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Full text of "Ballou's pictorial"

,1,. -I III-.' 
. ml M I , K, 



f 



INDEX TO ILLUSTR.VTIONB. 



A New EncUnd Familj 61 I Fourth of Jaly S«ne, BoaUm 

AiiMrittii Troops at Lake Maegi»rc, i Common ■ ' ' ' ' 

; 81 J French Troop* in Ital^— Uoreo Af- 

AII Soulii Church, tomerof Fonrlh 



Av( nrie nml TttTnlierli St. N. V. 117 
A Chincso Gcnlloman'> Rccejilion 

liuo:, 1*3 

Amt-rii an Mail bleJimcr in Jlnrljor 

i.r Havana 

A Ninpcliiiin U-AW-WrUer ■248 

A I'ltsirv CooV'fi SIiop at NflplcB. . 24» 

A Scurch Sponinft I'ony 377 

AII-8oul» Cfiurch, Halifaji, N. 8... 407 

Boston Street Charartors 24 

Bull nnd Bear KiKhl,Ni.w Orlenoi, 

Ixjuisinna 141 

Bungalow of iho Rejtih of Sunwak, 

Borneo 157 

Briiuh Men of-War lying in Ba/ 

of Nnplai \G0 

Bedford TownMbip, Pcnnsj'lvanjR, 

\itw of 381 . 

Camhridyc Cutllo Market 8 { 

Choori r I'ark troni WeHhinctnn St. 33 
Clirckcrinjf & Hvm' I'iuno Korto I 

WiirbhdUfir, riiilAdflfihiu ■. . . 181 ! 

Chi'kcrin^' &. Sum' Viuao FotlA 

Wan.-hou!4v, Nl'w Vork ISI 

Ciitpce, on the JumiiH, India IH^ 

Cit^ of Corfu from Inland of Vido 20il 

CliinoHO Doctor 2lfi 

Cliinc<0 IIcHd-DroMKinjf 21(i 

CoMtunicc of Auvcrjjnc, Fntncc... 240 
Chiru^u — puilitij; down tho Nicol* 

aon raveniBiil,. 253 

Cbtp«I of Borromt-rt, Wo^hridjio, 
Knelnud, burial-placo ol Louis 

Philippe 253 

Ca^htucru and itn I'ruducia 2H1 

CoKita on the Froiiiicrs of Moiiia- 

iiifiro 297 

Chiiieitu Moumini; for Iho Dund . . . 32t* 
Chickorin^'o' Piano Forlc Waic- 

rooniK, VVin^thin^too Kt. BobIod.. 337 
CUurt'oal Burning; in Franco. . . . « 384 

Pnir^' Cows nnd Farminf;— Ajt- 
Hdire Bull, Janvy Cow, Shiirt 
Horn Cow, Lady DeTon, Dutch 
Dairy Cow, Hereford Bull 69 

Dopartiirv ol ;hc Bultiiiiure City 
Guard! 16! 



tillery of the Guaid 41 

bfllccrx and Soldiera of the 

Knjtini-er Corps 41 

Chaxiururs at Ponte di Ma- 

ficnta 41 

French Bavonet 

'J Ito Kiilly'by Four 44 

Jx>a<lin(f on the March, Gym- 

naHiic 8lcp 44 

The Kallyby half aectiOn.. 45 
ChfUHvum employed a« Ti- 

rullcura 45 

ContinHiilatiiiK (Jftlccrn aficr 
the BauJe of Solforino... 109 

Fla(*«of bH NalioM 120 

Franklin Mill» I3G 

Itaptd.i hclow the Darn 136 

Pood above the Dam 136 

Interior of Fninklin Mill.,. 137 
I Fofltival of the Madonna Del Arco 

[ at Naplea 160 

! FumnW^ ol tlio Oucd-Nai] Tribe, 

Saluira 301 

I Face- Slapping in Chioa 333 

! Fakoere of India 333 

I Great Iitaacfl Lighibooio, Bahama 
' Hanks 345 

I Hyde Park ami Fuirmounl, from 
J Ml. NfpoiiMti, Dorchcsltr. Maaa. 104 
j norMf-lCucini; arnont; the Japanese. 224 
Jlurjier's Ferry, Va., from Jeffcr- 

Bon 'a Hock 317 

HouKu of a Ittch Banker at Adji' 
I mir, India 320 

Iron Monufaoiurca — Flower Stand, 
Foldint; Bedatcad, Card Stand, 
Aijuarium 133 

Japoncac Sporting 406 

Kunilworih CoAlte, Wurwickshiro, 
Kngland 304 

Lako of Como, Scene of Garibal- 
di's recent exploits 49 

L'AiKln. the mw French Imperial 

Yocht, at ('herbourg 248 

Long Kanrd lUbbita 329 

La Comelu, French Steam Gun 
Boat ^60 



£mperor Louis Napoleon among 

the PcBSftnir)' of Milan. .. i ... . 25 ,, ... , , _, 

KnL-IiHh LonK-llonKKt Cuttle 145 I J ai Itichmond Va 48 

Exiled HehniwM M'H '" Jura, Switzerland 137 



Exiled ilehrowH 336 

Kglinton Sunpunsion Bridge, Mac* 
quario iiiver, Bathumt, New 
South Walw 393 

French Troopa — Cuimasiont of the 

Guar«l 9 

Grenadium of the Guard. . , 9 
ZuuBvoa of the Imporial 

Guard 9 

Froncli Ships ol-War in Harbor of 

Genoa 13 

French Skirmiihora at Battle of 
PaltMtro, Italy 16 



MariHchal College, Aberdeen, 
.Scotland 329 

New Mechanics Halt, Portland, 

Maine 157 

New Univor(iity College, Toronto, 
Canada.. 392 

Ono of the Cumel Corps of India. 184 
Ornamented Panel at tho Capitol, 
Washmgton 406 

Piano Fono Manufactory, Cfaick- 
wingii' 56 



Wdtibnle, Mr. C.'a Pht^ 

Itofim, Knfine ^ 56 

III v'lilaring Machine Shop, 

I>imt.Q!>ion Itoora 57 

Ca-w, Boom, Sounding- Board 

Iloom 57 

Veneer- Sawinc, Top-Boom, 

Finifihing Houm 57 

44 !P' M iinc— Tho New Mo- 
ll 157 

]'!..< Uampitbire 

Mtudilh 72 

Lake \Vinnipi«cogee 72 

f.aronia 72 

SciitiT House in Centre 

Httrtwr 73 

Lake Village 73 

Wointorough 73 

Plan of ImproToracnt to be made 

in Bohton Public Garden 361 

Portniit-i — Paul Morphy,thc Cheu 

Champion 1 

Froncis Joseph, Emperor of 

Austria 5 

General McMahon, Manhal 
of France and Duko of 

Mageiilii 32 

The Koyul Family of 

Kngland 37 

Leopold II., Duke of Tus- 
cany 40 

General Getlrard, President 

of Hayti 40 

Prime Humbert, Duke of 

Piedmont 64 

Martilial IU-i;nand Dc Saint 

D'Angely 81 

(Captain Hohvtt B. F'orbea.. 113 
Wntcr-Carricr of Venice... 125 
IleAH and Wimplfeii — Aus- 
trian Field MarohuU 129 

Hon. Itcubcn K. F'enton, 

M.C 177 

Co.'imiHDder Urban Batazzi, 
Minister ol the Intenur, 

Sardinia 185 

The Duke Ornini nnd Viola 192 
Governor (Jencral of Cuba 

in ('oum il 213 

M. Albert De Pourtale:i, 
Prussian Ministerlo France 217 
Porlroil of u Spanish Lady. 224 
L. J. Czapkay, M. D.. of 

San Frani isi o, California 237 
Louiei Napoleon at tho head 

of tho Arni^ in Paris 241 

Leigh Hunt 305 

Madame Gueymord Lautora 31^ 
Cajitjiiii Jerome Bonaparte. 313 
Statue of I)e Witt Clinton, 
at Greenwood Cemetery, 

Long lalund 77 

Sidi Sadok-Baclia, Bey of 

Tunis 328 

Alid-KI-Kliamar, tho lato 

Kmperor of >iorocco. . . . 344 
Hon. John F. Potter, of 

Wisconsin 353 

Statue of BrigadicpGciicral 



Field-Msnhal Von Bes^'dek, 
Coino ander of the /inny 
of ^ nclia 392 

GranTiU; Wood.... 414 



(•} 



Tiiver 

, lAf£ Bishop 



53 



Rci'nM 
K. 

])>, 

Rong J. Tig, Dj '"cr» in ihe Interior 

of Javo, 101 

Refectory in » Greek Mononlery 

near Athen- 105 

Rematkable vi rooi^T.'ie Pionccr'a 

Cabin 264 

The Tt ree Siiiera 264 

Thi Winer's Cabin 264 

Tho Bi^,' ri*e.. 264 

Tl<e H >n^e Bs k Ride 2&4 

Plane Tree, rear Smyrna, 

Akin Minor 265 

The Bt -li'ah, nr Gouty Stem 

Tree of Australia 265 

Ro}a1 Palace It Berlin, Prussia... 265 

Scene on the Trotting Park, Sonth 

y. ■■ ■ 112 

Sul " .'hI li'>aton — 

1 , > I \ Residence, 

Btlmunt. . . , 152 

J. W. Edriaiids's Uoose, 

New (on f.'enlre 152 

JoKiiu l.McUu's House, Water- 
town 152 

Lyrooji Placv. Waliham. . . 153 
Oliver Hastings's Residence, 

Old Camhriilge 153 

Auburadftle. Mass 153 

FulU of B( aver Brook, 

Belnont 1.53 

Si!Ono in o |.oiidon Gin Palace. . . 1 65 
^ccne in a Torkish CotTee Hou^e.. 200 
f^undny Mei lingo! Colored People 

nt Cliieag J 208 

Skctclies or Indian Tribes— Pinio 

Women. -i 232 

Popi'/os Women 232 

DieftHio Indians Travelling 232 

A Lpan Warrior 233 

Griny Bear, a Seminole 

Ciief. 233 

Yiluft Indians 233 

Scenes in Lima— Scene at a Con- 

■vent Gi^te 256 

Vi it lo J-iinu Convent. . . 256 
Statue of Ho.-iCii Balluu, at Mount 

Auban ^ 273 

Strtct Srno in Scvtllo, Spain. ... 290 
Servio)^(f Plate, prewi-nted to Major 
Kog« hy Boston Light Infantry 65 

!•;> and (heir Inhabitants. . . 281)1 
|r Upa Dance in Tahiti. . . . 
L'niven<alist Cbarcb, 

i tridgeport, Mass 

fti^ty. 



The Sdiu Sftreut Block, Boston... 16 

The Vrtck f;3 

The SWtra 76 

^^^i'l Sd'J I The GrWui S<nuiry in Perugia, Italy !84 

I..eoneiio Cypriani, Governor The /-Uio FiOcampment ut Con? 
General of Romagna. . . , 370 | co^i,, Maw ^' 194 



The Great Crater of tbtf Fndsi 

Jamma, Japan - 1 97 

The Keranrhie, or Kidrapore 

Omnibuj 2OI 

The Fanioufi Sca Fight between the 
Bon Homme Richard and the 

Serapiii 205 

Tho Conralesrcnt French Soldier 

returning to F" ranee 209 

The Turcos marching through the 

Streets of Pans 225 

The Old Salt Uouao, Ixing Wbarf, 

Bo«oo . . 258. 293 

Tho Waieriri,' Place 269 

The F'rench .Soldier at Home 272 

The Great F intern under Weigh.. 285 

The American Aloe in bloom 288 

Travelling Inland in t^hina 297 

The Hindoo Money-Changer 312 

Tfio Leameil Seals,. at the Aqaa- 

rium, Boe on 321 

The ('haus>ey Islands,' Coast of 

Normand.- 344 

The New Su)ipenf.ion, Bridge, at 

-Chelsea, Kngland.. . '. 349 

The Hiippv Choice 353 

The Presiomt of the United States 80 

The Acceped 354 

The RcjecfLd 3C5 

The Sand Key Lighthouse. Florida 368 
The Grea Kastern nt Holyhead, 
Fnglao' 376 

View, of Carlsbad, Bohemia 48 

View of Lhe Port and City of Ma- 

tunzas Cuba 85 

View of Lako Maggiore, Northern 

Italy 93 

View c Isoma, on the Srrivia, 

Nortlern Italy 105 

Vivnntiitrea of the French A^y.. 128 
View (I the Piazza Del Populo, at 

Rote 128 

View if Lake Thai-IIou, China. .. 169 
■\'illa;J Scent in Savoy, Switzerland 217 
VaoU'^rbili'a American Steamer, 

tbf Xortb Star 237 

Vie** 00 tho Chenango River, New 

T -rk 261 

Vi|!igc of St. Neciaire, Depart- 
r entof Puy-De Dome, France. 345 

V^. w in Boston Harbor 397 

V.;w on the Hudson River, near 

Newburgh, N. Y . . 400 

View on the Harlem River near 
, High Bridge, N. Y 411 

Welioniing Italian Volunteers ae 

Milan yg 

Washington's Rock, Somerset 

County, New Jersey 2O8 

Washing'ton Building, Washington 

Street, Bo.stun 335 

Winter Scene in New England. . . 401 

Yacht Fox — Arctic Discovery Vqb- 

296 

Iron Screw Steam Yacht, Norah 
Crcina 296 

Zurich, Switiorlond 349 



P>«c. 

A Scene on the Mississippi 3 

A I'no Femrao 42 

' All the Night Long 54 

A Story on I^etters 92 

A Weilding Trip to the Moon 130, 146 

A Memory 150 

A Voyage to Sweden 167 

A Sua Fight 174 

Antrea 182 

Anew 204 

A Judicial Murder 214 

Anna Morion : or, The Self Sac- 

rificc 242 

An Adventure in the Arctic Ocean 260 

A Modem Gho»t Story 268 

A'l the Day I>ong 294 

A|tuttnu)al ^[u!iings 326 

tlpie Poem 374 

A^eir Pleasure 380 

BeiN Sparkle versus the Lawyer. . 68 

Beit.Yiy Lover 230 

Bad ^atk I Bad Lnekl [ 410 

391 

Chiriquf\.. 39g 

ChnitmA Carol 405 

Edith DoiVn DC*. 119 

Ediih'a DejWnan '* asr 

Frost and Hebe 54 

Family Pride. 250 

Flush of Jlora 292 

Five Years ; or. The Story ot Lin- 

den Lodge 332 

Florence Gale: or. First and LoBt. 375 

Greystone House Igg 

Guests at the Red Lion.'l!!!!! *" 230 
Gossip with the Reader, 14 30 46 62 
78, 94. UO, 126. 142. 158 '174' 
190, 20G. 222, Mfe. 254, 2:o', 286 
3U2, 318, 334, 35U, 266, 382^ 



INDEX 

Paffd. 

How the Widow was Managed. . . 12 

llcii I'eiked and Rooster Pecked. . 55 

Hen- 7c 

His Noisy Neighborhood 132 

llelcQc of Hungary 134 

Harley Laugdon's Widow 180 

Half an hour with the Parisians. .. 247 

Hope Ou— Hope ICvor 276 

His First Affair : or, Pistols for 

Two 403 

ril do it this very moment 108 

I've Stood on the Shore 238 

lucideof* in the Life of a Physician 310 

I knew Thoo, cie I saw Thee 359 

Indolence 374 

Kit Carbon's Bear Advoniuve.. ... 32 

Lines for an Album 12 

Lines to one Uereavod 14 

Love— Not Money 70 

Lucy EldonV Life Ilistorv 76 

Love and Surgery ' 

Last Kve's Missing Guest H8 

Lovo me Little, Love me Long. ... 126 

Leonora j 

U'gend of the Starred Rock '. 154 

Losing and Finding 182 

Li"*^* 168 

Love against Gold 292 

Lines 

Linos !.".'.'! 348 

Lifu's Lessons \ [ [ 357 

My Sunbeam 

Mickle- Mouthed Meg ' CO 

Misconception '/_* |03 

My Nineieeuih Birthday , , 108 

My Birthday 230 

^\l■is Uettv's Pictures ! ... 246 

Manlixd De Lisle: or, The Secnst 

. /'/.pf" 262 

My Lilly 

My Bo}Uood> Trials . . . [ . . '. 332 



TO M I S C TS L ^ N Y . 



My Cousin Mndolino 342 

Music on the Wave 35rt ; 

Moll Pitcher, the Now England 
Fortune- Teller 



Near Ticino's Stream.. 

Nil De^iperandum 

Now and Then 

Nelly's Room 

Outward Bound 

Our Willy 

Of Drcum 



354 ! 

I 

36 
70 
94 
13: 

6 
3:7 
9,G 



Peace be with Yon 78 

Plino and Proserpine 02 

Paciolus Jig 

Phebe Mallow's Three Lovers. . . . 212 

Fanod 286 

i*oe»y 390 

Rose* 38 

Reverie I66 

Roborgias Tonkins : or, Pwiae «i. 

Censure 1 )72 

J^st 1 

liusaliu De Clairrille. Alegenalf 

olden days of Franco ^ 372 

Song go 

Shirley Broughton uiO 

Smoking them out \ >-i 

Summer , . . ' 140 

Song ot Uio Mariner's Wite. '.., . 156 

Sullio Lost and Won ]66 

St. John's Little Finger . 194 

Sonnet, Inferus 212 

Serenade 284 

S^og- V'.'.'. 254 

oupphcutioD 316 

SfOi/ SJ6 

Shadows ;(., 

Story of an old Settler . '-A'j 

The Secret of ibe Ring 



i'ort. . . 
' ■! ''lU'e . . . , 
il uf Lyons. . 
Icponiance. 



I 'li.t .\L^ i.dei 

The ^(iqoiirr 

The Rl-es.. ' 

Tho Wi.mejl i4 Savoy. . , 

Tho Mjsic*)iis Picture.. 

The Be.^Kff (jf the Sea 

The R»ui)A^ Evergreen 

Tlie SOiilitmrmf Bruges. . , 

Tho Qii.-.'ojt/ tho VincTurd , 

Tho OLUift 

The Oirvtfl'k 

The Rcii'ljH»st 

Tho RfMiisL Si*ien. 

The Hous/f ld Band..., 

The OM tiler's StO(T 

The 1);. ingpoldier's A4dTess 

The A- tiij ^ Victim 

The t\t!tB Sister 

Tho D ) Man 

The M ' >uan .'.Dine 

ThoS;i,iJot NonnTfl-Fertb 

The W ith Trial 

Tho DiaJond St. 

The rhritmas W,iMihs [ . 

The Sclyig Sun f MID 

To niv ifisband 

Tbel)oA^eTrr; -ty 

Ths ( J: , ' ;fn, Plains.. . . 
The \'. .1 

The li ■ I 

To Jo i' 

TlU- \\n , ,[y 

■I' ^ii.... ; 

1 I -Nature 

i'^ * .fMurkrois 

6 Tho U ' 

6 The f.' ,;crB, 210 

7 Twitht ' 

'J j T! Jlobin'sXLii in the Maple. ! 

Th^V^utlcyji tiio Innocents 

2 I ThfFlow<;ro! Liddosdale 



Pae*. 

6 
( 

. 18 
. 20 
. 22 
. 22 
. 28 
. 28 
, 36 
. 38 
. 46 
, 52 
54 
55 
66 
. 68 
82 
92 
98 

no 

114 
116 
118 
124 
134 
140 
147 
149 
156 
158 
163 
164 
172 
178 
190 
196 
196 
198 
198 
204 
226 
214 
220 
220 
228 



Pag*. 

The Blind Giri of Custlc Cuille. . . 236 

Tom Rocket 044 

That Night 246 

The Roadi-idc Inn : or, The For- 
tunes and Mishaps of John 

Smith 258, 274 

Tho Forsaken 268 

Tlie Mana'uvreing Aunt 276 

The Golden Thread 278 

The Spanish Bride 278 

The Woman Hater 284 

The Goldsmith's Daughter : or, the 

Secret ol FianU 290, 306 

The Spectre Lover of Saint Cecelia 294 

The Obliging Voung Man 295 

The Crazy Steamboat 300 

To Annie B 302 

The West India Heiress 309 

The Maiden's Leap 31G 

The Antumn Sunset 318 

The Banished Wife 324, 340 

Tho Soldier's D:iughter 348 

Tho Novice of Quebec 355 

The Captain's Boy 357 

The Lady of tho Swan 370 

To a Bouquet of Flowers 375 

To my Father 332 

Tho Red Hand '386^ 405 

Tho Ufjver of the Gulf 388 

The Huncbliiick Girl 391 

The Yankee Privateer 395 

The Sufferings of a Mother 402 

Ugly 335 

Violet 

Wild Madge : or, Remioisceocee of 

n Uomp 50 

Winning Consent log 

Would 1 were Dead " \%4 

Wee Willie's Smile . . 206 

WaitiiJg fur the Harvesters....... 270 

Willie's Chrittening 334 

Which will win herl 390 

Wait 




M. M. BALLOU.j 



NUHDBR n 
HTNTBR STRKCT 



*A HAPPY NEW YEAR TO ALL." 
Sach k the tiUo of ihe beautiful and «pm.iy, 
des>gn drawn for un Billings, cogrT^cd bv 
Pierco. and executed ,a the be«t s,yt> of botj 
art..t«. which forma the initial engraving of this 
our Grn number of the nc„ volume of the - Pic! 
tonal. A prominent f.atur^ in the picture, in 
which nllegor^r a^d fact ^ happily combined, i« 
agracefuUkotch of Boston Common. >vith [ho 
State House and tho oM elm tree, 50 dear to 
every BoMonian. In th. foreground a fine two- 
horse sleigh is dashing ahng in gay style, boys 
aro Buo^-balling and sledding, ladies and gontlo- 
men promenading. The Bbadow in this sunny 
picture, la the figure of tho poor woman with the 
children crossing the street, typical of the penury 
which exists in every city, and calls into activity 
the warm sympathies and kindly charitic. of the 
benevolent and beneficent. Surmounting- 'the 
landscape, is old Time, reclining on a dial which 
marks the progress of the liours, and bears the 
warning notes, " Time fii.--)." A beautiful fe- 
male is inscribing, with a li^-ht hand, the figures 
representing the incoming joar. On either hand 
are allegorical figures representing Agriculture 
and Labor, with the moiioea, " I'rosperity," 
"Peace," and " UDivorsal Good Will." The 



^ BOSTOl SATURDAY, .lANUAllY 1, 1859. »I5S,'M? |Vo... xvi., n., 



l...\ViioLB No. 393. 



grt« and purity of is design stamp it as one of 
the finctt from the pencil of Billings we have 
ever published. Ine.mmcnring another iwolvo- 
nionth. wo most cordially wish a " Happy New 
loftT" to our host of old friends, and to the 
many new ones who have rallied to our support, 
«nd given a fresh impuNo to the spirit with which 
we continue our labors for the amusement and 
instruction of the public Our* is no new entcr- 
prno. it is true, but a permanent institution, 
placed on an enduring bwis by libera! patronage. 
We have been steadily and surely advancing 
since wo commenced our public-ation— a result 
owing to the fact tJiat wc have concentrated all 
our energies and our means upon the paper 
Itself, profoniug to make that worthy of sup- 
port and to speak for itself, instead of telling 
the public through flaminR announcements, what 
wo would do, or have dime. In the interest of 
oor patrons, wo have preferred to spend our 
money on our pages, and not outside of them. 
The present number may bo taken as some indi- 
cation of what our coarse will be for 1859, 
though our motto is " Excelsior," and we mean 
that every fresh achievement shall bo a stepping- 
stone to something higher. As we have else- 
wliero mentioned, we have secured tlie sMrvicea 



of some of iho best dosignors and engrmven in 
the country, who will furnish us with excellent 
picturos throughout the year. We have, mom- 
over, made such arrnngcmenis with correspond- 
ents, photographers and ortlsu in foreign coua- 
trios, to supply tix with faithful doMripliuuft and 
views of important citlot, striking Lands capes, 
etc., that wo shall be enabled lo pCMont what- 
ever is most striking in iho malcrial world, and 
most interesting in ita social aapocU and prog- 
ress. So much for the illuniraled portion of our 
work. But o-ir rcadure are well aware that pir- 
tures, though u prominent, ore not an oxrlusivo 
feature of our design. The site and typo of our 
journal, enable us to devote a largo share to lit. 
oraturo. In this branch, wo have enlisted the 
servli<cs of some of the best and most popular 
writers of the day, and are continually adding lo 
oor list of contributors. Among our now re- 
cniiu wo refer with pleasure to Walter Ctaronee, 
Esq., long connected with " Dickens's Houjo- 
hold Words," and one of iu favorite wntera. 
His sketches of advcnturos as a naval officer in 
various parts of Ihe worid, are much in the vein 
of Sala, tbo author of a "Journey Duo North." 
Our old favorito writers will continue IflB^er- 
ato with as, and the favorito foaturo of a portion 



of a itimnj; novelette In each niiiitbrr, will be 
kepi up. Occasionally thwc continued romance* 
will be illusimted. Of the editorial portion of 
the " Pictorial," it does not become us to speak, 
except to say that we havo extended ita spaco, 
tliai wo may impart more variety lo il, and tJiat 
we shall continue our labors more tealoosty thai 
oTor. This much wo havo felt compelte*! to say 
in justice to ourselves and our generous friends ; 
for the future the " Pictorial " will tell iu own 
story. Again we wish a '■ Happy New Year to 
All." There in s strange link which hinds the 
editor to hin readers. Of the many thousands wo 
addroM, there ore very few whoso hands we over 
grasp, with whoso flices wo can over bocomo 
familiar, tlio tones of whoso voices may over 
reach our oar. Thoy arc bujiluu to us— we ad- 
dross them, but il is only indirectly that they 
echo our thoughw. Vet we know them lo be 
like ourselves, aud subject to tbo vicissiludee of 
life. Many of them in the past year may havo 
been summoiioil to strew flowen on the graves of 
the loved and lost— lo them may ihefutum bring 
consolation ! Many of them, on the other hand, 
have added joys to be grateful for— to tliem coil- 
tinued prosiMirity I To each and all may thii r«o- 
ord of our thoughu and labors, come as a frltod. 





£ 



ALLOU'S PICTORIAL I)RAWING-RO0>I CJMPANIOK 



[n'rittoafor Dftlloo'i PictnrblJ 

— uli, — 

THE FALSE HEIE. 

A Siorj of ihc rwnrh an* Indian W nr. 

BY MB«. CABOLIMB OOKB. 

CIIAl'TER I. 
T II K r It E n (1 - O A X . 
A HitioHT nro (liffuecfl wnrmtli imd light 
tlirougli llic nijiilly kejtt apnrlriicnt of a cotra;:o 
cf llic hiiinblcr fieri, ncur the soHllicrn shore of 
the Twcc(]. A womnn was nin\n'4 in front of 
ihn fire, UiyWy employed in wenving a fifher- 
iimirs net, ecvcml of which were s ijupciuli:-! 
HjjolnsI the wnll. Now and then she hmkcd to- 
wards « triwile, which, with iw rich earrings, 
ronc-rotored dumn»*k lininK, "nd omhroidcred 
Mik fovcrlet, socincd wiranpcl/ out of pliirc when 
roinpored with the tliimsy »hnir.«, and a few 
otlicr artieles of furniture disposed nlwut the 
room. A bor a year old, and beautiful as a fa- 
Idcd Cupid, lay wrapped in rosy slumber in this 
luxurious bed. 

It wa* Rclling Inte, and the woman was about 
10 lay awidti the unfinished net, when a man, ten 
or a do7^n years younf,'cr than she wa», entered. 

"Uamisli IJraxon," said »h6. " this is a lalo 
hour to call on such as I, who hiwo to work for 
a living. In two minutes more the door would 
have been locked and the tire put out." 

" It in rather laio. But why do yoii worry 
yourself milking nets ? I don't sec any need of 
it, now you've got the rich Mr. Danbridyc's child 
to lake cjiro of. Uo pay* you pretty Uhcmlly, I 
take itV 

" Yes, liberally onougli, but 1 want to earn all 
I can, that 1 may lay up a littlo something. If 
iny non returns mafe from scji, I mean that ho 
shall stay ut home a year, and get a little learn- 
ing, fio that he needn't bo obliged to xail bcforo 
tlio mast all his days. How is Mary this 
ovoning V 

"Better, I suppoflo you will say, than she has 
been. She's dead." 

*' Yen, I do say she is better; for she's beyond 
tho reach of your neglect and cruel treatment." 

" I never pretended, n« you do, to bo tender- 
hearted. Yet with all your pretensions, I sup- 
pose you will refuse to grant her la«t request." 

" What wa.1 it 1 Yet wliy need I ask 1 Don't 
I know that her last care would be for her child ? 
yiio wished mo to take rhargc of it." 

" Yes, that was her wish ; hut I suppose it 
wont do for the boy of n poor man like me, who 
earns his bread by performing tho drudgery of a 
domestic tutor, to be warmed by the same fire as 
Mr. Danbridge's son. I don't sec how ho came 
to think of giving him into tho care of a poor 
lishcmian's widow." 

"What Mr. Danbridgo wants, is to have liis 
motherless child well treated, and ho knew that 
I could be Iruslcd." 

" Well, what do you ftay t Will you take my 
boy or not !" 

" Yes, I will take him, and treat him a? well 
as Percy Danbridgo. I nin't rock liim in so fine 
a cradle; but ho shall have the one my own 
Waller was n>cked in, and if be prove to be as 
pood as he is, you can ix^k nothing better for 
him." 

" It \a settled then. I will bring him to-mor- 
row evening, il I can find a boat to cro!"!! the 
river in." 

" What is liis name 1 Ilamish ?" 

"No; Uobcrt. I didn't choose to give him 
such a heathenish sounding name ivs my parents 
gave me." 

Bruxon eat in a musing altitude a nnmber of 
minutes ; and then looking up suddenly, asked 
Mrs. Cline whou she expected her son homo. 

"lam looking for him every day," was her 
answer. 

" liow old li ho !" 

" Twenty." 

This answer, for some reujon, appeared lo 
please hiui. A smile which had somcihing evil 
in it, passed over his countenance as he rose to 
go. 5jlc had already raised the door latch, when 
he stopped and looked round. 

" What'« the name ot" the ship yoar son sailed 
in V he asked. 

"The Cornucopia." 

" A merchant ship V 

"Yes." 

lie then bid her good night, and withdrcvr. 



Th« following cwninf, a« Mr». Clino wa» 
every moment cxpcrting Bmxon with hi« child, 
BoiDC one knocked at the oaicr door. On open- 
ing il, ahc found ibal it was Mr. DanbriJgc. 
ZvcT since the low of his wife, tie liad been 
thinking of craigmllng to America, with the 
view of making that country his home. An op- 
portunity of goin;{ tliillicr with several of hi* ac- 
qiiainunccs had unexpectedly prwcnU-d iwelf, 
and he hafl called for the parpoM) of speaking 
with her wnccming his child. 

" Shall you Uike him with you 1" she ini|uircd. 
"I think not," he rculieJ, " unlc« you will 
conscitt to go »nd take cliargc of liiro." 

This i»he could not think of doing, on accooni 
of ber son; and when he left, it was with the 
understanding that bis little son should, for at 
least a few monihs, when the woatbcr would he 
warmer and iduaaanter, remain in her enro. 

In R minute niter Mr. Danbridgo was gone, 
Braxon came with his child. 

" ilis mother was my sister," said Mrs. Clinc, 
as she took him into her arms, " and for that rea- 
son I have consented to undcrlako Uie core of 
him." 

I had a» lief it would he on that account as 
any other ; though I suspect it wouldn't have 
much weight wiib you, if you didn't expect to 
have pay for it. Hut we wont waste words about 
it. Mr. Danlirldge has been here." 
" Ho has." 

" To let yoa know that be has concluded to go 

to America ?" 
" Yes." 

" I'm glad lie is going." 
" Why arc you glad f" 

" Becau^e ho might have objected to your hav- 
ing another cliilil to take care of, lest his should 
be neglected. Now, bo need know nothing about 
t. 1/ be should cull, it will bo easy for you lo 
keep your nephew out of the way." 

"I shall do no such thing. I shall toll Mr. 
Danbridgo all about it tho first opportunity." 

" Tho more fool you. Any ucws from your 
son yet 1" 

"No." 

" I'm glad to hear it, as I am not quity ready 
for him yet," muttered Hraxon to himself, as he 
turned to go. 

" Did jou speak 1" asked Mrs. Clino. 

" I only said I should bo glud to bear from 
him," ho replied. 

Hoon after lie left the cot;n?o, he wn.<< joined 
by a man who appeared to bo waiting for him, 
and tliey walked slowly away togotlior. 

" You are certain," said Braxon, " that il wo-i 
the Cornucopia that tho Argo spoko with." 

" I am." 

" Then, according to what you told mo, 'twill 
he in port some lime to-morrow." 

" There can bo no doubt ot it," n-plicd bis 
comrade, whose name was Finchlcy. 

" Luck is on my side, then. Wat Clino, if he's 
alive — and there isn't much danger but tlmt ho 
is — will bo certain to be hero in season." 

" I don't see liow his being here is to turn to 
your account. " 

" Wait till tho time comes and you'll see." 

They now parted, after having agreed to meet 
again for a certain purpose, which bad been pre- 
viously discussed I)ctween them. 

A little iiiier dark, the following evening, a 
sealed note was lianded to Mrs. Clino. 

" It is from Mr. Danbridge," said she to ber- 
self, looking at the .t-ignaturc. 

It appeared to have boon written in great 
baste, and il was with eoiisidcruble difliculiy tlmt 
she read as follows : 

" I have been prevcnteil from calliin; to-diiT, 
by being obligcil to ho absent on hut-inesH I am 
now aboard the ' Kiner|)rise.' in whii-h I have 
taken pa.ssage for Virginui. Foriuiititely, I Imvo 
lound among tlio pa5seng>:rs, i\ woman who is 
willing, and in every res]H'cl competent, to lake 
charge of my little son during the voyage, and 
having from the first, felt a great reluctance to 
leaving him behind, I have concluded to < ominit 
him lo ber care. I diil not expect that the ' Kn- 
terpri.sc would sail so soon, and certain instruc- 
tions to be IV'rwiirded to mv Lomton agent are 
yet to pn-pnrc. This, much to my regret, will 
prevent mu from accompanying tbc woman, who 
will call for the child in a nirnnge I ^tlall cause 
to be provided for the p«rpo,<i-, in somctbing like 
an hour, or pcrlinps a luile los. after vou receive 
this. In tbc nienntira« \on will make tbc nece-i- 
sary preparation. 1 wa* obliged lo >.cnd for him 
to-ni;,'iit, as the c.iptain tells mc they >hull wtigb 
anchor at early dawn." ' 

For a few minutes Mrs. Clino was too much 
furjtriscd and agiiaicd lo set nl>out the task 
which had been enjoined. She roubl do nothing 
but walk tho floor; lor the had become ;o much 



attached to the beautifol and ir ell.gent boy. (hat 
the ihonght of j.ar:i.'S h " w«a "tremcly 
p«uful: the moTt!so.from I 'ving been led to 
expect lhat he was to i^main ^^it"' " 
while she succeeded in cotn|> «ing herself so far 
as 10 gather together hi. rich -•'"''"K- " ''7 
^oon packed nrndy for rtmov. ■ SI'" l'«J '""-^IX 
time to finish, when sbo head a carriage stop. 
The next minute a man pot head ui.Mdo tho 
door and asked il all was rail}'- '1''"= 
was bitter c:>ld, and having -""cfnlly folded a 
costlv India shawl, which t-'l belonged to the 
child's mother, aronnil hia olier wrappings, for- 
tunately without wakinghim,'bc inquired if the 
woman" was ia tbo carriagj "bo was to t.iko 
charge oi him. ' 

"To he sure ebc is," re .lied the man, who 
stood waiting. " Hero, let no bavo the little fel- 
low, an<i I'll hand him to he" 
" No, I shall carry him m self," she replied. 
It had grown cloudy, ani was so excessively 
dark that she in vain trie, to obtain a sight of 
tbo woman's face, undcrp i»lh ber deep hood. 
She withdrew her hnoda a id arms from under 
the folds of a capacious clo k, and without say- 
ing a word, reached forwon! lor tho child. Tho 
man then closed the carrin^c door, and took his 
scat beside tbo driver. 

Mrs. Cline, as bhe tamed nway, experienced a 
strange foreboding of evil, for which she could 
not account. She did not >i>cak, nciibcr did she 
move a step from tho >pot when tlie carriage 
drove from the door, till the last faint sound of 
the wheels died away in the: distance. 

" There seems to be something strange about 
tJiis, now that tho child is gone," she said, Imlf 
aloud to herself, as sho turned and slowly went 
into the liouse. " Why did tho woman sent for 
him appear as if eho did not wish for me to see 
her, and why didn't sbo speak ? My mind mis- 
gives me." 

She passed a restlexs night ; bnt the joy of be- 
holding her son, who arrived early in the morn- 
ing, for a time dissipated the doubt and gloom 
which bad filled her mind. 

He bad imfirovcd in personal appearance since 
she saw him ; tho rich crimson glowing through 
the brown, which the sea air and simnicr climes 
had planted on his checks, ns well ns his clear, 
bright eyes, speaking eloquently of cheerfulness 
and health. The day glided swifily away ; for 
the sailor boy had much to say of what he 
Imd seen in other lands. It was about eight 
o'clock in the evening, and the mollicr and son 
v.-cro silling by the fire, wben the door was ab- 
ruptly opened, and Hamish Braxon entered. 

"Waller Cline," said he, hurriedly, "come 
with me. Tho press-gang are in pursuit of ycu, 
and will shortly be here. I fell in witti them and 
put them on a wrong beat, or yon would already 
be in their power." 

Tbo young man started up, alarmed and be- 
wildered, hardly comprehending the import of 
what Braxon bad said. Mrs. Clinc was more 
quickly alive to tbc impending danger, and urged 
ber son to hasten his departure. 

" It is so dark," said Braxon, " that we can 
easily cludo them, and I will conduct you to a 
lii»ling place near at hand, where you will bo 
perfectly secure." 

Walter, who by this time was fully alive to tho 
nature of the fnie which threatened him, delayed 
only long enough to exhort his mother to keep 
up good courngc till he could with tafety return, 
and then followed Braxon, who stood wailing 
for him ju-st onbidc the door. After an absence 
of about fifteen minutes, tho latter returned. 

" You are back soon," said Mrs. Cline. " Are 
yon certain that Walter is safe?" 
" That depends on you." 
" How can that be?" 

" 1 have certain conditions to propose, which 
you must accede to, or I will deliver him up to 
the [ircss gang. From that hour he will, in all 
probability, be tbo same to you as if he were 
detid." 

"I know it. I hail ft biotbcr once who was 
fourteen years on the sea, without ever once set- 
ting bis foot on bis native shore." 

" A fate, w hich in your eon's cue, you have 
the power to avert." 

" llow 1 In wbtit way ? Tell me.'* 

"Thai's what I intend to do. You sent Mr. 
Danbridge's child away Inst night ?'* 

" I did. It was in compliance with hi:* written 
orders." 

" You did right ; but remember that tho world 
must believe that Mr. Danbridge's son is here 
still." 

" How can tbc woild believe it V 



" Wont it be as tvy to o«)l tbc child now ly- 
ing nslosp in Ibis eradlc, TcrcjE Danbridgtt as 
Robert Braxon V 

" Wliat do yon mean ? I don't understand 
you." 

"Simply this- No one knows that my child 
is Iicrc except wo vwo and your son. No one 
knows thai IVrcy Danbridgo was sent awny last 
nigli^ut you r.nd me, and two others, whose si- 
Icnca 1ms been bought. Il waa I who sent for 
tbc child, in Mr. Danbridge's name. He knows 
nothing about it." 

"But he will know it, if my life is spared long 
enoiigli." 

" You have got to take that back again, or I 
will point out to those in pursuit of him, your 
son's hiding place. By consenting to what I re- 
(luirc, vou will do no harm to tlio son of Mr. 
Datibridgp, and will save to more tlian one a 
world of sorrow and tronldo. Among others, 
Mr. Danbridgo himself." 

" What yon say is lo mn incomprehensible." 

"It shall be mode pLin to you hereafter. 
There is no time for explanations now. The 
press-gang is almost at tho door." 

This was true. The trampling of their feet 
was plainly to be heard. 

"What can I do?" said she, wringing her 
hands in an agony of doubt and terror. 

" As 1 have told you." 

" Have piiy on mc." 

" Words are useless. Tliiogs have already 
gone too far to mtTcr me to recede, even if I 
wished it. Give mc the irquircd promise, or you 
have seen your son for the last time." 

" I must not. Do n'^t ask me." 

" Bo it so, then, and reap tho reward of your 
obstinacy. Do you bear them t They are al- 
ready at tho door. Ten minutes from this time, 
and tbc son you ate so proud o( wiil be delivered 
into their power." 

At tlmt moment tbe Intch of tho outer door 
was lifted, but it was sufTcrcd to fall again. They 
l)rohably wished lo confer longer among 
thcmselvca. 

" Have it all your own way, Ilamiah Braxon," 
said the unhappy mother ; "only save him." 
'• You give the promise?" 
" Yes— yes." 

"That is well. Now sit down and appear 
calm. If they ask you if your son has come 
home from sea, tell them the truth." 

Tbe door was thrown open ere lUo words had 
\ch his lips, and a number of hard, resolute 
looking men, headetl by a lieutenant, rushed into 
tho room. A glance would have sofliced to 
show that no siitlering, no entreaty, could cause 
them to swerve from what an arbitrary law had 
made their duly. 

" Yon are the man, I believe," said the lieu- 
tenant, addressing Braxon, with a look and tone 
of severity, " who sent us on a fool's errand." 

" I directed you to wbcro I was told bis sweet- 
heart lives, naturally supposing that as soon as 
supper wos over, he would bo attracted thither. 
You thought tho same. 1 suspect, or you would 
have come here in the first place." 

The man, without making aoy reply, turned lo 
Mrs. Cline. 

" Is Walter Cline yonr son ?" he asked. 

" lie is," she replied. 

"Ho came home cajly this morning, I'm 
informed." 
"Ho did." 
"Whore is he?" 
" 1 don't know." 

" Let me tell you lhat quibbling and equivo- 
cating wont pass current with us. Wo are on 
tbe king[s business, and mean to peiform it 
faithfully." 

Ho made a sign to his men, and they com- 
menced to .search the house. It was a task easily 
accomplished. Tho attic and two or three clos- 
ets, lo all of which thcro was ready access, were, 
as \vti3 soon apparent, tbc only places which 
could atVord even temporary concealment. 

" He iMi't far off, lhat is certain, according to 
tho information we've received, and we shall take 
measures to guard against his escape from the 
neighborhood. So you sec, ma'am," pursued 
the lieutenant, again turning to Mrs. Cline, " it s 
no U'C to try to throw dust in our eyes. The 
longer he's k^pt oul of the w ay, the more trouble 
there'll bo for you and him, and all of us; but 
we shall be sure to find him at last." 

" I have already told you," said Mrs Cline, 
" that I don't know where my son is. That is 
the truth, and I can say nothing more." 

Braxon, who had ideated himself by the fire, 
to all appcaiancc, regarded the whole aflair with 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



indiffercnco. When the men were abom lo with- 
draw, he spoko to the lieutenant. 

" Going to Scorcsliy's ?" he said. 

" Tes, wo shall take up our fiaiirtcre there 
to ni§ht." 

" rii go over with Tou." 

"Is this fcUow we are in pursiiit of your 
nephew V 

" No, he's nothiog to me. As far as I «m con- 
cernepi, I am m willing his next voyage should 
be in a ship-of-war as a mcrchftulman." 

" I will look to you for lulvicc, then, as to the 
hest means of preventing him from giving us ihc 
slip." 

" Nothing can he easier, if you will follow my 
directions, wliith I will explain to you, on our 
way (o Sconjsby B," 

Wo will now leave the unsuspectitig lieutenant 
to listen to such directions us will best suit Brax- 
on's purpose ; while the poor sailor boy in his 
uncomfortable hidinf; place trembles at every 
noise, and his mother, quite ns much to be pitied, 
passes a wretched and sleepless night. 



CIIArTER ir. 

TUB SOLITARY HUT, 

North of the Tweed, some thirty or forty 
miles, were a poup of miserable, uninhabited 
huts, Pome of them without cliinineyB, all with- 
out the luxury ol flass windows, and with their 
eloiting roofi reacliinp within two or three feet of 
the ground. They stood in a solitary place, half 
a mile from the high roa l, and wcreformcrly oc- 
cupied by a hand of gipscys, whenever their va- 
grant habits led them to that [lart of the country. 

At an earlier period, these huts could bo ap- 
proached by a bridle path, which, now, in many 
places, was so obstruc'cd by bushes and briers, 
OS to seriously impede the progress of a foot- 
person. 

The same evening that the incidents took place 
related in the latter part of the foregoing chap- 
t<;r, a woman of thirty, large and masculine, and 
with strong, harsh features, was sitting by afire 
in the lea^^t dilapidated of the huts. The lire bad 
burnt so low that the eoula were nearly concealed 
by the ashes which had erept over them, though 
occasionally there was a slight scintillation, 
which gave a glimpse of the damp and squalor 
of the wretched apartment, 

" He should have been here by this time," she 
muttered to herself, after sitting silent and mo- 
tionless for half an hour. 

In a lew minutes footsteps were heard ■without. 
She gave the coals a stir, throw upon them a few 
dry sticks, and after fanning them into a hiaxc, 
lit a lamp. The interior of the hut was now 
plainly lo be seen. In one corner was a pile of 
dry leaves covered with a coarse blanket, and on 
this lay a sleeping child. 

"So you've come, at last," said she. "I've 
been expecting you this hour." 

" I lost my way. Is he asleep 1" 

" Tes," she replied, " and I dare you to touch 
a finger to him." 

As she said this, she rose from, the low, three- 
legged stool on which she was sitting, and with 
her large black eyes glittering like coals of fire, 
placed herselt directly in front of the rude 
couch on which the child was lying. 

" Why, what's come over you, Sib ? You look 
like a Fury." 

" There's murder in your heart, Bart Finch- 
ley. Didn't I hear what Ilnniish Braxou said 
to you ? And didn't I hear you promise lo do 
his bidding ? ' 

" I needed lite gold, Sib, though it wa'n't 
much that he could give me. BiU making a 
bargain and slicking to it are two thiDgs. Step 
u little aside, I want to look at the child. I 
haven't seen him yet." 

" Stand back — I've no faith in you." 

" Do you think I'm a fiend in human shape, 
Sib 1 I've no more ivish to harm the little fel- 
low than you have. Much as I needed the 
money, when ho put it into my bund and wliii- 
pered in my tar what he wished me to do, I fijU 
like dashing it to the ground, and trampling it 
under my feet," 

" If you had as good reason as I have to hate 
Hitrnish Braxou, and to almost woraliip Hugh 
Danbridge, the child'a father, I might believe 
you." 

"I bear Braxon no good will — that you may 
bo certain of. But what's to be done with the 
little fellow?" 

" That's my affuir." 

" I am glad to hear yon say so. All I ask of 
you is to be cautious." 



" I doo't need to be asked anyihini; of the 
kind. I should be a simpleton lo be otherwise 
than cauiious." 

"You may well say that. If Braxon should 
find ihut I'd broke faith with him, ho'd bo on mv 
track like « sleuth hound, and you wouldn't fare 
much better. He lins gipsey blood iit his veius, 
though few suspect it, and he never fi>rj;ives. 
But I'll bo off. i-iucc you choose to manage iho 
matter yourself." 

" You've « long imnip befoi^ you, eind hotter 
cat and drink first," said she, removing n clean 
cloth which was spread over the remains of a 
loaf of brown bread, some dried salmon, and a 
flaik of ale. 

"It wont bo amiss," he replied; "but I 
should like something a little belter than two- 
penny ale. Ill the Tneantime, pick out a few of 
the meanest of the little Danbridgo's clothes, and 
let me have tlio rest." 

" What are you going to do with 'cml" 
"Deliver 'em up to Braxon, according to or- 
ders. IIo was obliged to have 'cm sent, you 
know, for fear of exciting the woman's sus- 
picion." 

" So ho ia going to keep the best for his own 
bantling." 

" Of course, seeing he's going to pass him oft' 
for Mr. Danbridge's son." 

"I should rather that they would be burnt 
than that Hamish Braxon's child should have 
the wearing of 'em. I'm glad you got Tony to 
bring 'em here, at any nit«," she muiiered, bolow 
Iier breath, as she buried herself in looking over 
the clothing, and selecting such as she chose to 
keep. 

AVhcn she had finished, there were two piles of 
a size neariy ecpial. One she returned to the 
trunk in which they had been packed ; the other, 
containing among oUier things a coral necklace, 
and the India shawl wliich had belonged to the 
child's mother, and which Mrs. Cline had 
wrapped round him to shield him from the cold 
night air. 

" Well, Sib," said Finchley, " you've helped 
youi-sclf pretty liberally, I should say. When 
you're dressed up in that shawl and some of the 
other finery, I shall have to call you Miss Finch- 
ley, I suppose." 

" If I've hol]ied myself liberally, 'twill make 
your load the lighter," she replied. 

" If Braxon don't mias "era and find fnult, I'm 
sure I don't care." 

" Let him find fault if he chooses ; but he 
wont daro to when he finds thai I overheard 
what he scarce ventured to say to you, bad as 
you arc. Were it not that you're my brother, 
Bart Finchley, Mr. Danbridgo should know all 
before I'm a jear older, if I was obliged lo cross 
the sea for it." 

" It's well for me that lam your brother then." 

lie now rose from the rude table and took up 
the trunk, which was so light that he could easily 
carry it. 

" I shall luk you no questions, Sib," said ho. 
" You can, as best suits your purpose, he hold, 
wary or cunning, and I shouldn't wonder if you 
have need of all three of these qualities by the 
time you get through with what you've under- 
taken." 

The child still slept, and as soon as he was 
gone she resumed her sent by the fire. After a 
while she went to the door and looked out. The 
air was clear and frosty, and though there was no 
moon, she knew by the position of the stara that 
it was not far from eleven o'clock. 

" There will be none too much lime," said she, 
taking the coral necklace and examining the 
plain gold clasp. " Grace Danbridge learnt me 
the Kick of it herself, the first time she over put 
it round her child's neck," she added, uncon- 
sciously continuing to soliloquixo to herself. 
I'ressiRg the edge of the chi^p as she spoke, the 
upper part of it (lew back, and disclosed a lock 
of brightj silky hair, through which gltamcd the 
Iclters P. D., enamelled in gold on a blue 
ground. She iheu took Irom a capacious pocket, 
such as was worn in those days, a sheet ot paper 
soiled and crumpled, and a brass inkstand, with 
its pyramidal toii tightly screwed on, and answer- 
ing the double purpose of a pen-holder, and of 
preventing the escape of the ink. Not being 
deeply versed in the art of committing her 
thoughts to paper, it was not without many biota 
and erasures that the succeeded in writing as 
follows : 

"Though the nurturing of the child, with 
whom these lines are found, will make present 
tiouble, it will bring pood fortune in the end to 
the person whose Iiaudi he may fail into, who 



ha* the heart to use him well The pood fortune 
must ho waited for palicnilv ; it may be ten, fif- 
teen or even twenty Te«rs.' This do not forget 
licmember, too, thai dismal will the weird ho ot 
whom.'ioever, be it man or woman, thai refuses 
him ft home, or giving him one, should dare to 
treat him ill. Guunl the coral necklace round 
the child"* neck as yon would the apple of juur 
eye; for the golden tbreail wliiih must brii;hten 
his destiny and jonrs, will W wantinc if thai Imj 
lost. At>ove all, treat not what is hero written as 
idle words." 

Folding the paper, she canfnily sewed It to 
the inside cf the child'-s night drc5s. Then 
clasping the string of coral boads areund his 
neck, and warmly wrapping him in flannel blan- 
ket.'!, Rho took him in her arms and left the hut. 
It was now pa-H midnight. She struck into tho 
path which led to tho highway, and though bur- 
dened wi;h the weight of the child, she walked 
rapidly, for she wished to reach tho road in sea- 
son to intercept a certain earner on hi* way to 
tho first post-town. She was just in.iimo, hav- 
ing, as she intended, emerged from tho gloouiv 
and bivkon path before tho carrier came in sight, 
though sho could plainly hoar the distant rumb- 
ling of hia cart-wheels. Sho waited for him to 
come up. Tho child showed signs of waking, 
but ehe succeeded in quieting him. Tho carrier, 
seeing that some one appeared to ho waiting for 
him, checked his horses when ho urrivad opposite 
to whore sho stood. 

" Which road do you go lo night 1" sho naked. 
" The one that passes by llolwolPa." 
" Have you any passengers T" 
" Not a single individual." 
"I wish to go as far as Uolwell's," suid she, 
handing him tho faro. 

" Ilighi," said ho ; " I handle too many bits 
like this lo need ligbno dctermino their value. 
I'ass along your bundle, ma'am, and then you'll 
have no trouble in climbing into tho vehicle." 

" I shall have nono with it," was her answer; 
and the next minute she had taken her scat be- 
nc.ith the canvass covering o( the curt. 

" When does the Liverpool coach start from 
hero V she inquired of the carrier, when they ar- 
rived at IIolwoU's. 

"In abont fifteen minutes." 
It wanted half an hour of daybreak, and en- 
tering the room where several pa.«scnger3 were 
waiting for the coach, she took ascat in the most 
obscure corner, and scanned the countenance of 
each, with looks of keen inquiry, 

"There's not one here 'tnill do to IroBt htm 
with," was the thought she entertained. 

The time was fast slipping away, when a gen- 
tleman and his wife entered whoso ap|iearanoe 
pleased her. She soon found thol ihcy wore go- 
ing to Liverpool. The next minute tho word 
came that the coach was ready. Sho waited till 
two or three of the pa.sfiengers had taken their 
seats, then boldly going up to the coach door sho 
held out tho child to a good-natured looking 
young man, who had taken his place on the 
forward seat. 

" Will you please take him V eaid she ; " his 
mother and nurse will he hero in a minute." 

The young man mechanicallj' held out his 
arms to receive him- 

"I suppose," said he "that the child belongs 
to the family who aro going to Liverpool ?" 
" Yes," she replied, and turned quickly away. 
Faint glimmerings of day were already visible 
in the cost by the time the other passengers had 
taken their pla<'e«. The young man who had to 
obligingly taken charge of the child, ho uncere- 
moniously thrust upon him, remained quiet for 
some tiuTiO aficrthe coach had started, expecting 
every moment to bo relieved of hia task. 

Nothing was taid, however, by tho lady he 
supposed to be the child's mother, or by a good 
looking woman, apparently a little older, whom 
ho took to bo the oursc. ile noticed that they 
often spoke to each other, in toncx inaudible ex- 
cept to themselves, at the same lime casting 
quick, furtive glances towards hlmiielf. 

The constrained position, impofied by what to 
him was eo new uud awkward u tat^k, began at 
last to be almost unendurable. It was not long 
before the child began to grow rcsUt:ss, and was 
soon decidedly awake, ilis hopes revived. The 
nurse would certainly oiler to take him now ; hut 
he was not long in ascerluiniog thot she bad no 
such intention. His patience was thoroughly 
exhausted, and he determined, in a delicate way, 
lo hint at her delinquency. 

" As the child has finished hii nnp— a pretty 
long one, I ihiuk — I may as well give him up to 
you now," said he, directiog hia speech to the 
supposed nurse. " He may he afraid of me, a 
I'm a stranger." 



" You can't be more ol a stranger to him than 
I am," waj her reply. 
" Aren't you his mirsol" 
" Certainly not." 

" But ;-ou aro his mother 1" ho said, addressing 
the lady who sot next her, 

" So far from it," she n-plted. " that ihvs is the 
first limo I ever saw htm ; but lot him belong to 
whom he will, he ii a beautiful child — don't you 
think so, Mr. Anvors 1 ' she asked, looking at 
her hu#band. . 

" I dou'i know how he could wxll bo more so. 
Yet, beautiful as he i^, llicro appear* to he no ouo 
to claim hini. Permit me lo inquire how he camo 
to ho in your carof" said he, addro-saing tho 
joung man. 

Tho story was soon told, and tho narrator, who 
gave his name as Georj^ lleath, was found to 
ho tho son of a merchanl well known to Mr. 
Anveni ; a circumstance which freed him ftoui 
tho suspirion which began to bo cniertsinod that 
he might bo an icnpo«lor. 

" I don't know," said tho young man, after a 
few minuics of silence and pcqilcxity, " but that 
I hud better lure some I'ouveyunce at the tint 
stopping place and Ako tho child back to Hoi- 
well's, if I can find a woman who will go with 
mo and take cure uf him." 

" At any rate," said Mr. Anvont, " it is noth- 
ng mure than right that you Hhould in the mean- 
time bii relieved from your onerous task." 

" It certainly is not," said Mrs, Auvcrs, " and 
if you please, Mr. Heath, I will tako my tffm 
first." 

" As respocis what you saiil about reluming; to 
Ilolwell's," remarked Mr. An vera, "Iain per- 
suaded that it will bo of no avail. Tho people 
there are undoubtedly as ignorant of the mother 
as we lu'o ; and as tu the woman, she wouldn't 
have ventured on so bold a project to get rid of 
tho child, if her plans had not be«o laid so ns to 
mako it neaily corttun that abe could escape 
detection." 

" When wo reach Liverpool you can got him 
into some orphan asylum," said tho woman 
Iloalh had taken for tho child's nurse. 

" Ves, I can do that," ho replied; and for tlio 
present Iho subject was dropped. 

Yet, llioagh nothing was said, tho remarkable 
beauty and gooil humor ol little Percy Dan- 
bridgo was doing Its silent work in hts favor, and 
by the time they arrived ul Liverpool, Mr. 
and Mrs. Anvers bad decided to give him their 
namu and a home. 



CHAPTER in. 



THE 911 II' W BECK. 



Mbrkly glancing at Mrs. Clino and her son, 
to say that in a few days tlicy were relieved from 
the terrors of tho presK gang, wo will follow Mr. 
Danbridge across the Atlantic. 

The Cornucopia, bound to Boston, arrived in 
duo season. Here Mr. Duubridj^c concluded to 
remain in company with sevi*ral of his fellow- 
passengers, while maturing corlainarrangenicnls 
for a pretty extensive exploration of Vlrgiuio, 
whore it vas his intention to purchane a largo 
tract of land should an opportunity oft'ur. 

About ten days subacquenl to his arrival, hav- 
ing, previous lo leaving hisniilivo land, engaged 
to transact some business for a friend with a 
person residing near the sea-coast, some twenty 
or thirty mile^ from iloston, ho einhuiked aboard 
a fishing boat, ax t!ie easiest mode of convey- 
ance ; the mavter having, for " a consideration, " 
cngai^ed to land him at the jilacu dc«ignutcd. 

There bad been several days of fino weather; 
but the morning the Sea (jull was to sa'd wns tho 
most beautiful there had been for tho season. 
The sky was without a eloud, and a silver bril- 
liance pervaded tho air. Those, however, skilled 
in signs denoting atmospherical changes, looked 
grave, and ]ircdicteJ that rough woalher waa 
near at hand. The frieuds of Mr. Danbridgo 
udviyed him lo defer his proposctl excursion to a 
season which promifcd to bo more auspicious. 

" Wh.it u your opinion, Korper? Ii this n 
weather breeder?" he inquired of the master of 
the liitle craft, who, at that moment, made his 
appearance on the wharf. 

" Well," replied Korpcr, " there'll be a change 
of weather eomeiimc between this and sundown 
— that's a p'int not to bo disputed ; but there'll 
be plenty of lime, and lo sptirc, to reach where 
you wish lo go first ; and where, if tlic weather 
looks threaiening, I shall find a snug littJc haven 
for iny boat, if I think best not to venture 
further." 



JALLOU'S 



PICTORIAL DRAAViyG-RQOM CQMPANIOy. 



•' But if iho chaogo «hould be sudden ?" said 

^■T^'S^ir^^^'rU fcarofthnt. A nor.hea.tcr 
is what m-'rt- lo look out for, and I «liuiiida t 
wonder if it Bliould prove lo be a one. 

" I'll po," said Mr. Danbrtdge. " I bo 
aa well tbore w hero." _ 

"Don't let what I influenco you too 
much." said Korper. "I can g.vo you another 
chance in n few dayfl." 




^ The b ee.6 wft« fre«h and f« r when the boat 

left the wharf. After a wh.lo it died away «o 

that they made h.it litlio headway, and .1 Wflfi 

almost sunsut when ibey i>iit 

into the cove, where ft short 

diHlaoce from the shore was 

a rnnall hamlet, wIiohc pro- 

prielors were mostly fiHlicr- 

men, an.l where, ft little 

farther inland, was the more 

pretcntioUN dwullinfr "f 

person Mr. Danbridpo wiwhcd 

to SCO. On inriniry, be found 

thul ho wiie absent from 

hoiuo, and conNeiinenlly h"d 

recourse to the one small inn 

of the place for shelter and 

refreshment. • 
Allhouch the wcfilern sky 

was still briKhi, iho silvery 
brillianco wliirb had nil day 

filled the ntmosphere. began 
to yivo place to ft rohl, j;ray 
look in the north and in»t, OM 
if a thin, gftu/y vapor waa 
Bprcod over tbal portion of 
the heaveuH. Mr. IJnnbridyo 
Btood on a slight elevation 
near the uhore, to watch the 
moNi gorgfouH KunsDt he bad 
fver witnessed, A pile ot 
purple and crimson cloudw, 
glowing here and there willi 
dasbofl of golden splendor, 
formed A vivid contrast with 
the dear azure of the upper 
sky. Nor wa« iho sea scarce 
loss roHplondcnt tliaii the 
wcHtom heavens, long lines 
of sparkling rndinnco boing 
ihrovni upon the waves hy 
the sinking sun. Hot the dim 
haze darkening the north and 
cast, was now rapidly ap- 
proaching the zenith, and at 
mlervalM tbore wan a heavy 
gust of wind, which, having 
spent il« fury, died away into 
low and hollow moans. 

"I know 'twould ho a 
northoasler," ^aid Korper, 
approaching the spot where 
Mr. Danhridge stood ; " and 
if siguft don t fail, 'twill ho 
moro'n cipiftl to anything 
we've had of lal«." 

"The sea fowl are on tlio 
wing, seeking .ilieltcr," saivl 
Mr. Daubridgo. 

" Yej», and they're never 
out in ibcir reckoning." 

Several fishing boat-s bring 
expected lo arrive, iii iho 
crows were principally made 
up of men belonging to the 
hamlet, their friends bad nn- 
ftombled on ihe 1)0Ui'li, anx- 
iously wiitibing for ilioir ap- 
pL'urance. The night shadows 
were deepening. The pile of 
clouda, whitli in their mag- 
iiificenro bad i-cecntblcd a 
jewelled palace, had now 
turned to a black, sullen 
miu^s, e.\ctpi that here and 
there, through some rift, 
shouo a light, red and riery, 
which shed a lurid glare upon 
the darkening scene. One 
of the fi^hiug boatA could 
now bo eeen in the offing, 
and in a short time two 
more. 

" Thev are all that arc ex- 
pected, 1 believe,'' said Kor- 
per, "and always excepting 
the Sea-GuU, ar« among the 
swiftest and safest cnift that 
are afloat. If tboy were not, 
the men, women and cbiU 
dren you see yonder, so lmf- 
neslly watching them, would 
Btand litllo chance nf over 
again meeting Ihoso aboard of 'em," 

At this momt^nt a furious gust swept by, whirl- 
ing atuit the loose dry sand, and nearly blinding 
tliem. 

■' Look," said Korper, when the gust had spent 
itself. 

Mr. Danhridge looked in the direction indica- 
ted, and saw, at a considorablo di'tanco from the 
tbore, a long, narrow Khi t'i of foam. 

" Ai^eef f'said Mr. Danbridgo.inturronstivcly. 

" Yes, the same I pointed out to you, replied 
Korper. "Many a good ship has gone to pieces 
on it, and all on hoard perished." 

" There will he no danger of the fishing-boats." 

"No, 'twould take a harder gale than this to 
drive one of tbem upon it ; but it's different 
wth a heavily lailen merchantman." 

The lurid line ol light, occasionally breaking 



ibrouch lh« inkv cloud in the west, had now 
K n l the darkness of night had fa 1 en or. 

e t oublcd waters. Many «f ^'"^ 
neither friends nor relations ahoiird the lK.at6. 
w( i h%ild and gloomy .is wa* the w.«lhc 

^ow considered in liule or no danger. 1^^^^ 
the bc-ach and sought ibeir homes. Mr. Dan 
ridgc. a..rompanicd by Korner, who hrs .wept 
li^e l^ri.0.1 with his nrght-g/a««. ra'"''ne<i to the 

'"a thick, heavy mist had comracnced falling; 
which made the 'fire burning in 'he wide .nouthed 
(ire-place of ibe ftparlmcnt which served the 
double purpose of fiar-room and r''"'^ 
rnliarly pleasant and rbcerful. 'Jj''^ 
arrivrd" there was a lull in the galo, and Mr. 
DTnbridge remarked that he thought the worst 
of the storm was over. 



said Korper. " A northeaster is a wind that isn't 
lit w Tl rid of. any more than the old man ol 
'he^sea, that fastened him^elf lo the hack of S.n- 

''"m? D^nSge placed bis light on the table, 
and resumed hihcai by the rire. Tbo wmd con- 
linucd to blow with liitle .essation. 

"■Well" said tbo hiiidlord. who had been a 
Bfldor hinisclf. " I-m glad our neighbors l"Vve had 
ti,„« to reach the .bore ; for even Ihe h hing- 
boai.0, light and hiioyaui as they are, could have 
hardly weathered this. Do you remember the 
mcrcfiantman. Bmiller, that struck on the reef 
and went to pieces, just two y«ar8 ago this very 

"'^''l shan't (orgct it soon," replied the old sea- 
man who was the person addressed. "Joe Lory 
perished that night. We wore the same us 




STREET SCENE IN LAHORE, INDIA. 



"Not much hope of that," said an old, 
weather beaten seaman, who entered in time to 
hear the remark. " What do you Bay, Cap'n 
Korper?" 

" Thfti it's galhcring its toroes, and before long 
will burst uptm us with redoubled liiry." 

"At any rnte," said tbo seaman, " 'twill give 
tbo boats a chance to arrive and be safely 
sheltered." 

Nearly hall an boar had passed, and still 
nothing was heard of the wind, cxccjit now and 
then a low, wailing sound, like tbc voice of some 
troubKd spirit. Mr. Danhridge rose, and culling 
for a light, said that bo would retire to his room. 
He was about to withdraw, when a gust of terrific 
violence struck against the house, and forced 
o]ien Ihe outer door. 

" 1 ihougbt I wasn't wrong in my reckoning," 



brothers to each other. I never met with another 
like him, and never expect to." 

He and the landlord went on speaking of the 
sliipwreck, when the deep voice of a cannon was 
plainly heard mingling with the roar of the storm. 

" A signal of distress," said Korper, starling 
to his feet, and snatching his hat from the peg 
where he had hung it. 

" Wait a moment, and I'll go with you," said 
Mr. Danbridi;c ; and ho hastened to put on his 
overcoat, wbii h ho buttoned to the chin. 

Brailler had risen without saying a word, and 
stood with his hand on the door-latch. 

" Take my advice, Mr. Danhridge," said Kor- 
per, "and remain where you are. You aint hard- 
ened to such rough weather, and can't stand it 
as Braillerand I can. The wind is strong enough 
to take a person off of bis feet," 



The report of another minute con at that mo- 
ment came booming along, mingliog sadly with 
the shrieking ot Ihe blast, which, as it drove by, 
shook the house lo iUi foundation. 

" I am moru of a sailor than you imagme me 
to be," baid Mr. Danhridge, in reply to Korper. 
" I always loved the water, and from a boy have 
known how to manage a boat. Who knows but 
that I may aid in aaving some one, who might 
otherwise perish 

The landlord now made his appearance, fur- 
nished with boathooks, and such other articles as 
might prove useful in such an emergency. He 
was followed closely by his wife, with a large 
roll of blankets, wrapped in a piece of canvass 
to shield them from the storm. 

" Some one must take these," said she. " for I 
shall never forget tbo poor man who perished 
with the cold after being res- 
cued from the water, because 
everybody was so thought- 
less. ' 

The distance to the beach 
was short, and they were 
among the first to arrive. 
The while foam cresting the 
waves could be seen through 
the gloom, and the flash of 
the minute gun served to 
show that a vessel was 
stranded on the dangerous 
shoal which has been fulnded 
to. The vessel itself, now 
that the precise spot where it 
stnick was ascertained, could 
be dimly descried. 

" The ship that Joe Lory 
was in went to pieces in less 
than ten minutes after she 
struck," said Brailler ; "and 
tho quicker a boat is launched 
for to go to the rescue the 
better." 

" In my opinion 'twill be 
tempting Providence to try 
to reach tho wreck," said a 
man who stood near. 
" There's no boat here that 
can do it in such a storm as 
this. It would be swamped 
before it could go twice its 
own length." 

" Any common boat would, 
I grant," said Korper, "but 
the Sea-Gutl isn't a common 
one. It will skim over tho 
tops of the waves almost as 
well as the bird she's named 
for. Come, lend a hand, my 
boys," speaking lo llio men 
composing his crew, "and 
you too, Brailler. We'll 
soon have her alongside ot 
the wreck." 

It may bo doubted whether 
tlie little craft ot which Kor- 
perwas so proud, would have 
made good tho praise ho be- 
stowed upon it, had not the 
wind, after raging several 
minutes with a violence more 
terrific than ever, suddenly 
dropped down to an almost 
breathless silence. 

"Now's our time," said 
Korpor ; and in a few seconds 
they were ready to push olT 
from shore. 

At the moment they were 
about to do so, Mr. Dan- 
bridge sprang aboard. Tho 
lost signal gun had been fired 
half a minute perhaps pre- 
vious to the lull of the tem- 
pest ; and Mr. Danhridge, 
though he did not mention it, 
imagmcd, deafening as waa 
the roar ot the wind, and the 
noise ©f the boiling surf, that 
almost at tho same instant 
bo heard a piercing shriek, 
which souniied like a wo- 
man's voice. 

" There should have been 
another minute gun before 
now," said Brailler. 

"That's what I think," 
said Korpor. 

A few moments' silence 
succeeded,while each listened 
for the hoped-for sound. 
Korper, then, still without 
speaking, looked through his 
glass. 

" 'Tis as I feared," said 
he. " The 8hip is no longer 
in sight." 

" She has gone to pieces," 

said Mr. Danhridge. 

" Yes, thai last heavy gust was too much for 
her ; but some of the unfortunate crew may yet 
be saved." 

The clouds were already breaking, and objects 
which had been shrouded in impenetrable gloom 
began to be discernible. As they drew near the 
shoal, bales and boxes, and pieces of the wrecked 
ship were seen driving towards ilie shore, or 
caught by some adverse current, went shooting 
by with tho speed ol the wind. 

Brailler was at tlie helm, and knew how lo 
take advantage of the eddies and conHicling 
currents. The boat was soon brought close to 
the lee side of the shoal in a shallow and com- 
paratively smooth expanse of water, just outside 
of which diflerent tides hurrying to meet and op- 
poBe each other, tonned adangerous eddy. Just 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



5 



the boat was entering this comparatively safe and 
sheltered spot, Mr. Danbridge ciiught sight of 
some dark object floRtinfj towards the outlet. It 
was so near the boat, that bending quickly over 
the side, he succeeded in arresting its progress. It 
proved to be a woman lashed to a spar, with a 
child clasped in her arms. They were soon 
taken aboard the boat and wrapped io some of 
the blankets, with which, by the thoughtful care 
of the landlady, they were well supplied ; Mr. 
Diinbridge having first succeeded in disengaging 
the child from the rigid aud tenacious clasp of 
the arms in which it was enfolded. 

While attempting its release, as for a moment 
he placed his hand on the heart of her who lay 
ED still and death-like, lie imagined bo delected 
a slight tremor. Sig:n8 of life be found to be 
still more apparent in the child, which he held in 
his arms, after seeintrtbat the 
mother was placed in a posi- 
tion to he fibcltercd from the 
wind and waves. 

Such search as they were 
able to make for others, who 
they thought might l>e near 
the place where the vessel 
went to pieces proved un- 
availing ; while the loud calls 
made from time to time by 
those in the boat remained 
unanswered. 

" It's of no use to make 
further search," said Korper. 
" Besides, if we rcmaiu much 
longer, aid for the two we've 
rescued may come too late," 
"Isn't that a piece of the 
wreck yonder, cap'n 1" said 
Brailler. 

" Yes, I should say so, and 
a pretty large one too. It 
has been whirled to the 
north'ard by some of the ed- 
dies which are so plenty 
about here, and now seems 
to be drifting towardsshorc." 

" If my eyes don't deceive 
rae, said Mr. Danhridge, " it 
carries a living freight." 

" Yo8, that is what it doeu, 
was the eager response of 
more than one. 

This time, though the wind 
was in a direction to carry 
the sound from them, they 
found that their hail was an- 
swered, and the course of the 
boat was so laid as to give it 
the best chance of intercept- 
ing the insecure float, every 
moment in danger of being 
submerged, in season to save 
it from being dashed to pieces 
ao-ainst the rocks, piled along 
that part of the const towards 
which they were drifting. It 
was not without imminent 
hazard to themselves that 
they succeeded in their en- 
deavor. Five men were 
found clinging to the frag- 
ment of the wreck— the CAp- 
tain, three of the crew, and 
a passenger, who proved to 
be tlio husband of tlw lady 
who had been so fortunately 
rescued. 

A part of the crew, when 
it was found that the ship 
must go to pieces, had suc- 
ceeded in lowering a boat; 
but intent only on their owa 
safety, pushed off without 
payin'' any attention to the 
command of the captain U> 
take the passengers aboard. 
It was fortunate for the latter 
that they were so selfish ; for 
the boat, after strugghng a 
few moments amid the wild 
vortex of the waves, disap- 
and was seen no 



STREET SCENES Vi LAHORE, INDIA. 

The accompanying street scenes in the fnmed 
city of Lahon:, were drawn upon the spot, and 
literally rendered without exafrgenitiun. We 
may therefore abandon ourselves without be-iiia- 
tion to the guidance of ihe artist, and he wafted 
in ima<:ination into the very hea-t o*" the Eiist. 
Tlicse street scene* are like scenes lU a theatre, 
so singular are tboy in character, and so do the 
houses jut forward on either side like the side- 
wings of the stage. Then the curious people 
pausing at the bazaars, or stalking solemnly 
along, the odd-looking children queerly mwtllcd 
np. the pet aniinalu roaminj: about the streets, 
the idlers in the projecting balcony of the cara- 
vanseria, all make up a livinc picture, weming 
like a histrionic pageant. Few cities have un- 
dergone the vicissitudes to which the capital of 



row. and ihc hoa»c<i lofty; the quarter for the 
slio^s or bazaars being scnarate from that in- 
habiied by the rich, whoso bouse*, within gnto", 
rwemhle Vrench hotels, haviu); ctiolosufvs nt the 
top.wiib laiiico work made of tiles for the accom. 
nii)dation ot the women, that they may enjoy 
the cool brec7.e in the evening without iho dan- 
ger of being overlooked. 

Almost ful the lucrative trade i« in the hands 
of llindoos. There is a vcrv large trade in corn 
and »ilk ; but it is inferior, noth in wealth and 
population, to Umritsir. When the whole of the 
Punjauh wo-t annexed, a large iniKlary station 
was formed in a suburb called Anarkullw, from 
a large lonil- which was occupied as the centre of 
the civil odministration, and still remains «o ; 
but the troops wer^ removed to Mcnnmoo, four 
miles off, where magnificent barracks have been 



more. 

Accommodations for tne 

ecntleman and his wifo, and 

Oieir child, were procured at 

one of the best of' the private 

houses, still nettrer the sea- 

fiida than the mn. lUe 

mother and child were at 

once conveyed to a comfort- 
able apartment, where those 

were in attendance who had 

learned by experience how to 

best lake'ftdvnntago of thoi-e 

signs of retu'ning animation 

already apparent. 

Mr. Danhridge, who had 
delivered the child up to a woman who met Uim | 
at the outer door, returned to the inn. where he 
learned that the wrecked vessel was from Luer- 
pool and that the name of the passengers who 
S saved was Anvers. Thus, without being 
aware of it, he had been the means of saving his 
own child from perishing in the waves. 

[to he continued ) 

Horn LiTY .-You lie nearest the river of life 
when YOU U-nd to it ; you cannot drink, but m 
yo^, t^p. The grain of the field, as it npens 
Lwa its bead ; so the Cbristian. i»s he r-pcns fo 
heaven, bends in tb,s lowly grate. Chn.t speaks 
of his people as " lilies "-they are " I'l'^/^ '5 
vallev '^thev can only grow in the shade. With 
;^is man will I dwell, even with h.m that is 
humble." 




STREOT SCENE IN LAHORE, INDIA. 



the Punjauh has been subjected. It '9 on the 
hitrh road from Central Asia to the neb plains of 
India, which have been ibe desire of every Mos- 
lem conqueror, and has seen the tide of conquest 
sweep backwards and forwards for ages, never 
itself, but for a brief period, a eovereign city^ 
Its brightest time was perhaps, that wlien 
.lehangir made it his winter quarters on returning 
from Cashmere ; and almost the on'y^'>°'^'l''?f 
of importance now remainmg date from thot 

■"TuUta present aspect wa;. given to it duriog 
the sovereignty of Kunjeet Smgb who bmlt the 
walls and ditch (about four miles round) to- 
geiher with the fortified palace ; and here he and 
L sirdars spent the intervals between their cam- 
ntaam in ihe grossest debaueherv. « is con 
almost entirely of brick, ttie strceu oar- 



built, and a fine military staUon formed but not 
before the great mortality among them had ren- 

dered it absolutely ne cessary. | 

PICTURE OF HT. GILES'S LONDON. 
From a hundred foul lanes and alleys have de- 
bouched, on to tlie spick and span "ev. prom^ 
«naile unheard-of human liorrorf. Gibbering 
fo^s'of men and women, in filthy rags, with 
S h^il. of shock hair, the roots bcgmmng an 
inch from the cye-brows. with the them- 
selves bleared and gummy with ga-^hes f iled 
with yellow fangs for teeth, with rt,ngh hole^ 
nrnehed in the nasal cartilage for nostrds w. h 
snmwline hands aud splay feet, lessclated with 
dKwil deformities.* wiih horrifying malfor- 
mations of Uie limbs and running sores ostenta^ 
displayed; Ghoale. and Afntes m a 



travMiic of human form, mttUng uncouth forms 
of (tpeecb in their vitrified throttles. Those hang 
about your foet tike reptile*, or crawl around you 
like loathsome vermin, and in a demoniac whiua 
beg charilv from yon One ean boar the men; 
f.rociou" and repulsive as they are, a penny and 
a thrwvt will oond them cowering and cursing to 
their noisome holes again. One cannot boar 
tht> women without a shudder, and a fevling of 
infinite »om>w and humiliation. They are so 
horrible to look upon, so ihonsugbly unscxod, 
shameless. Heaven abandoned and forlorn, with 
their bare liver colored feet healing the devil's 
tattoo on the pavement, their lean shouldeni 
sbruEi^'d up to their sallow cheeks, over which 
falls hair either wildly dishevelled or filthily mat- 
ted, and their gaunt" handu clutching at llic tnt- 
torod rwmnant of a shawl, whiih but sorrily veils 
tlio lamciniahli' fact that they 
have no gown — tlial a ragged 
petticoat and u moro ragged 
under garment ore all they 
have to cover ihemselTO* 
withal. With sternness and 
determination ono can bear 
these sights ; but heavens 
an*! earth I the little children I 
who swarm, pullulate — who 
scorn to be evoked from the 
gutter, and called up from 
the kennel, who cbimbcr 
ahoiit your knees, who lie so 
thirWIy iii your path that you 
are near tumbUng over ono 
of them every moment, who, 
ten limes raggeder, dirtier, 
and inon> wretched looking 
than their elders, with their 
babv luces rendered wolfish 
by privations, and looking a 
hundred yearn old, rather 
than Wn tiincn that number 
of days, fight and scream, 
whimper and fondle, crawl 
and leap like the phantoms a 
man sees during tlio access 
of delirium tremens. I du- 
dure that there are babies 
among those miserable ones 
— babies with the prcternat- 
urally wise faces of grown up 
men ; babies who, I doubt 
Utile, can lie. and steal and 
beg, and who, in a year or 
so, will bo able to fight and 
Bwear, and be m-ut to jail lor 
six months' bard labor. 
Plenty of the children are 
big enough to be " whipped 
and discharged." Yes ; that 
is the pleasant tce-totum ; 
"six months' bard labor ;'| 
*' whipped and discharged," 
the merry prologue to Port- 
land and tlio hulks, the hu- 
morous apprenticeship to the 
penal scttlemcul and the 
gallows. See the cliildren 
coming out of the gin shops 
and the pawnbrokers'. Ask 
the policeman whether every 
court in the vicinity is not 
full of thieves, and worse. 
Look at ih« lanes tbcmselvos, 
with the filthy rugs flaunting 
from poles in the windows 
in bitter moekcry of boiiig 
hung out to dry after wiuh- 
ing ; with it" belching door- 
ways, an<l tbrosholds littered 
with wallowing infants, and 
revealing beyond a liantean 
perspective of infective hack- 
yard and cloocan staircase. 
Peep. 08 well as you may 
for the dirt-obscured window 
panes, and sec the dens of 
wretchcdne«B where tlie peo- 
ple whose existence you ig- 
nore dwell— the sick and in- 
firm, often the dying, some- 
times the dead, lying on the 
hare floor, or. at best, covered 
with some tattered scraps of 
blanketing or matting; the 
shivering aged crouching 
over firelcss grutes, and 
drunken buBbonds bursting 
through the rotten doors to 
seize their gaunt wives 
the hair, and brniso their 
already swollen faces, be- 
cause they have pawned what 
few rags remain to buy gin. 

TACT ANI> TALENT. 
Talent is something ; bat 
tact is everything. Talent is 

3rt^:irum.«ri^ta tLefu^ 

,bows a man his wj^y'""?^? .^J 'thr "ugh t^ 
in society, for it shows h.m h. j 
worid. Talent IS power— ui^^ -" 



worid. Talent is P^^^'-'-^Vfeurknows what 

man respcctab e-tat wiU ma r^^^ 
talent 18 wealth— tact IS r^.ouy •'^ ^^igg jt 
,l,c .pmctical purpo.e> ° f ;„ r,.i,«, <^ 



BALLOU'B PICTORIAL miAWl^i^^^J^^^ 



[WritUin for Uallou'e ricWrial-I 
SONG FOR THE PAY. 

BT FB-l-'Cia A. WftlTAdS. 

Mingle light nnd Bliadow— 

A tear for Kifty-Bight! 

Aumllcfor Fifty-Nine.' 
I^y the poor oU fell*" 

In his pHiM wllh 
Strikijupt'lr*'""^'"'"" 

For the jolly I'fJri 

SJowly. 'pfo"' "''»'''>'• 

Toll thif fiinfral knoll ! 
Quirk: ftiuwry vollny 

From tht' nmrrliifl'- biO). 
MouniPfs In the rlnircliynrJ- 

ri(lJI''M til H'" lii'll— 
Thofc tlie qiK^r BDccBsaloo 

On thU rollluB l*""- 

IIoTweT'ittcJ iillpfe-innPO 

Unto Ifirty-ElKht! 
IIow ve "coff lliu liftldtiowt 

Of 111? fnllt-n s'"'''-'' 
FJfly-Nlnu, ttio iktnr'. 

Ili-'s tlic Uiitg lo-'liiy— 
An for that olil iLigmi 

Tftke IiU Iwni-s away ! 

TliOB, ftcrosB the water. 

When a sftTOfulg:n tlti-*, 
Notftcourtlitr lingers 

Where htn corpuB llv. 
All ftt oiicc Ibey fcnltcr— 

BirilH upon the wing— 
Iflyol onllis to prolfor 

To nnotber hlug' 

W'v of conrpc iiiu?t follow 

Pollchol Huroprnns. 
In their mouruing hollow, 

111 tlU'lr lo paans .' 
Who'd bu out of fnnlilon? 

IIaUo till' merry Bliout! 
Flfty-NInu la i" ; 

Flfly-Elglit Is 011/ ' 



[Wrllt«ii for Biillou's Plclorliil.] 

Adventiu'cs oh the Const of Africn. 

KUMBEB 3. 



BT WALTER OLABENCB. 

A dmd cahn at sm—A negress and her infitut 
,.h;i(J—r>isroi'eii/ 0/' a teat- rlot/f/cd vmd—An 
iinliirhj shol—A rc'scw—A cuoliiir—Dlscuvirij nf 
S/uiuisli (loubloims— Trial and i\twiitivii al .Surra 
Iaqiic of tilt' s/dLW. 

Cape Talmas looming in the (lintaiiro, not 
tlirough a fog, hut tlirough t!ie hov.o rising from 
tlio water, oLCusioncd hy iho inti-iise liont ot tho 
sun. Demi calm 1 Not n Ineiitli of wind to 
nifflo llio surface of llie orean ! The sea smoolb 
ftnd gliissy, reflecting iho sttiooricr, in au inverted 
])Osition, hull, masts, spars tuul ripL'infr. even to 
tho most slonilcr cordage, as if a vessel, modelled 
after tho Alert, were attacheil to our kc&l, tho 
sloudor, tapering mabt-honds pointing downward 
into tho unfathomable deep. The vuddc 
lashed amidships, tho helmsman and (piarior- 
mastor are nt their posts— discipline rci|uirea 
that ; but they arc louniiing idly about, or look- 
ing listlessly over tho tallrail into llie deep blue 
water. 

The vessel'iJ head is swaying around to OV017 
point of the compass, as she listeth. The death 
like silence in air and sea is painfully opprossive. 
Not a sound is heard, save tho dnll. weary, monot- 
onous flapping of tho sails iigiiiust the masts, ns 
the schooner lazily vises and f-ills with the long, 
amooih swell, setting iu from tho northeast — a 
proof that the trade-wind is blowing strongly a 
few degrees further north. O. Ilmt we had a 
small portion of tho breeze, if it were ever so lit 
tie. Anything at all to oecupy our minds, for 
three days aud nights have passed away, uiul wo 
have not changed onr position a hundred yards. 
Now and then tho black fin of a huge sliark 
seen above the surface ot the water. A nnmber 
of these voracious monsters arc swiniiiiiug about 
tho vessel unmolested, notwilht-ianding jiick 
shark is termed " the sailor's natural enemy." 
We eau't uflord lo waste any more fut salt pork, 
for the sake of ca)»turing tho ugly hrut«s. The men 
aro clinging in the shrouds, or lounging about 
the decks, making believe to work, hut nobody 
mil, reully, work with such a sweltering sun over- 
head. Tho monkeys — we have at least a dozen 
pet monkeys on board, aro the only iiclive, rest^ 
less creatures on deck, and they luc tormenting 
the cat and a brood of young pigs out ot their 
lives. Puss, overpowered with the heat, is en- 
deavoring lo enjoy the vthm mut ditjniuuc, in the 
shelter of the hammoek-ncttings, but Joeko has 
espied her, and haa mounted tho rigging above 



|.cr whence he makes frequent descents, in order 
,0 .nllhcrt.ih ru.smcw«.«nd .pit., and darts 
forth her claws, but lo no purpose. Joeko, m a 
moment, is h«H a dozen railincs above her. only 
waiiir.' till she twi.^ts herself round, and, coiling 
herself up. composes herself to elccp. to perforin 
the irick over again. 

Three or four of J.u ko's companions ero ffiuk- 
in.'Mmihir demonstrations against the juvenile 
porkine brood, hanging on to their lails <>r h."d 
Ls, and wholly regardless of the ^qnoaU and 
sm, -gle.. of tho pig., nnd the remonstrulivc 
grunts of the old sow, who is looking on from ho 
pig.house with molhcrly .olieitude, ev^lcntly dis- 
Approving of the torment ,0 which her young 
flnily is subjected, whil. the monkeys them- 
selves maintain an a.pect of solemn gravity 
«.lnlc performing these antics-as if they cons.d- 
crcdthemselve-uobe most laudably eng-ged- 
which matcriallv enhances the ludicrousness of 
the scene. Pongo, the oumng-ootang, which we 
obtained from the Guinea co.ist-or. the clnm- 
panw-c, I should say-ourang-ootangs are only 
,0 be obtained fmm Borneo. Pongo, I say, is 
rented will, a handkerchief bound over h. 3 head 
in front of the dog kennel where he sleeps, look- 
ing at the gambols of the inferior monkeys with 
an undisturbed gravity of visage, as if he regard- 
ed them with contempt. Pongo is not of a play- 
ful disposition, and he holds himself aloof from 
tho common monkey tribe. However, there is 
now cause for hid solemnity. I regret to Bay 
ihnt Pongo is addicted to strong drink, and his 
master, tho doctor (not the c.ok), is prone, for 
tho fun of the thing, to indulge him in tins had 
Imbit. Pongo has swallowed two glasses ol rum 
since breakfast time, nnd is now— after the cs- 
nmplo of the human beings of whom ho is so 
ridiculous a caricature— assuming, in his cups, a 
ludicrous endeavor lo appear sober, fjr he n"//j 
u ashamed of himself on these occasions ; but ii 
is ol no avail, for his glassy eyes and unsteady 
sent loo clearly betray his weakness. There aro 
plenty of books in the cabin, but uar captuin ia 
not much addicted to reading. Ho is sitting on 
tho cabin skylight, weariness and dejection in his 
eye, engaged, for the sake of fixing his mind on 
Bomcih'ing-iu what ^ Aclually in the unofiicer- 
likc, unmanly occupation of knitting a pair of 
worsted muffatees for his wrists !-an art ho 
learned when a boy, under iho care of ft maiden 
aunt. The first lieutenant is gazing mournfully 
upon a flute which ho has held in his hand all tho 
morning, hut haa not life enough left in him to 
play. The remaining ollicei-s and crew of the 
watch, with tlio exception of the man on tho 
lookout aloft— who seems himself to have fallen 
asleep at his post— are looking at the gambols of 
the monkeys, and generally employed doing- 
nothing. 

At length tho mati at the masthead stirs him 
self, and raising a spyglass to bis eye. peers long 
and earnestly to seaward. Presently ho hails 
the quarlor dcck. 

"Uilloa, what isit1" cries the captain, start- 
ing suddenly to his feet, and dropping the mnf- 
fatces and a " stitch," at the same lime, while the 
fir.st lieutenant, equally eager for the man's 10 
l»ly, disposes of his flute by putting it into bia 
coat-]io(kct. 

"Tlier«is some black object out to seaward, 
sir, just visible. 1 con't well make out what it 



"A hoot, perhaps." 

"No, sir; it's not a boat. It's only a mere 
sjicck on tho water." 

' Pooh ! One of lliose cursed shark's fins, you 
siinplelon," says the disappointed captain, turn- 
ing on his heel. 

' No, sir, it's more like n man's head. There 
are two black specks viaiblo now." 

'■ Bring me my spyglass, steward ; quick, 
man," says the captain. 

Long and aiixioubly ho scans the horizon he- 
foro he can discover ibo object of which h« is in 
search. At Icnglli he perceives it. 

" I don't know what lo make of it," he says. 
" Take the glass, Mr. Munay, and see what you 
Ihiuk of it," addressing the first lieutenant. 

"It does appear like ihe head of a man— yes, 
now I can sec two objects." 

" Perhaps a spar that's got sodden hy beiii 
long in tho water," continued the captuin. 
However, we'll see. It'll he ft lough pull for 
tlie men. Confound this calm ! But we'll send 
a boat after it." 

A quarter-boat wus lowered and the crew, com- 
prising six bauds, was dcspaiched under tho 
command of the boatswain. TIte weather was 
so hot, and everybody so la/.y, that no superior 



ofiicer disputed the command. Probably it 
would turn out nothing hut a sodden spar, or an 
emptv barrel, i:ficr nil- 

The object might have been any d is lance be- 
tween one and two miles from '^e srhooner 
The exact distance of so small on object seen 
ibrough the thin ha«> on the water, could not he 
calculated. . , 

The ofSccrs watched the boat's progress with 
,he aid of their spyglasses. She reached tho 
mysterious object, and they saw two of the men 
lif? it carefully into the boat. SliU they could 
not make it out. It appeuied to have two heads 
like to the heads of hum«n beings, but the bulk 
of the bodvwasoutofallproporlion.and there 
w.;« only one pair of legs. However, the boat 
wiLs pulled back to the schooner, and then the 
mystery was solved. The men returned with 
two human beings, a ncg. o woman and her babe. 
The infant was tightly lioiind with a handker- 
chief to the body of its mother, nnd a life-preserv- 
er encircled both mother and child. Both were 
living, hut so utterly exhausted that a few 
hours-pcrhaps a .ingle hour's longer exposnre 
of tlic heads and the upper portions of the body 
to the intense heat of the sun, while the lower 
limb.s were in the water, would have terminated 
their suffering*. Both were unconscious when 
lifted to the deck of the schooner, but under tbe 
doctor's care they soon revived. Tho infant 
instinctively and greedily sought sustenance 
from its mother's breast, but in vain. Nature 
was exhausted. The woman made signs for 
waior, and when it was brought to her she drank 
so greedily that the tin pannikin had to be forci- 
bly taken from her. Fortunately we had a eh© 
goat on board, and the first lieutenant, taking 
upon himself the duties of a nurse, administered 
a snfKeient quantity of goat's milk to the child, 
by dipping a piece of sponge into the milk, and 
then placing the saturated sponge in tho infant's 
mouth. 

Under almost any other circumstances, tho 
sight of the burly, black wliiskcrcd lieutenant, 
thus employed, 'would have been irresistibly 
ludicrous; but no one was inclined to laugh- not 
even young Ilalsey, the ever mischievous mid- 
shipman. The woman and child were worn to 
skeletons. One might have counted every bone 
in their bodies, and the shoulder blades and 
■ihs of the woman seemed ready to pierce through 
tho skin. They must have been a long while 
without sulRciont food, for it was hunger alone 
that had reduced them to this 'rightful condition. 
Otherwise, they were in perfect health. How 
long they bad been in the water, or how they 
came to bo so cruelly exposed, it was impossible 
to discover; for, although we bad two Kroomen 
and a Fishman from tbe coast, among our crew, 
none of these men could undei-stand the peculiar 
dialect of tbe woman, nor conld ^be unitei-sland 
the Kroo dialect. However, hut little conjecture 
was needed to explain the mystery to our own 
satisfaction. Mother and child had, doubtless, 
been thrown overboard by some slaver closely 
pressed, in hopes that the pursuer would, for Im- 
mauity's sake, arrest her course and pick up the 
wretched victim. This thought, and the sight 
of the poor lielpless creatures, touched the hearts 
of tlio rudest and most hardened araotig the 
sailors. 

A beitU was provided for the sufferers ; they 
were supplied with food and clothing, and both 
quickly fell into a sound slumber. 

Another long day and night of calm tvcather 
and smooth aea. Another dawn with the like pros- 
peet before us. We began lo fancy the waters 
of tho ocean were becoming putrid in conse- 
quence of this long stagnation. Tho surface of 
the sea assumed a aliiny appearance, and hideous 
greenish-colored masses of jelly like subslimce 
floated around the vessel or clung to her sides. 
Tho atmosphere seemed tainted as with ihcsiiicLl 
ot carrion ! 

But when the sun rose again, lo our great joy, 
a light air of wind sprang up from the eastward, 
ditfusing fresh lifo and imparting renewed activ- 
ity to all on hoard. It was very faint at firot, hut 
i\s the day grew older it freshened, and before 
noon we were bowling along before a ^ix knot 
breeze. 

S:iil ho 1" fioni the ma.sthcad. 
Where away!" was the response from the 
quarterdeck. " Perhiips," added tho captain, 
" it may be the slaver whose brutal ciew threw 
those poor wretches overboaid." 

"Eight aiiead, sir. Kiglit in the sunlight." 
Spyglasses were brought into requisiiion, and 
soon we could make out tbe upper sails from the 
deck. 



Set all the studding sails, alow and aloft, Mr. 
Murray," said tho captain. "We arc carrying 
the broew with us. We'll oyerhaul her if 
possible." 

" Can you make out what she looks like, my 
lad V hailing the man aloft. 

I can just see tho line of her hull," replied 
the man. " She's ' hove to ' I think, sir. From 
tho cut of her sails, I should say she was the 
Active." 

"Confound tho Active!" cried the captain. 
" She is always thwarting our hawse, when I 
WHS in hopes it was that infernol slaver, loo 1" 

He dashed his speaking iriirapet to tbe deck, 
and, after a habit be had when be was annoyed, 
passed his fingers through his hair, till it stood 
on end, like pig's bristles. 

" Blast them 'ere new cloths," muttered the 
old gentleman, .w"o vorc, calling to mind the 
trick played upon tho Alert by the Spanish 
slaver. 

" Mr. niggins," said the captain, sharply, glad 
to find an opporlunily to give vent to his ill tem- 
per, caused by the disappointment. " How of^en 
have I insisted that there shall bo no swearing 
aboard the schooner. You're ft petty ofiicer, and 
ought to set an example lo the men. Duty, sir, 
can ho carried on quite as well, and better, wilh- 
o^^vearing than with it. Don't let nio hear 
any more oaths, or by the — ." 

The captain quite forgot that he was apt to 
give expression to his feelings by swearing him- 
self when be was vexed, and he was about to 
conclude bis remonstrance with an oath, when 
tho humbled quarter- master saved the " record- 
ing angel" some trouble, by interrupting his 
sup;^rior, ore the profane word fell from his 
lips." 

"I beg yonr honor'.s pardon," said he. respect- 
fully touching bis cap. "Hopes you'll excuse 
me, sir, but I thought as how that 'ere Active- " 
" Well, well, Iliggins. Don't swear again, 
my man. As you suy, that Aclioe. Always 
crossing our path. It h excusable, by- 
thunder." 

" It may he another trick," the first lieutenant 
ventured to say. 

" Hardly probable, Murray," said the captain, 
smiling somewhat savagely. "At any rate u 
shrewd bird will not be caught a second time with 
chaff. However, we'll make sure." 
Again tho man aloft hailed the deck. 
"It is the hrig o'-war, sir. She's laid her 
main-yard aback and hoisied signals." 

The captain raised tho spyglass to his eye. 
" Have you seen any suspicious looking ves- 
sel," he read off. 

"It is the brig, " said he. "Mr. Ilalsey, hoist 
our colors and the negative signal." 

"I will lie to till you come up," was the 
response. ' 

In ft short time we were within speaking 
distance. 

"Have you seen anything lately?" inquired 
our captain, after the customary salutations had 
passed between tbe rival commanders. 

" Ay, 1 ch:ised a full-rigged barque four days 
since and came up with her. She was well 
armed and manned, and, by George ! the fellow 
showed fight — " 

" And got clear ofl'," sai'l our captain, chuck- 
ling to himself, half pleased to think that the 
Active had lost a priae. 

" Not exactly. We lost one man — killed— and 
the scoundrel wounded two others ; but I have 
reason to believe that we punished him severely. 
If I don't greatly mistake, tho barque is water- 
logged. It fell nearly calm toward dork, but I 
heard the chain-pumps going for hours." 

" How was it that you did not succeed in 
effecting a capture 1" 

"The rascal crippled us. Shot away both 
our topsail yards. Wo had to lie to all night 
and get up fresh sjiui-s, and at daylight uothing 
was to be seeu of tbe vessel." 

" It's been calm with us for five days," said 
our captain. "Never had such a weary time. 
By-the-by, I picked up a negio womaniind child 
tbe day before ye^terday." 

"Ha! They came from the barque, doubt- 
less. The fellow threw half a dozen negroo^i 
ovcrhoavd while we were in chaac. Two wu 
picked u]), and I saw three sink. What becanio 
of the other I don't know. 

" Do you tiiink ibfio arc any hopes of coming 
up with the slaver i" 

"Can't say. As I told you, I believe we 
struck her below her water line. I know slio was 
leaking fearfully. She may have foundered be- 
fore now." 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAAVING IIOOM COMrANION, 



The breeze was fichen'mg rapidly. The brig 
squared her main-Tftrd, and waving their Irum- 
pots iu loken of fnrewcll, the two coconiandcrs 
proceeded on their rcspcciivc courses. Wo slill 
hoped to be fortunate enough to overtake the 
slaver, although we could not be very sanguine 
after the report of the Active. However, two 
days passed away. We had stretched out a long 
distance from the laud, aiiJ, btdicving the slaver 
had eiilicr foundered or made good her escape, 
the captain re wived to haul the cchooiier to the 
wind, and return to his accustomed cruising 
ground. 

The orders wore actually given lo brace for- 
ward llic yards, when a hail from the topmast- 
head imnouni-ed a sail in sight to Iccwai-d. 

" Square away the yards aj^iin. Up slun'sails. 
Hoist every rag she'll carry," shouted the cap- 
lain, and in a few minutes we were again stand- 
ing on our former coui-se, wilh a staggering 
breeze astern. 

The cajHain looked anxiously around him, 
scanning the horizon ciirefuily, fearful lest the 
Active might be in si^'ht, and might also have 
espied the stranger. Bui the brig had hauled to 
tlio wind several hours before we bad done so, 
and was no longer vitihlc. 

"The stranger may prove a merchantman," 
said he, when satisfied with hU scrutiny; "but, 
jdcase Jupiter she prove the slaver. We''"^ got 
her all to ourselves." 

"Aloft there!" 

"Sir!" 

" What do yoH make of ber now, my man V 

"IcanBCO her hull, sir. She's deep in the 
water, and yawning about strangely." 

"The slaver, by Jove!" ciicd the captain. 
" Hand me the glass, Ilalsey." 

He took a long look at the vessel, now visible 
from the hammock-nettings, with the aid ol the 
spyglass. Hi3 scrutiny was satisfactory, imd 
springing to the deck, he gave orders lo the gun- 
ner to load and point tbe bow guna. 

The vessel was lying helplessly upon tbe 
water, and we neaicd her rapidly. Verj' soon 
wo were within g.inshot. The iuill was deep in 
the water and she was rolling heavily, her yards 
"untrimmed and her topsail-slicets flying loose. 
Her topgallant sailB, as well as her courses, were 
furled. 

" She's abandoned by the crew," observed tbe 
first lieutenant. 

"No. I can see men on her deck. What 
doas the impudent rascal mean by not hoisting 
his colors'! Give him a shot, gunner, to teach 
him manners." 

" Shall I point the gun athwart her bows, sir 7" 
said the gunner. 

" No ; tlio infamous scoundrel deserves uo 
mercy. Give it him point blank. Fire into his 
stern." 

Another moment and the sharp crack of tbe 
gun and the crash of timber were simultaneously 
heard. Then came a shriek, and a horrid yell of 
mingled pain and fright such as chills the blood 
to hear. 

" He got that full and sharp," said tbe gunner, 
proud of his aim, and forgeilul of humanity 
and every other feeling in the pride of bis 
profession. 

He was about to apply the match, anticipating 
the order, when the captain, who bad raised his 
Bpyglass to mark the mischief done, cried, " No, 
no." Hold, man, hold, for mercy's sake. By 
heavens ! I believe we've hit some of tlie poor, 
wretched negroes. The cowardly hounds have 
abandoned the ship, and left the poor creatures 
on board to go down with her. She's settling 
fast. Lay the main yard aback, Mr. Murray, and 
out boats. We'll not approach any nettrer with 
the schooner. But she'll Hoat for some time 
yet. Please God we'll save the poor slaves." 

Three boats were manned, the captain, first 
lieutenant and boatswain respectively taking 
command, the second lieutetmnt remaining in 
charge of tbe schooner. ^ 
A shocking sight presented itself to the boats 
crews whcu they hoarded the barque. The shot 
fired from the schooner had passed through the 
quarter-railing and had struck two negroes, who 
lay weltering in their blood, one quite dead, the 
other fast breathing his life away. A swarm of 
negroes of all ages and both sexes, all entirely 
destitute of clothing, lined the decks, manacled 
and fastened by tbe feel to the chain cable, which 
had been ranged, apparently for this cruel pur- 
pose, fore and aft, on both sides of the vessel. 

WiUi a refinement of demoniacal cruelty, tbe 
brutal commander of the barque, before aban- 
doning his vessel, with bis crew, had caused the 



negroes to be brooghl np from the hold, and had 
then secured them in such a manner, that whcu 
she sunk, as she was certain to do, ihcy must all 
go down with her. 

Pescending to the slave dock, they found forty 
or fifiv others, mo«tly women and cliildrcn, who 
were too sick and too weak to stand. These lay 
Bs thoy had been packed, closely wedged to- 
gether, iheir heads towards the ship's sides. The 
stench was horrible, and the bent suffocating, for 
the slave-deck, on which, at night, some four 
hundred negroes must have been parked, was 
barely four feet high, and the only means of vcn- 
t Ution wft.< througli the batchway. Tho fam- 
ished condition of all the negroes showed rouclu- 
sively, that they must have been a long time 
wailing in the slave-pens on shore, icry spar- 
ingly led — nay, more than half starved. Sub- 
jected to tho brutal usage of men of their own 
race and color. 

A cursory examination of the cabin showed 
that tho crew had carried with them all portable 
articles of value ; but there was an abundance of 
rice and other provi^ion3 for the slaves, in the 
hold. However, we had no time lo remove it to 
tho schooner. The vessel was settling so fast 
that it was even doubtful if we coald save the 
poor victims of cupidity and hellish cruelty. 
But this was happily effected. The wounded 
negro was not dead when the boats lift tbe 
barque, hut bo was dying, and to remove him 
would have been useless. He was reluctantly 
left to hii fate. The schooner was crowded to 
sutTocatioo wilh the rescued negroes. It wm 
anything but agreeable to the senses, besides we 
bad but a few days' provisions forso many. Our 
only plan was to get to Sierra I^eone with our 
dusky freight, as quickly as possible. Half an 
hour after we left the barque, she foundered. 

Tho wind was light and baffling, and ten days 
elapsed before we made tho land. Ten of the 
most unpleasant days man ever pnasod on board 
ship. 

We kept a sharp look otit for the boats be- 
longing to the barque, for we knew tliattliey too 
must, necessarily, make for the nearest land ; hut 
wo fell in with nothing until we arrived off 
Geeleud's Bay, toward the close of the ninth day. 
A large sail-boat was reported in aigbc, close un- 
der the land. 

The cutter, in command of the first lieutenant, 
was immediately despatched in chase. Tbe cap- 
ture of the boat was easily effected, lor she was 
crowded with men, and so deep in the water that 
her gunwales were scarcely six inches above its 
surface. The ciiptain ol the slaver and fourteen 
of his crew were on board. They offered no 
resistance, indeed resistance was out of their 
power. It rcfiuircd every effort they could make 
to bale out the water and keep Ihe boat afloat. 
The captain, who had exhibited so much des- 
peration in showing fight to the britf of-war, and 
sucli fiendish cruelty in his conduct toward the 
helpless negroes, was naturally an object of in- 
tense curiosity to the inhabitants of Sierra 
Leone. 

He was ayoung Frenchman, of good family, be- 
longing to Lyons, and, strange to say, ho was 
exceedingly handsome in form and feature, with 
an expression of gentleness in his counteiyince, 
approaching toward effeminacy. He was, also, 
evidently a man of cultivated mind. What 
could have induced such a man to engage in the 
slave dealer's nefarious profession, or what could 
have led him to exhibit such wanton and alto- 
gether useless cruelty towards the negroes, all 
who saw him were at an utter loss to conceive. 
The most strenuous elVorts were made by his 
counsel to save his life, but in vain. He was 
tried on tbe joint charges of piracy and murder 
and the evidence against him was so conclusive 
that, as a matter of course, bo was found guilty 
and condemned to be hanged, together with ten 
of tbe boat's crew captured with him. The sen 
tcncc was carried into execution the Monday 
af er the trial, which took place on Thursday 
Two other boats laden with the remainder of the 
slaver's crew bad put off from the barque, but 
what became of them was never known. 

We secured a fair piize, for, although the 
greedy ocean bad swallowed up the barque, wo 
received tho head money for the rescued negroes, 
and what wa^ better still, shared nearly two 
thousand Spanish doubloons, which the captiiin 
of the slaver had secured before he abandoned 
the vessel, and which were snatched from him 
at the moment when, desperate to the last, he 
was about to throw overboard the bag which 
contained the treasure, rather Uian allow it to fall 
into the hands of his raplora. 



[WritUn for Bklloa'* Kctortal.1 
AN WTUMS PICTURE. 

A p1«MMnt vlcturt^ W«ll Jo 1 potiwmbiT, 
When, proud riiirfring o>r k »Iinl-«Krpl »ky, 
Tlicautunkii *ud. b^jttt "1th nlonlns tpli-iiiliT. 
Turned ou llie rtio-wuhrd rarlh hit Kold«n ojr. 

\\1thln K n«T«>l ihrlnv, that mom. aneiublM 
The Bt*''''^*' tuFc* of a wvUing tItroDfr, 
Wbllo en the iilr »(t orgaii-n>n»le iwmhlfil, 
Or In full ttJ« cf RnFctncM rolled along. 

Uen, la thl« tomple lioly-eonmntcd 
By lur*D*) ri«li>g frvim d*»ntion » tlaniv', 
Vninrv trvTJ hc-irt In hmhtr-I otpwtsnwi traitfJ, 
III R-dU1 farb npproac-brd a bridal train. 

Altiat Uiey piutMd, on to Ibo DoweMDokad nltAt; 
Tbcrw, a fbnJ father lUo loTed brldu rwdtlvi-*. 
And thoueli bli acp«nbi from vmoliito fiiltor, 
Willi Itwmbllng Imnd llif uiurrlaKO Up Ik- wwtm. 

]iy qvilvcrlng lip* the btadlnK vonLi &tv *pokcn 
That jKlJ UU tr«ii>ui» to iinothcT S claim ; 
With ^IJoa citrlol fcaled— lo»c*t mj»tlc toKon— 
Two hoart«, loug Joln«d in Ihouitht, »ro on« In name ! 

Thi-ti ou that fi>Ir jniintc lu-nd, bh ham) careutag. 
The rv»CT*nd ulro lu jearnln^ foiidnpw laja. 
And o'er thn tmdii from Ood hnplutv* a ble*.«lug 
For Mch cxpetleucp of their romliig Oajs 

A lonohing smdo. Tlmt pnlr now n-vorenl kooollng, 
'"riio bride, «rr*yisd In robes of »t'ilnU-*» whlt«. 
While luoru '« brljrht mj » nruiind tin- cliancsl •toallng, 
Bnptlu.' unrli bondad form ffltb luimtly light. 

Then, opalli triamvbal "train* of nuti"!'; ponllng, 
The uotdo brld^gpooiii and ItiH iteiitle bride 
Pai* forth to a now moru, new Ufu ruf oallng, 
Ilcncelortli to ttvad Ita palhw»y *ldo bj sUo- 

O, wouilroui itoarce of true«t earth alTfetloii! 
Or«nl that wh.\to"cr betlJ.-, Tby gentle doTO 
In thnm- linked hearta uiiiy iind ft fni.fi protection, 
A peaceful tHnio«phei« of eliangeleM lovol 



lectio' ycr dirthv piper ! No, ye spalpeen ! we'll 
desthroT ivcry scrap of 'em— burn 'cm up before 
tho eyes of ye«." 

" For Uea^in'* t.«ke, gentlemen," said the 
banker, secretly delighted at the intelligence ; 
*' you wouldn't bcg^tar myself and family !" 

" In course wc wouldn't !" said Mulroonoy, 
irunically. " No. we eomc here to fill yor pock- 
el*. cv coorse. Look here, thcrfl goes a thou- 
ennd pounds!" And lie threw a handful of notes 
into tho blase. "Aud there'* another thousand ! 
and another and another! Och, there's lunhin's 
of 'cm I And ihcro goe* tho last; and now 
ye're as poor as tho pootcst man among ui." 

Tho hanker affecied to be in the greatcat 
agony ; ho tore his hair, wrimg his hands, beat 
liiH bi-eB*l, groaned and even pumped up a few 
tears. Teddy watched him wiih ferocious *ati.s- 
fuction, and when ilio sncriflco waa completed, 
exclaimed : • 

" There, boys, we've rulnni him, tntirely. And 
now, yo ould thafc of the wonild, go lo bod and 
say ycr prayers, and plisant drames lo yc/. " 

With a cheer. 1^ ijildniglit mnranders, after 
dancing round tlio expiiing bonfire, relired in 
high glee, completely satisfied wilh their exploit 
in " raining a banker." Sir I-awrcnco Wooil 
waited till l!ic Inst man Imd disappeared, then he 
burst into a hoisivlaugh and went up to bed, iu 
tbe happy eonseiousneas of being thirty lhou*«nd 
pounds richer than ho was five minutes before. 
Wo know not whether Mr. Miilrooncy ever di*- 
covered lii't mislako, bnt the banker hud provided 
agaiuHt such a continpency and liiit conacqneni 
vengeance, by securing the presence of a strong 
detachment of troops till tho iroublea of the day 
were over. 



IWrittcn for Bsllou's PiolorUl.l 

Ul'INlXG A BANKEIJ. 



»T xas "oi-D 'ok." 



In tho troubled days of Ireland, towards tho 
close of the last century, a daring fellow, one 
Teddy Mulrooney, was at the head of a hand of 
bis desjiorato and starving countrymen, who 
scoured the district in which they belonged, wag 
ing merciftss war on tho oppressors of their coun 
try, and visiting with tho direst outrages those 
who bad tho reputation of grinding llio faces of 
tho poor. 

One of the most obnoxious men in the county 
where their operations were conducted, was one 
Sir Lawrence Wood, a rich muti who had a bank 
of his own, and was supi*osed to have amassed 
an immense fortune bvhis financial S])Cculations. 
In the course of their predatory career, Mul- 
rooney's band seized, at variou* points, a large 
amount of Sir I>awrenco'ii notes— *oino thirty 
thousand pounds' worth, all of which they placed 
in the hands of their leader to dispo-c of aa bis 
wisdom thought be^t. 

One dark night a shout like that of a thousnnd 
demons announced to Sir Lawrence that the reb- 
els had broken into the park that surrounded bis 
elegant country scut, while, at the same time, a 
glare of liglit gave him to understand that the 
incendiary torch had been applied to hi.* dwel- 
ling. He was mistaken in that, however, for 
when he had hurried on bis clothes and presented 
himself at the ball door lo beg tlmt Uie lives of 
himself and family miglit be spared, he saw that 
the invaders had merely kindled a firo ol" brush- 
wood on the lawn. But Uie spectacle was alarm- ' 
ing enough, as the light fell on a wild group of 
fierce men. ragged and yet armed widi every 
species of sirango weapon— pikes, pi^ohi, reap- 
ingdiooks and scythes. 

" For Heaven's sake," said tlio terrified banker, 
"spare my life!" _ 
"Whist! ye murtherin' thafe of the world ! 
said Teddy. " It's not ycr life we're aflber dc- 
Bthroyin' ; but it's what yc live for we'll dcstbroy 
before ycr eyes, ye omadhaun. Uok there, yo 
oulddi'vil! andtlicic! and Uiero ! what's ihimi" 
And Teddy thru-st an immense heap of bank- 
notes under tho nose and eyes of the banker, and 
then, elevating bis torch, took Sir Lowrence by 
the uixfc of Us neck, and bent his head forward 
so that he could scan the paper. 

" They're notes on my bank," said he. " Do 
you want to present them V 

"To make ycr a prisint of thim?" cried tho 
rebel. *' Do JO think we're sfther makin' fools 
of ourselves, whin we've hwl the thronble of col- 



AN ARSt no F.^SIUOX. 

In the year 1 713, one hundred and forty fivo 
years ago.'the Dako of Shrewsbury was Knglinh 
anibtLsnador at llie court ot Krancu. The Duch- 
ess of Shrewsbury was on iho wrong sido of for- 
ty-live, and having bcL-n u bo-anty in her youth, 
slio was unwilling In believe that lime had made 
aiivcbango. She *poke bud Frcnt-h fiuontly,wo» 
eccentric, gave niugnillcent Imlln and snppor*, 
and all the nobility of Paris l>lt honored bv her 
invitations. 1 ho duchess disliked the liend- 
dresses in fashion. They were made of wire, 
ribbons, gauxo, and other inillineiy matcriulfl, 
intermingled with the hair of tbe head, nnd were 
more than two feet high, so that the face of tho 
wearer, if a short woman, appeared in the middle 
of the body. Old women wore them made of 
gauKO, from which we infer that gay colors were 
worn by tbe yonnif. The slightest motion of tho 
head caused ibo edifice lo iremhlo,and the fatigue 
of carrying it wns excessive. Louih XIV., so 
absoliiio in little as well as great things, disliked 
exceedingly these head-dresses, and although 
thoy had been the fashion for ten years, lie was 
unable to change it. What the Grand Monarch 
couhl not occomplish waabrouglil about by the will 
of the Duchess of Sbrcwshury. in a surprisingly 
short time, She gave out that no lady wearing 
u high head-dress should be permitted to appear 
in ber rooms, and from the extreme of elevation 
to tlie extreme of depression the change was then 
made, nnd wiih slight modifications the fashion 
1ms remained the same as ever.— //owie .hunml. 



A w.\Tf:ii i.ocoMtynvi:. 

The very name excites a smile, just as did tbe 
first steamboat nnd the fir-t telegraph. But a 
New York mechanic, determined not to he out- 
done by cither, has been somotiino entrngcd in 
building a water locomotive, wliiili a I..ockport 
editor says was tried successfully, in a small way, 
sometime ago. Its |)rinciple is ibut of a floating 
locomotive, to move upon tho water niter the man- 
ner of an ordinary locomotive on a roilroad track. 
The engine and wheels ore built so us lo float, 
but tho latter enter the water sufflcicnlty to pro- 
pel the boot forward. The inventor does not 
describe bis maeliino witli sufficient distinctness ; 
but ha cluiuis that by hi> plan a hoat can be pro- 
polled with greater ease and faster than a railroad 
engine, while it is peculiarly adapted to canal 
navigation, as in going at the higli fpecd which 
he asserts it can maintain, it would not raise as 
much swell as an ordinary propeller would in 
going five miles »n hour. If all is realized froin 
thi« invention which it--; projector claims for it, it 
will revolutionize the whole businoss of canal 
navigation, and liberate from a most labonouB 
bondage a vast armj; of abused and ahoaldor- 
galled horse*.— -S.-i<H(i/ic Antrricaii. 



Tin; iiouHiis or norwav. 

Laing, in bis tiavcls in Norway, soys that the 
horses in that country liftte a very sensible w»y 
of taking Iheir food. Instead ot swilling them- 
selves with a pailful of water at a draujjht, no 
doubt from the f*ar of not getting any again, and 
then overgorging UicmBclves for the same reason, 
they have a bucket of water put down hesido ttieir 
allowance of hay. it is amusing to see with wlmt 
relish they take a sip of the one and a moutlilul 
of the other ultematelv, somelimes only moisten- 
inc their i. outlu, as u. rational being would do 
while call ic a dinner of such dry food. A 
broken-winded horse i* scarcely ever seen m 
Norwoy. 




A NIGHT SERENADE BY THE GERMANIA BAND, BOSTON. 



OAK HILL, SKAT Ol- I'RKS. MLSROE. 
[Prom our own eorroNpoiKliMit.l 

LpDRbnrg, VlrKinln, Nor. 2A, IBSS. 
M. M. Balloii, Esq., — Dour Sir, — Herewith 
I ecad you ti Kkelch ot Onk Hill, the seat of the 
law James Mmiroo, I'roiidcnt of the United 
States, from a photograph taken oxpressly for 
your Pictorial hy Mr. Charles W. Morgan, of 



Ijccshurp, Virginia. Onk Hill is about ten miles 
■oulh of Lecsburg, on a comman'Hng eminence, 
in a beautiful grove of oaks, locusts and poplars. 
It commands a view over a wide lawn, of a 
grand, romantic and almost honndless panorama. 
The sketch is a south view, mid shows a part of 
the garden. It was built br Mr. Munroo while 
president. It has a Grecinn front, is of brick, 



and in dimensions, architecture and ornaments, 
such R9 became the fortune ol the owner. 

Tours truly. Artist. 

tiERMAMA SERENADE, BOSTON. 
The beautiful accompanying picture was 
drawn expressly for us by Waud, and is a fine 
and effective composition. It repreeents our un- 



rivalled Germania Serenade Band, performing 
nnder the window of some lady fnir at the West 
End, of a moonlight evening — one of those bril- 
liant nights when music, suddenly and nnexpcct- 
edly bursting forth, most charms the listening 
car. The contrasted efTect of the moon ajid the 
lamplight, together with the spirited figures and 
the architecture, maJte this a pleasing picture. 




OAK HILL, NEAR I.KESBURO, VIRGINIA, THE SEAT OF PRESU)ENT MUNROE, 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 




FRANKLIN STREET, ROSTON, ONE YEAR PINCK. 



ITIASKLIN STREET, BOSTON. 

We publish on this pafje two accurate and 
l^leaeinf; views, drawn and engraved expressly 
(or our Pictorial, illustrating in n striking man- 
ner, the rapid progress of our city, ami the traus- 
fonnatvons it is undergoing, at tlio command of 
capital, to meet tlio exiKoncies of business. The 
first picture shows «s Franklin Street aa it ap- 
peared one year a^, when it was almost exclii- 
eively occupied, except at the cxtremilies, by pri- 
vate residences wfaich were cnnsideredospautliaJ 



nl the date of their erection, iu the early part of 

the present century. The change then wrought 
in the appearance of the locality was sooreely 
(rreater Ihan that which the past year has effoctecf. 
How extensive this has been, tho detaiU of the 
second picture show. Only the ali^iiantnt of the 
former hounes, with its crescent sweep, bus been 

fn-eservcd. Granite has usurped the place of 
irick, and towering stores and warehouses have 
arisen on the site of the private dwellings. 
There yet remains ns a landmark, the Catholic 



Cnthcdrftl, with its many associations, hut which 
has been for many yearn inKuflicientin its aocom- 
modatiouH. The now buildings are in a bold 
and cominnnding stylo of architecture, in accord- 
ance with that inijtroved taste wliich doc:, not 
seek to exclude grace and ornament for struc- 
tures devoted to busineHs, and which is so fust 
revolutionizing and improving the aspect of our 
city. Though Sonlinicnt may drop iv tuurat the 
desecration of hou«cbold altars and displacement 
of household gods, yet Common Sense rejoices 



at the evidences of prosperity oud wealth. In 
the soudtern iiarl of the city, room in provided 
(or the e!(luhliMhment of new Hettlomonts on a 
scale com m I'll Huraiii with the incrcano uf wenlih 
and style of living, Franklin street Ihin bhc- 
I'uuibcd 10 anoi'csKlly which prcssexon the whole 
central part of Boston. In the two picturpwon this 
page, WL' have hrnitghl homo to onr rcnilers (ho 
contrast bfiiween the past and prosonl and wo 
shall coniinuu, from rime lo time, tu prcHeiitsuoh 
chuiij^es m the feamrvi of die city produce. 




'if 



11 !< 




FRANKLIN STREET, BOSTON, -AS IT IS TO-DAT. 



BALLOU'S 



PICTORIAL DUAWING-ROOMCOMP^ 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL. 



Su^SImTaLLOU. Editor «nd Proprietor. 
rUANClS A. I)U«nVAOB. A*msta« 



7;;;;^„iNVAriiA8i.y jn advancb. 



One copy, one yoar 
Ooe co|-y.two 



$2 60 
J 00 
liOO 



Ooe co|iy. I"" J'" 



TO COIUIBBPO.NOENTS. 

B. M . y^«''P"*;,*' ',„ our Iwt. Time l-» l-^Ier ii» "o 
travel noftwrn-u, ""cuu — | i.-nun, whldi. 



tlic covcnimcnt order, forbidding ftll 
C to J- the .aid posts, or .0 npproach t he 
S 'p.ar.cr*. «ncWr vo,7 ^^vcrc penal .o«. 
n Jthe degrading conditiona upon wluch 
a :p::chhave.njoycdthc -nopo.y o trade 
with Jnpan. for about two ccniun..; and as 
I-ir obBcquiou. servility has .boroughly . - 
;tted Jjapano«o.hb t>.em^'-« 
p,.o«pcct that the n.uioa will profit m-ch by t e 
Lorablo commercial ammgeme..t« wh.ch our 
co.intryandKn,W have recently made ..Uh 

Japan. 



^JurthKp,™r."t motion Of 1^^^^ 
L, F,. i'orlliinil. Mr. -I- ' 

Ta^l^r-Tlie Mi«. Piacldo you r«for to dl.d u'-^ J^'" 
kT-v"' Uo"K Kaow .... wh.,r.-about of Bayu«, tUc 

A:;r-Lvo7i;nrtfi:Tcg«rth. -rL«-un.to 

'2 r^xWMMnn of thi. vc.r f.r jurp.s.ed any pro- 



TlIK DUTCH IN .lAl'AN. 

■From the time of their first cslAblishment iu 
the country in tho seventeenth century, up to the 
present time, tho Dutch have occupied a most 
liumilialinK position in tho empire ot Japim. 
For the sake of the extcnsivo trade between 
Kuropo and that country, they have Bubmitted to 
tlio most debasing aud shamelui coiidinous; 
ignoring tho Christian religion, nndergoing ))er- 
potualimpri.onmiint, and patiently bearing tho 
iibuses and insults of tliat i-eople. By tho regu- 
lations of tlic empire, they are ronfined to a nar- 
row islet culled l>e«ma, upon which their trading 
cst4iblishment is located. This islet is joined to 
the town of Nangasaki, on the island of ICionsion, 
by a small sloue bridge, ot the end of which is a 
strong Japanese guard-house, with soldiers con- 
stantly on duty, to see that none pass without 
liceuso. Tbid little island is of artificial cou- 
etruction, and moRsuros 000 feet in length, by 
240 in breadtli ; and to this narrow prison house 
do tho Dutch submit to he confined, for tho sako 
of the limited trarto which i« accorded to them. 
Tho whole islet is fenced in by a strong p;ding 
of high hoards, with a nari-ow coping, on tbotop 
of which is a iloublo row of iron spikes. The 
Dutch bouses wiUiin this enclosure, arc low and 
mean, aud built of fir-wood and bamboos, the 
stningci-s being forbid to build of stone. The 
jdaee is subject, at all hours, to the intrusions of 
ibe prying police of Nangasaki, and a most rigid 
surmllance is kept up, by Hpeeiul guards, agents, 
and spies of tho government. Tlie Duuh are 
all doomed to colibiu-y while at Desinia, no fe- 
luulo being allowed to live among them, whether 
Kuropoan or Japanese. 

At tho north side of the islet are two strong 
gales, opcuiug through tho pickets to tlio water; 
bat these are kept constantly closed, except 
when a Dutch ship arrives or departs. They are 
then opened, and always in the presouco of a 
governmont- commissioner, supported by an 
armed guard. When a ship arrives, the first 
thing done is to remove the ammunition. The 
Japanese officials then search evory part of tho 
vessel, and take lists of the goods, and cvory- 
tliing else ou board. Tho ship's company are 
then allowed to go on shore and mjoy f/i«r liUrt)/ 
in the cramped up and noisome prison of 
Dcsinia. There they remain for two or three 
months, while the ship is getting ready to de- 
part, and are never allowed to pass the bridge, or 
to take a boat for the town. In the harbor, near 
10 the factory, are thirteen very high posts, at 
regular distances from each other, with small 
wooden tahleia flfljxed to them, upon which tire 



t iii;Ai> rosTA(;K». 

Wc hflvo heretofore discussed this subject and 
Co not intend to trouble the readers of the 1 -c o- 
nal with any extended remarks ^ ^ / 

present time. The annual report of thclo..t. 
naster General has just been sent to Congress 
by tho I'residenl, and in that report .s a recom 
nu-ndation to abandon the cheap postage system 
and to go hack to the old ralo of live cent pos- 
tage This stop backward is proposed as remedy 
for the deficiency of the receipts to meet the ex- 
penses of the post-office e-<=tahlisbment. For the 
Lcnl year ending June 30th. 1358, the total ex- 
penses were about twelve and three quarter ni.l- 
lions of dollars, and the total receipts about 
eight millions and ono quarter, leaving ft de- 
ficiency of four millions and a half to be pro- 
vidcd for out of the public treasury, lor tho 
year ending Juno 30lh, 1859, tho expenditures 
will exceed the recei|>ts hy the sum of five md- 
lions and a half. H is lo provide for this annual 
deficiency of four or five millions in the recci'ts, 
that tho Postmaster Ciencral proposes, among 
other changes, to rai.o the postage rate irom 
three to five cents, aud to abolish the discount on 
printed matter paid in advance. This, he tbmks, 
will give about three millions and a half of dol- 
lars move revenue. He also proposes to save a 
half million by restricting the abuses of the 
franking privilege, and a million more by domg 
away with four-horse coach service in carrymg 
the mails, when not nocessaiy. All these changes 
will require the action of Congress, to modify 
existing laws, before they can bo carried out. 
We have no sort of objection to those afiecting 
the coach transportation, and the use of the 
franking privilege; and should be very glad to 
BOO a million and a half of dollars saved by these 
means. But to raising the rate of posiago we 
decidedly object ; for we see not wliy the private 
correspondence of tho counuy slmuld be bur- 
dened with the cost of ocean mail routes to Eu- 
rope and tho Pacific, or of overiand mail routes 
thi-ough tho continent, to the extreme borders of 
tho Union. The truth is, that these are public on- 
teq>rises, for the promotion of commerce and tho 
settlement of tlie country; and whatever de- 
ficiency of postal revenue arises from the cost of 
iheso ontcrprises, over and above their receipts, 
should ho defrayed by tho public treasury, and 
not by the letter writers and newspaper publish- 
ers. We sincerely hope that Congress will ad- 
here to the cheap postage systoni, and insist 
upon tho national treasury's paying all expenses 
not necessarily incurred in the receipt, carriage, 
and delivery of printed matter and private cor- 
respondence of individuals. 



Ol Jl II-t-tSTKATED JOURNAL. 
With the present number of I'^'^on ^ /'-"""'"^ 
JI:mmen^l.he ^^^^"''^ ^'^'^^^ 
.ith a now heading and in a new ^"J to 
style The change wc have made enables u> to 

: an,nch larger amount read-g n.a U 
and by printing the paper one week nearer iw 
il\.on.en'tsw,Uhefound.obejost-^^^^^^ 
d.js fresher than it has been heretofore. It 
be seen that wo shall give 

eui-rcnt matters of interest, and discuss, for ti e 
b cfit of our patrons, all that is noteworthy, and 
IXichitisdcsii-ableto understand in the domgs 

of the world about us. . 

The new heading of our paper was dos.gnod 
and drawn for us hy Mr. Kilhurn, and >s a chaste 
and appropriate work of art. The central hgure 
represents tho Muso of History engaged m re- 
cording passing evenus. She is surrounded by 
articles emblematic of the fine and mechanic arid 
which conduce to civilization, and i-epresent 
painting, sculptui-e, architecture, etc. There are 
the palette, the chisel, the pen and the printmg- 
nrcss, Willi other significant accessories. In the 
disuince is seen tho new dome of tho capitol at 
Washington. On the right is a view of Boston, 
with a part of Cliarlestown, including the Bunker 
Hill Monument, and a steamship in tho foro- 
L-tound showing ono mode of locomouou. On 
tho left are factories.suggestiveol indusinal pur- 
suits, and ft train of cars in motion, tho whole 
being framed in ft civic wreath of oak leaves, and 
forming a characteristic heading indicative of the 
purposes aud aims of our illustrated journal. 

