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Full text of "Baldwin ancestry"

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cn/c/f/O \J 44A^ 







PREFACE. 



The facts contained in this book have been carefully collected 
from standard works of the ablest authorities ; and, so far as I am 
aware, are considered legal authority. The historians are William of 
" Malmesbury," " Anglo-Saxon Chronicles," also "Burke's Peerage," 
The Venerable Bede, Freeman, Guizot, Macauley, J. Horace Round, 
etc. The ancestors of our line belong to the extinct peerage, yet 
none the less is it an honor to claim what is every great English 
family's pride, and what Burke and others so repeatedly proclaim : 
The old, distinguished and illustrious line of descent from the 
nobles of the Conqueror's reign. Many of the present families of 
nobility have sprung from these ancestors. 

I wish also to add that certain authorities do not give the 
Conqueror a daughter Gundreda, but that she is child of Matilda by 
former marriage to Gerbod. But the line may be traced to the 
Conqueror by his daughter Adella to the de Bohuns, who are in 
line of descent. For line see appendix. 



This work I dedicate to my dear husband and children. 

Millie E, Baldwin. 
San Francisco, 1904. 



The Sign = signifies Married, also letter m. The letter d. for Deceased, and dau. 
for Daughter. 






C3V A 






PRESS OF FRANK EASTMAN & CO. 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

M. SHANNON, PRINTER. 

1904. 



3 -x -2. \ 'i V 



[3] 




Descent from Charlemagne 

EMPEROR OF FRANCE, GERMANY AND ITALY. 

Charlemagne (the Great) m. Princess Hildegarde had 

Louis I (le Debonaire), King of France, m. Judith, dau. 

of Count Guelph had 

Charles II (the Bald), King of France, m. Hermintrude had 

Louis II (le Beuge), King of France, m. Adelaide had 

Charles III (the Simple), King of France, m. Edgifu, 

sister of Athelstan, King of England had 

Louis IV (d'Outremer), King of France, m. Princess 
Gerberga, dau. of Emperor Henry I of 
Germany had 



[ 4] 

Charles, Duke of Lorraine (excluded from the throne by 
Hugh Capet), m. Agnes d'Vermandois, 
great-grand-dau. of Alfred (the Great), 
King of England had 

Charles, Duke of Lorraine. (His descendants became 
Landgraves of Thuringia and Dukes of 
Bavaria) had 

Wigerius, Duke of Bavaria had 

Baldwin Teutonicus, m. dau. of Richard de Clare (a 

Baron of Runymede) had 

Nicholas de Baschville, Lord of Castle Martel in Ger- 
many, m. a niece of Duchess Gunorra, 
aunt of William (the Conqueror) had 

William de Warren, m. dau. of Rafe de Torta, Protector 
of Normandy during the nonage of Duke 
Richard I had 

Roger de Mortimer, brother of William de Warren, first 

Earl of Surrey had 

Ralph de Mortimer, brother of the Earl of March, Lord 

of Wigmore Castle, m. Lady Millicent had 

Hugh de Mortimer, second Baron of Wigmore Castle 

(d. 1 185), m. Lady Maude had 

Roger de Mortimer, third Baron of Wigmore Castle 
(d. 1 2 15) m. Lady Millicent, dau. of 
Robert Ferers, fourth Earl of Derby, and 
his wife Sybilla, dau. of Sir William de 
Braose of Brecknock had 

Lady Joan de Mortimer m. Walcheline or Walter de 
Beauchamp, son of fourth Baron Beau- 
champ had 

William de Beauchamp, fifth Baron Beauchamp of 
Elmley, m. Lady Isabel, dau. of William, 
sixth Baron Mauduit and fourth Baron 
Henslape, heritable Chamberlain of the 
Exchequer had 



[5] 

William de Beauchamp, sixth Baron Beauchamp, created 
Earl of Warwick, m. Lady Maud, dau. of 
Sir John Fitz-John l-,j(j 

Guy de Beauchamp, second Earl of Warwick (b. 1275, 
d- 1315). ni. Lady Alice, dau. of Sir Ralph 
de Toni and was widow of Sir Thomas de 
Leyburn l^^d 

Lady Mathilda de Beauchamp, m. Geoffrey, second 

Baron de Say, Admiral of the King's fleet had 

Lady Idonea de Say, a great heiress (see Burke), m. 
Sir John Clinton of Maxtock, third Baron 
(1326-1397) had 

Lady Margaret Clinton, m. Sir Baldwm de Montfort had 

Sir William de Montfort, m. Lady Margaret Peche had 
Sir Baldwin de Montfort (b. 1445-1475), m. Lady Joana 

Vernon j^ad 

Robert Montfort of Bescote, Staffordshire had 
Catherine de Montfort, m. Sir George Booth, son of Sir 

William Booth, Sheriff of Chester had 
Sir William Booth, m. Ellen, dau. of Sir John Mont- 
gomery had 
Jane Booth, m. Sir Thomas Holford of Chester had 

Dorothy Holford, m. Sir John Bruen of Bruen Staple- 
ford, Cheshire h^fj 

John Bruen of Bruen Stapleford, m. Margaret. (This 
John Bruen was a great philanthropist, a 
benefactor to all the poor of three par- 
ishes, and of great piety. See later in 
my remarks) had 

Marie Bruen (came to America), m. John Baldwin, Sr. 
of Milford, Conn., one of the founders, as 
was her brother Obadiah. The Bruen 
family became eminent in America; many 
became celebrated clergymen and lawyers. had 



[ 6 ] 

Abigail Baldwin, m. Samuel Baldwin, son of Nathaniel 
Baldwin, one of the founders of Milford, 
Conn. had 

Captain Nathaniel Baldwin, who served in the war under 
King Charles II of England, m. Eliza- 
beth Parmelee had 

Samuel Baldwin, m. Mercy Stanley had 

Samuel Baldwin, who served in the American Revolu- 
tion, m. Lucina Hill had 

Harvey Baldwin, M. D., m. Nelly Calkins had 

Orrin Calkins Baldwin, m. Jane Whitman Luce had 

Orville Dwight Baldwin, m. Millie Eva Wehn had 

Blanche Evelyn and Orville Raymond Baldwin 

m. John McGaw had m. Anna Deuprey had 

Baldwin McGaw Doris Baldwin 

Evelyn Victoria McGaw Orville Dwight Baldwin 

Drusilla Baldwin 

Diane 



[ 7 J 




Alfred The Great, King of England. 



DESCENT FROM ALFRED (THE GREAT), KING OF 

ENGLAND. 

Ethelwnlf, King of Eng.. m. Osburga, sec. Judith, 

dau. of Charles II, King of France had 

Alfred (ihe Great), (by Osberga), m. Ealswith, dau. 

of Earl Ethelran had 

Princess Aelfryth, ni. l^aldwin IT, Count of Flan- 
ders had 

Baldwin 111, Count of Flanders (mons), m. 
Princess Matilda, dau. of Louis IV, 
King of France had 

Baldwin IV (the Bearded), Count of Flanders, m. 
Alinor, dau. of Richard II, Duke of 
Normandy had 

Baldwin V (d'Lisle), Count of Flanders, m. 
Ardella, dau. of Robert (the Pious), 
Kino- of France had 



[S j 




Matilda, Oueen of William (The Conqueror.) 



Princess Matilda Maud, m. William, Duke of 
Normandy, aftenvards the conqueror of 
Eng-land, 1060 had 

Princess Gundrcda, m. William de Warren, created 

Earl of Surrey had 



I'-n 




William I (The Conqueror), King of England. 



[ 10] 




William de Warren, First Earl of Surrey. The husband of Princess 
Gundreda. 

William, second Earl Warren and Surrey, m. Lady 
Isabel de Vermandois, dan. of Hugh 
Magnus, son of Henry I, King- of 
France, great grand dau. of Hugh Capet, 
King of France. had 

Lady Gundreda de Warren, m. first, Roger Bello- 
mont de New Bergh, secondly, Roger 
Beaumont, Earl of Warwick had 

Waleran de Newbergh, fourth Earl Warwick, m. 
Alice, dau. ol Sir John de Harcourt, 
and widi>w of Ralph de Lemesi had 

Lady Alice de Newbergh (of the house of Planta- 
genet) m. William Baron Mauduit, of 
Henslape had 



Lady Isabel de Manduit. sister of William Mau- 
duit. seventh Earl Warwick, m. Wil- 
liam (fifth) Baron Beauchamp, of Elm- 
ley Castle, will Jan. 7, 1268 

William de Beauchamp, created Earl of Warwick, 
m. Maud, dau. of Sir John Fitz-John,' 
chiej justice of Ireland 1258, and widow 
of Gerard de Furnival, 

Guy de Beauchamp, descent same as from Charle- 
masne. 



had 



had 



In 1312, time of King Edward II, of England, the black dog of the woods, 
the terrible Earl of Warwick, had as prisoner, the King's favorite. Piers 
Gaveston. He had given his solemn oath to King Edward I, to protect the 
young King from the vile influence of this man, upon his death bed, and had 
him sent in exile. Gaveston stood before his enemies and they sentenced him 
to die. There was a short march to Blacklow hill, near the famous Guy's 
Cliff, where the judicial murder was executed. The King granted an amnesty 
to all participants, and all the valuable gifts confiscated were restored to the 
Crown. 




Guy de Beauchamp, Second Earl Warwick, 



[ 12 ] 

ONE LINE OF DESCENT FROM ALFRED (THE 
GREAT), KING OF ENGLAND. 

Alfred (the great) m. Ealswith^ dan. of Earl Ethel- 
ran had 

Edward (the elder). King of England, m. Edgira, 

dau. of Earl Segeline had 

Princess Edgira m. Henry, Count of X^ermandois 

and Tro3'es had 

Hubert (fourth). Count of X^ermandiois, m. Adel- 
held, or Alice, dau. of Comnt de Valois, 
and descended from Pepin, King of 
Italy, son of Charlemagne (the great) had 

Lady Alice de Vermandois m. Hugh Magnus, son of 

Henry I, King of France had 

Lady Isabel de Vermandois m. first Robert de 
Beaumont, Earl of Melent, and first 
Earl of Leicester ; secondly, William 
de Warren, Earl of Surrey, a grandson 
of William the Conqueror, son of 
Princess Gundreda had 

Lady Gundreda de Warren m. firstl}- Roger Bello- 
mont de Newbergh ; secondly, Roger 
de Beaumont, Earl of Warwick. 

Lme continues same as from foregoing. 



ANCEvSTORS OF BALDWIN, COUNTS OF 
FLANDERS. 

Lidricus Harlebecencis, Forester, great grand- 
father of Baldwin I, had 

Baldwin I, Count of Flanders, m. Judith, dau. of 

Charles (second). King of France had 

Baldwin 11, Count of Flanders, m. Ealfthryth, dau. 

of Alfred (the great) had 

Baldwin HI. Count of Flanders, etc. 

From Tertullus (the rustic), whom the King made Seneschal 
of Aujou. descended the Plantagenets. 

From Robert (the strong) descended Hugh Capet. 

The two Christian families who have worn the greatest 

numbers of crowns stood side by side, at their begiinnings, 

conscious only of vigor and courage, if ignorant of their high 

destiny. 



[13] 

Plantagenet (Planta Genista), Scotch Broom. He (Geoffrey 
de Plantagcnet) so called from wearing- the flower in his hat. 
He was the sun of Fulke, Count of Anjo'U. 

Baldwins are also descended from Scotch Kings through 
Maud (the Good) Queen of Henry I. 



WEST SAXON KINGS. 

Ethllwulf. 

From this King the English chromicles trace the line of the 
generations of their Kings upwards, even to Adam. — (William 
of Malmesbury, historian), 

Alfeei) (the Great) Sox of Ethelwui.f. 

Ethelwulf was the son of Egbert, Egbert of Elmund, El- 
mund of Eafa, Eafa of B'oppa ; Eoppa was the so« of Ingild, 
the brother of King Ina, who were both sons of Kenred; 
Kenred, son of Ceolwald, Ceolwald of Cutha, Cutha of Cuth- 
win, Cuthwin of Ceawlin, Ceawlin of Cynric, Cynric of Creod- 
'ng, Creodin^ of Cerdic ; Cerdic was the first King of the 
West Saxons ; Cerdic of Elsa, Elesa of Esla, Elsa of Gewis, 
Gewis of Wig, Wig of Freawin, Freawin of Frithogar, Fritho- 
gar of Brond, Brond of Reldeg, Beldeg of Woden; and 
from him proceeded the Kings of many nations. Woden 
was the son of Frithowald. Frithowald of Frealaf, Frealaf of 
Finn, Finn of Godwulf, Gociwulf of Geat, Geat of Taetwa, 
Taetwa of Beaw, Beawa of Sceldi, Sceldji of Sceaf, who. as 
some afifirm, was driven on a certain island in Germany, called 
Scamphta (of which Jornandes, the historiani of the Goths, 
speaks), a little boy asleep, with a handful of corn at his head, 
whence he w^s called Sceaf; and on account of his singular 
appearance, being well received by the men of that country, 
and carefully educated, in his riper age he reigned in a town 
which was called Slaswic, but at present Haithby ; which 
country, called old Anglia whence the Angles came into 
Britain, is situated between the Saxons and the Gioths. 

Sceaf was the son of Heremod, Heremod of Itermon, Iter- 
mo-n of Hathra, Hathra of Guala, Guala of Bedwig, Bedwig 
of Streaf, and he, as thev say. was the son of Noah, born in 
the Ark. 

His ancestry can be traced in the Bible. 



[ 14] 



CHAPTER I. 

ROYAL ANCESTRY OF BALDWIN DESCENDED 
FROM BRUEN IN AMERICA. 

As will be seen by the foregoing charts of lineage, the 
ancestors date from a very early period, Charlemagne (the 
great) P^mperor is one of the ancestors ; also, two of his sons 
and grandsons, for three or four generations. 

Alfred (the great), King of E^ngland, and his son Edward 
(the elder), and his daughter Ealfthryth, are progenitors in a 
lineal hne. 

Ancestors also are from the powerful Dukes of Norniandy, 
commencnig with the founder, Rollo I, down to William the 
Conquero'r, who were connected by marriage with the Bald- 
wins, the Counts of Flanders. 

They were very powerful, and possessed immense wealth. 
They became famous in history as being the leaders in the 
crusades of the tloly Land, and they became the first Kings 
of Jerusalem, and all their descendants, after the male line 
became extinct, their daughters' husbands succeeded to the 
throne. The last descendant, lolanthe, was married to Fred- 
erick II, Emperor of Germany. He died possessed of .seven 
crowns. 

Ancestors of the house of Anjou are among the grand- 
parents. 

