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Full text of "Baltimore : its history and its people"

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975.202 
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1359861 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 02167 276 8 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/baltimoreitshist03hall 




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BALTIMORE 



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ITS HISTORY AND ITS PEOPLE 



BY VARIOUS CONTRIBUTORS 




VOLUME III— BIOGRAPHY 



LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

NEW YORK CHICAGO 
1912 



BASEMENT 







Copyright, 191 2, by 
LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 



OWEN DALY 

Mark Daly, father of Owen Daly, was a native of Ireland, and came 
to this country with his wife in 1827, and died here about 1900. At first he 
made his home in New Haven, Connecticut, later taking up his permanent 
residence in Baltimore, Maryland. In the latter city he was engaged for 
many years in the wholesale grocery and feed business, in which he was 
eminently successful, and from which he retired about forty years prior to 
his death. He married Mary Maconnon, also born in Ireland, and they 
were blessed with six children, of whom those now living (1912) are: 
Owen, see forward; John T., secretary and treasurer of the Maryland 
Dredging Company of Baltimore. l»'^Sf)H^ii_ 

Owen Daly, son of Mark and Mary ' (Maconnon j iDaly, was born in 
Baltimore, Maryland, June 24, i860. His education was obtained at Cal- 
vert Hall, which he left in 1876, and entered the employ of what was at 
that time one of the largest banking houses of the city of Baltimore, but 
which is no longer in existence. In this financial institution he had the best 
opportunities of learning, in a most thorough and practical manner, every 
tr, detail connected with the class of affairs generally managed by a banking 
^^ concern, and he was not slow to profit by the advantages thus offered. He 
■N continued with this bank until 1892, when he founded the banking and 
^ brokerage firm of Daly & Company, of which he is the head, his associate 
^ being Thomas J. Jeanerette. This is one of the largest banking institutions 
^ in the city, owing to the progressive ideas introduced and maintained by 
'2 Mr. Daly. His reputation for ability as an enterprising manager has re- 
■7 mained unassailed, and his clear head and well-trained mind are frequently 
;:^ consulted by others. He is a member of the Baltimore Stock Exchange, and 
*^" was at one time a member of the governing board of this body ; he has 
•C served as a director in the United States Fidelity and Guaranty Company, 
"^ and also in the Central Trust Company, the latter being now extinct. In 
^ recent years he has refused all directorships and all club memberships. In 
w;;) political matters he is an Independent Democrat, but has never taken an 
^ active part in political controversies nor sought public office, his business 
V responsibilities engrossing the major part of his time. As a patriotic citizen 
he takes an intelligent interest in public policies and his advice is often 
sought. Large of nature, thorough and upright, while he is a successful 
^' moneymaker, he is proportionally generous in his contributions to all 
0^ benevolent projects. 

^ Mr. Daly married, in 1888, Anna Helman, and has had four daughters 

^ and two sons. Mrs. Daly is a woman of gracious tact and refinement, and it 
^ is small matter for wonder that her husband finds little to attract him in 
<;J club membership. Their home is noted for its open-handed hospitality, and 
"^ the natural and unrestrained tone of the sociability which prevails there 
•^ makes it a very attractive spot to a large circle of friends. Mr. Daly is de- 
^ voted to his wife and family, and his cultivation of this ideal home life 
seems to be the only hobby he entertains. The success of his enterprises 
sufficiently denotes the quality of his mind and the vigor of his physical 
vitality. Courageous, cheerful, ready and alert to opportunity, untiring 
in labor and masterly in his management of men, Mr. Daly owes his suc- 
cess to his own efforts and the qualities inherited from a vigorous and dis- 
tinguished ancestry. 



490 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 



ERNEST JUDSON CLARK 

Among the younger business men of the City of Baltimore, Maryland, 
there are not many who fill the space in the community, and command the 
attention of the chronicler of passing events, as does Ernest Judson Clark, 
a man of more than ordinary merit, and one who possesses in a special 
manner the confidence of his fellows. He is the State Agent of the John 
Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company, for Maryland and the District 
of Columbia. 

The ancestry of Mr. Clark is a most interesting one. By three lines of 
descent in Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland he traces the family to 
England. It is due to the remarkable military ability of General George 
Rogers Clark, of the Virginia branch of his family, that the United States 
received the territory which is now known as the States of Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin, and the record attained by General Wil- 
liam Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition in his exploration of the 
Northwest stands out as one of the most important pieces of American 
history. 

(I) John Clark, immigrant ancestor of this branch of the Clark family, 
was born in England, being a lineal descendant of John Clark, of Cam- 
bridge, to whom was granted the family coat-of-arms in 1632, and came 
to America prior to the war of the Revolution, settling in Southampton 
county. Virginia, bearing his share bravely in the Revolutionary struggle, 
and died in the Continental army during the latter part of March, 1779. 

(II) James Clark, son of John Qark, was born in Southampton county, 
Virginia, September 3, 1765, and migrated to Ohio in March, 1797, where 
he became one of the early judges in the Cincinnati courts and a member 
of the first Ohio State Legislature. He also was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary war. He died September 4, 1852, at Clough, Ohio. 

(III) Orson Clark, son of James Clark, was born in Virginia, February 
6, 1792. He was an extensive land owner near Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1815 
he married Nancy, daughter of John Corbly Jr., a Baptist minister, son of 
John Corbly, also a Baptist minister, who was born in England in 1733, 
came to Virginia when a young man, and died in the "Redstone" district, 
now known as Greene county, Pennsylvania, in 1803. 

(IV) Benjamin Franklin Clark, son of Orson and Nancy (Corbly) 
Gark, was born at Qough, Ohio, June 26. 1832, and has spent a useful hfe 
in the pursuit of agriculture, in which he has been eminently successful, 
but is now retired from active business. He is a land owner near Newtons- 
ville, Ohio. He is a man of fine presence and intellect, and while never 
actively a worker in political matters, has given his support when he deemed 
it necessary to the general welfare of his community by serving in a num- 
ber of positions of trust and responsibility. He married Sarah, daughter of 
Joseph Roudebush, and granddaughter of Daniel Roudebush Jr., and great- 
granddaughter of Daniel Roudebush, who removed from Frederick county, 
Maryland, to Goshen, Ohio, in 1799 or 1800. The Roudebushes are of 
Holland Dutch descent, but the wife of Daniel Roudebush Jr., was a lineal 
descendant of Colonel William Ball, the grandfather of Mary (Ball) Wash- 
ington, mother of General George Washington. Colonel William Ball, who 
came to Virginia in 1657, and settled at "Millenbeck" plantation on the 





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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 491 

Rappahannock river, was a descendant of William Ball, Lord of the Manor 
of Barkham, Berks, England, who died in 1480. The wife of Joseph 
Roudebush was the daughter of Adam Lever Jr., who migrated from North- 
umberland county, Pennsylvania, and settled near Goshen, Ohio, and whose 
father, Adam Lever, was a native of Alsace-Lorraine, who emigrated to 
America and settled in Eastern Pennsylvania. 

(V) Ernest Judson Clark, son of Benjamin Franklin and Sarah 
(Roudebush) Clark, was born near Newtonsville. Ohio, June 27, 1872. He 
has inherited the strong constitution and robust frame of his ancestors, and 
his early life was a particularly happy one, comprising as it did the training 
which a boy receives on a large farm, with much time spent in the enjoy- 
ment of outdoor sports, and in following his natural inclination in the study 
of plant and animal life, in which he has not lost his interest up to the 
present time. His elementary school education was received in the town 
of Newtonsville, and he then attended the Lebanon University at Lebanon, 
Ohio, from which he was graduated in 1890. During this period of his life 
a taste was cultivated for diversified and liberal reading which he has in- 
dulged whenever the demands made upon him by his business and social 
duties have permitted. Shortly after his graduation he engaged in teaching 
for one year in Western Ohio, and in June, 1891, entered the life insurance 
business with the firm of R. Simpson & Sons, state agents for the Mutual 
Benefit Life Insurance Company of Ohio. He filled the position of solicitor, 
traveling special agent and assistant superintendent of agents for the State 
during the following three years. He then resigned his position in favor 
of that of superintendent of agents for the John Hancock Mutual Life In- 
surance Company for Ohio and West Virginia, of which company J. C. 
Campbell was State agent with headquarters at Columbus, Ohio. His 
executive ability in this capacity soon manifested itself so plainly, and 
clearly showed him to be the right man in the right place, that the company, 
January i, 1897, transferred him to Baltimore as State agent for Maryland 
and the District of Columbia, with offices in Baltimore and Washington. At 
this time he was not yet twenty-five years of age, being the youngest man 
who had ever been appointed to such a position by his company. His record 
proves that the officers of the company made no mistake in selecting him 
for this important office, as in the fourteen years which have elapsed since 
his appointment, he has built up an unusually large and profitable business, 
established himself as a man of influence, and earned the respect of all 
with whom he has come in contact. Mr. Clark was one of the organizers 
of the Baltimore Life Underwriters' Association in 1900, served as its sec- 
retary until 1904, when he became its president. As secretary of the Na- 
tional Association of Life Underwriters, he served from 1904 to 1907 ; in 
the latter year he was urged to accept the presidency, but he declared that 
it was not possible for him to devote the amount of time to the presidency 
of the National body which he considered the duties and responsibilities of 
the office required, and declined the honor. On January 13, 191 1, Mr. Clark 
was appointed by the Circuit Court of Baltimore City as one of the re- 
ceivers for the United Surety Company of Baltimore, which went into 
voluntary liquidation on that date, Mr. Clark being unanimously recom- 
mended by the stockholders of the L^nited Surety Company for this most 
responsible position, he having previously served as its first vice-president 
and one of its directors. The literary contributions of Mr. Clark have been 
largely confined to technical writings pertaining to the life insurance busi- 
ness with which he is so closely identified; in this field he is regarded as an 
authority. His earlier studies have been amply supplemented by later 



492 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

reading. tra\-el and observation, and this wide range of experience makes 
of him a very companionable man. He has never aspired to holding public 
office, but has always cast his vote with the Republican party. His religious 
affiliations are with the Baptist church, and for many years he has served as 
treasurer of the Eutaw Place Baptist Church of Baltimore. He holds mem- 
bership in the following clubs and organizations : Baltimore Country Club, 
2^1erchants" Club. Maryland Historical Society, National Geographical So- 
ciety, various ^Masonic bodies, including both Scottish Rite and Templar 
Masonrv. being a thirty-second degree member of Chesapeake Consistory, 
Xo. I. Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, and a member of Beauseant 
Commandery. No. 8. Knights Templar, of Baltimore; the Baptist Social 
Union of Baltimore, of which he is president ; the Society for the Suppres- 
sion of \'ice, of which he is a member of the board of managers ; National 
Association of Life Underwriters, of which organization he is at the present 
time chairman of the committee on laws and legislation ; the Baltimore and 
District of Columbia Life Underwriters' associations and the Washington 
Chamber of Commerce. 

On October 13, 1910, the Ohio Society of Maryland was organized 
through the influence of Mr. Clark, with a membership of Ohio's sons, com- 
posed almost exclusively of professional, scientific and business men of un- 
usual prominence and influence in the State of Maryland. Mr. Clark was 
unanimously elected the society's first president. 

On November 14, 1900, he married Marie Breson de La Tour, and has 
one son and two daughters. Mrs. Clark is the daughter of Louis de La 
Tour, of Lynchburg. Virginia, formerly of Paris, France. She is a lineal 
descendant of General Charles de La Tour, the first governor of Nova 
Scotia, after whose wife she was named. General de La Tour was also the 
grandfather of Theophile de La Tour d'Auvergne, known as the "First 
Grenadier of France". De La Tour was the family name of the Bouillon 
dukedom, and the great French marshal, Turenne, second son of the Duke 
de Bouillon, was named Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne. Mr. Clark has in 
his life the elements of greatness because of the use he has made of his 
talents and of his opportunities, his thoughts being given to the mastery of 
praiseworthy problems and the fulfillment of his duty as a man in his rela- 
tions to his fellowmen, and as a citizen in his relations to his State and his 
country. In private life his amiable and generous disposition has endeared 
him to many friends. 



CHARLES GOLDSBOROUGH 

In every land there are certain families whose history is so closely inter- 
woven with that of the nation that it is impossible to write one without, in 
some degree, recording the other. Of this fact there are many illustrious 
intances on both sides of the sea, but in the state of Maryland there is, per- 
haps, none more notable than that of the Goldsboroughs. In legislative 
halls, in the councils of statesmen, on the bench and at the bar, on the battle- 
field and in the counting-room, the members of this family have powerfully 
influenced the destinies of their State and of the Nation. In more than 
one of these fields of endeavor distinction was achieved by the late Charles 
Goldsborough. during the Civil War a brave officer of the Confederacy and 
for many years a prominent business man of Baltimore. 

The Goldsborough family is of Engli.sh origin, and was planted on the 
Eastern Shore of Maryland by Nicholas Goldsborough, who came from Dor- 






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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 493 

setshire, England, in 1636, and from that time to the present the many 
notable deeds of his descendants have been very closely woven into the 
history of the Colonies and the annals of the establishment and development 
of this Commonwealth. 

Charles Goldsborough, grandfather of the honored citizen of Baltimore 
who bore his name, was a son of Charles and Anna Maria (Tilghman) 
Goldsborough, and in 1794 graduated from the University of Pennsylvania. 
He began his congressional career in 1805 and served his district without 
interruption until 181 7. During these years the bitter opposition of the 
Republicans (or Democrats, as they would now be called) to the Federalists 
developed, and Mr. Goldsborough, as the champion of his party, was in 
the thickest of the fray. His terms in the Lower House of Congress wit- 
nessed the beginning of the battle between the war party and the anti-war 
party ; they witnessed the second conflict with England, and they incident- 
ally witnessed the closing days of the Federal party. After the completion 
of Governor Ridgely's administration the Federalists in the General Assem- 
bly elected Charles Goldsborough as his successor. During Governor Golds- 
borough's term of office the law which countenanced imprisonment for debt 
was repealed by the Legislature, an achievement in the cause of humanity. 
Upon his retirement from office Governor Goldsborough returned to his 
Eastern Shore plantation, where he passed the remainder of his life. Gov- 
ernor Goldsborough married, in 1795, Elizabeth Goldsborough, of Myrtle 
Grove, Talbot county, who died, leaving two daughters : Elizabeth Greens- 
bury, who married the Hon. John Leeds Kerr, and Anna Maria Sarah, who 
became the wife of William Henry Fitzhugh. In 1804 Governor Golds- 
borough married Sarah Yerbury, daughter of Charles and Williamina Golds- 
borough, and their children were : William Tilghman, see forward ; Willia- 
mina E. Cadwalader, who married William Laird ; Mary Tilghman, who 
became the wife of William Goldsborough ; Caroline, who married Philip 
Pendelton Dandridge; Richard Tilghman, who married Mary Henry; and 
Charles Fitzhugh, who married Charlotte Henry. Governor Goldsborough 
died December 13, 1834, at Shoal Creek, near Cambridge. 

Robert Henry Goldsborough, brother-in-law by his first marriage to 
Governor Goldsborough, was one of the most picturesque figures of this 
notable family. He was the son of Judge Robert Goldsborough and of his 
wife, Mary Emerson, daughter of Henry Trippe, of Dorchester county, and 
was born January 4, 1779, at Myrtle Grove, Talbot county. After gradu- 
ating from St. John's College. Annapolis, his early years were given up 
largely to social enjoyments and the usual pleasures of country gentlemen 
of fortune. Later, however, when he entered political life, he proved him- 
self one of the ablest statesmen Maryland has ever produced. His birth, 
education, training, all tended toward the crystallization of the principles 
which the Federalist party stood for, and those principles were persistently 
and consistently maintained throughout his life. In 1803 he was elected to 
to the House of Delegates, notwithstanding the fact that a majority of the 
delegation were Republicans and Democrats. In 1807, when war with 
Great Britain was threatening, he raised a troop of horse in his county, of 
which he was elected captain. In 1812, after war had broken out, although 
he had been a most strenuous opponent of it, he took an active part in de- 
fending the county from the incursions of the enemy occupying the Chesa- 
peake, and was personally present in command of his troop at the afifair of 
St. Michaels in 1813. In the same year he was appointed by Governor 
Levin Winder to succeed General Philip Reid as United States Senator, serv- 
ing until March 4, 1819, when he was succeeded by the Hon. Edward Lloyd. 



494 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

His career in the Senate was most creditable. It was said by those best 
quahfied to speak with authority on the subject that he could always get a 
hearing in a house absolutely intolerant of weakness of any kind, and in a 
body including some of the best minds the country has produced he was 
acknowledged to rank with the leaders. After his retirement from the 
Senate Mr. Goldsborough held no public position until 1825, when he was 
elected to the House of Delegates from his county, and in the following year 
he was made one of the Board of Public Works for the Eastern Shore. In 
1827 he was appointed one of a Commission to confer with the authorities 
of the neighboring states with reference to the recovery of fugitive slaves. 
In 1832 he was elected upon the National or Clay ticket as presidential 
elector of the Fourth District of Maryland. In 1835 he was chosen by the 
Legislature to fill the unexpired term of the Hon. Ezekiel F. Chambers in 
the'United States Senate, Mr. Chambers having been appointed chief justice 
of the Second Judicial District of Maryland. He was occupying this distin- 
guished position at the time of his death, which occurred in 1836. Mr. 
Goldsborough was largely instrumental in establishing the Easton Gazette, a 
paper which is still issued. A man of great public spirit, he was a friend 
to internal improvements, to protection of domestic manufactures, to bank- 
ing institutions, to popular education, to associations for benevolent or 
religious purposes. He was a charter member of Coats Lodge, No. 76, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and for five consecutive terms was elected 
Senior Warden of the Grand Lodge of Baltimore. In social life he was the 
delight of every circle that was favored by his presence, and from the 
extraordinary courtesy of his manners and his extreme elegance and refine- 
ment he was styled the Chesterfield of Maryland. 

William Tilghman Goldsborough, son of Charles and Sarah Yerbury 
(Goldsborough) Goldsborough, and father of our late townsman, Charles 
Goldsborough, was born March 5, 1808, in Dorchester county. The ances- 
tral manor, Horn's Point, a few miles below Cambridge, was second to 
no other plantation in that neighborhood in productiveness of soil and 
beauty of situation. Mr. Goldsborough served three terms as senator for 
Dorchester and in 1861 was a member of the Peace Commission. In 1867 
he consented once more to serve his country and his state as a member of 
the celebrated Constitutional Convention. Mr. Goldsborough married Mary 
Eleanor, daughter of the Hon. Edward Lloyd, of "Wye," Talbot county, 
one of the foremost orators of the state, and at one time governor of Mary- 
land, and they became the parents of a son, Charles, see forward. The 
death of Mr. Goldsborough occurred January 23, 1876, in Baltimore. He 
was a "gentleman of the old school" in the best and highest sense of the 
term; of unswerving integrity, untarnished character, and up to the day 
he died was one of the active, able, earnest men who were serving the State 
and Nation in a thousand ethical and material ways. 

Charles Goldsborough, son of William Tilghman and Mary Eleanor 
(Lloyd) Goldsborough, was born in 1839, at Annapolis, and was educated 
with singular care and thoroughness, completing his scholastic training at 
the "Balmar School," West Chester, Pennsylvania. In 1857 he began his 
active business life in Baltimore, entering the counting-house of Lambert 
Gittings & Company, the most extensive shippers of that date in the city. 
The dominant characteristics of leadership which, in his ancestors, led to 
political eminence, early developed in Charles Goldsborough a singular apti- 
tude for commercial mastery, and in four years' time he was tendered a part- 
nership in the firm. 

This ofiFer, flattering to anyone, but doubly so to a man young as Mr. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 495 

Goldsborough then was, he declined. The Civil War had begun, and the call to 
arms was eagerly responded to by this impetuous, valiant young Southerner. 
Forgetting business for the nonce, he straightway cast his fortunes with the 
Confederacy, accepting the post of commissioned officer in the Confederate 
States navy, serving under Captain Smith Lee, a brother of General Robert 
E. Lee, at Drury's Bluff, which, it will be remembered, was the one strong- 
hold never captured. During the troublous days incident to that campaign 
he was ordered to another scene, Captain Lee making a personal application 
to Secretary Mallory for his retention. His commission in the navy came 
from the strong personal recommendation of Admiral Buchanan, an uncle 
by marriage of Mr. Goldsborough, endorsed by General Robert E. Lee. 
The naval service finally becoming useless, he enlisted in the First Mary- 
land Light Artillery, and surrendered at Appomattox. He was one of the 
purest patriots and bravest soldiers that Maryland gave to the Confederacy. 

After the war Mr. Goldsborough again took up an active business 
career, as head of the firm of Goldsborough & Tate, bringing to bear in 
this new sphere of action much of his martial, intrepid spirit. In the con- 
duct of business, as in the whole tenor of his life, he was eminently public- 
spirited, believing that a business man owed much to his city and country. 
His executive ability and force of character made him a power and a leader 
in the commercial world. For many years he had a controlling interest in 
the Wilson Distilling Company, but withdrew his membership. At the time 
of his death he was president of the Highspire Distilling Company. 

Although a soldier and a man whose mind must have been at times 
overwhelmed with the problems of commerce and finance, Mr. Goldsbor- 
ough was never indifferent to the gentler and more graceful aspects of life. 
His personality was singularly attractive, and as a member of the most 
exclusive society of Maryland he was everywhere welcomed. He was presi- 
dent of both the Merchants' and Athenaeum clubs, and governor of the 
Maryland Club, the oldest in the city. The Merchants' club is an aggrega- 
tion of the most influential, opulent and potent citizens of Baltimore. The 
club building is one of the features of the city. The Maryland Club was 
founded by a number of the most cultivated gentlemen of the State for the 
purpose of keeping alive a civilization in some respects peculiar and which 
seemed to be endangered by the progressive spirit of the younger generation. 
At the time that Mr. Goldsborough acted as governor it numbered among its 
members gentlemen from all portions of Maryland, and the close associa- 
tion there established resulted in the perpetuation of that traditional hospi- 
tality of which every Marylander is proud. Gentlemen from all parts of 
the United States and from centres of civilization in Europe have referred 
with enthusiasm to the courtesies received from its members. Mr. Golds- 
borough was also a member of the Elkridge Fox and Hunting Club and held 
membership as well in the Manhattan and Commercial clubs of New York. 
In financial circles his counsels were in request and his acumen as a finan- 
cier readily recognized, a fact testified to by the many and varied trusts 
reposed in him. Among others may be cited his directorship in the National 
Union Bank, a position which he held for many years. 

Mr. Goldsborough married, in 1865, Mary, daughter of James Gait, of 
Fluvanna county, Virginia, an opulent planter and the owner of four 
thousand acres of the finest farming land in the United States. Seven 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Goldsborough, five sons and two 
daughters. The sons were Charles, William Fitzhugh, Robert G., Francis 
C. and Lilburn T. One daughter is the wife of Francis H. Purnell and 
the other is Ellen Lloyd. 



496 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

In the death of Mr. Goldsborough, which occurred May 31, 1903, his 
family and friends sustained an irreparable loss, and Baltimore was be- 
reaved of one of her truest and most devoted sons. Every movement that 
made for the development and betterment of his beloved city had ever had 
his hearty co-operation and support. Perhaps his leading- characteristics 
may be stated as indomitable perseverance in any undertaking he once 
embarked in. boldness of operation in his projects, unusual capacity for 
judging the actions and spirits of men and unfailing loyalty to friends. 
Always willing to listen to and respect the opinions of others, when the 
time came for action he acted for himself and according to his own judg- 
ment. His self-reliance never failed him. His unerring estimate of men 
enabled him to fill the many branches of his business with those who seldom 
failed to meet his expectations and requirements. His relations with his 
subordinates were unusually happy, in spite of the strict discipline which 
he knew so well how to maintain without harshness. His clear and far- 
seeing mind enabled him to grasp every detail of a project, however great 
its magnitude. 

Mr. Goldsborough's personal appearance was strikingly prepossessing. 
His face, fine, sensitive, the home of honesty, uncompromising honesty, 
was replete with singular force, expressing thought and courage, with the 
refinement that comes of gentle birth and of scholarship. He hated all 
falsehood and all deceit, but one of the dominant notes in his being was a 
love for his fellowman and when he died a very noble spirit departed. 



CHARLES GOLDSBOROUGH JR. 

It not infrequently happens that the genius of a family, after mani- 
festing itself for successive generations along certain lines, will suddenly 
seem to be diverted into other channels and, while displaying no diminution, 
will expend itself in other directions and on other objects. This has been 
strikingly exemplified in the history of the Goldsborough family, many 
of the members of which, for a century or more, were distinguished as 
statesmen, rulers and legislators, but which, within the last fifty years, has 
developed a genius for commerce. This first manifested itself in the char- 
acter and career of the late Charles Goldsborough, whose sketch precedes 
this in the work, and has descended in full measure to his son. also Charles 
Goldsborough, who has been for the last decade numbered among the 
leading business men of Baltimore. 

Charles Goldsborough, son of Charles and Mary (Gait) Goldsborough, 
was born December 25, 1870, and received his education in the best private 
schools of his native state. He early developed the taste and aptitude for 
commercial life by which his father was distinguished, and decided to 
make the mercantile world the scene of his life-work. When Mr. Golds- 
borough entered upon his active business career with the firm of Ulman, 
Goldsborough & Company, he began at the bottom and worked up. There 
was not a detail nor a department of the business of which, in the course 
of years, he did not become entirely master, and beyond all doubt, his sub- 
sequent success is largely due to the experience and knowledge gained 
during the years of his apprenticeship. The firm of Ulman, Goldsborough 
& Company, which owned and controlled the Highspire Distilling Company, 
is no longer in existence, having been succeeded by the Highspire Dis- 
tillery Company, Ltd., an enterprise in which the Goldsboroughs, for many 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 497 

years, were not merely holders of a controlling interest, but were, perhaps, 
the most prominent factors in developing it into a world-renowned insti- 
tution. After the change Mr. Goldsborough devoted his entire time and 
attention to the Highspire Distillery Company, Ltd., of which he is now 
the president. He is also president of the Distillery Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company, and is financially, and more or less actively, interested in many 
other enterprises of note in the city. 

Despite these many demands upon his time and thoughts, Mr. Golds- 
borough is no business recluse, no man of one idea. His is a many-sided 
character, one of those rare combinations which would make its presence 
felt in any community in which he might reside. Possessed of a capacity 
for enjoyment that many might envy, he is one of the most companionable 
of men, and is a member of the Baltimore Country Club and the Baltimore 
Athletic Club. The versatility of his intellectual interests is testified to by 
his membership in the Maryland Historical Society and the Original Re- 
search Society. 

Mr. Goldsborough is a man of dignified presence, possessing a large 
amount of mental and physical magnetism. Happily gifted in manner, dis- 
position and tastes, enterprising and original in business ideas, liked most 
by those who know him best, and as frank in declaring his principles as 
he is sincere in maintaining them, his career has been rounded with suc- 
cess and marked by the appreciation of men whose good opinion is best 
worth having. He is withal a man of serious aims, broad in views, cher- 
ishing generous ideals, entertaining in society, conscious of the dignity of 
life. 

Twenty years ago, when Charles Goldsborough was but beginning his 
business career, the people of Baltimore displayed comparatively small inter- 
est in the matter of good municipal government. To-day, our city probably 
leads the country in the activity displayed by the prominent business men 
in civic afifairs. That the Monumental City can claim such a proud position 
of eminence among the great commercial centers of the world is due to the 
efiforts of men like Charles Goldsborough. 



HENRY HOLLYDAY GOLDSBOROUGH 

Henry Hollyday Goldsborough, a well-known lawyer, and for many 
years prominently identified with the public affairs of the State and country, 
was a descendant of a family whose members for some generations have 
been closely in touch with political matters of vital importance. 

(I) Robert Goldsborough, the earliest American ancestor, was born at 
Blandford, county Dorchester, England, in 1660; came to this country in 
1678, and settled at "Ashby", a part of Goldsborough Neck, near Easton. 

(II) John Goldsborough, son of Robert Goldsborough, was a planter in 
Talbot county, and for a period of twenty-nine years was a member of 
the House of Burgesses under the proprietary government. He also served 
as a justice of the peace in the interests of the English government. 

(III) John Goldsborough, son of John Goldsborough, was born in 
Cambridge, Dorchester county, Maryland. He was for many years deputy 
commissioner of wills, and after the Revolution, register of wills. 

(IV) John Goldsborough, the third in a direct line to bear this name, 
was also bom in Cambridge. He followed the profession of law, and at 
the time of his death, in 1840, he held the responsible position of cashier 



498 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

of the Branch Bank of the Farmers' Bank of Maryland, at Easton. He 
married Anna Maria, daughter of Samuel Chamberlaine, of "Bonfield," 
near Oxford. Talbot county. Maryland. 

(\') Henry Hollvdav Goldsborough, son of John and Anna Maria 
(Chamberlaine) Goldsborough, was born in Easton, Talbot county, Mary- 
land. June 22., 1817, and d'led from the effects of a stroke of paralysis, 
November 30, 1899, being the oldest representative of his family at the 
time of his death. His earlier education was acquired at the Easton Acad- 
emy, where he was a student for about seven years and from which he 
went to a private school under the direction of Rev. Joseph Spencer, in 
Talbot county. At the end of about one year he resumed his studies at the 
Easton Academy, in the classical department, and one year later entered 
St. John's College, at Annapolis, completing his collegiate course in two 
years, and being graduated with the highest honors of the senior class. 
He commenced the study of law in the office of his father in the latter part 
of 1839. remaining with him until the death of the latter, August 12, 1840. 
He then took up his studies in the office of Theodore R. Loockerman, where 
he completed them, was admitted as attorney-at-law in the Caroline County 
Court in March. 1841, and in the following spring was admitted to prac- 
tice in the Talbot County Court. In the course of ten years, during which 
he was busily employed, his practice became a large and remunerative one, 
and he combined with this great political activity. 

Early in his career, and again in 1845, he was nominated by the Whig 
party as a representative to the House of Delegates, but in each case was 
defeated by another nominee. As an independent Whig candidate in 1846, 
he succeeded in defeating several other members of the party, who had mis- 
represented his principles during the previous contests. The attorney- 
general of Maryland appointed him, in 1849, deputy-attorney-general for 
Talbot county, an office he filled creditably and acceptably until it was 
abolished, in 1850, by the adoption of the Constitution of that year. The 
following year, being nominated by the Whig party for the office of state's 
attorney, he was defeated by a few votes. In 1852 the Whig State Con- 
vention nominated him as one of the electors for his congressional district 
for the election of General Winfield Scott to the presidency and William A. 
Graham to the vice-presidency. When the Whig party passed out of exist- 
ence and the "Know Nothing" party was organized, Mr. Goldsborough gave 
his allegiance to the Democratic party, and in 1855 the Democratic Conven- 
tion assembled at Cambridge nominated him as a candidate for the office 
of commissioner of public works for the Fourth District, which embraced 
all the counties on the Eastern shore, but he was defeated by a small major- 
ity. In 1856 he was nominated as one of the electors for the First Con- 
gressional District, for the election of James Buchanan and John C. Breck- 
inridge, as president and vice-president, respectively. He, with his col- 
leagues, was an earnest and active worker in the interests of the candidates 
of his party, but the vote of the State was cast for those electors who 
favored the opposing candidates. The Democrats of Talbot nominated Mr. 
Goldsborough for a seat in the House of Delegates in 1857, and the con- 
test, which was a heated and animated one, resulted in the success of Mr. 
Goldsborough. In the State Assembly he was a member of some of the 
most important committees and was a leading spirit in the noted session 
of 1858. In the latter part of 1859, he was elected by the Democratic party 
of Talbot to a seat in the State Senate and became a member at the Janu- 
ary session of i860. He was a member of several important committees, 
and was appointed chairman of the committee on finance. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 499 

Upon the secession of the Southern States he immediately proclaimed 
himself as a supporter of the Union and by his efforts in the Legislature, 
particularly in the Senate, he was largely instrumental in inducing the 
State to remain on the side of the Federal government. At the extra ses- 
sion which commenced in January, 1862, Mr. Goldsborough was president 
of the Senate, and resolutions were passed sustaining the general govern- 
ment in all its efforts and measures to maintain the Union. Although Gov- 
ernor Hicks, January 7, 1862. appointed Mr. Goldsborough as a commis- 
sioner for the State of Maryland to select the articles to be exhibited at the 
Industrial Exhibition in London, the condition of affairs in his own country 
prevented him from accepting this honorable office. June 20, 1862. he was 
commissioned aide-de-camp on the Governor's staff by Governor Bradford, 
with the rank of lieutenant-colonel; in September of the same year the 
Governor commissioned him commandant, with the rank of brigadier-gen- 
eral of the drafted militia. In 1863 he was elected Comptroller of the State 
treasury by the Union party, by a majority of thirty thousand, and in 1864 
he served as president of the convention whose duty it was to frame a new 
constitution and form of government for the State. In the spring of 1864 
the Republican State Convention held in Baltimore elected Mr. Goldsbor- 
ough as a delegate to the National Convention of the party, which nomi- 
nated Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, and he was one of the dele- 
gates-at-large of the party. In November, 1864, the Republican party 
elected him circuit judge of the Eleventh District of the State, for a period 
of fifteen years. At the end of three years he was superseded by other 
judges under the provisions of the constitution adopted September 18, 1867. 
In the year and month just mentioned he was nominated for the office 
of Attorney-General of Maryland by the Republican party, but was de- 
feated by Hon. Isaac D. Jones. In the following year he served as elector- 
at-large in the interests of General Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax, 
and from that year until 1872 he devoted himself to agricultural pursuits. 
In the latter year he resumed his legal practice and supported Horace 
Greeley and B. Gratz Brown in their candidacy for presidential and vice- 
presidential office. The Republican Congressional Convention nominated 
him for Congress from his district in September, 1874. but he was defeated 
by Hon. P. F. Thomas. The position of local appraiser of the Port of Bal- 
timore was tendered him, January 19, 1875, and he discharged the duties 
of this office for a period of ten years. Upon retiring from this office 
he again resumed the practice of his profession, and became greatly inter- 
ested in genealogical work. His researches in this latter direction were 
broad and thorough, making him well acquainted with the histories of the 
old Maryland families, and he was very liberal in imparting this informa- 
tion to all those who displayed the necessary amount of interest in this 
pursuit. 

Judge Goldsborough married (first) in 1852, Anna Maria, daughter 
of Samuel T. Kennard, a farmer of Kent county, Maryland, and they had 
ten children, of whom the following are now living : Louis P., of Balti- 
more, who married Caroline Emory Cheezum ; Nannie, who married Fred- 
erick F. Tapley, and resides in Massachusetts ; Lizzie, who married Rich- 
ard Dozier Jr., and resides in South Carolina ; Mary Hammond and Charles 
Carroll, both residing in New York. Judge Goldsborough married (sec- 
ond) in 1 871, Catherine Caldwell, of Boston, Massachusetts, and had chil- 
dren : 

Katharine, who married G. Adolph Foster ; Anita, who married 
Robert C. Barclay, of New York, now residing in Virginia ; Grace Barclay, 



500 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

who married Thomas J. Payne, of Virginia, now residing in Chicago ; Mar- 
garet Lloyd, residing in Baltimore. 

Judge Goldsborough was a man the memory of whose virtues, social 
qualities and good traits will not permit him to be soon forgotten. He was 
an ardent advocate of any cause he undertook to support, a fluent, elo- 
quent speaker, and not readily to be deprived of his self-possession. He 
was a kind husband and a loving and indulgent father, and his charitable 
donations, while numerous, were always bestowed in an unostentatious 
manner. 



ALEXANDER Y. DOLFIELD 

Throughout the length and breadth of our country we find men who 
have worked their way unaided from the lowest rung of the ladder to posi- 
tions of eminence and power in the community, and not the fewest of 
these have been of foreign birth or descent. The more credit is due them 
for the additional obstacles they have been obliged to overcome, and the 
indomitable courage with which they have been possessed. Financial affairs 
have been especially benefited by this influx of foreign ideas, and those of 
German descent have earned distinction to an even greater extent than those 
of other nations. An example in point is the life of Alexander Y. Dolfield, 
now living retired from business activities, whose unabating energy and 
unfaltering industry, combined with great executive ability, have gained 
for him the sobriquet of the "Mayor of East Baltimore." Unlimited 
strength is the impression conveyed by his appearance and his entire life, 
and the impression is a well founded one. 

Alexander Y. Dolfield was born in Baltimore, near Broadway, October 
lo, 1839, attended the public schools of the city, and was graduated from 
Male Central High School, now the Baltimore City College, in 1857. When 
the school fall sessions opened, he became a teacher in Trinity Lutheran 
School, a position from which he resigned at the expiration of one year in 
order to accept a clerkship in the Franklin Bank, now the First National 
Bank of Baltimore. From the outset of his business career his methods 
were marked by celerity and rapidity of decision, combined with an accu- 
racy which appeared to be almost infallible. Difficult problems appealed 
to him almost as a form of recreation, and his interest in all that formed 
the foundation of progress in commercial and financial lines was intense. 
For thirteen years he was associated with the above mentioned bank, rising 
gradually in rank until 1872, when he resigned, and was officiating as teller. 
At this time, in association with a number of prominent men of the eastern 
section of the city, he organized the German American Bank of Baltimore, 
and he was elected to the position of cashier, an office he filled very capably 
for the lengthy period of twenty-nine years, when he was elected to the 
presidency, July 11, 1900. The bank, which until this time had been 
located in the building which had formerly been the Fells Point Savings 
Bank, purchased this property and some adjoining it, both structures were 
razed, and a beautiful greystone building erected on this enlarged site, 
and it is now one of the ornamental buildings in the city. It is situated 
on South Broadway, is thirty-eight feet wide and sixty feet in depth, and 
has the most luxurious and modern appointments. 

In 1888 Mr. Dolfield was appointed a member of the Bahimore Belt 
Annexation Commission, which recommended that the area of Baltimore 
be increased from fourteen to thirty-two square miles, a measure which 




CiyKjy^ ^^c^^>6^i-^>^lyV-^^^(:L<::.^^-^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 501 

met with universal approval and was at once adopted. This is the only 
public office Mr. Dolfield has ever consented to hold, but he has, neverthe- 
less, been a factor in political circles, as his strong- personaUty, sound judg- 
ment and correct valuation of opportunities has created a following which 
has been of decided importance at critical moments. Naturally energetic 
and a born leader, he has easily been in the foreground in any movement 
pertaining to the enhancement of the interests of East Baltimore, which 
has given to the city many of her most astute and sagacious business and 
professional men, men of great acumen and pronounced merit. The high 
esteem in which he is held by the business world of his section is shown 
by the fact that he is the vice-president of the East BaUimore Business 
Men's Association, and his counsel is sought by many in high positions in 
financial circles. It is now almost a half a century ago that Mr. Dolfield 
inaugurated the first of a series of German-American Building Associations, 
of which he is the treasurer, by means of which thousands of houses have 
been purchased by members of the laboring classes, thus enabling them 
to live in more sanitary and comfortable conditions, and in this manner 
indirectly elevating social intercourse. Some time ago Mr. Dolfield re- 
signed from the presidency of the German-American Bank, and now 
devotes his time to looking after his private interests, which have grown 
to huge proportions. In 1886 Mr. Dolfield organized the East Baltimore 
Business Men's Association, and accepted the vice-presidency of same, 
which he still holds. He served as president of the Broadway Park Com- 
mission, being appointed by Mayor Pinkney Whyte. It was largely due to 
his activity that Broadway was paved with asphalt, making it one of the 
beauty spots of the city. His religious affiliations are with the Broadway 
Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he is one of the trustees. When 
he was first appointed as a trustee of this church he was the youngest trustee, 
and now, after thirty-seven years, he is the oldest. 

He and his family occupy a high position in social circles, and their 
friends number many throughout the city. Hale and robust in appearance, 
with hair and beard of an iron-grey, his shrewd yet kindly eyes have a 
humorous twinkle which bespeak his warm and generous heart. Courteous 
and dignified in his manner, he is always considerate of others in action 
and speech. In his life there have been the elements of g^reatness because 
of the excellent use he has made of his opportunities, and now, in the 
sunset of his life, he can carry with him the conviction that he has the 
deep admiration of the citizens of Baltimore, not only as a keen and upright 
business man and financier, but as one who has ever been foremost in 
advancing the interests of the city. Baltimore may well be proud to number 
this man of German extraction among her sons. 



WILLIAM H. GRAFFLIN 

It is a fact, and one which cannot but be regretted by every deep- 
thinking man, that the historiographers of the present day, whether by 
accident or design, are in the habit of overlooking the class of citizens to 
which William H. Grafflin belongs, while they give prominence to the lives 
of warriors, statesmen, doctors, lawyers and all those whose callings lead 
them to walk in the paths of the learned professions. Nevertheless, it will 
not be denied that there are no citizens more worthy of the respect and 
esteem of their fellowmen than those who labor earnestly to build up the 



502 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

commerce and manufactures of a country ; who give employment and labor 
to and consequently feed the masses, and whose efforts in life have tended 
to make of Baltimore a great and leading mercantile center. William H. 
Grafflin is prominently identified with this class, and for many years has 
labored faithfully for the growth and advancement of the city. He is a 
member of a family which has been connected with the interests of America 
in various directions for a number of generations, and one whose various 
members have always actively participated in any movement to uphold and 
defend the rights and liberties of their adopted country. 

(I) Jacob Grafflin was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1767, 
and died 'in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1857. He was an infant in arms at 
the time of the death of his father, at which time his mother removed to 
Baltimore. He was apprenticed to learn the trade of sail making, a calling 
which he followed very successfully for a number of years, and was still 
a young man when he retired from active business. He was twice married, 
having eight children by his first wife. He married (second) Sarah, 
daughter of Ludwig Herring, of Baltimore, who was a well-known car- 
penter and builder of that city, and by this marriage there were sixteen 
children. 

(II) George W. Grafflin, third child of Jacob and Sarah (Herring) 
Grafflin, was born in Baltimore, October 6, 1821, and died in the same 
city, November 6, 1896, at his home. No. 1123 St. Paul street, his funeral 
taking place from the Associate Reformed Church at Maryland avenue and 
Preston street. He was educated in St. Mary's College, and his first busi- 
ness position was with Fisher, Miller & Company, drygoods commission 
merchants, as clerk. In 1845 he was one of the organizers of the firm of 
O'Brien, Grafflin & Frick, jobbers of drygoods, the firm being subse- 
quently changed to O'Brien, Grafflin & Hanson, located on Hanover street. 
This firm was in existence until 1857, when Mr. Grafflin retired from it 
and became the cashier of the Franklin Bank, an office he held until his 
resignation in 1859. I" that year he became associated with his brother, 
John C, in the manufacture of burlap bags, the firm doing business under 
the style of John C. Grafflin & Company. In 1868 Mr. Grafflin commenced 
the manufacture of fertilizers, and for a period of thirty-five years was 
closely connected with this branch of industry. In association with Ben- 
jamin G. Harris. Francis A. Neale and G. A. Liebig, he organized the 
Patapsco Guano Company, serving at first as treasurer of the company, later 
as president, an office he was filling at the time of his death. This com- 
pany built a modern factory in 1870, which was destroyed by fire seven 
years later, and promptly rebuilt with the most modern inventions and 
improvements added. The brands of this company are well known and 
recognized throughout the United States, and the output has increased 
from year to year, until it has assumed huge proportions. It is one of the 
oldest plants of its kind in the country, and has served as the nucleus from 
which a number of similar plants have branched. The plant is located on 
the harbor of Baltimore, and has ample water and railroad facilities for 
the transportation of all its manufactures. Another plant which owes its 
inception and organization to the activity of Mr. Grafflin is the Lazaretto 
Guano Company, of which he was president. He also organized and was 
president of the Georgia Chemical Works, of Augusta, Georgia. 

As a business man he was in many respects a model. The goal of his 
ambition was success, but he would succeed only on a basis of truth and 
honor. He scorned deceit and duplicity and would palliate no false repre- 
sentations, either among his employees or among his customers and corre- 




Gy^Q/^ (rzr^^^--^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 505 

spondents. No amount of gain could suffice to allure him from the unde- 
viating line of rectitude, and justice and truth were his guiding spirits. 
His career presents a fine example of honesty, integrity, energy and perse- 
verance. He was a staunch supporter of Democratic principles, but never 
aspired to the holding of public office. He was, however, very public- 
spirited and was held in high esteem in the community in which he lived. 
He and his family were members of the Associate Reformed Church. He 
married in Baltimore, Laura J., born in Baltimore in 1820, died in the 
same city, November 6, 1893, daughter of William Hooper. They had 
children: William H., see forward; Amne L. ; Laura R., who married 
Richard B. Buck, of Baltimore, and is now deceased. 

(Ill) William H. Grafflin, only son of George W. and Laura J. 
(Hooper) Grafflin, was born in Baltimore in 1848. His education was 
acquired in schools in his native city, one of them being that of Dr. Dal- 
rymple, which was a branch of the University of Maryland. After his 
graduation he became associated with the Patapsco Warner Company, at 
first as bookkeeper, then as treasurer, and upon the death of his father, he 
succeeded the latter as president of this corporation. Later he wound up 
the afifairs of this concern and devoted his time and attention to his exten- 
sive real estate and other interests. He is one of the directors of the new 
International Cotton Mills Company, his associates being J. H. Wheel- 
wright, S. Davies Warfield and Dr. David H. Carroll. He is also a director 
of the Drovers' and Mechanics' National Bank of Baltimore, and a member 
of the Maryland Club. 

Mr. Grafflin married in igio, Mrs. Helen Kimball, nee Needles, a 
native of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He has inherited many of the ad- 
mirable traits of his ancestors, and in addition has developed a number 
which are worthy of imitation. He possesses all the elements of a strong 
character, and this has fitted him to assume the responsibilities which have 
devolved upon him. Not alone his business acumen and sound judgment 
have won friends for him, but in the midst of the many demands made 
upon him by his own private interests, he has given much attention to public 
interests of varied nature. He is very liberal and charitable, and is guided 
largely by his first impressions, which generally prove correct. 



GEN. ALFRED E. BOOTH 

The progressive business man, if he be at the same time a citizen of 
large and liberal public spirit, remains, even after his retirement from the 
activities of the commercial arena, a power in the community, lending aid 
and force to all that makes for advancement and betterment. Such a man 
is General Alfred E. Booth, for more than a quarter of a century a member 
of the world-famous house now known as the Booth Fisheries Company, 
and for many years identified with the leading financial and political inter- 
ests of Baltimore. General Booth's talents are largely an inheritance from 
his father, the mention of whose name in any quarter of the commercial 
world would be greeted with the respect due to that of a merchant prince. 

Alfred Booth, father of Alfred E. Booth, was born February 14. 1820, 
in Glastonbury, England, and was a son of Benjamin and Margaret Booth. 
In 1847 he emigrated to the United States, settling on a farm at Kenosha, 
Wisconsin. His abilities, however, were especially adapted to a mercan- 
tile career, and it was but a twelvemonth later that he went to Chicago, 



504 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

where he estabhshed a very small fish business on Randolph street. The 
enterprise prospered as it could not fail to do in the hands of a man of 
Mr. Booth's energy and talents, and in a few months he had two employees. 
In course of time he added to the fish business a large trade in oysters, 
and gradually extended his field of operations, opening stores and packing 
houses in different parts of the city. With business ability of the highest 
order he combined an indomitable will, and it is not too much to say that 
he created out of nothing the greatest fish and oyster packing trade in the 
California and Oregon, and for fish at Manistique and Escanaba, Michigan, 
the products of the packing houses being marketed through the agency of 
branches in numerous large cities. In every city and hamlet of the United 
States the name of the firm, A. Booth, was known through the wide circu- 
lation of its products, while abroad it was familiar both as exporter and 
purchaser. Later the style became A. Booth & Sons, and in 1898 the firm 
was incorporated as the A. Booth Packing Company. Subsequently it 
world. He established collecting houses for oysters, fruit and salmon in 
became A. Booth & Company, and is now the Booth Fisheries Company. 

The invincible courage of Mr. Booth and his stoutheartedness in times 
of disaster, were well-nigh phenomenal. When the great fire of 1871 
swept away the whole business portion of Chicago, he wasted no time in 
unavailing regrets, but at once resumed business, increasing the number of 
his branch houses. At the period of his retirement, in 1880, the firm gave 
employment to fifteen thousand men, and there were no fewer than eighty- 
five branch houses. In the welfare of this great number of employees Mr. 
Booth took a warm interest, invariably rewarding merit by speedy promo- 
tion. Before his retirement he traveled extensively, going abroad at least 
every two years, and making numerous journeys in the United States. 
Coming as he did from the mother country, he ever gave to the land of 
his adoption the loyalty of a citizen, and to her people the affection of a 
kinsman. 

Mr. Booth married, in April, 1849, Isabella Hewes, of Chicago, and 
the following children were born to them: Alfred E., mentioned below; 
W. Vernon, of Chicago, who spends much of his time abroad ; Mrs. Wil- 
liam Gaylord, also of Chicago ; and two other daughters who died young. 

Mr. Booth was a man of strong domestic affections, finding his chief 
recreation and pleasure in the home circle. He possessed a most lovable, 
sympathetic disposition and was always a staunch friend. Truthloving, 
fearless, and fraternal, there was in his manner a certain warmth and genial- 
ity which was extremely winning and never failed to attract those with 
whom he was brought in contact. He died March 4, 1902, leaving an hon- 
ored name. Tributes to his character and work appeared in the newspapers 
of practically every State in the Union. A fortune of ten millions was the 
least part of the legacy which he bequeathed to his children. Vigorous 
intellect, magnanimity, patience with people and events, these are a heritage 
of infinitely greater value than that of mere wealth. What the world needs 
is men such as Alfred Booth — men capable of managing gigantic commer- 
cial and industrial concerns, and of conducting business on terms fair alike 
to emplo}er and employed, men of genuine worth, of unquestioned integrity 
and honor. When this comes to pass, the world-old conflict between capital 
and labor will be forever at rest. 

A man of large heart and social nature, Mr. Booth was always acces- 
sible to his friends. Never neglecting any duty, he could at almost any 
hour find time for a social chat or a word of encouragement to the down- 
hearted. Such a man leaves a memory that is cherished for many years 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 505 

after he has passed from earth. His success was one of the very rare 
ones which are achieved by the tireless industry and directing- intelhgence 
of one man. A broad gauge man was he, in every respect, a great captain 
of commerce and a true nobleman of nature whose motto might well be, 
"Faber meae fortunae." 

Alfred E. Booth, son of Alfred and Isabella (Hewes) Booth, was born 
March 14, 1852, in Chicago, and received his education in the public 
schools of his native city and at the University of Chicago, from which 
he graduated. Immediately thereafter he was associated by his father in 
the latter's business, where he acquired experience and at the same time 
developed those business talents which he inherited from his father and which 
in later years he exercised with such signal success. After the great Chi- 
cago fire, he came to Baltimore to take charge of the branch house in this 
city, where he has ever since resided. When it became a stock company 
he was its vice-president, and maintained his connection with it until 1899, 
when he retired. He has since devoted himself to caring for his private 
financial interests and to his civic duties, to which his public spirit leads 
him to pay close attention, always giving his influence to projects which 
promote culture, make for good government and recognize the common 
brotherhood of man. His business experience, his breadth of view, and the 
fact that he is known and recognized as a dependable man in any relation 
and in any emergency, have caused him to be often selected for positions 
of financial and public trust. For twenty-seven years he was a director in 
the Third National Bank, and he now holds the same office in the Fidelity 
Trust Company and the Maryland Casualty Company. The broad human- 
ity of the man is shown in his gift to the city, in 1906, of a handsome and 
imposing drinking fountain, constructed of marble, granite and bronze, 
and situated on Market Space, where it is perhaps the most used fountain 
in the city, giving refreshment to the numerous teams of the men who bring 
their products to the market. 

General Booth belongs to that class of men who wield a power all the 
more potent from the fact that it is moral rather than political, and is exer- 
cised for the public weal rather than for personal ends. He is a Republi- 
can, but not a partisan, and, while he has held and now holds office, his 
influence has never been exercised in behalf of any organization. No better 
evidence could be furnished in regard to his liberality of sentiment and his 
elevation of character than the fact that his services were enlisted by two 
Democratic executives who desired to receive the benefit of his counsel in 
civic affairs. He was appointed by Mayor Mahool a member of the Park 
Commission, and Mayor Preston, recently elected, chose him as one of those 
to serve on the Paving Commission. His title of General v/as received 
through an appointment on the staff of Governor Lowndes. 

General Booth has inherited from his father not business ability and 
public spirit alone, but also the genial nature which was the cause of the 
later's widespread personal popularity. He belongs to the Maryland, Mer- 
chants', Baltimore Yacht and other clubs, where he is generally the center 
of a group of friends, being a man of charming and polished manners, and 
a witty and original conversationalist, a man who makes friends easily, and 
holds them "with hoops of steel." He is of commanding presence, with a 
countenance open and cheerful, and at the same time expressive of a high 
order of intellect, dignified in bearing, and possessing an unfailing tact and 
a constant consideration for the rights and feelings of others. He is a 
Thirty-second Degree Mason, a member of the Mystic Shrine, and past 
commander of Knights Templar of the State of Alaryland. He was brought 



5o6 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

up in the faith of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and while not a strenu- 
ous attendant upon public worship has subscribed largely to the support 
of the church and to benevolent and charitable organizations. 

General Booth is essentially a man of deeds rather than words. He 
has abundantly proved- that on his part no effort shall be wanting to place 
and keep in the van of progress the old metropolis which has been his home 
for forty years, and the Monumental City receives no more efficient and 
whole-hearted service than that rendered her by the genial and devoted 
son of her adoption, General Alfred E. Booth. 



ARTHUR GEORGE BROWN 

Arthur George Brown was born in Baltimore, September 26, 1842, and 
is a son of George William and Clara Maria (Brune) Brown, the former 
having served the city as mayor and as judge of the Supreme Bench. Mr. 
Brown's great-grandfather, Dr. George Brown, came from the north of 
Ireland and settled with his family in Baltimore in 1783. Another ancestor, 
William Buchanan, was chairman of the Baltimore Committee of Safety 
during the Revolutionary War and, for a time, commissary-general of the 
Continental Army. 

The early years of Mr. Brown were spent in his native city with the 
exception of the summer vacations, and he received his preparatory educa- 
tion at the Baltimore College School and Rippard and Newell's school in 
that city. The following three years were spent in St. Paul's School, Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, and he then matriculated at St. James College, 
Washington county, Maryland, from which he was graduated with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts in July, 1862. He made a choice of the legal 
profession for his life work, and commenced reading law in the office of 
Brown & Brune, in Baltimore, being admitted to the bar in March, 1865. 
Endowed with energy and being an indefatigable worker, he attained prom- 
inence in the legal fraternity of the State, and is now judge of the Court 
of Arbitration of the Baltimore Chamber of Commerce, is provost of the 
Baltimore University School of Law, and was president of the State Board 
of Law Examiners for a number of years. In 1889 he served as chairman 
of the Association of Citizens to restrict and regulate the liquor traffic, 
whose efforts resulted in the passage of a high-license law, and in 1903 he 
was appointed by the Governor one of the board which submitted to the 
General Assembly a draft of a revised corporation law. Mr. Brown is a 
trustee of the Peabody Institute and of the College of St. James, and prior 
to 1902 was for a number of years a trustee of the Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity. He is a member of the Maryland Qub, of which he was the presi- 
dent for a period of nine years. 

Mr. Brown married, June 18, 1874, Mary Elizabeth Alricks, and they 
have a son, Horatio F. Brown, and a daughter, Mrs. R. E. Lee Marshall. 



WILLIAM A. MARBURG 

Among the citizens of Baltimore who have achieved distinction in 
business entitling them to be placed among the representative men of the 
-community, there are many whose quiet perseverance in a particular pur- 




/r^a^ A 




HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 507 

suit, while it excites little notice from the great masses as the years pass by, 
yet results in elevating them to positions enviable in the eyes of their fellow- 
citizens, and as lasting as well-merited. In this class may be placed the 
subject of the present memoir, William A. Marburg, who has gained a 
success in life that is not measured by financial prosperity alone, but is 
gauged by the kindly amenities and congenial associations that go to satisfy 
man's kaleidoscopic nature. The Marburg family held a prominent posi- 
tion in business circles in Germany for many generations, and the descend- 
ants in this country have been no less honored. 

Charles L. Marburg, grandfather of the Mr. Marburg of this narra- 
tive, was a merchant in Germany, where his entire life was spent. He 
married Eleanore . 

William A., son of Charles L. and Eleanore Marburg, was born in Ger- 
many in 1814, and died in Baltimore, Maryland, July 19, 1873. He came 
to this country when he was about sixteen years of age, and after a time 
engaged in the tobacco business. So successful were his business methods 
that he was considered the largest importer of cigars in the United States 
up to the outbreak of the Civil war. At this time he retired from active 
business, contenting himself with giving his sons the benefit of his expe- 
rience. He married Christine Munder, born in Baltimore, in 1820, and 
they had children: Eleanore, died in 1870; Charles L., died in 1907; Louis 
H., died in 1880; Edward, died in 1864; William A. (see forward) ; Albert, 
married a Miss Gardner, of New York; Amelia, unmarried; Frederick, died 
in 1895; Emma, unmarried; Theodore, married Miss Granger, of Wilming- 
ton, North Carolina. 

William A., son of William A. and Christine (Munder) Marburg, was 
born in Baltimore, June 14, 1849. ^o^ ^ time he was a student at Knapp's 
Institute, Baltimore, then studied for some years under private tuition. His 
business training was acquired under the able supervision of his father, 
and February i, 1865, he and his brothers, Charles L. and Louis H., formed 
the company of Marburg Brothers, Mr. Marburg Sr. furnishing the nec- 
essary capital. They engaged in the manufacture of smoking tobacco, 
building up one of the largest concerns of this kind in the South, and ac- 
cumulating a vast fortune. In 1868 their father became a partner in the 
business, taking a quarter interest, which he retained until his death in 
1873. Albert M. Marburg, another brother, was admitted to membership 
in the firm in 1883, and Theodore, the youngest, was admitted as a partner 
in 1885. In May, 1891, the company sold its holdings to the American 
Tobacco Company, William A. Marburg being elected vice-president of this 
corporation. His business energy has not been confined to the tobacco 
industry, as his official record in the following named corporations shows: 
He is the oldest director, in point of service, in the National Union Bank 
of Maryland; director in the Bartlett, Hayward Company; director in the 
American Marine Steamship Company ; and president of the National 
Water Company of Wisconsin. His political affiliations are wath the Repub- 
lican party, and he was a member of the Water Board from 1885 until 1895. 
His interest in all that concerns the welfare of the city is deep and sincere, 
and his substantial aid is freely given wherever he thinks it will further 
public progress. As vice-president and trustee of the Johns Hopkins Hos- 
pital he has been an official more than in mere name, and the social side 
of his character is demonstrated by his membership in a number of clubs, 
among which are the Maryland, Baltimore, Elkridge Hunt, Union League 
of New York and Railroad of New York. With the exception of time 
spent in travel, Mr. Marburg has always lived in Baltimore, where he 



5o8 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

occupies one of the finest residences in the city. He stands as an able 
exponent of the spirit of the age in his efforts to aid progress and im- 
provement, and in the example he has set of making the best use of oppor- 
tunities. Quiet, unostentatious, his life conforms to a high standard. His 
charities are numerous and well bestowed, and his kindly nature makes him 
easy to approach. Mr. Marburg is unmarried. 



McHENRY HOWARD 

Baltimore numbers among its citizens many men of energy, enterprise 
and farsightedness, who have endeavored to advance the city in wealth and 
standing in every respect, and place it in the front rank of American cities, 
and a foremost place among these men must be assigned to McHenry 
Howard, a member of the Baltimore Bar for many years, a true patriot 
and one who has ever had the interests of his country at heart. These 
noble traits have been inherited from the ancestors on both sides of his 
family, and the history of the Howard family is one of the most inter- 
esting and notable ones in the annals of the State of Maryland. 

(I) Joshua Howard, immigrant ancestor of this famous family, was 
born near Manchester, Lancashire county, England, in 1665, died in Mary- 
land, in 1738. He was an active participant in "Monmouth's Rebellion," 
against the expressed desire of his father, and after this insurrection, being 
discharged from the English army, he decided to emigrate to America 
rather than return to his home and face the displeasure of his father. He 
accordingly came to America in 1685-86, where he obtained the grant of 
a large tract of land in Baltimore county, Maryland, not far from the pres- 
ent city of Baltimore. This he called "Howard's Square," and there he 
spent the remainder of his life. He married Joanna O'Carroll. 

(II) Cornelius Howard, son of Joshua and Joanna (O'Carroll) How- 
ard, was born in 1706 or 1707, died June 14, 1777. He married, January 
24, 1738, Ruth, born May 23, 1721, died November 17, 1796, daughter 
of John Eager and granddaughter of George Eager. George Eager, the 
immigrant ancestor, was of Baltimore county, Maryland, and died in 1705 
or 1706; he served as a military officer of Anne Arundel county, Maryland, 
in 1696; he married Mary, who was the Widow Wheelock-Bucknall. John, 
son of George and Mary Eager, was born February 23, 1691, died April 
II, 1722; he married Jemima, who died September 18, 1725, daughter of 
James and Jemima (Morgan) Morray, the former the immigrant ancestor, 
who settled in Baltimore county, Maryland, and died in 1704, the latter 
the daughter of Captain Thomas Morgan, immigrant ancestor, of Balti- 
more county, who died in 1697. 

(III) Colonel John Eager Howard, son of Cornelius and Ruth (Eager) 
Howard, was born in Baltimore county, Maryland, June 4, 1752, died at 
his residence "Belvidere," October 12, 1827. Shortly before the outbreak 
of the Revolutionary war, he attained his majority and immediately de- 
voted himself with all the energy of his youth to the defense of the rights 
of his country, and by his noble example was the cause, in a number of 
instances, of turning the tide of affairs in favor of the Colonial party. He 
raised a company of militia of which he was appointed captain, having 
declined the rank of colonel in favor of those with more actual experience 
than he had had any means of obtaining. Later he was commissioned 
lieutenant-colonel of the Fifth Regiment of Regulars, transferred to the 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 509 

Sixth Regiment, and finally succeeded to the command of the Second Regi- 
ment, after the battle of Hobkirk's Hill. He distinguished himself in the 
battles of White Plains and Germantown, and when the Maryland troops 
were sent to the South in 1780, Colonel Howard displayed unusual military 
skill, which would have done credit to a much older commander, when he 
retreated to Charlotte, North Carolina, after a disastrous engagement at 
Camden, South Carolina. At Charlotte, General Greene assumed command 
of the Southern army, and assigned Colonel Howard to the division com- 
manded by General Morgan. At the battle of Cowpens, his bravery and 
conduct had such an important bearing on the outcome of the conflict, that 
Congress conferred a medal upon him. It was due to his personal example 
and the furious charge he made upon the enemy with bayonets, that they 
were completely routed, when the tide of battle was apparently going 
against the Continental troops. Throughout this most trying campaign his 
courage never abated, and his example so inspired his men that they fol- 
lowed imphcitly wherever he led. General Greene wrote of him : "He 
deserves a statue of gold, no less than Roman and Grecian heroes." And 
General Lee said of him : "At the battle of Cowpens he seized the critical 
moment and turned the fortunes of the day. He was alike conspicuous 
at Guilford and the Eutaws, and at all times and on all occasions emi- 
nently useful." He was severely wounded in the battle of Eutaw. 

His fellow citizens appreciated the honorable part he had taken during 
the progress of the war, and in November. 1788, elected him as Governor 
of Maryland, an office in which his services were on a level with those he 
had rendered in military afifairs, and which he held for a period of three 
years. He was elected to the Senate of the United States in the fall of 
1796, and served in that capacity until March 4, 1803. Washington was 
very desirous that Colonel Howard should accept the office of secretary of 
war in his Cabinet, and wrote to him : "Had your inclination and private 
pursuits permitted you to take the office that was offered to you, it would 
have been a very pleasing circumstance to me, and I am persuaded, as I 
observed to you on a former occasion, a very acceptable one to the public." 
When the War of 1812 was in progress. Colonel Howard, although too 
old to take an active part in the field, did excellent service by sheer force 
of the patriotic idea he expressed so forcibly. When the British Army 
threatened Baltimore and there was some talk of surrender, he exclaimed : 
"I have as much property at stake as most persons, and I have four sons 
in the field, but sooner would I see my sons weltering in their blood, and 
my property reduced to ashes, than so far disgrace my country." 

His home, "Belvidere," was considered the Republican court of the 
State of Maryland, and there might be found representatives from military 
and literary circles, statesmen and all of any note in the country. Among 
the frequent visitors were : Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, Samuel Chase, 
Washington, Lafayette, the Quincys, the Adams, Bishop Kemp, Dr. Alli- 
son, and many other notabilities. This estate, descending to Colonel How- 
ard from his mother, Ruth Eager, was a large tract of land, and Colonel 
Howard very generously donated much of it to various purposes which 
were all for the public benefit. One of these plots is the ground on which 
the Washington Monument stands ; others are the sites of institutions, cem- 
eteries, churches, and the residence of the late Judge Samuel Chase. Bal- 
timore owes much to him for its growth and magnificence. Business was 
almost entirely suspended on the occasion of his funeral, everyone being 
desirous of testifying to the love and esteem in which he was held, and 
numerous military and civic organizations followed his remains to the grave. 



5IO HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

The President of the United States, John Quincy Adams, followed in the 
coach of state in which he had driven from Washington in order to pay the 
last respects to this grand old patriot, and he was mourned throughout the 
countn' with unaffected sorrow and sincerity. 

Colonel Howard married, May i8, 1787, Margaretta Chew, of Ger- 
mantown, Pennsylvania, who was born December 17, 1760, and died May 
29, 1824 (see Chew^ \T). She was a woman of much natural and acquired 
grace and refinement, an excellent conversationalist and a charming hostess, 
which attractions added to the fame of "Belvidere." Children: i. John 
Eager, whose death occurred prior to that of his father, married Cornelia 
A. Read, and had one soon. 2. George, served as Governor of the State 
of Maryland, married Prudence Gough Ridgely. and had a number of chil- 
dren. 3. Benjamin Chew, married Jane Grant Gilmore, and had a number 
of children. 4. William, married Rebecca Ann Key, and left three children, 
one of them, a son. married and also had children. 5. Juliana Elizabeth, 
married John, son of James McHenry, who was on the staff of General 
Washington, and served under him after the war; they had one child, the 
late James Howard McHenry. 6. James, married (first) Sophia Gough 
Ridgely; (second) Catherine M. Ross, and had children by both marriages. 

7. Sophia Catherine, married William George Read, and had children. 

8. Charles, see forward. 9. Mary Ann, died in infancy. 

(IV) Charles Howard, son of Colonel John Eager and Margaretta 
(Chew) Howard, was born April 26, 1802, died June 18, 1869. He lived 
the life of a gentleman of his time, but his abilities as a leader were recog- 
nized by his fellow citizens, and he served in public office at various times. 
He w^as presiding judge of the Orphans' Court of Baltimore, 1848-51; city 
collector, 1853-54; was active in the reform measures of 1856-60; was 
appointed a member of the board of police commissioners by the General 
Assembly of Maryland, i860, and presided until July, 1861, when he and 
his colleagues were removed by the military power of the general gov- 
ernment, and imprisoned in Fort Lafayette and Fort Warren for almost 
a year and one-half. He served as president of the Baltimore & Susque- 
hanna Railroad Company in the earlier years of the existence of this cor- 
poration. In all matters of public enterprise and benevolence he was in 
the front rank of the workers, and assisted by personal labor as well as by 
liberal donations. African colonization early aroused his attention, and 
he was president of the Maryland State Colonization Society. At the time 
of his death he was one of the trustees of the Peabody Foundation, vice- 
president and active member of the Baltimore Poor Association, a member 
of the board of trustees of the Maryland Hospital, and of the board of 
managers of the Asylum for the Blind. 

Mr. Howard married, November 9. 1825, Elizabeth Phoebe Key, born 
October 10, 1803, died September 9, 1897 (see Key V). Children: i. 
Francis Key, born October 25, 1826, died in London. England, May 29. 
1872. He was educated to follow a legal career, but felt himself better 
fitted for literary work, and was subsequently the editor of several papers, 
and the author of a number of pamphlets which gained him a widespread 
reputation. He suffered imprisonment at the same time as his father. He 
married Lydia Hollingsworth Morris, and one of his sons. Charles Morris 
Howard, is a prominent lawyer of Baltimore. 2. John Eager, who served 
as captain in the Confederate army, and is unmarried. 3. Charles, served 
as major in the Confederate army. He married Mary Catherine Winder, of 
the Eastern Shore. Virginia, and they had a number of children. 4. Mary 
Lloyd, married her cousin. Colonel Edward Lloyd, of "Wye House," Tal- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 511 

bot county, Maryland, and has children. 5. Colonel James, who was in the 
United States army, and lieutenant-colonel in the Confederate army, died 
November i, 1910, unmarried. 6. Alice Key, died January 28. 1879, un- 
married. 7. Edward Lloyd, served as major and surgeon in the Confed- 
erate army, and died September 5, 1881. He married Laura Maynard, 
and had one child, which died after its father. 8. McHenry, see forward. 
9. Ellen Key, married Charlton Hunt Morgan, brother of John H. Morgan, 
of Lexington, Kentucky. They have three children. 10. Elizabeth Gray, 
died November 12, 1862, unmarried. 11. Anna Arnold Key, died in infancy. 

(V) McHenry Howard, son of Charles and Elizabeth Phoebe (Key) 
Howard, was born December 26, 1838, in Baltimore, Maryland, in which 
city his entire life has been spent with the exception of his four years' 
service during the war. His education was acquired in private schools, a 
number of years being spent in the Hamilton and Topping schools, and he 
then matriculated at Princeton University, from which he was graduated 
in 1858. He took up the study of law in the office of S. Teackle Wallis, 
a famous lawyer of that time, pursued this course for two years, and then 
went South with the Confederate army. He was first sergeant in Murray's 
Company, First Maryland Regiment, and was on the staff and served under 
Generals Charles S. Winder, George H. Stuart, I. R. Trimble and G. W. 
Custis Lee. At the close of the war he returned to Baltimore, where he 
established himself in the practice of the legal profession, in an office of 
his own, and has been actively identified with this profession since that 
time. He is a man of marked capacity, decided character and undoubted 
integrity, and the ability with which he conducted the cases entrusted to 
him, soon established a reputation for him, which he not alone maintained, 
but has consistently augmented. For a time he was in association with 
Judge D. G. Wright, but later accepted the post of chief examiner for 
the Title Insurance Company. 

While Mr. Howard is a true and staunch supporter of the principles 
of the Democratic party, he is no unthinking partisan, and has deeply im- 
bedded convictions as to right and wrong, which he has not the least hesi- 
tation in expounding. Narrow and sectional opinions are very far from 
being to his taste, and his policies are based upon the foundation of the 
best development of the physical, moral and intellectual welfare of the com- 
munity and the nation. For two years he served as a member of the Sec- 
ond Branch of the City Council, and was of active benefit to the community 
during his term of office. His record as a soldier has been as honorable as 
his record as an attorney and as a citizen. Wherever opportunity offered 
he was in the thickest of the fight and was captured at Spottsylvania Court 
House, May 12, 1864, and at Sailors' Creek, two days before the surrender 
at Appomattox. He was one of the organizers of the Fifth Regiment, and 
captain of Company E. He also had charge of a company in the Seventh 
Maryland Regiment, which was raised during the railroad riots of 1877, 
for that emergency. His religious affiliations are with the Emmanuel Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, and he is associated in various capacities with the 
following organizations : One of the councilors and for many years a 
member of the Maryland Historical Society ; one of the organizers and sec- 
retary and president of the Army and Navy Society of the Confederate 
States ; for many years governor of the Society of Colonial Wars ; first 
vice-president of the Society of Sons of the Revolution ; member of the 
Civil Service Reform League and of the Red Cross Society. 

Mr. Howard married, June 18, 1867, Julia Douglas, daughter of Gen- 
eral Clayton G. and Sarah (Jerdone) Coleman, of jerdone Castle, Louisa 



512 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

county, Virg-inia. They have had children: EHzabeth Gray; Charles 
McHenry, married Ellen Newman Carter ; Mary, and Julia McHenry. 

Mr. Howard is a fine representative of his long line of admirable 
ancestors, and his life work has been a fitting and harmonious continuation 
of what they accomplished in their days. Personally he is one of the most 
companionable of men, warm in his friendship, and with a heart full of 
sympathy for those who are less fortunate in this life than he has been. 
His broad views and large faith in the innate goodness of humanity in 
general, have made him the center of a circle of true and devoted adherents, 
and the firmness of his character, and the clearness and soundness of his 
judgment bring numbers to him in search of the benefits to be derived from 
the possession of these qualities. 

(The Chew Line). 

(I) Colonel John Chew, the immigrant ancestor, died in 1668. He 
was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from Hog Island, 1623- 
24-29, and from York county, 1642-zH- He married Sarah . 

(II) Colonel Samuel Chew, son of Colonel John and Sarah Chew, was 
born in 1634, died March 15, 1676-77. He was a member of the Maryland 
House of Burgesses, 1659; of the Council, 1669-77; chancellor and secre- 
tary of the Province; colonel of the Provincial Forces of Maryland, 1675. 
He married Anne Ayres, who died April 13, 1695. 

(III) Benjamin Chew, of Maryland, son of Colonel Samuel and Anne 
(Ayres) Chew, was born April 13, 1671, died March 3, 1699-1700. He 
married, December 8, 1692, Elizabeth, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Smith) Benson (the former an immigrant), and granddaughter of 
Thomas Smith, the immigrant, who was of Calvert county, Maryland, and 
died in 1685, and who married Alice , who died in 1698. 

(IV) Chief Justice Samuel Chew, son of Benjamin and EHzabeth 
(Benson) Chew, was born October 30, 1693, died June 16, 1744. He 
was a physician, and served as chief justice of the three lower counties, 
now Delaware, 1741-43. He married, October 22, 171 5, Mary, daughter 
of Samuel Galloway, and granddaughter of Richard Galloway. Richard 

Galloway, the immigrant ancestor, was of Maryland, married Hannah , 

and died January 28, 1663. Samuel, son of Richard and Hannah Galloway, 
was born July 7, 1659, died February 13, 1720; married, April, 1689, Anne 
Webb, who died January 20, 1722-23. 

(V) Chief Justice Benjamin Chew, son of Chief Justice Samuel and 
Mary (Galloway) Chew, was born November 29, 1722, died January 20, 
1810. He served as member of the Council, Province of Pennsylvania, 
1755; attorney-general, 1755; speaker of the Assembly, 1756; commis- 
sioner of defense of Philadelphia, 1761 ; chief justice of the Supreme Court, 
1774. He married, September 12, 1757, Elizabeth, born May 6, 1732, died 
May, 1819, daughter of James and Mary (Turner) Oswald, of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

(VI) Margaretta Chew, daughter of Chief Justice Benjamin and Eliz- 
abeth (Oswald) Chew, married Colonel John Eager Howard (see How- 
ard III). 

(The Key Line). 

(I) Hon. Philip Key, the immigrant ancestor, was born in London, 
England, March 21, 1696, died in Maryland, August 20, 1764. He served 
as burgess of St. Mary's county, Maryland, 1728-32, 1735-38, 1746-54; 
member of the Council, 1763-64. He married Susannah Gardiner (see 
Gardiner V). 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 513 

(II) Francis Key, son of Hon. Philip and Susannah (Gardiner) Key, 
was born in 1731-32, died in November, 1770. He married, December 12, 
1752, Anne Arnold Ross, born October 9, 1727, died January 5, 181 1. She 
was the daughter of John Ross, born in England. August 13, 1696, who 
immigrated, and died in Anne Arundel county, Maryland, September 18, 
1766. He married Alicia Arnold, also an immigrant, who was born Octo- 
ber 18, 1700, and died July 9, 1746. John Ross was the son of Henry 

Ross (?), who married, August 11, 1695, Jane . Alicia (Arnold) 

Ross was the daughter of Michael Arnold Jr., of St. Margaret's, West- 
minster, born in 1675, died November 8, 1735; married, February, 1696, 
Anne Knipe, bom in 1676, died in September, 1703; he was the son of 
Michael Arnold. Anne (Knipe) Arnold was the daughter of the Rev. 
Thomas Knipe, of Westminster, born in 1639, died August 6, 171 1, who 
married Anne Wolseley, who died in August, 1686; he was the son of 
Rev. Thomas Knipe. Anne (Wolseley) Knipe was the daughter of Colonel 
Devereux and Elizabeth (Zouche) Wolseley. and the granddaughter of 
Sir Thomas and Helen Wolseley, of Staffordshire, England ; also grand- 
daughter of Sir John Zouche, of Codnor Castle, Derbyshire, England, who 
married Isabel Lowe, of Denby Park, Derbyshire. 

(III) Lieutenant John Ross Key, son of Francis and Anne Arnold 
(Ross) Key, was born September 19, 1754, died October 13, 1821. He 
married Anne Phoebe Penn Dagworthy Charlton, born February 6, 1756, 
died July 8, 1830. She was the daughter of Arthur Charlton, who died 
in 1771, of Frederick county, Maryland; married, July 14, 1742, Eleanor 
Harrison ; granddaughter of Thomas and Alice Charlton, the former died 
in 1743, the latter in 1761 ; great-granddaughter of Edward and Judith 
Charlton, the latter of whom died in January, 1719. 

(IV) Francis Scott Key, son of Lieutenant John Ross and Anne 
Phoebe Penn Dagworthy (Charlton) Key, was born August i, 1779, died 
January 11, 1843. He immortalized himself as the author of 'The Star- 
Spangled Banner," and his name has become a household word throughout 
the Union and will always be considered as one. He married, January 19, 
1802, Mary Tayloe Lloyd, born May 26, 1784, died May 18, i8s9 (see 
Lloyd VI). 

(V) Elizabeth Phoebe Key, daughter of Francis Scott and Mary Tay- 
loe (Lloyd) Key, married Charles Howard (see Howard IV). 

(The Lloyd Line). 

(I) Edward Lloyd, the immigrant ancestor, was born in England, 
died in 1695. He was burgess for Lower Norfolk county, Virginia, 1644-46; 
commander of Anne Arundel county, Maryland, 1650-52; commissioner 
to treat with the Susquehanna Indians, 1652; member of the General As- 
sembly, 1654; one of the high commissioners for regulating the affairs of 
Maryland, 1654-58; burgess for Anne Arundel county, 1658; member of 
the Council for Maryland, 1658-66. He married Alice Crouch. 

(II) Colonel Philemon Lloyd, son of Edward and Alice (Crouch) 
Lloyd, was of Wye, Talbot county, Maryland, and was born in 1646, died 
June 22, 1685. He was captain of horse on Chester and Wye rivers, 1667; 
served against Indians; colonel of horse of Talbot, Kent and Cecil coun- 
ties, 1681 ; member of Assembly from Talbot county, 1671-85 ; speaker, 
1678-85 ; commissioner to treat with the northern Indians at Fort Albany, 
New York, 1682. He married Henrietta Maria Neale (Bennett), born in 
1646, died May 21, 1697; she was the daughter of Captain James and Anna 
(Gill) Neale, the former, who died in 1684, being of England and Mary- 



514 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

land; granddaughter of Benjamin Gill, of England and Maryland, who 
died November 22, 1655. 

(III) President Edward Lloyd, son of Colonel Philemon and Hen- 
rietta Maria (Neale) (Bennett) Lloyd, was born February 7, 1670, died 
March 28, 1 718- 19. He served as burgess for Talbot county, Maryland, 
1697-1701 ; member of the Council, 1702-18; president of the Council and 
acting governor of Maryland, 1709-14; major-general commanding militia 
of the Eastern Shore, 1707. He married, February i, 1703, Sarah, born 
1684, died April 4, 1755, daughter of Nehemiah and Rebecca (Denwood) 
Covington, the former of whom died in 1713; granddaughter of Nehemiah 
and Mary Covington, the former, who was the immigrant ancestor, was of 
Virginia and Maryland, and died in 1681 ; also granddaughter of Levin and 
Mary Denwood, of Virginia, the former the immigrant ancestor of that 
family. 

(IV) Colonel Edward Lloyd, son of President Edward and Sarah 
(Covington) Lloyd, was born May 8, 171 1, died January 27, 1770. He 
was burgess for Talbot county, 1738-41 ; member of the Council of Mary- 
land, 1743-67; colonel of Talbot county, 1741 ; treasurer of the Eastern 
Shore, 1748-66; agent and receiver general of the Lord Proprietary, 1760- 
68. He married, November 26, 1739, Anne, born 1720-21, died May i, 
1769, daughter of Colonel John Rousby, who died in 1744, was representa- 
tive for Calvert county in Maryland Assembly in 1714-21, and member of 
Council, 1721-44; granddaughter of John and Barbara (Morgan) Rousby, 
the former of Calvert county, Maryland, died in 1685, was clerk of the 
Upper House of Assembly in 1671, and burgess for Calvert county, 1681-84; 
great-granddaughter of Henry Morgan, immigrant ancestor, of Kent 

county, Maryland, born about 1614, who married Frances , born 

about 1625. 

(V) Colonel Edward (2) Lloyd, son of Colonel Edward (i) and Anne 
(Rousby) Lloyd, was born November 15, 1744, died July 8, 1796. He 
served as burgess for Talbot county, Maryland, 1771-74; member of the 
Maryland Convention, 1775; member of the Council of Safety, 1775; colonel 
of Talbot county, 1775; member of the State legislature until 1791. He 
married, November 19, 1767, Elizabeth Tayloe, born March 17, 1750, died 
February 17, 1825 (see Tayloe IV). 

(VI) Mary Tayloe Lloyd, daughter of Colonel Edward (2) and Eliza- 
beth (Tayloe) Loyd, married Francis Scott Key (see Key IV). 

(The Tayloe Line). 

(I) Colonel William Tayloe, of Virginia, died prior to 1710. He 
served as justice in Rappahannock county, Virginia, 1686; high sheriff, 
1688-89, 1705-07; county lieutenant of Richmond county, 1705; burgess, 
1705-10. He married Ann Corbin, who died in 1704, a daughter of Colonel 
Henry Corbin, immigrant ancestor, born in England about 1629, died Janu- 
ary 8, 1675; burgess for Lancaster county, Virginia, 1658-60; member of 
the Council of Virginia, 1663-67-74; married Alice Eltonhead (Burnham), 
also an immigrant, who died in 1684. 

(II) Colonel John Tayloe, son of Colonel William and Ann (Corbin) 
Tayloe, was born February 15, 1687, died in 1747. He served as sheriff of 
Richmond county, Virginia, 1713; member of the Council of Virginia, 1732. 
He married Elizabeth, born December 31, 1692, died in November, 1761, 
daughter of Major David Gwyn, who died in 1704, was burgess for Rich- 
mond county, Virginia, 1702-03, justice and county commissioner, 1699- 
1702, married Catherine Griffin, who died in 1728; granddaughter of 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 515 

Colonel Samuel Griffin, who died in 1703, of Northumberland county, Vir- 
ginia, married in 1660 Sarah, widow of Thomas Griffin. 

(III) Colonel John (2) Tayloe. son of Colonel John (i) and Eliza- 
beth (Gwyn) Tayloe, was of Mount Airy, Virginia, and was born in 1721, 
died April 18, 1779. He was a member of the Council of Virginia, 1772; 
Councilor of State, 1726. He married, July 11, 1747, Rebecca Plater, born 
August 8, 1 73 1, died January 22, 1787. She was the daughter of Colonel 
George Plater and the granddaughter of Attorney-General George Plater. 

Attorney-General George Plater, of St. Mary's county, Maryland, was 
born in 1663, and married Anne (Doyne) Burford, daughter of Attorney- 
General Thomas and Anne Burford, of Charles county, Maryland, the for- 
mer of whom died in March, 1686-87 ; was attorney-general of Maryland, 
1681 ; member of Assembly for Charles county, 1682-87; justice and county 
commissioner, 1685. 

Colonel George Plater, of Sotterly, St. Mary's county, Maryland, was 
born in 1695. died May 17, 1755. He served as member of the Council of 
Maryland, 1732-55; collector for Pocomoke District, 1728; naval officer 
for Patuxent, 1755; secretary of Maryland, 1755. He married, June 10, 
1729, Rebecca (Bowles) Addison, born January 3, 1703, daughter of Colonel 
Thomas Addison, and granddaughter of Colonel John Addison. 

Colonel John Addison, the immigrant ancestor, was born in England, 
died in Maryland, 1705-06. He was a member of the Council of Maryland, 
1692-1706; chancellor and keeper of the Great Seal of the Province, 1696- 
99; captain, 1692; commissioned colonel, July 30, 1694, commanding the 
militia of Charles county, and placed in command of the militia of Prince 
George county, August 17, 1695. Married, 1677, Rebecca Dent Wilkin- 
son, daughter of Rev. William and Mary Wilkinson, the former of Eng- 
land and Maryland, born in 1612, died in 1663. 

Colonel Thomas Addison, son of Colonel John and Rebecca Dent 
(Wilkinson) Addison, was born in 1679, died June 17, 1727. He served 
as a member of the Council of Maryland, 171 1-27 ; colonel of Prince George's 
County Militia, 1714. He married, April 21, 1701, Ehzabeth, born in 1686, 
died February 10, 1706, daughter of Captain Thomas Tasker, of Calvert 
county, Maryland, who died in August, 1700. and who was a member of 
the Assembly for Calvert county, 1692-97; member of the Council of Mary- 
land, 1698-1700; justice of the Provincial Court, 1694; treasurer of the 
Western Shore, 1695. 

(IV) Elizabeth Tayloe. daughter of Colonel John (2) and Rebecca 
(Plater) Tayloe, married Colonel Edward Lloyd (see Lloyd V). 

(The Gardiner Line). 

(I) Richard Gardiner, the immigrant ancestor, was a member of the 
Assembly of Maryland, 1637-41. He was of St. Mary's county. 

(II) Captain Luke Gardiner, also an immigrant, son of Richard Gardi- 
ner, was born in England about 1622, died in 1674. He served as burgess 
for St. Mary's county, 1660-62, 1671 ; high sheriff, 1672-74; was commis- 
sioned lieutenant of St. Mary's County Militia, January 28, 1660-61, and 
captain, 1664. He married Elizabeth, an immigrant, a daughter of Rich- 
ard and Margaret Hatton, of England, the latter also coming to America. 

(III) Richard Gardiner, son of Captain Luke and Elizabeth (Hatton) 
Gardiner, died in 1687. He was justice and county commissioner of St. 
Mary's county, Maryland, 1677-87; member of the Assembly, 1681-87. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Major John and Honoria Weir, the latter 
of whom died in 1685. Major John Weir was burgess for Rappahan- 



5i6 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

nock county, Virginia, 1658-60, 1663-66; captain of the Rappahannock 
County Militia, 1663 ; major, 1666. 

{IV) John Gardiner, son of Richard and EHzabeth (Weir) Gardiner, 
died in 1717. He married Mary, who died in 174 — , daughter of Major 
WilHam Boarman. and granddaughter of Lieutenant-Colonel John Jarboe. 
Major William Boarman, immigrant ancestor, was born about 1630, died in 
1709. He served as burgess for St. Mary's county, Maryland, 1671-75; 
high sherifif, 1679-81 ; commissioned captain of the militia of St. Mary's 
county, October 12, 1661 ; major in 1676. He married Mary Jarboe, who 
died in 1739, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel John Jarboe, who was born 
in 1619, died in 1674, and came from Dijon, France, to settle in St. Mary's 
county, Maryland, prior to 1657. He was burgess for St. Mary's county, 
1674-75; high sheriff, 1667-68, 1670-72; commissioned lieutenant of the 
county militia, March 15, 1658; heutenant-colonel, October 31, 1660. He 
married Mary Tettershall, also an immigrant. 

(V) Susannah Gardiner, daughter of John and Mary (Boarman) 
Gardiner, married Hon. Philip Key (see Key I). 



GREENLEAF JOHNSON 

x\t the foundation of the prosperity of every great city lies the work of 
the manufacturer. He it is who, in seeking a market for his products, 
attracts commerce to his city, causes factories and business houses to arise, 
and gives employment to hundreds. A leader among the manufacturers of 
Old Baltimore was the late Greenleaf Johnson, founder of the firm of Green- 
leaf Johnson & Son, one of the greatest concerns in the lumber trade of 
the South Atlantic. Mr. Johnson was for well-nigh half a century a 
resident of Baltimore, and was identified with many of her best interests. 

Greenleaf Johnson was born November 16, 1820, in Conway, New 
Hampshire, and was a descendant of English ancestors. His father, Ira B. 
Johnson, was a farmer in the neighborhood of Montpelier, Vermont. After 
attending the common schools of Chatham, New Hampshire, Mr. Johnson 
for several years assisted his father on the farm. When about twenty 
years of age he went to Boston and obtained employment with James Pren- 
tice, a large pork-packer of West Cambridge. He continued in this busi- 
ness for three years, and was about to enter into partnership with Mr. 
Prentice when the death of the latter prevented him from carrying out his 
intention. 

In March, 1844, Mr. Johnson came to Baltimore and engaged as fore- 
man in the mill of Mr. Henry Herring, with whom he remained until 1848. 
In the spring of 1849 he went to New York, and immediately built a large 
planing mill on the North River, between Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh 
streets. It being the time of the California gold fever, lumber was in great 
demand at large prices, and he remained in New York two years, having 
during that period a greater demand for lumber than he could supply. He 
wished, however, to return to Maryland, and, on receiving a good offer for 
his mill and stock, sold out and turned his face southward. 

On arriving in Maryland he settled in Somerset county, where he built 
three saw-mills and, having purchased several vessels, sent his lumber to 
Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York. Mr. Johnson was gifted with a 
remarkable amount of initiative and progressiveness, and while in Som- 
erset county he installed the first steam saw-mills to be found in the South. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 517 

His enterprises were attended by steady prosperity, and he i^radually en- 
larged their scope, until in 1865 he established his headquarters in Balti- 
more, still retaining his mills and lands in Somerset county. Shortly aft- 
erward he formed a partnership with Richard T. Waters, and the firm about 
two years later purchased extensive timber lands in Virginia, building one 
mill at Freeport and two at Norfolk, also purchasing a half interest in a 
mill at Snow Hill. For a number of years they carried on a very success- 
ful business, and in 1873 the partnership was dissolved, Mr. Johnson retain- 
ing the mills in Virginia, together with lands, steamers and other property 
used in the conduct of the establishment, and subsequently forming a part- 
nership with his two sons, Greenleaf and Howard N. Johnson. The firm 
employed on an average one hundred men, and took for their field of opera- 
tion the whole North and West, possessing facilities of mills, railroads, 
vessels and yards which enabled them to transact business in any market of 
the United States. 

While adhering to and advocating the principles upheld by the Demo- 
crats, Mr. Johnson was never a partisan, and steadily refused to accept 
political ofifice. He manifested a public-spirited interest in all that con- 
cerned the welfare of his adopted city, and his aid in charitable and benevo- 
lent enterprises was never solicited in vain. He was a member of St. 
Paul's English Lutheran Church. 

Mr. Johnson married (first), December 14, 1848, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Nicholas Harrison, of Carroll county, Maryland, and there were born 
to them two sons and a daughter. Both of these sons are now deceased. 
Howard N. died in 1895. Greenleaf, Jr., also had an interest in the firm; 
he died in 1907. The daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Johnson became the wife 
of Henry A. Smeltz, and died January 17, 1878, at Crescent City, Florida. 
Mrs. Johnson's grief at this bereavement was such that she survived her 
daughter but a few weeks, passing away March 3, 1878. Mr. Johnson 
married (second). Miss Jessie T. (Crocker, and by this union became the 
father of one son, Ira Johnson, who is now the manager of the great busi- 
ness established by his father, at their headquarters at Norfolk, having 
started to work with his father as soon as he left school. 

Mr. Johnson died September 21, 1897, leaving a name widely honored. 
He was a most conspicuous example of the man who wins the confidence 
and respect of his fellow citizens by strictly following the rules established 
by the unwritten laws of honor and integrity in private and business life. 
A typical self-made man, financially and intellectually, he was what he was 
through his own unaided efiforts. His merited tribute was the sincere re- 
spect and warm regard of all to whom he was known. How vividly does 
the older generation of Baltimoreans recall his familiar figure, with its 
sturdy bearing, its aspect of rugged honesty and its shrewd but kindly coun- 
tenance — a true picture of the old-time Baltimore merchant of whom the 
city of to-day is justly proud, and whom she honors as one of the chief 
founders of her present commercial prosperity. 



JULIUS FRIEDENWALD 

Of the great professions, arms, law and medicine, that illustrious trio 
which has for centuries given to the world some of its noblest leaders and 
benefactors, that of medicine is certainly the most gracious. Its votaries, 
unlike those of arms and the law, wage war not with any portion of man- 



5i8 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

kind, but with the enemies of the human race at large, and in their hour 
of triumph they hear none but friendly voices. The warrior comes from 
the battlefield bearing the palm of the victor, hearing at the same time 
the shouts and plaudits of his triumphant followers and the groans and 
defiance of the vanquished ; the laurels won in intellectual controversy crown 
the brow of the advocate, while the mingled voices of applause and execra- 
tion resound through the forum; but the physician's conquest is the sub- 
jugation of disease, his p?eans are sung by those whom he has redeemed 
from suffering and possibly from death, and when his weapons fail to cope 
with an adversary whom he can never wholly vanquish, his sympathy alle- 
viates the pang he cannot avert. 

In the foremost ranks of these helpers of humanity stands Dr. Julius 
Friedenwald, professor of diseases of the stomach in the College of Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons of Baltimore, and a specialist of national reputation 
in all maladies of the digestive organs. 

Julius Friedenwald was born December 20, 1866, in Baltimore, son 
of Aaron and Bertha (Bamberger) Friedenwald. His father was a distin- 
guished physician and philanthropist and not only transmitted to him his 
own remarkable professional abilities, but fostered them by the most liberal 
training, and the inestimable advantage of personal advice and guidance 
during the years when the son was making for himself the honorable posi- 
tion and widespread reputation to which he has since attained, and for 
which, looking back with a grateful heart on those early years, he acknowl- 
edges himself indebted to the untiring wisdom and affection of his noble- 
minded father. 

Dr. Friedenwald received his preliminary education at the Baltimore 
City College, and later studied at Johns Hopkins University, receiving in 
1888 the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He was fitted for his profession at 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, taking his medical degree in 1890, 
and also carrying off the honors of his class. From 1891 to 1893 he stud- 
ied in Berlin, Vienna, Paris and London, making a specialty of gastro- 
intestinal diseases, on which he was afterward to become so distinguished 
an authority. 

Since his return to this country Dr. Friedenwald has practiced in Bal- 
timore, building up a large connection and a national reputation. As a 
specialist in his chosen field he is surpassed by none in the United States. 
He is consulting physician in digestive diseases at the Mercy Hospital, the 
Church Home Infirmary, St. Agnes' Hospital, the Union Protestant Infirm- 
ary and the Women's Hospital. 

Dr. Friedenwald is a member of the American Academy of Medicine, 
the American Medical Association, and the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty 
of Maryland. He is an associate member of the American Association of 
Physicians. He belongs to the Hopkins and University clubs and the Greek 
latter fraternity. Phi Beta Kappa, of Johns Hopkins University. He affil- 
iates with the Republican party and attends the McCulloh Street Syna- 
gogue. 

Dr. Friedenwald has made valuable contributions to the literature of 
his profession. Among his works are the following: "Guide to Clinical 
Laboratory Diagnosis,'' (with Drs. Beck and Knapp), two editions, 1901-04; 
"Dietetics for Nurses," (with Dr. John Ruhrah), two editions; "Diet in 
Health and Disease," (with Dr. John Ruhrah), three editions, 1905, 1907 
and 1909. He is also contributing editor to numerous medical journals. 
The work, "Diet in Health and Disease," is dedicated to Dr. WilHam Osier, 
formerly of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and now of Oxford, England. The 




OAXphj 



^y<rv--f^ ^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 519 

dedication reads as follows : "To William Osier, M. D., as a slight token 
of our appreciation of his personal friendship, of many favors and the 
encouragement he has always given the members of the profession." 

Dr. Friedenwald married, October 24, 1900, Esther Lee Rohr, of 
Baltimore. His beautiful home is the abode not of wealth merely, but of 
culture and refinement, of everything which can minister to the home at- 
mosphere and the craving of the higher faculties. While his professional 
duties make too great a demand upon his time to allow him much active 
participation in social affairs, Dr. Friedenwald is nevertheless known as a 
man of genial disposition and cordiality, winning friends wherever he goes. 

Dr. Friedenwald is a man of great sagacity, quick perceptions, sound 
judgment, noble impulses and remarkable force. Of unblemished reputa- 
tion, he commands the respect and confidence of the entire community. Of 
his professional standing it is unnecessary to speak. He has devoted his 
life to a noble calling and is now crowned with its choicest rewards. In all 
professions, but especially in the medical, there are exalted heights to 
which genius itself scarcely dares soar, and which can be gained only after 
long years of patient, arduous and unremitting toil joined to inflexible and 
unfaltering courage. To this proud eminence we may safely say Dr. Fried- 
enwald has risen, and in making this assertion we feel confident of the sup- 
port of his professional brethren which is always in such cases the best 
standard of judgment. 

The true physician, in the exercise of his beneficent calling, heeds 
neither nationality nor distinction of class. Alike to him are the prince 
and the papuer, and into both the palace and the hovel he comes as the 
messenger of help and healing. The acquisition of wealth is nothing to 
him save as a means of giving material form and practical force to his 
projects for the uplifting of humanity. In his self-abnegating labors he 
furnishes one of the truest examples of the altruistic life of which the 
world has knowledge. 

Many there are in the ranks of this illustrious profession, to the honor 
of human nature be it said, to whom the above description would apply, but 
the voice, not of his home city alone, nor even of his native State, but of 
the Nation, would declare that of none could it be said with greater truth- 
fulness than of Dr. Julius Friedenwald. 



DANIEL HARVEY HAYNE 

Daniel Harvey Hayne, general solicitor of the Merchants and Miners 
Transportation Company, is distinguished not only as one of the ablest 
members of the Baltimore Bar, but also as a man possessing an exceptional 
amount of executive force and business ability, identified as he is with an 
organization which has established commercial intercourse between the port 
of Baltimore and every quarter of the globe. 

Mr. Hayne is a representative of a family of English origin, a branch 
of which settled, about 1700, in the vicinity of Charleston, South Carolina, 
many of its members becoming owners of large estates. They and their 
descendants figured prominently in the history of the colonial, revolutionary 
and national periods, notable among them being Colonel Isaac Hayne, the 
Revolutionary patriot, who died a martyr to the cause of American liberty ; 
Arthur P. Hayne, soldier and statesman, who represented his state in the 
United States Senate, and declined a foreign ministry; Robert Y. Hayne, 



520 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

first ma3^or of Charleston, South CaroHna, Attorney General of South Caro- 
lina, Governor, and United States Senator, and one of the most eminent 
men of his generation, and Paul Hamilton Hayne, who ranks as one of the 
great poets of our country. The immediate forbears of Mr. Hayne (on the 
paternal side) removed to the vicinity of Chestertown, Kent county, Mary- 
land, where they owned and cultivated large fruit farms. George Hayne, 
of Baltimore, great-uncle of Daniel Harvey Hayne, was the owner of ves- 
sels which became involved in the French spoliation claims. 

George Washington Hayne, father of Daniel Harvey Hayne, was en- 
gaged in the real estate business, and was a man of much energy and per- 
sonal force, with marked tastes for literature and scientific study. He 
married Sarah Ann Bowen, a descendant of English ancestors who were 
among the early settlers of Baltimore county, Maryland, where the family 
is still in possession of the original estates. Angeline Bowen, the grand- 
mother of Mr. Hayne, was widely known and esteemed for her charitable 
work and broad sympathies. 

Daniel Harvey, son of George Washington and Sarah Ann (Bowen) 
Hayne, was born December lo, 1863, in Baltimore, his boyhood life being 
divided between town and country. His father died when he was seventeen 
years of age, and a few years later death deprived him of his mother also, 
a woman of cheerful and sunny disposition who imparted to her son much 
of that cheerfulness and optimism which have sustained his faith in his 
fellow-men and brought him through periods of great difficulty and many 
trials. The loss of his parents threw him for counsel and guidance upon an 
uncle, William Wallace Hayne, who inculcated in him principles of inde- 
pendence and upheld before him the highest ideals. 

Mr. Hayne's education was obtained in the public schools, Knapp's In- 
stitute and the Baltimore City College, and as a youth he entered a coal 
office, keeping accounts at a very small salary. Later he became an operator 
for the Western Union Telegraph Company, and subsequently entered the 
service of the Pennsylvania Railroad as a telegraph operator, being trans- 
ferred in course of time to the transportation side, both in the passenger 
and freight service. Later, he entered the steamship service, spending in this 
preparatory work, ten years with the Pennsylvania railroad and five years 
with the Merchants and Miners Transportation Company. During this time, 
being a constant student, he acquired a very clear view of the questions 
relating to corporations, transportation, shipping and admiralty, and the 
practical side of navigation. He became convinced that there was a career 
in the law for one who would make an intelligent specialization of these 
matters, and in 1891 he entered the Law School of the University of Mary- 
land, from which he graduated May 25, 1894, with the Degree of Bachelor 
of Laws. During the period he was studying law. he still found time to 
devote, during the day and often far into the night, to the intricate problems 
of transportation which were constantly arising in the company in which 
he \yas employed. After his graduation he immediately began practice in 
Baltimore, his professional career being attended from the beginning by an 
exceptional measure of success. As a lawyer, he is known for his quick 
coordination of the facts and appreciation of the pivotal points involved in 
a controversy. His skill as a cross-examiner, one of the most difficult arts 
of the advocate, is recognized and has been favorably commented on in the 
opinions of the courts. Mr. Hayne's practice includes, as specialties, cor- 
poration, transportation and admiralty law, and extends along the entire 
Eastern seaboard and into the interior. He frequently represents the Amer- 
ican and English underwriters in admiralty matters, and, because of his 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 521 

familiarity with the general and departmental work of transportation com- 
panies, his advice is regarded as sound on the legal problems relating 
thereto. 

Transportation is one of the most vital questions before the people. 
The distinction between land and water transportation has been more or 
less confused, for in the effort to include land transporation within regulat- 
ing laws, an attempt has been made to apply the same laws to water trans- 
portation, which operates under different conditions. 

August, 1908, Mr. Hayne wrote his first pamphlet covering this ques- 
tion, under the title "Bearing of the Interstate Commerce Act and Its 
Amendments on Water Routes", together with an appendix embracing a 
history of the legislation from the enactment of the original Interstate Com- 
merce Act to date, and appeared before traffic bodies, illustrating his views. 
He was commissioned to represent a large number of water lines before the 
Interstate Commerce Commission. 

February i, 1910, a meeting of independent water lines of the United 
States was called at Washington, of which Mr. Hayne was made chair- 
man, and which resulted in the publication of a brief prepared by Mr. 
Hayne, designated "Competition between Waterways and Railroads", in 
which the entire subject has been exhaustively treated. After a long and 
arduous contest, with vigorous aid from the water lines and many trade 
bodies and public-spirited citizens, the water interests succeeded in their 
contention. 

In the latter part of 1907, the Interstate Commerce Commission, at the 
request of western shippers and the rail lines serving their territory, 
projected the Revised Uniform Bill of Lading, but it did not meet the con- 
ditions of the Southern rail lines, neither did it take care of the quarantine 
question with sufficient fullness, nor did it contain provisions necessary to 
protect coastwise or interior water shipping. Mr. Hayne, then general 
solicitor of the Merchants and Miners Transportation Company, was dele- 
gated by the water lines serving the Atlantic coast and the railroads east of 
the Mississippi and south of the Ohio rivers, connecting with those lines, 
to frame a bill of lading upon which all could unite, and which would be in 
the direction of uniformity, so that it might be possible at some time to 
unite on a single form for the whole country. This was accomplished under 
what is now known as the Revised Standard Bill of Lading, which was 
prepared by Mr. Hayne, as a committee of one, and assented to and put 
into effect by substantially every rail carrier south of the Ohio and east of 
the Mississippi, and by all the water lines on the Atlantic coast serving that 
territory. This subject has been illustrated in his final report to the carriers 
under the title "Explanation of the Difference between the Revised 'Stand- 
ard' and Revised 'Uniform' Bills of Lading." For practically two years 
the greater part of Mr. Hayne's time, thought and labor were devoted to 
this question, and on February 23, 1909, at the request of the transporta- 
tion lines of the territory involved, he delivered an address before the Senate 
Judiciary Committee of North Carolina, in which he dealt fully with the 
subject, and his address was printed and distributed by the financial interests 
of that section, as an impartial, fair and satisfactory treatment of the 
subject. 

Mr. Hayne gave his services in these matters without compensation, 
believing that to establish a correct principle in the water line and bill of 
lading matters, both of which affected the public as well as the carriers, he 
could not serve as the paid advocate of any special interest. 

Mr. Hayne, after four years of hard work, succeeded in establishing 



522 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

a lightship at the buoy marking the tail of the horseshoe at the entrance 
to Chesapeake Bay. 

His latest pubhc work is a recently completed, revised and enlarged 
edition of A Manual of Precautionary Aids to Mariners. This work has re- 
ceived close study and practical application during the past fifteen years. It 
was issued in 1907 for private distribution as Helps and Suggestions for 
Navigators; the demand for it required the present edition. It is highly 
esteemed by the legal and nautical professions, and is regarded as an 
essential aid to a clear understanding of the government rules designed to 
prevent marine collision. It has been adopted by some of the largest marine 
interests of the United States, as their handbook. 

Mr. Hayne was one of the original fourteen members who founded 
the ^Maritime Law Association of the United States, an organization of great 
influence in moulding national and international maritime law. As general 
solicitor of the Merchants and Miners Transportation Company, which 
reaches from Boston, Massachusetts, to Jacksonville, Florida, his practice 
extends to practically every Atlantic seaport and many interior points. A 
man of action rather than words, he demonstrates his public spirit by actual 
achievements which advance the prosperity and wealth of the community. 

In politics. Mr. Hayne may be classed as an Independent, regarding, in 
the absence of great controlling interests, the man, rather than the party. 
Brought up in the faith of the Methodist Episcopal church, he retains for 
that denomination feelings of peculiar affection, but is possessed of that 
broad and tolerant spirit which sees good in all sects and creeds. He is of 
stoical mould and an altruist by temperament. As a means of maintaining 
physical vigor, Mr. Hayne values above everything else fresh air and exer- 
cise. His favorite diversions are chess, music, and the study of the sciences. 

Mr. Hayne married, August 23, 1884, Annie Estelle, daughter of D. T. 
and Matilda Sheriff, of Landover, Prince George county, Maryland. A 
large tract of land, on the District of Columbia line, known as ''Fife En- 
larged," which descended from the original patents, still remains in the 
family. Her grandmother, Mrs. Susan B. Sheriff, was a Miss Beall, and a 
direct descendant of Ninian Beall, one of Maryland's first settlers. Mrs. 
Sheriff is still the owner of large tracts of land at Bennings, District of 
Columbia, which descended through that family from original patents, and 
is still known as Beall's Pleasure. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hayne have one son, George Harvey Hayne. The home 
over which Mrs. Hayne presides is a center of gracious and refined hospi- 
tality. She is, moreover, one of those rare women who combine with perfect 
womanliness and domesticity an intuitive sound judgment, traits which en- 
dear her to the members of her household and friends. 

The advice given by Mr. Hayne, on an occasion in which his views were 
solicited, to young men beginning life, is well worthy of being preserved 
and pondered by those to whom it is addressed, and, indeed, by men of 
every age and condition. He said : "I regard essential qualities toward 
proper advancement, to be well-directed concentration intensely directed to 
the work in hand, with capacity for continuous effort. To this must be 
added a love for work and achievement, without regard to the compensation 
involved, and, above all, spiritual courage and determination in the dark 
hours of constructive periods". 

Courteous and kindly, but keen, astute and decisive, he is quick to see 
and embrace an opportunity, and his mature judgment and ripe experience 
cause him to be much sought as a sagacious and capable adviser. In con- 
templating Mr. Hayne's career, it is worthy of remark that great cities are 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 523 

built up and prosper, institutions are founded, and national progress is fur- 
thered, by men of this type. 

1353861 

ALEXANDER H. ROBERTSON 

The present work would be incomplete if it failed to make a record of 
the lives of those men who have risen to professional eminence in Baltimore, 
as well as those who, by a series of successful efforts, have gained a position 
in the first ranks of our citizens as bankers, merchants and business men, 
or who have attained great wealth, or contributed to the material advance- 
ment of the city in the purely business walks of life. No city on the conti- 
nent can furnish the same long list of distinguished names in the profes- 
sions, of men who have achieved distinction as doctors, lawyers, scholars 
and divines, as Baltimore. Among men of this class, whose names and repu- 
tations belong particularly to the city, is Hon. Alexander H. Robertson, who 
is still in the prime of life, of a robust constitution, and with, it is to be 
hoped, many years of usefulness before him. His social nature has secured 
to him hosts of friends in private life, while his well-established reputation 
for honorable dealing has brought him a large and lucrative practice. 

(I) Gared Robertson, the first of the name of the line here under con- 
sideration of whom we have definite information, was a lifelong resident of 
Charles county, Maryland, where he was an old-style planter. He was a 
man of many kindly impulses and this, together with his personality, of it- 
self an interesting study, attracted people to him and made him one of the 
influential men of the community. He married Catherine Hanson, a native 
of Charles county, Maryland. Children : Walter Hanson, John Richard, 
Dr. Alexander Hanson, Hoskin Hanson and Catherine B. 

