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Allen County Public Library 


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3 1833 01200 3395 







concerning Mr. RICHARD WARREN 

Mayflower Passenger 


William Avery^ 1650 Richard Park^ 1635 

Thomas Fairchild^ i6j8 Thomas Little^ 1 6 JO 

Richard Warren^ 1620 

^•r.^x\>-.e\ 'Vut-.^a.Y^-. AveTM 



A people which takes no pride in the noble achievements of remote 
ancestors, will never achieve anything worthy to be remembered with 
pride by remote descendants. 

Macaulay: History of England 

The Univereity Press, Cambridge, U. S. A. 


Had it not been for the long, patient, and studious 
work of the compilers and authors of the many books 
consulted, to which I am indebted for a large amount 
of historic material, it would have been impossible tor 
me to undertake and complete this book. 



I Ne-w York Genealogical and Biographical Society 

NcTV York Historical Society 
Dedham Historical Society, Mass. 
fVestcrly Historical Society, R. I. 
Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford 
National Genealogical Society, fVashngton, D.C. 
New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston 

Hartford, Conn. 
June, 1919 




List of Illustrations ^^ 

Poem by J. G. A. Carter xn 

Authorities cited ''X 

A Rare Painting xvii 

Introduction ' 

Avery Name in England ^ 

Will of Robert Averyi 5 

Will of Robert Avery' 6 

Avery Homestead, Dedham, Mass 9 

Avery Family in America ^ i 

Genealogies — 

1 Avery, Robert, will dated July 27*^ IS7S 4 

2 Avery, William, died ? 4 

3 Avery, Robert, will dated March 30*^, 1642 6 

4 Avery, William, born England, 1622. Dedham, Mass., 1650 13 

5 Avery, Robert, baptized December 7*^ 1649 24 

6 Avery, John, born February 4*^ 1685/6 26 

7 Avery, Ephraim, born April 22^^^ 1713 4° 

8 Avery, Ephraim, born April I3t^ 1741 4^ 

9 Avery, John William, born May 24*^ 1767 48 

10 Avery, Samuel Putnam, born January i'*, 1797 5° 

11 Avery, Samuel Putnam, born March I7*\ 1822 Si 

12 Avery, Samuel Putnam, born October 7^^, 1847 67 

Settlement and town Covenant of Dedham, Mass IS 

Deed of William Avery* I9 

Will of William Avery* 22 

Inventory and deed of Robert Avery^ 25 

Will of John Avery« 27 

Inventory of John Avery® 29 

Incorporation of the town of Truro, Mass 3° 

Agreement with John Avery® and town of Truro 32 

Gift of land to Ephraim Avery^ 38 

Ministerial call of Ephraim Avery'^ to Brooklyn, Conn 41 

Funeral sermon about Ephraim Avery^ 42 

Marriages and death of Mrs. Ephraim Avery'' 43 

Gen'l George Washington's letter 44 

Ephraim Avery^ and church at Rye, N. Y 4^ 



Editorials and Resolutions in memory of Samuel Putnam Avery" . 51 

Gold Medal Committee, Samuel Putnam Avery" 57 

Editorials in memory of Benjamin Parke Avery" 58 

Fanny Falconer Avery^^ 62 

Resolutions in memory of Henry Ogden Avery^^ 63 

Gold Medal Committee, Samuel Putnam Avery^^ 66 

Pedigree connection with Robert AveryS 1575 (>"] 


Authorities cited 69 

Stratford, Connecticut 71 

Genealogies — 

1 Fairchild, Thomas, Stratford, Conn., 1638 74 

2 Fairchild, Samuel, born August 31^*, 1640 76 

3 Fairchild, Samuel, born , 1683 77 

4 Fairchild, Samuel, born February 3rd, 1710 78 

5 Fairchild, John Curtiss, born February — , 1745/6 .... 79 

6 Fairchild, Sarah, born February 28*^ 1773 80 

7 Avery, Samuel Putnam, born January i^*, 1797 81 

8 Avery, Samuel Putnam, born March 17*'^, 1822 82 

9 Avery, Samuel Putnam, born October 7*^, 1847 83 

Pedigree connection with Thomas FairchildS 1638 83 


Authorities cited 87 

Pedigree of the Park family in England 89 

Park family in America 91 

Genealogies — 

1 Park, Richard, Cambridge, Mass., 1635 91 

2 Park, Thomas, born England, 1628 94 

3 Park, John, born September 6*^, 1656 \ . 96 

4 Park, Joseph, born March 12*^*, 1705 97 

5 Park, Benjamin, born November i^*, 1735 102 

6 Parke, Benjamin, born September 16*'^, 1765 106 

7 Parke, Hannah Anne, born April 24*^ 1804 107 

8 Avery, Samuel Putnam, born March 17'^, 1822 109 

9 Avery, Samuel Putnam, born October 7*^ 1847 117 

Richard ParkS Cambridge property 92 

Ministerial call to Joseph Park* 98 

Letter of Christopher Sugar 99 

Plague in Westerly, R. 1 100 

Sermon by Joseph Park* 100 

[ viii ] 


Benjamin Park^ and Colonial Wars J°3 

Benjamin Park^ and Bunker Hill ^^^ 

Town meeting, Westerly, R. I 

Hannah Stanton Park's petition . . ... • • • • • • • • ; • ^ 

Editorials and Resolutions in memory of Samuel Putnam Avery . 109 

Editorials in memory of Benjamin Parke Avery« "4 

Pedigree connection with Richard ParkS 1635 ' 


A short narration of facts ^^ 

Authorities cited 

The Mayflower Pilgrims ^^^ 

The Mayflower compact 

Genealogies— , ,, ^ 126 

1 Warren, Richard, Plymouth, Mass., 1620 J^" 

2 Warren, Ann, daughter, born 1612? 9 

1 Little, Thomas, Plymouth, Mass., 1630 • • , • *^9 

Little, Ann Warren, wife. Married April I9*^ 163 3 • • • • J^9 

2 Little, Ephraim, son, born May I7*^ 1650 . ••••„,••• \l\ 
Little, Mary Sturtevant, wife. Married, November az'^^ 1672 13 1 

3 Little, Ruth, daughter, born November 23^^ 1686 133 

6 Avery, John, born February 4*^ 1685/6 . • • • • \ll 

Avery, Ruth Little, wife. Married, November 23^^ 1710 • • ^33 
Pedigree connection with Richard WarrenS Plymouth, Mass., 1620, 

and Thomas LittleS 1630 34 


Avery Family 

Names of Places, etc ^4^ 

Fairchild Family J^j^ 

Names of Places, etc , *45 


Park Family g 

Names of Places, etc 4 

Warren and Little Families ^49 

Names of Places, etc ^5i 













Coat of Arms xvi 

Seal of William AverT* xviii 

Avery Homestead 8 

Portrait of Samuel Putnam Avery^" 50 

Portrait of Samuel Putnam Avery" 52 

Avery Architectural Library Building 54 

Gold Medal, Samuel Putnam Avery" 56 

Portrait of Benjamin Parke Avery" 58 

Portrait of Henry Ogden Avery^^ 62 

Gold Medal, Samuel Putnam Avery^ 66 

Portrait of Samuel Putnam Avery" 68 

Bronze Tablet, Avery Library Building 112 


Coat of Arms 88 

Monument, Newton, Mass 92 

Park Homestead 96 

Tombstones, Joseph and Abigail Park 100 

Captain Benjamin Park's sword 102 

Portrait of Benjamin Parke^ 104 

Tombstone, Benjamin Parke^ 106 

Portrait of Samuel Putnam Avery^ no 


Coat of Arms 128 

Ephraim Little's Trunk, 1698 130 


Such were the fathers, such the mothers true, 
From whom our name and varied natures grew. 
From whom sprang men of sturdy zeal and might, 
Well armed for conflict in our country's night; 
Who led the people on in faith and prayer, 
Yet slackened not in thrift nor homely care; 
Who held in hand the Bible and the sword. 
And wielded either, as the law of God; 
Who tyranny denounced with scathing tongue 
The while with vigorous blows the anvil rung; 
Shrank not from warfare in a righteous cause. 
Yet left their children mild and peaceful laws; 
Gave them broad acres, trades and schools as well, 
A heritage whose value none may tell. 

Jane Greenough Avery^" Carter 


OF Dedham, Massachusetts 

^^ 1650-1919 


For the following record of the Avery Family in America, see: 

Baird's History of Rye, N. Y. 

Bolton's History of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Wesich ster Co. 

N. Y. 
Boston Record Commissioner s Reports, 1 63 0-1699. 
Bridgman's King's Chapel Burial Ground, Boston, 1853. 
Burk's Armory (Edition 1844). 
Chandler's Copy of Records in Pomfret, Conn. 
Crozier's Armory of American Families, 1904. 
Cutter's Life of Israel Putnam. 
Davis' Landmarks of Plymouth. 
Dedham, Mass., Records, Vols. II-III. 
Deeds of Land, Warrenville, Conn., Records. 
Dexter's Yale Biographies, Vol. 1745- 1763. 
Drake's Dictionary of American Biography. 
Drake's Founders of New England. 

Editorials and Resolutions in Memory of Samuel Putnam Avery, 1905. 
Freeman Genealogy. 
Freeman's History of Cape Cod. 
Genealogy of the Cornell Family. 

General Register, Society of Colonial Wars, New York, 1899-1902. 
Heraldic Journal, Vol. II, 1865. 
King's Chapel, Boston, Grave Yard Inscriptions. 
King's Notable New Yorkers, 1896-1899. 
Larned's History of Windham County, Conn. 
Lebanon, Conn., Land Records. 
Littlefield's Early Boston Booksellers, 1642-1711. 
Livingston's Israel Putnam. 
Lothrop Family Memoirs. 

Mackenzie's Colonial Families of the U. S. A., Vol. VI, 1917. 
New England Historic and Genealogical Register, 1847. 
New York Gazette and Mercury, May 2y^^, 1776. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Society Record, October, 1904. 
New York Weekly Museum, 1793. 
Orcutt's History of Stratford and Bridgeport, Conn. 
Parke and Parks of Massachusetts, 1909. 
Plymouth Colony Records. 

Pope's Pope Family. 

Prominent Families of New York, 1898. 

Rich's History of Truro, Cape Cod. 

Robert's History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of 

Massachusrtts, 1637-1888. 
Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of New England. 
Selleck's Norwalk, Conn. 
Some Account of the Park Family. 
The Avery Family in America, Dedham Branch, 1893. 
Thomas' History of Printing. 
Vital Records of Salem, Mass. 
Worthington's History of Dedham, Mass. 
Year Book, Sons of the Revolution, New York, 1909. 



'Gules, a chevron between three besants or, crest, two lion's 
jambs or, supporting besant " 

From photographs taken in 1919 


Relic of 1650 Comes to Dedham Historical 

THROUGH the generosity and interest of Samuel P. Avery of 
Hartford, Conn., the Dedham Historical Society has just 
come into the possession of the oil painting of the Coat of Arms 
of the Avery family, which was brought from England by William 
Avery when he came to this country in 1650. It remained in the 
old Avery house until about 1800, when it was taken to Conway, 
Massachusetts, and has since descended to various heirs until it 
was recently secured by Mr. Avery, who has now presented it to 
the Historical Society. The painting is about 18x18 inches and 
in very good condition considering its age. The Coat of Arms is 
"Gules, a chevron between three bezants or, crest, two lions jambs, 
or, supporting bezant." There have been only nine owners of the 
canvas since it was brought over, 269 years ago. They were: 

1. William Avery^ came from England, 1650, settled in Dedham, 
Mass., and brought with him the Avery Coat of Arms. He was born 
1622, and died March 18'^'', 1686. The painting then passed to the owner- 
ship of the following persons: 

2. William Avery^ eldest son, baptized in England, October 12*'', 1647, 
died December 15*^ 1708. 

3. William Avery^, born March 31^*, 1678, died May I3*^ 1750. 

4. William Avery^ only son of William Avery^ born August 30*^, 1716, 
died August 5**^, 1796. This Coat of Arms is mentioned in the inventory 
of his estate. He was the great-grandson of William Avery^. 

5. The third daughter and sixth child of William Avery^ was Mrs. 
Grace (Avery^) Howland, born August 17*^, 1755, died February 12*^, 
1841. She inherited it from her father. 

6. In 1853 it was given to Mrs. Jerusha (Avery^) Bingham, born 
September 13*'*, 1780, died December i^*, 1874. She was the grand- 
daughter of William Avery^. 

7. Then Mrs. Lucy Avery^" (Bingham) King inherited it from hei 
mother, bojn May 2i«*, 1822, died July 7*^ 1888. 

8. The next owner, Mrs. Grace Avery" (King) Steele, born April 21^*, 
1847, transferred the Coat of Arms to 

9. Samuel Putnam Averyi^, of Hartford, Conn., born October 7*'', 
1847, who presented it in January, 1919, to the Dedham Historical So- 
ciety, in which town it first appeared in 1650. The Dedham Transcript, 
February 8*^ 1919. 

^Vie X %6, with handle & ring i inch high 

In the will of William Avery'* it says, "I have hereunto set my hand 
& seal this fifteenth day of October, in y^ year of our Lord one thousand 
six hundred & eighty three." At a later day three witnesses, William 
Haberfild, John Higgs, and James Woodmansey, wrote upon the will, 
"Seal Published & confirmed by Mr. William Avery to be his last Will 
& Testament the 13*^ of March 1686/7 in the presence of us." William 
Avery died three days later, March 18*^. Jvery Genealogy, p. 34. 

Up to a few years ago this will filed in the Probate Office, Boston, 
Mass., bore a wax impression of the seal with the Avery Coat of Arms, 
but it was cut out by some vandal. 

"The seal on the will of Joseph Dummer of Dorchester in 1721 is evi- 
dently that of one of the witnesses, William Avery^ This is proved not 
only by the agreement of the arms with the name, but by the fact that 
the family possesses an old painting of this Coat, which is mentioned in 
an inventory prior to 1750." Whitmore's Heraldic Journal, Vol. H, p. 

This seal was also used as affixed to the signature of this same William 
Avery^ in a deed from James Whiting to him dated July lo*^, 1724, and 
a cut of the seal may be seen in the Heraldic Journal, Vol. H. 

The will of John Avery^ dated Truro, January i8*\ 1744, bears an 
impression of the same seal. Avery Genealogy, pp. 134-147. 

The seal is mentioned in the will of William Avery'', December i^*, 1791, 
who gives to his son Joseph* his "Seal of a watch which hath the arms 
of the family engraved upon it." Avery Genealogy, p. 41. 

The original seal, of silver, was presented to the Dedham Historical 
Society in 1906, by Miss Salome Elizabeth White of Brooklyn, N. Y. It 
was formerly the property of her great-grandfather, the Rev. Joseph 
Avery* of Holden, Mass., born October 14**^, 1751, died March 5*^ 1824, 
after nearly fifty years' pastorate. Avery Genealogy, pp. 62-69. 

The Historical Society of Dedham has many relics of the Avery 
family. Among them an Ensign's flag, of silk, probably belonging to 
Ensign Robert Avery^ also an ancient anvil, documents, and books, which 
have belonged to the family for years. 

In 1919 Mr. Edward Davis Conant, of Newton, Mass., presented the 
Malacca cane with an ivory head, inlaid with silver, which formerly be- 
longed to William Avery*. 


NO attempt has been made to mention in this book any of 
WiUiam Avery's * descendants except those in a direct line 
from him to Samuel Putnam Avery^^^ In regard to facts and au- 
thentic records concerning the origin of our Dedham ancestor, 
Dr. William Avery, we are probably in possession of all that will 
ever be known, as investigations through the efforts of Mr. Walter 
Titus Avery, of New York City, have resulted in ascertaining his 
home to have been in Barkham, Berks, England, with the parish 
record of the baptisms of his three children there, and the wills, 
presumably of both his father and his great-grandfather. With 
the great-grandfather, Robert AveryS we commence our gene- 
alogy, the latest generation given in our pages being the twelfth 
from him. 

While we date from Robert Avery^ of Pill, England, as our 
earliest known ancestor, it may be proper to say that we have 
not undeniable^ though strongly presumable, evidence that he 
was the great-grandfather of Dr. William Avery. The pre- 
sumption is, that the grandson Robert, mentioned in the will, 
as the son of his son William, was Robert of Wokingham, 
father of Dr. William, and this has much weight from the men- 
tion of his sister, Prudence Champion, and his brother, William^ 
of Congresburie,* and John Champion in the will. 

* The Parish of Congresburie is in Winterstoke Hundred, 6J^ miles N. N. East 
of Axbridge, on the River "Yeo," and about 5 miles from its mouth. Acres 4280. 
Houses 247 in 183 1. Population 1380 in 1841. 

The "Yeo" rises near Compton Martin, and runs 13 miles N. N. West to Bristol 
Channel, 3 miles above Sand Point. 


The following is a copy of the supposed pedigree of Dr. William 



of Congresbury 




of Wokingham 

of Pill 

= Joane 


John Champion 





Frequent mention is made of the Avery name, in different 
parish records of baptisms in England, spelled variously Abrie, 
Averie, and Avery, and of marriage licenses, one, in particular, 
noticeable from the fact that the groom, Dudley Avery, was a 
son of the Right Worshipful Samuel Avery, Alderman of London. 
But these records, though interesting to the genealogist, throw 
no light on the question of our own relationship to the parties 

The following of ancient date is from the Deanery of Trigg 
Manor. By MacLeon: — 

1466, August 22'^*^. John Avery was mentioned as living in the parish 
of St. Endellion, Cornwall. Henry Avery also held land in the same 

"After 1543, a messuage in Trewiggett, Cornwall, was in the posses- 
sion of Richard Averye."' ("A messuage was a dwelling house with adja- 
cent buildings, and lands for the use of the household." — Webster.) 

In 1603, a boundary of Tintaget, Cornwall, was signed by William 

Avery and others. Thomas Avery was mayor of the same place in 1605, 
William in 1746, Richard in 1801. 

The name of Avery, according to memoranda from London, 
"Notes and Queries," is found at Bodmin, Cornwall, England, at 
an early date (and exists there at the present time), as early as 
13 10, in which year Thomas Avery was associated with others in 
a suit concerning 500 acres of land, at Halgrave, near Bodmin. 

The name Avery is also found in the will of Agnes Arden 
(mother of Mary Shakespeare, and grandmother of William 
Shakespeare), widow of Robert Arden of Wilmscote parish of 
Arton (three miles from Stratford). In this document, dated 
1584, she gives Avery Fulwood two sheep. John Fulwood mar- 
ried an aunt of William Shakespeare. Malone's Shakespeare. 

There is also an Avery Lane in London and an Avery Street in 
Birmingham. There is a record in the history of Westminster 
Abbey showing that sometime in the fifteenth or sixteenth cen- 
tury Lady Elizabeth Avery of Devonshire was buried there. 

In the year 1544, Michael Avery was mayor of Bodmin. The 
parish registers commence in 1559, and the name of Avery is 
among the first found therein. 

There have also been found records of baptisms, marriages, and 
deaths, as follows: — 

1560 — Johan, dau. of Thomas Avery, baptized May 26**'. 

1563 — Thomas, son of Thomas Avery, baptized . 

1569 — Walter Averye and Origo Williams, married Sept. 6*^. 

1569 — Michael Avery was buried Sept. 28*^. 

John Avery, of Bodmin, married Isoult Barry, of Wynscote, Devon- 
shire, dau. of John Barry, who died 1538. 

At Dowland, N. Devon, may be found the following inscriptions: — 

"Here lyeth the body of Margarett StofFord, the weif of Thomas 
StofFord Gent, mother of Robert Avery, who died the s""*^ of Sept., anno 
dni, 1600. 

"Here lyeth the bodie of Thomasine Avery, the first weif of Robert 
Avery, who died the xxv**^ Aprill, anno dm'ni, 1601. 

"Here lyeth the bodie of Johane Avery, the second weif of Robert 
Avery, who died the xxiiii*^ of Sept., anno dm'ni, 1612. 



Robert S. = Elizabeth d & h of Menwhennyke. 

1 \ 1 

John = Margery Thomas = Margaret, widow 

Ascot. of Avery above. 

Their arms are those of Dr. William Avery of Dedham, 

The parish of Pill, — now Pylle, Somerset, — which was the 
residence of our earliest known ancestor, Robert AveryS is 334 
miles south of Shepton Mallet, in White Stone Hundred; acres, 
1,570; houses, 35 in 183 1; population, 216 in 1841. Pylle House 
(as per Black's Guide) is on the Bath & Bridport Railway. There 
is a town by the same name near the mouth of the Severn, on map 
of England, in Cotton's general atlas of 1862 (it is not the ancient 
Pill, however), 153^ miles from Bath, and 2^ miles from Shep- 
ton Mallet. 

The name Pill seems to correspond to the Welsh Fowl, an inlet 
or pool. 

William Avery^ our earliest ancestor In America, lived in 
Barkham, Berkshire, England. 

We come now to trace the direct lines of descent from Robert 
AveryS yeoman, down to the twelfth and latest generation of the 
Dedham branch of Averys In this country. "A yeoman or hus- 
bandman was one who tilled his own land in distinction from a 
peasant or farmer, who occupied the land of another." 1599 to 
1655. London Notes and Queries. 

Robert Avery^ died previous to October 14*^ IS75, that being the 
date of the proving of his will. The will itself bears date July 27*^ 
1575, a copy of which, made from the original, is in the posses- 
sion of Mr. W. T. Avery. 

He had three sons, William'^, Richard^, and Thomas'^. William 
seems to have fallen under his father's displeasure for "having 

made a base marriage, and left his native parishe," but receives 
a share in the property, according to the terms of the will, "in 
token of forgiveness." Richard, the second son, is made sole ex- 
ecutor, and his brother William AveryS of Congresburie, and 
John Champion, his brother-in-law, are appointed overseers. 

Will of Robert Avery^ of Pill, {now Pylle) Somerset, England, 
yeoman, found at Doctor's Commons, March, 1872. 

In the name of Almighty God Amen, the 27*^^ day of July in the 
year of our Lorde God 1575, I, Robert Avery, yoeman of Pill, Co. 
Somerset, being sick in bodye, but hole in mynde and good in remem- 
brance, do ordaine this my Testament and last Will, in manner and 
forme followinge: 

Fyrst. I commende and bequethe my Soule to Almytie God, my 
maker and Redeemer, and to all the Hollye companye in heaven, and my 
bodye to be buryed as a Christian man. 

Also I give and bequethe to my sonne William Avery £5, my bowe and 
arrows, and my wynter gowne furred with fox, in token of my forgiveness 
for his having made a base marriage and left his native parishe. 

Item. I give and bequethe to my second sonne, Richard Avery, all my 
farm Implements, and the house wherein I now do dwell. Also I give and 
bequethe to the said Richard Avery, one field and one medowe now in 
the occupation of John Austen, and I also bequethe to him my goods, 
moveable and unmoveable which are in and about the house and premises, 
I now dwell. 

Item. I give and bequethe to my youngest sonne, Thomas Avery, £5, 
one cowe and one loade of hay, my silk doublet, two pair of hose and one 
brasse potte and cover. 

Item. I doe give and bequethe to my Sister, Prudence Champion, the 
somme of 10/4, and one milch cowe, two prs sheets, and my second best 
feather bedde, with all covering and appurtenances thereto. 

Item. I give and bequethe to my grandsonne, Robert Avery, the sonne 
of my sonne William Avery the some of 6/8'*. 

Item. I give and bequethe unto William Sharpe, my oulde blue coate, 
and to my nephew, Jacob Avery, my brother William's sonne, my pen 
and one silver guilt flagon with cover. 

Item. I give and bequethe to Abell, my servant, my bodye Lynen, 
and one shillinge. 

Item. I give and bequethe the Resydewe of all my goods and Cattels 
unbequethed, unto my sonne, Richard Avery. Also I ordeyne and make 
the sayde Richard Avery, my sonne, to be my sole executor, and he to 
see my funeralles and debts payed. And to see this my last testament 
and will p. formed, as he will answer before Almightie God, at the generall 
day of judgement. Also I make overseer of this, my will, my brothers, 


William Avery,* of Congresburie, and John Champion, and I doe give 
for their paynes takynge Herein 2°/ eche. These beynge witnesses. 
Robert Hibbert, Thos. Vyse with others. 

Proved by the executor Richard Avery, Oct. 14*^, 1575. 

William^ the oldest son of Robert^ had one son, Robert*. 
Whether there were others, records do not say. This Robert^ we 
suppose to have been the father of Dr. William of Dedham. 

Robert Avery^ lived in Wokingham, Berkshire. By trade he 
was a blacksmith (which was a profession in those days when he 
made the armor). His will, found in the Diocese of Doctor's 
Commons, bears date March 30*S 1642. He married Joanne, and 
had three children. 

I William*, b. 1622. See forward. 
II Robert^ 
III Frances*. 

We here insert the will — a copy of the original being in pos- 
session of Mr. W. T. Avery. 


In the name of God, Amen. The thirtiette day of March in the Eight- 
eenth yere of the raign of our Soveraine Lord Charles, by the grace of 
God of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Kings, defenders of the faith, 
Ann° Domini one Thousand six hundred forty-two. I, Robert Avery, of 
Wokingham in the countie of Berks, blacksmith, being in perfect memory, 
praised be Almighty God, doe disannull, recall and make void all former 

* William AveryI of Congresburie (brother of Robert Averyi), had six sons: 
Thomas^, William^ Richard^ Giles^, Jacob^ and John^ and died 1585. 

William- had daughter Jane' and son Joseph^. 

Jacob^ had seven children: Joseph', Benjamin', Christian', Samuel', Hester', 
Benjamin', Annah', and died Feb. i^*, 1643. 

JoHN^ had four children: Sarah', John', William', and Joane'. 

Joseph' (Jacob^ W™^) had one son Joseph^: Merchant of London. 

Samuel' (Jacob^ W°^') of Havidge and Enfield and Merchant of London, per 
London "Notes and Queries," May 20**^, 1871, was sheriff of London, 1647, and 
the Alderman Avery, who joined in the Acti, May 30*^, 1649, proclaiming the aboli- 
tion of kingly government. He was commissioner, for sundry city ordinances about 
1645, and the State Paper Office contains letters from him dated from Hamburg 
and addressed to Lord Digbye and Sir Thomas Rowe, Jan. 12**^, 1643-4. He had 
one daughter, KatharineS b. 1622, and one son Dudley^. 

Dudley* of Streatly, Berkshire, Eng., had: Dudley^ Allen^ Samuel^ William^ 
Catharine\ Mirabella^ Christian^ Barsheba^. 

"The parish of Streatly is in Moreton Hundred, Berkshire, S^i miles south by 
west of Wallingford, on the west bank of the Thames." 

Gazetteer, 184 1. 


wills and Testam*^ weiche in writing or other wais. And doe make this 
my last will and Testament in manner and forme followinge. That is 
to say, 

First. I doe bequeathe my soule unto God, my creator and redeemer. 
And my body to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors and 
overseers, and as touching my landes wherein I have estate, my will is as 
followeth: If it happens Joane, my wif survive and ou*live me, my will 
is, I give and bequeath unto the said Joane, my now wiff, all that mes- 
suage or Tenement in the w^ I now dwell, with the barns, Stables and 
houses, orchards, garden, w^ appurtenances and the close of avable or 
pastur thereunto belonging, and next adioninge (adjoining), known and 
called by the name of Lower dowles, allis little dowles, conteyning two 
akers more or less. And also another parcell of land, great dowles, allis 
upper dowles, lyinge and being in the p'ish of Wokingham and Countie 
of Berks, aforesaid, containing sixteen akers more or less, all of which 
said House and landes, I bought and purchased of Richard Windgate of 
Long Sutton Co South *° yeoman, during the terme of her naturall life, 
if she shall so long keep herselfe a widdow and unmarried, and after the 
death or marriage of the said Joane, my now wif, which of them shall first 
happen, my will is, and I doe give and bequeathe unto William Avery, 
my eldest sonne, all that my p'cell of land called great dowles, allis upper 
dowles aforesaid, to remain unto him and to his heirs forever. Item, that 
after the death or marriage of the said Joane, my now wifF w^'^ever of 
them shall happen, I doe give and bequeathe unto Robert Avery, my 
youngest son, all that my messuage in the which I now dwell with the 
appurtenances and the close aforesaid thereunto belonging and next ad- 
iogning, to remain unto him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I doe give and bequeathe unto Frances Avery, my daughter, 
the sum of twenty pounds to be paid unto her within two years, next 
after my decease which said some of 2o£ my will is, shall be paid by my 
executors, and to be raised out of that p'cell of land called upper dowles, 
allis great dowles. Item. I doe give and bequeathe (the some of five 
pounds) ? unto Roger Irelande the younger, eldest sonne of Roger Ire- 
lande of Hurst, weaver, w^ said some of 5£ my will is, shall be paid at his 
age of one and twenty years, by the said Robert Avery, my youngest 
sonne, heirs, executors and Administrators if the said Roger shall so long 

Item. My will is that all the debts I now owe or shall ow, at the time 
of my decease shall be paid by my executors (and no pt throf be laid upon 
my son Robert, other than the five £ aforesaid) and that all such debts 
and funerell expenses shall be raised out of my stock of goods and chattels 
and the residue of all my goods and chattels, my debts and funerell 
charges first deducted and my legacies paid, I doe give and bequeathe 
'^'^to Joane my said wif, and unto William my sonne equally to be 
divided whom also I doe ordeine and make my executors ioyntly and 

And I doe entreat and earnestly request my loving friends Thomas 


Champion of Barkham * and Andrew Avery of East Hampstead both 
in Berks, overseers of this my last will and testam* to whom I give and 
bequeath the some of five shillings apiece, to be paid to them w'° three 
months next after my decease. In witness whereof I have set my seal 
and enscribed unto both Sheetes in the p'tes of provided all wais that if 
my eldest sonne WilHam Avery shall and doe well and truly pay or cause 
to be paid unto my sonne Robert Avery, the full some of Threescore 
pounds of lawful english money w'"^ three years next after the Decease 
of me and Joane my now wif, by twenty pounds a year for three years 
yearly, that then it shall be lawful to and for my said sonne William 
Avery (with?) the messuage Tenemen*^ and their appurtenances w"^ in 
the close or parcell thereunto belonging called lower Dowles, alis little 
dowles (being?) by these (pates?) given unto my youngest sonne Robert to 
enter, possess and enjoy. And I doe give and bequeathe the said p'mesis 
unto my said sonne (Wm?) and his heirs forever, and any thinge hearin 
not w'^standing. 

Witness Giles Boulders Ann Boulders d u j ^ 

Proved is^Mune 1644 (Signed.) 

* Parish of Barkham, Berks, is in Charlton Hundred, and 5 miles So. West of 
Wokingham. Acres 1415. Population 248 in 1841. Houses 36 in 183 1. Pari. 
Gazr. 1 84 1. 



THE house was probably built in Dedham, Mass., as early as 
165 1 by William Avery^ who was "admitted Townesman" 
on January i^S 1650-1. The buildings were taken down in 1885. 

The ancient white oak tree, undoubtedly much older than the 
settlement of the town, is still standing and belongs to the Dedham 
Historical Society. It measures, 1918, five feet from the ground, 
a few inches over sixteen feet in circumference, while a line drawn 
around the base on the ground measures twenty-seven feet six 
inches, and the longest branch extends over the ground fifty feet 
from the trunk. 

This tree was fitly selected as the centerpiece of the town seal 
and as "the symbol of age & strength as well as of present life & 


1650 Dedham Branch 1919 


T X 7E now take up the record of our earliest ancestor in America, 
^ ^ who crossed the Atlantic in 1650, and cast in his lot with 
the settlers of the town of Dedham, Mass., bringing with him his 
wife, Margaret, and three children, from the parish of Barkham, 
County of Berkshire, England. Of these three children born in 
Barkham we make special mention, as there is a certified copy of 
the certificates of their baptisms in Mr. W. T. Avery's possession 
signed by the rector of the parish. 

"1645. Mary Avery, the daughter of Margaret and William Avery, 
was baptized the IQ*'^ of December. 1647. William the jonni? of William 
and Margaret Avery, was baptized the seven and twentieth day of October. 

1649. Robert Avery, y® somie of William and Margaret Avery, bap- 
tized the vii*'* of December. 

I, Arthur Roberts, rector of Barkham, certify the above to be a true 
copy of the Baptism Register of the said parish. Extracted this 15*^ day 
of March in the year of our Lord, 1880. By me. 

(Signed) Arthur Roberts." 

William Avery* was born in England, 1622. Died, Boston, March IS^\ 
1686. His wife, Margaret, was born in England. Died, Dedham, 
September 28*1', 1678. Other children were born to William and Margaret 
Avery after they took up their life in Dedham. The complete list is as 
follows : — 


I Mary\ baptized December 19'^ 1645, in Barkham, England. 
Married, November 5"S 1666, James Tisdale, of Taunton, Mass., born 
1644. She died September 9t^ 1713. He died January 15*1', 1715. 

II William^, baptized October 27*1', 1647, in Barkham, England. 
Married, September 21^*, 1673, Mary Lane, of Maiden, Mass., born 1652. 
He died December 15*^, 1708. She died October 11* 1681. They had 
four children. 


III Robert^ baptized December 7*^, 1649, in Barkham, England. 
Married, April 3'''^, 1677, Elizabeth Lane,* of Maiden, Mass., born 1655. 
He died October 3'''^, 1722. She died October 21^*, 1746. They had six 
children. See forward. 

IV Jonathan^, born May 26'^ 1653, Dedham. Married, July 22°^ 
1679, Sybil Sparhawkjt of Cambridge, born "about 1655." He died 
September 14*^ 1694. She died August 6*\ 1708. They had four 

V Rachel^ born September 20*\ 1657, Dedham. Married, May 22°^, 
1677, William Sumner, of Boston, born February 9*\ 1656. She died 
soon. He died July 20*\ 1703, Middletown, Conn. 

VI Hannahs born September 27*^\ 1660, Dedham. Married, May 
22°"^, 1677, Benjamin Dyar, of Boston. She died September 15*^ 1678. 

VII EbenezerS born November 24*^ 1663, Dedham. Died before 
1683, as he is not mentioned in his father's will. 

As, William Avery was one of the earliest settlers in the tov/n 
of Dedham (1650), only fifteen years after its incorporation, 
and made that his home till his removal to Boston about 1680, 
leaving the homestead to be occupied till nearly the present day 
by his descendants, it seems fitting that a sketch of the settle- 
ment and incorporation of the town should be given in these 
pages. Although Dr. William took up his residence the latter 
part of his life in Boston, he continued to show his interest in 
Dedham, and in an especial manner to the cause of education 
there, showing him to have been a man nofonly liberal with his 
purse, but thoughtful, and solicitous for the best interests of the 
community he had left. 

* Elizabeth (Lane) Avery died in 1746, leaving five children, thirty grand- 
children, fifty-two great grandchildren, and two great, great grandchildren. 

t Mr. W. R. Deane says: "There was a large Parchment Deed of Thomas 
Graves of Charlestown, Physician, and Sybil (Avery) his wife, and Dorothy Avery, 
Spinster, the only two daughters of Jonathan Avery, of Dedham, deceased, who 
sell to Wm. Avery of Dedham, blacksmith, for £250, house and land in Dedham, 
4th April, 1710. 

Witnesses. Signed. 

Eleazer Thos. Graves, 

William Bullard, Sybil! Graves, 

Robert Ward. Dorothy Avery." 

Recorded, Suffolk, 1765, book 106 (or 156), page 256. 



T7IFTEEN years after the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock, 
-*- and five years after the landing of Gov. Winthrop and his 
colony in Boston, the General Court of the Colony of Massachu- 
setts Bay, on the 3rd day of September, 1635 (old style), the 
same day that Concord was incorporated, "ordered that there 
shall be a plantation settled about two myles above the falls of 
Charles Ryver in the north-east syde thereof to have ground 
lying to it on both sydes the ryver, both upland and meadow, to 
be layde out hereafter as the Court shall appoint." This was the 
beginning of the settlement, and it was the desire of the first 
settlers that the town should be called Contentment. The first 
two recorded meetings, Aug. 18*^ and 29*^^, 1636, were headed 
"Contentment." The name was afterwards erased by a line 
drawn across it, and the name "Dedham" written over. It has 
been usually understood in neighboring towns that the name was 
chosen in memory of the town by the same name in England, 
but we find no allusion to this fact in records which we have 

At any rate, it is evident that these settlers proposed to have 
their new town a model for good order and peace. It seems also 
that they made a point in regard to the practice of religion, by 
the following covenant, which all who wished to settle there were 
required to sign. 


