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* 



THE 



BAPTIST MAGAZINE 



FOR 



1854 



THE PBOFJTS ABXSXKO PROM TUB SALB 07 THIS WORK ARB UIVBIC TO THE WIDOWS OF 
BAPTT9T NIVISrEBS, AT THB RBCOMMEKDATIOR OF THE CORTRIBUTORS. 



VOLUME XLVI. 



(series IV., VOL. XVII.) 



" speaking tbo trnth in loye."— EPHssMNtf ir. 15 



LONDON : 
PUBLISHED BY HOULSTON AND STONBMAN, 

65, PATERNOSTER ROW. 



MDOOOLIV. 




r '^ I 



L') 



LO.XDON : 
HAOOON, BROTHKRa, AND CO., PRINTKR8, CA8TI.K .omEKT, rrVhlM'R^ 



PREFACE. 



The seventeenth volume of a series conducted on the same 
principles, and under the management of the same individual, 
can scarcely require any prefatory sentence^ The custom of 
writing a paragraph to be placed at the commencement of each 
volume may not however be useless, if it serve to remind the 
editor of his responsibility. It was for the promotion of the 
interests of the Redeemer s churches that the Baptist Magazine 
was originally called into existence ; and it is only in proportion 
to its eflSciency in the advancement of those interests that it can 
have His approbation. The duties of its editor cannot be dis- 
charged properly by any man who does not realize the solemnity 
of his position. On his integrity, faithfulness, and skill, it 
depends, in a considerable degree, whether the work shall or shall 
not be an effective instrument for the accomplishment of the most 
important purposes. As, year by year, the time draws nearer 
for rendering his final account, it is increasingly desirable that he 
should cultivate that frame of mind which the apostle of the 
Gentiles described as bis own, in language which may be ^ata- 



T PREFACE. 

phrased thus : — '^ The estimate formed of me by fallible men is in 
my view of smaU importance. I do not indeed venture to 
pronounce judgment respecting myself. I am not conscious of 
delinquency; but this does not clear me. He that pronounces 
the unerring, authoritative, irreversible sentence is the Lord." 

Reminded thus of his own responsibility, and grateful for the 
aid which he continues to receive from some of the best writers 
of the denomination, the editor again subscribes himself, 

The willing servant of Christ's churches and ministers, 

WILLIAM GROSER. 

14, Middleton Road, Dakton, 
November 2^th, 1854. 



■'' -> 



TUK 






BAPTIST MAGAZINE. 



JANUARY, 1854. 



MEMOIR OP THE REV. JOHN THOMAS, 

riadT BAPTIST MISSIONARY TO THE UBATHEX i:X BEXOAL. 

BI THE BEV. C, B. LEWIS Of CALCUTTA. 

PAllT VI. — FROM MARCH TO OCTOBER 13tII, 1801. 



Is the reader weary of our narrative I 
A little more patience, and it will close. 
We now enter upon the last stage of 
Mr. Thomas's life, and the facts relating 
to it which have been preserved in the 
published records of the Baptist Mission 
are few indeed. 

Mr. Thomas continued to labour 
earnestly for the spiritual good of both 
natives and Europeans at Dinagepore. 
His recovery from the mental disorder 
to which refurencc is made in the pre- 
ceding paper, was complete ; and his 
reason was never again impaired by 
disease. We mention this, because the 
very scanty references to Mr. Thomas 
at this time which were published in 
the Periodical Accounts, gave the un- 
scrupulous opponents of the mission 
opportunity to allege that he continued 
insane till his death. The falsity of 

this statemeoi was ind/gnantly exposed 
roL, xrii» — rovMTH bkeiks. 



by W. Cuninghame, Esq., whom we 
have before spoken of as once a resident 
at Dinagepore. AVe shall give a few 
extracts from his letter, which bears 
testimony, not only to the soundness of 
Mr. Thomas's intellect, but to his ex- 
oellenco as a man and a Christian. 
Mr. Cuningharao says, "From the 
summer of 1796, till May, 1801, I held 
an official situation in the Company's 
Civil Service at Dinagepore ; and, during 
the last six months of the period, I had 
very frequent intercourse with Mr. 
Thomas, and heard him preach almost 
every Sunday ; and I most solemnly 
affirm that I never saw the least 
symptom of derangement in any part of 
his behaviour or conversation. On the 
contrary, I considered him as a man of 
good understanding, uncommon bene- 
volence, and solid piety. In ^lay, 1801 , 
J quitted Dinagepore, and nexer \i^\u 



MEMOIR OF THE REV. JOHN THOMAS. 



2 

saw Mr. Thomas ; bufc I had more than 
one letter from him between that time 
and his death. . . . These letters, which 
are still in my possession, exhibit no 
signs whatever of mental derangement. 
In the last of them he wrote (with the 
calmness and hope of a Christian) of his 
own dissolution ; an event which he 
thought was near at hand, as he felt 
some internal symptoms of the forma- 
tion of a polypus in his heart. After 
Mr. Thomases decease, I had an oppor- 
tunity of learning the circumstances of 
it from the late Mr. Samuel Powell, a 
person whose veracity none who knew 
him could question : and I never had 
the smallest reason to believe or suspect 
that Mr. Thomas was, in any degree 
whatever, deranged in mind at the time 
of his death. ... I am happy thus to 
make some return for the instructions 
I received from Mr. Thomas as a 
minister of Christ, and the pleasure I 
frequently enjoyed in his society and 
conversation." 

This is more than enough to show 
that no return of mental malady inter- 
fered with Mr. Thomases usefulness at 
Dinagepore.* We have little more to 
tell of his labours there: the informa- 
tion we possess relates to his sufferings 
and his spiritual exercises. 

His health was broken up, and his 
spirits had been depressed by repeated 
shocks of severe illness. On the 10th 
of August he thus recorded the symp- 
toms from which he suffered : — " Very 
much affected this evening with a pal- 
pitation of heart, as though a polypus, 
or some evil, was forming there, which 



• We h*TO cfttabllehcJ this point here, not 
becaoM we think it necessary to refute the mallg- 
naat assertion of Major Scott Waring, thht Mr. 
Thomas " died raring mad in Bengal ; " but because 
eren the fHends of our mission share in the lack of 
knowledge rMpecting the career of Mr. Thomas 
which he displayed. This may be seen in No. Irii. 
of the Baptist Tract Society's series ; where, in an 
account of the "Origin of the Baptist Foreign 
lliaion,'* it is affirmed that llr. Thomas died of 
iamia Urtr ia CjJrotte 



will soon put an end to this morta] 
life. A great fulness, and pain about 
the region of my heart has been more 
or less felt for several weeks ; but to- 
night it is distressing." About a 
fortnight after, he wrote thus of hii 
disease : — " My heart is not so mucfa 
pained this day or two : but the least 
extra motion brings a fluttering palpi- 
tation and distress, which is a death- 
like sensation I cannot describe." 

On September the Gth, while payio| 

a visit at Sadamahal, he wrote in hii 

diary : — " This day let it be recorded 

and remembered, my soul, that th< 

high and lofty One that inhabitetl 

eternity, hath looked upon thee, anc 

revived the spirit of the contrite. ] 

was brought low, very low. I sough) 

him, and found him not ; yet it wa: 

but a little, and I found him whoD 

my soul loveth. I have been meditatin( 

on the power, willingness, truth, an< 

love of Christ as a Saviour ; and hav 

selected several precious testimonies o 

each. And oh, his word has been swee 

to me ! Blessed be God for hope 

Blessed be the Son of God, who hatl 

not lefb me comfortless ! Blessed b 

the Spirit of God who hath not utterl 

forsaken me, but takes of the things c 

Christ still, and shows them to me ! < 

Thou who art able to keep me froi 

falling, keep my soul near ; do nc 

depart : let me be flllcd, and revive, an 

bring forth fruit, instead of being cv 

down ! Thou hast begun to compai 

me about with songs of deliverance 

tliis is the first day I could sing fc 

many days past. AYait on the Lon 

my souL . . . Wait I " 

In September, enfeebled and afflictc 
as he was, Mr. Thomas left Sadamah; 
and returned to Dinagepore. And hoi 
kind reader, do you suppose this joumc 
of about twenty-four miles, was accou 
plished ? AVe are told by Mr. Powc 
that he came on horse-back ! ^^ Gre; 
part of the country," it is added, ^ Wi 



MEMOIE OF THE BKY. JOHN THOMAS. 



then under water, and the roads in 
miBj places were broken up. The 
titer which he was obliged to pass 
tioough, the rain which fell, together 
vith a scorching sun, were too much 
forhis impaired constitution. It greatly ! 
fiitigaed him, and brought on a fever^ 
wMch yielded to no medicine, or treat- 
ment, and never left him till it effected 
hifl dissolution/* He was attended with 
pett assidoity and kindness by Dr. 
Gttdiner, the Company^s surgeon at 
Disagepore. 

On ^e morning of the 29th of Sep- 
tember he made the last entry in his 
joaroal, in the following words : " Still 
refreshed with a sense of the mercy 
neeiTMl yesterday : still more by read- 
iif €htpd SmneU, Those are sweet, 
esHghtening, and blessed truths to my 
ioqL Lord, accept my early thanks, 
tliioagh the Redeemer, in whom thou 
lit so well pleased: and may they never 
oeue to flow from this heart! .... 
^And the truth akall make you free,' 
Ai the truth maketh a man free, so 
error brings him again into bondage. 
We are as prone to error as we are to 
sin : we slide into it, and know it not, 
till darkness, fear, doubt, and confusion 
surround us ;* and *tis well if we 
bow it then ! How necessary is our 
Loid's counsel: — 'Take heed of the 
haven r'' 

We must now borrow from a letter 
written by Mr. Powell a touching 
aooount of Mr. Thomas's last days. 
The letter begins:— "You have been 
accustomed of late to receive gloomy 
tidings from India ; that the plains of 
Hindustan have been the graves of the 
missionaries. Soonafterone messenger 
had announced the death of Mr. Grant, 
laother claimed the attention of your 
iiitening ear, and declared the departure 
of Mr. Fountain. A third followed his 
rtepi^ and repeated the mournful tale, 
tbat Mr. Bnmsdon was taken away; 
uid DOW J hmre to tell you, Mr. ThomoB 



has put off his armour, and quitted the 
field of action ! . . . 

" You knew enough of Mr. Thomas 
to feel his loss, and shed a tear over his 
memory. Wearied with the storms and 
tempests of life, and agitated on the sea 
of adversity, he longed for his dismissal, 
that he might be with Christ, and enjoy 
the rest prepared for the people of God. 
Terrible as the king of terrors is to the 
wicked, he seldom exhibited his frowns 
to him. He saw this awful messenger 
with an angel's face, anxiously waited 
for his summons, and anticipated those 
sublime pleasures he so soon expected 
to enjoy. . . . 

^'Towards the close of his sickness 
his pains were exceeding great. He 
had periodical returns of cold fits, then 
a raging fever, then violent vomitings, 
and afterwards a dreadful oppression in 
the stomach, which threatened speedy 
suffocation; so that it occasioned the 
most painful sensations to his friends 
about him. A day or two before his 
death, he repeated, in a very impressive 
manner, those lines — 

* Josn", lover of my soul, 
Let me to thy boaom flj !' 

On mentioning the words : 

' Other refuge have I none," 

he pausedj and expatiated on the ability 
of Christ to save. * Yes,' said he, * we 
want no other refuge.' I never saw 
such beauty and force in that hymn as 
on his repeating it. Verily all his 
hopes did centre in Christ. He knew 
no rock, but the Rock of ages. When 
unable to read, his mind being well 
stored with scripture, he would fre- 
qvicntly repeat passages appropriate to 
his condition. Once, when in extreme 
pain, he cried out, * death ! where is 
thy sting?' On the 13th of October, 
1801, he breathed his last; and was 
buried by the side of Mr. Fountain. 
I " No more shall we see him aUndLn^ 
in a circle of Hindus, oxViOiWiit >Sr««v\ 



MEMOIR OF THE REV. JOHN THOMAS. 



to repent and believe the gospel. He 
panted and prayed for their salvation ; 
bat their stupidity grieved his heart. 
Much of his time was spent in preach- 
ing to them. No labourer could be 
more fatigued with the toil of the day, 
than he has been with addressing them 
on the great concerns of their souls 
from morning to evening. He generally 
enjoyed an assured persuasion of his 
interest in Christ ; and this remained 
with him to the last No man could 
be fiurther from depending upon his 
own righteousness than he; he would 
often lament his vileness before Qod, 
and exclaim, ' None but Christ ! None 
but Christ!'" 



It may be well for us now to lay 
bef<ne the reader the opinions on Mr. 
Thoma^s character which were ex- 
pressed by some of his brethren shortly 
after his death. Mr. Ward wrote as 
foUovrs : " Brother Thomas is dead ! . . . 
He died . . . with a hope full of im- 
mortality. He had faults: but never 
shall I forget the time when, after set- 
ting Krishna's arm, he talked to him 
with such earnestness about his soul, 
and salvation, that Krishna wept like a 
child. It appears that this preaching 
led to his conversion. Thus brother 
Thomas led the way to India, and was 
the instrument of the conversion of 
perhaps the first native* Brother Carey 
preached a sermon on the occasion of 
his death, on November the 8th, from 
John xxi. 19. ' This spake he, signify- 
ing by what death he should glorify 
God.'" 

Mr. Marshman wrote of Mr. Thomas, 
''When everything is considered, he 
was a most useful instrument in the 
mission. To him it is owing, under 
Qod, that the Hindus now hear the 
word of life. His unquenchable desire 
after their conversion induced him to 
relinquish his secular emplojrment on 
Aaajnd the Ojr/hrd Enst Indiaman, to 



devote himself to that object aloi 
which ultimately led our beloved socie 
to their engagement in the prese 
mission. Though he was not witho 
his failings, yet his peculiar talents, 1 
intense, though irregular spiritualii 
and his constant attachment to t\ 
beloved object, the conversion of t 
heathen, will render his memory dc 
as long as the mission endures." 

A more lengthened review of ] 
character was written by Mr. Full* 
who had seen all his correspondei 
and journals, and had had some p 
sonal intercourse with him in Englac 
We cannot do better than lay i 
before the reader. 

Mr. Fuller wrote thus ; — ^^ From t 
first interview that took place betw€ 
him and the society, which was 
Kettering, on January the 10th, 1 7! 
we perceived in him a great degree 
sensibility, mixed with seriousness a 
deep devotion ; and every letter ti 
has been since received from him 1 
breathed, in a greater or less degi 
the same spirit. His aflOdctions a 
disappointments (than whom few n 
had more in so short a life) appear 
have led him much to God, and U 
realizing application of the strong c< 
eolations of the gospel. He seld 
walked in an even path : we either e 
him full of cheerful and active love;, 
his hands hanging down as if he had 
hope. His sorrows bordered on i 
tragical, and his joys on the ecstai 
These extremes of feeling rendered 1: 
capable of speaking and writing in 
manner peculiar to himself. Almost 
that proceeded from him came dire< 
from the heart. 

" If we were to judge of him by w! 
we heard in England, we should say 
talents were better adapted to writ 
and conversation than preaching; 1 
the truth is, his talents were adap 
to that kind of preaching to which 
was called ;' a lively, metaphorical, i 



MEMOIR OF THB BEY. JOHN THOMAS. 



pointed address on divine subjects, 
dictated bj the circumstances of the 
moment^ and maintained amidst the 
iaterraptions and contradictions of a 
heathen audience." Omitting Mr. 
Fuller's illustration of Mr. Thomas's 
leadiness in replying to the cavils of 
his hearers, because we have previously 
(jaoted the same anecdote from his 
joomal, we may in place of it relate 
n accidoit which we find recorded in 
the Evangelical Magazine for 1812. 
'^Mr. Thomas was one day, after ad- 
dressing a crowd of natives on the 
banks of the Ganges, accosted by a 
Brahman as follows, ' Sahib, do you not 
nty that the devil tempts men to sin ? ' 
'Tes,' answered Mr. Thomas. 'Then,' 
nld the Brahman, 'certainly the fault 
ii the devil's ; the devil, therefore, and 
aot man, ought to suffer the punish- 
ment!' While the countenances of 
many of the natives discovered their 
tpparobation of the Brahman's inference, 
Mr. Thomas, observing a boat with 
several men on board, descending the 
river, with that facility of instructive 
retort for which he was so much dis- 
tinguished, replied, 'Brahman, do you 
see yonder boat ? ' * Yes/ * Suppose I 
were to send some of my friends to 
destroy every person on board, and 
bring me all that is valuable in the 
boat, — who ought to suffer punishment ? 
/for instructing them, or they for doing 
this wicked act?' 'Why,' answered 
the Brahman, with emotion, ' you ought 
a/!? to be put to death together.' * Aye, j 
Brahman,' replied Mr. Thomas, ' and if 
you and the devil sin together, the 
devil and you will be punished together.' " 
Mr. Fuller continues his account of 
Mr. Thomas : " When he was [on one 
occasion] warning them of their sin 
tnd danger, a Brahman, full of subtlety, 
interrupted him by asking ' Who made 
good and evil?' — hereby insinuating 
that nuui was not accountable for the 
tvil whieh be committed. *I know I 



your question of old,' said Mr. Thomas, 
' 1 know your meaning too. If a man 
revile his father or his mother, what a 
wretch is he ! If he revile his guru, 
you reckon him worse: but what is 
this,' turning to the Brahman, ' in com- 
parison with the words of this Brahman 
who reviles God ? God is a holy being, 
and all his works are holy. He made 
men and devils holy; but they have 
made themselves vile. He who imputes 
their sin to God is a wretch, who re- 
proaches his Maker. These men, with 
all their sin-extenuating notions, teach 
that it is a great evil to murder a 
Brahman ; yet the murder of many 
Brahmans does not come up to this : for 
if I murder a Brahman, I only kill his 
body ; but if I blaspheme and reproach 
my I^laker, casting all blame in his 
face, and teach others to do so, I infecik, 
I destroy, I devour both body and soul 

to all eternity.' ^Being on a journey 

through the country, he saw a great 
multitude assembling for the worship 
of one of their gods. He immediately 
approached them, and passing through 
the company, placed himself on an 
elevation, near to the side of the idol. 
The eyes of all the people were instantly 
fixed on him, wondering what he, being a 
European, meant to do. After beckon- 
ing for silence, he thus began : ' It has 
eyes :' — pausing, and pointing with his 
finger to the eyes of the image ; then 
turning his face, by way of appeal to 
the people, — * but it cannot see ! It 
has ears : — but it cannot hear ! It has 
a nose :— but it cannot smell ! It has 
hands : — but it cannot handle ! It has a 
mouth : — but it cannot speak ; neither is 
there any breath in it ! ' An old man 
in the company, provoked by these self- 
evident truths, added, ' It has feet ; but 
it cannot run away ! ' At this, a 
universal shout was heard : the faces of 
the priests and Brahmans were covered 
with shame, and the worship for that 
time was given up. 



6 



MEMOIR OF THE EEY. JOUN THOMAS. 



"His imagination being in itself 
lively, and much exercised by con- 
vening ^vith a people who deal largely 
in similitudes, it became natural to him 
to think and speak on divine subjects 
after their manner, and to gather in- 
struction from the common concerns of 
life. 'If,' says he in his journal, 'I 
speak an opinion about a trifle, to a 
mtin like myself, and he docs not yield 
directly to it, especially in anything 
wherein I have the advantage of him 
in knowledge and experience, as in 
physic and surgery, I feel dissatisfied ; 
and, if I do not speak out, I think in 
my mind that he is a stupid fellow, an 
unworthy object for me to lavish my 
wisdom upon. — But if he bo still more 
inferior, as my child, it is still more 
provoking. — If he bo still lower, as a 
servant, still the provocation increases. 
If he be one whom I have saved from 
the gallows, by bringing him into my 
service, and have bought and paid 
dearly for his escape ; and though he 
knoMTS my will, and I repeat it to him, 
yet he will not regard my opinion, but 
his own, and persists in it ; then is the 
provocation great indeed. — If he do me 
misohief, it is worse than all. — If he 
whom I brought to honour brings my 
name into contempt, and causes people 
to despise me, his best friend, what 
must now be my feelings? Yet if 
human patience could hold out so long, 
it is all nothing in comparison of the 
forbearance of Christ towards us ! ' 

'*He had a way of speaking and 
writing to persons in a genteel line of 
life that would come at their consciences, 
and generally without giving them 
offence. Sitting in a gentleman's house 
in Calcutta, a captain of an Indiaman 
came in, and began to curse and swear 
most bitterly. Mr. Thomas, turning 
himself to the gentleman of the house, 
related an anecdote of a person greatly 
addicted to swearing, but who, on going 
jak> A Boher fam\]y, entirely left it off. 



* Now,' said ISIr. Thomas, he did this 
for his own sake only and from the fear 
of man : how much more easy would it 
bo to refrain from such a practice, if wo 
feared Godl' The captaia swore no 
more while in his company ; and meet- 
ing with him the next day by himself, 
he introduced the subject, confessed 
that he was the most wicked of all men, 
that ho had had a better education ; 
but excused himself by alleging that it 
was a habit, and he could not help it. 

* That, sir,' replied Mr. Thomas, * makes 
your case worse ! If a man gets in- 
toxicated once, that is bad ; but if by a 
succession of acts he has contracted a 
habit of it, and cannot help it, his case 
is bad indeed ! You had better confess 
your sin to God, sir, rather than to 
man ; this he has directed you to do : 
and this is the way to forsake it, and to 
find mercy." 

Here we must again interrupt Mr. 
Fuller's account, to supply a similar 
illustration of Mr. Thomas's character , 
written, we believe, by Dr. Marshman, 
and published in the Friend of India for 
May, 1816. It is as follows: <'In his 
visits in different families, the talent for 
conversation which he possessed, united 
with an unshaken intrepidity whenever 
religion was in any way assailed, rendered 
him highly useful. Dining on one 
occasion with a friend, who had hither- 
to paid little attention to religion, a 
gentleman present made a violent attack 
on divine revelation, which Mr. Thomas 
instantly met ; and the other affecting 
to quote something from the sacred 
scriptures, with the view of ridiculing 
them, which Mr. Thomas knew they 
did not contain, he insisted that it was 
not to be found in them. This being 
! disputed, Mr. Thomas begged his friend 
to silence the dispute by producing & 
bible. This his friend, with regret, 
acknowledged his inability to do ; having 
never possessed one, since he had been 
the master of a family. The feelings 



MSaaOIR OF THE RBY. JOHN TH0MA8. 



iimduig this oircamstanoe, with what 
he had now heard in fiaYour of the 
Mriptores, and Mr. Thomas*! subsequent 
eonYersation, wrought so powerfully on 
lus mind that he immediately procured 
Qoe, and began studying it with the 
Bimoat diligence; and his steady at- 
taadance on the preaching of the word 
efSQ to his death, and his truly Chris- 
tisn conduct, sufficiently evinced that 
his search was not vain.'' 

But we must return to Mr. Fuller's 
Bienioir, which proceeds : — 

^ He was a man to whom no one that 
knew him could feel indifierent. He 
Bust be either liked or disliked. In 
BOit cases his social and affectionate 
oiniage excited attachment ; and even 
where he had given offence to his friends, 
I single interview would often dissipate 
resentment and rekindle former affection. 
''His sympathy and generosity as a 
medical man towards the afflicted 
Hindus, though a luxury to his mind, 
often affected his health: and unless 
gratitude be unknown amongst them, 
(as it is said they have no word in their 
language which expresses the idea) — his 
name will for some time, at least, be 
gratefully remembered. 

^ Truth obliges us to add, his faults 
were considerable. He was of an irri- 
table temper, wanting in economy, and 
more ardent to form great and generous 
plans than patient to execute them. 
These things have occasioned many 
painful feelings, and sevei-al strong ex- 
postulations from his best friends. But 
when we consider the afflktion which 
overtook him in December, 1000, by 
which he was for some weeks in a state 
of complete mental derangement, we 
feel disposed to pity rather than to 
censure him ; as little or no doubt re- 
mains with us that his unevenness of 
mind and temper, with other irreji;u- 
larities, proceeded from a tendency in 
his constitution to that which at length 
CUBS vtpoo him, " 



We may illustrate Mr. Fnller^i last 
remark by an extract from his letter to 
the missionaries at Serampore on hear- 
ing of Mr. Thomas's affliction. " Poor 
brother Thomas T' he writes, '^hio 
afflictions, I am inclined to think, 
account for many of his eccentricities. 
Those seasous of dejection in which he 
could do nothing, and which I once 
thought hard of him for, might be 
owing to something tending to what has 
lately taken place.*' 

Those who have read the account of 
Mr. Thomas presented in the forgoing 
papers will admit the general correct- 
ness of Mr. Fuller's delineation of his 
character. And surely, as a whole, his 
character must command our admira- 
tion and love. The mention of his 
faults with which the extract from Mr. 
Fuller concludes, has, we believe, made 
a deeper impression than was designed.* 
Nearly every passing allusion, which 
has since been made to Mr. Thomas as 
one of the members of the mission, has 
adopted the censure, with little of the 
preceding commendation ; and the result 
is, that our first missionary has been 
one of the least known of the fraternity 
to which he belonged. We are far from 
denying that he was chargeable ^vith 
the faults Mr. Fuller mentions. We 
have not excluded from our account of 
him the particulars of his conduct 
which appear most deserving of blame. 
Yet looking at his character as a wholo, 
and even keeping out of sight the im- 
portant consideration by which Mr. 



• How bighl/ Mr. Fuller iLoUfclit of Mr. Tbomaa 
may bo gathered from a rcforoncc to bim in bie 
pafor on the " 8(alo of tho Baptist Churches in 
Nortbamptonssbirc," vrilteii in 1813. Ho thcie 
says — *• If from each of these churches &bould pro- 
ceed only three or four faithful and useful iniui^tcrs 
of the goiipcl— if, especially, there »bould arls« 
among them only now and then, 'a fruitful lough/ 
say a Thomas, u Carey, a Maisbroan, a Ward, a 
Chamberlain, or a Chatcr, ' whose bra^chea run over 
tilie waJ] ' of Christciuloin ilscVf, v:\\o can t«.V\\\^V% 
thotmlitl" 



8 



HKMOIB OF THE BEY. JOHN THOMAS 



Fuller moderaies the weight of his 
censure, we see nothing in Mr. Thomases 
conduct which justifies the neglect into 
which his memory has been suffered to 
fall He had faults ! and who of his 
brethren at home or abroad had or has 
not ? " He was of an irritable temper/' 
80 have others been, whosp reputation 
has not been seriously blemished by the 
fact. He was '^ wanting in economy : " 
namely, in that economy which could 
render the most scanty supplies suffi- 
cient for the demands of the very per- 
plexing circumstances in which he was 
placed There are not many who could 
have achieved the difficult task. Had 
Mr. Thomas been at first unembarrassed 
by debt, and had he enjoyed the re- 
sources of a missionary in the present 
day, limited as those resources are, 
perhaps but little would have been 
heard of his extravagance. But again, 
he was "more ardent to form groat and 
generous plans than patient to execute 
them.** Here we are at a loss how to 
decide; because we know not the in- 
stances of instability referred to: — to 
all the primary purposes of a mis- 
sionary life, our account sufficiently 
proves that he was faithful to the very 
end. But we did not intend to become 
his apologist. We have done what we 
could to set the facts concerning him 
before the reader; let him judge for 
himself. This only will we say; that 
as he looks over the records we have 
compiled, he may see this irritable man 
"behaving and quieting himself, as a 
child that is weaned of his mother;" 
this extravagant man, willing to become 
the mess-mate of the servants on ship- 
board, that thereby he might go forth 
to preach the gospel to the heathen at 
the least possible cost to the society; 
and this impatient man, "labouring 
and not fainting, for Christ's name- 
sake,'* for fourteen years, before the 
first Hindu was given to his efforts and 
Mr pnjen. Hia record ia on high ; 



and it concerns him not what estim 
we may be disposed to put upon him 

But it does concern us to rem 
honour to whom honour is due. 
concerns the baptist churches in Ben 
to remember him to whom, under Q 
they are indebted for the streams 
salvation which now so freely fertii 
thb dry and barren land. But for hi 
the baptbt mission would have direc 
its energies to some other count 
But for him, its missionaries could i 
have found place in India. May 
not add, that, but for him, the mf 
other missions which have indirec 
resulted from the Baptbt Mission 
Bengal, and which are now might 
influencing the multitudes around 
would not have undertaken this woi 
We well know, indeed, that if God I 
not made Mr. Thomas the instrum< 
of commencing all this good, he mi| 
and would have found other means 
bringing it to pass. But we have 
do, not with what miff /a have b^n, 1 
what, in the wisdom of Qod, teas \ 
method he adopted. 

Before we conclude our sketch of I 
Thomas we must call attention to 
eminent success : — Success which is 
be seen, not in the number of conve 
gathered by his personal ministry, 1 
in the remarkable realization of 1 
hopes he cherished in the early pari 
his missionary career. We find th 
stated in a letter to his brother, da 
August the 2nd, 1791. After intimati 
that he would probably visit his nat 
land in the middle of 1792, he adi 
"My intention is to make types, p 
cure a press, also a fellow-labourer, a 
if I can, establish a fund in Lone 
for the support of the work, and also 
regain my family, and return after ei| 
months' stay in England." When 
wrote this he was alone, striving hx 
to translate portions of the scriptui 
and circulating them in manuscri] 
no Bengali boDk had ever been print 



MEMOIR OF MR. WILLIAM POLLARD. 



ind suitable type was not yet in exist- 
ence. The difficulties in the way of the 
fdfilDient of these intentions must have 
appeared insurmountable, — yet they 
were surmounted. In duo time all the 
mwaa and all the men needed for the 
great work were provided, and before 
his death Mr. Thomas witnessed the 
accomplishment of more than all he had 
piimied. The scriptures were wholly 
tnnslated; the New Testament was 
INil>lished; a laborious band of mission- 
aries was in the field; an increasing 
society of {aithful men, at home was 
pledged to sustain the mission ;— above 
all, God had blessed it, and His word 
WIS being glorified in the sight of the 
heathen. A work was commenced 
which, as he well knew, shall never be 
brou^t to a stand. Still it moves 
onward, and shall do so until Qod's 
purposes of grace towards India are 
an accomplished. Happy man ! Few 
fonn plans like his : few are permitted 
to see their plans so completely success- 
ful In the celebrated words of his 



illustrious colleague, Carey, — and even 
before the words were enunciated by 
Carey, — Mr. Thomas expected great 
things from God ; and attempted great 
things for Qod, and He did not dis- 
appoint His servant's hope. 

It is evident, even from the imperfect 
accounts we have of him, that Mr. 
Thomas was a missionary of excellent 
abilities, as such. We may question if 
his superior as a preacher .to the 
Bengalis has yet appaared. Powerful 
were the impressions which, in his 
happiest efforts, he produced upon his 
hearers. Who shall say that we know 
all the immediate results of his labours ? 
May not some of Qod*s hidden ones 
have been called to the kingdom of his 
Son by his message ? It is very pro- 
bable that this was the case. 

\^'ould that the mantle of Thomas 
were more evidently with his succes- 
sors! A double portion of his spirit 
may well be craved. May it be bestowed 
upon every present agent of the Baptist 
Missionary Society in Bengal ! 



MEMOIR OF MR. WILLIAM POLLARD. 



BY THE BEV. JAMES WEBB. 



Amoso "the children of men" the 
period of dissolution varies from the 
earliest days of infancy to extreme old 
age. So, with respect to *'• the redeemed 
of the Lord,"' analogous dispensations of 
divine Providence remove them hence 
in widely different seasons of Christian 
life. Some of them are taken away in 
the 1)eginning of their sanctified course. 
Thej seek mercy and find it, and, anon, 
their race is run. The blast of death 
withers them while they arc in "the 
hhide." To others a longer pilgrimage 
is assigned ; they have more duties to 
folfil, and more trials to undergo ; but 
ja tbef pass away in. the verdure of 
roc XYtr,—^rounTtr berifs. 



human existence ; they are cut down in 
" the ear." While another class " wait 
upon the Lord," and labour in his 
vineyard through a long series of years 
They grow grey in his service, and their 
" hoary heads " become " crowns of 
righteousness." There is " the full corn 
in the ear," and then the great Master 
"putteth in the sickle, because the 
harvest is come." They are gathered 
to " the dead in Christ " " in a full age, 
like as a shock of corn cometh in in his 
season." To this last description the 
su])ject of the following sketch be- 
longed : — 
William Pollard was \:otti a\. Dfe\ica- 



10 



MBMOIli OF Ma. WILLIAM POLLABD. 



ham, in the ooimtj of Suffolk, in the 
year 1769. His parents then occupied 
a iann of considerable extent in that 
parish; but his father having died 
of a malignant fever in tlie early youth 
of his son, and his mother, some twelve 
months after this event, having, un- 
happily, entered into a second and an 
unsuitable marriage, the first years of 
our friend's life were passed amid 
chequered and trying scenes. In his 
twelfth year he quitted the home of his 
mother, and for eleven subsequent years 
was engaged in f&rming occupations, in 
which, by diligent and faithful service, 
he commended himself to the confidence 
and esteem of his employers. At the 
expiration of this period, in the year 
1792, the all-wise God directed his 
steps to Ipswich, where, for nine fol- 
lowing years, he sedulously toiled, and 
by carefully husbanding his resources, 
he managed to acquire a little property. 

About the beginning of this century 
he entered into partnership with a 
gentleman, resident in Ipswich, in the 
malting and com trade ; and two or 
three years afterwards a second gentle- 
man united himself with the firm. An 
early death removed the former of the 
two ; with the latter he remained con- 
nected in business for many years. 

While living at Debenham, the subject 
of this memoir, though never grossly 
immoral, yet lived " without God in the 
workL" In a paper written by himself, 
he mournfully records the fact that his 
oompanions were ungodly, and his 
sabbaths misspent. On his settluig in 
Ipswich, while his heart continued un- 
ohanged, and was eagerly fixed on the 
acquisition of earthly treasure, his 
habits became more sedate, and he 
b^gan to frequent the house of God 
where, under the ministry of the late 
Mr. Atkinson, he heard truths to which, 
till then» he had been weU-nigh an 
entire stranger. Gradually, serious 
Iwtight coRoerDing the lupreme worth 



of the soul was awakened in his mis 
and he became deeply sensible of t 
necessity of preparation for a dyi 
hour. Under the influence of th< 
reflections his attendance on the servii 
of the sanctuary became regular: a 
although wo have not the means 
distinctly tracing his religious hist< 
at this remote period, there is gc 
reason to conclude that, through 1 
ministrations of Mr. Atkinson, he v 
led by the Holy Spirit to find peace 
the Saviour. Some time afterwards 
worshipped in the baptist chapel 
Stoke-Green, and was baptized and 
ceived into meml)ership with the chui 
assembling there by its pastor, I 
George Hall, in February, 1800. 

In the month of Kovember, 1801, 
married Miss Mary Harrison ; bat 1 
gladness of his nuptial day was done 
by a most solemn and affecting calami 
On her own wedding day, and in oo 
pany with herself, a sister of his br 
was also married; but death, w 
terrible suddenness, broke the mat 
menial tie as soon as it was forme 
for, on the evening of the same day, tl 
sistej^was a corpse. This mourn 
evenjithrcw a shade of depression o 
the future life of our friend's cons< 
Seven children were the fruit of t 
union, all of whom their father survivi 
three of them were cut off in th 
infancy, and the others, at distant 
tervals, it was his painful lot to foU 
to the grave. The last was taken fr 
him in 1835, by lingering consumpti 
But although he sufiered the s* 
bereavement of all his children, yet 
grief was softened by hope. His infi 
offspring he oould entrust to the me: 
of a covenant God ; and to this mei 
he had good reason to believe that th* 
who grew up had entrusted themseln 

The growing excellence of his d 
raoter, as well as the possession 
sundry other ^ninent qualificationa : 
that oflloe, induoed the ehurch to i 



MSMOIR OF MR. WILLIAM POLLARD. 



11 



point him as one of its deacons in the 
jtu 1806, and which office he most 
boDourabljand osefoUj sustained among 
then ontil his death. 

Distingoished by the same vigour and 
integrity which had marked the earlier 
pirt of his history (but which were now« 
indeed, based on firmer principles) he 
nooeasfully pursued his career as a 
merchant for a very lengthened period. 
Bat for several years previously to 1833, 
Hid likewise in that year, the firm of 
which he was a member, owing, in part, 
to the great fluctuations which, during 
that time, the com trade underwent, 
nstained very heavy losses. It was, 
therefore, deemed expedient to dissolve 
the existing partnership, and which 
viB accordingly effected. Happily, 
tte injury sustained was confined to 
the firm itself; no one else suffered. 



discontent And that Qod whom he so 
faithfully served, deigned to crown 
his renewed exertions with success ; and 
although he did not regain his previous 
mercantile eminence, he nevertheless 
pursued 'Hhe even tenor of his way'* 
throughout the remaining jrears of his 
earthly sojourn in circumstances of 
great comfort and tranquillity. 

Early in January, 1843, the wife of 
his youth, who had shared with him 
the joys and sorrows of life for forty-one 
years, was separated from him by the 
stoke of death. And he who had seen 
every one of his children fall by the 
power of "the last enemy," had now to 
commit the mortal remains of their 
beloved mother to the tomb. He was 
once more alone in the world. 

Oft has the writer of these pages 
looked with touching interest upon the 



While by this calamity the property of • man who, by the discipline of a wise 
hit partner was diminished, his own, far ' and gracious Qod, had been stripped of 



\m ample, was entirely swept away ; 
bat his rectitude was neither impeached 
nor suspected. The manner in which 



his property, and bereaved of all his 
children and his wife, when he saw with 
what calm resignation this " father in 



he passed through this trying season, I Christ '* (although possessed of deep 
together with the high respect which ■ sensibility of feeling) bore himself under 
his general character had won, speedily visitations which would have sorely 



twakened much sympathy on his behalf. 
His friends cordially rallied round him, 
md two of their number generously 
iffordcd him very important aid. To 
the conduct of these individuals towards 
him, our friend was wont to refer in 
terms of profound respect and gratitude. 



chafed a spirit less implicitly confiding 
in infinite goodness and love. 

In December, 18-13, ho formed a 
second matrimonial alliance with Mrs. 
Goldsmith, the relict of the Rev. Thomas 
Goldsmith, a very deservedly esteemed 
minister of our denomination, who had 



He was thus enabled to prosecute his i laboured many years in this county ; 
vocation as a com merchant ; and : and of whom an obituary was inserted 



while, necessarily, his operations were 
confined within a more limited sphere, 
and his position in society became some- 



inthis periodical, in the number for April, 
1842. Since this lady survives to mourn 
the loss of a second companion, regaiti 



what less elevated than formerly, yet he | to the delicacy of her feelings forbids 
bore the reverses to which, in the dis- ■ extended remark on this connection, 
pensations of Providence, he was called ' We may, however, l)e allowed to state 
on to submit in the blended temper of that her kind and affectionate attcn- 
msgnanimity and meekness. He had tions towards him served to smooth the 
not been dazzled by the glare of pro- i path, and multiply the enjoyments of 
•perity, and* in the day of oomjr>aratire 'our venerable brother duriii^ l\\<i Va&t 
nimvit^^ mnAmfyx>tn th^ gioom of jears of his pilgrimage. 



18 



MEMOIR OF MR, WILLIAM POLLARD. 



In the month of February, 1849, our 
friend having completed the fiftieth 
year of his membership with the church 
at Stoke GrecD, a jubilee service mras 
held in commemoration of that event. 
A goodly number of the members, both 
of the church and congregatioD, grati- 
fied with such an opportunity of mark- 
ing their sense of his worth, took tea in 
the chapel on that occasion, when 
sundry addresses, suited to the peculiar 
and interesting circumstances under 
which the meeting took place, were 
delivered. 

Down to extreme old age his bodily 
and mental powers maintained a degree 
of vigour unusual at that period of life. 
But still the infirmities of multiplied 
years, although slowly, began to creep 
over him ; and during the winter 
before the last, indisposition and weak- 
ness were often his lot ; on the return 
of summer, however, he rallied again ; 
but in the ensuing winter similar attacks 
became more frequent and severe ; and 
notwithstanding he recruited a little in 
the openiog of summer, it now became 
evident that he was sinking, and would 
soon " finish his course," Nevertheless, 
throughout this protracted period of 
feebleness, he continued to give some 
attention to business, and was more 
generally found once in the sanctuary on 
the sabbath. And he was there on the 
morning of the one that preceded his 
death, which occurred, rather suddenly 
and unexpectedly at the last, at an early 
hour on Lord's day, the 28th of August, 
in the year which has just ended. 
He was scarcely confined to his bed for 
a single entire day, so strongly did his 
vigorous constitution grapple with dis- 
ease and decay. During the few closing 
months of his earthly existence his 
mental fiiculties were much impaired; 
and, conscious of his inability to engage 
therein, he shrank from much conversa- 
tion. He did not attain to ecstasy, or 
evBD Jojr, the lack of which he often 



deplored ; still his hope in " the gloric 
gospel of Christ '* was usually firm, a 
his mind tranquil. Frequently to t 
writer and others, did he avow thi 
conscious of his utter unworthiness, 
trusted for salvation to *Hhe precic 
blood of Christ" alone. The humil 
which had distinguished him throu 
life "clothed" him to the grave. 
£hort time before his death he exclaim< 
" AU is well." 

In the unavoidable absence of his pi 
tor, who was several hundred miles frc 
home when thcdeath of his muchestoe 
ed friend occurred, his mortal remai 
were interred in the Stoke-Green bur 
ground on Saturday, the 4th of Septei 
her, and his death improved on t 
following Lord's day by Mr. Elven, 
Bury, who had long known and valu 
him, in a discourse from the latter pt 
of John xi. 11, addressed to probablj 
larger audience than had ever befc 
assembled within the chapel, while soi 
were seated on forms outside, and oth< 
were compelled to retire. Among tl 
dense crowd of listeners there was oi 
a domestic who had faithfully serv 
him sundry years, and by whom she h 
been highly prized, who then enter 
" the house of God," where she also h 
long worshipped and communed, for t 
last time. She has since yielded up I 
spirit, sleeps, wo trust, together wi 
himself in Jesus, and her body 1 
interred near that of her late honoui 
master. 

The character of our departed frie 
was eminently marked by the followi 
qualities : — 

JFinmiess, 

One had only to see him to be assur 
that he had this property. Like m< 
persons of his make, ho was, perha 
occasionally, rather too firm, Bi 
happily, his thorough decision i« 
blended with great practical wisdoi 
An4 to their unku he owed, in lar 



MEMOIR OF MB. WILLIAM POLLABP. 



13 



measure, the sacccss which he attained 
in the business of life ; while, thereby, 
in the church privileged with his 
deaconal services, he was enabled to 
withstand much evil, and to accomplish 
mach good. He was not accustomed to 
waste his firmness on trifles; he generally 
reserved it for matters of importance. 
With regard to the former he couJd be 
fdiant as the willow ; in relation to the 
latter he was stable as the oak. 

IntegrUif. 

Few men have had more. The writer 
does not simply mean that '^common 
honesty '* which consists in a man's pay- 
ing his just debts (although one could 
wish that this quality were somewhat 
more common among professing Chris- 
tians), but rather that lofty and unbend- 
ing principle which takes iirm hold of 
lectitude and exhibits it, in its finer 
forms, amid the varied scenes and 
minate details of human life. 

He emphatically 'Moved righteous- 
ness." What he seemed to be he was. 
He bore no resemblance to the pool of 
water, shallow, and clear perchance, 
with a thick layer of mud at the bottom ; 
his likeness was found in the calm ocean 
waters reposing on their rocky bed. He 
utterly scorned the selfishness that 
meanly calculates, the cowardice that 
Ekolks, and the slander that, serpent- 
like, creeps and hisses. One might 
traly say of him, ** Behold an Israelite 
indeed, in whom is no guile ! " 

Kindness, 

It is no uncommon thing for in- 
dividuals, in whom the features of 
character to which we have already 
adverted are fairly developed, to be 
deficient in this. In the temper and 
conduct of Mr. Pollard these qualities 
were fully united. Beneath a somewhat 
rigid exterior there throbbed a feeling 
heart He iwalked by the rule of equity, 
and " the law of kindness, " dictated by \ 



genuine love, was ^4n his tongue.*' 
" The poor and the needy " out of the 
church, and especially those within it, 
found a friend and helper in him. 
Perhaps there are not many churches 
in which 'Uhe poor of the flock" are 
more cared for than in that at Stoke- 
Qreen; and this circumstance may be 
attributed, in no slight degree, to his 
benevolent example and influence. 

Regular aUe^idivvcc on the meam of gr(we. 

He was, in this respect, an eminent 
pattern to his fellow members. He 
acted like one who felt that there ¥ras 
a delightful meaning in the words, 
'^ Blessed are they that dwell in thy 
house : they will be still praising Thee.'* 
And he did not content himself (as, 
alas, too many of the members of our 
churches do) with being constantly 
found in the sanctuary on the Lord*s 
day ; but at the services held on week- 
day evenings he was habitually present. 
If his place were vacant, when he was 
in usual health, well did his pastor 
know that some better-looking reason 
than a thick fog, a falling shower, the 
call of a friend, or the ordinary pressure 
of business could be jassigned for his 
absence. And he had his reward; for 
largely did he realize the truth of that 
promise : " Those that be planted in the 
house of the Lord shall flourish in the 
courts, of our God." 

An hxunhle ami a devoiU spirit. 

Our venerable brother was eminently 
a man of God, Uis disposition was to 
some extent retiring, and that disposi- 
tion sprang, in the main, from his 
humility. Uis thoughts of himself were 
low, and his words were, therefore, com- 
paratively few. lie prized communion 
with God, and he sought it in his bible 
and his closet. While he greatly loved 
" the house of the Lord," and the social 
prayer-meeting, yet they did not con- 
stitute the whole of liis te\\ftvo\3LS ^^- 



14 



MEMOIR OF MR. WILLUM POLLARD. 



ercises. Thej were a public expression 
of the feelings and habits which he 
cultivated in private : so the quiet 
stream, which has wended its course 
beneath the underwood of the glen and 
through the seclusion of the grove, flows, 
in calm beauty and wider breadth, into 
the open plain. 

Throughout his long life the political 
opinions of the subject of this sketch 
were of a liberal kind ; and on all occa- 
sions which he deemed suitable, he gave 
a practical expression of them. But 
his cherished tastes and habits little 
agreed with the arena of civil excite- 
ment and strife ; and he, therefore, 
rathershunned than sought it. Prompted 
by similar feelings, while most con- 
scientiously and thoroughly a dissenter 
from the established church of this 
country, he did not enter into any of 
those measures which have, of late, been 
adopted to effect its separation from the 
state. The writer records this circum- 
stance as a fact ; he does not hold it up 
as an example. Our deceased friend 
avoided doctrinal extremes of either 
class. He was a decided Oalvinist of 
the Puritan school. He did not plead 
the doctrines of discriminating mercy 
and the obligations of man against each 
other; he pleaded for them bcth as harmo- 
nizing the prerogatives of the covenant 
Qod with those of the moral Qovemor. 
He was, from deep conviction, a baptist, 
and like the church, of which he was so 
distinguished a member, a strict bap- 
tist. He sustained the office of deacon 
therein during the unusually long 
period of forty-six years. Amid the 
fluctuations which befell the church 
within this date, his counsels, labours, 
and example were invaluable. And, 
probably, never has the deacon of a 
church possessed, in a greater degree 
than our friend realized them, the 
mingled love and confidence of his 



pastor, his brother oflicers, and th 
members of the community. To th 
various interests and public societies c 
his own denomination he was a sincer 
and devoted friend. He assiduousl; 
and successfully sought the weUiEure o 
our body in his native country ; and ii 
proportion to his means, he was : 
generous contributor to the funds o 
our institutions designed to spread th 
glad tidings of salvation, both at horn 
and abroad. In virtue of the importan 
services which he had rendered to ou 
Foreign Mission, he was for many year 
placed on the list of its Committee a 
an honorary member. But while quit 
decided in all the religious sentiment 
and usages which he deemed worth hi 
adoption (as, in truth, every man shoul 
be) his heart was expansive in it 
charity. He was too much of the Ohiif 
tian to be anything of the bigot. H 
therefore cordially loved all good mei 
whatever name they bore ; and rejoice 
in the success of their efforts to promot 
the glory of Christ. While by no moan 
heedless of the livertf worn, he though 
much more of the servant who wor 
it. 

Our beloved friend has passed away 
but the fragrance of his memory wi 
long breathe in the circle where h 
moved. While his humble spirit woul 
have shrunk from contemplating th 
picture of himself which we have drawr 
and his eye would much rather hav 
rested on the felt imperfections of hi 
character, yet he would have been th 
first to ascribe anything good in hino 
self to the pure grace of the Savioui 
Let us do likewise; let us "glorif 
God ** in him : and, in addition, seek t 
copy ^his bright example, so that w* 
also, " through faith and patience," ma 
'' inherit the promises.*' 

Ipswichy Dec. 1853. 



10 



BRITISH HOUSEHOLD MISSION. 



I 






8irGaE8TI058 FOB A KEW BOCIETT 

I. The present supply of evangelical 
agencj in the households of England is 
iudequate as respects the area and 
pc^lation of the kingdom. 

A line of twentj-fiye miles in length 
maj be drawn on the map of many 
English counties, along which no ren- 
iadifd gospel agency whatever is to be 
(bond. 

Numerous areas of twelve square 
miles each may be pointed out, com- 
prising small towns, villages, or sea- 
portSi in the same destitute condition. 

In many other districts the popula- 
tioa is becoming grouped around new 
oentres of industry, whilst the means of 
Christian instruction lag for a whole 
generation behind the efforts of com- 
mercial enterprise. 

In proof of these remarks I can refer 
to the western counties ; and from 
lome inquiries made, I do not think 
thej arc less favoured than the midland 
lod northern portions of England. 
The results of the last census show the 
tendency to aggregation in the dwelling- 
hiibits of the people ; and all persons are 
now aware that without special pro- 
Tisions such aggregations are fatal to 
life, physical, moral, and spiritual. 

II. No existing organization (save 
that of the whole church itself) proposes 
to supply this want. 

Thi national establishment does not do 
it. Nominally' complete, yet it is so 
only in shadowy outline. Like the city 
of Washington, it is magnificent prin- 
dptlly in its empty spaces ; and, more 
direful still, in many cases its operations 
are retentive of the spiritual darkness ; 
as though the public lighthouses should 
be not only too wide apart, but be 
furnished with blackened reflectors. 

Wedei^anism does not do it. The 
admirable aims and efforts of this com- 



BT B. R. PATTISOir, ESQ. 



wholly or principally poor. The Chris 
tian church has delegated much to it» 
and abstained from interfering with its 
efforts; but now the aggressive character 
and ^ower of methodism are gone, and 
the field still shows uncultivated patches. 

Other nancan/ormitta have not done 
it. The eight hundred home missionary 
stations of the congregationalists, the 
fewer still of the baptists, are but so 
many efforts, too praiseworthy to be 
disregarded but too puny to be accepted 
with complacency. 

It is not done by existing evangelical 
village churches. These lights are barely 
supported by the efforts of all the torch- 
bearers, and but few of them can make 
any effort for the outer darkness beyond 
their own immediate sphere. 

III. The supply cannot be obtained 
by the contributions of the people who 
are the subjects of the destitution. 

There is of course an entire want of 
apprehension as to the necessity and 
value of religious agency. We must not 
expect to '^ gather grapes from thorns." 

But there is also the obstacle pre- 
sented by the pauperism of the rural 
and operative population, and to this I 
must beg special attention. 

One million of persons in England 
and Wales receive public parochial relief 
every day. Three millions receive such 
relief at some time in the course of one 
year; and about one half of the whole la- 
bouring agricultural population become 
paupers at some time in their lives. 
The paupers in England during one 
year are one in six on the whole popu- 
lation, and the proportion of relief to 
each pauper is £1 lo^. 11^ per annum, 
and to each unit of the whole people 
GdT. \d. Only one twelfth of this relief 
is given in workhouses. More need 
not be adduced to prove that the actual 



Unation are not available in a district J pecamary couditioa of ihe \a\MAXTViv\& 



16 



A NEW YEAR'S SOLILOQUY. 



agrioaltaral population of our klDgdom 
requires that religious agency for its 
benefit must be provided gratuitously. 

lY. In the present and probable 
future actual condition of the Christian 
church the required evangelical agency 
must be unsectarian and pulpit-denying, 
in order to obtain adequate general co- 
operation, acceptance, and support. 

The tendency of the efibrt would be \ 
not to supersede but to augment the 
necessity for the ministry of the word. , 
Besides the concurrent operation of the 
Holy Spirit, nothing so promotes the 
utility of Qod*s great ordinance of 
preaching as instructed auditories. 

y. The area and population of the 
registration districts, for births, mar- 
riages, and deaths, will afTord a fair 
basis for the districts required ; one half 
of these, including most of the large 
towns, may be assumed at present to be 



supplied, and such supplies would soon 
become affiliated with the more general 
organization. 

VI. The experience of city and 
town missionary societies leads to the 
conclusion, that for such an agency 
pecuniary support would be found with- 
out diminishing the resources now com- 
manded by other religious institutions. 

VII. I refrain from occupying space 
and attention by extended exposition oi 
illustration, but desire to submit the 
following • — 

T/tat the gratuitous supply of ChrMan 
instruction froii hou^ to house, through- 
out the rural and operative population oj 
the kingdom, on a plan similar to that sc 
opportundy commenced and auspicioud^ 
prosecuted hy tJu London City Mission, u 
the present duty of the churches of Chrisi 
in England and Wales, 

London, December 8, 1853. 



A NEW YEAR'S SOLILOQUY. 



Blbsb the Lord, my soul ; and all 
that is within me bless his holy 
name. The year 1853 has passed 
away, with all its wants, perplexities, 
and toils. At its commencement, how 
uncertain was I what I should have to 
endure during its course, or in what 
condition I should be at its close! 
Whether I should bo among the living 
now or among those who sleep, whether 
I should be an active responsible agent 
or shut up in some asylum for those 
who are deprived of reason, whether I 
should continue to possess my eyesight, 
my hearing, my ability to speak, to 
walk, and to labour, or should become 
entirely dependent and helpless, whether 
my valued family connexions should 
still surround me or should be torn 
horn me by death ; these and innumer- 
able other things affecting my well 
being, were twelve months ago all 
doalMtJ. Bat gaodnesB and mercy 



have followed me. How much do 1 
still enjoy for which I* am indebted t< 
divine benignity ! How important i 
stage of my perilous journey has beei 
accomplished in safety ! Bless the Lord 
my soul. Now I enter on 1854 
Through what scenes shall I have passoi 
before it terminates? What or wher 
shall I be at its conclusion ? All fled 
is grass ; but the Lord livetb, and hi 
is the Rock of my salvation. B3 no 
cast down, my soul ; bo not anxioa 
for the morrow. The God who has carw 
for mc, guided me, and sustained mc 
is still the Supreme, the Almight} 
the Everlasting Qod. My Redecme 
is still the Advocate with the Fathei 
"able to save them to the uttermos 
that come unto God by him, seeuig h 
ever liveth to make intercession fo 
them." Halleluiah; the Lord Go* 
omnipotent reigneth. Bless the Lord 
j my Botkl. 



17 



ryPUBLISHED POETRY BY THE LATE REV. F. A. COX, D.D., LL.D. 

TWIT PBEACHIffG. 



Tax mmaatta bright and bMQt«oiu day 

Waa baatlBg to Mm doae, 
Xnd snirvnal natiirt laj 

In aoft and tweet repoee. 

BcBote from pompe and llfe'f parade. 

Behold a wjlnn seene. 
Where the denae forest eeata itR shade 

Upon the Tillaee green. 

And ioon the baaj hands of men. 

On hearenlj purpose bent, 
PHed their important task, aud then 

Uprears a spadoas tent ! 

People from all the hamlot ronnd. 

From garden, field, and cot, 
Loied by the sight, or bj the sound. 

Moved towards the ehosen spot. 

Maidena and joaths from many a fsrm, 

The niatie gronp composed ; 
And sheltered bj a mother's arm, 

9weet lolkney reposed. 

Tvas not the tented field of strife, 

Where hostile foroes meet, 
Xor for the gaieties of life. 

Where danee and moslc greet; 

Bat for the senrice of the Lord 

They sought this solitude ; 
'Twaa for the preaching of his word. 

To th' ignorant and rude. 

Tlie pulpit, as in sacred writ 

We read, where Ezra stood, 
The humble s&nctaary to fit. 

Was simply formed of wood. 

And thence to unaccustomed e&rn. 

Eternal troths were told ; 
Appealing to the hopes and fearw 

Of sinners base and bold. 



I eaw the first rude laugh of scorn 

By slow degrees subside ; 
As billows by the winds upborne 

Fall in the ebbing tide. 

I Ksw each penitential tear, 
That never fiowed till then ; 

Qems that will ever more appear 
On Christ's own diadem. 

Aud tbere were hovering angels by, 
Who watched the spreading leavou ; 

Who saw the tear and heard the sigh. 
And boie the news to heaven. 

Send fh)m above, O Ood of grace ! 

The showers of blessings down. 
To sanctify the barren place. 

Where seeds of truth are sown. 

O let the wildemesees bloom 
With heavenly verdure (hir; 

plant amidst the moral gloom 
The rote of Sharon there. 

But will the mighty God indeed. 
Descend with men to dwell : 

And will ho hear us pray and plead. 
In cottage, field, or doll? 

He will ! for with compassion fra\iglit. 

By way or mountain side, 
Tlie Savioar tiius bin goi>pel taaght 

At mom or eventide. 

Swept feliowi»hip of soul, to mako 

Our toil and aim like his ; 
And in ojiT measure to partake, 

Ilia boundless sympathies. 

1 lure the tent's simplicity ! 

Nor pomp, nor pride, nor dre««, 
Attend this hambio ministry 
In the lone wildemei>s. 






I 



THE OOfJPFL. 



'Mmer the retiring shades of night. 
How brightly shines the morning star ; 
Bat amidst heathen gloom, the light 
Of goepel truth is brighter far. 

The dew descends and softly fills 
With Creehentng life each flower that piued : 
Bat richer influence truth distill*, 
Through the rtceesea of the mind. 

The aoft winds sound in every pkce. 
Like Btraioa of mnsie sweet and free ; 
Bat Ja tbm Ootpml't words otgnee 
nmnl§ dirJn^r m«lodf. 
rau xnr, — fourth fiKMmn. 



The river widening as it goci>, 
Blesses the land, and swells the seas, 
Bat there's a nobler river flows 
In Gospel truths and promlsea. 

Shine on! Bhine on ! thou glorious star. 
Descend on all, ye heavenly dews ! 
Ve words of grace — liko winds from far, 
Through every language truth transfuse. 

River of life ! the fountain head. 
Prom Zion'g city, onward roll I 
Till light, and Joy, and TCTdure tvicu^i, 
From land to land, fronv vo\« to vo\*. 



Ifi 



REVIEWS. 



.( Memoir of ih§ lAfe and Laioun of the ' comment of hii own, 10 Bil&ah M as in 
Rev. Adoniram Jtidton, D.D. Dp Fran- i some measure at first to orette in ha 
CIS Watland, D.D., President of Drown < readers a feeling of disappointment 
University, ^c. London : Nisbet. 2 voU. | gy^Q where explanatioDS MTO VS^pured, 
8 vc, pp. 440, 420. Price 12#. ! they are given in the briefest fomi. It is 

Dr. Watland has raised in these ; Judson that speaks everywhers. He 
volumes a fitting memorial to the great i moves before you in the panorama of 
and good man who is the subject of j his missionary life, addressii^ yon in 
them. A certain congeniality of mind ' his own rapid and manly way. li is his 
and character is apparent in the two j own words which tell you of his con- 
men, by which the survivor is eminently i flicts, his high purposes, his many 
adapted to become the biographer of his j Jabours, his long enduranoe of discou- 
friend. Both are marked- by masculine | ragement, and his patient fidth. You 
strength and ruggedness. The philoso- j see the little church that God permitted 
pher and the missionary belong to the j him to plant growing up vader hh fos- 
same class, and the artist is in full sym- : tering care, and are able for yourself to 
pathy with the subject he has to depict, j judge the value of the labmirs to which 

It is but seldom wc rise from a work • his long life was given, 
of biography with so vivid an imprcs- i It was at the request of (he executive 
sion. Dr. , Wayland's portraiture of of the Ameriioan Baptist Missionary 



Judson has all the force, distinctness, 
and truth of the finest Daguerreotype. 
Tou feel that you know the man who 
led the way in American missionary 
enterprise. He stands out from the 
page in unmistakable worth, a true 
man, noble of heart, courageous in spi- 
rit, devout, humble, holy. No doubt 
lingers in the mind that the apostle of 
Burmah was a great man, eminently 
endowed, and divinely called to the 
work he did, and did so successfully and 
well. 

Dr. Wayland has succeeded in his 
difficult task, not by a minute analysis 
of the man the story of whose life he 
had to relate. He does not, as some 
recent biographers of great men have 
done, fill his pages with disquisitions on 
the virtues and excellencies which 
adorned the character of his friend, 
such as mar the value of the memoir 
of the late revered Pye Smith, of fra- 
grant and holy memory. The preddent 
ofBrowB Unifenity ia ioott sparing of 



Union that Dr. Wayland undertook to 
prepare the memoir. He a|it>oiiM^^ 
that he should find a laige Mass of 
private memoranda and letters from 
the hand of Judson ; but in this he was 
disappointed. All Judson'ssariy corre- 
spondence was destroyed at his own 
earnest request. He feare4 the stimulus 
of human applause. Posthumous praise 
he dreaded as much as th^ plaudits <^ 
contemporaries. By urgeol entraaties, 
and in one case by express stipulation, 
he procured the destruction of every 
letter and private document which the 
love or admiration of friends and rela- 
tives had treasuired up. Mrs. Ann H. 
Judson also destroyed, during the eap- 
tivity at Ava, all the letters in her pos- 
session ; while many more perished by 
fire in Maulmain, or by shipwreck. Dr. 
Wayland was thus thrown on Judson's 
official correspondence. But his chiefest 
resource was in the deeply interesting 
remmisoenies of Mrs. Emily Judson, 
which ooni^tuto % mmfc %Mm«iCv^ 



LIFIS AKD LABOURS OF DH. JUDSON. 



19 



I 



potlien of Uie tolumM. But^ ootwltli- 
sbnitfiig the defioiencj ef material, the 
dbahMcar of I>r. Jodson stands out with 
mMrteUoua diitinctness. The loss of 
hk pthnM papers Is soaroely felt, 
fhs ifitrha, tlie ftith, the results of 
Jadton'siAisskttaiylifeare imperishable. 

Ihe fire ef missioimrf zeal had just 
been kindled in the hearts of a few 
fMnK men at Andover, when in Sep- 
tember, 1808^ BniAtenan's ''Star in the 
lbt%" tdl into Jodson's hands, and 
iaAieeA fefleetien on his duty to the 
heathen. His age was twenty. At that 
tfaae he was marked by slmplioity of 
cka#Mlef, ewneatness ef pufpoSe, and 
fci fSfel mre to Olirist. Mis mhid soon 
nadied de^iion, and from that day he 
fuisued tmMteringly tlie great object 
cf Ids life. The state of the heathen 
ngrosaed his theoghts night and day. 
fifery woik deseriptiYe of pagan lands 
and people was diligently sought and 
nsd. Ftom the first, his predilections 
leie lor the Bast He quickly became 
ttweialed with the little band in the 
Mmnny. With Bfills, Rice, Nott, 
Richards^ and Hall, he gare himself to 
BiBsionafl^ work. All irere pledged to 
go on a mnsioh|to the heathen, ''when 
lad where duty may caD." 

The object of these deyoted young 
nen et^Jc^ed at that time but little 
ffmpttliy among the churches of Ame- 
iiea» Neither eengregationalists nor 
HaptisCe felt snfficiently the force of the 
obligation ef Christ's last command, and 
they wefe with difficulty brought to a 
eonsidenitien of the matter. Prudence 
and fear of failure predominated. But 
notlung could withstand the zeal of the 
assoeiajtecl brethren. They brought the 
Mattel hf H memorial before the Gene- 
fil Assioeiaiien of Massachusetts, and 
the appMcaHon resulted in the forma- 
tion of the American Board of GonmiiiB- 
ikMiefe for Foreigtt Missions. 



London Missionary Society would afford 
the new board assistance. Its members 
thought that the wealth of Bn^and 
must be relied upon for the enterprise, 
and were prepared to act merely as an 
auxiliary to the English society. He 
sailed in January, Idll. With this 
▼oyage began Judson's eventful career. 
The ship in which he sailed was cap- 
tured by a French priTateer, and her 
passengers imprisoned in Fhmce. It 
was not till the 3rd of May that the 
candidate for mission service arrived in 
England. He lost no time in present- 
ing his credentials to the London Mis- 
sionary Society. He was received with 
the greatest kindness, and he and his 
brethren were shortly appointed mis- 
sionaries to the heathen in their service. 

It does not appear that Judson wished 
to be supported from England . It would 
seem rather that he received this ap- 
pointment as a last resort, in case the 
American board should decline to es- 
tablish a mission. The refusal of the 
London society to admit the American 
board to any participation in the direc- 
tion, led the descendants of the pilgrim 
Others to the resolve to undertake the 
mission alone, and to the engagement 
of Judson and his companions. Thus, 
through the providence of Qod, foreign 
missionary enterprise was originated in 
the United States, and the decision of 
Judson gave to it independence of 
English assistance and control. 

In February, 1812, all things were 
ready ; NeWell and Judson sailed with 
their wives from Salem ; and Nott, 
Hall, and Rice, with their partners, 
from Philadelphia. Id June, the first 
party arrived in Calcutta, and the rest 
in the following month. The chief 
event of the voyage was the study of 
the question of infiemt baptism. Mr. 
Judson anticipated interviews with the 
Serampore brethren. How cowld bft 
meet their arguments 1 and tcft ^ %c^ 
he^ g&re hiiueett emonaY^ V> V^ 



ao 



LIFE AND LABOURS OF 1>R. JUDSON. 



cousideratiun of the subject. Uis ex- 
pectation was disappointed. Not one 
word did tlio Serampore missionaries 
■ay upon the topic that engaged his 
mind; and greatly astonished were 
they to receive from him and jVIrs. Jud- 
son, soon after their landing, an appli- 
cation for baptism. This could not be 
denied them ; but its result was an 
immediate separation from the board 
under whose auspices they had left 
America for the East. Must Judson, 
then, return to his native land? To 
take this course he was extremely re- 
luctant. It was at last resolved to send 

• 

letters from the Serampore brethren, by 
the hands of Mr. Rice, who had also 
changed his views, which, aided by the 
personal representations of Mr. Rice, it 
was hoped would awaken the baptist 
churches of America to their duty. Such 
was the result. The dormant energies of 
the American churches were awakened. 
The English baptists, by the pen of 
Fuller, refused them aid, and advised 
them to independent action. Thus Pro- 
vidence left them no option. Societies 
were formed in various parts of the 
United States, contributions were raised, 
and the baptists of America entered on 
that work of faith in Burmah, in China? 
and elsewhere, which Qod has so largely 
recognized and blessed. Thus, from Dr. 
Judson came the impulse which caused 
these two great sections of the Christian 
church in America to embark in the 
missionary enterprise. 

The attention of Mr. and Mrs. Jud- 
son was now turned towards Burmah, 
where already a mission had been com- 
menced by the Serampore brethren. 
On the 13th of July, 1813, they " made 
their first home in Burmah in the bap- 
tist mission house, occupied by Felix 
Carey," and commenced that series of 
labours and tracts whichl constitutes 
one of the most soul-stirring narratives 
wJiidi modem migaionB can present. It 
^ not possible in a few 



to relate the eventful story. Wo cannot 
condense into our limited space the his- 
tory of years of holy toil, of gradually 
increasing success; nor depict those 
fearful scenes of suffering and impriBOii- 
ment, of heroic endurance and femak 
devotion, which Ava and the jail at 
Oung-pen-la witnessed. For all these 
exciting incidents we must refer to the 
volumes of Dr. Wayland. They cannot 
be related in more impressive language 
than is found in the pages before oa, in 
the very words of the acton and suffer- 
ers themselves. 

The estimate which the President has 
formed of Judson*s character and la- 
bours is a high one, yet not higher, we 
conceive, than the &ots justify. It can- 
not be questioned that Dr. Judson was 
a man of great intellectual powers; 
perhaps more discriminating than pro- 
found, yet capable of the noblest efforts 
Imaginative he was not There was 
too much seriousness of purpose to 
allow him to indulge in the playful 
regions of &ncy; and his deep oonsoien- 
tiousness pre8er\'ed him from the least 
attempt to set forth his labours and the 
eventful incidents of his life in any but 
the plainest prose. Tet his style of 
relation with all its simplicity presents 
a vivid picture of his toil and its results, 
and by its vigour of expression, charac- 
teristic of the vigour of his mind, fixes 
the attention and arrests the heart of 
his readers. Yet his conversation is 
said to have been remarkably lively, 
oftentimes fanciful, and his preaohiog 
by no means wanting in imagery and 
felicitous illustration. 

Of the motive forces of Jndson's 
mind, Dr. Wayknd thus speaks >- 

''Of these, the most oonspieuoos in 
the early part of his life was an intense 
love of superiority. He was ever 
striving to do what others had not 
done, or could not do. Every whare it 
was his aim, thongjh always by hondmr- 
ableinfiana,to\)a^to%Eill, TQa&a^&sByv 



IiIF£ AND LABOURS OF DR. JUDSON. 



21 



stion instead of being checked, was 
eolitTated hy his fitther. Hence the 
exoesaTe exultation which both of them 
tit when he received the first appoint- 
ment in his dasB. This element of cha- 
neter, though modified and purified by 
idi^oii, remained with him to the last. 
Hoioe his preference to preach ChriBt 
where he had never been named. Hence 
Iw desire to give to a nation that had 
sever known of an eternal God their 
fini version of his revealed will. Hence, 
too^ his extreme care in the translation, 
and his ceaseless labour in revision. No 
pains seemed to him too great if they 
odI J tended to realize his idea of a per- 
fiwt version; that is, a version that 
eoQvejed, in language dearly intelligible 
to the people, Uie precise raind of the 
l^pirit. Thus we see how those tempers 
of mind, which if left ungovemed by 
Christian principle tend to nothing but 
strife and selfish aggrandizement, when 
sanctified and refined by the love of 
God, work powerfully in promoting the 
interests of the most elevated Christian 
benevolence. But this inherent love of 
excellence reposed on the basis of indo- 
mitable perseverance. When once he had 
deliberatdy resolved upon a course of 
acti<m, it was part of hia nature to pur- 
sue it to the death. His spirit clung to 
it with a grasp that nothing seemed to 
relax. Difficulties did not discourage 
him. Obstades did not embarrass him. 
Hence, when he observed that the 
friends of missions began to be dis- 
heartened because no converts had 
been made, after his residence of seve- 
ral years in Rangoon, the idea of failure 
never once occurred to him. Instead 
of sympathizing in the despondency of 
those who were merely giving of their 
abondance without making a single 
personal sacrifice for the mission, he 
replied by sending back words of lofty 
diecr, which struck upon the ear of the 
efannsbes at home like the sound 

the memorable 



of a 
re^l 



quest to be permitted to labour on in 
the name of the Lord of Hosts^ 'and 
then, perhaps,* said he, ' at the end of 
twenty years you may hear of uic 
again.'"—?. 313, vol. u. 

Not less eminent was the piety of 
this eminent missionary. He yidded his 
whole heart to God. Great as were the 
mental conflicts he had to endure, 
there was never any wavering in his 
confidence in God. In his severe toil, 
in his imprisonment, in hours of discou- 
ragement, he ever realized God present 
with him, his Father in Christ, his 
watchful guardian and friend. What- 
ever came it came from God, and with 
cheerfulness he bowed to the decision. 
His war&re with sin was an earnest 
and practical one. He exercised him- 
sdf in fasting and prayer. He laboured 
hard to reduce the appetites and pas- 
sions, and was wont to spend a few 
weeks in the year in almost unbroken 
solitude, for communing with God and 
for the crucifixion of the flesh. His 
pursuit of holiness might be termed a 
passion, and led him to admire and imi- 
tate the austerities of Madame Guion. 
Yet in all this he clave to the Christ cru- 
cified as his only hope and righteousness. 

" It may be supposed," says Dr. 
Way land, 'Hhat the faith of such a 
man was in a high degree simple 
and confiding. In this respect I have 
rarely seen it equalled. It seemed to 
place him in direct communication 
with (Jod. It never appeared to 
him possible for a moment that God 
could fail to do precisely as he had 
said ; and he therefore relied on the 
divine assurance with a confldence that 
excluded all wavering. He believed 
that Burmah was to be converted to 
Christ, just as much as he believed that 
Burmah existed. He believed that he 
had been sent there to preach the gos- 
pel, and he as much believed that the 
Eoly Ghost would make Yds \^\iT% m 
some way, or at some time, i\iA mensiA 



LIPB AKD LABOUR OF DR. Jl-DeOM 



of the saltation of the nation, as he 
believed that there was a Holy Qhost. 
During his visit to Boston, tho late 
venerable James Loring asked him, 
' Do you think the prospects bright for 
the speedy conversion of the heathen i ' 
* As bright/ was his prompt reply, ' as 
the promises of God.' And this same 
spirit of unshaken confidence in Ood 
was manifested in all the affairs of life. 
In prayer he asked not as a duty, nor 
even as a pleasure, but he asked that he 
might receive. He acted on the assu- 
rance that his heavenly Father delighted 
to bestow upon him whatever was for 
his best good. It was a common thing 
for him to ask until he received in 
his own consciousness an assurance that 
his requests would lie granted. Thus 
he prayed that he might l>e useful to 
the crew of the ship in which he sailed 
to the Isle of France and to Maulmain ; 
thus he prayed and laboured for the 
conversion of the Jews ; and his prayers 
were in a remarkable manner answered. 
Thus he ever prayed for the early con- 
version of his children ; and it is worthy 
of remark, that since his death three of 
them have, as we hope, become heirs of 
eternal life."— Pp. 317, 318. 

His missionary life was an eminently 
successful one. He speedily acquired 
the language of Burmah, and imme- 
diately proceeded to tell the people that 
Christ had died for their redemption. It 
was his endeavour to imitate in this 
respect the example of Christ and his 
apostles. He held preaching to be the 
first and chiefest duty of the missionary. 
With unwearied zeal he would sit by 
the way-side, or traverse the villages of 
the jungle to proclaim his message. To 
Burmans and Karens he sought every 
occasion to declare the love of Qod, and 
it was his privilege to see his labour 
blessed. At the close of 1852, there 
were in Burmah 110 Christian churches, 
imring not lea than, eight thousand 
A^theJaa&fbrtg, We cannot withhoUi 



the following testimony to the power 
and eloquence of his addressed. Sayi 
BIr. Vinton : — 

'* The first sabbath after our arrival^ 
we were privileged to hear the nua 
whose praise is in all oor AmerieM 
churches. True, he preached Hi Jktt- 
man ; but though I did not know the 
meaning of a single sentence he uttered, ~ 
still my attention was never more clo0efy 
riveted on any sermon I ever beard. 
Were I to fix upon any one ehanuHaf- 
istic of the preacher, which pethapi 
more than any other, rendered his dis* 
course interesting and impressive, I 
should say it was earnestness of moa- 
ner. It was impossible for any one io 
escape the conviction that his whole 
soul was in his work. Every ton^ 
every look, every sentence spoke out in 
the most emphatic language, to tell u 
that the man was seriously in earnest, 
I and himself believed the truths he Q^ 
' tered. But what contributed not a 
little to the interest of the occasion, was 
the appearance of the assembly. Every 
hearer sat motionless, every eye was 
fixed immoveably upon the preacher, 
and every countenance seemed to ^laiige 
with every varied expression of senti- 
ment ; now beaming forth joy, as though 
some joyous news from the other worid 
had just reached them, which before 
had never gladdened their hearts, now 
depicting a feeling of anxiety, as though 
their immortal all, or that of their 
friends, was at stake ; and next of deep 
solemnity, as though standing before 
their final Judge."— Pp. .323, 324. 

The diflFiculties of the Burman IsEft- 
guagc were fully mastered by Dr. Jncl- 
son. Of his abilities as a scholar, a 
linguist, and translator, he has left aA 
imperishable monument in his versioii 
of the word of Qod. The natives read 
it with delight ; and Americans affirm 
that they study it with a clearer mder- 

(' stan^Bng and a gjester ^letann fimH 



TRJSHCVI 0)r WOUM AND PRQVBftBB, 



:43 



Bk. indMn wm am eminmtlf 9O0u4 
^. He dolig^tod in Om afbotions of 
hQB«y«nd thai home WM ail(>riio4 in turn 
bf the prgienee end obeered by the love 
iftfaiee moit ezoeUent women. To the 
Itft of iheee the reader will find himself 
iaddited for lome of the most ideasant 
ptgw of these Tolumes. 

Oor space predodes extended remark 
oa SQBM topics of great importance 
Mck relate to the oonduot of mission- 
iij cperaiioDS. The relative value of 
nhoois and of the distributioii of traots 
sad ssriptaies to preaching, is frequently 
tdrnnH to. Dr. Wayland fully agrees 
with Dr. Jodson in r^puding preaching 
is the primary and most important 
4ity of the missionary. On this and 
MNae other allied topics the testimony 
of these volumes is most valuable. The 
tone maintained throu^out will be 
found most healthful. We are assured 
thst our readers will rise from the 
psrusal of the work with a more wheat 
and oosrect view of missions than he 
kas been accustomed to meet with in 
many popular works, and at the same 
time with a profounder sense of their 
necessity. It is with unqualified com- 
mendatioa that we recommend this 
work to the attention of all who are in 
any way (and who is not ?) connected 
with the operation of missionary socie- 
ties. U. 



On the Studif tf Words : Lectures addressed 
iflriginaUp) to the PupUs at the Diocesan 
Training School, Winchester, By Richard 
Trcncb, B.D., Vicar of Itchenstoke^ 
FlantSg Examining Chaplain to the Lord 
Bishop of Oxford; aud Professor of 
Divinitg, King's Cotlege, London, Fourth 
Edition. London: Porker and Son, 
Wcfft Strand. 1858, ]6aio., pp. 210* 
Price 8s. 6d. 

On the Lessmu if» Proverbs: being the Sub- 
ttsmce ^ Leeturu delivered to Young 
M§m*M Sofiifiiff eri PertemauJA and else 
29r R» Tmmwcb, B»D,^ ^e^ j^c 



%y 



Second Editiw. London : Parker 8n4 
Sou, VS'eit SUand. 1858, pp. 149. Price 

Etymologists have favoured us with 
two derivations of the name of our first 
month, January. Some derive it firom 
the Latin word janua, a gate, because 
then that most rapid and unwearied 
traveller Time appears to cross a fresh 
l)oundary, and enter upon a new field of 
his momentous career. But Macrobius, 
a Latin writer learned in such matters, 
tells U8 that the word JamMrius^ whence 
our January came, is derived from 
Janus, the name of one of the Roman 
gods. This Janus possessed and exhi- 
bited the not entirely nnhvman attri- 
bute of double-facedness. Having a 
feu^o before and one behind, he was 
thought to be a good emblem of the 
opening month of the year, which seems 
at once to be bidding a welcome to the 
future, and a fi&rewell to the past. But 
this aforesaid Janus may be of use to 
us in other matters beside those of 
chronology. For example, we may 
employ him emblematically to designate 
tho two very difierent tendencies of two 
classes of people among us ; the former 
of whom seem inclined most uncere- 
moniously and with contempt to tnm 
their back upon the past, as if unworthy 
of a thought or a glance ; while the 
latter are ever looking back upon •* auld 
lang syne/' and are emphatically, in 
Horace's phrase, 

" Laudatores tvinporis act i." 

We have no present purpose of enter' 
ing the lists against either of these 
classes of chronological combatants, for 
we think with the " Spectator'' that 
^ there is a great deal to be said on 
both sides ; " yet we cannot but consider 
it a remarkable, peculiar, and unusually 
good '* sign " of the present times, that 
the best formed and best furnished 
minda of this country do noV di&dyw^E^ 
to exercise their inie\lecW«i «cwst^^aA% 



84 



TRENCH ON WORDS AND PROYEBBS. 



and exhibit their vast and varied stores 
of knowledge, for the benefit of the 
masses of the people; those masses, 
whom the nobles, statesmen, and scho- 
lars of other days looked upon with pity 
or contempt ; and who were accustomed 
to be designated by such delectable 
terms as " lower orders," " mob," " can- 
aille," and ''swinish multitude." "Nous 
avons chang6 tout cela," Xoic pro- 
fessors of divinity are heard to lecture 
to young persons on the " Derivation of 
Words," and the wisdom of "Popular 
Proverbs ; " viscounts are vocal with the 
praise of day and infant schools ; minis- 
ters of state deliver penny lectures upon 
poetry ; the prince consort, the right 
royal Albert, can devise decent lodging- 
Iiouses for the almost worse than home- 
less savages of St. Giles ; and even a 
cardinal can stoop to such sublunary 
things as popular lectures upon science 
and art ; and in the condescension of 
his comprehensive benevolence, adopt 
the "slums" of Westminster as the 
places most worthy of his pastoral care. 
With such facts before us, we see no 
wisdom in asking, ''Why were the 
former times better than these ? '' and 
decidedly think that "the good time 
coming" has begun to exchange the 
future for the present tense. 