The oowerful house of Capet, its progenitor Robert (the 
v*^trong), down to King Henry I of France. 

The Hne of French, Flemish and English progenitors were 
united in marriage, and the line continues lineally through 
.several noblt^ and eminent families to Marie le Bruen, the wife 
of John Baldwin, S^., of ]\Iilford, Conn., America. 



L 15 1 

CHAPTER II. 
Empktcou Charlemagne. 

Charlemagne, h. April 2, 742, at Ingelheim, Mayence. His 
iather was Pcpin, who was the son of Charles Martel. Char- 
lemagne was married twice before he married Hildegarde, the 
mother of the sons that inherited the thrones of France, Ger- 
many and Italy. She was the daugjiter or the granddaughter 
of Gotfned, Duke of y\llemania. 

Her peeriess beauty is poetically described as that of the 
hhes blended with the roses, and it is said that she added to 
the charms of her person the shining attributes of a brio-ht 
intellect and a kind heart. ' ^^ 

Many historians have written of Charlemagne, and all give 
him the title of Great. He was considered a wonderful man 
of great intellectual reach, and a distinguished warrior. 

His eucotiragcmenits of the fine arts and the founding of 
schools are among his noble deeds. He was invariably kind 
and with unflagging energies. His mode of life was simple, 
dressuig as his people, save on certain occasions. He was a 
great lo'ver of the hunt, and was eariy and late in his saddle 
hunting m the Ardenne Mountains. 

His love of the beautiful was one of his attributes, whether 
to his credit or otherwise, but it was a very eariy period of 
civilization, and so one must overiook his faults and ponder 
over his good and celebrated deeds. Historv considers him 
one of the greatest Emperors, and Pope Hadrian said of him, 
the fame of his glorious line was destined to sound throughout 
the worid. He was made a patrician. 

In that celebrated battle of Roncevalls, madie famo-us in 
song and story, Baldwin is mentioned. It is the first time the 
name is noted in history. He is a nephew of Charlemagne, 
and it was he that took the horse of the dving Oriando, the 
favorite nepliew of Chariemagne, to tell him^ of his death. 
See the poem. "Songs of Roland." Chariemagne had eight 
children. King Pepin, his son. of Italv. was the ancestor of 
the Counts of de A^rmandois. 



[ 16] 

Charlemagne, Emperor, m. Hildergarde had 

Pepin, King of Lombard}^ m. Bertha, dau. of 

WilHam, Count of Toulouse had 

Bernard, King of Ivombard}^ m. Conegunde had 

Pepin, Count de Vermandois, m. had 

Hubert I, Count de Vermandois, m. had 

Hubert II, Count de Vermandois, m. had 

Albert I, Count de Vermandois, m, Gerberger, dau. 

of Louis IV of France had 

Hubert III, Count de Vermandois, m. Hermingarde had 

Otto m. Pavie had 

Hubert IV m. Hildegarde had 

Adelheld m. Count Hugh Magnus, son of Henry I, 
King of France, by the latter marriage 
uniting the names of Charlemagne and 
Hugh Capet, who was descended from 
the powerful house of Anjou by Robert 
(the Strong's) supposed descent from 
the great Saxon Wittikind. 

The death of Pepin is noted at the age of 33 years. It was 
.1 great bereavement to the Emperor, who would retire tO' the 
camp at \ erchm and weep upon the altar for his beloved son 
in solitude. 

He was buried in Milan on the fifth of the Ides of July, in 
the third year of the indication. 

A son of the s^rcat Lord Charles. 

II \c Pcpiiiiis Ih'x. qiiic-iral in pace, (/iii in hoc, regnavit pro- 
1 inria anu. 

In 796 ClKirlemagne engaged in a war with the Huns, whom 
he comciuered. and received many rare treasures of art and 
holy relics. 

He was tall and of commanding appearance. He died at 
Ingelhelm in 840. He divided his kingdom between hi'- three 
sons. Charlemagne lived threescore years and ten, but was 
not cQiTisid'ercd old. In the last years of his life he did rnord 
work of the highest intellectual reach than many of the ablest 
nen of half his aee. 



[ 17] 

CHAPTER III. 

Louis I (le Debonaire), son oi Charlemagne, m. Judith, a 
daughter of Gu^lph or WeU". 

Ancestry of the House of Guelph. 

Guelph I, Count of Wcingarten, was the founder, later 
Count of Altdbrf. The Dukes of Upper and Lower Bavaria 
engaged in the first Crusades. He had married a daughter of 
Bald^vin V, Judith, whose sister. Matilda, married William, 
the Duke of Normandy. I will give a more detailed account 
of the Baldwins, Counts of Flanders, later. 

The son of Louis was Charle<; H (the Bald), who was mar- 
ried to Hemiintrude of Orleans. He succeeded his father as 
King of France, and was succeeded by his son, Louis H (le 
Beuge), and he was succeeded by his' son Charles HI (the 
Simple), as King of France. He married Edgifu, a daughter 
of Edward (the Elder). Their son, Louis IV. King of 
France (styled d'Outremer, as he was born in exile while in 
England with his parent^;). He married Princess Gerberga, 
a daughter of Henry I of Germany (called the Fowler.) He 
was one of Germany's greatest Kings. 

In the year 921 the whole German nation was under his 
rule. After several battles, he conquered the whole of Lor- 
raine, which had still wavered between France and Germany. 
Soon he strengthened this union by giving his daughter, the 
Princess Gerberga, in marriage to' its Duke, Gislebert/'and 
during seven centuries that beautiful land was united with 
Germany. Gerberga, upon becoming a widow, married Louis 
IV of France. They had two sons, Lothaire and Charles. 
Duke of Lorraine. 

Louis V was son of Lothaire, and was on the throne of 
France. At his dieath Charles, Duke of Lorraine, was heir to 
tTie throne of his nephew. 

He had married Agnes de Vermandois. a great-grand- 
daughter of Alfred (the Great), also descended from Charle- 
magne. Thev had a son, Charles, Duke of Lorraine and 
Bavaria. 

To return to Charles HI and his Queen, Edgifu. When in 
exile they were received at the Court of Athelstan. King of 
England, as that monarch was her brother. Athelstan tried 
to conciliate Hugh (the Great), and the ruling power in 
France, to place Charles upon the throne. So he gave his 
sister, Eadhild. in marriage to Hugh. The negotiator was 



L 18 ] 

Adolof. Count of Boulog-ne, son of Baldwin II. Hugh was 
descended from rjobert (the Strong), Count of Anjou. Hugh 
Capet, his son, finally received the crown of France. 

Baldwin II was the founder of the house of Blois. 

Aelfthryth, a flaughter of Alfred (the Great), had married 
Baldwin II, Count of Flanders. She was a cousin of Athel- 
stan, and she brought rare gifts from Flanders to the mar- 
riage, relics from the Holy Land, a rare vase compared to the 
Barberini vase, the genuine sword that pierced the Saviour's 
side. I'he marriage to which this magnificence was a prelude 
w^as not a happy one. After some years they separated. 

Hugh later married Pledwig, a daughter of Henry I of Ger- 
many. 

Her brother, Otto, afterwards King, married Edith, sister 
of Athelstan, thus umiting- Germany and England. 

Louis IV was placed upon the throne of France, although 
Hugh Capet was virtually the ruler. 

His mother was Edgifu. a sister of Athelstan. Her life re- 
dounds little to her credit. Having formed an attachment foi) 
the Count of Meaux. son of Count de \^ermandois. whO' de- 
prived her husband of his throne, she caused him, as it were, 
to forcibly carry her off. They were subsequently married, 
but her son, Louis, justly provoked at such flagrant conduct, 
had her committed to the care of his Queen, Gerbcrga. 



[19] 

« 

CHAPTER IV. 

Baldwin I, Count of Flanders (House of Boulogne and Flanders) 

Eustace, Count of Boulogne 

\ 

lit I I 

Alfred Eustace Godfrey Baldwin I, King of Jerusalem Matilda 

I 
Pharamus 

I 
Daughter, of Wendover, Buckingham 

House of Blois 

William (the Conqueror) 



Adella= Stephen, Earl of Blois Gundreda= Wm. de Warren 

I Wm. d e Warren =Isabel de Vern iandois 

Stephen, Earl of BIois= Matilda of Eustace, I 

j Count Boulogne I 

I I Wm. de Warren, 

Eustace, Count Boulogne * Wm., Ct. Boulogne = 3rd Earl Surrey 

t Hameli nPlantagenet= Isabel de Warren 

I I , 

Ancestors of Bigods to Maud Fitz John 

Guarrem or Warren, of Castle Martel in Normandy 



Princess Gundreda= William de Warren Roger de Mortimer 

William de Warren Ralph de Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore 

I I 

Lady Gundreda Hugh de Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore 

I 
Roger de Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore 

I 
Lady Joan de Mortimer 

(A de Mortimer became the Earl of March) 



[20] 

Richard I (Sans Peur), 3d Duke of Normandy 



Godfrey, Earl Eu 

Godfrey, Count Eu, Earl Brion ^dau. Geslebert Suruamed Crispin 

I I 

i Fitz-Gilbert de Clare 

I The above is called 

j Ricardus de Benefacta then as 

VVigerius, Duke of Lorraine Ricardus de Tonibridge = Rohai8e 



Baldwin Teutonicus= Daughter 

Nicholas de BaschviUe, Lord of Castls Martel, in (xermany 

William de Martel, Earl of Warren 



William de Warren Roger de Mortimer 

Richard I=^Gunorra. Duchess of Normandy and Aveline = Osbern de Bolebec 



Walter Giflford, first Earl of Buckingham 

Rohaise 

Daughter m. Baldwin Teutonicus 
House of De Clare 



CHAPTER V. 

Counts of Anjou. 

Wittikind 

I 
Robert (The Strong), 

Hugh (Le Blanc) 

Hugh Capet, King of France, usurped throne in time of Charles III. 

Robert (the Pious), King of France. 



King Henry I, of France. Adella:^ Baldwin V. 

Phillip I, King of France. 
Hugh Magnu8= Alice d' Vermandois. 



L 21 ] 

You can note on chart of Alfred (the Great) the descent of 
AHce de Vermandois, tlirough his granddaughter, Princess 
Kdgira, and her marriage to the powerful Duke Hugh, brother 
of the reigning King Phillip I of France, whose descent ii 
from the illustrious house of Anjou, which was destined to 
give so many famous kings to the throne of France. 

I will now proceed with the house of Flanders and the Nor- 
man Dukes, as there were many of that illustrious line noted 
in history who are the progenitors of the Baldwins. 

Baldwin I, King of Flanders, married Judith, daughter of 
Charles II, King of France. She was the widow of Ethelwulf, 
King of England. She was grandmother of Godfrey of Bou- 
logne, Eustace and Baldwin, who went forth on the Crusades 
and became Kings of Jerusalem. 

From Lord's Beacon Lights of History, vol. H : Ethelwulf, 
King of England, at the age of sixty years, married a French 
Princess, a daughter of Charles II, who' was only fourteen 
years of age. Even in that rude age it caused a great scandal, 
which nearly caused liis dethronement. He was returning 
from his visit to Rome, with his young and favorite son, 
Alfred, later the King. He lived but two years after that mar- 
riage, and his youthful widow married his son Ethelbald, who 
inherited the throne. 

It was through this woman, Judith, and her subsequent 
husband Baldwin I (Bras de Fer), Count of Flanders, that the 
English Kings, since the Conqueror, trace their descent from 
Alfred the Great and Charlemagne. Her son, Baldwin II, 
Count of Flanders, married Aelfthryth, the daughter of 
Alfred. No doubt she brought about this union between the 
daughter of her talented stepson (Alfred) and her son, Bald- 
win II. From this union a couple of generations descended 
the Conqueror's Queen, being Matilda, daughter of Baldwin 
V, Count of Flanders, and his consort. Adella, daughter of 
Robert (the Pious), King of France. 

The present royal family of England can trace a direct 
descent through William ('the Conqueror), Alfred (the Great), 
and is allied by blood remotely with most of the reigning 
princes of Europe. The present line is also descen,ded 
through Judith to the Guelphs. The Baldwins of American 
birth, descended from Marie le Bruen, have the same line of 
descent. 



[22] 

Baldwin II, Count of Flanders, was the founder of the 
house of Blois. 

Charles 11 gave all the regiom between the Scheld and the 
sea to Baldwin T. and created him Count of Flanders. The 
King feared him as a rival in power, so he conciliated him and 
he became the bulwark against the French nation. He built 
the city ot FJruges in 856 as a fortress, and died in 880, having 
enjoyed his honors with peculiar celebrity. Flanders never 
had a man his superior in talent and warlike ability. 

It would appear that the Baldwins. Counts of Flanders, were 
the great leaders of every enterprise. They understood and 
identified themselves with their people's love of industry and 
freedom, and Arnulf (the CMd), Alfred's grandson, became the 
Alfred of Flemish historv. Ghent was celebrated for its fine 
arts and their great conmierce and weaving industries. The 
famous Bayeux tapestries were the needlework of Matilda's 
court ladies. 

Baldwin \' (de Lisle) was even more powerful than his pre- 
decessors. He v.as one of the most powerful vassals of the 
empire, \vhich had then risen to a height unknow^i since the 
days of Charlemagne. 

Earl Godwine was a close relative, his son, Tostig. having 
married his daughter, Judith ("Freeman" states her to be 
sister of Baldwin V), and thus a close and strong friendship 
was formed between England and Baldwin's land, as it was 
then called. 

Baldwin desired a marriage between his daughter, Matilda, 
and William the Duke of Normandy, and defied the Pope, 
who prohibited the marriage on account of kinship, and was 
excommunicated therefor. William w^as -anxious for the mar- 
liage, as it woukl strengthen his hold on France, as Matilda's 
mother. Adella, was sister of Henry I, King of France, and she 
wa.s a direct descendant of Alfred (the Great), and .some 
historians claim William desired the marriage to give him some 
rightful claim to England's rrown. 

Duke Godfrev of Boulogne stood by his kinsman in this 
churchly wrangle, as it was instigated by Earl Godwine of 
England to retain power there. Godfrey finally was forgiven 
and did penapce bv going on the Crusade to the Holv Land. 

A .«on, Bakhvin VI, the Count of Flanders, married 
Ixichildis. Countess of Namur and Hainault. Thev had sons. 



[23] 

Gilbert O'Guant aud Robert. The desceiidants of The Bald- 
win, Count of Flanders, followed the Crusade, Godfrey being 
grandson of Baldwin I and Judith and soau of Count Eustace 
and Ida of Boulogne, and in turn inherited the throne of Jeru- 
salem. The ma-le line of Baldwin Counts of Flanders lost 
their lives in that country and became extinct. The heirship 
went to the female side of the house. The Coiuitship was 
finally sold by Margaret, after many generations, to Charles 
d'Anjou, brother of the King of France. One of the heirs 
(male) from a daughter became a King of Spain. 