We have made arrangements in the illustrated 
department to give more engravings each week, 
and shall show a gratifying improvement in the 
pictorial character of our journal, having se- 
cured accomplished draughtsman aud engravers, 
in addition to tho regular corps attached to the 
paper for the last year. In short, we chall strive 
to make the Boston Pictorial a credit to our city, 
and a valuable and welcome visitor to the fii-esides 
of our patrons all over tlio country. 



c on FISHING IN TJli: NORTH SEA. 
The marine picture winch occupies tho whole ol 
the last page, will he appreciated by our friends for 
tho remarkable spirit of the drawing, for its bold 
effectiveness and dramatic character. The fish- 
ing craft and tho boat are admirably delineated ; 
and tho figures of the liardy lishermen pulling 
up their prey, are instinct with lilo aud muscular 
action. Wc have given heretofore representa- 
tions of cod fishing on the banks ; but this is our 
first sketch of the European cod fishery. Tho 
life of professional fishermen is very laborious, 
and their cxisteiico hangs by a leoble thread. 
Tho storms that sweep along the coast of 
Norway 

" Roiinil the shores where loufl Loffodcii 
Hurls lo Arnth the roaring whute. 
Itoiind till' ebum when; Kouic Odiii 
Uuwb Iver war-soiig to tlie gitlp," 

often wreck whole fleets of fishing-boats, cany- 

ing desolation to hundreds of humble homes. If 

the ocean is bountiful in its supplies, it is also 

terrible in its wrath. 



Ameiiicas NouiLiTV. — Four knights have 
been created in Canada by the British sovorcign, 
viz., one Englishman, one Scotchman, and two 
Frenchmen. Wo shall probably hear of the 
Earl of Toronto, the M:irquij of Quebec, and 
liic Duke of Montienl, before long. 



I REEDOM OF THE PRESS. 
Hume has placed on record bis opinion that 
the liberties of tho press and the liberties of the 
people must stand or fall together, a truth which 
has been so fully recognized in modern times, 
that in free countries, such as England and tho 
United States even the license of the press is 
permitted to go unheeded, so sacred is this en- 
gine of civilization, enlightenment and truth 
held by legislators. Free inUitutions must rest 
on free discussion in the forum and the press. 
The existence of despotism, on the contrary, de- 
pends upon the suppression of both. Absolute 
governments wage a continual warfare on tho 
press, fearing tho light and eourung tho darkness 
as their shield- 
To appreciate tho advantages we enjoy, we 
have only to contrast the almost boundless lib- 
erty of the American people, with the trammels 
which surround it in France, and which have re- 
cently been brought into strong relief by tho 
late prosecution of Count Montalembert, for 
what we should consider a liarmlesa article on 
English politics, published in an able review 
called the " Correspondant." It is true that 
Count dc Montalcmhert wrote strongly, as he 
felt deeply. Ho said, among other things, " When 
my ears riug, now with the buz?,ing of antichara- 
ber gossips, now with the noise of fanatics who 
think us their dupes; when I am stifling with 
the weight of an atmosphere loaded with servile 
and corrupting exhalations, I hasten to breathe 
pure air, and take a vital bath b free 
England !" He divides France into two classes : 
" Honest men whom misconceptions and de- 
fects liave never abused, and cowards." There 
was altogether too much truth in the article to be 
palatable to the emperor, and the aggravation of 
the offence was, that the police were only able to 
sci^e four copies out ol the whole edition of 
the review, tho remainder having been scattered 
broadcast and eagerly read. As the whole world 
is now interested dii-ectly in the trial of this bold 
French writer, we subjoin a sketch of his career. 

Charles Forbes, Comle do Montalembert, was 
born in London, ou the lOih of March, 1810. 
He is tho represent ative of an old family Foi- 
tou, and his father was a peer of Franco, and 
ambassador at Stockholm from the court of 
Charles X. His mother was an Englishwoman. 
At the outset of bis career ho was au advocate 
of the union of Catliolicism and democracy, of 
which Lamennais was the apostle, and was one 
of the editort^ o( a journal founded to advocate 
that union, called L'Avenir. He opened in 



April 1831, in coniunction with MM. de Coux 
and Lacordaire, a school called the Ecole Libre. 
Hi. opposition to the existing government 
brou.'ht him at ]a.st before the "Police Corr^c- 
lionelle;" but during the process his father died, 
and as M. Montalembert then became a Peer of 
Prance, bo claimed tho right of being Ined by 
the Upper Chamber, by which he was condemned 
to a fine of lOOf. His dcfenco pronounced before 
the Chamber may be considered as the beginning 
of his political career, but be was prevented, by 
his not having attained the legal age of 30. from 
taking his scat until 1840. The condemnation 
of Lamennais by the Pope greatly increased 
the severity of M. dc Montalembori's orthodoxy, 
and. both by writing and speaking, he made bim- 
6clf ilicnceforwaid known as tho great champion 
of Catholicism. Ho published bis famous L.to 
of Elii'.abcth of Hungary in 1836. In 1843 he 
siron''ly opposed the Educational measure of 
M. Villcmain, and in 1843 bo published bis 
Catholic Manifesto. He married in 1843 tho 
daughter of a Belgian Minister, Mademoiselle 
de Merode, and after (v ehort absence from 
France, ho returned to deliver in ihe Chamber 
of Pcci-9 his three celebrated speeches on tho lib- 
erty of the Cimi-cli, the liberty of education, and 
tho liberty of tho monastic orders, la 1847 ha 
established o religious association to work in 
favor of the Sonderbund. Ho also made himt^elf 
notorious for the active part he took on behalf of 
oppressed nationalities, and on the 10th of Feb- 
ruary, 1848. he had a solemn funeral service cel- 
ebrated at Notre Dame to the memory of 
O'Connell. 

After the establishment of the Republic, M. do 
Montalembert was elected a member oi tho Con- 
stituent Assembly, and there acted sometimes 
with ono and sometimes with another of the par- 
tics that divided tho Assembly. He was op- 
posed to the measure for again requiring journals 
to furnish security, to thoconlinuance of the state 
of the siege, and to the admission of Louis Bon- 
aparte. But at the end of tho session ho sup- 
ported M. Dufaure in a bill for the restriction of 
the press, and was loud in his approval of the 
French expedition to Rome. Ho was re-elected 
by the department of Doubs for the Legislative 
Assembly. He there distinguished himself prin- 
cipally by the part he took in preparing the law 
to restrain the suffrage within narrower limits, 
by bis frequent encounters with M. Victor Hugo, 
bis only rival in oratory, and by his defence of 
the President. 

When the coup d'efiit came he protested strong- 
ly against the imprisonment of tho Deputies; 
but he nevertheless was named a member of tlie 
Consultative Commission, a distinction ho de- 
clined, and was elected, in 1852. into the Corps 
Legisl'atiff. As a French biographer laconically, 
but happily expresses it, " lie stood almost alono 
as ft rcpresontaiivo of the opposition." At the 
last election, in 1857, he was defeated in the De- 
partment of the Douhs by the government candi- 
dato, and had since retired from public life until 
this article in the Correspondant brought him 
sgain before tho world. Of course M. de Monta- 
lembert is not ft Liberal after an English fashion. 
But wc cannot doubt that years and experience 
have taught him something. And especially as 
regards England, no one can now be a more 
zealous, discriminating aud firm friend to every- 
thing that is English than M. do Montalembert. 
Ko one, also, can doubt that he is one of the first 
men in Europe, both as a writer and as a speaker ; 
and both by bis eminence and his groat interest 
in literature and education, he is among the load- 
ers of the French Academy, of which ho was 
elected a member in 1852. 



M.UUE TAGLIONI. 

The question is often asked, " what becomes of 
old opera-dancers r' Nobody knows. Somc- 
liow or other, they manage to disappear from the 
theatrical Hrmarocnt, like those meteors which 
flash for a moment and then vanish from the 
summer sky. Now and then you hear of ono 
turning up, not as a street-sweeper or box-opener, 
but in good condition, a landed proprietress and 
possessing any amount of bank stock. This is 
tho case with the lady whoso name heads this ar- 
ticle, and who not very many years ago set all 
Europe n-firc, and " turned fops' heads while 
turning pirouettes." Marie Taglioni (she is b 
countess, by the way,) lately visited Pans, went 
to thg opera, applauded Livry, the new Terpsi- 
chorean star, and had a jolly time with the Par- 
isian ballct-gitls at the TroisFrcres Provencaux, 
where, not to have dined, is not to know what 
clegnnt c-picure«nism is. Taglioni is rich— her 



BALLOT'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



11 



feet haTing brought licr n //v;.iiiinate rortiiiic. 
She never danced for Ie«8 than eight hundred dol- 
lars a ni^ht, and at the Keniih of her fame ^hc 
was loaded with presents. She lives in a mag- 
nificent villa on the Lake of Como, and has two 
or three palaces in Venice. She is by martiagc 
the Conuie«s Gilbert des Voisins. In private 
life she is described as a sonsiblc, well-bred, good- 
hnraorcd and simple, but far from brilliant, wo- 
man. But on the stage, she was indeed a sylphido 
— a creature all airiness and grace. She waved 
her arms like garlands, she smiled and seemed 
happy ; sho was a child, moving in perfect time, 
not thinking there was any dilDcnliy in the 
world, executing sportively the mogl surprieing 
feats, marvels of buoyancy and grace. In Ihrvo 
bounds she crossed the largest stage ; sho flow — 
she spurned the boards; her breathing did not 
grow thick, her feet never failed her, and when 
her prodigious cfibrls cca^icd, sho resumed licr 
habitual attitude, easy and unconstrained. All 
other dancers give jou a look as much as to say, 
"I hope you arc satisfied — I have labored to 
please you, nnd accoraplielicd impossibilities." 
But Taglioni seemed so unconcerned and hiippy, 
that the audience felt as if sho had been dancing 
for her own amusement. She exhibited no more 
exhaustion than a bird, wlien, after wheeling for 
hours in the air, slie folds Iier wings and scules 
on some nodding llower. Taglioni possessed, 
above all other dancers, the great art of conceal- 
ing art. Her old admirers declare that they shall 
never look upon her like again. 



SILK MANU^•A(■TUR1^G. 
According to the Philadelphia American, the 
manufacture of sewing silk and various fabrics 
from the raw silk of China, is carried on in that 
city to a connderablo extent. There are several 
factories in operation for this purpose, and the 
only limit to the extension of the business ap- 
pears to be the want of a sufllicient supply of raw 
material. The raising of silk-worms will not pay 
in this country, owing to ibo great amount of 
labor it requires for the rearing and culture of 
them, and for the preparation of the cocoons. 
The cost of labor is too great, as compared with 
that of Asia, to coahlc us to compete with the 
countties of the old world in this production. 
But the new treaty with China, by which that 
country is opened to foreign commerce, will add 
greatly to the supply of the raw silk which our 
manufacturers need ; and in return we can send 
the Chinese our cotton fabrics, which being made 
by our machinery, can he afTordcd at rates far 
cheaper than they can make them for themselves. 
No skill of man has yet been able to apply machin- 
ery to the raising and preparing of raw silk ; it is a 
work which must be done by band, and there- 
fore, while they can give up the making of their 
cotton goods to us, and devote a larger share of 
their labor to raising silk, wo can buy their raw 
silk with the products of our cotton mills, and 
weave it into fabrics (or our own use. In this 
way a legitimate, extensive, and mutually bene- 
ficial trade between the United States and 
China will bo apt to spring up, as one of the 
good fruits of the new treaty just made by our 
minister, Mr. Reed, The annual value of raw 
Bilk imported from China is at present not much 
over half a million of dollars, and by far tb 
greater part of this is nianulactarcd in this coun- 
try. This manufacture has been developed 
within the last fifteen years. There is every 
prospect that in future llie importations wilt ho 
greatly larger than they have been, and that there 
will be consequently a much larger employment 
for domestic labor and capital in the manufac- 
ture of silk fabric* for our own use. 



HtUlI MILLER ON TE.M PriR ANCE. 
When the celebrated Scotch geologist was a 
young man, and first entered upon the active 
pursuits of a life of toil, he was strongly tempted 
by the intoxicating cup, and was driven to make 
his election whether to yield or to resist. The 
drinking usages of Scotland at that time were of 
the broadest character, and the exhilarating draft 
was commended to the lips of the young men in 
respectable society, both by precept and exam- 
ple. Young Miller's situation among acquain- 
tances and companions of daily labor, wai no 
exception to the general circumstances attending 
the condition of life in which he was placed, and 
before ho was aware of it, he was led on by the 
custom of drinking, to the very brink of a peril- 
ous precipice. His early love for learning was 
the Mentor that warned and saved him. At the 
lender age of eighteen, while an apprentice at 
fi lone-quarrying, lie encountered the enemy and 



achieved a decisive and enduring virlory. Inhis 
own account of iho crisis ho informs us, that, 
when ovftwrought with labor and depressed in 
mind, he had come to regard the anient spirit of 
the dram-shop as a high luxury ; that gave light- 
ness and eucruy both to body and mind, and 
substituted exhilaration and onjoymont, for duU- 
ne.'ts and gloom. On going home one ovciunf, 
after having assisted At drinking "a royal found- 
ing pint," Milter found, o» opening the pages of 
a favorite author, ihitt the letters danced before 
his eyes, and that he was unable to master tJio 
senile. Disgusted with himself after this indul- 
gence, he resolved upon the spot, never again to 
sacrifice hi* capacity for intellectual enjoyment 
to a drinking usage ; and be infomis us that 
through God's help, he was euubled through life 
to hold by the determination. This little scrap 
of Hugh SIdler's pci'sonal history conveys an 
invaluable lesson to ilio young. How many are 
there that are led on from step lo step in the path 
of social indulgence, to their certain ruin, merely 
because it is easier to comply with an absurd cu.*- 
loni than lo refuse ! Whereas, if, like Miller, 
they would turn their own minds inward, and 1>0 
a law unto themselves, they might triumph over 
the temptation, and thus tnake their lives an 
honor and a blessing, ratlior than a sbamo and a 
eurso. 

KEAVENLY DISTAM'F^S. 

The sun being ninety-six millions of miles 
from the earth, a ray of light is estimated to 
travel from that body to the curlh in eight and 
one-third minutes. This does not appear to he 
a very long lime, but then we must recollect thai 
light travels at the rate of 192,500 miles a sec- 
ond. A body travelling with the velocity of 
sound, which is only 1125 feet persecond, would 
require over fourteen years to reach the sun, and 
even a cannon-ball which is sent from a gun with 
a velocity of 1600 feet per second, if it sliould 
continue at the same uniform speed, would ho 
ten years in performing the journey. The planet 
Neptune, the most distant one of the solar sys- 
tem is, however, thirty times as far from the sun 
as the earth is, and conBcqucnlly the light of ihe 
sun occupies over tour hours in travelling to that 
body, nnd a cannon-ball from thence would take 
three hundred years to reach the sun. Yet even 
these distance-^ shrink into insignificance when 
wo come to consider the fixed stars, the nearest 
ot which is at least thirty-five billions of miles 
distant, or nearly three hundred and sixty-five 
thousand limes as fur from the earth as the sun 
is. The light from that star takes five years and 
three-quarters to reach the earth, and our imag- 
inary cannon-biill would be more than three mil- 
lions and a half of years in making the journey ! 



VICTORIA, YASCOITER'S ISl.ASD. 
On page 12, wo give a fine view of this place, 
and our own correspondent there furnishes the 
following account : " I scud you herewith n re- 
liable sketch of the town of Victoria, Vancouver'^ 
Island, away hero on ihenonliwc»t coast, and up 
iu a tolerably high latitude. The drawing gives 
you the appearance ol the town ns seen from the 
water. It is not unlike many, or a majority of 
our wcstoru towns, the architecture being quite 
YaukccBcd. The govcnimonl buildings occupy 
the centre. The shipping in the foreground 
will give you an idea of the present activity of 
the place, to which recent events have given an 
extraordinary development. Vancouver's Island, 
though extending from latitude 48 to nearly M 
(if I remember rightly), possesses by no me««sa 
tcvcre climate, and the fcitility of much of tho 
soil well adapts it to agricvillural pursuiu, which 
will prove eventually a great sonrco of wealth. 
In Iho inleriur there are mountains, forests and 
pr.iiries. Tho island is 278 miles long. The 
coal niiucs are quite profiiablo, and this will he 
a great coaling station for steamers. It is about 
tlie foggiest place I ever pitched my tent in. a 
circQOislanou which interferes sadly with my out- 
door photographic operations. After getting all 
ready to take a landscape, a dense log shut* 
down, swallowing it up instantly, making a ' dis- 
solving view ' of it. The winters are remarkable 
for their severe storms. April and May arc very 
pleasant months. The heat of summer, how- 
ever, is excessive. Faiming is principally eon- 
fined, at present, to the neighborhood of Victo- 
ria, and enormous crops frequently reward tho 
labors of the tillers of the soil. There are plenty 
of beaver, raccoon, land and sea otters here, and 
tho furs bring high price*. There aro between 
nine and ten thousand Indians hero, very dorilo 
and peaceable, and very unlike the fierce tribes 
of the northwest. They are willing to work, and 
perhaps as susceptil)le of civilization as any of 
the aborigines. The whole island was ceded lo 
the Hudson's Bay Company iu 1849. You will 
remember that the island was thought to be a 
part of the mainland till 1 789. when an American 
sea eapUun proved the contrary, by actual navi 
gallon. Il was brought into public notice hy the 
Oregon question, and many American htalesmeu 
Blrenuously contended for it as a part of our ter 
ritory. It was, however, yielded entire to the 
British government, by tho Boundary Treaty 
It is only recently that aucccsBful aliempu hftvo 
been made to colonize it." 



Row IN Utah.— Quite a civil row has sprung 
up in Utah territory, between the legislature and 
Mr. Buchanan's governor, Cummings. Tho 
former say the seat of government shall continue 
at Salt Lake City, the latter that it shall 
restored to Fillmore City, where it was first 
located. Cummings holds the purse-strings, and 
the Saints will have to succumb. 



Mining in State ruisoN.— A bed of iron 
ore has been discovered in the yard of the New 
York State Prison at Clinton, and (ho prisoners 
have been set to work upon it. Heretofore the 
State has worked mines in tho vicinity of tho 

prison, I mtm t 

Police LiiiHABiEs.— A movement has been 
started in New York City, for providing libraries 
at the several stations, for the use of policemen 
when ofi" duty. Not a bad idea ; though schools 
for adults would better meet the case of some of 
the M. I'.'s of that qneer city. 



The Mortara Bot.— The parents of tho 
Jewish boy Mortura have been permitted to visit 
him r^t Home, antl the lad was very glad lo see 
his mother. He is six years old, and can say his 
prayers in Hebrew. 

PowEESTiiE Sculptor.— This distinguished 
artist has received orders forstatues ol Benjamin 
Franklin and Thomas .TefTcrson, which will de- 
tain him in Italy for some time longer. Price 
SIO.OOO each. 



M'LLf:. PKX-OLOMIM. 
After an interval sullu-iently long to intensify 
Iho appetites of lovers of the lyric drama, the 
opem was re inaugurated at the Boston Thcatro 
by Mr. Uliman's magnificent tivupo ; the most 
prominent attraction being the now prima donnn 
Piccolomini, a young and beautitul artiste, freshly 
cnjwned with Kuropooii laurels. Uvr first ap- 
pearance was in I^A Truviata, which she followed 
up by several other charuolers, such as Maria, in 
tho '* Daughter of the Regiment," I,a Serva 
Padrona. I.ucreaia Borgia, olc. Here, jis olao- 
where, Piccolomini has achieved a brilliant suc- 
cess, to which her youth, beauty, archne-ss and 
admirable qualities as an actress largt^^Iy contrili- 
uled. As a singer, sho is good, if not greai. 
Her voice is of pleasing quality and comtidcrablo 
compass, exhibiting the most careful training, 
and managed with consummate art. Sho never 
sings out of tunc, »nd has a very happy faculty 
of gliding over dangerous difllcultic*. Comic 
opera is decidedly her field of battle; she is too 
l>riiU, too /luiuontf, too much of a foubrotte, to 
shine as the repttsenlutivo of imperious tragic 
passions, such as Norma and liucreiia Boi-gin 
exact. But those who go to the opera lo bo 
pleased, soothed and fascinated, to I>o amused 
and bewitched, will novor critioiao tho fresh and 
youthful Piccolomini. She slonns the citadel of 
tho heart, and tho npplauso sho elicits is spon- 
taneous and universal. Sho is one of the most 
attractive performers thai ever appeared on tho 
lyric stage. 

Pkhhoxai. Nkatnrss, — Tho udyantngos of 
a tidy personal appearance were lately shown, lu 
tho case of a member of Congress from lowii, 
who entered a railroad car, having in his posses- 
sion "a piws for a year." Ho was very slovenly 
in his drcs"s, and tho conductor, looking at tlio 
pass wiih contemptuous suspicion, told him ho 
was u " sucker I" Unwilling to urguo tho point, 
the luckless Congressman paid hi^ faro ; but lllo 
coniliictor was even then in doubt whether to let 
him Ktay in the car, or put him out. Wundororf 
should take lieed, and recognize the existence of 
soap and water, and the tailor. 



United States Navy.— Tho proposed in 
crease in tho American Navy will meet with the 
approbation of every American who is observant 
of national aflaii-s and naiionid evcntf. Preven- 
tion is worth more than cure ; and the visible ov- 
idctico that we have tho power lo sustain our 
rights, will make other nations more cautious 
when they meditate infringoment. We hope tho 
concentration of the American vessels of-war in 
tho Gulf will bo as large as is possible. 

Mexico and Ckntrai, America.— Tho ac- 
tion of Congress in regard lo Mexico and Central 
America, will bo watched with deep iuicrcst by 
the whole civilized world. It is time that tbo 
rcprosentativee of this nation shall take a bold, 
concerted, dclormined and dignified stand in 
mailers regarding our foreign relations and let 
some ol tho overwrought domestic questions sub- 
side into wholesome slumber for a while. 

Coal is London.— Cools aro sold in Loudon 
in sacks containing one hnndred pounds each 
Tho carls which convey these sacks to tho honsos 
of consumers are provided with scales, so that 
each consumer has tho opportunity of testing tho 
honesty of the dealer. This is an Anglo-Sacks- 
on method. 



The hkw Pomci: UmroitM. — Most of tho 
Boston police ore now pleased wiih their now 
uniform, though some still object. Some aro 
undecided. One of them remarked tho other 
day, " Spos'n I should git into a row, and Bomo 
other policeman should hit a fellow a crack oti 
tho head. Tho man that was hit might mistake 
mo for tho ono that bit him, and hit mr a crack 
on the head. But then, agin, if / bad a hit him, 
ho might mistake some other policoman, and 
give him tho crack on the head that belonged to 
mo ! So I s'poMC it don't make much dilleronco." 



Franklin Steekt, Boston. — Wo call our 
readcrs^lttcntion to tho view of Franklin Street as 
it is, on piigo 9 of the present number. Among 
those to whom especial credit is due, for tho 
stylo in which the street has been remodelled, is 
Mr. J. O. F. Bryant, of this city, whoso snggos- 
tioiis with regard lo the improvements have been 
carried into efled, and who designed some of the 
fincH structures that now adorn it. 

"Tub Outlaw: or, Tlir Fnnale liuiidit." 
This remarkablo story, by Lieutenant Murray, 
now publishing in The Ha<j of our IMIon, is 
a thrillingly interesting tale, founded upon a 
vivid period in luUian history. 



Voldme Nine— Wo will give two dollars a 
volume for a few volumes of Ballcnt's Pictorial, 
volume nine. Please send or hand in at our 
oflice as soon as possible. 



TiiAXKStiiviNG Luxury.- It has been esti- 
mated that the extra feasts, on Thanksgiving 
day, in tlio twenty three Slates which observed it, 
cost from eighteen to iwenly-fivo million dollars. 
Who says the Americans oio not a merry 
people ? 

IlrNNiNO to Fibeb.- Those who wonder at 
ihe lirolws inierest which a portion of our citi- 
zens manifest in running lo fires, consider that it 
may be a mild form of pyromaniu. 

Patiso deablv.- A man in New Orleans 
was recently fined S43 for enclosing and sending 
by mail a letter inside of a newspaper. 



Good News.- General Pacz, tho Venezuelan 
hero, who dislocated his great too by a bad fall 
in New York, has recovered the use of it entire- 
ly, that is, 1/1 tola. 



jAfAN.— Recent knowledge of the good qualP 
tics and civilization of the polite people of Japan, 
prove that ihero is not much j'"" in Japan var- 
nish, after all. 



Economy.— The man who puts flannel rags 
io the middle of his sausages, says he is doier- 
mined to make both ends moat. 

Q^-KRv — Have you seen The Fla,j of our 
Ciion, in its new and brilliant dress for the new 
year ■> Price four c^ts per copy, everywhere. 



Malignast CRiTic«-wi«h the talents of 
oihcrs 10 be so>*' as lo he-invisible. 



12 



BALLOU 



■S PICTORIAL pRAWING;RO0M^!0MPAJ^ 



JOSEPH AMES. 
The ftcconipanj-ing portrmt 
was drawn for ns l.y Kilhum, 
after a fine photopruph by 
Whipple & Black, of this oity. 
Mr. Ames, though vet young, 
ranks among the first of our 
artists, Iiavinn achieved Ins posi- 
tion no less by the force of his 
genitifl. than by his consncn- 
rious and laboriousstndy of art. 
During his residence. nICurope. 
hemaae the very best "«e ofln« 
advantftpcs,a«d.cflpeciallywon 
the key to the niy«ter; of that 
splendor of lolor winch fonns 
tfieEloryoftheVenot.au school. 
Mr.*' Amos is pariKilariy sue 
cMsful in his ircatment of fe- 
male heads, though his portraits 
of men have breath and vigor 
In historical painting, his most 
Buccessfu! effort, is his l^^t 
Days of Daniel Webster at 
Marsheeld," of which a fine en- 
craving hafl been made, which 
time will render as popu ar as 
tho"Doatii of Chfitham. In 
that clovor book, " Ernest Car- 
roll " latalv published by T.ck- 
nor & Fields, there is an inter- 
esting account, purporting to be 
Given by Uie artist, of his paint- 
ing a portrait of the present 
Pope- "I received an order 
from a churcli in New Orleans, 
to go to Itomo and paint a full- 
length portrait of Pio Nono. I 
had a letter irom the archbishop, 
introducing mo, and requesting 
His Holiness ia give mo the 
necessary sittings. I was most 
cordially received, and the I one 
ordered an apartment in the 
Quiriual to bo made ready for 
mo. On the day appointed I 
vtM at my post. A Swiss guard 
came several times to request 
me to be in readiness, as his 
Holinesfl was soon coming— at 
last he made his appearance, ac- 
companied by two cardinals, 
Ho was dressed in a short scar- 
let cloak and white undor-robe. 
Wishing mo a lively good morn- 
ing, he gayly mounied the plat- 
form on which 1 had placed hia 
chair, and the two cardinals 
stood while he was seated. You 
may imagine that, to an Ameri- 
can, the etiquette of the Roman 
court was interesting, if not 
amusing. The two cardinals, 
in waiting, stood like respectful 
etiiiues — never venturing to 
speak unless addressed. The 
Vicegerent of God sat, tapping 
the lid of his gold snuff-box in 




JOSEPH AMES, THE AMERICAN ARTIST. 



time to the airs of an opera 
which he would occasionally 
hum Whenever he rose they 
woald fall upon their knees, and 
remain in that position until ho 
took his seat again. At first, I 
was a little puzzled to know 
what to do on these occasions ; 
hut as my business wa? to paint 
his portrait, I stuck to my work, 
and at last got so used to hear 
the rustling ot his robes, when 
rising, followed by the sound of 
the marrow-bones of the atten- 
dants, rattling on the pave- 
ments, that I paid little or no 
attfintion, excepting to my pic- 
ture. On the second or third 
day, while I was bnsily engaged 
in getting up tlie effect of my 
picture— thrashing in color right 
and left— as I was stepping hack 
to examine the effect, I came 
very near knocking over the 
Pope, who had descended from 
his throne, and stood behind 
mo, totally unconscious of his 
vicinity. ' Bravo ! l>enissimo !' 
said he, approvingly. '1 seo 
you paint nftor the manner of 
the English school ;'— turning 
to ono of the cardinals, ' Hovv 
does it strike you asalikencss"?' 
asked ho. 'As tnio as the re- 
flection from a mirror, &mtita.' 
' Ci ho gustu,' said ho, with a 
pinch of snuff. 1 finished my 
study of his head in a little more 
than a wceV, and told him I 
should reqniro no more sittings, 
if I could have tho use of the 
robes, jewelry, etc. . necessary to 
represent him in the act of giv- 
ing benediction at high mass. 
He immediately gave orders to 
have them brought to me, with 
the key of the apartment. It 
was my first whole-length of 
life-size, and I was obliged to 
proceed with great caution. I 
selected one of the academy 
models, who was of about the 
size and figure of tho Pope, in- 
tending to use him not only as 
a model for the action, hut as a 
lay figure for the costume. He 
was BO elated at tho ideaof hav- 
inc been rigged out in all that 
papal finery, that he got as 
drunk as a fiddler on the money 
I paid him for his first ^nse, and 
I was obliged to dismiss him, 
and employed another model, 
who proved" better suited to my 
purposes. When tho picture 
was finished, the Pope waa 
pleased with it, and paid me a 
very flattering compliment." 





\7EW OP "MCTORIA, VANCOUVER'S ISLAITO, BRITISH AMERICA. 



I From our own CorreaponihiJt.] 



BALLOr S PICTORLVL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



13 



FRIGATE EURYALUS. 

Wv publish the accom- 

Smving engrnving of the 
rit'i?h steam friyate Eury- 
alus, lis B spiriied marine 
picture of ft ship under a 
p(.'cu1itLr aspect. It (leiives 
adiliiioniil interest from the 
fact thai it i» the vessel on 
board of which young 
Prince Alfred has just 
shipped as a naval cadet, 
to Icarti the profession to 
which he is destined. The 
Euryulus is one of the 
finest of her class — a taut 
and irim sicaru frigate, car- 
ryiog 51 heavy puns. Her 
length (over all) is 245 
feel ; breadth of beam 50 
teet, 9 inches ; tonuage, 
2371 ; horses power, 4U0. 
She carries on her main- 
deck, twenty-two 32-poun- 
ders of 56 cwt., and eight 
six-inch (•iin6 of 65 cwt. 
On her upptr-deck slic car- 
ries eighteen 32-pounders 
of 45 cwt., and one ten- 
foot pivot-guH of 95 cwt. 
Her commander is the dis- 
tinguished oflScer, Captain 
Tarleton, C. B. 



ARTISTS' FESTIVAL. 

The spirited engraving 
below represents tlie re- 
gatta of the German artists 
on the Starnber^er See, at 
Munich, Bavaria, on the 
evening succeeding the 
three days' festival, Sept. 
20 — 23, on which occosiou 
the picturesque sheet ol 
water was covered with 
splendidly decorated bar- 
ges, galleys, gondolas and 
steamers, bearing the ar- 
tists and their guests, 
with bands of music, and 
every holiday accessory. 
Great taste was exhibited 
in the decoration of many 
of the boats, and the scene 
which the lake presented 
during the evening was 
brilliant in the extreme. 
The water was dotted over 
with boats carrjingtorches, 
while fires were lit upon 
the surrounding hills. 




BRITISH STBAilSHIP EURYALUS, IN WHICH PRINCB ALFRED IS AT SEA. 




14 



BALLOUS 



MCTOlllAL UEAAVING-ROOM COMPANION. 



f flit's €axntx. 



WE MKT AND FARTED. 



Wo mvt nnd purU^dj ndUlicr Iiwrl 
Conwlous tliBt in IIjo roiuloK i'^nr" 

Out Imnd-i voxiM join P"*^' 
Uolll llio rocMengoi- oppfow- 

Wp mot (inJ pnrtcd ; hIi*. « elifld, 
I, In llio pride Hiat coniM with nge; 

8bc, !□ hiT young jcnm gnj unJ wild, 
I, tobt^nd by tlm-j'ii forwftrd ntngu. 

Wc met iind parK-d, Ywirfl rolled by, 
And tlicii it (rlimiccd no met once mora ; 

We pnTu llio wi'lccmo "'"l reply, 
And proudly alio her slallou boro. 

Womut. nnd li'ivBnotpnrtod. Now, 
Hor life linici'rorth will blcud wltli mlooj 

M'c at loFO'H slirliir toKr-th.-r bow, 
And drlok nfleetlon » prii clcM wlno. 

IJcr wlillo liand He* wJtLln iny own, 
Her whito honrt boldi ft lovo m piiro 

As thiit nbicli i-untro» round the Throne, 
Aud llk<i tUftt lovo will lier ii cndoro. 

Ucr young llfo and mj older yenn" 
(I.lko April uin 'ncatli AoguBt * i"un) 

Are bli'ut by lli'H thnl nmck nt feart, 
Aud uviT In joy'* ihnnnrl run. 

WISTKK HEN0VATK3 NATUIIK. 

All nature fi-i'ln tbn ronovntioK fono 
or wInUT. only to tlie tliounhtlvw fje 
In ruin tvvn. The fftii.l-eouco((od glotw 
Draws lu nliundnnt veituliiblc soiil, 
Aud BnlliiTs viKor for tiie . nuilng year. 
A siri^iiffer Blow ultri on tin* lively fbeuk 
Of rud'ly fmt. ond lucuK'nt uIoor 
TLo pnriT river- lluw ; llieir rtiilk'H deepn, 
Tmn-pnrc Jit, open lo Ihu Miopberd'* gaw. 
And muriunr lioarHer ut the IImdr trout. 

TllOSCSOS. 

nOMK. 

Sweet In tilt) snjlie of homoi the mutual look 

WUfii bi'iirt' tire of eaeli oth'T *mi'| 
Swmit all tliii Joys Ihiit erown tin- housoliold nook, 

Th.' Iiniiol 111 "11 uirei'tluna iiuro ; 
Yet III llie world p'l'i" tlie-'U iibtdo, and WO 

Abine the world, our i-iillliiK brauit. 
Onei! uirain tbr nionn[iiln-tO|i. nnd Ihon nrt free; 

TiU the", who reit, pnuuinu i who turn to look, are 
lost, K«DLI. 

AVAKICE. 

Avnrlco o'crnhoola 
lid dcHlini'd uinrk; aud with abmidauce eurnod, 
In weiillh thoillMof poTertj cndur< « — I1»I-LT. 



(eiUtov'js (SiWi! <£i»»|v^ 

And is it ludiid e. year, remlor dear, *iiice we wore 
tilihloK you liuppineM and all *orts of good thing* at the 
beginning of a twelvo-inoudi ? lioiv time llle*, to be 
Burol— an liuit an I'llnreMi, the la*t time Ton Ilroek tried 
heron the Huglinh lurf. Well, then, lirnt \\f Are ren.ly 
for Another Leut. We have jnst lakni a btcnth, « rip of 
wntcr, and are now In "condition to run for ft mim'* 
life. ' Wo Intend lo "niJtke piny "' this Hmo. Klru- 
where we huve e^tplaitied our "points" and our pur- 
poKS— you chnll judge of our p or forum nee. nnd wn ivlU 
only nay at the stnrt that, if pliiek, perpitveiiiueo iiml iu- 
duHtry can rauimaud encce**, j ou shall wy " woU done,*' 

whon we come In lit tUo "fourth quarter'' '-Aud 

wtinl do you think of rkeolomiul- " Is the (jueBtlon 
oskcd on cvpry hand, Think' why, that eho In n pretty, 
ptquanto, trt^cinating, bewildering crenture, not "voice 
and nothiiig eliie," ill'.e lomo pnnit ilviintf, but oeting 
niauQer with Bulllcleut vornl ability added to make her 
lntere>tiug but not wondrou*— a very attraeUvo little 
pDnson, aud iiulte noitliy of dollur«, bouquolA, pullt aud 

oereuidiw, Hon we luiprovo upon our " forbear*.'" 

Onco the little Frog Pond iilouo garo uc ceopo lor the 
Iluhiog iteel HuU the rnriDUR " hoekey," but novr n hroiid 
Gold of ie« expaudit ltd dull uilrror on the Common ut 
the bidding of ihu City Kither*, large onough for lb* 
niaiia'uvi'i's of a rcgluiiDt of tboH> Nortlioru wiirriorti 
«ho go to hutcie on »kat«s. and " ent the figure 8 " be- 
fore cutting up their encmie* with the broadsword. 
Skating U oil the f^hion tbi* viuler. Hy the ^nly, 
ivanldu'l It bu a good Idea for Ibo Jftinnicn Pond people 
to got up a e«rotriii on the ice, admitting none but fancy 
dreuc*. RuMian, Pollfb, Nurwegiiiu nnd Dutch co«tumeii 
would fhCf to ndvButuge, and a Pulrinvllo or a fovr bcnra 

on skates would furnish a IcaTou of fun The Into 

Itov. Juhn T. Itoddan, of the church ot St. Vlucout do 
P.LUI, who dii'd last month, wan a man of vnrlud leurning 
anil powerful mind, pious, worthy aud beloviHl. The 
funer<tl coluranitius ut the cathcjrni iu Fnioklln Streot 

nere very Imposing aoi largely uttended A young 

ItAliao, lre«h from Sicily aa hi« own ontnj^]>, a nell-cdu- 
rated, talented person, who baa labored hard to get fa- 
uiUinr trlth ItnglUh ktterit.aud liaa read Ilic be<ilHutlior.<i, 
from Chiiui'er downward, dllntud thu* on the poets: 
" I'o-pc b very aionh liko Horace- ] like hlni very uiMh ; 
but I tkuk Byron w;i« very sorry pool.'" " Wha"! Uyron 
u >orr; poof. 1 thought he was a fiiTorito with Italians' " 
"0, jee, I adore blm very monh ; 1 almost do ndmlro 
him ; but he wai Tcry jufry poei." '■ llow to ? Byron e> 
eorry bard?" "0 jos, very aorry ; don't you tlNh fof 
mtiKo Jm«— very mel-nn-choly i don't you Dud lilm »oT 
1 always feel »ery sorry ivhcn I read blm I link he * 
far more eorry than I'elriirca; don't youf ' Tlii« vill 
remind the reader of the very Jtrong term usrd by a 
FrcnehiOBD, wbo, on heing acked what wai tbo uute 



Of hi* evld-n, Mdn«.. repIiM: " 1 "J^t h«r n,y 

LorlNh gentlemen and Ihelr Moorish ^.rvaut have ar- 
rlrcd lo England, to pureba« gun* for tbB emperor of 
Mormeo The three Moori-b gentlemen arc great gun* 

,„l„clrowncoun.ry Never was the l-r^neh betUT 

translated Into plain S.ion than In the .tory whieh 1. 
told of an old fwhlonecl couple, who received a (.rd ol 
l«,vii..tl»ii to dinner from »om« much gayer folks tluio 
thern/rlvej. At the bottom of the rard w,i* the thou new 
It V P. This puMled the wrrlhy pair. U might 
pu«le II* in these days, although most of us are a little 
belter acnualnU-d with the I'n^ach,-- Ili*3'<""'" > '' 
p:a-i^ (.n*wer. If you plea-e), The old genitemau look 
a n*p upon It, from which he wa. waked by lOs l»ilp- 
„.„,.., who said, ancr shaking blm up, ' My love, J have 
found It out, K.8. V. P. U means-rememhor sU very 

punctual The 8«lom RegUter rfmarh* : " " Uh all 

that is *i.ld of the ■ u.anteMy Inactrvlly ' of Salen., and 
the croaking- in regard to It* future a. a place of bn.l- 
c«a. eensu. show* un Incrwso In It* population, 
and each year .bow* a re-pfctablc addition of new build- 
ings ■' The Otlomtti. Port<i i* getting decidedly cco- 
nomlcaJ. Bumptunry law* are In f:ivor, Pipe, eneir^k-d 
with prvclous stone* .ire forbidden. In Ibo public olllcea 
neither eoHee, pipea nor sherbert are henceforward to be 

^„Kd No one, mj» Dean Lokor, will ever nblne in 

convorMtion who think* of «»ying Due things. To ple-iMi. 
one must *ay muuy lMi>S» indillcrout, and muny very 
bad. ThU last rule of Vcnn s U rarely viotnled in so- 

cMy Tiger Tail, with a baud of over one hundred 

Semlnoic*, ^ "till looic on the ea«t^>rn coMt of Florida. 
It 1* to be hoped that thi* band of marauders will ho 
got rid of at lesJ- expense to the government than II « ost 

to get rid of Billy bowlegs Mr. IlldBdule, who died 

in Hngland biUly. wiis a *portl.ig man of some noloiicty. 
It iH said that years ago he had a hundred horaea, aud was 
worth tbou«ind*i he diedwllh only 3d. iu Ms porket, 
(indBBUbpcrlptlonsatud him from a pauper's funeral. 

That 8 ft Ksson to fast men— will they heed UT The 

New York Saturduy Pre.'s «iy» : " A Western publbiher 
announces ft new edition of ' Tuppcr's Pcr-verb-iftI Phl- 
loiiojdiy ;■ the price of the book per verb is not stated— 
an oeeurronco whlrb, considering tho verbose tendem-y 

of theftUtbor,is rather eoriou*." Somobody say*: 

Word* are but tho bannerets of an army, a few bits of 
waving color hero aud theroi thougbU are tho mnin body 

of tho foolmeii that march unseen below You oau 

buy almost tvurytblng in Jy^udon. Snakes and adder* 
are sold for their skin*. Ib dgebog*, which arc found 
prlneipaliy In Essex, are sold for a Hhilliug ftplece, their 
spoolnllty being tho dcilrnctlon of bluek beetles. Lli- 
ards, for which It seems there are nuiny chance custom- 
ers In the ^trceU, sell for livopenco apiece, and nro gon- 
ornlly caugiit In the neighborhood of IlanipsUuid and 
Uighgate, Frogs fetch eUponeo aud a shilling a doiou, 
and it is gravely u^selU•d aro rcguliirly nnd constantly 
purchased by Frenchmen for rulloary purposes; nudouo 
itiueraul vender of these f/""" rome*llblcs is said to 
have supplied the keeper of ft French hotel In Leicester 
Sijuaiv n-gularly with three do»cn a week during the sea- 
son. Snalli', which arc used for feeding birdi principally, 
but which rumor aiulgns nl?o to fon'igocra, for the pur- 
pose of muktiig Boup, nre sold for half a crown a pail- 
ful The gmnd duke of Tuscany huf recently nUed 

llio duty on cigars, and to punlsb him, n league ba* been 
formed pledged to pipe-smoklng exeluslvely. Tho oppo- 
sition, of course, will end in smoho Tho new-f.ish- 

ionod bnndkcrchleb iu Paris aro very pretty, and rtmark- 
ablo for nealneas and siniplieitj. They aro small and 
*(|uiirc. and aro orn;un«nted by narrow plaits on which is 
a life-ht embroidery; bi'lween the plnlls the cambric Is 
also embruldercd, aud has the ap|«'ttranre of a muslin 

in*i;flion Louis Napoleon is cerUlnly a shrewd man, 

and hi* recent coup Is a great one iu a enmll way. Wea- 
ried ond db-gusted at tlie n'prOnrheB wliitb bad been 
heaped aguinut bl* govfruuient, in consequence of Ibe 
high nite of root lu the enpital, which bad driven all 
small fortunes beyond the Iwvrrlers, he had requested a 
wscurcb to hi) mndc after Ibo remedy. Kono hud boeu 
found, even by tho clearest head.* In that dopftrtment of 
admlni»lratiou, when bis miyesty biuiself oime Hi the 
rescue by suggesting the Impo.-itlon of a heavy tax upon 
all empty npartmeutd. Tiiis is forthwith to bo done, 
nud the terror of the proprietors Is visible in the sudden 
depression of rent, which has lowered one nuartcr since 

tho last term. Dr. Adoliib Illrseh, a youug Israelite, 

has so distinguished himself as an astronomer, that the 
Intpcriul acudemy of Yienun bas published several of his 
Ireatiseii lu its memoirs, lie was also appointed assistant 
In the luipcrial observatory of Paris, under Levcrrier, 
aud bail now been called as director, of the new observa- 
tory at Neufehalel Some people are curious In tlieir 

selertiuu of presents, A Texnn paper mentions having 
received a letter fKnn a friend aceompuuied with the 

scalp of a Camauche Indian Knt-l«U soup is the 

new disli In the Pari* restaumnt« since the China treaty. 
A Unc mince of bamboo sticks, and electric eel stew are 
also favorably mentioned. Wo tdiould think the lut- 

muntioned dlidi would be -' shocking.'' " Four-and- 

twenly blackbirds baked iu a pie" our old nuncry 
rhyme told US was a " dainty dish to sot before a kingj'' 
but Zimmerman tell* us that Frederick the Great tv- 
qnlrd something more sulistautlal. lie says; ■'To- 
day the king bad taken a great quantity of soup, uiade 
as usual of the strongest gravy drawn from the mont 
healing things. With liis portion he mixed a large tnble- 
spoonful of pouude'l mace nud pounded ginger. Uc theu 
eat a largo slice of beef slewed iu bntndy. This he fol- 
luned up bj a copious iillowauce of an Italiau dish, com- 
poxd half of malie Uour aud half of Parmc^u cheese ; 
to thiit is added the juice of garlic, and the whole is tried 
In butter till it ucquin-s a crust as thick as oue'b finger, 
Tlii^ hvorit« disb Is called polcnia. At length the king, 
praUing the excellent ajipetite which tlie dandelion had 
given him, cnnoluded the scene with a large plate of eel 
pie, exceedingly hot aud highly seasoned- While at 
table the king tell ash-ep. aud was sclicd with ronvul- 
slons." If be bad c«caped the convubioua he would 
bare bad tbo digestion of an o«iricb, which r^itber pre- 
ferti gravvlilouks and Ivn-pcoDy nails toonythiug tighter 



r„ . diet The last dog story we have met l»«fol- 

: s tme tlmeagoarcidcnt of >""lJorough Bfa« 
sold a large d-^g- The purcba/er took the dog to New 
t k "1. dog followed bim about the city until he 
.uddenly found U. be missing, At two o'clock the 
cext afternoon the dog arrived at bis old home In MarW 
borough, having, In twenty-or:e j'"", 

160 mile* A good anecdote of Professor Ag^Mr i" 

Ud!i°n a new volume in prc.s In thisci.y. The professor 
had decliued to deliver a lecture before somo 
public society, on account of the inroads wb.eh prevlou 
lectures given by him had n.ade upon bis " "^ 

thoughts. The gentleman who had been deputed to In- 
vlf blm continued to press the invitation, assunng blm 
that the society wn* ready to pay him liberally for h.s 
service*. "That is no inducement to me." replied 

Agassii " i "n""! ""^ ""■""^ 

money Cholera was carrying off a great number 

of people In Japan, at last advices Its fir*t appearance 
wa* said to have been after the arrival of an American 
man-of-war, on board of which a ease bad o.;curied. The 
ciroumstance bad prejudiced tho Japanese agaiual for- 
elgneo.. They suppowd their walls bad been pol- 
foati The Central Park iu New York is to be flood- 
ed for a public skating ground, ftud some public spirrted 
clllwuB of Dulfalo have hired some unoccupied land for 
the same purpose. The Manchester Mirror snys (hat the 
Indies of lliftl city have petitioned the Amoskeng Com- 
pany for the privilege of skating upon their enclosed res- 

c„oir PIpps Is extraordinary joker. Ue will go 

any length to make a pun. The other day ho called on 
'jc taylor man '' to order a pair of ob-no-wo-never-nien- 
tlon-ems. lie wanted them done in a hurry. After giv- 
ing the necessary directions, bo iuformcd the knight of 
the needle that they should U- done by Monday. " They'll 
be done, I'll promise you," was the reply. -All right," 
said Pipps. ■' Don't disappoint; now thati liavea proroife 
of lirecches, don t let mo have any brcachea of promiae." 
The tailor hna been raving over since. 




Matters in Qeneral. 

The bist arrivals from Europe hove brought us no 
now* of very sWrlling importjince. The English press 
conUnue to publish bitler articles on tho prosccuiioa 
and eondemnatiou of Count Uontnlembert lo an impris- 
onmoutof six months and a Bne of 3000 francs. Tbo 
publisher of the " Coixe.-poudant," in which the obnox- 
ious article appeared, was sentenced to one month's im- 
pri*onment and a flue of JOOO frnoca. The speeches of 
Mems, Berryer aud Dufiinre, counsel for the defendant;, 
were magniCceot specimens of eloquence, logic and in- 
dependence, nnd have raised tho French bar iu the opin- 
ion of the world. The protccutlon by the government 
was what TaUeyrand would have styled "worse tbiiu a 
crime— a blunder.' — The OnUvay line has concluded a 
conlraet with Piilmer Bros. & Co. ot Newcaatle-on-Tyne 
for tho construction ot three first class side-wheel steam- 
era, to be ready for sea respectively in June, July and 
August next. They arc to be of huge capacity, and It is 
suld that a guaranty bos been given that they shall be 
equal to the performance of 20 miles per hour, minimum 
speed, with ft conBumplion of only 70 tons of coal per 
day —The " Great Eastern " stciiuisbip, which has occu- 
pied so large a share of the attention of the world since 
the laying of her k™i, will most certainly be ready for 
sea early in the summer, ond will niako ber first voyage 
lo Portland. Her safe arrival in tho United State's will 
create iw much of a fcosation as tho successful layiiig of 
the Atlantic cable.— The London Times still coutSuues to 
berate Mr. Heed, United Stales couinmaiouer to China, 
and to sneer at our trenty.— Mr. Lemon Oliver, the Lon- 
don (.lock broker, who waa found guilty of forgery, and 
applying to bis own use securities and property entrust- 
ed to bis caro, has been sentenced to 20 years' penal 
servitude.— The Queen of England regrolu tbo impossi- 
bility of her paying a visit to ber loyal I'linadiaus, but 
one of the princes will b; sent over and may come in tbo 
■' Qreat Ea» tern. "—There have been recently some gales 
in tbo Mcditerrauean , doing great damage to the sbip- 
pitig — The KlL'g of Naples is said to have decided thai all 
foirigners who are employed in bis States must be nat- 
uralir.cd. 

Uagpaelism of Iron Bliips. 

Mr. Arcbib:>ld Smith, an Eugllsh mnthematieian of 
niueh obillly, has published a paper OU the principles 
which alfecl the development, destruction, audchange.* iu 
the magnetism of iron ships. According to Mr. Smith, tbo 
magneti.Hin of Ireu ships in its action on thecompassmay 
be represented by a vertical and n borhontal iron or mag- 
netic bar swinging round a eom]mf9; that the changes 
take place in a ship's niugnelUm by change of magnetic 
bititude; that there are InUuences in a ship derived from 
the varieties of form and position, relatively to the coni- 
piLss. of particular miuises of iron, which may act us nnt- 
uml correctives; that the plan of covrectiug the duration 
of iron siiips by fixed magui W— unless in placid or lim- 
ited voyiigos — is unsafe, and in going to southern regiouB 
aggravates the errvr ; that tbo twisting of the iron matc- 
risls of a ship will tend, e.'peciolly in ships recently 
launched, to alter ibe magnetic action on the compass; 
that it requires time to elleet tbe obanges lu a sblp'^ 
magnetic distribution, which ultimately may, in regions 
distant from the place ol buiiiUng, be etfectcd. 

Air as a Locomotive Power. 

Eiporimcnt* have been made by Messrs, Andrand and 
Jullen, of Pari*, on so largo a scale as to pbice beyond 
doubt the feusibilily of u*iug compressed air as a means 
of locomotion. Ity thrlr experiments it is ascertained 
that with one cubic metre of air at eight atmospheres — 
that Is. eight cubic metres reduced lo one — tlie power is 
obtained of trausporliog on rails a charge ot fifteen tons 
to a distance of one kilometer. A tmin ol cars will then 
require— say of 200 tons— 13-3 cubic melics of air at 
j eight atmospheres to run over one kilometer of road, and 
I 625 cubic meues to puu tb« length of the tunnel. 



These 623 cubic metres of compressed air will carry Into 
tbo tunnel 6000 cubic matrea of air of tbe normal pr«i- 
sure. so that ten ttrUns of the night will conduct In 
W.OOO cubic metres. The dry tr^us. less heavy but 
more rapid„wiU conduct in about tho same amount of air. 

French Opera. 

Louis Napoleon bas rrfuscd to autboriw the erection or 
a new opera house in Paris, and so bis subjects must bo 
conleul with the prcwnt one in the Unc Lepelletier. 
One would think the emperct would hardly care to visit 
_ place whfTo ho come so near being annihilaWd by Or- 
siul's bombshells His majesty cares very little for 
music, but Is passionslely fond of the ballet, which is a 
prominent feJilure lu the atlnietloofl of tbe French opera. 

Chinese Priests. 

The foreign paper* arc full of details of Chinese llfS, 
many of which are quite Intereetiug. It appears that 
the finaticlsui of the Cliinesc bonwrs, or prieets. is pure- 
ly external. To move the compassion of the multitude 
somo of them fasten heavy chains thirty feet long to 
their neck, and drag tbia vast weight, saying:— "You 
see what it costa us to expiate your sins— can't jou let 
us have a little money?" 

A Frencli Qaeck. 

A cariwntcr has been hauled up before the police court 
in Paris for practir-lng on the credulity of tbo public. 
He had invented an Infallible remedy for curing diseoiea 
of the skin. If you we(» troubled with o. cutaneous 
eruption, be aj.pUed a planter which took away tbe aklu. 
Ko skin, no dL-eaee of tbo *kln~a verv logical theory. 

Monaoo. 

The Prince of Monaco, they say, is willing lo sell out 
hi:" little ten-mile-square kingdom on the Mediterranean 
to the Emperor of Russia or anybody who will pay a 
pretty f«ir sum for It. The prince himself lives in Paris, 
aud as he is rather "fast"' is hard up for money, and 
very likely the Crjr may gel Slouaco at a bargain. 

French Luxury, 

A dinner was lately given at tbo Trols Frercs Proven- 
(;aux, Paris, at which the dessert alone cost 3000 dollars, 
thougli there were only six guests. This is easily ex- 
plained when we know that at Chevat's in the Palais 
Royal, they often get sixty francs for a fingle pair. 

Sarawak. 

The I.ondon Times, faithful to the idea which Impels 
England to atlfick by turns all nations wbeu its interest 
requires it. dufunds the pretensions of Sir James Brooke, 
rajah of Sarawak in Uoruco, who wishes the British gov- 
ernment to uunex his territory. 

JUadame Kossi. 

This di.*tiuguished French singer has nbaudoned the 
stage for the frying-pan- not being deU'rred by tbo hiss- 
ing so odious to the cars of n performer. In other words, 
she it keeping an inn somewhere on the const of Nor- 
mandy. 

Switzerland. 

It is reported from Berne that the foderal council has 
informed tlio Swiss chambers that tbe Clock-makers' 
Union of Chaus de Fonda was prepnring on expedition 
direct for Persia. China and Japan- tbo chambers of 
comnicvLe were iuviled to tako port in it. 

Oriental Pilgrims. 

Orio hundred and twenty Arab pilgrims, relurnlog 
from Mecca lately landed at Marseilles. 



NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

The Mostei:: or. Love and Lioehtt. By D. F. Pbiib- 
nuar. IJosloni Sbephard, Clark k Erown. 12mo. 
ISM 

The scene of this story is laid in this country. It con- 
tains some interesliog adventures, and evinces a good 
deal of power. 

Ajiarhs Days' Entehtainmests. Translated from the 
Germau by llEBtir.iit Phi.ha.m Clrtis. Boston: Phil- 
lips, Sampson & Co. ]2mo. pp. 434. 186B. 
These stories, if not quite equal to the Arabian Nights, 

arc in the Mime vein, and are delightful and entertaining. 

Tho true spirit of the Orient breathes through them, 

and the illustrations aid iu tbe understanding of tho 

text. 

TiiK Sociable: ob, Osb Thousam> and Oke Home Ahdse- 
SIB.MT9. Ity tbe author of tho "Mngiclan's Own Book." 
New York: Dick & l'it/.geraid. 12mo. pp. 877. 
There it au endleJW fund of rational amusement for 
homo circles In this work— acting proverbs, charades, 
tabteuux vivant.', ]>arlor magic. puKBles, a perfect ency- 
clopedia iu fart of nil that the wit ot man bas devised 
for social enu-ruiiiimcnt. A belter book for a holiday 
present we know not. For Bale by A. WilHiimB & Co. 

Lire AND TiJitH or Sin Phiup Sip.vev. Boston : Ticknor 

& Fields, lanio. pp. 2S1. 1859. 

Beautifully printed and liberally illustrated, this coiu- 
pleU' essay ou one of tbo most charming chnrnetcra in 
history comes to na in a btling garnltui-e The life of 
Sir Philip Sidnev bas been touched upon by able pons, 
among others that of the poet Longkllow, but no com- 
plete bingraphv has hitherto appeared. The work bas 
been well done by onr author, and we trust it will he 
found in the hands of every ttoughtful reader. 

A Yacht Vovaob. LrriKna raoa Hiun Latitudes, eto. 
By Lord DurFERix. Boatou: Ticknor & Fields. 12mo. 
pp. 3.S7. 186'J. 

In l^^tl I/ird DiiflVrla made an adventurous voyage to 
Iceland. Jiin Majen and Spitsbergen in the schooner 
yncht ' Koaui," and ho has given the fruit* of bis obser- 
vation in a book as rciidable us ■■ Bubbles Irom tbe Brun- 
nens," or a ".iournoy Due North.'- One of the best 
things wo ever re<id. i^ bis lordship's after-dinner speech 
in Luliu lu rcspon^•e to the proposition of his health by 
tbe Bishop of Srntlund. But the book is brimful of 
good things, and must be a uuivetNtl favorlUi. lu Kng- 
laud it hBs already goue through many editions. 
Tlion^DAI.^;: or, Tnr CosnJcr or Ofisions. By William 

Smith. Jlo.-lon: Ticknor & Fields. 12mo. pp. biA. 

166!). 

This work, wblcb will command the attention of every 
thonghtlul reader, is written in a style *o charmiug iu« 
to Hiake Us metaphjsies attractive, while its theories are 
Ing^'oious and iU thoughts original. 

CnmsTM.vs Hours. By tbe author of tbe "Homestead 

Path. ' Boston: Ticknor & Fields. 

This little work considers Christmas Day under its 
moral nnd religious aspect, and is well calculated to exert 
a happy iulluence, 



BALLOrS PICTORIAL DRAAVING-ROOM COMPANION. 



15 



iStiitorial ittclange. 



Auguatus XI., « king of Poland, could roll up 
a silver plate, tike a !^hcct of paper, and twist Ilie 
strongest horse-slioc asunder. The ociiial out- 
lay upon the English nary for the year ending 
Mnrrh 31, 1S5T, was nearly two millions of 
pounds less than the money voted by Parlia- 
meni ; but the army and militia exceeded sever- 
al thousands the money voted, the difference be- 
ing covered by drawing upon the vote for the ex- 
traordinary expenses of the Russian war. In 

Baltimore, Thomas Connery shot his brother who 
tried to persuade him to go homo when he was 

drunk. A " lloaiing-dcrrick," the second ever 

made in England to raise sunken ships, was 
lately launched at Blackwall. It consists of a 
strong hull plated with iron, built on the cell 
principle, of light draught, flat bottomed, and 
propelled by stcnm power. A gigaulic crnne 
capable of hoisting one thousand Ions is fixed in 

the hull. It is announced, for the benefit of 

those persons who did not get a sight of the 
comet, that it will again appear before the pub- 
lic, for a few nights only, in the autumn of 

2147. There is now living in Norfolk, Va., 

on Queen Street, a negro woman who is in her 
one hundred and twentieth year. Her name is 
Sarah Maliory, and she retnius all her faculties 
in a remarkable degree. Her youngest son is 
now living, aud U between seventy and eighty ; 
his youngest is thirty-four, who is himself the 

father of an interesting family. The first 

steamboat launched on AVestcrn waters was 
built at Pittsburg in 181 1, seven years btfore tho 
first lake steamer. Jlore than a thousand steam- 
boats are now employed on the Mississippi and 

its trihutariea. Mr. EUett, tho engineer, 

engaged in a grand scheme for improving the 
navigfttion of the Kanawha Kiver, by forming a 
vast reservoir or mountain lake to feed that 
stream during low water. Tho cost of tho 
land and damages it is supposed will exceed 
31,500,000, while S200,000 will ho required for 

the dam. On seurcliing the house of an old 

genlloraan who died in a to\vii near New Bed 
ford, a short time since, a bag was found con- 
taining about 31000 in Mexican dollars and half 
dollars, and SI 200 in bills of oue of tho New 
Bedford banks, being among its earliest issues, 

and dating back nearly thirty years, Gen. 

Niel, of the French Engineers, has just published 
a "Journal of the Operations of the Siege of 
Scbastopol." Ho states that during tho siege, 
which lasted 334 days, the French artillery threw 
into the town 510,000 round shot, 236,000 shells 
from howil/.crs, 350,000 shells from mortars, and 
8000 rockets; during the war tho French infan- 
try fired 25,000,000 cartridges. Quebec has 

become a dangerous place to live in. The Mer- 
cury says : — " The City Council, which often sits 
under a guard of fifty police, was again besieged 
last night, and the flour stores have been threat- 
ened by riotous assemblies of the people. These 
are the circumstances under which the naviga- 
tion closes and the winter commences in this 

city." A Turkish porter will trot at a rapid 

pace, carrying a weight of 600 pounds. Tho 

people of Bi-ooklyn, N. Y., are agitating the 
subject of a grand public park for that city. 
Tho locality proposed to be devoted to this pur- 
pose is Ridgewood Heights, where tlie water res- 
ervoir is situated. The costume of the Span- 
ish ladies has not changed for 200 years. They 
actually wear the same style of dress that their 

grandmothers wore. In the Church of All 

Souls, Eangham Place, London, wa* a very fine 
picture of great value, "Jesus Crowned with 
Thorns." Some person secreted himself in the 
church, and during the night cut up into shreds 

«nd completely destroyed the picture. It is 

told as a fact, that there is not an unmarried 

man oq Capo Cod. Seventy-five thousand 

three hundred and ten emigrants have arrived at 
Castle Garden during the past year to Nov. 24, 
which ia a decrease of one thousand six hundred 
and five as compared with the number of arrivals 

to same date iho previous year. At the Indian 

Conference of tho Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South, the venerable Bishop Early ordained 
twelve Indians, principally chiefs of their tribes, 

to the gospel ministry. A. C. Johnson, a 

young man living at Mount Vernon, Illinois, is 
said to be a master of the Latin, Greek, Hebrew, 
Spanish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, 
Dutch, Danish, Swedish and Russian languages. 
At the age often years he commenced the study 
of Latin, and ho continued his studies as rapidly 
as his means would allow him to purchase 
books. The Board of Education of Marietta 



School District, Marshall County, Iowa, have 
declared that no girls who wear hoop«i shall bo 

admitted into the school of tint district. The 

application of American citizens for permission 
to rnn a submarine cable from Havana to Key 
West, has been granted by her Catholic majesty, 
solely upon condition that both ends of the cable 
are to bo under Spanish control ; and if other- 
wise the application is to bo considered as ro- 

joctcJ. Queen Victoria has presented to tho 

Emperor Napoleon the funeral car on which the 
remains of the great Napoleon were conveyed to 
his lomh in St. Helena. This hine will prevent 

any war from bi\iwing at present. Tho total 

value of steamers afloat on tho Mississippi and its 
tributaries is more than SiHl.000,000. They num- 
ber as many as fifteen hundred— more than twice 
tho steamboat tonnage of England, and equal to 

that of all other part.^ of the worid. Since tho 

discovery of the Lake Superior copper mines, 
in 1845, thirteen vessels, mostly steamers, en- 
gaged in the tnulo, have been lost. The value 
of tlie vessels was S3G6,500, and of their cargoes 
3125,500. Ninety-five persons lost their lives. 



OniiAT T«I'-SP1>MNG. 

Mr. Harris, U. S. Consul General at Japan, 
gives an dcconnt of a juggler's pcrfurmnnco in 
the wav of top-spinning, witnessed by bim, which 
is truly wonderful. In tho first place, the per- 
former took an ordinary peg-lop aud set it to 
spinning in the air. He itien caught it on his 
hand and transferred it to the keen edge of a 
sword-blade, making it traverse from hilt to 
point and back again, by inclining the sword, 
the top spinning nil tho time. Another feat per- 
formed, was to set the top spinning in the air, 
and then to throw the cud of tho string towards 
it, and cause it to wind itself with the siring, tho 
other end being retained in tho hand ; so that the 
top returned to tho hand prnpcriy wound and 
ready to be spun again. A sub-variety of this 
performance consisted in making the top spin 
up an upright polo, knock at the door of a little 
wooden house on the summit, and disappear 
within. In this case tho hand end of the stnng 
was fastened near the door of the small house, 
and tho top was made to climb tho polo by iho 
self-winding process. Tho Japanese jugglers 
perform many other curious feats, such as mak- 
ing paper butterflies fly in tho air and alight 
where they please, by means of a common fan. 



Refoem in TuniCEY.— A sot of regulations 
hos been issued by the sultan, in order to check 
the luxury of government olTicials and em- 
ployees. Pipes set with precious stones are for- 
bidden. In the public oflices, pipes, coffee and 
tobacco aro forbidden. Only ollicers of the high- 
est grade aro allowed two horses to their car- 
riages, and the lower ofocials aro limited to one- 
horse teams and caiques with two pairs of oars. 
The Turkish functionaries are re(iucslcd to put 
this in their pipes and smoke it, and will find 
when they wish to make a show on the water, 
that all their caique is dough. We fancy that 
gome of the swells will say, "Abdul Medjid is 
not the boss for us!" (Bosphorus). 

TiiF, BEARDED LovER.— A gay young gen- 
tleman engaged lo be married to a young lady in 
Lyons, wa* advised to shave otf his magnificent 
beard aud be married in a smooth chin. When 
the bride camo to see him she fainted, on discov- 
ering a striking resemblance to a criminal who 
bad been guillotined. So the poor bridegroom, 
finding it impossible to overcome tlic repugnance 
of the lady, consented to a postponement of the 
match, and, with inaledictioiiB on barbers, razors 
and officious friends, is furiously cultivating an- 
other beard, on the growth of which all his hopes 
of happiness depend. 

French Re3TACbant8.— At tho French eat- 
ing-houses they have recently introduced several 
new dishes bonowed Irom the Chinese, such as 
bird's nests, shark's fins, grasshoppers, ants, liz- 
ards and water-snakes. These, in addition to 
the old standard dish of fricasseed liogii, and the 
more recent coll steaks, crown the delight of 
Gallic epicures. 



Hcenan bets and Piccolomini cigars arc among 
the latest novelties in Cincinnati. 

Judge Pruden has decided in favor of omni- 
buses running in Cincinnati on Sundny. 

Mayor Swan, of naliimoro, has vetoed Iho bill 
for procuring steam fire onginca for that city. 

Tho Middlesex Company, at Lowell. Mom., 
are making heavy woolou Balmoral ekint for 
the girls to skate in this winter. 

Advices from Japan state that a prince of that 
country was about to visit the United Slates, 
attended by a suite of fourteen pcnons. 

Tho Capo Ann Advertiser estimates tho lo«a 
to the Gloucester fishing tlcct by accident tho 
past year at 310,000. 

Tho assessed valuation of property in Phila- 
delphia for 1859 is S155.«9T,fi69. which is an 
increase over 1S58 of about S 1,000,000. 

Letter writers from Washington declare that 
women make tho most nuccesiiful lobby agents 
for managing members of CongiTs.*. 

There aro sovcniy two papers published in 
I^ouisiana, of which forty-four are in English, 
eightcon in English and French, eight in Freneh, 
two in German, and one in Spanish. 

The Mississipptan states that the experiment 
of excluding all paper money of a denomination 
less than live dollai-s lias succeeded perfectly in 
tho State of Mississippi. 

A company of Now York capitaliata have 
bought a water power and two hundred acres of 
land at Moline, Wisconsin, and int^-nd to erect 
several largo manulacliiring cslabli>*buieiits. 

The courts in Canada have decided that per- 
sons travelling on a railway with a fivo pass can 
claim no damages for an accident. Our courts 
have maintained the contrary doctrine. 

Robert Dalo Owen died at the Uear's Head 
Hotel, Newton, and what is strange, there is not 
a single inhabitant now alive in the place who 
was there when ho left it, a child ten years of 
ago. 

It is reported that Commodore Stewart has 
been granted leave of absence by tho Navy De- 
partment, for his intended vi>it to Europe. Ho 
will remain, it is said, in tho command of the 
Philadelphia Navy Yard. 

There are some nice girls "down east." In 
South Penobscot some of thcra hauled a barrel 
of flour on a hand sled two miles to Rev. Mr. 
Dunbar, of Penobscot, and delivered it to him us 
a Thanksgiving present. 

Thai young lady called the " Highland Maid," 
whoso feats of pedestrianism at New York have 
attracted attention, peiformed tho extraordinary 
operation of "walking" out of Poughkeepfeio 
without paying her bills one night recently. 

Col. Fremont's steam quartz itiIII at Bear Val 
ley, Mariposa County, Cal., is said lo he paying 
handsomely. Seldom or never less than 31500 
has been taken out after a steady week's run, and 
as high as S.tOOO has been obtained. 

Mr. Robert Sltepel has finished his music to 
Longfellow's Hiawatha, and it will ho produced 
during tho preseut winior, Mrs. Stcepel (Matilda 
Heron) reciting portions of iho poem between tho 
musical parts. 

A foolish young man, recently from California, 
visited a gambling resort in Albany, and sUiking 
several hundrcil dollars and a gold watch at a 
faro bank, lost all. Ho was advised not to risk 
his property, but, like a fool, did not heed the 
advice. 



Female Mouestt.— Fonteuclle says that 
\\iih women modesty has great advantages: it 
increases beauty and serves as a veil to homeli- 
ness — rather a pretty thought. 



Tut; CiTv Of Palaces.— At the rate we are 
building up Boston, it will soon be as renowned 
for its architecture as for its crooked streets. 



Julia Smith, a professional thief, was arrested 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, a short time since, and un- 
der her hoops were found carefully stowed three 
towels, two table-cloths, one lookmg glass, three 
tumblers, one pair of pants, and a qaart bottle 
oL Madeira. 

Porter's Spirit of the Times states that more 
American racers are to bo shipped to England. 
Robert Harinn, of Cincinnati, bus just purchased 
a tine three-year old and two-year-old, with the 
view of running them tho next season on tho 
English turf. 

Mrs. Mary S. Edwards, wife of Alphcns S. 
Edwards, of the first comptroller's office, Wash- 
ington, was «o badly frightened o few days since 
bv the attempt of a ferocious dog to spring upon 
her, that her nervous syslcm was eomideiely 
prostrated, aud she died ehonly after. 

John Brobst, an old man, living in Cumber- 
land County, Md., has just been discovered to 
he the rightful owner of a large tract of mineral 
land in the heart of the richest mmerul region of 
Pennsvlvania, worth 38 000,000. He has sold 
out all' his right and title for «2,COO,000. 

"Doeslicks," or somebody like him, fnmishca 
tho New York Times with u sketch of the places 
of amusement in New York. He say» the Ger- 
mans have the most rational idea of recreation. 
They incline to good moral drtioia and eschew 
unhealthy clap-trap. 

The Third Aveuue Horse Railroad Company, 
in New York, csiimaic the number of people car- 
ried over their rood during the )ear at about 
8,000,000. Nearly 4000 miles per day are run 
by their 69 cars aud 12 stagC'*. The receipts for 
passengers during the year was $-102,50" 

An aged ladv from Springfield, 111., reached 
Detroit, a few days since, on her way to some 
friends in Vermont, but could go no further fur 
the lack of money, when the Sons of Malta, 
being convinced of her worthiness, made up a 
purse of $50 for her, and sent her on her way 
rejoicing. 



S>ant»s of *©ol)i. 

Man loves little and of\cn. wontftB much 

and rarely. — Batia. 

Haired is keener than friendship, lc»s 

keen than love. — r(iti'yiiiir>;fa. 

.... The mnre generally penions arc pleasing, 
tho lOM profoundly do Ihey please. — ^^Uitdhal. 

They only have lived long who havo 

lived virtuously.— ^'Am>/(rii. 

Poesy scrveth and conffcrrctli to mog- 

nauiraity, morality and delectation. — fiarvn. 

l^arn to hold thy tongue. Fivo words 

cost Zncbnriaa forty weeks of silence.- /W/#t. 

Heroism is the divine relation which, ill 

all times, unites a great man lo other men.— 

tviwyc, 

A woman often tbinka she is regretting 

the lover, when »ho U only regretting tho loTO.— 

Mtttfiii't^ dWivonville, 

The best reputation is that whith is es- 
tablished within the immediate sphere of one's 
duties.— ^"'■f-'. 

.... If wo did not take great pains, and were 
not at a great expense to corrupt our natures, 
our natures would not coruipt ns. — Cluirint-ii. 

Women like better to inspire lovo than 

esteem ; perhaps they have a secret aversion to 
those who only esteem ibom.— W<nHcA*iif. 

A loud voice commands attention ; a low 

voice entreats it ; and both receive it acconling 
to tho natures they address. — Bovtr. 

.... Many a wretch bos rid on a hurdle, who 
has done much less mischief than utlercrs of 
forged Iftles, coiners of icandal, and clippers of 
ropulntion ~Shtiiil(in. 

However dull a woman may bo, she will 

understand all tboro is in love ; however intelli- 
gent a man may be, ho will never know but half 
of it. — A/'Khnw Frt. 

.... Most commonly the enthusiasm f<ir study 
which distinguishes our morning of life, dcgcncr- 
ntns ere its noontime into an enthusiasm lo live 
genteelly. — liorrr. 

Compassion joined lo friendship produces 

so ardent a sentiment in certain women that it 
makes tlTtm commit tho same faultf as the most 
decided jiassion. — Miiditmf iV .Ufmn illr. 

Woman it rather made to bo loved thim 

10 love, like the flowers which feel nothing of 
their peifume, hut yield it to be felt by others. 
Women are tlio true flowers of love. — Alpliontc 

Women that are the least bashful are not 

unfrcquently tho most modest ; and wo are never 
more deceived, than when we would infer a laxi- 
ty of principle, from that freedom of demeanor 
which often arisca from a tola! ignorauco of 
vice.— Colion. 



JoUci'fl UxiH^U 

Tho man who had a cloud upon his brow has 
since been mist. 

Wo oflen hear of a widow mending her condi- 
tion by ro-pairing. 

Tho lady who knit her brows, has commenced 
a pair of socks. 

A conple wishing lo got married, used a "beo 
lino" lo tie tho knot. 

Why aro chicken's necks like door-boUn 1 Be- 
cause they are often rung for company. 

Why are a young lady's affeclions always 
doubted 1 BccouHO they are misgivings. 

Although one swallow will not make a snm- 
mcr, still a pin maliciously inverted in a chair 
will make one spring. 

There is a man in this city whoso racraorr is 
no short that it only reaches t^his knees. Per 
ronse(iucncc, he has not paid for his last pair of 
boots. 

" Bill," said one apprentice to another, "my 
boss is a l)etlcr man to work for than your old 
man. My boss aint alwaj^s round his shop, in- 
terfering with his own business." 

A wonran abandons her opinion the moment 
her husband adoi)t8 it. Even in church the wo- 
men sing an octave liigher than the men, in order 
not to agree with them in anything. 

Jorum was lold of a BU|>per at which goblets 
of ice, formed by evaporation, were uccd, from 
which to drink Vhampngne. Jorum heard tho 
story through, and then cxcloimcd— " Well, ice 

•ihtlier—" Here, Tommy, is tome nice castor- 
oil, with ornngo juice in it." Doctur—" Hoir 
don't give it all to Tommy; leave some for mo.' 
Tomioi/ (who has la.-ted it before)— " Doctor's a 
nice man, ina; give it all to the doctor 1" 

A witty man who lived in constant fear of 
bailiflTs, having absconded, one of his acquain- 
tances asked what was the reanon of his absence, 
to which ho replied, " Why, sir, I apprehend he 
was apprehensive of being apprehended, and so 
left to avoid apprehension !"' 

One of our exchanges, in noticing the presen- 
tation of a silver cup to a contemporary, says : 
" He needs no cop. He can drink from any ves- 
gel that contains liquor— whether tho neck of a 
bottle, the mouth of a demijohn, the spde of a 
keg, or the hang of a barrel." 

A man in Vermont, who has run for office for 
the last ten vcare, and bceu defeated every time, 
declines being a candidate any longer, and gives 
as a reason, " that the people have got eo m the 
habit of voting against him that it i» all uoDscusQ 
to try and break thtm of ii." 




M. M. BALLOU, j mNi™ stiSbt. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1859. 



a CBNTS ^INOLK. 
812 50 ri!ll ANNUM. 



I Vol. XVI.. No. 2...AViiolk No. 394. 



HON. STKPIIEN A. DOUGLAS. 

The portrait on this ptij^Q was drawn expressly 
for us by Mr. Honnir. I'rotn one of the hcautifiil 
lithographic likenesses of the Illinois Senator 
publidhod hy Mr. C. H. Brainard of thiR city, who 
has made it his speciality to produce heads of all 
the prominent men of the times, in a style of per- 
fection hitherto known only to European art. 
The engravinc of Mr. Homer's drawinc was 
made hy Mr. Damnrean, and is done in admir- 
able style. Though comparatively a young 
man, the subject of our present sketch hat been 
prominently before the public for many years. 
His career is an inierostinf^ one, not only in its 
political aspect, but as an example of a resolute 
struggle for honor and distinction, maintained 
with true Anglo-Saxon ptnck, and crowned with 
various successes. Stephen A. Douglas was 
bom in Brandon, Rutland County, Vermont, 
April 2.?, 1813. In July of the same year, his 
father, Dr. Stephen A. Douglas, a phyHician of 
eminence, died suddenly, leaving two children, 
the subject of our sketch, and a 
daughter not two years of age- 
When about fifteen years of age, 
the circumstances of his mother in- 
duced young Douglas to relinquish, 
or at feast postpone, his plan of 
completing his common school ed- 
acation by an academical course, 
and to learn a trade. He selected 
cabinet- making, and for nearly two 
years was engaged in that buKiness. 
The severity of the labor, however, 
proved too much for a delicate con- 
stitution, and he was compelled to 
abandon it. After studying a year 
at Brandon Academy, he went 
with his mother, who had married 
ft Mr. Granger, to New York, and 
became a student at Canandaigua 
Academy. At the same lime he 
commenced the study of law. In 
1813 he removed to the West, 
which lias ever since been his home. 
We find him at one time engaged 
in the law office of Mr. S, J. An- 
drews of Cleveland, Ohio, with a 
prospect of becoming us,sociated 
with that gentleman in business, 
but his hopes wore prostrated by a 
long illness. On the restoration of 
bis health lie left Cleveland and 
visited various cities of the West 
in seaich of employment. We find 
him entering the town of Winciies- 
t«r, Illinois, in the winter of 1833, 
with thirty-seven and a half cents 
in his pocket, and no immediate 
prospect of adding to that enor- 
mous capital. However, he hap- 
pened U) arrive just in lime to act 
08 clerk to a large auction sale of a 



merchant's m-operty, whicli lasted 
three days. This 

and cnalik'd him lo obtain a school 



lis made him known. 



with forty scholars, at three dullarti 
ft quarter eacli. Ho began his 
labors as a pedagogue on the first 
Monday of Decemner, 18.33 His 
evenings he devoted to th» sludy 
of law, having borrowed a few 
books of a legal friend. In March, 
18.14, he obtained a license, and 
commenced liia career as a lawyer. 
How well he succeeded may be 
inferred from the fact that in less 
than a year he was elected by a 
joint voie of the two hou.se3 of the 
legislature. State's Attorney, over 
Col. John J. Hardin. The position 
was a trying one, as it brought the 
youthful advocate as prosecutor in 
criminal cases, in collision with 
the fii-st lawyci-s of the State. But 
he held his own, and tiiumphed by 
the force of energy, industry and 
genius. Ho refcigned bis office in 
i8.?6 for a seat in the legislature, a» 
a representative for his coiiniy, 
which ho carried at the close of an 
aoimated, fierce and exciiing can- 
vass, his opponent being the distin- 

Soished and gallant Colonel John 
. Hardin, afterwards killed at 
*^iiena Viaia, at the heail of his reg- 
, iODt. We should have slated that 
[r. Douglas had taken a warm in- 
ffcet in politico from his boyhood, 
did Wds one of the earU«ai and 



most zealous supporters of General Jackson. In 
the legislature, he wns a loader of the minority 
which opposed the incrca.^e of the capital of the 
local hanks and the connecting of the State with 
its moneyed institutions, and also distinguished 
himself by his advocacy of internal improve- 
ments, and especially of the construction of the 
Illinois and Michigan cjinal and of the Illinois 
railroad system. In 1837 he was nominated by 
a democratic convention, candidate for Congress, 
at the olociion to be held on the first Monday in 
August, 18.18. He accepted the honor, without 
expecting to succeed, but hoping to slrcugtheu 
and consolidate his party. He onturud the can- 
vass with spirit, "stumping" the Stale, and 
making speeches nearly every week day for five 
months. The contest was so close that Mr. 
Stuart, the whig candidate, was elected only hy 
five votes, Mr. Douglas's friends contending that 
hud some of the votes for him which had been 
rejected from an error in spelling his name, been 
counted in, ho would have been elected. In the 



Presidential campaign of 1840, Mr. Douglas 
traversed the Slate for seven months, delivering 
more than two hundred speeches. Though his 
itealth suffered severely frora this citniordinary 
labor, he kept the field' to the Inst day of the elec- 
tion. Our political reader* will rvi'raemhcr that 
Illinois, which had been confidently reckoned for 
Harrison, gave the Van Buron ticket a hand- 
soTDo ninjority. On the meeting of the Legis- 
lature, Mr. Douglas received the appointment of 
Secretary of State, and immediately ouleret^i 
upon the discharge of his ofllcial duties, In 
1841 ho was elected hy holh branches. Judge of 
the Supremo Court. The arduous duties of this 
oflice no discharged with fidelity and ability, 
again seriously injuring bin health by attention 
to business. In 1843 bo wa<t induced to accepi 
the democratic nomination for Congress, and, as 
custom compnllod him lo " stiimp " his district, 
he resigned the Judgeship, from his conviction 
of the impropriety of running for a political office 
wbilolioldiug a judicial one. Thoseverity of tho 




HON. STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS. 



canvass, which lasted for forty days, may bo ia- 
forrvHl from tbe fact that, at it* oxpinuron, both 
candidates wore,profitnucd by hitlout fever which 
lasted for a month. Mr. Douglas wtLs elected by 
about 400 nmjority, and the next year re-ulectoil 
by about I'JOn voUm ; and a thin! time. 1846, hy 
nearly 300(1 majority Uiulor the bwt election ho 
did not take liis seat, hownvor, having been 
elected United States Senator for six ^uan 
from the 4th of March, 1847 — tho congreiHlonat 
elections being hold hy law one year in lulvanco. 
In April, 1847, Judge Douglas married Misa 
Martin, only daugliter of Colonel Hohert Martin, 
of North Carolina, Both as a memhur nt tho 
national House of Heprusontativeit, and of tho 
Senatu, Judge Dougliij* made hia mark from his 
first appearance at Washington. In tbe 12<Jth 
Congress he took a holil and decided stand on 
the (>regon question, n.s one of the advocates of 
" 54" 411'." Ho introduced a bill lo oxu-nd tbe 
maritime jurisdiction of tbe Courts of the United 
Statos to uio lakes, which is now a law. He was 
amonK the prominent supponerH of 
tlio bill to refund the fine imposed 
by Judge Hale on General Jncksou 
for declaring martial law at Now 
Orleans, and made a hrilliAnt 
speech in its defence, ultorwards 
gratefully acknowledged by Uio old 
hero. Kvery prominent democratic 
measure brought Iwfore Congres* 
«inco his nnrticipation in tbe na- 
tional IcgiNiaiion, has found a vig- 
orous and eloquent advocate m 
Senator Douglas. Ho susuiinod 
(he meiisurvs which led to the war 
with Mexico, and supported the 
government throughout Iho stnig- 
K'"- Tho famous Wiluinf provimi 
found in hini nti cncrgt^iiic oppo- 
iiont. The recent jiotitical coune 
of Judgv Douglas in too familiar 
to our readers Ut rcipilrc ropotiliun, 
oven if our spar e permiJtcd, Tba 
ropeid of iho Misjiouri Compromtao, 
in which he look tho initiative, his 
Kai.safl and Net>raska bill, bis iloc- 
trine of " papular Kovcroigniy," all 
linked tugclhcr, are ijueslioni 
of the day, into which wo bavo 
neilber the room nor inclination to 
«Dtor. Our readers are awaiti how 
ho liaa been sustniiuid by the peo- 
ple of his State in ono of the bit- 
terest contests ever waged in Illi- 
nois. In I.^.S7, Judge Dout'la* mar- 
ried a secunrl time, bis wife being 
a beautiful and RCCompliHhed lady, 
the dmighler of Mr. CutU, ot 
WftshtngKm, D. C. Mr, Douglaji 
resides at Chicago, Illinois, during 
the intervals of tbe hCMHionN of Con- 
grcss. He i" nndomioo'l lo have 
umasEcd a handsome fortune, 
chiefly from sun'csiifiil huid spocu- 
IntionN in tho Wmt. At thii close 
of the nmnt canvass in Illinois, b« 
visited New Orleans, Ilavniiu nud 
N'ew York, meeting witli a warm 
reception in these ciiics, Onr en- 
graving in correct with regard to 
the features ol Mr. Douglaa, and 
shows him as he appears at tho 
present time. He is short, but 
strongly built ; and bis Ntaturo 
taken in connection with bis inlel- 
Iccinal powerx, has given rise 10 
the j)oiiular W/nV/w*( of tlic " Little 
Giant, ' bv which he is familiarly 
known, ^le is a ready and vigor* 
ous debater, and owes his ability of 
commanding tbe attention of iho 
Ikienale lo his long training in htn 
western campaigns. A western 
stump orator haa need of perfect 
Hcif-jioftKCSsion to satisfy bis rough 
hut mietligcnt auditors. Carefully 
prepared uddrcfsea would meet 
with no favor, and be ot no uftc on 
the slump. A man must have his 
statistics in hit head, bis fuels at 
his tongue's end, and be as prompt 
lo attack and defend, as a gladtiitor 
in the arena. These qualftics Mr. 
Douglas possesses, and when hs 
rises in the Senate, the most care- 
less members compose ihcraeolves 
to attention. We msikc no com- 
ment on Mr. Douglas's political 
views, OS It would be out of plnco. 



BALLOU'S I'K 



;T0RIAL DRAWING-R00M(»ANI0N 



IWritt«n for Ballnu's PlrWriftl.) 



— OR, — 

THE FALSE HEIR- 

A moTT of the r«.n*h nna « 

BT MM. CABOWKK OBUK. 

CilArXKIl JV. 

,.i,nsirco or a nonsE »v T.tr. in...a>«. 

SiioKTLY after tl.0 inciOcnM of ti.e f.reKoi..« 
chapter, Mr. I>an!.ri.lRC Bua-ecae.i in r...r<h»«'"g 
„„ extensive tn.ot of hmA in Viryinin. un.lor 
narti..! n.Uiv.tion. It i« now five ^car« «m.ro, 
n„d the Kro.mJ« KurroundinK ll..^ I'ln-", ""l"*'""" 
,ial hnildinns crc.U.l by .ho former omicr, nre 
embellished with troo«, .hml-bery >.nd flowers, 
,vh,lo II.C huMinun lhcmHeive«, wi(h the mldmon 
of hrond vcn.ndul.8, «lm<Ic<I with Ilmvcriny vines 
„nd ch.8tering rosc«, would not hnvo be.n rc- og- 
nized as the uncouth looking cd.fi. o of former 

yenrs. , . 

The proprietor hod nlso chnnged in appcnr- 
ance. Ho h<ul nlways been n hnndsomo man ; 
but his was ft stylo of countenance which time 
n,«ko« n.oro nohlo and expressive, and perhiips 
a litllc moro haii^'hly. 

Pay w«3 drawint; to a close, and ho was Ptand- 
i„c in a vcrantlnh which commanded a view of 
iho hife'h road, 8011.0 foriy or afiy rode distant, 
rrora lime to time ho oxcliangcd a fow worda 
Willi a lady, who sat by on open window near 
,vheie he stood. Without heinR beaiUif.i), there 
was something genial and attractive about her, 
which seldom f<tiled to win confidonce, Three 
years since she had crossed the threshold as tho 
bridoot'Mr.Danbridco, and had brought light 
iind joy to his hcjirlhstone ; none the less, that 
bis thoughla would sometimes wander beyond 
tho sea to tho spot where the wife of two yours 
was now sleeping. 

"I cftn't Bco where Juba is," said Mr. 
Danbridgc. 

" Wbeio liQH be gone?" asked hia wife. 
" Over to Slimpson's for the lolterB. lie should 
havo been here beforo now." 

" It's a long lido over to Stimpson's. 1 think 
ho can hardly he expected before snnset." 

" I'erlmps not, but I'm expecting letters from 
England, which, I siippoBo, makes the time seem 
long." 

" There he is now," f aid Mrs. Punbridgo ; nnd 
as sho spoke, a colored lad, moimtod on a snpcrb 
though untrained horse, dashed nrotmd the cor- 
ner of the broad avennc thai led to the boiHO. 

" You had better mind, Jubo, or Kleotfool will 
throw yon some day," said Mr. Dnnbridf^o, us 
the boy reined up his wild nnd liery steed bo sud- 
denly, close to ibo verandah, lliat bo narrowly 
escaped being thrown over ibo nnimal's head. 

" I isn't any more nf. nred of bim dan 1 be of 
an olo shocp," said Julm, with a broad grin. 

" Any letters '." 

"Yis, Mussa Danbridgc, n whole heap," re 
]plicd tho boy, taking a small letter-bag from iho 
pocket of his blue and white striped doublet. 

Mr, Danbridgo's nnxiety to bear from bis 
old homo rniidc him a little nervous, and in at- 
tempting to untie the letter bag, he drew the 
siringd into a knot. 

" It is eiiunl to the Gordian knot, I believe," 
said he, after vainly ailcmpling to untie it ; 
handing it to his wife that aho might cut it with 
her scissors, 

" This is from Rraxon, and will tell n? nil 
about little Percy," said bo, cagoriy breaking the 
seal of a letter iinuked, " by ship." 

As he ran his eye rapidly over its contents, bis 
wife noticed that something like a fi own gath- 
ered on bis brow, and that bis lips woic slightly 
compressed. 

" No unpleasant new.;, I hope," said his viifo, 
when he bad finished rending it. 

" In some icfpcci^ the reverse of that, for my 
sen is in good health." 

" The letter is from llraxon V 
" Yes, and be tells me ihnt it is some time — he 
didn't say exactly how long — since Mrs. Ciinc, 
on account of failin;: health, was obliged to give 
up the caro yf the child." 

" Did ho mention who has the care of ".,im 
now ? I9 it any one you know V 

" He only says thai it is a young woman iny 
mother used sometime.'* to employ, nnd that, thus 
far, sho has taken ihc best of care of him. But 



I shoabi have preferred to have bim remain w, I 
Mr Cline. IH.er hculth is poor she m-gh 
Le some one to ass.t her, 'f 
hardly know whether my confitlcnco in him » 
rniMf.larcd or not." ^ 
" Why 80 ?" 

"Udore I answer your question, let ino first 
vou what you think of the allowance, which 
I have instrncicd my ogenl to pay quarterly for 
tbfl child's support?" 

.'lam not much of a juHge myselt, but you 
know what Mrs. Sclby -aid ibo other day, when 
you mentioncl the amount in her F^sence 
^ "No I don't recollect. What did she say 

" That liair the amount would be ample, judg- 
ing fro<n what wa. rc.,nirod for the maintenance 
.,f herself and brother f.r the last six years they 
r.,maincdin Knghmd, af.er the decease of their 

'""And TCt Braxon writes mo that the sum 
hitherto paid is totally insunicicnt. That a th.rd 
niore, at lea.t. is necessary, if I would have h.m 
maintained as a gentleman's son should be. 

Mrs Danbridge was about to reply to this 
remark, when her attention was diverted by see- 
ing some one, half hidden from view, among 
some bushes on the brow of a steep, broken 
Icdgo of rocks, which formed a wild and pictur- 
cscinc contrast to the field of waving grain that 
swept round its base. 

" Who can it be?" said sho, pointing towards 
tho spot with looks of alarm ; for it was said that 
Indians had been recently seen lurking in a piece 
of woods at no great distance. 

" It is impossible to tell so far off," Mr. Dan- 
bridge replied ; " but it is a woman, I think, so 
don't be nlnrmed." 

" Yos, it is a woman, as I can now seo by her 
dress." 

As they continued to regard her with a good 
deal of curiosity, and with some alarm on the 
part of Mrs. Danbridgc, she crept to the verge 
of tlie rocky lodge and prepared to descend, 
Tbcy watched her with intense interest, for it 
WHS an undertaking involving imminent peril. 
But she did not hesitate. Grasping the bushes, 
sho threw herself boldly over the edge of the 
dixzy height. Availing herself of hero and there 
some inequality of the steep descent as a foot- 
hold, though to do so she was ofien obliged to 
let herself down by moans of the tangled and 
miittcd vines, which fotind root in some deep 
fissure, she accomplished the descent with aston- 
ishing celerity. 

Just us her feet touched the ground, a deep, 
fierce yoll, moro like the baying of a pack of 
blood-hounds than anything human, broke tho 
stillness of the sunset hour. It was a sound that 
Mrs. Danbridge, many years previous, liad once 
heard, and it now thrilled OTory nerve with 
horror. 

" The savages— they are close at hand," said 
she, with while lips. 

" No, not very near, I think," replied Mr. 
Danbridge, affecting a calmness bo did not feel. 

The person, whoever it was, whose hn/.ardous 
descent fi-ora the summit of the precipice they 
had been watching, the moment the tenific cry 
was heard, crouched so closely to the ground 
that she could not be seen. 

Tho sound died away, and all was silent again 
lor a few minutes, when there was another cry, 
wild and fierce as the first, and as it seemed to 
those listening, full of exultation. It was, how 
ever, evidently at a greater distance, and Mr. 
and Mrs. Danbridge breathed more freely, and in 
a measure succeeded in soothing the servants 
who hud gathered round them, some of whom 
were almost wild with terror. Iteadily iiiflu- 
eaced, they soon forgot their nianii, nnd chatted 
gaily among iheinselves, tbt'lr aitcnlion, in the 
moanlimo, being more or less directed towards 
her who had let herself down from the rugged 
height, with a bold lecklessncss which must have 
been inspired by desperation. 

She bad risen to her fuct, and after a moment's 
hesitation, as if deliberating whether to cross the 
field of grain, or take a fool-path which skirled 
one side, she decided on the path, rightly imag- 
ining thai tho f.iciliiie8 il afforded would more 
than make up for the shorter distance, obstructed 
lis it was bv tho rich luxuriance of tho grain. 

" Sho appears as if she was afraid of being 
pursued," said Mrs. Danbridge, in a low voice 
lo her husband. " I am expecting every minute 
to see Indians appear in sight." 

" If they di) we're not unprepared for them," 
he replied. 

" 1 can't imagine who il can be," said Mrs. 
Danbridge. "Juba, can you tell who il is V 



Addressed to bis fellow-.crvani* ; 



■)oodcare to speak .o loud that all miKbt hear 
;odo;nythingmoreth.n.ocas.on...aa.^^ 



of ineffable disdain; who. on h,s part, wholly 
^irndful of this silenttoken of d snpprobnuon 
LTwiih secret elation that Mr. Danbndge 
turned away to conceal a smile. 

Bv .his time Minda, who was a pretty mulatto 
giri'had arrived within speaking d.stance. Her 
long black hair was streaming over her shoulders 
in wild disarrav, her eyes were dilated and spark- 
ling with excitement, and the red blood glowed 
like fire through the brown which slightly fnged 
her cheeks. She stopped, panting for breath. 

"The Indians! the Indians!" she exclaimed, 
the moment she had recovered her breath, bo as 
to be able to speak. 

" We were awaro that they could not be far 
distant," replied Mr. Danbridge, calmly. " In 
what direction are they from here'!" _ 

" They are on their way to Mrs. Pcmberton 8, 
if not already there, and they will either murder 
her and little Myra, or carry them off." 

'■At any rate." replied Mr. Danbridge, I 
will SCO what can be done to prevent it." 

He know that bo was the only one in that vi- 
cinity who could bo looked up to at such a time, 
and naturally resolute, energetic and self-pos- 
sessed, ho felt himself equal to the emergency. 
It was tho work of only a few minutes for him, 
and such of tho men belonging to tho plantation 
as could he of service, to arm themselves with 
rifles and bayonets, which he always made a 
point of having kept in good order, that they 
might be ready at a moment's warning. Others 
who lived near, he knew would join them. 
Meanwhile, Minda, who had now arrived close 
to the house, proceeded with great volubility to 
tell why she had come. 

She had, sho said, at Mrs. Pemberton'n re- 
quest, gone to gather some berries, which grew 
in great plenty near the woods, about half a mile 
from the house. A boy, tho only servant except 
herself, set out to go with her, but she prevailed 
on him to go back, because her mistress and the 
child were alone. 

She filled her basket, and entered the edge of 
the woods to rest herself in the shade. In a 
minute or two she heard voices. They came 
nearer, and she soon ascertained that there were 
two persons, and that they were Indians. For- 
tunatcly, a dense thicket intervened between her- 
self and them, and ignorant of her proximity, 
they seated themselves so near the opposite side, 
that she could overhear what they said. 

Though she did not perfectly understand their 
language, she knew enough to make out that 
they had ventured near the margin of the woods 
for the purpose of reconnoitering ; a party of 
their companions being secreted at some little 
tistance, awaiting the result. They decided that 
it would be best for their first onslaught to be 
made on the dwelling of Mrs. Temberton, who, 
as they appeared to know, was a widow ; and 
that their farther depred-Jtions should bo regu- 
lated by their good or ill success. 

They counted on little resistance, the inhab- 
itants, as they suppo*ed, having from long being 
unmolested, neglected lo furnish themselves with 
tbo means of defence. As they were about to 
reiurn to their comrades, one of ibora cunght 
sight of tho basket of berries, and darted for- 
ward to secure it. Minda knew that if she re- 
mained where she was, the moment ho turned he 
luusl inevitably see her. She dared not attempt 
to reach the house tbrou|ih the open fields and 
paslures, or to conceal herself in the woods. 
There was only one altcrnalive, and that a nearly 
hopeless one. 

A ledge of rock.s, high nnd steep, wiis before 
her, screened from view by the embowering fo- 
liage of vines and trees. She bad ascended it 
many times in search of violets and columbines 
for little Myra I'embcrton, and knew how to 
take advantage of every foothold aft'orded by 
tho broken, and to the unpractised eye, neariy 
imperceptible path, by which the summit could 
alone be gained 

The Indian, after obtaining the basket, did not 
turn in sc!i.sou to see her plunue in among the 
bushes, tboufih the flutter and rustle of leaves 
Of Iho swfijiiig aside of biauch or spray, imped 



inghcr progress, indicated the course she had 
taken They both »i«ricd in pursuit of her, but 
when they arrived at the foot of the proctp.tous 
height she was beyond their reach, and they nl 
once saw that her strength and agility were equ«l 
to maintaining the advantage she had gained 

She dared not waste even tho single second of 
timcil would have required to look back, and 
when, after regarding her a few moments m si- 
lence one of them ottered a dc^p, gntturM 
eound expressive of ant'er and disappointment, 
„nd ihen tnming on his heel, was followed by 
his comrade, she supposed them to be j-ressing 
closely upon her steps. To her surprise, when 
she had gained the shelter of some bushes on the 
opposite verge of tho ledge, where she wa, 
obliged to stop for a moment to take brenlh. sho 
could neither see nor hear thorn ; yet imagnung 
that one of them, at least, might be near, she 
dared not for a single instant forego her vigilance 
and caution. 

Before she had half finished her narration, 
Mr Danbridge and his men, who seemed to bo 
endued with a portion of bis own courage nnd 
resolution, were on their way. As Mrs. Dan- 
bridge. Minda, and tho female servants, together 
%vith those whose age unfitted them to join in tho 
expedition, were watching their receding forms, 
they saw a faint, Inrid light gleam through tho 
trees surrounding Mrs. Pcmbeilon's dwelling. Il 
grew brighter every moment. 

"They've sot fire to the house," said Minda, 
wringing her hands. " 0, if Mr- Danbridge had 
only been five minutes sooner." 

Scarce a minute had passed, when simulta- 
neous with a yell, which imagination might have 
likened to the cry of demons, spires of vivid 
flame shot upwards, revealing through an open- 
ing among the trees, the dusky forms of tho In- 
dians running hither nnd thither, or dancing round 
the fire in a manner expressive of wild and fierce 
exultation. 

Their savage and tumnltuous joy was at ita 
height, when suddenly a shower of rifle balls, 
sped by nnscen hands, fell amongst them. A 
number, including their leader, fell to rise no 
more, and others were wounded. So intent had 
they been on their work of destruction, and at 
tbesame lime so little fearful of being interrupted, 
that Mr. Danbridge and those with him, by tho 
help of bnshcs and trees, or whatever else would 
cover their approach, had thus formuaiely turned 
their exultation into dismay and confusion. On 
their way they had been joined by a few stout, 
determined men, tillers of the soil, who by the 
labor of their own hands had gained the humble 
though comfortable homes, which could bo seen 
here nnd there. 

The wild tumult into which the Indians were 
thrown, was. as Mr. Danbridge thought, suf- 
ficient proof that not only their leader had fallen, 
but that there was no other party near from 
Tvhom they could expect aid. 

Theie were a number of random shots by the 
Indians, and a few hatchets thrown in the direc- 
tion of their assailants, and then, without any at- 
tempt to carry off any of the valuable articlea 
they had removed from the house, previous to 
setting it on fire, they fled, carrying with them 
their wounded. 

Save my mistress and little Myrn," had been 
whispered by Minda to Pelus, as he pn.sscd her 
with his polished rifle on his shoulder, and hia 
plume of red feathers in his cap, looking, as sho 
thought, very brave and handsome. 

If it can be done I will, or I'll give you leave 
to call me coward," was his answer. 

His first care now was to redeem his promise, 
but nothing was to bo seen of Mrs. Pcmberton 
nnd her little daughter, or of Tilly. Mr. Dan- 
bridge had not forgotten them ; and wiih much 
anxiety as to their fato, he joined in the search. 

" It's my opinion that ihcy made their escape 
when the savages first came in sight," said one 
of the men. 

" Or they might have hid nway somewhere m 
the honse, and perished in ihe flames," remarked 
another. 

•' Which, nfter all, horrible as even tho thought 
of it is, would be better than lo be carried off 
captive, and be tortured to death, as some of the 
prisoners are," said the first speaker. 

At that moment, some one, just discernible 
through the cloud of smoke wafted in that direc- 
tion, ftom tho still burning timbers of the house, 
seemed in a hesitating manner to be moving to- 
wards Ibcra. 

" It's one of the red skins lurking round and 
watching us," tnifl oue, and ho raised his rifle to 
tire. 



BALLOU'S ncTOIlIAL DIIAAVING-ROOM COMPANION. 



19 



" No DO," exclaimed .Tuba, "ii be Tiltv. Mr 
ejes is sharp cnouglj to see his j;reat while Iccf 
troo de smoke, which be a sij;n thai Missus 
Tcrnh'ton, nnA 'specially do lectio one ho sot 
8erh great fitore by, is come 10 no harm ; 'cause 
ho wouldn't grin so ef de eabogca had killed 
'fm." 

Juha was right. By this time Tilly had ar- 
rived HO near that there could no lun;iur he any 
doubt a« to his idontliy. 

In answer to the inquiries of Mr. Danbridge, 
the others ceasing their clumoroii? question* 
when they heard him Fpcak, Tilly said that half 
an hour aficr he left Mindu, he saw nu Indian 
near the edge of the woods, and thinking there 
must he more, run homo with nil jiossiblo sjjeed. 
Ho arrived in reason for Mrs. l*emberion to 
reach ft jilace of safety, carrjinc the rliild in his 
nrms, before the Indiuus c;irac in sight. 

An hour Inter, ^^rs. IVmhcrton and Myrn, a 
lovely child between three and fuur years old, 
wero welcomed to the home-circle at the Dan- 
bridge Plantation. 



CUAPTER V. 

ARRIVAL OF TWO ODE5T8. 

Passing over an interval of fourteen years, 
brings us to the period made mcmorahle hy the 
French and Indian war. As f,ir as Mr. Dan- 
bridge WU3 concerned, or the members of his 
household, this intermediate lime was marked 
with hut few changes. One of these fow was the 
decease of Mrs. I'emberton ; who, nfier the burn- 
ing of her dwelling, had, with her daughter, at 
the earnest invitation of Mr. and Mrs. Dan- 
bridge, continued to reside with them, Myra was 
ton years old when her mother died ; Mr. Dan- 
bridge having lorg before that event been ap- 
pointed the child's guardian by Mrs. Pcmber- 
ton'fl request. 

It WHS the last of June, and the heat had been 
oppressive during the day ; hut now the sun was 
low in the west, and a cool, refreshing breeze 
had sprung up, and drifted in at the doors and 
windows of the apartment where Mr. and Mrs. 
Danbridge wero silting. 

"It is now more than nineteen years since I 
left England," said Mr. Danbridge, laying aside 
a book he had been reading. 

" Your son at that time was a year old," re- 
marked his wife. 

" Yes, and I sometimes regret, poor as the op- 
portunities for education are in this country com- 
pared with those in England, that I hadn't sent 
or gone for him myself, when I had fully made 
up my mind to reside here," 

" I wish you had. I have always had some 
misgivings about that Braxon, and liavo some- 
times doubted whether ho was exactly the person 
to be the tutor of a boy who was beyond the 
reach of parental control," 

" And there was a time, you know, when I dis- 
trusted him." 

" You mean when he wrote to yon relative to 
the allowance for Percy's expenses?" 

" Yes, but subsequently he made iho matter 
all fdir and plain. He has always been a punc- 
tual correspondent, and has never failed to enter 
into all those minute details, which, as he rightly 
judged, would he so satisfactory to me." 

" And Percy has never failed to write 
regularly." 

"Never. Well, if I have done wrong in plac- 
ing too much confidence in Braxoii, it may not 
yet bo too late to remedy the evil. Let me sec; 
if niy lust letter was received at the time tt 
ehonid have been, we may begin to look (ot 
them in about a week." 

" You expect Braxon to accompany your 
son? ' 

'* YcB ; Percy wrote that he should like to have 
him, as you may recollect, and so, I suppose, it 
was arranged accordingly." 

He turned his head towards a window as he 
spoke, and the grave, almost troubled look, 
which, unconsciously to himself, had overspread 
his countenance while speaking of his son, at 
once vanished, givin;^ place to a bright, luminous 
smile. 

" Look, Emily," said he, to his wife. " Can 
you imagine anytbing more spirited and beau- 
tiful V 

Uer eyes followed the direction of his. 

"1 knew that it must be Myra you saw, return- 
ing from her ride," said she ; " for I have often 
thought tha', although her features are not regu- 
liu-ly beautiful, the was the most lovely girl I 
ever saw. There is Eomcihing about her — I 
hardly know what — absolutely enchanting." 



"The charm is heightened, no dooht," said 
Mr. Danbrid;jro, " by her bi-ing perfectly uncon- 
scious of the attmctiuns so lavishly bestowed. " 

"And then she is so good," remarked his wife, 
with animation. 

No one, who nt this moment could have seen 
Mjra Pembcrton, would hare thought that iheir 
admiration, at leii«t n* far a* external attraction* 
wont, was exaggerated. She was riding towards 
the house with that abandon nud careless grace 
whiih (ihowed thai she was an accom|ili>hed 
horse woman. Her hiibit of a dark, lively green, 
was well fitted to her form of cxqnisilo sym- 
metry, and swept down in graci-fui fv)Ids over the 
shght-Iimbcd, spirited animal sho rode. Her 
riding-ciip with its wavy plumes were of the same 
color M her habit, and made brighter by con- 
trast the ricli vernioil of her cheeks, which 
glowed ihroKgh the brown curls, that the fresh 
brceee was doing its be*t to blow into tangles. 

As she approached nearer it could he seen that 
the red, moist lips were just full enough to ad- 
mil of being moulded into thai form which gives 
to the countenance a peculiar sweetness, and in 
which, perhaps, more than in any other feature, 
the witchery lay, which Mrs. Danbridge a few 
minutes previously had declared herself unable 
to descriliu. In short, sho realiced the perfection 
of sweet, careless girlhood, though careless only 
as respected herself; for in her heart there was a 
deep fountain of tenderness and sensibility, 
whose waters wore readily stirred by another's 
sorrow, 

"She is already n daughter to us by the lies 
of affection," said Mr, Danbridge; "and if 
Percy should prove worthy of her, I cannot but 
hope she may some day be really so." 

" There can bo no fear on that score," replied 
his wife, " if the son resembles the father. Ii is 
no longer ago than yesterday, that as Candaco 
Atherly was bantering her about young Bolford, 
she turned to me and said she never intended to 
marry, unless she should be so fortunate as to 
meet with some one as good and noble hearted 
as I did. I could not help thinking that when 
sho made this remark, Percy was in her mind," 

By this time Myra had arrived near the house, 
and without waiting for iho assistance of Juba, 
her chosen attendant whenever sho rode, and 
who was hastening to dismount for the purpose 
of rendering it, sho slid from her horse, at tho 
same moment, with a graceful adroitness, gath- 
ering up the long skirt of her habit. 

An hour later, Mr. and Mrs. Danbridge, with 
Myra and Candaco Aihcrly, a young lady who 
was often their guest for several weeks at u time, 
were about to scat themselves at tho tabic spread 
ready for supper. They were prevented by the 
entrance of Juba, who had been deputed by his 
master, &a was not uncommon at that period 
among the generous and hospitable proprietors 
of extensive landed estates in the Old Dominion, 
to look out for travellers as day was drawing to 
a close, and invito them to pass the night, and 
partake of the liberal cntcrtaiumcot at all times 
provided. 

" Well, Juba?" inquired Mr. Danbridge. 

"Two young men dat look like ossifers, ho 
waitin' in do road," was tho boy's answer. 

" Wailing in tho road ? Why didn't they 
como to the house ? I eucpcet you forgot to do 
as I told you," said Mr. Danbridge, with a good 
deal of warmth. 

"No, Massft Danbridge, I didn't forget. 
tell 'cm how you didn't like lohab du gentlefolks 
pass by an' not call, when night was comin on, 
'specially when dar might be Indians about, and 
no tavern near," 

" And what did they say then ?" 

" Dey speak two t'reo words 'tween 'emselvoa, 
and den dey 'quire where Cap'n Mercer live. I 
tell 'em 1 didn't know, but would go an' ask 
you, 'cause you know'd eberybody." 

" You should have said this in the first place," 
said Mr. Danbridge, pulling on his hat. "They 
couldn't reach Captain Mercer's till after mid- 
night, lei them do their best. I shall be back in 
a few minuter and bring the gentlemen with me," 
he added, as he lift the room. 

" I hope he will be as good a* his word," said 
Myra Pembcrton ; "it is so long since anybody 
has been here." 

" Two whole days," said Candacc Atherly, 
who was amusing herself by offering a magpie a 
piece of broad through the bars of its cage, and 
then wiilidrawing it the moment the bird at- 
tempted to seize it, " Your lonely life certainly 
renders you »n object of compassion." 

" Two whole weeks jou mean, Candace," said 
Myra, earncftly. 



"I stand corrected. I forgot when I spoke, 
ibnl my brother, who left hcr\3 two day* since, i* 
unworthy Miss Pombcrtoii's notice." 

" How can you say so. Candaco < You know 
that ! think no one bcncaih mv notice. Your 
brother is hero so often that ho sccras like one of 
the family." 

" If ho docs seem so, yon dislike him — you 
can't deny that you do." 

" I always treat him well." 

Candaco Was about to make somo atigry re- 
sponse, when Mrs. Danbridgo inioifored. 

"Come, girls," said sho, "all this is rery 
foolish, to say tho least. Nothing is a greater 
(Snemy to pence of mind than potty jealousies, 
Myra, as she says, always treats your brother 
well. Let him bo content to he con»idcicd 
merely in the light of a friend, and coaso tcosiug 
her lo acccpi him as a lover, ami 1 dare say you 
will find nothing to complain of." 

Candat-o bit her lips till the blood almotl start- 
ed beneath the pressure of teeth gliitcriugly 
while ; while her ojes, intensely black, nppearvd 
to ho literally glowing with a fiery heat. And 
yet her answer lo Mrs. Danbridge waa soft and 
smooth. 

"You are right, my dear madiim," said sho. 
" I shall think of what you havo said, and en- 
deavor to profit by it." 

Mrs. Dnnhridgo hud no time to note tho wide 
contrast between her looks and tlio humility 
which siio succeeded in throwing into her voice, 
as sho replied in phrase ai once so hypocritical, 
for the steps of Mr. Danbridgt! and the two Itav- 
oilers, whom he had persnaded to accept his hos- 
pitality, wore even then at tho door. 

Tho anger of CandiK'O, for tho time being, 
was lost in curiosity, largely mingled with sur- 
prise, at their entrunco. This last ft;eling was 
fully shared by Mrs. Danhridgo and Myra, for 
tho younger of tho two travellers boro bo marked 
a resomblanco to Mr. Danbridge, that it could 
not havo escaped the eye of the most casual 
observer. 

His figure, finely developed, resembled in all 
respects that of Mr- Danbridge, except that 
thcio was still a lack of that compactness, which 
a greater number of jeari than bo had ycl seen 
could alone give. Nor did the resemblance end 
here. His finely cut features wore the same frank 
and oj)eu expression, and iiidicated a similar 
firmness and decision of character. His hair, 
black and glossy, fell in the samo rich, wavy 
masses round his broad, white forehead, and his 
skin, through which glowed the free and health- 
ful currents, coursing through bis veins, was the 
same dark, almost olive huo. 

" It must he Percy," said Mrs. Danbridge to 
Myra, who stood cloi^e by her side. 

" Ves, it nmst be," rcjdied Myru, in iho same 
low voice, while her licigblcned color showed her 
agitation. 

So completely had their attention been ab- 
sorbed by tho younger truvollcr, that tlicy had 
scarce noticed his companion, who was a fine, 
soldierly looking man, who could not have been 
less ilian a dozen years his senior. 

Mr. Danhridgo now presented the laal named 
gentleman to his wife and the two young ladies, 
as Ensign Clayton, and then, in the same quiet 
manner, which showed bis utter unconsciousness 
of tho striking resemblance he bore to himself, 
ho introduced the other os Mr. Anvers, a young 
gentleman from -New England, who, hy the influ- 
ence of Captain Mercer, u friend of his father, 
bad been appointed lieutenant in nn cxpediiion 
then in contemplation against tho Indians. 

Mrs. Danbridge was disconcerted by an an- 
noancciiicnl so different from what sho had an- 
ticipated, and welcomed their young guest wiih 
evident embarrassment. She, however, soon 
succeeded in getting tho better of this feeling, 
and so well seconded her husband's genial hos- 
pitaliiy, as to make the two strangers feel quite 
at home. 

Though Anvers was not bashful, he was, as 
became his youth, modest and unassuming; so 
much so, thai it required some fckill and tact on 
the part of his entertainers "to draw him out." 
When they had sncccedcd in this, it soon became 
apparent that bis mental as well us physical 
training had Itccn carefully attended to. Young 
as he was, it wa^i found in the course of conver- 
sation that he had already had some military ex- 
perience ; while, as was afterwards attested by 
Mr. Clayton, his quick eye, unerring rifle, and 
power of endurance, showed that it had been to 
some purpose. 

When, at a late hour, they separated for the 
oigbt, it was with beulimcoU of mutual esteem 



and pood will, which subsequently required tiiilo 
fostering to ripen into a rrganl. which, without 
exaggeration, might h&w been termed parental 
on the part of Mr. and Sirs. Danbridge, and ou 
his, an aflection which stopjied but little short 
of tho'lllial love he had ever bestowed on his re- 
puted parcnt-i, and who wcto rvftlly so, for aught 
he know lo tho contivry. 

Nor ran it bo supposed that so lovely a being 
as Mjra Poniborton. and one like Anvers, rich 
iu pci^onal attractions, anil in all good and nu- 
blv qualities, to say nothing of those, which in 
nceonlanco with the exigences of tho times, took 
a strong hold on popular favor, could be thrown 
cogeiher for oven a fow brief hours, without re- 
garding each oihor with eoniimenu far removed 
from indifference. 

" It is very strange," said Mrs. Danbridge, in- 
voluntarily giving voice to what was pasting iu 
her mind, after the young ladies and the guests 
had withdrawn. 

" What is stningoV asked Mr. Danbridge. 

" I was thinking of tho almost perfect resem- 
blance which this young Anvers bears to you." 

" To me ?" 

" Yes. Were you not conscious of ill" 
" Well, I did once or twice think that his faro 
waa not unlike the one I sometimes see in tho 
looking'gluss." 

" Not only bis face, but bin form is like yours. 
Your voices arc alike loo. Heforo you intro- 
duced him I thought it was your sod. 1 was 
never more disappointed in my life than when I 
found I was mistaken." 

" Any person would havo reason to be proud 
of a son like him, I can ask nothing better for 
Percy than that he may be like him." 

" Neither can I. Didn't I hear him promise 
you that he would remain with us a fow daysl " 

" Yes, — when I found it wasn't necessary for 
him to join his rogimcnt for a week or ten days, 
I succeeded in persuading him into tho belief, 
that it would bo as well for him to pass the inter- 
mediate tiino here asolsewhoir]." 

" Percy may come before he leaves." 

" Yes, he may. I regret more and more that 
when I K'fi England I euffored him to remain." 

CHAPTER VI. 

AH tINKXrCCTKIi }IKET1^0. 

TtiK splendor which a golden Runsct had 
spread over tho western sky, was f*ist yielding lo 
the gloom of night, when two travellers drew up 
their weary burses in front of a log house. It 
was of the hotter class, and stood ncor the mar- 
gin of a sparkling stream, tributary to one of tho 
larger rivers emptying into Chesapeake Bay. 
They were ICngliehincn, and had recently como 
lo America in one of the vessels employed by 
the Briiifh for tho transportation of troops to aid 
the colonies in their war with the French and 
their Indian allies. 

One of the iravellcrv had passed the meridinit 
of lifi by half a score of years. His face, of that 
lirm texture which gives depth and decision to 
tho furrows slumped by lime, care or passion, 
was longer, less massive, end with none of tho 
ruddiness common lo the genuine Saxon type. 
So far from it, that when seen in profile, there 
was even what might hove been called n gipsey 
cast to bis physiognomy. The extremely light 
color of his eyes, however, as they gleamed from 
beneath their thick, overhanging brows, conflicted 
with the imprcKsion thus produced, and at tho 
same time ex' ited surprise, that orbs to colorlcsH 
should emit such keen and fiery glances. 

Bui bis mouth, more than any other feature, 
was the uue exponent of his character. It was 
expressivo of sagacity, determination and cour- 
age, such OS when joined to energy and perse- 
verance, seldom fail to accomplish a favorite 
purpose. As to the means employed, one per- 
mitted lo share his confldencc would have fuund 
ihot ho WHS not ovcr-Hcrupulous. That ho was 
crufty, might havo been seen in various ways ; 
even by the manner his head was set on his 
shoulders. 

Hi* fei low-travel Icr was much younger than 
ho was, being, apparently, not more than twenty- 
There was little in his appearance lo attract at- 
tention. Taking it all in nil, it was decidedly 
commonplace. With little or no manifestation 
of the shrewdness, energy and other (lualitiea 
which gave character to the countenance of his 
associate, there was yet a certain general resem- 
blance between the two, though of a nature so 
vague nnd shadowy, as hordly to admit of de- 
BcripUou. In ehott, he was one of tlioic, who. 



20 



wan willing not ""'y^";^' ^„ !„.«,«« lo i.preuc. 



travellers, to exercise to 

fjlinftSrhor;... evinced an ala.n.y m the 
pcrformanco of l.iB tnsk. which 
kowcd that any inc.ae..t winch 
broke ihe monotony of the dnUy 
routine, was hailed with delipht. 

Mrs. rrico wftH a liltl« dienp- 
pointed, when, on iheir cntnineo, 
She obiained a distinct v>ew of the 
elder Btranger.forBho fell tha. ho 
poseesscd few of those gcnml qunl- 
!tieR.by n>c«nR of which the ipio 
Eontlcroan, withont comprom.sinK 
L dignity, diffn8c« light .md 
w«rmll. through the eonal circle. 
She availed horRcIf of the fir^t op- 
portnnily to communicat© tins im- 
pression'to her husbund. 

"He is one of those upstart 
iienlry," «aid she, "that dohght m 
nuniiig down those they think bo- 
iieath tbem still lower than they 
flro. The evening's enjoyment 1 
promised myself wbcn 1 saw him 
liDd the other one ndo uj) to the 
door will turn out to be a poor 
affair iifiorall, I'm afraid. 

" Never mind, Margaret, he re- 
plied ; ho nor the youngster will 
Urdly be so uncivil as to l.o rndo 
to us beneath our own roof. 

"At any rate he'll bo closo- 
mouthed," said eho. " 1 don't be- 
lieve ho will tell us a single word 
of what is going on in the world. 

To her surpriBO, she found that 
she was mistaken. The moment 
her husband re-entered the room, 
he commeoced making various ro- 
marks and inquiries relative lo tho 
eouniry and the war in wliich tJie 
colonies were engaged, and finally 
asked if a gcnllemiin by the ntime 
of Dnnbridgo lived near. 

" The only gonlloman I over 
heard of by that name," replied 
Trice, " lives over fifiy miles ftom 
here." 

" So far as that ? Does ho you 
refer to own a large plantation ?" 

" Yes, he's one of the greatest 
landholders in Virginia ; and what 
is hotter than that, for it has gained 
him the rcRpcct and good will of 
everybody, fur and ucnr, he is one 
of the most upright, noblc-hoaricd 
gentlemen in iho country." 

"What kind of a road i?i there 
bolwcon here and where ho lives V 

"Nothing but u horse-path part 
of the way, and not very good at 
that." 

" Is there any danger lo bo ap- 
prehended from Ihc Indians 'i" 

Tiiore's reason to fear that 
there is ; but if you have an idea 
of going Ihore, and they should mo- 
lest yon, the best thing I can think 
of for you 10 say lo them is, that 
you are on vour way to the plania- 
t oa of Mr. Danbridge, and— as I 
take it for granted you are— that 
you are his friend." 

"Certainly, certainly ; ot course 
I am his friend ; while this young 
gentleman is something more. Ho 
u Mr. Paubridgo's son." 

" His son 1 It must he the one, 
Margaret," said Price, turning to 
his wife, " that I've heard you say 
was in England to be educated." 

" The same," said the stranger, 
(■peaking so quickly thai she had no 
lime lo answer. " I was his tutor." 

" Then your nflme must ho 
Broxon," t-aid Mrs. Price. "Be- 
fore I was married I used to live 
near Mr. Daubridgo's plantation, 
uiid ()ften heard you mentioned." 

" Yes, Bmxoii is iny name, Mr. 
Duulridge has a tofond wife I be- 
lieve— a lady he found in this counlry." I 

" He bas. It is now more than a dozen years 
bince ho wns married." 

"Bui this young geiillenion still continues lo 
be an only son, does he nol 'i" 
" Yes, an only child." 
" He has an adojiteri dunghter, however." 
"No." 

" I've been told fo since I arrived in America. 

"It's a mistake. Mifs Mjrn Pcmherton, the 
rich heiress, must be the >oung lady referred lo. 
Mr. Danbridge is her guaidian. She has been 
in his family ever ^ince i-ho was a little child." 

" A rich heiress, did you say !" 

" Yes, a fortune fell to her mother very UQCX* 
pectedly a few jears before she died." 

BraxoD s face on hearing this lighted up, and 
he cast a yideloug glnnco at his companion, 
whom, for the sake of couu-nience, it will tor 
the ptejieot bo Qccoesary to designate by the 



„^ „f Percy Panbridpe. Braxon was about 
name of l^^^J^ rcsncctine her, when a targe, 

S Z aid without speaking, took a seat among 

^^^^^^^^^^ 

rSIm^'ca'din^ing on.hc.ah.e could no 

X-l'ereplied 1 dined laic, nnd have CO 

need of food-only of rest. 

" You arc aslranger in fcse par « ? 
"lam. Can I.renmin here to-mghl * 



ofwhoxo they saw nothing more after sapper, 
bad been gone ful 'h>ee 1 ou s 

Uy-ns «'''':^'-''K ,bey alighted from 
«E to he oppressive, «hcn "icy u 



ning 



of a ;.rde; reading oak w -ch - /.S, 
side. They had tunied ^^^^^^^^ 

3:';rfn^Vung of some refrcsh- 




'''h';^ Br^x'nb^Jn'stung by a poisonous rep- 
epokin It was the same woman who had cu- 




THE CASTLE OF SEGOVU, SPAIN. 



" Certainly, if you can put up with our ac- 
commodations, which will be poor, for tbo^iwo 
geutleinen mean lo slay, I expect." 

"Fatigue will make sU cp sweeter iMn ft soft 
bed, in the morning I shall rise vtfitn'tho lark, 
and be oH." 

'•Dues lhat woman live anywhere near? 
a^ked Bra.xon. when Mrs. Price entered Ihe room 
where supper was served. 
" Nil, she is a stranger." 
" If I didn't know that it couldn't be so, I 
would say that I had heard that voice before to- 
night," Miid Bnixon. 

"So would 1," said Percy; "and I know 
where I heard it too." 

" One like it, you mean." said Braxon, with a 
look evidently meant to put a slop to ihe suhject. 

It was fomewtiul later in the niuraing than 
Braxon intended it should he, when he and Dan- 
bridge lesumed ibcir journey, and the \^oman, 



icrcd tho domicU of Price, and who had careluUy 
kept iu ihe obseuro corner lo prevent being 

recognized. 

"You don't seem glad to see mo," euid she, 
before Braxon had so far got the bettor of his aa- 
tonisliinenl as to be capable of speaking. 

" I wasn't expecting lo see yon," he replied. 
" I supposed you safe in Old Kngland." 

" I would have laid a wager of a hundred 
guineas last nighl, when we weic at Price's, that 
that was Sib Pinchley'a voice." said Perry. 

"You thought to slip through my fingers, 
said she, wilhont paying any atiention to the 
\oung man's remark. " Yon ore cunning, but 
I'm a match for you any day. Tho vessel I 
came in was a better sailer than yours, and 1 ar- 
rived three days before you. 1 saw you when 
you landed, watched your movements, and liud- 
ing lhat yoH wore going lo set out for ihe rich 
I planter's," thouglit I would travel the same road. 



• Yon might have spared yourself the trouble." 
•And you are of the same mind 1" stud Bhe. 

'"■■iT;nn\'';ou'"mtM- -"I'r ^'"^^^ 

you were ; but it is all one with me," waa h.e 

"""Toumaybe mistaken about that. Were I 
so minded. I could whisper a few words in your 
carthat would rouse you from yourmdiffcence. 

" Why don't you then I am willing to hear 
whatever jou have to say." 

When it suits my purpose you shall know. 
Here Braxon interposed. _ 
" Do you know what jou'resaying? said he, 

""^■a'f^ever speak without knowing, and I know 
when 10 slop wilhont your checking me. The 
lime is past, Hamish Braxon, for— 

" Please remember that my nario 

is Robert." 

"Hamish is tho name your 
father gave you, and I shall call 
you by it when it suits me. As I 
vras saying, the time is past for me 
to tremble and cringe, when I see 
tlio rod fire-spark in your eye. 
Your ascendancy over me has long 
been at an end. I've got the 
weathcrgngo of you, and shall 
either take hivi into confidence, or 
be paid for my silence." 
"You have lost your sonses I 
i-.:^ believe." 
t^- " No, I think not." 

^ " Step this way." 

As he spoke, he eoiwd her by 
the arm so suddenly that invohm- 
tarily she yielded to the impulse of 
his hand. It was only for a mo- 
IH-^ ment. She freed herself from his 
1" gnisp with a look of mingled scorn 
and loathing, and she rapidly pro- 
- " ceeded to a spot, at sach a distance 
i"^. from tho oak that what tliey said 
=^"" could not be overheard. 

" Danbridge," said Braxon, 
looking back to where the young 
man stood, regarding Ihem with a 
look such as showed that ho was 
somewhat roused from his almost 
habitual apathy; " Danbndgo, 
said he, " remain whore you are 
and be patient. All this shall he 
explained to you at a proper time. 

" Which means," said Dan- 
bridge, muttering to himself, " that 
youintend to raystifyme still more 
deeply. No matter,— he has my 
true interest at heart, or rather his 
own, which is the same thing to 
me, if I am right in tliinking that 
his and mine are so woven together 
that the welfare or ruin of one, will 
involve the some lo the other." 

"Well, Hamish," said Sybil 
Fincliley, " what are you going to 
deal out now— promises or 
threats 1" 

" I simply wish you to listen lo 
reason." 

" Better listen lo it yourself. 
"I believe that I'm not in the 
habit of letting passion or caprice 
influence me. I can boast of hav- 
ing a cool head, at any rate." 

■'Yes, and a colder heart. For 
all that, your perceptions are less 
keen and clear sometimes than you 
may imagine. Now that lad who 
stands yonder, hides a good deal 
of curiosity under an appearance 
of indifference— 80 much, that it 
may some day prove tronblesonse 
to you." , , , 

" Yes, I know he has cunosity, 
when you are by to excite it." 

" It was excited without my in- 
terference— how, I don't know- 
long before you left Kngland. Now 
take my advice ; let him know all. 
It will bind him to your interests 
more strongly than anything else." 

" I will have nothing to do with 
your advice. I'vo been disturbed 
and perplexed enough by you. I 
wasn't such a fool, even twenty 
years ago, not to foresee the trouble 
It would bring upon me by your 
getting possession of a secret, 
which, if it so pleased^ you, you 
could turn to my harm." _ 

"'Twas none of my scoking. 
You should have made yourself 
certain that no one was within ear- 
shot, when you undertook to tempt 
my brother lo crime." 

"Undertook and succeeded. 
" Don't be too certain. But go your own gait. 
Hamish Braxon, and I will go mme. I w. . 
however, warn you that I'vo a secret that will 
prove worth your while to pay for, and lhat at a 

liigh rate," ^ r 1 1 1" 

" Do vou think I'm made of gold % 
She tlirew out her hand towards Danl.ridge, 
who was reclining in a lounging attitude under 

*'^" Do YOU suppose mo such a simpleton as to 
think 1 don't know that you mean to make him 
your banker 'i" said she. , . m t» ,„ 

" He will have nothing, only what Mr. Dan- 
bridge pleases to give him." 

" And that will be no niggardly aUowance. 
" It remains to be proved." 
" Y'cfi, and 1 shall take good care to know ina 
result. So don't ailtmpt to deceive me. If you 
do, you may repent when it too late. oaj- 
ing thus, she turned lo leave him. 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAAVING-ROOM COMPANION. 



21 



"Stay," said he. "That secret you value at 
*0 high a rate — what is it ?" 

" It is one that I can keep." 

"As you ploasc ; hui I shan't pay for your si- 
loncc, unlc59 I know it can henefit me." 

" The real Percy Piinbridge is not dead." 

" Tou are certain ot it ?" 