Hailing with joy the appearance of 
such works as these, let us proceed to 
glance as briefly as may be at their 
valuable contents. Concerning the 
former work^and the latter — we can 
assure our readers that they will find in 
the smallest possible space, a perfectly 
marvellous amount of interesting infor- 
mation and suggestive thought. We 
have only space for three specimens 
from the work on the derivation of 
words. Take first the word tariff', to 
which the patriotic statesmanship of 
Sir Robert Peel has given a world-wide 
fame. "We all know what it means, 
nMmelf, a fixed scale of duties, levied 
upon imports. If you turn to a map of 



Spain, you will take note at its aoutliem 
point, and running out into the Straits 
of Gibraltar, of a promontory, which, 
from its position, is admirably ada p ted 
far commanding the entrance into the 
Mediterranean Sea, and watching the 
exit and entrance of all ships. A 
fortress stands up from this promontory, 
called now, as it was also called in the 
times of the Moorish domination in 
Spain, Tariftu The name, indeed, is of 
Moorish origin. It was the custom of 
the Moors to watch from this point all 
merchant ships going into and coming 
out of the Midland Sea, and issuing 
from this stronghold to levy duties 
according to a fixed scale on all mer- 
chandise passing in and out of the 
straits, and this was called from the 
place where it was levied, /an/a, or 
tariff; and in this way we have acquired 
the word." 

How full of interest are the following 
remarks upon the word bigot ! " It has 
much perplexed inquirers, and two 
explanations of it are current; one of 
which traces it up to the early Normans, 
while they yet retained their northern 
tongue, and to their often adjuration by 
the name of God, with sometimes a 
reference to a famous scene in French 
history, in which Rollo, duke of Nor- 
mandy, played a conspicuous part ; the 
other, puts it in connection with Be- 
guines, called often in Latin Begguttcp, a 
name by which certain communities of 
pietist women were known in the 
middle ages. These last have left us 
their name in ' biggen," * a plain cap, so 
called because originally worn by them ; 
yet I cannot persuade myself that we 
owe bigot either to them or to the Nor- 
mans, but rather to that mighty 
impression which the Spaniards made 
upon all Europe in the fifteenth smd 
following century. Now the word 
higote means in Spanish ' moustachio ; ' 

* *' Ab h« vhoM brov with hoxMlj blftffm boaod." 



TBBNOH ON WORDS AND PROVERBS. 



25 



md, IS oooinsted with the smooth or 
muAj smooth apper Up of most other 
people at that time, the Spaniards were 
As 'men of the monstaohio." That it 
WM their oharacteristio feature oomes 
oit in ffliakspeare's 'Lots's Labours 
Losty' where Armado, the 'fEmtastioal 
Spaniard,* desoribes the king ' his fami- 
lisr, as sometimes being pleased to lean 
on his poor shoulder, and dally with his 
moustadiio.* That they themselves 
connected firmness and resolution with 
the mooatachio, that it was esteemed 
the ontward symbol of these, is plain 
firom sndi phrases as ' hombre de Ugote^ 
a man of resolution ; *tener UgaUs^ to 
stand firm. But that in which they 
eminently displayed their firmness and 
reedation in those days was their 
adherence to whatever the Roman see 
imposed and taught. What then more 
natoril or more entirely according to 
the law of the generation of names, 
than that this strUdng and distinguish- 
ing outward feature of the! Spaniard 
should have been laid hold of to express 
that character and condition of mind 
which eminently were his, and then 
transferred to all others who shared the 
same? The moustachio is in like 
manner in France a symbol of military 
courage ; and thus ' un vieux moustache * 
is an old soldier of courage and military 
bearing. And strengthening this view, 
the earliest use of the word which 
Richardson gives is in a passage from 
Bishop Hall, where 'bigot' is used 
to signify a pervert to Romanism: 
'He was turned both bigot and phy- 
sician.' In further proof that the 
Spaniard was in those times the stand- 
ing representative of the bigot and the 
persecutor, we need but turn to the 
older editions of Fox's ' Book of Mar- 
tyrs,' where the pagan persecutors of 
the early Christians are usually ar- 
rayed in the armour of Spanish sol- 
diers, and sometimes graced by tremen- 
dous &i^v<«s. / 



We cannot forbear quoting the fol- 
lowing beautiful remarks upon the oft- 
used, but ill-understood, word, '' Tribu- 
latum:' 

^ We all know in a general way that 
this word, which occurs not seldom in 
scripture and in the liturgy means 
affliction, sorrow, anguish ; but it is 
quite worth our while to know how it 
means this, and to question the word a 
little closer. It is derived from the 
Latin ''tribulum," which was the 
threshing instrument or roller, whereby 
the Roman husbandmen separated the 
com from the husks ; and '' tribulatio" 
in its primary significance was the act 
of this separation. But some Latin 
writer of the Christian church appro- 
priated the word and image for the 
setting forth of a higher truth ; and 
sorrow, distress, and adversity being the 
appointed means for the separating in 
men of whatever in them was light, tri- 
vial, and poor, from the solid and the true, 
their chaff from their wheat, therefore 
he called their sorrows and griefs ' tribu- 
lations,' threshings, that is, of the inner 
spiritual man, without which there could 
be no fitting him for the heavenly 
gamer. Now in proof of my assertion 
that a single word is often a concen- 
trated poem, a little grain of gold 
capable of being beaten out into a broad 
extent of gold leaf, I will quote in re- 
ference to this very word ' tribulation,' 
a graceful composition by George 
Wither, an early English poet, which 
you will at once*perceive is all wrapped 
up in this word, being from first to last 
only the expanding of tho image and 
thought which this word has implicitly 
given : 

' Till from the straw the flail the corn doth beat.Q 
Until the chaff be purged from the wheat, 
Yea, till the mill the grains in pieces tear, 
The richness of the floor will scarce appear ; 
So, till men's persons great afflictions touch, 
If worth be found their worth is not so mnch. 
Beeaose, like wheat in straw they have not yet 
That Talae which In thTeaYiixigVhvy idkj ijtX. 



26 



TaSNCH ON W0BD8 AKD PROTEBBB. 



For tiU tb« teoWsg iaiU of Ood*s eocneti«it 
UATe thiMbed out of na oar rain aflectlona ; 
Till tbMO corrnptiuDt Mrliicb do mlBbecoxne uw 
Are by Thy nacred Spirit winnowed from «• ; 
Until from u« tho •traw of worldly treasarMf 
Till ftU the doftty chaff ut empty pleMurci, 
Yea, tUl His flail upon us He doth lav 
To thresh the huuk of thin our flesh avay ; 
And loare the aoul uncovered ; nay, ret more, 
Till (iod sliall make our very epirit |iu<«r. 
We aball not up to highest wealth a.-<iiirv ; 
Bat then wo shall ; and that is my d?slrc.* " 



Ibmid GBReafc ftmoog fak peopla. Thof, 
on ilie ocoMion of lus fin* open Sf- 
peartnee ftn tlie fjiyigogaB of Naanft, 
he refers to the proverb, Pk yMan kml 
thyself (Luke iv. 23), M one wfaich fats 
hearers will perhaps bring forvravd 
against Himself; and again presently 
to another, A prophet is jwi yfitkwt 
kotwvr but in h is otm comUrtfy as attested 
in his own history ; and at the well of 
The other work, that on national Sychar he declares, ''Herein is that 
Proverbs, is equally full of tho richest * saying,** or that proYorb, " true. One 
treasures of secular and sacred instrue- ' soweth and another reapeth** (John If. 
tion. The following extracts from the 37). But he is mudi more than a 
introduction may be taken as the key • quoter of other men*s proverlis. Ho is 
note of the composition : , a maker of his own. As all forms of 

*' ' No gentleman,' says Lord Chester- human composition find their arche- 
field, or ' no man of foshion/ as 1 think types and their highest realisatton in 
is his exact phrase, * ever uses a pro- ' scripture, as there is no tragedy like 
verb.* And with how fine a touch of job^ no pastoral like Ruth, no lyric 
nature Shakespeare makes Coriolanus, I melodies like the Psalms, so we should 
the man who, with all his greatness, h> affirm no proverbs like those of Solo- 
entirely devoid of all sympathy for the I mon, were it not that a '^ greater than 



people, to utter his scorn of them in 
scorn of their proverbs, and of their 
fi!«quent employment of these :— 

' Hang 'cm 1 
Tkaj Mid tbey'weie an hugry, aighed forth preTcriie; 
That, hunger brolx $t4m€ wdU ; thai, ilogt must $att 
That, meat wat uuide/or motUhM; that tht gods H»t not 
Cvmfor the rich wien only /—with these shreds 
They veoted their eomplaininga.* 

Oeriolauiu, Act I. Soene 1. 

** I might name others who have held 



Solomon" has dravm out of the rich 
treasure house of the eternal wisdom 
a series of proverbs more costly still. 
For inded, how much of our Lord*6 
teaching, especially as recorded in the 
three first evangelists, is thrown into 
this form, and how many of his words 
have in this shape passed over as 
'faithful sayings* upon the lips of 
men ; and so doing have fulfilled a 
the proverb in honour ; as Plautus, the i necessary condition of the proverb, 
most genial of Latin poets, Rabelais and , whereof vre shall have presently to 
MoBtaignA, the two most original of 1 speak.** 



French aiutfaort ; and how often Fuller, We have left ourselves no spaoe in 
whom Coleridge has styled the wittiest . which to quote examples of the many 
of writers, justifies this praise in his naUonal proverbs, with their Htersry 
iritty employment of some old proverb ; I and historical illustrations, which thfe 
•ad no reader can thoroughly understand i volume contains. We earnestly ex- 
and enjoy Hudibras, none but will miss 
a multitude of its keenest allusions, 
who is not thoroughly familiar with the 
proverbial literaiure of England. Nor 
is this dl ; we may with reverence 
adduce quite another name than any of 
these^ the Lord hunsel^ as oondesoend- 
ing to employ «aeli ptoveriw m he 



hort all heads of fitmilies to purchase 
these two books, and study them aloud 
during the long winter nights. A mora 
pleasant and profitable exeroise of la- 
t^ect and heart it is scarcely posslUs 
to recommend. 

We oonelode with the foUowiag 
strong and weighty thoughts. 



BKISF N0TICE8. 27 

* hk tiwtrf kagMigt some of ita , ancient heathen world ; I mean the 
DoUot proTertM are thoee which em- _ followuig : Dii laneos habent pedes : 
hfiy nwa's confidence in God'a moral The feet of tU [avenging] deities are shod 
goieramcaat of the world, in his aveng- ' wUh ioool. Who that hat studied the 
inf righteojMacai^ howerer mnoh there ! historj of the great crimes and crimi- 
majT be in the oonfhsions of the present j nals of the world, but wiO with a 
ciil tioie to proToke a doubt or eren a i shuddering awe set his seal to the 
de&ial of this. Thns, Punishment is truth of this proverb ? Indeed, medi- 
Imtf hmi it cam€9y which if not old, yet I tating on such and the source from 



rests on an image derived from anti- 
qiity, is good ; although inferior in 
ererj waj, in energy of ezprci^on, as 
in fiihiMS of soMe, to the ancient Greek 
one : l%e mUi qf Chd grinds late, hut it 
primdMiopo^ffder, 'O^t0§AviXlo¥Ctfiv\oi, 
aXhiMi 8k XtTTTa. And then how awfuUj 
sublime another which has come down 
to ns as a part of the wisdom of the 



which we have derived them^ one is 
tempted to believe that the faith in a 
divine retribution evermore making 
itself felt in the world, this sense of a 
Nemesis, as men use to call it, was 
stronger and deeper in tho earlier and 
better days of heathendom, than, alas ! 
it is in a sunken Christendom now/* 

H. 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



7ie Ij^ of Martm LtiHkgr, tkt German Be* Thii also is a work of wUeh cmbtllnhaente 

firmir, w Fifiy Fidmrm, from Degigiu bm contCitate • prominent ftature. Twtntjr-eigkt 

OmaSop Kmig. To tcAicA fs addtd a Sheten engraTinj^ on steel and a itill grtatcr nnmoar 

tff Ikg Rim amd Progreu oftkt RefornuUkm of wood-cvU adorn and eloddata tbo acconat 

m GWaMfiy. London: 'Nathuiiel Cooke, ofthoM celebrated men who for eonseSeneo'taka 

MiUord Houae, Strand. 18&3. Imperial Burrendf:red the comforts of their British hornet, 

Svo. Pp.207. Cloth, gilt edges. Price 12s ^^hea emigration was far more haaardons and 

..... ^ , . ... distrcssinir than it now is, and Tentared on tlio 

At this time of year, when specimens of the occupation of nnkno^n and uncultiratad 

fine arte are m more than usual request, for the -^^^^ ^Ims we hare brought before na 

cnttrtainment of company and for presents to ^^J^^, ^„j ^^.^^ ^j^^ ^j^i^j, ^^^ ^,, ^^ 

fnends, the beautiful rolumc hefore us will un- sufferings were connected before their departnro 

aouttedJy find many purchasers. The preface ^^^^ ^,^^, „^,.^^ ,^„j^ ^^^^^ ^j,^ ^y^;^^ ^^ 

stales that "the elegant drawings from which ^^^^ acquainted in Holland where soma k 

the artistic engravings of the original work ^j^^^ sojourned for a time, and yet more in the 

ircre made, created a great senMtion at Munich different ports of America in which they wei« 

a few years ago; they found so many and ex-entually located. The pen, however, is hi 

sr:ch ardent admirers, that it was resolved to ^^^j, ^^^ '^^j,^ ^j^j^ ^j,^ ^^, ^^ j^j^^^ .^^ 

lutiiah them, twther with a biography of .„^^^ ^^^ ^^^ Mr. Bartlctfs power of 

UiLer." This biography consists of short description, which is considerable, is made use of 

pieces, each descriptive of a scene to which the advantageously, and the remarks intermingled 

eDgravin. on the opposite pace refers. Sections ^.j^j^ ^j,^ narrative are judicious. The over- 

tJlow, descnbmg m a lively ami impressive ^.^^j^ providence of tho Snpremc Governor, 

•ttle the state of Christendom before the days ^„d the impropriety of all restrictions on reK- 

of Luthcr^urtrugffle with Uome, the religious -^^ freedom are justly recogntj^ed. In the 

revolatirnof which he was the chief mstrumcnt ^ ^^^^ sentence, we have a good summary of 

the poUtical and social changes connected with the ,rhole :-" The tymnny of the bishops 

i% l.u domestic bfr, his friand»hips, and many drove the Puritans to A mericar-the tyranny of 

kindred topica. Tlie view which the work . ^^^ p„ritang forced mskontents to found fresh 

gives of the character of this eminent raiiti is c.,lonits, stirred np the spirit of Roger Williama 

^euerally correct, and Us circnlation m this ^^ proclaim the then new doctrine of the non- 

couBtry among the higher classes of the com- i i„terfcrence of the civil magistrate in inattera 

maaity will be beneficial. of religion, and finally urged those very Episco- 



Tht Pifgrim Fathtri; or «»« Founder» qf New I palians who refused spiritual freedom to their 



Emgtand in l*e re^« of Jamtw the First. By 
W. H. Ba»tlett, AmtKorof •* Forty Dayt 



dissenting brethren in England, to insist on 

^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ possessing it for themselves in America, and, 

hkti^Dn^yWith lihutrationa. lA>ndon: ' by so doing, throw open in that land the gates 
Arthur Hall, Virtne, and Co. 1853. Im- i of religious liberty which c«n never again bo 
perial BrOb I^. 240. P5rke J2s, Chtb, < doted." Lesaons of grcmt practktWsi^aitlaxiM 
fit, I luv taught here; and m the ^oM ^as i^^t ^f^ 



28 



BRIEF NOTI0E8. 



leirned tbem tboroiigfaly, we rejoice to tee 
them brought out in a st^le so attractiTe as 
that in which they are exhibited in thii Tolame. 



Th§ LeiMurt Hour, 1862 amd 1853. London : 
M, Patemorter Row, and 164, PtccadiUr. 
Two Yolumea. Imperial 8to. Pages 832 
and 844. Price 6f . each rolume. 

Two years ago, our readers were apprised 
that the Committee of the Religious Tract 
Society had determined to print a periodical 
which might supersede in some depee^ those 
cheap hot worthless publications which it was 
well known were circulating eztensiTely both 
in London and in the other popnlons towns of 
Britain. The Leisure Hour was accordingly 
brought out, consisting of sixteen large pages 
weekly, illustrated by numerous woodcuU, for 
which the charge was a single penny. 
"Whether it has done anything to diminish the 
sale of the miscbierous trash referred to we 
know not : we can easily concciye that the 
taste which could find gratification in carrion 
would turn with disgust from wholesome food. 
But this W6 can certify, that the numbers for 
1852 and 1853, now' form two handsome 
▼olumes, well adapted to please and instruct 
the respectable classes of the community. Its 
introduction into any family not degraded to 
the lowest pitch would be adrantageous, in- 
creasing domestic enjoyment and intelligence, 
and if once taken regularly for a few months, it 
is not likely that afterwards it would be dii- 
continued. There are many subjects, not 
strictly speaking religious, on which it is neces* 
sary that the members of religious households 
should be well informed; and it u important 
that knowledge respecting these should be 
acquired in works free from any tendency to 
teindelity, to popery, or to other forms of error 
which are too often covertly mingled with 
literary and scientific pubhcations. We rejoice 
therefore to see in these two Toluincs so much 
that is both pleasing and instrnctiTe. llie 
subjects are varied, as well they may be, as, in 
the times through which we are passing events 
are constantly taking place which require addi- 
tions to be made to our information. Not only 
in the departments of historv and biography 
are the stores ever increasing^ but also in those 
of science and art; while for all practic^ pur- 
poses the world is enlarging, lands of wbidi we 
never heard in our youth becoming thickly 
peopled, and suhjects of intense interest There 
u no reason to fear any scarcity of suitable 
topics ; it is evident that the editor has a staff of 
assistants sufficiently numerous to give diversity 
to his pages, and that he understands his bu«i- 
neta. The second volume seems to us superior 
to the first. We heartily advise our friends, on 
the faith of this, to make trial of the third. 

Stmogletfor Lfff; or, the Autobiography of a 
Jhuenting Miniitar, London : \V . and F. 
Cash. 1854. Post 8vo. Pp. viil 372. 
Price 68. 6d. Cloth. 

Something in the title occasioned a suspicion 
that this anonymous narrative had been written 
to answer a uuiater porpoae. Had this been 
the caie it woald not have been withont pre- 



cedant; but wa ara hiMj to fad tmma to 
believe the author when he nya, **tbo work ia 
not the diild of fiction— not the cwot ir s of 
imagination —not in any way tho oAftfaig of 
fancy ; but, strictly and literalljt a co n aa cnU w 
narative of Acts and events of which I havt 
been the subject, or which have eono mntbr mj 
personal obaenration." B^ginninc life i n te* 
advantageous drcumstanccs, but mcminf oailly 
an invincible deaire to become a Chi hth i 
minister, he strove tuccesafnllv to obtain know- 
ledge and to support himself fttdependentlyt tB 
he became a village pastor, when ho bad to ok- 
perience his share or the difficultieo with whidk 
most village pastors have some acquaintance. 
He has recently been tranalated to a nora eo«- 
spicuous position ; but thoush, sofiur aa iooobm 
is concerned, he has twice tne amoont reeeivfd 
in the rillage. yet ** with a fiunilj, thimiffh tho 
favour of God, doubled in number, in a wcaHbj 
and consequently expensive toarn, the change 
does not appear a remarkaMe improvoBseBt.'* 
Indeed, as he u but forty years of ago, we are 
not quite sure that his " struggles for lifis " ate 
yet completed. It does not appear to have 
occurred to him at any time to donbt of the 
propriety of opinions and practices current in 
the denomination to which he baa always 
belonged. The point to which he baa attained 
involves attachment to much important troth; 
it includes intense admiration for the only 
public man he has named in his book, and 
whom he describes as "the oracle of Boh 
Court ; " but what if he were to ace canae to 
embrace that opinion which it seems is cntcf* 
tained by some of whom he has a slight — a vtir 
sliffht knowledge — that it is ** absurd to sprinkle 
a few dro|>s oT water on an nnconscions bahe^ 
and then to call the poor little crying thing 
baptised.** Ah, then there might be matcriau 
for an additional chapter of ''Stmgglea ibr 
Life ! " But whether ne does this or not, we 
I wish him well through the remainder of Ui 
I journey. The narrative is both interesting and 
I ustructive. The author appear* to bo indoa- 
> trious and earnest, and be i< evidently a man 
I of considerable ability. IV* past expenenee ia 
' well adapted to prepare him for future naefnl- 



ness. 



Infidelity ; it$ Atpecte, Cautet, amd Agtmem : 
being the Prize EtBay of the BrkUk Orgtan" 
ization of the Etangelieal AlHamee, Bm the 
Rev, Thomai Pearson, EyemomA^ If. B, 
London : Partridge and Oakey, 185S. 8to. 
Pp.608. Price I0a.6d. 

Mr. Pearson's work is a valuable expoaition 
of infidelity. Its various phases are cleariy 
presented ; and some of the popular writings 
of the present day, those of Carlyle and Emer- 
son for instance, in which it lurks, are faith- 
fully exposed. The essay is dirided into three 
parts. ^ In the first psrt the various aspects of 
infidelity are developed, viz. : atheism, or the 
denial of the Divine existence ; pantheism, or 
the denial of the Dirine personality ; rational- 
ism, or the denial of the Divine providential 
government ; spiritualism, or the denial cf the 
ibie redemption ; indifferentism, or the denial 
of man*s renponaibility ; and formalianii, or Iho 
denial of the power of godliness. In tiw 
second part the vaiiou cansef of iafidollly tit 



BRIBF NOTICES. 



S9 



It it tnecd firil to one fwnenl 
dlneal irnther thaa inteUcetiud, haTing 
ili Ksl ia tht dfiectioiit rather than in the 

, the ATernon of the nnre- 
,to the refigion of the bible. Ite 
and tnbordliiate caoMt are then eou- 
Tbeee are, qpecnlatiTe philotoph^, 
iffsetioiit the cormptioni of Cbru- 
tkaitj* rcligiou intolerancey and the ditanbn 
if the chmrch. In the third part the Tarioos 

9cd« The power of the 
the dnbi, the •chooli, and the pulpit, ii 
ihown to be wielded meet effectnally on the 
■de of iafideUtj. In thii laet part there is 
■adk intcreetinir information respecting the 
filcratnre and diaichee of the continent of 
Euope. in ocmdntion there is a chapter, 
sagmted hjr the recent London debate, on 
ssnlBiiflny m which it is unmasked and shown 
l» he • aMNlcm term embracing all the phases 
ef ancient infidelitj. The essa^ is well written, 
lla ityk ia sinmle and graphic, and we hope 
tknt It viU be eztensiTel^ read. We laid it 
down, however, with a feelug of dissatisfaction. 
Bocaethinr seemed wanting to its completeness, 
sod we felt sorry that a book, which opened up 
to view mch streams of pmson, had not tup- 
pBsd • mote nowerfal antidote. Some sagges- 
tieos ai to the best modes of combating the 
evil and anceting its progress would form a j 
iiitaWe appendix or companion Tolume. B. ! 

I 

Bemrt of daiitian, Devothm, Translated from ; 
He German of Dr. A. TeoLrcK. H^ith a i 
fnfatt bjf ike Ret. Hosatics Bonar. 
London: James Nisbct and Co. 12mo. > 
Pn.2fi6. 

.... ' 

Thk work in its original tongue has loog 

valued, and in its present form will be 

wdcome to manj closets. Tholack is one oi 

those Germans whose practical theology may 

be trusted, and if our readers recollect the 

■onntf in which Dr. Chalmers parted with 

him after a short visit to Edinburgh, they will 

eeodode that his personal character can kindle 

lore in no common measure. When the 

seeooiplished divine and the elevated Christian 

meet in one man we williugly admit him to the 

high office which he offers to fill in this msnual. 

The pieces are short, and, for the most port, 

cxpontory of a passage of scripture. They are 

written, considering the occasional depth of 

thought, with much simplicity, and in an alfec- 

tiobatcly fervent spirit rising occasionally into 

poetry which strikes us as very tastefully 

rsndered, even while preserving the peculiarity 

of the original measures. Thus : — 

"He is mine, and I am His, 
For ever am I one with Iliro ; 
For sinee He 
Hath for me 
Yielded up his breath ; 
Mj life is now His otm, and UU my death." 

The style of the translation is uniformly neat 
and perspicuous, and so natural as to seem the 
iitt clothing of the thoughts. Hebrew, Greek, 
tad German will blend harmoniously in one 
stream of English, reviving to the soul, when 
the inco m par a b le Bible and this auxiliary 
fofaune are introdooed together into one's / 
-^CJU.B. I 



Benedietwtu: or the Bkemd Life, Bp the 
Rev. John CuMimia, D.D., Minieter of the 
Scottish Nalumal Churehf Crown uwrf, 
Covent Garden. London: J. F. Shaw, 27, 
Southampton Row, Russell Square. 12mo. 
Pp.494. 1853. Price 6s. 

While we frankly confess that none of Dr. 
Cumming*s writings are exactly to our mind* 
we think this is one of his best books ; both as 
regards the vigour with which it is written, and 
the usefulness of its aim and tendency. Persons 
who can read nothing save what is furiously 
protestant, or wildly prophetic will think other- 
wise. Like all that our author writes we sop- 
pose this book was first preached; and was a 
series of discourses on the Beatitudes. As a 
practical exposition of those glorious sayings 
with which our Lord opened his ministry, It 
cannot fail, under the Divine blessing, to pro- 
duce great good. It sets clearly and repeatedly 
before the man who is without CSod in the 
world that nothing short of the divine favour 
can give him perfect and permanent peace ; and 
by various considerations it encourages him 
whose God is the Lord, to the constant exercise 
of hope and j oy . W . 

Notes, Critical, Explanatory, and Practical^ 
on the Old Teetament. By Albert Barses, 
Minister of the Gospel, Philadelphia. The 
book of the Prophet Daniel, Glasgow: 
Blackie and Son. London : Warwick Square. 
l2mo. Pp. 632. Two Volumes, Cloth, price 
78. One Volume, Cloth, price 6s. 6d. 

As the approbation of Mr. Bames*s Notes on 
Daniel expressed in our last number may incline 
many of our friends to purchase them, it may 
be convenient to them to know that there are 
several respectable editions in the market. In 
this of Messrs. Blackie, pains have been taken 
to render the Maps and Pictorial Illustrations 
useful to the reader. In the Editor's Preface 
it is said that ** the copyright of the Notes on 
Daniel for Great Britain and Ireland has been 
assigned by the author to Messrs. Knight and 
Hawkes; and this edition is now published 
under arrangement with them." 

77ie Difficulties of the PrC' Millennial Advent. 
By Joseph Browne. Dublin : G. Herbert. 
London : Hamilton and Co. 1853. l6mo. 
Pp. 84. Price Is. 6d. 

Prc-millennialistsare those who believe that 
our Lord's corporeal return to the earth will 
precede that universal reign of righteousness 
which prophecy foretells. Of these there are 
great numliers of good men connected with the 
established church, and some amon? dissenters. 
The respected author of this pamphlet appears 
to be very conversant with their writings ; and 
he show9, we think conclusively, the irrecon- 
cileableness of their theory with many scriptural 
statements. In the last paragraph he sums up 
the result of his labours thus : — *' If the plain 
testimony of God, delivered to us in clear and 
precise terms, is to command our implicit faith, 
without note or comment, it has been proved 
in the preceding pages, that Christ is a king, 
has a kingdom, a kingdom of grace which he 
rules over all worlds ; that he wiW coTilViv\i<i %o 
to rule io grace and power UVi V% \>T\ii^ mtxi^ 



BRIEF NOTIOia 



80M to gloiy; that hii church, contutin^ of 
liimidf and hb people, did not, nnd coaM nnt 
cormpt ittdf ; that thin dispeniation, which it 
the perfeetion of infinite wi»dom and goodness, 
wiil not be rapencdrd; that there will be no 
re-institution of sacrifice; that the kingdoai of 



By the Rt9. T. T. Uaverfibld, BJ>^ 
KecUtr of Goddint/Um^ OxfordMrt, R. T, 
S. 24ino., pp. 186. Frice la. 6d. 



A simple, pleaaii^g talc, in vLich wickcdncM 

i« }iL'cn cveiitunlly to meet with its merited 

grace will put forth all its Tirtuc, and~diM,lay l»''"j-i""^"!. and i:.>odnc« iU oi»prupiiate rc- 

lU efficiency during the miUennium; that nil ^*^"7^- }\ '* calculated to u.^i.irc the youiij 

^ - with r.oliic ?ciili ' c:!t9, to leai'.h tueni the value 

of yautliful piety, aiid t<) sup^ily .in Luconrive 
to perseverance ::iid hnne'ity even in the midst 
of t'lc irie.-itf*st diirurullics and temiitatioiis. 



the rigfateou!! and all the wicked shall stnnd at 
the same time before the judpnient-seat of 
Christ; that the judgment past, the cnntla^ra- 
tion will take place, the new lieaven and new 
earth aucceed, ushering in the eternal and un- 
changeable state." An amiable tpirit pervades 
all his reasoningi. 

Chertj/ and Violet, a Tale of the Grtal Phi'iue. 
By the Author of '' Mary ' PowcU: Lon lU.ii : 
Printed for Arthur Hall, Virtue, ami Co. 
Post 8 vo. Pp. 3 L 1 . Trice 7s. tiJ. 

It may be wJl that forty-ci{;lit lii;ur.. hive 
elapsed since we finished thia ^tory, n*« a >!ii)rt!'r 
time woulil scarcely 8uffit.c to dtlivor the mo^t 
iiober- minded reviewer frvin ilit f^'<oinrtti:)'is, so 
ns to enable him to make a calm nnd uuljias.'*ed 
report respecting its cliir.ictor. It furj'isl.es a 
lively picture of the suciul h:ihits opini'tiM, nnd 
phraseology current among the iiihaltit.mt'i of 
London twu hundretl years ago, with de^ciiptive 
notices of the principal ev«>iit6 which took place 
at that most exciting epoch. Tl:e death of tlie 
protector, the re.storutiun of tlic Ling, the pre- 
Talent plague, and the drondfully dcstruciivo 
fire, are all Kpokcn of with tl.j' !-::.nplicity :-.:i«l 
deep feeling which wouM b.* naliirr.lly ». v::icf 1 
bj lui intelligent rye>«vitnesfi. The s'.yL- « f 
printing and binding corre>iitmd« uitii the 
diction, and helps to give an air of verilabloness 
to the skilfully constructed narrative. i)p.e 
might imaifine that one was Ii»tcning to De 
Foe, were it not that Cherry ami her triends 
are all cavaliers, and Miow hut li:tlo nyinpatliy 
for Cromwell or his puritanical arsoci^ife**. 

VneU TonCi Cabin; or Life amontj thn lAw^iy. 
A Taie of Slare Life in Anmriej. By 
Harriet B».kciirr 'ijiowE. With above '• 
onrhunflreilaudjijly Hitutrtttiona. JJnitCH 
by Georye Thomas, Ksq., and T. B. Jluc- 
tptoid^ Kfq.f and Kitfjraved by W'Hlium 
Tkomn», London : Nathaniel Ci>oke, Mil- 
ford House, Strand. ia5:». 8vo. Pp. 302. 
Cloth, gilt edges. Price 123. 

Poor Uncle Tom 1 He ix still reincmhered 
bj Britibh tiook buyers, and instead of wiobing 
to allow the impressions nr tiding from the tale of 
hia distTcs<>et to become faint, they are anxious 
for something to perpetuate and drepoii them. 
So at Least London publishers think;— a clasts 
of gentlemen whose opinions on such m titters ' 
•re usually correct. Ihe cost of the embellish- 
ments of this edition must have lucu very 
great ; and if strenuous eflfort deserves auccesJ, i 
Bucoeta is certainly meiited in this case. iMany 
of the cuts are excellently dcsigneil and 
admirably executed. That poet would earn a 
magnificent wreath of bay who should describe ' 
Mn. Stowa's emotions in turning over the 
IcBTca of thii Tolume for the first time. 

CharleM Houttd; or, Indvttry and ITomsty. ' 
Adapted Jhm tke French of J. J, Forchal, 



tempt at loiis 
B. 

T'.c F'lUiitain of TAving U'ateri, IlfuMtruted 
b'l I- ails in thr Life of a Laymtin, London : 
K.T.S. lOaio. Pp.151. Price la. 6d. 

Britain owes an inc>nc':ivahlc debt of grati- 
tude to the Iteligious Tract Society. It vuits 
its puhlicatiuns to all ages — all stations in 
society — all gradrj of intellect and culture; 
having alw.\ys a car« that the essential trutiia 
of ihf* go-<iicl shall nceive clear and procniaent 
announctinent. The littli* volume beAwv oa ii 
intent!ed for the young. The author (who aa • 
** Lav man," and from internal evidence w« 
fuiitiert an American; l.aa here presented in a 
»<tvlo ot gn'At h: nuty, and a spirit uf genuiao 
ti'iirivti.in atfectiim eever.il incipient a of con* 
S'Trttion to ihr srrvic** of Christ which hare 
oiiic uitliin hia own observation, and so pre« 
:-e::te'l tlie.m an to inipre.ts those who w:ll 
thou;;ht fully rend the hook with the convictioa 
tint n.:tliing shmt of such con^ccraticm can 
centre tree hapfiinesi. It it a beautiful book 
ti) piit ns .1 new yearns pret>cnt into the hands cf 
y-i:ith, ' W. 

Gltt'l Titi'f*j.s ; or iJw Oo^jtcl of P< arc. A 
Sni'S of (la ill/ Jfciiitation.i f r CiistiaH 
7;;.s-. v'AV ByfhtiBrvW.n TM-niDin, D.D. 
/■Vi • TUhntu.'i C/i>{/ifi, I^ilihlurgh. L'lndcm: 
T. Xrlon rtnd l?i.iij4. U;.>3. ICmo. Pp. -^72. 
Price IN. Gil. 




er " TTtree MonihM under the SnoytJ* 



This is a suitable clopct companion fcr the 
Christian. It i^ divided into three srctions 
v.liich we nro informed by tlie preface, **be«r 
r.'ference fo the three sta|;es in which perponal 
reli'jion m.ay be studied : or fir>t, As presented 
•;r'>"<l tidings.' S«.cond'y, As attnurting the 
8iiiil by -ts *ivon«lini;' aiid tliirdly, Atrraiized, 
wliin ni.in is u-.der the gracious guard iHUsbip 
of the Sliephird of Isvnel * *' 'J'he meditationa 
are yhr>rt, tlionnjjhly cutnacJicnl^nml calculated 
to chcri^h a devoii-.nal ••pirit. . B# 

J//*t Contrr's S>i'rij,tit/nt iT .Inyy simplified, in 
(^•ustunt a 11,1 Ati*u- ;, for the use of Schtiote 
ami h'ai}>'.ii,t. Jl. vis, -l h./ .'onx KiTTO, 
J).l*., F..S.V. London : i lioma5 l>ean and 
Son, Tlire;«dncr.dlc Street. lOmo. Pp. :>96. 
Price ;^. tl. 

It i^ (if t'uo lii^'!icf:t impnrt.tnce tli.it the 
minds of chil.lren b-l.ould be well stored with 
the facts of S;;cre'l History. No little ability 
i»nd mTiia;^crriCnt are required to communicate 
thcie facts in a ni.'tnncr at once inntructlvc and 
interp'-ting. These quiiltiic4 Misa Corner 
largely possesses; and they arc everywhere 
aptureut throughout the excellent little v.)lume 
bctbre us. Tlie work has been revised by Dr. 
Kitto whose approval is a sufficient guarantee 
for its iRfOTtb. It « tViOTO>i^\\\"j wxvaectArian, 



BRIEF KOTIOSS. 



ai 



We gladly give it our most cordial commenda> 
tioD. W. 

Table-Tumimg, A Lecture b^ the Rev, 
B. W. DiBDiN, M.A., fleiiteredmthe 31u8ic' 
Hall, Stnre Street, on Tue$day evening, 
Xovember 8fA, 1853. London: Aviott and 
Co. rinao. Pp. 22. Price 6d. 

Mr. Dibdin arers that what he has told he 
bM aeea, and that he has ibrbome to state 
vhat voald be iromeasurably more fearful and 
itaftltDff. He adds, ** My object has been» not 
(0 gratify a morbid taste for the marrellous, 
bit, firstly, to prore that Table-Turning is 
Diabolic, and secondly, to beseech you to hare 
nothing to do wiVt it. 

Fern Lenvet from Fanny^t Portfolio, Jllus' 
trated by Birket totter. London : Ingram, 
Cooke, and Cow Sto. Pp.32G. Price 2^. Gd. 

This is one of the numerous American works 
whidi in the present day Englinh pul>liRher8 find 
it so pro(fitab£i Co reprint* and English readers 
pleasant to peruse. The book consists of a 
SttllfrtiiMB of pop^** ^"^ * variety of subjects, 
mme grave, others gay. Nov you read through 
tears, then your sorrow b turned into laughter. 
Ov aathorefs has walked through the world 
vith an observant eye. Its vices nnd follies 
meet with a sarcastic condcmnati«>n ; its better 
(ntares are exposed to praise. The edition of 
tbii work, which is before as, is besotifully 
"got up" the artist and the binder having 
iam thmr best to render it attractive. W. 



BECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

(Italiould b« QBdentood that insertion in thi» liitis not a 
oooBerawnt: it r&pr«M«i approbation af the works 
of eaoncast^nMlinif to every pirticnlar, but 
at thm soMvai character aad Undracy.] 



Ways of PleasaninsM : a New Year's Address to 
the Young. By the Rev. W. Mavvau. Whittlk- 
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The Edeotio Beview. December, 1853. Con- 
tcnt%: I. Floarens on the Instinct and Intelli- 
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and Sounds : the ^^(ystery of tho Day. IV. Burmeso 
Mi»f>lun : Mpmoim of Dr. Judson. V. Shakuperian 
CriticUin. VI. The Life and Martyrdom of Savo- 
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Review of the Month, Literary Intelligence. u:c. 
Loudon: ]VardandCo. ^ro. » pp. \2fi. Price It. 6d. 



The Christian Treafiary: Containing Contribntlons 
trom Ministers and Members of Various EvaagcUcal 
Denomination!). Docemt)er, 1653. Edinbur^: 
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The Teachers* Offoring for 1853. London: Ward 
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A Collection cf Rare Jewels firom the Mines of 
William Gi*nnall (10*80), Dug np and Deposited 
in a Casltet, by Aariiua AuoiTsrtm Raaa (1853). 
London : Bmn* and Goodwill, 44, FUli Street. ICmo., 
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Tho Salvation and Faith of the Christian. Br 
WtLLiAM Davis. Minintcr of the Crofl Chapel, 
Hastings. The Eighth ThoaMtnd. London: Jock- 
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A Complete Byfctem of Arithmetic. Tbeoratlea 
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Private Student«: Containing the Fundamental 
Rales, and tlie*r Application to Mercantile Compu- 
tations; Vulgar and Decimal Fractions; Involution 
anJ Evolution; Series; Annuities Certain and 
Contingent, Ac. By Jambs Trottbr, of the Scot- 
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Key to Ingram nM.tthewatlcs," Ac.&e. Edinburgh. - 
OUvtrawl Boi/d. Jjoudon : Simpkin, MarthoU,and 
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i 
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A Cyclop.vdia of Sacred PosUcal Quotations; 
Consisting; of Choice Patsougcs fh>m the Saeied 
Poetry of all Agos and Countries, Classified and 
Arr.iiiged, f<>r Facility of Reference, under Suhjeet 
Headin;;s, Illustrated by Striking Pas^ages ttota. 
Scripture. Edited by H. O. Adams, Editor of the 
" Cyclopajdia of Poetical Quotations," Ac. Part III. 
Londoii : ft roomb ridge and hone. IGnio., pp. 64. 
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Home Thoughts. A Msgaiine of Litsmtare, 

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Modem Edinburgh. 
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Departed Worth and Greatness Lamented: a 
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2. 1853, by William Syminotok, D.D., Glasgow. 
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Tracts for Congr«^ions. No. I. Bolsaa Qusa- 
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as 



INTELLIGENCE. 



'AMERICA. Rev. Jamet Belcher, ton of Dr. Belcher, cT 

IRISH B0MA5I8T8. ^»»« .^^f » f "?^ ^^.^^^^^P^ ^^ 

m,^ XT -.r 1 rN. r ^r i^ ini.o bftptwt chuich at Oldtowii. Hebaflelreedy 

The New York Obwrver of Nov. 1 7, 1858, ^j;^ ^^ j^j^ ,^ ^^^^ encoumgiBg dr- 

contains the following paragraph :—« To eumitancei. The church intend, uoUiflr 

wunteract the dwicnsion of Irish RomaniaU ^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^ commodiouf boose ef 

from • the faith in Amenca, the commu- ^Qjgjjjp 

nity of AII-Hallows appeals for funds to ^' 

send a * Catholic mission * across the Atlantic. — — 

What ! are there no popish priests in the AUSTRALIA. « ^ 
United States ? Whr, the union sMrnrms with 

them already. Archbishop Hughes and his shipwreck Of THi RRT. J. TOLLCI. 

suffragans have long since ccclesiasiically After the death of Mr. Ham, of whidi our 

mapped out the country into Romish diocesw readers were apprised about fourteen months 

nsCardinal Wiseman has mapped out England. ^^^ baptist church at Sidney lequerted 

There IS not a town in the States, new or old, t^ree London ministers, Messrs. Hinton, Noel 

which. has not its splendid popish cathedral, .^d Brock, to obtain for them a ndtable 

There is no lack of Romish zeal and eneiigy p^^^ ^ft^, „„- inquiries, the cboioe of 

throughout the vast republic, as far as the ^hese brethren feU on Mr. VoUer of Tiptoe, 

priests are concerned. Yet the Irish Roman ^^^ Birmingham, formerly peator of a 

Catholic, knowing all this, but knowing also ^huroh in Manchester. AooepUng the oilL 

that popery is shorn of her spiritual terrors m ^r. VoUer embarked with his wife and yoww 

America, and that she dares not fetter the f^jjy j^ ^^^ Meridian, on the 4th of Jbm ; 

soiU of man m that country, the moment he ^^e rest of the nanative wiU be be* givMi m 

feels the free air of liberty about him, and j^j, ^^ ^^^^ ^ contained in a letter to the 

knows that he cannot be persecuted and ^jj^, ^f ^^0 Nonconformist, dated** Port 

publicly cursed from the altar if he choose. Louis, MauriUus, Oct. 6th, 1863." 
to inhale it, just hears mass for the Inst times 

on the Sunday after hU arrival to bid good- -^kar SiR,-Pre«iming a brief nazntiTe 
bye to the old delusion, and thereafter be- ^^ ^^e wreck of the finsTbarque Meridian, 
comes a protestant-a happy, contented. Captain Hemaman, on iU way from Londo. 
moral, and religious man. Will a mission of ^ g^ ^^^ papers and caigo, wiU be 
Irish pnests alter this state of things and interesting to mirtZyour readei^ and te 
make the American Union, as far as its CeiUc ^^e addiUonal reason that your paper circn. 
popubUon are concerned, another Ireland j^^^ through almost the entire circle of my 
"in mercy to the peop e who must suffer in ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ ^ hasten to send it, in 
this worid to preserve the faith for genera- ^ope that ycu will give it insertion in your 
tions to succeed them, and 8«:ure to them- ^^jj^ ^^^ber after coming to hand, 
selves nevernending salvation ? Oh, by all Qn the evening of the 4th of June, we 
meims, let the expenment be tried. Let a ^^^ ^.^^ Gravesend, having on board 107 
band of popish propagandists and prosely- , -^ ^,^ U [^ the night of the 
tisers invade America and there claim the ^^^ ^ur progress was, on the whole, good ; 
hbcrty of action which Rx)mc denies to pro- especially till off the Cape of Good ilopa^ 
tesfant miBsionanes m Ireland, and we shall j^ ^j ^j^j^^ we had some rough weather- 
see what will come of it. It is too late m ^ succession of sudden, heavy squalls, with 
the day to transplant popery to the Amen- ^ne or two smart gales. NoSng^ any 
can soil. Whatever the errors of that mighty ^^^ j^ad occurred, except on thTnight of 

people popery, m any of its aspecti^ is not ^^e day we cross^ the line, w&n an 

one of them. Rome may long exalt her horn ^j^^ Jj. g^ '^^ „^,^ ^^ich, for a few 

above the ruins of ancient or medi«val ty. ^-^^^^^ appeared to be too well founded, 

rannies, but the power which has sprung into ^^^ cons^\i^tly, threw us into a sUterf 

lusty hfe amidst the noontide of the avihsa- indicribable coiIsternaUon ; but the canst 

turn and liberty of the past hundred years, ^ ^^^^ ^ be harmles^the excitement 

can never be other than protesant.^ ^^dded almost as rapidly m it arete. The 

terrible catastrophe I have now to rriatt 

OLDTOWH, MAINE. occurrtd on the evening of the 24fh Augntly 

** We see by our exchanges " says the on the Island of Amsterdam, in the oaalft 

Philadelphia Christian Chronicle, ^that the of the Indian Ootts. For naiij Immi 



led ber tonne under much heavier 
; a finer tcsmiI could not be lent to 
irduigcrwugreellrincretuedbr the 
I of the eTCDiiig. The iiland riaee 
rnptlj from the wo, and a. dense 
iveloped it, lo that it had the ap- 
^■t adistuice.of ■ hcaTj aquoll, and 

sbi 1 it irai miatikcn by the Mcond 
'ho, on IraTiog hii watch at ni 
Mid to bin luccesior, " There's a 
aoxqiult B-bead ; jroa bad better 
haip look oat." Had Ihii cauHon 
<W, it iHight AsDB been much belter 

At that moment then were but tew 
tviit HI and death ; yet all was 
tJTclf peaceful beloir ; we were le- 
andrea with ten, not more diseom- 
•D, rram the hearj lurching of (he 
had for tome hoitn previouidf been. 
' teren, preparation wat jnnde for 
the children to bed ; and, while 
I to tbii, a furious batlerj cnm- 

•ithoul ; ware after wave, with 
d Tioienee and npiditj, eliock the 
d comiderable quantities of water 
len in. Still, howerer, we dreamt 
a peril, nai were proceeding irith our 
lant, when, niddenly, there waa a 
Mn ahock ftmn beneath, which made 
d qnint bom item to ■tern, like a 
liw »iad, Anolher, and another, 
bar, qoicklir followed, knocking ererr 
iml with great riolence, and arcom- 
rhh craving Kiuade, a* though we 

tb* jawB of KiTne huge monater. 
■nj ibock the ehip lunk, until it 
Siad DD the rocky bed from which it 
mored aflerwardB until completely ' 

to fiamnenti. It will bo kind not 



tiope, and 
) lee aide 



Thii soon became the geneial hope 
hence quitting the cabini on Ihi 
□f the ship, all made for the aaloon, and 
taking up the beat podtion obtainable, 
awaited the iaaue. Huddled together in the 
deepest aniiely, there we remained, for nine, 
some for ten and twelre honn, lintening to 
the howling templet, and witnewing the 
gradual demolition of oar fiail shelter, the 
water pouring ia at the broken ikylighle, anil 
every joint loo*ening gradually, until it ap- 
appeand certain we muit be crushed beneath 
the falling deck. About twelre at night the 
ahip parted at the mainmiul, the fore part 
was Kiou in iplinten, and waahed on the 
shore ; the after part, howeier, haring been 
built of the strength ofa castle, held together, 
not only through the night, but for two or 
three days after. The mainioast fell almoM 
luilmpaired, and in such a position ai to form 
a sort of bridge from the laloon door to the 
beach, and thus proTideatially aided onr 
escape. The moon began to lend a little 
light to the scene of hoiror about half-past 
two, and immediately efforts wae made to 
reach the shore, The third mate, aided by 
one of the seamen, formed a connection be- 
tween the saloon and the falUa mast by 
ropes, and commenced theremoTHl of women 
and children : in time the dehrerance of all 
was effected with no other injury than a few 
■ciatchea and bmisea, occaaioned by tho 
BUigea knocking the poor fugitirea agaiiiN the 
rocks, and scattered fragments of the ship. 
The scene that presented itself to each as he 
lefl the Bhip, baffles conception. It wassutel/ 
(he very, perfection of the terrible. The 
change, ct course, was eargeily sought, but 
was no Booner reaUied than accompanied br 



34 



AUBTRAUAK INTELEJGSNCE. 



pnrties, presonlin;^ n complete contraBtl to 
the comfort aiid respectability of iippvfunince 
which had marked all bat a few hours befoie. 
The morning light came faithftiUr cnongh, 
no doabt, but it sesnad to tarry long, md 
when it came, did but little to relieve our 
sorrows. Duiing all that had occurred, how- 
ever, a giacioua Eye had bean eognixant of 
our diAreaieSy and soon the proofs of provi- 
dential care were displayed. With returning 
hunger, food was laid at our feet, and for our 
thirst, water from out the rock won disco- 
vered ; whilst, in a few hours, to comfort the 
exposed, warm clothing in the shape of red 
and blue Jersey frocks, ready-made trousers, 
hoys' jackets, and laige pieces of flannel were 
cast [upon the beach, and in such profusion 
us to supply all ; but for this supply, many 
must speedily have (writhed from the in- 
clemency of the weather. On that spot we 
remained in imminent risk the lirst two days 
nnd nights, a rink shown hy the fact, that 
scarcely had we removed before the sea rose j 
above our highest resting-place, and swept aU ! 
most every thing away. \Vu cannot omit to i 
notice the goodness of Him who gives to the 
sen its decree, and who, during our temporary 
abode there, had said to it, "Thus far shnlt thou 
go, but J no farther." By Saturday, means i 
were provided to scale the cliff, and the ' 
attempt was made. One of our number had 
found his way up nnd down again, at a 
distant point, though it nnirly co#t him his 
life. After him, two othen ascended , carry- 
ing ropes, which were suspended fitim a cmg, 
and hy means of which the top was gained. 
It was a tedious and dangerous work, occu- 
pying nearly a day and a half. The scene 
above was scarcely more cheering than that 
))oloir. Sea birds appearetl to be sole pos- 1 
sessors of the place, and most unwilling to 
Imj disturbed. A thick jungle of reeds, six, 
eight, nnd ten feet high, covered the surface. ' 
Water was the only .thing found useful to 
man. True, a few young hinU were scorched 
to death by setting fire to the jungle, nnd 
of which soup was made, serving us for a 
portial meal, but nothing more. Our only 
nuteiiance was suppli^ hy tho wreck, 
which was not only very limited in quantity 
but much deteriorated in quality, having 
l)een soaked with salt water. At most, we 
save<l but about six dayiT provisions, dealt 
(»ut in quantities just sufficient to sustain lifS?. 
More, undoubte<ily might have been saved, 
but for the hndiscretbn and brutal selfishness 
of our crew generally, who, instead of 
generously assisting the* passengers, of whom 
so many were women and helpless children, 
were either drunk, or bent upon plunder. 
Nearly the whole; of the wreck lay on the 
bench for four or five days, but was then 
washed out to sea, leaving us nought but the 
bare rocks. It then became evident to all 
that our only chance of lifb waf hi being 
shortly taken off hy some ship: but who conld 



hope for any ihlp to^eom* m« aicb a ptaw, 
while boandhM aw loom inviled tben lo 
avoid its dangers ! And WBtpfum aae shoold 
come, what could be dona fat in t No boat 
in the world coold make the sltoia; mj 
attempt at our leaeoa would probaWy aug- 
ment the disaster* or auppoaag that piao- 
ticable, what ship eonld lecam m naay 
or find provision till wa coaid laach ttia 
nearest port 1 AU kapa^ except in thapoww 
and goodness of God, was cat off; ta Hi« 
aUme could we look, and to Hia, I kaav, 
some did look in a pray at fa l aad iai%nad 
spirit, and He in fetam laokad apon na aMh 
paternal pity. In time delivefaaca came by 
the only prsicticable meaai. 

The Saturday, Sunday, and part af Mon- 
day were passed in deepest aolicitade, our 
condition becoming most painfkil fWaa nc«t- 
sive fatigue, hunger, cold, and sleeploaHWM. 
About midday on Monday the first asgnal of 
hope was given. The ciy was suddenly 
raised, " A ship, a ship, a ship ! ** aad so 
frantirally by my dear wifo, who fint Mnr it, 
as to frighten all the children around har. It 
spread through tho camp with inciadible 
rapidity, and instantly every one that coold 
make for the cliff seixed hold of aaythiag 
that would serve for a signal of di stif ^ aad 
then waited in intensest anxiety, watching 
tho course of the vessel. It bore towards oi^ 
and our anxiety give way to an indeseribaUe 
joy — a joy wliich reached the highest endma- 
hlc pitch, when cur signal was answered. It 
was not of long duretwn, howerer, for no 
sooner were our signals answered, than the 
ship was blown out to see, and we saw no 
more of it till the Wednesday morning. 
Then onr spirits were again revived by the 
npi^earanco of a boat, well manned, awMag 
towards us ; having approached sufB cl sa il y 
near, the crew beckoned to us to follow them 
nnmd the island, as it was impossible for 
them to render us the smallest help thcro. 

The ship turned out to be a whaler, the 
Monmouth, of Long Island, N. A., Captidn 
Isaac LudJow. It had but then arrived to 
whale round the island. The captain had 
spent the previous season thersy had became 
acquainted with every crevice round the 
place, nnd, fortunately, well knew the only 
two points where very occasfonally a landing 
might be effected. The order to folfow wm 
socn obeyed, too soon, as in many fnitaacca 
it turned out to be ; for, sopposing the 
distance compimtively short, and being %no- 
mnt of the difl^culties of the way, we set off 
with littlo or no provision, and paiid most 
dearly for it. The distance in a direct line, 
and on level groimd, would not have heen 
much, not more than from six io seven railea. 
It requirc<1 the boatmen but one short hcmr to 
row to us round the skirts of the luid, but to 
us it was a journey of three or foor days^ 
walking almost incessantly from soniisa'to 
sunset. Steep nags, deep*mvines^ pitfhlK 



Ub* ta Mkct a plan to lie down 
wd ^ra i miM- liiw la tlte repon <rar 
tmatrn vooM >ft>rd. Wa AbU know 
■th «(Mt it k to hate beard aiakiag 
tMrftr vctaraad IwMd, ind ta ma 
T kiUafai^iag likdr to affiKdthMi 
l44*T0«rit«ftb as mwedibla «[b— ■». 
ttmkK«Mi tba ba^Captam i«d- 

iMaaftt MKMiM 



S which all bnt fiiitwiiai him 
riM^ «^ obliiad bin *• pot to 
1 Im*« bii WW ta diara aav fdraliona. 
da WAdfcc iMvlrfiTe 4af«,fcTit 
t tiU the Monday foUevii^ tha Mp 
uke the iitaod again- The hope oT 

fnmnon od aihTing at the end of 
itj marcb loatvned ni greatly, but ■ 
■MfoditB«Dt 'Wild. Tfatae «ai 
m, faa««tw, tboqh unr diSeioit to 
ikcd fee, and vUcli aen«d ta aoatain 
■n iriBf cMaa. In a (haltered 

«r ite «Bt xf tkt ytmt aome 
taaed hwt at aaaaa time kaca atrnm, 
f bf aaaaa wUan, and kat bome 



MM of Aa T«(Dig leava aibided ui 
■Wat, aad «■ Ihtnt aatwi lair, with n 
■ tiai ifliiafiili nckad ftam the rock 
*«^ M aah^lad. Ha* >i«iilar 
mM • weriiiBa I Without it our 



tuic ; but at laagth all wtn ihippad, and «a 
bade a glad farewell to tbe place vliieb had 
threateueii to become oui tomb. 

We had fallea iato good haada, and all oar 
■ubecquetit intereoune with Captaia Ludlow 
atTfed but .to itrengthen bia claim aa our 
ntitude and aeteonL Ferliuiatalj, tho 
HMUDOvtb wal well proniwted. A Ireah 



aod, DDtwkhataading *a aiany Momacba had 
to be BalaAcd,tber(i.inN aooogb fiiod,iritl)aut 
MistB^ any, Ut awve ht Uiii^ iaja or more. 
Our Tojagv ta the llaoiitiua occu^nad aarot- 
leen daya, wliidi, tbongh loog fan li^ 
winda and cbIm^ waa (^ledallr Talwbla in 
reatanng aa to health and ligoiir. On owr 
airiral here, irith tha excaption of one ot two 
oipplea, we vtn all in loknble haalth. Of 
coBjae, it wa* not unnatonl ta Mtwaia a 
Utie anxiety aa ta tbe reoiftian with rtich 
we ibould meM on laadiog, paHiMlariy by 
tboae who, like mywl( bad OMpad with life 
only, aad wan aWatelj penailna ; aDiL *o 
auka the beat of it poMiUa, a dcpalatiNi 
ai^Miintad fiam among the p 



fee bmgiag oi 
tressed oenditioa befcre the publiix Tbh, 
howem, tamed out but a li^t jab. Oar 
arrinl wal >ani known, and aa aoca waa a 
apiiit of geofnxu lyinp^y awakened wbidi 
will do honeur ever after to tbe M'"''''aT 
Our ^^learanoe on landing, moat of aa btang 
clothed in our red Jeiaey fTOcki, waa altilting, 
though ni wretched ai it waa coaapienoui. 
Mony were initonlly taken by merchants and 
others to their homes, and washed, ltd, snd 
clotbcd ; whilst, fei the general reception, the 



36 



EUBOPBAN INTELUGBNOE. 



tinatkm is reached. It afibrds pleaiuie to 
nj that the conduct *of Captain Ludlow and 
crew are highly appreciated generallyi and 
that, both from the government and more 
private souroes, they will receive lome sub- 
stantial tokens of admiration. 

Much might be said respecting our 
esteemed captain of the Meridian. Doubt- 
less, heavy censures would have fallen upon 
him had he survived, and may do even now 
he is gone. I am indisposed, however, to cast 
any. Up to the fatal hour he enjoyed the 
fullest confidence and esteem of his passen- 
gers ; and if by any one he is deemed guilty 
of indiscretion, let it be remembered he was 
the first to pay the highest penalty that could 
be exacted for it. It is with a sort of grate- 
ful sorrow we have to record the loas of only 
two others, the cook and a passenger named 
P&n, a foreigner, both washed away soon 
after the ship struck. So small a loas of life 
under such fearful circumstances, and with so 
many females and young children, is little 
short of the miraculous. An allusion has 
been made before to the conduct of the crew 
generally. To the censure then passed an 
exception is deserved on behalf of toe second 
and third mates, Mr. Edward TuUock and 
Mr. Leonard Worthington, and also a sailor, 
Charles Snow ; but especially the latter two. 
On the night of the wreck they were instru- 
mental in rescuing the passengers, having 
carried out all the children, and aided essen- 
tially the females. But for their generous 
and persevering efibrts, 'tis to be feared the 
list of the lost would have been considerably 
larger* Of the rest, with very trifling dis- 
tinctions, the less said the better. Never was 
a greater contrast exhibited than betwixt the 
spirit and conduct of the crews of the 
Meridian and Monmouth respectively. But 
enough ; I feel you will deem this letter too 
long alieady ; therefore I close, expressing 
the earnest hope that, to those entrusted with 
cargoes of human beings to our Australian 
colonies, our fate may be a warning, and 
induce them to keep for enough off the 
Island of Amsterdam. 



EUROPE. 



DENMARK. 



The news from Denmark is of a mixed 
character. "There is hardly a comer in 
Jutland,*^ siys Mr. Fultvey, of Aalborg, 
** where the Mormonites are not busy trying 
to gain followers.'' 

Happily those who speak of a better faith 
are also listened to, and the correspondents of 
the MissionsblHtt speak of numerous assem- 
blies at many of their stations, and in some 
castt of a friendly feeling shown towards 
them by persons not at all disposed fMm 
their position to regard them kindly. The 
IbUowing may terre as au inatanoe. 



The ma^btnte of « certain pbiee mVirf tb« 
clergyman to pioTe that the ♦— ^**'"f of the 
baptists was fiUse, as he intended, whenofer a 
baptist should again come into hk nejghhoar- 
hood, to hold a meetiog to anest him. The 
clergyman advised him that he should not do 
so, because such an action would be alike 
contrary to the word of God and of the king. 

During the months of January, Febraatj, 
and March, many Tery numeioas aasiimMisi 
were held on the island of Oeland. The 
clergyman attended aome of them at 6nty 
praised the brother who conducted them, 
invited him home to confer with him on 
various points of doctrine, and waa itrj 
friendly. The people were a rough aet, and 
spiritually dead. Hardly any of them 
thought of going to church, but after the 
word of God had been explained to them 
earnestly and in plain words^ many began to 
attend there, which greatly pleased the 
clergyman. One of them, who beliered, 
came into Aalborg and was baptiied, so now 
the incumbent comes no more among theoi, 
and has forbidden his parishionen to hold any 
more meetings. 

In Meerlose there is a laige, new diapel, 
which was used several times before it coidd 
be finished, and in which there ia already 
no room to spare. 

PRUSSIA. 

A leaf from the journal of Mr. Anst may 
show the work of a colporteur in thie 
neighbourhood of Konigsberg. 

Mr. Aust was formerly a schoolmaeter in 
the Lutheran church. Apparently no Chris- 
tian people were near him, or at leaat he 
knew them not, for he speaks of his loneli- 
ness and longing for a pure community of 
Christians, till he became acquainted with the 
baptist church at Stolzenbeig, and after some 
struggle of feeling joined himself to them. 
He is now employed as a colporteur, and 
thus records one of his expeditions :~* 

On the 16th of June I travelled from 

Konigsberg to T . I saw on the way 

before me a party of people travelling home 
from the Luienmarket at Konigsberg. 
Rejoicing even from a distance in the 
opportunity of announcing aalvation by 
Christ to poor sinners I breathed a pnyer to 
the Lord, and advanced among th«n. A 
very few sentences betrayed to me that the 
conversation going on was very undesirable, 
and, after a few minutest silence, I began to 
speak nearly as follows : — 

^ Excuse roe^ good people, for interrupting 
you. but may I ask you a question t' 

Most of them : " Certainly." 

"Are you Christians .»" 

Most ; but rather surprised : 
Some : ** We must be Christians, but 

^ But, good people, if you are Christians 
how can yon maintain fuch an nngodlj 



i»» 



*i 



YesL- 



BOMB INTELLIGENOE. 



87 



very 



?» that fit finr Ouiitiaiis ! We 
BOit give an acoount for erery idle word we 
tfmk, moat we not f* 

" Yei, yes, we ha?e leamt that, but we do 
Btt act aecordingly." 

''That Sa Teiy bad. Happy are ye, not if 
J9 know these worda^ but if ye do them. If 
yoa aie Chiiatians you should have in you 
Christ's spirity and all you do should be 
hnij, hoDourable, and of g03d report ; if 
there is any Tirtue, if there is any praise, 
ttink on these thingk" 

Sevcrnl : ** We are not such Christians as 
Oat.* 
** WriU what are you then?" 
« We are had ChrisUans." 
A woman : " We are heathen.*' 
" But there is help for you if you will but 
lake it. Will you allow me to speak fhrther 
tiHuttinB!" 

Serenl: ^Ye^ we should like it 
mneh. We will listen willingly." 

A woman : ** I was glad when I saw you 
cominfe for I recognised you as the gentleman 
who gave away little books in our village 
some wedu ago, I have read through the one 
yoa gave me three times. You eaid only a 
few words to me, but I shall never forget 
what you told me as long as I live. I am so 
glad you are come again. I shall be so glad 
to bear more.^ 

* A man : " But then we must all bo 
baptized." 

** My dear friend, I have not said a word 
about baptism ; you do not know what I 
mean to relate, so listen. Do you wish to be 
saved?" 

" Who does not wish to be saved ? Every 
one does, we should suppose. But we are so 
poor we cannot do all we should, we cannot 
be always singing and praying, and so it fares 
badly with our Ovation." 

''But who has told you that you should 
pray and not work ? Does not God in his 
word say : ' In the sweat of thy brow shalt 
thou eat thy bread ?' If you would be saved 
you must turn to the Lord Jesus Christ, the 
Saviour. He is the friend of the poor, and 
receives sinners. The word of God says : 

* Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou 
Shalt be saved.' " 

Several : *< If we had some one with us 
every day, who would direct and explain to 
us, we should lay hold on it, and become 
such believers as those are who are with 
him.*' 

*• There is one who will be with you every 
day. Only search the scriptures, read the 
gospels and epistles, and go only to the 
Saviour of sinners, who invites you so kindly. 

* Come unto me, all ye th^ labour and are 
heavy laden, and I will give you rest.* " 

''I went with these people about two 
miles. They seemed very glad of it, and 
tepHied that some of ( heir ifriends were not 



present also. At parting I promised to visit 
them." 

A call m a coantry house where several 
women were spinning together, follows ; but 
is not so much detailed. It manifests on the 
part of the people the same good-humoured 
readiness for conversation, with as much 
ignorance of true religion as was betrayed by 
Mr. Aust's travelling companions. 



/ 



HOME. 

OLOUCBSTBRSHIBB ASSOCtlTlOX. 

This Association comprises twenty-seveji- 
churches :— 

OhuctiUr District. 

OlonoMter... 

Cheltenham J. Smith. 

Tewkesbury T. Wilkinson. 

Naonton and Gniting J. TeaU. 

Cnbberloj and Winstone ...T. Davis. 

Winchoomb 8. Dann. 

Ledbury C. E. Pratt, 

Hereford J. Davey. 

Rjreford!!!!.".'!.'!.'.".*.".\'.'.*.'.";.'!!a Walker. 

Stroud Diitriet. 

Stroud «...W. Yates. 

Chalford... B. White. 

HlUeley 

Tetbury 

Ulej R. G. Le Maire. 

King Stanley J. Lewis. 

Nappend 

Slimbridge 

Thombary H. Le Pevre. 

Woodchester 

Kastoombe S. Packer. 

Painswick J. Cook. 

CoUford District 

Chepstow T. Jones. 

Monmouth H. Clark, A.M. 

Coleford J. Penny. 

Woodslde H. Webley. 

Lydney E. E. ElUot. 

The annual meetings were held at Ross, 
May 17 and 18, 1853. Rev. J. Davey was 
chosen moderator. The circular letter, on 
** The claims of Christ upon the property of 
his professed followers," was read by Rev. S. 
Dunn. Sermons were preached by Rev. W. 
Yates of Stroud, and Rev. T. A. Bliss, B.A., 
of Chipping Norton. Addresses were delivered 
by the Rev. Messrs. Tenll of Naunton, Wilkin- 
son of Tewkesbury, and Smith of Cheltenham, 
on ** Spiritual declension, its cause and 
eftects," "The duty of Christians to the 
church and the world,** and ** The graces 
necessary to secure Christian imion and the 
prosperity of the church." 

Petitions were adopted against the Govern- 
ment Education Bill and church rates. 
Alas a resolution requesting the liberal mem- 
bers for West Gloucestershire, Cheltenham, 
Cirencester, Gloucester Hereford, Tewkesbury, 
and Stroud, to support Sir W. Clay's motion 
for the abolition of the latter impost. 

Rev. Messrs. Lewis and Tenll were ap- 
pointed delegates to the Anti-State-church 
conference. 



uoMB arnELuamroi^ 



BapiisAd 89 

R«t4Mred.M ^ 6 

147 

BMOCI ••••••••••■•••■••••••«••••••••*«• #w 

Excluded ^ 29 

1<M 

MreiM •• 41 

Number gf ■mbfln.M SOSO 

In addition to these changes one church 
has lost a large number by emigration. 



ASfOOIATIOA'. 

This Anodation comprises fifteen churches. 

Ashdon Le Ferre. 

Braintreo D. Rees. 

Borea A. AodereoB. 

Bomham ^ J. OarringleB. 

Danmow ^ ^ B. Motfte. 

Eari'aColM... J. WalUi*. 

Langl^ C. Plafer. 

Upper Chneh, do 

.^^-^ {isssr- 

Roxnted 8. Pearoe. 

Saffiron Walden J. a Gilaon. 

Siunpfofd ^ B. Beddow. 

Thorpe J. Bateber. 

TiUiBgham O. Wealej. 

White Colae.^ »....J. Dixon. 

The annual meeting was held at Bumham, 
on tba 31st of ^lay and the 1st of June, 
when the Circular Letter on tlie Diffioaltics 
and Supports of the Christian ministry, 
written bj brother Anderson, was read and 
adopted. Brother Garrlngton wis chosen 
moderator, and brethren I). Rees and J. 
Challis were appointed ie^>ectiYel7 Secretary 
and Treamrer for the year ensuing. 

Baptised 28 

Bycxperienoe 6 

Bj letter 10 

Br restoration S 

4fi 

Deoeasew •••••••••••>•*«••••••.••«•«•• xo 

DiMdaaed. ^ 9 

Excluded » 96 

«0 

Clear deeraase 14 

Iiuioeir of zaeiiDere*... ..••••••••■•••««•.. IISI 

Baadagr achool ebUdren ^... 1S74 

VQlage Btationa 82 

The next meeting is to be held at Earl's 
C(^c^ on the last Tuesday and Wednesday 
in Kay, 1854. 



SUFTOLK AVB KOltFOLK AflSOCiaTMR. 

This Association comprises twoity-six 

charehfi; — 

BaidwttU Barrett 

BecGles m.......*m»^*»».... Wright. 

BosucaT.M « F* Brown. 

OhaivMd 

Craasftttd ....«.....M.»^...Baldwin. 

Crowileld 

Bail Solnin 

4lfeai AiliMd^.....M...».Baker. 

Onmdiibiugh ...Collina. 

HsdlaUgh •M.M»»*..M**M*M*«*Matthew. 




.^BaekhovM. 



»■—•••••• 



Laxfleld^. 

Norton 

Occold.. 

PalhaiB, St. lfaf7...........Tajlar. 

Battleaden ParaoM. 

Biahanglea. O. Harrla. 

Soraerahaai Croek. 

Waldringftald .. 

Walsham le WUlowa 
Wattiriiam Oeoeer. 

The annual meetmg wm heldat llifhM|% 
June 7th and 8th, 195%, Brothar Cwms 
was chosen moderator. In consequenat «f 
the absence of brother WiWit, t^m, IMilj 
indisposition, the Cironlnr Ltftler, cm * The 
Pecuniary UI>UgatiMM iasepanbia iMA the 
Volniitary Principle," vrtltea kf hte» 
read by biother Isnae, attd w«s «fprof«d 
adopted. 



Bapttiea ..■.»......-..—..■■»— m» iws 

BeceiTed by letter ..^m......... 17 

Bestored T 

Baaiofvd by deatli .....•«»«»«. 4$ 
DiasBiaaed m..m.m.m>..m«...m..m 18 
Separated 22 



81 
49 



Nninber of meoibera.M.M*..M ..mmm*.* 

Village StaUona 02 

Sabbath achool children ^..m........ 1392 

The next annual meeting is to be held a 
Charsfield, on the second Taeid«y and 
Wednesday in Jime, 1854. 



woncaBnmsBoui 

This Association ' comprises thnteen 
churches : — 

Alceater »..•.•« M......M. Philpln* 

Aatwood f . PldOBpa. 

Atca-Leaen .••••.•..••••■.»«•* 
ETeaham, Cowl 8traat.«..J. Hwikla 
BTeiham, Mill 8treat.......H. Bamatt. 

PerahoM F. Orerbuy. 

0tratfMd T. Bvaqvoa. 

8tBd)er and CookkiU ...... W. Maiaqr. 

Warwick T. Naah. 

Weatmaneote J. FmmtiM. 

The annual meeting was held al Aatwood, 
June 7th and 8th, 1858. Mr. PhiniM was 
appointed chairman. The dreolnr litttsr 
prepared by Mr. Phillips on the ^ Aspect of 
the Times and the Duties ef the Cbweli 
relating thereto," was read and sidepM. 

atoHttkt. 

Baptlxed 29 

Reeeivvd by lelAer .^...«^«.. 28 

Aoctored ......»..•...».«...•...• 2 

41 

BefBOTod bj death ...m..m 22 

vi^Bnaaaa ....».«—»....«..«..■.«.».. la 

Excluded IM 

M 

Clear deereaaa... „^^ is 

Ifvmber of meBiben...^...,^....,.^.. 1388 

OUMIttm^ PGINMBIV .......... .......«»...iia n .aa mOM 

Sunday School Teaohera til 

YiUaga sUUons •• .^........m... 21 



BOU imUKlIHCX 



Tfci iplwlMKlijiifrti 
> l» b* hdd at Evidhm, m tki TMdu 



Ob Witoiilg, AmhI S4tk, Kr. EU 
Vnm WW rabUclr «4wind patof wnr tht 
teptki <tenk It HkbMrtk, iMU IbUbx. 
S«niM rwMnii al om o'de«k ia lb* 
dttyini^. «lua tb* Bar. E. FMoklu of 
Galw^liMii ^nadi^ thaMtiptoR* aad 
paja4 1 Uta Ba*. T. VaMjp «f WaiugUe 
ana out tbe hrmat ;_tlw Rei. P. Scott of 






a the nature 



. W. UolmM of PoI« Uoor uked 
i qucatkm^ and recaJTad Mr. Dnon't 
B of bitb, and alio ottrtd tie ot- 
^Bation prajar ; the Her. AnM Djson of 
Rotherham gara a Uthftil anil impnslTe 
chaiga to Ua bcotlMr, ftom I Tlmothj It. 



16. At Bx o'ekkk k the af«aiag Iba BeT. 
W. B. GoodnuD of Steeplaae read the 
Kriptuiee and oAned pnjcr ; the He*. J. 
Barker of Lockwaod, Mr. Dymi'a fcnnar 
pMtor, pnachsd to Iba cbonA and oongcaga- ' 
tlon froin Epha^ani 1*. 99. Tha tnricv 
were veil attended, and it ia hoped that the 
dltine blcMb^ nmj ilcbJj deaeead npoa tba 
miioa Mnpldond^ e«Bun«Mad. 



rOUBlK, WILII. 

On the leth or October bat, bfr. John 
Jonn of Vtk, wai public]; raeosnlted •) 
pastor of the bapliN chorch at Conham, 
Wild. Mean. Thomas of Pont/pool, 
Probeit of Biutol, Danlell of Helkiban. and 
Breeie of Swindon, officiated on the Jater- 
eating occaiion. Tbe baptist biteraet at 
Conham bas Kteral tillage itatioaa con- 
nected vilh it, and present* an important and 
promi^g sphere of labonr. 




Tbe fmrndaliaa alone of Ihia chapel trns 
kid on the 33nl Nornnber, 1S&3, bj J. R. 
BoQsfield, Esq., who made some suitable 
ohKmlions on the conne of eienta which 
had pmgiessiTelj' led to tbe proceedings of 
that day, after which ths Rev. John Aldia, 
JeliTered an appropriate and verr interesting 
address. The devotional parts of the lerdco 
■ere conducted bj the Ren. Joshua Russell, 
J. Lncv, Thomas Timpssn, J. B. Davia, and 
John Crawford, tbe minister prwiding over 
the church now snembllng at the tcmponry 
(LpaL 

NntwilMBdiattba la t sa w softhe ssason, 
Mdtbe Mfa ta su abla atalaof tba weathsr, a 
large awl ic ^acta fcl s timpmtj <«smhlad fa 



the marquee to join in the service and witness 

tbe ccmionjr. 

A considerable number of fiienda partook 
of a cold collnlion, proridcd in the lem- 

Eorary chapel, at which Mr. Aldennnn Chnllni, 
I. P., presided. During the evrtiing aereral 
ministers and other gentlemen addressed the 
meeting, and some Talunble additiooa Were 
made (o the IJat of cDntributioos. 

The colli of the building, including the 
ground, will be nbout £2500, and the com- 
mittee have in hand or in reliable promise* 
about one-third of that amount, and Ihejr 
(rust that, through the liberal aid of Chriatian 
fHenda, the grealer part if not the whale of 
tbe remaining sum ma; be contributed either 
before or itt tbe openng <f tVe CVa^s^ 



HOUE INTKLLIQENCK. 



nxTEuttN, Knr. | 

On Wedne.d«, HoTimbti Bth.Mr. J. 
Sichardt, k meiDbeT of tlie cbnrch >t Sbould- 
him Street, P«ddington, *■• recogaiied m 
pwtot of the baptiM diurch meeting in Zion 
oh«peI, Tenterfeo. The Re». W. Syckel- 
moTt, at &iuuden, uitmluced the afteniooa 
■enice bj reading tbe ■criplurae and prajer, 
tbe ReT. J. H, Blmte of Sandhunt Haled the 
nature of a goepel church, the Rer. W, A. 
Blake of Shouldham Street propoeed the 
uiual queMioni, and the Re*. T. Rolfo of 
Smarden offered the ordinntion prfljef ; in i 
lh« eiaoing the Rev. W. A. BlaltB delivered 
■n addrna to the paator, and tbe Rev. T. 
Wall of Rje addteieed the church and con- 
gregatioD. There was a large altendance at 
both lenicee and a good feeling appeared to 
be produced. 

UEHOSB FL1C£, 008WSU. SOAD. 
On Taeadar eiening, Not. 32nd. 1S53,> 
public meeting vas held in the above chapel, 
fn connexion irith the aettlement of the Rgt. 
D. Jenningi, who hat become associated 
with the Tenemble J. Peacock, in the 
paWorate of the church in thnt place. About 
250 memben of the chnrch and congregutioi 



ImpoTtsnoe of tbe minUerU office. 1%* 
I^T. C. A. H. Shepherd implored th* 
d ivine bleanng on the paator and the ehnrdi. 
Jlie Rev. WUIiam Brock addrewed tbe 
I'hurch upon the Beoeantj of a cordial 
co-operation with tbe partor. Tb« Rer. 
t. H. Soule, U. J. BetU, J. Brook, W. G. 
Lewii, J. Bigvood, and C. WooUaootl, took 
iither parte of the aerTicea, the whole of 
which were of a pecnliarlj editing chanctcr, 
;ind no doubt will long be remembered by 
ihe Urge aiaemblf which wai preaent, the 
chapel being crowded to orer&owing with an 
ipparentljr doniut and atteotire an&cnee. 



On Wedneidaj, the SOth NoTomber, 
fervicea were held for the public leeognilion 
of the ReT. T. S. Baker, a* pailot of tlie 

cbuicli wotahipping in thie place. 

The lervicea commenced with reading and 
ftnyct by Mr. Sparke of Waterloo Road, 
Hr Keen of Lambeth delivered an intm- 
ductorj' addreia, Mr. Aldii of Man Pond 
stated the nature of a goapel church and 
aaked the utual quealioni, Mr. Baker gaTe an 
account of hia Chriitian experience and a 
confemion of his bith, Mr. TaJbot of Mile 
ptajer, Mr. Stovel of Preecotl 



down to tea, which had been gCTierouilj ; gu^t g,„e , n,(^ 'impreaaiire charge fram 



provided by John Powell, Eeq.,free of charge 
and at the public meeting, wbich waa lorgi: 
and atlentive, practical and atirring addreeacH 
were deUvered by the Rev. J. Webb of 
Iptwich on the dutiea of the paKor to tht 
cborch and the world, and by tbe Rev. J, 
Cox of Woolwich on the datiei and reiponii- 
bililicB of church memberi. 

Tbe Rev. O. ClaAe, Vernon chapel, G. B. 
Tbomaa, Islington, J. Rothery, Butteiland 
Street, and J. F. Spariie, Waterloo Road, 
engaged in tbe devotional exerdaee, and tbe 
interesting Berricei were concluded by the 
■enior paator. 



OnWBdneeda,T,November301b,lwo>erricei 
wen held in this place of wonhip, when Ibc 
Rev. Fianda Willi, late of Caveadiihcbnpcl. 
Bamagate, wai publicly recogniied at pastor 
of the church aaaemhling here. The after. 

character ; the Ren. Owen Clarke, William 
Groaer, and E. Probett leading the devotion!' 
of the congregation. The Rev. G, Wyar<l 
ilelivered an addren on ChtiMian union . 

At five o'clock, above two hundred friends 
pariook of tea in the achoolrDOiDs in t'iahcr 
Street, after which a tecond service waa heM 
in the i^pel. Tbe Rev. Edward Steani'. 
DJ).| read the acripturea and offered prayer. 
Tba Hon. and Rer. B. W. Noel, H.A.. 
•ddMMod the newly elected paator on the 



id(lfae time allotted (b 
having expired, and Dr. Angua, who wm to 
have addreiaed the church and coagTegatian, 
having kindly poatponed hia addnaa to the 
evening of I^rd'a day, the 6th January) Mr. 
Wynrd of Sobo chapel concluded the 
meeting with prayer. A tone of iolemnily 
and deep intereit appeared to pervade the 
ibly. 



R«T. E. Clark, of Weaton, near Towcealer, 
having accepted the very earnest and united 
invitation of the bapdat church at Tweiton, 
commenced hia alated laboun there, on 
Lord'a day, 27th of November. 



BOmDiLE, err POLE. 
The Rev. Richard Morriiv Dunmow, Eaiez, 
having accepted the cordial and unanimoua 
invitation of the baptiit church in thia town 
to become iti paator, entered on hia ataled 
laboun here tha Gnt Lord'a day in December, 
1853. 



HOME INTELLIGENCE. 



41 



0. V. PIUL 

Tb* B«r. G. T. Pike, of Manor Houie, 
MaoBtony who has been engaged for yean 
ia the amiitry, wo anderBtand is open to an 
inntaftioo from any baptist cbnrch destitute 
ofapMtor. 



TmiMfi HBMFffRlD. 

Ob Monday, December tbe 12th, an inter- 
cilmg tea meeting was held in the Anembly 
Room, to celebrate the settlement of the Rev. 
N. Hawke .formerly of Guilsboroogh, as pastor 
of the church and congregation worshipping 
in the baptist cfaapeU About 230 persons 
sat down to tea, after which the Rev. C. 
Wildie sappUcated tbe divine blessing upon 
tbe pastor and people. Very appropriate 
addresses were then delivered by the Revs. 
W. Payne of Chesham, B. P. Pratten of 
Boot Moor, S, Stanion of Berkhampstead, 
C. Wildie of Box Lane, and N. Hawke. 
The pastorate is one which presents a wide 
tfhen of nsefiilnesB, and the blessing of God 
maj be coo6dently anticipated in answer to 
the actiYo efforts of his servant. 



UCKlfAIWWORTB, UBRT9. 