King John, the famous blind King of Bohemia, wais de- 
scended from the Baldwin line. History relates of him lead- 
ing in Ihe battle fray, bound to two companions. When found 
dead on tiiat battlefield, this device was found upon his shield, 
(Ich Dien) "I serve," w^hich motto ever since has been the one 
borne by the heir to the British throne, the Prince of Wales. 
Baldwin's daughter Judith afterwards married Guelph TV, son 
of Azo and Kunigondc, the founder of the younger house of 
Guelph, and Henry the Black possessed' successively the 
Duchy of Bavaria, from which illustrious stock the present 
royal race of England derives its descent. Count Guy of Flan- 
ders in 130C, Count Louis in 1338, Louis de Malle in 1384. 
Having no sons, the title went to Philip (the Bold) of Bur- 
gundy, who bad married the heiress, and became their ruler, 
holding the great possessions of Burgundv and Flanders. A 
daughter, Mary, married the Archduke of Austria. This rich 
possession now became a part of the House of Hapsburg, 
1477. Later, Charles, son of Philip of Spain, succeeded to his 
inheritance of the Netherlands, comprising seventeen prov- 
inces. All of the Netherlands, which was strongly Protestant, 
and under the Spinish rule suffered from the terrible Inquisi- 
tion. ^ The entire population was condemned to death, and 
sanctioned bv ro3'-al charter. The country was the richest of 
all the countries, and most advanced in civilization. 

Philip Augustus II of France married Isabella, daughter of 
Baldtwin.^ Count of Hainault, and niece of Philip of Flanders. 
By this marriage the ancient houses of Charlemagne and 
Capet were united, she being a direct descendant of Charles, 
Duke of Lorraine. A daughter of Charles, namied Hermin- 
garde, was married to Albert. Count of Namur, and from her 
descended Isabella of Hainault. 

In the historv of Mons. de Bonnechose of France he states 
that by the above link Queen Victoria may claim Charlemagne 
as one of her ancestors, Edward HI having married Isabella 
cf France. 



[2t ] 

The banished Charles, Duke of Lorraine, settled in Bavaria, 
and left sons, and a daughter. Herniing-arde. The Baldwin 
Counts of Flanders, Hainault and Burgundy, are descended 
from Charlemagne by descent from Judith and Louis L Ma- 
tilda, wife of the Conqueror, is tenth in descent. (See Burke.) 

Mary, Queen of Scots, was of the same line, being of the 
House of AnJGU. Guise and Lorraine. 



CHAPTER VL 
Dukes of Normaxdy. 

Rollo (Or Robert I) -Princess Gizella, dau. of Chas. III. 

I 
William (Long Swords). 

I 
Emn'ia=Richard I (Sans Peiir). 

I 
Richard II (the Good). 



Richard III. Robert (the Magnificent). AUinor. 

I 
William (the Conqueror) = Matilda Maud, dau. Baldwin \ . 

Counts of Boulogne and Flanders are kinspeople. The 
nobles who took up the cross on a Crusade to the Holy Land 
were Hugh the Great, son of Henry I of France; Robert, 
Count of Flanders: Stephen, Count of Blois. As you remem- 
ber, Baldwin H was the founder of the House of Blois. Ray- 
mond of Toulouse, Eustace of Boulogne. Baldwin, Robert the 
Magnificent of Normandy, and Trancred. 

The Crusafles took place in the tenth and eleventh centu- 
ries. 

In Edward the Confessor's time (1050) one Peter Baldwin 
is noted in the fragmentary papers as Baldwin Capilanus. He 
was afterwards made Abbot of St. Edmundsbury. He had 
been a monk at vSt. Denis, Paris. Edward was educated at thd 
court of Baldwin. 1 wish to sliow the early Baldwins in Eng- 
land. 



[ 25 J 

TuE Counts of Boulogne. 

Eustace, son of Baldwin, one of the ancestors, married Goda, 
or Ida, who brought liim rich possessions and the Countship 
of that ancient House of Boulogne. The emblem of a Swan 
is the ancient cognizance of the house. For a more compre- 
hensive history of them read the work by J. Horace Round 
called The Counts of Boulogne as English Lords. ' 

In this work many by name Baldwin are mentioned. The 
rich auid pow^erful family of de Warren was the next in de- 
scent. (Look on chart.) Edith, a daughter of Princess Gun- 
dreda and sister of William de Warren, was the ancestor of 
the powerful family of Howards. 

Catherine Howard was a consort of Henry VHL The 
present title is Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, 
premier Duke of England, immediately after the Prince of 
bloold royal, I wish to show how this ancient title is held, 
and the Baldwins are descended from her mother and father! 
Among the tenures of this great fief was one Baldwin de 
Austry, and a son is given lands in Wendover County, Bucks. 

You will here notice that the earlv Baldwins held lands in 
Wendover— that is, the English Baldwin ancestors. 

So that there can be small doubt that they are of that de- 
scent. Every one of that name in England contemporary with 
the Conqueror was of descent from the Counts of Flanders. 

So it is reasonable to supposd the later Baldwins in that 
locality must be their offspring. I am making a mord 
searching invcstigatio'U in that direction. You must remerrt. 
ber that they are most surely descended from the Counts of 
Flanders, bv descent from Sir John Bruen, through a female. 
But it would be more than gratifying to show an unbroken 
male descent from that great and ancient house. It is rarely 
shown for any great period. 

Of the powerful House of Anjou, Rollo, or Robert, was a 
great captain engaged by Charles II, King of France, to pro- 
tect the frontier from invasion by the powerful Normans. You 
will note the line of descent. 

I will now show a chart with all the names o(f the ances- 
tors, and their connections by marriage. 

Every name on the chart is an ancestor. 



-^/? CltA^'t 



[ 27 J 

CHAPTER VII. 

It will be seen from the chart how Isabel de Vermandois is 
descended from Hugh Capet, paternally, and from Charle- 
magne and son, King Pepin, maternally. Later on, after her 
marriage with William de Warren, second Earl Warren and 
Surrey, the son of Princess Gundreda, who' is descended from 
Alfred the Great through Matilda, daughter of Baldwin V, 
Count of Flanders. Her descendants follow down to Guy de 
Beaitchamp, Earl of Warwick. He is descended by his father, 
Willian:. w-ho is descended from Charlemagne, through the 
line of French Kings, the Earls Mortimer, to William de 
Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, who married Lady Maud Fitz- 
John, father and mother of Count Guy. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

I shall now give a short series of descriptions of the various' 
manors, also the original holders of lands at the time and 
before the concjuest of England, in the County of Essex) 
which locality is the ome where mostly all the ancestors lived. 

The articles were discovered in a rare volume, called "The 
Counties of Essex and Their Holders." 

Note how the lands changed hands, by descent, from inheri- 
tance, at limes by confiscation, again their restoration. Some 
of these ancient historic places are still to be seen, though 
mostly in a state of ruin. 



[28] 

Before proceeding with this part of my subject, I will place 
before ycu a short synopsis of the Baldwin Genealogy. 

They are the deductions that would connect the early line 
O'f the Baldwins with the ancient historic connections. 

Judge Charles Candee Baldwin, the very eminent genealo- 
gist, leaves tlie inference quite plain, and one can form almost 
a c(jntinuo-us line from Baldwin through Baldwin, as is done 
from Baldwin to Bruen maternally, and then to the royal 
bne. The relationship of Sir John Bruen of England is to 
Orville Dwight Baldwin that of sixth great-grandfather, to 
Queen Matilda twenty-fifth great-grandmother. That of 
Alfred the Great, twenty-eighth great-grandfather. Each 
name following in lineal line from Alfred is a child of the 
fcrmer name. This is the longest unbroken descent in all the 
vvx>rld. Queen \'"ictoria held her throne on no greater or 
stronger line, though the Stuarts were dethroned, and, by 
marriage to a Hapsburg of Germany, changed the line. 

She counts among her ancestry the same progenitors as do 
the American Baldwins, such as her descent from the house 
of England's earliest Saxon Kings, also of Charlemagne, and 
from the house of Anjou, whose Princesses married the 
Scotch and English Kings. Tlie mother of Marie Stuart, 
Heing a descendant of Anjou, and her 'son, James I, whose 
daughter married the Elector of Palatine, Victoria derives 
descent from them after several generations. 

As these noble ancestors of Marie Bruen were all de- 
scended and connected ^vith all the royal lines of Europe to 
the time after \^''illiam the Conqueror and to the rich and 
powerful Plantagenets. the Beauchamps, the de Newbergs, 
Mauduits and de Say, the Booths and her most eminent father 
John Bruen, himself descended in a male line from a great 
family to T200, this Hne of BaldNvin may justly be proud. 
Several of the ancestors are of the great Charter Barons, or 
the Barons of Run)'-mede. 



ANCESTRY OF BALDWIN, 

Male Line. 

Richard Baldwin, of Dundridge, England, 1552, 

m. Ellen Apoke had 

Richard Baldwin, Dundridge, Eng. had 

Richard Baldwin, of Cholesburgh, Eng., 1630, 

m. Isabel had 



L i^') J 

Nathaniel Baldwin, of Cholesburg-, Engf., enii- 
gratecl to America, 1639, m. Joana 
Westcoat, widow had 

Samuel Baldwin, born in Fairfield, Conn., 1665^ 
m. Abagail Baldwin, dau. of John 
Baldwin, Sr., and wife Marie Bruen, of 
Bruen Stapleford, Eng. 

Captain Nathaniel Baldwin, b. Nov 28, 1693, 
in Guildford, Conn., died 1760, m. 
Elizabeth Parmelee had 

Samuel Baldwin, b. March 18, 1725, in Guildford, 
Conn., m. Mercy Stanley, died Febru- 
ary 22 ,1804 had 

Samuel Baldwin, b. Goshen, Conn., May 25, 1755, 
m. Lucina Hill, served six months in 
the Revolution had 

Harvey Baldwin, M. D., b. January 26, 1784, in 
Lexington, New York, d. April 9, 
1852; m. Nelly Calkins, b. June 6, 
1784; m. (second) Cynthia Searles, b. 
January 28, 1797; m. (third) Betsy 
Wightman, b. March 7, 1791; m. 
(fourth) Sarah Groom had 

Orrin Calkins Baldwin, b. February 9, 1809, in 
Lexington, New York, d. November 5, 
1 86 1, m. Jane Wightman lyuce of Middle- 
burgh, N. Y,, dau, of Betsy Whitman 
Euce had 

Orville Dwight Baldwin, b. August 8, 1843, in 
"Renslaerville, N. Y., came to San Fran- 
cisco, California, m. Millie Eva Wehn, 
dau. of Charles Frederick Wehn, and 
son of Dorothea, dau. of William Von 
Glode; and Millie also descended mater- 
nally from Michael and Catherine Rohe, 
by their dau,, Eva Catherine Rohe — had 

Blanche Evelyn Baldwin and Orville Raymond 
Baldwin 



[ 30 ] 

Blanche E., b. March i8, 1874, in San Francisco, 
Cal., m. John McGaw, b. July 3, 1865, 
in Brentwood, Middlesex, England had 

Baldwin McGaw, b. January 27, 1900, in San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., and 

Evelyn Victoria McGaw, b. February 13, 1901, in 
San Francisco, Cal. 

Orville Raymond Baldwin, b. February 6, 1876, in 
San Francisco, Cal., m. Anna Deuprey, 
dau. of Eugene Deuprey and Florence 
Hillyer, b. June 20, 1878 had 

Doris Baldwin, b. December 24, 1897, in San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

Orville Dwight Baldwin, b. January 19, 1899, in 
San Francisco, Cal. 

Drusilla, b. June 19, 1900, in Santa Barbara, Cal. 
Desire'e, b 1904 in Middletown, Eake Co., Cal. 



[31 ] 




John Bruen, of Bruen Stapleford, Cheshire, Eugland, father of Marie 

Bruen. 



[32] 




Born April 11, 1793. Descended from John Bruen. He was a noted minis- 
ter of the gospel. His ancestor, Obadiah, the brother of Marie Bruen, bought, 
with two or three others, of the Indians, what is now Newark, formerly New 
Work, and the Bruens have continued living there to the present time. 



[ 33] 




Ira Baldwin, son of Samuel Baldwin and brother of 
Harvey Baldwin. 



[ 34] 




Ambrose Baldwin, brother of Harvey Baldwin and grandfather of 
Dr. Frank Baldwin. 



[35 ] 




Frank Baldwin, M. D. 



Dr. Baldwin is descended from Horace Goodyear Baldwin, son of Ambrose. 
The latter is brother to Harvey, who is the grandfather of Orville Dwight 
Baldwin, 

It gives me pleasure to place his name in this work, and also his likeness, as 
he has given valuable assistance in tracing the family history. He is a prac- 
ticing physician in Brooklyn, N. Y. He married Anna Richie Cook. Her 
grandmother was a Baldwin, distantly related to Ambrose Baldwin. 

Their children are : John (Jack) Cook, Emily Rebecca, Ardis, and Richard 
Baldwin. 



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[37] 




[38] 



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Millie Eva Baldwin (Wehii ) 



[ 39] 




Orville Dwight Baldwin. 

(See Appendix B.) 



[40] 




Blanche Evelyn McGaw (Baldwin). 

(See Appendix H.) 



[41 ] 




John McGaw. 



[42 J 




Baldwin INIcGaw. 
(Child of Blanche.) 



[43 1 





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Evelyu Victoria jNIcGaw. 

(Child of Blanche.) 



[44] 




Orville Raxiiioiid Baldwin. 
(See Appendix B.) 



r 45 ]; 




Anna Deuprey, wife of Orville Raymond Baldwin. 



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Orville R. Baldwin, at the age of two years. 



[47 1 




Doris, Drusilla, and Orville Dwight Baldwin. 
Children of Orville R. Baldwin. 



[48 ] 




Windermere. 



3700 Washington street, San Francisco. This home, built for Mr. Orville Dwight 
Baldwin, and occupied by him and family for ten years. From here tlieir two children 
married, and here were born his two grandchildren, Baldwin McGaw and Evelyn 
Victoria McGaw. 



[49 J 





Angelia Jane Bowman (Baldwin). Caroline Mary Bertz (Baldwin). 

Immediate descendants of Orrin Calkins Baldwin. 



[ 50 




Warren Luce Baldwin, son of Orria Calkins Baldwin and Tane Wightnian Luce. 

(See Appendix A.) 



[ 51] 




Josephine Easton Preston (Baldwin). 



[52] 




Jane Zilpha Swartley (Bowman). 



[ 53] 

' CHAPTER IX. 