(II) Dr. Alexander Hanson Robertson, son of Gared and Catherine 
(Hanson) Robertson, was born in Charles county, Maryland, June 15, 1813, 
died June 21, 1899, in Baltimore. Maryland. He was a graduate of Jeffer- 
son University of Pennsylvania, class of 1836-37. He practiced his medical 
profession in St. Mary and Charles counties with much success, and in 
1882 retired from active life and settled in Baltimore, where he spent the 
remainder of his life. He was very active in the Episcopal church of 
Charles county, and was much esteemed and highly respected for his many 
good characteristics in the community. It is men like Dr. Robertson that 
are intelligent factors in every idea and work that helps to develop the 
success of all communities, and it is hoped for the civic pride and substan- 
tiality of Baltimore that there are many more who will emulate his character 
and good works. He married Virlinda Stone, daughter of Gerard Fowke, 
of Charles county, Maryland. She was born in Charles county, died March 
5, 1871, aged fifty-eight years. Children: i. Catherine Fowke. 2. William 
A., who by an act of the Legislature changed his surname to Fowke to per- 
petuate his mother's name. He married Jennie Ferguson Stonestreet, of 
Charles county, Maryland; children: William A. Jr., and Benjamin Stone- 
street Fowke. 3. Alexander Hanson, see forward. 

(III) Hon. Alexander Hanson Robertson, son of Dr. Alexander Han- 
son and Virlinda Stone (Fowke) Robertson, was born in Charles county, 
Maryland, July 27, 1849. He received his principal education in the Char- 
lotte Hall School, St. Mary's county, Maryland, graduating in the class of 
1868. He then studied law with John P. Poe at Baltimore, and later 
attended the University of Maryland, graduating in the class of 1872. He 
was admitted to the bar in the same year, and continued practicing his pro- 



524 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

fession in Carroll county with Judge William P. Mosley, remaining for a 
short time and then settling in Baltimore, where he has practised his pro- 
fession very successfully ever since. From 1895 to 1900 he was associated 
as a partner with William L. Marbury, the firm name being Robertson & 
Marbury. Since 1900 he has practised alone. Thoroughly conversant with 
the details of his profession, energetic in all his transactions, as well as 
honorable and high-minded in all the different phases of life, Mr. Robert- 
son occupies an enviable position among his fellow citizens, who willingly 
accord to him a place in their first ranks, not alone for his many professional 
and business qualities, but for every trait that marks the true christian 
gentleman and man of honor. As the professional man and the citizen he 
has yet to be viewed from another standpoint, that of the active man in 
politics. In 1888 he represented his district in the State Legislature, and 
served on the judiciary and library committee during that term. In 1896 
he was a Democratic nominee for the supreme court bench, and in 1903 he 
succeeded Judge Baer as auditor and master of the circuit court, which 
position he still retains. He is a member of the Episcopal church of Balti- 
more, serving for several years in the capacity of vestryman, a member of 
the L'niversity Club, and a Democrat in politics. He is a man of large and 
liberal views, public-spirited and progressive, charitable and kind-hearted, 
has the quickness of the progressive man and is alive with the spirit of the 
times. He is in sympathy with all that is useful and pure in the community 
in which he resides, and is an active factor in every movement looking 
toward the accomplishment of real and practical good. 

Mr. Robertson married, January 11, 1876, in Baltimore, Estelle Fisher, 
sister of the late Judge William A. Fisher. Children: i. William Hanson, 
born September 4, 1877; married Bessie Hughes, of Baltimore county, 
Mar>dand. 2. Mary V., born December 3, 1878; married Samuel Middleton, 
of Baltimore, Maryland ; children : Samuel Atherton, Alexander Hanson 
and Emily B. Middleton. 3. Louise Estelle, married William S. Hillis, of 
Baltimore, formerly of Philadelphia. Pennsylvania; child, Mary Louise, 
born in Baltimore. 4. Alexander Hanson Jr., born November 6, 1886; civil 
engineer by profession. 5. Katherine F. 



HENRY JAMES 



Few men have filled a larger place in the financial world of Baltimore 
than did the late Henry James, president of the Citizens' National Bank, and 
for a long period prominently identified with the well-known lumber firm 
of Henry James & Company. Mr. James came of Puritan stock, a descend- 
ant of ancestors who, for conscience's sake, left the Old England for the 
New. 

Henry James was born July 21, 1821, in Truxton, Cortland county. 
New York, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Ingersoll) James, natives of 
Vermont and of English descent. The son owed much to their prudent 
counsels and the refinement of home training; morally, the influence of his 
early religious teaching was noticeable throughout his career, and for his 
strong physique he was indebted to the regular habits and healthful outdoor 
life of his boyhood days on the farm. After attending the common schools 
of Truxton and graduating at the academy there, his untiring ambition led 
Mr. James to New York City, where, at the age of nineteen, he began his 
business life. During his three years of employment in that metropolis he 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 525 

added to his education through business training and the broadening experi- 
ence conferred by a knowledge of the world. About 1843 he came to 
Baltimore and engaged in the wholesale lumber business, his indomitable 
energy, honesty of purpose, integrity and fair dealing inspiring confidence 
and bringing him such a measure of success that he was able in a short time 
to establish the wholesale lumber firm of Henry James & Company. This 
organization purchased large tracts of land in Pennsylvania, erectmg mills 
on them as well as in Harford county, Maryland. The principal office was 
in Baltimore, with Mr. James as active managing partner, the other mem- 
bers of the firm being William E. Dodge and James Stokes, of New York, 
and Daniel James, of Liverpool. Several years before his death Mr. James 
retired from the firm, leaving it in the hands of his sons, Nathaniel W. and 
Norman James, under whose management it continued to flourish. Mr. 
James was founder and president of the Pennsylvania Joint Land and Lum- 
ber Company, his son, Charles I., acting as superintendent and general 
manager. 

Upon the death of John Clark, president of the Citizens' National Bank, 
Mr. James, already a director, was elected to the vacant office, which he 
filled during the remainder of his life. It was through his earnest and un- 
tiring efiforts that the bank enjoys its large and influential patronage. 
Among other enterprises with which Mr. James was prominently connected 
were the following, in all of which he served as director: The Traders' 
National Bank, the Northern Central Railway, the Peabody Fire Insurance 
Company, the Consolidated Gas Company, the Terminal Warehouse Com- 
pany, the Rasin Fertilizer Company and the Baltimore Warehouse Company, 
of which he had been one of the organizers. He was also one of the re- 
ceivers of the Campbell-Zell Company. As a financier and as one of the 
best types of the man of affairs Mr. James stands pre-eminent in the annals 
of Baltimore. In considering the welfare of the city of his adoption he gave 
to it an interest as thoughtful as he habitually bestowed on personal matters. 
As director, trustee and executor he was called to almost numberless posi- 
tions of trust and responsibility, all of which he filled with the most implicit 
fidelity. He held confidential relations with important corporations and 
public interests which he served with unvarying ability and integrity. 

Although Mr. James was a member of the Maryland, Athenaeum, LTni- 
versity and Merchants' clubs, he was not what is generally termed a "club- 
man", caring more for the domestic pleasures of his own fireside. He wor- 
shipped regularly in the Westminster Presbyterian Church, of which he was 
a devout member. His diligent attention to his work and his careful super- 
vision of its minutest details engrossed too much of his time to allow him 
to engage actively in political contests, nor did their excitement accord with 
his retiring temperament. Without party bias, he considered the qualifica- 
tions of the respective candidates, and cast his vote for the man whom he 
deemed best fitted for the office. 

Mr. James married, in 1851, Amelia B., daughter of Ammon Cate, of 
Baltimore, and the following children were born to them : Nathaniel W., 
mentioned below; Norman; Charles I., of Baltimore; Dr. Walter B. and 
Henry, of New York ; Bertha, wife of Harry White ; Augusta, married Allan 
McLane, of Baltimore; Emma H., wife of J. Hemsley Johnson, also of Bal- 
timore; and Amy, married Francis Newton, of New York. The home life 
of Mr. James was one of great beauty, his residence in this city and also his 
spacious and attractive country seat, "Tower Hill", near Catonsville, being 
centres of happiness and hospitality. 

The death of Mr. James, which occurred July ^y, 1897, at "Tower Hill", 



52t) HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

removed from Baltimore one of the signal men in our city's history. As a 
business man Mr. James was, in many respects, a model. The goal of his 
ambition was success, but he would succeed only on the basis of truth and 
honor. He scorned deceit and duplicity, and would not palliate false repre- 
sentations, either in his own service or among his customers or corre- 
spondents. No amount of gain could lure him from the undeviating line 
of rectitude. When the news of his death was announced the entire com- 
munity was deeply moved. Men of the highest standing, leaders in the 
affairs of city and State, who had known Mr. James intimately in his private 
and business life, were unanimous in their expressions of personal sorrow, 
and all, without reference to political faith or religious belief, characterized 
his death as an irreparable loss to the city of Baltimore. John W. Hall, 
president of the Consolidated Gas Company and the First National Bank, 
said: 

Mr. James possessed all the qualities of a grand man, a true and lasting friend, 
a noble citizen and a Christian gentleman. He was always honest, honorable, kind 
and gentle, but firm and true as steel. Baltimore will miss him, and all those who 
treasured his friendship will mourn a friend whose place will ever be vacant. 

An editorial in one of the Baltimore papers said, in part : 

It is with profound and mournful regret that we announce the death of Mr. 
Henry James, one of Baltimore's most useful business men, a citizen of rare intelli- 
gence, enterprise and public spirit, and a man endeared to all those whose good fortune 
it was to know him personally. 

He had been stricken with paralysis on July 21, and in view of the severity of 
the attack, and his advanced age, very little hope of his recovery was entertained. 
Of this fact he was well aware, and up to the last moment of consciousness he main- 
tained that serenity of mind and calmly courageous spirit which had served him so 
well during the arduous trials of a long and eventful life. 

Mr. James was essentially one of those who, in addition to his own achievements, 
believed in encouraging other worthy strugglers in the race of life. There are scores 
and hundreds of people in this broad city who can gratefully testify to his timely in- 
terposition in enabling them to buy their homes, or to meet their onerous business 
contracts ; of those who were the recipients not only of his assistance at crucial mo- 
ments, but who were also the beneficiaries of that sage and practical counsel of 
which he was at all times the consummate master. To this grateful contingent of 
surviving friends the name and fame of Mr. James will always remain a fond and 
enduring memory. 

For this firm and spotless man of business, the citizen of broad and liberal en- 
terprise, this genial friend, tried and true under the most exacting circumstances, all 
will breathe for him the best of prayers, Requiescat in pace. 

The half century and more during which Mr. James was a power in 
the financial world of Baltimore marked an epoch in the material prosperity 
of our city, and her financial history, for the next half century, will be 
largely made and moulded by the guiding force and controlling influence of 
this noble and public-spirited man, exerted as it was in ways which insure 
far-reaching results. His works follow him. 



NATHANIEL W. JAMES 

Nathaniel W. James, president of the lumber company bearing his 
name and vice-president of the Merchants and Miners Transportation Com- 
pany, widely known in the commercial life of Baltimore as a man of sterling 
business qualities, was at the time of his death one of the most conspicuous 
figures in the mercantile circles of our city. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 527 

Mr. James was a son of the late Henry and Amelia B. (Gate) James, 
and was born in Baltimore in 1852. He received, under the supervision of 
his father, a liberal training in the lumber business, and the company which 
he conducted for so many years is not only one of the most widely known 
in Baltimore, but one of the best known throughout the South. A number 
of years ago he was elected a director of the Merchants and Miners Trans- 
portation Company and his service on that board was characterized by the 
same keen judgment which he displayed in the lumber business. His value 
was quickly recognized by the other members of the board and his appoint- 
ment as secretary followed. In that capacity he served until elected first 
vice-president. He was a director of the First National Bank and the Lou- 
don Park Cemetery Company. Through his association with the transpor- 
tation company and his lumber interests Mr. James made a host of friends. 
He also served on the board of directors of the Mercantile Trust Company. 

The social nature of Mr. James was a strongly marked feature of his 
character. He was a member of the Maryland, the Merchants' and the Bal- 
timore Country clubs, in all of which he was ever a welcome presence and 
a moving power. He was for many years a vestryman of St. Timothy's 
Protestant Episcopal Church at Catonsville. 

It was at this place that Mr. James resided and there he will long be 
remembered and mourned. He was known for his enterprising spirit. 
When the old Catonsville Country Club House, which was destroyed by 
fire several years ago, was first talked of Mr. James went among the promi- 
nent residents of Baltimore and solicited subscriptions for the building of 
one of the first and finest country clubs around the city, one which later 
won a national reputation for its tennis courts. When the Pot and Kettle 
Club, at Catonsville, was to be designed along the lines of the Fishhouse 
and Rabbit Club, of Philadelphia, Mr. James took an active part in its 
formation. 

Mr. James was also interested in the Catonsville Volunteer Hose Com- 
pany and was for many years one of its honorary members. At the time of 
his death he was associated with several other residents in advancing a 
large sum of money to the State Highways Commission to have the Fred- 
erick road improved from Irvington to Oak Forest Park, Catonsville. He 
spent much time in having the Frederick road sold to the State and later in 
having plans completed for its improvement. 

Mr. James married Fannie Ransom, daughter of Major A. R. H. Ran- 
som, of Baltimore, and they were the parents of two sons and two daugh- 
ters : Dr. Henry James, of New York; Nathaniel W. James Jr., of Balti- 
more; Mrs. Charles R. Spence ; Miss Beverly James. "Sunny Holme," the 
name of the James residence, was peculiarly appropriate by reason of the 
atmosphere of brightness and domestic happiness with which it was invested. 

It was in this beautiful home that Mr. James died with great sudden- 
ness, on July 2T„ 191 1. It is impossible to describe the shock with which the 
news was heard by his business associates, many of whom were his personal 
friends, and by the community at large, and the gloom which it cast over 
both Catonsville and Baltimore. All had a feeling of irreparable personal 
bereavement. 



LOUIS S. ZIMMERMAN 

Louis S. Zimmerman, attorney and president of the Maryland Trust 
Company, is a descendant of a highly respected German family, members 



528 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

of which were engaged in farming for some generations, and from whom 
he inherited many of the admirable traits for which the German race is 
distinguished. It is a noteworthy fact, and one which in no small measure 
astonishes the average business man from other cities, that many of the 
most important enterprises in Baltimore are controlled and governed by the 
brains and energies of comparatively young men. Especially is this fact 
noticeable in the great southeastern metropolis. Baltimore, with its three- 
quarters of a million of human inhabitants, has many men just entering upon 
manhood, or what would be considered manhood in the Old World, who are 
at the head of great business enterprises, and occupy honored seats on the 
boards of directors of vast and important corporate bodies ; who control 
and direct the movements of vital industries ; who plan and shape the 
financial policy of banks, insurance and railway companies ; who give an 
impetus to the entire business of the city. This is a marked peculiarity of 
the Baltimorean, who enters the battlefield of commercial, professional or 
mercantile life at an early period of his existence, and continues the struggle, 
never looking to the right or to the left, until death or old age puts a stop 
to his worldly speculations. 

Louis S. Zimmerman, son of Charles T. and Mary S. (Seymour) Zim- 
merman, was born in Baltimore county, September 8, 1876. His early 
education was acquired in the public schools of Baltimore county, and he 
then engaged in the study of law in the Law Department of the University 
of Maryland, being graduated from that institution in 1900. While pursu- 
ing his law studies, he was also, discharging the duties of a clerk for the 
Maryland Trust Company, with which he has been associated in various 
capacities since that time. He was appointed assistant secretary and treas- 
urer in 1903, and two years later became secretary. His rise from rank to 
rank has been an unusually rapid one. In 1906 he was elected second vice- 
president, in 1908 he was elected acting president, and in 1910 he became 
president, an office he is filling at the present time. He is the youngest bank 
president in Baltimore. 

In addition to his work in connection with the Maryland Trust Com- 
pany, he is connected with a number of other financial interests. He is a 
director in the Baltimore Brick Company; treasurer and director in the 
Houston Oil Company of Texas ; assistant secretary, treasurer and director 
in the Vera Cruz and Pacific railroad. In political matters he is an Inde- 
pendent Democrat and will not allow himself to be influenced in forming a 
personal opinion by partisanship. His religious affiliations are with the 
Presbyterian church, and he is a member of the University and Merchants' 
clubs. Tennis and aquatic sports are his favorite form of recreation, in- 
cluding motor-boating, fishing and swimming. In his personal appearance 
the nervous, energetic determination of the man is shown in every line and 
expression, his character being clearly indicated by his features. His per- 
sonal influence has always been given to those interests which further cul- 
ture in lines of art, and which recognize the common brotherhood of man. 



WILLIAM MAURICE MANLY 

It has been alleged against the American whose life is devoted to com- 
mercial pursuits that his nature becomes narrow through undue absorption 
in business, and that upon retirement from its activities he finds himself 
destitute of interests. This cannot be said of William Maurice Manly. 




//^" /// ///^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 529 

Identified with the social Hfe of the city, devoted to the occupations and 
sports of a country gentleman and with a large-minded interest in current 
events, few lives are as many-sided as his. Mr. Manly is a representative 
of a family the members of which in a number of instances achieved dis- 
tinction in arms and in the learned professions and indelibly stamped the 
name of Manly on the pages of our national annals. 

(I) Basil Manly, grandfather of William Maurice Manly, was a native 
of St. Mary's county, Maryland, but while still a young man removed to 
Bladen county. North Carolina, and during the Revolutionary War was 
an active and zealous officer in the Patriot army. As captain of a company 
he was engaged in many daring enterprises of which North Carolina was 
the scene. When a hazardous expedition was to be undertaken Captain 
Manly was expected to lead it, and always were his spirit and ardor fully 
equal to the occasion. Some years after the war he removed from Bladen 
and settled in Chatham county, where he married Elizabeth Maultsby, who 
•bore him three sons: Charles, Basil, Matthias Evans (mentioned below). 
Ambitious for his children, and determined that they should not suffer the 
disadvantages that he had experienced for the want of a scholastic training, 
Captain Manly and his pious and exemplary wife, who was a woman natur- 
ally endowed with strong mental characteristics, made their education the 
object of most earnest endeavors. At Bingham School, at Pittsboro, in the 
vicinity of their home, each of the sons received his preparatory education. 
Charles, the eldest of these sons, was admitted to the bar in 1816. took a 
prominent part in the public life of his day and in 1848 was elected on the 
Whig ticket governor of North CaroUna. He died in 1871. Basil, the 
second son, was for many years president of the University of Alabama, 
and was esteemed as one of the strongest and most eminent of the clergy- 
men and educators of the Southern States. Captain Manly, the father of 
three distinguished sons, was a man of naturally strong intellect and of the 
very highest character. 

(II) Matthias Evans Manly, third and youngest son of Basil and Eliza- 
beth (Maultsby) Manly, was born April 12, 1801, near Pittsboro, Chatham 
county. North Carolina, and in 1824 graduated at the University of North 
Carolina, sharing the first honors of his class with Governor Graham, Pro- 
fessor Sims and Thomas Dews. After graduation he was for a while em- 
ployed at the University as tutor of mathematics, afterward studying law 
under the guidance of his brother. On being admitted to the bar he settled 
in Newbern, devoting himself exclusively to his profession and soon attain- 
ing rank even among the remarkable bevy of lawyers who adorned the 
Newbern bar. He threw himself with all the zeal of his nature and with 
all his great learning into the cause of his client, and it was his delight to 
master and unravel the most intricate problems of the law. In 1840, when 
Judge R. M. Saunders resigned from the superior court. Judge Hall was 
appointed by the governor to fill the vacancy temporarily, and when the 
legislature met Mr. Manly was elected to that position. For nineteen years 
he served on the bench of the superior court, discharging the duties of his 
office with fidelity and impartiality and year by year constantly growing in 
public estimation. In December, 1859, the venerable Chief Justice Ruffin 
having a second time retired from the bench. Judge Manly was transferred 
to the supreme court to fill the vacancy, his associates being Chief Justice 
Pearson and Judge Battle. In 1864 he differed from the chief justice in 
regard to cases involving the power of the Confederate government, believ- 
ing that government to be entitled to the services of all citizens and dififer- 
ing from those who sought to limit its power unnecessarily. In some cases 



530 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

he found it necessary to file dissenting opinions ; in other cases, however, he 
was sustained by Judge Battle and the chief justice himself was forced to 
appear as dissenting. It has been mentioned as an illustration of Judge 
Manly's impartiality that his first four opinions were on appeals in cases 
tried by himself while on the superior court bench, and in two of these 
cases he reversed himself, the other two being affirmed by the court. 

Never, at any time in his life, was Judge Manly an office-seeker, but in 
1834, on the retirement of Mr. Shepard, he sat as the representative of the 
borough in the legislature, and again the following year, until under the 
constitution of that year, borough representation was abolished. He was 
a member of the convention which met in October. 1865, to take such action 
as would restore North Carolina to her place in the Union, and expressed 
the following opinion : "We make no point now whether secession is in- 
herent in our system of government as a State right. We do not suppose 
that a majority concurred in the ordinance of 1861 as a right under the con- 
stitution. But, nevertheless, they did concur in it unanimously as a declara- 
tion of independence ; that they did conclude that emergencies had arisen 
which justified such a declaration is absolutely certain." 

In 1866 Judge Manly was elected to represent Craven county in the 
senate, and when that body convened was chosen its president. At that 
session he was elected United States senator for the full term of six years, 
to succeed the Hon. John Pool, over whom he was successful by a large 
majority. The State, however, was denied representation in congress and 
Judge Manly was not permitted to take his seat in the senate. 

He continued to practise his profession at Newbern, and served as pre- 
siding justice of the county court of Craven county, giving to his community 
the benefit of his learning and ability in the administration of its local affairs 
until the court was abolished in 1868. He also served as mayor of New- 
bern, and represented the State's interest as State proxy in the Atlantic & 
North Carolina Railroad. 

Judge Manly was twice married, his first wife being Hannah, daughter 
of Judge William Gaston, and his second, Sarah Simpson, sister of Mrs. 
Kirkland, Mrs. Thomas B. Hill and Mrs. Henry K. Nash. He was the 
father of five sons : Matthias, in the railroad business in Norfolk, Virginia ; 
Clement, a lawyer, of Winston, North Carolina ; Basil, deceased, formerly 
of Newbern, North Carolina ; Gaston, deceased, of Baltimore ; William 
Maurice (mentioned below). 

Judge Manly was a singularly pure, simple, modest man, with a great 
wealth of character and learning, and few men have ever been endowed 
with more notable social gifts. He was a delightful host and a most effec- 
tive conversationalist, having accumulated a rich store of information and 
kept in touch with prominent men of all professions and callings. Fond of 
reading, a student not merely of his profession, but of literature, he was 
noted for his literary attainments, receiving in addition to his graduation 
degree of Bachelor of Arts that of Master of Arts five years later, while 
in 1862 his alma mater conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doctor 
of Laws. The religious affiliations of Judge Manly were with the Roman 
Catholic church. His appearance has been described thus: "Mr. Manly 
was a tall, spare man, with a noticeably long, thin face, much cut up with 
fine wrinkles. He had a firm mouth, thin Roman nose, and square fore- 
head, almost covered with reddish-gray hair, which fell from above and 
was combed up from the sides. Forget everything else about him you 
might, but having seen him even but once, you could never forget his eyes — 
small, steely, restless, incisive, half closed, set far back under jutting fron- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 531 

tals — eyes that at first glance seemed to see nothing, but that unquestionably 
did see everything." 

Judge Manly died July 9, 1881, lamented by the entire State. His 
eighty years had brought him honors richly merited. He was an upright, 
charitable, kindly man, and a judge whose record is as stainless as the 
ermine. 

(Ill) William Maurice Manly, son of Matthias Evans and Sarah 
(Simpson) Manly, was born February 24, 1859, at Newbern, North Caro- 
lina, and received his earliest education in the public schools of his native 
place, after which he was instructed by private tutors. He then went to 
work, in October, 1876, at the age of seventeen, in the offices of the Qyde 
Line of steamers in Newbern. He remained with that company until Sep- 
tember, 1879, when at the invitation of his brother-in-law, James S. Whed- 
bee, he removed to Baltimore, and with his help engaged in the cotton 
business. He was identified with this fine of business until 1889, when he 
retired, and has since devoted his time to the management of his dififerent 
financial interests and to looking after his farm and city properties. 

In 1887 Mr. Manly married (first) Fanny H., granddaughter of An- 
thony Kennedy, former senator from Maryland, becoming by this marriage 
the father of one son, Christopher Hughes. Mrs. Manly died in 1893. He 
married (second), in 1902, Mathilde L. Keyser, of the well known family 
of that name, the history of which may be found elsewhere in this work. 
Mr. and Mrs. Manly are the parents of two children: William Keyser and 
Mary Mathilde. Mr. and Mrs. Manly reside in summer at their country 
residence, "Elleslie", near Catonsville, Maryland, and in the winter at their 
town house, 1109 North Calvert street, Baltimore. 

Mr. Manly takes a keen interest in hunting and racing, and is one of the 
best known figures in the turf world. He is a member of the Jockey Club 
and president of the Maryland Jockey Club, an old institution famous in the 
history of Maryland, whose first president was Governor Oden Bowie. He 
is also president of the Elkridge Hunt Club, and a member and former gov- 
ernor of the Maryland and Baltimore clubs. Mr. Manly is a member of the 
Roman Catholic church. 



EUGENE VAN NESS 

Not always are the patrician and the financier found united in the 
same person, and not only united, but most ideally exemplified. Neverthe- 
less, in the business career of the late Eugene Van Ness, for many years 
identified with the well known banking house of Alexander Brown & Sons, 
a notable instance of this somewhat rare combination was presented. Mr. 
Van Ness, although a native of Baltimore, was a representative of a family 
for generations resident in New York, and having its origin in that wonder- 
ful little land which, rescued and defended from the ocean, claims the sea 
as its legitimate domain, and for centuries sent its ships to every quarter 
of the globe, to return laden with the spoils from every clime, thus making 
the country of William the Silent one of the richest in material wealth, 
as it has ever been in honor and valor, of all the lands the sun shines upon. 

(I) Gerrit Van Ness was born and died in Holland. 

(II) Hendrick Gerritse Van Ness, son of Gerrit Van Ness, was the 
immigrant ancestor. He was born in Holland, where he lived at Ember- 
land, and died in New York. He married (first) ; (second) at New 

Amsterdam, April 19, 1654, Anneken Wessels, born at Colon, Holland. 



532 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

(III) Cornells Hendricksen Van Ness, son of Hendrick Gerritse Van 
Ness, died at Albany. New York, prior to 1681. He served as magistrate, 
soldier and member of the cabinet, was a member of the Dutch Reformed 
church, and resided at Havendyck, Holland; Amersford, Long Island; and 
Greenbush and Albany. New York. He was betrothed, July 31, 1625, and 
married (first), the same year. Mayken. born in Holland, died at Albany, 
New York, daughter of Hendrick Adriensen and Annetje (Janse) Burch- 
gratt. He married (second), at Albany. New York, 1664, Maria Damen, 
widow (first) of Dirk \'an Eps. (second) of Hendrick Adriense Doesburg. 
Mr. Van Ness had children: i. Hendrick Cornelis, see forward. 2. Jan, 
married. April, 1683, Aaltie . 3. Gerrit, born 1645 ; married, Febru- 
ary 14. 1676. Maritje Pieterse Teller. 4. Gerritje, married Roelofif Cornelis 
Van Houten. 5. Hendrickje. married Jan Janse Oothout. 6. Grietje, be- 
came the second wife of Pieters Classen Wyckofif. 7. Simon, born 1670, 
married (first) Rachel \'an Deusen ; (second) Hester de la Mater. 

{IV) Hendrick Cornelis Van Ness, son of Cornelis Hendricksen and 
Mayken (Burchgrafif) Van Ness, resided in Albany, New York, and was a 
member of the Dutch Reformed church. He married (first) Annetje, 
daughter of Jan Everts; (second) November 25, 1688, Catryn Claes, born 
October 3. i'665. daughter of Claes Pipse and Maria (Bords) Van Dam. 
(Thildren by first marriage : i. Jan, see forward. 2. Gerrit, born 1681 ; mar- 
ried. June 12. 1709, Catalyntje de Forest. Children by second marriage: 
3. Maria, baptized March 6, 1692. 4. Ann, baptized December 16, 1694. 

(V) Jan Van Ness, son of Hendrick Cornelis and Annetje (Everts) 
Van Ness, was baptized 1684, and died 1747, being buried August 12. His 
residence was in Albany, New York, where he was a member of the 
Dutch Reformed church. He married, November 17, 1706, Catalyna, born 
October 21, 1685, daughter of William C. and Gertruy (Schuyler) Groes- 
beck. Children: i. Hendrick, born November 23, 1707. 2. Hendrick, born 
November 7. 1708. 3. Willem, see forward. 4. Cornelis, born March 23, 
1713; married, December 2. 1738, Susanna Switts. 5. Gertruy, born Sep- 
tember 17, 1 71 5; married Philip Hansen. 6. Anna, born December 8, 
1 71 7. 7. Catalyna, born April 10, 1720. 8. Rachel, born September 26, 
1722; married Philip de Forest. 9. Jan, born September 25, 1725. 10. 
David, born February 25. 1728. 

(VI) Willem or William Van Ness, son of Jan and Catalyna (Groes- 
beck) \'an Ness, was born January i, 1711, died July 14. 1774. His resi- 
dence was in Claverack, New York. He married Gertrude, baptized June 
22. 171 1, daughter of Pieter Meese and Janetje (Muller) Hoogeboom. 
Children: i. Peter, see forward. 2. William, born March 1737; married 
Elizabeth Cantine. 3. David, born August, 1745 ; married. August 14, 1770, 
Cornelia Heermance. 4. Jane, married, March 5, 1765, Robert Yates. 5. 
Nalalynter, married John Hyack. 6. John, born 1749; married Jane Brendt 
(Janetia Bratt). 

(VII) Colonel Peter Van Ness, son of Willem and Gertrude (Hooge- 
boom) Van Ness, was born at Albany, New York. December i, 1734, died 
at Lindenwold. Columbia county. New York, December 21, 1804, and is 
buried there. 

He was a lawyer and judge, a colonel during the Revolution, 
and filled numerous public offices. He was in command of the Ninth New 
York Regiment at the time of Burgoyne's surrender. About 1780 he re- 
moved from Ghent to Kinderhook, where he built Lindenwold, which was 
celebrated for its hospitality during the residence of the Van Ness family, 
and later became widely known as the residence of Martin Van Buren. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 533 

Washington Irving' spent much of his time at Lindenwold, and some of 
his best known works were written at that place. The rehgion of Mr. Van 
Ness was that of the Dutch Reformed church. He married, at Claverack, 
New York, September 27, 1766, Elbertie, born 1744, died June 20, 1806, 
daughter of Johannes and Elbertie (Van Alen) Hoogeboom ; granddaughter 
of Killian Hoogeboom, and of Johannes and Sara (Dingman) Van Alen; 
and great-granddaughter of Lorens and Elbertie (Evertse) Van Alen, and 
of Adam Dingman. Children: i. John P., born 1770; married, 1802, 
Marcia Burns. 2. Gertrude P., born March 8, 1772; married Martin H. 
Hoffman. 3. Catherine P., born 1777. died January 24, 1869; married 
(first) John Bremm ; (second) Abraham Van Alen. 4. William P., see 
forward. 5. Cornelius P., born January 26, 1782; married (first) Rhoda 
Savage; (second) Madalena Alius. 

(VIII) William P. Van Ness, son of Colonel Peter and Elbertie 
(Hoogeboom) Van Ness, was born at Ghent, Columbia county, New York, 
1778, died in New York City, September 6, 1826. He resided in Linden- 
wold, Columbia county, New York, for a time, then removed to New York 
City. He was graduated from Columbia College, New York, practised as a 
lawyer, and for many years served as judge. He was a member of the 
Dutch Reformed church. He and his wife are both buried in Greenwood 
Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York. He married, at Red Hook, Rev. John B. 
Romeyn officiating, September 20, 1800, Anne McEvers, who died Septem- 
ber 6, 1829. She was the daughter of Charles and Mary (Ver Planck) 
McEvers, granddaughter of John and Catharina (Van Hoorn) McEvers, 
great-granddaughter of Jan or Johanne and Catharina (Meyer) Van Hoorn, 
great-great-granddaughter of Cornells Janszen and Anna Maria (Jans) 
Van Hoorn, and of Andries Janszen and Vrouwtie Idens (Van Vorst) 
Meyer. Mary (Ver Planck) McEvers was the daughter of Gulian and 
Mary (Crommelin) Ver Planck, granddaughter of Samuel and Ariantje 
(Bayard) Ver Planck and of Charles and Anna (Sinclair) Crommelin, 
great-granddaughter of Geleyn and Henrica (Wessels) Ver Planck, of Bal- 
thazar and Maria (Loockermans) Bayard, of Daniel and Anna (Teslort) 
Crommelin, and of Robert and Mayken (Duycking) Sinclair. Children of 
William P. and Anne (McEvers) Van Ness: i. Edward, born November 
3, 1801 ; married Catherine A. Halcomb. 2. Harriet Mary, born August 16, 
1803, died March 26, 1825 ; married William Maury, of England. 3. Eugene, 
see forward. 4. Matilda Ehza, born April 10, 1806, died 1869, unmarried. 
5. Charles William, born October i, 1807, died at Kinderhook, March 13, 
1883, unmarried. 

(IX) Colonel Eugene Van Ness, son of Judge William P. and Anne 
(McEvers) Van Ness, was born in New York City, December 6, 1804, died 
in Baltimore, Maryland, May 28, 1862. He is buried in Greenwood Ceme- 
tery, Brooklyn, New York. He was a lawyer, and served as deputy pay- 
master-general in the United States army with the rank of colonel. He 
was an active participant in the Seminole and Mexican wars, and served in 
the Union army during the Civil War. He was a member of the Episcopal 
church, and had his residence at various times in New York. Baltimore, 
Washington, New Orleans and St. Augustine. He married, 1835, Julia A., 
born December 12, 1813, died February 24, 1891, daughter of Dn Nehemiah 
and Margaret (Underbill) Brush, and granddaughter of Selah Brush. Chil- 
dren: I. Ann McEvers, born December 12, 1835; married Henry D. Loney. 

2. Margareta Matilda, born November i, 1839; married Henry Hutton. 

3. Eugene, see forward. 4. William P., born December 18, 1845; married 
Caroline xMcKnight. 5. Julia Ida, born March 6, 185 1 ; married Granville 



534 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Ford Fisher. 6. Ann Gertrude Wightt, born January 5, 1855. 7. Wash- 
ington Irv'ing-, born March 8, 1858, died July 17, 1871. 

(X) Euqene (2) Van Ness, son of Colonel Eugene (i) and Julia A. 
(Brush) Van Ness, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. December 26, 
1842, died in Baltimore, Maryland, March 31, 1900. In his early manhood 
he became associated with the firm of Alexander Brown & Sons, and for 
manv vears held a confidential position with this great banking house, which 
is the 'largest of its kind in the city, during all this time his only bond being 
his integrity and honesty. The entire confidence of the house was reposed 
in him. and he frequently had under his sole control immense sums of money 
which had been entrusted to the custody of the firm. Such was his charac- 
ter, however, that the question of a bond never arose. Possessed of a high 
order of executive ability, he managed with ease and discretion the multi- 
plicitv of business matters which necessarily arose in his department, and 
in such a manner as to give the greatest satisfaction to all concerned. Mr. 
Xan Xess married Helena Bartow, daughter of the Rev. Thomas Sargent 
(see Sargent), a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania and a clergy- 
man of the Methodist Episcopal church, having several charges in Baltimore 
and its vicinity ; his wife was Sophia Carroll, a member of one of the oldest 
and most distinguished families of Maryland, rendered illustrious by "Charles 
Carroll, Barrister". Mr. and Mrs. Van Ness had children: i. Eugene Mc- 
Evers. a leading physician of Baltimore. 2. Bartow, born November i, 1870, 
married Jane Perry Butler. 3. Carroll, born July 5, 1874; married, June 
2, 1906, Rosalie Porter, of Annapolis, Maryland. Mr. Van Ness was a 
man of quiet habits, extremely domestic in his tastes, finding the attractions 
of his home superior to those of the outside world and refusing to belong to 
any organizations, the demands of which might draw him from the fireside 
which he loved. The lovely and home-loving character of Mrs. Van Ness 
well qualified her to minister to the happiness of such a man, and it might 
truly be said of her that she was the light of his dwelling and the main- 
spring of all his joy. 

yir. Van Ness was the owner of an orange grove in Florida, but the 
demands of his responsible and arduous business position were so unceasing 
and urgent as to leave him little time for recreation in travel. He possessed 
a genial, social nature, which secured for him many friends and caused his 
presence to be always welcome. The connection of Mr. Van Ness with 
the great banking house of which he might be said to form a pillar, was 
dissolved only by his death, which was caused by an attack of pneumonia. 
He was taken ill at his office, was conveyed to his home in a carriage, and 
in about a week expired. The void which the death of such a man leaves, 
both in public and in private life, is more easily imagined than described. 
So quietly had his great work been accomplished, so unobtrusively had the 
important duties of his responsible position been discharged, that few, prior 
to his removal, had fully reaHzed how truly essential his presence had iDeen. 
One very touching tribute was his. Those who spoke of him in the warmest 
terms were those who knew him best. It is only of thoroughly beautiful 
and sincere natures that this statement can be truly made. The mere fact 
that it was uttered with reference to Mr. Van Ness is eloquent beyond many 
words. 

In all the varied responsibilities of life he acquitted himself with dignity, 
fidelity and honor. His large experience and great energy were signally 
displayed in all he undertook. A man whose natural abilities would have 
secured his prominence in any community, he was eminently calculated to 
manage the affairs of the great establishment with which he was connected 




^^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 535 

and to grapple with the difficulties which from time to time inevitably agi- 
tate the financial world. It is difficult to speak of such a man, because any 
words, however, appreciative, seem feeble and inadequate, but perhaps the 
best description of his character, and the only one which does not fail to 
do him justice, is contained in the simple statement that he was a man of 
honor and a true Christian gentleman. 

(The Sargent Line). 

(I) James Sargent, who came to America, 1748-50, married Eleanor 
Taylor. 

(II) John Sargent, son of James and Eleanor (Taylor) Sargent, was 
born in Frederick county, Maryland, 1753, died 1836. Married. i774-75» 
Mary Frazer. 

(III) Thomas Frazer Sargent, son of John and Mary (Frazer) Sar- 
gent, was born in Frederick county, Maryland, April 10. 1776, died in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, December 29, 1833. He married, at Philadelphia, June 26, 
1804, Helena Bartow, born June 22, 1783, in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, died 
in Cincinnati, November, 1841. She was the daughter of Thomas and Sarah 
(Benezet) Bartow, granddaughter of Thomas Bartow and of Daniel and 
Elizabeth (North) Benezet, great-granddaughter of John and Helena 
(Reid) Bartow, of Jean Etienne and Judith (de la Majinelle) Benezet, and 
of Joshua and Sarah (White) North, great-great-granddaughter of Thomas 
and Grace Bartow, of England, of John and Margaret (Miller) Reid, of 
Scotland, and of Louis Jean and Madaline (Teslard) Benezet, of France. 

(IV) Thomas Sargent, son of Thomas Frazer and Helena (Bartow) 
Sargent, was born in Baltimore, March 30. 1805. died in the same city, 
August 14, 1879. He married, April 12, 1832, Sophia Carroll, born in Bal- 
timore, December 19, 1813, died in Baltimore, June 20, 1857. She was the 
daughter of James and Achsah (Ridgely) Carroll, granddaughter of James 
and Sophia (Gough) Carroll, great-granddaughter of Nicholas and Mary 
Clare (Carroll) McCubbin, and of Harry Dorsey and Prudence (Carnan) 
Gough. great-great-granddaughter of Zachariah and Susanna (Nicholson) 
McCubbin, of Charles and Dorothy (Blake) Carroll, of Thomas M. and 
Sophia (Dorsey) Gough, and of John and Achsah (Ridgely) Carnan, great- 
great-great-granddaughter of John and Susan (Howard) McCubbin, Nich- 
olas and Hester (Larkin) Nicholson, Charles and Clare (Dunn) Carroll, 
Charles and Henrietta (Lloyd) Blake, Caleb and Eleanor (Warfield) Dor- 
sey, Charles and Prudence Carnan, and Charles and Rachel (Howard) 
Ridgely. Achsah (Ridgely) Carroll was the daughter of Charles and Pris- 
cilla (Dorsey) Carnan, the former having changed his surname to Ridgely, 
granddaughter of John and Achsah (Ridgely) Carnan, and of Caleb and 
Priscilla (Hill) Dorsey, great-granddaughter of Charles and Prudence Car- 
nan, of Ready, England, of Charles and Rachel (Howard) Ridgely. of 
Caleb and Eleanor (Warfield) Dorsey, and of Henry and Mary (Denwood) 
Hill, great-great-granddaughter of Charles and Rebecca (Dorsey) Ridgely, 

John and (Warfield) Howard, John and Pleasence (Ely) Dorsey. 

Richard Warfield, Richard and Milcah Hill, and Levin and Priscilla Den- 
wood. 



WILLIAM WHITELOCK 

The Whitelock family, of representative English ancestry, came from 
Yorkshire, England. The four coats-of-arms in the various branches had 
the same shield, differentiated only by the crest. 



536 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Charles Whitelock, the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was 
a soldier in the Patriot army during the Revolution. One of his children, 
George Whitelock, erected a cotton factory near Wilmington, Delaware, in 
1817. The enterprise did not prove a success, and he removed in 1823 to 
Baltimore. ^Maryland, where he died ten years later. His wife, Sarah, was 
a descendant of Caleb Pusey, a prominent Friend in the Colonial days of 
Pennsylvania, who came in the year 1682 from Pusey Hall, Berkshire, 
England. 

William Whitelock, son of George and Sarah Whitelock, was born in 
Wilmington. Delaware, October 11, 181 5. Owing to his father's straitened 
circumstances, he received only a limited school education. Impelled by an 
insatiable love of reading, inherited from his mother, he obtained a position 
in the book store of Edmund J. Coale, on North Calvert street, Baltimore, 
then a sort of literary headquarters in the city. Removing afterward to 
Norfolk, Virginia, he completed his mercantile training in the shipping 
house of Smith J. Fisher. He returned to Baltimore in 1845 with moderate 
capital, and established a business which soon expanded into a shipping and 
importing trade with the Southern States and the West India Islands. Mr. 
\A'hitelock, appreciating the prospective value of Peruvian guano, then a 
new article of commerce, undertook its sale with characteristic energy, and 
by granting credit to farmers developed a lucrative trade. His business 
was not confined to that specialty, for he was a pioneer in the introduction 
of the phosphatic and other guanos as fertilizers to the agriculturists of 
the region. He erected in 1857 ^ ^^le warehouse on South street, and for 
nearly thirty years confined his attention mainly to the manufacture of fer- 
tilizers on Federal Hill. He was allied with various corporations as director 
and otherwise, and his wise counsel and sound judgment were active factors 
in the success of many important business enterprises. Mr. Whitelock 
served as president of the Old Town Bank, which he established in 1858; 
was one of the founders and the first president of the Third National Bank 
of Baltimore ; was president of the Washington Fire Insurance Company, 
and a director of the Firemen's and Merchants' Marine Insurance com- 
panies. In politics he was an old-line Whig, but from 1861 to his death 
he was a staunch Republican. He represented Baltimore county in the 
state legislature of 1876. 

Mr. Whitelock was endowed with the natural qualities of leadership, 
and, by study, observation, careful examination and application of princi- 
ples, he overcame the disadvantages of youth, and surpassed most of those 
who started in advance of him. There is no more honorable title than "the 
upright merchant". It is a distinction to be won in a warfare against inces- 
sant temptations. Not many escape unscathed and untainted, but William 
Whitelock was prominent among the best and most successful merchants of 
his city, not only because he was an eminent merchant, but because he was 
an example of true manhood, triumphing over the pressure and temptations 
of business struggles. Mr. Whitelock was a man of strong and discrimi- 
nating literary taste, and became widely known for scholarly attainment and 
comprehensive knowledge of history. The movements of nations and the 
work of a great people were always of intense interest to him ; the progress 
of the world was a familiar story. He wrote the "Life and Times of John 
Jay", published in 1887 by Dodd, Mead & Co., of New York. 

Mr. Whitelock married, in 1853, Jane Stockton Woolston, of Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, daughter of Stephen S. and Elizabeth Stockton Wool- 
ston. Both the Woolstons and the Stocktons are of English origin, and in 
Colonial times became prominent in New Jersey. Richard Stockton, of that 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 537 

Colony, was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. From 
New Jersey the family spread into Maryland, Virginia, and Florida, in all 
of which States it has been prominent. 

Mr. and Mrs. Whitelock's estate, known as "Wildwood", is near 
Mount Washington, in Baltimore county. Their children are George, Eliza- 
beth, Anna, Mary, Susan and William Wallace. 

Mr. Whitelock died at his country home, very suddenly, June 28, 1893. 
A signal man in the city's history, his name and record should not be for- 
gotten by the citizens of Baltimore, for he contributed no small part to its 
industrial progress. It is peculiarly refreshing, in days of defection, when 
names regarded as synonyms of commercial honor have become disgraced 
by suspicion, to turn to one who has closed his earthly account with a 
record unassailed and unassailable. Such men restore our waning confi- 
dence, and encourage us to strive for that legitimate success which is attain- 
able. None has left a brighter record than William Whitelock. 



GEORGE WHITELOCK 

The lawyers of Maryland have always been in the vanguard of the 
profession. The State's judges, counsellors and pleaders have been among 
the ablest jurists and statesmen of the Nation. The past standard of its 
bar is upheld by its present representatives, and by none more ably than by 
George Whitelock, a leading lawyer of Baltimore, and senior member of the 
firm of Whitelock, Deming & Kemp. 

George Whitelock was born December 25, 1854, in Baltimore ; he is a 
son of the late William Whitelock, a sketch of whom appears in this work, 
which contains a record of the Whitelocks and mention of the Stocktons, 
from whom Mr. Whitelock is descended through his mother, Mrs. Jane 
Stockton (Woolston) Whitelock. Soon after the birth of George White- 
lock, his parents removed to the neighborhood of Mount Washington, Bal- 
timore county, and here, at "Wildwood", the country residence still owned 
by the family, the greater portion of his youth was passed. He attended 
private schools in Baltimore county and city, and then entered the Penn- 
sylvania Military College, where by graduation he completed a course in 
civil engineering. He studied law at the University of Maryland, and is an 
alumnus of that institution, of the class of 1875. He has always taken 
special interest in literature and linguistic study, and was a student in Ro- 
mance Philology at Johns Hopkins University. He is a member of the 
Modern Language Association of America, and is proficient in French, Ital- 
ian and German. For a time he studied in Leipzig, Germany. 

In January, 1876, Mr. Whitelock was admitted to the bar of Baltimore, 
and at once began practice in partnership with Mr. Samuel D. Schmucker, 
his former preceptor, under the firm name of Schmucker & Whitelock. The 
firm became prominent and the association was continued until November, 
1898, when Mr. Schmucker was appointed an Associate Judge of the Court 
of Appeals of Maryland. The partnership was then dissolved, and for some 
years Mr. Whitelock practised alone, later forming the firm of Whitelock & 
Fowler, and finally that of Whitelock, Deming & Kemp. Mr. Whitelock has 
been connected with much important litigation, and his record forms no 
inconsiderable part of the recent juridical history of the State. His practice 
has extended to both State and Federal tribunals, including the Courts of 
Appeal in both jurisdictions, and the United States Supreme Court. It has 



538 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

embraced the fields of equity, admiralty, testamentary and common law ; 
also trusts, estates and commercial jurisprudence. 

The late James McSherry, chief judge of the Maryland Court of Ap- 
peals, once wrote of Mr. Whitelock as follows: 

George Whitelock is a lawyer of unusual ability and of a high order of attain- 
ments. He is an indefatigable worker. His energy is untiring. He is thoroughly 
familiar with the fundamental principles of the law, with their origin, their history, 
their development and their adaptability to new and changing conditions; and his 
strong reasoning faculties, coupled with his great power of analysis, his mental alert- 
ness, his quick perception and his vigorous physique, enable him to present with force 
and clearness, to court and jury, the legal propositions and the conclusions of fact 
which he may be called on, in his varied engagements, to maintain. His arguments 
are graceful, lucid, cogent, and always to the point. They give convincing evidence 
that he has an intellect, not only well stored with both a technical and a general 
knowledge acquired by assiduous study and research, but most admirably trained and 
cultivated in the line of his professional lifework. He is not a case lawyer who seeks 
parallels and precedents to rely on. He goes to the root of a question and grasps its 
underlying legal principles, driving them home with skill, discrimination and effect. 
He takes high rank at the Maryland bar. 

Mr. Whitelock has been a director in various financial institutions in 
Baltimore. After serving as treasurer of the Maryland State Bar Associa- 
tion, he was, on July 9. 1903, elected president of that organization. He is 
a member of the International Law Association, the Maritime Law Associa- 
tion, the Bar Association of Baltimore City, and the American Bar Associa- 
tion, in which last-named organization he holds the office of secretary. He 
is identified with the Baltimore Chamber of Commerce, the Maryland, Ger- 
mania. Merchants' and Baltimore Country clubs, the Union League of New 
York and the Metropolitan Club of Washington. He is a member of the 
Lnitarian Church. 

Politically, Mr. Whitelock has always been identified with the Republi- 
can party, but has invariably been liberal in his sentiments, avoiding parti- 
sanship. He has frequently refused nominations for office, but was promi- 
nently endorsed for Attorney-General of Maryland, and in 1903 became 
the candidate of his party for that office ; the year being Democratic, he 
was defeated at the election. He has repeatedly declined to permit the use 
of his name as a candidate for judge of the Supreme Bench of Baltimore 
City. In 1888 he served under Mayor Latrobe as a member of the munic- 
ipal committee on the extension of the city limits. He has never been an 
aspirant for political honors, but is consulted at times as to the policies of 
his party. 

Mr. Whitelock married, December 30, 1878, Louisa Clarkson Sauer- 
wein, a niece of the late Bishop Clarkson. of the Protestant Episcopal Dio- 
cese of Nebraska. Mr. and Mrs. Whitelock have two children: Roberta 
C, and William Marshall Elliott. 

Mr. Whitelock, though possessing in so eminent a degree a judicial 
mind, has the literary temperament, and has contributed to various periodi- 
cals a number of articles on literary and legal topics. Mrs. Whitelock is an 
amateur artist, and the author of a number of books of verse and short 
stories. Mr. Whitelock has made many voyages to Europe and several to 
the West Indies, visiting numerous places of historic and modern interest. 
He is fond of outdoor sports, and has not neglected the physical develop- 
ment without which the highest mental attainment is impossible. He can 
argue a case all day without exhibiting fatigue, and can cover as many holes 
on the golf links as almost any other enthusiast. He is an ardent cyclist, and 
furnishes a perfect exemplification of the saying, "Mens sana in corpore 
sano". 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 539 

Mr. Whitelock has frequently been mentioned for a place on the bench. 
It rests with himself to say whether the hopes of his friends shall be realized. 
He has won laurels at the bar. Whether he will achieve distinction as a 
magistrate of his city or his state, the future alone can reveal. But this is 
certain : Should he be called by his fellow citizens to serve them in any 
capacity, the duties of the office will be discharged, without regard to popu- 
lar favor, wisely, energetically, faithfully and courageously. 



HENRY WILLIAMS 

Among the representative citizens of Baltimore, who by their own hon- 
orable exertions and moral attributes have carved out for themselves friends, 
affluence and position, and by the strength and force of their own characters 
have overcome obstacles which to others less hopeful and less courageous 
would seem unsurmountable, must appear the name of Henry Williams, 
which has ever stood as a synonym for all that was enterprising in business 
and progressive in citizenship. His ancestors, both paternal and maternal, 
were of English descent, those on the paternal side coming to this country 
in the early days of its settlement and locating in South Carolina, from 
whence they removed to Montgomery county, Maryland ; and on the ma- 
ternal side they were among the earliest settlers of Maryland, one of them 
having been a member of the council of the governor of Maryland, in 1698, 
and some of them later distinguishing themselves in the Revolutionary 
period. 

Rev. Henry Williams, father of Henry Williams, was born in Mont- 
gomery county, Maryland, January 20, 1810, died April 8, 1852. He was a 
Protestant Episcopal minister. He married Priscilla Elizabeth Chew, born 
in Maryland, July 25, 1809, died July 6, 1881. She was a granddaughter 
of Samuel Chew, whose name appears in colonial history as a member of 
the Federation of Freemen, and was one of the members of the Maryland 
House of Delegates who in 1780 made personal subscriptions to aid the 
country in its hour of distress, Samuel Chew giving ten hogsheads of to- 
bacco. Rev. Henry and Priscilla Elizabeth (Chew) Williams were the 
parents of five children: i. John Hamilton Chew, deceased. 2. Ferdinand, 
a prominent member of the bar of Cumberland, Maryland, and a foremost 
judge of the court. 3. Samuel Chew, in the service of the Consolidated Gas 
Company of Baltimore. 4. Thomas John Chew, connected with the editorial 
department of the Baltimore Sun. 5. Henry, see forward. 

Henry Williams was born in Calvert county, Maryland, October 9, 
1840. He attended a private school in Calvert county, and completed his 
studies at the school of Mr. Topping, who conducted a noted private school 
in Baltimore. Subsequently he read law in the office of Charles J. M. 
Gwinn, one of the most prominent lawyers of the Baltimore bar, and on be- 
ing admitted to practice commenced at Prince Fredericktown, Calvert 
county, where he succeeded in building up a lucrative practice. Seeking a 
wider field for the practise of his profession, he opened an office in Baltimore 
in 1873, conducting this in conjunction with his practice in Calvert county 
until 1875, when he gave up his former practice and with his family took up 
his residence in Baltimore. While a resident in Calvert county he was 
elected twice as a delegate to the State Legislature of Maryland without 
opposition, having the distinguished honor of receiving every vote cast in the 
county for this position. After serving these two terms, he was elected in 



540 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

1 87 1 to the ^larvland Senate, where he served his full term of four years. 
In the House of Delegates in 1865, Mr. Williams was one of a small minority 
of Democrats, but he exercised a strong influence which he used in aiding 
in enacting the law which enfranchised the white people of the State who 
had lost their votes by their Southern sympathy and under the test oaths of 
the war time. He was also largely instrumental in putting an amendment 
to the charter of the Baltimore & Potomac road, which completed the build- 
ing of the Pope's Creek Line. After taking up his residence in Baltimore, 
his mind was ever occupied with mighty projects for its advancement and 
welfare. 

In 1895 the Democratic party in Baltimore nominated Mr. Williams 
for the mayoralty, deeming him as one of its best and strongest members. 
Although he made a brave and determined fight, the fates were against him, 
and he was defeated, as were all the Democratic candidates for the various 
offices. Again in 1897 he was induced to allow his name to be placed on 
the ticket, but on account of certain circumstances and issues Vv'hich had no 
relation whatever to him, personally or politically, he and the entire ticket 
were defeated. In 1901 he was elected president of the second branch of 
the Citv Council, and as such was the acting mayor in the absence of the 
mayor and was also a member of the Board of Estimates. In this office he 
took a leading part in the sale of the interests of the city of Baltimore in 
the Western Maryland railroad. It was largely through his influence that 
the Fuller bid was accepted. The sale to that syndicate gave to Baltimore 
another trunk line to the West and the command of a -large part of the coal 
fields of West Virginia. In 1903 Mr. Williams was appointed by Mayor 
McLane collector of taxes for Baltimore, the best office in his gift, and he 
served in that capacity for four years. In 1907 the members of the Demo- 
cratic State Convention were elected with the expectation of nominating Mr. 
Williams for Governor of Maryland, but after the convention met it be- 
came evident that his nomination would not be satisfactory to certain of the 
public service corporations, and at the last minute the city delegation de- 
serted him. Since then Mr. Williams has made a tour of Europe and has 
led a quiet and retired life. He has the management of a large estate, and 
aids with his counsel and advice his eldest son. Mason L. W. Williams, in 
the management of the Baltimore & Carolina Steamship Company, which 
was established by the son, and of which he is president. The elder Mr. 
Williams has his office in the Union Trust Building. He is serving in the 
capacity of director in the National Bank of Commerce, the Colonial Trust 
Com-pany, the Central Savings Banks and other prominent institutions. 

There is no man who stands higher in Baltimore at the present time as 
a gentleman and business man of the strictest integrity, or is more popular 
among all classes of the people, than Mr. Williams. Selfishness is an attri- 
bute foreign to his nature, and in all the enterprises he has advocated or for- 
warded, he ever had in view the good of his fellowman. He is sociable and 
genial, pleasant and kind, very charitable and always ready to lend a helping 
hand to those in need, therefore his friends are legion, composed of all 
classes of society. His industry and energy, his courage and fidelity to 
principle, are illustrated in his career, and brief and imperfect as this sketch 
necessarily is, it falls far short of justice to him if it fails to excite regret 
that there are not more citizens like him in virtue and ability, and gratitude 
that there are some so worthy of honor and imitation. Mr. Williams is a 
member of the University Club, Merchants' Club and the Masonic order of 
Calvert county, Maryland. 

•Mr. Williams married in Baltimore, June 11, 1868, Georgiana, daugh- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 541 

ter of Captain Mason Lock and Matilda (Sparrow) Weems, the former of 
Scotch descent, belonging to an old Maryland family, and the latter's family 
were of Anne Arundel county, Maryland. 

Captain Weems was the son of Captain George Weems, who estab- 
lished about 1825 what was known as the "Weems' Line" of steamboats, 
later known as the "Weems' Steamboat Company". These boats ran out of 
Baltimore, down the Chesapeake Bay and the Patuxent, Potomac and Rappa- 
hannock rivers into all its tributary rivers. This line was one of the largest 
and most successful transportation lines on the Chesapeake. On the death, 
in 1874, of Captain Mason L. Weems, Mr. Williams retired from the prac- 
tice of law, became president and manager of the company, and under his 
directorship the business increased in volume and importance, becoming 
one of the most extensive and lucrative steamboat companies in Baltimore. 
He had many boats built and added to the line. In 1904, receiving a very 
liberal offer, he sold the property to the Maryland, Delaware & Virginia 
Railway Company, retiring from active business after thirty years in the 
management of the steamboat line. 

Children of Mr. and Mrs. Williams: i. Mason Lock Weems, afore- 
mentioned as the president of the Baltimore & Carolina Steamship Com- 
pany. 2. Henry Jr., treasurer of the company. 3. Elizabeth Chew. 4. 
George Weems, member of the Baltimore bar. 5. John Hamilton Chew. 
6. Matilda Weems. Mr. Williams and his family are members of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. 



CHARLES OGLE SCULL 

A very great city owes much to its business men, especially to those 
whose sound judgment and far-sighted sagacity control the future in deal- 
ing with the present and who, perceiving in advance the approach of emer- 
gencies, are never found unprepared to meet them. To this class of men 
belongs Charles Ogle Scull, vice-president of the United States Fidelity 
and Guarantee Company of Baltimore. In the quarter of a century during 
which Mr. Scull has been a resident of our city he has become thoroughly 
identified with her best interests and has proved himself one of the most 
loyal of her adopted sons. 

The family of which Mr. Scull is a member has been identified with 
Pennsylvania from the foundation of the Colony. Nicholas Scull came 
from England in 1685, purchased a tract of four hundred acres near Phil- 
adelphia, upon which he resided until his death in 1703. One of his sons, 
Nicholas Scull, became surveyor-general of the Colony, in 1748, and was 
a member of Benjamin Franklin's celebrated literary and debating club, the 
"Junto". John Scull, a grandson of the surveyor-general, and the great- 
grandfather of Charles O. Scull, settled at Pittsburgh in 1786, establishing 
in that year the Pittsburgh Gacette, the first newspaper published west 
of the Alleghany Mountains. He was president of the Farmers' and 
Mechanics' Bank, established in 1814, and one of the founders of the West- 
ern University of Pennsylvania. 

Charles Ogle Scull was born November 27, 185 1, in Somerset county, 
Pennsylvania, where the family to which he belongs is recognized as a 
leading one. He is a grandson of John Irwin Scull, and a son of the late 
Edward Scull, who was a prominent attorney and banker of Somerset 
county, and a representative in the fiftieth, fifty-first and fifty-second con- 



542 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

gresses. He died in 1900. The mother of Charles Ogle Scull, Louise 
(Ogle) Scull, belonged, like her husband, to an old Pennsylvania family. 

Air. Scull was educated in the schools of Pittsburgh and at Newell 
Institute in that city, finishing his course of study in 1869. In January, 
1870, he entered the service of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, on the 
lines west of Pittsburgh, in the traffic department, being stationed at 
Columbus, Ohio. His promotion was rapid, his superiors early recognizing 
his worth and executive ability. Courageous, cheerful, ready, clear in judg- 
ment, alert to opportunity, untiring in labor and masterly in the manage- 
ment of men. his success was due solely to his own efforts and to the abili- 
ties inherited from a vigorous ancestry. 

In 1886 ]\Ir. Scull came to Baltimore, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 
Company having secured his valuable services and appointed him general 
passenger agent of their lines. The qualities so conspicuously displayed 
early in his career caused him to be deservedly popular with the public and 
he was universally regarded as one of the best men in the railway service 
in the country. The intricate and onerous duties of his office were dis- 
charged with signal ability and he proved himself, in all respects, one of 
the most efficient general passenger agents to be found throughout the 
length and breadth of the United States. 

In April, 1897, Mr. Scull entered the service of the United States 
Fidelity and Guarantee Company, the consequent severance of his connec- 
tion with railroad interests being deeply and generally regretted by his 
colleagues and associates. Mr. Scull was destined, however, to again be- 
come identified with railroad interests, being appointed, February 11, 1898, 
general manager of the railway department of the company. About 1906 
he was elected vice-president. In appearance as well as in character Mr. 
Scull represents the typical business man, vigorous, alert, clear-eyed, with 
a countenance and bearing expressive of the determination and force of 
intellect which have been so striking exemplified in his career. 

The word which would best describe Mr. Scull's attitude toward poli- 
tics is "liberal". Allying himself with no particular party, he reserves the 
right to cast his vote, irrespective of platforms and partisan ties, for the 
man whom he deems best fitted to serve the interests of the commonwealth. 
He is a member of the Maryland, Baltimore, Baltimore Country and Mer- 
chants' clubs, and holds the office of senior warden of St. David's Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church at Roland Park. 

]\lr. Scull married, August 27, 1902, Ann H., daughter of Wilson 
Miller, of Pittsburgh. Mrs. Scull, a woman of culture and charm, presides 
over the tasteful home at Roland Park with a serenity and tact which 
render it most restful and attractive. A man of serious aims, broad views 
and generous ideals, happily gifted in manner, disposition and taste, and 
liked most by those who know him best, Mr. Scull is as frank in declaring 
his principles as he is sincere in maintaining them. 

One of the best known and most highly honored of Baltimore's busi- 
ness men, Mr. Scull's career has been rounded with true success. He is 
pre-eminently a man of action, one whose plans and theories, deeply con- 
ceived and deliberately matured, speedily crystallize into realities. The 
efforts and accomplishments of such men benefit not their own cities alone, 
nor even their own states, but the entire country, furthering the progress of 
civilization and ministering to the welfare and happiness of humanity. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 543 



RICHARD MACSHERRY 

It not infrequently happens that a patronymic comes to stand in the 
minds of the pubhc for those traits which have conspicuously characterized 
its bearers in the successive generations. The name Macsherry has long 
been a synonym for intellectual strength and brilliancy. The name of the 
Macsherry family is really de Hodnet, Odo de Hoddenet, who came over 
with William the Conqueror, receiving as a reward for his services the 
lands in Shropshire, still known as Hodnet. One of his descendants, 
Geoffrey de Hodnet, went to Ireland with Strongbow, in the reign of 
King John, and took up lands a little to the west of Kinsale in County 
Cork. In accordance with the Irish custom, his sons were known by the 
name of Macsherry, or "Geoffrey's Son", in the Irish language "Mac" 
meaning "son of" and "Sherry" "Geoffrey". From this Geoffrey de Hodnet 
the Maryland Macsherrys are descended. Geoffrey de Hodnet's principal 
residence in Ireland was (and is) known as "Courtmacsherry", and "Court- 
macsherry House", now owned by the Earl of Shannon, and Courtmac- 
sherry Town are situated on Courtmacsherry Bay, all in County Cork, 
Ireland. (See Irish names of Places, Joyce, vol. II, page 169.) 

Richard Macsherry, grandfather of Richard Macsherry, was an Irish 
gentleman who emigrated from County Down in the latter part of the 
eighteenth century and settled in Jamaica, whence he came to this country, 
becoming one of the largest landowners in the Valley of Virginia. He 
was a prominent Roman Catholic and all priests traveling in his neighbor- 
hood were entertained on his estate, "Retirement", in Jefferson county. 
The chapel at "Retirement" was for many years the only place in that sec- 
tion where mass was celebrated. Mr. Macsherry married Anastasia Lilly, 
of Conawago, Pennsylvania, and their son Richard is mentioned below. 
The master of "Retirement" died on his estate in 1822. 

(II) Richard Macsherry, son of Richard and Anastasia (Lilly) Mac- 
sherry, was for fifty years the leading physician of Martinsburg, Virginia. 
He married Anne C. King, a descendant of early Maryland colonists, and 
they were the parents of a son Richard, mentioned below. 

(III) Richard, son of Richard and Anne C. (King) Macsherry, was 
TDorn November 21, 1817, in Martinsburg, Virginia. He obtained his aca- 
demic education at Georgetown College, of which his uncle, the Rev. Wil- 
liam Macsherry, S. J., was president. He subsequently attended medical 
lectures at the Universities of Maryland and Pennsylvania, receiving the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine at the latter institution in 1841. He then 
entered the United States Army, serving for one year as assistant surgeon 
under General Taylor in the Florida War. In 1842 he was transferred 
to the Navy, serving during the following ten years, first as assistant sur- 
geon and later as surgeon. During this period he traveled extensively in 
various countries and climates, acquiring a large experience, both pro- 
fessional and general. He took part under General Scott in the Mexican 
War, and, being a master of the Spanish language and enjoying peculiarly 
good opportunities during the occupation of Mexico for observing the 
habits and customs of the people, he wrote a book embodying his experience, 
entitled // Puchero, or a Mixed Dish from Mexico, which was published 
in 1850 in Philadelphia. 

In 185 1 Dr. Macsherry resigned his commission and entered upon prac- 
tice in Baltimore. In 1862 he was appointed lecturer on materia medica in 
the University of Maryland and the following year became professor of 



544 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

the same branch. On the death of Professor Samuel Chew, at the close 
of 1863, he succeeded to the chair of the practice of medicine. This posi- 
tion he held to the close of his life, and during this period published two 
works, one entitled Essays and Lectures on Various Subjects, and the other 
Health, and Hozv to Promote It. He was the author also of a large number 
of lectures, monographs and articles in the medical journals. As a writer 
his style was simple and vigorous. He wrote good English, and was fond 
of apt classical quotations. His knowledge and reading were extensive 
and encyclopaedic, and his articles were practical in character, exhibiting 
close observation and judicious thinking. As a teacher he inclined strongly 
to conservatism, but his mind was ever open for the reception of new 
truths. His language was perspicuous and sententious, and his manners 
were quiet, unostentatious and grave. He had a genial disposition, which, 
combined with a transparent sincerity, and the strictest conscientiousness, 
secured for him the affectionate regard and esteem of his associates and 
pupils. Toward the young graduates, in particular, he evinced a polite- 
ness and condescension and a kindly interest which invariably won their 
hearts. From 1877 to 1879 he was first president of the Baltimore Academy 
of J\Iedicine, of which he was a founder, and in 1883-84 he was president 
of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland. He was a devoted 
member of the Roman Catholic church. 

Dr. Macsherry married Catherine Somerville, eldest daughter of 
Robert and Elizabeth (Kilty) Wilson, and their children were: Richard 
M., a sketch of whom follows ; William Kilty, deceased ; Henry Clinton, a 
physician of Howard county, and Allan. 

Dr. Macsherry was a man of fine personal appearance and most attrac- 
tive personality, which drew to him persons of the most opposite tempera- 
ments and tendencies. His insight into human nature was keen and was 
no doubt sharpened by his exceptionally varied experiences. The death of 
Dr. Macsherry, which occurred October 7, 1885, was widely and sincerely 
mourned. It might be truly said of him that he was a man universally 
beloved. His sympathy with humanity was so broad that it extended to 
all who came in contact with him. Large as was his mind, his heart was 
larger. His sensitive nature abhorred ostentation and his charity was of 
the kind that did good by stealth, far more and in many more ways than 
will ever be known. He combined with powerful intellect, indomitable 
vigor and true nobility, modesty, kindliness, geniality and gentleness, a 
most rare combination, found only in the largest and finest natures. 



RICHARD M. MACSHERRY 

Richard M. Macsherry, the mention of whose name recalls the remem- 
brance of that brilliant combination of qualities which made him an orna- 
ment of his profession and the object of the admiring and devoted loyalty 
of those privileged to enjoy his friendship, has left, as lawyer, writer, 
orator and man of afifairs, a lasting impress upon the history of Maryland. 

Mr. Macsherry was born November 13, 1842, in Martinsburg, West 
Virginia (then in Virginia), and was the eldest son of Richard and Cath- 
erine .Somerville (Wilson) Macsherry, the former one of the most dis- 
tinguished physicians of his generation, a sketch of whom precedes this 
article. 

Richard M. Macsherry received his education at Loyola and George- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 545 

town colleges, and in 1865 went to the Argentine Republic, where he en- 
gaged in commercial pursuits, residing principally at Buenos Ayres. In 
a short time he retired from business and spent several years in travel, 
visiting the majority of foreign countries and increasing his fund of gen- 
eral information, which, as all who knew him can testify, was of extraor- 
dinary wealth and magnitude. Upon his return home he studied law at 
the University of Virginia and later took a high degree at the University 
of Maryland. His extensive travels joined to natural aptitude had made 
him an accomplished linguist, speaking several languages fluently. In con- 
sequence of this as well as of his exceptional equipment for the legal pro- 
fession, he immediately acquired a large practice in international law, be- 
coming counsel for the English, Spanish, Italian, French, Swedish, Nor- 
wegian and other foreign consulates in Baltimore. The majority of these 
legal connections were maintained to the close of his life. He managed 
successfully a number of important trust estates. In politics he was a life- 
long Democrat and was prominently mentioned for a place on the Supreme 
Bench of Baltimore as the successor of Judge Duffy. He was a rare leader 
of men and was for years a dominant figure in the arena of public affairs. 
Seldom were his judgments mistaken. Frauds and pretensions of every 
kind he could not tolerate and never did he forsake a friend. 

In 1886 the King of Italy made him a Knight of the Royal Order of 
the Crown of Italy, in recognition of his efforts in exposing and punishing 
the iniquities of the then famous padrone system under which unsuspecting 
men, women and children were brought to America by false representations 
and became veritable slaves. To Mr. Macsherry belongs the honor of de- 
stroying this system in Maryland. At about the same time he received the 
decoration of a Knight of the Royal and Distinguished Order of Charles 
the Third of Spain for services rendered the Spanish government. 

For many years he practiced successfully before the Supreme Court 
of the United States. Governor Brown appointed him a member of the 
first board of directors of the Second State Asylum at Springfield. Mr. 
Macsherry took a deep interest in this institution and was instrumental in 
securing a site for the building. In addition to his professional eminence 
he was distinguished as a lecturer, writer and public speaker. He was the 
author of "The National Medals of the United States and Other Essays 
and Addresses", a work to be found in many libraries. He was an heredi- 
tary member and treasurer-general of the Society of the Cincinnati and a 
member of the Maryland Historical Society, the University and Elkridge 
Hunt clubs, the Bachelors' Cotillon and the Manhattan Club of New York. 
He was also a member and a former governor of the Maryland Club. He 
was ex-president of the Catholic Association, a director in the Catholic 
Club, and a member of the Oliver Hibernian Society and the Friendly Inn, 
and vice-president of the Society for the Protection of Children. 

Mr. Macsherry married Emily, daughter of Colonel Solomon Hillen, 
mayor of Baltimore in 1842, and a granddaughter of General Columbus 
O'Donnell, and their children were : Emily Hillen ; Katherine S. ; Richard, 
a graduate of Johns Hopkins University, now associated with the general 
traffic department of the Harrisburg branch of the Pennsylvania railroad ; 
Solomon Hillen, general agent in Baltimore of the National Surety Com- 
pany of New York ; and Clinton Kilty, now a lad of fourteen. All these 
sons and daughters evince the ability to be expected in view of their in- 
heritance. The two sons now grown to manhood are business men of more 
than ordinary capability and the daughters are most charming women, Miss 
Katherine S. Macsherry being especially brilliant and a recognized social 



546 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

favorite. Mr. Macsherry was a man of great charm and affability, which 
gained him the warm regard of those who knew him personally, and those 
who had the privilege of enjoying his brilliant conversation, running "from 
grave to gay, from lively to severe", replete with reminiscence and anecdote, 
with humorous disquisitions upon the topics of the time and upon litera- 
ture, will ever count it among their happiest recollections. 

"Courtmacsherry", the beautiful country home of Mr. Macsherry, was 
named in honor of the town and bay of "Courtmacsherry", near Kinsale, 
County Cork, Ireland, from which place his ancestors came. A few years 
before his death he visited the ancient abode of his race, thus more securely 
riveting the links between the old home and the new. 

It was at "Courtmacsherry", his beautiful country residence, that Mr. 
Macsherry expired June 28, 1898, in the fifty-sixth year of his age. His 
death, coming as it did, in the prime of life and in the fullness of his powers, 
was felt to be a widespread calamity. The loss to the legal profession was 
great and the many interests with which he was identified as a citizen 
caused a sense of personal bereavement to extend throughout the commu- 
nity. Of the loss to his family and personal friends it is impossible to 
speak. He was revered, loved and admired far beyond the measure which 
falls to the lot of ordinary men. 



REV. JOHN F. GOUCHER, D.D., LL.D. 

To have achieved fame in one direction is conceded to be an enviable 
condition by the majority of human beings, but in Rev. Dr. John Franklin 
Goucher we have a man who has attained eminence in all parts of the world 
as a minister, educator, philanthropist, traveler and missionary. In every 
one of these fields he has been undoubtedly successful, and in every instance 
he has always labored for the best interests of humanity, with never a 
thought of self-aggrandizement. His courage and fearlessness in the face 
of dangers which might well have daunted the bravest men, his personal 
self-sacrifice, his executive ability and foresight and his talent for conduct- 
ing to a successful issue a number of important affairs at the same time, 
are well nigh unparalleled. Perhaps his name is most frequently heard in 
connection with the college which bears his name and which was formerly 
known as The Woman's College of Baltimore. 

He is descended from a family which came to America prior to 1750 
from Brittany, France, and his father was John Goucher, a physician of 
note in his day in Pennsylvania. He married Eleanor Townsend, whose 
earliest American ancestors came from England to this country in 1680. 

Rev. Dr. John Franklin Goucher, son of Dr. John and Eleanor (Town- 
send) Goucher, was born in Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, June 7, 1845, ^"d 
a large part of his early life was spent in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His 
preparatory education was excellent, and he matriculated at Dickinson Col- 
lege, Pennsylvania, from which he was graduated in 1868 with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts ; he received the degree of Master of Arts from the 
same institution in 1872: of Doctor of Divinity, 1885; and Doctor of Laws, 
1899. Upon being graduated from this college he was offered several 
excellent business opportunities, which he declined in favor of the ministry. 
The great benefits he has conferred upon the world while following this 
course has amply proved the wisdom of his conduct. 

In 1869 Dr. Goucher entered upon his duties as a minister of the Meth- 




C,..y..jt^O<-^f>(^ y-0-'-<-'>-i. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 547 

odist Episcopal Church, in the Baltimore Conference, and as a circuit 
preacher was at once successful in having a number of churches built under 
his auspices. Several churches of Baltimore later had the benefit of his 
ministrations. He built the original Harlem Park Church and the Straw- 
bridge Church, the former being later rebuilt on a larger scale to meet the 
requirements of a larger congregation, and this work was undertaken by 
the Rev. Edward L. Watson, who had been a student under Dr. Goucher. 
The First Methodist Episcopal Church, at St. Paul and Twenty-second 
streets, is also a monument to the labors of Dr. Goucher and a testimony 
to his persistent energy. Many institutions are founded by testamentary 
bequests, or amounts given by persons so near their life's end that they 
realize they will have no further use for the wealth thus devised. Dr. 
Goucher has entertained views far superior to any of these, and was in 
the very prime of life when he donated the sum which made Goucher 
College a possibility. This was given as a touching and loving tribute to 
the memory of a beloved daughter, the amount being the sum which would 
have been used as a wedding dowry had she been permitted to live. This 
daughter bore the name of Eleanor, being named for Mr. Goucher "s mother, 
and the building was erected in the form of the letter "E." For many years 
Dr. Goucher served as president of this famous institution, which has well 
and truly been styled "one of the educational marvels of the South", until 
compelled by ill health to resign from this position. He was elected Presi- 
dent Emeritus, and his interest in the institution has but increased with 
the passing years. 

The College ranks among the highest of its kind in the country, with 
commodious buildings, modern equipment in every direction, and so high 
was the standard from the outset that it was at once necessary to establish 
a preparatory school to fit the students for the entrance examination. It 
was in accordance with this necessity that the Girls' Latin School of Bal- 
timore was established. Baltimore has long been noted for the educational 
advantages it possesses, and the reputation of Goucher College as an insti- 
tution of exceptionally high merit is world-wide. It has been the custom 
of the graduating class to make a presentation of some kind to the insti- 
tution upon leaving it, and this has usually taken the form of a stained 
glass window or piece of furniture. The class of 1910, however, departed 
from this time-honored custom, and presented a large bronze relief portrait 
of Dr. John F. Goucher, executed by Hans Schuler, and this is to hang 
in the main corridor of Goucher Hall. 

As a traveler Dr. Goucher has been all over the globe and encountered 
numerous dangers. These he has met with coolness and intrepidity, and 
on more than one occasion these qualities have been the means of saving 
his own life as well as others. A notable occasion in recent years was when 
the steamship Florida collided with the Republic, June 24, 1909, and sank 
while she was being towed back to New York. It was the custom of Dr. 
Goucher to carry an electric torch with him in his travels, and, as all the 
lights of the vessel went out, the torch enabled him to go all over the ship 
and assist passengers from their staterooms to the deck, from whence they 
were rescued. With the exception of ofificers and crew. Dr. Goucher was 
the last to leave the doomed ship. He immediately returned to Baltimore 
and resumed his interrupted journey from there, going to Egypt. While 
traveling abroad as chairman of the American Section of the Christian 
Education Committee of Educational Work in the Far East, according to 
a statement made by Bishop J. W. Bashford, the efforts of Dr. Goucher 
while on this visit will result in the founding of five universities. 



548 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

\\'hile achieving- magnificent results as a worker in the interests of 
missions and educational institutions, the private benefactions of Dr. 
Goucher amount to huge sums, and these are bestowed in a simple and 
unostentatious manner. As an instance may be mentioned the case of one 
of our learned college professors of the present time, who, as a student at 
Johns Hopkins University was so hard pressed by necessity that he was 
on the point of abandoning his college career. The case came to the notice 
of Dr. Goucher, who advanced the money necessary to enable the young 
man to continue his studies with the amount of mental and bodily ease 
which concentrated study demands, and thus added another name to the 
list of those who have gained fame in the learned professions. 

As a collector Dr. Goucher has an interesting method, which is that 
each article in his collection, whether one of utility or for decorative pur- 
poses, must have a history of its own which renders it worthy of preserva- 
tion. In this collection are to be found many rare books, gems, and idols, 
the latter kept as mementos of the uncivilized races who became converted 
to Christianity. The scope of the work of Dr. Goucher is almost un- 
bounded, and some idea of it may be gained by the following list of ofifices 
he has filled or is filling: President of the board of trustees of Morgan 
College, of Baltimore, having held the same office when it was known as 
Centenary Biblical Institute ; projector and chief benefactor of Princess 
Anne Training School and sister institutions, these being a series of insti- 
tutions for the education of colored people, in preparation for citizenship, 
vocation, or Morgan College for higher education. He lifted the debt of 
the Martin Mission Institute in Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. He 
projected and directed the organization of the x^nglo- Japanese College in 
Tokio, Japan. He founded the West China and the Korean missions, both 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. By appointment of the Board of 
Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church, he inspected the missions 
in Italy in 1886, those of Mexico in 1892, and those in Japan in 1906-7. 
He assisted actively in establishing and supporting primary and secondary 
vernacular schools in India. He is trustee of the University of Pekin, 
China. He was a delegate to the General Convention of the Methodist 
Church in 1888, 1892, 1896, 1900, 1904, and 1908 ; and was a fraternal 
delegate to the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, 1894. He is president 
of the American Methodist Historical Society, and has been president of 
the Maryland Bible Society since 1907 ; president of the Board of Gover- 
nors of the University of Cheng-tu, West China ; member of the Archaeo- 
logical Institute of America ; American Academy of Political and Social 
Science ; Anthropological Society ; The Asiatic Society of Japan ; National 
Geological Society ; American Association for the Advancement of Science ; 
Sons of the American Revolution ; Sigma Chi. He is vice-president of the 
Geographical Society of Baltimore. He is considered an authority on Meth- 
odist history, and on missionary work in general. 

Dr. Goucher married, December 24, 1877, Mary C, daughter of Dr. 
John Fisher, of Pikesville. Mrs. Goucher died in 1902. They were blessed 
with five children, of whom but three are now living: Janet, who married 
Henry C. Miller ; Eleanor, and Elizabeth. 

Mrs. Goucher was a woman of large fortune, which it was her chief 
pleasure to devote to those projects which her noble husband had at heart. 
Her intelligent and loyal help were a constant delight to Dr. Goucher, and 
enablerl him to carry out many a long-cherished plan which his private 
means would not have permitted him to undertake. The Goucher College, 
as mentioned above, was one of these ideas, which had been planned by 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 549 

Dr. Goucher while on one of his travels, during which he made most of 
his plans. Five freshmen and forty-three of various preparatory grades 
were admitted when the college opened, and from this it has grown to its 
present dimensions. Through the personal influence of Dr. Goucher $500,- 
000 were pledged to carry on the work, in June, 1906, and $80,000 were 
added to the endowment fund. During the preceding year he had pre- 
sented to the institution his fine residence at No. 2313 St. Paul Street. 

The versatility of Dr. Goucher is truly remarkable. As a writer he 
has contributed a number of works, among them being: Young People and 
the World's Evangelication, The Sunday School and Missions, Growth in 
the Missionary Concept, and Christianity and the United States. His home, 
Alto Dale Farm, beyond Pikesville, is a model of its kind, the buildings 
large and commodious, the farming implements and machines of the most 
modern and approved pattern, and everything is managed in a most busi- 
nesslike and systematic manner. In personal appearance Dr. Goucher is 
fine-looking, with blue eyes, gray hair which was formerly light brown in 
color, a full, short beard, and an expression of kindliness which at once in- 
spires confidence and love. 

It is difficult to estimate the value of such services as Dr. Goucher 
has rendered the cause of religion and humanity. It is not alone by what 
he has done that results must be measured, but by the influence his admir- 
able life has had upon others. Many of the younger clergy who were his 
associates have sought his counsel, which has never failed them, and his 
sympathetic and fatherly advice has helped them to spread the noble doc- 
trine which his entire life exemplifies. Tender and loving in the home 
circle, his heart is no less filled with love toward all humanity. 



RICHARD D. LANG 

Business men who possess at the same time administrative ability are 
the men who count most in the material advancement of a community. 
Baltimore has the good fortune to number among her citizens not a few 
of this type, among them being Richard Daly Lang, vice-president of the 
United States Fidelity and Guaranty Company. Mr. Lang is by birth and 
descent a Virginian, and has exemplified in his character and career the 
sturdy and aggressive traits inherited from a vigorous ancestry. 

He is the son of Theodore F. Lang and Susan C. (Fowke) Lang. 
Theodore F. Lang, descended from a long line of Scotch ancestry, was the 
son of James Lang, one of the pioneers in the settlement of that part of 
Virginia which later became West Virginia. James Lang was a man of 
afifairs, farming on an extensive scale, a mill owner and a merchant. 

Susan C. Fowke came of a distinguished ancestry, her father being 
Colonel Richard Fowke, a lineal descendant of Colonel Gerard Fowke, of 
Gunston Hall, Staffordshire, England. Soon after the disastrous battle of 
Worcester, in the year 1650, there came from England in the "good ship 
Assurance," Colonel Gerard Fowke, with his cousin. Colonel George Mason, 
author of the Virginia Bill of Rights. They were both officers of distinc- 
tion in the Royalist army. Colonel Fowke was the sixth son of Roger 
Fowke, of Breward and Gunston Hall. He in turn was descended from 
William Fowke, of Staffordshire (1403-1438). 

Colonel Gerard Fowke, the first American progenitor, settled in West- 
moreland county, Virginia, where he purchased a large tract of land from 



r":*"- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 



Nicholas ]^Ierri\vether. He was elected burgess from Westmoreland county 
in 1663. Subsequently he removed to Alaryland, locating at the head of 
Port Tobacco, where he acquired large estates. In 1665 he was elected 
unanimously a member of the Assembly for Charles county, Maryland. He 
was also colonel of troops for Worcester county, a member of the House 
of Burgesses, etc. 

The grandfather of the subject of this sketch was Colonel Richard 
Fowke, who was born in Montgomery county, Kentucky. At the age of 
eighteen he enlisted in the War of 181 2, in Colonel Richard M. Johnson's 
famous Kentucky regiment. He participated in numerous engagements, 
among which were the battles of the Thames and Tippecanoe. He later 
settled at Clarksburg, in what is now central West Virginia, where he be- 
came a large landowner, and held numerous offices of public trust. 

Richard Daly Lang was born February 29, 1864, at Clarksburg, West 
A'irginia, and it was in his early childhood that the family removed to 
Baltimore. He received his preparatory education in the public schools of 
Baltimore, graduating from the City College. His professional training 
was obtained at the Law School of the University of Maryland, from which 
he was graduated in 1891 with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Soon 
afterwards he became connected with the law department of the Maryland 
Title Company, with which company he remained several years. In 1898 
he entered the service of the United States Fidelity and Guaranty Com- 
pany, one of the largest corporations of its kind in the United States. 

Mr. Lang belongs to that distinctively representative class of business 
men who believe that the good of the community is best secured by ad- 
vancing individual prosperity, and his private interests never preclude active 
participation in movements and measures which concern the general good. 
A man of action rather than of words, he gives his whole soul to whatever 
he undertakes, allowing none of the interests committed to his care to suffer 
for want of close and persistent personal attention. His devotion to his 
friends has met with a corresponding return of warm personal regard from 
those who know him best. 

Mr. Lang is a member of the Merchants' Club and of the Baltimore 
Yacht Club. 



JAMES YOUNG 



One of the strong men of Maryland and for many years one of the 
political bulwarks of Baltimore is ex-State Senator James Young, Presi- 
dent of the Democratic Telegram, and identified, perhaps more thoroughly 
and conspicuously than any other resident of the Monumental City, with 
her fraternal interests. 

Mr. Young belongs to a family of English origin, identified with Mary- 
land from a very early period, the will of Richard Young, of "The Clififs", 
being recorded in 1665. In the same year his brother William appears, 
Nicholas, who was the administrator of Thomas Kent, and James, who 
was a witness to the will of Bulmer Mitford. Among the earlier Youngs 
appear Charles, George, Lawrence and Thomas. 

James Young, father of ex-State Senator Young, was a printer and 
publisher and took a leading part in the political affairs of his time. For 
six years he served as president of the First Branch of the City Council, 
was for a long time Acting Mayor, and declined the nomination for that 
office— which at that time was equivalent to an election — in favor of Mr, 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 551 

Chapman. In those strenuous days, when Governor Swann removed Messrs. 
Hinds and Wood, the office of pohce commissioner was held by Mr. Young. 
He was an energetic business man and most pronounced in his advocacy 
of the temperance cause. Notable as a peace-maker, he always avoided dis- 
sension, and was a gracious, genial gentleman. He was twice married, his 
first wife, Eleanor (Parks) Young, being the mother of his son James, men- 
tioned below. His second wife was Elizabeth (Stretch) Young. 

James Young, son of James and Eleanor (Parks) Young, was born 
in Baltimore. His mother died while he was still a young child, but he was 
most fortunate in his step-mother, whose influence over him was salutary 
in the extreme. She exacted from him a promise to refrain from undue 
indulgence in intoxicating liquors, a promise which Mr. Young has faith- 
fully kept. From his father, a strong, thoroughly well-educated man, he 
received every facility for mental culture, but, like many active, mischiev- 
ous boys, was disinclined to apply himself to his studies. At the age of 
nine years he was sent to Irving College, Manchester, Maryland, where 
he remained two years, afterward attending private schools in Baltimore. 
Meanwhile, he applied himself to his father's occupation, the art of print- 
ing, for which he displayed great aptitude. Beginning as a "devil" in his 
father's office, he worked his way up through every grade of the business, 
and now sees that the experience thus gained was of immense value to him. 
In the course of time he succeeded to his father's business, and being a man 
of progressive ideas put in new machinery, transforming the establishment 
into a thoroughly modern plant which expanded rapidly. Within a short 
time he was executing the press work of twenty-eight publications and 
proving his ability as a manager of an enterprise calling for intelligence, 
tact, skill and genuine business acumen. 

In politics Mr. Young is a Democrat of the staunchest and most un- 
wavering type, and as editor and publisher of the Democratic Telegram 
he controls one of the most powerful organs of his party. The paper was 
established more than fifty years ago by J. Cloud Norris, and in its man- 
agement Mr. Young has associated with him a number of the most promi- 
ent and influential men of Baltimore. In 1896 he supervised the building 
of the Baltimore, Middle River & Sparrows Point Railroad, and for a num- 
ber of years served as president of the company. He is now president of 
Oaklawn Cemetery and secretary of the Maryland Institute Schools of 
Art and Design, with one thousand six hundred students, an office which 
he has held for some years. Mr. Young also belongs to the Old Town 
Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association, and is president of the board 
of directors of the Maryland Female House of Refuge. 

Mr. Young has been active in the sphere of politics, and in 1882 rep- 
resented his district in the General Assembly. From 1904 to 1906 he was 
State senator from the First District, ran ahead of his ticket and served 
on all the important committees. Not himself a seeker after office, he has 
been a power to depend on in his party and has contributed to the prefer- 
ment of many of the leaders. In 19 10, in compliance with the urgent en- 
treaties of the Democratic organization, he became one of four candidates 
for the Congressional nomination of the Third District, but, through un- 
known but suspected causes, was defeated by less than two hundred ma- 
jority in the primaries. 

Mr. Young is, in all probability, the strongest fraternalist in the State 
of Maryland, being connected with no fewer than forty-six different insti- 
tutions and associations. He is a thirty-second degree Mason, affiliating 
with Adherence Lodge, No. 88, and is a member of Alhambra Castle, 



552 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Knights of the Golden Eagle, Fraternal Order of Eagles, Alpha Conclave 
of the Heptasophs, Baltimore City Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows. Red Alen. Sharon Encampment, Masonic Veterans' Association, 
Boumi Temple. JMystic Shrine, Concordia Council, Monumental Command- 
ery, Knights Templar, Mercantile Lodge, Shield of Honor, Knights of 
Pythias, and Sons of Veteran Volunteer Firemen's Association. 

He has written and revised some of the rituals of these orders and 
has held the highest positions within their gift. In all of them he has been 
an active member, having been led to identify himself with them through 
his genial nature, the index to which may be found in his pleasant, open 
countenance and hearty manner. Probably no man in Baltimore is per- 
sonally more popular, and not only is he a man of pleasing manners, but, 
better still, the possessor of a very clear head and a very well-trained mind. 
In organizations of a charitable or benevolent character Mr. Young has 
given his services without monetary compensation, his reward being knowl- 
edge of the good accomplished. The organizations named above are only 
a very few of those in which he holds membership. Military distinction 
was one of the ambitions of his boyhood, and by great good fortune it has 
been fulfilled. For seven years he served as First Lieutenant of Company 
B in the early history of the famous Fifth Regiment of the Maryland 
National Guard, one of the crack regiments of the United States, and 
commanded his company during the various encampments which occurred 
in the period of his membership. The honor of the captaincy, which was 
several times pressed upon him, he invariably declined. 

At the age of twenty-one Mr. Young married Sara Waite, daughter 
of the late Thomas J. and Sara J. (Waite) Gorsuch, the former lineally 
descended from the Rev. John Gorsuch, rector of the Church of England, 
and Lady Anne, daughter of Sir William Lovelace, Knight, of Kent, Eng- 
land, and the latter being also of English ancestry. The late Chief Justice 
Waite was a member of this family. Of the three children born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Young two are living: James (3) and Thomas Gorsuch. Both 
these young men are prosperously established in life ; the latter as a dealer 
in automobile supplies, and the former as an exponent of the histrionic art. 
James (3) Young is not only a good tragedian, but a lecturer of note on 
Shakespeare and his plays. James (2) Young is a man of domestic tastes, 
family affection being one of his predominent characteristics, and his wife 
is an ideal homemaker. Their family circle is surrounded with an atmo- 
sphere of more than usual helpfulness and happiness. 

Perhaps the most obvious, if not the strongest, trait of Mr. Young's 
character is his intense individuality. No one who has ever met him can 
possibly mistake any one else for him, or him for any one else. Endowed 
with a many-sided mental equipment, combined with an energy and an en- 
thusiasm which make him a tireless and effective worker in the many fields 
of endeavor which he covers, he has gained a success in life that is not 
measured by financial prosperity, but is gauged by the kindly amenities and 
congenial associations that go to satisfy man's kaleidoscopic nature. In all 
Mr. Young's activities his first thought has been the advancement of Bal- 
timore. The welfare of his beloved city is the ultimate goal of all his 
ambitions, the final object of all his endeavors, and faithfully and well has 
he served her. As editor, politician, soldier and legislator, he is and has 
€ver been, first, last and always, a loyal citizen of Baltimore. 




'ljXt-^cynlS> 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 553; 



ROBERT MORRIS JONES 

As man in society finds the most important feature of his Hfe is his 
relation with his fellow-man, so in the upbuilding of a state perhaps the 
most salient feature to be considered is its commercial relations with other 
states; and as it is with states and nations, so it is with cities, the founda- 
tions upon which they rest being their comimercial activities and the quali- 
ties of their leading merchants and manufacturers. The importance to a 
municipality, therefore, that its representative business men should possess 
the highest attributes of the race, cannot be overestimated ; it is in the 
hands of these chief citizens that its destiny lies, and with them its fortunes 
must rise or fall. 

In the proud list of her citizens, known and honored throughout the 
business world for stability, integrity and fair dealing, Baltimore has no 
cause to be other than satisfied with the record of that prominent merchant, 
Robert Morris Jones, now engaged in the pork packing business, into which 
he had introduced all the elements of success. The methods by which he 
has attained the high position which he to-day holds in the estimation of 
his fellow-citizens well attest his qualities of mind and heart ; courageous, 
cheerful, clear of judgment, alert to opportunity, untiring in labor and mas- 
terly in the management of men, he has carved out of enduring granite his 
success as a monument to himself and his exceptional qualities. 

The purpose of biography is to set forth the salient features of a man's 
life, that one may determine the motive springs of his conduct, and learn 
from the record that which makes his history worthy of being preserved ; 
and, though there is nothing spectacular in the career of Mr. Jones, it is 
characterized by high ideals of life's purposes and its objects, and a con- 
tinuous endeavor to closely follow them. His life has been one of unabat- 
ing industry, and, while he has never sought to figure prominently in any 
public light, his deeds have spoken for him, and placed him among those 
substantial business men who are the bone and sinew of the city, the foun- 
dation upon which all else is built. 

Mr. Jones is the descendant of an old Welsh family, tracing their 
lineage back to John of Basaleg, whose home was near Newport. War- 
mouth, Wales. His son Morgan emigrated to this country, and was one 
of the most illustrious Baptist ministers of his day, having been educated 
at Oxford, and a graduate with high honors. He wrote a history of his 
labors and adventures in the colonies which was of great interest. He ac- 
companied Major-General Bennett, of the Virginia forces, in 1660, as chap- 
lain, in expeditions into the Indian country, in one of which expeditions 
he was taken prisoner by the Tuscaroras and condemned to death. He was 
ransomed through the generosity of one of the chiefs, and afterwards 
treated with great kindness, so that he was enabled to preach for them 
three times a week. He is said to have remained with them until 1669. A 
man of good birth himself, he married Margaret, daughter of Lord Griffith 
Griffiths, and named one of his sons Griffith, in honor of his wife's father. 

This Griffith Jones, born on the i8th of October, 1695, also entered 
the Baptist ministry. He was twice married, having two children by his 
first wife and eight by his second. Robert Jones, the youngest son by his 
second marriage, was one of the charter members of the Goshen Church, 
the little log church built near Garard's Fort, in Greene county, which be- 
came famous as the place where the first Baptist church meeting west of 
the mountains took place and the Red Stone Baptist Association was organ- 



554 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

ized. This little church, measuring- about eighteen by twenty feet, was built 
in 1772 or 1773, during the time of the Indian troubles just preceding the 
Revolutionary War, and had a membership of thirty persons ; during one 
of the Indian raids the wife and children of the pastor, Rev. John Corbly, 
were murdered, but the faith survived through the storm and stress of 
those early days, burning with a bright and steady flame for the little band 
in the wilderness. 

Robert Jones married Jane Bolton, having four children — three daugh- 
ters and one son, John, who married Mary J. Brice, a daughter of Captain 
William Brice. Nine children were born to the couple, their third son, 
Benjamin, becoming the father of the present Robert M. Jones, who is 
the sixth of eight children. The family connection is thus a very wide one, 
including, among the descendants of the first immigrant, Morgan Jones, 
so conspicuous in the old days of the colonies, many persons of prominence, 
ministers, representatives, lawyers, judges, doctors and soldiers, scattered 
through every State of the Union ; the well-known Robert J. Burdette is 
descended from the same family on the female side. 

Robert Morris Jones, the fourth son of Benjamin Jones, who was a 
glass manufacturer and farmer by occupation, was born in Greene county, 
Pennsylvania, on the 5th of December, 1841. His mother was a Miss Mar- 
garet Kramer, of German descent, adding the strong strain of German 
ancestry to the old Welsh blood of his father's family. He was educated 
in the local schools of his native State, and when he reached manhood, 
at the breaking out of the Civil War, he served for four months in the 
army; this v/as in the year 1861, Mr. Jones then being only twenty years 
of age. 

After leaving the army Mr. Jones came to Baltimore in 1862, entering- 
the employ of the firm of Gray & Garrott, live stock commission merchants, 
about 1865. Mr. Garrott died shortly afterward, and a new firm was then 
formed, consisting of W. Gray and Joseph Judik, under the style of Gray 
& Judik, by whom Mr. Jones was employed, and in 1869 he was admitted 
as a member of the firm. About 1876 the old firm was dissolved by the 
retirement of W. Gray and Joseph Judik. The firm still continued in busi- 
ness under the old style, the members being R. M. Jones, J. H. Judik and 
E. A. Blackshere. In 1884 the firm engaged in the packing business under 
the name of R. M. Jones & Company. They also engaged in the erection 
of a number of houses, Mr. Judik attending to the building of the houses 
and the selling of the live stock, and Mr. Jones giving his entire time to 
the packing business. In 1906 the firm of Jones & Lamb Company was 
incorporated, and Mr. Jones was elected president, which office he holds 
at the present time. The firm also deals largely in salt fish, cheese and all 
kinds of dry salted meats. Mr. Jones, being the larg-est stockholder, feels 
it his duty to give his entire time to the business, and the great success that 
has attended the concern is proof conclusive of his sagacity and business 
abilit\ . Mr. Robert F. Roberts is treasurer and secretary, and Mr. Howard 
R. Smith general manager of the corporation. 

Progressive, wide-awake, sturdy and strong in his mental, moral and 
physical natures alike, the high achievements of Mr. Jones' industry and 
perseverance are indeed well merited ; and he stands to-day a worthy rep- 
resentative of those two old races from which he is descended, and to whose 
fame he has brought additional honor. A thorough business man, and mak- 
ing this his chief interest in life, he has never sought prominence in politics, 
in which he holds independent views. He advocates the recognition of 
one's duties anrl obligations to State and society, and in every relation of 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 555 

life is an upholder of the law and a staunch supporter of truth and justice. 
Though he takes but little interest in social activities, he is a member in 
high standing of the Merchants' Club, meeting his confreres upon congenial 
and pleasant grounds, and ever ready to contribute the fruits of his experi- 
ence and lend wholesome advice to those among whom he moves. 

On the 6th of April, 1869, Mr. Jones married Miss Mary Straney. Five 
children have been born to them to perpetuate the old family name and 
bring additional service to the city and State, which stands in need of just 
such men as Mr. Jones to urge forward the march of progress and uphold 
the high standard of the commonwealth. Baltimore may well be proud of 
so loyal and upright a citizen, who has contributed so much to her advance- 
ment and prosperity. 



J. WYNNE JONES 

The man who has lived for others and who has brought into exercise 
the best energies of his mind and heart that he might make the world the 
brighter and the better for his having lived in it, cannot fail to be pos- 
sessed of a serenity of soul which makes itself felt in every word and every 
action. Such a man is the Rev. Dr. J. Wynne Jones, one of the distin- 
guished divines who have graced the pulpits of Baltimore, and whose preach- 
ing and Christian example have had a marked influence in forming the 
moral character of the masses. His fervent piety, his active benevolence, 
his earnest and eloquent discourses, as well as his high social qualities, have 
combined to create for him a place among the representative ministers of 
the City of Baltimore. 

Jenkin Jones, father of Rev. Dr. Jones, was a native of Wales, and 
came to this country with his family in 1854. He went to the west, where 
he engaged in farming in Wisconsin, following this occupation until the 
death of his wife, after which he resided with Rev. Dr. Jones until his death 

in 1894. He married, in Wales, Elizabeth , who died in Wisconsin 

in 1880. They were both consistent and earnest members of the Presby- 
terian church. Of their five children two sons died in Wales ; Helen, died 
in Baltimore in September. 1884; Thomas W., was a well-known traveling 
salesman, residing in Minneapolis, Minnesota ; and J. Wynne, see forward. 

Rev. Dr. J. Wynne Jones was born in Buford, Monmouthshire, Wales, 
January 13. 1845. He was endowed with an excellent constitution from 
his earliest years. He attended the Rector School of the Established 
Church until his parents came to America. After they had settled in Union, 
Wisconsin, his strength was required to assist in the labors of the fann, 
and there was but little time left for study or school attendance of any 
kind. His parents, however, had been close students of the Bible, and 
were in constant association with ministers of the Gospel and this furthered 
the desire which the youth entertained to enter the ministry. Every spare 
moment was spent with the books which were thrown in his way, and his 
especial study from his earliest years was the Bible, which he was enabled 
to read with unusual intelligence and understanding, owing to the religious 
instruction with which his parents had favored him. The solid foundation 
on which his education was built consisted of historical and theological 
reading, and habits of concentrated thought and deep research were thus 
acquired, and have remained with him throughout his life. Although but 
sixteen years of age when the Civil War broke out, he was one of the 
first to enlist at Columbus, Wisconsin, and served in Company G, Twenty- 



556 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

third Wisconsin Volunteers, under Colonel J. J. Guppy, who was succeeded 
by Colonel Vilas. Young Jones rapidly rose to the rank of sergeant, par- 
ticipated in twenty-two engagements, being active during the entire siege of 
Vicksburg. He received his honorable discharge at Mobile, Alabama, July 
4, 1865, having during the entire conflict utilized every moment which could 
be spared from the consistent and faithful discharge of his duties in earn- 
est study. 

Upon his return to his home he immediately sought employment in 
order to earn the tuition fees at the high school at Columbus, Wisconsin, 
where he studied the following winter. His savings from his military 
service would have been far more than ample for this purpose, but with 
the nobleness and unselfishness characteristic of the man, he used this sum 
for the purchase of a farm for his parents. In order to accomplish all he 
had set himself to do at this time it was necessary for him to rise before 
daylight and to study until called to work, but his indomitable will worked 
wonders apparently, and success attended his efforts. Late in November, 
1866, he determined to go to Cincinnati, Ohio, owing to an impulse which 
he could not explain even to himself. He arrived in that city with but a 
very few dollars in his pocket, but with the determination to take the first 
work which offered itself, in order to be able to maintain his independence, 
and later gratify his desire for further study. This work happened to be 
the laying of paving stones, certainly not a congenial occupation, but it 
enabled him to earn enough to meet his expenses. He united with the 
Welsh Presbyterian Church, Rev. Powell, pastor, who did all in his power 
to encourage him in his desire to enter the ministry ; in the meantime a 
wealthy woman member of the Central Presbyterian Church of Cincinnati, 
Rev. O. A. Hills, D.D., pastor, had bequeathed a fund for the education 
of a young man for the ministry, and this information coming to the ears 
of Mr. Jones, he made application to the proper authorities and was ap- 
pointed the beneficiary in this instance. In June, 1867, he left Cincinnati 
for Princeton. He became a student in the Edgehill Academy, Princeton, 
in September of the same year, and was graduated from this in 1869, and 
immediately matriculated at Princeton College, from which he w^as grad- 
uated in 1873. The following September he entered the Theological Sem- 
inary at Princeton, and was graduated in 1876. The degree of Bachelor 
of Arts was conferred upon him in 1873, and he was licensed to preach by 
the Presbytery of Cincinnati, September 5, 1875. 

Immediately after his graduation from the Theological Seminary he 
was called to the pulpit of the Presbyterian church at Tuckertown, New 
Jersey, and remained there two years. Princeton College honored him with 
the degree of Master of Arts in 1876, and Gale College, Wisconsin, bestowed 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity in 1900. In March, 1878, Rev. Dr. Jones 
was called to the Tome Street Welsh Presbyterian Church, in Canton, Mary- 
land, entering upon his duties the following month, and his influence was 
at once felt in the entire community. One of his first activities was the 
organization of the Workingmen's Institute at Canton, which was incor- 
porated May 19, 1880, and on January 5, 1880, he organized the Sabbath- 
school at Highlandtown, which has been the nucleus of his present work. 
The Abbott Chapel was built two years later, and in November, 1882, 
Thanksgiving Day, the church, which was built through the munificence of 
Mr. Horace Abbott, proprietor of the Abbott Iron Mills in Baltimore, was 
organized with twenty-six members drawn from the Tome Street Church. 
After the death of Mr. Abbott large donations were received from John S. 
Oilman, president of the Second National Bank; Eliza Oilman, his wife,- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 557 

and his daughters, Airs. D'Arcy Paul and Mrs. Todd, the latter the wife 
of Professor Henry A. Todd, of Columbia University, New York, and 
George S. Brown, Esq., a noted Baltimore banker, and his mother were 
large beneficiaries of the church. 

It speaks well for the ability of Dr. Jones when one considers the 
fact that this church, which was organized by a handful of people, has 
had a membership of more than one thousand, its present roll containing 
upward of six hundred names, exclusive of those who have died or re- 
moved to other sections of the country. In every instance the work of 
Dr. Jones has been of a most practical nature, as well as ministering to the 
spiritual needs of those with whom he has been brought into contact. The 
People's Institute, of which he was the organizer, has many thousands of 
volumes on its shelves, in addition to more than one hundred current peri- 
odicals, which enable the workingmen for whom it was established to in- 
form themselves as to the latest progress made in their various fields of 
endeavor. Johns Hopkins University and other learned institutions furnish 
lecturers, and these discourses are well attended and listened to with the 
greatest attention. A number of young men have been educated for the 
ministry and many others assisted on the paths of learning which their 
own unaided efforts would not have permitted them to follow. One of the 
especial characteristics of Dr. Jones is the practical manner in which he 
views all matters, and it is this which has enabled him to be of such ex- 
cellent service among the working classes. He has an original manner of 
delivery, his sentences being terse and to the point. His language is classi- 
cal, but not above the understanding of the masses, and his manner is 
fervid and earnest, his sincerity carrying conviction with it. The keen 
glance of his eyes, which are full and expressive ensures him attention and 
sympathetic listeners, and in his reading of the Gospel he brings, indeed, 
a soothing message. He was elected a delegate to the First General As- 
sembly ever held west of the Rocky Mountains, this meeting in Portland, 
Oregon, and was known as the "Assembly of Roses", because of the pro- 
fusion of those flowers at the time. He has also been twice elected mod- 
erator of the Baltimore Presbytery and moderator of the Synod of Baltimore. 

Rev. Dr. Jones married, 1876, Annie H. Harvey, of Princeton, who 
has been a warm sympathizer and active assistant in all the plans which 
Dr. Jones has had for the betterment and advancement of his fellow beings. 
A woman of most estimable character, she has many friends in all classes 
of the community. Children : Harvey Llewellyn, who was graduated from 
Princeton University as a member of the class of 1890 ; Helena May, Char- 
lotte Abbott and Edith Wynne, all of whom attended the Latin School. 

Another honor came to Dr. Jones recently. At the meeting at the 
encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, at Rochester, New York, 
August 25, 191 1, he was unanimously elected as chaplain-in-chief, amid 
the applause of the entire assemblage. The influence of Dr. Jones will be 
felt long after he has passed to his eternal reward. His gentle and loving 
spirit, his unfaltering devotion to the church and his wisdom as a coun- 
sellor and as a friend are not to be overestimated. In his home life he 
is simple and unaffected ; as regards his church he is useful and honor- 
able ; and in every phase of his private and public career he is a high- 
minded Christian. 



558 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 



CAPTAIN HENRY B. MEIGS 

It is not often that a man of eminent ability will miss his calling and 
remain to the end of the chapter a square man fitted into a round hole, 
though this undoubtedly sometimes occurs. It may be that in early life 
some deterring cause will operate to delay the recognition or acquisition 
of one's life work, but it is more than likely that, a little later on, the 
thing for which a man is best fitted will respond to the eager alertness of 
his reaching out for it, and will be recognized and adopted with a will. 
The calling is thus likely to be one of those precious things discovered late 
that will go halfway to meet the seeker, endowing him with prosperity and 
success. 