"As certain a.s I am that hn who for nineteen 
years ha,-) been called by his name, is at this mo- 
ment sittin;^ under yonder tree." 

" Your brother dared to deceive me, tlion ''" 

"He did. Ho was had enough, and hard- 
hearted enough ; but thank heaven, he waflii't 
like his cold-blooded lempWr. He had a few 
drops of humanity in his lieurt." 

" Where is he nowl" 

"My brother?" 

" No, young Danbridg«." 

" I don't know." 

"You can, at least, tell mo whether ho is in 
this country or Old En[;Iand." 

" If I pleased I could ; but I shall nnswer no 
quosttona ronreniinj; him. If you find him, it 
will bo without my aid." 

I TO BE COUTINOED.] 

CASTLE OF SEGOVIA. 
There is not probably in the 

world a more picliiresfiue struc- 
ture than the A Iraznr, or Castlo 

of SotjoviR, Spisiu, so I'aithfully 

delineated on the preceding 

page. The projeciinj,' turrets. 

the recesses and urchways, 

catching lit;ht and flinging 

Bhadows, the bold height nud 

mosstvo dimensions of the for- 
tress, combine to fill the eye of 

the spectator, and thrill his 

boBoin with delight. It rises 

(rom the summit of an im- 
mense rock near the aqueduct, 

and looks down into a deep ra- 
vine, at the foot of which flows 

the narrow and winding river 

Eresma. Its history is dcej»ly 

interesting. It was first foiindcil 

by Alphon«e the Wise, who 

lived within its walls, ami to 

whom by far the greater part is 

attributed, though it underwent 

many changes during the tur- 
bulent reign of Juaa II. Later 

still it paa.scd through the 

hands of Horrera, the architect 

of the Escurial, who, though 

undoubtedly a man of great 

genius, still had, like Michael 

Angelo, a profound disdain for 

the works of his predecessors, 

and never troubled himself to 

preserve the origioal idea ot 

any buildings with whoso res- 
toration he was entrusted. This 

unfortunate egotism show-i it- 
self particularly in the court- 
yard, the balconies, and, above 

all, in the grand staircase; but, 

fortunately, tlio beautiful spiral 

staircaso which leads to the 

donjon remained uninjured, and 

under the first feiv steps was 

discovcrod a heap of broken, 

but very curious, iirms of great 

antiquity. The Alcazar was 

put into splendid repair between 

the years 1452 and 1458, by 

Henrique the Fourth, who lived 

in it and kept his treofluros 

there. At his death, Andr^ de 

Cabrera, the governor, and who 

had proved himself, at a very 

early period, a friend to Isa- 
bella. popKcssod the fortressi, 

and wa* in consequence most 

influential in coniributing to 

her accession. The Imter i.;- 

med ft'om it in state ou ihc 1st 

of December, 1474, and wari 

then proclaimed Queen of 

Caatilc. In 1 47C, the popula- 
tion of Segovin roie up against 

Cabrera, when the queen rodo 

out dauntlcssly into the midst 

of the insurgents, and iuimedi 

ately reduced them, by her 

presence of mind and her ma- 
jestic hearing, to silence and 

submission. Charles was 

pleased with the rti<i.ilaiico 

made by the Alcazar against 

the Comuiienjs. in 15'20, kept it 

up in a betliLing manner, and 

his snn. I'nilip II., had the s lioons rodecora'cd. 

The Alcazar was given up to the crown, in 1764, 

by the hcreilitary Alcalde, t n- t'onde lUiPhnn - 

hon, whose ancestor hiul given Charles the First 

of England so hospiiable a welcome in it. 

The interior ot the Castle of Segovia is in 

perfect accordance with the magnificence of its 
exterior. Many apartments arc decorated with 

delicate traceries and pendant ornaments, in the 
style of the Alhambra, and, like those of the Al- 
cazar of Seville, were executed by Arabian 
workmen during the Christian dominion of the 
fourteenth century, for in many places the crowns 
of the kings of Custile may be seen, surrounded 
hj Latin motluce aud extracts from the Koran. 
The most remarkable apartments are the cham- 
ber of Alphonso XI. and the portrait gallery, ao 
called from a serie* of figures carved in wood 
and painlctl, representing the kings and heroes 
of Ciistile and Leon, from the time of the Goths 
to Juanna the Mad. Tlie!*e figures are fifty-two 
in Dumber. In the first Mory u small room is 
shown, perhaps less richly decorated, hut not less 
elegant, than the others, whcru- a tragic circom- 



Ftance is said to hare taken plate in 1326. As 
the «tory goes, a tady of the roun of Henry III , 
having approached the balcony with the infant 
Don Pedro in her arms, af-cidentally let him fall, 
and ho was dashed lo pieces, many hundred feet 
below, on ihe rock^* of the river Eresma. Ac- 
cording to some historians, the unfortunate lady 
precipitated herself from the same window"; 
others state that Henry III. ordcn?d her to be ex- 
ecuted. However this may have been, a mouu- 
mcnt in the chajK-l records the unfortunate acci- 
dent, and represents the child holding a naked 
sivord in his hand — certainly a singular kind of 
plaything for an infant, if it does not refer to the 
fate of the unhappy cause of his death. The 
chapel also contains an "Adoration." executed 
in a masterly style by Bartolomeo Cnrducho. 

It is only a few years since that the Castle of 
Segovia has been used as a military school. 
After having served for a long time as a* royal res- 
idence, it became, under the house of Austria, a 
»tntc prison, and was used for that purpose up to 
the convention of Bergara. The side which 



servant, and after (urning Catholic, then Protes- 
tant, and iiflcrwanli ntr.iin Catholic, he embraced 
the Mohummedan caiil, and became a pasha 
and generalissimo of the Emperor of Morocixt's 
troops. He found it impossible, howewr, un- 
scrupulous and skilled in everv wile and arlitice 
as be was, to preserve his dienities and jjot'd for- 
tune to the end, for at Tanirietv a mUcnvblc 
hovel is shown, when- bo is said to have died in 
almost positive want, at a great ag*. having de- 
voted hts last years to the cultivation of pTanis 
and rtowers. 

On the Tth of June. . General Frcro en- 
tered Segovia, and, though he met with no r«ais- 
tance whatever, onlered it to bo sacked, ltd 
prosperity was then entirely dependent on its 
wool, but the flocks were soon consumed by a 
ravenous French soldiery ; and atnresent it oiily 
pofisasses a few poor cloth manutactories in the 
suburb of San Ixtronzo. An attempt was made 
in 1829, to introduce some improvco machinery, 
but it was destroyed by the band-loom wcavent. 
The manufactures of Segovia ai-e usgd by the 




IIOUSEIIOU) PETS. 



overlooks the town is pierced with narrow^atcd 
loopholes, which give but little light and air, and 
no view but that of a small portion of the sky. 
In the donjon several built-up cells are shown, 
and the dark months of many dungeons, which 
have never been fully explored. 

Although this was a prisou, it occasionally 
happened that those who were so unfortunate as 
to be placed within its walls were treoted more 
as priuctii than pri»uners ; as in the ctue of the 
Dnfce de Rippcrda, the descendant of a Dutch 
family, hut a naturalized Spaniard, and the 
prime minister of Philip V., wno having by his 
intrigues fallen into disgrace with bis royal mas- 
ter, had the most sumptuous apartments of the 
Alcazar assigned to him as bix prison, with a 
monthly ttllowance of three hundred doubloons, 
at that time considered an enormous sum. Not- 
withstanding all this, such is the love of liberty 
in the human heart, that, dissatisfied with this 
undeserved generosity towards him, the wily 
minister succeeded in efTccting his escape from 
one of the balconies of the Alcazar with the aid 
of a young woman of Segovia, and hia French 



poor only, for the rich import their stufTs of good 
quality from abroad. And yet this is a city ol 
that Spain which boasts of j»os(tessing the order 
of the Golden Fleece ! She seems, however, to 
forget that this order was instituted by the Duke 
of Burgundy, as a mark of his preference tor his 
substantial, manufacturing, intelligent towns, 
over a feudal nobility that represented naught 
but ignorance, pride, poverty, and idleness. 

The city of Segovia, of which the castle is the 
grand feature, is built in a tnost delightful situa- 
tion among the mountains, and aa ancient as 
Burgos, Salamanca, or Valladolid, which have 
the poetic assurance of having been founded by 
Hercules. It has sutTcred less from foreign inva- 
sions or civil war than either of its Castiljan 
sistcre. Although warlike when occasion olTercd, 
it has never striven tu rival iia neighbors either 
in power or dominion. Even at the present day, 
little attention is directed towards it, although 
merited on more than one account. Though 
connecte<l with the Spanish capital by t^o roads, 
it makes no attempt to extend the circle of its 
external relations ; and in the winter any attempt 



to discover a comfortable conveyance across the 
snows of GuadarrBmn, which separate it from 
Madrid, would bo quite fruitless. During three 
monthsoflhoyear.it sct.ns, like manv Alpine 
animal*, to exist in a lethargic sleep. ' Segovia 
lives within itself among its moitiiliiins, perfcctiv 
indilVcn-nt to the political and social wmvulsionV 
whit h agitato the n-st of the peninsula. Viir 
ditVetvni i* it in summer, when the town is all 
lite and brilliancy. Thai is the time to study 
the remains of atiliquitv which Segovia jeolouslv 
preserves within itself ngainat the attacks of 
men, who are mor\' destructive than oven lime. 
, Oenerally speaking. Segovin is very cold, attit 
is above three llitmsund three hundrctl leet above 
the level of the sen The population which, at 
one time, exeeeiled thirty thousand, does not 
now amount to nine thousand. It was the fa- 
vorite town of the Itomans, who built the noble 
acpieduct which the Spaniiuils have now 
strangely called the " Bridge of Secovia." It is 
an almost Cyclojiean work, constructed of cnor- 
mons mnsica of dark gray granite, joined to- 
gether without any cement, and 
IS at the present time about 
thirty feet in height at j4^ir/''). 
Wo say at the present time, as 
the sand which has accumula- 
ted at its base takes much tntm 
its real elevation. Not a blndo 
of grass has sprung from the 
intemtice* of the stones, ami 
their Hombro color adds much 
to the gtandeurof the structure. 
It has always been a vexed and 
disputed uuitit among antiqua- 
ries whether it was Adrian or 
Vespasian who constructed this 
aqueduct ; and no inscription 
bos ever been found which 
could throw the smallest light 
on this very obscure subject. 
Wo will not enter into the 
merits ol the two hypotheses ; 
it would he neither an interoat- 
ing nor a prolllahlo inve^liga- 
tiou ; hut we shall content our- 
KOlves with mentioning that 
through it a small river, the Hip 
Krio, tlowB to Segovia, and 
near the convent of San (Ja- 
briel. over that portiun of the 
structure which is cjilled tlm 
" Hndge," conKisling of- .1'iO 
arches, of which .15 were re- 
stored during the leign of Isa- 
bollii the Catholic. It is only 
at deep val leys, us at the 
A sivpirjii, that those arches aro 
biuiid, since on Ihe hill side tho 
water lluws through a simple 
channel o( stone. This struc- 
ture has the advantage ovor 
many other ant iqiiilies uf being 
now as u^teful as it was tho lirst 
day it wax finished ; and will 
proliahly endure for ogos lo 
coiuo if it is able to resist tho 
pum'cious inllueiico of tho ad- 
joining houses, nianv of which 
are of the])orind of lienry III., 
aixl much ailniired fur their 
(iothic fronts. At the back of 
these hiiusL'H, thi- piers support' 
ihg the aqueduct have been 
uudermiiieil to form collani 
and storc rtMimi, and in other 
]dacos the water bus been I'on- 
diicied over tlie side by small 
canals to the gardens and Holds 
on eiliier band, at tho risk of 
Noriou'ily injuring tlio founda- 
tions by llie cotiiiniied dripping 
and moisture uf tho water. 
But in Spain such trillos are 
never considered worthy of a 
thought 'I'be siToeu of Se- 
govia are fillcfl with fragmouts 
of antique sculjdure, probably 
dating from the time of the 
Lower Km[iire. 

HOl.'KEIIOI,l> PETfl. 

The charming picture on this 
page has Iwen wcurately ro- 
• duced from a large engraving, 
after a celebrated painting by 
Sir Edward Land seer. Tho 
three figures, the little girl, the 
pet fawn, and the pet kitten, 
are very happily rcndercil, 
and the whole composition 
is graceful and niostt-rly. 
Tho fawn is at perfect iibeny, dragging the rib- 
bon which adorns rather than f>rtieis him, and 
smells at the cake offered by the child, with a 
son of disilainful air. as if il'was ratlicr a favor 
to his miatrcBB to cat it. Tho cat, with the pla>- 
fulness of her ego, sporui with tho animal's ritj. 
bon. Wo cannot give too great an encourage- 
ment to the relations of children with domestic 
animals, those "bumble inferiors." as a distin- 
guished writer styles them^ It affords a sort of 
apprenticeship of protccti* and frateniity, an 
exercise of benevolence which creates good hah- 
iM. Gentleness to animals whose lives depend 
on ours, which have a place in our housclioifl, 
animating its daily routine, is ot once just, kind 
and generous We thus Icam patience, afTection, 
gratitude; entrusted wiih the bappintK* of living 
beings we arc initiated into the great responsibil- 
ity which will press on a moie mlyanccd age, 
when wc are entnisted with the happiness of our 
fellows. Domestic animals are tlio last link in 
the family chain by which wo ascend to domes- 
tic duties and joys, which in turn conduct to 
the public joys and dutiei* that fill up existence 



22 



CALLOU'S 



PICTORIAL DRAAVI?W^^^ 



COMPANION. 



(ffrllWD for B«lloo'« Pictorial.) 
NEU YEAR'S PAY. 

And from nf". -h. 01.1 V.,r "J/, ."V,,,, 

WLoaprlng. to l.U tbrono -ill. • -"o"' 
Whote brow !• brlglit 
WJtli a r^"y 

Willi t-Mh 'ilvlw. 
And hwiltli e)ntel 

FlnnhelliftutiinJ fn'o. 
OlaJncK^ lllr>8lnil. ".urU aro .li.(tl«S 

n^holJ the iTCO'l rin-r I" loy""* '>'"P"'J^' , 

BrlKhif"'"*"''"'"'' 
lllooui KYiTywliirn, 

Tlicsiinelitno llnTO 
An,l nnilJ iMr hnlr, 

On llft-'uPlinniipJ ocpnii. 
And r,MH.rth.cn.U»rfrnmhrr Lapp, irnrt 

Ami n "liouf oHoy- 
Prom thBlM.«Ui"(rbo/''t'"«' bonftro.blaw, 

Ami i'»en d'' "K"i 

W ith Id* furi' w ""B*- 
Writ ov.r with line- UK. nnrlent pft«o, 

AnJ tbti voirns In Hin «K.v 

Now are loir an.l now ar.i h\«\\. 
But, hlgb or low, nro happy - d,y 1- long. 

Lllllo tonmiM In "1U#Ip HHi 

Will.M^lad-'u.yNowYr-ir'.Kll'i: 
Aod ..Ahappy,h.ppyNc.V«ar'" 1. burd.u of tb. 

Maythl»rar,<-(.hr!gbtln youth, 
Still unfold In pfnff ' , . 

And ll«l rlKUt««qui.b mlgl.t I.t .» o»r prc^b M>d 

pmy. 

Uoil be with tboo, roaddr dror, 
Mny von nml ibc nlod N«w Y.-ar 
Km bright una always bnppy h.r flr.tau.plclou. day. 



lWrm«n for Ball""'* Pli-'o^l"' 1 

The Trnseay of Rachel (iove's Life, 

UY MAnOAimT VEllNB. 



la 11 possible yon lidvo never heard of Uucl.cl 
Govo, Maggie 1" 

Not only possible, bul <iuilc truo. Ic-H mo 

about lier." 

" Well. Tlio 6tory is not n Iodr one. mi 
down hero besido mo on tbo turf, and I will 
toll it." 

Wo wcro off on nn nficrnoon rnmble-my 
sweet bluo-oycd friend, Annie Cl.cslcr. and iny- 
Boir It wus one of llie lovoliesl days of the In- 
.li«n summer-soft, golden nnd bland. Wo luul 
wandered iiiilus ftwuy ftom tbe viltngc. and were 
etanding in ihe liearl of a piiinre^^quo woodeil 
valley, wliich, ginidy with its autumn drapery of 
Bt-arla and gold, eloped iiway on cither side of a 
quiet stream, that glided along, dividing the vale 
into halves, like a winding blade of blno steel. 
It was ft desolate, lonely spot, in spite of the gny 
verdnrc, the dimpling water, and the mellow Oe- 
tobcr sunsliine which sifted down through the 
rainbow like foliage, like a miht of riiix'licd gold. 
A low browu cottage, Imlf t\dleii into ruins, stood 
by tbo brook— so near that one side of its dihipi- 
dnled roof leaned over and scowled at its mir- 
rored counlorpart in the water. Before its 
Btaincd and battered door, a mountain ash tree 
lifted its boughs, heavy with cluslcrs of scarlet 
berries. The autumn wiud had heaped up 
mounds of decaying loaves in ihu hkhow door- 
yard, and the autumn sun crimsoned the few 
einiggliug vines of ivy which festooned the 
broken window, till they looked like climbing 
tongues of llamo. It was i\ strange place to 
choose for a human habitation, albeit a singularly 
beautiful one ; and looking about mo, I was dis- 
turbed by a curious f.mcy, a feeling as if only a 
world-weary, perhaps a world-hating and misan- 
thropic spirit could have selected such a place 
for its home ; as if these blood red ladders tyf ivy 
curtained rooms in which a human heart had 
bled and broken, a human spirit wailed itself to 
[leath. I mentioned iny involuntaiy thought to 
my companion, telling her that the wild mourn- 
falness of the spot was turning my brain, and 
urging her laughingly to return home with mo. 

Sho answered my gayoty with a smile, and an 
exclamation which led to the convereaiion 
recorded above ; and then, drawing rac down to 



j;:;^ nr:l.glcdw.i.h the brown ...hc^^^^^^^ 
rhnir, while the sunlight drifted ojcr her -o 
Zing ngurc, and mottled with 'l'^^^^'^^ 
,be white arms she l.«d crossed uijon my knee. 
L.old me the SBd story of Hncbel Govo. 

.-She was a hard, cruel, hitler ^'^^ 
,..asir.rs.rememb...rhardandc.^^^^ 

buter, aK wom^n .eld>m arc. J " j, 

„bunncd her with .n in«''"^''^*= •^7';, , 

imd treml.ln.g heart.-. cop 
Kachcl,-and ''"J'r" :,.Und 

brilliant with a re.tlcs« ^ T ^ of "e co 

^neui has you ,night imagine would flash up 
• ,tthc string, .nnla^led orl.s of a soant.g 
1,0, when tho sportsman-s arrow has stru k 
' .ivoring. into its inmost heart, She was very 
MiJ'in her girlhood. I "-'/^ 
handsome women in my hf^ but never one more 
;;a-«lingly lovely than Uachel G^, -n her 

But how could you. Annie, who never «aw 
l,.r till .he was middle-aged, judge 60 positively 
of ber appearance before you were bom 1 1 
tcrruptcd. with the impntienco of a BkepUcal 

'"'•From her portrait. It happened in this way : 
One spring she was prostrated by a low, nervous 
fever. Living so far f.om .he tillage, and 
dreaded even by t1.e few who resided noaresther. 
she actually suffered from neglect, rece.vmg none 
of those lit'lle attentions and delicate ktndnesses 
which as a general thing, neighbors are so ready 
and willing to bestow upon each other, in t.mes 
of sickness and distress. My mother, who was a 
thoroughly kind hearted woman, entire y m- 
capable of allowing any natural fecbng o dislike 
or prejudice to affect her at such a time, heard of 
l,crsitua.ion, and many were the quieting cor- 
dials the simple, soothing, medicinal dnnks, the 
cups of timber a.ul crimson jelly that found the.r 
wav from her store-room to the bedside of the 
sick woman. These were always accompanied 
by offers of assistance, which were quietly and 
sometimes almost disdainfully declined. My 
Inolhers had always been chosen for these er- 
rands but one moruing when they were both 
absent, my mother prepared a pitcher of warm, 
spiced gruel, and tying my liitle white snn-bon- 
not upon my head, bade ine carry it. How well 
I remember that delicious May moniing. These 
trees, so Hamingly colored now. wore green then, 
and the birds were jusl beginning to nest among 
them. All this long meadow was purplo with 
yoimg violets ; the dew glittered among them like 
chains of linked pearls, aud over all arched a sky 
intensely blue. I was loO young lo feel any oi 
those fears with which the other children of the 
valley regarded ■ crazy lUehcl,' but when 1 un- 
latched the ricketly door, and tiptoed through 
the narrow, dark, silent hall to the threshold of 
the invalid's chamber, a feeling of childish ter- 
ror stole over mo. I found her asleep, and with 
a sensation of relief, sot my pitchur down upon 
the table by her ^ nnd turned eave the 
room. But my eyes, which had beenn ving with 
all a child's instinctive curioMty, about the dim, 
shaded apartment, were suddenly caught by a 
picture upon the wall— a picture which 1 know 
now, must have been her portrait. I stopped 
still and looked at it in delighted wonder. I had 
soon but fuw fAces then-besido those in my own 
biniplc homo, and that suiierbly beautiful coun- 
lonanco was a new and strange revelation to my 
infant eyes. Had an angel suddenly win,-ed his 
flight down from the white buttleinenls of 
heaven and stood tiunsligured biforc me. I 
eould not have regarded him with a more admir- 
ing surprise. Never shall 1 forget that pictured 
face, or the strange contrast between it and the 
thin, ghastly one lying so white and deathly- 
looking among the pillows. The full, lipe curve 
of the scarlet lips; the low white brow, so like 
tho broad, rounded petal of a lily ; the checks, 
roso-red and dimpled ; the eves, with that depth 
of color which you sometimes see in a gray cloud 
ut twilight; tho languishing, half-lifted lids, 
fringed as heavily ivs those of Oriental women ; 
the luxuviant hair, half braids, half curls, the 
former wound like a crown of braided gold about 
, hor head, and tho latter f.iUing through it, and 



r:^:^^rt;;;'do in .e descnpn^ no. 
Annie. '•-V' I in.errnpted aga. -^^^ ^ ^^^^^^^ 
interruption, but ''-- ^^^^ ^^.h before 
1 am anxious to hear jour """"y » " Lutiful- 
wc go. I will helievc her everything bcaut.iui 

Well, then. In,pcr,incnce.'* Mycompam^^^ 
pouted -th a pretty show of di^p eaMir. You 
Thau have the dry dctailsand ^ J' . 

von have doubtless surmised before H"* "'""• 
b e ia lover in the story. Iler rare beauty 
iTher many admirers, but, stra,.ge to say. she 

r not what most any -'^^^^^ ^'^^ 
stances would have been-a coq..et.e. She en 

couraged no attentions from 
pul.e. Among all her '-crs^\"^ 7 . ?" ^ 
one who.-o coming flushed here hecks and hgl ted 
up hor glorious cyos. To him she was betrothed 

d that she loved him as few natures 
capable of loving, with P^^^ ' , f 
anLnting to idolatry, her blighted I fe - 
witness. And he loved her. F"-'""^^^ .^^^l 
by her exceeding loveliness, and thoroughly wo. 
af.crwards by the simple purity of her hfo and 
aeter.it was a source of no small exultaticm 

,0 him to cany off the palm of victory before tho 
;:;.xious eyes of all his rivals. Teihaps the pndo 
occasioned by his success, and the nn.iue.fon.n 
faith with which she lavished the treasnres of 
her young heart upon him, Ussenod the prize 
his sight, for certain it is he did not value >t as a 
true man should. Ho was worldly scheming 
and ambitious to an extent scarcely dreamed of 
by himself, and in this fact lay the secret which 
crushed ont every pulse of tenderness and joy 
from tho heart of Uachel Govo. 

"It is a story that I need not lengthen out. 
Ilachers only dowry was her beauty, and for a 
wealthy bride her lover broke his plighted vows 
bartered his manliness, sacrificed his love and 
his hopes, and wronged as tender a heart as ever 
beat in a woman's bosom. At fir.sl. lUeh.I would 
not believe the whispered reports about him ; but 
when at last the fatal truth forced itself upon her, 
the wild intensity of her anguish was pitiful to 
behold. She did not pine and fndo as gentler 
women might have done, or rally proudly and 
recompense her lover's falsity with the womanly 
disdain it merited. Like ono suddenly smitten 
blind, she groped about, helpless and bewildered, 
in the night of her unexpected grief. As her 
love had been intense, so was her sorrow and 
despair bitter and ungovernable. 

" The marriage of her false lover took place on 
the same week and in the same little church 
which had been appointed for his wedding with 
Kaehel. The bridal fcstivitica were on a mag- 
nificent scale. Night after night the mansion of 
the bride's father was a scene of splendor and 
gayety, but many who were present say that 
Uachel Gove was always there among the guests 
—the only unbidden and unwelcome one. 
Sometimes when the dance was at its height, a 
burst of mocking laughter would ring out above 
the music, or an invisible hand sweep back the 
silken folds from the drapcried windows, and a 
white, wild-looking face, pressed close against the 
panes, peer in upon the startled dancers. Every 
chord of the poor girl's heart had been shalteved 
by the cruel blow, and the sharp ogony which 
followed had unsettled her reason. 

"Among the wedding gifts which loaded tho 
bride's table, she found one morning a beautiful 
floral basket. It looked like a peifect nest of 
blooms, as it lay there among the costlier offer- 
ings, a dainty mixture of wild roses, and moss 
The handle was uf while satin ribbon knotted in 
with evergreen, and the cover, starred with criin- 
Hon and snowy blossoms, was tied down at the 
corners with streamers of the same. With an 
oxclaniaiion of delight and admiration, and won- 
dering who eould have originated a gift at once 
so novel and so delicate in its design, the bride 
lified tho beautiful toy, and commenced untying 
tho libbous which held the cover in place. But 
the Miken knots delied the ^kill of lier eager fin- 
gers, and swinging the basket coquettisbly upon 
her braceletted wrist, she held it up to her hus- 
band and bade him holp her. Bending gallantly 
on one knee before her, he undid the slender 
fastenings, and together they took a curious peep 
iuiide. With a sudden cry of disgust and fear, 
tho bride tried lo shake il from her arm, but it 
clung to her paralyzed fingers defiantly. It was 
full of serpents, wriggling and twisting in n 
loathsome, eompaet mass. As tho young wifa 
recoiled, shuddering, one of them, loosened from 



i„ confinement, glided "P ^''^'^^ '^7;" 
overhershndderingshoulders. f'^' k 1 
excess of terror, and not before her husband had 
read on an enamelled card pinned to the bot.otn 
^f the basket, these words : ' Rachel Gove corses 
yon both. Her hatred shall breed serpents m 
Tour path, 80 long as you live.' 
' She ^as indeed crazed. None but an insane 
mind could have planned and executed so singu- 
lar and so terrible a revenge. And that curse 
followed them. They moved away from the vil- 
hu-c and the next that was heard trom them, ho 
hod failed in business and v^as a poor n.an. llo 
never was himself afienvard. Some sirango 
fatality seemed to blight all his plans, and follow 
on his path with unswerving malevolence. He 
had children born to bim, but tliev all died m 
infancy. His wife, sonred in temper by the.r 
misfortune, embittered his life with reproaches 
ftnd recriminations. Privcn by desperation o 
the wine-cup and tbe gaming-lable, he gradually 
outgrew, by a life of low debauchery, all sense of 
shame, all ambition, and all manliness, i.nally. 
i„,povcrished and degraded, broken down m 
health and spirits, with tbe first shadows of old 
a.o upon him-n city almshouse became h.s 
home, and under its roof of charity his wife died, 
in civing birth to a son-the only one of the.r 
cbild.-en whom an inscrutable Providence saw fit- 

to spare, , 
- And she— the woman he bad wrongcd-al- 
ihouph years restored to her the blessed gift of 
reason, never outgrew the name of 'crazy 
Uachel ' Belter for her, had she died in her 
^madness, for her returning sanity brought with 
it only a hardened heart and a bitter hatred 
toward her race. All tenderness, all joy, all hu- 
man sympathies seemed dead within her. Sho 
lind staked everything on that one idolatrous 
love and when that failed her. lifo held nothing 
more for her. Existence was a dreary blank-a 
dull, dead, monotonous waste, permeated only 
by the wretched ambition to revenge her individ- 
ual suffering by a miserable spite against all the 
world. I'or this her neighbors disliked and 
feared hcr. For this sho i.-iolaled herself from 
all companionship, and brought into this lonely 
spot the burden of her misanthropic life. 

*■ Ono night a feeble old man came to lier door 
and asked for admittance It was a dreary, 
piercingly cold December evening, following 
a stormy day. The wind was availing like a 
f.anlic demon, and drifting the white snow m 
blinding clouds through the air. The old man 
looked travel-spent and weary, and sunk down 
seemingly exhausted upon the doorstone, after 
knocking feebly on the door with his benumbed 

hands. , 

Who's there, and what do you want ? called 

Rachel Gove, sourly, in answer to his rap. 

" ' In Heaven's name, let mc in. I am freez- 
ing !' was tho reply. 

' Not though all the angels in heaven stood 
by your side,' she responded fiercely. ' I would 
not lift a finger to save the whole worid Irom 
freezing.' , 
I " ' But I have travelled all day in the storm with- 
out food or rest. I am poor, and old, and faint 
with weariness. The village is miles away, and 
I can never reach it to night alive. You will 
not turn me from your door lo perish !' 

" The old man's voice sounded like a tremulous 
wail, but Rachel Gove's heart was bard and 
stony That bitter cry of distress only hardened 
it the more. In vain ho pleaded, expostulated 
and prayed. She only laughed derisively, and 
piled wood upon her blazing fire, till the ruddy 
light from tho hearth shot out through the uncur- 
tained windows, and flickering redly upon the 
snow, mocked the agony of tho poor old inan 
I who was starving and freezing within sight of its 
' cozy warmth. 

At last when all his prayers proved unavail- 
ing he rose up and tried to move away toward the 
village- but faint with famine, cold and exhaus- 
tion ho could only tottBT forward a few steps, 
and then with a long, low, despairing groan, he 
foil forward helpless upon the snow. And so 
he emwled back to tbe inhospitable door, reach- 
in.r^p his bony hands in a pitiful, childish at- 
tempt to warm them by the tantalizing light that 
I danced and wavered through the windows. All 
night long he crouched there, his head drooped 
I forward upon his breast in abject helplessneas ; 
and when Rachel Gove opened her door the next 
morning, a stiff, stark body fell forward at her 
feet. Even hcr fierce, hard nature was shocked, 
and she drew back with on instinctive shudder, 
but when her glance fell upon the ghastly visage 
of tho dead man, a sudden and teiTible pftUor 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWIN(M100M COMPANION. 



23 



ovcnwcpl licr f/.Hur«J=. For a mfiment slie stocd 
like one paralrzcd, anci then with eyes ilint 
eeemed bnriiting from their sockew, she spniiic 
forwAn! ftnd kncU l>y his side. A long, wild, 
POhhinf; slmck broke f.om her lips : 
" ' llichard 1 Uichard ! O. my God !' 
" Ttien, with frantic hiisic and stijiernntuntl 
Btrenfitli, she lifted the attcnnated furm of the old 
man in her arms, and carrying it in, laid it upon 
tier bed. She cbnr<;<i the pallid temples and the 
iey hands, nnd struv^u with deliriuuij caressed to 
bring hack warmth to the fmeon lips. She tore 
open the nit:ued vest, and laid her hand upon his 
heart. No f.iinl Ihroh of remaining lifo pulsated 
against her palm. Bat as she withdrew her 
hand, there clunj; to it a lootf, Boft tress of fair 
hair. She held it up to the light, undagaiu thai 
terrible cry of onguish floated oat on tlic clear 
luoming air. Uow welt bIic rcuieratjcred the day 
her lover cut it fi-om among her oiirU, »s a keep- 
sake. All those weary years it hail been lying 
next hi« heart, and she knew that in Kjiito of 
eliiingo and deserlion, ihc tcndercst hours of his 
life had been true to her. It was a blessed 
thought even then and there, and for an inatttnt, 
a smile of ineffable teudcrness flashed over the 
wrinkled face that years of malice and evil pat*- 
flioris had robbed of its beauty. O, it was piti- 
ful to see her the next moment, covering tho'e 
rigid lip9 with kisses, drawing tlio stiff arms up 
about her nock, and shrieking deliriously, as if 
lier heart were forcibly rent iu twain by the 
remorseful cry. 

" ' Dead 1 O, my God ! my God !— and I have 
murdered him '.' 

" It wfis a strange Providence that sent the false 
lover back to perish at the threshold of the wo- 
man he had wronged. The neighbors found her 
the next day lying insensible by his side, her 
head pillowed upon his frozen breast, her with- 
ered arm* wound in a passionate cla«p oboui liis 
neck, her long, gray hair loosened and floating 
around lior like a veil. They thought her dead 
nt first, but God had not so ordered the ending 
of her sad life. He had work even for her hands 
to do. 

" She lived, but lier heart way softened. Tlio 
Angel of Ilepenlance Htolo into it, and fanned 
iiway with his white witigs the fever of hatred 
and malice that had burned there so many years. 
She lived, but it was to become the benefiictrcss 
of tlie poor, the friend of the needy, the counsel- 
lor of tlio erring. She lived, but her life flowed 
thcncofonvard in a softer channel. Over the 
grave of the man she had cursed, runitencc 
claspod hands with roaeo." 

"And the boy— the old man's son— what 
became of him V linqnired eagerly, as my com- 
panion ceased her narrative. 

" She took him from the almshouse and toiled 
night and day to give him an education and a 
home. She was a mother to him, and by that 
Kwect name he learned to call her, before she 
died." 

" Aud hU name, Annie' Tell it to me." 

" He boars the same that his father did before 
him— Kichard Aiiislie." 

'■ RirMrd Ai'ishf!" I give a great start of 
eurprise. It was the name of Annie's betrothed 
lover. 

She met my astonished glance with a quiet 
emilc. 

" Ves Man-gie, the man whose name I am 
soon to bear, was the son of a city pauper, and 
the protege of a craey woman. But love over- 
looks with disdain the accidents of birth mid ad- 
verse fortune. There is not a better or ft truer 
man on the broad cai th, and though the blood of 
princes flowed in his veins, I could not become 
his wife with a purer joy or a siiicerer pride— my 
own dear, brave, true-hearted Iticiiard !" 

She rose up as she spoke, and looking up into 
her face so luminous wiili womanly tenderness, I 
6avv that her violet cjes were full of tears. 



[Written tar B^lou's Plet«ml.] 
VESPKHS. 

Bt f ANis vusKtr* rim. 

Llkf tb» low, «iJ -wund of th* wintry 

As it booats kod bruki oa tli« d«Kr{ itrAnd, 
Id tb« dmry wkit on the autuaiD 1m, 

When Of rata tt ><r««i>i the ■toriU'kioi;'* band. 
O'er ttie wv&rr wutc of lu; uidJeiic-l *ou) 
The mournful toti** of ku echo roll, 
A >ou)c whicli I Ikmr, u I heard of yon, 
lu tbo waillag esdaooa, " uo wore, do moi*! ' 

Wlieu thr day li done, iiBd the ihadon \t« 
Ltkp ti:hotitlj hand* on the jujleM eartti, 

Wlinn mj heart'* xile muik is ■ tlgli. 
And a (tmup'r to thiit heart It Dilrtb, 

O, tboo do 1 hoar Chnt «clf-*aiue strdn. 

M'bkh rhwa tu uiy br«a>t agnlu; 

Auil, wafted up from uieioor} '* iltDre, 

I bear tlie rcliu, " uo mure, no uiute!" 

k\M nnd alu, O llpi of mlna. 

That ever from you inch words should ftAV. 
And alaf, tlia' iiui(«aj vf tkif ruby wluo, 

I atiuuld hold to >ou a goblet of gall! 
Cry " sorrow, ' poor »0U|— hrarl. bo not glad, 
chi-erful eye*, look nuTcr»o 
For I count my lott bupM o'er aud o'er. 
With the tadjeiied pnludv. " oo more, uo more !" 

(Wrltton for Ballou's Pictorial.] 

A DAY IN THK CAUS. 

THE SAD EXPEBIENCE OF ME. MUFF. 
UY WILLIAM O. BATON. * 



TWO LOSDO.\ LAi\D.MARKS. 

Two old London cottee-houses have lately come 
under the hummer. The first ol these wai the 
Hainbow Tavern. Fleet Street, mentioned by 
Aubrey, In lii< Live-s, as a colfee-house, m the 
days when coffee-houses first came up. In 1657, 
its keeper, Jdmes Farre, was presented "for 
selling a litjiior called codec," as ft nuwancc. It 
is also referred to in number IGof the Spectator. 
No buyer was found and itwa* withdrawn. The 
same late attended the offer of " Tom's roffce- 
bouse." Cornhill, advertised by Mr. liaiiies, 
This place is almost coeval witli tbo Rambow. 
A hundred years ago the young merchants of 
London resorted thither; and Garrick made it 
his headquarters. The poet Cbaiterlon, in I T76, 
dated from the house a letter to his sister, statmg 
that his then profession obliged him to frequent 
places of the best resort. 



All, Muff, how aro you ?" said I to an old 
acquaintance the other day, n gentleman on the 
siiady side of the hill of life, very quiet in his 
tastes and habits, and a man who never is visi- 
ble on public occasions, but courts the back- 
ground of existence, and dwells there in relig- 
ious revcreuco of the past. 

Miserably, my dear sir," said ho; and indeed 
ho did look pale and woe begone, as if be had just 
been shaken up, for once in his life. 
What's the matter 1" 

I have jMJsml n dny in th- i-ai t, siiico I saw 
you, and Imveu't got over it yet." 

His expression of sickening horror, as lie sitid 
this, and tried to draw bis head iu between his 
shoulders, like a cold man, or u misanthropic 
turtle, induced me to ask him to relate Iits ad- 
ventures, and thus he was delivered : 

You see I was telegraphed by this deuced 
blind lightning of the present age, that my niece, 
Maria, was on the point of marrying a scape- 
grace, and I must come on at once in the cars, or 
1 would be too late to prevent. I have great in- 
fluence over the dear giri, and you may bo sure 
1 hopped into the cars in a hurry, just in time, as 
tliey were starting. Never was in the cars before 
in my life. 

" Must have been full of novelty," said I. 
" More novel than interesting," sneered ho 
" Every bono in my body aches with the jolting 
I got. For the first forty miles or so, I felt sure 
I was a sacrifice; expected to go off the truck 
every minute, and at the first stopping-place 
was on tho point of gelling out and walking 
back, and I'm sorry I didn't. Afcer that, I look 
courage, and began to admire my stoic fearicss 
ncss in trusting myself behind such a ricketly 
racketty steam machine, winding through the 
country, perhaps into eternity, at the rate of 
thirty miles an hoar. But I soon began to blcsg 
the horse that was thus to save Maria." 

" That must have been a consolation to you. 
" It was my only one. A fat woman with 
baby, sat on the scat with me. I bate babies. 

'"Will jou have the kindness to hold ih 
baby V said she, bundling it into my arras, before 
I had a chance to refuse. ' I wish to SCO some 
friends in the next car a moment.' 

" ' Certainly ma'am,' said I, when I couldn 
help myself; and off went tho mother. Her 
minute lasted half an hour. 0, the agony I en- 
dured. As I expected, the little junk of fat 
woke up, and began to squawl. What could I 
do ? Kveryborly thought I waa tlio fdtlicr, ftnd 
looked daggers ut me. Said one : 

■"Fool— to bring a baby without a nurse!' 
" ' Pitch it out of llie window,' etc., etc., were 
the impatient suggestions of others, and I — I, 
who never had chick of my own, and don't know 
the feelings of a father— I had to endure the 
responsibility for a whole hour. When the 
mother came back, she did not even thank me, 
bat looked mad, ns she seized the torment, and 
said she was 'sorry I had woke the baby up!' 
" I changed seats as soon as I could, ronscioua 



that I was alreAdy the most unpopular person in 
tlio car. But 1 went further and farvd wor>o. 

" This time t sal l is-t-t is to a toikulivc man 
Hit boois were on my jcat, and his body on lha 
opposite. His mouih wan full of lolweiv and his 
mind full of nousense. lie persecuted me, in u 
loud voice, upon every imaginable topic, and 
every eye in ihe car n at uii me, as the baby 
liad given me a tborouj^b introduction. 

"'Well,' thought 1, as the chauerer bored 
awuv at ine, ' itomebody will l>e punching my 
head, if (he cars don't go off the truck, for my 
opinions. One way or another, this ride will bo 
the death of me.' But I ihuught of Maria and 
look comfort. By-and-by I felt huugry. Wo 
reached a station. 

" • Cars stop five minutes for lunch 1' cried tho 
conductor, and I followed the rest into a saloon, 
where Ihcy chained mo fifty eenu for some cold 
muddy coffee and some hard hearted doughnuts. 
While I was waiting for my change, 'All 
aboard !' was the cry, aud the cant started I And 
/ started, without my change, and nut a race 
with the train for about ten rods, before I could 
catch up. The brakeman wavid mo back, but I 
thought he was holding out hi^ hand lo help me 
in. i reached fur his hand, misi'cd it, and tum- 
bled headlong. He thought I was ruu over and 
the train was stopped, when up I popped, hands 
bloody and dirty, and got into my cor, everybody 
looking ill-naturedly at me. 

Try tliHt again and bi-eak your neck 1' said 
tho conductor, very wraiby. 

I took my seat very meekly, but with great 
presence of mind, I avoided tho Utlkntivo man. 
This time I chose a very (|uiet louking man for 
my neighbor, and sat down oppos-ito htiu. I 
soon found he was fast asleep, for he snored. 

" ' Snore uwuy !' thought 1, ' so long as you 
don't talk, we cau get along like two king*.* 

I now noticed that ho had on a dirty shirt, 
and his hnt bore significant vestiges of a lato 
shower, and was bent in. 

Some hard working man,' thought I, 'rest- 
ing from his honest labors.' 

While I waa inwHRily reverencing the sons 
of toil, the man woke up, fi om a fierce jerk of tbo 
cars, which hiid just given an u<lmonitory death- 
blow to a cow on the track, Tho man woko up, 
und fixing a malignant eye upon mo, aceuscd 
me of stealing his handkerchief. 

At this moment 1 discovered that he was 
drunk, for bis foul accusation was made fouler 
by tho strong ifhijl' of brcoth which conveyed it. 
" ' 1 will brand you as u thief!' said he. 
" ' You are too much brundied youraelf,' 
said I. 

" ' Vou can't come any odd^ on me,' replied 
the fellow, in u louder tone; 'just give me my 
handkerchief.' 

At this moment the conductor came along 
and gave me a hard look. 

•■ ' What's the troulile V demanded he. ' Pcora 
to mc you make a deal of trouble in this car.' 

" This remark rather nettled mc, a quiet gen- 
tlemau as I hope I am ; and so 1 arose in niy 
boots, with a dangerous amount of indignation 
and ill blood in me. 

" ' This miscrahto loafer,' said I lo the conduc- 
tor, charges me with having stolon his handker- 
chief; though I vciy much doubt that ho waa 
over clean enough to own one.' 

" My anger seemed to have a salutary effect 
on my accuser, who. muttering that ' he did have 
a red handkerchief with him, somc'cres,' now felt 
again, and found it where he had stufled it, in- 
side the bosom of his dirty shirt. 

"The conductor went away smiling, and I 
moved to another scat, wondering what next. 

" ' rity that i/o>ir fnaui is so intoxicated,' sntd 
a gentleman, very charitably ; which txpressiou 
of sympathy was entirely lest on me. 

" I now felt 80 ashamed, that I turned my face 
nway from everybody, opened a window, and 
looked out to survey the face of Nature, when a 
tinder got into my eye. I bore it as long ns I 
could, and ncariy rubbed my eye out, with no 
effect upon the cinder, when I appealed to a fel- 
lo* lravelIcr to see if he could we anything in 
my eye. He very amiably undertook the task of 
inves'iigation, with the encouraging opening 
remark that ' his eyes wasn't none of the be«l.' 

" ' Itoll your eye round,' said ho, bending over 
and seizing my eyelid with a thumb and finger, 
like a pair of longs. 

" I ' rolled my eye round,' and tie made bov- 
eral dabs into it with his big bandanna, when a 
severe joU of tlie car nearly caused him to put 
my eye out. 

'"Good gracious!' exclaimed I, 'you don't 



think you can get the whole handkerchief in, do 
)ou !' 

" ^^^1en I said illia, a general roir of laughter 
from my b^rburju* Mlow.p.\<songers showed 
how much they sympatkiicd wiili my distress, 

" ' I wout try any motxs !' said the raftu, exas- 
perated nt my supposed ingratitude. ' I'll let 
vour old eye go r Aud h« regar^ted mo with a 
look of mortal enmity, as he restored his hand- 
kerchief to its acabburd. 

" As he called my suffering optic ' an old eye," 
I R'frained from upologitiiig ; for I considorotl it 
ai good an eye as I ever had. O, how I wished* 
Maria wtL<« ihem, ^iih a comer of hrr delicate 
pocket handker^'bief ! As I thought of Maria, I 
»hed a ti-w tears, and the cinder camo out with 
tlicm. ' Some gentle spirit that knows Maria, 
lias done this,' I thought. 

" At tlrs singe nf my miseries, a boy passed 
through the car with all sons of ncwupapera, pic- 
torials and [lampbleu, distributing them vory 
freely, and not waiting for any pay. I consid- 
ered this gratuitous, and took half udoscn of tbo 
best, supposing ihc urrungement was ' one of tho 
iutinwctntitU an tho roud.' Hut by-aiid by tho 
boy camo back, and waited at my side. 

*" Well, mi*ler!' said he, 'when you've got 
through reading, I'd liko to have my pupon, if 
you haini going to pay mc for em !' 

" This took me all aback. I didn't want the 
papers, hut I bought them, on Maria's account. 
Disgusted with such a scries rf tronblcsomo mis- 
haps and inittukes, 1 shut my eyes upon thu 
world und finally fell asleep, dinmiing of my 
dearly beloved niece, Marin, fur whose sako 
aloue I had undcrtakeu this melancholy jour- 
ney. Tlio vision of Maria pn«Kcd before mo. 
I seemed to see Iter on the point of tnkinir the 
hand of the man with the bent hat. in marriagn, 
and I had just sliouted ' StO|i thief 1" when a hor- 
rible mar startled me, und I awoke in pitch dark- 
ness, the roar conltnuing, and not a gleam of 
light in the cant. 

" ' Wi'if nil lost!' I shrieked in terror, holding 
on to ihe scat, for I thought to bo sure wo had 
run off the track, and the next instant woubi ho 
in eternity ; und wherever wo might lund, I 
wanted to land firm. Another moment unde- 
ceived mc, for we had only entered a thundering 
luniifi, while I wiu asleep, and now emerged with 
no bones broken. Tho relief I now oxperiLUced 
made tho rest ol the journey mem short ; though 
I fell very mn 'h faded out and wilted uwiiy. At 
last, thank fortune, we arrived. 

" I wiwon the point of leaving that hateful car, 
when 1 bethought myself of a bandbox, contain- 
ing a love of a bonnet whUh I had bought for 
Maria, and which I hail left under the scat occu- 
pied by the talkative man. I hastened lo recover 
tho neglected bandbox, and I found it— but O, 
chuoa ! u:hil a Jlnd ! That rn-scnlly magpie, tlnit 
chattering boro had used it for a stool, and when 
1 tore off tho battered cover, and lifted out tho 
bonnet— such a smash 1 

" I re buried that ruined article of iiiilliiicry in 
the box, and took it with mc, and I was jurl 
about entering a carriage, to drive to Marin's 
with all speed, when I ran full tilt against the 
loafer of the lost liniidkerchief. He said Iliad 
insulted him in the ears, and he wanted to fight 
mo. 

" ' Comf fiitt hrre '.' said ho, pulling off bis coat 
and showing hii dirty shirt. 

'"6"" Ml ihtri-!' I excloimed, instantly dash- 
ing the bandbox over his head, und entering the. 
carriage, I wiui soon out of sight and hearing of 
the haltful railroad. O dear!" 

"That was an eventful day in the cars," I said 
to Muff, as he drew a long sigh over his railroad 
experiences. " I hope, however, that tho speed 
made up for tho incouveniencc. You arrived in 
time, I hope, to prevent the unhappy marriage." 

" Not a bit of it," exclaimed Muff. " What 
could I expect, but ill-luck, of those eonfouniled 
carit I arrived at the house just in time lo bo 
received at the door by Maria and hutlniml. 
They had b^n married in church an hour before. 
I kiised the bride, us in duty bound— poor lo*l 
Maria! — took cake and wine und went to bed." 

" And I suppose next day you took the first 
train for home." 

" First iriiiit f" said Muff, iodignanlly. " Nq, 
indeed. I came home by water. I've seen 
enough of cars I Good morning. When I gel 
strength enough, I'll tell you more." 
" Good morning, Mr. Muft'." 
A moment afterwards I heard him calling 
after me. I looked back. 

" I forgot to tell you," he shouted, " that I left 
my umbrella in the Ciim." 



BALLOU'S PICrrORlAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



25 



HEROISM .\MONG THE POOR. 

At iho close of a chapter cntitlpd ChiMreo of 
the Poor, in his very intercstinE volume, " Hu- 
manity in the City," the Rev. Mr Chapin giTcs 
the foliowintr affecting incidents. They are 
given in illustration of his arguments for their 
relief and wdfuru. He Bays : 

Take, for instance, the acconntof awriterwho 
tells us that in the street he " met a littlo girl, 
very poor, but with such a sweet sad expres- 
sion," adds he, " that I involuntarily stopped 
and epoko to her. She answered my qoeslions 
very clearly, but tlie heavy, sad look never left 
her eycB a moment. She had no father or moth- 
er. She took care of the children ln!rself ; she 
was only fhii-teen ; she sewed on check shirts, and 
made a living for them." He went to see her. 
" It is a low damp basement, her homo. She 
live* there with the ihrco little children, whom 
she supports, and the elder sick brother, who 
sometimes picks up a trifle. She had been 
washing for herself and little ones. ' Shcalmost 
thought that she could take in washing now,' 
and the little ones with their knees to their 
mouths crouched up before the stove, looked 
as if there could not be a doubt of sister's 
doing anything she tried- 'Well, Annie, how 
do you make a living now V 'I sew on the 



a rough plank bench near the door." Ho worked 
in a glass-factory, earning a bare subsistence. 
" He ia u little old man at twelve," says the nar- 
rator, " tlio paleness of his sunken cheeks was re- 
lieved by the hectic flush ; his hollow dry cjrc was 
moistened by an occasional tear ; and his thin 
white lip quivervd as he told me his simple story ; 
how he was braving hunger and deatli — for no 
cannot live long — to help his mother pay the 
rent and buy her broad. ' Half-past ten at night 
is early for him to return,' said the mother ; 'some- 
times )t is half-post eleven and 1 am sitting op 
for him.' Sometimes, in the morning, she finds 
him awake, * but he don't want to get up. and he 
puts his hands on his sides and says. 'Mother, it 
nnrts me hero when I breathe.' ' I can work, and 
I do work.' adds she, ' all the lime— but I can't 
make as much as my little bov.' " 

One more account. It is of a beggar-girl who 
"lives," as the narrative goes on to say, "in a 
rear building where full daylight never shines — in 
a cellar-room where pure dry air is never breathed. 
A quick gentle girl of twelve years, she speaks 
to the visitor as he enters — ' Mother does not see 
you, sir, because she's blind.' The mother was 
an old woman ot sixty-five or seventy years, with 
six or seven others seated around. ' But you 
told me you and your mother and little sister 



next day. And then I fast, because, vou know, 
mother IS sick and weakly, and can't "b« able to 
fast lik« me.'" 



CHKLSKX FKRRY. 
The Bpirito*! sketch on the pnjcoding page, 
reprcscnutitr the rbelsea ferry-boat, " Trimoun- 
lam," coming in to her dock, full freighted with 
passengers and vehicles, was drawn expressly 
for the Pictorial by Mr. Ilill. Wo know nothing 
more interesting to a Jlantur than to watch tliu 
tide of human Iwings pouring out of one of thoso 
fine boats in the busy hoars of the day. It is 
c^uito a Now Yorkiah affair. The boats on tltis 
hno on) admirable — of great size and capacity, 
with oxcoUont accommodations, stauncii and 
strong, as they need be, for however much 
" mariners ol tno long voyage " may laugh, the 
winter passages between the two great cities of 
Boston and Chelsea are sometimes trying. Thoao 
who prefer a land-muto aro now accommodated 
by the horse railroad. Winnisimmel Kerry, by 
tlie way, U probably the oldest ostJiblishnient of 
the kind in tnis country, the first grant lo Thom- 
as Williams bearing ilatoinI631. There were 
no accommodations for teams in those " antientc 
dayes," and carts and carriages had to perform 
a circuit ot more than twenty miloB to reach 



•tnicted, or replaced by a new one. The City 
Hall was for a lone while onoof the architectural 
lions of New York, though tor many years past 
its splendors have been ecli))sed by hundn;ds of 
odificos raised by private capital. Dr. Francis, 
in his interesting reminiscences, notes the fact 
that at the time of its erection in tlio carlv port 
of the century, the back part ot the hall was 
built of brick becanso it was no eonsemionco 
what aspect it presented on that side, whit-h was 
then unsettled and likely to remain so. What a 
change has taken place since then ! A city of 
palaces, not dreamed of by the prophets of fifty 
yeans since, has arisen (o the north of it. And 
within a few years even change has wrought 
many transloriiiations about the City Hall. Its 
old neighbors, the Park Theatre and tlie old 
brick chun b, have gone Ui the tomb of the Cup- 
nlots— St. Pauls luw been eclipsed by the prouder 
spire of Trinity, and marble nalucos have risen 
in the pluco ot unsightly builaings. Endless is 
the crash and whirl and rush of life about the 
Park. It sees scarcely an hour of perfect silence 
and repose out of ilie foar-and-lwenty. The 
thnibbing pulses of the great city cease not till 
long after iuiduit:ht. and re commence long be- 
fore daybreak. OnW the holiday houia ol other 
cities aro Uko the hatiitual bustle ot Now York. 




ENTRANCE TO TIIE NEW YORK OPERA HOUSE. 



check shirts, sir, and theflannel shirts; I g«t five 
cents for the cliecks, and nine cents for the oth- 
ers ; but just now they wont lot me have the flan- 
nel, because I can't deposit two dollars.' 'It 
must be very hard work »' ' O, I don't mind, 
sir; but to day the visitors came, and said we'd 
better go to the poor house, and I said I couldn't 
Uko to leave those little one* yet ; and I thought 
if I only b.id candles, I could sit op till ten or 
oleyon, and make the shirts.' She had 
learned everything she know at the Industrial 

School She never went lo clmrch, for she 

had no clothes, but she could read and wriia. 

' It was very damp there," she said, 'and 

tlicn it was so cold nights.'" 

I will, in the next place, introduce you to a 
garrc --oom, six foet by ten. The occupants arc 
a poor mother and her son. The mother works 
at making shim with collars and stitched bosoms, 
at six shillings and sixpence per dozen, for a 
man who pays half in merchandise, and who, 
when she is starving tor bread, puts her off with 
calico at a shiUiwj a yard that is not worth more 
than fourpance ! But he is not the martyr in the 
case. When the visitor entered, her son George, 
about twelve years old, "vraa just cumtng in tor 
dinner, palt? and Rpp.irently exliautiied by the ef- 
fort of climbing ibj stairs, and siuik down upon 



lived by yourselves.' ' Yes, sir, here it is " 
and at the end of the passage the visitor disi'ov- 
ers a narrow place, about five feet by three. The 
bed was rolled up in one corner, and nearly filled 
the room. " ' But where is your stove "?' ' We 
have none, sir. The people m the next room are 
very kind to raolber, and let her como in there 
to warm — because, you know, I get half the 
coal.' 'But where do you cook your food'' 
' We never cook any, sir; it is already cooked. 
I go early in the mnniiog to get coal and chips 
for the lire, and I must have two baskets of coal 
and wood to kindle with by noon. That's moth- 
er s half. Then when the people have eaten 
I dinner, I gi> round to get the bits they leave. I 
I can get two buskeis of coal every day now ; but 
when it gew cold, and we must have a great deal, 
. it is liani for me to find any, there's fo many 
poor chaps to pick it. Sometimes llie UtdtM 
I speak cross to me, and shut the door hard at me, 
( and sometimes the <jimlltnnm sUp me in the face, 
and kick my basket, and then I come home, and 
mother says not to cry, for may be I'll do better 
j to-morrow. Sometimes I get my basket almost 
I full, and then put it by for to morrow ; and then, 
I if next day wo have enough. 1 wke this to a poor 
, woman next door. Sometimes I get only a few 
bits in my basket for all day, «nd inuy be llie 



Boston, of which it formed a part, though the 
distance ai ross the water is less than a mile and 
a half. With the facilities of intercommunica- 
tion, the village took a start, and the establish- 
ment of a steam ferry gave an impetus to the 
town which has resulted in a remarkable devel- 
opment. Few places enjoy more advantages in 
situation, or ft territory more agreeably diversi- 
fied. Chelsea is liberally laid out and contains 
a vast number of hantUume buildings. The 
view from the top of Powder Hill is very exten- 
sive and full of interest. The popular phrase ol 
" dead as Chelsea " originated in the old time 
whMi it was twenty miles distant by the road, 
but any one who would dispute now that it is a 
live place, would be considered a fit condidato 
for a residence in the '•institulion" at Somervillc. 

.\LARM BKLL IN THE PARK, NEW YORK. 

The second engraving on the preceding poge 
is from a drawing made for us on the spot by 
Mr. Hill. The alarm bell forms a striking lea- 
tur« in the midst ol that busy portion of New 
York of which the Park forms the centre. It 
was put up after the catastrophe which marked 
the famous Atlantic cable celebration — the de- 
sirnciion of a portion of the Citv Hall by fire, 
and will do duty until that building is re-con- 



ENTR.\NCE TO THK OPERA-IIOtSE, 
JIllW TOHK. 

In ft former number wc published two views 
representing the exterior and interior of tbo 
splendid Acndemv of Music at the corner of Uth 
Sireetand I-exiiiVlon Avenue, New York, and 
we now add iho very cbaractcristic original pic- 
ture on this page, drawn expressly for us by Mr. 
Waud, II exhibits a brilliant phase of social 
life a.1 prcsentwl in the vestibule of the Academy 
on an opera night. The opera is the showiest 
lK)oth in Vanity Fair— a little world within a 
worid. We know no more brilliant spectacle on 
Uiis side of the water than the interior that the 
opera^liouse preaonts when *mv\i stars as Ficco- 
lomini and La Orange are the attractions. Wo 
question whether the Italian theatre* of Ix)ndon 
or Paris priy<cnt such an array of beauty. And 
the audience i» not composed alone of the ncli 
and fash ionabk— the million always has its rep- 
resentatives within the walhi. The company 
which bailt the Academv was chartered m the 
winter of 18^2, with authority 10 raise a capiUl 
of SaoOiHlO and power lo extend it to $300,000. 
The buildiiii; cost $.-»50,Wti). It opened October 
I 1854 the leading sUr* l>eing Mtidnme Grisi 
and Signor Mario, that most imperturbable aud 
gcinleiiuiily of all ciol and polishtd teiiora. 



26 



BALLOII-S HCTORIALjmAW^^ 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL. 

^ItUBIN mTbAILOU, Editor and Proprietor. 



TKRMS.-ISVARIABtV IN ADVANOK. 

Onecopy. one ynr iW 

One eoji,*, two yonm | p iXt 

TwolMCopU'""****'''"'^ 2000 
> KAJctteTllli-. N C.-Wo 




«t.,rv or T."|-*»l.u<>ilnBtliouppI« from hi- «o..'» tj.-aU 

ln. ia«Vl I. b"rr<.*«J rr..... li D-mi-li I.goiid. Ilo«cve., 

1,^1^ 1 wi^ r^.m »ud t n.lru.m.nl of fr..lnK 

JLuolrym^irfrom tl.o Au.trkn joUc arc iimiuu-tlon- 

y wCn Ib/ou.Mlou ,..v.cul..d it«af, i.r<.vod th..m- 

v.^v . Ul ntture, .inU ...i-i.tally d.-<-lr,r«J l.lm«.-ll' ...o>t 

Thy "«l,UTa.!.>n« of h<.u.r publlo duty. M»rl. 
LoroHBh u-^d to «vy of hl.i...lf ou the ev« of n, baltlo. 
•Co h"« till. Utile body tremble. U what tUli great 
vuul I" ubout U> nulllevo," 



liar knack i« made loo.o and .of.. 1^.0 w.av.ng 
is done l.y Inui'i loo-"*, ""^ '^e embroidery is 
wrouKhlV hanrf-wi-h fine tlircfid of tl.o same 
matcriai. dyed of different colors. Tbe dyemg 
process U peculiar .0 the Hindoos; ami .n hnl- 
liuncy and Blrengtli, Mand* without nvalry by 
„nv civilized nation. All ibo material used m 
dyed ibree limes ; before cardiny. and before and 
after Rpi»ninK. The borders require an .nfiuite 
dci.1 of bibor ior their embroidery, and the com- 
pletion of a -ingle hHhwI iHSomctimcB [ho work 
of year«. Who can wonder, then, timt these 
unique a. ticle8 of Oriental production commami 
,uch great prices, and arc .o bewilcl.n.g to the 
fair sex ! 



Lcceed in obtaining eoUe.t.ons winch be 
invaluable in ye-rs to come. 

At the great London exhib.t.on an album was 
«hown which contained contributions from the 
most distinguished writers in pro«e and vcr^e 
from artists, painters, designer*, musicans etc. 
This album made two huge volumes, and was 
purchased by a banker for two thousand dollars. 
A century hcneo it will doubtless bo valued at 
five times that BUin. 



fASIlMEUK SIIAMLS. 

The enormous prices paid by fashionable peo- 
ple for India Cashmere goods, is a subjoct of 
wonder to many persons, wlio can seo nothing 
very uilriictivo iu lliuir appearance. Hut a close 
inspeetion nf a real Caalimoro shawl will satisfy 
any otic that thia dcBc.ri|>tiou of goods possesses 
Boino virtues over every other kind. Such a 
diawl is of very soft toxturo ; it is also of very 
biillianl color, and the material and color are 
both so durable, ihnt the article can bo used a 
great while without iL'* wearing out or fading. 
Tho border also possesses the same quality of 
durability ol material and colors, and is a work 
of immense labor, it being entirely embroidered 
with the neodlo and by the liimd. A genuine 
Cashmere shawl or scarf surpasses any oihor in 
clearness and strength of color, and it can bo 
kept in coiis;tatit use for Ion years, and will still 
luok bright and fresh. No other material, cither 
wursled or silk, will stand such a tost us this ; and 
therefore, though the tirsl cost uf the Cashmoio 
ftrliclo may bo very great, its durability should 
bo taken into account, in estimating the question 
of viiluo. These goods are imitatini by the ling- 
lish and Kronch ; but there is a failure in bril; 
liuncy and durability of color, and iu softness of 
material aUo, if the Kuropuau variolica of wool 
be used. The hordors of the Kuropean imitations 
are also woven in the loom, instead of being 
worked by hand. This vcudci-s the figures Hat 
and lanie, and makes them appear widely dill'of- 
ti>t from the real. 

In India the possession of Cashmere shawls is 
the evidence of wealth. They are used by holli 
mou and women, for lurhaus, waist-ties and 
skirts, as well as to wear upon the shoulders. 
Some of them are exceedingly hue and costly, 
tuid arc handed down from generation to gener- 
ation, as heir-luoms in :ineieut fautilies. In Eu- 
ropean cities they are worn by the ladies of noblo 
families, and by those of the wealthy classes, and 
ai liigh as live thousand dollars is not uncom- 
monly paid for a single sliawl. in this country 
they are not in general use, but are more com- 
mon in Boston than in any other city. New York 
ranks next in tbe realm of Caslinieredom, and 
as wo go south from that city, they become more 
end more rare. In fact, the blooming belles of 
the South disclaim all allegiance to tbcir power, 
and seem to live in blissful ignorance of the fact 
that female beauty is nothing, without a thousand 
dollar shuwl, or a hundred dollar scaif at least. 
These wonderful fabrics are made from the (ino 
wool which grows beneath the hair of the Thibet 
goal. The yarn is spun by hand, and by a pocu- 



AliOlT .ItHUM.S. 

Few people have escaped the dire effects of 
U.C rage for albums which in our day has. we be- 
lieve, made the circuit of the globe, and yet per- 
haps few know the origin of these aOlictions of 
literary men and women. Among the lionmns 
all the acts of the civil authority, and in general 
all important facts which it wa« necessary to 
communicate to the ].uhlic. were inscribed on 
tublos of stone, or ou walls whitewashed lor the 
purpose. These tables were called alia (while), 
and the Greeks employed the word kwoim, 
which has the same signification, to designate 
tlij same object. Some of their official ioscri|)- 
tions, traced in red ink, have been found ou the 
walls of I'ompoii. Afterwards the name of 
ulhum was given to every register, whether pub- 
lic or private. 

In the sixleenlh century, learned men intro- 
duced tlio custom of carrying blank books on 
their journeys, in which tliey noted down their 
thoughts or the remarks of the brethren they 
visited. About Uiis lime certain female writers 
adopted llie habit of making annotations on the 
margins of their books. Cerlnin learned men 
Htiached a groat value to these copies, and added 
fresh notes, either from their own hands or those 
of their brethren and friends. 

The famous "Julia's Garland," presented by 
the Duke of Monlauzier to ihc beautiful Lucille 
d'Angcnnes, and of which each leaf contained, 
under tbe designation of a symbolic flower, a 
complimontaiy verse to the praise of the "fayre 
ladye," would bo, beyond question, the most 
gallant of albums, if the donor had not unluck 
ily conceived tbe idea of having the verses copied 
by a ponmun, instead of being writien and 
signed by the authors thcmsolves. What a price 
this manuscript, which was sold for S^OOO, ntthe 
sale of La Vallicro's eflccts, would bring now, 
if, instead of being merely a marvel of penman- 
ship and binding, it was also a collection of au- 
tographs ! Jt is proper to remark, in honor of 
Montauzier, that "Julia's Garinnd " was not the 
production of a contribution levied ou poetical 
talent; the noblo marquis did not think himself 
freed from the obligation to pay his writers, bo- 
cause he had paid f.)r the illuminations, the vel- 
lum and the binding of his album. This is an 
example which ftmnioura in our dtiy have rather 
neglected. 

The most extraordinary and most voluminous 
of known ulbums, is certainly that of Baron 
Barkana, a traveller .ind humorist, born at Alep- 
po in Syria, who died at Vienna in 1776, after 
having rambled over tlie whole world. This 
singular character had collected in his album 
352i testimonials, thoughts, scutenees, epigrams, 
etc., signed by all the princes, savans, and other 
distinguished jjcrsons of Europe and the world. 
Beside Voltaire and Montesquieu, figured the 
chftitlurv d'Lon, the poet Metasiasiu, the prince do 
Ligne, Dr. Van Swieim, Spauish marchionesses, 
Gwrman canonesses, libinrians, literati, etc., etc. 
This album contained 1895 pages. It last be- 
longed to Goethe ; but nobody knows what be- 
came of it afier the death of the great poet of 
Weimar. 

After 1815 the rage for albums became in- 
tense. A few years ago we saw a cnricuture of 
that period representing a horn of plenty from 
which escaped u deluge of albums, while a 
ei-owd of men were flying from ihemata2,40 
pace, sheltered by umbrellas. There ar« now 
very few young ladies who do not possess un 
album. Distinguished literary men are persecu- 
ted for contributions, and some of them liavo 
adopted a phntse, or typical sentence, which they 
U'peat invariably in ©very album presented to 
them. Generally, however, they copy some 
upotliegm from their printed works. Now this 
is the death of albums, which have no value 
intsrest unless they contain unpublished 
thoughts. But this stratagem oT authors is jus- 



THE KKLL-KIKD. 

In the forests of Guiana at day break, and at 
sunset, may be heard mingling with iho morning 
and evening tributes of the birds, a loud, clear 
note, like the sound of a distant bell ; and at 
noon when all animated nature iu forest and 
grove seems hushed in tropic silence and ropose, 
this tolling sound steals through tbe air at regular 
intervals, and pauses the drowsy hearer from his 
mid day reverie. This peculiar music is made 
by the bell-bird, o native of those climes, called 
by the Indians, Dara. and by the Spaniards 
Campanero. This bird is described by Water- 
ton, an English naturalist, as beiug about as 
large as a jay, with plumage of dazzling whilo- 
ness, and form much resembling a dove. The 
peculiarity which distinguishes the bell-bird from 
all others, in appearance, is a rounded audtoper- 
ing mnscular excrescence, of a jet-black color, 
and covered with short feathers, which proceeds 
from the forehead. This caruncle is flexible, and 
usually hangs down upon one side of the head ; 
but when the bird would give forth its peculiar 
note, it is raised by muscular contraction, and 
protrudes above the head a distance of two inches 
or more, forming a hollow, spiral tube of smalt 
diameter. The cavity of this tube connects with 
the throat, and it is supposed by naturalists that 
the bell-like tones of the bird are produced by 
the quick vibration of the air through this singu- 
lar crest. The bird's note is full and rich, like a 
silter-loned bell, and may be heard in the still- 
ness of the forest, for a "distance of three miles. 
It seeks not the companionship of other birds; 
but alone in tho midst of those extensive wilds, 
perched upon the high and withered top of an 
aged mora tree, it gives forth this strange and 
solemn strain. First a single toll, and then o 
pause for a minute, while the sound floats away 
into silence; then another toll, and llien again a 
pause of longer duration ; after which the former 
SQCcession is resumed. 

Franck. — The sentence of fine and imprison- 
ment pronounced against Count do Montalem- 
bert, for a severe but high-toned article on politics, 
1ms damaged Louis Napoleon more than anything 
he has done recently. Well docs the Boston 
Courier remark, "What must be the end of a pow- 
er that thus dreads criticism and suppresses dis- 
cussion, and muzzles every mnttering lip. and 
will have nothing less than slavish, silent obedi- 
ence — the prostration of an oriental mute that 
obeys without protest* All history must be 
false — all experience must bo wrong — if such a 
system can stand." 



Compliment to Euward Everett. — An 
English-Greek lexicon lately published m Greece, 
has been dedicated to Edward Everett. Tlic au- 
thor says, among other things, " The sympathy 
von exhibited, in your political station, in favor 
of my struggling country, is ever before me, and 
I embrace with delight this opportunity of mak- 
ing some sign of gratelul remembrance." 

riccoLOMisi. — Ono night lately, when this 
little lady was " out ol the bills," she went to 
the horse opera and enjoyed it amazingly, clap- 
ping her hands and laughing like a child. Catch 
her to patronize the Italian opera when there's a 
circus in town. She's been there 1 



Tin: LVRir poi/tky of elbopk. 

All poetry is from God. It is the highest 
form of revealed truth. It is the emanation of 
Divinity in man ;-that subtle and myslcnous 
power which invests every object on which it 
rests with tho golden sunshine of beauty and 
love It was undoubtedly the eariicst form of 
revelation to man. What i^ there of higher 
poetic sublimity than tho scene upon Mount 
Sinai, when in the midst of clouds and thunders 
tho Almighlv revealed himself to Moses 1 So 
is it the highest and most impressive medium f<.r 
the communicaliou of ideas which man can cm- 
ploy. There is no lofiier aspiration of the licart, 
and no wider reach of the intellect, than thai 
which the true poet feels and enjoys. To him 
tho world is fall of a divine beauty, as it ap- 
pears to the eye of the Creator. The diversities 
of human life, its inequalities and its hard con- 
ditions, are but so many musical notes in the 
scale of existence, wliich under the magic power 
of his genius become united in a grand and 
beautiful harmony. Poetry is ono of the re- 
quirements of everyday life, as it is the almost 
necessary food of every cultivated and refined 
intellect. What were the world without the rich 
legacy which the mighty spirits of the past have 
left us ! How much harder were our condition, 
were it not for the inexhaustible stores of 
encouragement and consolation which it con- 
tains 1 

That poetry has exerted an influence of tho 
most happy and enduring kind no one will deny. 
Its labor lias been, and is, to purify and exalt. 
In its application to domestic life, it has invested 
,ho lowliest condition and the humblest charac- 
ter with the highest charm of the picturesque 
nnd tho beautilul. It has reconciled the down- 
trodden spirit of the rudest peasant to a patient 
endurance of the severities of his lot. Through 
the impassioned melody of the sacred lyric it has 
warmed into vigorous life the early bud of relig- 
ious feeling, and fed and nourished it by tho 
timely ministrations of Heaven. It has filled 
armies with tho delirium and glory of ambition, 
and led them to rush recklessly into tho mid- 
honors of the ensanguined field. There is no 
land and no sea which it has not celebrated, nnd 
no people, savage or civilized, which has not 
received tho benefactions of its divine office. 

" All. ftll sre glowing with the inward fianie. 
" Whoso wider halo wreaths the poet s name. 

The lyric stands pre-eminent among the raoBt 
impulsive forms of poetry. It is the most natu- 
ral, direct and inspiring. It has preserved tho 
traditions and kept alive the scanty civilization 
of the dark age.';. As a national and historic 
muse, its power has nfll"eeted widely the condi- 
tion and destinies of nations and peoples. Nor 
is it necessary, for instances and illustrations, to 
go behind the eariicst poetic literature of modem 
Europe ; for the golden periods of Grecian and 
Roman liistory, which mark the appearance and 
the successes of the great masters of the ancient 
classic scliools,— Homojurindar and Theocritoa, 
Virgil and Horace,— cSn furnish no belter ex- 
amples of the etTectivc lyric than may bo found 
in the ruder structures of the northern nations 
of the modern worid ;— the poetry of the " ale- 
poets" or gleemen, and tho sccops of ancient 
Britain, the skalds or minstrels of Norway and 
Iceland, or, coming down to the romantic periods, 
in tho songs of the Trouveres and iroubudourB 
of France, tho Minnesingers of Germany, or in 
the modern classic poetry of England, Franco, 
Italy and Spain. 

The term lyric, as applied to the kind of poo- 
try of which we are writing, is derived from tho 
ancients. The custom of accompanying their 
songs with musical instruments, among which 
the lyre was an especial favorite, was the origin 
of the name ; nnd under it are embraced all tho 
varieties, whetlier in respect of .subject or versifi- 
cation, of these kind of composition. The lyric 
poem, when accompanied by music, is better 
defined by the common English appellation of 
8ong; and when not so accompanied, rests 
upon the implication that it is to be chanted 
or sung. 



rRosi'uiuTY — I'rosperity has been likened to 
a fond mother who spoils her children. But al- 
most everybody would like to try a little of that 
sort of spoiling. 



LiFB. — To be bom, to grow up, to remain sta- 
tionary, and tbeu to decay — that is life. As 
Sbakspearo says : 

•■ L'f,' > a brief candle ! then p!<iy out the vUiy. 
Vii Tillainy I" 



" ThuF Pung the uncouth fwains to the ofttf and rills, 
Willie iho EtllL morn went out with tandali gray . ' 

The lyric poetry of Europe includes so wide 
a range of subjects nnd form— of rhythm, as 
scarcely to admit of any arbitrary distinctions. 
Viewed historically, however, we observe thrco 
giund and important eras which mark the dis- 
tinctions Funicicnily for our present purpose. 
The first is that of the ballad, or descriptive 
poem, 'fliifl form was employed in the rudest 



BALLOUS PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPAMOX. 



27 



periods of focicly, in ncftrlr all the Furopcan 
nations, before wriling was known ; and it was 
either sung or recited, with musical aroompani- 
ments, by the wandering miuEtrels of thofc 
days, 

Thi" min»ti*t9 c«m* at fpntlvp c*!! ~ 
TroopiDg tb«y cam^ from Tar and nntr, 
'• Tlie io»tal gUMU pf Diitth nnd wnf . ' 



sli-:epinu cars. 

The Great Western Railway Company have 
recently ctiuipped tlieir road with improved and 
very commodious sleeping cars, for the accom- 
modatioa of the night intvcl between Suspension 
Bridge and Windsor in Ciinnda West, on tho 
great line of travel from ADiuny to Chicago. 
These cars coinain a duublo row of beds, three 
tiers high, running along the centre, and num- 
bering in all thirty-six. On either side of the 
cars is a row of seat*, one to each bed. The bed 
is a hair mattress, on wire springs, and is cover- 
ed with Brussels carpeting. It is equipped with 
pillow and quilt, and screened by silk dunui-k 
curtains. Tho cars can ho divided inio separate 
apartments by means of curtains, for tho accom- 
modation of family parties, or Indies travelling 
' alone ; so lliat three or more persons can be en- 
tirely shut out from the rest of tho company, and 
occupy their beds in privacy. At one end of the 
car there is a double woslistand, and mirror, for 
the use of passengers ; and these accommoda- 
tions are sot off with very handsome cabinet- 
work. Those who have used ilieso improved 
cars for night travel, speak in the highest terms 
of their convenience and comfort, and say that 
the vibratory motion is much less, in consequence 
of the grenler weight being along the centre in- 
Bloftd of the aides, as in the ordinary cars. 



neslfl are sometimes boilt in crevices loo small 
for the female cuckoo to enter, and it is al»0 cer- 
tain that she does not press her body upon the 
frad nest of the hedge sparrow, which would be 
too small to receive hor, and would be grvally 
deranged by such an uitempt. Lo V»illani, the 
oatanilist, shot cuckoos in Afiica, which were 
carrjing the egg in the throat, ready to be irans- 
fcired lo the nest ot tho bird's dupe upon the first 
favorable opportunity. The young euckoo ill 
repays the kindly care of it< fwter parents, hut, 
a» it grows larger, crowds the rightful children 
of the household out of the nest, and monopo- 
lizes the entire accommodations to ilsolf — the de- 
luded parents feeding it and cherishiug ii until 
ita strength and superior siie enable it to turn 
upon its protectors, and requite their fostering 
attention by mitking savage war upon them. 
Such a bird was aptly chosen by the great 
dramatist to typify an ungrateful, tyrannical 
usurper ; and its pitiful du|)es equally well ropro- 
BCDi the man who cannot take care of hi» own 
household. 



A HORSE ANECDOTE. 

A Canadian friend of ours was telling us tlio 
other day liow ho managed to break a favorile 
horse of his of one trick— that of breaking his 
halter whenever he was fastened in the stable. 
Our friend placed tho animal in question in a 
stable that stood exactly on the edge of a high 
blutr some thirty feet above the St. Lawrence. 
As ufunl, so soon as he was k-fi alone, our pony 
broke his halter, backed out of the stnble-door, 
and, as a necessary consequence, tumbled, lieels 
over head into tho river, disappearing below tho 
surface wirii the impetus and gravitation of his 
fall. Ho was next seen swimming for dear lifo 
and heading in shore. He landed in a dripping 
condition, and was easily sccurccl. Doubtless 
ho pondered gravely over tlio lesson, for ever af- 
terwards lie never made the slightest attempt to 
hreak his haller. The philosophy of dealing 
with horses, and periiaps with nobler animals, is 
to fight them with their own weapons ; to let 
them be punished by their own vices. If your 
pony has a trick of bucking, back him a quarter 
of a mile— if lie stops, tie him fast to the place 
lor from twelve to twenty-four hours, without 
food or water, and he will bo glad to obey you 
when you next call on hira. At least, so bays 

our Canadian authority. 



A Ki;rriiR cabi^e. 

An improveuienl on tho Atlantic Telegraph 
Cable has been made by a Baltimore manufue- 
turcr, which bids fair lo work satisfactorily. The 
new cable consists of a single conducting wire 
of copper, covered with gulta percha and then 
overlaid with n woven coat of hemp, which last 
is saturated with a gummy solution. There are 
several advantages attending this improvemoiit. 
In tho first place, the cable is less than half tho 
diameter of the old one, and therefore one vessel 
can stow away enough of it to reach across tho 
ocean. In the second place, it is more flexible, 
and therefore can be handled and laid with more 
ease. In the third place, tho iron wires which 
encircled the old cable, are dispensed with, and 
the danger of losing electric power by induction, 
is thus avoided. The presence of a conducting 
substance on the outside of the old cable, was a 
serious objection to it from the firAl, and led 
many elociricians to predict what afterwards 
proved to he the fact, that the conducting power 
of the interior wire would he destroyed thoroby. 
This new cable is sufliciently heavy to sink as 
fast as paid out, and when once the hemp cover- 
ing is filled with salt-water, it will become ><o 
heavy that it will rest quietly on tho bottom of 
the ocean. Owing to the smaller bulk of the new 
cable, its superior llexibilily, and the use of a sin- 
gle vessel, it can be laid in any ordinary weather, 
aud as fast as a vessel can run. 



INDEPESDOCE MOM'HEST. 
Some years since a project was started in the 
fitr of Philadelphia, for the erection of ft nation- 
al monument in Independence Sqnan?, in that 
citv, lo commemorate tho l>ccl«raiiou of Inde- 
pendence. Tho proposition was made that the 
thirteen original States unite in this great and 
patriotic enterprise, and thu» blend in union for 
tho accomplishment of a work lo signaliie that 
far grvater work from which our national union 
spning. Of the thirteen, ten have responded fa- 
vontbly, through ihcir legi'^hiturcs, vis.. Now 
Hampshire, Massachusetts. Khodo Island, Con- 
necticut, Now York, Now Jersey, I'onnsylvania, 
Delaware, Maryland and C.eorgia. Virginia has 
not yet taken action. Tlic North Carulina leg- 
islaluio now bos the subject before it. iSouih 
Carolina has just considered (he proposition, up- 
on the recommendation of iho tiovcnior of ihe 
State, and one branch of tho Icgislniuro lia» iu- 
definitely poslponcd it. Hut it is thought tfiat 
wiser councils will prevail, and this hasty and 
somewhat petulant decision will he rc-considcred. 
There can be no doubt but Virginia and tho Old 
North State will unite in tho movement ; and it 
would look very bad indeed, for South Carolina, 
—a Suite that did so much to help on tho Amer- 
ican Uovolulion,— to bo tho only one of the Old 
Thirteen not represented in tho building of tho 
Independence Monument. It would bo a sight 
for the worid to admire, to behold thirteen sov- 
ereign and independent States, uniting to build 
a noble monumeul to American Liberty. Such 
a patriotic union of independent powers for the 
structure of a national work. Mould he unprece- 
dented in the annals of tho world ; and tho 
thrilling story should not he marred by the sad 
narrative, that one of this band of sisters stood 
alool in sullen discontent,— her golden crown 
dimmed by envy and malevolence. 



BOSTON PVTIWC WRRART. 

We have been lundi gratified by an examina- 
tion of tho recently -puhlishod catalogue of that 
portion of the Public Libmry which is designed 
for circulation. It enumei-atc* about fifteen thou- 
sand volumes, comprising a choice collection of 
works on all subject*, scientific aud literary. 
Kouricen thousand of these arc in. English, iho 
Tvmaindor in tho modern languages. Many of 
tho books arc not to be found in old established 
libraries. Tho honks are kept on tho lower floor 
to lie ttccossible to tho public. The rcfereneo 
library, as it may h* termed, none of the vol- 
nines of which will leave tho building, contains 
about fifty thousand volume*, to which accessions 
of valuable works are constantly making. Mr. 
Hates of London, to whoso inunilicence iho citi- 
rcns arv indebted lur this portion of their library, 
not content with what he hi« already done, \* 
constantly adding k''^ of valuable works, judi- 
ciously selected in Kurope. Many of them aro 
rare and costly. 

Of what priceless value is this library lo tho 
people of Hoslon ? Who can measure the re- 
sults which will How Ironi this treasury of 
knowledge, thrown freely open to all * As rho 
information thus uproad before tho piddie bo- 
comes ditfusod and digoited. tho city will more 
than ever merit its title of the Modem Athens. 
One tiling more remains to bo done.— and ihiii 
is, to establish a fno gallery of painting and 
sculpture, a froo school of art. This would ho a 
costly undcrlaking, but there is wealth enough 
and genoTOsity enough lo accomplish it. Tiio 
tosto for works of art ia rapidly becoming uni- 
versal, and their happy infiuenco, oven on the 
mechanic trades, i« pretty generally estimnted. 
Who will bo the first lo move in this matter 1 



"Shootin' Bullets."— It costs a pretty 
round sum for powder and shot to play the deadly 
game of war with. General Niel. of the Engin- 
eers, has just published a "Journal of the Oper- 
ations of tho Siege of Scbostopol." During the 
siege, which lasted 334 days, ihe French artillery 
threw into the town 51U,0U0 round shot, 236,000 
shell* from howitzers, .150,000 shell from mortars, 
and 8000 rockets. During the war, moreover, 
the infantry tired 28,000,000 cartridges. 



THE CUCKOO. 
The peculiarity of this bird, which has ren- 
dered the name thereof a disagreeable by-word, 
is its propensity to appropriate the care and labor 
of other birds to tho rearing of its offspring. 
Shakspearo, tho great oxteut of whose knowl- 
edge is to hit reader a subject of constant sur- 
prise, has shown, by frequent allusions to llie 
cuckoo, that he well understood the habits and 
natural history of the bird. In the reproachful 
address of the Eurl of Worcester to the king, in 
tho first "scene of the fifth act of King Henry 
IV., part first, Shakspearc likens the conduct of 
the usurping monarch to tho cuckoo, in tho fol- 
lowing passage: 

" And. bping fed by us, you used us "o 

" As that ungentle gull, the cuttoo * blrJ, 

" Osetb thx sparrow ; did oppr«!a out i.rnt; 

Qruw liy our reeding to bo gr«il a bulk, 
" That Bven our Ion- Junt not cooieuour your sight, 
" For fear ot iwallowiug . but v-Itb i.luible wiug 
" We were enfurccd, fur imfBty inke, lo My 
" Out Of your sight, aud ibis p««iiit head. 

The cuckoo is in fftct a regular impostor, and 
"gnlU other birds into hatching its eggs and rear- 
ing ita young, lo the destruction of their own 
actual offspring. Making no nest of its own, it 
lays ita eggs and then prowls about the hedge 
until it finds the hedge-sparrow absent from its 
charge, when it pops one of its own eggs in 
among those of the sparrow, and thus gets rid of 
tlie cares of incubation, and the nutrition of the 
young. There can be little doubt that the egg 
is carried by the cuckoo in its beak and depos- 
ited in the nest of the smaller bird, for these 



Fashion —It wont do for gentlemen to be 
railing at crinoline any longer, for they have just 
adopted a fashion as ridiculous— leg-of-mutton 
sleeves. The ladies used to encase their pretty 
arms in these balloons some thirty years ago, but 
the absurdity did not last a great while— and 
uow the men inOst fall into the paganism of leg 
of-niutton sleeves and peg top, cossack trowsers. 
Well, well— it's no use to philosophize on fash- 
ion. To dress up to the fashion, is to eubinil to 
perpetuiil self-hurleeques. 

ClIINtSE CoOltlSO *T SlNOAl-OltE.— The 

tilth they eat in the eating-houses consist)* for the 
most pari of rats, bets, snails, bud eggs, and 
hideous fish, dried in the most frightful attitudes. 
Some of the rfslaurnfftin carry their cookshops 
about with them on long poles, with the kilchcn 
at one end and the salle-a'Hian-jrr at the other. 
These are celebrated for a soup made from large 
caterpillars, boiled in thin gravy with onions. 

Pkikcei.v IlANKEns.- The house of Roths- 
child have established a branch at St. Petersburg. 
The Kothschilds arc the arbiters of peace or war. 



THE M1I»1«HT SUN. 
Every ono knows that in the norlberu coun- 
tries of Europe, the days iu summer are vury 
long. Towards the frontiers of Lapland, for in- 
stance, at St. John, the sun does not set for sev- 
eral nights. A great number of tourists repair 
to Mount Ava Sasca, situated near Tornea, to 
:iijoy the curious spectacle. 

Among these tourists, a few years ago, was a 
rich Englishman. He reached the summit of 
the mountain on the last day on which tho phe- 
nomenon was visible, at ten o'clock in the eve- 
ning. He was followed by a servant bending 
under tho weight of an enormous basket of pro- 
visions. Silling down on the grass, he ato and 
drank copiously, and about half-past eleven fell 
down asleep. But when he felt his eyelids clos- 
ing, our Britisher had called his servant and 
ordered liim to awake him exactly ui midnight. 

At tho appointed hour, the faithful John shook 
his master, exclaiming — 

'■ Vakc up, sir— quick, or you'll lose it— it's 
twelve o'clock." 

" Let ine alone, John— I never slept so sound 
before." ^_ 
" But it's the lust day, sir ; and you know— ' 
"0. hang it!" said tho Englishman; "lot 
mo be, I tell you. I'll come bark utrt y^ar .'" 

And ho was fast asleep. The legend docs not 
inform us whether he really camo back the next 
year to enjoy tho spectacle he had missed for iho 
sake of a nap. 



A Ml.KJUT MIST.IKIl 

Mr. Applcboy, a nuhcr susceptible single gen- 
tlcman, has for a fortnight past been doligliied by 
the singing and playing of a pianist iu a room 
directly beneath his chamber. He lodges iu tho 
house of the lady's mother. Fancying that 
her continual concerts wero intended especially 
for his ear ami approbation, his heart was touched 
with gratitude, and ho resolved lo slep down and 
Uiank her. And so he did, as gallantly iwi I'o^-si- 
blo, at the door, with his baud upon tho left sido 
of hia best waistcoat ; and wound up with iho 
hope that the acipiaintance, so grncclully and 
significantly commenced, might I'o continued as 
pleasantly. " The jiido slummed tho door in my 
face!" says Mr. Appleboy; "and as I wont up 
stairs again, I heard her and some young upstart 
of a fellow laughing Uiemselves into tiu." Mr. 
Appleboy is looking out for now lodgings. 



The BiKTir of Lovb. — Andrew Chtfnicr 
gays that lovcni arc fond of tho country because 
Love was bom in the fiebis. " The daughter ot 
a shepherd, a rustic maid, found him ono spring 
morning, newly-born, and lying in the heorlof a 
rose. His lips were ball open iu a tranquil 
sleep. She seized him by the lips of hi* gilded 
wings, took him from his cradle with a limid 
hand, all dripping with dew ud he was, and 
warmed him in her bosom." Ilather a pretty 
conceit — isn't it ^ 



Gambling.— The vice of gambling is tke fruit 
of avarice and ennui, and iu prey is always an 
empty head or empty heart. 



A Hint ! — When you are purchasing the 
much-puffed weekly papers, buy a copy of the 
Flufj of our Union, and when you gel home, qui- 
ctly compare it with others, then jmhjr for youn^lj. 
The price is fqvk cents. Jt is fresh and orig- 
inal from headline to imprint, ami, in spiio of 
the imraeuso exertions of its rivals, hnn never 
j-ot been beaten in a single issue 1 

( — . 

A OLSEnoLS Potato.— Mr. John Phinney, 
of Machiasport, Me., raised this year from one 
potato, three pecks of good ones. We i-espect 
such a potato; there's nothing small about i I, 
and it must have had as many eyes as Argus. 



Natiokal OiiATiTUDR.— It cKunol ho denied 
that Kngland is kind to the memory of her lie- 
roes. The number of subscribers to the Itaglan 
Tesliinonial is 1550, and ihe total amount of 
subscriptions, £13,000. This sum has been ex- 
pended in the purchase of a house uud land in 
the neighborhood of llaglan Castle, as a resi- 
dence for the eon and heir of the late lamentcil 
Field -Marshal. 



Oi-EBATic— Felicien Obti I's "ta-st Days of 
Herculancum." has been brought out with great 
splendor at the French opera. 



Kow AMI This. — Montulemhert has been 
K-nteni'iMl to prison for paying that Great Britain 
was moro powerful ilian France. Some two 
hundred years ago, Galileo was condemned for 
saying thai the earth moved round the sun. 

A QLEEK Idea —Horace Mann says itinl an 
annnal cock-fight in Boston would he less detri- 
mental than the competition for mwluU at the 
public schools. 



T... FU« 0/ 0U» UxiOJ-.-TbU popuI« 
Km. J^d in nuu.bcr on.. -''"^'^..'^tJ nThic? 



Gettixo 13ITO BuftisESS — T^ui* Napoleon 
has concluded to take a hack at the Fillibu^tcrs 
in Central America, not having much to do ut 
Europe just at present. 

Tkcb —If it is useful to make true friends, 
il is no loss so 10 avoid making inveterate 
enemies. 

IIiiMAX LirK— We are bom amidsl tears, 
live amidsl complaint*, and di« amidsl rcgreu. 



BALLOU-S PICTORIAL^DRAWING^R^^ 



STEPHEN MASSETT, ESQ. 
("JEEMES PIPBS OF PIPMVnXE.") 

talked of, 80 «'l^^"^"^°"^^"l"rSwra3 Jecmoa 
Stephen Ma«.ctl more SrosT elocationiHt, 

PipcB of PipcBville," ^o'^'^'"'*',,^^"',rof otwm and 

good fellow to , J^'^.'^fr^i^^^^^^ i''«>"«f 
prepared and *?r7 m^Lu when he "holds 

M a good likenMB of Mr^„S.'ty of oxpresnion that 
Btill," for such is t>'f,^,^l^'',Vra e^^^^ and 
we dare say ho could su ^""^ * i"^"'^' J^^,, other an the 
theywo.Hd'undif^«r ^ mnch ^o.^^^^^^^ 

likenosfl «f G''"^'^^T"tl.ecomc thoroughly Amori- 

CflDizod hy "Jo^'^J^f no rocord that would prove 
hig earlier y^^^^^^j^^ Wo believe that he first ap- 
inUireBtingloourroaaorB. *r ™ j g. c., at 

pearod a voci. iBl in ^at once became a 

of tlie Segams- c^oneert« and at 0^^ 

favorite with the publ.c^ jl'Vo m Sinclair, so well r/- 
at the concerts f'^"" ^^.^ ^-^.^''nnd jadiciouB infitrac- 
memhorcd here, "''"^.^^PJ^^ JJ? c.Uful vocaliBi. 
tions stimululed "^"^ J 'o„^no„ the«e srenes 

His favonteaonKSje , A«/J«^, .,Li,,ut of 

weroa boy again," m which 

he was intarinbly encored. 

At Charlenton he composed 

his (nmouBiionK/'Whcn the 

Moon on thol-akois beam- 

ing," of which fifty thou- 

sand copies Iiave been sold 

without cxhauBtinK it* pop- 
ularity or the demand for it 

at the music Moron. From 

Charleston Mr. MiwHCtt 

came lo New York and ap- 
peared on tho mat;o 0.1 the 

Count in Hooka's opera of 

" Arailio," which Imd a run 

of sixty nights. JIo was 

received with the bi};lio8t 

favor hy the public and tno 

presB. Then as now, ho 

cliarmcd his audiences by 

the boautv of his voice and 

tlio power of exproBsiou 

which chBrficleri/.od h i s 

HonRf. Wo next find Iiim 

traveltinE through Now 

Kntitiiiid with " Yankee 

Hill," whom he assisted in 

his popular entertain men tfl. 
In 1843 "a truant disposi 
tion " led him to visit tho 
East, and hifl letlors describ- 
ing the Grei k and Turkish 
citioB ho visited, were mib. 
lishod in ibo New York, 
" Spirit of tho Times," over 
tho since famous Bignaturo 
ofJoomoB Pipes of Pipee- 
ville." In 1844 he appeared 
ofl the " Wizard, ' in Jamos 
G. Macdor'B opera of tho 
" Peri," produced nt tlio 
Molodoon in this city. It 
will be reraembcred that bis 
HUcre*B was complete. Slgnor do Bcpnis, nt 
whose concerts he also sung with euccciw. urged 
him to go to Italy and study music, asanring him 
that he ]>oaBesKod a fortune in his voice. Hut 
about this time be turned his attention to another 
career, and commenced tiic study ot law in tbe 
oflico of James T. Brady of Now York. The 
gold fever of 1S49, however, found him swept 
away hy the lido that set to California, and, in 
April, 1849, bo landed in San Prancimco. Ho 
was soon afterwards appLiintcd n notary public 
by the acting governor of tbe tcmtory, and also 
administered justice as an "alcalde." In Juno, 




STEPHEN MASSETT, ESQ. 



1849, lio gave his first concert in California, in 
San Pranciaco, witliout ony assislnncc, filling the 
old school-houBO in Portsmouth Square, nnd 
putting five hundred dollnrs into bis purse by the 
operntion. Wo next fiud him engaged in busi- 
neas in Sacramento, but when Herz, the pianist, 
visited California, he accepted of an ofi'cv of 
S200 a night to sing at his concerts. Wo next 
find him one of the editors and proprietoi-s of tho 
Marysville Herald. He left California in 1852, 
for Now York, and thence sailed for Europe, in 
18.V1, making an extensive tour throngb Great 
Brilwn and tho continont. His observations and 



oxporiencca were related in a serios of brilliant 
and entertaining letters in the " Spirit of tbe 
Times." " Jeemes Pipes of Pipesville's " name 
attached to an article, was sure to give it cur- 
rency. In 18S3 he revisited California, where ho 
remained tilliasG, whevi he departed for Aue- 
tralio, where, as in Tasmania, he gave his charm- 
ing entertainments, consisting of songs, reci- 
tations, imitations, narratives of adventures, etc., 
reaping a golden harvest, and establishing an 
enviable ropntation in public and in private. 
Mr. Massolt next appears, giving concerts and 
readings in Bombay and Calcutta with great 



.nrc^HS Bnt his projected tour through India was cut 
Zn hy the mutiny, %omo thrilling scenes ^f which, 
S?a/thc blowing of rebel Sepoys from the guns ho 

o'^- G^rS^^ «b« most brilliant sue- 

cLrwUh l^s "Reminiscences of Travel. ' Since his 
retur^^ to this country, his entertainment.', m New Y ork. 
fiSn a"d other dties, have proved a senes ot n- 
^mphs The high character of his performances, tho 
tS accomplishments of tbe peri-ormer, his humor 
IJd pathoMbe strangeness of the adventures he relates, 
S?e iSonding of wit and sentiment, music and elocution 
his entertainments, tho absence of all theatnca 
adjuTcts. combine to ^ivo them nn attraction for all 
Stes while the most ngid moralist can find nothing 
^Ssure. In the broad field which this conntry 
opens to a man of talent, a universal favorite like Mr. 
Esctf^issurfl of the most complete and honorable 

Bucceas. 

TANK AND TEBIPLE OF THE SIKIIS. 
The brilliant oriental picture below, is striking in 
architectural and natural hcauty. Umntzir, the rel.g- 
?ous capital of tbe Sikh people, was fin.t ^onstitu ed ft 
holy ci V by Arioon, fourth Gooroo at the end of tho 
sSLnth c'ontuW ; but it was not till the S.kh power 
bad re^hed i.s-7,;nith under Kunject Singh that the 
buildings which surround its Bacied tank werecomplet- 
^ ed in their present state; 

before that time, however, . 
it was a placa of great resort 
(or the Surbut Khulsa, or 
whole Sikh people, after 
they liftd risen to political 
importance by their con- 
quests, and where, before 
mey were united in submia- 
sion to a single chief, thov 
used to meet for consul- 
tation at least once a year, 
at the festival of Rnma, 
when the cessation of the 
rains made military oper- 
ations practicable ; for, 
though every Sikh was free, 
and each was a substantive 
member of their common- 
wealth, yet it was Goon 
found that all could not 
lead, and it was hoped that 
the performance of religious 
duties and the awo inspired 
by so holy a place might 
cause selfishness to yield to 
a regard for tho general wel- 
fare ; and the assembly ot 
chiefs was called a " Goo- 
roomutta," to denote that, 
in conformity with Govindo 
injunction, tliey sought wis- 
dom and unanimity of 
counsel from their teacher 
and the book of bis word. 
Piiring the contests with 
the Molumimedaus for su- 
premacy in tho Punjaob, 
Umritmr was several times 
taken, and its holy places 
defiled ; but Runjoet Singh 
took ample revenge, when 
he undertook the rebuilding 
of tho temple, by carrying off thn white marble 
pinnacles from the Padshabi Musjid at Lahore, 
and also rifling the tomb of Jebangheesi, at the 
same place, of all its beautiful inlaid work. It 
now adorns the lower part of tliis bnlhani tem- 
ple the upper story of which is ol copper gilt: 
the causeway leading to it is also of inlaid white 
marble from the same sources. Wiih the crowds 
of worshippers, the gay drosses of tbe women, the 
groups of the liiithcrs, devotees and other singu- 
lar attendants, altogether it f..ims one of the most 
striking and picturesque scenes in the whole of 
the British Indian empire. 




TANK AND TEMPLE OF THE SIKHS, AT DMKTTZTR. 



B.U.LOU'S PICTORIAL DR.S.WING-ROOM COMPANION. 



29 




COSTUMES OF PEASANTS AND PORTERS, CAOLIARI, SARDINIA. 



COBTtlHES OF PEASANTS AND PORTERS, 

CAG1.IABI, ISLAND OF SAIiDlNIA. 

To a mnjority of people notliiiiK is so interest- 
ing in the pictorial line as representations of 
national costumes. Sir Walter Scott well un- 
derstood this popular trait, and a large portion 
of his descriptions refer to the dresses of his 
characters ; and we all know how sadly ihe effect 
of a 6tage-p!ay is marred wlieo the characters 
are not properly costumed. The accompanying 
engraving introduces us to a group of peasants 
and porters in Cagliari, Sardinia. 

Cagliari (the Roman Caralis or Carales) is the 
principal town of the island of Sardinia, and is 
Bitaatod in the Gulf of Cagliari, near the mouth 



of the River Merlai^ia. Since the establish- 
ment of the telegraph at this place, it has becomo 
of increased importance. Its streets arc miser- 
ably paved, and ani only twenty feet wide. Hero 
are twenty-three monasteries and nurmeries, thir- 
ty-eight rhurclics, a handsome theatre, a spacious 
and secure harbor, with a roadstead. Tlie in- 
habitants, above 35,000 in number, carry on a 
traffic in oil, wine, and, above all, in .lalt, pre- 
pared in the neighborhood. Tho houses and 
streets remind one much o( a Spanish town, and 
this maybe accounted for by the long period 
which the Moors had possession of both Spam 
and Sardinia. The costumes of the natives are 
very peculiar. Tho centre figures in our sketch 



represent a peasant and his wife from the intori- 
or. Tho man's dress consiBt* of u brown coat ; 
a tight-tltting, thick red waistcoat, buttoning at 
the side ; a black leather girdle, a short petti- 
coat of coarse black cloth, very thick ; and very 
loose white calico trousers, which, at a littlo dis- 
tance, look liko a white petticoat. A large black 
hilt, with a red handkerchief falling from under 
one side, completes his coslumo. Tho other fig- 
ures are porters. 

LANDING PIER, AUiXANDRIA, EtJYPT. 

The spirited engraving on this page repre- 
sents a dctarhmont of British troops, on tho way 
to India, debarking on tho pior at Alexandria. 



Tho European officers and soldiers, in their fa- 
tigue (IressM. contrast utriklngly with tho notiyen 
in their oriental coslumcs, ns the steamer with 
her bows on does with the latveii sailod craft of 
tho modem Egyptians. Tho troops for Indiii 
sail from Southamnton to Suez, and such aro tho 
facilities prepared by tho Peninsular and t)rion- 
lal Company, that they have declared their 
readiness lo underUvko to forward 2000 troops a 
month through the pasha's land-steppcs. Tho 
nritish govi^rnment provides the men with cloth- 
ing, allowing them only to carry their great coat, 
ba-ad-liag, and reitlenished wale r- bottle* ; raoro 
than this would unlit men to stand 8udd«n 
chnngca of climate in these low latitudes. 




30 




To mi tiio sity. 

With tl«l'l i''"*' 
TI.H«li,byhi«oi.nrAr.M.l,-Kt. 
Kmc. ,*«gr.^'n«rbor».«K.'r.p lngN 

Alnft, the u..."i.l*l" ''''«•"' 

Above iWr -H'l"' '^"f" "r«"y- 
Th,.c««lcrn^'""'l'' wllb glorj Mroam, 
And rllal d"/- 

eONNHT VIWM TIIK ITAI-UN- 

NiaUT. 

MKoDwhllo. without, 
A .iKhlng mln from u lo« rrli.ac of c4oud 

.m .ij.i -Uv liiv oiii-'u; and tlio nUir 
lioiwwu 111." ui oumiilaU-d ^^'■"'^"f ' ,,,, 

SOLITUDK. 
WXu bk-M-a, KU'-l'ud nil mui. did nod 
An Kiun w t"". 



CiOM!4ll> WITH TIIK BKAPICB. 

U-s. tl.M. l«o ...oulb in «prl"K. ""-l dnjo gv'Ulng loug- 
Tlio-o ..ro I.r-PL.rul f.cu (..r tho«. who crou.h .md 
..w.r bcoeatb lh« ley of wlo.or, iavulids co.Iiued 

to their rliftinbcn. people «bo buTi- outgro^ru ihatlug, 
„nd v-hD tblLik, >vllU Dr. Vr»nWl... tbr.t ^Idgl.lDg b 
botlvr r..n limn lilting ,vUh joar f.-t lu a p.»l o co- 
««tcr aud ringing n Uaud-bcll, Wo pUy Ibe luv;illd»- 
l.utfwlK-ftUhy iiion uiid «om.n theto 1> no eicu.u for 
nibdlloD rw^i'"' 'b" luvigomliog dUclpllno of «lnl.T. 
Uwly nnd br-dQ flr« botWr f.-r lU k.-en bliat-lt la only 
lh« Sybftrito, wLo ounnot cnduru ft crumpled roio-H-afou 

1,1, coach, «ho ndls at It Mr- D.y..nl'« btk-rfl from 

8p:iin. -Ilia, a,,p.-ared duriug his i>t>«,ur« in the Bvcnlug 
i-osl, about to be Coll«t«d nnU published in ft vol- 
i,D,„ . . Tho I-itwbuisU UMOilo Bho«« a blunder by 
TbBckmj.ln "ThcVlrglul.ui«." in ({.'Uing hh troops 
on the wrong side of the Monongrtbeb Jtivur. In the 
iMt mimbcr Thwkfray i-P^'aks of lUo hunl«r B gelllug 

eiigtir from the mnplM laU- In Ibo nutumu Thu Vi^n- 

cwblo Humboldt, uolwlth.lai.dlog l.i» tt.ll kuown lull 
tQBcy Willi tbc lang of PiuMlu, nppenred ot the polls at 
Ihv lato elcdioo Ui llerliu. «ud <-n.-l UU vote foi tho c«u- 
Uldalt'8 of the libemi parly. Wo alwnj * rUimed 

bin. <ut on« of thflr number TUo New Yorhcn. dou't 

BUrvo (heir spiritual Icacheri-. Clergymou'fl wib.rlei' 
range Ihew from Ctleen hundred to «U Ihousaud doilur* 
» jeat. Henry Ward Uecelier Las Ove thouwnd dollnra 
and ft pmounge r.-nt frc-e, aud makes about six thOM»aiid 
more by l«eturing and wrlllug, Ubcmllty waa always a 

leading clioraet^rbUe of New York CommnudL-r 

Maury, who U now lacluring In lb« We»t. ctales tbattlio 
chain of our great northern lakw conulu Jl.OHO cubic 
mlle^ of Irosb watflr, being nwirly ono-thlrd of all on the 
globe. It it Uis iotculloii to punoo upon tUeoe grwit In- 
land jeaa the Kinjc ayslem o( meteorologloal furveya and 
obserTalloua whleh be Uoa no aucewwluliy prw*cut*;d 
upon tUt- ocean, and with such >igual benellt to lUe mar- 
itime world TUetvisaSil-StillAMOciution lu New- 
port, B. 1 lUe member* of whieli do uot believe In any 

locomotion whatever Capt. J- D Smith recently rc- 

queeU-d the iiianters lUlng a'oug the banks of the Ar- 
fcanw Itiver not to water tht-ir cattle in the streAm bw 
tweeo Pine BlutT and Nnpolco", a* every drop wait needed 
to keep hU Blcamboat alioiit. lie nhould have ndopU-d 
the motto of the good old hidy, that "f»ery Utile 

jjp(pj^«- What <juwr lltles they gave to books In the 

Olden I'mie*'. Take the (ollowlng for instAnce -. -'A Foot- 
path to FeUcltJc," '-Ouido to Godllnewo.'' " 8warmo of 
Been," '• Plaoto ot Pleasure and Orofe of Oracw,' — 1686. 
These were moat rife in the daye of Cromwtll;— there 
were many bordering eloFcly on the ludicrous, such aa 
tUo one »lyled. " A Pjir of HellowB to Hlen oIT the Du*t 
cast upon John Fry;" and a tjuiiker, whose outward 
man tbo powers thought proper to imprison, published, 
■' A Sigh ot Sorrow for the Siancre ot iiioo, bieathcd out 



■ TTTirffanof an Bnrlhen Ve-wJ. kuo«i> »moog 

,„oo l> li^' i„ u... nold of art 'I. long ago « 

"•'"'-'Tl^^^Z^V'^r.^^^'^^'^ Of poverty 

lHH,a.,dro .tlumd h triumphed- 

rrm:t:ori::nUall.d;.^ ^arro-l . 

;;--^::;:f^tune;u.cie^^^^^^ 
^-t::!:::::^^^^'^ 

poi..t.«go»eru!nKP't«rn|f''""" " „ 

I'otlh ompanythat thay ar« "good o, tbi. day 
,0 the contrary uo.withsUndlng. Th«e to 

, beailju.t and prop,. ^ 

hrva laUly b..cu playing In New York with ""i""'"' J'" 
bTllyand.uccL. Funny Kemble thought hi. Ales- 
. ro Macaroni the n.o.t pi.turc.,ue t-^--"";^; 
,„ul ever seen, . . . The colored race «.« no le«« fond of 
o t - than their whlb- " bruddr^n ' Newa b« 

received a. FarU that the ^-peror Tbeodo.^ 1, of 
Ambm, haa declared war aguU.st a neighboring Ab, »in 
b.u pri .ce and ha. u.arched an army of 30.000 men into 
his lrrl..ry. They an. co.n.nondod by a French ^va^^^^^^^ 

ofther reconlly .erving In Algeria Cljde i 

.ha., of the prl« a.oney paid to tl. -"""'^ 
,.aials said to exceed 1^^- TUo "-^-^^ ^ 
Bubordlnalo.i i. correspondingly great. U d Clyde I. 
nol, therefore, a "aoldler who lives on his pay, and 
.„«nds half a crown out of sixpence 
Lt of un album on which Urd Byron bad wrilU-n four 
lines or poetry wa. recently sold t« a Itusslan noble an 
„t Venice, Italy, forSl»W. From this it app^-ar- that 

poetry has .'ri»." N'- -""-er "'-^•-''-2^" 

Paris about these tinu-s-fog, ra.n, snow -"^ /lu«h 
Tho sUte of the *tr«,U U a «d drawback to a wli>t.r lu 
that gay capital, otherwise so attmctive. The grand 
Iple'J mid, When snow falls, it is - ed o. and 
.■dumped" Into the Seine. About carnival time the 
«„lking is always n.l«.n.ble Many of our Boston fr ends 
sojourning there regret the bracing atmosphere of our 

northern Athens In Uuisbonrg. 

Iai..ly bad a curious exhlbition-a dog-race. The dogs 
«e.e drawa up In line and slftrU-d at the sound of a 
trumpet, like the horses on the Cor.o In thecarnivn^. 
Theseryantsof their ina^.l.rs "ere allowed to stimulate 
them, but tin kettles wore Krklly forbidden The 
WurU-mburg ladles rewarded the best runners by gifta 
of embroidered collar., ribbons, etc. The dogs them- 

sdves would doubtless have preferred beef-bones in 

his "Uletory of Dramatic UWruturo " just out, Jules 
Janin does not s|>eak Tcry highly of Hulwer, Ue speaks 
of the prologue of one of hU drumas as a " little master- 
piece of vnnllv, aristocracy and pathos and afterwards 
apostrophUes him as follows: - Ah. amiable Idiot «hat 
language and what Ideas! At Chai^nton (the lunal ie 
,.jlum) we have poets of eq.ial genius; they would 
write and think mor« wisely! ' Jules Janin himself is 
one of the Vuinct men living, and much of what be 

writes i» execn.ble twaddle Bayard Taylor s lectures 

orebtllliaotandsucc^i^rul. He describes the north cf 
Kurope gn.phieally and poetically, and holds his audi- 
ences enehalned ftom the firf I word to tho last. He has 
engagements enough for tho present season, and at prices 

to give him a little fortune Beavers, which were 

once so much valued for their furs, and were hunted 
nlmost i(.extermiD«tiou,ar« lucrcasinE lu Canada, and 

are quit* plenty within ten miles of Toronto Mr. 

Joseph Sabis of Cbarlcstown, an old Spaniard, who was 
familiarly known as " Uncle Joe.^' and who was an old 
soldier, and had (ought against Napoleon Uooaputtc, died 
recently, at tho ago of 97 je"«> l"^** "eld death at 

arm.*- length for almost a century The sixteenth of 

last month was the annlvcMary of the greatest tea-party 
ever given In the world-when tho old-school Bostonlans 
steeped ship loads of the Chinese leaf in the waters of 
the buy, and made enough of tho beverage U> ffolistV old 
Father Neptune even if he had tho love of Dr. Johnson 

for theeup that " soothe? bnt uot Inebriates.'' The 

question of how long a man can live without sleep has 
bteo decided by the following case : A Chinese merchant 
had been convicted of murdering his wife, and was son- 
teoccd to die by being deprived of sleep. This painful 
mode of death was carried Inlo execution under the fol- 
lowing ciKumst«nees: The condemned was placed in 
prison under the care of thrve of tho poUce guard. who 
wUcvedcaoh other every allernnto hour, and who pre- 
vented the prUoncr from falling asleep, night or day. 
He thus lived for nineteen days without ciyojing any 
sleep. At the commcneement of the eighth day, bis 
sufferings were so Intense that ho implored the autbori- 
111-* to grant lilm the blewed opportuuity of U-iog stran- 
gukiUd, gutlloUi ed, burned to death, drowned, garrot^d, 
shot, quartered, blown up with gunpowder, or put to 
death In any conoeWable way which their humanity or 
ferocity could Invent. This will give a slight Idea of the 

horrors of death from want ot sleep A Varis coitc- 

s(«.ndent says, in ft Utu letter; The elite have Utcly 
been getting up cha.ity faln>, and some ulco little inci- 
dents bapiwn from time to time at these reunions of tbc 
wH, fashion, and eleganee of i'ftrU. The other evcDing, 
at the Countess dc Lamballe s, a young lady was going 
round wllh a bag in her hand, soliciting for charitable 
purposM. A gentleman near whom the lady was passing 
laid In the bag a huudred franc bill. ■■ It is for love of 
you' " said he, as ho did »o. Tho lady paused un in- 
slaut. and then holdiog out the bag again. Nild : "And 
now for love of the poor. If you please!'' Her n*dy wit 
wa£ lewtnled by another hundred fnucE A Freueh- 



.„n earn. France about ^^^-rSrom^i" 
I.,ces.er S,uare or Aou rlca at s ■ ^^^^^^^^^^ 
hu., you ean nl-a/s tell that ^^out l.ow (*get 

travelling, hi. great idea Is. ''^^ „r ^is own 
b^okloFrwnee. TvL in the world 

country. K*" *''^r"'ta r Vo him the 

g7.0r)0.000 to eiO,00«. «10 worth, are ''''\^J'^'' ^ 

r::;ru"o-:r f" z ^-^ - 

rltrJctlontf^be U.m by ...I will o,.ra.e v^^ 
favorably on the trade of this country. .... . A cor... p 

deot of the aeltgious TeUg.^ph, having sent to that 
p, , r a eommunlTatlon put up In bad orthography 
« ;iar. with a request that the ^<»'"'' -"'J^";;', 
n oe«ary corrections, the editor asks: " ^ 
„. to grow blind and l-ld,*"* -"ous 
:,.n. over manus^-rip.., which, if e-ful.y Pcn d, 
miBht at once be handed to the pnnter ^1° ^- J 

and In Russia, 87- 



cv n^ th u«h quidnuncs blot my.terlousiy at " coming 
U casting tLlr shadows before.--The Undon pa- 
rrsslill euL the pardon of Count Montalembert as a 
In h Of their own, and boa.t of bavlng bull ed or 
Loued the emperor Into granting it. But the fact is 
r. Loul« Napoleon was sensible he bad comm-tu-d a 
ludcr the moment he had ordered the prosecut e ^ 
Some imagine that, af..r this, he will be more lenient o 
thTFlcb pre.., but we doubt it. The Napoleomc 
is adverse to freedom of the press. The first hft- 
poleon hated, and feared, and '^"'"f 
1. nephew of my uncle " Is only pursuing the tradition 
ary line of policy .-The piercing of Iho Isthmus of Sue. 
engages a great deal of attention, The project wU un- 
doubtedly be carried through, and wU be one of fh 
..reatest scientille triumphs of the 19.h century .-The 
rebels are still in strong force In India, and are giving 
plenty of work to the British troops, who are cutting 
them up in detail with great energy.-U)uis Napoleon 
came near breaking his neek lately by falling w.th h. 
horse. He is a splendid rider, bat his ".tar does no 
exempt him from a eel den Is. -The work on the Great 
KaslemsteAn.eris rapidly pushed forward,-Tbe patri- 
otic feeling in Italy Is at blood heat, and causes ft good 
deal of trouble to the crowned beads that bold that un- 
happy country in aubjectiou-The Atlantic lelegraph 
cable seems to bo defunct, though now and then a spas- 
modic indication of vitaliiy, au " encouraging eurreu , 
raises the hopes of the most sanguine of the shareho d- 
cr..-Umartlnei.s still pleading poverty, and complaln- 
i,.g because the people of France wont pay his debts 
One of the Knglish papere calls him ft " splendid beggar. 
It is a hard matter for the old poet to rcK:oncile the figure 
of his debts-half a million of dollars-wilh bis denial ot 
the charges of extravagance brought against hini. " Was 
ever poet so trusted before!" w Dr. Johnson said of 
Oold'milh. Probably he has bandied more money than 
auy literary man ever did before. At one time he was 
theidul of France, now "none so poor as to do him 
reverence," 

Lord Derby and the Ohurcli. 

U is siild that Lord Derby's nomination of the Rev, 
Harvey Oood«in to the deanery of Ely has been received 
^Ith great disfavor by tho great Bvaugelical party in the 
Church of England. Mr. Goodwin is stated to belong to 
the school of divinity which is known In the establish- 
ment as the Broad Church." A corre'pondeut of a 
metropolitan contemporary says; -'The appointments 
of Mr. Duiicombe to the deanery of York, and Mr. Good- 
win to the deanery of Kly have impressed all parties in 
the church with tho belief that in the case of all the 
ecclesiastical diBuitlea which fall to the gift of Lord 
Derby ho will appoint men ot uo distluclivc religious 
tIpks, and that neither the KVftugelieuls ou the one band 
nor tho TnictariauB on the other will have any chance of 
promotion ftom bim." 
Consumption of Tobaooo in France. 

In an iirlicle published by the Prcsie against tlie use 
of tobacco in France, the following sUtlatieal informa- 
tion in given : The consumption of tobacco increases in 
Frmce most rapidly. The sale brought, ou an average, 
ft net revenue to tho treasury, in the last years of the 
empire, ol 20,000,000 francs u year. In 1820, the produce 
was 42.000.000 pounds, in 1811, 72,000,000 ; nud in lft%, 
121,000.000. Kach inhabitant In I62iJ consumed in the 
year, on an average, 352 grammes (600 to the pound) ; in 
ISll- 480; and iu 1606, 706. 

Cocbin Cbina. 

The people of Aunam treat the few prisoners th;it full 
loio their hands from the French and Spanish ranks 
fjulte levewly. Recently they got possession of two 
French soldiers. One of them Lad his head cut off allor 
having been subjected to protracted tortures, and tlio 
other was lorced to walk the streets for soveral dWj e with 
his comrade's head in his hands. 

& noble Saddler. 

An English contemporary says that a rich *addler, 
whose daughter was afterwards married to the celebrated 
E.\rl of Uiilifux. oidered In his will that she should lose 
her fMrtune If .-he did not marry a saddler. The young 
Eurl of Uulifas. in oi-dec to win the bride, serv^^a uu ap- 
prenllceship of seven j«»t8 to a saddler, and afterward 
bound hlmwlf to th« rich saddlor s daughUr for Ufa. 



i„ 1 la and Is rv-solved to journey there 1-00 more, 
1 ,e whih he w„, return and .0 be sure settle down in 
h it"le house iu the Kue d Ams.crd..m. 
t intention of writing to^hamyl and craving b. hoa^ 
pltaliiy for two or three days. H i"> ^' ' 
nnmas, - I will approach him as ^ l'^;^;" f 

,111 permit. ' Perhaps JL Dumas may gi e way to hi, 
ry impe.u<,.ity, and capture Schamyl for the ben- 
out of Russia. 

^'A%°"n^p"rlT'S- Turks of Constantinople arw 

acquSV.-.'^ '•""'^ ' d 

ledy written in the Turki..h language was ...formed 
„, ,he Naoum Theatre by a company ol Armenians- The 
Ice is a Iiu.n.1 translation or a comedy by Goldoni, la 
consequence Of tho success of this repn^enUtlon an 
dea L been formed of translating into Turkish some 
IfThe dramas and comedie. ot Scribe and other French 
authors. 

Narrow Escape of the Pacific. 

^i" n^.lw»y sLmer Pacific narrowly - » « 

passage from'being caught on the '-■"-f J '^'^^J 
Lr* and totally wm^ked She ran f'^^^"^'^ 
Llscannon In the night Instead of Galway Bay, and b 
for the timely warning of the fisheirnen, -"'^ 
whore upon Lablnek, She was aU miles oul of her 
^ck The only light at the entrance of Oalway la ou 
the Arrau Islands, 

Masic in London. ' , , 

The Vocal Association" annouDce twelve concerts at 
St James- Hall, commendng iu January and ending m 
Juno Among the novelties will be compositions by Otto 
Goldsehmidt. and it is rumored that Jenny Lind may 
appear, and three marches for wind Instruments by 
Mendelssohn, performed for the first lime. 



The Opera in Genoa. 

At the Carlo Felice Opera Ilcuse.a Miss Jackson, called 
by some of the English papers an Englishwoman, and by 
others " an American from Boston," has been ^8 " 
applauding audiences. She Is described as decidedly 
homely, but flue in a musleal way. 

A Bishop murdered. ^,,01. 

The Paris Ucivers states that the Roman Catholic Bish- 
op Melchior.tbe news of whose arrest in Cochin China 
was received some time since, has been executed by ths 
aulhorilicB at IIuc. 

^"^Jhe' pretended Austro-ltalian Alliance, a league of 
Italian States formed ogninst Sardinia, under the patron- 
age of Austria is a flclion. The Viennese JournnlB Heat 
It as an nb.«urdity. 

Muflio in Paris. 

Itelart, a new tenor, is engaged at the Italian Opera, 
Choral societies arc forming all over France- One recent- 
ly organiMd numbers one hundred and sixty singers. 



NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

Tub Queen's Domain am. oti.kh Poems. By WiLLiiil 
Winter. Boston : E. 0. Libby & to. 
This pretty volume la the second collection of poems 
which the vounit author has presented to the public and 
rSSt^^ aVcided improvement upon the first, which 
full of promise, published three or lour jci-rs since. 
?^e leading poem 'la the volume before us is a graceful 
composition, and the shorter pieces exhibit * deUciit* 
fHocv and a command of the rules of versification. In 
Sr rtlnler^s verges there is no spasmodic attempt at 
effect-they clothe pure tboughts and appropriate in- 
aRes, and llow on in a smooth and peacefuUurrent, Ibfl 
book deserves success and will command it. 
TaviNo TO DK OssreL. By Mrs. Mabbuke Leslie. Bos- 
ton: Shepard, Clark & Brown. 

An eleR,intly printed and illustrated work, containing 
a nun^ber of moral sketches, and adapted to the compre- 
hension of young readers, and written 10 an agreeable 
St) le, 

Howard and nis Teacher, The S-ster's Influence, akd 
OTUCR Stories By Mrs. Madeline Leslie. Boston. 
Shepard, Clark & Brown I860. 

A series of juvenile stories, written In a ch"inln6 
style, and illustrating moral truths with great effect, 
The book is elegantly priuted and handsomely illustrated. 
Tue Yt!LE Loo A series of stories for tho joung. New 
York: Stanford & Deliseer. 

The stories in this pretty juvenile arc nell written and 
interesting and cannot r;nl to pleuse the class of readers 
for whom they are designed. The title of the book is 
tuci-eet^d by the old E.mlish custom of saving the re- 
inulus of the Yule or Christmas log to li«hl that of the 
nex jear. thus continuing tlie light of the hearlhstouo 
ftorn geniratiou to generation. Bot sale by Crosby, 
Nichols fc Co. 

Oita CB\Ri.ei, ANn wuAT TO CO wrni UiM. By Mrs. 
H.B Stowe. Illustrated. Boston : Phillips, Sampson 
& Co. 

A very pleasantly written juvenile work, which has 
already made a sen^tlon. It cannot fail to be a great 
favorite with tUe little people. 

TiiE Ballad or BAtitE Hbll, .OT»e« •'PT"^' „,^/ 
T110MA8 Bai1,EV ALDRltiH. New York; Uudd & Carle- 
ton. 

Aldricb belongs (o the modern school of poet8,«nd haa 
the faulu Of th.*t school. But he has also its merit* la 
a high degree. lUs imagery is gorgeous, his laocy orien- 
tal and ?.is vcr«.-s very music;.!. On a very slender 
thread be hangs an aftlueuce of pearls, and bis pages 
™rkle with g..ma of langOHge. IIU vo ume contains a 
So number of poeu.s, aU of them highly wrought, and 
many of them really beautiful. For wle by Brown, 
Tftgg-tird & Chase. 

DoNATi-s CosiET. A. Williams & Co, have pu''li«hcJ 
an account of Donati s Comet of ISkth. ' iu a 4lo pam- 
phlet. be»utifully illustrated. U is tbe pen of 
Ueorge P. Bond. TUo stwil engravings are the finefit we 
tjver Raw. 

ALMAT.ACS roal85i). Messrs. Brown. Tagpard & Chase 
h,.ve published the Boston Almanac lor lS,sl! in a style 
of surpassing bcautv. Amcng the attractions, in addi- 
tion to the usual matter, are views of the new college 
huildiugsin Cambridge, wiihau account of the mstttu- 
tion by the president, and the new improvementa in 
Fr-Jiiklin Str«.-et. 
ShepurJ, Clark & Browu have issued a beautiful 
Iriwly's Almiiune," illu#lratod by Billings, like the pre- 
ceding, and a very pretty illustrated J uvenite Almanac. 



BALLOU'S PKTOllIAL DTIAAVING-ROOM COMPANION. 



31 



A dread of the effects of chlopofarra, in con- 
sequence of the fjtaliiy thnt has repeatedly fol- 
lowed its administration of lute, mtiy finally in- 
duce the dentists to (M buck oti ether, which was 
never knnwn to do any harm. A Japnn let- 
ter says : The females of Nnga^nki are of the 
ordinary height, nnd some of them nre very 
handsome, and would create quite a stir in New 
York if tdcy should happen that way. The 
married ladies arc known from tUo single by 
paintinjf their lips either green or bright red, nnd 
their teeili a jet black. They urw freiiuenily 

married as young aa ten. There is a letter 

addressed to "Modesty," lyinj; in the Ilallimoro 
postoffice, and there being no claimant for it in 

that city, the posimasler has advertised it. Mi'. 

George t'Irtgg, a New England artist, for tomo 
years a resident in South Carolina, has painted 
for Mr. James Hrewstcr of New Haven a larco 
picture representing the " Landing of the At- 
lantic Cable," which is now on exhibition at 

the IJnsseldorf Gallery in New York. Across 

the face of the Prussian bank notes is printed 
some fifty times, in very small typo, the penalty 
for counterfeiting, which is fioin live to fifteen 
years' imprisonment. Convicted countorfeiiers 
cannot plead ignorance of the law The Eng- 
lish " bloomer " diflfcrs from the American fe- 
male who is designated by this term. At a re- 
cent trial in London, n young Jewess described 
herself as a " bloomer," her occupation consist- 
ing in getting .up elderly ladies -in " blooming 
Btyle " for balls and parties. Her chaise for 
blooming a countess, she said, was twenty-five 
dollars, and her earnings never less than SIOO 

per week. The San Antonio, Texas, Herald 

states that Mr. Robinson, of Boston, who in- 
tends to go into the business of sheep-raising on 
a lai^o scale, on the Gaudalupe, has received 
recently his first drove of sheep from Mexico, 
some IBOO head. The application of Ameri- 
can citizens for permission to run the submarine 
cable from Havana to Key West, has been grant- 
ed by her Catholic majesty, solely upon condi- 
■ tion that both ends of the cable arc to be under 
Spanish control ; and if otherwise, the applica- 
tion is to be considered rejected. Volk, a 

sculptor in cameo, in Chicago, has received an 
order from an English traveller for a portrait 
cameo bracelet to include likenesses of Wash- 
ington, Jcilcrson, Tranklin, Webster, Clay and 

Scott. A young lady in Uanford was seen 

wearing dry goods of a pattern similar to some 
that had been stolen in September last from an 
establishment in that city. This led to a search 
of the bouse, and a large variety of other prop 
erly, supposed to be stolen, was found. The 
girl and her mother slate that tlie goods were 

purchased of a Jew pedler. At Athens, Mo., 

a teacher in one of the schools undertook to cor- 
rect a scholar, when another scholar interfered 
to prevent the punishment. The master tliere- 
upoa drew a knife and stubbed the boy in the 
neck. The wound was considered a dangerous 
one by the physician. The name of the teacher 
and also the name of the boy stabbed is John 

Ilhines. Yeddo, the capital of Japan, is said 

to be one of the finest cities in the world. The 
castle, which includes nearly the whole centre of 
the town, is built on a sligbt eminence, around 
which there are three walls or enclosures, within 
the inner of which the Tycoon Emperor and 

heir apparent live. The Paris correspondent 

of the Journal of Commerce intimates that the 
frequent attacks of illness on the part of Mr. 
Hurrwitz, during his chess contest with Morphy, 
were devised for the purpose of protracting the 
strife, in order to subserve the pecuniary inter- 
ests of the Cafe do la Regcace, where the match 
was played. In Cincinnati, recently, a Wis- 
consin cranberry dealer who wished to get a 
check cashed, but had no one to vouch for his 
identity, exhibited his name inscribed upon that 
classic garment, his shirt, whereupon the banker 
was satisfied and paid over the money, nnd Wis- 
consin went on his way rejoicing. One of 

the leading attractions of the London book sea- 
son will be the fonhcoming life of Douglas Jer- 
lold, hy his son and literary executor, Blanchard 
Jerrold, Among the many attractions of the 
life will be found two letters from Mr. Dickens, 
describing, in his customary graphic style, his 
first interview and his last interview with Mr. 

Jerrold. The design of Lord Murray to 

erect in Edinburgh a monument to the poet 
Allan llumsay is now approaching its full reali- 
zation. It is to bo executed in marble, of qual- 
ity similar to that of Sir ^\' alter Scott's statue 



in the Edinburgh monunuMit. Uov- S. W. 