Manor of Lambourne. 
The names of ancestors will be in italics. 

Eustace, Earl of Boulogne, whoi was father of Godfrey, also 
had a son, Alfred. Eustace left this estate to Alfred^ from 
whom it passed to his younger son, Pharamus de Boulogne. 
Matilda, daughter of Eustace, married Stephen Earl of Blois, 
wlio was son of Adella, daughter of William the Conqueror, an<l 
Stephen, Count of Blois. The children of Matilda and 
Stephen are Eustace, Count of Boulogne, and William, Count 
of Boulogne. The latter is married tO' Isabel de Warren, the 
great heiress, granddaughter of Princess Gundreda. Matilda 
had an immen^'ie fortune. King Henry I of England arranged 
the marriage, and Stephen afterwards became his successor on 
the throne of England. A daughter of Pharamus, sole 
heiress, exchanged this manor for the manor of VVendover in 
the County of Buckingham. The Baldwins of the early 
period had lands in Wendover, and also Dundridge, which is 
near by, was given by Henry VHI to Sir John Baldwin. 
After having been held for generations by the Earls of Salisbury, 
Margaret the last of her line being beheaded, the estate fell to the 
crown. The Boulogne family were connections of Baldwins, 
Counts of Flanders. It would seem that the Baldwins in 
V/endover wtre connected to these of Boulogne. Sir John 
died in 1546. He was son of William Baldwin and married 
Agnes Dormer, daughter of William Dormer of West 
Wycomb. The Dormers were an old and wealthy family, 
whose line continued after and rose to an Earldom. His 
grandson became ^^iscount of Ascot and Earl Caernarvon. 
Plis sister married Somerset, Lord Herbert and Marquis of 
\\^orcester. 

Baldwm de Plampdcn was one of the Norman favorites of 
the Saxon king, Edward the Confessor. Hampden was and 
is in the same locality where in after years Baldw^ins were 
plenty. John Hampden remembers his brother, by name 
Baldwin, m his will. A Baldwin held lands in Gloucester- 
shire. In 1198 Robert Fitz Baldwin holds lands. These 
Baldvv'ins were certainlv connections of the Counts of Flan- 
ders, Boulogne and William the Conqueror. Aylesbup/ 
Cathedral had for abbots Richard Baldwin and Johan de 
Hampden in 1272. Sir John Baldwin died without a male 
heir, but Richard and John Baldwin were no doubt his 
nephews, as they held lands formerly held by him. Simon de 
Montacute held Dundridge from 1316, and his heirs, the Earls 
of Salisbury, held it till 1541, when it came to Sir John 



\ 54 J 



Sir John Baldwin was Chief Justice of England, 1536. He 
was Lord of the Manor of Aylesbury. In 1540 Henry VHI 
granted him the home and site of Gray Friars, Aylesbury, also 
Missenden Abbey, and 1544 the fee of Dunbridge. He built 
the new road leading to Wendover and Missenden.. 

The holders of lands in Essex from the time of William the 
Conqueror were Eudes, Bishop of Bayeux, his half brother; 
Arietta, the mother, who married Harluin, a Norman, 
had Odo, Robert, Earl of Mortain, and Emma, Countess of 
Albemarle; Eustace, Earl of Boulogne; William de Warren, 
Earl of Warren, he married Gundreda; Richard, son of Earl 
Gilbert, progenitor of the ancient house of Clare ; Hugh de 
Moniforl; Henry de Ferrers, a noble Norman, from whom de- 
scended the Earls of Derby; Robert Gernoru; who were de- 
scended from the house of Boulognie; Ralph Peverill ; Alebric 
de Veer m. Beatrix, half sister of William, the founder of the 
de Veers; Earl O'f Oxford, a daughter, married Pagan de 
Beauchamp ; Judith, the Conqueror's niece, married Waltheof. 



[55] 

LiXEAGE OF Hampton. 

The antiquity of this family is beyond dispute. It dates 
from the foundation of the monastery at Kenilvvorth, time of 
Henry I of England, son of William the Conqueror, and as- 
sumed surname from one of the Packingtons. Sir John Bald- 
win's daughter married a Packington, a great heiress. He left 
no male heir, but two daug'hters. Robert Packinigton, time of 
Henry IV, was father of John Packingtoni, leaving a son John ; 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Washburn, Esq. Had 
three sons, one of the inner temple, John, time of Henry VII. 
Sir John's wife was Anne, widow of Tychburne. His fortune 
was divided between his brother, Humphrey, Robert and 
daughter. Ursula married Sir J. Scudamore, Bridg-et married 
Sir John Littleton. Eobert Packington, second son, was 
murdered in the streets of London in 1537. He had married 
Catherine, daughter of Sir John Bald\vin, Chief Justice of Eng. 
land, son of William Baldwin and Agnes, his wife, daughter of 
\\^illiam Dormer, Esq., of Wycomb, Bucks. By this marriagd 
with Baldwin the manors of Aylesbury, Dundridge and Bucks, 
with other considerable lands, came to the family of Packing- 
^n. Had issue lliomas, Elizabeth, Anne and Margaret 
Sir John Packington fell heir to his g-randfather's estate. Sir 
John Baldwin's. Died June 2, 1571, being- buried with great 
pomp at Aylesbury. The children were Mary, Catherine and 
Marg-aret. Sir John Packington was a great favorite of 
Queen Elizabeth. He was invited to her court and was 
knighted. He lived in great splendor, and was remarkable 
for his lofty stature and comely person. This great man 
died, aged 70. January, 1625. 
Copied from Burke's Peerage. 



5(> 



ALICE DE TONI. GUY DE BEAUCHAMP. 
Walthemstow Toni. 

This manor j^iven by William the Conqueror to Ralph de 
Tond, who was his standard-bearer at the time of the conquest. 
He had a son, Robert, who, deceased, left the estate to his 
sister^ Alice, as heiress. 

Walthemstow Toni, or High Hall^ now belongs to the May- 
nard family. Alice at the time was the wido^v of Thomas de 
Leybume. She afterv^'ard married Gvy de Beaucliamp, Earl 
of Warwick. 

It passed to the crown at one time, but was restored to the 
Beauchamps, till it finally came to Richard (the King Maker), 
who was a Nevil, not a Beauchamp, he having married the 
heiress. 

Alberic de Veer married Beatrix, half sister of William the 
Conqueror. He was the founder of the noble family of Veer, 
Earls of Oxford. 



[ 57 ] 



Waldron de Saffron 

Was firGt holden by Geoffrey de Manville, who accompanied 
William the Conqueror. He received no less than ii8 lord- 
ships. He built the castle, a part of it remaining to this day. 
The name was derived from a town in Normandy and the 
estate of Waldroii became the head of the barony and the 
honor of Mandeville. 

He was succeeded by his son, William, who- was made con- 
stable of the Tower, and succeeded by his son, Geoffrey, and 
advanced by King- Stephen to the title and dignity oif the Eiarl 
of Essex. 

It was during the strife for the crown between Stephen and 
Matilda, to whom it had been left by her father, that Geoffrey 
took part with Matilda, who confirmed to him whatever his 
grandfather or father ever held in forts or castles, and particu^ 
larly the Tower of London. She also confirmed on him the 
office of hereditary sheriff of London, Middlesex, Hertford- 
shire and Essex. 

It was not long that Matilda could support her hereditary 
dignity. Geoffrey Mandeville was killed September 14, 1144. 
His second son had restored by King Henry II his father's 
and grandfather's and great-grandfather's estates, alsO' the 
Earldom of Essex. He married Eustacia. At his death the 
estates reverted to his brother, William de Mandeville, who 
went to the Holy Land with Phillip of Flanders. Geoffrey 
was buried in the Abbey of Mortimer in Normandy, and his 
heart brought to England and deposited in the chapter house 
of Waldron Priorv. 



[ 58 J 

Beatrix, his aunt, who was sister tOi WilHam the Conqueror, 
would have succeeded to his estates, she being the lawful heir, 
but being aged she waived her claim for her yoimgest son, 
Geoffrey de Say. 

It was afterwards transferred to Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, who 
married her grand'laughter. by her son, William. 

Their eldest son too-k the name of Mandeville, and then it 
came to his sister, Maude, wife of Henry de Bohun^ and finally 
to a daugiiter, Eleanor, who married Thomas of Woodstock, 
who was sor. of King Edward IV. 

LrsTox Hall. 

Held bv Hugh de Gernon, who became a monk, married 
B2'.silia, daughter of Gerard Flatel. Gerard married Edith, 
sister of Wilh'a>n, Earl de Warren, leaving Hugh, who was 
taken under the patronage of Henry I of England. He mar- 
ried Maude, sister of Ralph de Peronne, Count de Vernian- 
dois. Had son, Hugh Cavendish. The family took name 
from the ancient one of Gernons of Boulo!gne. 

WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP AND MAUDE. 
E.ASTOX Hall, Boelky. 

The lands lie in Borley, Bellechamp Otten (Beautiful Vale). 
Before the conquest these lands belonged to Grima and 
Godiva. William le Gro-s left two- daughters, of whom Arnica 
was the mother of Constance, wdiose son was Ralph de 
Easton . 

Nicholas de Beauchamp held possession here, and was suc- 
ceeded by the de Veers, in which noble family the estate con- 
tinued several generations. John de Veer granted it to Maude, 
wife of William de Beaucliam/p. It belonged tO' Alberic, the 
tenth Earl, about 1400, and it was holden by his widow. Alice, 
of the Earl of March, It then fell to Richard, eleventh Earl, 
and by his widow, Alice, and to their son, John Howard, Duke 
of Norfolk, but was restored by King Henry VII to^ John, the 
thirteenth Earl of Oxford. 



[59] 

RICHARD FITZ GILBERT (EARL OF CLARE). 
Cr.iiRET Hall. 

The family of Vaux, or Vails, were possessed of this manor, 
and it was sold by Robert de Vails to Richard de Clare, E^rl 
of Gloucester, who'se grandson, Gilbert, Earl of Clare, Her-, 
ford and Gloucester, in I2Q5 died possessed of this manor and 
hamlet of Claret. 

His son, Gilbert, died and left three sisters. Ealenor mar- 
ried Hug-h, Lord Spencer; Elizabeth married John de Burgh, 
Earl of Ulster, ancestor of Burke of the Peerage; secondly," to 
Theobold, Lord Verdon ; lastly, to vSir Roger de Morry; third 
sister married Fiers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall, then to 
Hugh. Lord Audly. In 1316 Elizabeth died, leaving a daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth, who married Lionel, third son of King Richard 
HI, created Duke of Clarence, and his daughter, Phillipa, mar- 
ried Edward de Mortimer, third Earl of March. He was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Roger, and his grandson, Edmund Mor- 
timer, Earl of March, Lord of Wigmore, Trim, Clare and Con- 
naught. 



60 



BEAUCHAMP. EARL WARREN. 

HlNCKFOPiD. 

John, the fifth Earl of Oxford, a de Veer, g-ranted Hinck- 
ford to Maude, wife of William de Beauchamp. Beatrice is 
second daughter and coheiress toi WilHam de Warren, Earl 
Warren in Nonnandy. He married a daughter of the Con- 
queror, and accompanied him on a great expedition. Tlie 
daugliter was Princess Gundreda. He distinguished himself 
during the military engagements, and was most liberally re- 
warded by having numerovis estates given him, with the office 
of Chief Justice of England. He was afterwards made Earl 
of Surrey by William Rufus, and died (1089) in possession of 
more than two hundred lordships in Essex and other counties. 

The ancient holders were King William, Eudes, the half 
brother of William (the Bishop) : Eustace, Earl of Boulogiie, 
grandfather of Godfrey de Boulogne. 

Maude is daughter of John Fitz-Jolnu married WiUiam d6 
Beauchamp, created Earl of Warwick. 

Princess Gundreda, daughter of William the Conqueror, 
married William de Warroi, first Earl of Surrey. 



[ 61 ] 

Peyton Hall 

Belonged to Geoffrey Baldwin in the reign of Edward II. 

Thaxted Church 

Contains an old window showing the intermarriage of these 
no'ble families. King Edward IV; Lionel, Duke of Clarence; 
Iforlimer, Earl of March ; de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, Earl of 
Clare; the Catholic wheel and pomegranate, the cognizance 
of Catherine of Arago^n. The ceiling is of fine carved wood. 

High Roding. 

Given by the Conqueror to William de Warren, first Earl of 
Surrey, succeeded by son, William, and grandson, William, 
v.'hose onh daughter, Isabel, by marriage conveyed it to Wil- 
liam of Blois and was succeeded by Hamelen Plantaganet, whom 
she married, William of Blois, King Stephen's son having died, 
then to William, to John, and his grandson, John, dying without 
issue, succeeded to his sister, Alice, who married Edmund 
Fitz-AIlen, Earl of Anmdel, who, falling- a victim to the in- 
trigues of Queen Isabel and Roger Mortimer, was beheaded. 
It was restored to his son, Richard. Tlien to Earl of Arundel, 
his son ; finally to Ormond and Earl of Wiltshire and Anne de 
Bouievn. 



62 ] 



MORTIMER. WIGMORE CASTLE. MILLICENT DE 

FERRERS. 
WooDHAM Ferrers. 

Henry de Ferrers, son of Gualclieline de Ferrers, a noble 
Norman, who also had four other lordships in this country. 
Enguelf and William, his twO' oldest sons, dying before him, 
he was succeeded bv his youngest son, Robert, who for his 
valor at the battle of Standard and in Yorkshire against King 
David of Scotland, was created Earl of Derby by King 
vSiephen in 1138 and died the year following, leaving his son, 
Robert, to succeed him, styled the younger, as Earl of Ferrers 
and Earl of Nottingham. His son, William, succeeded him, 
remarkable as being possessed of seventy- nine knights' fees. 
He married Margaret, heiress of William Peverell of Notting- 
ham, by whom he had Robert, Earl of Ferrers, who married 
Sybilla, daughter of William de Braose of Brecknock, by 
whom he had j\[UUr<>ni, wife of Eoger, Lord Mortimer, of Wig- 
more. 

He also had a daughter, Agatha, concubine to King John, 
and by that monarch mother to Joane, who married Lleweln, 
Prince of Wales. He also had by Sybilla his son and heir, 
William, Earl Ferrers, whom King Richard first deprived of 
his possessions, giving them to John, Earl of Mortain, William 
the Conqueror's half-brother, but afterwards regained them. 
Pie was succeeded bv his son. William, created Earl of Derby 
by King John. He was created by charter July 7, 1205, ^"d 
girt with a sword by the King's own hands, being the first) 
mentioned to have been so knisfhted. 