It was thus with Captain Henry B. Meigs, the senior manager of the 
Aetna Life Insurance Company, who, after his gallant service m the Civil 
War. engaged in various enterprises in the Far West and in New York 
State before establishing himself in the insurance business, in which he has 
been so eminently successful. A soldier, the son and grandson of soldiers, 
and descended from a long line of fighting men who through two hundred 
years have mustered to their country's service, his record in the war was 
exceptional ; and when, at the end of the fighting days, his sword was con- 
verted into a plowshare, he cultivated the new fields with the same assi- 
duity and success, winning many battles in commerce and industrial pur- 
suits, and covering himself with victory in the realm of his latest great 
business venture, that of life insurance. 

His ancestors were people who achieved things and who, like the 
motto on their coat-of-arms, were "always ready." The family name of 
Meigs goes back to the Anglo-Saxon period in England, and is said to 
be derived from the Anglo-Saxon word maeg, meaning "strength." The 
record of the Meigs family in America shows that they have lived up 
to the original meaning of the word — they are strong men. In Great 
Britain there are quite a number of names derived from the original Anglo- 
Saxon : Madge, Maggs, Meggs, Meigh, and the Scotch form Meik, all 
these in addition to the form Meigs. 

The Meigs family in America was founded by Vincent Meggs, with 
his sons, John, Vincent and Mark, the fruit of his marriage in 1606 to a 
Miss Churchill. From Weymouth he proceeded to New Haven, and from 
there to Hammonassett, now Madison, where he died in 1658, and was the 
first person buried in East Guilford. His son, John Meigs, said to have 
been born near Bradford, England, in 1612, died at Killingworth in 1672; 
he it was who warned the regicides, Whalley and Goffe, of their intended 
apprehension, and aided in their escape. He was married, in 1632, to 
Tamazin Fry, of Weymouth, England, and had a grandson by the name 
of Janna Meigs, who was born at East Guilford, Connecticut, in 1762. 

Janna Meigs attained great distinction in the colonies, showing his 
exceptional abilities in many ways and holding many responsible offices. 
He was deputy governor of the colony, mem.ber of the Connecticut legis- 
lature for a number of years, justice of the peace of the New Haven colony 
for eleven years consecutively, and captain of the train band and of a 
company in Queen Anne's wars. He married, in 1698, Hannah Willard, 
daughter of Josiah Willard and Hannah Hosmer, and granddaughter of 
Major Simon Willard. He died in 1739, leaving a son, Janna Meigs, of 
Salisbury, Connecticut, who was born in 1699 and died in 1772. He was 
a lieutenant in the army, marrying Elizabeth, daughter of Ebenezer Dud- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 559 

ley, of Guilford, and leaving- a son. Nathaniel Meigs, born in 1729, who 
married Azenath Bishop, and left a son, Benjamin Stone Meigs, who dis- 
tinguished himself as a soldier; he was born in 1753, in St. Albans, Ver- 
mont, serving in several companies and regiments during the years from 
1777 to 1 78 1, and being at Valley Forge. He married Roxana B. Chitten- 
den, and left a son, Luther Meigs, born at Highgate in 1792, and dying 
in 1865. Then in the line appears Colonel Return Jonathan Meigs, born 
in 1740, one of the first to take up arms in the Revolutionary struggle, 
who had a brilliant career as a soldier, rising to the rank of colonel. He 
was one of the founders of Marietta, Ohio, the first permanent white 
settlement in that State. In 1801 he was appointed Indian Agent for the 
Cherokee Indians in Georgia, and spent the remainder of his life in that 
State, discharging that duty. His son. Return Jonathan Meigs (II), born 
1764, was a lawyer, a judge, a soldier, governor of Ohio, and nine years 
postmaster-general of the United States. Another great figure in the Meigs 
line was Josiah Meigs, born 1757, lawyer, newspaper editor, and after a 
varied experience became an educator. He was professor of mathematics 
and natural philosophy in Yale College, 1794 to 1801, and first president 
of Franklin College (now known as the University of Georgia) from 
1801 to 181 1. He opened the college exercises under an oak tree. When 
he left Georgia in 181 1, he became commissioner of the General Land 
Office at Washington, which position he held until his death in 1822. 

This record would not be complete without some mention of three of 
the family of Meigs descendants from the Puritan emigrant, Vincent Meigs. 

First, Return Jonathan Meigs (3d), appointed by President Lincoln 
to the chief clerkship of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, 
which office he filled until his death, October 19th, 1891. 

Second, Henry Meiggs, the South American railroad builder, whose 
achievements in railroad building in Peru and Chili are perhaps the most 
notable of any constructions of this line in the history of the world. 

Third, Major-General Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, who was 
quartermaster-General of the United States army from the beginning of 
the war until his death, which occurred in January, 1892. General Meigs 
was a regent of the Smithsonian Institution, member of the National Acad- 
emy of Sciences ; an architect of distinction. He constructed the Pension 
Building, Washington, D. C. ; Cabin John Bridge — a most notable con- 
struction ; the extension of the United States General Post Office, Washing- 
ton, D. C. As quartermaster-general during the Civil War he expended 
nearly two thousand million of dollars with less waste, accident or fraud 
by those under him, than has ever before attended the expenditure of such 
a vast treasure. At the conclusion of the war, and when he was granted a 
leave of absence on account of sickness, William H. Seward, Secretary 
of State, gave him a letter from which the following is an extract : 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, 

Washington, D. C, May 28th, 1867. 
To the Ministers, Consuls-General, Consuls and Consular Agents of the United States : 
The prevailing opinion of this country sustains a firm conviction which I entertain, 
and on all occasions cheerfully express, that without the services of this eminent sol- 
dier, the national cause must either have been lost or deeply imperilled in the late 
Civil War. 

(Signed) William H. Seward. 

Luther Meigs became captain of a coiupany of riflemen, and served 
his country long and well. He was at the battle of Plattsburgh, New York, 



56o HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

taking an active part in the War of 1812 ; was twice in the State legis- 
lature, and a prominent citizen for forty years as farmer, magistrate, select- 
man, and county commissioner. He was an open-handed and hospitable 
man, charitable, and a friend of the poor. On the 3rd of December, 1816, 
he married Phoebe Stockwell, daughter of Ebenezer Stockwell, an archi- 
tect and builder, and became the father of Henry Benjamin Meigs, the sub- 
ject of this writing. 

Captain H. B. Meigs, whose life has been one of unabating energy 
and unfaltering industry, was born at Highgate, Vermont, on the 23rd 
of November, 1844. He was reared on a farm two miles distant from 
the nearest school, and his educational facilities were therefore slight ; but 
he was a great reader, and, devouring all the literature that came in his 
way, he managed to acquire for himself an all around practical educa- 
tion that has stood him in good stead and filled all the requirements of his 
busy life. After the breaking out of the Civil War he followed the tradi- 
tions of his family, and enlisted as a private in Company K of the 13th 
Vermont Volunteers, under the command of Colonel F. V. Randall, and 
fought with his regiment in the battle of Gettysburg. In 1866 and 1867 
when in Colorado, he was elected captain of a troop of cavalry raised 
for the suppression of an Indian insurrection in Colorado and Wyoming. 

Especial mention of Captain Henry B. Meigs is made in the "History 
of the 13th Vermont Regiment," as deserving a medal of honor for heroic 
conduct at the battle of Gettysburg. Captain Henry B. Meigs is perhaps 
the only man in the United States who is the sixth in regular descent who 
has borne arms in America; that is, in the colonies, or under the Stars and 
Stripes. 

When peace was finally proclaimed after the long and bloody struggle, 
he went West, and for more than six years gave his attention to various 
enterprises out there, commercial, mining, ranching and transportation 
business, the Indians of the plains being numerous in those days, before 
railroads were known in that section of the country, and the conveyance 
of freight difficult and dangerous. Captain Meigs was a member of the 
city council of Julesburg, Colorado, from 1867 to 1869. His business 
talents being of the highest order, however, he triumphed over all diffi- 
culties with his indomitable will, his industry and rare ability for govern- 
ing and directing. 

He returned East in 1871, and until the year 1874 gave his principal 
attention to merchandising and the manufacture of lime in Northern New 
York. He also, while in that State, organized the first post of the Grand 
Army of the Republic — William D. Brennan — at Malone, in Franklin county, 
and was its commander for five successive terms, during which time the 
post grew to be the largest in all Northern New York. He also organized 
other important posts to the number of nine, and personally mustered into 
the Grand Army more than one thousand members. He was continually 
serving in some capacity upon the staff of the department commander or 
the commander-in-chief, while still in command of his own post. 

Captain Meigs has recently erected in his native town, Highgate, Ver- 
mont, a hanrlsome white bronze monument in honor of the soldiers of all 
the wars who went from the town of Highgate. 

He is a man whose private interests never prevent his active partici- 
pation in measures for the general good, and he promotes public progress 
by advancing individual prosperity. He is possessed of a rare and dis- 
tinctive business character which impresses one immediately, and is a keen 
and intuitive judge of men. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 561 

When in 1876 he entered the life insurance business, this intuition 
served him in good stead, so that his success was prompt and permanent in 
this field, first in New York, and afterwards in Baltimore, where he took 
charge of the southeastern department of the Aetna Life Insurance Com- 
pany in the year 1888. His marked success was evidenced by the fact that 
when he first took charge of the department it stood twentieth among the 
Aetna agencies, while under his care it soon ranked second. He steadily 
pushed to the front, and the great successes he achieved by his capable 
management, unfaltering judgment, and systematic adjustment of affairs 
prevented waste of time, labor and material, and resulted in his building 
up a business of vast proportion, developing one of the largest general 
agencies of his company in the country from insignificant beginnings. 
When he first assumed charge the total cash premium receipts were $46,000 ; 
they are now in excess of $500,000 per annum, each succeeding year hav- 
ing shown an increase ; this is a record rarely if ever equaled and evinces 
a genius for the work which he undertook. 

He never regards his employees as mere parts of a machine, but rec- 
ognizes their individuality, and makes it a rule that efficient and faithful 
service shall be promptly rewarded. He is a man of action rather than of 
words, and he demonstrates his public spirit by advancing the wealth 
and prosperity of the community. He gives his whole soul to whatever 
he undertakes, and allows none of the many interests in his care to suffer 
for want of close and able attention. While he has never consented to 
hold office, he has nevertheless been active in Republican circles, and, as 
a citizen, has been loyal in the support of measures calculated to benefit 
the city and promote its rapid development. Unselfish and retiring, he 
prefers a quiet place in the background to the glare of publicity, but his 
rare ability in achieving results makes him one who is constantly sought 
after, and brings him into a prominence from which he would naturally 
shrink. He has served as a member of the executive committee of the 
Baltimore Life Underwriters' Association, and vice-president of the Na- 
tional Association of Life Underwriters. Back in the early days out West, 
he served for a time in the city council in one of the Colorado towns ; this 
is the nearest approach to any political office that he has ever held. 

In his religious convictions, Captain Meigs is a Baptist. Throughout 
his entire life he has always chosen that which is worth while ; never sat- 
isfied with second best, he has reached always forward to the highest things 
in all the relations in life. In the year 1872 he was married to Alvira, 
daughter of Abijah Stanley, of Bangor, New York ; she died at Baltimore 
on the nth of January, 1907. On the 17th of February, 1908, he was 
married again, this time to Mrs. Nellie Merrifield, at Columbia, Tennessee. 

Captain Meigs has made his residence in Baltimore since the year 1888. 
Besides the insvirance underwriters' associations of which we have spoken, 
he is also a member of the Merchants' Club, the Anti-Saloon League, the 
Union Veterans' Association of Maryland, the Society of Colonial Wars, 
the Sons of the American Revolution, of the War of 1812, the Founders 
and Patriots, and the National Genealogical Societies, being one of the 
councillors of the General Society of Founders and Patriots, and genealo- 
gist of the Pennsylvania Society. He is also a director of the Florence 
Crittenden Mission. 

In private life. Captain Meigs is a delightful host and extremely pleas- 
ant conversationalist, having accumulated a rich store of information and 
anecdote in regard to prominent men of all callings and professions, and 
keeping in close touch with the events of the day. In personal appearance 



562 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

he is a very distinguished man, as would be expected of one of his posi- 
tion and ancestry, having the commanding dignity of gray hairs and a 
flowing beard. He is a man of strongly marked characteristics, appre- 
ciative of the good qualities of others, meeting all men on an equal foot- 
ing, and treating all alike, his courtesy showing no distinction between 
the highest and lowest of those in the world's esteem. 

Intensely interested in his ancestry and their history, he is the author 
of a three hundred and fifty page volume on the genealogy of the Meigs 
family in America, profusely illustrated with portraits of persons of promi- 
nence, and pictures of places and things of historical interest. In it also 
he has given the family coat-of-arms, their crest, and their motto, "Semper 
Pamtus," always ready. And, true to this motto, he has in his own life 
been ever ready to advance the good of others, giving generously to char- 
itable enterprises, and starting many a young man upon a prosperous career 
in life ; ever ready to note signs of unusual qualities of mind and heart 
in those about him, to ignore social distinctions, and recognize the aris- 
tocracy of spirit and intellect alone ; and ever ready to give his best services 
to the community in which he lives and to his country, whether in the fields 
of industry and commerce, or upon the more dangerous fields of battle 
as were his ancestors in the days of old ; swift to help and fleet of foot 
in the great needs of the world, — a grevhound courant upon an argent 
field ! 



SAMUEL WINTER 

Any calling in life, be it what it may, is ennobled or debased by the 
men who follow it. It is such men as the late Samuel Winter who have 
made the words "captain of industry" synonymous with high-minded enter- 
prise and absolutely fair dealing, and who have maintained the lofty stand- 
ard of commercial honor for which the business men of Baltimore have 
ever been distinguished. Mr. Winter was for many years at the head of 
one of the largest building concerns in the city, and a number of its finest 
structures are monuments to his sound judgment and far-sighted sagacity. 
He was descended on both sides from the stalwart German stock which 
has given to the United States some of her best citizens. 

The family of Winter, Wintour, Wynter or Wintor, as the name was 
variously spelled, descended from Wintor, the castellan of Carnarvon, 
Wales, their name being originally Gwyntour, and their crest a falcon 
mounted on a white tower. The family settled at Wych in the reign of 
Edward the First, eventually spreading to all parts of Great Britain and 
to Germany. 

Among the bearers of this name have been numbered many states- 
men, warriors, admirals, writers, divines, bankers and men of culture. The 
family has numerous coats-of-arms. The Worcester branch has for a 
crest three ostrich plumes. The coat-of-arm.s of the German branch of this 
old and honored family is as follows : Arms : Argent. In fesse a bar bear- 
ing five helmets, proper. In chief checquey or and azure, in base the same. 
Wreath or and azure. Crest : Three ostrich plumes, or and azure. Motto : 
Omnia vincit Veritas. The Winter coat-of-arms occurs in this work. 

Samuel Winter was 1x)rn October 30, 1800, in Hopewell township, 
York county, Pennsylvania, one of the nine children of John and Catharine 
(Meckley) Winter, whose ancestors were natives of Hanover, Germany. 
John Winter, a son of George Winter, was a farmer, and one of the promi- 




^CUr^^TyUjt^ 



2^- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 563 

nent men in his community, serving as captain of a militia company. Dur- 
ing the War of 1812 he went to assist in the defense of Baltimore, the boy 
Samuel accompanying him as far as York, Pennsylvania. At the age 
of ten years, after acquiring a practical education in the schools adjacent 
to his home, Samuel Winter was taken by his father to the city of York 
in order that he might enjoy better educational advantages, his father 
intending him to remain there until the age of twenty, but, being home- 
sick, the boy persuaded his mother to allow him to return home, and after 
several unsuccessful attempts to induce him to go back to York, he was 
permitted to have his own way, an indulgence which he always regretted. 
Until he attained the age of seventeen, Samuel Winter worked on the 
farm in summer, attending school in winter, and he was then apprenticed 
to John Dorkus, a carpenter, serving him for three years, after which he 
worked as a journeyman for about five years. During that period he 
was a member of the Washington Blues, a militia company, which went 
to York to receive General Lafayette when that hero, after an absence of 
forty years, revisited the land which he had helped to liberate. 

In 1825 Mr. Winter went to Rochester, New York, and there for 
two years worked at his trade. It was during this period that the waters 
of Lake Erie were first let into the Erie canal, and in the absence of the 
present facilities for conveying news — the telegraph not having been in- 
vented — the information as to the flow of water was communicated by the 
firing of cannon stationed along the entire line within hearing distance 
of each other. 

In 1827 Mr. Winter came to Baltimore, the city which was to be his 
home for the remainder of his long life and with which thenceforth all 
his industries and achievements were to be identified. He found employ- 
ment with the firm of Ericsson & Page, executing his first work for them 
on the steamboat Kentucky. He remained with the firm for several years, 
serving during a portion of the time as foreman in the shops. Strict faith- 
fulness to duty, combined with an exceptional measure of ability, so pros- 
pered him that in 1835 he was in circumstances to engage in contracting on 
his own account, and until 1862 conducted a flourishing and constantly 
increasing business. During a portion of this time he dealt in lumber, pur- 
chasing from twenty to fifty thousand feet in rafts, which were generally 
sent down the Susquehanna river. He also engaged in the building busi- 
ness, erecting about two hundred fine dwellings, as well as a factory, 
which he rented to Charles M. Stieiif, Senior, for the manufacturing 
of his first pianos. He also executed a contract to built for William Knabe 
& Company a factory in South Baltimore for the manufacture of their 
instruments. He was actively interested in buying town lots, either leas- 
ing out, selling or building thereon. Thus it will be seen that he was largely 
instrumental in the progress and welfare of Baltimore, witnessing its 
growth in many directions, notably along the lines of business and travel, 
being present on that occasion so vitally connected with the progress not 
of our city alone, but of the entire country — the laying of the cornerstone 
of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. 

Although never neglectful of the duties of citizenship. Mr. Winter was 
without political ambition, and could never be induced to take a prominent 
part in public affairs. Previous to the Civil War he was a Democrat, but 
a strong Unionist, and afterward became an Independent. In 1848 he rep- 
resented the Seventeenth Ward of Baltimore in the First Branch of the 
City Council, his services proving entirely satisfactory and acceptable to 
his constituents and the people at large. A vigilant and attentive observer 



564 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

of men and measures, his opinions were recognized as sound and his views 
as broad, and his ideas therefore carried weight with those with whom 
he discussed pubhc problems. He possessed a genial nature which recog- 
nized and appreciated the good in others and drew around him a large 
circle of friends. The success which he gained was of a character not 
to be measured by financial prosperity alone, but also by the kindly ameni- 
ties and congenial associations that go to satisfy man's kaleidoscopic nature. 
No good work done in the name of charity or religion sought his co-opera- 
tion in vain, and in his work of this character he brought to bear the same 
discrimination and thoroughness which were so strikingly manifest in his 
business life. He was reared in the faith of the Evangelical Lutheran 
denomination, his parents having been members of that church, and his 
affiliation was with the First English Lutheran Church, where his family 
still attend, and where a handsome memorial window has been placed by 
his widow and children. In 1867 Mr. Winter traveled in Europe, attend- 
ing the Paris Exposition and visiting London, also traveling extensively 
on the continent. 

Mr. Winter married (first) Sarah, daughter of Captain John Price, 
by whom he became the father of four children: William, Amelia, Jerome, 
and Samuel (deceased). He married (second) Sarah, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Margaret (Donaldson) Armstrong, of Wheeling, West Virginia. 
The ancestry of Mrs. Winter, together with an account of the origin of 
the Armstrong family and a description of its coat-of-arms, are appended 
to this sketch. The children of Mr. Winter's second marriage were : John 
A., deceased; and Sara Armstrong, a graduate of Goucher College, and 
a young woman of great personal charm and many accomplishments, ex- 
tremely fond of outdoor sports and an experienced equestrienne. Miss 
Winter was recently married, in the First English Lutheran Church, by 
the Reverend George Scholl, to Washington Graham Eccleston, formerly 
of Baltimore, but now of Los Angeles, California, a representative of an 
old Maryland family, of distinguished Colonial record. Mr. Winter was 
a devoted husband and father, a man with whom the ties of home and 
friendship were sacred, and ever found in his wife an ideal helpmate. 
The pleasing personality and gracious and tactful manners of Mrs. Win- 
ter have surrounded her with friends appreciative of her genuine worth. 
The Winter home is situated on Washington Heights, on the corner of 
Gilmor and Presstman streets, commanding from the roof a magnificent 
view of the city and bay, a picture which, seen at night, becomes one of 
surpassing beauty. 

Mr. Winter died May 5, 1892, "full of years and of honors." In 
the city of which he had been a resident for sixty-five years, and to which 
throughout that period he had given a conspicuous example of civic and 
social virtue, his departure left a void more easily imagined than described. 
At all times he stood as an able exponent of the spirit of the age in his 
efforts to advance progress and improvement. Realizing that he should 
not pass this way again, he made wise use of his opportunities and his 
wealth, conforming his life to a high standard, so that his entire rec- 
ord was in harmony with the history of an ancestry honorable and 
distinguished. 

Success in business is held, by not a few, to be incompatible with strict 
adherence to a high standard of honesty. By many notable instances — to 
the honor of our business men be it said — has this theory been proved 
fallacious. Among these instances the career of Samuel Winter is con- 
spicuous. Absolute truthfulness in word and deed was the underlying prin- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 565 

ciple of his business life, and his success furnishes an impressive exem- 
plification of the motto of his German ancestors — Omnia nincit Veritas. 

(The Armstrong Line). 

The family of Armstrong- was in ancient times settled on the Scottish 
border, and several branches of the parent stock became at a very early 
period seated in the northern counties of England. Tradition states that 
the original surname was Fairbairn, and that it was changed to Armstrong 
on the following occasion : 

An ancient king of Scotland, having his horse killed under him in 
battle, was immediately remounted by Fairbairn, his armor-bearer, on his 
own horse. For this timely assistance, the king amply rewarded him with 
lands on the borders, and to perpetuate the memory of so important a 
service as well as the manner in which it was performed (for Fairbairn 
took the king by the thigh and set him on the saddle), his royal master 
^ave him the appellation of Armstrong, and assigned him for crest, "an 
armed hand and arm, in the hand a leg and foot in armor, couped at the 
thigh, all proper." From the earliest period the family had been promi- 
nent, and from time to time members have emigrated to England and 
Ireland and also to America, where the name is quite numerous. The arms 
of the family, at the present time, are as follows : Arms : Gules, three 
dexter arms, vambraced in armor, argent, hands, proper. Crest : A dexter 
arm, vambraced in armor, argent, hand, proper. 

The Armstrong family was allied with that branch of the Balls from 
which descended Mary Ball, mother of George Washington, first President 
of the United States. John Armstrong came from Carnteel, Tyrone county, 
North of Ireland, to Baltimore. He married Mary Hanna, and they had 
a son, William. After his death his family went to West Virginia. 

William, son of John and Mary (Hanna) Armstrong, of Wheeling, 
West Virginia, was the owner of a valuable coal mine and shipped coal 
extensively to New Orleans and other Southern cities. He married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Thomas and Mary Ann (Nash) Donaldson. Thomas 
Donaldson came from Aughnaclay, County Tyrone, North of Ireland. He 
married Mary Ann Nash, daughter of Dr. Nash, of Wilmington, Delaware. 
a very prominent physician and a surgeon of note, who during the Revo- 
lutionary War was taken prisoner by the British and held in captivity until 
exchanged. The Nash family was of English origin. 

Sarah, daughter of William and Margaret (Donaldson) Armstrong, 
became the wife of Samuel Winter, as mentioned above. 

The Armstrong coat-of-arms appears in this work. 



JOHN ROBERTS SHERWOOD 

John Roberts Sherwood, president of the Baltimore Steam Packet 
Company, is one of the strong men of Baltimore. For more than forty 
years he has been associated with the "Old Bay Line" and for a large 
portion of that period its history of steady prosperity and progress has 
been, to a great degree, of his making, the result of resistless energy 
wisely directed by sound judgment and by a thorough knowledge of the 
forces to be controlled. Captain Sherwood belongs to a seafaring family, 
identified for generations with the shipping and transportation interests 
of Baltimore. 



566 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

(T) His grandfather, Philip Sherwood, came from England at some 
period between 1770 and 1780, being one of seven sons, all of whom emi- 
grated together, four settling in Virginia and three in Baltimore. At 
Jamestown, Mrginia, there is the grave of a William Sherwood who is 
supposed to have been one of the brothers of Philip Sherwood. The latter 
was a shipbuilder at Fells Point just without the limits of the City of Bal- 
timore. He married, October 5, 1809, Sarah Porter, and their children 
were : John Porter, mentioned below ; Jonathan, Philip, Harry Anthony, 
Joshua W., Mary A., Francis Asbury, William, Margaret, Samuel, George 
W., and Charles Wesley. 

(II) John Porter Sherwood, son of Philip and Sarah (Porter) Sher- 
wood, was a shipbuilder in Baltimore and went to St. Thomas and estab- 
lished a branch shipyard there. He married Rebecca, daughter of Charles 
Fox. who was of Scotch-Irish descent and a resident of Fells Point. The 
marriage took place June 24, 1834, and Captain Sherwood died and was 
buried at St. Thomas' Island, Jamaica, shortly before the birth of his son,. 
John Roberts, mentioned below. 

(III) John Roberts Sherwood, son of John Porter and Rebecca (Fox) 
Sherwood, was born July 16, 1843, ^t Fells Point, and received his prelim- 
inary education in the public schools of Baltimore, afterward attending 
a private school for one year for the purpose of taking a course in marine 
engineering. He was then nineteen years old, and after serving his time' 
as an apprentice obtained a position as engineer in a mill. At the end of 
six months he left, having been appointed January 5, 1864, assistant engi- 
neer on the Ceres, United States navy. He was on board this vessel when 
she engaged the Confederate ram Albemarle, and was wounded while run- 
ning a battery on the Roanoke river. After being transferred from one- 
vessel to another, he went on the Pensacola to the New York Navy Yard, 
remaining about six months. In 1869 he resigned, having served under 
several prominent men, notably on the frigate Guerriere, under Admiral 
Davis. The years of Captain Sherwood's service in the navy were years of 
adventure and in conversation he gives extremely vivid descriptions of 
his old commanders. 

On leaving the navy Captain Sherwood entered the service of the 
Baltimore Steam Packet Company as engineer. From that position he 
worked his way up, serving on several of the ships, and at the end of 
five years was made superintendent engineer, later general manager, and 
about 1900 vice-president. On May 7, 1907, he was elected president of 
the company. As chief engineer of construction he superintended the 
building of all the modern steamers of the line. Those now constituting 
the fleet are the staunch sea-going steamers Alabama, Virginm, Florida, 
Gaston, Raleigh and Elsie. On the occasion of the opening of the com- 
pany's new pier at Light street they entertained a number of guests who 
were invited to inspect both that and the steamers. This pier is to replace 
the one recently destroyed by fire, and many compliments were paid the 
officers for the efficient service they have given the public handicapped as 
they have been by this disaster. 

The Baltimore Steam Packet Company, more familiarly known as the 
"Old Bay Line", is one of the oldest transportation institutions identified 
with Baltimore. It was founded in 18 13 and its steady and rapid growth 
furnishes a sure indication of Baltimore's commercial prosperity. The 
comfjany first transacted its business in a few small sheds on Spear's Wharf, 
but for forty years has occupied Union Dock, having enlarged its termi- 
nals from time to time to meet the growing requirements of its patrons. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 567 

In May, 1900, the dock was visited by a devastating fire, but the company, 
largely inspired by the undaunted courage of its general manager and vice- 
president, speedily caused new and commodious structures to rise in place 
of the burned buildings, and to-day its terminals ofifer facilities second to 
none in the United States. The results of this steadily progressive move- 
ment, initiated by Captain Sherwood, have proved him to be not only a 
wide-awake business man, but a vigilant and attentive observer of men 
and measures, possessed of sound judgment and broad views, and his 
ideas have, therefore, carried great weight. In line with this continuous 
advancement, the company issues a monthly magazine of some thirty-odd 
pages, replete with useful information, and setting forth, of course, the 
many advantages of the "Old Bay Line," among them its directory of 
agencies in different cities and the delightful excursions which it places 
within the reach of those of moderate means. It contains instructive articles 
contributed by the most prominent men of the city who write on subjects 
with which they are familiar, the number for June, 191 1, being opened by 
Captain Sherwood with a description of the "Harbor, Rail and Water 
Transportation Facilities of Baltimore". The magazine is of most attrac- 
tive appearance, being printed on fine paper, with an artistic colored cover- 
design and picturesquely worded advertisements, and is a powerful aid 
in the campaign for the advancement of Baltimore in which the leading 
men of the city are vitally interested. 

In politics Captain Sherwood is a Republican, but has always refused 
to accept public office, with the exception of serving at intervals on the 
jail and harbor boards. He possesses, however, that true public spirit 
and rapidity of judgment which enable him, in the midst of incessant busi- 
ness activity, to give to the affairs of the community effort and counsel 
of genuine value. His advice is frequently solicited and not seldom has his 
penetrating thought added wisdom to public movements. A man of most 
courteous manners, he is yet firm and unyielding in all that he believes to 
be right. He was for over fifteen years an active member of the Society 
of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers. 

In view of Captain Sherwood's conspicuous success in his chosen call- 
ing, his inclination for which was inherited from seafaring ancestors, his 
motto for accomplishment well merits the thoughtful consideration of his 
fellow citizens of all conditions in life : "Sobriety and attention to business 
whatever may be the line selected. Whole-hearted devotion to one's work 
combined with entire independence of spirit and action". 

Captain Sherwood married. May 6, 1867, Isabella, daughter of Joseph 
and Harriet (Hobbs) Miller, of Howard county, and the following chil- 
dren have been born to them: John W., married Frances Elizabeth Jones, 
of Virginia ; Willie, deceased ; Watson E., one of the younger members of 
the Baltimore bar, prominent in his profession and extremely popular so- 
cially; Edna E. ; Virginia M., wife of Charles H. Bentz ; Lillian and Anita. 
Captain Sherwood is the most home-loving of men, his devotion to his 
family being equaled only by his devotion to business, and so desirous is 
he to spend in the society of his wife and children all the hours not de- 
manded by duty, that he is a member of not one club, no social organiza- 
tion, albeit he is a man of genial nature, possessing attractions sufficient to 
lure him from his fireside. 

Captain Sherwood is a man of striking and dignified appearance, de- 
cisive in character and action, but always considerate of others and exceed- 
ingly generous. A Baltimorean by birth and by life-long residence, all 
his interests are identical with those of his native city, and there is noth- 



568 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

ing in which he takes greater pride than in the fact that he was born and 
has always remained a loyal son of the Monumental City. In all that 
he has undertaken his first thoughts have ever been for her welfare and 
improvement and greatly, indeed, has she profited by his labors and achieve- 
ments. What Baltimore needs, and what the world needs, is more men 
of this type, men capable of managing extensive commercial and industrial 
enterprises and of conducting them on terms fair alike to employer and 
employed. When the ranks of such men are strongly recruited all classes 
of tlie community will receive benefit from them and the long conflict 
between capital and labor will cease to be. 



JOHN W. WILLIAMS, M. D. 

Dr. John Whitridge Williams, a prominent physician and surgeon of 
Baltimore, ^Maryland, has achieved a reputation of which any man might 
well be proud. In the especial branch of medical science to which he has 
more particularly devoted his energies, he has become one of the premier 
men of the world, and is acknowledged as such both at home and abroad. 
He is descended from a family which has ranked physicians and surgeons 
of note among its members for a number of generations, and Dr. Williams 
has worthily added to the prestige of the family in this respect. The an- 
cestry of the Whitridge family, of which his mother was a member, will be 
found elsewhere in this work, and he is also closely connected with the 
Fontaine. j\Iaury and Hite families of Virginia, and with the Gushing 
family of New England. 

(I) Pierre Williams, the immigrant ancestor of the family in this coun- 
try, was an attorney in London, England, and settled in Virginia in the 
early part of the eighteenth century. 

(II) William was the son of Pierre Williams. 

(III) Philip was the son of William and Mary Clayton Williams. 

(IV) Philip, son of Philip Williams and Sarah Croudson Williams, was 
an eminent lawyer in Virginia. 

(V) Dr. Philip C. Williams, son of Philip and Anne Maury (Hite) 
Williams, was born in Woodstock, Virginia, and after completing his medi- 
cal education in Philadelphia and Paris, settled in Baltimore. He was 
widely known as a physician, and was noted for his cheerful and optimistic 
nature, which was founded upon a deeply religious character. His death 
occurred in November, 1896. He married Mary Cushing, daughter of 
Dr. John and Catherine (Cox) Whitridge, and granddaughter of Dr. Wil- 
liam and Mary (Cushing) Whitridge, of Tiverton. Rhode Island. 

(VI) Dr. John Whitridge Williams, son of Dr. Philip C. and Mary 
Cushing (Whitridge) Williams, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, January 
26, 1866. His elementary education was acquired in the public schools 
of his native city, and after spending four years at the City College he 
matriculated at the Johns Hopkins University, which conferred upon him 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1886. Two years were then spent in 
the study of medicine at the University of Maryland, and in 1888 he was 
awarded his degree of Doctor of Medicine, immediately after gradua- 
tion he spent a year at the Universities of Vienna and Berlin, in the fur- 
ther study of his profession. Since then he has visited Europe a number 
of times, and has spent two additional years studying in Leipzig, .Paris 
and Heidelberg. 






fOf/ 




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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 569 

Just after the opening of the Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1889, he was 
appointed an assistant in gynecology, holding the position until the for- 
mation of the Medical School in 1893, when he was appointed associate 
in obstetrics, and upon his return from Europe a year later he organized 
the obstetrical department of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and University. 
Five years later he was promoted to the office of obstetrician-in-chief to 
the Hospital, and professor of obstetrics in the University, which he still 
holds. In December, 1910, he was made dean of the medical department. 
Since 1895 he has also been gynecologist to the Union Protestant Infirmary. 

The opinions of Dr. Williams are considered authoritative, and his con- 
tributions to medical literature have been published in the standard jour- 
nals of this country and Europe, while his text-book on obstetrics is used 
in most of the medical schools of this country and England. In political 
matters Dr. Williams is an Independent Democrat, but takes no active part 
in political work. His religious affiliations are with the Episcopal church. 
He served as vice-president of the American Gynecological Society in 1903 
and 1904, and is connected in various capacities with a number of other 
organizations, among them being : chairman of the library committee of 
the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland ; honorary president of 
the Glasgow Gynecological and Obstetrical Society, Scotland, 1910-12; 
corresponding member of the Gynecological and Obstetrical societies of 
Leipzig, Munich and Berlin ; member of the board of supervisors of the 
City Charities. He is a member of the Delta Phi fraternity and of the 
Maryland, Bachelors' Cotillon and other clubs. He is a fine linguist, speak- 
ing German especially fluently. 

Dr. Williams married, January 14, 1892, Margaretta S., a daughter of 
General Stewart Brown, and they have children : Margaretta Whitridge, 
Mary Gushing and Anne Whitridge. 

Dr. Williams is a constant and laborious reader, and keeps in touch 
with the achievements of research throughout the medical and surgical 
world, and his library testifies to his thoroughness as to details and his 
infinite capacity for taking pains. It is well stocked with books of many 
countries, medical classics, reports and annuals, and he is constantly adding 
to his supply of references and information on the many and varied points 
of interest attached to his exacting profession. It is this close attention 
and inveterate application which have made him the man he is in the medical 
world of to-day. He has never been guilty of the desire to amass wealth, 
and has always opposed the modern tendency towards charging excessive 
medical and surgical fees. A large part of his time is occupied by his 
professional duties, and he is never happier than when studying patients 
in the wards of the hospital, teaching students, or working upon some 
problem in the laboratory. Outside of his professional work, he takes a 
great interest in his duties as a member of the board of City Charities, and 
is particularly proud of the part he has taken in helping to transform the 
City Poor-House at Bayview into a modern and well ordered institution. 



JOHN BENJAMIN THOMAS 

John Benjamin Thomas, President of the Thomas & Thompson Com- 
pany, the largest retail drug business in the city of Baltimore, Maryland, 
belongs to that class of citizens who, although undemonstrative and unas- 
suming, nevertheless form the character and mold the society of the com- 



570 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

munity in which they live, and it is this class that contributes the most 
toward the building of our cities, and it is this class which deserves the 
greatest amount of credit for it. The Thomas family is an old English 
one, originally located at Wrotham, Kent county, England, from which 
place, Robert Thomas, the immigrant ancestor, migrated to America' in 
1647. He settled near Annapolis, Maryland, and was known in his day 
as Robert Thomas, of Poplar Hill. Benjamin Thomas, one of his de- 
scendants, was born in 1741, and served through the Revolutionary war as 
a lieutenant in the Thirty-fourth Maryland Battalion, and it is through this 
ancestor that Mr. Thomas, of this sketch, is entitled to membership in the 
Patriotic Society of The Sons of the American Revolution. This branch 
of the Thomas family dates back as far as 1574 and even earlier, but it was 
in that year that a coat-of-arms was granted the family in England, which 
is as follows : Per pale argent and sable, chevron between three Cornish 
choughs, all counter-charged, beaked and legged gules. Crest : A Cor- 
nish chough sable, wings expanded, beaked and legged gules between two 
spears erect or, headed argent. Motto: Honesty is the best policy. 

Colonel John B. Thomas was born in Frederick county, Maryland, 
December 2^, 1819. He was the son of Levin and Margaret E. (Dutrow) 
Thomas, the latter of German parentage. He was educated in the schools 
of his native county, and at the age of seventeen years took charge of the 
farm of his father and managed it very capably for a period of five years. 
After his marriage he rented a farm for himself and was engaged in the 
occupation of farming until 1855. He then lived for an entire year in the 
city of Frederick, without any fixed occupation, and in the spring of 1856 
purchased a farm about ten miles south of Frederick, and made his home 
upon it. He rented his farms in 1873 and took up his residence in Fred- 
erick City, where he opened a real estate agency in 1877, and was engaged 
in that branch of business successfully for a number of years. His politi- 
cal affiliations were originally with the Whig party, but he later became 
a staunch Democrat, and was always a power to be reckoned with in politi- 
cal matters. He was elected chief judge of a magistrate's court in 1846, 
and filled the office until it was abolished by the convention of 1850. In the 
fall of the following year he was elected county commissioner for a term 
of one year, and in 1857 he was elected a member of the Legislature. He 
was chosen to represent Frederick county in the constitutional convention 
of the state in 1867, and two years later was again elected to the legisla- 
ture. Governor Hicks commissioned him a colonel in i860 ; and in 1876 
he was appointed by the governor as one of the assessors to assess and 
appraise the real and personal property of Frederick county. As a mem- 
ber of the school board of his county he served one term. A few years 
after his marriage he became a member of the Reformed church, and 
served that institution as deacon and elder. Mr. Thomas married, October 
20, 1840, Charlotte E. Thoxuas, who died July 25, 1875. They had seven 
children. 

John Benjamin Thomas, son of Colonel John B. and Charlotte E. 
(Thomas) Thomas, was born December 6, 1850. His early life in the 
country had the excellent effect of developing a sound mind in a sound 
body, and he was further blessed with parents of unusual intellectual at- 
tainments, who furthered every ambition in the moral and spiritual life 
of their children, and made a home of refined and ennobling influences. He 
was educated at Mercersburg College, at Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, and 
as he had formed the determination to enter the drug business, he matricu- 
lated at the Maryland College of Pharmacy, and was graduated in 1872, 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 571 

with the degree of Ph. G. He immediately eng-aged in the business of his 
choice and has been constantly and prominently identified with it since that 
time. Thoroughly conversant with the details of his profession, energetic 
in all his commercial transactions, as well as honorable and high-minded 
in all the different phases of life, Mr. Thomas occupies an enviable posi- 
tion among his fellow citizens, who willingly accord to him a place in their 
first ranks, not alone for his many professional and business qualities, but 
for every trait that marks the true Christian gentleman and the man of 
honor. Outside of his interests in the drug business he has been active 
in a number of other directions. He is a member of the Council of the 
American Pharmaceutical Association for the term extending from 1909 
to 1912 ; president of the General Alumni Association of the University of 
Maryland for 1909-10; president of the Maryland Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion for the term of 1909-10. He is trustee of the endowment fund of the 
University of Maryland, and is a member of the University Club of Balti- 
more. As a Democrat he has given his staunch support to his party, but 
has not been active more than the duties of a good citizen demanded. He 
and his family are regular and consistent members of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church. 

Mr. Thomas married, January 27, 1881, Effie Harris, and they have 
two children: Howell Harris, born December 13, 1881, a rising lawyer of 
Baltimore City, and John Benjamin Jr., born March 19, 1888, who is also 
engaged in the drug business in Baltimore. 

From all the foregoing it will be seen that Mr. Thomas is not merely 
a business man, although he has done much in this direction, but has given 
his energies to all plans which had for their aim the benefit of humanity. 
His life has been an active one, and his enterprises such as added to the 
general wealth and welfare of the city. He is one of those restless, ener- 
getic business men, whose whole life is an incessant battle, whose clear 
brain brings order out of chaos, and whose touch transmutes baser metals 
into gold. It is needless to say that he has exerted, and still exerts, a great 
influence on the affairs of his city. His work has been widely extended, 
and will be felt and recognized long after he shall have crossed the con- 
fines of time and eternitv. 



DAVID HENRY CARROLL 

Through all the varied responsibilities of life, David Henry Carroll, 
D. D., has acquitted himself with dignity, fidelity and honor, and won the 
approbation and esteem of his fellow-men. His large experience and great 
energy have been signally displayed in all enterprises that he has under- 
taken, and he is eminently a thoroughly practical and true type of a self- 
made man. Democratic in his manners and associations, being easily ap- 
proached by any citizen, no matter how humble, yet he is cool, calculating 
and safe in all his business transactions. A man whose natural abilities 
would secure him prominence in any community, he is eminently calcu- 
lated to manage the affairs of the great establishment of which he is vice- 
president and treasurer, and to successfully grapple with the vast enter- 
prises which must necessarily arise, from time to time, in a metropolis as 
important as Baltimore. 

For years a minister of the Methodist Episcopal church and since im- 
paired health compelled him to give up the work of the active ministry in 
1872, successively the head of the Methodist Book Depository in Baltimore, 



5/2 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

from 1872 to 1888; president of the Baltimore City Missionary and Church 
Extension Society of the Aiethodist Episcopal Church, from 1885 to 1895^ 
and since 1882 most actively identified with the manufacturing and mer- 
cantile interests of Baltimore. He was general manager of the Mount Ver- 
non Cotton Duck Company from 1882 to 1887, and president of the Laurel 
Company from 1886 to 1899, when these mills with others were consolidated 
under the name of the Mount Vernon- Woodberry Cotton Duck Company. 
He served three terms as president of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' 
Association of Baltimore, the largest and most active business men's asso- 
ciation of the city. He is president of the Consolidated Cotton Duck Com- 
pany, and director and secretary of the Mount Vernon- Woodberry Cotton 
Duck Company. His father, David Carroll, was a manufacturer of cot- 
ton duck and a pioneer in that form of manufacturing. He is remem- 
bered for his industry, energy and business success. Mrs. Ann Elizabeth 
Carroll was the mother of the subject of this sketch. 

David Henry Carroll, whose lifelike portrait accompanies this sketch, 
was born in the suburbs of Baltimore on the nth of July, 1840. A slender 
boy, and rather delicate in health, he was fond of reading, study and travel. 
While he was not trained to any form of manual labor in his boyhood 
and youth, his father's methodical and energetic life had a marked effect 
upon the son in forming his own standards and appreciation of work, and 
throughout his life he has been actively industrious. The influence of his 
mother he feels has been especially strong upon his intellectual and moral 
life. He was fond of reading biographies, histories and general litera- 
ture. His early education he received in private and public schools, at the 
Medfield Academy in Baltimore county, and in the Light Street Institute 
in Baltimore. Entering Dickinson College at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, he 
was graduated Bachelor of Arts in 1868. Three years later he received 
the degree of Master of Arts, and Dickinson College conferred upon him 
in 1885 the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity. In March, 1861, he 
was received into the Baltimore Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church as a minister of the Gospel. The choice of this lifework was the 
result of a deep personal conviction of duty, but his health did not prove 
equal to the strain of the severe work of a pastor and preacher. In 1872, 
giving up the active ministry, he took a leading part in the formation of 
the Methodist Book Depository at Baltimore, of which he became the 
head, and continued to occupy this position until 1888, when, because of 
the pressure of multiplied duties, he resigned. In 1882 he became officially 
identified with the Mount Vernon Cotton Duck Company, acting as gen- 
eral manager until 1887. His knowledge of this business led to his election 
in 1886 as president of the Laurel Company. In 1899, upon the consolida- 
tion of these companies with others under the name of Mount Vernon- 
Woodberry Cotton Duck Company, Mr. Carroll became director^ member of 
executive committee and secictary. In 1901 he became vice-president and 
secretary of the United States Cotton Duck Corporation. In 1905 the Con- 
solidated Cotton Duck Company was formed of the Mount Vernon- Wood- 
berry Cotton Duck Company and the United States Cotton Duck Corpora- 
tion, and he was made vice-president and secretary and subsequently treas- 
urer of it. He is now president of that company and also vice-president 
and director of the International Cotton Mills Corporation, which manu- 
factures cotton duck, cordage, twines, yarns and various lines of cotton 
goods. 

Early and always identified with the Methodist Episcopal church, in 
addition to the positions named above, Mr. Carroll is president of the 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 573 

trustees of the American University of Washington, D. C. ; vice-president 
of Morgan College, Baltimore ; president of the Educational Fund of the 
Baltimore Conference of the Methodist Episcopal church ; treasurer and 
member of the board of trustees of the Baltimore Conference ; treasurer of 
the Education Society of Baltimore Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and also of the American Methodist Historical Society. He is also 
a trustee of Dickinson College. He was a delegate to the General Con- 
ference of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1888, and in 1904 ; and he 
has been "reserve" (or alternate) to several other general conferences. He 
vi'as a delegate to the Centennial Conference in 1884; and to the Ecumenical 
Methodist Conference in London, England, in 1901. He is a leading mem- 
ber and one of the headquarters committee of the Anti-Saloon League; 
president of the Maryland State Lord's Day Alliance, and no good cause 
has ever failed to have from him a generous support in labor, time and 
money. 

Actively interested in the manufactures and trade of Baltimore, in 
addition to having served as president of the Merchants' and Manufactur- 
ers' Association for three terms, declining re-election. State Director for 
Maryland for the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association, and vice-presi- 
dent of the National Rivers and Harbors Congress, he is also a director 
in the Continental Trust Company of Baltimore, the Columbian National 
Life Insurance Company of Boston. Massachusetts, and in various busi- 
ness corporations. When the National City Bank of Baltimore was organ- 
ized Dr. Carroll was by unanimous consent elected its president. He is a 
director and treasurer of the Hospital for Consumptives of Maryland, and 
he is an officer, director or trustee in various other charitable institutions, 
and has always given his influence to those interests which promote cul- 
ture, which work for the Christianizing of the race and which recognize 
the common brotherhood of men. 

He is a member of the Alpha Beta Kappa fraternity. He is a Mason. 
He is a member of the Merchants' Club and the Municipal Art Societv. 
His favorite forms of exercise and relaxation have been riding, driving and 
travel. He has traveled extensively throughout the entire United States, 
and he has visited Europe for extended tours at various times. To young 
citizens who wish to succeed he recommends : "Temperance, morality, in- 
dustry. There are no substitutes for these ; and there is no success worthy 
of the name without these." His industry and energy, his courage and 
fidelity to principle, are illustrated in his career, and brief and imperfect 
as this sketch necessarily is, it falls far short of justice to him, if it fails 
to excite regret that there are not more citizens like him in virtue and abil- 
ity, and gratitude that there are some so worthy of honor and of imitation. 

On July 6, 1865, Mr. Carroll married Mary E. Boyd, daughter of 
Andrew Boyd, of Frederick, Maryland. 

Doctor Carroll's address is 809 Continental Trust Building, Baltimore, 
Maryland, and the National City Bank of Baltimore, 15 South street. 



CONWAY WHITTLE SAMS 

Judge Conway Whittle Sams, whose recent death wrought sorrow not 
only in judicial circles in Baltimore, but in many others as well, was born 
in the parish of St. Thomas and St. Denis, January 22, 1862, and died at 
Atlantic City, New Jersey, September 5, 1909. He was the son of Rev. 



574 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

J. Julius and ]\Iary (Whittle) Sams. Rev. J. Julius Sams removed to 
Baltimore with his family when his eminent son, the late judge, was a boy 
of sixteen years, and for many years he served as pastor of the Holy Trin- 
ity Protestant Episcopal Church. 

The preliminary education of Judge Sams was received in schools in 
his native town, and when he came to Baltimore he was placed in the Carey 
School, later taking a special course in Johns Hopkins University, and 
finally becoming a student at the University of Maryland, from the law 
department of which he was graduated in 1884. He then attended special 
lectures on the subject of law at the University of Virginia, and was 
admitted to the bar at the age of twenty-three years. He was engaged in 
the practice of law for a number of years before he became actively a 
worker in the political field, was a member of the law firm of Sams & 
Johnson, his partner being J. Hemsley Johnson, and served as president 
of the ^Maryland Bar Association. In 1900 he was appointed as Chief 
Judge of the appeal tax court, by Mayor Hayes, and in 1908 was appointed 
by Governor Crothers to succeed himself on the supreme bench of Balti- 
more City. From the time he took an active interest in political matters, 
he was almost constantly before the public. When he was elected to the 
city council, it was as a representative of the old Nineteenth Ward. He was 
a member of the House of Delegates in 1892. While judge of the appeal tax 
court he made many changes and improvements in this department, an im- 
portant improvement being the equalization of taxation. These changes 
and improvements proved to be of such value that they were retained by his 
successors. 

Judge Sams' activities branched out in many directions. He made 
a special point of following the careers of young law students, and he was 
a lecturer in the Baltimore University School of Law for some years. He 
took a personal interest in all the students w4io attended his classes, and this 
interest in many cases was the incentive to earnest and untiring work. He 
was greatly beloved by the students, as he was by all classes of people with 
whom he came in contact. During his years of association with the Mary- 
land Bar Association, he was chairman of the committee on laws in that 
corporation since 1906, and before his election to the presidency, he served 
for many years as secretary. For many years Judge Sams had been a ves- 
tryman of Holy Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church, and for some years 
a delegate to the church conventions. His illness was a short one and his 
death came as a great shock to his numerous friends. With him at the 
time of his death were his sisters, Mrs. J. Addison Cooke and Mrs. Edward 
Duffy, of Baltimore, and his private physician. Dr. Joseph H. Branham. 
The body was taken to Baltimore, where funeral services were held at the 
Emmanuel Church, and it was then taken to Norfolk for interment in Elm- 
wood Cemetery. The services at the church were conducted by Revs. D. H. 
Evan Cotton and Alexander Evan Edwards, of Holy Trinity, and those 
at the grave were under the conduct of Rev. E. P. Miner, of St. Luke's 
Protestant Episcopal Church. The flag of the Old Bay Line steamer which 
took the body of the late Judge to Norfolk, was at half mast during the 
trip. 

While the mind of Judge Sams was a brilliant one in some respects, 
and those most worthy ones, it was that of a little child. He was deeply 
imbued with a truly religious spirit, and following is the prayer he recited 
nightly : 

Almighty God, the Giver of Wisdom, without Whose help resolutions are vain, 
without Whose blessing study is ineffectual, enable me, if it be Thy will, to attain 







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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 575 

such knowledge as may qualify me to direct the doubtful and instruct the ignorant, 
to prevent wrong and terminate contention, and Grant that I may use that knowledge 
which I shall obtain to Thy Glory and Salvation, For Jesus Christ's sake, Amen. 

No more fitting" tribute could be paid to the character and hfe of Judge 
Sams than is contained in the minute accepted at the memorial meeting of 
the Bench and Bar in honor of the dead jurist. It is in part as follows : 

Unlike many judges who have been commemorated on similar occasions, Judge 
Sams is to be thought of in the light of his promise rather than that of his perfor- 
mance, for he was the youngest of our judges and had served on the bench little more 
than a year, having been appointed by the governor to fill a vacancy April 28, 1908. 
But this short time was sufficient to demonstrate that the high qualities which he was 
known by his friends to possess were such as to make it sure that, if by the popular 
vote he had been continued in his judicial office, he would have discharged its duties 
in such a way as to merit the confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens and the 
approbation of the bar for his impartiality and integrity, as well as for his industry 
and ability. Judge Sams was a well read lawyer, of sound sense and discriminating 
judgment, faithful to his clients, fair and courteous to his brethren of the bar, respect- 
ful and candid in his behavior to the court. He served the public in the City Council 
of Baltimore, in the General Assembly of Maryland and for more than eight years as 
chief judge of the Appeal Tax Court. It was in the place last mentioned that the 
public at large was best able to take his measure. He there showed himself devoted 
to the interests of the city, quick to apprehend facts, resourceful in suggestions and 
plans for the betterment of conditions, just and equable in his dealings with all people, 
whether rich or poor, who came before him, and intrepid in pursuing whatever course 
his reason and conscience taught him to be right. And yet, in a position where the 
selfish interests of many people were touched, he was singularly popular — it may be 
said, universally popular — except, perhaps, with some of those whom he compelled to 
bear what he deemed their fair share of the burdens of taxation. Such qualities as 
these presaged for him a career of distinction as a judge. Certainly they won for 
him the affectionate regard of his brethren of the law, who are taught by their own 
sorrow at his death to sympathize with the deeper grief of those who were bound to 
him by the close ties of blood. 



HARRY D. BUSH 

Baltimore has no more valuable or more loyal citizens than those sturdy 
progressive sons of New England who have cast in their lot with the people 
of the Old Line State. Conspicuous among them is Harry D. Bush, vice- 
president and manager of the well-known Baltimore Bridge Company. On 
both sides Mr. Bush descends from old Massachusetts families of colonial 
distinction. 

David A. Bush, grandfather of Harry D. Bush, was of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and took a prominent part in the affairs of the community, 
being a well-known manufacturer of wagons, carts, plows, and also builder 
of Bush's Block, still standing on Main street, opposite Howard, just below 
the center of the city's business district. A man of large nature and liberal 
sentiments, he refused to subscribe to the narrow and gloomy theology of 
Jonathan Edwards, and with characteristic independence identified himself 
with Universalism, which appealed to his kindly spirit by reason of the 
hope which it extended to the race and also because of its rebuke to the 
oppressive Puritanism of his day. He was one of the builders of the First 
Universalist Church in Springfield. David A. Bush married Elizabeth 
Williams, and named his son Austin Ballou, in honor of Hosea Ballou, 
the founder of Universalism. 

Austin Ballou, son of David A. and Elizabeth (Williams) Bush, ad- 
hered to the Universalist church, being for many years treasurer of the 



5/6 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

church in Springiield, and further demonstrating the independence inherited 
from his father by identifying himself, in a Republican community, with 
the Democratic party. He married Susan E., daughter of David and Rachel 
(Ellery) Millard, of Springfield, originally of Gloucester, Massachusetts. 
Susan E. Millard was born in Maine after the family left Gloucester and 
before they went to Springfield. The Ellerys were also of Gloucester, where 
the ancient family dwelling, the oldest house on Cape Ann, is still standing. 
Austin Ballou Bush died in 1905. 

Harry D., son of Austin Ballou and Susan E. (Millard) Bush, was 
born April 2, 1857, in Springfield, Massachusetts, and received his prepara- 
tory education in the elementary and high schools of his native city, after- 
ward attending the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, whence he was 
graduated with honor, ranking second in his class and receiving the degree 
of Bachelor of Science. His special tastes were for science and mathe- 
matics. He has always been a great reader and has a large private library 
of essays, romance, poetry and the drama. His home reading has been 
outside the field of his work. Mr. Bush entered upon the career of a civil 
engineer in the old R. F. Hawkins Bridge Works in Springfield, becoming, 
at the end of two years bridge engineer for the Northern Pacific Railroad 
Company, with headquarters at Portland, Oregon. He built the inclines 
for the large transfer boat which ferried trains over the Columbia River 
at Kalama, Oregon, and made the drawings afterward. From the outset 
he gave evidence of the possession of remarkable executive ability, com- 
bined with keen discrimination and that persistent energy which prompts 
a man to accomplish whatever he undertakes. After four years at Port- 
land he was for a year assistant engineer in the office of George S. Mori- 
son, in New York City, next becoming superintendent of the Bridge Shops 
of the Dominion Bridge Company, Limited, of Montreal, Canada. After 
remaining there three years Mr. Bush went abroad and spent a year avail- 
ing himself of various opportunities of seeing the process and results of 
European bridge building, while Mrs. Bush continued her musical studies. 
On his return he spent two years with Mr. Morison, of New York, with 
whom he had formerly been associated, and after that went again to Port- 
land, Oregon, where for three years he was engineer and superintendent 
for contractors who constructed the Bull Run pipe line, twenty-four miles 
long, for the waterworks system of the city of Portland, and the steel 
gates for the Cascade Locks, Columbia River, the largest ever built pre- 
vious to the Panama Canal. 

Mr. Bush next became contractor for the pipe line for the waterworks 
system of New Bedford, Massachusetts, and in 1899, after an absence 
of ten years, returned to the Dominion Bridge Company as engineer in 
charge of erection of bridges. During this second period of connection 
with them he had charge of erection of the Royal Alexandra bridge across 
the Ottawa River, at Ottawa, Ontario. While in Canada Mr. Bush showed 
he possessed not only the ability to execute, but also the talent for convey- 
ing in the form of literary expression, technical instruction and informa- 
tion. He presented to the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers a paper on 
the construction of this bridge, for which he was awarded the Czowski 
silver medal, an annual prize given the writer of the paper or article of 
highest merit on some phase of engineering. In 1903 Mr. Bush came to 
Baltimore, where he now holds the positions of vice-president and manager 
of the Baltimore Bridge Company, then recently organized. This com- 
pany has a well-deserved reputation for turning out the best work, and 
has furnished bridges and buildings on the Baltimore & Ohio and other 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 577 

railroads, the notable steel arch bridge over the spillway of the Croton 
dam for the New York City Aqueduct Commission, and much work for 
export, including all the bridges in the Gautemala railway system, bridges 
in Costa Rica, a great sugar mill in Cuba and several important contracts 
for the Isthmian Canal Commission. They have recently finished the steel 
work for the Fidelity building and the "Bromo-Seltzer" tower in Balti- 
more, and are now building the great wireless telegraph towers (one of 
them 600 feet high) for the United States Navy at Arlington, Virginia. 
The growth of the company is due in no small measure to the remarkable 
business talents and untiring energy of the vice-president and manager, 
a man of action rather than words, quick and decisive in his methods and 
keenly alive to any business proposition and its possibilities. It is largely 
as a result of his work that the Baltimore Bridge Company's plant has 
just been acquired by the Carnegie Steel Company, who will enlarge its 
scope under his continued management. He belongs to that class of dis- 
tinctively representative American men who promote public progress in 
advancing individual prosperity, and whose private interests never preclude 
active participation in movements and measures which concern the general 
good. He is president of the Tube Bending and Polishing Machine Com- 
pany of Baltimore, a new industry which he, in connection with Miner C. 
Keith, the president and owner of the Baltimore Bridge Company, brought 
from Newark, New Jersey, and also of the Compressed Copper Company, 
an organization subsidiary to the preceding. He is a man of singularly 
strong personality, capable of handling men without apparent efifort and 
without show of authority, but can act and speak decisively when the occa- 
sion arises. 

Despite the fact that Mr. Bush is pre-eminently a civil engineer of 
standing, he is also a business man. He takes a lively interest in public 
affairs, which every American citizen must feel, and gives his vote to 
the Democratic party. His genial disposition renders him extremely popu- 
lar socially and has drawn around him a large circle of warmly attached 
friends. He is a member of the American and Canadian Societies of Civil 
Engineers, the Engineers' and Whitehall clubs of New York City, and the 
Baltimore Athletic Club. Interested in athletics from the standpoint of 
their general value to the race physically, his appearance testifies to the 
fact. Compactly and strongly built, of vigorous and alert bearing, kindly 
countenance and affable manners, he looks the man he is, practical, and yet 
with a keen and well-developed sense of form which makes for beauty 
as well as stability. His favorite exercises (when he has time) are walk- 
ing and canoeing. He has paddled his canoe on the Connecticut, St. Law- 
rence, Ottawa, Willamette and Columbia rivers and the Chesapeake Bay. 
When at school in Worcester he and his chums walked one Saturday from 
Worcester to Fitchburg, forty-five miles, and climbed up to the top of 
Mt. Wachusett on the way for additional amusement and exercise. His 
work in the West called for constant walking, which he misses now, being 
tied down long hours to his desk. His thoughtful blue eyes are contem- 
plative, the eyes of a man who projects his thought into the future, who 
visualizes the work he plans ; his reflective faculties are strong ; his per- 
ceptive faculties still stronger. Liberal in his views and true to the tradi- 
tions of his family, Mr. Bush's attendance at church has always been with 
the Universalists or Unitarians. During the last few years of Walt Whit- 
man's life Mr. Bush was one of his supporters and attended several of the 
birthday dinners given to the "Good (jray Poet," including the one made 
famous by the debate between Whitman and IngersoU on "Immortality," 



578 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

after which Ingersoll pubHcly pronounced, if not his behef, at least his hope, 
in a future hfe. 

Mr. Bush married (first) Emma F. Wetherbee, of Gardner, Massachu- 
setts, of the well-known Lynde family. Mrs. Bush studied music under 
W. H. Sherwood in Boston, and later with the Scharwenkas in Berlin, and 
in New York when they came to this country. For a number of years she 
was a teacher of music in the Peabody Institute, and was well known 
for her musical ability. Mrs. Bush died in 1907, and Mr. Bush married 
(second), in 1909, Frances (Dent) Davis, daughter of Thomas Dent, of St. 
Mary's county, Maryland, and granddaughter of Captain John Allston, one 
of the old settlers of that county, whose son, Joseph Stone Allston, brother 
of Ann Frances Allston, mother of Mrs. Bush, was State Senator and 
a man of influence. 

For success in a profession like engineering Mr. Bush gives the fol- 
lowing rules : First : Technical education, either in school of technology 
or self acquired, the latter meaning much sacrifice and hardship. Second : 
Practical experience in actual construction work (Mr. Bush's first year was 
spent in the shops at a dollar a day). The college man, in starting, must 
be willing and able to learn from his workm.en how real work is done. 
Third : Love of the work and the firm belief that engineering is the great- 
est of all professions, since the engineer controls, uses and subdues the 
forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. Fourth : Incessant work, then 
work, then more work. 



DRAYTON MEADE HITE 

There is no word in the language which rolls over the tongue with 
more savor than the word "Success". On Sundays and holidays men may 
be willing to admit, in a spirit of dispassionate enlightenment, that life 
holds more than one kind of success ; but the ordinary mortal, on ordinary 
days, thinks that what he wants out of life he can get if he has the price, — 
and to "get the price" means success. 

Success is the end of being, without doubt. It is living completely the 
life that the organism was meant to live, by the law of creation. As there 
are many kinds of organisms in this interesting world, there should be 
many different kinds of success. What the world, in its big, generalizing 
way, calls success is usually mixed with accident and often times failure ; 
and the noisy names from the day's papers are often terrible remnants of 
manhood. The biggest human success is to be completely a man or a woman 
— a somewhat more difficult thing than to be a millionaire or a popular 
author. The ordinary citizen who lives his life fully with a sound body 
and a tranquil mind, honored and loved by his fellow citizens, doing a real 
service to the community which claims him as its own — this is the success- 
ful man to be truly envied. 

And if the real test of a man's value is his service, then Drayton Meade 
Hite must stand foremost among Baltimore's best men, for a successful man 
he is in the fullest and best sense of the word — a splendid type of our virile 
American citizen, whose interests are broad and whose labors manifest 
a clear recognition of the responsibilities of wealth and position, as well as 
ability in the successful conduct of commercial affairs. Although gifted 
to a degree with the keen, alert, far-sighted business instinct, which is so 
distinctive of the American leader in the commercial world, Mr. Hite, be 
it known, is a descendant of kings, a scion of some of the greatest makers 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 579 

of history the world has ever known, as well as a descendant ,of famous 
heroes whom the people of this country have delighted to honor. He is 
eligible to about every early arrival society there is, and has, to the demo- 
cratic citizen of common clay, a rather formidable pedigree — so much of 
one, in fact, that his chart looks something like a reprint from a financial 
review, showing the fluctuation of the market for the year. It ramifies 
back to the brave days when those of our forebears who had arrived on 
the spot were so dauntlessly building this great republic- — back, a hundred 
years before the existence of our good country was dreamed of, to Edward 
III. of England, who was annexing Scotland to the British possessions and 
carving up France to suit himself — back to William the Conqueror and 
Alfred the Great and the dawn of English civilization. 

We have here in America a fictional tradition that all men are born 
free and equal, but we also have a little platitude, you remember, to the 
effect that blood will tell ; and it is significant in this connection, that when- 
ever this man has undertaken anything, he has "made good". His far- 
famed ancestors "made good" in their various ages and professions, whether 
it was building kingdoms or leading armies ; but modern life reqviires more 
kinds of courage than any previous civilization. And to be a leader of 
men, in the sense that Mr. Hite is a leader, to deal successfully with many 
men of many minds, requires more versatility, more chivalry, more courage 
than to lead a forlorn hope or to storm a fortress. 

Mr. Hite, however, is extraordinarily quiet and unassuming, not at 
all blood-proud, never announcing his lineage from the housetops, and 
it is not our intention here to go into genealogical details. All this has 
been done for us in the "Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal", the Clarence 
Volume (a copy of which edition is now in the possession of Mr. Hite), 
compiled by the Marquis of Ruvigny and Raineval. Suffice it here to state 
that any one whose name appears in this Roll can trace an ancestry in an 
unbroken line to William the Conqueror and Alfred the Great, to St. Louis, 
of glorious fame, and to the Emperor Charlemagne, perhaps the most splen- 
did figure in mediaeval history. While a word from the King of England 
can elevate one to "the peerage", or a successful financial speculation to the 
"landed gentry", birth, and birth alone, entitles one to a place in the Plan- 
tagenet Roll. It is, however, of the man himself and not of his family 
that we wish to speak. For Drayton Meade Hite, of Baltimore, has a lot 
of other qualifications besides the blood of kings and a fine and distinguished 
manner. To his credit be it said that he does not try to get by with these 
awe-inspiring attributes as his only raison d'etre. 

But before going further, we would leave our task sadly unfinished if 
we did not pause here to pay some tribute, a tribute due from us and from 
every chronicler of Baltimore history, to this man's father, James Madison 
Hite, one of the leading spirits of the Monumental City, who laid so wisely 
and so well an enduring foundation of success, upon which has been erected 
such a notable superstructure. 

James M. Hite was born in Clarke county, Virginia, in 1825, and came 
to Baltimore about the year 187 1. He took immediately that prominent 
place in the social and business life of the city to which his birth and quali- 
fications entitled him. Comprehending as few did at that time the tre- 
mendous future in the real estate field, he turned his attention and ener- 
gies to this line of work and soon built up a very substantial business 
with headquarters at St. Paul and Lexington streets. He was a great- 
nephew of President Madison, and a grandson of Major Isaac Hite, who 
took such a prominent part in the Revolutionary War. His wife, who 



58o HISTORY OF Bx\LTIMORE 

was Harriet Green Meade, belonged to the famous Virginia family of that 
name which numbers among its members many of the principal actors in 
our War of Independence, among them Colonel Richard Kidder Meade, 
who was aide-de-camp to General Washington. Mr. Hite died, March lo, 
1892, at the age of sixty-seven, leaving to his children, Ann R. M. Hite and 
Drayton Meade Hite, a rich heritage, and a memory blest by hundreds in 
this community who have profited through knowing him or have been bene- 
fited through his aid. 

Drayton Meade Hite was born and educated in Virginia, and in 1872, 
while yet a lad of nineteen, started in the general collection business jn 
Baltimore. He naturally drifted into the real estate field, and in 1876 he 
laid the foundation of what has grown to be, through his individual and 
indefatigable efforts, probably the best known real estate firm in this sec- 
tion. As every one who is interested in real estate in and around Balti- 
more knows, the offices of this well known agency are located at No. 14 
East Lexington street. 

Clear-visioned, level-headed, wise, aware of the tricks and trimmings 
of the business, contemptuous of the fakes and humbugs, not taken in by 
the valuation in men and m^atters, he assays men as a chemist assays, glad 
when he finds a pay streak, and willing and anxious to give credit for it, 
but equally willing to point out what is bogus. Kind towards the strug- 
glers with "the stuff" in them, merciless to the humbug and the fraud, help- 
ing the real ones along — one of the good men in his line, this is Drayton 
Meade Hite. 

He is noted for his kindliness, his charities, his philanthropies, and his 
personal helpfulness to those about him. And there is no "grandstanding" 
about it either. He does not let his right-hand pocket even suspect how 
much has been contributed in quiet, kindly beneficial aid from his left- 
hand pocket. After the great fire of 1904, he was one of the most active 
men in Baltimore in the rehabilitation of the city, and it is to the courage 
and confidence in the destiny of Baltimore, of just such men as this one, 
that is due the credit for her wonderful recovery from the disaster. 

Naturally, Mr. Hite's position entails many social obligations, which, 
true to his blood and training, he fulfils earnestly and conscientiously. He 
is a member of the Baltimore Athletic Club, the New Maryland Country 
Club, the Friendly Inn Society, the Young Men's Christian Association, the 
Prisoners' Aid Society, Men's Club of Memorial Church, and member of 
Holy Trinity Church (Episcopal). Likewise many beneficial orders and 
societies of various kinds claim him as a member, notably : Society of the 
War of 1812, Sons of American Revolution, the Masons (until two years 
ago), the Knights of the Golden Eagle, Golden Chain and Royal Arcanum, 
the Annual Refuge Association, Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to 
Animals, Germany Society of Maryland, a patron of the Child's Nursery, 
etc., etc. 

Mr. Hite is not unfamiliar with military service. While a very young 
man, he participated in the riots of 1877, at Camden station. For seven- 
teen years he has been a member of the Fifth Regiment, serving as second, 
then as first lieutenant for seven years ; and for tvv^elve years he has been 
identified with the Veteran Corps. 

Now at the age of fifty-seven, in the very prime of his powers (and 
let us whisper parenthetically, still unpersuaded to join the worthy Benedicts 
of the city), Drayton Meade Hite can look upon the work he has done and 
is doing and see that it is good. He has done much to shape the destiny 
of his home city and there is no person who will deny he is a power. Prob- 




^^^^v^^'^^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 581 

ably Drayton Meade Hite never thought of himself in this light. As we 
have said, he is a modest man, and as modest men are scarce in Maryland 
and elsewhere, it seems worth while to turn the spotlight on one man who 
is doing his big work in a big way, and not calling attention to the fact by 
means of conversation or printing or other means of personal publicity. 
Inasmuch as every community has its leading citizens in whom are focused 
the respectability, the dignity, the uplift of the place, then Drayton Meade 
Hite may be said to reflect the best that Baltimore has to give. 



GEORGE W. KNAPP 

Some men are seen at their best as founders and organizers, while 
the genius of others bends toward invention, or to the upbuilding and 
maintenance of enterprises which have been inaugurated by those of more 
initiative ability. Occasionally, however, we meet one who combines the 
talents of an organizer and the genius of the inventor with the ability to 
develop, enlarge and sustain. Such a man is George W. Knapp, director- 
general of the National Enameling and Stamping Company, one of the 
greatest industrial organizations to be found throughout the length and 
breadth of the United States. 

Mr. Knapp comes of German stock which settled in New England 
nearly three hundred years ago, and in himself are the steadfast qualities 
of the German in combination with the inventiveness for which the New 
Englander is famous. The surname Knapp appears to be both English 
and German. We find families of this name on the Eastern Shore of 
Maryland as early as 1671, and one Knapp whose will was probated in 
1680 appears to have been a man of standing and considerable property. 
Evidently these were English. Records show the name of Knapp to have 
belonged to a very ancient family in the County of Devon, England, the 
name having probably been derived from the Anglo-Saxon Cnapa. This 
is borne out by the appearance in one of the ancient rolls some seven or 
eight centuries ago of the name of De La Cnapp. Long centuries ago these 
English Knapps won the right to use coat armor. According to the family 
tradition of that branch of the family to which George W. Knapp belongs, 
his people came from Germany to New England in the earlier settlement 
of the eastern colonies. It is known also that William or Nicholas Knapp 
came from England to Watertown. Massachusetts, in 1630. From these 
New England Knapps have descended men prominent in many lines. 

John K. Knapp, father of George W. Knapp, was a native of Connecti- 
cut, his ancestors having been among the early settlers of New England, 
several of them being soldiers in the two wars with Great Britain. His 
calling was that of a chemist and in early life he became a resident of 
Maryland. He married Harriet Anne Ford, a native of that State, and, like 
himself, of colonial stock. Four children were born to them, two of whom 
are now living: John T., a civil engineer in Baltimore; and George W., 
mentioned below. John K. Knapp died in 1857, and his widow survived 
him many years, passing away in 1895. 

George W., son of John K. and Harriet Anne (Ford) Knapp, was 
born July 18, 1847, in Baltimore county, Maryland. As a youth he was 
a sturdy youngster with a strong mechanical turn of mind. His education 
was received in the public schools of our city and also under the instruc- 
tion of private tutors. Afterward he took a series of courses in scientific 



582 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

study in the technical and scientitic schools of Baltimore, and began active 
life with a manufacturing concern. Mr. Knapp's entire life has been spent 
in this field. He has worked up through every branch of a factory, and 
understands it in every detail ; has the inventive faculty in as large a meas- 
ure as any man of our day — the different patents which he has taken out 
on numerous articles numbering more than two hundred. It is probable 
that in the number and value of his inventions he is to-day second only to 
Thomas A. Edison, and the position which he now occupies in the manu- 
facturing world illustrates the quality both of his inventive faculty and 
manufacturing ability. 

Earlv in his business career Mr. Knapp became associated with the 
firm of Alatthai, Ingram & Company, manufacturers of tinware. The house 
was then newly organized and Mr. Knapp, by his unabating energy and 
unfaltering industry, combined with his aptitude for grappling with details, 
was the main factor in the upbuilding of the business which he had helped 
to organize. The firm gave employment to between eight hundred and nine 
hundred hands, turning out a product the annual aggregate of which reached 
into the millions. The entire United States constituted their market and 
their plant was a mammoth establishment, covering in its various depart- 
ments over eight acres of floor space. It was the largest concern of its 
kind in the United States, possessing the finest and most modern equip- 
ments. Mr. Knapp had charge of the manufacturing department, and many 
of the machines devised for the making of specialties turned out exclusively 
by this house were the products of his inventive genius. Branch houses 
were maintained in New York and Chicago. The business was taken over 
in 1899 bv the National Enameling and Stamping Company, manufac- 
turers of all kinds of tin and enameled ware, with executive offices in New 
York and branches in every part of the United States. Mr. Knapp has 
supervision over all the factories, which he guides and controls with the 
skill and efficiency necessary for the successful handling of the respective 
departments of this company, which is one of the giants of the industrial 
world. To thorough capacity he unites personal qualities that secure him 
the respect of all with whom he comes in contact — especially his employees. 
They have always shown a devotion to his interests rarely accorded to an 
employer. Mr. Knapp has also raised and educated a class of resident 
laborers, whose skill plays a very important part in the manufacturing in- 
dustry of which he is the guiding genius. 

In achieving the substantial success which he has made his own Mr. 
Knapp has ever guided his course with a view to promoting the welfare 
of his home city, and his private interests have never excluded an active 
participation in movements and measures which concerned the general pub- 
lic good. He is unostentatiously charitable and takes a public-spirited 
interest in politics, being identified with the Democratic party, but has 
never indulged in politics any further than to exercise the right to vote as 
his reason dictated, preferring, in common with his fellow-citizens, the more 
substantial rewards of honest industry in the way of trade and commerce 
to the ephemeral glory of the politician. He is a member of numerous 
clubs, such as the Maryland, the Baltimore Yacht, the Elkridge Fox Hunt- 
ing, the Baltimore Country, the Maryland Country, the Maryland Jockey, 
the Merchants' Club, and the Fulton Club of New York. He is fond of 
outdoor exercises, and finds his recreation in golfing, yachting, fishing, 
gunning and motoring. His reading has been chiefly of technical books and 
works bearing on mechanics, these being helpful to him in his business and 
also a source of pleasure. He is a director of the Baltimore Trust Com- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 583 

pany and other large financial institutions. A man of genial disposition 
and courteous, affable manners, he is an ever-welcome presence in society 
and in the social organizations to which he belongs. He and his family 
are members of the Protestant Episcopal church. Dignified, yet alert, in 
bearing, with a countenance expressive of the executive force and controll- 
ing ability of which he has abundantly proved himself the possessor, Mr. 
Knapp looks the astute, sagacious, energetic business man he is — one who 
has long been recognized by his fellow-citizens as a power in the commer- 
cial world of Baltimore. 

Mr. Knapp married, February 28, 1878, Katherine E., daughter of the 
late Nicholas and Susan (Gray) Boone, of Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
both of whom were descendants of early settlers in that state. Mr. and 
Mrs. Knapp are the parents of the following children : George Wroth Jr., 
Alfred Marion, William Gideon, and Katherine E. Knapp. The sons were 
educated at Lamb's School, Baltimore, and at Johns Hopkins University, 
and Harvard Law School. Mrs. Knapp, a woman of charming personality, 
is admirably fitted by mental endowments, thorough education and innate 
grace and refinement for her position as one of the potent factors of Bal- 
timore society. 

The broad-gauge, all-around business man is at once the mainstay and 
the motive power of every community in which he is found, and especially 
is he essential to the growth and development of great cities. Of this type 
is George W. Knapp, and happy would it be for Baltimore if she had "five 
hundred as good as he." 



JOHN W. PUTTS 

To have earned the title "the upright merchant'' is an honor which 
everyone may covet, but not everyone attain. The temptations that assail 
the business man, more especially in modern times, when competition has 
reached its keenest point, are manifold, and it requires a man of strict and 
ingrained integrity to resist these temptations. Such a man was John W. 
Putts, who was not alone a good man and an eminent merchant, but 
whose business methods were worthy of emulation in every respect. 

Mr. John W. Putts was born in Winchester, Virginia, in the year 185 1. 
He received his education in the common schools of the vicinity, and after 
his family removed to Baltimore in 1862, he continued his studies at night 
school, being employed during the day by B. B. Swayne, a connection 
which continued in force until the retirement of Mr. Swayne from busi- 
ness. At that time the establishment of B. B. Swayne was on Charles 
street, near Lexington. Mr. Swayne conducted the only exclusively fancy 
goods store then in Baltimore, his line being jewelry, fans and toilet arti- 
cles. Into this establishment came young Putts, and for little money — so 
little that his salary was reckoned by the month instead of by the week — 
he worked very hard as general utility boy. His natural ability, combined 
with his strict attention to the duties which fell to his lot, could not fail 
to attract the attention of the proprietor of the store in which he was em- 
ployed, and he, realizing the benefits to be derived from having so con- 
scientious a man in his employ, advanced him, step by step, until, in 1876, 
he was admitted to a junior partnership, the firm name becoming Swayne 
& Putts. Under the able management of Mr. Putts, all the most modern 
methods of the mercantile trade were introduced, and the business grew 
in every direction. In April, 1884, Mr. Swayne decided to retire from busi- 



584 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

ness, and Mr. Putts purchased his interest in the concern, and became the 
sole proprietor, conducting the business alone until his death. In 1889 Mr. 
Putts moved his business to the southwest corner of Charles and Fayette 
streets, buying out the unexpired lease to the building from Samuel Child 
& Son. 

As the scope of his business increased the requirements for space for 
its conduct also increased, and in 1897, finding the building inadequate to, 
accommodate the growing business, Mr. Putts had the old structure torn 
down and erected what was called the "Glass Palace." But in February 
of 1904, first by the use of dynamite in the hope of arresting the advance 
of the Baltimore fire, the glass palace was razed to the ground, and shortly 
afterward the oncoming flames left nothing but ashes to mark the site of 
the attractive building and its stock of fancy goods. Shortly after the fire 
Mr. Putts opened what he intended to be temporary quarters on Park ave- 
nue, near Lexington street. Impatient, however, at the delay in deter- 
mining upon rebuilding, he finally decided to remain permanently at this 
location. He purchased the adjoining property at the northwest corner of 
Lexington street and Park avenue, and there erected another glass palace. 
The establishment makes a specialty of glassware, china, household fur- 
nishings of all kinds, silverware, both sterling and plates, leather goods, 
jewelry, fans and bric-a-brac, toys, gas and electric portables. A special 
feature of the business, and one which was of considerable importance, was 
the equipment of hotels, steamboats and railroad restaurants. Mr. Putts 
had been in the habit of making numerous trips to Europe to purchase his 
wares directly from the manufacturers, thus enabling him to place them on 
sale at a minimum price as the profit of the middleman was thus elimi- 
nated. 

Other than the business of his fancy goods store, Mr. Putts had com- 
paratively few interests. He was one of the incorporators of the Guardian 
and Trust Company, which subsequently became the Maryland Trust Com- 
pany. He was active in charity work, and was one of the heartiest sup- 
porters of the Children's Fresh Air Society. He was one of the incorpo- 
rators of this society. Mr. Putts was the originator of street fairs for rais- 
ing money to support the unfortunates, the first year the proceeds being 
a hundred dollars, and the year preceding his death the large sum of nine- 
thousand dollars being realized by systematic effort. The only order to 
which Mr. Putts belonged was the Royal Arcanum. For many years he 
was an active member of Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, and actively 
identified with the management of the church and Sunday school affairs. 

In 1872 Mr. Putts married Mary Louise Meredith. Children by this 
marriage : Albert C. Putts, married Mattie Stingle ; William E. Putts, 
deceased ; Dr. B. Swayne Putts, married Edna Beuhl ; Mabel, who married 
Preston M. Gardner. Mrs. Putts died in 1892. In 1895 Mr. Putts married 
(second) Mrs. A. M. Uthman, of Dallas, Texas. Their child is Thekla 
Uthman-Putts. Mrs. Putts is a woman of gracious personality, and con- 
tinues the charitable work with which her husband was so long identified. 
Mrs. Putts has endowed a bed in the Children's Fresh Air Society in mem- 
ory of her husband, and is known to the needy of the city as a friend of 
all unfortunnates. 

The death of Mr. Putts, which occurred February 5, 1910, at his Bal- 
timore home. No. 2002 Eutaw Place, robbed the city of one of its finest 
representatives. He was one of those merchants who have gained for Bal- 
timore her reputation for fair dealing and honorable methods. He was 
modest and retiring in his manner, and never sought to take an active part 




Photo by Janvier 



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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 585 

in the political affairs of the city, although he cast his vote regularly. His 
charities were almost numberless, but he never paraded what he had in 
mind to do. At the time of his death the directors of the Children's Fresh 
Air Society held a special meeting and adopted resolutions of respect to 
the memory of Mr. Putts, who had served for many years as vice-president 
of the society. His life is an inspiration to the young men of to-day. It 
reveals clearly the possibilities before the earnest young man who is willing 
to work, and it also brings the vision of large accomplishment to those 
who make the effort. The death of Mr. Putts was mourned as sincerely 
by high and humble as ever falls to the lot of any man. Not only his 
works will perpetuate his name, but the far sweeter monument of grateful 
memory of those who knew him. His story is that of God-given ability 
directed into the channels of a pure and honorable life. 



SAMUEL JOHNSTON 

Dr. Samuel Johnston, of Baltimore, Maryland, for many years an 
authority on the subject of diseases of the throat, has achieved a world-wide 
reputation. The history of his ancestors is closely connected with the his- 
tory of Ireland, many members of the family having distinguished them- 
selves in battle. At the battle of the Boyne, John Johnston was instru- 
mental in saving the life of William III., and for this service the winged 
spur on his crest was changed to the striking arm, the family using the 
crest in the latter form at the present day. Originally the family had its 
home in Scotland, from whence they migrated to Dublin, Ireland, and from 
there some of its members came to America. The parents of Dr. Johnston 
were William Wilson and Rosina Martin (Upshur) Johnston. 

Dr. Johnsion was born in Princess Anne county, Maryland, March 10, 
1847. He was a pupil in the Washington Academy in his native town until 
1865, in which year he matriculated at the University of Virginia, remain- 
ing there for two sessions. Six months were then spent in foreign travel, 
and after his return from Europe in 1868 he took up the study of medicine 
at the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1870 with the degree of M.D. The ability he had displayed during 
the progress of his studies earned him an appointment as clinical assistant 
to Doctors S. D. Gross and Joseph Pancoast of the Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege. In 1873 he established himself in the practice of his chosen profession 
in Baltimore, and in 1874 returned to Europe in order to make an especial 
study and exhaustive research in connection with diseases of the throat. 
One year was spent in Leipsic and Vienna, and in 1875 he was appointed 
chief of the clinic at the Hospital for Diseases of the Throat, Golden 
Square, London, under the auspices of the celebrated Sir Morell Mac- 
kenzie, which office he held for one year. On his return from England 
he brought a testimonial from his teacher and chief, of which the following 
is a copy : 

19 Harley street. Cavendish Square, west; September 26, 1876. — Dr. Johnston 
acted as my Chef de CHnique for a year, and during four months had sole charge 
of my hospital patients. I have never before placed an assistant in so responsible a 
position. From the post filled by Dr. Johnston I had ample opportunuities of judging 
of his character and capacity. Obliging in disposition, precise in all his dealings, perse- 
vering in the pursuit of knowledge, possessed of exceptional manual dexterity and 
ever ready to sacrifice himself for the benefit of his patients, he has already obtained 
an experience surpassed by few. With such qualifications I cannot doubt that he 



586 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

will become one of the most celebrated practitioners in America, as he is already one 
of the most accomplished laryngologists whom England has produced. (Signed Morell 
Mackenzie). 

He then returned to this country and resumed his practice here. He 
was one of the founders of the American Laryngological Association, was 
elected president in 1899, and while holding this office delivered the address 
at Washington. D. C, May i, 1900. He has made sundry contributions to 
medical literature, notably in 1877, a report of a case, "The Removal of a 
Toy Locomotive from the Sub-Glottic Cavity by Tracheotomy and Thyrot- 
omv-Recovery". He is surgeon to the Baltimore Eye, Ear and Throat 
Charity Hospital, inember of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Mary- 
land and the American Medical Association. The success which has at- 
tended his treatment of the cases in his especial branch of medical practice 
has caused him to be regarded as an authority, and his contributions to 
medical literature are always awaited with interest. The greater portion of 
his time is devoted to his professional duties, but he is an ever welcome 
guest in the highest social circles of the city, and is a member of the Uni- 
versity Club of Baltimore. 

Dr. Johnston married, June, 1887, Fanny de B., who died in April, 
1896, a daughter of C. Morton Stewart, Esq. Dr. Johnston is a man of 
pleasant, genial manner, an excellent reconteur, and a clear and convincing 
speaker on every subject. He is warmly interested in artistic culture, and 
has given his earnest support to every measure which has had for its object 
the improvement of the city in any direction. 



GEORGE MOORE BRADY 

Among the younger members of the legal profession of our city who 
are doing their part in maintaining its well known high character must be 
mentioned George Moore Brady. He was born in Baltimore. His father, 
James H. Brady, came to this city as a young man. He is now a well 
known retired business man of Baltimore, having been for many years a 
director of the Traders' National Bank, and president of the Moore & 
Brady Company. His mother before her marriage was Catherine Taylor 
Hunter. 

After receiving his elementary education in public and private schools 
he entered the preparatory department of Loyola College, and later its col- 
legiate department. In 1900 he graduated and received the degree of 
A. B. In the fall of the same year he entered the Georgetown University, 
pursuing courses both in its law school and in the graduate school attached 
to its collegiate department. In 190 1 he received the degree of A. M., in 
1902 a licentiate in philosophy, and in 1903 the degree of Ph. D. He pre- 
sented as his thesis "The Existence of Comity among the Several States". 
In 1903 he also received the degree of LL. B. from the law department. 
In the same year he became a member of the bar of the District of Colum- 
bia and of that of Maryland. He immediately began the practice of la\y, 
but at the same time pursued courses of research work at the Catholic 
University of America, devoting his investigations to the subjects of rail- 
road law, corporation law, taxation and municipal corporations. In 1905 
he received the degree of LL. M. from the Catholic University, and in 
1907 the degree of J. D. He presented as his thesis a paper entitled "Mu- 
nicipal Control of Public Service Corporations". 





V^T^ 



^^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 587 

During the summer months of his college career he worked in the 
national banks of our city. At one time he taught at Gonzaga College in 
the city of Washington. His first practical experience in the practice of 
law was obtained in the Washington law offices of Herbert & Micou, of 
which Colonel Hiliary Herbert, former Secretary of the Navy, is the head. 
Later Mr. Brady was associated with the law firm of O'Brien & O'Brien, 
of which the late Judge William J. O'Brien of this city was the senior 
member. Mr. Brady left O'Brien & O'Brien to go to Washington, where 
he joined the law firm of Lambert & Baker, of which D. W. Baker, Dis- 
trict Attorney for the District of Columbia, was a member. Mr. Brady 
finally returned to Baltimore and the law firm of Maloy & Brady was 
formed. This firm, of which William Milnes Maloy is a member, enjoys 
a large and lucrative practice. 

Mr. Brady is a man of pleasing personality and has the merit of gain- 
ing the confidence and regard of those with whom he comes in contact. 
In religion he is a staunch Catholic and a consistent member of St. Ignatius 
Catholic Church. In politics he is known as a Democrat. He is a popular 
clubman, being a member of the University Club, the Baltimore Country 
Club and the Catholic Club. He has on several occasions represented the 
State at the dififerent International Conferences on the subject of taxa- 
tion. He devotes considerable time to charity, being interested in the St. 
Vincent de Paul Society. 

Mr. Brady is young and ambitious, industrious and strong in his reason- 
ing powers. Logic and capacity for work are his strong points. The firm 
of which he is a member is known for its untiring industry, integrity and 
success. He is sometimes over-frank in declaring his principles but 1t£ 
is sincere in maintaining them. 



RICHARD HATHAWAY EDMONDS 

Richard Hathaway Edmonds, editor of The Manufacturers Record, 
of Baltimore, is on both sides descended from early English settlers in Vir- 
ginia. His father, the Reverend Richard Henry Edmonds, was a Baptist 
minister, and married Mary Elizabeth Ashley, by whom he became the 
father of three children, the youngest of whom, Richard Hathaway, is men- 
tioned below. Mr. Edmonds died in 1858, and his widow is still living 
(1912) in the enjoyment of perfect health. 

Richard Hathaway, youngest child of Richard Henry and Mary Eliza- 
teth (Ashley) Edmonds, was born October 11, 1857, in Norfolk, Virginia. 
In 1 87 1 the family moved to Baltimore, and for the next few years Mr. 
Edmonds attended the public schools of that city. In 1876 he secured a 
position as clerk in the office of The Journal of Commerce, of Baltimore, 
subsequently becoming bookkeeper and finally one of the editors. In 1882 
The Manufacturers Record was established, with Mr. Edmonds as editor. 
The publication of The Record began with a desk room in a business office, 
and Mr. Edmonds was not only editor, but bookkeeper and business man- 
ager. His brother, William H. Edmonds, a few months after the establish- 
ment of the paper, became a partner in the enterprise as business manager, 
and the brothers were thus associated until the death of William H. Ed- 
monds in 1898. In the first editorial the purpose for which the journal 
was established was stated as that of making known to the world the 
natural resources and the industrial and commercial possibilities of the 
South. That this purpose has been accomplished the country can testify. 



588 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

The Manufacturers Record has held as its motto: "The development 
of the South means the enrichment of the Nation." At the very beg^mnmg 
of its work it took the ground that there could be no well-rounded national 
growth, no broadening of national life, until the South had been redeemed 
from the poverty following the war. In this line it has been untiring in its 
work to bring about a closer business relationship between the South and the 
rest of the country. The Manufacturers Record has always been noted for 
its absolute independence of thought. Its editorials have ever asserted its 
right to speak according to its convictions, and it has contended for the 
right of others to disregard local sentiment or temporary advantage in 
working for a common end — the permanent, substantial progress of the 
South. " It has always given business precedence over politics, and has 
viewed as the best politics the policies which in its judgment seemed best 
calculated to advance the highest interests of the South by whatever party 
they might for the time being be advocated. This independence has been 
largely responsible for the fact that practically every man in the United 
States or abroad whose observations or suggestions about the South haye 
been worth publishing has been numbered among its contributors, the list 
including cabinet officers, members of both houses of Congress, governors 
and other State officials, men active in all lines of Southern advancement 
and leaders of the best thought and opinion of all sections of the country, 
as well as intelligent, far-seeing observers in foreign parts. It is, perhaps, 
the most widely quoted industrial paper in the world. It has been said that 
it is more often quoted in Congress by members of both parties than any 
other publication. Continually for more than a quarter of a century it has 
furnished in printed matter or in personal correspondence, to thousands of 
business men, statesmen, educators, newspapers and magazines, information 
about the South, which has been freely used in orations, essays and edi- 
torials, and by railroads, bankers and others in literature distributed all 
over the world. 

Of Mr. Edmonds' work through The Manufacturers Record, the Atlanta 
Georgian, one of the leading daily papers of the South, in December, 1909, 
said : "Of all the friends and helpers the South has ever had there has 
never been one who has worked more ceaselessly for the material advance- 
ment and general welfare of this section than Richard Edmonds. Mr. 
Edmonds' phenomenal grasp of the South's resources and possibilities has 
fired courage in the breasts of men and capital that has opened mines, that 
has started mills, that has built homes, so countless and impossible to esti- 
mate that generations unborn will reap the harvests of prosperity for cen- 
turies to come from the seeds sown by this man's hand." This is typical of 
the way in which The Manufacturers Record is regarded throughout the 
South. Mr. Edmonds is a member of the American Statistical Association, 
the American Academy of Political and Social Science, the National Geo- 
graphic Society, the Southern Society of New York, the Association for 
the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, the American Iron and Steel In- 
stitute, and the Southern Historical Association. He is an active member 
of the First Baptist Church of Baltimore, and a trustee of the Southern 
Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky. 

Mr. Edmonds married, July 5, 1881, Addie L., daughter of A. W. and 
Penelope Field, of Baltimore. Mr. Field was from New England, one of 
the noted Field family of that section, and Mrs. Field was a Virginian. 
Mrs. Edmonds, a woman of charm and domesticity, is an ideal home-maker 
and devotes much of her life to religious and charitable work. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 589 



LOUIS VICTOR BAUGHMAN 

The characters and deeds of good men should be sacredly preserved, 
not only for the happiness and satisfaction which such a record will give 
to all those immediately related to them, and to their posterity, but also 
for the good example which the lives of such men furnish to the young of 
our land, thus further advancing the true interests of our country. Such 
a life was that of the late General Louis Victor Baughman, whose beneficial 
influence in politics and journalism cannot be overestimated, exerted, as it 
was. through these channels, on all classes of the community. On the 
maternal side General Baughman was a descendant of one of the oldest 
families in the State of Maryland, which traces its origin from the first 
Lord Baltimore. 

John W. Baughman, father of General Baughman, was born in 1815, 
and was a newspaper publisher, a political leader and a lawyer. He married 
Mary Jane Jamison, who was also born in 181 5, and whose line of descent 
will be found forward. Mr. Baughman died in 1872. 

Louis Victor Baughman, son of John W. and Mary Jane (Jamison) 
Baughman, was born April 11, 1845, ^t Frederick, Maryland. He received 
his education at Rock Hill and Mount St. Mary's colleges. He was a 
student at the latter institution at the time of the outbreak of the Civil War, 
and left in order to run the blockade and join the Maryland infantry. He 
was transferred to Company D, First Maryland Cavalry, Confederate States 
army. He was actively engaged in a number of battles, and was taken 
prisoner at Moorfield and held at Camp Chase for a period of nine months. 
He was exchanged in March, 1865, when the war had almost been con- 
cluded, and when he himself had not yet completed his twentieth year. 

After the war General Baughman entered the office of the Frederick 
Citizen, which had been established by his father, and for a time took up 
the study of law in Brooklyn, New York, with Enoch Louis Lowe, former 
governor of Maryland. Later he formed a business connection with the 
Narragansett Steamship Company, whose offices were in New York, but 
upon the death of his father, in 1872, General Baughman, in association 
with his brother, assumed control of the Citiaen. Fearless, impulsive, and 
frank to a degree, what he thought he said, and said with such force that 
the paper became noted for its independent opinions. He detested subter- 
fuges and indulged in no preliminaries. He struck out straight from the 
shoulder and his mind and motives were transparent. The influence and 
prestige of the paper were greatly increased while he was concerned in its 
management. 

Very early in life he took a decided part in the political afifairs of the 
Democratic party, and became noted for his aptitude in grappling with de- 
tails, and for his accurate and keen perception and judgment. As a young 
man he canvassed for the Democratic ticket in Ohio and Indiana, and al- 
though the audiences jeered and sometimes hurled brickbats, he defied them 
and stood his ground. He filled at various times some of the most important 
positions in the Democratic party, serving on the Democratic County Com- 
mittee, the State Democratic Committee and the National Democratic Com- 
mittee. As State Comptroller, for a term of four years, he did excellent 
service. He led many hard-fought battles and his zeal and ability in the 
political field caused him to be named the "Little Napoleon of Western 
Maryland". In 1886 he was nominated for Congress in the Sixth Con- 
gressional District, his opponent being Congressman Louis E. McComas. 



590 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

General Baughman made a vigorous canvass and was defeated by a narrow 
margin in a district that was then, as now, considered to be strongly Re- 
publican. In 1887 he went into the gubernatorial nominating convention 
with the support of a large body of delegates. E. E. Jackson, of Wicomico 
county, had a following even stronger, and General Baughman gracefully 
stepped aside, using his influence to bring about the nomination of his 
opponent, who was elected. This was one of the most striking episodes in 
General Baughman's political career, displaying as it did the magnanimity 
which was so marked a feature of his character. Two years before his 
death he declared his willingness to accept the Democratic nomination for 
Governor, to be made in the autumn of 1907, realizing that before entering 
upon an arduous campaign he must take time to recover his health which 
had become seriously impaired. After the death of Senator Gorman it was 
thought that General Baughman would be appointed to complete the Sena- 
tor's unexpired term. During Governor Smith's administration he appointed 
Colonel Baughman. who had served with that rank on the staff of a former 
governor, to be general on his own staff, and by this title he was thence- 
forth known. 

With his interest in politics, General Baughman combined the greatest 
pride in everything that inured to the material advancement of the State. 
His claim to fame is the official proof of his presidency of the Chesapeake &. 
Ohio canal where, during the period of two terms, he struggled to upbuild 
the property so that it might be in a position to hold its own against the 
railroads. He was joint director, with the late Senator Gorman, in the 
Washington branch of the Baltimore 81 Ohio Railroad and performed his 
duties for a period of many years. Owing to his frank and jovial manner 
he was known familiarly throughout the State as "Little General", "Colonel 
Vic", and "Father of the Valleys". He was appointed one of the commis- 
sioners at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at St. Louis. 

General Baughman married Helen, daughter of the late A. S. Abell, 
founder of The Sun, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. 
His only son. Colonel E. Austen Baughman, was city passenger agent for 
the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in Washington, while his only daughter, 
Helen, married Dr. Charles H. Conley, .of Adamstown, Frederick county. 
Mrs. Baughman was a most charming hostess, and a worthy mate to her 
gifted husband, who was in all respects the ideal host. General Baugh- 
man's delight was his farm, situated in the valley of Frederick county and 
comprising about three hundred acres, called "Poplar Terrace", the name 
being derived from the beautiful poplar trees with which it was surrounded. 
On the farm was a half-mile race course where he trained the colts raised on 
the place. He loved fine horses, not for racing purposes, but for his own 
use, and both they and his cattle were thoroughbreds. Personally General 
Baughman was one of the most companionable of men, genial and light- 
hearted, with a capacity for enjoyment which rarely survives the early years 
of life. He was possessed of a personal magnetism which drew men to 
him and attached them by warm ties of friendship, and he considered these 
ties among the most precious of his possessions. His opinion was highly 
valued in business affairs as well as in political matters, and in both public 
and private life he was regarded as the soul of honor. 

For more than a year previous to his death, General Baughman's health 
had been declining, and he was compelled to forego the good cheer of 
which he loved to partake in the companionship of congenial friends. It 
was said that it was impossible to realize what an "old Maryland dinner" 
meant until one was eaten at the home of General Baughman. He was in 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 591 

everv way the ideal entertainer, having- a fund of anecdotes and remin- 
iscences of men who have played an important part in the history of Mary- 
land. For the trials of others he had the fullest sympathy, but disagreeable 
incidents in his own life were put out of sight, if not out of memory. He 
always showed but little inclination to talk about himself, especially about 
his health, and less than a year before his death, while walking with Gov- 
ernor Brown through the streets of Baltimore, whenever weakness com- 
pelled him to stop he would draw the attention of his companion to some 
building, but would never make the slightest allusion to the real cause of 
the delay. 

General Baughman died November 30, 1906, at his country home, and 
among the many tributes to his memory evoked by the event, was an 
editorial in one of the Baltimore papers, from which we quote the fol- 
lowing extracts : 

General L. Victor Baughman was for many years prominent in the social and 
political life of the State. Few men in Maryland were better known socially, both 
within and outside of the State, and few men of this generation of Marylanders have 
been so cordially liked by so great a circle of personal friends. His appearance and 
personality were extremely pleasing; his manners were engaging, and two of the 
most prominent features of his character were his generosity and hospitality. He 
was devoted to the pursuits of country life, and it was his pride to produce upon 
his farm the delicious food which was served upon his hospitable table, around which 
have been gathered some of the leading men and women of this country. His was 
a generous, confiding, unselfish disposition, and he submitted more than once to de- 
ceptions and unfulfilled promises from party managers which would have caused 
more self-seeking men to revolt. Not only in State politics did General Baughman 
figure prominently. His death causes a distinct loss to Frederick where he was in- 
terested and influential in many public enterprises for the improvement and advance- 
ment of the city and county. 

In an editorial headed "A Fine Marylander", another Baltimore paper 
offered this glowing tribute : 

By the death of Louis Victor Baughman, Maryland loses one of the warmest- 
hearted, truest and bravest men within her borders. No man had more friends, and 
to all of these the death of General Baughman will bring keen personal grief. But 
his loss means a great deal more than a personal bereavement to an unusually large 
circle. Maryland is distinctly poorer for the quenching of such a fine spirit as that 
which burned in the breast of "Vic" Baughman. He was a man who idealized and 
elevated the good things and the beautiful things of life. With him friendship, 
loyalty, courtesy and hospitality were no mere formalities. These very characteristics 
of a generous and whole-souled man made him loyal to political attachments that 
kept him from playing the part in the public affairs of the State for which he was 
fitted by his public spirit and his intellectual abilities. His ambitions would doubtless 
have been gratified if he had been spared with the health and the strength for political 
activity in the new era of freedom that has dawned in Maryland. 

Following is the maternal line of General Baughman's ancestry : 

(I) George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore, died April 15, 1632. He 
married, November 22, 1604. Ann Mynne, who died August 8, 1622. 

(II) Governor Leonard Calvert, son of George Calvert, first Lord 
Baltimore, was born in 1606, and died June 9, 1647. 

(III) Ann Calvert, daughter of Governor Leonard Calvert, married 
Baker Brooke, born November 16, 1628, died in 1679. 

(IV) Leonard Brooke, son of Baker and Ann (Calvert) Brooke, died 
in 1718. He married Ann Boarman. 

(V) Jane Brooke, daughter of Leonard and Ann (Boarman) Brooke, 
married John Smith, who died in 1736. 

(VI) Benjamin Smith, son of John and Jane (Brooke) Smith, died in 
1777. He married Mary Neale. 



592 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

(VH) Ann Smith, daughter of Benjamin and Mary (Neale) Smith, 
married Joshua Mudd, born 1749-50. 

(Vni) Louisa Mudd, daughter of Joshua and Ann (Smith) Mudd, 
was born in 1786, and died May 25, 1825. She married Baker Jamison, 
born in 1775, died in 1837. 

(IX) Mary Jane Jamison, daughter of Baker and Louisa (Mudd) 
Jamison, married John W. Baughman. as above stated. 



JAMES SULLIVAN GARY 

James Sulhvan Gary was born in Medway, Massachusetts, November 
15, 1808. He was the son of John Gary, a farmer of Lancashire, England, 
who, with his brother, James, immigrated to this country in 1712, and set- 
tled in New Hampshire, James going to Massachusetts. His father died 
in early manhood, leaving a large family. His mother was Mary Witherell, 
and belonged to one of the oldest families in New England. When but 
five years of age James went to work in the Medway Manufacturing Com- 
pany's cotton mill, where he remained for seven years, acquiring in that 
time a thorough, practical knowledge of the details of manufacture. His 
early educational advantages were necessarily limited, but, aided by a good 
mother, he availed himself of every opportunity for mental improvement. 
Leaving the Medway Company with a view to more profitable employment, 
he engaged successively in a number of manufacturing establishments, ever 
gathering valuable knowledge of the business, which greatly contributed to 
his after success in life. In these various changes he was prudent and eco- 
nomical withal, and by the time he was twenty-two years of age he had 
saved a few thousand dollars. In 1830 he married Pamelia, daughter of 
Deacon Ebenezer Forrest, of Foxboro, Massachusetts, and removed to Un- 
casville, Connecticut, where he became a partner in a cotton factory. That 
was a most unfortunate venture for him, as the agents of the factory became 
bankrupt and he lost his entire investment. After that he spent some years 
in charge of one of the departments of the Lonsdale Manufacturing Com- 
pany's mills in Rhode Island. In 1838 Mr. Gary removed with his family 
to Maryland, where he took charge of one of the departments in the mills 
of the Patuxent Manufacturing Company, at Laurel, Prince George county. 
In 1844, with three others, he established the Ashland Manufacturing Com- 
pany of Baltimore county, and assumed the entire control of the works. 
This company operated most successfully until 1854, when the buildings and 
machinery were destroyed by fire. In addition to his control of the Ashland 
Mills, he undertook at the same time the supervision and control of the 
Patuxent Company's mills, at their invitation. About a year previous to the 
fire at the Ashland Company's mills he established, in connection with a 
partner, the Alberton Manufacturing Company, at Elysville, Howard county. 
In 1859 Mr- Gary made the discovery that through the mismanagement of 
his associate, who controlled the financial affairs, the company had become 
disastrously involved in outside operations. He at once arranged to assume 
the sole ownership of the mills, together with the heavy indebtedness. The 
creditors, believing that Mr. Gary ought not to be held responsible for 
what had been done without his knowledge, were generously disposed to 
agree to a very liberal compromise, but Mr. Gary declined the offer. He, 
however, accepted an extension of three years, promising to meet every 
claim in full. That promise he fulfilled in half the time for which he had 
asked. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 593 

In 1861 his son, James Albert Gary, was taken into partnership, under 
the firm name of James S. Gary & Son, with ofifice and warehouse in Balti- 
more. In 1863 a branch house was established in St. Louis, under the name 
of James S. Gary & Company, and both houses were very successful. In 
1866 the mills, dwellings, and the property at Alberton were greatly dam- 
aged by a freshet. They were again damaged much more disastrously in 
1868, when the whole valley of the Patapsco was suddenly swept by a tor- 
rent, which destroyed many lives and millions of dollars' worth of property. 
Mr. Gary, himself, narrowly escaped with his life. The loss to him amounted 
to over one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The waters had scarcely 
subsided when with his usual courage and energy he set about rebuilding 
his mill, having first relieved the immediate necessities of the sufferers 
around him. The work of reconstruction was pushed vigorously forward; 
and though his mills had suffered more damage than others (with one ex- 
ception), he was the first to resume operations by several weeks. Many 
improvements were made and such extensive additions that the capacity 
for production was doubled. Mr. Gary died at the age of sixty-two years 
from the effects of a carbuncle, March 7, 1870, and was buried at Alberton, 
the scene of his labors, and where the monuments of his energy and skill 
remain, in the busy mills and their pleasant surroundings. Mr. Gary was 
a man of rare ability and indomitable perseverance. He had wonderful tact 
in managing men, securing their confidence and hearty cooperation and 
good will by his hearty kindness to all. He was a Whig in politics, and 
during the Civil War a sincere and zealous Unionist. As in religion, so in 
politics, he always respected the views of others. He was not identified 
with any church, but he was governed by the Golden Rule. He left two 
children, James Albert Gary, a sketch of whom follows ; and Pamelia A., 
who married Hart B. Holton, of Baltimore county, Maryland. 

James S. Gary was of a generous, open-handed and genial disposition, 
and his kind and considerate treatment of those in his employ, combined 
with his strict sense of justice, won for him the love and respect of all who 
came in contact with him. He allowed no opportunity to pass him unused 
which could be turned to the comfort or advantage of those in his employ, 
whose welfare he considered one of his chief charges, and the sincere and 
unaffected grief evinced at the time of his death gave ample testimony to 
the affection which all bore him. 



JAMES ALBERT GARY 

James Albert Gary was born October 22, 1833, in LTncasville, Connecti- 
cut, and is a son of James Sullivan and Pamelia (Forrest) Gary, a grandson 
of John Gary and a great-grandson of John Gary who came, in 1712, from 
Lancashire, England, and settled in New Hampshire. A sketch of James 
Sullivan Gary precedes this. The son, James Albert Gary, has been, from 
the outset of his business career, associated with the cotton manufacturing 
enterprise of which his father was the founder, and in 1861 the well-known 
firm of James S. Gary & Son was organized. In 1870, when the founder 
of the business passed away. Mr. Gary continued the business until 1897, 
when he relinquished the active duties to his son, E. Stanley Gary. The 
firm's name has remained unchanged and the house maintains the position 
of leadership which it has so long held in the cotton manufacturing world. 
Mr. Gary has also been associated with many local interests, having served 



594 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

as president of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association and the Citi- 
zens" National Bank. He has been vice-president of the Consohdated Gas 
Company, and director in the American Fire Insurance Company, the Mer- 
chants" and Manufacturers" Insurance Company, the Baltimore Trust and 
Guaranty Company, the Savings Bank of Baltimore, and many other corpo- 
rations. 