Copsball of Chatham, in a communication to 
the Xiou's Herald, on " reading sermons," Bays 
it is " simply ludicrous for men to sund up, on 
the conference floor and elsewhere, to declaim 
against the praclice of writing and reading ser- 
mons, who never wrote a sermon in (heir lives, 
and could not even if they should try. What is 
their opinion worth in iho case? Why. simp'y, 
nothing at all. It is mere prvjudice, nothing 

more." Col. Fremont's steam quarte mill at 

Bear Valley, in Mariposa county, is said lo bo 
paying handsomely. Seldom or never boi l«»» 
than St500 been taken out after a steady week's 
run, and as high as $3000 have been ob- 
tained. An incorrigible bodk-worni, turning 

over some old manu-scripts recently, at the Im- 
perial Library in Pans, fumbled out a strange 
musty piece of paper which proved to be « pawn 
ticket of Torquato Ta«so — a real curiosity of 
literature. It shows that the author of " Jeru- 
salem Delivered " had pledged his f-ither's 
waistcoat with " Signor Abraham Levi " fur 
" voQti cinque lire " on the seconrl of March, 

1570. Sir Edward Bulwcr Lytion, Lord 

Rector of the Glasgow University, has sent a 
hundred guineas, to be distributed among the 
students in prizes, the subjects of computiiion to 
be fixed by the faculty. The queen has ap- 
pointed Dr. Henry Uartb. the famous African 
traveller, to be a Companion of the Order of the 
Bath. So he ts now Ba(r}th of the Batli, a sort 
of human Baden-Baden. 



hwv ^^a l.\h vtais i;vmivwiii;uK. 

Nearly ten years ago, a gentleman named 
Harley died, and bequeathed, by will, upwards 
of ilOO,000 to the corporation of Southampton, 
England, to be expended in measures to pro- 
mote the intellectual improvement of the inbab- 
itants of that town. The will was disputed by 
distant and dubious relatives of the tcsuuor, and 
litigation has been going on up to the present 
time in the Court of Chancery. It has ended in 
a compromise, at the recommendation of the 
counsel engaged on both sides, nnd the litigants 
have withdrawn their claims for X22,500, thus 
leaving about X7d,000 for the corporation; out 
of that sum, however, the law costs have to 
deducted, amounting to nearly £.3,5,000, and the 
legacy duty, amounting to nearly £4500, so that 
all thai remains to carry out the dying wish of 
the testator is £39,780. Much indignation is 
felt in Southampton, that after the reform of the 
court of chancery, litigation can lost so long 
there, nnd its expenses be so enormous. The 
cost of taxing, that is reducing, the law charges 
was nearly £1000. 

A FAST Youth. — A young dcclaimer at one 
of our public schools went upon tho plmform 
nnd began the recitation of a familiar poem in 
this wise : 

" There i* ft ripper whose DAino is Dcfttli 
" Reaper, John," said the teacher, correcting 
him. John explained that he thought it was 
ripper, " because Death had such a ripper of 
knife in his hand," — and then "continued on." 



San Fhancisco. — Tho populolion of San 
Fmncisco is estimated to be 75,000 or 80,000 at 
the present time. The city has been filling up 
very rapidly of late ; the hotels are full to over- 
flowing, houses for family residence are all taken 
up, tliose in course of construction are engaged 
there is great activity in the building line, and 
real estate has risen twenty per cent. 

Good Advick. — If yon wish to avoid a quar- 
rel, be select in your clioice of language. If 
rude fellow addresses you in the worst imaginable 
epithets, remain unruffled, and meekly reply : 
' Your remarks do not agree with my views." 
This luinb like behaviour may induce him to take 
you for a sheep, and spare your wool. 



Large Sacbage. — Mr. S. made in a single 
piece 7.J feet, or 25 yards of sausage, using tho 
trimmings or sausage meat of two ))orker8 
weighing 460 pounds. This, we should say, is 
a great txlrnsion of the pork business. 



NitwsrAi-oitiAL. — The State of Louisiana has 
73 newspapers, 44 of which are printed in Eng- 
lish, 18 in French and Englith, eight in French, 
two in German, and one in Spanish. 



TiitOLO(;iCAL. — What mutter if the forms of 
churches do differ, so long as they all I'oinl in the 
right direction ? 



In Wisconsin they call a bribe a " pecuniary 
complimont." 

Tho London Time*, in a rwent editorial, 
speaks of the city of Portland, Me., as a ('oNd- 
tliaii town. 

The amount of flHliiu); hoantlos claimed in 
Plymouth collection district, for iho season just 
closed, is ?16,JS7 04. 

Dr. Valentino Motl once said to a graduating 
chifs ; " Young gontlvmeu, have two pockets 
made — a large one to hold tho insults, aud a 
small ouo for foes." 

A reporter of the Albany Knickerbocker says 
thai be lately (taw a man shovelling snow from a 
roof, and that he bad on a life preacrvcc. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Bradford Abbott, who was last 
*cason a member of the Itusiou Tbcairo Compa- 
ny, lately died at Chester, Orange Countv, New 
York. 

A Skating Clnb is orcanitcd at Buffalo ; gen- 
tlemen's tii kcUi five dollar*, tho ladies free ; and 
a »kating pond is prepared, to bo used under cer- 
tain rcyulution*. 

The Yarmouth Port Register says it is estimat- 
ed that S-IOiOOO worth of mackerel have boon ta- 
ken by means of neU, in the lower part of the 
county, during tlio fall aud preaeut winter. 

The Mayor of Cincinniiti recently ordered a 
ensus of the inmaio» of houses of prostitution 
in the city to be taken. The returns show thai 
tho total number within the city limiu is »00. 

The manufacturers of printing cloths, in Prov- 
idence, have entered iulo an agreement by which 
they fix upon 36 inches aa tJio meaauro of a yard 
nstcad of 37 incbo« as haa been tho custom 
heretofore. 

The value of furs exported from St. Paul, 
Minnesota, this year, is 8161,022. In l(*r>7 it 
WIU1 5182,401 ; in 1S56 it was S!)0,75tl. The ap- 
parent decrea*i3 this year is not in quantity, but 
s occasioned by the decreased value of the furs. 

Tho notorious negro convict. Dado, lately es- 
caped from the prison at Jackson, Michigan, by 
cutting thiough a plunk six inches in ihickncsn. 
Ho had chains on weighing 25 pounds when ho 
escaped. 

Ilecentlv, the wife of a farmer rchiding near 
SbipiJOnsburR, Pa., heiiring tho dogs barking vi- 
olently, went out, and found them worrying a 
largo buck. She took a knife, and seizing the 
buck by the antlers, cut his throat. 

In Ilufialo, some gentlemen have hired the 
vacant lots on the corner of Virginia Street, 
which have an area of fifty-two thousand square 
feet, which they are to fence in and lloor with 
ice. 

Tho English government, says tho Sydney 
Herald, bos uranted tho sum ol £1000 for tho 
publication of an Australian " Flora," and tho 
work has been undertaken by Mr. Uenthain, a 
distinguished botanist. 

Postmaster Fowler, of New York, had his 
pocket picked at a political meotin)^ one evening 
lately. The thief made a good haul— money 
and checks amounting to three thousand dollars. 
Rather high admission fee, that. 

A number of concrete bouses liave been erect- 
ed in California, giving entire satisfaction to the 
owners. They are said to bo superior to brick 
houses, and can bo erected at a cost not exceed- 
ing the price of the btick necessary to erect a 
building of equal size. 

The total value of steamers afloat OQ the Mis- 
sissippi and its tributaries, is more than 860,000,- 
000, and number as many as hfieen hunilred — 
more than twice the steamboat tonnage of Eng- 
land, and equal to that of all tho other ports of 
the world. 

Miles Staudish's pipe and pistol were sold at 
auction in Albiiny Ititely. The pipe was the ver- 
liable one wbicn came over with bim in the May- 
flower, and was smoked by him until bis death, 
and was made ot iron. It brought SI5. The 
pistol brought a like sum. 

The telegraph to Cuba is to be commenced at 
Savannah immediately. It runs to Key West, 
thence by submarine cable to Cubtt. It is intend- 
ed to complete the lino to Key West by next 
summer, when it will be connected with Cuba as 
soon as the cable can be laid. 

A wild buffalo has been on exhibition in Toron- 
to. It wa.s captured by a Mr. Beeres, ntur Fort 
Kearney, in the neighborhood of the Rocky 
Mountains. Though only eighteen roonibtt old, 
it weighs over 1000 pouuds, nnd is a finO speci- 
men of the species. 

The price of land near the National Metropo- 
lis may be judged from the fact that Dr. Jewell, 
of Wusliinglon, lia*ju*t purchased the farm and 
stock of Lieut. Bobrer, known as the Cottage 
Farm, lor S5000. The farm contains 180 acres, 
and is but six miles distant from the Wbiio 
House. 

Moses Bailey, an employee allhc Washington 
Foundry, Baltimore, Md , was nuied alive at 
the furnace of that establisbmcnl one afternoon 
lately. He had been sent into the cupola to at- 
tend to something and (ell into the furnace, over- 
come it is supposed by tho fumes of the 
charcoal. 

Russia sheet iron is, in the first instance, a 
very pure article, rendered exceedingly tough 
ana flexible by refining ond annealing. Its 
bright, glossy sui face is partially » ailicaie, nnd 
partially oxyd of iron, and is produced by piiss- 
ing the hot' bhcct, moistened with a solution of 
wood aslits, tbroogh polibhcd slctl rollers. 



g-antifl of (T-oHi. 

.... To lovo is cvoryihing ; lovo is God. — LAtn 



.... Paradise is always where love dwells. — 
Jtnn Paul /fiVA/cr. 

.... Ix>v« is procisoly to tho moral naiuro 
what tho snn is to the earlb. — linluir. 

.... Heaven insunthino will reiiuito the kind. 
—Htfniit. 

.... Sli):hl small iniurics, and thoy will bo- 
coma none at all. — FuUrr. 

.... Our powers owe much of thoir energy lo 
our hopes. — Jn/tamn. 

.... Love demands Uttlc else than tho power 
to feel and to requite love, — .Ana /*<im/ Itiihur. 

. . . He that calls a ninu unt-ratcful, sums up 
all the evil that a man can be );uilty of. — iSa-'/I. 

I-if« is a sleep, love is a d[«am : and you 

have lived if you have lo 

It i« strange bow soon, when a great man 

dies, bis place is lUled. — /^'na/W/«M'. 

.... Tho motto of chivalry is also tho motto 
of wisdom : lo servo all and lovo hut one. — 

.... I am firmly per*nadml thai the man who 
has not a sort of aflveiion for alt women eanuoi 
lovo one as he ought. — Slnnr. 

.... Pleasure and pain spring not so much 
from lliu nature of tilings, as (rum our munuur 
of considering them. — How. 

.... True love can no more bo diminished hy 
showers of ovil-hnp. than ilowqra aro mnrrud by 
timely nuns.— .Sir /*. ^ulnrtf. 

.... A single falsehood forever dostroyi thnt 
confidence which, with certain minds, is tno very 
foundation of love. — linh'tc. 

.... In matters of love and appetite beware 
of surfeits. Nothing contributes su much lo tho 
duration of either as moderation in their gnitill- 
cation. — Bovft. 

.... That which I have found tho best recrea- 
tion, both to my mind and body, whensoever 
oitlicr of them stand iu need of it, is music. — 
Hi*!io]i lirviTul'je. 

.... It is ever tho invisible ibiil is the object 
ol our profoundest worship. With tho lover it 
is not the scon but the unseen, that ho muses 
upon. — liovtr. 

.... What is the difllcully ? Only a word 
indicating the detrrco of strength rcipiiNite for 
acconiplisbiiig ditlicult objects i a bugbear to 
children and fools; only a mere stimulus to 
men, — SVanm. 

.... Love is a flame which hums in heaven 
and whoso soft rilleciiiins riuliate lo ns. Two 
worlds are opened, two liven given toil. It is 
by love that we double our being ; it is hy love 
that wo approach God. — Aim( Martin. 



" How sharp your toe nails is," as tlio man 
said ven he eotcbcd the hornet. 

" liKl't clinch the bargain," as the bear said 
ven ho patted tho man ou the shoulder. 

" None of your sauce," as tho boy said to the 
crab apple. 

" Anything in my line i" as iho hangman said 

to the judge. 

Which of the three cast into Iho fiery fumnce 
reminds one of tho gridiron I .Sbml-rack-. 

"Where there's a n-ill, thoru's a way" — ol get- 
ting it into chancery ! 

Why is a pig's tail like a carving-knifo 1 Bo- 
cause It is tlourishod over a ham. 

To make a pretty f^'trVn cheeks red, pay her a 
sweet comptinieni. To redden those of an im- 
pudent man, slap them. 

"Now, Sam, if you don't stop licking that 
molas*os, I'll tell the' man." " You tell the man, 
and I'll lick you and the 'lasses, too." 

In tho days when rogues nnd thieves woro 
branded with the lettera R. and T., /WWerf mm 
were more common than they are now. 

A man wo* walking quickly down llio iircot 
the other day, when he was suddenly niruck by 
a thought, and knocked over into the gutter. 

'* If you arc lost in a fog. Brown, what aro 
you most likely to be ?" " Mist, of course," said 
Brown, ond vanished. 

The following motto is over the door of a ro- 
ernitiug lendcsvous in Boston : 

" Lbt, List — O 1 List. — Hhak^jmirf." 
" I feel," said an old lady, " thnt I'vo got 
about through with this world. I shan't enjoy 
much more trouble, nor suU'er much more com- 
fort." 

" lli^h heeled boots, a inomitache, and a strut," 
says ibe major, " are tho plainest signboards in 
tbe world, bung out in capitals, 'Chambers in 
the iitlic to let — inquire at the tailor's." " 

The manner in which they weigh a hog out 
West, it ifl said, is to put the bog in one scale 
and some stones in tho other, and then guess at 
the weight of the stones. 

" Can you road smoke, ma ?" " What do you 
mean, child 1" " Why, I've heard some men 
talk about n volume of smoke, and I thouyhl 
you could rend anything in a volume." 

Some Texas pajwr having compUincd iliol 
ibeir best editorials are extensively copied wiih- 
out the projter credit, the Victoria Advocate re- 
plies that it is often »crved worse than that, for 
some of it& beat editorials are uot copied at all. 



HO- 



BALLOU'S 



nCTORIAL DRAAVING^ROOM^^^NION. 




CANAL OF MAHMOUDIEH, EGYPT. 



CANAJj OF ftlAIlMOUDIEII, EGVIT. 
Tiio nccompunyinR view was Bketrhcd on llio 
Cflniil of Mftlimoudieh, whicit noBiiccts Alexan- 
dria Willi Cairo, Epypt, M. Lcsficp's project of 
piercing tlie Isthmiis of Sutv., thus mnltipl.vinB 
its relnlioiis willi tlic rest of tlio world, gives 
crent importatico to this ciinal. It commenced 
at Foimh, about a mile from the Frank quarter 
ot Alexandria, and connects its waters with those 
on the woBlom branch of the Nile. Fonnoily 
known as Clcopiiira's canal, it had been aban- 
doned tor aces, when Moboniot Ali nndertook its 
rosloration in 1819. MakinR useof tlio resources 
which doKpoiism jdaced at bis command, he or- 
dered iho sheiks of the dilFereDt provinais to 
fnrnieh him with laborers. The Follnha, men, 
women and chiblren, wore forced into I bo ser- 
vice, and 313,000 farmers, torn from their homes, 
worked under iho su|)orintcndcnco of the vice- 
roy's soldiers. Bad treatment, futigue and hard- 



ship docimotcd thoir ranks, hut at the end ol six 
months the canal was dug. It is broad, deep, and 
protected bv high levees or ombankmenta, in 
places where it might be injured by iho periodi- 
cal overflow of the Nile. Huts of earth, like 
beo-hivoa, square houses, ancient tombs, groups 
of palms and dnto trees are iho remarkable ob- 
jocts which the traveller beholds on its banks, 
"in the environs of Atfeh, where the canal abuts 
on the Nile, there are fine planUlions of acacia 
trees, Travellers from Alexandria to Cairo 
make the passage in eight hours, Oar engrav- 
ing gives a good idea of the scenery. It will be 
noticed that one of the passage boats spreads a 
huge lateen sail to aid its machinery. 

THE PORT Ol- SI'EZIA, ITALY. 

The second engraving on this page is a faith- 
ful roprcsontation of the entrance to the Gulf of 
Spezia, the well known rendezvous of American 



naval veBsela in the Mediterranean. On the left 
of the picture is the island of Palmana; next, 
over the central fishing-boat, is a ruined fort ; 
Porto Vencse is on the point of land, Varignana 
more to tlio right, and tlio Napoleon fort on the 
extreme right. The sharp cones of the moun- 
tains impart a bold and romantic aspect to the 
scone. ... 

The port of Spezia has recently been selected 
by the Picdmontese government to bo converted 
into a naval arsenal and rendezvous, a measure 
somewhat to the distaste of certain continental 
powers. This port, situated about forty-five 
miles southeast from Genoa, had formerly at- 
tracted the notice of Napoleon, who proposed to 
build a fort to be called after him, and wished to 
form of the whole gulf a harbor that should be 
equal to the moat important in Europe. The 
gulf is of a long oval figure, running about sev- 
en miles inland, with an entrance two milee 



wide. It 18 exposed only to the south-aouthwest 
wind, and encloses four bays, which may all be 
converted into important docks or inner harbors. 
The depth of water varies from thirty to seventy 
feet, so that ships of all sizes may lie along the 
quays it is proposed to erect. The scenery on 
either side the gulf is very picturesque ; as many 
as eight or ten villages flank the roadstead, at 
the end of which stands the town of Spezia, 
which ia finely situated, well built, and has a 
population of from 8000 to 10,000 inhabitanW. 
About two miles Irora the town is a spring of 
soft water, which gushes forth with such violence, 
and so copiously, that the strongest wind fmU to 
interrupt its course. It is of excellent quality. 
The most prominent objects seen from the gulf 
are the Citadel of Spezia, an old cattle of the Via- 
conti, and the islands of Palmariaand Tino. We 
we may mention that Spezia is the quarantine sta- 
tion for passflngore and ships arriving at Genoa. 





THE PORT OF SP£ZU, ITALi'. 



»* T> I T T r^tT I NTMRKll 22 
M. M. 15A_L1^U U , 1 WINTER STKBKT 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 185*). 



I Vol. XVI., No. S.-Wuclb No. 895. 



VIEW OF HONOLULU, SANDWICH ISLANDS. 
{ Comspondence of BUlou'i Pictorial ) 

HAKDOK of HOKOLDIU, 

8ftturd»y, Oct. 9, I«8. 
M. M. Balloc, Esq., Dear Sib, — I caa 
scarcely realiee that only a few weeks since I was 
seated in your office, in the old Trimountain 
City, little dreaming that I should so soon be in- 
diting you an episilo from the far racifio. But 
you know the circumstances which induced me 
to set forth on my wanderioga, unknowing, like 
poor Philip Slingsby, when I might set foot on 
my native soil. Yet, even an occasional fit of 
homesickness is unpardonable, for, with perfectly ■ 
restored health, gonoral good spirits, and fair 
prospects, I have every reason to be thankful, 
and am so. As you were kind enough to inti- 
mate that an occasional contribution from ray 
pen and pencil might be acceptable to yourself 
and readers, I submit this letter and the accom- 
panying sketch for your judgment, to accept or 
reject, as you see fit. I rather distrust my artistic 
powers, but of one thing I can assure you, that 
my sketch of Honolulu, as seen from the harbor, 
ia accurate, and I presume your artist will find 
no difficulty in transferring it to the wood. 
Prominent in the view ts the trim-built craft that 
brought us safely hither from San Francisco, and 
I have sketched an American whaler, and other 
characteristic shipping, which gives animation to 
the port. You, of course, are awaro that Hono- 
lulu is a great rendezvous for American whalers, 
of which there are sometimes eighty in port. 
Jolly times the skippers, New Bedford and Nan- 
tucket men, have when they meet together; and 
as for the crews, you know well enough what 
"Jack ashore" is. I have been round with some 



of them, and seen, among other thiags, the 
"hula-huia" danced by native women. This is 
one of the prosrribcd national dances, much 
talked of, and the character of it much exagger- 
ated. The native women are very graceful, and 
their movements have, many of them, the tnie 
spirit of poetry. But on the whole, the " hula- 
hula " is rather a monotonous atfair. The mu- 
sic, on the occasion I refer to, was a beating on 
a kind of rude drum, and a clapping of hands, 
aided by a sort of musical chant from some of 
tho assistants. Many of the native women aro 
very attractive; the figures of some I have seen 
arc exquisite. The teachings of the missiona- 
ries have been attended with tho happicKt roNutts, 
and, having a largo influence in the govern- 
ment, most of the grosser offences against mor- 
ality have been checked. But the ingrained 
proclivities of the aboriginal population, fostered 
by intercourse with Gome of the worst of tho for- 
eigners or transient visitors, often defies control. 
Tho father of the present king would frequently 
rebel against the control of his spiriiiitil advisers 
and official counsellors, and break out of bounds, 
and many stories are told of his queer capers 
when under spirit influence. When Cook dis- 
covered this group of islands, each of them had 
a separate king or chief, but they wore long 
since merged into one sovereignty. Honolulu 
is a mean looking place, but n very busy one, 
and increasing constantly in commercial impor- 
tance. The business is almost wholly in the 
hands of tho Americans and English- I send you 
by ttiis mail o file of papers. You will agree 
with me that the Sandwich Islands press would 
make a good figure anywhere. The fact is, we 
have here all the elements of civilization — ^newa- 



papers, bookstores, emporiums of fashion, lec- 
turox, balls, refined society, and, once in awhile, 
the " hone opera." The climate in these inlands 
is delightful. Agriculture flourishes, and (he 
fertile valleys produce coflee, sugar, cotton, to- 
bacco, yams.swcel potatoes, etc. Charles Lamb 
would have relished the pork raised hero, nnd, 
OS for the poultry, belter is never served up at 
Parker's, in your city. The best yams are pro- 
duced on the island of Nihau, or Onoehow. 
Capt. Cook did a good thing when he discover- 
ed these islands in I7T8- By the way, I have 
visited the spot where the gallant discoverer waa 
killed, on the Uih of February, 1779. It was 
on the shore of Hawaii, or Owhyhce. You will 
recall t)ie circumstances. One of the islanders 
had stolen a boat, and, as it was necessary lo 
check the thieving propensities of tho native*, and 
teach them a lesson, Capt. Cook wont on shore 
fur the purpose of sei7.tng the king of the island, 
determined to detain him as a hostage until his 
property was restored. Perhaps the measure 
was an ill-judged one; at any rate, its results 
were fatal. Tho natives exhibited great anger, 
and colleficd round the captain's party in for- 
midable numbers, with insulting and threatening 
gestures. Familiarity wiili their white visitors, 
had overcome tlio awe of them in which they 
stood at their first arrival. One warrior particu- 
larly distinguished himself in his hostile bearing, 
and Capt. Cook seized a musket, loaded with 
shot, and discharged it at him. Had the savage 
been killed, it would have ended the difliculty — 
but his thick war-mat received the shot, and ho 
remained unharmed, a circumstance which en- 
couraged his comrades, and they commenced a 
furious di8chBi;ge of stones. The English re- 



plied by a volley of musketry, and the flght bfr 
came general. Capt. Cook turned his back on 
his foes for a moment, to command a cessatioo 
of tho firing, and this act of humanity cost him 
his life. He was initantly ■tabbed in tho back, 
and as he fell, with his face tn the water, he was 
literally riddled with stabs, and shockingly ma- 
tilatnd. One of my earliest boyish trcasuroa 
was a picture of this scene, engraved by Barto- 
loEci, tho father of Madame Vestris. Little did I 
dream that I should one day stand on tho spot 
where the tragedy was enacted. From the shore 
I climbed lo the rado monument of stones erect- 
ed to mark the event, and gaicd forth upon a 
wide expanse of water, rock, and headland, and 
over these to thu dark blue rim of tho PaclBc 
ocean. At the time of Capt. Cook's discovery, 
if I remvmber rightly, the population of these 
islands was computed at 400.000 — but their num- 
bers have gradually wasted away. They are 
genornlly tall, and of an olivo complexion. Capt. 
Cook found them a gentle and intelligent race, a 
character which they still sustain. Yol, when in 
a slnto of idolatry, they waged bloody warn, nnd 
offered up human sacrifices to their barbarous 
gods. Their traditional rustoms and costumes 
have about wholly disappeared. I have seen 
many a Sandwich Island belle promenading un- 
der a full press of hoops, stately and proud as a 
peacock. Some of tho " old fogies " still tattoo 
their persons, and all have a pretty fashion of 
using shells and flowers on ornamonta. Both 
sexes are amateurs of horse flesh, and great 
riders. But perhaps you hove had enough, for 
the present, of a tmveller'a gossip, and so I 
subscribe myself. Yours truly, 

VOTAOIDB. 




VIEW or HONOLULU, SANDWICH ISLANDS. 



[FrciD Mir ewB Ccmsponlrat ] 



34 



— OR, — 

THE FALSE HEIR. 

AJ-.or, o<-.I.el'n »rhnmI lmli«n W'nr. 
BY MB9. CAn01.I5B OIlKlt. 

|cOSTI.tUED.| 

CHAPTER Vn. 

,STKI.vn;«' IIKTWKEK MK. DANI.OIPOE 
ASD ANVKRS. 

YotivrJ Anvcrs «n.I his friend ClnyW" 
„t ,1,0 D^nbridg. n.anMon over n week. On ihc 
morrow, enrlv in lUe morning, ihey were lo «tnrt 
for CflPiain Mcre«rV, wl.o, in n few dnp, expect- 
cd to join Colonel Armsirong, vUo wn« j.repar- 
inK f..r «n expedition flfinin.I an Indian (own on 
M,c Allc'liany. Yet, nl.hongh tl.cir departnro 
|,„d iK-en postponed to the latwt day-nlm.»t 
hour tlioy eonl.I wi.li «nfciy remain, flnd ^t.l be 
in season for ll.uir .iourney, Anvcr. felt « reluc- 
taneo to goin|i, wt-iet. l.c did not rare 1» nrcount 
for, even to liiriiaell'. ,, , i 

The day wns drawint? to a close, and he Im.t 
wnndcred into n wood-path, delicio.isly eool, 
when compared with the open, nnslmdcd fields, 
exposed to tho ardont sim of an Aiigiist day. 
The path, dim with the umbrage of interlactng 
bonghs of the grand old forest trees, opened on 
,v slope of velvet green, reaehing to the strip of 
shining Rand which margined the river, 

Tho air wnfl still full of a w«rm, rosy light, 
tbough tho snn had so far declined, that his level 
beams pierced the foliage hero and there, and fell 
like golden arrows nrross tho path. He Btarled 
ti little at tho moment he craerRcd from the forest, 
for he eaine near running nguinst Bomo person, 
who hnd been hidden from view by iho interven- 



ing trees. 

"My voting friend," anid tho ploftsnnt and 
cheerful voice of Mr. Bnnbridpe, " I nm glud to 
meet you liere, for the walk homo is somelhing 
of ft long one, and I shall onjoy it with you 
much bettor tlian if ulnno." 

Anvers having nssnrcd him that the meeting 
■was ctiuully aRreeiiblo to him, foil into a mood 
HO abBtraclcd, that it seemed to contradict the as- 
(tertion. Mr. Dnnbiidgo observed it, and did not 
intemipt him. After remaining silent several 
minutes, Anvors awoke from his rcverio. 

" Mn*. Diinbridgo informed me last evening," 
Naid be, " that you are daily expecting your son 
to arrive from Knglnnd." 

" I nm. 1 iboujjht it likely ho might bo hero 
before yon left." 

" He may come to night." 

" Yes, ho may. I wish ho would. I should 
like to see you logctlier," 

Though Anvers longed to know the reason 
for such ft wish, ho forbore to ask. Mr. Dan- 
bridge did not need to bo questioned. 

" I have been indulging in a favorite plan," 
said ho, " for tho last six or eight months." 

Anvers still remaincil silent, lie apjieared to 
have an intuitive perception of what this plan 
was. 

" I have been thinking," Mr. Danbridge went 
on to say, " that if my son prove to be what I 
may reasonably expect from the cnro and ex- 
pense which has been bestowed on his education, 
that it would be very pleasant to have a muttial 
regard spring up between him and my ward, 
Myra Pemberlon. I have reason to boliovo, 
however, that my long cherished scbemo will 
come to nought." 
" Why so, sir ?*' 

" Simply because her love, without her being 
exactly conscious of it, is, as 1 think, already be- 
stowed on another. You may possibly have 
some suspicion of this yourself." 

"I!" 

" Yes, for how can it be othenviso, when you 
are the object of her regard 

" IVrdon me, sir, but yon must be mistukcn, 
Por myself, nevvT for a moment have I had the 
presumption lo suspect that Mjtr I'emberinn, 
who, of all the fair and beautiful specimens of 
girlhood I have ever seen, or imagination bos 
pictured, is the sweetest and loveliest— ever gave 
me a thought, which could be construed into 
anythmg beyond what might bo termed a friendly 
regard." 

" We shall Bee. If your life is spared during 
the dangers of tho contemplated expedition, re- 
turn to us, if possible, and give us every mo- 



„,entyonhaveto.p.«. Percy here ere 

Zt l^Myr^ nillhefrocto.hoo^e between 

r^:'";,:^ bo a doubt ,hnt be win be her 
choire? Not on ac-onnt of the "calib, and 
other advantages conferred by f.ri..ne, for I don t 
believe that she would give them » thought, un- 
I„« j<.incd will. tho.c superior mental and moral 
nunlilios which make the man who is so cndowcrt 
'vith them the noblc.t work of God, And when 
Bll th«e advantages meet in the same ind.vdual 
_ Hut there is no need of my pursnmg the 
subject-I am pcr^iadcd that there is no chance 
for mo." , „ „ 

" Itetum. and. tin IVe mW, shall fee. 
If I'm alive yon mav be etrtflin that I shall 
be here once more, sooner or later. It m»y be 
several months first-possibly, only a few weeks 
—or it may be years." 

" At any rule, bo certain to come the very ear- 
liest opportunity." 

" I will and if vcar- ,-houM ficst i.itervenc, it 
may he to find Myra Pemberion your son's wife. 
Well it may be hotter for hor and for me, as 
glory-so it is eaid-should be the eold.cr s 

bride." - . __ 

" If Myra, aj> you say, should at some futoro 
dav be m'arried to Percy Panbridge. remember 
tb^t it will be of her own f.-eo will. I shall use 
no authority, or even persuasion to bring it about. 
So far from tliis, if he prove unworthy of her, 
and she, as sometimes happens, is blind to his 
imperfections, then I shall feel it to be a duty to 
use my induence to prevent, what to her would 
only he productive of misery and wretchedness. 
Yoii may possibly think it strange why I have 
said this to you. I have been prompted by an 
impulse which I cannot account for myself. It 
must, I think, bo referred to a misgiving, or, if 
you will, a kind of presentiment, founded on tho 
improbability of finding in my son, to the same 
extent I have found in you, a realization of all I 
have wished or Imped for." 

" I feel honored by your good opinion, and 
will do my best not lo forfeit it. As for your son, 
most sincerely do I hope that ho will prove to bo 
all that you can desire ; nor can I think that you 
will bo disappointed." 

Just' as Anvers said this, a turn in tho path 
brought them face to face with Caudate Atberly. 
She was naturally pale, hut the exercise of walk- 
ii;g had imparted a brilliance to her complexion, 
that was in vivid contrast with her coal black 
hair, which fell over h^r neck and shoulders in 
heavy and slightly curling masses. For some 
reason she must have been considerably excited, 
judging by the burning red of her lips, and the 
keen sparkle of her eye, which, if possible, were 
etill more intensely black than her hair. 

" You hud better walk back with us, Can 
dace," said Mr, Danbridge. " Who knows but 
that some red son of the forest may ponnco 
upon you, and carry yon oft' to his wigwam »" 
"I'm not af.aid," replied Candace, coldly. 
" For all that, I don't think it safe for you to 
walk alone in those dim forest paibs at any time 
of the day, much less so near night. There's 
many a red hunter who would be proud to lay 
bis spoils Qt tlie feel of sO pretty a white scjuaw 
as vou are. Y'ou see that Anvers and I don't 
venture beyond sight of the bouse without our 
rifles." 

" If you will accept of so poor an escort, Miss 
Atberiy," said Anvers, "it will give mo pleasure 
to accompany you." 

There was a sudden ligbting up of her coun- 
tenance, indicative of tho secret satisfaction 
which his ofter gave her, though otherwise she 
remained impassive as ever. 

" I thank you, Mr. Anvers," said she, " but I 
cannot think of monopolizing tho time, which 
YOU may wi'ib to devote to another." 

" Nonsense — nonsense," said Mr. Danbridge, 
impatiently. " Kither accept the offer of An- 
vers, or turn back with us ; for though there 
might bo some romance in your being carried off 
by the Indians, it wont halt pay for tho trouble 
it will cost to get you back again. Myra never 
thinks of such a thing as walking or riding 
alone." 

" Indeed, Miss Atherly," said Anvers, again 
inlerposing, " I agree with Mr. Danbridge in 
thinking it quite unsafe for you to walk alone ; 
and as the evening is fine, and you undoublcdiy 
need air and exercise, I must insiistthat you will 
permit mo to go with you." 

She made no further objcetions, and he turned 
and walked by her side. For some little time 
neither of them spoke. Candace was the lirst lo 
i break the silence. 



"Mr, Dnnhridee/' -he said, " is _dec«ived in 

Mvra Pemb.rlon-(:ro^^«l7 

"Whyso f-he imnired, "'""S y « 
,,ers wiih a look of «nfcii:ncd astonishment. 

"You remember what he said relative to her 
never walking or riding fllonel ' 

::indLtbink.ashesnid;yotnolon-crago 
than last night, she stole from the house at^^^^^ 
nicht nnddidn'treium for nearly an hour. 

" Do you know why she left tho house at such 
nn unseasonable time?" " 
"For the purpose of meeting Bomfl person. 
A man or a woman 

It is hardly likely that a woman would re- 
nucst an out door private meeting at such an 
hour. It is only lovers who dure not meet openly, 
that appoint midnight meetings." 

" She has a lover, then, whom Mr. Danbridgo 
does not approvo of?" 

" I wont say positively that fihe has. 
"But that is what you have reason to 
suspect ?" 
" Vos." 

"And you know who it is?" 
" I think I do, though for the present I choose 
not to name the person. Whoever it was, stood 
waiting for her in the deep shadow of those largo 
hickories on the lawn." ^ 
" 'Twas there they met?" 
"It wa-s tnough tho darkness was such that 1 
could onlv distinguish tliat tho person was much 
taller and larger than herself. One thing I am 
rcrtain of. She received a billet from some one 
about sunset. I saw Minda, the mulatto woman, 
who is her favorite attendant and chosen con- 
fidant, hand it to her." 

There was a scornful inflection of voice m 
pronouncing the words, "chosen confidant," 
which made him involuntarily repeat them after 

her. . 

"Yes, chosen confidant," she repeated, with 
emphasis. " Quite significant. I should think, of 
an exalted mind and a refined taste," 
"Minda, the mulatto woman, you say?" 
" Yes, and her boldness and impudence are 
beyond endurance. If I speak to her, I don't 
even expect to receive a civil answer." 

" I know whom you mean uow. Mrs. Dan- 
bridge related to me some interesting facts tho 
other day, which would, I think, naturally ci-eato 
a strong attachment between Miss Pemberton 
and her." 

Candace, without making any reply, remarked 
that it was time for them to return. 

" Yes, the woods are getting to be rather 
dark," said Anvers. 

As they turned, they caught a glimpse of Bomo 
one who quickly glided in among the trees. 

" It is Myni Pemberton's lover— I know it is," 
paid Candace. "There will be another meeting 
to-night under tho hickories." 

" It appeared lo me to be a woman." 
" A very tall one, then. The trees I spoke of 
on tho lawn, can be seen from your chamber 
window, I believe? ' 
" Yes." 

" Well, then, as you seem to have so much 
faith in tho frank, open-hearted Myra Pember- 
ton. I don't think it unreasonable, after what I 
have said, if I require you lo keep an eye on the 
spot they shelter, till after midnight. If you see 
no one, why then think me mean enough to be 
suspicious without a cause." 

" Excuse me. Miss Atherly, I cannot promise 
to he a spy on any lady's proceedings. As to 
Mias Pemberton, it is to her guardian, not to me, 
that she is acccountable for what she does. At 
the same time, if it will be any satisfaction to 
you, I am willing to confess that your suspicion 
is not unnatural, though I believe it to be 
undeserved." 

" Y'ou refuse my request 
'■ I do. I've no right to watch her. Were I 
her accepted lover it might be diflcrent ; but I 
am not, neither do I expect to be." 

Tliis last sentence sent a secret thrill of joy 
through her heart, though her manner lost none 
of its coldness. 

" Then," said she, "I have been misinformed 
— deceived — and I had too much regard for you 
— I mean it was not in ray nature lo look calmly 
on and see you trifled with — made a dupe of, 
even hv Myra Pemberton. rich, handsome and 
fascinating as she is." 

" At any rate," said Anver?, the asperity of 
bis feelings towards her a little sofened — "at 
any rale, my thanks are due you for your kind 
I intenticins towards me." 

I By this litae they had arrived near the western 



verandah of the mtftrtion houf'e. and the sweet 
ftcc which Anvers sifw peeping out from am.d 
the vinw mse«. at once ban.shcd the feelmg 
of distrust which Candace. in spite of himself, 
had succeeded in luvakening. 

At a little distanrc, where Ibe ground was 
smooth and verdant, were .Tuba, tambourine in 
hand, and nine or ten others some older and 
some younger than himself, and all in high 
spirits, engaged in dancing. Jubn. whose mirth- 
fulness and hilarious propensities bad not dimin- 
ished with added years, much to the admiration 
of a group of juveniles, who were spectators of 
the scene, suddenly commenced performing a se- 
ries of antic, which, to say the least, gave won- 
derful scope to bis really remarkable agility. 
Managing so as to catch the eye of Anvers, he 
approached near him. and, unperccived by Can- 
dace or his comrades, slipped something into his 
hand. Impatient to know what had been given 
him. with a caution and dexterity which seemed 
to enjoy secrecy, instead of entering the apart- 
ment where the family and Clayton were assem- 
bled, he repaired to his chamber. He found that 
it was a course and somewhat soiled piece of pa- 
per folded into a small compass, and tied with 
a bit of twine. He found there were a few lines 
written on tho inside, which there was barely 
light enough remaining to enable him to read. 
They were as follows : 



■■ if TOii would listen lo what one has to soy 
to you. who has the will, and who believes she 
has the power to serve you. you will find her 
near the clump of large irces on the «-c^t side of 
the lawn, as soon as she sees that the last light is 
put out." 

" Tho large trees on the west side of ihe lawn," 
said ho, to himself, after reading tho missive a 
second time. " It must bo the hickories, whore, 
according to Candace Atherly, Myra Pemberton 
held trystc last night." 

Musing on the contents of the strange epistle 
from the unknown woman, and at the same time 
conscious of an unwonted buoyancy of spirits, 
as tho thought struck him, that in all probability 
it was the same person whom Myra had mot, lie 
descended to tho drawing-room. Tho eye of 
Candace Athcriy he knew was fixed upon him 
as he took a seat by Myra and entered into con- 
versation with her, in a manner which showed 
neither jealousy nor distrust. 

" Aficr all, he doesn't care for her," thought 
Candace. "If he did. it is not inhuman nature, 
however strong tho will, to appear so perfectly 
unembarrassed after what I have told him." 

Time flew unheeded, and the clock struck 
eleven before any one thought it was so late by 
more than an hour. Anvers and Clayton took 
leave of Mrs. Danbridge and the two younger la- 
dies before separating for tho night, as on ac- 
count of the warmth of tho weather, they 
thought it best to start on their journey by day- 
break, Mr. Danbridge had made arrangements 
to accompany them a few miles. 

Juba, either by accident or design, was loiter- 
ing in the corridor Anvers was obliged to cross 
to reach his room. 

"In about half an hour, Juba," said he, "it 
will be necessary for mo to go out for a short 
time. Will you fasten the door after me, and let 
me in when 1 retnm ?" 

" Y'is. massa, I is al'ays proud to 'bleege a true 
gemman. De back door, datopen on to de edge 
of de lawn, will bo de beat to go out at, 'cause I 
grease de hinges last night, and take all do 
creaky out of 'em." 

" What made you think of doing that?" 
Juba shook his head. 

■■Ef I is one of dem sort." said he. " dat don't 
know when to speak, and when to hold my 
tongue, what 'pendcnce can you put in me? 
Afore lo-morrow noon, eberybody on de planta- 
tion would know dat do handsome young ossifer 
went out arter all do peoples of do house were 
abed and asleep, to hold a private con fab 'Ut ion 
wid de tall woman dat is come to live in de 
bouse away yonder. No no— Jube couldn't bo 
trusted tf he'd no more discretioument dan dat." • 

" What you say is true, and I am glad lo find 
that you know when to speak and when to bo si- 
lent. I wont keep you waiting longer than I 
can help." 

" Ncber mind how long. I'll set close to do 
door, and sleep all do lime wid one eye open, 
like de hunter." 

Anvers, who knew that Candace was watching 
at her wintlow, with the expectation that Myra 
Pemberton would hold a second nocturnal meet- 
ing under the hickories, instead of crossing the 
lawn, availed himself of trees and shrubbery 



BALLOU'S PICTOIIIAL miAWlNG llOOM COMPANION. 



35 



which grew on one side, to screen himECIf from 
her prving eyes. 

He fuiinil ihe writer of iho mrslcriocs comma- 
nicftlion wailing for him. Though ihc stars 
(hone hright nnd clear, their light coald not pcn- 
ctraio the leafy canopy formed by the interlacing 
houghs of the trees, so that it W itu impossible for 
him to do more than to sec that she exceeded Uio 
ordinary height. 

" Is your niimo Anvers ?" said she, " for it is 
too dark for rao to distingui^li your features," 

" Yes, Anvers is my name," ho replied. 

" A single sound of your voice is enough to 
tell me thai you don't deceive me. There is only 
one more voice like it." 

"And that?" 

" Ko matter, since you have failed to mark the 
resemblance. It is an unseasonable hour to re- 
quest a meeting, but I had walilied all day in 
vain to speak to you, whcu no one else wus pres- 
ent, and to-morrow you leave here." 
I do." 

"Jjiist night, later than it is now, one, the 
bare glimpse of whoso sweet face is enough to 
gladden the heart, had the courage to meet me 
here." 

" You mean Myra Pcmbcrton T" 

" Whom else can I mean ? Tiio eyes of the 
other one, bright and brilliant as they are, have 
iomething evil in them. 'Twiis but little I had 
to fi.T.y to her — Myra remherloii. I mean — but 
that little I could not leave unsaid. Mr. Dan- 
bridge has told you that he is expecting his son, 
nnd a man by the name of Urnxon 1" 

" lie has." 

" They should have been hero twenty-four 
hours ago. Something bus detained them. You 
may meet them on the road. If you do, avoid 
them as much ns you can." 

"Why should 1 ?" 

"Bi'flxon may recognise you." 

"How can he 1 We are entire strangers to 
each other." 

"For all timt, he will see something in your 
face which will cause him to suspect who you 

RVC." 

" And if ho should V 

" It will make him your enemy, and n Iroublc- 
eomc one." 

" What you say needs expliination. I don't 
understand it." 

" The time for explanation lias not yet come ; 
but it wont bo long first. You believe your 
father to be dead ?" 

"I know he is. He died nearly three years 
since." 

"'Tis 08 Ithoughl — they never told him," she 
murmured to herself, in a voice so low as not to 
he understood. " Your mother still lives." 

" Yes." 

" When you were a little child you used to 
wear a coral necklace. You may have seen it 
since your remembrance." 

" I have, many limes." 

" Where is icnow?" 

" My mother has it, and if it wore a diamond 
necklace she could not treasure it with greater 
care." 

" She never hinted to you why she set so high 
R value on it V 
" Never." 

"I believe she did right. One the whole 'twas 
better not; but this much lean tell you, that 
one day it may be of more consequence to you, 
than if every coral bead bad by some magic 
power been converted into a diamond of the first 
water, I was afraid that it might have been es- 
timated at its intrinsic value, and that, at a time 
whou poverty pressed hard, it was parted with. I 
must see your mother. Where does she live '!" 

Anvers described the New England village 
where she resided. 

"You have r^aid that you leave here lo-raor- 
row. You are bound on a dangerous expedition.'* 

" That is irae ; but I am young ami strong, 
and have no right to remain idle at such a time 
as this. If 1 full, it will oiily be sharing the fate 
of other?, who moy be bettor and braver than I 
am." 

"No harm will come to yoo," faid .she, with 
energy. " He who has already preserved you 
when exposed lo the mo^t deadly peril, will 
watch over you siill. And I shall live to see the 
day when yonr destiny and Myra Pemberton's 
will be united." 

" Mr. Danhridgc has long wished her to be the 
wife of his son." 

" He will have his wish, .ind so will you." 

" That is a piirudox." 

■' So it appears lo yon, but if you, Mx. Dan- 



bridgo and Myra Pcmbcrton are aliro two years 
from now, it wili seem so no longer. Faivwell, 
nnd remember thai if you and Draxon meet, to 
beware of him. Ue will prove himself lo be 
your enemy." 

" Why should ho V asked Anrera ; but with- 
out answering him she turned awny, and Ihc 
next minute was lost to view in the gloom of the 
Adjacent shrubbery. 



CHAPTER VHl. 

TUE MLETIXU AT THB WAT91DE INK. 

The morning star was shining brightly in the 
cast, when Anvers and Clayton, nccompanied by 
Mr. Danbridgc, according to the arrangement of 
the preceding evening, took the road leading in 
the direction of Cnptain Mercer's. Juba followed 
at n little distance, as well mounted an cither of 
the others, and who, unlci^s c.\prcssly desired not 
to, alw-nys made n point of attending his master 
in his excursions on horseb.-ick. 

The sun was just rising when they arrived at 
& spot where several faintly defined paths 
branched from the main road. 

" Hero I must leave you, my friends," said 
Mr. Diiubridge, as they all, by mutual consent, 
drew up their horses. "The left baud path, will, 
after fifiecn minutes ride, bring you to a rough 
cart-road, which will take you to a little shanty 
or tavern time enough for a lato breakfast," 

A few expressions, such as arc wont lo bo in- 
terchanged by those, at Iho moineut of parting, 
who entertain for one another feeling* of mutual 
friendship and esteem, were spoken by each, nnd 
then Air. Danbridge and his fnithful attendant 
turned buck, leaving the two young soldiers to 
pursue their way. 

Thus did the father, who rescued from the 
waves his infimt son, without knowing him to bo 
such, after a lapse of nineteen years, again meet 
and part with him, as ignorant as (hen of the tie 
of consanguinity existing between them, 

Anvers and Clayton, without incident or acci- 
dent, arrived at the house of entertainment men- 
tioned by Mr. Danbridge. On their arrival they 
found the only apartment, except one devoteil 
to culinary purposes, already occupied by two 
travellers, 

" Young Danbridge and his tutor," said Clay- 
ton, OS he was about to enter, in a voice inaudi- 
ble except lo Anvers. 

" Without doubt," was the reply. 

At the same time Anver^s recalled to mind the 
caution of tbo woman ho bad met the night pre- 
vious. His first impulse was to call Clayton 
aside, and mention to him what she luid said 
respecting Braxon, and consult with tiiin as to 
the expediency of remaining long enough to 
partake of some refreshment, or lo jiursue iheir 
journcv. A minute's reflection showed him that 
it would bo belter to rcninin, for at the instant be 
stepped on the door-sill, he had met tbo lull, 
keen and searching gaze of the elder inmitle of 
the apartment. If, therefore, as he had been 
warned, there was indeed something in bis face 
which would cau-e Draxon to recognize him, and 
at the same time make him bis enemy, who had 
the power and will to work him h.arm, the mis 
chief must already be done, and would in no 
wise he remedied, but rather increased by hi,< 
hurrving away, without being able to assign any 
plausible reason for his abrupt departnre. 

Having come to this decision — a point much 
more rapidly arrived at in bia mind, than can bo 
made known through the medium of words — he 
at once got the better of the slight agitation into 
which he had been thrown. 

Though a cureless bow was the only salutation 
by which either of the four travellers noticed the 
others, this indilFercnce, as may well he sup- 
posed, was simulated, unless Braxon's compan- 
ion was an exception. 

Braxon himself took every opportunity (o cast 
toward* Anvers a quick, decided glance, by 
which he maatcrcd in detail, each peculiar trait 
of his couotCQance ; while Anvers, on his part, 
endeavored to impress on his mind th; strong, 
though to hira, repulsive physiognomy of 
Braxon, so as to be sure that he would recognize 
him, should they meet again. Ue whom he sup- 
posed to be Percy Danbridge, excited in him a 
different and much greater degree of interest. 

As he scanned each feature, with a view as to 
what Myra Pembenon would think of him, it 
must be confessed that he did not tiiink be would 
prove a very dangerous rival- He mu.st, in Iruih, 
have been exceedingly humble, and totally un- 
able to appreciate his own pre-eminent personal 
advantage.;, had he failed to eee that, in all that 



pleases Iho eye. or gratifies (ho imagination, ho 
woii incomparably bis superior. Farther than 
iWii. m he prcscrvwJ a strict silence, ho could not 
judge. 

To Claylon also, on account of hi.* supposed 
rciationihip to Mr. Danbridgc. Ihe younger irav- 
clter was an object of far grvaicr iniorost than 
Braxon. 

Half an hour al^er the arrival of Anvers and 
Clayton, brcaknul was an.nouncwl, and when 
Braxon rose lo seat himac'.f at the table. Ihcy 
saw [hat he was lame. 

" You have met with somo accident," said 
Clay ion. 

" Yvs, I wa^ thrown from myhorio day before 
yesterday, by which my foot was badly injured ; 
but it is now much better, and I shall be tible lo 
resume my journey after breakfast. Shall wo 
have the pleasure of your company, or docs your 
route lie in a direction difTereut from ours !" 

"DilFereni, I .suspect," answered Clayton. 

" I regret to hear you say thus." 

By this time they hud taken their places at the 
table, and the scul of silence having been re- 
moved, Bruxon Hcomcd desirous to continuQ ilio 
couvertation. , 

" Your military dress indicates," said he, 
" that you intend joining the Knglish against the 
French and the Indians." 

" Yes, lhat is our intention," was Clayton's 
answer. 

" You and your friend, I take it, came over 
with the troops recently senl bjr the British 
government." 

" No, I wai born in this country, nnd have 
never been out of it." 

" America is his native place, too, I suppose '." 

" Yc3, 1 believe so." 

Braxon looked towards Anvers, us it he ex- 
pected he would cither conliriu or conlriulict 
what Clayton had said respecting his birthplace, 
but he remained silent. He was not altogether 
unmoved, however, for Ihcro was an unwonlcil 
fire in his dark eyes, as could be seen, though his 
atlejition appeared lo be exclusively dii-eciod lo 
the discussion of the eggs, bacon and bread, 
which constituted their bR-akfust. 

" He is too iniiuisilivo," Ihouglit Anvers. 
" His curiosity gets the belter of his good man- 
ners ; but it will remain ungralitied as lo whether 
1 wii^ born in this country or in Knghuid, unless 
ho sees fit to put the nuestion lo uie point blank." 

Braxon would have done thi«, for ho never 
suflercd delicacy to inlerfero with expediency, 
had not the sudden kindling, alrca<ly adverted 
to, of the young soldier's eyes warned liiin to do- 
sisi, and at the same lime roused him lo bis b:i- 
bilual wariness. He even tormented himself 
by ibo suspicion that Anvers bad soino grave 
reason fur rebuking bis curio?ity by silence. 

"Can it be," be thought, " that Sib Finchley, 
my evil genius, baa sought him out, nnd given 
bitn a watchword concerning me 1 No, her greed 
of gain would not sutler her to do ibat," was ibo 
consolatory answer which pix;scntcd ilself lo hi» 
mind. 

Yet after all lie felt ill nt ease, ami with bitter 
imprecations on himself, dejilorcd what he termed 
his folly at not pulling it out of her power to 
thwart him, the day she so suddenly and unex- 
pectedly made her appearance under ihe oak that 
grew by ilie wayside, so fur from any human 
habitation ibat ibcre would have beeu litlle 
chance of bis being deicclcd, 

" That in still to do — it cannot he left undone," 
whispered the busy fiend in bis car, " and fiis 
turn will come (lext." 

As he seemed to hear the words, bo involun- 
Uirilv looked at Anvers. Their eyes met, and 
bold and eelf-imsessed as he waj«, they drooped 
bencttlh ibe young man's clear, steady guze, ua if 
be imagined they miriorcd the evil thoughw 
passing in his mind. 

But Braxon wiw not one to ho long thrown off 
liis guard. The next instant his equanimity was 
so far restored, a* lo enable liim to appear per- 
fectly calm and collected ; while, at the same 
time, he adroitly turned the conversation upon 
such topics as necessarily elicited information rel- 
ative to the future course marked out by Anvers, 
which he doubted not, by ekillful management, 
might be made lo subserve bis ba.se design. 

WhCD they rose from ibe table, and Anvers 
and Clayton spoke of resuming tbcir juumey, 
Braxon again expressed his regret that they 
sliould be obliged to part company. 

" It will be wiih the hope, however," said he. 
" that we shall soon meet again." 
■■ We may," rejdicd Clayton. 
" There can be little doubt of il, if you and 



your friend, Mc — I don't rwoHcct by what 
name you called him—" 

" Anvcr*." 

" Ye*. — strange that I should forget. As I 
was saying, there can he bul little doubt hut that 
we sbail again inecl, if jou should, as you inti- 
mated, lie al Mr. Danbtidgo's in the course of a 
few weeks." 

" The dangers," replied Clayton, "necessarily 
attendant on a soldier's caiwr, prevent our 
counting on il with any certainly." 

" All are cxjioscd lo dangers," remarked 
Brnxon — " sonu limea tbo mosi so when wo think 
ourselves safest." 

During the foregoing colloquy, a few words 
wciv iuiervlmng«d bolwocu Anvers and biui, 
who, xviihout any fault of his own, had usurped 
his riKbts. 

" It is nothing to inc, and I don't often take 
the trouble to bo inquiiitivo." said the young 
man, " but for a ceriain reason I shouhl really 
like lo know if you were ever in England." 

" And I, fur a certain reason," replied Anvers, 
who recalled the warning of tbo unknown wo- 
man, " decline satisfying your curiosity." 

" Aa you will ; but thai you may see that my 
curiosity Is harmless, I will give you my reason 
for wishing to know." 

"I don't nsk of you more Ibnn I am willing 
lo give." 

" I will tell you wiihoMt your luLing. To cut 
the matter »liort, I nin coriain that I have seen 
you before, and that it muit have been in Kng. 
hind where I saw you." 

" And I am ceriain you nevcrdid sec mo tliore" 
" Oul it could not bo in this country, as (his [s 
my first visit hei-c." 

He ri'maincd silent a minute, as if itriving lo 
reeull something lo mind. 

"Ah, 1 have it," said ho, suddenly. "It is 
my father's portrait you so much rvsemhie. It 
muht have boon painlod when ho was about your 
ago." 

It may bo that Braxon caught enough of what 
was said lo enable bim to make out its drift, for 
hu suddenly luoku oil' bis conversation wilb 
Clayton. 

" Come, Danbridgc," said be, " tut the g«ntlo- 
mcn are in a hurry, wo mustn't detain them any 
lunger." 

Without answering him, or even lookinj; up, 

Danbridge stood fur a few inonienls as if lost in 
thniighl. Then, ubruplly luriiing lo Anvers, he 
gave him his hand. 

" I believe," said bo, " that the day is not far 
distant when we shall lie good friends. You may 
now think that such an event is not dosiruble. 
When you come to know mo belter, you muy 
alter ymir mind." 

Thougli in a voice scarce nbovo his breath, this 
was uttered in a manner so earnest, as lo bo in 
striking contrast with llio apathy previously 
evinced. 

" Did you bear what I snidT" said Braxon, in 
tones wiiich carried rebuke witli tbcm, and ad- 
vancing hastily towards liim and Anvers. 

" Yex, but I supposed a miuule was nothing, 
hero nor there," bo replied, relapsing into his 
usual in^litVcrcnce and indolence of manner. 

" It is indeed liuic that wo were on our way," 
said Clayton. 

" Yea," replied Anvers, for though, after hear- 
ing the remarks rclalivo to his resemblance to 
Mr. Danbridge's porlraii, ho would have gladly 
prolonged the conversation, ho saw that tbo 
young man did not choose that Bnixon should 
be a listener. 

" Danbridge," said Braxon, the moment An- 
vers and Clayton were beyond ear-^bot, " let mo 
caution you iiguinst being over-commuoicative, 
when you lull in wilb strangon." 

" 'Twill only be following my natural bent to 
mind what you say, for 1 don't like the trouble 
of talking lo anybody, though were I to imitate 
your example, rather than attend to your caution, 
I sliould do very diflerenily." 

" Hemcmbor that I know what to say, and 
when to say it." 

" A kind of knowledge, I suppose, which can- 
not be acquired by young brainc" 
" Nor dull ones." 

" Young or dull, it is all one to me, if I'm not 
mode to overwork them." 

" There will be Utile danger of your being re- 
quired to do that. For the present, I shall think 
for you," 

" That w what I like, and always did ; but 
then somelimes I speak before I think." 

" Yes, the same as you did just now lo that 
Anver», about your father's portrait." 



BALLOUS 




PICTORIAL DRAWING-IIOOM_COMPAJ^ 



Ti.» fiftiivM of New Briiain Hie- 



THE MOOIUIK, A NEW SPECIMEN OF OniD. 



" T!io rcsemblftnco was so etriking, nny ono 
could Beo il with liulf iin eye, (is the saying is." 

" Bm ynu uro not to sny iinylliing aliont it to 
Mr. DonDridtjo— I mean your futlier — or to any 
other person." 

" If I looked as much liko Mr. Danbridgo ns 
tbix Lieotonant Anvon does, I should bo botur 
favored Ihuii I am." 

" li is of little fonneniicnce whiilher you look 
like him or not, if yoii only picnso tlio fancy of 
the rirh anil protty licirosH." 

" What if she don't piviisii mine V 

" She must — tliat is ii mottled point." 

"Il is '■' 

" Yes." 

" Well, il is all one to me. I shall have plenty 
to oat, drink and wear, i\iid nothing to do — not 
even to think, if you arc only liy to do it for 
me." 

A few hours Inter they were on iheir way ro 
the plantation of Mr. Danbridgo. Few words 
were intorchatiged between them, each being 
busy with his own thoughts. Those of Braxon 
were not very pleasant. He fully roaliied that it 
was but " a tangled web " he had been weaving 
the Irut nineteen years of his lifu, but this only 
spurred him on to greater desperation. 

" I must take tlio game into niy own hands. I 
mutit be courageouH and daring, though not reck- 
lesR. It hasn't come to that yot. And I must 
keep my own counsel — trust nothing to the per- 
formance of another which I can do myself. It 
would bo well for mo bad I done ibis sooner." 

The thoughts o( his companion were on some- 
thing verv different, as was evident by the soft, 
dreamy light in bis eyes, and llie balf-srailo 
which parted his lips, banishing the cold, almost 
stolid expression of his oountcnance. 

A young girl with lai^'c, lustrous eyes, dork 
a« midnight, lip* bright m the red coral fresh 
from the wave, and a rich crimson breaking 
through ihc olivo of her softly rounded cheeks, 
was so vividly dopictod in bis imagination, that 
it seemed almost as if sho was stnndiug before 
him. 

" Come," said Braxon, at length, " the sun ia 
getting low, and we must quicken our pace if wo 
would avoid being out after dark." 

As lie cpoke, he imt spurs to his horse, while 
his companion, a littio vexed at being roused 
from his pleasant reveries, followed his example. 

(to Blv CONTINDKD.) 
(BMk Dtimbcru of Ballon', Pictorl&l eontaiolog the pre- 
vious ch»pt«ra of thU Btory. t»a be bhd nt all the I'crl. 
oillcal Dfpota, or ot the office of publiirntloD.) 



A Gentleman.— What is it to be a gentle- 
manl It is to be honest, to be gentle, to be gen- 
erous, to be brave, to be wise, and possessing all 
these qualities, to exorcise them in the most 
graceful outword manner. Ought not a gentle- 
man to be a loyal son, a true husband, an honest 
father 1 Ought not his life to be decent, his bills 
to bo paid, his tastes tube high and elegant, his 
aims m life lofty and noble >~Thaci:traj/. 



THE MOORl'K. 

Our natural history illustrations have proved 
so popular, particularly in family circles, where 
ihey aid in developing the spirit of inquiry 
among the young, that wo shall continuo from 
time lo time lo publish pictures of rare animals 
and birds, whenever we can obtain authentic 
dmwings of them. Tor young persons we 
know of no branch of science so instructive and 
elevating in its tendencies as the study of natural 
history in all its branches. This study not only 
stores the mind with varied and useful informa- 
tion, but, if properly pursued, improves I he 
tnsie, clevnics the affections, and brings ilio 
whole nature in 
contact with 
healthful influ- 
ences, which 
prove a safe- 
guard amidst 
the many temp- 
tations incident 
to youth. The 
only specimen 
of the " Moo- 
ruk," of which 
a correct repro- 
e e n t a t i D is 
herewith pub- 
lished, to be 
found in Eu- 
rope, has recent- 
ly been added 
to the collection 
of birds in the 
famous Zoolog- 
ical Gardens, 
liegeni's Park, 
London. About 
nine months 
ago B small 
schooner, com- 
manded by 
Captain Devlin, 
who makes an- 
nual trips to 
New Britain 
from Sydney, 
brought i n t o 
that port a bird 
of too ostrich 
family, which 
creoted a sensa- 
tion there, and 
was uiiimately 
purchased by 
Dr. Bennett, 
well known for 
his soieniitic at- 
tainments, and 
the liberal assis- 
tftiice which he 
has always af- 
forded towards 
the progress of 
natural science 



"rj names frcqucnllv 

ruk " h.id betii ^ . . 

bcco'me ibe po.se^sor of J''' ;. f-J ^;^\ 
knowing llie attention » would 7'^;«J" *"|, 
Ian I determined to pre.'^cnt it to the Zoological 
So lety S wbi. hfe has lon^ ^-"^r^Tjf. 
as a corresponding member, His dcirc to trans 
fer II e bird^o thc^r menogerie, was ably second- 
'd Jy Dr.Plnnly, of Sidney ^ho came home 
L « passenger in the British Merchant, and by 
CaptL Duthieand his officers, by whose united 
earc the " moornk " has now made ap- 
pearance between the oslnche* and the ap^ 
tcrvx and added one more unique object to tne 
treasures of iho society. Hundreds of persons 
now visit Iho park daily to get a sight of this 

rare bird. . 

, • • • ■ • 

THK (;RI:;AT AUSTRALIAN GOAT-SUCKERS. 

The accompanying illustration was drawn 
from two tine living specimens of the Great 
Australion Goal-Suckcrs, among the most curi- 
ous of the strange birds which are natives ol 
Australia. Cuvier's Podargns is an mhnhitunt 
of Van Diemcn's Land, which, says Mr. Gould, 
in his great work on the birds of Australia, " if 
not its exclusive habitat, is certainly its great 
stronghold, it being there very numerous, as ev- 
idenced by the frequency with which 1 encoun- 
tered it during my rambles in the woods ; and its 
distribution over the island is so general that to 
particularize localities in which it may be found 
jB quite unnecessary, it being equally abundant 
near the coast as well as in the interior. I ob- 
served it both among the thick branches of the 
Casuarinro and on the dead limbs of the Euca- 
lypti : it appeared, however, to evince a greater 
p"artiality for the latter, which it closely resem- 
bles in color, and, from the position in which it 
rests, looks so like a part of the branch itself as 
frequently to elude detection : it is generally seen 
in pairs sitting near eacli other, and frequently 
on the same branch. Like the other members of 
the genus, this bird feeds almost exclusively on 
insects, of which Colcoptera form a great part. 
It is strictly nocturnal in its habits; and, al- 
though not so active ns the true Caprimulgi, dis- 
plays considerable alertness in the capture of its 
food, presenting a striking contrast to its inert- 
ness in the daytime, when it is so drowsy that it 
can scarcely be aroused from its slumbers, that 
portion of its existence being passed in a sitting 

fiosture across a dead branch, perfectly motion 
ess, and with the bill pointing upwards ; it 
never flies by day unless roused from the branch 
on which it is sitting, and this is not easily effect- 
ed, as neitlier the discharge of a gun nor any 
other noise will cause it to take wing. It is fre- 
quently captured, and kept in captivity, where it 
excites attention more from the sluggishness of 
it*i nature and the singular position it assumes 
than from any other cause. Raw meat forms a 
suitable substitute for its natural food. In cap- 
tivity it will pass the entire day in sleep on the 
back of a chair, or any other piece of furniture 
on which it can perch. Like the owl, it is con- 
sidered by some a bird of ill omen, principally 
from ihc extraordinary sound of its hoarse, un- 



earthly cry, which resembles the words ' more 
pork ' It not only approaches the immediatB 
vicinity of the houses, but emits the sound while 
perched in ihcir verandahs and on the buildings 
themselves, and it is often lo be scon perched on 
the tombstones of the chur chyard." 

THE ASBA8HI>'.ATIO« OF RJZZIO. 
The conspirators, who numbered tive hun- 
dred, easily engaged Darnlcy in a plot to assas- 
sinate Bizzio, and appointed the evening of Sat- 
urday, ihc ninth of March, 1566, for the perjie- 
iration of the crime. One of their number, Pat- 
rick Lord Buthven, a coward, a bigot, and a 
broken-down invalid, undertook to head the en- 
terprise. Mary, totally unconscioas of the plot 
now so near its consummation, eat down to sup- 
per in a cabinet communicating with her bed- 
room, at seven in the evening. Some half a 
do7*n persons, friends or attendants, were with 
her, and among them was Rizxio. At eight, 
Darnley entered, sat down beside her, and threw 
his arms familiarly around her waist. Finding 
Kizzio there, he remained — the signal to the con- 
spirators that everything was ready for the at- 
tempt. Buthven rushed into the room, equipped 
in complete armor. He had lately risen from a 
sick bed ; his eyes were sunken, his cheeks hol- 
low ; his face was ashy pale, and hia whole ap- 
pearance haggard and frightful. Exhausted by 
the effort, his knees shook, and his armor rattled 
and clanked loosely upon his limbs. He threw 
himself into a chair, and gazed flercelv upon 
Rizzio. The queen indignantly bade him be- 
gone ; but she had scarcely uttered the words, 
before torches gleamed in the passage-way, and 
the room was tilled with armed and resolute ae- 
sassins. Ruthven drew his dagger, and, exclaim- 
ing that his business was with Rizzio, endeav- 
ored to seize him ; the wretched secretary, seeing 
that his time was come, and losing all presence 
of mind, pressed into the recess of a window, 
clasping the folds of Mary's gown, and exclaim- 
ing in his native tongue, " Ghisfizia! Giustizta!" 
Mary, though thus placed between the conspira- 
tor:* "and their victim, retained herself-posseesiou. 
She ordered Ruthven to withdraw, threatening 
him with an accusation of high treason. She 
called npon Darnley to protect her ; but the rec- 
reant husband chose to remain a passive specta- 
tor of the scene. In the confusion, the lights 
were tbro\vn down and extinguished ; with hide- 
ous oaths, the assassins demanded the life of the 
trembling Piedmontese. The first blow struck 
was dealt by the bastard George Douglas; he 
seized Darnley's dagger from his belt, stahhcd 
Rizzio with it over Mary's shoulder, and left it 
sticking in the wound. Rizzio was dragged ro 
the door of the presence-chamber and despatched ; 
fifty-six wounds were found apon his body. The 
alarm-bell was rung, and the civic authorities of 
Edinburgh hastened to HolyTOod palace. They 
called on the queen to show herself at the win- 
dow, and assure them of her safety. But, closely 
confined in her cabinet, and told, " that if she 
spoke to the towns-people they would cut her in 
collops, and cast her over the walls." sho was not 
permitted to comply with their request. Darnley, 
however, assured the crowd that the queen was 
well and required no assistance. Ruthven, re- 
turning imbrued in Rizzio's blood, called for a 
cup of wine, and seating himself in the presence 
of Mary, drained it at one draught while she was 
standing before him. — F. B. Goodrich. 




THE GREAT AUSTRALIAN GOAT-SUOKERS. 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM CX)MPANION. 



37 




M LLE ARTOT, OP THE FRENCH IMPERIAL ACADEMY OF MUSIC. 



[From our Specinl Paria CorrMpondcnt ] 
THE FRENCIf OPERA. 

PaUIS, IIoTEL DBS PBtMCES, 

Docember l&cb, 1863. 
M. M. Ballou, Esq., Dbau Sin, — My unful- 
filled promise of writing yon, from lime to lime, 
commencing with tliu week of my arrivnl in Pur- 
is, has liauuted my conscience in the midst of 
pleasures and occupations without number The 
difficulty of ful61Iing such an agreement under 
Buch circumstances, ia a warning against rash 
vows. However, now that I am somewhat do- 
mesticated, I will endeavor to redeem my char- 
acter. I send you enclosed, for publication in 
the Pictorial, if you see fit, a very accurate like- 
ness, by no means flattered, of M'lle Attot, of 
the Imperial Theatre of the opera, or the Impe- 
rial Academy of Music, as it is otherwise called. 
Isn't she pretty ? — almost as pretty as Piccolo- 
mini, so great a favorite with "perfidious Albion !" 
M'lle Artot has a charminj: voice, of great com- 
pass, and excellent method, acquired under the 
best of masters. Madame Viardot has given her 
valuable lessons by which she has profited. She 
is 80 highly prized by the management, that 
when a prima donna is indisposed — and you 
know how subject to illness these people are — 
M'lle Artot is called on as a substiiuie. and al- 
ways acquits herself brilliantly. I would not 
advise these ladies to give M'lle Ariot too many 
opportunities. You may depend upon it, she 
will yet rise to a European reputation, and then, 
of course, will visit the United Stales, for that 
has come to bo a part of the iruvelling programme 
of every distinguished artiste, Ily ihe way, there 
was a talk here of building a new opera house, 
but, contrary to expectation, the project was ve- 
toed by the em|jeror. It was thought the as- 
sociations connected with the Orsini attempt 
at assassination would induce him readily to 
consent to the removal of the Csiitblishment from 
Ibe Rue L-pelletier. When, on the I3th of 
February, 1^120, the Duke de Berry was assassi- 
nated on leaving the old opera house, Rue Rich- 
elieu, opposite the library, the government 
determined at once to pull it down. The present 
house was only erected to serve temporarily for 
the opera. Scarcely a year passes but the muni- 
cipality of Paris decides on some spot for the 
erection of a permanent building ; but time 
passes on, and you hear no more of it. The 
present opera house is not a very large one — 
there are about 1800 seats, I believe— but it is 
admirably adapted for music. The opera-nightfl 
are Monday. Wednesday, and Friday ; occa- 
sionally an extra representaiioo is given on Sun- 
day. The spectacular portion of the operas 

Presented here, is admirable ; Auber's Muette de 
^ortici, Meyerbeer's Roba-t h Diahk, and the 
Huguenots, HaleVy's Juii:i, maybe mentioned for 
the splendor and perfection oi the style io which 
they were produced. The ballet attract* crowds 
of persons who care nothing for music How 
many celebrities have established their fame on 
these boards. This was the scene of triumph 
for Fanny Elsster, and for a far greater dancer, 
Marie Taglioni, who, on her recent visit to Paris, 



came here to encourage and applaud M'lle Livry, 
on whoso shoulders lier mantle, say some Paris- 
ians, has lallen. The opera cannot boast now of 
so great an artiste as Taglioni in the ballet, or of 
Madame Damoreau, or Nourrit, or Duprez in 
opera, but yet it has excellent singers and dan- 
cers, a splendid orchestra, and the best scene ar- 
tists and machinists in the world. Among the 
singers you have heard, and late favorites 
here, are Poinsot and Labordo, now with 
Ulman — among the dancers, Robert, who 
played un engagement with the Ravels in 
New Yo'k, and, I think, in Boston. It is 
a pity that Cerito, Plunkett, and Rosati 
could never bo induced to cross the Atlan- 
tic. The government allows the opera 
620,000 francs « year. The yearly rcceipLi 
arc about a million (francs), iiere, 16,000 
or 17,000 francs are enough to cover the 
expenses, but not to allow much margin, 
for n great tenor will command 80,000 
francs a year. Among the writers of lib- 
rettos for the opera, the most popular is 
M Scribe ; after him come St. Georges, 
Alphonse Koyer, Gustave Vaez, etc. The 
author's rights, which are shared betweeo 
the musicians and the librcttistf, are regu- 
lated in the following manner: For an 
opera of five acts, for the first forty per- 
formances, 500 francs ($100) a right. Af- 
ter the forly-first perfurmunce, the right is 
only "iOO franc^). For au opera in three 
acta, the right is 340 francs for the tirel for- 
ty performances, and 1 "0 francs for all oth- 
ers. For a ballet in three acts, ii is 170 
franca at first, and 5U francs afterward. 
For a ballet in one act, it is 100 francs at 
tirst. and 30 franca afterward. To this 
right is sometimes added premiums, which 
are 8 matter ot bargain between the author 
and manager. M. Scribe rarely present* 
an opera m five acts without receiving a 
premium of 5000 francs, which is nlmnst 
always payable before the first perform- 
ances ; but then his name is such a "card" 
in theatrical parlance, that be controls his 
market. I trust that these details of how 
we do things at the French opera, may not 
prove uninteresting on your side of the 
water. They struck me as rather curious. 
I suppose you don't care to have me write 
about politics, so I will only say that the 
Montalembert trial is quietly talked about 
in confidential coteries a good deal. Ii ia 
difficult to keep a Frenchman's tongue 
etill, even if an involuntary voyage lo Cay- 
enne is the penalty of volubility. Aud here 
let me say, also, that the emperor cannot 
keep out of France all the English paper* 
that censure his course. They are smug- 
gled into Paris, passed from hand to hand, 
and read with the zest lliat renders forbidden 
fruit so luscious. With many wishes for the 
continued success of your various literary 
enterprises, aud particularly of my favorite 
Pictorial, I remwn, very truly, your friend 
and ABTisr. 



GEX. JULUS CASTRO, 
Pmtdfnt (ad intmm) of the F'-fuhtic of 
IfTiriufil, South Ainm'cii. 
The ponrait on this page is characieriEcd 
by strong individuality, aud is marked by 
traits of intellect, energy, and resolution. 
He ia one of those vigorous men to whom 
a strong revolutionary era gives birth. The 
policy of the Spanish govcmmvnt towards 
the several nations of the Ncvr World 
which have since consliiutod thcmsclvo-« 
into indcpcndoni States, wiv* to keep them 
deprived of all knowledge which might de- 
velop their energies, so as to hold thom the 
more securely under its dominion. To 
carry out this policy of darkness, all com- 
mnnicatiou with foreigners was forbidden 
them, as well as the sourcc-i of instruction 
which might have led them to the nciiuirc- 
ment of tlioir poiiiicnl rit;hts. Wo may 
thence understand what ditnculties they had 
to overcome to ctteotuale their emancipa- 
tion, and what a wondorful natural capaci- 
ty nmst have been possessed by the men 
who, without any other teaching than the 
consciousncis of duty and the iuiputso of 
patriotism, dircoled their forces with such 
skill as to succeed finally in ovcnoming 
whole armies traint^d to Kuropean disci- 
pline, and commanded by geiicntis of no 
small i-epuiaiion. Among the great gener- 
als of South America, Bolivar ia well 
known as the nftist prominent, either on 
the battle Held or in the slalcMman's cabi- 
net ; and from his ^clinol have eome forth 
many other gonei-nls who hove kept up the 
honor of his country, which now bcAra the 
name of the Republic of Venezuela. Gun. 
Julian Castro, its actual President, and 
whose portrait we now give to our readers, 
is one of them. From his very birth ho 
seems to have been predestined for a mili- 
tarj- career ; for in the year I SlO, when it 
took place iu the city of Caracas, (birth- 
place, al«o, of Bolivar,) was flrat set up in 
those countries the war-cry of independ- 
ence. And accordingly ho embraced the 
military profession as soon as he had term- 
inated his first studies. His conduct as a 
military man, and his success in the fulfil- 
ment of his duty, are l>est illustrated by 
the fact that he has passed by every degree 
of the ladder of promotion to arrive at the 
rank of Commander-in-Chief, which has 
boon conferred upon him this year by the 
grateful voice of the population of Vene- 
zuela, as a reward for a most distinguished 
patriotic service. For the last ten years, 
the power of the Slate has become the mo- 
nopoly of a few men, whoso only Borioua 
policy was their own enrichment, and under 
their tyranny the republic found lit external 
credit perfectly abandoned, aud suffered all the 
evils consequent upon a reckless and dishonest 
administration, 'rhis contrasted so glaringly 
with the conduct of its previous government, 
headed by tlie Generals Paez and Soubletlc, who 
were bo well known, even in Europe, for their 



honorable equity, and from the scrupulout regu- 
larity with which the interest of the public debt 
of Venezuela was then paid, that sueti a chanj^e 
from their system was too violent to insure a 
willing acceptance. This ocoasioneii . during the 
whole period which the late arbitn\ry government 
lasted, repeated attempts to put an end to so 
scandalous a state of publir rule. But they all 

Iiroved ineffectual, being in every case overborne 
ly the brutal vioiem'c of the men in power, who 
only acquired therefrom the more audacity, while 
the despair of the population increa.ted with the 
belief in their unconquerable position. It waa 
under such disheartening impressions that a mora 
handful of true patriots, with a firm faith in 
their success, based on the thorough discredit of 
these rulers, undertook the la.'ik of restoring the 
common weal, and chi>»e for their chief. General 
Castro. Braving all baianln ngninst the jireva* 
lent despotism, ihoy pr^n-laimed thd regeueraiioa 
of their country on the 5th of March. 1859, in 
the city of Valencia, where the general resided, 
and wher^i he began the achievement which lias 
made bis name so well known. Placed, as he 
wa.4 already, in so high a military position, and 
tlatlered by a power which lavished its favors on 
those who could contribute to it* niainlcnanco, 
he preferred tlic disinica'sted glorr ot boiiig the 
liberator of his country to any selfish advantage, 
and directed the political movement which, in 
the apace of ten days only, insulted in recover^ 
ing lor the nation it's lost iiberiies, without blood- 
shed or disaster of any kind, which certainly waa 
a most unforeseen occurrence. He lias thus 
earned the heurlfelt gratitude of the honest ma- 
jority of bis tVllow-citizens, who have at laxl the 
saiisfuction of seeing the re-csiahlishment of pub. 
lie order and morality His firm decision under 
such critical circumstances — his spontaneous 
promise to the National AsRcmbly to resign hia 
power as soon as the State is m safety— the 
readiness with which he has cidled together the 
roprosenlatives of the nation to pass the new 
fun<)iunontal law — the lihertv of the pre.<is, and 
the pardon for all political oltences which he has 
proclaimed, and his scrupulous respect for the 
civil authorities — all concur to murk Uenernl 
Castro as the worthy depositary of the tru»t of 
his nation, and is in every way tilted to eonsoli- 
daie the supremacy of the law, Means will not 
be wanting to him to give strength to his admin- 
istration, for the recollection of the autfurings 
iiiHicted by his predecessors will induce all 
honorable citizens to continue the support wlii<-li 
they have hitherto given him. The republic, 
motwover. can now reckon on the concurrent 
services oi its former Pi-esideuts, the veteran 
Generals Paez, (who recently lelt Now York for 
Venezuela), an(l Soubletto, along with thoHC of 
man^ others, who will coniributu to found In 
thia important State a firm and honorable gov- 
ernment, no longer exposed, as hcreio*'ore, to the 
contest* of claimantu for power; t'ur the most 
influential men of the conservBlive party, of 
which Gen. (Jastro is the representative, are gener- 
als anil statesmen who liuvo pti-i^cd through rhc ca- 
reer of political honors, and hini- acquired the 
honest tame which is the ambition of noble hearts. 




OEN. CASTRO, PRESIDENT, AD INTERIM^ OF VENEZUELA. 



38 



IXTO THE WttllT. 



ST WW. r- «■ BAMOW"- 
1 cry fi>r pwo- "oil : 

I fwl llio rlKi«li'i»ln(! >""''■ 

ll.itCJiniU't »oo the lijj'l' 
I km." TlK'U "rt 

>r..i.i .'».Ty '■i.ii.l orr^reh. 

Apxinsl tlx 

To CUlUUT. hoIliT llf-f. 

0. lend 11.0 of Tliy •■Iningln. 
Thiitoutof iiU ihl-'trlfc 

IViiri; H">X "<■'"' 
1 fiiiii nmiltl 1""* T'"'"' 

Willi iifviTfulUiliiBtruKt, 
Bui Tliou, (loJ, ciiiiil*'" 

HOW wvAk !• Hil» poor ilu't 
Tliou krowtnl ull my Mii— 

U'* HtTlij f"«l 1 

To rt af- Ufori" 1 i""- 
To cast Uilf fell tiwoy- 

Ttwl I Tby niiiy wo; 
jn Jwi' ilUtn-" I I'f'r. 

0, Kiillirr, pity Di*.'! 

1 Mil Thy chll J ; llirciiBbnll 

■ill)" r-'-irful, Ji'cpcniiift nlB'»* 
lljcnilo hc'ifi'liy full- 

I wut( Lo ttrci'l 111" ll^'i'- 
Tlif mom « 111 '■■>""■: i' "'"'^" 

'ibo iiilJiilKl't flindnuB IW; 
Wltli new-born liopi" I liow— 

My Uoa, 1 (rusi In tUuu! 



wc met 



[IVrltt^D for Ciillou'i rioloriiil ) 

Advcuturcs on the Ctmst of AtVicu. 

NUMBEa 4. 
JIY WALTBIt CLAItBIffK. 

A vlsir lu thr yillo'ir of/Aimha !fi thv InUrm-.— Th 

merrh<n>l.--Iil(i''>^ uUiulml h oud 
EmjUsh rni/^i.i's.— f'''"f"' 
ni-tfio rare— Oi<l'iH fill- Ahciiiw. 
In tlicKo lalor ilnys, tliu cuiiniry in ilio intunor 
of AfrUa, from Sicmi Leone, liiw bi:cn jirotty 
goiierully cxplorea ; Imt sucli wua not iho cuse, 
even fifteen ycnrs iipo, iiml it wns wiili no irilling 
nnticipntions of pleasure, thivt 1 (iKrccil lo form 
one of n iiarly, lioimil on an cxturslon some dis- 
tnntoinlo ilic inlcrior, from tliis ctilony, in oriler 
to whilo nw;iy itio lime during wliitli tlio Aim 
Wft8 boinn tliorouglily ovcrliniilcd. 

Our luurbe was to tlic soutliword, it being our 
]mrpoBO, if possililo, lo visil a noted slnvuslalion 
which then existed, at a viIlat;o called /.iml.n, 
about for.y miles from Freetown, as lliu ciipilal 
of Sierra Leone is called. 

It wns iiboiit tliroo o'cloeii in ibo morning 
when wo conimenccd our journey, on liorsebai-k. 
The atmosphere was eoul ami pK-asant, and the 
party, six in nnnibur, hcHiilo ilio Kroo tiuide, in 
high spirits. It wns our inlcniiou tu be absentft 
week, ftnd our guide led ahorse laden with mate- 
rittls to erect a tent, under which to rejioso dur- 
ing the heat of the day. and at nightfall, unlil a 
couple of hours before daybreak, at wliieh liino 
we always recommenced our journey. 

The country iiumeilialely eurrouuding Free- 
town, is pretty well denuded of trees ; at least 
no dense forests have been allowed lo remain, it 
being considered, aud not without reason, found- 
ed ou cxperieneo as well ns theory, that ihu lux- 
uriant vegetable growth of troi)ical climates is 
the chief cause of their uuhealihiness. Conse- 
quently, the land in the vieinily of the Bcncoast, 
being generally level, ihe scenery, to travellers 
whoso eyes have beiome accustomed to tho nov- 
elty of iropical vegetation, is uniniercsling and 
commonplace ; but, as we advanced, donse for- 
ests and wide marshes of vast extent began to 
make their appcQram e. Monkeys of numerous 
varieiios ohaltered t'runi amidst the boughs of tho 
trees, and grinned down upon us, their curiosiiy 
having, apparently, got tlio better ot their timid- 
ity ; aud parrot-s, and other birds of gorgeous 
plumage, hovered around us in immense flights, 
filling ibo air with their discordant screams. 
Very ofien we were compelled to dismount, and 
leading our horses, to force our way overraarBby 
ground, in which our Icct sunk up to our ankles, 
and over whieh our steeds had serious dilhcuUy 
in travelling through the dense and tan<;lcd 
undergrowth which covered the narrow paths ; 
but we were delighted at the novolly of thus pen- 
etrating the savage %vilderncas, and Gometimes, 
after ascending a toilsome eminence, wu were 
reworded with a maguiliceut prospect. 
As daylight approached, when wo hud irav- 



died n few milc« beyond Freetown 
„ou„s of the natives of the intcnor y.llngcs 

r,^ionalIv individual, ol more distant .nbc« 
__M..nding"ocs nnd FelUhs-ladcn with ivory, 
which .hey were carrying lo Frec.owu m order 
,0 disi.osc of it for Kuropcan goods. They i c- 
,m-ned our salutations with civiliry. and generally 
with a good-humored smile, and wero always 
oager.o di.poseof their ware..; but they were 
nmtious nnd sbrew.l fellow, a. making a bargain, 
and always demande.l a full pn.r. 

We could n»t h-lp remarking tl.o strong. e«- 
cast of couM.inanco, peculiar to somco ihe.c 
,ivosonhed..st«nt interior. Thor hair was 
,' ,,ain!y woolly, but not .o knotted as ,s the rase 
M ihL of the gcnerali.y of negroes and their 
faec« were oval, their eyc« dcep-sct nnd p.ercmg, 
,|.cir noses iHiuiline, with .heir dclicaie noslnU, 
while their lips were thin and their cbms prom- 
inent, bearing no resemblance to .he generally 
received contour of an Afiicnn counienancc. 
What more sirongly imprcsse.1 this fancy upon 
our min.l«, was the dress of iheso people, which 
consisicd of a sort of skull-cap, und a long eloak 
orenhcrdinc,ofsomeligh. blue material, which 
extended from tho should-rs lo the feel, while 
m,on their breast*, suspended from the neck, 
Iniiig charms and amulcl*, I'caring a fanciful 
resemblance to the decorations described m 
Leviiicue, ns having been commanded lo be 
worn by ihe Jewish priesthood. Tbeso charms, 
we were subse(|nenily informed, were reverenced 
as religions emblems ([uiie as much as ihcy were 
thcrished OS ornamcnls, and many of their relig- 
ious forms and ceremonies partook of n Jewish 
cliaracter, mixed up with heathenish idolatry. I 
know that a theory has been started whieh fixe 
ibowbercabouls of the descendants of the "ten 
lost tribes of Israel," in the iolerior of Africa. 
Ceriainly the cxislcnce ol tribes of Africans hav- 
ing adopted among them emblems hearing a 
rcsemblanco to those of iho Hebrew fai.h. and 
having Jewish features, and even clothing tliein- 
eclvefi aficr a fashion, somewhat, however faintly, 
after the fashion of tlie ancient people of Judca, 
would bear out this theory— if nny of the desccn- 
dnnla of iheso di.«perscd uibcs ih exist— in 
preference lo any other that bos been advanced. 

We pitched our tent on an eminence, wliich wo 
reached before sunset, having rested for three 
bonrs during the heat ( f the day, set our Kroo 
guide— a bandy fellow, and n capital rook, aficr 
bis country fashion— to light a liie and |)repaie 
snpiKT. and far from human habitalion. deep in 
the Afiicaii wildernes-s made a glorious meal. 
After 6up|ier we talked and sang, where song had 
never before broke ibe silence of night, until one 
bv one, sleep seized hold on u.=, and we slumbered 
profoundly until the hour appointed for starting 
in the morning. Care, however, was taken to 

1 set a regular watch— one relieving the other — and 
I to keep the fire burning during the night. Wo 

slept soundly, for we were overpowered with 
faliguo; but I sp(dse of the s//rjice of the night. 
A tropical night is never silent, and Ibe bowling 
of wild animals, nnd tho loud bn/,zing of ibe 
inaoet tribes, would have kept any one awake, 
under ordinary cireuiiislanccs. 

Towanls the close of tho second day's travel, 
we reached tho village, to which it was said 
Klaves wore brought from the interior until op- 
jioriunily occurred to ship ihem on hoard a 
slaver. It was a village consisting of some 
tweiily conieiil mud hnts, about eight feel high, 
nnd Irom ten tft twenty feet in iliameter, with a 
small aperture to serve for ingress aud egress. 
A negro and bis wife, and, on an average, four 
^.i'(.ri<r»i»iiVs, slept in each during the night, and 
lounged during the beat of the day. They wel- 
comed na, but did not appear lo be too well 
pleased with our visit, and, as it was daik, we at 
once erected our tcut, prepared supper, and 
[lasscd the night as we had passed the previous 
one. Tlie toni nnd its occupants were objects 
of intense curiosity to ilie dusky villagers, who 
erowded upon us somewhat loo closely for com- 
lort, consumed greedily iho remnants of our meal, 
and made earnest appeals for a taste of our 
liquors. 

lu the morning wo learnt, with much diilicullT, 
and aficr much enuivoeution on tho part of the 
headman of the village, that there was a slave- 
pen a mile or two distant, where, at this time, 
were confined over two hundred slaves, waiting 
till opportunity arrived to convey them to tho 
coast, and to this spot we proceeded, after 
breakfast. 

Wo found it to consist of a dozen huts of miicU 
larger dimensions, but coustruetcd of the like 



.lion-ed whips, which they appeared to use nu 
At if ; riod these den« of misery were beyond 

^ ::;:iic.io; of uvn, ^^^f-^y-^i;^;^ 

forces in the settlements, or on tbecoast,«. d bo 
c.y fact of.be coast being so narrow y w.Uch d 
iho cruisers led to an iuconee.vable amount 

"'xi-r'^efldman of these proprie.ors, or over- 
seers, we could not rightly tell which .o des.gna.e 
Z, could speak a m.le broken English, eked 
out with Spanish and Portuguese, nnd knowmg 
that we had no legal right .0 interfere with b.m 
or his subo.dina.es, nnd learning that such was 
notourintcntion-thatwo had merely been led 
,o vi.it the slave-pen to gratify our curiosity-he 
after a while, became quite communica.ive, aiid 
did not fail to jeer and inunt us upon the 

subject. , „ f 

It was massa's fault," he said. Qnecn of 
England's fault, that tlio slaves were starved to 
death, or died of disease in the pens. Formerly 
il,ey could be carried lo the coast at once, and 
put on board the slavers in good cond.uon. 
Now they were often kept for months till the 
pens became crowded, and the rice gave out. and 
ibey contracted fevers, or died of starvation. 
They bad to save the rice, and when it nm short, 
none could be aifordcd to the aged and sickly, 
and all because the queen's ships guarded the 
coasl." 

"And do you allow them to perish slowly with 
liungerV' we asked. 

*■ What can do '> No rice come, no rice 
mnkeo. Too old, too sick for sell to slavo- 
masha ! He no habbee. No wont eatec !" was 
the reply. 

" And when the poor wretches die, where do 
you bury them?" 

" No bury. See, much water derc. Ribber 
run em into sea. Carry um dere. Water take 
urn olf. Alligator cat um !" 

We looked in the direction of a sluggish 
stream, at which our informant pointed, which 
flowed nt the foot of a bill about half a mile dis- 
tant, and then nt some dozens of aged and sickly 
men', women nnd children, among tho half fam- 
ished throng, and thought how soon they would 
become food (or alligators; perhaps before life 
bad departed from their feeble frames. Tlie 
keeper.? would not acknowledge to this latter 
atrocity ; but we could gather from their glances 
at each other when tho question was put, that 
such atrocities had been committed; perliaps 
were habitually commilted, and, after all, this 
was no worse than to perish by slow starvation. 

Half famished wretches we might well call 
them. Some had, we were informed, been con- 
fined for months in these mif^erablo pens, scarcely 
ever getting a full meal, without a particle of 
clothing, no distinction of age or c^ex, and crowd- 
ed at night, or in the rainy season, into these 
mud hovels, to such a degree that they could 
scarcely breathe ; the thermometer in tho open 
air standing at 100° ! 

For their breakfast on this occasion, a poor 
handful of " pnddy," or rice with the Imsk on, 
of miserable quality and half mouldy, was served 
out to each. This was cooked, in this slaic, by 
one of the keepers, and greedily swallowed in a 
few moutbfuls, after whieh a tin pannikin of 
half stagnant water was given to each, and the 
meal was finished. 

When food was abundant, double this portion 
was served out ihnce a day ; when scarce, as it 
was now, tho half ration was only given twice. 
A child could liavu eaten five timus as much at 
a single meal, if hungry enough to eat such filthy 
start at all. No wonder that the poor creatures 
before us were reduced to walking skeletons. 
Filthy sores had broken out among many of 
them ; others were aillieted with a disease resem- 
bling lepiopy, caused, said the keepers, by damp 
aud overcrowding. These latter were covered 
from head lo foot with a whitish scurf, and iho 
hair had fallen from their heads unlil ihey were 
coni)ilelely bald. They were confined in a pen 
by themselves, bnt we were told that they sel- 
dom recovered from the disease. Again, others 
were blind, and suSenog under a complication 
of diseases. 

It needed not the words of the- negro keepers 
to satisfy us that out of the hundreds collected in 
the slave pens, scarcely half would ever be con- 
signed to a slave-ship's hold ; the rest would be- 



come food for the alligators which swarmed in 
that dark, turbid river. Of the half remaining, 
if they were not recaptured by tho cruisers, how 
many would survive the horrors of the " middle 
passage" It would not be asserting too much 
io say that not one third would ever reach their 
destination on the Cuban or Brazilian coast. 

Wu were i..formed ihat in tlie palmy days of 
ll.c slave imdc, when it was the practice to carry 
the captured negroes directly to the co.xst, where 
ibey had comfortable accommodations afforded 
them, and abundance of food, and when only a 
few days, sometimes only a few hoiii-s, elapsed 
between their arrival and ihcir embarkation, they 
danced and sung as cheei fully as if they wero^ 
the happiest people in the world, and were alto- 
gether devoid of care. They ncinally seemed to 
be delighted at the idea of going on board ship. 

"Then," said our informant, who had once 
been an extensive slave merchant, but who. bav- 
in-^ made a fortune, had quitted the Irado many 
years ago, ' the middle passage ' was not what it 
now is. Then, it was not necessary to over- 
crowd small vessels— necessarily jmall, that they 
may be enabled to creep up tho narrow rivers on 
tho coast, so as to hide from the cruisers-hut 
large, roomy vessels were employed in .he trade, 
and no more negroes taken on board than there 
was accommodation for. It is you English and 
Americans, with your cursed cruisers, that are 
answerable for thi= horrid cruelty on shore, and 
for this frightful mortality ut sea. Do you sup- 
pose .hut the slavcdcabrs are such fools, as not 
to take all the care they can of the slaves tliey 
bavo purchased, to sell for gain 1 It is you who 
force them to cramp and confine tho negroes, 
and .bus lose half of what would olher%vise bo to 
them a valuable cargo !" 

I noticed that the recently captured negroes 
did not, as a body, display much sensibility, but 
I must make an exception. The feelings of 
maternity are strongly developed. A mother 
who has been lorn f.oni her children, mourns 
their loss inconsoUibly. Often such have been 
known to commit suicide, and rarely do they sur- 
vive the loss, generally dying of grief before they 
are 6hi|>ped from the coast. Sealed apart from 
the swarm of male and female negroes who sur- 
rounded us, wo perceived a young woman 
squatting on the ground, with her head buried iu 
her hands, her elbows resting upon her knees. 

" What is tho matter with that womau 1 is she 
sick V asked one of our party. 

" She sorry, massa; no sick," said the uegro 
driver, to whom llio question was put. " Um 
loss um picaninny. Bern bof gone." 

"Bid they die since she wns brought herol" 
"No, massa. dein die up countree. Um pica- 
ninny sick. Moder sick, no walkee, no carry. 
Frow dem away in de reed-brake. No good for 
bring dem here. S'pose dem dead. Moder too 
p'raps die No good ; no eatce rice, no noting 
drinkee." 

The brute was about to apply his heavy whip 
to the poor creature s back, as he bade her, in 
his native dialect, to get up from the ground ; 
but we prevented the threatened lash. For a 
moment the woman looked up. She wj\a worn 
lo skin and bone, and such an expression of 
helpless, heart-broken grief, I never saw in the 
features of any human being. The days of that 
poor, childless negro mother were evidently 
numbered. Slie too. would find her grave, be- 
fore m«iy days, in that dark, turbid pool. 

We had seen enough. We remained in the 
village that day, and early the following morning 
commenced our return to Fieetown. 

Wo reached Freetown toward the close of the 
sixth day from our departure, and on going on 
board the schooner, learnt that she had received 
orders from tho commander in-chief on tho 
station, to proceed at onco to tho island of 
Uhaboe, on the Hottentot coast, to serve as a. 
sort of guurd-iliip to protect tho guano-trade then 
flourishing at that island. 



A K.^ILLIK ON THE BEM'II. 

The following acute specimen of legal de- 
cision occurred in a Scottish town not a great 
many miles Irom ibo Clyde, where a batch ot niu- 
niiipat auihorilies was elected lately, and one 
ot tho new baillies presided ihc other day, for the 
first lime, on the beneh. One ol the earliest 
la'ies brought before him was that of a servant 
girl who sued her mistress tor her wages, which 
were refused on the ground that she had allovved 
a favorite squirrel .o eseajie from its cage. The 
worthy magistrate, alter hearing the parlies, said, 
"llint nkhough ilie lass may be to blame li»r 
leaving the cage door open, yet the mistress was 
mair to blame than her, fur she sud hae clippit^ 
the beasi's wings, sac that it cudua flee ana' ! 
Jjoiidim Times. 



BALLOU^S PlCTOniAL DRAWING-UOOM COMPANION. 



39 



[Writt*o for Ilatlou'* Pictorial ) 
ONW ARD AND IPWARD. 

DT SYBIL rARS. 

Ouvsrd and u[><nrd. tbe pxtli llci before tliw, 
S-oh to ntlAln what thy fi'Mt uoald «Ia ; 

fnuiv's myittc portati »rv wide to cofold thee, 
Only be tnTo, tbou (bait cntvr nlthlu. 

Ontnrd foreTiT. 0. i*hy art thou stajinj;, 

Wbeu sucb a gotl tberv U t« b« won! 
Liat«G, nor pniise. iboulil the t^inptvr bo Hjiug, 

*' Uold up (hiue hundi, fur all labor U d«u«." 

Onirani and U|iwa,id; io lUv'e enrlj morolng 
Momenta aru |ireclouf, joulh bits uone to «p«rr; 

Set' ho* tbe siinb«nn« iby iky i» adorping.— 
Thcu woullUt ibou fit <lawa in quiet dMpalr? 

No; be tbou itroDgllko the oatk, wbleb hnth bivustrd 
StopRi* that l»i*e bowed tbr Ull I'lue in his itrldu; 

nna 43 a rock bj the occ^n whvb crested, 

Pure tkH tbe llgbt nbicb uo d^rkbv«s mu bide. 

Onward »nd upward, wbatcyer b«tlde thee, 
Dr^vo 03 tbe eaglo which bouts to Uie aua, 

LeavL- thv cool wulem ihiil uiuruiur beside thw, 
Tlieu Hhall thy lubor of life twoui begun. 

Never look downwnrd though cloud* loom above tbie, 
sun IPt iht dpirit b." proud lu it« mitsht; 

Heed not the world, wheu il* pbantouis ulluro thee, 
Maufully buttle fur Uod aud tbe right. 

Then siiull thy glory-d tennis all meet fruition, 
Then will the world in her ct-ld bomuB'" I*""' 

And 'twill he sweet to kuuw life bath a uiiMiou, 
Wbeu the grcuu laurtl wieatU i-este on thy brow. 



1 Written for Bullou s Pictorial.] 

THE MUTINEERS. 

A SEA SKETCH. 

BY UH9. SIAHY a. UUNISOS. 



Ouit scent! in llie wide expanse of waters— a 
eolitary sliijj plouyhiiij; Iter way Iroin yently 
rolling billow lo billow, li is ncuiiny twiliylit. 
The blusli of the parting suit is touching tUe 
tops of the waves fur tlio Uist time; tUu blush 
lingers yet in the mid bky, and eiiuisous the 
swelling sails. To the cast, the ocean in the 
distance changes from blue to a rich sea green— 
from that to a chill gray, and ilience inells into 
tho sky which, on that side of llie horizon, can- 
not be distinguished from the far waves. Two 
men stand on the quarter deck, looking intently 
at the distant clouds, one of them the youthful 
commander, the other a passenger, an old and 
somewhat weather-beaten man who came on 
board just as the vessel was getting under way. 
The western sky presents a series of magnilicenl 
pictures ; tho grand mosses of vapor are rolling 
up in tlieir iloating veils, the choicest splendors 
of the day. The one on which they gaze ia 
matchless in beauty, a feast which may linger in 
the vision j'ears after it has faded. 

As if to give the mariner one glimpse of the 
land upon the wide waste of waier.-i, this scene 
discloses hills, rivers and winding roads, so sub- 
stantial in appearance, so frail in reality ! Anoth- 
er is a bleak and mountainous region- but a 
plain spreads in front, and one white tent gleams 
there with a shadow like a mitiden standing in 
the opening. 

It is well worth an ocean voyage to see 
sights like that, sir," said the younger man, rais- 
ing his straw hat as lie spoke, and allowing the 
breeze to lift the brown curls from his temples. 

"Ah! indeed it is ; 1 have seen many such 
on these same waters," replied the elder man ; 
" but for the tinest sunsets in the world, give me 
America and the coast of Australia. It is won- 
derful,' the variety of shapes the clouds assume 
in the land I have but just left. The brazen lus- 
tre of the sun tinges the whole h-uvens and 
covers tlie whole earth, and sometimes seems 
descending in showen. on the hills and fields be- 
low. You have never been lo Australia, yet !" 

" Never ; my calling has taken me hitherio 
only as far as England. If, however, 1 should 
keep the command of this vessel for the next six 
years, 1 shall sec more of tho world, yet." 

" i'aidon me— how old are you, sir ?" asked 
the elder gentleman, as he seated himself. 
" Twenty four in December next." 
" At your age, young man, I took command 
of niy tir.-it ve.'isel, sir," replied the othtr; " but 
I was Olio of the unfortunate kind. Providence 
saw fit that I should meet with shock after shock 
— disappointment afier disappointment. Till 
within a year I have hardly known what it was 
to have a dollar ia my pocket." 

The 3'ounger man looked in surprise at this. 
"Yes, sir; wrecked the la-st time near the 



dhorp^ of Australia. I was the only pcrfon out of 
tho nineteen tlinl survived starvation, and was 
saved bv a passing vessel. They landed me on 
that banvn country, friendless and pcnnilc**. 
Then I said to luyBcif, ' I will not follow the sea 
again ; ' so I wandered into the wilds, wretched 
beyond description. For many weeks I lived 
upon berries and the game I could contrive to 
snare, and at lajt I fell in with a compiiny of 
herdsmen, all of the worst possible stump of 
cliamctcr. For nearly twelve years 1 worked 
with tho»e men, and near the place where I first 
fixed my lot ivs a wanderer, is a nourishing colo- 
ny with two churches, ihiee schnnl houses, and 
an ordeHy and Christian population of nearly 
seventeen hundred men, women and children." 

You astonish rac, sir," said tho yDunger 
man. 

I have witnessed great scenes in that land, I 
can assure you, sir. Many of my coloni'^ts.now 
respectable men, were convicts I'roin Kngland. 
One of them is as wealthy as 1 shull ever wish 
to be. lie has built him a palace of a house for 
that country, and litis married a lino young wo- 
man, a native. His doughler went back to Eng- 
land with me." 
" His daughter V 

" Av, as beautiful and ftccompHslicd a young 
liuly as I should ever wish lo see. licr fjither 
was sent to Austruliii for an extensive forgery 
— ioinc ten thousand pounds, I think- His 
daughter, though she felt the disgrace keenly, 
resolved to accompany him, leaving her mother 
in good hands. Ten years has she been the 
wonder and pride and (jucen of tho place from 
which I came. Tiiree years ago her mother 
died, leaving two d.^ughtcrs, and it is to be a 
mother to them, that she returns." 

" She would not, of course, marry any of tho 
population in Australia '!" 

"0, yes, sir; fclie is engaged to a splendid 
lellow who hati made hi.'" fortune mining. But 
she will not Petileeitlier in Aujitraliaor England. 
She will marry and go to America." 

"Shall you return lo Australia asked the 
young captain. 

" 1 have a daughter in tho United States," said 
the passenger, with much emotion. " If on my 
return I lind her yet living and in the same good 
hands to which I entrusted her, I shall leave 
with her th.it which will render her independent. 
But ah ! M hat hopes and fears shake me by turns 
when I think of the chances of meeting with my 
child !" 

For some moments the stranger wa^ plunged 
in deep reverie, then he said, abruptly: 

" You, of course, have beard of the gold dis- 
covery in Au'itralia f" 

The young captain, whose name was Lowrte, 
signified that lie had. 

" I was one of the fir'it to find the rich veins 
cropping out here and there in the valleys and 
along the river side. I have with me now some 
splendid specimens of gold, weighing — " 

" Be cautious, if you please, how you speak of 
money," said the youthful captain, in a low 
voice; "we came near having a mutiny on our 
passage out, in consequence of tbe quaniily of 
gold carried by the passengers." 

" Ah ! 1 heard of that affair/' replied the elder 
stranger, with a look of adiniruiioii toward the 
young captain ; " are the mutineers on board >" 
"No; I sent them by a homewardbound 
brig, and, as directed by the owners, took charge 
of the ship. You must know that the capinin 
died when wo were but fourteen days out, 80 I 
assumed the responsibility of the station, having 
once before gone out in the capacity of master. ' 

" So you had a sick captmn on your hands, 
with the rest of your troubles ; how in the world 
did you manage f" 

"Among the erew," returned the young cap- 
tain, " was an old Tortugucse, a long resident, if 
you might call him so, of this pan of the world. 
He has sailed in this ship seven years. You see 
him, sir; that gray-headed man, busy oft." 

The passenger peered through tho gathering 
twilight, and saw an old figure with a conical 
woolen cap on his head, and attired in a blue 
shirt and leathery white trowsers. 

" That man was attached to the ship, sir, at- 
tached to its oQicers ; so much so that the crew, 
11 set of desperate follows, saw that he was not fit 
for a tool, and determined not to lake him into 
their councils. The old man declares that God 
told him of their conspiracy in a dream. I don't 
know but he did. When be became convinced 
of the horrible plot, he devised several methods 
by which to make roeawareof the ship's danger. 
Sometimes— he iJt very canning at cArving— he 



would drop ft chip in my way m» which was cut 
n rude repre.-'entaiion of nn af*.<ias«tnution. This, 
of cwurse, stimulated my curiosity, and, seeing 
that ho wateheti me with expressive glances, I 
began lo feel anxious. He frequently fixed his 
cyc< steadily upon my face, then turned to the 
civw, giving a nioumful shako of iho head. The 
man was wnlched so constantly, that he was in 
fear of bis life, and dnred scarcely ever lo ven- 
ture into the rabio. thinking that perhaps ouc or 
more of the officer* might he implicated in the 
adair. I saw that he was walclied, and acted 
with the utmost circumspection, that I might the 
more readily falhoin their devi^ns. It was an 
awful »iiunlion, sir. There were only two mates 
and myself against a crew of eleven men, all of 
them dunbtlcss ready for any deed of horror. I 
soon took the mates into my conlidence, and we 
saw that what was to bo done must be done 
quickly. The captain's mortal sickness was, 
yieiliaps, under the circumstances, tho best thing 
for us; it made the crew more careless; wo had 
some chance lo see tho working of their plot. 

" One day, sir, the captain was very bad. Evi- 
dently he could not live till night. It was my 
i^ad duly to inform him of the fact of his ap- 
proaching decease, and 1 asked him if he would 
not like to hid his men farewell. Ho signilled 
that ho would, and I laid my plans. I ordered 
the mates to be in readiness, onu to station him- 
self at tho door, the other near me, and Uft tho 
strongest and stoutest for action. We were all 
well ornicd. Then I called tho men together 
and made them a short spcecli. I had assemhlod 
all but two in the after caSin : Antonio was at 
tho helm, and a young hoy. who I know was 
with tho mutineers because inlluuneed hy fear, 
was in the steward's rook-room, cleaning the 
silver. 

"'Men.' said I, 'I have brought you here in 
order to inform )0U that our captain is very low. 
To morrow, perhaps, wo may call upon you to 
bury him at sea. I should like you to bo as 
quiet as possible for the remainder of tho day, 
aud in order to impre.<ts this fact upon you, 1 
want you to go, one by one, and take the hint 
look at your captain. You will he obliged to go 
one by one.' 

" Tho first man went out with me. Ho was a 
heavy-hrowod Englishman, who looked as if it 
would be sport for bini to draw blood. He had 
no suspicion ; indeed, I don't think any of lliein 
hiid, of the plot I was laying for ihem, although 
two or three, 1 imagined, appeared a little un- 
easv. Ho looked in upon tho captain — our poor 
commander was speoelilcss — senseless. As tho 
man came out, I quietly drew a pistol. His 
brow grov dark. 

" * Une word,' I whispered, ' one movement, 
and a ball goes through your head. 'Saunders' 
— to the mult! who was armed to tho teeth — ' you 
and Holmes put this villain below; and if ho 
resist!', shoot him down !' 

" In that way, sir, every mutineer waj secured ; 
a watch was set, the hatches fastened down, and 
my nuiles, myself, the rortugncsc. boy and stew- 
ard, were all that were left to work the ship, 
The capUlin died that day, just after tlio work 
was accomplished. There was no noise— no re- 
sistance; the men, completely stunned hy the 
suddenness of tbe action, did not in the least at- 
tempt to defend themselves. 

" There wore eleven of tliem down there, sir, 
and we soon learned how deep, how demoniac 
had been ihoir designs. Every man of us was 
doomed— three mates, six paBsengerf, who saw 
tbe imprisonment of the ine.i with astonisliinent 
not unmixed with fear,— myself, the captain (if 
he had not died that night), and the old I'oriu- 
gue.ie. We were to be murdered in cold blood, 
and the ship was to bo turned out of her course 
and converted into a pirating craft. My resolve 
was not put in action a moment too soon. I of- 
ten tremble to think how near we were to so ter- 
rible a fate." 

" Give me your hand, sir," said the elder 
pawsenger, with much emotion. '■ Were you my 
son, I should ho proud of you." 



" You no remember do boy fall from do yanl- 
anu — I catch him ! You was Captain Ciray, 
then. I no forget you." 

" Antonio !" excbiimcd the stranger, grasping 
Iho old sailors band, " why, yes, Antonio! 1 
reniomher you. Yes. you saved the hfe of iny 
darling nephew ; I do remember you. my bravo 
fellow ;" and he shook the tawny hand heartily. 

" Did I hear him call you Gray 1" asked the 
young 4.-omnmndor. 

" That's my name, my friend," said the cap- 
tain; *■ though I have gone of lata years by my 
given name, Henry Wakefield." 

"Ahl ho was define capuin!" cxclatinod 
Antonio, his black cyo sparkling. 

" And your child — your daughter — may I ask 
if her name is Edna •" 

" Yes, Edna Gray i a dear girl sbo was. God 
grant I may meet her soon." 

" Sir," said tho young eummmider, " 1 have 
been married but aix mouths. My wife's name 
was Edna liray. Her f.iilicr was a sea-captain, 
who was thought to he lost at sea." 

The stranger looked at his young friend In 
speechless emotion, tirasping his hand, when 
he had recovered himself, he cxchuined ; 

•■ Tell me, tell me how »lie looks — what is the 
color (if b r eyes — what is her stature 1 U 1 if it 
should be 1" 

" Come with nie, h'lr," said the captain, smil- 
ing ; ** come into my itato room, if >ou please. ' 
He opened a drawer, took from thence a minia- 
ture, and gave it to Captain Gray. 

" Is thi* my little Edna ! my baby-girl V ex- 
claimed the old inan, lean falling Irom his eyes. 
" U, sir, 1 know it I I know it by the mother hi 
her face. Then, thank God 1 you are my son." 

" 1 am your son, fatlier," said the }oung man, 
reverently. 

O 1 it was a hloxscd welcome that the captain's 
beautiful wife gave to her husband, »aved from 
deadly peril, and her father, rc«tored as it were 
from the grave. 



A iMOTIIIJt'H M.UiH'. 
The following illuitratioii of the |iowcr of a 
inothei's inlUience, WHS giviiii by WcmUll Phil- 
lips, rcccHily. in a public speech which he made 
in New York : " I was toUl a story to day, 
60 touehing in reference to this, that you must 
let me ti.U il. It i< n temperance ca»e, hut 
it will illustrate this just us well. It is a story of 
a mother on the green hills of Vermont, holding 
hy tho right hand a son, sixteen years old, mud 
with love of tho sea. And as sbo stood by the 
garden gale, one sunny morning, isho naid ; ' Ed- 
ward, they tell me — for I never saw the ocean — 
that the great temptation of a seaman's lifu is 
drink. I'runiiso me heloro you c|uit your molh- 
or's hand, that you will never dunk.' And Kiiid 
he — for be told me the story — 1 gave her tbu 
promise, and wi'nt tho broad globe over— Cal- 
cutta, the Mciliieriaiican, San Fnincisco, tho 
Cai>e of liood llojie, the north jioloand the south 
— I saw ihein all in forty years, and I never »aw 
a glans lilled with sparkling liquor that my moth- 
er s form hy the garden gale, on the green hills 
of Vernioiil, did not rine up lufore me; and to- 
day, at sixty, my lips are innocent of the taste 
of liquor. Was not that sweet evidence of llio 
power of a single word i Yet that was not half. 
For, said he, justerduy there came into my count- 
ing-room u )onng man of forty, and asked ine, 
' Do you know me V No. ' Well,' said he, '1 wait 
brought drunk into your presence on wbipboaid j 
you wore a passenger; the captain kicked mo 
anide ; you look niu to your berth, and kept mo 
there until I bad slept oil' the iiiioxicution ; you 
then asked me if 1 bad a mother; I said 1 never 
know a word from her lips ; you told me of } ours 
ai the garden gate, and ti> day 1 am master ol one 
of the linest packets In New Vork,aiid am eoinu 
lo ask vou to call and see me.' How fur that lit- 
tle candle threw its beams ! That mother's word 
on the green hillside of Vermont ! O, God be 
thanked for the mighty power of a Bingle word." 



They went togoiber into the cabin. 

Antonio, the old rortuguese, followed them, 
cap in hand. 

" Well, Anionic, what is it ?" wked tho 
voung captain. 

" If you please," 8aid Antonio, " I speak with 
he," nodding to tlie str«nger. 

" Certainly ; say on." 

"Vou no remember raeV asked AatOQio, 
going closer to tho elder gentleman, 
" I can't »By I do," wa» the reply. 



a:?- O N E 130 1 .LA U. 
WHAT IT WILL DO. 

IT WILL I'ltOCUKK JfOlt YOU A WUOI.K YBAll 

UiLLOt'S DULLAU nO^IllLV. 

Q~^TIirr<- nrf one bundled paK«i of roadloK matter 
in enrh Kiiiiiber ol " Balluu » Dullur Munlhly." 

[[>*-8litccD putfes bl line and beoutifully printed illus- 
trviion* »r« tliitu In eucli iiuoitx-r of tliv Slufuilne. 

UyTwo page* of llnely nxeruteil, urlglnal bumoroua 
tlluilratiou" ulao enibulllfh vux.h nunilwr. 

[O* 0»«r twelve hundred pngM of nmdinK iu»tt*r per 
aunuDi. fur the unpreceiJentcd price of one JoUttr ! 

Q^>~ If ill just Furh a u'ork K* any fitlhcr, brotber, or 
rriend, would lotiiKjure to tho fiunit) ('Ifcle. 

In all re'pect* it !■ fivh, and what it purports to 
be, the cb(U|i«tt Diucailno Ui the world. 

(C^ It 1.1 oarvlully edltivl by Mr. llallou, who has Sbt- 
enteeif ycun experleme on the lluntou iinu, 

[iBVOIed m ne««, lalca, poeuiH, HKiriM of Itia SOB, 
di*i-orsrie*, uiUcdtaiiy, wit and humor. 

QJ^ Kaeb uuuibrr caaialu* original arllclai from moiu 
than twrnlv rvgular uiairlbutats. 

KT- ThuuKh pubil-Ued but four ycurJ. It has rM«b<d 
the uitruofdlnory tlrtutallon of IIJ OOO eoplei! 

{{^^ Any (wrsoD eudofji'ic en' dollar to tbe proprietor, 
as below, «bull rveive tbe Hagutine tor one year. 

Q;^' tMx coplvii of llillou's Hollar Uonttaly ate sent one 
vMr for /it'' •loil'iit- 

M. 11. BALWU, PuUuher ajiii Propniior, 

No. a triDtsr Street, BostOD, Mass. 



40 



BALLOU'S PIC 



TOKIAL DRAWING-ROOMCOMPANIO^ 



WALKING. 

It is woll unflerstood 
that the Rcneriil h'!ultn 
of cities is due to tlio 
custom of constant wnlk- 
ing, which prevnila 
among the ivsiil'-nis "f 
crowdi-il (owns. This 
compcnBiiios f o r t h a 
wftnt of fresh und n«« 
sir. It ccruiin ihat 
city Ifulics wfilk miicli 
more timn their counlr/ 
friemlB. Tlic Utter, 
when they tm com- 
niiu»l a honte, ll""'' * 
mile's walk ft (ffcn' 
deriiikint;. "' 
the coiiiiirv hi;hitnlu 
ahoHi venmring iibroiiil 
on toot; rind ihey re- 
mnin within lioorK.of in 
qaict iiiiiclioii, while thi! 
City iliHiiuw, who are pre- 
eume.l to ho "(Vlicaio. 
and uii»l>le to ondiirela- 
tigiio, wiilk miles over 
ibo iJiivL'tneiitii, without 
thinking of the exertion, 
VisiiniN '0 the city from 
the country, are worn 
out hv a dtiv's "shop- 
pine." ^'"^ 
Euidcs ui L- iippurently iw 
fresh at ttie closo ft« in 
the bt'(;inning "f I 'lo 
day'* work, Walking la 
the mom natural, U'Cful, 
and thorough exercise 
that can he taken. In- 
fantry, in an army, can 
outmarch the mounted 
men. A proof of tho 
saperiority of tho bipod 
over the f|niidmped, is 
given in iho result of a 
recent wngor. A man . 
undertook to walk tram New York lo C.ucmna- 
li in eighltcii days, nnd ncconiplishcd Iho liwk, 
with iiino hours to spare. Tlic person with 
whom the bet was made nccympanied him, in ft 
carriage, and tho pedestrian, at the end of the 
journcv was iu a better condition than the 
honie or his driver. This accords with all expe- 
rieucfl. Tlie human frame becomes inured to 
wholoKonie and proper exiirtion, and tlic bipid 
gains strength under it, in n greater degree than 
any fiuudrnped. We have no ohjcclion to dumb 
bells, and other paraphernalia of the gymnasi- 
um. But none of these contrivances are half so 
beneficial as the use of our natural means of lo- 
comotion. The people of this republic have 
the largest continent in tho world to travel over, 
and aw, as n nation, the ga-atest travellers. But 
while tho rail, tho river, and tho horse-carnape, 
are all used to the utmost, we walk less than any 
civilized people under the sun. A man, no mat- 
ter how much his leisure, or how great his need 
of economy, would bo tliought very poor, or 
next to insane, who should use his feet for a 
Journey. He would, at the very least, bo sot 




THE NEW APPLETON CHAPEL, CAMBRIDGE, MASS. 



down as eccentric or a humorist. Where time 
h valuable, or strength is lo be huHhnnded for 
active employment, it ie well to take advantage 
of public conveyances. But f American, would 
prescribe to lliemficlves what John Bull calls hi3 
"constitutional walk ," we should eaiii in strength 
of muscle, and banish or diminish the common 
complaint, dyspepsia. Athletic games are well 
in their way, but one cannot always get up a 
cricket or rowing match. The consent of others 
is rcnuircd, whereas, to walk briskly and babitn- 
ally it needs only that wc overcome our ow'n in- 
ertia and rid ourselves of the notion that a 
horse's legs are better than a man's. No motion 
calls more of the muscles into healthy play than 
walking— not gliding like a ghost, with arms mo- 
tionless, but pu-shing along, with a hearty, epnngy 
swing. Nothing more exhilarates the whole man 
than a current of air created by his own brisk 
movements. If this exercise, so conducive to 
health, were more in fashion and in favor, we 
might meet the doc'ors with an independent air ; 
and as to the nostrum mongers, starve them mio 
taking up a more ofleful avocation .—PAiw- tj^iz. 



APPLETON CHAPEL, l AMURIlXJE, MASS. 

The first engraving (made expressly for our 
paper) on this page, is « view of one of the new 
buildings allached to Harvard College. It is to 
be used exclusively for daily prayers, and for ser- 
vices on the Sabbath. The chapel was designed 
by Mr Paul Scbulzo. a German architect estab- 
lished in this city. It is quite a conspunons left_ 
lure m the group of university buildings which 
occupy the level tract, diversified with noble 
trees, romprifiing the territory of the college. 
Erected at different times, some of them qoaint 
and antiquated, others fresh and modern, the en- 
tire group, viewed from a little distance, pro- 
duces a striking picturesque effect Irom its very 
irregularity and variety. This institution is now 
nearly two centuries and a quarter old, and is the 
oldest in the United States, having been founded 
in 1 036. The first president wa.s Henry Dutister, 
who, with his successor, was educated m England. 
Rev. James Walker, D. D., IX. D., is now at 
the head of the institution, nnd the numerous 
prolessorships are filled by men of the very 
highest ability and attainmenta as scholars. 



SKATING 4 FISHING, 

BACK DAT, DOBTOW. 

The second pictore oo 
this page, is a lirely 
sketch of winter sport* 
on the ice that at this in- 
clement season covere 
the broad expanse of 
■water to tho south of our 
city. The central figure 
in the group, is a profes- 
sional "emeit-fisbcr, with 
his establishment of tent, 
camp-stools, hooks, line* 
and bait. Few amateurs 
are willing to endure the 
intense un comfortable- 
ness of such a pursuit of 
fishingnader difficulties. 
Yet, in by gone days, wo 
have " been there," and 
deemed a dozen or so 
fish an ample reward for 
hours of excruciating 
Buffering. But the pro- 
fessional smelt-fish or 
seems perfectly iropervi- 
oos to cold. The most 
aoccessful one we ever 
knew, was a colored maa 
who invariably met with 
good luck. The socrci 
of his euccesa was sup- 
posed to lie in a certain 
" killing bait," the mys- 
tery of which he would 
never disclose, even to 
his nearest friend, and it 
is currently reported on 
the ice that he carried it 
with him to the grave. 
Certain it is that he 
could at any and all 
times get his basket full, 
and thai he made a good 
thing of it- The scene 
before us is enlivened by 
the presence of skaters, flying over the ice on 

and bojs were engaged in skating on the .ce, 
Ta, no content with this, niade large bonfires 
"utl e vicinity of Marion and Fayette bts., endan- 
g ng some of the houses, as their occupanW 
thouglit. They accordingly sallied forth and re- 
monstrated, but were roughly 5««dled by he 
skaters, and compelled to retreat. Information 
being given to the chief of police, the force vraa 
rallifd by telegraph, and about hfty men appear- 
ed upon the scene of action ; but as the oflicers 
had 1,0 artificial means of locomotion, the skatera 
had a decided advantage over them, and for a 
long time baffled them by their rapid ■ 
Finally, however, the police, by extending their 
line, and driving the skaters towards the open 
water, compelled them to retreat, and the victory 
remained on the side of law and order. Such an 
occurrence is unusual, but against its possible re- 
petition, skates might form one pohce eqmpment. 




iKATlNQ AND FISHING ON TH£ BACK BAT, BOSTON. 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



41 




SOUND 8TE.\MKRS IN A BLOW. 
The marine picture on this page, is from the 
pencil of Hill, who has drawn so nmny of our 
sea-pieces, and was botti drawn an*ieii[,'ruved ex- 
pressly for the " Piciotial." It is no {ancy-piece, 
bat a reminiscence of one of ihoso nights which 
Bometimea occur to iry the courage of landsmen 
on tlieir pasi*age to ami from New York during 
the winter Beason. But thougli our artist wiu 
tempest-tossed, he did not, like many of his fel- 
low-pas Pengers, lose tlic command of his focul- 
ties. He luis faitlifully reproduced all the features 
of a wild winter night — ihc heavy clouds driv- 
ine before the wind, the moon wading through 
the rifts, and marking with a woinl light the 
edges of the masfios of vapor, and the crests of 
the tumbling billows, rushing on, like plumed 
warriors, to battle. Vet, through lliis wild com- 
motion of the elements, tlio etaunch steamers 
hold their own, buffeting and bufiered hy the 
weltering wnves, and triumphing over them at 
last. It is due to the companies which control 
the various lines of Sound steamers, lo say the 
boats nover leave either terminus in a dangeroas 
Btorm, but they are sometimes caught in rough 
weather, and then their staunchness carries them 
through. But few calamities have occurred in 
the Sound navigation, considering the number of 
passages made ou tiiis route. Ordinarily the 
voyage to and from New York ix very agreeable. 



aUEXE LN THE CITY OF MEXICO. 



SCENE IN THE CITY OF MEXICO. 

The first engraving ou this page, is made 
from on original sketch from a correspondent 
who signs himself "An American in Mexico," 
80 that we know not to whom we are indebted 
for the favor. We have had it carefully drawn 
and engraved, and it makes a spirited picture. 
The subject is the recent dash made by the Lib- 
oralists to obtain possession of the city of Mexi- 
co, after securing and holding many important 
points in the neighborhood. In Ihe background 
IS seen the famous cathedral, the most costly and 
splendid ecciesiuBtical edifice in the western hem- 
isphere, and which, with its heaveu-aspiring 
crosses, has looked down on many a scene of 
broil and battle. The foreground is crowded 
with combatants, engaged in deiidly fray, and af- 
fords a striking idea of a hand-to-hand battle. 
Our readers will remember that tlie Liberals sur- 
prised, and came near capturing the citadel. The 
government forces were terribly alarmed, and, us 
rats fight well in a corner, made a desperate re- 
sistance, and the revolutionists retired to Tacu- 
baya, and afterwards fell back still farther. The 
government troops marched out of the city, bat 
did not meet the enemy, and it is shrewdly con- 
jectured, did not care to meet them. But they 
met a party of peaceful vilhigers, making a bon- 
fire of some of the gun-carriages which the Lib- 
erals had left behind them. Tho govenimenl 



troops, cither mistaking them for focs, or willing 
to shed blood when they could do it without dan- 
ger, opened a heavy fire ou them from their light 
artillery pieces, slanghtering many and miilihtt- 
ing others. And thus ended this bloody skirmish. 

A KE.\POLlTAN IIUNOICON. 

Knglishmen will not have forgoticn the name 
of Baron Nicotern, who took possession of the 
Cagliari, and landed with a handful of men at 
Sapri, and was a fellow-prif-oner with our coun- 
trymen. Watt and Park, The following Idler 
gives more details of his fate: "Tho king 
spared the life of Nicotera (says the writer) for 
no other purpose than lo make him die hy de- 
grees a terrible death. The oxoeuiioner would 
have taken him from suffering in a moment, but 
be would have rescued him too rapidly from hia 
ferocious talons ; ho wished to feed upon his ago- 
nies, and appointed him as tho victim of a slow 
and feartul death. At first, instead ot imprison- 
ing him in the ICrgastoloof San Stcfano, whither 
the law consigned him. he shut him up in the 
worst dungeon of the Vicarial at Naples ; aftor- 
wardit he threw him into tho Abyss of tho fear- 
ful Columbiija of Trnpani ; and lately— that ts to 
say, at the beginning of October— ho shut him 
u|i in the sepulchral caverns of Favignana. But 
in describing that den, my hand becomes para- 
lyzed, and terror takes complete possension of 



mo ; yol, to the host of my power, I will dcacribo 
it. In past times, the fort was re»urveil as a place 
of confinement for prisoners of stale, hut owl of 
respect for advancing civilixaiiou, il waa cloMod. 
Now again it hiw been opened, and there is buried 
a noble livinj; beinE, capable of every self sacri- 
fice, every self-denial, whoso only fault is that of 
having loved his ronntry, and havinc offered 
himself up for it« redemption. In oiw part of 
tho fort, called the Fossa, just over tho uaio, majr 
h« read this legend : ' ^-'i fmVo i iio, ii «i niorto." 
' One enters it living, and leaves it dead." Four 
hundred steps lead from the lop of tho mountain 
down below the level of the sea — to the infernal 
cavern where lives the unfortunate Nieotera, 
guarded at sight by two seiilinots, without being 
able to sec tho sky, anti sranoly to breathe tho 
scanty air which passes in bv the holes through 
which struggles tn a dun MkIiI. Thai il is damp, 
lannoi bo doubted from its beiut; in the very 
bowels of tho earth, and from the fact that tho 
very clothes of the prisoner hoeomo aJmoul rot- 
ten in a few days. Imagine how ho grieves over 
his existence. Such is a paternal trait of a re- 
ligious and clement ' govenimenl,' which visits 
continually tho suncluary, and which deludes 
this superstitious and iuiiomni people with its 
bigotry, making use of tlio most holy religion ot 
Christ as an instrument of uuhridled tyranny." 
— Time* C'omsixmdent. 




STEAMERS IN A GALE, ON LONG ISLAND SOUND, 



42 



(ffrittfD for niil1ou'« PIctoritJ-] 
TO M V SWKKTIIEART. 

nr trr. t. uf ait. 

rm Bwwry • I'm ttw«ry of (hut OcKIb Ioto of tbinr; 

TUebccn..rP.th.r hou.x from H.e '7' ' f 

Thou «rt younB.™."! "boa n.i ,.,v..J.. but tl.o tempter 

tho^!!"t of Oriy -InCr. you pmfrr to .arly .|'rioK. 
I:|, t.l>l UTow ..^ * trutUfuI l.«.rt .o weur . Juw- 

All tb. dlumt-nJj. U.«t Ho bIJJen I" *ff*ctlo.. « wewt 

1 UiTC otr^d, but I c«l them Hko " I-^r"" before- tUo 
Bwlne.'' 

Thw. I. o^, lUouBb uot »o lovely, bill of flour D.00M 

Minn tliou, 
Wltb Wol.t .-yw of 

A„J r,rc b<,r i-orlion, lb« poor -Ion. cfto 

Tlio pw." tbftt «.-«ltb orouua b.-r lUroWi. wltb oil U» 

inilglo »pt'll- . , 

To iHT my heart ttlvfii, iii»J V''"'!^'' 
rh.n..w«l h."rt, Blvc my pr-.Dl.c b..k. far I <vouM 

now bo fn'u. 



[TmnMatfld from tbn rrenoli for Bnltou'n Pictorial ] 

STOilY OK A PAIJASOL. 

JIY AXXK r. WILntJH. 