[63] 

He married Sybilla, daughter oif William Mareschall, Earl 
of Pembroke. By Sybilla he had seven daughters, and by his 
second wife, Margaret, daughter o^f Ouincy, Earl of Win- 
chester, he had Kobert, who succeeded to the earldom and was 
the last Earl of Derby. The earldom went to the family of 
Grey of Ruthen, and Sir John Grey, Lord Lisle, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Wildville, Earl Rivers, by 
whom !ie had two sons. Sir Thomas and Richard Woodville. 
His widow was afterwards the wife of King Edward IV. His 
son, Thomas was created Earl of Huntington, and by inters 
marriage to Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, from whoin 
sprang the unfortunate Lady Jane Grey, the mother being 
Mary, of whom, in "When Knighthood was in Flower," she 
is made the heroine. Roger, third Baron Mortimer of Wig- 
more Castle, married Millicent, daughter Oif Robert de Eer-" 
vers, fourth Earl of Derby. 

It will be seen here that the family of Grey Woodvilles were 
connections of Roger Mortimer and Millicent de Ferrers. 

Thetbon Mount. 

Godric held this portion before the conquest. 

This manor lying contiguous to Stapleton. Tany, or 
Packard, de Toni. Thomas Hampton was in possession oi 
this manor. 

John was his son and heir, and John his grandson. 

Sir John died possessed of this estate, 1553. His next heirs 
were Edward Ferrers and Anne. Sir John Hampden married 
Philippa, daughter of John Wilford. 



[64] 



Chigwell Hall. 

There are three manors in this parish. The manor house 
belonged to Harold, time of conquest, and the survey formed 
part of the possessions of Ralph de Lemesi, Baron of Ulverlai, 
in Warwickshire, where he had his country seat. Ralph, his 
grandson, was his successor, whose son Allen was the father 
of Gerard de Lemesi, who married Alice de Harcourt. 



65 



Great Stamford. 

The manision of this manor passed from Svveyn to the 
crown. It after belonged to Eichard Fitz-William, under 
whom it was holden by the ancient family of Musters. Wil- 
liam, son of Richard Fitz-William, on his death in 1260, left 
his only daughter Margery his heiress, who' was married to 
"Richard de Toni of the family of that name of Stapleford Toni. 
The first Lord Vernon was George \^enable. 



[66] 

TAKEN FROM THE BALDWIN GENEALOGY. 
Descent of Dunbetdge Manor. 

Simon de Montacute, d. 1315 

I 
Wm. de Montacute, d. 1320 

I 
Wm. de Montacute, created Earl of Salisbury, m. dau. of Wm. Lord Grandison 

John, d. 1390, m. Margeret, heiress of Lord Mouther 

John, Earl of Salisbury, d. 1440 

I 
Thomas, Earl of Salisbury, d. 1428, m. Ealenor, sister and heir of Earl of Kent 

I 
Alice, m. Eichard Neville, created Earl of Salisbury. 

This Neville obtained Beauchamp Court, and 
took name of Warwick, Neville d. 1460. 

Richard, Earl of Warwick, d. 1471, called the "King Maker" 

I 
Isabel Neville, m. George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, brother to Edw. IV, 

1 d. 1478. 

t 
Margeret, Countess of Salisbury, beheaded 1541 

It then came to the cro-wni, and Henry VIII bestowed it to 
Sir lohn Baldwin and heirs and assigns. This lies in Wen- 
dover. 

Account also in Eng-lish history. 



[67 J 

DE FURNIVAL. DE SAY. EARLS OF CLARE. 

Maator of Newport. 

Empress Maude gave this manor to Geoffrey de Mandeville, 
and afterwards King John granted it to^ Gerard de Furnival. 

The do Sai/s descended from Eustace, Earl of Boulogne. 

Richard Fiiz-GiJbert was Earl Brion, in Normandy, and Lord 
of the honour of Clare in Suft'olk. He was grandson of Geof- 
frey, who was the natural son of Richard, Duke of Normandy. 

Fairsted 

Belonged to William Earl Ferrers, son of Robert. Ultig Hall 
was given to Robert, a younger son of Richard Fitz-Gilbert, 
progenitor of the ancient Earls of Clare, and from them 
sprung the noble family of Fitz-Walter. 



[ 68 



Nether Hall. 

Tlie manor house of Nether Hall o^ the conquest belonged 
to Richard Fiiz-Gilbert, and his under tenant was Williajn Pec- 
catum, or Feclie. In 1284 Sir Gilbert Peche gave this manor 
to Edward I and wife, Ealenor. In 1496 King Henry granted 
Nether Hall to John de Veer, Earl of Oxford. 

HOLBREGGE, OR HOLBRTDGE. 

Humphrey and Henry, sons of Earl Gilbert, also Robert of 
Gernon, from whom it descended to the family of de Veer, 
Earls of Oxford. Then to Hugli de Mortimer, of the house of 
Mortimer, Earl of March, and of Maude, his wife. 



69 ] 



Beundon 
Had been given to Ralph Lemesi, one of the Conqueror's 
great men. He had two Lordships, and eleven in other parts 
of the country. The capitol seat in Ulveric, in Warwickshire, 
from which place the baronial title was derived. Ralph, the 
grandsoTi, was founder of Herfordshire Priory. And by his 
wife, Hadevisa. a son, Allen, who was father of Gerard at the 
time of Henry H. His six children were Allinore, John, Allen, 
Gerard, Ama'belia and Basilia. John married Alice, daughter 
of Robert de Harcourt. One o^f the descendants married 
Thomas Manners, Earl of Rutland (Ealenor). Tliey are an- 
cestors of Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall. Alice, daughter 
of John Harcourt, and widow of John de Lemisi, married Wal- 
lo.ran de NevMrgh, fourth Earl of Warwick. 



[70] 



CHAPTER X. 

Following is the lineage of the ancestors, as taken from 
Bnrke's Peerage ; also, from The County families of Essex, 
Baldwin VI, brother of Queen Matilda, of England, had son, 
Baldwin de Gaunt. His daughter married the great Allen dc 
Percy. Their son William married the daughter of Richard 
Fitz-Gilbert de Clare ; had Lady Agnes Percy, who married 
the Duke of Nether Lorraine, and had Richard Fitz-Gilbert de 
Clare, who inherited his aunt's the Countess of Warwick's* 
estates. 

A de Bohun, Alice, a descendant of Henry, married Ralph 
de Toni of Fjamstead, 1264. 

Venable, Kinderton, Shirley: 

Peter Venables, Piaron of Kinderton, married Catherine 
Shirley. George Vernon married Dorothy Shirley, descended 
from the ancient Baronies of Ferers of Chartley, Boucheir and 
Louvain. Henry, Earl Ferers of the present time, is named 
Sewallus. 

Selina, Countess of Huntington', of the i8th century, was 
considered the greatest character of her time. She lived during 
the reign of four monarchs. She gave of her great wealth boun- 
tifully to religion, and her powerful influence was felt through 
all her life. She is descended frotn the ancient Earl Ferers. 
Her biography h,as been published. A Margaret Rolle, a great 
Devonshire heiress, w-ife of Lord Walpole, afterwards the Earl 
of Oxford, separated from him, and on his death married Se- 
wallis Shirley. Her son George, third Earl, was nephew to 
Sir Horace Walpole. She succeeded in her right tO' the Bar- 
onies of Clinton and de Say. On the death of Hugh, Lord 
Clinton, about 1300, Lady Matilda Maud de Beauchamp mar- 
ried Geoffrey de Say, Admiral of the King's Fleet, and their 
daughter, Idona de Say, married Sir John Clinton, third Baron 
Chnton of Maxtock. 



71 J 



LINEAGE OF DE BELLOMONT (BURKE). 

Aberccrn, Duke of Hamilton : 

Without attempting to trace the exact Une of descent of the 
illustrious house of Hamilton, from the great and powerful 
stock of the ancient de Bellomonts, Earls of Leicester, there 
seems to be no doubt they derive their descent therefrom, and 
of the Counts of Mellent. Lady Isabell de Vermandois mar- 
ried Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Mellent and first Earl of 
Leicester. And Lady Gundreda de Warren married Roger 
Bellomont de Newbergh, Earl Warwick. Lineage of Baron 
de Lisle and Dudley, by maternal descent from the de Beau- 
monts and Beauchamps, ancient Earls of Warwick, the E^rls 
of Leicester. They can claim legitimate descent from William 
the Conqueror. Princess Gundreda, the youngest daughter of 
that monarch, married William de Warren,, first Earl Warren 
and Surrey. And the granddaughter of that marriage, Gun- 
dred, married Roger de Beaumont, second Earl Warwick, the 
Baronet's direct ancestor. 

Lineage of the present Duke of Newcastle : 

Descended from the de Says, Clinton. Walter Fitz- Walter 
descended from William Longspere and Henry I of England 
and fair Rosamond. The Jephson, Norreys, through their de- 
scent, may claim descent and to partake of the most illustrious 
blood in England — Plantagenets, de Clare, Salisbury, Bello- 
mont, de Veer, Odingsells, Beaumont (Burke), (to show what 
that great authority has to say of that lineage), which is in the 
line of Baldwin. 

The Barony of Say and Sele I do not give now, as I give It 
later under the order of the Barons of Runvmede. 



[ '2 ] 



CLINTON LINEAGE. 

John de Cli'iton, first Lord Clinton, son and heir of Thomas 
de Clinton, of Amington and Maxtock, Co. Warwick, by 
Maude, daughter of Sir Ralph Bracebridge, of Kingsbury, 
Co. Warwick, and the descendants of Osbert, the nephew of 
Geoffrey de Clinton, Lord Chamberlain to Henry I. married 
Ida, eldest daughter of William de Odingsells, Lord of MaX' 
tock Castle, Co. Warwick, 

He had two sons, John and William, created Earl of Hunt- 
ingdon. 

Sir John de Clinton, second Baron de Clinton, married Mar- 
gery, daughter of Sir William Corbet of Chadlesly, Corbet, 
Co. Worcester, and had son Sir John de Clinton, third Baron. 

This noble inherited the estate of his uncle, Sir W^illiam, 
Earl of Huntingdoii, and was Constable of Warwick Castle 
in 1390. 

He married first Idonea de Say, eldest sister of William 
Lord Say, and daughter of Geofifrey, secomd Baron de Say, 
Admiral of the King's Fleet, and Lady Matilda Beauchamp. 
Lady Idonea was aunt and sole heir of Elizabeth, Baroness de 
Say. She v/a? also cousin and heir to William de Say and 
Baron Seele. 

Tlie present family of Warwick are Neville. 

First Greviile of Campden purchased the title of Milcote 
from Sir Walter Beauchamp, Knt. 



[ 73] 

The bear and staff belong to the Saxon Earls Warwick, de- 
rived from the chivalrous Guy. 

The arms were adopted by the de Newburgks, who are of 
the house of PI anta genet. 

Ro^er de Beaumont was ruler of Normandy, with Matilda, 
during the absence of William in England. 

Matilda had daughter Constance, married to Allen Fer- 
g-eant, Duke of Brittany. Agatha was affianced to the Saxon 
Harold, son of Earl Godwin. Adella married Stephen of Blois. 
Gundreda married William de Warren, Earl of Surrey, created 
by WiHiam Rufus, her brother. 

Gund}-eda had two sons — William de Warren, second Earl 
cf Surrey, and Rainold, who died childless. From the former 
sprang many noble families. His son Wiiliam, third Baron, 
had daughter Isabel, who married William of Blois, who was 
son of Stephen and Matilda, great-grandson of William the 
Conqueror. William Rufus died, and Henry I seized the 
throne while Robert Courthose was on a crusade in the Holy 
Land with Godfrey de Boulogne. Henry married Matilda or 
I\laude, daughter of Malcolm, King of Scotland, and his wifd 
Margaret, thus uniting the Norman and Anglo-Saxon families, 
al?o Scotland. Queen Matilda's name was Edith, but was 
called Matilda in compliment to King Henry's mother. She 
was styled good Queen Maude. Robert, Duke of Noirmandy, 
w-as her godfather. 

Earl Mellent was cousin to Robert, Duke of Normandy, 
and interceded with Henry to deal fairly with his brother. 
Earl Mellent was Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester. 



[74] 

DE BOHUN LINEAGE. 

I. Humphrey de Bohun, the first of this noble family settled in 
England, being a kinsman to the Conqueror. 

II. Humphrey (the Great), m. Maud, dau. of Edward de 
Saresbury. 

III. Humphrey, the steward to King Henry I, m. Margery, 
dau. of Milo, Earl of Hereford. 

IV. Humphrey, m. Margery, dau. of Henry of Huntington. 

DE TONI LINEAGE. 

Roger de Toni (the Elder), standard bearer of William (Conq.) 
Ralph de Toni. 
Ralph de Toni. 

Roger de Toni, m. dau. of Robert, Earl of Leicester. 
Roger de Toni, m. Constance, dau. of Richard, viz. Count de 
Bellomont. 

Ralph de Toni. 
Roger de Toni. 
Ralph de Toni, m. Alice de Bohun. 

ANCESTRY OF BEAUCHAMP. 
Walter Beauchamp, steward to King Henry I, m. Emeline, dau. 
of Urso d' Abitot. 

William de Beauchamp. 

William de Beauchamp. 

Walter de Beauchamp, Governor of Hanley Castle, Worcestershire. 

William de Beauchamp, m. Isabel de Mauduit. 

William de Beauchamp, Earl Warwick, m. Maud Fitz Jbhn. 

Guy de Beauchamp, m. Alice de Toni. 

PECHE ANCESTRY. 

Robert Peche, Bishop of Coventry. 

Geoffrey Peche, m. Petronel, dau. of Robert Walsh. 

Richard Peche, Justice of Assize in Warwickshire, 1229. 

Sir John Peche, Knight, d. 1339. 

Sir John Peche. 

Sir John Peche, Knight, Lord of Hampton in Ardly, d. 1377. 

Sir John Peche, Knight, b. 1352, d. 1386. 

Margaret Peche, m. William de Montfort. 

BOOTH LINEAGE. 

John Booth, of Barton, in Lancashire. 

Sir Robert Booth of Dunham, Knight, m. Dowse, dau. of Sir 
Wm. Venables of Bolin, Sheriff of Chester. 

Sir William Booth of Dunham, Knight, m. Maud, dau. of John 
Dutton, Esq., of Dutton. 

George Booth, Esq., of Dunham, m. Catherine de Montfort, 
d. 1483. 



[ 75 



HOLFORD LINEAGE. 

Roger de Toft, Lord of Toft. 

William Toft, m. Joan, dau, of Richard de Lostock. 

Henry Holford, brother and heir to Roger, who died 1330, and 
assumed name Holford ftom place of his residence, as was custo- 
mary, which surname his posterity has ever since retained. 