I. We, whose names ar here vnto subscribed, doe, in the feare and 
Reverence of our Almightie God, mutually: and severally p'mise amongst 
our selves and each to other to p'fFesse and practice one trueth according 
to that most p'rfect rule, the foundation where of is Everlasting Love; 


2. That we shall by all means Laboure and keepe of from us all such 
as ar contrarye minded. And receave only such vnto vs as be such as 
may be p'bably of one harte, with vs as that we either knowe or may well 
and truely informed to walke in a peaceable conversation with all meeke- 
ness of spirit for the edification of each other in the knowledge and faith 
of the Lord Jesus; and the mutual encouragem't vnto all Temporall com- 
forts in all things; seeking the good of each other out of all which may be 
derived true Peace. 

3. That if at any time difference shall arise betv/een p'ties of our said 
Towne, that then such p'tie and p'ties shall p'sently Referre all such 
difference vnto som one, 2 or 3, others of our said Societie to be fully ac- 
corded and determined without any further delay if it possibly may bee; 

4. That every man that now or at any time heere after shall have Lots 
in our said Town, shall pay his share in all such rates of money, and 
charges as shall be imposed vpon him Rateably in p'portion with other 
men. As allso become freely subject vnto all such orders and constitu- 
tions as shall be necessariely had or made, now or at any time heere after 
from this day fore warde, as well as for Loveing and comfortable Societie, 
in our said Towne as allso for the p'perous and thriveing Condicion of our 
said fellowshipe, especially respecting the feare of God in which we de- 
sire to begine and continue what so ever shall by his Loveing favoure 
take in hand. 

5. And for the better manifestion of our true resolution heere in, 
every man so receaved; to subscribe here vnto his name there by oblieg- 
ing both himself and his successors after him for ever as we have done. 

This Covenant was "with one accord agreed upon at the first recorded 
Meeting of the Dedham Proprietors, August 16**^, 1636. It is in the 
handwriting of Edward Alleyn & was originally signed by 19 persons 
present at the meeting" and by 106 "those others after the meeting was 
dissolved." Dedham Historical Records, Vol. II, p. 153. 

Edward Alleyn, who had charge of the Records for two years, was 
"deceased the 8 of y^ 7 m° 1642. There is no record of his birth. Dedham 
Historical Records, Vol. I, p. 29. 

In 1636 a burial place was set apart and for nearly a century was 
the only one in town. Here are the graves of many of the early 
ministers and founders of Dedham, and a walk through the grounds 
shows many stones of great historical interest, many of which 
bear the name of Avery. 

The original limits of the town comprised the present towns of 
Dedham, Medfield, Walpole, Wrentham, Needham, Wellesley, 
Dover, Norwood, Norfolk, Franklin, most of Bellingham, and 
parts of Natick, Hyde Park, and of West Roxbury, and for a short 
time the territory forming Millis formed a part of Dedham under 

a subsequent grant. A large part of the settlers went from Water- 
town to the new town, and in 1638 there were settled thirty-eight 

The men who thus early formed the town of Dedham were 
most, if not all, men who had fled from England to find a land 
where they could enjoy religious rights. The first meeting for 
public worship was held under one of several great trees which 
stood near what is now the center of Dedham Village, but in 1638 
measures were taken to build a meeting-house. 

The first schoolhouse was built of logs in 1648, ten years after 
the meeting-house was erected. Its cost was about £12, and the 
salary of the schoolmaster who first taught there was £20 per 

An almshouse was not found necessary till the year 1773, at 
which time the town erected one "on the westerly part of the 
training ground." 

By the Dedham church records, we find that "William Avery & 
his wife Margaret were admitted into the church 16*'' 12*^ mo. 
(Feb.) 1650." This, without doubt, marked an event that oc- 
curred quite near the date of their settlement. In the same year 
the town records make the following statement: 

"It was granted unto W™ Avery, to set his shoppe in the highway in 
the east street, the west side of his shoppe to extend in front line of his 
house, next his house, provided that he lays down so much land on the 
east side of the said ways — as the same is straightened by this said 
shopp, at such time as the towne shall require the same, always provided 
that whensoever the said shopp shall be no longer used for a Smythe's 
shoppj by the said WilHam at any time hereafter then it shall be re- 
moved out of the highway, if the town shall require the same." (Y® 15*'' 
of y® I mo. 1650.) 

In the year 1669 we find William Avery designated in the 
records as Sergt. William Avery, and with others, sent as Deputy 
to the General Court. 

In 1675 he was, with several prominent men, appointed by the 
court to examine Indians who were suspected of some base designs 
against the English, and in connection with this entry in the town 
book of records, he is first given the title of Dr. 

Dr. William was one of the original proprietors, who, in 1670, 
took possession of 8000 acres of land at Deerfield (then called 
Pocumptuck), granted to the town of Dedham in lieu of 2000 acres, 
taken from the town by the General Court for the Indians at 

Twenty-eight years after their arrival and settlement in America, 
having lived all this time in Dedham, Margaret, wife of Dr. Wil- 
liam, died. The date of her death, per Dedham Records, was 
Sept. 28*^ 1678, and soon after he removed to Boston. Dr. 
Ebenezer Alden, President of Norfolk District Medical Society, 
at its annual meeting, May IO*^ 1853, on the subject of the Early 
History of the Medical Profession in the County of Norfolk, 
Mass., thus spoke of him: 

"Dr. William Avery was the earliest educated physician, who 
is known to have taken up his residence in Dedham. He appears 
to have been well educated, a man of benevolence, and especially 
a patron of learning, etc." "It is known that in his life he made 
liberal donations to various public charities, among which was one 
to the college at Cambridge." 

That he did not forget the town which had been the place of 
his many years' residence, is seen by the following extract from 
the "History of Dedham," by Worthington, page 36: 

"Capt. Daniel Fisher and Ensign Fuller report that Dr. WiUiam 
Avery, now (1680) of Boston, but formerly of the Dedham church, out 
of entire love of his Church and Town, freely gives into their hands, 
sixty pounds, for a Latin school, to be ordered by the Selectmen and 

After his removal to Boston, he became a bookseller, accord- 
ing to the "History of Printing," by Thomas, Vol. II, p. 411, who 
says, "William Avery was Bookseller, located near the Blue 
Anchor,* in 1679." 

* The Blue Anchor stood near the spot where the Transcript Building stood on 
Washington Street, now occupied by the Globe newspaper office. See "Memorial 
History of Boston," 1880, Vol. I, p. 510. 

From the "History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massa- 
chusetts,_i637-i888," by O. A. Roberts, Boston, 1895, Vol. I, p. 177. 

"William Avery of Dedham, an apothecary and physician, was admitted a 
citizen of that town January i^*, 1651. He was called Sergeant in 1655, was a 


Dr. William married for his second wife, Mrs. Maria (Wood- 
mansey) Tappin, daughter of Mr. Robert Woodmansey, and lived 
only about six years afterward, dying on the i8*^ March, 1686, 
aged about 65 years. His wife Maria died May 21^', 1707, aged 
78. His tombstone stands in King's Chapel burial ground, 
Boston, near and facing the middle of the raihng on Tremont 
Street. On it is also inscribed the name of his widow, Maria. 
It is likely that this stone does not stand where it was originally 
placed, as a number of tombstones were taken up and set in a row 
by some person, — a barbarism that should never have been 

"His wife (Margaret) died September 28*^ 1678, & in 1679 he mar- 
ried Mrs. Maria Tappin, widow of John Tappin, of Boston, to which 
place he removed, & took charge of the book shop recently conducted 
by Joseph Tappin, her son, to which he added an apothecary's depart- 
ment, which is said to have been the first ever established in New Eng- 
land. In 1679 he published a book the title of which reads: 'The Neces- 
sity of pouring out the spirit from on High, etc' Boston: Printed by 
John Foster, for William Avery near the sign of the Blew Anchor, 1679." 
Littlefield's Early Boston Booksellers, 1642-1711, pp. 93, 94, 123, 180. 


March 16*^, 1681/2 

Gift to His Eldest Son, William^ 

Know all men by by these p'sents, that I, William Avery (Phistion & 
Chirurgeon) Resident in Boston, in the county of SufFolke, in the Massa- 
chusetts Collony in New England, upon good Considerations upon ac- 
count of portion. Do hereby and herewith freely give, grant, & set out 
to my beloved Eldest son William Avery (blacksmith) resident in Ded- 
ham, in y^ County of Suffolke aforesaid — Do for me, my Heyers, & 
Sucessers, fully freely & absolutely give unto my say^ son William Avery 

Lieutenant of the Company at Dedham in 1673, and was admitted freeman in 1677. 
He was the Bookseller mentioned by Thomas in his History, Vol. II, p. 411, whose 
will is in the probate records; he represented Springfield in the Legislature of 1669. 
He died at Boston, March 18**^, 1686-87, aged about sixty-six years, and was 
buried in Dedham, in the ancient burial place. Range XIV, No. 29, or later in 
King's Chapel burial ground, both places recording his burial." From the same 
work there is also this foot-note: "William Avery (1650). Authorities, New 
Eng^ Hist., and General Register, 1847. King's Chapel burial ground by Tho's 
Bridgman, Boston, 1853. Savage's Gen'l Die*; Dedham Register, 1892, p. 159. 
Dedham Records, Vol. II, p. 277, Vol. Ill, pp. 179, 221. Sewall papers, Vol. I, 
p. 170. Dr. Wm. Avery Dyes, March 18*'*, 1686-7." 


& to his Heyers, Executo''% Administrato", and Assigns forever, those 
two house lotts in Dedham, which was granted by the sayd towne to 
Francis Austin & WilHam Bearstoe, as they lye adjoyneing together in 
that part of Dedham Towne called East street, as the sayd lotte lyeth by 
& an bounded & abutteth upon the great Highway or Street towards the 
west & upon the land of John Fayerbanke sen^ & y® land of Jonathan 
fFayerbanks towards the South & east and upon the land that I pur- 
chased of Mr. Dwight towards the East, & upon the land of my son Jona- 
than Avery towards the North, and also all the houses, buildings, 
orchards & emprovements upon the sayd Land. More, one parcell of 
woodland, the quantyty being more or less, the same I bought of Mr. 
Timothy Dwight as it Lyeth by & abutteth upon the aforesayd Land, 
and upon the lot or land of Jonathan Avery towards the west & upon 
the land of Thomas Herring towards the North, & upon the Mill Creek 
towards the east and abutteth upon the land of Jonathan ffayerbank 
towards the South — More, one parcell of meadow and upland as it 
lyeth in east street aforesayd, near the house lot or land aforesayd, as it 
lyeth by & is bounded and abutteth upon the aforesayd Highway or 
street towards the east, right agaynst the afore^ay'd land & abutting 
upon the land of John fFayerbanks towards the south & upon the little 
River towards the west and upon the meadow & upland of Jonathan 
. Avery towards the North according to the ditch & fence as it is now de- 
vided & fenced — More, nine acres of upland more or less as it lyeth 
together in Dedham aforesayd near unto south meadow a part thereof I 
purchased of Thomas Battelle, the remaynder thereof was granted unto 
me by the Town of Dedham, the true bounds & abuttments of the whole 
parcel acording as it is described in the book of Grants or Records of the 
Town of Dedham — More, eight acres of meadow, more or less, as it 
lyeth in Dedham aforesayd in that meadow called Rock meadow, as it 
lyeth by & is bounded and abutteth upon the meadow that was Deacon 
Henery Chickery^^ towards the North & upon Brook or small river that 
runeth through rock meadow towards the east & South east, and abutteth 
upon the wast upland one all other parts. 

More, one parcell or lott of Lands in Dedham aforesayd as it do Lye 
in that Devision of land near Meadfield bound line the quantity being 
two hundred and fifty acres, more or less, the whole lot as it was granted 
by the Towne of Dedham to the Rights of Ens. Francis Chickering, the 
bounds and abuttments Being described in the Booke of the Towne of 
Dedham's Records. 

More. Six acres of seader Swamp, be it more or less the whole lot as 
it Lyeth in Dedham aforesayd, near or adjoineing to the great Pond as it 
is bounded & abutteth upon the said pond towards the North, upon 
Turkey Island towards the west and upon the swamp that did belong to 
Henery Phillips and upon the wigwam plain, one all other parts. More, 
the whole & full Right & Rights of nine Cow Comons and three Sheep 
Comons in all sorts of Lands in all Devissions of Lands yet at any time 
hereafter to be layed out in the whole bounds of the Towne of Dedham 

aforesayd whatsoever. More, the moyetie or half part of my lot or par- 
cell of meadow that I bought of Cornelius ffisher as it lyeth in Fowle 
Meadow one the Northerly side of the River, being the first meadow 
streame towards the west that is yet layed out one the Northerly side of 
the sayd River. More, all my sayd Cow Comon Rights in all Devissions 
of Lands yet layd out or at any time hereafter to be layd out in all the 
Township & bounds in the Towne of Wrentham — More, Twenty & 
six acres of land be it more or less as it Lyeth in the Thousand Acres near 
Dedham in the bounds of Rocksbery in the seaventh hundred undevided, 
Lyeing with the widdow Heath, the land formerly Arthur Garys Robert 
Seaver, & Robert Peper, being the Land I purchased of Thomas ffoster, 
as by a legall Deed thereof may more full apeare. All the aforesayd 
Lotm*® and parcells of uplands, meadows, swamp and Comon Rights 
aforesayd as they are described aforesayd, I, the sayd William Avery do 
avouch and declare to be at the day of the date hereof of my owne proper 
estate, & in my owne power all the pr.^mises Lawfully to dispose & give. 
And do hereby further warrant all y^ aforedescribed pr.^'mises together 
with all the buildings, orchards, fences, wood Timber, stone, grass, feed 
proffits pr.Velidges, improvements, & Comodities thereupon, therein, or 
thereunto any way appertayneing, or that maj^ at any time hereafter be 
procured & atained, from all the p.^mesis or ^y part, or parcell thereof 
whatsoever TO HAVE & TO HOLD to him, my sayd Son William 
Avery as a good inheritance, in fee Simple to him, His Heyers, ex- 
ecuto." Adminestrato''^ & Assignes in peaceable Possession forever, free, 
Acquitt & discharged of & from all & all manner of Debts, Mortgages, 
Leases, Entayles. Dowrys, Titles of Dowry & all other Locall Mollesta- 
tions & encumberances whatsoever, from, by, or under us or any of us, 
we the sayd William or my Heyers or successers. And I do herevs^ith 
Render & give Seizur & Lawful Posession of all the above described 
p^mises & do further promis to do any further Act, or Acts things or 
things do, or may any way tend to the more full confirmation & Loyall 
asurance of all the above demised p.^mises whensoever I am Reasonably 
requested thereunto. In Witnes to & for full Confirmation of all the 
above demised p.^mises, I the Sayd William Avery Sen'', have hereunto 
set my hand & afixed my seale in y® year one Thousand six hundred 
Eighty one, the 16*'' of March. 
Read, Signed, 
Sealed & Delivered 
in P.^sence of 

Daniell ffisher Willi Avery [seal.] 

Jn° Woodmansey 

Mr. William Avery acknowledged this Instrume."* to be his Act and 
Deed, this 16*^ March 1681/2. 

Mrs. Mary Avery did at the same time resigne & disclaim all her right 
& Title in the p^'mises. 

before Sam^^ Norwell Assist. (Sign'^). 


The following is a copy of the 

In Probate Office, Boston, Mass., 15^^ October, 1683 

I, William Avery, resident of Boston, in the county of Suffolk, of y* 
Massachusetts Colony in New England, practitioner in physick and aged 
about 61 years, being through God's goodness of sound judgment and 
memory, yet weak in body and expecting my great change quickly, do 
constitute and ordain this my last Will and Testament as followeth, viz: 

Imprim. That after my decease my body shall be with decent buryal 
interred, at y^ discretion of my executors and that all my just debts and 
funerall expenses shall duly and Seasonably paid. 

Item. I give unto my dear and loving Wife Mary, the summe of one 
hundred pounds of currant mony of New England as I promised upon 
marriage with her and which is now in her hand. Also I do give unto my 
said Wife during her life the use of y^ part of my housing and lands in 
Dedham in y® county aforesaid, which are served in my son Jonathan's 
deed, and the use of halfe my Island meadow, reserved in my son Robert's 
deed, together with the use of a bed and furniture. 

Item. I do give and bequeathe to my daughter Mary Tisdale, one 
hundred pounds in mony or goods at mony price to be paid within three 
years after my decease, and my will is y* what she hath already received 
shall be reckoned as part of it. 

It. I give and bequeath to my two sons-in-law, William Sumner and 
Benjamin Dyer, twenty pounds apiece, accounting that which each of 
them hath received already as a part of this legacy to them. And further 
my will is, that in case my share in certain mines shall prove profitable, 
then yy shall have twenty pounds apiece more paid them by my Executors 
at and upon y^ advice of my overseers yy judging them to be so profitable 
as y* there is reason for the same. 

It. My Will is y* my son Jonathan shall have my two Stills, all my 
Physick books and instruments, he allowing twenty pounds to my Ex- 
ecutors for y^ same. 

It. Concerning my part in several mines my Will is, that after all 
necessary charges laid out or to be laid out upon them be equally satis- 
fyed, then the profit or income of them, while my wife lives, shall be 
divided to her and to my four children, William, Robert and Jonathan 
Avery and Mary Tisdale, and after my wife's decease shall be divided 
among my said children; and my Will is, that in all these divisions my 
son William shall have a double share and the rest each of them, a single 
share or equal share. Further, my Will is, that a third part of all the 
profit y* shall arise to any and all my children from the said mines shall 
be improved for publick and charitable uses according to their own dis- 
cretion. And my Will is, that it shall remain with them from time to 
time, their heirs or successors, that all necessary charges deducted, a 

third part of y® profit of y® mine aforesaid, shall be for publick and char- 
itable use. It. I do nominate and appoint my three sons, William, 
Robert and Jonathan, Executors of this my last Will and Testament. 
And do will y* what I have already given them, by deeds or otherwise 
shall be reckoned as their several portions. Only my Will is y* in case 
there shall be any estate remaining after all debts and legacies above be- 
queathed be paid, then my son William shall have thirty pounds more to 
make him up a double share. And, if afterward there be anything re- 
maining, it shall be equally divided among my four children. Finally, I 
do nominate and request my worthy friends Mr. John Wilson of Medfield 
and Mr. William Adams of Dedham, to be my overseers to give advice 
and their help to my Executors as yy shall need in reference to this my last 
Will and I do appoint, y* yy shall have each of them fourty shillings paid 
them by my executors, within three months after my decease, besides, 
honest satisfaction for any necessary labor may be expended by them 

And in testimony of my ordaining and constituting this my last Will 
and Testament. I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fifteenth day 
of October, in y® year of our Lord, one thousand six hundred and eighty 

Signed and sealed 
in presence of us 
Samuel lane 

Samuel Fearrin. William Avery [seal] 

Sealed Published and confirmed by Mr. William Avery to be his last 
Will and Testament the 13*^ of March, 1686/7 i" the presence of us 

William Haberfild, 
John Higgs, 
James Woodmansey 



TJOBERT AVERY^ second son of Dr. William Avery^ and 
-*-^ Margaret Avery, was baptized in Barkham, Berks, Eng- 
land, December y*^ 1649, and was brought to America by his 
parents and settled in the town of Dedham. Married, 1676, Eliza- 
beth Lane, of Maiden, Mass., daughter of Job and Sarah Boyce 
Lane. He died, Dedham, October 3"^^ 1722. She died, Dedham, 
October 2i«S 1746. 


I Elizabeth^ born December 21^*, 1677, Dedham. Married, August 
6*^ 1697, William Bullard, of Dedham, born May ig^^, 1673. She died 
January 28*^ 1746-7. He died February g^^, 1746-7. They had five 

II Rachel^ born September 7**", 1679, Dedham. Married, May 14**^, 
1702, Michael Dwight, born 1679, of Dedham. She died 1775. He died 
1761. They had six children. 

III Robert^ born November 28*^ 1681, Dedham, died August 2l«*, 

IV John^ born February 4*'', 1685-6, Dedham (Harvard, 1706). 
Married, November 23'''^, 1710, Ruth Little, of Marshfield, Mass., born 
November 23''^ 1686. He died April 23''"^, 1754. She died October i«*, 
1732. They had ten children. See forward. 

V Jonathan^ born January 20*'', 1694-5, Dedham. Married, 
February i^*, 1721-2, Lydia Healy. They had eight children. 

VI Abigail^, born May 8*^ 1699, Dedham. Married, June 5*'S 1722, 
John Richards. They had six children. 

Elizabeth (Lane) Avery, died October 21^*, 1746, leaving five 
children, thirty grandchildren, and fifty-two great grandchildren, 
and two great, great grandchildren. Her tombstone reads as 

follows : 

"Here lyes Buried y® Body 

of Mrs. Elizabeth Avery 

Widow of Ensign Robert 

Avery. She died Oct 

ye 2ist A £) 17^5 

in y® 91^* year of 
her age." 


His stone in Dedham cemetery is inscribed thus: 

"Here Lyes Buried y^ Body of Ensigne Robert Avery, who Dec<^ Oct. 
ye ^^th j^22 in y® 73*^ year of his age." 

The inventory of Robert Avery's estate was as follows: 

Personal, £189 18 11 

Real 36 acres, 1 

4 do., > 

and saw mill divided, J 163 

£352 18 

Inventory of personal estate of Robert Avery^ taken December 
27, 1722. 

Smith's tools, Anvill, Vice, Grindstone and crank, Great Seal Beam, 
three great hammers, a number of tongs, shears, 3 small hammers, Man- 
drill old tools Bellows. £22.15. 

Cattel — 2 Oxen, a mare, 2 HefFers coming 4 years old, 2 more coming 
3 years, 5 cows, 2 young hefF, a sow, a pigg, 12 piggs. £54.10.0. 

Michael Dwight, his son-in-law, was administrator of the 

Robert Avery^ in his deed of gift of most of his property to his 
eldest son Robert^ mentions "two parcels of Land both lying 
within the township of Dedham — one parcel contains eighteen 
acres," etc., "bounded upon the swamp commonly called the 
Dead swamp towards the South," etc. 

"The other contains fourteen acres and a half," etc., etc., "and 
is bounded w*^ land of Benjamin Onion towards the South; land 
of said Robert Avery, Jr., East and West; and with the church 
land and land of Joseph Wight towards the North, or however 
otherwise bounded," etc., etc. The deed, from which the above 
are only extracts, bears date (Feb. 13 ^^ 171 2/3) "thirteenth day 
of February, Anno Domini 1712, in the tenth year of the Reign of 
our Sovereign Lady Ann, of Great Britain, Queen." 



JOHN AVERY^* second son of Robert Avery^ and Elizabeth 
*^ (Lane) Avery, was born in Dedham, Mass., February 4*^, 
1685-6. Married, November 2y^, 1710, Ruth Little, born, 
Marshfield, Mass., November 23'''^, 1686, eldest daughter of 
Ephraim and Mary (Sturtevant) Little and great-granddaughter 
of Richard Warren who came in the Mayflower, November 11*'', 
1620. He died April 23""^, 1754.! She died October i«*, 1732. 
See page 134, Richard Warren and Family. 


I John% born August 24*^ 171 1, Truro, Mass. (Harvard, 173 1). 
Married, June 13*^ 1734, Mary Deming, of Boston. Born 1706. He 
died March 31^*, 1796. She died December 2'^'^, 1763. They had six 

H Ephraim^ born April 22^*^, 1713, Truro (Harvard, 173 1). Mar- 
ried, September 21^*, 1738, Deborah Lothrop, of Pomfret, Conn., born 
January 9*^, 1716-17. He died October 20**^, 1754.! She died October 
14*^,1777. They had nine children. See forward. 

HI Ruth^ born July 26*^ 1715, Truro. Married September 6*^ 
1733, Rev. Jonathan Parker, of Plympton, Mass., born 1705. She died 
May l7*^ 1745. He died April 24*^ 1776. They had five children. 

IV Elizabeth^ born March 5*'', 1716-17, Truro. Married John 
Draper, of Boston. They had one child. 

V Robert^ born May 26"^, 1719, Truro. Married Anna Cushman. 
He died 1775 (letters of administration granted September 13**^, 1775). 
"Killed in battle at sea." They had eight children. 

* John Avery^ married, July 3'''^, 1733, for his second wife, Ruth, third daughter 
of Samuel and Mercy (Freeman) Knowles, of Eastham, granddaughter of Hon. 
John Freeman, and great-granddaughter of Gov. Prince. Hence his second wife, 
as his first, was of Pilgrim stock. She was born November, 1694. Died November 
i^S 1745. He married, third, June 24*^, 1748, Mrs. Mar>' Rotch, widow of William 
Rotch, of Provincetown and Boston. 

t It is a singular fact that father, son, and grandson all died the same year. 
Rev. John Avery^ died in Truro, Mass., April 23'''^, 1754, aged 69. Rev. Ephraim 
Avery' died in Brooklyn, Conn., October 20^^, 1754, aged 41, and Septimus 
Avery^ died October 10*^, 1754, aged 5 years. 


VI Job'', born April 6*^ 1721, Truro. Died May 9*'*, 1722. 

VII Job^, born January 14*^, 1722-3, Truro. Married, December 
30*^, 1742, Jane Thatcher, of Eastham, Mass. He died January 2^\ 
1785. She died November 8*\ 1812, Natick, Mass. They had nine 

VIII Mary% born January 19*^ 1724-5, Truro. Married Mr. 

IX AbigaiF, born June i^*, 1727, Truro. Married, May 28*'', 1745, 
Elisha Lothrop of Norwich, Conn., brother of Rev. Ephraim Avery's'^ 
wife. They had six children. 

X Ann^ bom July 6*^, 1729, Truro. Died August 25*'', 1747. 


By the Will of God, Amen, the eighteenth day of January, in the year 
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and forty-four, I, John Avery 
of Truro, in the County of Barnstable, in the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, in New England, Clerk, being in a weak and low condition 
as to bodily health, yet thanks be to God, for that measure of under- 
standing and memory that I yet enjoy, therefore calling to mind what 
the servant of God says; Job 30: 23 — I know that thou wilt bring me to 
Death, and to the house appointed for all Living. I think it therefore 
proper for me to settle the affairs of my body and soul, that when my 
great change cometh, I may have only this to say, viz., to resign my soul 
into the hands of God, whose I am, and with whom I Desire to dwell 
forever. I do therefore make and ordain this my Last Will and Testament, 
that is to say. In the first place I give and recommend my Immortal Soul 
into the hands of the Great God, my Creator and Redeemer, hoping 
through the Active and Passive Obedience of Christ my Redeemer, to 
Obtain forgiveness of all my sins, the Justification of my person, and an 
Inheritance among them that are sanctified by the Holy Spirit; and as 
to my body I desire it may be decently buried at the discretion of my 
Executors, hereafter named, to remain in the dust till the General Resur- 
rection, at which time, I believe it will be seminally raised again by the 
Mighty Power of God and through Grace appear like unto Christ's 
glorious body; and as to my lawful heirs of the Worldly Estate with 
which God has been pleased to favor me with on Earth, My Will is that 
my beloved wife Mary Avery still wait upon God (as I hope she hath 
long done) to order all things for her who hath always been the Widow's 
God, as well as Judge in his holy habitation; Psal: 68, 5; and as to my 
beloved children my will is that they take care above all things to get 

* "April 17*^, 1749, gave leave to Barnabas Paine and Job Avery, to open the 
hedge by the old Try Yard, on the southerly part of the Indian Neck." Mr. Avery 
was a member of the Board of Selectmen, 1763 to 1766, and town clerk and treasurer 
from 1767 to 1770. 

He witnessed his father's signature (Rev. John Avery^) November i^', 1739, to 
a gift of land to his brother Ephraim.^ 


ready for a dying day; that they don't cumber themselves so about 
worldly things, as to neglect the better part, but Labour to get durable 
Riches and Righteousness, so that they may upon good ground be able 
to apply that word of Comfort to themselves in Psalm 27-10, When my 
Father and my Mother forsake me then the Lord will take me up. And 
as to my Worldly Estate my will is that all those debts and duties as I 
do owe in Right and Conscience to any person whatsoever, be well satis- 
fied and paid in convenient time, after my decease, by my Executors 
hereafter named, and as to the Remainder of My Estate after Debts and 
funeral Charges paid, I give and bequeath as followeth; In the first place 
I give and bequeath to my well beloved wife Mary Avery, (over and 
above what she is to have out of my Estate by my agreement with her 
before marriage) the use and Improvement of my westerly bedroom and 
my Study appertaining thereto and the use and Improvement of my 
Woodland on the Easterly side of the Highway that leads from Neighbor 
Eldreds to the Meeting-house in said Truro, these privileges for her so 
long as she Continues to be my Relict or Widow, and shall think fit. 

^ndiy J giyg 3nd bequeath to my beloved son John Avery, to him, 
his heirs, and assigns forever, my Silver Tankard, and forty-three pounds 
sixteen and eight-pence lawful money, which he has already received, as 
may appear by a note, under his hand, to him, his heirs and assigns for- 
ever, said Note of hand in Old Tennor is three hundred twenty-eight 
pounds fifteen shills: and 4d. 

^rdiy J giyg 2j^(j bequeath unto my beloved son Ephraim Avery the 
note of hand he gave me before the year 1739, and also all the money he 
has received of me, to him, his heirs and assigns forever. 

4*^'y. I Give and bequeath to the children of my beloved daughter 
Ruth Parker, deceased namely, Ruth Bishop, Jonathan Parker, and 
Avery Parker, all the Goods and household stuff together with my Negro 
Girl named Phillis, all which their mother received of me in her life time, 
to them, their heirs and assigns forever, to be equally divided among 

^thiy_ J give and bequeath to my well beloved daughter Elizabeth 
Draper, all the goods and household stuff she hath already received to- 
gether with my Indian girl Sarah, who now lives with her, to her, her 
heirs and assigns forever. 

gthiy Jq j^y 50j^ Robert Avery I have already given by deed of Gift 
my interest in the Town of Lebanon in the Colony of Connecticut. 

^thiy Yo my son Job Avery I have already given by deed of Gift my 
Lands in this Town of Truro my Dwelling-house and buildings apper- 
taining thereto, my Pew in the meeting-house, as also my young negro 
man named Lamed, nevertheless it is my will that my son Job take care 
to make out to Mary, my beloved wife, the Priviledges expressed to her 
in this my last Will and Testament. 

gthiy, I give and bequeath to my well beloved Daughter Mary West, 
forty pounds lawful money which she hath already received; and my will 
is that Six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence lawful money to be 

paid to her out of my personal estate, to her, her heirs and assigns for- 

gthiy_ I give and bequeath unto my well beloved Daughter Abagail 
Lothrop, forty pounds lawful money which she hath already received, 
and six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence, to be paid to her out of 
my personal Estate, to her, her heirs and assigns forever. 

Finally. And all the remainder of My Personal Estate I Do give to 
my children above named, to be divided into nine shares, and my will is 
that my son John Avery have two shares, and that the children of my 
daughter Ruth Parker* (deceased) have one share in unequal partner- 
ship among them, namely, that my Grandson Jonathan Parker (who has 
an impediment in his sight) receive one half of said Share, and that my 
other two grand-children, namely Ruth Bishop and Avery Parker, re- 
ceive the other half share, equally between them, and my other six shares 
to my other children, above named, in Equal Divisions. Moreover I do 
constitute and appoint my well-beloved sons John Avery and Job Avery, 
to be my Executors of this my last Will and Testament, and hereby do 
utterly disallow, revoke, and disannul all and every other former Test'mts 
or Wills, and bequests and Executors by me in any ways before this time 
named, willed and bequeathed. Ratifying and confirming this and no 
other, to be my last will and Testament. 

In Witness thereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this Day 
and year above Written. 

Signed, sealed, published pro- Further it is My Will that 

nounced and declared by the said my two negroes Jack and Hope 

John Avery, as his last Will and have the Liberty to choose their 

Testament, in presence of us the Master among all my children. 

Subscribers. and they with whom they choose 

Samuel Eldredg, to live, give nothing for them, 

Moses Paine, and that they shall not be sold 

Nathaniel Breed, from my children to any person 

Barzillah Smith. whatsoever, and this was added 

before I signed this Will and 


[seal] John Avery. 

The "Inventory & Appraisements of sundries belonging to 
the Estate of the Rev. John Avery (taken at Truro,) May 3''^, 
1754 in Probate Office, Barnstable," discloses that the total 

* Extract from the will of Dorothy Parker of Mildenhall, England, dated 
October 10**^, 1649, proved April, 1650. "... he will bestow what remains at 
his death, thereof, upon the children of my daughter Sarah Baylie & Elizabeth 
Avery." "For the one hundred pounds due to me from my son Avery, for which 
his house was mortgaged, I bestow it upon my daughter Avery & her children 
To my son-in-law Timothy Avery, &c." IVater's Genealogical Gleanings in Eng- 
land, p. 7. Possibly this Dorothy Parker may have been some distant family 

[ 29 ] 

valuation was £148-5-2, of which oxen, cows, steers, and heifers 
were itemized at £19-14-8; library, £13-1-4; silver spoons, tea- 
spoons, porringers, buttons, buckles and broken silver, £11-11-10; 
feather beds, bedsteads, curtains, coverlids, rugs, etc., £17. 

"The place where the Pilgrims encamped the first night, Wednesday, 
November I5*\ 1620, was known as Pawmet, named by the Indians. 
A settlement was commenced here about 1700. 

"It was allowed municipal privileges, October 29*'', 1705, and was then 
called Dangerfield. July 16*'^, 1709, it was incorporated by the name of 
Truro, the present name, making it, at that time, the seventh township 
on the Cape." History of Cape Cod, Vol. II, p. 535. 

The following is the original Act of Incorporation of the 


Province of the Massachusetts Bay, SS. An act for making Pawmet 
a District of Eastham, within the County of Barnstable, a township to 
be called Truro. 

Whereas, there is a certain tract of land known by the name of Paw- 
met, at present a District of Eastham, and under the constablerick of 
that town, consisting of about forty families, and daily increasing — the 
said land extending about fourteen miles in length from the Province 
lands at the extremity of Cape Cod reserved for the Fishery, and the 
lands of Eastham on the South, and running northerly as far as the lands 
called the Purchaser's lands, extends over the harbor named tRe Eastern 
harbor; according to the known stated boundaries thereof — the breadth 
thereof running from sea to sea across the neck of land commonly called 
Cape Cod. And whereas the inhabitants of said district by their humble 
petition have set forth that they have built a convenient house to meet 
in for the public worship of God, and have for some time had a minister 
among them; humbly praying that they may be made a township, and 
have such necessary officers within themselves, whereby they may be 
enabled to manage and carry on their civil and religious concerns and 
enjoy the like powers and privileges as other towns in this Province have 
and do by law enjoy. Be it therefore enacted, by his Excellency the Gov- 
ernor, Council and Representatives in General Court assembled, and by 
the authority of the same, that the tract of land called Pawmet, described 
and bounded as before expressed, be and hereby is erected into a town- 
ship and made a distinct and separate town, and shall be called by the 
name of Truro, and that the inhabitants thereof have use, exercise, and 
enjoy all the powers and privileges by law granted to townships within 
this Province; and the constable of the said place, for the time being, is 
hereby empowered and required to warn the inhabitants to assemble and 
meet together to choose selectmen and other town officers to manage and 

carry on their prudential affairs until the next anniversary time for elec- 
tion of town officers, and the said inhabitants are enjoined to assemble 
and attend the said work accordingly. 

Provided, that the inhabitants of the said town do procure and settle a 
learned orthodox minister to dispense the word of God to them, within 
the space of three years next after the passing of this act or sooner. 

Provided also, that they pay their proportion to the present province 
tax, as it is apportioned among them respectively by the selectmen or 
assessors of Eastham. 

Boston, July i6*\ 1709- This bill having been read three several 
times in the House of Representatives, passed to be enacted. 

John Clark, Speaker. 

District, — This Bill having been read three several times in Councils, 
passed to be enacted. 

IsA. Addington, Sec'y. 

By his Excellency the Governor, I consent to the enacting of this Bill. 

J. Dudley. 

It will be seen in the Act of the Incorporation of Truro, refer- 
ence is made to having a place of worship, and having had for 
some time a minister among them. 