Wo mo ill R saloon of liio I-'iHihotirj; St. Uo- 
nori*. TliO most UNqiiinim Uixte, Krciu'h titsle, 
i-oigns Ihcrc. ('no lliint; "uly seems to be waiit- 
iny; mr.tlial viia!cli;iiR-iit. It Iiua licori iorpollon 
tlmt liicalh is iiioru neccssiiry tlimi J-Jod. Now, 
liow Clin (iik; hreullic liero * How many liJinj;- 
iilgs, curpots, Iiow miitli tlraiiuiy on tliu tiiMes, 
over the licc-pliKCH ' liven tlic (iro is cuitiiincti. 
Count tliose lit ihi.i window : Inrg'; mid small, 
(iilk and inufiiii, tiiurc nro nine. Add llio weij,'lit 
of tliuso ritli oniiiiiiciils, Ilio iiKiinibiuiifCS of 
master pi uces of art, and yoii will Bce tlmt one is 
hoi'u lilci-ully siiaud. Ask llicsc poor i>ftlo llow- 
crs in tlR- sunipmuiH jititliiiinis, how mucli lict- 
tur would a liiciitli of lur mid suiishino jilcaso 
tlioia lliiin nil lIiu i-amcos and gildings with wliich 
llioir CftRO is orntiinuntcd .' 

In company mIiIi rlicso iinpiisonctl flowers, 
how many youny ^irls stifle thus plcasiiiitly in 
tlio charmiuK conlineiiiem of their boudoirs. 
These flowers, ot lc«st, arc frociuently i-«iicwcd; 
Ijut human life, if ii hove not 'tis allowance of 
oxygen, by degrees becomes extinct. 

Two ladies, moilier and duugliier, oio seuted 
in this Baloou ; tlic one holds a hook which she 
is uol rcHJiuy, the other looks nl embroidery 
which she is not onibroidcriiig. The eyes of the 
young mother, radiant with Icnderncsa, are fixed 
on the fair giil. This miilernal look seems to 
6ay : " How cUurming slic is !" And this look 
tolls the truth. 

The j ouny; girl is seventeen ; h}r hirgo black 
oyos are brilliHut and soft ; her hair, black us the 
raven's win(;, forms a superb crown on lier small 
head ; her teeth seem n necklace of pearls which 
has mistaken its place; her finiirc, to elugiinco 
of form, adds the attraction ol' euio. EmcHuo 
is the yrand daughter of a Creole beauty, and 
everything about her betokens u futile ami ca- 
pricious nature. 

A servant u|ppears at iho door of the saloon. 
Ho bears a delicious rosewood ho\, incruslcd 
with shell and motlicr-ol-pearl. This box con- 
tnins the wedding presents ofl'etcd to Kinclino 
by her betrothed, Arinand Vuriics, who, scarce- 
ly thirty years, is already distinguished as an 
engineer. 

The richest slutfs, shawls, jewels, and even u 
puree full o( gold, nothing is wunting to iho 
treasure. Kevcrlheless, Emolino soonis to be 
looking for something moix'. 

Armand appears ; he comes, niready an egotist, 
to enjoy the pleasisre he has given. Hut his pret- 
ty /whccV has resumed her embixiideiy, antl her 
needle seems very active. Armand thinks he 
reads, on this hrow of seventeen, a regret, lie 
hoped for joy, — groat joy ; he is uneasy, inter- 
rogates, iDsisls. 

" Have I omitted anything ? If the colors, 
the materials are not to your taste, they shall he 
changed." 

" No, sir ; all is well, but — " 

" Well 

" Well, I hoped to have found here a parasol." 
Armand breathes, ho rises and takes bis hut. 



■■ It is only a slight omisHon,'' 8ai<l he, " which 
shall be rcpnired immediately." 

.. Sir, I would inform yon that 1 dcsiro a par- 
asol o( Alcncon lace." 

" Alencon it t;lmll be, then," said Armand, re- 
..eating the word that he might not forget it- 

" Sir, I would also inform you that I do not 
liko imitations, ami tlmt I would prefer one of 
carved ivory, green." 

Arinaml, already at the door, slops ; and, <lis- 
trustii." his memory, draws out a niomorandura 
hook, ami writes: ■'Alcncon laco ; no muta- 
tion ; c.irvcd ivory— green." 

Then he disappear.. He enters the store of a 
relebraled manufacturer ot cnncs and umbrelluH ; 
ho takes out his memorandum book, rc-peats 
the directions, and adds: 

" I wish, in 6ne, a very pretty panisol. 

" That is easy, sir," said the manufacturer ; 
"you shall have it." 

When !'• said Armand ; " I am very urgent. 

" It will take at least a week to monutoctnrc 
an article of so much value." 

"Of so much value!" repeated Armand, who, 
wilh his hand already on the door-knob, be- 
thought himself at lust to ask the price of this 
parasol. 

" Three thousanji lVaiic«, sir." 

" Three ihousa jlfrrancsH" exclaims tlie en- 
gineer ; " it is a price lor an empress." 

" No, sir ; the parasol of the empress cost six 
thousand francs." 

Become thonghlful, Armand paused, re-enter- 
ed the warehouse, and said to the manufacturer : 

"I desire you to wail; I will consult the per- 
son who wishes the piuasol, and will return." 

He traverses the lionlovard, slowly twirling his 
moustfichc, and, in a lit of absence, runs against 
a friend who happens to be in his way. 

" What a figure for a lover 1 What is the 
matter, Armand f" 

It is n fiiond of his childhood, a college friend. 
Aruinnd relates to him theljistoryof llie parasol. 

"Do not many that young girl," says bis 
friend ; " you will not bo happy ! This parasol 
is woi-ih us much as the interest of her dowry. 
How will you sati^fy her with your ten thousand 
pounds, if yon are obliged to give three thousand 
francs to shield her from un August snn 1 lle- 
ircat, while it is yet time, and thank the sunshine." 

The udvico was followed ; Armand requested 
u release from his engagement. Emelinc return- 
ed the eorbeille ; and such is the blindness with 
which tlic love of luxury strikes young hearts, 
site experienced only the vexation of a child. 

Perhaps she afterwards regretted Armand 
Vflrnes. Accursed luxury ! how many woes 
may a panisoi shade 1 How many stitches grow 
from one of Aleiicon lace ! 

Armand went to Germany. At the expiration 
of three months ho became consoled, and mar- 
ried- He returned, bringing with him two beau- 
tiful blue eyes, which seemed made to look at 
the sky without the thousand crown lace. These 
eyes express a serenity of soul which still adonis 
Anna, the portionless German, whom Armaud 
has made his happy wife. 

lie has given her tlie magnificent corbeillo of 
the Creole ; it surpasses all the simple child ol 
the Rhine lias ever dreamed. 

One day, on tlie arm of her husband, she 
found herself in the piesoneo of Emeline, on the 
Boulevmd. 

" What a pretty girl !" said Anna, raising her 
parasol of live hundred francs to look at her. 

IJo not lliink this 11 fiction. It is a true story, 
to which I have not added a word ; a story of 
vcsterday, which will bo one of to-morrow, not 
for my young readers, if they liavo understood 
its moral. 



I3ALL0U\S PICTORIAL. 



i^i^i^^^^^'^''''' and proprietor. 

ITitASCIS A. DV^^^'^^^^jJ^^'J^^^l^ 

■ ^:;;;j;:2;;^I^u- in ^^m 

On« copy, oue jo»r | ' 4 (K) 

One eopy. two ymr* y 00 

Ifite copii*. 000 jcnr : " ' ',' " '_' to'ihV Rtlt^r-aP 



ROliSSKVt ON FAMK. 
" You see," said ho, with the bitter misanthro- 
py which his later misfcriuncs had produced in 
him, "Jean-Jacques cannot even bide himself; 
be is an object ot curiosity to some, or malignity 
to others, and to all he is a public thuig, at which 
they point the hngcr. It would signify less if 
be bail only to submit to the iinpertiuouce of ihc 
idle ; but, as soon tus a man h..s had the misfor- 
tune to make himself a name, he becomes public 
jiroperty. Kvery one rakes into his life, relates 
his most trivial aclionR, and insults his feelings ; 
he becomes those walls which every j>iis6er-by 
may deface with some abusive writing. I'erhaps 
you will say that 1 have encouraged this curiosi- 
ty by publishing my Memoirs. But the world 
forced me to it. They looked into my liouse 
through the blinds, and they >landtred me ; I 
have opeued the doors and windows, fo that they 
should at least know me such as I am. Adieu, 
sir; whenever you wish to know tlic worth of 
fame, remember that vou have seen llousseau.'' 
— Westminster lieviiw. 



TO CORKKSPONmCSTS. 

waT8huulJ%uc«-..d mo but !L kiDg?- And «l.on Cc-c 1 
m C what fbe .o.-»int by tbc expression " uo ra^- 

iZ th"t » king «hould fuc.-««ai »nd who Bhouia 
Ihut be but our cousin ot Si-(iIl!inU . 
Mnru , U^novor, Mu..,-H»lkuk-s reputatiou was 
lirst muU^by "Th^ l^rp^.k^n.," a fcries of humorous 

hU fiieud Drake, ftud publUbed in the Now York 
EToiilnB^l ost. prot lfiiined cnipt-TOr of Mesico 

J' r«/ Muj 18. lf^22. but andinb' it ''"VO^J^^l 
to 8.,.la n blm.^.ir in power, ,.bdie« eJ m (lie f""""' S 
.Mi^rch ;iod «eut 10 Holy- lu 1S24 be re urned, but 
tlic popular fe.-liua«M not in hia fuvor, the g«^«rn- 
inent procliiicned bim tin outl.iw, .md Ue was deftaUid, 
wiLturi-d «nd «hot uboiit n month after his liinOing. 
MahjaS.-U U foojectiired tbut is so DHDi(d bc- 

eiiufc a liitbl f^tbric, coinposed of tUrenU, or silk, or of 
mreud ttud silk cnmblni'd, wus origimilly brought Irom 

Oiiw, a Cowu iu Syria. . „ , j 

II uiLi.cn. "-The locslilies of granite in togbiod are 
Cumberland, Coruvrall. and Uevon. In Scotland, the 
hijjhlaoUs HDd Iho lalo of Arruu ; and la Xrelaud, the 
Moiunc MounLaitLi. 



llt.ll.VMTY IN KRIT.UN. 

There is as yet no such state of degraded hu- 
manity in this country as in Great Britain. The 
superabundance of public laud, the prevalence 
of common schools, the general exercise of po- 
litical rights, all contribute to save our country 
from that debased class of population which is 
the shame and disgrace of enlightened and pow- 
erful England. How long this advantage may 
be preserved to the United Stales, it is impossi- 
ble to say. There are indications in our large 
cities, that an ignorant and brutalized humanity 
is springing up among us, with a rank growth; 
and if the most stringent preventive measures 
be not resorted to, we shall iu process of lime 
have little to boast of, over Great Britain, in this 
respect. Too many of the young in our great 
cities are sullercd by the public to grow up in 
idleness, ignorance, and crime. We say snjered 
by the jmblk, and we use the phr.aso advisedly; 
for wo hold it to be the clear duty of the body- 
politic to protect itself against the threatened 
danger, by taking absolute control and charge of 
the youth whose early education is neglected or 
perverted by their natural guardians, and placing 
them under reforming and improving influences. 
This fundamental measure of self-preservation 
must be taken as a security for the future ; and 
for present relief and protection, the haunts of 
vice and crime must bo broken up, their secret 
coverts thrown open and exposed, and the 
swarming votaries of sin scattered and dispersed. 
Constant vigilance and uuremitling, resolute ac- 
tion, on the part of the municipal authorities of 
our cities and lai'go towus, is the absolute neces- 
sity of the case. The garden of humanity must 
be weeded daily, and with a faithful hand. It 
will not do to let the tares grow up with the 
wheat, iu municipal cultuic ; otherwise there 
will be no harvest except of weeds and brambles. 

England is moving in this matter, and is al- 
ready taking active measures for eradicating the 
evil from its social system. National associa- 
tions for the promotion of social science have 
been formed in the principal cities, the object of 
which is to discover and expose the debased con- 
dition of humanity, and to point out the causes 
and the cure. These associations do not lUisume 
to Usurp the functions of municipal government; 
but to act in co operation therewith ; and where 
the conditions and circumstances are beyond the 
reach of civil power, to exert those inHuences of 
moral suasion which, after all, must be the main- 
stay of every eti'ort for social improvement, as 
well as the Htrongcst support of the tegnl author- 



ity The subject of compulsory education has 
been considered and discussed by the Liverpool 
association, in its application to the misguided 
and neglected . hilJren of the vicious and de- 
praved." But school education alone will not do 
the work. There must bo a complete withdrawal 
of these neglected shoots of humanity from the 
demoralizing influence of the parent stem, and a 
submission of them to those kindly and elevai- 
ing npiiliaiices of moral and spiritual culture, 
personal neatness, correct habits, industry, prop- 
er dcpoi-tmenl, and mental training, wltich make 
up the grand total of that most important duty 
which society owes to the young, culled educa- 
tion. That the enlightened mind and benevolent 
heart of Great Britain lias entered upon this im- 
portant work, is a subject of sincere gratulation 
to the friends of humanity ; and our own coun- 
try would do well to lake a timely lesson from 
what is being done tlierc. 

FUNEILVL INCIiiENTS. 

The editor of the New Orleans Advocate has 
this incident about the ravages of tlie yellow fe- 
ver in that city, related to bim by one of the 
Methodist pastors : " The preacher was called a 
few days since to attend the funeral of a young 
man. Before his sickness he was a stout, buoy- 
ant, manly youth. He was from the State of 
Maine, and had been here but a short lime. Ho 
was attacked by yellow fever, and soon died, 
with no mother or relatives to watch by his bed- 
side, or to soothe him with that sympathy which 
none but those of our own 'dear kindred blood' 
can feel or manifest. Uc died among strangers 
and was buried by them. When the funcru! ser- 
vice was over, and the strange friends who had 
ministered to him were about to finally f-lose the 
coflin, an old lady, who stood by, stopped them 
and said, ' Let me kiss him for liis mother!' We 
have yet to find the first man or woman to whoso 
eye this simple recital lius not brought tears." 

At the funeral of a little babe, in New Sharon, 
a few days since, says the Gospel Banner, a cir- 
cumstance occurred, remarkably cheering and 
suggestive. The little one, uU beautifully robed 
for the grave, was laid iu its coflin 011 the morn- 
ug of its burial. The weeping friends placed 
.11 its little hand a small bouquet of (lowers, 
among which was an unopened rosebud of the 
" Rose of Sharon." The lid was then placed 
upon the coflin, and the funeral services perform- 
ed. When alter the lapse of not more than two 
or three liours, the coffin was opened again, and 
the friends gathered round to look upon it for 
the last time, that bud bad become a full blown 
rose, while grasped in the cold hand of death. 
It seemed as though a voice came up from those 
beautifully sealed Hps, saying, " Weep not for 
me ; though broken from the parent stem, I am 
blooming in the Paradise of God. Millions of 
infant souls compose the family above." 

A}i ART EXHIBITION. 

A writer in the Transcript suggests a very 
plausible plan for getting up an art exhibition of 
great interest and value in this city. Ue says 
that " very few persons, comparatively speaking, 
are aware of the vast number of antique paint- 
ings, medals, engravings, busts, and other pieces 
of sculpture, and articles of vcrlu and curiosity, 
that are to bo found scattered here and there 
among ditlerent private families, and most care- 
fully preserved by them, in Boston, Cambridge, 
Roxbury, Charlesiown, liorchester, Chelsea, Sa- 
lem, Worcester, New Bedford, and all the other 
principal towns and cities in Massachusetts, and 
he other States of New England. Some of 
these may be ranked among the most beautiful 
and rarest jiroduclions of industry and genius ; 
some of them are, in fact, masterpieces ; some 
are remarkable lor their high cost, intrinsic 
worth, or the associations connected with them ; 
and most if not all are deemed precious, if not 
invaluable on numerous accounts by the parties 
to whom they belong. Were one-quarter of 
them gathered together, and properly arranged 
and displayed in a suitable place for examina- 
tion, they would constitute one of the most nov- 
el, magnificent, and attractive exhibitions of the 
kind ever seen in the United States." There- 
upon he suggests "that suitable measures be 
taken at the present lime, by some of our most 
public-spirited, enterprising, and energetic fellow- 
citizens, for the erection of on extensive iron 
builditig in this city, upon a central site, and ev- 
ery way suitable, where snch on exhibition 
might be made. The expense would not bo 
anything like what an unreflecting person might 
at Hrst suppose, while the immediate gains aod 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION, 



48 



coUutcral bcQcfns might be xcry Urge. Tho 
tliirtl andfourtU stories of such a siraciurc would 
probably answer for the piir|)ose. Tho other 
portions of the editiro iui;;ht bv rvtitcd for other 
uses ; and as in ft Rrc-proof building such a col- 
lection would be perfectly safe, there arc many 
families who, it is presutnct] , would readily lend 
their pictures and statues for a tcnn of time ; so 
that it would not be necessary lo purchase ihcm 
for the exhibition. The receipts, after defraying 
all eosls, might be appropnatcd to some chariia- 
l)lc or patriotic object," 



HARVARD (^OLLKXiE. 
Much has been saiil as to Ilic indebledne,«!< of 
Harvard CoUefje to the State of Massachusetts, 
for its establishment and maintenance, and the 
propriety of continuing the control of the State 
in the direction of the institution. Uut tlio prcs 
cnt wealth ot the college is due in a very small 
degree to the bounty of the Suite, when compared 
with the donations of individuals ; and by far 
tho grciiter part of tlic present extensive cMiib- 
lishraent, which constitutes it a University, bus 
sprung up entirely independent of public aid. 
Harvard was founded in IG3G, and chartered by 
the colony of Miis5uchusetts Bay, in 1638. Dur- 
ing the two centuries and over, which have 
elapsed since that time, the public benefaciions 
to the College have umounleii to only S21fi,000 ; 
while the private donations from individuals, 
during the same time, have been nearly two mil- 
lion dollars. The annual expense to the college, 
incident to iis connection with the State, isiiniie 
large, and serves materially to diminish the value 
of the public licntfaction, withoutany correspond- 
ing benefit to the cause of education. The 
Divinity School, tlie Medical School, the Law 
School, and the Scientific School connected with 
the College, have grown up entirely independent 
of gifts from the Slate, and arc tho creations of 
private munificence. So far as State aid lias 
been extended, it has far less than a moiety o( 
the present establishment to show for it; and 
there is, therefore, no reason founded in justice, 
for continuing tho government control over the 
College. Nor does any practical good result 
therefrom, equal or at all comparable to tho an- 
nual expense thus entailed by the visit of the 
government, and the examination of the Board 
of Overseers. It were better for all parties that 
tlio connection were dissolved, and Harvard Icli 
free to manage for herself, without the interfer 
encc of Governor, Council or Senate. It is un- 
necessary lo speak of the literary qualifications 
of the gentlemen usually chosen to fill these 
offices, in reference to their fitness to supervise 
the management of the highest American inslilu 
tion of learning; for everyone knows full well 
that candidates lor public oflico are seldom 
selected with any regard lo their literary attain 
ments or abilities. 



A DKSERTRB. 
We fiud quite a romantic story in the Kcho dn 
Nord, published at I-ille, France. A fi-'w days 
ago a mnii whose motions were rendered almost 
impos*ibIe by the cords which bound him, was 
brought to the barracks of St. Maurice, where 
the 39lh regiment of the line is ci«iirieretl. Two 
gendarme* held his ttniis, and behind him rome 
B picket of soldier* under arms and commanded 
by a sergeant. 

This man, Goffe, was a soldier of the class of 
1851, and had been incorporated in the 39th, and 
was in ihe Crimea with his rej:iment in 1855. 
Be was changed to tho grenadiers and, in a quar- 
rel with n comrade, stabbed him several times 
with a knife. The wounded man recovered and 
was killed a few days ftftcrwunU in battle. 
Goffe, to avoid the consequences of his offence, 
went over to the enemy and gave them inform- 
ation which enabled them 10 spring mine* under 
the feet of his old companions in arm*. From 
this time nothing was heard of the traitor and 
deserter. 

Recently a lluasian steam-packet anchored at 

Marseilles, on hoard of which was n Frenchman 
in the capacity of fireman, who a^ked eight days' 
leave of the captain lo go and see hi.'* family. 
Not making his appearance on the ninth day, tho 
captain gave informatiou and a description of ihe 
deserter to the French authorities, and ho wax 
arrested on his rclurn to Marseilles, two days 
afterwards. The fireman was no other than 
Gcjffi:, the grenadier who had deserted from tho 
.19(h regiment of the line. After having idenli 
ficd him, and heard his confession, the authorities 
delivered him to the gendarmerie, by whom he 
was forwarded to Lille, the quarters of the regi- 
ment he had left. By this time he has expiated 
by death a crime, the greatest recognized by the 
military code. 



RI SSHS MAIL SKRVH'E. 
The extent of mail sorvioo in tho empire of 
Ku^sia rival.') even that of our own country. 
Thcro is a regular semi-weekly mail from St. 
reter*hurgh, ibecapitiU, to Kyachia, in the east- 
erly part of Asiatic Uu<>in, on the bonier* of the 
Chinese empire. This mail route is four ihou- 
eniul miles long, and is Iravcrsvil by railroad 
front St. rctcrshinvh to Moscow, a dislunee of 
four hundred niilcs. and the rest of tho way by 
carriages drawn by hor«e«. There are two hun- 
dred and twenty stations on the ro»d, for clump- 
ing horses, and the trip is perfurmcd in about 
thirty days. The annual cost of this mail route, 
lo the government, is about $300,000. Kyachtn. 
the caateriy terminus, is the great emporium of 
trade between tiuKsia and China. It i« inhabited 
by Ilussiau officials and merchants. A great 
annual fair is held there in l)cceml>er, lo which 
the Chinese resort, and there i.i a very cxiensivo 
trade between them and the Russians ; iho laller 
bartcri-ig cloths, furs, cattle, and other national 
products, for teas, silks, porcelain, etc. During 
tho year 184.1, this truffle amounted to over 
$10,000,000; but jt was greatly augmented at 
about thill period, iu i-^nscqueuco of the war 
which had prevailed between Great Britain and 
China, for several years previous. The Uussiau 
government appears lb Ave preserved n very 
good understanding wiih the Celestials ; for it i* 
allowed lo run a n-gular mail from Kyuthta to 
I'ekin. This disiaueo, estimated to be ahoul 
a thousand miles, is travei-sed by a horae post. 



BovAL Testimonial.— Captain William L. 
Hudson, U. S. N., whose name is familiar to the 
public, from his connection with the laying ol 
the Atlantic Cable, as commander of ihe Niag- 
ara, has received a highly complimentary letter 
from Lord Napier, on behalf ot Queen Victoria, 
transmitting to him a gold box and a medal, ihe 
latter bearing the effigy of tho queen. By the 
laws of the United States and tho regulations of 
the service. Captain Hudson cannot accept these 
kindly icstimonials until authorized to do £0 by 
ap act oi Congress, which will of course be im- 
mediately passed. 



Horses fok the Bbitisii Tukf — Uobert 
Harland, a colored man, m excellent judge of 
horses, and a first rate trainer, has purchased 
two of the best going horses in Kentucky, at 
high prices, and will lake them to England in 
the spring, to contend for the honors of ihe turf. 
The names of the horses are " Des Chiles " and 
" Cincinnati." 



StcATERS.— The usual number of accidents 
come heralded to us in our exchanges, this freez- 
ing weather. Jamaica Pond, in ibis neighbor- 
hood, has been the scene of several very narrow 
escapes from drowning. Be careful, boys ! 



Lectdbes.— Boston has had, thus far this 
• winter, a most brilliant Icclui-e season. We 
doubt if any ciiy in this country can equal us in 
this respect. 

Original.— A thieves' ball lately came off in 
^•ew York city, the proceeds being devoted to 
one of the fraternity who was in trouble ! 



WRITING AM> I Kilin.XG. 

In Paris now a days, it seems that a wntmg 
man must be a fighting man, and an editor must 
know how to manage a steel sword as well as a 
pen. He must not only be able to indite a bul- 
letin, but to lodge a bullet in an adversary. M. 
de Pene, of that sweet liitlo journal, Iho "Fig- 
aro," has just recovered from a couple of tword- 
thrusts received in a desperate duel, and now 
Mr. de Villcmes-ant, director of tho same pai)cr, 
and Mr. Lucas, one of the editors, have had to 
go out " at the tall of Mr. Gustavo NiKpiet and 
Mr. riuiikett, managers of the Palais Royal 
Theaire, these gentlemen feeling aggrieved at 
nnicles in the "Figaro." 

But this affair was not a very terrible one. 
Tho two duels were fought with swords and on 
the same ground. At the first tlirust, Mr. Luca.s 
tore his adversary's shirt-sleeve, and Dicu fell 
himself, his foot slipping on the wet grass. Thy 
combat was soon resumed, and Mr. Lucas re- 
ceived his adversary's sword in his arm, while 
the other got a touch from the cold steel in the 
left breast. The other duel also resulted in two 
wounds. Mr. do Villemessant was struck in tho 
breast near the right shoulder, Mr. Naquet was 
slightly pinked just above iho left eyebrow. 
Neither of these wotinds was as " deep as a well 
or as wide as a. church door," and the parties re- 
turned to Paris. Wonder if they use "Kussia 
Salve " or " Mustang Liniment »" Wonder if 
lids system will ever be adopted in Boston ? 
Shall we ever have to record a rencontre between 
Col. Greene and Col. Schouler? What a sen- 
sation such an affair would create! Can't we 
have at least a brace of fighting editors to make 
things lively in Boston? We "pause for a 

reply." » ■ 

Tub Emperor's Ci.EMEXCt.— Talking of 
Louis Napoleon's pardoning Count de Montalem- 
bert. Jones remarked to Brown that Montalem- 
bert was a great gun. " Yes," said Brown, " and 
you sec that Louis Nai)olcon has let him off." 

HisTonr of Cimia.— A work on Cuba is 
now in course of publication in Paris, the Mvenih 
volume of which has just been issued. We sup- 
pose that the author has not time to make it 
shorter. 

(Ci- Without iwuJerlng lo any of th- ^f"*;^"*;; 

Either rfde Of U./All.Dtk. -d b t'""*ldm„To? 
h^ndrtd and Ih.itou ihoiU'nul rcgul« lasuc- Crr-nui 

AtliotaU. 



A ROMANTIC Llt'E. 

John Sullivan, father of General John Sulli- 
van, of New Hampshire, soldier and patriot, and 
James Sullivan, judge, legislator, historian, pa- 
triot, and Governor of Ma*suchu*elts, was a 
native of Ireland, and to revenge himself on lii^* 
mother, who thought a certain young woman not 
a suitable match for tho noble Sullivan, ran 
away from his mother and uUo from his true 
love', aud soon found hini»olf in llie Berwick for- 
ests in the Province of Maine. It is said that 
John never got over this, but consoled himself 
in a manner by befriending and educating and 
marrying a little, friendless Iri*h maid, ft waif iu 
tho ship which brought them both hither. Mrs. 
Sullivan never more heard of her eon John, and 
oblivion shuts down upon tho after historyof tho 
cariy love. 

He made good way in life. He knew Lalin, be- 
came the moat famous (A/minip in all that region, 
wrote deeds, settled disputes, and was a perfect 
factoliim. At last he is pictured to us u« an 
"ancient man, with a tall, slender frame, and 
fine old features, rending the Bible in his lonely 
dwelling," and so he died in May, ITOO, in his 
hundred and fifth year, an extraordinary age for 
n man who had endured so much hardship. 



(■(U l.nNT Al'FORD IT. 
The race of misers is not extinct. A speci- 
men exist* «t this moment in Now York, a 
"poor rich man," with a bibulous income — no 
end of money, in short. Hi* only daughter, a 
beautiful and accomplished woman, was married 
a few months Hgv) to a gentleman almost as rich 
OS himself. Since her niarriuKe. howercr, tho 
daughter has luunclievl out into nil sort of extmv- 
*y;nnw8. diamonds, eushmorost, carriaces, horeea, 
etc.. to indemnify hcr^ielf for the Lenten fare and 
Rusteritios of the paternal mansion. Her brown- 
slono house, on I'lflh Avenue, is the scene of ft 
suecoMion of dinneni, IwiIU, soireifts, concerts, 
private theairiwils, 9tc. But, ns she is a really 
exomi'lary woman, •ho always invites her father, 
old Hunx.lo her prodigal entortflinmenlfl. This 
token of tiliid retpcci is tho more praiseworlliy, 
since it- is dangerous, for the old gentleman'^ 
stylo of dress is not exactly suited to a fathion- 
able party. 

I.rfisl Thursday, Madame gave a grand dinner- 
party. Her father always has n gooil appetite, 
and for a very good reason. He arrived an 
hour before the lahlo was set— bnl with such a 
shocking bad coat— greasy, thread-baro, palchoil ! 
in a word, an imposiiihlu coat I 

" lUally, my dear sir," said tho daughter, 
" you can't think of silting down to table in such 
a dros-s ns that. For heaven'* sake, put on u 
better coal— tliero's plenty of time." 

" You're o wise child, I don't think," replied 
Ilunx. " Shows how much you know about 
money malteia. How do you suppose I can af- 
ford to buy new coat* when 1 have to pay sixty 
thousand dollors a year in taxes 1" 

And hu sat down to dinner in tho old coat. 
Of course he was llatlered and cnres»ed, for who 
cares for a man's coal when his pocket is kimwn 
to be well lined. It is only your rich men who 
can afford lo dresa shabbily— a thread bare unit 
ruins a poor mon. 



Ckktral Park, NiiW Yoim.— The work on 
this mammoth enterprise is now pushed forward 
as rapidly as possible. Three thousand laborers 
are «in|»loycd. The drivc^ which wind very 
plooaantly around iho park, are in an advanced 
state of grading, ami tho greater part of the force 
is now employed in miuadu mixing, A part ol 
the soil is taken off from where it is rich and 
deep, and piled up to bo used in covering tlio 
barren ledges which abound over tho broken i.ur- 
fuco of the grounds. The land h pulveriwid aud 
fertilized, and several largo nurseries are alreody 
growing trees, to be hereafter tronsplantcd. Tho 
parade ground and crit;ket ground arc got up on 
a grand scale, and there is a »kaiing pond, eon- 
tainint; sixteen acres. Tho progrois of the work 
is certainly encouraging. 



A Mother of Presidekts. — Four Presi- 
dents of the United Stales were educated at 
William and Mary College, in Virginia,- Jeffer- 
son, Madison, Munroe, and Taylor. 



"The Country Gkntlrmas." — The new 
volume of this excellent agricultural publication, 
issued in Albany. N. Y., by Luther Tucker &. 
Son, editors and proprietora, assi.led in tho edi- 
torial dcporlmenl by J. J. Thomas, and other 
distinguishol writers, opens hrillianlly, with evi- 
dences of increased energy and liberality on the 
part of the publishers. It was always a favorite 
journal with us, as a perfect gem of lypot;raphy. 
filled with valuable original matter, and thor- 
oughly reliable in every respect. The editors 
arc fully up to the timcn, yet cautious in all tho 
opinions and fltateraenls they put forth, and un- 
compromisingly hostile to rpiackery and puflery. 
They deserve well of the agricultural public, 
and wo arc glad to know that they receive a lib- 
eral patronage. 

CoAi. MiSES IS Greici:.— The French geol- 
ogists, who wander over tho whole eanh, picking 
up fossils and specimens, on which to found new 
theories and fre»h hypotheses, wherewith to us- 
tonish the world, have discoveicd coal in Greece, 
and a company is now working them. They 
are situated about a mile from Comua, and ate 
expected to be rery profitable^ ^ 

GoiKG TO CovLXTRT — CbaHcs Dickens was 
lately presented with a gold watch by his friends 
in Covenlry, Engloud. So that being " sent to 
Coventry " is no longer a di sgrace. 

Hr«»ERiN<i.— The lumber business near St. 
Croix Uiver has revived much this season. There 
have been sent into the woods, with every pros- 
pect of success, 500 teams and 3000 men . 

Impebial Flatterers.- Napoleon cpurtie 8 
bedaub him with fulsome compliment. We sop- 
pose they use " plaster of Paris." 



TiiK PiinLic Domain.— The quantily of pub- 
lie lands sold by the Liiiled States government 
during tho three quarters ending September 30, 
was 4,804,'JIO acres, for which was received 
S-J,5rj-l,l92. The military laud warrants locultd 
amounted to 6.9&3,n0 acres. Over ten millions 
of acres of land have been sold under tho gradu- 
ation act of 185*. at Iho prico of la 1-2 cents per 
aero. Over 1D.OOO,000 acres of land have been 
surveyed and uro ready for market in Kansas 
aud Ncbruska. 



OiiR Illustrated Joubnai..— The flattering 
opinions, both of the press and individual ex- 
pression, touching our late improvements in Hal- 
/(Ill's I'i'-tarial, are very ngrecable to ns. Our 
edition has increased rapidly, and we are deter- 
mined to give our patrons o brilliant paper 
through the year just commenced. We can still 
supply tho numbers complete from tho coni- 
ineiicement of the year. 

A Tartar.— A woman in Kentucky, who 
has recently been divorced, called upon her 
former husband, and flogged him wit'i a cow- 
hide, after throwing cayenne pepper in his face. 



Mlsclb.- Somebody says : " Cabbage con- 
tains more mnscle-su»lainiug nutriment than any 
other vegetable whatever " Yet wo never knew 
that tailors were particularly muscular. 



JuftT BO. — Laziness trnvcla bo fclowly that 
poverty loon overtakes her. 

Rather utEf -Somc of the lakes of Swit- 
zerland are one ihousand I'eet deep. 



TBDE.-Short T«ckoningB make long friendebips. 



44 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 




STATUES OP GOETHE AND SCHILLER, AT WEIMAR, GERMANY. 



MARKIjr SCENE, VALPARAISO, CillLl. 

Tlio ftccompftnyinj; picliiro wiis sketched from 
]Ue, and ruithvully rciircstiats Eoino of tbe pocu- 
lifir dresKou of the Cliiliaii, mule and femulo. 
The distinguishing fenliiro of their iippui-ol is 
the poncho, or short clonk. It is common to men 
and women of all clossca. The two men in our 
picture both wear the poncho. The word in 
Spanish siguilioa "idle." The poncho ia squnre, 
three ells long and two ells wide, with a hole in 
the centre large enough to put the head through. 
It IB all of a piece, and has neither bIocvcm nor 
button boleH. Designed to come over the shoul- 
ders and the upper part of the hody, it serves as 
a clonk during the day, and a coverlet at night. 
The Araucanian poncho are considered the lust. 
Tlie women make thiam, the wool of tlio guaniico 
furnishing the material. The nmnufacturo of a 
stylish poncho occupies a woman two years, iind 
it will bring a hundred dollars. One of the 
Chilians in our engraving holds a hisso iu his 
right hand. On his head ho wears, like his com- 
rade, a kerchief, negligently tied, and both have 
hats in which the form of the Spanish sombrero 
is blended with that of an Araucanian sugar loaf. 
The other purls of thoir costume exhibit the 
same mixture ; short breeches, or rather drawers 
(caUoneras), of white Ktulf, gaiters, or leggings 
of sergH, hide sandalfi (ajatfs), and a spur with 
an enormous rowol on ihe right heel. The man 
with the long stick in his right hand, is un- 
doubtedly a Peon. Descended from the old 
Spanish shonherds, the peons have charge of 
numberlusB tlocks in the desert plains of Chili. 
Tucuman and Paraguay. They sleep on an ox 
hide, feed only on half raw beef, and drink out 
of a horse's skull, or a bull's horn. They serve 
also as guides to travellers crossing the Andes. 
Nothing is more curious than to see them de- 
scend from the mountaius. Sealed on an ox hide, 
of which they grasp the lower extremity, they 
slide with the speed of arrows down the auowy 
slopes of the Cordilleras, and have no other 
means of steering but ilieir long canea. The 
scene of our engraving is of u pacific character— 
a market scene. Of the- three seated women, 
two sell sho'es; the third islislf-ning to the gossip 



of tho two Chilian men opposite to her, and 
leaning against the wall for their support ; and 
she docs not despair to see thorn interrupt their 
chat to make 
ncipiaintanco 
witli certain 
bottles, the 
long necks of 
which seem to 
invite tho 
hand of the 
toper. The 
Chilian wines 
are generally 
sugared, and 
leave u rough- 
ness in the 
puhito. Tho 
nest is that 
which ix made 
from the vines 
grown along 
tho Itala Riv- 
er. A groat 

auantity of 
lis is expor- 
ted to Peru. 
In the middle 
distance are 
two young 
girls, whose 
costumes, at 
once simple 
and elegant, 
scarcely re- 
mind you of 
the little pou- 
c h s , tho 
black hats 
adorned with 
feathers, and 
tho close fit- 
tin g ekirts 
worn by wo- 
men in other 
pa ri a of 
Chili. 



TUB ST,4TUES 
OF OOETHE AMD BCHILLEB AT 
WEIMAH, OBBMANY. 
Rarely is tho sculptor's art 
more worthily employed than 
in perpetuating the features and 
forms of those great men who 
stand like sentinels along the 
line of ages, passing the torch 
of genius from hand to hand. 
And a grateful tribute to true 
crofttness is to set those statues 
cast in bronze, in the places 
they have hallowed by their 
living pr^'sence. Thus Weimar, 
the Athens of Germany, has 
honored herself in the erection 
of the two statues of Schiller 
and Goethe, which form the 
subject of one of the ilhistra- 
tions on this page. The friend- 
ship of these two great men is 
expressed in the attitude. 
Their right hands are joined, 
and together both clasp the 
lanrel which belonged to both. 
Tho attitude of Goethe is calm 
and characteristic— his dress 
neat, his eyes not raised above 
tho horizon ; while Schiller's 
careless dress and upward, in- 
tense glance, well become the 
representative of Idealism, as 
he stands beside the represen- 
tative of Realism. For these 
two men, Germany would be 
remembered long after all else 
had perished, aa the name of 
Shukspeare would survive the 
name of England. And of 
what a brilliant galaxy were 
they, the planetary stars in the 
earliest part of the present cen- 
tury ; even tho lesser lights 
were such men as Herder, 
Wieland and Kotzebue. Al- 
together, they lit up this little 
Gorman duchy-capital, quaint, 
antique, and nestling on the 
banks of the Ilm, ninety-four 
miles west of Dresden, with a 
splendor that, seen from afar, 
attracted visitors from all parts 
of Europe. In speaking of the 
friendship of Schiller and 
Goetbe, Lewes points out their 
dissimilarity as follows ; — 
" Goethe's beautiful head had 
the calm, victorious grandeur 
of the Greek ideal ; Schiller's 
the earnest beauty of a Chris- 
tian looking towards the Fu- 
ture. The massive brow and 
large-pupil eyes, — like those 
given by Raphael to the infant 
Christ in the matchless Ma- 
donna di San Sisto, — the 
strong and well-proportioned 
features, lined indeed b y 
thoughts and suffering, yet 
Bhowing that thoughts and suf- 
fering have troubled, but not 
vanquished, tho strong man, — 
a certain healthy vigor in the 
brown skin, and an indescriba- 
ble something which shines out 
from the face, make Goethe a 
striking contrast to Schiller, 
with his eager eyes, narrow 
brow, — tonso and intense, — his irregular features 
lined by thoughts and suffering, and weakened 
by sickness. The one looks, the other looks out. 



Both arc majestic ; but one has the majesty of 
repose, the other of conflict. Goethe s frame is 
massive, imposing: be seems much taller than 
he really is. Goethe holds himself stilly erect ; 
the long-necked Schiller ' walks like a ^'arnel.• 
Goethe^i Hiest is like the torso of the Iheaeua; 
Schiller's is bent, and has loat a lung. A simi- 
lar diflerenco is traceable in details. 'An air 
that waa beneficial to Schiller, acted on me like 
poison,' Goethe said to Eckermann. * • • 

As another, and not unimportant detail, char- 
arterizing the healthy and unhealthy practice of 
literature, it may be added that Goethe wrote m 
the freshness of tho morning, entirely free from 
stimulus ; Schiller worked in the feverish hours 
of night, stimulating his languid brain with 
coffee and cliaropagne. In comparing one to a 
Greek ideal, the other to a Chnstian ideal, it has 
already been implied that one was tho represen- 
tative of Realism, tho other of Idealism. Goethe 
has himself indicated the capital distinction be- 
tween them ; Schiller was animated with the 
idea of Freedom ; Goethe, on tho contrary, was 
animated with the idea of Nature. This distinc- 
tion runs through their works, Schiller always 
pining for sometliing greater than Nature, wish- 
ing to make men Demigods. Goethe always 
striving to let Nature have free development, and 
produce the highest forms of Humanity. The 
Fall of Man was to Schiller tho happiest of all 
events, because thereby men fell away from pure 
imtitirt into conscious /re^t/oi", and with thia sense 
of freedom came ihe possibility of Morality. To 
Goethe this seemed paying a price for Morality 
which was higher than Morality was worth ; ho 
had the idea of a condition wherein Morality 
was unnecessary. Much as he might prize a 
good police, he prized still more a society in 
which a police would never be needed." The 
death of Schiller, severing a brief but intimate 
association, was a severe blow to Goethe at the 
time, and perhaps exerted an insensible influence 
on the remainder of bis life. Both these men 
are immortal, and their intimate associates have 
all joined them in the other world. But the bet- 
ter portion of their nature— their thoughts, im- 
pressed with the signet of immortality, remain, a 
precious legacy, to kindle enthusiasm, to stimu- 
late effort, to give birth to other creative lives. 
Honored be their memory ! forever green be 
their laurels ! 

DICKEKS AT UAMTHORNDEN. 

During his recent visit to Edinburg, Dickens 
visited the beautiful and classic scene^ of 
Hawtbornden. A correspondent of the Dum- 
fries Courier gives the following amusing ac- 
count of the visit : — " Mr. Dickens went oui with 
an order for admission. When he got to the 
gate with his party, the old wrinkled woman who 
acts as Cerberus, refused most decidedly to let 
them in. Mr. Dickens was so astonished at the 
insolence of the old Scotch beldame in refusing 
admittance to such a respectable party as his, 
and such a handsome put-on man as himself in 
particular, that ho was driven to tho desperate 
resource of appealing to his fume, ' My good 
woman, my name's Dickens, and I can't come 
here every day.' ' I neither ken nor care what 
yonr name is, but ye canna get in excep' on reg- 
ular days,' responded Cerberus, 'And then,' 
went on the great man, astounded at the old 
woman's ignorant contempt for his great name, 
' I have an order, if you will look at it,' produc- 
ing the document to the bleared lady, who ejac- 
ulates angrily, ' What's the use of letiin' me see 
an order when I canna read V Utterly foiled in 
his attempts upon this female, the illustrious 
novelist was compelled to wait for about an 
hour until a messenger returned from the house 
of Hawthornden to allow him to enter." An 
interesting piece of wisdom perhaps. 




MAKKET SCENE AT VALPARAISO, CHILI. 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



45 




WOMEN OF SiVBLES d'oLONNE, LA VENDEE, FR;VNCE. 



WOMEN OF SABLES D'OLONNE, LA VENDEE. 

In our researches nftor carious costamee, we have 
alighted on the graphic sketch which we hare had en- 
graved on this jingo. It represents the women of the 
town of Sables d' Olonno, a seaport in the department 
of La Vendue, France. The surrounding conntry is 
fertile and inhabited by one of the healthiest and most 
robust populations in all Franco. The men arc almost 
all sailors ; and the women pursue the avocations of 
6sbtng and farming. Their costume has a general 
character, differiog only in the head-dress, which 
changes with every commune, the most elefiant being 
the coiffe frisifc or cahn'oU: During the working bourn 
the women of Sables go barefooted. In very cold 
weather they wear sabots, wooden shoes and pattens, 
with footless stockings, locally called viroles. When 
they go for water, tbey carry their jars suspended from 
a yoke. In winter they wear short cloaks of plush or 
fur, which give them a very singular appearance. Our 
engraving represents both the summer and winter cos- 
tumes of theae hardy and healthy women. 

W \TER TANK 
IN ST. OILES'S-IN-THS FIELD, LONDON. 

The accompanying engraving takes us into the heart 
of one of those squalid fjuarters of the great metropolis, 
which, we trust, will soon be entirely renovated and 
improved, which preseni so much to interest the artist 
and the student of character, so much to sadden the 
heart of every well-raeantng visitor. Here in a new 
bright world wc can scarcelv conceive of the abject 
wretoUcdnesB which exists in the ancient ciiics of the old 
world, the growth of many a^es of suft'ering and pov- 
erty. There are certain portions of London where the 
buildings are dilapidated and most of the inhabitants 
squalid, in which at times such picturesque scenes are 
found that an artist might enjoy the material with as 
much effect as some of the sketches procured by long 
travel in continental cities. In such ueighborboodfl as 
that shown in the engraving, which are occupied by nu- 
merous costermongers, in the spring and summer, the 
narrow roading is gay with roses, geraniums, musk- 
planta, wall. flowers, fruit, vegetables, etc., in their 
season, which are bought in largo quantities from 
Covcnt Garden and other markets, for the purpose of 
being trimmed up and arranged for general sale. In 
those back slums, hidden from the public view, market 
bunches of flowers, waiercresses, cabbages, turnips, 
etc., are carefully divided into smaller parcels, and 
arranged with a degree of taste which is in some cases 
remarkable. As well as taste, theiTJ are also evidences 
of prosperity among those itinerant dealers. Reared, 
as most of this class have been, under very unfortunate 
circumstances, we can scarcely he surprised at their 
rougbn&^s of manner and other imperfections. It 
should, however, be noticed that many of those men 
and women, by great exertions from early morning till 
late at night, contrive to keep from the prison and the 
workhouse ; and it is difHcult for those who are differ- 
ently situated to form an idea of the amount of firmness 
which is required to preserve their limited capital, 
tempCed as they often are by much poverty and pri- 
vation. Generally speaking, the population of such 
□eigbborbooda as this are difBcult to aeat with in a san- 
itary point of view ; and, although in the Model Build- 
ings in PortpooMane a spacious apartment at the base- 
ment of the premises was provided for the use of 
costermongers, so that they might in separate compart- 
meni.«, at a coat of from 2d. to 3d. a week, keep in 
•afety and mth the advantage of good ventilation 
unsold fish and other perishable matters, we believe that 
not a single olTer was made to occupy this place, al- 
though the evil of keeping donkeys, vegetaolea, and 
other perishable goods in confined ciwellings is evident. 
Owing to this indifference, it is necessary, for the bene- 
fit of those who are either so destitute of knowledge, or 
80 young that they are not able or likely to help them- 
selves, that both persuasion and force should be cm- 
ployed to remedy those ill conditions which amongst 
the poorer classes of London society have caused so 



much remark and been attended with such bad 
conseqnenceH, The largo tank in the back- 
ground of the engraving was erected at a time 
when water in this dense population was almost 
as scarce and precious as in the desert, and has 
proved a great benefit to the neighborhood- A 
recent examination of this district, is said to havo 
shown great improvement. In the lodging- 
houses the sanitary police watch with care and 
much judgment the condition of the druinago, 



water tnpply. number of . 
beds in apartments, and 
the cleanliness of the 
Tuoms ; and now, instead 
of the cencnil njceptiou 
places for traveller* being 
dark, dingy, and undei^ 
ground dens, with the 
small windows and on- 
truucea cloned by shatters 
and utltcr coQtrtvaae«s to 
hide tliQ tnmatoa from 
view, large spac«< Imve 
been opened and titled 
with iron gratings, 
through which a sufti- 
oient ainoant of fresh air is 
Bupidicd. Convenient Arc- 

filacos and water-boilor^ 
lavoboon placed for cook- 
ing, etc. ; plaio-raokn and 
other conveniences havo 
been provided, and the 
rooms white waabcd and 
well lighted with gas. 
ThiH beneficial change naa 
produced ita ccriam re- 
suits ; and those who arc 
obliged to re«ort to these 
temporary homes can en- 
joy a certain amount of 
comfort and sleep without 
danger to health ; and, 
moreover, the light and 
cleanliness induce caro for 
personal appearance; and 
many, both male and fe- 
male, who would not in 
the dark dens have 
thought of it, may now be 
seen mending their 
clothes, and washing both 
them and their faces. 
Such dwellings as those 
drawn will in a very short 
time cease to exist in tho 
metropolis. They will be looked at with 
curiosity then, when, although there is no 
hope that the " poor will coano in tbo 
land," we tnist that their condition will ho 
much bettered. Tho very greatest men of 
the English metropolis, men who are tho 
glorios of English literature, are now do- 
voting their talents to the amelioration of 
the condition of the poor, and all thnt can 
bo done for them will be done. 



H.iTRl»ONIAU 
On the S.Mof April, lM5,a Mr. R— , rMtdine 

in tho ancient town of Vienno, in tho nonth of 
France, married a young lady, Mdlle. T — . Tho 
husband wo.-* in business, hut his private fortune 
and that of hi* wife secured tho young couple an 
independent income of XlfitK) a year. Mr. R — 
wa« twonly-thrce, bis wife one year yonngor. 
Tho honeymoon was hardly over when Mra. 
R — evinced a strong diitpusition to wear tliai 
part of her husband's habilinu-ntA which is gen- 
erally considered as conferring tbo privilege of 
undivided sway on its fair usurper. To please 
his wife, B — sold tho good will of his linj<ine»s, 
and removed to Lvons in obedience to her wishes. 
This compliance il'ul not soften the heart of nmd- 
anie, who lost no time in showing strong sjmp- 
Inms of insnbortlination. Without gomg into 
the details of tho tribnlations of this henpecked 
hufiliand, sutllce ic to say that hii* wife pcr^nitdcd 
him to borrow a large sum from her brother, then 
contrived to havo a neptiralion c/c hints pronounced, 
BO as to ftecuns her personal fortune, and, m a 
climax, caused her brother to arrest him for debt. 
When in jail he received a visit from his tonncn- 
tor, and was deluded into signing a pnjicr, mak- 
ing over to her the whole of his properly by a 
promise of liberty. The promise was dnlj' per. 
formed, and, on being relta*cd. he naturnlly 
went homo. At the door of his abodo, however, 
he encountered bis wife, who, in tho coolest wa^ 
in the world, askiul him what ho wanted. His 
reply is not recorded, hut tho upshot of tho con- 
versation was. that he only obtained admiiision 
on signing an undertaking that — I. lie would 
lake his meals in the kitchen. 'J. lie would 
sleep in a garret. 3. lie would be satisfied with 
a common camp-bed. 4. lie would only require 
a clean shirt every fortnight. 5. He would bo 
content to wear second-hand clothes, shoes, etc. ; 
and, finally, never to venture to ask for pocket- 
money. Madame, in the niennwhile, was in the 
most extravagant exponRcs, while their two chil- 
dren were allowed to wander about lbehou«o de- 
prived of tho nocoscaricH of life. It — mildly ox- 

fiostulated, hut was forthwith punished by being 
ocked up for two days in a diu'k room, and kept 
on broad and water. At length he plucked up 
sufHcient courage to bring nn action against Ins 
unnatural wife, to compel her to leave the ndmin- 
islrution of the fortune in his bands, and to 
acknowledge bis authority ; but tho court, think- 
ing so weaK an individual was unfit to have any 
large t*um entrusted to him, merely sentenced 
Mudamu K — lo pay her husband alimony to 
the amount of XI2U a yonr. 




WATfcR TAMi L\-IHE-HELD, IN ST. GILES'S, LONDON. 



46 



BALLOU'S 



PICTORIAL mAWim-iio(McmvAmo^ 



poet's daxmx. 



[Wrltt*n for Ilallou'« P)rt«riftl.] 
Tin; ISKW YKAR. 



ThP pW liM gone, the "Mf bw fomff. 
IV.' lioml'I It Willi "liigl'is; 

w'v iiiiii 11 Kin'iiy 'o 

For all llic Joj U'* '"■'"S'lB' 
Upon tl.r nlr lt...«.lv»'rif clilm* 

Tliu brIJ-l or It-nr KltU TImB 
worthy of thv ringlug. 

Til" hopw lliut fiidi'il wUh thp 

lliivu wlLli lliB ""W iipnUrrcJ, 
Tlip wrnk tinil Hnilil lu-urL gr""« bold, 

TliP ffolile imc ■ironK-litnrU'd, 
Aloiift til" groovp!. or [jroijilf" now. 

New iJliin* mid Frliptne" lin*o Aarh'tl, 
A„i whrr" n cloud oncu wrwitlird n brow 

Tliu siin tbdl ulniid biitli jinrlfil. 

0, nii'Tty go tli« flylwg boiir', 

Abovi'H pliiJn of rom, 
And Jiopu llu« lili' 'inioiig iho Ilowora 

IVIiff" Inyo nu'l Mth rcpofM. 
And II" old TIni" wHli vlMgcfd-ni 

Tln' j ruir'i' linok now dliiclo/irfl, 
W" ulvo oiir iiriiuil"" mi will Iciira 

Truo loMOna rru It clo^oi. 



TIIOUOIIT 19 PIIKB. 
Tbouftlit In ftvv' 
Clinlnlw an 111" iiiifiillioiiiPil MB, 

Jllioinnt nn Min hriwilll uf h"ilTl'll, 
lt.ti>l<l II- iU<- Bli'rimlng l"vln . 
It M'lin li'Tii lirrun.' till' IIkIiI, 
And will ia*t U'jouil llio uiglit, 

Tliouglil frci'! 
' Vm' II* nil meM'K tlioiigbtx sboiild bo, 
Sn KdrIIsIi Airrcit Mild ; 
»i> illd )iriMi"b Ilic miirtyrrd dctid 
]h tbi' liiiid III tIriiM ot old, 
WhiTu trulti bniTBljr yet la lold. 



DEKD3 AND W'0nD9, 
U'lii'iii'pr II nohli> dnid Is wrouiflit, 
Wlienu ur l» Bpokcii u noblv tbougbt. 

Our b<!iirLN ill gind surprise 

To lilgbiT Ifvi'ls rlsi'. 

llniiof to llio*c iibofn words or duodn 
Tbu* li«i|i iix in our dully uiwda, 

Ami I'J tbi'lr oTiirllow 

JtiiUo UH (wax wlint Is lun I— I^NDFILlOff- 

TIMK. 

Tlilnk we, or think wc mil, lioiw burrlM on 
IVIrli d r"«lHtlc«9, uno'inltllDg hin.-um; 
Yi-t tn-h-ln inoxv soft tliiin ('"nrdld iiildoittht thief, 
ThBt pllJua hl« bftiiil unJrr tlin niL'iT's pillow, 
And ciirrle* "If liU prinu.— Hum, 



(f rtitov'js (!:a?j! (t\m, 

CiO!!IMIP WITH TIIli: BRAncp. 

lUgbt gliiJ nro we to Imru tliut Alburt I'iko of Arkiin- 
BOS, tiiK pout. Folilk'r, polltii'lnn and lunyiT, not yet 
piltd tbii debt of nnturiv SoQiu of our cout^-niporurlua 
publiubvd obirunry doUco of him, nlioii Ibo nnt rumor 
of h\» dentil n-urlind tile Ensl. iiud Ibe coloiiul will bftTU 
the fnuiL' sort of grntillcutloD lu nindlng tlieiu that his 
townnmiiii, Tlmotliy Doxter. dSd In tvAng bl» own fune- 
rul- For our pari, wu cnn only »p|*b liu mny Htc b (lioii- 

niiD't yenr* If it bo true tbiil iuiikIc oncn hcnrd, 

fon-ver lingurn in the mimiory. wliiit it legncy of dellclotm 
Houreolra will the Ifilluii opurft liHTol We tbfnk it is 
Jtulwur who fny*: " It is nollcenblo, thftl to thoM- who 
ore much nllre to the effuctd of niuslo, ntrn and tunes 
often roue bnck, to the coGioionct pursuits of life, to 
Tex. BS it were. BDil bnuut them. The inusl" oiico nd- 
millod to the soul, bucotnea nUo n sort of spirit, ond 
never dies. It irnDiluni pcrmrbedly through the hnll« 
nud gnllerlep of the nieniory, nnd U often hennl agttln, 
dlstturt nod llrlng, as when it flr>t diaptiiccd the wuve- 

leta of the nir " An ndvertiwmeut In ibc Dubllu 

pi»per* stiitts that tho oorredpoudBOCp of tho late Duke of 
WelUtiijlon, from Septumber, 1S06, to April. 1807. I* miss- 
ing. UIh g^al^c wnn of opinion that ho hnd depo^ili'il 
these pnpcru somvivber^ lo Dublin, on a»»uuilng. In ISOT. 
file offlL-e of chlef-gfCretiiry for Inliind, Tbey nre sup- 
posed lo be tn boxes in somi' public store, or bunk, or in 

pomo priviite boose iu Dublin Tho I'hilndolphia 

l'r«9« doEK not publUb b vory tlatlerliig obitunry of 
M,idiimc Ida Pfi-iflur. It fajs ; " If ever n woman mpr- 
lt*d the Hppelliitlon of Queen of the DcBd-hrnds, ii wns 
Mndaoie PfeilTer. She expoded lo truvel frw of expon:>e, 
rtnd If shii eiirrlod a Idler of Inlroduetlon to any ono, 
without being Inimcrtiutely inviled to moko hi« bouse her 
home, nnd hi# purw her bnuk, sho wns sure to chronlolo 

his want of hospitality in her umt book,'' One of 

our C'tnadiiin exchanges »nys thnl QcQeral Eyre him of- 
fered & prli* to the Montreal Snow Club, to be nwarded 
to that member "ho ehnll fire iho grrailest number of 
nnoi* balls tn n given liui". The general will never be 
cBllod on lo piiy the priie — no niBU living can fire ntnnxt- 

bull Dubute's purtmit of Rosa Uonhcur is well 

ppoken of In the London Athenrcum. The fuco, so firm 
Bud mastMiltno, with nlinost stern eyes, clo<e, mgnclous 
mouth, nud fprightly, elevated eyebrows. Is bcnullfully 
engraved, with b truth and breadth worlhy of .ill prai«e. 
The velvet jttcket, natty and AmozoDlnn; the hnndket- 
cbiet, skirt, Bud usual cloudy background arv. of course, 
sUirkcd for econooiv. ns pure line ongmving is much loo 
slow, vxponsivp. nnd peuuiue for iiii ngo that strives at 
quick proBl^ und quick effeelP. The utlenilnot short- 
Lorned bull, ou whose curled forelock thiii U\t £urop>. 
reots her white httud, no wUll dismayed, U excellently 



wrought lo. -Itb II- full. t,«Dqull eyo. ehorl, -tubby 
,3. «»d dotM. eIo«.. hairy hide. It reminds us of 
U,„ old On.olan .lory. I.w.ndvd, If Tioi aelually true, wo 
uDDO." tolllusin.te th" ton:oof h.iblt.ortheoldwo- 
maoTf Kph"«««. «l.o. from cnrrjlng a calf dally homo 
upon h..r D.ck, BC'lol'^ power of rarrjlng the .amo 
calf when It bor«mc a bull- But bellevo this quiet- 
looking runt, with the chestnut hnir and brown lake of 
noeyr h A pel «f tho pnlnt^-r's, and even follow- her iu 
country walk-. U »»s b happy Idea of so expre^'lng her 
domination over the animal world, and the little Frviirh 
lady looks quIU- queenly or hlgh-prlcsl sb as she plant* 
b« dominating hand (the colored palelto just oil her 
thumb) upon the frontlet of this bull, that seems stand- 
ing beside some (Indian turf .nitar, doomed for sacrifice. 
If Ibis wen. B painting W" should look to see Itii glided 
crescent horns hung wJfh garlands of Mered ver- 
vain The Karinlnglon, Me., Patriot sUle. th*t not 

less than one hundn..! and »ixty-llvo thouMn.I pounds of 
dried apple, have been purchased In that villnt-e. of the 

rarmcrs lu that vUlnity, the present sewon Tho 

„,ost valuable span of horse, iu the Vu\ua Slates ore 
said to be ownml by Commodore VanderbiU. of N'-* 
Vork They are matohed horses. They cost bim S7000. 

and ho bris b-eu oflfred SDCWO for them The tntJ.l 

gold coluBgo of the Ui.il-d State... Im ludiiig bars, for tho 
fiscal y«>r coding .June 31). 1868, amounted t« about 
?r," 8tfa SHtO 29. TliP silver coinage for tho Mmo ponod 
amounted to 77. The number of cents coined 

wa* 2.3,100,000 The New Vorkera enjoy themselves 

finely on tho skating pood In the new Central Parfc It 
Is estimated that at ono titno lately lliere were twelve 

thousand sh-iN-n. and spectators Tho Paris corrc 

sponJent of the Plilladelpbia Bulletin, speaking Of on 
..pcentrUi old woman there, sajs: " The old lady Inva- 
riably titkes nol.fl of tbc weather ou each of the twelve 
dajN that follow Chrlstma* day. and carefully records 
whether It bus been cold, mild, f.ilr. mloy or chnogenble. 
AeeorJIug to her, the*" t«elvc days typify the twelve 
nioiillisof thenew year, e.ieh of which reproduces the 
weather of il* corresponding day. The lady does what 
she sajs her father and grandfather did boforo her, nnd 
during tlio cour*o of thrco-quarters of a century over 
which her personal obsorvatiouF bav.' extended, she has 
never known her eriUirions to prove deceptive." We 

don't believe In the old lady's system Mr. Palmer la 

to p^^^pare for the family of the late Gov. Slarcy a por- 
trait bust of that dl.«tlngulshed statesman, says tho New 

York Courier A letter from St. Peler»burgb, dated 

the 22d ult., says; ■■ As fur as depends on tho emperor 
himself, the question of emanclputiou mi.kiis rapid pro- 
gres-s. Ills majesty lately ordered that the serfs belong- 
ing to the mines placed under tho minlater of finance 
sliould be emancipated within the delay of six months. 
Thn-e commissions have been (ippoltiled to carry this 
order Into efFocl^ one, for the workshops and pHiisante of 
the government of Moscow; the second, for those of tho 
eirenmnpection of Orenburg; and the third for tbc 

Ounil.'' "Awful Gardner," the cx-prlze-Dghler, 

coolinues hU shoe butineps in Portebester, N. Y. He 
ndiitfld his experience recently In the Mctbodi.st Church 
lit Tarry town, on the occasion of a union religious meet- 
ing, hold there by the Fljlug Artillery of New York 
city. This " Flying Artillery,"' by the way, Is a relig- 
ious not a nil1it4iry corps Kdwln Korest recently re- 
ceived an offer from ft reliable source to act nt the Acade- 
my of Music, New York, for a limited number of nights, 
the parlies proposing to give him a larger sum of money 
than was ever given to any Be tor In this or any other 
eouiitry. The olf.-r was refused. This certainly does 
not IndicatL' a great love of money on the part of Mr. 
Forest, lie Is wise, however, to rest awhile from his 
arduous labors. .... .Two youogmen, James and William 

Miuwn, aged elghtuen and twenty, have arrived at St. 
Louis, aflf-r being rescued from Wilson's Island, In tho 
Miv'issippi, where they rciuained five tlays iviiliout food. 
They were raftsmen, hut a passlug sK'Buier scattered 
their rati, and they clung to a single limber till they 
were ciist upon the Islaud. where they endured terrible 
siiHerlngs, and whence tbey finally escaped by swimming 

to the laud on a stray log There will be four 

eclipses of the sun in ISCO, vlx , a partial eclip.«o on the 
2d of February, invifilblo here; a partial one the 4th of 
Marcii, invisible here; onuther ou the 2.Sth of July, par- 
tial, and rery small ; it mil end at 41 mlDUtes paat C in 
the evening; another one, August 27lh, visible ouly In 

the Or'-nt Southern Ocean The greatest jnsCauce of 

impudence on record is that of a Yankee who In an lt;il- 
iau city, stopped a religious proce.islon, in order to light 
bis eigar liom oue of the holy candles. Ere the proces- 
sion reeovereJ from Its nstoulshmcnt, tbc audacious 
smoker hud calmly di»iap|ie'ired. .. . .A shrewd solou of 
the Emerald I.sle, obKerviug, recently, a poultry dealer in 
Ihn Vicinity of the market busily eogngeii iu citoppliig 
oil the spurn Irum the leg:> of the turkeys he had ou sale, 
accosted him with—" Mi«tlier,nre jer sure that poulthry 
cBiue over the railro.id-"' " What do jou want to know 
for"' asked the dealer. "1 am altlicr thinking, if it 
did." n'plled our Ulberitian friend, ' you might, have 
saved a cousiderablo fnight, if you hnd cut olT the spurs 
before the pouttbry left Khode Island." The Hart- 
ford Times, revieniiig b recent lecture of Mr. Emerson in 
that clly,sa>s, ■■ Eoierson is tlie be.'l type ot n clear, 
erjstalliwd Inleltect, uuvlogged by lulerfering physical 
coDdilioua, of any Amerlcau auUiur. In those unfallcr- 
iug lulerior remrcbes Into the hidden Uw and nature of 
mun a own esscBtlal self— lUe ever eluding Kgo of tho 
human soul— ISmersDu, to use a vulgar weelcrn figure of 
spet'ch, 'dlvrs deeper, stajs down lunger, and comes 
up drier,' than Buy other such oxplorec of modem 

timet. " A remarkably i^ud'len death occurred at 

the Parisian Iinllan Opera lloiiw, Mcrcadaute's "11 
Oiuranieoto" was in courne of performance. Towards 
the close of the oper*. tho tenor, Viscanlo, stabs the 
prlua donna, Elaisa. At tho mouient when thi.* event 
took place. 00 Saturday uiglit. a nligbt scream was heard 
from a lady In one of the grand tier boxe«. Uei friends 
around bur supposed she bad simply uttered the cry in 
u moment of temporary excitement ou witnessiug the 
dnimaljo events of the ^-tage, but her Liead wa^ seuu lo 
droop, and «he w.ts losUOtly temored. Medical utist- 



„ „..„on or no ordinary beauty, about tb. ty J'«rs of 

„ ' Her name was Save.- UU absurd .n m u to 

bfcousuntlv ridiculing anddenounclngcnnohne^tthat 

L is it to tell how a lady in Detroit who wa« warmlog 
hers n church nt the register, eame near burmng to 
a"b by the accidental U-iillou of '-7'- ''^ J [ 

,i„.- The brigands in Italy are quite abundant ju.t 

now. At Uologna.botb within and without the wall , 
robberies, attended ver, oft.n „ I th violence, an. fr^^quvut^ 
The Marquis Pepoli, a m-pbew of Prince Mur.t, bad a 
narrow escape recently. He had already tahca h.s place 
in (he dllis-'nce for Turin,hul au Incident preventing his 
departure, the diligence which -hould hareeonveyed him 
stopped within a mile of tho city and rifled. Why 
the p-dlce do not Interfere Is perhttp« explained by the 
following answer made some lime ago by a chief brigand, 
who, being questioned how It happened that be was left 
unmolesUd in his vocation, answered very simply and in- 
genuously, ■■ I don t mi-ddle with politics." A re?*.! 

h,M arrived at London bearing for the British Museum 
IIK) cafes or antiquities from IlalicarnMsus and Cnldus, 
further result of the excavation at those places by Mr. 
Charies Newton, the Ilritish vice-consul at My tilene ; also 
about 60 eases filled with similar tn-asures from C.trtbage. 
Amoug tho*e fnim Culdn« is a gigantic lion of Parian 
marble, lu a rroucliing attitude, mcttsuriog teu feet in 

length by six In height, and weighing eight tons In 

the Dritlsh Houee of Commons, half an hour s speech is 
cou^ldered a long one, and few meu would venture on 
taking more of the lime of that body. Suppose our Con- 
gressmen try the same plan ? The Troy Times states 

that a lady fell on Iliver Street recently, and ou going 
down stuck her foot through one of those crass-barred, 
wire-fenced affairs that the fair aex employ for some pur- 
pose, ami— fainted. She was taken lo an adjacent milli- 
ner's shop, and on having her foot taken " out of chan- 
cery, '' and aided by restoratives, she returned to con- 
ticlousncss and her business The governor of Jamai- 
ca has teeommeodcd to the legislature of that islaud 
measures for the promotion of more regular and frequent 
Intercourse with lUe United StaU'S. 




Matters in Oeneral. 

Wllbout containing the record of any one event of 
Btartiing Importance, our foreign flies, British and con- 
linentai, contain many detached Items of interest.— Bril- 
liant sueceFsee continue to attend the operations of the 
English in ludia. Among these we note the storming of 
Birwa by Brigadier Burtur. Near Sullanpore, a body of 
rebels, the old NuBserabad Brigade, which bad the au- 
dacity to Bpproach the lines, were beaten by Brigadier 
Horsford, with a loss of eighty killed, and four guns, on 
their part. Other minor eogagements have illustrated 
the British arms. The rebel." are generally retiring to 
the mountain district?. The (|ueen's proclamation is 
produeing an effect,— The electors of Ilochdale, England, 
are taking steps to ensure the return of Mr. Cobden for 
that borough at the general elections .inticipoted next 
spring, — A ivar is at present raging between the univer- 
sity studuQU aud the police at Cambridge. The under- 
gra(Iuate.i have been ofsauttiog the oUlcerfi and resisting 
them in the di.^harge of their duties. Five of them 
were taken belore tho magiotrales and fined X.S.— The 
citizens of Edinburgh hare lately given a dinner to LoriJ 
Brougham. — The foundation stone of the new monument 
to Hugh Miller has been laid at Cromarty, the birth 
placa of the eminent geologliit and author. The mouu- 
mcnl will consist of a pillar flity feet high, surmounted 
by a statue of Mr. Miller. — They have had excessively 
cold weather in lt;ily.— The Inilependcnt press of Madrid 
expresses unanimously the opiulou that the honor of 
Spah) has been too much injured to admit of the gov- 
ernment still employing negotiations either \Hlh Mexico 
or Morocco. — Advices from Naples state that Mount \ e.=u- 
viua is again in full eruption, and presents a most mag- 
nillcent fpectacle each night, Theeflcetis enhanced by 
the deep snows that cover the mountains. — The sover- 
eignty of tho queen over India has at last been pro- 
claimed at the three presidencies, and in all the great 
citlta.— The spread of eeon.'t societies in Ireland has at- 
tracted the altention of the government, and the lord- 
lieuleuant Of Ireland has issued a proclamation, warning 
the people against the iUcgality of those bodie.i, and 
offering rewords for the detection of those engaged in 
them — A fcmi-olTlcial paragraph ia the French papers 
mny be K'garded as an imperial warning lo the journals 
of that country loah,*tain from the InEerlion of articles 
that would provoke an ill feeling against Austria. 

A. Veteran gone. 

Mr, John Burton, who died recently at East Bnrkwith, 
Ijncolnabire, England, ivas boru on the 26tli of June, 
ITGO.and thus lived in the reigns of George II,, III., IV., 
>Vilham IV., aud Victoria. For seveutj-flve years he was 
tenant of the glebe farm under six succeeMive rectors of 
Kixft Barkwith. He was a man of remarkable strength 
and industry, being known, even after he was an old 
man, lo work in the fields all day and remain up nearly 
all night threshing corn for the market. When more 
than uiaety-clx years of ago bo would walk lo church 
and back, a dl^tnuec of nearly three miles, nnd less than 
two years ago he took the plough and ploughed for 
about two hours His hair was still black at the lime of 
his decease, and bis eyesight was so good that lie could 
read suiBit print, in church always following the service 
and joining in the re.ipoutes with great preciaion. lie 
wat married, aud leaves three children, born at an Inter- 
val of leu years between each. 

Potato Crop of Ireland. 

The Northern Whig. Bpeaklng of the jield of th. 
■ potato crop of 18&fi, says that, tut a whole, it has been 
one of the finest raised iu In-land since 1S40. that is five 
jenr* before the lalal pe.^lik-nce developed itself. It 
add*: •■The 'luulity of this sc^'ou's growth is excel- 
lent, and there can bo no ground of complaint from tho 



grower as to price. Whatever flueluatlons may hato 
t.ikeu place In the rate of breadftufl^, transactioos In 
potatoes have been unquestionably remunerative; and 
eTcn grunting that one-fourtU of tlie gross proituee were 
unfit for food, growers will still pocket flRy per cent, 
ohove the amount reallwd In days previous lo the ex- 
istouco of what the croakers caU the ■ deetructlTo 
malady.' " 

A Belio of the Fast. 

The death at VcrcaPIcs of a mysterious personage who 
for year? had been known by the uanio of M'dllo. de 
Liivalette de Ijinge, who turned out to be a man, was 
aunounced about six months ogo. Among the ellects 
left by this person was a magoifireut counterpane, in old 
guipure, hearing the arms of France, tho Initials of 
Louis XIT. ond Queen Marie Tlien se. and the arms of 
prlnceji nnd princesses of the blood. As this oljccl was 
known to have belonged to the palace at Versailles, and 
to have disappeored lo the great revolution, it was Uken 
posso'sion of by the diree tor-general of tho museums, 
and Is. by order of the minister of stal«, lo be exhibited 
lu the Museum of sovereigns In the LouTre. 

France. 

The emperor's poeition toward Montalembert is com- 
pletely compromised, and as destitute of good sense na 
of dignity. He attempted to play with Montalembert as 
If ho had been one of the ordinary reds " he des- 
patches with so little ceremony to Cayenne. But he 
noon found he bad fallen upon a dllTcrent kind of man. 
He was going to let Montalembert feel bis power nnd then 
magnanimously piirdon him. Hut Monlnlembert also H 
a power in France, for he Is not only the emperor's equal 
in intelligence, but be represents n great principle whioh 
has been outraged in this prosecution, and of wliicli ho 
Is the dtfender. 

War on Crinoline. 

At the Liverpool sessions lately, 'William Huntingiton, 
a b.iker and flour dealer. wa.o cbarged with having as- 
eaulled two young ladles in Prince's Park, Liverpool, and 
cut off the crinoliue of the elder one, at tho ?amo tinio 
exclaiming. " These hoops, these boops, T cannot toler- 
ate them," or words of similar import. Shortly after 
the priEoncr's examination before the police magistrate, 
when he attempted lo prove an alibi, his friends de- 
clared that the real perpetrator of the outrage, au Irish 
lunatic, who had escaped from Newry, bad been captured 
in Liverpool and Immured in a local lunatic asylum. 

British Museum. 

A new room has been opened lo the public In the Brlt- 
lah Mu,>eum, containing an extremely intrre.itlng collec- 
tion of foreign plants and seeds— sections of the trunks 
of trees, showing their structure, and Fpeclinens of 
woods, IlritisU and foreign, polished and unpolished. 
These objects represent, principally, the Tegetation of 
southern rilmates. 

Victor Emmanuel. 

The Paris Journal des Dehats afflniiB poslllTPly tbat 
King Victor Emmanuel did declare to his army that It 
must hold ilFclf ready to march into Lombardj In the 
spring. The discontent In Lombardy Is profound, and a 
medal ts in secret circulation bearing the icscripflon, 
" Emmanuel, King of Italy.'' 

Madame Barrot. 

Madame Barrel, the mother of M, Odillon Biirrot, and 
MM. Ferdinand and Adolphe Barrot. died lately In 
Paris at the nge of 93 years. She was the widow of the 
M. Barrot who voted In the convention banishing Louis 
XVI, instead of beheading bim. 

Valuable Bequest. 

The late daughter of Madame Itoland, tho famous 
rcToIutlonary heroine, bequealhed ttie manuscripts of 
her motlier's memoirs to Ihe Imperial Library. Tbey 
have been deposited there. 
Mazzinl. 

Mawini ha.i wiltten a long letter, the objeot of which 
appears to bo to convince his followers that the Pied- 
moutcse monarchy can never give to them the unity tbey 

demand. 



MEW PUBLICATIONS. 

Wii,i) Spobts IK THE Far Wkst. By Frederick Obbs- 
TACKBB. Boston: Crosby, Nichols & Co. 12mo. pp. 

m. 1859. 

This work Is by a German, and la really o most vivid 
and exciiing picture of our western sports, and must 
prove particularly Interesting to our young people. It 
is issued in elegant style, and illustralcd by eight full 
paged engravings, colored in oil, from designs by Harri- 
son IVeir. 

Ui:srr.n, tbb Uomr-Spiiiit, A simpU Slory t>/ Hmisehald 
Lahor mill Ij<vr. By ELl/.ADE'rii DoTEN. JJostou : Abel 
Tompkins. 33 and 40 Cornhill. 

The name of the lady authoress of thi.s plea.sant little 
volume is a fufiicient guarantee for Its excellence, while 
a glance at its clear and well-printed pages shows us a 
story of exetedieg beauty, BUd life-like truthfulness, 
simple, impTC'slve aud nslural It forms a volume pecu- 
liarly adapted to Sunday School lihraiics. 

Poems. By FaASCrs Anne Kemdli, Boston 1 Ticknor 
& Fields. 12mo. pp. 312, 1S50. 

Our Boston publishers have clothed the productions 
of Mrs. Kemblo's mufe in an esquisile garb, which great- 
ly enhances (he plea.?ure of reading them. In these 
poems ft vaf t range of subjects is treated with versatility, 
powernnd the fire of true genius. The Hngcr writes 
powerfully, hciause she has felt deeply, while her warm 
sympathies with the beautiful and true impart a grace to 
every line. The versiflciLlion shows her u mistreu of ail. 

Tbr Modern- Cook. By CnaittEs Elme Francvtelu. 
Philadelphia: T. B- Teterson & yrotbcrs. 8vo. pp. 

This fino volume, writleu by a pupil of the famous 
Caremo. and late chief cook lo Queen Victoria, is a per- 
fect eneyelopedia ol French cookery, minute in its de- 
tails, and illu.strnled by jiixty-two engmvlngN. It has 
gone through nine editions iu i^ndon. where rbe demand 
outruns the supply. Every housekeeper should have it. 
For sale by Croi^by, Nichols & Co. 

Mnsic. — " 100 Comic Songs. Mumo Bud Words." Such 
i.i the atlniclive title of a publiculion bv Oliver Dillon & 
Co., of this eilj , The selections are excellent anil com prife 
many valuublt copyright pieces, the whole ottoiding an 
tndUss fund of amukcmcnt for eccial clrelee. 



B.U.LOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



47 



Stiitorial fttclangc. 

The pleasing Life of Sir Philip Si»!ncr, just 
issued by Tioknor i Fields, was written Iiy Mrs. 

Snrnli M. Davis of Syracnse At OKliko^ih, 

Wis., OB Charlos Manin and his son, a bright Ind 
of six years, were looking at iho operations of n 
steamboat engine, the boy had his head rnugbt 
by a crank, that severed it inslanilv from tlic 
body. lie fell hack in the anns of his father, 
whose angtiish may he better imagined than 

described . The dcsreodants of General Israel 

Putnam have presented to the Putnam Phalanx 
of Ilurirord, a fine banner, benrinp a portrait of 

the old hero. A negro in Virginia last week 

rame ntar being suflbcaied to death by having, 
while asleep, a lot of tobacco, which was hoing 
heaped up, thrown upon him, amounting in 
weight to uSout a thuusund pounds. When die- 
covered he bad lost the entire use of his limbs 

and was siijiposcd to be dead. Deputy Mar- 

6hnl Tyler lias been held at Detroit to answer a 
charge of murder, for killing Captain Jones, of 

tho brig Concord. Tlie wife of Hon. Free/nan 

II. Morse, member of Congress from Baib, Me., 
fell upon an icy sidewalk a day or two since and 
Olio of her legs wjis broken badly by the 

fail. The author of Earnest Carroll, is stated 

by the Boston rnrrespondent of the New York 
Tribune to he Mr. Henry Grccnough of Cam- 
bridge. The village school district of Ded- 

ham, in the Spring, will erect a new school 

house, ot tlio cost of nearly 517,000, The 

Albany Itnickerbockcr says that, in consequence 
of the good sleighing in that city, the demand for 
hutTalo robes and rcd-cheuked girls will increase 

wonderfully. At the last session of the 

Recorder's Court in Chicago, twenty-eight men 

received passports to the state prison. Berang- 

er's library is about 10 be sold by auction. His 
library was very extensive, for all modern au- 
thors of repute sent him presentation copies of 
their works. Thiers, Lamartine, Lamennais, 
George Sand, Alexander Dumas, Michclet, 
Augustin Thierry, Casiinir Delavigne, Victor 
Hugo and many others, signed their names in 
their title page to complimentary lines dedicated 
to the great lyric poci of France. The high- 
est honors would appear too dearly bought to 

our honest men, if purchased by business, A 

farmer on the Wabash has made four hundred 
gallons of molasses from the sugar cane grown 
on a single acre of ground the past season. The 
molasses selling readily at fifty cents per gallon, 
gives him two hundred dollars as the return of 

bis crop on a single acre. An attempt to 

poison Ristori, the Italian actres.':, in a glass 
of water, was lately made at Reggio, Mo- 
dcna. Those nations whose moderation in- 
duces them to love peace, aro most formidable 

when they make war. The Sunday cvenitig 

services at the New York theatres attract crowds. 

These services aro free to all It is said that, 

throughout the world, thrco thousand persons 

are born and die every hour. A steam plough 

is now used on Prince Albert's farm near Wind- 
sor, and is said to work very well- The terri- 
ble and inexorable hardship of the rich, is the 

source of almost oil human misery. Madame 

Anna Bishop is giving concerts in London, 
She retains her good looks and sings as well as 

over. When once the crop of beneficence has 

been tasted, it appears so sweet that we always 

ding to it. A woman eighty years old was 

picked up in the streets of Providence lately, so 
much intoxicated that she could not help herself. 
In her pocket wa* found an empty rum bottle, 
and by hei side was a basket of cold victuals, 

which she had begged. Sonora is said to have 

one of the richest mineral regions in the known 

lYorld. It has been held in England, that if a 

railroad company take charge of a dog, and 
agree to deliver him at a certain place, they are 
answerable for his safety, even though he break 
the chain ny which his master has secured him ; 
further, that their ticket to the owner requiring 
that the dog should be securely fastened, is not 
such a special contract as would save them, as it 
is their duty to see that the fastening is se- 
cure. The census of Oregon .shows that there 

are 42,000 inhabitants and 9900 voters. The 

State of Arkansas will have nothing to do with 
banks or bank notes. Gold and silver are her 
carrenry. During the two last years the in- 
crease in her taxable property has been 
529,115.203; she owes but one debt, $CI 6,000, 
and that is not due before 1868; she is building 
railroads ; is establishing good aeliools ; makes 
nearly two hundred thousand bales of cotton, 
and has taxable property to the amount of 



$90,873.24?.. The females in Greenland, n 

quaint writer a!i»crt», wear necklaces made of 

links of tau^nges! A private letter from a 

citizen of Bath, Mc., now in England, says : 
" The ship owners near New C-a«t1e are trying 
to induce government to prohibit foreign vessels 
from engaging in the English roasting trade, and 
the carrying between England and her colonies 
because the United Stales will not allow Eng- 
lish vessels to compete in their coasting 
trade," A large quarry of slate has been dis- 
covered in Leeds, Lower Canada- In a recent 

case in KugLind, on the subject of the auction 
purchase of a horse, I.ord Campbell ^aid, that 
"if an owner bid at an auction, a real bidder, to 
whom the lot was knocked down, might avoid 
tho contract, on the ground that he had been im- 
posed upon, aud his bid forced up to an improper 

mark." A correspondent of the Philadelphia 

Press suggests that the $125,000 wanting to com- 
plete the purchase, for the nation, of Mount 
Vernon, should he supplied out of tho public 

revenue. Col. Alben Pike hunts wild grouse 

in tho Indian country west of Arkansas with a 
piece of artdlcry, a six pounder, which ho hauls 
into the prairie, loads with n pound of powder 
and a quarter of a bag of turkey and swan shot, 
and lets drive into the flocks at 200 yards, and 
never misses. In one shot he killed 3S, and 

crippled any number more. As an illustration 

of the rapidly growing demand for buiiinc!>s facili- 
ties in this city, it may bo mcniioucd that the 
houses on Bussey place, recently sold to make 
way for warehouses, were erected less than fit'iecn 
years ago, and it is a liltlo smgular that Mr. 
Bryant, llio architect » lio then drew a plim of tho 
houses, is now making plans of structures that 
are to take their place. 



CRAPE «RO« l\(i IN NEW YORK. 

Mr. Andrew Keisinger, a vine-dresser of forty 
years' experience, settled some years ago in the 
towu ot Pulteney, Steuben county, N. Y., and in 
lS.i4 procured from Ohio six thousaud cuttings 
of the Catawba grapo, which he planted, four Icet 
apart, on land well trenched and subsoilcd, 
aud in It^ST, from an area of less than an acre, 
pressed thrco hundred gallons of juice. Last 
spring he increased his area of grapo culture by 
an acre and a half, and from au acre of older vines 
(one-eighth only two years planted) pressed six 
hundred gallons ot juiec, beaido keeping four 
hundred pounds of grapes to show to buyers of 
cuttings the quality ol the Iruit. 



Weight OF A siilliun dollars is gold. 
In answer to the question " what is (ho weight of 
a million dollars in gold !" an othcer of tho mint 
calculates as loUows : Tho weight ol one mil- 
lion of dollars of United States currency iu gold, 
is 53,750 troy ounces. This makes 447'J pounds, 
2 ounces — or nearly two tons and a qutu'tcr, 
reckoning 200U pounds only to each ton. As 
weighty as this is, we have no doubt that if the 
amount were ottered to anybody who would lift 
ir, there would be enough persons tound ready 
to break their necks in the vain attempt. 



Munificent Liberality , — At the late meet- 
ing of the Alabama Baptist Convention at 
Gainsville, it was announced that Jeremiah H. 
Brown, Ksq., of Sumpter county, Alabama, 
would support us many as fifty one theological 
students at Howard College, allowing to each 
S250. This would make 512,750 a year given 
by this liberal gentleman. Howard College is a 
Bdptist Seminary at Marion. 

Veet oni.iGiNO — When the Khan of Tar- 
taiy has tiuisbed his horse-steaks, a herald pro- 
claims that all tho other princes ot the earth can 
go to dinner; when he becomes a little more 
civilized, we suppose the herald will be instruct- 
ed to cry out, be/oi-g dinner — " Gentlemen, don't 
wait lor nic !" 



PuOTOGRArmc Kngraviso. — Mr. Fox Tal- 
bot, the inventor of the well known " paper 
process" of photography, has just bceo invent- 
ing anew process of engraving by light on platca 
of copper, steel, or zinc. 

Gold Casals. — There have been built 4405 
miles of canals for gold-washing, in the Stafc of 
California, during the last dvc years. These ar- 
tificial Pactoluses pay well. 



Jdst so. — If a young lady bos a purse wiih 
two ends — silver in one end, and gold in the 
other— bhe is sure to open the gold end first. 



a^laijsitic <r«nt1)fringg. 

The Memoirs of Philip U.. by Prvi^ccitl. wilt, 
it is believed, extend to at least live vohimcs- 

Tho Cochin Chinese are said to have conceo- 
trated 100,000 men round Uto capital against Uio 
French and Spanish. 

The *um nf MOO has hc<'n npprrtpriatcd by tho 
city of Hartfonl for the suppon of the orphans in 
charge i»f tho Sisters of Morvy on Church Stn*ct. 

Tho island of Jamaica hns been lately visited 
by several severe tempests, by which consid- 
erable property has been injured and crops 
destroyed. 

There arc now thirty-six const snn'ey panics 
in the field and afloat — on the Atlauiic coast, 
ciirhtccn ; on the Gulf coast, twelve ; and on tho 
Pacific coast, six. 

The monument which the State of Louisiana 
is erecting on the New Orleans battle ground, 
lia« now reached the height of CO feet. It is of 
white marble, and will be 150 feet high when 
coinjilctcd. 

A Iftdv in Danbury, Conn., reccnily claimed 
$6000 liauiages from a gentleman for having 
kissed her. Tho gentleman, however, concluded 
it would be cheaper to he married at once, and 
healed the breach without the aid of tho lawyers. 

At a recent meeting of the corponilion of 
Yale College, Gov. Buckingham, who is cx- 
oflicio a member of the corjmnition, tendered 
to the treasurer a draft oa tho State treasury for 
his salary a.1 governor, $1100, during this year. 

Mr. A. Batrett, of IIondDrion, Ky., has 
shipped at Ireland for America almont all tho 
prize stock he could got from tho lato royal shows 
in Knj;land and JVancc. The entire stock is 
valued at XliOOO. Tho freight alone will cost 
XI 000. 

Ill tho case tried at Jersey City, when tho 
question was raised whether the wardrobe of tho 
wife could be sold to satisfy a claim against the 
husband, the jury disagreed. It is understood 
that ten were against tho legality ot fiitch a claim 
aud two for it. 

Charles lyRmb has always been highly appre- 
ciated in this country. At a sale ol autographs 
ill New York, tho first leaf of a letter, addru-sscd 
by liitti to Mrs. Shelley, sold for six dollars, ami 
tlic purchaser had made up his mind to givo 
twelve rather than bo disappointed. 

The New York Albion says: "Tho 'gems' 
of American engraving are to he found on those 
little dirty foubsnielling bits of paper, some of 
which you must part with when you purchase 
- vour holiday gifts." There's a compliment for 
Isaac Cary, Esq. 

In Sacramento and San Francisco indictments 
were being found against professional gamblers, 
and they were generally fleeing to escape arrest. 
Many of the worst of tho tribo had made good 
their escape to tho South and to New York by 
the latcf-t steamer. 

There is said to be a man in Fairhaven, Mnss., 
wfio employs several hundred liens, for their 
" board and clothes," to lay eggs for him, from 
the proceeds of whose labor he derives a hand- 
some support, and is enabled to lay olf and play 
tho gentleman. 

A heavy load of freight waa received recently 
at the Lvnchburg depot of tho Virginia an<l Ten- 
nessee riailroad, from the west, comprising six 
cars of wheat, 1302 bushels; thirteen cars of 
hogs, 182,000 poundi; one car of flour, C4 bar- 
rels ; nine cars of miscellaneous, 120,000 pounds. 

Three children of Joshua Jackson, of Brown 
county, Texas, were lately captured by the In- 
dians. The two youngest, a boy of eleven and 
a girl of nine, succeeded in escaping; but the 
third, a girl of fourteen years of ago, was killed 
and scalped by her captors. 

It is said that a locomotive in Cincinnati, com- 
ing in violent contact with another engine, was 
started along with snch force and velocity that it 
hounded through an eighteen inch brick wall, 
timbers and all, leaped across the road tracks, 
and brought up in a huge pile of coal in a yard 
adjoining. 

In Detroit, Michigan, two German emigrants, 
brothers-in-law, named Miller and Chocner, quar- 
relled about the influence exerted by one over tho 
other in bringing him to this country, and the 
disastrous results. Exasperated at last beyond 
endurance. Miller seiwd a gun, fired it, and 
killed Choencr instantly. 

The Atlantic cable, says the New York Times, 
seems fairly to have given up the ghost. Wo 
have no news whatever about it now either from 
DeSautyor Saward. The offices at Valcniia 
Bav, which appear to have been the head- 
quarters, aro cloptd for the prcecni ; and all at- 
tempts at carrying on the working seems to be 
suspended. 

S. J. Stanwood, who has but one leg and uses 
a crutch, teaching school at Biingcrnuck, a dis- 
trict in Brunswick, Me., was assaulted by a pu- 
pil about 18 years old whom he attcmptctf to 
keep ufier school as long as he had absented 
himself over time at recess. The assailant seized 
the teacher's crutch, knocked him doMu with it 
and beat him severely over the head. 

In East Corinth, Mc., just as the people were 
going to church, the alarm was given that a bear 
was making free with a neighbor's sheepfold. 
Leaving the women in care of the deacons, the 
males of the three denominations of churches 
went in pursuit of Bruin, and after a long chase 
and hard struggle succeeded in despatching hiin. 
The "varmint" weighed over two hundred 
puuodj. 



SantiB of er.ollj. 



Thouchts that do often lie too deep for 

tcan. — Wm-Hfuvrth. 

No accusation should ho advanced ex- 
cept upon proof probably sufBcient to sustain it. 
Botrr. 

.... The only real thing on earth, I have 
always felt, was love ; love^nndcr all its forms. 
lAiiiiiirliiii'. 

.... The world is the best book of women ; 
when ihcv read ill in it. it i.s their fault or Runio 
passion blinds them.— /'iiii-wriJii. 

Folly bears morv commentator* than 
wisdom perhaps bccan^o her works are more nu- 
merous. — lioift. 

Women aro indebted tout forlho grcnicr 

part of their faults; wo are indebted to them for 
most of our good qualities.— ( harlrt Ixvirstr. 

... Tho merit of women is never more con- 
spicuous than ufkcr the honeymoon. We must 
marry ihcm to know nhat they ate worth.— Jran 
Pmd, 

.... That which 1 have found the best recre- 
ation, both to my mind and body, wheniioevcr 
either of tbrin stands in need o^ it, id music. 
liiahnp Iitftridij<'. 

With women immorality almost always 
springs from tho din-st neccj-sity, whereas with 
men it always comes from a vicious Inclin- 
ation. — Mmnt. 

.... There is a corporeal tightness which all 
men have experienced at the moment wlion first 
love has trant>rerred their life to auollicr being* 

liilhilC. 

.... We are tau^ilit to clolho oar minds as wo 
do our tiodies, after the fashion in vogue ; and it is 
accounted faiitamicalncts, or something worse, 
not to do so. — hx kt. 

.... A^k a man for proiociion or assistance, 
that instant you make out hii indictment, unless 
'twas impossible lor him to have discovered thai 
you stood in need of either. — y.immtt miiun. 

.... Love is like what is called ilio Milky 
Way in heaven, a brilliitut maps formed by ttiou- 
i^ands of liltlo stars, of which each porfmps is 
nubulous. — /Jfy/r Stnitiliiif. 

. . - Armies, though always the supporters and 
tools of idisulutu power, fur tho tlmo being, ore 
always the destroyers of it, too ; tiy frequontlj 
changing tho liands in which they ttiink proper 
to lodge it. — ClitfUrjitlil. 

There exists in the consolation n'ven by n 

woman, a delicacy which tias always something 
mottierly, far Bipbtcd and cumplele; but when, 
to tho*c words of peace and hope are joined ttio 
grace of ge*tni-e, that eloqnencu of love which 
goes to the heart, and paiticularty when tlie 
benefactrexs is bcnntifut, it is impossible to 
resist. — Uahctc. 



Jotter's UutTQct. 



An advertisement in a provincial jiaper begin* 
thus: " To let for ever, or longer, if required," 

A correspondent wants to know whether, con- 
sidering ttie great utility of the ocean, poets are 
not wrong to call it " u waste of water I" 

The man who undertook to blaxt his neigh- 
bor's prospects, ased too short a fuse, and goi 
lilown up himself. 

CuritMiitif wanted. — 1. A handle for a Wodo of 
grass. 2. A letter written with a cow pen. 9. 
A feather from Iho wing of a hospilal. 

The man who "took a walk " the other day, 
brought it back again ; but tlio next day he look 
a ride, and has not since been heard ol. 

A brother editor tells nn that when ho was in 
prison fur libelling a justice of the peace, he was 
requested by the jailor to give the prison a puD'. 

A wag once remarked with a vcrygravo coun- 
tenance, that, however prudent and virtuous 
young widows might be, he had seen many a 
widow- err." 

A Hottentot got np a painting of heaven. It 
was inclosed with a fence made of sausages, wliile 
the counter was occupied with a fouuiain that 
sent forth po^pie. 

A retired schoolmaster oxcnpcs his passion for 
angling by saying that, from constant habit, ho 
never feels quite TiimBcIf unless he's handling the 
rod. 

A theological writer concludes that Noah's 
Ark, as none of the ancient paintings ot it ex- 
hibit any paddle-wheels, mnst liave been a screw 
propeller. 

A young clergyman who found it imposiible 
to provide for himself and f amily with his very 
slender income, wrote to his friend, "Dear 
Frank, I must part with my living to save my 
life." 

In a convention of females, wc have no doubt 
but whatever is voted upon is always passed by 
a lianfls'iiiir majority L'pon the iiuesiion of 
matrimony, there is no fear of its over being pro- 
nounced a tie. 

Voltaire had a perfect horror of inquisitive 

fersons. Uo said to one of these pumpirs, " Sir, 
am delighted to see vou, hut I givo you fair 
waniing, 1 know nothing about what you oro 
going to ask, mo." 

A druggist sent his Irish porter into b dark- 
ened cellar ; soon after, hearing a noise, he went 
to tho opening and called out, "Patrick, keep 
your eyes skinned!" " Och I divil an eye," 
roared l*ai, " but it's my noeo that's skint 
entirely-" 



BALLOU'S 



PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMTANIGN^ 




STIUiET FUUNIAIN LN ALGIERS. 



FOUNTAIN IN THE SMALL SQUARE, ALGIEKS. 



Fm'NT\!N9 IN ALGIERS. 

Wo prcsoiit Iii'TPwith akotrhcs of two foiintainB 
in AI(,'iorf . bk iiitcrcsling spccimenB of Moorish 
fln hituctiirc Tlio most ornamental fountain of 
the two is in tho Court of the Troaflury— for- 
merly the Barracks of the Junisaiinos. It is al- 
most tho only one of il^ kind now romaininp in 
AlRiere. It consiNts of fl fitonu tank, with a mar- 



ble basin in the centre, and has a conduit ronnd 
it, and is covered with a kind ot ciinopy, c-onsisl- 
ing of a dome supported hy four columns, and 
round tho dome a sloping tiled roof projects, 
which is upheld at each corner by a column. 
Tho tiles are painted green, the woodwork a 
bright yellow, and the columns red and green. 
Algiers has heretofore been without good water. 



MONASTERY OF CETINJE, MONTENEGRO. 

Tho spirited scene below represents a group 
of Montenegrins engaged in making cartridges 
in a cloister of the old monastery at Centinjo, or 
Cetinje, the capital of Montenegro. The iocnr- 
Bione'of the Turks into their little independent 
country, the bloody struggles that ensued, and 
tho stir the affair created in European cabinets, 



must be fresh in the minds of onr readers. Mon- 
tenegro (literally "Black Mountain"), is an 
independent country of European Turkey, under 
the protection of Russia, hounded east by Herze- 
govina and Austrian Albania, and on the other 
sides by Turkish Albania. Its ruler, the Vladika, 
is high priest, civil governor, and commander- 
in-chief of the army, which is well organized. 




A CLOlSTtK UN THE MONASTERr OF CETIWJE....JJOi\TENEGRl>'S MAKING CARTRIDGES. 



M. M. BALLOU.IwinSstr^ft. BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 22, 1859. faS^ER'SmfM.! Vol. XVI.. No. 4 Wkol. No. 396. 



HON. CHARLES HALE, 

SptaSnT of the lila&sachusrits Hmw of Repi^^fntaliffX. 

The accom panyinji portrait was drawn express- 
ly for UB by Homer from a photograph recently 
taken by fir. S. Masury,289 Wasliington Street, 
and has been engraved by Pierce. The subject 
of our sketch was bom in Boston, June /, 1831, 
Rnd is consequently in his 28th year. Ho is the 
youngest son of Hon. Nathan Hale (son of Rev. 
iBnoch Hale of Westhampton, Massachusetts, 
and nephew of Nathan Halo, the " patriot npy " 
of the Revolution) and Sarah Preston Everett, 
sister of Edward Evorott. After receiving the 
usual course of instroction at several excellent 
private schools, ho entered the Winthrop Public 
School. &n<i afterwards the Public Latin, where 
he distinguished himself by his diligence and 
ability, and where he received the Franklin 
medal in 1846. He forthwith joined the Fresh- 
man class in Harvard College, and graduated in 
regular course in 1850. We next find hina en- 
gaged as usher in the Public Latin School, and 
while thus occupied he established 
a weekly literary paper, entitled 
"To-day," which was well con- 
ducted and respectably successful. 
It contained raanyspinted and val- 
uable papers from the pen of the 
editor and other writers, chiefly 
young men like himself just com- 
mencing their career. This publi- 
cation was discontinued, however, 
at the expiration of the first year, 
1 8.^2, and Charles joined his father, 
Hon. Nathan Halo, in the conduct 
of the Boston Daily Advertiser, 
the oldest daily paper in the city, 
having been in the hands of the 
senior editor since 1814. Several 
other establish men t« have been 
from time to lime merged in the 
Advertiser, such as the Patriot, 
Chronicle, Gazette and Centinel. 
The paper has always maintained 
a high character as a first-class 
commercial journal, distinguished 
moreover bj- the excellence of its 
editorial articles and the accuracy 
of its information. In the latter 
respect we know of no sheet 
that for so great a length of time 
has exhibited more scnipulous care 
in the collation and statement of 
news. It has never published fly- 
ing rumors one day, to be followed 
by retractions or explanations the 
next, and has thus become stand- 
ard authority, and acquired an his- 
torical value ns a faithful record of 
the times. The same caution haa 
been exercised in treating of new 
enterprises and projects, yet no^ 
withstanding its conservative char- 
acter, no one can fairly charge it 
with having been in the rear ot the 
great movements of the ago who 
remembers that it was the pioneer 
of the railroads of this country, and 
that the learned and elaborate arti- 
cles dedicated to that enterprise in 
its columns wonld fill volumes. 
Since the youthful energy and ac- 
tivity of the junior editor have 
been added to the learning and ex- 
perience of the senior, it lias fully 
kept pace with the ever-advancing 
standard of journalism and the 
growing wanW of the public. We 
consider Mr. Charles Hale as one 
of the most hard-working of that 
proverbially hard-working class of 
men, the daily editors. He is thor- 
oughly versed in all the details of 
. nflwspaperdom, editorial, business 
and mechanical. He can even set 
type upon occasion, having when a 
school boy learne<I to do so as an 
amusement. There are occasions 
when the art of Fuust does an 
editor yeoman's service. It has 
recently been announced that Mr. 
Charles Hale has completed, at an 
expense of S40,000, the re-pur- 
chose of half of the property, 
which had previously passed out of 
the hands of the family, but is now 
reclaimed. The vanous depart- 
ments of the paper are now in able 
hands ; and it has an excellent 
corps of correspondents, foreign 



end domestic The political life of Mr. Hale 
began in 1855. when ho was elecicd a member of 
the legislature of 1856, as one of the representa- 
tives of the city of Boston. Ho has been three 
times re elected, and is accordingly now entering 
on his fourth legislative term. In these days of 
"rotation," four years is a tolerably long ser- 
vice, and when we consider that ho has been reg- 
ularly employed as a reporter of legislative do- 
bates for a portion of every year, with two ex- 
ceptions, from 1846 uutil the time ho entered the 
House as a member, we need not bo surprised 
that, although young in years, he has boon re- 
garded as possessed of sufficient experience to 
mduce the House to elect hiiu as their speaker, 
by a strong vole, nearly ooo half of the opposi- 
tion uniting with all ibo members of his own 
parly in giving him their suffrages. He received 
185 against 17 for all others. He is the young- 
est speaker which the House has ever had, being 
only about 28 years of age. We have no doubt 
that Mr. Hale will fill Uie oniinont position to 



which he has been elected with honor and suc- 
cess. He is thoroughly ver«od in parliamoniary 
rules, prompt, Cftutiou* and impartial, and is 
well posted on all the subjects which will be like- 
ly to engage the attention of the House. As a 
member, his logislativo career has been marked 
by indef.iiigable industry, by business ability, 
and by great and varied political knowledge. 
Ho is a tluout and forcible speaker, and a fear, 
less and ready debater. Among the public ob- 
jects in the promotion of which Mr. Hale has 
felt a deep interest in the improvement in tho 
Buck Bay. Ho has recently been appointed one 
of tho three Hack Hay Commissionors, tho other 
two being Franklin Haven, and E. C, Purdy. 
Tho " Buck Bay," so called, lies iu tho bend 
which Charles River mako4 in the peninsula on 
which Boston is built, before its waters pass to 
the north and east of the city. The mill-dam, 
for the purpose of forming a water-power and a 
roadway, wa* built about (iftv years since. In 
1814 the legislature granted the mill corporation 




HON. CII.ARLES M.VLt; Si' AKtR OF THE IIOUSIC, M.VS8ACHDSBTTS LEGifiLATLRt 



the perpetual right of flowage over the (lata eo* 

rlosod hy tho milUlum, the State retaining th« 
foe simple of such Oats as were below low-water 
mark, oi 1650 foot below high-watermark. " Id 
1852," as wo learn from a published statement 
of Mr. Halo, " tho State took tho first steps to- 
wards the impnivenient of its property in flats, 
for its own benefit, by tho passage of rwsolvcs 
(May ao. lliSi). for the appoinimont of three 
commissioners, witii full power to ilolermine and 
adjust the righu of tho State, and of all other 
parties and claimants in the lands and flats of 
tho Back Ba^, and to devise a plan fur improT- 
ing the torntury. changing its uses from mill 
purpOHOs to land purposes, for fllling it up, lay- 
ing it out in propor squnron, etc. No money at 
that time, or at any subseqount time, has boon 
placed by the legisiaturc at the disposal of the 
commissioners for carrying on the ini prove ntoot. 
They have been rontincd to such arrangomcnta 
OS thov could make by giving a part of the pro- 
perty Itself in exchange for such valuable inter- 
<wti ns it was nocessary to give, or 
for such improvements as have 
been made. All tliat has been 
done, acciirdiugly, has hoen dono 
without the cxpondltttfo of a single 
cent from tlie State treasury, ex 
cept fur the comjionsuiion of the 
commissioners during tho first five 
years, which amounted, altogether, 
to less than one iliotisand dollars 
per annum for tliat hv'uif period. 
Eveo tlie small sums required on 
this account arc now paid fiom the 
fund di'rived from the proceeds of 
Miles, an that the prosecution of tho 
taiprovenieiit, while bringing sub- 
stantial rfsulu to tho Slate. ontaiU 
no liurdon whatever upon Its re- 
aoarres." In IS.'ifi (the first v«ar 
of his legislative service), Mr. Oalo 
was appointed up<m a special com- 
mittw which sat during t'm rccffls 
to prosecute tho cntcrpiist in behalf 
rf tho State. Tlio resolve for the 
•ppointment of this commiltoe met 
with great opposition, so skeptical 
was tho legislature of the fi'a»ibility 
of ilie undertaking. As lato as 
May, 18.')7, a prominent member of 
the llouM" declared in a debate 
upon a bill granting necessary 
powers, ihiit he did nol believe the 
whole territory belonging to tho 
Slate in the Back Bay wonld sell 
for enough to pay the salaries of 
the commissioners. Mr. Hale was 
Appointed one of the commission- 
ers in September, 1858, and ba< 
einco labored tndefutifjably in the 
discharge of the duucs devolved 
on him. The sales already made, 
mostiv since the lust mentioned 
dale, " have netted tI8",("tO, of 
which more than oncquarter has 
Ijceo deposited in the State treasury 
in cash and the balance in good 
notes, besides paying for 1305,000 
worth of filling. The whole quan- 
tity of earth and gravel filled in, 
according to exact meatiurcments 
and computations, amounted, on 
tho first day of November, 1858, to 
nearly one hundred and twenty 
tliottsand cubic yards. The mate- 
rial used is brought Uom gravel 
beds in Needham, a disinnce of 
nine miles, first by ihe ("bmles 
Kiver Branch Railroad to B ook- 
lino, and thence by a special irnck 
built for this service parallil with 
Ihfl Brookline branch, Worcister 
and Providence Railroad Tho 
conlractori have provided in am- 
ple equipment, and tlicir i Hrs run 
night and day, Sundays ixiepied. 
It is now conceded that ibc dear 
profit lo the State from sales in the 
Back Buy will be somewhere be- 
tween two and five millions of dol- 
lars. This enormous ptcuninrv 
gain resulting from property which 
Mr. Hale and others found it difti- 
colt to persuade the legislature was 
not abaolotely worthless, will en- 
large the conirac'cd area of Boston 
to a gnat extent, and tend to reduce 
the excessive burden of house renU 
by increasing the namber of bouses . 



FALLOUTS 



WCTOllIAL DllAWING-llOOMJOMI^^MON. 



[Wrillni tor RiHou'f V)i-U>rM J 
— nil, — 

THE FALSE HEIR. 

A titOTT of Ihv B'rr ». I. »"■' «il.li""> " 

jir Sinn. c.\KOj-i«a oJtuJi. 

[C05TII*DS»*1 

CHAPTKK IX. 

JJ, n roforcncu lo Iji*lory, il will he accn lhat 
tl.e i..vi.nIilion nKuinsl llt'^ pi inci)-"! In'I'i'H ">»■" 
,,11 iho AllcKlmiiy provcJ Miprcshful. Tlio lo^vn 
WHS (k'Hinjycd, Ihc cliicfd slain. »iul « inimbcr of 
priaoncr^ rclc.i'c.l, l..krn I7 tl.o wnviigc* .Inrrng 
their prcaalory cxntmum nf^nin^t. rho unpro- 
lorietl in(ml.il«nls of ll.o Imnlcr, to Mi fi.ej 
were iiiriicd by ilic FrcnHi, 

Tiro iM.liunf, who f..uyl.l M ^rcnt I-mvcry. 
rffiificJ (|.>uricr wlicii it wa.. fllcrcd tl.cm ; wlitlc 
llioir irreK-il'ir niorlo of ivarfaro romr-cllcl the 
Knclisi- ii'Hl piovinciiilH, in fl maisnrti, fo .U-pnrt 
Jrym thasc more onlorly mclliods resiilling from 
military ilisi:ipIiiio. 

Anven. with nn finloi- timt showed that ho WflB 
.itbcr ipnoranl or forgHful that " Am-mUm i« 
tlio bcller purl of valor," [lirt-w liiniHclf into tlio 
thirUol of the fltrht. Tltero )iu .o,.n mwl in a 
hnnd-to bnntlcnconnierwilh one of ihc Inrlinn 
l.ravCH. Tbou«li not cqnal iti strcngili to his 
cavnye foe, he proved, in other respects, lo bo 
moru Ibnn hift mutch. 

At tbii moiTiPnt, howcrcr, he hud so disnblcd 
him as 10 put it out of his power to do him fiir- 
ilior harm, a hnlt-bct cinno -n lii/iiirK lltroiigh the 
air, which h.id been thrown with an oiin ho true, 
lhal it mnHt hnvo l>nncd ilH glUtonnp ciIkb in his 
brain, had It not been liirntd nsiito by a t'low 
from a quick and friendly hand. Yil, timely aa 
was the aid, it wna rendered at Bueb disndvan- 
ingo. III not to bo entirely Biicccssfal, ihc deadly 
misHilc not bavin;; been so Clilircly diverted from 
iiB ronrso, aa to prevent a danKcrons, ihongh, as 
there was reason to hope, not a mortal wound. 

Forlunatoly, the attention oi those Indians 
near had been diverted to n difTtrenl point, so 
lis to Rivo the friendly soldier a rbance to bnnd- 
iigO the wounil, which was a little iibovohifi tem- 
].lo and bleeding profusely, with his liandker- 
ibief. JJe then, ihoiiyh Anvors was dizzy from 
Iho eflccts of llichlow, iind fiiint from llic loss of 
blood, fiurcceded in supporlinR liim to a spot of 
romparalive safely, and in placing him in n hall 
recimibeul position so that ho could lean oyninst 
n tree. 

"I mnst leave yon now," flnid the soldier, 
" Iml will return the moment I can, and with the 
mcanH, if jiossiblc, to convey you lo my homo, 
or any other place which yon may prefer." 

" Yc3, go," replied Anvers. " Your duty 
culls you eUowhere." 

" I (.han't lie pone long, I think. Already the 
eavagca nro beginning to fly." 

" You are right. 1 hear their cries of ragn and 
dchpair." 

As the soldier turned to go, t-evcral lioi-semen 
came dashing along at a hard gallop, (.>ne of 
iheni, when he saw Anverp, checked bin horse, 
and lurntid towards the spot ^>llero ho was 
reclining. 

" Is ihia you, Anvers V said ho, throwing him- 
eolf from bis hor.so, 

" Yes, Clayton. How gooa tlie battle — for, or 
ogainst us V 

"For us; or nilher I may say, it is already 
won, and what is bcsl of nil, eleven ])ri.'oner9 are 
set at liberty, who in a few days were to be burnt, 
aftor first l)eiag subjeclcd to the most horrible 
torture. You ari wounded !" 

"Yc«," ho replied, "and carao near heing 
killed. I owe my life to him," he added, indi- 
rating the man who hud saved him, and who, 
when ho found thai the enemy were delcated, was 
in no hurry to go. 

" Your wound is not dangerou", I trust," said 
Clayton. 

"Not incuruWo, I think," said the soldier, 
.'peaking fur the first time, .since Clayton joined 
them ; but it will lo best lor him 10 be under 
shelter before night comes on." 

' Do you know of any place near here, where 
he can lo accommodated 

"None nearer llitiii my own boujc, which is 
seven miles distant. Though rough, ii is com- 
lortable, and since there is no place ncaicr ami 



b.„er tUl he «n go lo. I cldim the pfif. ege of 
ii, being <"nvc«dl6Iibcr,«heic my W,Tc and 
mother will lake ex. client c.rer.l htm. ' 

■' I can a*k fvt nothing belter, 1 am mrc, bbi'I 
Anvcrjt. 

•■ It h the bc.1t thing that ran I>c (lone, cor- 
rninly." rcfuarkcd Clayton, "flinPC your homo 
and friendd arc so di..!tiint." 

No timo wu« loHl, ibcrcforo, in looking about 
forsome mciins of conveyaiicc-for he wn« m-t 
in a sitmition to attempt riding lior^cback-and 
flfuir Home little delay n plucc was found for him 
in a bnggngc cnrr, which wonld pa.^8 near the 
place where h« wished to go. 

Will you bear ns company ?" said (he soldier 
to Chiyton. " iMy name is Walter Clinc-a 
name that was kno^vn to be nn honest one m 
old Knglond. Though I've nothing bnt the 
sheher of a thatched roof to offer you, it is a bet- 
ter covering than the bine sky, when the hcary 
dews are fulling au'l (''"c arc few of the three 
hundred men bolonging to our |.arty who will 
find any oilier tonight." 

" ] shonid like to go," he replied, "so that I 
nmy know how my f-iend finds himself in the 
morning. Bnt first. I wi.^h to opcak to one of 
my Miperior ofliccrs. In a few minnles I shall 
overtake you." 

The boat of the wcalhcr, and the jotting of the 
boggftgc cart over ibo rough road, had not proved 
very propitious in their etfecl, and when a little 
oficr sundown they arrived within sight of a log 
house, Anvera was found to be fdvcrisb, and a 
little wandering. 

" I'm glnd we've got no rarlhcr to go," said 
dine, as with the help of Clayton, he lifted An- 
vers from the carl. 

Two women, the wife and mother of Clino, 
came forward to meet them, showing by tlioir 
looks, rnlher than their words, how glad and 
thankful they were, that he, who went forth in 
the morning to volunteer his services, had re- 
turned unharmed. 

" Who b.nvo you bore. Waller?" inquired bis 
mother, in an agitated voice, and at the same 
lime, turning pale. 

" Lieutenant Anvers, I think you called him," 
said ho to Clnylon. 

" Yes." 

" Yon are certain that that is his namol" said 
Mrs. Cline. 

" I am— wc were achoolboyB together." 
She said nothing more, and as soon as Anvci-s 
woa placed on the bed, assisted by licr.scm'8 wife, 
she proceeded to dress his wound, the border 
wars having given her no little practical experi- 
ence and akill in the art of surgery. She then, 
though he ajipeared quiet and comfortable, con- 
tinued 10 hover near him, as if attracted by some 
secret iiiHucncc, which she did not caro to make 
known. Watching an . opportunity she spoke to 
her sou aside. 

" I will sit by the patient's bedside to-iright," 
said she, "but if you are not too tired, I should 
like to have a little conversation with you, afier 
ibe others have retired." 

An hour Inter, the mother .md son were alono 
with Anvers. 

" lie is asleep," said Mrs. Clino, "and if wo 
fit in this remote corner of the room, aud speak 
low. wc shan't disturb him." 

" You of cour.ie of)cu recall the time when yon 
so narrowly escaped being taken by the press- 
gang," said she. 

" I cannot furgct it, oven for n single day, as 
long as I remember anything," he replied. 

"But yon never knew thul il was llamish 
Braxon who pointed yon out to their nolicel" 

•' On the contrary, I thought I owed my escape 
to him." 

"And CO you did, contradictory us what I 
have told yon may seem." 

" If ho was the .informer, why should he take 
the ii-oublo ho did, lo prevent me from being 
taken T' 

" lie had n ]inrpose of his own to serve. He 
put them on your track, and then to buy my si- 
lence relative to nQOthcr mttlter, promised me 
thai he would save you from them." 

" It mu.'l have been some powerful motive, 
which urged him to take so much trouble." 

" It was, and has proved to be a bitter drop in 
iny cup, ever since." 

" Surely, my mother, it cannot bo that you, 
who have always been so good, could do aught 
that should embitter your lile." 

" 1 was to blame for giving him the p!X>misc 
that I did. And yet — may Heaven foi-givc 
mo— were il to do again, 1 am afraid lhal I 
couldu'l withstand the lemptalion, for it wiis 



nei.h,r silver nor gold that wa. at »""^^ 



liberty of you, my son-niy only ci 
fu.cd till the press-gang was at the door, and 
then, when fixing upon me his S 
eyes he .aid. ' Give mc the prom..e I demand, 
or yon have seen your son for the la.l fme .he 
wonla. ' I will-lmvc it all your own « ay. broke 
frommylipa. The nc«t in..iant, the men were m 
the room. It wn. (00 Ime to recall my promise 

" IJut wlmt was thi9 dreadful promise, mother . 
You haven't told mo yet." 

-You know Mr. Danbridgc, n^cr the death 
of his wif...engngcd me to lake care of his child. 

-Yes, and I, myself, can testify that the few 
years he was suffered 10 remain with you, yon 
hiithfullv performed your duly." 

" Waiter, it wasn't Mr. Danbridgc's son I had 

the care of." 

" While with you, and afterward, he was called 

Percy Panbridge." 

"But should havehcen called Kobcrt Braxon, 
which wa,-j his true name." 

" Can il be possible?" 
It is even so. The child of Hamish Braxon 
has been made to pass for Mr. Panbridge's son." 

" And what became of his own son ?" 

" Affcr I sent.him away, as I then believed by 
Mr. Danbridge's order, I lost sight of him, such 
cautious inquiries as, from timo to time, I ven- 
tured to make concerning him being uusucccas- 
t'ul. Braxon loUl me that he was dead. I have 
no doid)t but that he took measures to have him 
put out of the way, and supposed that those he 
had employed for that purpose had made thor- 
ough work of it; but, somehow, I could never 
bring myself to believe that he wasn't still alive. 
Now I kuow that he is." 

" Know ?" 

" Yes ; the real Tcrcy Danbridge lies there, on 
that bed." 

" I would give every penny I'm worth in the 
world, to bo certain of it," said Walter Clino, 
much excited. 

" Yoo may bo as certain of it as you arc of 
your own existence." 

"But what proof is there that it is he ?" 

" He carries the proof in his own person. It 
is written in every feature of his face. What his 
father was at hU age, he is now." 

" For all that, I'm afraid that other proof of 
his identity besides his resemblance to Mr. Dan- 
bridge will be required, should he attempt to 
claim his rights." 

" And it will be found. Braxon has dug n 
pit, and will fall into it." 

" I?o yon think it would have been wrong if 
you had bi-oken the promise extorted from yon, 
and given Mr. Danbridge a faint respecting the 
fraud that had been practised V 

" There were times when I thought it wouldn't 
bo, and during one of these, I wrote to him a 
full account, as far as I knew, of what Braxon 
had done." 

" And what was iho result?" 

" He took 110 notice of it." 

" I don'l believe the letter ever reached him." 

" It might not." 

"We m.iy safely conclude that it never did. 
The bare possibility of such a fraud would have 
carried him back to England. It was easy for 
Braxon to keep an eye on your nmvcmonts. One 
so wary as he is, would hardly neglect it. De- 
pend on it, that the letter fell into his hands.'" 

" I have more than once thought that it might, 
and yet, nfrer the means 1 had taken to prevent 
it, I couldn't see how it was possible," 

" If Mr. Danbridge did receive it, it will ex- 
onerate you from bhimc, stiould ho, hereafter, 
become satisfied of the imposition which has 
been practised upon him." 

"llo has been imposed upon in more ways 
than one." 

'• How?" 

"The largo sums rcmillcd for his supposed 
son's educaiion, were mostly spent by Braxon. 
The boy used a great part of the time lo lead an 
idle, vagabond lifi;." 

"Yes, I remember well seeing him with a 
band of gipseys, several times, where he appear- 
ed quite at home, and happy." 

" And wos, no doubt. But wc will dismiss 
the subject for lo-night. You need rest. 

" One word more. Shall you sny anything to 
him about it I Anvers, 1 mean, as he calls 
himself." 

" In his present feverish stale, certainly not. 
The cxcilemcnt caused by such a disclosure, 
might endanger his life." 

" Which, I moil devoutly wl^h, may bu 
prci^crvcd." 



CHAPTER X- 
AT!Bir.\L OF draXot Aif»» nif PVT- *T -Mrti 

i-LAKTATH'.V. 

Wlttt arrived within sight of the Danbridge 
plantation. Braxon realiWihut to meet its own- 
cr, needed all the audacity and cool impudence 
he was master of. or he would fjil to preserve 
the perfect self pos>ession which wonld enable 
him 10 neilhcr over-act bi^ part, or full short of 
what would he just and proper. 

If lifl wos unea.sy on his own account, his 
anxiety was still greater iw regarded his compan- 
ion. He was conscious that he wnK neither in 
person nor manners' what would be likely to 
come up to ihe expectations of a father who had 
expended lavish sums that he might enjoy the 
best educational advantages. 

It must have been the foul fiend that sent 
him there," he muttered half aloud.as bethought 
of the meeting which had already taken place 
between Mr. Danbridge and his real son, who 
was, aa ho bitterly contesscd to himself, nil that 
a father could desire. 

From time to time, he glanced uneasily to- 
wards the young man by his side, who presented 
that careless, nonchalant air natural to ono 
whose sensibilities have lain dormant for want 
of an object fo exercise them on, and who was 
too indolent to wish to take any responsibility 
on himself, while the pair of broad shoulders 
were at h.md, which hitherto had been so ready, 
and even eager, to assume the burden. 

Pcrcv," said Braxon, when the first glimpse 
of the mansion appeared through the treca. 
Well." 

I wish when yon and Mr. Danbridge meet, 
that you would try to api>ear as a son should, 
who sees his father for the firat time since his 
remembrance." 
"How is thntl" 
"Your heart should teach yon." 
" Well, if it slioiilil teach me, perhaps it will. 
If it doesn't, I can't help il." 
" How incorrigibly stupid " 
" If you'll tell mo what I must say and do, 
I'll try to remember." 

"Which are you, a fool or a knave ?" said 
Braxon. impatienlly, and regarding him with 
one of his keen, searching looks. 

" May be I'm a little of both. If I'm a fool, 
I suppose it is for lack of brains, and nobody is 
to blame. If I'm a knave, why, everybody that 
knows mc, knows who has been my tutor." 

" Well, there's no time now for idle talk. All 
I ask of you is to try not to disgrace yourself 
and mo. Much depends on first impressions. 
It will bo a feather in your cap, if you make a 
favorable one." 

" Well, I take it, whether the impression be 
favorable or otherwise, I shall bo euro of enough 
to eat, drink and wear." 

"And il'ol is the limit of your ambition 1" 
said Braxon, with a sneer. 

" Maybe il is, and maybe not." 
" You need a few lessons on the subject. 
Hist!" 

This last word was to prevent an answer from 
his pupil, for just at that moment, Juba, who 
had been sent by Mr. Danbridge to watch their 
hoped-for arrival, rose from under ahedgc, where 
ho had been indolently reclining, and stepped 
towards them. 

"I 'spects this be young Massa Danbridge, 
and Massa Braxon," said he, raising his hal, 
and politely bowing first to one, then the other. 

The young man carelessly nodded, while 
Braxon, with his usual sagacity, detecting by 
his air and dress that he was a iavorite servant, 
bowed slill lower than he did, and took care to 
give liira a polite answer. 

"I've found out that it's best to ingratiate 
one's sell into the favor of the nnderiings, if wo 
would be on good terms with the master," weio 
the thoughts that passed through his mind. 

" I is powerful glad you is come," said Jnba, 
" for Massa Danbridgc was beginning to h^n a 
Iienp of trouble cause yon stay away 60 long. 
Turn right round dis corner, and you'll soon be 
to tho eend of your journey." 

Obeying his directions, Ihey saw several per- 
sons grouped together on the Inwn. One of 
them, whom Braxon recognized as Mr. Dan- 
bridge, came quickly forward to meet them. 
Juba, in the meantime, eyed the younger travel- 
ler rather critically. 

" I is willing to bet my bran new jacket dat 
Sylvia like so well, dat Massa Danbridge will he 
disp'intcd when he comes to see him, for he can't 
hold a ciiudle to dc young ossifer Anvers daL has 



BAILOUTS PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



51 



been hero," n«re the thoughts elicited by this 
criiical though surrepiiiious survey. 

" He is a nobic lookt-ig gentleman," thought 
Percy Panbridge {for bo, lor ihe ppe?f«nt, it is 
most convenient to cull him), nnd if, as regnrds 
iDTSclf, there is anyihtn;; wrcni;, m moio than 
onco I haTC )>ecn wnrned thai (hero is, it vrs 
without my conoorreiice, and I'm willinp that it 
KbonUI be mnilo right, bo I don't know nfijy I 
«hnuhl shriuk from meeting him." 

This honcit purpose inspired him with (elf- 
fef|>ect, and his eye kindled with uinvijn(,ed ani- 
maiion as Mr. Dauhridiir drew iicsr. \Vlien 
arrived wittiiii n short disianre of him, urg«d by 
a Gudden intpnUo, he jumped from his horse, 
threw the reins 10 .Tiiha, and went forwHrtl to 
meet hi<n. The next moment, both of his hands 
were held iu Uie warm, nervous gnisp of Mr. 
Danbridgc. 

" Welcome to America, my son. and welcome 
lo the homo from which you have hecn too long 
absent," were his words. 

" Yes, too long perhaps. All things consid- 
ered, I think it might have been bettor for me to 
have been here sooner." 

As he said this, he felr, rather thim saw, for 
his eyes were bent to the ground, that Mr. Dun- 
bridge w;i9 regarding him with deep scrutiny. 

"I don't resemble you, sir, in the le.'iRt," siiid 
he, in answer to this silent inquiry. "Tlint I 
found out long ago, hy compariug iiiyscll" wiih 
your portrait." 

"Never mind, never mind, and excuse me for 
what might be coiisidered rude, under different 
circumstances." 

" Whatever may hnppcn heronficr," siiid the 
joung man, " there is something that Iclls me 
that I mny count ou your being iny friend." 

"Certainly," replied Mr. Danbridgo, the lack 
of anything like warmth of emotion on the part 
of his supposed son, joined to eurpriso at v;hat 
seemed the singularity of this remark, acting as 
a check on his own feelings. 

Mr. Danbridgo now turned to Braxon, who 
had also dismounted from Iiis horse, and had 
with ft sharp eye regarded what passed between 
the two, thongh from fear of being deemed in- 
trusive hud kept 80 far aloof as to hear only im- 
perfectly what was said. On the whole, ho 
thought that his pupil had acquitted himself 
crediiably, hettcr than he expected. 

" You are welcome, Mr. IJraxon," said he, 
witli a constrained and distant civility, very dif- 
feient from his usual frank and higli-brcd 
courtesy. 

He did not intend this, nor was ho exactly 
conscious of it ; but, somehow, there was some 
thing repcllant in the man's looks tind demeanor, 
He had merely known him by s'ght, when in 
Kngland, as a domestic tutor in the family of a 
gentleman who lived near him ; a cireumstauce 
which ho had deemed a eufBcient recommenda 
tion for engaging him in the same capacity for 
his son, 

The reserve and constraint of Mr. Oanbridge's 
manner did not escape the vigilance of Braxon 
His thoughts sgain reverted to Syhil Fincbley 
" Has she pTOved fal.^e, and turned mformcr 
was Iho thought whii^h for an instant thrilled htm 
like an electric shock. Bat his iron nerves soon 
regained their tone, and without dcsrending to 
servility, he had the address to demean himself 
with a deference and respect which told iu hi 
f<ivor. This was apparent by Mr. Danbridge'i 
slightly altered mien, and Braxon, who for the 
tiioment experienced a sensation not uoUke one 
whoso footing was giving way from under him 
fell himself on comparatively firm ground. 

" Only find time and opportunity to make sore 
of Sib. Finchley's silence— and there is but one 
way to do it— and you will bring the game to 
triumphant close," seemed so distinctly whis' 
pered in his ear that ho gave ati involuntary 
start, thinking that the others must hear it. 

" Come, Percy, and yon, Mr. Braxon," said 
Mr Danbridge; "the ladies are eag,;r to wcl- 
c^e yon, and wc mustn't test their patience loo 
severely." 

When Mr. Danbridge presented the younger 
traveller to his wife, Myra Pemberion and Can- 
dace Atherly, as his son, the latter had no 
thought as to which was the heiress. If ho ex- 
perienced anything like a pnfcrence for either, it 
was, as f.ir as looks were concerned, in favor of 
Candiice, whose ebon tresses, and night-black 
eyes — though there the resemblance ended — re- 
minded him of the only bein^ who had ever pos- 
sessed the power lo stir the deeper currents of 
hii heart till tliey leaped up and caught ibc 
warmth and sparkle of tlio sunshino. 



Braxon, on the contrary, had no eye* cx* 
cept for Myra I'cmbcrlon, the wtaliby heiress. 
Her form, full of airy grace, her brilliant com- 
plexion, rendered almost danling by the excite- 
ment of the moment, and the contrast of the 
soft, dark tycs, and hair of sunny brown, abun- 
dant almost to profusion, were taken in at a 
glance. Xot that bcauiy, in any of its different 
phases, had power lo weave their spelLs fi>r him. 
I[ was only in reference to bis pupil that he made 
thi« fcilunt and rapid inventory of her personal 
loveliness, which otherwise would have been to 
him a matter of total indifference. Ho knew 
that her wealth would bo no attraction to him, 
but there was something so winning nnd so (as- 
cinaiing in her appearance (bat ho imaginett it 
would not fail to rouse him from his apathy. 
Vigilant Hs Draxon was, and had ever been, ho 
did not know that it was loo late — that the chonls 
of his heart had already thrilled to that music, 
sweeter than the song of the bluebird in spring. 

Mrs. Danhridge received the young man with 
less cordiality than »he intended. His looks aud 
appeanmee, in every respect, utterly failed to 
meet her expectations, and crc she was aware of 
it, she found herself drawing a comparison be- 
tween him and Aavers, much to the ndvnnlago 
of the latter. 

" Percy Danbridgo, ho cannot be," Candace 
said to herself; and something like a smile hov- 
ered on her lips, as she traced the lineaments of 
tho two newly arrived travellers a* they stood 
side hv side, and drew a comparison between 
them. " No, no— it cannot bo," washer reiter- 
ated thought. " But I simll keep my own 
counsel." 

As for Myra, the confusion into which she had 
been thrown at first clouded her perceptions. 
She knew, though he had never said it to her in 
so many words, that it had long boon her guar- 
dian's wish to see her, at some future doy, tho 
wife of his son. Though a knowledge of this, 
previous to her meeting with Anvers, liad been 
far from distitsleful, since then it had been tlio 
source of pain and anxiety. When she had in 
part recovered from her embarrassment, like 
Mrs. Danbridge and Candace, she could not fail 
to notice the great disparity between him nnd Iho 
young lieutenant, while at the same time she ex- 
perienced a degree of sadness as she thought 
tho high-wrought expectations of Mr. Danbridge 
could not bo realized. 