John Holford, of Holford, m. Joana, dau. of Roger le Bruyn, of 
Stapleford. 

William Holford, of Holford, m. Margaret, dau. of Sir Richard 
Venables of Kinderton, d. 1459. 

Thomas Holford, Esq , of Holford, m. Joan, dau. of Richard 
Leigh. 

Thomas Holford, Esq., of Holford, m. Maud, dau. of William 
Bulkeley, Deputy Judge of Chester. 

Sir George Holford, of Holford, Knight, m. Isabel, widow of 
Warren of Pointon in Cheshire, and dau. of Robert Leigh of 
Addlington, Sheriff. 

Sir John Holford, of Holford, Knight, m. Margery, dau. of Rufe 
Brereton of Iscoit, Flintshire. 

Thomas Holford, of Holford, m. Jane Booth. 



[ '(^ J 



Kenilwoeth. 

Kenilworth is scarce five miles away from Coventry. 

Most stirring scenes were enacted there, from midsummer 
to December, 1266. The castle o.f the De Monitforts, Coles - 
hill, was the scene of battle, engaged in between Henry III of 
England and Balduin de Monifort. An arrow shot over the 
wall of the castle, aimed at the King, would have been his 
death, had not a loyal follower thrown himself in front of th^ 
King, and himself perished. 

The honors of Roger of Beauniout, the head of that house; 
passed by female descent to Simon de Montfort, that great 
deliverer who made the title of Earl of Leicester the most 
glorious in the whole peerage of England (Freeman). He was 
ancestor of Baldwin de Montfort. 

The Earl of Maxiohes' castle was near by. A picture of it is 
in a book, "Life in an Old English Town." We hear of fight- 
ing between the yormg Earl of Stafford, the Lord of Maxtock 
and the citizens. 

The Earl of Leicester, better knowm as the Duke qf Buck- 
ingham, caused the imprisonment of Sir Baldwin de Montfort, 
because he made some difficulty about the surrerider of his 
manor of Coleshill into the Duke's keeping. 

That the great prosperity of Coventry and the glory passed 
away with the Tudor Kings is undoubted, just as the special 
history closes with the War of the Roses. 

One of their laws was that, No man of craft "shall bear bills, 
or gysarnes, or straight staves," upon pain of forfeiture of said 
weapons. Those driving cattle to market could, however, 
carry a small staff in their hands. 

The gentry flocked to the far-famed Corpus Christi shoavs, 
or to be near the court, for Henry VI and his Queen tarried 
frequently at Coventry. In 14.40 Sir Humphrey Stafford and 
his son Richard were attacked at nightfall, in the broad gate, 
as they were coming from Lady Shrewsbury's, by Sir Robert 
Harcourt and his men. Richard was slain, while two of the 
Harcotirt faction were also killed in the fray. 

This was written to Viscmint Beaumont, as the men say, in 
a Paternoster. 

Many notable folk have at one time or another been con- 
nected with the citv. 

Sir William Dugdale, Garter King-at-Arms, under Charles 
f L author of the Monasticon and the antiquities of Warwick- 
shire, received his education here at the free grammar school. 



[77 J 

Old St. Mary's Hall is lull of deep interest. Sitting- in the 
minstrel gallery, behind the array oi Cromwellian amior, can 
be viewed a magnificent 15th century window, above the arms 
oif the city, "The Elephant aiid Castle," wheat sheaves of 
Chester, and the sable eagle O'f Earl Leoffric and Lady Godiva. 
As the black eagle is almost unknown as an insignia in Eng- 
land,, it belonging more properly to Germany, it would seem 
that it was derived from so'me heir of that country. Chester, 
being near b^^ and the le Bruins, bearing that emblem, were 
possibly connected. 

The great Barons formed a league, and compelled Kinj 
John to yield to their demands, and on the 15th of June, 12 14, 
signed at Runymede the ever memorable Magna Charta. 

The Barons of Runymede is an Oider, existing in America. 
Among its number is Bruen, also Orville Dwight Baldwin, as 
descendants. 

Louis VII affected to lay claim to England, throiugh his 
Queen Blanche, who was granddaughter of Henry II. John 
fled, and Loivis w^as proclaimed King, when, fortunately, John 
died, and his child, ten years of age, was declared King. The 
Barons would not desert, under such circumstances, the Plan-* 
tagent, the legitim.ate heir. 

King Philip Augustus was the only son of Louis VII, and 
married Isabella, daughter of Baldwin, Coimt of Hainault, and 
niece of Philip, Earl of Flanders. This princess was directly de- 
scended in the female line from the unfortunate Charles ol Lor- 
raine, last heir of the Carlovingianis. A bitter enmity existed 
between Philip and Henry II of England. And their armies 
met at a spot near Gisors. They had scarcely discussed the 
point in dispute, when the venerable Bishop Tyre appeared, 
and made an eloquent appeal for them to give up all thoughts 
(•>f w^ar and engage in defending Christians in the Holy Land. 

Such an appeal was never made in vain. Henry instantly 
proffered his services, and assumed the crolss. And Philip 
Augustus followed his example, with a crowd of gallant war- 
riors, Richard Coeur dc Lion, Philip df Flanders. Duke of 
Burgundy, and the Counts of Champagne, Chartres and Na- 
varre. 



[ 78] 



The Barons of Runnymede, or Rune Mead. 

The memorable meeting of the Barons was preceeded by a more solemn one 
at the altar of St. Edmundsbury. 

They marched to London and met by appointment King John, at long low 
plains near Runnymede, bounded on one side by the Thames, on the other by 
a gentle line of hills. 

The island in the river. The famous spot speaks only of peace and long 
tranquility. In the council meadow, for Run Med means the mead of council. 
The Ankerwyke Yew to be seen on the opposite shore, which was a vigorous 
tree when the Army of God and Holy Church stood upon Runnymede, and 
which still bears its green leaf after six hundred and fifty winters. 




The Barons of England swearing before Cardinal Stephen Lang- 
ton, November 2, 1214, that they will support and 
procure from King John the confirmation of the 
Charter of Liberties, known as the 
Magna Charta. 



[79] 

Henry died, and Richard Coeur de Lion was King, and 
John took the throne while Richard was in the Holy Land. 
King Philip became estranged from Richard, owing to the 
greater power of this mighty monarch, and so^, on his return 
to France, leagued with John to win back their great baronies 
of Aquitaine and Burgundy. John had killed his nephew 
Arthur (so it w^as supposed), and the nation was enraged, and 
he was cited to appear before the crown of France. Queen 
Eleanor had strenuously aided her favorite son, John, but could 
not survive the fallen fortunes of the house of Plantagenet. 
She was the divorced wife of King Louis VII, and married 
Henry II of England. 

Arthur, and the nation was enraged, and he was cited tO' ap- 
pear before the crown oif France. Queen Eleanor had stren- 
uously aided her favorite son, John, but could not survive tha 
fallen fortunes of the house of Plantagenet. She was the 
divorced wife of King Louis VH, and married Henry H oi 
England. 

King David I of Scotland married Matilda, daughter oi 
WaJtheof. Earl of Northumberland, and Judith, niece of Wil- 
liam the Conqueror. Their son.. Prince Henry, married Lady 
Ada de Warren, daughter of William, second Earl of Warren 
and Surrey, and his wife. Lady Isabel die Vermandois. She 
was the great-granddaughter of William and Matilda. 



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[81] 

ANCESTRY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS. 
Richard Fitz-Gilbert of Richard de Clare. 

Richard Fitz-Gilbert was the founder of the house of Clare 
in England. He accompanied William the Conqueror there, 
and participated in the spoils of conquest, and obtained exten- 
sive possessions in the new and old da(minions of his royal 
leader and kinsman. 

He was the eldest son of Gislebert, surnamed Crispin, Count 
of Eu, Earl of Brion in Normandy, in right of his wife, whp 
vras the sister and heir of the Earl oi Brion, and by her inheri- 
tance from his father, Geoffrey (or Godfrey), Earl Eu and 
Brion, a natural son of Richard I (sans peur), third Duke oi 
Normandy, died 986. Ancestor O'f William the Conqueror. 

In the sixth year of William I, Richard Fitz-Gilbert was 
joined, under the designation oi Ricardus de Benefacta, with 
William de Warren, Earl of Surrey, in^ the great office oi Ju- 
diciary of England. At the time of the general survey in Eng- 
land he w^as designated as Ricardus de Toiiebridge (now Tun- 
bridge), in Kent. It is recorded he w^as possessed of thirty- 
eight lordships in Surrey, thirty-five in Essex, three in Cam- 
bridgeshire, ninety-five in Suffolk, and some in Wilts and 
Devon. One of these lordships was O'f Clare, on the border of 
and in Suffolk, which, subsequently becoming his chief seat, 
he came to be styled Richard de Clare, and his descendants to 
be known as the Earls of Clare, although never so created. 
He fell in a skirmish with the Welsh. Of the issue by wife 
Rohaise was a daughter married to Baldwin Teutonicus. 
TEook on chart on first page.) Rohaise was a daughter 'oi 
Walter Gifford, first Earl of Buckingham, son of Osborn de 
Bolebec and his wife. Aveline, sister oi Gunorra, wife of 
Richard I, third Duke of Nonnandy. Baldwin Teutonicus 
had Nicholas de Baschville, Lord of Castle Martel in Ger- 
many. He married a daughter of Herfastus the Dane, and a 
niece of the Duchess Gunorra in Normandy, and had William 
de Martel, Eari of Guarrem, or Warren, who married a 
daughter of Rafe de torta, a noble Dane, protector of Nor- 
mandy during the nonage of Duke Richard I, and bad issue 
Roger de Mortimer, brother of William de Warren, first Earl 
of Surrev, both companions of William the Conqueror, and 
had issue Ralph de Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore Castle, mar- 
ried Lady Millicent and had issue Hugh de Mortimer, second 
Baron, Lord of Wigmore Castle, d. 1185. married Lady 



[82 J 

Maude, and had issue Roger de Alortimer, third Baron of 
Wigmore Castle, d. 1215, and had issue by Lady MilHcent, 
dauofhter of Robert Ferrers, fourth Earl of Derby, and his 
wife, Sybilla, daughter of William de Braos-e of Brecknock^ 
and had issue Lady Joan de Mortimer, and had issue by hus- 
band, Walter de Beauchamp, son of Walter, fourth Baron 
Beauchamp, William de Beauchamp. fifth Baron of Elmly, by 
wife. Lady Isabel, daughter ol William, sixth Baron Mauduit, 
and fourth Baroti Henalape, heritable chamberlain to the ex- 
chequet, had William de Beauchamp, sixth Barou Beau- 
champ, created Earl of Warwick, and by wife, Maude, daug-h- 
ter of Sir John Fitz-Tohn, Guy de Beauchamp, second Earl ol 
Warwick, 1275-1315, by wife. Lady Alice, daughter of Sir 
Ralph de Toni and widow of Sir Thomas L&yburn, had Lady 
Matilda de Beauchamj), married Geoffrey de Say, Admiral of 
the King's fleet, and descended from Geofifrey de Say, a 
Magna Charta Baron. 



[83 J 



Roger Biciod (a Magna Charta Baron). 

Earl of Norfolk, Lord High Steward of England, d. 1220, 
m., first, before 1195, Lady Isabel de Warren, daughter of 
Hamelin Plantagenet, fifth Earl O'f Warren and Surrey (jure 
uxoris), who bore O'ne of the three swords at the second co(ro-» 
nation of Richard 1 of England and was with that King in the 
army at Normandy, and d. 1202, and his wife, Isabella, 
Countess of Surrey, widow of William de Blois, and only 
daughter and richest heiress in England of William, third Earl 
Warren and Surrey, who zealously espoused the cause of King 
Stephen and had a chief command in his army. He was a 
son of William, second Earl Warren and vSurrey, and his wife, 
Lady Isabel de Vermandois, daughter of Hugh Magnus. Her 
descent is from Charlemagne, See chart. Roger Bigod had 
by his first wife, Lady Isabel, Hugh Bigod, one of the Charta 
Barons, second Earl of Norfolk, d. 1225. He (Hugh) marrievl 
Lady Maud Marshall. Hugh Bigod and Lady Maud had Sir 
Ralph Bigod, who had Lady Isabel, she was widow of Gilbert 
de I^acie, Lord of Meath, Ireland, and married, secondly, John 
Fitz-Piers Kitz-Geof^rey, Lord of Berkhamstead and Kirkling, 
Chief Justice of Ireland (time of Henry III), and their son, 
Geofifrey Fitz-Piers, Baron de Mandeville, created in 1199, 
Earl of Essex, Justiciary of England, and his second wife, 
Lady Aveline. Lady Isabel had John Fitz-John, Chief Jus- 
tice of Ireland, 1258, leaving issue by wife whosie name has nol 
been preserved. Lady Maud Fitz-John, widow of Gerard de 
Furnival d. 1280. who married, secondlv, William, sixth Baroii 



[84] 

de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle, Earl of Warwick, in right oi 
his mother. Lady Isabel, daughter of William, fourth Baron 
Mauduit, of Henslape^ County Bucks, heritable chamberlain 
to the exchequer, d. 1256, and sister and heiress of William 
Mauduit, seventh Earl of Warwick. 

William de Be?uchamp was a distinguished captain in the 
Welsh and Scottish wars of Edward I, and d. 1298. 

The mother of Lady Isabel de Mauduit was Lady Alice, 
daughter of Walleran de Newbergh. fourth Earl of Warwick, 
d. 1205, by his second wife, Alice de Harcourt. The son of 
Roger Bellomoint de Newbergh, second Earl Warwick, who 
d. 1 153, and wife, Lady Gundreda de Warren, was Wallerauv 
Lady Gundreda was daughter of William de Warren, second 
Earl Warren and vSurrey, and wife, Lady Isabel de Verman- 
dois, widow of Robert de Beaumont, Earl Mellent, and a de-* 
scendant of Hugh Capet, King of France. 

To return to William de Beauchamp and Lady Maud, who 
had Guy the ancestor, also had daughter, Lady Sarah de 
Beauchamp. Guy Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, married 
Lady Alice, daughter of Ralph de Toni, of Flamstead, Herts. 
She was widow- of ThoTnas de Leyburn, and had Lady Matilda 
de Beauchamp, who married Geoffrey de Say, Admiral of the 
King's fleet. 

This lineage shows how many of the ancestors are connected 
by marriage, and their descent from a Magna Charta Baron. 

Geoffrey de Say (Magna Charta Baron). 