Not only has Mr. Gary for a long period stood in the front rank of 
Baltimore's business men, but at the same time he has also occupied the 
position of a political leader, representing the truest ideas of Repubhcanism 
as understood by the founders of the old Whig party. Mr. Gary's father 
was an old-line Whig, and the son, growing up under his influence, and 
himself an earnest student of political conditions, identified himself, by 
natural transition, with the Republicans. In Maryland, at that early period, 
the organization was the reverse of popular, but Mr. Gary had the courage 
of his convictions. In 1858 he was nominated for the State Senate, and, 
though defeated, was 'not daunted. In January, 1861, he was a delegate 
to the Union Convention held at the Maryland Institute. In 1872 he was a 
delegate to the Republican National Convention which nominated General 
Grant for President, and, in the face of certain defeat, accepted the con- 
gressional nomination of his party. In 1875 he worked hard for the Re- 
form ticket. In 1876 he was again a delegate to the National Convention, 
and in 1879 was nominated by his party for the governorship, but was 
defeated. He was prominent in every National Convention up to 1900, and 
in the campaign of 1896 did especially effective work, rendering to his party 
valuable service. His record as a politician has been throughout a peculiarly 
honorable one and never has he been regarded as an office-seeker, nor was 
he so regarded when President McKinley tendered him the position of post- 
master-general. On March 5, 1897, the nomination was confirmed by the 
Senate, and Mr. Gary's discharge of the duties of the office was marked by 
the high order of ability and the strict fidelity to every obligation which 
have characterized his entire career. On April 21, 1898, he resigned this 
office on account of ill health, much to the regret of his chief and his asso- 
ciates in the cabinet. 

Mr. Gary married, in 1856, Lavinia W., daughter of James Corrie, and 
they became the parents of ten children, eight of whom survive. Mr. Gary 
has ever given his influence and ability to all measures that he has felt con- 
served the interest of good government, and his record entitles him to be re- 
garded as one of Maryland's most honorable and useful citizens. 



GEORGE KONIG 

One of the special glories of the Anglo-Saxon race is its self-made men 
and its governments, which tend to make self-made men possible, as many 
instances on both sides of the sea go to prove. Such is the influence of this 
atmosphere of freedom that many of those among our citizens whose ances- 
tors came from the middle classes of various countries on the continent of 
Europe have furnished the finest examples of the class of men who may be 
styled makers of their own fortunes. Baltimore has had many of these 
men and numbers them among her noblest sons, but to none does she point 
with more pride than to George Konig, Member of Congress from the Third 
Congressional District of Maryland, a man, the record of whose life stamps 
him as one of the best and most typical self-made men of his generation. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 595 

George Konig, grandfather of George Konig, was a native of Germany, 
and about 181 5 immigrated to the United States, setthng in Maryland. 

George (2) Konig. son of the immigrant, married CaroHne Forrester, 
and they were the parents of a son, George, the third, of whom see forward. 
Mrs. Konig died September 3, 1892, and her husband survived her but a 
short time, passing away November 20, 1892. 

George (3) Konig, son of George (2) and Carohne (Forrester) Konig, 
was born January 26, 1856, at Northpoint, Baltimore county. All the edu- 
cation which he was able to obtain as a boy he acquired in the public schools 
of Baltimore, his attendance, however, being limited to the short period of 
ten months. It will readily be perceived that he reached young manhood 
with but scanty mental equipment, but. like President Johnson and some 
other distinguished men, he was fortunate enough to marry a woman whose 
advantages in this respect had been greater than his own, and who, in this, 
as in all other ways, proved herself a true helpmate. 

The battle of life began early for Mr. Konig, as he himself admits, 
but in telling the story of his boyish struggles, he adds, with a smile which 
reveals his innate simplicity and irrepressible optimism, "but I've always 
been rugged and healthy and I've won out. My first real hard work was 
with the fishermen, and when I was only six and a half years old I used to 
go out in the boats with them and help pull in the heavy nets, but" — 
with another shrewd, cheerful smile — " it all gave me strength for the years 
to come and prepared me for harder battles". 

In 1864 Mr. Konig worked for a time in the packing-house of Brinkley 
& Reaves, and after a brief return to the fishing boats, was employed in 
other packing-houses. At the age of eleven years he went to work in the 
shipyard of Stephens & Numan, on Fell street, remaining until he was 
eighteen. He then entered the shipyard of Skinner & Booze in the capacity 
of oakum boy and while there learned the trade of ship calker. 

At the age of nineteen he was admitted to the Ship Calkers' Union and 
now came the turning point in his life. Hitherto, although a skilled and 
faithful worker, his aim had been simply to "enjoy" life as he and his com- 
panions understood it. Now, in attending the meetings of the Union, he 
noticed that the officers indulged in none of the follies to which the ma- 
jority of the men were devoted, but were substantial, well-to-do men and 
that their prosperity was the result of their good conduct. It was then that 
he asked himself the momentous question : "George Konig, which are you 
going to be, a leader or a follower ? Are you going to lead or be led ?" He 
made his choice — he decided to be a leader. That he carried out his pur- 
pose, that he succeeded, his fellow citizens can testify to-day. He renounced 
his follies ; he obtained, with the aid of his faithful wife, more education 
than he had hitherto possessed and at the age of twenty-one was elected 
president of the Union by a majority of one vote. The next year he was re- 
elected unanimously. 

Meanwhile, he had continued his work at the shipyard and was em- 
ployed on the first vessel built by Mr. Malster (afterward mayor). At 
the age of twenty-three he left Baltimore and lived for a time in Norfolk 
and Richmond, Virginia, being employed by the George T. Forbes Dredg- 
ing Company. An outbreak of yellow fever caused him to return to Balti- 
more, and after a short service with the Baltimore Chrome Works he re- 
turned to his old trade in the shipyards. At this time he was appointed 
treasurer of the Ship Calkers' Union, a position which he held for years, 
during which time his accounts were never questioned. He then entered the 
service of the Baltimore Pulverizing Company, beginning at the bottom 



596 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

and working his way up to his present position of general manager, adviser 
and superintendent. It is a noteworthy fact that while in his business career 
he has passed on to a position of wealth and prominence, he has never neg- 
lected an opportunity to assist a fellow traveler on life's journey. His life 
has. in large measure, been an exemplification of his belief in the brother- 
hood of man. Kindliness and appreciation of the good traits of others have 
constituted salient features in his career and his life illustrates the saying 
of Emerson, that "one may win friendship by being a friend". 

Mr. Konig was sent as a delegate to the Knights of Labor from Dis- 
trict 41. and was also made a delegate to the Federation of Labor to assist 
in forming the combination of Knights of Labor and other National Unions. 
At this period of his life he served for a time on the police force. From 
the age of twenty-one he took an active part in the politics of the Second 
Ward, where he lived until 1892, when he moved to the First Ward, mainly 
for the purpose of withdrawing from public life, but, to use his own words, 
"Against my own best wishes and judgment, I was forced deeper into 
politics". He was then the owner of several oyster boats and had accumu- 
lated some money which he lost by supporting his father in the political 
ventures in which the latter indulged to the close of his life. 

In 1899 Mr. Konig was first nominated for membership in the City 
Council, but was defeated by a majority of twenty-two. In 1903 he was 
again a candidate and was elected by a majority of eighty-four, all the other 
Democratic candidates being defeated. He served in the First Branch, to 
which he was re-elected in 1905 by a majority of one hundred and seventy- 
six. In 1907 Mr. Konig was elected to the Second Branch of the City Coun- 
cil by a majority of two thousand, six hundred and sixty-nine, and then 
carried the First Ward, his majority being five hundred and ninety-nine. 
In this ward he had previously sustained defeat by a majority of one thou- 
sand, two hundred and twenty-one. He is still serving in the Second 
Branch. 

In 1910 Mr. Konig was nominated by his party to represent them in 
Congress as a member from the Third District, and on November 8 was 
elected by a majority of two hundred and eighty-eight, a victory the more 
remarkable in view of the fact that since 1895 this district had been con- 
tinuously represented by a Republican, with the exception of the short 
period of two years. 

Mr. Konig married, December 7, 1874, Margaret A. Schroeder, and 
the following children were born to them : Caroline, married Walter C. 
Kirby and has two children, Gordon and Walter; Emma, who became the 
wife of Charles Ogle and is the mother of two children, Margaret and 
Elizabeth; George W., born October 17, 1883, married Catherine GroflF, 
Septem.ber 29, 1903, and has one child, Ruth; Margaret A., who is the 
wife of Charles Danforth; Sadie, who married Howard Cole and has one 
daughter, Mildred. Mr. and Mrs. Konig had also two adopted daughters, 
whom they received as their own children and cared for until both were 
married. One of these children was Rose Mulligan, who married Albert 
Gordon, July 30, 1903, and had three children, Albert, Rita and Davies. 
Mrs. Konig, who shares her husband's kindness of heart, in this, as in all 
else, was his sympathizing helper and, like him, she has many friends who 
warmly appreciate her genuine personal worth and lovable disposition. Mr. 
Konig is a man of strong domestic affections and it may be truly said that 
his home is to him "the dearest spot on earth". In his friends he inspires 
not only cordial liking, but a respect for the independence of character which 
has ever been one of his most prominent traits. It was strikingly mani- 






^=1 




HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 597 

fested when, as a young man, determined to gain an education, he disre- 
garded the ridicule of his associates and perseveringly plodded on. It was 
not long before their laughter ceased and they began to regard him as their 
superior, recognizing in him that rare quality of moral courage which never 
fails to command respect. 

Mr. Konig has the peculiar gift of inspiring his followers with an en- 
thusiasm that never wearies nor is mercenary. Especially do the young 
men who enlist their services under him accomplish an incredible amount of 
work out of sheer inclination and because of the influence he exercises over 
them. Add to these qualities a sleepless energy, a perfect system of detail, 
an intensity of purpose that never takes anything for granted, a boldness 
in planning and a rapidity in execution that leaves between the flash and 
the report scarcely the interval of a second, and you have George Konig 
in an almost perfect light. While his career has been exceptional there are 
elements in it which may be useful to others, illustrative as they are of the 
essential principles of a true life. Hard, resolute, persevering industry, de- 
termination to conquer an honorable destiny, purity of purpose, integrity 
of conduct, economy in life, careful appropriation of results, will insure 
measurable success. 

It is difficult to estimate the true value to a community of men of Mr. 
Konig's calibre. The influence of these powerful men is visible in all 
phases of life and the results of their effort are evident alike to potentate 
and laborer. 



JAMES McEVOY 

James McEvoy, of the firm of Willis, Homer & McEvoy, and a leader 
among the younger members of the Baltimore bar. is a representative of 
an Irish family which has been for the last hundred years resident in Balti- 
more and has numbered among its members some of our best and most 
useful citizens. 

The McEvoy family traces its origin from Milesius, King of Spain, 
through the line of his son Heremon. The founder of the family was Colla 
Vais, or Huais, King of Ireland, Anno Domini, 315, and son of Eocha 
Dubhlein, or Doivlen, brother of Fiacha Straivetine, first King of Con- 
naught. The ancient name was Vais, which signifies "Goodness". The 
possessions of the sept were situated in the present counties of Westmeath 
and Queens. The territory of the McEvoys appears to have lain in the 
barony of Stradbally. in the county of Queens. They also possessed a ter- 
ritory in Tefiia, called Ui MacUais, now the barony of Moygoish, in West- 
meath. Some of them have changed the name to McVeagh. 

(I) James McEvoy, grandfather of Mr. McEvoy, was an Irish gentle- 
man who came to Baltimore about 1815, from county Kerry, Ireland. He 
had three children : James, mentioned below ; a daughter who became the 
wife of Jenkins ; and another daughter, Mary, who remained un- 
married. 

(II) James (2) McEvoy, son of James (i) McEvoy, at the age of 
seventeen entered the service of the firm of Alexander Brown & Sons, with 
whom he remained associated until 1887, when he retired. Upon the death 
of George T. Graham, in October, 1890, Mr. McEvoy, being the adminis- 
trator and trustee, took charge of the estate, which consisted of large ware- 
houses. For a long period he was identified with the business and social 
interests of Baltimore, and was a member of the Universitv Club. Mr. 



598 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

McEvoy was an enthusiastic worker and was active almost to the close of 
his life, his death occurring- December 9, 1907. He was survived by his 
wife, Mrs. Nannie (Sowers) McEvoy, and by one son, James, mentioned 
below. Two other children had died in infancy. Throughout his life Mr. 
McEvoy labored earnestly in the interests of progress and improvement. 
Realizing that he should not pass this way again, he made wise use of his 
opportunities and his wealth, conforming his conduct to a high standard so 
that his entire career was in harmony with the history of an honorable 
ancestry. 

(Ill) James (3) McEvoy, son of James (2) and Nannie (Sowers) 
jMcEvoy, was born December 12, 1874, and manifested in childhood the 
usual boyish love of athletics and an outdoor life. With this was combined 
a taste not always found in conjunction with it or developed at so early a 
period of life — a liking for reading. These two predominant inclinations 
have remained with Mr. McEvoy to this day, their results being apparent in 
his robust figure and in his intimate knowledge of the works of famous 
authors. 

Mr. McEvoy's preparatory education was obtained in the private school 
presided over by Eli M. Lamb, and on leaving there, in 1890. he became 
associated with his father in the charge of Graham's warehouses, remaining 
until 1897 and acquiring a thorough knowledge of business which no doubt 
stood him in good stead in after years. That he obtained this experience 
v.-as due to his father's opinion that a thorough knowledge of business was 
as essential for a young man as a university course — an opinion the wisdom 
of which will be disputed by few men in any walk of life. In 1897 Mr. 
]\icEvoy entered the University of Maryland, graduating in 1900 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. The same year he was admitted to the Balti- 
more bar and entered upon the practice of his profession in partnership with 
A. Crawford Smith, the connection being dissolved in 1903. in which year 
;Mr. McEvoy became associated with the firm of Willis & Homer, remain- 
ing until 1907, when he was admitted to partnership. Mr. McEvoy's prac- 
tice is wholly civil, and he is noted for his quick appreciation of the points 
counsel are endeavoring to establish and for his invariable success in get- 
ting at the root of the matter by questions during argument, when, by one 
of these searching and illuminating queries, he will either develop the 
strength of the argument or demonstrate its weakness. He has a broad, 
comprehensive grasp of all matters that come before him, and an unusual 
facility in getting to the bottom of every contention submitted. 

^Ir. McEvoy is a member of the Baltimore Bar Association, the Mary- 
land Historical Society, Kedron Lodge, No. 148, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, Beauseant Commandery, No. 8, Knights Templar, and the 
^.laryland, Baltimore, University and Baltimore Country clubs. He also 
belongs to the Baltimore Royal Arch Masons, U. D., Chapter No. 40, the 
Baltimore Athletic Club, the Merchants' Club, the Sudbrook Park Golf 
Club and the Union League of Maryland. He is a member of Emmanuel 
I'rotestant Episcopal Church. 

Mr. McEvoy married, October 30, 1907, Anna G., daughter of Mrs. 
Laura (Denmead) and the late Lippencott, and they have two chil- 
dren : Anna Lippencott, and James, born December 3, 1909. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. McEvoy are extremely popular in society, the former being a very 
charming hostess. Their attractive home is a social center, the magnificent 
library of five thousand volumes testifying to the literary tastes of the host. 

Mr. McEvoy stands high among his professional brethren, and the repu- 
tation which he has already gained will increase and strengthen with the- 



, HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 599 

lapse of years, based, as it is, upon the solid and enduring foundation of 
natural ability, broad and comprehensive learning and unimpeachable in- 
tegrity. 



JOHN Mcpherson dennis 

Prominent among the progressive business men who are using every 
effort to make Baltimore the leading export city on the Eastern coast, may 
be reckoned John McPherson Dennis. For many years manager of the 
western department of the grain export firm of Tate, Muller & Company, 
he is now president of the firm which succeeded them, the Louis Muller 
Company. 

Mr. Dennis was born in Frederick, Maryland, on the 23rd of February, 
1866; being the son of Colonel George Robertson Dennis, who died August 
22,, 1902, and Fannie McPherson Dennis. His mother, who is now (1912) 
seventy-five years of age, possesses a remarkably strong constitution, which 
Mr. Dennis seems to have inherited, and her recuperative ability from the 
ills of life has been exceptional. Besides John M. Dennis, our subject, she 
has another son, George R. Dennis, prominent in the public affairs of Fred- 
erick county. 

The education received by Mr. Dennis was acquired at Frederick City 
College and at Milton Academy, Baltimore county, Maryland. His early 
life was passed in the country to which he was strongly attached and a 
love for which he still retains, being fond of farming, which is one of his 
special hobbies. In October, 1883, however, he entered the railroad service 
as clerk in the auditor's office of the C. W. & B. Railway in Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Later he became traveling freight agent of the company, in which capacity 
he remained until June, 1890, when he accepted the position of manager of 
the western department of the grain export firm of Tate, Muller & Com- 
pany, of Baltimore, and came to this city. He is a member of a number of 
clubs, among which are the Elkridge Hunt Club, and the Maryland and 
Merchants' clubs. In his political affiliations Mr. Dennis is a member of 
the Democratic party. He is also a member in high standing of the Episo- 
pal church. 

Mr. Dennis was married at Independence, Missouri, on the 6th day of 
June, 1899, to Mary Carr Chiles, by whom he has two children : John M. 
Dennis Jr. and Mary Frances Dennis. He has a delightful home on his 
finely cultivated estate at Sherwood, Maryland, where he indulges to the 
full his pet hobby of farming. 



JOHN KEMP BARTLETT 

Thomas Bartlett, founder of the Maryland branch of the Bartlett 
family, and ancestor of John Kemp Bartlett, was born in Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, in 1635; died 1711. He was a convert to the doctrines of George 
Fox and William Penn, and in 1692 came with his family to America and 
settled in Talbot county, Maryland, near Easton, then Talbot Court House, 
on a tract of twelve hundred acres, "Ratcliffe Manor". A portion of this 
estate, known since early in 1700 as "Bloomfield", remained in the Bart- 
lett family (the direct line of J. Kemp Bartlett) for seven generations. The 
house built there by Thomas Bartlett, of bricks said to have been brought 
from England, is still standing. Thomas Bartlett married Mary Goodchild, 



6oo HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

also of Yorkshire. Their children, all born in England, were : Thomas, 
John. James, Mary and Esther. 

(II) John Bartlett, born 1675, died 1748; married Mary, daughter of 
Richard Townsend, who came to Pennsylvania with William Penn on the 
ship "Welcome", in 1682. 

(III) Joseph Bartlett, born 1707, died 1772; married Martha, daughter 
of Abraham Alilton and granddaughter of Philip Everett, of Kent county. 

(lA') John Bartlett born 1742. died 1783; married Susanna, daughter 
of Richard Thatcher, of Pennsylvania ; great-granddaughter of William 
Howell, of Haverford, Pennsylvania. 

(A') Robert Bartlett, born 1782, died 1832; married Sarah, daughter 
of James Fairbanks and a descendant of Richard Johns (1649-1717) of 
Calvert county, Maryland, and of the Paschall, Lloyd and other colonial 
families of Pennsylvania. 

{YD John Bartlett, born 1805, died 1852; married Sarah Pascall, 
daughter of John Kemp, the fourth in lineal descent to bear the name ; the 
founder of the Kemps of Talbot county, being Robert Kemp (1650-1702), 
resident in Talbot county prior to 1664. and who married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Edmund Webb, of Talbot county. 

(VII) John Kemp Bartlett, born 1832, in New York City, died 1899 in 
Baltimore; married October 12, 1858, Virginia, daughter of Ezekial and 
Sarah Gordon (Millechamps) Cowgill, the former from 1823 to 1830 State 
Treasurer of Delaware. The children of John Kemp and Virginia (Cow- 
gill) Bartlett are: John, died in infancy; John Kemp (2), mentioned be- 
low; Horace, died in infancy; Helen Conkling, and Howard, born 1869. 

Through the Kemp family line Mr. Bartlett is a descendant of Col. 
Wm. Stevens (1630-1687), of Dorchester county. Councillor and Deputy 
Lieutenant of the Province of Maryland, and for twenty-two years a Judge 
of the county courts. Hugh Kinsey, who came to Anne Arundel county 
from Virginia in 1659; William Troth of Talbot county (emg. 1669); 
Thomas Ball ( , 1722), of Talbot county (lieutenant provincial mili- 
tia), are other Maryland colonial ancestors through this line. 

In Virginia, through the maternal line, Mr. Bartlett has also lineal 
descent from Lieutenant-Colonel William Andrews, a commissioner for 
Northampton county, and justice from 1633 until his death in 1655 ' from 
Major William Andrews (2), a member of the house of burgesses for 
Northampton, a commissioner, etc. ; from John Parker, "of Mattapony" 
(emg. 1660) ; from Colonel Obedience Robbins, commissioner, etc., 1632- 
1662, and from other of the early settlers and founders of Northampton 
and Accomac counties. A later Virginian ancestor. Captain John Pettigrew 
(great (3) grandson of Lieutenant-Colonel William Andrews), served with 
distinction throughout the Revolution. In Pennsylvania Rees Jones (Rees 
John William from Merionethshire) and other of the early settlers (1684) 
of the Welsh tract are ancestors of Mr. Bartlett. 

John Kemp Bartlett, senior member of the law firm of Bartlett, Poe, 
Claggett & Bland, and first vice-president of the United States Fidelity & 
Guarantee Company, comes of an old Maryland family, and, though not 
himself a native of this State, he has passed most of his life in Baltimore. 
Mr. Bartlett was born in Leavenworth, Kansas, on August 9, 1863, the son 
of John Kemp Bartlett and Virginia (Cowgill) Bartlett. His father, who 
was proprietor of the Leavemvorth Times (1858 to 1863), removed in the 
fall of 1863 with his family to Philadelphia, and entered into business in the 
Pennsylvania oil fields in Venango and McKean counties, and elsewhere. 
Continuing in this industry, he came to Maryland, residing in Talbot county 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 6oi 

from 1874 to 1876 and in Baltimore from 1876 until his death in 1899. 

At the time of the removal of his father to Baltimore, Mr. Bartlett, the 
subject of this sketch, was a boy of thirteen. He was educated at the 
Friends' School, then situated on Lombard street, Eli M. Lamb, principal, 
and later at the Baltimore City College. In 1880 he attended and was g,"radu- 
ated from Bryant & Stratton's Business College. Mr. Bartlett's first busi- 
ness employment was that of bookkeeper for Wm. B. Norman & Company, 
auctioneers. In 1882, at the age of nineteen, he went into business with 
Mr. Samuel H. Shriver, establishing the firm of Shriver, Bartlett & Com- 
pany, a mercantile, law and collection agency. Mr. Shriver retired from 
the business two months after its birth, the firm name remaining unchanged. 
While continuing a successful collection business, Mr. Bartlett entered the 
Law School of the University of Maryland, and in 1898 received there the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. He speedily built up for himself an enviable 
reputation in the practice of law, for a time also continuing his connection 
with the firm of Shriver, Bartlett & Company. 

In January, 1910, Mr. Bartlett, at this time recognized as one of the 
ablest lawyers in Baltimore, associated himself with L. B. Keene Claggett 
and R. Howard Bland, under the firm name of Bartlett, Claggett & Bland. 
On October i, 191 1, by the admission of Edgar Allan Foe, the retired City 
Solicitor, the style became Bartlett, Foe, Claggett & Bland ; the firm is now 
one of the largest law firms in the city. Mr. Bartlett's practice is in the 
Court of Appeals of Maryland, the Supreme Court of the United States, 
the courts of the City of Baltimore, and elsewhere. In addition to his pro- 
fessional ability, Mr. Bartlett possesses business talents of a high order, 
and that these talents have met with recognition and inspired confidence is 
evidenced by the fact of his connection for many years with the United 
States Fidelity and Guarantee Company, not only as its attorney, but as a 
director and as first vice-president. Of this company, one of the largest 
concerns of its kind in the United States, a full account is given in the 
sketch of its president, John R. Bland, which appears with portrait on 
another page of this work. Mr. Bartlett holds the same offices in several 
other well-known financial and manufacturing corporations doing business 
in the city of Baltimore. 

In politics Mr. Bartlett is a Republican. Though often urged by his 
friends to stand for ofifice, he has steadily refused. In the gubernatorial 
campaign of 191 1, however, he served as chairman of the Republican State 
Advisory Committee of One Hundred. In February, 191 2. he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Goldsborough to the position of judge advocate gen- 
eral on the Governor's staff. Mr. Bartlett is a member of the Maryland and 
the Baltimore Country clubs, the Maryland Historical Society, the Balti- 
more Athletic and the Baltimore Yacht clubs. His religious affiliation is 
with the Society of Friends, as has been that of his forbears in the Bart- 
lett line, in the Kemp, and in several collateral family lines, for a period of 
over two hundred years. 

Mr. Bartlett married, April 4, 1888, Mary Garrett, daughter of the 
Hon. Robert B. Dixon, of Talbot county, and S. Amanda (/Vmoss) Dixon, 
a descendant of William Amoss of Harford county. Mr. and Mrs. Bartlett 
are the parents of six children: Robert Dixon, born February 19, 1889; 
John Kemp, born November 2, 1890; Virginia; Mary Garrett; Francis Gil- 
pin, born October 9, 1898, and James Dixon, born January 11, 1904. 



6o2 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 



JAMES P. CAULFIELD 

James P. Caulfield is one of those citizens of foreign birth who have 
brought unusual credit to the city of Baltimore. An Englishman born, he 
has been a resident of this place for the last thirty years, and has contributed 
to its commercial prosperity through his musical and inventive genius, and 
the success which has attended his business ventures in these lines. As 
senior member of the firm of The J. P. Caulfield Company, he has introduced 
to the musical world a device of his own invention, the Vichord, which is 
the first automatic player that has been put inside a grand piano. It is a 
wide departure in the way of construction from all other inventions of this 
character, and is a revolution in player manufacture. Invented by a Balti- 
morean and made in Baltimore, it has, like many other products of the 
Monumental City, won distinction and taken its place among the best instru- 
ments of its kind. 

Mr. Caulfield has been interested in music all his life, making it his 
business as well as his pleasure, his father having been in the piano business 
before him. He was born on the 20th of November, 1861, at Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, England, the son of Thomas Caulfield, who died in 1902, and 
his wife, Sarah Ellerker Caulfield. Passing his early years in the city of his 
birth, he attended school in Dumfries, Scotland, and began his work in the 
world in his father's piano business. In the year 1878 he made a preliminary 
visit to the United States, coming over finally to make this country his 
residence in the year 1881. He started at once in the piano business, first 
in connection with other parties, but beginning independently in iqoi. Be- 
coming interested in automatic players for pianos, his attention was called 
to many defects in the instruments then on the market, and he began work- 
ing on a design of his own calculated to do away with many of these faults 
of construction. For five or six years he worked steadily at his invention, 
and finally succeeded in producing the most perfect device of its kind that 
has ever appeared. 

In the year 1910 he organized and incorporated a concern known as 
The J. P. Caulfield Piano Company, with a capitalization of $100,000, for the 
manufacture of automatic pianos and auto-pneumatic actions for musical in- 
struments ; the company to be chiefly concerned at first with the manufacture 
of this invention of his, the Vichord player-action. The office and sales- 
rooms of the company are in the Professional Building, No. 332 North 
Charles street ; the factory being at Hillen and Exeter streets. 

The Vichord is the largest player ever made, exceeding all others in 
dimensions and capacity, ample space for which, however, may be found in 
every modern piano. Its invention makes it possible to convert any ordi- 
nary upright or grand piano into a self-player, without changing its original 
case or action, or lessening its usefulness for manual playing. It is con- 
structed along original lines, and conforms to the shape of the piano, utiliz- 
ing space not available for any other type of player, and can be made to 
fit the smallest piano manufactured without in any way injuring the piano. 
There are a number of merits in this device which similar devices lack ; it 
is the only player action that can be installed in the ordinary upright or 
-grand piano without changing the instrument in any way. Every part is 
easily accessible, even to those not skilled in pianos or player construction. 
Its parts are adjustable so that with very little regulation the highest possi- 
ble efficiency can be obtained at all times, and it is the only player that will 
•wear as long as a good piano. It is self-cleaning. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 603 

The originality of the construction of the Vichord and its human-like 
touch have commanded the attention of musicians and called forth praise 
from musical critics and player experts in various sections of the country ; 
and many letters have been received from dealers in England, Canada, and 
this country, asking" for information in regard to the device. The Vichord 
is the nearest approach to the human touch, its pneumatic fingers being as 
sensitive to the varying air pressures as are the keys of the piano to the 
touch of the musician ; and owing to this unusual responsiveness its sound is 
less mechanical than that of any other player. It is a generally accepted 
fact that the player will be the predominant feature of the future piano 
business ; and there is no reason to doubt that this player in particular, by 
reason of its adaptability to any style of piano now in use, will have a tre- 
mendous field for profit. The grand piano, especially, equipped with the 
Vichord action, attains that superiority as a player which it has so long 
maintained as a piano. In May, 1909, the first mention of the Vichord 
appeared in the trade press. The Music Trades and The Music Trades 
Rez'iew publishing illustrations of the first player grand. 

The Pease Piano Company is the first firm of pianoforte makers in New 
York City to place the Vichord in its grand pianos, and the result of their 
work attracted a great deal of interest not only in the trade, but among 
musicians as well ; and we are proud to feel that this pneumatic player, built 
on well-established principles, and yet placed within the instrument by a 
Napoleonic stroke of utilizing space never used before for player purposes, 
and by totally disregarding all precedents in regard to the construction of 
the player itself and the placing of the parts, was invented by a Baltimore 
man. The Vichord player actions were exhibited at the Fifth Regiment 
Armory during the Industrial and Pure Food Exposition, from September 
18 to October 7, 1910, and attracted a great deal of favorable attention and 
much commendation. 

The inventor himself has grown to be a man of great influence in busi- 
ness circles, possessing a weight of character, intensity of purpose, and keen 
discrimination that make him a strong factor among his colleagues and asso- 
ciates. Having a well-balanced nature, he has always had sufficient courage 
to venture where there is favorable opportunity, and his judgment and even- 
paced energy generally carry him forward to the goal of success. He is a 
man of serious aims, shrewd in commercial life, broad in his views, enter- 
taining in society, conscious of the dignity of life ; and these traits which so 
shine in his character have won for him a universal esteem. He is a man 
of domestic tastes, not a club man ; though he is a member of the Knights 
of Columbus, being a strong Roman Catholic in his religious convictions. 
His time is fully occupied with his home and business ; and in every relation 
of life he has proved himself upright, honorable and unselfish, advocating 
progressive interests with a ready recognition of his duties and obligations 
to his fellows. 

Mr. Caulfield is a man of family, having married Margaret Boyle, 
of Richmond, Virginia, and having five children : Francis X., James A., 
Margaret, Mary, and Clarence. He thoroughly enjoys his home life, and 
takes great pleasure in the society of his family and friends ; while his cour- 
tesy and affability have gained for him the warm regard of all who know 
him personally. In the minor offices of life he is a man of deep and broad 
sympathies ; of a kindly humor, nimble wit, and ready understanding. This 
kindliness and appreciation of the good traits of others have been salient 
features in his career, and he has exemplified under all conditions his belief 
in the brotherhood of man ; reaching down a helping hand to any whose fate 



6o4 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

or environment has been less fortunate than his own, and never neglecting' 
the opportunity to assist a fellow traveler on the journey of life. 



WILLIAM GISRIEL 

The United States has no better citizens than those who come to her 
from the Fatherland. Honest, industrious, and full of civic pride, they 
strengthen the best interests of every community in which they are found. 
Of those whom Baltimore has had the good fortune to possess none has 
presented a more perfect type of the business man, the citizen and the 
philanthropist than does William Gisriel, of the well-known firm of Gisriel 
& Son, brass founders. Mr. Gisriel has been, for half a century, thoroughly 
and conspicuously identified with the development and advancement of his 
native city. 

Frederick Gisriel, father of William Gisriel, was born in 1826 in Al- 
sace-Lorraine, and in 1840 immigrated to the United States, settling in 
Albany, New York, whence, after a short time, he removed to Baltimore, 
which was his home during the remainder of his life. His trade was that 
of a baker, and soon after coming to our city he established himself in busi- 
ness at the corner of Greenmount avenue and Eager street, where he built 
up a successful trade and acquired considerable property. He married Ro- 
sina , a native of Germany, and their children were : William, men- 
tioned below; Sophia; Jennie; and John. Mr. Gisriel died in 1868. He 
was a man of limited education, but industrious, economical and of sterling 
integrity. His widow survived him many years, passing away in 1894. 

William, son of Frederick and Rosina Gisriel, was born March 29, 
1853, in Baltimore, and attended the public schools of his native city, at the 
same time receiving at home a good training in habits of industry. At the 
age of twelve he left school and began work, and upon the death of his 
father was entered as an apprentice in Henry McShane's brass foundry, to 
learn the trade of brass molder. Here, at the very outset of his career, he 
exhibited that untiring industry and conscientious devotion to duty which 
have ever since been, one might say, his predominant characteristics. The 
early awakening of his ambition is illustrated by the fact that, while still 
an apprentice, he was accustomed to tell his fellow workmen, much older 
than himself, that the time would come when he would give them all em- 
ployment — a prediction which has been literally fulfilled. His energy and 
perseverance, reinforced by natural ability, caused him to advance both 
steadily and rapidly, and he is now at the head of an establishment acknowl- 
edged to be the best and strongest of its kind in the city. His course has 
been marked by unfaltering enterprise and a spirit of justice, and never has 
he regarded his employees merely as parts of a great machine, but has recog- 
nized their individuality and made it a rule that faithful and efficient service 
should be promptly rewarded with promotion as opportunity offered. As a 
young man he worked at Davis & Watts' foundry, having charge of the 
department where all the appliances for the Bell telephone were first manu- 
factured, and a short time after the firm closed their foundry Mr. Gisriel 
took the plant and went into business for himself. He is now the oldest 
individual brass founder in the business in Baltimore. 

Mr. Gisriel has public spirit and that rapidity of judgment which en- 
ables him, in the midst of incessant business activity, to give to the afifairs 
of the community effort and counsel of genuine value. He rendered notable 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 605 

service in the improvement of Jones Falls, the making of a proper civic 
center, and the introduction of natural gas into the city of Baltimore. Since 
1873 he has been president of the Maryland Brass Metal Works, and in 
1908 was elected president of the Winks Railroad Safety Appliance Com- 
pany. He is a director in the First National Bank, New Freedom, Penn- 
sylvania. In politics he was at one time a Democrat, but became on account 
of the tariff and the liquor questions an Independent with Prohibition 
proclivities. His strong stand upon the prohibition of the liquor traffic has 
led to his nomination by the Prohibitionists for the city council, for mayor, 
for judge of the orphans' court, for legislator, for congress, and in 1904 
for governor. He is president of the Brass Founders' Association, of Bal- 
timore, and trustee for Asbury College, Wilmore, Kentucky, and Taylor 
University, Upland, Indiana. He is trustee for the Pennington School for 
Boys, Pennington, New Jersey. 

Mr. Gisriel and all his family are members of the Madison Square 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he holds the office of trustee. In 
1885 he was made president of the Summit Grove Camp Meeting Associa- 
tion of Pennsylvania, and he also belongs to the Methodist Union and the 
Presbyterian Union, an entire freedom from sectarianism being one of the 
marked features of his character. He has co-operated in all the great evan- 
gelistic meetings held in Baltimore during the last twenty years, and was 
instrumental in bringing the National Holiness Convention, with Bible Con- 
ference, and other similar meetings, to our city. He actively aided in or- 
ganizing and managing the evangelistic meetings held here during the Gen- 
eral Conference of May, 1908, and was one of the managers of the Lay- 
men's Missionary Convention held in November, 1909. Believing thoroughly 
and heartily in the principles of Christianity, he represents the very best 
type of American business man. His countenance is expressive both of the 
determination which overcomes obstacles and of that kindliness of disposi- 
tion which caused him to say : "Do not turn down every friend who may 
appeal for help. You may miss a chance of doing great good." To young 
men starting in life he says: "Be industrious, honest, charitable and hos- 
pitable, stand firmly on the side of right and guard against selfishness." 

Mr. Gisriel is a member of the Merchants' and Manufacturers" Asso- 
ciation and the Old Town Merchants' and Manufacturers" Association. He 
affiliates with Phoenix Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and on May 10, 
1903, was elected a life member of Maryland Commandery, No. i, Knights 
Templar, which claims to be the oldest commandery in the United States. 
He is a thirty-second degree Mason, and is a member of Boumi Temple of 
the Mystic Shrine. He is also a member of the City Club. Mr. Gisriel 
has been instrumental in starting at least a dozen small industries by build- 
ing small manufacturing plants, making the rent low enough to enable the 
young men beginning their careers to get a fair start, and at the present 
time Mr. Gisriel has seven small manufacturing industries occupying these 
small manufacturing establishments. 

Mr. Gisriel married, April 27, 1872, Martha Washington, daughter of 
John D. and Priscilla (Parks) Cornelius, both of whom were natives of 
Baltimore county. Mr. and Mrs. Gisriel became the parents of ten children, 
two of whom are deceased: Mary, who died in 1873, and Beulah, who 
died in 1893. Those living are: Lilly; William and Walter, both engaged 
in business with their father ; Emma, wife of James Fairbanks ; Cora ; Ed- 
ward, a minister and micmber of the Baltimore Conference ; Stewart, pro- 
fessor at Pennington School for Boys ; Joshua Levering. 

His native city is proud of Mr. Gisriel, not only as a fine type of the 



6o6 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

progressive business man, but as one who has caused his prosperity to min- 
ister to the welfare of those less fortunate, who has been actuated by a 
spirit of true benevolence, and who has, in all things, ever shown himself 
to be "one who loves his fellowmen." 



JOHN JAMES HAINES 

The ancestry of Mr. Haines, beyond that of his father, has been lost 
to view to a great extent, the only exception being the facts that his grand- 
father had two children, was a farmer in West Virginia, and in religious 
belief was a member of the Methodist church. In politics he was a 
Democrat. 

The father of Mr. Haines was Henry Haines, who was also a farmer, 
and his mother was Evaline Miller. The father was a Democrat in poli- 
tics, while his religious belief was that of the Presbyterian church. 

John James Haines, in whom we are particularly interested, was born 
in Hampshire county. Virginia, February 25, 1837. His education was re- 
ceived entirely in the public schools of Virginia, so he is purely an American 
product. In his business life Mr. Haines has been very sucucessful ; in 
fact, his career has been successful to a greater degree than he had ever 
dreamed. While many other men desire success, and fail to reach their 
ideals, Mr. Haines has reached the goal; but, while wealth has come to 
him, it has only come as the result of persevering industry and integrity 
of purpose and conduct. He first started in business in 1866, in a country 
store in Upperville, Virginia. In 1874 he went to Baltimore and started 
in the woodenware business, in which he continued until 1900, when he 
turned over the business to his son, Harvey L. Haines, and to his son-in- 
law, Casper T. Marston. He still goes to the office, however, and assists 
when necessary. 

As may be seen, Mr. Haines started at the bottom of the ladder, and 
it has only been through his strict economy and careful attention to the 
smallest details that he has reached the place which he now occupies. He 
overcame obstacles which to many others might have appeared well-nigh 
insurmountable, and in every way made himself a worthy example to young 
men everywhere who wish to succeed, and who have a determination to 
know no defeat so far as it depends on themselves and their methods of 
doing business. 

From the fact that Mr. Haines has so easily turned over a successful 
business to others, instead of wishing to accumulate money as long as pos- 
sible, it is easy to understand that, while he has so steadily prospered, in 
the greatness of his heart he has always realized that wealth is only lent 
us to use for the benefit of our fellow creatures, and he has delighted in 
all forms of benevolence, and in helping to further every object for the 
betterment of mankind. The city of Baltimore is justly proud of him as 
a business man, for he is one of the merchants who have been instrumental 
in enlarging the trade and commerce of that city, while his sterling in- 
tegrity and honesty in business matters have helped to lift the city up to 
the high standard which it now holds. There are, unfortunately, too few 
business men who hold his high ideals, and one can only wish that his 
example may lead others to see the benefits gained in the end by doing 
business on a fair and square basis. His aims are of rather a serious nature, 
as befitting a man having the interests of his fellowmen at heart. 



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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 607 

In politics Mr. Haines is a Democrat. He has had very Httle leaning- 
toward public life, confining himself almost entirely to his private business, 
and with the simple aim politically of being able to vote in common with 
his fellow citizens. Besides this, he thoroughly enjoys his home, and loves 
to spend much of his time with his family. He has thought more of win- 
ning the confidence and respect of those who learned to value his upright 
deportment and sincerity ; so that, after all, his life has perhaps been of 
more value to the community in which he lives than that of many men in 
public office whose names are not held in as high esteem. Then, again, he 
can breathe freely when he reflects that he has made none sufifer unwillingly 
in his efforts to achieve success, since he has always scorned to profit by 
taking an unfair advantage, or to belittle another for the sake of serving 
his own ends. 

In a social way Mr. Haines, while a man of quiet tastes, is very ap- 
proachable and genial, and has that fine personality and happy manner which 
attract people in spite of themselves and make him much sought after in 
social gatherings. He has a very interesting military record, having seen 
active service in the Civil War. He served four years in the Confederate 
Army as a member of the Second Virginia Infantry, being on one occasion 
wounded in the head. He was also captured in the battle of Winchester, 
and was a prisoner in Fort Delaware, where he was held until three months 
after the close of the war. So he has not only served his community well 
and faithfully, but has done excellent service for his country. Mr. Haines 
and his family are members of the Presbyterian church, their membership 
being held at Relay. 

On January 16, 1867, John James Haines married Elizabeth A. Small, 
near Martinsburg, Berkeley county. West Virginia. She was born at the 
place of their marriage. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Haines are : Har- 
vey Lee. born in Virginia, married Rella Snook ; Minnie Ward, also born 
in Virginia, married Edward B. Gregg ; Imogene Small, born in Baltimore, 
married Casper T. Marston. All of their children were educated in the 
public schools of Baltimore. 

The father of Mrs. Haines was Adam Small, born in 1806, in Berkeley 
county, West Virginia, and her mother was Mary Myers, born in 18 12. 
They had five children, as follows : Levi H., Elizabeth A., Margaret V., 
Harvev T. and David H. 



WILLIAM MILNES MALOY 

William Milnes Maloy was born October 12, 1874. He is the son of 
the Rev. William Chambers Maloy, of Queen Anne's county, and Margaret 
(Hopkins) Maloy, of Talbot county, both of whom are descended from 
families that have resided in Maryland for more than two centuries. 

The Rev. William Chambers Maloy was educated at Dickinson College 
and the University of Virginia, at both of which institutions he made a 
remarkable record in the classics. After teaching for several years he en- 
listed in the Confederate army and served throughout the war, first as a 
private and later as chaplain of the Forty-fourth Mississippi Regiment. 
At the close of the war he entered the Methodist ministry, but later became 
a clergyman of the Presbyterian church. For more than fifty years the 
Rev. Mr. Maloy has continued his Greek and Latin studies and has devoted 
several hours each day to the classical authors, of whose writings he has 
collected a valuable and extensive librarv. The Rev. William Chambers 



6o8 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

jNIaloy is a brother of the Rev. James Earle Maloy, who has been a member 
of the Methodist Protestant Conference for more than fifty years. Another 
brother died at Dickinson while preparing for the ministry. Mrs. Mar- 
garet (Hopkins) Maloy is of a family that in two generations has con- 
tributed twelve men to the ministry, including the celebrated pulpit orators, 
Samuel Vinton and Samuel Vinton Blake. 

At the time of the birth of William Milnes Maloy his parents were 
stationed at Blacksburg, Virginia, having been assigned to that charge by 
the Baltimore Conference of which his father was then a member. Mr. 
Maloy was graduated from the Baltimore City College in 1894, and was the 
valedictorian of his class. After leaving college he took up journalism and 
held positions on the staff of The Baltimore Herald and The Washington 
Times. Later he began the study of law, at the same time occupying the 
chair of English and rhetoric in the Polytechnic Institute, and during the 
summer months engaging in reportorial work. He received the degree of 
LL.B. from the University of Maryland in 1899, taking the highest honors 
of his class and winning the faculty prize of $100.00 for the highest grade 
in all branches. He began the active practice of law with the firm of Sams 
& Johnson, composed of the late Judge Conway W. Sams and the Hon. J. 
Hemsley Johnson. 

Mr. Maloy afterward pursued a course in corporation law at the 
Catholic University of America at Washington, D. C., and received the 
degree of LL.M. in 1907. He next completed a course of study, taking as 
his major subject "The Law of Municipal Corporations," with the "Law 
of Monopolies and Combinations'' and "Electrical and Railroad Law" as 
his minor subjects, under that eminent legal educator. Dr. William C. 
Robinson, formerly dean of the Yale Law School, and later dean of the 
Law School of the Catholic University of America. His dissertation on the 
"Validity of Municipal Bonds" was accepted by the faculty of the Catholic 
University and he received the degree of Juris Doctoratus in 1909. 

Mr. Maloy has been active in politics for some years. He was a can- 
didate for the Democratic nomination for the legislature in 1905 with Wil- 
liam B. Rayner, the son of United States Senator Isidor Rayner, as his 
opponent, and lost by only one vote. He was elected to the Legislature 
of 1908 as a delegate from the Eleventh Ward of Baltimore City and served 
as chairman of the house committee on corporations. In this difficult posi- 
tion he served with satisfaction to both capital and labor, and at the close 
of the session was commended by the press and the public. He was defeated 
in the primary election in 1909 ; in 1910 was chosen as secretary of the 
Maryland senate, and took an active part in the campaign of Congressman 
J. Charles Linthicum ; in 191 1 served as chairman of the campaign com- 
mittee of Mayor James H. Preston in both the primary and general elec- 
tions ; and in 1912 was elected to the State Senate from the Third Legis- 
lative District of Baltimore City. While one of the active practitioners of 
the law, Mr. Maloy has found time to devote considerable attention to the 
study of taxation and was a member of the several commissions appointed 
by Governor Crothers to revise the taxation laws of Maryland. He is one 
of the editors of The American Corporation Manual, and compiled the Mary- 
land laws for that publication. He is associated in the practice of law 
with George Moore Brady and T. Howard Embert under the firm name 
of Maloy, Brady & Embert. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 609 



ISAAC HOLMES SHIRK 

Some one has said that the difference between success and failure con- 
sists in the abiHty or non-ability to recognize and take advantage of oppor- 
tunity. Necessary as this ability is for every one, it is especially so for a 
business man, and of this truth no business man in Baltimore seems to be 
more thoroughly convinced than Isaac Holmes Shirk, who has been for 
more than twenty years prominently identified with the real estate interests 
of the Monumental City. Mr. Shirk's success testifies to the fact that his 
conviction is not merely theoretical, but also intensely practical. His at- 
tainment is equalled only by his unimpeachable integrity. On his father's 
side Mr. Shirk is of German descent, the original orthography of the name 
being Scherch. Through his mother he comes of English ancestry. 

The founder of the American branch of the family immigrated from 
Germany about 1700 and settled in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. At a 
later period some of his descendants removed to Maryland, the grandfather 
of Mr. Shirk, Henry Shirk, coming, in 1847, from Hagerstown to Balti- 
more, where he purchased twenty-five acres of land in the northern section 
of the city, in the improvement and development of which he was for years 
an active agent. He gave a parcel of ground two hundred and fifty-five 
by one hundred and eighty-four feet on the west side of St. Paul street, 
between Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth streets, and other bequests aggre- 
gating a value approximately of two hundred thousand dollars, to the 
Woman's College of Baltimore, and he also aided in the erection of the 
First Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Isaac Shirk, father of Isaac Holmes Shirk, was a native of Maryland, 
and was a member of the firm of Medairy & Shirk, stationers, on Howard 
street, Baltimore. He was also associated with his father in the real estate 
business, becoming a noted financier and capitalist. 

Isaac Shirk married Catharine I. Orrick, like himself, a native of Mary- 
land, and they were the parents of the following children : Henry, men- 
tioned below ; Isaac Holmes, also mentioned below ; Catharine ; Magdalene. 
The daughters are now deceased. Isaac Shirk, the father, reached a very 
advanced age, and at eighty-five was the youngest of six children, all of 
whom were then living. 

Henry Shirk, elder son of Isaac and Catharine I. (Orrick) Shirk, was 
born July 11, 1856, in Baltimore, and attended the public schools and the 
City College, graduating from the latter institution with the class of 1873, 
and taking the Peabody prize. He then entered the sophomore class of 
Dickinson College, graduating in 1876. Two years later he graduated 
from the law department of the University of Maryland, and after some 
years spent in further study in the offices of Amos F. Musselmann and W. 
Burns Trudle, established himself in 1885 in the general practice of his 
profession. Mr. Shirk is a member of the Civil Service Association, the 
Reform League and the Twenty-second Ward Republican Club. He is a 
member of the First Methodist Episcopal Church and one of the board of 
stewards, also a member of the advisory board of the Twenty-fourth Street 
Methodist Episcopal Church Mission. 

Isaac Holmes, second son of Isaac and Catharine I. (Orrick) Shirk, 
was born February 21, 1858, in Baltimore, and received his education in 
the public schools and the City College. After completing his studies he 
spent fifteen years in mercantile pursuits, gaining much valuable experience 
and laying the foundation for his signal success in another line of endeavor. 



6io HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

In 1887 he embarked in the real estate and financial brokerage business and 
speedily proved that this was the sphere for which his talents peculiarly- 
fitted him. He thoroughly understands men and the ways of men, is quick 
to perceive an emergency and equally quick in devising a plan to meet it. 
His many estimable qualities of head and heart have drawn around him a 
large and influential circle of friends and acquaintances whose best wishes 
in his enterprises he has always had, and while, in his business career, he 
has passed on to a position of prominence, he has never neglected an oppor- 
tunity to assist a fellow-traveler on life's journey. 

Mr. Shirk is a member of the National Real Estate Association, which 
he represented in the World's Congress Auxiliary at the World's Fair in 
Chicago. He possesses social gifts, his conversation being both entertain- 
ing and instructive, while his genial personality renders him attractive to 
all who are brought into contact with him. Withal, he is a public-spirited 
citizen, always willing to lend his aid to any project having for its end 
the advancement of the welfare and prosperity of Baltimore, and having 
done much for the development of her possibilities in the sphere of real 
estate. 

Mr. Shirk is a broad-minded man who has thoroughly learned life's 
lessons and throughout his career has illustrated the fact of the Emersonian 
philosophy that one may win friendship by being a friend. His success 
has been the result not only of the ability to recognize and take advantage 
of opportunity, but also of his determination to do in the best manner what- 
ever he undertook, of taking for his motto, "Excelsior". This it is which 
more, perhaps, than any other one thing, has made him the prosperous 
business man and respected citizen whom Baltimore is proud to number 
among her representative men. 



JACKSON HOLLAND 

Baltimore justly receives the admiring commendation of every visitor, 
not only for her natural beauties, which are manifold, but more especially 
perhaps for her tasteful architecture — the work of man. Municipal build- 
ings, business blocks, churches and residences, constructed of the best of 
enduring materials and in varied architectural styles, everywhere show evi- 
dences of cultivated taste, artistic skill and expert building. Luxurious 
surroundings and palatial adornments, suggested by artistic temperaments 
and cultivated minds, and made possible by the enormous wealth of many 
of her citizens, enhance the architectural beauty and grandeur of Balti- 
more's structures until the Monumental City has achieved a widespread 
reputation of which the inhabitants may well be proud. 

In this connection may be mentioned the late Jackson Hol- 
land, whose enviable reputation as an architect was as well-known as that 
of any man in the east. Mr. Holland was born in Somerset county, Mary- 
land, 1832, and was a descendant of the well-known Holland family which 
traces its lineage back to the days of King John of England. The first 
Holland of note in this country settled in Anne Arundel county, Maryland, 
1660, and from him sprang the numerous branches of Hollands now in 
the state. 

Mr. Holland came to Baltimore in his youth. Coming into possession 
of considerable capital, he embarked in business, and was successful from 
the beginning. He erected several buildings in Baltimore, among which 
were the present postoffice building, and the American building, which was 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 6ii 

destroyed by fire. He was also interested in street railway transportation, 
and for many years was a director of the old Baltimore City Passenger 
Railway Company. In 1893 Mr. Holland took up his residence in New 
York, where he pursued his profession as contractor and builder for five 
years, at the expiration of which time he returned to Baltimore and again 
resumed his building operations. For a number of years prior to his re- 
moval to New York, he performed considerable work for the Baltimore & 
Ohio Railroad. He was well and favorably known in building circles, was 
upright and honorable in all his transactions, and by his courtesy and kind- 
ness of disposition won and retained a large circle of friends who estimated 
him at his true worth. His political allegiance was given to the Republican 
party, but he never sought or held public office, preferring to devote his 
entire time to his home and business. He was a member of the Masonic 
order, in which he took an active interest. 

Mr. Holland was married twice. The name of his first wife was Mary 
Catharine Skinner. She bore him two children, a son and a daughter, who 
died some years ago, leaving children who are residents of New York and 
Western cities. His second marriage with Frieda Johanne Mueller took 
place at Bishopstead, Wilmington, Delaware, the ceremony being performed 
by the late Bishop Leighton Coleman. Mr. Holland died October 13, 1908. 
Services were conducted by the rector of Mt. Calvary Protestant Episcopal 
Church, assisted by the rector of Christ Protestant Episcopal Church, and 
the burial was in Greenmount Cemetery. 



JESSE ANDREW DAVIS '' ""^ ' ; .,,. | 

Jesse Andrew Davis, second vice-president of R. C. Hoffman & Com- 
pany, Incorporated, and known in all circles of mechanical engineering, 
traces the origin of his family to Wales. In that country the name was 
originally used as a family name in its Biblical form, which gradually be- 
came changed to Davies or Daves, and when it passed across the border 
into England it was changed in the majority of cases to Davis, its present 
form in this country also. There are many of the name to be found at the 
present day in England. Scotland, Ireland, Wales and America, but all have 
had this common origin. Mr. Davis is an alert and enterprising business 
man, but he does not believe in the concentration of effort on business affairs 
to the entire exclusion of outside interests, and he has a just appreciation 
of the social amenities of private life. 

Andrew Jackson Davis, father of Jesse Andrew Davis, was a man of 
strong character, prompt action and a decided determination. For many 
years he served as assistant superintendent of steamboat service of the Erie 
Railroad at the Weehawken terminal in New Jersey. He married Amanda 
Woodhull Houston. 

Jesse Andrew Davis was born in South Amboy, New Jersey, Decem- 
ber 6, 1870. His early education was acquired in the public schools of his 
native village and under private tuition, and he then entered Hoboken High 
School. He was fourteen years of age when he accepted the position of 
office boy with the American Lead Pencil Company, at Hoboken, New Jer- 
sey, and, by means of continuing his studies under private tuition in his 
spare time and attending the New York Evening High School, he was en- 
abled to pass the entrance examination to Stevens Institute at the age of 
sixteen years, having the same standing as boys who had continued their 



6i2 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

studies without the encroachment of a business occupation. The deter- 
mined character of the youth was shown in this admirable standing, as 
were many of the other excellent traits which were his by inheritance. As 
a student at the Stevens Institute of Hoboken he was always among the 
foremost in his studies and was graduated from this institution in 1891 as 
a mechanical engineer. Since that time he has been steadily engaged in 
earnest labor and has been devoted to his lifework. His first position after 
his graduation was under the superintendent of motive power for the Bal- 
timore & Ohio Railroad, George B. Hazlehurst, with whom he was engaged 
for a period of two years, reporting to the mechanical engineer of the road 
from the draughting room ; he was then inspector for the engineer of tests 
for two years ; and for three years was engaged in locomotive experimental 
work and inspection of cars which were being built by the Michigan Penin- 
sula Car Company, and inspector of locomotives which were being built 
by the Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. 
He severed his connection with the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company 
in 1897, and spent the next three years in the United States Navy Depart- 
ment as an expert steel inspector. The work of these three years was 
arranged as follows : A part of the time he was detailed to the Midvale 
Steel Company to inspect the machinery forgings for the battleships Kear- 
sarge and Kentucky, which were being manufactured by this company ; 
thence to the inspection of the seamless steel tubes for torpedo boats and 
torpedo boat destroyers, which were being manufactured by the Shelby 
Tube Company ; and, finally, to the Pennsylvania Steel Company and the 
Central Iron and Steel Company, which were manufacturing the material 
for a floating steel drydock to be erected at Algiers, Louisiana. The next 
business connection of Mr. Davis was with the sales department of the 
Pennsylvania Steel Company, Maryland Steel Company, and Central Iron 
and Steel Company, and the outcome of these connections was his present 
position as second vice-president of R. C. Hofifman & Company, Incor- 
porated, who are the southern sales agents of the above-mentioned com- 
panies. The rise of Mr. Davis in his business career can only be attributed 
to his natural sagacity, his executive ability and keen powers of observation. 
In comparing his humble beginning with his present standing in the busi- 
ness world one can but be struck with the commanding force of energetic 
perseverance in the business operations in which he has been engaged. Mr. 
Davis is the same unpretentious, earnest man that he was at the beginning 
of his career, but in the meantime he has abundantly verified the good 
opinions of his many friends. He takes no active part in the political af- 
fairs of his city, but votes consistently with the Republican party. He has 
never lost his early fondness for outdoor forms of amusement, and finds 
great pleasure at the present time in golf and yachting. His fraternal 
affiliations are with the Harrisburg Club, Baltimore Country Club, Balti- 
more Yacht Club, of which ne is at present secretary and treasurer, Balti- 
more Athletic Club, and the Merchants' Club. 

Mr. Davis married, November 4, 1907, Lucy Chilton Kloman, of War- 
renton, Virginia, and they have one daughter. Mrs. Davis is the daughter 
of Edward F. and Agnes Pickett (Helm) Kloman; granddaughter of Eras- 
mus and Virginia (Aisquith) Helm; great-granddaughter of Captain Wil- 
liam and Agnes (Pickett) Helm. All of these ancestors, whether in a 
direct line or by intermarriage, are of distinguished families. Virginia 
r Aisquith) Helm was the daughter of Captain E. A. Aisquith, granddaugh- 
ter of .William E. Aisquith, and is of the same branch of the family as the 
present prime minister of Great Britain. Another ancestor. General George 




^^-'U^. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 613 

Pickett, was at the head of the division which made the historic charge at 
Gettysburg. In the Hehn hne there have been many prominent men, notably 
as statesmen, in the Southern States, among them being Ben Hardin Helm. 
The Chilton line has also furnished a number of statesmen in Virginia, 
Kentucky and Texas. 

Mr. Davis has the happy faculty of attaching men to him by the warm 
ties of friendship, as well as by the excellence of his other virtues of 
character. 



JOHN EDWIN GREINER 

Nothing has contributed more to the increase of commerce and gen- 
eral prosperity than the improvement in transportation facilities, and these 
are based chiefly upon the foundation of civil engineering, a profession the 
value of which cannot be overestimated. It is of a widely known member 
of this honorable profession that this sketch treats. John Edwin Greiner, 
while a comparatively young man, having scarcely passed the fifty mark, 
has achieved a reputation which has made his name known in all quarters 
of the civilized world. At present he is a consulting engineer in Baltimore, 
with offices also in New York and Chicago, and more intricate problems 
are submitted to him than are placed before the average civil engineer of 
many more years. 

The Greiner family immigrated to America in the early part of the 
nineteenth century from Wiirtemburg, in the southern part of Germany, 
and their home for a number of years was in Ohio. John Greiner, father 
of John Edwin Greiner, was a manufacturer and a merchant. He married 
Annie Steck, also of German descent, to whose influence and early teach- 
ings the Mr. Greiner of this sketch ascribes much of the moral worth and 
endurance which have contributed so greatly to the success which he has 
attained. 

John Edwin Greiner, son of John and Annie (Steck) Greiner, was 
born in Wilmington, Delaware, February 24, 1859. His early years were 
spent alternately in the city and country, and he was the recipient of an 
excellent education, and the healthful outdoor sports, in which he was en- 
couraged to indulge himself, assisted him in maintaining the robust con- 
stitution with which he is endowed. He was graduated from the Wilming- 
ton high school in 1877, became a student at Delaware College the same 
year, and was graduated from that institution in 1880 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Sciences. At the same time he applied himself to the study 
of civil engineering and the degree of Civil Engineer was conferred upon 
him. He fully realized that theoretical knowledge was but the preparatory 
stage of what he had determined to make his lifework, and was perfectly 
satisfied to commence at the very bottom of the ladder as a draughtsman 
in the Edgemoor Bridge Works, in Wilmington, Delaware, the year of his 
graduation, in order to gain the necessary practical experience. Four years 
later he had been offered and accepted the position of assistant engineer 
in the Keystone Bridge Works, and from this time his career was merely 
a series of upward steps. 

The following year he had charge of the erection of the Seventh street 
bridge across the Allegheny river at Pittsburgh. In 1886 he formed a con- 
nection with the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company, which continued 
with but a slight interruption until 1908, when he resigned. His first work 
for this company was as draughtsman ; the following year he was advanced 



6i4 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

to the office of inspector; in 1889 he was chief draughtsman; in 1891 as- 
sistant engineer ; 1892-3 he was designing engineer of the Philadelphia 
Bridge Works; in 1894 engineer of bridges for the Baltimore & Ohio Rail- 
road Company ; 1900 engineer of bridges and buildings for the same com- 
pan}- ; 1905 assistant chief engineer, retaining the last office until he resigned 
in order to become a general consulting engineer in Baltimore. According 
to the records kept by The Raikvay Age, Mr. Greiner personally designed 
or had charge of the designing and erection of every bridge constructed 
for the Baltmiore & Ohio road from 1885 until 1908. Among these were 
the Ohio river bridge at Parkersburg; the bridge across the same river at 
Benwood, which is noted for the fact that it has a three hundred and forty- 
five foot span which was erected without false work, a very unusual method 
of procedure ; and the double-track bridge at Havre de Grace, Maryland, 
which was erected at a cost of two millions of dollars. The esteem in which 
Mr. Greiner was held by his associates and co-workers during all these 
years was amply testified to at the time of his resignation, when they pre- 
sented him with a handsome testimonial. 

The time of Mr. Greiner is so thoroughly occupied with active duties 
connected with his profession that he has found very few hours to devote 
to the writing of books, although he is well fitted to do so. He has, how- 
ever, contributed scientific and engineering papers, which have been highly 
appreciated in the circles to which they were addressed, and for the writing 
of one of which he was awarded a gold medal by the American Society of 
Civil Engineers. Lectures which he has delivered at Delaware College and 
Cornell University have been of great benefit to the students of engineering 
subjects. He has patented a number of minor inventions, and in 1895 he 
designed and patented a new type of bridge. Since 1908 Mr. Greiner has 
been consulting engineer for the following corporations : Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad Company ; Erie railroad ; Norfolk & Southern railroad, in con- 
nection with a bridge five miles long across the Albemarle Sound ; Peoria 
& Pekin Union railroad, in connection with a large double-track bridge 
across the Illinois river; and the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio railroad for 
a large number of bridges. He was one of the four expert engineers ap- 
pointed to report upon the strength of the Queensborough bridge, which 
crosses the East river at New York, passing over Blackwell's Island. After 
the disastrous fire of February, 1904, Mr. Greiner was appointed by Mayor 
McLane as a member of the commission entrusted with the examination 
of the large buildings which had been injured, but not destroyed, by the 
fire. This immense piece of work was accomplished with such expedition 
that the commission handed in its report within a month. Later Mr. Greiner 
was appointed by the same mayor as a member of the commission which 
had in charge the revision of the building laws. 

He is a member of many organizations of various kinds, among them 
being the following: Free and Accepted Masons; American Society of 
Civil Engineers ; American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way 
Association ; American Institute of Consulting Engineers ; University Club ; 
Engineers' Club ; Baltimore Country Club ; Engineers' Club of New York, 
and the Maryland Club. In a number of these he has been on important 
committees. He is also a member of the City Wide Congress and on the 
committee of city planning. He was appointed (1912) the engineer mem- 
ber of the State Board of Health by Governor Goldsborough. 

Mr. Greiner married, December 16, 1886, Lily F., daughter of John 
Foster, and Martha Ann (Sowers) Burchell, and their two children are: 
Lillian Burchell and Gladys Houston. The Burchells are of an ancient 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 615 

English family, there being a coat-of-arms in the family granted at the 
time when the name was spelled Birchfield. In 1684 they came to Mary- 
land ; migrated to Virginia in the early part of the eighteenth century, where 
they were engaged as planters and farmers, and owned their estates from 
the time of the first settler. They number among their ancestors many 
distinguished names, among whom are : Judge William Allnutt ; Richard 
Talbot, who settled in Maryland in 1651, was a member of the House of 
Burgesses, and descended from the Talbot family which came into England 
with William the Conqueror ; Major Richard Ewen, who was one of the 
commission appointed by Cromwell to govern Maryland from 1654 to 1657; 
Thomas Meeres, justice of Anne Arundel county, and also a member of the 
Cromwell commission ; Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Thomas, also a member 
of the above-named commission. Catherine Houston, great-grandmother 
to Mrs. Greiner, was related to the famous Sam Houston. 

In spite of the devotion of Mr. Greiner to the profession he has 
made his lifework, he does not believe in ignoring social intercourse, and 
is a welcome guest wherever and whenever he makes his appearance in 
society. His chief indoor recreation is music, of which he has been exceed- 
ingly fond since his earliest years, and his outdoor amusement consists in 
horseback riding and a study of the natural beauties to be met with in his 
lengthy rides. His tastes are quiet ones, and his entire life is one of sim- 
plicity and devoid of affectation. 



VICTOR GUSTAV BLOEDE 

Of all the varied influences that have gone to make this country the 
most prosperous and progressive on the face of the earth, perhaps none is 
so pronounced as the strong German element which has been infused into 
the nation. It is felt as a tremendous force for good wherever men from 
the fatherland have taken up their abode, and especially may we note how 
strongly the influence is discernible in the rapid advancement of Maryland 
and her chief city, Baltimore. There is an earnestness and purposefulness 
about the German people that can be claimed by no other nation on earth ; 
distinguished at once by lofty ideals and a most intense practicality, it is 
their mission to definitely conceive of progress and to carry it into the fullest 
and highest realization. 

Among these men of progress, deep thinkers and hard workers, who 
have come to this country to its betterment, may be mentioned Victor Gustav 
Bloede, the eminent chemist and manufacturer of chemicals, president of 
the Victor G. Bloede Company, which for so many years has taken the lead 
in this city in its special line of industry. As with most persons who have 
attained success, Mr. Bloede has made his way in the world with no other 
capital than his energy and determination, coupled with business foresight 
and ability, and his genuine worth and strict integrity have won the con- 
fidence and high esteem of all with whom he has come in contact. His 
history is that of a strong man who has set himself to succeed in spite of 
all obstacles ; and he has studied and fought and wrought until he stands 
to-day one of the foremost men of the great city of his adoption. 

He was born sixty-three years ago, in the year 1849, i" the city of 
Dresden, Germany, the son of Gustav Bloede, a physician and member of 
the city council of Dresden during the revolution of that year. His mother. 
Marie Franziska Bloede, shared with her husband the lofty patriotism and 



6i6 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

love of liberty that distinguished the family and caused them to make their 
home where these sentiments might best blossom and bear fruit. Coming 
to America, they settled in Brooklyn, New York, and here young Victor 
received the groundwork of his education in the public schools. At the 
age of twelve years he began to assist in his own support, becoming an office 
boy and earning the means to pursue his studies, which were a delight to 
him ; thus while working by day he began to study at the Cooper Institute 
night school in New York City, and made rapid progress. 

His mother was ever his chief inspiration, guiding, encouraging, and 
strengthening his growth, and awakening by her own strong mentality all 
that was dormant in her young son, for the family was one of marked 
culture. Not only had the father distinguished himself by work in the 
natural sciences, but on the mother's side, as well, two uncles had been 
prominent in literature and politics, and her progenitors had been scientific 
rrlfen. So it came about that young Victor early interested himself in natural 
science at Cooper Institute, and was graduated from that division in the 
year 1867, his class being the first in the institute to receive diplomas for 
the scientific course. He had also the inestimable privilege of personal in- 
tercourse and acquaintance with the great philanthropist and founder of- 
the institution, Peter Cooper himself, whose example and teachings were 
strongly influential in the molding of his character and in his lifework. 
Also in the biographies of other great men the young German student 
sought and found inspiration and encouragement, for he was a great reader 
and a thinker always, with a passionate thirst for knowledge. 

He early formulated that creed which he upholds for success in life, 
a concentration of effort in one direction and an indomitable perseverance 
in the pursuit of the end desired. Thus following his personal preference, 
in which he was strongly supported by his wise and cultivated mother, he 
turned his attention to chemistry, securing a position in 1868 in chemical 
works in Brooklyn. Here he began to study the manufacture of chemicals 
and pharmaceutical preparations, developing his remarkable powers of ap- 
plication, clear intelligence, and ability to meet and solve problems con- 
cerned in the handling of matters intrusted to his charge. It was excellent 
training, and he soon proved his worth. In 1877 he established himself 
in Baltimore as a chemist and manufacturer of chemical products ; and with 
his habit of close observation and deep thought he soon decided that there 
was a wide field for improvement in the methods then in use in chemical 
factories. Applying to this improvement all his highly cultivated faculties, 
he made tremendous advances in the business, principally in regard to the 
dyeing of cotton fabrics ; and between the years 1890 and 1895 he was 
granted fifteen or twenty patents upon chemical processes, one of the most 
important being his patent upon the process for dyeing in ''sun-fast", un- 
fading shades. He has also received a number of medals for his various 
useful and economic inventions, which were not all instigated by a desire 
for pecuniary gain, but by an unusual and most public-spirited wish to 
benefit humanity at large, to advance the general health, wealth, and pros- 
perity. It is thus that Mr. Bloede has proved himself a benefactor not only 
to the city of Baltimore, but to the nation, and indeed all the world, through 
the work he has done and the influence he has exercised upon his sur- 
roundings. 

A public-spirited man in every way, and tenderly devoted to the mem- 
ory of his mother, he presented, on the loth of November, 1908, to the 
Hospital for Consumptives of Maryland the new and handsome structure 
erected in the midst of twenty-three acres of park grounds at Towson, 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 617 

Baltimore county, Maryland, dedicated as the "Marie Bloede Memorial 
Hospital for Advanced Consumptives". It was accepted by Dr. Henry Bar- 
ton Jacobs, as president, in the presence of Governor Austin L. Crothers, 
the Right Reverend Bishop Paret, Mayor J. Barry Mahool, and a large 
and distinguished gathering. Mr. Bloede is the author of other and most 
important benefactions, making many improvements in his home town, 
Catonsville, Maryland. He organized the First National Bank of Catons- 
ville, of which he was vice-president for ten years, and then in 1908 made 
president ; he organized and financed the Patapsco Electric Company, 
founded for furnishing electric light and power to Catonsville and the sur- 
rounding country; he projected the Baltimore, Catonsville and Ellicott City 
Electric Railway, and he helped to organize the National City Bank of 
Baltimore, in 1910, and is now one of its directors. 

Mr. Bloede possesses the power of handling large masses of men and 
of co-ordinating their energies so that the best results can be obtained ; in 
his dealings with them he is honest and courteous, yet firm and just, and to 
his executive ability thus manifested a great measure of his success in life 
is due. This ability has brought him into prominence in other business re- 
lations, making him in great demand on various boards of directors, and 
winning for him the high regard of his business associates as well as their 
sincere personal esteem. His devotion to his friends, his probity in his 
commercial relations, and his wonderful influence over his subordinates, 
combine to make him one of the finest business men whom Baltimore has 
ever known. Gertrude Bloede, sister of Mr. Bloede, who is better known 
under her pseudonym, "Stewart Sterne," inherited the literary talents of 
her mother and ranks as one of the poets of the country, although not as 
widely known as some. Her best known and most popular work is the 
blank verse poem "Angelo", which was published with three other volumes 
of blank verse. Another sister was a sculptor, who married the well-known 
American painter, Abbott H. Thayer. 

Mr. Bloede is a conspfcuous member of a number of scientific associa- 
tions, belonging to the International Society of Chemical Industry, the 
American Chemical Society, the Chemists' Club of New York City, and the 
Johns Hopkins Club. He has also contributed ably to scientific literature, 
being the author of the "Reducers' Manual and Practical Metallurgy", a 
text book of recognized worth. In his political convictions Mr. Bloede 
belongs to no party, reserving to himself the privilege of voting for the 
best man wherever found. On the 5th of June, 1883, he was married to 
Elise Schon, daughter of Carl Schon and Marie Franziska Schon, of Toledo, 
Ohio. By this marriage he gained the life companionship of a most charm- 
ing and congenial woman, fitted by native refinement, a bright mind, and a 
thorough education for the social position she occupies, and upon which 
she entered with a gracious enjoyment of its duties. Mr. and Mrs. Bloede 
have five children : Marie, Carl S., Use, Victor G., and Vida Bloede, at 
their charming home in Catonsville. 

Mr. Bloede has always been singularly strong in his personality, alert, 
virile, progressive and far-seeing. He is a strong and robust man, believing 
in physical exercise as in mental, sound in body and mind, and recommend- 
ing to others those methods by which he himself has gained such all around 
success. In fishing, rowing and walking he takes distinct delight, and finds 
a mine of wealth and enjoyment in his mental occupations. In perseverance, 
he believes, is the secret of success, perseverance in a course well mapped 
out and chosen, allowing no obstacle to discourage or defeat. "Never give 
up an undertaking because it is hard and unpromising", he says, "but per- 



6i8 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

sist until you succeed. I have observed that men seldom fail to accomplish 
any task or aim which they have set before them when their motto I's 'Never 
give up trying'. Persistency is the great single element in success. Have 
a purpose in life, seek associates among those to whom you can look up, 
observe men and women of strong character." And so by his life-long 
effort and achievement, he has set himself among those to whom the citizens 
of Baltimore, young and old, may well look up, observing him and follow- 
ing in his footsteps as a man of strong character and a leader worthy of 
imitation. 



DR. HUGH HAMPTON YOUNG 

A large part of the important history of our country is frequently lost, 
and the very names of useful men forgotten, for want of a proper chronicler 
to record these valuable biographies, the efforts that were made to advance 
the interests of society and to benefit the human race. These records should 
be carefully preserved, not alone for the satisfaction of those immediately 
related to the subjects of them and their posterity, but for the excellent 
example furnished by them to future generations. Of all professions, that 
of medicine appears to furnish the most numerous and noteworthy ex- 
amples, and the name of Dr. Hugh Hampton Young, of Baltimore, is not 
the least distinguished. Honorable in every relation of life, he commands 
the respect and confidence of all who know him and has attained a world- 
wide reputation. 

His grandfather. General Hugh F. Young, bore a record for brave and 
gallant conduct in the Indian, Mexican and Civil wars. His father. General 
William Hugh Young, took an active part in the Confederate Army, and 
died at San Antonio, Texas, November 28, 1901. He married Frances M. 
Kemper, of Virginia. 

Dr. Young was born in San Antonio, Texas, where his earliest years 
were spent. His preparatory education was acquired at Staunton, Virginia, 
where he early displayed remarkable ability, and was awarded a scholar- 
ship in the University of Virginia. At this institution he also distinguished 
himself, receiving his degree of Master of Arts in 1893, and that of Doctor 
of Medicine in 1894. He was engaged in post-graduate work at the Johns 
Hopkins Hospital and University in 1894-95, and during the summer of 
the latter year was pathologist at Mt. Wilson Sanitarium. From that time 
until 1898 he was the assistant resident surgeon at the Johns Hopkins Hos- 
pital ; was then appointed head of the Department of Urological Surgery, 
a position he still holds (1911). He is assistant professor of urological 
surgery at the Johns Hopkins University and visiting surgeon at the Union 
Protestant Infirmary. In 1900 he made a trip to Europe for the purpose of 
studying at the hospitals of Paris and Berlin, and again went abroad in 
1903, this time working in the hospitals of London and Paris. 

For the past two years he has been president of the State Lunacy Com- 
mission, and he is secretary of the Maryland Hospital for the Negro In- 
sane. In 1909 he was elected president of the American Urological As- 
sociation ; in 1910 president of the American Association of Genito-Urinary 
Surgeons, and in 191 1 president of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of 
Maryland. He is a member of the American Medical Association, the As- 
sociation Internationale d'Urologie, corresponding member of the Deutsche 
Gesellschaft fuer Urologie, and corresponding member of the Societa 
Italiana di Urologia. In spite of the manifold demands made upon him he 




v/)^z-w:>^''''^ '^"^^!^ — -f 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 619 

finds time to contribute to the leading medical publications, and his articles 
are regarded as authoritative. Among these writings may be mentioned 
Studies of Urological Surgery and Hypertrophy and Cancer of the Pros- 
tate, both published in book form and each containing more than six hun- 
dred pages, of supreme value to medical literature. As a surgeon his 
reputation is international. 

Dr. Young gives his political support to the Independent Democratic 
party, but has never exhibited political aspirations, contenting himself with 
the privilege of voting in common with his fellow citizens. He is a man of 
strong and clear convictions which are the result of careful study and in- 
dependent thought. Alert and enterprising, and wielding a wide influence 
in his professional intercourse, he does not believe in the concentration of 
all his strength and thoughts in this one direction, but has a just appreciation 
of the social amenities of life and is a member of the following societies : 
Baltimore, Johns Hopkins, Florestan, Paint and Powder, Baltimore Coun- 
try, Bachelors' Cotillon and Automobile clubs, in all of which he is highly 
•esteemed. 

Dr. Young married, June 4, 1901, Bessy Mason Colston, a woman of 
rare charm of manner and intelligence, who graces charmingly the beautiful 
residence in the suburbs of Baltimore. She is the daughter of Captain 
P'rederick M. and Clara (Campbell) Colston, and granddaughter of Judge 
Archibald Campbell, of the United States Supreme Court, and a member of 
the cabinet of Jefiferson Davis. The children of Dr. and Mrs. Young are : 
Frances Kemper; Frederick Colston, born July 30, 1904; and Helen Hamp- 
ton. Affable and genial in his nature. Dr. Young is an ever welcome guest 
in the highest circles, where he is loved and honored for his many sterling 
qualities of head and heart. Just entering upon the meridian of life, he has 
many years of usefulness still before him, and his future will undoubtedly 
bring him still greater honors and success than the years that have gone 
by. Liberal, charitable and kind to all, his character is a happy combination 
of strength and gentleness, and he has the traits which mark the true 
gentleman and the man or honor. 



ARCHIBALD H. TAYLOR 

(I) Jesse Taylor, the first of Archibald H. Taylor's direct ancestors 
of that name in this country, came to this country from Belfast, Ireland, 
at the beginning of our Revolutionary War, because of his sympathy with 
the Colonists in their struggle, whose cause he had openly espoused in the 
old country. He equipped and armed his own ship and sailed for Phila- 
delphia, but was forced into the harbor of Williamsburg, Virginia, by Brit- 
ish cruisers, where his ship was sunk by the ice in the early winter of 1776, 
but not by the enemy, as he always claimed. He brought with him a great 
number of servants and a large family of children. Ultimately he settled at 
Alexandria, Virginia. He was a merchant and capitalist and became a man 
of great influence in his community, being chosen the first president of the 
first common council of Alexandria. 

(II) Robert Johnstone Taylor, son of Jesse Taylor, was born at 
Alexandria. He graduated at Princeton in 1795, being the valedictorian 
and second in his class, and came immediately to the bar in the District ofl 
Columbia, where he became one of the leaders at the bar of the United 
States Supreme Court. His first wife was Maria Rose, of King George 



620 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

county, Virginia, and his second wife was her first cousin, Mary Eliza. 
Berry, both of distinguished famihes in that neighborhood. Colonel Charles 
jMarshall, well known in Baltimore, was a grandson of this first marriage. 

(III) Henry Allen, son of Robert Johnstone and Mary E. (Berry) 
Taylor, was born in the District of Columbia in 1820 and died at his estate 
of Collingwood, Fairfax county, Virginia, in 1856. In early life he was a 
member of the Baltimore bar, but gave up law practice for life on his 
\'irginia plantation. He married Anne Elbertina Van Ness, a daughter of 
General Archibald Henderson, for forty years Commander of the U. S. 
]\Iarine Corps. General Henderson gained great distinction for gallant 
service in the War of 1812, and in several Indian wars, particularly the 
Seminole War in Florida and Alabama, and received votes of thanks and 
decorations from Congress and the State of Virginia a number of times. 

(IV) Archibald Henderson, son of Henry Allen and Anne E. V. 
(Henderson) Taylor, was born in Washington, District of Columbia, July 
6, 185 1. He studied at several preparatory schools in Virginia, including 
the Episcopal High School, and entered the University of Virginia, whence 
he was graduated with the degree of Master of Arts in 1873. He imme- 
diately commenced the study of law with the firm of Marshall & Fisher, 
well-known legal practitioners in Baltimore, where he was admitted to the 
bar. For some years he was in partnership with the late Judge George 
Savage, the firm being Savage & Taylor ; and later became associated with 
E. P. Keech Jr., the firm being Taylor & Keech, and ultimately Taylor, 
Keech, Wright & Lord. This firm was dissolved, however, and Mr. Taylor 
has since been practicing alone. 

For some years Mr. Taylor's practice has been almost exclusively for 
corporations as clients, and has been mainly in the United States Courts. 

Politically he is a man of independent views, but, believing in the 
principles of the Democratic party, is affiliated with that party. He was 
a member of the legislature of 1894. He is much interested in the charity 
work of the city and is a member of the boards of managers of several 
large charitable institutions. He is also a member of various social clubs 
in the city, among them the Maryland, University, and Baltimore Country 
clubs, and the Maryland Historical Society, and several art clubs. He has 
been a life-long student of art and literature. Mr. Taylor married Mary 
jVIartha, daughter of Richard and Martha Thorndike Parker, of Beverly,. 
jVIassachusetts. Mrs. Taylor shares her husband's studies and pursuits, 
being especially devoted to charitable work. 



E. WALTER GILES 

The man who achieves success solely by the well-directed efiforts of 
his own natural abilities and strength of character is a type which has ever 
appealed with peculiar force to the Anglo-Saxon race on both sides of the 
sea. Baltimore, in common with every other great city, owes much to those 
of her business men who belong to this honorable class. 

Conspicuous among them stands E. Walter Giles, widely known, gen- 
erally beloved, and justly honored for his sterling worth, high principle, 
and unswerving integrity. He was first associated with John E. Potter & 
Company, publishers, of Philadelphia, then Scribner's and later, for many" 
years, identified with the Esterbrook Steel Pen Company. 

Mr. Giles, having been the architect of his own fortune, is now enjoy- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 621 

ing in well-earned leisure the results of a long period of successful en- 
deavor. Although withdrawn from the activities of business life, he is still 
in spirit a young man, and keenly and earnestly wide-awake and energeti- 
cally interested in the religious, commercial, political and social life of his 
native city. 

Walter Giles, father of E. Walter Giles, was born February 5, 1800, in 
Plymouth, England, and was a seventh son. He was educated in London, 
traveled on the Continent, and in 1830 came to New York City, thence to 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, having letters of introduction to Levi Wells, a promi- 
nent man of Halifax. 

He soon fell in love with Alice Ann Wells, daughter of Levi and 
Catherine (Wilson) Wells, and in a few months married her. The cere- 
mony was performed at the residence of her uncle, Thomas Wilson, her 
mother's brother, by the Rev. Dr. William Jackson, the apostle and founder 
of the First Methodist Protestant Church of Nova Scotia in Halifax. 
Thomas Wilson was recording steward of Dr. Jackson's church, and also 
organizer of the Volunteer Firemen's Association of Halifax. Mr. and 
Mrs. Giles made their wedding journey back to the States, residing for 
some time in the city of Boston, where their first child was born, Catherine 
Alice Hepsibah. 

In 1834 he came to New York City, where he founded the largest book 
bindery of his time, doing all the binding of the Daniel Appleton Company, 
the publishers, and founders of the present firm of D. Appleton & Com- 
pany. In the great fire which occurred December 16, 1835, devastating the 
business center of New York City, Mr. Giles' plant was destroyed, which 
was a total loss. (The day after the fire his second child was born, 
Georgena Ann.) With undaunted courage, he moved to Philadelphia, and 
there soon after established another bindery, where he executed all the work 
of the Lippincotts. After retiring from business he came to Baltimore. 

Mr. Giles' wife, Alice Ann (Wells) Giles, was born in 1812 in Halifax, 
Nova Scotia. She was the daughter of Levi Wells (mentioned above), son 
of one of three brothers. The pioneers of the Wells family in Nova Scotia 
were all prominent in their day, one of them representing Nova .Scotia in 
parliament. Professor Wells, of Columbia University, is a cousin of Mr. 
Giles, of Baltimore, as is also Robert J. Wilson, A.M., the present head of 
the public school system of Halifax. The Wells family is an old one in 
the Evangeline country. 

Mr. and Mrs. Giles were the parents of the following children: 
Catherine Alice Hepsibah, born in Boston ; Georgena Ann, born in New 
York City ; Thomas Wilson Walter, born in New York City ; Henrietta 
Maria, born in Philadelphia ; Elvina Virginia, born in Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania ; E. Walter, of whom further ; and several younger children. 
Mr. and Mrs. Giles are both deceased, as also their elder children, except 
E. Walter Giles. 

E. Walter, the seventh child of Walter and Alice Ann (Wells) Giles, 
was born in Baltimore, October 2, 1844. He received his early education 
in the public schools of his native city, which he continued by private tuition 
and special study, and has been a constant student through life. He mani- 
fested in boyhood that warm-hearted, generous, genial disposition which 
characterized him throughout his later years, winning for him hosts of 
friends. His personal popularity, as well as his taste and clever aptitude 
for argument, caused him to be elected president of the Exeter Debating 
Association of Baltimore, of which he was the organizer. He held this 
office and was preparing for college, with a view to adopting the profession 



622 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

of medicine, when the outbreak of the Civil War changed the course of 
his hfe. 

Though not yet seventeen, he was intensely patriotic and strongly loyal, 
possessing the courage of his convictions. Alone of all the members of the 
Debating Society, he enlisted in the Federal army, notwithstanding the fact 
that several of his companions joined the Confederate forces. He had be- 
come a member of the First Maryland Regiment, commanded by Colonel 
Kenley. but the influence of his mother, who was naturally opposed to his 
enlistment, effected his discharge. 

He resumed his studies, having connected himself with the Baltimore 
City Guards, enlisting with that body when they went to the front and 
were known as the Tenth Maryland Infantry. He being a color guard of 
Company C, remained in the service until shortly before the assassination 
of President Lincoln, when he received an honorable discharge, thus com- 
pleting a record which will be a source of just pride to his descendants. 

After the close of his period of military service Mr. Giles began his 
business career, associating himself with John E. Potter Publishing Com- 
pany, of Philadelphia. Later he entered the service with Scribner's, and, 
after severing his connection with this house, associated himself with the 
Esterbrook Steel Pen Company, the first successful steel pen makers in the 
L'nited States (of which Mr. Giles was an important factor). For a num- 
ber of years he supervised the traveling department of this firm, making 
many and extended journeys in the discharge of his duties, and in this, as 
in all his other business connections, leading a life of unabating energy and 
unfaltering industry. Since his retirement he has continued his position 
of a director in the company. He is also interested in real estate and other 
lines of business and devotes part of his leisure to looking after his many 
interests. 

While in the course of time he has passed on to a position of means 
and prominence, never has he neglected an opportunity of assisting a fel- 
low traveler on life's journey, and his career has in large measure been the 
exemplification of his belief in the brotherhood of mankind. Numberless 
times has he been the "Good Samaritan" in helping those not so strong 
as himself to turn away from their sins, intemperance, and other weak- 
nesses, and faults, and by his kindly, cheering words of hope he has enabled 
them to take fresh courage and start anew, and press onward and upward 
to the mark of their high calling. 

In 1886, when the wreck of the Nellie White left his friend. Captain 
Eliason, of the Tolchester Steamship Company, much discouraged, Mr. 
Giles aided Captain Eliason in reorganizing and helped finance the Tol- 
chester Steamship Company, which also owns various summer resorts. 
The steamer Emma Giles, built after the reorganization of the company, 
was one of the first "composite" type of side-wheelers constructed in this 
part of the country. Mr. Giles is a director in this company. 

As a native Baltimorean Mr. Giles has always taken a deep interest 
in the progress and development of his own city, being ever found willing 
and ready to aid by voice and influence in the promotion of any movement 
tending to further the advancement of her commercial, philanthropical, re- 
ligious or political interests. While he has never sought to figure promi- 
nently in any public light, he is recognized as belonging to that class of 
men who, wherever found, constitute the representative personnel and 
trusty promoters of the active interests of a great city. 

In politics he is a Gold Republican and a Protectionist, but votes inde- 
pendent of partisan considerations. For many years he has belonged to 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 623 

the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being a firm believer in this organi- 
zation on account of the good it has done, and now, though no longer active 
in its affairs, still retains his membership. He affiliates with Mount Vernon 
Lodge, No. 151, Free and Accepted Masons, with St. John's Chapter, No. 
19, with Maryland Commandery No. i, and with Boumi Temple, Nobles 
of the Mystic Shrine. 

In religion he is exceedingly broad and charitable in his views, and, 
while a recognized and prominent layman of the Methodist church, his innate, 
deep, spiritual nature so quickens and broadens his vision to the extent 
that he believes in the Fatherhood of God, and that all men are brothers, 
no matter as to nationality, creed, denomination or condition. 

Mr. Giles is distinguished as a deep thinker and a classical scholar, 
having justly deserved the title given him by some of his close friends as 
"Maryland's Poet Philosopher", he having produced three volumes of 
poems, essays and writings (as yet unpublished), in which he has described 
with true fidelity the beauties of creation and sung in noble verse the great- 
ness of the Creator. His poetry is pervaded by a pure and genial phi- 
losophy, as well as a deeply spiritual tone, that influences the fancy, the 
understanding, and the heart, being an able exponent of the silent language 
of the Universe to the World. 

Mr. Giles married, in 1867, in Baltimore, Emma, daughter of George 
H. and Sophia (Raborg) Hall, of Baltimore, and they were the parents 
of three children, the only surviving one being a daughter, Emma Giles, 
now the wife of George E. Parker Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Parker have one son, 
Walter Giles Parker, a frank, manly youth, who not only bears the name 
of his grandfather, but has inherited many of his genial traits of character. 

It is this geniality of nature, combined with unswerving adherence to 
principle, which has all his life won for Mr. Giles the devoted regard of 
his friends, to whom he is ever loyal and true, for Mr. Giles is truly a man 
who lives in deeds, not years ; thoughts, not only breaths, and in his daily 
living endeavors to serve God and humanity. 

While his buoyancy and elasticity of spirit account for his youthful 
appearance, tall and erect, his hair and moustache but slightly touched with 
gray, the glance of his clear, expressive, brown eye, penetrating, but kindly, 
fairly glowing with an intensely earnest and deep intellect, his bearing and 
general appearance are those of a military man. 

He impresses you at once upon meeting him as a man of safe, sane 
and sound judgment, and of splendid self poise. 

As a host he is incomparable, cordial, affable and genial. A brilliant 
conversationalist, well equipped with a storehouse of knowledge and infor- 
mation gained from extensive travel and keen observation. A man of let- 
ters and a constant student, he can discuss freely numerous topics with 
perfect ease. Possessing a magnetic temperament and striking personality, 
he commands attention because people know he has something to say worth 
hearing. Yet with all these gifts, he is neither arrogant nor self-opinion- 
ated, but modest, humble, unassuming and retiring, always ready and will- 
ing to give a respectful hearing to any and all who seek him, even although 
they may not be his equal in class or mentality. His home is spacious and 
substantial, artistic in appointment, with everything to minister to a re- 
fined and literary taste — a picture of ideal comfort — and indicates in the 
owner the combination of the successful business man with the gentleman 
and scholar that he is. 

Mr. Giles has spent much of his leisure in traveling and in recent years 
he has made several journeys to Canada. He has frequently visited in 



624 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

summer the home of his mother's people in Nova Scotia. In the course of 
the last forty years he has traveled over a million miles, including journeys 
made both for business and pleasure. 

At all times throughout his career Mr. Giles has stood as an able ex- 
ponent of the spirit of the age in his efforts to advance progress and im- 
provement and in the wise use he has made of his opportunities and means. 
Prompt and decisive in character, but always considerate of others and ex- 
ceedingly generous, the number of those he has aided by kindly words of 
advice drawn from the storehouse of long experience, or by the helping hand 
of material assistance, is large, indeed; aye, larger, perhaps, than will ever 
be known, exemplifying in his daily life an intensely earnest disposition to 
serve his fellowmen. He practically adopts his own motto : None too high 
to face, and none too low to help. 

The success of some men, while it may not be purchased at the price 
of direct injury to their fellows, is often, at least in part, the result of in- 
difference to their welfare. Others, on the contrary, make their prosperity 
a source of blessing to the less fortunate, and of this latter class Mr. Giles 
is a conspicuous example. Never has he made his gain out of another's 
loss, but always has he caused the harvest of his labors to minister to the 
uplifting of humanity, and to increase the sum total of the happiness of 
mankind by his earnest effort to do noble things (not dream them), and he 
cannot fail to reap a rich reward, not only in this life, but also in the life 
eternal. 

This biography is written by one of his life-long friends, a keen ob- 
server, and one who appreciates Mr. Giles for his genuine worth and true 
nobility of character. 



WILLIAM GILMOR 

Every great city is, to a certain extent, the creation of a small number 
of far-sighted, public-spirited men who have been the originators and execu- 
tants of those monumental enterprises and organizations which constitute 
the special glory of a metropolis. One of the finest representatives of this 
class of men was the late William Gilmor, to whom Baltimore is indebted 
for the inauguration and success of many of the great undertakings and 
institutions which have so largely contributed to her present prosperity and 
importance. 

(I) Robert Gilmor, great-grandfather of William Gilmor, was born 
November lo, 1748, in Paisley, Scotland, and was a son of Gavin Gilmor, 
a merchant of that city. When a very young man Robert Gilmor was 
associated with his father in business, and, being desirous of visiting the 
American colonies, came out in one of the tobacco ships annually trading 
to this country, sailing from Glasgow, July 24, 1767, and arriving at Oxford, 
Talbot county, in September following. He brought with him a shipment 
of merchandise, and for a number of years pursued a profitable business 
in Maryland, and at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War sided with the 
country of his adoption, serving with the militia of St. Mary's county. In 
December, 1778, he determined to remove to Baltimore, and not long after, 
having considerable transactions with the celebrated house of Samuel Inglis 
& Company, of Philadelphia, in which Robert Morris, the famous financier 
of Congress, and Thomas "Willing, both signers of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, were partners, formed, in association with them, the firm of 
Bingham, Inglis & Gilmor, Mr. Bingham being the son-in-law of Mr. Will- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 625 

ing. Mr. Gilmor was to reside abroad and have the active conduct of the 
business, in which undertaking he met with gratifying success, making mer- 
cantile connections of the highest character in all parts of Europe. After 
the death of Mr. Inglis, Mr. Gilmor formed a partnership with Mr. Bingham 
under the style of Robert Gilmor & Company, the articles being signed in 
London, in February, 1784. The business was to be conducted in Balti- 
more, whither Mr. Gilmor returned, making it thenceforth his permanent 
home. One of the ships of this firm, the brig Ann, was sent in 1784 to St. 
Petersburg, on her return was dispatched to Batavia, and in both places 
was the first vessel which ever displayed the American flag. Mr. Gilmor 
became largely engaged in foreign commerce, especially in the East India 
trade, of which he may be considered the founder in this country. In 1799 
his partnership with Mr. Bingham was dissolved, and he took into business 
with him his two sons, under the firm name of Robert Gilmor & Sons, a 
house, which, for some fifty years, ranked with those of the highest stand- 
ing both in this country and abroad. Mr. Gilmor neither sought nor de- 
sired public office, but was nevertheless called on to fill many positions of 
influence and importance. He married Louisa, daughter of the Rev. 
Thomas Airy, of Dorchester county, Maryland, and they became the par- 
ents of two sons, Robert and William, the former mentioned below. Mr. 
Gilmor died in January, 1822, leaving a name second to none for business 
enterprise and integrity of character. 

(II) Robert Gilmor, son of Robert and Louisa (Airy) Gilmor, mar- 
ried and had a son Robert, see below. 

(III) Robert Gilmor, son of the above Robert Gilmor, successfully 
conducted and enlarged the business founded by his father and grandfather. 
He married Ellen Ward, and the following children were born to them : 
Judge Robert Gilmor, of Baltimore ; William, mentioned below ; Harry, the 
famous Confederate cavalry commander ; Graham ; Mary, who became the 
wife of William Young ; and Ellen, who became the wife of Dr. G. Halsted 
Boylan. The beautiful country home of Mr. and Mrs. Gilmor— "Glen 
Ellen", situated about five miles from Towson, on the banks of the Gun- 
powder river — was one of luxury and refinement and was noted for its 
hospitality. 

(IV) W^illiam, son of Robert and Ellen (Ward) Gilmor, was born 
April 17, 1832, at "Glen Ellen", and received his education in the private 
school presided over by the late Professor McNally. After leaving school 
he at once began his business career, early giving evidence of that execu- 
tive ability and indomitable energy which were ever among his most salient 
characteristics. One of the first of those many enterprises which redounded 
so greatly to the city's good was his advocacy of the use of the Gunpowder 
river for the water supply of Baltimore. He acquired the land for the 
reservoir at Loch Raven, and prevailed upon the city to accept it for the 
water system. 

Realizing keenly the need of a railway in that vicinity, Mr. Gilmor was 
instrumental in the construction of the Baltimore & Delta, now the flour- 
ishing Maryland & Pennsylvania railroad. For many years he was presi- 
dent of this road, which was extended to York, Pennsylvania, and while 
sedulously fulfilling the duties of this responsible position found time to 
initiate other improvements. About 1890, seeking to facilitate the trans- 
portation of the traffic of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, Mr. Gilmor con- 
ceived the idea of the Belt Line. He at once applied himself to the task 
of getting rights of way, and when he had secured them and his plans 
were completed he presented the scheme to the president of the Baltimore 



626 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

& Ohio railroad. His ideas were adopted and he was made president of 
the road, an office which he retained until the retirement of President Cowen. 
The last great public work in which Mr. Gilmor engaged, and which was 
exclusively his own idea, was the use of the Susquehanna river to supply 
motive power to the city. He died ere this magnificent conception could 
be realized, but in 1910 the great plant at McCall's Ferry, Pennsylvania, went 
into operation under the auspices of the McCall's Ferry Power Company, 
supplying electricity, not only to the city of Baltimore, but to Philadelphia 
and other cities as well. This plant — one of the greatest of its kind in the 
world — is the child of this man's brain. 

A record such as this plainly demonstrates that Mr. Gilmor was pre- 
eminently a man of action, giving to whatever he undertook his whole soul, 
and allowing none of the many interests intrusted to his care to suffer for 
want of close and able attention. A vigilant and penetrating observer of 
men and measures, a man of broad views and accurate judgment, his opin- 
ions were recognized as sound and his ideas carried weight among those 
with whom he discussed public problems. Coming of a family long promi- 
nent in the social life of the city, he became, as a young man, one of its 
social leaders and was one of the founders and managers of the Bachelors' 
Cotillon. 

Mr. Gilmor married, in 1874, Mary Lloyd Key, a granddaughter of 
Francis Scott Key, of "Star-Spangled Banner" fame, and three sons were 
born to them : Francis Key, John and William Lloyd Gilmor. Never was 
a man more devoted to his home and family than was Mr. Gilmor. To him 
the ties of home and friendship were sacred, and he possessed the rarest 
social qualities, few men being able to vie with him in this particular. His 
city home. No. 500 Park avenue — invariably referred to as the "Park street 
house" — stood on the corner of Park avenue and Franklin street, and it 
was there that the three brothers, Robert, William and Charles Gilmor, 
then all bachelors, entertained many celebrities during the exciting war 
period of the early sixties. Among their guests were the Marquis of Hart- 
ington (afterward the Duke of Devonshire), lord president of the council, 
and one of the richest peers of England, and that original genius, the late 
George Lawrence, author of "Guy Livingston", "The Border and the Bas- 
tile", and other works. This establishment was a center of refinement, hos- 
pitality and wit, and many other distinguished guests were welcomed be- 
neath its roof. It was difficult, indeed, in those days to find in Baltimore 
any other house of equal social importance. 

This residence, however, was in all its arrangements subsidiary to Mr. 
Gilmor's beautiful country home, "Summerfield", where he preferred to 
spend most of the year, and it was in this home of his heart that he ex- 
pired on November 13, 1904, in the seventy-third year of his age. For half 
a century, in his efforts to advance progress and improvement, he stood as 
an able exponent of the spirit of the age, making wise use of his opportuni- 
ties and his wealth and conforming his life to a high standard in harmony 
with the traditions of an honorable ancestry. 

Of no man can it be said more truly than of Mr. Gilmor that "his 
works follow him". The city of Baltimore is, in great part, his monument. 
On every side are reminders of his devotion to her welfare and advance- 
ment and his immense contributions to her prosperity. The latest of these, 
the splendid electrical plant on the banks of the Susquehanna, perpetuates 
not only in his home city, but also in distant parts of the land, the memory 
of thif aggressive, philanthropic and great-souled Baltimorean. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 627 



ROBERT LEHR 

Not always are the sentiments of admiration and respect awakened by 
the mention of the name of a great financier accompanied by feelings of 
warm regard for the personality of the man. Among the multitudes, how- 
ever, who venerate the memory of the late Robert Lehr, for nearly half a 
century the Baltimore representative of the great banking house of Brothers 
Bonninger, there are, we venture to say, few even of those not personally 
known to him, who would not feel interested on recalling his life and char- 
acter, with an emotion seldom elicited, except among his intimates, by one as 
high in the financial and social world as was this great banker and dis- 
tinguished citizen. 

Robert Lehr was born March 14, 1819, in Coblence on the Rhine, of a 
family distinguished for many generations in military life. His education 
was received in Germany and he early showed a peculiar aptitude for 
afifairs requiring executive and administrative ability. That his talents were 
accorded speedy recognition was proved in 1850, when, a young man not 
much past thirty, he was sent to Baltimore to take charge of the famous 
shipping, banking and general commission house of Brothers Bonninger 
which had connections in the principal cities of all quarters of the globe. 
When Mr. Lehr came to America to assume control of this business he 
brought with him letters to the most prominent people in Baltimore, and 
was accredited at the Legation at Washington. In the conduct of this busi- 
ness he showed himself to be possessed of business acumen, breadth of 
view, enterprise tempered by wise conservatism, incorruptible integrity and 
a stability of character which rendered him, almost from the time of his 
advent in our city, one of the pillars of her business world, a man whose 
counsel was invariably sought and relied on in all times of difficulty and 
danger. 

Mr. Lehr was largely instrumental in extending the scope of the com- 
merce of the L^nited States in Europe, and for this not our city alone, but 
the country at large, is indebted to him, although the trade of Baltimore 
reaped, as a matter of course, especial benefits in the extension of her repu- 
tation and the establishment of the credit of her merchants abroad. Mr. 
Lehr was a director in the Merchants' Bank, the Mercantile Trust and De- 
posit Company, a trustee of the Baltimore Savings Bank and vice-president 
of the Baltimore Safe Deposit Company. He was extensively interested 
in shipping tobacco to Europe, and was a t3'pe of the Baltimore merchant 
of whom the city is justly proud, whose enterprise and integrity have not 
only developed widely the commerce of the metropolis, but have given her 
an enviable reputation for fair dealing and honorable methods. Always 
singularly strong in his personality, he exerted a powerful influence on his 
business subordinates and on all with whom he was brought in contact, 
while a genial nature, quick to recognize and appreciate the good in others, 
won the afifection of men of all classes and conditions. 

In 1863 Mr. Lehr became vice-consul for Portugal, and in 1879 was 
appointed consul for Belgium, holding both these offices until the close of 
his life. A vigilant and attentive observer of men and measures, his opin- 
ions were recognized as sound and his views as broad, and among those 
with whom he discussed public problems his ideas carried great weight. In 
all that concerned the city's welfare his interest was deep and sincere, and 
whenever substantial aid would further public progress it was freely given. 
No good work done in the name of charity or religion sought his co-opera- 



628 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

tion in vain, and he brought to bear in his work of this character the same 
discrimination and thoroughness which were features so strongly marked 
in his business Hfe. He was one of the original subscribers and founders 
of the Maryland Club, which was opened on Fayette street, with Jerome 
Bonaparte lirst president, and was one of the last of the life-governors. 

Mr. Lehr married, in 1854. Mary F., daughter of the late Colonel 
Moore, of Wheeling. West Mrginia, president of the Belmont Iron Mills of 
Wheeling. Mr. and Mrs. Lehr were the parents of the following children : 
I. Frances Alice, now Mrs. John Morton, of Bordeaux, France. 2. Robert 
Oliver, who was connected with his father's mercantile establishment. 3. 
F. William. 4. Henry Symes, who married Elizabeth, of the noted Drexel 
family of Philadelphia, and widow of John V. Dahlgren. She and her 
husband are among the most conspicuous ornaments of society both in New 
York and Newport. 5. Hildegarde. 6. Dr. Louis C. Lehr, of Washing- 
ton, who married Marie Worthington Conrad. 

Mr. Lehr was a man of excellent literary attainments, an art con- 
noisseur, and numbered his friends by the hundred. He maintained mem- 
bership in the Germania Club, and extended a generous and gracious hos- 
pitality both at his town house, 12 East Read street, and at his beautiful 
country seat at Mount Washington. The family has always moved in the 
highest society of Baltimore, and ]\Irs. Lehr, who survives her husband, was, 
during his life, one of our city's most popular hostesses. 

Mr. Lehr died March 10, 1887, at his Baltimore home, leaving the 
record of a life which was a happy illustration of the honors and rewards 
of business fidelity and industry combined with high principle and un- 
swerving integrity. His name was known in the highest circles of the 
financial world as that of a man who could be trusted and with whom it 
was a satisfaction to transact business. His private life was that of one 
to whom the ties of home and friendship were sacred, and he was interested 
in many charitable and benevolent enterprises and liberal in his gifts along 
the lines of religious and philanthropic effort. At all times he stood as an 
able exponent of the spirit of a progressive age, making wise use of his 
opportunities and his wealth, and in all respects conforming his life to the 
standards and traditions of an ancestry honorable and distinguished. 

To Robert Lehr Baltimore owes a debt of gratitude such as is seldom 
due from a municipality to an individual. Not only was he a power in the 
building up and strengthening of her domestic trade, but he enlarged the 
scope of her commercial relations with the countries of Europe and helped 
to cement the bonds between the people of the United States and the na- 
tions of the Old World. 



WAITMAN T. WILLEY 

The union of the physician and the gentleman is — to the honor of the 
profession be it said — the rule rather than the exception, and Baltimore has 
the good fortune to possess in Dr. Waitman T. Willey, head of the Gynaeco- 
logical Department of the Maryland Homoeopathic Hospital, a singularly 
perfect example of this combination of personalities. Dr. Willey is a rep- 
resentative of a family distinguished both in the public service and in the 
learned professions. 

Waitman T. Willey, grandfather of Dr. Waitman T. Willey, was a 
leader among those who aided in the formation of the State of West Vir- 
ginia when that portion of the Old Dominion proved her loyalty to the 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 629 

Union cause by becoming a separate commonwealth. To Mr. Willey belongs 
the honor of having been the first to represent the new State in the Na- 
tional Senate. He married Mary Ray, and their children were : Ray, now 
a department head in the Treasury Department at Washington, D. C. ; 
William P., mentioned below ; and two daughters. 

William P., son of Waitman T. and Mary (Ray) Willey, was for thirty 
years head of the Law Department of the University of West Virginia. 
He married Lida Allen, daughter of Guy R. C. Allen, congressman from 
Virginia before the division of the State. Mr. and Mrs. Willey were the 
parents of three sons : Guy A., electrical engineer, Charleston, West Vir- 
ginia ; Chauncey D., attorney-at-law, now deceased, left one son, Chauncey 
D. Willey Jr. ; Waitman T., mentioned below. 

Waitman T., son of William P. and Lida (Allen) Willey, was born 
September 26, 1875, at Morgantown, West Virginia. He received his pre- 
paratory education in the public schools of his native place, afterward enter- 
ing the University of West Virginia, whence he was graduated with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. His professional training was obtained in the 
Baltimore Medical College and the Southern Homoeopathic Medical Col- 
lege. After graduation he served for a time in hospital work, gaining 
thereby much valuable experience. 

At the outset of his career Dr. Willey was urged by his parents and 
friends to begin practice in his home town, but in that spirit of enterprise 
which has ever remained one of his most salient characteristics he desired 
a wider field, and accordingly came in 1901 to Baltimore, where his success 
was from the first a "foregone conclusion", his knowledge, his technique 
and his affability placing him, in a short time, in possession of a very large 
general practice. A close student of his profession, thoroughness is, perhaps, 
his most distinctive characteristic, and, while he is ever on the alert for any 
improvement of a scientific nature that will advance the cause of medicine 
and surgery, before adopting it he makes himself master of every detail of 
the subject and his comments and conclusions are consequently interesting 
and illuminative. Dignified in appearance and at the same time intensely 
active, quick and sure in movement, his face and manner, while giving 
assurance of strong will and inflexible purpose, indicate also that sincere ge- 
niality which never fails to inspire cheerfulness and courage. Above all, he 
may truly be said to radiate optimism, a quality indispensable to the successful 
physician. The entire first floor of his residence on St. Paul street is given 
up to offices, waiting room, consulting room and operating room, completely 
equipped with every modern facility and improvement. 