Rev. Mr. John Avery was the first minister settled there. His 
name is first mentioned in this connection as follows: 

"At a meeting of the inhabitants of town of Truro, February i^i^^, 
1709, in order to take care about a' settlement of y^ public worship of 
God amongst them, it was unanimously agreed upon and voted to invite 
Mr. John Avery (who had for some considerable time been employed in 
the work of the ministry among them) to tarry with and settle amongst 
them in said work of ministrie, and for his encouragement and support 
in said work it was also agreed upon and unanimously voted to offer him 
sixty pounds per annum, and twenty pounds towards his building when 
he shall see cause to build himself a dwelling in the said town, and a com- 
mittee was chosen to inform Mr. Avery of the town's desire and offer in 
the matter, who accordingly forthwith went and delivered their message 
to the aforesaid Mr. Avery, who gave good encouragement of his accept- 
ance, but left the result till he had advised with his friends. 

Attest, Tho: Paine, Clerk." 


"At a meeting of the proprietors of Truro, convened and held at Truro, 
May 8*"^, 1710, it was agreed by said proprietors, that if Mr. John Avery 
shall proceed to the now proposed agreement of the inhabitants into an 


orderly and regular settlement and ordination in the work of the Gospel, 
and shall so continue for the space of ten years next ensuing, after settle- 
ment and ordination, he shall have five and thirty acres of land at Tash- 
muit alias Clay Pounds. Tho: Paine." 

It was voted at the same meeting that there should be an ad- 
dition made to the thirty-four acres of meadow at Tashmuit, 
formerly laid out for the minister who should settle among them 
in the work of the ministry. 

It was also voted — same date — "to give to the first settled 
minister in the town of Truro, six acres of land on the north- 
easterly side of East Harbor;" and "four more acres to make up 
ten acres, which is reserved to be given to Mr. John Avery pro- 
vided he settle in the work of the ministry." 

Three weeks later, at a meeting of the inhabitants Mr. Avery 
accepted the call and a committee was chosen to draw up the 
following agreement: 


Whereas, The inhabitants of the town of Truro did, at a meeting of 
said town convened and held at Truro, February 22,^^, 1710-11, by unani- 
mous vote, call and invite Mr. John Avery to a settlement in the work 
of the Gospel Ministry among them; and for his support and encourage- 
ment in said work, did offer him sixty pounds a year salary, and twenty 
pounds toward his building, when he shall see cause to build him a dwell- 
ing-house in said town, and sent by a Committee to inform the said Mr. 
John Avery of their desire and offer in that matter, as by a record of said 
town, bearing date February 23'''*, 1710, may more fully appear; but the 
said Mr. John Avery deferred his answer until another meeting of said 
town convened and held for that purpose, May 29**^, 1710, where said 
town did again show by unanimous vote, their earnest desire of the said 
Mr. Avery's settlement among them in the work of the Gospel Ministry; 
and the said Mr. Avery being then present, did accept of said call: Where- 
upon said town chose Thomas Mulford, John Snow, and Thomas Paine, 
a Committee in the name and behalf of the town of Truro, to make a full 
arrangement with the aforesaid Mr. John Avery pursuant to their vote at 
their meeting, February 23'"'^, 1710, as by the record of said town, dated 
May 29t^ 1710, may more fully appear PURSUANT WHEREUNTO. 

June 21^*, 1710, the aforesaid Mr. John Avery, for himself and the 
above named Committee, in the name and behalf of the town of Truro 
agreed as followeth: that is to say, the above named Mr. John Avery 
doth agree for himself that he will, God assisting him thereto, settle in the 
work of the Ministry in the said town of Truro; and the above named 

Thomas Mulford, John Snow, Thomas Paine, in the name and behalf of 
the aforesaid town of Truro, do agree with the said Mr. John Avery to 
allow him for a yearly salary during the time of his continuance in the 
work of the ministry, in the aforesaid town of Truro, sixty pounds per 
annum in money as it shall pass from man to man in common dealings 
(or in other merchantable pay as it shall pass with the merchant in com- 
mon traffic) at or upon the twenty-ninth day of March annually; and 
twenty pounds of like money toward his building, to be added to his 
salary, on that year, that he, the said Mr. Avery, shall see cause to build 
himself a dwelling-house in the town of Truro, aforesaid. In witness 
whereof, the above named Mr. John Avery for himself, and the above 
named Committee, in the name and behalf of the town of Truro, have 
hereunto set their hands. 


Committee, \ THOMAS MULFORD, 

"June 27*^ 1710." 

"August I3*\ 171 1> the town granted ten pounds to defray the ex- 
penses of entertainment of elders, messengers, scholars and gentlemen, 
at Mr. Avery's ordination, and Lt. Constant Freeman, Hez. Purington 
and Thomas Paine were appointed to superintend the arrangements, and 
agree with a meet person to provide. It was also ordered that Mr. 
Thomas Paine shall have three pounds to reimburse him for money spent 
in securing the Act of Incorporation, and the services of a minister." 

Mr. Avery v^as ordained November i^*, 171 1, as pastor of the 
First Church in Truro. 

The charge was given by Rev. Mr. Nathaniel Stone, of Har- 
w^ich; the right hand of fellowship by the Rev. Mr. Ephraim 
Little, of Plymouth (brother-in-law to Mr. Avery), who was pro- 
locutor; hands imposed by Mr. Little, Mr. Stone, and Mr. Joseph 
Metcalf, of Falmouth (who was also a family connection of Mr. 
Avery); the ordination sermon was preached by Mr. Avery, from 
"That text, 2d Cor. 2-16, who is sufficient for these things." It 
appears to have been the fashion for the learned orthodox min- 
isters to preach their own ordination sermons. 

The church of which Mr. Avery became pastor was an off- 
shoot from the Eastham church, and was organized November i^*, 
171 1, the day of Mr. Avery's ordination, with seven male members 
beside the pastor. The first admitted to the church was Ruth 
Avery, wife of the pastor; and the first baptism was that of John, 

son of the pastor, November ii*^ of the same year, being at that 
time three months old. 

The first reference to the meeting-house is in the Act of In- 
corporation, July i6*^, 1709. And the next is: "May 29*^ 1710, 
it was agreed upon by said town, that the town-treasurer should 
as soon as he can with conveniency, buy a cushion for the pulpit 
in the meeting-house, and an hour glass, and a box to put them in, 
and to pay for them out of the Town Treasury, and the selectmen 
are hereby ordered to add to the next town rate so much as they 
shall come to." 

The third reference is nearly two years later, February 12*'' 
and 13 *S when a road was laid out from the northeast corner of 
the meeting-house, to go near northeast through the woods and 
to come into the road that led through Tashmuit neighborhood 
where Rev. Mr. Avery resided. 

"At a meeting May 22°^, 1713, voted that the selectmen should take 
care to have a convenient piece of ground cleared on the north side of 
the meeting-house in Truro, for a burying place, and the charge be paid 
out of the Town Treasury." 

The following is the last reference to the first Truro meeting- 

"At a meeting convened and held for the choice of town officers and 
other business notified in the warning for said meeting in March 23"^, 
1719, said town granted liberty to Nathaniel Atkins, Thomas Smith and 
Jeremiah Bickford, and such others as shall go in with them, to build 
upon their own cost and charge, three galleries in the meeting-house, in 
said town, over the old galleries, and for so doing to be admitted to the 
same privilege in the whole house with the first builders. 

Witness, Tho: Paine, Clerk for the time." 

Thus it will be seen by these references, that "a meeting-house 
was built as early as 1709, and was situated south-west of Tash- 
muit (which proves the original locality) and that the grave-yard 
was on the north side. That in 1713 (which is the earliest date 
found on any grave-stones in the yard) it was cleared and pre- 
pared for making interments, and that in 1719 the congregations 
had so increased as to deem it necessary to build more new gal- 
leries." It is evident then that this church was the one in which 


Mr. Avery was ordained. The next year, 1720, they agreed to 
build a new meeting-house, to be "twenty-two feet in the height 
of the walls and forty feet in length and thirty-six feet in breadth," 
for which object the town appropriated three hundred and fifty 
pounds, the "house to be built and finished within the space of 
one year next ensuing." No reference is made to the site of the 
new building, which is conclusive evidence that it was built on 
the original site. It stood for one hundred and nineteen years, a 
conspicuous landmark to mariners of Cape Cod. Mr. Rich, in 
his "History," says: "It stood near the south-west corner of the 
present graveyard, facing the south, according to the customs of 
those days. The heavy white-oak frame was cut on the spot, 
and when the old meeting-house was demolished in 1840, the 
timber was as sound as when raised." August 14**^, 1721, the 
town voted to sell the sites for pews in the new meeting-house; 
also voted "liberty to Mr. John Avery to build a pew in the new 
house on the left hand of the going up of the pulpit stairs." When 
this house was taken down, the Congregationalists and Metho- 
dists residing at North Truro, then more familiarly known as 
Pond Village, united in building a house of worship there, the 
pulpit to be supplied alternately by a Congregationalist and a 
Methodist pastor, and the official board to be composed equally 
of members from the two societies. It received the name of 
Christian Union Church. The communion service was pre- 
sented to the church by Mrs. Ruth Avery, wife of the pastor. 

On the handles of the tankards, which are of pewter, is in- 
scribed: "Ruth Avery to Truro C^*^, 1721." The cups, which are 
of solid silver, are inscribed: "This belongs to y^ Church in Truro, 
1730." The pewter plates are very large, thirteen inches in 
diameter, and heavy, bearing the stamp of "W. Ellwood, Lon- 
don," but no date. 

Mr. Avery's salary as a preacher was sixty pounds a year; 
this, with land for farming, meadow, plenty of woodland — which 
has been known for over a century as the "Ministerial Woods" — 
together with his services as lawyer, doctor, and smith, must have 
yielded him a large income, considering the times in which he lived. 


In July, 1723, the town voted to add ten pounds to his salary, 
making it seventy pounds. 

Two years later (1725) they increased it to ninety pounds a 
year, and this continued to be his salary for the next five years. 

June 21^*, 1730, the town raised Mr. Avery's salary to one 
hundred pounds. 

Two years later Mr. Avery was called to mourn the loss of the 
wife of his youth and the mother of all his children. Rev. Ben- 
jamin Webb, of Eastham, preached the funeral sermon, which 
was afterward printed in Boston, in pamphlet form. The follow- 
ing is a copy of the title-page: 

The present Scope and future Gain 
of the Christian Life 


Delivered at Truro, October 8, 1732, 

Occasioned by the 'much lamented Death 

iMrs. Wittily Au^rg 

The "virtuous and pious Consort 


the Reverend 

Mr. Sloljn Au^rn 

Pastor of the Church of Christ there; 

Who deceased October 1, 1732 

In the 46*** year of her Age. 

By benjamin WEBB, M.A. 

And Pastor of the second Church of Christ 
in Eastham. 

PsAL. XXXVII : 37. Mark the perfect man and behold the Upright, 
for the end of that man is peace. 

Printed at Boston in New England 



In the year 1747, by a vote of the town, Mr. Avery's salary was 
raised to two hundred pounds old tenor; but owing to the depre- 
ciation in old tenor, the advance of his salary was more apparent 
than real. 

To better understand the value of old tenor, we quote a Sand- 
wich record from "Rich's History": 

"In 1749 it was voted in Sandwich to extend a call to Mr. Abraham 
Williams, at a yearly salary of 400 pounds O. T., or the payment in mill 
dollars of £2.5 per dollar. So in 1749, one hundred pounds were worth 
about ^44.00, or eleven per cent." 

During the winter of 1752 Mr. Avery began to feel somewhat the in- 
firmities of age, and it was thought advisable to procure some suitable 
minister to assist him in preaching the gospel. 

"A committee was chosen to converse with Mr. Avery respecting an 
assistant, and it was agreed to give him £10 old tenor for the present 
year, he giving up the right to the parsonage property, both wood and 

The months slipped by and still Mr. Avery was without an assistant. 
In those days, it is evident everything was settled after great deliberation. 
"July 30*^, 1753, it was agreed to give a call either to Mr. Charles Turner, 
Mr. Caleb Upham or Mr. Samuel Angier, to preach the gospel on pro- 

"August 13**^, 1753. Voted by the Church to give Mr. Charles Turner 
a call to the pastoral work." Also to give £80 per annum, either in money 
or merchantable pay as it shall pass with the merchant, in common traffic 
and the improvement of the parsonage lands, for the support and en- 
couragement of an orthodox minister regularly called and settled in the 
Gospel Ministry in this place, provided he allow Rev. Mr. Avery £13.68 
yearly from his salary." Rich's History. 

Rev. Mr. Avery was failing in health, and April 23'''^, 1754, he 
died of paralysis after an uninterrupted ministry of forty-four years. 

As he was born February 4*^ 1685-6, baptized April 27*^ 1686, 
by the Rev. Mr. Danforth of Dorchester, and graduated from Har- 
vard College in 1706, he could not have been more than twenty- 
two years old when he first went to North Truro. It must have, 
been earUer than February 23'''^, 1709, as his name first appears 
then, at a town meeting held upon that day. 

On November 23'''^, 1710, he married his first wife, Ruth Little, 
of Marshfield, Mass., great granddaughter of Richard Warren, 
who came in the Mayflower, 1620. 

Their first child, John Avery', born August 24*^ 171 1, was the 
first child baptized in his father's church, November 11*^, 171 1. 

This John Avery' and his brother Ephraim', born April 22'''^, 
1713, graduated the same year, 173 1, from their father's college, 
Harvard. Twenty-four years after the ordination of the Rev. 
John Avery^ as pastor of the Truro Church, he preached, Sep- 
tember 24*^ 1735, the ordination sermon for his son Ephraim', 
the first minister settled in Brooklyn, Conn. 


Know all men by these Presents that, I, John Avery of Truro in the 
County of Barnstable in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England, Clerk, for Divers good causes me thereunto moving but more 
especially for the love I bear to my son, Ephraim Avery of Pomfret in the 
County of Windham in the Colony of Connecticut in New England, 
Clerk, do hereby Quit Claim and Release unto my said son his Heirs and 
assigns forever, all my right, Title and Interest in and unto a Certain 
Tract and Parcel of Land which I have a Right too in the Town of Ash- 
ford in said County of Windham by Vertue of a Deed of Sale under the 
Hand and Seal of Isaac Pierce (?) of Eastham in said County of Barn- 
stable; which said Deed is Recorded in said town of Ashford that is to 
say all my right which I ought to have by said Pierce (?) Deed except 
two pieces of land which I have already taken up by vertue of said 
Pierce(?) Right and is Recorded to me in Records of said Ashford all the 
Remainder of said Right I do here by Quit Claim and Release unto my 
said son. To Have and Hold to Him the said Ephraim Avery his Heirs 
and Assigns forever and in Confirmation of the Premises, I, the said 
John Avery, do for myself, my Heirs, Executors and Administ""^ hereby 
Engage to stand by and Defend my said son, his Heirs and Assigns in 
the Quiet and Peaceable Possession of my said Right as abovesaid from 
all Lawfull Claims and demands whatsoever from all Persons by and 
under me. 

In Testimony whereto I do hereby set my hand and Seal this first day 
of November anno Domini 1739 and in the twelfth year of George by the 
Grace of God of Great Britain King, etc. 
Signed, Sealed and 
Delivered in Presence of 

Job Avery John Avery [seal] 

On the back of the foregoing deed is endorsed the following in 
the handwriting of Rev. Ephraim Avery': 

"By virtue of this Deed I got 300 acres of land laid out and Recorded 
and sold to y^ Rev. Jacob Eliot of Lebanon, but found afterwards that 
about 100 acres of it was laid upon another man's Lot and accordingly I 
satisfied him y^ said Eliot for it and he by an Instrument acquitted me 
from warranting of it, which is Recorded in Ashford, after this I sold the 
Remainder of my Right and gave a Deed of Quit Claim of it to John 
Bugbee of Woodstock w"^^ was Dated January 24.^^, 1748/9. 

(Signed) Eph™ Avery." 

Job Avery^ was the son of the Rev. John Avery and when he 
witnessed his father's signature was but seventeen years of age. 
The original deed, written on parchment, in very fine handwrit- 
ing, was presented to the Dedham Historical Society, Dedham, 
Mass., by Mr. Walter T. Avery^'' (Columbia, 1832), only son of 
John Smith Avery^ who was grandson of Rev. Ephraim Avery^, 
and is the only known specimen of the Rev. John Avery's hand- 
writing in existence. 



rpPHRAIM AVERY7, second son of Rev. John Avery« and 
■^-^ Ruth (Little) Avery, was born in Truro, Mass., April 22°^, 
1713. Married, September 21^*, 1738, Deborah, daughter of 
Samuel and Deborah (Crow) Lothrop, of Pomfret, Conn., born 
January 9*^ 1716-17. He died October 20*^, 1754. She died 
October 14*^ 1777. 


I JohnS born July 14*^ 1739, Brooklyn, Conn. (Yale, 1761*). Mar- 
ried, June 26***, 1769, Ruth Smith of Brooklyn, Conn., born May s*\ 
1741. He died August 20*"^, 1779. She died October 4*^ 1779. They 
had three children. 

H Ephraim', born April 13*^^, 1741, Brooklyn, Conn. (Yale, 1761*). 
Married Hannah Piatt. He died November s^^, 1776. She died May 13*^ 
1776. They had six children. See forward. 

HI Samuel^ born April 13*^ 1741, Brooklyn, Conn. Died soon 
(twin brother of Ephraim). 

IV Samuel*, born November 7*^, 1742, Brooklyn, Conn. Married, 
September 27*^ 1784, Mrs. Mary Roach (Fillis) Achincloss, born March 
27***, 1760. He died January 30**^, 1836, Halifax, Nova Scotia. She 
died August 25*^^, 1848. They had ten children. 

V Elisha*, born December 3'^'*, 1744, Brooklyn, Conn. Married 
Eunice Putnam. He died January 4*\ 1782, Boston, Mass. She died (?). 
They had one child. 

VI Elizabeth^ born December 5**^, 1746, Brooklyn, Conn. Married, 
May, 1777 (?), Rev. Aaron Putnam of Reading, born 1733 (Harvard, 
1752). She died December 7*^ 1835, Cherry Valley, N. Y. He died 
1813, Pomfret, Conn. They had five children. (Rev. Aaron Putnam 
was second cousin to Gen. Israel Putnam, who married the widow of Rev. 
Ephraim Avery^.) 

VII Septimus^ born July 21^*, 1749, Brooklyn, Conn. Died October 

* By a singular coincidence, John^ and Ephraim^ the two eldest sons of Rev. 
John^ of Truro, were graduates from Harvard in 173 1. And John^ and Ephraim', 
the two eldest sons of Rev. Ephraim Avery^, of Brooklyn, Conn., from Yale in 


VIII Deborah^, born July s*'*, 1751, Brooklyn, Conn. Married, 
March 4**^, 1773, Joseph Baker, born December I7**', 1748. She died 
1777. He died (?). They had one child. 

IX Ruth^, born January I3*^ 1754, Brooklyn, Conn. Married John 
Brewster of Hampton. She died (.?). He died (.?). They had two 

Regarding Ephraim Avery's call to settle in the work of min- 
istry, we learn from Miss Larned's "History of Windham County, 

The church now (1734) encouraged the Westlake society in its re- 
newed efforts to seek for a minister, and pursuant to the advice of the 
ministry it succeeded in securing Mr. Ephraim Avery of Truro, Mass., 
then residing in Cambridge, who was graduated from Harvard, 1 73 1. 
The difficulties and differences now vanished and all parties were satis- 
fied with the gifts and abilities together with the conversation of the 
young candidate (in his 22nd year) and gladly united in calling him to 
settlement. Capt. Joseph Cleveland, Deacon Williams and Henry Cobb 
were appointed by the society to treat with Mr. Avery who in view of the 
fluctuations in currency then prevailing, agreed "To pay him yearly six 
pence upon the list of all the polls and ratable estate, until it amounts 
to one hundred and twenty pounds in money or bills of public credit 
to be fixed with respect to the following commodities viz: wheat, rye, 
Indian corn, beef, pork, sheep's wool or flax; or that the salary vary ac- 
cording as the price of them shall rise or fall from the present year. These 
terms being accepted by Mr. Avery the prices of the commodities were 
thus settled June 17*^, 1735: wheat ten shillings per bushel, rye-seven, 
Indian corn 5, beef 4 pence, flax is. wool 3 shillings, pork 6 pence half 

The church concurred with the call given by the society. The work 
on the Meeting-house was now hastened. It was voted to build a pulpit 
and have pews all around the house, only the place for the pulpit and the 
doors and the stairs excepted; some years passed before these were com- 

(The site of this Meeting-house in Brooklyn, Conn., was a few rods 
west of the present (1874) Cong, house of worship.) Meanwhile a body 
of seats was set up and the house made ready for the ordination of Mr. 
Avery (Wednesday) Sept. 24*^ 1735. All the neighboring ministers 
participated in the service on the occasion. The Rev. Mr. Coit of Plain- 
field gave the charge, Mr. Wadsworth the right hand of fellowship, Mr. 
Cabot the last prayer. The sermon was preached by the father of the 
young divine — Rev. John Avery of Truro, from 2 Tim. i c, 11 v — 
"Whereunto I am appointed a preacher and an apostle and teacher of 
the Gentiles." The ordination dinner was prepared at Mr. Jonathan 
Cady's, two miles westward over Blackzvell's Brook, which being still 


bridgeless was forded on this occasion by all of the ministers and mes- 
sengers. . . . The prosperity of the Parish was greatly checked by 
prevalent sickness and mortality. A pleuratic distemper in 1753 was 
followed in 1754 by a malignant dysentery especially fatal to children. 
Scarcely a family in Windham County escaped the scourge. ... In 
Brooklyn where it raged with great violence about seventy deaths were 
reported. ■ Rev. Mr. Ephraim Avery, still apparently the only medical 
practitioner in the vicinity, night and day ministered to the sick and 
dying till he was prostrated and overcame and fell a victim to the disease. 
The death of this excellent minister was greatly mourned. . . . He 
left a widow and seven children (his son Septimus having died October 
lO^^ only ten days before his father). 


Extracts from sermon at the funeral of Rev. Ephraim Avery: 


At Brooklyn in Pomfret, at the funeral of Rev. Ephraim Avery, 
October 22*^^, 1754, by Ebenezer Devotion, A.M. Printed by John 
Draper, Boston, 1755. 

Job XVII-13 — "The grave is mine house" 

Concerning him the Rev. Mr. Ephraim Avery, formerly of Truro, 
Mass., Pastor of this flock. 

"During the time of his public ministry which was the time of my 
very intimate acquaintance with him, he appeared with a peculiar lustre 
in the various relations of life which he sustained ... As to his 
natural endowments, he was calm, peaceable, patient, open hearted, free 
of access, sociable, hospitable, cheerful, but not vain, capable of un- 
shaken friendship — not a wit, but very judicious, not of the most ready 
and quick thought, but very penetrating, capable of viewing the rela- 
tion of things, comparing them and drawing just conclusions from them. 
In a word, the Author of Nature had dealt out with a liberal hand, to 
him, humanity and good sense. As to his acquirements in learning: he 
was esteemed of the best judges of his acquaintances, a good scholar, a 
good Divine and no small proficient in several of the liberal sciences. 

"In private life, he was a hearty, fast, undisguised friend, no less so in 
adversity than prosperity — not capable of dissembling friendship, equal 
and just to all. In his family he was the courteous, obliging, tender hus- 
band, the kind, provident and exemplary father. As a Christian, those 
who have been most intimately acquainted with him are witnesses of that 
humanity, temperance, sobrietj^ gravity, sincerity, openness, honesty, 
benevolence, and charity which have appeared in him. As a minister of 


Christ, he was an example to his flock. His preaching was judicious and 
pungent, well adapted to enlighten the understanding, convince the 
judgment and reform the life. It was his study and his care to feed his 
people with knowledge and understanding." 

It is a singular fact that father, son, and grandson all died the 
same year. Rev. John Avery^ died in Truro, Mass., April zy^, 
1754, aged 69. Rev. Ephraim Avery'' died in Brooklyn, Conn., 
October 20*'', 1754, aged 41, and Septimus Avery^ died October 
io*S 1754, aged 5 years. 

An inventory of the estate of Rev. Mr. Ephraim Avery, taken 
by the appraisers under oath, January 2^^^, 1755, shows him to 
have been worth £8,984, 8s. 8d. 

The following are a few extracts from the Inventory: — 

Case of Drawers 

& Desk & Dressing table 



Library £271. 2. 

8. Bed & furniture 





Wearing apparel 



Silver vessels 



2 Brass Kittles 



Horse taklin £3, 

Drags £43. Rakes 




House land and other buildings 



Wood Lott 



I yoak of oxen 



4 Cows 



2 Mairs & Colt 



I young horse 



4 Heiffers 



3 2 years old 



Mrs. Ephraim (Lothrop) Avery, who was left a widow October 
2o'\ i7S4j at the age of thirty-eight, with seven children, mar- 
ried, November 21^*, 1755, for her second husband, Mr. John 
Gardiner, 5th Proprietor of Gardiner's Island. The ceremony 
probably took place at the house o( his brother-in-law (her cousin). 
Dr. Joshua Lothrop (Mr. Gardiner's first wife having died the 
next day after Mrs. Avery's first husband). They had two chil- 
dren. She married, third. Col. Israel Putnam, June 3'^'^, 1767. 
On page 419 of Chandler's copy of "Pomfret Records" is found: 
"A marriage was solemnized between Col. Israel Putnam and 
Mrs. Deborah Gardiner, June y^ 3"^, 1767." Miss Earned, in her 

"History of Windham County," Vol. II, p. 6, says: "This mar- 
riage gave new dignity to his social position, bringing him into 
connection with many prominent families and with the eccle- 
siastical element so potent in Connecticut at this period. Mrs. 
Putnam had a large circle of friends and much social experience. 
Her husband was the most popular man of the day. Their hos- 
pitable home drew throngs of visitants. Every soldier passing 
through Windham County would go out of his way to call upon 
his beloved Colonel." Cutter, in his "Life of Putnam," says 
"his wife Deborah accompanied him in most of his campaigns till 
her death." On page 316 he says: "It was in the midst of these 
stirring scenes (1777) when burdened with public cares, that Gen. 
Putnam was called again to experience the heaviest of domestic 
afflictions in the loss of his wife. She died at his quarters about 
a week after his removal to Fishkill [and about ten days after 
the loss of Forts Montgomery and Clinton], and it is not im- 
probable that her death was hastened, if not caused by the ex- 
posure and fatigue incident to this sudden change." In recount- 
ing Putnam's evacuation of West Point and the cause, viz., his 
forces having been greatly reduced, and by a decision of a council 
of his officers that it would be impossible to maintain the post 
against superior numbers, Cutter says: "It was determined to re- 
tire with the troops to Fishkill, a Post twelve miles up the river 
and to commence immediately the removal of the stores." Gen. 
Putnam, in his letter to Gen. Washington, writes that his wife 
"died last Tuesday night" (which was October 14*^^, 1777), the 
letter being dated at Fishkill, October I6*^ 1777 (which was 


I am extremely sorry for the death of Mrs. Putnam, and sympathize 
with you upon the occasion. Remembering that all must die, and that 
she had lived to an honorable age, [her 61^* year] I hope you bear the 
misfortune with that fortitude and complacency of mind that become a 
man and a christian. I am Dear Sir with great esteem Yours &c 

Geo. Washington. 


Cutter says: "In the same dispatch which communicated these 
afflicting tidings to the Commander-in-Chief, Gen. Putnam an- 
nounced the surrender (capitulation signed October 14*'*, 1777, 
at 8 p. M,, as per Gov. Clinton's letter to Gen. Putnam, dated 
Albany, 15"^ October, 1777), of Burgoyne, and the retaking of 
Peekskill and the Highland passes on the east side of the river." 

Bolton in his "History of the Protestant Episcopal Church of 
Westchester County, N. Y.," says, "Mrs. Putnam [formerly Rev. 
Ephraim Avery's wife] died October 14*^ 1777, at the Highlands, 
North River, and was buried in Col. Beverly Robinson's family 

Gen. Putnam* died May 9*^ 1790. 

* See Samuel Putnam Avery, pp. 50, 51, 68. 




PHRAIM AVERYS second son of Ephraim Avery^ and 
Deborah (Lothrop) Avery, of Brooklyn, Conn., was born 

1762, Hannah Piatt,* born 1737. He died November 5*\ 1776. 
She died May 13 *\ 1776. — 


I Hannah Piatt*, born April I6*^ 1763, Newark, N. J. Married, 
Stephen Barritt. 

II Elizabeth Drape^^ born August 29*\ 1765, Rye, N. Y. Married, 
Mr. Church. She died December 15*'', 1799, West Indies. 

III John Williams born May 24*^, 1767, Rye, N. Y. Married, 
November i6*'S I793> Sarah Fairchild, of Stratford, Conn., born Feb- 
ruary 28*^ 1773. He died 1799. She died May 6^\ 1837. They 

had four children. See forward. 

IV Elisha LothropS born November 27*^ 1768, Rye, N. Y. 

V Joseph PlattS born March 24*^ 1771, Rye, N. Y. 

VI Deborah Putnam', born June I'S 1773, Rye, N. Y. 

Bolton, in his "History of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
Westchester County, N. Y.," says: — 

Soon after the Rev, Ephraim Avery^ left college, he went to New 
Jersey and taught school, at a place called Second River, in the town- 
ship of Newark. Rev. Isaac Brown, Newark, in his letters of October 
6*^ 1762, and April 6*^', 1763, writes, that Mr. Avery, a young gentle- 
man graduated from Yale College, has taken care of the school at Second 
River from December i'**, 1761. While there he turned his attention 
to theology, and was considered a very promising young man. He then 
went to England, and was ordained Deacon and Priest by Dr. Hinchman, 
Bishop of London, 1765, being well recommended by the clergy of New 
Jersey and others, and found worthy by the Lord Bishop of London, was 
appointed to the vacant mission of Rye, N. Y., by Gov. Cadwallader 
Colden, September 9*^ 1765, Rector of Grace Church of the Parish of 
Rye, including Mamaroneck and Bedford. 

* Baxter's Yale sketches. 

In 1767, Mr. Avery received the degree of Master of Arts from King's 
College, N. Y., a literary honor which he richly deserved. . . . 1774. 
Soon after this, the Clergy of the Church of England fell upon troublous 
times, which tried to the utmost the firmness of men. 

The Revolutionary War broke out, threatening an utter disruption 
of the ties which had so long bound the Colonies and the Mother country 
together. The relations of the Clergy with the latter, were of a more 
close and enduring character than those of almost any other class of 
men . . . they went on steadily with their duty in their sermons; 
without touching on politics, using their influence to allay political heats 
and cherish a spirit of loyalty among their people. This conduct, how- 
ever harmless, gave great offence. They were everywhere threatened, 
and often reviled, and sometimes treated with brutal violence. . . . 
At Rye, Mr. Avery was a principal sufferer. His horses were seized, 
his cattle driven off, and his property plundered. His death, supposed 
by some, to have been occasioned by these losses, happened soon after. 
The Society's Abstracts for 1776 say: "By a private letter received from 
Mr. Ingles, it appears that Mr. Avery was murdered in a most barbarous 
manner, on the fifth of last November, for refusing to pray for Congress, 
his throat having been cut and his body shot through and thrown in the 
public highway. . . . Tradition, however, reports that Mr. Avery 
was murdered by one Hains, an Irish Jesuit, who kept a private school 
which stood upon or near the site now (1855) occupied by a carriage shed, 
directly opposite the Church at Rye. It is said that frequent discussions 
on religious topics had taken place between them; on these occasions 
Mr. Avery was always observed to maintain his argument with great 
coolness and moderation, while his antagonist, who was of a violent 
temper, would betray the worst feelings. Under the garb of liberty, the 
murderer waylaid and shot the innocent and defenceless victim, cut his 
throat and dragged his body into the highway. But the conscience 
stricken murderer found no rest, and finally removed to Ohio. Not long 
after he was tried for a second murder, and condemned to the gallows. 
According to an account of his execution, published in one of the Ohio 
papers of the day, — on the bolts being drawn, the rope broke and the 
unfortunate man fell to the ground. Then he entreated the officers to 
spare him a few moments; when he declared that he first shot Mr. Avery 
and then cut his throat. . . . Related on the testimony of Mrs. Wetmore 
and other aged inhabitants of the Parish, who have heard their parents 
speak of Hains, and remember to have seen the account of his execution 
in the papers of the day. . . . The remains of Mr. Avery, with those of 
his wife, repose in the burying ground belonging to the church, on the 
opposite side of Blind Brook." 

On 21^* January, 1766, vestry of church "allowed to Rev. Ephraim 
Avery, for service as rector of Parish of Rye from August 27*^ last to 
January i^*, 1766, £16-3-4, added for 3 days 8s. 6d. and raised salary for 
January i^*, 1766 to January i^*, 1767, sum of £50." Fowler s MSS. 



JOHN WILLIAM AVERY^, eldest son of Rev. Ephraim 
^ Avery^ and Hannah (Piatt) Avery, was born at Rye, N. Y., 
May 24*^ 1767. Married, November i6*^ 1793, Sarah Fair- 
child * of Stratford, Conn., born February 28*^, 1773. He died 
, 1799. She died May 6*\ 1837. 


I John William^", born September 24*^ 1794, New York. In early 
life was lost at sea in the Jeanette. 

II Elisha Lothropi", born February 27*^^, 1796, New York. Married, 
1822, Jane Gunning. She died September, 1837. Married, second, April 
12*'', 1839, Sarah Coit, born 1807, daughter of David Coit of New Lon- 
don, Conn. He died August 3^^^, 1878. She died February 12*^ 1892. 
They had seven children. 

III Samuel Putnam^", born January i^*, 1797, New York. Married, 
January i^*, 1821, Hannah Anne Parke, born April 24*^ 1804, daughter 
of Benjamin Parke and Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke of New York. He 
died July 24*\ 1832. She died June 26*\ 1888. They had six children. 
^ee forward. 

IV Sarah Elizabeth^", born November 3'"^ 1798, New York. Married, 
1817, E. R. Dupignac, born December 16*^, 1794, New York. She died (?). 
He died November, 1864. They had four children. 

John William Avery ^ died , 1799, aged thirty-two years. 

It has not been possible to gather anything touching his life and 

* Sarah Fairchild was the daughter of John Fairchild, born February, 1745/6. 
Married, November 6*^, 1768, EHzabeth Burch, born 1751. He died 1790. She 
died 1804. They had nine children. 

"Thomas Fairchild, Stratford, one of the first settlers: representative, 1659- 
60 and often after." Savage's Ge^iealogical Dictionary, Vol. II, p. 137. 

"Thomas Fairchild, of Stratford, Conn., born in England, died in Stratford 
December 14*^ 1670." (Married about 1637 Sarah Seabrooke.) American An- 
cestry, Vol. A, p. 158. 

"The original township (Stratford) was ten miles square and was purchased in 
1639 by a gentleman of the name of Thomas Fairchild, who came out from Eng- 
land and was the first civil officer of the town." Lippincou's Magazine, July, 


character. A granddaughter remembers having been told that he 
was a clergyman. It is probable that he was, as he was the eldest 
son, and a descendant, in a direct line, of three generations of 
Episcopalian clergymen. 



CAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY/" third son of John William 
^ Avery^ and Sarah (Fairchild) Avery, was born January i^S 
1797, in New York, Married, January i^\ 1821, Hannah Anne 
Parke, born August 24*^ 1804, daughter of Benjamin Parke and 
Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke. He died July 24*^ 1832. She 
died June 26*^ 1888. 


I Samuel Putnam", born March I7*\ 1822, New York. Married, 
November 24*^ 1844, Mary Ann Ogden, born December i^*, 1825, 
daughter of Henry Aaron and Katharine (Conklin) Ogden of New York. 
He died, New York, August ll*^ 1904. She died, Hartford, Conn., 
April 29*\ 1911. They had six children. See forward. 

H Hannah Stanton", born October 12*^ 1824, New York. Married, 
May 2«^ 1854, Charles Russell Cornell of Troy, N. Y., born June 20*^ 
1806. She died June 2S*^ 1885. He died September I2t\ 1866. They 
had one daughter. 

HI Susan Jane", born December 11*'^, 1826, New York. Married, 
December 5*^ 1850, Stephen Avery of Hudson, N. Y. She died March 
18*^ 1912. He died January i^*, 1853. They had one son. 

IV Benjamin Parke", born November 11*'', 1828, New York. Mar- 
ried, November 27*^ 1861, Mary Ann Fuller of Marysville, Cal., born 
July I3*^ 1827. He died November 8*^ 1875, Peking, China. She died, 
San Francisco, June ci^^, 1913. They had no children. 

V Mary Rebecca Halsey", born August 10*^, 1830, New York. Mar- 
ried, June 7*^ 1856, Rev. T. De Witt Talmage, born January 7*^, 1832. 
She died June 7**^, 1861. He died April 12*^, 1902. They had two 

V Charles Russell", born October, 1832, New York. Died August 
S'\ 1833. 