Even as the six stood thus grouped together, 
two of their number, Braxon and Candace Ath- 
erly, by that magnetism by which kindred spirits 
recognize each other, were conscious of a mutual 
sympathy. Not only this ; there seemed to be a 
clairvoyance established between them, by which 
Candace — vaguely, it is true — penetrated the 
wishes and villanous designs of Braxon, and on 
his part, caused him to understand that he could 
safuly look to her Cor aid. 



CHAPTER XI. 



MYKA peMBEllTOX IN DANGER. 

Moris than a week after the incidenis of the 
foregoing chapter, as Myrn Pombertoo was sil- 
ling liy horsolf reading, a girl, whose features 
were an exaggerated type of the African race, 
glided into the room. 

" Well, Dilly," said Myra, looking up from 
her t>ook. 

"A woman out there wishes lo see yoii," she 
replied. 
" Out where 

" Tlicrc." And the girl pointed to tho clump 
of hickories, where she had mot Sybil Fiochley 
«t midnight 

" Did »he tell you not ' 

The girl hesitated, and Myra repeated the 

i|uestioii. 

" No, miss, but she sny so lo Miss Candace." 
" And Miss Candace sent you to tell mo 1" 
" Yes, miss." 

Myra, as she looked towards the spot desig- 
nated, caught a glimpse of some one ihrough 
tho trees. 

" She hab a whole heap to say to you, and is 
poweiful airnest to hab j-ou come, Mias Candace 
say." 

" I will go," said Myra- 

The sun was full three hours high, and the 
distance was Irifting. Thus, though she was 
taulioua about venturing out alone, even in tho 
day lime, since the Indians had assumed a more 
hostile attitude — many a dwelling within a short 
distance having been made the scene of rapine 
and death— she cODcladcd there conld be no 



danger in complying with the nqoeat, as sho 

could, if §he cho.'ie, keep sight of the hon<o. 

Mr. Danbridgo had left, homo early in ihc 
morning, having some htisinots to transact with 
a friend who resided a few mitps distant, and hts 
wife had accompanied hini. 

Myta intended to tako Minda with her, but 
she wa.« nowhere to be scon, neither did she an- 
swer her call, which wa« several times repeated. 
Arranging a silken mnnilc, so as to screen her 
from ihc tun, sho .«larted for tho hickories. Had 
sho hecn Ies,« inicnt on tho object xho had in 
view, she mi);hl have noticed that ibo domestic 
servanu were not, as was their wont at this sea- 
son of the day, when (heir loaks within doors 
wen.' 8u«pemkd, luiicrini: in the park, or on the 
lawn, cither singly or in little groups, gaily 
chatting. 

When she reached tho treen, she stopped aud 
looked round, but no one was in si>:ht. 

" She you wish to see, is here," said she, mis* 
iog her voice. 

All remained silent. She stepped towards a 
thick coppice, a short distance from tho biekorict. 
As she did so, nhe saw sotne one through a 
small opening among the foliage, though so im- 
perfectly, H.S to ho uniiblv to detvrmiao tlia sex 
of the person thu.<. beheld. She did not long re- 
main in doubt, the branches of tho small. Ion 
trees being thrust aside, while tho next instant 
sho was lifted from the ground by the strong, 
sinewy arms of an Indian. 

A single, piercing bhriek thrilled on the air, 
but a threat of instant death, and tho gleam of a 
sharp knife, which her caplor drew from bis bolt, 
prevented her from repeating it. Ult only hope 
was, that her cry had been beard, and her voice 
rceogniiod. 

Had she been a child of a year old, tho toll, 
broad chested Indian, seemingly, could not have 
carried her with ;;rcaler case. Ho direcicJ his 
steps towards a piece of woods, which were with- 
in a stone's throw. Swifily threading bis way, 
in and out, between the huge trunks of tho trees, 
for no undergrowth ohitrueted his course, they 
soon arrived at the entrance of a glade, in which 
were three Indiana awaiting them, one of whom 
was holding a horse by the bridle. He who car- 
ried herin his arms placed her upon tlio saddle. 

" Come," said he, speaking iu good English, 
" wo must lose no time, or the dog of a pale face, 
that shot my brother faurleen years ago, will 
soon return, and with a swarm of his black imps 
at his heeN, will be upon us." 

" Stay one minute," said Myra, " I have gold 
— plenty of il — enough to buy you the hand- 
somest rilles, llio costliest jnwels ; and, iu short, 
everything you can desire. Go, and leave mo 
hero, nnd it shall be yours." 

" Who would bo so eimpio as to listen to the 
words of a white squaw V 

" I never say one thing, and mean another." 
" Xahatun loves to carry a good rifle over his 
shoulder, and to see Wiuncroo braid her long 
black liair with heads and jewels, but he loves 
still more to gratify his revenge. Ihmh Dan- 
bridge shot my brother, who was a mighty war- 
rior, when I was not higher than this sapling 1 
hold in my bond. I loved him, but my arm was 
too weak to bend the bow, or give to the riHe a 
true and steady uiin. Many time*, since I grew 
older and stronger, I might have killed him, bat 
mv thirst for revenge had grown stronger too ; 
BO I let iiim live, that I might steal iho beautiful 
singing-bird from its nest, that, ever ^inco I look- 
ed on my dead brother's face, has gladdened hit* 
home. I havo her ot last, and she shall be the 
stave of Winneroo. It will be to him, as long as 
he lives, like the barb of an arrow buried in hi<5 
heart. When Nahaiun thinks of it, he will 
laugh." 

" I never did you harm. Surely you will ac- 
cept a ransom for me 

" Never. Yon sball do Winncroo's bidding, 
if it bo to dig the earth, and plant tho corn." 

One of the Indians made an impniient move- 
ment. 

" Yes," said Nahatun, in n:ply ; "we must go." 
He took the bridle from the bond of Iho In- 
dian who held it. 

" Jievenge is sweet," said he, " and I shall 
guard the pri/.e myself. She is a bold rider. I 
have seen her dash down ibc hills, and gallop 
acrosa tho plain ewifi us the wind. She most be 
well watched, or ghc will escape " 

The woods were narrow at ihe point they 
crossed ihem, and ihcy were »oon free of them. 
At their margin, Nahaiun and his comrades hail- 
ed. Three path* were before Ihem, diverging 
from the point where they stood, thongh so grnd- 



nally, that Ihcir roor*© could bo traeed by iho 
eye liU the view was obstnuried hjjhc incquaU- 
ito* of tho ground. . 

" Which shall wo take !" said Nahatun. 
" Choose for us," said ono, 
" Let it bo this, than ;" nnd he strark Into ft 
path which, aficr traversing nearly in a stniight 
line, (ho open tract lying before thoni, took a de- 
vious courve ; sometimes accommodating itself 
to (ho windings of a rapid through shallow 
stiTaniv, and then ihivadiug its way among detp 
hollow* and gloomy dells, overhung hy donw 
and tangled ihickeU, whieh were impervious lo 
ilie rajs of tho ?iin, except at noonday. Hav- 
ing arrived at (be exdvmo verge of the open 
space, Nahatan again halted, tho oihors following 
his example. A short consultation was held in 
their own lauguagt, by which Myra, though slio 
undctT'tood what thoy said but imperfectly, found 
ihai if ihcy were pur<iied,and were iu daojier of 
being ovennken, her life was to b?» icriflccd, rath- 
er than ^he ihoutd bo rrstorcd to her friendu, ond 
thus balk Nahatun of iho rovengo for whicli ho 
had long and fiercely thii»lcd. 

An icy chill crept through her veins, and tho 
color Hed T'diu lip and check, as sho becaiiio 
aware of tlie f.iio that nionaccd her, though it 
relumed on the in^taut ; ho[)e, in one of her 
buoyaut and cheeiful temperament, still 
stronger than fear, though the very circuinsiauce 
iu which file hud most Uudied for ivscuq, was 
tlius convened into a source of tho most immi- 
nent peril to herself. 

This point decided, ihey rciumcd their march, 
going ou steadily, ihout-h without hurry, and 
never in the least devintini; from the path, though 
soon, iu many places, il began to bo »o indis- 
linclly tnu'cd, tu to bo undi-dinKuishaldo to any 
save the practised eye of onu faiuiliai' with thoso 
wild and savage solitudes. Thus, hy husband- 
iriK their energies, though their prugi«as was less 
rapid at (ir.«, they would, ere they orrivcd at llio 
distant 8(K>t, where they intended to oncamp fur 
the night, he gsincrs. 

Hour after hour they continued lo go on, their 
steady, mouolouous tramp alone breaking tho 
silence; for after the brief consultation, above 
ul|jldg(j lo, not a word was spoken. The sun 
went down, hut whilo tho rosy twilight ycl lin- 
gctvd in the west, 'the moon, n little put its full, 
rose iu the opposioo heavens, brightening with 
its silvery radiance the balmy night-nir. 

Leaving thom lo pursue their woy, wo will go 
back n few hours, lo the time when Myra wcnl 
10 the clump of hickory ircos, with the cxpecla- 
tion of meeting tho woman lo whom, a short 
time previous, she had already granlcii an inlor- 
view. Wliat »ho then learned, had, without 
grniifying her curiosity, excited a warm, almost 
painful interest, rolutivo to tho fortunes of An- 
vcis, independent of the preference, disguise it 
to herself us sho would, with which ho had in- 
spired her during his short sojourn at tho 
plantation. 

Tho woman hud promised her, cro they part- 
ed, that she would moot her aguia at tlie same 
place, as Bo<m as tho lime arrived when sho could 
speak jflainly and confidently of what was then, 
in some ix'spccu, dark lo hcrftelf. Il is no won- 
der, ihert-foro, that Myra woa oulLy enticed to 
the spot. 

Ettriy ill ihc morning, Candace Allicrly had 
seen an Indian luiking in iho wrjods, whom she 
soon recognised ns Nahaiun. They know each 
other, and sho fcariessly sought him. 
" What seek youl" sho denianded. 
" I!i(it>" said he. " Listen." 
A sweet gush of song came floaUng from tho 
window of Mrra'a room. 

" It is tho voice of the singing bird, that hna 
nested under the roof of that dog of a pale face, 
ever since he killed my hrolhcr !" said Nahatun. 

"It i) iho voice of Myra Pemherton," Can- 
dace replied. 

" She shall cheer tho heart of roy enemy with 
her mu*ir no longer. Sho must go with me, 
and be Winncroo's slave." 

" She will hardly consent to that," sold Can- 
dace, for ihe purpose of inciting him lo say more, 
a dusky fire kindling in her block, diUling eyes. 
" You will help me." 
"How dare you fay that T"' 
'■ I sec it in your eyes." 
Candace smiled. 
" Tiiut smile says so too." 
" How rtui I help you t" 
" The whiio woman is cunniog. Why should 
she ask V 

CandivcQ rcmnincd silent a minute, communing 
with her own heart. 



52 



BALLOU'S 



PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM^OMPAimm 



"Anveri," thoncht «ho, " will «oon be here 

eve ear nor thonfihl. except for her ; and as lor 
S other oJe-.-'. —'led Percy DanbndKe 



I can't think where »he U, then." .nd Mind- 
looked more nnxioiis than before. 

At this moment Candoce made her nppcarancc. 

tills otncr one— uui, r fi,^ h,.r_ DanbridKe- " Can you tell me where she is 

-she neither cares fur h.m nor ho or h r- I^^i; J own room J suspect." repl.cd C^^^^^^ 

while my broiher, she ^f''[^\''ZJS^Ari^n "No, she isn't thero/^ smd M.nda; I yo 
.com. Were itolher«.«o, I «houM no, be dnven , ^^.^^^^ ^^^^^ j,^^,^^ , ^ her. 

'■ It is impossible for me to t«ll where she is, 
said Cnndflce. " About three hours 0^0. ^ 
her cross the park, and that wa* the I snw ol 
her. It is not strange, however, for 1 ve been 
very busy this nficmoon. and she mi^'ht Jiavo re- 
turned a dozen limes without my itceinK her. 

" I don't know what to make of it, raid Mrs. 
Danbridge. 



, to themseWes an they can possibly 



to this-but now-" and she raised her eyes to 
^■-?rh«ve thought of a sure and safe way," 

said he. 

" I hare." 

made known ,0 him her 

^%ni she will ho seen by some of the black 
imps swarming yonder.' said ho. 

I will take cnro of that. The 
field hands wont bo in sight, ond 
L for the others, it will be slranKO 
if I can't find some omusemcnt lor 
them nt such a distance from the 
house, that there will be no danger 
to apprehend from them." , , , , 
Good," said Nahatun. "Didn t 
I say that the white woman was 
cunning^" , 

"Be at the place I told you, 
when the sun is three hours high. 
"I shall not fail." 
Candace succeeded in arrnnginj' 
everything as she wished; and 
when, at Inst, she had sent the meii- 
sago to Myra by her faithful attend- 
ant, screened from view by the 
curtlifl, she seated herself «t her 
chamber window, and saw her na 
she cro.iBcd the park. Soon she 
disappeared among tho trees. 

Candace rose from her chair, and 
with lips apart, stood bonding for- 
ward at iho open window, that 
even a murmur, floating on thO nir. 
might not escape her. She quailed 
a little when Myra uttered that 
piercing shriek, at the moment she 
felt herself imprisoned in the 
brawny arms of Nahatun. and. 
prasping the window-sill with both 
hands, stood with suspended breath, 
expecting to hear it repeated. A 
sigh of relief escaped her when the 
silence remained unbroken, and 
tumiog to leave the room, she saw 
her sable attendant standing in the 
doorway. 

" You here. Dill '" said she. "I 
told you to go down to the hearh- 
grove, and amuse yourself with the 
others." 

" I don't disremombor what you 
told mo, but — " 

The girl hesitated, and nervous- 
ly threaded her npron-s t r i n g s 
through her fingers. 

"Speak, and tell mo what you 
were going to." 

" I is in no humor to amuse mv 
self." 

" Why y 

" 'Cause, jes as I sot out to go to 
the grove, dat orfiil screoofi go 
right through my head, sharp us a 
knife." 

" You are not to speak of that, 
Jt in none of your conccni." 

" 1 s'poso it aint, Miss Candace ; 
but it sounded a powerful sight 
like Miss Myra's voice." 

" And what of that 

" I'se afearod dat it he n bad 
woman dat cent for her, and dal 
sho kill her." 

"Well, your fears are (jround 
less, and mind that yoa say nothing 
about what you have heard to an\ 
one." 

" Yis, Miss Candace." 

"Remember, if you forget to 
obey mo, you will be sorry for it," 

"I al'ays ohoyii yo. Miss Can- 
dace ; but I docs wish dm screech 
wouldn't ring, ring, ring in my 
head all ob do limo." 

" No more of that," aaid Can- 
dace, sternly, her oyes kindling 
with iho old, dusky fire, 

" I has al'aya 'denvored to please 
ve. Miss Cimdare," said the nirl, 
numbly, turning away from ihc 
door. " Yis, I bus 'dcavored to 
please her," she muttered to her- 
self, when sho was distant enough 
not to be overheard ; " but what 
does I cit for't 'eept sharp words, 
and looks dat be like ilo linhtnin' 
from de black cloud. Missus Oan- 
bridce bo greater lady dan Miss 
Candai-e is, and when Sylvia do 
hor best to please her, slie' praise her. and speak 
pleasant to her ; and as for Miss Myra, she treat 
Mindn so dat do ole gal lub her as she do de eyes 
in her head." 

CHAPTER XII. 

DILLARD, THE OLli IHISTKR. 

A little before sunsf t. Mr. Danbridge and his 
wife returned. "Where's Myra?" said Mrs. 
Danbridge to Minda, who stood on the lawn, 
looking anxiously in tho direction her young 
misircKs most fre()ueaily took when the retarnea 
from her evening rido. 

" I believe she has gone to ride." 

"No, thai can't be, for there's Jaba and ho 
always goes with her." 



aa little fatigue 

As he drew near, it conld he seen that his face 
waV flusbe? and that hi. blue eyes sparkled w.th 
rxWtement Uo came sirai^ht up to an open 
w^ndtw "car which Mr. Danbridge wa^ stand- 
r and, rcstinc his folded arms on 'he s.ll. hay 
S^first leaned his r.fle against the of the 
Wise ca.t an eager glance into the apartment. 
'"'" i do^t "co Miss Myr«'« bright face," said he. 

" Where is she 1" „ ^ «fr 

" That is what we can't tell you,' replied Mr. 
DanbridKC. " My wife and I have been absen 
all day, and when we returned she was missing. 
" I was afraid to." . . , _ ... 

" What made you V «*ked Mr. Danbndge. 




AKALIS TOWER, AT UMRITZIR, INDIA. 



"To make of what?" said Mr. Danbridge, 
who putored in season to hoar this last remark. 

" Myra is gone, no one knows where." 

" I trust that nothing unpleasant has happened 
to her," said Mr. Danbridge, with ill-disgoised 
alarm. 

"Mat Dillard, the old hunter, is coming this 
way," said Minda. 

Candace bit her lips as, looking from the win- 
dow, she saw that he had just emerged from the 
clump of hickory trees, and had tlien stooped 
down, as if examining something on the ground. 
This was repeated several times, when, seeming- 
ly satisfied with the examination ho had made, 
he approached ihe houhc with a rapid, swinging 
gait, such as is acquired by those whose object is 
lo gel over the ground as speedily, and with 



Mrs. Danbridge and Minda camo eagerly for- 
ward to listen to his answer, while Candace, 
though she did not move from tho place where she 
stood, regarded him with a look of apprehension. 

" Why, you see," replied Dillard, "that Siah 
Wells, that lives up our way, as he was out with 
his rifle to-day, came across an Indian trail, and 
traced it up, till he found that it led in the direc- 
tion of the woods close on the west side of your 
plantation. Well, as soon us he told me. I be- 
gun to feel uneasy, and couldn't rest a minute. 
So I was determined to see into the matter, for 
you've al'avs been a friend to me, and so has 
Miss Danbridge. As for Miss Myra, old Mat 
Dillard, when he's a leetle low-sperited, never 
wants nothin" belter to cheer him up than the 
sight of her bright, hamsome face, and the Bound 



of her sweet voice. Now the sight of the black- 
eyed lady, that stands back there, operates right 
contrary — makes me feel down in the month — 
bat it's no fault of hers, I s'pose." 

" And what discoveries have yoa made 1" s&td 
Mr. Danbridge, unable any longer to control his 
impatience, though he was sensible that it was 
best to allow the old hunter to tell his story ac- 
cordine to his own fashion. 

" Well, yon see, art«r I'd satisfied myself that 
Siah was right, I thought it best lo take a short 
cat, for, thinks I, the sooner the Sijuirc knows 
the red heathen ts prowlin' about, the better. I 
didn't see a aicn of 'em till I come close to tho 
thicket, the furder side of the park, and then I 
seed tracks that I knew were never made by a 
while man's foot. I soon found 
that they led in among them hick- 
ory trees, and, there I seed another 
foot-print, which, in the first place, 
made my heart give a sudding 
jump, and then, stand stock still." 

" 'Twas the print of Myra'a 
foot V said Mr. Danbridge. 

" Yea, and I could tell it, if I 
seed it a hundred miles from here." 

" Are you willing to go in pur- 
suit of them V 

"Mat Dillard is al'ayfl willin' 
and ready, in sich a case. Squire 
Danbridge — ready at a minute's 
warnin'. My huntin knife is in 
my bell, and my shoulder is ready 
for the rifle that never yet missed 
its mark." 

" I will go with you, and any one 
else that you will name," said Mr. 
Danbridge. 

" It's my 'pinion, thai you'd bet- 
ter not goi Squire. Yon aint ro 
used to tho ways of the Indian 
thieves, as this old hunter in, and 
don't know how to dodge 'em so 
well. Ten chances to one, you'd 
bo picked off, and then, who would 
there be to step into your shoes, 
and take keer of your airthly con- 
sams, as yon can 1 I don't speak 
to undervally the young squire, 
your son, that's jest come to these 
parts, bul. as yet, he wears n young 
neap on his shoulders." 

" What our friend Dillard says ia 
trne." interpo.scd Mrs. Danbridge. 

" Who is there to go, if I don't." 
said Mr. Danbridge. " Percy is 
off on some excursion, and even 
if he was here, I doubt if he would 
be of much use." 

" No more than that," said Dil- 
lard, snapping his fingers. "Not, 
na 1 said afore, that I would under- 
vally the young Squire, but he 
doesn't know how to deal with the 
red varmints, any more'n a child 
three weeks old.' 

" Well, Dillard, choose for your- 
self," said Mr. Danbridge 

" I shan't have fur lo go. He's 
my choice, for I larnt him the use of 
the rifle myself," and he pointed to 
Jubn, who, having just learned 
that Myra was missing, with great 
earnestness, was communicating 
the sad and nlnrming intelligence 
to a group of his fellow-servants, 
who had gathered round him. 

" You see. Squire," said Dillard. 
" that though 1 know what is best 
in sich cases, I should feel kind 0' 
shy like about givin' orders to you, 
but with him, 'twill be another 
thing." 

" I think you'd better lake two 
or three more with'you," said Mr. 
Danbridge. " There may bo a 
large party of the Indians. ' 

"No, on'yfive at tho moet. I 
counted four dificrent mocassin 
tracks by the thicket, and the print 
of a horse's feet, jest tho same ns 
Siah did." 

Juba, who manifested great ea- 
gerness to accompany Dillard, was 
soon ready. 

" There are plenty of good 
horses in the stable," said Mrs. 
Danbridge. "Select those that 
will suit yon best." 

" Horses will on'y be a bother," 
replied Dillard. "The right way 
is to steal upon the thieving dogs 
unawares." 

" Yis, dat be de way," said Jubn. 
"Then follow my lead, quick 
time," said Dillard, " till we nave 
reason to b'lievo that we've got a 
good gain on 'em. Arter that, cool 
and cautious will be the watch- 
word." 

In a few minutes, they reached the spotvfhero 
the three paths met. 

" They little thonght," said the old hunter, 
"that Mat Dillard would be on their trail so 
soon, BO they didn't think it worth while to go to 
work with any of their cimnin" tricks lo hide it." 
There were five ot them, as I thought," 

" But de print of Miss Myra's dilicate little 
foot, is nowhere to be seen," said Jaba. 

"The print of a horse's foot is though. They 
let her ride, 'cause she couldn't keep with 'em, 
and not 'caase they keered whether she was tired 
or not. Nyther would it worry 'em a bit, if 
he cut and tore her feet with the sharp flints 
and briers till thej' bled. 1 tell yon, .Julte, 
that them that tnes to make folks b'lievo the 



[See page 6d.] 



BALLOU*S PirrORlAL DRAWING-ROOM (X)MPANION. 



53 



red TarminU are m pcrlitc lo a white woman 
lU ft French dancin' muster or tin Enztiih 
lord, don't know ftnythinn ttbout the mi\ltor. 
It's all moonshine, aa may bo known hv the 
way they make their sqoaws dig an<l delve, 
ftod Kuppty the places of so many pack hor«c«, 
whenever they change their quarters." 

" I should like to catch 'em makin" Mi»s 
Myrft dig and delve," said Jubi, in tones 
wtiich attested the deep indii^nation with 
which the bare thought iri'tpired him 

" I calc'lale thev wont get a chance to do it, 
this time," said DilUrd. 

They now proceeded in silence, till ihoy ar- 
rived where all traces of a path wonld have 
been lost to an eye loss quick anil keen than 
Dillard's. To him, it caused not a moment'» 
hesitation. The blinder the path, the lonelier 
and wilder the aspect of nature, the more tie 
appeared to ftsel at home. His step was more 
free and elastic, his bearing loftier and more 
resolute. 

The moon had attained iu meridian, flood- 
ing with its soft and mellow light a broiid, 
undulating plain which lay bcfure them Oti 
one side, it was skirted hy a path, whoiesinu- 
ous course, for the most part, was in the deep 
shadow of gigantic forest trees. Suddenly 
Pillard stopped Hod seized Juhu by the arm. 

" Look \" said he, pointing to tho oppodiie 
side of tho plain. 

"De Indians," said Juba. 

" Yes," replied Dillard. " Step behind this 
tree, for they have tho same cUaoco to see us, 
as we have tlicm." 

There was nothing toobstmcttheview, and 
though distant, tlieir forms were defined with 
sufficient diNtinctnoss uguiost the dark azure 
of the clear, midnight sky, as to enable them 
to readily distinguish Myra on horseback 
from tho rest. 

"We can soon come up wid 'em," said 
Juba, " if we cut right across dis plain." 

" Not so soon OS you think we shall," re- 
plied Dillard. "A deep river is between us, 
which there is no means of fordin'. We mnaC 
be content to take the same path they did, 
though it's a long and rough one. They've 
almost reached a spot where they'll be sarlin 
to stop and rest, it they don't ramp for the 
rest of the night. I know every inch of the 
ground, as well as I do the wuy to my own 
cabin door. We will wait awhile hero. A 
little more rest wont hurt us, more'n 'twill 
them." 

" 1 is of your raiad, for trarapin' over de 
rough, rocky ground, isn't like dancin' on da 
lawn." 

" Sleep 08 sound as yer a mind to," said T)ii- 
lard, throwing himself on the ground, " I shall 
be sure to wmi;e at tho time I want to." 

[to be continued ] 

[Back numbers of BkUoq's PlotorUl coutatnlng the pre- 
tIous chftpt«rB of this itory, can bo bad ftt all the Peri- 
odical Depots, or ftt tha oOloe of publlcatloo.) 




GEN. URQUIZA, PRESIDENT OF THE AROKNTINK REPUBLIC. 



(;ENr:R.\L unamzA. 

The accompanying portrait of General Ur- 
quiza, actual president of the Argentine Repub- 
lic, South America, shows a fine looking man, 
of a candid and firm expression, but remarkable 
for the absence of the distinctive traits of the 
Spanish race. He looks rather like an English 
noble than a native South American. The gen- 
eral is one of the few distinguished men worthy 



of being remembered among the mass of politi- 
cians and soldiers who have moved amidst the 
chaos of events in the southern portion of our 
hemisphere. He has moved as u conspicuouslv 
leading spirit in all the stirring questions which 
have agitated the republic, and his influence ha« 
efleeten many suhitary changes and reforms 
Ho risked all to eslahlish a constitutional govern- 
ment. He brought together in Congress the 



Argentine popaUttons and promulgated the 
constitution, which they adopted, tiy which 
the tirxt changv wa« efTccted in the fundamea^ 
tal laws of Spani-h America. The le^s> 
lation to promulgated is devi«ed to attract tha 
attentioo of Europe to these provinces, and to 
people iheir fertil(? solitudes with its super- 
abundant population. For this purpose he 
allowed fpM acccM to the inland ports of the 
Argentine territory, by proclaiming tho free 
navigation of its nvcr* for ships of all nations, 
a principle of policy which has tliis very year 
been adopted by ni^a^ly the whole of South 
America. Ue has, moreover, given to for- 
«ignor« the civil rights of cititODship, with 
complete exemption from all military service. 
Thwe prtnciples are now embodiod. bv hit 
moans, into international treaties wiin the 
groMBSt powers of tho world. General Ur- 
quica has assisted strenuously to raise the 
religion of bis country from tne state of rain 
into which it had fallen with the destruction 
of the Spanish rule in 1810. At the tame 
time he has proclaimed freedom of education, 
and granted freedom of wonhip for all relig- 
ions. Ho is on tlie ove of relinquishing tho 
power lie has used with such bonoHcial remlt-t, 
and that In virtue of the constitution ho hot 
himself promulgated, giving tiius another 
striking lesson to the tvst of South Amorica. 
Rut his influence will still be felt. He is as 
yet comparatively younor, and ha* fairly 
earned such a glory as wiU remain a pormaii- 
«iit moral power in his hands, 

NKW RTKAM* YACHT "CLEOPATRA." 

In pursuance of our plan of giving renre- 
seniaiions of vessels of note, whether launcned 
in the old or new world, thus recording tho 
features of life on tho wave, as well as on 
land, wo publish a flue representation of the 
elegant Rteam-yncht Oloopatra, built In Eng- 
land for 11 Uami I'ocha, son of tho Vicoroj 
of Egypt — tho prince on tho occasion of 
whose recent marriage with the Sultan's 
daughter, such prudiginus sums were ex- 
pended in f(^tvs, processions and jewelry. 
Tho prince is a man of hereditary resources, 
and greatly encourages the commercoof Tur- 
key, for wliii'h he has bonght and built a con- 
sicfernblo fleet of steamships. This beautiful 
vessel is wholly buillof iron ; and herexircmo 
length over all is 302 foot, her brcadlh 'il, and 
10 t-V feet deep. Her appcanmco on tho 
water is singularly graceful. Hcrcngines are 
very powerful, and have driven borat a speed 
of 17 miles an hour. The saloons for tho accom- 
modation of the I'acha and his suite ore fitted up 
with oxquiMito taste. It really seems us if the 
leading men of ihe East were waking up from 
their lethargy, and remembering that they livo in 
the \1lh century. From the spirit of improve- 
' mont now abroad in the East, we look for ft 
large patronage of British and American mechan- 
, ics ond manufactun-rs In tho fuluro. 




THE NEW STEAM-YACHT CLEOPATRA, BUILT FOR IL KAMI PACHA, OF EGYPT. 



5i 



BALLOU'S 



PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



(ITfltli'ii for Botlon'K Pl< ti>ri«il. } 

jtAhU soxG ron run imi J.^^L vrv. 

Wriam firth' C'lil'tntion of VmiiUhi * hitiMay. I7i>nt 
1(1 R/ifofl, January Ql/t. ITOfl. olH tts//f. 

Tif^it — Spfing^fd Jhnnrr." 



hi RtClURD wniffiiT. 



Thcr«'* bMuty ond (rf»c* fn fit" fl*II-Hfflilfil h«Il, 

IVJioro thocLno k'Iler lArjijilfKl.rKM-IHin-I.KlcftinlBSi 
Thcro'* dillsiil lo tlm hmrt ia th" <>/«"loK l*"", 
WiUi n purlnor wlirair «j w urc vrUh brilllanej- beortlog 
nut \urTHi*va I' Ibr ji>y 
Of yteofun'* mipUiy, 
A»iiu<T*eJlfis liiilnury. f. ^ns no ftllo> ; 
AdiI eDlidOMiJ li" 10 «• «u Jifoud "Uj of bIrfJi 
Ortlia nifin who tire" •Might nine " Iroia Utmra tovortli. 

Thp man of rfHenrrlt, wlin iiom »ull)rJ ft |>"K*. 

Nor (luillittil oiin Jiity (if jiibtinir anil lioatVj 
In ppdi-f, III the inr.ful 'tivji" lib loeugmfn— 

111 m\T. U't rftiiTitrj nUrn prrH on t»'i 

To Klein tti<.< itII'I ttoiH) 
0/ opprfiwloii, fid riilliiig In iMrliuws flutl blwJ. 
On our prouJ " ftirlnnitloii," thnt »orolJ of tint «ud, 
Willi IlMicwik itrjJ .Ii';rijriii>ii-FiiAfiKi.ix wiu oim. 

fflillo Aimrlfft ^tnnilit IIjp grwil prJiIo ff Itie mrtli, 

An cmpliv wliifSP bouml' are ou v-vlj MiJo nn ocwin, 
Ut flwmm will ue»"iT lofurl Mm- Kfi*" Mr(li 
To n FiusfcU^ ! ft.* Mfli I"'"" rMplfi-n vrilh ■uiotloii- 
At tlic mrn-U liome-lii-urlh, 
In Ihr ipty bnll of mirth, 
Whrr* Ihi- (If-or nllTn with swit«t btMUly imd north, 
All will hnil piipIi rpliirn of llic " neTPiilfi'Ulh," tlfiir, 
Ani) thinli Ihnl tho spirit of t'n^MLiiH if iiear. 



IlVritUn for llullou'ii Plclorh.!.] 

TWO SCENKS 
III flic Life of It Ki'iiiiliful Uoiiiiui. 



IIV MAHY W, JANVRIX. 



DisTJNiiUisiiEii above cvi rj' oilier woman of 
Iier nge for tJio rarost piTw of perswiiiil bcuuty, 
wns one whoso b!anilt.>liini'nlM Imil ciiijiinrcd llio 
nivvtil liero, Lord Ndson, — lYhosc accomptisli- 
iiionu wore imt iiifL-rior lo licr liCimty — wlio was 
Nkilkul ill nitisic nnil pniiUtng, who possesEed 
niOHl c;(i)iii!'ile liiMle, unit wIioko ri'itiurcn would 
expresd (.■very amotion liy turns, who ri'iKiiod tlio 
(jufcu of Fiihliion, n» wull ns Qiuvii of Ueiiiity 
Mid Love — iht* ii'lf bruit il l.ai]y Uiiiniltoi). 

Tbero liiul been a jUTioil wlieii tbe dreys of 
poverty, tlio Ijiiinblci^t birlli, and llie bnd^o of 
dinsrnre, vlang to n beniiiilul (jirl — when iier life 
run on tlio onnic level wiili tlio lowest I>oiidon 
lifo — but llioso wondrous yifl» of jiersoiml loveli- 
11098 wbii^h linrt lieoii her only dowry, suriiri^ing 
nil wbo looked ii]n>ii lier, lifitil lier from out iliu 
bloiii^li of obscmily into ft po.'iilinn wburclicr am- 
bitious nnliiro soon found a luotbold ; and men 
for};ot, in llic exreedin;,' gnico and (im el nations 
of tlio wile of Lord Hamilton, ic/icmv or how 
she })ad riNcii. 

I do not know a more potent wand to unlock 
men's benrls ilian rare ]>t;rsonal beuntv. So it 
liaa betn from the days wbcil the Trwjun kinj: 
liecamo enamored of llulen, and Ckopatra of 
Kgypt led an Antony tnptivo in her toils ; so 
swayed men's hearts, senses and wills, this beau- 
tiful Knylish girl. 

In Italy— the land of Bong, 5tory and paa- 
sion— where she presided over bnniiuers of sur- 
I)assing ma{,'nificen[o, or delicately wielded the 
tools of poli^jcal power, at a Lanciuct given the 
greatest naval warrior of tho age, the hero of 
Trafalgar and Urd High Admiral of tlio sens, 
Lady Hamilton firsl met Lord Nelson. 

Though bound to another, her whole soul im- 
mediately went out in nn inten.sp, but guilty love 
for this silent, grave man, who sat at the' tablo 
of the English minister— wli« refrained from the 
sparkling wines ol Italy, but to bucomo moro in- 
toxicated by the fatal ullnrcmeiils of her whoso 
white hand profitrcd ihe cup, 

Then followed many meetings— m first, in tlio 
presence of guests ond that court of wit, bi-autv, 
and gay life, over whiuh this woman ruled as 
queen; then she stole out to meet him in the 
flowering gardens and by the gliding waters of 
the Mediterranean, till at lengih her foot entered 
the boat beside the shore, her eyes were turned to 
the white soils of the fleet riding out on the 
waters, and she trod tho deck of the admiral's 
ship, and sailed away, the admirars mistress. 

Years went by, and no link of tho powerful 
chain Lady Hamilton had thrown about Lord 
Nelson's neck, leading him her captive at her 
will, was broken. On the seas where England's 
banner floated, he might be conqueror, but in ha- 
presence he was slave. A cabin in the admiral's 
ship was lilted up wiih more than Oriental mag- 
nificence, and there, amid velvet cushions, tapes- 



tiies from Ea^'torn looms, viands of coHllical lux- 
urv, and pifi" nfgeins and diamonds, his sultana 
reigned. By day, when Lord Nelson found 
IciMirc from the duties of his fleet, Im lay on 
silken CHshionii nl her feel, while she rend to him 
in a dulcet voice- by night, when stars 
walked the deep tkies above, iind Ihcir ships 
glided over the blue waves of the tidele.*s Med- 
itcrancan, past the frowning Rock of Gibraltar, 
or out into tho wild IJiscnyan Day, he trodo the 
deck wi;li the fair enslaver on his urm, and her 
blandishments thrilling idl his being. He, who 
had not quailed when the grftpo shot rattled 
among the rigging or i-Ioughed Iiis dock, when 
death and slaughter met him on the seas, who 
hud, thus far, lived above men's common weak- 
ness, and smiled gravely «t woman's lures, that 
turned to serve his country and-his king, at lost 
was conipicrcd. 

And thus, in the very zenith of her Intimphul 
sway and woman's beuu'y, in tho height of Xel- 
fion'.s glory arid fimo, when tho admind s Jleet 
Iny in the harbor, niifl lie, with his fascinaiing 
mistress, were rcceivcrt into, and caressed by, the 
gayest circles ol London wlieri", years before, a 
young girl had lived with lier humble mother 
and perlonncd tho menial task of a washerwo- 
man — the Bplendid mansion of lieckford of 
I'oiithlil Abbey was thrown open to welcome 
Lord Nelson and Lady Hamilion us guests. 

It was tiko a wizard's creation or an opium 
dreuni, that gorgeous festive scene. All ihaiihe 
wealth of the princely proprietor could furnish, 
was contributed to add sjilcndor lo the occasion ; 
nil that I'aiifinn ciuereri and mtiilrr.^ tie citmtie 
could provide, was secured lor the feasting. 

The grounds of thot princely Bcai were illiimin- 
uted by colored lamps and torches, bands of mu- 
sicians were stniionod in leafy covert<4 and paved 
courts, stitucs gleamed whitely from embowered 
trees, white swans slept on 8[)arkling lakes and 
ponds, grottoes were erected on tiny islands, 
airy bridges spanned the waters, and in tbe 
walks crowds of people moved to and fio. 

Within, a bluzo of jowoliy, gold and silver 
lit^hled up tho luxurious apartments with start- 
ling splendor. I'iciures, marblcB, Injour, Etrus- 
can vases, carpels of Tyrinn dye — what need lo 
describe them all 1 It was all magnificence and 
stately grandeur, of which the eve wearies, and 
tho mind gladly turns to simpler nnd rcfre.'hing 
scenes. 

Atlired in a rich coslume, her brow sparkling 
witli .iewols and her white hands bcaringn golden 
urn. Lady Hamilton, the envied of how many in 
that gay company, entered, and i-ecitod a poem 
which sho had written (or thai fcslive hour. The 
most rapturous applause followed. Tho verses 
wore hailed as an emanation from the Castalian 
fount; their bewitching author ns a modern 
muse. Some, indeed, might have remembered 
i'7(o and u lml wos the woman who stood before 
Ihem, the companion and caressed of nobles, 
poeta nnd civilians; but they knew, too, what 
inllucnco she possessed over tho herool the hour, 
and politic feeling prevailed. 

None were there to whisper in her ear that all 
this was deception ; that sin, the gilded morsel, 
surely carries its own punishment along with it ; 
nnd that the pleasure she was pursuing was a 
Dead Sea apple, fair wiihout, but hollow at the 
core, and bitter as ashes. So tho festival went 
on, and the Lord High Admiral was /e^n/; nnd 
side by side, hand in hand with England's pure 
mollicrs nnd daughters- resplendent in jewels, 
and enchaining all by the fascinations of her wit 
and beauty— was Lady Hamilton, Lord Nelson's 
mistress I 



Thirteen jears after the banquet of Konlhill, a 
lady stood at a butclier's stall iu the market- 
place of Calais, buying eomo meat for her pet 
dog. 

"Ah, raadamel" said the butcher's wife, a 
fair-faced, plea-sant fdvored 6(>i()>;«)(V, "von seem 
a benevolent lady, nnd up stairs there is « poor 
Enf;lish woman, ill and starving, who would bo 
glad of the smallest piece of meat which you are 
buying for your dog. If madame woiihl but step 
up a moment." 

"I will sec her," said the lady. "Show me 
tho way, my good woman." 

Up several flights of dilapidated, dirly stnira 
in a gloomy, wretched lodging room, on abed 
of illness, with the hollow cough of consumption 
racking her emaciated frame, and its fitful dam- 
ask on her sunken cheek, lay the form of a oneo 
beautiful woman. 

There were few threads of silver in the still 
luxuriant hair, though deep wrinkles were 



ploughed in Ihe once n.arbic smooth twreheod, 
"and the eves, now blazing with unualural bnl- 
liancy, looked eagerly and hungrily toward the 
opened door when her kind visitor entered. 

'■ Brcatll do you bring me bioi<l?" she asked, 
starling np ; then greedily gra-'ping tho slices of 
raw, bleeding meal from ilie lady's band, she ate 
voraciously, like one half famished. 

The Jndy turned away, sick at heart. This 
wretched room, this smrving, dying woman, with 
the death-hunger plainly written in her brilliant, 
craving eyes ; this story of want nnd woe I O, it 
was sickening! And here, nndcrnealh the very 
window where the sun streamed across the uu- 
finishcd wall and bare floor, had tho gay revelry 
of French life gone on— the rounds of business 
in the crowded mart, and the festive pageant. 

" Who .^iid what are30u '." she said, approach- 
ing tbe bed and lilting one of the thin, transpar- 
ent bands which lay upon the foiled coverlid. 

Does no one take caic of you, now ihat you 
are ill 1" 

" The iiiait-usi': used to come up nnd bilng me 
food when I could pay her," was the reply, in a 
faiut, bc'llow voice, "but when my money failed 
she did not come nigh mc. Then I used to creep 
down and beg a little piece of meal of Ihe kiiid- 
hearlcd butcher's wife, of whom I had bought in 
other days — " bnt a sudden fit of coughing in- 
terrupted her. 

"But hftVB you no fricnils, no relatives, that I 
may send for ? Where is your home ?" atked 
tho lady, compassionately. 

" ' Home ! friends !' " and the wrelclied woman 
rnisd herself on her elbow, pushing back her 
tangled hair, and speaking in a hollow voice, 
then, closing her eyes witii a shudder, while a 
few crushed tears silently trickled down her 
transparent cheeks, she waved off lier visitor 
with feeble hands, moaning, " Go, leave me ! I 
shall die unknown — alone 1" 

The kind lady stood by, filled with generous 
pily. Perhaps this wretched creature had known 
atlluence, home, and sheltering care ! It seemed 
evident that some might still be living on whom 
she had a claim, for she mnltercd meaningly, 
" I will not tell them — they have deserted mc — I 
will die alone I" 

"At least I will go out and procuio some 
things to make you eoinfortablo," said the lady, 
leaving the ehambor. 

" Poor woman, sho seems in a bad way !" said 
the butcher's wife in the stall below, as tho lady 
passed. " It is over a week now, since she came 
down here. She will never como down again, 
madame ! My heart opened to the poor English 
stranger when she first came here, and took lodg- 
ings above. How did you find her, madame*" 
" She is indeed very ill, nnd cannot linger 
many days. Do you know anything about 
her ! — whether she lias friends one might apply 
to ?" asked the lady. 

" No, madiimo, she never spoke of herself, but 
I think she has seen better days, for I used to see 
rings and jewels on her thin white fingers, but 
they've gone to tho pawnbroker's long ago. 
Sho's an English lady, I think, madame." 

" Well, I will make her comfortable and send 
my servant with some wine and other things. I 
will order a bottle of wine myself from the near- 
est vintner," said tho kind lady. 

" And I will run up and sii with her, so soon 
as Jean comes in," said the butclier's wife. " I 
cjmnot leave the stall alone. What will Mon- 
sieur have a capon, or this nice golden pheas- 
ant, fresh and delicalc enough for L'EiitjjuTur's 
table'!" briskly a.'.ked tho lively Fienchwoman 
of her new customer, while the lady hastened 

But, small need was there for the generous 
lifo- inspiring vintage which the lady brought, oi- 
tho care of tho lively, kind-hearted bo.,rficoisf who, 
half an hour after, ti ipped lightly up ihe tumble' 
down stairs into the wretched elmmber; for 
white, cold and still, with tho garish sunbeams 
streaming in through the little uncurtained win- 
dow on her face, her long, thin fingers locked 
tightly about a niinifliuie painted on ivory and 
set in brillianis, tho only relic with which she hud 
not parted in the tierce struggle wuh want and 
starvation— [here, alone, in that bare, desolate 
lod{;ing room, had that poor woman met the 
mighty Angel of Death, 

So they found her-the bntehei'o wife sinning 
back to meet the retuinmg lady, with a " Mon 
Dieu! sho has gone!" on her 'lips; und when 
they went to tho bed and looked upon the min- 
iature which her fingers clasped, the bouiytoise 
said with sudden sobs, " Ali, madame, she was 
an ofKcer's wife! See, the stars and golden 



epaulets !— and / bad n brother who went to the 
wars, and never came back. I would give my 
last sou to a soldier's wife or moihcr. Mon 
Dien ! why did she not tell me, and I wotild have 
taken her into the country and nursed and tended 
her." 

" Don't blame yourself, my good woman," said 
the Indj. "1 do not think you, or any other, 
could have saved her, though perhaps her days 
might have been lengthened. Sorrow, rather 
than want, wrote those lines, there," and the 
lody tonclicd the wrinkled marble forehead. 
" Thei-c 18 ft box yonder," pointing to the 
only article in the chamber, excepting a few 
nii.^erablc chairs and a table of siraihir dcserip- 
lion, " perhaps there are pnpers. Will your hpfl- 
band sninmon tbe prefel do police ? ond cannot 
the misiress of this lodging-house be made lo 
come up and minister the last earthly rites to this 
poor being whom she has so evidently neglected 1 
Take my purse, good woman, the sight of 
money may affect her hard heart, if pity did 
not." 

The police came, accompanied by a coroner. 
An inijucst was held, then the box was opened. 
Nothing was found but a few jjawnbroker's tick- 
ets — the sad evidences of a better fortune. 

The prcfel looked upon tho miniature. "It 
must be that of an English oflicer. She was un- 
doubtedly his wife," he said. "Had seen better 
days." 

" It is like an engraving my wife has hanging 
up in her salon — my wife is Angtice, you see," 
ventured the coroner, taking his turn in looking 
at the picture, " but her's is the great admiral's, 
Lord Nelson !" 

"And here is a letter — a fragmentof a letter," 
said the lady, lurning over the papers in the box 
upon the table, " but illegible and faded — but 
that slijnalurc .' Surely, monsieur prefer, does it 
not read, ' Adieu, dearest Horatia, till the 
chances of the sea send back to your arms your 
Nelson ?' And this dead woman, then, is one 
whose story we all know — you surely have heard, 
messieurs, of Lotli/ Ilamilloii f" 

There was a sudden silence there in that 
wretched chamber; then the prcfet said, in a 
business air, "It may bo, it may be, madame ! 
I will SCO that tho body has Christian burial. 
Let us go now, while the women lobo her." 

The kind-licarted lady went away, followeii 
shortly by the hoiirffcoise who had assisted tho 
landlady in their few preparations for the arrayal 
oi the dead. 

Next day, the coroner's inquest was read in 
the morning pajiers ; but the name of the dead 
had long passed from every lip in her own 
clime — for the idols of an hoijr are soon forgot- 
ten — much less was she known there in Fiance ; 
and that day, without other audience than the 
fi lends of her death-bed — " her body laid in a 
common deal-box without any inscription — over 
the praised of statesmen, warriors poets and ar- 
tists, the funeral service was read by an olEcer oil 
half- pay." 

Why, in her dying hours, thechtUhen, born of 
her love with tho hero who died before her, aod 
to whose glorious memory ns a naval wjnqucror 
a proud monument now rises in Trafalgar 
Stjnare, were not these beside ihoir mother, we 
know not ; why England, out of pure gi atitude, 
if from no higher motive, should leave lo die, 
deserted by those who had fawned upon her in 
her prosperity, at a wretched lodging in Calais, 
the woman whom Admiral Nelson bequeathed, 
" with their children, as a legacy to his country," 
and thus stain her fair escutcheon with tho foul 
stigma of ingralitudc, we caimot say ; yet, as we 
have written, alone in a foi'eign land, the objeci 
of a poor stall -keeper's wife's charity, died tho 
once beautiful English woman, the admired and 
courted 'of gay fashionables, the companion of 
nobles, and loved of Lord Nelson — Lady Horatia 
Hamilton. 

Header, had not her career of sin brought ita 
own punishment in /Ai'»life 1 Of a troth, " The 
way of the irani^greesor is bard." 

CONSUMPTION OF GOLD AND SILVER. 

The consumption of gold and silver at the pres- 
ent day for household purposes is enormous, its 
application having increased rapidly since the d 
covery of gold in California and Australia. The 
amount ot gold and silver actually taken from 
tbe mines of Europe, is valued at twenty-five 
millions of dollars. In America, the yield is 
computed to be one hundred and forty-six mil- 
lions, and Asia pi-oduces twenty-five millions. 
Africa has no silver mines, bat produces gold lo 
the amount of nearly three millions of dollars. 
Australia is also without silver, but produces 
gold to tho lanre amount of two hundred 
millions. — ,\Vfc liW.- T/'iHct. 



BALLOrs PICTORIAL DRAWINU llOOM COMPAN^OXt. 



55 



[n'ritlen for BsUou's rictori&l | 



Dv MBS. rftxn a. bakiovb- 

Y«3, darling, In th« tmlm of dtruiM 

I'll comt to thrc, 
WbtQ deep, iu]r)l«rli)iu tutdotght gleimx 

O'er l^ui Aad «e*. 

For night U boljr-«U llio ftlr 
With life UD»e«a 
GlU'd, while eileut gu.irJbaa tlii.Tv 
Kwp tiatcU »n!ue. 

Sift-tmdlng rivep. nitli stealthy b&nd 

Ope« wide the doar. 
Dejroud nlikb glider b iIiLidowy l.^ud 

Vorcvuraiorc. 

Plm foriiK- flitting to aud frO, 

In luT YBSl hill. 

Like pUauloiiis vague, whiclt come and g« 
At word ut cull. 

TheM »ra the Icuown of long ago," 

When I iw yoting, 
Krt! yet uiy " pNilia of Vid " wa" so 

DWiucly sung. 

But Dwirwr yet a halo gleitm*, 

or woudrous light. 
And then-, within its lunihcut boaui* 

lU-ruitled to sight, 

My hope and joy eiubodiod &rp; 

Thou suiTiit OD me, 
Aud life'« glad voug ?H'«lt8 out afar 

In harmouy. 

Thou cuiift not po from me, nor I 

From thee am fur; 
While lovi? so gUJ* our durkost sky, 

Our guiding star. 



[Written for BuLlou'a Pictorial.) 

EARL ATHELWOl.l). 

A TALE OF THE TENTBL^CENTUEY. 



nr lIlliBlCS SILINOSUY. 



During the reign of Edgar, one of llie most 
illustrious and powerful of the aniient English 
kings, occtirs an ini:iJL'iit worthy of" reptlition 
There is perhaps no period in history more 
favoraUc to the davdopmcnt of romance, than 
that of a semi-harharous age ; and England in 
the tenth century, in spite of the predoBiinatin 
influence of monkish superfititiou, was by no 
maaiis deficient in this respect. 

Edgar, although he was praised hy the monks 
as a consummate statesmen (which every one 
will admit), and a man of virtue, and a s/iiut 
{which, o/cowse, no one in this age will allow), 
is now represented hy impartial historians as a 
prince of the most unsixupulous licentiouiincsa. 
It is even recorded of him that, becoming vio- 
lently enamored of Editha, a beuuliful nun, he 
broke ioto the convent and carried her off by 
force, and even gratified his base desires hy vio 
lence, for which act of sacrilege, it is said ho was 
simply reprimanded by the saintly Dunstan ; hut 
that he miglit more effectually reconcile himself 
to the church which he had desecrated, not in 
fact, hut in pretence, it is still further stated ihat 
he was obliged to retain her as his mistress, and 
to abstain from wearing that vain ornament, the 
crown, for a period of seven years. But that 
was an age in which the very semblance of vir 
lue was subservient to worldly policy, and the 
very divinity they proclaimed, was degraded lo 
the basest of political and secular purposes 
There are many other incidents of a simila 
nature recorded of this same prince ; but one in 
particular, though we shall not trouble the readc: 
by repeating it,* in which ancient as well as 
modern historians agree, shows conclusively, in 
»pil6 of the pretended piety and goodness which 
contemporary priests have awarded him, the un- 
scrupulous and lascivious character of the mon- 
arch. But the autlienticity of the one incident 
upon which we have founded our story, lias been 
admitted as a faithful chronicle by no less than 
eight reliable historians, and therefore we have 
been induee<I to make use of it as the basis of 
that which is to follow. 

Elfrida, daughter of the Earl of DevoDshirc, 
was reputed lo be the handsomest lady in Eng- 
land at that period, and the wealth and power of 
the earl rendered her a suitable inatcli even for a 
prince of the blood. The Lady EUrida, who 
was then in the first bloom of womanhood, had 
not yet been presented at court; and, though 
the prince had not yet 6ccn her, his ima^nation 
had already been inQamed to the highest pilch, 
• William Malmeabury, lib ii. cap. 8. ITlgdeo, p. 2iM. 



by the praises which had fallen from iho lipR of 
otficru concerning hi-r, and he fivreilv determined 
to leani the truth of the ramor from some one 
upon whom he eoold safely rely, and if ho found 
that the charms of the lady bad not been over- 
rated, be resolved to propose to tlie earl tor her 
hand in marringo. 

Mutters of this nature were usonlly settled in 
tho^c days by proxy — at leant among tho nobil- 
ity — and Edgar employed oiio of his favorite 
courtiers, Lord Aihelwold, to visit tho family on 
some pretence or another, and bring back lobim 
an accurate description of her per^ional appear- 
ance, before any overiun* wcro maile lo the earl. 
Atrreeubly to thi* plan, I^ord Atlielwold stortcd 
on a visit to l>evya*hire, where he was received 
with ite liighcM marks of favor, for his intimacy 
with Edgar was well known lo tho carl, ii* indecil 
t was to all those turbulent baron-'*, who '.micd 
him no Ic>s than thvy dreaded bim, in oun«o- 
luenee of the jiowerful intluuncfl which he exer- 
cised over their king. The earl waa by no means 
blind to the political advantage* which might 
accrue to himself i[i ca:«o that an alltiiiico could 
be brought about Itetweeti that nobleman and his 
daugtiter. It is true tbnt the earl wa^ lit receipt 
of an almost princely levenue, while Athelwohl, 
on the contrary, was dependent in a mcasui-o 
upon the royal bounty ; but bis high position at 
Court wfts fcuBicient to countcrbahinco mere 
wcftlth, even in the opinion of the earl, who in- 
troduced him to his daughter without reserve, 
who in turn received him with all those winning 
smiles of favor which, with lier groat beauty, had 
already rendered her so famous ihroujliout the 
realm. But what was his surjirise on beholding 
lier, to learn that the reports they hiid fieard, in- 
stead of being exaggerated, as such descriptions 
usually are, had fallen far short of the truth. 

Indeed, a more beautiful creature than the 
Laily Elfrida, it would be ditficult for the imag- 
ination even of a courtier to conjure up. In an 
instant she inspired Athelwohl, whose suscepli- 
blo heart was wholly unprepared for such an ex- 
traordinary revelation of female loveliness, with 
the most ungovernable passion. 

So completely eniliralled did he become, that 
he forgot even his duty to the king, and resolved, 
in the fi-cnzy ol tho moment, to win tho hand of 
the lady himself. A little coo! reflection at the 
time might have taught him the utterfolly of the 
step, but when, I would ask, was an impet- 
uous lover ever known to reUcct f If he bad 
stopped to consider, he would have seen the im- 
possibility of carrying out the deception, sur- 
rounded as ho was by envious courtiers ; and ho 
must have known that Edgar would, sooner or 
later, even had this not been the case, have dis- 
covered and punished this unexampled breach of 
confidence and trust ; but, as we have shown, lie 
wns completely blinded by his vehement pas- 
sion ; and the seeming love which the Lady 
Elfrida bore hill), which was no doubt genuine 
at the time, for the handsome favorite was young, 
inipiilsive, and of the highest fashion, only 
tended to strengthen it ; and after basking for a 
few hours in the smiles of this ineorrigiblo 
beantv, as she afterward proved lo bo, he deter- 
mined lo effect bis purpose by employing deceit 
and falsehood. Accordingly on bis return to 
court, he informed Edgar ■' that the riches alone, 
and high quality of Elfrida, had been the ground 
of tho admiration paid her, and that her charms, 
far from being anywise extraordinary, would 
have been overlooked in a woman of iolerior 
station." 

This explanation was received in good faith 
by ihc king, who had every reason, as be imag- 
ined, to believe in tho fidelity of Athclwold ; and 
after that nobleman, hy his deceit and cunning, 
bad succeeded in diverting his uncniion, betook 
the opportunity, after a considerable interval of 
time, to turn the conversation once mor« upon 
the beautiful heiress of the Earl of Devonshire, 
lie informed Edgar " that though the parentage 
and fortune of the lady had not produced on liim, 
as on othci^, any illusion with regard to her 
beantv, ho could not forbear rcHeciing that she 
would, on the whole, be an advantageous match 
foi' him, and might, by her birth and riches, 
make him sufficient compensation for the plain- 
ness o! her person. If the king, therefore, gave 
bis approbation, he was determined tomakj pro- 
posals in his own behalf to the earl, and doubted 
not to obtain bis as well as the young lady's con- 
sent lo the alliance." There were many after- 
wards who believed that he bad already obtained 
it in fecrct, and was only awaiting n sufficient 
time to elapse to obtain the tanciion of the king 
without exciting bis suspicion, which was known 



to I>c extrvinoly violent wlicn aroused. But 
r.dgur ivas one of ihii<p ]>ortotis who Mtinicd to 
question the integrity of those bo trustcti, lilt 
after bo bad received tlio most ample proof of 
their trcaclicry ; and sccint; »o favorable an op- 
portunity open (or proinolinK tlie fortunes of his 
favorite, he graciously sax9 his ronseni, and 
even encoumgcd Iiis *uit by forwArtling the 
most Qattering recommendations to the Karl of 
Devonshire. 

Umler these favorable auspices, wu may readily 
suppose that Aihelwold met with but very lilllu 
opposiliuu, even if he had not already obtained 
their full consent an'd uppruvul, fur vury dhortly 
after bo was rendered unspeakably happy in the 
possession of the most beautiful lady in England 
for bil wife. But from that monieut he began to 
dread the consequences of this covert avt of 
treachery to ||^kiiig, aiideniplnyed every device 
he could think of to retain Elfrida in the coun- 
try, aud out of titiht of Edgar ; but in spile of all 
his precautions, lii« enemies found means in his 
absence, lo flc.|uainltho king with the deception 
which had been pracnsed upon him, and with 
their tVetytcnt panegyrics upon the bride's beauty, 
at length (iuccfeded in intlaminghis desires luid 
exciting hH Iu.4 fiirmcr curiooiiy ; but be deter- 
mined to !inti>fy himself from pormnal ub^er- 
vation of the treachery of bis favorite, before ho 
would nllow himself to exercise vengeaneo on the 
culprit. 

Accordingly one day he informed him of his 
intention ot paying him n visit iu his castle, and 
making the acquaintance of Iiady Aihelwold, 
who, being a plain ludy, wouj^l of cour-.e excite 
no jealou^iics between them. This proposition 
from the kmt; produci d a visible siiock ujion the 
guiliy Athilwold, who could by no iiiuan»< refuse 
ihc honor, and with a Irumulou* voice he begged 
Icavo to precede him a few hours, thut he might 
have everything in leadinos.i at the castle lo re- 
ceive him. lie accordingly mounted his lior«o, 
and with a couple of attendants drove into Dev- 
onshire with idl posHible despntcli. The moment 
ho entered the courtyard, he sprung from his 
reeking steed, and flew instantly to his wife's 
chamber. He lound her with uo one present hut 
her wailing maids, and she bi.-i«g curious as to 
the cause of her lord's excitement, ordered ihom 
to retire, that she might learn tho motive which 
had brought him thus so unexpectedly from 
London. 

With quivering lips Earl Athclwold revealed 
everything to his wife, and begged her, if she re- 
garded cither her own honor or bis life, to con- 
ceal ffom the king, by tho general disorder of 
her dress and appearance, thojiO fatal chnrms 
which had been chiefly instrumental in seducing 
him from his fidelity to his friend and master, 
and which had unfortunately betrayed him into 
m many subscfiuent fahiehoods. Elfrida had 
always professed the wannest love and attach- 
ment for her husband, and when she had soothed 
bim with tho tundercst embraces, and promised 
the strictest compliance with his desires, bis 
overwhelming dread of the connequences of his 
treachery was seijsibly abated, and he awaited 
tho urriral of his kiu^'ly guest with considerable 
composure. But nothing wa* farther from the 
inteulion of tho beautiful but deceitful wife tlian 
the fulfilment of her promise. In the language 
of the historian, she considered herself little in 
debied to Athclwold for u passion which had de 
prived her of a crown ; and undcrstonding tho 
full force and power of her charms, she did not 
despair even yet of reaching to that enviable dig. 
nity. Contrary, therefore, to the expectations of 
her husband, she appeared before the king in the 
most seductive attire, and what with her engug 
ing airs, and her natural loveliocis of person, at 
once excited in his bosom tho most vehement 
love toward herself, and the most furious desire 
of revenge against her husband. 

Being bitnBolf a master in the art of disscm 
hling, he contrived to impress his victim that bis 
wife's charms had failed to produce any decided 
effect upon him, ond under cover of this subtor 
fuge, ho managed to entice Athclwold into 
wood on tho pretence of hunting, and there 
treacherously Slabbed bim with his own hand 
But murder in those days was not a capital 
offence. A king's life was valued at three hun- 
dred pounds, and a thane Or gentleman's at one 
hundred sixty. But what is more strange, the 
Lady Elfrida, although she was aware that tbo 
king had assassinoted her husband, received his 
caresses and favors wiibout manifesting the 
slightest sho v of repugnance, and was soon after 
publicly espoused by him — her husband'-, death 
paving her way to n throne. 



R.\IUtOAl> t.\C'II>E»T. 
I faw Great Heart once in a railroad train. 
He was well drw*cd, and appeared to be read- 
ing, through his upeclaclcji, thy moniinf; paper. 
A poor womtn snt opnosiip, with »i\ little chil- 
dren, the eldest srariTly n ducen year* old. The 
husband was a stupid, hatd hearted wretch, and 
fidniinisiercd Wow* unvparingly to a wearied lii- 
tlo ihinjr, who expressed its diicomfurl by cryinn 
and freitiii;; a* ibo hot du<iy air swept over bis 
Unshed face. The mother's countenance woro 
a look of patient despair and coniinunl unxit-iy, 
as the little rv^lless company sat crowded 
lordlier in a loaded car. Not one of them looked 
shabby or antidy, though very plainly dressed. 
Whrii tho engine Mupncd fi.r fuel, tho poor 
woman took out fruni a basket some bivnd and 
chce«e, which shi' di^iriiiuled sparingly among 
the little group, tireai Heart bad watclictl ibeir 
UMivemonis all tho morning;, and as a boy np- 
pronched tho corritigu with a bosket of berries, 
lie bonglit up boxes enough to gn around, and 
cave them W tho huuKry childron, whoso eyen 
^li^toited as tbev saw auch a rare dessert spread 
bcfoio them. One little v;iil, perhaps flvo \oat« 
old, wat itoortv sick, an.! iiied lo ri'si in Uer 
mulber's lap ; f)Ut the tiivd infant i1i«putctl vig- 
o^ou^ly hcrrii;ht, and nUa was oUH^^d to yi. Id 
the claim. Great Heart had been ^lavoly con- 
sidering tlio company, and lie did not henitato lu 
lake tbu poor child tenderly in his arnis, lay her 
carefully down in the seat ln' itlti liirn, with her 
bund ill hi< lap, and then gently fan her with Ids 
|i»|icr until sliu sank into a dei p, pcacuful slum- 
*"■ - Wlien wo Mopped for v.ur dinner, wo Kaw 



them hU kcaied by .x hcnuiiful table, loaded with 
luxuries to whicb ihcy >eenied almom Nlrangers, 
jet which they kno^v vurv well how lo n|)))rociaIu. 
We knew it was Croat ituart's, an<i wo mcntidly 
bloscil the kind, gcnorous natme that bud ibua 
bed sunsliinc on tbe hard piithwny of the bum- 
ble strangers. — C/uiyluiii WUh/tinaa. 



A niJHSf.%.\ IIAIIV. 

Itussian babie.i aro always swaddled and 
rolled up in bandages, so that tliey may con- 
eniontly bo put awny without risk of getting 
tbemielves into iniNctiicI or danger, On enter- 
"lis one of their liomes, an entbu^iiistic iraveller 
thinks lie has cumo upon <oinu pagan tribe, hnv- 
ng their idols and poitates, with tbo heads well 
carved out, and tho rest of the body left in block. 
He looks curiouxly at one hud upon a shelf, 
another liuni; on the wall on a pci;, a third slant; 
over one of tho main beams mf tbo roof, and 
rocked by tho mother, wbo hits ibe lurd looped 
over her loot. " Why that is u cliibl I" cries tbo 
traveller, with a feeling; ^ilnilur to lluit experi- 
enced oil m-ading upon a toad, which was »up- 
I»oscd to be a stone. " Wby, what elseshoidd it 
be '." answers tbo moibcr. Having letirnt mi 
much in no hhort a time, the iiiqaisiiive trnvellcr 
widies to inform himself about tlie habits of the 
creature ; but bis curiosity being j-omewbal 
dampened hy the extrcuio dirt of the little (iirnre, 
he iufpiiros of the parent when it was wa-thed, 
Washed ?" shrieks the horrilied mother ; 
washed I what, wash a child ! Vou'd kill It," 



BltiKlvlAIVB' IMOVULCTTE.S! 

We hato now on hand and fur solo, tho following bril- 
liant utorlcii, In bound form, riVA/y I'l/u.iiraffd with largo 
or'^i'iia/engravlngii, and lormlng the ohrtipert borks lu 
price aver nffered to the public, Kvery uno of ttvro 
ttork* was wrltl«u e&proMty for this GatablUhmont, and 
Ihp copyright h leeuri-d ncconllng (o law. We will lend 
nlogle copii-ii by uiall, pom paid, for iwtnty unit oorb; 
or itx cople«, }ioU paid, for i/ni ilutlar. 

THE SMUQOLEE: or. Tin Bioans or tiii CoAtt 

Tlih \f lU'kiioHlrdged to tu Cubh'a urvaleal aud licit 
noToti-tti', full U) thu brtui of vIvM [uoldvnl, Mith- a 
diM-ply lnteriM.tliig plot. By. SYLVANUi <!ODB, jR. 

CAPTAIN BELT: Tim llcrr-i Kitgn or rnt Ouit- 
A roriiuiitk .''t"ry vf (he tttta and thn Shoro Till* I* 
aiiotluT -if tlnrim KrapUlc "wii nt/rlc* for which our au- 
thor U Tlumxim liy ¥. Cl.l.STON IIAllltlNOTON. 

THE BL&CK KNIGHT: or, T«i WA»i>«Bi!-a Wonn- 

M[kV. Till* In a, clinrucLiTlallc rouianci- of tho day* of 
oUlTalry, nrlntu In our author's usual taking vtylr. 
lly ba J, II. ItOltlNSON. 

IVAN THE 8BBP; or, Tut IIu»«ia* a»i> Cnui»«»i*«- 
Tlili- U H hlKlily irnphk tJiie of llf", dome>tk and mili- 
tary, In Itusola, Turkey and ClrviuAln. dut^lling •cun«fl 
uf thrilling Inlermt. By AUSI'lK (I KUItDlCK. 

THE SEA LION : or. Thr faivvrf-Eit ociiir. 1*i!I«ob*i'ot. 
Tlil< l< a i-OiTy ot ocean lir>.% (old lu the author'* uhuoI 
iit> k lit liit'in-'C At) lutcuvely InUmtlng etory . ei|Ukl 
to [lio b'xt Uy UVLVANtiSCOOIl. Jn. 

THE HOYAL OBEENS: or, Tiis Hcout ow rna SSvt- 
m.<*i<A>>A. A laiu ul tragic Int^iriml In tho Vallay of 
W>ornluic, duriug tlix day* of our rrrolutlonary *truf • 
gl,- ii) I>a. J. H, ItOBISBON. 

THE OCEAN HABTYB: or. Tu« uusTsa 8pr or 

VmoiMA Thi* iaaaulhnr tavorlle Ki-volutlonnry •tory 
of and Hhorci, fur ivIilcU tliv writer U *o popular. 

JJy SVIA'ANlifl IjOUB, Jh. 

THE ABKAN8A5 BANGER: or, Dis-iLs tiik Ba- k- 

VDHitHss A »lvla rl.jr¥ ot Hunt and Wf-l, nnritalkil 
|[i plot and cU^vmok-r By LIKUTKNANT MUltltAY. 

THE PH4NT0M OF THE SEA; or, Tun Rr.i. r.u.HH 

AMI riiK i;B«i':e!'T. A «lor* of Mu«tm May antl Ihe 
SlcJilfrmniMn. A nanllcal romaijceol Tlviil lnt*ri-"t«nd 
Kr<^.tttnx<-nulty of plot. , lly FKANCI» A- bUKlVAllK- 

BED HAND; or, Thc Cavisiu of tiiis Eholihu Ciiab- 
.itL A smpliic iiauU''al and land etory of Kiiglnud 
durlnK I'lr lliric* of Oll*cr rrom«i«ll and the Uodj- 
uioDw.-a!th Uy V CLINTON ItAHIlINUTOH . 

THE MAID OF THE RANCHE: or. Tick IUivla.- 

TOBi «io iloKiuxums. A talBfirUrcuu thrTnuin Bor- 
der. In it-, tfifly bi'imy. By .Dfl J U ilOBINfiOS- 

THE WITCH OF THE WAVE : "'. Ta* Hot ib'sCap- 
iivK, ThU i» a iru.- »i--> oiory. writun by a Ituo »ca- 
luan. It I' a* cAntlralinK " nuulical "tory a^ Cooper's 
famou. ll^d ltov»>. By. .C.pr HKNKY 1', CUEEVBR. 

PAUL LAKOON: or, Tur ^rnvmt or the Ajtrnxts. 
Tlii» 'I'Ji * I* ona which ha* btt-n ffpubllshtd by u* on- 
ill «<.- nn' pn-jwnt Ibi' fift'tnth ••diUon. aud U uild to 

be Mr- C^bb.i"(. By !)VLVANi;S COBB, Jn 

M. M. BAIXOt', PuUuAf, 
No. !22 Winter (Street, Boston, Mass. 
0:7" For nail' at all of th* periodical depots 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM C OMPANION. 




EMIGRANT TKAIN ATTACKED BY INDIANS. 



(SpooUl CorroiponJenco of Ilie Plelorlnl.) 
CAIilFOKMA OVERLAND ROUTE- 

San ViiAHi'isco. L'^uroBNU, 

M. M. Bai-lod, Ebq,, Dear Sir,— AHor a 
pretty extensive tour in Cnlilomin, I nm nt lenfitli 
estnblisticd for the n-inrer licrc, with iheiiiteiilion 
of resuminp my wMtwnni line of Irnvel next 
Bprint, visilill^' the Snndwicli Isluiida, mid piob- 
HDlyJftpDii and Chinii, before re.iurninc liomo. 
All tho time I can spare from ibo sptoinl busi- 
noss Ibftt broujibt me lo Ihe Innd ot gold, I shflU 
devote to working up (iniitbcd drawings from tho 
photogrnpliB and rou|;li skttchcs with which my 
porifolio IB filled. Many of them are not of 
general intercBt, nnd only valuable to myself us 
memoirs of trnvel, memorandfi ol personal ad- 
ventures, likenCHSca of pereonnl friends and «c- 
quuintanccB, but it will not be diflicnlt to ^elert 
some wbiib the great world of your patrons may 
find acceptable. The enclosed dniwingH will, I 
hope, meet your views, nnd prove avaihible. 
They are reminiscences of our loilcomc overland 
journey last spring, the excitement and strange- 
ness of which ovorbiilanced the fatigue and dan- 
ger incarrod — for I, too, like other travellers, con 
tell of " huir-brcadtb 'scapCB," — I was going lo 
say of hair brtat/th tcalpx, tboiigb no one of 
our party oclually left his " ambrosial locks " in 
tho nancfs of tho coppor-colored gentlemen whom 
we met on tho war-pulli. One of my drnwings 
rcprcBentfl this little incident of travel, latterly 
rather an unusual one. Yet no emigrnni party 
should go, and none docs go, with- 
out preparation for such contin- 
gencies. Tho best arm, whether 
fur Indian-fighting or for killing 
buffalo, is Colt's largo revolver — 
the small sized ono is very handy 
for a close thing. With plenty of 
these tools, and a few western 
rifloB in Ihe hands of men accus- 
tomed to bring down prairie chick- 
ens or squirrels with a single ball, 
wo easilv succeeded in beating off 
the red-sVins.loaTing some of them 
on the ground as trophies of our 
valor. I have, reluctantly, come 
to regard the Indians much in the 
light in which they are viewed by 
tho froniiersmen, tbat is about on 
B par with wild beasts. Thov arc 
dirty, sneaking, thievish beings, 
degraded and sensual, when not 
brought into contact with whiles, 
and by such contact acquiring 
only the worst vices of the whites 
without any of their higher qnali- 
lies. It has been the fostiion to 
ascribe nearly all the vices of tho 
Indians to while in6uence, bat 
they are bad enough in their nat- 
nral state. PoeUand story-tellers 
henceforth may fill volumes in 
praise of the " noble savage," but 
I ^hall no more listen to their 
syren song. In my youthful days 
Cooper's Indian morics was my fa- 
vorite reading, but I have learned 
10 know that Dr. Bird, in the 
" Jibbenainosav, or Nii k of tho 
Woods," was far more truthful in 
his portraitures. Yet, after all, 
they have some good traits. It' 
you throw yourself oo their hos- 
piialilv, they will not injure you, 
andwdl share all they have with 
you : thouirh, probably they will 
not hcBitate to rob you of such 
trinkets and knick-na'cks as they 



covet, though you may sleep on the same blanket 
nnd beneath tho same skin tent. Neither has 
their stoicism been exaggerated. Last spring I 
camo across an Indian bravo whose left hand had 
just been shattered by tho bursting of his gun. 
He uttered no complaint — not a mnscle of his 
face quivered, and he sat smoking his pipe un- 
roncernedly, na if nothing had happened. I 
should think such accidents roust he frequent, 
from the worthk-ssncss of many of the guns they 
use, and from the nticr reckless manner in which 
ihoy load and handle fire-arms. 1 have said that 
the Indians rarely attack trains now-a-days — past 
experience has langht ihcm that it is rather un- 
wholesome to meddle with live Yankees, as their 
bolters have found out in many a bloody encoun- 
ter on sea and land. It is hoped that the in- 
creasing travel, and the posts established by the 
ovcHand mail, will finally put a slop to encoun- 
ters wiih Indians. What a triumph of Yankee 
pluck nnd perseverance that same overland mail 
18, by tho way. Now give us a Pncific Itailroad, 
and San Francisco and Boston will bo near 
neighbors. Another of my sketches is of a moro 
pHcific character, and represents our party pursu- 
ing its peaceful hut tired march across the plains. 
The slow progress of a train, and the monoto- 
nnns charocier of much of the scenery on tho 
route, tries tho patience of a nervous man ex- 
tremely. It is almost as bad as a cnlm on the 
Atlaniic. Another of the enclosed drawings is 
an accurate representation of tho parly fording 
the river Platte. In the spring, whin the melted 



snow swells tho descending torrent", tho river is 
not fordiible, and at all seasons of the year cross- 
ing is an arduous nnd critical task. It ie inter- 
esting to see how horses and oxen used lo western 
irnvol accommodate themselves to its exigencies. 
With inud up to their necks, the patient animaU 
wallow along, stopping now and then to rest and 
get breath, and then pushing on again, using 
Uieir muscular strength to the very bust advan- 
tage. Cattle unu.sed to tho trial would bo ruined 
by their frantic exertions. 

Among the drawings I send you, is one of the 
famous " Devil's Gate," of which you of course 
have heard. It is a rocky chasm through which 
the " Sweet Water " flows. The precipitous ele- 
vation on the left affords a view of the section of 
the twisted range of rocky cliffs and mountains 
which extend for miles along the course of tho 
Sweet Water river. Tho bold bluff on the right 
which compresses the river into a narrow chan- 
nel, presents a perpendicular wall of granite from 
four to five hundred feet high, and half a mile 
long, and gradually slopes into the elevated 
plains. For some distance above the mouth of 
the yawning gap, the river is broad and tranquil, 
but here it rushes down through the canon, 
foaming and bounding over the huge boulders 
that have fallen from the cliff above. The 
" Devil's Gate " is certainly a striking and note- 
worthy place, and is a short distance from Inde- 
pendence Rock, on tho othvr side of the South 
Pass. 1 will wiite again soon. 

Yours truly, T. G. F. 



WOUNDS OF THE BRAJPf. 

Nothing in natore Bcenis more capricious as to 
the effects she causes lo enane than in wonods of 
the brain. Sometimes a slight fall, or a trifling 
blow that docs not hreak the skin, proves fatal in 
n short time ; and at other times not only may 
the ekull be pierced or fractured, but largo pieces 
of the sknll-bone be removed, as by trepanning, 
and a considerable portion of tho cereorum or 
upper portion of the brain itself be lost, nnd yet 
the functions of life be curried on for year.''. If, 
however, the cerebellum, that is the lower nnd 
back part of the brain, be injured, it is a different 
matter. A slight wound there produces imme- 
diate death. But a man may, in certain circum- 
stances, lose a teacup full of brain without death 
or tho loss of reason even for an instant. Per- 
haps this may go far to show that the brain ia 
the organ through which tho mind acts, but 
nothing more. The mind is a whole nnd entire 
thing, independentof its organs of operation. 

A few years ago a man, in bloating, exploded 
his charge too soon by ramming it down with an 
iron bar or drill. The drill was driven up through 
the roof of his mouth, through tho brain, of 
course, and through the top of his skull, high up 
into the air. The man got into a wagon stand- 
ing near, and drove some distance homo. No 
one supposed he could live ; bat he actually did 
survive for some months, with hia senses perJect, 
and wo have not vet heard of his death. 

Another case was that of a welt-digger, who, 
while in a well, had his skull broken in by the 
fall of a heavy timber on hia head. He was 
taken out insensible, and remained so for ten 
days, his death so momentarily expected that 
trepanning was not oven tried until the end of 
that time. By degrees he recovered his mind 
pcritctly, and even his strength, so far as to be 
able to walk about tho room, after losing a 
considerable portion of the brain itself. Althongh 
near sixty, a new bone began to grow ; and this, 
at tho end of about eighteen months, proved his 
death, owing to a small spike of the new bone, 
not half an inch long, growing down into the 
brain, producing irritation, pressure and death. 

It ia, then, not tha loss of the substance of tho 
brain that is so much to be feared, as the irrita- 
tion and inflammation which ensue. Congestion 
of the brain may stupify, or hemorrhage through 
tho rupture of 'the blood vessel, cause death. 
But, as wo hav« taid, quite a considerable quan- 
tity of the upper portion of the brain itself may 
be abstracted without necessarily orcasioning 
death, and, in some instances, without sensibly 
impairing the senses or mental powers. There 
is, however, we suppose, no doubt, a loss of 
nervous forces, especially of tho power of en- 
durance, in all such cases. Still it is worth 
whilo to bear in mind the distinction between the 
effects of the loss of the brain and tho least 
pressure on it. Whether this pressure is pro- 
duced by an external wound, or by an internal 
determination ot blood, whenever it prevents n 
supply of pure and healthy blood flowing freely 
and continually through all the vessels, the men- 
tal action instantly assumes a disordered charac- 
ter. Remove the pressure, and sometimes the 
restoration will be ns sndden. The removal of a 
portion of tho skull that has been fractured and 
indented three jreara previously, was known, in 
the case of a sailor, at once to restore him to a 
state of sanity, although with a perfect oblivion 
of the whole intermediate time.' Whether con- 
gestion of particular portions of tho brain ia not 
tho true mode of accounting for the occasional 
idiosyncracies of many men, and beyond what 
is oriiinarily supposed, who shall say 1 — Phita- 
ilflphia Ledger, 




E^^QRANT8 ON TIffi ROAD, CROaSING THE PLAINS. 



BALLOU'S PirTORTAL DKAWIXO-ROOM COMPANTON. 



57 



THE INDIGO PLANT. 

The indigo plant is a beautiful, bright green 
grus, or shrub, and is called a biennial, bccnasc 
it passes through all the pha«e« of its existence 
Id two years. Ita leaves coosist generslly of a 
coUcctioD of leaflets arranged, alternately, one 
above the other upon each side of the petiole or 
leaf sialic. At the base of the lea/ stalk, but 
separated from it, arc two leafleu called upon, 
which are distinguishable from the others by 
having no vein down the middle. The seed- 
Tessel of the indigo plant is like that of the com- 
mon pea. Once sown in a loose and dark eoil, 
the indigo plant requires no further can, until 
the lime comes for cutting it. As the rainy sea- 
son approaches, and the red blossoms begin to 
appear, the planter hastens to have it cut, for 
fear of the dye being washed away or spoilt by 
the inundatiuns. In the month of July, parties 
of Hindoos may be seen in the indigo planta- 
tions iu the upper provinces, clipping the bright 
green leaves and twigs to the level of the ground, 
followed by others who, picking op the plants as 
they are cut, bind them together and load them 
upon carts. 

From the fields the indigo is taken into a 
building called a vat, which is about thirty feet 
broad and forty feet long. There are steps out- 
side, leading to a platform within the huildint;, 
from which a sort of immense bath is scon filled 
with the plant. Water being then let in from a 
reservoir, the indigo is allowed to ferment for 
about fourteen or sixteen hours. At the end of 
that time, the plant becoming entirely decom- 
posed, and the water turning quite green, it la 
allowed to rua into another building called a 
beating vat. A doxcn natives, with acarcvly any 
covering upon their ImdieR, and with their skins 
dyed blue, may he seen here, striking the liquid 
with long sticks, and making a sound like the 
splashing of oars in a river. When at work 
they shout and scream, as indeed they always do 
when trying to exert their strength. After hav- 
ing been beaten for about three or four hours, 
and the grwu liquor having become blue, just as 
our black blood becomes red from contact with 
oxygen of the air, it is left alone, to allow the 
sediment to settle at the bottom. The water is 
then gradually drawn off by taps fixed at equal 
distances in the sides of the vat, leaving a beau- 
tiful, soft, blue, pulpy mailer, like very thick 
creatn, on the floor. This blue cream is next 
boiled, until no froth or scum rises to the sur- 
face, and the blue cream looks as smooth as 
liquid glass. It is then |)oured into huge sieves, 
made by stretching coarse cloth over wooden 
frames, through which the water strains ofi" grad- 
ually, leaving the indigo of the consistency of 
cream cheese. It is still, however, unfit for 
travelling to Calcutta, and from thence to all 
parte of the world. It must, therefore, bo put 
into boxes with perforated bottoms, where every 
drop of moisture is finally squeezed out by me- 
chanical pressure. The pressed indigo is then 
cut into cakes al)out three inches square, and is 
put into a drying-bouse, where it remains for 
three months. 

The indigo is now fit for packing and travel- 
ling. It is truly astonishing to see the quanti- 
ties of this paste which are annually sent from 
Bengal for the use of the painters and dyers 
distributed all over the globe. Indigo, however, 
is not only employed in dyeing blue, but it is 
necessary for the production of almost every 
other color. The indigo plant in itself is per- 
fectly harmless, while the indigo paste prepared 
from it is a rank poison. When rubbed with 
the finger nail, the paste assumes a color. The 
smell of an indigo factory is very disagreeable ; 




and the Hindoos who work in it, besides having 
their bodies dyed of a dreadful color, are very 
meagre ; yot they are contented with the work, 
and do it well. 

An European indigo planter in the interior of 
India leads an isolated life, which, however, is 
not n-itliout its enjoyments. His business, 
though it has its anxieties, is not irksome, llu 
often lives twenty or forty miles from any other 
European; but tnis does not prevent him from 
making and constantly receiving visits. One of 
the annoyances of a planter's life is the plague 
of flies. All over India they are a great nui- 
sance during the rainy season, but nowhere to 
such a degree as in the vicinity of an indigo 
factory, where they are attracted by the smell. 
When the servants are preparing the table for a 
meal, they put a white muslin cloth over the 
plates, cups and saucers, and in an instant it is 
covered with black flies. Before taking off the 
muslin cloth, the beai^;r begins pnlling the large 
heavy punkah or fan, which has generally a deep 
fringe at the edge of it; the waiters whisk about 
small fans in every direction to keep the flics from 
off the table; and as soon as the tea is poured 
out a silver cover is put over the cup. The cul- 
tivation of the indigo plant is carried on at pres- 
ent in India, Egypt and America; but the boat 
indigo is manufactured in the Bengal presidency. 
French, Germans, Italians, and the Arabs have 
all in turn tried to cultivate the indigo bearer in 
their own countries, and have always failed, — 
Scientfjic Journal. 



THE DEVILS GATE. 



INCIDENT IN DO(;»I..4S JERROLD'S LIFE. 

About seven o'clock in the mornini:, uu the 
firet day of the year 1S16, the (,'btnbiini boat ar- 
rived in London. A sharp, damp, and foggy 
dawn very appropriately ushered in to Mr. Sam- 
uel Jerrold tiie three or four sad years ho was 
destined to spend within the sound of Bow bell. 
His son Uougla'i, whoso coal had been stolen from 
the cabin, and who, tliercfore, trudged, for the 
first time, along London streets hardly prepared 
for the fog or the cold, probably felt neither the 
sharpness of the wind nor the sutTocating ten- 
dency of the fug. The scene was new to him, 
and all that is new is welcome to the young. 
Holding his sister by the hand, he walked the 
streets for some minutes on his owu responsibil- 
ity, while his father stepped aside to comfort 
himself with a draught of purl. The young 
middy might well try thus early, even for a lew 
minutes, me effects of walking alone in London, 
A house in Broad Court, Bow Street, received 
the family — a humble lodging enough ( hut the 
general peace, and the confiscation of llio land 
upon which the theatre stood, had ruined them 
utterly. Fortune, food, had to be sought. Let 
me not lightly pass over this time. It is the key 
to the after character of him whoso life I have to 
set before the reader. This Broad Court, with 
\Ut dingy houses, its troops of noisy, ragged 
hoys, its brawls and cries, was my father's first 
impression of the great city. Hero, too, for the 
first time, ho came to hob-and nob wiUi the stern 
realities of the world. As yet he had passed a 




WORDING THE FLAITK AT HIUII WATKK. 



youth not remarkable for \x» viciflsltndcfi, and lio 
iitid been two yearn in liis mujesty'M navy ; in thn 
|i>)Nition, and with the prospects of a gwnlleman. 

When a homo is brolten np it is the jiositiun of 
iho children that oppresses your heart. You see 
their neat clothes give way to somelliing coarse 
and wretched— thoy tease with questions that cut 
to the soul. They want to have a child's party 
when ihcre is not a crust for them. They ask 
for playthings when the cupboard is empty. Yet, 
in tlio now and humbler house, you will find tlium 
happily, because insensibly, adaptintf themselves 
to a poorer station. They will occamonally won- 
der why they have few treats now, and wliy the 
liltle companions of their prosperity never come. 
Knowing nothing of that dogned sternness with 
which the world follows siictHsss— not seeing that 
father and mother are •f less account to their 
neighbors than ihey were when the board was 
bright with plentiful cheer— they still wonder 
that the old plavmates avoid lliem, Till tbo 
truth fiashos suddenly upon them — whereupon 
they cease to be children. 

Broad Court was not then, I will fondly hope, 
so dreurv a place to the children of Mr. Samuel 
Jerrold as it must have been to their parents. 
Indeed, I have proof that the young midship- 
man, still sporting bis naval uniform, looked man- 
fully about him at once, and was eager to see the 
wonders of the groat city. Ho had only just 
enlorud upon his fourteenth year ; yet had he 
begun to burn with a desire to do something — to 
bo somebody. Ho appears lo have moved about 
freely, as one preparing to hold 
his own place shortly. Naturally, 
his curiosity was first directed to 
the London thoatros ; of ihe glo- 
ries of which ho bad heard from 
the Ix>ndon actors, who had, from 
time to time, joined his father's 
Sbeemoss company. 1 have 
traced him to the Adelphi, or 
Scott's, as it was then called, 
only a few days after his arrival 
in town. On this occasion bo 
was the victim of a clever thief, 
A very authoritative person 
stopped the midshipman as ho 
walked up the passagu from the 
street to the boxes, saying : " Pay 
lure, sir!" The unsuspecting 
riiiilNhipman, anxious to reach u 
view of the stage, paid his money, 
and went rapidly I'orwanl. Pres- 
ently a head protruded from a 
piticon-hole, and again a voice 
said; "Pay here, sir!" Tbo 
midshipman stopped, and told 
the face framed m the pigeon- 
hole that he had already paid. 
At this moment a gentleman 
camo up. The midshipman's 
statement proved that the first 
man who had demanded payment 
wuB a very expert swindler. The 
fxiy had no more money, and 
he was about to turn in bitter 
disappointment away, when the 
gentleman, who bad heard his 
story, took him by the hand, paid 
fur him, and conducted him to 
the boxes. That was a kind 
g.'ntieman, be it remembered ; 
and on many evenings, when the 
coDveraation haa wandered back 
so far as 1816, have unknown 
friends wished him God-speed on 
his way through life. — Ticknor A,- 
Fields'* aiilion of the memoirs vj 
DoiujUu Jemid. 



58 



BALLOU'S 



PICTORIAL DEAWING-ROOM (X)MPA^vION^ 



(WritUn for DMIou'b PioU)rlftl-l 



BY WltT ». PAO». 

OfttliPring "P (he ?t«r-gem< 

Tlmt m from tiie lirow 
Mof ulog ever tlio lilllUip* 

ScMU-n luT goldeii ll«l>'- 

All over tlic ilfwy Tnllpy», 

lAUKhl.iKly J"*". 
Art- Plnjl-'K -l.l"i"""-ln£«unb«mi 

gbook from Iti-r dhltiluff crown. 

AnJ nil 111 rough the dfi-p, J^P for"t. 
Slloiitnod rhlll>tri<l gmy. 

H'covlug llie wub of duy. 

Tho bliie-boll down In tllo mowlow 

Timidly \unMh 
And «howrr« of riiikirlng llglit^droji* 

DriuwlnKs jmrplueup. 

Tho (nil pini' tree on the uplnnd 

lljiiM'th II' I)rli'llliig«plr('J', 
And llfflil " '">'^° 

Eiirit nlciiiItT (Ihrw Urn*. 

JJiit ouwnrd tin' ranrnlug MHh, 
Wlih dow on her IwlnklliiK fwt, 

And Uio noon couius Iiitily cruoplng 
Along In tlio liti»y heal. 



[Wrlf.Wu fur Uallou'fl I'lctorlul.] 

KEUIiEN JAMES. 

AN OLD MA-N-OF-WAB'S MAN. 

Ill Lf. olJOIlOE II. I'RIinLK, U.S.N. 

"DIfd lit th" NuvftI lloojiltal, WaflUlnglOD, Docomtier 
y, 1H3«, Itoubnu Jiiuii'", Huiuuau." 

I,ooiciNfi ovLT n. lilc of old newspapers, llio 
iibovo . simple annoiiricuiiiciit of lliis liuinblo in- 
cliviiliin.1 cBuglit my eyo iiiiJ imested my fttieu- 
tion. I was both gricveil mid surprised llmtono 
short sentence WHS fonsideiod ii siiflicicnt memo- 
riul of tlio mini who saved tlie lilo of Decatur, 
and who linivod tho hatllo and llio breeze for 
more than thirty yonrs in llio service of his coun- 
try, lusptrud with tlicso feelings, I sat down 
and wrote oiil llio following sketcli ol liia Bor- 
viccs as a. liitlu moouiiiciit to his luciuory. 

lieubon ■lames was born in tho county of Sus- 
sex, Stale of Deliiwaiv, in tho yciy 1777, aud 
wlieii (juilo young went to sea in u UKTchnntman. 
In 17'J7, when but twenty years of a^'e, lie found 
more congenial employment on board u privn- 
tecr. SooQ after joining hor, she fell in with a 
I'Vcnch privateer, of superior force, olf Guada- 
loupe, and was captured. On his return to llio 
United States, ho Bhip|iod in the naval service, 
and anilod tor tho finit time in tlio frigate Con- 
stellation, Commodore Thomas Truxton, 

During this cruise ho had a part in capturing 
tlio French Irigaie L'lnsnrgonte, and stood to 
Ilia quarters during her action with L' Vengeance, 
a vessel of superior size and force to the Constol- 
lalion, which resulted in her sheering off under 
cover o( the night, after uu ohslinate engage- 
ment, tho Constellation being uiuible to pursue 
Iior from having lost her mainmast. 

His next service was on hoard tho frigate 
Prcsideiil, when she sailed, in ISOl, under Com- 
modore Dale, fur tho Mediterranean. His term 
of service expiring while at scu, lie re-entered on 
board the frigate Chesapeake lor service in the 
same sea. In (he harbor ol Gibraltar he voluu- 
toored on board ilio schooner Knierprise, com- 
manded by Lioutonant (afterwards Commodore) 
Isaac Hull. While he was on board they gave 
cha*e to a Tripolilan sloop-of-ivar, which, alter 
some sharp fthooting, blew up, whether from 
accident or by design is not known. 

In 1803, ho was one of the sixty men selected 
by Decatur to destroy iho frigate riiiladclphia 
ill the harbor of Tripoli. The success of that 
bold project is loo well known to need repetition. 
It is enough to suy it was pronounced by Lord 
Nelson " iho inosl bold and during act of the age." 
He continued in tlie squadron, and in 1S04, in 
the attack upon the batteries, was on board tho 
gunboat commanded by Decatur, tho commander 
also of the first division. It was there and then 
tlmt he showed a devoledncss and nitachntcni to 
his commander which has never been surpassed. 
CapUin Decatur was at the lime engaged with 
the commander of a Tripolitiui gunboai he had 
boarded, fur having treacherously shot his broth- 
er, and while fiercely contending, James observed 
another Tnrk aiming a blow ai his head. Un- 
able to contend with ihis treacherous assaiiaut on 
his beloved commander, from having both his 
hands disalded by wounds, ho sprung between 



|,im and the sabro, and received the blow on Ins 
own head, whereby he wa* «cvcrely wounded. 
A small peoBion was allowed Iiim for ihm ser- 
vice, " particular account of which i* narraied 
in tlie "NuvttI Temple," though the name of 
[hii liumble hero is not there recorded. 

Soon flf.or this event, CaplAin Kobinson pur- 
chased four gunboats in the Gulf of Venice, and 
there being a scarcity of olliccrs. James was as- 
signed the command of one of ihcm. Getting 
ncparated from the oihcrs at sea, he was picked 
up by a merchantman and taken to ftlossiua and 
placed under charge of tho American consul. 
He was next IransCerred to llio brig Syren. Cap- 
tain Smiih, and received an appointment as act- 
ing gunner, in which capacity he continued to 
servo until a pea<'o with Tripoli was concluded, 
when he rciuriicd lo ilic United States in gun- 
boat No. G, Captain Lawrence. * 

During the ombar'-o he was on board tliC 
frigate Chesiipcako, and afterwards on board 
the frigate United Slates, under the command 
of his old favorita Decatur, The L'nilcd Suites 
reniaiiiod at Norfolk, as guard-ship, uniil tlio 
decbiraiion of war, when nhe went to sea. 

During the second crnise, -lames continuing 
Htiil on board, they fell in with, engaged, and 
captured the line frigate Macedonian, in the 
hinguage of the Knglinli iheinselve* — " th© fine.st 
frigate in the English service." Aftortliifl mem- 
orable action the United States put into New- 
York, refilled, and sailed— was pursued by tho 
British 8(]uadron, and escaped by running into 
the liorbor of Now London. There tho crow 
and ollicers, including of cour.se our hero, were 
transferred to tho frigate Tresident, which ship it 
is well known was caiitured by the British squad- 
ron, after having silenced the Endymion, a frig- 
ftlo of hor own force. It is disgraceful to Eng- 
land that she has given medals to tho captain 
and officers of the Endymion for tho capture of 
tho Pieeidenl, and perhaps not less disgraceful 
to tho ollicers that they received such lying tes- 
timonials. In this action James received three 
wounds. Another "old salt," who was living 
a few years since, and had boon a participator in 
several of the aciions of tho last war, told me 
that this was by far tho bloodiest of any of 
them. 

When war was declared against Algiers, wo 
find James, discontented with the hard knocks 
ho had already received, again shipiied in the 
service on board iho frigate Guerriero, Commo- 
dore Decatur — still following the forlunea of his 
favorite captain. Whileon board tho Guerriero, 
he assisted in the capture of an Algcrino frigate, 
bearing an admiral's Hag, and proceeded to Al- 
giei"S, where a tieaty was completed highly hon- 
orable to the Americans. 

His npxt service was in tho Independence ship- 
of-lhe-line. Commodore llainbridge, and succeed- 
ing that again on board tho Gnerriere, Commo- 
dore McDonough, in the Mediterranean. 

His next rcshipmcnt, for three yeai-s, was 
served under Commodore David Porter, on tho 
West India station, in breaking up those nesls 
of buccaneers that at that time swarmed around 
the keys and coves of tho island. Af.cr this ser- 
vice he sailed for the Pacific, on board his old 
ship tho Guorriero, Commodoio Thompson, 
where ho remained another three years. 

iiis next term of service was passed on board 
the receiving ship at Norfolk. Ho then re-en- 
tered for another three years, and sailed for the 
Pacific in the frigate liraiidywine, but was 
obliged to return on account of ill health, and 
was received at tho Naval Hospital, Norfolk, in 
1S35. His health having become ])artialiy re- 
stored, he proceeded to Washington in October 
of the same year, for the purpose of obtaining a 
pension, ho being at that lime sixty years of age, 
thirty-three of which had been passed by him in 
tho naviil service of the Uniied States — having 
continued In it through all the wars, and partic- 
ipated in tho most brilliant of our naval actions. 

It has been and still is the custom in the navy 
to give the sailors on certain tinniversai-ies an 
extra glass of grog, something more than the 
u;nal daily allowance, or as it is technically 
called, " allowing tliem to splice the matnbrace " 
— Jack being in one sense the main brace of tho 
ship. Our veteran, like most old-time sailors, 
was an ardent admirer of strong waters, and lell 
it a duly to celebrate an unusual number of 
these anniversaries, and thus contrived for him- 
self many merry-makings. Besides our national 
anniversaries, he always celebrated his own birth- 
day, which somehow came ottener than once a 
year, the birthday of his favorite commonder 
Decatur, the anniversaries of his " ten fights 



the officers seldom 
" whenever ho plead 



niid ns many skrimmnge*, 
refu-^ing him the extra "tot 
the occasion. , , 

He was acquainted with all of tho older afii- 
cers of the service, and had sailed with rnost of 
them. lie considered nil the officers, old »nd 
young, as his particular fricnd-S «nd was their 
champion, and would never allow any one wear- 
ing .ho button " to be spoken of disrespect- 
fully in his hearing. 

Soon afier bis arrival in Washington, his right 
leg, which had been injured by a musket ball, 
became extensively disea.sed, and he was ordered 
hy tho faculty of the navy to the hospital. It 
was found on examination that the only means 
of saving his lite was hy a speedy am]>utation of 
the limb. This be bore without a murmur, earc- 
(ully scrutinizing every step of the operation, re- 
marking, however, ho " thought it hard that he 
should bo put under jury-masis now that he was 
laid op." 

He lost ft good deal of blood in conserpience 
of tho diseased state of the blood vessels, and 
violent symptoms of lockjaw followed. When 
the spasms were most severe, and he had given 
up nil hope of recovery, be requested the surgeon 
to "case him off handsomely," retaining his 
courage and coolness to the last. Ho and grim 
death had jostled together for many years, and 
at length old dry bones had come u]» with bim, 
ai h« thought, and it would be no more than fair 
to let him have his own way. Unexpectedly, he 
rallied, and when it became necessary to use 
stimulants to strengthen bis battered old hulk, ho 
was asked which he would prefer, brown stout or 
brandy toddy. His rejily was characteristic of 
an old salt of the olden time— " Suppose you 
give us both, doctor." 

His visit to Washington was bo far successful 
that a pension of a hundred dollars a year was 
granted, and he was permitted lo rerautn at tho 
hospital up to the time of bis death. But for bis 
dcvotedncss Decatur would not have lived to 
have captured the Macedonian, or been so glori- 
ously captured in the President. 

It must have been observed from our account 
of this old salt and his services, thai he became a 
great favorite with the olKcci-s of the navy, and 
was allowed that privilege of tongue only granted 
to sailors who from long service are seldom found 
lault with, and never punished, and are thence 
styled "officers' chickens." James, however, 
know his place well, never took advantage of 
tho esteem in which ho was held, or was disre- 
spectfully familiar. He could not, however, en- 
dure to hear his service disparaged. 

During his service on board iho receiving-ship 
at Norfolk, an English otlicer visited the ship, 
and in excessive bad taste, spoke to tho officer 
who was attending him rather disparagingly of 
our service, while at the same time he extolled 
his own. James, who was quarter master on the 
poop deck, beard him for some time in silence, 
but at last could stand it no longer when tho 
Englishman began to talk of their superior des- 
patch in stripping ship, remarking that he had 
seen one of their frigates stripped to a girtline in 
half a day. At this James, who had for some 
time been itching lo say a word, advanced, and 
touching his forelock respectfully, said : 

" Begging your pardon, sir. but I have known 
ono of your frigates stripped in less tiiy than 
that, sir." 

"Ahl" exclaimed the officer, "have you, 
indeed. It was smart work then. What one, 
pray 1" 

" Why, sir, it was tho Gncrricre, sir; Commo- 
dore Hull, sir, stripped her, masts and all, in 
less than thirty minutes !" 

James was of course reproved by his officer, 
but no doubt with an inward chuckle at bis wit, 
which completely silenced the Englishman. 

Such is a sketch of the lilc of " Ileuben James, 
seaman," whose death has been simply an- 
nounced in the newspapers. I regi-et iluu i had 
not the data for a nobler and more complete 
monument to his memory. 



HONOR TO LABOR. 

Two men I honor, and no third. First, the 
loil-woni craltsinan, that with an earth made 
imiilement laboriously conquers the earth, and 
makes her man's. Venerable to me is the hard 
hand, — crooked, coarse, — wherein, notwithstand- 
ing, lies a cunning virtue, illdefea^illly royal, 
as of tho sceptre of this planet. A second 
man I honor, and still more highly; him who 
is seen toiling for ths spiritually iiidispeneable, 
not daily bread, but the bre*(l'of life. These 
two. in all ihcir degrees, I houor; all else is 
chaff and dust, which let the ^nd blow wbei- 
cvcr it lisicth. — Ctirli/h. 



BALLOU'S PICTOPJAL 

MATTTBIN M. BALLOU, Editor and Froprutor. 

FRANCIS A. DURTVAOE, AasiCTAXT Bkitob. 

TEItMS:— IXVABIABLY IN ADVANCB. 

One copy, one ) car ^ S2 

One copy, two jenrt * W 

Fivo copies, one year - - ■ ■ ■• ■ ■ " W 

Tivtlfu copiM, one ye*r [and one to the gcticr-up 

ct the club)-. ■■ 20 00 

rrT- One copy of Hallou's Pictobiai,. and one copy of 
The FL.VO of oua Usio^. together, &3 60 per nnuum. 



TO COURTS PON DENTS. 

M'is C B . Brooklyn. L. I , N. Y — Eaaiuiirl Waller wm 
born at L'olesliill. Englinil, In 1005. ills mother was 
u fiirtUT of the r.imous IlampJen, hi,* father a geiitle- 
muM of Rood fortune. The poet s love for the Lndy 
Dorotheji SiilDoy, whom he ci-lebnite* m elesaut vwe 
na "Sauhurifwii,'' is one of tho romiinces ol Ittersture. 
Wnller waa a Houmlhenil unJer Croniwill, .nid a loyal- 
i*t under Charleji II . and ludefd, il« destltulo of 
Bsed iirinciplps (v* hi.' genius was cf subliiaity. 
pongs iiro elegant, nnd will ninue pro.'erFe lile nauio. 
Ue died at Ueacoof.Qeld, Slst OoUiber. 

Constant Beadeb.— John the Idind. King of Bohomin, 
fell in the light ut Oreoy. in 1340, BeioB informed that 
the battle WHS lost, ho bade his itniglita coodiiel hun 
into the thickest of the fray. "And," fays quaiutold 
Fn.l-*(irt. - he rushed t-o bravely on tue enemy, that 
at each sweep of his sword went down a foe, and those 
who nttendeJ him fought in liku manner, and fell 
where tbev fought, so that on the luonow their bodies 
were found piled around tiieir lord, and their hordes 
all eloso topiither.'' j ,j 

F. U-lfh Uuut the poel is (4 jearsoragcauarrWdeB 
in a pretcv cotugo at HumuiorsiniCh, England. 

AUT-STUDEsr — A large eye is not only eoo.sislvDt with 
heiiuty, but wentlal to it, The eje of the t-agle. even 
of tho ox, is familiar in tho similes of the poet.^. Thus 
wo have tlie ■' os.eyed Juno."' The Arab expresfes bin 
idea of a woman'-s beamy by saying that uhe htw the 
eye of the gazelle. ^ , . 

J. M., Uoeisestcr, N. Y,— Enaniel is the art of variegating 
color!', laid upon or into .mother body. It i* also made 
of painting with nitrified color.s, on gold, silver, copper, 
etc., and of melting it by heat. Uorgeous epeciaienn 
of enamel upon gold wns a speciality of Uymutino 
workmanship. 

U. P.— Powers the sculptor baa resided in Italy about 
eigliteen jears. 

" 0>K OF es.""Tho pleasure boats on the _^l)sa, at at. 
Petersburgh are far gayer ihjiu the Veuetiiiu gondolas, 
which latlerare universally p;iintcd black, formerly 
they were splentliaiy decorated, and so much expen*e 
was incurred in the rivalry of fosbion. that the eeuale, 
by one of its auuipluary laws, decreed the color which 
has ever since di.'tinguislied them. 

V. M —The population of Smyrna is about 150.000, 
divided as follows: 80.000 'Turks, 40,0(10 GreekH, 



Ca 



lo.OOO Jewfl. 10,000 Armeotnne, nnd 6000 Franks. 
tuiK —Daniel U Connell died in Italy, May 15. 1847. 



TIIE OLD EGYPTIANS. 

Thales, a Pharnieiau philosopher, though horn 
in Miletus, journeyed into Egypt about six hun- 
dred years before Christ, for the purpose of study- 
ing geometry, astronomy, and philosopliy. He 
however found very poor school masters among 
the priesthood of Memphis, with whom he stud- 
ied ; for they were unable to measure even the 
height of their own pyramids. He taught ibem 
a very simple process by which to aeeomplish 
this object, and excited their astonishment and 
admiration by Iiis performance. The shadow 
cast by tho pyramids upon the surface of the 
earth, was made use of by him to determine the 
height of tho edifice. Erecting a perpendicular 
staff' of a given length, he noted the length of 
the shadow which it cast upon tho ground, and 
the proportion which it bore lo the length of the 
staff. Then, measuring the shadow of the pyra- 
mid irom ibo centre of its base to the farthest 
point, he applied the proportion between the 
length of the object and its shadow, which the 
staff had given bim, and thus determined tho 
true height of the edifice. It seems strange that 
a people of such high repute for learning as the 
priesthood of Egypt, should not have been ablo 
to solve so simple a proposition by the rules of 
trigonometry ; and still more strange ihat tlie 
off-hand expedient of Thales should never have 
occurred to them. 

The knowledge of measurement was familiar 
to the ancient Egyptians, as is clearly demon- 
strated by the regularity of structure of tho 
mighty and enduring pyramids which they have 
left behind them. Some years ago, Mohammed 
Ali, tho Turkish Tasha of Egypt, having occa- 
sion to construct a fort, ordered one of these 
monuments to be blown up, for the purpose of 
using the stone in his new work. During the 
process of destruction, a workman's measure, 
bettded in mortar, was brought lo light. It was 
a wooden rule, two cubits, or forty-two inches in 
length, and was regularly divided oft' into fingers, 
palms, and spans. This implement probably 
belonged to one of tho m;\sons employed in 
building the pyramid, llnrly -five hundred years 
ago, and wi\s dropped from his hands among the 
stones, where it hud rested and been preserved 
in the mortar fur that enormous period of time. 
This memorial of ancient art was applied to 
many of the entrances and chambers of the pyr- 
amids, and proved lo be the measure by which 
they were erected. Some French savans secur- 
ed this invaluable prize, and it is probably now 
preserved in the national collection of antiquities 
at I'aris. The entrance ways to* these pyramids 



BALLOU S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



meftsure just two c«biM ; and U may he men- 
tioned, 05 a remarkable fucC, that the duors uf the 
famous round towers of Ireland arc of exactlj- 
the same width, showing that the aoiiciU Phreni- 
cittQ colonists, by whom Ireland was first civil- 
i;^ed, and who built these towers, employed the 
same measure iu building as the early Egyptians. 

\ I>ROLL AHAIR. 

Our readers arc aware that the Frciicli court 
has been rcccnily sojoarninjj at Compeigne, for 
the enjoyment of hunting and other rurai sports. 
The priest of the neighboring Tillngo of B is 
Veil known us a man of wit and the world, a 
" good fellow," in short, and (laiie ft favorite 
with the irapCTinl offircffi. 

One ^^l\y ft caravuii of n dozen persons, ladies, 
officers, and chnmberlDins, lost their way in the 
woods, and fiiKilly came out in the village of li. 
Just then the worlliy rtin'was reading bis brevi- 
sry at \\U door. lie rose to meet the party, and 
gave them a warm welcome. They bad been 
wnnderiuK in the woods for hours, dying of hun- 
ger and thirst, and the cnplain askctl tlio priest if 
they could not get something to eat in the ^age. 

" My dear sir," said the liospitaWc priest, 
" irfn't the parsonngc liero ' Walk iu, ladic* and 
gentlemen. Catherine (liis servnnc), be alivo 
there. Ply to the cellar, the poultry -yard, and 
dove cote. Bring a table cloth, napkins, and 
plates here." 

At tiie same time the curate opened a ward- 
robe, took out a surplice, uud put it on, saying : 
"Excuse me, if I absent myself for a mo- 
ment — ijnly while dinner is getting ready. I am 
obliged to attend to a mailer which admits of no 
delay." 

" But where aro yon going, sir?" 

" O, don't be unoftsy— a paroehial duty." 

"But, sir I" 

"Are you curious to know my business V 
" Very much so." 

" I didn't wish to sadden you. But I mast call 
on a poor dying girl, I confess, this iiiorniog." 
" What is her sickness V 
" Ah, poor child — the small i>ox .' " 
AVith these words ho vanished. The guesta 
looked at each other in dismay, and then scat- 
tered, and lor many days they gave the parson- 
age a wide berth. It was no trick of the good 
priest, for lic was really hospitiihio ; but they 
could not make up their minds to patroni/.o lus 
table after such an avowal. 



Kneeling at his feet, be look her hand and 
murmured : " Metalla, sonl of my life, I have 
guessed your secret ! I restored your speech — I 
desire you to speak !" 

Metalla burst into tears, and replied : " Dear 
Max. do not cca#o to love me — I will be dumb 
again when you wishl" 

The count offered his hand, was accepted, and 
they aro to be niarrieil as soon as the dancer has 
achieved a reputation in Paris. If ihe story is 
not true — at least, it is a very iugeniotu putF of 
a very charming woman. 



.\I10rT DtlGS. 

The great naturalist, Cuvicr, says: " Tbo dog 
is the moKt complete, the most singular, and the 
most useful con(|uest that man has made from 
wild nature." Scores of distinguished nicu — 
among others. Sir Walter Scott — might be cited 
a* " friends to dogs, for ibey aro honest crea- 
tures." Napoleon I., notwitb-danding the trouble 
Josephine's pot dogs caused him, and particu- 
larly the famous Fortune, whofO body was em- 
balmed, preserved through life a regard lor the 
canine ruco. One day, at Longwood, Madame 
do Montholon wa9 driving a dog away. 

" Ah, madame," said Napoleon, " would yon 
banish the dog ! Then you do not like fidelity 

riutarch, relating bow the Athenians were 
obliged to abandon their city in tho time of 
Tlicmistocles. makes u digression to describe the 
liimcntuhle moaning of tbo dogs iliey lell (jehind 
iu Athens. One of these dugs swam to bis 
master at Salami.*, where he diud of fatigue, and 
the Alheuians honored him by a tomb, and gave 
the name of the " Dog's Tonih " to that part of 
tho island on which he was buried. 

The son of tho great Condc fancied he was 
metamorphosed into a hunting-dog, and ran 
barking about his bouse ; hut in the apartments 
of houis XIV., out of respect for tho monarch, 
hr contented himself with whining in a low tone. 

Voltaire says : " It appears that nature has 
bestowed tho dog on man for his defence and 
pleasure. lie is, of all animals, tbo most faith- 
ful, and the best friend man can have." And 
llivarol, in bis " EsBuy on Erien<lship, ' defines 
tho bond between man and the dog, as " the 
most pet feet union which exists in this world." 
Wo think that " Tray, Blanche, and Sweetheart, 
Utile dogs and all," owe us a card of thanks for 
this gratuitous puff. 



THE AK.VLIS TOWER, ViURITZIR, IXDU. 

Wo know of no monj beautiful pj>eeimen of 
oriental architecture, than tho lofty and elaborate 
structure of which we publish an accumto rcprc- 
lentalion on page A3. It stands in a charming 
grove, by the borders of a beautiful tank, who«a 
still waters reflect the rich ornamenU that deco- 
rnlo tho stately and symmetrical pile. The main 
building is octagonal iu furm, and so is the en- 
pola. Both tho latter and llio projecting vesti- 
bule are ornamented by rich and stately domes. 
The windows are sheltered by projecting cano- 
pies richly enrved, and. notwithstanding this 
gorgoouiJness and luxury of detail, the effect of 
the whole, nevenhelcss, or, perhaps we should 
say in consequents of its irregularity and eeecn- 
tricity, is pleasing. Tho origin of this tower is 
unknown, or for what purpose it was erected, 
but it has acqffted historical celebrity. In llio 
famous Sikh war, a band of Aknlis, fierce and 
fanatic, held possession of ibis tower, having con- 
slitntcd tbcmselves guardians of llie tank and 
loiiiplc. The.10 men were distinguished by a 
unifurm of blue cloth, ornamented and defended 
hy batida and chains of steel. Armed to tho 
teeth, they swoie vengeance on the invaders, and 
long after tho city had been stormed hy tho vic- 
torious troops, this Spartim band maintained 
their post. Tho Bvilisb forced an cntmncc into 
the lower story of tbo temple, and then ensued n 
terrible hand-to-band contlict,tho Akalis retreat- 
ing, lighting desperately, from story to story, un- 
til thoy reached tho summit. To repeated calls 
to anrrendcr, they only rcidicd by yells of defi- 
luicc, and, finally, when all hope was lost, they 
tiung themselves from tho parapet, and were 
either dashed to atoms or drowned In the waters 
of the tank. 80 heroic a resistance would have 
honored a better cauKO. 



A Vr:RV FRENCH STOKV. 

Among tho frequenters of the French opera, 
a very beautiful Italian woman has lately been 
the "observed of all observers," particularly 
from herresembUincc to Titian's Violante. Her 
name is Matella Sarli, and about her tho follow- 
ing true or false story is related : A young 
Frenchman, Count Max Somelhmg, left Paris, 
on account of the slanderous stories of a certain 
vipcr-tongued woman, which caused him to con- 
ceive a hon or of all feminine tongues. He was 
a constant attendant at thu Neapolitan opera- 
house, and never missed a ballet in which the 
beautifid Metalla— for she was an opera-dancer— 
figured. The Marquis Salviati, observing the 
interest the young Frenchman seemed to take in 
his fair countrywoman, oflered to introduce him. 

" The immortal gods forbid !" cried the count. 
" I love her as she is— the ideal of my fancy. 
She is charming on the stage and— mute. If I 
should hear her speak, the charm would cease." 

Shortly iifierwards, all Naples was excited by 
the rumor of a strange adventure. The lovely 
Neapolitan's carriage was run away with, and 
her frightened horses came near dashing her 
down a precipice. She was uninjured, but her 
terror deprived her of speech. The best physi- 
cians were consulted, but all their skill was un- 
able to restore her voice. 

On learning ibis, the young Frenchman con- 
sented to an introduction, and was very much 
charmed wiih the modest and lady-like manner 
of tlie unfortunate dansense. One morning, 
when he was paying her a visit, overcome by the 
warmth of the weather, and the fatigues of the 
preceding night, sfce fell asleep in spite of her 
utmost exertions to keep awake. Suddenly the 
beautiful dreamer murmured : " Dearest Max i" 
Astounded at the incident, the young man 
gently awoke her ; but tho young giri looked at 
him with astonishment, and remained mute. 
Max could not understand this phenomenon till 
he realized what he had said, long ago, to the 
Marquis Salviati—" If I should bear her speak, 
my illusiont would vanish." 



CoRRESi'ONDKMS. — During tho last few 
months we have taken much pains to interest 
competent individuals, travelling abroad, and 
especially those sailing to distant parts of tlio 
worid, 10 send us skclcliea of tho interesting lo- 
calities they visit, carefully prepared, so that wo 
Clin engrave them for our Pictorial. We have 
already commenced to receive these sketches, 
and have given three or four in our columns. 
This enterprise will be of great value and inter- 
est to our patrons, and these fine original scenes 
will be multiplied. in our pages, with care and 
accuracy. Tlieso pictures will he interspersed 
by numerous American scenes, and especially 
all notable matters of a local interest, such as 
choice portraits, tine new buildings, new ships, 
etc. We are determined that Ballous Pidorud 
shall be tho best illustrated paper in this country. 



Mr. Geo. Vandbsiiofp. — This accomplish- 
ed gentleman is giving a scries of readings before 
llie second Unitarian Society, of Brooklyn, N. 
v., in their new and elegant church. Milton's 
*' Comus " was one of tho poems selected. Mr, 
V. has just returned from a successful reading 
lour to Albany, Rochester, BufTalo, Cleveland, 
and Pittsburg. 

B.vLLOu's DoLi.AK Magazine— We receiv- 
ed, in one day, last week, Jhur hundred ami .iTen 
subscribers to our Dollar Monthly ! One Dol- 
lar a year, fully illustrated, and each number 
containing one hundred pages of original reading 
matter. Twelve hundred pages a year for one 
dollar I 



Tekxysom'b " Anui-is'B." — Another exqui- 
site photograph, by S. Ma»ury, from a crayon 
drawing, by C. A. Barry, of thin city, is for sale 
at our various print shops. It is an ideal head 
of surpassing loveliness, and charming in ex- 
pression, realising tho vision of the English 
pout. Those who possess the "Motherless," by 
the same artist, need only be told that it is 
equally pleasing and perfect as a work of art, 
and that it is executed in the same stylo of pho- 
tography — in il light neutral tint. As a crayon 
artist, Mr. Barry has raised himself to the front 
rank, 

D'Avioxos, TUB AnnsT. — We are pleased 
to learn that this artist, whose drawing of por- 
trait.1 on stone has never been equalled in this 
country, is now establibhed in our city. Ho id 
engaged in drawing lithographed heads for Mr. 
Chas. H. Brainard, who has made it his special- 
ity to publish portraits of tho prominent men 
and women of the times. Many of those he has 
already published are from the crayon of D'Avig- 
non, who unites to exquisite finish a grasp of 
character which gives his productions a rai-o 
value. _ 

The Boston Satubdav Gazettb.— This 
favorite miscollancouH weekly bos just entered 
upon its jhrtyjijVi volume, hut though so well 
and long established, it gives no evidence of ago, 
except the advantage gained by experience. It 
is fully up to the times, and richly merit-* the 
largo patronage it enjoys. As nn advertising 
medium, it is unrivalled ; this we know from 
personal experiment in our own business behalf 
The editorial corps of iho Gazette is a strong 
and able one, besides which, it employs a host of 
the best correspondents ond contributors. 



TIIE SEW YORK I'AHK. 

The citizens of New York aro qnito proud of 
ihoir now Central Park Id tho upper part of the 
city, the work upon which has made good pro- 
gress during (he past year. The groundx have 
been partially graded, and the roads so far laid 
out a4 to give u very good idea of what tho 
genenil efloct will bo when tho entire work is 
completed. The natural surface presents a great 
variety ot elevation and deprsssion, and is well 
adapted to admit of tho most iKnutiful landscape 
effects. Tho gronnds embrace tho highest land 
on the island of Manhattan, and aro quite re- 
markable lor their diversified and picturesque 
scenery. Thei-e are natural depressions for 
ponds, ample levels for gardens, parades, and 
play grounds, sloping hillsides for rvimanlic 
walks, and excellent r.icililies for broad and level 
carriage drives. In some part^ of tbo grounds 
the rocky ledge crops out into bold crugs, which 
present snperior opportunities for thf production 
of striking scenic cHVcts. It is anticipated that 
a largo portion of the park will ho com|ileted, 
so iu to be thrown open to tho public during tho 
next summer j and for diversion during the pres- 
cni ^Muter, the coniniir^siuners have flooded an 
ample tract fur a skating pond. 



KOItlETrillNU AllUHT RF.lltH^KS. 
Tho history of tho rebus has never been writ- 
ten — a vory great omission. Tho rchn^, though 
the namo is Lnttn, must have originated in 
'I'he obelisk of Luxor is a proof, and 
what aro tho hieroglyphics hut pictorial riddlef<. 
Mytholoiry corroborates this assertion. Apollo 
communicated hla oracles in tho form of rchus- 
808 ; witness his answer to Philip, King of Maco- 
don : " Tlion shall bo slain by a chariot." In 
fact, tho sword which Pnusanias mndo to slay 
the father of Alexander tho Great, had a chariot 
embossed on tho handle. Vnluckily, Philip was 
n very poor gnesser 'of riddles, and contented 
himself with Hcndin|{ all the chariots ho could 
find out of his kingdom, 

Under tho empire, an Austrian goncrnl having 
been beaten both in Ocrmnny and Italy, tho peo- 
ple drew a drum upon the duor of his house, 
with tho following words as an explanation of 
the rebus ; " I am beaten on both sides." Al- 
phunso Karr onco NOnt a letter to n friutid which 
contained only a nolo of interrogation — /. Tho 
answer was — 0, The meaning of llieso notes 
was — "what is Ihero new 1" anil "nothing." 
The brevity of wit could not be pushed much 
further. 



Dksic.vs. — We sboll feel obliged to our 
friends in any part of the country, who will send 
us sketches of notable Fcenes, public boildings, 
etc., for our columns. Such sketches should bo 
accompanied by a brief hut careful description. 



iLLUSTUATiofis.— We are making nmingc- 
menti to send able and experienced artists into 
various parts of ifae country, for fine original 
drawings of interesting eubjccls, for our pages. 



An i;HLDCitT AcT()n. — At one ofour theatres, 
while an "eminent" was lately doing up, in tho 
usual liulchor-block style, the charactcrof " Mur- 
beth," one of his favorite "points" was knocked 
into a three cornered hat. When he hud strug- 
gled, like a fish out of water, through to the pas- 
soge, " We will proceed no further in this busi- 
ness," a tall, lanky countryman arose in tho 
parquette, and, placing his "kowsho(ft" on his 
head, exclaimed: "I'm blamed glad of it; 
for sich bad aetin' 1 never did see I" 



Is suttKLT coiiiMJ — That wonder of mari- 
time conslructiou, tho Great Eastern, is progress- 
ing in her preparations to cross the Atlantic. We 
shall certainly make a pilgrimage to Portland, 
when she arrives. 

Zooi.oov.— One Mr. Freoilian has recently 
put forth u handsomo octavo of OSO pages, to 
prove that Louis Napoleon is ihe Beast of the 
Apocalypse. 



Population.— New Yoik State contains over 
.•1,000,000 inhabitants. Pennsylvania comes next, 
in point of population, containing 2,300,000. 
Our own State has just about 1 ,000,000. 

Bj^kkb.— Wo have thirty nine banks in this 
city, and two more arc contemplated. There aro 
also five excellent savings institutions. 



Ofli.T JL Dott*B — WBproDOUiii-o " Balli)a'« Mnpialne" 
tb« txKt publlnUon In tho UuttrU tdktwx, r^r thn prlie. 
It U nn ocl«to of Olio liunilwd pattwi, prlniinl iind pub- 
Mtbti inoothly, on clwi wblto p«p«r. It h «l«K»iilly II- 
luitntod, froo froDi poltttt" aod all wtrUrlaii BOhV*— 
»lld,l0(lH<l,Hll" tn'tl)' " llOnWIUMI, wtjidliotuoplM ftctin- 

alleroblf portion of llio miijnxlnii llttTaturH uf tbf> dny. 
U&llou U »MoniI nnly (o llnrptT. TUu Jiiminry nunil;«r 
In oieolUnt l*ftro. •! n ]«»r. M. M IWlou, Uoaton, 
MftM . "dtlor atid propriutor.— tV^Wy Slar, Momantuu-n, 
YirK'nia, 

AsKUAi, MoiiTAMTT or Boston —The num- 
ber of deaths in Boston during the year 18r>8 
was u little rising thirty-eight hundred— a de- 
crease over 1B57 of about one hundred and 
twenty-five. As usual, consumption was the 
leading disorder. 

GnowiNo.- About three hundred new dwell- 
ing-hou»cs have been erected in the southern 
section of our city during tlic year just pa»t. 
All in ward eleven. 



TiiEATitiCAi. —There arc twenty on© regular- 
ly conducted theatres in London at tlie present 
time, and they nro generally successful. 



Who CAS tell?— Our "devil" wants to 
know if Chrifltmas was discovered by Christopher 
Columbus. 



Ei>ucATioNAL— Boston paid lust year (ortho 
snpporl of her public schools, *345,294. 






THE ISLAND OF HELIGOLAND, GERMAN OCEAN. 



[CorreapoDdonro of Bnltou'i Pict«rlBl,] 
INLAM> OF HELIUOLAND. 

At SlA, OFt- lUUQOLilKD, 

NovEKDin b, 18&8 
M. M. B\i.LOu, Esq., Dear Sir, — Our good bark 
is lying at anclior under ilie Ico of Heli^olund, and 
having visited the place and made a sketch of it, to 
while away the time, perhaps I cannot do better tlian to 
add a few descriptive items in case you should find the 
drawing worth engraving and publication. The sketch 
is a correct one, though mnde in a biting wind, and the 
iiiland looked gloomy enough as it rose against tho 
leaden sky, with tho angry waves dashing against its 
base. Of course, in summer, with tho warm sunlight 
glancing over it and lighting up tho buildings, it 
would appear a very different place. Heligoland is a 
small island, not more than a mile and a half in length, 
I should judge, and lying about thirty miles from tho 
mouth of tho Elbe. It is composed of sand-banks and 
rocky, but it is yet one of tho many important points on 
which Great Britain has succeeded in planting tho 
" met«or flag" all over the face of the globo. The 
name signifies, I hove read, in German, " sacred place," 
and hero stood in former ages, the temple of some 
Saxon god or goddess. It was also the residence of 
the chief of the North Frieslandera. Denmark acquired 
it by the process of annexation in 17U. In 1807, when 
Great Britain made unholy war on Denmark, she sent 
a small squadron against Heligoland, and easily ob- 
tained possession of tho island. Her object in holding 
it was to make it a smuggling station from which to 
throw into the continent those goods excluded by 
Bonaparte's continental system. In 1814 England 
retained it for its excellent harbors, and as a strong 
mUitary station. Tho sketch indicates the division of 
the town into two parts— an upper and a lower one. 
The official buildings, all of which are plain and un- 
pretending, are in the former part, while the lower town 
consists of fishermen's huts, mere cabins for shelter 
Bcallered about irregularly, and a hotel. Fishing and 
the pilotage of vessels supply employment to the men 
while the women, besides the cire of their households 
and assisting in curing fish, till the ungrateful soil and 
tend the few sheep that feed upon tho upland pastures. 
They are honest and industrious, but ttie hard lile they 
lead destroys their good looks at an early age. Noth- 
ing, I should think, could be more discouraging than 
farming here— worse than tilling the most stony patch 
in Massachusetts or New Hampshire. In my rambles 
about the island I have not seen anything thai could 
be dignified by the name of tree— though the inhab- 
itants are very proud of a few distorted and stunted 
shrubs which have braved the sea blasts, and which 
they persist in calling trees. They raise some barley 
and oats, but their vegetables, as well as their fuel have 
to beimported from the mainland. A little life is given 
to the island in summer, by visitors who come hither to 
enjoy sea-bathing ; and in whose wake there always 
come a few sharp Hamburg traders who understand 
how to make hay while the Bun shines. For this brief 
season an unusual bustle and animation pervade the 



little island, and a good deal of money is 
parted with by the strangers, who submit 
with a good grace, to being charged about 
100 per cent, advance on everything they 
buy, in consideration of the difficulty of 
making money hero. During tlie Crimean 
war Heligoland, however, exhibited a little 
spasmodic agitation, for it was made a re- 
cruiting rendezvous by the British govern- 
ment, and here foreigners were mustered 
into service in tho grand crusade against 
tho czar. But with the conclusion of 
peace, the island has lapsed into its nom- 
inal, stagnating condition. Yet even a 
hall at such a place varies the monotony 
of a long sea voyage. Hoping to write 
you next from some gayer port. I remain. 
Yours truly, R. C- M. 



VIKM S IN TRIESTE, Al'STRIA. 
In a former number of the Pictorial, we 
published several views taken in Trieste, 
the only seaport In tho Illyrian provinces, 
the duchy of Austria and the greater part of 
Hungary, but its great commercial impor- 
tance, and its recent rapid development 
under the more enlightened policy of the 
present emperor of Austria, induces us to 
lay before our friends some fresh and au- 
thentic pictures of tho place, which strike 
us as being both artistic and interesting. 
Trieste has lately been the place of meeting 
of representatives from the different rail- 
ways which now traverse Germany. The 
line from Laybach to Trieste, which is now 
finished, is one of the greatest importance 
to Austria, and to Germany in general, 




THE AUMNNIA THKATKl-; Tl!l IvSTi;. 



since a direct communicaliou is opened between tho 
Adriatic and the Baltic. A further lino is now pro- 
posed, and will open up the rich com countries of 
Croatia and Hungary, and be a source of enormons 
wealth. Hitherto tho riches of these countries have 
been complctoly locked up from the difficulties of con- 
veyance, and the expense attending it, there being 
really no roads deserving the name in either of these 
parts of the Austrian dominions. In many parts, at a 
distance from the Danube, the crops of two or three 
years have been housed, without the possibility of the 
proprietors disposing of ihem, as also the exquisite 
wines of the country, which are almost unknovrn out 
of it, from the damage they receive by the carriage over 
the tracts which cut up the country, and which tend 
rather to impede than promote exportation. A species 
of infatuation seems to have possessed the Austrian 
government, until the accession of the present emperor, 
with regard to these countries. The encouragement 
which the emperor now gives to everything which tends 
to improve the trade of Austria will, eventually, render 
her one of the richest countries in Europe, and the port 
of Triesio will fur outshine the glories of ancient Ven- 
ice. Tho situation of the town is one of the most beau- 
tiful that can be conceived, and few places can vie with 
it for cleanliness. Tho whole town is paved with flag- 
atones, and the greatest attention is paid to keeping the 
streets clean. There are several excellent hotels ; of 
late years great improvements have been made, several 
magnificent buildings havingsprung up. Thebathing 
is very good, and the new baths afford every conven- 
ience for sea bathing. The first of our illustrations is 
the "Armenia " theatre, a building devoted chiefly to 
operatic performances, as its name indicates. It is in 
the Venetian style ot architecture, and would not look 
out of place if located in the Piazza of St. Mark. The 
new sea baths are in a very pretty style of architecture, 
and are admirably conducted and liberally patronized 
by residents and strangers. Tho " Ferdinandeum " is 
a beautiful palace lately erected, a fine structure, and 
commanding a most extensive and romantic view. 
These elegant structures show what improvements are 
making in the modem part of the ancient city. Tri- 
este is a very old place. It was of importance under 
ihe Romans, by whom it was called Teryeste, and has 
the remains of an amphitheatre and some arches. In 
the middle ages it was tho capital of an independent 
Republic. It was taken by the French in 1797 and 
1 805. Trieste is finely situated on the Gulf of Trieste, 
at the northeast extremity of the Adriatic Sea, and 73 
miles north-northeast of Venice. The old town ia 
built on the declivity of a steep hill, crowned by u 
fortress in a ruinous condition, and enclosed by old 
wails, and the new town Theresienstadt, Josephstadt, 
and the Franzen-Vorstadt, bordering the sea on a plain 
at it« foot. It has altogether a very thriving appear- 
ance, and its streets are crowded with men of all nations. 
The new town is very well built, and few cities on the 
continent can vie with it in the solidity and comfort ot 
Its pnvate dwellings, while its public edifices are, many 
of them, models of taste and elegance that would do 
honor to the architecture of any city. 