Notwithstanding his devotion to the strenuous duties of his extensive 
practice Dr. Willey has found time to contribute valuable articles to The 
American Medical Monthly and other medical journals. He belongs to the 
American ^Medical Association, the Southern Medical Association and the 
Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Baltimore, also to the Alpha Sigma 
college fraternity. Politically he is an Independent, holding himself strictly 
aloof from partisanship, and his church membership is with the Mount 
Vernon Place Methodist Episcopal Church. In his native village of Mor- 
gantown Dr. Willey took an active part in the sports of boyhood, and later 
was conspicuous in the athletics of his college. Motoring is now one of 
his favorite recreations. 

Dr. Willey married Elsie M. Powell, daughter of William M. Powell, 
head of The William H. Powell Company, wholesale merchants, and a 
representative of an old Baltimore family too well known to require further 
mention here. Dr. and Mrs. Willey are the parents of two bright and win- 



630 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

ning little daughters, Madesta Allen and A'lary Wain Willey. Mrs. Willey, 
a woman of culture and charm, is extremely popular in Baltimore society, 
and she and her husband are the center of a circle of warmly attached 
friends. Dr. \\'illey's kindly nature and extensive knowledge of affairs 
causing him to be frequently consulted on matters other than professional. 
Dr. Willey's grandfather rendered valuable service as one of the 
Nation's legislators, and his father, for more than a quarter of a century, 
was one of the honored heads of a great institution of learning. His own 
record has thus far worthily supplemented those of the generations which, 
preceded him and gives promise of greater things to come. 



WILBUR WATSON HUBBARD 

To have gained distinction as a manufacturer, banker or financier is 
usually regarded as achievement enough for any one man, but in Wilbur 
\\^atson Hubbard, vice-president of the Hubbard Fertilizer Company of 
Baltimore, and one of the organizers and directors of the Second National 
Bank of Chestertown, we find these three characters not only united, but 
developed to a high degree of excellence. Mr. Hubbard is a scion of the 
ancient family of Hubbard, which had its original home in the county of 
Essex, England, immigrated from England to the colonies in 1660. Among 
the paternal ancestors of these brothers were members of parliament, 
knights, a lord chief justice of common pleas, a chancellor and keeper of the 
great seal, and others of distinction. 

Adley Hubbard, the first of the name to arrive in Maryland, received 
from Lord Baltimore a patent for a large tract of land in Cecil county,, 
known as "Hubbard's Delight," and later as "Ward's Hill." 

There were five generations of this branch of the family before was 
born Thomas Rumbold, son of Lemuel and Mary (Rumbold) Hubbard, 
who married, November 19, 1859, Josephine Mason, daughter of George 
Watson, of Delaware. Mrs. Hubbard was a woman of most attractive- 
personality and great elevation of character. They had two children, Wil- 
bur Watson, and Anna, now deceased. 

Wilbur Watson Hubbard, son of Thomas Rumbold and Josephine 
Mason (Watson) Hubbard, was born September 19, i860, at Greensboro, 
Caroline county, Maryland. His early education was received from private 
tutors, by whom he was prepared to enter Washington College, but after 
leaving there he evinced, in preference to a professional life, an inclination 
for a business career. In consequence of this he early became a partner 
in the large fertilizer business established by his father in Chestertown, 
and on the latter's retirement, succeeded to the sole proprietorship. He 
is also vice-president of the Hubbard Fertilizer Company of Baltimore, 
an organization which carries on a business of about a million dollars 
annually. This company was formed in 1901, when Mr. Hubbard first 
became identified with Baltimore. Their works are at Canton, employing 
about one hundred and fifty men, with machinery capable of manufacturing 
seventy thousand tons of fertilizer per annum, which with the Chestertown 
plant and the factory in Maine they are conducting one of the most success- 
ful fertilizer concerns in the country. 

In this line of endeavor Mr. Hubbard is an acknowledged and undis- 
puted leader, and at the Eighteenth Annual Convention of the National 
Fertilizer Association, recently held at Atlantic City, was chosen president. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 631 

of that body. His great energy makes it possible for him to engage in 
a number of other activities. As one of the organizers and directors of the 
Second National Bank of Chestertown he has been its representative in 
the Bankers' Convention. State and National, and in 1893 at the World's 
Congress at Chicago. He built and now owns the Imperial Hotel, and 
is a director of the Transcript Publishing Company and the Diamond State 
Telephone Company ; a large stockholder in and president of the Mapos 
Central Sugar Company of Santa Clara, Cuba ; director of the Continental 
Life Insurance Company of America, and the Southern States Fire Insur- 
ance Company of Philadelphia. Quick and decisive in his methods, keenly 
alive to any business proposition and its possibilities, he is recognized as one 
of those men, forceful, sagacious and resourceful, who constitute the inmost 
circle of those closest to the business concerns and financial interests most 
vital to the growth and progress of the city. 

Withal, Mr. Hubbard is intensely a citizen, first, last and always pub- 
lic-spirited. To his personal efforts and influence was due the extension 
of the Pennsylvania railroad to the water front and the erection of its new 
station in the heart of the town. When Mrs. Hubbard, who is not less 
public-spirited than her husband, was one of the leaders in a project origi- 
nated by the women of Chestertown for a Public Square, removing the old 
market house and beautifying the site with a fountain and flower beds, Mr. 
Hubbard contributed his time and money toward this permanent improve- 
ment to the town, and greatly enhanced property values in the business sec- 
tion. Mr. Hubbard is a staunch Democrat, but has never engaged actively 
in politics. 

Mr. Hubbard married, in 1890, Etta Belle, daughter of Judge James 
E. Ross, of Mexico, Missouri, and great-granddaughter of Colonel William 
Ross, of the Revolutionary Army of Pennsylvania, a cousin of General 
George Ross, of the same State, one of the signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. These American officers were lineal descendants of the 
Earls of Ross, whose heroic deeds form a part of the history of Scotland. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hubbard are parents of a son and a daughter : Wilbur Ross 
and Miriam Warren. The latter was one of last season's most charming 
debutantes and is distinguished by an exceptionally winning personality, 
which has endeared her to a large circle of friends. 

"Chester Place," Mr. Hubbard's Chestertown home, recently restored, 
which he occupies when not in Baltimore, is generally conceded to be one 
of the finest old colonial mansions on the Eastern Shore. This edifice is 
located in town, immediately on Chester river, and was built about two hun- 
dred years ago by Simon Wilmer, the first merchant in Chestertown, fifty 
years before the L'nited States became a nation, and has been the home of 
many of Maryland's distinguished sons, notably James Bowers ; Robert 
Wright, LTnited States Senator and Governor ; Judge Chambers, Chief Jus- 
tice and LTnited States Senator, and others. When this house was built 
Chestertown was a port of entry, and one of the sites first selected for Bal- 
timore. The old Custom House across the street from Mr. Hubbard's resi- 
dence was purchased by him in 1909 in a dilapidated condition, but in 1910 
he restored it as it was originally, thus preserving one of Maryland's oldest 
landmarks. 

Mr. Hubbard is a type of man of whom the State of Maryland is justly 
proud. The three leading causes of his success, an ambitious spirit, vig- 
orous habits of industry and integrity of character, are expressed in his 
resolute bearing and face of kindly determination. To these causes may 
be added his prompt adoption of modern methods in business and a courtesy 



6^2 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

of manner which never fails to attract. His words in regard to the attain- 
ment of true success and the highest enjoyment of hfe are worthy of being 
impressed upon the mind of every youth : "Do it now," "Do as you would 
Hke to be done by,"" "People who never do any more than they get paid 
for, never get paid for any more than they do," and "The most delicate and 
sensible of all pleasures consists in promoting the pleasure of others." 

The chief sources of Mr. Hubbard's inspiration have been the influence 
of his mother and the sympathy and counsels of his wife, the latter being 
one of those rare women who combine with perfect womanliness and domes- 
ticity unerring judgment, traits of great value to her husband, with whom 
she is not alone a charming companion, but also a confidante and adviser in 
weighty business matters. 

Though a resident of Chestertown, Mr. Hubbard spends much of the 
year in Baltimore, which is the center of his business interests. While loyal 
to his home town and assiduously laboring for its improvement, he is first 
of all a devoted Baltimorean, and it is with peculiar pride that the city 
claims as her own one so long and so honorably identified with her best 
interests. 



JAMES CAREY 



The first of the Carey family to live where Baltimore City now is was 
John Carey, whose home was on Gwynn's Falls below the Frederick road. 
He was interested in the mining of iron ore and owned plantations in other 
counties ; was a vestryman in St. Paul's Church, and when he died was 
buried in Old St. Paul's Cemetery, which was then near the present St. 
Paul's Church. His daughter Ellen married Colonel Christopher Randall, 
from whom was descended the late James R. Randall, author of "Maryland, 
My Mandand". George T. M. Gibson of Baltimore is also descended from 
this marriage. 

John Carey's son John died unmarried. His other son James, who 
was born in Baltimore county in 1752, became one of the principal financiers 
of old Baltimore and did a good deal toward promoting the prosperity of 
the city. When the Revolutionary War began Mr. Carey was in England 
and was detained there on parole until the end of the war. On his return 
to Maryland he went into the shipping business in Baltimore, exporting 
tobacco, grain and flour and importing necessities of all kinds. He was the 
owner of flour mills at Calverton, and with James Cheston and others built 
the old mill race now part of the city park system. Baltimore became a 
city in 1796 and James Carey was elected a member of the first city council. 
In 1790 James Carey, William Patterson, Robert Gilmor, Thomas Hollings- 
worth, James Edwards and Otho H. Williams organized the Bank of Mary- 
land, of which Mr. Carey was later made the president. While under his 
care the bank was very successful. In the latter part of his life he was 
much interested in the welfare of the colored people. He died in 1834. 

Mr. Carey married in 1785, Martha, daughter of John Ellicott. His 
country home was "Loudon Park", where he and his wife are now buried, 
and his town house was at the southeast corner of Sharpe and Lombard 
streets. Mr. Carey left three daughters: Hannah, born in 1795, married 
William E. Coale ; Margaret, born in 1797, married Galloway Cheston; 
Martha, born in 1805, married Dr. Richard Henry Thomas. 

The oldest son of James and Martha (Ellicott) Carey was John Elli- 
cott Carey, born in Baltimore in 1789, died in 1849. He was for a time 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 633 

engaged in flour mill business and the export of flour. He married Ann 
Head Irwin of Alexandria, Virginia. Mr. Carey retired from active busi- 
ness rather early in life, but was a good and useful man. He left two 
sons, James and Thomas Irwin Carey. 

James, son of John Ellicott Carey, was born in Baltimore in 1821. He 
was educated at Hallowell's School, Alexandria, Virginia, and Haverford 
College. He married Susan B. Kimber, daughter of Thomas and Joanna 
Sophia Shober Kimber of Philadelphia. For many years Mr. Carey was in 
business in Baltimore, and after his retirement from commercial life was 
useful in numerous ways ; was a director in the Union Bank ; the Central 
Savings Bank ; trustee of Johns Hopkins Hospital, and first president of 
the Provident Savings Bank. He was an elder in the Orthodox Society of 
Friends, and was known as a consistent Christian man, both in private life 
and in business. Mr. Carey died in 1894, leaving the following children: 
Thomas K. Carey, John E. Carey, James Carey Jr., Francis King Carey, 
Anthony Morris Carey, Mary Irwin Carey, who married Francis G. Allin- 
son, of Burlington, New Jersey. 

Thomas Irwin Carey, second son of John Ellicott Carey, was born in 
Baltimore in 1827. He was educated at a boarding school near Philadel- 
phia, and at St. Mary's College, Baltimore, which at that time was one of 
the best colleges in the United States. Mr. Carey married Martha Gray, 
daughter of Judge George Gray Leiper and his wife Eliza Snowden Leiper, 
at "Lapidia", the country place of Judge Leiper, near Philadelphia. Mr. 
Carey went into the cotton manufacturing business near Philadelphia and 
later was elected president of Peabody Fire Insurance Company of Balti- 
more. This office he held for about forty years, during which time the 
insurance company was eminently successful. 

He was a member and trustee of the First Presbyterian Church of Bal- 
timore ; was connected with various charities, and after a long and useful 
life died in 1902, leaving the following children : George Leiper Carey, 
Thomas Irwin Carey, James Carey, Charles H. Carey, Mary Thomas Carey, 
Martha Leiper Carey, Helen Hamilton Carey, and Ann Irwin, who married 
G. Frank Baily of Baltimore. 

Samuel, second son of James and Martha (Ellicott) Carey, was bom 
in Baltimore in 1792. He married Martha, daughter of John Ellicott Evans 
of Bufifalo, New York. He was never very active in business. He died 
without children. 

George, youngest son of James and Martha (Ellicott) Carey, was 
born in 1800. In 1830 he married Mary, daughter of Patrick and Eleanor 
Sanderson Gibson, of Richmond, Virginia. Later he was made president 
of the Peabody Fire Insurance Company of Baltimore, w^hich position he 
held until his death in 1865. He was a handsome, courteous gentleman, 
much liked both in his family and by others who knew him. 

His oldest son James, who was very much like his father, was educated 
in Baltimore, and in 1861 entered the Confederate Army where he remained 
until the end of the war. He married, in 1869, Mattie Ward, daughter of 
the Rev. W. N. Ward, of Richmond county, Virginia. He soon lost his 
health and died young, leaving two children : George, who married Mary 
Jewett, of New York, who now lives in New York ; and Estelle Ward, who 
married Dr. Frederick M. Warren, now lives in New Haven, Connecticut. 

George Gibson Carey, second son of George and Mary (Gibson) Carey, 
was born in Baltimore in 1836. He was educated in private schools and 
at Princeton College. Fortunately for the good of Baltimore he became 
head of a large boys' school. One of his former pupils, now trustee of 



634 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Johns Hopkins University (1912), in a recent letter writes: "Mr. Carey 
was one of the best men who ever lived; his teaching had an elevating influ- 
ence on every boy in his school". His influence in his family, also in his 
dub and in society was equally good, and his death in 1894 was a loss to 
manv. He married Josephine, daughter of Judge Neilson Poe. His chil- 
dren are: Josephine Gibson, married Dr. Henry M. Thomas of Baltimore; 
George Gibson Carey; Rev. Neilson Poe Carey; Margaret Cheston Carey; 
Maria Gibson Carey, married Albert Chandler Wall, of New Jersey. 

Henrv Gibson Carey, third son of George and Mary (Gibson) Carey, 
was born in Baltimore in 1839. He married, in 1864, Grace Gibson, of 
Philadelphia, and is still living in Baltimore (1912). His children are: 
■William Gibson Carey, married Eleanor Calvert, daughter of the late Charles 
Baltimore Calvert, of Prince George's county, Maryland, now lives in 
Schenectady; Mary E., married J. C. Van Hulsteyn. of Baltimore; Ella 
Barton, married T. Walley Williams, of England; Grace Noble, married 
(first) W. S. G. Baker, of Baltimore, and after his death married Cecil 
G. Lindo. of England. 

Alexander Gibson Carey, fourth son of George and Mary (Gibson) 
Carey, was born in 1843. He was educated in Baltimore, and in 1861 en- 
tered the Confederate Army, where he stayed until the end of the war. He 
married, October i, 1874, Eleanor, daughter of William E. and Cassandra 
Brevitt Coale. Their only surviving child is Mary Yarnall, who married 
Dr. Fred Henry Baetjer. Mr. Carey is still living in Baltimore (1912). 

George and Mary (Gibson) Carey left one daughter, Ellen G. Carey, 
who is still living in Baltimore (1912). 



JAMES RUSSELL WHEELER 

Whenever the announcement is made that something is to be done for 
the benefit of Baltimore there is at least one man who always answers, 
"Here!" and that man is James Russell Wheeler, president of the Com- 
monwealth Bank, the only residential bank in the city. Mr. Wheeler has 
the record of a brave soldier as well as that of an able financier, and for 
more than sixty years has been identified with the State of Maryland and 
the city of Baltimore. 

James Russell Wheeler was born May 21, 1843, at Cheltenham, Ox- 
fordshire, England, and is the son of James and Anne (Barrett) Wheeler, 
the former of whom was born in England while the latter was descended 
from Irish ancestors. In 1849 Mr. and Mrs. Wheeler brought their six 
year old son to the United States and to Baltimore, where he received his 
education in public and private schools, also attending private schools in 
Havre de Grace. On finishing his education he became a compositor on 
the old Exchange newspaper of this city, but at the outbreak of the Civil 
War entered the Confederate army, enlisting in Company F, First Mary- 
land Cavalry. October 9, 1863. he was taken prisoner and was kept for six 
months in confinement. He served throughout the conflict, and at its close 
returned to Baltimore where for five years he was engaged in business as 
a contractor. Then he became manager of the Maryland White Lead 
Company, situated on Fort avenue, showing a marked aptitude both as a 
business manager and as a handler of a working force. He remained with 
the company for twenty years, and then severed his connection in order to 
iDecome manager of the Maryland Veneer Company, situated on Pratt 




'L — (^"f-^ 



^ 




HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 635 

street, with which organization he remained for three years, or until 1894, 
when he entered upon another phase of his active business career. 

About that time the merchants in Eutaw, Howard and Madison streets 
and the vicinity felt the need of a bank and the result was the establishment 
of the Commonwealth Bank, with Mr. Wheeler as its president. His 
record since assuming- the position clearly demonstrates both his financial 
and executive ability. The bank structure, originally more than ample for 
its requirements, had to be enlarged in order to meet the demands of the 
increasing business, and is at the present time (1911) one of the best ap- 
pointed banking establishments in Baltimore. 

Mr. Wheeler is one of the men who always seem to have time for more 
work, and is actively interested in other concerns in his adopted city. For 
thirty-eight years he has continuously served as president of the Beehive 
Building Association, of which he was the organizer, and which owes its 
success very largely to his efforts in its behalf. He is also president of the 
State Mutual Building Association, of the Calvert Apartment Company, 
which owns the Mount Royal Apartments, and of the Fear Improvement 
Company. Ever since the close of the war he has been working hard for the 
Confederates, and has been a member of the board of managers of the 
Confederate Soldiers' Home at Pikesville since its establishment, having 
been for about twenty-four years chairman of the board, and giving his 
constant personal attention to the Home. For the last five years he has 
been president of the Confederate Widows' Home, and for twenty-five years 
has been a member of the executive committee of Federated Charities, being 
also identified with the Consumers' League, the Shut-in Society and the 
Playgrounds Association. 

Always a Democrat and a man whose advice is sought by the greatest 
of the party leaders, Mr. Wheeler has never desired a public office, the 
only position of this kind which he ever accepted being that of supervisor of 
public charities, which he has held ever since the new charter was granted. 
One of his closest friendships is that with Senator John Walter Smith. A life- 
long member of the cathedral parish, he is a member of almost every Catholic 
society in the archdiocese, especially those of the charitable sort. For many 
years he has been a director of St. Mary's Orphan Asylum, and he holds 
the same office in the House of the Good Shepherd, the House of the Good 
Shepherd for Colored Girls, and the South Baltimore Day Nursery. For 
twenty-five years he has been superintendent of the Cathedral Sunday school, 
and is also president of the sodality. He holds membership in the Catholic 
Benevolent Legion and the Knights of Columbus, and for six years has 
been president of the Young Catholics' Friend Society. He is a member of 
the Concord Democratic and the Catholic clubs. Of the latter he has been 
president continuously for twenty-one years and it is there that he most 
frequently indulges in his favorite pastime of bowling, in which he is an 
expert. He is a man of fine presence with a genial countenance and man- 
ners invariably dignified and affable, showing a gentleness and a thought- 
fulness for others which, in combination with his sterling traits of character, 
have contributed greatly to his personal popularity. 

Not only is Mr. Wheeler identified with every civic movement of im- 
portance, but he is the best of all marshals and invariably officiates in that 
capacity on the occasion of any parade held in honor of Cardinal Gibbons, a 
sketch and portrait of whom may be found on another page of this work. 
Mr. Wheeler is one of the Cardinal's closest personal friends in the laity of 
the church, the bond between them being one of many years' standing. 
When, on November 25, 1910, a banquet was given Mr. Wheeler at the 



636 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Rennert Hotel, for his skill in marshaling the demonstration at the time of 
Cardinal Gibbons' return from abroad, the latter, who seldom leaves home 
in the evening, broke his rule in order to be present. The governor and 
mayor were there and Mr. Wheeler was presented with a loving cup in 
appreciation of his services. 

Mr. Wheeler has never married. He has been too busy. Strong man 
as he is, his bank comrades, in 1907, thought they detected indications of a 
threatened breakdown, and they planned a European trip for him. With 
much difficulty he was persuaded to take it and enjoyed himself immensely, 
returning hale and hearty and more than ever in love with old Baltimore. 
Faithfully has James Russell Wheeler served his adopted city and grate- 
fully and proudly does she acknowledge her indebtedness. His is a life 
which has been largely devoted to others. Soldier, financier, citizen, he is, 
above all, "one who loves his fellow men." 



JOSEPH S. HEUISLER 

In presenting to the public sketches of the lives of our prominent citi- 
zens, the author has endeavored to choose those men who, by their superior 
attainments in some particular walk of life, have risen to prominence among 
their fellows, and whose characteristics and individuality have raised them 
above the ordinary run of mortals. In every branch of business it is the 
few and not the many who rise to eminence, and it is these few who give 
tone and character to our society, and shape the destiny of the communities 
in which they reside. More men rise to what is called eminence at the bar 
than in any other profession; the majority of our orators and great states- 
men come from the forum, as it is the most general school for the training 
of genius or talent, and humanity is indebted to the genial study of the 
law and the practice of our courts for the development of some of the 
greatest minds the world ever produced. Certainly no State has more reason 
to feel proud of her bar than Maryland. The record of her lawyers since 
the earliest periods of her history, is replete with the works of men who 
were giants in intellect, and to-day no city in the East presents a fairer array 
of legal luminaries than Baltimore. Prominent among those who have 
earned enviable reputations for themselves, and whose worth the people of 
Baltimore have seen fit to acknowledge by conferring on them positions of 
honor and trust, was the late Joseph S. Heuisler. 

Joseph S. Heuisler was born in Baltimore, Maryland, February 17, 1832, 
son of Joseph A. and Mary (Parker) Heuisler, the former a native of Mu- 
nich, Bavaria, and the latter a native of Safifron Walden, County Essex, 
England, her parents locating in Baltimore, Maryland, early in the nine- 
teenth century. Joseph A. Heuisler was a florist and horticulturist of note 
in Baltimore for many years, and during the latter years of his life pursued 
as a pastime the cultivation of fruit and flowers, which had been the active 
business of his earlier life. He died in Baltimore, February 12, 1862, aged 
eighty-one years, and his wife died January 5, 1837. 

Joseph S. Heuisler completed his literary education in St. Mary's Col- 
lege at Baltimore in 1849, ^^^ soon afterward became one of the legal staff 
of the register of wills, serving first under David M. Ferine and later under 
his successor, Nathaniel Hickman, being thus employed for seven years. 
He began the study of law under the preceptorship of James M. Buchanan, 
United States minister to Denmark, and while pursuing the study was sue- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 637 

cessfully engaged on the clerical staff of the orphans' court of Baltimore and 
in the conveyancing business with Cornelius M. Cole. He was admitted 
to the bar in i860, and was an active practitioner in Baltimore from that 
time until his death, his son. Charles William Heuisler, being associated 
with him, under the firm name of Heuisler & Son. Joseph S. Heuisler soon 
attained a reputation as an able and successful lawyer, his practice being of 
a general character, embracing many of the most important civil and crimi- 
nal cases upon the dockets of the Baltimore court. He was counsel for the 
defense in several famous murder cases, among which were those of Patrick 
McDonald, charged with the murder of Daniel Brown (colored), known as 
the "Cakewalk homicide" ; William Meeter, charged with the murder of 
John Henry Smith, etc., he being successful in obtaining verdicts of acquit- 
tal in most of them. He was the leading counsel for the defense in the cele- 
brated case of the State versus Mary Snyder, charged with larceny by A. B. 
Sulzbach. The case created considerable excitement in the community and 
was ably argued by Mr. Heuisler, who succeeded in establishing the inno- 
cence of his client, who subsequently sued her accuser for damages, retain- 
ing Mr. Heuisler as her counsel, and obtained a favorable verdict. 

Mr. Heuisler was a man of great sagacity, quick perceptions, sound 
judgment, noble impulses and remarkable force and determination of char- 
acter. In all professions, but more especially the legal, there are exalted 
heights to which genius itself dares scarcely soar, and which can only be 
gained after long years of patient, arduous and unremitting toil, inflexible 
and unfaltering courage. To this proud eminence Mr. Heuisler had risen, 
and in this statement we feel confident we will be sustained by the universal 
opinion of his professional brethren, the best standard of judgment in such 
cases. Mr. Heuisler represented the twelfth ward in the city council for 
two years, and also served one term under Mayor Latrobe as the city 
examiner of titles. His political support was given to Democracy, and, 
being possessed of considerable oratorical ability, was frequently pressed 
into service, being one of the most attractive and popular campaigners in 
the city. 

Mr. Heuisler married, March 29. 1853. Catherine, daughter of the late 
Henry McCann, a well-known educator in the city of Baltimore. Of their 
ten children six are living at the present time (1912) : Charles William, see 
forward ; Margaret P., widow of Frederick C. Cook, who was a well-known 
member of the Baltimore bar, and whose death occurred in December, 
1903 ; Joseph G., a dentist ; Mary A., wife of Francis E. Tormey, an archi- 
tect of Baltimore; Philip I., superintendent of the Emerson Drug Company, 
of Baltimore ; William F., connected with the firm of H. L. Kilner & Com- 
pany, of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Heuisler died at his late home. No. 411 Fryer avenue. Roland 
Park, October 15. 1899, sincerely mourned by a wide circle of friends, the 
memory of his upright life remaining as a blessed benediction to those who 
were his associates. There are some men who take possession of the public 
heart and hold it after they have gone, not by flashes of genius or brilliant 
service, but by kindness and the force of personal character, and by steady 
and persistent good conduct in all the situations and under all the trials of 
life. His industry and energy, his courage and fidelity to principle, are 
illustrated in his career, and brief and imperfect as the sketch necessarily 
is, it falls far short of justice to him if it fails to excite regret that there 
are not more citizens like him in virtue and ability, and gratitude that there 
are some so worthy of honor and of imitation. 

Charles William Heuisler, son of Joseph S. and Catherine (McCann) 



638 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Heuisler. was bom in Baltimore. Maryland, January 11, 1854. He was edu- 
cated at Calvert Hall Academy. Baltimore, and Rock Hill College, Ellicott 
City, Maryland, and was graduated from the latter institution with the class 
of 1872. He read law under his father's preceptorship, attended a course of 
lectures in the law department of Maryland University, and was admitted 
to the bar upon oral examination before the Supreme Bench of Baltimore. 
He then engaged in the practice of law in partnership with his father, this 
connection continuing until the death of the latter. He was appointed judge 
of the Juvenile Court by Governor John Walter Smith, reappointed by Gov- 
ernor Warfield during the spring of 1908. In this position he made a fine 
record, having placed the court over which he presided upon a high stand- 
ard. On April 11, 1908, he was appointed by Governor Crothers as one of 
the judges of the Supreme Bench of Baltimore City, and was subsequently, 
in 1909. elected on the Democratic ticket. For a number of years he has 
been a member of the board of trustees of St. Mary's Industrial School, is 
secretarv of the Particular Council of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, 
and is a member of the Catholic Benevolent League, having as such filled 
all of the offices in St. Pius Council. No. 20. He is also past regent in the 
Royal Arcanum. Mr. Heuisler married, November 15, 1883, Julia, daugh- 
ter of the late Frederick F. Benzinger, a distinguished member of the Balti- 
more bar. 



CLAYTON COLMAN HALL 

Clayton Colman Hall, son of Thomas William and EHzabeth Stickney 
(Ward) Hall, was born in Baltimore in 1847. His father was a merchant, 
and one of the organizers in 1835 of the Merchants' Bank of Baltimore, and 
for a year, during the absence of the president in Europe, was its acting 
president. He served on the board of directors of the Maryland Peniten- 
tiary and was an active member of the Masonic order. Mr. Hall's ancestors 
were English, Welsh and Scotch, and many of them came to America in 
the early days of English colonization and were active in the building up 
and defense of the colonies. 

His early education was gained chiefly under private tutors and from 
home reading. Though his habits and tastes were then, as they have con- 
tinued to be, those of a student, he found it necessary to begin active life at 
the early age of fifteen, when he entered the counting room of a mercantile 
house. Later he adopted the profession of an insurance actuary, and in 
1868 he became actuary of the Maryland Life Insurance Company of Balti- 
more, a position which he held for thirty-three years, when, having been 
admitted to the bar, he resigned in order to engage in general practice as a 
lawyer and consulting actuary. Since 1878 Mr. Hall has been actuary for 
the Insurance Department of Maryland, and he is one of the founders of 
the Actuarial Society of America, organized in New York in 1889. For 
some years he was editor of its Transactions. 

Mr. Hall studied law at the University of Maryland, from which he 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, and in 1902, upon the occa- 
sion of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Johns Hopkins University, in 
which he had been a post-graduate student, he received from that university 
the degree of Master of Arts. For three years, from 1905 to 1907, he was 
lecturer in the Department of Political Economy of the same university 
upon the theory and practice of insurance. 

For a number of years Mr. Hall took an active interest in the military 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 639 

establishment of the State of Maryland, from which he retired in 1892, 
being at that time quartermaster on the staff of Brigadier-General Stewart 
Brown, with the rank of major. Interested also in civic matters, it was 
chiefly through his efforts that a resolution was adopted by the City Council 
of Baltimore in 1893 providing for a commission to consider the establish- 
ment of a complete sewerage system for the city. Work upon the construc- 
tion of such a system, which is probably the greatest engineering work of 
the kind ever undertaken, was finally begun in October, 1906, under the 
direction of Mr. Calvin W. Hendrick as chief engineer. 

In the colonial, or rather provincial, history of Maryland, Mr. Hall 
found an interesting field of study, and it was as the result of his investiga- 
tions that in 1876 the beautiful design of the great seal in use in the Province 
of Maryland from 1648 was restored to the great seal of the State. His 
published works, besides occasional contributions, chiefly on economic sub- 
jects, made to magazines and newspapers, have been : The Great Seal of 
Maryland, an address delivered before the Maryland Historical Society in 
1885 ; The Lords Baltimore and the Maryland Palatinate, lectures delivered 
before the Johns Hopkins University in 1902; and in 1910, Narratives of 
Early Maryland, 16^^-1684, of which he is the editor. 

For thirty-six years Mr. Hall was a vestryman of St. Barnabas' Church 
(now merged with the Cathedral foundation), and for many years was a 
member of the Diocesan Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
Maryland. I\Ir. Hall is a member of the Maryland Historical Society, and 
of its committee on publications. He is also a member of the Society of 
Sons of the Revolution, and of the Society of Colonial Wars. 

In 1895 Mr. Hall married Camilla Ridgely. daughter of the late Thomas 
Hollingsworth Morris, of Baltimore, and granddaughter of the late Hon. 
Reverdy Johnson. They have two children, Clayton Morris and Camilla 
Elizabeth Pemberton Hall. 



THOMAS JEFFERSON EWELL 

Thomas Jeft'erson Ewell, at present State Fire Marshal of Maryland, 
and for almost a quarter of a century a member of the reportorial staff of 
The Baltimore Snu, is descended from one of the earliest of the Colonial 
families. The family name assumed a variety of forms, such as : Youl, 
Youle, Youell, Yuille, Yoel, Ewel, Uell, Yowe'll, Yewell and Yoill, until its 
present form of Ewell was very generally adopted. According to the Eng- 
lish records it is clearly indicated that the Yowells, Yuilles and Ewells were 
of Scotch origin, and also that they were armor-bearing people from a very 
ancient date. 

(I) James Ewell, immigrant ancestor, sold a crop of tobacco in 1688. 
It is not known exactly when he reached Accomac county, Virginia, as this 
is the first mention of him on the records, but as it takes a year and a half to 
sow and harvest a tobacco crop, he must have been there at least that length 
of time, and probably a good deal longer. It is very probable that he was 
from Kent county, England, as Edward Ewell, of Kent, in 1722, left his 
(Jarnes') heirs money. Another reason for this supposition is that nowhere 
else is the name spelled Ewell in English records, save in those of Kent 
county. The Yowells, Yuilles, etc., on the western shore of Virginia, did 
not adopt the spelling of Ewell until the second and third generations, 
although it appears probable that the early Yowells of Northumberland and 
Westmoreland counties were of the same general family as James Ewell, of 



640 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Accomac county, and of his descendants in the tidewater counties, through 
his son Charles, who settled in Lancaster county, about 1709. James Ewell 
lived in Accomac county, almost forty years, and was sixty-three years of 
age at the time of his death. His will was dated August 7, 1703, and proved 
June 7. 1704. His wife. Anne, was fifty-eight years of age at the time his 
will was proved. By his will he left, according to the English custom, the 
bulk of his landed estate to his eldest son, Mark, but his wife, other children 
and grandchildren were also well remembered. Children: i. Mark, see 
forward. 2. George, died without issue, will proved in 1728. 3. Patience. 

4. James. 5. Ann, married Glading. 6. Colonel Solomon, whose will 

was proved in 1734. He married Comfort Taylor, who married (second) 
Charles Stockley. 7. Comfort, married Thomas Tatham and had : Jane and 
Tabitha. 8. Charles, removed to Lancaster county, Virginia, in 1709, and 
had descendants : Mary Ann, married Isaac White ; Charles, married Sarah 
Ball; Solomon, married Eve Taylor; James, married Mary Ewell; James, 
married Sarah Ann Conway : Dr. James, married Margaret Robertson ; Cap- 
tain Charles, of the Revolutionary Army. 

(II) Mark Ewell. eldest son of James and Anne Ewell. married Com- 
fort, daughter of George and Temperance (Anderson) Hope, and niece of 
Colonel William Anderson, whose daughter Naomy married the famous 
Presbyterian preacher, Francis Makemie. His will, which was dated Sep- 
tember 7, 1726, was proven June 6, 1727. Children: i. James. 2. Mark, 
whose will was proved in 1760, married Tabitha Parks, and had: George, 
married Esther C. Merrill and had four children : William ; Sarah ; Ann ; 
Fanny. 3. Ann. 4. Elizabeth, died in 1745. 5. George Hope, see forward. 
6. Sarah. 

(III) George Hope Ewell, son of Mark and Comfort (Hope) Ewell, 
lived to a good old age. His will is dated October 7, 1793, and proven July 
28, 1794. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Absalom Rew. Children: i. 

Mark, see forward. 2. George, married Naomy ; died intestate in 

1822 ; children : Margaret, George, Ann and Sally. 3. James, died without 
issue ; will proved in 1805. 4. Comfort, married Kilman. 5- Solo- 
mon, will proved in 1841. He married and had children: Henry; Polly, 
married James E. Enoch ; Tabitha ; George ; Gilbert P., whose will was 
proved in 1862, married and had eight children. 

(IV) Mark Ewell, son of George Hope and Elizabeth (Rew) Ewell, 
died in 1816. His will is dated April 7, 1815, and proved March 27, 1816. 
He married Amy Parker (?). Children: i. Rev. Captain George Hope, 
see forward. 2. John. 3. Elizabeth, married George Scott and had Mahaly 
P. 4. Polly, married George Ewell, whose will was proved in 1842. and 
had George P.. who married Elizabeth Vessels and had children : Elizabeth 
Ellen ; Parker W. 

(V) Rev. Captain Geoige Hope Ewell, eldest son of Mark (2) and 
Amy (Parker) Ewell, was one of the best known and most distinguished 
of the Virginia Ewells. He was a preacher, patriot and soldier, and during 
his long life in Accomac county as a minister he joined more couples in 
wedlock than any other preacher who ever lived in that county. He died at 
a ripe old age in 1865. During the War of 1812 he was captain of a com- 
pany in the Ninety-ninth Regiment, Virginia Militia, and was in actual 
service from June i to June 6. 181 3. These few days were days of heavy 
fighting, they being engaged in repelling the attack of the British upon the 
settlements on and about Onancock Creek. Six members of the Ewell family 
were engaged in the War of 181 2. The will of Rev. Captain George Hope 
Ewell was dated April 13, 1865, proved December 25, 1865. The name of 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 641 

his first wife has not been preserved; he married (second), in June, 1813, 
Nancy, daughter of Jonathan Fitchett. , Child by first wife : i . Parker. 
Children by second wife : 2. Anne E. 3. Dr. Soren S., a well known medi- 
cal practitioner. 4. Burwell B. 5. Alfred. 6. Jane. 7. Margaret. 8. Rev. 
Daniel Fitchett, see forward. 9. Evelyn. 10. Rev. Thoroughgood C, a 
Methodist Protestant minister. 11. Rev. John Edward Tyson, married 

Arintha S , and had Dr. Oscar B. B., A. Webster, Carvilla B., John, 

Rev. John H. S., George, Minnie B., Oliver and George Roy. 

(VI) Rev. Daniel Fitchett Ewell, D. D., son of Rev. Captain George 
Hope and Nancy (Fitchett) Ewell, removed to Maryland, where he preached 
the Gospel, and was one of the best known ministers in the Maryland 
Methodist Protestant church. He married (first) Mary Ross, of Dorches- 
ter county, Maryland, and (second) Elizabeth Jefferson, also of Dorchester 
county, Maryland. Children by first wife: George R., Mary Ann and 
Clara L. By second wife : Addie J., Thomas Jefiferson, see forward ; Flor- 
ence G. 

(VII) Thomas Jefiferson, son of Rev. Daniel Fitchett and Elizabeth 
(Jefiferson) Ewell, was born in Cecil county, Maryland. His preparatory 
education was acquired in Dorchester county, Maryland, and at Western 
Maryland College. Subsequently he commenced reading law in the office 
of Milbourn & Hayward, of Cambridge, and later with ex-Senator Clement 
Sullivan, also at Cambridge. Robert T. Banks, ex-mayor of Baltimore, 
importer and dealer in Queen's ware, offered Mr. Ewell a position which 
was accepted, remaining with Banks & Sons until they went out of business. 
Mr. Ewell was appointed by Governor Lloyd as chief clerk of the Tobacco 
Warehouse in Baltimore. Not long afterward, Mr. Abell Sr. offered Mr. 
Ewell a position on the reportorial staff of the Baltimore Sun, which he 
accepted, and discharged the responsible duties of this office for almost 
twenty-four years. During this long period he was frequently called upon 
to act as a representative of the paper at political conventions, other meet- 
ings of importance, etc., and assisted notably in building up the reputation 
of the paper with which he was connected. On severing his connection 
with The Sun, he was presented with a "Resolution" setting forth their 
appreciation of his valuable services. 

April 28, 1908, Mr. Ewell was appointed by Governor Crothers State 
Fire Marshal of Maryland, and in April, 1910, he was reappointed, and 
is in office at the present time (1911). He has always given his strong 
and undivided support to the principles of the Democratic party, is a mem- 
ber of the Catholic church, and a member of the Baltimore Country and 
Baltimore Merchants' clubs. He finds his chief recreation in various forms 
of outdoor amusements, holding that a sound mind must of necessity have 
a sound body. While serving as a member of the governor's staff, he was 
given the title and rank of colonel. 

Mr. Ewell married Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Jackson Rob- 
inson, of Dorchester county, Maryland. Children: i. Emmett R. 2. Law- 
rence M., graduated from the Naval Academy in 1906; married Rhoda, 
daughter of J. Emlin-Smith, and has one child, Lawrence. 3. Andrew T. 
4. John R. 5. Thomas Jefferson. 6. William Pitt. 7. Mary Elizabeth. 8. 
Walter W. Abell. 

Mr. Ewell possesses the quickness of the progressive man and is alive 
with the spirit of the times. While he is one of the men of class, his actions, 
talk and general characteristics bespeak him as a man of the people. He has 
some of the quality of stubbornness as well as arbitrariness, but neither 
asserts its force, unless he believes he is in the right, and then he can be 



642 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

very vehement. If Colonel Tom Ewell is your friend you know it. If an 
enemy you know it just the same. 



THOMAS BARTON JONES 

It is men like Thomas Barton Jones, a civil engineer of Baltimore, who 
are intelligent factors in every undertaking, and who help to develop the 
success of all large cities and the country in general. He belongs to that 
distinctively representative class of American men who promote public 
progress in advancing individual prosperity, and whose private interests 
never preclude participation in movements and measures which further the 
general good. Deliberate in his speech, he gets at facts quickly, and his 
decision, which has been forming as the idea has been discussed, is given 
promptly. 

The ancestors of his family came from Wales and from Scotland, and 
the best and most important traits of these hardy nations have been trans- 
mitted in full measure to their descendants. Gabriel Jones, the earliest 
American ancestor of whom we have record, came to this country prior to 
the Revolution, and was distinguished as a lawyer. Many of his descen- 
dants have also won honors in the same profession, and there have been 
five in succession bearing the name of William Strothers Jones, in Win- 
chester, Virginia. 

William Strothers Jones, father of Thomas Barton Jones, was a planter 
at Winchester, Virginia, and died about 1900. He married Mary, daughter 
of Thomas B. Barton, a well-known lawyer of Fredericksburg, Virginia, 
who was of Scotch descent. They had children : Thomas Barton, see for- 
ward; Susan Katherine, married Jeffrey R. Brackett, of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts ; Frederick Brune, resides in Memphis, Tennessee, and married 
Marguerite Houk, of that city. 

Thomas Barton Jones was born in Fredericksburg, Virginia, March 3, 
185 1. His very early years were spent on the plantation of his father, and 
he was then a pupil in the private preparatory school of Judge Coleman, at 
Fredericksburg; at the expiration of four years, he was placed under the 
tuition of Richard Malcolm Johnson, in Baltimore, for another four years, 
then commenced the study of civil engineering. In this capacity he went to 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, South America, in 1870, remained there for one 
year and then returned to Baltimore. Entering the service of the Baltimore 
& Ohio Railroad Company at that time, he continued in it until 1875, when 
he engaged in contract work, his first large undertaking being the Loch 
Raven Dam, which was completed in a very satisfactory manner, and aided 
greatly in establishing the reputation, which it has since that time been his 
pride to maintain. He has constructed thousands of miles of railroad, among 
them being that at Lake Clifton, Lake Ashburton, and the tunnel and bridge 
at Harper's Ferry. He was the senior member and leading spirit in the 
firm of Jones & Thorne from 1882 until 1896, and is now (1911) and for 
a number of years has been a member of the firm of Lane Brothers Company 
& Jones. While Mr. Jones takes a natural interest in all public matters af- 
fecting the welfare of his city, state and country, he has never aspired to 
public office, holding that he was best serving the interests of the community 
by devoting his entire time and attention to the successful furtherance of 
the important contracts which he superintends, and which have such a vital 
bearing upon the commerce and transportation facilities of his country. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 643 

His devotion to business interests does not, however, prevent him from 
taking a rational share of the pleasures afforded by social intercourse, and 
in connection with this side of life he is a member of the Merchants' and 
Baltimore clubs. His political support is given to the Democratic party, 
and he is a member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Jones married, February 14, 1882, Marion Howard, daughter of 
Alexander Dushane, and they have had children : Marion Dushane, Cath- 
erine Barton and Eleanor Howard. 

The leading characteristics of Mr. Jones are indomitable perseverance 
in any undertaking in which he embarks, boldness of operation in the 
projects he has conceived, an unusual capacity for judging correctly the 
motives and merits of men, and his integrity and loyalty to his friends. 
His accurate estimate of men has enabled him to fill the many branches of 
his business with men who seldom fail to meet his expectations. His man- 
ner is genial and ever courteous, and his friends are numerous and faithful. 



SEARS STERETT McKIM 

Sears Sterett McKim, who by his own honorable exertions and moral 
attributes has carved out for himself friends, affluence and position, and by 
the strength and force of his own character overcome obstacles which to 
others less hopeful and less courageous would seem insurmountable, is a 
native of Baltimore, Maryland, born November 2. 1864, son of Isaac and 
Louisa B. (Church) McKim (the latter a descendant of John Alden), 
and grandson of William and Margaret (Hollins) McKim, and great-grand- 
son of William D. and Susan (Haslett) McKim. 

William D. McKim was a native of Baltimore, and his wife of Caro- 
line county, Maryland. William McKim was a native of Baltimore, and 
his wife was a daughter of John Smith Hollins, late mayor of Baltimore. 
Isaac McKim was a native of Baltimore, and died in Galveston, Texas, 
December 25, 1872; his wife was a daughter of Royal and Ann (Alden) 
Church, and a native of Baltimore. Isaac and Louisa B. (Church) McKim 
had three children: i. Alexander, died in 1884; rnarried Elise Latrobe. 
2. Louisa, married Davis Murdoch ; child, Louisa McKim. 3. Sears Sterett, 
see forward. 

Sears Sterett McKim attended private schools in Baltimore, and at the 
age of fifteen years went to work for D. C. Woods & Company, shippers 
and commission merchants, of Baltimore, where he remained for two years, 
when he entered the employ of McKim & Company, bankers, of Baltimore, 
later becoming a member of the firm, which connection continued until the 
dissolution of the firm in 1907. The following year he was appointed by 
Governor Crothers a member of the board of liquor license of Baltimore, 
serving as president, which position he still retains, having been reap- 
pointed in 1910. The liquor interests, as well as the State and city offi- 
cials, admit his careful conduct of the position and conscientious regard 
to his obligations. 

Mr. McKim is well and favorably known in local financial circles, pos- 
sessing as complete knowledge of local investment banking as any man in 
the city, and it was this that largely recommended him to the Commercial 
and Farmers' National Bank to fill the cashiership of that institution, which 
office Mr. McKim declined. He is a member of Emmanuel Episcopal Church 
of Baltimore. He is a member of the Baltimore Club and of the Mer- 



644 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

chants* Club of Baltimore, having been treasurer of the latter since 1905, 
and its chairman, in the latter capacity directing the management of the 
meeting place for nearly all merchants of the city. 

Mr. McKim married, February 3, 1886, in Baltimore, Mary Howard, 
born in Baltimore, daughter of Wesley A. and Rebecca Jane (Trump) 
Tucker. Children, born in Baltimore: i. Mary Sterett, married Lieutenant 
John Alden Crane, United States army ; child : John Alden Crane Jr. 2. 
Alexander. 



HENRY ALBERT PARR 

The name of Parr is one which has been frequently distinguished in 
professional, military, financial and commercial circles, and its bearer in 
the present generation, Henry Albert Parr, of Baltimore, is a fitting and 
worthy representative of the dominant family traits. The branch to which 
he belongs has been domiciled in this country for a number of generations, 
and his direct ancestors have been prominently identified with the grain 
export trade and other important industries. 

(I) James Parr, great-grandfather of Henry Albert Parr, married 
Tamar Malsby. 

(II) David, son of James and Tamar (Malsby) Parr, was born Feb- 
ruary 27, 1786, died of the cholera September 8, 1832. He married Mar- 
garet AIcDogan. Children : Fannie E., James L., John Elisha, Israel M., 
see forward. 

(III) Israel M.. son of David and Margaret (McDogan) Parr, was 
born in Baltimore, Maryland, September 27, 1822, died August i, 1901. 
Were the historian to attempt to characterize in a single sentence the 
achievements of Mr. Parr it could perhaps best be done in the words : The 
splendid success of an honest man in whose life marked business ability 
and humanitarianism were well-balanced forces. His education was ac- 
quired in the public schools of his native city, and he graduated from the 
Baltimore City College in 1837. In less than a year afterward he became 
a clerk in the grocery house of William McDonald & Son, and was con- 
tinuously identified with this line of industry in various branches until his 
death. The above-mentioned firm was organized prior to 17QO, when it 
transacted its affairs under the style of George A. Richardson & Company, 
which title was retained until the death of Mr. Richardson. Some years 
subsequent to this event Mr. Parr was admitted to a partnership in the firm, 
and upon the death of Mr. McDonald in 1846 he organized the firm of 
McConkey & Parr, the former having also been a clerk in the employ of 
William McDonald & Son. Upon the death of Mr. McConkey, Mr. Parr 
acquired all the interests of the concern and conducted the business under 
the name of I. M. Parr. Under his able management it was extended in 
various directions and grew to large proportions. For a number of years 
he was the president of the Baltimore Elevator Company, which leased the 
elevators of the Northern Central railway at Canton in 1876, and at that 
point handled all the grain received there by the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company. He was one of the first in the field to see and appreciate the 
importance of making Baltimore a grain exporting city, realizing fully the 
increase of business which would be brought to the port, and was active in 
developing it in this direction. About 1880 Mr. Parr admitted his son, 
Henry Albert, to the firm, under the name of I. M. Parr & Son. He was 
interested in a number of other manufacturing and financial enterprises, 




Sl^^_^--^ 




HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 645 

and occupied a variety of positions of trust and honor. He was one of the 
organizers of the Baltimore Corn and Flour Exchange in 1843, and served 
as president for several years. As president of the Baltimore Board of 
Trade his executive ability enabled him to render excellent service to that 
body. For some years he was a member of the board of directors of the 
Farmers' and Merchants' Bank of Baltimore, his son, Henry A., succeed- 
ing him. His fraternal affiliations were with the Free and Accepted Masons 
and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and he was a member of the 
Maryland and Elkridge Fox Hunting clubs. Noble in character, kind, gen- 
tle and just, his entire life was a consistent display of those virtues which 
it was his distinct aim to instill in the minds of others. 

Mr. Parr married Mary B. Pope. Children: i. Henry Albert, see 
forward. 2. Mary, born December 22, 1848. 3. Charles Edward, born 
June 21, 1852; married, July 26, 1883, Helen V. McKew ; children: Charles, 
Mary, Katherine, and George Mittenberger. 4. Ella, born October 4, 1854, 
married, November 11, 1879, Frederick F. Reese, assistant bishop of Geor- 
gia. 5. William F., born July 20, 1856; unmarried. 6. Margaret, born Oc- 
tober I, 1858; married, June 8. 1886, Herbert Hooper. 

(IV) Henry Albert, eldest child of Israel M. and Mary B. (Pope) 
Parr, was born in Baltimore, February 19, 1847. He was educated at St. 
James' College, Hagerstown, Maryland, in the most careful manner. Upon 
the outbreak of the Civil War, as his father considered him too young to 
enter the active service of the army, he sent him abroad, but not before 
he had run away from college with others in his efforts to join the Southern 
army and was captured at Harper's Ferry. He remained abroad until 
the close of the war. When he returned to the United States he entered 
into business with his father, where his keen business methods, sound judg- 
ment and foresight and his progressive ideas proved of inestimable value 
in the furtherance of the interests in which they were engaged. His influ- 
ence was felt in many directions in financial and commercial circles, and 
upon the death of his father he became the head of the firm. For a number 
of years he was identified with every important financial enterprise in Bal- 
timore, and held official position in numerous corporations. Among these 
may be mentioned : President of the Corn and Flour Exchange, the Balti- 
more & Northern Railway Company, the Lubroleine Oil Company, the 
Pikesville, Reisterstown & Emory Grove Electric Railroad ; one of the or- 
ganizers of the Continental Trust Company, and of the Fidelity Trust Com- 
pany, and a director in the same ; directer of the Farmers' and Merchants' 
National Bank of Baltimore, the Baltimore Elevator Company, Maryland 
Trust Company, Mt. Vernon- Woodbury Cotton Duck Company, and other 
business enterprises. He was also president of the Oakland Manufacturing 
Company. Mr. Parr has now retired from all active business. In connec- 
tion with his work for the Baltimore & Northern Railway Company, he 
was a most important factor in consummating the consolidation of the street 
railways of Baltimore, and was a leading spirit in the development of the 
Maryland Telephone Company, in which he held the office of director. He 
was also a member of the Board of Trade of Baltimore, and may with truth 
be considered as a worthy example of public spirit. In 1899 he was one 
of twelve men appointed by President McKinley as commissioner to the 
Paris Exposition. Early in the history of the Fidelity & Deposit Company 
of Maryland Mr. Parr was elected as one of the directors. 

In political matters Mr. Parr has displayed the same activity and sound 
principles which have characterized his business policies. On numerous 
occasions he has placed his time, resources and personal effort at the dis- 



646 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

posal of the political party which he supported. In 1897 he made a vigorous 
fight in favor of the Sound Money policy, being president of the Sound 
Money League of Maryland, although his stand in this instance was the 
cause of his losing a number of friends of long standing. His keen sense 
of justice and right would not, however, permit this fact to influence him in 
the very smallest degree. While Mr. Parr is devoted to his business inter- 
ests, quick to see an emergency and equally quick in devising a plan to 
meet it, he does not permit his business interests to sever him from social 
diversions, and is the center of a large circle of friends. His club affilia- 
tions are and have been with the Maryland, Baltimore Country, Elkridge 
Kennels, Baltimore Yacht, and Rittenhouse, of Philadelphia. It is worthy 
of note that ]\Ir. Parr's father, himself and his son were members of the 
^Maryland Club at the same time. 

'Mr. Parr is a keen lover of nature and all the sports connected with 
an outdoor life. The magnificent estate at Lutherville, known as Meadow- 
vale, which was owned by the Parrs many years and sold by them in 1910, 
was a delightful example of fine cultivation and excellent taste, and was 
considered one of the show places of the section in which it was located. 
There friends were wont to gather and enjoy the open-handed hospitality 
of its owners, and the gracious tact displayed by its mistress was a topic 
of frequent comment. It is but a natural sequence of events that Mr. Parr 
should have obtained an enviable position in the regard of friends and busi- 
ness acquaintances alike, as he has ever proved true to every trust reposed 
in him and faithful to a high standard of manhood. His well-balanced 
nature has ever given him courage to venture where a favorable opportu- 
nity presented itself, and his judgment and energy generally carried him 
to the goal of success. 

Mr. Parr married, June 8, 1876, Harriet A. Howell, and they have 
children: Ral, see forward; Israel M., George Howell, and Henry Al- 
bert Jr. 

(V) Ral Parr, son of Henry Albert and Harriet A. (Howell) Parr, 
was born ]\Iarch 26, 1877, in Philadelphia. He received his early educa- 
tion in George C. Carey's private school, Baltimore, which he attended for 
eight years. September i, 1894, he was sent to a school at Lawrenceville, 
New Jersey, and in 1896 entered Princeton LTniversity with the class of 
1900. In 1897 he engaged in the grain exporting business as a member 
of the firm of I. M. Parr & Sons. In 1904, at the time of the Baltimore fire, 
he went into the insurance business with his brother, Henry Albert Parr Jr., 
the office of the firm being situated at the corner of Charles and Saratoga 
streets. Mr. Parr has already gained considerable prestige as an insurance 
broker, and his reputation for honesty and uprightness is of the very best. 
He is known as a forceful man whose strong and well-balanced views have 
enabled him to accomplish what he has undertaken. He studies his sub- 
ject carefully in the light, views and advice of men in whom he has the 
greatest confidence, but in most matters he may be tritely called an op- 
portunist, for he is quick to see and to act. 

While an alert and enterprising man and one who is wielding a wide 
influence, he does not believe in the concentration of effort on business 
affairs to the exclusion of outside interests, and in his tastes and pursuits 
manifests a breadth of interest and liberality of sentiment not always found, 
nor even expected, in a man of affairs. He devotes much of the time and 
thought of his leisure hours to the rearing and training of horses, his thor- 
oughbreds being exceptionally fine, and objects of admiration to all who 
are privileged to see them. Whether or not Mr. Parr's horses partake of 




(y&Le. 



a 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 647 

the bold and victorious spirit of their master it is impossible to say, but 
certain it is that in the year 1910 they won laurels at Pimlico racetrack and 
added to Mr. Parr's reputation for phenomenal success in whatever he 
undertakes. 

Mr. Parr is a director in the National Building and Supply Company 
and the Oakland IManufacturing Company, also handling insurance for 
United Railways and the Western Maryland Railroad Company. He has 
a just appreciation of the amenities of social life and is a member of the 
Maryland and Elkridge Fox Hunting clubs, the Green Spring Valley Club, 
the Baltimore Yacht Club, the Bachelors' Cotillon and the Travellers Club 
of Paris. He advocates the principles of the Democratic party, and holds 
the rank of colonel on the Governor's stafif. He is a member of the Trin- 
ity (Towson) Protestant Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Parr married, November 29, 1899, in Baltimore, Laura, daughter 
of George C. and Catherine (Key) Jenkins, the former a financier of Bal- 
timore, and the latter a niece of Francis Scott Key, author of the "Star- 
Spangled Banner." The ceremony which united Air. Parr and Miss Jenkins 
was performed by Cardinal Gibbons, the bride being a member of the Roman 
Catholic church. 

Mr. Parr is a man of most attractive personality. In private life his 
amiable and generous disposition has endeared him to hosts of friends. In 
business transactions he exhibits the quick appreciation and prompt deci- 
sion which are as necessary to the successful business man as they are to 
the successful general, but tempered with a courtesy which wins all who 
are brought into contact with him. He is one of those men to whom the 
community looks to advance the interests of his city by maintaining in all 
the relations of life a high standard of citizenship. 



G. FRED KRANZ 

There is in Baltimore to-day no man who more thoroughly understands 
his business, or who better knows how to make it signally and permanently 
successful, than does G. Fred Kranz, the leading musical instrument dealer 
of the Monumental City. Alert, energetic and wisely progressive. Mr. 
Kranz is one of the men who are spreading the prestige of the Gateway 
of the South and causing a business impetus almost unrivaled in the his- 
tory of cities. 

G. Fred Kranz was born April 14, i860, in Baltimore, and is the son 
of George and Wilhelmina Kranz, both natives of Germany. In his native 
land George Kranz was engaged in the shoe business, and in 1837 immi- 
grated to the LTnited States, reaching our shores after a voyage of thirteen 
weeks in an old-fashioned sailing vessel, and made his home in Baltimore. 
For more than sixty years he was a citizen of Baltimore, his death occur- 
ring in 1899. 

G. Fred Kranz passed his boyhood in his native city, receiving his 
education in the public schools and at the City College. L^pon completing 
his course of study he entered the service of the firm of Knabe & Company, 
the well known piano manufacturers, with whom he became thoroughly 
conversant with every detail of the business. For fifteen years he had 
charge of their Baltimore trade, a position to which he was advanced soon 
after entering their service, his strict fidelity and progressive methods speed- 
ily attracting favorable notice and inspiring confidence. 



648 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

In 1897 Mr. Kranz went into business for himself and now has a 
fine establishment on the corner of Charles and Fayette streets, with spa- 
cious show rooms in which all the leading- makes of musical instruments are 
constantly displayed. Undeviating adherence to strict business principles 
and courteous employees have brought success and steadily increasing pros- 
perity. The marked courtesy which prevails in every department has its 
source in the example of the proprietor and in the atmosphere which he has 
created. One of the busiest men in Baltimore, he is never too much occu- 
pied to receive with geniality every one who enters his place of business, 
whether large or small buyers, inquirers or solicitors. The success which 
has attended his enterprise sufficiently demonstrates the quality of his mind 
and the vigor of his physical vitality. Courageous, cheerful, ready, clear 
in judgment, alert to opportunity, untiring in labor and masterly in the 
management of men, he owes his good fortune solely to his own efforts and 
the qualities inherited from his stalwart Teutonic ancestors. 

As a native Baltimorean Mr. Kranz has always taken a deep interest 
in the progress and development of our city, and is ever willing and ready 
to help by voice and influence in the promotion of any movement looking 
to the advancement of Baltimore and the expansion of her trade, com- 
merce and manufactures. Gentle and courteous, yet firm, courageous and 
honest, he is particularly well fitted for affairs requiring executive and ad- 
ministrative ability. He is president of the Workingmen's Building and 
Loan Association, the Kranz-Smith Piano Company, the G. Fred Kranz 
Music Company, and in his own quiet, unostentatious but effective way, is 
widely charitable. He is president of the Musical Art Club and is a mem- 
ber of the Germania Maennerchor, the Harmonie Singing Society, Knights 
of Pythias. Shield of Honor, Heptasophs, Royal Arcanum, Order of Elks, 
Order of Eagles, Order of Odd Fellows, Baltimore Athletic Club, Crescent 
Suburban Club and Country Club of Baltimore County. His political 
affiliations are with the Democrats, and he is a member of the Lutheran 
Church. 

Mr. Kranz married Regina E. France, and they are the parents of 
one daughter, Edna R., who is the wife of Dr. F. W. Gettier. Mrs. Kranz 
is an accomplished home-maker and a charming hostess, presiding with tact 
and grace over the beautiful home on Charles street avenue boulevard. Mr. 
Kranz is a man of domestic tastes, delighting in the companionship of his 
friends, large-hearted and genuinely loyal. These qualities are stamped 
on his strong and kindly face, with its glance at once keen and thoughtful. 
Throughout his life he has chosen that which is worth while, never being 
content with the second best, but advancing steadily toward higher things. 

In answer to a question in regard to methods for reaching the goal 
to which he has himself attained, Mr. Kranz said : "Business success is 
achieved by hard work, energy, continual attention to business and special 
attention to detail." That these are words of wisdom the success which 
has attended Mr. Kranz's efforts furnishes abundant and convincing proof. 
By strict obedience to his own rules he has achieved success with honor to 
himself and the dear old Monumental City whose special pride is in just 
such loval sons as G. Fred Kranz. 



E. DON HOFFMAN 

The purpose of biography is to set forth the conspicuous features in 
man's career in order to determine the motive springs of his conduct 




§Hytv^fjy^ 



CL/*'*^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 649 

and learn from the record that which makes the history worthy of preserva- 
tion. There was nothing spectacular in the life of the late E. Don Hoff- 
man, but the high ideals he entertained of the purposes of life make it an 
example worthy of imitation. Men like Mr. Hoffman are intelligent fac- 
tors in every plan for the development and success of a large city, and 
his life is a happy illustration of the honors and rewards accorded fidelity 
and industry when combined with principles of the highest order. In the 
most important circles of the financial and business world his name was 
recognized as that of a man to be trusted to the utmost, and to transact 
business with him was always considered an eminently satisfactory piece 
of work. 

Ephraim Hoffman, father of our subject, married Caroline E. Horn, 
who is still living (1911) at an advanced age, having survived her hus- 
band. They had children : E. Don, see forward ; Carrie A., who married 
the late Robert D. Clifton ; John D. ; Philip H. ; Carroll B. ; and Conser C. 

E. Don, son of Ephraim Hoffman, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, 
in 1857, ^"d died at his home. No. 2417 Madison avenue, in the same 
city, March 26, 191 1. He received his education in the public schools of 
his native city, and at an early age entered upon the serious business of 
life. He accepted a position in the offices of Shaw Brothers, miners and 
shippers of coal, and his energy and fidelity in the discharge of the duties 
entrusted to him were speedily recognized and earned him promotion from 
grade to grade. The late Alexander Shaw held him in high esteem, and 
Mr. Hoffman became gradually known as one of the best men in his espe- 
cial branch of business in the city. He was a man of upright character 
and strict integrity, and carried out to the letter every agreement, whether 
verbal or in writing, which he made. His executive ability and keen dis- 
crimination enabled him to accomplish successfully whatever enterprise he 
undertook, while his assiduity in business affairs was tempered by a gen- 
erous interest in his fellow citizens. He was chosen to hold official posi- 
tion in many corporations, among these being : Director and treasurer of 
the Century Coal Company of West Virginia ; director and treasurer of 
the National Union Coal Company of Iowa ; director of the Mercantile 
Bank of Baltimore, and also a director of the Free Summer Excursion 
Society. 

Outside of his business affairs and his home, Mr. Hoffman was chiefly 
interested in religious and charitable matters, in which he was one of the 
most active workers. He was for many years a member of the Madison 
Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church, and of the Brotherhood connected 
with that institution. He taught in the' Sunday School of the Milton Ave- 
nue Methodist Episcopal Church, and also in that of the Clifton Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and started gymnasiums in both, partly at his own ex- 
pense, to carry out his ideas of interesting young men in wholesome ath- 
letics. Mr. Hoffman was also connected with many charitable undertakings, 
yet his private benefactions, while numerous, were conducted in so unos- 
tentatious a manner, characteristic of the man, that their extent will never 
be known. Unselfish and invariably kind to all, it was in the home circle 
that his virtues were especially in the foreground, for as a devoted husband 
and loving father he had few equals. Mr. Hoffman married Ida Speake, 
who survives him, and had children : Donald and Mary S. 

Mrs. Hoffman is one of those womanly women who combine high intel- 
lectuality with domestic traits which render the home over which they pre- 
side an ideal one in many respects. She was a true helpmate to her de- 
parted husband, possessing much ability to cope with business problems, and 



650 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

was his confidante and adviser in weighty matters. As a hostess she pos- 
sesses great charm, and is the center of a circle of admiring friends. 



W. EDGE WORTH BIRD 

W. Edgeworth Bird, an honored citizen of Baltimore, where he had 
resided for more than forty years, having been for the greater portion of 
that time a member of the firm of Baxter & Bird, tobacco merchants, was 
one of those men whose influence, quiet but forceful, is felt throughout any 
community of which they may form a part, and whose loss, when death 
removes them from the scene of their activities, is ever deeply lamented. 

W. Edgeworth Bird was born January 30, 1850, in Hancock county, 
Georgia, son of William Edgeworth and Sarah C. Bird. During the Civil 
War ]\Ir. Bird served with the rank of major in the Confederate army, 
dying shortly after peace was restored. In 1869, the son, W. Edgeworth 
Bird, came with his mother and sister to Baltimore, where he entered the 
service of C. W. Field, the commission merchant. After remaining a short 
time he resigned his position and connected himself with the firm of Norvel 
& Baxter, tobacco merchants. His ability and faithfulness were speedily 
recognized and within a few years he was taken into the firm, the name 
being changed to Baxter & Bird. He continued in business, constantly 
widening the field of transactions until the fire of 1904, when he retired, 
the firm's career having been attended by prosperity. His life was well 
rounded and his sympathies extended into many channels of community 
life. As a 3'oung man he was active in social circles, and his influence was 
widely extended. He was one of the first governors of the Monday German 
Club, and continued in that relation until his marriage. He was also one 
of the charter members of the Baltimore Country Club. 

During the remainder of his life Mr. Bird resided quietly at his home 
in Roland Park, finding the joys of the domestic circle and in the society 
of his many friends relaxation from the cares of his business career and a 
reward for its arduous labors. His interests were wide and varied, and no 
cause having for its object the advancement of his community or the wel- 
fare of humanity failed to meet with his sympathy and support. He was 
for twenty-five years an elder and clerk of sessions at the Franklin Street 
Presbyterian Church, in the work of which he was ever deeply interested. 

yir. Bird married, in February, 1877, Imogen, daughter of the late 
Andrew and Fanny B. Reid, of Baltimore. Mr and Mrs. Bird were the 
parents of four sons and one daughter : The Rev. Andrew Reid Bird, 
minister of the Second Presbyterian Church, Washington, D. C. ; W. Edge- 
worth Jr., died June, 1898; Brooke G. ; Fielding Lewis; Sallie. Mr, Bird, 
whose strong domestic sentiments were, perhaps, the most beautiful trait 
in his character, ever found, his highest happiness in the family circle. His 
marriage was an exceptionally ideal one. His wife was truly the light of 
his home, endeared to all by her graceful presence and gracious personality, 
while her actively benevolent disposition recalled the philanthropy which 
caused the name of her father to be so widely honored. 

^Ir. Bird died at his home January 19, 1910, after a brief illness. It 
was universally felt that the city had lost a man whose probity of char- 
acter and stainless record would prove an inspiration to every American ; 
one whose heart had ever been in sympathy with the sorrows of the un- 
fortunate and his hand ever ready to alleviate distress. All felt that, while 




yj^s.ss. 



^rd^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 651 

it was impossible to do justice to his memory in words, that he needed no 
eulogy ; the simple record of his life told its own story. 

Mr. Bird was survived not only by his wife and children, but also by 
his venerable mother, who, in a life not unmarked by vicissitude and trial, 
had preserved a loveliness of character and an unfaltering fortitude which 
won the affection and respect of all privileged to know the simple and beau- 
tiful story of her many years. Mrs. Bird was born in Georgia, where she 
spent her girlhood and also resided after her marriage in 1848. Soon after 
the death of her husband she came with her son and daughter to Baltimore, 
where the remainder of her life was passed. She was a member of Frank- 
lin Street Presbyterian Church, and in her more active years took an efifii- 
cient part in the many benevolent enterprises of the city. Few women have 
known intimately so many distinguished men of the South. In her youth 
she was acquainted with the Southern poets, Paul Hamilton Hayne and 
Henry Temrod, and during her residence in Baltimore, James R. Randall 
and Sidney Lanier were familiar guests in her home. The Southern states- 
men, Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stephens and General John C. Breck- 
inridge ; the diplomat, Dr. J. L. M. Curry; the well-known humorist, Colonel 
Richard Malcolm Johnston ; the scientist, Dr. Joseph Leconte, afterward 
of the L^niversity of California ; that distinguished divine of the old school, 
the Rev. Benjamin Palmer, of New Orleans — these and many others were 
her intimate friends. Her home on East Mount Vernon Place was for 
more than a generation the seat of an elegant and cultured hospitality, and 
among her guests have been many distinguished in literature and music. In 
1875, when Sidney Lanier was lecturing on the "Science of English Verse" 
at Johns Hopkins University and playing iirst flute in the old Peabody 
orchestra, he was a welcome and intimate companion in her charming 
household. His first series of lectures on the English poets were deliv- 
ered in her parlor, and among the most cherished associations of Mount 
Vernon Place are the recollections of Lanier. In his day he was the spirit 
of the intellectual and artistic circles of the city, and his memory and poems 
are still fresh in the hearts of the people. Mrs. Bird never rallied from 
the shock occasioned by the death of her only son, whom she survived but 
a few weeks, dying in 1910. In her death the society of Baltimore lost a 
charming presence, one who had been for more than forty years its bright- 
est ornament, and to the South was lost one of the few remaining links in 
the chain which connects it with the illustrious past. 



DUNCAN VEAZEY 

Among the members of the Baltimore bar whose abilities have brought 
them into prominence within the last thirty-five years is Duncan V^eazey, 
now Auditor of Customs, and the incumbent in the past of offices of public 
trust and honor. Mr. Veazey is a representative of one of the most ancient 
families of Cecil county, for more than two centuries conspicuously iden- 
tified with the public interests and bearing the following coat-of-arms : 
Arms : Ermine, on a cross sable five martlets, or. Crest : An arm embowed, 
couped at the shoulder, erect from the elbow, habited gules, cuff ermine 
holding in the hand proper five leaves slipped vert. 

John Veazey, founder of the Maryland branch of the family, was 
■of the Veseys of Wickes, county of Essex, England, derived from the 
family of Vescey or Vesy. of Hintlesham, county of Suffolk, England. 
In the latter part of the seventeenth century John Veazey immigrated to 



654 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

served his day and generation, Mr. Veazey's own record of professional 
achievement and honorable public service worthily supplements the annals 
of the past. 



VERNON COOK 



One of the most prominent of Baltimore's younger lawyers, who are 
maintaining the high standard set for the bar of the Monumental City by 
the legal luminaries of the past, is Vernon Cook, of the firm of Gans & 
Haman, one of the leading law firms of Maryland and of the South. Mr. 
Cook is of mingled English and French blood, and in his character presents 
a harmonious combination of the dominant traits of the two races. 

James Cook, the first ancestor of record, came to this country from 
England with a company of the followers of William Penn and settled in 
the province of Pennsylvania. 

Archibald Cook, a descendant of James Cook, and the great-grand- 
father of Vernon Cook, was one of those heroes who risked all that was 
dearest to them in the maintenance of the rights of the colonies against the 
oppression of the home government, serving in the Pennsylvania line dur- 
ing the long, and at times seemingly hopeless, struggle for independence. 

Isaac P. Cook was a son of Archibald Cook, and a prominent clergy- 
man of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Henry Furlong Cook, son of Isaac P. Cook, married Catherine Eugenia, 
daughter of John R. Jarboe, of Baltimore, and a descendant of Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Jarboe, who came from France, where the family is well 
known, and settled in Maryland during the colonial period. Henry Fur- 
long Cook was born in 1832, and lived to the age of sixty-five, his death 
occurring in 1897. 

Vernon Cook, son of Henry Furlong and Catherine Eugenia (Jarboe) 
Cook, was born February 4, 1870, in Baltimore. He received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of his native city, whence he passed to the 
Baltimore City College, graduating in 1887, first in his class, with vale- 
dictory honors and winner of the first Peabody prize. He then entered 
Johns Hopkins University, receiving in 1890 the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, and again graduating first in his class. His professional training was 
received at the Law School of the University of Maryland, from which 
he graduated in 1892. The same year he was admitted to the bar and be- 
gan practice with the firm of Gans & Haman. During the years that have 
since elapsed Mr. Cook has built up for himself a large and lucrative con- 
nection and has gained by learning, ability and fidelity to duty, a most 
honorable place in the ranks of his professional brethren. Evenness and 
poise are among his characteristics, he is strong in reasoning and for- 
midable in argument, a dependable man in any emergency. His success is 
due to no inherited fortune, but to his own sturdy will, steady application, 
tireless industry and sterling integrity. 

Both in and out of his profession Mr. Cook is a man of marked ability, 
possessing original and decided views on all subjects which he enforces with 
clear and cogent reasoning. He is a wide reader, maintaining, despite the 
engrossing nature of his profession, an active interest in literature and 
philosophy, and is a discriminating critic of both poetry and prose. So- 
cially, intellectually and professionally he occupies a position which places 
him afnong the most highly esteemed of Maryland's representative men. 
He is a member of the Maryland State Bar Association, the Bar Association 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 655 

of Baltimore City, the University, Johns Hopkins and Maryland Country 
clubs and the Greek letter fraternity, Beta Theta Phi, of Johns Hopkins 
University. His political affiliations are with the Republican party, and he 
attends the Protestant Episcopal church. 

Mr. Cook married. February 2, 1898, Jessie Rogers Kellinger, of an old 
Baltimore family, and they are the parents of two children : Jessie Mar- 
jorie. born in 1899; Vernon Jarboe, born in 1905. Mrs. Cook is a devoted 
wife and mother, a charming woman and a popular hostess, and the home 
over which she presides is a scene of cultured and refined hospitality. 

Of strong presence and dignified bearing, with manners invariably 
courteous and afifable, with a clear, keen glance and a countenance ex- 
pressive at once of the scholar and the man of action, the thinker and the 
executant, Mr. Cook is a true type of the flower of the legal profession, the 
members of the Baltimore bar. 



JOHN LAUER 



Among the men, whose lives and personal exertions have done so much 
toward the material and commercial prosperity of Baltimore, it may be well 
doubted if any deserve a more honorable mention than the late John Lauer, 
the well known manufacturer of candy, a pioneer in the candy business in 
Baltimore, and president of the Lauer & Suter Candy Company. 

John Lauer was born in Baltimore county, Maryland, April 26, 1845. 
At that time educational facilities in the country districts were far infe- 
rior to what they are now, and after a brief schooling he was apprenticed 
as a candy maker in Baltimore, to which city his parents had moved. He 
learned his trade in the factory of Clarke & Jones, the firm being still in 
existence, and stayed with them for five years, learning everything given 
him to learn, and acquiring all information that related to the art of candy 
making, with the result that he was thoroughly grounded in the art and 
science of his business. From the firm of Clarke & Jones he went to that 
of Cole & Johnson and stayed with them until June 20, 1863, when he en- 
listed as a private in Company G of the loth Maryland Regiment of the 
Union army. His regiment did not get anywhere near the real seat of 
operations and when, on January 29th, of the following year he received 
his discharge he did not re-enlist in the same command. Instead, he chose 
the artillery, hoping that he would have the chance to smell powder, enlist- 
ing in Battery D of the ist Maryland Light Artillery, but his hopes of get- 
ting to the front were shattered, along with those of other young men who 
wanted to get into the war. It will be remembered that some of the hot- 
headed young soldiers of the ist Maryland Light Artillery, tired of form- 
ing a part of the reserve, wrote a petition to the Secretary of War, asking 
that they be sent to the front. Mr. Lauer was one of the men who signed 
that petition, and it is still filed away in the archives of the War Depart- 
ment. But the Secretary of War wrote back, over his own signature, that 
when the time came they would be sent to the front, and that in the mean- 
time they should be good soldiers and stay where they were. 

On June 24, 1865, the war over, the artillery regiment was mustered 
out of the service and Mr. Lauer returned home. After all his ardor and 
all his dutiful devotion to the colors, he had not been under fire once, and 
with others, it was one of the regrets of his life that he had to stay in 
the rear waiting for the call instead of being one of those who made the 
call for reserves necessary. On his return to Baltimore Mr. Lauer did 



654 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

served his day and g-eneration. Mr. Veazey's own record of professional 
achievement and honorable public service worthily supplements the annals 
of the past. 



VERNON COOK 

One of the most prominent of Baltimore's younger lawyers, who are 
maintaining the high standard set for the bar of the Monumental City by 
the legal luminaries of the past, is Vernon Cook, of the firm of Gans & 
Haman. one of the leading law firms of Maryland and of the South. Mr, 
Cook is of mingled English and French blood, and in his character presents 
a harmonious combination of the dominant traits of the two races. 

James Cook, the tirst ancestor of record, came to this country from 
England with a company of the followers of William Penn and settled in 
the province of Pennsylvania. 

Archibald Cook, a descendant of James Cook, and the great-grand- 
father of \'ernon Cook, was one of those heroes who risked all that was 
dearest to them in the maintenance of the rights of the colonies against the 
oppression of the home government, serving in the Pennsylvania line dur- 
ing the long, and at times seemingly hopeless, struggle for independence. 

Isaac P. Cook was a son of Archibald Cook, and a prominent clergy- 
man of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Henry Furlong Cook, son of Isaac P. Cook, married Catherine Eugenia, 
daughter of John R. Jarboe, of Baltimore, and a descendant of Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Jarboe, who came from France, where the family is well 
known, and settled in Maryland during the colonial period. Henry Fur- 
long Cook was born in 1832, and lived to the age of sixty-five, his death 
occurring in 1897. 

Vernon Cook, son of Henry Furlong and Catherine Eugenia (Jarboe) 
Cook, was born February 4, 1870, in Baltimore. He received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of his native city, whence he passed to the 
Baltimore City College, graduating in 1887, first in his class, with vale- 
dictory^ honors and winner of the first Peabody prize. He then entered 
Johns Hopkins University, receiving in 1890 the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, and again graduating first in his class. His professional training was 
received at the Law School of the University of Maryland, from which 
he graduated in 1892. The same year he was admitted to the bar and be- 
gan practice with the firm of Gans & Haman. During the years that have 
since elapsed Mr. Cook has built up for himself a large and lucrative con- 
nection and has gained by learning, ability and fidelity to duty, a most 
honorable place in the ranks of his professional brethren. Evenness and 
poise are among his characteristics, he is strong in reasoning and for- 
midable in argument, a dependable man in any emergency. His success is 
due to no inherited fortune, but to his own sturdy will, steady application, 
tireless industry and sterling integrity. 

Both in and out of his profession Mr. Cook is a man of marked ability, 
possessing original and decided views on all subjects which he enforces with 
clear and cogent reasoning. He is a wide reader, maintaining, despite the 
engrossing nature of his profession, an active interest in literature and 
philosophy, and is a discriminating critic of both poetry and prose. So- 
cially, intellectually and professionally he occupies a position which places 
him afnong the most highly esteemed of Maryland's representative men. 
He is a memlx;r of the Maryland State Bar Association, the Bar Association 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 655 

of Baltimore City, the University, Johns Hopkins and Maryland Country 
clubs and the Greek letter fraternity, Beta Theta Phi, of Johns Hopkins 
University. His political affiliations are with the Republican party, and he 
attends the Protestant Episcopal church. 

Mr. Cook married, February 2, 1898, Jessie Rogers Kellinger, of an old 
Baltimore family, and they are the parents of two children : Jessie Mar- 
jorie, born in 1899; Vernon Jarboe, born in 1905. Mrs. Cook is a devoted 
wife and mother, a charming woman and a popular hostess, and the home 
over which she presides is a scene of cultured and refined hospitality. 

Of strong presence and dignified bearing, with manners invariably 
courteous and affable, with a clear, keen glance and a countenance ex- 
pressive at once of the scholar and the man of action, the thinker and the 
executant, Mr. Cook is a true type of the flower of the legal profession, the 
members of the Baltimore bar. 



JOHN LAUER 



Among the men, whose lives and personal exertions have done so much 
toward the material and commercial prosperity of Baltimore, it may be well 
doubted if any deserve a more honorable mention than the late John Lauer, 
the well known manufacturer of candy, a pioneer in the candy business in 
Baltimore, and president of the Lauer & Suter Candy Company. 

John Lauer was born in Baltimore county, Maryland, April 26, 1845. 
At that time educational facilities in the country districts were far infe- 
rior to what they are now, and after a brief schooling he was apprenticed 
as a candy maker in Baltimore, to which city his parents had moved. He 
learned his trade in the factory of Clarke & Jones, the firm being still in 
existence, and stayed with them for five years, learning everything given 
him to learn, and acquiring all information that related to the art of candy 
making, with the result that he was thoroughly grounded in the art and 
science of his business. From the firm of Clarke & Jones he went to that 
of Cole & Johnson and stayed with them until June 20, 1863, when he en- 
listed as a private in Company G of the loth Maryland Regiment of the 
Union army. His regiment did not get anywhere near the real seat of 
operations and when, on January 29th, of the following year he received 
his discharge he did not re-enlist in the same command. Instead, he chose 
the artillery, hoping that he would have the chance to smell powder, enlist- 
ing in Battery D of the ist Maryland Light Artillery, but his hopes of get- 
ting to the front were shattered, along with those of other young men who 
wanted to get into the war. It will be remembered that some of the hot- 
headed young soldiers of the ist Maryland Light Artillery, tired of form- 
ing a part of the reserve, wrote a petition to the Secretary of War, asking 
that they be sent to the front. Mr. Lauer was one of the men who signed 
that petition, and it is still filed away in the archives of the War Depart- 
ment. But the Secretary of War wrote back, over his own signature, that 
when the time came they would be sent to the front, and that in the mean- 
time they should be good soldiers and stay where they were. 

On June 24, 1865, the war over, the artillery regiment was mustered 
out of the service and Mr. Lauer returned home. After all his ardor and 
all his dutiful devotion to the colors, he had not been under fire once, and 
with others, it was one of the regrets of his life that he had to stay in 
the rear waiting for the call instead of being one of those who made the 
call for reserves necessary. On his return to Baltimore Mr. Lauer did 



656 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

not re-enter the candy business. He decided to go to the South that he 
was to see in the haze of peace instead of the smoke of battle, and he ac- 
cordingly set forth. In those days of the South there was not much demand 
for candv. Plain food was all the people wanted and he accordingly found 
no work 'at his trade. He obtained employment at various things, working 
in lumber mills and camps and this he followed for several years before 
returning to Baltimore, where he went to work as a candy maker for John 
Henderson & Company, another concern that has passed away. He stayed 
here for several years, following his trade, and then finally decided to 
branch out into the business for himself. 

Before doing so he married Mary Conoway, a gracious and tactful 
woman, who aided him in the management of his business. 

His first factory was in a cellar on Wolfe street, in the eastern part 
of the city. Prospering here, he concluded that an expansion would be a 
good venture. He accordingly associated himself in partnership with Henry 
Trautv. now a member of the Trauty-Baquol Company, and these two built 
up a business considered fair in those days. In 1885 he and Mr. Trauty 
dissolved partnership and Mr. Lauer went into business alone and under 
his own name. The plant he then had was on Camden street and business 
grew until another chance for expansion arrived. J. W. J. Suter, the pres- 
ent principal member of the company, had been with him as an employee 
for several years and Mr. Lauer decided to take him into partnership. The 
new firm of Lauer & Suter moved from its plant on Camden street to 
Frederick street and proceeded to build up a large business. This business 
was so successful that the concern was already thinking of enlarging its 
factory when the disastrous fire of 1904 wiped out the Frederick street 
plant. Even before the ruins of his burnt building had cooled he purchased, 
on behalf of his company, a large building on Block street and telegraphed 
for carloads of new machinery. At that time all of his employees assisted 
in equipping the new factory, and it was one of the first large manufac- 
turing plants to resume operation after the fire. By his own honorable 
exertions he carved out for himself friends, affluence and position. Scrupu- 
lously honorable in all his dealings with mankind, he bore a reputation for 
public and private integrity ; ever approachable and genial, he had the happy 
faculty of winning friends wherever he went. Mr. Lauer was a member of 
Warren Lodge, No. 51, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; Shield of 
Honor, and Wilson Post Grand Army of the Republic. He desired suc- 
cess and rejoiced in the benefits and opportunities which wealth bring, but 
he was too broad-minded a man to rate it above its true value, and in all 
of his business undertakings he found that enjoyment which comes in mas- 
tering a situation, the joy of doing what he undertook. 

Mr. Lauer died suddenly at his home, No. 703 Newington avenue, Bal- 
timore. August 28, 1 910. He is survived by his widow, Mary M. (Cono- 
way) Lauer, and only daughter, Mary H., wife of James A. Clark. 

As a business man, in many respects he was a model. The goal of 
his ambition was success, but success must needs be built on a basis of truth 
and honor. He scorned deceit and duplicity, and would not palliate false 
representations, either in his own employ or among his customers or cor- 
respondents. No amount of gain could allure him from the undeviating 
line of rectitude. Justice and equity he regarded as the cornerstone of the 
temple of trade, without which it could not stand. He w^as a type of the 
Baltimore merchant of whom Baltimore is justly proud, whose enterprise 
and integrity have not only developed the trade of the city but given it an 
enviable reputation for fair dealing and honorable methods. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 657 



THEODORE COOKE SR. 

Dr. Theodore Cooke, one of the ablest and most honored of Balti- 
more's medical practitioners, among whom he has been numbered for more 
than half a century, is a representative of a family which since a very early 
period has been identified with the history of Baltimore county and has 
contributed largely to its real estate and agricultural interests. 

Israel Cooke, father of Dr. Cooke, was born in Baltimore county, and 
all his life followed the calling of a farmer, combining with this transac- 
tions in real estate. Prominent as an agriculturist and a business man, he 
was, perhaps, best known by his connection with the Methodist Episcopal 
church. His home was the favorite stopping place for ministers who felt 
that they could always rely upon him for co-operation in every undertak- 
ing for the benefit of the cause. He served the congregation as steward 
and for many years was superintendent of the Sunday school. He mar- 
ried Arietta, daughter of Henry Clark, and a native of Maryland. Their 
children were: i. Mary J., married Daniel Cornelius and died at about 
sixty years of age. 2, Theodore, mentioned below. 3. Octavius A., a tal- 
ented physician and surgeon, who had a large general practice and died in 
Baltimore in 1888, aged forty-six years; he was also surgeon to the Balti- 
more and Ohio railroad. 4. Adolphus A., who engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness in Baltimore until his death, which occurred in his forty-sixth year. 
5. Alonzo Walsingham, a merchant of Baltimore, and formerly the partner 
of his brother. Adolphus A. 6. Edgar S., who died at twenty-two years of 
age. 7. Fannie E. Mrs. Cooke was a woman intensely devoted to her 
home, her family and her friends. Her household she managed with 
consummate skill and her kindness to visitors was always cherished in the 
grateful recollections of those who were fortunate enough to enjoy her hos- 
pitality. Mr. Cooke attained the age of eighty and passed away in July, 
1889, leaving the memory of a life in all respects worthy of emulation. 

Theodore Cooke, son of Israel and Arietta (Clark) Cooke, was born 
October 25, 1838, and received his early education in the local public schools 
whence he passed to Greenlane Academy, Baltimore county. He began his 
medical studies under the guidance of Professor J. R. Dunbar, M.D., and 
later attended the University of Maryland, graduating in 1859. He im- 
mediately opened an office in Baltimore where he has ever since been en- 
gaged in general practice. His long experience, his professional skill and 
the depth and wide range of his medical studies combine to give him a high 
standing among his professional brethren and a strong hold upon the con- 
fidence of the community. His practice, in the course of fifty-two years, has 
included members of three generations. 

Dr. Cooke is a member of the American and the Baltimore Medical 
associations, the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland and the 
Alumni Association of the University of Maryland. Independent in politics, 
he gives his allegiance to the candidates whom he believes will best repre- 
sent the people. Since the organization of the Civil Service Reform As- 
sociation he has been one of its members. Fraternally he is identified with 
the Knights of Pythias. 

Devoted as he has ever been to the duties of his profession, Dr. Cooke 
has always taken a deep interest in real estate transactions. He is one of 
the largest builders in Baltimore and is now improving property near River- 
side Park and on Maryland Road; also in the vicinity of North avenue 
and Fulton road and on Lanvale and Lafayette avenues. In these neigh- 



658 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

horhoods he is also building extensively. He is the owner of a large farm 
in Prince George county. Maryland, to which he devotes considerable time 
and he has recentlv purchased an extensive estate at Pikesville, Baltimore 
county. This farm, which consists of about two hundred acres, is one of 
the most attractive for miles around, having all the most modern acces- 
sories and improvements. 

Dr. Cooke married, in March, 1867, Sophie, daughter of the late Dr. 
H. \\'. Webster, a phvsician of Baltimore. Mrs. Cooke, who was a member 
of St. Peter's Protestant Episcopal Church, died in 1872, at the age of 
tAventy-seven. She left two sons, Theodore, a sketch of whom follows; 
Harrv Webster, graduated in 1891 from Johns Hopkins University and is 
now an attornev'in Baltimore. He married Caroline Stevenson. Sophie, 
the onlv daughter of Dr. Cooke by his first marriage, is the wife of Francis 
H. Waters, "an architectural engineer of Baltimore, and they have four 
children. Francis H.; Sophie Marguerite, died August 19, 1897, at the age 
of one year; Theodore Cooke; Rosearle Webster. In 1880 Dr. Cooke mar- 
ried Sarah B.. daughter of the Rev. Sheridan Guiteau, and a native of 
Baltimore. Margue'rite, the only child born of this union, died at the age 
of three months. 

Dr. Cooke is a man of strongly marked characteristics, firm and un- 
yielding in all that he believes to be right, yet of most courteous manners 
and having a high appreciation of the good qualities of others. It is said 
that the poet is bom, not made, but the successful physician has to be both 
bom and made, made by close application, earnest effort, indomitable per- 
severence and resolute purpose. It is by the exercise of these qualities, 
joined to a high degree of natural ability, that Dr. Cooke has attained the 
eminent and honored position which he has so long occupied among the 
physicians of Baltimore. 



THEODORE COOKE JR. 

Dr. Theodore Cooke Jr., while still a young man with many years of 
usefulness before him, has already distinguished himself to a remarkable 
extent in the medical profession, not alone by his careful treatment of the 
cases he has had in charge, but by the high principles which have been his 
guide in all phases of life. With all the elements of a strong character 
he is eminently fitted to assume and hold the duties of a responsible position, 
and it was while in the execution of these duties that he became aware of 
abuses which his strong sense of right and justice would not permit him 
to tolerate, and which has involved him in a controversy which will be 
spoken of at length further on in this sketch. Dr. Cooke is the son of 
Dr. Theodore and Sophie (Webster) Cooke. 

He was born in Baltimore, Maryland, December 15, 1868, and from his 
earliest years evinced a desire for study which has never deserted him, and 
which has been the foundation of his successful career. After an excellent 
elementary and preparatory education. Dr. Cooke matriculated at the Johns 
Hopkins University, and was graduated in the class of 1889, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. He then became a student in the Medical 
School of the University of Maryland, from which he was graduated with 
the highest honors of his class and the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He 
possesses many of the qualities of a great military commander, and his work 
is always undertaken in a most systematic manner, thus achieving the best 
and most successful results. He established himself in the practice of his 





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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 659 

profession in the city of Baltimore, and as he was thoroughly conversant 
with the details of his profession, it was not long before his reputation be- 
came an established one, and the number of his patients constantly increased. 
As a man of strong and clear convictions, which were the result of inde- 
pendent thought and constant and careful study, it is but natural that he 
should forge to the front rank in his profession, and attract the attention 
of those best fitted to judge of such matters. He was elected president of 
the Physicians' Section of the American Prison Congress, and a director 
of the same, and was appointed attending physician at the Maryland Peni- 
tentiary, a position he filled conscientiously for a period of eighteen years. 
While discharging the duties of this ofiice he became well acquainted with 
the prisoners and the manner in which the affairs of the penitentiary were 
conducted, and became aware of many existing abuses, connected with the 
treatment of the inmates. This led to his getting in a controversy with the 
warden and eventually his leaving the institution. It was in 1907 that Dr. 
Cooke first became impressed with the seriousness of the situation and insti- 
tuted certain charges that became the source of a controversy which was 
continued for many months. In the meantime, Dr. Cooke had gathered 
additional material as a foundation on which to base his accusations, and 
April 28, 1910, he presented his original charges together with additional 
ones, to the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland. This proceed- 
ing directed renewed attention to this important matter, and the state offi- 
cials took it up, and are engaged in an investigation of the charges at the 
present time. At the time that Dr. Cooke preferred the charges he resigned 
as physician of the penitentiary, so that he was enabled to act in a free and 
untrammeled manner. He is a member of the Baltimore Medical Associa- 
tion, Alumni Association of the University of Maryland, Clinical Society 
of Baltimore, the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland and Balti- 
more Country Club. 

Dr. Cooke married May, daughter of Henry Clark, of Baltimore, and 
they have had children : i. May Virginia, born September 4, 1895 ; is now 
a pupil at St. Joseph's Academy, Emmitsburg. 2. Sophie Dorothy, born 
January 6, 1899, is now a pupil at St. Joseph's Academy. 3. Caroline 
Gladys, bom August i, 1901, died in infancy. 4. Theodore, born March 
I, 1903, attends the public school. 5. Henry, born March 2, 1907. In- 
heriting the admirable traits of his forbears, whose home life was almost 
ideal, we find a similar state of affairs in the domestic circle of Dr. Cooke, 
where refinement and intellectuality are the guiding spirits. His social posi- 
tion is on a par with his professional standing, and his affable and genial 
nature make him a welcome guest wherever he goes. He is universally 
esteemed as a citizen, and whenever it is in his power to further the welfare 
of the community, he spares neither time nor effort in this direction. As 
he is studious and attentive to every detail of his profession, it seems but 
reasonable to take it for granted that the future will bring him even greater 
success than the past has done. 



RICHARD S. DODSON 

A descendant of ancestors who had been Marylanders for many gen- 
erations and whose generous natures and upright lives were an honor to 
the grand old State, the late Richard S. Dodson, in his long and successful 
career as a business man, worthily maintained the traditions of such a lin- 
eage. 



66o HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

(I) Thomas Dodson. the earhest ancestor in this country, born Octo- 
ber 19. 1669. was a son of Daniel and Susannah Dodson, of Knaresborough, 
Yorkshire. Eng-land. In company with his oldest brother, John, and sis- 
ter, Marv. with a small colony of Quakers, he came to Burlington, New 
Jersey, in 1677. or about four years before Penn settled Pennsylvania. He 
married in Burlington and shortly afterward settled in Talbot county, Mary- 
land, where his descendants have continued to live from generation to gen- 
eration to the present day. 

(II) Robert, son of Thomas Dodson, was born in the year 1700, in 
Talbot county, Maryland. He spent his entire life upon his farm in his 
native county, with the exception of the period during which he led a sea- 
faring life. 

^III) Thomas (2). son of Robert Dodson, was born in the year 1728. 
He was a prominent citizen of his county, a gentleman of the "old school," 
and a member of St. Peter's Parish of the English Colonial Church. 

(I\') Robert (2), son of Thomas (2) Dodson, was born December 6, 
1762. His life was a strenuous one. He not only established his family 
legend in the memory of his descendants, but at this late period an old 
ledger of a hundred years ago was found, portraying in clear statements 
the various operations in which he was engaged, his association with the 
events of that period and the people of the day and generation in which he 
lived. He farmed, traded in general products of his region, dealt in real 
estate, and took hold of any enterprise that offered an opportunity for a 
successful turn. Later on in life he became interested in educational work 
and was largely instrumental in having the children of his community edu- 
cated. Together with his various pursuits, he owned several vessels that 
traded on the Chesapeake Bay, among which was the schooner Edward, 
which was fitted for both freight and passengers, and plied between Saint 
^Michaels and Baltimore. This Robert Dodson was especially active during 
the period of the War of 1812. at the time of the British invasion, in aiding 
his section by distributing arms to the people for their defense in the threat- 
ened districts, having also one of his vessels fitted out and armed as a guard 
boat. He was one of the first commissioners of the town of Saint Michaels. 
He died at the age of sixty-two and was buried in the old Methodist Cem- 
etery at Saint Michaels. 

(V) Captain William Dodson, eldest son of Robert (2) Dodson, was 
born at Saint Michaels, Maryland, in 1786, died in Baltimore in 1833. He 
attended the best schools which the time and place afforded, and was de- 
signed for a very different life from the one he subsequently pursued. His 
father had planned for him a liberal education and for some time kept 
him diligently at his studies. Soon, however, the sailor spirit developed, and 
he gave up his studies and began the career which his spirit craved. He 
made a voyage across the Atlantic as mate of a ship ; but, at the urgency of 
his father, he gave up ocean navigation, and at the beginning of his more 
eventful life we find him in charge of his father's packet schooner Edward. 
This vessel, while temporarily under his command, sailing from Baltimore 
July 26, 1813, outsailed the British pursuers and escaped into Saint Michaels 
harbor, which was attacked a few days later by the British. At the request 
of General Benson, who commanded the militia assembled there for defense, 
he took command of Parrott's Point Battery in an earthwork erected to 
guard the town. This battery defeated the British on August 10. 1813, 
in their attempt to capture Saint Michaels and destroy the vessels in refuge 
there, as well as those on the stocks in process of building. After the 
defense of Saint Michaels he joined the United States navy under Commo- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 66i 

dore Joshua Barney, whose flotilla, in which he was appointed a sailing 
master, sailed from Baltimore in May, 1814, and fought the British on the 
Chesapeake Bay until the enemy landed in large force at Benedict, on Pa- 
tuxent river, and commenced operations against the city of Washington. 
This flotilla was purposely destroyed on the Patuxent river to prevent its 
falling in the enemy's hands. He also participated in the battle at Bla- 
densburg; and with the fragment of Barney's men assisted in the defense 
of Baltimore, being stationed during the attack in a small battery close to 
Fort Covington, which assisted in driving the enemy back in their attempt 
to take Fort AIcHenry in the rear. When peace was declared he left the 
navy and returned to Saint Michaels, where he again resumed his old occu- 
pation and successfully pursued it for many years. 

(\T) Captain Robert Auld Dodson, son of Captain William Dodson, 
was born November 6, 1808. He began the life of a sailor when quite 
young. For several years he continued in this pursuit for his father, who 
at that time carried on a lucrative business of freight and passenger traffic 
between Saint Michaels and Baltimore. After his father's death he returned 
to Saint Michaels, and there at once laid foundations for larger enterprises 
and an increased packet business, which continued under his management 
with great success until 1861. He was present on Pratt street in Baltimore 
during the 19th of April riot, when the Massachusetts troops were assailed 
"by a mob, and for boldly denouncing this act at the time and scene of its 
occurrence his life was threatened by an excited mob. During the enlist- 
ment and drafting of troops for the Civil war he was appointed the enroll- 
ing officer for the government in Talbot county. He was subsequently ap- 
pointed postmaster of Saint Michaels. In addition to his nautical career, 
he was also largely engaged in coal and lumber interests in his native town. 
In both private and public life he was in every way a prominent and influ- 
ential citizen. He was closely identified with the people of his town and 
county, and few, if any, enterprises for the welfare of his section and people 
were ever entertained without his cooperation and assistance. He married 
Hester A. R. Keithley. 

(VII) Richard S., son of Captain Robert Auld and Hester A. R. 
(Keithley) Dodson, was born April 7, 1838, at Wye, Talbot county, Mary- 
land. When about two years of age his parents moved their family to 
Saint Michaels. He became a sailor quite early in life on one of his 
father's vessels, and before he was of age he became captain of the schooner 
William K. Dodson, which his father had built especially for him. Being 
ambitious for a wide sphere of activity, he soon gave up sailing, secured 
a clerkship at the Maltby House, Baltimore, and commenced his career as 
a hotel manager. About this time he married Maria F. Pfeltz, daughter 
of Gustavu? Adolphus and Martha Ann Pfeltz, of Baltimore county. After 
several years he went to the Fountain Hotel, a very popular house in Bal- 
timore at that time, first as manager and subsequently co-proprietor. The 
opening of German street caused the closing of this historical establishment. 
He then took charge of the Herdic House, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, and 
Minnequa Springs. After two years, in 1870, he went to Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, where he leased the Atlantic Hotel. Such was his success here that 
"before his lease expired he purchased the hotel, enlarged the building and 
greatlv improved its equipment, making it one of the largest and most 
thoroughly equipped houses in the South. He managed this hotel until 
the strain of this field of activity forced him to resign in favor of his oldest 
son, Robert A. Dodson. After retiring from his active life he removed 
to Baltimore, where he resided during the remainder of his days. Mr. 



662 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Dodson accumulated a fortune, not only in real estate in Norfolk, but also 
large holdings in Baltimore and Talbot county. At one time he owned the 
old Saint :^richaels and Miles River Steamboat Company, which was oper- 
ated between Baltimore and Saint Michaels. He was an active member of 
the First Methodist Episcopal Church of Baltimore for many years, and 
a member of the board of stewards of that church and a member of the 
board of trustees of Goucher College of Baltimore. He died at his home 
on Charles Street Road, March 22. 1897, and was laid to rest in Greenmount 
Cemeterv. 

^Ir.'Dodson is survived by the following children: Robert Adolphus 
Dodson. of Norfolk, \'irginia ; Hon. Richard Slicer Dodson, of Saint Mi- 
chaels. Maryland: William Pfeltz Dodson, of Norfolk, Virginia; Henry 
Clav Dodson, of Norfolk, Virginia: Mrs. Edward L. Robinson, of Balti- 
more. Maryland: Leonidas Berry Dodson, of Norfolk, Virginia; Mrs. 
A. L. McClellan. of Richmond, Virginia; Flora Dodson, of New York City; 
Herbert Keithley Dodson, of Baltimore, Maryland; Mrs. Archibald D. 
Brown, of Brooklyn, New York. 

The death of Mr. Dodson deprived the city of Baltimore of a man 
over the record of whose life there falls no shadow of wrong, nor suspicion 
of evil. While in his business career he had passed on to a position of 
wealth and influence, his hand was ever held forth to aid one to whom 
nature or environment had seemed less kindly. His life was, in large meas- 
ure, an exemplification of his belief in the brotherhood of mankind. A more 
honorable man than Richard S. Dodson never trod the streets of Baltimore. 
"True as steel" is a phrase which aptly describes him, for true, indeed, he 
was — true to his friends, true to the loftiest principles, and true to the 
manly nature transmitted to him by a noble-minded ancestry. 



GEORGE E. WATERS 

Among the successful business men of this city who take an excep- 
tionally strong interest in the advancement and welfare of Baltimore, de- 
voting their time and talents to the development of its commerce and manu- 
factures. George E. Waters, the scion of an old and honored ancestry, takes 
leading rank. The large lumber business which, under his able manage- 
ment as senior partner of the firm of George E. Waters & Company, has 
grown to such proportions that it has now become one of the chief in- 
dustries of this section, abundantly testifies to his capacity for handling great 
enterprises and the wide sweep of his perceptions in the commercial world. 
He has proved himself eminently fitted to guide and direct, and has become 
one of the most influential men in this locality. 

George E. Waters was born in Montgomery county, Maryland, and is 
the great-grandson of Joseph and Deborah Waters, who had nine children. 
They were: Rosette, born February 20, 1771 ; Adamson, who became the 
grandfather of Mr. Waters; Elizabeth, born April 6, 1774; Joseph, bom 
March 20, 1776; Azel, born in 1778; Lacy, born February 4, 1780; Cas- 
sandra, born February 20, 1782; Deborah, born March i, 1784; Mary, born 
November 26, 1787. 

Adamson Waters was born December 17, 1772, and lived to an ad- 
vanced age. dying in 1865 when he was ninety-three years old. He mar- 
ried, on the 29th of November, 1814, Mary Margaret . and they 

were the parents of seven children, as follows : Leander, born October 4,. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 663 

1815; Greenberly G., born May 3, 1817, died February 22, 1882; Mary L., 
born July 6, 1819; Mary R., born June 10, 1821 ; Rufus, born October 14, 
1823 ; Andrew Jackson, mentioned below ; Francis Marion, born July 22,. 
1828. 

Andrew Jackson Waters, who was a farmer in Montgomery county, 
Maryland, was born on the 6th of March, 1825, dying in February. 1898, at 
the age of seventy-three years. He married Katherine Anne Windsor, the 
daughter of Henry Windsor, whose father came over from England and 
settled as a farmer in Montgomery county. 

George E. Waters, son of Andrew Jackson and Katherine Anne 
(Windsor) Waters, was born on the 15th of April, i860, in Montgomery 
county. His early education was acquired in the public schools of the 
county, his summer vacations being occupied by work on his father's farm, 
where he remained until the year 1883. In this year he came to Baltimore, 
and engaging with the firm of Smith & King, lumber dealers, started upon 
the career in which he has proved so efficient and successful. Upon the 
death of Mr. King, in the following year, the style of the firm was changed 
to W. H. King & Company, Mr. Waters remaining with them until 1891. 
Having by his tireless industry and close application to its principles, thor- 
oughly mastered the business, he that year branched out for himself, form- 
ing with J. Ogier Snyder the firm of Waters & Snyder, which continued 
under this name for the following ten years. In 1901 Mr. Snyder retired, 
and the firm became known as George E. Waters & Company, since that 
time its present high standing in commercial circles has been attained, not 
by any combination of fortuitous circumstances, but through the business- 
like methods and sterling qualities of the senior partner. He has become 
connected with a number of public institutions and representative bodies, 
being president of the board of trustees of the public schools, at Mt. Wash- 
ington, and president also of the Mt. Washington Improvement Association. 

In his political opinions, Mr. Waters is an absolutely Independent 
Democrat, voting for the man whom he thinks will best fill the position 
in question. He is a member of the Methodist church, and belongs to a 
number of fraternal bodies, being a member of Kedron Lodge, No. 148, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; Baltimore Chapter No. 40, Royal 
Arch Masons ; Beausant Commandery, No. 8, Knights Templar ; thirty- 
second degree Scottish Rite, and of the Order of the Hoo Hoos. He is an 
enthusiastic athlete, having always been fond of out of door sports in which 
he excels. As vice-president and captain of the Mt. Washington Athletic 
Club he served with distinction up to the beginning of this year (1912), 
when he was elected as its chief executive, being the only one nominated for 
that position. An ambitious schedule has been arranged by this club which 
will leave no stone unturned to equip a team which will eclipse any that has 
represented Baltimore during the last three years. Never have the New 
Yorkers been defeated by Baltimore up to this time, but in view of the 
abundance of material, local enthusiasts are now looking for a victory in 
the near future. Mr. Waters is also president of the Interclub Amateur 
Baseball League, having been commander-in-chief of this body wMth equal 
success. 

Mr. Waters is very happily married, his wife having been Clara Isabella 
Burton, a daughter of the late Charles Wesley Burton, of Baltimore, who 
died when she was an infant. Mr. and Mrs. Waters have three children: 
one son, Charles Jackson, who attends Swarthmore College ; and two charm- 
ing daughters, Lilian Isabella and Kate Elizabeth, who are attending the 
Roland Park Country School. They have a delightful home in Mt. Wash- 



664 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

ington. and ^Ir. Waters takes an unbounded interest in carrying out any 
idea that tends to the benefit and further advancement of the place, and as 
one of its most popular and well known citizens his influence is keenly and 
gratefully felt in the wide circle in which he moves. 



GEORGE W. HORTON 

Georo-e W. Horton, chief of the Fire Department of Baltimore, Mary- 
land, has-been connected with that efficient body for the long period of 
fortv-eight vears. and in all this time, in the various grades through which 
he lias passed, has never been charged with anything. It is owing to the 
honorable and faithful exertions and moral attributes of men like Chief 
Horton that the power and influence of a city are brought to the highest 
state of perfection. By his own efforts he carved out for himself friends, 
attiuence and position, and the force and strength of his character enabled 
him to overcome obstacles which, to others less hopeful and courageous, 
would have seemed wellnigh insurmountable. Selfishness is an unknown 
quantity as far as he is concerned. Brave and fearless, he has ever been 
foremost when called upon in the hour of danger, and when he became a 
leader his call to his men was never : "Go to that point, the danger is immi- 
nent in that direction," but, like the great heroes of history, his voice was 
always heard in the clear command : "Come with me, there is danger to 
be contended with." This has ever been the secret of his influence over 
those placed in his charge in the department, and the feelings with which 
they obey are those of a personal affection as well as a compliance with the 
orders of one whom they know to be a leader to be implicitly obeyed. Mr. 
Horton is a descendant of the Connecticut family of that name, a branch of 
which later located in Maryland. 

Henry C. Horton, grandfather of George W. Horton, was born in 
Baltimore, where for many years he was a well known auctioneer. He had 
two children : Emma, who died unmarried, and Henry P. 

Henry P. Horton was born in Baltimore, 1810, and died in that city 
in 1884. He was a member of the volunteer fire company, "The Friend- 
ship," for many years, and was a manufacturer of fire hose. His shop was 
the principal gathering place of the firemen of the city, and it was prob- 
ably while listening to the thrilling stories related at these gatherings, that 
young Horton imbibed his love for the dangers of what he has made his 
lifework. Henry P. Horton married Rachel Ann, born at Stemmers Run, 
Baltimore county. Maryland, died in 1883, daughter of William and Rachel 
(Barclay) Lynch. Giildren : i. George W., see forward. 2. Harry P., 
deceased: married Emma Hickman, and had: Winter D., Edward E., Wil- 
liam F. and Annie. 3. Winter Davis. 4. Millard Fillmore, who died un- 
married. 5. Edward Everett, married in Brooklyn. 6. Herbert Barclay, 
unmarried. 