Original silhouette in possession of Samuel Putnam Avery' 

of Hartford, Conn. 

Third son of John William Avery^ and Sarah (Fairchild) Avery, born January 
[797. Married January i''*, 1821, Hannah Anne Parke, born April 24*'', 1804. 

He died July 24*, 1832. She died June 26"\ i^ 
of William Avery^, who settled in Dedham, Mass. 
who came in the Mayflozver, 1620, and settled 

He was a direct descendant 
1650, and Richard Warren^ 
Plymouth, Mass. 


SAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY", eldest son of Samuel Putnam 
Avery^° and Hannah Anne (Parke) Avery, was born March 
17*^ 1822, New York (M. A. Columbia University, 1896). 
Married, November 24*S 1844, Mary Ann Ogden, born De- 
cember i^*, 1825, daughter of Henry Aaron and Katharine 
(Conklin) Ogden, of New York. He died, New York, August 
ii*\ 1904. She died, Hartford, Conn., April 29*\ 191 1. 


I Mary Henrietta^^, born October 4*^ 1845, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died, 
New York, April 7*\ 1900. 

II Samuel Putnami^, born October 7*^ 1847, Brooklyn, N. Y. See 

III. Fanny Falconeri^, born November 3"^, 1849, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Married, February 15*^, 1881, Rev. Manfred P. Welcher, of Newark, 
N. Y., born October 27*^ 1850. She died, Hartford, Conn., July 22°^ 
1918. They had four children. 

IV Henry Ogden^^, born January 31"*, 1852, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died, 
New York, April 30*\ 1890. 

V Emma Parke^^, born August 29*^ 1853, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., August 31'*, 1857. 

VI Ellen Waltersi2, born January i"*, 1861, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died, 
New York, March 25*\ 1893. 

Samuel Putnam Avery, life member of the New York Genea- 
logical and Biographical Society, died August II*^ 1904, at his 
residence in New York, aged eighty-two years. He was born 
March I7*^ 1822, in New York City, and was the eldest son of 
Samuel Putnam Avery and Hannah Anne Parke, daughter of 
Capt. Benjamin Parke of New York. His father, who was in the 
leather business in New York, and died there in the cholera epi- 
demic of 1832, when only thirty-five years of age, was the son of 

John William Averyof New York, and Sarah Fairchild, of Stratford, 
Conn., and grandson of the Rev. Ephraim Avery, rector of Grace 
Church, Rye, N. Y., by his wife Hannah Piatt. Rev. Ephraim 
Avery was the son of Rev. Ephraim Avery of Brooklyn, Conn., by 
his wife Deborah Lothrop, daughter of Samuel and Deborah 
(Crow) Lothrop of Pomfret, Conn.; who was the son of Rev. 
John Avery of Truro, Mass., and Ruth Little, daughter of Ephraim 
and Mary (Sturtevant) Little of Marshfield, Mass., and grand- 
daughter of Thomas Little of Plymouth, Mass., by his wife Ann, 
daughter of Mr. Richard Warren, the Mayflower pilgrim; who was 
the son of Robert Avery of Dedham, Mass., and Elizabeth Lane, 
daughter of Job and Sarah Lane of Maiden, Mass.; who was the 
son of Dr. William Avery who came from Barkham, County 
Berks, England, to Dedham, Mass., about 1650. 

Left by the death of his father at the early age of ten to make 
his own way in the world, Mr. Avery began engraving as a mere 
boy in a bank-note company, where he studied copperplate en- 
graving, then engraving on wood, and afterwards edited art com- 
pilations of his own selection, sometimes contributing illustra- 
tions of his own handiwork. In 1865 he entered into the business 
of commercial engraving and art publishing at the corner of Broad- 
way and Fourth Street. In 1867 he received the appointment of 
Commissioner to go to France in charge of the American Art De- 
partment at the Universal Exposition in Paris. The following 
year he abandoned engraving and art publishing and became a 
dealer in works of art. He removed to No. 86 Fifth Avenue, where 
he opened a gallery, and for nearly twenty years conducted a very 
successful business in paintings and water colors, both domestic 
and foreign, when he retired entirely from business and was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Samuel P. Avery, Jr. During this latter period of 
business activity he became widely known as an art connoisseur and 
one of the foremost men in art circles in New York City. New 
York Genealogical and Biographical Society Record, October, 1904. 

The late Samuel Putnam Avery lived a useful life, and he will 
be widely regretted at once as a personality and as an influence for 



Direct descendant of William Avery^, who settled in Dedham, Mass., in 1650, 
and Richard Warren^, who came in tht May flozver, 1620, and settled in Plymouth, 
Mass. Also direct descendant of Richard ParkS who sailed from London, England, 
in the ship Defence August io"\ 1635, and arrived at Boston, Mass., October 

3^^ 1635- 

good in the artistic development of the city. Forty years ago, 
when he entered the picture market, the conditions of aesthetic 
taste in America were decidedly mixed. The sentimental or 
humorous anecdote, painted by the mediocre artist, was quite 
as likely to appeal to the collector as was any masterpiece of 
modern art. Mr. Avery was a man of common sense, and so did 
not try to make things over in a day; besides, he knew, what we 
are sometimes disposed to forget, that even the painted anecdote 
can be, on occasion, a masterpiece. But he had an instinctive 
feeling for what was best in contemporary art; he realized from 
the outset the value of the Barbizon school, for example, and he 
was of great service to us in bringing really good pictures into the 
country. More than one noted gallery in New York owes its ex- 
cellence to his share in its creation. 

On his visits to Europe in earlier days he established friendly 
relations with scores of artists since become famous. He was 
among their first, as he was among their most discerning patrons, 
and a? a result there passed through his hands or remained in his 
possession some of the rarest and most characteristic productions 
of his time. He had a gift for discovering the unique picture or 
print, the most interesting personal souvenir. Ranging- far outside 
the boundaries of pictorial art, he swelled the list of his acquisitions 
with beautiful bindings, porcelains, and divers objects of artistic 
craftsmanship. These treasures he often lent for exhibition pur- 
poses, and finally, in the leisure of his later life, bestowed upon 
different institutions, so that while at the time of his death he 
left his home still full of beautiful things, he had made in one 
direction or another a remarkable number of important gifts. 
His collection of etchings, including a wonderful array of Whistlers, 
went to enrich the print department of the New York Public 
Library. Again and again it has furnished forth a notable ex- 
hibition at the Lenox Library Building. The Metropolitan 
Museum of Art, which he helped to found and which he faithfully 
served as a trustee, also profited by his generosity. 

But the extent to which Mr. Avery benefited the many artistic 
organizations with which he was identified has already been noted 

in the Tribune. What we wish especially to point out today is 
the fact that in matters of art he was as cultivated as he was open- 
handed. He exerted a salutary influence, not simply because he 
was ever ready to give practical support to an enlightened move- 
ment, but because he reinforced his more tangible contributions 
with the counsel that comes from taste and judgment. A good 
citizen who was also a connoisseur has been lost in his death. 
New York Tribune, August 14*^, 1904. 

Of the large class of those who are interested in art but not 
actively engaged in artistic production, it is doubtful if any one 
person has had as great or as sane and helpful an influence upon 
the art of America as Samuel Putnam Avery, who died at his 
residence in New York City, on Thursday, August ii*^ Trained 
as an engraver, and giving early proof of remarkable taste and 
skill, he abandoned active artistic life for commerce in the pro- 
duction of others, but brought to the new field the natural re- 
finement and the delicacy of imagination which would have 
secured for him great distinction in his original profession. His 
business methods were always clever and often brilliant; but his 
most intense activity was uniformly guided by a natural appre- 
ciation of beauty and fine workmanship. Boldness in action and 
perfect taste — these always characterized his business career. 
The people of New York — and perhaps it is not too much to 
say the American people — appreciated these qualities, and were 
glad to make large returns for the faithful and expert service 
which he so constantly rendered. 

When in the course of a long and happy life Mr. Avery reached 
an age which made active endeavor burdensome and unnecessary, 
he brought to the disposal of his accumulations the same quali- 
ties which had created them. Boundless courage and great 
knowledge, and an alertness which made him ready for any emer- 
gency — to these were added that extraordinary delicacy and 
tenderness of temperament which made him not only a great 
critic and connoisseur, but a dear friend as well. 

It is doubtful if there is a worthy charity or a well-managed 

public institution in the city of New York which has not felt in 
a material way the benefit of his good will. Of these, however, 
the Library of Columbia University has been most kindly cared 

The Avery Architectural Library is a most characteristic pro- 
duction of Mr. Avery's genius. The profession of architecture is 
peculiarly dependent upon its literature. At the same time the 
cost of the best architectural books places them beyond the 
reach of many serious practitioners. This became apparent to 
Mr. and Mrs. Avery during the short practice of their son, 
Henry Ogden Avery, perhaps the most brilliant and promising of 
the younger architects of his day — who had gathered for his 
own use a remarkably valuable collection of books. At the death 
of their son there came to his parents the thought of the endow- 
ment of a monumental architectural library, as a suitable memo- 
rial; a library which should be easily accessible to all interested 
persons. Having made this decision, Mr. and Mrs. Avery, quite 
as a matter of course, placed their great resources in commission 
with a liberality which has known no limit except their own good 
judgment and that of the purchasing committee created by the 

To this library and this work Mr. Avery has always given most 
freely of that which after all has been most enriching and most 
valuable — himself. His very last message concerned a gift, 
under date of August ^^^ — and he then wrote with trembling 
hand, "I am a much sicker man than you may imagine," 
though every other word was cheerful and hopeful. To the very 
last his interest never flagged, and his generous heart beat 
strong and true in spite of a keen consciousness of failing physical 

On the afternoon of the 14**^, simple yet impressive services 
were held at the family residence, at which in spite of the mid- 
summer and vacation season the University was well represented. 

More enduring than on bronze or marble is the inscription 
which he has written by his life on the hearts of his fellow citizens. 
Columbia University Quarterly, September, 1904. 

Whereas, Samuel Putnam Avery, a member of this committee since 
1895, and of the Association since 1882, died on August 1 1*'', 1904, and 

Whereas, We recognize that he had not only been a loyal supporter 
of the cause for the promotion of which this Association was formed, and 
a liberal contributor of funds for the carrying on of its work, but that as 
an artist he was well known and as a patron of the arts was distinguished; 
further, that he had taken an intelligent and active interest in public 
questions generally, seeking to bring his influence to bear in lifting the 
consideration of such matters to a higher plane, that though he rarely 
spoke in public, his influence was so exerted that it tended to promote 
the public welfare; that he was optimistic, in that he believed matters of 
"political housekeeping" were susceptible of improvement: that he was 
sympathetic, especially with the aspirations and strivings of the young, 
and when he gave to Columbia University the valuable Avery Library, 
it was that both old and.young, but especially the young men and women, 
and the alumni who had not long ceased to be resident there, might have 
close at hand the means by which they could investigate more deeply the 
arts and architecture of an earlier time: that he was a philanthropist in 
a very genuine sense, who had taken to heart and applied the saying of 
George Sand's Jacques, that there is but one virtue, the eternal sacrifice 
of one's self; therefore. 

Resolved, That this Executive Committee consider it a privilege to 
place on its records and directs that it be so placed, this minute indicative 
of its appreciation of the quiet and unassuming but generous and fruitful 
life which Mr. Avery led, and the high purpose by which his career always 
seemed to be actuated. 

Adopted by the Executive Committee of the Civil Service Reform 
Association of New York at a meeting held September 28*^^^, 1904. 

Mr. Avery was for several years Secretary to the Art Com- 
mittee of the Union League Club, New York. This led to the 
organization of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, of which he be- 
came one of the founders and a leading director. He held many 
other positions of honor, having been a Trustee of the New York 
Public Library, President of The Grolier Club, Vice-president of 
the Sculpture Society, and honorary member of the Architec- 
tural League and of the Typothetae Society. He was also one of 
the original committee for the erection of the Bartholdi Statue of 
Liberty in New York Harbor. The loss of his son, Henry Ogden 
Avery, a talented young architect, caused him to found in the 
Columbia University library, the Avery collection of architectural 
and art books as a memorial. This contains more than fifteen 
thousand volumes and is probably the best special library of 


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works on architecture in the country. For this Columbia gave 
him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. Nor were his bene- 
factions confined to this University. He gave to the Lenox 
Library seventeen thousand nineteenth-century etchings and 
engravings, a collection which he had been accumulating for 
nearly forty years. The Grolier Club, of which he was President, 
and the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, of 
which he was at one time a Trustee, were also recipients of valu- 
able gifts, and one of the collections of Oriental porcelain in the 
Metropolitan Museum was collected and given by him. The 
New York Evening Post of August 13*^, 1904, in an editorial en- 
titled "A Public-spirited Merchant," said of him: "The full extent 
of the late S. P. Avery's usefulness may never be known. Con- 
spicuous as his position here in New York was, he gave modestly 
from the surplus of his collections to many country institutions, 
ever fostering the love of art in its feeble beginnings." In March, 
1897, on the occasion of his seventy-fifth birthday, a portrait 
medallion in gold was presented to him by seventy-five citizens 
of New York in recognition of his many public services. 

Samuel Putnam Avery was married November 24*^ 1844, to 
Mary Ann Ogden, daughter of Henry Aaron Ogden and Katha- 
rine (Conklin) Ogden, both of New York. He is survived by his 
widow and two children: Samuel P. Avery, Jr., who until recently 
conducted the business founded by his father, and Mrs. Fanny F. 
Welcher, wife of the Rev. M. P. Welcher of Brooklyn. Benjamin 
Parke Avery, who was Minister to China under President Grant, 
and died in Peking in 1875, was his only brother. New York 
Genealogical and Biographical Record, October, 1904. 



"DENJAMIN PARKE AVERYi^ second son of Samuel Put- 
■*-■' nam Avery^*^ and Hannah Anne (Parke) Avery, was born In 
New York, November ii*S 1828. Married, November 27*^, 
1861, at San Francisco, Cal., Mary Ann Fuller, born July 13, 
1827. He died November 8*\ 1875, Peking, China. She died 
June 9*^, 1913. They had no children. 

The City of Tokio, bearing the remains of the late Benjamin Parke 
Avery, was telegraphed fifteen miles out at 7:50 a. m. yesterday, and 
came to anchor at 11 o'clock off the Pacific Mail Steamship Company's 
wharf, at the foot of Brannan Street, at which time a salute of seventeen 
guns was fired from Fort Alcatraz. The remains of Mr. Avery were sent 
in care of Lieut. H. W. Lyon, U. S. N., who was detached from the U. S. 
steamer Tennessee and detailed for this duty. The body was embalmed 
in China by the surgeon of the Russian Embassy, and was placed in an 
enameled or varnished casket, which was rolled in oil silk and cemented. 
This was then placed in the outside casket of teak wood, which was also 

At 2 o'clock P. M. the Committee in charge held a meeting at the 
rooms of the Art Association, Dr. J. D. B. Stillman in the chair, other 
members of the Association and Dr. A. B. Stout from the Committee of 
the Academy of Sciences being present. It was decided that the body, 
attended by the friends of the deceased and the Guard of Honor, should 
be removed from the undertaking rooms of Mr. Gray at 10 o'clock this 
morning to Dr. Stebbins' church, where it will lie in state until the funeral, 
which takes place from the church at 2 o'clock to-morrow afternoon. Mr. 
Williams of the Committee reported a subscription already of about 
$500 towards paying the expenses of the obsequies. It was decided also 
to invite the members of other societies with which Mr. Avery was identi- 
fied to attend the funeral at the church in a body. At 4 o'clock the Com- 
mittee with a few friends of the deceased followed the casket from the 
wharf to the undertaking rooms under the escort of Lieutenant Reno of 
the Fourth Artillery, with a detachment of thirteen men from Company A 
of the same regiment from the Presidio, who will constitute the Guard of 
Honor until the interment takes place. The eulogy upon the life and 
character of the deceased will be pronounced by Rev. Horatio Stebbins. 





From a photograph taken in 1866 

Direct descendant of William Avery^, who settled in Dedham, Mass., in 1650, and 
Richard Warren', who came in the Mayflozver, 1620, and settled in Plymouth, 
Mass. Also direct descendant of Richard Park^ who sailed from London, England, 
in the ship Defence, August io"S 1635, and arrived at Boston, Mass., October 3'''^, 

In this memorial service Rev. Dr. Hamilton of Oakland will assist. The 
music at the church will be rendered by a choir from the Bohemian Club, 
under the leadership of Joseph Maguire. 

The Committee appointed to direct the obsequies have selected as 
pall-bearers the following named gentlemen: Major-General John M. 
Schofield, U. S. A.; Major-General James Coey, N. G. C; United States 
Circuit Judge, Lorenzo Sawyer; United States District Judge, Ogden 
Hoffman; United States Collector of Customs, Thomas Shannon; United 
States Naval Officer, Edwin G. Waite; ex-Governor Frederick F. Low; 
ex-Governor Leland Stanford; L Friedlander, President of the Chamber 
of Commerce, and Pay-Director John S. Cunningham, U. S. N. 

General Schofield made a requisition upon the commander of the 
National Guard for a regiment of militia, and the following companies, 
under command of Colonel George W. Granniss, have been detailed in 
accordance with the order: 

Emmet Guard, Co. E, Third Infantry, Captain Robert Cleary. 
MacMahon Grenadier Guard, Co. H, Third Infantry, Captain John 
H. McMenomy. 
Sumner Light Guard, Co. E, First Infantry, Captain H. J. Burns. 
Franklin Light Infantry, Co. D, First Infantry, Captain R. H. Orton. 
San Francisco Fusileers, Co. C, Second Infantry, Captain George Cantus. 
Germania Rifles, Co. D, Second Infantry, Captain G. D. Von Senden. 
The Sumner Light Guard or the Franklin Light Infantry will accom- 
pany the body to the cemetery, and fire the volleys over the grave. 

A Tientsin newspaper of November 23'''^ says: "The remains of the 
late Hon. B. P. Avery were transferred this afternoon from the United 
States Consulate to the United States steamer Monocacy, which is to 
convey them to Shanghai. The procession formed at 3 o'clock. The 
coffin, covered with the national flag, was placed on two gun-carriages 
sent from the Monocacy, and drawn by a company of twelve seamen. A 
guard of honor from the same vessel consisting of eighty men preceded 
the bier with reversed arms. At the right of the coffin were members of 
the Consular staff and two Chinese officials, and at the left, the com- 
manders of the men-of-war in port, who acted as bearers. Following the 
remains were the British Minister, Mr. Wade; Mr. Holcombe, Acting 
Secretary of the United States Legation and now in charge; Consul Shep- 
pard and Vice-Consul Pethick, as mourners. Then came other naval 
officers, the American and other foreign residents. While the procession 
was forming, the United States Consular flag was run up to the top of the 
staff; just preceding the order to march, it was dropped to half-mast, 
and at the same moment minute guns commenced firing on board the 
Monocacy, and continued till the regular salute of nineteen guns due 
the rank of the lamented Minister had been fired. Mrs. Avery accom- 
panied the remains of her husband, and goes to Shanghai in the Monocacy. 

Companies from the English, Russian and French gunboats, drawn up 


on the bund, saluted the remains as they passed by, presenting arms and 
rolHng the drum. 

A goodly number of the foreign residents of Tientsin were in attendance. 
Altogether rather an imposing spectacle was presented to the interested 
gaze of the Chinese crowd which gathered to witness the ceremonies. 

On the i^* of December the remains were landed at Shanghai from the 
corvette Monocacy and removed to the United States Consulate General, 
where they lay in state, awaiting transmission to San Francisco. The 
only ceremony observed was that the naval officers superintending the 
landing were in full u-niform, the national flag was dropped half-mast and 
minute-guns were fired. San Francisco Chronicle, January 25**^, 1876. 

God rest thy soul! 
O, kind and pure. 
Tender of heart, yet strong to wield control. 
And to endure! 

Close the clear eyes! 
No greater woe 
Earth's patient heart, than when a good man dies, 
Can ever know. 

With us is night — 
Toil without rest; 
But where thy gentle spirit walks in light, 
The ways are blest. 

God's peace be thine! 
God's perfect peace! 
Thy meed of faithful service, until time 
And death shall cease. 

Just as our last form goes to press, news comes of the death of Hon. 
Benjamin P. Avery, United States Minister to China, and late editor of 
the Overland. The shock is so sudden we can hardly realize our friend 
has gone from our gaze forever. Have the cruel wires lied, or has his 
gentle spirit passed from this world of care and pain to "the land where 
all is peace"? 

Mr. Avery was in many respects a remarkable man. He typified the 
ripest fruitage of our western thought and culture. He was essentially 
Californian, but he represented the finer feminine side of California — 
California in those gentler moods of which we see too little. He had the 
freshness without the brusqueness of the frontier spirit. Perhaps no one 
person did so much to educate the people of the State in the right direc- 
tion — to lift the thoughts of men above the sordid interests of the hour 
and the mean ambitions of personal gain. He embodied in his life and 
character that spirit of a broader culture, purer morals, and loftier aims 
which constitute the basis of all healthy growth. He loved California 
with an almost idolatrous love, but lamented its hard materialism, and 

strove to make it more worthy of its great destiny. And he was un- 
wearying in his efforts to elevate and refine. The hours that other workers 
gave to rest and recreation he devoted to the building up of new aesthetic 
interests and the study of those gentler arts that uplift society and 
smooth down the sharp angles of our western life. He was one of those 
rare men who are estimated rather below than above their true value. 
His modesty made him shy; and some people, who but half knew him, 
made the mistake of thinking he lacked force. No man was more firm 
in upright purpose — could be more courageous in the assertion of honest 
conviction. His adherence to principle was firm and uncompromising. 
He was constitutionally incapable of putting a falsehood in print, or 
perverting facts to partisan uses. His pen was never soiled by an attack 
upon private character. He abhorred with all the intensity of a pure soul 
the personalities of journalism. 

His capacity for work was marvelous. We cannot recall a journalist, 
with perhaps the exception of the late Henry J. Raymond, who could 
write so rapidly, yet so pointedly and correctly. His well-stored mind 
poured forth its treasures in a rapid-flowing copious stream. He was 
equally ready in all departments of journalistic activity. He was an 
admirable dramatic critic, was well versed in the elementary principles 
of music, while in the specialty of art criticism he was without a rival 
among Californian writers. His editorials were models of clear state- 
ment and strong but elegant English, while all that he wrote was per- 
vaded by a certain spirit of candor and a power of moral conscience that 
compelled attention and carried conviction. While the prevailing tone 
of his mind was serious, few writers could be more delightfully playful, 
more charmingly humorous. 

Socially Mr. Avery was very lovable. In him all the virtues seemed 
harmoniously combined. He was absolutely without guile, as he was 
without vices. His heart overflowed with love for his fellows. He could 
not bear to think ill of any one, and if a sense of public duty compelled 
him to criticise, it was done so kindly, so regretfully, that censure lost 
half its sting. And his friendships were so firm and steadfast, his trust in 
those he loved, so deep and unquestioning! Who that has felt the grasp 
of his manly hand, and looked into the quiet depths of his kindly eye, 
can ever forget the subtile influence that crept like a balm into his soul? 
He lived in and for his friends. Caring little for general society, his social 
world was bounded by a charmed circle of intimates. He was such a 
delightful companion; so fresh and bright and genial, so apt in repartee, 
so quaintly witty, so rich in various learning without taint of pedantry. 
To know him, to be much in his society, to feel the sweet influence of his 
pure life, was a boon and blessing. He is dead; but the seed of thought 
and culture he has sown has not fallen on barren ground. His work survives 
him. The interests he promoted and the institutions he helped found, 
are living monuments of his beneficent activity. We shall see him no 
more in the flesh, but his spirit will long be a pervading presence to hosts 
of loving hearts. San Francisco Overland Monthly, December, 1875. 


"CANNY FALCONER AVERY^^, second daughter of Samuel 
-*- Putnam Avery^S and Mary Ann (Ogden) Avery, was born 
November 3'''*, 1849, Brooklyn, N. Y. Married, February 15*'', 
1881, Rev. Manfred P. Welcher, born, October 27t^ 1850, New- 
ark, N. Y. (Williams College, 1877). She died, Hartford, Conn., 
July 22'^'^, 1 91 8. 


I Welcher", Emma Parke Avery, born, November 26*'', 1881, New 

II Welcher", Alice Lee, born. May I7*^ 1884, New York. 
Ill Welcher", Lester Groome, born, July i^\ 1885, New York. 
IV Welcher", Amy Ogden, born, March 24*^ 1887, New York. 






Direct descendant of William Avery^, who settled in Dedham, Mass., in 1650, and 
Richard Warren\ who came m the Mayflower, 1620, and settled in Plymouth, 
Mass. Also direct descendant of Richard Park\ who sailed from London, England , 
in the ship Defence, August 10**^, 16^5, and arrived at Boston, Mass., October 3'''^, 


TTENRY OGDEN AVERY^^, second son of Samuel Putnam 
■^ -*• Avery^^ and Mary Ann (Ogden) Avery, was born January 
3i«*, 1852, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died, New York, April 3ot^ 1890. 
He never married. 

"Henry Ogden Avery developed early in life a strong interest 
in art, and entering the Cooper Union Art School turned his at- 
tention especially to architecture. In 1870 he was admitted as a 
student to the office of his father's friend Russell Sturgis. In 
September, 1872, he became a student in the Ecole des Beaux 
Arts, Paris, France, where he applied himself with great zeal to 
master his chosen profession. Not only that, but to the study of 
language, of music, of political economy and the history and laws 
of the land of his birth. 

"This was his life for several years in the French capital; and 
after graduating he returned to New York and entered the office 
of Richard M. Hunt, later on taking up business on his own ac- 
count, when he achieved considerable success. Meantime his 
professional zeal was too ardent to be contented with ordinary 
routine. He delivered lectures before the Architectural League 
and the Gotham Art students and wrote for Scribner's Magazine 
a history of the Paris school of fine arts, also other articles for 
several periodicals on topics connected with art. It must be 
that greater work lay before him, but failing health compelled 
him to withdraw until his death on April 30*^ 1890." 

The death of Henry 0. Avery removes one of the few organizers and 
superior workers for the good of the profession at large; one of those who 
had high Ideals of professional Intercourse and work, whose time was 
always at the disposal of the Architectural League and other societies 
with which he was identified. His acquaintance with all the allied arts 
made his service valuable; he had great efficiency and ability in organiz- 

ing and aiding all enterprises that tended to bring architects together 
and to inculcate an esprit de corps. At a time when so many think only 
of the almighty dollar, he sacrificed his own interest in service, and service 
is the hardest thing to get and the most valuable when so unselfish as 
was his. The J?nerican Architect and Building News. 

The Archaeological Institute of America, New York Society, through 
the undersigned, who have been appointed a committee for the purpose, 
records its sense of the loss that it has suffered in the death of Henry 
Ogden Avery, one of its most zealous members, and one who promised to 
be a chief support and help of the society and the Institute in all its future 
work. The undertaking of the Institute is new, and has reached but a 
slight development as yet; but in looking at the possible future, we can- 
not but feel that one of our chief hopes has been removed in the taking 
away of Avery. Thoroughly taught, first in the architectural oifice of a 
member of this committee, and then, for an unusual number of years, at 
the ficole des Beaux Arts and a good Paris atelier; afterward engaged in 
the active practice of his profession in New York, in one of the largest 
and busiest offices of the city, and independently, he was eminently in- 
telligent, thoughtful, highly instructed, and high-aiming as an architect, 
as a decorative designer, and as a member of his profession and of the 
whole community. 

In the societies with which he had been connected he was markedly 
useful, and was willing to sacrifice time and strength for the cause in 
which he had enlisted; he was not one of those who will accept office for 
the honor it may give without discharging the duties which it brings 
with it. In our society he has been a member of the Committee on Mem- 
bership, and has shown great zeal in that which must be the foundation 
of all success — the filling up of the roll of members. Other services 
were to come, and the personal esteem felt for him and our personal re- 
grets at his loss are intensified by our sense of what the cause of archaeology 
and the study of art have suffered in this premature death. Archceological 
Institute of America, New York Society. 

Russell Sturgis 
Frederic J. De Peyster 
Wm. L. Andrews. 


At its monthly meeting the Secretary moved that the Chapter take 
appropriate action in honor of the memory of the late Henry O. Avery, 
practicing member, who died since the last meeting of the Chapter, on 
Wednesday, April 30*'\ After some eulogistic remarks from members the 
following memorial, prepared by President Littell, was moved, seconded 
and unanimously adopted: 

The death of Mr. Henry Ogden Avery is a source of profound regret 
to those associated with him in this Chapter. 

Quiet, gentle and unobtrusive, he was always ready to work for the 
good of others — for the interests of the profession at large. His quick 

intellect gave him weight in council and fitted him for important, active 
work, which promptly showed the effect of his endeavors, and his genial 
nature endeared him to all with whom he came in contact. 

The profession has lost an accomplished artist, an earnest servant, and 
a faithful brother — such men are rare. New York Chapter of the Archi- 
tectural Institute. 

A. J. Bloor. 


At the regular monthly meeting of the Architectural League of New 
York, May 5*^, 1890, the usual business of the meeting was prefaced by 
some remarks upon the late Mr. Henry O. Avery by the President, 
Russell Sturgis, who spoke of the virtues of Mr. Avery. Mr. Briggs and 
other members made similar addresses. Mr. Wright offered the follow- 
ing resolution, which was read and adopted: 

"The Architectural League hereby records the death of H. O. Avery, 
April 30*^^, 1890, and orders spread on its minutes and for publication the 
following short estimate of his work and character: 

'"Educated under liberal influences in the office of Russell Sturgis and 
the Ecole des Beaux Arts, he acquired in addition to his natural artistic 
capabilities a grasp of the arts as a whole which made him a valued member 
of our organization. He was one of the organizers of the first Architec- 
tural Exhibition and took a leading part in the reorganization of the 
League, having been a member of the executive committee from its start. 
By his earnestness and experience he encouraged and greatly aided each 
of our annual exhibitions. His work in this cause indirectly brought 
about and hastened his death. His ideals of progressional work and in- 
tercourse were high, and he sought every opportunity to inculcate an 
esprit de corps that will raise the standards of all artistic labor and make 
its united influence tell for the best. In doing this he kept modestly in 
the background, but we who knew his devotion can characterize it as 
wholly unselfish. This League is indebted to him for all his kindly quali- 
ties of heart and mind exerted unselfishly and so fully to its benefit. We 
record his loss in a spirit which would be characteristic of the man whose 
memory we honor, and regret that his career so full of promise was cut 
off at so early a period. The Architectural League of New York. 

F. A. Wright, 

E. T. Hapgood, 

F. S. Lamb.'" 



George F. Kunz, President of American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society. 

J. Monroe Hewlett, Fellow American Institute of Architects. 

Frederick R. Halsey, Trustee of the New York Public Library. 

Edward R. Smith, Reference Librarian, Avery Library, Columbia University. 

Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University. 

John B. Pine, Clerk of Trustees, Columbia University. 

Robert W. de Forest, President of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 

A. Augustus Healy, President of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. 

Edward Robinson, Director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 

Robert B. Woodward, Vice-President of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 

Archer M. Huntington, President of the American Numismatic Society. 
Cass Gilbert, Past President of the American Society of Architects, and the 

Architectural League of New York. 
William Henry Fox, Director of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. 
John W. Alexander, President of the National Academy of Design. 
Edwin H. Anderson, Director of the New York Public Library. 
Herbert Adams, President of the National Sculpture Society. 
Samuel W. Fairchild, President of the Union League Club. 
Frederick Dielman, President of the Fine Arts Association. 
Frederick A. Goetze, Dean of Applied Science, Columbia University. 
Frank D. Fackenthal, Secretary of Columbia University. 
Frederick Paul Keppel, Dean of Columbia College. 
Austin W. Lord, Professor of Architecture, Columbia University. 
Alfred D. F. Hamlin, Professor History of Architecture, Columbia University. 
Frank Dempster Sherman, Professor Department of Architecture, Columbia 

Arthur W. Dow, Professor of Art, Teachers College. 
Talcott Williams, Professor of Journalism, Columbia University. 
James R. Wheeler, Professor of Greek Archaeology, Columbia University. 
Frederick C. Hicks, Acting Librarian, Columbia University. 
Frank Weitenkampf, Curator of Prints, New York Public Library. 
Alexander W. Drake, Late Art Editor of The Century Magazine. 
McDouGALL Hawkes, President of the Museum of French Art Institute in the 

United States. 
Edward G. Kennedy, President of The Grolier Club. 
William Loring Andrews, Hon. Librarian Metropolitan Museum of Art. 
Frederick A. Lucas, Director of the American Museum of Natural History. 
Robert Grier Cooke, President of the Fifth Avenue Association. 
Edward D. Adams, Trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 
A. A. Anderson, Hon. President of the American Art Association of Paris. 
Howard Mansfield, Treasurer of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 
J. Sanford Saltus, Hon. President Joan of Arc Statue Committee. 


CO (ii 



■ C.o 



^ Z 










PEDIGREE connection with Robert AveryS of Pill, Somer- 
-■■ set County, England, whose will bears date of July 27**^, 
1575, and Richard Warren, of England, who came to America in 
the Mayflower, November 11*^, 1620. 

1. Robert Avery^ of Pill, Somerset County, England. He died pre- 
vious to October 14*^, 1575, that being the date of the proving of his will. 
He had three sons, William^ Richard^, Thomas^. 

2. William Avery^ of Congresburie, England, died .?. He had one 

son Robert^; whether there were others, records do not say. 

3. Robert Avery^ of Wokingham, England. His will, found in the 
Diocese of Doctor's Commons, bears date March 30*^, 1642. He mar- 
ried Joanne and had three sons, — William*, born 1622, Robert*, Frances*. 

4. Great-grandfather, WilUam Avery*, born Wokingham, England, 
1622. Died Boston, Mass., March i8*^ 1686. Great-grandmother, 
Margaret (.'') Avery, born England. Died Dedham, Mass., September 

28*^ 1678. 

5. Great-grandfather, Robert Avery^ baptized Barkham, England, 
December 7*^ 1649. Died Dedham, Mass., October 3""'*, 1722. Great- 
grandmother, Elizabeth (Lane) Avery, born Maiden, Mass., 1655. Died 
Dedham, Mass., October 21^*, 1746. 

6. Great-grandfather, John Avery^ born Dedham, Mass., February 
4*^ 1685/6. Died Truro, Mass., April 23""^, 1754. Great-grandmother, 
Ruth (Little) Avery, born Marshfield, Mass., November 23'''', 1686. 
Died Truro, Mass., October i^*, 1732, Warren-Little Family, p. 133. 

7. Great-grandfather, Ephraim Avery^ born Truro, Mass., April 
22°'*, 1713. Died Brooklyn, Conn., October 20*^ 1754. Great-grand- 
mother Deborah (Lothrop) Avery, born Pomfret, Conn., January 9**^, 
1716/7. Died Highlands, N. Y., October 4*^ 1777. 

8. Great-grandfather, Ephraim Avery*, born Brooklyn, Conn., 
April I3*^ 1 74 1. Died Rye, N. Y., November 5*^ 1776. Great-grand- 
mother, Hannah (Piatt) Avery, bom 1737. Died Rye, N. Y., May 13*^ 

9. Great-grandfather, John William Avery', born Rye, N. Y., May 
24*^, 1767. Died New York, 1799. Great-grandmother, Sarah (Fair- 
child) Avery, born Stratford, Conn., February 28*^ 1773. Died New 
York, May 6*^ 1837. Fairchild Family, p. 80. 


10. Grandfather, Samuel Putnam Avery^", born New York, January 
i^S 1797. Died New York, July 24*^ 1832. Grandmother, Hannah 
Anne (Parke) Avery, born New York, April 24*^, 1804. Died Jersey 
City, N. J., June 26*\ 1888. Parke Family, p. 107. 

11. Father, Samuel Putnam Avery", born New York, March 17*'^, 
1822. Died New York, August II*^ 1904. Mother, Mary Ann (Ogden) 
Avery, born New York, December ist, 1825. Died Hartford, Conn., 
April 29th, 191 1. 

12. Samuel Putnam Avery^^ eldest son of Samuel Putnam Avery'^ 
and Mary Ann (Ogden) Avery, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 
7'\ 1847. 





Direct descendant of William Averj^, who settled in Dedham, Mass., in 1650, and 
Richard Warren, who came in the Mayflower, 1620, and settled in Plymouth, 
Mass. Also direct descendant of Richard Park, who sailed from London, England. 

the ship Defence, August 10*^'^ 1653, and arrived at Boston, Mass., Octob 


er 3' 


of Stratford, Connecticut 

Thomas Fairchild^ i6j8 

All the material relating to the Fairchild Family was selected from Orcutt's 
"History of Stratford and Bridgeport," Vols. I, II, published by the Fairfield 
County Historical Society, 1886. 