Geoffrey de Say, d. 1230, had by wife, Lady Alice (daughter 
and coheiress of John do Cheney), William de Say, Governor 
of the Castle at Rochester, time of King Henry. William d. 
1272 and was succeeded by his son, William de Say, who had 
w'ith others in the twenty-second year of the reign of Edwarri 
II summons to advise with the King upon affairs of the realm, 
and subsequently did military duty in Gascony. He d. 1295 and 
was succeeded by his son, Geoffrey de Say, then only fourteen 
years old, whose wardship was given to William, first Baron 
de I^eyburn, in order that he might marry Idonea. daughter 
of said William. In the seventh year of Edward III he had 
summons to Parliament as a Baron. He died 1322. having 
issue bv Lady Idonea, who became a rich heiress, inheriting 
her uncle's and her father's, brothers' and nieces' vast estates. 
Geoffrey de Say, second Baron, being of age, nineteenth year 
of Edward II, he had livery of his lands and was summoned 
to Parliament (Edward.) He was constituted Admiral of the 



[85] 

King's fleet, :ind was constantly in service with the wars of 
France and Flanders, d. 15 13. He married Maud, daughter 
-of Guy de Beauchamp, second Earl of Warwick, and his wife, 
Lady Alice de Toni. Geoffrey de Say and the Lady Maud 
had Lacy Idonea de vSay, who married Sir John, third Lord 
Clinton of Maxtock, Governor of Warwick Castle. This 
Lord Clinton is descended from a Magna Charta Baron, being 
Robert Fitz- Walter. 

RoHEUT Fttz- Waiter (Magna Charta Baron). 

RoberL was called the Marshal of the Army of God, who 
headed the confederate Barons. William Long Sword (so 
named as he wore a sword the same length as the King, natural 
son of Henry I and Fair Rosomond), married Ela, Countes^ 
of Salisbury, had issue by the Countess Ela, Ida, fourth daugh- 
ter, which Ida married R obert Fitz- Walter and had issue,, 
Robert Fitz- Walter Fitz-Robert. The last named had daugh- 
ter, Ela, who married Sir William de Odingsells and had 
daughter, Ida, who married John de; Clintdn of Amington, 
summoned to Parliament (1299) as Baron Clinton. The pres- 
ent title is Duke of Newcastle. Sir John de Clinton had two 
sons, one was created Earl of Huntington, the other Lord 
Clinton, second Lord Clinton. His son, John, third Lord 
Clinton, married Idonea de Say, eldest daughter of Geoffrey 
de Say, Lord Say and Sele, and granddaughter maternally of 
Guy de Beauchanip, Earl of Warwick, and coheir of her 
brother, William de Say. Lord Clinton had three sons by 
Idonea, also daughter, Lady Margaret, married to Baldwin 
de Montfort, Knight, and had Sir William de Montfort, who 
married Margaret Peche, granddaughter of Sir John Peche 
and daughter of Sir John Peche, d. 1386, had issue Sir Bald- 
win de Montfort, Knight, b. 1445, d. 1475. He married Joana 
Vernon and had Robert de Montfort of Bescote, Staffordshire, 
and Monkspath, Warwickshire, who had Catherine Montfort. 
bis heiress, who married Sir George Booth, eldest son of Sir 
William Booth of Dunham Massie, County Chester, Higll 
Sheriflf of Chester for life, and wife, Maud, daughter of John 
Dutton of Dutton, Chesshire, and had Sir William Booth, 
eldest son, d. November o, 1520, who- had by his second wife, 
Ellen, daughter of Sir John Montgomery of Trenly, Stafiford- 
shire, Jane Booth. She became widow of Hugh, who was 
son of Sir Pier de Dutton, married, secondly. Thomas Hol- 
ford, County Chester and had Dorothy Holford, who was 
second wife of Sir John Bruen of Bruen Stapleford, County 



[86] 

Chester, b. 1510, d. May 14, 1580, and had John Bruen, eldest 
son, baptized 1560, died January 18, 1626, buried at Tarvin, 
being of the Bruens of Tarvin. He had by third wife a daug-h- 
tcr, Alarie, who with her half brother, Obadiah, came to 
America and married John Baldwin, Sr., of Milford, Ccwm. 
Marie had daughter by John Baldwin, Abagail, who' married 
Samuel Baldwin, son of Nathaniel Baldwin of Milford, Conn. 
They had son, Captain Nathaniel Baldwin, under whose name 
his djescendanl, Blanche Evelyn Baldwin, who married John 
McGaw of England, has become a Colonial Dame of America, 
the order founded in Washington. Captain Nathaniel's sfran-d- 
s'm, Samuel, is the ancestor of whom Blanche Evelyn Baldwin 
(McGaw) was admitted to the Daughters of the Revolution. 



[ 87 



From Guizot History of England. 

During the Cromwellian period the royalists wished to place 
the Stuarts again upon the throne, and great supervision was 
exercised; many great nobles hesitated, the King at Calais not 
daring to venture in England. In some place alone in Cheshire 
a plain country gentleman, more bold than other compatriots, 
William Booth, raised the royal standard and organized the 
struggle against the republic. Among them was the Earl ol 
Derby, who, with Sir William Booth, was placed in the Tower, 
Vv'hich was filled with royalists. 

England. 

The ancient Norman keep, built by the de Veers and de 
Clares, is still standing, situated at Headingham, near the 
head-waters of the Colne. The great keep of Headingham is 
the finest relic of Norman and civil architecture in England. 
It is in the valley of the Stour, near Essex and Suffolk. 



[88] 



John Beuetst. 

The life of John Bruen has been pubHshed three times. He 
was a great philanthropist, and his home, Stapleford Hall, was 
the refuge of many noble families suffering from religious per- 
secutions. His generosity was colossal ; he supplied the poor 
of three oarishes with wool from his mills. His home was a 
seat of education in religious matter. He was Calvinistic in 
principle. In his religious zeal he demolished the arms and 
stained-glass windows of his ancestors. He was the eldest oi 
thirteen children, and he divided the estate among them. Th<j 
Right Reverend Father in God, Primate of all Ireland, says of 
him : In him was the very beauty of holiness and of so cheer- 
ful a countenance that when I beheld him I was reminded of 
Moses, whose verv face shone as honoring some more than 
ordinary eminency of grace of heart. 

I have his biography in my possession, also one of Matthias 
Bruen, who is son of Obadiah, in America. 

The estate of the Bruens, which for more than five hundred 
years was the family seat, is a few miles east of Chester. Fol- 
lowing is their descent : 

Robert le Bruen^, the first of the family, appears in a grant 
of lands, bearing date of 1230, and had issue, ^Thomas le 
Breun, grantee of lands from John, son of Hughj son of Hanno 
de Brune. 



[89 J 

1. Thomas,^ who m, Alice, dau. of Thomas Greeiivvay of Bid- 

diilph. County Stafford. Had issue 

2. Eva,' m. PliilUp de Stratton. 

3. Robert,^ heir of Bruen Stapleford. The last had issue: 

Emma/ sole daughter and heiresS;, m. Roger le Bruen, 
and had childrem, 

1. Joan,"* m. John Holford, and 

2. Robert/ son and heir, d. before 27 Edward III (1354) had 

issue. 

1. Robert/ who commanded a company of archers in France, 

30 Edward III (1357). 

2. Roger, son and heir, by deed, Edward II (1309), d. 35 

Edward III (1362), m. Catherine, dau. of John de Leigh, 
had issue. 

1. Geoffrey,® ancestor of the Bruens of Tarvin, and 

2. Nicholas,^ m. Ellena, dau. of Roger de Praers, and sister 

and sole heiress of Henry de Praers of Duddon, and had 
I. Ro'ger,'^ married by contract in 1383 to Catherine, dau. oi 
Sir John NoTris. By inquisition, 4 Henry VI (1426.) 
After the death of Roger, it appears he held in demesne, 
as of fee, the manor oi Bruen Stapleford, from the Bishop 
of Coventry and Litchfield, by military service, value per 
annum eight marks, with lands in Clotten, Wymbalds, 
Trafford, Oscroft Farm, Childes, Christleton, Guilden, 
Sutton, Barton, Huxley, Hargreave and Chester. He 
had issue. 
John,^ second son,^ Robert,^ third son, living 4 Henrv VII 
(1489). 
I. James,^ eldest, m. the dau., who is heiress of John Ded- 
woods of Chester, and had issue. 

1. John,^° eldest, but died without issue before 24, Henry VIIT 

(1533), and was succeeded by his brother, 

2. James,^° who m. Anne, dau. oi Geofifrey Starkie and Sybilla. 

his wife, had eleven children, the eldest was 
I. John.^^ He m. a dau. of Ottey, of Ottey, County Salop. 

He had issue : 
I. John,'^2 eldest son, m., first, sister of Sir John Done, who d. 

without issue, and he m., second, Dorothy Holford, dau. 

of Thomas Holford, of Holford. John d. 1587, had son, 
I. John,^^ baptized 1560, the eldest ol thirteen children, the 

father-in-law of John Baldwin, Sr., of Milford, Conn., 

Am.erica. 



[ 90 ] 



DUNDRTDGE AMD ItS ViClNlTY. 

Aston Clinton, about four miles from Aylesbury, a country 
town. The chapel of St. Leonard's is on the site of an old 
cell belonging to Missenden Abbey. It is held in the tenure 
of Sylvester Baldwin in 1636. He is a cousin of Nathaniel 
Baldwin, who emigrated tO' America. The descendants of 
Sylvester inherited the same lands, and came to America at 
the same time as the other Baldwins. Following is the de- 
scent of Dundridge : 

Simon de Montacute, d. 1316 William de Montacute and Elizabeth, of 

I Aston Clinton Manor, acr'prati Wen- 

Wm. de Montacute = Eliz. dover, uniim messeuge Dundridge in 

d pos. of Dundridge Aston, 100 acr. terr. and gravi itm. 

I 
W m. de Montacute (cr. Earl of 

Salisbury) d. 1343 =D. Wm. Lord Grandison 

John (second son) =Margaret, dau. of and heiress of Thomas 

I Lord Monthermer 

John, Earl of Salisbury, sue. uncle 

as Earl, d. 1400 =Maud, d. 1423 

Thomas, Earl of Salisbury, d. 1428= Eleanor, sister and heir of Earl of Kent 

Alice = Richard Neville, ere. Earl of Salisbury, 

I d. 1460 

Richard, Earl of Warwick, (King 

maker) d. 1471. =Sir John Dudley, sue. to the Earldom 

I 

Isabel Neville =George Plantaganet, (Duke of Clarence) 

I bro. of Edwin IV, d. 1478 

Margaret, Countess of Salisbury, She was guardian of Queen Mary, dau. 

beheaded 1541 of Henry VIII, King of England 

Dundridge then reverted! to the crown, and was given td 
Sir John Baldwin, the uncle oif the American Baldwins. 
There are no Baldwins living there, where they were plenty, 
but the Baldwin woods are to be seen, and in the chapel close 
by the graves and in the church the coats of arms. 

The various arms are to be found in Burke's Peerage, and, 
by the way, Burke is descended from a common ancestor. 
(See in my history Hugo de Burg.) 

The anns borne by Sir John Baldwin and the Irish Bald- 
wins, who were from this vicinity, had the following arms : 



[91] 

A squirrel sejeant (meaning a squirrel sitting on a gold bar.) 
It is represented holding a sprig of hazel, and the squirrel is 
painted in natural color. The above is the crest which is 
placed above the arms or shield. The latter contains three 
pairs of oiak leaves, t\m m upper half and] one pair in lower 
part. The leaves are in natural color. The shield is of argent 
(silver.) 

As you know, arms are hereditary in England ; those using 
the arms in America do' so because they wish to show their 
descent, both collateral and lineal. Our line, though de- 
scending from so many of the royal line, have much to choose 
from should they so desire. Upon very careful investigation 
I have found no Baldwin in this city, not of our immediate 
family, descended from the Bruens, which gives us the royal 
descent. 



[92] 




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[93 J 

Guildford, the home of the early American Baldwins, is six- 
teen miles east of New Haven. Durham is on the north, 
eleven miles long. 

The first planters, whether gentlemen or yeomen, were 
mostly husbandmen. The government consisted of a pure 
aristocracy. They had one magistrate, vested with the whole 
power, but the planters were aJlowed annually to choose three 
or four deputies to sit with him. The freemen were all 
churchmen who partook of the sacrament. Town officers 
were annually chosen, as marshals, secretary and surveyors. 
Military order prevailed, and a watch was kept night and day. 
Many of the houses set deep behind palisades. All the laws 
were entered on the town records. Neither minister or people 
were ever dissenters from the Church of England. As yoit 
know that the Church of England stands as the official one at 
Washington, their laws and custom was simply a local remove 
from the realm. All the rights, power and privileges remain 
to this day. An old stone house or fort still stands in fine con- 
dition, built by the minister, Whitfield, at Guildford, Conni 
It is the oldest house standing in the United States. Captain 
Samuel Baldwin was a deacon in three towns, Guildford, 
Litchfield and Goshen. He was one of the proprietors' com- 
mittee for laying out the town. At the first town meeting he 
was one of the selectmen, at the next, moderator. He was 
chosen treasurer at the first proprietors' meeting. He was 
also representative until his death. He is said to have been 
-unassuming in manners, a meek and devoted Christian. His 
lands were on the north side of Goshen; his frame house was 
on the west side of East street, a few rods southwest ol the 
present brick house, near the road leading from East street 
to Hart Hollow. He served in the war under King Charles 
II. He was 67 years old at his death. 



[94] 




Site of home of Samuel Baldwin, and original stone wall, time of 
Revolution. 
(See Appendix A.) 



[95] 



Home Site and Graves. 

I have in my possession some photographs of the old home- 
steads at Jewet Heights in New York, the home wherein 
many of the early Baldwins were born. Harvey and his 
brother. Ambrose, and Ira. It was the home of Samuel 
Baldwin. The old family Bible is still in existence, owned by 
a descendant of Ambrose. Frank Baldwin, M. D., of Brook- 
lyn!, New York, has given me most valuable assistance in 
gathering facts of family history, as he is grandson of Am- 
brose, who is a brother of Harvey, making these Baldwins in 
California second cousins to Dr. Frank Baldwin. Have also 
a piece of timber taken from the old house; also pictures of the 
tombstones, -v^ath the ancestors' inscriptions. 

(See Appendix A.) 




The large gravestone of Samuel Baldwin and his wife, Lucina. 



[ 9(5 



CHAPTER XI. 

T must now close these pages of information, and hope that 
some other member of tlie family will continue the work, as 
there are the ancestors of the women who married Baldwins 
who certainly have an interesting ancestry, the Caulkins, 
Parmlee, Stanley, etc. 

All are entitled to join the following orders existing in 
America: The Barons oi RnnA^mede, the Order of the 
Crown, Colonial Dames and Daughters of the Revolution. 