George W. Horton, eldest child of Henry P. and Rachel Ann (Lynch) 
Horton. was born in Baltimore, June 14, 1846. His education was acquired 
in Primary School No. 9, which was located at the corner of Calvert and 
Saratoga streets. Upon its conclusion he was apprenticed to the trade of 
carriage building, but this not proving a congenial occupation, he entered 
the employ of Frank Fowler, manufacturer of wire goods of all kinds, and 
having ma-tered the details of that business thoroughly, he established him- 
self in a similar line on East Baltimore street, and conducted a successful 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 665 

business for five years. He then was employed by the incorporated firm of 
George Defose, with which he was connected for a period of eighteen 
years. In the meantime, March 2, 1862, he joined the Fire Department, 
becoming a member of Hook and Ladder Company No. i, and at the ex- 
piration of a few years was promoted to the position of captain of Engine 
Company No. 4. He was elected chief of the Fire Department of Balti- 
more, May 21, 1901, succeeding Chief McAfee. He has been chief of the 
department during a number of administrations, both Republican and Demo- 
cratic, and has always been free from partisanship. The improvements he 
has introduced since he has been in office are almost too numerous to men- 
tion, among them being: In 1872, a device for turning the horses loose 
and the lights on in fire quarters at the stroke of the gong; reducing the 
one-hundred-foot lengths of hose to fifty feet ; placing hose reel in front of 
steamers in quarters ; three-eighth inch pipe connected to hose pipe, known 
as the "joker"; Eastman hose-pipe holder; Broder life net; electric cut- 
loose for horse stalls, known as the "Horton trip" ; rubber tires on hose 
wagons and trucks ; heater in hose towers ; Dashill device for raising eighty- 
five- foot ladders on trucks ; lockers in washrooms ; Bardsley brake on 
trucks. 

Since his appointment as chief engineer, sixteen engine companies, six 
truck companies, and one fire boat company have been organized ; three 
chemical companies have been disbanded to make room for larger com- 
panies ; twelve new houses have been built ; more than twenty houses have 
been rebuilt and repaired, and there are a number in the course of con- 
struction at the present time. 

During his long career as a fire fighter, Chief Horton has had many 
narrow escapes, and has many times been commended for deeds of bravery 
and heroism. The records of the department show that, at the peril of his 
own life, he has saved more than a score of others. On one occasion, when 
fire was discovered in the Susquehanna House, at the corner of Franklin 
and Calvert streets, he carried a woman weighing one hundred and forty- 
three pounds down the ladder from the fourth story of the building, his own 
weight at the time being but one hundred and twenty-three pounds, which 
was considered a remarkable feat of strength and bravery. The worst 
injuries inflicted upon him bodily were during the great fire of February, 
1904, when he was severely burned by a live electric wire, and the Register 
fire of February, 1907. He is a most enthusiastic fire fighter, and one of 
the most popular fire chiefs in the country. He enjoys thoroughly the 
confidence and respect of those under him, and they follow his commands 
blindly, knowing they could not have a more competent leader in every 
respect. Chief Horton is a well-preserved man, of a retiring and modest 
disposition. He enjoys greatly the solace of tobacco, but is an abstainer 
from intoxicants of every description. His literary ability is of no mean 
order, and he has several times read papers before the International xA.sso- 
ciation of Fire Engineers, and is one of the directors and ex-president of 
that body. 

He has filled a number of offices in various associations, being a mem- 
ber of Arcana Lodge, No. no. Free and Accepted Masons ; Adoniram Chap- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons; Maryland Commandery, No. i. Knights Templar; 
Order of Eastern Star; Keystone Firemen's Association of Pennsylvania; 
Chiefs' Qub of Massachusetts ; Volunteer Firemen's Association of Balti- 
more; and Firemen's Relief Association. He was one of the organizers 
and is an ex-president of the last named body. In all that Chief Horton 
does he is a plain, strong, dependable sort of a man, and is liberal, chari- 



666 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

table and kind to all. He has a host of friends in all the cities he has 
ever visited, and his career presents a fine example of what may be accom- 
plished bv determination and perseverance. No name deserves a more hon- 
orable mention in the annals of Baltimore and the community cheerfully 
accords him credit for the excellent results he has succeeded in achieving. 
Chief Horton married in Shoemakertown, Pennsylvania, February, 
1871. Elizabeth Montg-omery. who died in Baltimore in 1901. They had 
no children. 



DR. CHARLES E. SADTLER 

Dr. Charles E. Sadtler, one of the leading physicians of this city, is a 
son of the Rev. P. B. Sadtler, a Lutheran minister and native of Baltimore, 
his mother having been Caroline E. Schmucker, and a descendant of various 
old Colonial families; she was a daughter of the Rev. Dr. Schmucker, of 
Gettysburg, having been born in Virginia ; and was a sister of Judge S, D. 
Schmucker of the Maryland Court of Appeals, now deceased. 

Dr. Sadtler's grandfather, P. B. Sadtler, was born in Homburg, Ger- 
manv. in the year 1771, graduating from the Gymnasium or Secondary 
School there, and subsequently from the University. He came over from 
Frankfort-on-the-Main to Baltimore, in the year 1798, and estabhshed a 
jewelry business the same year on the northwest corner of Baltimore and 
St. Paul streets. The firm continues under the name of G. T. Sadtler Sons. 

P. B. Sadtler organized and was captain of the Baltimore Jaegers, one 
of the independent companies comprising the Fifth Regiment during the 
war. and fought at the historic battle of North Point, near Baltimore. 

Though Dr. Sadtler's father, the Rev. P. B. Sadtler, was born in Balti- 
more, he himself is a native of Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, where he was 
born. October 2, 185 1. His early life was passed in the State of Pennsyl- 
vania, and his fundamental education was obtained in the public schools of 
that state. He was for three years a student at Pennsylvania College, 
Gettysburg, and later received the honorary degree of A. M. in recognition 
of his work. He received his degree of M.D. from the medical department 
of the University of Maryland, and took a post-graduate course at Wurtz- 
burg, Bavaria, and Vienna, Austria, the centers of medical investigation. 
He began his active work in life after receiving his degree from the Mary- 
land University, and was for twelve years, from 1875 to 1887, chief of the 
dispensary service in the medical department of that University. 

Besides the practice of his profession for many years, he has also de- 
voted much time to travel and study abroad, from a pure interest in hu- 
manity and desire to see the world and its ways. His interest in the city of 
Baltimore and its improvement is also very strong, and he has attained 
eminence in the community in many ways. He is now president of the 
Alumni Association of the Medical Department of the University of Mary- 
land ; president of the General Alumni Association of the University of 
Maryland; vice president of the Society of the War of 1812, of the State 
of Maryland; and a member of the Sons of the American Revolution. In 
his religious views Dr. Sadtler is a Lutheran, following the traditions of 
his family. He is a lecturer at, and the medical director of, the Lutheran 
Deaconess Home of this city. 

Dr. Sadtler married Rosabella C. Sheer, daughter of Henry W. Sheer, 
and granddaughter of the Rev. Henry Sheer. D.D., a well known figure of 
Maryland in his day, anfl also granddaughter of the late Hugh A. Cooper, 





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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 667 

prominent in business circles of this city. They have one daughter, Laura 
Cooper Sadtler. 

Dr. Sadtler is genial and scholarly. He stands in high esteem among 
the medical profession of this city, for the honorable service which he has 
rendered in his calling, and is also universally respected as a public spirited 
and philanthropic citizen. 



SAMUEL DAVIES SCHMUCKER 

Prominent among those who have earned reputations for themselves, 
and whose worth the people of Baltimore have seen fit to acknowledge by 
conferring upon them positions of honor and trust, is the late Honorable 
Samuel Davies Schmucker, Judge of the Court of Appeals of Maryland 
from November, 1898, until the time of his lamented death. Descending 
from an erudite family it was but natural that Judge Schmucker should 
develop into one of the most learned men of the time, and that his counsel 
should be frequently sought. 

Rev. Samuel S. Schmucker, father of Judge Schmucker, was a native 
of Maryland, of German descent as the name indicates, and died in 1873. 
He was one of the most prominent Lutheran divines of his day and served 
as president of the Theological Seminary of the General Synod of the 
Lutheran Church for more than forty years. Prolific as a writer in the- 
ologic and mental science, he was the author of "The History of tlje Luth- 
eran Church," and a number of other works which are regarded as authori- 
tative. He married Mary C. Steenbergen, a descendant of William Gooch, 
one of the early colonial governors of Virginia. She was also related to 
James Madison, and one of her ancestors served on the staff of General 
Washington. Among their children were: Samuel Davies; Mrs. Caroline 
E. Sadtler, of Baltimore ; Mrs. William A. Duncan ; Mrs. Margaret Suesse- 
rot, and Mrs. Cassatt Neely, of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 

Hon. Samuel Davies Schmucker, son of the preceding, was born in 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, February 26, 1844, and died at the Union Pro- 
testant Infirmary, Baltimore, Maryland, March 3, 191 1. He became a stu- 
dent in the Pennsylvania College, from which he was graduated in 1863. 
After two years spent in the Law School of the University of New York 
City, he was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1865. The 
degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon him by the Pennsylvania 
College in 1898, and by St. John's College in 1904. In 1866 he located in 
Baltimore and established himself in general practice. Ten years later he 
associated with himself George Whitelock, who had studied law under his 
preceptorship, the firm practicing under the firm name of Schmucker & 
Whitelock, and this connection was continued uninterruptedly until the 
appointment of Judge Schmucker to the court of appeals in 1898 to succeed 
William Shepard Bryan, father of the former attorney-general, Judge 
Bryan having reached the age limit. The only political experience of Judge 
Schmucker had been as an opponent of Judge Bryan, when the latter was 
elected by a majority of about seven thousand in 1883. I^i 1899 Judge 
Schmucker was elected for the full term of fifteen years, which would have 
expired in 1914. 

During his active career Judge Schmucker was a prominent figure in 
professional circles, gaining and retaining the respect and confidence of all 
with whom he was brought in contact, and was looked upon, not only as one 
of the leading lawyers of the Baltimore bar. but as a man of strict integrity 



668 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

and unflinching devotion to duty. Calm and dispassionate in all his reason- 
ing, with a thorough knowledge of the law, he was peculiarly fitted for the 
position of Judge of the Court of Appeals. Throughout his whole pro- 
fessional career'in the city, he demonstrated the fact that he was a man of 
no ordinary capabilities, and one eminently worthy of the confidence reposed 
in him. His rulings were always characterized by justice and fairness. In 
the vigor of his faculties, both mental and physical, and the strong constitu- 
tion which he inherited, he was regarded as a happy representative of the 
intellect of the country. As an orator. Judge Schmucker occupied a firm 
position among his professional brethren, and as a sound logician and deep 
thinker he was second to no lawyer in Maryland. As president of the Bar 
Association of Baltimore, he was earnest in furthering the interests of that 
body. He was a member of a number of committees appointed to draft new 
laws, and was a member of the commission appointed by Mayor Malster to 
draft a new charter for the city. Charitable institutions and their work 
always held his deepest interest, and he served as president of the board of 
trustees of the Baltimore Orphan Asylum, and as a trustee for the Home 
for Aged Men and Women, the Henry Watson's Children's Aid Society, 
the Society for the Protection of Children, the Home of Reformation, Mary- 
land Bible Society, Maryland Tract Society and the Maryland Sunday 
School Union. As an evidence of the high esteem in which Judge 
Schmucker was held, it may be mentioned that, in March, 1909, his picture 
was hung in the New York University Law School, with those of Senator 
Elihu Root, Judge David Leventritt, and other eminent men. 

Judge Schmucker married, November 16, 1869, Helen J., a daughter 
of the late John C. Bridges, who had been a leading coffee and sugar mer- 
chant in Baltimore for many years. Mrs. Schmucker, whose death oc- 
curred ]\Iay 21, 1910, was the only woman who was ever a member of the 
Jail Board and the School Board. Because she considered the task too 
arduous, she declined the appointment as a director of the Female House 
of Refuge, but for two years prior to her death, she served as one of the 
managers of the Light Street Free Kindergarten. She was also a member 
of the Arundel and the Roland Park clubs. They had no children. 

Judge Schmucker was dignified, yet kindly, in his bearing, and his cor- 
diality and sincerity were appreciated by his numerous friends. The opin- 
ions expressed by these friends, more formal acquaintances and the press 
at the time of his death, give a clear insight into the high reputation held 
by him. Judge Burke said : "He possessed a very accurate knowledge of 
the law, and was especially strong in deciding questions relative to com- 
mercial and corporation laws and equity." Judge Henry Stockbridge said : 
"He was industrious and conscientious in his labors, and one cannot help 
but feel regret at his death." Judge James P. Gorter said : "As a member 
of the Court of Appeals he labored ably and industriously. His wide ex- 
perience, extensive practice and knowledge of business rendered his as- 
sistance as a consultor the more valuable. I know his death will be re- 
gretted by all the members of the bar and bench." Judge Henry Duffy said : 
"In the death of Judge Schmucker Maryland loses an eminent jurist. His 
long career at the bar peculiarly fitted him for his position in the Appellate 
Court. He was indeed an ornament to the bench." William S. Bryan Jr. 
said : 

"He was an able, patient, learned, industrious and upright Judge; 
and, more than that, he was a highminded and good Christian man. The 
best and most enduring monument to his memory will be the opinions which 
he has written and which are found in the printed volumes of the Court 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 669 

of Appeals reports. The law of Maryland, I think, is clearer and more 
certain on account of his service on the bench." 

Among the editorial comments at the time of the death of Judge 
Schmucker, The Neivs said in part: "Judge Samuel D. Schmucker left a 
record which gives him a place of honor among the eminent jurists of the 
state. His years on the bench were years of great usefulness ; years that 
proved him learned in the law ; years that earned for him the confidence and 
respect of his judicial associates and of the bar of the whole state. In his 
death Maryland loses one of its most useful men, one who did honor to his 
profession, one whose character was always clean and above reproach." 
The Sun said in part : "Judge Schmucker carried to the bench an accurate 
knowledge of commercial law, acquired in a large practice in that branch 
of his profession. As a judge he was painstaking, industrious, able and 
absolutely fairminded and impartial. In writing his opinions and making his 
decisions, it is said of him that he seldom noticed the names of the parties 
to the suit, the subject matter and the questions involved being the only 
features of the case which concerned him. Personally he was a lovable 
man and attracted the warm friendship of those with whom he associated. 
He was an honorable. Christian gentleman, pure-minded and thinking no 
evil." 



WILLIAM C. CODD 

William C. Codd, of whom this sketch treats, is following worthily in 
the footsteps of his ancestors in furthering every movement which tends 
toward progress and improvement. He is one of the master spirits in the 
line of business in which he is engaged, and his influence is felt in many 
other directions as well. 

Edward J. Codd, father of William C. Codd, was born in Baltimore, 
Maryland, August 6, 1833, and died there, April 17, 1909. E. J. Codd 
was one of the best known business men of the city of Baltimore, being 
particularly identified with the eastern section. He was noted for his 
benevolence, esteemed for his sterling honesty and loved for his kindly dis- 
position. He married during 1854 his first wife Avarilla, daughter of 
James and Marianna Hooper, the former a well known shipping merchant 
of Baltimore in his day, and one of the defenders of 1812 and 1814; both 
he and his wife were descended from one of the oldest famihes of Mary- 
land. By his first wife Mr. Codd had two children and by a second wife, 
six children. 

William C, oldest son of Edward J. and Avarilla (Hooper) Codd, was 
born in Baltimore. August 13. 1858. He was educated at the public schools 
of his native city and at Rockhill College, Ellicott City, Maryland. At the 
age of eighteen years he became associated with the business of his father 
as an apprentice. When the E. J. Codd Company was incorporated he was 
one of the incorporators and directors and later became the vice-president 
of the organization and upon the death of his father succeeded to the presi- 
dency. He was for a number of years president of the Marine Railway 
Machine & Boiler Works of Baltimore. He is a member of the Mount 
Royal Improvement Association and chairman of its highway committee 
for the city of Baltimore. In his political views he is independent and 
public spirited in the extreme. He is always ready to devote time and in- 
fluence to the furtherance of any plan which tends to the advantage of 
Baltimore or its citizens. 



6/0 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

^Slr. Codd married in Baltimore, 1881, the ceremony being performed 
at St. Patrick's Church, Julia Irma, only daughter of Isaac W. Mohler Sr. 
and Julia Mrginia Mohler, of Baltimore ; Mr. Mohler was one of the forty- 
niners. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Codd: Irene, married Sprole Wilson 
Heaps ; J. Early ; E. Anita ; James Edward ; Julia Agnes, who died at the 
age of fifteen years, shortly before her graduation from the Academy of 
the Msitation. Mrs. Codd received her education in this institution, and 
their daughters, with the exception of Julia Agnes, were also graduated 
from it. He has one granddaughter, Julia Mary Heaps ; his daughter Anita 
is a member of the Daughters of the Revolution. 

Like his father and grandfather Hooper, Mr. Codd is a man who 
takes an active interest in all that concerns the welfare of the city. He is 
connected with a number of organizations which further progress and take 
charge of improvements in many directions. 

At the death of his father he was appointed in the will executor with 
Frank L. Mohler, his brother-in-law. A contention arose among the heirs 
regarding the E. J. Codd Company. Receivers were appointed and the 
plant was sold to outsiders. Previous to this time, in November, 1910, 
William C. Codd incorporated the Codd Tank and Specialty Company, of 
which he is president, and associated with him his eldest son, J. Early Codd, 
as secretar}^ and treasurer ; the latter was formerly connected with E. ]. 
Codd Company as solicitor. Mr. Codd is identified with other corporations. 
He is a Catholic and a member of Corpus Christi Church. 



GEORGE KEEN McGAW 

The title of "an upright merchant" is one of the most honorable that 
can be borne by any business man. It is a distinction won in a warfare, 
and against temptations that exist only in a mercantile career. Not many 
come through a protracted course unscathed and untainted, and it is an 
occasion for congratulation that the commercial history of Baltimore shows 
a long list of merchants who have honored their occupations by pure lives 
and honest trading. The name of George Keen McGaw is one well known 
in the business annals of Baltimore, and it is written prominently among 
the best and most successful merchants. Bold and aggressive in his methods, 
yet cool and prudent ; prompt to the moment in all his engagements, he 
holds a verbal promise as an absolute obligation even in trifles ; at work 
early and late, he always comes out right in practical results. Mr. McGaw 
is descended from early Colonial settlers of Maryland. 

(I) John McGaw, the first of the line here under consideration, mar- 
ried and had a son, Robert ; see forward. 

(II) Robert, son of John McGaw, married Sarah Lester, February 2, 
1758, and had a son, Robert; see forward. 

(III) Robert (2), son of Robert (i) McGaw, was born March 2, 
1763, in Harford county, Maryland. He was a tanner by occupation. He 
married Elizabeth Armstrong, and had children : John, see forward ; Rob- 
ert, Samuel, James, Jane, Elizabeth. 

(W ) John (2), son of Robert (2) and Elizabeth (Armstrong) Mc- 
Gaw, was born March 18, 1797. He was occupied variously as a merchant, 
farmer, and tanner, and served both as first and second lieutenant in the 
militia from 181 2 until 181 5. Politically he was a Whig, and his religious 
affiliations were with the Presbyterian church. For forty years he was a 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 671 

squire in Harford county. He married, November 28, 1828, Mary Bartol, 
born June 8, 1808, daughter of Timothy and Harriet (Bayless) Keen. 
Children : WilHam E., John Robert, Timothy L., Harriet E., Henry M., 
Albert B., George Keen, see forward. 

(V) George Keen, son of John (2) and Mary Bartol (Keen) Mc- 
Gaw, was born at Bush, Harford county, Maryland, January 8, 1850. His 
education, which was an excellent one, was acquired at the Abingdon Acad- 
emy, Bel Air Academy and West Nottingham Academy. Immediately after 
completing his education, in 1868, he accepted a clerkship with Hon. Jacob 
Tome, of Port Deposit, Maryland, and then held various clerical positions 
in banks, warehouses and steamship offices. He served three years as cashier 
and bookkeeper in the offices of the Baltimore & Susquehanna Steamboat 
Company, at Baltimore. Having decided to establish himself in a business 
of his own, Mr. McGaw, May i, 1875, opened a grocery business at the 
corner of Lexington and Paca streets in association with John B. Ramsey, 
later president of the National Mechanics' Bank, doing business under the 
firm name of George K. McGaw & Company. At the expiration of a few 
years Mr. McGaw purchased the interest of Mr. Ramsey and continued the 
business alone, but under the original name. Under his able management 
it became a success from the start, and it was soon necessary to seek larger 
quarters to handle the increased business. These were found at Nos. 220 
and 222 North Charles street, to which the concern removed February i, 
1888. Mr. McGaw always kept well abreast of the times in all matters con- 
nected with his business afi'airs, and his establishment soon became the fore- 
most in its line, not only in the city of Baltimore, but throughout the South, 
and has found many imitators. It is one of the best equipped in the United 
States for handling a large amount of trade, and the rule of absolute re- 
liability which Mr. McGaw laid down for himself at the outset of his 
career has always been maintained and has established the standard of the 
house. 

His executive ability has enabled him to turn his time and attention 
with success to a number of other business enterprises, and he inaugurated 
and was president of the Hotel Rennert Company, as also the Buena Vista 
Hotel Company and the Exchange Permanent Loan and Building Associa- 
tion. He is a member of the Board of Trade, Corn and Flour Exchange 
and Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association, a director of the National 
Mechanics' Bank and the American Bonding Company and one of its 
executive committee, and is now and was for a number of years a director 
in the Baltimore Trust and Maryland Trust companies. He is vice-presi- 
dent of the Mount Vernon-Woodbury Cotton Duck Company, and director 
and vice-president of the Consolidated Cotton Duck Company. He is also 
officially connected with various religious and benevolent institutions ; is a 
trustee of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and of the Baltimore Free Dispen- 
sary ; chairman of the executive committee of the Egerton Home for Orphan 
Girls ; chairman of the finance committee of the Presbyterian Association ; 
and executive member of the finance committee of the Presbyterian Eye 
and Ear Charity Hospital. Flis political affiliations are with the Democratic 
party, and, while he does not aspire to holding public office, he takes an 
active and intelligent interest in all matters concerning the public welfare 
of the community, and served as one of the committee of seventy during 
the Democratic sound money campaign. He is a member of the First Pres- 
byterian Church, is a Mason, member of the Beauseant Commandery, Druid 
Royal Arch Chapter, and Mystic Circle Lodge. He is also a member of 
the Baltimore Country and Johns Hopkins clubs. 



6/2 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

~Mt. IMcGaw married, in Baltimore, January i6, 1877, Margaret A., 
daughter of James and Margaret A. (Roney) Warden. Children: Mary 
Bartol : Sophia Warden, married Norvell E. Miller. James Warden was 
at one time a leading flour merchant of Baltimore and one of the incorpora- 
tors of the Corn and Flour Exchange. Mr. and Mrs. McGaw reside in their 
beautiful home at No. 1012 St. Paul street, Baltimore, where their charming 
hospitality is greatly enjoyed by a large circle of friends. Those who know 
Mr. ]\IcGaw best consider his friendship as an invaluable boon. He is a 
man of warm sympathies, and, while he is consistently charitable, nothing 
is more obnoxious to him than ostentatious giving. In his more than a 
quarter of a century of business life he has earned, and well deserved, the 
confidence and esteem of the entire community. 



COLONEL CHARLES MARSHALL 

The Marshall family of Baltimore is one of the oldest Colonial families 
of the South, and the records of the family go back many generations in 
Europe. The direct ancestor of the Marshall families of America is Cap- 
tain John Marshall, whose name appears in 1558, in the reign of Queen 
]\Iary, when he won distinction at the fall of Calais. He was severely 
wounded at the capture of the city, and died after his return to Ireland. 
From him is descended : 

(I) Captain John Marshall, served as captain in the battle at Edge- 
hill during the reign of Charles I, and immigrated to America about 1650. 
At first he settled at Jamestown, Virginia, subsequently removing to West- 
moreland county. He was noted for his bravery and gallantry during the 
Indian wars, and died near Dumfries, leaving two sons. 

(II) Thomas, son of Captain John Marshall, was born in 1655, died 
in May, 1704, and his will was probated May 31, 1704. His wife's name 
was Martha. 

(III) Captain John (2) Marshall, son of Thomas and Martha Mar- 
shall, was born in Westmoreland county, Virginia, about 1700, died in 
April, 1752, and was known as "Captain of the Forest". He was captain 
of a militia company, and was a man of prominence and influence in the 
community in every respect. He married, about 1722, Elizabeth, born in 
1704, died in 1775, daughter of John Markham, of England and Virginia, 
and they had four children. 

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Captain John (2) and EHzabeth (Mark- 
ham) Marshall, was born in Washington parish, Westmoreland county, 
Virginia, April 2, 1730, and died in Washington, Mason county, Kentucky, 
June 22, 1802. His was a career filled with dangers and adventures, in 
which he won distinction in every instance. He was a surveyor, and was 
frequently with Washington when the latter was on his surveying expedi- 
tions for Lord Fairfax. During the French and Indian wars he served as 
a lieutenant of volunteers ; was one of those engaged in constructing Fort 
Necessity during Braddock's defeat ; he was a major of the Culpeper min- 
ute-men at the outbreak of the Revolution ; at the battles of Great Bridges,. 
Germantown and Brandywine he was one of the officers who earned great 
distinction ; he was frequently a member of the house of burgesses, and 
a member of the convention that declared the colony independent. He 
served as colonel in the Third Virginia Regiment, which is credited with 
the honor of saving the Continental army from destruction at the battle of 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 673 

Brandywine, and for his gallant services in this engagement the house of 
burgesses of Virginia voted him a sword. He represented Fayette county, 
Kentucky, in the Virginia Legislature in 1787. 

He married in Fauquier county, Virginia, 1754, Mary Randolph, born 
April 28, 1737, died in Mason county, Kentucky, September 19, 1809, daugh- 
ter of Rev. James and Mary Isham (Randolph) Keith. They had fourteen 
children, among whom were: John, the eldest son, became chief justice 
of the United States ; Charles, see forward ; William, twin of Charles. 

(V) Charles, seventh son of Thomas and Mary Randolph (Keith) 
Marshall, was born at "Oakhill", Fauquier county, Virginia, January 31, 
1767; died at Warrenton, Virginia, in 1805. He married, September 13, 
1787, Lucy Pickett, born May 2, 1767, died in 1825. 

(VI) Alexander J., son of Charles and Lucy (Pickett) Marshall, 
married Maria Rose, daughter of the late Robert I. Taylor, who was in 
his day one of the most famous practitioners before the Supreme Court of 
the United States. 

(VII) Colonel Charles Marshall, son of Alexander J. and Maria 
Rose (Taylor) Marshall, was born at Warrenton, Fauquier county, Vir- 
ginia, October 3, 1830, and died from a stroke of apoplexy at his home, 
No. 213 West Lanvale street, Baltimore, Maryland, April 19, 1902. His 
preparatory education was acquired in his native town at the school of 
Richard M. Smith, and he then entered the University of Virginia, from 
which he was graduated with high honors in 1850, and the degree of Master 
of Arts was conferred upon him. The position of professor of mathematics 
in the Indiana University was offered him and he occupied that chair in 
an eminently satisfactory manner until his resignation in 1852, when he 
returned to X'irginia and took up legal studies. He came to Baltimore, 
Maryland, the following year and entered the law firm of the late William 
Schley, and was soon admitted to the bar. 

He was rapidly creating a reputation for himself when the outbreak 
of the Civil War caused him to lay aside his legal practice for a time. 
General Robert Lee had for many years been an intimate friend of the 
Marshall family, and when he assumed command of the Confederate forces 
he appointed Colonel Marshall a member of his personal staff, and this 
appointment was accepted, and he was with the general throughout the war. 
His position was that of military secretary, which corresponds to that of 
•chief-of-staff in other armies, and all of the most famous orders of Lee 
were written by Colonel Marshall, it being supposed that a number of them 
were of his own composition. He was the most trusted of all the officers 
surrounding the general, and the one for whom he entertained the greatest 
personal affection, being the only member of Lee's staff who accompanied 
him at the surrender of Appomattox, and the terms of surrender were 
drafted by him. At the close of the Civil War Colonel Marshall returned 
to Baltimore and resumed his legal practice. He formed a partnership with 
the late Judge William A. Fisher in 1867, which was continued uninter- 
ruptedly until the latter became judge. He then joined forces with Thomas 
W. Hail, the firm being known as Marshall & Hall. Upon the retirement 
of Mr. Hall the firm of Marshall, Marbury & Bowdoin was formed, and 
after the dissolution of this firm he practiced up to the time of his death 
under the name of Charles Marshall & Sons. He was one of the leaders 
of the Baltimore bar for many years, and his reputation was an inter- 
national one. 

Colonel Marshall married (first) Emily, sister of General R. Snowden 
Andrews, and she died about 1858, leaving one child : Emily Rosalie, who 



674 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

married Judge Somerville Pinkney Tuck, a member of the International 
Court at Cairo. Egypt. Colonel ^Marshall married (second), 1866, Rebecca, 
born in Prince George's county, j\Iaryland, daughter of Colonel Thomas 
Snowden. She is still living with her live sons : H. Snowden, of New 
York ; James Alarkham, an attorney of New York ; Robert E. Lee ; Dr. 
Harry T.. who is a professor at the University of Virginia; Charles A., 
who is a practicing attorney in Baltimore, jMaryland. 

From the time of his resumption of his practice after the war Colonel 
^Marshall had been recognized as one of the foremost attorneys of the city 
of Baltimore, and as he was a man of a genial and kindly nature, his 
friends were to be found in nearly every member of the bar, and in many 
other walks of life. As a pleader his arguments were logical and sound, 
and delivered with an air of conviction which could not fail to impress both 
judge and jury. His knowledge of the law was based upon a solid foun- 
dation, and until the close of his long and useful life he took the deepest 
interest in every detail involving legal technicalities. A knotty legal prob- 
lem was to him a matter of the greatest enjoyment, and the more difficulties 
he met with in trying to find the solution, the greater was his satisfaction 
when that feat was finally accomplished. His papers on legal and other 
public subjects have come to be regarded in the nature of authorities, and 
had he desired to confine his talents to the literary field, he would have 
won a foremost place there with ease. At the time of his death he was 
engaged in writing a life of General Lee, and had completed about three 
hundred and fifty pages. It is a matter of the deepest regret that he should 
not have been permitted to finish this work, as, according to the words of 
the celebrated English war historian. Colonel Chesney, "coming from the 
talented pen of Colonel Marshall, it would have been one of the most in- 
teresting military records of modern times." 

When the Lee monument was unveiled at Richmond, Virginia, Colonel 
Marshall delivered the oration, and this masterly speech will never be for- 
gotten by those who were privileged to hear it. At the unveiling of the 
monument to General Grant in New York his eloquent address on that 
occasion so affected Mrs. Grant that she wept when he spoke to her. The 
State and national politics always held his deepest interest, and the speeches 
made by him in these causes throughout the State of Maryland were of 
vast influence wherever they were heard. He always gave his earnest sup- 
port to the Democratic party, and his last public speech was made in the 
presidential campaign of 1900. He opposed the election of W. J. Bryan 
in 1896, because of the latter's views on financial questions. Affable and 
genial in his nature, he was a welcome guest in the highest circles, but his 
modest and unassuming manner made the humblest feel at ease in his pres- 
ence. His learning was of a varied and diversified character, and it almost 
seemed as if his fund of information on all subjects must be an inexhaus- 
tible one. A friend in speaking of him said : "He was a man of magni- 
ficent intellect and exquisite modesty." And the Baltimore Siiii, in an edi- 
torial concerning the death of Colonel Marshall, has the following to say : 

"In the death of Colonel Charles Marshall, Baltimore loses one of her foremost 
citizens, a lawyer of distinguished ability, a man of strong personality and of the 
highest sense of honor, who had the respect and esteem of the entire community. 
Colonel Marshall was a member of the Virginia family which gave to the country 
one of its ablest jurists — Chief Justice Marshall of the Supreme Court of the United 
States. During the Civil War he served on the staff of General Robert E. Lee and 
possessed to a conspicuous degree the confidence of the great Southern leader. Colonel 
Marshall took an active interest in public affairs. He was a man of deep and pro- 
nounced convictions, whose influence was always exerted in behalf of good gov- 
ernment." 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 675 



ROBINSON WESLEY CATOR 

Robinson Wesley Cator, late a member of the present firm of Arm- 
strong, Cator & Company, is among that class of citizens who, in days gone 
by, added to the growth and importance of Baltimore, who became promi- 
nent by the force of their own individual character, and at a period when 
it may be truly said that there were giants in the land, giants in intellect, 
in energy and enterprise, and who, dying, left behind them imperishable 
"footprints on the sand of time", stands in the foremost rank. But few 
citizens have lived in our midst since the foundation of Baltimore, who 
have left a brighter record for every trait of character that constitutes 
real greatness, and certainly none whose memory shall float down the stream 
of time more honored and revered than that which heads this sketch. The 
record of such a life is well worthy of preservation, and in it the coming 
generation may find much for improvement and instruction. 

Robinson Wesley Cator, son of Joseph and Hannah (Broughan) Cator, 
was born on Taylor's Island, Dorchester county, Maryland, August 16, 
1826, died in February, 1902. His father followed the occupation of farm- 
ing, was a Democrat in politics and an Episcopalian in his religious affilia- 
tions. Robinson Wesley Cator was engaged in mercantile pursuits through- 
out his life, and his lifework is so closely connected with his business at 
every point, that a history of the one must of necessity mean a history of 
the other. He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal church, and while 
giving his stanch support to the Democratic party, never craved nor held 
public office, feeling that his business interests required his undivided time 
and attention. He married, December, 1849, Mary Caroline Hooper Pat- 
tison, and had eleven children, among them being : Franklin Pattison, 
William Whitfield, James H. Mr. Cator was a member of the Baltimore 
Board of Trade, one of the organizers of the Merchants' and Manufac- 
turers' Association, and a director of the Merchants' Bank and of the 
Eutaw Savings Bank. 

The history of a city is the history of its institutions and of the in- 
dividuals who have organized and developed them, and of none can this be 
said with more truth than of those men identified with the foundation and 
growth of important commercial undertakings. To this class belongs in the 
first rank the present house of Armstrong, Cator & Company, which was 
commenced in 1805 by Thomas Armstrong, and is probably the oldest com- 
mercial house in Baltimore. Individual efforts and accomplishments were 
the instruments which have led to its phenomenal success, and it is a worthy 
example of what may be attained by steady and persistent application. 
When Thomas Armstrong removed his business in 1845 to what was then 
known as Market street, between the present Calvert and Light streets, 
Robinson Wesley Cator had become his confidential adviser and practical 
manager, and two years later was admitted as a partner with equal rights, 
the firm name being changed to Armstrong & Cator. Until this time the 
business had been of a retail character, but a wholesale department was then 
started and the enterprise was at once in a flourishing condition. In 1852, 
Benjamin F. Cator, a brother of Robinson W., was admitted to partnership 
and the firm name became Armstrong, Cator & Company, a name which 
has been retained up to the present time. Four years later J. F. Bealmer 
was admitted as an additional partner, and at that time the firm was doing 
the largest millinery jobbing business of any establishment in the United 
States. They employed but five traveling salesmen at the time, the equip- 



676 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

ment of each of whom would arouse the spirit of ridicule in the traveling 
salesman of the present period. The South had always constituted the best 
trading point for this house and, at the outbreak of the Civil War, there 
was a "temporary lull in this large part of the business of the firm. Other 
territories were immediately canvassed, however, and the business returns 
remained in a fairlv satisfactory condition, considering the disturbed state 
of the country at large. In 1865, William J. H. Watters, who had been 
connected with the concern since 1848, purchased a part of the interest of 
Thomas Armstrong, and became an important member of the firm. He it 
was who made the first trip through the South and renewed the connections 
of the firm in that direction, the policy of the firm being a liberal one, and one 
which was appreciated to the fullest extent by the southern patronage. 
Thomas Armstrong died in 1868 and the interest he held at the time of his 
death was shortly thereafter purchased by William H. Pagon, who had 
been in the employ of the firm since 1857. J. McKenney White was given 
an interest in the business in 1872, retaining this until 1894, when he with- 
drew. Benjamin F. Cator died in 1872, and two years later, James H., a 
son of Robinson W. Cator, was admitted to the firm. In the meantime, in 
1873, white goods, laces, embroideries, piece white goods, ladies' fancy and 
staple neckwear, etc.. had been added to the stock of millinery supplies, 
as there were urgent demands for goods of this character, and, in 1877, 
notions, hosiery, ladies' and gents' furnishings were also added, and the 
house became the leading one in these various lines. Within recent years 
another department has been added for the sale of ladies' ready to wear 
goods, and this has proved a most decided success from its very inception. 

Franklin P. Cator, the present head of the firm, was admitted to part- 
nership in 1880, having been identified with the affairs of the business since 
1870, and in 1881 George, son of Benjamin F. Cator, was admitted, but 
withdrew at the end of ten years. 

Robinson Wesley Cator had been the dominant spirit of the business 
for more than half a century and, upon his death in 1902, the regret ex- 
pressed by all classes of the community could not have been more touch- 
ingly shown than by the compliment paid by his contemporaries, both for- 
eign and local. Not only were the places of business of those with whom 
the firm had connections closed in New York during the hours of the funeral 
services, but a special deputation was sent to Baltimore to be present at the 
obsequies. Such marks of respect to the character of a deceased merchant 
have been known in but one previous instance in the commercial history of 
the country, that of the late Alexander T. Stewart, of New York. 

In 1903, William Whitfield, another son of Robinson W. Cator, was 
admitted to the firm, and during the same year James H. Cator died. On 
February 7, 1904, one of the most disastrous conflagrations in the history 
of the United States destroyed almost the entire dry goods or jobbing sec- 
tion of Baltimore, and the fine establishment of Armstrong, Cator & Com- 
pany was among those thus ruined. It was just prior to the commence- 
ment of the spring season, and preparations had been made on an unusually 
large scale for the business of that year. The results achieved by weeks 
and months of preparation were obliterated in a single day, but the deter- 
mination and ambition of the various members of this most enterprising 
firm were equal to the almost overwhelming task before them. A new 
location was immediately sought, warehouses bought at Nos. 104 and 106 
Hopkins Place where, within ten days of the fire, they opened for business 
with complete new stocks in every department, thus proving that energy and 
executive ability were a marked characteristic of the members of this firm 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 677 

from generation to generation. In less than one and a half years the busi- 
ness was removed to the new warehouses which they occupy at the present 
time, located at Nos. 13 and 15 West Baltimore street and Nos. 8 to 18 
West Gennan street, where the most modern facilities for handling their 
enormous trade have been installed. 

William J. H. Watters and William H. Pagon died within one week 
of each other in February, 1906; in January, of the following year William 
P, Robinson joined the firm and died just three years later. His death 
was deeply deplored, not alone because of the ability with which he dis- 
charged such of the work as came in his line, but because of the true 
amiability of his character. The present members of the firm are : Frank- 
lin P. Cator, the senior partner, William Whitfield Cator, Charles A. Webb, 
and Robinson C. Pagon. Mr. Webb was admitted as a general partner in 
January, 1906, and Mr. Pagon, on January i, 19 10. 



FRANKLIN PATTISON CATOR 

Franklin Pattison Cator, the present energetic head and guiding spirit 
of the well known firm of Armstrong, Cator & Company, is a man of ex- 
ceptional ability in many directions. It was owing to his indefatigable 
efforts that, after the destructive fire of 1904, the firm was enabled in so 
comparatively short a time to resume its operations with undiminished and 
even increased vigor. A history of this firm is given in detail in connection 
with the history of Robinson W. Cator, which precedes this. 

Franklin Pattison Cator, son of Robinson Wesley and Mary Caroline 
Hooper (Pattison) Cator, was born at Baltimore, March 11, 1854. His 
education was acquired at private schools and he was graduated from 
Merillat Institute, Govanstown, Maryland. In 1869 he entered the employ 
of Armstrong, Cator & Company, becoming a member of the firm in 1880 
and is now at the head of the house, and under his capable management it 
looks forward to a long era of prosperity. In addition to his manifold 
responsibilities in connection with this business, he is a director in the 
Western National Bank and in the Central Savings Bank. He is also a 
vice-president of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association and a 
member of the Board of Trade of Baltimore. His club affiliations are with 
the Maryland, Merchants', Baltimore Country, Maryland Country and Balti- 
more Athletic. He has been a consistent supporter of Democratic prin- 
ciples but has never aspired to public ofiice of any kind. He is a member 
and vestryman of the Emmanuel Protestant Episcopal Church, in whose in- 
terests he has displayed a beneficial activity. He is a member of the board 
of directors of the Church Home and Infirmary, of the Young Men's 
Christian Association and of the Maryland Tract Society. The maternal 
grandparents of Mr. Cator were Jeremiah and Nancy Le Compte (Hooper) 
Pattison. 

Mr. Cator was married at Baltimore, January 18, 1882, to Annie Baen, 
daughter of William Richard and Annie (Baen) Hurst, and sister of Mary 
Jane (Hurst) Cookman. Mr. Hurst was a well known merchant for many 
years in Baltimore. 

Through all the varied responsibilities of life Franklin Pattison Cator 
has acquitted himself with dignity, fidelity and honor, winning the approba- 
tion of opponents as well as friends. His wide experience and great energy- 
have been signally displayed in all enterprises that he has undertaken, and 



678 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

he is eminently a thoroughly practical and a true type of an ambitious man- 
hood. Democratic in hts manners and associations, easily approached by 
any citizen no matter ho\y humble, yet he is cool, calculating and safe m all 
his business transactions. A man whose natural abilities would secure him 
prominence in any community, he seems foreordained to manage the afifairs 
of the great commercial establishment at whose head we find him, and to 
successfully grapple with the vast enterprises which must necessarily arise, 
from time 'to'time. in a metropolis as growing and important as Baltimore. 
In private, no less than in public life, he ranks among the first of his fel- 
lows : his friends are legion, to whom his many genial qualities, as well as 
his pure and high-minded conceptions of every relation of life, have en- 
deared him. and in whose respect and esteem he is securely imbedded as 
he calmly advances in his honorable and useful career. Personally he pos- 
sesses in no small degree that mysterious and magnetic charm which, in- 
tangible as the spirit of life itself, yet manifests itself with dynamic force 
in all human relations, to differentiate its possessors from the commonplace. 
His features indicate his character. There is the nervous, energetic deter- 
mination of the man appearing in every line and in every expression. 



BENJAMINE FRANKLIN BENNETT 

It has been well said that the architectural beauty of Baltimore com- 
mands the unqualified admiration of every visitor to our city, come they 
from the metropolitan centers of our own country, or be they wayfarers 
from the furthermost limits of Europe. The solid masses of brick and 
mortar that greet the eye upon every side of our commercial thoroughfare ; 
the gigantic structures of granite and marble that raise their proud heads 
heavenward; the palatial mansions of the avenues; the residences of our 
bankers, professional men and merchant princes, adorned and beautified 
with every surrounding that a cultivated taste and enormous wealth could 
suggest or command, all combine to arrest the attention and excite the 
amazement of those who behold them. To the men from whose brains 
much of this beauty has emanated, much praise is due. In this connection 
may be mentioned Ben j amine Franklin Bennett, whose reputation as a 
builder is widespread. 

He was born in Oakland, formerly in Baltimore county, but now in- 
cluded in the territory of Carroll, September 22, 1824. His father, Ben- 
j amine Bennett, was a farmer and a descendant of Thomas Bennett and 
his wife, Peggy (Tevis) Bennett, who emigrated from England and settled 
at Annapolis about 1775. The elder Benj amine Bennett, during the second 
war with England — 1812-14 — forsook his farm long enough to take up arms 
in the Nation's defence and served as a captain during the conflict. The 
early days of young Bennett were passed amid such surroundings as are 
common to sons of farmers. He was a robust lad, fully able to share in the 
labor of a farm, and was required to perform his part of the farm work. 
He was assigned a small portion of the farm which was regarded as his 
own land. On Saturdays he would work this strip of land and by the sale 
of the products which he there cultivated, he obtained his spending money 
and bought his clothes. 

Young Bennett continued on the farm until his sixteenth year. About 
this time the question arose whether he or his brother should follow in the 
father's footsteps. The brother, being the elder, was permitted to choose, 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 679 

and he determined to be a farmer. Benjamine therefore concluded to take 
up a trade, and took up his residence in Baltimore. He became an appren- 
tice in carpentry and building, on March 15, 1840, and finished his ap- 
prenticeship on September 22, 1844. After he reached the city he began 
to feel the great need of fitting himself more thoroughly for his life work, 
and he became a close student of books. With his pocket Testament, such 
works of history as he could obtain, and books upon architecture which he 
thought would be useful to him in his chosen trade, he began the task of 
self-education. 

Mr. Bennett's mother, who had been Margaret Gorsuch before her 
marriage, had inculcated in her son the earnest desire to advance in life 
and to be a credit to his family, while his early companionships taught him 
to help others as well as himself. These lessons learned in boyhood have 
borne their fruit in after years. He has constantly striven to advance in 
his profession, by study as well as by thorough work. As a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, he has contributed liberally of his time to 
almost every enterprise of the local congregations of his denomination ; 
and he has given lavishly to the work of his own and of other churches, 
and to various benevolences. 

Mr. Bennett was married on August 2^, 1848, to Eleanor A. Ward, 
by whom he had two sons and two daughters. After Mrs. Bennett's death 
her husband erected as a memorial to her Bennett Hall, one of the group 
of buildings of the Woman's College. His second wife, to whom he was 
married on the 27th of September, 1894, was Elizabeth Harwood. Bennett 
Memorial Church, in whose interest Mr. Bennett is an active worker, is a 
memorial to Allan Bennett, one of his sons by his first wife. 

Among the religious and philanthropic activities of Mr. Bennett are 
his services as trustee of the First Methodist Episcopal Church, trustee of 
Bennett Memorial Church, trustee of the Woman's College of Baltimore, 
treasurer of the board of trustees of the Woman's College, president of the 
board of trustees of the Home for the Aged, vice-president of the Mary- 
land State Temperance Alliance, and, for twenty-three years superintendent 
of the Bennett Memorial Sunday school. He is an Odd Fellow and a 
Mason. He is treasurer of the Builders' Exchange, and of the Builders* 
Exchange Building Company. The Methodist Episcopal church has given 
evidence of its appreciation of his sterling character by honoring him with a 
seat in the General Conference as alternate delegate to the highest law- 
making body of the denomination. Mr. Bennett was also a delegate to the 
first Ecumenical Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Wash- 
ington, D. C, in 1891. He gives intelligent assistance to all the various 
institutions with which he is identified. 

Among the buildings of Baltimore which have been erected from the 
plans and under the direction of Mr. Bennett, and will stand as enduring 
monuments to their builder, are the First Methodist Church at the corner 
of St. Paul and Twenty-second streets, and the noble group of stone build- 
ings near it devoted to the work of the Woman's College of Baltimore ; 
the St. Paul street residence of President Goucher recently given by him 
to the Woman's College, one of the most perfectly finished mansions in the 
city; the large and substantial red brick building on North Howard street, 
which as the Academy of Music, has furnished entertainments for more 
than one generation of Baltimoreans ; and the beautiful house of worship 
of the Mt. Vernon Methodist Church, which is one of the ornaments of 
the city. 



,68o HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 



JUDGE JAMES HARWOOD 

In the life of the late Judge James Harwood there were elements of 
greatness because of the use he made of his talents and opportunities, and 
because of his fulfilment of his duty as a man in relation to his fellowmen, 
and as a citizen in his relation to his State and country. Place and prefer- 
ment were never solicited by him, and partisan connections were con- 
sistently avoided. Yet honors were conferred upon him by his fellow citi- 
zens which have eluded the covetous grasp of those who have formed parties 
to attain them. The space he filled in the community in which he lived 
was a wider and more influential one than that occupied by any other man 
of his age in the city of Baltimore. The family from which he was de- 
scended is one of the most ancient in this country, and the lineage may be 
traced in an unbroken line to the fourteenth century. In that century lands 
were granted in East Hackbourne, county of Berkshire, to William Here- 
ward, abbot of Cirencester, to whose abbey the church and titles of Hag- 
bourne belonged. The commissioners for the preservation of peace re- 
turned the name of Johannes Hereward among the gentry of Berkshire 
in 1433. Arms : Argent, a chevron between three stag heads, caboshed 
gules. Crest : On a wreath a stag's head, caboshed gules, holding in its 
mouth an oak branch proper, acorned, or. The Johannes mentioned above 
was the ancestor of : 

(I) Harwood, of Hagbourne. 

(II) John, son of Harwood, of Hagbourne, was of East Hagbourne. 
He married Joan Hadham, of Cholsey, by whom he had children. 

(III) Ralph, second son of John and Joan (Hadham) Harwood, mar- 
ried in 1623. Children: i. John, see forward. 2. Richard, who was of 

East Hagbourne and Goriney, county of Oxford, married Elizabeth , 

and had : John, who married Elizabeth Coxhead ; and Thomas, who mar- 
ried Sarah Genge, or St. George. 

(IV) John, son of Ralph Harwood, married Anne Allen, a descendant 
of the ancient family of that name. Children: i. John. 2. Ralph, who 
was a merchant in London and died in 1684. 3. Thomas, see forward. 

(V) Captain Thomas Harwood, youngest son of John and Anne (Al- 
len) Harwood, entered the English navy and distinguished himself in the 
service of the King. He was a lieutenant of His Majesty's ship Henry, in 
which he took part in the Dutch war, June 3, 1664. The following year he 
was commander of the Return, and two years later an officer of the Royal 
Prince, the largest ship in the fleet engaged in the war. He served as "Cap- 
tain" Harwood in the Blue Squadron at the battle of Soleby in 1672, being 
one of the commanders who defeated the Dutch. Upon the conclusion of 
the war and the establishment of peace. Captain Thomas Harwood retired 
from the English navy, and became distinguished on land as he had been at 
sea. He became a justice of the peace for Berkshire county, and served as 

a sherifif for the same section in 1695. He married , daughter of 

Admiral Richard Swanley, who commanded the squadron in the Irish seas 
during the Commonwealth. They had four sons. 

(VI) Rev. Thomas Harwood, D.D., eldest son of Captain Thomas and 

(Swanley) Harwood, was of Streatley. His education was obtained 

at Eton and Oxford, and he was a learned and scholarly man. He was 
rector of Littleton, in the county of Middlesex, where he founded a school 
for the poor. He married Agnes, daughter of Captain Houlditch, of the 
Royal Navy, and governor of Cape Coast Castle. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 68i 

(VII) Richard, second son of Rev. Thomas and Agnes (Houlditch) 
Harwood, immigrated to Maryland and settled in Anne Arundel county, 
prior to 1698. In 1701 Thomas Harwood of Streatley, England, gave to 
Richard Harwood, of Anne Arundel county, Maryland, a tract of land 
called "Hooker's Purchase," in Anne Arundel county, this land to be the 
possession of Thomas, son of Richard, and his heirs forever, after the death 
of Richard. Other lands owned by Richard Harwood were : Brazenthorpe 
Hall, in Prince George's county, afterward called Harwood Hall ; Hap- 
hazard, the Lyon, on the Gunpowder river, Baltimore county. The old 
Harwood house in Annapolis, which is still inhabited by descendants of 
Richard Harwood, the immigrant, is one of the most notable houses in that 
ancient city. The entrance is a model colonial doorway and has been repro- 
duced in all its fine detail by some of the best architects of the country. It 
stands on Maryland avenue, immediately opposite the Lloyd House, known 
to the present generation as the "Chase Home,"' because bequeathed by its 
latest owners to charitable purposes. At one time this house was also owned 
and occupied by members of the Harwood family. 

Richard Harwood married Mary , and had children : i. Thomas, 

see forward. 2. Richard, who married Anne Watkins, born in 1737, and 
had nine sons and twin daughters. Among these children were : i. Colonel 
Richard, of the South River Battalion of the Colonial Militia, who married 
Mary, daughter of Major Henry Hall, and granddaughter of Rev. Henry 
Hall, rector of St. James parish. Children : a. Anne Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried Major Jonathan Sellman. b. Elizabeth Anne, married Osborne Sprigg 
Harwood. c. Richard Hall, judge of the Circuit Court of Anne Arundel 
county, married Annie Green, and had children : Eliza, who married George 
Wells, of Annapolis ; Mary Augusta, married Nicholas Green, her cousin ; 
Matilda, married David McCuUoh Brogden ; and Rebecca, who married N. 
L. Coulter, d. Henry Hall, married Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Edward 
Lloyd, of "Wye," in 1805, and had children: Betty Francis Scott Key; 
Mary, who married Dr. William Ghiselin ; Josephine, who married Edward 
G. Tilton, of the United States Navy. e. Joseph, who married (first) Anne 
Chapman, (second) Matilda Sparrow, and had: Ann Matilda, married 
Charles Hoops ; James, married Ann Mackall ; Chapman, married Elizabeth 
Claude ; Margaret, married Dr. William Watkins, of Howard, and their 
son, Harwood, editor of the Ellicott City Times, was a popular young law- 
yer who died in early manhood, f. Thomas, was a lawyer in Baltimore, and 
died unmarried, g. Mary, married Thomas Noble Harwood, her cousin. 
h. Henrietta, married Thomas Cowman and had children : Thomas, who 
married Matilda Battie ; Richard, who married Harriet Green, who later 
became the wife of Thomas Hall, whose daughter, Henrietta, married Wil- 
liam Hall, of Annapolis, j. Benjamin, married (first) Henrietta Maria 
Battie and had children : Lucinda Margaret, married Dr. John Henry 
Sellman, her first cousin ; Ann Caroline, married Benjamin Harrison, of 
Baltimore ; Henrietta Eliza, married George, son of Chancellor John John- 
son. Benjamin married (second) Margaret, a daughter of William Hall, 
his cousin, and had children: Benjamin, who resided in Mississippi; IMary 
Dryden, who married Thomas Kent ; Priscilla, who married John B. Weems, 
and had : Ann Bell and Mary Dorsey. ii. Thomas, was the first treasurer 
of the Western Shore of Maryland, under Council of Safety, about 1776, 
an office he held until his death. Among his descendants are : Richard, 

who married Callahan, whose son William married Hester Ann 

Lockerman, and whose descendants hold the Harwood House at An- 
napolis at the present time. iii. John, married Mary, daughter of Major 



682 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Henry Hall. iv. Samuel, married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and 
Elizabeth (Noble) Stockett. They removed to Montgomery county and 
their daughter became the wife of Alexander Warfield, of the Seneca, v. 

Nicholas, had children : Sarah, who married Duvall, and one of her 

descendants is Dr. Marius Duvall, of the United States_ Navy ; Mary, who 
married William S. Green, and whose descendant, Eliza, married James 
Henry Iglehart ; Matilda, married John Nicholas Watkins ; Nicholas, mar- 
ried 5lar\- Augusta Harwood, his cousin, vi. Benjamin, who succeeded his 
brother Thomas as treasurer of the Western Shore, was unmarried, and 
some years ago a miniature and trinkets which belonged to him were found 
in the treasury. 

(Mil) Major Thomas Harwood, son of Richard and Mary Harwood, 
lived in Prince (George's county after his marriage. He married Sarah Belt. 

(IN) Captain Thomas Harwood, son of Major Thomas and Sarah 
(Belt) Harwood, was born in Queen Anne's parish. Prince George's county, 
Marvland. and was under the command of General Smallwood. He mar- 
ried Rachel Sprigg. of Osborne, Prince George's county, whose family was 
also one of the oldest in the state. Children: i. Thomas, see forward. 2. 
Osborne Sprigg, married Elizabeth Anne, daughter of Colonel Richard and 
Mary (Hall) Harwood. Children: Margaret, married William John Hall, 
her cousin, and had a daughter, Priscilla ; another daughter married Francis 
Henry Stockett, of Annapolis ; Harriet Kent, married Philip G. Schurar, of 
Annapolis : William Sprigg, married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and 
Elizabeth (Sellman) Welsh; Rachel Ann, married James Iglehart and had 
children : Anne Sellman, who married James I. Waddell ; Harwood, who 

married Kent ; James, married Sallie Waddell, and was killed at the 

battle of Gettysburg; and William Thomas, married Catherine Spottswood 
Berkeley, a lineal descendant of Governor Berkeley, of Virginia. 3. Mar- 
garet, who married William Hall. 4. Rachel, who married Major Harry 
Hall, one of whose descendants is Dr. Julius Hall of Baltimore. 5. Lucy, 
who married (first) John Battle, (second) Colonel Richard Harwood. 

(X) Thomas, eldest child of Captain Thomas and Rachel (Sprigg) 
Harwood, married and had children. 

(XI) James, son of Thomas Harwood, was born in 1791 and died in 
1847. Of ^^1 the distinguished men who have shed luster on the State of 
^Maryland, whether born within her boundaries or on other soil, none has 
a better record, or a stronger hold upon the affections of the people by 
reason of his genial, warm-hearted nature, and the keen intellect which kept 
all the gentler and tenderer qualities of his nature in the proper balance. 
His education was an excellent one and was acquired in the best private 
schools of the day, and it is a remarkable fact that, although he never made 
a special study of law, he was one of the ablest lawyers of his time. It is 
also remarkable that his business ability was on a par with his legal acumen. 
In these widely varied lines of endeavor he was considered by those best 
fitted to judge of such matters, to be one of the authorities to be consulted 
in matters of unusual difficulty. And the ability which characterized his 
proceedings in the law and in business matters was equally apparent in any 
problem, however difficult, which he undertook to solve. As mentioned at 
the commencement of this sketch, he was strictly non-partisan, yet he was 
chosen by an overwhelming vote to the office of judge of the orphans' court 
of Baltimore City, and many other offices of trust and responsibility were 
tendered for his acceptance. While he would accept no actual office in 
business institutions, he was connected as an ex-officio adviser with numer- 
ous banks and other financial institutions. As a citizen he was universally 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 683 

esteemed, and always sustained the character of a true man. His business 
transactions were conducted on a basis of strict integrity, and he fulfilled to 
the letter every trust committed to his care. Systematic, studious, opti- 
mistic and persevering are words which best describe him. His religious 
affiliations were with the Episcopal church, to whose needs he was a liberal 
and consistent contributor, and no work was undertaken in the name of 
charity or religion to which he refused support. 

Judge Harwood married (first) Sarah Elizabeth Greenbury, daughter- 
of Bishop James Kemp, of JMaryland, recognized as one of the most famous 
Episcopalian clergymen of this country. Children : Edward Noel Cox, 
who died young ; James Kemp, of the United States Navy, a member of 
the famous Perry expedition to Japan (a sketch of whom follows). Judge 
Harwood married (second), Susan (Hyatt) Heinman, widow of Colonel 
Jacob Heinman, of the United States Army, and had children : Graham, 
who died at the age of nine years ; Asenath, who lives at the Hotel Rennert, 
Baltimore, and is a woman of more than usual intelligence, tact and benevo- 
lence. All of these children were educated in private schools and under 
the best masters procurable. 

Judge Harwood's wife was Sarah Elizabeth Greenbury, daughter of 

James and (Hall) Kemp, the former second Bishop of the Diocese 

of Maryland. Bishop Kemp was a native of Scotland, born in 1764, in the 
parish of Keith Hall, Aberdeenshire, and reared in the Presbyterian faith. 
He was educated in the grammar schools of Aberdeen and at Marschal Col- 
lege, where he took his degree in 1786, remaining a year longer than usual 
in order to attend the divinity lectures of the celebrated Dr. George Camp- 
bell, also turning his attention to various ornamental branches of literature. 
He was very strongly urged to adopt mercantile pursuits, for which he was 
w^ell fitted by nature, but finding himself averse to this course, he determined 
to embark for the United States and set sail in April, 1787. He came to 
Maryland and spent two years as a private tutor in Dorchester county, at 
the same time continuing his theological studies. His religious opinions, 
however, underwent a change and he joined the Protestant Episcopal 
church. In December, 1789, he was ordained, and in August of the follow- 
ing year became rector of Great Choptank parish. For nearly a quarter of 
a century he labored on the Eastern Shore, his piety and zeal and above 
all, his Christian charity, commanding the love and veneration of all. He 
was active in his efiforts to ameliorate the condition of the colored race for 
whose welfare he felt a deep solicitude. In 1813 he was associated with the 
Rev. Dr. Beasly in the rectorship of St. Paul's parish, Baltimore, previous to 
w^hich appointment he had been made Doctor of Divinity by Columbia Col- 
lege, New York. In 1814 he was elected by the convention of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church in Maryland to act as Suffragan Bishop during 
the lifetime of Bishop Claggett, and in September of the same year was 
consecrated at New Brunswick, New Jersey, by the venerable William 
White, presiding Bishop of the Church. In 1816 Bishop Kemp was ad- 
vanced by the death of Bishop Claggett to the position of diocesan, and 
continued to discharge the duties of his office until 1827, when he visited 
Philadelphia to assist in the consecration of Right Rev. Dr. H. U. Onder- 
donk, and on his homeward journey was fatally injured by the overthrow of 
the stagecoach in which he was a passenger, dying three days later, on Oc- 
tober 28. Eminent as a man of learning and a minister of the gospel, he 
was also a most public-spirited citizen, earnestly interested in all benevolent 
enterprises, the sympathies of his large heart and liberal spirit extending 
far beyond the bounds of his own church. 



684 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

The friends of Judge Harwood were many and devoted to him. 
Among- this number was the late John P. Kennedy, LL.D., who was active 
in the"\\"ar of 1812, held a high rank in literary work, was prominent in 
political matters, and it was owing to his efforts that Morse secured an 
appropriation to enable him to continue his experiments with the magnetic 
telegraph. The natural endowments of Judge Harwood were great; his 
intehect was luminous and vigorous, and he regarded law as a science, the 
most intricate problem of which it was his privilege and his delight to 
master and unravel. His eloquence was pleasing, without being florid, and 
persuasive without being vehement. He possessed in no small degree that 
mysterious and magnetic charm which, intangible as the spirit of life itself,, 
vet manifests itself with dynamic force in all human relations, to differen- 
tiate its possessor from the commonplace. 



JAMES KEMP HARWOOD 

The late Major James Kemp Harwood, who, as a member of the: 
United States Navy, accompanied the famous Perry expedition to Japan 
and later served with distinction in both the army and navy of the Con- 
federacy, was for many years one of Baltimore's most honored citizens^ 
the family being now represented here by his son, Stephen Paul Harwood, a 
well known member of the bar. Major Harwood was of ancient English- 
stock, his lineage being traced back in unbroken line to the fourteenth cen- 
tury. 

James Kemp, son of James and Sarah Elizabeth Greenbury (Kemp) 
Harwood, was born in 1824, in St. Paul's rectory, corner of Saratoga and' 
Liberty streets, Baltimore. He graduated at St. John's College, Annapolis. 
As a young man he was employed by the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, but 
after a time was compelled, in consequence of failing health, to relinquish' 
his work, and then took a trip to South America. On his return he received 
from President Fillmore, through John P. Kennedy, a friend of Judge Har- 
wood, an appointment as purser in the United States navy. While serving 
with this rank he accompanied Commodore Perry on the world-renowned 
expedition which resulted in the opening of the trade ports of Japan. Sub- 
sequently Purser Harwood became paymaster, serving until the beginning 
of the Civil War, when he resigned to enter the Confederate navy, in which 
he served during the early years of the conflict. In the latter part of the 
struggle he was transferred to the army with the rank of major. 

In politics Major Harwood was a Democrat, and as a citizen maintained 
the traditions of his family, lending his aid and influence to any plan for 
public improvement which commended itself to his best judgment, and ex- 
erting a quiet but potent force in matters municipal and political. LTnos- 
tentatiously charitable, he was identified with a number of the benevolent 
institutions of the city. He belonged to the Maryland Historical Society 
and the Maryland Club, and was a member of St. Paul's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church. 

Major Harwood married, in 1859, in Baltimore, Henrietta R., daughter 
of John Glenn, judge of the L^nited States district court of Baltimore, and" 
Henrietta Wilkens, his wife, whose other children were : John, Wilkens, 
Mary, Anne and Lucy. Major and Mrs. Harwood were the parents of the 
following children: i. Harry, born about 1861, gentleman rider; died in 
1888, in consequence of a fall from a horse in Washington, D. C. 2. Mary 





^amed 'L/lemh Jflanmood 





«A/- (yU\,^^,c^JiA^d/trv'^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 685 

Lucy, born May i, 1867; married Charles W. Segrave, of Kiltyman, New- 
town, Mount Kennedy, Ireland; died August 26, 1898, leaving one son, 
Henry O'Neil de Hand Segrave. 3. James Graham, born October 23, 1870; 
died unmarried, December 6, 1898. 4. Alice, died in infancy. 5. Stephen 
Paul, mentioned below. 

Major Harwood died December 19, 1895, at his Baltimore home, be- 
queathing to his children the rich legacy of a useful life and an unstained 
name. The descendant of a valiant race, he served many years by sea and 
land, and his sword was never drawn save at the behest of duty and honor. 

Stephen Paul, youngest child of James Kemp and Henrietta R. (Glenn) 
Harwood, was born May 4, 1877, made choice of the law as a profession 
and was admitted to the bar. Mr. Harwood married, February 14, 1901, 
Charlotte Saxton Sibley, of Detroit, Michigan, and four children have been 
born to them: James Kemp (2), Francis Campau, Stephen Paul (2), and 
Charlotte Sibley. 



WILLIAM HAMILTON ANDERSON 

William Hamilton Anderson, superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League 
of Maryland, is one of the men who impart impetus to any cause to which 
they devote themselves, and who when their lives are consecrated to a work 
worthy of their best energies accomplish unprecedented results. That such 
results have attended the labors of Mr. Anderson his record of service in 
different parts of the United States bears abundant witness. Mr. Anderson's 
descent from Scotch-Irish ancestors explains both his inflexible determina- 
tion and his readiness at repartee, two characteristics for which he is espe- 
cially noted. 

William E. P. Anderson, father of William Hamilton Anderson, was 
born May 31, 1850, and is a grandson of Colonel James C. Anderson, who 
in 1835 went to Illinois from Kentucky, the family having had its original 
home in Virginia. Mr. Anderson is a well-known lawyer, still engaged in 
the practice of his profession. He married Elinor Hamilton, born near 
Bloomington, Illinois, a descendant of ancestors who removed thither from 
Ohio. The Hamilton family was represented in the Patriot army of the 
Revolution. 

William Hamilton Anderson, son of William E. P. and Elinor (Hamil- 
ton) Anderson, was born August 8, 1874, in Carlinville, Illinois. He re- 
ceived his preparatory education in the elementary and high schools of his 
native place, passing thence to Blackburn College at Carlinville, where he 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Science. He was then engaged 
for two years in teaching, and this period he now looks back upon as con- 
stituting a very valuable part of his education. At its close he entered the 
Law School of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and at the age of 
twenty-one received from this institution the degree of Bachelor of Laws. 

Mr. Anderson began the practice of his profession at Carlinville, and 
during the next four years achieved a success remarkable for so young a 
man, but not to be wondered at in view of Mr. Anderson's thorough knowl- 
edge of the law and his natural gifts as a public speaker. January i, 1900, 
he became attorney for the Anti-Saloon League of Illinois, with head- 
quarters at Springfield. His exceptional fitness for the temperance work 
was quickly recognized, and in November of the same year he became 
superintendent of the League for the state of Illinois, removing his head- 
quarters to Chicago in 1903. January i, 1906, he became associate superin- 



686 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

tendent for New York state, with headquarters in Buffalo, and on February 
I, 1907, came to Baltimore as state superintendent for Maryland. In the 
adoption of his life-work Mr. Anderson was actuated by an overmastering 
sense of duty, recognizing the tremendous necessity of the cause for expert 
knowledge. The sacrifice of financial gains which his choice involved 
weighednothing with a man of his temperament and disposition, in com- 
parison with the need for his services in a cause of such vital importance 
to the welfare of the human race. Enthusiastic and happy in his work, he 
is daily more than compensated for any loss of temporal wealth. 

The singular strength of Mr. Anderson's personality has always ex- 
erted a powerful influence on his associates and subordinates. He is one of 
those men who seem to find the happiness of life in the success of their 
work, and in his calling has reared to himself a magnificent testimonial of 
his enterprise and unfaltering determination, as the following record most 
strikingly sets forth. 

He drafted the present local option law of Illinois ; federated all the 
leading denominations of the state into the Anti-Saloon League ; in New 
York re-organized the work "up-state;" served four years as president of 
the Springfield (Illinois) District Epworth League; was lay delegate to the 
General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Los Angeles in 
1904, and at Baltimore in 1908; was secretary of the Temperance Com- 
mittee of both General Conferences, and drafted the present statement of 
the church on the subject; since 1904 has been chairman of the Legislative 
Committee of the standing Temperance Society of the church, authorized 
to represent the church in matters of national temperance legislation. In 
view of this record Mr. Anderson might well be considered entitled to seek 
exemption from public service, but he is one of the men to whom such ex- 
emption is never granted, men who are never permitted to doff the armor 
and relinquish the standard to other hands. 

The offices in the American Building from which Mr. Anderson sends 
out to his workers vibrations of his own energy have recently been in- 
creased in number, the office force receiving large additions ; changes ren- 
dered necessary by the rapid increase in the equipment and constituency 
of the League. Mr. Anderson is now organizing forces in Baltimore, and 
in four years made local option such an issue in the state that both Repub- 
lican and Democratic candidates for governor in 191 1 declared in favor of 
the principle and pledged themselves to sign the bill. He finds in Maryland 
much of the Southern sentiment against the liquor traffic, and Baltimore, 
largely owing to the efforts of this one man, will in all probability be the 
first city of half a million or more to become a temperance municipality. His 
definition of true success is worth commending to men of all callings and of 
every walk in life : "Success consists in the accomplishment of what one 
feels that it is his duty to do." Also, what he considers the sine qua non 
of success : "Enthusiasm sufficient to add zest to one's work." In these 
two sentences may be found the keynote to his character and the secret of 
his achievement. 

Not only is Mr. Anderson a very keen debater, forceful and incisive, 
but he has a widespread reputation as one of the orators of the cause. His 
voice is clear, round and capable of expressing intense pathos, his address 
always winning and never failing to command the attention of his audience. 
Versatile, eloquent, logical and at times jocularly entertaining, he is par- 
ticularly happy in the choice of language, and his sentences, while free from 
anything which indicates study, are faultless in formation. He possesses 
exceptional power of rousing the emotions and touching the heart, a power 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 687 

which he uses for the uplifting of humanity. Personally he seems to radi- 
ate force and enthusiasm. Over six feet tall, with brown eyes whose pierc- 
ing glance penetrates to the very souls of his listeners, the power of his 
trenchant words is doubled by the peculiar force of his magnetic personality. 

But not only as a speaker does Mr. Anderson address audiences. He 
reaches an even greater number through the many able articles on temper- 
ance which have come from his facile pen and have appeared in church 
organs, newspapers and magazines, and the Anti-Saloon League's own 
weekly paper, the American Issue, of which he is the Maryland editor. 
Amid his multifarious duties he finds time to cement the bonds of frater- 
nity, affiliating with Mount Nebo Lodge, No. 76, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, Carlinville, Illinois. 

Mr. Anderson married, at Carlinville, Clarice Otwell, granddaughter 
of the first Methodist Episcopal minister in that part of Illinois (originally 
from North Carolina), and a lineal descendant of John Alden and Priscilla 
Molines, or Mullins, of "Mayflower" fame. Mr. and Mrs. Anderson are 
the parents of two children : Frederic Otwell and Elinor Hamilton. Mrs. 
Anderson is one of those rare women who combine with perfect womanli- 
ness and domesticity an unerring judgment, and is thus fitted to be to her 
husband not alone a charming companion, but a confidante and adviser. 

Through his mother Mr. Anderson holds membership in the Sons of the 
American Revolution and the salient traits of the "heroes of '76" are plainly 
discernible in his character. He is one of those men who are natural and 
acknowledged leaders, who have the power of evoking enthusiasm and are 
never allowed to remain long in retirement. As the soldiers of Henry of 
Navarre rallied around that hero so will his fellow citizens of Baltimore 
demand Mr. Anderson's leadership, flock to his support and press where 
they see his "white plume shine amid the ranks of war." And when his 
"warfare is accomplished," he will leave behind him "footprints on the 
sands of time;" 

Footprints that, perhaps, another, 
Sailing o'er life's solemn main, 
A forlorn and shipwrecked brother, 
Seeing, shall take heart again. 



JOHN PRENTISS POE 

The late John Prentiss Poe, Attorney-General of the State of Maryland 
and Codifier of her Laws, occupied for half a century a foremost place in 
that distinguished company of jurists which so ably maintained the position 
of national pre-eminence held for generations by the Baltimore bar. 

The Poe family is a very ancient one and is of Irish origin, the first 
authentic record we have of it being that of Dr. Poe, an eminent surgeon, 
who was physician to Queen Elizabeth, James the First and Charles the 
First, in succession, and to whom was granted a coat-of-arms for distin- 
guished medical service. After that period we find the family in Harley 
Park, county Tipperary, Ireland, whence early in the eighteenth century 
came John Poe, founder of the Maryland branch. Among the kinsmen of 
his descendants was Edgar Allan Poe, held by many to be the greatest of 
American poets. 

Nelson Poe, father of John Prentiss Poe, was a native of Maryland and 
in high standing at the bar of his State. His son says of him that he was 
characterized by "public spirit, courage, intellectual vigor, devotion to lit- 



688 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

erature; great elegance, force and skill as a writer; strength and fervor 
as a speaker: and was of a most gracious and attractive personality, and of 
singular beauty and purity of life." Mr. Poe married his cousin, Josephine 
Eniily Clemm.' who is described by their son as "a woman of rare gentle- 
ness.' combined with unusual strength of character. She and my father 
studied diligently together in their childhood and early youth, and were 
married when he was twenty-two and she twenty-one years of age. My 
mother's nature was deeply religious and pious and her influence in our 
household was always of the best^ and strongest. Her memory is cherished 
with the tenderest affection and the deepest reverence." 

John Prentiss, son of Nelson and Josephine Emily (Clemm) Poe, was 
born August 22, 1836, in Baltimore. His early education was obtained in 
the public schools of that city and in the French and English Academy of 
Professor Boursaud, after which he was for a time a student at St. Mary's 
College. At an early age he matriculated at Princeton University, whence 
he graduated in June, 1854, immediately thereafter returning to Baltimore 
and" securing a position as clerk in the Commercial and Farmers' Bank. 
The early age at which he received his degree of Bachelor of Arts was due 
in part to an inherited taste for study and partly to the constant encourage- 
ment and assistance of a wise father. The love of literature which ever 
remained one of his salient characteristics was derived from both his par- 
ents. In 1904, on the fiftieth anniversary of his graduation, the honorary 
degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred on him by his alma mater. 

While performing the duties of his position Mr. Poe commenced read- 
ing law under the preceptorship of his father, and for sixteen months served 
as librarian of the Library of the Baltimore Bar, thus enjoying an excellent 
opportunity for pursuing his legal studies. On his twenty-first birthday, 
August 22, 1857, he was admitted to practice in the Superior Court of Balti- 
more; in the court of appeals of Maryland in December of the same year; 
and in the supreme court of the United States in January, 1858. He at 
once entered upon the practice of his profession, in which he was continu- 
ously engaged for more than fifty years. Strong in reasoning and forceful 
in argument, he possessed withal great powers of wit, irony and sarcasm, 
while all the resources of a carefully cultivated mind were brought into 
service by a wonderful memory. In the trial courts he was a famous cross- 
examiner of witnesses, and his fidelity to the interests of his clients, to- 
gether with his skill in taking advantage of every circumstance that would 
tend in their favor, were extraordinary. 

From the outset of his career Mr. Poe was prominent in political mat- 
ters, always advocating the principles of Jeffersonian Democracy, and for 
forty years serving as one of the strongest champions of the party in which 
he believed, achieving in that capacity a National reputation. From Feb- 
ruary, 1871, to February, 1888, he served as one of the commissioners of 
public schools for Baltimore, rendering valuable aid to the cause of educa- 
tion, and at the same time taking profound interest in the training of candi- 
dates for admission to the bar. In 1885 he was president of the Baltimore 
Tax Commission, and in 1886 president of the State Tax Commission. 
From 1882 to 1884 he served as city counsellor, and from 1890 to 1891 was 
State senator. In the latter year he was elected attorney-general of the 
State of Maryland, and served with honorable distinction a four years' 
term. 

In 1869 Mr. Poe was elected a regent of the University of Maryland, 
was appointed professor of law when the law school of that institution was 
established, and subsequently became dean of the faculty, a position which 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 689 

he held for the remainder of his hfe. In the law school of the University 
he was a constant lecturer on the subjects of pleading, practice, evidence, 
damages and torts, exercising a vast influence on the legal profession in 
Maryland by his eminent services in this direction. 

As an author Mr. Poe has for many years been a recognized authority. 
As a result of his Law School lectures he prepared for publication in two 
large volumes a text-book on Pleading and Practice at Lazv, which is in 
constant use by both bench and bar, having gone through four editions. 
The first two cases argued by him in the court of appeals of Maryland are 
reported in Eleventh Maryland Reports, and with the exception of Twelfth 
Maryland every succeeding volume of the State reports, up to and including 
the One Hundred and Eleventh Maryland, contains reports of cases in 
which he appeared as counsel. He was frequently called upon for obituary 
addresses in honor of distinguished judges and lawyers of Maryland, and 
many of these eulogies have been preserved in the Maryland Reports, fur- 
nishing ample proof of his oratorical elegance and force. 

In 1885 Mr. Poe compiled a supplement to the Baltimore Code of City 
Ordinances, and in 1893 a new Baltimore City Code. In 1886, by reason 
of his eminent fitness for the work, Mr. Poe was appointed by the General 
Assembly to prepare the Maryland Code of Public, General and Local Laws, 
and his codification — known as the "Poe Code" — was adopted in the act 
of 1888, and re-adopted in 1890. As a whole it is as perfect a code of laws 
as can be found in any State of the Union. Mr. Poe also compiled Supple- 
ments to the Public General Laws in 1898 and 1900, and a new Code of the 
Public General Laws in 1903. Upon the destruction of the latter work in 
the great Baltimore fire of 1904, he was authorized by the General Assembly 
to prepare a new code, embodying the whole general law of the State, in- 
cluding the legislation of 1904. 

In 1899 Mr. Poe was president of the State Bar Association, and in 
1900 president of the Bar Association of Baltimore City. For more than 
fifty years he was a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal church. His 
favorite relaxation, in his own words, was : "watching the manly athletics 
of others." 

Mr. Poe married, March 2, 1863, Anne Johnson Hough. Children : S. 
Johnson ; Edgar Allan, a sketch of whom follows ; John P. ; Nelson ; Arthur ; 
Gresham; Mrs. Alfred Tyler; Mrs. S. N. Duer; and Margaretta Poe. Mr. 
Poe possessed a most lovable personality. He was pre-eminently a family 
man, a devoted husband, father and brother, and his real joys after a day 
of strenuous professional labor were the joys of the home life. His sons 
and himself were on terms of comradeship rare between father and son, and 
he discussed with them the glories of Princeton — the Alma Mater of both 
generations — and the affairs of the football team of which all the sons were 
members. He was a most incomparable entertainer — possessed of a singu- 
lar fund of humor and graphic powers of description, controlled always by 
great kindliness of disposition. A man of many friends, he was noted for 
his beneficence and public spirit, and no good work done in the name of 
charity or religion sought his co-operation in vain. Dressed, as he usually 
was, in severe black, he presented, with his clear-cut. refined, closely-shaven 
face, the appearance of one who was, above all, a thinker and scholar, but 
there was about him, nevertheless, an air of innate power which indicated 
unmistakably the man of action. 

Mr. Poe possessed a remarkable memory, and members of the bar who 
crossed swords with him in legal battles declare that he seemed to have at 
his tongue's end the particulars of every case in the Maryland Reports, and 



690 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

that it was seldom that he could not refer, offhand, to the volume and page 
where each case occurs. It was this extraordinary memory which gave to 
his prepared speeches in political campaigns the stamp of spontaneity. This 
does not mean that he seldom spoke extemporaneously, for some of his wit- 
tiest and most vigorous speeches were made on the spur of the moment, 
and his ready references to cases and circumstances, conjoined to his wide 
and intimate' acquaintance with English literature, made him at all times 
a formidable opponent in debate. He was particularly fond of Shakespeare, 
but while he read the master closely it was as a lover, and not as a student 
or critic. In Scott and other masters of English prose he took great de- 
light, and the night before he was stricken with paralysis sat up reading 
Quoitin Duni'ard. 

Mr. Poe died on October 14, 1909, "full of years and of honors." Many 
were the tributes offered to the memory of one who had so long furnished 
an example of professional honor and achievement and of public and private 
virtue. The Baltimore Nezvs said, editorially : 

The death of John Prentiss Poe removes one of the few remaining links which 
connect this day with the bar and the poHtics of ante-bellum days. Few men in the 
Cit>' or State were better known or had a larger circle of friends. In his death 
the bar loses a leader and his party an adviser upon whom it always relied. 

Mr. Poe was an exceptional man in many ways. He was geniality and courtesy, 
good nature and good breeding personified. He had a way with him which made 
firm and lasting friends of those with whom he came in contact. He was one of the 
men who give to a political party abiding faith, and who could no more desert it 
when it is in trouble than he could desert a friend who had stood by him in time 
of need. He had little patience with the view that parties are but means with which 
to secure ends, and that their adherents are at liberty and, in good citizenship, ought 
to leave them, when the ends they seek to attain can be better had in other ways. 
He believed that the Democratic party in this State was best fitted to govern, and 
gave it a life-long, devoted and valuable service, writing its platforms on many 
occasions, and was always regarded as one of its staunchest supporters and advisers. 
For fifty years he had been intimate with its leaders, and for the last thirty years one 
of its most trusted counsellors. 

As an attorney in much of the important litigation which has been before the 
courts during this generation, as attorney-general of the State, as dean of the law 
faculty of the University of Maryland, as a consulting lawyer of acknowledged ability, 
as an author of legal works of real worth, and as codifier of our laws, few men have 
filled so diversified a field or have shown so great a capacity for work. He died — 
as he, no doubt, would have wished — in the harness, and left a host of friends to 
regret hirru 

Editorially, The Sun said, in part : 

John Prentiss Poe was a great figure in this State for more than a generation. 
Few men took so conspicuous and important a part in public affairs from the time 
the Democratic party came back to power after the close of the war to the present 
time. In all those years he framed more important laws, wrote more party platforms 
and other public documents than any other man in the State. He had a capacity for 
work that was marvellous, and the amount he could accomplish in a given time was 
always a subject of wonder. He had an extensive law practice, wrote law books, was 
dean of the faculty of the Law School of the University of Maryland and a lecturer 
there for many years. He twice codified the laws of the State. But he never was 
too much occupied to aid a friend or help in the guidance of his party. He was an 
earnest party man, and his conspicuous position in his party naturally made him a 
target for the opposition. Nevertheless, his courtesy, amiability and kindness never 
failed. His manner was so charming and gracious, his personality so attractive, that 
few could resist him. He was overflowing with the milk of human kindness, cheerful, 
full of sympathy and abounded in works of charity. He was an earnest churchman 
and a sincere Christian, a man of pure and blameless life, singularly domestic in his 
tastes and devoted to his family. His nature was gentle and forgiving. He harbored 
no resentment even against those who did him injury. He was a fine lawyer, a 
logical, persuasive and convincing speaker, and strong at the trial table. To those 
who knew him best it was not a matter of .surprise that he so easily assumed position 
among the leading men of his party in the United States. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 691 

The death of John Prentiss Poe has brought genuine grief to many households 
and caused general regret throughout Maryland. 

The names and achievements of many who have won renown which 
entitles them to the gratitude of mankind are recorded in stone and bronze, 
but John Prentiss Poe needs no such perishable monument. His fame is 
preserved in the legal and political life of his native State which he did so 
much to mold, and his example of integrity, purity and high-minded en- 
deavor lives to inspire future generations. 



EDGAR ALLAN POE 

Edgar Allan Poe, Attorney-General of Maryland, and for a number 
of years one of the foremost lawyers at the Baltimore Bar, is a son of the 
late John Prentiss Poe, and his wife, Anne Johnson (Hough) Poe. 

Edgar Allan Poe was born September 15, 1871, in Baltimore. He re- 
ceived his preparatory education in the private school of George G. Carey, 
in which numerous famous men obtained their early training. From this 
institution he went to Princeton University, graduating in the class of 1891 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Immediately thereafter he entered 
the Law School of the University of Maryland, completing the entire course 
in two years and graduating in 1893, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. 
For thirteen months after his admission to the bar Mr. Poe traveled in 
Europe as tutor to a scion of a wealthy family, returning in October, 1894, 
and in the early part of 1895 became associated with his father and one of 
his brothers in the law firm of John P. Poe & Sons, the practice of which 
was a large one in both the State and Federal courts. Of an independent 
and determined character, Mr. Poe was firm in his resolve to build up his 
own reputation, and it is to this ambition, which he has maintained through- 
out his life, that his success must be ascribed. During his year of foreign 
travel he had devoted considerable time to observing the methods in vogue 
at foreign courts of justice, and he has always been one of the most in- 
dustrious students of his profession, the depth of his legal learning cor- 
responding to the intensity of his application. Always logical in the pre- 
sentation of a case, his facts are marshalled in a convincing manner which 
never fails to make a deep impression on his hearers. Never does he seem 
to lose his self-possession, endowed as he is with the power of rapid and 
systematic thought and great readiness of resource. 

A Democrat by tradition, Mr. Poe is also a Democrat from conviction, 
believing profoundly in the principles of the party. In January, 1900, he 
was appointed by the late Robert M. McLane deputy state's attorney for 
Baltimore City, serving until May, 1903, when he was appointed to fill the 
unexpired term of Mr. McLane who was then elected mayor, and resigned 
the office of state's attorney. In November, 1903, Mr. Poe resigned this 
position in order to accept that of deputy city solicitor. In September. 1908, 
he became city solicitor, and in November, 191 1, was elected attorney-gen- 
eral. 

In 1897 Mr. Poe was appointed a professor of law in the Law School 
of the Baltimore University, and in 1900 and 1901 became connected with 
the faculty of the Baltimore Law School. In 1901 he became connected 
with the faculty of the Law School of the University of Maryland, of which 
his father had for many years been the Dean. Mr. Poe is the only man who 
has taught in the three law schools of the city of Baltimore. 



692 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

\\'hile a student at Princeton University Mr. Poe was one of the foot- 
ball eleven, and has retained his fondness for outdoor sports. He does not 
believe that professional duties should prevent all social intercourse, and is 
a member of the Baltimore Club, Junior Club and the Bachelors' Cotillon. 
While at Princeton he held membership in the Ivy Qub. 

Mr. Poe married, December 10, 1895, Annie T. McCay, of Baltimore, 
and they are the parents of one son, Edgar Allan Poe Jr. Mr. and Mrs. 
Poe are' communicants of St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Poe is the son of an illustrious father and no higher praise can 
be accorded him than the statement that his record is not unworthy to sup- 
plement that of John Prentiss Poe. 



WILLIAM WATSON McINTIRE 

William Watson Mclntire, of Baltimore, is a man who, to use a favor- 
ite expression of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, has "done things". He has 
done things for Baltimore and for Maryland, which have been of enduring 
benefit to both city and state. It was largely through his efforts, as a mem- 
ber of congress, that Baltimore has a deep channel from its harbor to the 
sea. It is mainly through his efforts that Maryland retains within its ter- 
ritory' the United States Naval Academy, and that the magnificent group of 
buildings which make the academy the most imposing of its kind in the 
world was erected. It was largely by his work that the Baltimore custom 
house was built. Nor are these the only achievements of this public-spirited 
man. for the public benefit. He has stood for political uprightness, and the 
right kind of reform, and as a member of the city council of Baltimore in 
1886, he started inquiries and investigations into the conduct of the city 
government which resulted in better methods. 

Mr. Mclntire is of Scotch-Irish and German parentage and a son of 
the late James H. and Ellanora Mclntire. He was born in Chambersburg, 
Pennsylvania, June 29, 1850. While yet an infant, his parents removed 
across Mason and Dixon's line to Hagerstown, Maryland, and there the 
childhood and youth of William W. Mclntire were spent. As a boy he wit- 
nessed the mighty events which took place in and around the little city from 
1 86 1 to 1865. He saw company after company march off to fight for the 
Union. He saw many going southward to fight for the Confederacy. He 
saw troops moving down the Sharpsburg pike to join Lee's army on the day 
before the bloody battle of Antietam. He saw the smoke of that battle and 
from South Mountain heard the roar of artillery. He stood on the side- 
walk in Hagerstown and saw Lee's victorious and magnificent army pass 
through in an almost interminable line to Gettysburg. He saw the same 
army return defeated and defiantly intrench itself with its face to the foe 
and its back to the swollen river which it could not pass. He, however, 
almost unnoticed, was around Meade's headquarters, with a boy's curiosity 
to know what was going on while that general was deciding whether or not 
to attack Lee. He saw McCaulsland's raid and many more raids and with a 
boy's heedlessness took risks that more than once brought him face to face 
with death, and he played many pranks with the soldiers, who were con- 
stantly in Hagerstown. 

His first employment was in the iron foundry and machine shops of 
Carver & Flannagan in Hagerstown, and there he worked until 1872 when 
he was twenty-two years of age, when he removed to Baltimore and obtained 
employment in the Mount Clare shops of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 693 

In this work he remained only a year and then went into the service of the 
United States as railway mail clerk, nmning- between Baltimore and Grafton. 
In the meantime he qualified himself as a lawyer and was admitted to the 
bar, but never practiced his profession. He remained in the railway mail 
service eleven years, resigning in 1885, when Grover Cleveland was elected 
president. 

After leaving the government service, Mr. Mclntire became the man-, 
.ager in Baltimore for the United States Life Insurance Company, a position 
he still holds at the time of this writing. 

In 1886 Mr. Mclntire made his entrance into the active political arena 
by announcing himself a candidate for the first branch of the city council. 
He was elected to this office, and the next year was re-elected from the 
eleventh ward. It was during the first term in the council that he began the 
agitation for reform in the city hall and an investigation into the conduct of 
municipal affairs. Because of this agitation a determined effort was made 
to prevent his re-election, but by his unfailing good nature and pleasant 
manners he converted some of his strongest opponents into loyal friends. 

In 1896, when William J. Bryan and William McKinley were the can- 
didates for the presidency, Mr. Mclntire was nominated by the Republican 
party in the Fourth District, for the House of Representatives. This was a 
strong Democratic district; nevertheless the trend toward the Republican 
party that year was so strong and Mr. Mclntire was so popular that he 
was elected in this Democratic stronghold by a substantial majority. His 
term began March 4, 1897, ^"d ended March 3, 1899, covering the exciting 
time of the Spanish war. 

About the period Mr. Mclntire entered congress, the agitation that had 
Taeen going on for the removal of the Naval Academy from Annapolis to 
Newport had about reached the culmination point. This agitation was not 
always clamorous. It was subtle, scheming, secret and insistent, power- 
ful. It was not of mushroom growth. Its inception might be traced to the 
close of the Civil War. Somehow, it came to be accepted as a fact that 
some day the Naval Academy would be taken from Annapolis and trans- 
planted in the North. 

The government seemed to subscribe to this sentiment, by adopting a 
policy of deliberate neglect. Congress after Congress met and adjourned 
without making commensurate appropriation for the proper development 
and maintenance of the historic naval university. One building had been 
torn down because there was danger that it would fall, and other buildings 
were held up by outside props and supports. This state of affairs, as had 
been told, had been permitted to continue for a long time for the purpose of 
making the transfer easier when the proper moment arrived. The academy 
was referred to as a disgrace and dump-heap and its condition was used as 
an argument why it should be removed to Newport, Rhode Island. There 
is no question but that persons within the navy as well as without connived 
at a change ; not because Annapolis was not as desirable as ever, but on the 
theory that Newport opened up what was supposed to be a greater field of 
social possibilities. 

Marylanders will never realize just how near they were to losing the 
Naval Academy. The situation had drifted for years. What was every- 
body's business was nobody's business, and it remained nobody's business 
until Mr. Mclntire was seated in congress. Then the Naval Academy be- 
came his business forthwith. His advent may be described by that oft used, 
and much abused term, the "psychological moment", so far as Annapolis 
and the Naval Academy are concerned. 



694 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

The war with Spain had just begun. The eyes of the country were 
directly focused upon the marine branch of the National service, and a lot 
of sentiment was aroused in connection with that honored institution, the 
old Xaval school. It was this combination of favorable circumstances per- 
haps that enabled Mr. Mclntire to accomplish one of the greatest public 
achievements of his career. 

In 1898 an article appeared in the Baltimore Sun calling attention to 
the dilapidated condition of the Academy buildings and this arrested the 
attention of Congressman Mclntire. The work of saving the Academy for 
Annapolis was begun then and there. He had a number of the papers con- 
taining the articlesent to Washington, and one was placed upon the desk of 
each representative and each senator. He conceived the plan then of up- 
building the Academy upon a scale of great magnificence. The first step 
was the difficult one and it had to be undertaken with caution and adroit- 
ness, so as not to arouse too much opposition. The new buildings he was 
well aware would cost many millions, but the first step was to get Congress 
committed to the plan. This Mr. Mclntire undertook by proposing an 
amendment to the naval bill appropriating $500,000 for improvements and 
new buildings at the Academy. As the Academy was in the district repre- 
sented by Congressman Sydney E. Mudd, Mr. Mclntire out of courtesy to 
Mr. ]\Iudd gave his amendment into the hands of that gentleman to intro- 
duce. But it was Mr. Mclntire's amendment and he made the speech and 
did the work that carried it through. He was quietly complimented by this 
great work for the Navy and for Maryland. There is no doubt that the 
personal friendship of influential members of Congress had much to do with 
the adopting of the amendment. Then Mclntire took it to the Senate, inter- 
ested Senator Gorman in it, and it passed. That committed the government 
to the plan of improvement which had been prepared under the direction of 
Captain Philip Cooper, the then superintendent, and further appropriations 
amounting in all to $18,000,000 followed as the result of Mr. Mclntire's 
good and effective work. 

Senator Gorman and Mr. Mclntire worked together for two other great 
measures in which the city of Baltimore was deeply interested ; Mr. Gorman 
at the senate end and Mr. Mclntire in the house. The amount which was 
put into the river and harbor bill for Baltimore that session was $425,000. 
yir. Mclntire did not think this was enough and encouraged by Senator 
Gorman he had a private conference with the chairman of the committee 
which lasted until two o'clock in the morning. The result of that confer- 
ence was that Baltimore got $2,000,000 for the deep channel to the sea. 
Then the bill providing for a new custom house in Baltimore came up, and 
Mr. Mclntire had $150,000 appropriated for the purchase of the lot. Sen- 
ator Gorman told him he would get $1,500,000 added when the bill came 
to the Senate if Mr. Mclntire would take care of it when it went back to the 
House. He did take care of it and Baltimore got the new custom house. 

These practical achievements in the interest of the city of Baltimore 
found quick recognition at home. Aside from the scores of personally con- 
gratulatory' messages. Congressman Alclntire, with Senator Gorman, re- 
ceived the highest possible tribute that can be conferred upon a citizen by the 
municipality — resolutions of thanks from the mayor and city council. These 
resolutions were introduced and unanimously passed by the council, March 
27, 1899. The preamble refers specifically to the building of the custom 
house and the improvements of the approaches to the harbor, as due to the 
"untiring efforts and indefatigable zeal of Hon. Arthur P. Gorman, a senator 
from this state, and Hon. William Watson Mclntire, the representative from 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 695 

the Fourth Congressional District". "The thanks of the Municipahty and 
all her citizens," continues the resolutions, "are given to Hon. Arthur P. 
Gorman and Hon. William Watson Mclntire, in recognition of their zealous 
labor and signal achievement and marked success, in securing the just 
recognition and the commercial position and mercantile interest of the City 
and State". The resolutions were ordered engrossed, and a handsome copy 
formally presented to each gentleman by a special committee representing 
the mayor and city council. 

Expressions of approbation were not confined to the municipality, for 
the leading commercial organizations of the city likewise voiced their ap- 
preciative sentiments in resolutions which were presented to Mr. Mclntire. 

Mr. Mclntire has a great fondness for souvenirs and at the session of 
1898-99 he procured two of historic value. Coming out of the House after 
Congress had declared war with Spain, he happened to look upwards and 
the large flags floating over the two ends of the Capitol caught his eye in 
the bright sunlight. These flags are raised when the house or senate meets 
and are lowered on adjournment. It occurred to Mr. Mclntire that the 
two flags under which war was declared would be of enduring historic 
value. So after a conference with the custodian he bought two new flags 
and had them substituted for the two in use and he now has among his 
possessions these two historic flags which he values exceedingly. 

In 1898 the Republican party of the Fourth District renominated Mr. 
Mclntire. But by this time the great Repunblican tidal wave in Maryland 
which overwhelmed the Democrats in 1895-96-97, had begun to ebb. The 
Democrats of the Fourth District nominated against Mr. Mclntire the 
strongest candidate they could find. He was Major James W. Denny, a 
Confederate veteran, a personal friend of Mr. Mclntire, and a man of 
great personal popularity. A^Iajor Denny was elected and so on the 4th of 
March, 1899, the short but honorable and useful congressional career of Mr, 
Mclntire came to an end. For the next twelve years he devoted himself to 
business but taking his full share in public affairs and discussions as a 
private citizen. In 191 1 the mayor of Baltimore, Hon. J. Barry Mahool, 
appointed him to the Sewerage Commission to fill a vacancy caused by the 
death of General Peter Leary Jr. This place he now fills, applying to the 
work his usual activity. 

In 1887 Mr. Mclntire married Hortense Hardesty, daughter of Richard 
Hardesty, of Harford county, Maryland, and granddaughter of Lloyd Nich- 
olas Rogers, the owner of Druid Hill from whom the City of Baltimore 
bought that beautiful park. The grandmother of Mrs. Mclntire was the 
second wife of Mr. Rogers and the daughter of President James Monroe. 
Her name "Hortense" comes from Hortense de Beauharnais, daughter of 
the Empress Josephine and Queen of Holland. She was a schoolmate of 
Miss Monroe at Madam Campain School in Paris when Mr. Monroe was 
minister to France and the two became close friends. When Miss Monroe 
was married and a daughter was born to her, she named it after her school 
friend. From her Monroe ancestors Mrs. Mclntire inherited and now pos- 
sesses some fine portraits and valuable historical and family heirlooms and 
relics. 

The first wife of Mr. Rogers was Miss Law, a great-granddaughter 
of Martha Washington. Through her many of Mrs. Washington's pos- 
sessions came into the Rogers family, and Mrs. Mclntire has a share of 
them, including Mrs. Washington's wedding veil. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mclntire had two children, Mary Custis and Hortense 
Rogers. Mary C, the younger, met with a sad accident in front of her 



696 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

home, which caused her death. Hortense Rogers is the wife of John W. 
Stork, of Baltimore. 



CHARLES E. ANDERSON 

A progressive business man and one who earnestly desires the growth 
and development of his city, but is equally anxious that every improvement 
shall be reared on firm foundations, is Charles E. Anderson, a member of 
one of the most prominent and best insurance firms of Baltimore. Mr. An- 
derson comes of old Maryland and Virginia stock and exhibits in his char- 
acter the salient traits of a knightly ancestry. 

Jesse Xorris Anderson, father of Charles E. Anderson, belonged to a 
famiiv of Scottish origin which had been seated in Harford county, Mary- 
land, since an early period in the Colonial history of the State. Mr. Ander- 
son married Elizabeth Jane Stevens, a descendant of John Stevens to whom 
Charles, Lord Baltimore, gave a patent for three thousand one hundred and 
eighty acres of land in Dorchester county, Maryland. The original of this 
patent is still in the possession of the Stevens family. Miss Stevens was 
also descended from the distinguished Byrd family of King and Queen 
countv. Virginia, and was connected wdth the Beverleys, Taylors, Dudleys 
and Blands — all names of noble traditions and historical associations — w^hile 
on her mother's side she was of the well known Huguenot family of Car- 
miegne. Mr. and Mrs. Anderson were the parents of eight children, five 
of whom are living, the youngest of these being Charles E. Anderson, men- 
tioned below^ 

Charles E. Anderson, son of Jesse Norris and Elizabeth Jane (Stevens) 
Anderson, was born September 8, 1858, in Baltimore. He received his 
elementary education in private and public schools of his native city, com- 
pleting his course of study at the Baltimore City College. Immediately 
thereafter he entered the service of the E. B. Smith Company, agents for 
periodicals both weekly and monthly, and in 1873 turned his attention to 
the banking business in which he was engaged for four years. In 1879 he 
entered the insurance agency with which he has now been associated for 
thirty-two consecutive years. During that long period he has furnished a 
fine example of the alert, energetic, progressive business man with whom 
obstacles serve rather as an impetus to renewed labor than as a bar to ac- 
complishment. Of strongly marked characteristics and thoroughly aggres- 
sive in his business methods, he is courteous and kindly in manner and 
speech, always considerate of others and exceedingly generous. His long 
experience has furnished him with many reminiscences of the early days 
of insurance in Baltimore, and he humorously says that at that period one 
awaited in his office applications from people who desired to be insured, but 
that now one has to "hustle" after the people in order to prevail upon them 
to insure. 

In politics Mr. Anderson is a Democrat, but has never chosen to take 
an active part in public affairs. He belongs to the Mystic Shrine and is a 
Knight Templar and Thirty-second Degree Mason, and were there nothing 
else in his record to show the personality of the man it would be indicated 
by the height to which he has attained in this illustrious order. He is treas- 
urer of the Old Guard Club, a reorganization of the old Athenaeum Club, 
in its day the best club of Baltimore, and also a member of several other 
clubs. Tall and of striking appearance, the fire of his dark eyes indicating 
an enthusiastic disposition, Mr. Anderson is one to command attention in 





laJ'^^,-^ 





a. 





HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 697 

all circles. He has long been regarded as one of Baltimore's most ener- 
getic and enterprising citizens, as a man always ready to lend practical aid 
to any movement which commended itself to his judgment as one likely to 
advance the public welfare. A kindly and polished gentleman, he has a high 
appreciation of the good qualities of others, and meets all men on an equal 
footing, in his courtesy showing no distinction between the men highest or 
lowest in the scale of human effort. An exceptionally interesting talker, 
those admitted to his intimacy find in his conversation a social and intel- 
lectual treat. He is a member of the Seventh Baptist Church of Baltimore. 

Mr. Anderson married, in 1883, in the Eutaw Place Baptist Church, 
Margaret Ann White, and they have one son, Stuart Hetzell, born February 
5, 1886, educated in the public schools, Deichmann's Preparatory School, the 
Baltimore Law School, and the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and now fol- 
lowing the profession of a civil engineer. Mr. and Mrs. Anderson were 
the parents of one other child who died in very early infancy. Mrs. Ander- 
son is the daughter of George Bagwell and Caroline Mary (Moses) White, 
the latter born April 26, 1841. George Bagwell White, born August 5, 1836, 
died December 11, 1900, was the son of Samuel and Sallie Bagwell (Taylor) 
White, the latter born in 1809. Samuel White, born in 1801, in Accomac 
county, Virginia, died at Yorktown, Virginia, was the son of George and 
Nancy (Laws) White, of Accomac county. The father of George White 
was the founder of the American branch of the family. 

The record of Mr. Anderson is that of a man who has always been 
loyal to his duty and active and progressive in his business relations. Strong 
will, inflexible purpose and sound judgment have been the foundation of his 
successful career, and his weight of character and keen discrimination have 
made him a forceful factor among his colleagues. He is a fine type of the 
gentleman in business, the man of birth and breeding who carries into the 
commercial arena the high ideas of honor, the instincts of courtesy and 
withal the daring and enthusiasm of the old chivalry. Such men are the 
Bayards and Sidneys of the business world. 



ANDREW J. DIETRICH 

In all communities there are men in whom the initiative spirit is a 
strong and dominant element, who are pioneers, whatever may be their 
chosen field of activity. Baltimore has the good fortune to number among 
her citizens not a few of these representative men. and conspicuous among 
them is Andrew Jackson Dietrich, of the firm of Dietrich Brothers, a house 
which, by the tremendous growth of its business and its high and unques- 
tioned reputation, has caused the Monumental City to become one of the 
centers of the steel industry in the United States. 

The paternal ancestors of Mr. Dietrich were of that Teutonic stock 
which has given us so many of our best citizens. His grandfather, Herman 
Dietrich, was a native of Bremen, Germany. 

Adam Dietrich, son of Herman Dietrich, emigrated to the United States 
about 1847, making his home in Baltimore. He established himself in busi- 
ness on Harford avenue, near Clifton Park, as a dealer in wagons and car- 
riages, from time to time enlarging the scope of his business, until it was 
one of the most prosperous in the city. Mr. Dietrich was for over forty 
years a vestryman of St. Thomas's Church. He married Mary Logan, and 
their children were : John H., married Lula Werner, of Chestertown, Mary- 



698 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

land ; Hammond, married Susan B. Beddison ; Andrew Jackson, mentioned 
below : William T.. married Julia A. Beddison ; Adam C, married Meta C. 
Reese; Jacob, married Grace M. Stansbaugh ; Martha J., deceased, married 
John T. Cauglar. Mr. Dietrich was a man of very strong domestic tastes 
and family affections. He died September 17, 1898. leaving behind him the 
reputation of an honorable business man and a good citizen. 

Andrew Jackson Dietrich, son of Adam and Mary (Logan) Dietrich, 
was bom October 15, 1864, in Baltimore, and received his education in the 
public schools of his native city, his preliminary education, for in 1876 he 
went to work for his father on the Gunpowder Tunnel, serving five years. 
In September, 1881, he entered Saddler's Business College, where he took 
a one year commercial course. In 1882 he entered the service of E. Scott 
Payne & Brothers, with whom he remained ten years, laying up, during this 
period, stores of experience which stood him in good stead in his after 
career. In 1893 he associated himself with Armstrong & Company, an iron 
and steel firm whose place of business was situated on North street and 
with whom he maintained his connection for three years. 

In July, 1896, Mr. Dietrich, in conjunction with his brother, Hammond 
Dietrich, formed the present company of Dietrich Brothers. Beginning 
with a force of three men only, they now employ (such has been the growth 
of the business) upward of one hundred and forty, a number which is con- 
stantly increasing. August i, 1903, the firm of Dietrich Brothers bought 
out the firm of E. Scott Payne & Brothers, Mr. Dietrich being elected 
president, a position which he fills to-day and which is the primary cause 
of the phenomenal increase of the business. In his conduct of this enter- 
prise he has abundantly proved his right to stand among the captains of in- 
dustry who, in directing business affairs of mammoth proportions and im- 
portance, contribute to the commercial development and subsequent up- 
building of their city. The firm has but lately completed its immense North 
street plant which occupies an entire city block, and is one of the largest 
plants of its kind south of New York. The house is now supplying steel 
work on the new building of the United States Fidelity and Guarantee Com- 
pany, having furnished steel for the old one. Following are the names of 
some of the structures which the company is at present supplying with steel : 
The new Crown Cork and Seal Building at Highlandtown ; the Notre Dame 
School at Govanstown ; the new Country School for Boys ; and the new 
Mercy Hospital. It is also executing steel and ornamental work on the new 
Power House at Bayview, the new Polytechnic Institute, the Empire The- 
ater (which is to be one of the most modern and luxurious in Baltimore), 
and the new Monumental Brewery plant at Highlandtown. It furnished to 
the building of the Terminal Warehouse sixteen hundred tons of steel. The 
firm has recently been awarded by the Noel Construction Company the 
largest order for structural steel which has for many years been placed with 
a Baltimore concern. It is for the new Baltimore Bargain House ware- 
house, which is to be erected on Baltimore and Liberty streets, and calls for 
two thousand four hundred tons of steel, to be delivered from time to time 
as the building requirements may demand. The placing of the order with 
the famous Baltimore house is very gratifying to local builders, tending, as 
it does, to show that local industries may well compete with the gigantic 
Pittsburg and Canadian bridge companies for this class of work, a number 
of the latter having competed with Dietrich Brothers in this instance with 
a result so gratifying to the pride of all true Baltimoreans. 

Integrity, activity and energy have been the crowning points of Mr. 
Dietrich's success, and in promoting his own welfare he has materially ad- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 699 

vanced the interests of the community in which he resides. His pubUc spirit 
is evinced by the number of financial and industrial interests with which he 
is associated. From 1905 to the close of 1909 he was president of the Balti- 
more Foundry Company, terminating his connection by selling out the con- 
trolling interest to ex-Mayor Latrobe. Prior to 1898 he was one of the 
directors of the Montebello Building and Loan Association and in that year 
became president, succeeding his father who had held that office since its 
organization. He is director and treasurer of the Sagax Wood Company 
(artificial wood) and a member of the Travelers' and Merchants' Associa- 
tion and the Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association. In politics he is 
an Independent Democrat. He affiliates with Concordia Lodge, No. 13, 
A. F. & A. M., and is a member of the Municipal Art Society. 

Mr. Dietrich married, December 8, 1898, Susan Helen, daughter of 
William L. Wilcox and sister of H. B. Wilcox, president of the First Na- 
tional Bank, in whose sketch, which appears elsewhere in this work, the 
Wilcox ancestry is given in detail. Mr. and Mrs. Dietrich are the parents 
of the following children : Jackson W., Horace W., Henry Buckley, Mary 
Helen. 