QTRATFORD village is located on the Housatonic River about 
^^ one and a half miles from Long Island Sound, in Fairfield 
County, Conn., fourteen miles from New Haven and fifty-eight 
miles from New York City. 

The original township, being twelve miles in length north and 
south, and about seven miles wide east and west, comprised most 
of the territory now included in the five townships of Stratford, 
Bridgeport, Huntington, Trumbull and Monroe. 

Stratford was the seventh plantation settled within the present 
territory of Connecticut. Windsor, Hartford and Wethersfield, 
the first three, were commenced in the years 1635-6; Saybrook 
was commenced under John Winthrop, the younger, in 1635,. 
although but few families had arrived there in 1636. 

Mr. Davenport's company from London, with Mr. Pruden's, 
arrived at New Haven the middle of April, 1638, and the next 
spring Mr. Pruden and his people who had remained all winter 
at New Haven, settled at Milford; and in the spring of 1639 a 
number of families settled at Stratford, then known by the In- 
dian name of Cupheag. 

The Patent for the territory of Connecticut, given by the Earl 
of Warwick in 163 1, under King Charles I, included "all that 
part of New England, in America, which lies and extends itself 
from a river then called Narragansett river, the space of forty 
leagues upon a straight Hne near the sea shore towards the south- 
west, west and south, or west as the coast lieth towards Virginia," 
and therefore covered more area than the present State of Con- 
necticut. The title to this land was given to the Earl of War- 
wick by the Plymouth Company of England. On "the 3** of 
November, 1620, just before the arrival of Mr. Robinson's people 

in New England, King James I, by letters patent, under the 
great seal of England, incorporated the Duke of Lenox, the Mar- 
quis of Buckingham and Hamilton, the Earls of Arundel and 
Warwick and others, to the number of forty noblemen, knights 
and gentlemen, by the name 'of the Council established at Plym- 
outh in the county of Devon, for the planting, ruling and gov- 
erning of New England in America,' and granted unto them, 
and their successors and assigns, all that part of America lying 
and being in breadth from forty degrees of north latitude from 
the equinoctial line, to the forty-eighth degree of said northerly 
latitude inclusively, and in length of and within all the breadth 
aforesaid, throughout the main lands from sea to sea." The patent 
ordained that "this tract of country should be called New Eng- 
land in America, and by that name have continuance forever." 

In 1630, this Plymouth Company conveyed to the Earl of 
Warwick the territory named in the Connecticut Patent, and 
which he sold, as above, to the parties named in that Patent to 
the number of eleven persons. The difficulty of ascertaining 
the date when Stratford was made a town, with many other 
items of its organization and first settlement, is in consequence 
of the town records for ten of the first years having disappeared. 

Not only were the plantations of Stratford and Fairfield called 
towns in April, 1640, but they had freemen who no doubt voted 
in the adoption of the first constitution, in January, 1638 (old 
style), they being a part of the government at the time, and 
hence in no great hurry to efi^ect an organization of the town 
which would be burdensome to maintain; for during several 
years after the commencement of the settlement they seem to 
have been released from taxes, and perhaps this is the reason 
why representatives were not sent earlier than they were. 

Stratford does not appear to have sent representatives to 
General Court until 1642, when Philip Groves filled that posi- 
tion. The taxes for Stratford and Fairfield were collected to- 
gether as one plantation until 1647, when they were ordered by 
the court to be divided. Also their courts were held jointly some 
years by magistrates appointed for the purpose. 

In a list of the owners of fence about the first common field, 
the fence being a little over 353 rods in length, which if it sur- 
rounded the entire field enclosed nearly fifty acres, but if it was 
a fence direct across the neck to Fresh Pond, it would have en- 
closed several hundred acres, or all of Great Neck as well as Little 
Neck. This list is without date but must have been recorded 
before 165 1, since William Burritt's name is on it and he died 
before that year. It is probable that this is not a complete list. 
There are forty-one names and Thomas Fayrchild is number 16 
with 6 rods, 9 feet. 



^HOMAS FAIRCHILDi was among the first settlers of Strat- 
-*- ford, but whether he came here in 1638 or 1639 is not known. 
He was a merchant and may have come with his brother-in-law 
Thomas Sherwood, or with William Judson in 1638, for the pur- 
pose, principally, of trading with the Indians, or he may have 
joined Mr. Blakeman's company at Wethersfield and come in 
1639. Mr. Fairchild's wife was the daughter of Robert Sea- 
brook, and therefore sister to the wives of Thomas Sherwood, 
William Preston, of New Haven, and Lieut. Thomas Wheeler, of 

In what year Mrs. Fairchild died is not known, but her last 
child was born in 1653, and Mr. Fairchild married, second, Cath- 
arine Craigg, of London, a relative of Mrs. Elizabeth Whiting of 
Hartford. He died December 14*^ 1670, and the selectmen re- 
ported his inventory at £350. He had four sons by his first wife 
and two by his second. 

Mr. Fairchild was one of the most prominent and respected 
men of Stratford. He was appointed by the General Court, with 
Thomas Sherwood and the Constables of Stratford, to draft 
men in 1654 for the then proclaimed Narragansett war; and again 
on a committee with Philip Groves, as leather sealer of Fairfield 

In 1654 he was elected Deputy; and a number of times after 
that, and in 1663, he was nominated for an assistant, and the 
same for three successive years, but was not elected. As these 
nominations were made at or by the General Court, this shows 
the estimation of him by that body. In 1664 he was appointed a 
Commissioner who was a Justice of the Peace, for Stratford, 
and was reappointed afterwards. 


The family name is of long standing in England, the coat of 
arms indicating that members of it were in the Crusades from 
A. D. 1096 to 1400. 


I Samuel^ born in Stratford August 31'*, 1640. He was probably the 

first white child born there. Married, , Mary, daughter of Moses 

Wheeler and Miriam (Hawley) Wheeler. She was born September 13*^ 
1655. He died about 1704. They had four children. See forward. 
Moses Wheeler was in New Haven as early as 1641 and probably came 
from London in 1638. He married Miriam, the sister of Joseph Hawley; 
and he was brother-in-law to the Rev. Adam Blakeman, the first pastor 
at Stratford. The Wheeler family had been resident in the county of 
Kent, England, many generations before Moses was born, which occurred, 
according to the records, in 1598. He was in Stratford in 1648, when the 
privilege of a ferry across the Housatonic River was granted him by the 
General Court. He died March i^*, 1698, aged 100 years. 

n Sarah^, born in Stratford February 19'^ 1641-2. Married, , 

Jehiel Preston, her cousin. He was baptized 14*^ 1640. He was a 

representative in 1683. They had sbc children. 

HI John^, born in Stratford May l"*, 1644. Died young. 

IV Thomas^, born in Stratford February 21^*, 1645. Married, , 

Sarah , and died in Woodbury March 27'^ 1686-7. They had three 


V Dinah^, born in Stratford July 14*^ 1648. 

VI Zechariah^, born in Stratford December I4*\ 1651. Married, 
November 3'''^, 1681, Hannah, daughter of John Beach. She was born 
December — , 1665. He died June 23'''^, 1703. In a list of landed pro- 
prietors, January 13*^, 1699, he was credited with owning twenty acres. 
They had nine children. John Beach appears first on Stratford records 
in 1661, with Richard Beach, probably a brother, and purchased his first 
land there May 21^*, 1660. 

VII Emma^, born in Stratford October — , 1653. Married, April 20*^ 
1676, Hackaliah Preston, her cousin. He was baptized April 9*^, 1643, 
was the son of William Preston of New Haven and grandson of Robert 
Seabrook. They had one son. 



CAMUEL FAIRCHILD2, eldest son of Thomas Falrchild^ and 

(Seabrook) Fairchild, was born in Stratford August 31^*, 

1640. Married, , Mary, daughter of Moses Wheeler and 

Miriam (Hawley) Wheeler. She was born September 13*^, 1655. 
He died about 1704. 


I Robert^ born in Stratford , 1681. His grandfather Wheeler 

left him some property. 

H SamueP, born in Stratford , 1683. Married, January 3'^, 

1705, Ruth, daughter of John Beach, Jr., and Hannah (Staples) Beach, 
of Fairfield. She was born about 1685 and died January 30*^^, 1722. 
They had seven children. See forward. 

HI Edward^ born in Stratford. Removed to Newtown before 1705 (?). 
Married, January 25*^ 1710, Elizabeth, daughter of Ebenezer Blakeman 
and Dorothy (Smith) Blakeman. She was born February 10*^, 1688. 
They had five children. 

IV Jonathan', born in Stratford . 



CAMUEL FAIRCHILD3, second son of Samuel Falrchild^ 

^ and Mary (Wheeler) Fairchild, was born in Stratford , 

1683. Married, January 3''^, 1705, Ruth, daughter of John 
Beach, Jr., and Hannah (Staples) Beach, of Fairfield. She was 
born about 1685, and died January 30*^ 1722. 


I AnnaS born in Stratford October la**^, 1706. Died February g*^^, 

II MaryS born in Stratford 27*^ 1708. Married, March 7*^ 

1728-9, Samuel Adams. They removed to Litchfield, where she died in 
her 106*'' year. They had six children. In a list of Representatives from 
Stratford, before 1776, Samuel Adams' name is mentioned twelve times, 
from 1748 to 1770. Frequently he is called Captain. 

III Samuel^ born in Stratford February 3'''^, 1710. Married, April 
5*^, 1745, Mary, daughter of John Curtiss. He died in 1790, aged 80. 
She died in 1783, aged 64. They had three children. See forward. The 
Curtiss family subscribed £159 toward building a Congregational church 
in 1743. The members of this church, however, disagreed, and one 
faction formed an Episcopalian body the same year, and built Christ's 
Church, in which Samuel Fairchild had a pew. 

IV EphraimS born in Stratford August 28*\ 1713. Settled in Weston. 

V Abigail^ born in Stratford December 15**^, 1715. 

VI Eunice'*, born in Stratford May 20*^, 1718. Died April 21^*, 1721. 

VII Benjamins born in Stratford (?). 



CAMUEL FAIRCHILD^ eldest son of Samuel Fairchild^ and 
^^ Ruth (Beach) Fairchild, was born in Stratford February 3'**, 
1710. Married, April 5*^ I745> Mary, daughter of John Curtiss. 
He died in 1790, aged 80. She died in 1783, aged 64. 


I John Curtiss^ born in Stratford February — , 1745-6. Married, 
November 6*\ 1768, Elizabeth Burch. She died in 1804, aged 53. They 
had nine children. See forward. 

II Abel^ born in Stratford. Baptized January — , 1753. In a list 
of persons who withdrew from the Congregational Society of North 
Stratford and of Trumbull and united with the Episcopal Church, with 
the dates and the places to which they went, Abel Fairchild is mentioned, 
March 20*^ 1788, as going to Ripton. 

III Robert^. 



JOHN CURTISS FAIRCHILD^, eldest son of Samuel Falr- 
*^ child* and Mary (Curtiss) Fairchild, was born in Stratford 
February — , 1745-6, Married, November 6^^, 1768, Elizabeth 
Burch. She died in 1804, aged 53. In a list of returns for back 
pay, "5*^^ Regiment, 2^ Company, commanded by Lt. Col. 
Samuel Whiting, of Stratford, commencing 26*** June, 1775, and 
ending 29*^ November," is found the name of Jno. Curtiss Fair- 
child. This company went to Ticonderoga, Lake Champlain, 
N. Y. 


I William®, born in Stratford , 1769. 

II John^ born in Stratford , 1770. Married, May 31^*, 1795, 

Abigail, called "Nabby," daughter of Samuel Patterson and Esther 
(Rowland) Patterson, of Weston, Conn. She was born February 19*^, 
1772. He died in 1800. They had one child. 

III Joseph®, born in Stratford , 1772. Died , 1775. 

IV Sarah®, born in Stratford February 28*S 1773. Married, November 
16*^, 1793,* John WilHam Avery^ born May 24**^, 1767. She died May 

6*^ 1837. He died , 1799, aged 32. They had four children. See 


V Curtiss®, born in Stratford , 1775. 

VI Tabitha®, born in Stratford , 1777, Died , 1778. 

VII Ruth®, born in Stratford , 1779. Married Brown. 

VIII Benjamin®, born in Stratford , 1 781. 

IX Reuben®, born in Stratford , 1784. 

* See Valentine's Manual, 1793, 



CARAH FAIRCHILD«, eldest daughter of John Curtiss Fair- 
^^ child^ and Elizabeth (Burch) Falrchild, was born in Strat- 
ford February 28*^ 1773. Married, November i6*^ 1793, John 
William Avery^ eldest son of the Rev. Ephraim Avery^ He was 
born May 2^^^, 1767, Rye, N. Y. She died May 6*S 1837. He 
died , 1799, aged 32. 


I Avery^ John William, born in New York September 24*'', 1794. In 
early life was lost at sea in the Jeanette. 

II Avery ^ Elisha Lothrop, born in New York February 27*^^, 1796. 

Married, , 1822, Jane Gunning. She died September — , 1837. They 

had three children. Married, second, April 12**^, 1839, Sarah, daughter of 

David Coit, of New London, Conn. She was born , 1807. He died 

August 3'''^, 1878. She died February 12*^ 1892. They had four children. 

III Avery ^, Samuel Putnam, born in New York January i^*, 1797. 
Married, January i"*', 1821, Hannah Anne Parked of New York, daughter 
of Benjamin Parke^ and Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke. She was born 
April 24*S 1804. He died July 24*^ 1832. She died June 26*\ 1888. 
They had six children. See forzvard. 

IV Avery^ Sarah Elizabeth, born in New York November 3 ""^ 1798. 

Married, , 1817, Ebenezer R. Dupignac, of New York. He was 

born December i6*^ 1794- He died November — , 1864. They had 
four children. 



CAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY^, third son of John WilHam 
'^ Avery^ and Sarah (Fairchild^) Avery, was born in New York 
January i^*, 1797. Married, January i^*, 1821, Hannah Anne 
(Parke^) Avery. He died July 24*^ 1832. She died June 26*^, 


I Samuel Putnam^ born in New York March 17*^^, 1822. Married, 
November 24**^, 1844, Mary Ann, daughter of Henry Aaron and Katha- 
rine (Conklin) Ogden. She was born December i^*, 1825. He died in 
New York August 11*^, 1904. She died in Hartford, Conn., April 29***, 
191 1. They had six children. See forward. 

II Hannah Stanton^ born in New York October 12**^, 1824. Married, 
May 2°^ 1854, Charles Russell Cornell, of Troy, N Y. He was born 
June 20*\ 1806. She died June 25*^, 1885, in New York. He died Sep- 
tember 12*^^, 1866. They had one daughter. 

HI Susan Jane*, born in New York December ii*\ 1826. Married, 
December 5*^ 1850, Stephen Avery, of Hudson, N. Y. She died March 
l8*\ 1912, in Santa Barbara, Cal. He died January i^*, 1853. They had 
one son. 

IV Benjamin Parke*, born in New York November ii*\ 1828. Mar- 
ried, November 27*^ 1861, Mary Ann Fuller, of San Francisco, Cal., 
born July 13*'', 1827. He died November 8*^, 1875, in Peking, China. 
She died June 9*^, 1913. They had no children. 

V Mary Rebecca Halsey*, born in New York August lo*'^, 1830. 
Married, June 7*^ 1856, Rev. T. De Witt Talmage, of Bound Brook, 
N J., born January 7*\ 1832. She died June 7*\ 1861, in Philadelphia, 
Pa. He died April 12**^, 1902, in Brooklyn, N. Y. They had two children. 

VI Charles Russell*, born in New York, October — , 1832. Died August 



CAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY^, third son of Samuel Putnam 
^ Avery^ and Hannah Anne (Parke) Avery, was born in New 
York March I7*^ 1822 (M.A., Columbia University, 1896). Mar- 
ried, November 24*^ 1844, Mary Ann, daughter of Henry Aaron 
and Katharine (Conklin) Ogden. She was born December i**, 
1825. He died in New York August ii*S 1904. She died in 
Hartford, Conn., April 29*^ 191 1. 


I Mary Henriettas born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 4*'', 1845. 
Died in New York April 7*^, 1900. 

II Samuel Putnam^ born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 7*^, 1847. 
See forward. 

III Fanny Falconer^ born in Brooklyn, N. Y., November 3'''^, 1849. 
Married, February 15*^ 1881, Rev. Manfred P. Welcher, of Newark, 
N. Y. (Williams College, 1877), born October 27*^, 1850. Died in Hart- 
ford, Conn., July 22°*^, 1918. They had four children. 

IV Henry OgdenS born in Brooklyn, N. Y., January 31^*, 1852. Died 
in New York April 30*'', 1890. 

V Emma Parked born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Aligust 29*'', 1853. Died 
in Brooklyn, N. Y., August 31'*, 1857. 

VI Ellen Walters', born in Brooklyn, N. Y, January i^*, 1861. Died 
in New York March 25*^ 1893. 



PEDIGREE connection with Thomas Fairchild^ who came to 
-^ Stratford, Conn., in 1638. 

1. Grandfather, Thomas Fairchild, born in England . Died 

December 14*^ 1670. Grandmother, (Seabrook) Fairchild, born 

in England . "It is not known when she died but her last child was 

born in 1653." 

2. Grandfather, Samuel Fairchild, born in Stratford, Conn., August 
31^*, 1640. Died ^ — , 1704 (?). Grandmother, Mary (Wheeler) Fair- 
child, born in Stratford, Conn., September 13*^ 1655. Died . 

3. Grandfather, Samuel Fairchild, born in Stratford, Conn., , 

1683. Died . Grandmother, Ruth (Beach) Fairchild, born in Strat- 
ford, Conn., , 1685 (?). Died January 30*, 1722. 

4. Grandfather, Samuel Fairchild, born in Stratford, Conn., February 

3'''^, 1710. Died , 1790. Grandmother, Mary (Curtiss) Fairchild, 

born in Stratford, Conn., , 1719. Died , 1783. 

5. Grandfather, John Curtiss Fairchild, born in Stratford, Conn., Feb- 
ruary — ,1745-6. Died • Grandmother, Elizabeth (Burch) Fairchild, 

born in Stratford, Conn., , 1751. Died , 1804, aged 53. 

6. Grandfather, John WiUiam Avery', bom in Rye, N. Y., May 24*^, 

1767. Died in New York , 1799. Grandmother, Sarah (Fairchild) 

Avery, born in Stratford, Conn., February 28*^ 1773. Died in New York, 
May 6*^, 1837. Avery Family, p. 48. 

7. Grandfather, Samuel Putnam Avery, born in New York January 
i^*, 1797. Died in New York July 24*^, 1832. Grandmother, Hannah 
Anne (Parke) Avery, born in New York April 24*'^, 1804. Died in Jersey 
City, N. J., June 26*\ 1888. Parke Family, p. 107, 

8. Father, Samuel Putnam Avery, born in New York March 17*^ 
1822. Died in New York August II*^ 1904. Mother, Mary Ann 
(Ogden) Avery, born in New York December i^*, 1825. Died in Hart- 
ford, Conn., April 29*^, 191 1. 

9. Samuel Putnam Avery was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 7*'', 



of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Westerly, 

Rhode Island 

Richard Park^ i6j^ 


For the following record of the Park Family in America, see: 

Avery Family in America, Dedham Branch. 

Barry's History of Framingham, Massachusetts. 

Bond's Genealogies and History of IVatertown, Massachusetts. 

Connecticut in the Revolution. 

Denison's Westerly and its Witnesses. 

Drake's Dictionary of American Biography. 

Drake's History of Newton, Massachusetts. 

Genealogy of the Cornell Family. 

Genealogy of the Stantons. 

General Register, Society of Colonial Wars, 1 899-1902. 

Jackson's History of Newton, Massachusetts. 

Mackenzie's Colonial Families, U. S. A. Vol. VI. 

Narragansett Historical Register. 

National Cyclopaedia of American History. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, October, 1904. 

Paige's History of Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Parke and Parks of Massachusetts. 

Prominent Families of New York, 1898. 

Records of the Colony of Rhode Island. 

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of New England. 

Some Account of the Park Family. 

The Mayflower Descendants. Vol. III. * 

Vital Records of Westerly, Rhode Island. 

Westerly Church Records, 1751. 

Year Book, Sons of the Revolution, 1909. 



"Gules on a pale argent three buchs heards cabossed of the field, is 
borne by the name of Parke and was confirmed to Tho. Parke of Wisbeach 
in the Isle of Ely in Cambridgeshire by Sir Willm Segar, Garter King at 
Arms 1618." 

Guillims Display of Heraldry. 


Thomas de Park or Parco, Lord , 

of Grimsby temp. King John 

William de Park of Park, co. Glou 
& Grimsby 



nee eldest 

Alicia second 

daur & coheir daur & coheir 

From Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

Richard del Parke held the manor of Coldpike , 

Hill by the Knights service 14 Inquisition P. M. 

Aleanora youngest 
daur & coheir 

r ~~~ 

Gerard Parke son & heir 
aged 21 in 141 1. ob. s. p. 

Edward Parke held the — , 
manor & tenements & 100 
acres which his father 
acquired of Ralph Neville. 
Inq. P. M. 1468. 

1 ; 

Isabella Parke married . . . Walher. 

From Jurhis History of Durham. 



"D ICHARD PARKS born in England about 1602, sailed from 
London in the ship Defence, August lo*^ 1635, and arrived 
at Boston October 3'*^, 1635, bringing with him his wife Margery 
and four children. 

The "Original Lists," edited by John Camden Hotten, under 
"Register of the names of all y« Pasinger w"^ Passed from y« Port 
of London for on whole yeare Endinge at X""*^ 1635 ", page 105, 
has the following: 

Xjo die Julij 1635 

Theis vnder written names are to be transported to New England im- 
barqued in the Defence of Lndon Edward Bostock Mr p Certificate of 
his Conformitie in Religion & that he is no Subsedy man. 
A miller Richard Perk 33 1 
Margery Perk 40 I 
IsABELL Perk 7 [ ^^""^^ 
Elizabeth Perk 4 J 

Parke and Parks of Massachusetts, p. 25. 

There were also two sons, Richard and Thomas, although 
their names do not appear on the passenger list. "After Sep- 
tember i^*, 1656," Richard Park^ married, second, Sarah, daughter 
of William and Jane Collier,* of Duxbury, Mass., widow of Love 
Brewster, of the same place. He died 1665 (?). His will is dated 
July la*'*, 1665, and the inventory August 19*^, 1665. There is 
no record of the death of the first wife, Margery. The second 
wife died April 26*S 1691. 


I Richards born in England, probably before 1628. Married, Mary ( ?). 
On October 14*'*, 1678, Richard Park, of Cambridge, planter, and his 

* See Nathaniel WarrenS page 128. 


wife Mary, conveyed to Joseph Wilson " all that tract of land on which I 
have erected my now dwelling house," etc. As shown in the Cambridge 
Proprietors' Records of 1642, this is the property which Richard Park^ 
owned at that time. They had two children. Parke and Parks of Massa- 
chusetts, pp. 31-34. 

II Thomas^, born in England, 1628-9. Married, December i^*, 1653, 
Abigail Dix, of Watertown, born May 21^*, 1637. He died August n***, 
1690. She died February 3'''^, 1691. They had nine children. See 

III Isabella born about 1625, in England. Married Francis Whit- 
more, of England, born 1625. She died March 31^*, 1665. He died 
October 12*^^, 1685. They had seven children. Whitmore Genealogy, 

IV Elizabeth^ born 1631, in England. Married Edward Winship, of 
Cambridge. She died September 19*^ 1690. They had children. 

Richard Park* settled in Cambridge, Mass., in 1635. He was 
a proprietor at Cambridge Farms (Lexington), in 1642, His 
house was near the commons in Cambridge. In a division of 
lands in 1647, he had eleven acres in Cambridge Village, bounded 
west on Mr. Edward Jackson's land, and the highway to Dedham 
was laid out through it in 1648. The very ancient dwelling house 
which was pulled down about 1800 was supposed to have been 
built by him. It stood within a few feet of the spot now occupied 
by the Eliot church. Previous to 1652, he owned a large tract of 
land in the N. W. part of the village bounded west by the Fuller 
Farm, North by Charles River, East by the Dummer Farm and 
South and East by the Mahew Farm. It contained 600 acres 
which he probably bought of Pastor Shepard or his heirs. By 
his will dated Dec. 5, 1665, witnessed by Elder Wiswall and Hugh 
Mason, he bequeathed to his only son Thomas all his houses and 
lands, after the death of his wife Sarah. By his inventory dated 
19, 8, 1665, taken by John Sherman and John Spring, the dwelling 
house, barn, out houses and 600 acres of land adjoining, whereof 
20 acres is broken up, is appraised at £660 and 29 acres elsewhere 
at £100. The whole amount of the inventory was £972. In 
1657 he was one of a committee, with Edward Jackson, John 
Jackson, and Samuel Hyde, to lay out and settle highways in the 
village. During the contest between the village and Cambridge, 
to be set off, he sent a petition to the Court in 1661 praying to 

retain his connection with the Cambridge church. All his prop- 
erty except 600 acres and buildings was equally divided between 
his two daughters. 

"The situation of the large Park Farm in Newton, in relation 
to Watertown, accounts for the numerous alliances between the 
descendants of Richard Park and Watertown families. The farm 
of Richard Park was contiguous to the small parcel of land be- 
longing to Watertown, on the South side of the Charles River 
and it is probable that his residence was at an early date within 
the bounds of Watertown. . . . 

"The early settlers of Newton, properly so called, numbered 
only twenty, or at most twenty-two. Among them were Jack- 
son, Fuller, Hyde, Park, Ward, Wiswall, Prentice and Trow- 
bridge. The men bearing these names exercised a leading in- 
fluence in all the affairs of the town. By their prudence, piety, 
enterprise and patriotism and virtue, they impressed upon the 
town a character which it is still proud to maintain. Richard 
Park came to Newton from Cambridge in 1647. He died there 
in 1665. He owned a large tract of land in the village. By his 
will, he bequeathed to his only son Thomas this tract of land 
with the houses thereon, after the death of his wife Sarah, who, 
in 1665, moved to Duxbury, Mass.* His son Thomas married 
Abigail Dix of Watertown 1653 and they had five sons and four 
daughters, among whom this tract of land was divided in 1694, 
(Thomas having deceased) and the contents were then about 800 
acres, Thomas having added by purchase 200 acres and built a 
corn mill upon the Charles River, near where the dam now is in 
the North village. 

"Near the spot where the Meeting House of the First Church 
originally stood, a marble pillar was erected September i, 1852, 
with appropriate inscriptions on the four faces, in commem.oration 
of the first inhabitants of the town and recording their names. On 
the West side, the name of Richard Park 1647-1665, appears." 

* The following entry will be found in the First Book of the Plymouth First 
Church Records, Part III, p. 22. The page is dated 1691 and under the heading, 
"Members dyed," is the record: "Mrs Sarah Parke, widow, April 26*^, in her 76*^ 
yeare." Mayflower Descendants, Vol. Ill, p. 192. 


^HOMAS PARKS only son of Richard ParkS was born in 
-■- England 1628 or 1629. Married, December i^S 1653, Abigail 
Dix, daughter of Edward and Jane Dix, of Watertown. He died 
August 11*^ 1689. She died February 3*^^ 1691. 


I Thomas', born November 2"^, 1654, in Cambridge. Died August 
28*^ I 68 I. 

n John', born September 6*\ 1656, in Cambridge. Married, April 
5*^ 1694, Elizabeth Miller, of Watertown. He died March 21^*, 1717-8. 
They had seven children. See forward. 

III Abigail, born March 'i^^, 1658, in Cambridge. Married, December 
9**^, 1679, John Fiske, of Watertown, born November 20*^, 1655. He 
died January 6^^, 171 8. They had eight children. Pierce's Fiske Geneal- 
ogy, p. 91- 

IV Edward', born April 8*^ 1661. Married, March ^3*^ 1694-5, 
Martha Fiske, of Newton, born January 12*'', 1670-1. He died March 
I'*, 1745. They had four children. 

V Richard', born December 21^*, 1663, in Newton. Married Sarah 
King, of Cambridge Farms. He died February i^*, 1737-8. She died 
May i6*S 1727. They had four children. 

VI Sarah', born January 21^*, 1666, in Newton. Married, August 
4*^ 1686, John Knapp, Jr., of Newton, born May 4*^ 1661. She died in 
1727. He died in 1733. They had two children. 

VII Rebecca', born April 13*^ 1668, in Watertown. Married, , 

1685-6, John Sanger, of Watertown, born September 6***, 1657. Died 
January, 1705. They had six children. Genealogies and History of Water- 
town, Massachusetts, Vol. I, p. 422. 

VIII Jonathan', born August 27*^ 1670, in Watertown. Married, 
March 18*^ 1689, Anna Spring, of Watertown, born September 21^*, 
1671. He died January 23"''^, 1718-9. She died April 27*^, 1691. Gene- 
alogies and History of Watertown, Massachusetts, Vol. I, p. 385. 

IX Elizabeth', born July 28*^ 1679, in Newton. Married, , 1698, 

John Holland, of Watertown, born April 7***, 1674. They had eleven 





From photograph taken in 1918 

"Thomas Park^ settled upon the 600 acres left him by his father and 
his home was near the Bemis Mills on the south side of the Charles River. 
The inventory of his estate was dated September 30*^ 1690, and was 
witnessed by William Bond, Isaac WiUiams and Nathan Fiske. The 
estate was divided among his heirs, October 3^^, 1691, and finally settled, 
March 12*^ 1693. 



TOHN PARK3, second son of Thomas Park^ and Abigail (Dix) 
*^ Park, was born in Newton September 6*S 1656. Married, 
second, April 5*^ 1694, Elizabeth Miller, of Watertown. He died 
March 21^*, 1718. 


I Elizabeths born February 24*^*, 1695. Died young. 

II John*, born December 20*^, 1696, in Newton. Married, July 14*^, 
1720, Abigail Lawrence, of Newton. He died May 21^*, 1747. Her will 
is dated January 3'''^, 1757. They had six children. 

III Solomons born October i6*^ 1699, in Newton. Married, June 
21"*, 1722, Lydia Lawrence, of Newton. He died January 3'''^, 1754. 
They had seven children. 

IV Elizabeths born February 27*^ 1701, in Newton. Married, 
November 30**^, 1720, Joseph Morse, of Newton, born August 19*^, 1693. 

V Abigails born April 20*^, 1702, in Newton. Married, June i6*^ 
1724, Nathaniel Whittemore. 

VI Josephs born March I2*^ 1705, in Newton. Married, June I5*\ 
1732, Abigail Greene, of Newton, born 1704. He died March i^S 1777. 
She died October 19*'', 1772. They had nine children. See forward. 

VII MaryS born March I7*^ 1708, in Newton. Married, July 13 *^ 
1727, Isaac Sanger. 

The inventory of John Park's estate is dated April 9*^, 171 8, 
and was witnessed by Jonathan Fuller, Jeremiah Fuller, and 
John Greenwood. In the distribution of his estate. May i8*S 
1720, are mentioned his wife Elizabeth and six children, — John, 
Solomon, Elizabeth, Abigail, Joseph, and Mary. His wife ad- 
ministered the estate. He was a distinguished soldier in the 
Colonial Wars and was severely wounded at the battle of North- 
field, November 20*^ 1675, — "In the elbow joint and the bone 
broken," etc. His petition says it was in the fight in which Cap- 
tain Beers was killed. He remained at Hadley till Major Apple- 
ton's march home, November 24**". Bodges' Soldiers in King 
Phillips' War, pp. 132-149. 


^ s 


TOSEPH PARK^ third son of John Park^ and Elizabeth 
*^ (Miller) Park, was born in Newton March I2*\ 1705. Mar- 
ried, June I5*\ 1732, Abigail Greene, of Newton, born 1704. He 
died March i«*, 1777. She died October I9*^ 1772. 


I Jonathan Greene^ born October 30*% 1733, in Westerly, R. I. 

II Benjamin^ born November l^S 1735, in Westerly. Married, De- 
cember 4*\ 1757, Hannah Stanton York, of Westerly, born June i^*, 1739. 
He died June I7*^ 1775. She died December — , 1800. They had nine 
children. See forward. 

III Joseph^ born in Westerly, November i**, 1735. 

IV Thomas^ born in Westerly, , 1738. 

V Anne\ born in Westerly, , 1739. Married, September 7*S 1758, 

Peleg Pendleton, of Stonington, Conn., born July 9*^, 1733. She died 
March 20*'', 1817. He died July I0*^ i8io. They had eleven children. 
History of Stonington, p. 532. 

VI John Parks born in Westerly, , 1742. Married, November 4*'', 

1772, Abigail Chapman, of Charlestown, R. I. He died in Searsport, 
Maine, i8i2. She died March 4*^ 1790. They had nine children. 

VII HenryS born in Westerly, , 1744. 

VIII SamueP, born in Westerly, , 1747. Died September 29*'', 


IX MaryS bom in Westerly, , 1749. 

Joseph Parks third son of John Park^ and Elizabeth (Miller) 
Park, was borri in Newton, Mass., March I2*^ 1705. After his 
graduation at Harvard College in 1720, with the degree of B.A., 
subsequently receiving the degree of M.A. in 1724, he studied 
for the ministry, was ordained in 1730, and moved to Westerly, 
R. I., in 1732, to which place he was appointed missionary to the 
Indians and such English as would attend. He entered his new 

field of labor in 1733, occupying a meeting-house on a lot of land 
given by George Ninegret, chief sachem of the Indians. The lot 
comprised twenty acres and was situated near the post-road in 
the eastern part of the present town. His congregation came 
from Westerly, Charlestown, and Narragansett. This occurred 
in 1733, before the division of the town of Westerly. Rev. Mr. 
Park took up his residence near the center of the town (now in 
Charlestown near the boundary Hne), as being the best location 
near the tribe for whose benefit he was sent. His house was on 
an elevation near the road, north side, and the meeting-house in 
which he officiated was not far distant. 

At the time of Rev. Mr. Park's arrival the white inhabitants 
attended the Sabbatarian Church, but probably that house of 
worship was not large enough to accommodate but a part of the 
population — for he said "I found a comfortable appearance of 
humanity and courtesy among the people — but as I learned, 
only one House of Prayer in two large towns, that held hundreds 
of families. Few possessed the faith of God's operations on the 
heart, or the true doctrine of grace." 

But the Indians were not so easily influenced for good as the 
Plymouth settlers imagined. Their ancient chieftain Ninigret 
had forbidden Christians dealing with or preaching to his people, 
until the effect of their doctrine was visible on the white people. 
His will was so strictly followed that after a residence of nine 
years not a solitary Narragansett was a member of Rev. Mr. 
Park's church — yet at that time he had a respectable congrega- 
tion of EngUsh and natives. 

But having labored nine years, in 1742 a great revival sprung 
up among the English; and fourteen members were added to his 
church. This was succeeded by a great inquiry among the In- 
dians, many of whom joined the church. 

Early in the year 1751 there was, apparently, a division of 
sentiment in Mr. Park's congregation, because on May 2g^^ he 
removed and settled at Mattatuck, near Southfield, L. I., where 
he labored until 1756, when he returned to Westerly, and was 
formally settled again, May 23'*^, 1759. This church established 

a Sabbath school * thirty years before the experiment by Robert 
Raikes in England, and Mr. Park was its first pastor. 

The following letter was written and sent to Mrs. Park, after 
she had moved to Mattatuck: 

Westerly, March ye i6th. 

Dear Madam: I can truly say you have been the truest and best 
friend to me, and I believe to all the church you have discharged ye cov- 
enant vows and obligations. You have been a great means of strength- 
ening my hope, and conveying light to me. It has been an admiration 
to be able to see you sell all that was near and dear to you for Christ's 
sake, and ye unfeigned love that truly and plainly appears in you toward 
the brethren since our dismission from the church of Christ. Dismissing 
their Pastor in striving and laboring hard against flesh, and keeping the 
gospel in ye faith and order of it, in this place or rather to have settled 
here. Dear Madam, Time would fail me to recount all the good deeds 
ye have done but now blessed be God who hath given me light — for 
now I can feel imperfectly that passage of Scripture where the woman 
poured rich ointment upon our Lord Jesus Christ and the Lord said 
"trouble not ye woman, for wherever the Gospel is preached throughout 
ye whole world, this that she hath done shall be spoken for a memorial 
of her." So it shall be of you. 