Mr. Robert Tnbbs, of Tbrissell Street 
chapd, Bristol, has accepted a unanimous 
invitation to the pastorate of the baptist 
cbiirdi, Rickmansworth, and intends com- 
mencing his stated labours the first sabbath 
of January. 



RECENT DEATHS. 

MRS. ELIZABETH SBWBLL. 

Mrs. Sewell, late of Stepney, was born in 
April, 1789. Of her parents she knew but 
little^ being bereaved of both at the age of two 
and a half years ; from that time, until she 
attained the age of five, she was under the 
guardiandiip of her grandmother. She was 
very early the subject of religious impressions. 

When five yean of age, the death of her 
grandmother cast her upon the world an 
orphan, without a relative to whom she could 
look for protection ; but the amiability of 
her di^XMition soon won for her many 
friends. By them she was supported and pro- 
tected whilst in tender years, and afterwards a 
wsy was provided by which she could main- 
tain herself. 

At the age of twenty-five she was married 
to him who now bewails her loss. After 
residing a few yeara in the country, the 
providence of Grod removed them, with their 
two cbildreD, to London. She attended 
isfularly on the means of grace, and sat 
under tbe ministry of the Rev. Charles 
Hyatt A qMcial providence brought her, . 
on eoB oceaaon, to bear tbe Rev, Dr. I 

VOL, XTii, — WOUMTH 8EMIEB, ' 



Fletcher, of Stepney Meeting, who had 
recently been appointed to that charge. 
His text was, "I came not to call the 
righteous, but sinners to repentance." That 
sermon brought deep conviction to her heart. 
She had previously felt her sinfulness, but 
never untU now had she felt herself to be the 
chief of sinners; full peace, however, she did 
not at once find : doubts as to her acceptance 
with 'God still remained, but at length those 
dtfubts were dispelled, and she was led to 
rejoice in all the way the Lord had brought 
her. 

At the age of forty she first attended the 
ministry at Stepney College Chapel, and the 
first sermon she heard here she oftentimes 
said was truly applicable to her case. The 
words of the text were — '* Thou shalt remem- 
ber all the way which the Lord thy God led 
thee these forty years in the wilderness.^ 
She felt that she could find a home amongst 
the people, and as her own views were in 
accordance with theirs, she received the word 
gladly and was baptized. 

At the time of her union with the church 
her family consisted of five daughters and an 
infant^ son ; she earnestly wrestled for their 
salvation, and it is a happiness to know that 
each member of her family can trace their 
first religious impressions to her. It is in the 
hallowed remembrance of her son that she 
would take him in the dusk of the evening to 
her chamber, and there, like Hannah of old, 
dedicate him to the Lord. Her prayers at 
these times seemed to breathe a kind of holy 
fervour, which impressed itself deeply upon 
his memory, and will never be forgotten. 

As her family grew up her hopes were 
reali2ed, and for some few years previous to 
her death she had the happiness to see each 
one embrace that faith which had been her 
support in life and was to prove her comfort 
in death. Her third daughter is the beloved 
wife of the Ilev. B. Millard, of St. Ann's Bay, 
in the island of Jamaica ; the fourth the wife 
of Mr. N. Millard, aj?ent in Prussia to tho 
British and Foreign Bible Society. 

The most prominent feature in her religious 
character was, " love to Christ." Whatever 
happiness she felt in her own bosom, or what- 
ever consolation she was able to impart to 
others, was all tniccd to that Saviour who has 
promised to pour out abundantly upon his 
followers the blessings of his Holy Spirit. 
In administering to the necessities of others, 
expressions of gratitude would be poured 
upon her bytherecipients of her bounty: here 
she would gmsp the opportunity of manifest' 
ing her Saviour's love : — " Do not return mo 
thanks,'* she would say, *'it is the love of Christ 
which constraiiieth me; I have only been an 
instrument in his gracious hand." 

Early in the spring of thisjear her son was 
walking with her in the garden, when she 
drew his attention to an \Ny p\a,Tvl\ — 
" Observe," said she, ** how lV\a.l vA^^^ cVyr^ 



42 



HOME INTELLIGKNCS. 



to tV.c wall, just Ko should the Christian cling 
to Chri!»t." 

Townnls the close of the present year (1852) 
the symptoniB of disensc giithercd around her. 
For the first few weeks her family did not < 
npprehend that it would he attended with < 
fatal results. The whole winter was she con- 
fined within doors; at le!»gth the remedy was 
so fiir effectual ns to restore her for a short 
time to her usual henlth, nnil her family 
rejoiced in the hope that slie would yet be 
spared amnngi>t them. 

The whole <»f the Sj-rinj; of thU ye.ir she 
api'cared to be enjoying favourable health, 
but towards the midille of Juno her disease 
returned in a far more fearfUl form. Her 
physical suffering was most excruciatnig, yet 
her medical atteiiilant did not pronounce her 
to be in imminent danger. Thi* suffering 
lasted some days, and when it was subdued 
left her prostr.ite under we.iknew. Having 
obtained partial relief, a change of air wa^ 
thou;»ht desirable to the regaining of hnr 
btreni^th, and her Iwloved jwlner accordingly 
removed her, in company with her youngest 
daughter, to Woodford, in Emex. 

As she Appeared after srjme weeks, to be 
]a1x)uring under extreme physical weakness, 
her luisbimd, by the advice of the doctor, 
arranged for her to he removetl to her native 
air, (Amwell, Herts,) thinking that her 
Htrength mii^ht be regained. She reached her 
j lurney's end in Kifety, and the change 
BciMncd Kn?atly to revive her. Hero she was 
cntrr.ftetl to (he care of an only sister, and 
the whale of the following week appeared in 
a cheerful and happy frame. 

Un the Satunhiy she appeared much 
stronger, and in the evening she said to her 
husliand, " Peace — such a peace — a perfect 
peace.'* The whole of that night sho slept 
soundly — the sabbath dawned — the last 
sabbath that she would spend on earth. 

At about half-past ten o'clock in the 
rooming, God sent his messenger to call her 
away. To her sister, with great calmness, she 
said, " I am going now ;" and seemed anxious 
to say more, but could not articulate. At 
length she closed her eyes, and raised her 
hands in the attitude of prayer, in which 
position she remained for about two houn, 
and then placing her rij^^ht hand upon her 
h«irt, with a heavenly smile, she felt asleep 
in Jesus. 

As there was neither sigh, groan, nor 
struggle, the exact time of her departure was 
not known; it was between fire and six 
o'dock in the evening. 

MRS. WILD. 

Mrs. Wild, aeiUy of Sipson^ was remored 

flom the present world, Oct. 27th, having 

•ttained seventy-two yean of age^ fifty-four of 

whioh were psMed in connection with the 

haptitt churAi, Rt Harlingtan, Middlesex. 



. At a very earl v age she was impressed witli the 
; importance of divine things. In her nineteenth 
i year she publicly avowed her fliith in Jesui, 
i and did it in a manner which excited no HDaU 
I degree of interest, as immersion in the name 
I of Cliriet had never taken place before 
in this village. A baptiist church existed, but 
this ordinance had never been administered, 
those who were joined to tho church Imvin^ 
prufc#S'jd in a nei;;hbouring place, and for 
this reason it would appear they were desti- 
tute of a regular minister, for immediately 
after Mr. Torlin*s settlement in 1799, the 
deceased with four others were baptized, ail 
of whom have now left the circle below, and 
are united we trust to tlie purer and happier 
circle above. 

la the lengthened career of our dcj^arted 
friend, many events transpired of moment to 
herbclf and interest to tliosc by whom sho 
was furroutided ; but few perhaps of sufli- 
cient general importanco to auf honze a record, 
and to tliC cl-'i^ug scenes only it will be 
proper to refer. 

About two yv.irs ago, or rather more, 
tho disc'.MJ which tcrmiaated her earthly 
course lir.it male ils appearance. After the 
fir-t habhat!) in this year, she no more n:>- 
poivrcd in the temple, though by herself the 
iiopL' w;ts cherished she should again unite in 
the Sf?rvice Ih'Iow. At length however with 
the impression of others, her own was allied 
that in dentil the afflicticm would end. From 
the time hope of rceov-ery wasrelimiuished, a 
new era in her closing si)iritual career com- 
menced. I'atience, iiubniission, desire to be 
with C hrist particularly shone, and with an 
emp]la^i^ won^s cannot convey, testified to tho 
existence of heavenly principle, the salutary 
influence of he^nenly siinetihiMl affliction. 

lint if of ad van cinij spiritual life and power 
gratifying evidence w.is afforded, not so of 
physical or bodily energy. Her declining 
strength|and growing weakness weredaily visi- 
ble; and to these increasing suffering painfully 
allied. Indeed the progress of suflfering as of 
disease was grAdiml. Like a river it deepened 
M it advanced, and on reaching the Jordan 
by greatest intensity marks. Her closing 
hours were indeed painful, characterised by 
an amount of sufferring few arc called to 
experience. 

And yet with this scene of anguish elements 
of rejoicing mingled. Patience and resignation 
most strikingly displayed. She died no less 
a monument of sanctified afHiction than of 
sovereign redeeming grace. 

By tlie removal of our departed friend the 
cause has lost an old, tried and libeml sup- 
porter; churches in the neighbourhood and 
institutions of the denomination, A generous 
benefactor. It is matter for thankftilness that 
her only surviving son has long been united 
to the church, and fills the office of deacon 
sustained before him by his fhther nnd gmnd- 
fkther. 



BDITO&IAL POBTSORIPT. 



IKod, NoTember SS, at bis mitlenee, 
Emn Houe, agd Mn«ntj-fire, Iha Knr, 
Hinh Tbanai, iir ■on than fortj-iii jMn 
the paitor of tba bnptut church, Fregmora 
StiMl, Ab«ff|p*ann;, and for mail j ytm pre- 
■deot of tlM iMpliK academ;, AbtrgiiVonDj', 
bund^ in 1M7. 



On Tu«*d«r, NDvembn 83th, Ur. Wiltuun 
Sanny, the putor of the ehuich ut Bond 
Stnrt, Bishton, entered iolo tt«t. II« 
had ■ufferrJ great pain for a month pre- 
lioml/, but mu IsTouTed with madi patience 
and lubmiaion to thfe diiine will, reatinf: ns he 
did on tba rock af bii MlvaliiHi. He vhb 
lemoTcd in the miilit ot uieruloeii, and the 
church mounu iti low. On the 7lb of 
Ltecember, Mr. 8aT0Tj*» mortnl remniiis were 
depowtcd in tha new cemetery. Air. Oliver 
commenced the uiiicea by re»<ling and 
firayer. Ut, Cox oT Woolwich, (jnve i moat 
»1mdd addnai, and Mi. Trego concluded lh« 
•etiices at the giaTe. The funEinl arnnau 
ni preached by Mr. Cox, on ttic Lord's day 
in the erening, December lltli,nt Mr Goutty'a 
chopel, kindly lent for the occwion, which 
wai crowded in ercry poil 



.Mm. Mnrllia BJIlinplcy.nf Unidf. rd, York- 
fi'iire, brcnlhed her Idit on the ind Ueccmber, 
1 1133. It was her pritileec to miitnin n 
rfin»:*lcit and honoonhle connccliiin H-ilh 
ihc latplist eaiMO in Hradfonl Ca fiirly yeiin 
ui'.liin n few d.-iTf, during tho wluile or which 
'.lir.r ^c was enabled by ihi grncu iif tiuil tn 
""adnro tlie doctrine of Uod lur ^invioiii in 
aU thin)^'' She vas one of the lilttiv ti:md 
v1:o fin^t oiL't under the p.iatoml car<' of tlio 
IW. Ur. Godwin, to form the second >>a|'lift 
church in ber ualiva town, n hnnd of wliich 
only two indiTiduaU ara now left to ths clmcch, 
now numbering somewhat more limn three 
hundred membcra, and preaiitcd over by the 
Rci. J. r. Chown, " Cirnic imt.-i mc, all jo 
Ihnt Inbcur and nic hcnty laden, and I nrill 
fate you reel," were the word* in which (he 
r delighted and 

_. rithtii 

Isng pandered oTer, and thui " het end 

EDITORIAL POSTSCRIPT. 
The aeries nf liiocraphical pnpcra relating 
to Mr. Thomas being now completed, the 
(dilor cannot withhold on cX|>rcsJan of the 
patilicalion be has felt in presenting them to 
Ihe British public. Fiye-and-twcnly yean 
•go, at Ilia reiiocst of bia excellent friend 
■ho then filled the office of eccretary to the 
Baptkt HiMJoDitrr Sodetj; he rc.fl all th» 



piivata letleia and dociunents relating to the 
East ladiee whidi Were in its posseesion. 
They lioJ come, some ftom Kettering, some 
from Briiiol, loma from Olncy; they weia in 
boxes which had not l>*cn opracd for many 
years, ns thrown in without arranganwnt of 
aiKy sort, nnd tliey hiid ntver been seen by 
»ny of the living conductors of Ihe minion. 
They hSTc never been rend conacculively 
by any other person since ; and so toln- 
minoui aro they, that it is not probable that 
any other penon will erer find lafficient 
inducement to go through them, a deecriplire 
catalogue of atwre a tliousoad of the princi- 
pal hong now in eiistenca. At that lime, 
among the indelible imprcssioDi modu on the 
indlvlilual who penned them tliis wm one, 
that juttice had not been done lo tho mo- 
mory of Mr. Thomas. With this oonviction, 
he was strongly inclined to attcoipt a 
memoir of the lealous {uoneer, whose hi- 
lices hnd been of incstculahle importance 
though little known; but two considentioiis in- 
terfered ; ■ defidoDcy of infoiroalion cm some 
points was one, and the other, tbe eitremo 
delicacy of stone topics which must be uitio- 
duced, in regard lo near connexions of Mr. 
Thomas, wlio were then liiing in this country. 
Now, therefore, it is a source of grent saLii- 
fuction to him that it haa been in his power 
to lay before the baptisU of Great Britain il 
namtiic compiled on tho s]iot with much 
OIK, and written with great proi>riely of 
feeling respecting one whose luboun were 
£ulhrul and self'denyinK, and wlwm «c may 
expect lo meet with n ^''id heart in ti:al day 
(Then both he that eanelh and b.- tliiit 
rsjpeth will rejoiie logelher. 

For the vcrwa by the hdc Dr. Cox, nn the 
teventccnMi pa^o of t'lij j.rewnt number, wo 
arc indchled lo the 11.-T. Wil!:im rplon of 
St. Alhnns, and the Rnv, John Spoonw of 
Atllcboroush. The fi>rmer piece wai written 
nt Mr. Uptiin'a house, where they hnd b»en 
enjTiged together in IBJl, in an effort lo 
dilfus: Ihe gospel by means of tent preaching, 
in connexion with the Herts Uni»n ; the 
iHlter was composed at Nottingham, at a 
missionaTT meeting which the doctor attended 
ni a deputation from the Baptist Missionary 

Dr. Wayland's volumes on the Life and 
Labours of tlio late Dr. Judson, reviewed in 
our prcient numbci, will furniah materials tot 
a memoir of that eminent missionary, which 
wc hope to liavc the pleasure to lay before out 
roadct* shortly, and which doubtless will be 
acceptable lo thousands who have not ucceu 
lo llie larger work. 

A church rcquliin? tlic service* of an 
octivc, intclliKCnl, and efficient miniWer, may 
probably find one in Ihc Rev. Edward Homt^ 
who haa laboured acceptably in conoeiiioa 
with the free church o( Stirthni, to '•^wh 



44 



EDITORIAL POSTSCRIPT. 



till recently he has belonged. Having 
adopted our ticws of church goremment and 
Christian ordinances, he was baptized at 
Camberwell by Dr. Steane in the beginning 
of last month, and is now residing at 27, 
Bolwell Terrace, Lambeth Walk. 

The respected secretary of the Particular 
Baptist Fund, l^lr. W. Bailey, having been 
compelled to resign his oflice by severe indis- 
position, the Fundecs have elected as his 
successor Mr. Robert Grace, whose address 
is, •* Lyndhurst Grove, Peckham.*' 

The second annual report of the Birming* 
ham Scholastic Institution for the sons of 
ministers was presented at a meeting held in 
Shireland Hall, on the fourteenth of last 
month, the mayor of Birmingham in the 
chair. The inntitution appears to be in a 
prosperous state. The number of pupils is 
now twenty-five, for whose education payment 
is made at the rate of twenty-three guineas 
each ; part paid by the parents or friends of 
the children, and part from the funds of the 
society. The examinations which were con- 
ducted by gentlemen of eminence proveu 
highly satisfactory. Applications for admis- 
sion should be addressed to the head 
master, the Rev. T. H. Morgan, Shirehind 
Hall, Birmingham. Every annual contri* 
butor of ten guineas, and every minister 
making an annual collection to that amount, 
has the right of sending one boy who is a 
minister's son, the parents or friends of each 
pupil paying ten guineas per annum for his 
board and education. 

The ladies connected with the institution 
for Daughters of Missionaries are making a 
special appeal, with a copy of which they 
have favoured us. It urges that the institu- 
tion does not simply provide education for 
the children committed to it but also a home; 
that the charges devolved upon it are not 
relieved by vacations ; that it includes 
medical and other unavoidable expenses 
incident to illness, provision and arrange- 
ment for clothing ; relaxation and change of 
air ; and that to meet these and similar 
demands, it is highly desirable to realize 
a capital of from three to five hundred 
pounds. 

The Committee of the Milton Club has 
issued nn invitation to a toirie, to be held at 
Radlcy's Hotel in January, at which infor- 
mation respecting the institution will l>e given, 
and iu purposes will be thoroughly explained. 
We have pleasure in callmg attention to this 
meeting, especially as we understand that the 
appeal for funds which will then be made is 
likely to be final, the required sum having 
been very nearly obtained. 

The Rev. John Edwards, late of Liverpool, 
leqaesU us to say that he has left that town, 
•nd that bis present address is Ozton Hill. 
'Ihkoihead, Cbeihire* 



A new series of Clark's Foreign Theologi- 
cal Library is announced. The terms will 
be the same as hitherto: one pound per 
annum for four large /olumes demy 8vo., 
when remitted before the 31st of Mjuch in 
each year ; after that date twenty-one shil- 
lings. This series will commence, by an 
arrangement with Dr. Hengstenberg, wiUi his 
great work. The Christology of the Old Tes- 
tament, the sole right of publishing a trans- 
lation of which in this country, Messrs. T. 
and T. CUrk have secured. The sheeU will 
be transmitted from Grermany as printed, and 
it is hoped that the first volume .may be 
ready early in 1854. 

LIST OF BAPTIST MIIISTBKS. 

The following Additions and Corrections 
have been forwarded to us since our last. 

NaniM. Rasidenees. 

Ayret, J Deceased. 

Barker, J Loekwood, Yorkshire. 

BUkeman, O Relinqaished the minUtiy. 

Brown, J Norlham. 

Bum^ Dawson London. 

Barton, Joseph Cambridge. 

Butterworth, J. C Serbiton, Kingston, Sarrey. 

Caae, H Turley, Wllta. 

Cathcart, W Gone to America. 

Clark Twerton, near Bath. 

Clarke, James £. Loamington. 

Clowee, F Cotton, near Norwich. 

Domonej, Josiah Slack Lane, Yorkshire. 

Dore, John Aahbarton,'.Devon. [trr. 

Earle, J. F Has left Malton, and the minis- 
Hanson. J Ifilnesbridge, Yorkshire. 

Hardick Out of the ministiy now. 

Harrison, T. Should be Hanison/J. Bedale. 

Hart, Charles Framsden, SolTolk. 

Hawkes, W Hcmel Hempstead. 

HUljard, J Pudaey, Yorkshire. 

IU»rson, W. C RemoTed from Emswortb. 

Jennings, D London. 

Johnston, Kerr Gone to Australia. 

Jones, J. (late of Usk)Corsham, Wilts. 

Lawrence, J Gone to America. 

Morgan, W. J., M.D.Pljmoatb. 

Parkinson, J. W Deceased. 

Pilkington Deceased. 

Preece, B t Great Grimsby. 

RobBon, G Shiptou-on-Stonr. * 

Rudman. J Pljmoutb. 

Sargent, J. E Wyken, Warwickshire. 

Scarr, A Brandun, SoiTolk. 

Sillifant, J. P Went to West Indies and died. 

Stokes, WiUUm Birmingham. 

Symonds, William8...Downham Market. 

Trickett, E Gone to Australia. 

Voller, J Gone to Australia. 

Watts, J Wooton-nnder-Edfs. 

Whittaksr, J Bradford, Yorkahlw. 

Wood, J. H Haworth, Yorkshire. 

Wri|^ D .Dtceased. 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 

JANUARY, 1854. 



SHALL WK ENLARGE OUR OPERATIONS OR NOT ? 



This is the question which the Com- 
mittee desires now to sabrait to its 
constituents and friends. It is with 
them, individually and collectively, that 
the decision lies. There is no longer 
any obstacles arising from the past: 
our incumbrances are removed, and we 
are free to act. There is no need for 
farther inquiry or hesitation. Several 
esteemed ministers whose judgment 
cannot fail to command respect, — 
Messrs. Birrell and Brown of Liverpool, 
Dowson of Bradford, Stalker of Leeds, 
and Bigwood of Brompton, kindly 
visited Ireland at the request of the 
Committee last summer, and have since 
&voured it with their opinion of the 
course which ought to be pursued. 
Their recommendations approve them- 
selves generally to the judgment of the 
Conmiittee, but they will involve much 
additional expenditure. The Committee 
has already ventured to adopt one or 
two ; but it cannot with propriety go 
farther, though anxious to do so, till it 
knows that it will be sustained by in- 
creased contributions. It has therefore 
resolved to defer its decision for a few 
weeks, and afford opportunity to earnest 
friends of Ireland to express their wishes 
and intentions, or forward immediate 
aid. 

Subjoined is a brief summary of the 
recommendations referred to, as set 
forth in letters which have been pub- 
lished in the Irish Chronicle, or in 
interviews with the Committee : — 

▲THIi05E. 

All the brethren who visited it 
vtgeA the employment of an additional 



reader at Athlone. Providentially the 
Committee had been brought into com- 
munication with Mr. P. Murray, a 
native of Connaught, familiar with the 
Irish language, who was baptized some 
years ago by Mr. Berry, and was after- 
wards for a time in the service of the 
society, but who since the famine has 
been conducting schools in this country 
under the superintendence of clergy- 
men of the church of England, by whom 
he is spoken of in high terms. He has 
been already engaged, and has entered 
upon the appointed field of labour. 

WATBB70BP. 

Miss Crosbie, an intelligent lady who 
had been employed in the work of 
education in an eligible position before 
she became a baptist, but who in con- 
sequence of her compliance with the 
dictates of her conscience has been 
under the necessity of accepting the 
superintendence of a ragged school in 
Waterford, appearing to the deputation 
which visited that city to be eminently 
adapted to labour as a female city mis- 
sionary, the Committee has correspond- 
ed with her, and it finds that she is 
willing to devote herself to this work. 

NEWTOWNARDS. 

Two of our friends who visited this 
populous town having represented it as 
desirable that a large room in which 
they preached should be hired, this has 
been done. Mr. W. J. Wilson, a young 
man recently baptized by Mr. Eccles, 
who had just finished bis studies for the 
ministry in the presbyterian college in 
Belfast, and who is strongly rccom- 
mended by Dr, Cooke, ihe pxmdptsX oi 



46 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 



that ooll^^, as well as by Mr. Ecdes, 
has been temporarily engaged to assist 
Mr. Brown of Conlig, in efforts there, 
and the congregations collected have 
been numerous and attentive. 

NEW BOSS. 

This town which is about fifteen 
miles to the north-east of Waterford, 
and contains ten thousand inhabitants, 
is thought to present a very favourable 
opening for exertion. ''Here," says 
Mr. Stalker, '' there is a neat and com- 
modious place of worship, capable of 
holding three hundred, and originally 
erected for divine service, conducted 
for several years by the Rev. J. Brown. 
He is himself a baptist, and pastor of a 
church in Waterford, sympathizing 
with the views of the venerable Mr. 
KeUy of Dublin." .... "By a few 
friends (some of Mr. Brown's former 
hearers, and who meet once on the 
Lord's day to break bread) I was kindly 
received.'* .... "There is a general 
wish to have a settled preacher, and all 
with whom I conversed spoke most 
encouragingly of the opening present- 
ed." . . . . " Mr. Brown very generously 
assured mo that did your society resolve 
to occupy the station, he would (for he 
has this in his power) make over the 
chapel at New Ross to the baptist de- 
nomination, and do aU that in him lies 
to aid the efforts of your agent." 

DUNQANNON. 

At this and surroimding towns in 
Ulster there are some small baptist 
churches. In these are persons who 
desire the presence of an evangelist 
who may itinerate and prcacli in the 
district without taking a pastoral 
charge^ and who promise to assist in 
supporting such a one. Mr. Dowson, 
who visited them, strongly advocates 
their views. 

BOaCONMOK. 

The chief town of a county bearing 
^M name^ m Ibe province of Con* 



naught, has been mentioned as an 
eligible place for exertion by Mr. 
Birrell and Mr. Brown. 

Mr. Dowson urges that assistance 
should be sent to Mr. Eccles at 

BELFAST ; 

and that one agent at least should be 
stationed at 

BABSOIISTOWN OB BIBB ; 

but all the deputations advise strenu- 
ously the resumption of operations in 

DUBLIN. 

I The pastor of the church at Abbey 
j Street, Mr. Milligan, it is said, should 
I be ''sustained in his difficult position 
. by a staff of scripture readers. The 
! larger the better, but they should bp 
I men eminently adapted for their work 
' — men who are thoroughly competent to 
the discharge of the duties of city mis- 
sionaries. A letter written by Mr. 
Milligan, has been forwarded to us, 
mentioning some persons who he thinks 
might be employed advantageously in 
the work. Additional schools, especially 
of the class described technically as 
'^ Ragged Schools," are also rooom- 
mended. Mr. Birrell adds, " We should, 
if possible, have another congregation 
in Dublin, with a minister of the first 
abilities well maintained." In this 
opinion others concur. All agree that 
''Dublin has the first claim." The 
comparative freedom enjoyed there, the 
vastness of its population, and the in* 
ilucnce it exercises as metropolis of the 
country, all combine, in the judgment 
of our friends, to render Dublin peouli* 

■ 

arly eligible as a field for prompt and 
vigorous exertion. 

The whole case is now' before our 
readers. To carry out these recom-* 
mendations fully, in a manner corre- 
sponding with the design of the pro- 
posers, will require an addition to tho 
Society's annual income of sixteen or 
eighteen hundred pounds. The Com- 
mittee anticipate no other difficnlties 
than thofle which relate to ftmds* 



JANUARY, 1864. 



47 



They know where to find agents, 
if they are enabled to secure for 
them the requisite sustenance. They 
sak then, respectfully, Shall the pro- 
posals of our esteemed brethren be 
negatived, or shall the means be fur- 
iiiilicd without which they cannot be 
adopted ? It would be superfluous in 
addressing the readers of tlic Chronicle 
to expatiate on the urgency of Ireland's 
w ants and claims ; it is only nccesssury, 
in a single sentence, to remind them 
that the CJommittee does not employ 
any travelling agents to plead for the 
Society or solicit pecumary aid : it 
throws itself upon the spontaneous zeal 
and efficiency of its friends. 



IU?rBBII>OE, iaBLA.KD. 

The following extract Is from the Belfast 
Chronicle of December 12th, 1853 :— ' 

"^ Opening of a new baptist chapel in Ban- 
bridge. — The opening service connected with 
the above place of worship took place on f ab- 
Inith, the 4th instant, when the Rev. William 
O'Hanlon, of Belfast, preached two eloquent 
aad highly instructive sermons. Tlie fore- 
noon discourse was on * the perpetuity of 
Christ's kingdom* (from Ps. Ixxii. 17); and 
in the evening * on evangelical righteousness ' 
(from Rom. iii. 21 — 21). The chapel was 
well filled oil both occasions. The follow- 
ing gentlemen acted as collectors ; — John 
M'Master, Henry Herron, Gilford ; George 
Lindsay, Moorefield ; Thomay Crawford, J.P.; 
John Robinson, liallydown ; H. Moore, 
Thomas Ervin, Robert Td'CicUand, Thomas 
M'Clelland, Frazcr Morton, and John Scott, 
ljanbridge;and John M.*CloIland, of Greenan, 
Ksq-^ The following gentlemen who v.cre 
unable to attend sent contributions : — David 
Lind8ay, £m[*» J. P., /shfield, £1 ; John 
Welsh, Esq., J.P., Chinauley, £1; Robert 
Chain, Esq., M.D., £1; a Friend, £l; J. 
Bain, Esci., Belfast, £1; J. T. Reilly, Esq., 
J. P., Scarva, 10s. The Marquis of Down- 
sbire kindly remitted a receipt for a year's 
rent. The proceeds of the opening services 
amounted to the handsome sum of £3G 1 6s. 7d. 
The above place of worship is in connexion 
vitb the truly excellent Baptist Irish Society 
of London, established in the year 1814, 
having for its object the diffusion of the 
g'^pel of Jesus Christ, principally by the 
employment of missionariet, scripture readers, 
the ettablishmeot of schools, and the distri- 
batkm of bibles and tracts. It was gratifying 
in the extreme to find membera of erery 
iMMdhtt cam fug fonmrd moat cheerfhlljr / 



on the occasion of the opehhig of the above 
neat little chapel, to aid the good work by 
their presence and pecuniary assistance; 
tliercby publicly acknowledging, as it were, 
the very great benefits which the society, 
with the blessing of God^ has been the 
instrument in his hands of conferriu:; on this 
populous district and its neighbourhood. 
Working without ostentation, yet ever zealous 
in its exertions, tlie Baptist society, through 
the feai'less and persevering efibrts of its well 
chosen ministers and agents in this country, 
is successfully carrying out the glorious 
object for which it was established — namely, 
to make known the gospel of Christ among 
the ignorant; to promote the formation of 
churches where there are none ; and to 
watch over and aid Buch churches during 
their infancy. The opening of the chapel in 
Banbridge on the 4th instant, and the warm 
and general support which it has received, 
satisfactorily prove how well the business of the 
society has been done here ; and how urgent 
was the necessity for the increased accommoda- 
tion afforded by the new building is clearly 
shown by the steady additions made to its 
congregation from time to time. In their 
worthy pastor the society possesses a gentle- 
man well qualified, by his Christian disposi- 
tion and unassuming deportment, to carry out 
their all-important views in this locality. In 
his report to the society for the past year, we 
obaervo that he thus refers to the progress 
which he has been permitted to make in his 
district. * The church,' he says, * under my 
care still continues to hold on its way, and 
although the members are widely scattered 
over the country, yet they seem to delight to 
meet together at least once a week.* Ho 
add"), * God has given me &vour in the eyes 
of the people, and from all denominations X 
receive true Christian sympathy,* and at the 
conclusion of his report it is cheering to read 
that the 'sabbath-school continues to flourish in 
the midst of many difficulties, and the attend- 
ance continues punctual.' Although not a 
member of the baptist congregation, we are 
happy thus publicly to bear our humble 
testimony to the great, and let us hope, last- 
ing good which the society has effected in this 
country, and when all the difiicultics and 
trials which they have unceasingly to en- 
counter, the bitter prejudices with which they 
are met by the ignorant and the vicious, 
backed as they unhappily too often are by 
counter-active and interested influences of 
the most formidable character, when all 
these are taken into consideration, let us 
hope that their exertions may never relax or 
their efforts be restricted for want of the 
necessary pecuniary aid which is indii- 
pensable ; above all, may those efforts be 
unalloyed by temporal considerations, that 
they may ever deserve the blessing and favour 
of the Most high, without wYnc^ tio Vvwm^ti 
aid can avail/' 



48 IRISH GHRONIGLB. 

CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED SINCE OUR LAST. 

£ t. d, £ 8. d, 
Ampthill, Bedfordshire— 

CUridge.Mr 10 

Ooodnmn, Mrs 2 

Goodman, Mies 10 

3 

Blanham, Bcdo, by Ror. W. Abbott IS 1 

Higbgate, Collection 4 5 

Lewes, Sussex AGO 

London — 

Bailey, Mr. W 110 

Burgess, Mr 10 6 

Collins, Mr. W 2 2 

Lush, Mr. R. 110 

Merrett, Mr 110 

Moore, Mr. 10 

Pamell, W.. Esq 110 

Poole, Mr. M 110 

Stock, Mrs. 110 

Whitehome, Mr. J 2 2 

Woollaoott. ReT. C 10 6 

Vernon Chapel, Collection 118 U 

13 10 74 

Boyston, Mr. T. Goodman 10 

Westbory Leigh, by the ReT. Zenas CUft— 

Cllft, Rer. Z. ff 

White. Mrs. B 10 

15 

Wyoombe, by the Rot. E. DaTis— 

Darts, ReT. E 10 

Thompson, Mrs. 10 

10 

SCOTLAND. 

Viewfleld, Bridge of Allan— 

Blair, Rot. James, and Mrs 10 

IRELAND. 

Waterford, by the Rer. T. Wllshix«-^ 

Combe, J-, Esq 10 6 

DaTsy, Miss 10 

Scroder, Mr. C 10 

Thank-offering 5 

Wilshlre, Rer, T 10 6 

Wilson, T., Esq 10 

■ ■ 3 16 



Ten ▼olumet of the Baptist Magazine have been receited from Mn. Abmhamiy fyt which 
we thank her. 



The Secretary is nlways glad to receive for distribution in Ireland articles of apparel either 
fbr male or female use. He wishes also for books suitable to assist in the formation of 
congregational libraries. 



The Annual Reports for this year hate been sent out ; but if any subscribers liaTe not 
received them, they will be forwarded on application to the Secretary. Collecting Cards and 
Boxes may also be had in the same manner. 



Contributions to the Baptist Irish Society which have been received on or before the 20th 
of the month, are acknowledged in the ensuing Chronicle. If, at any time, a donor finds 
that a sum which he forwarded early enough to be mentioned is not specified, or is not 
inserted correctly, the Secretary will be particularly obliged by a note to that effect, aa 
this, if sent immediately, may rectiiy errors and prevent losses which would be otherwiae 
irremediable. 



SUBSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS will be thankfully received by the Treaauier, 
Thomas Pewtrrss, Esq., or the Secretary, the Rev. Wiluam Gbosbb, at the Mission 
House, 33, Moorgate Street ; by the London Collector, Rev. C. Woollaoott, 4, Compton 
Sinet Bagt, BruBBwick Square; and by the Baptist Ministen in any of <rax principal Towns, 



THE MISSIONAET HERALD. 




50 



THE MISSIONARY UERALD 



KING AQUA'S TOWN. 



BT THE &ST. JOBS WH£SLEIU 



About fifty miles N.E. of Clarence,] 
Fernando Po, West Africa, is the opening j 
of the river Cameroons. Proceeding up I 
the river for about the same distance, I 
nothing is to be seen but mangrove \ 
swamps on either side, pierced by ; 
various tortuous creeks. These are the 
chief miasma beds of the country. The 
roots of the trees aroh up firom two to 
four feet above th« forfcoe of the swamps, 
the thick grovss ootering a most pesti- 
lential stagnatioii* Advancing, however, 
up the main ohannel, tho eastern shore 
is observed to ohange its character, and 
from a sandj beach b^n to rise low 
cliffs of rich red-brown earth, generally 
covered to the base with various shrubs 
and trees, interspersed at the top with 
the cocoa and oil nut palms. Where 
the surface of tho clifif appears, the con- 
trast with the richly verdant foliage is 
most beautiful. You are now approach- 
ing the first native settlements, those of 
the Duallah tribe. The ^first landing 
beach, where you see canoes fiistened 
and low bamboo sheds on the sand, is 
the entrance to Emg Bell's Town where 
Samuel Johnson, the negro teacher, has 
a school The wooden building is'soon 
seen peeping through the surrounding 
trees. 

Leaving Bell Town, the next, King 
Aqua's, comes into view. Oanoes and 
sheds again mark the entrance^ and 
the first houses in sight amidst the 
trees are Mr. Saker's and Thomas H. 
Johnson^s. A little ftirther on op 
the river is similarly situated Dido' 
Town, more lately founded by a branch 
of the Aqoa £unily. The view we have 
given this month repi e e e n ts the prin- 
cipal street of Aqua Town, engrated 
from a sketch taken by the writer 
last year. The larger building was the 



palace of the late king, or chief, who 
lies buried within, with much handsome 
furniture obtained by barter for palm 
oil from English and other captains. 
According to their heathen custom, all 
is left to rot together ; the house is con- 
sidered '' fetish " or tabooed, as it is else- 
where expressed. The smaller houses 
are those of his wives, each consisting 
of a private apartment and open cook- 
ing place. In fact the entire street 
oonsbts of the whole of the domestic 
establishment of the sable chief. It 
forms a long and beautiful walk, with 
orange, lime, and other wide spreading 
trees left standing at intervals, between 
the rows of dwellings, while at the 
back are seen plantations of cocoa nut 
palms, and young and fbll-grown plan- 
tains, as represented on the right of the 
view. The inhabitants of theee towns 
act as brokers for tiie palm oU, between 
the natives In the intnior and the trad- 
ing captains. It is in Aqua town that 
Mr. Baker and T. H. Johnson, Us negro 
asristant, have so long and patiently 
laboured, and there^ through God's 
blessing, they are increasingly reaping 
the fruits of their devotedness and 
prayers. The enterprising genius of 
Mr. Sakib, has created for the native 
converts new employment as carpenters, 
brick-makers, and builders. A perma- 
nent footing is now apparently secured, 
in most influential settlements, and 
native agency being trained under most 
favourable circumstances. 

But is there no devoted follower of 
his Lord prepared to offer himself to the 
West African Mission to secure the 
continuance of needful European super- 
intendence here and in the adjoining 
island of Fernando Po 7 



FOR JANUARY, 1854. 



51 



EVANGELICAL LABOURS IN LOWER BRITTANY. 



BKiTTAmr is an ancient proYinoe in 
the west of Franoe, one half of which is 
inhabited by the baa-Bretons, who form 
a population of abont a million, and 
ipeak a langnage having a close affinity 
to the Corniah and Welsh. The primi- 
tiTe relations connecting the people 
with the Bretons of Wales, have been 
initnunental in the hand of iProvidence 
to the adoption of measures to draw 
them from the darkness of sin and 
popery, to the knowledge and graoe of 
the gospeL Wales bestirred herself in 
hYouT €it benighted Brittany. Up to 
that time the Bretons were all catholics, 
though it appears that previous to the 
iVTOcation of the edict of Nantes the 
gospel had penetrated into Armories. 

The whole bible was translated from 
the Vulgate into Breton by the late Mr. 
Le Gonidee, a native of Brittany, and a 
distinguished Breton scholar. In 1627, 
an edition of a thousand copies was 
printed of the New Testament of this 
version. The Rev. J. Jenkins went to 
Brittany from Wales in 1834, to labour 
as a missionary, and despite the many 
difficolties he has not laboured with- 
ont some encouraging success. About 
twelve years ago, the Calvinistic metho- 
dists sent a missionary to Brittany, the 
Rev. J. Williamg, who is stationed at 
Quimper, the chief town of the depart- 
ment of Finisterre. He is assisted by 
a Swiss missionary, stationed at 
L'Orient. 

It was found necessary to revise the 
translation of Le Qonidce, as its style 
was not sufficiently intelligible to the 
people. This was effected by Mr. Jen- 
kins, and with great labour, as it was 
most important to bring the version into 
conformity with the original Greek. In • 
1847, the first edition of tlic revised 
translation of the New Testament, con- 
tisting of 3000 copies, was pu])li8hed at 
the expenae of the British and Foreign j 



Bible Society, and has been found emi* 
nently useful in diffiising a knowledge 
of the grace of God. 

Several years prior to this, Mr. Jen- 
kins had established public worship in 
the town of Morlaiz, after encountering 
many obstructions for a long time trom 
the civil authorities. In 18^0-1, an- 
other edition of the Breton Testament 
became necessary, and 4000 copies 
issued from the press. About 120,000 
religious tracts have also been published 
in the Breton language, and for the 
most part distributed; also a small 
Sunday school book ; and Dr. Barth's 
Old Testament Bible Stories, is just 
ready for circulation, chiefly at the cost 
of the Religious Tract Society. 

At the close of 1847 Mr. Jenkins was 
able to itinerate in the oountry districts, 
and availed himself eagerly of the liberty 
enjoyed during the revolutionary move- 
ments of 1848 to preach often in the 
open air. The opening thus made has 
proved most valuable, and the preach- 
ing of the word has not been in vain. 
Several Bretons have been converted, 
and have obeyed the commands of the 
Redeemer. 

At the close of 1851, a very interest- 
ing work commenced. An itinerary 
school was set on foot, the teacher pro- 
ceeding from house to house, and ham- 
let to hamlet, to communicate with the 
rudiments of education the knowledge 
of Christ. The Scripture Reading Book 
and the New Testament constituted his 
school books, and his scholars were 
found in the huts and farm-houses of 
the people. This has proved to be a 
most valuable means of evangelizing a 
population remarkable for its ignorance, 
superstition, and blind attachment to 
the church of Komc. A few gentlemen 
and priests at the outset opposed it, but 
with very little success. 

Paring the present ^cw l\i"t^ ti^i\yxL- 



bt 



f H£ MISSIONARY HERALD 



try-women have been baptized into 
Christ The convernon of two of them 
18 very remarkable. One is a woman 
03 jean of age. She has had a bible, 
received from Mr. Jenkins, in her pos- 
session the last eighteen years, and the 
perusal of it has been made the means 
of [bringing her to Christ. Mr. Jenkins 
occasionally visited her daring this 
time, giving explanations of the word of 
Qod. Two other women have through 
her instrumentality been brought to 
the knowledge of the gospel. 
The other remarkable conversion is 



exorcising power the priests of Rome 
profess to have. Ho gave six months 
as the time in which his exorcisms, 
should take effect Masses were said 
for her return to the diurch of Rome. 
Three women were sent in turn, on 
three successive Mondays, to light wax 
candles in a chapel dedicated to the 
virgin at Lanmeur, six or eight miles 
off; but the candles would not take fire, 
the virgin thus wonderfully sho¥ring her 
displeasure. Friends have privately 
souglit to turn her aside. A Jesuit 
priest filled the church with his de- 



that of a young woman, thirty years of nunciations and arguments, and through- 
age, of a wealthy peasant family, and out the month ofMary she was the object 
sister to the sub-mayor {adjoint) of of unceasing reference, in the sermons 
Plougasnon. About two years ago she j and services of the Romish church. In 
became convinced of sin. Under its j spite of all the convert remained stead- 
pressure she sought peace, but in vain, . fast ; and on sabbath morning the 15th 
in the rites and practices of the church \ of May, she and two others confessed in 
of Rome. Absolution was given freely baptism the name of Chrbt. She has, 
enough by her confessor ; but it was however, been obliged to quit her plenti- 
powerless to allay the anxieties of her ' ful home, which she has cheerfully done, 
soul. Many prayers were offered, relics | without murmur or complaint. Re- 
and churches visited, penances per- j preaches and calumnies she has had to 
formed ;Iall were in vain. She remained | bear ; but with wonderful firmness, self- 
a poor penitent sinner, without peace or denial, and devotedness, she has been 
consolation. The notoriety of her case | able to forsake all for her Saviour. 
caused it to become known to the woman I These conversions have produced a 
with the bible referred to above. She powerful impression throughout Brit- 
said to a friend, that she believed she tany, and have led to many inquiries 
could tell the anxious one things from ; respecting the faith. It would seem 
the gospel, that'would yield her consola- 1 that in many quarters that impression 
tion. The young woman lost no time' is very favourable. Throughout Mr. 
in seeking it. The gospel was read and : Jenkins has received the kindest pro- 
explained to the broken heart, the heavy . tection from the maire of Morlaix. 
burden fell away, and joy filled the soul. . Recently this gentleman voluntarily 
A New Testament was quickly bought. | purchased some twenty testaments for 
The meetings of the believers were . distribution as prizes in the national 
attended, and ere long she openly con- school. 



fessed her attachment to the Saviour. 

A great clamour Was raised. Medical 
advisers were consulted and attempts 
made to prove her insane. She was 
said to be bewitched with a book the old 
woman had, by the food too of whidi she 
had partaken in the missionary's house. 
The priest was applied to, to use the 



Two of these converts are now actively 
engaged in the itinerary school. One is 
supported by some kind Englbh friends. 
The younger of the two, whose story is 
related above, enters on the work at 
her own charges. She could not^ she 
said, take what others contttbuted for 
this work, while sha could support her- 



FOR JANUARY, 1854. 



53 



Bdf. By these self-denjing labours, 
saTing knowledge is imparted* in daily 
leaBons, to ninety-two individuals of all 
ages, and numbers more are desirous of 
reoeiying the teacher's visits. 

But the work has attracted the at- 
tention of the Romish clergy, and of 
late a most furious and lying attack 
has been made on Mr. Jenkins in 
"L'Univers" newspaper, the organ of 
ultramontane popery in France. Un- 
expected defenders of his character and 
labours have risen up even in the ranks 
of Rome ; and in Mr. F. Monod, Mr. 
Jenkins has found a powerful advocate. 
The worst part of the matter is that 
evil disposed persons have been excited 



to make attacks on the^ chapel, and on 
two occasions no slight iigury has been 
done. Still the local authorities are 
prepared to protect the missionary. 
His prudent and conciliatory course has 
commended him to the sympathies of 
the Bretons who know him, and he does 
not doubt that all these events, whether 
prosperous or adverse, are alike calcu- 
lated to the furtherance of the gospel. 
Happy will the day be for France when 
the gospel shall have free course through 
all her borders. Anarchy and tyranny 
will both flee before it, and the basis be 
laid for a ''free, full, and impartial 
Uberty." 



THE SOCIAL CONDITION OF NATIVE CONVERTS IN INDIA. 

BT THE BEV. OEORQE PEABCE. 



Wb offer in this paper, as far as space 
will allow, some account of the social 
drcumstanoes of the converts connected 
with our native churches in India ; 
having no doubt that it will prove 
acceptable to many, as we have reason 
to know that this is a subject but 
imperfectly understood. It is one, also, 
that is calculated to throw light on 
others that have been much canvassed 
of late, namely the pastorship of native 
churches, and the independent action cf 
their members in carrying on the work 
of God among their countrymen. 

The converts, theu, connected with 
oor native churches in North India 
number about twelve hundred persons, 
and there are associated tvith them, as 
members of their families, (fee, and others 
that have renounced idolatry and caste, 
about three thousand attendants on 
public worship, forming together a 
nominal Christian conmiunity of be- 
tween four and five thousand souls. 

We wish we could say that this goodly 
number of disciples were to be found in 
one district; $adi, however, is not the. 



case. The churches to which they belong 
He scattered far and wide over the face 
of the country ; so much so, that nearly 
a thousand miles intervene between the 
two most distant from each other. 
Even in Bengal, where much the largest 
number reside, the different communi- 
ties are for the most part so wide 
asunder, that intercourse is very unfre- 
quent, and they know little more of 
each other than the^ name. This state 
of things militates in various ways 
against their general progress. It keeps 
them in ignorance of their real strength 
in the country, represses the courage 
which the sense of numbers inspires, 
and has hitherto much interfered with 
the carrying out of plans designed for 
their benefit. 

About one half of our people reside in 
the districts south of Calcutta, and of 
Jessore and Burrisal. These, with the 
exception of some in Jessore that were 
Mahommedans, are, with only slight 
differences, of the same class of Hindoo 
society. They are all employed Vn ^ki^- 
culture. A few oC t\\em ^<\ V.o ^}tA 



54 



THB MISSIONABY HBftALD 



} 



Iftboon of the field in the leisure 
•taeoni, thoie of fishing, weairing. boat- 
building, and one or two others. With 
respect to those who live in towns, or, 
at the stations where our missionary 
brethren reside, a much greater variety 
in respect to origin prevails, as persons 
from most of the Hindoo castes^ as well 
as firom Mahommedanism, are to be 
found among them. Many of them, 
also, have been gathered from distant 
places. In regard to occupation, these 
brethren have to contend much with 
heathen and other prejudices, and their 
efibrts for obtaining a livelihood, are 
in consequence much restricted. The 
most intelligent and faithful among 
them are employed by the mission as 
preachers and teachers; a few, as at 
Serampore and Calcutta, find occupation 
in the printing offices and in mercantile 
establishments. Some again, as at Chit- 
oara and Chittagong, get their living 
by weaving ; and for the rest, they mhj 
be set down as engaged in household 
and other menial service. Few have 
been enabled to pursue their original 
occupations, and shopkeeping and traffic 
are scarcely known among them. 

From these remarks our readers will 
be prepared to learn that the native 
oenverts in India possess but little of 
this world's goods. Hitherto few of its 
inhabitants that might be called rich, 
have joined themselves to the Saviour's 
people, and none, indeed, to those of 
our own body. Our enemies still taunt 
us with the question, ^' Have any of the 
rulers believed in Him T* The setting 
up of the kingdom of Christ in this vast 
continent, has commenced with the 
poor and the mean in worldly estima- 
tion, as in ancient days; and it has 
pleased the Lord hitherto to keep his 
people in a low and dependent condi- 
tion. The profession of the gospel by 
the natives of Hindostan, is invariably 
attended with loss of earthly goods, and 
jur jEzijxrr cases with the loss of all be- 



sides. Partioolarly is it to with thoit 
that come out of heathenism singly, or 
without their iamilies. Such porsoni, 
till within the last year ooold literally 
bring nothing with them ; whatever thej 
might possess, or were entitled t^ was 
taken from them by their kindred, en- 
raged at their defection, and the law of 
caste rendered the spoliation legaL 
Henoe all such converts, in respect to 
property, have had to begin the world 
afresh. At first, for a time, they have 
in general had no one to look to for 
subsistence, except the missionaiy to 
whom they may have avowed their 
faith in the Lord Jesus ; and not only 
has he been neoeasitated to supply their 
immediate Vants, but eventually to pro- 
cure for them some employment by 
which they might support themselves. 
This, it is duty to add, has hitherto 
been the state of things not only at our 
own stations, but at all others, of every 
denomination ; and it forms a serious 
element among the diffioultics, trials, 
and anxieties with which missionaries 
in India are exercised. 

But the Indian convert has not only 
to submit to poverty on his entrance 
into the Christian church, it is his lot 
through life. Disposed, as he may bci 
to better his condition,' almost insuper- 
able difficulties meet him at every turn. 
Had he been accustomed to business, 
the missionary has no capital to set 
him up i or if that could be supplied, 
his countrymen will not purchase his 
commodities. If he the son of a re- 
spectable man, the probability is, that 
he knows no trade, and is incapable of 
employment ; for three-fourths of the 
youth of the middle and upper classes 
rise to manhood uninstructed in busi< 
ness, squandering their time in idle- 
ness ; and even when a convert has 
been provided with employment, his 
native associates or fellow servants 
will conspire to make his situation as 
uncomfortable aa poc»!bito> ot iafiUne hii 



FOB JANUARY, 1864. 



U 



toMket to difohaige him. But ipftoe 
would hU ui to state the wIk^ of the 
«ife; foffioe it to mj, that hitherto so 
untoward have been the oircomgtanoeB 
in which oor natiia brethren have been 
^Uoed, that at the end of fifty years 
not a fiunily it to be found, that we are 
awara oi^ thai poansses property to the 
^afaie of a thousand rupees, or one 
fanndrod pounds sterling ; yet that we 
may not darken this picture too much 
we would add, that for the last four or 
fife years, a few of our Ohristian 
finmlies in Bengal have risen to 
sssier oironniatanosB, in consequenoe of 
the heads of them haTing'reoeiTed an 
En^iah education, 'which has enabled 
them to obtain situations that yield 
them a comfortable and even respect- 
able maintenance ; and as the know- 
ledge of our language spreads among 
our people, it is to be hoped, that the 
number of such will soon hierease. 

With respect, however, to the oonverts 
who are agriculturists, the droum- 
ttances attending their profession of 
Christianity )dificr materially from 
those just described. The brethren 
haye frequently come out of idolatry 
ia companies of four or five families 
together and even more ; or when they 
have come singly, they have generally 
bron^t with them their wives and 
children* Hence they have been en- 
abled to retain their little farms, and 
continue their original occupations in 
their native villages. This has been, of 
course, an important advantage, and 
has placed them in a more independent 
position than their town brethren. Still 
these also have bad every where to 
endure for a time a great fight of 
afflictions and to suffer loss. The pro- 
fession of Christianity by their (ryots) 
tenants and disciples was too great an 
innovation on the established order of 
things, and threatened their interests 
to much, to allow the zemindars, and 
Biahmans, to an Ar H to pass with im- / 



punity, and therefore they have always 
done their best to eradicate it from 
their localities : and consequently our 
Christian peasantry have had to suffer 
personal violence, confiscation, imprir 
Bonment, and even the very raring of 
their dwellings, in very plentiful me^ 
sure. 

These things, however, subside in 
time, and European brethren [on the 
spot have often made up by their kind 
assistance to a considerable degree the 
losses thus sustained. Hence persecu- 
tion forms but a small item among the 
causes which contribute to the de- 
pressed condition in which this class Qf 
the brethren are also found. The 
poverty of the Indian ryot is proverbial 
at the present time. The oppression of 
the zemindars, the ezhorbitant interest 
on seed com and money, which univer- 
sally prevail, and the high rents paid 
by those who have not lands of their 
own, contribute effectually to entail 
indigence and wretchedness among 
them. To some extent the Christian 
peasantry are defended from oppression 
by the shield which the influence of 
their ministers throws over them. Still 
the difSculties are very great, and in 
general they are making but little way 
in improving their circumstances. 

The foregoing remarks, will do much to 
show how it is that the converts of our 
mission in India have done so little in 
contributing towards the support or fur- 
therance of the gospel, or in the way of 
any independent action whatever. The 
truth is, that they have had little to give, 
while their persecuted and dependent 
condition, together with the paucity of 
their numbers, has wrought to the repres- 
sion of vigour and enterprise among them. 
The vastly superior circumstances of 
missionaries to those of their converts, 
as well as the practice which has been 
universal from the beginning, of doing 
every thing for them as it regards ex- 
pense in their instruction «[i^ V^Ofe 



56 



THB MISSIONARY HERALD 



gmeral promulgation of the goBpel, 
have also much tended to the same 
result : the knowledge too, that what 
the members of the church could give 
would amount to a mere pittance, and 
be of no practical value, has, doubtless 
deterred some missionaries from seek- 
ing contributions from them. 

In respect, therefore, to the support 
of native pastors by the native churches 
in India, the patience of friends in this 
country must be exercised a while 
longer. The time for this most desir- 
able arrangement is assuredly not yet 
oome. The salaries of native preachers 
in our mission range from seven up to 
thirty rupees, — at the village stations 
from seven to sixteen ; now, we do not 
know a single church meeting in sufficient 
numbers in one locality, whose members 
could raise five rupees a month, even if 
each family contributed on the average 
three annas,* which in proportion to 
their incomes, is jj part or more; — and 
would exceod what members of church- 
es in this country usually contribute for 
the support of the gospel ministry. 

Our impression is, that while our 
missionary brethren have done much 
for the spiritual improvement of the 
people of their charge, they have not as 
a body paid sufficient attention to their 
social elevation. Individual brethren 
have done what they could in relieving 
immediate necessity, but the raising of 



* Or ftbottt four penoe-halftwnnj. 



converts in the social scale has never 
till very recently engaged their attsD- 
tion, and that 'only in a very 'partial 
manner. We think this subject worthy 
of serious consideration ^both on the 
field and at home. The mission is the 
poor convert*s only earthly friend. 
Help they imperativdy need, but if thej 
obtain it, it can come only from those 
who have been the instruments under 
God in bringing them into feUowship 
with the gospel. 

If this be done, we may hope to tee 
in due time, and perhaps with no long 
delay, native churches sustaining their 
own ministry. There is much to inspire 
the hope that the long night of depnres- 
sion is drawing to a dose. The number 
of converts is yearly increasing. The 
law lately passed establishing the 
rights of conscience ; the spirit recently 
exercised by native brethren in Cal- 
cutta towards a native pastorship, as 
well as the previous formation of a 
missionary society; their gradual in- 
crease in intelligence ; and their more 
rapid progress when plans under con- 
sideration for their improvement shall 
be oarried^into eflfect ; and last, but not 
least, the prospect of each station 
having two missionaries instead of one, 
all combine to cherish the hope that 
better days are coming. Let us then 
hasten them on by making the social 
improvement of our poor brethren an 
object of due solicitude in our eflTorts 
for their welfare. 



NEWS FROM CHINA. 



Avery interesting publication, not per- 
haps very generally known to our read- 
ers, entitled ''The Chinese Missionary 
Gleaner,'* often contains information 
respecting the progress of the truth 
among that great branch of the human 
liHnily which cannot elsewhere be found. 
A»d as the attention of the Christian 



public is now intensely fixed on China, 
the following fiats, taken from a letter 
of the Rev. J. J. Roberts, an American 
baptist missionary, dated Shanghae, 
September 18th, will be read with feel- 
ings of surprise and pleasure. 

From this communication we learn 
that Hung Sow Tsuen, the present Tae 



FOR JANUABY, 18M. 



57 



ping Wang, the head of the new dynasty, 
and Fang Wun Son, the present 9outhern 
kittg^ and second in pofrer and office, 
were fiHrmerl j neighbours, embraced the 
Christian religion about the same time* 
irere united in baptism^^together, im- 
mening themadves, for want of a better 
sliematiYe, in concert imparted in- 
stmction to their kindred and friends, 
and commenced the present insurrec- 
tion. As they rise in power, the office 
of this southon king is like that which 
Joseph held in Egypt; the second 
power in the kingdom. The relation 
which these remarkable men sustain to 
sacii other is alike singular and im- 
portant ; for they are at the head of the 
strange movement now going on in 
China. It began in religious knowledge 
and acts. But how they became pos- 
aesaed of this knowledge, or when led 
toonbraoe the Christian religion, or to 
be ooovinoe4Ithat immersion was one of 
its institutions, we only learn from the 
incidental remark by Mr. Roberts, that 
he was Tae ping Wang's religious 
teacher some years ago. But there is 
the fact, and a very striking one it is. 

Mr. Roberts goes on to state that the 
nephew of this southern king, a young 
man named Asow, about twenty-one 
years of age, was early taught by him 
and Hung Sow Tsuen, the first princi- 
ples of religion some six or eight years 
ago. He then adds : — 

He was with them a few months in 
KvsDgsi, after the* rebellion commenced, 
and then returned homo near Canton, where 
lie anzioiialy waited an opportunity to return 
to his uncle in the army, but found none. ! 
His cousin Amow, the southern king's own 
ion, a lad of about fifteen, and himself, were 
reduced to great straits for the necessaries 
of life, and were also liable on account of 
their connections and circumstances to per* 
Mention by the imperial officers, and perhaps 
to death ! Whilo in this predicament, just 
bcfere I started up for Nanking last June, Asow 
*BS introduced to me at Canton, and his 
caee was fully made known to me; tad I 



as it was a difficult matter, he asked hew 
himself with the king's eon should be able to 
get to Nanking ! I suggested to liim going to 
Shanghae in some foreign ship, as the safisat 
means of conveyance, and the nearest point 
to Nanking to which he could at present 
safely go, and there await his opportunity. 
He said he had no means to pay his paisage, 
or to supply himself with food on the way. 
Then, as I had a passage already gi?en roe 
and was about to leave in a few days fbr 
Shanghae, I invited him to go with me inceg,, 
as a servant, and to bring his cousin with 
him, and if passage money was demanded it 
should be paid. They came according to 
appmntment on the 5th of July last, and 
joined me in a free passage on the Ariel to 
Shanghae, where we arrived on the SOth of 
the same month. This opportunity for doiag 
good appeared to me very providential. The 
young man came just at the right time to 
afford me the privilege of conducting him 
and his cousin on their way|: and it was very 
evident that no letter of introduction could 
recommend me so efficiently to the confi- 
dence and sincere regard of the kings and 
high officers of .the new dynasty, as to de 
liver these two youths from >ant, persecu- 
tion, and death, and present them safely at 
the court in Nanking. 

On our way up, Asow of his own accord 
requested a New Testament in Chinese, 
which I saw him often reading ; and upon 
examination I found that he had long been 
in the habit of praying, had abandoned idols 
for several years, and had been seeking and 
serving the true God. The knowledge of 
this fact formed an additional pleasure in the 
performance of the difficult commission of 
delivering him to his friends. On our arrival 
at Shanghae I made knoMn the true state of 
their case to one of the baptist biethren. Rev. 
T. P. Crawford. lie had already wiitten a 
kind letter to me inviting me [to come up as 
soon as possible, manifesting the important 
estimation he placed on the present move- 
ment, and the desirableness that I should 
improve the vantage ground already attained 
in having been the religious teacher of Tae 
ping Wang himself some years ago. After 
having prudently consulted with his wiie, 
they agreed to take both the youths under 
thai care, into their house, wYiVLq 1 liEkWJMk 



i 



THB MiaSIOHAAY SEftALD 



-nalM mj iM Maidoai trip up th« Yang 
Tm Kimng with Dr. Taylor. I fearad to take 
them with ua, leat thej ihould fkll into the 
liands of the imperialwta and perish. And 
we both thought their preaenration and nfe 
4eliTeranee to their frienda of gnat probable 
impottanee to ut, and the good cause in 
jrhieh we are engaged ( and we yet think so. 
While I was gone, Asow and his cousin 
went with brother C. to idiere the oommu- 
nUm was administered. After they returned 
Asow began to inquire into the prerequisites 
Beeesasry fbr himself to become a participant ; 
and though he spoke quite a different dialect 
ftom brother C, yet through the means of 
writing and referring him to the scriptures, 
he was enabled to instraet Asow. It has 
iiow been more than a month since my re- 
tnm, during which time the brethren of the 
mission hare indiridually called and par> 
ticulariy inquired respecting the rdigiouB 
state of his mind, until they scTerally became 
satisfied that his case was ripe to come 
before the church for fUlI examination, in 
order to baptism if approved. 

Subieqaently we have an aoooant of 
the examination of thid yoang man 
before the church. In his joath he was 
an idolater, and his religions career 
commenced soon after Hung Sow Tsuen 
and Fung avowed their religious opi- 
niona. But his mind vras not sufficiently 
impressed to be turned from his idols, 
until about five years ago. At first 
his religious views exposed him to per- 
ieeution.^ But he has continued to 
believe, repent, and pray, and brother 
0. and myself have proof that he 
prays in secret. His present religious 
belief may be summed up in the follow- 
ing particulars : — 

He oonsiden idols, and all idol worship of 
^mry description, as the very opposite of the 
true God, and the sincere worship of him ; 
and professes to enjoy more happiness now 
in his mind than when he worshipped idols. 
Ha believes that the law of God is exceed- 
ingly brood, extending to the thoughts and 
intents of the heart, and hsnce that all men 
hmtkuitn : that there is no remedy or for- 



givenesB fbr lina bnt tfaraiig^ the mcritonDns 
atonement of Jesoa Christ Ho p r p fii wa d 
fiuth in Christ M the Son of God, the Sanou 
of sinners, the repentaaee of hia moM^ and 
his desire for baptism, in obedieoce to the 
command of Christ, He manifesU man 
sincerity, earnest inquiry after the truth^ and 
honest simplicity of profession than any 
Cliinaman I have seen hitherto. He dis- 
avows all desire of worldly interest whatever 
in the connection, and promises to take the 
word of God as his rule of life. We think 
both his speaking and intellectoal talents 
are above medioerity, and earnestly hope 
that, with proper training, he may become 
abundantly nseAil to his own eoontrjrmen, 
especially those of his own dialect, including 
OBOst of the chief offioers of state, to whom, 
being a relation, he will have free access, 
which will give him great influence above 
ordinary disciples. 

This youth is baptised, and more than 
a hundred persons were ooUeoted on the 
occasion. Mr. Tates explained ih% ordi- 
nance in the dialect of the place, Mr. 
Roberts prayed in the dialect of the oaa- 
didate, and Mr. Pearoy baptized Fung 
Asow. 

The next day after his baptism, he com- 
menced the work by voluntarily distributing 
the ten commandments, to persons reading 
the first religious proclamation of Tae ping 
Wang, put up in Shanghae fbr general 
inspection. He let them know that his 
books taught the same things that the pro- 
clamation inculcated, and consequently they 
sought them the more earnestly, What a 
harvest is ripe here for gathering. This 
young man, if converted at all, was perhaps 
converted long before we met with him, 
and only needed from us what was done 
by the disciples for Apollos— << They took 
him unto them and expounded unto him the 
way of God more perfectly.** (Acta xviii. 
2G.) And^how many others may be in the 
like predicament, from the same teaohiogs of 
Hung Sow Tsuen which he has received, we 
know not ; but suppose thousands — he 
says several thousands— believe in Kwaqgsi. 
Many thousands also profess in the army and 
ebswhere, and seem to be doing .their re- 



FOB JAimABT, 1864. 



60 



Vi^fmm dotj sMording to Um beit of thdr 
kBO^«ds»» abilitifliy and elreumftanoei. 
■"Ths harrest truly u plentiful, but the 
hboaran are feir : pray je therefore the 
Loid of the banrest that he will tend forth 
libooren into his harreit.'* (Matt. iz. 37, 
A) Nerer perhaps was this declaration 
Bora tree, or the prayer more needed, than 
at the present moment hi China I 

From this striking namfciTe thare 
ne A few inferences to be drawn. It is 
qaite dear that the present movement 
in China is much more religious than 
wme people suppose. The charge of 
Uasphemj, brought against these rebels 
(as they are now called: they will be 
called bj another name if successful) 
Nsms scaroalj to be warranted in fact. 
They are very imperfect Christians, and 
perhaps Christians of more advanced 
knowledge would not do the work these 
aen are doing, but still the vital ele- 
Bents of Christian truth are among 
ihem. We were much gratified with 
the explanation which Sir E. N*. Buxton 
gave, at the recent meeting in Exeter 
Han of the London Mission, of the real 
meaning of the religious terms used by 
the leaders of the insurrection, as set 
forth in a letter which he had received 
firom the captain of one of U.M. ships 
on that station. That communication 
certainly took away the Itluphemout 
character of the general charge. 

In truth these Chinese are more ad- 
vanced than is commonly thought. Let 



OS look at the facts now befere us. Mr. 
Roberts instructs the Tae ping Wang. 
He is the leader. This man instructs 
Fung Wun Sun. The latter instructs 
his nephew Asow, and Amow his own 
son. The leaders go forth, and the 
great mass of the people go with them. 
That is not disputed. But how comes 
it to pass that the peopU go with them ? 
They must have been instructed too. 
For who ever heard of a peopU taking a 
course opposed to all their previous reli- 
gious ideas, breaking all the images, 
throwing down all the temples, unless 
the general mind had been enlightened f 
Here, then, we have a whole people 
moved, and they number hundreds of 
millions ; and to this hour we are com- 
paratively in the dark as to the cause. 

But while the fects are patent before us, 
we wait for the results. We shall have 
them by and by ; when they come, we 
shall have some lessons to study. They 
will throw light on the best modes of 
I carrying on mission work in heathen 
lands. They will afford some fine ex- 
amples of the wisdom of courses of 
I conduct not as yet fully acknowledged. 
We look, therefore, to the Chinese 
; movement with interest ; not simply 
' because of its affecting nearly one half 
I of the population of the world, but as 
tending to solve some problems in mis- 
sionary labour, on which the attention 
of directors, committees, and mission- 
aries must, sooner or later, be fixed. 



rOBEIGN INTELLIGENCE. 



INDIA, MoifoniR. — Towards the end 
of July, Mr. Lawrence, with the natire 
pretehers Sudin and Bandhu, started on a 
Briasionary tour up the Gunduk river. At 
Jtffrah a large congregation of shop-keepers 
liMened "with great attention to an earnest 
sad serious address, which garo rise to consi- 
doable discussion. A visit to several houses 
OB the next day discovered that the people 
W Gttk to say for their idolatry ; but while 
tksy heaid wiA mttention of Chritd and him I 



crucified, the doctrine of the cross was evi- 
dently a great stumbling block to them. 
Amid storms and high winds Raggiriah 
was reached. The gospel has been often 
preached here. Dut though opposition has 
ceased and civility and respect are shown to 
the servants of God, as yet no cndenee has 
appeared of a work of grace. The only 
person who had shown any signs of joy at 
hearing the gospel was found to \iave recfiivU^ 
died of cholera. At a ne\R>\>iovkm^ riWa^s^ 



eo 



THE MISSIONARY HERALD 



a large company, with a brahmin at their 
heady came together to hear the word. The 
old brahmin took upon himself to reply to 
many questions which the hearers asked, 
repeatedly telling them that Jesus Christ is 
the only Saviour. In another Tillage, a 
shop-keeper invited the missionaries to take 
their stand opposite to his shop, and with 
otheif evinced the greatest interest in their 
message. He presented some of the articles 
of his shop to the native brethren as a 
token of his pleasure, and provided himself 
with the scriptures. Passing through various 
villages, the word of peace was proclaimed in 
them all. In one the following conversa- 
tion took place : — 

'' You want us,'* said one man, **' to give 
up all our idols and our debtas and gurus, 
and to accept of Jesus Christ This can 
never be. The idols, it is true, are nothing ; 
but Ram wo never can give up for Jesus 
Christ. We all know Ram, and he was 
served by our fathers before us ; our sacred 
books, and our pundits all tell us about Ram 
and his wonderful doings at Lanka (Ceylon); 
but who, amongst us know any thing of Jesus 
Christ! It is only the other day that you 
fbreigners brought us some information about 
him. What you say may be all very ttue, but 
we know nothing about it, and we do not 
want to know. We all know Ram, and that 
is enough for us, whether we go to heaven 
or to hell, we frill never renounce Ram." 
Tlus^ and much more in the same strain, was 
delivered in a very earnest and impassioned 
manner, and produced a strong sensation. 
We endeavoured to meet this, by pointing 
out the true character of Ram as portrayed 
in their own books ; by shovring them that 
they really derived no benefit, either temporal, 
mora], or spiritual, by their devotedness to 
Ram ; and by making known the charscter 
of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the varied 
and substantial blessings which he bestows on 
his followers. Our opponent though silenced, 
was not convinced ; but several of the hearers 
exclaimed ; << It is very true that neither Ram, 
nor any of our debtas vrill ever save us from 
sin, for they themselves were as bad as we 
are.' 



i> 



One man was very indignant on hearing 
the sin and folly of idol-worship exposed ; the 
native brother who was speaking, coolly 
replied, ^I suppose, you are a maker of 
images f "Yes !*' excliumed a voice in the 
crowd, *< he makes and sells them for four 
and eight annas apiece." " I thought so,** 
said the native brother, '* he is afraid lest any 
■hottld be penuaded not to buy his images, 
that is the reason he is so angry with us." i 
TAhuemsrk excited such a i^eneial laugh at ' 



the idol-maker, that for shame he retired 
from the crowd and gave us no moretroublcw 

The journey was brought to a dose on the 
3rd of September. If no immediate tokens 
were apparent yet the seed was wid^ 
scattered. ''Some," says Mr. Lawrence^ 
'^ listened with indifference, others from mtn 
curiosity, a few only to mock and oppose 
us ; but a goodlj number seemed interested, 
expressed their warm approbation, and their 
earnest desire to become better acquainted 
with the truths we proclaimed to them." 

Bbna&es. — Notwithstanding bis age, Mr. 
Smith is still able to go out every day into 
the city and preach among the heathen the 
glad tidings. On the 7th of August two 
persons were added to the church, one of 
them our aged brother's grand-daughter, the 
other a native. They were immefsed in te 
new baptistery in the mission compound. 
Two others, once heathens^ have given in 
their names as candidates. 

Barisal. — Mr. Page, under date of August 
16tb, writes :->* I baptised at Chobekarpsff 
eight persons : five women, of whom three can 
read the bible, and three men, of whom one 
can read. All had been candidates for many 
months. The Lord hold them up unto the 
end. At Ashkar I baptized two men, one of 
whom I hoi>c vrill be useful by and by. Ha 
has learned to read and write since he became 
a Christian, and seems anxious to do good. 
There are more candidates." Mr. Page bap- 
tized another woman at Pakhar on the Slat 
of August. 

CEYLON, Colombo.— The arrival of Mr. 
and &Irs. Carter has permitted Mr. Allen to 
visit some of the jungle churches, Mr. Carter 
meanwhile taking the services at the Pettah 
chapel. The method of catechising after 
the sermon has been found most useful, both 
for eliciting and imparting a clear knowledge 
of the gospel. Mr. Allen also hopes thereby 
to ascertain the qualifications of the mem- 
bers, and at a future time to put them to 
some definite use. He will aim to bring the 
churches into a more self-reliant pooitiony 
and eventually to support their own ministry, 
and the ordinances of Christ. 

Kanot. — The native schools are in an im- 
proving condition, much of which is owing to 
the books and maps prepared by Mr, Muf* 



rOR JANUARY, 1864. 



Gl 



dock, thm »gemt of the Tmet Sod«tj. At 
tkt tvo priflT idioob of Kaod j and Ifatelle 
tb«« an tity diildren in r^galar attendance. 
Tbe Kandy boya^ school is also doing well. 
la this school Mr. DaTis is asnsted by a 
joog European who has bought his discharge 
floss the azmj and devoted himself to the 
VQik. The native church is somewhat un- 
Nlllad ainoe the departure of Mr. SilTa; but 
As coagygg a lion continues good. 

ST. DOMINGO.— The ReT. W. Rycraft 

ksshad his labours interrupted by serere ill- 

BOS. The wurship of the sanctuary luu^how- 

cfOTy been maintained by the kind assistance 

of two merchants of the place, one acting as 

the clerk and the other reading a sermon, 

llr. Ryeroft is in fear that he should be 

obliged to leave the house he at present 

oecnpies as a residence and chapel, on ac^ 

cMBt of ita being required for other purposes. 

JAMAICA, RvwE.— The work of grace 

coadBQes to proqier in the hands of our 

cokmied brother, the Rer. Ellis Fray, and 

ikt diorch eoDtinucs in peace. The schools 

o% bovefw, low, although hundreds of cbil- 

dna Bu^ be seen weeding the cane-fielda and 

weding inatraction. The schoolmaster is 

dependent on the payments of the children. 

A recent donation of H. Kelsall, Esq., towards 

tlie master's support, has preyed of great 

wtice. 

Baowx'fl Town.— The Rev. J. Clark in- 
(imns us that at his stations the congregntions 
continue large, and the word of God is not 
presdied in vain. The increase of the church 
does not, however, more than make up the 
loses by death and exclusions. The found- 
ation of a new chapel has been laid in the 
back mountains of Trelawney. This has 
vn/en from the successful labours of Mr. 
Milliner, formerly of Melksham, among the 
Eorapcan immigrants and coloured people 
rendsat in that region. As they were poor, 
tbe people have given their labour. They 
*ciU into the woods on Mr. Milliner's pro- 



perty, cut down trees, sawed up timber and 
boardi^ made a lime-kiln, and prepared stone 
for the chapel which they are now busily 
engaged in erecting. They will, however, 
need a b'ttle help to procure ghiss, iron- 
mongery, &c., for which, probably, £20 
would suffice. Will our fKends at Melksham 
help in this ? 

The day following, Mr. Harry, a black 
brother, and for a long time an assistant of 
Mr. Clark, was recognized as pastor of the 
diurch at the AIps~a station of the late 
Rev. B. Dexter. The attendance was large, 
and an interesting mixture of white and 
coloured ministers took part in the solemn 
services of the day. 

Satanna-la-Mar. — Under the ministry of 
the Rev. John Clarke, the work of Gk>d makes 
pleasant progress at this station ; the people 
contributing to their best ability to maintain 
the worship of God, and to complete the 
erection of a chapel they have in hand. 
Africans from a distance of eight miles are 
flocking for instruction, and n most gratify- 
ing effort is made by the church to supply 
them with clothing and other necessaries. 
The inquirers' class is large, and it is hoped 
that many will early in the year be baptized 
into Christ. 

A KNOTT A Bay. — The Rev. S. Jones, both 
in person and family, has lately had to en- 
dure much affliction. Repeated attacks of 
fever, have greatly hindered him in his work, 
and laid aside his partner and children. His 
youngest child, rather more than two years 
old, at last fell a prey to its ravages. The 
same trials have also befullen his people, 
while the want of bridge communication has 
much lessened the attendance on the means 
of grace. Every bridge on the twenty-threo 
streams in the vicinity, was destroyed in the 
great flood of January last. A donation of 
£5, from II. Kclsall, Esq., to the schools has 
proved of most providential service to the 
family of the schoolmaster. 



HOME PROCEEDINGS. 



The meetings held during the past month 
Wts not been very numerous. Mr. Trestrail 
nistShacklewell, Mr. Russell at Lyming- 
tBs, Ifr. Smilli at Shonldbam Stnet W0I 



have received a most encouraging account of 
the services which were held at Somerleyton 
and Lowestoft. Mr. Peto presided nt the 
meetings, at which the brctlnen '&tocV)B>X' 



62 



THE MISSIONARY HBRALD 



rell,\Lofchm«ii, aimI oUwn ad?ocated the 
Society^ •Uimi, at w«U •• pmacbing at both 
placet on its behalf on the Lord's day. The 
contributioni were more than double (bote 
of any preceding year. 

We have to annoanoe that tmce our last, 
two brethren have been added to the list of 
mistionaries to India. The Committee some 
weeks ego invited .the Rev. J. Gregtoni of 
Beverley to give hhnself to the work, and 
after due consideration and prayer, be has 
felt it to be his duty to accede to the 
request. The church over which he hss pre- 
sided ht four yearsi whale lamenting bis 
removal and expressing their c%vdial approval 
of his tervices as their pastor, and their 
esteem for him as a Christian brother, felt 
that they could not take the retponsibility of 
oppoting his going on such a work. The 
s^Muration was painful to both parties, but it 
was eiiected in an eminently Christian man- 
ner and with unabated regard for each other. 
Mr. Anderson, one of the senior students of 
Stepney College, having ofiered himself for 
mitsion tervioe in India, hat been cordially 
aooepted. There are now ihne brethren 
ready to join the mitnon band in India, and 
thete^ with Mr. Carter in Ceylon, and Mr. 
Robinnon, who is to go to Dacca, will make 
Jive of the twenty propoeed to be tent forth in i 
accordance with the plan adopted by the| 
Committee for ttrengthening and enlarging 
the Indian mission. So &r, then, we have 
grounds for encouragement and hope. 

As thete brethren could not leave until 
January, and would arrive in India at the 
banning of the hot teason, the Committee 
have determined to delay their departure 
iiatil June or July, 1854. In the meanwhile 



they will font a elatt for fa»tnwtian ia the 
Hindustani and Bengati languagety unte the 
direction of the Rev. G. Peatee. They will 
begin their servioes under very advantafeoos 
circumstaneei^ and will be ready for their 
work at least six months sooner than U tbsy 
were to leave at onee. We trust their ftOB- 
ber will soon be augmented. 

The Committee of the Young Men's Mis- 
sionary Aatociatkm have requestad us to 
ttate that Mr. Cnsner, one of the Secretaries, 
has rietntly visited and deUf ered leetuiSi to 
the young people and scholais connected with 
the following plaees of worthip : — Boston ; 
Myrtle Street and Byrom Stred, Liverpool ; 
Sal ford, Grotvenor Street, and Oxford Road, 
Manchester ; South Pamde and York Road, 
Leeds. The attendance at these lectnrcs baf 
been large. 

It inll be a great c on v en i enae if the trea- 
surers of local auxiliaries will do their beit 
to forward, as speedily as possible, all moneys 
in hand, and to get in snch subscriptions as 
are due. We hope, too, the aeeonnte will be 
forwarded before the 81st of Mareh, on 
which day the financial year closes. By so 
doing they will greatly fodliUte the getting 
out of the Report, which would be finithed 
much sooner if there were no delay in thess 
matters. 

NOTICE. 

At the beginning of a new year we call the 
attention of parents, superintendents, and 
teachers of schools, to the desirableneat of 
endeavouring to increase the circulation of 
the Juvenile Missionary Henld. We hope 
this request will be heartily responded to. as 
the circulation is not yet what it ought to be. 



CONTRIBUTIONS, 

Meoeived on accouwt of the BaptUt Jfissionary Society, from Notmnhet 21 

to December 20, 1853. 



Do)Mrfton«. £ t. d, 

"A Priat^i donation" 110 
DanieU. R. P., Eaq., 

for/iMUa tl 

Pflto, B. M., Baq., If.P., 

totJBahamat 5 

xrz « ff • 



Leffoeia. £ t. d. 

BMWtt, ICiM iMibdU, 

late of Skipton, bj 

MlBi Graeo Brown ... 19 10 
Thompaom Mr. WillUm, 

Istoof Austta Stfvflt, 

flkorsdttoh IM Q 



£ i. 

Lmnom aub MfDOUvm. 

AJptrtoBi— 

Collection 14 

Bbuidford Btfsei-* 

LadiM' Aiaociatioa, 
for Baritaf Bckoof.., S 



AMI SMaoI MoBnu I t 
D^. br BOuHl Uati- 

■HuuDcnmEtb — 
CtDtllbaUaB*. mil- 
u«li - tit 

Bud» 8*b«ii. k* T. 

Valmrtk. Ronln Scmt— 
■BteScb«gl,W Y. 