In all the minor offices of life Mr. Dietrich is a man of deep and broad 
sympathies. He holds his wealth in trust for the less fortunate of his fel- 
lows and practices a charity that evades the gaze of the world. He thor- 
oughly enjoys home life, taking the utmost pleasure in the society of his 
family and friends, while his courtesy and affability have gained him the 
warm regard of those who know him personally. Mr. Dietrich is a man of 
mature judgment, capable of taking a calm survey of life and correctly 
valuing its opportunities and possibilities, and responding conscientiously 
to its demands and obligations. In dealing with the difficulties and obstacles 
which have confronted him he has displayed a force of character which has 
enabled him to overcome them and continue on the pathway to prosperity. 
He possesses the complement to industry, a laudable ambition, which prompts 
him to reach out into other fields and grasp the opportunities that are pre- 
sented. His life has been one of unabating energy and unfaltering industry 
and, while he has never sought to figure prominently in any public light, he 
belongs to that class of substantial business men who constitute the bulwark 
of a city's strength and development. 



ADAM CLARENCE DIETRICH 

Among the business men who have made Baltimore what she is, those 
of Teutonic origin have played a leading part, and among our merchants of 
to-day those of German blood are honorably distinguished. Conspicuous 
in their ranks is Adam Clarence Dietrich, treasurer and manager of the well 
known firm of E. Scott Payne Company. Mr. Dietrich is a representative 
of a family which, from the period of its immigration to this country, has 
been identified with the Monumental City. 

Adam Clarence Dietrich, son of Adam and Mary (Logan) Dietrich, 
was born December 14. 1869, at the old family home on Harford avenue, 
Baltimore, and received his preparatory education in the public schools of 
his native city, afterward attending Knapp's Institute, and then entering the 
Baltimore City College, whence he graduated in 1884. The same year he 
entered the service of General R. Snowden Andrews, of the firm of An- 
drews, Peters & Company, stock brokers, on South street. Mr. Dietrich re- 



700 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

mained with this house for six years, gathering a fund of valuable experi- 
ence by means of which his exceptional business abilities were trained and 
developed. On December 14, 1890, his twenty-first birthday, Mr. Dietrich 
associated himself with the firm of E. Scott Payne & Brothers, proprietors 
of one of the largest hardware establishments in the city, his position being 
that of bookkeeper, which he held for two years. From 1892 to 1898 he 
served as traveling salesman, proving himself, during that period, to be 
possessed of executive talents of no ordinary character. During the next 
three years, j\Ir. Payne being incapacitated, Mr. Dietrich had charge of the 
business, and upon the death of Mr. Payne, at the end of that period, he 
served for the next two years as manager of the estate. On August i, 1903, 
Mr. Dietrich, with his six brothers and Mr. Payne's widow, succeeded to 
and took over the business of E. Scott Payne & Brothers, forming a cor- 
poration known as E. Scott Payne Company, of which A. J. Dietrich was 
made president, W. T. Dietrich secretary, and Adam Clarence Dietrich 
treasurer and manager. These three brothers, with John H. Hammond, 
and J. C. Dietrich, form the directorship of the organization. This firm 
is now a leader in the commercial world of Baltimore, known alike for the 
magnitude of its transactions and the stability of the foundations upon 
which they are based. 

JNIr. Dietrich, by means of his original and progressive ideas, has con- 
tributed not a little to the prosperity and growth of the business. Posses- 
sing a well balanced nature, he has never lacked courage to venture where 
favorable opportunity offered, and he has abundantly proved his ability as 
a manager of an enterprise calling for intelligence, tact and skill. He is a 
man of influence in business circles, having a weight of character and a 
keen discrimination which make him a forceful factor among his colleagues 
and associates. He is a director in the City Savings Bank, and a member 
of the Churchmen's Club of the Protestant Episcopal Church of Baltimore. 
All his life he has been identified with St. Thomas's Church, having been 
christened within its walls. Mr. Dietrich has long been known as one of 
Baltimore's most energetic and enterprising citizens, as a man always ready 
to give practical aid to any movement which he believed would advance the 
public welfare. Of imposing appearance, over six feet in height, most hap- 
pily gifted in manner, disposition and tastes, and as frank in declaring his 
principles as he is sincere in maintaining them, he wins friends among all 
classes, seeming fairly to radiate force and geniality. He is a firm believer 
in concentration, in adhering to one line of business and thus making it 
successful, not in a scattering of forces which brings no satisfactory result. 

Mr. Dietrich married, June 27, 1895, Margaretta J., daughter of David 
and Louise (Gaebler) Reese, the former a native of Wales, having been 
brought to this country with his twin brother at the age of two years. Mr. 
and Mrs. Reese are the parents of another daughter Lizette, teacher of 
literature in the high school, and widely known as the author of "A Hand- 
ful of Lavender," and other works, also as a contributor to many of the 
leading magazines. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dietrich are the parents of the following children : Qar- 
ence Reese, born June 11, 1896; John David, born June 11, 1898; Adam 
Austen, born March 30, 1902 ; and Edward Janney, born January 18, 1907. 

Mr. Dietrich is fond of outdoor sports, and every autumn, accompanied 
by his sons, goes to Virginia, where for about a week he indulges in his 
favorite amusement of shooting wild ducks and turkeys. He is the owner 
of a number of fine dogs and horses. He has never taken an active part 
in politics, although identified with the Democratic party, preferring to 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 701 

concentrate his energies on his business and to devote his leisure hours to 
his family and to the recreations of rural life. 

Mr. Dietrich is one of those men who, whatever their sphere of activity, 
stamp indelibly upon their work the impress of their personality. Wherever 
found they constitute a force. One of the forceful men of Baltimore, force- 
ful in behalf of her best interests, is Adam Clarence Dietrich. 



JAMES MILLER EASTER 

The origin of the name of this family is a very interesting one. In the 
time of Richard III., King of England, the days of the Crusaders, seven 
men went to the conquest of the Holy Land with the Duke of Northumber- 
land, son of the King of Scotland. Those who returned, among whom was 
an ancestor of the family written of in this sketch, were called Easters (from 
the East). 

In presenting to the public a review of the lives of such men as have 
deserved well of their fellow citizens, we should not forget those who, al- 
though unobtrusive in their everyday lives, yet by their individuality and 
force of character mold the commercial destinies and give tone to the com- 
munities in which they live. To this class of men belongs James Miller 
Easter. 

(I) Major Robert Easter, a descendant of the Crusader, was in service 
in the army of William III., of England, and was given an estate in Kil- 
buck, Tyrone county, Ireland, in July, 1670, as a reward for his bravery at 
the battle of the Boyne. 

(III) Robert Easter, grandson of Major Robert Easter, had children: 
Archibald, see forward; John, who lived in Ireland, married Catherine 
Ewing, and had a daughter Catherine, who married her cousin, John Easter. 

(IV) Archibald Easter, son of Robert Easter, was born in Tyrone 
county, Ireland, and came to America in 1825, in company with his son 
John, and his cousin, Hamilton Easter. 

(V) John Easter, son of Archibald Easter, was born in Tyrone county, 
Ireland, and died in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1865. He came to America in 
1825 with his wife and one child, and settled in Baltimore, Maryland. In 
the early part of his life in this country he was engaged in the wholesale 
and retail dry goods business, but abandoned this for the profession of 
dentistry, in which he was very successful. He married Catherine, daughter 
of John and Catherine (Ew'ing) Easter. Children: i. John Jr., born in 
Ireland in 1821 ; married (first) Mary Fitz-Harris ; (second) Mary Quamer. 
2. Rebecca Ann, born in Baltimore. August 11, 1825; married John J. Pur- 
cell. 3. Robert Archibald, born in Baltimore in 1829, settled in Howard 
county, Maryland. 4. James Washington, see forward. 

(VI) James Washington Easter, son of John and Catherine (Easter) 
Easter, was born in Baltimore, IMaryland, December 22, 183 1. He was a 
dry goods merchant, a member of the old firm of Hamilton, Easter & Com- 
pany. He married, in 1859, Margaret Elizabeth Aliller, born in Loudoun 
county, Virginia, in 1838. died in Baltimore in 1894, only daughter of 
Daniel Miller, of Baltimore. She was of German ancestry, and had been 
reared in the Presbyterian faith. Mr. Easter was a Presbyterian. Children : 
I. Daniel Miller. 2. Arthur Miller, received his education at the public 
schools of Baltimore, and the Agricultural College : later he attended the 
University of Maryland, from which he was graduated in 1892 with the 



702 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

degree of Bachelor of Laws ; he was admitted to the bar and immediately 
commenced the practice of his profession in his native city of Baltimore; 
In this he has continued up to the present time, combining it with the real 
estate business, and devoting a considerable portion of his time to the latter 
interests : he is a member of the Presbyterian church of Baltimore, and of 
the Sons of the War of 1812. 3. James Miller, see forward. 4. Maud 
]\Iiller, married John J. Corder. 5. Dr. Clay Miller. 6. Bayard Miller, 
died in 1888. 7. Theodore Miller. 8. Robert Miller. 9. Marguerite Mil- 
ler, married John Peterson, of Baltimore. 

(ATI) James Miller Easter, third son and child of James Washington 
and Margaret Elizabeth (Miller) Easter, was born in Baltimore, Mary- 
land, August 17, 1864. He attended the public schools of his native city and 
for two years was a student at the Agricultural College of Maryland. He 
began his business career as an office boy in the Daniel Miller Dry Goods 
Company of Baltimore, in February, 1880, and has occupied positions in al- 
most every department, at present serving in the capacity of treasurer. He 
has entire charge of the finances of this great establishment, which conducts 
a business of six million dollars yearly, and the history of which is given in 
full in the sketch of the late Daniel Miller. Possessed of a high order of 
executive ability, Mr. Easter manages with ease and discretion the mul- 
tiplicity of business which must necessarily arise in the discharge of his 
duties in such a manner as to give satisfaction to the company and the public 
with whom he deals. He has never exhibited any political aspirations, but 
has confined his attention strictly to business matters, contenting himself 
with the privilege of voting in common with his fellow citizens ; he is a 
Democrat in principle. He is a member of the Brown Memorial Presby- 
terian Church, Merchants' Club of New York, Merchants' Club of Balti- 
more and Green Springs Valley Hunt Club. Mr. Easter is a man of large 
stature, of dignified presence, full of intellectual and physical vitality, strong 
and robust, and in the full command of his physical and mental powers. 

He married, in Baltimore, February 3, 1887, Henrietta, bom in Balti- 
more, daughter of Gustav Joel, a native of Bremen, Germany. Children : 
I. James W., born August 15, 1892; was graduated from the Boys' Latin 
School and is now in his junior year in the Johns Hopkins University. 2. 
Charles J., born June 18, 1894; is a student in the Boys' Latin School in 
Baltimore. 



ELMORE BERRY JEFFERY 

In proportion to its size and its population, Baltimore has a larger 
number of really progressive men of business than almost any other city in 
the United States. They appear to take the initiative in all fields of en- 
deavor, and it seems to be a foregone conclusion that they will make a suc- 
cess of whatever they undertake. Prominent among the young men of this 
class stands Elmore Berry Jeffery, president of the City Baking Company 
and closely identified with various other business enterprises. In all that 
he undertakes he gives the best that is in him ; this is a fixed principle with 
him and is the quality which has given to America the name of "the land 
of the young men." Mr. Jeffery is a man of action rather than of words, of 
unusual business talents and tireless energy, and his public spirit has been 
demonstrated by achievements that have added wealth and prosperity to the 
community. The traits which he has displayed are in a great measure in- 
herited from his ancestry, the family having figured under various forms of 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 703 

the name in military, civic and religious afifairs of moment. Some of the 
forms the name has assumed are : Jefferey, Jefferay, Jefferis, Jefferyes, 
Jeffrey, Jeffreys, Jeffries. According to old records, Robert Jeffery or 
Jefferis, was settled in Chester county, Pennsylvania, as early as 1685, and 
even earlier than this period a family named Jeffries had settled in Virginia. 

(I) William Grafton Jeft'ery, of Bel Air, Harford county, Maryland, 
was held in high esteem in his section of the country as a man who had its. 
interests thoroughly at heart. As town commissioner he rendered excellent 
service, and his labors in the interests of religion were of high value. He 
married Elizabeth Keith. 

(II) Elmore Berry Jeffery, son of William Grafton and Elizabeth 
(Keith) Jeffery, was born in Bel Air, September 9, 1870. He attended the 
elementary and high schools of his native town, being graduated from the 
latter in 1887. then for two years was a student in the Maryland College. 
This was supplemented with a business course in the Eaton & Burnett Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated in 1890. In October of this year he ac- 
cepted a position as bookkeeper with the firm of Tyler Brothers, manufac- 
turers of cakes and crackers. His unabating energy, activity, and the ac- 
curacy with which he discharged all the duties which fell to his share, and a 
number of others which lay outside of his individual province, could not fail 
to attract the attention of his seniors in the concern, and his business rise 
was a rapid one. His talent for hard work was combined with a business 
talent which is almost abnormal. It was not a very long time before he 
held the position of local manager for the National Biscuit Company. Later 
he became the proprietor of the Skillman Baking Company, and finally he 
was elected to his present office, that of president of the City Baking Com- 
pany, a consolidation of the most important bakeries of Baltimore. From 
the headquarters of this concern, the offices being located in the Equitable 
building, he controls its operations down to the smallest detail. Quick yet 
deliberate, with a foresight and a knowledge of business affairs, Mr. Jeffery 
issues his orders in the short, yet forceful manner characteristic of success- 
ful business men. In addition to bearing the responsibilities of the above- 
mentioned office, Mr. Jeffery is a director in the Maryland Biscuit Company, 
of the National City Bank, and the Finance and Trust Company of Balti- 
more. 

The activity of Mr. Jeffery is also displayed to the great advantage of 
religious affairs, as he is a member of the official board of the First Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church. He is a member of the Young Men's Qiristian 
Association, being chairman of its finance committee, and he served as chair- 
man of the committee of one hundred which represented nineteen Prot- 
estant denominations, which had charge of the Men and Boys' Forward 
Movement. In political matters he will tie himself to no party, holding it 
the best policy to remain unfettered and able to cast his vote for the man 
best fitted for the office to be filled. His reading is confined to literature of 
a high order, American and English history having a strong hold upon him. 
Dickens, Thackeray and Scott, as well, as the works of Bellamy and Josiah 
Strong, are also great favorites. From his early boyhood he was a keen 
lover of all outdoor sports, and the delight and recreation he found in base- 
ball in his younger days has survived the passing of the years. 

Mr. Jeffery married (first) October 11, 1898, Mary A. Miller, w^ho did 
not live long after her marriage. He married (second) June, 1908, Nellie 
Waters French. There is a daughter by each of these marriages. 

In person Mr. Jeffery is not very tall and of sturdy build; his observing 
eyes have a keenness which is tempered by a kindly light which indicates the 



704 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

sympathetic heart of the man. While in his business career he has passed on 
to a position of prominence, he has never neglected the opportunity to 
assist a fellow traveler on life's journey. Those to w^hom nature has ap- 
peared to him to have acted in a less kindly manner than to himself have 
always had his deepest sympathy, which has ever been shown in more than 
mere words. His belief in the brotherhood of man has been exemplified in 
his life. Questionable methods have never been tolerated by him in his busi- 
ness career, and over the record of his business life there falls no shadow of 
wrong or suspicion of evil. Kindliness and appreciation for the good traits 
to befound in others have constituted salient features in his career and his 
life illustrates the fact of the Emersonian philosophy that one may win 
friendship by being a friend. 



HARRY NETHERCLIFT ABERCROMBIE 

Hon. Harry Netherclift Abercrombie, a man of more than ordinary 
merit, and one who, as a lawyer and citizen, possesses in a special manner 
the confidence of his fellows, is worthy of more than passing mention from 
the chronicler of current events. The bar of Baltimore has for many years 
been noted for its men of transcendent genius and deep legal research. This 
has ever been the boast of the people of Baltimore, at home and abroad, and 
there are many members of the legal profession who, although not claiming 
a national reputation, yet fill a space in the community which commands more 
than ordinary attention. Such an one is Mr. Abercrombie. 

Of true Scotch descent, he was born in Baltimore, April 4. 1871. son of 
John and Elizabeth Sarah (Daniel) Abercrombie, the former of whom came 
to this country from his native land of Scotland when a child of five years, 
was educated in this country, became associated with the firm of H. Taylor 
& Company, and was later one of the organizers of The Baltimore News 
Company, its successor. David Abercrombie, grandfather of Harry N. 
Abercrombie, was of Scotch birth and parentage, came to America about 
1847, ^n<i was connected with the news agency of William Taylor & Com- 
pany. The maternal grandfather of Mr. Abercrombie, Thomas Daniel, was 
born in Scotland, educated at the University of Edinburgh, and came to 
Canada, where he practised as a physician in Port Stanley and St. Thomas. 
His maternal uncle, Robert Daniel, conducted the Collegiate Institute of 
Baltimore, and through his mother he is descended from the ancient family 
of Netherclift, of England. 

The early education of Mr. Abercrombie was acquired in the public 
schools of his native city, and he then entered the Baltimore City College, 
from which he was graduated in 1891, and awarded the Shakespearean 
prize. For one year he took a special course at the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, then prepared for the profession of law at the University of Mary- 
land School of Law, being graduated from that institution in 1895 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Law. While pursuing this latter course he also read 
law in the office of Robert H. Smith, of Baltimore, with whom he became 
associated in the practice of his chosen profession after his admission to the 
bar. Mr. Abercrombie's political affiliations are with the Republican party, 
and in 1895 he was elected to the Legislature from the Second Legislative 
District of Baltimore, took a prominent part in the session of the following 
year, serving as chairman of the corporation committee and as a member of 
the committees on elections, judiciary, claims and organizations. He was 
the author of a number of important bills, among which was the dental bill. 




Photo bv Perkins 






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^>^2>^r?^i^^^ ^' ^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 705 

which passed the house and senate and was signed by the governor, and 
which requires all dentists practising in the state to have a certificate from 
the State Dental Board of Examiners. His services, both as chairman and 
as member of the various committees, were very efficient, and his methods 
were worthy of emulation. Mr. Abercrombie is a member of the Maryland 
State Bar Association and the Bar Association of Baltimore City. The 
ability and training which qualified him for the practice of law, have been in 
evidence in the manner in which he has discharged all the public duties it 
has been his lot to shoulder. He keeps in touch with the general interests 
of society, and his large clientele is representative of his professional ability 
and personal popularity. 

Mr. Abercrombie married, November 23, 1898, Mary Katharine Bay, 
of Baltimore, and they have children : Emily Bay and Elizabeth Nether- 
clift. 



DR. RONALD TAYLOR ABERCROMBIE 

Among those whose professional reputation is exceptional in this city 
may be mentioned the name of Dr. Ronald Taylor Abercrombie, the dis- 
tinguished physician of Scottish ancestry, whose justly merited position in 
professional and social circles is due to his remarkable talents and the suc- 
cess with which he has met in his chosen career. A close student of human 
nature as well as the technicalities of his profession, he has applied the 
knowledge which he has thus acquired with singular felicity, and with the 
result that there is no more popular or progressive practitioner in the city 
of Baltimore. Courteous and kindly in manner, quiet and self-contained, 
he inspires confidence in those whom he would heal ; and is welcomed wher- 
ever he goes, not only as the mitigator of bodily ills, but as a true friend 
and counsellor. 

Dr. Abercrombie's grandfather, David Abercrombie, was born in Scot- 
land ; his parents, John and Elizabeth (Daniel) Abercrombie, had several 
sons, all strong and robust, and all keenly interested in every kind of out- 
door athletic exercise from their earliest youth. Dr. Abercrombie, always 
one of the foremost in boyish sports, was born in the city of Baltimore, on 
January 19, 1879. Receiving the rudiments of his education at the public 
schools of his native city, he entered the City College, which he left in 
the spring of the second year of his attendance, in order to prepare himself 
during the summer for Johns Hopkins LTniversity. Entering the university 
in 1896, he took the chemical and biological course ; and attended the medi- 
cal school for four years, receiving his degree of M. D. in 1905. He im- 
mediately was appointed resident physician to the Church Home and In- 
firmary, in which position he remained eighteen months before he began 
his private career as a general practitioner. Four years ago he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Crothers as coroner-at-large, a post which he still 
retains. He is visiting physician to the Church Home and Infirmary, one 
of the surgeons of the Johns Hopkins Dispensary, and a director of the 
Johns Hopkins Gymnasium, in which he takes an active and sympathetic 
interest, being himself a thorough athlete ; he is also a lecturer on hygiene at 
the same institution. He was at one time physician in charge at Christ's 
Church Dispensary, and was lecturer at the Woman's Medical College for 
three years on the subjects of pharmacology and bacteriology. He has 
been a valued contributor to various medical journals ; and is a member of 
a number of medical and scientific societies, among which are the American 



7o6 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Medical Association, the jMedical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland, the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Archaeological 
Institute of America, the American Association for the Study and Preven- 
tion of Infant ^Mortality, and the Johns Hopkins Club. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Phi Gamma Delta, and of the University, Baltimore Athletic, 
and Mount Washington Clubs. Dr. Abercrombie, as may be surmised by 
his Scottish descent, is a Presbyterian in his religious belief, being a mem- 
ber of the First Presbyterian Church of Baltimore; orthodox and staunch 
in his religious views as he is original and progressive in his profession, 
he commands the respect and admiration of all who have the privilege of 
his acquaintance, and his friendships are warm and enduring. 

On the 2 1 St of November, 1906, Dr. Abercrombie was married to Jen- 
nie Scott Waters, daughter of General and Mrs. Francis E. Waters. Gen- 
eral Waters is president of the Surrey Lumber Company in this city. Mrs. 
Abercrombie is a well-known and much-admired woman in social circles, 
having been selected as sponsor at the launching of the cruiser "Maryland." 
Dr. and Mrs. Abercrombie have one child living, Margaret Waters Aber- 
crombie; and had one son, born January 10, 1908, who died on the 30th 
of June, 1909. 



JOHN W. GRACE 

The most publicly beneficent citizens in a commonwealth are those who, 
by securing the success of their own business enterprises, place the means 
for successful endeavor in the hands of others to whom occupation is thus 
furnished. Prominently among citizens of this class stands John W. Grace, 
vice-president of the Townsend Grace Company, whose chief interest is in 
his business; with the result that the firm is at the present time one of the 
largest hat manufacturing concerns in Baltimore. A direct, outspoken man, 
carefully examining any proposition before adopting it, but when once 
assured of its advisability, going ahead without flinching, he inspires among 
those with whom he has dealings a strong confidence in his judgment and 
ability; and his success has justified his keen business methods and unvaried 
attention to his large affairs. 

Mr. Grace has made his own way in the world from his early youth. 
He was born on the 9th of November, 1850, the son of James and Rebecca 
(Hoxter) Grace, and spent the first five years of his life at his birthplace, 
the farm in Talbot county. Eastern Shore, Maryland. In the year 1855, 
upon the death of his father, he removed to Easton, Maryland, where he 
remained until 1869, when he came to Baltimore. His schooling was re- 
ceived at the Easton public schools, and at the Easton Academy, which he 
attended until he was thirteen years of age. It was then that he began his 
business career, entering the store of his brother, who was a merchant in 
Easton, and working for him as long as he remained in that city. In the 
year 1870 he left Easton, and coming to Baltimore engaged as entry clerk 
during that year with the firm of Whiteley Brothers & Company, wholesale 
dry goods ; after being with them a year he became a clerk in the wholesale 
hatmaking firm of Cole, Bringham & Company, remaining with them from 
1871 to 1877. He then became a partner in the firm of Cole, Grace & 
Muncke, also wholesale hatmakers, continuing with them for three years, 
when he withdrew and associated himself as salesman with the wholesale 
hatters, Adams & Buck. He remained with them for three years until, in 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 707 

1884, the Tovvnsend Grace Company was organized, of which he became 
vice-president, the position which he holds to-day. 

In the business and commercial world generally Mr. Grace is held in 
high esteem, and his influence is strong and far-reaching. Accustomed to 
weighing important matters and guiding the conduct of large enterprises, 
he is unwavering in his methods, a restful and reposeful sort of man, who 
gives no hint of indecision or regrets. A matter once considered and settled 
is banished from mind, so that a clear field is left for the next subject that 
requires attention. Besides his own business enterprise, Mr. Grace is a 
director of the National Howard Bank, and is keenly interested in public 
and civic affairs. In his political convictions he is a clean, straight Demo- 
crat, upholding only that kind of man whose policies are above reproach 
and tend to the weal and advancement of the community ; he is the kind of 
voter who helps to purify politics and raise the tone of the political situa- 
tion, banishing corruption and establishing honest and honorable methods. 
He has never held political office, nor is he officially connected with any 
large educational or charitable movements. Socially he is a very popular 
and well-known man, being a member of the Baltimore Yacht Club and of 
the Pimlico Country Club, and is president of the latter. Until recently he 
has had membership in a number of other clubs, but has retired from several 
in the course of the last few years, devoting himself more thoroughly to his 
one hobby, which is his business. 

Though Mr. Grace has but one brother living, his family connection is 
a wide one, his father having been twice married, as was his mother also. 
Of his father's children four were the offspring of the first marriage, and 
two of the last — Mr. Grace and his brother Luther. 

Deprived of the paternal influence in his earliest childhood, it stands 
indelibly to his credit that he has made his own way in life, winning sub- 
stantial success, and by his stainless record in every relation of life, reflect- 
ing credit upon the city in which he is known as one of its leading mer- 
chants and manufacturers. 



PARKER COOK 



Parker Cook, secretary of the Emerson Drug Company and treasurer 
of the Emerson Hotel Company, is identified also with other interests, social 
and financial, in all of which he is a strongly-felt influence. This energy 
and strength of purpose Mr. Cook inherits from ancestors who labored in- 
defatigably for the welfare of their city and the uplifting of their fellow- 
men, and whose names have been held in honor by the generations which 
follow them. 

The Rev. Isaac Parker Cook, grandfather of Mr. Cook, was born in 
1808, in Baltimore, whither his parents removed from Pennsylvania. His 
father was of Revolutionary stock, having served under General Washing- 
ton as one of the immortal company who endured the privations of Valley 
Forge. His mother was a preacher of the Society of Friends. In boyhood 
Isaac P. became a member of a Sunday school, and to the close of his long 
life was an ardent worker in the cause. For twenty years he was promi- 
nent in the Asbury Sunday School Society, and was repeatedly elected to 
the presidency of the Sunday School Teachers' Union. He was one of the 
incorporators of the Maryland Bible Society, serving nine years as vice- 
president and nine years thereafter as president. His presidency covered 
the period of the Civil War, and so judicious and kindly was his adminis- 



7o8 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

tration that perfect concord prevailed in the directory of the association. 
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, then secretary of war, was so impressed by their 
efforts to place a copy of the Scripture in the hands of every man in the 
contending armies, that these philanthropists were permitted not only to 
distribute thousands of copies among the Union soldiers, but to send pack- 
ages containing thousands more to the men marshalled under Confederate 
commanders. 

It might be said of Mr. Cook that he was a man universal. His sym- 
pathy for humanity was so broad that it extended to all classes and condi- 
tions of men, and in 1854 he with other benevolent men conceived the idea 
of establishing an institution in which poor youths could deposit, profitably 
and securely, their small earnings. With this end in view they incorporated 
the Dime Savings Bank, Mr. Cook serving from 1854 to 1868 as its unpaid 
treasurer. 

In his youth Mr. Cook entered the famous bookstore of Armstrong & 
Plaiskitt, and when twenty-three years of age opened a small bookstore 
for himself. Genial in manner, of sterling moral quality and possessed of 
superior business endowments, he secured a wide patronage. Being agent 
for the religious publications of the Methodist Episcopal church, his store 
was a rendezvous of ministers of that denomination and a centre of moral 
influence. In 1857 he was elected for a term of six years register of wills 
for Baltimore, and in 1863 was elected without opposition for another term, 
serving four years, his official career terminating with the adoption of the 
present constitution in 1867. During his tenure of office he was brought 
into daily contact with widows and orphans, many of whom found in him 
a wise counsellor and steadfast friend. He served as a trustee of Dickin- 
son College, treasurer of the Baltimore Conference Board of Education and 
commissioner of the public schools of his native city, discharging all these 
duties with unimpeachable fidelity. 

For decades Mr. Cook was a widely known lay preacher of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, an office for which he was well fitted, possessing as 
he did rare gifts of expression and a most attractive address. As a pastor 
he was laborious and sympathetic, and his gentle and loving spirit, joined 
with his devotion to the welfare of the church, made him eminently suc- 
cessful in healing breaches and harmonizing differences. 

Mr. Cook married, in 1830, Hannah Coulter, and their son, Henry F., 
is mentioned below. The home life of Mr. Cook was simple and kind as 
his church life was useful and honorable. His death, which occurred Feb- 
ruary 15, 1884, was mourned as sincerely by high and humble as ever falls 
to the lot of any man. Not only will his works perpetuate his name, but the 
far-sweeter monument of the grateful memory of those who- knew him will 
be his. His story is that of God-given ability directed into the channels of 
a pure and honorable life. 

Henry F. Cook, son of Rev. Isaac Parker and Hannah (Coulter) Cook, 
was born in November, 183 1, in Baltimore, and in early life was associated 
with his father in the management of the latter's bookstore. He manifested 
much business ability, and when in 1867 ^lis father retired, the establish- 
ment was transferred to him. Mr. Cook inherited his father's gentlemanly 
address, high sense of honor and diligent application. He was beloved by 
his employees and honored and respected by his business acquaintances for 
his integrity, energy and faithfulness. He was a true citizen, interested in 
all enterprises which meditated the moral improvement and social culture 
of the community, and actively aided a number of associations by his influ- 
ence and means. A vigilant and attentive observer of men and measures. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 709 

his opinions were recognized as sound, and his broad views therefore car- 
ried weight among those with whom he discussed pubhc problems. Those 
who met him sociaUy and had the privilege of enjoying his conversation 
vuere attracted by his genial nature, and all who had ever been his guests 
considered him an incomparable host. 

Mr. Cook married. March 28, 1867, Catharine E. Jarboe, and their 
son Parker is mentioned below. Catharine E. Jarboe was the daughter of 
John R. Jarboe. He was a descendant of one of the oldest families in this 
state. His ancestor was Lieutenant-Colonel, afterwards Colonel of the 
First Regiment in Colonial times. John R. Jarboe, A. M., was a prominent 
teacher in Baltimore, and a strong Union man during the Civil War. He 
w^as one of the first men to look after the passing troops and one of three to 
g-et up the Union Relief Association. He died in 1884. 

Mr. Cook was a man of warm domestic affections. The ties of home 
and friendship were sacred to him, and he took genuine delight in render- 
ing a service to those who were near and dear to him. He died April 21, 
1897. and no resident of Baltimore has been more sincerely mourned. He 
was universally esteemed, always sustaining the character of a true man. 
His business transactions were conducted on the principles of strict in- 
tegrity ; he fulfilled to the letter every trust committed to him, and was gen- 
erous in his feelings and conduct toward all. 

Parker Cook, son of Henry F. and Catharine E. (Jarboe) Cook, was 
born February 16, 1875, in Baltimore, where his life has thus far been 
passed. He was thoroughly educated at the Baltimore City College, but 
did not remain to graduate, being ambitious to enter upon the business of 
life. In 1892 he found employment with Tate-Hendricks & Company, re- 
maining, however, but a short time. The same year he entered the service 
of the Emerson Drug Company, one of the largest organizations of its kind 
in Baltimore, though not then grown to the dimensions which it has since 
attained. Beginning at the bottom Mr. Cook, by dint of ability and faith- 
fulness, worked his way up through all the departments, thus acquiring 
the most thorough knowledge of the business which it was possible for any 
one to possess. His talents and diligence finally received the recognition 
of an appointment to the secretaryship of the company, a position which he 
still retains, discharging its duties with efficiency. The company has re- 
cently built for itself a spacious and imposing structure, rendered necessary 
by the demands of their constantly increasing trade. The building, which 
is marked by a tower, is of most unique and at the same time attractive 
architecture. 

Mr. Cook also holds the treasurership of the Emerson Hotel Company, 
at the same time filling the office of secretary in that organization. The 
company is now erecting a hotel which, when completed, will be one of 
the largest structures of the kind in the South. It is situated on the corner 
of Baltimore and Calvert streets, is sixteen stories high, and undoubtedly 
will be, in all its appointments, the most palatial, as it is the most modern 
hotel in the city as well as one of the finest in the United States. Mr. Cook 
is also secretary of the Maryland Glass Corporation. His business methods 
are thoroughly aggressive, and the far-sightedness with which he perceives 
an emergency is equalled only by his quickness in devising a plan to meet 
it. Endowed with a many-sided equipment, he has the capacity for taking 
a large view of extensive afifairs, combined with an energy and an enthusi- 
asm which makes him a tireless and an effective worker in the many fields 
of endeavor which he covers. 

During the Spanish- American war Mr. Cook served as paymaster in 



7IO HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

the United States navy, being stationed on board the "Dixie." Not only 
has he never held a public office, but never could he be prevailed upon to 
consider the idea. He owes allegiance to no party, but invariably votes 
for the man whom he judges to be best fitted for the position which he 
strives to attain. He is moved by a generous interest in his fellow-citizens, 
promotes every project for the welfare of the city and state, and is a quiet 
but potent factor in many political and social movements. The same 
breadth of view which characterizes his outlook upon politics determines his 
attitude toward religious institutions. 

Mr. Cook is a thirty-second-degree Mason. He belongs to the Mer- 
chants" and ^Manufacturers' Association, American Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation, Maryland Pharmaceutical Association, Baltimore Drug Exchange, 
retired member of the Maryland National Guard with the rank of cap- 
tain, member of the Maryland Historical Society, the Municipal Art So- 
ciety, and Sons of the American Revolution. He is a member of the Balti- 
more Yacht Club, the Baltimore Athletic Club, the Maryland Country 
Club and the Journalistic Club. In all these organizations he is a welcome 
presence, being, like his father and grandfather, a man of most courteous 
manners and yet firm and unyielding in all that he believes to be right. 
He has a high appreciation of the good in others, and meets all men on 
an equal footing, showing no distinction, in his courtesy, between the 
highest in the social scale and the humblest. Mr. Cook married, July 3, 
1899, Mrs. Henrietta McRae. 

No man in Baltimore stands higher in business and social life than 
does Mr. Cook. His word is as good as his bond and his name is a guar- 
antee of honorable dealing. He is a man of strong will, inflexible purpose 
and sound judgment, and these characteristics are the foundation on which 
has been reared the fair fabric of his successful career. Before reaching 
the prime of life he has attained a position that many an older man might 
well envy, and working as he has done along progressive lines, none who 
know him can doubt his being destined for still larger usefulness and 
greater successes. 



THOMAS L. BERRY 

Thomas Lansdale Berry, the motto of whose family is, "Nothing with- 
out labor", is a notable instance of the great things that may be achieved 
by simple personal industry. A tremendous worker and an advocate of 
work, he has accomplished in the course of his busy and distinguished 
career twice as much as the usual individual accomplishes in any one line, 
and preserves his physical vigor and fitness by the constant exercise of his 
remarkable powers. His ability of concentration, kept in daily and hourly 
practice, is wonderful, and is sufficient in itself to render him well quali- 
fied to perform whatever he has a mind to do. Of striking personal 
appearance, eyes full of the fire of youth, and a directness of manner and 
speech that goes straight to the mark, he impresses one immediately as a 
man who sees into the heart of things with keen judgment of men and 
events; and he has withal a wonderful command of language, with an 
instinctive selection of the right word for the right place which amounts 
almost to genius, and which, with his suave and courtly address, impresses 
one at once with the idea that he might have attained distinction as an 
orator had occasion offered. 

As it is, in the world of finance he has succeeded in making himself 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 711 

a most important factor; born with a genius for figures, his clear business 
methods and views, and his systematic attention to the details of a matter 
as well as to its larger aspects, have won for him a most pronounced suc- 
cess in life, so that he now has the distinction of being one of the heads 
of the Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, and the Fidelity Trust 
Company, which occupy the massive and imposing building, sixteen stories 
high, at the corner of Charles and Lexington streets, probably the most 
commanding site in the city of Baltimore. 

As may be judged at a glance, Mr. Berry is the descendant of an old 
and illustrious family, being of Norman ancestry and tracing his lineage 
back to the old French house of Berri, whose dukes have won renown in 
many periods of history. Soon after the Norman Conquest of England 
in 1066, the English ancestors of the family settled in the county of Sus- 
sex ; and their coat-of-arms, ermine, with three fleurs-de-lis, the griffin's 
head, and the motto, "Nihil sine lahore" , were engraved on the old family 
silver which was still in the possession of James Berry, the first of the 
family to come over to the New World. He sailed from England in about 
1630 or 1632, settling in James City county, Virginia. In 1652, with his wife 
Elizabeth and son William he migrated to the province of Maryland, and 
they established themselves in Calvert county, on the Patuxent river. By 
patent and purchase he acquired large tracts of land in this county, and 
in Somerset, now Talbot county. He attained a prominent position in 
the colony, was member of the Provincial Court for Calvert, became com- 
missioner under the commonwealth, being appointed and serving at a court 
held at Patuxent in 1654, and was a member of the Maryland Assembly, 
dying in 1657. He was married in Virginia. 

His son William also represented Calvert county in the Maryland 
Assembly, and was a gentleman justice of that county ; in 1682 he gave 
twenty acres of land on Battle Creek upon which to erect a town called 
Battle Town. From father to son the generations passed, marrying with 
the daughters of various counties in Maryland, and serving the State of 
their adoption long and well in Calvert, Talbot, Kent, Prince George, 
Montgomery and Baltimore counties, until the third Benjamin Berry died 
in Baltimore in the year 1815. He had married a Miss Eleanor Lansdale, 
leaving a son, Thomas Lansdale Berry, the father of Jasper Manduit Berry; 
who, marrying Lydia Wilmer Emory of Queen Anne's county, daughter of 
Judge Daniel Cox Hopper Emory and his wife Frances Wilmer, became the 
father of the present Thomas Lansdale Berry, and died in Baltimore, Oc- 
tober 15th, 1906. 

Thomas Lansdale Berry was born in Baltimore, November 28, 1854, 
receiving his education in his native city at George Gary's School for Boys, 
now known as Dunham's Latin School for Boys. He expected to follow 
the profession of civil engineer, but when leaving school, at the age of 
eighteen years, he entered his father's business as bookkeeper, remaining 
with him for about two years ; he then became general clerk in the Bank 
of Commerce. On December 15, 1875, he was made runner for the Na- 
tional Exchange Bank, being later promoted to the post of discount clerk, 
which he held until July 15, 1890, when he was appointed general book- 
keeper of the Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, devising the sys- 
tem of the company which had started in business in June of the same 
year. In February, 1892, he became auditor of the company, and in Janu- 
ary, 1901, he was elected second assistant secretary and treasurer. In this 
capacity he was actively associated with the Treasury Branch, where he 
countersigned bonds, followed the system of records, and superintended 



712 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

the formulation of the many statements which the company placed before 
the public. He also had charge of the recoveries of the company, and 
acted in an advisory capacity to the adjusting department. He w^as one 
of the incorporators of the Fidelity Trust Company in 1904, and elected 
assistant secretary and treasurer at its organization in April, 1905 ; he 
remained in these capacities with both companies. He was also one of 
the incorporators of the Baltimore Fidelity Warehouse Company, becom- 
ing a member of its board of directors and its only treasurer until its pur- 
chase by the Western Maryland Railroad Company in 1910. His maturity 
of judgment and ripe experience make him indispensable to the companies 
with which he has become associated, and he has grown to be a power in 
the financial world generally. His conservatism renders him a factor for 
safety in business circles, and he is frequently enabled to warn his friends 
of the danger of various speculations. 

He is a man of action rather than words, his remarkable business tal- 
ents and untiring energy permitting him to demonstrate his public spirit 
by actual achievements that advance the prosperity and wealth of the com- 
munity. To whatever is undertaken by him he gives his whole soul, 
allowing none of the many interests confided to his care to suffer for want 
of close and careful attention. When difficulties and obstacles confront 
him, he displays a rare force of character that enables him to overcome 
and continue along his way of even prosperity, wisely seeking success 
along the lines of least resistance ; yet he has an ambition that reaches out 
eagerly into all fields and grasps all opportunities that may be presented. 
It is thus that his present high position in all business circles has been 
attained. 

Mr. Berry still holds a certificate from the State of Maryland as certi- 
fied public accountant ; and is a member at present of the Maryland Asso- 
ciation of Certified Public Accountants and of the American Asso- 
ciation of Public Accountants, having previously served as president of 
the former and one of the vice-presidents of the latter. He possesses a 
rare gift of intuition that is so frequently found associated with pro- 
nounced mathematical tastes, and is a man of keen vision and far sight. 
And he is a man of strong religious tendencies, standing high in the com- 
munity because of his creed and practice, a devout member of the Re- 
formed Episcopal Church. He is a vestryman of the Church of the Re- 
deemer, its choir master, and president of its Men's Association ; is also 
treasurer of the General Council of the Reformed Episcopal Church, and 
vice-president of the Trustees of the Sustenation Fund of the same church. 

Mr. Berry has been twice married; his first wife, whom he married 
on August 24, 1 88 1, having been a Miss Minnie Rebecca Cole, daughter 
of William H. Cole and Emma (Cooke) Cole, of Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. His second wife, by whom he has two children, Grace Christian 
Noakes Berry, and Thomas Lansdale Berry Jr., was a Miss Gertrude 
Clarkson Noakes, whom he married February 13, 1895 ; she is the daughter 
of the Rev. Benjamin Thompsett Noakes and Sarah (Piper) Noakes, of 
Ticehurst, England. They have a charming home at Roland Park, one 
of the finest suburbs of Baltimore. Mr. Berry is as highly esteemed as a 
neighbor as he is by his business associates, and takes a leading position 
in civic affairs. He is one of the police commissioners of Roland Park, 
a member of the Civic League, and of the Property Owners' Conference 
of Plat No. I, of that place. He is also a member of the Society of the 
Ark and Dove, of the Sons of the American Revolution, and of the Society 
of Colonial Wars. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 713 

Those who meet him socially have the highest appreciation of his 
sterling qualities, and of his kindly nature which recognizes and appre- 
ciates the good in all alike. The ties of home and friendship are sacred to 
him, and he takes keen delight in doing service to those who are near and 
dear. At all times he stands as the exponent of the spirit of the age in 
his efforts to advance improvement, making wise use of his opportunities 
and worldly wealth. Graven on his escutcheon is the motto "Noblesse 
oblige", beside the more ancient motto of his house, "Nihil sine labore" , 
that has borne fruit so bravely in the New World at its cultivation by this 
latter-day representative of the old Norman line. 



JERE WILLIAMS LORD 

The present work would be very imperfect if it failed to record the 
lives of some of those distinguished men who have arisen to professional 
eminence in the city of Baltimore. Dr. Jere Williams Lord is a man of 
great sagacity, quick perceptions, sound judgment, noble impulses and 
remarkable force and determination of character. Honorable in every 
relation of life, and of unblemished reputation, he commands the respect 
and confidence of all who know him. It is unnecessary to say that as a 
physician he is held in highest estimation by his fellow-citizens. The 
record of his daily life is filled with the evidence of this fact. As he has 
devoted his life to a noble profession, so is he now crowned with its 
choicest rewards. In all professions, but more especially in the medical, 
there are exalted heights to which genius itself dares scarcely soar, and 
which can only be gained after long years of patient toil, arduous and un- 
faltering courage. To this proud eminence we may safely say Dr. Lord 
has risen, and in this statement we are sustained by the universal opinion 
of his professional brethren, the best standard of judgment in such cases. 

Tobias Lord, grandfather of Dr. Lord, was engaged in the manu- 
facture of lumber in the state of Maine, and was a staunch supporter of 
the principles of the Republican party. He married Adelaide Hobson. 
Children: John Deering, see forward; Jere H.; Abby, who married Dr. 
William Cobb; Fannie, deceased; Tobias Jr. 

John Deering Lord, son of Tobias and Adelaide (Hobson) Lord, died 
in 1896, having retired from business about 1889. He was in the cooperage 
business, shipped to Cuba, and traded molasses and sugar for the lumber he 
sent there. He started in business in Portland, Maine, and from thence 
came to Baltimore, Maryland, where he was a member of the firm of Lord 
& Hight from 1878 until his retirement. His political affiliations were with 
the Republican party. He married in Baltimore, about i860, Jannett R. 
Williams. Giildren : John Deering, born October 22, 1862. deceased; 
Jere Williams, see forward. 

Dr. Jere Williams Lord, son of John Deering and Jannett R. (Wil- 
liams) Lord, was born in Portland, Maine, February 5, 1864. LTntil the 
age of fifteen years he attended the public schools of his native city, and 
was under private tuition in Latin and Greek for a period of two years. 
He then matriculated at the Johns Hopkins Laiiversity, from which he was 
graduated in 1884 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in 1887. He served as resident physician in the 
Presbyterian Hospital in Philadelphia, 1887-88; demonstrator of anatomy 
in the Women's Medical College, Baltimore, Maryland, 1890-91 ; lecturer 



714 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

on dermatology, 1890-1893, College of Physicians and Surgeons; instructor 
of anatomy and assistant in dermatology at the Johns Hopkins University, 
1893-98. and since professor of dermatology at Johns Hopkins University; 
professor of anatomy at the Baltimore Medical College, 1900-02 ; pro- 
fessor of dermatology, 1897-1902; recording secretary of the Medical and 
Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland, 1897. In collaboration with Rohe he is 
the author of "Diseases of the Skin." Dr. Lord is a man of deeply im- 
bedded convictions as to right and duty, and as true to such convictions as 
is the magnetic needle to the star of the North. Sympathetic with the suf- 
fering, his views are broad, and he is possessed of large faith and a great 
heart. He was formerly a member of the University and Maryland Country 
clubs, and at present is a member of the Baltimore Club and the Medical 
Journal Club. 

Dr. Lord married, in Baltimore, June 8, 1898, Evelyn, born in Balti- 
more, daughter of Daniel F. and Hannah M. Pope, and sister of George, 
deceased. Fred. W., Bert, Mrs. (Annette P.) Edward S. Edge, who lives in 
Cleveland, Ohio, and Mrs. (Mamie P.) Clem Clemment, who lives in 
Atlanta, Georgia. Daniel F. Pope was of Maryland, was in the produce 
business for many years, and is now retired and lives with Dr. Lord. 
Children of Dr. and Mrs. Lord : Llewellyn Williams, born September 13, 
1900, is at the Jefferson School ; Jannett Williams, a student at Bryn 
Mawr; Jere Williams Jr., born October 12, 1910. Dr. Lord exhibits no 
false pride in his bearing toward fellow-men ; he does not stand aloof from 
them with any feeling of superiority, but meets all on the common plane 
of universal brotherhood, and finds his many friends among all classes of 
humanity. The term friendship is to him no mere idle word, but a recog- 
nition of the intrinsic good in others and a genuine delight in their com- 
panionship. Happily gifted in manner, disposition and taste, enterprising 
and original in his ideas, liked most by those who know him best, and as 
frank in declaring his principles as he is sincere in maintaining them, his 
career has been rounded with success and marked by the appreciation of 
men whose good opinion is most worth having. 



ALEXANDER T. LEFTWICH 

Alexander T. Leftwich, of the firm of Ricards, Leftwich & Company, 
and for more than forty-three years prominently identified with the finan- 
cial, social and business interests of Baltimore, is of ancient English de- 
scent. Tradition assigns the following origin to the patronymic : Two 

brothers named Vernon lived on a stream called Wich one on the 

right side, the other on the left. The ancestor of the left Wich was called 
Vernon of Leftwich. The arms of the family are as follows : Arms : 
Argent, on a fess-engrailed azure, three garlands or. Crest : Five leaves, 
conjoined at base sort. Motto : Vernon semper floret. 

In the beautiful county of Cheshire, England, is situated Leftwich 
Hall, about a mile from the town of Norwich, and the township of Left- 
wich. In the time of Edward the Confessor the manor belonged to Osmer, 
Saxon lord of Sihroe. After the conquest it was granted to Richard de 
Vernon, Baron of Shipbrook, who accompanied the Conqueror to England; 
from Richard it descended to Sir Warin de Vernon. At the death of Sir 
Warin the estate passed to Margery, his daughter and co-heiress, who mar- 
ried Sir Richard de Wilbraham, their daughter Matilda becoming the wife 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 715 

of Robert de Croxton, a lineal descendant of the Viscounts of the Coten- 
tin, Normandy. About 1250 Robert de Croxton took the name of Leftvvich 
from his wife's estate, and in this name he and his lineal descendants held 
it for over four centuries, when another Robert de Leftwich, dying, left 
an only daughter, Elizabeth, who married William Oldfield, Esquire. Their 
descendants were the Leftwich Oldfields, the last of wdiom died in 1736. 
Thus the estate descended uninterruptedly from the Concjuest for six hun- 
dred and seventy years. 

Ralph Leftwich and his wife, Eleanor Mainwaring, were the parents 
of three sons. Robert, Thomas and William. Robert married and had 
two daughters, Elizabeth and Eleanor; Thomas married, in 1556, Catha- 
rine, daughter of Arthur Holford, and had Ralph, of whom nothing fur- 
ther is heard. The records of New Kent county, Virginia, show that on 
August 10, 1658, Ralph Leftwich received a grant of land on the Pianka- 
tank River, "said land being due unto Ralph Leftwich for the transporta- 
tion of six persons into this colony." This Ralph Leftwich was presumably 
the descendant of Thomas Leftwich, of Cheshire, England, son of Ralph 
Leftwich and his wife, Eleanor Mainwaring, of Leftwich Hall, Cheshire. 

Augustine Leftwich Sr., probably the grandson or great-grandson of 
Ralph Leftwich, the immigrant, received the following grant : "Know ye 
that, for divers good causes and considerations, etc., we do give, grant and 
confirm unto Augustine Leftwich one certain tract and parcel of land, 
containing 212 acres, lying and being in the county of Bedford, on both 
sides of David's Creek, etc." Signed by Francis Fauquier, Esquire, Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Virginia, at Williamsburg, September 26, 1760. Au- 
gustine Leftwich Sr. served in the French and Indian war in 1758. His 
children were: William; Thomas, mentioned below; Augustine (2); 
Uriah ; John ; Littleberry ; Jabez ; Joel ; Fanny ; Mary ; Nancy ; and Re- 
becca. The daughters became respectively Mrs. Carter, Mrs. Early, Mrs. 
Pettross and Mrs. Moorman. Late in life, Augustine Leftwich Sr. mar- 
ried, December 2, 1779, Elizabeth Stovall, who survived him. His will is 
dated June 10, 1795. 

Among the descendants of Augustine Leftwich Sr. was one of the 
notable women of America, Mrs. Roger A. Pryor, one of the six founders 
of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution and 
the first regent of the New York city chapter, honorary vice-president of 
the national society and honorary regent for the State of Virginia. Mrs. 
Pryor is also a charter member of the National Society of Colonial Dames, 
and vice-president of the Society for Preservation of Antiquities in Vir- 
ginia, vice-president of the National Mary Washington Memorial Associa- 
tion, trustee of the Virginia Historical Society, associate trustee of Bar- 
nard College, and one of the original group of women who started the 
well-known literary circle, the Wednesday Afternoon Club. 

(II) Thomas, son of Augustine Leftwich Sr., received the following 
grant from George the Third : "Know ye, etc.. to Thomas Leftwich, 70 
acres of land in Bedford county, north side of Goose creek. Witness, 
John Blair, President of our Council, Commander-in-Chief of said Colony 

and Domain at Williamsburg. Under the seal, July 20, 17 ." Thomas 

Leftwich was captain in General Edward Stevens' regiment, Virginia, 
and was afterward made colonel. He commanded the rear guard of 
General Gates' division at the battle of Camden. Colonel Thomas Left- 
wich married (first), December 10, 1764, Mary Challis, and had issue: 

Sally, v/ho married Smith ; Nancy, who married Clark ; and 

Polly, who married Rice. Colonel Leftwich married (second), 



7i6 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

April 2, 1771. Bethunia Ellis, and their children were: Charlotte, who 

married John Claytor; James, who married ; William, who married 

Sally Leftwich ; Susannah, who married David Thurman ; Elizabeth, who 
married Thomas Stratton. Colonel Leftwich married (third), October 30, 
1782. Jane Stratton, becoming by this marriage the father of the fol- 
lowing children : Emilia, who married Colonel Mark Anthony ; Thomas, 
died young; Lucy; John; Sophia, who married (first), Jonah Dobyns, and 
(second) Stephen Martin; Augustine, mentioned below; Alexander, who. 
married Sally Smith ; Joel, died unmarried ; Catharine, who married James 
C. Brown; Jane, who married Joshua R. C. Brown; and Thomas (2), who 
married Maria Warwick. Colonel Thomas Leftwich died May 3, 1816. 

(III) Augustine, son of Thomas and Jane (Stratton) Leftwich, was 
born March 4, 1794. He possessed large estates in Bedford county. He 
married (first) Mildred Ward, of Campbell county; their only child, Mil- 
dred Elizabeth, married Edward H. Dillard, of Campbell county. He mar- 
ried (second), July 3, 1830, Elizabeth Williams Clark, of Camden, South 
Carolina, and by this marriage became the father of the following children : 
I. ^lajor L. Clark Leftwich. 2. Mrs. William King, of Lynchburg, Vir- 
ginia. 3. Mrs. T. H. Wingfield, of Baltimore. 4. Augustine, who was one 
of the famous "Otey Battery," and was killed at Gettysburg. 5. Alexander 
T., mentioned below. 6. Alexander Hamilton, of Virginia. 7. Mrs. An- 
drew R. Humes, of New Jersey. 

(IV) Alexander T., son of Augustine (2) and Elizabeth Williams 
(Clark) Leftwich, was born January 18, 1845, and early received the foun- 
dation of a thorough education, first attending a private school kept in his. 
native town, Lynchburg, Virginia, and afterward entering Lynchburg Col- 
lege, at that time a prominent educational institution. While pursuing his 
studies there the Civil War broke out, and in February, 1863, he enlisted in 
the Signal Corps of the Confederate army. After seeing some service he was 
taken prisoner by General Grant's army at the fall of Vicksburg. One 
night, during the siege, two barges, one on each side of a tug, carrying 
supplies down the river, were shot at while passing the city and set fire to 
in the middle of the stream. Among those who were rescued from the 
barges and brought in as prisoners was Richardson, then a corre- 
spondent of the Neiv York Tribune, and subsequently a party to the famous 
Richardson-McFarland incident. Mr. Leftwich treated him with courtesy 
and kindness, and after the surrender, Richardson, in gratitude, sought him 
out and gave him a helping hand after a long illness. Mr. Leftwich was- 
subsequently paroled and then exchanged, serving until the surrender of a 
part of the Army of Virginia at Charlotte, North Carolina, near the close 
of the conflict. 

With the return of peace Mr. Leftwich resumed his studies, subse- 
quently graduating at the University of Virginia. While there he was secre- 
tary of the Jefiferson Society, and in looking over the minutes from the 
time of its organization curiosity impelled him to seek for the records kept 
years before by the poet, Edgar Allan Poe, who, when at college, had been 
the society's secretary. What was his surprise to find that the pages were 
missing, the remaining edges showing the course of the vandal's knife ! 
Thus a most interesting part of the records of the society are forever lost 
to its members. Mr. Leftwich was afterwards president of the Alumni 
Association in Maryland. 

In 1868 Mr. Leftwich came to Baltimore and established the firm of 
Ricards, Leftwich & Company, of which he is now the sole surviving 
member. In 1878 the firm, which has always maintained a high standard 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 717 

of integrity, and which had steadily grown to prominence in the tobacco 
business, organized the department of the' Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Com- 
pany known as the "Locust Point Tobacco Inspection." This department 
has ever since been successfully conducted by the firm. The long period of 
Mr. Leftwich's business career has been one of unabating energy and un- 
faltering industry. His commercial connections have made him known in 
Europe as well as at home, and, through his pioneer work in establishing 
the tobacco trade with Japan, he is well known in the Orient. His deter- 
mined will, dauntless courage, and unshakable poise render him a man 
to be counted upon in any emergency and depended upon in any situation 
of life. 

While devoted to his home city and progressive in his plans for her 
improvement, Mr. Leftwich desires to see her progress rest on a sure foun- 
dation and will consent to further no projects which lack the element of 
permanence. He has been a member of the Chamber of Commerce and 
other representative organizations and is at present a director in the First 
National Bank. Since 1868 he has belonged to the Maryland Club, being 
one of about five continuous members who were associated with the club 
when he joined it. He is one of the original members of the Merchants' 
Club and also holds membership in the Baltimore Country Club and simi- 
lar organizations devoted to outdoor sports for which he has always had 
a strong predilection. He possesses a cultivated musical taste and much 
musical ability, and was one of the organizing members of the old Balti- 
more Glee Qub. He has never taken a prominent part in politics and has 
always shown a decided disinclination to accept office. In 1896 and 1900 
he served as a member of the Committee of Seventy in the silver fights 
and he is now Belgian consul at Baltimore. 

Mr. Leftwich married, October 16, 1878, Rosalie Vivian Lightfoot, 
of Mobile, Alabama, who died in November, 1910. She was a descendant 
of two distinguished families of Virginia and Alabama. There are two 
sons : Vivian C. and Alexander Thornton. Mrs. Leftwich, a woman of 
the most attractive personality, presided with charming graciousness and 
tact over a home which is the abode of culture and refinement and en- 
riched by many valuable and beautiful heirlooms. Among them, in addi- 
tion to portraits and mahogany furniture, are an old clock imported in 
1735, and a set of silver tumblers, bearing the Leftwich crest and a date, 
which have been in daily use for over one hundred years. Mr. Leftwich is 
a man of strong presence, affable and courteous in manner and a pleasing 
and interesting conversationalist. He finds in travel one of his chief recrea- 
tions, and some years ago, while in London with Mrs. Leftwich, the latter, 
strolling in one of the suburban parks, sat down on a bench the other end 
of which was occupied by a lady with a little pet dog. The diminutive ani- 
mal, with the usual confiding friendliness peculiar to his race, began making 
advances to Mrs. Leftwich. His mistress apologizing, the ladies entered 
into conversation, and when Mrs. Leftwich happened to say that she was 
waiting for her husband, Mr. Leftwich, to her infinite astonishment, the 
strange lady explained, with amazement, that she was the sister of Dr. Ralph 
Winnington Leftwich, of London. When Mr. Leftwich joined them, ex- 
planations followed which proved them to belong to the same Leftwich 
family. The relations between the two families in England and 
America have been very cordial ever since, and Mr. and Mrs. Left- 
wich have been entertained at Leftwich Hall. Mr. Leftwich has 
in his possession a beautiful water color of the mansion, painted by the 
celebrated artist, George R. Leftwich, of Hertfordshire, England, who has 



7i8 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

done some professional work for King Edward. His brother, Dr. Ralph 
W'innington Leftwich, of London, stands high in his profession and is an 
author of some note. Alexander T. Leftwich has recently returned from 
England, where he had the pleasure of meeting and being entertained by his 
English cousins, and as Belgian consul he was royally entertained while in 
Brussels, an especial attache being placed at his service. 

]\Ien of the type of Mr. Leftwich form, in every community, a small 
but dominant class. They are men who combine with the enterprise, pru- 
dence and knowledge of affairs of the well-trained civilian the determina- 
tion, forethought and daring of the experienced military commander. These 
are the men w4io constitute the bulwark of the growth and development of 
ever}- great city. 



ALONZO L. MILES 

A man of large and symmetrical mentality, who is at the same time an 
orator of great personal magnetism, is invariably a power in his community 
and exerts an influence which extends far beyond its limits. Such a man 
is Alonzo L. Miles, counsel to the police department of Baltimore City, emi- 
nent in his profession and, for the last twenty years, prominently identified 
with the political life of his city and State. Mr. Miles is a descendant of 
ancestors who were among the earliest settlers of Somerset county, Mary- 
land, where the family has always been of social prominence and political 
importance, holding large landed estates. 

Southey F. Miles, father of Alonzo L. Miles, was for some time sheriff 
of Somerset county. During the Civil War he very strongly sympathized 
with the South and, being a man of great moral courage who scorned to 
conceal his honest convictions, was subjected, by reason of this openly 
avowed sympathy, to much trouble and many difficulties. He served for 
some time as collector of customs of the port of Crisfield, Somerset county, 
but resigned when the Cleveland administration reduced the office force. He 
married Christina Roach, of a prominent Somerset county family, and their 
children were: Joshua; Southey P.; Jennie, wife of N. J. P. Tull; Adelia, 
wife of William E. Whittington ; Aurelia, and Alonzo L. Joshua Miles, the 
eldest son, represented the Pirst Congressional District in 1884, and is now 
the leader of the Somerset county bar as well as the political leader of his 
county. Southey F. Miles, the second son, lives on the old homestead which 
was the birthplace of himself and all his brothers and sisters and where their 
childhood was passed. 

Alonzo L., youngest child of Southey P. and Christina (Roach) Miles, 
was born February 3, 1864, on his father's farm in Somerset county. He 
received his preparatory education in the public schools of his neighborhood, 
passing thence to the Western Maryland College, Westminster, Maryland. 
From this institution he graduated at nineteen, the age at which most youths 
enter upon a college course, but in acquiring his education Mr. Miles exhib- 
ited that rapidity and vigor of intellect by which he has ever since been dis- 
tinguished. He then began to attend the lectures at the Law School of the 
University of Maryland, and in 1885, being then twenty-one years of age, 
was admitted to the bar at Princess Anne, Somerset county. Shortly after, 
his father resigned the office which he then held, that of collector of customs 
of the port of Crisfield, and Mr. Miles was appointed in his stead, being 
preferred before several prominent citizens. Although this was done on the 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 719 

recommendation of United States Senator Wilson, after careful investiga- 
tion by the special inspector, the selection of so young a man for the most 
important presidential appointment in the county caused at the time much 
critical comment, but the manner in which Mr. Miles discharged the duties 
of the office speedily silenced the most censorious and convinced everyone 
of the wisdom of President Cleveland's appointment. 

Mr. Miles filled this position until the election of President Harrison, 
when he resigned, notwithstanding the fact that his commission had not yet 
expired, and removed to Cambridge, Dorchester county, Maryland, where he 
engaged actively in the practice of his profession, carving out for himself, 
by his unaided learning and ability, a most enviable position. Possessing 
that judicial instinct which makes its way quickly through immaterial details 
to the essential points upon which the determination of a cause must turn, 
he speedily became noted for the force and clearness of his arguments and 
for his rapid apprehension of whatever the opposing counsel might be en- 
deavoring to establish. His broad, comprehensive grasp of all questions pre- 
sented to him is accompanied by an unusual facility in getting at the bottom 
of every contention submitted. 

From an early period in his career politics engaged much of Mr. Miles' 
attention, though never to the neglect of his professional duties, his devo- 
tion to these being regarded by him as the source of his success, not only 
in law, but also in public affairs. In 1892 he represented Dorchester 
county in the legislature, and the same year was presidential elector-at- 
large from Maryland on the Cleveland ticket. In the legislature of 1898 
he again represented Dorchester county and in May of that year removed 
to Baltimore, forming a partnership with Arthur P. Gonnan Jr., a son of 
the late Arthur Pue Gorman. In May, 1900, he was appointed, under the 
administration of Governor Smith, counsel to the police department of 
Baltimore city, holding the position through the administrations of Gov- 
ernors Warfield and Crothers to the present time. In 1906 the firm of 
Miles & Gorman was dissolved by mutual consent and Mr. Miles has since 
practised alone. 

As a political speaker Mr. Miles has been brought forward in numer- 
ous campaigns, his extraordinary gifts as a public speaker causing him 
to be much sought after. The greatest of all political agencies — oratory — 
is, in the hands of Mr. Miles, a weapon of well-nigh incalculable force. 
Logic clear and forcible, sarcasm quiet but scathing, and wit of rapier- 
like keenness are wielded by him with a masterly skill, nor does he hesi- 
tate to use a force not seldom the most potent that can be invoked, that 
of humor. Many times has his introduction of the mirth-provoking ele- 
ment swayed vast audiences with the resistless magnetism ever possessed 
by the true orator, achieving triumphs which form part of the political 
history of the State. The spell of his more impassioned appeals is some- 
thing never forgotten by those who have experienced it. 

Mr. Miles is very fond of travel, albeit the incessant and various de- 
mands upon his time allow him little opportunity of indulging in it, and 
in the spring of 191 1 he enjoyed a month's trip to Santo Domingo, of 
which his facile pen gave a graphic account in one of the Baltimore papers, 
describing concisely but vividly things seen and impressions received dur- 
ing his brief sojourn in the tropics. One of the most energetic and enter- 
prising of Baltimore's citizens and possessed of a high degree of public 
spirit, he has that rapidity of judgment which enables him in the midst 
of incessant business activity to give to the affairs of the community effort 
and counsel of genuine value. His penetrating thought has often added 



720 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

wisdom to public movements and, although aristocratic in his sentiments, 
he ever takes an interest in those matters tending to promote the welfare 
and happiness of the toiling multitude and improve their habits. Although- 
possessing a strongly marked social nature, he is a member of no clubs or 
fraternities, his profession and his home, to both of which he is devoted, 
absorbing his entire time. His religious affiliations are with the Protestant 
Episcopal church. 

Air. Miles married, February 13, 1891, at Christ Church, Cambridge, 
Agnes Hooper, daughter of J. Henry Hooper, of Cambridge, Maryland, 
distantly related to Phillips Goldsborough, the newly-elected governor of 
jNIarjland. and a great-niece of Nevett Steele, dean of the faculty of the 
Law School of the University of Maryland, and at the time of his death 
the nestor of the Baltimore bar, Mr. and Mrs. Miles are the parents of 
four children: Alonzo L. ; Hooper S. ; Nesta Louise, and Clarence W, 
Mrs. Miles, a charming woman of unusual culture and most winning per- 
sonality, has made the home over which she presides the centre of a coterie 
of social and professional friends. Essentially courteous in all his relations 
to the bar, Mr. Miles, in private life, adds to courtesy the utmost geniality, 
entertaining hospitably and delighting in the companionship of his friends. 
Active, virile, alert, good-looking, he is withal an earnest student and, 
although essentially a jurist, keeps closely in touch with every phase of 
life. Despite the fact that his career of independence and self-support be- 
gan early and that his activities have been more strenuous than those of 
most men, he looks younger than his forty-seven years, in which period he 
has accomplished what would be reckoned achievement sufficient for three 
score and ten. 

Mr. Miles has already added a brilliant chapter to the record of an- 
cestors who in their day and generation rendered good service to the State, 
but in the prime of life like his the fulfilment of the promise of youth has 
given assurance of greater things to come, and none who have witnessed 
his career can doubt that its future holds additional lustre for an old 
and honored name. 



THOMAS TAYLOR BOSWELL 

Forceful, sagacious and resourceful, Thomas Taylor Boswell, presi- 
dent of the Big Vein Pocahontas Coal Company, is recognized as one of 
those who are closest to the business concerns and financial interests of 
Baltimore. Prominently identified for nearly forty years with the social 
and commercial life of our city, he has proved himself to be possessed of 
those sterling traits of character which are needed and are sure to be 
appreciated in every community. 

Mr. Boswell comes of ancient Virginia stock, being descended on both 
sides from leading families of the Old Dominion. His maternal line can 
be traced back to Major Lewis Burwell, who settled about 1640 on Car- 
ter's creek, in Gloucester county, Virginia. He was descended from Ed- 
ward Burwell, of Harlington, Bedfordshire, whose father was also Edward. 
Robert Walpole, Earl of Oxford, premier of England, and Horatio, Lord 
Nelson, were descendants of the Burwells through female lines. Lewis 
Burwell, the immigrant, owned the great plantation of Fairfield, the man- 
sion being one of the most unusual in Virginia. It was like some medieval 
castle, or fortress, standing staunch and timeworn until a few years ago, 
when it was burned to the ground. After the Burwells had left it, which 





jrlin . t/. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 721 

was about the beginning of the nineteenth century, it passed through many 
successive hands and came to be called Carter's Creek. The tombs are fit 
for princes, but are now, unhappily, crumbling to decay. 

The Burwells, who went from Gloucester county, established hand- 
some seats in other parts of Virginia, notably "The Grove", near Williams- 
burg, "Carter Hall", in Clarke county, "Stoneland", in Mecklenburg, and 
"King's Creek". The communion service now used at Old Abingdon, the 
parish church of Fairfield, on Carter's creek, was presented by Lewis Bur- 
well, and has "L. B." inscribed upon it. Lewis Burwell was a member of 
the deputation sent to invite Charles II. to come to Virginia, which re- 
mained loyal throughout the period of the civil wars and the protectorate. 
He married Lucy, daughter of the "valiant Captain Higginson, one of the 
first commanders who subdued the country of Virginia from the power of 
the heathen". Lewis Burwell died November 19, 1658, and was buried at 
his seat, "Fairfield", where his tomb and that of his wife are still to be 
seen. Their son, also Lewis Burwell, married Abigail Smith, niece and 
heiress of the Hon. Nathaniel Bacon Sr., president of the council, whose 
whole estate, which had been intended for his nephew, Nathaniel Bacon, 
the rebel, was bequeathed to her and her descendants. The Burwells are 
thus shown to have been one of the richest as well as one of the oldest fami- 
lies in Virginia. Their arms are as follows : A saltire between four grif- 
fins' heads, erased; crest, a grifiin's claw with three talons grasping a twig 
with four leaves. 

Thomas Taylor Boswell, son of William C, and Mary Armistead 
(Burwell) Boswell, was born October 13, 1856, in Henry county, Virginia. 
Mrs. Boswell was a daughter of Peyton Randolph Burwell, of Chase City, 
Virginia. Mr. Boswell died June 21, 1906. Thomas Taylor was the oldest 
of four sons, the others being John L., living in Wheeling, West Virginia; 
Dr. H. H., living in Buffalo, New York, and William C, deceased. There 
were also three daughters : Nannie R. ; Lucy S., who married N. R. Ed- 
wards, of Williamsport, Pennsylvania, formerly of Kentucky ; and Mary 
A., who is the wife of James Burgess, of Roland Park, Baltimore. Thomas 
Taylor Boswell was educated in the public and private schools of his native 
place, and in 1874 came to Baltimore, which has ever since been his home 
and the scene of his business career. On his arrival he became clerk for 
A. Schumacher & Company, and through his own individual efforts, strict 
application and hard work, rose to the position of superintendent of lines. 
Later, in connection with H. G. Hilken and W. G. Atkinson, he formed the 
Elbarge Transfer Company, which became extinct in 1906. He was also 
instrumental in organizing the Chesapeake and Lighterage Towing Com- 
pany, which is still in existence. With these two companies he was con- 
nected for ten years. 

In 1893, while still associated with A. Schumacher & Company, he 
founded and organized the Merchants' Coal Company, becoming its presi- 
dent, an office which he retained until two years ago, when the business 
was purchased by J. S. and W. S. Kuhns, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Mr. 
Boswell then organized, in April, 1909, the Big Vein Pocahontas Coal Com- 
pany, with mines at Pocahontas, Virginia. Of this organization he is still 
president. He is a typical business man. quick to see an emergency and 
equally quick in devising a plan to meet it ; decisive in his methods, keenly 
alive to any business proposition and its possibilities, and finding that pleas- 
ure in the solution of a difficult business problem without which there can 
be no real success, as otherwise there is indicated a lack of that intense 
interest which must be the foundation of all progress in commercial and 



-^22 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

industrial lines. In addition to his presidency of the company, Mr. Bos- 
well is also president of the Bear Run Coal & Coke Company, a new enter- 
prise, which has recently moved its offices to Baltimore. 

The welfare of his adopted city is always an object of his solicitude 
and an appeal in behalf of any institution or project designed to further 
that end never fails to secure an interested hearing- and the utmost aid 
which it is in his power to bestow. He has been personally associated as 
trustee with St. Mary's Industrial School and other charitable and benevo- 
lent institutions. He contributes to the coffers of different societies, not- 
withstanding the fact that he is a member of none. In politics he is a 
staunch Democrat, taking great interest in public affairs, but has never 
been induced to accept office. 

]\Ir. Boswell married, April 6, 1881, in Baltimore, Sallie E., daughter 
of Andrew and Jane (Stewart) Brown. Mr. Brown, who is now deceased, 
was a well-known contractor. Mr. and Mrs. Boswell have one son : Ed- 
ward T., born August 13, 1882; he is a member of the Baltimore Athletic 
Club. He married, April 6, 1903, Winifred H. Dillinger, and they are the 
parents of two children : Winifred Dillinger and Sarah Catherine. 

Mr. Boswell Sr. is the owner of a stock farm of one thousand and 
sixty acres, in Long Green valley, seventeen miles from Baltimore, and 
there he and his family spend the summer months. He is extremely fond 
of animals and finds in the management of this farm congenial recreation 
after the unremitting cares and strenuous toils of business. Mr. Boswell 
is a man of serious aims, far-sighted in business, broad in views, cherishing 
generous ideals, entertaining in society, and finding his friends among the 
young and old, rich and poor, conscious of the dignity of life, these are 
traits which shine in his character and make him an object of universal 
esteem and a representative of those interests which have most largely 
conserved the growth and progress of the Monumental City. 



JOHN KELLEY 



The pages of this work illustrates the lives of many successful men 
who have risen from poverty to opulence and influence, but of none can it 
be said more truthfully than of the late John Kelley, of Baltimore, Mary- 
land, that his work from beginning to end was inspired by a generous, 
proud and loyal heart, and useful to the last degree. He possessed, in no 
small degree, that mysterious and magnetic charm which, intangible as the 
spirit of life itself, yet manifests itself with dynamic force in all human 
relations, to differentiate its possessors from the commonplace. 

John Kelley was born in Southwest Baltimore, Maryland, in 1848, and 
died at his hotel, Congress Hall, at Ocean City, July 8, 1910. His father, 
also John Kelley, was a well-known contractor of the city of Baltimore. 
Young John received a good education in the public schools of his native 
city, and at a suitable age commenced his business career. In his early 
years he achieved a reputation as an opener of oysters, being reputed to 
be able to open more oysters in a given time than any other man in the 
city, and he was one of the introducers of a simpler method of accomplish- 
ing this work. In 1884, in association with Michael Ganzhorn, Mr. Kelley 
opened a hotel on North Eutaw street, which became famous as Kelley's 
Hotel. Mr. Kelley took charge of the oyster department, and his excel- 
lent management of this, together with the exquisite quality of whatever 







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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 723 

was served, established the reputation of this hotel all over the country. 
It became the chosen resort of professional men in all lines, and among 
the famous statesmen who patronized it was James G. Blaine, and in the 
theatrical list may be found such names as Richard Mansfield, Robert Man- 
tell, George M. Cohan, and many others equally celebrated. When this 
first partnership was dissolved, the late Howard Burrows became asso- 
ciated with Mr. Kelley, and he was succeeded by Charles Sees. When 
the latter retired, Mr. Kelley assumed the management alone for some time, 
but finding it too great a strain to conduct this increased business without 
competent assistance, he admitted his nephew, J. F. Loudenslager, to part- 
nership. 

This arrangement was continued until May, 1909, when Mr. Kel- 
ley sold out his interest to Mr. Loudenslager. Mr. Kelley then opened 
another establishment on McClellan's alley, just off Baltimore street, but 
discontinued this in May, 1910. He went to Ocean City with his family 
and there assumed the active supervision of his hotel, Congress Hall, at 
that place, and was also interested in the fishing industry, supplying his 
hotel and a number of others. Congress Hall had been established about 
sixteen years previously by him, and he had always conducted it very suc- 
cessfully. It served as his home during the summer months during all this 
time, while his winter residence was at No. 2101 North Calvert street, Bal- 
timore. 

While he was reputed to be a man of considerable wealth, those 
who knew him well maintained that he made thousands of dollars, but they 
never remained in his possession, as he was too ready to assist his friends 
and those not so fortunate as himself. No good work in the name of 
charity or religion sought his cooperation in vain, and he brought to bear 
in work of this character the same discrimination and thoroughness which 
were characteristic of his business life. He was a plain, earnest, just man, 
full of common sense, and faithful in all the relations of life. Whether in 
public or private life, all men trusted him. 

Mr. Kelley married Mary P. Sees, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She 
survives him with their only son, John X. The home life of Mr. Kelley 
was one that was envied by many, as he was devoted to his wife and to his 
son, who is a member of the Fifth Regiment, Maryland National Guard, 
and well known in athletic circles. Mr. Kelley is also survived by his sis- 
ters, Mrs. Emma F. Loudenslager, of Baltimore, and Mrs. J. E. Henry, of 
Atlantic City, New Jersey, and by a brother, James Kelley. He was a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and the Improved 
Order of Heptasophs, and the former association took charge of the funeral 
services. 

The boy was taken to Baltimore on the steamer "Cambridge" 
and removed to his late home. It was surrounded by beautiful floral trib- 
utes, and the Rev. Herbert Parrish, pastor of St. Luke's Protestant Episco- 
pal Church, officiated at the house and at the grave, the interment taking 
place at Loudon Park Cemetery. The pallbearers were all selected from 
the membership of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, which 
had charge of the funeral services. Too much cannot be said of the many 
admirable traits characteristics of Mr. Kelley. His industry and energy, 
his courage and fidelity to principle, are illustrated in his career ; and brief 
and imperfect as this sketch necessarily is, it falls far short of justice to 
him, if it fails to excite regret that there are not more citizens like to him 
in virtue and ability, and gratitude that there are some so worthy of honor 
and of imitation. 



/^4 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 



DR. WILLIAM E. MOSELEY 



Among the physicians of Baltimore who have won an honorable place 
in the profession through quiet, conscientious work on scientific principles, 
without the aid of journalistic enterprise, is Dr. William E. Moseley. 
Though a native of Massachusetts, of Colonial descent, he has long been 
a Baltimorean by adoption. 

(I) John Moseley was the founder of the family in this country. He 
came from Lancashire, England, in 1629, in the ship "William and Mary", 
and settled at Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1630. He was one of those 
who gave land for and endowed the first public school building in Massa- 
chusetts. He died October 27, 1661, and his wife, Cicily, died December 
3. 1661. 

(II) Thomas, eldest son of John Moseley and his wife, Cicily, mar- 
ried ]\Iary. daughter of Thomas Lawrence, of Hingham, Massachusetts. 

(III) Ebenezer, son of Thomas and Mary (Lawrence) Moseley, was 
born September 4. 1673; died September 19, 1740; married Hannah Weeks, 
daughter of John Weeks. Ebenezer Moseley was constable in 1705, town 
clerk in 1721, town treasurer in 1720, selectman, 1 719-20-21. 

(I\^) Nathaniel, son of Ebenezer and Hannah (Weeks) Moseley, was 
born 1715. He married, 1742, Sarah Capen, a great-great-granddaughter 
of John Alden, of "Mayflower" fame (see Alden V). Jonathan Buckland, 
a great-great-grandfather of Dr. Moseley, was also a soldier in the Revo- 
lutionar}^ War, as was Nathaniel Moseley, of the fourth generation. 

(V) Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel and his wife, Sarah (Capen) Mose- 
ley, was born 1743, and married Rosannah Al worth in 1768. 

(VI) Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel and his wife, Rosannah (Alworth) 
Moseley, was born 1771, and married Electa Buckland, July 14, 1796. 

(VII) Charles Benjamin, son of Nathaniel and his wife. Electa 
(Buckland) Moseley, was born March 24, 18 17. He married, February 15, 
1837, Emeline Foster, who was also a descendant of the early English 
settlers. 

(VIII) Dr. WiUiam Edward Moseley, son of Charles Benjamin and 
Emeline (Foster) Moseley, was born at Petersham, Massachusetts, May 
22, 1848. His elementary education was acquired in the public schools of 
Medford, Massachusetts, which he attended until the age of fifteen years, 
and then accepted a position with the firm of Gardner Brewer & Company, 
in Boston. Later he entered the employ of C. F. Hovey & Company, in 
their wholesale department. From his earliest years he had been of a 
studious disposition, and during the time spent in the various business 
positions he continued his studies in his spare time, and when he left the 
last-mentioned firm in 1867, he entered Antioch College, at Yellow Springs, 
Ohio, and remained there three years. As he was obliged to earn the 
money necessary for his college expenses, his health became impaired in 
1870 by too close applicatioii to work and study. He returned to Boston 
for a time, then matriculated at the Harvard Medical School in September, 
1870, becoming a member of the first class that voluntarily adopted a three 
years' course. While there he acted as assistant to Dr. Clement Walker, 
who was at the time superintendent of the Boston Lunatic Hospital, and 
a part of his time was spent in charge of the Pauper Hospital, on Rains- 
ford Island. Dr. Moseley served as interne in the Massachusetts General 
Hospital, during 1873-74, and as assistant to Dr. George C. Shattuck in 
the Good Samaritan Hospital and in his private dispensary. He was gradu- 





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HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 725 

ated with the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1874 and immediately re- 
moved to Baltimore, where he established himself in practice. He soon 
took an especial interest in cases of a gynecolog'ical nature, and determined 
to make a specialty of this branch of the medical profession. In order 
to obtain the largest amount of experience in this field of surgery, he 
served during the hospital year 1880-81 as a member of the staff of resident 
physicians of the New York Woman's Hospital. Prior to 1894 he served 
for several years as gynecologist to the Union Protestant Infirmary in 
Baltimore, and then established a private sanitarium for the treatment of 
cases of this nature, and also served as gynecologist to St. Agnes Sani- 
tarium. 

In 1897 the Baltimore Medical College elected him professor of dis- 
eases of women, and he was appointed gynecologist to the Maryland Gen- 
eral Hospital. He held both these positions until January, 1909, at which 
time he resigned and was made Emeritus Professor. He had been hon- 
ored with a number of appointments to offices which clearly indicate the 
high value placed upon his services by the medical fraternity. Among these 
are the following : President of the Gynecological and Obstetrical Society 
of Baltimore ; the Clinical Society of Maryland, and the Alumni Association 
of the New York Woman's Hospital ; ex-president of the Harvard Club of 
Maryland ; member of the American Medical Association ; Medical and 
Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland ; the American Gynecological Society ; the 
Harvard Medical Alumni Association ; the Maryland Historical Society, and 
tlie Civil Service Reform Association. He is also a member of the University, 
Johns Hopkins and Harvard clubs of Baltimore, and was a charter mem- 
ber of the Baltimore Country Club. In political matters he upholds the 
principles of the Republican party as far as national government is con- 
cerned, and in State and city affairs he reserves the right to independent 
opinion. 

Dr. Moseley married, May 22, 1879, Elizabeth B., daughter of the late 
Dr. William Riley, of Baltimore. They have had four children, of whom 
the two now living are : William Edward Jr.. born December 8, 1882, and 
Thomas Addis Emmet, born August 2^, 1886. The Moseley family is 
well known and esteemed in social circles, and their friends are numerous 
throughout the city. The force of character and strong individuality of 
Dr. Moseley, combined with his candid and genial manner, have won for 
him the love and confidence, as well as the gratitude, of his patients, and 
his readiness to share his acquired knowledge with his younger confreres 
has gained him many personal friends in the profession. 

(The Alden Line). 

Through the Alden line. Dr. Moseley traces his ancestry to the earliest 
colonial days, and to the famous John Alden and Priscilla Mullins, immor- 
talized by the poet Longfellow. 

(I) John Alden, of "Mayflower" fame, married Priscilla Mullins. 

(II) Ruth Alden, sixth child of John and Priscilla (Mullins) Alden, 
married John Bass at Duxbury, 1657. 

(III) Sarah, youngest daughter of John and Ruth (Alden) Bass, born 
1672; married, January 7, 1692, Ephraim Thayer; died 1751 ; had 14 
children. 

(IV) Ruth, eighth child of Ephraim and Sarah (Bass) Thayer, born 
1704; married, 1722, John Capen ; settled in Braintree ; had 12 children. 

(V) Sarah, eldest child of John Capen and his wife, Ruth (Thayer) 
Capen, married Nathaniel Moseley, 1742. 



726 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 



ROBERT PATTERSON GRAHAM 

Robert Patterson Graham, the newly appointed Secretary of State, is 
of high standing at the Baltimore bar, and has been for years a leader in 
the councils of the Republican party. Mr. Graham comes of Pennsylvania 
and Maryland ancestry, and his entire career has been identified with the 
interests of his native State — the old Colony of the Calverts. 

Samuel A. Graham, father of Robert Patterson Graham, came in 1848 
from Pennsylvania to Maryland and became a member of the bar of this 
State. When the Civil War broke out he was State's Attorney of Somer- 
set county, but resigned in order to enlist in the Union Army. He was a 
staunch Loyalist, and was one of the few men who relinquished office to 
fight for the Old Flag. He married Louisa Collier, a native of Maryland. 

Robert Patterson, son of Samuel A. and Louisa (Collier) Graham, 
was born April 7, 1868, in Salisbury, Maryland, and received his educa- 
tion under the guidance of private tutors. His professional training was 
obtained in the Law School of the University of Maryland, from which 
he graduated in 1888, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He at once 
entered upon the practice of his profession, in which he has been very suc- 
cessful, showing himself to be strong in reasoning and forceful in argu- 
ment, cool and resourceful, with a broad, comprehensive grasp of all ques- 
tions that come before him and an unusual facility for getting to the bot- 
tom of every contention submitted. 

From his youth Mr. Graham has been an earnest and discriminating 
student of the political questions and issues of the day, and from the time 
he attained his majority has supported with his vote the men and measures 
of the Rpublican party, with which he has always been identified, not by 
inheritance alone, but also from profound conviction. In 1895, during the 
Lowndes campaign, he was elected comptroller of the treasury, in which 
office he was succeeded by Governor Goldsborough, and the duties of 
which he discharged in a manner most honorable to himself and satisfac- 
tory to his constituents. In 1898 he was elected State Tax Commissioner, 
and during his incumbency succeeded in collecting many back dues, thus 
securing for the State considerable sums of money. He was succeeded in 
the office by Colonel Buchanan Schley. 

During the campaign of 191 1 which witnessed the election of Gover- 
nor Goldsborough, Mr. Graham was among the foremost of those who 
labored for the restoration of the Republican party, being distinguished 
for the fearless, able and high-minded manner in which he took part in 
the contest. In January, 19 12, he was appointed by Governor Goldsbor- 
ough, Secretary of State. In regard to this appointment, The Baltimore 
Sun, a Democratic organ, said, editorially : 

In his selection of a Secretary of State, Governor-elect Goldsborough has named 
a Republican of the better type. Mr. Robert P. Graham is the kind of man with 
the kind of record whom his party can afford to put to the front. He is progressive, 
clean and capable, and his record and standing argue that his influence in the new 
administration that begins to-day will be for good. While a strong party man, he 
is not offensively partisan, and his clear understanding of political conditions in the 
State ought to be of great assistance to the new executive. The appointment is not 
a political one, but a purely personal selection due to the close friendship that has 
existed between the Governor-elect and Mr. Graham. 

One of the subjects in which the new Secretary of State is especially 
interested, in common with all other Marylanders, is good roads, and an- 




.^^.--^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 727 

other is the revision of the old tax system. He also desires to see the Wil- 
son law changed, in accordance with the principle that all election laws 
should be uniform. He does not accept the dictum of the woman suffra- 
gists that the vote would uplift, believing rather that it should be granted 
as a consequence of the uplifting of those for whom it is desired. The 
science and psychology of government is a subject which possesses peculiar 
interest for the new Secretary of State and one to which he has for years 
given the attention demanded by a fascinating and absorbing study. 

It may readily be supposed that Mr. Graham, with his time engrossed 
as it is by public duties, has little opportunity to read anything with the 
exception of the literature of his profession of which he has ever been a 
close student. Such leisure as he has, however, he devotes in part to his 
favorite author, Lucian, a complete copy of whose works is always on his 
library table. Another book of which he is a constant reader is Burton's 
Anatomy of Melancholy. In common with most Eastern Shoremen, the 
Secretary of State is fond of all water sports, and is so great a lover of 
horses that he has not yet exchanged these animals for a motor. Although 
he is said to have had a delicate childhood, Mr. Graham is now of robust 
appearance, with a strong, benevolent face, piercing, yet kindly eyes, and 
a manner which, while invariably gentle and courteous, is plainly indicative 
of his great decision of character. 

Mr. Graham married, in 1895, Caroline Riggs Dorsey, of Baltimore, 
and they are the parents of three children : Margaret Dorsey, born Sep- 
tember 29, 1896; Eleanor Patterson, born March 24, 1899; and Robert P. 
Graham Jr., born January 17, 1912. Mr. and ^Irs. Graham are members 
of the Presbyterian church, and their home at Roland Park is a centre of 
gracious and genial hospitality, presided over by a hostess whose charm and 
tactfulness peculiarly fit her for the position to which she has been sum- 
moned in the official society of Annapolis. With her exceptional social 
gifts Mrs. Graham combines those of perfect womanliness and domesticity 
and another which is, perhaps, rare among her sex, that of an unerring 
judgment, a union of qualities of special value to her husband to whom 
she is not alone a charming companion, but a confidant and adviser. 

When the Grand Old Party, by the election of Governor Goldsborough, 
came once more to its own, its restoration was, in large part, the work of 
Mr. Graham, and now, as Secretary of State, he will stand at the right 
hand of the Chief Executive and to the utmost of his power aid in making 
the Republican reign one of usefulness and honor to the noble State of 
Maryland. 



ADDISON RUFUS RUSE 

Mr. Addison Rufus Ruse represents one of the branches of the old 
Le Roux family of the South. He is a direct descendant of Abraham Le 
Roux, one of the three brothers, xA.braham, Isaac and Jacob, who were born 
in this country after the Huguenot immigrants made a home in the New 
World. In the year 1743, Abraham Le Roux migrated with his brothers 
from New Jersey to the Valley of Virginia, where he changed the spelling 
of his name to Ruse, or, as sometimes given, Le Rue. He did not remain 
long in Virginia, but passed on to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and from 
there to Berks county in the same State. He then removed to York county, 
Pennsylvania, where he died in the year 1757. His son, Michael Ruse, who 



728 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

seems to have resided in Frederick county, IMaryland, was a soldier in the 
War of the Revolution, and is buried in the Manor graveyard at Adams- 
town. Frederick county, Maryland. 

The son of Michael Ruse was Solomon, born in Loudoun county, Vir- 
ginia, on the 19th of September, 1798, and dying on November 30, 1889. 
He was a farmer, at one time owning a square mile of land on the site of 
the present town of Hamilton, in Loudoun county. He was a prominent 
member of the ]\Iethodist church in that vicinity, and his home was the 
headquarters of the various Methodist ministers of the time. He married 
Tabitha Tavener, who was born at Hamilton on the 17th of June, 1801, 
and died February 14, 1870; she was the daughter of Mrs. Patty Tavener, 
a descendant of the famous old Nixon family, who trace their ancestry 
back in a direct line through many generations in the New and Old World, 
to ^^'illiam Nykson, of York, England, in 1416; the family having first 
appeared in that country as Nix, as early as the year 1273, and appearing 
as Nixon in the reign of Edward IV. The immigrant ancestors of the 
Nixon family in America were three brothers, John, Jonathan and George, 
all born in Inniskillen, Ireland, who came over to Virginia in the middle 
of the eighteenth century. 

William Nixon Ruse, the son of Solomon and Tabitha (Tavener) 
Ruse, and who became the father of Addison Rufus Ruse, was born in 
Loudoun county, Virginia, on the 28th of March, 1824, and died July 15, 
1856. He was, like his father, a farmer by occupation. He married 
Louisa Kephart, who was born in Frederick, Maryland, in the year 1828, 
and died April 11, 1903. 

Addison Rufus Ruse, son of William Nixon and Louisa (Kephart) 
Ruse, was born in Hamilton, Loudoun county, Virginia, on the 30th of 
July, 1849. He attended private schools in Hamilton for four years and 
when, in 1863, the family removed to Frederick, Maryland, he attended 
commercial college there for a year, graduating in 1865. He then entered 
a book and stationery business where he continued for several years, when 
he became a reporter on the daily and weekly Times, working his way up 
to the position of managing editor. His association with this paper lasted 
from 1880 to 1884, when it was sold out, and he became for a year a 
reporter on the Frederick News. After this he came to Baltimore and 
engaged as proofreader in the printing office of C. C. Bartgis Brothers, 
remaining with them until the year 1901, a period of over thirteen years; 
when he was offered the position of proofreader in the Baltimore & Ohio 
railroad office, which he accepted, and has remained with them ever since. 

]\Ir. Ruse is an extremely public spirited m.an and has been active in 
public affairs for many years, having for a number of years past acted as 
a registration officer and a judge of elections. He is a member of many 
societies and lodges, having been recording secretary of the Vigilant Coun- 
cil, of the Junior Order United American Mechanics, which he helped to 
organize and named in the year that the world's yacht race was won by 
the "Vigilant". Several times he has been representative of the State 
Council. He belongs to Washington Camp, No. 24, of the Patriotic Order 
of the Sons of America, which camp he organized on the i6th of April, 
1897. and of which he has been reelected secretary, now serving in that 
capacity. 

On the i6th of August, 1872, Mr. Ruse married, in Frederick, Mary- 
land, Martha Alice Kussmaul, of that city. She is the daughter of Fred- 
erick Kussmaul, deceased, who was a shoemaker in Frederick, and his wife, 
Sophie (Cline) Kussmaul. The family is of German descent, Mrs. Ruse's 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 729 

uncle, a brother of Frederick Kussmaul, having been secretary to the Ger- 
man King, William I ; both brothers were born in Germany. Mr. and 
Mrs. Ruse have two children : Harry R. Ruse, a sketch of whom follows, 
and Nellie M. Ruse, who was born in Frederick, Maryland, attending the 
public schools of that city. 

Mr. Ruse is a very domestic man, devoted to his family, with whom 
he spends all of his time not required by his business and social duties; 
he is a member of Grace Methodist Church, at Carrollton and Lanvale 
streets, and he and his family are constant atendants. It is to such staunch, 
public spirited men, unpretentious in the performance of their duties to 
church and state, that Maryland and the city of Baltimore owe so much of 
their solid prosperity. 



HARRY RUFUS RUSE 

Harry Rufus Ruse is a prominent member of the younger generation 
of business men in the city of Baltimore, and it is due to the skill with 
which he has exercised the powers with which nature endowed him that 
he has advanced to his present standing in the business world. He gives 
careful consideration to every business proposition presented to him and 
walks firmly in the path which he has decided to follow after careful 
planning. 

Mr. Ruse is the son of Addison R. and Martha Alice (Kussmaul) 
Ruse, and was born in Frederick, Maryland, December 31, 1878. His early 
education was acquired in his native town, from whose schools he went to 
the Baltimore City College, then to the Polytechnicum, from which he was 
graduated in 1898 with honors. For a period of two years he was mathe- 
matical instructor in this institution, then engaged in mercantile life, hold- 
ing the position of salesman for Mr. John C. Scherer for two years. 
Upon the death of Mr. Scherer in 1907, Mr. Ruse became associated with 
Mr. Thompson and a partnership was formed and the business conducted 
under the firm name of John C. Scherer Jr. Company, until April, 191 1, 
when the name was changed to Ruse & Thompson. 

This business is one of the very old ones of Baltimore, having been 
organized in 1834 by Christopher Scherer, who was succeeded by his son, 
John C. Scherer, who was succeeded in turn by his son, John C. Scherer 
Jr., the immediate predecessor of the present firm. This firm manufactures 
store, bank and drug fixtures and a complete line of office fixtures. The 
salesrooms are located at Nos. 9-1 1 North Gay street, where a large stock 
of fixtures and office furniture is displayed. The factory is located at No. 
808 Low street, and is one of the most modern structures of its kind in 
this city, having a frontage of 44 feet and a depth of 200 feet, being a five- 
story building. This firm also has a warehouse, located in the rear of the 
above building, and is also five stories high and is 55 feet by 66 feet ; floor- 
ing being connected by bridges, makes it as practically one building. 

Lender the able management of Mr. Ruse, the most modern business 
methods have been introduced, and the affairs of the firm kept strictly 
up to date. In consequence of these methods the business of the concern 
has increased with enormous rapidity and it has every reason to anticipate 
a long era of prosperity. While Mr. Ruse is a patriotic and progressive 
citizen, he has hitherto contented himself with casting his vote for the 
Republican party without evincing any aspiration for public office. His 



730 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

religious affiliations are with the Episcopalian denomination, and he is a 
member of the Lafayette Square Church. 

i\Ir. Ruse married, November 12, 1907, Edna Eugenia, daughter of 
Edwin B. and Anne E. (Barton) Foxwell, of Baltimore, where Mr. Fox- 
well is the proprietor of a number of lunchrooms. Mr. Ruse is a man of 
pleasant, sociable disposition, who very readily makes friends, but the 
chief interests of his life are those which center about the business with 
which he is identified. It is a constant and never-tiring pleasure to him to 
grapple with a difficult business proposition, and when he has mastered the 
difficulties with which he was confronted, he feels refreshed and doubly 
able to cope with others. 



THOMAS G. BOGGS 

Among Baltimore's most enterprising and far-sighted citizens, whose 
interest in the civic advancement of the Monumental City is paramount, 
may be mentioned Thomas Graves Boggs, secretary of the Merchants' and 
]\Ianufacturers" Association, and a brilliant and successful journalist and 
man of letters. He is a most progressive and energetic man, but always 
along lines whose foundations are stable and above question ; public spirited, 
shrewd, genial, and possessed of a distinctly pleasing personality, he is 
highly esteemed by all with whom he comes in contact, and is thus able 
to wield through his personal influence a strong power for good in his 
community. In person Mr. Boggs is a man of medium height, or perhaps 
a trifle over, with a broad, intellectual forehead, hair tinged with gray, 
and large, clear eyes that give a wonderful expressiveness to his counte- 
nance ; and his manner is affable, polished and gracious to a degree. In 
his life are the elements of greatness because of the use he has made of 
his talents, and the opportunities of which he has taken full advantage. 

Mr. Boggs is a citizen of Baltimore only by adoption ; he was born 
in the city of Richmond, Virginia, on the 8th of May, 1864, and is the 
son of the late Josiah Neely Boggs, who died in 1900, and his wife, Vir- 
ginia Pocahontas Graves. In his youth he was passionately fond of horses ; 
and though spending most of his time in Richmond, would take long horse- 
back excursions into the country, even before he was twelve years of age; 
he was an expert swimmer and sailor, and interested in all wholesome, out- 
of-door sports. Never idle for a moment, he worked also at various tasks 
for the pure love of work ; attending horses as a matter of choice, interested 
in machinery and making things, especially carpentering, enthusiastic in 
regard to locomotives and steamboats, was it wonderful that the boy early 
developed that independence and efficiency that has since so strongly char- 
acterized him? And with all of his activity and stored-up energy he was 
equally interested in books and reading, history being his special delight. 

It was the desire of his father, who was a physician and a surgeon in 
the Confederate Army during the entire war, to have the boy adopt his 
profession; and to this end he used every effort. But young Boggs had 
his own ideas in regard to his future, and early determined upon his own 
course. After preparatory studies in the public schools and under private 
tutors, he attended the Western University of Pennsylvania; and then 
took a special course in civil engineering at Lehigh University. It was not 
in his plan to receive a degree, but upon completing his course, which he 
did at the age of nineteen, he at once carried out the aim of his life and 
entered upon journalism. From the age of nineteen to twenty years he did 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 731 

special newspaper work in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and after that all 
kinds, becoming correspondent at the Cotton States Exposition in New 
Orleans, in 1885, for a number of newspapers. In the same year he pur- 
chased the Huntsville, Alabama, weekly Mercury and founded the daily 
Mercury. 

Before the end of the year 1885, he became a member of the editorial 
staff of the Memphis Appeal; and in the year 1892, founded the Memphis 
Business League, now the Business Club, and was its first secretary. In- 
terested in civic matters from his youth upward, Mr. Boggs devoted him- 
self heart and soul to the municipal improvement of Memphis, establishing 
the commercial and civic body there, promoting the Democratic Sound 
Money Convention in 1895. In the year 1898 he moved to Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, taking the management of an insurance company there, and 
becoming a member of the Citizen's Committee of Ten which brought to 
punishment the grafting public officers of Milwaukee in 1904. All of this 
while he was busily writing under his own name and under noms de plume, 
keeping actively before the public, wherever his pen might reach, the 
needs of the people and the methods by which the necessary reforms might 
be brought about and abuses corrected. He stood ably as the exponent of 
the spirit of the age, in his efforts to advance progress and improvement 
in every way, bringing about country-wide benefits ; and his success in life 
is not measured by his financial prosperity. 

In his political convictions Mr. Boggs is a Democrat, but with strongly 
independent leanings, never voting for Bryan, and not adhering to the 
party when it went for free silver. He has never held political office, 
against which he has always had the strongest repugnance ; and is one of 
those men who might be of inestimable benefit to the country if he could be 
persuaded to bring his integrity, patriotism and far-sightedness to its 
service in this way. His attitude in this is an unspoken commentary upon 
the amount of corruption to be found among office-holders and office-seek- 
ers, and indicates how much yet remains to be accomplished in civic im- 
provement. In his religious belief Mr. Boggs is a Presbyterian, holding 
strong views and liberal ones, and despising all narrowness ; he has been a 
trustee in the Presbyterian church. 

He belongs to the Masonic fraternity but to no clubs ; and is a mem- 
ber of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, and of the 
Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association of Baltimore, of which he is 
secretary. He is at present editing a monthly magazine published by this 
association, which has its offices in the Emerson Tower Building, and 
issues a most interesting little folder descriptive of the city of Baltimore, 
giving its main statistics and items of interest in a nutshell. Mr. Boggs is 
also a director of the American Mirror Works of Baltimore, and is thor- 
oughly identified with the interests of the city, whose well-being he has 
very much at heart. He has been a close student of many of its important 
and vital problems, and holds advanced views on many questions. It is in- 
teresting to note that he has also seen military service, having been an 
officer in the Second Regiment, National Guard of Tennessee, and serving 
during the Coal Creek riots in East Tennessee. 

On the 19th of December, 1889, ^I^- Boggs was married, in Memphis, 
Tennessee, to Olie B. Clapp, daughter of Judge and Mrs. Jeremiah W. Clapp, 
and has one daughter, Evaline Clapp Boggs, to whom he is tenderly de- 
voted. In any and every relation in life he is a most independent and 
dependable man, strong in his convictions, looking to no man to outline for 
him any course of reason or action, and failing in no trust or responsibility 



732 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

that falls upon his broad shoulders. He is a man to be trusted and looked 
up to as a leader, inspiring courage and optimism in those who follow ; he 
adheres unfalteringly to whatever he believes to be right, and his fearless- 
ness in defense of his honest convictions awakens the respect of even those 
who oppose him. Ready to meet any obligations of life with the confidence 
and courage that comes of rare personal ability, right conceptions of things, 
and an habitual regard for what is best in the exercise of human activities, 
he is a man, take him for all in all, that Baltimore may well claim with 
pride as one of her leading and most enlightened citizens. 



WILSON GARY McHENRY 

The McHenry family of which Wilson Gary McHenry is the present 
representative, is one of the oldest in the country, the immigrant ancestors 
having been Scotch-Irish Presbyterian settlers, who came over from Bally- 
mena, near Belfast, Gounty Antrim, Ireland, in the middle of the eighteenth 
century. According to the family traditions their ancestors had lived in 
Ballymena for many generations before the birth there of Daniel McHenry 
in 1725. He was a merchant, whose wife, Agnes, bore him two sons: 
James, the date of whose birth is usually given as November 16, 1753; and 
John, his younger brother. In the year 1771, James McHenry was sent on 
a voyage to the colonies, his health having become impaired by too close 
apphcation to his studies at a classical academy in Dublin. In 1772, Daniel 
McHenry with his wife and younger son, John, followed to the new 
world ; Daniel establishing himself in business with his son John as 
partner, under the firm name of Daniel McHenry & Son. James McHenry 
married and left children, the present descendants tracing their lineage 
through his second and fourth sons, the latter of whom was John, the 
second of the name; his youngest child, Margaretta, born March 7, 1794, 
died of consumption November 26, 1809. 

John McHenry, son of James, was born March 3, 1797, and died 
October 6, 1822. He was educated for the bar, and married, on the 7th of 
December, 1819, Juliana Elizabeth, daughter of Golonel John Egger How- 
ard. One son, James Howard McHenry, born on the nth of November, 
1820, died on the 25th of October, 1888. He married, on the 25th of June, 
1855, Sarah Nicholas Gary, daughter of Wilson Miles Gary, of Baltimore. 
Seven children were born to them : Juliana, who died in 1900 ; James, and 
Gharles Howard, who died in infancy ; Wilson Gary, who married Edith L. 
Dove, of Andover, Massachusetts ; Ellen Garr, who married R. Brent Key- 
ser, of Baltimore ; John, who married Priscilla Stewart, of Baltimore county ; 
Sophia Howard, who married Gharles Morton Stewart Jr., of Baltimore 
county. The genealogy of the McHenry family in full, together with an 
account of the various intermarriages with other prominent Maryland 
families, is to be found in a volume entitled "The Life and Gorrespondence 
of James McHenry", by Bernard G. Steiner, published by Burrows Brothers 
Gompany, Gleveland (1907). 

Wilson Gary McHenry, son of James Howard and Sarah Nicholas 
(Gary) McHenry, was born on the 31st of January, 1859, O" the McHenry 
estate at Pikesville, Baltimore county, Maryland. The estate was a very 
extensive one, and formerly owned nearly a thousand acres of valuable 
land where Pikesville is now located, about two hundred acres having 
been sold to a company which built up Sudbrook Park, one of the pret- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 733 

tiest suburbs in Baltimore county. Mr. McHenry's education was re- 
ceived primarily at George Carey's private school, after which he attended 
the Pennsylvania Military Academy for a year. He received the degree 
A. B. at Yale University in the year 1880, after which he took a law course 
at the University of Maryland, graduating with the degree of LL.B. in 
1882. In this same year, after passing the necessary examinations, he was 
admitted to the Baltimore bar, but practised for only a short while. His 
father dying, he became executor and trustee of the estate, being associ- 
ated in this capacity with McHenry Howard and his mother ; since this 
time he has traveled extensively and has seen a great deal of the world 
at large. He possesses rare social qualifications. Gifted with hard com- 
mon sense, as well as the higher intellectual faculties, he commands the 
admiration and esteem of those among whom he moves, both in business 
and social life, and is regarded as a delightful companion and conversa- 
tionalist. He is a member of the Society of the Cincinnati, of the Bache- 
lors' Cotillon, and of the Elkridge Fox Hunting Club, in which he takes a 
lively interest. He has been a member of a number of other clubs from 
which, however, he has resigned. He is a most accomplished and enter- 
taining host, widely informed, in close touch with the events of the day, 
and acquainted with prominent men of all professions and callings ; yet 
he is extremely democratic in his convictions, acknowledging only the 
supremacy of brains and industry. 

In his political convictions, Mr. McHenry leans toward the Democratic 
party, but reserves for himself the privilege of voting for the man whom 
he believes to be the best representative of the people in whatever party 
he may be found. He is equally independent in his religious opinions, in 
which, being a man of clear convictions and strong judgment, he is not 
guided by popular supersititions, but has carefully considered the founda- 
tions of belief and the highest conceptions of truth. Mr. McHenry has 
great reverence for his ancestors, and has in his possession, as his share 
of the family estate, letters and valuable manuscripts of such men as 
George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, etc., written to and concerning 
his ancestor, James McHenry, who was an exceedingly able and prominent 
man in his time. It is to such worthy representatives of the old historic 
families of the country as Mr. McHenry has shown himself to be, that the 
city of Baltimore owes so much of its prestige among its sister cities of 
the Republic. 

On the 27th of October, 1890, Mr. McHenry married Edith Lyle 
Dove, daughter of George W. Dove, of Andover, Massachusetts, and has 
two children: James Howard McHenry, born January 11, 1892, who is 
now in his sophomore year at Yale ; and Edith Dove McHenry, who is at 
school in Boston, Massachusetts. 



CHARLES GOLDSBOROUGH KERR 

The late Charles Goldsborough Kerr, a prominent and successful law- 
yer and state's attorney, was a lineal descendant of Scotch and English 
settlers of the Colonies. 

David Kerr, grandfather of Charles G. Kerr, was a native of Dun- 
reith. Shire of Galloway, Scotland, who came to America in 1769, locat- 
ing in Falmouth, Virginia, removing thence to Annapolis, Maryland, and 
from the latter place to Talbot county, which he represented in the House 
of Delegates in 1798. He died at Easton, Maryland, 1816. 



734 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

John Leeds Kerr, father of Charles G. Kerr, was a native of Mary- 
land. He was one of the leaders of Talbot county bar and of the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland, was a member of Congress from 1827 to 1833, and 
United States senator from 1841 to 1843. He was a member of the Na- 
tional Whig Convention held at Harrisburg in 1839, and one of the state 
electors on the ticket for "Log Cabin" candidates. Before entering Con- 
gress, Mr. Kerr was agent of Maryland for the prosecution of militia claims 
against the United States growing out of the War of 1812. He married 
Eliza Goldsborough, a native of Maryland, and a lineal descendant of 
Nicholas Goldsborough, who came from England and settled in Kent 
Island, 1640. Her father, Charles Goldsborough, was governor of Mary- 
land in 1817, a member of Congress, 1805-17, and his death occurred 
December 13, 1834. John Leeds Kerr died February 12, 1844, after a life 
of usefulness and activity. His widow survived him many years, passing 
away in December, 1870. 

Charles Goldsborough Kerr was born in Easton, Talbot county, Mary- 
land, October 23, 1832. He was placed under the instruction of private 
tutors, and the knowledge thus acquired was supplemented at Easton 
Academy and in private institutions in New Haven, Connecticut, and 
Washington, D. C. He then entered Harvard Law School, graduating 
therefrom in 1852. The following year he took up his residence in Balti- 
more and entered the law office of Brown & Brunne, remaining there until 
his admission to the bar in June, 1855. After practising law for several 
years, during which time he achieved success and renown, he entered into 
business relations with Thomas W. Hall, and together they founded the 
newspaper known as the Daily Exchange, conducting the same from 1858 
to 1861, in which latter year the publication was abandoned. Mr. Kerr 
then resumed the practice of law and continued along that line until fail- 
ing health compelled him to retire from an active career. 