Dear Madam — gratitude demands more than this from me. It being 
greatly to ye glory of God for ye work is the Lords and where God is not 
acknowledged in His work he is robbed of His glory. Begging an interest 
in your prayers with unfeigned love to you and yours, I remain your 
humble and affectionate brother and servant. 

Christopher Sugar, Clerk. 
March ye i6th 1752. 

Extract from the Westerly Church records. 

Jn those days the magistracy was considered to be an awful 
power — to be expected that all men should bow to its behests 
without complaint. But Rev. Mr. Park in his stern integrity 
supposed the law of God to be superior to that of man, and in one 
instance in particular cast himself upon that higher law, when 
the laws of man were administered in opposition to it, in his 

* See "Yale Lectures on the Sunday School," by Henry Clay Trumbull. John 
Wesley, minister to Savannah, Ga., 1736-37, was founder of the Sunday School of 
Christ Church at that place. 


A sermon written by him and published in 1761 is preceded 
by a narration of the causes which led to the publication. He 

"Sometime in the winter of 1759 it pleased God to visit the 
town of Westerly with his sore judgment the small pox, brought 
from New York by some boat men. The authority pressed the 
widow Lambert, to nurse the sick; she was by birth an EngHsh 
woman, had lived several years in the town, employed by some of 
the principal inhabitants of the town to school-mistress for their 
children to good acceptance, and by her industry had something 
considerable. The persons whom she assisted to nurse died and 
she was ordered to be cleansed, and sent home, which was done! 
A maid where she was boarding caught the disease, and a woman 
pressed to take care of her, Ann Chroucher by name, carried it to 
another family. Being complained of, she had nearly perished 
for want of a place to live not belonging to the town — but was 
finally received at Deacon Gavitts." A terrible clamor was 
raised against her and when she appeared in court no one under- 
took her defense until Rev. Mr. Park kindly attempted to assist 
her. For this he was sharply rebuked by the justice for his in- 
terference. He took the woman to his house until he could suc- 
ceed in mitigating the sentence passed upon her by the justice. 

His efforts were of no avail — and he then refused compliance 
with their judgment as contrary to law. In his narration he says: 

"As I privately did testify against such things — that they 
would bring down the heavy judgment of God, I thought it my 
duty also to give public warning; and accordingly on next Lord's 
day, I preached a sermon, Jeremiah 5th Chapter: 9th verse — 
Shall I not visit for these things saith the Lord, and shall not my 
soul be avenged on such a nation as this? " 

In the sermon he says: "I have told you, and it is the truth of 
God, that nothing short of sincere repentance, faith unfeigned 
and new obedience will help to prevent our ruin. I am sure if we 
go on in the course we generally do, distinction and misery are in 
our way — I know not a law of God or a word of his grace, but is 
trampled under foot, broken, and despised by one or another. 
[ 100] 

f -f 

Will God bear long with these things? Surely not, or if he does, 
has he done it already, and will he always bear with it? " 

This sermon was preached in the Presbyterian meeting-house 
in Westerly, R. I., upon the twenty-fourth day of February, 
1760, by Rev. Joseph Park, M.A., Minister of the Word of God. 

The following inscriptions are from old gravestones in the old 
graveyard on the north side of the post-road just out of Westerly 
going to Charlestown, a few rods east of the residence of Christo- 
pher Rathbun, near where the shore road enters the post-road. 
The meeting-house or church is now gone. 



These stones were in a good state of preservation in 191 8. 

Joseph Park's will is now in the possession of the Westerly, 
R. I., Historical Society. It was formerly owned by Hannah 
Anne Parke^, born April 24^^ 1804, died June 26*^, 1888 (great- 
granddaughter), wife of Samuel Putnam Avery^ and was presented 
to the Society by one of her sons. 




ENJAMIN PARKS, second son of Joseph Park^ and Abigail 
(Greene) Park, was born in Westerly, R. I., November i'*, 

Westerly, born June i^*, 1739, daughter of James Stanton York 
and Jemima (Shaw) York. He died June 17*^ 1775. She died 
December, 1800. 


I Mary^ born September 8*^ 1758, in Westerly. Died at Parkevale, 

II Jonathan Greene^ born March 5*^ 1760, in Westerly. Died 
March 25*^ 1761. 

III Joseph^ born November 13*^, 1763, in Charlestown, R. I. 

IV Benjamin^ born September 16*^, 1765, in Charlestown, R. I. 
Married, 1800, Susanna Maria Keens, of New York, born December 2°"^, 
1776. He died August S*'^, 1807. She died February 17*^, 1807. They 
had two children. See forward. 

V Thomas^ born September i^*, 1767, in Charlestown. Married, 
December 4*^ 1800, Eunice Champlin, of Newport, R. I., born September 
I8*^ 1768. He died November 16*^, 1842. She died November I9*^ 
1857. They had eight children. 

VI John®, born August zg**", 1769, was lost at sea. 

VII Hannah Stanton^ born July 12*^, 1771, in Charlestown. Died 
183 1, Harrisburg, Pa. 

VIII Henry^ born September 12*'', 1774, in Charlestown. Died 1830. 

IX Susan«. 

Benjamin Park^ was born in Westerly, R. I., November i"*, 
1735, and with his twin brother Joseph, Jr., and Thomas, is given 
the credit, by various writers, of having fought at Crown Point, 
N. Y., 1756 and at Fort William Henry, Lake George, N. Y., 1758, 
also with having participated at the battle of Bunker Hill, June 
jyth^ 1775, "where he was killed," although apparently there are 
(aside from the letter written by his wife, Mrs. Hannah Stanton 
York Park, dated Charlestown, R. I., April 20*^ 1782, almost 
[ 102 ] 

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seven years after the battle) no civil or military records extant 
which prove that Benjamin Park^ was officially commissioned 
and served as Captain at this battle. Undoubtedly he served in 
the Colonial and Revolutionary wars and may have been desig- 
nated as Captain when connected with volunteers called upon 
for special alarms, etc. See the following: 

April li*\ 1756. Appointed Wednesday 14*'* as a day of fasting and 
prayer, to humble ourselves before God, to implore His gracious presence 
with, and blessings to our young brethern Joseph Park, Jr., Benjamin 
Park and Thomas Park and William Garrit, all who offered their desires 
in writing to this society, and we Pray that God of His infinite mercy will 
hear and answer, and also that God would bless our Army in general, who 
are going forth against our enemies. 

The young men here mentioned were in the expedition that went forth 
for the reduction of Crown Point, N. Y., in 1756. It will be noticed that 
three of them were sons of Rev. Joseph Park, who was always a man of 
public spirit. 

Whereas the Rev. Joseph Park of Charlestown in the County of 
Kings, presented this Assembly with a memorial setting forth that he 
hath ever been ready to contribute all the assistance in his power to stop 
his Majesty's enemies from their injurious encroachments on his dominion 
and just rights in America and to defend the Country. That in the year 
of 1756 he consented to the voluntary service of three of his sons who 
served in the expedition formed for the reduction of Crown Point; that 
when they were discharged from the service upon their return homeward, 
they put their clothing and other furniture to the value of £100 cur- 
rency, in their chest which was unfortunately lost in the sea. . . . 

That this summer when the enemy attacked Fort WilUam Henry, 
[in 1758] they volunteered in the stead of officers who declined, that they 
did this without any consideration purely to serve their country, that he 
the memorialist was thereby put to considerable charge, wherefore he 
prays for such allowance as should be thought proper. 

On consideration whereof this Assembly do vote and resolve that the 
sum of £100 be paid said Joseph Park out of the general Treasury, for 
the use of his aforesaid sons, as an allowance for what they lost, as afore- 
said, but that nothing be allowed them as officers. Rhode Island Colonial 
Records, Vol. VI, p. 119, 1758. 

Denison in his "Westerly and its Witnesses" says "this good, 
laborious, tried and faithful man [Rev. Joseph Park^] died at 
his home in Westerly in the seventy-second year of his age, and 
fourty-fifth year of his ministry." He had nine children, three 
of whom distinguished themselves in the Colonial wars, viz., 
E 103 ] 

Joseph, Jr., Benjamin, and Thomas, notably at Crown Point In 
1756, on Lake Champlain and Fort William Henry in 1758, on 
Lake George. Benjamin was prominently identified with the 
struggle of the colonies in the early days of the Revolution, march- 
ing to the relief of the troops on the Lexington Alarm, April 19*'', 
1775. He participated in the severe engagement at Bunker Hill, 
June 17*'^, 1775, "where he was killed" 

His son, Captain Benjamin Park, joined the patriot army, and was 
never heard of after the battle of Bunker Hill. Drake's American Biog- 
raphy, p. 687. 

Benjamin Park, Captain, seven days in service. Ad jt. -General's Record 
of Service of Connecticut Men in the War of the Revolution. 

April the ii*\ 1756, Joseph Park, Jr., Lieutenant Benjamin Park and 
Thomas Park, Sergeants, went forth for the reduction of Crown Point. 

April the 11*'^, 1756 Appointed Wednesday, ye 14*'' of this Instant as 
a day of Fasting and Prayer, to Humble ourselves before God, to Implore 
his gracious presence with, and blessing to, our young Brethren, Joseph 
Park, Jun., Lieutenant; Benjamin Park and Thomas Park, Sergeants; 
and WilHam Gavit, Corporal, all who offered their Desires in writing to 
this Society, (of which they all are members); and we pray that God of 
his Infinite Mercy will hear and answer ... as also that God would 
bless our army in general, who are going forth against our Enemies. 
Denison's Westerly and its Witnesses, p. 72. 

Denison in his work on Westerly, page no, says, "Worthy of 
conspicuous and enduring record are the noble sentiments ex- 
pressed by the freemen of Westerly in the beginning of 1774 at a 
meeting which was the largest ever held in the town." 

The records state: "At a town meeting, specially called, and 
held at the dwelling-house of Major Edward Bliven, in Westerly, 
in the county of Kings, Feb. 2, A.D. 1774, the Hon. Samuel Ward, 
Esq., was chosen Moderator. 

"The Moderator and several other gentlemen, viz., Joshua 
Babcock, Esq., Mr. James Rhodes, Col. W". Pendleton, Mr. 
George Sheffield, Oliver Crary, Esq., and Captain Benjamin 
Park, were appointed a Committee to take the important sub- 
jects before the meeting into their consideration and report as 
soon as may be, what measures will be proper for the Town to 
take in the present alarming situation of the Colonies!! " 
[ 104] 




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Mrs. Hannah Stanton Park's Petition For Relief * 

To the Honorable, the General Assembly of the State of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, to be holden at Newport, in said State, in May, 1782. 

The Memorial of Hannah Stanton Park, of Charlestown (widow), 
Humbly showeth that Captain Benjamin Park, your Memorialist's late 
husband, being highly impressed with the Justness of the American War, 
and zealous at the risk of his life, of rendering his country every service 
in his power, did, in the beginning of the month of June, 1775, at the ex- 
pense of forty pounds lawful money, arm, and otherwise equip himself; 
and set himself out to join his brethren in the American Army then lying 
against and blockading the British Army in Boston. 

That he arrived among our troops some few days before our troops took 
possession of, and broke ground on Bunker Hill. That in pursuit of his 
laudable intentions he joined himself with that brave handful of men 
under the command of the never to be forgotten General Warren, with 
full purpose at the risk of his life, to contribute all in his power to defend, 
that important hill. 

When your Memorialist's husband was in that dreadful action of the 
17th of June, where he received two wounds from the enemy in the action 
of that day, and was, in the retreat of our army, left to suffer the cruel 
rage of a merciless enemy. Since which time he has not been heard of, 
nor found among the living, and your Memorialist having thus suffered 
in the cause was left a widow with eight small, fatherless children to 
support, without any consolation but of that of his having spilt his blood 
for his Country's cause. 

That your Memorialist hath ever since, even beyond her ability, 
exerted and contributed all in her power to pay taxes to carry on the 
war and has of late been obliged to borrow money for that purpose, in- 
somuch that the debt she has contracted to discharge her taxes, and 
support her family, hath increased to a large debt upon her. Wherefore 
your Memoriahst would pray the interposition of your Honors in her 
favor, and that she may have some just part of the public monies ade- 
quate to her late husband's losses in arms and necessaries in the public 
service. Or that your Honors would otherwise take into consideration 
her distressed circumstances, and grant and enact that she may in future 
be exempted from all public taxes during the war, or such time as your 
Honors in your great wisdom shall think just and reasonable. 

And your Memorialist as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

Your Honor's Humble Servant 
H. S. Park. 

Dated at Charlestown 

This 20*'' day of April, A.D. 1782. 

* Narragansett Historical Register, Vol. I, p. 217. 


"OENJAMIN PARKE6 (who added the final e to his name) was 
■*^ the third son of Benjamin Park^ born September i6*^ 1765, 
in Charlestown, R. I. Married, 1800, Susanna Maria Keens, of 
New York, born December 2°*^, 1776, daughter of Joseph and 
Mary (Giles) Keens. He died August 5*\ 1807. She died Feb- 


I Susannah 

II Hannah Anne^ born April 24*^, 1804, in New York. Married, 
January i^*, 1821, Samuel Putnam Avery, of New York, born January 
i^S 1797. She died June 26*\ 1888, in Jersey City, N. J. He died July 
24*^*, 1832, in New York. They had six children. See forward. 

Benjamin Parke^ went to New York after his mother's death, 
December, 1800, and engaged in the shipping business with his 
brother Joseph. He died in New York City, August 5*\ 1807, 
and was buried in Trinity Churchyard on Broadway, New York 
City, about eighteen paces north of, and near the west end of the 
church. Susanna his wife was born December 2^^, IJJ^, and died 
February 17*^, 1807. She is buried in Trinity Churchyard on 
Broadway, in the same grave with her mother Mary Keens, and 
next to her husband, Benjamin Parke. 

[106 J 

Ill I" 


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i/ ^ '^^^^^ 




ANNAH ANNE PARKER second daughter of Benjamin 
Parke® and Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke, was born April 

Putnam Avery^", of New York, born January i^*, 1797. She died 
June 26*^ 1888. He died July 24*^ 1832. 


I Avery^ Samuel Putnam, born March 17**', 1822, in New York. Mar- 
ried, November 24*^, i844,Mary Ann Ogden, of New York, born December 
I*S 1825, daughter of Henry Aaron and Katharine (Conklin) Ogden, of 
New York. He died August 11*'', 1904, in New York. She died April 
29'^ 191 1, in Hartford, Conn. They had six children. See forward. 

H Avery S Hannah Stanton, born October 12*^, 1824, in New York. 
Married, May 2°^ 1854, Charles R. Cornell, of Troy, N. Y., born June 
20*^, 1806. She died June 2S*^ 1885, in New York. He died September 
I2*^ 1866. They had one daughter. 

HI Avery^ Susan Jane, born December 11*^, 1826, in New York. 
Married, December 5*^^, 1850, Stephen Avery, of Hudson, N. Y. She 
died March l8*'\ 1912, in Santa Barbara, Cal. He died January i^*, 
1853, in New York. They had one son. 

IV Avery ^ Benjamin Parke, born November 11*'^, 1828, in New York. 
Married, November 27*^, 1861, Mary Ann Fuller, of San Francisco, 
Cal., born July I3*^ 1827. He died November 8^'\ 1875, in Peking, 
China. She died June 9***, 1913, in San Francisco. They had no children. 

V Avery^ Mary Rebecca Halsey, born August lo*^ 1830, in New York. 
Married, June 7*"^, 1856, Rev. T. De Witt Talmage, of Bound Brook, 
N. J., born January 7*'^, 1832. She died June 7*^ 1861, in Philadelphia, 
Pa. He died April 12*^ 1902, in Brooklyn, N. Y. They had two children., 

VI Avery*, Charles Russell, born October, 1832, in New York. Died 
August s*\ 1833. 

Hannah Anne (Parke) Avery^ second daughter of Benjamin 
Parke® and Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke, was born in New 
York City, April 24*^ 1804. Her womanhood was passed in 

kindly deeds, patriotic efforts, and charity which was as broad as 
it was bountiful, knowing no creed or color. In the War of the 
Rebellion of the slave-holding states she was active in sending 
delicacies to our sick and wounded soldiers, in caring for their 
widows and orphans, and was the chief instrument in founding a 
home for the children of the dead soldiers. She subsequently 
became identified with Mrs. Gen. U. S. Grant in extending this 
work, and was at one time vice-president when Mrs. Grant was 
president of the National Organization. 



OAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY^, third son of Samuel Putnam 
^ Avery' and Hannah Anne (Parke^) Avery, was born in New 
York March I7*^ 1822 (M.A., Columbia University, 1896). 
Married, November 24*^ 1844, Mary Ann Ogden, of New York, 
born December i^*, 1825, daughter of Henry Aaron Ogden and 
Katharine (ConkHn) Ogden. He died August ii*\ 1904, in New 
York. She died April 29*^ 191 1, in Hartford, Conn. 


I Mary Henrietta^, born October 4*\ 1845, in Brooklyn, N. Y. Died 
April 7**^, 1900, in New York. 

II Samuel Putnam*, born October 7^^, 1847, in Brooklyn, N. Y. See 

III Fanny Falconer^ born November 3'''^, 1849, in Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Married, February is^^, 1881, Rev. M. P. Welcher, of Newark, N. Y., 
born October 27*^, 1850 (Williams College, 1877). She died July 22°^ 
191 8, in Hartford, Conn. They had four children. 

IV Henry Ogden^, born January 3 1^*, 1852, in Brooklyn, N. Y. Died 
April 30*'*, 1890, in New York. 

V Emma Parke*, born August 29**^, 1853, in Brooklyn, N. Y. Died 
August 31'*, 1857, in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

VI Ellen Walters*, born January i«*, 1861, in Brooklyn, N. Y. Died 
March 2S*\ 1893, in New York. 

Samuel P. Avery^ who is dead at a ripe age, was one of those men, 
more plentiful in a world much accused of sordidness than the world 
knows, who do good without employing a press agent to state the fact. 
Beginning life as an engraver, he naturally acquired an interest in art, 
and became one of the best known dealers in pictures in the metropolis. 
It was to his encouragement that many of the American as well as not a 
few of the foreign artists owed their success. The various societies or- 
ganized for sales and exhibitions, and the various schools established for 
the teaching of art in all its branches, had his quiet but effective and 
monetary support. At the time of his death he was a member of seven 
[ 109] 

of these societies, and was a patron of most of the schools. But his use- 
fulness and his generosity extended beyond his chosen field. He was a 
trustee of three public libraries, a founder of the Metropolitan Museum, 
a veteran of the army, a giver to charities, he endowed several free beds 
in hospitals, he took a part in educational work in the South, and in 
measures designed to protect and enlighten the Indian, he created the 
library in the Teachers College, and made and endowed the library of 
architecture in Columbia University which gave to him [in 1896] the 
degree of Master of Arts. To the Lenox Library he gave his remarkable 
collection of prints and examples of lithography, illustrating that art in 
its completeness, these gifts numbering over 17,000. Withal he was not 
a remarkably rich man, and he never put himself on exhibition when a 
service was to be done for the community, although he was one who could 
be counted upon to do more than his share of it. His memory is held in 
love and reverence by the whole body of painters, sculptors, architects 
and medalists, whom he assisted, and by the educators of the country. 
He set an example worthy to be kept before those who have either wealth 
or talent to devote to the public interest. Brooklyn Eagle, August 13*^ 


The vagaries and habits of the collector are legion, while his motives 
are as varied as his habits. Some men collect books for investment, resell 
their libraries, and gloat over the profits; others buy purely with the idea 
of reading, while again some have the dual motive of pleasure in reading 
rare books and of a shrewd investment. To none of these classes did the 
late Mr. Samuel P. Avery belong. He was a collector primarily for his 
own pleasure and delectation, and secondarily for the purpose of doing 
good to those to whom he was a benefactor and of helping those from 
whom he was a purchaser. He was that rara avis, an altruistic collector. 

Mr. Avery began life as an engraver on copper, and early had his at- 
tention drawn to the artistic and mechanical part of book-making. He 
was once employed by a bank note company. It was natural, therefore, 
that all through his career he should be an ardent admirer as well as col- 
lector of specimens of fine book-making, as regards type, illustration, 
and general format. 

Mr. Avery also practiced wood engraving, and became very skillful 
at his art. He compiled and illustrated several volumes of humorous 
quality, and those who knew him soon discovered that he possessed a 
keen sense of humor. It was a matter of course that when The Grolier 
Club was founded in 1884 Mr. Avery should take a deep interest in its 
object and work, and all through his career he was a constant attendant 
at its meetings, working on important committees, besides serving the 
club as its president. It is said that his record for attendance at the 
monthly members' meetings exceeded that of any other member of this 
well-known organization. Not only was his interest manifested by the 
giving of his time, but Mr. Avery early began to present the library of 
the club with books, engravings, bindings, etc. As a collector Mr. Avery 
was most discriminating and careful in his buying, and early formed one 



To Mr. Samuel P. Avery 

I have illustrated this little book (Le Bibliomane 
par Charles Nodier), with particular interest, because of 
my connection with Mr. Nodier's family, and the 
affection I had for his little son who has just died. 
As for the water-color, I have had great pleasure in 
using it, as a frontispiece, and in it put the figure of a 
man of taste and a true book lover, for whom I have 
profound esteem and sincere friendship. 

Maurice Leloir 

Parii,July 1 0th, 1896 

of the best collections of bookbindings, as a fine art, ever made in this 

Every institution in this country with which he was directly associated, 
and many which had no possible claim upon him, were enriched by his 
gifts. To the Avery Architectural Library he gave his very complete 
collection of books on fine bindings, and the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art was a frequent recipient of books of interest, particularly those re- 
lating to etchings, engravings, and the allied arts. Even remote college 
libraries received unsolicited gifts, generally relating to the arts and 

It is said by one of Mr. Avery's most intimate friends that his library 
at the time of his death was not a large one, because he was such a con- 
stant giver of books. It represented only the undistributed remnant. 

The writer has been in some of Mr. Avery's haunts in Paris and Lon- 
don, and wherever he was a familiar figure the verdict was the same; 
namely, that he was a most well-informed, modest, courteous, kindly 
gentleman of the old school whose object seemed to rather give than to 
get. One phase of his kindliness will long be remembered by men greatly 
his junior. He never seemed to look down upon them, but always treated 
them as possessing great possibilities, and many a kind word spoken to a 
young engraver or bookbinder was followed by a substantial order. Mr. 
Avery did not do like some collectors, wait until the fame of an artisan 
or artist was established and his name on every one's lips, and then to 
seek his wares, but he early recognized merit and took an especial pride 
in being among the first to order the work of new men. 

Mr. William Matthews, the first American binder who gained stand- 
ing as a master, was a lifelong friend of Mr. Avery's, and the writer well 
remembers watching Mr. Avery at the sale of Mr. Matthews's library 
some years ago, securing books which had formed the subject of their 
united taste, and many hours of discussion. 

Of bookplates, he used three, if not more; one engraved by the English 
master, C. W. Sherborn, one made for the Avery Architectural Library, 
one engraved by French, forming No. lo in Mr. Lemperly's check list. 
This was made in memory of his daughter, Miss Ellen Walters Avery, 
whose library was presented by her father to the Teachers College, and 
is dated March 25 *'^, 1893. It is one of the most successful of Mr. French's 
creations. The design represents a lyre, telescope, daisies, etc., worked 
into an elaborate border, while an open book of music, an astronomy, a 
natural history, a church history, a volume of poems, and the "Imitation 
of Christ " are set in an artistic group, evidently representing the tastes 
of his daughter. 

Mr. Avery was a delightful letter writer, and something of a punster, 
while he prided himself on saying all he had to say on a given subject in 
the briefest possible way. His notelets became famous, and a friend of 
the writer has told of many such being preserved by him because they 
were too clever and quaintly humorous to throw away. 

One can see him now seated at his desk in his library (which was in 


the front room of the second story of his house), opening his morning mail 
from correspondents almost all over the globe, giving advice here, or- 
dering books there, writing kindly notes to various people who were dis- 
couraged about their failures, and always preserving the equipoise and 
kindliness which were so characteristic of himself in all that he wrote. 
His letters, if published, would form a charming chronicle of art, life, and 
thought in New York for the last fifty years. Evening Post, August 27*^ 

Samuel Putnam Avery, one of the original Trustees of the Museum, 
died on August ll*'^, 1904, after thirty-four years of continuous service. 

The following resolutions were adopted by the Trustees: 

The early founders of the Metropolitan Museum of Art have nearly 
all passed away. Presidents Johnston, Marquand, and Rhinelander 
have gone over to the majority. It now becomes our painful duty to 
record upon our minutes the death of our late associate and friend, 
Samuel Putnam Avery. 

Mr. Avery was a member of the first board of trustees of the Museum 
and was, until his death, one of its most useful, active, and intelligent 
members. He brought to the service of the Museum a large experience 
in the world of art, a mind enriched by travel and trained by the ob- 
servation and study of the world's famous collections. His conscientious 
devotion to all his duties was remarkable. His business brought him in 
frequent contact with the great painters of the last half century, both at 
home and abroad, and many of the best works of foreign masters passed 
through his hands. After his retirement from business his activity was 
continued in the several public institutions in which he was a hard- 
working trustee. 

Mr. Avery was also a most discriminating collector of porcelains, 
bronzes, and other art objects, and of line books. His library was small 
but choice, and was rich in bindings, executed by the famous bibliopegists 
of the present and former times. It is probable that Mr. Avery's name 
will be best known and longest remembered by reason of his extraordinary 
liberality (often concealed from public observation) both to individuals 
and institutions. A large proportion of the books, prints, bronzes, etc., 
in The Grolier Club, were presented by him. In nearly all of the art 
clubs of the city will be found mementos of his thoughtful consideration, 
and his gifts were not confined to this city alone. This Museum is in- 
debted to Mr. Avery for a valuable collection of medals by Roty, and a 
large number of paintings and art objects, and he was a constant con- 
tributor to its library. In Mrs. Avery's name he enriched the Museum 
with a large collection of rare and valuable antique silver spoons. 

The bequest to the New York Public Library of 17,000 etchings, a 

collection representing the patient and intelligent work of forty years, 

shows how catholic Mr. Avery was in selecting art treasures and how 

thoughtful he was for the public welfare in distributing them during his 




lifetime. In memory of a daughter who died in 1893 Mr. Avery estab- 
lished a library in the Teachers' College, giving his daughter's books, to 
which he added many others. 

The crowning glory of Mr. Avery's beneficence is the architectural 
library presented to Columbia University in memory of his son, Henry 
Ogden Avery, a talented young architect. This library is said, upon 
good authority, to be one of the best in this country on this special 

Mr. Avery was a friend to all good men. His regard for those favored 
with his intimate acquaintance will always be a fragrant memory. An 
hour spent in his company among the many attractive objects in his 
private library was serenely enjoyable. He was a man of the highest 
ideals, who placed character above all other attainments. As a well- 
deserved recognition of his long and disinterested service, seventy-five 
friends presented him with a gold medal on his seventy-fifth birthday. 

His example will remain an inspiration for good deeds. He has made 
the world better worth living in for those who come after him. 

J. PiERPONT Morgan, 

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 


Wm. L. Andrews Jno. L. Cadwalader 

John Bigelow H. C. Fahnestock 

Chas. Stewart Smith Edward D. Adams 

Robert W. deForest Geo. A. Hearn 

Whitelaw Reid Wm. Church Osborn 

Elihu Root Frederick Dielman 

Jno. S. Kennedy Chas. F. McKim 

D. O. Mills Daniel C. French 

Thirty-fifth annual report of the trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of 
Arty New York, 1905. 



■pENJAMIN PARKE AVERY^, second son of Samuel Put- 
-'-' nam Avery and Hannah Anne (Parke'') Avery, was born in 
New York November II*^ 1828. Married, November 27*S 
i86i, at San Francisco, Cal., Mary Ann Fuller, born July 13*'', 
1827. He died November 8*^ 1875, in Peking, China. She died 
June 9*^, 1913. There were no children. 

The telegraphic announcement of Hon. B. P. Avery's death reached 
here yesterday via the Atlantic, but we refrained from stating the fact 
with the faint hope that the news might prove to be untrue. We were 
unwilling to believe that our friend had been called away, notwithstand- 
ing the known ravages of the disease which for years held him in its toils 
and caused him mental and bodily torture such as seldom falls to the lot 
of man. His geniality and patience enabled him to bear more than others, 
though his physical powers were never on a par with his master mind. 
Benjamin Parke Avery was born and reared in New York, and obtained 
the groundwork of his education in the public schools of that city. He 
was for a while engaged in printing and engraving in New York, but 
from the time of leaving school was a hard student. He was studious 
from the first and a regular visitor to the bookstores. In 1849, at the 
age of nineteen years, he sailed for San Francisco via Cape Horn, and 
upon his arrival here engaged in mining with indifferent success. He 
often said that some of the happiest moments of his life were spent in the 
mining camps of Nevada, Yuba, Trinity and Siskiyou, and many were the 
entertaining anecdotes he would relate of his mining experience. Nature 
never intended him for the hardships appertaining to placer mining in 
those days, and he wisely changed his pursuit and established a drug- 
store at North San Juan, Nevada County. Subsequently he established 
the San Juan Press, which under his administration became one of the 
best country papers of the state. The hearts of the people in this Httle 
camp warmed towards him, as was always the case in every community 
that was favored with his presence, and it was with sincere regret that 
they saw him leave for Marysville. In the latter city he started the 
Marysville Appeal, in connection with Noah Brooks, now of the New 
York Times, and the paper soon attracted attention for its ability and 
fairness. Afterwards he held the position of State Printer for two years, 


having been elected by the Republicans. In 1873-4 he was the Legisla- 
tive correspondent for the Bulletin and soon thereafter entered the edi- 
torial rooms of that journal, first performing the duties of the city editor 
and a few months later occupying a position as one of the leading editorial 
writers. It was in the latter capacity that he especially distinguished 

Although debarred from a collegiate course he possessed a knowledge 
of the classics such as seldom falls to the lot of graduates. In science, 
literature, and art he was remarkably well versed, and it was often said 
of him that he could take any topic of the day and treat it with singular 
ability and thoroughness and surprising dispatch. He appealed to the 
good sense and the honor of the public, in dealing with public questions, 
and won adherents for the right measures where others would have failed. 
He was eloquent, persuasive, candid. He was conscientious in thought 
and deed. He endeared himself to his associates by countless deeds of 
kindness and self-sacrifice. No one could come in contact with him with- 
out realizing his goodness of heart. We are saying nothing new to the 
people of California, for we know that his reputation as a man of sterling 
worth has reached every city, town, and hamlet, in the state. Year after 
year great bronzed, bearded miners dropped into the Bulletin editorial 
rooms to see their old friend "Ben Avery," as they were wont to call 
him, and he was proud of their friendship. 

After nine years of hard work upon the Bulletin Mr. Avery retired on 
account of ill-health and took to the mountains. In January, 1874, he 
became editor of the Overland Monthly Magazine, a position which he 
held for six months, when he departed for China as United States Minister. 
His diplomatic services in China were of great value to the Government, 
and his record there, as elsewhere, was admirable in every respect. The 
honorable and useful career of Mr. Avery has had few parallels in this 
country. The pen that can do justice to the nobility of his character has 
never been made. But we who knew the good man gone will waft our 
benisons to his bier and cherish his memory. Daily Stock Report, San 
Francisco, Cal., December, 1875. 

The intelligence that Hon. Benjamin P. Avery, American Minister to 
China, is dead, will cause sincere sorrow all over this coast. He was a 
man in whom the graces of a brilliant mind were adorned and heightened 
by a character absolutely pure. Many of us remember when his pen 
marked a new departure in California journaHsm, and when the thought- 
ful men of the coast asked, "Who is this writer, who can state truths 
without being offensive, and can charm those even who disagree with 
him by the beauty and purity of his diction?" There was nothing of 
dash or bluster in Mr. Avery. His greatest happiness was in doing his 
duty. The strength of his manhood was spent in trying to lift up the 
thoughts and keep warm the patriotism of his countrymen by daily 
counselling them in the right as he saw the right. Many a wanderer on 


this coast is a better man because the words of Benjamin Avery reached 
his heart at the right time. We can estimate the lawyer's influence, or 
the doctor's, but no one can tell how much of good follows a life spent as 
were the best days of Mr. Avery. The most of us say things which in 
cooler moments or with a more extended experience we might wish had 
not been said. But Avery's life seemed rounded full from the first, leav- 
ing nothing to be unsaid of all his words, nothing to regret, if memory, as 
the shadowy angel drew near, reviewed before him the works of his past 
life. His career in California commenced as editor of a small interior 
paper. His abilities drew him up step by step until he controlled for 
many years the foremost journal of California. His final reward was his 
appointment as Minister to China — an appointment which the whole 
coast endorsed. While yet a young man he has been called away — sum- 
moned to that court where Love and Peace and Mercy are the am- 
bassadors. There will gather around his memory thousands of sorrow- 
ing hearts, and the epitaph which the whole coast will join in writing for 
him will be: "Here lies one who was gifted without being proud; brave 
and strong and true without being aggressive; pure and good without 
being ostentatious. One whose highest dream was to do his duty; whose 
highest wish was to glorify his country and make happier his country- 
men; who bore his life as though it were but a trust bestowed upon him 
to use for the welfare of his fellow men, and to be returned upon call." 
Territorial Enterprise, Virginia City, Nevada, December I®*, 1875. 



TJEDIGREE connection with Richard ParkS who came to 
-^ Cambridge, Mass., in 1635. 

1. Great-grandfather, Richard Park^ born in England, 1602. Died 
in Newton, Mass., 1665. Came over in the ship Defence and arrived at 
Boston, Mass., October 3'''', 1635. Great-grandmother, Margery (Crane?) 
Park, born in England, 1595. Died in Plymouth, Mass. 

2. Great-grandfather, Thomas Park^ born in England, 1629. Died 
in Cambridge, Mass., August ii*'^, 1690. Great-grandmother, Abigail 
(Dix) Park, born in Watertown, Mass. Died in Cambridge, Mass., 
February 3""^, 1691. 

3. Great-grandfather, John Park', born in Cambridge, Mass., Sep- 
tember 6*^ 1656. Died in Cambridge, Mass., March 21^*, 1718. Great- 
grandmother, Elizabeth (Miller) Park, born . Died . 

4. Great-grandfather, Joseph Park^ born in Newton, Mass., March 
12*^ 1705. Died in Westerly, R. I., March i^*, 1777. Great-grand- 
mother, Abigail (Greene) Park, born in Westerly, R. I., 1703. Died in 
Westerly, R. I., October 19*^ 1772. 

5. Great-grandfather, Benjamin Park^ born in Westerly, R. I., 
November i^*, 1735. Died at Bunker Hill (.?) June 17*^, 1775. Great- 
grandmother, Hannah Stanton (York) Park, born in Westerly, R. I., 
June i^*, 1739. Died December, 1800. 

6. Great-grandfather, Benjamin Parked born in Charlestown, R. I., 
September i6*^ 1765. Died in New York August 5**^, 1807. Great- 
grandmother, Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke, born in New York De- 
cember 2°^ 1776. Died'in New York February I7*^ 1807. 

7. Grandfather, Samuel Putnam Avery^ born in New York, January 
l^S 1797. Died in New York July 24**^, 1832. Grandmother, Hannah 
Anne (Parke'^), born in New York April 24*^, 1804. Died in Jersey City, 
N. J., June 26^^, 1888. Avery Family, p. 68. 

8. Father, Samuel Putnam Avery^ born in New York March 17*^ 
1822. Died in New York August 1 1*\ 1904. Mother, Mary Ann (Ogden) 
Avery, born in New York December i^*, 1825. Died in Hartford, Conn., 
April 29*^, 191 1. 

9. Samuel Putnam Avery' was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October y***, 




Mayfiower Passenger 



For the following records of the Richard Warren and Thomas 
Little families in America see: 

Avery Family Genealogy, pp. iii, 112, 116, 117, 118, 122. 

Bradford's History "Of Plimoth Plantation," pp. 532-537. 

Cheever's The Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, pp. 27-42. 

Davis' Ancient Landmarks of Plymouth, pp. 99, 138, etc. 

Freeman's History of Cape Cod, Vol. I, p. 65. 

Goodwin's Plymouth Republic, pp. 34-68, etc. 

Haxton's Signers of the Mayflower Compact, Vol. I, p. 21. 

Mayflower Descendants, Vols. II, III, IV, XV. 

Morton's New Eyigland's Memorial, 1826, pp. 38-44, 135. 

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. I, pp. 18-54, ^tc. 

Plymouth Colony Wills, Vol. Ill, p. 40. 

Plymouth Deeds, Vol. II, p. 12. 