M.M. A^fnfatk- 
*«b4^ $dlMl. fur 

Ojtof. « 

WilllBffind — 

MIrUohi B 9 1 

D&, Durcknln ... > 

Do., Rcte Old 

D*., WiIlMK- 13 1 

CsntilbiitLaiu .. IS 1> 

Da.hr/iulii T 1 D 



CgBUlka(loDi,bTlIn. 
Ban 10 

CiMuiDanKim. 
i«. Etq „ 71 la e 

OuBlirldg*— 
DoBlrttallont. Far 

ASlSdiMfAKiu 3 10 
Do., for Xetrriiia 
Oiapd. Janain 4 



VOa JAHUART, 18M. 

iS ivd. 
Willbtm AbbcT 10 10 

CsLlHllona „ 7 B t 



11 11 

on icoiUDl, bj Ut. R. 
ComclT 15 

SuHlu B<ko«l, IBr 
Salni Prachin ... 110 

St. Strimr'a, ttt 
BT«ba ■ 71 intra r» 
Srhxl „..„„ 10 1 

CoDlrflintiDiu. lur ^. I I 4 

Conlrltrntlou tit 

BoictDj— 
CoUtotion a 13 10 

Contrltnitlou ........ n 17 

II 10 10 

II «1« 
BanTFDiiMajna. 

lUrkntA E<rc«t- 

CollMtloB 1 11 

Contrlbiitlani I S e 

I)u.,BiiDdBrScbinl, 
hnAitfirf Prtach- 
in 17 8 

ID 1 
St. Albu't— 
Daddlng, lUr. R. N., 
Vlcmr of SI, Felor'i 10 
VtlSonL Ml u«anl, bj 
R*T. J. F. B««lell ... 9 3 



CoDlribiillDiii t 8 

Do., for/nduc ID 

Do., Snndaj SehHil It 2 



Dii„riibUcMntlne 



roceedi or Buur 

l)o.,DrTeiijM<inf 
tmolttTl S 13 3 



CoHactloiu (molMjI... S IS I 



-, » 
.. 3 « 

„ IS 17 H 



L*u npnuH 1 1 J 8 
17 1 



Conlillislloni 1 ( ! 

Da . far Mn. Feic- 

Ufi SaAamat...... IOC 

Cbird— 

ContributlODa HSn-S) 11 S 

Hooppcll. Mr. R. 1 C 

CDUUibutisniilBSI-aj 17! 



»Sa'!'= :: 

9nindlibn(t— 

Contrttaltoii 
tlorloni 
Ipawlcb. Sluke CtiaprI— 



THB HIS8I0NABT BBRALD FOB JANUARY, 1854. 

Cudlff, TiUmuU— 



1 > I 

.' 1 1» I : 



A(kiia«lid|>d btbn 



CoUaelhnu, tt, (two- 



l<*iinl*l(t4 bttan 



CsMHballBH, Jbtt- 



KORTII WALFB. 



SODTR WALKS. 



Cintrlbiulau .. 



OuircnH ASM ni— 





Jamaka- 




Aunotto ud Buff B>T. 










ZtiWl. Brtbiaj— 





I^»i« 


Mt 


nobm 




IBELAM). 


Coltnln*- 
i Frltn 

















SnbKtiplioiu anil DonMioiu in aid of the Baplin Humanarr Sockl^ will be llMnktull' 
lecarad l^ William 'GrodieGurnfrr.E!!;., anil Samuel Morton P«la,E<q-,M. P., TtmL'iucn 
by tba rter. Frwlcriek Trwlmil nnJ Edinird Bean Underhill, Esq.. .SeCTetariw, at iLo 
BGBon Home, SA, Hoorgale Street, Lokikin: in Epnraukati, bj the Iter. JtnuthRD 
Watam, and John MBca»dreir,T:iK|. in Giamow, hy C. Andcraoii, Esq.; in DuBUH, bf 
Jabn Puner, Eiq., Rathmine* Gwllc; in CALOL'Tn. bj the Rev. Jamci TliomoB, BnplLil 
UWon PwMj and at Nbw York, United SIhIm, 1i« W. Colgfiie, Enq. Ciintributions can 
ako be paid m at UeaBi, Barclay, Beren, Trittcn, and Co., Lombard Slicet, to the account 
of tbe TMunrcn. 



QUARTERLY REGISTER 



or THJI 



BAPTIST HOME MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

JANUARY, 1864. 



MISSIONAKY TOUR OF MESSRS. WEBB OF DUNCHURCH AND MAIZEY 

OF STUDLEY. 



Studies, Warwiekshve, 
December 16, 1853. 

I feel sorry I did not send ycu the report 
of the miauonary tour immediately on the 
eoncliuion of oor labours, when the incidents 
coming under our notice were fresh upon the 
memory, and deeply impressed upon the 
beart. 

Not that it is possible easily to forget the 
scenes of iniquity and sin which present 
themselves to the eye of the home missionary, 
nor lose the deep feeling of commiseration 
im pres s e d on his heart by the religious 
destitution of our hamlets and villages on the 
one hand, and by the apathy and lukewarm- 
nesB of the churches on the other. 

Brother Webb of Dunchurch, according to 
appointment arrived at Studley on Wednes- 
dsy, September 81st, when we made arrange- 
ments for our missionary work, and set 
about it accordingly. On this occasion we 
departed a little from the general plan 
sdopted, vii. that of confining our labours 
entirely to the destitute villages and hamlets 
for whose immediate benefit our mission was 
intended ; in order, under the divine blessing, 
more essentially to serve, and more perma- 
nently to advance, the objects of your home 
misNon. Hence we laboured diligently 
daring the week days among the villagers, 
guliig from house to house, distributing 
tracts, and conversing with the people 
individually about their souls and salvation, 
urging them in Christ's stead to be reconciled 
to God ; and then, in the evening of each 
day, when the labours of the field were 
ended, we collected them together ; either in 
the open air, or in the bam, or in the lovely 
little vilUige chapel, as the case might be, 
and preached to them Girist and the way of 
lalvation. But we made a point of spending 
the Lord's day in some town central to the 
rillages we visited during the week ; securing 
tome commodious place of worship in order 
to hold revival meetings • and circulating 
handbills announcing the order of ser\-ice8, 
we engaged the attention of the public. The 
meetings were well attended. We embraced 
the op{or1unity of laying before them the 
destitute condition of the villages around, and 
nifed them, by the mercies of God, and the 
claoms of their fellow dying sinnent, to follow 
up with their prmyen and weekly vistations 



the efforts we had made to quicken and 
arouse the villages adjacent, that the seed 
sown might not perish in the soil, or be 
carried away by birds of prey ; but under their 
fostering care might spring up and bear fruit 
to the advantage of the churches thus 
employed, and, above all, to the praise and 
glory of God. 

For, afler all, what are annual visitations 
to sustain and feed the fainting, starving 
multitudes? Spirit of the living God, 
descend, und baptize thy people with another 
Pentecostal shower. Lay the burden of 
souls upon their hearts. Enkindle through- 
out our churches the missionary flame. Then 
the heavens from above shall drop fiitness, 
and the church below shall become like the 
garden of the Lord. Then our villages shall 
assume another aspect ; for, ** Instead of the 
thorn shall come up the fir-tree, and instead 
of the briar shall come up the myrtle-tree, 
and it shall be to the Lord for a name, for an 
everlasting sign that shall not be cut oifl" 

Thursday, September 22nd. We com- 
mcnced our missionary work, and, although 
1 cannot give you now an account of all the 
places wo visited, and all the incidents that 
occurred, yet 1 will endeavour to recall such 
incidents and places as may be worthy of 
notice. 

We left Studley, and passing through 
Little Wood Green we distributed our tracts, 
and freely conversed with the people, who 
gladly received them, and heard our message, 
until we came to the village of Aliddie Town, 
Here for some time we have held a prayer- 
meeting during the winter season, and God has 
blessed the means to the souls of many, some 
of whom are gone home to glory, and others 
still remain consistent members of our church 
at Studley^ But this is not a rose without a 
thorn. Satan has his scat here. And almost 
the first house we entered, on presenting our 
tract, the storm began. Unknowingly, we 
found ourselves within the precincts of 
Roman jurisdiction. The good woman of 
the house began to storm most vehemently. 
She said she did not know brother Webb, but 
she knew me well, and that 1 hated all Roman 
Catholics. I begged her to be calm, and 
wished her not to be hasty in her conclusions. 
I said, it is too evident from all history thai 
Roman Catholics^haU pTO\«KlKa\A. omV \\ 



66 QUARTERLY REGISTER. 

does not necessarily follow that all protestanttf | from one end to the other with trscts, brother 
hate Roman Catholicflb All true protestan- j Webb taking one side, and mjself the other ; 
tism, I said, comes from God, and rpsemhlfb and pressed up<m the people the importance 
God. God haten sin, while at the Kimc time of attending the house of God. I think it 
he loves the sinner; and just so all true one of the worst placeK I ever visited for non- 
while they hate jKipery us a attendance on the means of urjice. There ai« 



popery. Her husband coming in, seemed of ; seulous home missionary would bei very 
another spirit. Hewiid," Well, take the tnct, ustlul here. At five o'clock p.m. we 
and let us read for oiin«elve9." We handed , preached ng-.iin in the market place to a few 
him that beautiful little tract, ** Christ the ' l^fiple, and from thence wo rep.iired to the 
only Way of Salvation.** The tract was i Uiptiat chapel, kindly offered to us by the 
approved of, and although the poor i^t-v. J. Bottomity, where we held an evening 
woman has not renounced popery yet, she is service. A Ixtut seventy persons were present, 
more friendly with the heretic*, as she terms a ^ large congregation for Henly. Brother 
them, and is glad to receive any tracts they Webb, rising above discouragements, preached 
can give her, and has expressed herself Borr>' J to us a most encoun^ing sermon, from Psalm 
for having treated us so unkindly. Such is I c>xvi. 0*, ♦* He that goeth forth and 
Christianity. It hreatlics love. Its entrance \ reapeth," A[c. After that we held a pmyer- 
giveth light. May the light shine mr.re and j meeting, at which all the people remained ; 
more, until the once angry and benighted many were deeply impressed ; and God was 
papist becomes the loving and enlightened j ^r\i\y in our midst. I have heard since that 
protestant believer. E mention this to ! tlie visit gicatly revived the people. Thus 
encourage any des]>onding tmet distributor ends our first week and first sabbath. May 
to sow beside all waters, and put his trust in t''*^ ^^o'y Ghost succeed the effort, and he 
God. From thence we went to Samhourn, • «J'''l' have the glory. 

about two miles farther, and in both the | Monday, Siptember Cfith. The first scene 
villages we dislrilnited al)out '200 tnn:t«. ' of our labour this morning was Wooten, 
Manyofth ' • :..i .• ,i- , ... i „K».,t ♦«•« «.:i.^ r„„ .i _. , . .... 

of it. M 
Friday 

connected with Studley. We have a j;<'od | '} he friends of the csUiblished church re- 
little chapel here, built by t!ie venerable j ceived our tracts and exhortations gladly, but 
father Brooks, memlwr of the baptist church ^'"^ Koman catholics manifested the worst 
at Alcestcr, and lent to the niisHon free of ftHjlings of an unrenewed heart, refusing to 
cost. We have a church here of about thirty ' ncoe]»t our tracts, although we beseechingly 
members, and a noble sabKith school ; all , requested them to read and judge for them- 
the result of home missionary toil, f lod has st-lves, on the grounds that our tmcts as well 
blessed his words in this place, and we trust ; a* our motives to do good were purely un- 
our visitation proved a time of refreshing fn»m sectarian in principle and catholic in their 
the presence of the Lord. ap|»lica»ion. but they, true to the idd adage, 

Saturday, Septeniber Wth. We prepared " l;;noranee is the mother of devotion," once 
to pay a visit to flcit/y in Arden, a town n^ore shut their eyes against the light, and 
about seven miles from Studley, containing closed their hearts againat the truth, pouring 
about 2,000 inhabit«mts. On our way the utmost contempt on our persons and 
thither we parsed through several villages, in nnessage. Truly we had a fearful develop- 
all of which we distributed tracts, not ment of the unchangeable character of 
exempting the public houses, which wee poj ^ry, which only lacks the opportunity to 
gratehilly received ; and our appeals to the A'o**t up again the fires of Smithfield, and 
consciences of the people seriously listened pt^rsecule unto the death. From thence we 
to. In the evening we arrived at Uenly in . c;ime to« Bearly, a village about four miles 
Arden, weary and fatigued; and, having ^'om Henly, and four from Stratford-on- Avon, 
procured rurselves lodgings, we conmiendcd Here we found a more noble people, they 
each other to God, and soon retired to rest, received us as the messengers of Christ, they 
On the morrow : listened to our exhortations with the greatest 

Sunday, September 25th, We commenced attention and earnestness, and gave us a most 
the day by preaching out of doors. In the pressing invitation to stay with them that 
morning at nine o'clock a few people collected evening and preach in their chajiel ( Wealeyan) 
together, and brother Webb delivered a most , which we rouiily accepted. We went from 
practical and imprefsive sermon. From hwlf house to house, distributing tracts, and 
past ten till two o'clock p.m. we went from inwting them to attend the evening service. 
iouse to house, and JiSerally sowed the town Wives went into the fields to infonn their 



QUARTERLY REGISTER. 67 

bmibnds and Mms, that they might come! immortal bard of Stmtford, but wc diicorer^ 

home as early as poanble to attend with them ' but little of his geniun among the people. 

the house of prayer. We had a good cbaiiel They are dark and lifeless with regard to 

4alU I preached to them from Ivaiah Iv. 1 : thing's npiritual. They have a neat little 

" Ho ! every one that thirsteth, come yc to chnpel supplied by Imjitist and independent 

the water?," Ac., and truly the river that ministers, hut is Radly attended. They know 

maketh glad the city of God flowed among ', not the tilings belonging to their peace. We 

the people, and the ^ thirsty land Itccame | went to cvi>ry hnuNC leaving (Uir tracts, and 

springs of water." Many resolved that night ! conversed with them ciu-nestly aliout the 

to give themselves to God, and esjtecially one importance of inijtroving the day of their 

poor backBlider,while hearing about the fulness visitation, froniising to meet them again 

aodfreenessof redeeming mercy, w:tf induced ! (D.V.) in the house of (lod, or in the open 

to come again to the fountain and wash away air, on the following sablKith. Our tracts 

his sins calling upon the name of the Lnnl. j being nearly exhausted (having distributed 

He with some others went with us on our way I upwunls of 70U tnicts this tour) we were 

nearly into Stratford, convenung al>out the under the noccshity of returning to Studley to 

"things belonging to their peace," when he replenish, which we did that night, walking 

tc»ld brother Webb the cau^e of his fall from ^ fourteen long mile^ weary iind juded with 

God— how miserable he had been ; but now , our toil. 

his sorrow was turned into joy, and hy the ■ Thursday came, but we cou!d do i othing. 

help of the Saviour he would devote himself Brother Webb was very poorly, and I was 

atre»h to God. On the lx>rders of Stmt ford ; oblif^ed to keep in bed. 

we wished them farewell commending them - Friday, September ,'iO. Still so ill as not 

to God, rejoicing that the ** Great Shepherd " [ to be able to do any thing. Bnither Webb 

•hould count us worthy to go among the however went throui>h )>art of Studley and 

difpersed of Judah, and bring back one lost - Green Lane, doing the work of an evangelist. 

shtep of the hou*f« of IsmeL ' Had a mo^t delightful and pn>HtabIe interview 

Tuesday, September '27th. We went, i with a family there, whieh uni!er God was 

acci^mpanied with our dear brother the Rev. : made a blessing to the master of the house. 

Thomas BumpuSjbaptiht minister of Stratfonl, ' Since then he has ca.«t in his lot with the 

to Soitteriield, a large and interesting village ! people of (iod : may he he presented faultless 

tbout four miles from Stratford, eontmning in the day of Chiist. Green Lane abounds 

iljoul a thousand inhabitrmt^. On finding ^-ith Roman Catholics ; but not of the sterner 

that they had a very neat and substantial (ir)rt. It is a kind ot mongrel pof)ery. Stud- 

chnpel, Weslcyan, we thought we sliouUl do ley is too dei-ply impregnatecl with protestan- 

vcil to n:ake inquiry and secure it for an i'lrtin to be able to humHow the awful 

c^enin^ 5er\iee, a^ the weather would not nioii!»t;o>itie» «if tliat SDuI-ileeeiving and soul- 

aiiow us to hoid service in the open air. Alter destri.\ in.' m>U m. 

wme trouble, and pniving to a «lomonstration Satuniay, October 1. .'^et out on foot 
that we were not *' Wesley an refornier>,'* from SluiiUy ti»r Stratinrd-on-A von, fourttvn 
llie friends connecte*! with the chapel \ery miles, ili^tii'mtinj; traits at ail the villages we 
kindly favoured us with the h'an i»f it fur the passed tlin-i. .li ami to all we met upon the 
evening. We then (li\idetl the village l)etween road, wliieh w- ;o not a tew, as it was at the 
U5, cacti one taking a difierent eircuit, delivi r- eIo«<e of a iar«;c cattle .a »•. 
insj tracts at almost every house, ami speaking ' Toward the e^enitij^ we arrived at Shottery, 
to them about Chrint and his sidvation, in- , and were hot): eitertained in the family of 
rlte<l them all, even the parish clerk, to ' James Cox, Kmi.. who^c* praise is in all the 
ittend the public service in the evening. • churches, and whose peculiar interest in the 
The people received us gladly, they prouiise<l honie nii>sioii, in connexion with his :,ood 
to meet us at the house of God, and did not lady, Mrs. (.'«»x, I was delij^hled to witne^5. 
«':««sipl>«;iijt us. We had a lovely congn^^a- ■ Our object at Stnuford this time wjis to 
lion, many not in the habit of attendin:; any spend a sabbmh in t!iat town, in good, earnest, 
place of worship found their way to the • home mi*«.">ionar\ style, and more e«»pec:ally to 
smctuary that night; we commenced by ' stir up the zeal and energy of the churches in 
kinging, *'Je&u«, the name high o\er all," alio that place, lor the witler ditiiision of the 
afer reading and pniyer iirother Rumpu^ gospel of i'hri&t in the villa;!.' s around ; and, 
delivered a most ixiwirful and impreht%i\e . atter having spent a ci-nifortable night at 
discitune from, ** Il(»w ohall we escape, if we Shottery, we arose, on 

neglect so great salvation T' Ileb. ii. 30. .Sabbath niornini', October :2nd., and 
Many felt the force of truth, and we have ' repaired to Strattonl, where we met our dear 



reason to hope and believe that good was 
done. 

Wednesday, September 28. This morning 
in company with brother Rumpus we visited 



brother Rumpus, furrounded by a kind- 
hearted and gt-nerous people, who n^ceived us 
gUuiiy. Handbills having licen printed and 
posted about the town announcing the order 



thetncient Tillage of Shottery, celebrated for , of services foi the diiy, divvwu w^ ^^ ^'^^« 
bfing the fiiTOiurite resoit of Shakspenre, the / Bumpus, and printed al the enveiVK ot \^ 



68 



QUARTERLY REGISTER 



baptltt church, gave ample publicitj to all our 
moTcmenta. Accordingly we commenced the 
labours of the day vith an open air lervice. 
It was a lovely morning — ^the sun shone 
beautifully ; and at nine o'clock, in about 
the centre of Stratford, we commenced the 
blessed service by singing that melting hymn : 
** Arise, my tcnderest though tR, arise/' &(*. 
We read a portion of scripture, brother 
Bumpus prayed, and then brother Webb 
delivered an excellent sermon to about 200 
people and five ministers 4>f the gospel 
connected with or natr the town. While 
singing the last hymn I ^ave tracts to all the 
people, exhorting them to attend to the 
things they had heard, thoy received them 
readily, except two or three poor Irishmen, 
who stoutly refused to take them, on the 
ground that it would be a *^ mortal sin ! " 

From half past ten p.m. to half past one 
p.m. we went throughout the town distributing 
tracts from house to house, and in some of the 
oourti we collected them together in one or 
other of the houses twelve or fourteen at a 
time^ and gave them short addresses, which 
the people received gladly. We distributed 



about 250 tracts. Brother Bumpns preached 
in the chapel, and announced the servicei for 
aflemoon and evening. 

At half past two I went over to the village 
of Shottcry according to promise, and was 
most happy to see the little chapel well filled 
with attentive hearers, and best oif all God was 
with us. Brother Webb addressed the chil- 
dren and parents of the sabbath school — they 
have a delightful school : and at six o'clock 
we had a public meeting in the baptist chapel 
which was filled in every part, at which most 
appropriate nnd spirit-stirring addresses were 
delivered, in which brother Webb and I took 
part. The impressions made were deep, and 
I trust lasting ; the dormant energies of the 
church were aroused. It was a good day, 
not soon to be forgotten by the people of 
God. Many were attracted by the sight, and 
we trust and believe that the *' bread then 
cast upon the waters will be seen after many 
day%'» 

Thus ended one of the most delightful 
sabbaths I ever enjoyed, and the second week 
of our home misdionary tour. 
To be continued. 



MONI£S 

£ $. 

LOMOOJf. 

Dividends, hj Mr. Dale 26 8 
BsquMt of the Ute Miss 

Sermoar 5 

Do., MlM Brown, Skip* 

ton 19 19 

Dodwell, E., Esq 1 

Hcpbam, J., B»q 1 1 

Hepburn, A. P , Esq. ... 10 

Bsmee, R. Y., R«q I 

By HUa Walters 16 

PameU. W , E«q 10 

Camberwell 29 16 

Devonablre Square 12 12 

BUCKHfOHAMSHTRX. 

Amersham 10 

Cheabam aud Berkbamp- 

•tead 2 17 

Cbeaham and Wycombe, 

bv Mr. Salter 5 10 

Haddendaoi 1 18 

Cornwall 
St. Aostle 1 



RECEIVED SINCE LAST REGISTER. 

d. £ s. 

Marazion 8 

I Redruth 2 12 



Truro 2 14 




6' 



d. 

3 

10 




J^s. d. 



SoMXRSBTSaUIB. 

! Brlitol, balance 5 16 



0' 



CUMBBRLAIVO. 



J Maryport 1 7 



g I DuaaKTSUIRK. 

' Bridport 1 9 

6 Dorchester 3 



^ i ESBBX. 

_ Saffron Walden 5 19 



GLOrCBSTS&SHlRB. 

Shortwood 6 7 



Hbrbpordshirb. 



North of Enolamo. 
South Shields 10 15 








Do., on account 35 

Borobridge I 4 

Bridgwater 3 10 

Chard 5 

Highbridge 13 

MInehead 1 13 

Montacute 2 4 

Wellington 10 19 

Wells 2 14 

Williton 1 



SrssKx. 



Rosi 3 18 6 1 



8 

9 


5 
8 
4 
S 






5 Battle 7 8 6 

- , Hastings « 15 

1 Lewes 3 17 

6 Rje « * 

I WAJRWICKSHiaS. 

Coventry 27 7 4 



SOOTLASlOw 

Edinburgh, Elder Street 14 10 
Do 10 



Donaiiont and Subtcriptions vriU be gratefully receiwd on behaHf of the Society, by th§ 

Treoiwrer, J. R. BOUSFIELD, Esq., 126, HoundedUck ; or by the Secretwryj 

THE REV. STEPHEN J. DAVIS, 33, MOORGATE STREET, LONDON. 



if«eA troMe will be taved, both to the Secrdar^ and hie corretpondenie, if, in making pay- 

menii by Poet Office ordere, they vcill give hu name ae abotfe : or, at any rtUe, adwM 

him of the name they have communiccUed to the Poet Office oiMAmfui. 



/. HAOOON 'i^1> SON, rsiMTBSa^ GASTLS STEBXT, POISBURT. 



\ 



THE 



BAPTIST MAGAZINE. 



FEBRUARY, 1864. 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. CHARLES DARKIN, 

OF OIBBVCESTEB. 
SUPPLIXD BT XBS. DABKIN. 



As every insianoe of the power of 
diTine grace is confirmatory of its truth, 
it is a daty we owe to the church and 
tlie world to record the experience of 
thofle who have by its influence main- 
tained a consistent course during their 
siiort sojourn in this state of trial, and 
who hare humbly endeavoured to glo- 
rify Qod and serve their generation. 

The subject of the following narra- 
tive was early favoured with religious 
instruction, and was in no small degree 
indebted to the watchful care of a pious 
mother. As his mind, cast in no ordi- 
nary mould, began to develop itself, he 
displayed surprising quickness in the 
acquisition of knowledge, and a strong 
native genius. 

The following account written by 
himself, and read at his ordination, 
fimiishes a more correct view of his 
Chnstian experience than could be sup- 
plied in any other way. 

To the question proposed to him, 
'* Are jou the mihjeot of divino grace f 

rOL, Xm. — FOURTH sat IKS, 



'» / 



his reply is, " I hope I am ; I know how 
desirable certainty is on such a subject, 
but -whatever confidence I might ex- 
press when speaking of others, I must 
speak with difQdence concerning myself. 
I repeat it, I hope I am, and shall en- 
deavour in a few words to 'give a 
reason of the hope that is in me.* 

'' I find pleasure in engagements, in 
subjects, and in society, that are spiri- 
tual ; a greater pleasure than, in any- 
thing else. This was not always the case 
with me. Till about seventeen years of 
age, I deemed such subjects and such 
society most dull and insipid, and I 
would gladly have escaped from them 
for any of the pastimes of worldly peo- 
ple. I had, however, even then a most 
powerful conviction of the importance 
and absolute necessity of these things, 
but I could not then hear of them 
because they involved a renunciation of 
the things of the world. 

" It was my privilege to ha^rQ ^ i^vo\xft 
mother who took core m m^ e&x^e&V» 



70 



MJSMOIR OF THE LATE REV. CHARLES DARKIN. 



days to instil into my mind thoughts of 
God and heaven. I learned on her 
knee before I could read a letter, and i 

I 

as early as I could lisp, Dr. Watt's first 
catechism and many of his divine 
songs, and I have a clear recollection of 
repeating these, and, what is the more 
remarkable, I have not forgotten many 
of the thoughts I formed from the 
words I then learned. These time has 
necessarily corrected, but I still recog- 
nize them as entering into some of my 
motives and conduct. 

" I have never been without so much 
of the fear of God's anger as to keep 
me from gross violations of his com- 
mandments, and this feeling I can dis- 
tinctly trace to these instructions. 

" I mention this now as a just tribute 
of praise to a good mother, and ear- 
nestly hope it tikAy ittipfeBS all present 
with the importance of early instruc- 
tion, and especially the female part of 
this audience knowing that so taiUch 
may be done by a pious mother. 

'^ As I grew up, I was not suffered to 
mix wiUi the rude and noisy children 
around me, but I discovered an impa- 
tience of restraint in this and in many 
other respects that made my friends 
fear for me in prospect of my removal 
from them. 

*<Till the age of fourteen I was at 
a respectable grammar school, where I 
learned readily all that was bad from 
the example of greater boys. At that 
age I was removed many miles from 
home, and added one more to a great 
many pupils under the care of a baptist 
minister. After the first half year's 
residence in this family, however, I 
filled a situation differing somewhat 
from a pupil, and became junior assist- 
ant in the room of one whom I knew 
but little of then, but in whose friend- 
ship I have since had great pleasure for 
many years. When I entered the aca- 
demy at Stepney I found he had been 
^eiv sUreadf two jetucB^ and he has the 



honourable reward of persevering appli- 
cation, in being at this day classical 
tutor at that academy. 

" My taking this situation was the 
turning point in my destiny, if I may 
be alio wed the expression. The moral 
restraints of the school, and most 
wholesome and regular conducting of 
morning and evening prayer, with at- 
tention to religious instruction, were 
valuable privileges to me at that time. 
But though my outward behaviour grew 
moral, I well know that this is not ne- 
cessarily connected with a change of 
heart. 

^' It is true I sometimes now thought 
of the subject of religion, and I read 
the experience of converted men, but I 
could see nothing in them unless it was 
their joy at knowing Jesus Christ was a 
Saviour; this commonly excited my 
surprise, because I had known this 
from my infancy. I saw not then the 
difference between the knowledge of 
the head and the knowledge of the 
heart. 

"But about the age of seventeen it 
pleased God that I should suffer much 
in my mind thou^^ the cause of it was 
shown afterward to arise principally 
through mistake ; but, blessed be tiie 
Lord, it was the most happy mistake I 
ever made in my life. Through the 
withdrawment of the friendship of a 
fellow teacher, I was led to seek the 
friendship of God. My dejection might 
be considered an illustration of the 
text — * The wicked feeth fvhen no man 
pursnetk,^ lAj guilty conscience alone 
made me fear. I was led to believe 
that my want of decided piety made 
me unacceptable to my friend, as he 
had made a public profession of re- 
ligion, and also seriously thought of 
preaching the gospel, and I was urged, 
blessed be God, to dweU more upon this 
conscious deficiency than anything ^se. 
My thoughts became a burden to me — 
indeed thiftfraib^^lisyaxLied me imtil I 



liSMOlR or TSK LATB UBY. CHABLSS DARKIN. 



71 



wii diifsea by it to mj dloset to try if I 
coold find that in the biUe which had, 
9fiooMng to their pi>ofeMion« given 
co«soUti(m to 80 many good people. I 
opened the part moat frequent^ quoted 
by moh penons, the PBalms oi David, 
and as I read my mind was insensibly 
drawn from my troabk to think of God> 
who in the eighth pealm especially is 
•et forth in creation and providenoe. 
Tbe nbject) much as I had before read 
and heard of it, seemed new to me ; 
aad I uitm-fy diddiwed the constant at- 
tention of the great Qod towards the 
oeatoiea he had formed. But a little 
Nfleetion ooavinoed me it mnst be so ; 
tittt the smallest insect could not live 
vithont his unremitting care, at least 
ii supplying it with the means of Ufa 

^ From this thought, the consequence 
I was so di^KMod to reject returned 
with the greater force; — ^that this 
awiul Being had been thus unremitting 
is his regard of me. And I fell upon 
my knees and addressed Him who, un- 
aiked, unthanked, had sustained me so 
many years in the world. It was the 
fint time my hsart had ever addressed 
God, and it was an overpowering exer- 
cise. 

'^ I had no hope of escaping future 
poBiahment, but this did not distress 
me. It seemed as though my mind 
would admit nothing but this one sub- 
ject. Ood had shown me a glimpse of 
his goodness, and by the splendour of 
this light my own vileness was revealed, 
aad my mind was filled with wonder 
and admiration, in a state of the deepest 
sdll-ahasement. And literally was it 
true in my case, — 'The goodness of 
God leadeth to repentance.* 

^ For weeks thoughts of God's good- 
ness and my unworthiness molted me, 
and it was with surprise only equalled 
hf the joy that attended it, that my 
vmA was raised from its voluntary 
prosiralion» lot here did I desire to 
\mp H^ U> tear agmn of Jesus Christ 



That passage was quoted by the minis- 
ter in prayer, ' For the love of Christ 
constraineth us/ ^o, and the vicarious 
sacrifice of the Redeemer in all its im- 
portance and unspeakable grace was 
instantly before me ; and now, for the 
first time, I began to see what Christ 
had to do with the joy of a converted 
man. You will pardon me if I say I 
do not remember anything of the ser- 
mon that followed that prayer, and that 
I thought the service long before I 
could find retirement. I need scarcely 
say my tears did not now cease to flow. 
The channel was full, but the fountain 
was a new one, Love and joy soon took 
the place of mere admiration and awAil 
reverence. 

^From that time to the present, 
though I have had many doubts to 
contend with, and many difficulties to 
sou , many fears to repress, and 

many sorrows to bear, not for my re- 
ligion, but for the want of more of 
it ; but that God who by his Spirit, I 
doubt not, made me see this goodness in 
saving and redeeming me by his dear 
Son. has never given me up, and I am 
here this day to confess that as to any 
good I possess myself, or desire for the 
souls of others, all the glory is his, — 
* by the grace of God I am what I am.' 

" It was about a year after the period 
I have mentioned that I seriously 
thought of the ministry. I had often 
considered its importance during that 
year, but never felt myself urged to 
think of it as my future engagement 
till I had entered upon a new situation 
much less favourable to piety than the 
one I had left. My attachment to 
spiritual things did not, however, de- 
crease ; indeed, I now, if ever in my 
life, enjoyed religion ; and the view of 
many around mc running in the ways 
of death, and hastening to destruction, 
made me anxious to do something for 
their conversion, and 1 sccreWy ^^NoVe^ 
myself to the Lord for t\\\ft v^xi^owi. 



i 



72 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. CHARLES DARKIK. 



''About two or three years after I 
became, by dismissioii from another 
church, a member of the church at 
Hackney, under the pastoral care of 
Dr. Cox. Here I made my first at- 
tempts to speak from the word of God. 
I was kindly encouraged by the church, 
and in the course of a short time went, 
by the church's recommendation, to 
Stepney Academy.'* 

Prior to his settling at Woodstock he 
preached in several places with accept- 
ance. His own account is as follows : — 
'' I was sent to supply this place by my 
revered tutor, the late Mr. Young, in 
June, 1825, but not till I had« by his 
direction, read the account of the 
treatment of the late venerated pastor 
of the church at Oxford in his unsuc- 
cessful attempt to proclaim the gospel 
here thirty years before. As I con- 
sidered my courage adequate to the 
undertaking I was sent as I have stated 
for the summer vacation. I left the 
people, I believe, with regret, to resume 
my studies at Stepney, but pressed by 
them to return the next year ; and 
having several other stations mentioned 
from which to choose, I sought the 
serious advice of some brother students, 
when it was decided that as I had been 
in some measure useful at Woodstock, 
and the good people were so urgent for 
my return, it was perhaps obeying a 
call in Providence to do so. Believing 
this I returned to Woodstock in June, 
1826 ; and the ensuing April a church 
was formed, which was scarcely done 
before I had a unanimous call to be- 
come its pastor. After some delibera- 
tion I accepted the invitation, and we 
have unitedly called upon our brethren 
to-day to testify the union thus formed." 
As the following account of the per- 
son who was the principal persecutor 
of Mr. Hinton (before referred to), is 
not generally known, and as it affords 
a striking illustration of the grace of 
Cfod in renewing the human heart, it 



may not be unseemly to introdaoe it 
in this narrative. 

About ten miles from Woodstock a 
zealous and fiuthful minister of the 
establishment discharged the duties of 
his calling, and several of the towns- 
folk were in the habit of walking over 
to the village to hear the ''word of 
life/' This poor man, who thought 
those persons would never go such a 
distance unless some worldly advantage 
was to be gained thereby, was induced 
to follow them, and being ashamed of 
his errand, staid in the church porch 
that he might not be recognised. He 
there heard truths which came home to 
his conscience, and he said to himself, 
" If this is true and right, I must be 
wrong." How was he to know 1 for 
he could not read ; but he resolved 
to find out. So he shut himself up in 
his room, learned his letters, and was 
soon able to spell out the meaning of 
some passages of scripture. He re- 
peated his visits to the village, heard 
words by which he could be saved, 
made a public profession of religion, 
and died in the fiuth and hope of the 
gospel. 

From the period of Mr. Darkin*8 
devoting himself to the work of the 
ministry, till his removal to a better 
world, he endeavoured in various ways 
to diffuse the knowledge of his Re- 
deemer. Though not called, as some 
are, to a very public and distinguished 
part of the vineyard, he diligently per- 
formed his work, commending himself 
to Him who appoints to each of his 
servants their station, nor did he labour 
without repeated proofs of the appro- 
bation of his divine Master. He for 
several years occasionally supplied the 
pulpit at New Road, Oxford, where he 
was much respected and beloved. 

His ministry, though not of a popu- 
lar character, was marked by a depth 
of experience, and a peculiarly gentle 
peTtoai^venjen, wYivcli fgraiAly endeared 



BEA80NS FOR HOT BEING ASHAMED OF THE GOSPEL. 73 



hkn to thoae who regularly attended 
it. 

By his efforts a British sohool has 
been established in the town where he 
resided which promises much good to 
the juyenile population. 

The peculiar lot of Christ's servants 
he shared in common with them, and 
hence he not unfreqnently in his minis- 
tiati<»i8 dwelt on the afflictions of the 
righteoaSy and urged the necessity of 
dependence on God by humble and per- 
serering prayer. 

LoTe to Christ, producing the fruits 
of obedience, he never failed to insist 
upon, and while decided and firm in 
nn^mfatining principles of noncouform- 
itj, he was a lover of all good men, and 
often deplored that more attention was 
not given to the promotion of piety 
and good will, instead of magnifying 
little differences and trifling distinc- 
tions. 

He was made very useful in visiting 
the sick, and possessed a peculiar tact 
in discovering the state of an indi- 
ndaal*s mind, and adapting instruction 
or encouragement as required. And 
many instances of usefulness resulted 
from such efforts. 

His bible was his daily study and 



companion ; and on one occasion, some 
months prior to his last illness, when 
very unwell, he said to one very dear 
to him, ''I am a firm believer in the 
truths of revelation." 

For several years prior to his death 
there was reason to fear that disease 
was insidiously making sad inroads on 
his delicate frame. Medical skill in 
vain attempted to arrest its progress ; 
and He whose ways are far above 
human comprehension, saw fit to re- 
move him to a higher and nobler state 
of being. He loved his Saviour, and 
has often been heard to express his feel- 
ings in poetic language. 

" No, 'tis in rain to seek for bliss, 
For bliss c&a ne'er be foand, 
Till we arrive where Jesus is, 
Aod tread on heavenly ground.** 

Much more might be added to this 
account of one highly respected and 
greatly beloved by those who knew 
him ; but the influence of character is 
of far greater weight than mere verbal 
description. His end was emphatically 
''peace;" and the light shed by the 
gospel over the darkness of the tomb 
is the only solace to those who are left 
to mourn his loss. 



REASONS FOR NOT BEING ASHAMED OF THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST. 

BT THE BEV. JAMES EICnABDSON. 



Whbzt the apostle Paul was at Corinth 
he heard of the triumphs of the gospel at 
Rome, and he understood the exalted 
genius and the benevolent spirit of his 
religion too well to be dissatisfied 
that these triumphs had not been 
effected by himself. He rejoiced most 
heartily in all that had been done, and 
called God to witness, ''that without 
ceasing he made mention of the be- 
lievers there in his prayers," — yea, he 
hoged to visit Borne himseif that he / 



might impart unto them some spiritual 
gift "to the end that they might be 
established. He was ready to preach 
the gospel in the capital of the Roman 
empire with the same confidence and 
certainty of success as he had done 
in all the places whither the Spirit 
of God had led him. He had an unli- 
mited faith in the grand system of 
divine truth which he had been com- 
missioned to teach ; he had the gjceateat 
certainty that men mwat i^tViSiEi «^«t- 



74 AltAiONS FOB KOT BEINa ASHAUEB OF THS OOSFXIi. 



laa^gly unleas they he$xd i^nd believed 
it ; he had felt its power to mve on his 
own heart, and he had witneeied iia 
transforming, and saying, and blessed 
effects on vast mnltitudes of Jews and 
gientUes. Tfaereibre, he oouid say, ''I 
9m not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, 
lor it is the power of God ontoi salvation 
to every one that believeth, to the Jew 
first and also to the Qreek." 

Now, it is well known, that very deter- 
mined e#>rts are being made in many 
dMriots of our country, to bring ^' the 
gkurioos gospel of the blessed God*' into 
contempt, and the writer of this paper 
is therefore anxious to demonstrate 
the adaptation of this divine system to 
meet the moral necessities of man every- 
where by providing all that he needs 
for his present and eternal wel&re. If 
it can be shown that there is not a 
moral want which the gospel is not 
adapted to^ supply — ^that there is not 
a fear which it is not oalcukted 
to destroy — that there is not a bless- 
ing which man needs for his happi- 
ness which it does not impart — ^if, 
in a word, it can be proved that the 
gospel is exactly suited to his nature, 
circumstances, and destiny, then we 
think we shall go vezy £eu: towards 
silencing the ** ignorance of foolish 
men,'* who are prating against Chris- 
tianity and seeking to destroy confi- 
dene^ in it, a^d shall be able to exclaim 
with the greatest satisfaction and de- 
light, " I am not ashamed of the gospel 
of Christ;' 

I, I am not askamed of ike gospel of 
Ckriaty because it provides for the removal 
of human guiU, with all its attendant 
miseries^ hy the grand sacrifice whi^ it 
presents in the obediefioe and suifferings of 
the Lord Jesus. 

Svery unprejudiced mind will readily 
aoknowlec^e that there is something 
fearfelly wrong in the present state and 
oonditioii of the human family. When 
Hv diP9oi ouw oon^mplatioiis ta the 



inferior parts of tha oreation we see 
every thing to admire and to approve. 
Birds that wiiig their way through the 
wide expanse above us, the diffevent 
dasses of animals that crop the living 
grass, and all the other inferior crea- 
tures are evidently fulfilling the end of 
their existence. 

AU things considered^ we see nothing 
in connection with the irrational part 
of God's creation, which at all ckashea 
with our ideas of benevolence and 
happiness. But how widely different it 
ia when we fix our attention upon man, 
who is fer exalted above all other 
beings f on the earth by his rational 
faculties and powers ! He ia oapaUe of 
unlimited attainments in knowledge, 
but we firequently see him grovelling in 
the deepest ignorance. He is capable 
of rising continually in all moral exeetr 
lences» but, alas ! we behold him oooa- 
pied with mean pursuits, wallowing in 
sensual pleasures, and, in many eases, 
reducing himself below the level of the 
brute creation. He is capable of hap- 
piness the most dignified, and of jojrs 
the most refined, but he ia wretched 
and miserable, harassed by a thousand 
fears, and the victim of innumerable 
sorrows. 

Now, when we examine man's mental 
and moral endowments, and contrast 
them with the ignorance, poUution, and 
misery, which mark his character and 
course, we at once see that he is notful- 
fiUing the end of his existeme like the 
other portions ^ creation ta which we 
have wade aUusion. How is this to be 
aocounted for] Here are palpable 
fects, and we confidently submit that it 
is altogether impossible to account for 
them, unless we receive with all meek<» 
ness the statements of the scriptures of 
truth. These statements explain the 
whole matter ; and, when feirly ex-* 
amined, agree most accurately and futty 
with the actual state of tiaue human 
i species. 



REASONS FOR NOT BEING ASHAMED OF THE OOSPEli. 



7C 



Let us now inquire, What is the great 
feding vkich kKerettei ike heart of uni- 
verul humanity 9 It ia a feeling of 
§vik tmd condemnatioti. The facts in 
the history of the world will bear me 
rat in this statement. We go back to 
the first ages of the world, and what do 
we find ? Why, we find men addicting 
thentfelTes to idolatry. For what rea- 
Km? Doubtless, because they were 
burdened with a sense of guUt and 
fear, and were anxious to have it 
removed. What a fearM history is 
that of idolatry ! Small in its com- 
nenoement, it gradually ihcreased in 
its influence and power, until darkness 
ooTered Uie earth and gross daikness 
the minds of the peofde. All the objects 
in cieation from sun, moon, and stars, 
down to beasts, birds, insects, aild vege- 
tables, have been worshipped and 
adtfred. Even the antient Grieeks and 
Romans, with all their intellectual 
attainments, were involved in M the 
degradation and miseries of idolatry. 
And, at the present day, all those na- 
tions and tribes that are destitute of 
the knowledge of the one true Grod are 
ofiering sacrifices to gods of wood and 
stone, to departed heroes, or to hideous 
idols which represent the vilest princi- 
ples and passions. It is a fact con- 
finned by universal observation, that 
man wiU worship something. We take 
oar stand on the vast continent of India, 
and there we find idolatry established 
on the grandest scale, with its shastra, 
its pilgrimages, its ablutions, its iself- 
infiicted tortures, its suicide in connec- 
tion with the car of Juggernaut, and, 
until lately, its infanticide, and its 
burning of widows. We go to China, 
to Burmah, to the Asiatic islands, to 
Turkey, to Tartary, to Arabia, to South 
America, and to Africa, from the shores 
of Barbary to the Oape of Gk>od Ilope, 
and from the Red Sea to the Atlantic ; 
and every Where we see the children of 
men ben^bkM^ p<^uted, and rained by 



idolatry, in one or other of its thousand 
forms. We might say much, too, about 
idolatry, as practised by semi-Christian 
and infidel nations. We see that huge 
mass of corruption and fraud seated on 
the seven hills of Rome, and holding in 
bondage many of the European nations, 
and we also behold a sceptical philoso- 
phy jin various forms, deluding vast mul- 
titudes by setting up a goddess, fklsely 
named reason, and commanding all to 
fall down and worship. Now, what is 
the inference to be drawn from all 
these undoubted facts) Why, that 
th^re is a crushing bui'dcn of guilt on 
the heart of man, in every part of the 
globe. We everywhere behold men 
groaning and travailing beneath the 
weight of this burden. All are labour^ 
ing to find rest. They vTant peace of 
conscience ; they want to have a well- 
g rounded conviction that all will be 
weU with them into whatsoever worlds 
they may be introduced after death. 
Well, do they obtain itt Alas! no. 
They look for help, but thete is none ; 
for^salvation, but it is far from them. 

But we turn to the gospel of Christ, 
and there we learn that " God so loved 
the world as to give his only begotten 
Son, that whosoever believeth in him 
should not perish, but have ever- 
lasting life." We consult the oracles 
of God, and we find that this Son was 
given fh)m before the foundation of the 
world. We also find that the grand 
system of the Jewish economy was 
instituted for the express purpose of 
preparing the world for the advent of 
its great Deliverer. We find, too, that 
he was the burden of prophecy, for to 
him gave all the prophets witness. 
All the ancient sacrifices pointed to 
him, and, at length, he appeared to put 
away sin by the sacrifice of himself. 
We enter not at large into the nature 
of the great work of Redemption. Suf- 
fice it to say, that the infinitely perfect 
God is a Qod of ^u^Uioe, «a y(€i\ ^ ^ 



76 REASONS FOR NOT BEING ASHAMED OF THE GOSPEL. 



God of meroy; his justice had been 
insulted and outraged by human trans- 
gression, and, as the moral €U)vemor of 
the world, he could not, in the very 
nature of the case, exercise his mercy, 
only in harmony with the claims of 
righteousness. Here, then, we see at 
once the necessity of a mediator ; hence 
the apostle exclaims, '^ Whom God hath 
set forth to be the propitiation through 
fidth in his blood, to declare his right- 
eousness for the remission of sins that 
are past, through the forbearance of 
God. To declare, I say, at this time his 
righteousness, that he might be just 
and the justifier of him that belieyeth 
in Jesus.'* This, therefore, explains to 
us the nature of the work of the 
Redeemer. The everlasting principle 
of the government of Almighty God is 
righteousness. *' A sceptre of righteous- 
ness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.'* 
This, I apprehend, is the great &ct 
which the deniers of the necessity of an 
atonement overlook. They forget that 
God cannot depart from the principle of 
righteousness. It is the same with 
all righteous governments established 
among men. The principle of right- 
eousness must be adhered to, and mercy 
can only be granted in accordance with 
its claims. Let us look, then, at the 
sufferings of the Lord Jesus Christ in 
the light of this immutable principle, 
and we shall mark their great design, — 
''He bore our sin,'' according to the 
apostle, "in his own body on the ac- 
cursed tree." Ho became obedient unto 
death, even the death of the cross. His 
humanity was offered in sacrifice, and 
his divinity impressed the sacrifice with 
infinite merit and efficacy. Now, this 
is the glorious truth which the gospel 
proclaims: ''Herein is love," in the 
highest and most illustrious sense, " not 
that we loved God, but that he loved 
us, and sent his Son to be the propitia- 
tion for our sins." This love is the 
gnuid tiieme of the gospel ministry. It 



is to be proclaimed to every nation, 
tribe, family, and individual ; and this, 
and this only, is that which removes the 
burden of guilt and misery, and pro- 
duces a delightful sense of reconciliation 
with God. Look at the man whose 
conscience is troubled with remorse. 
He feels that he is a sinner ; he cannot 
get away from a sense of guilt and con- 
demnation; he tries to banish the 
thoughts of Gk)d and eternity from his 
mind, and to find ease in a state of 
carnal security, but he cannot do it. 
The past presses hard upon him with 
all its sins of ingratitude, presumption, 
and direct violation of the Divine law ; 
and he feels the perfect truth <^ that 
Scripture which saith, " The spirit of a 
man sustaineth his infirmity, but a 
wounded spirit who can bear ? " Well, 
he lends an ear to the glad news of the 
gospel of Christ ; he listens to its tender 
and weeping invitations : he hears the 
compassionate Redeemer saying, '* Come 
unto me, and I will give thee rest Re- 
pent, and believe my gospel. Forsake 
thy sins ; look unto me ; take my yoke 
upon thee, and learn of me, and I will 
give thee true peace." This is what the 
gospel says to the weary and heavy- 
laden, and the man who believes it 
obtains the blessedness which belongs 
to him " whose transgression is forgiven 
and whose sin is covered." He joys in 
God through the Lord Jesus Christ, by 
whom he has received the reconciliation. 
And, blessed be God, this is not mere 
theory, but real, living, experimental 
truth. Wherever the gospel is heartily 
received it produces this h^>py effect. 
It meets the guilty condition of man 
by the all-sufficient sacrifice and atone- 
ment which it presents. It offers 
salvation to the most helpless and un- 
worthy, and it conveys unmistakable 
evidence to the mind of pardon and 
peace, so that the heart swells with 
unutterable satisfiitction and delight 
And is this a ayatem to bo ashamed of 9 



&KA80NS FOR NOT BEING ASHAMED OF THE QOSPBL. 77 



Kty, verily, it is worthy of the great- 
est aydmirfttion and afieotion, and I freely 
(xmfeas that I account it my highest 
honour to proclaim it. Ail hail ! thou 
gloriooB gospel ; thou art the only 
effectual panacea for the moral diseases 
and woes of the world. 

XL / am not ashamed of the gospd of 
Ckritt, hecauee it not ovly providea for 
wr reooneiliation with Ood, but also for 
the renovation of our nature, by subduing 
off our evil principles and passions, and 
implanting those which operate harmo- 
mudg with the native dignity of the 
tod and the immortalitg for which it 
WIS created* 

Man is not only guilty, but depraved, 
His depravity manifests itself in almost 
innumerable ways and forms. ''The 
liesrt 18 deceitful above all things, and 
desperately wicked ; who can know 
it f " Out of it " proceed evil thoughts, 
murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, 
fiJse witnesses, and blasphemies." Va- 
rious plans have been formed and many 
agencies have been brought into opera- 
tion with a view to subdue these evil 
principles. Education has lent her aid, 
philosophy has exerted her power, and 
civil government has visited with pains 
and penalties ; but while these may 
have checked, in some measure, the prin- 
ciples in question, in their disasterous 
tendencies and effects, they have utterly 
failed in reaching the fountain whence 
the streams of evil proceed. But the gos- 
pel has power to change the heart. It is 
the mighty instrument which the Spirit 
of Qod employs to illuminate, to quicken, 
and to r^;enerate. It scatters the 
darkness of man's understanding, by 
imparting right views of his fallen 
and helpless condition — the purity and 
spirituality of the Divine law, — the 
insufficiency of his own supposed good- 
ness, the vanity and emptiness of the 
present world, — the matchless worth of 
his deathless spirit, and the unutterable 

importaaoe of invuible realities. It j 
roL. xrit, — youMTtr seejem. 



purifies and elevates his conscience and 
enables him to decide accurately be- 
tween right and wrong, and good and 
evil. It destroys his natural enmity to 
God and leads him to delight himself in 
admiring his perfections, in worship- 
ping at his footstool, in contemplating 
his works, and in meditating on his 
word. It destroys the feelings of hatred 
which the unrenewed heart cherishes 
against the human race, and imparts a 
principle of ardent and universal bene- 
volence which weeps over human 
misery, and delights in alleviating it. 
It bends the will to the Divine authority. 
It produces a holy principle of fear 
which shrinks from sinning against 
God, even in thought ; and ''last and 
not least," it inspires the heart with a 
simple and spiritual principle of fiaith, 
which pierces the veil which hides the 
heavenly world from this, and is " the 
substance of things hoped for and the 
evidence of things not seen." All this 
and more than this, the gospel effects in 
the^hearts of those who receive it. All 
their powers and faculties are brought 
beneath its renovating and saving 
power. They become new creatures. 
The love of sin is destroyed, and they 
delight in the service of Gk)d from the 
heart. But what am I saying ? Am I 
amusing the reader with fictions ? Or 
have I any facts to produce in support 
of these statements ? Oh yes, and time 
would fail to state them. Without re- 
ferring to what the gospel has done for 
millions in the past, and without direct- 
ing attention to what it is doing for 
multitudes at a distance, at the present 
time, I would appeal to many who will 
read these lines, and ask, Has not the 
gospel (lone what I have stated for 
you 1 Yes, it has been the power of 
God unto your salvation, and you know 
by evidence which it is impossible to 
doubt, that I am writing the words of 
truth and soberness. Ye are, therefore. 
my witnesses, and, glory io Oo^ \a >i>cA 



\. 



78 



BXASONS FOB NOT BBIVG ASHAMEI) OF THB OOffiPSL. 



liigliasi, I rejoice in the anutsnoe that 
flome of joa will be mj crown of re- 
joicing in the day of Jenia Ohriet. 

in. / am nai (mhctmed of the go9pd 
^ CkrUi, beetnue U not wdy provides for 
the removed of human gviU, and M« 
fm$9mthn 9f kwAon tHrture, hut aiso 
9doms tk^ lifw ivith the heauHes ef hoH- 
JMM^ and imdB to the pmctiee of every 
Mnff virtwmiy praieeworthy, and of good 
report* 

We hsre already referred to the ex* 
ie nai i e preralence of idofartrf , and it is 
«i unqoestionable fact that men erery 
where become aesimilated to the object 
ihffj worship. Hence the worship of 
the goddess Yenus led to the practice of 
the greatest licentiousness on the part 
ef the worshippers. The worship of 
the god Bacchui waa associated 
wiUi the greatest intemperance. The 
worship of the god Molodi was, of 
course, connected with the greatest 
omelties and murders. Some of tiie 
ancient gods from which the names of 
our days are derived, such as Odin and 
Thor, were the representatiTes of war, 
and the Northmen who worshipped 
them became a terror to the human 
race. And go where we may, and 
we shall find that there is a per- 
Ibot correspondency between the sup- 
posed character of idol gods and the 
dispositions and habits of their vo- 
taries. We need scarcely remark 
tiiat those gods are monsters of lust, 
revenge, injustice, and every thing 
that is vile, contemptible, and wicked. 
Hence their worshippers are ''like 
unto them.*' " Their throat is an open 
sepulchre, with their tongues they use 
deceit, the poison of asps is under their 
lips. Their mouth is full of cursing 
and bitterness. Their feet are swift to 
shed blood. The way of peace they 
know not, acd there is no fear of Qod 
before their eyes." Now, let us appfy 
the above connection to the gospel of 
Chrirt. It presentB as the object of 



woTship a Being of spotless purity, of 
inilezible justice, of iomotable troth, ef 
infinite mercy, and of everlasting love. 
The Lord Jesus Ohrist, the brightness 
of the Father*8 glory and the oxpresi 
image of his person — appeaored oa 
earth and exhibited all these perfeetkma 
in all their beanty and fuhiesa. He 
was God maniftst in the flerii, and we 
see in his person and life the meat 
splendid and unique ezfaibitioa of Di- 
vine and moral virtues which the world 
ever saw. We cannot fix our attentioo 
upon any evil which Christ did not 
condemn, nor upon any virtue which he 
did not practice. He was p«rfeetly 
holy, and all the doctrines he tann^t, 
all the lawv he enacted, all the ordi- 
nances he instituted, and all tiie pro- 
luses he uttered go to eradicate the 
very principle of evil in the heart, and 
to teach all men to deny themselves d 
ungodliness and woridly lusts, and to 
live righteously, soberiy, and godly in 
the present world. Ohrist also tau^it, 
and exhibited in his own lifi^, the grand 
principles of disinterested benevolence. 
He struck at the root of selfishness in 
all its forms. He taught his disciples 
that they ought to love one another as he 
had loved them ; and as he had loved 
them even unto death, so tiiey are to ha 
willing to lay down their Uvea, if neoea- 
sary, for each other. The spirit of the 
gospel is, from first to last, the spirit of 
love. It enjoins the forgiveness even 
of enemies, and teaches its disciples to 
pray for them who persecute them and 
despitefully use them. It commands 
them to do good unto all men, to make 
sacrifices to promote their happinesS) 
and it assures them that a cup o£ water 
given from right motives shall not pass 
unrewarded. Suppose, then, tiiat all 
men were to receive the gospdl of Christ 
Suppose that they all repent of their 
sin and place aa implicit rdiance upon 
the sacrifice of Christ for pardon and 
acceptance with Qod — ^that a& 



BEASOJfS FOft MOT BKIKO ASHAMED OF THE OOSPfi^ 



79 



nmnied and bom again by the incoe- 
lUpiiUe word which liveth and abideth 
for ever — and that all obey the laws of 
the gftepeij imbibe iti apirit^ and seek 
Ui inntate Us gnat Author in all 
thingi^ and what would be the roeuli ? 
Why^ the pievaknoe of goodnaw, only 
goodneae^ and goodnen of the greateet 
kind. Thie is what the gospel is 
A>«tin<jiH to ^QbcL It has already 
done this for a multitude which no man 
can number, and it will never stop in 
lis Ged-like career, until its righteous- 
IMS and its hlesHings have filled the 
whole evth. 

lY. /«jii fiiQt askamed of the gospd of 
CkriMj becaum tke hdi^ of U$ doctrines 
and u mudmg partieipatum in tie bleuinffe 
ntai'^sr a» aU^euficieni euppori and 
eimeiatiom under ail the Hie <md ajfLio- 
liuu 4^ lift^ and in the kour and article 
(/i&ttL 

It may be safely stated that the 
malice and wrath of the enemies of the 
goq»el have been carried to the utmost 
limits of ingenuity in devising methods 
of torture for its disciples in different 
agefl^ and in various countries. The 
darkness of dungeons, the agonies of 
the nek, the horrors of perpetual 
binishment, the ferocity of wild beasts, 
lad the fieroeness of the flames have idl 
been brought to bear on the fortitude 
md fidelity of Christian men and 
women. Every one acquainted with 
the history oi the church will acknow- 
ledge that the rage of the wicked against 
the followers of Jesus has known no 
boundfl^ and that had it been possible 
to banish every Christian and every 
shred of the gospel from the earth, it 
would have been done long ere this. 
ind what docs all this demonstrate i 
Why that the gospel is a great faot^ 
that it is linked with the throne of 
God, and that it is just as impossible to 
destroy it as it is to exLtinguish the 
great luminary of day. What a long 
list of martyrs, confessors and heroes 



belong to the ranks of the servants of 
the Most High! Men and women ia 
whose inmost soul the principles ef 
gospel truth had taken the deepest rootip 
and who acconnted it their greateit 
renown to seal their attachment to 
Christ with theblood of their hearts. 
In the many and violent perseoutioBS 
which l&ave oome upon the church of 
Christ, we have the most iUustrions 
proofs of the ali-safficiency of the gospel 
to support, sustain, and bless. The 
lights of God*s world have never been 
put out by the darkness of hell; and 
although the earth has been made 
drunk with the bk>od of the saints, yet 
the gospel which had made them free 
also made them strong, and impaited a 
joy unspeakable and full of glory. 
Henoe their names are engraven on 
monuments more durable than brass, 
their deeds are emblazoned in letters of 
gold, and the record of their sufierings, 
tilieir unwavering decision, and their 
glorious triumphs shall be held in ever- 
lasting remembrance, and iritall lead 
their successors to glory in that blessed 
gospel which gave them all their 
courage, patience, support, and con- 
solation. 

But, apart from direct opposition and 
persecution, the followers of the Saviour 
have to pass throu^ the common 
sorrows and afflictions of humanity, 
and it is a fact, attested by every day's 
observation, that they receive from tlie 
gospel all that is neoessary to make 
them resigned and happy. If they are 
poor the gospel speaks to them of 
spiritual riches : if they are laid on the 
bed of sickness it tells them their 
afflictions will work out for them the 
I peaceable fruits of ri^teousness ; if they 
are deprived of their earthly friends it 
assures them that they have still a 
Father and a Friend in heaven who 
will never leave them ; and when they 
aro called to die it unfolds to the eye of 

their faith a life ttiat Ai»ii u^iN^i ^xAm 



80 RBAS0N8 FOR NOT BEING ASHAliED OF THE OOBPEL. 



the heaven of heavens where they shall 
reach the highest perfection, take their 
place among the brightest of Qod's in- 
telligences, be engaged in the most 
noble employments, uplift their voices 
in the most rapturous praises, and 
receive from the infinite plenitude of 
the divine munificence the purest, the 
richest, and the most satisfying enjoy- 
ments. And does the gospel really do 
all this ? Does it bring life and im- 
mortality to light? Does it connect 
this world with another; time with 
eternity, and teach us that we are placed 
on this earth to be disciplined for 
heaven, and that if we avail ourselves 
of the provisions of its infinite love we 
shall be raised after death to the throne 
of the Eternal? Yes, beyond all con- 
troversy, and therefore it ministers the 
support and consolation of which we 
speak. And is this a system of which 
to be ashamed ? Would that man be 
accounted a rational man who was 
ashamed of the light of the sun, who 
should say that the sun itself was a 
poor, beggarly thing, and that the world 
could do very well without it ? Certainly 
not. And I take that man to be equally 
irrational who says that the gospel is a 
little and contemptible system, for, 
depend upon it, the physical world 
would not be in a more deplorable con- 
dition without the light of the sun than 
the moral world without the light of 
the Sun of Righteousness. But it may 
be said that the physical world could 
not exist without the light of the sun. 
Granted. And we also maintain that 
if the direct and indirect influence of the 
gospel were to be withdrawn from the 
moral world altogether, the vast human 
population would soon be engulphed in 
the deepest ignorance, — the vile passions 
of human nature would introduce the 
greatest disorder, — the conflicting moral 
elements would rush into murderous 



conflict, love and peace would leave the 
world, and the earth would become •a 
pandemonium. 

The limits of this paper will not allow, 
or we should have great satisfisction in 
directing attention to tiie influence 
which the gospel brings to bear upon 
man, not only in his religious interests 
and his immortal destiny, but also on 
everything which belongs to him as a 
citizen of the present world. It is, in 
the highest degree, friendly to philo- 
sophy, philanthropy, and patriotism. It 
is friendly to peace, and science, and 
fireedom. And it is undeniable that 
those nations which possess the gospel 
in its purest form are the most dis- 
tinguished for commerce, and the posses- 
sion of those advantages which are 
calculated to promote the best temporal 
interests of mankind. In whatever 
point of view, then, we contemplate the 
gospel, it is worthy of our highest 
admiration. It bears the impress of 
heaven in every part. It strikes at the 
root of all evil It bestows the richest 
blessings, and it unfolds the most glorious 
prospects. Whilst the external evidences 
in support of its truth and heavenly 
origin are of the strongest possible 
kind,— -its internal and experimental 
prooiis shine with irresistible strength. 
These appeal to facts mihrn the reach 
of all, so that the man who rejects tJiem is 
tUteHy wi^ut excuse. In conclusion. 

1. Let the Christian bind the gospel to 
his heart with the strongest attachment. 
It is infinitely worthy of it. Let him 
make himself acquainted with it in all 
its majesty, loveliness, and worth, and 
the more he knows of it the more he 
will resolve never to be ashamed of it. 

2. Let all who profess to love the gospel 
bear witness to it before the world, and 
spare no sacrifice of labour, time, or 
money to make it known to the very 
ends of the earth. 



81 



JTJDSON'S PRBPABATION FOR MISSIONARY LABOUR. 



Syebt derout reader of the copious 
faiographj of tlik eminent man, which 
was re^wed in our last number, 
will observe that the Supreme Disposer 
of an events, having destined him 
to an extraordinary work, employed 
exteaordinary means to prepare him for 
it From his childhood he was sub- 
jected to influences which at once aided 
lum in the acquisition of knowledge 
and cherished that spirit of patient 
determination by which he was after- 
wsids distinguished. The providential 



At the close of the session, Judson 
set out on a tour through the Northern 
States. Leaving the horse with which 
his father had furnished him with an 
uncle in Sheffield, Connecticut, he pro- 
ceeded to Albany to see the wonder of 
the world, the newly-invented Robert 
Fulton steamer; in which he took a 
passage to New York. "He had not 
been long in New York before he con- 
trived to attach himself to a theatrical 
company, not with the design of enter- 
ing upon the stage, but partly for the 



dispensations through which he passed purpose of familiarizing himself with 
in youth were also subservient to his its regulations, in case he should enter 
nsefolness as a missionary of the cross ! upon his literary projects, and partly 



sod translator of Qod's holy orades. 
Some illustrations may be advantage- 
OQsly g^ven here for the sake of those 
to whom Dr. Wayland's volumes are 

not sMwmMtfk 

Adoniram Judson entered college at 
Bzteen, intensely ambitious to excel, 
and able to compete successfully with 
his seniors. " It was at this period that 
French infidelity was sweeping over the 
land like a flood ; and free inquiry in 
matters of religion was supposed to 
constitute part of the education of 
every man of spirit. Young Judson 
did not escape the contamination. In 
the class above him was a ypung man 

by the name of E , who was amiable, 

talented, witty, exceedingly ''agreeable 
in person and manners, but a confirmed 
I^eist. A very strong friendship sprang 
np between the two young men, found- 
ed on similar tastes and sympathies ; 



from curiosity and love of adventure. 

*' Before setting out^upon his tour he 
had unfolded his infidel sentiments to 
his father, and had been treated with 
the severity natural Ito a masculine 
mind that has never doubted, and to a 
parent who, after having made innume- 
rable sacrifices for the son of his pride 
and his love, sees him rush recklessly 
on his own destruction. His mother 
was none the less distressed, and she 
wept, and prayed, and expostulated. 
He knew his superiority to bis father in 
argument ; but he had nothing to 
oppose to his mother's tears and warn- 
ings, and they followed him now^wher- 
ever he went. He knew that he was 
on the verge of such a life as he 
despised. For the world he would not 
see a young brother] in his perilous 
position ; but * I,' he thought, * am in 
no danger. I am only seeing the world 
md Judson soon became, at least pro- | — the dark side of it, as [well as the 
fessedly, as great an unbeliever as his , bright ; and I have too much self- 
friend. The subject of a profession respect to do anything mean or vicious.* 
was often discussed between them. At After seeing what he wished of New 
one time they proposed entering the i York, he returned to Sheffield for his 
law, because it aflbrded so wide a scope horse, intending to pursue his journey 



for political ambition ; and* at another 
they discussed their own dramatic 



westward. ^His uncle. Rev. Ephraim 
Judson, was absent, and a very ^\o\]a 



powers, with a riew to writing plays.'' I young man occupied \na p\^c^. "SSa 



82 



JUDSOK'S PREPARATION FOR MISSIONARY LABOUR. 



conversation was characterized by a 
godly sincerity, a solemn bat gentle 
earnestness, which addressed itself to 
the heart, and Judson went away 
deeply impressed. 

''The next night he stopped at a 
country inn. The landlord mentioned, 
as he lighted him to his room, that he 
had been obliged to place him next 
door to a young man who was exceed- 
ingly ill, probably in a dying state ; but 
he hoped that it would occasion him no 
uneasiness* Judson assured him that, 
beyond pity for the poor sick man, he 
should have no feeling [whatever, and 
that now, having heard of the cir- 
cumstance, his pity would not of. 
course be increased by the nearness 
of the object. But it was, neverthe- 
less, a very restless night. Sounds 
came from the sick chamber — some- 
times the movements of the watchers, 
sometimes the groans of the sufferer ; 
but it was not these which disturbed 
him. He thought of what the land- 
lord had said— the stranger was proba- 
bly in a dying state ; and was he pre- 
pared? Alone, and in the dead of 
night) he felt a blush of shame steal 
over him at the question,'for it proved 
the shallowness of his philosophy. 
What would his late companions say to 
lus weakness? The clear-minded, in- 
tellectual, witty £r^ ^,'[what would he 

say to such consummate boyishness ? 
But still his thoughts would revert to 
the sick man. Was he a Christian, 
calm and strong in the hope of a 
glorious immortality ? or was he shud- 
dering upon the brink of a dark, 
unknown future ? Perhaps he was a 
'freethinker,' educated by Christian 
parents, and prayed over by a Christian 
mother. The landlord had described 
him as a young man ; and in imagina- 
tion he was forced to place himself , 
upon the dying bed, though he strove 
with all his might against it At last 
otorDiBg came, and ih^ bright flood of 



light which it poured into his chamber 
duq[>elled ali his * superstitious illuaioi^* 
As soon as he had risen he went in 
search of the landlord, and inquired £br 
his fellow lodger. 'He is dead,* was 
the reply. ' Dead !* ' Yes, ho is goos^ 
poor fellow i The doctor said he would 
probably not survive the night.* 'Do 
you know who he was V ' Oh, je^ ; it 
was a young man from Providence Col- 
lege — a very fine fellow ; his name 

was £ .' Judson was completely 

stunned. After hours had pasMd, he 
knew not how, he attempted to pursue 
his journey. But one single ihoaghi 
occupied his mind, and the words^ 
Dead .' lost \ lost ! were oontinually 
ringing in his ears. He knew the re- 
ligion of the bible to be true ; he £elt 
its^truth ; and he was in despair. la 
this state of mind he resolved to aban- 
don his scheme of traveUing aad at 
once turned his horse's head towards 
Plymouth." 

He was admitted at Andover in 1806 
as '^ a [^)«cial student ; that is,** says 
Dr. Wayland, " he was permitted to at^ 
tend the various courses of instruction 
in the seminary ; but, having made no 
profession of religion, he could not be 
received as a member ia full standing. 
As he entered at onoe upon the studios 
of the second year, he must already 
have made considerable proficienqr ia 
the languages of the Old and Near 
Testaments. 

*' At this period he had no hope of 
pardon through Chriit. He had be- 
come thoroughly dissatisfied with 4ite 
views of life which he had formeriy 
cherished. Aware of his personal sia- 
fulness, and conscious that he aseded 
some great moral transformation, ha 
yet doubted the authenticity of revealed 
religion, aad clung to the dfiistifisl sea- 
timeats which he had lately imbibed. 
His miad did not readily yiald to tho 
£oroe of evidence. This is by no meaaa 
an aaoommoB case ; aor is it at all 



JUDSOSrS PBBPASATIOH FOR AHSSIOKABY LABOUR. 



63 



diiBeiiit €f explanatioiL A deeplj- 
Mated difllike to the hnmblmg doctrinet 
of tlie erotB frequentij aBsumeB the 
farm of hiftbilitj to appl j the oomnoB 
pmdpLm of evidoiee to the case of 
liiwkd religion. Men of nnoBual 
ilnBgth of will, and a somewhat too 
eonfideot rdiaiMe on the dedaions of 
diar indiTidoal intelleet, are peonliarl j 
Mk to fidl into this error. 

"Mx, JadMn'i moral nature was, 
however, thoroni^lj aroosed, and he 
WIS dee]^ in earnest on the sahject 
of raligioii. The profetsors of the the- 
okpeal seminary enoooraged his resi- 
tooa at the institntion, wisely judging 
ilttt so diligent an inquirer must soon 
wrnn at the truth. The result justified 
their antioipations. In the cahn retire- 
Bcnt of AndoTer, gu^ed in his studies 
bf men the praise of whose learning 
md piety is in all the churches, with 
notidng to distract his attention from 
the great concerns of eternity, light 
gndually dawned upon hn mind, and 
be was enabled to surrender his whole 
wal to Christ as his atoning Saviour. 
Tikis event occurred in November, about 
lix weeks after his removal to Andover. 
Oa the 2nd of December, 1B08, as he 
has recorded, he made a solemn dedica- 
of himself to God. On the 28th of 
May, 1809, he made a public profession 
of religion, and joined the third congre- 
gitional Church in Plymouth, of which 
bis fiither was then pastor. 

''The change in Mr. Judson*s reli- 
gious character was not attended by 
those external indications of moral 
excitement whidi are frequently ob- 
HTved. The ref(»rmation wrought in 
1dm was, however, deep and radical. 
With unusual simplicity of purpose, he 
yidded himself up once and for ever to 
the will of God, and, without a shadow 
of misgiving, relied upon Christ as his 
lU-sufficient Saviour. From the mo- 
ment of his conversion, he seems never, 
throogh lile^ to bBve been hantmed hy I 



a doubt of his acceptance with God. 
The new creation was so manifest to 
his consdousness, that, in the most 
decided form, he had the witness in 
himself. His plans of life were, of 
course, entirely reversed. He banished 
for ever those dreams of literary and 
political ambition in which he had 
formerly indulged, and simply asked 
himself. How shall I so order my future 
being as best lo please Godt The 
portions of his correspondence which 
belong to this period indicate an earnest 
striving after personal holiness, and an 
enthusiastic consecration of every en- 
dowment to the service of Christ. 

" In September of the same year he 
read, for the first time^ Buchanan*s 
< Star in the East.' It was this that 
led him to reflect upon tho personal 
duty of devoting his life to the cause 
of missions. The subject occupied his 
prayerful attention until February, 
1810, when he finally resolved, in obe- 
dience to what he believed to be the 
command of God, to become a mission- 
ary to the heathen." 

When he first brought this subject 
before the friends of misRions of his 
own denomination in America it was 
thou^t desirable that he should pro- 
ceed to England to confer with the 
conductors of the London Missionary 
Society on the practicability and de- 
sirableness of uniting their efibrts. He 
embarked in a vessel in which two 
Spanish merchants were his only fellow 
passengers, and which was speedily 
taken by a French privateer. " When 
they were captured by Llnvincible 
Napoleon, these two gentlemen, being 
able to speak French, and most likely 
to furnish a bribe, were treated very 
civilly. Mr. Judson, however, was very 
young, with nothing distinctive in his 
outward appearance, and was, more- 
over, speechless, friendless, and com- 
paratively moneyless. He was, withou.t 
question or remonBtrasiee, \intnii^\s!LV^>f 



84 



JUBSOK'S PREPARATION FOR MISSIONART LABOUR. 



placed in the hold with the common 
sailors. This was the first hardship he 
had erer known, and it affected him 
accordingly. He shrank from the asso- 
ciations of the place, and the confined 
air seemed unendurahle. Soon the 
weather roughened, and he, together 
with several of his more hardy com- 
panions, became excessively sea-sick. 
The doctor visited him every day, bat 
he could not communicate with him, 
and the visit was nearly useless. Sick, 
sorrowful, and discouraged, his thoughts 
went back to his dear old Plymouth 
home, then to Bradford, and finally the 
Boston church — ' the biggest church in 
Boston ;* and he became alarmed at the 
strange feeling that crept over him. It 
was the first moment of misgiving he 
had known. As soon as he became 
aware of the feeling, he commenced 
praying against it, as a temptation of 
the adversary. It seemed to him that 
God had permitted this capture, and all 
his trouble, as a trial of his faith ; 
and he resolved, in the strength of 
Gk)d, to bear it, as he might be called 
upon to bear similar trials hereafter. 
As soon as he had come to this resolu- 
tion, he fumbled about in the grey 
twilight of his prison till he succeeded 
in finding his Hebrew bible. The light 
was very faint, but still he managed to 
see for a few moments at a time, and 
amused himself with translating men- 
tally from the Hebrew to the Latin,-^-a 
work which employed his thoughts, and 
saved his eyes. One day the doctor, 
observing the bible on the pillow, took 
it up, stepped towards the gangway, 
and examined it ; then returned, and 
addressed his patient in Latin. Through 
the medium of this language Mr. Jud- 
son managed to explain who he was ; 
and he was consequently admitted to a 
berth in the upper cabin, and a seat with 
his fellow passengers, the Spaniards, at 
the captain*s table. 
"HiB Beoond day on deck was a some- 



what exciting one. A sail was reported 
from the mast-head; and while the 
stranger was yet a mere speck to the 
naked eye, many glasses were levdled 
curiously at her, and a general ^seting 
of anxiety seemed to prevail among 
the officers. Of course, Mr. Jadsoa 
was all excitement; for, although he 
was now in comfortable drcumstanoes, 
he dreaded the effect of this detention 
on his mission to England. Finally,' the 
stranger loomed up against the sky, a 
beautiful brig under a full press of can- 
vass. As they watched her, some 
anxiously and some admiringly, sad- 
denly her fine proportions became 
blended in a dark mass ; and it was 
evident to the most inexperienced 
landsman that she had changed her 
course. The two Spaniards inter- 
changed significant glances. BIr. Jad- 
son felt very much like shouting for 
joy, but he suppressed the inclination ; 
and the next moment the order came 
for the decks to be cleared, and he, 
with his companions, *was sent below. 
The Spaniards informed him that they 
were pursued by a vessel much larger 
than their own ; that the privateer had 
little to hope in an engagement, but 
she was the swifter sailer of the two, 
and the approaching darkness was in 
her favour. Mr. Judson passed a sleep- 
less night, listening each moment for 
unusual sounds ; but the next morning, 
when he carefully swept the horiaon 
with the captain's glass, not a mote was 
visible. 

''The privateer touched at Le Pas- 
sage, in Spain, and there permitted the 
two Spaniards to go on shore. From 
thence the prisoners were conveyed to 
Bayonne, in France; and Mr. Jadscm 
again, to his surprise and indignation, 
found himself marched through the 
streets in company with the crew of 
the Packet. He had as yet acquired 
only a few words of Fr^ich, and of 
I these he made as much use as possible. 



JUDSON'S PREPARATION FOR MISSIONARY LABOUR. 



85 



to tbe infinite amusement of the passers 
hj. Finallj, it occurred to him that 
he was much more likelj to meet some 
person, either a natire or a foreigner, 
who nnderstood English, than to make 
his broken French intelligible. Accord- 
inglj he commenced declaiming in the 
most violent manner possible against 
oppresmon in general, and this one act 
in particular. The guards threatened 
him by gestures, but did not proceed to 
violence; and of the passers bj, some 
regarded him a moment carelessly, 
othen showed a little interest or curi- 
oaty, while many laughed outright at 
bis seemingly senseless clamours. Fi- 
BtUy, a stranger accosted him in Eng- 
fiih, adirising him to lower his voice. 
'With the greatest pleasure possible,' 
he answered, 'if I have at last sue- 
eeeded in making mjrself heard. I was 
only clamouring for a listener.' ' Tou 
might have got one you would have 
been glad to dismiss, if you had con- 
tinued much longer,' was the reply. ! 
In a few hurried words Judson ex- 
plained his situation, and, in words as 
few, learned that the gentleman was an 
American from Philadelphia, and re- 
ceived his promise of assistance. ' But 
you had better go on your way quietly ! 
BOW,* added his new friend. ' Oh, 1 1 

I 

will be a perfect lamb, since I have 
giined my object.' 

"The prison was a gloomy looking, 
■assire structure, and the apartment 
into which they were conveyed was 
tmder ground, dark and dismal. In 
the centre was a sort of column, on 
which burned a solitary lamp, though 
wiUiout it was still broad day. Around 
tbe walls a quantity of straw had been 
ipread, on which his companions soon 
made themselves at home ; but Mr. 
Judson could not divest himself of the 
idea that the straw was probably not j 
fresh, and busied his imagination with j 
images of those who had last occupied ! 
it. The weather had seemed almost l 
roL. xni. — pouttTn series. 



oppressively hot above ground ; but 
now he shivered with the chilling 
dampness of the place, while tho con- 
fined air and mouldy smell rendered 
him sick and giddy. He paced up and 
down the cell, he could not tell how 
long, but it seemed many hours, won- 
dering if his new friend would really 
come ; and again, if he did not, whether 
he could keep upon his feet all night ; 
and in case of failure, which part of 
the straw he should select as the least 
loathsome. And then his thoughts 
would wander off again to Plymouth, 
and to Bradford, and to the 'biggest 
church in Boston,' but not with the 
feeling that he had before. On the 
contrary, he wondered that he ever 
could have been discouraged. He knew 
that at most his imprisonment could 
not last long. If he only had a chair, 
or the meanest stool, that was all he 
would ask. But he could not hope to 
walk or stand long. 

"While leaning against the column 
for a moment's rest, the door of the 
cell opened, and he instantly rccognizod 
the American ho had seen in the street. 
He suppressed a cry of joy, and see- 
ing that the stranger did not look at 
him, though he stood close hy the lamp, 
tried hintself to afiect indiiferonce. 
The American, making some remark in 
French, took up the lamp, and then 
adding (or perhaps translating), in 
English, * Let me see if I know any of 
these poor fellows,' passed around the 
room, examining them carelessly. * No ; 
no friend of mine,* said he, replacing 
the lamp, and swinging his great mili- 
tary cloak around Mr. Judson, whose 
slight figure wjis almost lost in its 
ample folds. Comprehending tlie plan, 
Mr. Judson drew himself into as small 
a compass as possible, thinking that he 
would make the l)cst of the affair, 
though having little confidence in the 
clumsy artifice. Ilia prolcctoY, \.oo, 
seemed io have lu3 doubls, ^v>t, wa \v^ 



m 



JUDSON'S PREPARATION FOR MISSIONARY LABOUR. 



passed out, he slid some money into the 
gaoler's hand, and again, at the gate, 
made another disbursement, and as 
soon as they were outside, released his 
prot6g6, with the expressive words, 
* Now run !' Mr. Judson quite forgot 
his fatigue from walking in the cell, as 
he fleetly followed his taU conductor 
through the streets to the wharf, where 
he was placed on board an American 
merchantman for the night. The next 
evening his friend returned, informing 
him that his place of refuge had been 
only temporarily chosen, and ^ the 
papers necessary to hi« releasQ could 
not be procured immediately, he would 
be much safer in the attic of a ship- 
builder, who had kindly offered this 
place of concealment. Accordingly he 
removed to the attic, from which, after 
a fow^days, he was released on parole. 