He took an active interest in the politics of his native state, giving 
his allegiance to the candidates and measures of the Democratic party. 
In 1869 he was representative of the old Eleventh and Twelfth wards in 
the Second Branch City Council, serving four consecutive years, during 
which time he was chairman of ways and means committee. In 1875 ^e 
was elected to represent the Eleventh Ward in the First Branch City 
Council ; he was urged to the presidency of each branch, but declined. 
There were few members of council more active and zealous in behalf of 
municipal interests than he. In 1876 he was a presidential elector from 
the Fourth Congressional District on the Tilden-Hendricks ticket. In 
1879 he was elected state's attorney for Baltimore, an office which he 
held for four consecutive terms, sixteen years. In 1894 he was nominated 
by acclamation for judge of the supreme bench. He was an active member 
of St. Andrew's Society, serving in the capacity of attorney for many years 
and for a term as its second vice-president. He was a member of St. 
Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church. 

Charles G. Kerr married, April 25, 1867, Ella, youngest daughter of 
the late Hon. Reverdy Johnson, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in 
this work. She survives him. Children : Mary Bowie, Ella Johnson, 
Charles G. Jr., engaged in mercantile pursuits in Baltimore ; Reverdy 
Johnson, a lawyer. Mr. Kerr died at his late home, 1513 Park avenue, 
Baltimore, September 19, 1898. 

Mr. Kerr was a large-hearted and courteous gentleman. As a public 
administrator he was notably guided by moderation and humane considera- 
tions. In the office of state's attorney, which he filled so long and so 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 735 

acceptably, he was considerate of the young and the misguided and made 
it his constant effort to temper justice with mercy. For this he was blamed 
in some quarters, but in the community at large it will stand to his credit 
and to his honor, when many other reputations, founded in less substance, 
have faded out of memory and been forgotten. No man can put his finger 
on a single act of Charles G. Kerr not consistent with the character of a 
gentleman in the true sense of the word. Gentleness of nature and broad 
human sympathies quickened a conscience in him which knew how to dis- 
tinguish between the needless severities of the law and merciful conclu- 
sions which would fully satisfy all the ends of justice. His nature would 
not permit him to use the law as a ruthless instrument of oppression or 
vengeance, and for this he will be gratefully held in memory. In the other 
relations of life he was a devoted husband and parent, a staunch friend 
wherever his friendliness was enlisted, and wholly lacking in qualities cal- 
culated to repel confidence. He was cultivated in mind, polished in man- 
ners, gentle in spirit, and strong in doing what he deemed to be necessary 
and right. 



JOHN GLENN 



John Glenn, the alert and progressive real estate dealer of this city, 
is a man who stands extremely well in the opinions of his fellow-citizens ; 
to the respect with which he is regarded there being added a wide popu- 
larity, due to his witty and genial disposition and his rare sociability. A 
man of many friends, keen, astute, and remarkably well informed in the 
legal profession, he occupies an enviable position in the community where 
his father and grandfathers before him have been known and respected. 
Mr. Glenn's family originally came from Schenectady, where the old man- 
sion, "Scotia", is still standing. His great-grandfather, Elias Glenn, who 
married Ann Carson, became judge of the United States District Court of 
Baltimore City ; and his grandfather. Judge John Glenn, who married 
Henrietta Wilkins, was at the time of his death, in 1853, judge of the 
District Court of the United States for the District of Maryland, follow- 
ing in his father's footsteps and the honors which he held. Judge Glenn 
was for a long time a chief figure in the so-called court-house clique of 
prominent lawyers who ruled the Whig politics of the State ; he was an 
extremely able man, and was reputed to have had a most lucrative prac- 
tice. His son, John Glenn, born in 1829, father of John Glenn Jr., was en- 
gaged in the real estate business and became a very prominent and influ- 
ential man in his locality. He was chairman of the executive committee of 
the Charity Organization Society, and became one of the founders of the 
present system. His wife was a Miss Smith, of Philadelphia, to whom he 
was married in 1859, ^^^ they had two children, John Glenn Jr., and a 
daughter, who is now Mrs. Charles Biddle, of Philadelphia. Charles Bid- 
die is one of the leading lawyers of that city, and is attorney for the 
Traction Company and the Drexel Estate. John Glenn Sr. died on the 
30th of March, in the year 1896, having played a prominent part in the 
activities of the community. John M. Glenn, born 1858, a cousin of the 
present Mr. Glenn, is also distinguishing himself in public affairs and 
progressive movements, especially of a charitable nature, in which he is 
acknowledged to be one of the leading experts of this country. He resides 
in New York, and is the managing director of the Russell Sage Fund. 
He is one of the two Baltimoreans who are active in planning the model 



736 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

suburban city to be built by this Foundation for the accommodation of 
persons of moderate means. This is to comprise a tract of one hundred 
and forty-two acres of land at Forest Hill Gardens, Long Island, nine 
miles from New York City, and will contain homes for about fifteen 
hundred families. He married Mary Willcox Brown, of this city, in 1903. 

John Glenn Jr., son of John Glenn Sr., and grandson of Judge Glenn, 
was born on the 29th of March, 1863, at his grandfather's country place 
in Baltimore county, Maryland ; here he lived until the year 1869, passing 
the first six years of his life in pleasant rural surroundings. His first 
schooling was at George Carey's private preparatory school in Baltimore. 
From there he went to Johns Hopkins L^niversity, and was graduated in 
the year 1885, obtaining his degree of A. B. After this he took a course 
of law at the University of Mar}dand, receiving the degree of LL.B. in the 
year 1887 ; while a student at the university he also read law in the office 
of S. Teackle Wallace. In the year 1887, after he had obtained his degree 
in law, he became associated with his cousin, John M. Glenn, and George 
G. Carey, the son of his former preceptor, in the practice of the law, being 
also actively interested with his father in the real estate business. John 
M. Glenn retired from the firm in 1891. 

John Glenn Jr. has become a very prominent man in business circles, 
his penetrating judgment and the wisdom of his counsel having often been 
of conspicuous benefit in the affairs of the community. He is an extremely 
active and public spirited citizen, being a director in a number of impor- 
tant concerns ; among which are the Friendly Inn and the Maryland School 
for the Blind. He is an Independent Democrat in his political convictions, 
believing always in the best man ; he is a member of the vestry of Christ 
Church, a trustee of the Cathedral Foundation and a trustee of the Johns 
Hopkins University. He belongs to many clubs, among which are the 
University, Johns Hopkins, and the Baltimore Country Club; having been 
governor of the latter for many years. He has always been active in out- 
of-door sports, and has been for many years one of the leading cricketers 
of the city. Mr. Glenn has never married. He is a man of broadly demo- 
cratic views, the while his character and actions attest the good old blood 
that flows in his veins. Tall and fine looking, he evidences his long lineage 
of distinguished forbears ; and though at times he may appear arbitrary 
and determined in matters of import, it is only when he is thoroughly 
convinced that he is following the wisest and most prudent course of con- 
duct. He is one of Baltimore's most earnest and progressive men, and is 
alive with the spirit of the times. 



JAMES W. DENNY 

This work would indeed be incomplete if among the records of those 
whose success in business and commercial life brought prosperity to them- 
selves and their city there should be no mention of those distinguished men 
who have risen to eminence in their various professions and contributed to 
the honor and welfare of Baltimore. The names of many such may be 
mentioned — lawyers, physicians, scholars, divines — who, native here or resi- 
dent from early manhood, have made this city the arena of their combat 
with the world and the scene of their victories. Among these men whose 
names and reputations are so intimately associated with the city of Balti- 
more, stands Major James W. Denny, lawyer and Congressman, whose 





l^^^^^^' 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 737 

forcefulness, calmness, and cool courage, united with his long experience 
in political life, have made him eminently fit for leadership in public affairs. 
He is a man whose views are broad and judgment just, who seldom makes 
a false step and never a foolish one, and who, looking always with un- 
prejudiced eyes to the good of the community, takes the best and most 
direct method of obtaining it irrespective of his own personal interests. 

Major Denny was born in Frederick county, Virginia, the 
eldest son of Robert L. Denny, of Clarke county, in that State. He was 
educated in Virginia, first attending school in Berryville, and afterwards 
graduating at the University of Virginia. When the war broke out, he 
enlisted in Company A, Thirty-ninth Virginia Battalion of Cavalry, and 
served at General Lee's headquarters until the surrender at Appomattox 
courthouse of the Army of Northern Virginia in April, 1865, winning the 
record of an exceptionally brave and enthusiastic soldier in the lost Con- 
federate cause — alert, eager, and fired with the high ideals of the old 
chivalrous days of the South. 

At the close of the war he studied law under Judge Richard Parker, 
of Winchester, Virginia, a jurist of the old school, and was admitted to the 
Baltimore Bar in 1868. He at once located in Baltimore, and entered the 
law offices of Hon. William Pinkney Whyte, with whom he was associated 
for several years ; after which he opened an office for himself at No. 209 
St. Paul street, where he has ever since been continuously employed in 
the successful practice of the law. Since making his home in this State 
he has been actively identified with the public and political life of Mary- 
land, filling various offices of trust with credit and honor to himself and 
satisfaction to the people, but cherishing always a strong afifection for 
his mother state, Virginia. For a period of eight years he served effi- 
ciently as a member of the School Board, as chairman of the committee on 
books. In 1881 he was elected to the First Branch of the city council, 
and in 1882 was unanimously chosen as its president. In 1888 he was a 
member of the legislature, and served on the judiciary, military and other 
committees. 

He was appointed chairman of a Special Committee on City Exten- 
sion, and through the important part which he played, and his faithful and 
persistent efiforts, the extension of the city limits was effected. As chair- 
man of the committee on militia, he secured satisfactory legislation to sup- 
port the military of the State, and for his work in this service the late 
Governor Jackson conferred on him the rank of colonel on his staff. 

In 1898 Major Denny was first nominated for Congress, without oppo- 
sition, by the Democratic party in the Fourth Congressional District of 
Baltimore ; and, defeating his Republican opponent. Congressman William 
W. Mclntire, was elected to the Fifty-sixth Congress, Governor Jackson 
and Senator Whyte being his strong supporters in the fight. He made an 
unusually strong candidate. In the year 1900, when Bryan was again a 
candidate for the presidency. Major Denny was defeated by the Republican 
candidate, but two years later he was nominated, beating his opponent and 
being elected to the Fifty-eighth Congress, in which he served with dis- 
tinction. 

The people of Baltimore are especially indebted to Major Denny for 
the work which he did wdiile in Congress in the interest of the deeper ship 
channel, which was procured largely through his efforts. He realized the 
commercial importance of Baltimore and the needs of the city, and intro- 
duced the bill deepening the main ship channel to the port of the city, nine- 
teen miles long, to a depth of thirty-five feet throughout the Craighill and 



738 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Brewerton channels. In 1904 he made an effective speech in the House of 
Representatives, earnestly urging this improvement, and the bill appro- 
priating $3,500,000 was passed. Prior to this he brought the entire com- 
mittee on rivers and harbors from Washington and took them down the 
Chesapeake Bay with a party of local transportation and business men, in 
order that they could see for themselves the benefits to be derived. In 
appreciation of his efforts for Baltimore, Robert Ramsay, chairman of the 
joint rivers and harbors committee, representing the Board of Trade, 
Chamber of Commerce, and Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association, 
presented to him a resolution of thanks. Since the expiration of his term 
in Congress, Major Denny has held no public office, although his name 
has often been discussed in various campaigns, and he is always included 
in the general party councils when candidates and measures are to be con- 
sidered, his advice and cooperation being always in demand. 

Major Denny was married, in 1870, two years after he came to Balti- 
more, to Miss Mary E. Wiggins, daughter of a prominent attorney-at-law 
in Boston. She was a woman of much personal charm, whose sad and 
sudden death of heart failure while at Atlantic City, in August, 191 1, left 
a wide circle of mourning friends and a grief-stricken home in Linden 
avenue. 

Plain, strong and outspoken in his views, and having about him no 
small amount of personal magnetism, Major Denny is a man who abhors 
pretension in dress, manner or action of any kind. Sound of judgment, 
upright and kind-hearted, he is regarded as an excellent and public-spirited 
citizen. 



ALFRED ROBERT LOUIS DOHME 

Dr. Alfred Robert Louis Dohme, a well-known resident of Baltimore, 
Maryland, is a man whose manifold activities and enterprises are the 
admiration of all who know him. He is one of those restless, energetic 
business men whose whole life is an incessant battle, whose clear brain 
brings order out of chaos, and whose touch transmutes the baser metals 
into gold. 

(I) Charles Dohme, grandfather of Dr. Dohme, was born in Obern- 
kirchen, Germany, 1807, and died in Baltimore, Maryland, 1880. He came 
to America in 1852, with his wafe and seven children, and settled in Balti- 
more. He was largely interested in a brownstone quarry in Germany, and 
had immense dealings with Baltimore, and other places in this country, 
for his product, his idea in coming to this country being to enlarge his 
operations, and in this undertaking he was very successful. He furnished 
brownstone for the buildings of the National Bank of Baltimore, the 
Savings Bank of Baltimore and many other structures. He retired from 
business operations before the outbreak of the Civil War, but remained a 
resident of Baltimore until his death. He was a deep thinker, entertain- 
ing liberal views on every subject of public interest, 'and endeavored earn- 
estly to improve the business conditions of the city of his adoption, in 
every possible direction. His public spirit, broad-mindedness and enter- 
prise enabled him to benefit the community greatly, and he never spared 
personal exertion for the welfare of his fellow-citizens. 

Mr. Dohme married, in Germany, Sophie Graebe, a native of Ger- 
many, who died in Baltimore in 1855, at the age of forty-eight years. 
Children: i. Louis, born in Germany, July 6, 1837. He became an 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 739 

apprentice in the drug business of Alpheus P. Sharp, which was located 
at Howard and Pratt streets, Baltimore, and which had been established 
by Mr. Sharp in 1845. Mr. Dohme later became the head clerk in this 
business, and from 1858 was the head of his family, taking charge of the 
support of the others. In 1856 he became associated in partnership with 
Mr. Sharp, but the firm name was not changed until considerably later. 
In i860 Charles Emil Dohme, his brother, was taken into the business as 
a clerk, and in this year the firm first operated under the firm name of 
Sharp & Dohme. Prior to this time they had been simply engaged in 
the drug business, in the small store above mentioned, but in this year 
they commenced the manufacture of various preparations, utilizing for 
this purpose a small addition at the rear of the store. Charles Emil Dohme 
was sent to Washington, D. C, to gather various ideas and knowledge of 
a number of manufacturing operations, and from that time the firm has 
steadily and constantly increased its manufacturing operations. 2. Cor- 
nelius P., died in Baltimore. 3. Gustavus Christian, died in 1884, w^s a 
practising physician at the time of his death. 4. Charles Emil, see for- 
ward. 5. Robert, died in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1905. 6. William F. 7. 
Emma, married Adolph Frisius, died in 1909. 

(II) Charles Emil, son of Charles and Sophie (Graebe) Dohme, was 
born in Germany, March 12, 1843. ^^r two years he was in the employ 
of Andrews & Thompson, at that time the leading druggists of Baltimore, 
located on East Baltimore street, and then entered the employ of Sharp & 
Dohme. While in Washington, D. C, in the interests of this firm, he 
served as clerk for N. F. Kidwell, at that time one of the foremost drug- 
gists of the city of Washington. They supplied the United States gov- 
ernment with a large amount of their products for the medical staff of the 
army. He returned to Sharp & Dohme in 1865, and became a member of 
the firm. The firm rapidly developed from a small store to a large manu- 
facturing plant, being one of the pioneers in this field of industry. As 
manufacturing chemists, they employ much skilled labor, and to-day they 
stand at the head of this particular line of business. In 1886 Mr. Sharp 
retired from the business, and Louis and Charles Emil Dohme purchased 
his interest, and have continued to conduct the business very successfully 
since that time. In 1893 the concern was incorporated as Sharp & Dohme, 
with Louis Dohme, president ; Charles Emil Dohme, vice-president ; Alfred 
Robert Louis Dohme, second vice-president; Ernest Staufifen, secretary 
and treasurer. Mr. Staufifen became associated with the firm in 1880 as 
bookkeeper, and is now located in the New York headquarters, the firm 
having their branches all over the country. 

Charles Emil Dohme married in 1866, Ida, daughter of Theodore 
Schulz, of Baltimore, who had fought under Napoleon Bonaparte. Chil- 
dren : Alfred Robert Louis, see forward ; Adele, unmarried ; Alma S., 
married Hans Von Marees ; Ida Louise, married Charles Holzhauer, of 
Newark, New Jersey. 

(III) Dr. Alfred Robert Louis Dohme, eldest child and only son of 
Charles Emil and Ida (Schulz) Dohme, was born in Baltimore, February 
15, 1867. His preparatory education was received in the Friends' School 
in Baltimore, and he then became a student at Johns Hopkins University, 
from which he was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 
1886, and Doctor of Philosophy in 1889. He took post-graduate courses 
in chemistry, geology and mineralogy; studied chemistry, pharmacy, bot- 
any and pharmacognosy abroad for two years, 1889-91, at the University 
of Berlin, laboratory of Fresenius at Wiesbaden, and the University of 



740 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Strassburg. He was elected lecturer in the medical department of Johns 
Hopkins University in 1901 ; he was chairman of the scientific section of 
the American Pharmaceutical Association in 1898; was president of the 
Maryland Pharmaceutical Association, 1899-1900; secretary of the national 
committee for the revision of the pharmacopoeia of the United States, for 
1900-1910, at the decennial convention at Washington in 1900, and was re- 
elected for ten years in 1910. His business interests are many and varied. 
In addition to being second vice-president of the Sharp & Dohme corpora- 
tion, he is a member of the xA.merican Chemical Society, the German Chem- 
ical Society at Berlin, the Society of Chemical Industry at London, the 
American Pharmaceutical xA.ssociation, and of the German Pharmaceutical 
Association. He belongs to the University, Johns Hopkins, Germania, and 
Baltimore Country clubs. He has been a contributor to a number of jour- 
nals on pharmaceutical and chemical subjects, and these papers are con- 
sidered authoritative. Dr. Dohme is a man of great versatility and has 
done much to develop the fine arts and music in the city of Baltimore, and 
more especially in the latter field have his sympathies been engaged. He 
has always been an ardent supporter of grand opera, and has been urgent 
in his appeal to the citizens of Baltimore, as voiced in a letter to The Sun, 
in April, 1910, to aid in making it possible to give these magnificent pro- 
ductions at a price which will put it in the power of a greater number of 
people to enjoy their benefit. He has recently purchased the old Charles 
J. Bonaparte house at Roland Park, consisting of more than twenty acres, 
and considered one of the show places of that district. He is very much 
interested in the welfare and development of Roland Park, which is the 
fashionable suburb of Baltimore, and takes an active part in the manage- 
ment of its afifairs. He is also a member of the executive committee of 
the Baltimore Reform League, and is independent in his political views. 
Dr. Dohme married (first), in Baltimore, February 15, 1893, Emma 
D. Blumner. She died in Baltimore, January 25, 1908, leaving six daugh- 
ters : Dorothy, Adelyn, Frances Elizabeth, Ida Louise, Emily and Beatrice 
Eleanor. Dr. Dohme married (second), November 22, 1909, Paula Carl, 
of Boston, Massachusetts. He is sociable and genial in his manner, and 
his house is known as the home of hospitality. His friends are many and 
are to be found in all classes of society. In all the enterprises he has 
advocated for the improvement of the city in which he lives, he has always 
had the welfare of his fellow-citizens in his mind, as selfishness is an 
attribute foreign to his nature. 



AMZI B. CRANE 

The man of genuine business ability, the man whose judgment is never 
warped, whose foresight is never clouded, and whose integrity is incor- 
ruptible, the man whose discretion is unfailing and whose honor is un- 
questioned, is the man who, whatever may be his place in life, is indi- 
spensable. Such a man was the late Amzi B. Crane, chief secretary to 
Robert Garrett, president of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad. 

Amzi B. Crane was born in 1850, in Newark, New Jersey, and was 
in the fullest sense of the word a self-made man. At the age of two 
years, death deprived him of his father, and in consequence his educational 
advantages were limited, and at the age of fourteen he was obliged to 
become self-supporting. While at school he was editor of his school paper. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 741 

Having mastered telegraphy and acquired the art of shorthand, he entered 
the service of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, at Jersey City, and, 
after serving ten years came to Baltimore. His talent for affairs was even 
then apparent, and, soon after entering the service of the late John W. 
Garrett, president of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, he was promoted to 
the position of confidential secretary. He retained this position until the 
early eighties, when he was transferred to the office of Robert Garrett, 
first vice-president of the road, where he discharged the duties of confi- 
dential secretary with the exceptional ability for which he had hitherto 
been distinguished. When Robert Garrett succeeded to the presidency of 
the road, Mr. Crane became his chief secretary, retaining this position until 
the death of Mr. Garrett. By the two great leaders of the railroad world 
with whom he was for many years so closely associated, he was highly 
valued for his unusual ability, discretion, astuteness and absolute trust- 
worthiness. After the death of Mr. Garrett, Mr. Crane was retained by 
Mrs. Henry Barton Jacobs as her confidential agent, and until the close 
of his life discharged the duties of this responsible position with the con- 
summate ability for which he had become noted. 

A man of mature judgment and ripe experience, Mr. Crane was much 
sought as an astute and capable adviser, being generally recognized as one 
dependable in any relation and in any emergency. He had exalted ideas 
of good government and civic virtue, and was ever ready to lend his aid 
to any project tending to further the prosperity and welfare of Baltimore. 
No good work done in the name of charity or religion sought his coopera- 
tion in vain, but the full extent of his benefactions was known only to him- 
self and the recipients. He was an enthusiastic member of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, that of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, chiefly 
in the Riverside branch of which he was actively interested, having been 
one of its founders and at one time its secretary. He was a zealous mem- 
ber of the Northminster Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Crane married, January 7, 1874, Charlotte, daughter of Alexander 
Turner, a representative of an old Scotch family, and they were the parents 
of the following children : Mary McKay, William H., Alice Gertrude, 
Amzi B., John Garrett, Charlotte Elizabeth. Mr. Crane was a man of 
strong family affections, and was most happy in his domestic relations. 
Mrs. Crane, who survives him, is a woman whose many attractive qualities 
and genuine personal worth have drawn around her a large circle of 
friends. 

The death of Mr. Crane, which occurred January 6. 1898, removed 
from the city of Baltimore a man of fine natural endowments, spotless 
probity of character, and useful influence. A man of action rather than 
words, he demonstrated his public spirit by actual achievements which 
advanced the prosperity and wealth of the community, and to his deeply 
imbedded convictions of right and duty he was as true as is the magnetic 
needle to the star of the North. The salient features of Mr. Crane's char- 
acter were exemplified in his career, which was one of usefulness and 
honor. No better description of him could be given than that contained 
in the words, "He was a manly man." 



PHILIP DANDRIDGE LAIRD 

The ancestry of Philip Dandridge Laird, a member of the Public 
Service Commission, of Baltimore, is traced to James Laird, of York 



742 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

county, Pennsylvania, who immigrated from county Down, Ireland, about 
1760. He married Martha Black, of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, and 
they had a son James, see forward. 

(II) James (2), son of James (i) and Martha (Black) Laird, was 
born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, December 5, 1771, and died in 
Cambridge. Maryland, March 26, 1816. He was first a Presbyterian min- 
ister, later an Episcopal minister, and at the time of his death was rector 
of Great Choptank parish, in Dorchester county. For a number of years 
he served as principal of Washington Academy, at Princess Anne, Somer- 
set county, Maryland. He married, November 25, 1802, Dorothy Arietta 
Winder, born August 15, 1782, at Rewastico, Somerset county, Maryland, 
died in Cambridge, Maryland, January 2, 181 5. She was a daughter o£- 
William Winder, sister of General William Henry Winder, the celebrated 
lawyer of Baltimore, and a descendant of John Winder, who settled in 
Somerset county in 1666, and Charlotte (Henry) Winder, a sister of Gov- 
ernor John Henry. Children of James (2) Laird: i. William Winder, 
born February 2, 1804. at Rewastico, Maryland, died November 2, 1805. 
2. Charlotte Augusta Henry, born November 11, 1805, at Rewastico, died 
in Baltimore, November, 1856; married, 1827, Henry Page, of Kent 
county, an eminent lawyer, who settled in Cambridge, Maryland, and died 
there; no issue. 3. Martha Jane, born April 13, 1807, at Washington 
Academy, while her father was serving as principal, died March, 1845, ^^ 
Chestertown, Maryland ; married James Alfred Pearce, of Kent county, 
Maryland, born in 1805, died in 1862; he was a lawyer, member of the 
General Assembly of Maryland, member of the United States House of 
Representatives, and four times elected to the United States Senate. Chil- 
dren : i. Catharine Julia, married, in 1853, Dr. John L. Burrows, of Louisa 
county, Virginia ; children : Henry Page, Elsie and Lewis Burrows, ii. 
Charlotte Augusta Lemmon, married, 1863, Arthur Crisfield; children: 
James Alfred Pearce and Julia Ethlinda Crisfield. iii. James Alfred, born 
1841, lawyer, state's attorney of Kent county, judge of the Court of Ap- 
peals of Maryland; married, 1866, Eunice Rasin, of St. Louis, Missouri, 
4. William Winder, see forward. 5. Maria Lammon, born November 12, 
1810, died October 15, 181 1. 6. James, born April 7, 1813, died Novem- 
ber 22, 1813. 7. Arietta Maria, born August 4, 1814, died August 9, 
1814. 

(III) William Winder, son of James (2) and Dorothy Arietta (Win- 
der) Laird, was born at Woodville Farm, Somerset county, Maryland, 
December i, 1808, died in Cambridge, Maryland, April 14, 1848. He was 
a lawyer by profession. He married, June 6, 1837, Williamina E. C. Golds- 
borough, born March 31, 1813, died February 14, 1865, daughter of Gov- 
ernor Charles Goldsborough. Children: i. James Winder, born October 

20, 1838, in Cambridge, Maryland, killed in battle of the Weldon Rail- 
road, August 18, 1864; adjutant of the Second Maryland Regiment in 
the army of the Confederate States. 2. Charles Goldsborough, born Sep- 
tember 29, 1840, died October 14, 1840. 3. William Henry, born Janu- 
ary 14, 1842, died December 10, 1896; served in the Confederate Army, 
1861-65 ; a minister in the Protestant Episcopal church ; married, August 
31, 1869, Rosina Jones Packard, daughter of Rev. Joseph Packard, D. D., 
dean of the Theological Seminary of Virginia, and granddaughter of Wal- 
ter Jones, of Virginia, an eminent lawyer. Children : i. Rosina Catharine, 
born July 2, 1870, died June 20, 1871. ii. William Henry, born December 

21, 1871 ; minister of the Protestant Episcopal church; married, April 5, 
1899, Marion Murdock, daughter of Edmund G. and M. M. Lind, of Balti- 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 743 

more ; children : Margaret Murdock, William Henry and Edmund George 
Laird, iii. Wilhelmina Goldsborough, born November 10, 1873, at Boyd- 
ton, Virginia; married, July 2^, 1898, Caleb Stabler, of IVIontgomery 
county, Maryland ; children : Winder Laird and Walter Brooke Stabler, 
iv. Ann Lee, born August 28, 1875, at Leeds Rectory, Fauquier county, 
Virginia ; married, 1905, Rev. Wilbur Cosey Bill. v. Joseph Packard, born 
November 2"], 1876, at Leeds Rectory, vi. William Winder, born January 
4, 1878, in Brookville, Maryland; married, October 14, 1904, Mary A. B. 
du Pont, of Wilmington, Delaware, vii. Martha Pearce, born May 23, 
1879, in Brookville, Maryland, viii. Cornelia, born July 11, 1881, in 
Brookville, Maryland; married, January 3, 1907, Rev. George Peyton 
Craighill, of Virginia, ix. Walter Jones, born October 26, 1883, in Brook- 
ville, Maryland, x. Charlotte Goldsborough, born April 15, 1886, in 
Brookville, Maryland, xi. Philip Dandridge, born June 29, 1888, in Brook- 
ville, Maryland, xii. Mary Goldsborough, born October 18, 1890, in 
Brookville, Maryland. 4. Martha Pearce, born May 28, 1845, ^^ Cam- 
bridge, Maryland ; married, January, 1869, Washington Elwell Goldsbor- 
ough ; children: i. Washington Laird, born October 30, 1869; served in 
the Spanish-American War; in the Department of Justice in the Philip- 
pine Islands ; married Catherine Egbert, daughter of General Egbert, 
United States Army. ii. Winder Elwell, born October 10, 1871 ; married 
Charlotte, daughter of Judge Wallace, of Lafayette, Indiana ; child, Laird 
Goldsborough. iii. William Winder, M. D., state senator from Caroline 
county, iv. Thomas Alan, state's attorney for Caroline county. 5. Philip 
Dandridge, see forward. 

(IV) Philip Dandridge Laird, son of WilHam Winder and WlUiamina 
E. C. (Goldsborough) Laird, was born in Cambridge, Dorchester county, 
Maryland, November 15, 1846. He attended the Dorchester County 
Academy, completing his education at Rugby Academy in Baltimore 
county. Deciding to adopt the law as his profession during his business 
career, he entered the office of Judge Charles F. Goldsboro, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of Dorchester county in 1867. He began the practice of his 
profession in Cambridge, Maryland, remaining until 1874, when he re- 
moved to Virginia, returning to his native State in 1877, settling in Mont- 
gomery county, where he practised his profession until 1900, when he 
became manager of a trust company, in which capacity he served until 
May, 1910, then w'as appointed on the Board of Public Service Commis- 
sioners of Baltimore. Mr. Laird has been connected with politics since 
his youth. At the age of twenty-six he was a Democratic presidential 
elector from his State; was elected a member of the Maryland house of 
delegates from Alontgomery county in 1886-88-90-92; was auditor of the 
court, and Governor Brown appointed him commissioner of the Land 
Office of Maryland in 1892 and he served until 1896. Mr. Laird is a fine 
speaker and was a legislator of decided ability, his great personal mag- 
netism attracting toward him many staunch friends. Although a Demo- 
crat, Mr. Laird is not a partisan, and when a member of the General 
Assembly, did not hesitate to criticise his party when he believed it was 
not pursuing the proper course. With Reuben Johnson, of Howard 
county, he led the reformers in the house, and upon one occasion bitterly 
attacked the financial system of the administration. He retired from the 
political field in 1895. 

Mr. Laird married, December 2, 1880, Ella Gaither Magruder, daugh- 
ter of Dr. William B. and Elizabeth (Gaither) Magruder. Child, Ella 
Goldsborough, born December 3, 1886, died December 18, i< 



744 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 



SEYMOUR MANDELBAUM 

In seeking to account for the almost unprecedented progress made by- 
Baltimore during the last few decades, we are met on the very threshold of 
inquiry by the conclusive answer, *Tt is the work of her business men." 
Among the foremost of these business men stands Seymour Mandelbaum, 
for more than twenty years connected with the firm of Henry Sonneborn 
& Company, and now vice-president of the Fidelity & Deposit Company 
and the Maryland Casualty Company. Mr. Mandelbaum has been for 
forty years closely and prominently identified with the business and finan- 
cial interests of the Monumental City. 

Seymour, son of George W. and Jeannette Mandelbaum, was bom 
July 25, 1847, in Baltimore, and received his early education in the schools 
of his native city, subsequently attending the Virginia High School, Win- 
chester. Virginia. In 1871 he entered upon his active business career with 
the well-known firm of Henry Sonneborn & Company, manufacturers of 
clothing, and among the leaders in this, the most important of Baltimore's 
manufacturing interests. The business was established in 1856 and now 
gives employment to a force ranging from fifteen hundred to two thousand 
hands. Its output finds a market in all parts of the Union, with the single 
exception of the New England States. The firm maintains offices in New 
York and Chicago, and holds membership in the Merchants' and Manu- 
facturers' Association, the Board of Trade, and the Wholesale Clothiers' 
Association. Mr. Mandelbaum early proved himself to be possessed of 
business talents which were of the greatest value to the firm, and during 
the long period of his connection with it much of its prosperity was due 
to his progressive ideas, his unabating energy and his unfaltering industry. 

In 1894 Mr. Mandelbaum withdrew from the firm, and has not since 
been actively engaged in mercantile life, but has given his attention ex- 
clusively to the numerous financial institutions with which he has been 
long and prominently connected. April 23, 1890, he was elected a director 
of the Fidelity & Deposit Company of Maryland, and for a number of 
years has filled the office of vice-president, holding the same position in 
the Maryland Casualty Company, and also serving as chairman of the 
executive committee. With both these companies he has been connected 
since their organization, and has taken an active and influential part in 
the management of their affairs. He is also a director of the National 
Mechanics' Bank, the Fidelity Trust Company and the United Railways & 
Electric Company. One of his strongest points is the power to see to the 
bottom of intricate affairs, combined with fertility and practicability of 
resource, and his facility in the management of a number of important 
matters has often been a source of wonder to his friends. 

As a citizen, Mr. Mandelbaum displays the same qualities of energy 
and enterprise which have been so strikingly manifested throughout his 
business career. Possessing all the impetus of the progressive man and 
alive with the spirit of the times, he is ever ready to lend practical aid to 
any movement which he believes will advance the public welfare. A vigi- 
lant and attentive observer of men and measures, his opinions are recog- 
nized as sound and his views are broad, and his ideas therefore carry 
weight with those with whom he discusses public problems. In charitable 
and benevolent work he is earnestly but unostentatiously interested. A 
man of most courteous manners, yet firm and unyielding in all that he 
believes to be right, he is of fine appearance, with the direct, searching 





^^*^. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 745 

gaze and alert air characteristic of the typical business man. He is a 
Mason of more than forty years" standing, affiliating with Staunton Lodge, 
Virginia, and also belongs to the Suburban Club, the Phoenix Club, and the 
Maryland Historical Society. When Lloyd Lowndes was elected governor 
of Maryland, Mr. Mandelbaum was appointed one of his aides, with the 
title of colonel. 

Mr. Mandelbaum married, in May, 1882, Sarah, daughter of Henry 
Sonneborn, and they now reside at the Hotel Belvedere. Mr. and Mrs. 
Mandelbaum are well known and extremely popular in Baltimore society,, 
being the center of a large circle of true and warm friends. 

Throughout his business career, Mr. Mandelbaum has had one motto, 
has adhered to one principle — honesty. From it he has never swerved, 
and to it all other considerations have been subordinated. When a man of 
Mr. Mandelbaum's ability and knowledge of the world makes this his 
rule of life, success is "a foregone conclusion". Were any disposed to 
question this, Mr. Mandelbaum's record would furnish a convincing- 
answer in the affirmative. 



HENRY ALBERT ORRICK 

The Orrick family in this country are descendants of the good old 
Scotch family of the county of Fife, Scotland. The name is said to have 
had its origin in the rock upon that part of the Fife coast upon which the 
estate lay. The family was an especially ancient and honorable one, and 
Sir Simon de Orrick's name is inscribed upon the "Ragman's Roll", which 
for antiquity is the Scotch rival of the British Domesday Book. The "Rag- 
man's Roll" originally meant the Roll of Ragimund, a legate of Scotland, 
who compelled all the clergy to give a true account of their benefices, that 
they might be taxed at Rome accordingly. Subsequently it was applied 
to the four great rolls of parchment recording the acts of fealty and 
homage of the Scotch nobility to King Edward I. of England, in the year 
1296. The original Orrick estate in Fife, which was erected into a barony 
in the seventeenth century, was eventually sold, and lands in Aberdeen- 
shire acquired to which the name Orrick was given. These lands are still 
in the possession of the family. The Orricks who came to this country 
brought with them their Scottish traits of thrift and energy, became pos- 
sessed of large estates in their new home and large numbers of slaves, and 
were counted among the wealthiest planters of the country. They inter- 
married with the Cromwells, Washingtons, Hammonds, and other families 
of settlers, who were also large planters. 

(I) James Ourrouch (Orrick) was the first of the family to settle in 
Maryland. In 1665 a patent was issued to him on November 30th, for 
one hundred and ninety acres on the bay side called Orwick. Again, May 
I, 1683, ^ patent was issued to him for one hundred and fifty acres of land 
called Orwick's Fanry (Ferry or Fancy), located on the north side of the 
Severn river. His will was probated November 11, 1690, leaving widow 
Mary and three children: i. William, born in 1680; married (first), 1700, 

Catherine Durall ; (second) 1704, Hannah . 2. John, see forward. 

3. James, born in 1687. 

(II) John Orrick, son of James and Mary Ourrouch (Orrick), was 
born in 1685, a"<3 died in 1749. He married, December 15, 1719, Susannah 
Hammond. She was the granddaughter of Major-General John and Mary 
(Dorsey) Hammond, the first of the name to immigrate to America, and 



746 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

the daughter of Colonel Thomas and Rebecca (Larkin) Lightfoot Ham- 
mond. Lady Lightfoot being the widow of Thomas Lightfoot, and the 
daughter of John Larkin, of Anne Arundel county, Maryland. Children: 
I. Rachel, born in November, 1720: married William Hopkins. 2. John, 
bom February 20, 1722; married Caroline Hammond. 3. Nicholas, see 
forward. 4. Nathan, born September 4, 1727, died in 1733. 5. Thomas, 
born June 8. 1732, died in 1733. 6. Rebekah, born September 14, 1733; 

married Murry. 7. Catherine, born August 19, 1736; married 

Hall. 8. Charles, born February 28, 1738; was an ensign in the 

Revolutionary War; married Rebecca Stewart. 9. Sarah, born April 3, 
1741 : married (first) Chilton, (second) Dougladd. 10. Su- 
sannah, born January 9, 1743; married Sullivan. 

(III) Captain Nicholas Orrick, son of John and Susannah (Ham- 
mond) Orrick, was born May i, 1725, and died February i, 1781. He 
was a man of prominence, and highly esteemed in Baltimore county, where 
he resided. He was three times vestryman of Old St. Thomas' Church, 
Garrison Forest, and in 1756 commanded the troops of Baltimore county 
with the rank of captain. He married (first). May i, 1749, Hannah, born 
April I, 1729, daughter of Captain John Cromwell, of Anne Arundel 
county, Maryland. Children: i. Ann, born December 16, 1750; married 
(first) Joseph Cromwell, (second) December 23, 1783, Rev. Slater Steven- 
son. 2. John, born July 12, 1752, died January 15, 1753. 3. John, bom 
October 30, 1753, died November 4, 1810; married Sarah Merryman, and 
had thirteen children. 4. Margaret, born November 23, 1755 ; married Job 
Smith. 5. Susan, born August 24, 1757; married, January 7, 1784, Abra- 
ham Butler. 6. Nicholas, see forward. 7. Sarah, born April 16, 1761 ; 
married Jackson. 8. Charles, born November 21, 1762, died Janu- 
ary 18, 1833; married (first) Catherine Davenport, (second) Ann Camp- 
bell. Captain Nicholas Orrick married (second), March 16, 1769, Mary 
Bell. Children: 9. William, born February 25, 1770, died 1804. 10. 
Sydney, born July 13, 1771, died 1825. The two latter were unmarried. 

Hannah (Cromwell) Orrick, who died December 2, 1762, was de- 
scended from Richard Cromwell, of Baltimore county, Maryland, who 
was appointed one of the justices of Baltimore county, July 10, 1696. He 
was appointed one of the commissioners for the better division of Baltimore 
and Anne Arundel counties. He settled in Maryland, on the south side 
of the Patapsco river, and on October 10, 1670, he and his brother, Wil- 
liam Cromwell, received a patent for three hundred acres of land, called 
"Cromwell's Adventure". Prior to 1700 he and his brother had patented 
between five thousand and six thousand acres of land. 

(IV) Nicholas (2), son of Captain Nicholas (i) and Hannah (Crom- 
well) Orrick, was bom April 5, 1759, and died July 9, 1822. In 1792 he 
was elected justice of the peace for Berkeley county. West Virginia, and 
in 1807 ^'^s appointed sheriff and served one term. He sold a part of his 
estate in Berkeley county. West Virginia, and moved to what is now Mor- 
gan county. West Virginia, where he was associated in business with 
James Rumsey. It is claimed that Rumsey was the real inventor of the 
steamboat, and Orrick was on Rumsey's boat when it made its trial trip. 
He died at Berkeley Springs, and was buried in what is known as the 
Old English Burying Ground, in Berkeley Springs, Morgan county. West 
Virginia. He married, February 3, 1783, Mary Pendleton. Children: i. 
William Pendleton, born April 24, 1789, died i860. 2. James, born Octo- 
ber 4, 1791, died 1804. 3. Cromwell, see forward. 4. Elizabeth, born 
October 20, 1795, died 1847; married Gibbs. 5. Mary Ann, born 




\ 





HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 747 

October 4, 1797, died 1851 ; married Clough. 6. Benjamin, born 

March 25, 1800. 7. Susan Pendleton, born November 23, 1802, died 1869; 
married John Taylor. 8. John, born January 12, 1805. 9. Charles, born 
February 15, 1807, died 1845. lO- Lucy A., born June 19, 1809, died 1849; 

married Grimes. 11. Frances Virginia, born September 28, 181 1. 

12. Philip Pendleton, born October 20, 1813. 

(V) Cromwell, son of Nicholas (2) and Mary (Pendleton) Orrick, 
was born August 25, 1793, and died in 1856. He married, January 25, 
1816, Mary, daughter of Peter Johnson. Children: i. Rosannah, born 
November 12, 181 7, died 1841 ; married Joseph Tidball. 2. Louise, born 
December 18, 1819, died 1895; married, October 29, 1839, Charles A, 
Swann. 3. Edward, born January 18, 1822, died 1847. 4- John J., born 
January 15, 1824, died in infancy. 5. Mary, born December 15, 1825; 
married, July 2, 1845, Charles H. Locher. 6. Henry Clay, born January 
22, 1828, died 1847. 7. Mary Elizabeth, born April 21, 1830. 8. Captain 
Johnson, see forward. 9. Lucy Augusta, born July 29, 1833, died 1858; 
married, in 1856, Henry S. Locher. 10. Nicholas Cromwell, born Octo- 
ber 27, 1836, died 1897; married, January, 1863, Mary Semmes. 

(VI) Captain Johnson Orrick, son of Cromwell and Mary (Johnson) 
Orrick, was born November 19, 1832. He was an officer of the Thirty- 
third Regiment, Virginia Infantry, Confederate States Army, and was 
killed in battle at Morgantown, West Virginia, June 21, 1863. He mar- 
ried, November 5, 1856, Margaret A., born May 26, 1834, daughter of 
John Thomas and Sophia Washington (Abert) Cookes, of Jefferson county, 
Virginia. Children: Henry Abert, see forward; Mary Johnson, and 
Sophia Abert. 

(VII) Henry Abert Orrick, only son of Captain Johnson and Mar- 
garet A. (Cookes) Orrick, was born in Morgan county. West Virginia, 
September 21, 1857. He is one of the most prominent bankers in Balti- 
more, and since 1903 has been president of the Baltimore Stock Exchange. 
He is a member of the Society of Colonial Wars of Maryland, and the 
Maryland, Merchants', Country, Elkridge Fox and Green Spring Valley 
Hunt clubs. He is also a director in the Merchants' Trust and Deposit 
Company and the United Railway and Electric Company. He is public 
spirited, and an important factor in the progression and upbuilding of 
Baltimore. He married Martha Burroughs Levering. Children : Louisa 
Wright, Johnson, Henry Abert Jr., and William Henry De Courcy Wright. 



HENRY J. BERKLEY, M. D. 

The family of Berkeley, Berkley or Barkley, was largely interested 
in the original and succeeding Virginia Companies, there being no less 
than six of the name in the association. It is therefore not surprising that 
some of the family should find their way into the new colony, and become 
members of the community. 

The first of these was John Berkleley, of Beverstone, county of 
Gloucester, England, who came to Virginia, A. D. 1618, to be shortly fol- 
lowed by his eldest son, Maurice, later by other sons, as well as his grand- 
son, wife and daughter, in the "Unitie" and "Seaflower". None of this 
family appear to have left descendants in the colony. 

In the year 165 1, Captain Henry Berkeley, Esq., received a grant of 
:2,400 acres of land in James City county. Again, in 1655, we find the 
name of Captain William Berkeley as a member of the House of Burgesses 



748 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

during the Long Parliament under Sir William Berkley, and also in the 
same county of Aliddlesex, where he resided, lived Thomas Berkley from 
1673 to 1678. Joseph Berkley resided in Rappahannock county in 1684, 
while in Richmond county (1690), dwelt John Berkley, who, from the 
record of the English Visitation Lists, was a nephew of Sir William 
Berkley, and youngest son of Charles, Lord Fitz Harding. The records 
of these times are very much broken, but from family tradition this John 
is held to be the common ancestor of all the Westmoreland-Stafiford-Prince 
William (later) Fairfax and Loudoun county families of the name of 
Berkley. Who he married is not known, as there is no record extant 
either in England or Virginia. He died in 1692, leaving a son John, who 
in later life resided in Hanover Parish, King George county, and died 
subsequent to 1746. He married Susanna, daughter of Thomas Harrison, 
of Dumfries, Prince William county, and widow of Moses Linton, Esq. 

William, son of John and Susanna Harrison Berkley, removed to 
Stafford county, and patented 936 acres in 1727, and an additional 531 
acres in 1728, adjoining the land of his friend. Colonel Mason. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Linton, of Prince William (Loudoun county), who survived 
him for eleven years. His will was probated in Fairfax county in 1761. 

William Jr., son of William and Elizabeth (Linton) Berkley, removed 
to Fairfax county after his marriage with Barbara, widow of Joseph Ried, 
daughter of General George Walker, of Westmoreland county, and grand- 
daughter of Thomas Walker, who came to Virginia from Dumfrieshire, 
Scotland, and founded the town of Dumfries, on the Potomac River. In 
1669 Thomas Walker patented an estate of 3,329 acres in Stafford county, 
besides owning large grants in what later became Fairfax and Loudoun 
counties, that afterwards became the inheritance of his daughter Barbara. 

Benjamin, son of William Jr. and Barbara (Walker) Berkley, was 
born in 1765, on this estate, which now became the home of the family, 
and was located not far from Fairfax Court House, on the borders of 
Loudoun county. He married Lucy Newman, of the same county. John 
Walker, son of Benjamin and Lucy (Newman) Berkley, was born in 1793, 
and died in 1863. He married Elizabeth Brewer, of Fairfax county, and 
followed in the footsteps of his father as a planter upon the estate. 

Edris, son of John Walker and Elizabeth (Brewer) Berkley, was 
born in Fairfax county, in 1816, later removing to Richmond. Virginia, 
and afterwards to Baltimore, where he became first a wholesale merchant, 
and later a banker. He married Virginia Enders, of the city of Richmond, 
daughter of John Enders, Esquire. 

Henry Johns, son of Edris and Virginia Enders Berkley, was born in 
Baltimore, in i860. He received his education in private schools, and at 
the University of Maryland, from which he graduated in 1881 with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine, having later the honorary degree of Doctor 
of Sciences conferred upon him by the same institution. After his gradua- 
tion he entered the University of Vienna, Austria, and continued the study 
of medicine there for two years. In 1888 he returned to Baltimore, and 
began the practice of his profession. In 1890 he became connected with 
the medical department of the Johns Hopkins University, and was ap- 
pointed clinical professor of psychiatry. He is the author of numerous 
treatises on neuropathology and psychiatry, also of a text-book upon the 
last subject. He is a member of the Johns Hopkins Club, the Medical 
Journal Club, and of the American Psychological Association. 

Dr. Berkley married, in 1886, Ella, daughter of Thales A. and Emma 
(Alexander) Linthicum, of Annapolis and Baltimore. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 749 



STUART OLIVIER 

The most modern paper in Baltimore is The Nezifs — a fact which 
is a matter of surprise to no one who is aware that Stuart Olivier is gen- 
eral manager of that journal. Mr. Olivier is a thoroughly modern man 
who combines with the most progressive ideas and methods the wisdom 
and foresight acquired by journalistic work not in Baltimore alone, but 
also in Philadelphia and Washington. 

Stuart Olivier was born July 2, 1879, in Staunton, Virginia, and is a 
son of Warner F. and Martha (Statton) Olivier, the former, who has 
been engaged in several lines of business in the small city, was a repre- 
sentative of one of the numerous French families who were forced to leave 
San Domingo at the time of the rebellion of 1792. Mrs. Olivier was a 
Virginian. The boy Stuart led the usual life of a country lad, attending 
school in Staunton and then studying for two years at the University of 
Virginia. After completing his education he entered upon his newspaper 
career, serving as a reporter and in the various other positions through 
which our distinguished journalists have passed in their upward progress. 
He seems to have had, from the first, an instinct for the work and also 
an ability to direct others. His first field of labor was in Washington, 
D. C, whence he removed after a time to Philadelphia. In that city he 
established the Philadelphia Evening Times, and in 1908 was manager of 
all the Munsey newspapers, proving himself a worthy lieutenant of Mr. 
Munsey, whose name is too well known, in the magazine, and more 
recently in the journalistic world, to need repetition here. The measure 
of Mr. Olivier's ability is sufficiently indicated by the simple statement of 
the magnitude of the work in which he was engaged, but even for ener- 
gies and capabilities such as his the strain at last proved too great, and 
he was forced to relinquish the Herculean task. 

Mr. Olivier's next removal was to Baltimore, and here he entered 
upon the great work with which his name was destined to become so 
closely identified. He is now general manager of The Nezvs and also of 
the Munsey interests in Baltimore. This journal is a regular seven-days- 
a-week newspaper, the Sunday edition being uniform with the other six. 
The first page is devoted to news only, and the whole paper is printed in 
easily read type. It is, without comparison, the paper for the Monday 
advertiser, by reason of the fact that, as an afternoon paper, it is the last 
one in the hands of the men and women of the city, and the impression is 
retained. The Sunday edition was first issued to cover the thirty-hour 
interval between the regular Sunday edition and the Monday edition of 
most newspapers. It is not of the usual bulky Sunday size, there being 
no difference between it and the regular weekly edition, and it is strictly a 
newspaper, not a feature paper. The Sunday edition was first issued in 
Baltimore, December 20, 1908 — the idea having been previously tested on 
Mr. Munsey's Washington and Philadelphia papers — and, barring a few 
difficulties encountered at the beginning, it has been a signal success. 
The News is ever vigilant in behalf of the best interests of Baltimore, 
keeping pace with the most modern ideas of the journalistic world, and 
nothing of a sensational nature is allowed within its columns. 

The former home of The Nezvs, at the southeast corner of Fayette 
and Calvert streets, has been demolished and in its place stands the most 
commanding and tallest office building in the city, erected by the Munsey 
Company for the housing of their publications. The structure is eighteen 



750 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

stories high and of great length, with fixtures and furnishings of the finest. 
This new home of The Nezvs is in all respects worthy to be the head- 
quarters of a fast-growing journal, and in a spacious office facing Balti- 
more street sits the man who has done so much for the development of 
the paper and now exerts so potent an influence in its control and guidance. 
The room is bright and attractive, but thoroughly business-like, the office 
of a man who seems to have the faculty of adding a few hours to the 
usual twenty- four ; a man who, even in the rare moments when he appears 
to be idle, is intensely busy. Mr. Olivier has abundantly proved his ability 
as the manager of an enterprise calling in an unusual degree for the exer- 
cise of tact." intelligence and skill ; fully appreciating the truth that the 
managing editor of one of our great papers has much to do in addition 
to grasping the opinion of the hour and enforcing it daily in the columns 
of the paper, that he has to be largely a business man, an administrator of 
affairs and a manager of men. He possesses in an eminent degree the 
ability to do two or three things at once and to do them all well. A man 
of medium height, with a clean-cut, decided face, he is of singularly strong 
personality and, although of nervous temperament, can be implicitly relied 
upon to be cool and collected in any emergency. 

Mr. Olivier is a man of many interests and has a mind capable of 
turning from one thing to another without loss of time in the readjust- 
ment. Becoming, at an early period in his career, identified with banking, 
he was for some years associated with Middendorf & Williams in that 
business. He is now director in several banking and industrial institu- 
tions, such directorates as prominent men are frequently called to. He is 
a good citizen, ever ready to lend practical aid to any movement which 
he believes w^ould advance the public welfare. In politics he is an Inde- 
pendent, voting for the man whom he deems most deserving and capable. 
A man of social disposition and cultivated tastes, he is a member of the 
Baltimore, University and Green Spring Valley Hunt clubs. 

It is in dairy farming that Mr. Olivier finds his greatest recreation, 
and in all that pertains to rural life his interest is keen and active. He is 
the owner of several farms and has done much to develop real estate in 
the country surrounding Baltimore Mr. Olivier is m.arried and has one 
child. His home is at Ruxton. In his comparatively few years Mr. Oli- 
vier has accomplished more than most successful men of twice his age. 
His success in the important department of journalism is not simply indi- 
vidual in its results, but he is aiding, through The Nezvs, in advancing 
all the interests of Baltimore, advocating its institutions and enterprises, 
and helping to increase its wealth and extend its power and prestige. 

An able financier and a pubhc-spinted citizen Mr. Olivier is, first of 
all, a journalist. His mind is thoroughly imbued with the truth that "the 
pen is mightier than the sword", and that it is mightiest in the hands of 
men of the Fourth Estate. 



ANDREW CROSS TRIPPE 



Andrew Cross Trippe, of Baltimore, Maryland, noted as a lawyer, dis- 
tinguished as a statesman, and deservedly honored as a brave soldier, has 
amply displayed his possession of the traits which have come to him by 
right of direct inheritance, and which rendered many of his ancestors dis- 
tinguished in the various walks of life. The Trippe family is an old one in 
England, dating back to the time of William the Conqueror, and the family 







<^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 751 

seat was in Kent county. The name is to be found on record in the 
Domesday Booke in the title of lands. In 1234 Nicholas Tryppe gave 
Lamplands, county Kent, to Elham Church. The first record we have of 
the family in Maryland is in 1663. Thomas Trippe, brother of the Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Henry Trippe mentioned below, is mentioned by James, 
Duke of York, afterwards James II., in his autobiography (Nairn papers), 
as aiding him to escape from St. James' Palace after the beheading of 
Charles I. Arms : Gules, a chevron between three nags' heads erased 
or, bridled sable. Crest : An eagle's head gules issuing out of rays or. 
Motto: Ready and True. 

(I) Lieutenant Colonel Henry Trippe, the immigrant ancestor, was 
born in Canterbury, England, 1632, and died in Dorchester county, Mary- 
land, March, 1698. He had fought in Flanders under the Prince of 
Orange, afterwards William III. of England, and came to America in 
1663, bringing with him to the Province three of his troopers, and took up 
land in Dorchester county, where he attained a prominent position in the 
management of affairs. He was a representative in the Maryland Assem- 
bly, 1671-75, 1681-82, 1692-93; one of the Committee of Twenty for regu- 
lating affairs in Maryland, 1690; justice and county commissioner, 1669- 
1681, 1685-94; captain of foot of Dorchester county, 1676; major of 
horse, 1689. He married (first), 1665, Frances, widow of Michael Brooke, 
of St. Leonard's Creek, Calvert county, Maryland; married (second) 

Elizabeth , who died in April, 1698, by whom he had five children. 

Among them were : William, see forward ; and Henry, who was one of 
captains of the Dorchester county militia, and died in 1744. He married 
Susannah Heron, and had eight children, one of whom, Henry, was one of 
the justices of the quorum, high sheriff", and deputy commissioner of 
Dorchester county, and married Elizabeth Emerson. 

(II) William, son of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Trippe, was born in 
Dorchester county, Maryland, and died April 24. 1770. He married Jean 
Tate, and had children: i. Henrietta, married Hughes. 2. Eliza- 
beth, married Edward Noel, of Castle Haven, and had : i. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Rev. James Kemp, Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Maryland, ii. 
Sarah, married Captain Cox, U. S. Navy, and had a son, a lieutenant in 
the U. S. Navy, who married a sister of Captain James Lawrence, of the 
U. S. frigate Chesapeake. 3. William, died June i, 1777; married (first) 
Elizabeth, widow of Jacob (?) Gibson, (second) Ehzabeth Skinner, of 
Talbot county, Maryland; children: i. James, married (first) Ann Dawson, 
(second) Elizabeth Skinner, ii. Richard, born June 30, 1763, died Janu- 
ary 16, 1849; married (first) Harriet Edmondson, (second) May 5, 1799, 
Mary, daughter of Colonel Joseph and Sarah Ennalls ; child : Edward 
Thomas, born February 14, 1808, died September 23, 1842 ; married, No- 
vember 30, 1841, Catherine D. Bowie, and had: Richard, married Sophie 
Kerr, daughter of ex-Governor Philip Francis Thomas, iii. John, born 
November, 1771, died September 22, 181 1, became a physician; married 
Susan Heron, and had: WilHam Richard, married (first) Lavinia, sister 
of Governor David Martin, (second) Marion Anna Chamberlaine ; John 
Fletcher, married Eleanor, daughter of Hon. Silas Condict, Member of 
Congress, of Newark, New Jersey ; Mary Ann, married Thomas Oldham 
Martin. 4. Edward (see forward). 5. John, born April 17, 1711; was 
captain of cavalry in the French and Indian wars; married, 1745, Eliza- 
beth Noel, born April 25, 1729, died April 24, 1778; children: i. Amelia, 
married Colonel James Woolford, of Dorchester county, Maryland, ii. 
William, married his cousin, Mary Noel, and had: Margaret, married 



752 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Captain Jesse Hughes, of Somerset county, Maryland; Eliza, married 
James Price, of Talbot county, Maryland; John, lieutenant in U. S. Navy, 
distinguished himself at Tripoli, 1804, had a sword and gold medal voted 
him by Congress, and a sword by the State of Maryland, died July 9, 
1810, in command of U. S. brig Vixen, iii. Edward, born June 29, 1771, 
died February 2, 1846; married (first), February 25, 1794, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Moses and Sarah (Bond) Barney; (second) Anne Tolly, 
daughter of General William Towson, of Baltimore county, Maryland; 
(third) his cousin. Sarah E., daughter of Richard Trippe, and left one 
son: Edward Richard, who became a physician and resided in Easton, 
Maryland, iv. Henrietta, born April 16, 1774; married Colonel William 
Rirc'khead. v. Levin, who was killed at sea while in command of the 
privateer Isabella, vi. Frances, married John Elder Gist, of Baltimore 
county, vii. May, married (first) Jamor Peter Webb, (second) Dr. Sam- 
uel Dickinson, of Talbot county, Maryland. 

(III) Edward, son of Wilham and Jean (Tate) Trippe, was born in 
Dorchester county, Maryland. He married Sarah, daughter of Edward 
Noel, of Castle Haven, Dorchester county, and widow of Joseph Byus. 

(IV) James, son of Edward and Sarah (Noel) (Byus) Trippe, died 
in Cambridge, Maryland, September, 1812. He married (first) EHzabeth 
Pumell, who died without leaving children; married (second) Mary Pur- 
nell, of Worcester county, Maryland, who died in Cambridge, Maryland, 
in September, 1812. Child: Joseph Everitt (see forward). 

(V) Joseph Everitt, son of James and Mary (Purnell) Trippe, was 
born at Cambridge, Maryland, July 18, 1805, and died at Baltimore, De- 
cember 28, 1882. He married. May 30, 1837, Sarah Patterson Cross, born 
November 11, 1813, died October 8, 1853. Children: i. Andrew Cross 
(see forward). 2. Mary Purnell, married WilHam Belt, and died Septem- 
ber II, 1904, without leaving children. 3. Rachel Elizabeth, unmarried. 
4. Joseph Everitt, born May 6, 1845; married Frances, daughter of Daniel 
Holliday. 

John Cross, immigrant ancestor, and grandfather of Mrs. Sarah P. 
Trippe, was born in county Antrim, Ireland, 1730, and died in Baltimore, 
Maryland, September 29, 1807. He settled in Cecil county, Maryland, 
1772. He married Jane Young, also an immigrant, born in county Mona- 
ghan, Ireland, 1743, died in Baltimore, Maryland, March 6, 1826. Andrew, 
son of John and Jane (Young) Cross, and father of Mrs. Trippe, was 
born in Cecil county, Maryland, October 4, 1772, and died in Baltimore, 
September 23, 1815. He married Rachel, born December 15, 1780, died 
March 12, 1843, daughter of Thomas and Esther (Patterson) Wallace. 

(VI) Andrew Cross, son of Joseph Everitt and Sarah Patterson 
(Cross) Trippe, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, November 29, 1839. He 
was educated at private schools, and at Newton University, Baltimore, 
later becoming a student at Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania, from 
which he was graduated in 1857 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and 
the same institution conferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts in 
i860. Having studied law under J. Mason Campbell, of Baltimore, son- 
in-law of Chief Justice Taney, for three years, he was admitted to the 
bar at the age of twenty-one years, in 1861. Very shortly afterward he 
went to Virginia, there joining the famous Maryland company of Captain 
William H. Murray, Confederate States Army. His military record from 
the very outset was an honorable, gallant and distinguished one. He was 
advanced to the rank of lieutenant of artillery ana ordnance officer in May, 
1863, but entered into the battle of Gettysburg with his old company. On 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 753 

the third day of this struggle, at Gulp's Hill, he was severely wounded in 
the right shoulder, and, with Colonel Herbert, Major William W. Golds- 
borough and Lieutenant Barber, carried to a vacant house nearby, where 
they were left for dead. When he returned to Richmond he found that all 
of his clothes and his equipment had been given away, as he was reported 
among the dead. He was also an active participant in the second battle 
of Winchester, and at Fredericksburg, being permanently disabled by the 
severe wound received at Gettysburg, which was caused by a bursting 
shell, which tore away a part of his right shoulder, from which he took 
with his own hands a piece of shell three inches in length. He returned to 
Baltimore, where he resumed the law practice in which he had been en- 
gaged before the commencement of the Civil War, and has continued in it 
up to the present time. He served as colonel and aide-de-camp to Gov- 
ernor Robert M. McLane, of Maryland, 1884; colonel and aide-de-camp 
to Governor Henry Lloyd of Maryland, 1885-88; major-general com- 
manding Maryland Division of United Confederate Veterans, 1898. His 
political affiliations are with the Democratic party, but he entertains inde- 
pendent opinions. He and his family are members of the Franklin Street 
Presbyterian Church. 

In addition to his private legal practice he is counsel for a number of 
organizations, among which may be mentioned the following, in which he 
also holds official position : Director of the Hospital for Consumptives and 
the Lynchburg Orphanage; member of advisory board of the Young 
Women's Christian Association ; and member of the Executive Committee 
of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association and its legal counsel. 
He is a member of the Greek letter fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon ; past 
supreme regent of the Royal Arcanum ; member of University and Balti- 
more Country clubs, Maryland Historical Society, Society of Colonial 
Wars, United Confederate Veterans, Baltimore Bar Association, and Mary- 
land Bar Association. His city home is at Eutaw Place, Baltimore, and 
his country residence, "Canterbury", Worthington Valley, Baltimore 
county, Maryland. 

Mr. Trippe married, at Baltimore, November 7, 1872, Caroline Au- 
gusta, daughter of James and Mary Dawes (Grafton) McConky. Chil- 
dren: I. James McConky, born March 4, 1874; is practising law in the 
office of his father; married, December 4, 1906, Mary Hanson Kirby, and 
has one daughter, Mary Ringgold. 2. Grafton Wallace, born October 13, 
1875, died in infancy. 3. Sarah Patterson, born July 17, 1877, died Sep- 
tember 10, 1898. 4. Andrew Noel, born November 19, 1878; is unmar- 
ried, and engaged in mercantile business. 

Mr. Trippe is thoroughly conversant with every detail of his profes- 
sion, and throws into the conduct of the cases he undertakes the same 
energy and vital force which distinguished him so signally on the field 
of battle, when he and his companions struggled against adverse circum- 
stances and conditions. A high sense of honor and an innate nobility are 
among his most noticeable characteristics. He occupies an enviable posi- 
tion among his fellow-citizens, who willingly accord to him a place in their 
first ranks, not alone for his many professional and business qualities, but 
for evei-y trait that marks the true Christian gentleman and the man of 
honor. His heart is ever in sympathy with the sorrows of the unfortu- 
nate, and his hand ever ready to contribute to the alleviation of distress. 
But, perhaps, the richest traits of his character are his strong domestic 
sentiments and habits, which impel him to seek his highest happiness in 
the family circle. 



754 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 



JOHN ISRAEL YELLOTT 

John Israel Yellott, a well-known lawyer of Towson, Baltimore 
county, Maryland, who has for many years been closely identified with 
the public affairs of his county and State, traces his descent to some of 
the oldest families of the country. 

John Yellott, the immigrant paternal ancestor, was brought to this 
country in 1780, when but a few years of age, and settled in Baltimore 
county. He married Rebecca Ridgely, daughter of Rev. John Coleman, 
and granddaughter of Colonel Charles Ridgely; Rev. John Coleman was 
born in Virginia, and was one of the most noted divines of his time. 
Another ancestor was Captain Jeremiah Yellott, the designer and builder 
in Baltimore of the famous ships known as the clippers, which were con- 
sidered the best sailing vessels that had even been constructed, and before 
the outbreak of the Civil War, they had introduced the American flag into 
every quarter of the globe. 

John Yellott, father of Major John Israel Yellott, was born in Balti- 
more county, Maryland. Throughout the active years of his life he was 
occupied with farming interests which he pursued in a very practical man- 
ner. He was a man of education and refinement. He married Sarah J. 
Maulsby, a woman of more than ordinary intelligence, who wielded a 
strong and beneficial influence in religious circles, and whose admirable 
moral attributes had a most excellent effect in moulding the character 
and trend of thought of her growing son. She was the daughter of Gen- 
eral Israel Davidson Maulsby, of Harford county, and in a direct line of 
descent from John and Mary Maulsby, the immigrant ancestors, who came 
from England in 1699, settled in Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, and 
were members of the Quaker sect. General Israel Davidson Maulsby was 
prominent as a lawyer in his day, was president of the Governor's Council, 
was a member of the State Legislature, for which office he had been a 
candidate twenty-nine times, and defeated but once, a most remarkable 
record. 

Major John Israel Yellott was born in Baltimore county, Maryland, 
May II, 1840. During his earlier years he assisted in the labors of the 
farm, a course the wisdom of which he fully appreciated in his later life 
as having strengthened his body and mind and enabled him to bear the 
strain of the heavy responsibilities which later life imposed upon him. With 
such refined home surroundings, and with a library at his disposal stocked 
with choice and well-selected books, it was but natural that his studious 
instincts should be developed. His elementary training was received in the 
public schools, and his education under the preceptorship of private tutors 
for some years. At the conclusion of an academic course it was his desire 
to enter a college, but as his father would not give his consent to this 
proceeding, young Yellott left his home with the intention of working 
his way through a college, a desire, however, which was never realized. He 
commenced the study of law in the office of his maternal uncle, the late 
William P. Maulsby, of Frederick, Maryland, finished his course under 
the guidance of Hon. John E. Smith, of Westminster, Maryland, and so 
earnest and diligent had been his application that he was admitted to the 
bar before he had attained the age of twenty years. It had been his inten- 
tion to immediately commence the practice of his profession, and he went 
to Baltimore filled with the idea of carrying out this plan, but the out- 
break of the Civil War changed his design. 





ty^^^^^^^ir^z~ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 755 

His entire family, with the sole exception of himself, were in sym- 
pathy with the cause of the Southern States, and as a mark of respect and 
deference to them, he put aside his desire to join the Union army, but 
after the disaster at Bull Run he could no longer content himself with the 
role of an idle looker-on, and enlisted as a private. He was but twenty- 
one years of age at this time, but his bravery and gallant conduct brought 
him early promotion and his career was one of distinction. His rise was 
a rapid one through the grades of lieutenant and captain to that of major, 
and during the decisive engagement at Gettysburg he was so severely 
wounded that he was rendered unfit for active service. He was accord- 
ingly placed in command of the post at Frederick, and was there when 
Early invaded Maryland in 1864, and participated in the battle of Mo- 
nocacy. He was finally retired from the service in October, 1864. While 
in the army the Republican party nominated him for the office of state's 
attorney in Baltimore county, but he declined this honor. 

After his retirement from military service. Major Yellott established 
offices in Frederick and Washington for the practice of his chosen profes- 
sion, and was occupied almost continuously in the military court at Mar- 
tinsburg. West Virginia, until the civil courts were organized in 1865. 
His reputation gained in this capacity became so widespread that he was 
retained in many cases in the civil courts of Berkeley and the adjoining 
counties, and he opened offices in Jefferson and Berkeley counties in asso- 
ciation with Major Andrews. Two years later he was recognized as one 
of the strongest young lawyers of that section of the country, his practice 
was well established and was growing at a rapid rate. The radical Repub- 
licans of that time considered the states that had seceded as conquered 
provinces, but Major Yellott differed from them in this respect so com- 
pletely that he was compelled to ally himself with the Democratic party, 
then known under the name of Conservatives. The reorganization of the 
state government and the reestablishment of civil law were largely due to 
his personal efforts. While residing in West Virginia he represented his 
county in every district, county and state convention held in the State, and 
was one of the six representatives chosen to represent West Virginia in 
the Peace Convention at Philadelphia in 1866. His active work in the 
public interests led him into journalism, and he was the associate editor 
and publisher of the first Democratic newspaper published in the eastern 
section of the State after the close of tne war. It became necessary for 
him to return to Maryland in 1867, where he was one of the leaders in the 
fall campaign of that year and was elected a delegate to the judiciary con- 
vention of the Third District. 

For a number of reasons he finally decided to make his permanent 
home in his native State, and accordingly opened an office at Towson in 
1868. His reputation had preceded him and his practice immediately be- 
came a large one, and many of the most important cases were entrusted to 
his able conduct. As counsel to the county commissioners he served for 
a number of years, and was appointed deputy state's attorney in 1870. In 
1877 Major Yellott was nominated and elected to the legislature, the Demo- 
cratic party having recognized that he was the man who could and would 
strengthen their position, and he was an important factor in the councils 
of that body, which at the time consisted of many of the leading men of 
the State. He was appointed state's attorney to succeed Judge Burke, but 
the duties of a prosecutor did not appeal to him and he resigned this office 
after a few months, having in the meantime successfully prosecuted a 
number of murder cases which were pending when he was appointed. 



756 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

Although his legal practice made inordinate demands upon his time, Major 
Yellott gave considerable attention to other matters of importance, and in 
1870 and 1871 was the editor of The Baltimore County Democrat, and in 
1872 and 1873, in association with William S. Keech, was the editor and 
publisher of The Baltimore County Herald, both papers being of a high 
order of their kind, and vividly impressing the principles of sound Democ- 
racy. As a citizen he is held in high esteem by the other residents and 
sustains the character of a true and honorable man. He has erected a 
number of houses in the town of Towson, and has farming interests in 
various sections of the county. His business transactions are conducted on 
the principles of strict integrity, he fulfills to the letter every trust commit- 
ted to his care, and is generous in his feelings and conduct toward others. 

After taking up his residence in Towson, Major Yellott married, June 
2. 1868, Mary V., daughter of Edward Trail, of Frederick, Maryland, and 
has had seven children, of whom six are living. 

Major Yellott has been gradually withdrawing from his practice dur- 
ing the past few years, devoting his time more to his private interests and 
leaving the active contests of the court room to a younger generation. From 
his earliest youth he was an eager reader and the books which chiefly 
engaged his attention were those relating to biography, history, the stand- 
ard classics, and the books connected with the practice of his profession. 
To this solid course of reading he attributes his successful career, holding 
that the mind should be concentrated on earnest subjects and its powers not 
frittered away in reading light literature and thus acquiring useless ballast. 
In his young manhood political preferment had a certain amount of attrac- 
tion for him, but a practical acquaintance with it changed his ideas some- 
what, and he no longer has any desire for political office. Nevertheless, 
he has been instrumental in preparing and securing the enactment of a 
number of laws for the protection of agricultural interests. At present his 
ideas with regard to the Democratic party have changed to such an extent 
in connection with changed conditions, that he may be considered an Inde- 
pendent, with a preference for Democratic principles as they were at the 
outset. The industry and energy of Major Yellott, his courage and fidelity 
to principle are illustrated in his career ; and brief and imperfect as this 
sketch necessarily is, it falls far short of justice to him, if it fails to excite 
regret that there are not more citizens like him in virtue and ability, and 
gratitude that there are some so worthy of honor and of imitation. 



A. HUNTER BOYD JR. 

A. Hunter Boyd Jr., one of the younger members of the Baltimore 
Bar, was born May 16, 1878, in Cumberland, Maryland, son of Andrew 
Hunter Boyd, chief judge of the court of appeals at Annapolis. His mother 
before her marriage was Bessie Morton Thruston, daughter of George A. 
Thruston. 

His paternal great-grandfather, General Elisha Boyd, was a success- 
ful lawyer of his generation. His maternal great-grandfather was Philip 
Wilhams, who for fifty-six years served as the clerk of the court in Shen- 
andoah county, Virginia. 

Dr. Andrew Hunter Holmes Boyd, grandfather of A. Hunter Boyd 
Jr., was a minister of the Presbyterian church, and one of the most schol- 
arly divines of his day. He graduated at Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 757 

in 1830, and afterward took a special course at Yale. He completed later 
on the regular theological course at Princeton Seminary and then attended 
lectures by Dr. Chalmers and Sir William Hamilton at Edinburgh, Scot- 
land. He was a man of profound learning and scholarly attainments and 
was universally conceded to be one of the leading divines of his denomina- 
tion in this country. During the Civil War he served as chaplain in the 
Confederate Army. He married Eleanor P., daughter of Philip Williams. 

The early academic training of A. Hunter Boyd Jr. was gained at the 
Allegany County Private School, in Cumberland, Maryland. At the age 
of eighteen he entered Princeton University, and secured his degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in 1900. He then entered the Law School of the Uni- 
versity of Maryland and obtained his degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1902, 
and was admitted to the Baltimore Bar in the same year. 

Mr. Boyd is assistant general attorney of the Baltimore & Ohio Rail- 
road Company. He is a Democrat in politics, and a member of the Balti- 
mode, Mt. Washington and Sudbrook Golf clubs. 



JAMES F. CLARK 

James F. Clark, the leading linen merchant of Baltimore, is one of 
those men who excel in whatever they undertake, quite as much from 
sheer force of character and determination to succeed as from innate 
abiHty. That Mr. Clark possesses all these qualifications in an exceptional 
degree is proved by his large measure of accomplishment. 

The family of which he is a representative was originally of Delaware, 
his grandfather, John Clark, a merchant, having removed in 181 3 from 
Kent county, in that state, to Talbot county, Maryland. His wife was 
Sarah S., daughter of John Stevens, a farmer of Talbot county, and it 
was there that Mr. Clark died in 1873. 

Isaac Davis Clark, son of John and Sarah S. (Stevens) Clark, and 
father of James F. Clark, was born in 1835, in Trappe District, Talbot 
county, Maryland. He attended the common schools of his neighborhood 
from his seventh year until 1852, when he entered Dickinson College, Car- 
lisle, Pennsylvania, graduating in 1856 with the third honor in a class of 
sixteen. He delivered the anniversary addresses before the literary soci- 
eties of the college, the Epsilon Chapter of the Phi Kappa Sigma fraternity 
and the Belles-Lettres. In 1859 he received from his alma mater the de- 
gree of Master of Arts, and the year following his graduation he was 
elected to address in Philadelphia the general fraternity of the above-men- 
tioned societies. On his return from college to his native place he engaged 
in a general mercantile business, which he conducted for many years, meet- 
ing with financial success and building up an enviable reputation for fair 
dealing. In 1866 he was elected a director in the Eastern National Bank 
of Maryland and year after year received the tribute of a reelection. In 
1875 he was elected on the Republican ticket one of the judges of the 
orphans' court, and was appointed by Governor Groome to the office of 
president of the court. When Judge Clark and his associates entered upon 
the duties of this office the records were found in a sad condition, many of 
them having lain eight or nine years without proper entry. The energetic 
president of the court, however, immediately set himself to the well-nigh 
herculean task of retrieving the negligence of his predecessors, and aided 
as he was by his able associates succeeded in three years in accomplishing 



758 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

work that had been accumulating- for more than twice that length of time, 
everything, thenceforth, being promptly and satisfactorily recorded. Judge 
Clark was always a thorough R,'epublican, and while not a politician, is 
deeply interested in the success of his party, believing that it would further 
the highest and best welfare of the Nation. His parents were members 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, and he himself maintained a connec- 
tion with that denomination. 

Judge Clark married, in 1857. Jane P., daughter of Edward and Mary 
Ann Armstrong, of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and four children were born 
to them, three daughters and one son, James P., mentioned below. The 
purity of the private life and character of Judge Clark added dignity as 
well as usefulness to the office which he held, imparting to his administra- 
tion all the weight and authority which attach to the possession of an un- 
spotted name. 

In 1888, while Judge Clark was still in the prime of life, his honorable 
career was terminated by death. A man of the loftiest principles, the 
calmest judgment and the most unblenching courage, he detested subter- 
fuge and chicane, his own mind and motives being transparent. His sym- 
pathy for humanity was so broad that it extended to all who came in con- 
tact with him, and his generous nature was quick to respond where help 
or kindly offices were needed, for large as was his mind, his heart was 
larger, and his charity unostentatious, accomplishing far more than will 
ever be known. In his administration of justice he was above reproach. 
Most truly might it be said of him, as it was of an eminent judge in one 
of the Northern States, that "when the ermine rested on his shoulders it 
touched nothing less spotless than itself." 

James P. Clark, son of Isaac Davis and Jane P. (Armstrong) Clark, 
was born April 11, 1872. He received his preliminary education in the 
public schools of the Eastern Shore, afterward studying at Dickinson Col- 
lege, the alma mater of his father. Choosing, like his father, a mercantile 
career, he came in 1893 to Baltimore, where he has ever since been en- 
gaged in business, always in the same neighborhood, his store being now 
situated on North Charles street. It is equipped with every modern im- 
provement and is fitted up in a manner extremely pleasing to the eye, testi- 
fying to the artistic sense of the proprietor as well as to his business 
ability. He has established a reputation as a progressive merchant, con- 
spicuous for the soundness of his judgment, the excellence of his plans, the 
vigor with which he carries them into execution, and above all for his 
incorruptible integrity. The evenness and poise which are among his 
salient characteristics enable him to meet any obligation of life with confi- 
dence and courage and render him a dependable man in any relation and 
any emergency. 

Mr. Clark is a member of the Merchants' Club, the Baltimore Athletic 
Qub, the Baltimore Yacht Club and L'Hirondelle Country Club. He is 
much interested in athletics, not as a matter of personal taste alone, but 
on general principles and from the conviction that they are beneficial to 
the majority of mankind. At college he was initiated in the Greek letter 
fraternity, Sigma Chi, in which he still keeps up an interest. Wliile not 
neglecting his duties as a citizen, his devotion to business leaves no room 
in his life for political ambition. He is a member of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church. 

Mr. Clark married, January 12, 1899, Edna Rockwell, granddaughter 
of Alfred Jones, a noted engraver and a member of the National Academy, 
and they are the parents of one son, Sherman R., born November 16, 1899. 



i 




^n€im€4 W. ^Do'T^eu 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 759 

Of medium stature, with a large head, an intellectual countenance and a 
keen eye, Mr. Clark is a man in whom the spirit predominates over the 
physical. He is skilled in reading human nature and his words are few 
iDUt always to the point, while his nimble wit and kindly humor, joined to 
unvarying courtesy and affability, have gained him the warm regard of 
all who know him personally. He is devoted to his family and friends, and 
is a man of deep and broad sympathies, holding his wealth in irust tor 
the less fortunate of his fellows, his hand being cunning in charity which 
evades the gaze of the world. 

Once, on being asked the secret of his success, Mr. Clark is said to 
have replied: "In my opinion there is nothing in success but the ability to 
do hard work." While Mr. Clark is an accepted authority on the subject 
of success and his genius for hard work is undisputed, those who have 
witnessed his career recognize the presence of something more. He is a 
type of business man of whom his home city is justly proud, whose enter- 
prise has not only developed her trade and commerce, but whose integrity 
has given her an enviable reputation for fair dealing. He is one of those 
who have helped to make the words "Baltimore merchant" synonymous 
with commercial honor. 



CHARLES WELBY DORSEY 

There is a class of men in whom our country has ever taken a pecu- 
liar pride, men who have, unassisted, hewn their way through the forest 
of difficulty to the goal of honorable success. Baltimore has had many of 
these citizens, whose lives and personal exertions have so greatly advanced 
her material and commercial prosperity, but among them all none deserves 
a more honorable mention in the annals of our city than does Charles Welby 
Dorsey, president for a number of years of the Manufacturers' National 
Bank, and one of the former vice-presidents of the National Exchange 
Bank. Mr. Dorsey has been for more than half a century identified with 
the industrial, financial and social interests of Baltimore. 

Captain Allen M. Dorsey, father of Charles Welby Dorsey, was born 
in 1 81 2, in Loudoun county, Virginia, his ancestors having been among the 
early settlers of the colony. In 1840 Captain Dorsey brought his family to 
Howard county, Maryland, where during the remainder of his life he 
was engaged in business as a carpenter and builder. His wife was Ma- 
tilda J. Polton, born in 1814, in Baltimore county, Maryland, of a family 
which had been settled here since the colonial period. Captain and Mrs. 
Dorsey were the parents of four children, three of whom survive : Charles 
Welby, mentioned below ; Mrs. Sarah F. Waidner, of Baltimore ; and Mrs. 
Simmons Paxson, of Byrwin. Maryland. Captain Dorsey died in 1846, 
being then in early manhood, and his widow survived until 1875. 

Charles Welby, son of Allen M. and Matilda J. (Polton) Dorsey, was 
born May 7, 1838, at Waterford, Loudoun county, Virginia, and received 
his early education in the schools of Howard county, Maryland. When 
his father died the family removed to Howard county and lived with Z. 
Polton, the father of Mrs. Dorsey, the mother of our subject, Charles W. 
Dorsey, and remained there until 1854. In the latter year, Mr. Dorsey's 
family moved to Baltimore, and he secured a position. It is his own 
opinion that early responsibility exerted a most beneficial effect upon his 
character, making him industrious and steadfast, and causing him to de- 
velop into the energetic man he is to-day. Nor did he allow this constant 



76o HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

occupation to prevent him from obtaining an education, but, while working 
as a salesman in Hamburger's clothing store, corner of Baltimore and Pop- 
pleton streets, he attended the night school of the Maryland Institute, 
where he studied bookkeeping, afterward finishing his course at Bryant & 
Stratton's Business College. 

While in the service of Mr. Hamburger, Mr. Dorsey was advised, by 
a fellow employe much older than himself, to give up his position and 
learn a trade. Accordingly, he became an apprentice in a carpenter's shop, 
and until 1861 earned his living by following that trade, acting as foreman 
over several gangs, many of which numbered thirty men. In 1861 he re- 
linquished this occupation and became a conductor in the service of the 
Baltimore City Passenger Railway Company, making a circuit between 
Sharp and Baltimore streets and Ferry Bar. He was then, as he is now, a 
man without pretense, thoroughly genuine, free from the small importances 
of lesser minds, absorbed in his work, and bent on doing the best he could 
for those he served and for those dependent upon him, facing and overcom- 
ing, during these years of endeavor, many of the obstacles which some 
of America's most famous men have had to encounter, and, boldly meeting 
them, have grown stronger and more able to cope with the world, even as 
this man has done. 

While filling the position of a conductor, Mr. Dorsey met Mr. Tyson, 
then president of the road, and thenceforth the latter used all his influence 
to help the stronghearted, enterprising young man, telling him on one 
occasion that he (Mr. Dorsey) had in him "the foundation of a great rail- 
road man''. In 1862 Mr. Dorsey was appointed substitute receiver of the 
company, and in 1863 was promoted to the assistant superintendency of 
the company's Green and Blue Lines, under William C. Arthur, and in 
1864 becoming superintendent of these lines. When Cathcart became pro- 
vost marshal of Baltimore, Mr. Dorsey resigned his position, becoming 
Cathcart's assistant, but shortly after was solicited by Mr. Tyson to return, 
the latter alleging that they wanted him. All this time, and even as a con- 
ductor, he performed the duties of his superior without the knowledge of 
the officers of the company, who remained ignorant of the fact for a long 
time, but. when they finally learned it, greatly did it strengthen their 
already high opinion of Mr. Dorsey's character and talents. He returned 
to the service of the company, and finally left it in December, 1872, to 
become a member of the firm of William J. Dickey & Sons, the largest 
cotton and wool manufacturers in Baltimore. No one knows as much 
about conquering environment as the man who has done it, and certainly it 
is beyond all question that Mr. Dorsey, at this period in his history, had 
achieved a complete victory over his surroundings. 

In 1882, when Mr. Dickey opened the Manufacturers' National Bank, 
Mr. Dorsey continued his connection with the firm, and in 1891 became 
vice-president of the bank, succeeding, in 1896, upon the decease of Mr. 
Dickey, to the presidency of that institution. In 1903, when the stock of 
the bank was purchased by the First National Bank of Baltimore, Mr. Dor- 
sey became vice-president of the National Exchange Bank, a position 
which he resigned two years ago. He is now a director of this bank, and 
is affiliated with the Wetheredville Savings Bank, of which he was a 
founder. He is also one of the directors of the Ashland Manufacturing 
Company of Baltimore county. 

While Mr. Dorsey has never exhibited any political aspirations, confin- 
ing his attention strictly to business matters, he has not neglected the duties 
of citizenship, and was formerly enrolled among the Democrats, but is now 





v^ey^v 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 761 

an Independent. He is a Mason and a Knight Templar, and was first master 
of Sharon Lodge, ArHngton. He is a director of the Baltimore Young 
Men's Christian Association ; a member of the board of trustees of the 
Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Virginia ; president of the Mary- 
land Sunday School Association, and a member of the Committee of Thirty 
of the Laymen's Movement. He is senior elder of Dickey Memorial Pres- 
byterian Church, Dickeysville, and is identified with the charitable or- 
ganizations of this church and of the community at large. 

Mr. Dorsey married, in December, 1872, in Baltimore, Elizabeth, 
daughter of William J. Dickey, with whom, as has been shown, he was 
for many years associated in business. Mr. Dickey's wife was Agnes 
Murphy, and both she and her husband were natives of the North of Ire- 
land. Mrs. Dorsey died in 1873, and in 1875 Mr. Dorsey married her 
sister, Sarah J. Dickey, who died June, 1896, and who, by reason of her 
genuine personal worth, possessed, as does her husband, the warm regard 
of a large circle of friends. On February 8, 1898, Charles W. Dorsey 
married Mrs. Ella K. Ewing, widow of Rev. William Ewing, of Pleasant- 
ville, Pennsylvania, and daughter of George T. Loomis, of Hillsdale, 
Maryland. Elizabeth, one of the children of Mr. Dorsey, is the wife of 
the Rev. Dr. F. F. Kennedy, a Presbyterian minister, and the other, Charles 
W. Dorsey Jr., born in January, 1899. 

Mr. Dorsey stands to-day as a splendid type of the American citizen 
whose interests are broad, and whose labors are a manifestation of a recog- 
nition of the responsibilities of wealth as well as of his ability in the success- 
ful control of commercial and financial affairs. His busy life has been filled 
with achievement, he has been the architect of his fortune, and to-day he 
is held in genuine admiration by the people of Baltimore. He needs no 
eulogy, for the simple record of his career tells its own story. 



JOHN SOMERVILLE HAYES 

John Somerville Hayes, son of John and Anne Somerville (Knox) 
Hayes, was born in Fredericksburg, Virginia, April 3, 1835. He received 
his early education under private tutors. In 1861 he enlisted in the Con- 
federate Army and at the close of the war had risen to the rank of major. 
In 1865 he moved to Baltimore and was engaged in business there until 
the great fire of 1904, when he retired, although still attending the Cham- 
ber of Commerce, of which he is a veteran member. He was always very 
much interested in Emmanuel Protestant Episcopal Church and was superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school for twenty-five years and a vestryman for 
about forty years. He married, January 7, 1866, Susan McKim, daughter 
of Alexander B. and Margaret (McKim) Gordon. Their children are: 
Alexander Gordon, Susan, Mary McBryde, William McKim, Harold Knox, 
Margaret McKim. 

James Hayes, grandfather of John S. Hayes, was born in England and 
moved to Richmond, Virginia, where he edited a paper. He married Anne 
Dent Black, widow of John Black. She owned the Falls Plantation of 
3,500 acres, which is now the city of Manchester, Virginia. It was he 
who was appointed secretary of the commission selected by Governor 
Gouch to make a treaty with the Six Nations, which was done near York, 
Pennsylvania. 

John Hayes, only son of James and Anne (Dent-Black) Hayes, studied 



762 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

medicine and had a wide practice in Richmond, Virginia. When a young 
man he served as a surgeon in the War of 1812. He married Anne Somer- 
ville. the only daughter of Dr. Thomas and Mary (Fitzhugh) Knox, of 
Wilmington, Delaware. 



ISAAC FREEMAN RASIN 

Isaac Freeman Rasin. one of the most masterful, powerful and popular 
politicians the annals of Baltimore have to show, was a descendant of one 
of the Colonial families of the State of Maryland, which is connected by 
marriage with almost all the families of prominence of Colonial, Revolu- 
tionary and historic fame. He was one of the most positive, as well as 
keen-witted of men. and it was but natural that he should assume the posi- 
tion of leader in whatever undertaking was entrusted to his conduct. Had 
he been engaged in commerce, he would have risen to the foremost rank 
of mercantile life; had he been engaged in financial enterprises, he would 
have been found as a member of the board of directors of every corpora- 
tion with these interests. It would have been impossible for him to remain 
in a subordinate position, for his innate ability would inevitably have 
caused him to rise. Among the families that have intermarried with the 
Rasins are: The Ringgolds, 1650; Claypooles, 1653; Morrises, of Phila- 
delphia, who came to this country with William Penn about 1657; Wilmers, 
1660; Cadwalladers, of Philadelphia; Wilsons and Halidays, 1700, Han- 
sons, Pacas, Tilghmans and the Goldsboroughs. The Claypooles trace their 
descent in a direct line to Edward I., king of England, a detailed account 
of which will be found hereinafter. 

(I) William Rasin, the American progenitor of this family, settled in 
Kent county, Maryland, in 1669, under Charles Calvert, Lord Baltimore. 
He was a man of estate and prominence, and was one of the earliest and 
leading vestryman of Chester Parish. 

(II) William Rasin, son of William Rasin, was a member of the As- 
sembly as early as 1757. He entered the Revolutionary service, and was 
advanced to the rank of ensign, lieutenant and captain of Light Infantry, 
of Kent county, Maryland. He was a participant in the battle of Camden, 
South Carolina, August 10, 1780, in which General Gates was defeated 
and Baron de Kalb killed, and was the only ensign who carried his colors 
from the field when the retreat was ordered. He married Sarah Freeman. 

(HI) Philip Freeman Rasin, son of William and Sarah (Freeman) 
Rasin, was born in Kent county, Maryland, became a prominent merchant 
and extensive land owner in that county, was influential in its affairs and 
active in promoting its interests. He married Phoebe Wilson, whose line 
of descent is as follows : James Wilson, the immigrant ancestor, came 
from England to the Province of Maryland and settled in Shrewsbury 
Parish, Kent county, about the year 1700, and died in 1732. He married 

Catherine . George, son of James and Catherine Wilson, married 

Mary Kinnert. George, son of George and Mary (Kinnert) Wilson, mar- 
ried Margaret Hall. George, son of George and Margaret (Hall) Wil- 
son, married Susan Haliday, daughter of James and Margaret (Cook) 
Morris, and granddaughter of Anthony Morris, of St. Dunstan, Stepney, 
London, England. Phcebe, daughter of George and Susan Haliday (Mor- 
ris) Wilson, married Philip Freeman Rasin, as above mentioned. 

(IV) Robert Wilson Rasin, son of Philip Freeman and Phoebe (Wil- 
son) Rasin, was born in Kent county, Maryland, and in early life devoted 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 763 

his attention to agricultural pursuits. Later he removed to the city of 
Baltimore, where for many years he was extensively engaged in real estate 
transactions, and aided greatly in the development and growth of the city. 
He was public-spirited and enterprising, and used his best efforts for the 
improvement of the community in which he resided and bettering the con- 
ditions for all citizens. He married Mary Rebecca (Ringgold) Ringgold, 
widow of her first cousin, William, son of Thomas Ringgold, and grandson 
of William and Rebecca Ringgold. The Ringgold descent is as follows : 

Thomas Ringgold, Lord of Huntingfield, was the American progeni- 
tor of the family. He settled on the Isle of Kent in 1650, with two sons, 
James and John, acquired a large amount of land and became very promi- 
nent and influential. As early as 165 1 he was a member of the courts, 
and it was stipulated by the British Crown that Philip Connor or Thomas 
Ringgold should always hold this position. He was a true Royalist, and, in 
1652, with sixty-five others, pledged himself to be true and faithful to the 
Commonwealth of England, without Kings or House of Lords. Major 
James, son of Thomas Ringgold, Lord of Huntingfield, was one of the 
commissioners holding courts in Talbot county as early as 1662, and in 
Kent county from 1674 until his death in 1686. He was in high favor 
with the Crown of Great Britain, and married Mary, daughter of Captain 
Robert Vaughn, of Kent county, Maryland. James, son of Major James 
and Mary (Vaughn) Ringgold, was of Talbot county, Maryland. Josiah 
was the son of James Ringgold, of Talbot county. Thomas, son of Josiah 
Ringgold, married Elizabeth Sadler. Edward, son of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth (Sadler) Ringgold, was a large real estate owner and planter on 
Kent Island, Kent county, Maryland. He married his first cousin, a 
daughter of William and Rebecca Ringgold. Mary Rebecca, daughter of 
Edward and (Ringgold) Ringgold, married for her second hus- 
band, Robert Wilson Rasin, as above mentioned. 

(V) Isaac Freeman Rasin, son of Robert Wilson and Mary Rebecca 
(Ringgold) Rasin, was born at Castle Carey, in Kent county, Maryland, 
March 11, 1833, died at his late residence, Calvert and Chase streets, Balti- 
more, Maryland, March 9, 1907. From his earliest years he displayed 
unusual resourcefulness and unlimited confidence, and possessed the rare 
faculty of inspiring unquestioning obedience in others. His education, 
which was strictly on practical lines, was acquired at Washington College, 
Kent county, Maryland. He was scarcely more than a young lad when 
he accepted his first business position, which was that of clerk in a dry 
goods house in Baltimore, and became thoroughly familiar with this line 
of business. Subsequently he established himself in a similar line of busi- 
ness, conducting it with success until 1867, during this time achieving a 
reputation for honesty and upright dealing, and took high rank among the 
merchants of the city. He was noted for his aptitude in grappling with 
details, and for his accurate and keen perception and judgment. He had 
always been an earnest supporter of the principles of the Democratic party, 
and during the Civil War his best efforts were given to the cause of the 
South, which had his entire sympathy. He abandoned his mercantile 
career in 1867, when he was elected to a term of six years as a clerk of 
the court of common pleas. He was reelected in 1873, and again in 1879, 
and positively declined reelection in 1885. These reelections proved most 
conclusively the value of the services of Mr. Rasin while the incumbent of 
this office. Work was a pleasure to him ; he was full of fiery energy, un- 
quenchable hope, and that implacable resolution which looks so closely at 
the main object to be achieved, that it fails to heed the intervening obsta- 



764 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

cles to be overcome, and brushes them aside without difficulty. In 1886 
President Cleveland appointed Mr. Rasin naval officer of the Port of Balti- 
more, an office he held until the close of President Cleveland's administra- 
tion. 

In 1892 he was elected state insurance commissioner for the State 
of j\Iaryland, by the board of public works of Maryland, and served in 
this office until his resignation in December, 1896. During the second 
administration of President Cleveland, he was offered the United States 
consulship to Berlin, Germany, but, for a variety of reasons, declined this 
honor. At the National Democratic Convention which nominated Grover 
Cleveland for a third term, Mr. Rasin served as a delegate, and for many 
years he was a member of the Democratic state executive committee. Per- 
haps the most obvious, if not the strongest trait in the character of Mr. 
Rasin was his intense individuality, the influence of which was felt, espe- 
cially in political circles, to an extent hitherto almost unparalleled. He 
never sought public attention, but the excellent work which he did in mat- 
ters connected with the community, although performed in the quietest 
manner consistent with affairs involved, brought public attention upon him, 
and he was obliged to accept some of the honors offered him. He was bold 
and aggressive in his method of procedure, but cool and prudent ; prompt 
to the moment in all engagements, although they might concern the veriest 
trifles, considering his verbal promise as binding as his written word; a 
natural negotiator, and a thoroughly practical man. One of the most im- 
portant traits of his character, and one which contributed not a little in 
upholding his popularity, was the ability he possessed of keeping in touch 
and holding the confidence of all classes of men of honor, whether they 
belonged to the higher circles of society or were members of the honorable 
working order. 

Mr. Rasin married, March 4, 1862, Julia Ann Claypoole, whose ances- 
tral line will be found forward. She was a woman who inherited all the 
best characteristics of a long and honorable line of ancestors, and whose 
intelligence and refinement, increased as they were by high culture, made 
her a worthy helpmate to her gifted husband. Children: i. John Free- 
man, born October 28, 1869, married Mrs. Alice (Montague) Warfield, 
widow of T. Wallis Warfield and daughter of William L. Montague. 2. 
Gertrude Browne, married William Tyler Gatchell, of Baltimore. 3. Julia 
Angela, married William Pinkney Craig, of Baltimore county, Maryland. 
4. Helen Ringgold, married, November 17, 1897, Hugo Albert Rennert, 
professor of languages in the University of Pennsylvania. 5. Carroll Wil- 
son, born June 11, 1881, married Catherine Key Daingerfield, of Alexan- 
dria, A'irginia. 6. Alice Regina, married J. S. Barbour Daingerfield, of 
Alexandria, Virginia. 

To sum up the character of Mr. Rasin, he was a man of strong and 
clear convictions, which were the result of independent thought and care- 
ful study. Reverential and conscientious in his nature, he was naturally 
religious in his tendencies, yet he formed his religious opinions for him- 
self, being careful only to be right, without regard to the general or popu- 
lar beliefs, and was satisfied with his views only when they were in accord 
with his own highest convictions of truth. His leading characteristics may 
be stated as indomitable perseverance in any undertaking he once embarked 
in, boldness of operation in his projects, unusual capacity for judging the 
motives and merits of men and integrity and loyalty to friends. His whole 
life was largely devoted to the performance of public duties, and he is 
justly ranked among Baltimore's most useful and public-spirited men. 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 765 

(The Claypoole Line). 

(I) Edward I., King of England, 1272-1307, married (first) Eleanor, 
daughter of Ferdinand III., King of Castile and Leon. 

(II) Princess Elizabeth Plantagenet, daughter of King Edward I. 
and Eleanor, of England, married Humphrey de Bohun, fourth Earl of 
Hereford and Essex, Lord High Constable of England, who was killed in 
1321. 

(III) Sir William de Bohun, K. G., son of Humphrey and Princess 
Elizabeth (Plantagenet) de Bohun, died in 1360. He married Elizabeth de 
Badelesmenre. 

(IV) Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William and Elizabeth (de 
Badelesmenre) de Bohun, married Sir Richard Fitz-Alan, K. G., tenth 
Earl of Arundel. 

(V) Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard and Lady Elizabeth (de 
Bohun) Fitz-Alan, died in 1425. She married (first) Sir William Mon- 
facute; (second) Sir Thomas, Baron Mowbray, K. G., Earl Marshal of 
England, first Duke of Norfolk; (third) Sir Gerard d'Ufifete ; (fourth) 
Sir Rjobert Gonshill, of Hault-Hucknall, Derby. 

(VI) Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert and Lady Elizabeth (Fitz- 
Alan) Gonshill, died in 1431. She married Sir Robert Wingfield. 

(VII) Sir Henry, son of Sir Robert and Elizabeth (Gonshill) Wing- 
field, was of Oxford, in Suffolk, and his will is dated February 21, 1483. 
He married Elizabeth Rook. 

(VIII) Sir Robert, son of Sir Henry and Elizabeth (Rook) Wing- 
field, died in 1575. He married Margaret Quarles. 

(IX) Sir Robert, son of Sir Robert and Margaret (Quarles) Wing- 
field, was of Upton, and died in 1580. He married Elizabeth, a sister of 
the celebrated Lord High Treasurer Cecil. 

(X) Dorothy, daughter of Sir Robert and Elizabeth (Cecil) Wing- 
field, died in 1619. She married at St. George's, Stamford, September 30, 
1587, Adam Claypoole, Esq., of Latham and Narborough, in Northampton 
county, England. 

(XI) Sir John, third son of Adam and Dorothy (Wingfield) Clay- 
poole, was of Narborough, and fell under the displeasure of the court for 
contumacy in respect of ship money. He became a follower of Cromwell, 
by whom he was knighted, and he was a clerk of the Hanaper. He mar- 
ried in London, 1622, Marie Angell. The baptismal records of his children 
are to be found in London. 

(XII) James, son of Sir John and Marie (Angell) Claypoole, was a 
merchant in London, from whence he emigrated to America, and became 
a merchant of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He married Helen Merces. 

(XIII) Nathaniel, son of James and Helen (Merces) Claypoole, was 
also of Philadelphia. He married Elizabeth . 

(XIV) James, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth Claypoole, was of Phila- 
delphia. He married Mary Hood. 

(XV) James, son of James and Mary (Hood) Qaypoole, married 
Mary Kemp. 

(XVI) James, son of James and Mary (Kemp) Claypoole, married 
Elizabeth Morrison. 

(XVII) Captain John, son of James and Elizabeth (Morrison) Clay- 
poole, married Martha Ann Browne. 

(XVIII) Julia Ann, daughter of Captain John and Martha Ann 
(Browne) Claypoole, married Isaac Freeman Rasin, as above stated. 



766 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

HARRY GEORGE SKINNER 

Harry George Skinner, president of the most important shipbuilding 
company in Baltimore, was born in that city, December 17, 1858. He is a 
son of William Henry and Martha Anne (Wilson) Skinner, and the family 
has been connected with shipbuilding industries for a great number of 
years. From the earliest days of its existence Baltimore has been foremost 
in the building of ships, and as years have passed it has not lost its su- 
premacy in this line, which has in its front rank the company headed by 
Mr. Skinner. 

He attended the public schools of his native town, spending all his 
spare time at the shipbuilding yards of his father, and after a three years' 
course at the Baltimore City College, entered, as an apprentice, the trade 
which he intended to make his life work. While working at the practical 
side of his calling during the day, his evenings were spent in studying it 
theoretically. He was a student in the night classes in mechanical draw- 
ing at the Maryland Institute, the School of Art and Design, and in addi- 
tion he took up the study of individual branches of the business by himself, 
taking as his guides in this, J. Scott Russell's Ship Building, and Samuel 
J. P. Thearle's Naval Architecture. Mr. Skinner was thus thoroughly and 
well equipped for the business he had chosen of his own free will, his 
father having allowed him to follow his inclinations in this respect. The 
firm, which had been organized by the father and uncle of Mr. Skinner, was 
first known as William Skinner & Sons, and later as William Skinner & 
Sons Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company of Baltimore City, when, in 
1899, the interests were combined, and Mr. Skinner, who had taken charge 
of affairs upon the death of his father and uncle, was made president and 
treasurer of the corporation. In March, 1906, Mr. Skinner and his corpo- 
ration obtained control of the shipbuilding plant, dry dock and machine 
shops formerly belonging to the Baltimore Shipbuilding and Dry Dock 
Company, and uniting these with the interests of the William Skinner & 
Sons Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company of Baltimore City, a new com- 
pany was formed under the name of the Skinner Shipbuilding and Dock 
Company of Baltimore City, of which Mr. Skinner is president and treas- 
urer. Much of the success of this corporation has been due to the fore- 
sight, executive ability and thorough mastery of detail evinced by Mr. 
Skinner. As seems but natural, sports upon the water have always had a 
greater attraction for him than those upon land. He is actively interested 
in organizations connected with his business, is chairman of the executive 
committee of the Ship and Marine Engine Builders' Association of Balti- 
more, and is a member of the Society of Naval Architects and the Marine 
Engineers. He is a member of the Masonic order and has served as mas- 
ter. His club affiliations are with the Baltimore Country, the Maryland 
Country and the Baltimore Yacht clubs. 

Mr. Skinner married, April 7, 1885, Gertrude Thompson, of Terre 
Haute, Indiana. Children : WilHam Thompson ; Harry G. Jr., midship- 
man of U. S. Navy; W. Howard; Margaret Seymour; Claude Matthews; 
William H., Gertrude T. Skinner. 



JORDAN STABLER 

Jordan Stabler, a leader in the commercial circles of Baltimore and 
head of the firm of Jordan Stabler Company, one of the largest grocery 




^T'ABL^^ 



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 767 

houses in the South, is descended on both sides from colonial Quaker fami- 
lies of English origin. 

The earliest notice found of the Stabler family in the London records 
dates back to the time of King Edward I., about 1274. In the history of 
York, England, we find the marriage of George and Ann Stabler in 1680; 
one son is mentioned as Ishmael Stabler, Gentleman. 

Edward, the son of Ishmael, was lord mayor of York from 1774 to 
1779. At the time of his death in 1786 he was one of the aldermen of that 
corporation. A record published on that date reads : 

Edward Stabler, who served the office of Lord Mayor, 1774 to 1779. A gentle- 
man who discharged the duties of public and private life with the most conscientious 
integrity, and in whom were happily blended all the amiable virtues that could dignify 
human nature and constitute the character of a truly good man. His loss will be 
long and severely felt and deplored. 

Another Edward Stabler, born in Yorkshire in 1732, a close relative of 
the lord mayor, emigrated to America in 1753 ; married Mary Robinson, of 
Chester, Pennsylvania ; settled in Petersburg, Virginia, and was a promi- 
nent shipping and importing merchant during the Revolution. An inter- 
esting story of courage and devotion to principles was given us by Rev. 
Moncure D. Conway, formerly of Virginia, who mentions Edward Stabler, 
of Petersburg, Virginia, the great-grandfather of Jordan Stabler, in his 
"Memoirs of the Long Island Historical Society." Mr. Conway's story is 
as follows : 

During the French and Indian War, about 1756, Governor Dinwiddle of Vir- 
ginia issued an order that all Quakers who were drafted for the army, and refused 
to take up arms, or pay ten pounds sterling for a substitute, should be put in jail 
and lashed every day until they complied. Edward Stabler of Petersburg, Virginia, 
then twenty- four years of age, realizing the injustice of this order, because it was 
against the principles of members of the Society of Friends to aid or abet in war, 
volunteered to make the trip on horseback, through the forests and over the moun- 
tains (infested with savage Indians) to Fort Duquesne, two hundred and fifty miles, 
to abtain a letter from his friend General Washington requesting Governor Dinwiddie 
to rescind that order. 

General Washington gave him the desired letter to the Governor, and after 
another two hundred and fifty miles' ride back to Virginia he secured the release of 
the "Quakers" from jail. The stone horseblock, dated 1756 and weighing over a ton, 
from which he mounted to take this long and perilous journey, is now used by one 
of his descendants at Harewood, Sandy Spring, Montgomery County, Maryland. 

Dr. William Stabler, son of Edward Stabler, of Petersburg, Virginia, 
married Deborah Pleasants, of Goochland county, Virginia, and settled in 
Leesburg, Virginia. In 1793 they moved to Harewood, Sandy Spring, Mont- 
gomery county, Maryland, where the doctor continued to practise medi- 
cine until his death from hemorrhages in 1806. His wife, Deborah (Pleas- 
ants) Stabler, was a recommended minister of the Society of Friends, well 
known and beloved by a large circle of friends throughout Maryland and 
Virginia. During the War of 1812, her son Edward, the father of Jordan 
Stabler, was a clerk in the drug house of his uncle, Edward Stabler, in 
Alexandria, Virginia. He was drafted for service in the militia. Refusing 
to serve, he was arrested and placed in jail. His mother, who had been a 
schoolmate and friend of Dolly Madison, learning of her son's arrest, 
w^rote to the lady of the White House : 

Dear Dolly: My son Edward has been arrested and lodged in jail in Alexandria 
because he refused to take up arms. I want thee to tell James to have him released 
at once. 

Thy respected friend, 

Deborah. 



768 HISTORY OF BALTIMORE 

It is needless to say, through Dolly's influence, the request was 
granted. 

Edward, son of Dr. William and Deborah (Pleasants) Stabler, was 
born September 26, 1794; married Ann R., daughter of Bernard Gilpin Sr. 
of JNIount Airy, Sandy Spring, Montgomery county, Maryland. A history 
of the Gilpin family appears elsewhere in this work. Mr. Stabler died 
September 3, 1883, on the old Harewood estate, where he was born, pass- 
ing away, by a singular coincidence, in the same room in which he had 
first seen the light eighty-nine years before. The Harewood estate was 
part of the original "Charlie Forest" grant from Lord Baltimore, and is 
one of the three farms in Montgomery county which, up to the present 
time, have never passed out of the families of their original owners. 

Jordan, son of Edward and Ann R. (Gilpin) Stabler, was born Janu- 
ary 16, 1840, on the Harewood estate. He received his preparatory educa- 
tion at the neighboring country schools, afterward attending Springdale 
Academy, Loudoun county, Virginia. He acquired, meanwhile, so thor- 
ough a knowledge of agriculture, that he was able, as a fifteen-year-old 
boy, to manage the farm for two winters, during which time his father 
was absent in Washington, assisting Obed Hussey to secure an extension 
to his patent for the first successful mowing and reaping machine ever 
built, called the Hussey Mowing and Reaping Machine. 

Mr. Stabler's inclinations, however, were for a commercial rather than 
an agricultural career, and in 1857, after completing his course of study, 
he came in the autumn to Baltimore, where he secured a position as clerk 
in the old grocery house of G. H. Reese & Brothers. The natural apti- 
tude for his new duties which he immediately displayed proved that in his 
choice of a lifework he had been guided by a true instinct, that he pos- 
sessed the qualification