Pope's Pioneers of Massachusetts, p. 288. 

Richards' History of Marshfield, Massachusetts, Vol. II, p. 76. 

Roebling's Richard Warren of the Mayflower, p. 6. 

Russell's Guide to Plymouth, pp. 46, 131, 138, 249. 

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of New England. 

Thomas' Memorials of Marshfield, Massachusetts. 

Vital Records of Scituate, Massachusetts, Vol. I, pp. 239, 240. 



T TISTORY states that Cape Cod, Mass., was discovered by 
-'■ -*■ Bartholomew Gosnold, an intrepid mariner from the west 
of England, who sailed from Falmouth in Cornwall on the 26*'* 
of March, 1602, in a small barque, the Concord, with thirty-two 
men, for the coast known at that time as North Virginia. In- 
stead of proceeding as was usual, by way of the Canaries and 
West Indies, he kept as far north as the winds would permit, and 
was, for aught that appears to the contrary, the first Englishman 
who came in a direct course to this part of the American Con- 

In fact, it is not certain that any European had ever been 
here before. Bancroft confidently asserts that Cape Cod was the 
"first spot in New England ever trod by Englishmen." On the 
14*'' of May, Gosnold made land and the next day found himself 
"embayed with a mighty headland, which at first appeared like 
an island by reason of the large sound that lay between it and 
the main." 

Near this Cape, "within a league of the land, he came to an- 
chor, in fifteen fathoms," and his crew took a quantity of cod- 
fish, from which circumstance he named the land Cape Cod. 

This part of the country is next brought to public notice as the 
first landing place of the pilgrims, who sailed from Plymouth, 
England, September 6*'', 1620, in the Mayflower, commanded by 
Captain Jones, and arrived in Cape Cod harbor November ii*^ 
1620 (old style). 

It is said that the first act of the Pilgrims after their arrival 

was to "fall on their knees and offer thanksgiving to God, who 

brought them safe, and delivered them from so many perils." 

After solemnly invoking the throne of Grace, they next proposed 

[ 123 ] 

that all the males that were of age should subscribe to a written 
compact, which was probably the first instrument the world 
ever saw, recognizing true republican principles, and entrusting 
all powers in the hands of the majority, thus laying the founda- 
tions of American liberty. 


In the name of God, amen. We whose names are underwritten, the 
loyal subjects of our dread sovereign, King James, by the grace of God, 
of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith, etc., 
having undertaken for the glory of God, and advancement of the Chris- 
tian faith, and honor of our King and country, a voyage to plant the 
first colony in the northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents, 
solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God and of one another, 
covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for 
our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends afore- 
said; and by virtue hereof, do enact, constitute, and frame such just and 
equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to 
time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good 
of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunder subscribed our names, at 
Cape Cod, the ii*'' day of November, in the year of the reign of our sov- 
ereign lord. King James of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, 
and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini, 1620. 


Number in 



Mr. John Carver* . . 




Mr. William Bradford* 




Mr. Edward Winslow* 




Mr. William Brewster* 




Mr. Isaac Allerton* . . 




Capt. Miles Standish* . 




John Alden 




Mr. Samuel Fuller . . 




Mr. Christopher Martin* 




Mr. William Mullins* . 




Mr. William White*. . 




Mr. Richard Warren . 



John Rowland .... 



Mr. Stephen Hopkins* 





Number in 

Edward Tilley* 4 

John Tilley 3 

Francis Cooke 2 

Thomas Rogers 2 

Thomas Tinker* .... 3 

John Ridgdale* . . . . ' 2 

Edward Fuller* 3 

John Turner 3 

Francis Eaton* 3 

James Chilton* 3 

John Crackston 2 

John Billington* .... 4 

Moses Fletcher i 

John Goodman i 

Number in Number in 

family family 

Richard Clarke I 

Richard Gardiner .... i 

John Allerton I 

Thomas English I 

Edward Dotey 

Edward Leister 

29 Degory Priest i 36 

30 Thomas Williams .... i 37 

31 Gilbert Winslow .... i 38 

32 Edmund Margeson . . . i 39 

33 Peter Brown i 40 

34 Richard Butteridge . . . i 41 

35 George Soule 

Those marked * brought their wives; those in italics were in their graves 
before the end of March. Of the one hundred and one EngHsh settlers, were 
twenty females accompanying their husbands, and forty-two children and serv- 
ants. Freeman's History of Cape Cod, Vol. I., p. 65. 



T>ICHARD WARRENS of Greenwich County, Kent, Eng- 
•*-^ land, sailed from Plymouth in the Mayflower, September 6'^ 
1620, and arrived in Cape Cod harbor November 11*^ (old style). 
His wife Elizabeth arrived in the Ann,* late in July, 1623, with 
her five daughters: Mary^, Ann^, Sarah^ Elizabeth^, and Abigail. 

Mr. Richard Warren; but his wife and children were left behind 
and came afterwards. Mr. Richard Warren lived some 4 or 5 years and 
had his wife over to him, by whom he had 2 sons, before dyed, and one 
of them is maryed and hath 2 children, so his increase is 4. 

But he had 5 daughters more come over with his wife, who are all 
married and living and have many children. Bradford's History of 
Plimoth Plantations. 

Richard Warren was from London and joined the Leyden Pilgrims 
in July, 1620, at Southampton, where the Mayflower and the Speedwell 
first set sail for America. He was married in England, before 161 1, to 

Elizabeth ? whose maiden name is unknown and had by her five 

daughters: Mary, Anna, Sarah, Elizabeth and Abigail, who were left in 
England and came to Plymouth, with their mother, in 1623. 

Nothing is known of his life before he joined the Pilgrims on the May- 
flower and there are very few references to him in the Plymouth Colony 
Records, or the works of contemporary writers, doubtless owing to his 
early death in 1628. 

It will be seen, by referring to the "Compact," that Richard Warren 
was one of the eleven designated by Bradford, by the title of "Mr.," of the 
forty-one signers. 

Wednesday, November 15*^ "sixteen men were sent out with every 
man his musket, sword, and corselet, under the command of Captain 
Miles Standish to explore the country." 

After wandering about the land for several days, discovering the 
Indians, finding corn and fresh water, they returned to their vessel. 
They made other explorations, but not deeming the place good to settle 

* "This vessel {^Ann) of 146 tons, arrived late in July and brought about 96 


in, they sailed to Plymouth, landing there December 20*'', 1620, and 
began a settlement. Avery Genealogy, pp. iii-ii8. 

The Journal of the Pilgrims says: "Richard Warren was one of the 
three from London, and one of the ten principal men, who, with Captain 
Standish, two mates, one gunner and three Saylers, set out in the shallop,* 
6^^ December, 1620, on their final trip of discovery, and vf\\o first landed 
on the Rock, in Plymouth. 

"There were seven children, five daughters coming from England with 
their mother, and two sons, born in Plymouth, Nathaniel^ and Joseph*. 
The five daughters married respectively, Bartlett, Little, Cook, Church, 
and Osborne." Morton s New England Memorial, 1826. 

"Richard Warren stands at the head of the 9**^ share in the division 
of cattle in 1627. His location of lands was near the Eel river, and the 
farm is still possessed by his descendants." Prince in his Chronology 
says: "1628, this year dies Mr. Richard Warren, a useful instrument 
and bore a deep share in the difficulties attending the first settlement of 
New Plymouth." 

Plymouth Colony Record says: "Mistress Elizabeth Warren, an aged 
widdow, aged above 90 years, deceased on the second day of October, 
1673, whoe haveing lived a Godly life, came to her grave as a shoke of 
corn fully ripe." 


I Mary^ married, 1628, Robert Bartlett, born in England, 1603, who 
came in the Ann, July, 1623. They had two sons and six daughters. He 
was one of the first purchasers of Dartmouth, and died, 1676, aged seventy- 

n Ann2,t married, 19*^^ April, 1633, Thomas LittleS who came from 
England to Plymouth in 1630. He was a lawyer, and his coat of arms 
is still preserved at the old homestead, in the house of Luther Little at 
Sea View, Mass., formerly known as Littletown. See forzvard. 

HI Sarah^ married, March 28*\ 1634, John Cooke, son of Francis 
and Esther Cooke, who came with his father in the Mayflower, 1620, was 
old enough to be taxed in 1636, as high as his father and had four chil- 
dren living in 1650. He was ten times a deputy from Plymouth and 
many times a deacon. Removed and was minister of Dartmouth, 1676, 
of which he was one of the first purchasers and representative in 1673. 
He was living, 1694, the oldest survivor, perhaps, of the male passengers 
in the Mayflower. 

* "A sloop rigged craft of twelve to fifteen tons, which they had brought be- 
tween decks, having been obliged to take her partly to pieces for storage." Pilgrim 

t Plymouth Colony Wills, III, i, 40. 


IV Elizabeth*, married, 1636, Richard Church, born 1608, came over 
in 1630, admitted a freeman of Plymouth Colony, October 4*'', 1632. He 
was a carpenter, and one of the designers and builders of the first regular 
church edifice at Plymouth. To them in 1639 a little Benjamin was 
born, who became a colonel and was famous in the Indian wars. In 
1642 the court employed him to make a gun carriage for the fort. He 
was made a local magistrate and represented his town in the Plymouth 
legislature. In 1649 he sold some land at Eel River to Robert Bartlett (his 
brother-in-law) for £25, and took for £8. 10. o. a red ox called "Mouse." 
He died in Dedham, December, 1668. She died in Hingham, 4**^ March, 

V Abigails married, 1639, Anthony Snow, of Plymouth, 1638, in 
Marshfield, 1643. He was representative, after 1656, for twenty years. 
They had five children. 

VI NathanieP, married, November 19*^ 1645, Sarah Walker, who 
was the granddaughter of Jane Collier,* but it is not known who were her 
parents. He died at Plymouth, 1667, between July 16*^ and October 
21'*. She died in 1700. 

VII Josephs married, 165 1, Priscilla Faunce, daughter of John and 
Patience (Morton) Faunce, and sister of the famous elder, Thomas 

General James Warren, who at the death of General Joseph Warren, at 
Bunker Hill, succeeded him as President of the Congress of the Province, 
was the Pilgrim's great-great-grandson. 

Goodwin's Pilgrim Republic, 
Savage's Genealogical Dictionary^ 
Mayflower Descendants. 

* See Richard ParkS page 91. 



Photographed, 1919, from the original painting now owned by Luther Little of 
Sea View, Mass. This place was formerly known as Littletown, a part of Marsh- 
lield, and is seventeen miles from Plymouth. Mr. Little is a direct descendant of 
Thomas Little who came to Plymouth m 1630. 


npHOMAS LITTLE^ was born in England, and according to 
■'■ many writers arrived here in 1630, but it is not positively- 
known when, or on what ship he came. The earliest date in the 
Plymouth records is January 2'*'^, 1632/3, when he was taxed. 
He married, April 19*^, 1633, Ann, born in England about 1612, 
daughter of Richard Warren^ (the Mayflower passenger) and 
Elizabeth Warren. He bought a shallop in 1633, was enrolled for 
military service in August, 1643, at Plymouth, as was every 
other male in the Colony between 16 and 60, on that date. 

At Plymouth there is record of a deed made by "Thomas 
Little sometimes inhabitant of the Towne of Plym:" and joined 
in by "Ann the wife of the said Thomas Little," dated 2^^ August, 
1652, in which they sell to Richard Foster "All that his house 
and land lying and being at the Eelriver in the Township of 
Plymouth aforesaid whereon the said Thomas Little formerly 
lived" with "all that his lott or share of Land which he had with 
his wife being twenty acres bee it more or less being bounded on 
the one Side with the Land of Robert Bartlett" (who came in the 
Ann, July, 1623, and married, 1628, Mary Warren^, daughter of 
Richard Warren^) "and on the other Side with the Lands of 
Joseph Warren the north end abutting upon the Eelriver afore- 
said." He evidently had removed to Marshfield before August 
2"'*, 1652, from the phraseology of the deed. 

The illustration facing the first page of the issue (January, 
191 3, Mayflower Descendants, Vol. XV, p. 23) reproduces portions 
of two documents now in the "Scrap Book," in the Registry of 
Deeds at Plymouth. The oldest paper is signed by Thomas 
Little and William Pearse as witnesses, and is a bond for £100, 
Sterling, dated November 8*^ 1657/8. The second paper is a 


bond for £80, dated January 3^^, 1666, and signed Thomas Little, 
as witness. 

Thomas Little was buried at Marshfield, March I2*\ 1671/2. 
His widow died after February I9*\ 1675/6. 


I Abigail^ married Josiah Keene. 

II Ruth2, died after February I9*^ 1675/6. 

III Hannah^, married, January 15*^ or 25*^ 1661, Stephen Tilden. 
She died May 13*^, 1710. 

IV Patience^, born about 1639. Married, November ii*^ 1657, 
Joseph Jones. She died October 25*^^, 1723, at Hingham. 

V Mercy2, married the last of November, 1666, John Sawyer. She 
was buried February 10*^, 1693. 

VI Isaacs born about 1646. Married in 1674, or earlier, Bethiah 
Thomas. He died, November 24*^, 1699, at Marshfield. She died, 
September 23'"'^, 1718, at same place, 

VII EphraimS born May I7*^ 1650, at Plymouth. Married, No- 
vember 22°'', 1672, Mary, daughter of Samuel Sturtevant, of Plymouth. 
He died at Scituate, November 24*^, 171 7. She died, same place, Feb- 
ruary lo*'^, 1717/18. They had nine children. See forward. 

VIII ThomasS* killed, March 26*\ 1676, at Rehoboth, in fight with 
Indians. He did not marry. 

IX SamueP, born about 1657. Married, May 18*^, 1682, Sarah 
Gray, born at Plymouth, August 12*^^, 1659. He died at Bristol, R. I. 
(then in Massachusetts), January i6*S 1707/8. She died, same place, 
February I4^\ 1736/7. 

* He was younger than his brother Ephraim, but was of age when he made his 
will. He was therefore born between 1651 and 1655. Thomas^ Little and his 
brother Samuel were called "my two younger sonnes" in their father's will. 



■pPHRAIM LITTLER seventh child of Thomas LittleS and 
•*-^ Ann, daughter of Richard Warren^ {Mayflower passenger), 
and Elizabeth Warren, was born at Plymouth May ly*'*, 1650. 
Married, November aa""^, 1672, Mary, daughter of Samuel Sturte- 
vant, of Plymouth. He died at Scituate, November 24*^^, 1717. 
She died, same place, February 10*^, 171 7. 

The will of "Mr. Ephraim Little, Late of Marshfield who de- 
ceased at Scituate November the Twenty fourth 1717," is re- 
corded in Vol. 4 of Wills, Registry of Probate, Plymouth, pp. 113- 
116, and is dated y^^ March, 1715, proved 24*'' December, 1717. 
He mentions: "My beloved wife Mary Little," "My daughter 
Mercy Otis," "My daughter Ruth Avery," "Ephraim my eldest 
son" (to him real estate and a negro boy), "My son David . . . 
a Cane with a Silver Head." 


I Anna', born August 23'^, 1673. Married, at Boston, July 3"^, 1694, 
Thomas Gray (half-brother of her uncle Samuel Little's wife). She 
died at Little Compton, Mass. (now in Rhode Island), October i6*\ 
1706. He died, same place, November 5*^, 1721. 

II ^ an unnamed daughter, buried at Marshfield, June 14**', 


III Ephraim', born September 27**^, 1676. Married, November 29*^, 
1698,* at Plymouth, Sarah Clarke. He died, November 24*^, 1723, at 

"In 1699, after two years probation, he was ordained pastor of the 
First church, Plymouth (built by Richard Church who married Eliza- 
beth Warren^), and continued in the Ministry until his death, November 
24*^, 1723." Pilgrim Republic, pp. 34-596. 

"Here lyes buried the body of the Rev. Mr. Ephraim Little, Pastor of 
the Church of Christ at Plymouth, aged 47 years 2 mos and 6 D. Deceased 
Nov ye 24*\ 1723 " Epitaphs from Burial Hill, Plymouth, Mass., p. 12. 

* See illustration of leather trunk, marked 1698 E. L., the year he was married. 


The will of Rev. Ephraim Little appears in Vol. 4, Plymouth Wills, 
pp. 432-434. It is dated 18*** February, 1712-13, proved 30*'' April, 
1724. He leaves all to his wife "Sarah." One item in the inventory is, 
"one Quarter Part of ye Sloop High Pine." 

IV Mercy', born February 26*'', 1678. Married Job Otis (son of 
John), born at Scituate, March 20*^ 1677. She died at Scituate in 1755. 
He died, same place, 1758. 

V David', born at Marshfield, March i8*^ 1680/1. Married, first, 
at Little Compton, December 2^^, 1703, Elizabeth Southworth, born 
September 23''^, 1686, and died at Scituate April lo*^ 1743. Married, 
second, October 21^*, 1746, Abigail Bailey, who died at Scituate February 
S*^ I775> aged 75 years, 9 months. He died at Scituate, February 9*'', 

VI John', born at Marshfield, March 18**^, 1682/3. Married at Little 
Compton, April 8***, 1708, Constant Fobes, born June 29*^ 1686, new 
style. She died at Marshfield June 29*^ 1771. He died, same place, 
February 26*'', 1767. 

In Vol. 19, page 464, appears the inventory dated 28*^* April, 1767, of 
"John Little Esq., re late of Marshfield," the amount of his estate being 
£4345. 15. 10., one item being, "To side arms 4. o. o." The will and in- 
ventory of his wife, "Mrs. Constant Little Late of Marshfield deceased," 
dated 18*^^ November, 1767, proved 6 August, 1777, is given in Vol. 21, pp. 
196-7. She speaks of herself as "Constant Little of Marshfield in the 
County of Plymouth Widdow," gives 6 shillings to each of her "six sons, 
Fobes Little, John Little, Ephraim Little, Thomas Little, William 
Little and Lemuel Little," and gives the rest of her estate to "my son 
Abijah White and my daughter Ann White his wife and to my son Tobias 
Oakman and my daughter Ruth Oakman his wife." 

VII Mary', born July 7^^, 1685, died October I8*^ 1685. 

VIII Ruth', born November 23'''^, 1686. Married, November 23'"«*, 
1710, Rev. John AveryS born Dedham, Mass., February 4*'', 1685/6. 
She died at Truro, Mass., October i^*, 1732. He died, same place, April 
^S^^f 1754- They had ten children. See forward. 

IX Barnabas', born February S*'', 1691/2. Died February 23"*, 



"p UTH LITTLE' was the eighth child of Ephraim Little', 
■*-^ and Mary (Sturtevant) Little, and great-granddaughter of 
Mr. Richard Warren^ {Mayflower passenger); also sister of Ephraim 
Little^ pastor of the Church of Christ at Plymouth. She was 
born at Marshfield, Mass., November 23 ^^ 1686. Married, 
November 23 ■'^ 1710, the Rev. John Avery^* of North Truro, 
Mass. He was born at Dedham, Mass., February 4*\ 1685/6, died 
at North Truro April 23'^'^, 1754. She died, same place, October 
I"*, 1732. They had ten children. Avery Family^ pp. 26-27. 

* "The Rev. John Avery* was ordained November i**, 171 1, as pastor of the 
First Church in Truro. 

"The charge was given by the Rev. Mr. Nathaniel Stone, of Harwich, Mass., 
and the right hand of fellowship by the Rev. Ephraim Little', of Plymouth, Mass. 
(brother-in-law to Mr. Avery)." Avery Genealogy, pp. I16-117. 

"There are now, 19 19, in the Christian Union Church, North Truro, two pewter 
plates, thirteen inches in diameter, stamped W. EUwood, London, and two pewter 
tankards: on the handles of which is inscribed, Ruth Avery to Truro O?? 1721." 
Also two cups, of solid silver, inscribed, "This belongs to ye church in Truro, 1730." 
Avery Genealogy, p. 122. Avery Family, p. 35. 



T3EDIGREE connection with Richard Warren^ who came from 
-'■ England in the Mayflower, November ii*"", 1620 (Old 
Style), and Thomas Little, who arrived in 1630. 

1. Richard Warren^ born in England (?) died in Plymouth, Mass., 
1628. Elizabeth (?) Warren, born (?) England, died in Plymouth, Mass., 
October 2°*^, 1673, "aged above 90 years." 

2. Great-grandfather, Thomas Little^ born (?) England, came to 
America in 1630, "buried at Marshfield, Mass., March 12**', 1671/2." 
Great-grandmother, Ann (Warren^) Little, born in England, 1612 (?). 
Died in Plymouth, Mass., February ig*'^, 1675/6. 

3. Great-grandfather, Ephraim Little^, born in Plymouth, Mass., 
May 17*^ 1650, died in Scituate, Mass., November 24*^ 1717. Great- 
grandmother, Mary (Sturtevant) Little, born (?), died in Scituate, Mass., 
February lo*^ 1717. 

4. Great-grandfather, John Avery^ born in Dedham, Mass., February 
4*^ 1685/6, died in Truro, Mass., April 23'''^, 1754. Avery Family, p. 26. 
Great-grandmother, Ruth (Little^) Avery, born in Marshfield, Mass., 
November 23^*^, 1686, died in Truro, Mass., October i^*, 1732. 

5. Great-grandfather, Ephraim Avery^ born in Truro, Mass., April 
22°'^, 1713, died in Brooklyn, Conn., October 20*\ 1754. Great-grand- 
mother, Deborah (Lothrop) Avery, born in Pomfret, Conn., January 9*^, 
1716/7, died in Highlands, N. Y., October 4*^ 1777. 

6. Great-grandfather, Ephraim Avery*, born in Brooklyn, Conn., 
April ^3*^ 1741, died in Rye, N. Y., November 5*'', 1776. Great-grand- 
mother, Hannah (Piatt) Avery, born 1737, died in Rye, N. Y., May 13*'', 

7. Great-grandfather, John William Avery^ born in Rye, N. Y., May 
24*\ 1767, died in New York, 1799. Great-grandmother, Sarah (Fair- 
child) Avery, born in Stratford, Conn., February 28*^, 1773, died in 
New York, May 6*^ 1837. Fairchild Family, p. 80. 

8. Grandfather, Samuel Putnam Avery*", born in New York, January 
I"*, 1797, died in New York, July 24*^^, 1832. Great-grandmother, 
Hannah Anne (Parke) Avery, born in New York, April 24**^, 1804, died 
in Jersey City, N. J., June 26*^, 1888. Park Family, p. 107. 

9. Father, Samuel Putnam Avery", born in New York, March 17*'', 


i822, died in New York, August ii***, 1904. Mother, Mary Ann (Ogden) 
Avery, born in New York, December i^*, 1825, died in Hartford, Conn., 
April 29*^ 191 1. 

10. Samuel Putnam Avery^^ eldest son of Samuel Putnam Avery" 
and Mary Ann (Ogden) Avery, born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 7*^, 




Achincloss, Mary R. F., 40 
Adams, Edward D., 66 

Herbert 66 

William, 23 
Addington, Isa, 31 
Alden, Ebenezer, 18 
Alexander, John W., 66 
Alleyn, Edward, 16 
Anderson, A. A., 66 

Edwin H., 66 
Andrews, William L., 64, 66 
Angier, Samuel, 37 
Arden, Agnes, 3 

Robert, 3 
Ascot, Margery, 4 
Atkins, Nathaniel, 34 
Austen, John, 5 
Austin, Francis, 20 
Avery, Abigail, 24, 27, 29 

Alderman, 2, 6 

Allen, 6 

Andrew, 8 

Ann, 2^ 

Anna Cushman, 26 

Annah, 6 

Barsheba, 6 

Benjamin, 6 

Benjamin Parke, 50, 57, 58, 59, 60, 

Catharine, 6 

Charles R., 50 

Christian, 6 

Deborah, 41 

Deborah Lothrop, 26, 40, 43, 46, 52, 

Deborah Putnam, 46 

Dorothy, 14 

Dudley, 2, 6 

Ebenezer, 14 

Elisha, 40 

Elisha Lothrop, 46, 48 

Elizabeth 3, 24, 26, 29, 40 

Elizabeth Draper, 46 

Elizabeth Lane, 14, 24, 26, 52, 6"] 

Ellen Walters, 51 

Emma Parke, 51 

Ephraim, 26, 27, 28, 38, 39, 40, 
42, 43, 45, 46, 47, 48, 52, 55, 67 

Avery, Eunice Putnam, 40 

Fanny Falconer, 51, 57, 62 

Frances, 2, 6, 7, 67 

Giles, 6 

Grace, xvii, xviii 

Hannah, 14 

Hannah Anne Parke, 48, 50, 51, 58, 

Hannah Piatt, 40, 46, 48, 52, 67 

Hannah Stanton, 50 

Henry, 2 

Henry Ogden, 51, 55, 56, 63, 64, 65 

Hester, 6 

Isoult Barry, 3 

Jacob, 2, 5, 6 

Jane, 6 

Jane Greenough, xi 

Jane Gunning, 48 

Jane Thatcher, 27 

Jerusha, xvii 

Joane, 2, 3, 6, 8 

Joanne, 6, 67 

Job, 27, 28, 29, 38, 39 

Johan, 3 

johane, 3 

John, xviii, 2, 3, 6, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 
61 41, 43,.52, 67 

ohn Smith, 39 
ohn William, 46, 48, 50, 52, 67 

Jonathan, 14, 20, 22, 23, 24 

Joseph, xviii, 6 
67 Joseph Piatt, 46 

Katharine, 6 

Lady Elizabeth, 3 

Lydia Healy, 24 

Margaret, 4, 13, 17, 18, 19, 24, 67 

Margaret Stafford, 4 

Maria Tappin, 19 

Maria Woodmansey, 19 

Mary, 13, 21, 22, 27, 28 

Mary Ann Fuller, 50, 58, 59 

Mary Ann Ogden, 50, 51, 57, 62, 63, 
41, Mary Deming, 26, 28 

Mary Henrietta, 51 



Avery, Mary Lane, 13 
Mary Rebecca H., 24, 50 
Mary Roach Fillis, 40 
Mary Rotch, 26, 27, 28 
Michael, 3, 24 
Mirabella, 6 

Prudence Champion, i, 2, 5 
Rachael, 14 
Richard, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 
Robert, xviii, i, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 13, 

14, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 52, 67 
Ruth, 24, 26, 28, 33, 35, 36, 40, 41, 67 
Ruth Knowles, 26 
Ruth Little, 24, 26, 37, 40, 52, 67 
Ruth Smith, 40 
Samuel, 2, 6, 40 
Samuel Putnam, xvii, xviii, i, 45, 48, 

SO, SI, S2, 53, S4. 56, S7, 58, 62, 63, 

66, 67, 68 
Sarah, 6 
Sarah Coit, 48 
Sarah Elizabeth, 48 
Sarah Fairchild, 46, 48, 50, 52, 6j 
Septimus, 26, 40, 42, 43 
Stephen, so 
Susan Jane, 50 
Sybil, 14 

Sybil Sparhawk, 14 
Thomas, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 67 
Thomasine, 3 
Timothy, 29 
Walter, 3 

Walter Titus, i, 4, 6, 13, 39 
William, xvii, xviii, i, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 

8, 9, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 

24, SO, SI, 52, 58, 63, 67 

Baker, Deborah Avery, 41 

Joseph, 41 
Barritt, Hannah Avery, 46 

Stephen, 46 
Barry, Isoult, 3 

John, 3 
Battelle, Thomas, 20 
Baylie, Sarah, 29 
Bearstoe, William, 20 
Bickford, Jeremiah, 34 
Bigelow, John, !,j 
Bingham, Jerusha Avery, xvii 

Lucy Avery, xvii 
Bishop, Ruth Parker, 28, 29 
Bloor, A. J., 6s 
Boulders, Ann, 8 

Giles, 8 
Boyce, Sarah, 24 
Breed, Nathaniel, 29 
Brenner, V. D., 66 
Brewster, John, 41 

Ruth Avery, 41 

Bridgman, Thomas, 19 
Briggs, Mr., 65 
Brown, Isaac, 46 
Bugbee, John, 39 
BuUard, Elizabeth Avery, 24 

William, 14, 24 
Burch, Elizabeth, 48 
Burgoyne, General, 45 
Burns, H. J., S9 
Butler, Nicholas M., 66 

Cabot, Mr., 41 
Cady, Jonathan, 41 
Cantus, George, 59 
Carter, J. G. Avery, xi 
Castle, F. A., 57 
Champion, John, i, 2, 5, 6 

Prudence, i, 2, 5 

Thomas, 8 
Chickering, Francis, 20 
Chickery, Henery, 20 
Church, Elizabeth Avery, 46 

Mr., 46 
Clark, John, 31 
Cleary, Robert, S9 
Cleveland, Joseph, 41 
Clinton, Governor, 45 
Cobb, Henry, 41 
Coey, Jarvis, 59 
Coit, David, 48 

Mr., 41 

Sarah, 48 
Colden, Cadwallader, 46 
Conant, Edward Davis, xviii 
Conklin, Katharine, so, 51, 57 
Cook, Charles T., ^y 
Cooke, Robert Grier, 66 
Cornell, Charles R., 50 

Hannah Avery, 50 
Crow, Deborah, 40, 52 
Cunningham, John S., S9 
Cushman, Anna, 26 

Danforth, Mr., 37 

Deane, W. R., 14 

De Forest, Robert W., 66 

Deming, Mary, 26 

De Peyster, Frederic J., 64 

Devotion, Ebenezer, 42 

Dexter, Mr., 46 

Dielman, Frederick, 66 

Digbye, Lord, 6 

Dodge, William E., ^j 

Dow, Arthur W., 66 

Drake, Alexander W., 66 

Draper, Elizabeth Avery, 26, 28 

John, 26, 42 
Dudley, J., 31 
Dummer, Joseph, xviii 


Dupignac, Ebenezer R., 48 

Sarah Avery, 48 
Dwight, Michael, 24, 25 

Rachel Avery, 24 

Timothy, 20 
Dyar, Benjamin, 14, 22 

Hannah Avery, 14 

Eldred, Neighbor, 28 
Eldredg, Samuel, 29 
Eliot, Jacob, 39 
EUwood, W., 35 

Fackenthal, Frank D., 66 
Fairchild, Elizabeth Burch, 4^ 

John, 48 

Samuel W., 66 

Sarah, 46, 48, 50, 52, 6j 

Seabrooke, 48 

Thomas, 48 
Fayerbanke, John, 20 

Jonathan, 20 
Fearin, Samuel, 23 
Fillis, Mary Roach, 40 
Fisher, Daniel, 18, 21 

Cornelius, 21 
Foster, John, 19 

Thomas, 21 
Fox, William H., 66 
Freeman, Constant, 33 

John, 26 

Mercy, 26 
Friedlander, I., 59 
Fuller, Ensign, 18 

Mary Ann, 50, 58 
Fullwood, Avery, 3 

John, 3 

Gardiner, Deborah Avery, 43 

John, 43 
Garland, J. A., 57 
Garys, Arthur, 21 
Gilbert, Cass, 66 
Goetze, Frederick A., 66 
Granniss, George W., 59 
Grant, President, 57 
Graves, Sybil Avery, 14 

Thomas, 14 
Gray,_Mr., 58 
Gunning, Jane, 48 

Haverfield, WiUiam, xviii, 23 
Hains, Mr., 47 
Halsey, F. R., 66 
Hamilton, Rev. Dr., 59 
Hamlin, A. D. F., 66 
Hapgood, E. T., 65 
Havemeyer, H. O., 57 
Hawkes, McDougall, 66 


Healy, A. Augustus, 66 

Lydia, 24 
Heath; widow, 21 
Herring, Thomas, 20 
Hewlett, J. Monroe, 66 
Hibbert, Robert, 6 
Hicks, Frederick C, 66 
Higgs, John, xviii, 23 
Hinchman, Bishop, 46 
Hoffman, Ogden, 59 
Holcombe, Mr., 59 
Howland, Grace Avery, xvii 
Hunt, Richard M., 63 
Huntington, Archer M., 66 

Ingles, Mr., 47 
Irelande, Roger, 7 

Keens, Susanna M., 48, 50 
Kennedy, Edward G., 66 

John Stewart, 57 
Keppel, Frederick P., 66 
King Charles, 6 
King George, 38 

Grace Avery, xviii 

Lucy Avery B., xvii 
Knowles, Mercy Freeman, 26 

Ruth, 26 

Samuel, 26 
Kunz, George F., 66 

Lamb, F. S., 65 

Lane, Elizabeth, 14, 24, 26, 52, 67 

Job, 24, 52 

Mary, 13 

Samuel, 23 

Sarah Boyce, 24, 52 
Littell, President, 64 
Little, Ann Warren, 52 

Ephraim, 26, 33, 52 

Mary Sturtevant, 26, 52 

Ruth, 24, 26, 37, 52, 67 

Thomas, 52 
Littlefield, George E., 19 
Lord, Austin W., 66 
Lothrop, Abigail Avery, 27, 29 

Deborah, 26, 40, 43, 46, 52, 67 

Deborah Crow, 40, 52 

Elisha, 27 

Joshua, 43 

Samuel, 40, 52 
Low, Frederick F., 59 
Lucas, Frederick A., 66 
Lyon, H. W., 58 

Macaulay, Thomas B., iv 
Maguire, Joseph, 59 
Mansfield, Howard, 66 
Marquand, H. G., 57 

McMenomy, John H., 59 
Metcalf, Joseph, 33 
Mulford, Thomas, 32, 33 

Norwell, Samuel, 21 

Oettinger, S., 57 

Ogden, Henry Aaron, 50, 51, 57 
Katharine ConkHn, 50, 51, 57 
Mary Ann, 50, 51, 57, 62,63, 68 

Onion, Benjamin, 25 

Orton, R. H., 59 

Paine, Barnabas, 27 

Moses, 29 

Thomas, 31, 32, 33, 34 
Park, Richard, 51, 58, 63, dy 
Parke, Benjamin, 48, 50, 51 

Hannah Anne, 48, 50, 51, 58, 68 

Susanna M. K., 48, 50 
Parker, Avery, 28, 29 

Dorothy, 29 

Jonathan, 26, 28, 29 

Ruth, 28, 29 

Ruth Avery, 26, 28 
Peper, Robert, 21 
Pethick, Vice-Consul, 59 
PhilHps, Henry, 20 
Pierce, Isaac, 38 
Pine, John B., 66 
Piatt, Hannah, 40, 46, 48, 52, 67 
Prince, Governor, 26 
Purington, Hez., 33 
Putnam, Aaron, 40 

Deborah Avery, 44, 45 

Deborah Lothrop, 44, 45 

Eunice, 40 

Israel, 40, 43, 44, 45 

Queen Ann, 25 

Raymond, Henry J., 61 

Reno, Lieut., 58 

Richards, Abigail Avery, 24 

John, 24 
Roberts, Arthur, 13 

O. A., 18 
Robinson, Beverly, 45 

Edward, 66 
Rotch, Mary, 26 

William, 26 
Rowe, Sir Thomas, 6 

Saltus, J. Sanford, 66 
Sand, George, 56 
Sawyer, Lorenzo, 59 
ScharfF, Anton, 57 
Schofield, John M., 59 
Seabrooke, , 48 

Seaver, Robert, 21 
Shakespeare, Mary, 3 

William, 3 
Shannon, Thomas, 59 
Sharpe, William, 5 
Sheppard, Consul, 59 
Sherman, Frank D., 66 
Smith, Barzillah, 29 

Charles Stewart, 57 

Edward R., 66 

Ruth, 40 

Thomas, 34 
Snow, John,j2, 33 
Sparhawk, Sybil, 14 
Stanford, Leland, 59 
Stcbbins, Horatio, 58 
Steele, Grace Avery K., xviii 
Stillman, J. D. B., 58 
StofFord, Elizabeth, 4 

John, 4 

Margaret, 3, 4 

Margery, 4 

Robert, 4 

Thomas, 3, 4 
Stone, Nathaniel, 33 
Stout, A. B., 58 
Sturgis, Russell, 63, 64, 65 
Sturtevant, Mary, 26, 52 
Sumner, Rachel Avery, 14 

William, 14, 22 

Talmage, Mary Avery, 50 

T. De Witt, so 
Tappin, John, 19 

Joseph, 19 

Maria, 19 
Thatcher, Jane, 27 
Thomas, Mr., 18 
Tisdale, James, 13 

Mary Avery, 13, 22 
Turner, Charles, 37 

Upham, Caleb, 37 

Von Senden, G. D., 59 
Vyse, Thomas, 6 

Wade, British Minister, 59 
Wadsworth, Mr., 41 
Waite, Edwin G., 59 
Ward, Robert, 14 
Warren, Ann, 52 

Richard, 26, 37, 50, 51, 52, 58, 63, 67 
Washington, George, 44 
Webb, Benjamin, 36 
Weitenkampf, Frank, 66 
Welcher, Alice Lee, 62 

Amy Ogden, 62 

Emma Parke Avery, 62 


Welcher, Fanny Avery, 57, 62 

Lester Groome, 62 

Manfred P., 51, 57, 62 
West, Mary Avery, 27, 28 

Mr., 27 
Wetmore, Mrs., 47 
Wheeler, James R., 66 
Whistler, J. McN., 53 
White, Salome Elizabeth, xvm 
Whiting, James, xviii 
Wight, Joseph, 25 
Williams, Abraham, 37 

Deacon, 41 

Williams, Mr., 58 

Origo, 3 

Talcott, 66 
Wilson, John, 23 
Windgate, Richard, 7 
Winthrop, Governor, 15 
Woodmansey, James, xvni, 23 

John, 21, 23 

Maria, 19 

Robert, 19 
Woodward, Robert B., 66 
Worthington, Mr., 18 
Wright, F. A., 65 


A rare painting, xvu 
Academy of Design, N. Y., 66 

of Sciences, Cal., 58 
American Museum of Natural History, 
N. Y., 66 
Numismatic Society, 66 
Scenic Society, 66 
Society of Architects, 66 
Ancient and Hon. Artillery Co., 18 
Archseological Inst, of America, 64 
Architectural League, N. Y., 56, 63, 65, 

66 . 