'* Mr. Judson passed about six weeks 
in Bayonne, boarding with an American 
lady who had spent most of her life in 
France. He told his landlady that he 
was a clergyman, and frequently held 
long religious conversations with her ; 
but he did not permit his character to 
be known generally in the house, as he 
thought it would interfere with a plan 
he had of learning as much as possible 
of the real state of French society. 
He attended various places of amuse- 
ment with his fellow boarders, pleading 
his ignorance of the language and 
customs of the country as an excuse 
for acting the spectator merely ; and in 
general giving such evasive replies as 
enabled him to act his part without 
attracting undue attention. It was not 
long, however, before his companions 
became pretty well aware that indiffer- 
ence formed no part of his real charac- 
ter. His shrewdness was at variance 
with his implied ignorance of the world, 
and Ilia simplicity sometimes wore a 
solemn impressiveness, from the influ- 
ence of which it was impossible to 
escape. The last place of amusement 



he visited was a masked ball ; and here 
his strong feelings quite overcame his 
caution, and he burst forth in his real 
character. He declared to his some- 
what startled companions that he did 
not believe the infernal regions could 
furnish more complete specimens ol 
depravity than he there beheld. He 
spoke in English, and at first ad- 
dressed himself to the two or three 
standing near him, who understood the 
language ; but his earnestness of man- 
ner and warmth of expression soon 
drew around him it large circle, whc 
I listened curiously and with app&reinl 
respect. lie spoke scornfully of th< 
proud professions of the (so-called] 
philosophy of the age, and pointed U 
the fearful exhibitions of that moment 
as illustrative of its effectiveness. H( 
rapidly enumerated many of the evili 
which infidelity had brought upoi 
France and upon the world, and thei 
showed the only way of escape fron 
those evils — the despised, but trulj 
ennobling religion of Jesus Chrisi 
Finally, he sketched the character o 
man as it might Imvc been in it 
original purity and nobleness, and thei 
the wreck of soul and body to b 
ascribed to sin, and wound up all by i 
personal appeal to such as had no 
become too debased to think and feel 
He had warmed as he proceeded wit! 
his subject, noting with pain and sux 
prise the great number of those wh 
seemed to understand the English las 
guage, and drawing from^it an inferenc 
by no moans favourable to his travelle 
countrymen. Most of the maskers evi 
dently regarded the exhibition as pai 
of the evening's entertainment ; hv 
those who understood his remarli 
seemed confounded by the boldnesi 
and perhaps unexpectedness, of th 
attack, and when he had finished, stoo 
aside, and allowed him to pass from th 
place without a word. This inciden 
I have been told, was reported by som 



REMINISCENCES OF JAMAICA. 



87 



person present on the occasioti, and 
pablished in a Boston newspaper. 

^Mr. Judson, I do not recollect bj 
what means, was introduced to some of 
tho officers of Napoleon's suite, and 
tnyelled through [the country in one of 
the emperor's carriages. At Paris, he 
gpent most of his time in the society of 
these officers, and persons whom thej 
introduced, and in general pursued the 
same course as at Bajonne. In view 
of the opportunity thus afforded for 
obseryation, and the store of practical 
knowledge really gathered, he always 
r^rded his detention in France as a 
Tery important and, indeed, necessary 
part of his preparation for the duties 
which afterwards devolved upon him. 

"In England he was receiTed in a 
manner peculiarly flattering, and I 
think his appearance there must have 
created a very favourable impression. 
He was at this time small and exceed- 
mgly delicate in figure, with a round 
rosy face, which gave him the appear- 
ance of extreme youthfulness. His 
hair and eyes were of a dark shade of 



brown, in his French passport described 
as * chestnut.' His voice, however, was 
far from what would be expected of 
such a person, and usually took the 
listeners by surprise. An instance of 
this occurred in London. He sat in 
the pulpit with a clergyman somewhat 
distinguished for his eccentricity, and 
at the close of the sermon was re- 
quested to read a hymn. When he had 
finished, the clergyman arose, and in- 
troduced his young brother to the con- 
gregation as a person who purposed 
devoting himself to the conversion of 
the heathen, adding, ^ And if his faith 
is proportioned to his voice, he will 
drive the devil firom all India.* '* 

On his return to America, the project 
for a union in the mission was aban- 
doned ; Judson with some others were 
accepted as agents of the '^American 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions," 
and with his newly-married wife, after- 
wards well known as Mrs. Ann Hasel- 
tine Judson, he embarked for Calcutta 
in February, 1812. 



REMINISCENCES OF JAMAICA. 



BT THE REV. JOHN MAY. 



U\e of the western watc, belotcd soil, 

R&liow'd by years of team, and prayers, and toil ! 

With rerdant monn tains, and with vales of green. 

And rifled rocks, and streams that msb between : 

Utid of the sanny iky and swarthy brow, 

Itt mirror'd retrospect I see thee now. 

Thy pabn-trccft bend with dreamy cadence still, 

And gracefol bamboos crown the distant bill. 

! I hare loved thee ; and still fondly stayA 

The pictured memory of bygone days : — 

The cane-field stirri*d beneath the frcsh'ning gale ; 

The buy miil-yard in the sheltered dale ; 

The balmy mom ; the witching evening moon ; 

The forect rambla with the shrewd Maroon ; 

The rocky path lit up with toroh-wood glare, 

To guide the peasant at tho how of prayer ; 

Tb«: ttbbath calm ; the group beneath the tree ; 

Tbe message glad ; the vocal minstrelsy ; 

The rite baptismal ; tbe devoted band 

In meekest guise upon the warewashed 8tr:ind : 

(nreet reminiscences ! a passing view 

I tain wooJd emteJ^ ofnlttloredoffon. 



Who that has trod thy mountain!! wild and free, 
With (Jilead'8 Balm for human misery ; 
Or by thy streams, or on thy burning plains 
Heard new-bom liberty's impassioned strains, 
At cool of cvo, or sultry noon, or mom, 
i By zephyr soft, or rising breeze upborne, 
• C<nikl o'er forget what oft hatl wont to raise 
lle-ponsivo echoes to the hymn of praise? " 

But other memories — a mournful train- 
Wake the deep sigh, and tune the saddened strain. 
Where are the f/'icr-— where the bravo of yoro, 
Who broke each feiur, and hound up each i<uro ; 

; Who, when tho white man scourged a bleeding laud, 
Ilose up and wrenched it from tho tyrant's hand •' 
And gentle spirits, sweet as heaven's own ray, 

' With woman'H deep devotions— where are they ? 
Oh ! I have seen the heart's warm life-j^pringF cliill ; 
The tongue of eloquence grow cold and still : 
Year after year pome mission member gone, 
And jTiiiwion graves iwcrewVufe one \>>|* o^^<^ -. 
Thtin have I hecn, and these, \t\ v^w\w^\iv. 



88 



POETRY. 



To tUenoe itUled the bMuri'i gUd melody. 
But Merej'B pillar ceaaed not to abide 
A cload bj daj, a light at erentide. 

Jamaica ! dark and wintry daji have pas&'d 
Since I beheld thj hills and ralleys last ; 
Since the sad hoar I bade thy shore* adiea 
Deep are the waters I have waded through. 
Oft by my conch hath sorrow breathed her prayer, 
And pain hath kept long weary rigils there. 
Yet billows may be pathways to repose. 
And earthly gloom may heavenly light disclose ! 
O blessed apring of pore perennial Joy ! 



O hope that nothing earthly can destroy ! 

As summer skies when thunder peala are o'er. 

Or southern seas by tempeets tossed no more. 

So hush the storms of sul>lunary ill 

If Jesus' voice but whisper " Peace, be still !" 

Land of the free ! I never more may view 
Thy sylvan shades, and skies of glorioos blue ; 
No ; never more thy sable sons behold 
Till time the mystic spirit-land unfold : 
But memory's page a faithful scroll shall be. 
And prayer shall rise in incense sweet for thee. 



THE SYMPATHY OF JESUS. 

** We have not a High Prieit which cannot be touched with the fiseling of our infirmities ; \ 
wa« in all points tempted like as we tre, yet without sin." — Hebrews iv. 15. 



jKst-s, Saviour ! Thou dost know 
A U the depth of human woe ! 
Thou hast shed the bitter tear. 
Thou hast felt the withering fear. 

Not a throb but Thou canst feel, 
Not a pain but Thou canst heal ; 
Not a pulse of mortal grief. 
But thou know'et to bring relief. 

Thou canst soothe the agony 
Which no eye but Thine may see ; 
Thou canst quell the pangs that tear 
Even tho bosom of despair. 

Thou canst calm the aching head. 
Mourning o'er bright moments fled, 
With a resting place divine 
On that pitying breast of Thine. 

Thou canst shed a ray of love. 
Full of comfort from above. 
On the soul when human might 
Fails to kindle warmth or light. 

Gently from the bleeding heait 
Thou eanst draw the poisoned dart ; 
And the wound's deep anguibh calm. 
Pouring in thy heavenly balm. 

Saviour I well Thou knovr'st to trace 
Every Ibie on Sorrow's face, 



From 



For when Thou wast dwelling here 
Her dark form was ever near. 

And our griefs when laid on Thee, 
Pressed Thy spirit heavily ; 
So thou well dost know how great 
Is the burden of their weight. 

And the iron of our sin 
To Thy heart hath entered in ; 
All its festering anguish keen. 
Holy Saviour, Thine hath been ! 

Not in vain Thou cam'st to dwell 
From heaven far and near to hell ; 
Not in vain were east away 
Crown and sceptre, for our clay ; 

*Thou our Brother art, and we 
With. our sorrows come to Thee ; 
Thou wilt not, for us who died, 
From our misery turn aside. 

Jesus, save ! the floods are nigh ! 
To thine open arms we fly ; 
Sure the waters will not dare 
Overwhelm our spirit there ! 

No I the raging waves subside, — 
Thou hast checked the rising tide ; 
All our woes obey thy will. 
While Thou whisperest, " Peace, be Etill !" 
Thouffhts and Skdches in Verge hy Catvlitu Dent.'* 



ONWARD. 



Pasa quickly by the blooming rose, 

And passing by, inhale 
The kindly fragrance which it throws 

Upon the breathing gale. 

But do not stoop to pluck the flower. 
For thorns are hiding there ; 

Thy bleeding hand may rue the hour 
It piacked the blossom fiijr. 



Look on the green and shadowy dell. 
Where trees embowering meet ;' 

Deem if thou wilt that peace may dwell 
Within the calm retreat. 

But turn not from thy rugged way. 
Let the shade but charm thine eye : 

For "mid the verdure serpents stray— 
Who wanders there may die. 



POETRY. 



89 



Ind dost thou nrarmiir tluit the thorn 

BeiMftth the rose-bud hides ? 
That where soft dreams of peace are bom 

The aeri>ent*ii atlng abides ? 

The fragrance of the rose was lent 
Thine heayenwmrd path to cheer ; 

The thorn, to make thee more intent 
On the thomless amaranth there ; 



The greenness of the shade, to give 

A type of heayen's repose ; 
The sting, to bid thee rise and lire 

Where bliss no renom knows. 

Thon bless the hand that *mid earth's Jo^s, 
Rartb's bitter griefs doth poor ; 

And press where pain no more allojs, 
And sorrow dwells no moro. 



Fro.,t ** Tfiou4jhtt and Skdcha in Vtrtt by Caroline Vtnf,' 



THE PILGRIM'S GUIDE. 



W« pilgrims eiseh u desert roam. 
While Joumejing onwards to our home, 
And many a danger here we meet. 
Bat Jesus guides our stumbling feet 
lie trod this wilderness, and knows 
Oar trials, dangers— all our foes. 
None are too joung or weak to share 
The gracious SaTiour*s tender care ; 



For Jesus lores to succour those 
Who wholly on His power repose. 
The roaring lion cannot barm 
The man who leuis on Jesus' arm ; 
His word's a lamp more bright than daj. 
To guide us on our hesTenward way : 
Help to the weak He'll gladly glye. 
If we will only ask— and live. 

From *' Lmiita Von PUUenhaui.' 



NIGHT. 



I'M weary, and I Cain would rest 
Upon my loving Sarionr's breast. 
And feel His watchful, tender care 
While now for slumber I prepare. 

Ob ! pardon, gracious Lord, I pray, 
The ains I've harboured all this day ; 
For Jesu's blood can make like snow 
The heart that's deepest dyed, I know. 



Oh ! do thou not alone extend 
Thy wing o'er each I call my friend. 
But o'er each being, great and small. 
Watcher of Israel, guard them all ! 

To those who're grieved in heart and weak. 
Thy words of comfort softly speak ; 
And may the moon her silver light 
Shed on a tearless world this night. 

From "Louisa Von PUiUnkaM." 



SONNETS, 

SrOOEBTEB BT THE MEMOIR OF THE REV. JOHN THOMAS, MISSIONARY, 

IV THE BAPTIST MaJ^AZINE. 



Tsor, foremost of the /tmall, heroic band, 
Who, coDuting all their earthly good for nought, 
And ffll'd with heaven-inspired ambition, sought 
A f^ld for conflict in thst orient land ; 
Wliere hosts of darkness yet embattled stand ; 
Tbou, Thomas, didst not shrink from toil or strife ; 
Bst patient, watchful, zealous, gayest thy life 
To God and truth. Gifted with heart, and hand. 
To will, and do high deeds ; to smite the foe. 
Or doubly heal the suffering. Yet thy name. 
Haply by faults, dimming its lustrous Ikme, 
Hath gathered its fiair honours all too slow. 
What heed ? — no pen has writ thy partial blame, 
Bnt graves thj llfiB in line* of radiant glow. 
MarpmU^ Jammary, 18S4. 



Thine was the vigil of a long, dark night. 
As hope sustained thy spirit ; while no ray 
To cheer, and bless, broke on the gloomy way. 
Bat see ; — the dawn comes, and its beamings brigh 
To ponr their splendour on thy mortal sight. 
That vision fails, entranced. Sublime display ! 
And type of that approaching, cloudless day. 
When the swarth nations sitting in its light. 
Shall view their ancient systems pale and fade 
Like mists before its glory— temples shako — 
Foul rites of cruelty no longer slake 
Their fires in life-blood— superstition made 
To tremble at its own strange, hideous shade — 
A\\^ realms now dtseri, beauty's Uoom vvt^»^>L«. 



90 



REYIEWS. 



Theological EsMOift, hff Fbidsrick Denison 
Mauricb, M,A., ChapMn of Lincoln's 
Inn, Second Edition. WUh a new Pre- 
face and other Addittom. Cambridge : 
Macmillan and Co. 1853. Foolscap 8?o. 
Pp. xxxij., 487. Price 10». 6d. 

Mr. Mafrice was already well known 
as an interesting preacher, an influential 
vrriter, and an admired university 
lecturer, when his expulsion from two 
professorships in King's College, London, 
on a oomplaint against his orthodoxy 
laid by Dr. Jelf, the principal, and by a 
solemn act of the council of that dis- 
tinguished body, at once created a 
sensation in the public mind, and raised 
Mr. Maurice himself to a higher degree 
of celebrity than he had previously 
enjoyed. What has he said ? is now a 
question in many mouths, and the book 
in which he has said it ii of course in a 
second edition. We have thought it 
right accordingly, in order to satisfy a 
curiosity which may, to a certain extent, 
be diffused among our readers, to set 
our opinion of the oMe and of the book 
before them. 

Of the case itself we'shall not find it 
needful to say much. It turns, not 
upon the question of Mr. Maurice's 
general orthodoxy, but exclusively on 
his view of the eternity of future punish- 
ment, as developed in the concluding 
essay. Making what appears to us a 
futile endeavour to detach the idea of 
duration from the word eternal, he 
flings himself on the following generality : 
"I am obliged to believe— that there is 
an abyss of love which is deeper than 
the abyss of death. I dare not lose 
faith in that love. I must feel that 
this love is compassing the universe. 
More about it I cannot know. But God 
knows. I leave myself and all to him." 
p. 476, Such 18 the avowal, we cannot 



say of universalist belief but of imiver' 
salist leaning, to which the attention 
of Dr. Jeli^ as principal of Eing^s Odl^ge, 
was drawn by one '' in high authority " 
there, and on which, after a somewhat 
extended correspondence, the expulsion 
of Mr. Maurice from his professorships 
has been pronounced. We do not see 
how any question can be raised oon- 
ceming the propriety of the part wiiidi 
the principal and the conndl have 
acted in the matter. The professors ai 
King's College, as at any similar inalita* 
tion, are engaged to teach certain kao^m 
sentiments, and if they deviate from 
the course prescribed, their dismissal 
seems to follow as a matter of course. 
The superior officers have but done their 
duty. 

Much mofe interesting to us, hew- 
ever, is the book itself, than the par^ 
ticular case of college disoii^ne to which 
it has given rise. In it we are led by a 
talented and accomplished divine, and a 
fascinating writer, through almost all 
the principal topics of theology, which 
are discussed with a freshness of thought 
and an earnestness of tone quite ex- 
hilarating. In the first instance oar 
expectations are raised to a high pitch, 
and we cannot but think that from such 
an application of mental power and 
culture some valuable illustration of 
dark or difficult points will be derived ; 
but this nascent expectation is doomed 
to speedy disappointment, and the ulti- 
mate impression produced by the volume 
is one of deep and painful regret. 

It is, we think, in the first place, an 
infelicity, that the book is throughout 
an avowed appeal to a particular section 
of the religious world, and not an in- 
dependent inquiry after truth. It is 
addressed expressly to Unitarians — in 
fulfilment, it appears^ of the dying wish 



MAUBICE'S THEOLOGICAL EBSAYa 



Ul 



of flome lady who seems to haye thought 
that Mr. Maurice had something espe- 
cially persuasive to say to them; and 
thus every topic comes to be discussed, 
not so much on its actual grounds, as 
in relation to the olgections which may 
be raised against it, and to those objec- 
tions in particular raised against it by 
Unitarians. For those readers who are 
not Unitarians this is certainly unfor- 
tonate, as we can say from experience ; 
and it can havo been scarcely less so, 
we think, for the writer, who must in 
the nature of things have been thus 
forced into an attitude of too great 
^tention to the objections he had to en- 
opnnter, and too little attention to the 
t^th he had to vindicate. His object^ 
h^iwever carefully he may have guarded 
himself, must have been, not so much to 
ivqwnt the gospel as it is, as to make 
th^ gospel acceptable to Unitarians. 

Out of this infelicitous attitude of the 
autbor seems to us to have arisen what 
we deem a very objectionable manner 
of executing his task. In order to 
enable our readers to judge of this for 
themselves, we will Bct before them 
Mr. Maurice's recapitulation of his 
course at the commencement of his . 
uxteenth essay, an extract which, if 
rather long, will justify us by its illus- i 
trative value. i 

*• My first essay was on charUif ; this will . 
alio be on charity. I could not find that 
a charity which believed all things, hoped . 
all things, endured all things, had its root 
on this earth, or in the heart of any 
man who dwells on this earth. Yet it 
Beemed to me that such a charity was 
needed to make this earth what it ought i 
to be, and that human hearts have a , 
profound sense of its necessity for them, j 
an infinite craving to possess it, and be , 
filled with it. Something stood in the I 
way of the good which the earth sighs | 
for, and which man sighs for. A vision 
of <tH rose up before us confronting the 
vision of charii/; It was portentoue, j 



for it seemed part of the very creature 
who had the dream of a perfect good. 
But ho disclaimed it, he tried to account, 
for it by some accidents of his position, 
or by some essential error in his con- 
stitution ; at last he said, I have yielded 
to an oppressor ; an evil spirit has with- 
drawn mo from my true Lord. Then 
arose the question. Who is this true 
Lordi where is He to be found? 
ltighUoutne»s was felt to be even more 
closely interwined with the being of the 
man than evil ; for awhile he was dis- 
posed to claim it as his own ; suffering, 
and the sense of an infinite contradiction, 
did not deliver him from that belief. 
But some one there was who led him to 
cry for a Eedeeitier, to be sure that He 
lived, to be sure that righteousness was 
in Him, and therefore was man*B. 

" Was this Redeemer, so near to man, 
so inseparable from man, of earthly race ? 
The vision of a tSon of God rose upon 
us ; a thousand different traditions 
pointed to it ; it took the most various 
forms; but the heart of man said, 
' There must bo ono in whom all theae 
meet ; there must be ono who did not 
rise from manhood into Godhead, but 
who can exhibit the perfection of man- 
hood, because he has the perfection of 
Qodhead.* Is the perfection of man- 
hood then compatible with the infirmi- 
ties and corruptions of which men have 
become heirs ? The mythologies of the 
world said, ^ It must l)e so, we need 
incaniatiom ; our deliverers must share 
our fiesh, our sorrows ;' yes ! they could 
not stop there — ^ our sins.' The philo- 
sophers said, ^ It cannot be so ; the 
divine nature must be free from the 
contact of that which debases us, of 
that from which we ourselves need 
emancipation.' They could show how 
men, forming the gods after their own 
images, had glorified and deified what 
was most immoral and base. The 
scripture spoke to us of the Son of God 
taking the fieaU of nvaT^, enteim^ mVo 



02 



MAURICE'S THEOLOGICAL BSSATa 




all the infinnities of man, bearing the 
Bins of man, so showing forth the purity, 
compassion, love, of His Father. 

'^ But the sense in men of a separa- 
tion from the God to whom they were 
meant to be united, had, we found, pro- 
duced innumerable schemes for bring- 
ing about a reconciliation. The scrip- 
tures told us of an atonementj originating 
with God ; made with men in His Son ; 
who entirely trusted and entirely obeyed 
His Father ; who willingly entered into 
the death of man ; who made the per- 
fect sacrifice which took away sin; 
whose death was the satisfaction to the 
divine love of the Father ; the expres- 
sion of that wrath against evil which is 
a part of love ; the satisfaction of man's 
yearnings for reconciliation with God. 
Yet decUky the grave, the abyn heyondy are 
the dark contradictions for human 
beings; He could not be a perfect 
deliverer who had not entered into 
them, or who remained [under their 
power. The idea'of a bodily resurrection, 
we found, had been accepted by men, 
not as a fact to be attested by a great 
amount of evidence, but as the inevit- 
able issue of the previous revelation. 
If there is a Son of God, a Lord of man. 
He must rise. What did such a resur- 
rection imply? The scripture speaks 
f it as implying 9^ justification of gentile 
s well as of Jew ; that is, of every man 
o might therefore believe in Christ 
nd acquire His righteousness. We 
saw how Christians had evaded this 
declaration, and the evidence of it which 
their baptism offered, limiting the bless- 
ing by certain rules and measures of 
theirs, even using the witness of it as 
an excuse for doubt, and for new efforts 
of their own to make themselves 
righteous ; then, at last, discovering 
that faith in God's justification is the 
only condition of doing any good acts. 
But this faith of each individual man, 
that God had justified him by the re- 
Burrection of Christ, and was inviting 



{Snd 



him to habitual trust, implied something 
more. We discovered in the belief of 
Christians the acknowledgment of a 
regeneration, effected not for individual 
men merely, but for human society in 
the true Lord and Head of it. 

" This belief, however feebly and im- 
perfectly held by the church, had never- 
theless vindicated itself by the experience 
of history, and enabled us to reconcile 
the doctrines of eminent moralists 
respecting the constitution of man, with 
the fullest admission of actual departures 
from it. For, if the resurrection of 
Christ declared that men, in spite of all 
that seemed to put them at a distance 
from God, were recognised by him as 
his children on earth, the ascension of 
Christ in their nature proclaimed that 
they did not belong to earth ; that they 
were spiritual beings, capable of holding 
converse with Him who is a spirit ; able 
to do so, because that Son who had 
taken their flesh, and had offered it up 
to God, and had glorified it, had said 
that His body and blood should be their 
food and nourishment This belief of 
the ascension as the great triumph for 
man, was greatly shaken by a prevalent 
notion that Christ, being absent now 
and not exercising the functions of 
royalty or judgment, vrill assume them 
at some distant ^day ; and be subject 
again to earthly limitations. It was 
therefore needful to show, that the 
judgment spoken of in the bible and the 
creed, implied the continual presence of 
Christ, the daily exposure of men and 
nations to His cognisance and censure, 
the assurance that He will be mani- 
fested, not in some humbler condition, 
but as He is, to the consciences and 
eyes of men ; for the putting down of 
all evil, and the establishment of 
righteousness. But though the minds 
of men had always felt that they must 
look upwards to some Ruler above them, 
they had equally confessed the presence 
of an inspirer vrlthin them. The Chris- 



MAURICE'S THEOLOGICAL ESSAYS. 



93 



tun Tevdation, we found, corresponded 
II mnch to these anticipations, as to 
9LJ which we had considered before. 
It explained to us whence all inspira- 
tiotu had proceeded, who was the author 
of them, how they are to be received, 
how they may be abused. The full 
Tevelation, with that which was the 
preparation for it, had been recorded to 
uin abook which had been the treasure 
of the church, the witness of the eman- 
dpation of mankind, the assurance of a 
Comforter who should come to the ages 
foQowing Christ's ascension, in a way 
He had not come to those which pre- 
ceded it. I inquired whether events 
have justified this assurance. I en- 
deavoured to show that there had been 
nch a sense of sin, of righteousness, 
md of judgment in the later periods of 
the world^s history, as cannot be traced 
in the earlier, and as could only have 
proceeded from the teaching of a 
Persotiy such as our Lord describes to 
u. But finally, we were told this 
person would not only convince a world, 
but be the establisher of a one hdy 
auholic church. The difficulty of ac- 
cepting this statement was very great. 
A certain body had claimed to be the 
one catholic church, a number of bodies 
had claimed to be churches ; they had 
denounced each other ; there had been 
that in all which contradicted the idea 
the scripture sets forth of holiness, 
unity, universality. But this contra- 
diction showed that the scripture had 
revealed the true law of human society ; 
for that one body and these different 
bodies had not become partial, tyran- 
nical, godless by maintaining too strongly 
that earth and heaven had been recon- 
ciled, and that the Spirit had come 
down from the Father and the Son to 
establish that reconciliation; but by 
acting as if heaven and earth were still 
separated, as if we had still to eficct for 
ourselves that which the scripture de- 
dares that God hae effected, ae if there I 

roi* XTtL^ FOURTB 0IRtES. 



were no Spirit to unite us with the 
Father and the Son, and with each 
other. To this cause,— no other was 
adequate, — we could trace the want of 
holiness, catholicity, unity in the church. 
This unbelief being removed, all that 
man has dreamed of, all that God has 
promised, must be accomplished. 

''I have not, then, to enter upon a 
hew subject in this Essay. I am not 
speaking for the first time, of the 
trinity in unity. I have been speaking 
of it throughout. Each consciousness 
that we have discovered in man, each 
fact of revelation that has answered to 
it, has been a step in the discovery and 
demonstration of this truth.** Pp. 410. 

We can assure our readers that in 
this recapitulation Mr. Maurice has 
done himself no injustice. Such is 
really the course through which his 
readers have been led. And it is to us 
to the last degree unsatisfactory. 

In the first place, we object to the 
very principle on which it proceeds. 
It is an attempt, to a great extent, to 
construct a theological system out of 
various phases of human feeling, or (to 
use a phrase of the author's) ''out of 
the consciousnesses of men.*' Now we 
have no doubt at all that the gospel of 
the grace of God is adapted to the heart 
of man, in whatever form and to what- 
ever extent its cravings may be deve- 
loped, and that every consciousness of 
sin and misery, and more than every 
dim anticipation of mercy and help, if 
such there have been, will be met in it 
by apt and adequate responses ; but we 
cannot understand how these cravings 
are to be taken as proofs that the grace 
exists. ^ I feel that I want a Redeemer, 
therefore there is one." This is Mr. 
Maurice's argument, and we confess 
again that we do not see the force of it. 
On the one hand the forms of human 
consciousness ^vhich he lays at the basis 
oi it arc neither univeTE«l lioi >mlw\sv. 



M 



MAURICE'S THEOLOGICAL B88AT& 



It is fkr from all men who foe! as he 
desoribes; the larger part of mankind 
are without any feelings at all on the 
subject, and those who do feel feel very 
rariouslj ; so that even if a universal 
and united consciousness of mankind 
oould be accepted as proof, that is not 
forthcoming, the religious conscious- 
ness of man as now developed has 
neither universal character nor common 
direction. We cannot admit, however, 
that even such a universal and uniform 
consciousness could originate anything 
of the nature of proof. Such an argu- 
ment would assume that mankind have, 
nntaught, a just conception of their own 
moral condition and wants, an assump- 
tion not only wholly gratuitous, but 
contrary to all probability and evidence. 
It would assume also that, having a just 
conception of their evil condition, man- 
kind had likewise a discernment of, and a 
love for, its true remedy; an assumption 
quite as unsupported by evidence, and 
in all probability as wide of the truth, 
as the former. Mistakes, and those of 
the gravest kind in this case, are the 
more certain, because it is one, not of a 
primary, but a secondary want. It is 
not like saying, *^ Qod has made roe to 
be hungry, surely he has provided 
something for me to eat ;'* on the con- 
trary, we are in a state of evil in which 
Qod did not put us,*and in which we 
have so culpably placed ourselves that 
the most utter uncertainty must be 
held to exist, without information, 
whether any remedy at all may be 
possible or designed. 

And this leads us to observe further, 
that the consciousness of man with 
respect to his evil condition is set forth 
by Mr. Maurice in a manner palpably 
defectim and incomplete. Man has a 
sense of sin, he tells us, and of sin so 
attached to him as to seem like himself, 
but really to indicate the presence and 



also a tense of guilt as well as of sin, or 
of ill desert as well as of evil d<^ng, and 
this arising ih>m a consciousness that 
he is a voluntary evil doer rather than 
a constrained one ? Some men at least 
have such a consciousness, and this 
altogether alters the aspect of their case 
as to the probability of relief. If I be 
a virtuous moral agent struggling inef- 
fectually with the devil, such a con- 
sciousness may perhaps encourage me . 
to hope for a Redeemer as a counterpart 
from the kindness of an approving 
Father; but if I be wilfully evil, and 
love my iniquity, it may be at least 
doubtful whether I may not have in- 
curred to some grave extent even a 
Father's displeasure. Of all this, how- 
ever, Mr. Maurice says nothing. 

We are aware that we make the 
assertion, that Mr. Maurice's theology 
is to a great extent built upon con- 
sciousness, in the fJEtce of a strenuous 
contradiction of it on the part of Mr 
Maurice himself. At the commence- 
ment of the seventh essay, on the atone^ 
ment, he warmly denounces this prac- 
tice as insufficient and funjust, and 
declares how careful he has been to 
avoid it ; and yet he immediately gives 
the following account of his preceding 
steps. 

"In former essays I have tried to 
indicate the feelings and demands of a 
man who has been awakened to know 
sin in himself. He asks for deliverance 
fVom a plague, which seems part of his 
own existence. He asks that some 
power, which is crushing him and van- 
quishing him, and making free thought 
and action impossible, may be put down. 
He is in despair, because he is sure that 
he is at war, not merely with a Sove- 
reign Will, but with a perfectly good 
will He Is convinced that, in some 
way or other, he has a righteous cause, 
though he is so deeply and inwardly 



influence of an enemy, an evil spirit, evil. He thinks a righteous Being 
We Bik, however, whether man has not \ must be on hi% ^vde^ thou^ he has 



MAUaiCK^S THeOLOQICAl4 ESSAYa 



96 



grmtd Him, vid bem imrighteoui. 
He thinkg he has an Advocate, and 
that the mind of this Advocate oannot 
be oppoeed to the mind of the Lord of 
an, the Creator of the univeree, but 
amet be the oounterpart of it He 
thinka that the true Son of Qod must 
be hia Redeemer. He thinka He must 
itand at tome day on the earth, to 
aaert Hia Fatber*f righteous dominion 
over it» and to redeem it from its 
enemieti 

''Here are strange, conflicting, * oon- 
leiousneaaea,* all of which are actoallj 
found in human beings, all of whioh 
most be heeded, which will make them- 
telves manifest in strange wajs if thej 
are not." Pp. 127, 128. 

Thus fiur, then, it is plain that Mr. 

Maurice has been building up a theology 

fif oonseioasneas, such consciousness 

affording, if not the only, the principal 

proofs which he has been pleased to 

adduce on the topics he has discussed. 

low, indeed, it is his pleasure to stop. 

Kow that he approaches the doctrine of 

the atonement, and meets with some 

upeots of human consoiousnoss which 

tell of justice, perhaps excite fear of 

fengeanoe, he repudiates its evidence, 

because he says it contradicts the con- 

icienoe. We do not understand this 

refined distinction. It seems to us that 

Hr. Maurice is happy enough to take 

consciousness as a guide so far as he 

likes, only reserving to himself a liberty 

to break away from it at his pleasure. 

If his theological system is not in great 

part built up on consciousness, we can 

no foundation for it at all. 

On this subject, however, we have 
enough. Our object has been to 
point out the utterly worthless nature 
of human consciousness, as a basis for 
anj set of theological opinions. What 
is necessary for man is that Ood should 
speak to bira. No other voice can 
either expound to him the real nature 
of his wietchednfifi^ or sMBure him of 



the reality or possibility of a remedy 
Accordingly, Mr. Maurice makes some 
use of the scriptures ; but, alas ! what 
wretched use ! As a sample of his 
superficial and most unsatisfiactory ap- 
peals to the sacred volume, we may 
mention that, in the Essay on Justifica- 
tion by faith, he apparently cites a 
passage of scripture to prove that Jesus 
himself wss justified. The seeming 
text is this, ^ JU was put to death in the 
fleshf Me wu justified in the Spirit;'' 
and this language he ascribes to Paul, 
p. 200. Now tliere is no such passage 
in the bible at all. The former part of 
it is found in 1 Poter iiL 18, and the 
latter in 1 Timothy iiL 16, the two 
being arbitrarily put together, and the 
whole erroneously ascribed to a single 
vrriter. But what shall we say of Mr. 
Maurice^s taking the sense in which 
our Lord was justified to be the same as 
that in which sinners are said to be 
justified 1 And yet this is but a sample 
of the textual references made by him 
throughout the volume. For him, in 
truth, the greater part of the bible might 
as well have never been written at all. 
We might, indeed, say the whole bible, 
instead of the greater part ; for in his 
Essay on Inspiration everything that 
gives value to the bible is abandoned, 
According to him, inspiration is one and 
the same thing in the poems of Homer, 
in the prophecies of Isaiah, in tlic. 
Epistles of Paul, in the reveries of 
Swedenborg, and in the fanaticism of 
Joe Smith. 

We may now take some more par- 
ticular notice of the view given by Mr. 
Maurice of the doctrine of the Atone- 
ment, as a central evangelical truth, 
and as the principal topic in debate 
with Unitarians. To this doctrine he 
admits the objections usually urged by 
Unitarians— its cruelty, injustice, <kc. — 
as true, and he frankly abandons the 
expiatory character of the atonement 
08 usually held by oittv^oiL ^vsvsi^ V> 



96 



MAURICE'S THEOLOGICAL ESSAYS. 



the force of them. In what sense, then, 
it will natundlj be asked, does he hold 
atonement at all? In answer to this 
question we present to our readers 
another short extract. 

" Supposing all these principles ga- 
thered together ; supposing the Father's 
will to be a will.to all good ; — supposing 
the Son of Qod, being one with Him, 
and Lord of man, to obey and fulfil in 
our flesh that will bj entering into the 
lowest condition into which men had 
fidlen through their sin; — supposing 
this man to be, for this reason an object 
of continual complacencj to His Father, 
and that complacencj to be fullj drawn 
out bj the death of the cross ; — sup- 
posing His death to be a sacrifice, the 
only complete sacrifice ever offered, the 
entire surrender of the whole spirit and 
bodj to Gk>d : is not this, in the highest 
sense, atonement? Is not the true, 
sinless root of humanity revealed; is 
not Qod in Him reconciled to man?" 
P. 147. 

''Is not this in the highest sense 
atonement?" We answer, no, not in 
anj sense. Professedly to consult the 
scriptures, and, after making several 
quotations from them, to bring out such 
a spurious doctrine of Atonement as 
this ! This is indeed capitulation under 
the mask of conflict, the surrender of 
the fortress under the name of its 
defence. And after all, this representa- 
tion does not obviate the objection it is 
designed to avoid. For let the reader 
remark the question with which our 
extract concludes : " Is not God in Him 
reconciled to man?" In speaking of 
God being ''reconciled to man," Mr. 
Maurice adopts language which implies 
that, in consequence of sin, God is 
alienated from man, which is only an- 
other form of the obnoxious doctrine. 
Whether we say, after one method, that 
God is angry with men, and that an 
expiatory sacrifice is required to appease 
A£g wrath, or, a/ler another (Mr. 



Maurice's) method, that God is aUenated 
from man, and that an advocate ia re- 
quired to remove his estrangement, tht 
case is contemplated from the tamt 
point of view, and the two representa- 
tions differ only in severity ; the second 
is but a mitigated form of the first. 

And we would submit to Mr. Maorioe^ 
that the second of these representations 
is quite as incompatible with the pater- 
nal character as the first ; since it is no 
more conceivable that a perfect fiither 
should be alienated from his child, than 
that he should be more severely angry 
with him. The oversight committed by 
our author seems to us to be this, that 
in Gk>d he recognizes the father only^ 
totally ignoring the moral governor ; 
and in God as a fiither he recognises 
benevolence only, totally ignoring his 
holiness. Hence he has no ground on 
which either expiation or mediation 
can find a satis&ctory basis. 

To our minds, both the representa- 
tions we have been speaking of are as 
unscriptural as they are unsatisfieu^ry ; 
that is, we do not think the scriptures 
teach, either that Christ offered an 
expiatory sacrifice to appease God's wrath 
towards men, or that he became mediator 
to reconcile him to them. We maintaiA 
(with Mr. Maurice, only we hope mors 
consistently), that the sentiment of God 
towards mankinll has been always lov^ 
and that out of love have sprung the 
systems both of mediation and of atone- 
ment, as, indeed, is expressly declared 
in John iiL 16 ; and that any orthodox 
divines should ever have sanctioned a 
different representation is to us a matter 
of unfeigned regret. We cannot see 
our way, however, to Mr. Maurice's 
position that the divine aniimis towards 
man is ^^ absolute love," that is, love 
experiencing no practical modification 
from the holiness of the father on the 
one hand, and the righteousness of the 
magistrate on the other. Grant us 
these infiuencee — ^without which we 



DB. G&AKT AND THE HODNTAIN N£8T0fiIAKa 



»7 



mike no preteniioii whatever to affirm ' 
dther mediation or expiatory BaoriGce — 
■ad to OB the waj is clear for miuntain- 1 
ing both, not onlj bb in harmon; with 
dmne love, bnt as directlj emanating 

We oould find yerj mnch more in the 
Tidnma before ns on which to animad- 
nrt, but we must conclude by briefly 
latidng one additional leatore of it^ 
Bunely, the cloudy and obecure language 
is wbidi it is written. Whether Mr. 
Ihmioe cleatly nnderatands himself it 
ii not for OS to my, but it is certainly 
1 hud matter for any one else to under- 
itand him, TTj i^ leaning to uniTerBalism, 
ka example, is couched in the indistinct 
dadaiation, that be matt believe in 
'an abyM of love which is deeper than 
Sk abyM of death." Or nhat do our 
ntdera think of the following phrase, 
taeatiiiig at the oloee of our last extract 
— "!■ not the true, sinless root of 
btunanity revealed)" — that is, in Mr. 
Hanrice'a doctrine of the atonement. 
In what sense am the words be taken 
that Christ is " the root of humanity 1 " 
Or, aa we have it elsewhere, that man- 
kind were " created in Christ 1 " These 
tn but samplee, however, of the general 
mdiatinctneflg of our author's phrase- 
(4ogy, a pervading fiinlt by which the 
nine of his labours is very much 
leduced. 

We have thus given our readers a 
view of this volume which we think 
those wbo may take the trouble to read 
it will find correct ; we do not, however, 
diink it worth their trouble. Mr. 
Maurice is evidently not qualified to be 
a guide, either in systematic theology or 
in scriptural interpretation ; still less 
is he fitted to lay down with discrimina- 
tion and justice the lines, often so 
delicate and almost evanescent, which 
^ride the various systems of theology 
one from another. We trust that he 
win not so egregiously mistake bis call- 



he has to do ; and that his fine gifts 
and expansive heart will not waste 
themselves in efibrts, which, however 
well intended or earnestly conducted, 
can result only in bewildering his 
admirers in what bss been too aptly 
called a nebular theology. 

J. H. H. 



Dr. Oranl and the Mounlmn ffiMloriaiU. 
By Btv. TaoHAS LiD£l2, turviaing aiia- 
eiale in Ihal Mia'um. YVilh Porlrait, 
Map a/ (he Country, llltutralitHU, ^e. 
London : Trubner uid Co., Patem«t«t 
Rov. 1853. Soutll 8vu, Pp. 119. 
Price Ci. Gd. 

This volume will be welcomed by 
those who have lead the small memoir 
of Br. Orant, published in 1847. It is 
the history of a man of God, devoted to 
the dissemination of the gospel of 
Christ among ' a people whose past 
associations aad present drcumstanoes, 
whose country and habits of life, invest 
them with peculiar interest. Dr. Qrant 
was a nuEsionary physician, sent by the 
American Board of Missions to labour 
among the Nestorians. His heart was 
thoroughly interested in his work ; 
his medical skill gave him access to all 
classes and thus prepared the way for 
the communication of knowledge re- 
specting the " Great Physician ■" and 
none can foil to be captivated by this 
account of his joumeyings, at times 
quite alone, among the inhabitants 
of the mountains of Kurdistan. Mr. 
Laurie, by long association with Br. 
Grant in his mission, and by the strong 
friendship subsisting between them, was 
eminently qualified to become his his- 
torian. Interesting sketches, both of 
character and scenery, are scattered 
through this volume ; and its extensive 
circulation is calculated to be productive 
of much good. 

Memoirs of the Beiv&al& ot >;^W\A, 
sad especial!; of demoted mu^Quvnna, 



n 



PR. G&AHT ANP THE MOUNTAIN NB8T0RUN& 



must intereit and profit the Christian. 
To traoe the hand of God in their pre- 
paration for their work, the guidance of 
a wise and kind proyidenoe in every 
step of their career, and the influence of 
a strong faith in their daily conduct, 
must deepen our own piety and dcToted- 
ne^ to God. There are two or three 
points in the history of Dr. Grant that 
well deserve our attention. One is, the 
pleasing results of parental piety. '* His 
parents were eminently given to prayer ; 
and that not merely for themselves or 
neighbours, but for the world. The 
kingdom of Christ held a prominent 
place in their supplications. It is said 
that his father never failed to remember 
his children at the family altar, and his 
mother often took them with her to her 
oloset, to plead with ^them and for them 
before God. 

" It reveals something of the character 
of these prayers, and the lives of those 
who offered them, that before the father 
died, all, save one, of his children were 
hopefully converted, while the mother 
was permitted to live to rejoice in hope 
for thorn all. Such were the parents of 
Pr. Grant ; and we should fail to detect 
the more important influences that gave 
direction to his character,' if we do not 
look in on those seasons of family devo- 
tion in the ' household of that pious 
fiirmer, and hear the mother speaking 
to her children of Eliot and Brainerd^ 
and the Saviour who commanded them 
to preach his gospel to them that sit in 
darkness. 

"It deserves notice that the Rev. 
S. Kirkland who had been a missionary 
to the Indians for forty years, died in 
the very town where Dr. Grant was 
bom, while he was yet an infant in his 
cradle. What eflect the memory of that 
good man, as dwelt on by his mother in 
hifl boyish years, may have had in 
deciding his future course, can never be 
known till we see the connections that 
Jbmd iogeiber the kingdom of Christ in 



all ages in the light of heaven. Be that 
as it may, no one can read hit letters to 
his mother, revealing ardent affection 
and esteem, unchanged to the very last, 
and not feel that it was no common 
impression in childhood that continued 
through all his changing career so fresh 
and (dear to the end. Just before his 
death, he stated that the early religious 
impressions made by his godly mother 
had followed him in all his wanderings 
through life. Courage, then, Chrbtian 
mother I you deem your sphere of 
action humble and obscure, but you may 
be moulding a character that shall be 
felt around the globe and down through 
distant ages." 

We have a pleasing illustration of the 
same point in the partner of Dr. Grant^s 
missionary life. ''When only three 
days old her mother died, and at the 
age of twelve months she was adopted 
by her mother*s sister, Sabrina, wife of 
William Campbell, M.D., of Cherry 
Valley, in the same state. She early 
trained her to habits of self-denial for 
the cause of Christ. When Judith was 
but seven years of age, a box was pre- 
pared by the ladies of Cherry Valley for 
Mr. and Mrs. Stewart, then leaving an 
acyoining town for the Sandwich Islands. 
This was done mostly at the house of 
Mrs. Campbell, and, to interest her 
daughter in the cause, she desired her 
to contribute a favourite pair of mittens. 
It cost a struggle, but she gave them, 
and from that hour felt a deep interest 
in the work. Thenceforth each number 
of the Missionary Herald was perused 
with joy, and even then she looked for- 
ward with great delight to the time 
when she might engage personally in 
the work. Long after, in Persia, she 
traced all her attachment to the cause 
back to this little incident, and the 
hallowed influence of her mother. Sudi 
things show how missionaries are made. 
They do not grow up by chance, — th^ 
are the loiult of the prayers and Chris- 



DB. GBANT AND THfl MOUNTAIN NESTOBIANS. 



00 



fiia tndning of plons parents, and 
etpeoially spiritually-minded mothers. 
On her death-bed Mrs. Grant testified 
to this parental fidthfulness, when she 
mid, ** What might I have^been but for 
a pioos mother! Under God, I owe 
ererything to my mother.*' 

Another point noticeable in this 
history, is that in all the events of his 
life the hand of God preparing him for 
Iu9 work may be traced. When young 
be iBanifested a strong preference for 
the medical profession. His services on 
his &ther*8 fiffm were so valuable that 
he probably would never have been 
permitted to leave it, had not, in the 
providence of (}od, a severe wound un- 
fitted him for agricultural pursuits, and 
opened the way for the gratification of 
Us desire to study medicine. In guid- 
ing him to Braintrim where he first 
prsctised as a physician God appears to 
have had an ulterior object. ''His 
duties often led him to ford the river 
when the current almost carried away 
his horse, and frequently ho was com- 
pelled to walk long distances over the 
hills, as though He who called him to 
toil among the rugged defiles of Kur- 
distan took this method to prepare him 
for his work." " The missionary needed 
to be prepared for future scenes by 
safiering as well as hardship, and his 
beloved Electa was taken from him. . . . 
He suffered but he did not complain. 
... He devoted himself as never before 
to self-denying labour for Christ. He 
ims led to look in on another world; 
bat instead of impatient desire to enter 
into rest, he consecrated himself afresh 
to the work of bringing others through 
grace to that glorious inheritance.'* For I 
years he had desired to visit the moun- 
tains, and at length 'Hhe loss of his 
health, so as at one time to excite 
serious apprehensions for his life, was 
cue of the means employed by Provi- 
dence to open for him this new sphere 
of usefiihiafif. , . . Ee managed to live \ 



only as he left the city and rodo to the 
purer air of the distant villages. » . • 
On hearing this Dr. Riach suggested 
that his labours for the Nestorians need 
not terminate, as the mountains ought 
to be explored, and all knew that he 
was Just the man for that work.'* 

But the entire devotedness to God 
and habitual realization of his presence 
and guidance, which characterised Dr. 
Grant, especially excite our admiration. 
We are constantly reminded of Abra- 
ham, who by faith obeyed God, and 
went out not knowing whither he went; 
and of Moses who by faith endured as 
seeing Him who is invisible. '* Carefully 
to observe the intimations of the divine 
will and implicitly to follow them, were 
principles that governed the whole con* 
duct of Dr. Grant. His child-like re* 
liance on Providence is beautifUUy 
illustrated by an incident that occurred 
during this Journey. ''Suppose that 
when you reach — -," said a (Hend, 
''you find you cannot stay there, what 

will you dol" "I wiU go to ." 

"And suppose that then your way is 
hedged up ?" I will do so and so," was 
the reply. At length thinking he had 
certainly brought him to a stand, his 
friend asked, " And what then ? " "I 
do not now know," said Dr. Grant, " but 
when God brings me there he will point 
out the way in time enough for me to 
walk in it." This spirit of reliance on 
God furnishes a key to much in his 
subsequent course that were otherwise 
inexplicable ; for being assured that 
the mountains formed a part of " all the 
world " into which the disciples were to 
go and preach the gospel, and that the 
existing exigencies of the mission 
rendered it exceedingly desirable that it 
should be done immediately, he took it 
for granted that God would take care of 
the man who should endeavour to do it, 
and aflford him all necessary guidance 
just so fast and so fit ^a VV. ^^a t^- 
quired." How beautiful \a t\i^ ioYi^^ 



100 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



ing extraot from a letter to Mr. Merrick, 
in which he mentions his difficulties 
and the advice of some to abandon the 
mission: '* Whether I shall penetrate 
further into the mountains I cannot 
decide now, but shall be guided bj 
future indications. . . . My motives, my 
feelings, my desires, my hopes, are all 
open to the eyes of God. To Him I 
commit my case, myself, my aU. By 
His judgment I stand or fall. If I am 
successful, to Him be all the glory. If 
I fail, I fail in a good cause, and through 
the grace which is in Christ Jesus our 
Lord, it may be set to my account that 
it was in my heart to succeed, that Qod 
might be glorified. In myself I am 
weak — I am nothing ; but I feel strong 
in the Lord, in whom is everlasting 
strength ; not a hair of my head will be 
touched without his permission. So 
long as he requires my poor services 
here, he will take care of me." — That 
God did not fiul to reward such implicit 
confidence in Himself appears from the 
following paragraph, and many others 
that might be quoted. '^ As he drew near 
the village, he asked himself, ' What re- 
ception shall I meet from these wild 
sons of the mountain who never saw a 
foreigner before ? How will they treat 



the stranger thrown helpless on their 
mercy?' One breath of suspicion 
might blast his fondest hopes. Bat 
prayer had been offered for him, and 
God answered it better than he could 
have devised for himself. The only man 
he had ever seen from this remote region 
had come to him nearly a year before, 
hardly hoping that his sight might be 
restored. For six weeks he had groped 
his way from village to village, till Dr. 
Grant removed a cataract from hii^%ye8 
in Oroomiah ; and now, scarcely had he 
entered Lezan, when this young man 
came, bringing a present of honey, and 
introduced him at once to the confidence 
and love of the people, — an incident thai 
unites to the poetry of fiction, the solid- 
ity of truth and the sweetness of a 
reward of fiuth. He was soon engaged 
in dispensing medicine to others; and 
no wonder that then, and long after his 
death, the mountaineers said that this, 
his first journey, was like the journeys 
of Him who went about doing good'* 

Oh, that God would raise up men 
imbued with this spirit ; and then, soon 
the wilderness would rejoice, and the 
desert would bloom and blossom as the 



rose ! 



B. 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



Centu* of Great Britain^ 1851. BeUgimu 
Wor$hip. Abridgment of the Official Beport 
of Horace Mann^ Esq., to the Begiatrar 
General of Births^ Deaths^ and Marriage* ; 
showing the number of Placet for Beliaioua 
Worship, and of Sittirtgs and Attendants^ 
ifc., Src. England and Wales. Bg Autho- 
rity of the Begistrar General, London : Eyre 
and Spottisvroode. Imperial 8vo. Pp. x. 142. 

Some of our readers will remember that about 
three yean ago we apprised our ministering 
1n«thren that they might expect to receive 
inqairiet of a statistical character from public 
officers, and urged them to do everything in 
their power to facilitate those who were en- 
irugted with the executioD of the measure in 
!Ar acqvmthn of the inffmn%t\on which thcj 



sought. The propriety of this advice is d«- 
monstrated in the publication before us. It 
gives such a compreheniive and yet detuled 
view of religious denominations and the pro- 
vision for religious worship in England and 
Wales, as was never furnished before, and as 
must prove of incalculable value. We tender 
our best thanks to Ilorace Mann, E<q., for the 
exertions he has made and the spirit in which 
he has performed his arduous task. We do not 
see how he could have evinced greater skill or 
greater freedom from sectarian bias. All t?ho 
desire to pin correct and extensive knowledge 
of the reli^iious state of England will do well to 
procure the volume, which is sold at a low 
price. We shall endeavour to find room ibr 
some extracts which will corroborate our re- 
cotnmen&alUm. 



BRIEF NOTICKS. 



]0I 



Cmmu of Great Britain^ 1851. Rdiaiinu 
Wohhp. Enc^and and Wales, Jteport 
amd TabieM, FretetOed to both Houses of 
Parliament by Command of Her 3Iajestv. 
Loodon : Printed by Ejre and Spottiswoode 
for Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 8to. 
Pp.434. 

Snce we sent the foregoing article to the 
printer'sy we hare been fiironred with a copy of 
this Tolomey of which the other is an abridge- 
ment. As this is not yet for sale we cannot 
mention its price; but firom a careful com- 
ptrison of the two we can say that the Abridge- 
ment is made with admirable skill, and that tne 
Original is so mnch more comprehensive than 
the .4)>ridgement as to deserre universal prefer- 
cflce. The reduction of the 434 pages to 151 is 
effected thus: — many explanatory and illus- 
tntive notes are left out; some historical 
Botices are greatly shortened;^ and the tables 
coDtaining the load details, living the "Ac- 
eommodation and attendance m every Registra- 
tion District and Poor Law Union,** are entirely 
flmitted. The most ralnable portions are re- 
tiined in the smaller work ; but the other parts 
ve important, so important as to be to all who 
take part in actiTC business connected with the ' 
rnvsa of religion in our own land indispensable, 
aocfa a work as this conld never have been pro- 
iweed before in any age or country. The 
sbservatlons introduced are few but remarkably 
jodirioos. In general, in examining works 
vhich refer to the dissenting sects we have 
vondered at the ignorance of the author ; but, 
is this case, the wonder has been how the 
writer obtained such accurate and comprehen- 
sive knowledge as is displayed throughout his 
performance. 

TV Arabs of the City; or a Plea for Brotlier- 
hood with the Outccut; being an Address 
ddi9ertd to the Young MerCs Christian Asso- 
cioHonj Birmingham^ on Tuesday Evening, 
XovenU>er 29, 1853. By William Morgan, 
Town Clerk of Birmingham., Birmingham : 
Hudson and Son. London : Hamilton, 
Adams and Co. 8to. Pp. 21. Price 6d. 

The Town Clerk of Birmingham must have 
Itsd opportunities greater than those of roost 
Ben ior becoming acquainted with the condition 
of youthful victmis of ignorance and crime. 
Those opportunities he appears to have turned 
to excellent account; and both the opinions 
•hieh he expresses and the spirit he evinces 
mdcr his pamphlet one the circulation of 
which we are anxious to promote. To Chris* 
tisa yoang men especially we commend it ; it 
will point out to them openings for usefulness 
congenial at once with the character of Him 
whose followers they profess to he and with the 
truest dictates of Brituh patriotism. 

Tlumgkts and Sketches in Verse, By Carolink 
Demt. London : Arthur Hall, Virtue, and 
Co., 25, Paternoster Row. 1854. 

This simple unpretending volume is full of 
Waaty. It is pervaded by deep and earnest 
rehgioos ieeling and true poetry, and is calcu- 
kted to inspire pure ana elevated thoughts. 
SoBe of th^ ^MOMMS are exquisitelj touching, j 

rOL, Xri/, — FOURTH SESlEff. 



The authoress has evidently a mind and heart 
susceptible of impression from the outward 
world, and is capable of revealing its messages 
in tones of sweetness and power to her fellow- 
immortals. We hope that she will be en- 
couraged to cultivate the gift with which she is 
so richly endowed. We have given some 
selections in another page. B. 

Louisa Von Plettcnhaus ; the Journal of a Poor 
Young L€uiy. Translate from the German, 
Edinburgh: Thomas Constable and Co. 
London : Hamilton, Adams, and Co. 1854. 
12mo. Pp. 240. Cloth, gilt edges. Price 
3s. 6d. 

The design of this tale is to cherish a spirit 
of resignation in trying circumstances, and 
confidence in the goodness of the Supreme 
Ruler. The Poor Young Lady is simple- 
minded and amiable though rather eccentric; 
the granddaughter of a prime minister though 
compelled to suffer the infelicities of a governess. 
Hsppily, her fortunes being under the control 
of a kind hearted writer, she becomes mistress 
of the mansion in which she had been uncom* 
fortably located. The sentiments breathed are 
evangelical, somewhat in the Krummacher style, 
and very prettv verses are introduced of which 
Uie reader will find some specimens in a pre- 
ceding page. 

Memoir of Dr, Charles WtAster,' with an ac- 
count of Dr, Alexander Webster of (he High 
Churchj Edinburgh, J9^ Grace Websteb. 
Edinburgh: Sutherland and Knox. 12mo. 
Pp. 400. Price 5s. 

Our readers south of the Tweed have scarcely 
heard of the two excellent men whose names 
and deeds the present volume professes to 
record ; readers north of the Tweed will have 
nearly forgotten them. Dr. Alexander Webster 
lived from 1707 to 1784, and is now remembered 
chiefly as the originator of the Widows* fund of 
Scotland, which partly by a tax on minbters 
of the Established Church and partly by re- 
sources prorided by Acts of Parliament provides 
for the widows and families of the men whom 
death has removed from the pulpits of the 
church. Dr. Charles Webster is rcmer^bcred 
perhaps, for his death occurred in 1795, as an 
expcnenced physician, as well as a painstaking 
pastor. The authoress deems it '* almost 
beyond the power of writing" to give " a com- 
plete character of Dr. Alexander Webster, and 
as to Dr. Charles Webster, it is not possible," 
she says, " to mention his'character with greater 
admiration than it deserved." Nevertheless of 
these very excellent and truly great men, enough 
is not said to fill a fourth part of a somewhat 
large type foolscap octavo extending to about 
four hundred pages. The book is eked out 
with sketches and notices of Websters many, 
both male and female ; of princes, bishops, lords, 
ladies, and servants, the chief recommendation 
of many of whom to this record seems to be 
that they were faithful to the Episcopal Church 
in Scotland, and to the fortunes of the un- 
worthy snd ill-fated Stuarts. A tract of Dr. 
Alexlander Webster's on the revvvcA v\ C«av- 
brislang and Kilsyth m \14i v^ t^^iwvV^^ vii 
these pagesy and wiW \>e teaA witVi vr\\w«&\. Vj 

o 



102 



BRIEF KOTICE& 



fuch as are acquainted with that morement 
and the opposition which it awakened among 
the ettabluued clergy of the dav, and the 
notices of George Whitfield and John Wesley's 
▼isits to Scotland, bating only their high church 
tendencies, will also be acceptable. Truth and 
impartiality, howcTcr, compel us to say that the 
authoress describes correctly her own book 
when she speaks of it as *' a melange, rather than 
a regular memoir in which," she adds, ** much 
citraneouB matter has been introduced not 
indicated by the title,'* Very scanty materials, 
indiscriminate laudation, petty aetMls, and 
eccleviastical prejudices render the book, con- 
sidered as a memoir, about ai worthless as we 
ever remember to have read. G. 

An Eng^thmaiCt Travelt in America : hia 
OfpaervationM of Life and Manners in the 
Free and Slave State; By J, Bknwell. 
London : Binns and Goodwin, 14, Fleet 
Street 16mo. Pp. rii. 831. Cloth^ gUt. 
Price 30. 6d. 

Landing at New York* and snnreying the 
principal part of the State of which it is the 
chief city, the writer proceeded southward 
down the Missouri and Mississipi rivers to i 
New Orleans, the whole tour comprising aboTe | 
three thousand miles. AiUr crossing an arm ; 
of the gulf of Mexico, he spent some time in | 
the Floridas, and then visited Georgia and I 
South Carolina. He tells his tale in a straight- I 
forward way. His observations are those of a | 
man fearing God, and desiring to do Justice to i 
fellow men of every class and colour. The i 
illustrations which he has furnished of the \ 
debasing and brutalizing effects of the slave j 
system upon the slave-owners and their con- 
nections, are a painful but instructive portion i 
of the volume. 

The Principles of Church Government, and 
their application to Weeleifan Methodism, i 
Hlth Appendices, By George Steward. I 
London : Hamilton, Adams, and Co. 1853. ' 
8vo. Pp. 360. Price Bs. 6d. I 

We recommend this book to any of our readers 
who wish to understand the polity of Methodism. 
It is written by one whom twenty years' ex- 
perience rendered fully acquainted with its 
principles and working; and though circum- 
•tances were not calculated to make liim an 
impartial witness, it is written with great 
calmness and fairness. Its perusal has strengtli- 
ened the opinion we have long entertained, 
that no body of men can with safety be invested 
with absolute power ; and that of all tyrannies 
ecclesiastical tyranny is the most despotic and 
shameless. Aluch as we deprecate the govern- 
ment of the church by the state, we most 
devoutly pray^ that the state in this country 
may never be in subjection to the church. Any 
rule in the church, whether that of pope, pres- 
bytery, convocation, or conference, is essentially 
popery ; it b from beneath, and will eventually 
assume all the malipant features of A ntiChrist. 
That a mit>directed Jove of in dependence should 
make ministers and churches impatient of 
advice, is much to be deplored ; but this evil is 
iSir Jests than that, which the history of the 
etanb proy§ to at, mn$t ineyitebJj itault fnm 



any Miganisatioa which ihaU be inyeatad wifli 
power to enforce its decrees. In the church of 
God all are equal ; there is only one master and 
ruler, even Christ ; and one code oi laws, the 
sacred scriptures. This book is divided into 
three parts, *' The idea of Government applied 
to Church Questions,*^ " Scripture views ot the 
Ministry/' and " Methodism. ' Our opinion of 
the third part may be gathered from the above. 
With the first part we have little or no ajni* 
pathy. All arguments from analogy on ilia 
government of the church we deem worse than 
futile. Church government is a matter of 
revelation, not of reason. With the second 

Ert we have been much delighted. We dumid 
glad to see it, with slight alterations, pub- 
lished in a separate form, and circulated in all 
our congregations. Our great aatonbhment is 
that the writer does not folly adopt our form 
of church governments. We can only account 
for it from nis long connection with a system of 
which the motto is, " What is expedient ?" and 
not, " What saith the Scripture ? " ' B. 

The Sister rf Mercy, A Tale for the Tiates 
we live in. London: Houlstonand Stonemaa. 
Foolscap 8vo. Pp. 176. Price 3s. 6d., 
cloth. 

To expose the malpractices of thoae who call 
themselves Anglo-CfathoUcs, but who are in 
fact close imitators of Romuh devotees, it the 
design of the tale contained in this pretty lock- 
ing volume. Its drculation may be useful 
especially among the wealthier classes, bj 
guarding them against snares laid for them in 
consequence of their riches. We have not a 
yery favourable opinion of works of fiction as 
vehicles for religious controversy ; but waving 
this objection, and considering the tale simply 
as what it is intended to be, we cannot hero 
pointing out some serious defects. We wiU 
say nothing of the crabbed discontentedness of 
the one specimen of "dissenters'* introduced 
into the story; but there are two particulars 
which judicious churchmen will agree with us 
in lamenting. The first is that though the 
system which the tale is intended to counteract 
is described in its operations it is not refuted, 
or shown to be unscriptural ; the second, that 
the gospel is not clearly unfolded, and placed in 
contrast with that fallacious system which if 
justly condemned. This should assuredly havt 
been done to give effect to the authors in-^ 
tentions. 

The Jesuits: an Historical Sketch, By 
E. W. GRninELD, M.A. London : Seekrrs, 
Fleet Street. 1853. 16mo. P^ 471. 
Price 6s. 

In our opinion a good history of the Jeaoiti 
is^ still a desideratum. And no wonder : for a 
man to do justice to this marvellous and 
melancholy subject, must combine the deep 
research of Ranke with the power of pictorial 
composition possessed by our own Macaulay. 
This work by Mr. Grin field makes no preten- 
sions either to peculiarly deep research, tut 
especial eloquence of style ; it is written, how- 
ever, in a readable manner ; without any his- 
torical blunders^ so far as we can see ; and with 
•8 much im^Tt)tk\\V^ ^ ^'h».^%, «a way ^^tettant 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



loa 



eai bt tiqiMcted to exhibit. Ptreiiti will do 
«ill to pat it into the heads of their elder 
cUUnn ee e ^ood fir<t book upon the importAnt 
nbicet of which it treats. H. 

Tke Oommg •• TVme of TrrnMe** during which 
Ae ** Great Hain of the ** Seventh Kio/" 
mill be ten in The Armiea of Rustia, now 
frepturimp to came down upon the Papal King- 
doms of Europe; viewed in connejcion with 
f%e Eatiem Quretion, and the Restoration 
of ike Jews; by meanj of the Steam Ships of 
Great Britain, as the Modem Tyre of Pro • 
■4<rjf« London: Houlnton and Stonemen. 
iSrao. Pp. TilL 96. Price Is. 



apologv for the fanlts of his 
this: — ^It is penned in great 



The author's 
Krfbnnance is tlus: 

Uste, and under circnmstancws (^ trial and 

ilietioB, which few, if any of our brethren, 

BBj be called to encounter in life, while engaged 

is a warfiue of no ordinary character, both bj 

word and writing, for many years past, to 

witness for the kingdom of Christ on tno earth, 

m tike midst of these * perilous times of the 

kst day«,' in which our lot hath been cast." 

Under these circumstances it would be un* 

aercilhl if not unjust to criticise the work ; 

theogh thej hardly amount to a yindication for 

printing it. Whether to giTe a shilling for it 

er not ninst rest with any one who has a 

skiUiBg at hie own disposal and desires to possess 

it; for oanelves, we shall only say that we 

weald willini^y giye a shilling to recorer the 

time we have lost in reading it. 

Great TruAs for Thoughtful Hours, Essay 
on Human Happiness, By C. D. Ad- 
DERLEY, M.P. Second Edition. London : 
Blackader and Co., 13, Paternoster Row. 
1853. 24mo. Pp. 96. Price Is. Gd. 

Great Truths for Thoughtful ^laments. No. 
I. The Cry from the Cross, 24 mo. Pages 16. 
Price Id. No. J J, Be not Righteous over 
Whick. Pp. 31. Price 1<<. By tlu Rev. 
Datid Laino, M.A., F.R.8. London: 
Blackader and Co. 

The little works whose titles are given above 
belong to two series of publications no'.v in pro- 
gress by Messrs. Blackader and Co. vVe 
earnestly hope the publishers may meet with 
soch success as shall encourage tueni to pro- 
secute their noble enterprise. Wc have read 
Mr. Adderley's volume with peculiar pleasure. 
It is the production of a devout, intelligent, 
cultivated Christian. There runs throughout 
A rich vein of philosophic poetry, that reminds 
as sometimes of the best works of Coleridge. 
There is a loftiness of tone too which commands 
attention and homage. From some of the 
writer's positions and reasonings we arc con- 
itrsined to dissent ; nevertheless as a whole tlie 
essay has our warm approval. Our prayer is 
tkat bv the Divine blessing, it may reveal to 
may hearts now overchai^ed with sorrow the 
Mcret of true happint'ss. 

Mr. Laing*s tracts arc wcll-writtcn, and 
thorooghly evangelical. The manifc$)t sincerity 
■nd eancstneaa of the writer apnear on every 
pme* Ali^ many a thoi>ghUtu momont be I 
trnfrowed ty tbtirpenumJ! W. ' 



The Congregational Year Booh^ 1854. Con- 
taining the Proceedings of the Coagregational 
Union for 1853, and General Statistics of 
the Denomnution, London : Jackson and 
Walford, St. PauUs Church Yard. Bvo. 
Pp. xvi. 320. Price Is. 

The obligations under which Congregational 
churches and ministers lie to the gentlemen 
who have compiled this work are very great. 
It gives the same sort of matter as is found in 
relation to our own body in the Baptist Manual 
and in the Supplement to this Magaaine ; but 
it is more comprehensive than either or both. 
No man knows the difficulty of obtaining such 
information who is not practicallv acquainted 
with attempts to acquire it, and it is but seldom 
that it brings to him who has laboured succesa- 
fully in this department even an acknowledg- 
ment of his industry, as one detected mistake 
makes more impression on the minds of many 
who consult such a book, than ten thousand 
correct statements. This volume seems to ua 
to be remarkably accurate, and perfectly free 
from anything objectionable in its reference to 
other denominations. Whether it is appre- 
ciated suitably by those for whom it is primuily 
intended or not, we shall value it* and we bqg 
the laborious editors to accept our thanks. 

The Journal of Sacred Literature, New 
Series, Etlited by the Rev, H, Burgess, 
Ph.D, Member tf the Royal Society of 
Literature, No, X, January, 1854. London : 
Blackader and Co. 8vo. Price 58. 

In this number, wo have read with pleasure 
an article on the Sources of the Received Text 

I of the Greek Testament, in which the Textile 
Receptus is vindicated from the contempt with 
which it has been spoken of generally in modem 
works on Biblical Criticism. The design of 

I the writer is not to maintain that the text is in 
all particulars a correct one, but to show ** that 
it is subtUautiaUy a good text, being founded on 
right princiiilea ; and that it is comparatively a 
good text, since, as wc think, it is far superior 

I to the soi-disant corrected texts of the most 

I recent critical edition s.*^ Other principal 
articles arc on Recent Hebrew Literature — on 
the Historical Advantage to be derived from 
the Armenian "IVanslation of the Chronicle of 
EusL'bius — ou Bishop Kaye and the^Council of 
Xiciea— and on Maurice's Essays. 

7%e British and Foreign Evangelical Review, 
No, VII, December, 185.i. Contents I, 
James Hervey^ and Ute Evangelism of his 
Times. II, Bushnell on Christian Nurture, 
III, Life of Ueyvl, IT, Oxford and 
Rome: Dr. irisemuns Essays, V, The 
Religious History and Coiulition of Spain, 
VI. The Gymnasium in Prussia. VII, 
Historical Theology, VIII. Maurice's 
Theological Essays. IX. Critical Notices, 
X. Herman IMtgious Periodicals, XI, 
Miscellanies. Edinburgh: Johnstone and 
Iluutor. Svo. Pp. 262. Price 3a. 6d. 

An explanation and defence of infant baptism 
such as we find in the second article ia \wd«e^ 
a treat Nothing teuda mote to XW <M\iaAaa 
of truth than the introduction oC lYie ^Lvafi^vi^M^^ 



14)4 



BRIEF NOTICEa 



into psdobftptut circlet. How •eldom is a 
coorte of lectarea on the sabject deliTered by 
one oi oar brethren of another denomination 
without the coDTeraien of a few of his people to 
onr yiews! How carefully do they abstain 
from the topic in their periodicals! If they 
would bat adduce their arguments, we might 
generally be qaiet and leare the work safely in 
their hands. This is an importation from 
America. Dr. Bushnell of Hartford, Con- 
necticat, maintains '*that the infants of be- 
lioTcrs are included in the corenant in which 
God promises grace and salrstion." The 
Princeton Reriew, from which the article 
before us is taken, agrees with the sentiment, 
bat is dissatisfied with the ar^ments brought 
forward to sustain it. '*The idea we get from 
all this," says the reriewer, after (Quoting largely, 
** iw, that as there is at one period a rascular 
connection between the parent and the child, 
in Tirtue of which the life of the one is the life 
of the other, moulding it into its own image as 
a human beicg, so after birth there is a meta- 
physically organic connection in yirtue of which | 
last as natoially the spiritual life of the parent j 
becomes that of the child, so that, when it j 
comes into its own will, it begins, or may begin, | 
its coarse, a regenerated human being.' But, I 
though the reriewer says, ** It b because Dr. B. > 
urges the fact of the connection between parents I 
and children with so much power, that we feel 
so great an interest in his mMk,** he also adds, 
"His philosophy of that fact we hope may 
soon find its way to the place where so much 
philosophy has already gone.*^ We hope so too ; 
and to the same tomb we belicTc that the philo- 
sophy of his reriewer will speedily follow, if our 
pcdobaptist brethren will but discuss the 
matter. The third, sixth, and seventh articles 
are also from the Princeton Reriew; the first, 
foorth, and fifth are original. 

A Mefnoir of the fate Mr, John Teal, Deacon 
of the Baptist Churchy Shipley, Yorkshire, 
By the Rev. P. ScoTT. Leeds: J. Heaton, 
7, Briggate. London : Honlston and Stone- 
man. 1853. Pp. xi. 130. Price Is. 6d. 

A futhful and interesting biography of one 
who lived near to God, and for many years 
honourably discharged the duties of a member 
and office-bearer iu the church of Christ. It 
was our happiness to know him ; and we rejoice 
that Mr. Scott has preserved his memor}* in the 
small volume before us. Our readers will 
perhaps remember that a brief sketch of Mr. 
Teal appeared in this Magazine some months 
ago. This book is an enlargement of that 
sketch. The subject well deserved a separate 
memorial. We wish the volume a wide circu- 
lation among our churches. W, 

Work ; or Plenty to do and how] to do it. By 
Margaret Mabia Brewster. Second 
Series. £dinbun;h : Thomas Constable and 
Co. London: Hamilton, Adams, and Co. 
1854. 16mo. Pp. 125. Price 28. 

Some few months ago it was our pleasure to 

introduce the first series of these valuable papers 

to our readers. We can ipeak in the same 

l«nDj of commendation of^the second as we 

''id iff the fSnt Indeed, we Zwre more firequent 



indications of thooghtfol reading and obsenra*^' 
tion now than appeared then. We are glad -. 
that the reception given by the public to thm 
first volume has been so cordial as to warrant 
the author in sending out another. The sub- 
jects discussed are. Little Children's Work — 
Young Ladies* Work — Work of Teachers and 
Taught — Household Work— Work of Em- 
ployers and Employed — Country Work — 
Sabbath Work — Thought Work -7 Proviog 
Work — Rert. The treatment of theM tomes 
is highly soggestive and stimulating. M . 

Borne and the Gospel, By the Rev. Jamks 
Morgan, D.D., Belfast, Edinburgh : 
Johnstone and Hunter. 1854. 16mo. Pp. 
203. Price 2s. 

Li obaerving the manner in which the con- 
troversy against Rome is being now carried on. 
Dr. Morgan has reached the conclusion — a 
correct one we believe — that too much time and 
energy are spent in protesting against error, 
and too little engagea in the announcement 
and exposition of truth. In the work before 
us he has therefore aimed to combine both these 
ends in just proportion. We congratulate him 
on his complete suooesa. Though small, this is 
one of the most valuable treatises on popery we 
have ever read. It is marked by thoroogh 
knowledge of the subject in hand, great deamess 
and vigour of thought, an admirable selection 
of terms, and a devout, earnest, affectionate 
spirit. There is an Appendix containing two 
sermons preached by the author on the twentv- 
fifth anniversary ot his settlement among the 
people of his charge. While valuable cniefly 
to those for whose benefit they were preached, 
they will be read with interest by all. W. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

flyprobeD. 

I [tt should be nndcrttood that insertion in thie UstU not ft 
I mere annonncemtnt : it eiprcMC* «pprobatian of the worii 
j eaomented/— not of eoonc extending to erery pnrtlcnlarf hnt 
• an approbation of their general character and tendency.] 

I The Angel's Mighty Stone, a Type of Babylon ; sn 
j Ode, written by Dr. Watts. The Music Composed 

and Arranged for One and Four Voices, with a 
' Separate Accompaniment for the Organ or Piano- 
' forte. By John Kino. London t Honlston and 

Stoneman. Alo^pp, 8. Prici 2r. * 



The Tree of Life. 
Blaekader and Co. 



Winter— December. London 1 
24mo., pp. 64. Price M, 



The Eclectic Review. January. 1854. Contents : 
I. Professor Wilson : Lights and Shadows of Scot- 
tish Life. II. Mulligan's Structare of the English 
Langtuge. III. Angling Literature. IV. Dr. La- 
tham and the Ethnology of the Crystal Palaoo. V. 
The Insurrection in China. VI. The Russian 
Shores of the Black Soa. VII. Prophecy and the 
Porle. VIII. Professor Maarice and King's Col- 
lege. Brief Notices, Review of the Month, Literary 
Intelligence, &e. iKmdon: Ward and Co, %vo.,pp. 
128. Pric€U.ed. 



The Christian Treasury: Containing Contribution! 
from Ministers and Members of Various Evangelieal 
Denominations. Jannaiy, 1854. Mdinbuq/h: John- 
t(on< aad Htmter. Bvo., t*P* ^* PtiM 54. 



105 



INTELLIGENCE. 



HOME. 

rai BAPTISTS OF EKQLAKD IN 1851. 

In thV^ejnoptical vieir of the different 
nKgioiit aMioiniiiatioiis jast publiihed by the 
tntbonty of the Regiainir General, the fbl- 
iowing accoont is given of the baptists : — 

The distingninhing tenets of the Baptists 
Kkte to two points, upon which they differ 
from nearly every other Christian denomlna- 
tim; vis. (1), the proper subjeeit, and (2), 
the proper mode^ of baptism. Holding that 
the rite itself was instituted for perpetual 
celefaration. Baptists consider, (1), that it was 
memt to be imparted only on profession of 
befief by the recipient, and that this profes- 
Mo cannot properly be made by proxy, as 
the custom is by sponsors in the Established 
Chordi, bat most be the genuine and rational 
STowsl of the baptized person himself. To 
illastrrte and fortify this main pontion, they 
refer to many passages of Scripture which 
describe the ceremony as performed on per- 
ms of undoubtedly mature intelligence and 
1^, and assert the absence from the sacred 
writings of all statement or inevitable impli- 
cstion that by any other persons was the 
ceremony ever shared. Adults being there- 
ibre held to be the only proper subjects of 
the ordinance, it is also held that (2), the 
only proper mode is, not, as generally prac- 
tised, by a sprinkling or affusion of the water 
m the person, but by a total immersion of 
the party in the water. The arguments by 
which this proposition is supposed to be suc- 
ceasfuUy maintained, are gathered from a 
critical examiiuition of the meaning of the 
word jSawri^of— from the circumstances said 
to have accompanied the rite whenever its 
administration is described in Scripture — ^and 
from general accordance of the advocated 
mode with the practice of the ancient Church. 

Different Seels of Baptists, 

These views are entertained in common by 
all Baptists. Upon other points, however, 
differences prevail, and separate Baptist 
bodies have in consequence been formed. In 
EngUind the following comprise the whole of i 
tlie various sections which unitedly compose | 
the Baptist denomination : 

General (Unitarian) Baptists. 

General (New Connexion) Baptists. 

Particular Baptists. 

Seventh Day Baptists. 

Scotch Baptists. 



Seventh Day Baptists. 

The << Seventh Day Baptists" differ from 
the other Gcnenl Baptist churches simply on 
the fmmd tinU tbe terentb, not the irst, / were i 



diAj of the week should be the one still cele- 
brated as tbo sabbath. They established 
congregations very soon after the first intro- 
duction of Baptists into England, but at 
present they have only two places of worship 
in England and Wales. 

Scotch Baptists, 

The '< Scotch BaptisU" derive their origin 
from the Rev. Mr. M'Lean, who, in 1765, 
established the first Baptist Church in Scot- 
land. Their doctrinal sentiments are Calvin- 
istic, and they differ from the English Parti- 
cular Baptists chiefly by a more rigid imita- 
tion of what they suppose to be the apostolic 
usages, such as love feasts, weekly communion, 
plurality of pastors or elders, washing each 
other's feet, &c. In England and Wales 
there are but 15 congregations of this body. 

History. 

The Baptists, as an organized community 
in Endand, date their origin frt>m 1608, 
when the first Baptist church was formed in 
London ; but their tenets have been held, to 
greater or to less extent, from very early 
times. The Baptists claim Tertullian ^a.d. 
150-220), and Gregory of Nazianzen (a.d. 
328-389), as supporters of their views, and 
contend, on their authority, that the immer- 
sion of adults was the practice in the aposto- 
lic age. Their sentiments have ever since, it 
is affirmed, been more or less received by 
nearly all the various bodies of seceders which 
from time to time have parted from the 
Church of Rome ; as the Albigenses and 
Waldenses, and the other innovating conti- 
nental sects which existed prior to the 
Reformation. From the agitation which 
accompanied that great event, the opinions 
of the Baptists gained considerable notice, 
and the holders of them underwent consi- 
derable persecution. 

In 1832 the Calvinistic Baptist Churches 
are reported at 926,^ which number, by the 
addition (say of 200) for the General Bap- 
tists and the New Connexion, would be raised 
to 1,126. In 1839 the Calvinistic Baptist 
Congregations were computed at 1,276, and 
allowing 250 for the other Baptist Churches, 
the total number would be 1,526. These 
several estimates relate exclusively to Eng' 
land, Wales, for the periods for which 
accounts are extant, shows that in 1772 there 
were 59 congregations (of all kinds of Bap- 
tists) ; that in 1808 there were 165 congrega- 
tions (also of all kinds) ; while in 1839 there 
were 244 congregations of Calvinistic Bap- 
tists. At the recent Censoa lYv« iraxc^ti 



106 



HOME INTBLLIGENGE. 



Baptist CoNOEBQATioNSi 



1' 5 

so I fi 



I 



I 



Q^neral BaptiHt (UnitAriaa) OOj 

OeatnU Bauti«t (New Connexion) ...; 179; 

PartlcuUr BaptUta (CalvinUtic; 1^4* 

Seventh Daj Baptiita > 2; 

Scotch BaptisU I 12 

BaptUte Undefined I 482: 



3 &3 

3, 182 
3731947 
••• , '' 

Si 15 
£8< 550 



The following arc the principal societies 
and institutions supported by the Baptists ; 
others to which they in part contribute are 
included in the List of General Societies on 
page cxvii. of the Report. 



NAMB or SOCIKTY 
OK 

IifSiiruTfoif. 




Income 

for 

the Year 

1851. 



B«ptiat Union 

'Particular BaptiHt Fund 

Bath Society for Aged Ministers 
'Baptist Tract Society 

Bible Translation Society 

*Baptiit Building Fund 



British Musions. 

Baptist Home Missionary Society 
Baptist Irish Society 

FoEsiaai Mrssiows. 

*Baptist Missionary Society 

fQeneral Baptist Missionary \ 
Society 5 

Trbolooical Collsgbs. 

•Bristol 

•Stepney 

•Bradford 

*Pontypool 

•Havenonlwent 

fLeiccster 



1797 
1814 



1792 
1816 



£ 

103 
2495 

472 

150 
1777 

785 



3895 
2298 



li0<5 
S017 



1770 


1120 


ISIO 


1812 


1804 


1004 


1807 


618 


1839 


285 


1843 


501 



Societies to which the asterisk (*) is prefixed 
belong tu the Particular or Calvinistic Baptists; 
those marked thus (f) belong to the New Connexion 
of Qtntral or Arminian Baptists : where no dis- 
tinotive mark occurs, the society is supported by 
both of these bodies jointly. 



BRADFORD^ YORKSHIRE. 