I can not close this genealogical history of the Baldwins 
wilhout adding a few thoughts of mine, and a kind message 
to those who care to peruse its pages, and to humbly ask fou 
grace if it is found incomprehensible, through want of skill or/ 
my part, to set all straight and plainly before my descendants' 
and those other Baldwins of this present line. I confess it has 
been a consuming work, faithfully carried on for some years* 
but now the work being completed, so far as in my power 
lay, I am thankful. Still, it has been a labor of love, giving 
forth rare historical events I fear would have remained to me 
in darkness, and also giving pleasure by the intense interest it 
afforded. So \vith kindly greetings to my own, my dear ones 
and love, 

MILLIE EVA BALDWIN (BEAUMONT). 

1000 Green street, San Francisco, California. 



[97 ] 

APPENDIX A. 

Following are a few letters written to me by some of the members 
of the Baldwin family, answering queries of family history. 

The first one is from a daughter of Ambrose Baldwin and is 
interesting, because it gives the information that she remembers her 
grandfather, Samuel Baldwin, the revolutionary hero, and also had a 
brother that served in the great Civil War. It covers a great stretch 
of years. 

Warren Luce Baldwin also served and was killed in the rebellion. 
He was son of Orrin Calkins Baldwin and Jane W. Luce, and it was 
his great grandfather, Samuel Baldwin, the revolutionary hero. 
And Orrin Calkins Baldwin and Catherine Mary Gorham (Baldwin) 
were first cousins, as their fathers Harvey and Ambrose were 
brothers, sons of Samuel Baldwin. 

An incident related to show the character of Warren and the 
estimation he was held in by the officers : 

" A resident walking with the officer of the 32nd, one bleak day, 
inquired the name of the sentry pacing his round in the wintry blast. 

"That is young Baldwin of Amsterdam, one of the most reliable 
soldiers and always at his post." 

He was shot while in active duty at the battle of Gainshill. 

New Havex, Conn., May 21, 1900. 
My Dear Relative : 

Yours of the 7th instant was duly received at New Haven P. 0. the 13th. 
As it was addressed in my given name instead of my husbands, and without 
the number of the street, it took the postman a few days to find the right 
Gorham, so please pardon delay in replying. 

I am 6G years old, and the last one of my father's family living, and was 
next to the youngest. The youngest, named Ambrose, was killed in the 
Civil War. 

I remember, when a child, spending the day with my parents at Uncle 
Harvey Baldwins, in Durham, N. Y. Think he was a doctor. Think there 
were two daughters home ; thought there were sons, but could not recall 
names. 

The name Orrin in your letter sounds familiar. My earliest recollection 
is of attending Grandmother Baldwin's funeral, and seeing grandfather sit 
before the fireplace in his armchair. Think she must have died suddenly, as 
Cousin Luciua gave me a cake grandmother made. Thiuk he did not long 
survive her, and died of apoplexy. 



[98] 

The bible coataiaing the family record my father had and at his death 
gave to his eldest son Samuel, at his death five years ago, he gave to his 
eldest son West C. Baldwin, of Windham, N. Y, I have one nephew. 
Dr. Frank Baldwin, of Brooklyn, N. Y. , who has stu lied genealogy, and if 
you write to him he can tell you more than I can, and will be delighted to 
answer your questions. Through some misunderstanding grandfather's dining 
table passed out of the family ; father said it was large enough for them all ; 
quite sure it was not pieced ; presume not over four ft. in diameter. The chil- 
drens names, as I now remember, were Harvey, Harlem and Hilom (twins). 
Wait, Ambrose an I Ira. Think there were two daughters, Lydia and Eliza 
(am I right?) As I am unable to give you the information you ask I have 
named other descendants. Would be pleased to have a reply. 

Lovingly your cousin, 

Kate. 

Catherine Mary Gorham was cousin to Orrin C Baldwin, as her 
father and Harvey were brothers. She married Eneas Gorham. 

Her brether, Ambrose Noble Baldwin, fought in ten battles of the 
Civil War, and was killed at the battle of Gettysburg, he was 
captain. 

[Extract from letter of Frank Baldwin, M. D. :] 

" My great grandfather, Samuel Baldwin, was born in Goshen, Conn., 
May 25, 1755, and died in Lexington (now Jewell), N. Y., June 16, 18.38, of 
apoplexy. He served six months in the Army of the Revolutionary War, but 
did not leave his native State. He was a corporal. In his old age he ixsed 
to relate, with much pride, that he had more than once stood guard, at night, 
in front of Washington's tent. 

"About the year 1800 he moved to Lexington, N. Y., with several others 
from the same town, who took up farms near what was known as the Heights. 
The road on which they located is still known as Goschey Street, and though 
the gambrel-roofed house in which Samuel Baldwin lived has long since 
disappeared, still the exact spot where it stood is not hard to find. He was a 
christian man and was loved and respected by all who knew him. His wife, 
Lucina Hill was a worthy wife, and their devotion to each other was a marked 
feature of their lives. His father, also Samuel Baldwin, was born at Guild- 
ford, Conn., March 18, 1725, but lived the greater part of his life at Goschen, 
where his house still stands. He married Joana Westcoat. His father, 
Nathaniel Baldwin, was known as Deacon Baldwin, and always held office. 
He was Captain Nathaniel and married Elizabeth Parmelee ; and his father, 
Samuel, married Abigail Baldwin, a distant relative. He was very prosperous 
and considered wealthy for these days. His daughter was a beautiful girl, 
and she numbers many great men among her descendants. She was a great 
singer. His father, Nathaniel, was born in England in Bucks County." 



[99 J 



APPENDIX B. 



The present generation will pardon the liberty, as well as the 
pleasure, I take in giving a very brief outline of Orville Dwight 
Baldwin's career. 

When a young boy, seeking health, he emigrated to California — 
the glorious land of sunshine — and engaged in various pursuits. 
It is needless to say he encountered the trying vicissitudes of a 
stranger ; but a year or so placed him in an independent position ; as 
he was of a strong, ambitious nature, success always crowned his 
business ventures. His beloved parents died whilst he was still 
in his teens, leaving a large family. As he was a dutiful son so 
also was he a loving and devoted brother. He went back to the old 
home and brought the family to California, where they have since 
remained, all having fulfilled the promise of a careful and religious 
home training, and having married worthy men. 

Orville Dwight Baldwin has two children of whom he can be 
justly proud. His daughter Blanche is possessed of great musical 
genius, being considered the finest non-professional player in the 
city. Orville Raymond, the son, is a large stock rancher, above 
Cloverdale, (Surrey Hills), and of a most estimable character. 



APPENDIX C. 

One line tracing from the Conqueror and his Queen Matilda : 
William (the Conqueror), m. Princess Matilda had 

Adella, m. Stephen, Count of Blois had 

William de Blois, m. Agnes de SuUi had 

Margeret de SuUi, m. Henry de Eu had 

John de Eu, m. Alice d' Albini, dau. of William, ist Earl 

of Arundel had 

Henry Eu, Count Eu, m. Matilda, dau. of William, Earl 

Marshal had 



[ 100 J 

Alice, Countess of Eu, m. Ralph de Eyodun, son of 

Hugh de Lusignon had 

Maud, m. Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford had 

Alice de Bohun, m. Ralph de Toni (Standard Bearer) had 

Alice de Toni, m. Guy Beaucharap, Earl Warwick had 

Maud Beauchamp, m. Geoffrey de Saye had 

Idonea de Saye, m. Sir John Clinton had 

Margaret Clinton, m. Sir Baldwin Montfort had 

Sir William de Montfort, m. Margaret Peche had 

Robert Montfort had 

Catherine de Montfort, m. George Booth had 

Sir William Booth, m. Ellen Montgomery had 

Jane Booth, m. Thomas Holford had 

Dorothy Holford, m. John Bruen had 

John Bruen, m. Margeret had 

Marie Bruen, m. John Baldwin, Sen., of Milford, Conn. had 



APPENDIX D. 
(Name— BALDWIN.) 
Baldwin in early form was Baudoin, Baudowin (or, rather, 
Baudouvin, there being no W in French), Baudwin. 

Originally it was a designative term in early Norman-French 
times, and never the name of a lordship, manor, or place, 
The root was : 

Bmid, a stag-hound. (This is also the root of baudir, (Fr.), 
baldire, (Lat.), baldo, (Ital.), to encourage in the chase, or in hunt- 
ing-) 
Ouvreur, a keeper, 1 

or >• Corrupted into Ouvin, Ovin. 

Ouvrier, a chief. ) 

Thus the definition of Baldwin being the chief, or keeper, or the 
chief-keeper of the royal stag-hounds. 



[101 I 

One of the best known royal Baudouvins was called " bras de fer." 
In A. D., 862, he then being the hereditary chief-forester of Harle- 
beck, in Flanders, was created the sovereign Count of Flanders, 
and, subsequently, Count of Artois, by his father-in-law, Charles le 
Hardi, King of the Franks, to whose daughter, Judith, he was the 
third husband, when he became known as Baudovier, or Baudouvin 
/, first Count of Flanders of his line, and d. in 879. From him 
was descended Baldwin, Count of Hainault, in the 13th century. 

Baudouvin, {Baudwin, or Baldwin /.), Count of Flanders, was 
the son of Odoacre, the son of Engueraud, or Ingelran, the son of 
Lyderick, all hereditary chief-foresters of Harlebeck. 

The proprietary Counts of Ardres, and of Ghisnes, or Guines, 
had also in their lands been " baudouviers," or keepers of the stag- 
hounds ; hence Baudwin, or Baldwin, is a common name in their 
families. 

But, philologists will differ ! 

Of the authorities on surnames. Gentry derives Baldwin from 
the compound of bald (Anglo-Saxon), pronounced " bawld," mean- 
ing bold, and win, (A.-S.), meaning a (successful) contest, or battle. 
And from this Baldwin is defined " bold in battle." 

Anderson, another authority, brings Baldwin from the old German 
" balde," and also says it means "bold in battle." 

Ferguson says Baldwin is derived from the combination of *' bald" 
and "win." That as a designative term it was " baldwin " in the 
8th century, A. D., and in Anglo-Saxon was Baldwine; in early 
English, Baldwin ; in Dutch, Boudewyn ; in early French, Baudouin ; 
and Italian, Baldovino. 

He says it is a compound of bald, baldo, baudo. Old German, of 
4th century, ^:. D., or the Anglo-Saxon bold, which equalled the 
Latin " fortis," a brave, or warrior, and wine or win. Old German 
for " friend," therefore Baldwin may have been " brave friend." 
The word " bald " is the most common in the compound words. 
It is claimed that Baldwin is derived from the Irish word 
'-balbhan," i. e., the stammerer, or silent one, the roots being 
"^a/M," (Irish), to stammer; (hence the French " balbutier," to 
stammer), and "«;/," (Irish), one who. That is, ^^ balbhan," or 
*'balwin;' or Baldwin, is " one who stammers, hesitates." 



[ 102] 

In the 14th century this designation came to be used in the 
Fitzmaurice family in Ireland. Thomas-balbhan Fitzmaurice, eighth 
Lord of Kerry, it is presumed, was responsible for a " Baldwin ' ' 
family on his estate ! 

In connection with these two widely different derivations of 
Baldwin, it is interesting to note that " Henry-balbhan was a ranger 
of woods in Shorpshire ; that is, he did police duty in the public 
forest, being a knight, or, at least, a squire. He had by his wife. 
Lady Eleanor Herbert, (daughter of Sir Edward Herbert, Kt. of 
Red Castle, second son of the first Lord Pembroke, by his wife, 
Lady Anne Paer, or Parr, a sister of Queen Catherine, the last wife 
of Henry the VIIL), three sons, who went to Ireland and acquired 
lands by grant and purchase, in Co. Cork, time of Elizabeth, and 
founded the Baldwin family there — the representative of which is 
James Baldwin, "The O'Baldwin," as he is called, residing at 21 
Green Park, Bath, England. His arms are : "Ar, a chev., erm. 
bet. 3 hazel sprigs, vert." Crest : " A squirrel sejant or. holding 
a hazel sprig, vert." Another large Baldwin family in Ireland 
derives its surname by gift from the Crown ! An ancestor was 
obliged to accept it at the time of the Cromwellian Settlement of 
Ireland. Chief O'Mulligan, hereditary bard and historian to the 
royal house of O'Reilly, and chieftain of Tir MacCaerthian, in Tir 
Connell, Donegal, was commanded to assume the surname " Bald- 
win," and Chief O'Mulligan, in Oo. Tyrone, had to take the name 
" Molineux." In England there are Huguenot families named 
Baudevin, Baudoin, Baudovin, Bauldevin, Bauldouin. 

Charles H, Browning. 

It will be noticed the Irish coat-of-arms are similar to those of 
the English Baldwin of Co. Bucks. 




[ 103] 

AMERICAN ANCESTRY— Continued. 

Captain John Stanley, b. Eng.; m. Sarah Scott, Decem- 
ber 5, 1645, d^"' o^ Thomas and Anne 
Scott of Guildford. had 

Deacon John Stanley, b. November 4, 1647, at Farming- 
ton, Conn.; d. May 16, 1729; m. Novem- 
ber 18, i66q, Hester Newell, dau. of 
Thom.as Newell. had 

Timothy Stanley, b. June 6, 1689; d. November 28, 
1761, at Farmington, Conn.; m. 1718, 
Martha Smith. had 

Mercy Stanley, b. 1726; d. 1768; m. November 28, 1774, 
Samuel Baldwin. 



John Parmelee, b. in England, came to Guildford, 1639, 
to Hartford, Conn., 1650, made his will 
and left large estate to son, November 8, 
1659. 

John Parmelee, also b. in England; m. Hannah . 

Isaac Parmelee, b, 1665. in Guildford, Conn.; d. January 
3, 1749; m. Elizabeth Hiland. 

Elizabeth Parmelee, b. January 30, 1697; d. March 14, 
1786, at Goshen, Conn ; m. Captain 
Nathaniel Baldwin of Goshen, Conn. 



had 
had 



had 

had 
had 



Ebenezer Hill, b. at Wallingford, Conn.; m. January 3, 
17 1 6, Martha Dibble. 

Ebenezer Hill, b. October 24, 17 17, at Wallingford, 
Conn.; m. May 27, 1741, Elizabeth Bald- 
win. 

Ambrose Hill, b. March 21, 1744; m. October 10, 1764, 
Lucia Beach. 

Lucina Hill, b. August 5, 1767; m, Samuel Baldwin of 
the revolution in 1782. 

Thomas Scott was one of the original 25 planters of Hartford, 
Connecticut. 

Captain John Stanley served and had active service in King Philip's 
War, and was also Representative. 

The last Samuel here is son of Samuel who is son of Captain 
Nathaniel Baldwin, and the latter's grandmother was Marie Bruen. 



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