Art Association, Cal., 58, 64 

Paris, 66 
Ashford, Conn., 38, 39 . 
Authorities cited, xv, xvi 
Avery Architectural Library, 55, 56, 66 
Coat of Arms, xvii, xviii 
Collection of Etchings, 53, 57 
Editorials and Resolutions, 54, 55, 56 
Elizabeth Lane, Tombstone, 24 
Family in America, 11 
Gold Medals, 57, 66 
Homestead, Dedham, 9 
Lane, London, 3 
Malacca Cane, xviii 
Name in England, 2 
Oak, Dedham, 9 
Oriental Porcelains, 57 
Pedigree, 67 
Pewter Tankards, 35 
Silver Cups, 35 
Silver Seal, xviii 
Silver Tankard, 28 
Street, Birmingham, 3 
Tombstones, 24, 25 

Barkham, England, I, 4, 8, 13, 14, 24, 

52, 67 
Barnstable, Mass., 29, 30, 38 
Bartholdi Statue, N. Y., 56 
Bedford, N. Y., 46 

Bellingham, Mass., 16 

Birmingham, England, 3 

Blind Brook, Rye, N. Y., 47 

Blue Anchor Tavern, Boston, 18, 19 

Bodmin, England, 3 

Boston, Mass., xviu, 13, 14, ^S, 18, 19, 

22, 26, 31, 36, 40, 42, 51, 58, 63, 67 
Brooklyn, Conn., 26, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43, 

46, 52, (yj 
N. Y., xviii, 51, 57, 62, 63, b-j, 68 

Cambridge, Mass., 14, 18, 41 

Cape Cod, 30, 35 , ., 

Charles River, Cambridge, 15 

Charlestown, Mass., 14 

Cherry Valley, N. Y., 40 

Christian Union Church, 35 

Church of England, 47 

Civil Service Reform Ass n, 56 

Columbia University, N. Y., 39, Si, 55, 

56, 57, (^^ 
Concord, Mass., IS 
Congresburie, England, i, 2, 5, 6, 67 
Contentment, Mass., 15 
Conway, Mass., xvii 
Cooper Union, N. Y., 63 
Cornwall, Eng., 2, 3 

Dangerfield, Mass., 30 

Dedham Historical Society, xvii, xvni, 

9, 39 r 

Mass., xvii, i, 4, 6, 9, ^3, H, IS, 16, 
17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 
50,51, 52, 58,67 

Proprietors, 16 

Settlement, 15 

Town Covenant, 15, 16 

Village, 17 
Deed, Wilham Avery, 19 
Deerfield, Mass., 18 
Devonshire, England, 3 _ 
Devotion, Ebenezer, oration, 42 

141 ] 

Doctors' Commons, England, 5, 6, 67 
Dorchester, Mass., xviii, 37 
Dover, Mass., 16 
Dowland, England, 3 

Eastern Harbor, 30, 32 
Eastham Church, 33 

Mass., 26, 27, 30, 31, 33, 36, 38 
Easthampstead, England, 8 
East Harbor, Truro, 32 
£cole des Beaux Arts, Paris, 63, 64, 65 
Editorials and Resolutions, 54, 55, 56 
Enfield, England, 6 

Falmouth, Mass., 33 

Fine Arts Association, 66 

First Church, Truro, 33 

FishkiU, N. Y., 44 

Fifth Avenue Association, N. Y., 66 

Fort Alcatraz, Cal., 58 

Clinton, N. Y., 44 

Montgomery, N. Y., 44 
Franklin, Mass., 16 

Gardiner's Island, N. Y., 43 
Genealogical Society, N. Y., 57 
General Court of Mass., 15, 17, 18, 30 
Gift of Land, Ephraim Avery, 36 
Gold Medal Committees, 57, 66 
Gotham Art School, 63 
Grace Church, Rye, N. Y., 46, 52 
Grolier Club, N. Y., 56, 57, 66 
Guard of Honor, 58 

Halgrave, England, 3 

Halifax, N. S., 40 

Hamburg, Germany, 6 

Hampton, Mass., 41 

Hartford, Conn., xvii, xviii, 50, 51, 62, 

Harvard College, 18, 24, 26, 37, 38, 40, 

Harwich, Mass., 33 
Havidge, England, 6 
Highlands, N. Y., 45, 67 
Holden, Mass., xviii 
House of Representatives, Boston, 31 
Hudson, N. Y., 50 
Hurst, England, 7 
Hyde Park, Mass., 16 
Institute of Architects, 66 

of Arts and Sciences, Brooklyn, N. Y., 

Inventory, John Avery, 29 

Robert Avery, 25 

King's Chapel, Boston, 19 
College, N. Y., 46, 47, 55 

Latin School, Dedham, 18 
Lebanon, Conn., 28, 39 
Lenox Library, N. Y., 53, 57 
Library, Avery Architectural, 55, 56, 66 

Columbia University, 55, 56 

New York Public, 66 
London, England, 3, 35, 51, 58, 63, 67 

Maiden, Mass., 13, 14, 24, 52 
Mamaroneck, N. Y., 46 
Marshfield, Mass., 24, 26, 37, 52, 67 
Massachusetts Colony, 22 
Marysville, Cal., 50 
" Mayflower,'' ship, 26, 37, 50, 5 1, 52, 67 
Medal Committees, 57, 66 
Medfield, Mass., 16, 20, 23 
Metropolitan Museum, N. Y., 53, 56, 
7, 66 

Medfield, Mass., 16, 20, 2; 
)politan Mu 
. 57,66 
Middletown, Conn., 14 

Mildenhall, England, 29 
Mill Creek, Dedham, 20 
Millis, Mass., 16 
Ministerial Woods, Truro, 35 
Museum of French Art, N. Y., 66 

Natick, Mass., 16, 18, 27 
National Guard, Cal., 59 

Sculpture Society, 66 
Needham, Mass., 16 
Newark, N. J., 46 

N. Y., SI 
New London, Conn., 48 
Newton, Mass., xviii 
New York, N. Y., i, 48, 50; 51, 52, 54, 
56, 58, 62, 63, 64, 67, 68 

New York Genealogical and Biogra- 
phical Society, 57 
New York Public Library, 53, 56, 66 
Norfolk, Mass., 16, 18 
North Truro, Mass., 35, 37 
Norwich, Conn., 27 
Norwood, Mass., 16 

Jersey City, N. J., 68 

Joan of Arc Committee, N, Y., 66 


Oakland, Cal., 59 
Ohio, 47 

Oriental Porcelains, 57 
Overland Monthly, 60, 61 

Paris Exposition, 1867, 51, 52 
Parish of Rye, N. Y., 47 
Pawmet, Mass., 30 
Peekskill, N. Y., 45 
Peking, China, 50, 57, 58 
Pewter Tankards, Truro, 35 
Pill, England, i, 2, 4, 5, 67 
Plainfield, Conn., 41 


Plymouth, Mass., 33, 50, 51, 52, 58, 63, 

Pilgrims, 15, 30 

Rock, IS 
Plympton, Mass., 26 
Pocumptuck, Mass., 18 
Poem, J. G. A. Carter, xi 
Pomfret, Conn., 26, 38, 40, 42, 52, 6)^ 
Pond Village, Mass., 35 
Presidio, San Francisco, 58 
Probate Office, Boston, xviii, 22 
Provincetown, Mass., 26 
Purchasers' Lands, 30 
Pylle, England, 4, 5 

House, 4 

Redding, England, 40 
Revolutionary War, 47 
Rock Meadow, Dedham, 20 
Rocksbery, Mass., 21 
Russian Embassy, 58 
Rye, N. Y., 46, 47, 48, ey 

Sandwich, Mass., 37 

San Francisco, Cal., 50, 58, 60 

Art Association, 58 
Scharff Medal, 57 
Sculpture Society, N. Y., 56 
Second River, N. J., 46 
Shakespeare, Malone, 3 
Shanghai, China, 59, 60 
Shepton Mallet, England, 4 
Ship, "City of Tokio," 58 

" Mayflower," 26, 37, 50, 51, 58, 63, dj 

"Defence," 51, 58, 63, 67 

"Jeanette," 48 

"Monocacy," 59, 60 

"Tennessee," 58 
Silhouette, Samuel P. Avery, 50 
Silver Cups, Truro, 35 

Tankard, 28 
Springfield, Mass., 19 
St. Endellion, England, 2 
State Paper Office, London, 6 
Stofford Pedigree, 4 

Stratford, Conn., 46, 48, 52, 6^ 

England, 3 
Streatly, England, 6 
Suffolk, Mass., 14, 19 

Tashmuit, Mass., 32, 34 
Taunton, Mass., 13 
Teachers' College, N. Y., SG 
Tientsin, China, 59, 60 
Tintaget, Cornwall, 2 
Trewigget, Cornwall, 2 
Trigg Manor, England, 2 
Troy, N. Y., 50 
Truro Church Agreement, 32 

Incorporation, 30, 31, 33 

Mass., xviii, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 

^ 33> 34. 36, 38, 40, 41. 42, 43, 52, 67 

North, 35, 37 

Proprietors, 31 
Typothetae Society, N, Y., 56 

Union League Club, N. Y., 56, dS 
Universal Exhibition, Paris, 52 

Vienna, Austria, 57 

Wallingford, England, 6 

Walpole, Mass., 16 

Watertown, Mass., 17 

Webb, Benjamin, Discourse, 36 

Wellesley, Mass., 16 

West Indies, 46 

West Point, N, Y., 44 

West Roxbury, Mass., 16 

Westlake Society, 41 

Westminster Abbey, 3 

Williams College, Mass., 62 

Wilmscote, England, 3 

Windham, Conn., 38, 41, 42, 44 

Wokingham, England, i, 2, 6, 7, 8, S^ 

Woodstock, Conn., 39 

Wrentham, Mass., 16, 2i 

Wynscote, Devonshire, 3 

Yale University, 40, 46 

Adams, Mary Fairchild, "n 

Samuel, 77 
Arundel, Earl of, 72 
Avery, Benjamin Parke, 81 

Charles Russell, 81 

Elisha Lothrop, 80 

Ellen Walters, 82 

Emma Parke, 82 

Ephraim, 80 


Avery, Fairchild Pedigree, 83 
Fanny Falconer, 82 
Hannah Parke, 80, 81, 82, 83 
Hannah Stanton, 81 
Henry Ogden, 82 
Jane Gunning, 80 
John William, 79, 80, 8r, 83 
Mary Fuller, 81 
Mary Henrietta, 82 


Avery, Mary Ogden, 8 1, 82, 83 
Mary Rebecca, 81 
Park Pedigree, 83 
Samuel Putnam, 80, 81, 82, 83 
Sarah Coit, 80 
Sarah EHzabeth, 80 
Sarah Fairchild, 79, 80, 81, 83 
Stephen, 81 
Susan Jane, 81 

Beach, Hannah Staples, 75, ^(), 77 

John, 75 

John, Jr., 76, 77 

Richard, 75 

Ruth, 76, 77, 78, 83 
Blakeman, Adam, 75 

Dorothy Smith, 76 

Ebenezer, 76 

Elizabeth, 76 

Mr., 74 
Brown, Mr., 79 

Ruth Fairchild, 79 
Buckingham, Marquis of, 72 
Burch, Elizabeth, 78, 79, 80, 83 
Burritt, William, 73 

Coit, David, 80 

Sarah, 80 
Conklin, Katharine, 81, 82 
Cornell, Charles Russell, 81 

Hannah Stanton, 81 
Craigg, Catherine, 74 
Curtiss, John, 77, 78 

Mary, 77, 78, 79, 83 

Davenport, Mr., 71 
Dupignac, Ebenezer R., 80 
Sarah Avery, 80 

Fairchild, Abel, 78 
Abigail, 77 
Abigail Patterson, 79 
Anna, 77 

Avery Pedigree, 83 
Benjamin, 77, 79 
Coat of Arms, 75 
Curtiss, 79 
Dinah, 75 
Edward, 76 

Elizabeth Blakeman, 76 
Elizabeth Burch, 78, 79, 80, 83 
Emma, 75 
Ephraim, 77 
Eunice, 77 
Hannah Beach, 75 
John, 75, 79 

John Curtiss, 78, 79, 80, 83 
Jonathan, 76 

Fairchild, Joseph, 79 

Mary, 77 

Mary Curtiss, 77, 78, 79, 83 

Mary Wheeler, 75, 76, 77, 83 

Reuben, 79 

Robert, 76, 78 

Ruth, 79 

Ruth Beach, 76, 77, 78, 83 

Samuel, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 83 

Sarah, 75, 79, 80, 81, 83 

Seabrooke, 76, 83 

Tabitha, 79 

Thomas, 69, 74, 75, 76, 83 

William, 79 

Zechariah, 75 
Fayrchild, Thomas, 73 
Fuller, Mary Ann, 81 
Groves, Philip, 72, 74 
Gunning, Jane, 80 

Hamilton, Marquis of, 72 
Hawley, Joseph, 75 
Miriam, 75, 76 

Judson, William, 74 

Keens, Susanna M., 80 
King Charles I, 71 
King James I, 72 

Lenox, Duke of, 72 

Ogden, Henry Aaron, 81, 82 

Katharine, 81, 82 

Mary Ann, 81, 82, 83 
Orcutt, Samuel, 69 

Parke, Benjamin, 80 

Hannah Anne, 80, 81, 82, 83 

Susanna Keens, 80 
Patterson, Abigail, 79 

Esther, 79 

Samuel, 79 
Preston, Emma Fairchild, 75 

Hackaliah, 75 

Jehial, 75 

Sarah Fairchild, 75 

William, 74, 75 
Pruden, Mr., 71 

Robinson, Mr., 71 
Rowland, Esther, 79 

Seabrooke, Robert, 74, 75 
Sherwood, Thomas, 74 
Smith, Dorothy, 76 
Staples, Hannah, 76, 77 

[ 144 

Talmage, Mary Avery, 8i 
T. DeWitt, 8i 

Warwick, Earl of, 71, 72 
Welcher, Fanny Avery, 82 

Manfred P., 82 
Wheeler, Mary, 75, ^6, yj, 83 

Wheeler, Miriam Hawley, 75, 

Moses, 75, 76 

Thomas, 74 
Whiting, Elizabeth, 74 

Samuel, 79 
Winthrop, John, 71 


Authorities cited, 69 

Bound Brook, N. J., 81 
Bridgeport, Conn., 69, 71 
Brooklyn, N. Y., 81, 82, 83 

Christ's Church, Stratford, 77 

Coat of Arms, 75 

Columbia University, N. Y., 82 

Congregational Society, Stratford, J7, 

Connecticut Patent, 71, 72 
Crusades, The, 75 
Cupheag, Conn., 71 

Devon County, England, 72 

Episcopal Church, Stratford, 78 

Fairfield, Conn., 72, 76, 77 

County, 71, 74 

County Historical Society, 69 

Pedigree, 83 
Fresh Pond, Conn., 73 

General Court, Conn., 72, 74, 75 
Great Neck, Conn., 73 

Hartford, Conn., 71, 74, 81, 82, 83 
Housatonic River, Conn., 71, 75 
Hudson, N. Y., 81 
Huntington, Conn., 71 

Jersey City, N. J., 83 

Kent County, England, 75 

Lake Champlain, N. Y., 79 
Litchfield, Conn., 77 
Little Neck, Conn., 73 
London, England, 71, 74 
Long Island Sound, 71 

Milford, Conn., 71, 74 
Monroe, Conn., 71 

Narragansett River, 71 

War, 74 
Newark, N. Y., 82 
New England, 71, 72 
New Haven, Conn., 71, 74, 75 
New London, Conn., 80 
New York, N. Y., 71, 80, 81, 82, 83 
Newtown, Conn., 76 
North Stratford, 78 

Patent, The, 71, 72 
Peking, China, 81 
Philadelphia, Pa., 81 
Plymouth Company, 71, 72 
England, 72 

Ripton, Conn., 78 
Rye, N. Y., 80, 83 

San Francisco, Cal., 81 

Santa Barbara, Cal., 81 

Saybrook, Conn., 71 

Seal of England, 72 

Ship "Jeanette," 80 

Stratford, Conn., 69, 71, 72, 74, 75, 76, 

77, 78, 79, 80, 83 
Stratford Constables, 74 

Ticonderoga, N. Y., 79 
Troy, N. Y., 81 
Trumbull, Conn., 71, 78 

Valentine's Manual, 1793, 79 
Virginia, 71 

Weston, Conn., 77, 79 
Wethersfield, Conn., 71, 74 
Williams College, 82 
Windsor, Conn., 71 
Woodbury, Conn., 75 



Adams, E. D., 113 
Andrews, W. L., 113 
Appleton, Major, 96 
Avery, Benjamin Parke, 107, 114, 115, 

Charles Russell, 107 

Ellen Walters, 109, in, 113 

Emma Parke, 109 

Fanny Falconer, 109 

Hannah Parke, 107, 108, 114, 117 

Hannah Stanton, 107 

Henry Ogden, 109, 113 

MaryOgden, 107, 109, 112, 117 

Mary Fuller, 107, 114, 

Mary Henrietta, 109 

Mary Rebecca H., 107 

Park Pedigree, 117 

Samuel Putnam, loi, 106, 107, 109, 
110, III, 112, 113, 114, 117 

Stephen, 107 

Susan Jane, 107 

Babcock, Joshua, 104 
Beers, Captain, 96 
Bigelow, John, 113 
Bliven, Edward, 104 
Bond, William, 95 
Bostock, Edward, 91 
Brewster, Love, 91 
Sarah Collier, 91 
Brooks, Noah, 114 
Brown, John Crosby, 113 

Cadwallader, J. L., 113 
Champlin, Eunice, 102 
Chaplain, J. C., 113 
Chapman, Abigail, 97 
Chroucher, Ann, 100 
Collier, Jane, 91 

Sarah, 91 

William, 91 
Conklin, Katharine, 107, 109 
Cornell, Charles R., 107 

Hannah Avery, 107 
Crane, Margery, 91, 117 
Crary, Oliver, 104 

De Forest, R.W., 113 
Detweiler, Eunice Parke, 104 

John S., 104 
Dielman, Frederick, 113 
Dix, Abigail, 92, 93, 94, 96, 117 

Edward, 94 

Jane, 94 

Fahnestock, H. C, 113 
Fiske, Abigail Park, 94 

Fiske, John, 94 

Martha, 94 

Nathan, 95 
French, Daniel C, 113 

E. D., Ill 
Fuller, Jeremiah, 96 

Jonathan, 96 

Mary Ann, 107, 114 

Mr., 93 

Garritt, William, 103 
Gavit, William, 104 
Gavitt, Deacon, 100 
Giles, Elizabeth, 106 

Gilbert, 106 

Mary, 106 
Grant, Mrs. U. S., 108 
Greene, Abigail, 96, 97, 102, 117 
Greenwood, John, 96 

Hearn, George A., 113 
Holland, Elizabeth Park, 94 

John, 94 
Hotten, John C, 91 
Hyde, Mr., 93 

Samuel, 92 

Jackson, Edward, 92, 93 

John, 92 
Johnston, John T., 112 

Keens, Joseph, 106 

Mary Giles, 106 

Susanna, 102, 106, 107, 117 
Kennedy, John S., 113 
King, John, 89 
Knapp, John, Jr., 94 

Sarah Park, 94 

Lambert, Widow, 100 
Lawrence, Abigail, 96 

Lydia, 96 
Leebrick, Elizabeth, 104 

Marquand, H. G., 112 
Mason, Hugh, 92 
Matthews, William, in 
McKim, C. F., 113 
Miller, Elizabeth, 94, 96, 97, 117 
Mills, D. O., 113 
Morgan, J. P., 113 
Morse, Elizabeth Park, 96 
Joseph, 96 

Nevill, Ralph, 89 
Ninigret, George, 98 


Ogden, Henry Aaron, 107, 109 
Katharine Conklin, 107, 109 
Mary Ann, 107, 117 

Osborn, William C., 113 

Park, Abigail, 94, 96 
Abigail Chapman, 97 
Abigail Dix, 92, 93, 94, 96, 117 
Abigail Greene, 96, 97, 99, loi, 102, 

Abigail Lawrence, 96 

Aleanora, 89 

Alicia, 89 

Anna Spring, 94 

Anne, 97 

Avery Pedigree, 117 

Beatrice, 89 

Benjamin, 97, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 

Coat of Arms, 89 
Edward, 94 

Elizabeth, 91, 92, 94, 96 
Elizabeth Miller, 94, 96, 97, 117 
Elizabeth Morse, 96 
Eunice Champlin, 102 
Hannah York, 97, 102, 117 
Hannah Stanton, 102, 105 
Henry, 97, 102 
Isabell, 91, 92 
John, 94, 96, 97, 102, 117 
Jonathan, 94 
Jonathan Greene, 97, 102 
Joseph, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, loi, 102, 

103, 104, 106, 117 
Joseph, Jr., 102, 103, 104, 106 
Lydia Lawrence, 96 
Margery, 91, 117 
Martha Fiske, 94 
Mary, 91, 92, 96, 97, 102 
Pedigree, 89 
Rebecca, 94 

Richard, 89, 91, 92, 93, 94, 106, 117 
Samuel, 97 
Sarah, 91, 92, 93, 94 
Sarah Brewster, 91, 92, 93 
Sarah Collier, 91, 92, 93 
Sarah King, 94 
Solomon, 96 
Susan, 102 
Thomas, 89, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 

102, 103, 104, 117 
Parke, Benjamin, 104, 106, 107, 117 
Edward, 89 

Elizabeth Leebrick, 104 
Eunice, 104 
Gerard, 89 
Hannah Anne, loi, 106, 107, 109, 

Ii4> "7 
Isabella, 89 


Parke, Richard del, 89 

Sarah, 93 

Susanna, 106 

Susanna Keens, 102, 106, 107, 117 
Pendleton, Anne Park, 97 

William, 104 

Peleg, 97 
Prentice, Mr., 93 

Raikes, Robert, 99 
Rathbun, Christopher, loi 
Reid, Whitelaw, 113 
Rhinelander, P., 112 
Rhodes, James, 104 
Root, Elihu, 113 
Roty, Louis 0., 112 

Sanger, Isaac, 96 

John, 94 

Mary Park, 96 

Rebecca Park, 94 
Segar, Sir Willm., 89 
Shaw, Jemima, 102 
Sheffield, George, 104 
Shepard, Pastor, 92 
Sherborn, C. W., iii 
Sherman, John, 92 
Smith, Charles Stewart, 113 
Spring, Anna, 94 

John, 92 
Stuyvesant, Rutherfurd, 113 
Sugar, Christopher, 99 

Talmage, Mary Avery, 107 

T. De Witt, 107 
Trowbridge, Mr., 93 
Trumbull, H. Clay, 99 

Walher, Mr., 89 

Isabella Parke, 89 
Ward, Samuel, 104 
Warren, General, 105 

Nathaniel, 91 
Welcher, Fanny Avery, 109 

Manfred P., 109 
Wesley, John, 99 
Whitmore, Francis, 92 

Isabell Park, 92 
Whittemore, Abigail Park, 96 

Nathaniel, 96 
Williams, Isaac, 95 
Wilson, Joseph, 92 
Winship, Edward, 92 

Elizabeth Park, 92 
Wiswall, Elder, 92, 93 

York, Hannah Stanton, 97, 102, 117 
James Stanton, 102 
Jemima Shaw, 102 



Authorities cited, 87 

Avery Architectural Library, iii, 113 

Boole Plates, 11 1 

Bronze Tablet, 113 

Collection of Etchings, no, 112 

Editorials and Resolutions, no, in, 
112, 113 

Gold Medals, 57, 66 

Park Pedigree, 117 

Silver Spoons, 112 

Bemis Mills, Cambridge, 95 

Book Plates, in 

Boston, Mass., 91, 105, 106, 117 

Bound Brook, N. J., 107 

Brooklyn, N. J., 107, 109, 117 

Bunker Hill, Mass., 102, 104, 105, 117 

Cambridge Church, 93 

Farms, 92, 94 

Mass., 91, 92, 93, 94, 117 

Proprietors, 92 

Village, 92 
Charles River, Cambridge, 92, 93, 95 
Charlestown, R. I., 97, 98, loi, 102, 

103, 105, 106, 117 
Christ's Church, Savannah, Ga., 99 
Coat of Arms, 89 
Coldpike Hill, England, 89 
Colonial Wars, 96, 103 
Columbia University, N. Y., 109, no, 

Crown Point, N. Y., 102, 103, 104 

Dedham, Mass.,92 
Dummer Farm, 92 
Durham, England, 89 
Duxbury, Mass., 91, 93 

Editorials and Resolutions, no, in, 

112, 113 
Eliot Church, 92 

First Church, Newton, Mass., 93 
First Church, Plymouth, Mass., 93 
Fort William Henry, N. Y., 102, 103, 

French Book Plates, in 
Fuller Farm, 92 

General Assembly, R. I., 105 
Gold Medal, 113 
Grimsby, England, 89 
Grolier Club, N. Y., no, 112 

Hadley, Mass., 96 
Harrisburg, Pa., 102, 104 
Hartford, Conn., 107, 109, 117 
Harvard College, 97 
Hudson, N. Y., 107 

Jersey City, N. J., 106, 117 

Keens, Tombstones, 107 
King Philip's War, 96 

Lake Champlain, N. Y., 104 
Lake George, N. Y., 102, 104 
Lemperly Check List, in 
Lenox Library, N. Y., no 
Lexington Alarm, 104 

Mass., 92 
Library, Avery Architectural, in 
Library, Lenox, no 

New York, Public, 112 
London, England, 91, 106, in 

Mahew Farm, 92 
Marysville, Cal., 114 
Mattatuck, L. L, 98, 99 
Mayflower Descendants, 93 
Metropolitan Museum, N. Y., no, in, 

112, 113 
Miniature, Benjamin Parke, 106 

Narragansett Historical Register, 105 

Indians, 98 

R. L, 98 
Newark, N. Y., 109 
Newport, R. L, 102, 105 - 
Newton, Mass., 93, 94, 96, 97, 117 

Monument, 93 
New England, 91 
New York, N. Y., 100, 102, 106, 107, 

109, 112, 113, 114, 117 
New York Public Library, 112 
Northfield, Battle of, 96 
Northamptonshire, England, 89 

Overland Monthly, 115 

Paris, France, in, 113 
Park-Avery Pedigree, 117 

Coat of Arms, 89 

Family in America, 87, 91 

Farm, 93 

Homestead, 97 

Joseph, Sermon, 100 

Monument, 93 

Pedigree, 89 


Park-Avery Sword, 104 

Tombstones, Westerly, R. I., loi 

Will, loi 
Parke, Benjamin, Miniature, 106 

Tombstones, N. Y., 107 
Parkevale, Pa., 102 
Peking, China, 107, 114 
Petition, Hannah S. Park, 105 
Philadelphia, Pa., 107 
Plymouth Church Records, 93 
Plymouth, Mass., 117 

Settlers, 98 
Port of London, England, 91 
Presbyterian Meeting-house, Westerly, 


Providence Plantations, 105 

Revolutionary War, 103, 104 

Sabbatarian Church, Westerly, R, I., 

San Francisco, Cal., 107, 114, ii^" 
Santa Barbara, Cal., 107 
Savannah, Ga., 99 

Searsport, Maine, 97 
Sherborn, Book Plate, in 
Ship "Defence," 91, 106, 117 
Silver Spoons, 112 
Southfield, L. I., 98 
Stonington, Conn., 97 
Sword, Benjamin Park, 104 

Teachers' College, N. Y., no, in, 113 
Trinity Church, N. Y., 106, 107 
Troy, N. Y., 107 

War of the Rebellion, 108 
War, King Philip's, 96 
War, Revolutionary, 103, 104 
Watertown, Mass., 92, 93, 94, 96, 117 
Westerly Church, 98, 99, loi 
Westerly Historical Society, loi 
Westerly, Meeting of Freemen, 104 
R. I., 97, 98, 99, 100, loi, 102, 103, 
104, 117 
Williams College, 109 

Yale Lectures, 99 


Alden, Johh, 124 
AUerton, Isaac, 124 

John, 125 
Avery, Deborah Lothrop, 134 

Ephraim, 134 

Hannah Parke, 134 

Hannah Piatt, 134 

John, 132, 133, 134 

John William, 134 

Little Pedigree, 134 

Mary Ogden, 135 

Ruth Little, 131, 132, 133, 134 

Samuel Putnam, 134, 135 

Sarah Fairchild, 134 

Warren Pedigree, 134 

Bailey, Abigail, 132 

Bancroft, George, 123 

Bartlett, Mary Warren, 127, 129 

Robert, 127, 128, 129 
Billington, John, 124 
Bradford, William, 124, 126 
Brewster, William, 124 
Brown, Peter, 125 
Butteridge, Richard, 125 

Carver, John, 124 
Chilton, James, 124 
Church, Benjamin, 128 

Elizabeth Warren, 127, 128, 131 

Church, Richard, 128, 131 
Clarke, Sarah, 131 

Richard, 125 
Collier, Jane, 128 
Cooke, Esther, 127 

Francis, 124, 127 

John, 127 

Sarah Warren, 127 
Crackston, John, 124 

Dotey, Edward, 125 

Eaton, Francis, 124 
EUwood, W., 133 
English, Thomas, 125 

Fairchild, Sarah, 134 
Faunce, John, 128 

Patience Morton, 128 

Priscilla, 128 

Thomas, 128 
Fletcher, Moses, 124 
Fobes, Constant, 132 
Foster, Richard, 129 
Fuller, Edward, 124 

Samuel, 124 

Gardiner, Richard, 125 
Goodman, John, 124 
Gosnold, Bartholomew, 123 

t49 ] 

Gray, Anna Little, 131 
Sarah, 130 
Thomas, 131 

Hopkins, Stephen, 124 
Howland, John, 124 

Jones, Captain, 123 
Joseph, 130 
Patience Little, 130 

Keene, Abigail Little, 130 

Josiah, 130 
King James, 124 

Leister, Edward, 125 
Little, Abigail, 130 

Abigail Bailey, 132 

Ann, 127, 129 

Anna, 131 

Anna Warren, 127, 129, 131, 134 

Barnabas, 132 

Bethiah Thomas, 130 

Coat of Arms, 129 

Constant Fobes, 132 

David, 131, 132 

Elizabeth Southworth, 132 

Ephraim, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134 

Fobes, 132 

Hannah, 130 

Isaac, 130 

John, 132 

Lemuel, 132 

Luther, 127 

Mary, 131, 132 

Mary Sturtevant, 130, 131, 133, 134 

Mercy, 130, 132 

Mercy Otis, 131 

Patience, 130 

Pedigree, 134 

Ruth, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134 

Samuel, 130, 131 

Sarah Clarke, 131, 132 

Sarah Gray, 130 

Thomas, 119, 121, 127, 129, 130, 131, 
132. 134 

Trunk, 131 

William, 132 
Lothrop, Deborah, 134 

Margeson, Edward, 125 
Martin, Christopher, 124 
Morton, Patience, 128 
Mullins, WiUiam, 124 

Oakman, Ruth Little, 132 
Tobias, 132 

Ogden, Mary Ann, 135 
Osborne, Mr., 127 
Otis, Job, 132 

John, 132 

Mercy Little, 131, 132 

Park, Richard, 128 
Parke, Hannah Anna, 134 
Pastor Little, 131 
Pearse, William, 129 
Piatt, Hannah, 134 
Priest, Degory, 125 

Ridgdale, John, 124 
Rogers, Thomas, 124 

Sawyer, John, 130 

Mercy Little, 130 
Snow, Abigail Warren, 128 

Anthony, 128 
Southworth, Elizabeth, 132 
Soule, George, 125 

Standish, Captain Miles, 124, 126, 127 
Stone, Nathaniel, 133 
Sturtevant, Mary, 130, 131, 133, 134 

Samuel, 130, 131 

Thomas, Bethiah, 130 
Tilden, Hannah Little, 130 

Stephen, 130 
Tilley, Edward, 124 

John, 124 
Tinker, Thomas, 124 
Turner, John, 124 

Walker, Sarah, 128 
Warren, Abigail, 126, 128 

Ann, 126, 127, 129, 131, 134 

Elizabeth, 126, 127, 128, 129, 131, 134 

General James, 128 

General Joseph, 128, 129 

Joseph, 127, 128, 129 

Mary, 126, 127, 129 

Nathaniel, 127, 128 

Pedigree, 134 

Priscilla Faunce, 128 

Richard, 119, 121, 124, 126, 127, 129, 

131, 133, 134 

Sarah, 126, 127 

Sarah Walker, 128 
White, Abijah, 132 

Ann Little, 132 

William, 124 
Williams, Thomas, 125 
Winslow, Gilbert, 125 

William, 124 



Authorities cited, 121 
Avery Silver Cups, 133 

Bristol, R. I., 130 
Brooklyn, Conn., 134 

N. Y., I3S 
Bunker Hill, Mass., 128 
Burial Hill, Plymouth, 131 

Cape Cod, Mass., 123, 124, 125, 126 
Christian Union Church, Truro, 133 
Compact Signers, 124 
Congress of the Province, 128 

Dartmouth, Mass., 127 

Dedham, Mass., 128, 132, 133, 134 

Eel River, Plymouth, 127, 128, 129 

Falmouth, England, 123 

First Church, Plymouth, 131, 133 

First Church, Truro, 133 

Greenwich, England, 126 
Hartford, Conn., 135 
Harwich, Mass., 133 
Highlands, N. Y., 134 
Hingham, Mass., 128, 130 

Jersey City, N. J., 134 
Journal of the Pilgrims, 127 

Kent, England, 126 

Leyden Pilgrims, 126 
Little, Coat of Arms, 129 

Trunk, 131 

Will, 131 
Little Compton, Mass., 131, 132 
Littletown, Mass., 127 
London, England, 126, 127, 133 

Marshfield, Mass., 128, 129, 130, 131, 

132, 133, 134 
Mayflower Compact, 124, 126 

Mayflower Descendants, 128, 129 
Pilgrims, 123, 126, 133 
Ship, 123, 134 
Signers, 124, 125 

New Plymouth, Mass., 127 
New York, N. Y., 134, 135 
North Truro, Mass., 133 
North Virginia, 123 

Pewter Plates, 133 
Pewter Tankards, 133 
Pilgrim Hall, Plymouth, 131 
Plymouth Colony, 128, 129 

Colony Records, 126, 127, 129 
Plymouth, England, 123, 126 
Plymouth, Mass., 126, 127, 128, 129, 

130, 131, 133, 134 
Plymouth Rock, 127 
Plymouth Wills, 127, 131, 132 
Pomfret, Conn., 134 

Reboath Fight, 130 
Registry of Deeds, 129 

of Probate, 131 
Rye, N. Y., 134 

Scituate, Mass., 130, 131, 132, 134 

Sea View, Mass., 127 

Shallop, 127 

Ship "Ann," 126, 127, 129 

"Concord," 123 

"Mayflower," 123, 126, 127, 129, 131, 

I33> 134 „ 
"Speedwell, 126 
Short Narration of Facts, 119 
Silver Cups, 133 
Sloop "High Pine," 132 
Southampton, England, 126 
Stratford, Conn., 134 

Truro, Mass., 132, 134 

West Indies, 123 




SEPT 00