Services have recently been held in West- 
gate chapel, to commemorate the centenary 
of the baptist church which meets there, and 
during the hundred years has been under the 
care of only three pastors, the Rev. W. 
Crabtree, the Rev. Dr. Stead man, and its 
present esteemed minister, the Rev. Henry 
Dowson. On Lord's day, December 4th, 
sermons were preached on the occasion, in the 
morning by Dr. Godwin, and in the evening 
by Mr. Edwards of Nottingham. Oh the 
following evening a public meeting was held 
in the chapel, which was densely crowded, at 
which Sir George Goodman, M.P., presided, 
mppovted by a kigo numbeir of ministers and 
inBuential twndB, The occasion was exceed- 



ingly pleasant to the vast congregation. TUb 
series of interesting and instructive servieti 
was closed on Tuesday evening, December 4^ 
when a sermon was preached by Rev. J. Aldis, 
from Psalm Ixxvii. 10, 11. The large sum of 
more than £2,000 hat been realised during 
tliLs festival, towards the erection of another 
baptist chapel in the town. Mr. DowMm is 
about to publish immediately a small voloae 
entitled, ^'The Centenary: a history of thefirit 
baptist church, Bradford, from its eommenee- 
ment in 1753 ; with memoriali uf the chureh 
of Rosendale, Cioughfold, Bacup, Rawd^, 
&c., fh>m which it had its origin." Illuatrated 
with views of several interesting objects. 



ARTHUR RRBBT, WALWORTH. 

The foundation stone of the new chapel 
now erecting for the congregation in Horsley 
Street was laid on Monday, Dec. 5, 1853, by 
Apsley Pellatt, Esq., M.P. The Rev. E. 
Steane, D.D., delivered an excellent address, 
and the Rev. Messrs. Rogers, Wood, Sea- 
borne, and Howieson led the devotional exer- 
cises^ After a numerously attended tea meet- 
ing, at Horsley Street chapel, a sermon was 
preached in the evening at Sutherland chapel 
(kindly lent for the occasion) by the Rev. 
W. P. Tiddy of Mansion House chapel, late 
of Brussels. 

More than £1000 had been collected 
towards the object previous to laying the 
stone. The offerings on that occasion and 
subsequently amount to more than £300. 
The new chapel is to seat 750 persons, and 
the old place to be fitted up for Sunday 
school rooms for 300 children. 



ASHTON-UNDRR-LTNS. 

The Rev. W. K. Armstrong, B.A., late of 
Huddersfield, has accepted a unanimous 
invitation to the pastorate of the baptist 
church assembling in Welbeck Street, Ash- 
ton-under-Lyne ; and entered on his labours 
on the first Loid's day in December last. 



PENKNAP, WESTBITRY, WILTS. 

On Thursday and Friday, December 15th 
and 16th, very interesting services were held at 
Providence chapel, on the occasion of re-open- 
ing the place of worship and school rooms, 
afler considerable improvements and enlarge- 
ment. The interest waa increased by the 
fact that the pastor of the church, the Rev. 
Shem Evans, completed the twentieth year 
of his pastorate during the week. The Hon. 
and Rev. Baptist Noel, preached on Thursday 
evening and on Friday morning, and the 
Rev. Thomas Winter of Bristol on Friday 
evening. On Friday ailenioon a meeitog waa 
held» under the j^ceiidaiicy of Robert Lewiard, 



HOHl IHTELLiaEKaB 



ft|, «( Bchlol. A dclfhtfiil Chratian 
Mng paraded tin MMmbl;, while HTsnl 
Mghbaarini bntbren oRered prayer, und 
ddlfarad titilirwi i, e«ptciallj referring lo 
Ite ImgUuDed peiind daring which the pu- 
l>r hul pioided orer the church, aad the 
aeccal which had attended hi> mioutir; at 
i» Kine tine siving npreMion to the affec- 
beate ragaxd in which he haa erer been held 
tjhfethnn around. ThefoUowingLonl'idaj, 
linpenal ae i Yitei were continued. Bermom 
we pimped by the Rev. C J. Uiddleditch 
•( Fmiie, and the Rei. W. Baratt of Trow- 
bidg«. ITpwardiof £30 were collected in aid 
rflheeipeiuea. The eenicea throughout were 
nvlced bj (delightful ChiiMian fbeling, which 
Mlj wamnU the belief that they will be 
prodDctire of inadi beneRl to the churchen in 
Ibcdiitrict, many of whoM puton and dea- 



addieaa on the nature of a goapel chuicb. 
The ordination prafer wai olfei«d b; Hi. J, 
Jonei, Llnndynil. Mr. Owenwai addreiwd 
by Mr. E. Thoiniu.Cardignn.aiidthe church 
by Mr. J. Williema, Abetilnar, and (be ier- 
vices affurded much pleasure to (he congre]{B- 
tion nMembled. 



Rev. Q. Daties of HiiTcrfotriwtst, and 
Stepney College, haiiliB receired a cordial 
and unanimoua inntatlon of the BapliM 

charch in [hU dly to berome its paatol, hai 
acce[ited it and commenced hla Ubourt with 
pleaung pmpecti of utefalneai. 



c&swnur^ 
n« Rer. W. Evaua lale of Beckingtoo, 
laria; accepted the coidial and unanimoua 
■ritation of the church at Crewlietiie to the 
fMlaiat^ commenced his itated duliei in 
AsHown OB the aeoHid aabbath in December, 



On Monday, Deoembpr 2Gth, 1H53, Mr.T. 
D. Jone^ late of Korton Collegii, Urndrord, 
■«■ onlained peitoi of the Englinh ba|>list 
chaich in the town of Pembroke. Memn. 
Dane* of M^irlen, Hoigiin and Thomas of 
Pembcoke Dock, lUea of Amolda Hill, and 
Jane* of Llanelly, took part in the KiTices. 



On TueidBy,December27tli,M.G, While- 
head wa« ordalacd to the pmtoral office at 
the new chapel nt Shollcy Bridge, after 
Ubonring with acceptance for the tpxce of 
nine monthL The Re*. II. Chtinlopher of 
Bowden, near Mnncherter, comnenced with 
dcTMiannl eierciiea. Rev. J. D. Currick of 
:4oith ^hivtde elucidated the canititutioii of 
1 Chnitian church, asked the usuul cjuotioiie, 
ind offered the ordination piaycr. Rev. T. 
Potlcnger of Mewcaalle gaie the charge )a 
Ibe paMoT, the Re*. J. Uavii of Newcnstie 
deliicred an eanieat cfaaiije lo the church 
tod congregation on ilg individual nnd col- 
lective leaponiibililiee, &c., the psstoT closing 
lb* MTvice. 



The Rev. Charles Shakipeart, late of 
St. Aiden's Episcopal College, aod of Edm- 
biirgh, ha* aceepled the charge of the oongra- 
gatioD worshiping in the chapel on the eatale 
of S. M. Puto, Esq., M.F., SomerleytOD, 
Sudtiik, and entered on his duties. 



The members of the Young Men's Mutual 
Impravemcnt Asaodation, in connection with 
George Street chapel, held n tea meeting in 
the long-room of the Mechanic^ Institute, 
Hull, on Thursday evening, Dec. 29, to give 
(he friends of the Rei. \V. J. Btu^rt an 
opportunity of meeting him and hearing a 
parting addms prior lo his leaving the town. 
The room was well filled. Many neighbour- 
ing minisluiB were preient and took part in 
the engagements uf the evening. After 
others bad spoken Mr, Stuart addressed the 
meeting in a solemn manner and with 
considerable emolion. He goes to take the 
oversight of the baptist churches at Loscoe 
and Swanwick, Dtrbyihire. 



On the 37th of December, 18S3, Mr, John 
0««a,ortheHafetAird West baptist academy, 
«M tecngnised as eo-paator with Mr. Timnth/ 
AgM^ Kb» Minted tbp Inlmductorx 



Tha Rev. W. J. Stuart, luteof Ilull.eiitcred 
jon the jiBStoratc of tile bajitisl churches of 
the above villages on the 1st of Jaimnry, 
IH.^i. The event was commemorated by 
tea meeting! at both places on the cveningii 
of January 2nd and llth. At Svcanwick, 

I January 9th, upwards of two hundred 

I persona sat down to tea. The public meet- 
ing having been opened by prayer by the 

I Rev. E. Davics of Ki.tdings, 1). Ilaslam, 
Esq., was very cordially nnd unanimously 

I rei|uested to prenide. Interesting and appro- 

I priale addrewcs were then delivered by H. 
Keaiwin, Esq., Heanor ; Mr. Millward, nnd 

! the BevB. T. Colledge, independent, Rid- 
.lings ; W. Grty, general bnptirt, Ripley; T. 
LoniHS, Leiecater, anil's. 3. a*.u»tt, "^A- 

/ wilhttandiDg the unhTi»xTa.>i\« italt vA ftw 



108 



HOME INTELLIGENCE. 



weather, the meeting was jtrj numerously 
attended, and the kindest interest was mani- 
fested in the settlement and success of the 
pastor elect. 

TRIKITT ROAD CHAPEL, IIAUFAX. 

On Lord^s day January, Ist, the second 
baptist church, Hali&x, which [has hitherto 
worshipped in the Horton Street Rooms, 
took possession of the spacious school 
room underneath the new place of worship 
in Trinity Road, when two sermons were 
preached by the pastor, the Rev. W. Walters, 
and collections made on behalf of the sabbath 
school. On the following Tuesday evening 
n public meeting was held in connection with 
the opening services. The pastor presided, 
and valuablo addresses were delivered by 
Messrs. Dowson and Green, of Bradford, 
Stock of Salendine Nook, Cecil (independent), 
of Bramley Lane, and Howard (new con- 
nexion methodist), of Halifax. The friends 
rejoice in the increased accommodation afford- 
ed by this removal, as their former meeting 
place had become far too small. They now 
look forward with desire to the completion 
of their chapel. 



IRVINE, SCOTLAKD. 

The Rev. Robert Johnson, of Glasgow 
(formerly of Beverly) having accepted the 
pastorate of the baptist church at Irvine, was 
publicly recognized on the first Tuesday in 
January. One of the deacons, VV. N. 
Garrett, Esq. (grandson of Robert Raikes, 
the philanthropist), gave an interesting 
account of tho origin of the church, as 
formed4mder the ministry of the Rev. George 
Barclay, .exactly fifty years ago. The Rev. 
Dr. Hoby of London delivered an appro- 
priate address on the nature of the Christian 
church in genera], and the tokens of divine 
goodness towards this church in particular 
during half a centuary, more especially during 
the long and laborious ministry of its vene- 
rable founder. The Rev. Dr. James Paterson 
of Glasgow followed in an address, which 
produced a deep impression on the audience; 
his subject was the mutual duties of pastor 
and people. The Rev. Robert Weir of 
Glasgow concluded with some striking remarks 
on brotherly love and the discipline of the 
church. 



GREAT TORRINOTOV. 

At the annual tea meeting, January 2nd, 
1854, held in connection with the baptist 
chapel. Great Torrington, the Rev. D. Thomp- 
son was presented with a purse containing 
twenty guineas as a token of gratitude for 
ministerial and other labours. Mr. Belman, 
IB making the pre9eBt»tion,8tdd, " Dear friend 



and pastor, we esteem it a great privilege fo 
offer you most respectfully the thanks of many 
friends, with our own, for the efforts 'yoa haTB 
made and are making for the moral and 
spiritual good of those around you; more 
particularly for your instructive and interest- 
ing lectures: and as a memorial of gratitude, 
b^ to offer you a purse containing twenty 
guineas, with the united good wishes of the 
contributors, that you and your family may 
enjoy y'^under God's blessing, a happy new 
year." The meeting, which was one of great 
interest, was addressed by the pastor, Mears. 
Ward, Veysey, Chappie, and Beer. Several 
brethren engaged in prayer. 



PEESCOT STREEr, LOVnON. 

On the 2nd of January, 1854, the mem- 
bers of the church meeting in Little Presoot 
Street were holding their annual church 
meeting with great comfort, and rejoicing in 
the mercy which God had shown to them in 
their trials. No idea of danger was realized 
by any one, either ^then or afterwards, until 
the evening of Saturday the 7tb, when the 
ceiling fell, breaking the pews, the top of the 
oak table in the table pew, and covering 
many of the seats with mortar. Had this 
event occurred ten minutes before, the ser- 
vant, who was performing her duties on the 
spot, would have been killed. If it had 
occurred on the 2nd, or on Lord's day the 
8th, not less then twenty lives of our brethren 
and sisters must have been destroyed. Under 
this augmentation of their trial the brethren 
desire the sympathy and prayers of the 
churches in their behalf. 



TH0N0*S BRIDGE, HOLMFIBTH, TORKSHIRE. 

A new chapel capable of seating about two 
hundred people, and placed by the liberality 
of its owner at the service of the baptist 
denomination, was opened at this village on 
Wednesday the 4th of January. Two ser- 
mons were preached ; that in the afternoon 
by the Rev. J. Stock of Salendine Nook, and 
that in the evening by the Rev. W. Walters 
of Halifax. The Rev.'T. Thomas of Mcltham 
and the Rev. J. Barker of Lockwood con- 
ducted the devotional engagements. At 
Mr. Beaumont the proprietor has built the 
house as a thank-offering to God for success 
in business, and with the hope that it may be 
made a blessing to the neighbourhood, he has 
defrayed the entire cost of its erection. 

Are there not many Christain merchants 
who might go and do likewise I 



BIRIHNOHAM. 



At the annual meeting of members of the 
baptist church. Cannon Street, Birmingham, 
January 9th and 10th, the Rev. T. Swan in 
the cliaiT,addtctses were delivered by the Rev. 



HOME INTELLIGENCE. 



109 



W. Stokes» wcretary of the London Peace 
Sodetjf the ReT. T. Hands, late miMionaiy 
te the island of Jamaica, both of whom are 
nanben of the church. The occasion 
toiTed more than ordinary interest from the 
fJKt that the Her. T. Swan had just com- 
pleted the twenty-fifth ^'ear of his pastorate. 
hi a memorial of this eTent, Mr. J. W. 
SltoweUy senior deacon and secretary, had 
fRpared a manuscript history of the church 
soee its commencement in 1737, including 
isttf erting accounts of the progress and pre- 
Rst state of the church, a list of the various 
piitors, deacons, and trustees, who have sus- 
tmed office ; a catalogue of the collections 
Ttdch have taken place and the amount 
collected ; the number of baptisms by the 
KTcml pastors ; the names and dates of 
■onbers removed by death, with biographi- 
al Bodoea, &c; The first body of particular 
kiptata in Birmingham asMmbled for wor- 
riiip in a house at the back of High Street. 
The chapel was enlarged in 1780, and 
nbdlt daring the miniirftry of the Rev. T. 
lloigan. I^ere have been nine pastors. 
When Mr. Pearce was chosen in 1790, the 
nmber of members vras 242, and during his 
ainirtry there were added 325. Mr. Morgan 
haptiied or received by dismission from other 
baptist churches 240 persons, and the acces- 
■on during Mr. Birt's pastorate of about ten 
years was 438. Mr. Swan entered upon his 
pastoral office in January, 1829, and since 
that period 1140 members have been added. 
The present number of members, including 
those residing at the village stations, is 738. 



princes' risborocoh, bucks. 

On the 28th September, the Rev. J. B. 
Blackmore was publicly ordained as pastor 
of the baptist church here. The Rev. J. J. 
Brown of Reading described the nature of a 
Christian church. The Rev. P. Tyler of 
H«idenham, proposed the usual questions, 
sod the Rev. I>r. Angus, president of Stepney 
College, delivered the chaige to the ordained. 
In the afternoon there was a genenil meeting 
St which several of the neighbouring ministers 
delivered addresses, and in the evening the 
IBbev. Dr. Godwin preached to the church and 
congreg a tion. The chapel has lately under- 
gone a thorough cleaning and repairing at an 
apense of about £ 1 50. The proceeds of the 
collection that were made nt the end of each 
Mrvioe, and of the public dinner amounted to 
£^, This, together with £50 previously 
obtained clears oflf nearly half the debt. It is 
to be hoped that the church may be freed 
from such a burden by the speedy liquidation 
of the remainder. 



RECENT DEATHS. 

JOBM WALXPEN, SEN. ESQ* 

0BtlMS8tlid»/'^ila/> dIedUr, Walk- 1 
rat, XTa,r^99vaxa $mmik3. 



den, of 12, Groivenor PUice, Camberwell, and 
of Lawrence Lane, Chcnpside, London. 

For fifty years, at the time of his death, 
Mr. Walkden bad been an honourable 
member of the baptist church in Church 
Street, Blackfriars Road, and for the last 
thirty -six years of that period he had sus- 
tained the office of deacon. It may be truly 
said of him that he performed " the office of 
deacon well and purchased to himself a good 
degree.'' His memory is fragrant in the 
church. His brethren in office who survive 
him fpeak of him as ''hanng afforded 
valuable aid by the exercise of his experienced 
judgment on all questions of importance and 
difficulty." Indeed Mr. Walkden*s natural 
disposition well qualified j him for such a 
position, for the prominent features of his 
character unaffectedly were benignity, pru- 
dence, and integrity, to which may be added 
devout piety, and a complacency for all that 
was good, amiable, and useful. Those 
brethren also bear witness to ^ the pleasure 
they always felt in meeting him, for delibera- 
tion and council on xill matters affecting the 
church." 

In the early part of his life Mr. Walkden 
was much among the Wesleyans, and he 
frequently spoke of that society with peculiar 
interest and respect, as *'mo8t useful in 
awakening to an early conviction." Mr. 
Walkden's education and very early training 
were conducted with singular prudence and 
care; and it was the happiness of his youth 
as well to be cast among a people of earnest 
and healthy piety, as well as of high respect- 
ability. In the yeiir 1821, the writer of these 
lines was introduced by Mr. Walkden 
to the friendly acquaintance of some of those 
Christian friends, then rather advanced in 
life: they were plain business like persons, 
but of sul»tantial worth. They commanded 
a wide and solid influence, and were deemed 
" the very soul of honour." 

At the age of nineteen, Mr. Walkden left 
the north of England and settled in London. 
In the metropolis, where a new world pre- 
sented itself, all was brilliant, delightful, and 
fascinating to the young stranger. *< But 
though highly interested with all he saw, he 
had the good sense to remember that he 
must, in order to enjoy what surrounded him, 
diligently pursue the line of duty marked out 
for him ** by his judicious friends. Mr. 
Walkden remained as one of the same firm 
on which he first entered until he commenced 
business for himself at Lawrence Lane, 
Cheapside. There a gracious providence 
prospered his efforts and crowned them with 
much success. 

Mr. Walkden was twice married. In a 
little more than two years after his first 
marriage, he was left with two infant children 
in bereavement. To his second d^r, excel- 
lent, and surviving parltieT Y\o 'wql's MrnVfidi 
forty-four years, who waa (olon^lYie io\ac«)V\\« 



no HOME IhrnaJAQWOL 

oonfidMee «nd honour of hli homo. She i bo djitppoialod in hit hopo. Ho li? od imfil 
still reUins much of bor monUl vigour, the chapel woo ofoin well filled wkb beeien 
penonal energy, and cheerful, healthful mety; : and the church gieaftlj incroaaed under tfao 
while ehe ieeli the heavp tUroke of her j laboura of the pment eneigetie minSrter, 
bereavement, iihe can bow down to the dispen- i Mr. Hranch. During thie Laog trial of bii 
sation with pious complacency at the same I patience, submiision, and fiuth, Mr. Walk- 
tioM that she blesses the memory of departed ' den's steady principle sustained him and 
worth. Two sons and one daughter survive - carried him through, and since his daath 
their &ther to inherit the blessings of bis proof enough is manifiest of his identity with 
pious example and care, as well as the fruits ' the cause at Chureh Street by hia be qn esti 
of bis industry, integrity, ^skill, and per- ; to its institutions. 

severance. i Mr. Walkden's long and valuable life wis 

Mr. Walkden's religion was of a fOund, < one of almost uninterrupted health, so that 
deep, and solid character. His prayers gave his last long distressing illneas was thereby 
the best expression of the tone and complex- ; rendered by contrast the more trying and 
ion of his mind and soul (how solemn, irksomo, and called for greater self-command 
calm, yet earnest), and left it impressed upon ' and for the especial exercises of the divine 
the observer's mind that there was a striking graces to bear up under it with equannsity. 

'He suffered under bronchial disease, which 



resemblance between the tnn^r and 9uttr 

man. His first fiivourite preacheis in London gradually but with fatal steps brought him 

were the Rev. John Newton, of St. Mary to his end. 

Wolnoth, and the Rev. Mr. Gunn, an excel- ; ^_ 

lent clergyman. Hence it may be easily | 

ascertained what were the tone and grade of 



Mr. Walkden's religious sentiments. " His 
countenance would beam with delight when- 
ever he spoke of listening to those excellent 
ministers." About the beginning of the present 
century, Mr. Walkden became decidedly 
attached to the baptist denomination, and 
united with the church under the ministry of 
the Rev. James Upton, the scene and locality 
which continued for more than half a century 
to be the source of his greatest pleasure and 



lEV. B. PASSOXS. 



Died, November, 1853, Mr. Biebmnd 
Parsons, aged seventy-nine, pastor of thf 
baptist churoh at Whidbura, Conley, naar 
Warmuister, Wilts. 

He had preached salvation in this pteot 
for nearly fifty years, and succeeded under 
Grod, in raising the church containing at this 
time about fifty members; many more having 
been removed thence by providence and fay 
death. His departure was most peaceful and 



solicitude. From that period he became a { happy ; his soul confiding and rsrjoicing 
ftxod and settled man. His own church was ! in Christ whom he had long served in the 
his home, and he always regarded the dis- ; gospel. 

tinotive feature of his denomination m his The event was improved according to his 
honour, while at the same time he I request, in a sermon delivered by his neigh- 
cultivated a tender, warm, and expansive hour, Mr Shem Evans, to crowded congrega- 
sympathy with consistent godliness under , tions, both at Whidbum and at Westbury 
every name and .vpect. While Mr. Upton ' Leigh, near which place the deceased had 
lived the cause flourished. His bustling always lived. The text was long sinoe dioasn 
activity, evangelical strain of preaching, warm , by him as a father of a largo fiimily, vis. Oen. 
hosrt, good nature, and cheerful countenance xlviii. 15, 16, *' The God which led mo all 
kept the interest together, and alive. But ; my life long unto this day, the angel which 
after Mr. Upton's death it began to languish, ^ redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads." 
and under several successors it gradually ' He was a conscientious and attached niem« 
decayed; yet those gentlemen were by no I ber of the baptist denomination; a otmpleis 
means Mr. Upton's inferion in intellectual i m^ of this publication (the Baptist Magasiiic), 
power, erudition, or in sterling evangelical , has been left by him to his family. May his 
sentiment; quite the contrary,' but the count»> ' descendants realise the blessings be desired 
nance, the tones of voice, tho significant i in their behalf, 
nod, and the kind half spoken word of the long __ 

beloved minister were gone, and the prestige 

of Mr. Upton's name had vanished withal. ^^ i(»WB. BELL. 

The congregation it was found, had taken ' Mrs. Bell was a daughter of tho late Mr. 
wing, and the few who remain eil felt the i Michael Atkinson, and the wife of Mr. J. 
gloom of a deserted place. Mr. Walkden, as Bell, both of Newcastle. From an early ago 
senior dencon and treasurer of the church, | she was fiimiliar with divine worship and the 
saw and felt all this, with such emotions as i subject of religious impressions. Not till her 
maybe easily supposed. Yet he kept his ! twenty- first year, however, did she make a pro- 
post with a meek endurance, and with the j fession of her love to Christ; but in December, 
patience of hope be looked and prayed for | 1839, twenty-five persons were baptised in 
theretumof prosperity and for the time when i Tuthill Stairs chapel by Mr. Pengilly, and 
Ztoif should be Mgaia Avound, Nor ^as I oux dons fidend waa one of tbat numbtr. 






ROMS INTEIiLiaBirOE. 



Ill 



Inmedliitelj after tfaii open declaration of 
ittachment to the Kedeemer, she made her- 
self lueful in the distribution of tracts, until 
other dntica demanded her attentJoa. Week 
tfter week she went from house to house with 
htt ta es ec ngcr a of peace, and with^ all the 
■door of youthfnl piety. 

Two yean after her baptism she was mar- 
ried to her now heieafed husband, and five 
Tcaia ci domestic happiness ensaed ; but in 
tte Tear 1847, she had a seferc illness, and 
fv manr months her life trembled in the 
lalaace. Favoured with a good constitution, 
Md with the blearing of God upon medical 
treatment, she slowly recofered so far that 
Ae eould resnme the duties of her fhmily 
■Ml rerisit the house of God. Her system, 
however, bed recnved a shock which it never 
get over. Hopes and fears alternated until 
tfie antumn of hist year when the dark 
ibsdow of death began to cross her path, and 
admonished her to set her house in order. 
In the midst of her days surrounded with a 
devoted husband, young children, affectionate 
relatives, and a large circle of friends, she 
received the sentence of death in herMlf, and 
slie received it as became a child of God and 
in a spirit which did honour to divine grace. 
For a moment nature shrunk at the prospect 
ef separation from her beloved partner and 
children — it was only for a moment — and 
thcB religious principles ended the struggle 
and produced subaission to the will of God. 
Now began a series of moral triumphs such 
as can be seen in no other place than the 
chamber of the afflicted Christian, who enjoys 
the ** peace of God which passeth all under- 
standing.*' Resting upon the Rock of uges, 
feeling herself in the hands of him who 
ledccmed her with his own precious 
blood, and acknowledging his right to do 
what seemed good in his bii^ht, she was ena- 
bled to watch the decay of fier outward tene- 
ment without alarm, and to view with joy 
the approach of death. When slic found 
that her end drew near, she arranged her 
fimiily matters with n composure that sur- 
prised her friends, and to them she appeared 
like a person who anticipated a jouniey to 
some delightsome place, and who wished that 
etery thing might be found i-i order when 
the was gone. Having done this Hhe patiently 
settled down to wait for the coming of her 
Lord. 

Death came at last, and then she snid, 
' Pray fbr me that my faith fail not, and that 
it may soon be over." She was comfortetl 
with the words, "^Fear not, ixir I am with 
thee," and she repeated •• Fear not, fear not." 
**Dq you find the Saviour precious now r' 
is^iured one of her sisters, ** precious, pre- 
ciook,'* waa her answer. In the act of dyiujjf 
As Mid, ** O, pray fbr me, that I may be 
msUined, and that it mav not be lonp:." 
••k is well," or "all is well/' were her Utft 
vordsjaod tbocouffivt was over. "She vnif 



not, for God had tiOceo her." She had fiUlen 
asleep in Jesus, and finished her course 
November 29th, 1853. 



MRS. ATKINS02T. 

Sinee the preceding article waa writtati, 
Mrs. Atkinson of Newcastle, the mother of 
Mrs. Bell, has died in the fsith of Christ, in 
her eighty-first year, and the forty-riith of 
her membership with tho church now meeting 
in Bewick Street chapel. 



MRS. nuNT. 

Died on Wednesday, Dee. 1-lth, 1853, 
Susanna wife of Timothy Hunt one of the 
deacons of the baptist chapel, Woodstock, 
aged 64 years. For nearly fifty years she had 
maintained an honourable profession, having 
been baptized and joined the church at 
Westmancoat, Worcestershire in early life. 
In 180D, having united with her now bereaved 
husband, she removed to Worcester, and into 
communion with the church meeting in Silver 
Street. In 1819, in thcprovidenc of God she 
was brought to this place where she rejoiced 
over the rise of an infant cause, and also 
mourned its depression. For thirty-four years 
she has suffered greatly from epilepsy which 
gradually reduced her strength and greatly 
impaired her Acuities, but which she bore 
with Christian fortitude and resignation ; but 
the summons came and she has gone to behold 
the glories of her risen Saviour and join the 
multitude of those who hove washed their 
robed and made them white in the blood of 
the Lamb, and in the language of one of her 
favourite hymns to ** Crown him Lord of all." 



MRS. DAKIEL I).VVIES. 

This departed friend was the wife of the 
Rev. D. Da vies, Bethesda, Swansea. She 
was bom'in March, 1798. Her father, Mr. J, 
Morris, Fairy Grove, wasan intimate and a con- 
fidential friend of the Rev. Joseph Harris, 
Swansea, a name well known in Wales as 
being associated with the commencement of 
its periodical literature. lie also filled the 
office of deacon with great efficiency for many 
years at Old Back Lane. Mrs. Da vies was 
consequently favoured with a religious educa- 
tion, which is one of the greatest mercies any 
can enjoy in their youth. Through the 
influence of holy example and sacred instruc- 
tions, she became the subject of religious 
imprcsbions at a very early period. She 
attended the ministry of the Rev. J. Harris, 
hut joine<l the church after the settlement of 
the Rev. D. Davies. She yielded public 
obedience to the authority of Christ, February 
10th, 1827, and soon became a pattern lo all 
her associates, in meekness of spirit, Christiuu 
devotcdness, and reg\iV.\rit\ v>{ allewAxuK-o ow 
the means of grace. In the yew \\\^'i sW v?\\s 



112 



EDITORIAL P0BT8CBIFT. 



niarried to Mr. DaTie^ After this the duties 
of a wife and a mother claimed her time and 
attentioUp which were dischaiged by her with 
great faithfulneas and affection. She sought 
to bring up her ofbpring in the fear of the 
Lord, and had the gratification of seeing both 
her son and daughter surrendering themself es 
to the sceptre of Christ, and trei^ing in the 
path of Christian obedience preTious to her 
departure. Her death, which took place 
December 22th, 1853^ was sudden, but 
characterized bj those features which mark 
the death of the righteous, peaoefulness, 
resignation, and serenity. 

MRS. TOXLINSON. 

At the Mall, Waterford, 8uddenly,>ged 59, 
Mrs. Tomlinson, relict of the kite T. Tomlin- 
son, Esq., surgeon, Mill park. County Carlo w. 

Mrs. Tomlinson teems to have received the 
truth at a comparatively early period in con- 
nection with the established church, of which 
community she remained a member until 
about seven years ago. Shortly after 
her husband's decease ri^e went to reside in 
London, and finding it difficult to hear 
evangelical preaching in the churches of the 
metropolis to which she went, she was led to 
attend a baptist chapel at Walworth. She 
soon adopted baptist sentiments, was immer- 
sed, and became a member of the church 
then under the care of Mr. Moody, of whom 
she always spoke with esteem. 

After her return to Ireland in 1850, she 
worshipped and communed with the baptist 
church at Waterford. On Friday the 6:h of 
January, at two o'clock she was visited by 
her pastor, and then seemed to be in her 
usual state of health, but at seven that evening 
she died. Although Mrs. Tomlinson did not 
speak after she was attacked, her children 
and friends rejoice in a persuasion that she 
was prepared to enter into *'the rest which 
remaineth for the people of God." As a firiend 
and parent, Mrs. Tomlinson was uniformly 
warm-hearted, affectionate and kind. As a 
Cbristion she was strongly attached to what 
are called the doctrines of grace, and highly 
valued the services of the sanctuar}-. Her 
general deportment was consistent, and in 
some respects exemplary, but she always 
deeply felt her own unworthiness, and grate- 
fully acknowledged the truth, '* By grace are 
ye saved, through faith, and not that of your- 
selves, it is the gift of God." 



reaiB the secretary to the Particular 
Fund. 



XR. WILLIAM BAILSY. 

Died, on the 18th of January, after a short 
illness, Mr. William Bailey, of 33, King 
Street, Covent Garden, in the seventy-fourth 
year of his age. He had been a consistent 
and devoted member of the baptist church 
in Eagle Street, London, forty-three years, 
and a faithful and honourable deacon of the 
game for tbirt/'two yean^ and was for eight 



EDITORIAL POSTSCRIPT. 

A typographical error in our last number 
has occiuioned us great uneasiness. The fint 
page of the wrapper consists of two parts ; 
a part which remains unaltered fifom month to 
month , containing the border, the title, the 
pricey and some other words, and a part which 
IS constantly varying. The compositor has to 
alter regularly the name of the month, and 
the ' ' Contents." 1 n preparing for December, 
when double the usual quantity is givoi and 
double the usual price is charged, he had to 
take out from the top of the page the words^ 
** Price 6d.'' and subsUtute *' Price Is." In 
preparing for the January number, the words* 
*' Price 6d." should have been restored. 
Unhappily, in the haste arising from the 
necessity of completing the whole before the 
Christmas holidays, this was neglected. 
Price Is. therefore appeared as before. In 
consequence, as we are informed, some pur- 
chasers have been charged a shilling for the 
January ntmiber. Where this has been done, 
we hope that they will apply to the local 
booksellen to refund the ovcvcbarge^ as the 
booksellers have been charged no more than 
the usual price by tlie publishers. 

We learn that our friends at Eagle Street 
have determined to pull down their present 
place of worship, which has stood neariy a 
hundred and twenty years, and rebuild it, 
partly on the present site^ and partly on 
adjoining groimd which is the property of the 
church, so that the front will be in Kingsmill 
Street, and the building will be visible from 
Holbom. Wo wish them great success in 
this laudable undertaking. 

The Rev. Edward Howe, late minister of 
the Free Church of Scotland, to whose bap- 
tism we adverted in our last, requests ns to 
say that, having changed his residence, the 
letters of friends who desire his services 
should now be addressed to him at 78, Little 
Britain, St. Martin's-le-Grand. 

At the meeting of the proprieton held a 
few days ago for the distribution of the profits 
of the Baptist Magazine, they had the plea- 
sure to vote seventy-three pounds to thirty-six 
widows of ministers, the greater number of 
whom had been recipients before, though 
some had been only recently bereaved. The 
grants would have been larger and more 
numerous if all the ministers whose widows 
desire assistance had been equally anxious in 
their life time to promote tlie sale of the 
work ; but it is sometimes said by an appli- 
cant with great simplicity, ^ I never heard of 
the Baptist Magazine till smoe the death of 
my husband, and I rejoice to find that there 
is such a fund established froin which 1 may 
hope for aid." 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 



FEBRUARY, 1864. 



BANBRIDGE. 

It win be gratiffiiig to all oar read- 
ers, bat particularly to those who sent 
spedal oontribations to aBsist in the 
enlargement of the place of worship at 
Banbridge, to learn that not only has 
the chapel been opened with pleasing 
•ervioes, as described in the last Ghro- 
nidey bat the expense of the alteration 
entirely defrayed. '' Since I last wrote," 
■ays Mr. Bain, ** we have had a meeting 
of the deacons and principal members 
of the church, and had the building 
aoooant audited. We are clear of debt I 
I collected, including the Opening Col- 
lections, £184, and our outlay was £181 
18s. dd.** In a previous letter he says, ''It 
was pleasing to see all parties vieing 
with each other to render our opening 
serrices successful. It is the first time 
I have been able to test public opinion 
towards us, or knew how I stood in 
society. Four of the leading Belfast 

papers noticed our opening." 

" You will be gratified to learn that the 
Presbyterian minister of this town 
wishes me to have a united church 
prayer meeting on the^ first Monday 
eTening of the new year, to seek an 
outpouring of the Spirit, and a revival 
of religion in this locality. Surely the 
hand of the Lord is in this, as it has been 
over me all my life][,long. I have had 
s good deal of anxiety about our new 
house, but now it is finished, and I 
desire to ascribe all the glory to God." 
The case is the more pleasing, as the 
w<vk has been accomplished with com- 
ptiatively little aid from England, — 
aoiM at all from the funds of the So- 



ATHLONE. 

"I rejoice to inform you," says Mr. 
Berry, January 16th, ''that I bap- 
tized in one of the streams of the Shan- 
non yesterday, at mid-day, an intelligent 
Roman catholic. The banks contained 
a large congregation, many of whom 
were Roman catholics, and aU behaved 
with the greatest decorum : two other 
converts will soon follow. This is to 
me a great consolation, after all the 
persecution I have endured. . . It is very 
difi&cult here to get a suitable place for 
baptizing. The river near the towp, 
and in the town, is too deep ; and the 
ice yesterday on the stream was so 
thick it was with difficulty we could 
obtain a place. I wish you would 
advise me how I could get a vestry, 
pump, and baptistery at the chapel. I 
feel this the more, in proportion as I 
see prospects of frequently baptizing. 
The services yesterday in the chapel, 
and at the water, were very interesting 
and well attended." 

One of the schoolmasters at Athlone, 
who also acts as a reader, reviewing the 
general state of affairs, on the last day 
of December says : " During the past 
year we have bad much to contend with 
as a denomination in carrying out our 
distinctive principles, and those kind 
and benevolent objects contemplated by 
our Society for the moral, social, and 
spiritual improvement of the young and 
rising population of this ungodly and 
popish town and its vicinity; so that 
wo can truly say we had 'fightings 
without and fears within.' But He 
'who maketh the wrath of man tc^ 
praise him, and the lema^^x ^<^ 



114 



I&I8H CHBONICLK 



restrain,' has been pleased to oYerrule 
even these apparentlj untoward drcom- 
stances for good, so that many of onr 
protestant friends who hitherto have 
stood at a distance from us iare now 
beginning to appreciate our exertionB, 
and have lately given proof of their 
sympathy. 

^ And also among the Roman Catholics, 
now that the excitement caused by the 
Jesuits has considerably ceased, some 
few are ashamed of the hostility mani- 
fested by their spiritual guides, and 
several of the chUdren who attended 
the schools, as you are aware, have soli- 
cited admission again. 

*^ Lord, hasten the day when priestly 
despotism, superstition, and will-worship 
in Ireland will finally M before the 
preaching of the everlasting gospel of 
the blessed God, as the darkness of the 
^night before the rising sun. 

''This month, after school hours, in 
the evening, I have visited thirty-one 
lkmilie8,among whom were seventy-seven 
protestants and thirteen Romanists ; in 
each I spent from one to two hours, 
either in reading and explaining a por- 
tion of the inspired volume, scriptural 
and edifying conversation, or prayer. 
Many of these, from affliction, age, and 
infirmity, were unable to repair to any 
place of worship, and therefore stood in 
great need of religious instruction and 
oommiseration. One woman whom I 
often visited, and who had until lately 
been a member of the church of Rome, 
but by attending our chapel, and hearing 
the scriptures read, has been led, al- 
though threescore and ten, to see her- 
self a sinner and Christ Jesus the only 
Saviour. While frequently dwelling on 
the freeness and fulness of his salvation, 
she raised her poor emaciated hands in 
pnyer, saying, 'I trust in nothing 
ecEoept in the death and righteousness 
of my Redeemer for acceptance, not in 
either saint, angel, priest, or the viigin, 
wAa an^mi ahk to help themselves/ 



'^ I feel onfeignedly thankful for this 
remarkaUe instance of saving grace, 
and I trust can add in truth, 'Is not 
this a brand plucked from the burning,' 
even in the eleventh hour ? 

'* I am happy to be able to say that I 
hope my intercourse among the people in 
this place, not excepting Roman Catho- 
lics, is acceptable, as I earnestly endea- 
vour to cultivate a kind and eooeilia&g 
disposition to all to wluMn I have aooesi^ 
avoiding every topic that weald be calcu- 
lated to excite their ill-will and thereby 
prevent my usefulness, unless when ti^ 
statement of biUe truth is concerned. 
Nevertheless, I invariably keep the 
leading and essential doctrines of Chris- 
tianity in view, and constantly enforoe 
the imperative necesssity of repentanoe 
towards Qod and Cedth in Jesus, as the 
foundation of the sinner's hope." 

Another says, " We opened the night 
school last Monday evening. I hope it 
will prosper. I do assure you we are all 
very busy in this great work. There is 
a movement among many Roman Catho- 
lics in the town and suburbs." 



WATERFORD. 

Miss Crosbie, having been released 
from her previous occupations, has com- 
menced her labours in connection with 
this society. She writes, ** I feel thank- 
ful to say that I continue to be cordially 
welcomed by the people here, who seem 
to receive the truth as it is in Jesus as 
glad tidings." 



MR. W. J. WILSON. 

l%e three months for which Mr. 
Wilson was engaged by the Committee 
to labour in County Down have expired, 
and he has accepted an invitati<m to 
visit a destitute churdi in tiie nofth of 
England. 



ITBBBUABT, 1864. 



llfi 



Doiliig the time in which he has been 
in the Soctet/'B empby,. Hr. Wilion has 
preached firequentlT* at Neirtovmards 
and Conlig, and occasionallj at Belfast, 
The number of his hearers has varied 
considerably, but sometimes the attend- 
ance has been large. He has visited 
from house to house habitually, espe- 
cially in Kewtownards. 8ome of the 
conversations mentioned in his diary 
baiFe been interesting, and cherish the 
hope that good has been effected. ^ I 
was received by almost all,'' he says, 
*Siith civility and kindnsssy and asked by 
some, after our conversation, for Baptist 
tracts. I took the opportunity of 
speaking in almost every house of 
Christ, and him crucified, and pointed 
out belief in him as the only way of 
advation.'* 



BAMUKL WATSON, BSQ. 

The Society has sustained a loss by 
the removal to a better world of one of 
its oldest and firmest friends. After a^ 
very short illness, Mr. Watson expired 
on the 20th of January, in the seventy- 
sixth year of his age. He vras chosen a 
member of the Committee in the year 
1826 ; and from that time to this, his 
attendance has been regular, and his 
integrity, good sense, and urbanity 
have rendered him a valuable coadjutor. 
He was present at the last meeting of 
the Committee a few days before his 
decease. May others be raised to serve 
the Lord Jesus in the various depart- 
ments of usefulness in which he was 
employed, in the same spirit ! 



CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED SINCE OUR LAST. 



£ t. d. £ f. 
Bcanlien, Hants, Rer. J. B. Bart 10 

Colleeiioap br th« B«7. Q. Wright ... ti fi 
Chelsea, br lbs jUr. T. J. Cole- 
Cole, Rer. T. J 10 

Vine^ MUa 10 

CoUectlon 2 10 

3 10 

Colefofd, br th« Rer. John Penn/— 

BAtteo, Mr... 10 

Htrbcrt, Mr 10 

Locke. Mr 2 8 

Nicholas. Mr 3 S^ 

Pennj. Rer. J 10 

RoMer, Mr 2 

Teagne, Mr 10 

TU^DM, Mn. ff 

ThofDM* Mr. 10 

Trotter, Mr. T. B 10 

Trotter, Mr. J 10 

Trotter, Miss 5 

Boxes 1 16 8^ 

6 15 

CoUhighain, Mr. NiehoU i 

9«odsiiaw, bj Ber. J. Jsffsrsiw— 

Friends I 

IpMwich, Stoke Green, by the Rer. J. Webb— 

Collect ion at Stoke Oreen ... 8 11 
Subscriptions— 

Cowell, Mr. S. H 110 

Daiues, Mr 5 

Ererett, Mr. J. D 10 

Friend, A 2 

Hmraa. Mr. John 18 

Hut, Mr. a 5 

Ooodlnc. Mi. Jeremiah 10 

Ltesj.Mr. 110 

I>o.,dBBnUoo 10 

Nere, Mr 10 

fikeet, Mr. R. ••.••••«... 10 6 

Snith, Mr. B. ,„,,„^,,,>^.„ 0^0 



d. 









Thompson, Mr. R. 10 8 

Webb, J 5 

Boxes— 

Webb. MiM Bmilj 2 8 

Cards- 
Adams. H 18 

Bird, Master, F 14 fl 

Boar, Mies 8 6 

Cooper, Master Tbomss ... 11 

Ererett, Miss 11 

Ooodebild, Master W 12 8 

PulBford, Mrs 1 12 8 

Skeet. Mr. R., Jun 1 12 10 

Ward, Mrs 2 6 

18 10 2 

Otley, Mr. Alfred Catt 10 



Leicester, bj R. Harris, Jan., Esq.— 

Benles. Mr. John 10 

Fielding, Mr* 10 

Harris, Mr. J. D 1 1 

Harris, R., Esq 2 2 

Harris, B.. Jan., Esq. 3 8 

Ix>mas, Rer. T 5 

Paddy, Mr. R 10 



19 2 













Collection 5 10 



14 
Leicester, B. 1 

London — 

Benbam, J. L., Esq 110 

Bligh, S. S.. Esq 110 

Cartwrigbt, R., Esq 1 1 

Ooodings, William, Jan., Esq. 1 1 

Oamey, W. B., Esq. 2 2 

Gumey, Joseph, Esq 2 2 

Gnrney, Thomas. Esq 110 

Hepburn. Thomas, Esq 110 

Ivimey, Joseph, Esq 110 

. jAcobsoo. MiM „... 110 

/ Kitaoo, George, Eiq^., „.«,.. 110 








116 



IRISH CHBONIOLE. 



£ t. d, £ », d, 
McDoiuJd, Mn., DiTid«nd 

bj 8. WaUod, Baq- 6 15 

OliTer, Mr. Jamet 110 

Rodmajne, D., Eaq 110 

» 10 

Lnton, bj Rer. J. J. Dariefl — 

Ck>llectlon 6 13 6 

Nottinghaim, bj R«t. W. B. Sterenson — 

A Friend, for «cAoo2«. ff 

Paddington, R«t. W. A. Blak« 10 

Sheffleld, by Mr P. E. Smith— 

Collection at Townhead Street 3 5 3 

Shipaton on Stonr — 

Mr. J. L. Stanley 10 « 

St. Albana, bj ReT. W. Upton 7 19 

Peppercorn, Mr 1 

Whltbread, Mr. 110 

Wilee, Mr. K. 8 10 

WUe«, Mrs 5 

WUea, Mr. J 5 

Collection 4 18 

8 9 

Wallingford— 

AUen,Mrs 5 

Dariet, Mr. Jamea 10 

Dariee, Mrs 2 

MarshaU, J. H., Eiq 10 6 

Oldham, Mr. J., Jon. 5 



£ ». d. £ ». d. 

Scorey, 0., Baq 1 10 

T]nM, Mr. Carey 5 

Wella, E., Eaq ^ 110 

Colleetiona 8 15 7 

11 4 7 

Westbory, WilU, ReT. Shem Erani 5 

SCOTLAND. 

Aberdeen— 

CoUecUouby Mr. J. McDonald 4 5 

IRELAND. 

Banbridge. by Rer. T. D. Bain 4 

Conlig, by the Rer. J. Brown- 
Brown, Ber. J 10 

Proceeds of Sewing Class ... 1 6 1} 

Collection 2 11 

4 T 7i 

Waterford, by the Rer. T. Wllshere— 

Scroder, Mr. C, additional 10 

LEGACIES. 

Mrs Maria Hoke, late of North Core 
near Beccles, XlOO, leas Daty and 
Expenses 89 10 

Mr. James Donelly, late of Woodborough 
near Southwell ; Notts, by Mr. Thomas 
Donelly 8 



The thanks of the Committee are due to the ladies of the Drawing Room Society, 
Camberwell, for a parcel of children's clothes to be forwarded to the Rer. T. Beny, Athlone. 

Thanks are due also to the ladies of the Irish Working Society, connected with the Rer. 
C. Kirtland'ft congregation at Canterbury for a box of clothingi including a parcel for Mr. 
Booth of Grashill near Portarlington. 



ERRATUM. 

One pound from Miss Davey inserted in our last aafrom Waterford, was a subscription it 
appears /or Waterford, which the Rer. T. Wllshere had requested us to acknowledge. 



The Secretary is always glad to receive for distribution in Ireland articles of apparel either 
for male or female use. At this season of the year, with the prevalence of distress through- 
out the island of which our letters inform us, such donations will be specially acceptable. 
He wishes also for books suitable to assist in the formation of congregational libraries. 



•The Annual Reports for this year hare been sent out ; but if any subscribers have not 
rdoeived them, they will be forwarded on application to the Secretary. CoUeeting Gaidsand 
Boxes may also be had in the same manner. 



Contributions to the Baptist Irish Society which hare been received on or before the 20th 
of the month, are acknowledged in the ensuing Chronicle. If, at any time, a donor finds 
that a sum which he forwarded early enough to be mentioned is not specified, or is not 
inserted correctly, the Secretary will be particularly obliged by a note to that effect, as 
thifl^ if sent immediately, may rectify errors and prevent losses which would be otherwise 
irremediable. 



SUBSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS will be thankfully received by the Treasurer, 
Thomas Pbwtbess, Esq., or the Secretary, the Rev. William Gboseb, at the Mission 
House, 33, Moorgate Street ; by the London Collector, Rev. C. Woollacott, 4, Compton 
Street East, Brunswick Square; and by the Baptist Ministers in any of our principal Towns, 



JOEM HADVOM AKO SON, PBINT4ES, CAffTLa «tKKR, TlKiaUHT. 



lib 



THE MISSIONARY HERALD 



EARLY BENGALI TRACTS .♦ 



It is interesting to observe the change 
which has taken place in the views of 
the East India Grovcmment with respect 
to the dissemination of Christianity in 
India. If now the principle adhered to is 
that of neutrality, in the year 1806 the 
greatest fears were expressed and aetcd 
upon. The prejudioet of the nfttttee, 
their religious rites, their feelitagl, it 
was said, were ottMgKi by the ll&b- 
sionaries, and thd |^tk)iiUoil WAI 
seriously made to ih^ (^mptay that 
every English mllsioiUury should h^ 
recalled, and its senmUti be pn^ibittd 
from giving the IsMt BlliBtanoe to Ul« 
translation of the soripttlree. Oh thtt 
2r)th of August, 160B» Carey WM iti- 
formed by a justiee of the peace of tho 
desire of the govemmftiit that hO WOOld 
neither preach to tho kiatittM, WHt dis- 
tribute books or pamphlets among 
them. These WOM hoavy tidings. With 
afull heart he rottlHked to his ^Mgaes 
late at night. Awtf Martin^ wbo was 
then lodging iii tho pagoda At Aldoon, 
was aroused by Marshmaii) and told 
the news. No Wonder that siee]^ fled 
from him. It seemed as if all |their 
hopes and pra^tM Were doomed to dis- 
appointment BtUi they want forward. 
Were they not the tiord*S servants, and 
bound to do lus bidding, thou^ man 
should forbid t 

At this juncture an event happened^ 
which at first bore ominously on their 
future prospects : bat which in the pro- 
vidence of God turned out tathtti^ to the 
furtherance of the gospeL A Bengali 
tract had been translated into Persian 
by a native, and printed without being 
first inspected by the missionariaii The 
translator had thought ^ropiM^ tb stig- 

* For a previonB paper on thil ittVi^li Me Mis- 
■lonuy Herald for November, 1853. At ^ief fkcU 
referred to are taken from an excellent digest on 
BengaU Tract Distribution by the Rev. C. B. Levis 
of Calentta. 



matize Mahomed as a ** tyrant,*' and 
other the like epithets. A copy having 
been placed in the hands of an officer of 
government, it was taken up in a 
serious manner. The press was ordered 
to Calcutta, and proceedings were com- 
menced which threatened ruin to the 
ndssion and great injury to the cause 
of Christianity in India. The explana- 
tions of the missionaries were, however, 
deemed satisfactory, and the most 
serious part of the proceedings was 
stayed. But the missionaries were re- 
quired, before printing any tracts, to 
lubmit them to the inspection of the 
government. Two of those already 
printed were deemed objectionable, but 
the rest were passed. As the dispersion 
Of pamphlets in the Company's domi- 
hions was recognized in the letters of 
revocation, the missionaries felt they 
could go forward in the work of distri- 
bution with more than their former 
confidence. ] 

While these events were passing in 
India, the powerful pen of Fuller was 
vindicating the mission and the proce- 
dure of the missionaries, in England. 
The enemies of the truth were baffled, 
and in the renewal of the charter in 
1613, more liberal views prevailed. 
Since then the word of the Lord has 
had free course in the plains of India, 
and the government has shown a desire 
to foster those exertions which once 
they attempted to destroy. 

Among the early missionaries en- 
gaged in the distribution and author- 
ship of tracts, the name of Chamberlain 
holds a high place. In his extensive 
itineracies he circulated Bengali tracts 
in vast numbers, and his journals con- 
tain numerous notices of the interest 
and inquiries excited by them. He would 
gather round him crowds of hearers, 
and either recite or read to them the 
metrical poems of Bam Basa and Pe- 



ntc Terse, for the use of schooli, 
Atta'a Catechiams, besides corn- 
other metrical pieces. A large 
laable piece in Hindnstani verse 
ititled "The Qoapel Messenger," 
^pe»TS to have hkd its origin in 
et of Ram Basn <Hi the same sub- 

j other Christian books and 
were published in Bengali at 
MWe. The greatest activity pre- 
bi the preparation and distribu' 
fiometimea scriptural truths or 
M formed the sabjecta of them. 
lien the folly of idolatry was 
t oat, lbs oriminaltty of wonhip- 
igwuuth was deolared, the absurd 
I oi Hinduism were exposed, or 
BMdnesa of a Christian lifb was 
ited in a Chrittian'e death, 
few of these eariy papers now 
. Of aome of them not a single 
I known to exist. Hi. Ward's 
rhitA was the means of Petum- 
igh's oonTersion, is only known 
^ish, and Petumber's own tract 
entirely lost. No exact account 
1 to hate been kept of the num- 



and eagerly read." 

From the year ISIB, the missionaries 
of other Borieties entered zealously into 
the work, and the baptist missionaries 
in Calcutta employed their newly 
formed press in the printing of the 
olive leaves of peace and aalvation. 
Among the writers we find the names 
of EllertoD, Townley, Lawson, £. Carey, 
and W. H. Pearce. The aggregate 
number of copies was 33,000 in that 
year. The followiog years saw constant 
accMsioni to the list, till the labours of 
all the various misaionaries in Calcutta 
were united in the Calcutta Religious 
Tract Society, which was formed in 
1823. To its funds both the London 
and Baptist Missionary Societies contri- 
buted a donation of £dO each, and 
transferred to its depositary the tracts 
they had in stock. The Serampore mis- 
sionaries, however, continued till thnr 
reanion with the Society to print thdr 

It will hare been observed that a very 
considerable number of the tnets 
referred to, were poetical compositions. 
The Hindu mind seems to delight in 



120 



THE MISSIONABY HERALD 



1 



serve the Bpiiit of the poem. Oar first 
extract relates to the value of the 
Scriptures. 

In other books is no saltation found, 

Customs and ceremonies there abound. 

Hindus and Mussuhnans their shasters boast ; 

These we hare well examined, but, at most. 

They're children's stories — falsehood in dis- 
guise ; 

The news of mercy 'nowhere in them lies. 

Such shasters we have formerly possessed. 

But the Great Shaster found,Ve threw away 
the rest 

This great and holy Shaster's the Good 
Word; 

In this alone is full redemption stored. 

Then follows a declaration of the 
divine anger against all sin and its 
adherents, with a proclamation of the 
divine mercy in Jesus Christ. 

The helpless sinner's friend was our incarnate 

God! 
He, standing by his glorious Father's side. 
Himself distinct in glory, thus replied : — 
^ 1 will be bom on earth for sinners' sake, 
*' And all sin's torment on myself will take. 
** The souls who come and put their trust in 

me, 
" Wilt thou from condemnation set them 

free I " 
The Father says, *' I will ; my promise this, 
"Thy followers 1*11 forgive, and bring to 

heavenly bliss." 
The Lord incarnate now appeared on earth ; 
Angels and shepherds hailed the Saviour's 

birth; 
Incarnate Jesus Christ, the name He bore, 
And numerous miracles attest his power ; 
To accomplish all the holy prophecies, 
He, by the hand of his own nation dies. 
'Midst various torments he resigns his breath. 
But the third day he triumphs over death. 
Rising, he forty days on earth remained ; 
And truths important he to men explained. 
He in his Father's presence now abides, 
And those who trust in him to glory guides ; 
Hoping in Him, on earth whoever dies 
Are then received to bliss above the skies. 



The widespread influence of the^pte* 
cious book in which this story of love ]« 
given is then referred ta It is read ii| 
many tongues, and spreads its saving 
light in many lands. The poem con- 
cludes ;— 

Now, Bengalees, in your tongue 'tis give% 
When printed off you'll see this gift eC 

heaven ; 
If, then, you feel indeed a imh to hear, 
Come, and with earnest mind, we'll it to yov 

declare. 

Such was the. kind of tracts which the 
early missionaries spread far and wide. 
Very many proofs were afforded them 
that their lahour was not in vain. Long 
journeys were undertaken by men in 
search of those from whom the tracts 
had come. They formed the text-boc^ 
of the native converts, from which to 
address their fellow countrymen on 
redeeming love. ''Our general me- 
thod,** says Mr. Marshman in 1803^ 
" whether walking or riding, is to carry 
papers in our hands ready to distribute 
to all we meet Thus : ' Friend can you 
read ? ' ' No.' ' Have you anybody in 
your family that can ? ' * No.' * Can any 
one in your village read V *Yes.' 'Then 
give him this paper, and let him read it 
to you. It tells you the way of salva- 
tion, how your sins can be forgiven, and 
how you can be happy after death.' The 
poor fellow receives it with astonish- 
ment ; and sometimes trembling with 
fear." 

The records of missions prove that 
many hundreds have thus received 
the word of life, and have thus been 
instructed in the ways of Gk)d. May 
many devoted men arise who will say 
with the noble-hearted Chamberlain : 
'' Give me bibles, tracts, and ability to 
speak the language more fluently ; then 
to distribute these, and to publish the 
glad tidings of salvation — a greater or 
more glorious work I do not desire." 



FOR FEBRUARY, IQ64. 



121 



THE EXILES OF MADEIRA. 



THE CONFLICT. 



Amoxo the notices of the Baptifit 
Mtasion in Trinidad daring the last two 
jears, there wiU be found some inter- 
esting details of the baptism and union 
to the church under the Rev. John 
Iiw of several natives of Madeira. 
These individuals are exiles, driven 
bom thdr homes by the persecution of 
tiw priests of Rome. It was about the 
year 1838 that Dr. Kalley, a pious 
pkysiciany then resident in Madeira 
from domestic trials, sought to impart 
to its superstitious and ignorant people 
a knowledge of the gospeL For few of 
tikem, though belonging to a church 
professing to be the spouse of Christ, 
knew the story of redemption, or that 
Hkt New Testament was written by men 
who had conversed with the Redeemer, 
md were witnesses of his deeds. 

An eager interest was shown by many 
to know more of the teachings of the 
scriptures, and a great desire sprang up 
among the people to be themselves able 
to read the sacred page. Many adults 
went to school to acquire the art of 
reading, till in the year 1841 so widely 
had the movement spread, that orders 
were given by the government in Lisbon 
to suppress it. The expression of 
popular feeling, however, at that time 
prevented the execution of the inquisi- 
torial measures intended. 

The following year became especially 
marked by the increasing desire of the 
people. Large numbers came to Dr. 
KaUey's house to hear the scriptures 
read. They journeyed many miles for 
this purpose, climbing lofty mountains 
three thousand feet high to reach the 
solemn meeting. Deep were the emo- 
tions awakened as the servant of God 
read and spake of the wondrous 
love of Christ. For 'several montha 

m 

dariag the munmer of that year, not 



fewer than a thousand persons were 
present every sabbath, and sometimes 
the number would reach two, and even 
three thousand. "These meetings," 
says Dr. Kalley, "were held in the 
open air. During part of the time they 
were held on a ridge, having a deep, 
steep valley on the east, and another 
on the west, while the mountain rose 
almost perpendicularly to a great height 
on the south. The people sat in a clear 
space near the house — all around was 
covered with trees clustered with 
grapes. We had a few simple hymns, 
expressive of adoration, gratitude, and 
praise." This in a popish country ! 

The movement, spread. The word of 
God and its revelations, new to these 
benighted Romanists, was the topic of 
conversation everywhere. You might 
hear it talked of on the road. Passen- 
gers in streets were in earnest conver- 
sation about it. Here one would tell 
of the peace which faith in Christ 
imparted, while another would affirm 
the impotency of saints to save, and the 
folly of worshipping at their shrines. 
The hymns of the sabbath, echoing 
through the week in the fields and 

! vineyards, told where the songsters had 
been. 

But when were the priests of Rome 
ever favourable to such a work as this ? 
Their open hostility soon appeared. 
First they issued a pastoral, " in which 
the bible was declared to be 'a book 
from hell,' and the terrors of excom- 
munication were threatened against all 
who should dare to read it." Next to 
this came forth an order to the registrar 
of each parish, directing him to summon 
the teachers of Dr. KaUey's schools, and 
to charge them thenceforth to teach no 
more. Little, however, co\x\^ t\ii^ ot^« 

do to recall the "work alt^dy ««oom 



122 



THB MIS6I0NARI HBRALD 



pliahed. Between the years 1839 and | for biblesi but the room of I>r. Kallej, 

1845 about 2500 persons had attended 

the schools, and upwards of a thousand, 

between the ages of fifteen and thirty, 

had learned to read the scriptures. 
Two converts only at this time had 

renounced popery. They had joined 

the Presbyterian congregation at Fun- 

ohal. They were therefore excommu- 
nicated. Every person was forbidden 

to aid them. Fire, water, bread, the 

necessaries of life, were to be refused 

them. The " Holy Catholic Church " 

pronounced them rotten members, 

rebels, and under the curse of the Al- 
mighty. 
Dr. Kalley was next commanded by 

the governor, in the queen's name, to 

abstain from preaching and teaching. 

As this command was not sanctioned 

by the law, it was disregarded. The 

governor then issued a proclamation 

forbidding the people to hear Dr. Kal- 
ley, and every sabbath and holiday, 

police were stationed at the roads and 

at his doors, to turn back all who came. 
The zeal of the people, however, out- 
stripped the vigilance of the police, and 
long before their arrival, numbers flocked 
to the place of meeting, till at last the 
officers were there at four o'clock in the 
morning, if possible to be beforehand. 
Even this failed, for some of the people 
came on the Saturday night to the 
worship, and remained to enjoy the 
sabbath together. 

In July, 1843, Dr. Kalley was arrested 
and imprisoned, and was not released 
till the January following. His incar- 
ceration did not much impede the pro- 
gress of the truth. The law permitted 
the prisoner visits from his friends, and 



where a itore of them was kept, was 
left uninvaded, and the colporteurs 
continued to visit him for fresh supplies, 
which they took away and sold as before. 
On sabbaths from seventy to a hundred 
persons in small parties would enter hii 
prison, those remaining on the outside 
waiting their turn, patiently enduring 
the reproaches and the spitting lavished 
upon them by the passers by from the 
cathedral, which was near at hand* 

The next step of the popish eccle- 
siastics was to get rid of the bible. A 
piistoral was published, affirming that 
an examination of the version issued fay 
Dr. Kalley showed there was scarce^ 
a verse which was not adulterated. 
The reading of it was therefore ocav 
demned,and every popish pulpit sounded 
forth its condemnation, and proclaimed 
the criminality of those who procured 
or read it. Dr. Kalley immediately took 
measures to have the version, that of 
the Bible Society, compared with the 
translation of Pereira, which is a re- 
cognized version by the government of 
Portugal. They were found entirely to 
correspond. The publication of this 
agreement, while it sufficed to satisfy 
the people, only roused the ire of the 
priesthood, and several dignitaries were 
found foolish and wicked enough to 
publish a declaration, the falsehood ol 
which the slightest inspection proved, 
that the two versions were different, 
and that Dr. Kalley's bibles were notably 
adulterated. 

On his release. Dr. Kalley pursued 
his former course, and notwithstanding 
all the efforts of the police, the average 
attendance during summer at the meet- 



Funchal jail became the scene of the ings in Santo Antonio da Serra, was 



most interesting events. By threes the 
people, from six to eight hours daily, 
visited the prisoner. Bible reading and 
singing were at length forbidden, but 
words of life were abundantly spoken. 
The prison andpriBonerB were searched 



about six hundred on the Lord's day* 
and thirty on other evenings. It was 
at this time that the eye of the blood- 
thirsty persecutor was attracted to the 
zealous and holy life of Maria Joaquivia 
Alves. &\i« VIM ixoXcdBMA. tt^ta. ih^ 



irOB FBimUARY, 1854. 



183 



botom of hor funily of Mren ohildittn, 
mm wtiXL an infioit, and for many monthi 
lay in Fondial jaiL Her enemies hoped 
to oompel inhmiggion to their demands ; 
\ni her fidth was strong, it meekly bat 
innly. bore the test. Her persecutors 
rsnhrad that she should dia 

After an imprisonment of sixteen 
months^ she was brought before the 
sapirane court and charged with apos- 
tasy, heresy, and blasphemy. She was 
tsked the question, and her life hung on 
the reply, ^'Bo you believe the conse- 
snted host to be the real body, and real 
blood, and the human soul, and the 
iifinitjror Jesus Christ?'* Would she 
fsailf It was a moment of intense 
anxiety. ^Out of weakness made 
Strang,*' she calmly replied, " I do not 
kHeve iT." It was enough. The judge 
rose and pronounced the sentence of 
death. 

fhe sentence was, however, commuted 
into perpetual banishment, through the 
urgent representations of friends, and 
especially the powerful interference of 
Lnd Palmerston, then secretary of 
state. 

Dangers increased. Assassinations, 
taother Bartholomew massacre, were 
openly talked of and recommended. 
Solders were quartered in Dr. Kalley's 
house and its contents plundered. 



Twenty-two persons were seised and 
thrown into Funchal jail among thieves 
and murderers. Their homes were 
ravaged ; their relatives driven into 
hiding places; and food and clothing 
denied them. Even the poor con-, 
solation of singing hymns was forbid- 
den them. They were forcibly con- 
veyed to hear mass. In vain the sol- 
diers bade them kneel ; they would not 
even seem to participate in the idola- 
tries of Rome. If by main force com- 
pelled to bend their knees, the moment 
the pressure was removed they bounded 
up. For twenty months they endured 
every suffering that could be inflicted 
upon them, and then on their trial were 
acquitted. Hate followed them to the 
last. They were refused permission, 
though dedared innocent, to leave the 
jail till heavy fees were extracted fit>m 
them. 

The labours of Dr. Kalley were now 
intermitted. Finding that the English 
government would no longer protect 
him, although redress had been obtained 
for his false imprisonment, he gave the 
work into the hands of the Rev. W. H . 
Hamilton, under whose direction the 
exodus of the persecuted was accom- 
plished. Of this we propose briefly 
hereafter to speak. 



A FEW MORE WORDS ABOUT CHINA. 

The intelligence which has reached i those, who, from the first, felt satisfied 
this country since our last, confirms that some how, not then to be explained, 
Uie views we then expressed on the Christian truth was the moving cause 
erases and nature of the movement ' of the rt: volution. Even the outrages 
now going on in China. The specula- at Amoy and Shanghae, which were 
tions which ascribed it to Jesuitical cited as proofs of mistake on this ques- 
influence, or rejected the idea of a tion, now turn out, not to he the acts of 
Christian element being at the root of 
it, are clearly disproved. The uni- 
form tenor of communications from com- 
petent witnesses on the Bpot establishes 



the Tae Ping Wang party, but of mem- 
bers of the secret societies. Mr. Pierce, 
a Wesleyan naissionary at Canton writes, 
that these insurgents not oiA^ %\io^ xlo 



Aeogmuon sad oonfrma the hopes of/hostility to Christiana or lYvra doc\.v\Tvet^» 



184 



THE MISSIONAEY HBRALD 



bat even afford them protection. In 
these ^towns the missionaries continue 
to enjoy entire security^ and in one, 
they have placed a guard upon the 
premises] of the American missionaries, 
who have, under their protection, carried 
on their usual operations. 

In our previous number it was shown, 
by extracts from Mr. Roberts's letter, 
how the leaders of this grand movement 



Roberts. Thus, then, one important 
and deeply interesting &ct is established, 
that the individual who received Afa*8 
book, and aftemrards had much reli- 
gious instruction from Mr. Roberts, is 
the chief of the insurgent party. His 
hatred of images, and his condemnaticm 
of opium, are therefore considered mani- 
fest tokens of his sincerity, since 
these acts are opposed to the prgudioes 



became acquainted and impressed with j of the people, and would not be done 



religious truth. They are intellectually 
the most enlightened men of their age 
and nation. , Their pursuits were lite- 
rary, their habits those of observation. 
The government was founded on usur- 
pation, and was utterly corrupt. It was 
weak, cruel, and tyrannical. The 
highest oflSces of state were not be- 
stowed on those best fitted to fill them, 
but sold to the highest bidders. Conse- 
quently men of ability and virtue 
became its enemies, and when these 
men began their career of resistance to 
oppressors alike brutalized, debauched, 
and superstitious, they saw that it could 
be based on no principles more likely to 
lead to success, than the overthrow of 
idolatry, and the public denunciation 
of intemperance. No wonder, with 
their knowledge of Christianity, even 
though very imperfect, that they be- 
came image-breakers, destroyers of 
idolatrous temples, and avowed oppon- 
ents of indulgence in opium, placing 
that vice in the same category as adul 
tery. 

The bishop of Victoria delivered at 
Shanghae last October a charge to his 
clergy, and naturally dwelt, at consider- 
able length, on the Chinese revolution. 
We have not seen the document itself, 
but we learn that Dr. Smith, has for 
many years, been intimately acquainted 
with China and the Chinese. He spoke, 
therefore, from personal observation. 
He repeats the statement of the leaders' 
connection with Leang-afa in the first 
iDBtance, and subsequently with Mr. 



by a man who was not animated 
with a deep desire to work out a 
complete reformation of public morals. 
The leaders, by these proceedings, not 
only come^into conflict with the social 
customs of their countrymen, Cut run 
the risk of a collision with foreigners 
on questions of trade, whose good will 
they are most anxious to secure. Dr. 
Smith very forcibly exposes the un- 
reasonable expectations of those who 
condemn the notion' that a religious 
element gives the primary impulse to 
this movement, and who endeavour to 
establish their views by maintaining 
that, if it were so, they would act more 
in accordance with the spirit of the 
New Testament But we must bear 
in mind, that those men have no 
spiritual teachers. Their knowledge of 
Christianity is evidently more derived 
from the Old Testament than the New. 
They take their example from Joshua 
rather than from Jesus. To expect from 
them a perfect exhibition of the gentle 
virtues of the spirit of the gospel, is to 
measure them by too high a standard, 
and to apply the rules of well organized 
and long-instructed Christian communi- 
ties, to an immature state of religious 
knowledge. Indeed, it may be fairly 
questioned whether such a vast change, 
in such a community as the Chinese, 
could be effected by them if they were 
more advanced in Christian knowledge 
and experience. The Covenanters and 
Puritans acted much in .the same way, 
and on aml\ix pxmd\^«i^*> ^x^d^ making 



fOE FBBRUART, 18M. 



126 



ill dne allowanoe for the Baperior reli- 1 the garriflon assembled for prayer in the 
giooB advantages which our countrymen j various military guard houses, sung 
enjoyed, we do not see any very great i hymns and doxologies to the Trinity, 
difference between them and these ! all devoutly kneeling in prayer to the 



Chinese leaders. 

The following observations on their 
religious books and proclamations will 
be read with deep interest, especially 
cuming firom so high an authority as 
that we have already referred to. 

** Amid all the error^ the enthusiasm, 
the figmaticism, and the intolerance which 
are perceptible among them, they have 



Almighty. Strange, but most delightful 
facts, these. Ko marvel that a move- 
ment, based on such principles, and 
sustained by such religious feelings 
and habits, rapidly prospers, fi 

The writers of various communica- 
tions which have appeared in^the public 
prints of this country,'seem to be of one 
opinion as to the immediate fall of the 



given forth, in their public manifestoes Tartar dynasty ; and some of them 
to the reading population of China, ; think that it will not take^much time 



sentiments and views of moral and 



for the people to settle down under the 



rdigious truth, such as have never new rule. They show that the govern- 
before sounded in the ears of this peo- ment now tottering to its fall, instead 
pie. • . . The various styles of writing of being mild and paternal, which has 
observable in their books, and the extra- j often been asserted, is a government of 

oppression and cruelty, producing gene- 
ral misery and suffering ; a system of 
crimes has been the chief source of 
revenue : which facts alone would more 
than account for a general revolt. 
" China, under the Mantchoo rule, has 
filled up the measure of her iniquities." 
Some notice is taken, in the papers 
whence we have drawn these facts, of 
the pretensions, made by the leader of 
the revolt, to divine inspiration. There 
seems to be no great difficulty in ex- 
plaining this apparent anomaly. " Par- 
tially enlightened," says the prelate, ^ as 
to the Christian religion, and before he 
was even admitted to Christian bap- 
tism,^ he retired to his native district 
in the interior. The dreams of his 
excited brain during a period of sick- 
ness under which he laboured after his 
first acquaintance with Christianity, 
appear to have been mistaken for a per- 
sonal revelation from God." When 
there is no obvious purpose to deceive, 
when public acts run counter to popular 
prejudice, and great hazard and opposi- 



vagant pretensions proclaimed in some 
of their edicts, lead to the conclusion 
that probably two classes of Christian 
professors are to be found in the move- 
ment: sincere enthusiasts on the one 
hand, impelled by a conviction of their 
divine mission to extirpate false religion 
from the empire ; and political adven- 
turers on the other. . . . Many fiEicts, 
however^ which have been ascertained 
respecting them, exclude the supposition 
that such adherents as the latter class, 
form a general specimen of the religious 
character of the insurgents. The law- 
kfls rabble of members of the Triad 
Society, who have recently captured 
Shanghai and Amoy, are in no way to 
be confounded with the character and 
cause of Tae-ping-wang." 

From the same source we Icam that 
the insurgent forces in the city of Ching 
Keang kept the sabbath, but from an 
istronomical error in their calendar, 
the seventh day instead of the first, 
they held regular religious services, ap- 
pointed '^officers, who, like Cromwell's 
generals, preached to the troops ; and 

.1 ,. r ,.. jj • Our readers vill remember that Mr. Roberta 

the genoal ugns of morabtjr and order .^,„ ,„ j„ ^,^„, ^^^^ ,, pxtav^x^^.^vv. 
prtTMiha awoBg tbem. At daybreak / tui h. and hli brothw tetUui M*Yi «0i«. 



lU 



THB HUKIOKIET HB&ALD 



tioQ ar« iBeqrred, it it more rsMoiuUe 
to fappofe such persona sincere, though 
dduded, than to suppose their preten- 
sions to be founded in mere crtft, and 
the desire for personal aggrandizement 
and power. Imperfect notions of re- 
ligion, combined with strong and deep 
emotion, haye often resulted in such 
pretensions. Move light and knowledge 
will correct the error, and dissipate the 
delusion. Wo can only hope that the 
insurgent leaders will soon have free 
intercourse with the heralds of the cross. 
The next interview between Tae-ping- 
Wang, and Leang-afo, and Mr. Roberts 
will be one of profound interest. There 
is every reason to beUeve that Christian 
tea(diers will be received with open 
arms. May the Spirit of wisdom and 
grace be poured out abundantly on those 
who are already in the field, and on 
those who are eagerly hastening thither. 

Meanwhile, let any reader consult a 
map of Asia. Let him consider what 
has been already done in Hindostan. 
Let him ascertain the leading (acts con- 
nected with the American mission in 
the Burmese empire. Let him, there- 
fore, connect with these what is now 
passing in China, the next contiguous 
country, and remember that more than 
one half of the whole earth's population 
dwells in these regions, and that this 
almost inconceivable mass of human 
beings is moved by the truth of the 
living God ! Never in the world's his- 
tory has there been presented a grander 
spectacle. Here is the largest field for 
inciting inquiry and most vigorous 
action ever known since the foundation 
of Christianity. 

Sixty years ago the gospel was un- 



known in these densely peopled le* 
gions. The reign of iddatry wae uni- 
versaL The most degrading snpersti' 
tions and the most cruel abominations 
cursed them all. But what do we see 
now ? Tyranny every where giving way 
—•cruel superstitions and customs va-' 

nishing ^the idols fiilling from their 

shrines. All this has gone on side 
by side with missi(mary operations. If 
we do not ascribe aU these changes to the 
preaching of the cross, for doubtless trade, 
education, intercourse with Europeans, 
and the knowledge of their literature 
and laws, have had avast influence: yet 
facts justify tiie assertion that Chris- 
tianity has been the prime agent, and 
without it, the other influences would 
have been powerless. 

Can the friends of the Baptist Mission 
regard these facts with indifference! 
Can they listen to the daims which 
their own institution, first in this vast 
field, and so greatly honoured of God, 
presses upon them with coldness and 
apathy? Will there be no wider and 
more generous response from the 
churches generally to the demand for 
the twenty new missionaries for India ? 
Individuals among us have done nobly ; 
but they cannot do all. A united effort 
in the churches in connexion with the 
liberality of the few who possess ample 
means, will 'carry out the scheme to 
ultimate success. We have arrayed the 
flEkcts of this paper with the desire 
that they will animate the hopefiil, 
cheer on the faint-hearted, rouse the 
indifferent, and under the divine bless- 
ing, unite all in prayerful determination 
tc do what is right in the sight of God. 



FOEEIGN INTELLIGENCE. 



INDIA, MurraA. — Anxious to be pre- 

-^Z £t the Qovenham meiUt, near Muttia, 

'SmJtb,who during the absence of Mr. 



Phillips, has cbaige of the station, proceeded 
thither on the 25th of October. Qe fbund 
the native pttachen ei!k»ttBil&«Kt!j cMrj'^%^^ 



FOB FBBKUABT, 1864. 



117 



lb« daily pcwobn^Iof ih« fotpel in Uie 

AroeU of tbo d^. Iq tbiA Mr. Smith 

joined then, adTandog fire shops at a time. 

Conndaiabla oppositioii was shown. A 

BrabnuA and a pundit were made asl^amed 

by the exhibition of the truth, and at last 

hurried away, so evidently was the tide of 

opinion setting in against them* On the 

28th, Mr. Smith with three native brethren 

proceeded to the mela. Great numbers were 

attracted, among whom a number of gospels 

and tracts were sold» not given away as on 

foimtx oceasions. Monkeys, in great num- 

beia, ran about stealing the ibod of the 

people. In another part, ten naked &keen 

were seen measuring their length ^on the 

ground, and ^so encompassing the shrine of 

their God. One brahmin was seen to present 

a part of his cooked ibod to the fire, as an 

oiiering. The whole of the Lord's day was 

spent in preaching, and a number of inquirers 

followed the brethren about ; but were drawn 

sway at last by their friends. The scene of 

the evening Mr. Smith thus describes : — 

" Evening being the Dewali, the illumina- 
tions exceeded aU I have ever seen. The 
large tank called Mania Ganga (from its 
supposed origin, viz., being brought into 
existence bv a wish of Krishna) was illu- 
minated all round with ghee lights. We 
made two voyages round it in a small boat, 
when all the lights were burning, and the 
e&ct was brilliunt beyond conception. Any- 
thing more beautiful could not be imagined. 
The whole sheet of water had the appearance 
of a sea of fire, and the dark trees and 
masses of human beings forming a beautiful 
amphitheatre, completed the picture, which 
for loveliness I am persuaded cannot be 
exceUed." 

Preaching succeeded on the following days 
at Muttra. On one occasion a man endea- 
voured to prevent the people from listening 
by spitting all round them. Fearing con- 
tamination, they huftied away. On being 
ipoken to be was ashamed, and at last went 
away. Thus, during the eight days of the 
journey, the gospel was proclaimed to many 
hundreds of people, and on the whole the 
most pleasing attention was displayed. 

Ag&a. — It u with pleasure we state that 
Mr. Jackson has for the present decided to 
remain in Agra. 

NiMUAiJworcijrjr. — Tb0 vUlMg^ §tMiioD§ 



to the south of Caleutta hava had to suffier 
tfom the antegonistie influanoe of the mis^ 
sionaries of the PropagaUon Society and 
Mormonitet. Some of the members were 
for a time drawn aside, but have returned, 
and are awaiting the decision of the chureh 
as to their re-admission. Mr. W. Thomas is 
wholly engaged in preaching among tha 
natives, in conjunction with native brethren, 
both in the villages and in Calcutta. 

Jbssobb. — Since August last, Mr. Parry, 
accompanied by one native preacher, hat 
devoted hii whole time in itinerating. They 
have made their way fh>m place to place in 
a small boat, everywhere preaching tha 
'* good tidings of great joy." A young Mus- 
sulman has placed himself under instruction, 
withstanding both the threats and entreaties 
of his friends. He is a weaver, and hopes to 
support himself by his labour, Mr. Parry 
advancing' the necessary sum to buy him a 
loom and materials. His father kept from 
him his own loom. Another simiUirly into* 
resting c ise has also occurred, and in one 
instance the persecutor of former days haa 
appeared humble and serious in the house of 
God. Mr. Parry has also induced three 
brahmins to study the word of God, one of 
whom has expressed his intention of renounc- 
ing the gods of Hindustan, and of embredng 
Christianity. At Tala, Mr. Parry spent four 
entire days in preaching to attentive audiences 
of at least a hundred people at a time. A 
native judge was attracted to the bazaar, and 
after bis departure sent for a Bengali bible, 
which resulted in further pleasant intercourse 
on the things of God. A Mussulman, to 
whom a copy of the New Testament had 
been given three years ago, informed Mr. 
Parry that he had renounced Islamism and 
embraced the gospel. He remained for two 
days with the missionary in his boat ; but was 
persuaded by his elder brother then to return 
home. It appears that he remains firm in 
his intention to make a public confession of 
his faith in Christ. Our missionary is 
anxious that the word of life should be 
spread in the Baraset district, where there 
are very favourable openings. He says, in 
conclusion, ** Throughout this part of the 
country we find the ]^^\e axa ta'^oivjcn^i 
impressed towardi tYia gosi^\. 'Wxh^w^sk^ 



128 



THB MISSIOKAET HERALD 



aad Islamism are, I believe, in general, only 
formally obeerfed. Idolatry is not in tach 
vigour as it was." 

Calcutta. — We rejoice to learn that the 
native church, whose fonnation was an- 
nounced a few months ago, is in a healthy 
ftate. Shortly after the union had been 
effected and the pastors chosen, much 
anxiety was felt lest a spirit of envy and 
strife should nuur the prospect of permanence. 
One or two changes were made in the pastor- 
ate by the resignation of the individuals first 
chosen, and the election of others, the effect 
of which has been the restoration of harmony 
and peace. The piesent pastors of this 
interesting native church are Goolzah Shah 
and Lall Chund Kanth. ''During the last 
five months/' writes Goolzah Shah, **four 
brethren and one nster have been added to 
the church, three brethren have been ex- 
cluded, two withdrawn, two removed by 
death. At present there are five candidates. 
May I entreat your prayers for the prosperity 
of our church, that love and unity may 
always dwell with us, for the adrancomcnt 
of the cause of our blessed Lord." 