A WESTERN LINGUIST. 

A. C. Johnson, in the 
Slate of Illinois, at the ase 
of ten, took a fanry for the 
na6j of Lfttin. He soon 
found, and it was all he 
could find, Andrews' and 
Stoddard's very small ^rrani- 
mar, which he borrowed, 
and kept long enough to 
master most of its brief 
lessons. Ho then had to 
return this, and he resolved 
to have one of his own. — 
He had ninety cents. He 
had found in the roads at 
different times, a dime and 
half-dime, and a relative 
had given him a Mexican 
bit; n neighbor, knowing 
his ambition and lack of 
means, showed him a side 
of old bacon, very rusty, 
and worm-eaten on the edg- 
es, of which he made him a 
present. A. C. took it, 
trimmed, scoured, and sun- 
ned it, and sold it for 62 1 -2 
cents. This just enabled 
him to buy Anthon's Latin 
I^essons, and he was rich 
enough. At every leisure 
moment, by day or night, 
ho was poring over bis 
treasure, until he had almost 
committed the whole to 
memory. A friend then 
allowed him the use of An- 
drew's Latin Reader ; and, 
after he had finished this, 
an elder brother presented 
him the Epit. Sac. Hist, and 
Viri liomm. After this ho 
hod little difficulty in procuring and reading 
Caasar, Ovid, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and 
" Quidam Tractatus Logicir — London, 1659." — 
In the meantime he bad commenced the study 
of Greek. His father owned Wesley's works, 
and among them was a Greek Grammar. This 
waa A. C.'s starting point, and few boys will 
consider it a pleasant one. Bttt better luck 
awaited him. He found and borrowed a much 
loiter work by J. Smith, S. T. D., print. Boston, 
1809. Before he had finished this ho borrowed 
Valpey, and there completed his knowledge of 
Greek grammar. After borrowing and reading 
Anthonys Jacob's Reader, he happened to meet an 
opportunity to buy for a few cents— learned 
works do not sell well in the West — a Greek De- 
lectus, Greek Exercises, Graseca Minora, Greek 
Testament, Xenophon, Homer, and a Lexicon. 
Long before he had finished these, he had under- 
taken the Hebrew. His father owned a Hebrew 
Grammar, by the Rev. Martin Ruter, which it 
was no difficult task to commit to raeraorv, and 
a larger work entitled Wilson's Introduction. 
These employed him for nearly a year, after 
which he bought a Hebrew Bible, and was " in 
all his glory.' Spanish came next. He found 
among his father's old papers a large bundle of 
Congre-ssional Documents, containing the cor- 
respondence of the Secretary of State with the 
Mexican and Spanish Ministers. The letters of 
the Ministers were in the original Spanish, ac- 
companied by a literal translation. A C- 

Btndied these until ho could read the Spanish 
alone with ease, or else had the whole by heart— 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



61 




THE NEW SEA U.VTHS AT TRIESTE. 



he scarcely knew which. But he now had the 
good fortune to borrow a Spanish Grammar, and 
eagerly did he devour it. He then got a 'Testa- 
ment, which a soldier had pocketed in Mexico ; 
also a prayer-book and Ortega's Poems, all of 
which no read ; but as he had no dictionary, he 
had to note down the words whose meaning he 
could not decipher until he should find them in 
a construction that would throw light upon them. 

Then came the French. For this A. C. had a 
pretty good beginning in Wanostrocht, which 
he studied and rc-studied carefully. Then, with- 
out a dictionary, he began to read Telcmaqno, a 
book he had borrowed as usual. He noted the 
difficult words as in the Spanish, till he could 
render literally every sentence in the volume, 
He then bought for fifty-five cents a French Tes- 
tament, French Arithmetic, "French Guide," 
and Perrio's Tables, which he read with infinite 

fusto ; also Racine and the Juif Errant. He 
ad already turned his attention to the German. 
His only accessible text books were Jayne's Med- 
t:itiischer Kalendnr for a reader, and Jayne'a 
Medical Almanac for a dictionary. They contain 
nearly 60 pages of matter not the most interest- 
ing, but A. C. pondered over them day after 
day, week after week, till he could translate lit- 
erally every sentence in the Calendar. He then 
happened to find a copy of Ollendorf, which he 
immediately borrowed. At last he succeeded in 
purchasing a Gorman Bible, Dutch Reform 
Hymn Book, etc., which ho read with the utmost 
satisfjiction. But I grow tedious. I have said 
enough to convey an idea of his r-eal, industry, 



patience, and porsevernnco. By moans like 
those I have noticed, ho has become acqituintcd 
with a dozen languages — Latin, Greek, Ilebrow, 
Spanish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, 
Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Russian, besides stor- 
ing in a splendid memory the choice gems from 
500 volumes of miscellancuus reading. Ho is 
quiet, retiring, taciturn, solemn ; but writes a 
great deal, and many of his writings are humor- 
ous. If Elihu Burntt deserves praise lor ac- 
quiring languages in Massachusetts surrounded 
with books, and having access to a town lihrarv, 
ought not a young fanner's hoy, in the hftlf-BuI>- 
dued wilderness of the far West, to oujoy a like 
reward for similar if not equal labors ? 
— N. Y. Tribune. Bahton Smith. 



WINTER ASCENT Of MT. WASHINGTON. 

The Coos Republican narrates the successful 
termination of an enterprise several times at- 
tempted, but never before accomplished, vi/,, the 
ascent of Mount Washington in winter, Later 
than the early part of September, the ascent of 
any of the White Mountain range is attended 
with danger, and several who have made the at- 
tempt have lost their lives. On the 7th of De- 
cember, however, two individuals surmounted 
all the perils of the ascent, and entered the Tip 
Top and Summit Houses. The title to those 
buildings has been for some time in litigation, 
and recently Samuel K. Spaulding, of Lancaster, 
obtained an execution, which he wa'* anxious tn 
levy immediately. Securing the service* of 
Deputy SheriflT Lucius Hartshorn, and B, F Os' 



good, an experienced gaids, 
the three left the Glen Honto 
pec. 7, at 7 A.M. Forth* 
fint mile, the snow wat 
about one foot in depth, in- 
creasing to two and a half 
and thrw) feet as they np- 
pronchcd the Ledge. At 
this point, Mr. Spaulding 
left the party and reliiniod 
for homos and provisiuna 
for the fttlventun.'rM on their 
return trip, Messrs. Harta- 
horn anil Osgood pressed 
on with all speed, over 
ground covered with an in- 
crustation of snow and ico, 
which occasionally iilTonled 
good footing, but often 
Knakiiig, and precipitating 
them on the ntcka beneath. 
The party sufferiid much 
from thirst, but water wu» 
found only at the Ledge. 
The air was miUU<r than had 
been expected, and the sun 
shone in a clear sky. Of 
the socno at the summit, 
and the rrtum, the Uepub- 
lican says: — " Arrived at 
the summit, the view is rep- 
resented as having been 
sublime beyond the power 
of description, Mr. Osgood 
averring that in hia many 
trips on to the tnountttin, 
he never beheld so extended 
and yet so gntnd and terrific 
a view as burst upon them 
on that lonely heiglit. Meas- 
ures wore immediately tak- 
en to enter the Iiounv, which, 
as they were covered with 
snow, was a labor of timo. Unable to obtain 
ingresji at the doors, ihcy forrcii their way in 
through the windows, on which the front had 
formed a foot and a half in thickness, The waits 
and all the furniture were draped with some four 
inches of frost, and the air was biting in the ex- 
treme, II was like a tomb, and a lamp was ne- 
cessary in the anow cavern to enable the party 
to distinguish the surrounding objects. As delay 
was dangerous in the extreme, and having per- 
fected their legal duty, the two prepared to return. 
Upon emerging from tlie houses, tlioy l>eheld 10 
the southwest a cloud rapidly increasing in vol- 
ume, and rolling on toward them. When tirst 
seen, it was small in mngniludc, but It increased 
in siie with alarming velocity, soon spreading 
over tlio entire south. They know it was a frosi 
cloud, and Ui Iw caught in its folds would prob- 
ably bu fatal, and ihcy hastened to avoid it. 
They had just entered the woods at the base of 
the ledge when it came upon them. So icy and 
penetrating was its breath, that to have encoun- 
tered its blinding, freezing power on the unpro- 
tected height, would have been to have perished 
with it us a jiall to cover thorn. The party 
reached tlie (lien in safety, and were heartily 
welcomed by their friends, who, well knowing 
the danger attending this never before accom- 
plished leat, awaited them with much anxiety." 

" Unquiet meals," says Shakspcaro, " make ill 
digestiona," and the contrary is produced by 
easy conversations, a pleasant project, welcotno 
news, or a lively companion. 






THE FERDINANDEDM, AT TRIESTE. 



62 



BALLOU'S 



nCTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM_TOMPA^^IO^ 



[Writinn for nHllou'a rictorlnl.J 



Br tfr- T- BtATT. 



I iciidw not now to whom Tonj he 
TliU Kliorl niMiioriol ''O"' 

Who «roU- tills riN'pl" 
n<it Ihrn n.y moo.l I- Ilkr thf Howrr, 
WI.Wi bloom. «nd<llr» «llMn on liO.iri 
I cftloh the i-tTr..ri.cs wl.l-'li U gl'^s. 
And breotlit it i-hlJf the flower »«■«, 

Th(.H little booh ht-fon' mc liiy— 
T thfiDCia to pick it u|i to dny. 
•' To .luHn," n'l. "int f^*" 
A tnluof bllglited lof.' l«o well! 
1 snif the iuHi rlpttoii wrltU'ii her", 
1 Ml 10 mu 'twnfl ftrnnp'ly dmr; 
My pun I cniighl to wrlt« tho name, 
And runiJod to IKe ft dj Ii'S """"^ 

Forfiivo mo then— I ("IJ ft flowor 

prrchfiDW to dte wltJiln this bowcrj 

'Tis butn wlthrryrl bud of pftin, 

Its prlol* ne-i-'T nlM ojic nffnln. 

Hut if In Bouio sv'- lloR y""" 

Vou clinnn? to i-<ist. yOiir RlnHrofl In-ro, 
llpniembcr "twM tho pot't * prnyer 
That ho might diu by onu to futr- 

TO TUB HAT 
MU1(. hut, wliosi- nin- lllghl 
I'lIlK the eTcntitg wl'li 'l"ltKbt, 
mill flirt, aud TiIkK iilO'R, 
PiilijiTt of IMV joutlifiil M>nK. 
\VJi..ii III ilnpplod livilU-htgray 
Tlin>ni;lj Ui<' f"ii'bri' k^o"' I "trny, 
IVliil-t fiilr I'lilhiMiiilii'f ihroiit 
\Viirl>l''N fcrlli ilssnn-od nolp, 
1'l.niirl niv du-liy rontsti'pS My, 
AihliiiK ioli"tr.'l''y. 
Ni.w iiloiiK ilii' sliHi'iloK strwim, 
Kn« bimwith C} iilblii's beiiul, 
Nnw niiild Ihv tImIji'p shidi' 
Thou thy Rlddy cIit.Ic- lend; 
.loyoin i!lf, thy ftilry pUy 
aiudN tho gloom of pfirtlDg day. 

OrMLEM.is'a Maoaiikr. 

CBIIEMONV. 

OrcDjnny hfti mmlo mnny fools. 
llU an pn«y "ny luto n dupbess 
As to u hiitfil dunii.', ir hot lovo nnower: 
lint Ihnr by limiirous bnnor*, pnlc Ti'spoet*, 
Idle 'li'itrwa of fi-nr. men uioko tUuIr wiiy* 
Ilurd of lUeni wives. —Toi'iiNtiuR. 

Tbo world, 08 Hstiftl, wlrkpdly Inrlinfld 
To ft kloRdom or a limwc ovurliirmid, 
WliiflptTcd hi' bad a mbitrwa ; (iouio Wild (wo, 
Dill for dontt'silc quumts oiif will do — BvnoN. 

lIIfBRllFULNKSS, 
Why should a man wliow blood Ifl "iirni wltUtn, 
Sll like his ffmiidcirf cut In riliilm.'liT ' 
Sliwp wlii'ij lie Wftkvs, and rrvfy lulo tlii' jiiunUico 
lly beluj! pei'vlsh — SHAKH^EAKr.. 



to bim." r«rHrd i.w«y hy his ImproriNiHor, tho 
[.cicd whnt rfTict his eloquence would 



CIOS8IP WITIB Tlin RRAIVRR. 

Mr. WHIIh, Iq a Inlc number of the Ilomu Journftl," 
IrlU us it1iu.>w boo Lord OtilTiTln i irbo^e ndoilrablo " Yacht 
I'oytip' wc noticed In the PlftorliUt In. It fippenrs thut 
Ills uiotbor was oDr of tin- tbrin' Sheridan sister"— lion, 
Mrs Norton, «ud l.iLdy fi<>ymour, the Queen of Di'auty at 
l^rd Eglintonn'6 famous TouriinTiii-nl, being tho othen. 
IVillln si*ys (he lifts bwii hotter kiionii, juThftp?, as the 
"Hon Mrs. lilurkwood;'' her liucband (Hon, Cupt&ln 
ninckwood. of tbc lioynt Navy,) having paased most of 
his life as tlio cipcrlnnt of a title, and becoming Lord 
nuHerin liiit ft few yean slnec, Hon Mr.^. Dlarkwood 
eompoved poi^lry and music, and was a celebrated 
beauty. .... Mtf Klrklaud, in speaking of M'asblngtoii, 
nlludes to an attempt at an acrostlo ho made, when ft 
J oung uian. on a lady by the nnoie of KniucM Alexnndcr. 
It wa* wrotohed stiilT, and he gave it up after he got (o 
the X. Shu then remarks:— ' Wo must congratula'e 
our«elveji upon the failure, for who knows where wc 
iDighl have b«n noiv, if M'ashinginn bad turned out n 

poet The Clilneso lately poisoned a Freiieh officer 

who had gained the lucdal In the Crinifji, niid had estnh- 
linbed hiuiN-lf iu bu^lueiis in t'auton. It Is said that 
poison is tho futotite arm of thu Chlr,e."e. One Of their 
proverbs is— " A little powder product?-* more effect In a 

eup than in a gun barri'l. ' It appears that in Uus- 

Kia luxury and the de."ire of making a abow arc caniod to 
n greater extent than iu any other country, U sci'ms 
the Ci»r. wishing In repay a grwnt Pcrvieo njodcred by n 
petty oWciril, invited him to rome to I'eterholT with his 
wife. Tlie latter, forced to pu.'tain a muk wbirh did not 
belong to her, mortgaged her husband's Income for tliroo 
year?, and was tbu' enabled tt> put on a new dress every 
morning, noon and ni^ht. The eiupreJU' learned the fiuM, 
and, to give her a lewon, naid to her, on the day of ber 
departure, " Do you know, my dear, that jou ore much 
tn be pitied for having »uch a wn'tehed milUoer! Sh-.- 
cjn t have given you a single dress that til? you, you 

change them so often 1". Tlie first masked ball at Uie 

French opera, Paris, took place on tlie QReenth of ln*i 
month. Stmuss led the orchestra, and the multitude 

passed a night of frenzied enjoyment A short time 

since, a clergyman of the reformed religion, Settled over a 
Uermaa eburoh, delivered an eloquent and powerful dls- 
coursH over the body of one of his parishioners. "His 
purse," he eaid, among other things, ■■was always open 
to all his brethren. I myself e»pericnced bis generosity 
—I borrowed forty crownB of him, and he never a^hed me 



orator never suspe 

nroduee But the funemi over, the belts put their head. 
Letber and u.ade a preying demand on the minister to 
repay (he borrowed money with lnlcre«. He was obliged 
to do so, legFeltlng the eloquence In which he had In- 
dulged .... the t;hrlstys originated the/u.-l e^pres- 
Mou. now so much in vogue, of •■ lie > a very nice man, 
hut ho can't keep a hotel," which "brings down the 
house." at Uuri Keene s," New York, and at which ev- 
erybody la tnuyhing, without exactly kuowlDg the rea.«.« 

„l,y Mr*, Funny Kemblehaa lullmaled that she will 

this winter read in Philadelphia, next «luter i-i Ne" 
York, and tho wlnW following in Iloston. after which It 

Is her Intention to tflke a flnal 1**TC of the public A 

safe has been Invented which lock, on the Inside, and 
leavos ..o hcj hote, or other opening. A clock-work, 
within opens l( In «n hour, regulated by being set before 

the door Is shut George O. Thorburn, tbc florist. 

will take charge of the grounds of the Mount Vernon es- 

Ute. when it shall he purchased liy tlie Indies It 

was a blight thought, that otSmlthson. when he «as dy- 
ing of an unknown eompbilnt. Smltb^on had h«d fire 
doctors, and they hod been unable to discover what his 
disease isas. At length the; told the patient that he 
must die. Calling them all around him, he said;— "My 
friends, after I die. make a po-l mortem examination, 
and find out what ails me; for really. I have heard such 
long and learned discussions on tho subject, that 1 am 

dying to know what the disease Is myfclf. ' Some 

stupid soys he thiuhs that If a fee was charged to ece the 
Bunrise.nlnr-lonthsof tho world would be up ftl Oay- 

hrtak A person luis just beoo discharged from jail. 

,n CluclnDOtl, who ha* been In pri-'On since September, 
on a charge of pasi-iug a counterfeit $10 on the Hank of 
Uulsvilie. When the prisoner was arraigned, the note 
wa.< proDOoncrd g<-nulni>. If this is not a hard ca'c, wo 

knownol what is The last nrriyal* from EngUnd 

inform us Ihnt the Dritlsh government have under con- 
sideration a proposition to advance the necessary funds 

to lay ft new cable Two card-playing friends, while 

passing through a plno forest, oue asked the other this 
audacious conuodrum, " Why caanot tlio proprietor of 
this forest fell his own timber.'"—" Bccauso no one is al- 
lowed to cut when it is hi.'f own deal," Whatan in- 
dustrious man can acrj>nipli»b bius been oiempllDed by 
the life of tho German dramatic writer, Blum, who died 
n Berlin, in the year ISii. at tho age of sixty. His 
works for the stage amount Ia the Incredible number of 
[>8!l. including, however, many translations. But this Is 
not all, nor nearly nil Ilium n.i.s also n composer— his 
vocal and instrumental works of that description amounl- 
ng to 1112. Including some comic opoms ; and his spright- 
ly part songe are sure to be heard, whenever a party of 
young Lluderlafcl singers meet together. Then he exe- 
cuted many of the scenic decurntlous of the Berlin thea- 
tres; was first comic actor at the National Theatre of that 
city, from lfi2(l to ISOl. and was its chief manager from 

1938 to his death .lonn H. Prentice, of New York, 

wliose house suspended last fall, with liuhilities of nearly 
nne million of dollars, has given nulice that he was ready 
to pay In full all demands whether compromised or other- 
wise. A sprig of divinity, preaching on the fall and 

rcpDnlAiiCD of I'etei, referred to the crowing personage as 
" the fuulhered individual." P. S. f.Jilmore, the pop- 
ular musiiinn, bos dissolved bis couucclion with the 
8alem Brass Baud, and Is about organining a baud in this 

city A man who has no bills against him, belongs to 

an order of no-blll-ily in more than one sense An 

editor says his attention was first drawn to matrimony 
by tho skilful manner in which a pretty girl handled a 
broom. A brother editor says the manner In which bis 

wife baudlra a broom Is not so very picas in g Mr, 

tlipbiilct Stubba, a real live Yankee from Connecticut, in 
exhibiting his " Patent Back Action Spanker," thus sci- 
entifleally describes it :—" One being altacbed to a baby 
of any age, it (the spnnk»r| watches over it like a mother 
—makes It hush when it liecomes naughty, obliges it to 
desist from swallowing thimbles, marbles, three-cent 
pieces, pins, or any other feed unsulled to its stomach; 
compels it to go to sleep when it doesn't w.iut to. and, if 
BOniewbnt older, it sees that It keeps Us hands oQ the 
sugar-bowl and jam-pot."; besides making it lieep its face 

clean— and all by the power oriw back action." The 

noted Mrs, Bloomer is secretary of the Ladies' Benevolent 

Society, away oir at Council Bluffs The first cargo 

of ice ever sent to the Sandwich Islands reoehtd there on 
tho Hth of November- It arrived out in excellent order; 
and to avoid waste, was uulotided byetMtm— u govern- 
ment pile-driving engine being employed lor the pur- 
pose. .When ^rhylua, the great poel, was condemn- 
ed U) dentil, his brother, an orntor and hero, was sum- 
moned to plead his cause. While the audience ncre gni- 
Ing with Intensity of interest to hear what he »id. he 
silently lifted up the stnnip of his dinmembercd arm. 
which he bad lost iu the defence of his couutry, and said 
not a word. The mtiltiludohur^t into shouts of applmise, 
and the poet was saved. The dumb eloquence of that 
maimed limb spoke more powerfully than "words that 
burn.". , . . , -Chatlirlon, " !he manellous boy. " who, so 
far Bs we can judge from his biography, looked very 
sharp atliT hl» own interests, especially when circum- 
stances forced him lo become a boek-wrlter in London, 
once made the following busine^si-llke eomputaiion upon 
a great man's death :— " I/Mt. hy not being oble to dedi- 
cate to him. ten guineas. Gained, by writing iiis life. 
£12 Am glad he isdcul by thirty shillings Mad- 
ame Persian!, so long the ornament of the Italian opera, 
ha« lately tixeil her rvtidenw in Paris, with a view to de- 
vote hereelf ivholiy to tuKlou in music The late llev. 

Dr. . of n ncigtiboting town, an eccentric but honest 

minister, woj once preaching on the practical Tirlues— 
and bavin; a «hort time previous iKiiight a load of wood 
of oue «r the olbccrMof his church, and finding it fall 
short in measure, look this orcjtsiou to speiik thus plain 
on tho suhjuct :— " Any man thot will sell seven (eel of 
'ffoo<l for a cord, is do Chrisiinu, whether he fit« In the 

gallery, below, or even in the deacon's feat.'' Mr, 

nuskln, recently addrcsMug an audience in England, 
faiJ :— ■■ Pome of my bearers, this evening, may oeuwiou- 
ally have heard it elattd of me that 1 am rather apt to 



. Hi.fmvcflf T hope I am exceedingly apt to do so. 

which did not need, for .he right '"Y; "' » 
one positive and one negaUve answer, like an -1'>'^"<'"jJ 
"he second degree. Mostly, matters of J- J - 
ure three-sided, or four-sided, or P"'^f ' ""'1 
trotting round a polygonal i- severe work for people any 
Z sU«l. their opinions. For myself. I am never ..t.s- 
fied that I have handled a subject properly."" I have 

contradicted myself three times." »^r many y^arsa 

German apothecary, named John Kilingling, haa csldcd 
.t Lebanon, Warr^-n county.Ohlo. The Cincinnati Com- 
mercial says he was known to he rich and penurious, but 
.here were few who guessed at a tithe of hi. riches lie 
died lately, and on opening hi« will, It was found that be 
left property In this country, and in Germany, worth 
<i760 000_the whole of which is to be de|.ositcd in a 
hank', the principal never to be touched, but tbc interest 
to be devoted to the education of the Protestant Germans 
iu this country IlAchel confessed her "first Im- 
pulse," on receivinga present from Queen Victori.i, ■■ was 
to feel the weight of the bracelet, and thus estlmaU- its 

meWllic value," Dr. Binns, in his "Anatomy of 

Sleep," recommend..' the following means of procuring 
deep:—" Ut Uie person turn on bis left side, place his 
head comfortably on tbc r'How. so that it exactly occu- 
pies the angle a Hoc from the head to the shoulder should 
fonn; and then, slightly closing his tips, let blm tnke 
rather a full rc-iplration. breathing as much as he pos- 
sibly can through the nostlils. Uaving taken (i fuU in- 
apinitiou. the lung.so*o then to be left to their Own ac- 
tioD— that is, the ri^^plcation is neither to be accelerated 
Bor wtardod. The patient ehould then depict tci himself 
that he eces the brejith pas.«lngfcom his nostrils iu a con- 
tinuous stream ; and the very io^'tant that he brings his 
ind to conceive this apart from all other idea«, con- 
sciousness and memory depart, and be sleeps." 



Matlere in General. 

Our advices from Paris state that the inQuence of tho 
MontJilembcrt affair on tho minds of the French people 
has been much exaggerated by foreign journals. In 
Paris it is almost forgotten already. The Parisians of 
wealth and fair cireunistancea amuse themselves with 
balls, operas and driTcs; the mechanics have plenty of 
work, food and drink, and plenty of cheap amuscnieuta 
fitrulshed them, property is secure, and so long fts this 
is the slate of things, tho government is heartily sup- 
ported. It is true that certain detjiils of Louis Napo- 
leon's administration arc unpalatable, but, on the wliole, 
it is acceptable, and he is I3sed upon his throno firmer 
than ever.— The effect of the annuity promised by the 
queen's proclamation iu India will soon be Known. It is 
supposed that the Briti.sh ahandouinent of proselytism 
will have vast weight,— The name of the formidable re- 
bellious society iu Ireland, is said by the English papers 
to be the Phccnix, and it is suggested that the members 
are ofT^hoots of the Ribbon Society.- The English ship- 
owners lately had a large meeting in London. The Ga- 
nette says, '■ the ship-owners demand reciprocity ns not 
only a measure ef simple justice, but as the completion 
of the commercial system n-bich England has adopted 
finally. Tbcy want free trade, but they will not have 
the shipping of foreign States protccled at their expense. 
They asli no legislative enactment to place them in a 
favored position, but they claim to he defended by the 
provisions of an enactment which was framed with a 
view to meet the contingency that has arisen, and which 
threatens us with nothing short of national disaster if it 
he not challenged In time."— In China it would seem that 
the Chioese rebels are again making head agaiost the im- 
perial governnient. It ia reported that the insurgents 
have lately issued from Nankin, and have taken several 
cities from the imperiallr-ts — A proel.imation has been 
issued in Canton which shows that the Chinese authori- 
ties are sincerely desirous of acting fairly by foreigners, 
H informs the people " that the Middle KiDgdom and the 
two kingdoms (Great Britain and Frnoce), baring con- 
cluded negotiations at Tien. fin, are now actually at 
peace; that the high mandarins of the Fayuem com- 
mittee bad bowed reveronllally to the imperial will, and, 
peace being happily est.-iblished with the outside coun- 
tries, there 1? no more occasion for fighting; that the 
bmvcs are prohibited from again appearing at Canton; 
and any one wounding a foi-eigner will be liable to severe 
puiiifbment."— A singular restoration to life recently 
occurred to a girl named Amelia Itinks, at Nuneaton, 
England. She had been gradually drooping from some 
uokuown cause, and finally died, as was supposed. 
Everything bad been prepared for her burial, when her 
grandfather arrived, who noticed some warmth remain- 
ing in the body. Gradually animation was restored, 
when she related all that had occurred in relation to her 
flineral, and what some pers^ons had said who caroe to 
see her. A singular desire took possesfiou of her to hill 
her father and mother, and for this purpose she set Ore 
to their bed-curtains secretly, when they thought her 
unable to leave her bed. The case hits excited much 
interest. 

Workwomen in London. 

An adverliscment in a I,ondon weekly paper for fifty 
dressmakers brought "iWO applicants, many of them from 
long distAiices, lo the " establishment " of the advertiser. 
The poor girls, after wailing several hours, pot enraged, 
and went to the Mansion House for redress, under the 
impression that they had been hoaxed. Mr. Alderman 
Copctaod listened lo their complaint and sent an offleer 
to the warehouse, who returned with a person to make 
the explanations. 

A Yankee in Farie. 

A few days since an American traveller eat down to the 
public table In the great Hotel da Louvre, Paris. Im- 
mediately calling 11 waiter, he ii.formed him of his ear- 
neit desire' to at once eat hia breakfast. Tho waiter gave 
him a-«4!ut at a nicely drc^ sod table, and then handed the 
usual caid whereupon lontito therrderforhis breakfast. 



This wn." handed back to the waiter, having as the leading 
article of consumption, written In abold hand, buckwheat 
cakes. Tho waiter Informed the gentleman that nothing 
of the kind could be procured at the hotel. What!" 
exclaimed (he Arocrlcou, all tho llnoameula of bia coub. 
l^rnance portraying the most Intense disgust, "no buck- 
wlieat cakea! T\'hy, wh»t aort of a couutry do jou oaU 
this!'' ■* 

Armenian College. 

We Iptini In a tclti r from St. Petersburgh that RushIk 
has devited a grand plan for securing the adbe*lon all 
through tho I*vant of the great Armenian community, 
the wefllthle*t, most honest and Intelligent of all tho 
religloolsts in Asia Minor. An immense cnllege is tu 
proce.ii of psUblishment at Thcodof la, on tho Black Soo, 
and all the Armenian youths are invited to get gratul- 
tous education ut tho hands of the (^tar. Paris nod 
Venice were bll'ierto the only schools they frequented; 
but by this new scheme that anclsnt Christiau body, 
widely diffu-'iod all over Turkey, will become as steadfust 
allie-s of Mufcovy as the orthodox Greeks nil over Buroj^e. 

Prance and Austria. 

A Vienna letter in the Prussian OaRctte says: '< Thu 
French governnient has demanded nn indemnity for tho 
CBTO bestowed on indigent Austrlans who had fallen 111 in 
France, and bail been received into the hospitals. As 
ther« haficxisiod for more than ten ycxn a. treaty between 
Franco and Austria, in virtue of which necessitous 
French Invalids were to bo treated gratuitously in Aus- 
tria, and Austrians the Bame in Friincc, tills demand 
made suddenly by France has caused some surprise, and 
it is regarded as a step towards tho speedy ruvocatiun of 
the treaty in i]ucstion." 

Queer Doings in Milan. 

A Milan letter says there Is much talk of tho discovery 
of estmordiuary waste and fl-aud In the niftnagi'mcnt of 
the arehduke's household. Five of his servants turn out 
to have been old tbieve^i, and have lieen orrcsted. An 
author named Salari, having received from the an;h<iuko 
a diamond pin In return for a presentation copy of a 
book, found that the diamond was false. Ho returned 
the pio. thinking the archduke had been choati^d by his 
jeweller. The Intendant of the palace baa eent no an- 
swer. Another similar case is cited. 

The French Homosopathista. 

The I'nris Un'mi Jllf/'cn/' some time since Btigmati?^ 
homoeopathy as a pretended science, and its professoraaa 
cbarlatflDs. Upon this twenty-four homccopathists of 
Paris brought uu acllou for libel. M. Emile Olliver did 
his best for them, but the court, after a hearing of seve- 
ral days, dismissed their action with costa. 

The Frees in RubbIs. 

It is said that the Council of State Is now engaged In 
examining a proposition for giving more liberty to tho 
press In RuSiiia— allowing it, for example, to speak on 
internal aifiira, which is at present interdicted- Tho 
Prussian laws on the press are stated to form tho basis 
of the measure.i submitted to the Council of State. 

Mount Veauvius. 

Vesuvius is cracking and opening at all parts from tho 
base to the summit. Small craters vomit lava in oU 
directions, without ceasing. It is feared that at the 
most unexpected moment an eruption will take place 
from the great crater, In which case the catastrophe 
would be terrible for Resina and Portici. 

Hindoo Q-enerosity. 

Two wealthy Hindoos generously liberated all the debt- 
ors incareern led in Bombay jail, on the day when the 
(jueen's proclamation was read, by paying their debts for 
them. IJy this act of benevolence about thirty individ- 
uals were set free, and the cost lo the donors was about 
40tK) rupees <i400). 
The French Tariff. 

The Conslitulionnel announces lhat the Inquiry Into 
the removal of prohibitions from the French tariff will 
be held this year. All tbc interests will have a bearing, 
and the industrial Interests may be sure that (here will 
be no reforms not compatible with tbc esistence and 
development of natiODtil industry. 

John Bright. 

Mr. Bright continues to be tho target at which the 
British nrislorr.icy are bending their bows. His offence 
is, that io advocating an extension ol suffrage, and an 
equality of repi-esontntiou, he hod the temerity to refer 
to the institutions of America as a model iu these respects 
worthy of being copied. 
Statue of Ifapoleon. 

The French sculptor, M. r,eval. who has executed tho 
statue of Napoleon the First for the city of Cherbourg, 
has now received orders from the emperor to execute a 
second statue of Napoleon the First, which is to find its 
place ol I/iogwriod. St Helena. 
The Nobles of Moscow. 

The nobles of Mofcow hold secret meeting?, and do not 
attempt to conceal their disinclination to tlie emancipa- 
tion of tho serfs. To the west of Moscow, however, no 
one dares openly to express diMpproval of the projects 
of the csar. 

The King of Pruasia. 

The king of Prusi^ia's health bos uot improved, and 
tho air of Florence dties not seem to agree with hint 
lie never goes out, and the (luoea id Midom seen in 
public. 

A Ladieb' Reading-Boom. 

Some gentlewomen of the school of reform h.ive esUih- 
llshrd, in close neighborhood to Begcnt Street, London, ft 
Ladies Iteadiog-Itoom.wliioh Is open from 10 till 6 o'clock. 
The Coa&t of Afrioa. 

The rommtind of the French squadron on the coost ot 
Africa is to bo given to a vice-admiral, in conse<iuence of 
the importance of that station to French interests. 

Madame Anna Bishop. 
This distinguished vocalist has returned to IxmdoBt 
I after many jears' absence, and has been received witU 
I great favor. 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DEAAVING ROOM COMPANION. 



lEftitorial IBclanfie. 

Tiio sum of S645 has recently betn received 
from vnrioii« penies, by the trustee* of the lios- 
pital in Chnnnin;,' Strcpf, Boston, ivlncli hasbrcn 

instituitii fur ilio bcncfiiof poorwomcti. The 

London Times lias n saiirical nrtiole ou the 
proposition, alleged to be in contemplation nt 
Wiishint,'ton, to phicc n lax oh ttn, dnnving 
nilcntion to the manner in wliith n like proposi- 
tion WH^ treated at Boston in 1783. Doubtless 
it does not ot^cnr tu the satirical Times that peo- 
ple hftve n riglit lo tax themselves, but not to be 
taxed by others. Wc may put n duty of a dollar 
i» pound on tea if wo please, but could not 
think of 5n')mittinf,' to three pence imposed by 

//««. -The old Dutch proveib saith, " Stealing 

never makes a man rich; alms never make a 
man poor, and prayer never hinders a man's 

husinefis. Of fourteen vessels which sailed 

from New York and Boston for California during 
Juno and July last, those which sailed in the lat- 
ter mouth made the quickest passages. The 
Bvornge for the former was 1 53 days, and the lat- 
ter only 127 days. The average for the whole 

fleet was 143 4-7 days. Among the cases of 

insanity mentioned in the report of the Southern 
Lunatic Asylunn, is one where the inmate 
declares pcraistently that he is about to marry 

the President's daughter. Persons possessed 

of bounty of person are found to have the fine 
Hensibiiities of humanity in propoition, and 
genius marks them for her favorites ; we may 
instance Alcibiades, Cleopatra, Milton, Creigh- 
ton, Raffaclle, Mrs. Incbbald, Lady Blessington, 

Mr*. Mowatt, and others. The Schenectady 

Advertiser is printed on an Adams' press, driven 
by an Ericsson caloric engine. Tlio cost of fuel 
is said to be 66 per cent, less than that of a steam 

engine. It. is a somewhat notable fact that 

Mr. Gillett, the district attorney for Hampden 
and Berkshire counties, who now closes two 
years of official services as public prosecutor, has 
not in all that lime lost a case in which ho pre- 
pared the indictment, nor a disagreement of a 

jury, or had an indictment broken. After four 

months of patient investigation, the committee of 
the New York Cily Conucil appointed to inquire 
into the cause of the bnming of the cupola of the 
City Hall, have reported that it was burned be- 
cause it was on lire. An intemperate man, 

being homeless, was allowed to lodge in a pack- 
ing house in Chicago, and was accustomed to 
■sleep upon the brick platform sustaining the 
boiler. One night last week ho was picked up 
drunk in the street and carried to hia usual rest- 
ing place. During the night it is probable that 
he rolled against the boiler, and was too much 
stupified to get away, as he was found dead 
in the morning, burned to a crisp on one 

side. Andrew Gairett, the natu'-alist, is at 

Honolulu, engaged in collecting specimens of all 
the fish in the waters around the Sandwich 
Islands for Professor Agassiz. lie has ali-eady 
collected 200 different varieties, and has prepared 

colored drawings, Some German "ladies" 

in New Orleans didn't like their pastor, llev. Mr. 
Prcssler. They accordingly assembled, at the 
hour of service, and forbade his preaching. He 
gently forced his way past them, into the church, 
when they descended upon him like an av- 
alanche, with cowhides and pepper and salt, 
and flour and gypsum, lathering him mcrcilesslv 
with the former articles, and powdering him all 
over with the latter. Their husbands stood by 
unconcernedly, ready to take their part, if nec- 
essary. The post-ofiico department at Wash- 
ington, it is said, intends to resort lo the most 
stringent measares to stop the practice so prev- 
alent at the seat of government of using boiTowcd 

franks to cover private correspondence. Mrs. 

Rlizabelh Sinclair has sued before the Supreme 
Court, in New York, to recover the custody of 
her husband, John S. Sinclair, taken from her by 
his father, four days aficr marriage, and shut up 
at home. The im]*risoned husl)and is nineteen 
yeai^ old, but the wifn confesses to years of 

greater discreiion. The celebration of the 

event of introducing water into Brooklyn, has 

been i.ostponed till May next. The Wlicelj|lg 

( Va.) Intelligencer says that at n Christmas Eve 
parly, given at Mr. Stam's, a few miles in the 
country, an old lady ninety-seven years of ago 
took the floor and waltzed around the room 
until her partner, a youog man of twenty five, 
was completely exhausted, and liad to sit 
down. Kishing is rather high priced at Vine- 
gar Hill, Illinois. A justice there charged John 

Watson $20 for kissing a lady twice. Matthew 

}Ialc Smith, Esq,, deuies in the Boston Journal, 



63 



that Mrs. Cunningham is in easy circnmstnnces. 
but says she is poor, and would be glad to keep 
a board ing-honse or do unything honorable for a 
living, and that Augusta has not married a south- 
ern planter, but a young man in New York who 
depends on his daily earnings John Whit- 
man died suddenly at Brooklyn, N. Y., (rom tho 
efleets of a dose of lunar emetic, administered by 
a phyiician who was atlending him, in u case of 

typhus fever. A lady in Ohio began to lose 

her hearing, and used every remedy that could 
be heard of with the view of restoring it. All 
proved unavailing. A fyw days since she con- 
sented to have a physic ian examine the car, and, 
to her astonishment, a bug. about half or three 
quarters of an inch iu length, was taken out. It 
had remained there six years. In all i.robabilily, 
it found its way there while tho lady wfti 

asleep. The statistics of the criminal calendar 

of the city of New York, for tho year now closed, 
disclose the startling fact, that there were up- 
wards of sixty murders in tho city during that 
period, and in all that time, only one murderer 

(Rogers) was hanged. There is a company of 

five Americans engaged in gold mining in Siam, 
about thiriy-tive miles Irom Bangkok. The 
mines are located in an elevated basin, oval in 
shape, thirty miles long by eighteen broad, sur- 
rounded by craggy walls of rock, with onlysevon 
gaps or meaus of entrance in the whole circum- 
ference. Nearly tho whole basin is covered with 
forests. Tho gold is found in ravines. The 
mines are very rich, bnt jimgto fevers, heavy 
rams, and other eireumstanecs interfere with 
operations. 

A SWINDLE. 

Some of the papers call the following oper- 
ation "pretty good," but we call it "pretty 
bad." A small keg of brass filings, worth per- 
haps two dollars, was sold recently to parties in 
Newark, N. J., as gold dust, for live hundred 
dollars, the parlies selling i-epresonting them- 
selves as in pressing need of money and willing 
lo sell at a great sacrifice. When tho " dust " 
was taken to New York, the old adage was found 
true, that all is not gold that glitters. One of 
tho swindlers was arrested, but indignantly repu- 
diated any intention of swindling. He said there 
had been a mistake in the keg taken, that ho 
would make it all right, and, as an evidence of 
his sincerity, insisted that the "diddled" indi- 
viduals should "keep a bar of gold" till ho 
should rectify the error. This w;is accepted, and 
lie went off to correct the mistake. It is need- 
less to say that ho never returned, or that the bar 
of gold turned out to be a bar of galvanized iron. 

New York Taxation. —The tax levy of 
Now York for 18.59, is 57,840,174, apportioned 
as follows : For the police, SI, 043, 108 ; schools, 
51,240,000; about a million for water; eight 
hundred thousand for tho poor; a million and a 
half for streets ; half a million for light ; thir- 
teen hundred thousand for tho SUite, and six 
hundred thousand for salaries. The tax last 
year was 58,620,926 ; so there appears to bo a 
saving of nearly eight hundred thousand dollars. 

Ut.mi. — There may bo trouble in Utah yet. 
The rascal Young has been at his old irick, per- 
secuting Gentiles, and could only be made to 
obey a writ issued against him by tho employ- 
ment of military force. It remains to bo seen 
whether the saiuts will resent the marching of 
their bogus ]uophct into court, with United 
States bayonets in unpleasant proximity to his 
aacred person. 



Bald Negroe.^. — A new tribe of negroes lias 
been discovered in Australia. They are all of 
the tribe of " Uncle Ned," that is, they " hah no 
wool on de top ob dc head, where de wool had 
ought to grow." 



Gold, Gold !— Tho weekly arrivnU at Lon- 
don, from Australia, bring over a million of 
dollars each, in gold, lo the great English 
metropolis. 



LtTEiiARy. — Tho book bu.sincss was never 
better than at present. The holiday sales in this 
city were enormous. 



The Presidest.— Mr. Buchcnan, it is said, 
will make an extensive tour next summer. 

Neiv York Quarantine,— The buildings 
for the new quarantine will co.-t 5135,000. 



Arkansas, it is said, is getting to bo a great 
apple-growing State. 

Aboni 35,000 persons live in ccllani and in 
basement stones, in New York city. 

G. W. Tborbnin. tho florist, has hoen selcrtcd 
to tHko charge of tho grounds of tho Mount Ver- 
non estate. 

During the piut year, twenty-two young men 
received gratuitous instruction in tho Univcriiiv 
of South Caroiirift. ' 

The Amazon Hirer falls but a foot in fifty 
miles the Ithiiio one foot in "quarter of a mile ; 
the Loire a fool in one and a half miles. 

A fir tn-^, completely jKMrified and entirw, is 
said to have been discovered near Olympia, W. 
T. ; 120 feci below thy surface of the ground. 

Thci-o were 424.000 hides iu;|.orted into Salcin 
last year, niui about ISO,000 were received by 
railroad fmni Boston. 

Bnizil ha.N sixty-two vessels of war. thirty of 
which are sleaniers. Her standing army num- 
bers 25,(i00 men and her national guard counts 
Up 400,000. 

At a late festival in Bath, Maine, there was a 
very cnicttnining sido sliow of a mouse trained 
to luni nuichincry. He caiacd ubout nine dol- 
lars in one evening. 

Professor J. G. Iloyt of Exeter Academy has 
been mvited to be Chancellor of Washington 
University, «t St. Uui^, Mo,, with a salary of 
$3000 per annum. 

^ Skunk skins are worth fifty cents apioco in 
New York, uud the oil. cfiual lo Mustang Lini- 
ment for horfcs, sells for SI n quart. iFcre's n 
chance to make money, boys ! 

Milwnukie, next to Chica;;o, is the largest 
graiu port in the country. The shipmeiiis of 
wheat this season have been 5,020,080 bushels, 
and with other grain added, 9,700,179 bushels. 

Two Mexican women wore shot iu Honttas, 
some lime since, by a robber, who was firing ai 
a sherilVin pursuit of him. One of the women 
has since died ; tho other hiis recovered. 

Advices^ from Liberia, Africa, state that 
another Ercnch emigrant vessel had been at- 
tempting to secure a cargo of apprentices, but 
had been warned off by the authorities. 

Jonathan S. Owen, a former church member 
and a citizen of rcspeciablo standing, bus been 
eonimiited to jail at Detroit, Michigan, charged 
with poisoning his wife. IIo was urrxisted, alter 
a long search, in Indiana. 

One of tho prisoners who lately broke from tho 
jail at Iloclicstcr, has returned, lie savs it look 
them three hours to saw off tho bars o^ tho win- 
dow through which they escaped. They also 
had outside help. 

Some sound beams, formed from tho wood of 
the mulberry tree, liavo been found in tho ruins 
of Nineveh, where they uro supposed to have 
been placed at least 700 years before the birth of 
Christ. 

Tho arrest of John Newman at Milwoukie, 
some time since, forselling stolen railroad tickets, 
bids fair, it is said, to unravel a number of enor- 
mous frauds on the part of numerous young men 
connected with roads iu tho West. 

Game is so plenty in tho western cities this 
season, that it has ceased to ho counted as a lux- 
ury. Tho daily receipts of quail, duck, etc., arc 
so great that the prices range but a shade higher 
than ordinary meats. 

The Bridgeton Ileporlcr says the r/irls in that 
village recently turned out to sweep tlio snow 
from the ice, that ihey might continue their 
ploi\sant skating exercises. Gallant young gen- 
tlemen they must have up there. 

Mrs. Clark of Pulaski, Va., white on her way 
to the J-unatic Asylum nt Staunton, some days 
since, committed suicide by cutting her arm 
open with a razor, which she had concealed in 
her slocking— bleeding to death while her friends 
were in an adjoining room. 

A St. Lawrence county, N. Y., paper says 
that recently a Board of Trustees of one of the 
neighboring towns checked a walking match 
between two men, because of its immoral len- 
doncies, and a few days after, licensed the same 
parties to give a sparring match ! 

The presence of the army in Utah, and the 
Gentiles who have followed iu its reor, is pro- 
ducing its natural effect among the Saints of 
both sexes, especially the weaker one, Acconl- 
ins to the news last rcceivetl. Brother Brigham 
had found it necessary to excommunicate no Icj^h 
than ."Jlin al ouco. 

A workman in a papor-mill near Ciooinnali, 
met with a painful death lately. He attempted 
lo cro.-is a vat of hot rags, in process of maniil jc- 
turo into pulp, when the covering upon wliir.h he 
was walking broke, and let him into the boiling 
mass up to hi* neck, scabling him (o severely 
that he lived but a thorl lime. 

A gas generating fluid lump on the mantel- 
piece of a hou,se iu New Bedford, Majis., some 
nights since, suddenly lighted, without, it is pos- 
itively asserted, the aid of human agency. If 
this statement ho true, it is certainly, as claimed 
by a coieinporary, the most viiluabic labor-saving 
lamp in cxisicticv. 

Tho ladies of Dixon. Illinois, undertook to 
buy out a saloon keeper for the purpose of des- 
troying the liquor, but the fellow cheated them, 
selling them colored water instead. In trjing 
to get the lif|aor, water we mean, down siairs, u 
Mrs. Sanborn Imd lierskull fractured in a fright- 
ful manner. 



S-antiB of (T.olli. 

Every war occiuiions n greater or l«t.9 

relapse into barbarism. — liont. 

All iho rcosouings of men arc not worth 

one sentiment of women. — IV/d/rr. 

Tho vuluo of a possession is in tho uso 

that is made of it, — f{t>iKe. 

The vcrj- snbsianco of the nmbiiioas u 

merely the shadow of n dream.— ■SAoit.f/if.Hv. 

.... In France nil women are wiity cxi.H>pe 
tho bluo-slockings.— ,IA"^<imf (iimntin. 

Truth is as ininossiblo to bo soiled by 

any outward touch, as tlio sunbeam,— J/iVr../.. 

.... Smalt have continual jiloildorsDverwon, 
save base authority from others' hook.s,— .S^,(i-. 

.... Without bolicf in Its i>cipfltnity. love 
woiild bo nothing ; constancy mnguiiie» it, 

Great talkers nso thoir minds as iipon(I< 

Ihnfta their cash, bestowing it equally upon ob- 
ject.* worthy and unwonhy. — fimyr. 

The least coquettish of women knows 

when a mnu is in lovo with her sooner than ho 
docs himself. — Flarian, 

A woman who is a belle in Franco, would 

be homely elsewhere; a woman who is witty iu 
Fraiice, would bo so ovcrywlierc.— f 7i,r.(/(Vr (/c 
tirmr. 

. . , . Lovo lias iu instinct. It knows how to 
find the w;iy to the heart, as tho fceblost in»eci 
luovcs lo its flower with uu irresistible will which 
uolbing daunts, — liulmr. 

.... Women fill un tho intervnU of convcr- 
sation and life, like llio cotton-wool pln.cd iu 
cases of china ; tho cotton wool is reckoned for 
nothing, hut everything would be broken without 
it.— -l/(tf/(imr S'iKfr. 

. . Ilopo is tho ruddy morning ray of jov 
rocolleciion is its golden tinge; hut tho latter 'is 
wont to Mnk amid Iho dews and duskv shades of 
twiliKbt ; and ibe bright hluo day 'which tho 
forniLT promises, l)reftks indeed, but in another 
world, and with another sun.— Rirhlrr. 

.... A man gets into anotlier world, strango 
to him as the orb of Sirius, if ho can transport 
himself into the centre of a woman's heart, and 
SCO the lifo there, so wholly unlike our own. 
Things of moment to us, to it so trivial ; things 
trifling to U8, to it so ysMH\—Iiulii\r hjllon. 



Family Ties— A marriago ccrtiflcato and oicht 
children. ^ 

" Are you looking for nuy one in particular !" 
as tho rat said ven ho saw tho cnt watching him. 

Why aro Cashmere slnnvls like deaf people? 
Because you can't mako them hero. 

" This angers well," ojt tho musqutto said when 
ho settled on a fat man's toes. 

Why is the letter H like tho euro for deafness ? 
Because it makes tho car hear, 

A man in New Orleans i.s no upright in all his 
dealings, that ho wont sit down to oat his mcale. 

lie is a bold man who knocks nt a doniist'a 
as ho would ut any otlicr door, unless he's going 
to dino there. 

" She isn't all that my fancy painted her," bit- 
terly exclaimed a rcjeeled lover; " and worito 
than tliat, she isn't wlial she pninis herself." 

What is the difference between a good soldier 
and a fasliionnble lady 1 One faces the powder, 
and the other powders the face. 

An alderman having grown enormously fat 
while in oflire. a wag wrote on his back, 
" Widened at the expense of the corporalion." 

A man much addicted to snoring, remarked to 
his bed fellow in tho morning, that ho slept liko 
a top. "I know it," said tho other, "liko a 
humming-top." 

"I say, Cuffeo, what ribher am liko n human 
critter?" Cnffee declined, for the best of 
reasons, to reply. "Yah, yah!" chuckled 
SamlM) ; " why him Am a non, you stnpid nnger." 

QiifTi/ fur l>r<iwinfi-/tmii,H —We wonder jf 
servants find fault with their manters and mis- 
tresses as much ns musters and mistrciscs arc m 
the habit of finding fault with their servants. 

"Law, ma, hero's a beagle." Mamma (re- 
proachfully), "A hengle! O, yon hignorant 
gal, Vy, it's a bowl." Keeper of the menage- 
rie (rcspccifullj), "Axes parding, mum, 'tis an 
awk 1" 

A man was waked in the night and lold that 
his wife wa.^ dead. IIo turned over, drew tho 
coverlet eloi-er, pulled down \un night-cap, and 
rauiicred as he went to hlccp again, "Ah! how 
grieved I shall be in the morning 1" 

There is a man "out West" who says he 
don't covet wealth by any means, but thinks lio 
bhould like to bo a socontl " llothschild " for a 
few moracnu, if only to show his contempt for 
riches. 

" Piccolomini kisses 1" inquired a waiter of a 
fashionable hotel lately of a misty Benedick he 
was about to serve with dessert. " Of course 
she docs," was the answer, " if she's like other 
women." 

An Irish jtirl recently rang at the door of the 
residence of the Postmaster General at Washing- 
ton, and demanded of the colored waiter lo sto 
the Postmaster General, for she wanted a letter 
that she expected from her broikcr over the 
&ea3. 



64 



BALLOU 



■S PICTOIUAL DRAWING-ROOMJ^OMPA^ 



A LAMA OF THIBET. 

The larpe ODnraviny on this 
page is an acrureW portrait of 
a laraa of the Dalai sect. The 
lamaaof the Buildhisi religion 
in Thibet are divided into two 
Becta.distingnisiied by the col- 
or of their vcstmentJi — ihe 
Dakpa seel wenring red and 
the Dalai jellow ; and most- 
ly as in the insianco bcforo 
nil, of brocaded satin. They 
also wear peculiar co"'™ 
cAps with long lappets. The 
prayer- cylinder, or nianich- 
fiosUor (the preciotifl relig- 
ious wheel), which this indi- 
yidnal carries in hifl right 
hand, is a very aiiigulur m- 
Btrnmont, and does great 
credit to the geniuB of I lO 
Thihelans. The body of the 
inBtniment is a metal cylin- 
der about three inches in 
height, and from two to two 
and a half inches in diame- 
ter—the axis is prolonged be- 
low to form ft handle. Every 
lama carries a chhos khor, 
which ho keeps perpetually 
turning I>y a gcnlle motion of 
die hand, assislfid by a cubi- 
cal piece of iron fastened by a 
chain on the outjtide. Ah 
every rovotution of a prayer 
is equivalent to its recitation, 
the chhos-khor is a very in- 
genious instrument for multi- 
plying their number without 
Fatiguing the devotee. These 
instruments are found of all 
sizes and in all positions. 
Cylinders about one foot in 
height are placed in rows 
around the temples, and arc 
turned bv llie votaries before 
entering.' Larger cylinders 
are found near the villages, 
turned by water, which keeps 
them perpetually revolving, 
day and night. The earliest 
mention of the prayer-cylin- 
ders is by the Chinese pil- 
grim, Fa-Hian, A. D. 40ti. 
who saw it in Ladak. It was 
also in use in North-western 
India, introduced there hytho 
Indo-Scylhic princes about 
the beginning o( the Christian 
era. Lama (in the Tangu- 
tancso dialect, " mother of 
souls," " pastor of souls "} is, 
among the Mongols, the ap- 
pellation of nil the members 
of tito priestly order ; but 
among the Caimucfi, it signi- 
fies only the more distin- 
guished. Hence the religion 
of the Mongols and Calmucs 
is cj\lled Lnmdisni. In this 
religion the Shigomooni is 
Iionorcd as the highest god, 
and the Dalai-lama (tliat is, 
the great lumn), as his reprc- 
Bcnttitive. Ho is at the head 
of botli ecelosiasiicnl and sec- 
ular affairs in Thibet, and is 
considered not as a niero 
visible representative of the 
divinity on earth, liut as a 
real divinity himself, dwelling 
among men. The belief of 
his eternal existence is con- 
nected with the doctrine of 
the transmigration of souls. 
His worshippers believe that 
the divinity, as soon as it 
leaves the body of the Dalai- 
lama, immediat«ly takes pos- 
session of some other body in 
a supernatnral way, so that he 
ouly changes his exterior 
form, and not his actual exis- 
teneo. The usual residence 
of the Dalai-lama is in two 
monasteries in the vicinity of 
Lossa, in which he lives al- 
ternately, surrounded by a 
vast number of priests, He 
receives the throngs of pil- 
grims who visit him, seated 
on a splendid altar, with Uis 
legs crossed. The Tartars, 
next to the inhabitants of Thi- 
bet, pay him the greatest rever- 
ence. He salutes no one, 
never uncovers his head, nev- 
er rises, and only lays his 
hand on the head of his wor- 
shipper, who believes that he 
has thereby obtained pardon 
of his sins. He sometimes 
distributes, it is said, tittle 
balls of consecrated dough, 
which the Tartars use in 
many superstitious practices. 
His power was once greater 
than it is now, for he appoint- 
ed and deposed the khans, 
When the Dalai-lama dies, it 
is then necessarv to discover 
where his spirit has chosen to 
be bom anew. In this case, 
all must submit to the opinion 
of some of the lama*, who 
alone are acquainted with the 




.\ LAMA OF THE DALAI SECT, THIBET, WITH HIS PRAYING WHEEL AND TRIDENT. 



signs by which he may be 
known, or rather, who know 
what child he has appointed 
for his successor. The rclig- 
ion of the lama sprung up m 
Thibet, and knows no eternal 
celf-existent being. Their 
idols number 108. Shige- 
mooni, the chief object of 
worship, appeared in the 
world for the last time 1000 
B. C, and instituted Lama- 
ism, and now rules the world. 
The earth is inhabited by de- 
generate spirits from the up- 
per world. The human soul, 
after it has been subjected to 
a stiile of trial, and has passed 
a good or bad life, enters up- 
on a higher or lower condi- 
tion. Such is the crood of the 
lama-worshippers. 

THE CHEAT EASTERN. 
At last the problem of what 
is to be the ultimate fate and 
destination of the great ship 
seems in a fair way of being 
solved successfully. A now 
company has arisen which, m 
an earnest of their intention 
lo make her pay at lost, have 
begun matters witb a most 
successful bargain — getting 
the noble ship, aa she lies at 
present at Deptford, forasum 
almost nominal, when com- 
pared to what she cost. The 
amount it will now take to 
finish her and get her ready 
for sea is about $500,000. The 
work on Iier has commenced. 
In all probability she will bo 
filling up with coal and stores, 
and ready for her first great 
trial trips by next summer. 
The only alteration which 
has been made in her ori(,rinal 
design is in fitting her with a 
poop deck. It will be be- 
tween eight and nine feet 
high — the same height as the 
forecoslle forward — and this 
is the only change of note 
which will oe carried ont. The 
six masts are already nearly 
made. There ore to be one 
fore, two main, and three 
mizzen masts ; the Brat five 
of iron, the last of wood, in 
order not to influence the 
compasses. The foremast and 
three mizzens will be rigged 
with fore and aft sails, the 
mainmasts only being perma- 
nently square-rigged. The 
first mizzen is, however.of the 
same size as the last mainmast, 
and it is intended that when 
the weather may make it nec- 
essary that this also shall be 
square-rigged. All the masts, 
of course, are of iron, as wood- 
en spars of such size, and re- 
quired to do such work, could 
scarcely be depended on. 
Each is built of boiler-plate, 
with wrought iron discs, 
strengthened with angle iron, 
boiled inside the tube to give 
it additional rigidity. Con- 
structed in this manner, each 
mast costs less than half the 
price of wooden ones, while, 
of course, the metal has tlio 
advantage of being nearly 
double the strength. By thin 
plan, also, what would other- 
wise have been an almost in- 
superable difficult) — namely, 
stepping wooden masts into a 
ship of such a height — is en- 
tirely got rid of, The fore- 
mast is 2 feet 9 inches diame- 
ter, and 172 feet high from 
keel to truck. The first main- 
mast is 3 feet 6 inches diame- 
ter, and 216 feet high ; the 
second is of the same girth, 
but 225 feet high. Tho tirsl 
mizzen is of the same size as 
the first main ; the second \^ 
1P8 feet high and 2 feet 9 
inches diameter; while the 
third and lost is of wood of 
the same dimensions round as 
the iron, and Jfi4 feet high. 
The lower yards of the square- 
rigged masts are likewise of 
iron. Each is 12.^ feet long 
and 2 feet 6 inches diameter 
in the centre. The upper top- 
sail and top-gallant yards are 
of wood, and of proportionate- 
ly large dimensions. As the 
fittings progress, the ship s 
boats, with the two small aux- 
iliary steameri, will be built 
The latter are to be of 160 
tons each of 60 horse-power. 
These will be decked and fit- 
ted as sea boats, and will be 
hoisted in and out by the aid ol 
auxiliary engines, with which 
each set of engines on boani 
in fitted.— i>)ii(/'?'! Thncs. 



M. M. BALLOU, {wiNTKR STB^BT. 



SKATING ON JAMAICA POND. 

The graceful picture below was drawn ex- 
pressly for U8 by Mr. Homor, and faithfully 
reproaents tho favorite winter eport on Jamaica 
Pond. Tho larger figures in tho foreground 
were sketched from life, bs thoir spirited and 
natural at-tion indicates, and arc likenesses of in- 
dividuals which will bo readily recognized by 
thoir friends. The topography of tho distant 
shore of the pond is accurately sketched, as any 
resident of thj locality will testify, and the whole 
is an e-tprcssive record of winter amusements at 
one of the most popular and fashionable places 
in the vicinity of Boston. Tho companionship 
of ladies on the skaling-field, and their earnest 
participation in the sport, is a pleasing novelty. 
We derive our skill from the English, with 
whom for centuries it has been a favorite sport, 
while tho Knickerbockers have a legitimate right 
to their dexterity in virtue of their descent from 
tho worthy Dutchmen, who are supposed to live 
hall the year on skates. Upwards of six centu- 
ries ago we are told that tho young men of Lon- 
don wore accustomed to fasten tho leg-bones of 
animals under the soles of thoir feet, by tying 
them round their anclks, and then, by the aid of 
iron-shodp oles, impelling themselves along. Of 
course, with such a clumsy equipment, they could 
hardly have made much progress, yet the old 
chronicler who records their sports, snyi that they 
moved "as swiftly as a bird flyeth in the air, or 
an arrow out of a crosse-bow." OInus Magnus, 
a Swedish writer of the sixteenth century, 
describes tho skates as being at that time made 
of polished iron ; they were also rudely fashioned 
of the shank bono of a sheep or stag ; at the same 
'period, also, were used wooden shoes, which wcro 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1859. 'I J^S^fa" 1 Vol. XVI.. No. S.^.Wno.. No. 397. 



armed with iron point*, flexible circles, sharp- 
ened ever)- way into teeth, and triangular points 
of iron. The wooden skates shod with steel, 
such as are now used, bound about the feet and 
ankles like the talares of tho Greeks and Romans, 
are generally supposed to have been invented in 
the Low Countries, and were certainly introduced 
into England from Holland. At tho present 
time the Dutch, men and women, are admitted 
to be the best skaters in Europe. On the frozen 
canals the peasant giri skates to market with her 
provisions on her head, the senator sweeps along 
majestically to a meering of the assembly, and 
the clergyman buckles on his skates to repair to 
his church. Tho Friesland skaters frctiuently 
keep up a speed of fifteen miles an hour for a 
great length of time. In a skating race at 
Groningen in 1801, two young women won tho 
prize, having performed a distance of thirty miles 
in two hours. In England some very skillful 
skaters have figured from time to time, one of 
the most surprising feats on record being that of 
a Lincolnshire man who, in the ycnr 182!, for a 
wager of ono hundred guineaji, skated a mile in 
2 minutes 58 seconds. There are skating clubs 
at London and Edinburg. and such is tho passion 
for skating in the former city, that artificial ico- 
ponds within doors have been invented, so that 
the sport may be comfortably enjoyed at all 
seasons. To skate well throe things are requisite, 
courage, strong ankles, and persevering practice. 
Beginners should try to learn on smooth run- 
ners, grooved runners being only suited to very 
light weiyhts. We recommend tliem to ladies, 
however, who wish to acquire a certain degree of 
skill in tho shortest possible space of time. A 
beginner should be coni«nttoadvancogrodually. 



Wlien he can hardly stand, it would he scarcely 
jusiiliable in him to attempt to cut tho " figure." 
or the " Dutch maze." And moreover a skater 
should rely on himself, and reject all assistance. 
You can no more leant to skato hy boiug towed 
along by a friend, than you can learn to swim by 
the help of corks. When Icf^ alone you are en- 
tirely helpless. Who can forgot the humiliation 
that awaited Mr. Winkle when he undertook to 
skate with the company at Dingly Dell 1 How 
naturally does Dickons depict his tribulation* on 
the ice I "All this time Mr. Winkle, with his 
face and hands blue with cold, had boon forcing 
a gimlet into the solos of bis feet, and putting his 
skates on with tho poinu behind, and getting his 
straps into a very complicated and entangled 
state, with tho assistance of Mr. Snodgrnss, who 
know rather less about skatos than a Hindoo. 
At length, however, w\t\\ the assistance of Mr. 
Wellor, tho unfortupat« skates were firmly 
screwed and buckled on, and Mr. Winkle was 
raised to his feet. 'Now then, sir,' said Sam, in 
an encouraging tone, 'off vith you and show 'em 
how to do it.' 'Stop, Sam, stop!" said Mr. 
Winkle, trembling violently, and clutching hold 
of Sam's arms with the graspof a drt>wning man. 
' How slippery it is, Sam !' ' Not an nnroinmon 
thing upon ice, sir,' replied Mr. Wellor. ' Hold 
up, sirl' This last observation of Mr. WeHer's 
bore reference to a domonstmtion Mr. Winklo 
made at tho instant, of a frantic desire to throw 
his feel in tho air, and dash tho back of his head 
on the ico. 'Those — these — are very awkward 
skates, uint they, Sam 1' inquired Mr. Winkle, 
staggering. ' I'm afoored there's an orkard 
gen'lm'n in 'em air,' replied Sam. 'Now, Win- 
kle,' cried Mr. Pickwick, quite nnconsciouB that 



there wiw anything tho matter. 'Come; tho 
ladies are all anxiety.' ' Yes, yoa,' replied Mr. 
Winklo, with a ghastly stnilo, 'I'm coming.' 
'Just tt-goin' to begin,' said Sara, endeavoring to 
disengage himself. • Now, sir, start off.' ' Stop 
an instant Sam,' gasped Mr. Winkle, clingiog 
most afittctionatoly to Mr. Wellor. ' I find I'to 
got a couple of coat* at home that I don't want, 
Sam. You may have them, Sam.' ' Thankoo, 

sir,' popliod Mr. Welter. 'Just hold me, at 

first, Sam, willynu,' said Mr. Winkle. • There, 
that's right. I shall soon get in the way of it, 
Sam, Not too fast, Sam, not too fust.'" Mr. 
Winklo, stooping forwunl, with his body half 
doubled up, was being assisted over tho ico by 
Mr. WoUcr, in a vory singular and un-swnn-Iiko 
manner, when Mr. Pickwick most innocently 
shouted from the opposite bunk. ' Sam t' ' Sirl' 
said Mr. Wellor. 'Hero, I want you.' 'Let 
mo go, sir,' said Sam. ' Don't you hear thogoY- 
omor a callin' V Lot mc go, sir' With a vio- 
lent ortori Mr. Woller disengaged himself from 
the grasp of the agonized Pickwickian, and.iiiiio 
doing, administered a considerable impetus to 
tho unhappy Mr. Winkle. With an arcurary 
which no dcgroe of dexterity or prneiict' could 
have enaurcil, that unfortunate gentleman Imro 
swiftly down into the centre of ilio reel, at tho 
very momont when Mr. Sawyer was performing 
a flourish of unpandleled beauty. Mr. Winkle 
struck wildly against him, and with a loud cnmb 
they fell heavily down." Then it was, it will be 
romemhorud, lliat Mr. I'ickwick, after insisting 
that the skates should be roinovod from tho feel 
of his luckless follower, took liim aside and de- 
nounced him privately a« " hunihugl" Let none 
of our maders try more than they can perform , 



"1 





SKATING ON J.\5L«C.\ POND, NEAR BOSTON, 



66 



BALLOU'S riCTORIAL DIIAWINGKOOM COMPANION. 



[Written for Dftllou'd Pictorial.] 

THE FALSE HEIR. 

A miorr nC the French aatt MmUan IVitr. 
BY MRS. CAHOLISB OBUB. 
JcONTISUED.l 

CHAPTER Xni. 

iMi.i.AitD a:»d .11 om tiik TRaii-. 

At ttio first frtitit Wiish of morninR, I>illnrd 
(.]>ninK lo tiis fwl. ,lnhi\ hftd so faitlirully f'ol- 
]i(wc(l \iU a(]\ i('t*, nnd was so sonmi ns]cP|i, tliar 
Dillard wns trhlipcd if. stiake him Jircliy rouyhly 
by ihc slmtiidcr more tliiiii (inco liffuro lio could 
rouse liini. The niornciit, howciur, thai h© fair- 
ly reidizcd wlicre lie was, nnd for what jmrpose, 
bo was cnuer lo rcsiitiie t!io |niri-uii. 

Two or llirt-c minuies sufficed for ihcn) to par- 
lako of some t^lifiht rofrosliment, with wiiii h 
lurd, hal.itnatcd as lie was to the e.-(it;cilccs of n 
hnntcr's liff, Fcldoiii f.iilcd lo ]Movido hiiDcclf. 
Tlicy then went on ra|iidly. till they arrived at 
Ihc place where, as a few hoiirH ]ireviiiiis they 
Ktood on the ojijtosite fide of the plain, llicy had 
seen pii-rorcd upninst the niiilniKht nky those 
dark, moving forms, whicli ilicy knew must lio 
Iho party Ihpy were in pursuit of. 

Sliort ns the disliinte had then apponrod, lliey 
liad bcnn ohiipcd to traveruc a spneo of ftdl three 
miles to arrive nt it. It was now broad diiyliKlit, 
iliough the snn Imd not rif.eii. Stepping nsido 
f om the patb to Fomo bushes wbirh prow ill a 
liltlc distunee, Dillard, lifter looking tlivo»;.'li 
slipht opcniii;;, made a sign for Jiiba lo join hini. 

"Look," said be, drawing back and ])0inling 
to the opening. 

.Iiiba obeyed, and snw fire Indians, tour ol 
tbem still lying on ibCRrounil, apparently asleep, 
while the other, reirliiiinj,' npaiust n tree, kejit 
watdi. At a sliort dislnnce from him, Myni 
Temberton was Bcated on n rock ; not in u hope- 
less, drooping attitude, but evidently willi eye 
nnd car on tho alert, as if to calih some j;Iimpso 
or bear some sound of those, who, she fell, were 
already near at bond to attempt ber rescuo. 

The spot nas one of wild and pielurcsqiie 
iienuty. A smooth, level piece of {:rotinil, which 
in itt widest extent eould not have exceeded one 
liundred feet, M-as eorcred with moss and berb- 
si'^Q of vivid crccn, and hemmed in on alt sides, 
except that which looked towards tlio cast, by 
Imge rocka irre^jularjy piled (ojjetiier, as if by 
fomo eonvolsion of nature ; while outside of 
these rose many a noble furcst tree, their mas- 
fiive trunks rising so liigh ere ihcy threw out their 
branches, that they n]>pcarcd not unlike the pil- 
lars of a sylvan temple. The soil, clothed with 
verdure so soft and fresh, was terminincd on the 
cast liy a tubular roek, which projected a abcer 
descent of some peventv or eiL;hty feet. 

As Jnba stood looking at Myra nnd her eap- 
tom, and with difficulty suppressing an audible 
demonsiraiion of the nnper and di«gu>l he felt at 
the prcsnmplion of the red ri'scals, a.s ho called 
them, in carrying off the beautiful girl, she arose 
and approac hed the very verge of the rock which 
overhung the wild and gloomy ravine. At the 
same instant ihut she paused on its brink, iho 
sun appeared above the horiiMin, fltshing his 
golden beams over lier long, bright hair, which 
in graeeful disarray fell far below lier waisl, and 
bathing her whole person in bis glory. 

" She be an angol,"said Juba, in a whisper, " cf 
dar was eber one suffered to walk dc face of de 
airlh." 

" I'll jinc yc in that," said TJillard ; " but there 
U no time to Talk about ^ieh things. What we've 
got to do is, to get her out of their red clutehes 
the belt nnd ea>ic*l way we can. How do you 
feel / — does your courage begin lo fail you '" 

" No, Masm Dillurd ; I is as bohl u<i a lousand 
lions." 

" I'm gUd to hear it. Kow come this way, and 
mind wliai I say to you." 

" Yis, I U all 'tention." 

" In the first place we've got to creep round 
this bill, till we come to tho patb, with as litilo 
no!»e as ef wc were two suaiN, for the eraekin' of 
a dry twit; would bo cnotigli to give ibe alarm." 

" Yiii, I knowN ; but arlcr all, if dey docs hear 
([u'lck, dcy haven't Eieh powerful big cars as I 
^hould (i'jiose dcy would have." 

" Weil, fulkr nie, but not too close. Mind 



and keep me in ycrcyo, and that'Si all. And 
remember that rri\diaiis laid ok/I is tliu word." 
" I H sure not lo for({ei " 
There wuh liiilc or no danger of their being 
Fccn, as long as ibey kept close lo ibc bafC of the 
liill, which they were, indeed, obliged lo do, it 
being on lhat side ko closely circled by a coil of 
tlie s}>arkling and impeinou.H rivulet, which from 
having no means lo ford it, hod jtrevonled tbem 
from crofhing the plain, &» lo luiivc only u brok- 
en and rocky mai;gin, in many places Icbb than 
a foot wide. 

So diflicult W8» the narrow way, being often 
over Hhnrp and ^tippery rock«, that it required 
tho utmost care to prevc il being precipitated in- 
to the river, il was not wlrange, ihcrtfoie, their 
itltenlion being thus concenlialed, n false slej) 
being nearly cert*iiu lo betray their ]iro.\iniiiy to 
tho Indians, that Dillard and bis e<iinpanion 
failed lo notice two bornemcii issue from one of 
the wild glades of i\ forest about half a mile dis- 
tant, on iheir right. 

J'or a hiiiglc mutant the horsemen paused, after 
enicrgirig from llio forest, anil then took their 
way fitrarghl across the intervening space, somo- 
limes crashing through the thick tangles of a 
c-ojiso, or leaping now and then one of the many 
deep gullies ploughed by Bonio lorrenl during 
tho heavy spring rains. 

It wiiN not till tlie dissonBUcc of the sharp and 
ringing clatter of their horses' iron-shod boofn, as 
leaving the swarded plain they struck upon the 
hard, gravelly shore of the river, broke harshly 
ujion the clear, mellow bird-chorus floating on 
tho air, that Dillard and Juba raised their eyes 
and beheld two men on horseback rapidly ap- 
jnoaching. The old liiinler was not a little net- 
tled at permitting hiinsclf to be thus taken by 
Eurj)riso, while Juba, who on the instant bad 
recognized in one of them I,ieutcnaut Anvers, 
was so wild with dcligTit that he came near 
uttering a shout of joy. 

Tho Indian who was on the look-out, tliongh 
apprehending no danger from that quarter, had 
discovered them a few minutes- sooner, and roused 
his coinrailes. Nahatiin, with his atoul bow-string 
drawn to his car— lor though he loved the rifle, 
tho arrow sent by his hanil was surer of its mark 
thim the bullet — stood ready to let go the deadly 
missile the instant he deemed the one ho had sc- 
loeted for his victim bad arrived near enough for 
it to do its work. 

This was Anvcrs, who from wearing the dress 
of an American ollicer, ho supposed to bo a per- 
sonage of more importance than his companion, 
who was habited as a common soldier. He was 
also a liitio in advance of the other, which fav- 
ored Nahatan's purpose. Soon he had arrived 
within the desired distance, when with so true 
and steady an aim did the arrow speed in its 
oblique and downward course, that as it hurtled 
by — the next breath nearly burying itself in the 
ground — tho feather brushed the eiilo of the 
young man's face. 

Almost at the same instant Anvers had reached 
iho side of tho hill nt a point where tho river v/iili 
a sharp bend swept towards the north, and where, 
like a gliticiing serpent unfolding its coils, it for 
miles could be seen winding its tortuous course 
through valley and glen. Dillard, laying his 
linger on bis lip in token for him nnd his cnni- 
rado to remain silent, was soon by their side. 

"Tho brushwood — 'tis high and thick — hide 
yourselves and your hordes behind it," said ho, in 
a hurried whisper, " or you're both dead men. 
Here's the only path, and a poor ono ivl that — 
but as long as these don't fail mo," and ho 
glanced at his long, sinewy aims, "I shall find 
a way to climb ibcy don't think of, nnd shall bo 
upon 'em unawares."' 

They had baroly time to follow his direetions, 
he nnd Juba mcaDwIiile keeping close to tho ba^^c 
of tho hill, when two of tho Indians caiuo for- 
ward and stood on the verge of tho prccipitory 
height. They looked caixifully round in every 
direction, in the expectation, perhaps, that they 
were attempting to climb it. Aci^of rage brake 
from them when they found themselves mistaken, 
and that they wea- unable to detect their place oi 
concealment, though ihcy knew it must be hard 
by. Nor did tlicy by alierapiing to descend tho 
flinty, /.igzng path near whicli neither shrub nor 
sapling found root which the hand niight grasp 
if tho rocks loosely imbedde<l in tho soil gave 
beneath their feet, dare expose tltemselves to Iho 
ritles of their unseen enemies. 

At the moineol Anvers and his companions 
came in .•■ight, the cry of warning uttered by the 
sentinel made Myra aware that those lie consid- 
ered enemies, nnd as she hoped, were hor friends, 



were near at banil. Quickly turning from tho 

platform which hung over ihe uby.^K, slie w.« has- 
toning to a spot where Iho view m iho direction 
where he and the others were looking was unob- 
slnidcd by the tree™, wlicn Nahatan sternly com- 
miindcd her to remair. where she was. Thu< she 
did not even know wbeihcr there wci-o few or 
n)any, though more persuaded than ever that 
whoever tlicy were, the might safely count on 
their friendly aid, were they in a situation to 
render it. 

Slowly and reluctantly tho two Indians turned 
away from tho sharp brow of the hill, and at ked 
CO' iiHcl of Nabaton. 

" We arc safe here," he n'plied, "and can wait 
longer than they can. Wc have dried venison, 
and a upring bubbles up at the foot of yonder 
tree." 

As lio spoke, ho stood with his back against a 
beech tree. Scarce hud the words left his lips, 
when a bullet, which would have been for him 
had he not been sheltered by the tree, whistled 
i>y dose to his ear and lodged in tho forehead of 
an Indian who stood opposite lo him. Myra, 
who saw tliat it was *cni by her old friend Dil- 
lanl, at sight of him uttered an exclamation of 
joy. Quick as thought. .Juba, who had prossed 
closely on his footsteps, handed him his own 
loaded rille.when Nahatan, who caught a glimpse 
of the old hunter and knew him, cried out to the 
Indian who stood nearest to Myra, supposing 
they were surrounded by foes. 

" Seize hor," ho said, " and hurl her over tho 
precipice. If we fall, sho shall not escape. 
Gratified revenge will make death sweet." 

The Indian to whom tho command was given 
bad likewise caught sight of Dillard. He did 
not besilato to obey, but knowing him to be a 
dead shot, cunningly interposed Myra as a shield 
between himself and tho old hunter. Dillard, 
who nt tho moment he took tho rifle from the 
hand of Juba saw Nhhatan bend his bow, though 
he knew il would bo certain death to him to show 
himself even for tho single second of lime il would 
take to discharge tho leaden messenger, deter- 
mined to snerifico his own life to save Myra's. 
Fate had not thus decreed. At tho moment ho 
came to this resolution, his foothold gave way, 
precipitating him such a distance as might have 
caused him serious injury, though fortunately he 
escaped with a few slight bruises. 

In a minute more, Myra Peinbcrton would 
have been a crushed and bleeding mass on the 
sharp rocks below, had not her long and silky 
hair, falling like a lustrous veil over the Indian's 
brawny arm, iiresontcd to bis savage instincts a 
temptation to possess himself of the scalp from 
which it depended which ho could not resist. 
Still shielding himself by her Struggling form so 
that tho bull from tho Iiuntcr's rifle could reach 
bis life only through hers, he drew his knife from 
its sheath and circled it above ihc head of his 
intended victim preparatory to tho consumma- 
tion of bis cruel purpose. lier eyes met tho 
flash of tho sharp and shining blade, and then 
they were veiled in darkness. Powerless to re- 
sist the mortal terror which assailed her, she bad 
fainted. But even at the instant of its descent, 
the hand that grasped it fell nerveless. A bullet 
from an unseen band had pierced the Indian's 
brain, and with a single wild cry he fell, with his 
hand clutching the thick and shining tresses of 
llic helpless girl, who batl already sunk to the 
grotmd. 

Anvora, who the moment tho two Indians had 
turned from the brow of tho bill had sprung 
from his place of concealmeTit with an energy 
and nerve which could only be inspired by des- 
peration, though encumbered by his rifle, had 
succeeded by overleaping the zigKng turns of the 
[lath and tho other hindrances to his progress, in 
scaling the steep acclivity in season to save a 
life dear to him. 

With a single bound ho reached her Ei<le, nnd 
freeing tlie rich masses of the bright nnd tangled 
hair from the unhallowed contact of the savage 
band, be gently raised her and removed her from 
a proximity which he felt to be a dcsscralion. 
This was done wiiliout a single thought of his 
own exposure, but a cry of warning from his 
companion, who was no other than Walter Cline, 
nnd who had followed him up the ascent, caused 
him to start aside and recalled liini to himself. 

Nahatan having in vain waited a few seconds 
with the expectation of seeing the head of Dil- 
lard appear above the edge of iho precipitous 
height, turned lo Anvers, and with a cool, apa- 
thetic courage which his race in moments of the 
most imminent danger know so well how to sum- 
mon to their aid, sent his arrow from the bow 



with ihat fitcady, deliberate nhn which he felt 
must carry rtea'li !o him r>r whom it was in- 
tended. Bin iho slight clionge of position nndo 
by Anvers at the wurning cry, saved him. The 
deadly shufi, sent with such force and aimed 
with 5neh nceurary that otherwise it must baro 
passed through his brain, merely gra/.cd the eido 
of bis head, causing a momentary giddincsd ami 
confusion. 

Though Nalmtan saw that he had failed in his 
fell intent, his desire t<» rush upon him and in n 
hand-to-hfliid encounter, by his superior strcngili 
make sure of him, yielded to his deep and long 
cherished passion for revenge against the slayer 
of his brother. With a cry fierce nnd wild an 
that of a bunted panther, at the same time snatch- 
ing his hatchet from hii* belt, he da!>bed townrda 
the spot whore Mjra, still without any sign of 
life, lay near the verge of the platform impend- 
ing over the dark and yawning abyss. 

" The bird wont sing," he muttered, half audi- 
bly, " when the murderer of my brother comca 
hither to carry her back to her nest." 

He reached the place where she lay, thrust 
aside the thick and clustering cuils preparatory 
to sinking his hatchet in her temple, when his 
arm was stayed by an iron grasp. It was the 
hand of the hunter, who, having recovered from 
his fall, returned to the jtlace whence he had 
been precipitated. 

The reeling form of Anvers, Myra n)>pnrenlly 
lying prostrate in death, and Nahatan rushing to- 
wards ber, intending as bo believed, to tear tho 
scalp from the beauteous head, which when eIio 
was a littlo child had often as she slept been 
nestled against the broad, manly breast now agi- 
tated with grief, fear, and an uncontrollable de- 
sire to avenge her — was taken in at a single 
glance of his keen, quick eye. 

A sudden attempt to free himself from the vice- 
like clutch of the hand that held him, in which 
every norvo was tasked to the nlmost, showed 
Nahalan that to repeat it would bo utterly futile. 
Superstition likewise lent its akl in causing him, 
when once in the hands of Dillard, to submit in 
sullen silence ; for it had long been a received 
opinion among tho Indians of that region, and 
even many of the backwoodsmen, that il was by 
tho influence of some charm which the hunter 
carried about him, that he was enabled, from 
time to time, to perform feats of prowess and 
daring which no other human being had the hardi- 
hood to attempt. Having on more than one oc- 
casion found advantage to himself in this preva- 
lent and absurd belief, Dillard did not contradict 
it; and even on certain occasions contrived to 
display, ns if by accident, a curiously wrought 
toy, wliich was preserved from harm in the same 
receptacle containing a supply of the fascinating 
weed so precious to the lone hunter when in tho 
Yust solitudes of the wilderness. 

Tho other Indian, when he saw that Nahatan 
WHS captured, passively yielded himself lo a 
similar fate. 

The moment that the Indians were secured, 
Anvers, \mli all the skill and energy lie was 
master of, addressed himself to the task of 
recovering Myra from her deathlike swoon. 

" It can't avail nothing — she is dead," said he, 
as after chafing ber bauds nnd temples, his fin- 
gers sought in vain for a faint pulsation at the 
wrist. 

"Don't be down-hearted — there may bo life 
left yet," said Dillard, who was busy in securing 
his captive so ns to put it out of bis power to do 
further harm. "There's a spring at the foot of 
yonder tree. Bring some water, Juba. You'll 
find a gourd by tho side of the spring, which I 
left there tho last time I was ihis way huntin'." 

Cool water was now sprinkled on the young 
girl's face, and it was not long before the cflorts 
to recover her l^cgan lo promise sucee^s. There 
was n feeble |tlay of the pulses, and a sliglit 
quivering of the eyelids veiling the largo, soft 
eyes of darkest velvet, wliich even Dillard, more 
experienced in such matters than the others, be- 
gan to fear would never more open upon the 
light of day. 

^bhe be alive, she bo alive !" exclaimed Juba ; 
and he gave a sudden bound, and clasped Iiis 
bands in an ccstacy of joy. 

" Yes, she is alive, and let the Great Ruler of 
all be praised," said the old hunter, reverently 
raising his eyes to heaven. " It's been my lot to 
havo many a hard hit— so many that I've got 
kind o' u^cd to 'em ; but lo 'ave seen hu- bright 
head laid in the dust, would 'ave been harder 
than any ono I've ever 'sperienccd." And he 
furtively brushed away a tear which lia<l slowly 
gatbeicd and hung upon !iis e_»clash. 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAAVING-ROOM COMPANION. 



07 



..Morewn.cP.J..f"'."^''»;An^'="- 
A faint color »toI« to Mym s check, nt llie 
1 uf liis voice, wliich deepened to crimson 
""tc oi.-md bcr cyc5 ami raised ibera to the 
T * f hini ii"i>i'"t whom she was leniiinf;. This 
,7,lcn rmickcning of life's i-oUI nnd sluggish 
flid more ihna aught else had doiio to 

F rill" her hack to I'H" 

-Am I fttliome-'"s»;d she, fmiitly ;-Anvcr«« 

,i' lioiue, iho only place where !-lic Imd ever 
,1 him, associnted together to her still 

I,.,lf-c!oii<icd mind. 

But the It»Iiiin lying ncftr, on whom her eyes 
liic nest moment rested, iinJ whose fentiirCR, now 
■' 4 in the cold rif;idity of dciitli, wore the same 
lleiTO ni'd sava^'O expression as when she saw 
rni'C the gliHering knife ahove her head, rc- 
illcd ihc horrors of the srenc which fortutiiUely 
',-,,r her hud produced insensihility. 

■■I know now," said she, with a shudder, and 
^vi[lldrawiIlg her eyes f[om the stem, hai-sh fea- 
iiircs on which they had hccn resting. 

One half miniilc she yielded to Ihc Itinguor, 
l,nili mental and physical, caused hy the terror 
and violence to which tlie had been sithjected ; 
wlicn roused hy a sudden renlir.aiion of the pres- 
, lit she staricd, and made an effort to free her- 
fiom the encircling arm which yuppoited 
l„.r. She found herself unalile to rise, and sank 
hi'^vily hack. 

" I didn't know that I was so weak," said she, 
iviili Iici{;hicncd color, partly llic effcLt of her 
i-xcilion to rise, but fur more from what she saw 
in llie deep, earnest eyes which at the moment 
she raised hers were hent ujjon her; she rend in 
ilium— for to him il was a moment of ahandon 
111 which he liiul never before indulgetl— the 
fiecrct which he had sacredly iruarded ever since 
the p omise made to Mr. Danhridge, the evening 
previous to his departure from the plantation. 

Aiivcrs saw that she was agitated, and in its 
iiiceteralcd beatings, he might have recognized 
tlie whispers of a heart answering to his, had he 
not slnunk from, surrendering himself to what 
he frai-ed would prove to bo only a bright and 
lieautitui illui-ion. 

Awakened to a new life, which until then liad 
Fhcd round her only the light of a faint, uncer- 
tain dawn, her tliought^, liy being diverted from 
the horrors through which she passed, and turned 
into a different and absorbing subject, made her 
ictovcry rapid, and in tbo course of lialf an hour 
(.ho was so far restored that she declared herself 
to he perfectly able to commence her homeward 
journey, 

The horse which Myra had hccn compelled to 
ride, was found tethered and feeding not f.ir dis- 
tant, and proved to bo one which the Indians 
li;id stolen from the plantation of Mr. Danbridge. 
Siiuli preliminary preparations as circumstances 
pcrmillcd, had already been made by Dillard, 
assisted by Juba. 

Myra, whom httbit had made adventurotis and 
almost as sure footed as the young roe of the 
liills.at anyother time would scarce have needed 
licip in descending the liill, sleep as it was. Now, 
the still lingering weakness and tremor conse- 
'picnt on the late terrible shock she had sus- 
initicd, made her gUul to accept the proffered aid 
of Anvcre. 

" One mile from here," said Dillard, when 
evcryiliing was in readiness to start, "is ft cabin 
where we are sure to get venison steaks, good 
enough to sot afore a king," 

"That is good news," said Cline, " after the 
h'lig ride Lieutenant Anvers and 1 have had." 

"On the whole, it was well that your route 
was in this direction," said Dillard, " for if you 
hadn't happened along jest when you did, I raly 
h lii;vc tiic red varmints would 'avo had the best 
ccud o' the bargain." 

" Our coming this way was not chance," said 
Anvers. 

" Well, now, I cal'clated it was. What was 
II then?" 

" VVc stopped to in<|uire the way to Mr. Dan- 
I'l idge », of ft young man wo met, who told us 
" hat Lad happened lo Miss Pemberton, and that 
V'u had taken some one with you, and goap in 
pursuit of her." 

"That was 'Siah Wells. Ho knew the exact 
miiic I meant lo take." 

^es, 'Siah Wells, was liis name, and at my 
Crtrnesi rwpiest he guided us to the edge of the 
woods, from wlicnco I could see sonio one I 
knew must be Miss Pemberton, atandiug near 
<fic verge of the j.recipicc. The Indians I cJuldn't 
*'-c— iliey were hidden bv the ircci. The rest 
X'JU know," 

" Ytis.ttud I know.too, that everything turned 



out jest right. I felt tannin, when I sot out af- 
ter her, that the Great Ruler, whose voice IVo 
seemed to hear many and many a time when I 
was alone in the wilderness and the st.irs were 
looking on me fmm the sky, would never suffer 
one so innocent and good, to rcm.ain in the 
power of the savages." 

Dillard, who ai-tcd ns guide, eoon directed 
their attcniion to a wreath of blue smoke circling 
above the distant trees. 

" There stands the cabin I told you about," 
said ho. 

In ft few moments they had arrived «t the 
rude dwelling and wer» conliidly welcomed by 
its inmates. 



ClIAPTKU XIV. 

AN UNWKLCOlie VISITOR. 

Tun same afternoon of Myra's abduction, 
Braxon wus returning to the plantation, from 
whicli he had been absent the last two days. lie 
was in no very genial mood, for ho had hccn 
making an unsuccessful attempt to find the 
whereabouts of Sybil Finchley, who, ho believed, 
was not many miles disrant. 

He had arrived within half ft niilo of tlie man- 
sion of Mr. Danbridge, when just as he entered 
the path, which crossed a piece of woods, bo 
llioirght be heard footsteps behind him. Tiie 
next minute some one was at his side. His 
liand instinclively sought one of tho defensive 
weapons he always carried about hlLu, but when 
ho saw that he who had overtaken him was a rag- 
ged, barefooted boy, not more than twelve or four- 
teen years old, bis alarm subsided. He, however, 
quickened his pace, as an intimation that he did 
not wish for company. But the hoy showed that 
he was not to be easily shaken off, by carefully 
accommodaling his gait to Braxon's, while, from 
time to time, ho stealthily glanced at his face. 

" Your name is Braxon he said, at last, ap- 
parently satisfied with tho result of his silent 
examination. 

"I don't know why it should concern you, 
whether il is, or is not," replied Braxon. 

" Well, I reckon it does eonsaro mo, and you, 
too, if your name is Braxon." • 

" Why ?" he demanded, with a startled look ; 
for be was incessantly baunied by the fear thai 
Sybil Fincbley, hy some means, would ensnare 
or betray him, 

"I aint to tell till I know sartain whether 
you're the right man or not." 

"My name is Braxon. Will thot satisfy you ?" 

" I reckon this is for you, then," said the boy, 
taking a piece of soiled and crumpled paper from 
bis |)ockct, and banding it lo him. 

" Have you read it?" demanded Braxon, sharp- 
ly,and turning pale the moment ho sawwhattho 
paper contained. 

The boy shook his head. 

" That wont do for an answer. Have yoi read 
what is written ia this paper?" 

"I is no scholard — I never learnt to read 
wrilin'." 

" Have you let any one see it?" 

"No, I promised not to." 

" 'Twas a man that gave it to you?" 

" Yes." 

" Did you know his name ?" 

"Nu, lie didn't tell mc, and I never seed him 
before. He said that you would know who the 
paper come from, by the two letters at the bot- 
tom of the wrilin'." 

" Did yon cvr sec me before now 

"No." 

"How carac you to know ine then?" 

An expression, half sheepish, half comic, stole 
to the boy's eyes and lurked round the corners of 
bis mouth, but ho did not si)ertk. 

"I asked you, sirrah, liow you came to know 
mc?" repeated Braxon, angrily. 

He bent his eyes to the ground and elill re- 
mained silent. 

" Did }ou hear what I said ?" 

"I should be powerful hard o" hearin', if I 
didn't." 

"Answer inc then." 

" I rayther not." 

"You must, and shall answer me." 

"I reckon I shan't," replied tlie hoy, coolly 

Bnuton bit his liji^i, and muttering to himself, 
" I shall gel nothing out of him so," changed 
his tone for one more conciliatory. He took half 
a crown from bis pocket. 

" Di) yon see this ?" said ho. 

" Yci", 1 sees it." 

*■ Tell mo what I asked 3 on, and it shall be 
yours," said Bra.von, who every moment grew 



stronger and xronger in the belief, that the rea- 
son he would be ohiigcd to assign would convoy 
fcomi* import«nt inforiuwion to himself. 

There was evidently somcihing extremely fi»- 
cinating to the hoy's eyes iu tho bright gleam of 
the silver, yet still he hesimted. 

"Are you going to lell mo <" 

" Give mo the money and I will." 

" Conio and take it," said lirnxon, placing 
himself in duch a mannorihat tho boy could not, 
as he imai;ined, escape wiihyul breaking through 
a tliicket of brior>bushcs. 

" I am to tell you how I came lo know yoa," 
said the hoy, taking tbo half crown and quickly 
thnistiitg it into liin pocket. 

•■ Yoa." 

" Well, then, arlcr the man told me thai I 
must bo sartain to give it into Braxon's own 
hand, says he, 'if you see anybody thai calls 
biinself Braxon cvcrsomueh, yon needn't holiovo 
him, if be don't look like a knave, and a douhle- 
Hnd-twisted villain.' So I promised, and the 
minute I sot cycf on you, I knew hy your looks 
that yon was tbo one I was arier." 

While the last words were slill on bis lip"!, al 
.1 single bound be cleared tho briery tliicket, and 
the next instant was out of sight. 

As Brnxon'sejc caught the last flullcr of his 
tattered garments, be lore in pieces the bit of pa- 
per ho held ill bis hand, and scattered them to 
the winds. 

" So the brother os well as the sister is on my 
track, and his cry too, is money 1 money 1 Well, 
be must liavc it, or — " 

He did not finish tho sentence, but the look of 
horror which darkened his counienauce, showed 
that the alternative was a biitcr oue. 

Wilh hurried sleps, as if rapidity of locomo' 
lion would dissipate the unwelcome thoughts 
which, like so many spectres, came thronging to 
bis mind, he resumed hi* walk in the direction of 
tho planiation. When arrived there, ho lound 
all in commotion on account of tho disappear- 
ance of Mjra Pemberton, Dillard and Juba hav- 
ing just gone in pursuit of her. His pupil too 
was absent, a circumstance, as he wished to con 
fer with him, that in nowise tended to soothe his 
bigh wroughl excitalion. Candaco Alherly was 
standing by herself, listening eagerly to what wsis 
said rolaiivo to tho chances of Dillard's success 
in recovering Mjra. Braxon approaclied her. 

" Do you know where Percy is ?" said he. 

"No, I haven't seen him to-day." 

" Not at breakfast?" 

" No." 

" He was hero yesterday ?" 

" Not till the evening." 

" He passed the evening herc ?" 

" No, ho came in at ten o'clock, and without 
stopping to speak to any one, went directly to 
his room." 

" There is something wrong about tliis. When 
I am absent ho takes too much liberty." 

" Wlicn you and his fatlur are both absent, 
you might say." 

" Mr. Danbridge has been gone, thcQ-?" 

" Yes, nil day." 

"Ho doesn't often leave homo, since the In- 
dians have caused so much alarm. Urgent bu-i- 
ncss must have called him away. I heard him 
remark not long since that be was expecting a 
large sum of money by the first arrival from 
Englond" 

" Important business, at any rate," replied 
Candacc. "As lo its being urgent, he might, 
probably, without any inconvenience to himself, 
do without the five thousand pounds a few wcokB 
longer." 

Braxon turned away to conceal hi^ satisfaction. 

" He has little use lor money — be can affoid to 
be generous to his son— I have nothing to fear," 
he mentally soliloquized. 

As these thoughts passed through hia mind— 
and he accepted it as an auspicious omen— be 
saw Percy emerge from the woods, and walk 
hurriedly towards the house. 

" What I heard is true then," paid be to 
Bra\oo, who went to meet him. " Miss Pember- 
ton has been canied away by the Indians !" 

" Yes." 

" I am sincerely sorry for her." 

"I licgan lo be afraid lliat yon were equally 
unfortunate, iny dear Percy," said Mraxon, as- 
suming a blftud, insinuating air. '* You shouldn't 
wander away in such a m^nnncr, when you are li- 
able 10 bo pounced upon by the savages at any 
moment. Mr. Danbridge's only son and buir is 
of some consequence in the world." 

"And yet, wilh all iny consequence, I'll ven- 
ture to say that he hasn't PTCn inqnired for me." 



" I havd jusi reinrncd myself, and cannot, 
thcnforo, confirm or deny n suspicion, which, (o 
fay the least, is untilial. You cannot deny that 
since your arrival ho has always treatoil you as a 
father phniild treat a ivon." 

" Uo isn't a man lo neglect what ho considers 
a duty. In reality, he has no nffoction for mc ; 
nciihcr have I for him. 1 haven't fulfilled his 
expectations. Ho sees my many dcficicncie*. and 
his prido is wounded. I should much rntlier bo 
poor man's son, for thou I could follow iny 
own bent, and might be happy. Now I am 
miserable." 

" I don't understand j-our drift." 
" You may hereafter." 

"It is my pleasure to know now. Explain 
yourself." 

" I prefer not to." 
" Dare you lay thus to mo !" 
" I do.'' 

Braxon could not comprehend liow ono, 
whom he considered comploivly t>ubject to bis 
conirol, wa-s able sudtlciily to a.<snme >0 inde- 
pendent an air. Tbo young man burdly com- 
pr^-liendcd it himself. 

" It will avail you nothing," Draxon at last 
said. " I shall find nicanH to pcnetrato the won- 
derful mystery which causes a youth just out of 
his teens lo be unhappy beeauso he is the ton nnd 
heir of one who in wealth and position ranks 
with tho first gtiutlemcu iu Vir-^inia. Not only 
that, Uiero is a rich and boauliful heiresN — for no 
donbt she will soon return iu safely — to ho bad 
for the wooing." 

" Tho wooer doesn't always wiu. Sbo wouldn't 
marry me if I were tbo heir apparent to tho 
ihronu uf I'iiiglauil ; while on tho other hand, 1 
wouldn't marry licr if I were tho lowest peasant 
that ever laboi-cd for his daily bread." 

" Let nio remind you that your language and 
bearing would bo raoro seemly in a youtli of 
your age, if not so decided, and if it savored loss 
of arrogance." 

" You would have mo cringe to you, tho name 
as I have over done." 

" You have, as in duty bound, been the docile 
pupil of n faithful master. Continue to bo so — 
you will find it for your inlorest." 

" Your authority over mo i« at an ood." 
"Percy Danhridgc, in ono ihing more you 
must obey me. Then I will voluntarily reUuquiah 
my control over you." 

" In what must i obey you ouco inoro ? Lot 
mo bear." 

" To-monow is tho day for you to rccoivo 
your monthly allowaiico." 
" Yes." 

" Exactly in season for my purpose." 
" Voii want it !" 
" That, and as much more." 
" My usual allowance you arc welcome lo, tho 
same as you linvo been heretofore. For more 
than that I will not oak." 
■■ Vou must." 

" Not unless I sec good reason why." 
" I must have it to save myself from ruin — a 
ruin wiiich will involve yours." 

" We are, at least, on equal ground then, and 
you can't hli\mo mo for not doing on your ac- 
count what I will not do on my own. It would 
he mean and ungrateful lo ask to have my gen- 
erous allowance doubled." 

"To save my life then, if I must speak in 
plain terms — will you ask it to save thai ?" 

"Make it oppcar plain to mc tliut a hundred 
poutul*, more or less, will save il, nnd I sluill 
know belter what to say lo you." 

" I can make no explanaiions. You most laku 
my word for it." 

" That 1 will never do. 1 have been tho dupo 
of crafl and cunning long enough. Hencefonh, 
if you lead me, it shall bo with my eyes open V 

" Nonsense, my dear Percy, — you don't mean 
oil that you say. You have il in your power to 
help mc — save mo, I may say. Do so, and in 
rciurn I will do my best to insure tho uccom- 
plisbmcnt of whatever wild and romantic scbcmo 
jou may have in your bead, the failure of which 
you foolishly imagine will malie your Ufo 
wretched." 

" Are you in earnest 1" 
" I was never more so." 
Tho young man remained silent a few mo- 
ments, while, judging by the soft, brilliant ^hl 
which illumined his features, Fome very pleasant 
picture was presenicd to his mental vision. Sud- 
douly his counlenaoee fell. 

'■ if I am ever so happy as to enter my Eden," 
said ho, " it shall not bo over ike trail of tbo 
serpent." 



68 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING llOOM COMPANION. 



" Highly complimentnry, to say the lenat. I 
may consider myself answered." 
" Yoo mny." 
Braxon smiled. 

" My dear Perry," siiid lie, in a Bofi, wlieefi- 
liog tone, "you'll tliink beilirr of whnl you'vo 
Biiid berween tbia and to-morrow mominy. 
Somolhing hns occurred to (rot you, and I nm 
willing to mftko allowance lor you. This sjiirit 
of opposition which has got hold of you will bo 
cured by a night's sleep," 

" Don't flatter yourself with nnythinc of the 
kind. I am not actuated by {uprice. A corner 
of the curtain has boon raised, and I've had a 
glimpse of what is behind the scenes." 

As ho said this, there waa a determination in 
his voice and manner wliich made Braxon fully 
aware of what ho had already apprehended. lie 
knew, that for the future, he would not be a mero 
puppet in hie hands. Even in looks ho had un- 
dergone a transformation. Hia countenance no 
longer wore its former impassive, inane expres- 
Bion. It was thoughtful, earnest and reaolulo. 

For a single moment Braxon regarded hira 
with a fixed look. As ho did so, hia features as- 
sumed a repuleivo, hard look, and the fiery 
gleam which sometimes visited them, kindled in 
his polo, almost colorless eyos. 

" So you have had u look behind the scenes 1" 
he mnttered, between his teeth. 
" I have." 

Without snying another word Braxon turned 
away, and joining one of the groups on the 
lawn, with hia usual quiet aclf-posscssion, entered 
into conversation. 



CHAPTER XV. 

ZOBAVNK. 

A RANGE of lofty hills, in some places broken 
by sharp, ledgy rocks and dark ravines, in othei's 
descending with an easy declivity, half circled a 
broad, open space, covered with the softest and 
liveliest green. 

On one hand, the hills stink abruptly down, 
and were lost in the deep verdure ot the solemn 
and mighty woods which bounded the eastern 
liorizon ; while the western view was enlivooed 
by a mountain stream, which, after rushing in a 
sheet of foam over a barrier of half-sunken 
rocks wedged in between high and precipitous 
shores, gradually expanded, and flowed with a 
deep and even current. 

Near the centre of the area thus formed, was 
what had onco been a huiitcr'a cabin. It had 
long been abandoned by its original occupant, 
and with the green nioAS adhering to its sides, 
and the wild grape vine which had crept over its 
roof, and hung from the caves in fo^itoons, heavy 
with purple cludtors of frail, it was in perfect 
keeping with the wild and picturesque beauty of 
its surroundings. 

A girl of seventeen was standing in the door- 
way of this little vino-embowered hut. Her 
figure was of faultloaa symmetry and fairy liglil- 
ncas, and her dress such us would hardly have 
been looked for in aoch a place, resembling as it 
did the costume of the gipsey girl rather timn of 
a daughter of the American wiltjemess. It con- 
sisted of a dark blue skirt with a deep embroi- 
dery in imitation of natural flowers, and a scar- 
let jacket ornamented with an edging and bands 
of gold lace. Nor were the bright colors of her 
dress in the least trying to her complexion. The 
play of "the rich and eloquent blood," shining 
thiough the olive of her cheeks, suggestive of a 
sunnier clime, gave that living freshness to 
their bloom which must ever remain unrivalled 
by art. 

As she stood, bending forward a little, with 
her red lips slightly parted, her large brown eyes 
lixcd earnestly on a distant reach of the river, 
and her black hair, the sofiest iiTid silkiest that 
ever adorned the head of woman, fulling on 
either side of licr bright and beautiful face like a 
veil, her portrait would have hoiglitened the 
splendor ot one of Titian's most gorgeous 
pictures. 

The son, near his setting, lit up with a golden 
glory the craggy peaks aud rocky pinnacles of 
the hills, and lay in long lines of radiance by the 
side of the deep and lengthening shadows, 
thrown from here and there, by the giant oaks 
across the open space. 

The young girl now and then watched for an 
instant the shadow of the tallest of these oaks, 
as it silently crept towards the strip of smooth, 
shining sand which margined the river. She 
then, with a look more earnest and eager than 
before, would again throw her eyes to the spot 



where she hud first directed her atioiiiioD. When 
she once more looked at the shadow of the tree 
it hud reached the snnda. 

" The boat should have been in sight by this 
lime," she murmured to herself. 
I The next moment a joyful cxclamnfion es- 
caped lier. The boat she had been watching for 
with so much eagerness, darted like a bird round 
the corner of a little islet, which, with ita pine 
trees, rose like a tuft of dark plumcH midway of 
the river, and made directly for a little creek 
where it could be safely moon-d.and at the sumo 
time bo concealed from prying eyes. 

A few light, bounding steps, and she hud 
gained the summit of an elevation, that she 
might see the boat when it reached the shore. 
She was disappointed. 

" If it had only landed a little farther this 
way," thought she, " I could see if Sybil was 
alone ; but there the bushes are so high and so 
thick, and grow so close to the water's edge, that 
all is concealed from view." 

She remained whore she wixs for a little time, 
and then went forward in a slow, hesitating man- 
ner. Very soon she stopped. 

" No," said she, " I wont go. If he has come, 
ho mustn't think I'm so impatient to sco him. 
But it will seem so long to wait." 

To beguile the fifteen minutes which must 
elapse ere her suspense could be terminated, she 
took a guitar, which, with some wreaths of pnrll; 
woven flowers, was lying under a tree, and com 
mcnced dancing with a light, airy motion, indes 
cribobly graceful, and at iho same time nccom 
panying her voice with the guitar us she sung : 

TUB 80N0 OF TUK SBA-NVMPn. 
0, go with mo — go with uic whuro 

My Ulster nymplis rcMdo, 
No Darth-born miiiU is half so fWr— 

No homo BO swD«t boaldo. 

'TIs nhero tho bright and cool green wb.to 

KoIIh sUondy nnd cloiT, 
And though nbovu vrlld l«mpeNl« ravo, 

Stm traniiult Is its Hon. 

And wh(^B on high fierce aunbeoms pl&y, 

Aud bent the sultry air, 
NoDo hut aomo mild aud itllvury rny 

Can find admlttancu ihero. 

Our Juper hulls bright tuhloM patro, 

Aud many e. Kloikining puarl ; 
And where the anowy loot wo Uyo, 

O'er gold the wnlera curl. 

And oft the cool nnvon' rparkUng spray 

Lights on nur golden hair. 
As o er our shelly roof they pluy, 

Qlauclng like dlumouUa thun-. 

And when wu tuiie the choral shell, 

lineb siiul-eDtmuL'ing MtrnlD, 
Ah diva nnny Ha Oowlug swull, 

ISoho ropeald agftln. 

Ihoago with mo— go with me where 

My alMt«r nymphs reside, 
No cBrth-lK>rn maid In iialf so ftilr — 

No home so sweet boaido. 

Tho last notes of the frosh, young voice, sweet, 
clear and delicious as the song of tho mocking- 
bird, wore floating uwuy in the distance, when 
Sybil i'inchley, tho person she was expecting, 
entered tho enclosure. 

" Alone — alone," said she, sadly, tho earnest, 
hopeful look which had lit up her countenance 
giving place to one of extreme sadness. 

Tho next minute, happening to direct her eyes 
towards Uie river, she saw the boat Sybil came 
in returning. The niiet of gathering tears 
dimmed her eyes, und then hung in bright drops 
on her oyolushes. But she dashed thorn away, 
and while an angry crimson flashed across her 
cheek, with a passionate oxclantatiou she sprang 
forward to meet Sybil. 

" lie's gone — he's gone," sho cried, " without 
even seeing me." 

" Who is gone, ray bird V 

"Don't mock ine by asking. You know that 
there's only one in the wide world 1 wibh to see." 

" Ves, I do know, I suppose; but it wasn't ho 
who came with me." 

" Not Percy >" 

" No, 'twas tho boy Tony." 

" And you didn't see biin. I hud rather you 
wouldn't have gone." 

" I did SCO hiin, but ouly for halt a minute." 

" What did he say?" 

" Not much of anything. In the first place 
there wasn't time to say much— in the next place 
that hateful Braxon was lurking round, and 1 
didn't choose that ho should get sight of inc." 

" Did he say anything about me ? But why 
do I ask 1 Don't I know that he did 1" 

" How should you know it, my bird V 



" Don't I know that if I only had time to say 
three words to one I knew had lately seen him, 
Percy would be one of ihem 1" 

" He said twice that number to me." 
" And yet didn't mention me." 
" I haven't said that ho didn't." 
" You are unkind — cruel ; you who know how 
frifn<llosa I nm. No one — " 

Hero she threw her arms round Sybil's neck, 
and gave way to a passionate fit of weeping. 

" Come, my bird, cheer up," said Sybil ; " I 
did wrong to tease you so. Percy did speak of 
you. He Nuid in a whisper, hut not so low that 
I could hear, 'Toll Zuraynel shall see her before 
1 sleep.' " 

" Those were his very words V 
" Yea." 

" Tony came with you to take back tho boat?" 
"To bo sure ho did. If he hadn't, there 
would have been no way fur Percy to get here." 

" Dear Aunt Sybil, you never forgot anything. 
I'll never again call you unkind ;" and hurrying 
to the tree whore tho half-woven wreaths were 
lying, she finished one that wiw starred with rich 
crimson flowers, and so arranged it as lo prevent 
her hair from falling over her forehead. 

" Where are tho bright coins lo braid with it?" 
said Sybil. 

" O, I'll have none of them," she replied, us 
she commenced winding her long, shining tress- 
es round her fingers, in such a manner as to 
cause them to fall over her shoulders in rich 
abundance. 

She then stole down to a place near the water's 
edge where there was a little pool, clear and 
smooth as glass. It was her mirror, and as she 
bent over it and saw the deep, dark eyes looking 
up to hers, and the tips, fresher and more beauti- 
ful than any ^he had ever seen besides, return 
her smile, sho had greater faith in the power ol 
her own loveliness than she had ever felt before. 
Then sho thought of a fair girl sho had heard 
described, and wondered if she was like hor. 

" Yon have seen Myra Pemborton," said she, 
when sho again joined Sybil, who was sitting : 
just outside the door of the hut. 
" Yes." 

" You think her very beautiful ?" 
" I have soon few more so." 
" Her eyes — are they like mine 1" 
Sybil shook her head. 
" They are handsomer." 
" They are very pretty." 
"Are they black ?" 
" No, tho color of violets." 
" I'm glad of that. Percy Ukea dark eyes best." 
"And hor hair?" 
"As little like yours as her eyes." 
" It isu't black then ?" 

"No, it's a soft, rich brown, and so bright and 
glossy, that in tho sunshine it looks as if gold 
dust was sifted over it." 

" O, if mine were only liko it." 
" Foolish child. You say this because you 
think Percy might bo better pleased with bright, 
suimy hair." 

"And don't you think so 1" 
"No, he wouldn't give a single tress of this 
black hair of yours, for all the curls that ever 
grew on Myra Peuiberlon's head. Ho cares 
notliiug for bur, nor sho for him." 

Zorayne answered only by a smile, and a look 
which brightened her countenance, as if u sun- 
beam had passed over it. 

" I mustn't forgot the song he taught me last 
night," said she ; and taking her guitar sho com- 
mouced singing : 

" 0, tell me not, there Is no bllsi, 

Ueiieuth the nUrry sklcH, 
While one bright, tiMuilng hour like this, 
Sheds npturv, oa It tUtts." 

After singing the first two lines, a deep, mel- 
low voice, softened by tho distance, chimed in 
with her*, and half obscured by the purple gloom 
which now rested on the river, sho could see the 
looked-for boat gliding towards its place of shel- 
ter. A moment's silence, aud the strings of tlie 
guitar again thrilled beneath her fingers, and 
mingled its notes with her voice. Bui ere she 
had finished the first line of the second stanza, 
with a passionate gesture she cast the instrument 
aside. 

" Why don't you sing the njst !" said Sybil. 
"Iran think only of him. lean remember 
neither music nor words. They are floating in 
my mind liko something bright and beautiful, 
but uU tangled together." 

" I can think only of him— only of him. Just 
the words I've heard her motiier say so many 
times," eaid Sybil to herself. 



As Zorayne stood watching for the appearance 
of her lover, SybU's thoughts were basy with the 
time when rhe fir^t saw her. Prior to that time 
sho had led the wandering life of a gipsey 
among the hills of Spain. Why her mother 
who possessed all the wondrous and fascinating 
beauty with which the young Spanish gitana is 
often endowed, came to leave her own bright 
clime for England, no one knew except Sybil 
Finchley. When one stormy night the beantifnl 
gipsey, and her no less lovely child, came to her 
door to beg a few hours' shelter, she not only 
granted the request, but gave them a homo. 

Sho subsequently learned that she left her na- 
tive land to seek beneath the dull skies of Britain, 
one, who, in accordance with the simple ritual 
prescribed by her people, was her husband. To 
her it hud been a solemn and sacred rite ; to 
him, a chain to be severed and cast aside when- 
ever Iho flowers which wreathed it began to lose 
their freshness. Her search proved a vain one, 
for she had never known him except by an as- 
sumed name ; and a year had not passed, when 
tho grass was green on her grave. 

Sybil Finchley, unworthy as she was, and ia 
many things deserving ot censure, accepted the 
daughter of the dying mother as a sacred trust, 
which thus far, to the best of hor ability, she had 
faithfully fulfilled. Her dream of the post waa 
broken by the voice of Percy, who, with a joy- 
ous exclamation, sprang forward to meet Zo- 
rayne. The clouds of sunset had not yet lost 
all their brightness, and he and tho young girl 
for a while stood silently watching them. 

Love is certainly a beautifler. As they thus 
stood together, his couulcnance, which used lo 
be so dull and apathetic, was full of light and 
enthusiasm. But they soon faded, giving place 
to a look of sadness. Tho cloud could not es- 
cape tho eye of Zorayne. Its gloom fell on her 
heart. 

" You're not happy — half ne happy as when 
you were here last," said sho. 

" What makes you think so, dear Zorayne?" 

" Can a shadow fall on you without hiding the 
sunshine from me? Tell me, Percy, what has 
happened." 

He took both of her little hands, and looked 
into tho large, soft eyes raised to his. 

"Before answering your question," said he, 
" let me ask you it you are happy in this little 
nest 1" 

" Sometimes." 

" But at others, you think you would bo hap- 
pier in some stately mansion — some magnificent 
palace ?" 

" No, I don't care for palaces." 

" What is it then?" 

" I am lonely. A bird, even a star, or a 
flower used to be a compuiiiou — a friend. Now 
I only think of tho hour which will bring you." 

" Yea, Zorayne tells tho truth," saul Sybil. 
"Sho lias had her homo in tho forest and among 
tho hills too long to care for grand houses. But 
what made your thoughts run on that subject ?" 

" There was good reason why they should." 

" You have been told Homothing you didn't 
suspect — sumething concerning yourself and Mr. 
Daiibridge. Ami right?" 

" I don't know but that I may say I didn't 
suspect it, yet many a lime long ago, and many 
a time since, something very similar to what I 
have this day learned has passed through my 
mind, liko the memory of a dream." 

" It makes the old saying good, that ' little 
pitchers have great ears.' 'Twus no dream. I 
remember the time as well as if it were only yes- 
terday. When Mrs. Cline had the care of you, 
I called to see her one evening. You were about 
six years old then. Her son was absent, and she 
jtersuaded me to stay all night with her. We sat 
late, talking of old times, and tho bad man who 
had so deceived her about Mr. Daubridge's son." 

" Who was the man?" 

" Have you no suspicion who it was V 

" None." 

" It must have been my brother who told you 
about this afair." 
" It was." 

" He had some reason for not telling you hia 
name, but it wont be hidden from you long. As 
1 was saying, Mrs. Clino and I spoke about you, 
and between us both we told over pretty much 
the whole story, when all at once, happening lo 
look around to your crib, I saw that you were 
awake. After all, I wish my brother had not 
told you quite yet." 

" I wish he had told me sooner. I have too 
long been the usurper of anothei's righis, 
though, thank Heaven, innocently." 



BALLOU'S PICTOUIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 




69 



THE CITY OF ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT. 



" What doos all this mean V paid Zomync. 
"Nothing, only that I'm not Mr. Dniihridgo's son." 
"Not his son'!" 
" Even so," 

" Mr. Danbridgo knows nothing about it aa yot," said Sybil. 
" Not a word." 

" Why need ho know it then V 

" Would you tempt me to hide it from him 1" 

" Tlie momont you tell him, you throw away a fortune which 
would enable you to live in ease and splendor." 

"' ncttor to have a light purse than a heavy heart." 

"To see her surrounded with luxury — wouldn't that tempt you." 

" Tliat. if anything Zuruyno, does the thought that I am not a 
ricli man'M son trouble you." 

"Thinking you to bo a rich man's son, has caused mo more «n- 
hflppiness than aught else." 

" And to confeaa the truth, over since I first saw you, the 
tlioiitrht hasn't been a pleasant one to nic." 

" Kvca this evening," said Zorayne, "while watching to catch 
rhe first glimpse of your boat on the river, I was haunted with the 
Tufling that you might never dare venture to come again. I knew 
llial the poor gipsey girl was no mate for Mr. Danhridt'e's son." 

" Your goodness, innocence and beauty make you a mate for 
any one, and raise you far above me." 

" Your love spoke then, dear Percy. It would have hfcn differ- 
ent with Mr. Danbridge. He would have thought of me only as 
iin (tuica'it, and spurned me." 

" No one, dearest, with any heart, could spurn you. Least of all, 
Eucli a noble-hearted man as M:r. Danbridge." 

"And yet," said Sybil, " he would hardly have consented to re- 
ci'ive lier as a daughter." 

" I know it. I have found so well what ho thinks rolativo to 
.^uch matters, as to be certain he wouldn't." 
]]And what did you intend to do in that case?" 
" Give up my inheritance, for I would not break mv promise to 
M"?' ^^^'^ ^ should be ulad of u small portion of the 

wealth I expected ; for myself. I am . ontonl to remain poor, the 
same 1 always have been. All that Mr. Danbridgeevor gave me, 
a« you know, went into Braxon's hands." 
■ivr*"^ "'"^ you're not penniless." 
No, for I've five shillings and threepcncp in my pocket. This 
morning, unfortunately, before I knew what I do now, Mr. Dan- 
"rulpe paid me my monthly allowance." 
I i ou have that then*" 

" No, it has gone the same way as all the rest." 
_ ion gave it to Braxon7" 

_^ Yes, in less than ten minutes after T received it." 
And yet I repeat that you're not penniless." 
I^-xplam— I don't understand." 

i-ora long time— no matter why— it lias been for Braxon's 
vln .'^ silence, and I've 'expect<jd liberal pay. Can 

you Kuess why I exacted it ?" 

_ Vou had a use for money. I suppose." 
it for ''"'^ J never have spent a farthing of it. I kept 

have nSd oTit ''"^ "^"'"'^ 

I] All » Did you say that you kept it all 1" 

„ ^very penny of it." 

BRnhH? ^ '"^^'^ "^y PO'"^'" to "^ta™ Mr. 

fai^^ r. r * ^ „ ' potion of what has been obtained from him by 
'aise pretences." 

a stf.^'Ji'^^ ™" There may be more worldly wisdom in such 

a step than you think for." ^ 
the diS"" '"^ because it don't belong to me. I was Uught 

shall n.>,!^!"r*' '^''''^een ritrht and wronc by mv good nur«e, and 
as inm h « ^o"'''''? wisdom, t believe 1 haven't 

,|n^<^b as some people have." 

Kuhiect ' ^If V"? ""i**"*^ ^^^^ care not to enlighten you on that 
have A , inught vou the value of money, vou would 

readv to , ■ '** ? '""^ t'"" vou woul'dn't^e so 

W'il teach I^ortlie future, necessity 

Tiatters \ ,h S"" ""t-''''- Now let us speak of othtr 

^'een tohl v «:»v a word of what has 

Bruxon . P^rgoii whatever. AboVc all, be careful ihat 

<>"'i t suspect anvihing of the kind." 



" I must tell Mr. Danbridgo." 

" Not even him at present. There are those whose lives, oven, 
may bo endangered by a premature d!sclo^ure." 

"I hope it wont be long before; I can tell him. I am not so 
criiftv as Braxon, and may say or do soiuclhine which will betray 
me." 

" It may be weeks first, or it may bo only a few days." 

Nothing more was said on the subject, and an hour afterwards 
the young man bid them farewell, after promising to visit them 
again the evening following. 

[to BU CONTtNCKD ) 

VIEW OF UKVROUT, IN SYRIA. 

The view herewith published of Bcyrout, Bairut, Beyrouth, or 
Bayruth, as it is indifferently spelled, is the l)est wo have seen of 
that celebrated city of Turkey in Asia. It is seen stretched along 
the water, with its white houses and minarets, the distance being 
crowned by precipitous hills, which give a sinpularly romantic 
character to the landscape. In iho foreground are specimens oi 
the high caps and curious costume of a portion of the people, 
Beyrout, anciently Berytus, is in the pacbalic of Acre, Syria, 
twenty-five leagues from that place, and twcnly four from Dninns- 
cus. Its history is lost iu the ni;,'lit of time. Fable assi[,'ii9 Sa- 
turn as its founder. Strabo speaks of it with praise, and it is 
mentioned by Pliny. Ptolemy and Dionysiu*. Berytus was the 



country of Sanconiathon, the o«lebnted historian of Phcenicia, 
who is said to bavc lived in the time of Sominunia. or. acrording 
to others, in the days of Gideon, judge of Israel, about 1245 n. o. 
Glass is said to have l>een inventol at Berytus. Tho Kmperor 
Augustus made it a Roman colony, and called it Felix Julia, after 
his daughter. The epithet of Felix (happy — fortuuate), was at- 
tribulod to it on account of tho fertility of its environs, its incom- 
parable climate, and the miignifloonce o( its situation. Agrippa 
conducted two lenions of the Uoman army thither. Berytus, be- 
coming the most beautiful city of Phtenicia, had a school of civil 
law which was colobrated throughout tho East Completely over- 
thrown by an earthtiuako in .^6fi, it soon rose again from its niins. 
Still Inter it sustained two memorable sieges, one against Baldwin 
I,, kmj; of .leruNidem, in the year 1109 of the Christian em. when 
he took it from the Saracens," and tho other against Siiladin, snl- 
t«u of Knypt .uid Syria, in 1187. Saladin finally rocomiucrod it. 
iirtcr a hm:; pcsisiimco. and was then crowned sultan of Jenisalem, 
niima^i ns and C»iro. In 1197. tho Cnisadcm and the troops of 
Maiek Adel met belwcon Tyrw and Sidon.on the borders ot Nahr- 
cl-lvrtsmiob. Victory having perched upon the Christian baaners, 
the mhabitauts of Bevrout tied atthoir approach. Tho victors ot 
Kwsmich, occordiuK to tho chronicles, found in tho abandoned city 
provisions enough for three vcant, and a sufflcicni .luftntitv ol 
bows, arrows and slings to load two large ships. Since Uie period 
of tho crusades, it has almost always remained under the rule of 
tho emirs of the Druses, prince* of Lebanon. One of tho most 
cclehnii4jd of them, the emir Fukhr-Kddin, made it his capital and 
habitual residence. He ba«l brought back from his Italian travels, 
and a sojourn of nine years at tho court of the Medici, in Flor- 
ence, a Uisle for architectuin and tho fine arw. All the buildings 
ordered by him were in tho Itonum stylo, Tho sultan Murad IV , 
jealous of his power and renown, ordcro.l Kutchuk Ahmed Pacha 
to depose him. Vanquished and carried prisoner to Constantino- 
ple, Fakhr Eddin was decapitated, and his head exposed at th« 
seraglio gate. Stilt his sons succeeded to his authority. About 
a century since, bis race having become extinct, tho authority was 
vested in an Arabic family. Beyrout is situated on a tongue of 
land which protrudes into the transpartmt waters of the Syrian 
sea. On the ritjht and loft are a few mcks crowned with Turkish 
fortifications, and producing a highly picturosi|ue effect. It has 
three gates, and a khan {cn/nyw/ of inorchandise). Open on tho 
sea,sidc, the three other sides are surrounded by walls constructed 
by the emirs, and flanked by Saracenic toweni. The houses, 
shops ami bazaars are genorully well built of stone, and loftier 
than those usually found in Syria ; the roofs are terraced, Tho 
streeU are paved with flag stones, and are narrow and tortuous, 
and tho water is so bad that the women are obliged to procure it 
from the surrounding country. The ancient ruins scattered about 
Beyrout do not allow us to tloubt thai the modern city occupies u 
portion of the site of the ancient Berytus. On tho west side are 
a cistern, and tho remains of an amieduot and ancient baths ; to- 
wards the sea are the ruins of a soini circular moiinmont, supposed 
to have been the theatre of Agrippa The population of Beyrout 
is composed of Moronitos, Greek Catholics and Mussiilnian Arabs. 
Consuls of various Christian powers reside bonv All religionn 
are tolerated— and Christianity is represented here by American 
missionaries. 

CITY Of Alii:\AM>RlA, LOWICK raJYIT. 

Tho accompanying engraving is nn excellent general view of 
the famous city of Alexandria ( Iskanderyoh). I^owor Egypt, with 
its minarets, fortifications, its pier, lightliouse and shipping illumi- 
nated by the rays of the rising sun. It communicates with Cairo 
by the Nile, and tho Mahmoudieli canal, of which we recently 
published an engraving. Our rendvrs need not be told that it de- 
rives its name from its founder, Alexander the Great, Tho modem 
town is built on a peninsula, anciently the island of Pharos. The 
ruins of the ancient city cover a vast extent of the mainland. Tho 
present population is about 60,000, including 8000 troops and tho 
workmen of the arsenal. Some of the wooden buildings, such as 
the )>acba'B palace, the navnl and military bospituls and the 
schools, are really tine structures, tndec<l the traveller, in some 
parts of Alexandria, might fancy himsolt in a European city. 
The Turkish quarter is, however, irregular and dirty, Aloxandna 
is still the groat commercial empurium of Egypt, and a largo 
share of business is transacted here. Tho trade is increasing. 




VIEW OK ItEYROUT, 8VRIA 



TO 



BALLOU'S I'lCTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



Iffrltlen for nH)loii'« I'lcWrlol J 



iriico Bnt we met, the blu.ililci; row 

Wii* on Ikt Dio-lcst cit ■<•!{, 
npr hfrtf t tmiiLlinjf ul tbv clc* 

or wonls 1 dwt ti) fjipik ; 
1 helil lipr pwfhp hnni\ (n niiar, 

And felt tbp rtrdoot glnW 
Bcln; Il» sti^n'C " I »«i HjIo'i" 

M itioaeli "l<o 

Artotlicr Jl[) Ih'iti tultio, 
Tlic purple tlijstiTS litifl heon prMHtJ 

or nil lliclr Itlrml vtliio; 
TliB Illv hfiJ <llM|.lfif(-J llip roiio 

Upt>i) hiT )i<>IIM Phrch, 
All nrigi-l pliiKlHrlw'J tlti- done 

or uoi'i)d 1 lii-nnl hvt >imih. 

0, iWkW thnte on mj Ii|>ll 

Of ftlilili ] ravldioij lii'oi! 
O, tlirlll iiin Ul iiij fliiBiT If]'*, 
'J'liu I'lVn n'lili-li III no' Hllrn' 
For Inm rlillly iiH Hie -luv, 

Hy rlilnhlriK of her fliroml, 
And chliliiiK tvpi'y liiuir"* dnlay 
Proiii drvuiua 1>> lu'r vDiloitvd. 



[WrittfTU for Iliillcu'B I'iitorlftl.) 

Advcntiivos on tlic Const of Afiicn. 

HUMBEB 5. 



JIT WALTKR CLAltKNCE. 

I'/if Gunno ixhini! of f<-fiali(f. — Mrlhitil ff Innilinrj 
fliintm. — Siw/ulnr dltroi rj i/ on l/ir ishtiitl. — -Slii- 
)iiflihj of l/ir jiriiiiuins. — A I'ifil Jrmn /fir Nim- 
at/iifi Holl.>ilot!t.—S(td shipwr'trk.— Drpaiiiirr 
from Ifhuiior. 