By letters dated Dec. 3, we learn that Mr. 
and Mrs. Makepeace and family had arrived 
in Calcutta on their homeward journey. 

SsBAMPORE. — Mr. Denham writes : — 
*< Three young men were baptized at this 
station the first Lord^s day in November. 
Two are students at Serampore College,^* 
one a son of one of the Society's missionaries 
the other a Hindu. The third candidate is 
fi^m one of the regimental bands at Barrack- 
pore; a work of inquiry has been going on 
among the members of the bands for some 
months past, and several persons have been 
baptized and added to the church." 

DuK DuM. — One believer was baptized 
here by Mr. Lewis on sabbath evening, the 
6th of November. 

Behares. — Our aged brother, Mr. Smith, 
writes : — *^ The Lord added two souls to 
our litUe flock on the 2drd of October. I 
preached, and Mr. Heinig baptized them." 

Rangoon. — On the 2l8t of October our 

valued correspondent wrote : — " We are 

thankftd that the work of conversion still 

igm on among both the Burmese and 

i& We Jmre been down to our little 



tank, in front of the house, every iabbath 
for the month past. Last sabbath ten were 
baptized, making in all for the last month 
thirty-one Karens, and seven or eight Bur- 
mans. If I had time I would give some 
particulars in relation to a few of the converts 
to vary the reports. For instance, last s 
sabbath, one of the ten baptized was a 
Goung Kyouk in the district of Laing, a man 
of superior mind and great influence among 
his people. Another was a Karen general, 
who fought seven battles with the Burmese 
during the war, and never lost a man, though 
in one batUe alone they killed fifty of the 
enemy. In those days of his pride and 
glory he lost his wife, and took four more in 
her stead; and like some of his superiors 
indulged in strong drink. He is now the 
husband of one wife, and has not tasted 
intoxicating liquors for nearly four months. 
Next sabbath we expect to baptize one of 
the writers in the Deputy Commissioner s 
Court. Ill health has been the cause of his 
delay for two weeks. We have many veiy 
interesting cases of almost entire households 
being converted : every member who has 
arrived at years of understanding coming 
forward." 

CEYLON, Colombo. — Mr. Allen has 
continued his visits to the jungle churches. 
The district of Hanwella is the least fruitful 
station of the mission in Ceylon, and great 
difficulty is experienced in securing the 
attention of the people. At times the mis- 
sionary is 'compelled to break off his dis- 
course, and request the inattentive to listen ; 
or to desire the hearers not to chew betel, 
which pernicious practice leads to frequent 
interruption by the parties using it going in 
and out for the purpose of expectoration. 
The schools at Kottigahawatte were found in 
a healthy state. About 200 children are 
instructed in them, one half of whom arc 
able to read the Bible. Here, however, and 
at Byamville, there is great need of an im- 
proved mode of teaching, which can only be 
secured by the employment of better masters. 
Other places were also visited, when Mr. 
Allen endeavoured to present the truth in a 
forcible and impressive manner. He was 
accompanied by the native preacher of Kot- 
tigahawatte to KaUxi^ j'wVkexe t]het« ia a chapel 



FOR FEBRUARY, 1864. 



189 



in the gudan of a modeliar. Mr. Allen here 
lifltened to an eameit and effeetire address 
from his companion. These jonmejs lead to 
a great ezposore of the nuasionary's health, 
and he often returns home, not only hungry 
and tired, but is thrown for days mto a ferer. 
Mr. Allen is also deTOting a portion of his 
time to the revision of the Singhalese version 
of the scriptures. 

Kardt^ — The cholem has been a fatal 
soomge in this and other parts of the country. 
Two of the inmates of Mr. Davis's family 
have been struck down by it, and he has also 
been called to mourn over the grave of his 
only child. 

AFRICA, CAXEB00N8.--The joy of the 
missionary is tempered with grief. While 
rejoicing over the addition of seven converts 
to the church of God, the father's heart has 
been rent with sorrow over the departure of 
his babe from this scene of anxiety and toil 
to the home of the blessed. Mr. Saker was 
at Bimbia, when the sad^ event took place. 
The health of Mrs. Saker, we grieve to say, 
is also impaired. **1 uige her," says Mr. 
Saker, ^to voyage to some neighbouring 
place up the coast, but the only reply I get is, 
* I will go with you into the wilderness when 
you take your journey.' " 

Clarence. — Five converts were received 
into fellowship in September. Since then 
there has been a large increase of inquirers. 
On his visit to Clarence, late in November, 
Mr. Saker says, *' I was not prepared to 
witness the wide-spread influence of the word | 
among the young. The young give brighter 
hopes for the future than have hitherto been 
indulged. The whole generation from sixteen 
to twenty-two years seems to be in some 
measure moved.^ Mr. Saker has completed 
the translation and printing of the Acts of 
the Apostles. 

BiXBU. — ^Mr. Fuller informs us, under 
date of Nov. 21, that he has had the pleasure 
of baptizing three persons — two women and 
one man — after giving ^full proof of their 
belief in Jesus Christ. One of the women is 
the daughter of the old king, by name Bwata, 
or Sarah. The other woman is native of the 
Cameroons country, near the mountains. The 
man, a Byong, was brought up at Isubu. 
They received the right hand of feUowahip , 



from Mr. Saker, ** with the earnest prayer 
that the little one may become a thousand.** 

BAHAMAS, Nassau.— Under date of 
Dec. 13, our esteemed misuouary Mr. Capem 
informs us of his safe arrival at his " foreign 
home.'* Through divine^ mercy the vessel 
very narrowly escaped shipwreck as it was 
entering the harbour.'^ The sea was running 
high on the bar, when, just as the ship was 
in the midst of the breakers, the rudder 
chains broke. The immediate assistance of 
the passengers, joining hands and supplying 
the loss of the chains, only saved the vessel. 
Hurricanes have done much injury on the 
out islands, and entailed great suffering on 
the people. Mr. Capem's family has suffered 
during his absence from sickness; but he 
found them all recovered. 

JAMAICA, Falmouth.— Mr. J. E. Hen- 
derson has returned in safety and health to 
his sphere of labour. He speaks cheeringly 
of the prospects before him. If not all that 
can be wished, yet the people are kind, 
and their piety far more intelligent than it 
was. With attention and continued labour 
he conceives Jamaica may become all that 
the friends of missions can desire. 

Port Maria. — Mr. Day continues to 
labour under many depressing circumstances, 
the chiefest of which is the heavy debt still 
remaining on the chapel. His people suffer 
much from poverty and sickness, and the 
health of himself and wife has been seriously 
impaired. A kind donation of Mr. Keleall 
to his schools has been most serviceable. 

Providekce. — Schools are of great value 
in this district. Mr. Claydon has three, two 
of which are self-supporting, with some slight 
aid from the Society of Friends. The people 
have suffered greatly from small pox, and a 
severe drought has destroyed their crops of 
com and pimento. Still the work of God 
has prospered. In September, sixteen per- 
sons were baptized, and a like number are in 
readiness. Ten pounds have been collected 
for mission purposes, in addition to their 
usual gifts for the service of God. In other 
places signs of revival have also appeared. 
" We hope yet,'* adds Mr. Claydon, * for 
brighter days for Jamaica, both religiously 
and commercially." 

HAITI, Jacheu— T\\e coT\tse«©toL vcv 



lao 



THl mSflHONART HIRALD 



th« Mw dMptl li MftAlj tM^h flowlj 
ineiMiiiig. It it now muttlly about hair 
filled. Three penons have been baptixed, 
and two more were awaiting the ordinance on 
Kew Yeer*s Day. There are aleo tefend 
inquiren. The girls' ichool proceedB in a 
Tery ealiafactorj manner under the care of 
Diana and Corinne, and ii dailj inereating in 
nnmbera. The boys' tehool will hare to be 
eloaed> owing to the unworthy condnet of the 
ielioolinail«. Mr. Weblay apptais to iMYe 
•atirely laoofcnd hit health. 



Tuin»aD.^Mc Law li itSU'lminy angagai 
ia the enctioii of tha now ohapeC towaWb 
which bo Boodt father coatribntiona In 
this colony both the Roman and Anglican 
churches are built and lepaiffed ftom the 
fiinds of the local goremment. Slnco bis 
last letter, Mr. Law has baptited twenty-thive 
penoni. Mr. Augustas lanisi, lately an 
assistant of our lamented misiionary Mr. 
Oewen, has been ongagod by the Committee 
to aid in the woik now g^ng on ia the 
island, and It expoeted shortly to arrive. 



HOME PROCEEDINGS. 



The meetings which have been held during 
the past month have not, as Ikr as we are 
awaiOt been numerous. Messrs. Underbill 
and Hands have visited Oxford^ Abingdon, 
and Faringdon, and the latter spent a 
liord^ day at Coate and its vicinity { Messrs. 
Garey and Tiesttail, Windsor and Datchctt, 
the latter attending meetings at Staines, 
WmjTsbury, and Cobibrook. Mr. Oarey has 
also advocated the Society's claims at Chat- 
ham* 

Several subjects of importance formed the 
subject of delibemtion at the last Quarterly 
Meeting of Committee ; one in particular — 
the future support and direction of schools 
in India. We propose to make this the 
safajed of a paper in the next Herald, as 
the proper discussion of it would occupy 



more space than oan be spared now, and It is 
too interesting and important to bo merely 
incidentally noticed. 

We are approaching rapidly the end of 
the financial year. We beg again to remind 
treasurers and secretaries of local auxiliaries 
of the hoUee addressed to them last month. 
Tho books will close on the 81st Bfarch. 
All contributions intended to appear in the 
report should be sent up on or before that 
day. It will be a very great convenience to 
have these remittances as early as possible. 
W^e hope our ftiends will excuse a little 
urgency in this matter, and we would not 
press it again except for the reasons stated. 
It is, however, rather an appeal to their 
consideiation and kindness than anything 
else. 



FOREIGN LETTERS RECEITED. 



AraiCA — BiMBiA, Fuller, J. J. Nov. 31. 

Camsrooms, Saker, A.. Oct 28. 

CLiRBKOfi, Saker, A., Nov. 28. 
AmsRtCA — Albion, Pickton,T. B., N^ftv. 17. 
Asia-^Agra, Jackson, J., Nov. 27. 

Barisal, Sale, J., Oct. 27. 

Bbnares, Ucinig, H., no date, received 
!)ec. 6, 

Calcutta, Thomas, J., Nov. 4, Dec. 3 ; 
Thomas, W., Oct. ?. 

Cawnporb, Williams, R., Oct. 15. 

gHiTOtruA, Smith, J., Nov. 7. 
OLOiklto, Allen, J., Dec. 7; Carter, C, 
Mot. 25. 
Dinaoepore, Smylie, H., Sept. 29, Nov. 

16. 
BoinUkj Morgan, T,, Nov, 2. 



Jessorb, Parry, J., Nov. 14. 

Kandy, Davis, J., Oct. 25, Deo. 1 1 . 

Madras, Page, T. C, Nov. 8. 

MoNOHiR, Lawrence, J., Oct. 12 and IS. 

PoONAR, Cassidy, H. P., Oct. 18. 
I Serampore, Traffbrd, J., Oct. 14. 
. SswRT, Williamson, J. Nov. 10. 
. Badanas—Qrand Turk, Little wood, W., 
Nov.!. 

Nabsav, Capem, H., Dee. 13. 
BaiTTANT — MoRLAix, Jeukuii^ J., Nov. 22» 
{ Dec. 10 and 23. 
• Haiti— Jacmbl, Webley, W. H., Dec. 10. 
j Jamaica — An Nono Bat, Jones, S., Nor. 1 1 . 

BaffisAum , SiUay, C.^ Nov. t. 

Bapwir*B Towx. Olarit* J.> Non 17 { Eoat^ 
D. J., Dec. 21. 



FOR FSBBUARY) 1654^ 



131 



Calabas, Eoit, D. J., Not. 8S. 

QAMuwton, BIcnick, &, Nov. 8. 

FMumorm^ Gmf^ ¥L, Hot. 4; HcBdanon, 
J. £., Dec. 2. 

FovK Paths. Gould, T., Deo. 22. 

6oRmET*8 MouiTT, ArmstroD|t, C, Oct 24. 

K1K0ST05. Burchell, U. C, Dec. 12; Cur- 
tis, W., and otheis, Not. 9, Dec. 26 ; 
Holt^ E., Dec. 10; Ooghton, S.^ Nov. 
10 and 26, Dec. 9 and 26. 



Port Maeia^ Day^ D., Dec. 8. 
PRovtDBNCB, Clayaony W., Dec 8. 
RiFUOB, Fmn E., Not. 25. 
Satavra la Mab, Clarke, J., Nor. 14, 

Dec 9. 
Spanish Town, PhUUppo, J. M., Dec. 10. 
Tbimdad— PoBT OF Spain, Lbw, J., Dec. 

10 and 24. 
WiBTEMBUBO — Calw, Barth, C. G., Dec. 
? fyJan. 11. 



ACKNOWLBDGMENTS. 



The tbanki of the Committee are preeented to 

The British and Foragn School Society, 

for a grant of school materials, for Rev, 

A, Saketf Wiettem Africa ; 
The Religious Tract Society, for a grant 

of Tracts, for Rev. John Lew, THAidad; 
Mrs. Bousfield, Streatham, for a parcel of 

magazines. 
Dr. Craven, of Rothwell, near Leeds, for 

7 Tolumes of the Baptist Magazine and 

8 volume* of « The Church ;" 
Mr. Young, CamberweU, for a parcel of 

magasinesy for Rev. O, Pearce; 



the following friends — 

Mrs. Beattie, for a box of clothing, for 
Rev. W. daydons 

Friend, unknown, for a parcel of maga- 
zines, for Rev. H. Capern ; 

Juvenile Missionary Worldng Society, 
King Street, Maidstone, for a box of 
clothing and magazines, for Rev, A. 
Saker, Africa; 

Mr. William Benham, sen., Brighton, for 
n parcel of Evangelical Magazines, 



CONTRIBUTIONS, 

Received on account of ike Baptist Mimonary Society y from December 21, 1853, 

to January 20, 1854. 

£ f. d. 



AnnufJL 8yb9eriplion». 

AndenoD, W., Esq., ft 
}lf^^ j^ ,,,, 2 2 

Betieridge,*Mr. AV/hilf 
year 10 

C*rt«r. Mr. J., Bcsley 
Heath S 

Sherwin. Mr. J. G 1 1 

Donations. 

AlUn, T. R, Esq., for 
Widowt <ind Orphans 5 

Bible TrAnslation Soci- 
•tj, for Tmnrialiona. .250 

JMobwn, MiM, for Ja- 

maiea Sptcial Fund 1 1 
Do., for Cofonief 1 1 

leffoeiei. 

Doosellr, M'* James. 
laU of Woodborough 18 

Walkden, John, Esq., 
lat« of Orosvenor 
Place, CamberweU ... 30 

LoWOOlf AKO MlDDLBaXX 

▲uziLiAKiaa. 

BtU Coart, Milton Street^ 
Soodaj School, by Y. 
M. M. ▲., for Ce^ 
ImBekoels 24 



Bloomsbury Chapel, oa 

aceoTint 59 1 ^ 

CamberweU— 
Contribationfi, addi- 
tioDal.for/iiciia ... IS 12 
Islington, Cross Street— 
Contributions, bjr Mrs. 

Barren 4 2 3 

Do., by Mr. GUI, for 
Native Preachers 5 6 
New Nlchol Street— 
Ragged School 3 6 

Staines — 

Collection 3 10 8 

Contribntions 3 10 



6 11 8 
Leesozpens s 5 

6 8 
Vernon Cb^>el— 
Sondaj School, for 

Ckitoura School 14 8 7 

WUd Street, Little- 
Collection and Sab* 
scriptions 6 15 

Bedpordshirs. 

Biggleswade— 

CoUeotion 9 8 1 

OontrifmiloDB ......... 3 11 



£ «. fl. 

Boxton— 
Colle«tion (moitty) ... 1 11 10 



Cornwall. 

Camborne — 

Anon 10 

Redruth— 

Anon 15 



DsVOR'aBIRR. 

Dev^Miport, Moriee Square— 

Contributions 7 2 8 

Do., for J/rica 2 10 



GLOUrVSTRBBBtRB. 

HUlsley— 
CoUection 18 $ 



Hampsbirb. 

Andover — 

Anon 3 

BeaulieaBaUa 3 16 

BUekfleldCommoii \ ^ ^ 



13S 



THE MISSIONIRT HSRALD FOB FEBBUABT, 1854. 

£ «.dt 



JLjiniiigt<Hi«« 

CollMtion 9 15 9 

Do., Snndaj School 8 2 

Contribations 5 5 

Do., for Africa 1 12 

18 10 8 

Leas «x]>eDM« 10 

18 8 

Newport, I. W.— 

Collection 7 1 

Do., Sanday School 119 

Contribntiona 2 17 8 

Rjde, I. W.— 

Contributions 12 

Do., Sondaj School 10 

13 
LetaezpenMi 110 



12 5 6 



HsmTTORDSHIRS. 

HItehln. on account, by 
Mr. W. Jeerea 20 







Hltctixodoxshir s. 

Bamaey— 
Contribatlona, addi> 
Uonal 3 19 11 



Kbxt. 

Beaaela Green— ^ 

Collection 17 1 

Contributions 7 11 

Woolwich, Queen Street- 
Sunday School, for 
Ni$tar^ur £chooit 
India 10 



Lajtcashiiib. 

Llrerpool— 
Negro'a Friend Soci- 
ety, for Browi't 

Tovn 

Do., for Ifovnt Ca- 
rey 

Manchester, on account, 
bj Thos. fiickham, 
£aq 160 



LKICBtTBmSHI&a. 

Leiecater— 
B 20 



Koarout. 

Norfolk, on account, br 
Mr. J. D. Smith 100 







NOMTIIAMPTOlVaHniS. 

Moulton— 

CoUection S 

Contributiona 5 10 



9BltOPSHIR& 

Bridgnorth 33 10 

SoiUIRSKTSHiaS. 

Weston Saper Mare- 
Collection 1 15 

Contributions 9 



SurroLK. 

Bury St. Edmund's— 
A Friend, New Year's 
Offering, by Her. C. 
ElTen 10 







Yorkshire. 

Sheffield, on account, by 

Mr. S. Chapman ... 45 
Wilson, Joseph, Esq., 
ioT India 25 



NORTH WALES. 

DSNBIOUSUIRJI^— 

Moelfre— 
Contributions 6 







SOUTH WALES. 

CABDTOANSniRR^ — 

Aberystwith 21 2 8 






Caruarthxnsbir B— 
Ll&ngendim — 

Collection 2 18 

Contributions 2 15 



£ f . A 

MInke— 

Collection 10 

Contributions 7 8 

Salem Mydrim — 
Collection, Ste,, ,—,»,» 9 IS 



LA MOROAW8HIRB— 

Cwmafon— 
Collection 


15 






Swansea, Bethesda— 
Collection 


3 13 9 


Contributions 


7 2 2 


Less expenses 


10 15 11 
5 11 

10 10 


MowirorrnsHiRB-^ 
Magor— 
Collection. &c 


2 13 2 






Sirhowy, Carmel — 
Collection 


1 10 


Contributiona 

Do., for India 


14 2 G 
10 


Leas expenses 


10 9 4 
10 




10 8 4 


PBUBROKBaniRB— 

Pembroke — 
Collections 


2 8 


Contributions 


10 


Pembroke Dock, Bush Street- 
Collections 19 15 10 


Contribution 


10 


Do., Jurenilo 


8 7 


SCOTLAND. 

OIsFgow, Rev. A. Macleod's— 
Contributions l& ff S 


Sanday, Orkneys— 
Lo«lie, Mr. Robert ... 


3 



IRELAND. 

Waterford— 

Contributions, for 
J^aliie Prtaehcrt ... 11 8 

Sonidcr, Mr. C, addi- 
tional 10 



Subscriptions and Donations in aid of the Ba])ti8t Missionar} Society will be thankfViIly 
recci?ed by William Brodie Gumey,Esq., and Samuel Morton Peto, Esq., M.P., TreasuroiB; 
by the Rev. Frederick Trestrail and Edward Bean Underbill, Esq., Secretaries, at the 
Mission House, 33, Moorgate Street, London: in Edirburqu, by the Rev. Jonathan 
Watson, and John Macandrew,E8q.; in Glasgow, by C. Anderson, Esq.; in DrBLiN, by 
John Purser, Esq., Rathmines Castle; in Calcutta, by the Rev. James Thomas, Baptist 
Mission Press; and at New York, United States, by W. Colgate, Esq. Contributions can 
also be paid in at Messrs. Barclay, Bevan, Tritton, and Co., Lombard Street, to the account 
of the Treasurers. 



/. HADDQN AirD §011, PRnnmaa, CAvat mhur. ¥ix«usicv. 



TUB 



BAPTIST MAGAZINE. 



MARCH, 1854. 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. C. ANDERSON OP EDINBURGH. 



Chbistopbeb Akderson was bom in 
Edinburgh on the 19th of February, 
1782. His father carried on business 
in that city as an ironmonger. His 
mother was the daughter of Christopher 
Moubray, cashier of the Friendly In- 
sorance Company in Edinburgh. '^ The 
Moubrays were one of the numerous 
Xorman families which found their way 
into Scotland from the south, in the 
reigns of David, Alexander, and James 
the First, and retained to a late day a 
dash of the lofty bearing and sense of 
saperiority which distinguished that 
Btock. Something of this family tern- 
perunent might be traced in Chris- 
topher's mental constitution.^' 

''Being of delicate health, and his 
mother's only surviving child, his 
parents were exceedingly anxious that 
his life should be spared. By the advice 
of the family physician, and others who 
were consulted, he was sent, when quite 



''When Christopher returned from 
the country, he attended with his father 
on the humble ministry of the con« 
gregation assembling in the Candle- 
makers' Hall. But the discourses of 
William Cook, a worthy but uneducated 
man, were little calculated to attract or 
retain their hold of young and inquiring 
minds. One by one his brothers had 
left in search of something more in- 
teresting and adapted to their spiritual 
wants, and Christopher was not long in 
availing himself of his father's permis- 
sion to accompany them to the Scotch 
Baptist meeting-house, Richmond Court, 
or to the Circus, recently opened for 
public worship by Mr. Robert Haldane." 
A strong impression was made on his 
mind by the preaching of J. A. Haldane, 
the pastor of the church ; but no de- 
cisive change of heart was effected. 
" When he was about seventeen years of. 
age, he was sometimes alarmed at the 



yoang, to the country, to he brought up / course he was puismng, ttnd. %\i\x<^<^^i^^ 
u a hardf cottage child," s^t tho thouffht of YrWe \t xaxxEX. «dA.\ 



WZ, XriL — FOUETB BERIMS, 



134 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE EEV. C. ANDERSON. 



} 



bat would not allow himself to think 
long enough on the subject, lest it 
should coat him those pleasures which 
he knew to be inconsistent with a godly 
life. Returning late one evening of the 
following summer from a concert of 
music, an amusement in which he took 
great delight, he was suddenly and 
strongly impressed with a sense of tlie 
vanity of the world and all its pleasures. 
From that hour he resolved to 'seek 
after God ;' nor was it long till he found 
Him." Soon after this he was received 
into communion with the church meet- 
ing in the Circus. 

" In the winter of ISOO he occasionally 
fell into the society of pious students 
from England, both of the independent 
and baptist persuasion, who were com- 
pleting their studies at the University 
of Edinburgh. With two of the latter 
he contracted a friendship which ex- 
ercised a considerable influence on his 
future course. Conversing with them 
on the nature of Christ^s kingdom, his 
attention was again dra\ni to the sub- 
ject of Christian baptism ; for previous 
to this he had been convinced that the 
ordinance ought to be administered to 
belieyers only, and would have followed 
the example of three of his brothers, 
who had been baptized and united to 
the Scotch Baptist Church, had he ap- 
proved of their views of church govern- 
ment, and the ministry of the word. 
But now, Bjrmpathizing with the view 
he got of the English baptist churches, 
and hoping one day to enjoy fellowship 
with them, he was baptized by one of 
his new friends in March, 1801, along 
with several females, also members of 
the Circus church, who had for some 
time cherished the same convictions of 
duty. 

"It is painful to have to add, that 

those baptized were immediately ex- 

duded on that account from communion 

iw/A the church of which they were 

memheit; and though two of the females 



made frequent application for re-admit- 
tance, their suit was rejected, except on 
the condition of renouncing their views 
of l)elicvers* baptism." • 

Their fellowship with a Christian 
church being thus dissolved, the sepa- 
rated few resolved to meet together for 
prayer and conference. Sometimes they 
had the assistance of students from 
En^^land ; at other times their circum- 
stances were discouraging ; till at length, 
losing all hope of a church according 
with his own views being raised at 
Edinburgh, Mr. Anderson returned to 
the Tabernacle and availed himself of 
the public ministrations of Mr. J. A. 
Haldanc. 

'' When Mr. Fuller made his first visit 
to Scotland in 1700, the impression 
made on the mind of our young friend 
by that powerful pleader for the baptist 
mission in India was indelible. He wai 
then in his ' first love," and a desire to 
be engaged in the work of the ministry 
among the heathen began to rise in his 
mind. After his baptism, ho felt him- 
self more allied to that mission, and as 
he accompanied his friends in their 
evangelizing visits to the villages around 
Edinburgh, he longed to be similaiiy 
engaged in the villages around Seram- 
pore. Every thought he cherished that 
ho too should one day preach the gospel^ 
was invariably connected with the mis- 
sion in India." Early in 1804, after 
some preparatory correspond^oe, he 
formally offered himself to the Com- 
mittee ; '' but Mr. Fuller having heard 
in the meantime of the objections of his 
friends to his going to India, from the 
unfitness of his constitution to bear a 
tropical climate, wrote again to intimate 
his knowledge of this, but encouraging 
him to persevere in his design of study- 
ing for the ministry, though it should 
have to be exercised at home, — * perhaps/ 
ho adds, *at Edinburgh." Whether 



• ll "»:«* a\>o\\\, tow ij'iw* •fAw iVvt thtt the 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. 0. ANDERSON. 



135 



tbiB first started the idea in Mr. Ander- | 
son's mind, or was merely the echo of ; 
his own, docs not appear, but from that i 
time the resolution seemed to be formed 
that Edinburgh, if not India, should be ; 
the sphere of his labour." I 

In June 1805, Mr. Anderson visited ! 
England, intending to sit down quietly ! 
to study at Olncy ; but ho preached so 
acceptably and was so fond of the work, 
that he had not much opportunity for 
private reading. In the month of 
September, he thought he saw clearly 
"that it was not the will of Providence 
that he should go out to India, and 
yielded to the decision. lie then 
promptly made up his mind to return 
to Edinburgh, and there renew the at- 
tempt of 1801, to establish a cause in 
conformity with his idea of a New 
Testament church. But as the advan- 
tages of a literary and social kind for 
further improvement wore limited at 
Olney, he resolved, before returning to 
his nati\'e city, to comply, as we have 
already seen, with the invitation he had 
received, to spend the whiter in Bristol, 
to attend the classes in tlie Baptist 
College, .ind enjoy the society of many 
there whose names were familiar to him, i 
and whose praise was in all tho churclios. 
Accordingly, having remunerated Mr. 
SutclifT for board and tuition, and re- 
imbursed the society for every cxponse 
it had l>een at in the prospect of his 
becoming a mis.^ionar}', he left Olncy at 
the close of October, and after spending 
t few days in London and Oxford, pro- 
ceeded to Bristol, and soon commenced 
bis studios in the college." 

Returning to Edinburgh in the | 
tatumn of the following year, ho pecured 
t small place of worship in Richmond ' 
^oiirt, and began to collect a congrega- | 
tioTi. At length, in December, 1807, ' 
"the little flock wliom he had gathered , 
gave him a formal call to take the over- 1 
light of them in the J^ord, and as soon | 
U thpf bad Iwen rcgtilarly Iconstiiutcd I 



and set in order as a church, to be their 
pastor. To this he gave an almost 
immediate answer in the affirmative) 
having already, after no little prayer 
and consideration, made up his mind to 
do so in the event of its being presented. 
Of the thirteen persons who signed the 
call, two had cleaved to him from the 
very commencement of his attempts to 
raise an English baptist cause in 
Edinburgh ; while ten had been bap- 
tized by himself, having been brought 
to a knowledge of the truth through his 
instrumentality. One of these latter 
still surWve*, having witnessed a good 
confession, and sustained it unblemished 
through a long course of years. These 
thirteen, with Mr. Waters, Mr. John 
Hemming, late of Kimbolton, baptized 
the same day, and Mr. Anderson, formed 
the hixtoon who first sat down together 
at the Lord*s table in Richmond Court 
chapel.*' 

''Mr. Anderson and the congrega* 
tion under his care occupied Richmond 
Court chapel twelve years. It was 
a small place, n(>t capable of accom- 
modating with comfort more than three 
hundred hearers. For some years it 
had become, in the evenings at least, 
excccMlingly crowded, and as the venti- 
lation was dtficient, the health of the 
preacher had begun to Buflfer from it. 
It was therefore necessary to procure 
larger and better accommodation. 
Cliarlottc chapol, then in the occupa- 
tion of Bishop Sandford's congregation, 
was oflfered for sale in 1317. But the 
purchase money and cost of necessary 
repairs and alterations would involve 
an immediate responFibility of about 
£'2/)00, There was no one, or indeed 
any number of those then in the church 
in circumstances to undertake the 
obligation for so great a sum. The 
donations pronnsed toward the object, 
even when realized, bore a small pro- 
portion to the sum Yec^vilxcd^wiAm^yaK^ 
was at that time \>canT\^, ^7cw otL VJcv^ 



136 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. C. ANDERSON. 



most unexceptionable security, the in- population of that long unhappy oouniry 



teredt of five per cent., and difficult to 
be had. After serious consideration, 
Mr. Anderson resolved to take the 
responsibility on himself. He purchased 
the chapel, and in 1818, after the rc- 



induccd him to make further inquiries 
in the same direction, the results of 
which he published in the following 
year in a ' Memorial oh behalf of the 
Native Irish, with a Hew to their 



qiured alterations and additions liad improve imhI iii moral and rdigioui 
been made, the con^cgation removed hvoidedge tJirouffh t/te nudium of thbib 
thither from Richmond Court. ; owx languaoe.* This small pamphlet 

"The increase of attendance on his { was afterwards enlarged to a 12mo. 
ministry justified the step he had taken, I volume. Some years afterwards hit 
for though Charlotte Chapel was con- . connection with the Bible Society, and 
■iderably more than double the size of I the demand for the scriptures in Gaelic, 
that he had left, being seated to accom- led him to inquire into the kind and 



modate between seven hundred and eight 
hundred persons, it was soon completely 
filled, and often in the evening to over- 
flowing. His popularity as a preacher 
became increasingly great, and his 
evening discourses, both on Lord*s days 
and Thursdays, were attended by persons 
of various denominations. The house 
on sabbath evenings was often com- 
pletely filled some time before the com- 
mencement of the service, and not 
unfrequently every foot of standing 
room, except the middle aisle, was 
crowded with eager listeners.'' 

Mr. Anderson's labours were not, 
however, confined to Edinburgh. He 
visited the more northern parts of his 
native land repeatedly ; and exerted 
himself to form an association for the 
support of itinerants in the Highlands. 
In 1808, he also made a preaching tour 
through Ireland, accompanied by Mr. 
Barclay, and collected for the Baptist 
Mission in Dublin. The impression 
received on that tour was never efiaced, 
and for the native Irish, as for the 
native Highlanders, he only ceased to 
labour when he ceased to live. 

In 1814, at the request of the Com- 
mittee of the Baptist Irish Society which 
had then been recently formed, he 
undertook another tour, in company 
with the late ]Mr. Ivimcy, its zealous 
secretary. The insight he thus obtained 
'^la^ the Bpiritual wanU of the native 



amount of supply that had hitherto 
been afforded to those who spoke that 
language and its kindred dialects. His 
researches were embodied in a 'Me- 
morial re*2)ectiiig the diffMion of tJu 
scripturesy particularlif in the Celtic ob 
Iberiax Dialects.'" ^At length, in 
1828, appeared his 'Historical Sketches 
of the Native Irish,' a 12mo. volume of 
three hundred pages. The first edition 
was soon sold ofi*, and a second and 
enlarged one followed in 1830, which 
also in a few years was out of print. 
In answer to many calls from both sides 
of the Channel he prepared a third 
edition, with all the additions of ths 
second and an improved arrangement. 
The title he altered to 'The Natiw 
Irish and their Descendants,' and added 
a preface in which, while acknowledging 
the exertions made by various denomi- 
nations of Christians towards the object 
he had in view by the l^Iemorial, he 
shows how much yet remains to be done. 
Some time between the last two editions, 
he also published, mostly for distriba* 
tion, a brochure, the substance of which 
was mainly drawn from his larger work. 
He called it 'Irelafid, hu still withofU 
the Jlinistn/ of the Word in her own 
Amative Langmige^ His design was to 
draw the attention of all Christians to 
that which is now the chief desideratum 
in Ireland. 
\ ''Tbft '^Itymrvki; though addressed 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. 0. ANDERSON. 



137 



to all who had the good of Ireland at ' tion of the larger work in lb28 gave a 
heart, exerted the greatest influence on further impetus to this excellent society, 
the working of MCiiefiM already organized : and induced many to join its ranksj 
for her improvement, some of whose ! who had hitherto been indifiercnt, if not 
comiiiittees owned their obligation by a hostile. Nor were those who yielded to 
vote of thanks to its author, or made • its statements and powerful reasoning 
honoarable mention of him in their , slow to acknowledge their obligation to 
report, while others simply showed the its author, but with the frankness which 
influence of his work on their minds by ! marks the Irish character, they owned 
proceeding at once to carry out its ! to him their previous ignorance and 



object But the 'Historical Sketches* 
produced a stronger sensation in private 
circles, and roused up many to individual 
effort in the same direction. Of these 
efforts, many interesting notices occur 
in the correspondence to which they 
gave rise ; but, except in a few cases, 
these are too imperfect or too private 
for publication. In some instances, as 
in the case of the Achill Mission, the 
iaterest excited in the breast of a single 
individual led to a systematic and well- 
organiied attempt to bring evangelical 
initruction and pious example home to 
the poor idanders of Ireland, an attempt 
which God has signally blessed to the 
alvation of many." The origin of this 
Bission as springing from the '^Uis- 
torical Sketches " was acknowledged in 
i letter from the Rev. £. Nanglc written 
in 1831 ; and in a notice of Mr. Andcr- 
ion's death in the Achill ^lissionary 
Herald, it is said, " It is worthy of being 



want of thought on the subject, till they 
read his work." 

''Till a late period in life he paid 
frequent visits to Ireland, sometimes in 
compliance with invitations from in- 
fluential parties who took an interest in 
the subject of his work, and sought his 
advice in working it out, and sometimes 
to promote the interests of the baptist 
mission in India, or the Baptist Irish 
Society. lie was not an unfrequent 
guest at Powerscourt, where he met 
with many of the evangelical clergy of 
the Church of Ireland, who entered 
cordially into his views with respect to 
the native Irish, as far as education and 
prcacliing in the language were con- 
cerned, and were encouraged by him so 
far to carry them out. With several 
distinguiehcd alike for their piety and 
talent he continued to correspond on 
the subject, while his other engagements 
aflbrdcd him leisure, nor were they 



noted that his book, entitled * Historical reluctant to own their obligations to 



Sketches of the Native Irish, originated 
the Achill Mission." 

"The Irish Society, founded in l&ld, 
for the purpose of instructing the native 
Irish in their own language, and sup- 



hiin for loading their minds to a field of 
usefulness which they had hitherto 
overlooked." 

In the aflairs of the Baptist Mis- 
sionary Society also Mr. Anderson took 



ported chiefly by members of the united ! a lively interest. In 1.^15, "the death 
Church of England and Ireknd, arose ' of IMr. Fuller awakened not only the 



from convictions produced by the 
*^ Memorial " on the minds of some 
piouB churchmen. It adopted at once 
the suggestions there thrown out in 
almost every particular, forming its 
schools on the ' circulating ' plan of the 
GaeUo School Society, where that plan 



sorrow of bereaved friendship, but 
anxieties respecting the mission, in 
which ^Ir. Anderson was called to bear 
I a part. The letters that brought him 
the mournful intelligence, reminded 
him that Mr. Fuller had frequently 
recommended him oa his «ucc«A%Qt m 



seemed to h9iiKtf^iiw!/iiA The publica- j the eecretaryahip of the aodet^*, VKi^ 



13* -MKMOIU or THE LATE REV. C. ANDERSON. 

tlic$e wero followed by others which | this sketch render it necessary to pass 



informed him tlint ho had done this in 
a formal letter to tlio Committee, to he 
read after his death , which rendered 



over Mr. Anderson's exertions on behalf 
of othur societies, his correspondence in 
coiinoxion ivith ''The Annals of the 



the propoz^al, and a discussion upon it, ! English liibic," the bereavements which 
inevitable ; and that while the wislies deprived him successively of a beloved 
of many were known to be favourable wife and all his children, and the 
to his appointment, there were others j troubles which attended the decline of 
who as strongly (ibjfcted to it. Then nt . his constitutional vigour; but Toom 
the sanio time came letters from must be made for a few sentences re- 
Kettering, eamoptly pn-ssing him to j lating to the close of his career. " On 
accept the invitation, which was about ! the evening of the lirst Wednesday of 
to bo given liini, to the pastoral over- ; the year lb.*)2, afler preaching, he con- 
sight of the church there, though it versed cheerfully, as was his wont, with 
should not be ununimous. For s-»nie '. those who remained behind at the close 
months previous to this, the state of ' of the service, and related an anecdote 
Mr. Andorscm's health had excited the of old Mr. Crabtrcc of Bradford, who 
anxiety of his frif/nrls, and these com- had retired some time from the pulpit 
municntions wrrc little calculated t«'i ' on account of infirmity, but felt a strong 
allay tlic symptoms of debility which desire on the lirst Lord's day of a new 
over-exertion had produced, till at year to occupy it again. His wish was 
length he was obliged, in the July gratified, and after an impresbive prayer, 
following, to lay aside all pulpit cn<rage- he gave out his text, 'This year thou 
mcnts, and engagements of every kind, ' shalt die,' remained silent for a few 
and by change of air and scene in tlie seconds, and feeling unable to proceed, 
south and west of Enghmd, recover the came down again. The event was the 
tone of his health and spirits.'* sermon. Whether Mr. Anderson had 

In the painful discussi<ms that eneucd. any ]ircsentiment of his approaching 
and led to the temporary severance «'f ' end ho did not intimate, but he only 
the connection which had existed be- preached onc«.* more, — and on that day 
twecn tlie tlivce oldest mis?ionaries and pix Wi oks after, he died. On Lord's 
the C(»mmittee, ^Fr. Anderson took part i day, iNtli January, having met a few 
very decidedly with Carey, Marsliman- friends for prayer in Ids own house, he 



and Ward, "during the ten years' 



complained of sickness, and took some 



duration of the Seramporo Mission as a medicine, which only increased the 
separate body, his cxerti'.«ns to interest nausta and pain. Next day he Lad 
the Christian public in it, and obtain I medical aid, and obtained some relief; 
the supplies needful to maintain it in a ' but his strength visibly declined, till, 
state of eflicioncy, were great and un- ' on the Sunday following, he was seized 
tiring. At no period of his life were with internal paralysis, which, alTccting 
his strength and spirits more i?everi'ly i the organs of speech, rendered him un- 
taxed than from 1«2S to 18.S7." intelligible. His various but vain 
"Tiiough in Iv'^ris his long course of j attempts to make himself understood 
disinterested labours f »r Seramporo I were painful to his attendants, and at 
came to an end, and his ofllcial duties , first induced the fear that his brain was 
devolved on others, his affection for, and ' affected ; but after some time his arti' 
correspondence with the survivors there : culation became plainer, and delightful 
continued unabated." evidence was aflbrdcd, that not only 

Tlie limits which must be assigned to \ was he of «ouiid mind and sober judg- 



RECOVERY OP TRUTH. 189 

rnsnt^ but of strong fkith and warm j arrangements wero made to carry tliis 

affections. The bible ho kept ever near I into eflfect. The few friends whom Le 

lum, though unable to fixhis ejre steadily | was permitted to sec, found him choer- 

011 its blessed contents. A few days \ ful, though ho said but little. To onoj 

beforoi Dr. John Brown had sent him a he said, * Who knows but what the 

copy of hii lately published work on tho ' Lord has got something for me to do 

' Resurrection of Life/ with an alTco- yet ? Some time after, being asked by 

tiooate note, referring him to the second , a Christian friend how lie felt, he replied 

page of the book, where his name is j with a joyful expression of countenance, 

aHodated with six others, to whom the ' < All is well^all is well ; I experience 

Tolame 'is inscribed by the author with Ilis loving-kindness to me all the day, 

cordial esteem and affection, in mo- > and his song is with me through all the 

morial of unbroken friendly intercourse - night ; and what more can I want 9 I 

fsr nearly half a century ; intercourse | am quite happy.* The appearances 

vhich, though soon to be interrupted, favourable to the liope of returning 

win, he trasts, be renewed, to be broken | strength were of short duration ; he 

BO more for ever.' This book he had I again relapsed, but retained his con- 

jast cut open, and gone rapidly over its sciousness for a while. To one who 



eontents with great interest, when his 
iUnen put it beyond his power to give 



hung over him, but could not conoeal 
his emotion, 'Don't be alarmed about 



it a more attentive perusal ; but even j mc,^ said he, ' I shall fiill asleep in Jesus, 
vhen deprived of speech, he frequently j and wake at the resurrection.' Soon 
took it up, or pointed to it, as if he i after he fell into a comatose state, out 
Iflikgcd to know more of the^ blessed j of which ho never awoke, but gradually 
idliject of which it treated. | sunk till, on the 18th of February, at 

**A week before his death he rallied two, p.m., he ceased to breathe. Next 
for a short time, and the doctor recom- j day ho would have completed his 
mended a change of air and sccnej and . seventieth year." 



RECOVERY OP TRUTH LOST FROM 2 SAMUEL XXIV. 13. 

BT UK. JOIIX FREEMAN. 

I5 events where kings and their ' '' And Satan stood up against Israel' 
captains are seen at work in what is j and incited David to number Israel." 
Bofol, Satan and his angels, though in- I Such is the language of Nathan and 
Tisible, are also at work. And, in : Gad who, as inspired biographers of 
language ascribing to God what he in ' David, called the whole twelve tribes 
wisdom permits, this question in Amos ^ '* Israel." But prophets, living after 
iii. 6, becomes appropriate, " Shall there ^ tho revolt of tho ten tribes, had to 
lie e^il in a city, and the Lord hath not [ exchange Nathan and Gad's word 
done it T' '* Israel"' for the phrase "Israel and 

Thus when David's conduct became ' Judah " when tho object was to give 
fearfully detrimental to tlie twelve ' details. Tims in 2 >'am. xxiv. 1, it is 
tribes, it is said of Jehovah in 2 Sam. j said, " And again the anger of Jehovah 
xxiv. 1, " He moved David again?t ■ wiis kindled against Israel, and he 
them;" while, in the more apoclGc .'moved David against iUem lo ^^,QiO» 
Uagufigo of 1 Chnn, xxi, 1, wo read, number Israel and Judah,"" 



140 RECOVERY OF TRUTH. 

In andent days, the shield attached I before thine enemies, while they purtoe 
to the left arm was a defence available ' thee ? or that there he three dayi petti- 
for the head and for the left side, thus lence in thy land ?" 
making the right-hand side that on At this point our attention is claimed 
which darts, arrows, and other deadly ' by the extinctire process which is beheld 
weapons had scope for their work of when what was once legible fades or is 
destruction. At this side, therefore, 
the leader of the fallen angels takes his 
stand. Thus in Zech, iii. 1. the prophet 



abstracted, or when a blot acts the part 
of the moon on her passing over a star, 
or when, as in the years 1999 and 2090» 



says, " He showed me Joshua the high ! she will hide from a part of the people 

priest standing before the angel of the of England the kiDg of day himsel£ 

Lord, and Satan standing at his right- Such is the extinctive process which, 
hand to resist him.*' A crown of glory, ! if it affects a letter only, may convert 
however, was to adorn the head of ' X into Y by destroying the lower of X*i 

Joshua ; and similar honours await all right-hand branches. For, indifferent 

those who, like him, successfully ^' resist as a Y thus made may be, the transcriber 

the devil." reads the wreck as Y, and thus writes a 

As to Satan's standing at David's good Y as its representative, 

right hand, the result was such as Four hundred years ago the Italian 

brought that monarch into a great still pronounced Zersaff, with the accent 

strait thus communicated to Gad, ac- on the first syllable, and signifying 

cording to 1 Chron. xxi. 10, " Go and Xerxes, was not spelt Serse as at present^ 

tell David, saying, Thus saith the Lord, but was written Xerse as found in 

I offer thee three things : choose thee manuscripts of Dante, and in this line 

one of them, that I may do it unto of Petrarch then thus written : 

thee." Nor was Gad an unfaithful - Non meno Unti amatl m On>ci* Xerw.- 

messenger. For in the 11th and 12th 

verses we read, « So Gad came to David, ^^ «^^^*' ^^* ^^ ^^'^^ manuscripts of 

and said unto him. Thus saith the ^^trarch at the British Museum, Xerse 

Lord, choose thee either three yeare> ^\*,^^ word found in eight of them, 

famine ; or three months to be destroyed ^^^^^^ ^^ ^'^^^^ 3^^' ^ manuscript 

before thy foes, whUe that the sword of ^T^"" V,"" .^^f. ^^ !"[ T""" ^"^ ^^^^' 

thine enemies overtaketh thee; or else Petrarch « Itaban, with Aanmif *, accord- 

three days the sword of the Lord, even ^°« ^ ^^^ transcriber's bad pronuncia- 

the pestilence, in the knd, and the *^°^' "^ *^^ expressed, 

angel of the Lord destroying throughout " ^<>'» "'"^ ^^^ hamati in orecU Ye«e.- 

all the coasts of Israel." Inasmuch, however, as the Y in Terse 

Thus there are three threes in the ^ has a dot over it, as WicHrfs y often 

order of diminution as to time, but in- has, we perceive that it was some earlier 



Yolving afHictions acquiring in intensity 
what they lose in time. 

In 2 Sam. xxi v. 13, however, this 
awe-striking geometrical arrangement 
is marred by three years having, by some 
accident, become seven years when we 
there read, " So Gad came to David, and 
told him, and said unto him, shall seven 
S^wirs of /amine come unto thee in thy 
Und/ or wilt tbou flee three mo}itks 



manuscript in which X without a dot 
became Y without a dot. 

Though, however, in one letter thus 
becoming another, the extinguished 
fragment is not missed ; yet when what 
is extinguished is a letter itself, or more 
letters than one, the space left indicates 
a loss which a transcriber finds he must 
attempt to repair. 

*rhe Hebteiw lot tKree \& «^^ V\V^ 



JUDSON'S RENUNCIATION OF INFANT BAPTISM. 141 



SHIXj Lamedy Skin; and the Hebrew 
for Mifen is Bpelt with «S///xV, Be(h, 
Ain, When, therefore, the last two 
letters in the Hebrew for three become 
iltogether illegible, with a space in- 
dicatiDg the loss of two letters unknown ; 
the doctrine of chances shows us that 
in ten specimens of such reduction^ 
there would be five instances in which 



wisdom shall be justified by her children. 
Moreover, in having recourse to the 
Scptuagins, wo see that 2130 years ago 
there was in tlio Ucbrew of 2 Sam. 
xxiv. 13, as translated into Qreek, no 
trace of the seven years of famine now 
found in that verso. For there in all 
manuscripts and printed editions of 
the Septuagint, the time given for the 



three would erroneously become seven, famine is " three years " without a 

oniag to the extinctive process being | single variation. 

follovred by the misrestorative process. By allowing, therefore, the alleged 



For though, in five instances, the re- 



cause of an error in 2 Sam. xxiv. 13, to 



storathe process would make all right ; pass just for what it is worth ; and by 
yet, in the other five instances, tlie investing that cause with autliority, by 
transcriber supposing the letters lost to | a legitimate use of aid from an inspired 
be Beth and Ain, converts the Hebrew ; counterpart ; and, l)y regarding, accord- 
for 'three years of famine" into the • ing to its merits, the Greek translation 
Hebrew for ** seven years of famine " as of the Septuagint, a translation which 
-.now found in 2 Sam. xxiv. 13. I gives, without a vestige uf change, three 

That, in this verse, three has de- ; years, three months, and three days, 
generated into seven 1)ecomcs highly ' both in 2 Sam. xxiv. 13, and 1 Chron. 
probable when we behold three yearn '^ xxi. 12, we learn that truth recovered 
and not seven, years to be in keeping in 2 Sam. xxiv. 13, may be thus ex- 
with the tJtree monlhs and three diiys I pressed by the change of one word in 
foand in the same connexion. And the authorised version : — 
when we compare with tliis verse its | " So Gad came to David, and told him, 
counterpart in 1 Chron. xxi. 12, and and said uuto him, shall three years of 
there behold three years, three month s ' famine come unto tlfec in tliy laud ? or 



snd three days, with each three alto- 
gether unimpaired both in Hebrew and 



wilt thou flee three months before thine 
enemies while they pursue thee ? or 



ia Greek, we perceive that though that there be three days* pestilence in 



empiricism may multiply maladies, yet 
there is scope for their cure when 



thy land \ " 

Maryland Point, Strofjordy Essex. 



JUDSON'S RENUNCIATION OF INFANT BAPTISM. 

Soox after his arrival in India, Mr. 1 1 hoped that my ministrations would 
Judson addressed a letter to the church i be blessed to the conversion of souls, 
in Massachusetts of which he had ! In that case I felt that I sliould have 
been a member containing the following ! no hesitation concerning my duty to 
statement. " It was on board the | the converts, it being plainly corn- 
vessel, in prospect of my future life i mandcd in scripture tliat such are to 
iinong the heathen, that I was led to be baptized, and received into church 
investigate this important subject. I \ fellowship, l^ut how, thought I, am I 
was going forth to proclaim the glad i to treat the unconverted childvcw vvwd. 
newBof salvatioii through Jesas Christ j domoatics of the conveits't 1^t(^ l\vv:>f 

roc xrn. — yovHTtt bmkies. "^ 



142 JUDSON'S RENl-KOIATIOX OF IXFAN'T BAPTISM. 

to be considered menilicrs of Uic church i supper, and enjoyed all the righti and 
of Christ by virtue of the convtrhion : privileges of the church, unlcgs thej 
of the head of the family,, or not I If : were excommunicated, or, in scriptural 
they are, ought I nut to treat thorn , langua;^e, * cut oft' from the people.' 
as such 7 After they arc hnptized, can j *' Now, lot mo be consistent. Since 
I consistently st-t theia aside, as aliens , I am exhorted to walk in the steps of 
from the conmionwL^alth of Israel, | fathor Abraham, let me follow him with 
until they are readmitted 1 If they , the same faithfulness which procured 
arc not to be considered membors of him eminent praise. Let me not adopt 
the church, can I c fusistently admi- some parts of his covenant, and reject 
niBtnr to thorn the initiating ordinance ! others, as suits my own convenience, or 
of tlie church i • accords with the notions in which I 

" If I :i'l'>pt tlio Al.rahaniic cjvenunt, - have been educated. Nor let me com- 
and consiJor the Christian church a ' plain for want of example and prescrip- 
continuation of the Abrahamic or Jow- j tion. Behold the established church 
ish system, I must adopt tlie furmor of England. She proves herself, in 
part of the alternative. I nmst con- • many respects, a worthy daughter of the 
sider the children and domestics of Abraliamic or Jewish church. She 
professors as members of the clmrcli. receives into her charitable bosom all 
and treat them accordingly. Abraham. ' the descendants of professors, and all 
according to the terms of the covenant those who, though not of hor seed* 
which God made with him, circumcised belong to the families of professors ; 
not only his own sons, ]>ut all the males and these collectively come, in process 
that were liorn in his houso, or bought of time, to comprise the whole nation, 
with money. His male descendants, in This is truly Abrahamic. This is the 
the line of Isaac and Jacob, were en- very system which the ancestors of the 
titled to the same onlinance, by virtue ^ Jewish race, and thoir succeeding rulers 
of natural descent, and, together with and priests, imiformly maintained. And 
their domestics, composed tlie ancient if I claim an interest in the Abrahamic 
church, and were entitled to all its covenant, and consider the Christian 
privileges. This is put beyond a doubt > church a continuation of tho Jewish, 
by the single fact, that, in the Abra- ; why should I hesitate to prove myself 
hamic c«)mmunity, or the society of • a true child of Abraham, and a con- 
Israel, there was no separate party \ sistent Christian, by adopting this 
calling themselves, ])y way of distinc- j system in all its parts, and introducing 
tion, the cJn'rchj and saying to others, | it among the heathen ? 
who were equally circumcised witli " But I considered again : IIow does 
themselves. Stand by ; touch not the this system accord with the account of 
passover ; we are holier than you. No. . the church of Christ given in the New 
All the members of the community or Testament \ It appeared to me, from 
nation were of course members of the ; the manner in which this church com- 
church. They were entitled to church- I menced and was continued, from the 
membership by birth or purchase. , character of its members, and, in fine. 
Their church-membership was recog- | from its whole economy, so far as de- 
nized, or they were initiated into the tailed in the New Testament, that it 
church by circumcision ; and in subse- i was a company consisting of select 
quent life they partook of the passover, \ individuals, men and women, who gave 



which was the standing sacrament of 
^e church, analogous to the Lord's 



credible evidence of l>eing disciples of 
Christ; and that it had no regard to 



JUDSON'S RENUNCIATION OP INFANT BAPTISM. 



143 



natiiral descent, or accidental connex- unbelieving domcsticSy and there may 



ion with the families of professors. 

*^ When I proceeded to consider 
certain passages, which are thought to 
fiiTour the prodobaptist system, I found 
notfaiog satisfactory. 

''The sanctitication which 8t. Paul 
sBcribvB to the children of a believer 



not. Besides, I discovered some cir- 
cumstances in each of tlic cases which 
led me to conclude, that the memljers 
of the household were real biilicvcr?. 
They are expressly said to bo so in the 
case of the jailer (Acts xvi. 34) ; and 
the same is evidently ini plied in the 



(1 Cor. vii. 14) I found that he ascribed : case of Stei)hanas, when it is said that 
to the unbelieving parent also; and : they addicted themselves to the ministry 
therefore, whatever be the meaning of of the saints (1 Cor. i. 70). 
the passage, it could have no respect to « in a word, I could not find a single 
ehorch-membership or a right to church intimation in the New Testament that 
ordinances. the children and domestics of believers 

** The declaration of St. Peter, ■ The | were members of the church, or entitled 
promise is unto you, and to your chil- , t^ any church ordinance, in consequence 
dren, and to all that are afar off, even j of the profession of the head of their 
umany as the Lord our Qod shall call' ■ family. Everything discountenanced 



(Acts ii. 39), appeared not to bear at all 
oa ibe point in hand, because the 
apostle does not command his hearers 
to have their children Ijaptized, or 
idnowledged members of the church. 



this idea. When Imptisni was spoken 
of, it was always in connexion with 
believing. None but believers were 
commanded to he baptized ; and it did 
not appear to my mind that any others 



but to repent and be baptized them- ' were baijtizcd. 

ttlvei. There is indeed a promise made " Here, then, appeared a striking 
to their children, and to all others that i difference between the Abrahamic and 
God shall call ; but it dues not follow j the Christian systems. Tlie one rccog- 
that they were to procure the baptism : nized the meml)ership of children, 



of their children, or of those that were 



domestics, and remote descendants of 



afiir off, until they gave evidence that proPtssors, and tended directly to the 

God had called them. I establishment of a national religion. 

** When Christ said, concerning little The other appeared to be a selective 

children, that * of such is the kingdom : sy?tcm, acknowledging none as mem- 



of heaven* (Mat. xix. 14), it appeared 
to me that his comparison had respect, 
not to the age or size of little cliildren, 
but to the humility and docility which 
distinguish them from adults. This 



bers of the church but such as gave 
credible evidence of belioving in Christ. 
**This led mo to suspect that tliese 
two systems, so evidently different, 
could not be one and the tamo. And 



seemed to be put beyond a doubt by his now the light bc'!?an to dawn. The 
own explanation, in a similar passage, I more I read, and the more I meditated 
in which he says, * Except ye be con- j on the sulject, the UiDi-o clearly it 
verted, and become as little children, ■ appeared to mo that all my errors and 
ye shidl not enter into the kingdom of | difficulties had originated in confound- 



heaven.* (Mat. xviii. 3.) 

*The baptism of households, which 
i3 mentioned in three instances, I could 
not consider as affording any evidence 
one way or the other, because in a 



insr those two systems. I began to sec 
that since tlic very nature and consti- 
tution of th<3 church of Christ excluded 
infants and uiiregencratc dtunestics, 
repentance and faith hm\g vAwa^x^ \vi- 



housebeM ^ere may he in/hnts nnd presented as ncccssavy to cijtv^V\lwV.vi v^ 



144 



JUDSON*S RENUNCIATION OF INFANT BAPTISM. 



disciple, we had no right to expect any 
directions for, or examples of, the initi- 
ation of such unqualified persons int(> 
the church. To search for such direc- 
tions and examples in the New Testa- 
ment, would be as if the citizen of a 
republic should go to search his national 
code for laws concerning the royal 
family, which, by the very nature and 
constitution of a republic, is excluded. 
Suppose that such a citizen, disappoint- 
ed in his search, should have recourse 
to the constitution and laws of a neigh- 
bouring monarchy for the desired in- 
formation. This, it appeared to me, 
would aptly represent the proceeding 
of those who, unable to find in the 
New Testament satisfactory proof of 
the right of infants, or unregencrate 
'domestics, should have recourse to the 
Abrahamic and Jewish codes. 

''At length I adopted the following 
sentiments concerning the two churches, 
and the concern which wo have at 
present with the old dispensation. The j 
Abrahamic church was preparatory to, 
and typical of, the Christian. The con- 
stitution was radically different ; but it 
was, nevertheless, wisely adapted to 
answer the ends which God had in view. 
Natural descent or purchase was suffi- 
cient to introduce a person into this 
church ; but still it appears that in 
every age there were some who were 
truly pious ; who embraced the gospel 
promise made to Abraham before the 
covenant of circumcision was insti- 
tuted ; who also looked beyond the 
literal meaning of the requirements 
and promises contained in that cove- 
nant, to the glorious things typified 
thereby and thus exercised true faith in 
the coming Messiah, and in a better 
country, that is, the heavenly. "When 
the Messiah appeared, this preparatory 
and typical system having answered its 
end, was destined to cease ; and the 
Lord Jesus set up his kingdom on 
eaiih, tbo gospel church, composed of 



sach only as repent and believe, or 
rather give credible evidence of these 
gracious exercises. The bar of separa- 
tion l)etween the Jews and the rest of 
the world was removed ; thenceforth 
none were to plead that they had Abra- 
ham for their father ; none were to 
rest in the covenant of circumcision, 
assured that, if they did, Christ would 
profit them nothing; but it was dis- 
tinctly declared, that thenceforth there 
was neither Jew nor Greek, bond nor 
free, male nor female, but all were one 
in Christ. (Gal. iii. 28.) 

** But whereas the Abrahamic system 
was typical of the Christian, so the 
spiritual meaning of the requirements 
and promises still remains in foroe. 
Thus, by looking beyond the letter, and 
regarding the spiritual import, accord- 
ing to the example of the pious Jews, a 
great part of the Old Testament is still 
applicable to us, though the New Testar 
ment is emphatically the Christian's 
law book. The natural seed of Abra- 
ham typifies the spiritual seed. The 
land of Canaan typifies the heavenly 
land. External circumcision typifies 
the circumcision of the heart, a cir- 
cumcision made without hands, that is, 
the putting off the body of the sins of 
the flesh, even the circumcision of 
Christ. (Col. ii. 11.) Believers, there- 
fore, may embrace the promise of 
Canaan, in its spiritual application, as 
made to themselves, the spiritual seed, 
who have received the spiritual circum- 
cision. Hence, also, all the devotional 
parts of the Old Testament, particularly 
the Psalms of David, the modem be- 
liever can make his own, adopting the 
language as tbe genuine expressions of 
his own devout feelings. 

" In the s«ime way are to be explained 
all the New Testament allusions to the 
ancient dfcpensation. When, for in- 
stance, the apostle says, 'If ye be 
Christ's, then are ye Abraham^s seed^ 
and heiTB aooordin^ to the promise* 



JUDSON'S RENUNCIATION OF INFANT BAPTISM. 



145 



GaL vL 29), we are to understand, not 
Abraham's natural seed, surely, but his 
ipiritual seed, those who by faith are 
assimilated to him, and thus become 
his children ; not heirs of the land of 
Ganaan in the literal acceptation of the 
words, but heirs of the blessing of 
justification by faith, concerning which 
the apostle had been discoursing, and 
oonseqoently of the spiritual Canaan, 
the city of the living Qod, the heavenly 
Jerusalem. 

"I cannot describe to you, dear 
brethren, the light and satisfaction 
which I obtained in taking this view of 
the matter, in considering the two 
churches distinct, and in classing my 
ideas of each in their proper place. I 
became possessed of a key that un- 
locked many a difficulty which had 
kmg perplexed me; and the more I 
read the bible the more clearly I saw 
that this was the true sjrstem therein 
revealed. 

"But while I obtained light and 
satisfaction on one side, I was plunged 
in difficulty and distress on the other. 
If, thought I, this system is the true 
one ; if the Christian church is not a 
continuation of the Jewish ; if the 
covenant of circumcision is not pre- 
cisely the covenant in which Christians 
now stand, the whole foundation of 
pcdobaptism is gone ; there is no re- 
maining ground for the administration 
of any church ordinance to the children 
and domestics of professors ; and it 
follows inevitably, that I, who was 
christened in infancy, on the faith of 
my parents, have never yet received 
Christian baptism. Must, I then, for- 
sake my parents, the church with which 
I stand connected, the society under 
whose patronage I have come out, the 
companions of my missionary undertak- 
ing ? Must I forfeit the good opinion 
of all my friends in my native land, 
occasioning grief to some, and provok- 
ing others to anger, and be regarded / 



henceforth, by all of my former dear 
acquaintances, as a weak, despicable 
baptist, who has not sense enough to 
comprehend the connexion between the 
Abrahamic and the Christian systems ? 
All this was mortifying ; it was hard to 
flesh and blood. But I thought again, 
and it is better to be guided by the 
opinion of Christ, who is the truth, 
than by the opinion of men, however 
good, whom I know to be in an error. 
The praise of Christ is better than the 
praise of men. Let me cleave to Christ 
at all events, and prefer his favour 
above my chief joy. 

" There was another thing which 
greatly contributed, just at this time, 
to drive me to an extremity. I knew 
that I had been sprinkled in infancy, 
and that this had l)cen deemed baptism. 
But throughout the whole New Testa- 
ment I could find nothing that looked 
like sprinkling, in connexion with the 
ordinance of baptism. It appeared to 
me, that if a plain person should, 
without any previous information on 
the subject, read through the New 
Testament, he would never get the 
idea, that baptism consisted in sprink- 
ling, lie would find that baptism, in 
all the cases particularly described, was 
administered in rivers, and that the 
parties are represented as going down 
into the water, and coming up out of 
the water, which they would not have 
been so foolish as to do for the purpose 
of sprinkling. 

" In regard to the word itself, which 
is translated btiptism, a very little search 
convinced me that its plain, appropriate 
meaning was immersion or dipping; 
and though I read extensively on the 
subject, I could not find that any 
learned ptcdobaptist had ever been able 
to produce an instance, from any Greek 
writer, in which it meant sprinkling, 
or anything but immersion, except in 
some figurative applications, viUvdi 
could not be fairly brou^\i Vb\.o VJ!Ck% 



146 JUDSON'S RENUNCIATION OF INFANT BAFTI8H. 

question. The Rev. Professor Camp- I and their families to trouble jrou ; jefc 
bell, D.D.) of Scotland, tho most learned ■ permit me to submit the case of your 
Qrcck scholar and biblical critic of own families. In what light do you 
modern times, has the candour to dc- consider and treat them ? Do yon 
dare (though he was no baptist, and, • strictly comply with tho terms of the 
therefore, not to Ije suspected of par- Abrahumic covenant ? l>oes your con- 
tiality to the baptist system), that the duet perfectly accord with the Abra- 
word was never, so far as he knew, . hamio system 1 Do you baptize (if 
employed in the sense of sprinkling, in baptism is in tlie place of circumcision) 
any use, sacred or classical. (See his your male children, and those only, on 
note on Matt. iii. 11.) ' the eighth day after their birth ? Do 

"But as my limits will not permit ' you baptize your male domestics? and 
me to enter further into detail on this if you had slaves, would you have them 
part of the subject, I must beg leave to also baptized ] Still further, Do you 
refer you to my sermon, a copy of which ' consider your baptized children and 
will accompany this letter. Suffice it : servants members of the church, as 
to say, that whereas a consideration of circumcised Jewish children and servants 
the nature of the church convinced me were members of the Jewish church ? 
that I had never received Christian Do you acknowledge their right to the 
baptism, so a consideration of the nature j Lord's supper, as soon at least as thej 
of tho baptism convinced me that I had are capable ? and do you feel your own 
never been baptized at all, nothing j obligations to require their attendance, 
being baptism but immersion. and to discipline and exclude them if 

" Reduced to this extremity, what, they do not attend ? Circumcision was 
dear brethren, could I do ? I saw that, i the initiating ordinance of the Abra- 
in a double sense, I was uubaptized, and , hamic or Jewish church. Baptism has 
I felt the command of Clirist press on been regarded in every age, and by all 
my conscience. Now, if I quieted my ' parties, as the initiating ordinance of 
conscience in regard to my own personal tho Christian church. Baptized persons 
baptism, and concluded that, on account ; are, therefore, members of the church, 
of my peculiar circumstances, it was | And if so, is it not wrong and dangerous 
best to consult my own convenience 1 to treat them as if they were not 1 I 
rather than the command of Christ, still ' need not inform you, that among your- 
the question would return, with re- 1 t:clvc6, and among all the congregational 
doubled force. How am I treat the j churclies in New England, children and 
children and domestics of converted | servants, who were baptized on account 
heathen ? This was tho beginning of all \ of tho head of their family, are con- 
my difficulties, and this, on psadobaptist . sidered no more memlxsrs of the church 
principles, I could not resolve by the i than before — ^no more menibers of the 
bible, or by any books that I consulted, j church than others that have not been 

" In order that you may feel the try- baptized. They are, in fact, considered 
ing situation in whicli I was placed, I | and treated as out of tlie church alto- 
beg you to make the case your own, | gethor, and as having no right to any 
particularly in regard to this one point ! further church privilege, until they give 
— the treatment of the families of ! evidence of possessing religion, and 
believers. You may thus be brought I make a iwrsonal public profession. Do 
to feel the gripe of this Gordian knot, i you not hesitate, my brethren, at pur- 
as I have felt it. It is true you have i suing a course so anti-Abrahamic, so 
not the prospect of converted heathen | unacnptutal 1 Hv>vf can. y^^ ^le»d tho 



TRANSFKRRED WORDS. 147 



promises made to Abraham, when you 
so flagrantly violate tlie covenant in 
irhich they are contained, and depai-l 



ha>I so many doubts. After we removed 
to Calcutta, he found in the library in 
our chamber many books on both sidesj 



from the course divinely prescribed in i which he determined to read candidly 
his family, and in subsequent genera- \ and prayerfully, and to hold fast, or 



tions } Buty on the other liand, if you 
adopt and practise the Abrahaiiiic 



embrace the trutii, however mortifying, 
Iiowever great the sacrifice. I now 



ejstem, you will inevitably confound . commenced reading on the subject, with 
the church and the world ; you will , all my prejudices on the paidobaptist 
receive into the church multitudes who | side. We had with us Dr. Worcester's, 
are destitute of those qualifications Dr. Austin's, Teter Edwards's, and 
wMch arc represented in the New ' other pasdubaptist writings. But after 
Testament as requisite to constitute a ; dusely examining the subject for several 
member of the kingdom which Christ I weeks, we were constrained to acknow- 
ttt up ; you will ultimately establish a i ledge that the truth appeared to lie on 
national religion ; and t!iis will be as ' tho baptists' side. It was extremely 
coatrary to the system laid down in the trying to reflect on the consequences of 
Xew Testament as your present system our becoming baptists. Wo knew it 
is to tho Abrahaniic.'' - would wound and grieve our dear Chris- 

I tiau friends in America, tlmt we should 
From a letter written at the same lobC their approbation and esteem. We 
time by Mrs. Judson to her parents, j thought it probable the Connnissioners 
the [ullowing additional particulars are ' would refuse to support us ; and, what 
extracted. " After our arrival at I was more distressing than anything, wc 
Scrampore, his mind for two or throe knew we must be separated from our 
weeks was so much taken up with mis- missionary associates, and go alone to 
siooary inquiries and our difhcultius ; some heathen laud. These things were 



with govemuient, as to prevent his 
attending to. the su1>jcct of baptism. 
Bat as we were waiting the arrival of 



very trying to uf;, and caused our hearts 
to bleed for anguish. We felt we had 
no home in this world, and. no friend 



our brethren, and having nothing in but each other. Our friends at Seram- 

p&rticular to attend to, ho again took pore were extremely Burprised when wo 

up the subject. I tried to l.avc him wrote them a letter requesting baptism, 

give it up, and rest satisfied in his old as tlicy had known nothing of our 
sentiments, and frequently told liini, if ■ having had any doubts on the subject, 

he became a baptist, / fovhl /hj!. He, We were baptized, on tlie fJth of 

liowrever, said he felt it his duty to iSopcmber, in the baptist chapel in Cal- 

examine closely a subject on which he cutta.'' 



TRANSFERRED WORDS Hs TilE OwALMON ENGLISH TESTAMENT. 

yo. XV. — HABBI. 

la nine of the seventeen instances in ! and would as a title be probably rcprc- 
which this word occurs, it is translated j scuted by the ^ Excellenza ' of southern 
uiotter. ** The actual signification ot Europe, which is perhaps as common as 
Rab in ITebrew," says the editor of the Rabbi was among the Jews. It was 
Cycbpflsdia of Biblical Literature, ''is | there employed as a title in t\i(^ 3^y(v&\v 
'ft great one^' i\ f. a chief, a master; /schools in a threefold {v>tin, \\\Ol\c»Aaw^ 



148 



WAITING. 



as many degrees which might without 
much impropriety ho compared, in the 
stricter Bense, to the progressive aca- 
demical degrees of Bachelor, Master, 
and Doctor. The lowest of these degrees 
of honour was Rab. This with the 
rdative suffix became Rabbi, 'my 
master,* which was of higher dignity ; 
and beyond that was Rabban, 'great 
master ;' or with the suffix, Rabboni, 
my great master, which was the highest 
of ail. It is not certain, however, that 
this graduation of terms existed in the 
time of Christ" Campbell says " Rab- 
ban is not the name of a degree superior 
to Rabbi, though it seems intended for 
heightening the signification. It may 
be understood to denote eminent or 
learned Rabbi, and appears to have 
been but very seldom used." Gill 
ascribes the introduction of the term 
Rabbi itself to the time just before the 
appearing of our Lord ; and Olshausen 
speaks of the distinction between Rab, 
Rabbi, and Rabban, as subsequently in- 
troduced by "the Rabbins, who were 
eager after titles." The following are 
the instances in which the word Rabbi 
is found in the Greek Testament. 



Mat. xziii. 7 called of men rahbi, rabh, 

8......benot ye called rtML 

xzvi. 25 matter, is it 1 ? 

49 hail, master, and kissed him. 

Mark ix. 5 matter, it is good fur us to 

be here. 

xi. 21 matter, heboid the fig-tree. 

xir, 43 matter, matter, and kissed 

him. 

Johu i. 38 rabbi, wbich is to say being 

interpreted, master. 

49 rabbi, thou art the Son of 

God. 

iii. 2 rabbi, we know that thoa art. 

26 ra^i6t, he that was with thee. 

iv. 31 prayedhim, saying, mas/ir eat 

vi. 25 rabbi, when earnest thou 

hither? 

ix. 2 matter, who did sin, this man. 

xi. 8 matter, tbe Jews of late. 

The apostle John, in his interpreta- 
tion of the title Rabbi, uses the word 
DIDASKAL03, which is somctimcs render- 
ed in our version master, and sometimes, 
according to its primitive signification, 
teacher. Rabbi is also the word by 
which DiDASKALos, which occurs fre- 
quently in the Greek Testament^ is 
commonly rendered in the Syriac version, 
the most respectable of all the anoient 
translations. 



WAITING. 

" I wait for the liOrd^ my soul doth waitf 
And in his word do I hope.*' — Psalm cxxx. 6. 



Whoisvbb was the writer of this 
psalm it is evident that he was in 
trouble, and that he was oppressed with 
consciousness of guilt. Yet he was 
not in despair : he prayed ; ho hoped ; 
he waited. 

What was the basis of that expecta- 
tion of succour which he entertained 1 
It was revelation. From this he had 
learned the existence of a Being who 
was able to help him ; the compassion- 
ate regard of that Being for creatures 
of his rank; and the arrangementB 



which had been made for the exercise 
! of mercy to ofienders. God's word con- 
tained disclosures of a cheering cha- 
racter, and even promises to those who 
confided in him. Hope was thus excited, 
in his bosom, and his hope sustained, 
him in a prolonged season of distress. 
I *^ I wait for the Lord," said he, there- 
fore, *^ and in his word do I hope." 

How evident was the propriety of 
waiting. It ia not the divine method 
customarily to hasten to bestow those 
^£ta wVdcVi QTO moat valuable : the prin- 



ACCEPTABLE SERVICE. 149 



dple b pncticallj recognized that they 
tre worth waiting for. There was no 



mariners with Paul in their shattered 
vessel waited, when in the darkness 



other resource to which he could advan- ' they found that the depth of the water 

tageously turn, for ''power belongcth | was rapidly diminishing, and ''fearing 

unto God." It was not so important ! lest they should have fallen upon rocks, 

that help should be speedy as that it , they cast four anchors out of the stem, 

should be effectual. He has said, " They and wished for day." He waited, as 

shall not be ashamed that wait for mc." the inhabitants of JalxDsh Gilead waited, 

"Wait on the Lord and be of good , when knowing that liy noon on the 

courage, and he shall strengthen thy next day they must either reccivo 

heart.*' '* The Lord is good unto them ' succour or surrender to their cruel 

that wait for him, to the soul that besiegers^ they received the assurance, 

leeketh him. It is good that a man " To-morrow 1)y the time the sun is hot 

should both hope and quietly wait for ye shall have help." " The messengers 

the salvation of the Lord." ; came and showed it to the men of 

With mingled expectation and desire ; Jabcsh Gilead, and they were glad." 

then the Psalmist waited, as the ''I wait for the Lord," said he, "my 

agonizing patient waits at midnight, | soul doth wait, and in his word do I 

when assured that at day-break the dis- | hope. Mj soul waitcth for the Lord 

tint surgeon will commence his journey j more than they that watch for the 

toperform some operation which will give I morning, I say more than they that 

him instant relief. He waited, as the i watch for the morning." 



EVANGELICAL MORALITY. 
" Yc servants," said Dr. Chalmers, in I missncss, and what, in the prevailing 
his closing address to the people of ; tone of moral relaxation, is counted the 
Kilmany, vindicating the gospel as the allowable purloining of your earlier 
only sure basis of a sound morality, ' days ! But a sense of your heavenly 
"ye servants whose scrupulous fidelity ^Master's eye has brought another in- 

has now attracted the notice, and drawn fluence to bear upon you You 

forth in my hearing a delightful testi- have taught me that to preach Christ is 
mony from your masters, what mischief ' the only effective way of preaching 
you would have done, had your zeal for ' morality in all its branches."— ^e 
doctrines and sacraments been accom- i Missionoiy of Kilinany. 
panied by the slothful ness and the re- ' 



ACCEPTABLE SERVICE. 
Ho\7 does the deceitfulness of sin i Ah i ^hy in min pursuit of knoiif lodge rov»? 

... 1 TliC true nubilit\- of soul i? {ore. 

impose upon those who are conccrnou j 

with learning, and science, and art. \ ^^^^ q,^ ^\^q o^y^^^ l^^nd, the most 
These have, indeed, a more spiritual j ordinary occupation, if performed in 
appearance, and seem to us high and the love of God, and for His sake, is a 
noble works. Not one in ten reflects I noble and spiritual employment, as Dr. 

that if even works of this nature arc j i^uther lias said : 

not begun and ended in the love and 
honour of Qod, all learning and science 
are only a servile duty, only a common 
Krricc, no better than that of the 
pekSMnt behind the plough. 



" Not more dovDUt tho prlcpt can 1»'\ 
Than Clnielian hoUacinaiil with her broom, 
Her work purauinij fftithfuUy." 

^ThofucViUuun 0/ CKK«tiaa Decolxou. 



roL, xrti. — rouRTit bkbjks, »s 



uu 



KIBKaiOKA PASS AND YALE OF lAOUTfiBCK. 



Iir Kiriutose Pka rads itonnrwBn rifi^ 

Tbo wraUhing doudi iroond* 
Tom bf tba winds in ehangeftil Btzifl^ 

Tbo deflle'i heights enwoond. 

And banting from tholr rocky path, 
Tho swollen streams mshed on, 

Bo-cohoing load tho storm- wind's wmtb 
In (tarftd nniaon. 

Fitrot gimpplings with the tompsst-fot. 

Faint puses of disnuf. 
Wasted our strength as woarilj 

IVe forced onr npward way. 

The hoight is gained— the storm hath past ; 

Its tuital ragings cease ; 
Tho giadden'd eye may rest at last 

Oa Troatbeck'B vale of peace. 

The ereniag beam breaks o'er the vale, 

Gilding its green repose- 
How softly on the altered gale 

"nie TOf per music flows. 

And soon on distant Windormere 

The loTeliest gleam is lying, 

To the heaven above her, bright and dear 

The blissful wave replying. 

• • • • 

Oh ! lifo hath many a Pass with storms. 
Where clouds are darkly hung, 

And oft in strange bowUdefing forms 
Athwart our path are flung. 

Lond beats tho tempest o'er our heads. 
And, mighty in their force. 



Th« gathering waten bunt th«fr beds, 
And check our dnbioos conraou 

Fieroa grappUngs with the spirit foe. 

Faint pauses of dismay,— 
These are our lot, as weak and slow 

Wc force our upward way. 

But when the toilsome height is won. 

Stilled is tho tempests' roar, 
Tho wreathing rapour^ dense and dun, 

Udt into light onoe more. 

And throngh the safb and shelter'd vale 

Our onward pathway lies, 
Whore song-birds pour on ereniug's gale 

Their soothing melodies. 

And sunlight o'er tho landscape spreads. 

And, in tho distance bright, 
The mirrored hearen a radiance dieda 

Of soft and pearly light. 

Our hearts revive— the wildered sigh 

To smiling hope gives room. 
More peaceful fur the storm past by, 

More bright fbr vanldied gloom. 

Why is it thus f Why hope we yet 

To outlive each blast of ill ? 
One, One for us the storm bath mot. 

His aid is with ns stlU. 

Through Him our steps that height ahall giln, 

Where, life's last t«*mpest o'er, 
Tlic past shall change from toil and pain 
To gloiy evermore. 
From " Thtmghti and Sktt^m tm Vtne &y OatnUnt DenC* 



HEAVEN'S ASSEMBLY. 



Sea yonder Heavenly band, 

Bound the bright throne they stand. 

Ask whenoe they came ; 
"All peoples, lands, and tongue. 
Yield to this heavenly throng. 
Hark, how we Join in song ; 

Men of all namo." 

Ask what has brought them there. 
Shining so bright and teir— 

In robes so white ; 
" Wo once polluted stood, 
Bnt, ere we came to God, 
Waah'd all our robes in blood ; 

Now pure as light. 

*' Blood, not from human voins. 
That could not purge our stains- 
Could not atone ; 
Christ stood in sinner's stead. 
His blood for man he shed, 
Thro' Him our peace waa madfr— 
Thio* Him alone. 



" In Him we all appear. 
His death has brought us here, 

Happy and fireo : 
Hero we unite our lays, 
Here wo shall ever praise 
God'o rich and sovereign grace ; — 

Heaven's family. 

" Here the once blinded Jew 
Meets the poor proud Hindoo, 

Hearts now the same ; 
Here men of rank and fame 
Meet poor of meanest name. 
Whilst all aloud proclaim 

Worthy the Lamb!" 

what a joyons place, 
Fitted by matchless grace 

For such employ ; 
May all the world appear 
In vast assenbly tbefe. 
And, without ai^ or tear, 

fihar»intbeJoy. 



VJ 



1£1 



REYIEWS. 



A» EgpotiAm ^ ihe Epistle ^ Paul the in Galatu^ false teachers came among 
Apostle to the Oalatians, By John them^ insisting that submission to dr- 
BsoWy B.D., Professor qf Exegetical cumcision and observance of the Mosaio 
Theoiogy to the United Presbyterian law were necessary to salvation, as well 
Gkyrefc, and semar Pastor ^f the United j as fidth in Jesus as the Messiah ; and 
Pre s b yt et k m Cfengreyatien, Broughion 
Plaee^ EJ^nbfsrgh^ Edinburgh: William 
Olipbuit akl Son. London : Hamiltoo, 
iudaau, and Co. 8to. Pp. zzx. 451. 
PncelSi. 