TiiF. U\mA of Iclmboo is Bitunled on the coast 
of AngiT I'l'iigninn, nbont tlic (U'Krco of 
6onlh latituili', and net moio llinii a milo from 
ilio riiaitil;iiiil. Tliiilier was llie Alert hoiiin), 
We set Piiii f.om Sicim lyeoiio, niid after n ledi- 
nus pflssftce of four weeks, found oiirselvL'H in tlic 
latiiiiile of Orango Hivcr. Somcwliiro m-nr tho 
nioulli of iho river w e knew the island of Iclinlioe 
to he, hut it liad not hitherto been laid down in 
tho charts of tho Afi icun coast, and il^ whtrc- 
ubouti', uvcn its pxislenee, hnd been, until lately, 
unknown, snvc lo a few eosisiini; bkijjpert;. The 
sudden mania to employ guano ii forlilizing 
a;,'ent, whi< h bad taken po^^es^ion of the airrieu!- 
lural woi hl, and the diseovcry of a vn-t quantity 
of ihe manure on this insignifieant satnl-bnnk on 
the southern rnnat of Afrieu, liad raised the islnnd 
into n plnee of fleciintr, hui. for the time being-, 
considerable coinmercinl imporlnnre. 

Sailing to tho extrvnio koiiiIi of iho eoast of 
Anger I'enfjuinn, wc pointed tbo schooner's 
bead northward, and coasted alonj; close in 
sborCj iinlil wc nuide the island of whirli we were 
in Bcareh. Onr first intiinaiion t!int wo had 
reached our ilcstinntion, was the Rudik-n appear- 
ance of a forest of innala towering abovo the 
fcuinmit ofn low liillork, no near iho inainlaTid 
that nt first sight it did not a|ipearlo be iletuehed 
from it ; but the hulls and lower spaisof the ves- 
sels were concealed from view by the buid, show- 
ing that tliey woro lying sbultered beiween tho 
hillock and the nuiinlanJ. Lons,' reefs streicbed 
out to seaward, over which the »\vull constantly 
rolling in from the Ailanite, broke with & monot- 
onous, melancholy roar, while tho white foam 
(lashed far up tlie sandy beach. Tlie oiniosphcro 
M'as olmost darkened with iinmcaso tligbis of 
seu-fowl which hovered over the land, filling tho 
air with their discordant, shrieking voices ; the 
atmosphere, though tlio latitude was low, was 
damp and chilly, and the coast as far au tho uye 
could reach, sterile and dreary to look upon. 

Wc Bailed round ii low point and entered n 
spacious bay resembling a semi-circle, and formed 
by the island and the mainbind ; and now a won- 
derful Bcone presented itself. Wo seemed, as if 
by magic, to have come upon a vast mart of 
commerce. At least two hundred vessels of all 
sizes and rigs, lay at anchor in the spacious har- 
bor; and boats innumerable were passing to and 
fro, from the vcst^els to tho land. The tlags of 
the shijis wen: lioistcd to do honor to tbo appear- 
ance of a vessel -of- war, and half a dozen of tbo 
more anibilions captains Hred a sahito with the 
ship's guns. The shore was lined with white 
tents, as if an army h.id encamped there. 

In the course of another half hour we lay at 
anchor with sails furled, in the midst of the lleet 
of traders. Several of the captiiius came on 
board to atTorJ us such inlormalion as wo might 
require. I biive obiicrved that wy <.ame to do 
duty as a guard ship ; very soon the number of 



romijhiiiils mndc, cRiisficd oar cnplnin ibat he 
would have cnougli to do in his new mngislurial 
Qcciipulion. There were, as I have said, two 
Imndrcd ships in the harbor, and on ^liorc, we 
now learnt, thero were five hundred l.-iborers, 
Irishmen and Kroomen, hired by ihc owners of 
tho vessels, from Liverjiool and from Sierra 
Leone. Tiiefic men lived in tents, and were pro- 
vided with fooil by the captains of ihe ve*ficls to 
which the several gangs belonged, and as ouch 
cflplain choi*o his own especial field of labor on 
nhore, subjecl only to a code of regulniionif drawn 
up by one of tho number, wiili ilio aiii»robaii(iii 
of the rest, and, as n niaiiprof cotirso, frci|uently 
broken, tbo quarrels bciwcen the <aptaiiis anil 
the gangH of lahorcrs on fchore, were fre<jucnt and 
sometimes scrloiii. Several men had been badly 
rnnrmed, eomc hud come within an ace of losing 
llteir liven. It was to nrbitnilfi in tho disjiuteS 
wliicli led 10 thcHo distiirbHn<c*, thai wo bail Itcen 
despatched to the field of operatiouii. Our oap- 
tnin's duly was no ninecuro, and by no means a 
pletmant one. 

Wc were eager to go on Klioro and survey the 
island and wiliie-in tho nielliod <"f Joiidins; iho 
gunno; iliescbooner's boats were [liercfore.^pced- 
ily lowered, and we rowed away toward the land- 
ing place. We had not, however, calculated 
the diHiculiica which were to be eurmoutitcd 
before our object wiis achieved. 1 have men- 
tioned the fact that the ialand was surrouniled 
with reefs. Tbero was no landing place that 
could with jinipiiety bo designnicd by tliat appcl- 
latiun. Only wlien the tide was very low— (mee, 
perhaps in three or fiinr days — could any one, by 
any possibility, land on tbo beach from a fcbip'x 
boat. The lir-it comers bud taken advantage of 
one of tlicso low tides, and then, at iho risk of 
ihcir lives, ctfecinl a landing. It was iinper- 
ftlivcly necessary, if tho project of loading the 
vessels with iho precious manure was not to bo 
ahaudoned, lo deviho some metliod by which 
boats could bo loaded al all hours of the day. 
To elfect Ihiw, long wharves, stretching out be- 
yond the reefs, bad been rudely coHslnicled with 
planks and timbers brought from Liverpool for 
the purpose. To support tlie planks, cross- 
pieccM of limber were placed beiween huge 
masses of rock and securely fastened. On tlicso 
tho planks rested, and thus the wharves wcvo 
stretched out, [jlanks resting upon the end of 
planks, uiiiil ilio necessary length of tho extem- 
poraneous wliaif was obtained. Chain cables 
nttacbtil to kedgc anchors, were fastened both to 
tho outer and inner terminations of t!ie wharves. 
When tho boats from tho vessels nearcd the shore, 
they waiclieil an opportunity until a swell of the 
sea lifted tlio boat high above the retf^, and sent 
it witii great velocity toward the beach. As it 
icaeiied the end of llio wharf, llie chain cablo was 
seized by ball u dozen hands, and the boat's jnog- 
rcss arrested, and then tho sailors clambered 
back handed up tbo cable, till they leaibcd the 
planks above. When all who desired hud dVected 
a landing by these means, tbo boat was shpved 
oil" and lay near l)y, \^.^i^^llg uiuil it was necessary 
for ihe men siill tm board to go through ii similar 
luaniuuvre, in order to receive tho crew on board 
again. Tbo boats whieli received ihe cargo lay 
in the like manner, fast by a rope to tho cable, 
and when the laliurcrs appeared at the end of the 
wharf with a heavy bag of guano on ibtir bucks, 
they were pulled in, as oppoiliiniiy oH'ered, be- 
neath tho stagtnij, and tho bag tumbled into the 
boat, which nguiu was allowed to swing otf, and 
again pulled iu when uccestary, until its loading 
was completed. As may reudily be jinagined, 
this was both a laborious and liuzurdou:! task, 
and in rougher weather than usual, many an ac- 
cident oceurred. Several boats were slaved in, 
and not a few lives lost. 

Guano, as it may be ncces.sary to inform some 
of my readers, is the excvement of ^■juwl tiud 
seals, and not the e.\cremcnt idone, but also tho 
decayed bodies. Itisofudaik eboculato color 
when fresh from tbo land, resembling pulverized, 
dark, clayey foil. It is extremely heavy, with 
an blmost iusnpporiubly pungent tiiid aromatic 
odor, and abuunding in ammonia. It iit, of 
course, iho accumulation of centuries, during 
which the seals and ica fowl have rested in their 
drear and desolate abodes, and lived nud died 
undisturbed by man. The method of obtaining 
it was by digging ou both sides uiid in ibe rear, 
10 tbo depth of six or eight feet, until a squaro 
mass of ihe like dimensions each way was ex- 
posed, when a rope was passed round it, and the 
combined forte of a dozen or twenty men wa-i 
exerted in iiulling the rope, until tbo mass fell 
with a crasli, scattering several tons of guano 



over the beach nl the bn^e. where it wiis shovelled 
into bags, homo on men's shoalders to the boats, 
carried on board the thijif, and emptied in bulk 
into Iho hold, being subsequently properly 
trimmed by Ihe crew. Ir was dirty and extreme- 
ly nfipleasant labor. Tho seals hod Ufc the 
island— seared away by the approach of man ; 
but the 8C8 fowl continued to make it their 
resort until not a ship's load of manure re- 
mained. {)f ihcEO birds, iho penguins were the 
most numciouB, and so stupid wore tlicy, that 
they would ofien >it gazing upon the operations of 
undermiuiiig that were giiing fonvard, until it 
was loosened and they artmilly came tumbling 
down with the mass. A body of seamen could 
at any limo march boldly into iho midst of a 
(l(»i k aTKl knock them down with slicks, killing 
a do/cn befui'o ibc re.st were active or sensible 
enough to attempt lo make iheir escape. Yet 
once in the water, and their nature seemed lo have 
undergone a compieic change. No sea bird is 
there more crafty or more active. It w-is their 
habit at night, when returning to their nests, or 
rather, holes in ibe guano, aficr a daj's busy 
fiahiiig, to assemble in line, an old patriarch of 
the tribe taking the lead, the grown male birds 
leading the van and bring ing Bp :he rear, and ihe 
females and the young birds occupying the cen- 
tre of the column. As they stand erect on their 
leg.*; to the height of full three feet, all with 
similar plumage, and all moving their Hippcrs 
like arms, they bear a clo50 resemblance, at a 
short distance, lo a body of Liliputian soldiers on 
a march. Their flesh is a mass of blubber, quite 
uneatable, but the sailors killed them in great 
numbers for the sake of the down, and for the 
coarse feathered but singularly mollled skins. 

Tliat seals of enormous size bad not only lat- 
terly, but for ages past, made tho isUnd iheir 
abode, was evident from ihe large skins that were 
found — as largo as those ol a moderately sized 
ox — lough and entire near the surface of tho 
guano, and almost rotten fdr beneath. We saw 
none living of this size while ibere, but very often 
individuals of a smaller species made their ap- 
pearance in the harbor, but they were loo wary 
to allow ns to approach them, or even to come 
within reach of guni>hot. 

In digging for the guano, which (I may ob- 
sievvo in parenthesis) was so exceedingly pun- 
gent and irritating to the eyes and nostrils and 
lungs of the laborers that they could not remain 
longer than a minute in the trenches without the 
blood pouring from their noses and mouths, and 
iheeveballs becoming of a fiery red color, the men 
found evidence of the landing of mariners at a 
distnntperiod. Ivnives, half eaten with rust, and 
jiewler platters and drinking-cujjs of ancient 
fasliion, were frequently found at the depth of 
twenty feet below tho surface. On one occasion 
a ([unnlity of dried herring bones — the herring is 
a fish unknown in these v/alei-s — were disinterred, 
and other evidence was discovered, that some 
unfortunate mariners — perhaps a century ago — 
bad landed and eaten a meal on this ioland ; per- 
haps these relics were the only vesligcs of some 
unfortunate, shipwrecked seaman, who bad died 
in this desolate region, and whose fiesh and bones 
had gone to add to the accumulation of guano ! 
On one Decision a diseovery was made which 
led to a general stampede from Ibe ships to the 
shore of all who could quit the vessels, so great 
was ihe curiosity manifested. A nntely con- 
slruclcd deal colhn Wits disinterred from ibe 
depth of full forty feet, the following inscription 
still legible on tnc lid : 

retc — — nndcrtrODj. 

Tinibcruiiinu, 
Ski]i V«ii Dtr — 
0- 17- 16- \ 

Ac 4—." 

Many of the lettei-s were entirely obliterated, 
but enough remained lo inform us that the Tira- 
bermann, or carpenter, whose name was I'eter — 
something, had died on board a Dutch vessel 
sometime during llie seventeenth century, and 
had been buried in the guano when ihu accumu- 
lation was much less than it was at the time 
when the discovery was made of its value as a 
feviilizing agent. 

Sometimes, to diversify the scene, and while 
away tho weary lime, parties would go a^hure on 
the mainland, though lliu landing was lucoin- 
panied with danger, and mote ihau uue boat's 
crew perished io the ailempt, while wo lay in liic 
harbor. Once landed, a sierile pros]>eet met iho 
view. Nothing hut sand, sand, stitching for 
weary miles iu every dirociionfiomseawajd. It 
was said thai green und K riile oases were lo be 
found scattered far apart, some miles in the inie- 
lior— the site of krailn of the llutteniots, who 



roamed from one oasis to another, as the means 
ofexiiilenre were consumed — what a miserable 
existence; and yet, doubtless, these niiserable 
specimens ol Iinmaniiy were patriotically ot- 
taebed to llieif imiive sod, and considered it the 
happiest spot in the world. 

One day a jiarty of these llottcnlots, consist- 
ing of males, females and children, visited the 
coaiit, and were easily persuaded to come on 
board iho ships. They bad, doubtless, beard by 
some means, in tlieir distant abodes, of the ad- 
vent of tho white men lo their coast, and curios- 
ity, and perhaps the hope of gain, though they 
had nothing to dispose of, bad tempted them to 
visit the strangers. They wore a contenlcd, do- 
cile, timid race, meaning no harm and anticipat- 
ing none. Thus ihey wero readily induced to 
visit tho vessels, though, perchance, not ouo 
among them had seen a ship before. A single 
individual might have trusted himself, unarmed, 
amongst Ihem. I have always found ibul Imrm- 
Ics.i savages will fearlessly trust llicmselves 
among strangers, while fear and distrust are al- 
ways manifested by cruel and treacherous races. 

Our visitors were very small specimens of hu- 
manity, and the queerest looking ohjcets to ho 
found upon the earth's surface. The tallest 
among ihem diil not exceed five feet in hciglil. 
Their natural color appeared to be a dark olive, 
but their bodies were so completely incrustcd 
with dirt that they wore actually many shades 
darker; iheir hearts small and conical in shn))e, 
with receding forelieads and a crown that ap- 
proached to a peak ; their necks were remarkably 
smalt and scraggy, oven for their small heads, 
and iheir arms and leg* were skinuy and slender, 
vrhilo their bodies were large in proportion. A 
few scanty, undressed fox skins comprised their 
sole attire. The hair ou their heads — if hair it 
could be termed — stood in little woolly tufts, 
tightly rolled up, and, apparently, if it bad been 
unrolled, not exceeding half an inch in length. 
Their features were small, with the cxcepiiou of 
a large mouth—but not remarkably thick lips — 
well furnished with black teeth. The expression 
of their countenances was like thai of a grinning 
balloon's, and their language the oddest jargon 
ever utiered by human organs of speech ; resem- 
bling the clacking of a barn-yard fowl with u 
bad cold and alUictcd with hoarseness, calling 
her chickens together, more liian anything else I 
can ibink of. 

Tbcy gladly nud gratefully accepted of any- 
thing wo offered them. Articles of clothing 
worn to rags were received with manifesiaiiona 
of delight, and immediately donned. Scraps of 
fat pork were greedily e.aten, almost bolted, with- 
out undergoing the process of maslieaiion, rum 
was gulped down with manifest aviility, without 
dilution with water ; but there was no attempt 
made by any one, as is too often tho praciieo 
of savages, to appropriate to himself even 
the slightest article which was not given lo him, 
however much its possession was coveted. We 
made one among them, who ajipeared to exercise 
the authority of a chief, superlatively happy in 
the possession of a cast-olf marine uniform, wiiii 
worsted epaulets. The poor fellow danced and 
screamed in the excess of Ids delight, and after 
all had partaken of a feast of biscuit, meat and 
rum, such as, perhaps, tbey had never before en- 
joyed, wo put them ftshure, some of ns going with 
them 10 look at ibe temporary accommodations 
ihey had provided for ihemselvcs. These con- 
sisted of nothing more than a bole scooped out 
in tho sand— the sand thus procured being banked 
uj) lo windward, so as lo protect ihem Irom tho 
chill blasts— ond a tire of drud seaweed kindled 
ia front. There tliey laid at night on ihe bare 
sand, ouly covered from the weather with the 
scanty skins which composed their attire during 
the day. They remained a week ou the coast, 
during which period we became excellent friends, 
and they left us loaded with, to them, valuable 
presents, though to us they were articles that 
were |icrfeclly useless. 

We remained at this dreary place six weary 
weeks, during which period our captain nettled 
many diUciences, liis word being uncbungeablo, 
like the laws of the Mcdes and Persians, and he 
also fiamtil a code of retaliations for the future 
government of ihe community, to wbieli all sul>- 
bequent traders wcro bound to conform. Tho 
authority was vested in live captains, who met at 
» eouucd board. Those were elected by ibeir 
peers, and anolber election nmdo when ihe de- 
parture of any ono of ibo board rendered sucb o 
proceedii'g ueecsaary. 

A lew dnjs before we kft llic island an awful 
shipwreck ovcurrcd, lliougli not a breath of wind 



BALLOU^S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM CX)MPANION. 



71 



was blowing Rt the time. A br-e ship of seven 
hnn-^rcii tone set sail witli n full cargo of guano. 
The winJ, such fts it wius died ftway just as sho 
reached llic retf which served ns a brciikwutor to 
jl,^ continuous swell t-f the Atlamir. and rendered 
iho harbor comparatively smooth, or a landing 
woiiid have bean impossiblu at any liino. The 
uofyriuiiate vessel drifted with tlic swell on to a 
reef o" t''^ mainland, exjiostd to the full sweep 
of Iho vast Athmiic ocean. The crew got on: 
the bouts and aitempled to tow the ship out of 
(lancer, but without the slightc'St avail. As soon 
lis her perilous position was noted hy the vessels 
in the harbor, a seore of well manned honts were 
iJespatohed to the rescue, but she was fast ou the 
reef on her broadside, with the sea brcnkinf,' over 
her ranstbeads, bcfure the foremost boat reached 
the spot. To save the crew was hopeless. 
Kvory man on board peri^bod, and before night 
not a vestiye of the gallant ship, except a fow 
broken spurs and timbers, was to be seen. The 
boats sent to the rescue wore exposed to immi- 
nent danger. The crews, who pulled willi nil 
their mi"ht, could searcely keep clear of the reefs, 
so heavy was the swell of tlic .sea. Two boats — 
one belonging lo an Knglish b.ir(iue, the other to 
an American ship, the only one in tbo harbor — 
ivhoso crow.^, aciuiited by feelings of humanity, 
had op|iroaebed too near tlio doomed ship, in the 
hope of saving some of the crew, were driven on 
to tlie reef, and the unfortunate though gnlhmi 
men on board were lost in their vain efforts lo 
help ibeir fi; I low-creatures in distress. It was a 
sad heart-rending sight to watch the vessel go to 
pieces ; to know that, one liy one, the ci-ew were 
perishing, alter having overcome the perils of the 
loading, and but an hour ago Hushed with hope 
at the idea of soon being at home once more, 
without being eible to afiord them the sliyhtcsi 
assistance. It taught a lesson, never to put to 
sea from tbc harbor unless a breeze wore blowing 
of force sullicient to allow the vesj-el to be kept 
under proper guidance. 

Although the island of Ichaboo lies but very 
few degrees lo the southward of the tropic of 
Capricorn, the eliniate, during the early morning 
and afier sunset, is chilly and disagreeable, and 
it is never warm, even during the day, when 
the sun is shining brightly. Days luid duys oc- 
cur when the swell sets in from seaward with 
such violence as to render communication be 
iween the ships and the shore impossible. On 
such occasioas the laborers on slioro, each gang 
having a foreman appointed from among them- 
selves, and a male tVom the ships by which they 
are hired, to act as a chief, pursue their labors as 
nsnal, provisions enough being kept on shore, in 
anticipation of such occurrences, and when again 
the boats are enabled to load, the accamuluted 
bags are tumbled on board quickly. The har- 
bor is a place of dangerous anchorage on these oc- 
casions. Ships are constantly drifting and get- 
ting atbwart-hawse of each other, and the watch 
aod the labor of the ship's crews is ineessant, 
night and day. 

When we stood out to sea and obtained a fair 
view of the island, we were a^louished at the vast 
diflcrenco in it^s appearance since wo first sighted 
it, BO great had been the quantity of guano re- 
moved during the six weeks. In less than lour 
months afterward, we heiud it was reduced to a 
level sand-bank — not a particle of the manure to 
be seen on its suiface. 

Three weeks of fmo weather, with a tolerably 
fine breeze, bore us buck to our old cruising 
ground, greatly to our delight, much and sorely 
as we had grumbled in former days, at the dis- 
comforts of the ttation. 

QLUlSlIliLJjD. 

Daniel Webaler's lute resi.leace lies about 
twelve miles up the const, next to Boston from 
I'lynioulh. As all men know, it is called Marsli- 
lield. Ii was formerly culled Thomas' Farm, 
containing some thousands of acres. The man- 
sion house is a plain, what is called gambreled 
budding, and in many of its details remains as its 
great masicr lefc it. Here is his tine library, 
with Wis books and piclures as he had them ar- 
ranged when he died. Hero also is bis hunting- 
room, with his fishing tackle and his sea clothes, 
old slouched hat, and his sailors' boots and 
jacket, li is told how he delighted lo go aione 
on the great deep and hold converse with wind 
and wave, and talk with the lliundcrs as if they 
were his elder brothers. At Dartiiiotilh College, 
failing to obtain some coveted \>rue, he look 
the ordinary diploma, and tore it to j»ieccs. say- 
"ig to the srudents around him, "My industry 
may make rnc a great man, but ibis' mi.-orable 
parchment cannot." This was ibe t^-xt of wliieh 
his whole life was the sermou — Contsjxnuletice 



[Written for B»Uou'e PlclorUl.) 

The Foi'irotteu Briile of f Iiarles II. 

nr WtLLtAU D. OLIVKR. 



He who knows nothing, doubts nothing. 



A wide, rambling old house, at the Hague, is 
an object of an-hitecture often lound there ; bat 
must be studied well lo be appreciated. Its 
broail, bare staircases, its hulU with all soits of 
hide-and-seek corners ; its snug, low-browed 
room, full of m^wsivo old furniture. — large and 
airy, and well lighte i, but somehow exceedingly 
dull, especially ufier the dinner honrhad pasM;d ; 
all suggestive of the past, but weaving links with 
the present, all belong to Clenmorc. 

A broad plat of ground, bvid out Dutch fash- 
ion, with ha old-world plants and llowcrji, ar- 
ranged in trim parterres, just as they had been 
arranged fifty years before, and phmted round 
tbo wall witli dwarf trees, was in the height of 
its blossoming, and filled with bird* of every 
hue. 

A rare old place indeed : and when a wander- 
ing stranger came to its depth of shade, what 
wonder t!mt, having no home nor abiding place, 
and driven from the inheritance to which people 
denied his right, he was lain lo turn ajside from 
the weary path he had been travelling, and find 
rest in its summer shelter 1 

Gleninore was its faneiful name, and fair Lucy 
Walters its reigning qneon. A queen she might 
Well bo ; for the wanderer was Charles Smart, 
and ere he had been at Clenmorc a single month, 
there were love passages between the two, that 
told how dear were the twain to each other. 

Lucy Walters was of Welsh descent — beautiful 
and attractive, but uneilucaled. She dwelt at 
(Jlenmoro with a relative of her mother; and 
Mrs. Ashburnc, a woman of little understanding, 
encouraged the intimacy she should have for- 
bidden. 

The prince, madly tn love, and with the incon- 
sideratenciS of a youth barely ift cnly, was foolish 
enough to go through witli the furm of a mar- 
riage with [iretty Lucy Walters. Koolish ! be- 
cause no combination of eircumstances could 
ever make her a suitable wife for Charles Stuart ; 
and the mad passion whieh had prompted ihu 
ceremony was for an object utterly incapable of 
fixing his wandering mind. 

Lucy was a wife and a mother, but the husband 
and father was away, learning new lessons in love 
from the fair daughtcn* of France, while she sat, 
lonely and abandoned \)y him she loved and 
trusted, in the solitude of Glcnniorc. 

The first months of the Hestoralion had 
passed. Cliarles IL, seated on his throne, was 
the same easy, caieless being, as he had been 
while a wanderer on the continent. Among the 
most higlily favored inmates of the court, was a 
boy who had been trained in regal splendor — 
who bad, says Macaulay, " been invited to put on 
his hat in the presence chamber, while Howards 
and Seymours stood uncovered ; and who, when 
foreign princes died, had mourned for them in the 
long purple cloak which only royalty was per- 
mitted to wear," 

Titc boy's name v/jis Jitmes Crofts ; but this 
name was early merged in the title of Duke of 
Bucclcuch, v/hich he received on his marriage lo 
Anno Scott, the heiress of that noble house. 
From this time, the youth went on, gathering 
honors ihick as leaves in Vallarabrosa. Titles 
and dignities were )iouicd out in legftl profusion 
upon him, and he was not, at least, to be blamed, 
under all the circumstances that surrounded him, 
if he deemed hiniseif a truly royal prince. 

Others took up the tale, and people bt-lieved 
it; and the young Duke of Monmouth (his Kng- 
lish title) was praised, puresscd, almost wor- 
shipped. Kot as his father had been, — by 
mountain cottagers and serving men, the poor, 
the unlearned and the simple, who bowed iu 
reverence before the wanderer. 

Monmouth's popularity was among different 
people — courtiers who loved the glittering show 
in whicli he dwelt, and sought lo catch some 
portion of his r_fl«clcd greatness. These were 
his satelliies ; and to them the question of bis 
royal birth was rarely thought of— never doubted 
— and in connection with this undoubting con- 
viction, was no thought of the malerual relation 
of one like Lucy Walters. 

But in that far-ofl" l*id, where no tender mis- 
sive ever came to remind her of the wealth of 
youthful love whieh she had wasted upon one 
who was careless of ibo boon, Lucy Walters 
pined away the weary, weary days. Time was, 
when the wandering prince had promised she 
should slmrc the throne ^vliich then seemed afar 



off" and distant. Time wa.*, when tbo only 

tbruno she eovci»il was his loving heart ; and 

when Mrs. A»hburno begged her lo demand her 

rights, she would meekly declare thai sho had no 

will but his wliom sh« loved. lUt love T-ould 

have been like the Italian girl's— 

The Mm* 
In httihtid dt-rptiir. In open *li«mc. 
Shtt would hitn rather boon a utaro, 

lo UMin, 111 bcinilh)^. by lita ulUij 
TUnli Kh-iTCd Iu aU, l[ wuuliuK lilni. 

Ttitu worU ItaJ ("^hit to gim Initio V 

Still when a dim whisper camo lo her from 
the court of Charles II.. and she hear.1 of the 
gay daring of the son — the king's Bon — Aw soil, 
a wild longing to prvsent herself to their eye* 
would couie stealing over her, ui*d ohe woubl re- 
solve to dan: all ior love. 

One treasure sho had prosorvod like her lifo. 
It was the couiractof her luarriago withChailcs 
Stuart. An ebony box thai held il, was her 
companion by night aud day. Cla:*pcd lo her 
bosom while sho slept, sho woke to gaze upon ilio 
treasured words, as if to ussuie herself ihiu it 
was not all a dreaiu ; as if lo bring hack those 
blissful days, when, clinging fondly to his side, 
sho walked with Charles ihrougli ilio old fash- 
ioned garden, or sat by him in the long, wide 
gallery, unwitting of ihe fulure, and curing noth- 
ing for the queenly dignity with which the boy 
prince was promising to invest her. Now, that 
a f.iint nturniur came to her ear of another love, 
another queen, uU the disappointed and long 
desolated heart rose uji in arms against the bitter 
wrong. Life was growing weary, and the woinau- 
heart was waxing dcspcrale. 

One night when the Duke of Monmouth, in 
the ])loniiudo of lits popularity, had ariivcd iu 
London at the hour of midnight, the city wtvs 
ringing with the event. Bonfires and illumina- 
tions, and the peal of bells, were only a part of 
the dcmonslralions, and Monmouth received 
them as his due— as due to Wis royalty — to the 
rightful heir to the British throne. 

Among the crowd, whoso sea of eager and 
upturned faces expressed ull that ihu most de- 
vot,d loyalty couhl speak, was a woman's earne»t 
face ; its gaze fi.Kcd upon one object, iqiparcnily 
regardless of ull othei^s. When the crowd swayed 
from side to side, in their noisy adulation, she 
alone stood firm and immovable. The glance 
of those eager eyes, clear, piercing and deeply 
searching, never wavered ; and jot, hud one been 
quite near her, ho might have seen that lliey were 
full of crushed Icais, She caught hold of a 
railing to keep herself from falling, when sho 
was quilo near the object of all tlds adulation ; 
and then her eyes iigain scanned him deeply. It 
was too much for her strent;tlj, iijiparenlly, for 
she fell heavily to the ground. Monmouth, with 
that attention to the ]>oor and unfortunate which 
was the secret of hi* popularity, fttepped towards 
her, and, with his sword, kept back the populace 
from trampling on her. 

He raised her in his own arms, and bore her 
to a door step ne.ir. His breath was on her 
cheek, his voice in her ear, tenderly inquiring if 
sho was hurt. His tones were soft and respect- 
ful, and penetrated tSe heart of the listener. 

Sho revived under tbo gcntla touch, and sud- 
denly threw her arms about his neck. 

"My Jamie! my own Jamie!" burst from 
her lips, "my darling! look at me ! I am the 
mother of Jamie Crolis." 

And as if that name woke up all the lingering 
tenderness of a mother'* fondest love, she kissed 
the proud clieek over and over again. 

" Hush ! my good woman. Let mo take you 
away fiom this excitement. Yon are confused 
by the crowd." 

" No, no 1 You are my son, aud I will never 
again leave you," 

Monmouth pithjd llic poor insane womitn, as 
he lliouglit her ; but he had no time to lose with 
a maniac, when the populace were loudly calling 
for him lo appear ; aud he commitlcd her lo the 
care of a person whom he instructed to treat her 
tenderly. In a moment hlio drew out the little 
ebony box from her bosom, and placed it in hu 
hand. 

" Head it!" 6hc said, in a tone such as one 
would use in pleading for a life. " Itcad it, and 
then you will not east me oil' so lightly." 

Monmouth opened it and read. It wai the 
marriage ccriilcatc of Charles Edward Stuart 
and Lucy Walters, 

" And you are ." 

lie was not answered, for tho woman had 
fdUen down in a fainting fit, that, for hours, 
Eeenicd like death itself. 

When she awoke, it was far past dawn. She 
lay on a couch in a superb room, surrounded by 



all the appliance* of Inxury ; but what wcro 
the*o to thai yearning heart ? Mi-nmouth him- 
self watched her alone. He drew near the ecu. h 
when bo saw that Khe had recovered, and prc.«.>- 
ing into her hand the ebony box, he tuUl her, 
gently and tenderly, all that bad happened ftince 
this poor, innufiicieut contract bad been lying in 
her bosom, "ftk sweet temper and Itencvolent 
heart of Monmouth would not permit him to 
(i'eat her otherwise, although hi« pride r:belled 
against owning her publicly h« bit mother. 

I will go back, niy son," she said, weeping 
— ami iho^e tears atone saved her lilo and reason ; 
'• I will go back to the Bolilury tidusc at the 
Hague, and bury all my h»iie< and all my sor- 
rows there, if I ean, I am a poor, weak, simple 
wouiftn— unable to comprehend w!»y this contract 
should bo broken. But one thing I kimw : if 
Charles Stuart was not my husband, yon uiv i\iv 
*ou— i»y own iHMUtil'ul, iind they lell nm jtiu 
are the beautiful and welt beloved. Answer inc. 
Ami not your moiher?" 

" Before Ood. I believe you are, hut ■ ■■" 
" I see, I Me! Tliere tun be no true bond, 
you would say. between us ! 0. that your faiher 
had been hut n jioor goatherd on niy native 
Wcl:ih mouijlains ! Then I could have owned 
my son, and he would not have been ashamed ot 
me." 

" Mother, dear mutb<>r ! " 

" O, lhat^ound ! How my soul ha* Ik'ch ibiiX- 
ing for years lo hear it!" 

" And you */»(// hear III But think, denrcst 
mother, this is not the place for you, who have 
lived so quietly. Uetnrn, as you proposed, and 
remember, I will do all that a son may do, iu 
my case. I will visit yon always, when poBsihIe, 
and ever think of \on with love and sympathy," 

" Kiss me, James. Let mc bo near you for 
one day more, and then I go lo await the fulfil- 
ment of your promise." 

" Mother, I swear to fulfil it !" And he did. 

A few days nfierwards, a huly, richly clad, was 
borne on board a ship, and attended by the Duku 
of Monmouth and liis wife, tho lieircsH of the 
nttble house of Hiiccleuch, who.^o relative and 
fricnil she was ^aid to bo. There was nn nlluc- 
tionale parting ; the lady bestowing weeping 
cureBses, that were warmly returned. 

For years, the old hou>e at the Hague was the 
scene of the promised visit.-i, but English ground 
never again was trodden by tlie footsteps of Lu' y 
Wallers. 



The origin of wealth is in a moral feeling— 
NCU'denial, "Hero is something 1 will eonr<umo 
or throw away — I will take care of it, ntoro it up 
for the future use of myself or otliern." Thu 
man who tirst said and acted thus laid the foun- 
dation of a viilue upon earlb. 'i'hu ravings of 
each man are a dillusive blessing to all, mid 
thercfoi'u, so far, frugality ia a thing whicli all 
may mul ought to applaud. — I'hiltuUljihia Eer- 
II ill'/ Juiii niU. 



It VMOl \S l»ULL.\K MONTHLY. 

The Cheapest Magazine in tho World. 

CONTENTS VOV. VKKKUAKY. 

CiTif SriiiBT Cu.iiiAt-Tr.ns, illuKlralcU.— Ttiu Newtboj— 
Tim lxin<it};» llnj— I'lit- Hood-Jkurji-r — Tlio Oneun- 
CirlndiT— llic (;iitirt(wl Vuuavr— Till! tloK I'lfktr— Tbo 
L'nmly Woiimu— TIil- Applo Olrl— I'ln; Cliildtm of Ibe 
Poor— Ttio l)o.tC J,«>ri't— il^ Lu'lniKn— Kii)li(n>nt4. 

Tub IIlisu Uikl"» Uovi limily A. D'umtt. 

Ifiuuur OcKJiN ICatvni Linojnb. 

My Lacy h DatAU Kalt Ktilli. 

A.sMt Fat tHizii 1''. MonaiH/. 

Tua Old Max e- War's M*k J. Alfoni. 

A Leokmi Wliiit Moutiti'in Lill<*- 

War 1 ^tvllR Maukiid Lixttt CampbtU. 

Tui LovKO-— Till Lost A. L. StanUy. 

Maki or Mo.%Tuo)(UiiBIK .....Jafb Urate. 

Tint tiirr [ Auk Ijiey A lUtdmaii. 

Tub Ulackhmitii of Oovu f!iiliiins» II. BaiUiu. 

TiiK Minfji H Siuar Mm M a. Dtniiutt. 

A SaAI'OW Adtiaiiit Anm Piaclvr. 

Tut I'EASAM OW BurruM AtUe C Btntot\. 

JEutSALUI.... M liitJiard Wnghl. 

Ouvi Mfiri/ A. iMii'fU. 

Tai 8ruLt!i DAi;iiiiTKa o? Hah Mahco. .Mary W. Jnnvrin. 

TiiR Ataus-Stiwck Waitku Willium O. E/ilon. 

1 1)HM« OK T»M Anna M. Ihtet. 

Tun Vou^tl Uim-iua. Capt. Jamis F. AUom 

TtiK CiioiCB I tttnuVa. 

Al-f* VaiLiv WtUiam U- Oltvri. 

Woomx Lrci .V<</ Andtttvn. 

TiiK 8ox« Of 8ama ClaUs /W V/anltirorih. 

\Vit,UM>i JoiiSKO-i's Uluiii JliAert L. Uunis. 

i;i.iM, IlKSTiK M". Ada Pritfoll. 

Tile Kwiumt— CiiRioes MattkAs— Tiis Uoi/bewipp. 

KunoiL H r*iii.K-— Uo^pltul* lo I/>rnton— Tlie AiDoricau 
Ti!u Jilnnl— A Wortliy Bop.loa Kolion— A Laige OnUn 
tlarki't - Ttie 0^ulii|$ ot Jnpan— An Attack on Uonvml 
JiirkHdi— Tlif UliluM«< ^»g&t Ciinc— ItutjluB I'rogr^n 
—An KartliiiuukL' In b UIdo. 

FolllilON MlsfitLLANI— ItKOiD or Till TlHt.*— MEHaT: 

MAKinii-fictcEx* taOK o«tt Mdsiuk— (Uumorouji 
lllu-tiutiuna.) 

BtLUiU S Dollar MoNiriLt inu)- al«B;* bf found for 
i-iilfiit all the [HTlo'llcal il«pi>lf, for t.a mils \>Vt tiltpJo 
Diiiubvr. Uul tlie way lo oltiilii 11 "l <li>' *"rtnU ii 0- 
nicul iiflor publktttioo. U to enclowr on< doUar Hunt 
adaf.'X, iinJ btoiinj ii ic-gulur »iibscill*r. Ic will bo 
K-Ql Ui you by n t^ri. >.t lunll. mid )OU »Ul bx mirpiiKca 
to n-e tiow u>o< li di'liiclit >» ''■■'"ll 11 >uui Will bring to 
yourliuuif ciwle tarn wliolc ytstr. 

ft"?" I'n-seot clrcuUtlon, 1 ia,(X)0 copies! 

^ M. M UA1.L0U, PuUuAn. 

No. 22 U li.tfrStrtet. Boston, 3!««a. 



72 




SLEIGHma IN IIAYMARKET SQUARE, BOSTON. 



SLEItiHlND IN AND OUT OF TOM'N. 

The sliiidedt nnd sobcrcist people in croation 
bavo [lieir moments of cxcilomenl ; iho uravcsl 
men will pcqjotrate jokee on nn ocrosioii, ami 
ttio mooilieNt of poets somctimoR write tiio funni- 
est of verses. Our pood people are provcrl>ial 
for long fiiocs. Wo liave been pibcrt at hy for- 
eigners for our excessive gravilv. Tlity say wo 
go through a eontra dance as If wo were doing 

fiennnce ; and tliat a wudding wilh us is so mueli 
ike a funeral, tliat there is no fun in it. Some- 
thing of trutli tliere is in these asBcrtions. If we 
have survived the Puritan's horror of all sorts of 
merry-making, if wo have balls, theatres, operas, 
pic-nic8, and various junketing festiviliefi, the 
fcrefiithers have stamped their stern expression 
on many of the countenances of their descend- 
ants. Uut that this rigidity never thaws is un- 
true ; and at no season is it more completely 
relaxed than in our great northern Carnival — 
slotghing-timo, No matter what tlic weather 
may be — even if. as lately, tlio mercury tumbles 
down to eighteen degrees helnw zero, there ivili 
always bo plenty of people lo man and woman 



iho cutters, pungs, big sleighs, stage sleighs, and 
every i raft that goen on runners. A full of snow 
mnds the bluod ol BosIoniaiiK dancing tljrough 
every vein, and breeds a fever in the blood of 
age. Old and j-onng piirlieipatc in the genial 
excitement which defies the blasts of winter, 
and extorts enjoyment onl of the very severity 
of the climate. The last fall of snow set every- 
body in and about Boston wild. The croakers 
had begun to predict that the winter would f^nss 
without the usual sports of the road ; but their 

{irophccics wore sot at naught quite as early as wo 
lad a right lo expect. Our arlisi, Mr. Homer, 
has faithfully executed the commis^iion we gave 
him to furnish us with two original pictures rep- 
resenting scenes in sleighing time, and the result 
is before us. The first sketcl!, and a very spir- 
ited one it is, was made in Haymarket Square, 
and shows ua life on Iho snow in that busy local- 
ily. The teamsters have caught tlic infection, 
and are crowding their big horses as close up to 
2.40 as that stj le of horse-flcsli permits. Seated 
on the extremity of the stout plank bniced in the 
bars of their sleds, tliey are absolutely racing, in 



violation of the ordinances of the city fathers. 
The jolly follow wilh a pung load of pigs is 
coming through the Rquare at a terrific rate, the 
betting of the outsiders being in his favor, while 
the drivers of the wood sleds are makiiig' them 
fairly fly over the icy surlace,to the horror of the 
policeman on tho side, who, as ho witnesses the 
illegal sport, vainly seeks to arrest the arrowy 
flight of tho offenders, and is quite unable to 
" spot " or identify them. The second picture is 
no less exciting, ihongh it gives us a diflercnt 
stylo of merry-makers. The locality will bo 
readily recognized as the square in front of the 
great Cattle Fair Hotel in Brighton, which, with 
its extensive outbuildings, is delineated in tho 
distance. The horses m the sleiglis in front arc 
making the snow fly at a tremendous rale, being 
good ones to go and well handled. We can al- 
most hear the "tintinnabulation of the bells — 
bells — hells," as Poc flings, and tho merry laugh- 
ter ringing a musical accompaniment" of the 
sleighcrs. The Cattle Fair Hotel is a grand 
rendezvous in Bleighing time. The extensive 
Bheds and stnblcs, and the square, are sometimes 



completely filled with sleighs, while tho owners 
and lessees are within, enjoying ihosesuppers for 
which the hotel is so far-famed. Tho road, either 
over the Milldam, or through lioxbury and 
Brookline, is always a favorite drive when tho 
ground is in good condition. The scene, even 
in winter, is varied and pleasing, and the dis- 
tance about right to traverse with a fast horse, 
without getting absolutely congealed in perform- 
ing. From Brighton home to Boston, the route 
is usually through Cambridge, with another halt 
at Porter's, known to every one who ever drew a 
rein over a horse, and quite as famous as Let 
Snedeker on Long Island, The entire route we 
have sketched, on a pleasant aj'iernoon is alive 
with sleighs, keeping up a perpetual jingle, with 
frequent dashes for tho lead. The rush down 
the bill into tho square is like the straggle at the 
"finish " on the Long Island course. It U all 
wild but good hnmored excitement, and a defeat 
in a brush is borne with perfect equanimity. It 
seems to be an established law of the road "there, 
barring the occurrence of foul driving, thdt no 
one shall lose his temper in sleighing time. 




BLEIGHING ON TIIE ROAD, BRIGHTON, NEAR BOSTON. 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



73 



„,88ACHlSFrrS HOSPITAL. 

The accomp«Qying view of the 
Misflchusom General Hosp.U.1, 
„ <it Boston, dmwn 

n<m.vcd bv Marsh, from a 
iSX^Vhipnlc.^ Black, 
r ,S on ft lot of four acres on 
rrnirof.heChar,osRU-er 
It the west part of the city. It 
was incorporated ^ l^" " 
le of the noblest, best-endowed 
beet-furoished institutions ol 
So kind in the United States 
This mntrnificent structure is built 
of Chelmsford Rmnite. and is 274 
?L in leng"^ V 54 m breadth. 
L^ih a portico in front ot eight 
fonic columns. Unlike many of 
OUT beautiful pubhc buildings, 
which an: «o crowded by others as 
nresent no satisfactory point of 
view the hospital may bo seen 
from'ft gf^at nmnv points, and al- 
ways appears to advantage. Con- 
nected with the boildint' m the 
rear is ft kitchen and laundry of 
the most approved construction. 
The whole interior is arranged 
according to the most perfect sya- 
lom, and nothing can exceed tho 
perfect neatness and cleanlinesB 
visible throughout. Wealthy in- 
vahds frequently resort to it, pay- 
i n g for the accommodations 
appropriated to such patients, be- 
cause they can bo better cared for 
hero than in their own homes. 
Tho grounds are decorated with 
ornamental trees and shrubs, and 
laid out in gravel walks for those 
patients who are able to take out- 
door exercise. The medical staff 
embraces the first siirgeons and 
physicians of tho city. This in- 
stitution has found many munifi- 
cent friends and patrons in Massachnsotts, and 
has a very large and increasing cjipilal, which 
has cstabliehed it on tho firmest basis, 

SCENE IN THE "CORSICAN BROTHERS." 

The dramatic tahlcAU on this page was drawn 
Tor ua 1)V Mr. CliEmpnej, and represents tho fa- 
mous duel scene in the last act of the " Corsican 
Brothers," as performed at the Boston Theatre. 
The twin brothers, Fabien and Oscar dei Franebi, 
arc admirably presented by Mr. E. L. Daven- 
prirt, and the Chevalier de Chateau-Rcnaud by 
Mr. E. Adams. Between these two a fatal duel 
with small swords forms the catastrophe of the 
drama, At the Boston Theatre this combat is 
one of the most exciting passages in the piece, 
Mr. Davenport and his antagonist exhibiting 
tuch splendid swordsmansliip that the spectators 
are affected, and sit breathless as if witnesses of 
an actual duel a VoutraiWf. Mr. Barry has 
lirought out tho play in the most splendid and 
complete manner, the unrivalled capacities of his 
stage affording tho amplest opportunity for the 




MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL, M'LEAN STREET, BOSTON, MASS. 



display of scenery and decorations. The Hall 
in tho Corsican Chateau, the interior of the 
Opera House, Paris, during a masquerade ball 
in Carnival time, the Glade in tho Forest of 
Fontaincbleau, are marvels of scenic art, and, 
thetableaux grouped in connection with ihcin, are 
remarkably effective. Tho play is founded on 
one of the most ingenious stories of that most 
iugenions of story-tellers, Alex. Dumas, senior. 
Nothing exhibits his skill more strikingly than 
the success with which he has employed super- 
natural machinery in tho development of a story 
of modem times. Nearly all sudi attempts on 
the part of writers so eminent even as Sir Walter 
Scott, have proved failures, but Dumas has suc- 
ceeded in mulcing us accept the impossible as 
probable. The leading characters are two 
twin brothers, Corsicaiis, who are born connected 
in the same in.mner as the Siamese twins, Tho 
ligature which unites them is separated by excis- 
ion, but tho most complete moral sympathy con- 
tinues to unite them. So intimate is this strange 
sympathy that, though a thousand leagues sepa- 



rate them, one is always conscious of every 
important ovont that is occurring to the other. 
This is made miinircst to tho audience by tho 
opening of tho "flat" at tho extremity of the 
stage, and tho presentation of a scries of dra- 
matic tableaux. Both of the hrothi^rs fall in 
love with a lady who visits Corsica, hut Fabien 
dei Franchi suppresses his pa.ision in favor of 
his brother Oscar, and tho latter loaves Corsica 
for Paris, ostensibly to pursue liis Htudies, hut 
really to follow np his suit. In Paris he is in- 
volved in ft series of adventures, and drawn into 
a quarrel with the Chevalier de CItateau-Uenaud, 
tho villain of the piece, who fights him and kills 
him in tho forest of Fontainehlcau. All this is 
distinctly pictured to the vision of the other 
brother, Fabien, in Corsica, and he inBtantly re- 
pairs to Franco, with all possible speed, to avenge 
his brother's death. He encounters Chateau Re- 
naud on the very sjiot where (.)scar has fallen, 
and forces him to a duel — tho encounter alluded 
to above. After fighting a long while, tho com- 
batants being pretty well matched, Chatoau-Ito- 



naud's sword hrtialcN, and Do Momy, ono nf tho 
seconds, rushes forward, exchdmiitg, "(Jcnllo- 
men, this duol carcio' proceed. The sword of 
Monsieur do Chateau-Uenaud is broken — tho 
arms are no longer equal." Fabien replies, 
" You arc miHtakcu, Kir," and hreakH hiit own 
sword across his knee. "Now," ho eoutinuoii, 
" they arc equal. Take up your weapon, sir, and 
coiiiiuue." " What t" exchttins De Moray, 
" implacable V " A» (Ifsiiuy — diulh," replies 
Fabien dei Franchi. Tho seconds then nind 
the broken blades to tho combatant's hands, dur- 
ing which Cbateau-Reiiaud sayw, " Do Momy, I 
shiiU bo killed. In a week's lime write In my 
mother — tell her I had a fall from i\ hnrso, In n 
furtni;>ht after write to her that 1 am dead. 
Were she to learn tlio fatal news suddenlv, it 
would kill hor." " There is yet hope," saiii Do 
Momy. " None — none," replies Chaieau-Iti'- 
naud. " Dfxtini/ is with this man. Now, sir," ho 
adds, turning to Fabien, " when you are ready." 
" I um always ready," is tho reply. The comliat 
ronewod, Fntiitin slays liis brothor's murdurcr. 





74 



[Written for Dnllou'R Plotorlitl ] 

ni i; s I » ^ 

ST DEATHIOt nURNRT. 

Ooe barnlngxmp of sftpphlre Ifglit 
Can luro my thougUts lutrtj- ; 

Oue sUr Mmt dL-cki tli') brow of alitbt 
Cua wnkt my wlti Uar^i'Ji play. 

One fltntn, one gentle low bfpitthoil strain, 
Can bi.'Jir my eh^rmeJ llio'iehU Uviiev, 

Oao (jinnee inon' thnn the loUiJlliL'iii'J cliuin 
Of Kojllke tloiiucnet'. 

One *tn.-ftin that wanton* on IM wfty, 

'iSlM grvM, nnd Itmku. and ftin, 
lliifli on IiMplruJ my rustic lay, 
And filled nlCh form* tlio gh-a. 

And «un, and at&r*, And burning «traln, 

And eyes of de'ttlilen* llgUt, 
And slrL-aniN' tweet uielojy, linve all 

A ptiru Cidt)loi.i dullght. 

Word* oft niiiy aeom a jaoc)my, 

Vflu'tt piu«l(in Until control ; 
Hut uuturo'a silvnl rolccn speak 
' Unto the Mjorut foui. 



[Written for Ballou'f Plutortnl.} 

INDIAN REVENUE. 

UY MRS. MAHV A. DBXISOK. 

" O, I do doto HO on Indian!) i" 
So sitid II tiiiiHical liulo voice, as Mha Miir- 
gory Traiy lookod ovur u Look of beimliful 
cngrnvinys. 

"So whntJ" cxcluiincd b silvery headed old 
miin who sat iu no oasy-chair Uy the winter's Are. 

" Dole on ladiiuts, dear (^riiiulj)n ; tlicy look 
60 tioMe licro in their richly colored rol)u», thuir 
furs and ilieir fumliera." 

" Noble ! iho blood thirdly a-Uds !" said tho 
old man, holdinj; out one nrni as ho spoke and 
Btnkin); it with tho olhcr, " tlnit and this and 
cvory purt of my body, id fact, is scarred by 
those iiirci'oal doys. Why, look hero, eliild," 
and lie drew the white locks from hiM amplu forc- 
licad, " SCO tho marks of their Bcaljiinj; knives ; 
they lefc mo for dead onco, and came near hav- 
infj thosi! Iiiiirj han^jing at their aceui'sed giidloa." 

" Why, i;r;tndpa t" exclaimed Margery, driiw- 
ing up to tho old man, " \6 it postiiblo that great 
while mark was made hy an Indiun bnivo ;" 

" An Indian coward '." cried tlic veteran, eon- 
temptuously. "Talk tihoiit their bravery, tho 
Btuhhorn inborn devils, tln;y don't know what it 
moanti. The i'oura;,'e of a beast U all thcjliave. 
My piuiencc, girl, if yon had seen mucli of tho 
Indians as 1 have, you'd never take those 
creatures of the painter'n imagination lo ho the 
simoQ-puru savage. No, no, ihere's adill'orenco. 
My child, I'll tell you a story that will cure you 
of doting on Indians. When I was a young 
man I hud many a bout with the ' children of the 
forest,' iLi your poets mil them. Now there was 
never aiiy jiuetry in your old grandfather, Mag- 
gie, little one, I never i-ould see anything beau- 
tiful iii their hidenus, painted faces, and lo tell 
the truth, tlicy killed my only brother, aud I 
hated the whole race. 

" We hud had a long spell of peace nnd had 
become tired of our cuhiiiM upon Boone '^ staliou. 
It was too ea.'^y a life for youiit; fellows, simply 
gunning, fishing, sleeping and eating. We 
weren't like tho mnstachioeil gentry of tho pres- 
ent day — even like the one who came to seo 
you last night, little child, though ho is a better 
specimen than some. We couldn't dress up in 
those days and take little bits of paper in our 
bands and go call upon the pretty ladies and 
show oiT our teeth and our broadcloth the host 
part of the day. We wore rough men in our 
huniing-froeks, who thought a good-siKod deer 
none too heavy to throw over our shoulders after 
wo had run him down, and lo whom other dears 
were as fabulous as mytlis. 

" But, as I tell you, we— there were four of 
us— had become tired of idlencs.i, and wwntod 
another bout with tho Indians. So, knowing 
that a party had stolen some horses, and that they 
hail taken ifieir way to Chilicothe, wo set out 
ufier them to try nnd rcgiiiu the booty they bud 
taken. We reached Chilicothe a few days after- 
ward, and fell in with a drove of horses feeding; 
in the rich prairie. Of these we secured six and 
started on our return. Before wo icaclic<l tho 
Ohio a storm cume up. The heavens grow black 
with clouds and tlie wind blew a perfect hurri- 
cane. What to do with the horses we could 
hardly tell. They had become UDmanageablo 
and were difKcult to control. The river was so 



swollen — it* wjives lailicd into fury — that wo 
dared n'>l vemuro to cro^s, and wo were fearful 
of being pursued. It was ncariug evening, and 
we coulil just (ind our way ba«k to the hill*, 
where, nficr lioblding our aniinaU, wo rornained 
during the night. It was nn awful night. The 
rain poured in torrenti, the lightning blazed from 
point to point, and the thunder seemed to criihh 
nnd break against the sides of the hilli. Wo 
were all cxpo.fctl lo the fury oJ the tempest. In 
the morning our clolhcH were wet and wo hnd 
only waved our powder Ity sleeping on it. The 
wind, however, had subsided, and we tried again 
to get our horscri over the other h'ltiv. It was in 
vain— the creatures resisted every ntlomjit, nnd 
we were driven to the ullerniiiive of losing onr 
lives or losing our horses. Of course wo chose 
the hitter, and selecting onch of us one of the 
best, wo made for tho fulls. 

"There was a haiidsomo young fellow with 
us, a Kentuckinn by birth, who llionghl we had 
scarcely had adventure enough, so he propo.ied 
to me lo let the reel go on, while ho and 1 cap- 
tured two Kplondid hays. Wo turned back, ac- 
cordingly, and came the first thing on a trail of 
revengeful Indians, who had uitduubicdly been 
seeking us from the first. My dear child, if you 
had seen them as they really were, their faces 
streaked with blu£k and yellow, their unianned 
hhinkeis, rough Icggins, and demoniac faces, you 
never would have doled on them. Willis, the 
Keiituekian, was Bome ways ahead of me, and 
by some unsuccessful manceuvre fell immedi- 
ately into their bunds. It was a direful sight to 
see them each drive with his heavy club at the 
head of the poor fellow, lie fell instantly, nnd 
they scalped him, throwing the fresh, bleeding 
skin over tbeir weapons and waving it in my 
sight. 

" I was on u splendid horse. They, loo, were 
mounted und had lleet uuininls, so they pursued 
me ut the lop of their speed. For u time I cs- 
capetl, only to fall into their barbarous hands, , 
however. Deceived by a voice I thought famil- 
iar, and the pronunciation of a word in English, 
Hollowed a trail, and lured on by the supposi- 
tion that I was on tho track of the friends from 
whom we had separated, and who might have 
come back to the rescue, I went cautiously fur- 
ward, but suddenly found myself among a party 
of Indians, who were so engaged that, I suppose, 
if I had had presence of mind, I might have es- 
caped, for I think they did not see ine. How- 
ever, thinking the hol<lest course would bo tho 
hcRt, I immediately fired at the foremost, und in 
another moment they were after me like a jiack 
of hounds. I look advantage of some fallen tim- 
ber, I tried to dodge them, and to liirfc among 
the underbrush, but their cunning defeated my 
pnrj)oses. They divided into two panics and 
rode along on cither side of the limber, beating it 
uji, diiving mo out at the opposite end, where 
stood an enormous savai;e with a lifted lom- 
ahawk. Just ixs ho was about to strike mo to the 
earth, however, another Indian equally powerful, 
lifted me as if I had been a feather, out of the 
way of the descending tomahawk. I was a pris- 
oner, and obliged to make the Deal of it — you 
may imagine what that best was." 

"O, grandfather!" cried Margery, "liow did 
you feel V 

" How did I feel ? fu>h, how could yoii feel 
with ten jabbering savages about you, each one 
looking as if ho could cat you without pepper or 
salt !" 

"It inust Inive been a trying moment," etiid 
Margery. 

" Not half as trying as what followed," re- 
plied tho old man, sliuking his white locks. 
" They muttered their outlandish gibberish in 
my face, making up hideous mouths expressive 
of their intense disgust of mo nnd my race. 
They shook tho scnlp of poor Willis against my 
very eycn, and I don't doubt wanted to serve 
mine in the same way. Then, leaving me help- 
lessly tied, they went out to catch the liorses. 
The difliculiy with which this feat was aceom- 
pliahed, made them wilder than everiu their rage 
against me. I saw them deliberate, and knew 
by their gestures, they were reserving me for 
some Icarlul doom. At liut n tall Indian went 
without the circle and succeeded in leading in 
one of the horses, a liery, vicious animal who had 
given me greiU trouble, nnd who, in his looks 
and movements, seemed almost demoniac. 
Close lo me they led him. I felt bis hot breath 
against my face, and more than once his lioof 
seemed about to crush my foot to atoms. 1 
thought that in some way they intended my death 
by that inonsiwms gray horse, and so they did, 



bill I had iiol calculated for iho cxlrcme cruelty 
of which ihoy are Ci>l'"'''*^- What wsts my hor- 
ror wlien I found thai ihey were going to bind 
mc on the animal, torture him, nnd set him free." 

" 0, graiidfalher I you arc a second Mnzeppn," 
tried Margery, listening meanwhile with inten;e 
interest. 

" A distinction for wliieh I paid cruelly," naid 
the old man, folding hiii arms and gazing into tho 
tire. 

" They then lifted me upon tho horse, he all 
tho while rearing, backing, snorting, und sealing 
mo with my face towards the tail, they lied my 
feet under him. This matle them great trouble, 
for the horse was almost unmanageable, but for 
every aiinoyanco he gave them they paid me in 
blows, oriilight wounds with their knives. They 
then drew a rope about my arms, drawing and 
lathing mc back on the animal, another round 
my neck, tieing that to the neck of the hor»c, 
from whence it wtis carried lo his t^iil, making it 
use the purpose of a crupper. In this way they 
secured me to the frantic boiist, nnd all the while 
the demons incarnate danced yelping and 
screaming aliout me, testifying their infernal de- 
light in the anticipated suUering that was to over- 
tidic me. They lashed the horse, not sparing 
me, shouted in his ears, thrust Uieir knives into 
him, und with shouts that sounded like thunder, 
turned him loose. The poor animal and the poor 
wretch upon him were da.-jhed into the tliiekest of 
the woods. The horse, feeling his unusual bur- 
den, and frantic to get rid of it, took his way 
among the tangled undergrowth, bruising mc at 
every step, throwing mo against projecting 
brunches, rearing, plunging, uttering the wildest 
cries of terror. I longed and prayed for death, 
I raved and scut up ray cries of anguish with his. 
Somelimcs I laid insensible, and then a dreadful 
blow would bring me to agonizing conseiousuess. 
I knew death would come at last, but O, the 
awful uncertainty, the sufl'eriag that permeated 
every bone, nerie, sinew. I can describe noth- 
ing like it. It is too dreadful to recall, loo 
Irightful to portray." 

The old man shuddered as he held his hand 
before his eyes oa if to shut out a feai'ful spec- 
tacle. The young girl shudd.:red too, and ten- 
deriy took liis free hiind in her own. 

" Well, the horse became at last exhausted. 
What prevented him from rolling on, and crush- 
ing me. Heaven only knows. Oue morning, the 
next but one after my capture, the animal 
emerged into a broad jjiairie. I was dying with 
hunger, sore in every inch of my body, longing 
only that death might i)Ut an end lo my sulJer- 
iiigs. I was only partly conscious, jusl alive and 
that was alt. I seemed to know that my breath 
was almost gone, and wished to inakenoefTort 
to ix'taiii it. Then there came a long silence — a 
great blank — .ind how many hours after I do not 
know, but I found myself lying on a made bed 
in a log hut, and an angel-faeed girl benJiug 
over mo. 

" ' He has opened bis eyes, mother,' wore the 
first words I heard, und then all was a blank 
again. It seems the sagacity of the horse had 
led him to the first dwelling-place after ho was 
thoroughly subdued. It proved to be the hab- 
itation of an American family. They treated me 
with the greatest cwi-e, the tcnderest consider- 
ation. It was months before I was well und 
completely cured of a longing lo encounter the 
Indians. I preferred after that a home of my 
own, and the blooming Margaret for my wile, 
who had taken such care of me." 

" So dear grandmotlier was that Margaret 1 " 
said Margery. 

"No, darling," and the voice took a tenderer 
tone, "ray first Margaret sleeps in a grave made 
out in the wild prairies. She only lived a year." 



KiiLL ^>■oRs^up. 

In Asia, Africa, and North America, water- 
sheds and sources ol btreams, in elevated situ- 
ations, have at all times been reverenced as 
saei-ed spots, and tho native tribes are wont to 
assemble at iliem for t!u-ir religious festivals. 
Thus also the itomans, and the original inlmb- 
iianis of Switzerland Inlore them, worshipped at 
the high springs of the Alps, on the Lockmaoier, 
porhups on the Benilrdine, and undoubtedly on 
the St. Goihurd, and on the Clrcat St. Bernard, 
where pillars and remains of temples may still be 
louiul. Two rude pillar.-i, whose origin is as vet 
unexplained, stmidiiig at a height of TtJOO leet.'oa 
the water-shed of the Julian I'ass, seem to point 
lo a yet earlier worship of ibe Deity. Christian 
chapels and ho.'^pices have been erected on tho 
site of these nncient temples; and tho modern 
inliabituntsof ihe monniaiu: not seldom celebrate 
their religious fesUvuls on the very same spot 
where ilieir I'ngan forefathers wornhipped. 
— Shi'.htS of'Xttliitf in the Alps. 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL 



HCATURn? M. BALLOIT, Editor and Proprietor. 

KHANCIS A. DUItlVAOE. Assisr.isT Epitor. 



TBftilS:— INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. 

Oue t'opy, one jpir S2 SO 

One copy, two jear* 40O 

Five cople". one year oq 

TwcItl- copk-Ji. one year (and 000 to tbe get(«r-up 

of tlir ctob) 2fl Oft 

\Cy~ One copv of Balmu'^ Pictohul. and onu copy of 
TUK Vlxq or eda U.tiox, togetUur, $3 50 per anuuiu. 



TO t'ORRESPOKDKNTS. 

A- S,. Itnnitor, My — Tlio cnvttunui you rcfrr tfi are now 
on cxiiiliitiriij (It Iloiton, bnl no FcleuUUc ciuiiii I nation 
of. or report on (hem lin» liecii mnde, U'e liitve no hu- 
tltentlc iici'uunt of tbvra. Au lutcltigent geuitcmnn 
will ))iut lived Id tlio KiRt Indtii', uod nvi^r^ bnvli.K 
mon ^imlliir monstrosities iu Calcutta, (old a friend of 
oiiri< tlitit be tjulit'ci'd tbi'm lo be tiemi-liULnuii. 

RzMien,— Tlien; were ut one time a mHlion Tolumeg Ig 
tlip Alcx^inilriiin librnry- 

M, M — The Oo!o.-,<un of Rtiodi-s, one of (lie *c»eii won- 
ders of (bo uiirld. witK u iitiituc of br.iss J50 feel biKb, 
eiii^U flUK<-'r InrgiT tbuu a uiiiii. It only Ktood Hfty 
jwirfl, und w w tlirowu doivri ly an mrCliqunke. lllay 
proKtriLio for 800 year*, when the brass cold ton 
.l<-w, who c:irrii>il it nil on nine hunilrod c:ioiela. 

Au^TEUR.— A thorougb hnonliu'ge or tbc rules of art, 
hud a sicllful liaudlinc of Ibu poucil, require ninny 
jtvirM of luboiiiius pructice Mlcbnet Aiitielo xtudii^d 
unulDoiy tivtlce yis:a», nod it w>t9 bis thnron^h kuow- 
lodt^e of erei-y L>oiie and uiu^ele that gave bluiBUcti 
mo.'ituty In tlur 11 i t. 

0. nn L., Ni-w Orlcaus, LouisI;iDu,— Do not despnlr of 
teuobio^ your li-'ft liaud to pcrlorm tbe nork which the 
Injury to j our ri^tlit ho.^ suspended. Kugendoa, %vhoM 
biiUle-pU-ccd ure alife with vigor, uas orij$iuully no en- 
graver, but mm (-ompelled to iiUindoa tliat profvfi'iuu 
lbrcui;h the wenknrKH of IiId rifbt tmnd. vihicb, lioiv- 
evtr. WOK ti((on){ ouuugb to huM the bi'Usli, nnO, tlierc- 
forc, Itugoudua bec-auie li painler. Ilut ;if(rr awhile biit 
bund bt'iMinie toliiUy unsi-rviL-vnble, auii bu Nvould buvu 
puoK Into Jtstiiutlou, hud bo Uut pcrHcvcrvU iu iiiiikiiig 
)iid lt>ft bunil supply the pluCu of Its diijiibled l onipiin- 
iou- JouTcnet, lu like munner, uiudo use of bid Ictt 
li.'iud, aud MuKjtolu, director of Ihe Iiiiperiiil Oullery iii 
Milan, who bad been compelled (□ submit to ibo uiu- 
piit.ntion of bis right baoU. (Joruelius ltett-1, a Dutch 
piiiuter. puititeJ bi.'< nnu porlraK, and ocveral Others, 
wilb his feet! ilolbciu used Iilit left baud with eiugu- 
lar facility. 

Sophia S., H'oveoster. Mosa.— The plan of \ our little ns- 
suciatioa for studying OermuQ ibis win(t-r is uii excel- 
Ifut one. We decidedly teuouiuioud Oleudorlf 's sjg- 

Miis. ¥. P., Mcdfurd, MoiS.— You ciin remove thevarnlsli 
from your work-taLlL- by scnipiug 'tic Kurf.m; with tbo 
edge of a piece of window gliisa. Vou must apply tbe 
ludia lai-ker wurui. 

M. S , Vuruioutb —We should prefer Buynrd Taylor to 
Ibe other lecturers you buve nuuied. 



TIIK NEWS ritOM W.VTKRLOO. 

Years liave passed since tho terrible battle of 
Waterloo, on which tho destinies of Europe for 
many years depended, was fought nnd won, yet 
the name of Waterloo is still a spell to thrill our 
hearts even on this side of the Atlantic. Think 
what must have been the anxiety of the govern- 
ment and the people of England, when, in the 
ple-isant month of June, 1815, they were await- 
ing intelligence from that war in which the brav- 
est of her sons poured out their blood like water. 

As a matter of course, it was well understood 
by the Government that tbe despatch, whenever 
it arrived, would be taken in the first instance to 
the War Secretary, Earl Bathurst, aud therefore 
several members of the Caiiiuet lelt great plensi- 
nre, on the 21st of June, in accepting tbe noble 
earl's invitation to dinner, in order that they 
might be on tbe spot when the despatch arrived. 
The dined — they sat. No despatch cjime. At 
length, when the night was far advanced, they 
broke up. Yet, delayed by a lingering hope that 
tho expected messenger might appear, they stood 
awhile in a knot, conversing on the pavement, 
when suddenly was heard a faint and distant 
shout. It was the shout of victory 1 Hurrah ! 
Hii'orted by a running aud vociferous muliiiude, 
Major I'ercy drove up. He was taken into tho 
house, and the despatch was opened. Tho des- 
patch contained not only tbe Duke's nnrrativo 
of the " aL'tion," as he termed it, as Waterloo, 
but a brief account of the campaign from its 
commencement, including Quatre Bras and Lig- 
ny. ♦n a first and hasty perusal the impression 
received was somewhat indelinitc; the great fact 
of the final triumph stood not forth in snOieient 
relief, and tho Cabinet were at fault. It was 
now certain ^lat an important victory had been 
gained on the 18th ; but they could not exactly 
gather from a brst reading of the despatch on 
what scale the allied armies had been triumphani, 
or how far the success was fiual ami complete. 
They turned for information to Major Percy, but 
the gallant major was dead beat, — much more 
disposed to go off into a doze than answer ques- 
tions. In fuel, he was still fetlirg the effecis, as 
it afterward:! truntpiied, of hard tighiiug as well 
us hard travelling ; for in ihe interval between 
the two he hud found no leisure for repose, hav- 
ing been occupied in attending upon hi^ wounded 
friends and brother otHeers nji to the moment 
when tho duke started him with the despatch. 
" What number of prisoners taken ?" tbey asked. 
" I saw a column of 10,000." "How ^^any of 
the enemy's can ion ?" "All." Thus enlighf- 



BALLOU^S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



75 



ncd theasscmbWlminislers read on. Presently 
LotlierquW'O"- No answer! The major was 
1 Tlie above pnrliculftrs of the sccno at 

Itcv R I" M^'^'"'' <lisliiiKHished member 
f the c-ihiiict, who was present on the occasion 
Lao oilier «lian Uie Right Hon. SithoUs Vaii- 
ioiiart, Chancellor of the Exchequer, afterwards 
i ord Bcxlcy, and have just been made public, 
lleiaiing "° hisloricul event of mucli impor- 
tance, they possess a thrilling interest. 



THK kmpukss of francr 

Perhaps sonio of onr your^; lady readers, as 
thcv bavc ^'a/.c<l on ihe sweet fiiee ol Kiigenio, as 
imlbfally delineated by the pencil of the court 
Tininter, \\''iulerhallcr— no need of flutterj- in her 
ease —in tbut pictiiio whcr« he represents lier 
surioundcd by her ladies, brilliiuit sutellites 
worthy of euch a benmiful planet, may have 
thought it ft very tina thing to be Empress of 
yraiico. Is it so very fine to dwcK on tlio sur- 
face of ft volcano that you know has scattered 
ruin and death nround it, and which will do so 
'icftin ? Is it plvftsani to listen to the subier- 
i-rnean mutterings that presage the fiery ruin ■> 
Jf so, envy the imperial laity in her grand his- 
torical pnluceof the Tuilcries. 

It is well known that tli« empress has a great 
dislike to residing in Paris, owing to the repeated 
attempts lhat Imve been made in it to lake her 
imperial husband's life. " It is only in Paris," 
is licr exclamation, " that the assassin's hand U 
raised, and 1 hale Paris !" In consetjuence of 
this sentiment, her majesty tried to postj^ne as 
long as she conid the departure of the court 
from Conipiegne, and by her influence with the 
emperor ehe obtained postponement after post- 
ponement. At la.^t, a certain Thur.-'dfcj was 
fixed for the return ; the empress begged for an- 
other delay, but was told ihas it could not possi- 
bly be accorded. Whereupon her majesty, with 
her own fair hand, drew up a petition to the 
emperor, humbly supplicating for iin additional 
delay of a week, or at the very least till Sunday, 
and she based her prayer on three grounds : 
First, that the chamber of the prince imperial 
lit the palace oJ the Tuilcries, having undergone 
repairs, was somewhat damp; second, that a 
new study made for the emperor himself, was 
unwholesome; third, that she herself and the 
ladies of her suite had not dresses " fit to be 
seen in," and'must consequently get new ones 
made. This pelition her mnjesty signed, and 
nil her Indies of honor, by her direction, signtd 
it likewise. And when the emperor was about 
to sit down to dinner, in swept a troop of cham- 
berlains and lackeys, carrying a gigantic silver 
salver, on whicli was a document hearing an 
enormous seal. " What is thftf? ' said the em- 
peror, greatly surprised. The empress looked 
astonished, but demurely Buggesled that perhaps 
it was " a petition from some poor peojde." The 
emperor broke the seal— read — smiled ; and, 
amidst n pleasant peal of laughter from the em- 
press and her ladies, graciously decided on re- 
maining at Compicgne to Sunday. 

1 ^ » ^ » 

I'ltlKTIiNG. 
Lauren7.cs John Costor was the first European 
primer. He printed a book of images and let- 
ters, with wooden lilocks, in the year 143d. The 
leaves were printed upon one side only, and the 
backs were pasted together when the book was 
bound. John Faust established a printing-office 
at Mcnt/, and printed ft Latin book in 1442. 
J^hn Guttenburg of Montz invented cut metal 
types, and made use of ihem in printing tlie 
earliest edition of the Bible, which was com- 
menced in 1444, and finished in UCO. Peter 
Schieffer cast the first metal types in 1452, and 
thus merited the thanks of miyjkind for giving 
u vital impulse to the "art preservative of arts." 
The city of Mentz, situated upon the east bank 
of the lUiine, was c.iplured and plundered about 
the year 14G0; and this sad disaster served to 
disseminate the new art more rapidly through 
1-urope than it would otherwise have spread. 
This is one instance of good resulting from evil, 
and shows that the horrors of war are not al- 
ways unproductive of benefit. The first typo 
were uniformly Gothii; or old German, similar to 
what is now known as old English or Black 
Trfiior. But the lloma;; cbamclew were made 
■It Rome, as early us 1467. The Cireek and 
Hebrew characters wore east and used within 
fifteen years of that time. 

The present priming establishment of thj 
Prench government is probal>ly one of the most 
complete and cfreciivi>' in the whole xvorlJ. It 



posse.ises ihe type of all the known rbaraciors of 
the Asiatic languiiges, ancient or modern, and 
the type of sixteen European langUAgcs, the 
chararlers of which difler from the ordionry 
Uoman letters". Of the usual French character 
there are in this establishment forty six different 
forms and sizes. Five hundred hands are con- 
stantly employed in this printing office ; nnd 
such is the number of presses, tluii over nine 
thousand octavo volumes of 400 pages each, can 
be struck off in a single day. A comparison of 
this magic celerity of the imperial piinting-of- 
6co with the moderate progress of Outtcnlmrg's 
Bible in 1444, which occupied sixteen years in 
printing, will l>est illustrate the advance whiih 
the art of prinliug has made in a petiod of four 
centuries. 



PAVINC-STONES ASI> ORANUES. 

A French painter, who, notwithstanding his 
youth, has already attained n well incrlted repu- 
tulion, has just been married under circumstances 
well worth relating. On a tour tbrougli Italy, 
ho had completely exhausted his tinauccs, and 
was what ihe showmen call " hard up." lie was 
" frozen in " at a hotel in Naples, living on the 
proceeds of his wardrobe, which he disposed of 
to accommodating Jews, one day dining on a 
wtistcoat, the next feeding on a pair of panta- 
loons. One morning tbo landlord, who hud 
watched his operations, came to him like a good 
Samaritan, and said : 

" Here are ft hundred francs. Return to 
France, and send mo the money from Marseilles 
or Paris." 

The young man thanked his host for his 
unexpected liberality, but resolved to reim- 
burse him on the spot. So he palmed his 
host and hostess, and threw in a couple of cooks 
as a make-weight to the bargain. This duty 
discharged, he repaired to the steamboat. On 
board he met a beautiful young woman, with 
whom ho was much fascinated, but whom he 
hardly dared to addicss, as her costume nnd 
manners showed that she belonged to the highest 
aristocracy. Still ho gathered courage, like a 
true Frenchman, and in order to make a favor- 
able impression on the lofty beauty, intimated 
vaguely that ho was a gentleman travelling for 
instruction, and that he had lost his tutor some- 
where in some jolly hotel, or down the crater of 
Vesuvius. 

Everything went on swimmingly till they 
reached Marseilles, when the custom houFc officers 
insisted on examining the baggage. Our hero 
attempted to fly, but his conduct appeared sus- 
picious, and he was forcibly detained by the vigi- 
lant ofliciuls, who insisted on opening hia trunk 
in his presence. He was forced to give up the 
key, and the stylish trunk was opened and found 
to contain three paving-stones. General pdri- 
facdon ! The beautiful young lady's trunk was 
also opened. It contained no splendid jewels or 
dresses— only oranges ! So the great lady was 
only a little lady after all. Both were overjoyed 
with the discovery ; they sat on the same seat in 
the rail-cars, and as soon as they reached Paris 
were united in the holy bands of matrimony. 
We call this quite aa amusing affair. 

Flowerv.— Iq speaking of a play called the 
" Knights of the Mist," the critic of the N. Y. 
Albion says :— The stylo of the dialogue has a 
flavor of Bulwer. In listening to it, as in read- 
ing " Zanoni," or " Eugene Aram," one is pleas- 
ingly reminded of a death's heod wreathed with 
mignonette and convolvulus. 



A RCLIC or THE < RtS.U>I-S*. 
Very few jiivial blades, as tliey shout " lUp, 
Hip, Ilaira " ovot thoir cups, in response to some 
fdvoritQ toast, nro aware that they ore involun- 
tarily commemorating tho pious /.oal of Potor 
the Hermit, a FrencU cothuFiast, who in 1094, 
stirred up ait Europe lu tho tttscuo of the Holy 
Sepulchre. Pctot Gauiicr was n Ficuch »ioldicr, 
but loft the profe:>sion and turned pilgrim. Upon 
his return from Jerusalem, he sought Pope Ur- 
ban II-, and be<^ught him to sot on foot an ex- 
pedition for tho capturt) of that city from the 
intidel. Tho pope listened lavornhly to tho 
prayer of tho devotee, and convened a council of 
.110 bishops of various Christian nations, lU 
Cleromont in France. Tho council authorised 
Peter to prciuh his crusade (Fr. civtjr aiilr, help 
to the cross,) throu;;bout Europe, and an army 
of 300.000 men was niised for Pnleslino. Upon 
his missionary expeditions. Peter bore a banner 
inscribed with tho three initials, U. E. P., mean- 
ing in Latin I/iti-osoJi/ma tsl iiciJiia — or Jerusa- 
lem is lost. The populace of some of the 
countries which lie visited, not ui.dersiuDding 
the Latin, read the three initials as one word — 
Hop ; and when ihey hunted down a Jew, in 
their fanatical zeal, they raised iho cry, " H( 
hep, hurra," to manifest their adhesion to 1 
cause of Peter tho Hermit, ami their purpo&o 
immolate a Jew for llic glory of that cause. 



IIK W.iMS TO I(K KRVTEN. 
That extraordinary colored person, Solouque 
or Fauslin I., who presides over tho destinies of 
Hayti, seems anxious to obtain another liemen 
dous thrashing. It may ho romembcreil lhat 
three years ago Soulou<iuo suddenly invaded the 
territory of the Dominican republic. Ho was 
beaten, and a short limo afterwards an arruistici 
was concluded between him and Santana, mide 
tho guarantee of France and England. That 
arraislico expires on the I5th of February nex 
and Soulou(iue has alreaily denounced it to th' 
government at St. Domingo. War is thcieforo 
considered probable, and Santana is said to bo 
very actively preparing for it. It will be remeni 
bercd lhat the Haytiens, in the former campaign 
far outnurabe^ed the forces of Santana, but, iifte 
a few shots, ignoniiniously turned their backs o 
the enemy and took to their heels, the emperor 
himself setting the example, and giving a mem 
orable specimen of tall running. 



Great Walking — A famous pedestrian at 
Alleutown, Pa., has just completed tho feat of 
walking one hundred and fourteen consecuiivo 
hours, topping off by walking out of town so 
fast, that his creditors could not overtake him. 



Personal,— Lord Brougham, the venerable 
orator, lawyer, philanthropist, scholar and writer, 
is now in Paris. He is eighty years of age, but 
a eorresitoodent writes us that he is hale, hcurly 
and cheerful, though all his coleuiporaries— 
Moore, Scarlett, Jeffrey, Sydney Smith, Can- 
ning, Peel, Melbourne, Roniilly— are in their 
graves. Ho had by his marriage with Miss 
Spalding but one child, and that a daughter now 
dead, so he is childless. 



We are warned by death lu ailopt tho means 
for protecting life. The recent death in Do.xton, 
of ft daughter of one of our most esteemed feltovr- 
citizens, cauted by the fall of & heavy nutss of 
now from a lofty roof upon n thick glasH sky- 
ight l^cneaih which she was standing, has called 
forth Iho strongest cxpressiooi of nympathy for 
,er uniimely death. This mournful occurrence 
houUl not fail to impress a useful le^^sou u]>ou 
tho public mind. It should be.spe«k attention to 
the danger which coutinually besets n* in tho 
winter limo, from the accumulation of large bod- 
icH of snow and ico upon tho sloping roofs and 
caves of buildingn. This danger is much in- 
creased of late, in our large cities, by tho gi-calcr 
licight to whicb bouses and stores arc now car- 
ried ; as the foreii of the falling iniiss is thereby 
greatly augmented. And yet, no adetiuale pro- 
vibiun is made to remove this peril to life and 
limb, by the ere-ctioii of bufilcivnt K«ards upon 
tho eaves, or by the prompt removal «f the accu- 
mulating snow. In many coses acccsn to iheso 
lofty roofs, for the removal of snow, is attended 
with great danger to tho operator; hut they 
should in all coses bo so constructed as to afford 
a secure footing to workmen while engaged in 
clearing them. Stroitg and suhstumial guaids 
tiliould also bo put up, to pievent tho avabmclio. 
Tbii subject demands tho attention of the city 
aathuriiies, and they should re'tpiiro every owner 
ol a building to urect and maintain sueU a borrior 
upon tho eaves, aod ultio \fi »ee to it that the roof 
is kept free from snow. I'ublie action of this 
character is demanded in all our largo cities, 
by tho safety of those who walk tho streets, and 
Boston would do well to lead off in tho gooil 
work. 

QuKEs ViCToniVa Skatks.— Wo subjoin, m 
of some interest to the tcx, the annuxcd de»crip< 
lion of a pair of skates just completed for Qiucen 
Victoria : 

" In lieu of straps across iho instep, each skato 
is provided with a pateul-leaiher hoot. These 
boots are firmly attached by a strip of plated 
silver to the dugs, which are of satin wood, 
hi(ilily polished. The skiile iruns terminate in 
front in the appropriate and graceful lonu of 
a swan, ami lioth sides arc elegantly chased. 
Tho cup that forms ibo receptacle for the heels 
is silver plated, anil chased with tho deiiign of ft 
rose, Bhamrock and thistle. The same design 
is embroidered in white silk upon the black pa- 
tent leather, to which it forms a pleading contrast. 
The size gracefully corresponds to the small foot 
of her majesty, and when mounted on them, 'tis 
Euid she looks elegantly." 



SiKGUi.AR Fact.— The British government 
has allowed the sum of five hundred pounds 



sterling to the daughtc 
who was killed on board 



pf Peter Shackericy, 
Se U. S. frigate Chesa- 



peake, by a shot from H. M. ship Leopard, in 

1807. ^..^^ 

The new Cknt.— Tho plumed Indian head 
on the new cent, is cpiite an improvement on tho 
turkey buzzard on the old one, which was an un- 
constitutional and gratuitous iusidt to tho much- 
abused American eagle. Such a success should 
be on inc(n(ivo to our die-cutters. 



A MOSSTKR City.— If London increases dur- 
ing tbo second half of tho present century at her 
present rate, tlie population in 1001 will be 
5,816,000. 



EsGLAKD ASi> IxDiA.— Thc Rcd Sca cable 
is in progress, and within a twelvemonth, says 
the London Times of the 1 Cth ull.. England will 
probably be in daily communication with India. 

BiTiDixo.— Every description of bindmg is 
done at this oflice. Works bound and rttumed 
in one tv/^, in the best possible manner. 

Theatrical.— Mr. Barry Sullivan, the young 
Irish actor, made iiuitc a bit in Boston. 



Jt!i>GE Stoby.— The late Chief Justice Story 
is to be honored in Chicago by the removal there 
of bis statue from Boston. It is to be placed in 
the library of the Chicago Law Institute. 



Wild Si-out in thk West —We learn from 
one of our Minnesota exchanges, that a party of 
hunters out in tlio Ucd Hivcr Valley lately, in 
three weeks' time, killed six hundred buffaloc.4 
and sent tho meat into Selkiik for full use. 
Another party of eight, in tho same length of 
lime, killed two thousand two hundred, the meat 
b6tng dried fur futuro ubo, and the skins selling 
for two dollars each. This is hunting to some 
purpose. 

A Lady's Phtbician.— An M. D. of this 
city is very successful in treating fumalo com- 
plaints. Ho ignores the use of nanseous drugs 
entirely, and prescribes a now bonnet, a pair of 
gaiter boots, or a cashmere shawl, or ft set of 
diamonds, according to tho severity of tho case. 
He is far more popular witli the ladies than with 
their husbands. 



BaicK UsDEitiMNNiNGS.— A wcsicrn paper 
says two ladie.* nearly lost their lives tho other 
day, by fire caused by hot bricks they had wrap- 
ped in flannel to " toast their toes " with. 

The Flag of olr Union. — If snccess is 
tho crilerioB of excellence, then 'J lie llu'/ of our 
Union ii the beat litcrAry weekly published in 
this country. 

Bai.iti Waldo Emerson.- Wo liaveasupcrb 
portrait of this distinguished literary man engrav- 
ing for oar next number of liallwt's Pictorial. 

The Cot;Rmi:n i»es Etais Unis.— This bril- 
liant French daily, published ia Kew York, has 
donned an cniirc new dress. 



" The Smugoler."— We have just issued this 
famous sea story (written expressly for us by 
Sylvaspb Conn, Jr.) inbound style, and ele- 
gantly illustrated with largo original engraving*. 
Any pcnion cncloiting us licrnti/ cents, in letter 
stamps, or otherwise, shall receive ft copy, 
jiiiid, by return of mail. 

California Dust — A million and a half of 
dollars in gold carae by the last California 
steamer, and this is about the average by em h 
arrival. What becomes of all the piccious melal ? 
Wont it get to be a drug by and by 



A GOOD Idea.— Manager Melius of the Lou- 
isville Theatre, proposes that ail the thcatie-i 
througliout the Union set apart tho 2-ld of Feb- 
ruary for ft Mount Vernon Benilit- 

A Hkathex.— Some person entirely destitute 
of moral pcreeption, lias recently stolen a report- 
er's ovcrcdiit at Washington. Thi* is only one 
degree better than robbing ft priulcr. 



76 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 




CHINESE OPIUM-EATESIS, CANTON. 



CHINIOSE OlMUM-SIHOKEllS. 

In tlic nccompanying sketch, drawn from ttio 
life, wo hiivo u glimpao of tlio interior of ono of 
tlio opium smoking dens in Canton, to whicli 
Celestial dcbauehees roBort witli as much porti- 
nai'ity as rum drinkcrB in this country to the low 
gTORBhopB. Hci^lining at their ease, torpid, hui- 
giiid, with idiotic smiles upon their faces, the 
votaries of the fatal drug are aliandoning ihom- 
selves to its excitement, Kurrounded by all iho 
appliances of their strange hahit. By them sita 
a Chinese woman, an nttarhi'v of the cstiiblish- 
mont, perfectly indifferent to what is going on 
nbout. She is probably placed there as a model 
to aid the dreamy visions of the opium-smokors 
in forming those pictures of celestial boauly which 
accompany the faial intoxication to which they 
abandon themselvoH. The rooms wliero the 
Chinese sit and smoke opium nro surrounded hy 
wooden couches, with places for the head to rest 
upon, and generally a side room is devoted to 
gambling. The pipe is a reed of about an inch 
in diameter, and ibo aperture in the bowl for the 
admission of opium is not larger than a pin's 
head. Tho drug is prepared with a kind of in- 



cense, and a very email portion is snfficicDt to 
charge it, ono or two whiffs being the utmost 
that cun bo inhaled from a single pipe ; and tho 
amoko is taken into tho lungs as from the hookah 
in India. On n beginner one or two pipes will 
have nn effect, but nn old stager will continue 
smoking for hours. At tho head of each couch 
is placed R small lump, aa fire must bo applied to 
the drug during tho process of inhaling ; and, 
from tho difficulty of filling and properly light- 
ing the pipes, there is generally a soporific odor 
in tho ntmoBphorc, which soon lulls tlio smoker 
iiUo unconsciousness of passing events, and 
fast merges him into tho wished-for consumma- 
tion, Tho lost scene of this tragic play is gen- 
ornll^ a room in tho roar of tho building, a 
spocies of morffue, or dead house, whore lietlioso 
who have passed into the Btato of bliss tho opium- 
smoker madly sccke — an emblem of tho long 
sloop 10 which he is blindly hurrying. Death 
does not rapidly follow tho habit of opium-emok- 
ing or eating, but life is a prolonged torture. 
The frame becomes enervated, the ner\'es shat- 
tered, and tho intervals of reaction bring a ter- 
rible punishment in bodily and mental pangs. 



COMING ON THE COAST IN WINTER. 
Tho splendid marine picture on this page rop- 
roscnta an American ship homeward bound, 
making Dosion Light in tho midst of a hard snow 
storm. Yet the anxietios of the latter part of 
her voyage are now happily terminated, tfio wel- 
come beacon throws its cheerful blazo over tho 
ongry waves, its rays piercing the white mantle 
of the driving storm, and in a few moments the 
good ship will bo lying at anchor, in a safe and 
quiet land-locked haven. The danger of a win- 
ter voyage lies in approaching the coast, not on 
tho brond Atlantic. Wo landsmen are apt to 
pity the poor mariner of sea, when tho gale sweeps 
over our roof-tree, and rends the branches of tno 
trees around our dwellings ; but the sailor recks 
littloof the storm so long as he has plenty of sea 
room. Ho is very apt to thank Providence, like 
the man in Dibdin's song, that he has a sttuinch 
dock under him and a plenty of water all nronnd 
him, and to exclaim, " Lord help 'em 1 how I 
pities all unhappy folks ashore now." But the 
nearer ho draws to the coast in heavy weather, 
tho greater is his danger, tho severer his hard- 
ships. The air growB suddenly cold; tho decks 



and bulwarks become eheotcd with ico ; the 
shrouds and rigging are covered with frozen 
spray; feet and liunds are frostbitten; and he 
has to grope his way throagb the gathering 
storm. It is then that all the appliances that 
science and liberality can supply, are necest,ary 
on our inhospitable, lock-bound coast — li[rht- 
houses and light-ships to mark out the pcriloun 
pathway or tho perilous reef, life-boats and hardy 
crews to give assistance and rescue from dcatli, 
when the good ship is, after every precaution ami 
every brave exeriion, wrecked. Not a winlor 
passes without tales of disaster that cnrdlc the 
blood, and deeds of heroism that warm it lo life 
again, springing from the vicissitudes of a fcu- 
faring life. It is encouraging to know, however, 
that tho perils of the sea have within a few years 
greatly diminished. Science has asserted her 
empire upon the ocean, as wt-ll as upon tho land ; 
the geography of the former is almost as well 
underj^tood as the geography of the latter, and 
the navigator of to day treads his deck with far 
more se< urity than the navigator of the past cen- 
tury. Still there arc seasons ihat haflle all hu- 
man skill, and mock at all human appliances. 




CO.MING ON THE COAST OF MASSACHUSETTS, IN A SNOW STOllM. 



BALLOUS PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



77 



LORD MAYOR'S MANSION, LONDON. 

We make do question that the inhabiiante of 
our pluin republican cities will bo interested to 
see bow a lord mayor of London is lodj:ed by 
his coustiiiicnts, and we accordingly publish a 
fine view of the hoase in which the chief mugis- 
trate of ih« great English metropolis resides. It 
ig a very large, nnd well proportioned buildint, 
with a lofty and imposing; portico, and has, on 
ibe whole, quite an imposing appearance. It 
stands on the site of the " Slocks Market," and 
was built from the designs of George Dunce, the 
city architect, the same who superintended the 
cre'cli"" of the Guildhall. The structure as it 
was originally erected cost $-335,000, and was at 
first dislignred by an upper storj- for the ser- 
vants, familiarly known, east of Temnlo-bar, as 
" The Mare's Nest ;" but has since Wen done 
Bway with. The principal room in the mansion- 
house is called the Egyptian Hall, on acconnt of 
its once containing some traces of Pvgyptian arch- 
itecture, which, however, are not now visible in 
jiny part of the proportions or decoraiions. In 
this hall, on every Easter Monday, the lord 
mayor gives a great, privnto banriuct and bnll. 
The office of lord mayor was formerly for life, 
but for a great number of years it has been elec- 
tive, and for a terra of a year only, so as to allow 



IJTER.1RY LONGEVITY. 

An opinion has been expressed, says (he au- 
thor of " PrtSt Meridian," that lileniry labor*, or 
hahnual exiursions into the rvgions of imagina- 
tion, arc adv<Tsc to the continuance of health 
or even the inlcgrity of intellect. Grave charges', 
truly, and examples to the conimry may easilv 
bo adduced. ^ 

Premature death and menial declension an 
confined to no profession or condition ol life 
Too early, or undue stress laid on the oreans 
of the braui, is doubtless fraught with disastrous 
consequences. .Still, their constant, and even 
severe exercise may comport both with physical 
welfare and longevity. 

It is, indeed, true, that Swift "expired a 
dnvellcrand a show." but not until ho had 
passed seven years beyond the spun allotted to 
human life ; and the amiable author of the 
" Task " closed his pilgrimage in a ravlcss cloud 
at sixty ninc ; and Wiiltor Scott sank nt sixty- 
one, under toils too ambitioualy pursued for the 
safe union of flesh with spirit; and Soulhey, 
whose reckless industry precluded needful rest, 
subsided, ere sixty-eight, iuto syncope and the 
shadow of darkness ; and Henry Kirk White 
faded at twenty-one, in the fresh blossom of his 
young renown ; and Byron, at thirty-six, rent 



world the moumfal memories of " Lost Para- 
dise, wub living straius of heroic and sublime 
counsel. Miuson was seventy-two ere the "holy 
earth, where bis " dead Maria " slumbered, 
admitttd him to share her ropose ; and the ten- 
der I etrarch, and the bravo old John Dryden, 
told out fully their seventy vcars ; and the in- 
genious Lal-ontaine, seventy-four; while Fon- 
toiiello. whose powers of siglu and hearing ex- 
icudcd their nnnistnitions to the unusual term of 
ninety-six years, lacked only the revolution of a 
few moons to complete his entire i-entury. 

Those raustcm of the Grecian lyre. Anarrvon 
tlic sweet Sophocles, and the flerv-souled Pindar' 
felt no (rost of intellect, but were trani*plmited as 
evergreens in the winter of foursrorv ; at the 
same advanced period Wordsworth, in our own 
times, continued to mingle the music of his lay 
with the murmurs of Uydal's falling water; and 
JoHiina IlaiUie, to fold antund her the robe of 
tragic power, enjoying until her ninetieth year 
the friendship of the good, and the fruiu of a 
fair renown ; Montgomery, the religious poet, 
so long a cherished guest among the romantic 
scenery of Sheffield, died at t)ie ngw of eighty- 
two ; and Uugtrs, who gave us in early life the 
"Pleasures of Memory." lived lo the good old 
age of niuely-three years. 



a stand still by catching hold of the wonderful 
coat tail, to examine and admire the cloth. For 
cle:mlinos.i, ili«y cannot be a uqiaaied— every- 
thing is just if new. The women are (or at 
least ft few ot them) pretty, but they considerit a 
givat mark of bewuty to black the teeth, with a 
jirepanition of iron, which makea ihcm disgust- 
ing. You will frequently see a pretty ntsy-taecd 
girl, bo admiring her to a friend, but when she 
smiles you are immediately disgusted, tor ther« 
arw the teeth as black a« ink. You confound the 
luck, and determine never to look at another. 
What an exceedingly ingenious way the ladies of 
Japan have intn>duced, in order to keep jiarenta 
and husbands from knowing what they may 
write ; for the men and women write with en- 
tirely different letters or churaclem, and hence 
cannot read each others' letters. The reason for 
this was, that women could not ihu.t know any- 
thing of the business matters of their husbiuids. 
This gives the women the advantage, which 
wonhl not answer for all parta of the world. 

A few days since, wo witnessed one of the 
many singular jollifications of the.'-o strange peo- 
ple. It was the Grand Feast of I.rf»ntern8. 
Never wiis such ridiculous nonsense dreamed of 
before. 'I'bousands of iiuoplo joincil in proces- 
sion, all decked out in too most gaudy and fan- 




MANSION HOUStl, THE LORD MAYORS Rl-^SllJl'INCE, LONDON. 



as largo a number of citizenB as possible to par- 
:icipate by turus in its honors. The lord mayor 
always receives the honor of knighthood from 
11^ sovereign oo his accession to the municipal 
oHice. The day of his inauguration is a civic 
hohday— there is a great public dinner and ball, 
a regatta on the Thames, and a procession in 
whicb tho citizens masquerade in a variety of 
old-world costumes. We believe, however, that 
His last feature of "Lord Mayor's Day" has 
been discontinued. Aristocratic wits are in the 
nabit of sneering at the head of the city govern- 
niciit, hut the success with which the municipal 
affairs of such a world as London is adminis- 
tered ought to silence their gibes. 

"TAKE CARE OF THY MONKY." 
Paley, whose mind was so remarkably expert, 
was particularly clumsy in body. " I was never 
a flood horseman." he used to say of himself ; 

and when I followed mv father on a pony of 
njy own, on my first journey to Cambridge, I fell 
o" seven times. I was lighter then than I am 

■it f ""^ '"'^"^ ^""^ ''•'^'y serious. 
i.yi^L hearing a thump, would turn his 

"ftad half aMde, and say, ' Take care of thy 
money, lad-take care of thy money;' as if! 
myself were of no consequence !" ' 



the fiery armor of genius and of passion, and 
lied from the conflict of life. 

Yet Goethe, unimpaired by a strong excite- 
ment of imagination, saw his eighty-second win- 
ter ; and the sententious architect of the " Night 
Thoughts " reached fouracore-and-four ; and 
Voltaire, at the same period, was still in love 
with the vanity of fame ; and ComciUo contin- 
ued to enjoy his laurels till seventy-eight; and 
Crabbe, at an equal age, resigned the pen which 
had sketched, with daguerreotype minuteucss, 
the passing scene. Joseph Warton, until his 
seventy-ninth year, mode his mental riches and 
cheerful piety sources of delight to all around ; 
Charles Wesley, on the verge of eighty, called 
his wife to his dying pillow, and with an inex- 
pressible smile, dictated his last metrical effu- 
sion ; and Klopsiock, ilio bard of the " Messiah." 
continued until the same period lo cheer and de- 
light his friends. Watts laid down his consecra- 
ted harp at seventy-four; and our own Trum- 
bull, the author of " McFingal," preserved rill 
eighty-two the bright, clear intellect, whose 
strains had animated both the camp and the cot- 
tage. The illustrious Metastasio detained tho 
admiring ear of Italy until eighty-four ; and 
Milton, at sixty-six, opened his long-eclipsed 
eyes on " cloudless light serene," leaving to the 



JAPAN. 

A letter from an officer on board tho United 
States frigate Mississippi, at Uakodadi, Jitpnn, 
says : Wo have been in the northern parts of 
Jiipan, trying to recuperate the officers and crew 
after considerable sickness. In this we have 
succeeded, and I am now happy lo say. almost 
all are up and well once more. The cruise 
would have been a delightful one, had we been 
able to meet, occasionally at least, with a wliite 

fierson, or one speaking our language. Iteauti- 
ul country, weather, and everythin|; else ; but 
the idea of spending four months without meet- 
ing a soul is far from pleasant, and in fact, puts 
a cloud over tho scaaon. When I say a soni, I 
mean one with a white face. Quite conlniry lo 
our expectations, but few restrictions were put 
upon us. We roamed over the country, went 
just where and when we chose, thus acquiring 
considerable knowledge ol Japanc^e life and cus- 
toms. As we would walk through the towns, 
vast crowds would follow us ; but, bless me, 
those ahead that caught sight of one of us, woold 
break and run like a lot of well scared slupp, 
close the doors until we had passed, an^ men 
join tho crowd behind. In fact, whcu there, 
tJicy became quite intimate — helping themselves 
to the buttons on our coat latle, or bringing us to 



taslic manner, each carrying a Japan lantom 
with some inscription. Large cars dnkwii by 
men and filled with women on the first floor, 
and children above — sorno playing on an instru- 
ment like a banjo, but most ol them bcaitiug 
drums and shouting, passed ns in review, throw- 
ing cakes and candies at us and invitingly hold- 
ing up bottles containing the liquor of the coun- 
try. All ibis ap]>eaRd to give ibeni the greatest 
fun. Hideous refre^cnialions of ibeir different 
gods were about in abundance ; rice, and every- 
thing else to eat and dnnk was otTered them, 
but being made of wood and paper ihey required 
but litile. Determined, however, ihut the gods 
should not want, the articles were poured down 
tho throat. Some of these iinngcs stood full 
twenty feet high. All this continued for two 
days and nights, during which time you can im- 
agine we did our best to enjoy it. But a few 
years more of such a life is before tlieso happy 
peojile. (Civilization ii* creeping among them 
rapidly, and all will cliunge.— v/or/r. of Omimerce. 

Sei-k-Lovk. — O villanons ! I have lived up- 
on the world four times seven years ; and since I 
could di'ttinguish between a benefit and an injury, 
I never found a man that knew not now 10 love 
h imikelf. — lii'iaisfifart- . 



78 



BALLOU'S PICTORIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION 



f 0ct's €amx. 



TO MV OLR CliOCK. 



My nnrlsnt cloolc no longer Helta 

Or taUrtli DoUt of llmo; 
lU hnndi iiw cHIl, It^" »■>'<•" l* ""'K 
Tlio voi™ that ri-nolut* 

Sont forth its hourly ctilme. 
And Btillpw now U Mt W lie 
Like dIaUnt eurgM of tln' »en. 

Mji nuploiit monitor of worth, 

Tliy cIIpucp rankM mo ■ti'l; 
Tliiil loPMurod tkk im i:ioro I lioftr, 
But [mlKcN biutlng I" thi< ulr. 

And wi'ftrin'iM run iiiad; 
Tlw Bkcleton of ttnip, .''im brritli, 
Thu prcludu, ria It won-, to dentil. 

Oomo, ntiflont friouil, no Hngor thus 

In uioodj- dlloure rtniid; 
Olieer U|i, Hnd 1ft your wIii'h1» ft" round, 
And u'luddon wUIi your nlUi-i' »ourid 

Oiiri- mors our JIttlu biind. 
Siwak to our hiuirt*. nod to ii« uny, 
Thus, tlius llAi'n inomonls piias nwny. 

.lANIIAIlV. 

JLar tbc sli'dai- with Ibn brils— 
Silver belli'! 

Wliftt n world of inorrlniunt thoir ninlodj' foroUdla. 
Unw tliny tiiiUb'. tlnlilr, tliikli-. 

In tholcy "Irof n!«lil 
Wlillo tlip Kttim tliiit (ivi>rKpi'lnKl« 
All till' liitiivcnit Hfvui r« Iwlnhlo 

H'itli ii n iTv-tJilliiii- (irll{;lit; 

Ki>-ji'"K ' ■ 

III II Hi>rl iT Uuni.- rliyilili. 
To Ihp iiiii.iNiLiiiilnM')ii (1i.it 80 imi»l<;iilly wolU 
Ifrom thu bt'lU. Mh, Mia. 

\MU, bulls, bnllJ- 
From tbo jloiiliiig ntid the tlriltilug of the MU. 

JIOtiAK A. I'OB. 

TlliVKI.I-INQ TliaOUtm THE SNO\r. 
Ill fivrtia the truTollor cow. nnd ho tbiit dtnlks 
In pondiTouH hoot* bcniJu hiti rooking tvmii. 
Tbii wniti (TOM limvlly. (niiiodt'd soro 
lly oongrvKiLlcd biiidi iidliinInK pIo*" 
To tlio riocgi'd wlioi'la ; niid In llw slugsiih piico 
Nolsi'lfw niipoiiri" ninvioj: hill nf snow. 
Tbu lolling H.n-d" i>!ipiniil tlm miHtrlli' wide, 
U"liiliM-T.-rv bfi'iith. by n-«r'1ri.Hou nlfoi.ig 
Fom'd dowriwiird, i' nm^oliduU'il huuq 
Upon Uitir jutting choslj.— CowrEH. 

TIMB. 

1 iwked Ibn BpriouN, In their noniinl round, 
Whicti bi'dutify or dumilulu thu grniind ; 
And Ihfiy r-'plied (nii onicli- innrc v/Ui'); 
'■ 'i'la folly's hlauU, and wlwaoni H higbunl-prlKn-" 
Sjh Walteii IIalekiii. 



C!OSSII> IVBTBI TIIK UKADE!U. 

A grjind iutellectnrvl treit U In prospect for the lovers 
of Ibe drama in thi* I'ouotry. Mr MiimigiT lillnum— 
iUl- Niipoluon of impruswlos— bit* promised to bring 
over niatorl, the groat ItulUu Qclrvis, whose sfir rose to 
the zunilh lit Paris just OS tlmt of lUrhol wim bugtuuing 
to declioo. lly the way, tbo Rlory of n neent nttooipt to 
poison Itistori wfts (rue, It wii.- nt Itogglo, In (Up diiehy 
of rnrma. During u performnnro, Ulntorl bad seal for a 
gla«i of Ipmoniide iinJ dmuk pirt of It, when fbo wan 
oalled ua thu atiige. Wbeu she rvlurued to bar room, 
nhu vnf: about to (Inish the gtivu, nUua a Htningo odor 
find n nim Oontlng on tho nurf.ieu iirresleJ her Attention. 
The li'm^Qiido wns found to hwo been pnUoned with 
phos|iborn9 during her brief abwucp. Ko clue hns yet 
been obtained to tbe uutboMilp of Cbi< crlnitTiiil and 
dFifltJirdl.^ act. ..... We have rprtivuJ a Glu of tbo Capo 

Monitor, published nt tbe Cii'o of Good IIopi- We learn 
from it. among other thing;, tlnit ngrioultutv li* Id a 
nourishing eoudlliou, and that the farmer* iitv beginning 
to uiio Amerl^An pldughi' and reaping maebines. But 
we also find that thei^ iiri' some dniwbarks to furniing 
" away down the!*-'' For initiinne. eueh nn item as thl? 
occurs: "There hnrc Wen two floe o»lriche.-t Among tho 
corn at Kocbvrg, for the lost fuw d^iyf, on the farms of 
Pr- Oirdand SIi-aT*. Pirikuard and Du r!e*«lii. Some of 
the youogsteri have tried lo ride up to them, but havu 
no moro chance than u dray horse ngiilm-t ii racer. They 
are magaiOcuDl bird', and the firmers say thoy cnu man- 
age to devour sod destroy a schepel of vihcnt n dny 

each." Two bnndrcd tboumiod becrw were n'ceivtd 

and FliURhtered in New York Kit year for the benellt of 
the city ; ou an average of SCO. Micy cost twelve mfllioua. 
It woni dii to tftlk about " be^'f-cnting UDgliahmun '■ any 
more The ahipui-nto of gold Tram California re- 
ceived in New Yorlt duriug 185S were (MS'i,179,841; for 
1857 they were 534,222,1)03; but in IW." nearly two mil- 
Hone were lost in tho (Jentnil Anu'i-icn, no that thu 
umouutA that loft California during the two yi-ars vary 

very little Tbi' Sl.ilen Islanders havp wilne,*spd llie 

withdrawal of the troops frnm Stateu Island. The " Se- 
poys-' remaio, but the "pomp, pride, circumntanco of 
gloriouiWar" is gone. Somebody will have a rather 

heavy bill to foot The First Congregational Church, 

Ilarlfoi-d, Connecticut, has given over nevea thouicind 

dollars lo ch'i rl table object? the present sea.soti Louis 

Napoleon does Dot like the Idea of our acquiring Cuba 
even by purclia.'e. We are very sorry for It, becatice wo 
shfill uevcr comiept to forego an iuiporbnt a'-t]ui>ition, 
even it it Ui*plea5c R iloKcn crowned beads, IxiuU Niipo- 
luon bitU much better attend to hU own ulTiilrs. nnd con- 
fine hiaattcDtion to his side of tbe water A gentle- 

man by the name of I'liul may occa.*li>unIty Im wen in 
Parir, ne<ir which hu rchideH, driving n p^ilr of beauliful 
Amciican tri.tt«r«. An Invitalion to dine with hliu at 
his country ami it. eagerly accepted, Kt be lj*e a cook 



worthy of a man of fortune. How did ho matw It* By 
brnnhlng clolhwi. 11* came to Puria Mroe yoaw »go, a 
pfjorntuntry boy, with only n few rrnni-s lu hUi pocket. 
Stuinllog ouWde tl»^ Cafe dr Pari*, Iw noticed that the 
rich cuflionicni who camo thither covered with du«t re- 
fused to allow (ho men who walt«d there for a Job lo 
luucU their costly garmoul* with their rough and dirty 
bruithmi. Our ndvoiiturer Instantly Inveit4.<d half hi" 
funda In a eofi, handxomu bru«h, which ho applied with 
ro dexterous a hand that the didlghtt^d diindien |iftld him 
lIlK-rally. Prom that day hU fortune wvi made. Uo 
continued to ply lib" humble craft at the principal cafcc, 
and Inventing hla wirnlngs Judiciously, hl« money »oon 
nccumulaled, and ho l.i now a Kenlluuian of leUure anil 
fortune..... -In llaymarhel S'|uarr tho other day, wo 
(WW a maiJiiw rlpt notice po»ted up. which commenced aa 
follown: '■ I-oiit,— somewbair between Die Mane and 
lowin a itllvcr wati^b, ■ etc. That '/irT*" wa* rich, 

phonographic onJ fonnyrrnpblc A cockney uporl"- 

mao went out lo ahoot patrldge*, and blnwd away at 
one. But though two or tbreo fi-ailuTc dropped, the 
bird Hew over H hcdgi'. Cockney followed and found a 
rnatic ploughing hut no bird The futlowlng colloi|uy 
cnitued. " I eay, my floe fellow, didn't you ^ee a pat- 
rldge drop here?" " NeVr a drop." "But didn't you 
see feathers flyP' " Z-irtalii— mid they necmed to lly 
iiwny with thu meat too.'' The cockney wna silent, and 

the boor iiddre.onud himsilf t.» liU borw! A country 

giiwky woii g'lzlng lu at Uunh k Beiita window ut a hat 
which bad u «matl piece of look lug -glaaa In the inflJe of 
the crown. " Whnt'a that Vro for, mlntcr?" lie ashed of 
u bysumder. " ftly dear sir, how cMi a man of your 
Intelligent uppearauce ask. Tho looking glann tB to let 
the pcrHon who tries the hat on see Imw It becomes him, 

Koct. ' Valuable inforroallonl It !» very liitiTeat- 

ing to Open hundreds of exuh<tnge paperi from a great 
diatnnce. expecllng to find something very fre.-h, plenty 
of spiLrklIng lloma, etc., and to klc them nil filled with 
the presldeut'ii me:>iuigu and thu reports of tho eecru- 

larica The Iokhcb by fire In tho United Sinter In 18M, 

excluding nil losse» leas than $10,000. mtko an aggregdtv 
of S12,OOI),000 The North Rriti«h llevlnw, discours- 
ing on thu doom ol the world, has the following rumaiks . 
" IVhat till* chungo hi to bo, we daru not even conjecture, 
but we m- In tbe bciiveus Ihemselvaflsome traces of de- 
alructlvo elumontH nnd some indications of their power. 
The fragmouta of broken planets — tho descent of meteor- 
ic Ktones upon our globe— the wheeling comets welding 
their loo.'B material at tbo eolnr surface— the volcauic 
cruptlonM In our own «itetlile — tbo appearance of new 
xturs and tho disappear nee of Others, are all for«sbadowH 
of that Impeudlng convulsion to which tbe system of the 
world l> doomed. ThuH placed ou n planut which is to 
be burned up, and under heavens which are to pa«* 
nway; thus residing, na It wore, on tbe cemeteries nnd 
dwelling upon the mnu^oleums of former worlds, let us 
Ic.u'ti the leison of humility nnd wl^idom, If wc have not 

filruaily been taught in the school of revelation." In 

Portland, Oregon, recently, a bridegroom, Mortimer 
Stump, wiw killed by bin fdther-in-law, Danforth Ualeh, 
a farmer. Tho young gentleman eloped with Dalch s 
tliughter, and married licr. The old man laid in wait 

fiir him aud shot him The number of deaths in 

Philadelphia for the yoar 186S, wne 10,0j2. showing a 
Ueereusc of forty-eight from the morlAllty of the prevlouM 

year Jack Dibble, a colored man, died In the poor- 

hou«e at Uronkrield, Connecticut, recently, at the ad- 
vanced ago of one hundred auU ten years. Jack vaa 
brought liom Africa to this country a* o slave, and for 
uniny years was owned by Col. Dibble of Banbury. ... A 
rccunt loiter from P,irlB says: "A rather new nnd fage- 
ulous mulhod of pushing one's fortune Is tbe sul^ject of 
onversatlou here. Attending fuueruls U so arranged in 
Paris that nn oppnrtunity of scraping ncquaiutancc with 
tntlueutlal people, either at Pure-la-Chuise, or in tho 
mortuary apartment, or at the eorvico la oliuroh, is loo 
good a cliaucu to be thrown away. A lately deceased 
gentleman, who had been made a • prefet de department,' 
to the wonder of bis friends, nctually obtained that powt 
by nffilduous atlojidnncc on the ob«c((ulus of folks wlieru 
be was likely to meet iitat«.«men, tbe minister who &p- 
polnti'd hliii taking It (or granted that be belonged tu a 
very high ohw» of oorieiy from cuDJ>tiinlly ncciug bim ot 

thesn grand igatherlngs." Stnikoich's opera troupe 

is brokou -Bp, Mid Madame Str.ikosuh, Pnrodl, Dc Wll- 
horst and Aniodio hare gone Roiitb on a gnind concert 
tour, . . . Slgnora l^erriirl, an nceonipltahed It-ilian prima 
doniin, died recently of lyphui fever at Piinnma. She 
was ou ber way lo fnlUI engagements in South Ameri- 
ca Id tho window of the library, No. 212 Ituu de 

Itlviili, Paris, tbent has lately been evbtbiteil an engnved 
portrait of Mr. Churlo Dlchens, with n beard n In irn/'r- 
rh'r, ■Ittlng at n de~<k in a thoughtful posilion, and writ- 
ing. The police entered the shop the other day and told 
the proprietor in very angry terms lo lake tbe engraving 
out of the window. They mistook Mr. DUkens's porlnit 

for a carii ature of the emperor Thu Philadelphia 

Evening BuUclin records the last hull. It says: " We 
were talking with tbe editor of a certain foolhardy feat 
of Ills at the Falls of Niiignni. ■ Yes, sir.' exelainied bo, 
' it was an absurd risk ; and I confcjii, that if my fnot 
hnti slipped, and T Inid been >1rowncd, I shoiiM have de- 
served to be laughed at fur my fbtly during the remain- 
der of my days!" William Cobbett, iiliiis "Peter 

Porcupine," during his sojourn in the United States, 
waa oRtu facetious lu well OS niatiguant. OA one may see 
by nn elaborate j'u ircsjirit entitled, " Peter Porcupine's 
Will," in which he ridicules his enemies in « very amU'<- 
Ing manucr. Here are .oome of the items ; "Item. To 
F, A. Muhleuburg. I-^q , late f^pcakcr of the United Slater 
llousc of IUiprc»DtAtlves, I leave a most superbly Bu- 
iNbe<l statue of Jntrirs." "Item. To the editors of the 
Boston Cbroniolo, tho New York Argus, and the Phila- 
delphlu Merchouts' Advertiser. I will bequeath one ounce 
of modesty and love of truth, to be cjually divided 
among them. 1 should havo been more libvnil In this 
bequeMt were I not well Ofaured that one ounee is more 

than they will ever make use of." II is estimated 

that one thou»>and deck hoiidn and deck pB.<«eiigerfi have 
been lo?t overbonH from thu nisslsslppi iitennier^ during 
the past }vat, iudep«odeiU of tiirve huudnd and Qlly- 



nlne Io«t by o<^eldent lo the boat* IhrmwIvM The 

deullsf of Indiana nrr about lo form u Slat* a-sociatlon. 
Their will be molar, with the motto " we f"" 

g„[|i.-r," NhhoiM I/ingworth. the vine grower of 

Cincinnati, pay* thirteen thouKand five hundred and 

ninety dollnr* and twelve eenUi annual tAX« The 

Albany 8Undard»latc« that a certain railroad company 
ItiU'ly employed a female to watch a Mi^pe. ti-d conductor, 
and she pretended to he eruy, and would slick to the 
train, 8bo put a pin In her dre*s for e wry passenger, 
and »oon showed the conductor short iu hl« cash ac- 
count. .... -The whole of the queen^s British regiment* 
now serving in India are armed with tho BnBelU ri- 

(lo By railroad acelJenU In the UolU-d 9taU-.N In 

J8fi8, 1(13 per.*ona were killed ond 22!3 were Injured. By 
■tuamboiit aoeldonts. lo tbe lakes nnd rivers In 1858. there 

was occasioned a low of 3iM lives Mr. II. K. Brown, 

who designed the bronie statue of Wonhinglon In Union 
Sniiarc, New York, hai Juil finished a llfe-slH! bust of 
Uuneril Scott. Ue will pas-s bis wlnt'-r iu Wa«hington, 
where ho U now engaged on a, bust of Mr. Brccken- 

ri,lgy Blerflladt, the artist, intends to start shortly 

for one or two year*' mmble through tho Itoe.ky Mouu- 
talnji, sketching thu scenery, and studying the manners 

and customs of the Indians Miss M.vry Brawley of 

Hartford won a gold bracelet at a ball in lliiH city, re- 
cuntly, for will/lng without cc««atiou for fifty-one min- 
utes, having disUncod all the other Terpfiehorcan com- 
petiioni, Iler partner, flir. Oiirdinor K Oreeu, was pre- 
sented ot tho same time with a silver cup Got. 

Banks, in Ills addn.',-*", says that stcp.i bare alre.idy been 
In^ieu for the purehow of the old Hancock Ilouse, iu 
Beacon Street, a« an executive mannion. and thu subject 
Is commended as a proper one for the cou.'idcrikllon of 
tho legisl.ituru OU the birthday of the " Father of his 
Country." 




Matters in Qeneral. 

The London Times seems to think It uiselcEs to keep up 
a squadron ou the coast of Africa,— The English press 
does not like the honors paid to Prince Alfred on the con- 
tinent, aud thinks he ought to be Irealed aa uMmpte 
midshipman.— Bnrnuro haj be«n lecturing in London on 
" Money-SIaklog ■' with great success — Thu emperor of 
Franco has remitted tho mitigated penalty of tho court 
of appeals lu Montrtlcmbert's cose and pardoned hi.s pub- 
lisher unconditionally.— Fnince haa agreed to support 
England In ciiso of difficulty with the Unil<;d States —Mr. 
Paul Morpby, the American chess champion has been 
again victorious in Paris.— President Buchiinan s remarks 
about Cuba are still tho subject of indignant comment 
iu Spain.— The French garrison will probably be removed 
from Home to ClviUi \'fcehia,— Sei'iou* diBturbunces be- 
tween the selUiers nnd tho people have occurred at Milan 
]atoly._Tbo areh-duche.*s Marie Anne lately died at 
Vieuuo.— The Uussian government is about to cstabli.^h 
a naval station In China.- The Americans thn'ttlcu to 
bombard JalTa if atonement for the murder of nn Ameri- 
can fiimlly is not made,— A roeonclliatiou of Affghanistau 
with Persia haj lakou place. 
Slam. 

Accounts have been received from Bangkok, the capital 
of Slam, which mention the arrival there of M. deCas- 
lelnnu, the Frcuch Consul, After the olUciul reception, 
the hlog iiiviled tbo consul to a grand banquet, which 
was served in a hall having on one side a large aviary, 
containing the most magnitltcnt birds, aud on the other 
a largo courtyard, in which were a number of elcphanl.t, 
some of them almost in a wild state. Military music 
played during the eotertuiuiiient. When the consul left 
thu palace, the king gave orders tinit be should be eon- 
ducted to tbe grautt pagoda of thu palace, which contains 
Innumerable ornameuts and gigantic idols in gold and 
glitturhig with pu'Cious stones. 

Statue of Napoleon. 

The Fiiiuch government has dct«rmhied to erect n 
statue of Napoleon I. iu tho island of St. Ilcteua on an 
elevnt^>d site couimuudlug a view of the sea. A captain 
of engineers is entrusted with the cKccution of the work. 
The liousus occupied by Ihc founder of the Nnpoleouto 
dynasty, or by lho*e who nccompauicd him into captivi- 
ty, ariMilso to be rebuilt. Our reader* are aware that 
they nnd the gnjuud ou which they stitud have been pur- 
chased by the Fretieh government. An old olficer of the 
Freneh army has been eent to St. Helena with the title 
aud functions of "guardian-conservator" of the em- 
peror's tomb. 
Malta. 

The Malta Observer says ■' We feel great pK-a^urc in 
being ablu to stale that our proposal to publish a journal 
iu Maltese has been approved by tbe several gimltemeu 
who desire to fee that langu^u more generally read by 
the inhabitants of this Island. Some of them have, iu 
fact, kindly offered to assUt in the preparation of inslrue- 
live matter for publication; aud we trust that we shall 
be abla ere long to convince those who are still wavering 
of the possibility of writing a language which is spoken 
by about 1:10,000 inhabitouts." 

BuHBiau Amnteura, 

The St. Peterslmrgh public if at thi.? time divided into 
two camps— that of tbe amalour.t of danrtog, aud that 
of the amateurs of music. The fornu-r inscribe upon 
their t^taudiird tho name of Bosati. aud tbe latter rally 
undi r the Hag of Madame Boslo The singing party ia 
most uumerous, and ban had a rich banquet In "La 
Traviata," ■' lUgoletto," and other operas in which the 
French artiste al«ays eucbants her hearers. 

A Moon Honx. 

A letter from Florence »ys that an Italian attronomer 
has just construclcil a telescope of such uxtraordinury 
power that he has been enabled to phoiogmpli the cclvs- 
tial rouslellations nnd obt.iiu a proof that tho moon is 
iahublted. He ho.* .-een ii certain iiuniler of aulmnls 
and uien. This seems lo be a*rv-hiL*U of the American 
I mt'ou-UiMi-v 



Homeopathy. 

They (ell a prutty good story of a rich old fellow wbo 
had a bad cold and sent for a homeopathic doctor, who 
ordeiwd him every day to auicil of a phiil, the rcent of 
wblvh wa* scarcely purceptible. liettlng no tnicr, tbe 
millionnuiru ordered the doctor to pre»enl his bill. Tho 
doctor a*ked 500 francs. Tbe pntieut lu a rage, pulled 
out a bank note, pa*>ed It under the doctor's no-e, and 
then put it back in bis pocket-book, saying; "■There! 
I pay you as you physicked me. You ought to U- as 
well luitiFQed a> I am well cured! ' 

PariBian CutenesH. 

A new trTidc has rprung up In Parll, wlicr,; a store 
for the sale of second hand gloves, eluanscd. Is driving 
an excellent buslucss. Agents an- emplojud ti tt.ivel 
and purchase from the eervanla of thu gentry and no. 
bility the cast-oil gloves of thulr masters and miotrcrse^, 
which arc procured at tho ml« of five cents a pair, and 
are sold after being cleansed to folks of ccouomieal but 
genteel tendencies for twenty cents. 

The Grand Duke Conetanttne. 

The vi.-itof the C-ratid Duke Constantine to Paris was 
incognito. He went about as a eiliu'o, aud liadugotid 
time geiiei-ally. Ho dined quietly with thu empurur at 
the Tullerles, woe driven by Louis to the Ciistlo uf Vin- 
cenncs. went to see the Huguenots at tho opent, and lo 
BunlT'S Pari fitns to laugh at "Orpheus," eat a copltul 
dinner at thu Troii F^«cs, and so departed. 

New Projects. 

A number of individuals In Ibe city of London have 
petitioned Parliament to pass n law autborining them to 
construct a commodious carriage-way under some of thu 
principal streets, und others ask that they may be al- 
lowed to lay down subten-aneau pipes through which, by 
atmospheric pressure, they may irannmll letters and par- 
cels to diiTcrcDt pottiouB of that metropolis. 

Naples. 

The king of N.iples has given frc^h proof of the terrors 
he ex|jcrieuccs, In forbidding lli.^lori tho netres.i to enter 
his dominions. Thu upplaucc bestowed on cerbtin patri- 
otic scutimenls in some of her parts at Parma and Flor- 
ence i'lspired King Ferdinand with the fear that she 
might bring a revolution concealed in the fulds of licr 
tragic robe. 

Padua, Italy- 

t^uite recently a veterinary professor of the University 
of Padua was stabbed in the open street by an unknown 
hand, inste-td of tbe Counsellor liossi, the director of 
tbo police, whose doom had been announced by inscrip- 
tions on the Willis in eharcual. The arm which eseeulcd 
this sentence mistook its victim, and an innocent person 
fell. 

The Bnfperor of Buaata. 

Thv Journal dt C/ifrbourg says that Napoleon III. will 
vbit that city In the month of May next, to inspect the 
iinpetiai Jucht " L'Aigle," which will he then ready, und 
that he will be accompanied by the C^ar Alexander. 
From France, the cm r wilt go to Lngland. s o OS not to 
cKcitc the jealousy of the little queeu. 

Qeneral Felet. 

Geaernl Pclet of the French army was lately buried 
under arms. He was a gallant and intelligentofTicer, but 
noted ior his blunders and abseut-mindedneHs. One day 
seeing two brothers who served under bim passing his 
window, be said lo bis aid-de-camp, "How mucli alike 
those two young follows ate—jiartieitlarli/t/it youngest ."' 

The Papal States. 

In the Papal SUt'.'S, the pontiflcal governor has had 
fome trouble In colleeliog tbe taxes, and is said to have 
been ou the point of asking the aid of the Fivnch troops. 
But General Guyou Ueelured that be should detail none 
of his men for such u purpose. It wigUl do for Itomau 
or Austrian soldiers. 

The African Pirates. 

trance and Spain have united for tbe purpose of ex- 
terminating the pirate.^ of the northern coast of Africa, 
When Italy is fne, aud the Isthmus of Sues cut, France, 
Spain and Iiuly will be the undisputed mistresses of the 
Mediterranean. 

Rusbiaa Biblo Society. 

The Kuciiiuu Bible Society was utterly cheeked nnd 
sucpeniled by the Ci^r Niehoian Ilio fott Alcxaudur has 
not only restored it, but has given it about 316,000, und 
jiromised it a yearly gift of §2500. 

Madame Anna Bishop. 

Miidiimf Aurja Bi.-^hnp, tbo celebrated vocalist, is ful- 
tillliig an erig.igvnjout iu England nith M. .luUien. 



NEW PtJBLIOATIONS. 

Staeet TuoKonis, By IIknrv M. Dexteb, Pastor of Pine 
Stre«t Church, P.ostoii. Boston: Crosby, Nichols & 
Co, 12mo. pp. m 185U, 

The author of these very well written sketches, tokes 
his theme from out>loor life, the sl[<lit.H und jcem-s of thu 
eity Bugge.iiing ideas and comuients. Much nseful in- 
struction is convejud in this pleuKiut way. The book Is 
illustrated by BiLliitga. 

Nfw Mvsic— Oliver Dilson !i Co,. 277 Washington 
Street, havp just published '■ Maggie of Nantucket." a 
song, mu.'ir l)y .1. U. Faekurd; ■ O, esk not uiy bwirt if 
it love thee." words by Mrs. L. B Dcmiiig; " Ko, I CBU- 
nol forget thee," wnnls and music by .lames II, Pbctps; 
and "Threads of Gold," a ballad, by M. W. Halle. 

W.^VEHLKv Novels. HousBnoto EniriON. A^SB or 
OciKH^TSiN. 2 vols. Boston: 'X'icknor & Fields 
Tbuugh not ranking with the most popular of Scott's 
romance.*, " Anne of tleierstein : or, the Maiden of the 
Mii't." is not vuthout many gleams of that snn-et splen- 
dor which illumined tbe ck)*e of the great dovpIIhi's lit- 
erary career. 11 Is rvinarkable as illust rating ihatep«ie> 
of clairvoyance wlileh is one of Ibe nttiibnies of genius, 
and which emibles Its possessor lo rfptcribe di^tant scenes 
tllal he never ultnesi-e'l as if actually moving beTorv bis 
eyes. Tho volumes beloru us have two floo ergrttviDgs, 
oue n-prt'suntiii^ thu " Maid of the Mist in bur piotur- 
esque i ii.-mnie, the other Ibe " Desrh of QuveU Mor- 
g.itct," ffKUi Ibe pencil ot ILe i^lebrultrd Gilbert. 



BALLOU'S PICTOrvIAL DRAWING-ROOM COMPANION. 



79 



ISliitorial ftlrlansc. 

A latly in New Orleans named Owens, who3o 
first husband stiiiandcrcd her fortune of S30.C00 
jn a rear, nnd whose second husband was in 
Mniiicncd iirtamstances, lanly committed sui- 
*ide by '"l^""? biudanum.- The I'aris corre- 
spondent of the New York Herald snys, "in 
miliiory circles there is a prcdyrainant fuilh thai 
Ihc emperor intends to find something for the 
nimy 10 impossible to enter any soci- 
where the ' services ' congregate, without find- 

, that one Bul'joct absorbs every other— the 
losi-ibility of measuring swords with En;;tand. 
The presence of an Entjlibhmiin, as i'dr as I have 

been able to judge, docs not deter tliem. A 

^^yiipman has been victimizing tbo clergymen 
[,( Itoehcsier, N. Y., by rcpreseming himself as 
,1 convened Hominu'St from Montreal, desirous 
o( preparing himself nt Beloit College for the 

I>rolc5tant ministry. Commander Maury, in 

one of his lectures on the "Highways and By- 
iMivs of tbo Ocean," states that animal matter, 
111 the botioin of the deep sea, owing to the su- 
j.^rincuinftcnt pressure, the exclusion of light and 
|i(!3l and tlie saline properties of the water, can- 
not decompose, but must remain precisely in the 
^t»lo in which it is deposited, for ages nnd 

n„P5, Major Samuel Barnes, connected with 

llio press of UaUimore for a number of years, died 

lately, aged '2. We underitimd that John R. 

Thompson, EBfj., editor of the Southern Literary 
Messenger, has prepared four popular lectures to 
be delivered before public bodies, upon the fol- 
lowing subjects, viz., " Virginia in tin Olden 
Time," "Paris in its Eternal Aspects," "The 
Ocean and the Mountains as Sources of InspLr- 
jition." and one other. Mr. Thompson is an ac- 
complished writer and popular speaker. What 

arc called by the natives " Singing Shells," arc 
i|iiile common at Ceylon ; and the Corfu snail, if 
irritated by a touch, emits a distinctly audible 

sound, in a querulous tone. A petition is 

being prepared and signed by many citizens of 
Boston, engaged in the livery stable, express, 
nnd jobbing business, nnd otliers who are obliged 
lo use horses and vehicles in their business, pray- 
ing that the Metropolitan Railroad Company 
siiall be prohibited from removing the snow, by 
using their snow-ploughs, or by any oilier means, 
at any lime there is a fall of snow sufficient to 

make sleighing. Wo hear that tbo eminent 

bouse of Barings will form a more intimate con- 
nection with the American trade during the com- 
ing year, a nephew of Mr. Bates and ft nephew of 
Mr. Baring going in as partners of a Wall Street 

house already established. From the annual 

Ti-'port of the "Mayor's Squad of Police," New 
York, it appears that the arrests of lottery deal- 
ers, ^amijlers and mock-auction swindlers, num- 
bering 632, have not resulted in a single convic- 
tion. The raid against bogus gift enterprises 
resulted in the breaking up of 185, and the 
amount of money intercepted at the post-office 
hetwten S.20,000 and S.10,000. It is estimated 
that iho support of gambling,