BibReal Commentary on Si. Paufs Epistles 
to the Galatietns, Epheeians, Colossians, 
and Thessalonkms, By Hcrmaitn Ol- 
fHAiSBr, D.D., Pro/esoor of Theology in 
the UniversUy of Erlangcn, Transimted 
from the Oerman by a Clergyman of the 
Chmeeh ^ England. Edinbiugh : T. and 
T. Clark. 6va Pp.511. 

Thibtt years ago, in the discharge of 
pastoral duties, the writer of this article 
delivered a series of discourses on the 
epistle to the Galatians. Whatever 
might be the result in regard to his 
hearers, the effect upon himself was 
that he felt thenceforward a lively 
interest in that portion of the inspired 
writings, and a permanent conviction of 
its essential importance in the formation 
of a correct theological system. At 
that time he had not many books, and 
he found it necessary to examine in- 
dependently all the geographical and I have materially aflfocted the complexion 
chronological questions that presented of the letter which he would write, 
themselves, instead of relying, as he ! When we have the letter before us to 
might perhaps have done otherwise, on ' interpret, our view of the apostle's 
the guidance of others ; though, in fact, meaning will in like manner be affected 
some of those which are now in high by our acquaintance with such a fact as 
repute were not then written. this, if known to be fact, or by our 

The occasion of the epistle was of belief that the apostle when he wrote it 
course a topic for inquiry, and this had never been at Jerusalem at all to 
seemed happily obvious. The views | talk with his seniors on any such 
which we formed are expressed neatly | matter. 

and exactly by Dr. Brown in a single i We are sorry to find that thfi o>^\w\o\5l 
Bentenoe : ^Boon nfter the npostle bad j we deliberately fonoLcd, mA «i\.«t tt^- 
yt the dmrobey wbieb be had planted • quent re-conBidoT^,tioiv \\kv^ \^Xi\i "t^- 

/ 



as these sentiments were directly opposed 
to the doctrines taught by the apostle, 
they endeavoured to pave the way for 
their reception by shaking the oon« 
fidenoe of the Galatian converts in hla 
authority or integrity." In other words, 
the case among the Galatians was the 
same as that which occurred in Syria 
when, as we are told in the fifteenth 
chapter of the Acts, " Certain men who 
came down from Judsea taught the 
brethren, saying, * Except ye be drcum* 
cised after the manner of Moses ye can- 
not be saved.' ' Ye must be circumcised 
and keep the law."* 

But was the subject agitated in 
Galatia before, or after the agitation of 
it at Antioch ? Did the apostle write 
to the Galatian converts before, or after 
he and Barnabas and certain others, 
at the request of the disciples at 
Antioch, went thence to Jerusalem 
" unto the apostles and elders about this 
question ?" Whether such a deputation 
had been sent and received its answer, 
or not, Paul liimself being one, must 



152 



THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANa 



tained, differs from that of both the 
reflpectable authors whose names aro at 
the head of this article. It is consola- 
tory, however, to have learned that our 
views had been previously held by some 
men of eminence both in ancient and in 
modem times. 

The church-meeting at Jerusalem 
recorded in the fifteenth chapter of the 
Acts, delusively though commonly called 
The First Council, was held according to 
Obhausen's Chronological Tables in the 
year 62. The conversion of Paul took 
place according to the same tables in 
the year 35. How was he employed 
daring this interval of seventeen years 1 
He began to preach Christ as soon as 
he was baptized, and there is no reason 
to suppose that aftenrards ho became 
indolent ; yet nothing like the annals of 
an active life are presented to us in the 
Acts of the Apostles. It was not the 
design of the Avriter to give a continuous 
history of the labours of the twelve, or 
of any one of them. Some important 
incidents in the life of Paul are told ; 
but others, with which wo have become 
acquainted, because adverted to in his 
own correspondence, are not recorded 
by Luke. It is no proof that he did 
not go into Arabia, or that he did 
not itinerate in Illyricum, tliat these 
journeys are not mentioned in the Acts : 
we know of them in consequence of 
incidental references made to them else- 
where. Whole years arc passed over in 
which we have no more precise in- 
formation respecting his exertions than 
that he was '* publishing the word of 
the Lord"— "fulfiUing his ministry"— 
'' teaching much people." There was 
one tour, in which he was accompanied 
by Barnabas, commencing at Antioch 
in Syria and concluding at the same 
place, which occupied according to 
01shau8en*s tables five years, and accord- 
2Dg to Bome others eight, anecdotes of 
wbicli are contained in the thirteenth 
Mad fourteentb chapters of the Acts. 



This was in Asia Minor, of which, if the 
reader will look at a map, he will see 
that Galatia was the central province. 
''That province of Asia Minor," says 
Rosenmuller,'* ''which joined Cappadocia 
and Pontus on the east, Paphlagonia on 
the north, Bithynia and part of Phrygia 
on the west, and Phrygia and Cappadoda 
on the south, was called Galatia. The 
inhabitants were of Celtic or Qallic 
origin." Now Paul and Barnabas com- 
menced their operations in the peninsula 
at Perga in Pamphylia, quite in the 
south ; thence they proceeded to Antiooh 
in Pisidia, a part of Phrygia, which lay 
to the north of Pamphylia ; thence they 
proceeded eastward to loonium^ and 
Lystra, and Dcrbe, cities of Lycaonia, 
"and into the region that lieth roond 
about, and there they preached the 
gospel." Here then we find the mis- 
sionaries in a district adjoining Galatia, 
according to that division of the pro- 
vinces generally recognized, but another 
division had been introduced by the 
Romans. "By this division," says 
Olshausen, ''the Roman province of 
Galatia certainly comprised Lycaonia^ 
along with Dcrbe and Lystra: but 
according to Pliny at least (Hist Nat. 
V. 27) only a part of Lycaonia, while an- 
otlier part of it seems to have belonged 
to Cilicia." It would require express 
testimony to con^-ince us that Paul and 
Barnabas did 7iot go among the Galatians 
when they were so near them, and 
remained in the peninsula so long. 
It is much more likely that they visited 
them more than once than that they 
did not visit them at all. They were 
twice at Derbe and L^'stra and Iconium 
and Antioch (Acts ziv. 20, 21) ; twice 
they went through Pisidia and Pam- 
phylia (verse 24) ; and it is quite pro- 
bable that they passed through Galatia 
repeatedly. This observation is not 



\ 






THE EH6TLE TO THE QALATIA]!9S. 



158 



unimportant; because it meets the 
argament on which some who oppose 
our views lay the greatest stress. 
Among these is Dr. Kitto, who in the 
fiist edition of his Pictorial Bible 
obserres that it was the ancient opinion 
that this was the first in date of all the 
epistles of Paul, and that this opinion 
baa been adopted and advocated with 
his UBOul ability by Michaelis. But, in 
the edition of 1848, omitting this, ho 
remarks that Michaelis and others in 
advocating an early date "appear to 
haTe UD accountably overlooked the 
apostle^s phraseology in iv. 13, where 
he speaks of circumstances connected 
with his preaching the gospel among 
the Galatians, r6 irpSnpovy U/i€ former 
time,* an expression which clearly in- 
dicates that at the period the epistle 
was written he had been at least twice 
in Galatia." This argument may be 
traced from book to book during the 
last five and twenty years among those 
writers on such subjects who have gone 
with the multitude. But what prevented 
the apostle visiting Oalatia ''at least 
twice," during the four or five years 
that he spent in Asia Minor? When 
he went with Silas to Derbe, Lystra, 
and Iconium, they went also " through- 
oat Phrygia and the region of Galatia ;" 
(xvj. 1 — 6.) What should have hindered 
his taking the same route when he went 
to the same places with Barnabas ? It 
was not intending to explore new fields 
of labour that he undertook the journey 
in which Silas accompanied him : his 
proposal to his former colleague had 
been, ''Let us go again and visit our 
brethren in every city where wo have 
preached the word of the Lord, and see 
how they do " (xv. S6). In a subsequent 
tour (zviii. 36), Galatia, and Phrygia 
were in like manner joined together : 
they "went over all the country of 
Galatia and Phrygia in order, strength- 
ening the diBcplee, " 
When ito/ and Bstmabas had re- I 



turned from their tour, after an absence 
of several years, to their friends at 
Antioch in Syria, we arc told that they 
*• rehearsed all that God had done with 
them, and how he had opened the door 
of faith to the gentiles ; and there they 
abode long time with the disciples.** 
During this " long time " it was probably 
that intelligence was brought that the 
Galatian churches had given heed to 
some new comers who taught another 
gospel. Paul's anxieties were at once 
awakened ; he earnestly wished that he 
could be with his misguided friends^ and 
restore them to correct views of the 
sufficiency of that gospel which he had 
proclaimed among them with delight, 
and which they had so cordially 
I embraced. Unable, however, to show 
, his tender regard for them with the 
effective living voice, he promptly ex- 
presses his astonishment and grief in 
writing. He assures them that though 
he had come among them as a mission- 
ary, it was not as sent on any human 
errand or commissioned by any human 
authority ; that Jesus Christ had 
j selected him for the service and given 
; him his message ; and that he had 

I 

i never consulted others as to whether he 

! should undertake the work or not, or in 

I what manner he should perform it. It 

I was by direct revelation, he maintains^ 

that he had received the system that 

he taught ; he had been engaged in the 

work for three years before he had 

intercourse with another apostle, and 

when he met Peter himself it was not 

as an inferior either in knowledge or 

station, but ns an equal. Having thus 

prepared the way, he enters on the 

subject argumentatively, shows that by 

the gospel believers were relieved from 

bondage to the ancient law, and exhorts 

his friends to stand fast in the liberty 

with which Christ had made them free.*' 

All this was relevant and \n ^il^c^ 

harmony with the facta, a\i\)^o%\T\^ \\i<^ 

epistle to have been written B.t knXao^^i 



U4 



THE £PIBTL£ TO TH£ GALATIAK6. 



before the cveaU took place which are 
recorded in the fifteenth chapter of the 
Acts ; but afterwards, the propriety of 
treating the subject in this waj would 
have been, to say the least, problem- 
atical. The opinion expressed by Calvin 
s^peals strongly to the common sense of 
all impartial readers, when he says : — 

" I think that it was written not only 
before Paul had seen Rome but before 
that consultation had been held and the 
decision of the apostles given ajjout 
ceremonial observances. While his 
opponents were falsely pleading the 
name of the apostles, and earnestly 
striving to ruin Paul, what carelessness 
would it have argued in him to pass by 
the decree universally circulated among 
them, which struck at those very per- 
sons ! One word would have shut 
their mouth, — ' You bring against me 
the authority of the apostles, but who 
does not know their decision ? and, 
therefore, I hold you convicted of 
unblushing falsehood. In their name 
you oblige the Gentiles to keep the law, 
but I appeal to their own writing, which 
sets the consciences of men at liberty.' " - 

Paley, without giving a decided 
opinion, speaks of the ooinmon supposi- 
tion of the identity of the journey 
recorded in the fifteenth of the Acts, 
with that, fourteen years after Paul's 
conversion, mentioned in the epistle as 
''^encumbered with strong objections." 
After mentioning one or two, he adds, 
** But a greater difficulty remains, viz., 
that in the account which the epistle 
gives of what passed upon this visit at 
Jerusalem, no note is taken of the 
delil)eration and decree which are 
recorded in the Acts, and which, accord- 
ing to that history, formed the business 
for the sake of which the journey was 
undertaken. The mention of the coun- 
cil and of its determination, whilst the 
apostle was relating his proceedings at 



Jerusalem, could hardly have been 
avoided, if, in truth, the narratiye be- 
long to the same journey. To me it 
appears more probable that Paul and 
Barnabas had taken some journey to 
Jerusalem, the mention of which is 
omitted in the Acts." * Yet even this 
does not present the full amount of 
the difficulty. How difficult is it to 
reconcile with the transparency of the 
apostle's character the language'that be 
; uses in the epistle, if, in fact, he had 
been to Jerusalem previously ' unto the 
apostles and elders about this question/' 
It is possible, perhaps, so to explain 
each phrase as to preclude a oonvicticA 
1 of positive falsehood ; but it seems 
; scarcely possible so to read the letter ae 
to avoid the conviction that the writer 
wislied to produce an impression not 
quite in accordance with the fact that 
lie ]iad l)ecn one of a deputation to 
Jerusalem '^ about this question ;" that 
the apostles and elders had oome to- 
gether ^* to consider of this matter ; '* 
tliat he and others had conveyed the 
decision in writing to those who had 
deputed them ; and that afterwards he 
had gone through the cities wliich be 
had previously visited and " delivered 
them the decrees to keep that were 
ordained of the ai)ostles and elders 
which were at Jerusalem." Surely, if 
all this had taken place when he wrote 
the letter, so thoroughly frank and 
honest a man as Paul could not have 
expressed himself in suoh terms as it 
contains, without some modification or 
supplementary remark ! 

An incidental confirmation of the 
early date of the epistle occurs in the 
account which it gives of the dissimula- 
tion of some Jews who were with Peter 
at Antioch. It is said, ^ Insomuch that 
Barnabas also was carried away witli 
their dissimulation.*' Who is Barnabas ? 
we may imagine some Galatian reader 



* Caivin on G4I. il. 1. 






* \\oT« '^&w\\u:&. Qii^VNKtA. 



Yti, if be were accompanied 
abaa, his cntnmee among them 
V4 been before tha consultation 
alem ; for aFter that, Paul and 
■ did not travel together. ^Vhile 
■0 haimoniouBlf acting together 
ich, it wm quite to the purpose 
"Insomuch that Bamaba? bIbo 
Ried away," but after their 
ment and separatioa to haro 

to the temporary defection of 
IS would bftve been uiuecinl; ' 
lertineut. | 

•cting the dnte of the epittle, i 
wn doei not formally pronounce I 
at. He merely Bttys, " Some 
ppoeed this to be the first epistle ! 

by Paul. This is the opinion | 
ullian and Epiphanius. OtherB 
r it lu probably one of the last 
». This is the opinion of Theo- 

Chryaostom says it was written 
jly to the epistle to the Bomons. 
ly internal indication of date is 
, 6 ; bat it is impoBsible to say 
r "so Boon" refers to n short 

inferrening between their re- 
' the coswl from tlie apostle and 



The apace which wo have occupied 
with this chronological question — a 
question which seems to us to be Teiy 
important — wi!l prevent our going at 
length on the present occasion into 
other qncstiong which welt deserve 
examination. This, however, is the 
lcs3 to be regretted, as it is possible to 
say in a few words that the learning, the 
judgment, and the Christian feeling 
evinced in Dr. Brown's work entitle it 
to esteem and confidence. The mors 
CTitcnsive its circulation, the better for 
the churches. On most of the topics 
w)iich pass under review, though not 
quite on all, his views correspond with 
our own. Br. Olshausen is a clever 
anatomist, but Br. Brown possesses 
evangelical taste as well as erudition. 
On the principal topics discussed in the 
epistle his sentiments appear to be clear 
and just. "The law '' is an expression 
which occurs in the epistle very fre- 
quently, and in a specific sense. Of 
this Dr. Brown says well: "It is 
obviously the Mosaic institution viewed 
as a whole. It is nrithcr what has 
been termed the moral law, nor the 



16(5 



THE EPISTL£ TO THE QALATIANS. 



tion both of the fact that God was : pFoxnUe was made : saying, " I hate 
disposed to i^ardon tho human vioktora ! already stated my reasons for under- 
of his kw, and of the way in which ; standing Hhe seed ' here of the Messiah, 
this pardon was to bo dlspeDsod ; and ' and of course rendering the words 'till 



(8) as a means of preserving the Israel- 
itish people distinct from other nations, 
that this exhibition of the character 
and claims and intentions of God might 



the seed should come, in reference to 
whom the promise was made.' The 
promise referred to is, 'in thy seqd 
shall all the families of the earth be 



not bo lost in the prevailing moral blessed^ — a promise made not to the 
darkness which covered the earth/' Messiah, but in reference to the Messiah. 

In expounding the well known words, This view of the law being rendered, 
'*' lie saith not. And to seeds, as of many, i by the transgressions of the Israelites, 
but as to one. And of thy seed which is i necessary to preserve them a separate 
Christ," Dr. Brown takes what we | people, and to gain the ends connected 
consider to be the right course, acknow- ! with this till the coming of the Mes- 
ledging that this would l>e inconclusive siah, when the necessity of this order 
if it were intended for argument, but ; of things should cease, exactly corre- 
that it is to be regarded as authoritative ; spends with what the apostle afterwards 
interpretation. " The truth is, tlicre is i says of the Israelitish people, as ' kept * 
no ground to suppose that it is the : imprisoned^ confined, shut up, by the 
statement of an argument at all. It is i law.'* 

just as Riccaltoun observes, * a critical We confess however that we do not 
explicatory remark.' It is just as if he | see the propriety of Dr. Brown's dc- 
had said. In the passage I refer to, the ' parture from the common translation, 
word seed is used of an individual, just and all other recognized translations, to 
as when it is employed of Setli, Gen. iv. speak of the seed in reference to whom 
25, where he is called * another seed,' the promise was made, instead of to 
and said to be given in the room of vrhom the promise was made. The 
Abel whom Cain slew. In looking Pauline doctrine seems to us to be that 
carefully at the promise recorded, Gen. ! the sole heir of the promises made to 
xxii. IG — 18, the phrase ^ sccd^ seems | Abraham and his seed is tho MessiaL 
used with a different reference in the , Some of those promises were designedly 
two parts of the promise, the first part ' made to Messiah at first, when the one 
of the 17th verse plainly referring j glorious descendant of Aliraham wtB 
to a class of descendants ; the last \ exclusively referred to, as in the case 



above cited, when it was said, "not 
unto seeds as of many ; but as of one, 



clause and the 18th verse to an indi- 
vidual, and that individual is Christ. 
There is no doubt that this is the fact — And to thy seed, which is Christ," 
that "* in thy seed shall all the families ' Others of the promises however had a 



of the earth be blessed,' the reference 
is not to the descendants of A1>raham 
generally, nor to his descendants by 



plural object, as their phraseology 
shows: it miglit bo said of them, He 
saith not to thy seed as of one, but as 



Isaac, nor to his spiritual descendants, I of many. But these had all been for- 



but to Iiis great descendant tho Mes- 
siah." Consistently with this, and we 
believe with the apostle's design, he 
explains the declaration that the law 
was added because of transgressions till 
the seed should come to whom the 



felted by the misconduct or unbelief of 
those to whom they were made, so that 
none was entitled to the blessings they 
contemplated but God's One Righteous 
Servant. Other men indeed enjoy the 
Ues&vDLgjft \.VvcQivx9}\ ^^*^ Qonnezion with 



SPECULATIVE PHILOSOPHY. 



m 



him, bat only in virtue of that con- 
nexion — ^a connexion whicli is estab- 
lished exdusivelj by faith. '^ If ye be 
Christ's then are ye Abraham's seed, 
and heirs according to the promise." 
Bat we could scarcely expect to find 
this brought out explicitly in the works 
of Dr. Brown, as it clashes with a 
dterished principle of that denomina- 
tion of which he is a distinguished 
onuunent* 



Bittorieed Development of Speculative 
PhUoBophy^from Kant to Hegel. From 
the German of Dr, H. M. Ghalybaus^ 
Professor of Pkilosophi/ in the toiiver- 
tity of Kiel, By the Eev, E, Eder- 
Aeimy Old Aberdeen, Edinburgh. T. 
and T.Clark. 8vo. Pp. 44-3. Price 
108. 6d. 18o4. 

The power and final prevalence of 
truth have passed into a proverb: 
** Great is truth, and it will prevail.'* Its 
oltimate victory is part of th') popular 
faith of most nations. In the mean- 
time, however, error seems clothed with 
iome of its attributes. It grows as 
rapidly, propagates as easily ; and if in 
one quarter it dies down or is crushed 
out, it springs up elsewhere with a 
vitality at least as vigorous as that of 
Its rival. 

All departments of inquiry illustrate 
this statement ; but especially the 
department which is dignified with the 
name of philosophy. It was once said, 
for example, that Locke maintained the 
senses to be the only source of know- 
ledge. The statement has been repeat- 
edly corrected ; men have his writings 
in their hands, and a good index gives 
references to whole pages that discuss 
the ideas which have their origin in the 
reoion, and. yet the echo of the error 
Btill reverberates through Europe, and 
elicits on all sides doubt or rebuke, 
according to tbe taste of the hearer. In 
rcr. xrjt. — fourth seribr. 



this view of Lockeism originated the 
sceptical theories of David Hume and 
the common-sense principles of Dr. 
Reid. To the same view we owe much 
of the jaunty philosophizings of our 
southern neighbours, and part at least 
of the heavy philosophy of Qermany. 
In truth, however, the errors of modem 
inquiry on these questions are older by 
centuries than this history of them 
implies. A quiet listener may hear 
Plato in the Academus and Cicero at 
Tusculum discussing the same themes 
and settling them with nearly as much 
satisfaction to themselves, and with 
nearly as much conviction to their dis- 
ciples. 

But though in philosophy, as in other 
matters, men repeat themselves, and the 
thing that is, is the thing also that has 
been, the study is not useless. Older errors 
appear under new forms. Good can 
sometimes be known only through evil^ 
and is often most impressively illustrated 
by it. All systems of philosophy, more- 
over, contain portions of truth, which 
the earnest, humble inquirer will recog- 
nize and combine. In the end we shall 
have a system of ethics and of mcta- 
pliysics — a philosopliy of human nature 
and morality — in complete harmony 
with scripture and experience. 

On these grounds we give a cordial 
welcome to this volume. It contains 
the substance of a series of lectures 
delivered in Dresden during the year 
lt<35-6. TIio audience was composed of 
philosophers and practical men, whoso 
knowledge of philosophy had hardly 
kept pace with the progress (somewhat 
rotatory) of the science, and who wished 
to learn in any easy way all that had 
been written and settled since they were 
students. To meet the necessities of 
this class, Dr. Chalybiius prepared these 
lectures. He is himself pronounced by 
a most competent authority (Sir William 
Hamilton) to be an acute sp^GuYtNXOT,^ 
/air critic, and a ludd wivlcT. "M^ 



158 



WORKS OF JOHN BUNTAN. 



panes tinder review the sjstems of 
Kant, Jacobi, Herbart, Fichte, Schlier- 
macher, Schelling, and Hegel, analyzing 
and comparing the whole. Cousin's 
lectures on the history of philosophy wc 
have already commended.* For Oer- 
man philosophy, however, this work of 
Chalybaus is preferable, and is the best 
we have seen ; it is comprehensive and 
compendious; elementary, and yet for 
most English readers sufRciently pro- 
found. E'jsi/ reading, wo can scarcely 
call it ; but if any wish to form acquaint- 
ance with the modem speculative sys- 



appropriated to the Allegorical, Figura- - 
tive, and Symbolical ; it includes there- '- 
fore those productions in which the - 
author's peculiarities are most obvious, 
and which constituted the basis of hii - 
fame. In his other publications there • 
is much that is admirable and adapted -- 
for usefulness, but they would never 
have received the degree of notice they 
have obtained, liad they not appeared 
with the name of an author whoso . 
celebrity was already great. 

Tlie Pilgrim's Progress is so gone- 
rally known that it cannot bo necessary 



terns of our Saxon neighbours, he has ! to sny anything about its intrinsic 
here all the materials easily accessible, excellence. This edition, we are told 
The risks of such a study are small, pro- by the editor, is prepared from a care- 
vided it be thoroitfjh and huhM\ Pride | ful 'collation of the twelve editions 
and superficiality are safe nowhere, and , published by the author during his life, 
least so {moral subjects apart) in Ocr- ** It embraces the whole allegory in its 
man metaphysical speculation. To the native simplicity and beauty; illustrated 
reader who does not care to go through with appropriate engravings; and vari- 
the book, and who had therefore better i orum notks ; being extracts from Bun- 
not begin it, we may say that it reminds ; yan's various treatises which illustrate 



us somewhat of the ancient Midianites. 
Each system attacks the rest, and we 



the Pilgrim's Progress, together with 
the mc>st striking and valuable notes 



soon form the conviction that if the ! by Clieever, Macauley, Newton, Mason, 
struggle continue long enough, the ; Scott, Ivimey, Burder, ^Mc NicoU, Dr. 
errors of the whole will fall by their ' Dodd, and other commentators, with a 
2971 hands. A. few by the editor. To preserve the 

uniformity of the text, the fac similes 



The Works of Joiix Buntax. THV/^ mi 
Introduction to each Treiti^, Xotes, 
and a Sketch of his Ufe^ Times, mui 
Contemporaries. Vohnne ITL Alle- 
gorical, Figurafive' and Sf/mbolical. 
Edited hj Otorge Offor, Eaq, Glas- 
gow and London: Blackie and Son, 
1953. Imp.8vo. pp. Ixxix. 700. Cloth. 

The two former volumes of this series 
were brought before the attention of 
our readers and commended to their 
patronage in May, 1052. They con- 
tained those of Bunyan's writings which 
were designated Experimental, Doc- 
trinal, and Practical. This volume is 



• Se9 BtptiBt A/aguinp, Dee. JS'2. 



of all the original woodcuts, with the 
vorse under each, are placed together in 
the order in wliicli they first appeared ; 
presenting a short pictorial outlino of 
the principal scenes of this spiritual 
pilgrimage, in those rude representa- 
tions which so delighted and interested 
us in our chilJliood." 

The Holy War, which was not pub- 
lished till four years after the first part 
of ; the Pilgrim's Progress, though 
esteemed by eminent judges a work of 
greater genius than its forerunner, has 
never been equally popular. The reason 
why this book has not been read by as 
many thousands or translated into as 
many languages as its more celebrated 
\compaii\oti V* e^^^ ^^«ttie^Vi\i\ft. It 



WORKS OF JOHN BUNYAN. IM 



nqaires a much more profound ao- 
quaintance with theology to under- 
stand the Holy War than to see the 



editor remarks that thia is the only- 
work proceeding from the prolific pen 
and fertile imagination of ;^Bunyan in 



symbolic design ot the Pilgrimage. I which he uses terms that, in this delicate 



But, further, it is scarcely possible for 
any one to regard this work with com- 
placency, who does not rolinquiish his 



and refined age, may give offence. The 
vices that prevailed in the reign of 
Charles the Second could not, how- 



self-will, and submit himself entirely to | ever, be described in language fit for a 
the authority of God. The heart must , modum drawing room. Ministers may 
be subdued, as well as the intellect, or gain assistance in their work from thd- 
the Holy War will not be at once under- insight these conversations afford into 
stood and enjoyed. Kor is this all. i the customs and modes of thought 
.Some who are not Calvinists are devout j which prevail even now among the 
men ; but no one who is not a Calvinist * vulgar wicked, especially if they have 
can enter fully into tlic spirit of this never acquired much practical know- 
performance. Grace reigns so com- ' ledge of the more ignorant and aban- 
pletely in the author's theory, and that , doned classes. 

theory is so thoroughly incorporated It is not necessary to go into detail 
with the allegory, that acquiescence in respecting tlie other treatises contained 
the peculiarities of Calvinism is more in tliis third volume. The principal 
or leae distinctly required. It is not ^ arc. The Iloly City, or The New Jerusa- 
wonderful, then, that the adrnirers of ' letn — Solomon's Temple Spiritualiaed — 
the Holy War should bo a more select I The House of the Forest of Lebanon — 
band than the admirers of the Pilgrim's . The Water of Life — The Barren Fig 
Progress. Nay, it is not after all so Tree — A Few Sighs from Hell, one of 
much a book to be admired as to be : Bunyan's earliest work?, with a com- 
felt. Wo liavo read it repoatudly, but niendatory preface by John Gilford, hig 
of late years we could never read it : pastor, and which went through nine 
without weeping. It melt£<, and subdues, ; editions in the author's lifetime. To 
and tends to the production of a pcni- . these must be added Divine Emblems, 
tent contrite frame, beyond any other | or Temporal Things Spiritualized in 
book that wo ever met witli. that it , Verse, wliich was first published under 
were more read in the present day by tlic title of, "A Look for Boys and 
the members of Christian churches, and Girls.'* 

their pastors I They would not find that A fjw words must be added respect- 
they had wasted the hours they expended j ing the edition. It is so much superior 
on this allegory. to all that have preceded it, that it 

Tiie Life and Death of Mr. Badman must necessarily throw them into the 
b not an allegory but a [dialogue, in shade and establish for itself an uncon- 
which the character, deeds, and end of tested superiority. It is well and accu- 
an imaginary specimen of wickedness ratcly printed, which is more than can 
arc portrayed and made the foundation be said of its predecessors. It is 
for judicious comments. The dilTcrent ' enib;;llished with numerous and costly 
stages of the bad man's life are traced ; ^ engravings. Bat,'above all, its possessors 
there are anecdotes of his childhood, his * are indescribably indebted to the indus- 
apprenticeship, his commencement as a I try and zeal of the skilful editor. Mr. 
tradesman, his courtsliip, his marriage, | Off or is as sLrongly attached to cvery- 
his bankruptcy, and so on to the end, thing pertaining to the awl\ioi«A\.\kOM^ 
Ouvagb A £re»t number of scenes. The! he had a vested iutcTest Vu '&\]jv^^% 



10() 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



repntation. He has'spared neither pains 
nor expense, determined to procure 
everything that could in the slightest 
degree elucidate any production of Bun- 
yan's pen. The elaborate Introduction 
to the Pilgrim's Progress, prefixed to 
the edition Tvhich he kindly prepared 
for the Hansard KnoUys Society, he has 
enlarged and re -written. A new memoir, 
compiled with great research and care, 



he has now furnished. Every one of 
the productions or supposed productions 
of Bunyan's pen he has critically ex- 
amined, retaining the genuine and. 
rejecting the spurious. The notes that 
accompany the text, page by page, 
elucidate and adorn it. The preparation 
has been the favourite work of Mr. 
Ofifor's life, and it will be his most 
durable monument. 



BRIEF NOTICES. 




■ hftvinff performed his twk in a manner trWcb 
would hare l)ecn so thorouglily approred by hii 
honoured uncle. 

Christology of the OH Tettament, and a Cow- 
mentary on the Messianic Prtdietiont^ Bji 
E. W. Hexcstenbkrc, Doctor, and Pro- 
fessor of Theology in Berlin. Second Edilitm 
greatly improted. Translated from ih 
German by the Rev. Theod. Meyer. 
Hebrew Tutor in tlie \ew ColLge, Edinlnu^h 
Vol. /. Edinburgh : T. and T. Clart 
London : Hamilton, Adams, and Co. 1854 
8vo. Pp. vL 5:>0. 

ThU is the first volume of a new scriei o 
that very respectable work, Clark's Foreigi 
Theological Library. On this account wi 



Irish,* ' $Y. By his Nephew, H ucn A nde ii- 
■osr. ]^inbarah ; W. P. Kennedy. London : 
Hamilton, Adams, and Co. \S5L 8vo. 
Pp. tL 460. 

The biographical sketch with which oar pre- 

■ent number opens is derired from this Tolume ; 

and brief as it is, it will doubtless incline many 

to become purchasers. The late Mr. Anderson 

was an intelligent, acute, and energetic man, a 

fiuidnating speaker, and an able tactician. A 

fondness for power was beliered to be a marked 

fieature of his character ; but this is attributed, 

correctly or incorrectly, to all who achieve 

much. He often disapproved of measures 

adopted by the managers ot societies with which I hasten 1o apprise our readers of its appearance 
' ' ' 1 -» ^ ^» • 1 ! though we have not had opportunity t 

examine its merits thoroughly. The name o 
Dr. Hengstenberg is however well known, ani 
his reputation for extensive learning has lonj 
been established. His Chrisjtology was pub 
lished in his own country a quarter of a centur 
ago, but the alterations he has recently mad 
are so numerous and important, that in hi 
judgment, " the old will not retain any rain 

'* ' W 



he was connected; but whether this was his 

fitult or theirs is an open question. He has 

been happier than many celebrated men, in 

falling into the hands of a biographer who 

coincided with him in all his opinions. It was 

probably from himself that Mr. Hugh Anderson 

derived many of his impressions respecting 

occurrences and persons, and he has doubtless 

transferred them to paper faithfully. Respect- , ^__^ , 

ing some of them, especially those which related when compared with the new edition. 

to tiic Seramporc controversy which so long welcome it as an acceptable aid in the study c 

divided the friends of the Baptist Mission, wc ' Old Testament propliecy ; the most valuaU 

had personal knowledge; and had it devolved I importation from Germany that we have see 

on us to tell the tale, we should have given a ; for some years. One thine however, in justic 
Afferent version of some part of it from that . to our friends, must be added : Dr. Hengstei 
which lies before us; but then, it is to be con- j berg is apparently as ignorant of Britis 
sidered, that the pre!«ent reviewer was as strong | theology as any vilLige preacher among ns is < 
ft partisan on one side as Mr. Anderson was on the works of llofTmann, Maurer, or Dclitstcl 
the other. The writer of this article had how- i There la a general resemblance between th 
ever the honour to be on that sub-committee performance and Dr. Pyc Smith's Scriptui 
which uniting with a deputation from the Testimony to the Messiah ; but of the existent 
Mnda of Seramporc effected sixteen years ago j of Dr. Smith's book, Dr. Hengstenberg dp 
ft pacification in which the whole denomination | not seem to be aware. Now there arc livii 
rejoiced, with the exception of a very small ; men both in Scotland and in England, to si 
number of individuals ; a pacification which he ' nothing of the mighty dead, whom we belie' 
would not now on any account write a sentence I to be as competent instructors in theolog}', 
to disturb. ^Vhat has boon stiid is enouuh. ! can be found in any foreign land. If t1 
It WHS proper that Mr. Aiiderson*s life should . student can obtain the contributions fumisbi 

Ar written, and Mr, Hugh Anderson was the \ by coutiut^uXoX ^Vvcve» m «!ii^V\«a to the wor! 
lifhi JBMB to do ft. We congratulate Vim on \ oi our own \Mi%l xinVcvi, V| ^ xdwisaNrXNj 



BRIEF NOTICES. 161 

ioM; bat w« ihoiild adrige bim rather to Hamilton, Adamii, and Co. 1853. Pp. 16-A. 
Rfnd them ti aupplementary to his fiogltsh Price Is. 6d. 
libnrf, than as hu chief treasures. 

To the name and writings of the late esteemed 
Kk Triumphs: A Jubilee Memorial for the Robert Iluldane our rcailcrs scarcely need an 
British and Foreign Bible Sttciity. By tfw introduction. B}' those who maintniii that the 
J^. Thomas TiMPSOX. F-.or.don : PartriiL'c Ho'y Scriptures were vcrbjlhj inspired, tliis 
ind Oakey, 34, Paternoster Row. ISJ3. Kss.iy lias always been rcpanled as a masterpiece, 
Pp. riii. 480. Price 78. 6d. and its p )|m1arity may be jirpucd from the fact 

that it has reached a sixth edition. It is, hoir- 
Tbis IS a useful reconl of the past labours ^ver, in our opinion, defective and unsatis- 
ladsuccefsesof the Britwh and Foreign Bible factory. Us arguments are. it is true, clear 
Society. The plan of the book IS simple, and ^nj vifforuusi; but it i!.v:« not attempt to 
the execution good. We liavc the Claims of remove the difficulties with which the bilief in 
the Bible— History of the Bible Society— the Terbiil inspiration of the h(dy scriptures ii 
Libourrrs of the Bible Sociely--llr8nlts of the teset; the existence of these difficulties, 
Bible Society, and Prospects of the Bible numerous and wei^'htv as they are, it docs not 
Society. The second and third of t u»e sections even reco{,niire. The chanters on the cenuine- 
enbody a ra*t nmountiit »latistical und bio|?ra- „e9s and autUenlicilv of the Holy Scripturei 
phieal information; and lor purposes of rder- , are admirable. TheV present a clear, concise, 
— are invaluable, either to those who have : and comprehensive view of the evidences of the 



oot the Society 8 Reports, or to those who : canonical authority of the books comprised in 
though they possess them have no time to the bible; and also of the reasons for the rejec- 
fpend in their consultation. It is pratify inu to ■ tion of the Anocrvnha. B. 

a baptist to read tliat the originator of the Bible : 

Society and for many years one of its mo^t \ -fhe KvnwhUcal System connidtred in itt 
devoted Secretaries was a minister of his own various usprcts. A Bitok for the times. By 
denomination; and that four of its chief | Otc Ihr. Jons SrncK, Minister of SatendiHe 
traoslatort were four of the most efficient bap- y^ok CA/f/w/, lluddcrsfuld. Lec'ds : Heaton. 
list missionaries; but a richer gratification \ Lona.in: Hunlston and Stoneman. 1853. 
malts from knowings, that God has united the IGmo. Pp. viii. ISO. 
best men of all evangelical denominations in i * * 

tbtii {[lorioas work, and crowned their clTorts . The author, inho is paiitor of akiptistchurch 
with snch signal success. Thank God for this in Yorkhhire, has a strong conviction that the 
centre of uuiun, and source of light to the , gospel is the only clTective remedy for the worst 
world. Alay it be blessed a thousand fold I ■ evils by which mankind are afflicted. He has 

W. I nlso apparently an apprehension that this belief 
, is not uiiivirr&al even whore it might be expected 
Thu Sei\tt $fah brole njun ; nr thr Bible of the \ to be found operating with unremitting energy. 
Be formation Reformed, iVc. % John FrNcii, ! A. Book fur the 'J'iines U in his judgment there- 
Merckamt, LirerjUMil' hondon : Janus , fore a book that shows plai'ily that in Christ 
Rigby. 240, Strand. 1803. Pp. 1108. | tl»cre is salyut ion, and that they who distrust- 
Price 2ls. ' i"ff *li*-* cflicacy of the Christian system as 
,_. , , 1 . » II - 1 -1 revealed in scripture are looking fi)r something 
W e have opened this bulky volume a dozen ^g^. ^o save tbems.lves or others will reap dis- 
tunes and oftener with the view of asrcrtammg appointment and vanitv. In hucccfsive chapters 
lU scope and object. Lvcrv time we have i,^ hold^ up the Evangelical System to in- 
been defeated. It is imposi-ible to convey to npcction in its relation to Christ-to the Holy 
oar readers our sense of con{uM.,ii. A gr.^V*^' i Spirit— to the Divine Perfections, Offices, and 
mmbk was never issued from a publishing I i>,ir,,o8es-to Human Natnre-to IlolincHs— to 
house, since authorship began. Never was the Happiness in tiiis Life- to Etcrnitv-and to 
bible touched with a more sacrilegious hand, the IJniversp. The view whieh he ta'kcs of the 
Portions ot the Epwtlc:. arc severed from their . ^^^^^,^^ i^ ,.1^^^^ ^,,,1 ccmprehcnjive, and we 
connection and arranged with portions of the ^^^^^^^ ^^j that his book will be veiy acceptable 
Psalms. The evangelists are interw-ovon with ' to the claw of persons he has principally in 
the prophets. All pas-igcs which Mr. Finch . view- Christians wljo desire to have unfolded 
cannot understand are roganlcd a^ corruptions. , t^ them more fullv tho rxcellcncv of that 
Texts of Scripture which have been pmious to ^..^^^.^^ „f Mhich the S.mi of (huI is the ulorious 
saints in all ages are here stvled mythcdpnieal, ^.^.„tro. Some m:.v tiiink th:it the aiithor has 
and accordingly rejected. But enough. One practised a cruel j/.ke upon them in calling this 
eoncluBion is unavoidable ; if this Uetormcr of : ^^ Book for the Times, hut there i^ vlangcr in 
the Bible u not more competent to act on ^^^^ ^.i^d^ of whit imojI to b« called "the old 
'Change than he is to eluculate Gwi s word an,l ; truths " kcoming raiilie-. if not exactly 
theolog\-. It IS high time his friends exercised a „ovellics ; and these arc things which men feel 
■tnct supervision of his affairs. A\ . that they ntcd v. ben the fleeting ^-enery with 

which wc are surrounded is rc'.'e«lin;! from view. 
The Boohs of the Ohl and Xrw Testumnds ' and the solemnities of eternity pre pressing 
proteti to be Canonical , and thrir reibnl In- 1 upon their attention. 
spii'atiitn maintained and cstablishu! ; with \ 

an Account of tlie Introduction am' ('/*'/• ^A Lamjt to the Path; ur, thr Tiihh' in the 
racier of tkt Api}cryyha, BythehdeMoniiuT I J/^arf^ V f. Home, awl flic 3IaTk.tpluo.c. Bu 
Haldaxj^ Bsq. SutA AW/iidn J-Snlan/ed, \ the Jiev. AV. K. T\ni>:D\R, V).\A., Fret Tul- 
SJiabuMb: Jobttfioae Mad Hunter. London: \ booth Church, /rdialuryh. Lw^tv". t, 



\G-t 



DUIKF NOTICKP. 



Ncliou and Son*, Paternoster Row, ami wliU'Ii be hail delivered more than forty-eight 

E'iinbarpli. 18.Vi. Pp. 24i». Price *J-. vcur^ ago. Tbev bail been delivered on'Lord's 

A bDok tbat oi,.;Lt to be circulatul by tboii- *'^>" "*=•""?'' ^^"'" -"**"'*- ."^**'^ bat afterward^ 




•at incr 

and that ain is at onve our trtukiirss anti our ■> i- . n- i iv t .i« lo-o j 

/I ^ Ai I 4 I 11^ lIiMliL-u oil luesany, December 2< . ISoo: iffed 

rum. Commencin": ut tbe bciirt, where all true ,. , . ... ^ •" » *«.~, -bv- 

reiiiriun bais its riic, it traces tUc influence of *''^" ^ •' ""'^' 

Cbrititinuity tlirouifb all the 




society, it ia euiinently culcul:iti::l to be ii!:t-fiil. 

**• 'I"hc jjreat fncts find doctrines of redemption 

• ^ are hero prex ntcl in a lucid nnd fu.>rtnBting man- 

France heforv tht Jirvoluiwn^ or PrlisiA, Tnthlfl&^ u: r. The spirit of the writer serins in harmony 

and lluijMcnnts in the rdgn of Luui.t AT. \vi»h his thrme. We cannot, however, avoid 

Jiy L. F. BUNCEM.R. Author of *^ Thv fctl-ii;:. as mc jilwava feel after riaiJinp tbe pro- 



JJiitnry 6f the Council of YVti*^," yf. 
Authorize J 'J\itn9f(t(inn. Tiro lohiium, 
Kdinburph : Thomus ConstaUe and Co. 
12mo. Pp. 79S. 

The Pri(st nnd the Ifini-nnril ; ur Vtrfici-tin,i 
in the Aije of Louis AT'. From the f-irnrh 
of Lot' IS Fmax BrN(;i.NKn, Atithor if 
*'* The Prtochr awl thu KiiiQ,'' iSc., S-i:. 
PvhJiihrd icith tin' Author's sam't ion. I^ondoii : 
T. Nelson and Som, ICmo. Pp. 41.'). 
Price 

The di'SiLMi of thi'J wwrk i* to pivc a il. ar 
and iniprrs^i\e i<lcii (.f thj j)ri)Ci->;> l»v ivlii«'li 
France Win ripened fi)r that il i. ■*-()] ut ion of 
society which came u\)v.\ i( at the cli-c of the 
eighteenth ceiiliiry. Tiie itii)st prominent 
personii in the court nre hroufjht hi-f-jre the 
reader, and t'.icir character!?, imhits, .iii'l opinions 
arc exhibited to \\cw in a nerieA of iin.i^inary 
conversation;* connected aii«l cnlivLMiol by 
imajiinarv incidents. Here are the kintr and 



ductinnfl of this proline autltor, "omcwbat dis- 
n]>])ointiMl. There is a perpetual Uyin^ of the 
f'Mindation ; no uprrnrinfj of the itrurtare. 
We have mill; for fmbe-:, no stron;? meat for 
men that nr^ of n<7e. There is not sufficient 
cx'kTiiu'.'nl.il truth. To tliose who desire clear 
vii;\v4 of .salvation \\c recommend thin book 
witii mneh conlidi nee. Advanced Cbriktiana 
nuist seek inriLraction and surteoancc else- 
whore. W. 

'Jfi ' Grand J)i$ct*v*'rtj^ or the Fafhrr/iood of 
(iod. liif th. Ht'v. (Ir.orjr.r (Iilfillax. 
. I uthor fft ';. ** li.irds ofth,- llihh.^* London : 
nhickniliT and Co, .Miliuo Chambers, 13, 
P.t!ii:.. ler iU,\\: ls;4. 12rno. Pp. lOG. 
Price Is. t'.J. 

Tiiat the Fatherhood of Clod 'la n fact; a fact 
not di<C!n\-p-il in nature, nor in the piiiloanphy 
nor heart of nnn : hnt a fact rtcadid in tbe 
biti!e, and Ofiperiilly in tlie gospel of Christt, 



Madame' Pomp.idour, the Duke do Choi^eul J''^ »'A^^u^>X wl.u-h no vahu o bj-'ctions ran be 

the r.oniinil prime minister, the Duke de f«'"V'^ *"V'^*V'"^'r^*'^':"'^^*- '^'"^i!;*; ♦*»?*" I?''*"ced 

nicbelieu the kin;T's companion, M. Desmorelfi, ^\ »» *'";* '''t'" vidamc.^ This is a theme 

the Jesuit, who U bin majeHt\'s cmifes^or, always \^elo.mie to the Ciirisli-.n. There i? no 

Bridaine an upri-ht well meHiuiijr pric-t, pe:- f^P"^'* "I ^ =' > <ljararter and no relationship 

socuted proteiiai.N and literarv iutid.d<*, wh.. ^*- S''"-^* ■":'•■ to man more endearinjf than tbe 

sustain their 8e%..Tai pr.rt< with iirnpricty i;. liYI'"* '.. .'* "* as with our hearts wc can say 

rather h)n;,Mlialo};ue.s c\p..>i!orv of their priu- '^"'^^ I-ather, thnt we realize the value and 

ciples. The voluu.es wlneli ure hv the auilior ^vveetness ot the t:.v<'pcl. B. 



IP 

or " The Pieaeher :Mid the Kiiifj," a v. r\%. of 

fimilar nature relating to the time "f Louis 
XIV. noticed in our numluT for lV(e«nl)v.i-, 
gives a much juster view of Kamaiii<ni i'l 
practical operaticu than In-) been cor.iinonly 
entertained ainoof; J!n;2lishiiien of our day. 
M. Bunpencr's ojiiuion is t]i:it the o:ily true 
consistent pajiist'^ are the Jesuit. -<. 



The Kii'-i if to-daji o.nd a Ifttnd to undo it, 
A L.tln' tiiin'rts>i' I to J/is (irace the Arch' 
hishop tf Candr/'i.-r',' and to the Cicrai/ and 
Luiif/ iif the f'niftd Church of England and 
Jr,l:ind, on *' Church JUcival.'^ London: 
Seeleys. U.Vj. lOmo. Pp. l.?J. Price Is. Gd. 

Some years airo a Methodi-t ]>reacbcr of our 



lectures on Ihnalr Scripluni Characters, hy '»;:M;!='>ntancc, of stron-eonscrvative and Church 
William Jav. London : UamiUon, .\dam.s, I ° . ^'"^^^^^^^ tcndeiuie. living under the sbadojv 
and Co. 1S54. l:2mo. Pp. xiii. irA. f! ^ vener.Mc cathedral, w.s invited by the 



Price Gs. 



*" '""* *'*'*' bis'hop to take breakfast wiili him at the pulacc. 

They bad a bin;: and friendly cimference as to tbe 

We are plad to see one more volume from a prat-ticabdily of bringing Imck the ■\Ictliodisl8 

pen which has done buch n:<>od service in ]>a.st to the fold of the church, .nnd both arrived at 

days as that of the late William Jay. In the the conclasion th it it niiplit ensily be accom- 

prcfave, tvbich is dsted December, 1853, be i plisbed. "Thus far then, my LonI," said our 

^Jh u8 that in looking over .<:onie of bis old ^ Irieud, **nvc «T<i «^tc«^ cv)ue\&tnvuf. the flock; 

toanuseriptf he found a number of Lectures ^\)at wA\a\. \4 U* \«Qotiws o\ \\i^ ^Mv^Mo^r 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



163 



■Ok.'* cniwend tbe bishop, "I had not 
Ikoafht of that." "But I hod, iny lonl;" 
r^QUicd our friend, and thus the confiTL'ncc 
tmninatcd. This circumstance has been re- 
dHed to mind hy the remarkable pamphlet 
kfurv as. "The Knot of tonlav " U the 

If 

MiTcrance of the Church of F.ii<:lind and iiH 

true religion from impending pcrili*, eH{H'ci(i1ly 

popery. ^The hand to undo it" is a hnuid of 

thirtt-eo, tiho »haU lie dividvd intofMir !ct.tii)ns 

of three mcmlKT!> each, the riMii:iiiiiii,r nu'iiihcr 

to he the councillor of stau>tics and fiiinix-c. 

"On the human hand/* \u' arc tidd. " thi.i 

coancil board i^ really and actually niodellLMl in 

all it* parts. (\mi anUl.in^ in nature execute 

BO many or ?uch varied works ? Are any 

instruments i>o flexible f>r so capable an the 

fiiifrera of the hand whether to pcize. to point, 

to construct, to handle? None. NVhy Gud 

made them four in nunilier we will not cnnuin.- ; 

we are sure it wns bi"«t — four they arc lor all 

their various uses, /'our u/yo urc ihr sfvti'ns 

of vur council fut as in curnsjtowf with th-.in. 

Ttfaercforc each linger wi:* maile of three j.c\it.i1 

Joints we know not; tl.roc parts in ono 

they are to do all their norh. 'NS e are certain 

no other arrangement can he fo gond ; therefure 

in each section of the cowncil are thm: uumh rt 

aftn to cnrrtipond in structure. WherLl't re too 

God apptiintcd the thumb to lick tlio g\\\-\y of 

the %vboIe, by its two joints wc close athvv;;rt 

the hand, we cannot tell; It doe^ 'O. And .si 

the laft numlier of our chuih-U In hin dtmhli- 

nfRcp. touches lill the M-etiuni) :it once, and hy 

crn-rijbciratinj^, binds them all in lirninos-s ai;d 

pcwc-r !" The writer of thi-t tra^h crills hirn^lf 

'"A Country Chrpyman. ' \\c \a U])p:ireniiy 

sincere, if not quite inne. iLi'd ili-i-i-js the wrrl; 

to b: jrcompli.'iiiid c;»nJi».irifivt!y ea««y. Thi- 

puint f«tr which the bishop was unprepan-rl, iia-i 

a prominent pl;;ce in hi-! pl.in. A W'Hj ff-r 

tht rmjifoyment of rlifS' i:tinfi tnt'.ii.^ttrs in tfn- 

ehtrt h {.* tn /►»■ rustfinuliinlh/ oiu.ui I, n'>il 

at once the hr*t^ if not nil nf thim, wilt U- 

paincHt iind the /locks trill J'.'l'ou', The n»r.!i 

who writes thus is either ^'^o^^ly i^ronrajit 

or wofully dishonest. Some di:!>entiiiL^ mini'*- 

ters nii;:ht he allured inlu the M^ta)>li»Iiiii.-iit 

by the pron>i*L-of clni:rh preferment, ai:d uvvwy 

Hitrn^liei!* of di^.sentin^ churchf:< \\lio jove l'..i- 

fisi*! niny know nothint; re^ptctinj; di»«c!itiM',' 

or church [irinciples : hut ^=o hmcrnn tiie clmirh 

nnuins a politii-nl thin>r, :u:'l the t-.ol (•!' iiie 

ktate, tlxe be:>t, and we belli- ve the I'ulk, of our 

niiuistcr>« and their tlock> will re;ii;ii(i ilUneuteis. 

The h.ind that .><!.ail UM'io the Knc.t nf to day, 

r:!U't si'parate the church Inini tl.e ^t•lte, hip 

oil it' liead branches, invent it '.^ilh litV, clothe 

it with holiiu'FK, h>0]«en itit hon'l.->, restore it^ 

niembers to tluir lr:;e positii>n, and erect in it 

a throne on wl>ii-Ii l'l.ri>t il;^ Ki'i^' arid i^nly 

Uwliil Head sliall be exalted. i;. 

lltH'tr SnfjfjtiiictF ; or, the S<ilihntir CrcJ- ih^ 
l.tirini' Chmnniniter : a tUsni-rfntiv/i fo f*run 
the vrlijinnJ Snhhitir Onlinnncf tn /•» /j. /*- 
pttunl hut t.nt Icf/ul. Jii/ \\\c\\\\\.\\ 15.\i i,, 
Authnro/"IIolff Siripfitrc th.' TvstnfTr-'h:' 
At., A*r. London: llnniiiton, A(iani:i, nm] 
Co. WM. Pp. 92. Tiicc Is. 

The oumcrouj pamphlet. ^ on the sahhalh 
thMt hMve nctatly appeared 9bow h.,th //;• / arc ahro.vl. 



importance and diflicultics of the subject. The 
value of n day of re<(t and religious oh^crTance 
cannot be overrated ; and wc hope that the 
time may never arrive, when the Sunday in 
Ki:;:land shall re^enih]e the Sunday ns at pre- 
sent on the l\nitinent. ^Ve iuu<«t, how* ver, 
confers tlhit this attempt tn identify the Chris- 
tian sahbath with the iiahbath o( the iSlosait: law 
i^ niisati^fiCtorv, and that unleKs more cor« 
cIu>ivo arjiuments th.m arc here presented thall 
he adduced, we must believe that the rt>t pre* 
ti;;ured hv the ftabhath is fuund in the Chri^tlian 
di!;pen8ation, anil that the tirKt day of the week 
U to he reliL;iously kept hy Christians as the 
Lonl's dav, in cornnienioraticm of the re.surrcc- 
tiou from the dead of uur Lord and K.iviour 
J Ciius Christ. B. 

Election. A Strmon prenrhtd fit Zion Chnj^tU 
Camhriihir. Jht Ji^sKi'lI DfRTo.f. Cum- 
hrid;:e : E. Juhni^on. Loudmi : lloulstoii 
and .Stoneman. Pp. 12. Ioj3. Piice 2d. 

The preacher notices the fact that the 
d(>rtrine of eKction U tan>rlit in the f^criptuies— 
ohserves the a;^rctnient uf thi 4 i)i)ctiine with 
the perfect ioiiH and f^ovcrnincnt of God — fur 
the VLinoval of dilficulties ^pe^iIies Home tbin;!S 
which are not iniiilied in this doctrine — and 
considers the de.-^ign fur which it v-i levcnled; 
why it pnsents nu oh»tucle in the way of any 
]:er«on*s salvation : and how persoUH arc to 
make their oi^n election sure. We are hy no 
means satisfied with the mea^rre di>cnsHiun of 
the f;reat d'H'trine itself, ui.tler the tir:*t head of 
th!.t di^courfc: otherwise the preacher boa 

: tn' ited hi< sn>iject in .i manner hi«;idy juuicious. 

I The praciiciil ih;ir:u-ter of his mind is fitamped 
on tvrry p.i;;e. 'W'.a Fermun may he read with 
much pio:it. W. 

Jltlpx for thi' Pulpit I nr one hundred ami two 
Sluti'hi* uiid iV.'«'/i tiwH of Si-nnons. liy a 
. Mini.'^tir, Third L'dition. Pp. .'J5"2. 
Ihljiit for the I'uijf f ; or uhv hundred SkttchcM 
tnul yfctlitoNs of »//i/()i/,v. Hi/ a Miniater, 
Siriind Sfriis. P|i. '3'}2, Lonchin ; W. 
'I'e.'.:: iiii'l C">. 11 tliliiX : V.'. >:ch Uon. 
1Sj.'5. 

AVe c.mn'it M'ror-^'ly nri):u!..-'ud the (li<-sof 
works to ^^I!ic:!l tlie^e two volniiies In Inn;;. 

. The ni;in \\\\o cannut prench ^\ it limit the help 
the\' rendir had much hetter di^' or h-j:; it 

I wiiuld lic niiire to his comf.irt ainl repiil:«tion. 

[ It is pi:S'.i}!le. hiiWLVi r. to cmneivc <d'c.i.'e« and 

■ tlnu<4 wh'Mi such .sLitcI-;. - as are htrtin con- 
t:iiM-. d nifiy ronlly li.- " Help"." Such .-enMina 
wc do n<»t Kptci'V; ]);»t -.^heii th.ey «ic<-:ir tluvc 
vol'i'ics may iic re-ortvu tt) ^vilh s;;ti't';u'tion. 
They are the he^^t (f their cla>s that wi' have 
seen. The choice and trcilment (d'ltuhjectsaro 
hi;!h1y judirious. Con^il!er.1hle ac<|u:iint:iiicc 
ii exliil/itnl liiitli nith Ooil'.s wcrd and the 
human mind, ir'rofpiently the di!tr.onr::r'<( nre 

■ nearly full; and are inneji enriched ^.iiIl cx- 
1 1 nets fioin <inr hc-t :«• tlj(ir«s. To th-i ■.■ Mho 
p'ilri.n:7e" TiJeratisre of this order, we vec«v\\- 
inend these v(dumci as iar a\\\uixW Vo \\\% 
majoritv of *' i>k:tc\iCB awl feVeUVvm^" n^VwXx 



164 BlUEK XOTICEy. 

Lecturet on the True, the Beautiful, and tht ^ meniWr of Parliament for Ediobuigb, declined 
(jooiK Jitf M. V. Ci>usi.v. Jficrtased by ' Auh^cribiiiir tu nupport races in tlie rei^hbofar- 
an Appi'n-ii.v on Fi'cuch Art. Tran»ltuvd liood of that citv, which had always been dooA 
htf O. ir. Wrii/fif, EdiiihufMh : T. ar.d T. Uy UU ]>redec'.-s»(irH in olBci;. On this occaaioiif 
Clark. 8vo. j'p. 454. Price Gs. Gd. he putiUcly staled to this rtfi-et. That it would 

bi' uuwurihy of him tu bold bis seat for such a 

M. Cousiu is a di^tin^niiitbed Frenchman, city as Edinbur^ih, and as a pabiic man 

who was apiraintcd professor of phihisophy at countenance the practice of racing ; and as he 

Paris about the year 182i^ and has l)ecn disapproved wholly of the system, he declined 

giving his own personal assistance in the case.** 



lecturing ever since with much colehrity. 
Many, if not all, of his lectures have from time 
to time been publiDhed, and the vohimc now 
before us is a resumd of the whole. Although 



Youthful Development; or DUeovrses to Youth, 



we notice it because it Iiaa been courteously j Cld$vjied ncrordintj to their character, Bg 
sent to us by the publiiiher*, we cannot rccom- Samii.l Maktin, Minister of IVettminMter 
mend it to the perusal of our readers. Be- Chupvl, Wvatminwter. Second Edition and 
longing to the highest walk of speculative IVdrd Thousind. London : Word and Co., 
phihwophy, its lungnagc and style are so , 1853. ICmo. Pp. Tfii. 204. Price 2l. 6d. 
abstract as to be very ditKouIt of coniprehcnsiun i 

to general readers. More than thii), however, { ^Vc know of no living roan to whose care we 
we do not think M. Cousin's system of philo- : would rather entrust a young man fur his Intel- 
fopliy true. Eliii great pretension ix, that, hv a lectual and moral training than Mr. Martin, 
system of enlightened ecleelieism, he reconciles : ^Vc know of uo better book, save Me book, to 
and unites all philosophical Hchoolt<, however P'lt into the hands of a young man, than the 
hitherto discordant or aiitngcinistic, and sn con- volume licture u<» ; together with its companion 
Btitutedhimself, by a singular felicity, the leader ones, '• I'he Cares of Youlb," and '*The Cir- 
of the entire philosophical world. Such of our cumstances of Youth.'* Unlike many works 
readers as would see this pretension thoroughly I wiitten in the presiient day professedly for the 
investigated, we recommend to an article in the | benefit of the young, there is no alTectation of 
Edinburgh Kevicw fur Octolnrr, 1820, frmn the originality and greatness. Yet the elements of 
pen of a writer no less distinguished than M. true greatness— a comprehensive, disciplined 
Cousin himself, iSir William ll.imilton. of mind and n fervent heart— render the book a 
Edinburgh ; an article recently, with others, ' pimerful instrument for good. Frequently 
republished in a rnlume the title of whirh nc I tlntught as profound as that with which John 
indicate liclow.* P(ir their immediate informa- ! Foster has enriched us, is here exnresse«l in the 
tion, however, we cxtra<'t (nm iiiU article a plain, inipasbioned style of Kicliard Bjutter. 
few words. " M. Couiin i^ the npostle of! "P do not wonder these •' Di.-courees " have 
rationalisrn in Frnnce. . . . The development renchid a third thousand; they deserve a still 
of his Mi'tenj, in :ill its points, betrays the more extensive patronage. W. 

influence of (lerman speculation on his opinions 

His thi'ory, however, is not one of exclusive Memoirs of an K.r-Cnpuchin; or, Scemet of 
nitionnlism ; on the contrary, the pcculitrity of Mndirn Mnnattic Life. By GiBOLAMO 
his doctrine consists in the attempt to combine j Voi.ri:, a Conwrtcd Frictt. London: Par- 
tite philosophy of expeiieuce and the pliilcnophy I tridgeand Oakey. IGuio. Pp. 40t). Price 5a. 
of pure reason into one. . . , We regard .M'. ! 

Cousin's attempt to establish a general peace This book is a strange one if true, and still 
among philosphcrs by his eclectic theory as a : ">ore strange if false. It profisus to be » 
failure.'' " J. ll'. 11. I veritable history, and if so, we thank God that 

' our relini'iri does not come friun Home, that 
_, „ ji r* .. ^ , .., TT I the pope is not om;- c pi litual father, and that a 

The Riices; Uie Ev.h conuertol fat, JJorst.^ • nionLterv i. not likely to be our destination. 

Jiacing and the Stcepie-Uiasi; nnd their IJe- , * ' xj 

morulizinp Kif'ects. 7i/^ Thomas II or STOX, 



D.D, Author of " Ta rental Duties,'* St. ' Suturdm/ and Sundntf : Thounhis for both. 

Paisley: Ah'Xi.nder Gardner. Lo:ulon : (;ias-ow: Macleho^e. Londo'n : Hamilton, 

Houlstnn nnd Sioucman. 1853. 18mo. Adams, and Co. 1S53. 24mo. l*p. 211. 

Pp. 148. Price IKl. PHc, )i,. Od. 

This is an honest and able exposure of the This volume consists of three little books. 
evils as.^ociafed wili one of the most cruel and , ench of which is published in a separate form, 
corruptintr of our nationaWports. We wish a \ viz , "Aims nnd Ends," "Sparc Momenta," 
copy could be placed in the hands of all who and "Green Leaves." Of one or more of these 
support the r:ico-conr<e. Th.- lollowing para- ^e have already spoken favonrably, and we 
graph will berend with nitcr.-st." An esteemed think them airg""d. They consist of short 
friend. Lieutenant C.ihler, TlN., has fiupj)lic<l es-savs on i:n|M)rtant subjects, of terse styl^ 
to us the following gratifying account of a aiid'abounding in shurt and weighty seuteiiccs. 
simil.ir instance of a distinguished public man ' B. 

refusing to countenance races: some \ears 
since, the celebrated T. B. ^lacaulny, tsq , . The Stranrjr Womnn 'of Provrrht : comidered 

^^_— ___—_— ___^_____^_-. I a$ a J'arohlv suited to the Times, London: 

H'uiuA nnd (joodwiu, 4-i, Fleet Street. Pp. 
* IHftcufsiflonft on PliiJnsopJjy an J Literature, A-c. i J 5. 1J»53. 
£r Sir Will'am Hamilton. Dr.rt. London : Lyngnaau 
Jtad Co., iS.iB. -y A vtvy uwiu\ \vV\\e liWiV; -w^W %i«.\^ to 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



165 



iuu agiuott lome of the crron 
)ar times. We ihall be gUd to 
'ide diitribution among the more 
lioM of the oommnnity. It cad- 
T the dirine blcfrioA to be irreatly 

W. 

biliiy and DutUt of Sabbath School 
Bjf WiLUAM Ferocson. Lireiv 
rce and Brewer. London : Nisbet 
1853. Pp.23. 

! in the increadng interest felt by 
lool Teachers in their great and 
ork : and aognr hopefully for '* the 
le future " as the result of their 
such of them as desire deeper 
if the msgnitnde and importance 
igement we commend a prayerful 
ia plain, practical, solemn addreu 
mseWes. VV. 

wk to the Borough Boad Schools S 
y of the Methods of Instruction 
f the British and Jtoragn School 
London: Printed for the Society 
>. Pp. X. 143. Cloth. 

y be foo))d here which will be of 
lersoni intending to establish or 
uperintcnding, popular schools. 

f School Teachers* Magazine and 
>f Education. February, 1854. 
nzime is wholly independent of Me 
Vol. V, Fourth Series, yi. II, 
Butt, 60, Paternoster Row. 8to. 
Price Cd. 

Eriodical like this roust have some 
ty, or it would not be found pur- 
en tenor of its way af^er so many 
baTe arisen, each one crying, *' Now 

do tlic business prop<?rly.*' This 
ains yereral good articles ; but one 
nday schools do and might do in 
fcnres special attention, as it is 
Superintendents and Teachers by 
Baines of Leeds. 

moons in the ITursery; or. Familiar 

1 from the Book of Genesis. By 
T of **A Book for the Cottage/' 
London: Seeleys. Square 24mo. 

236. Price 2s. 6d. 

or says, ** The exquisite simplicity 
. narratives renders their transposi- 
Ucr words a difficult and thanldeu 
' His work illustrates the truth 
on : a child would understand the 
s they are found in our common 
. better than as they are given in 



of Genenlmrg. Translated from 
in. Second Edition. Edinburgh : 
!onstable and Co. 24mo. Pp. 03. 



REGENT PUBLICATIONS. 

ftpproliflr. 

[ItBhonld be oadcntood that tnitrtlon la thb lUtta aet a 
BUT* ABnouacennit: U •mprtMCi approbatloa of Um work* 
•nttmtntad/— oot of ocmrMcstcttdtBg to tvcry particttUf, bal 
aa approbatioB of their gcacral ehanciir and tnktoaey.] 

The Cose of the Manchester Edneationallsta. 
Part II. A Review of the Evidence taken beftne a 
Committee of the House of Commons, in Belatlon 
to a Scheme of Secular Education. Bv John How- 
Aiio HiMTOir, M.A. Prepared and published under 
the Direction of a Committee fonned in London for 
Opposing the llauchestcr Bills, londont Jo9m 
^oic. 8ro., pp. U8. Friet Ss, 

The English Bible: Containing the Old and New 
Testaments, according to the Authorised VersloB. 
Newlj Divided into Paragraphs: with Concise In- 
troductions to the SevenJ Books ; and with ll^ie 
and Notes IlluBlratlve of the Chronolonr, History, 
aud Geugraphj of the Holv Scriptures ; Containing 
also the Moat Kemarkable Variations of the Aneient 
Versions, and the Chief Heaulta of Modem CrltU 
clsm. Exodus and Leviticus. LoAd^n: Btuckmdsr 
and Co. KiuaU ito., in*. US. 

The Palm of Victoiy. An Anthem in Memory of 
William Jaj. Composed and Arranged for Organ 
and Pianofurte. By John Kixe. London: Ward 
and Co. Ato., pp. 10. JPrict is. 8d. 

The Consolation and Duty of Chnrehei under the 
Loss of Eminent Ministers: a Funeral Sermon 
occasioned by the Death of the Bev. William Jay, 
Preached in the Vinejard's Chapel, Bath, on Thnra- 
dajr, Jouuarj 6» IdSL Bjr the Rev. John Ajcobll 
Jambs. Lmidoii: Hamilton, Adains, and Co» 8«o.» 
Pi>. 38. Price U. 

The Field and tho Fold ; or a Popular Exposition 
of the Science of Agriculture. By the Bov. Eowiir 
SiONBY, A.M., Author uf "BUghts of the Wheatp" 
&c. l-mdon: H.I'.S. Monthly Strits, lBmo.,pp. 
IIW. Ffict &/. 



The Eclectic Review. Februarj, 1854. Contents : 
I. Burton's History of Scotland. II. A Naturalisfa 
Rambles on tho Devonshire Coast. 111. Baumgar- 
ten on the Acts. IV. Professor Silliman : a new 
Pbaso in American Life. V. Journal and Cor- 
reKpondenco of Thomas Moore.' VI. History and 
Resources of Turkey. VII. Dignltv of the Polpit. 
Brief Notices, Review of the Month, Literary 
Inteiligencei d;e. London; Ward and Co» 9vo.t^p. 
128. /ricel«.6tf. 



The Christian Treasury: Containing Contributions 
flrom .Ministers and Members of Various Evangelleal 
Denominations. February, 1834. £dinburgk: Jokn^ 
ttone and Hunter, Sro., pp. 48. Price M. 



Religious Information for the People. Contents 
of first Monthly Part: The Apostle Paul: a Bio- 
graphy— Mahometanism— Modes of Sepulture — The 
Early Trials and Triumphs of Christianity. Xo»- 
ditn: SangfUr and Fletcher, 11, PaJtemosUr Jtov, 
4/0., pp. W. Prire 9d. 

The Band of Hope lluview and Children's Friend. 
Volume for ib53. Lotulon •' Partridgt and Oalxy, 

4f(>., pp. 18. Price U. 



ti our Tolume for 1853, page 435, j jlie Tract Magaxine and ChtVtl\aTi WV^cO^a^T •. 
tie under which it Grat nppeued oft Containing Various Plecea ot Vermaw^TvX. IwVeitaX. 
fbeome mad Expenditure. " ' I W3. London : iJ. T. 8. Hi mo ., pp. ^W. Price \». W . 



INTELLIGENCE. 



AMEBirA. 



The »eyent}-fiftl) number of the Chriiliun j 
BeTicv, publiibeil al New York, cnnlnins an 
uticl« bj Dr. J. M. Peck, in which he uyi, I 
« Ererr Christian icct in tlic L'niicd States, | 
muit leij on a miunlory prufiiHJon of iniin- 
doals to keep up orlnureue its mcmbenihip. 
Our pmlobnptiil brethren mny not be fiiKy 



9 that 






In the Vni 



hu loft it« efficacj as a rrn 
intbeiichiuchei. All chi 
Statea are compelled by ciicumHancc* which 
thcf cannot control or couiiti-ract, to count up 
ai communicanti only thotc who rolunlaritf , 
join thcni. There ii anotlier fact that mark* i 
ths course of things. Infant baptism ii i 
lilentlj but surely losing ground fn piniln- I 
baptist ehurcbci. It rests very lightly on thu 
consciencet of church memlicrs as a serip- | 
tiual duty. Mnnj practise it, because (m they j 
think) itwill doDO hann,— «ibecsuscitisthc i 
rule of their church, — otbi-cnuie their worthy I 
paitor, in whom they have confidence, desires 
It. We have made careful observations on 
this subject fur forty ycnrs, nnd under 
iavouinble circumstances to note the changes, 
and think we are not miilakcn in the opinion 
that infant baptism, ns a religious duty, is 
dying away to a greiitcf citoni than proba- 
bly some ato aware. I* it nut a fact that 
fiom one-fourth to one-third of the fiimiltcs 
in piedobaptist churches nf([lcct the biiplisni 
of their chiliJren ! Ami ns to haptiiing 
aerranU on the faith of the mjutor, ncciwdinji ; 
to a supposed law of the Abnihamic coTenant, i 

k.,™',,^™"n" i"™ Z'mM. "Vn" 
after year, throughout nur trholo country, 
the conviction enins slrenglh that a piot'is- ' 
sioii of Chtiitianity must lie the voluntary and 
personal act of a rational and accouutablc 
bebig, and cannot he perliirmcd by proxy. 

Another fact demands a passing nt-licc 
Baptist churches within a few years post, hate 
rac^vcd large nccessioiit from picdobaplist 
rburchea. Tlie number of mtnislen who 
have adopted baptist princi[ile>, and joined 
oiir churches, liave exceeded onu cadi week. 
In the stale of Tcnncswe, where tho baptists 
woe a snmll and inetficient denomination 
twenty years since, they have increased in an 
unusual degree. The baptisms reported in 
1B51 exceeded VOU; thoseoflSS2eicecd- 
ed fi,000; of which over one tliouaand came 
tnmi poidobaptist churches. We give ihcw 
facts in no boastful spirit, but as nillnleral 
proofs of the prevalence of our principles." 



n of te 



and Prince Edward Island, bdl 
at Niclaux, N. .S. September 17th. 19th, aad 
30th, which hacc just reached lu, fuRiith tb* 
fbl lowing extracts : — 

The number bapliied in tha three piwii- 
ces duriirg tha past year was 385. Ut 
number reported at the last Convention wfi 
750 ;in \B5\, 13D0. 






>. BaptlHd.WbdlsH* 



110 



The nTcToge proportion of baptim to 
cliurclies is nearly 3 and the net increaM of 
the hndy dnrirg the year is 2BS, bring not 
finite two per ccnL This exceeds lastyniT^ 
increase, which was only three fbuiths pet 



bencTolcnt energies of the churches h»«B 
bci-n brought into Tif-orous operation fcr 
various objects, no ihnt Inrje sums have htta 
colleclcil. Tliey ndvert with peculiar plea- 
sure to the completion of the endowment of 
Acadia Cotlcfie, and they rejoice in Ib« 
lilieial anangemcnl recently inade in K«v 
Biunswick for home miMonary purpocch 
These are indications, as they hope, that tha 
Chtistiun use of mnney ia undeiMood aol 
practised by a goodly number of the pMfe» 
unrs of the (inspel belonging to the bajrfMt 

Nine new cliurchci have been constituted 
—four in KovB Scolin, ajit five in Naw 
Brunswick :— in Noia Scotia , at Chelsea, 
Ohio, South Yatiiionth, and West Yannoutb 
-in >'ew I)run»wick, Snd Hillsborough, 
Kinpton, Point Mnnotk, Sod Johnston, ud 

Al the close of the business tho doiolofy 
was sung. Dr. Criiuip prayed, and after a 
most hunnontous and cheering seMion, tha 
convention adjourned to meet at two o^Iock, 
p. ■., on the third suturday in Seplembei 
1854, with the baptist church in Bruadl 
Street, in the cit* ut SL John, K. B. 



I of tha 



iploting the endownnl. 
The Tolnnblc serviceB of the Rct Dr llaclay 
having been secured, and other agencica 
appointed, liberal subtcriptionawerc obtained, 
wtnAKnoixaM,«nW lalof Januarylnst, 



IIOMB INTELLIGENCE 



107 



ti apvardf of £12,000. The goremoni 
hare pleasure in stating that the sum of 
£10.172 9s. 7d., has beer, already secured, in 
cuh or notes, thus completing the endowment^ 
iccording to the original design, so that the 
Iaiti:ution is at length placed on u firm baitis 
and the hopes of its friends arc realised. 

Since the above mentioned meeting of the 
Board of Goyemors, Dr. Crawley has visited 
the United States, in order to obtain a third 
KoUmor, and has succeeded so far that 
rrofeiior Stuart, who had been previously 
iavitedy and whose former services in the 
college are remembered with much satisfac- 
tioB,haB at length engaged to take charge, 
tsmponrily of the professorship of mathema- 
tics and natural philosophy, and will enter on 
htt duties in the month of November next. 



ASIA. 

inE AMESICAN DEPUtATION. 

The Foreign Secretary of the Baptist 
Missionary Union left Calcutta for Assam on 
the 10th of November in a native row-boat — 
passBige by steamer beiitg not available. On 
the 15th, the date of his last communication, 
he had made a little more than a hundred 
milei, and hoped to reach Gowahati in a 
month, malting no stops on the way that 
coold be avoided, except on the sabbaths. 
Thii visit, requested hy members of tho mis- 
nm and authorized by the Executive Com- 
mittee, and which he thought it his duty not 
to decline, will prolong his absence till late 
ia the spring. Mr. Granger lefl Calcutta 
on the 19th of November, upon his home- 
ward voyage. 

CHINA. 

At Point-du-Galle, which we reached 
Nov. 26th, writes Mr. Grainger, we received 
the passengers and mails from China, 
bringing tho latest intcHigencc from the 
" iiuurrection." Thus far this singuhir 
movement has received no check. In 
aiany cases, us at the taking of Nanking, it 
Ueeta with no opposition. In tliat bistance 
t}« Tartars of the city, to the number of 
nearly 20,000, submitted their necks to the 
iwords of their victors without striking u 
defensive blow! Nankin, the Yellow lliver, 
ud the Grand Canal, are in the hands of the 
rebels. The imperiiil proclamations do not 
sttompt a concealment of the astounding 
factji. They confess an empty treasury, 
fiirces paralyzed with fear, and an enemy 
flushed with victor)*. 

1 have conversed with gentlemen from 
Hongkong, Amoy, and Shanghai. There is 
lAtt one opinion among the English and 
American residents in the five ports as to the 
iDcceis of the present movement. The 
Tsitar dynaitj will be overthr^iFA BejroDd 
ihi, bU k uactrtMip, 



I 



As to the Christianity of this movement, 
1 am not sanguine. It is not after the law 
of Christ^s kingdom. It resembles more tlie 
conversion of the north countries once 
effected by the conquering sword of Cluirlc- 
magne. If it opens the country to foreigners, 
and ensures toleration to all foreign teachers 
of religion and to Chinese professing Christi- 
anity, that will be a boon indeed. Beyond 
that, there is little to encourage ui in the 
present movement. 

UAKGOOR. 

The Foreign Secretary gives the following 
notice of that uj^cd servant of Christ, Ko 
Thah A. He is the pastor of the Rangoon 
church. He is a venerable old man of 
eighty. I have met him repeatedly, and 
alwavs I have been constrained almost 
involuntarily to rise up before him, so apos- 
tolic is his bearing, and with unaffected 
sincerity to do him reverence. He is a good 
man, full of faith and of the Holy Ghost, 
He is too advanced in years to lead public 
worship, but he can counsel ; and he knows 
both how to live a holy example, and how to 
pray. At the lute ordination of two Karen 
pastors, he offered the ordaining prayer, and 
it is not difficult to call up the impressiveness 
of the occasion, as he laid his hands upon 
them and commended them to the one God, 
the Father, the Son, and tho Holy Ghost. 
He told me at our first interview, (the day 
after our ai rival,) that he had been a 
preacher of Jesus Christ more than thirty 
vears. (Dr. Judson baptized him under the 
title of Moung Thah A in Hi'2'2,) During 
nil this period he had resided in Rangoon. 
'* The teachers have come and gone ; I have 
nlwavs remained here. When the teachen 
left Rangoon the rulers seized me ; thev 
cnniuKinded me not to preach. They saio, 
*rJo you intend to pi each Jesus Christ?* 
I sjiid to the lulcrs, < I shall preach ; JesuB 
Christ is the true God.' " Ho did preach, 
and was cast into prison and fined one 
hundred ru})eos. Twice lie was placed in the 
stocks, once with his head downward. Dut 
his fciith hiiil not failed. He has baptized at 
Rangoon more than *JUO believers, including 
about eighty Karens. Ko Thah A, though 
making many rich, is exceeding poor. His 
former dwelling was destroyed during the late 
war. His present residence is scarcely a 
coop to creep under. He says, '^ It is enough 
for me ; the teachers have given me a support. 
I do not iisk more for mvAcIf. The love of 
money is the root of all evil/* (This he re- 
pented with emphatic eamcdtness.) ** Rut I 
have been pastor of the church. Inquirers 
come to see me. I have no house to receive 
them to. I have not enough to give them 
food." I need not say provi^on will be made 
for him. A zayat will be fitted u^, w\U\ o^ 
room annexed, and inquiieta ma^ coDiSiAaNkQ \a 
como and sit at his feet. 



lOB 



nOME INT£LLIG£XC£. 



HOME. 

BEILKHAMPST£AD. 

On Monday, December 26, an interesting 
meeting was he]d in the baptiit chapel. 
Water Lane, to welcome to the pastorate of 
the church the IIct. T. Stanion, when 
about two hundred and fifty persons took tea. 
The exercises of the CTening were opened 
with prayer by Rev. N. Hawkes of Hemel 
Hempstead, after which suitable addresses 
were delirnred by the pastor of the church, 
the deacons, Rev. N. Uawkcs, C. Bailhache, 
and J. Stanion of Stepney College. 

BALEM OHAPEL, HEW NORTn ROAD. 

This recently erected and commodious 
cbapel was re-opened on Lord's day, Janu- 
ary 1st, by the Scotch baptist church, which 
for many years assembled in Dorchester Hall, 
wboi appropriate discourses were delivered 
bj Mr. Dunning, the pastor of the church, 
■nd Mr. Gumming of Limehouse. 

An interesting tea and public meeting was 
alio held on the following Monday week. 

EBBW YALE, NOEMOUTHSHIRE. 

The recognition services of Mr. J. H. Hill, 
of Pontypool College, as the pastor of the 
baptist church. Briery Hill (Ebbw Vale), 
were held on the IGth and 17th ult. Two 
sermons were preached by Messrs. S. Williams 
of Naatyglo, and D. Davics of TrefTorest, 
on^the evening of tho 1 6th. <Jn the fullonring 
day, the Rev. G. Thomas, classical tutor of 
the college, delivered an able address on the 
nature of a Christian church, and the Rev. 
T. Thomas, theological tutor, addressed the 
new minister. In the afternoon, tho Rev. 
Thomas Davies of Merthyr, unfolded the 
duties of the church to its pastor ; and the ' 
interesting services of the day were closed by 
the Revs. Timothy Thomas and Thomas 
Thomas, who preached two excellent ser- 
mons. 



CUPAR FIFE, 6C0TLAKD. 

The Rev. P. W. Grant, of the congrega- j 
tional church, Ayrshire, having changed his [ 
Tiews as to the ordinance of baptism, and i 
having resigned his former charge, after , 
preaching a few sabbaths received and ac- 
cepted a imanimous call from the baptist 
church. Provost Wynd, Cupar Fife. He was 
publicly recogni2ed as their pastor, and com- 
menced his pastoral work on the 29th of 
January. 



Tyne, has accepted a imanimoiia invitatkm 
to take the pastoral chaxge of the church now 
meeting in the Theological Cla»-room,<iiiMO 
Street Hall, formerly under the care of the 
late Rev. Christopher Anderson. 



DEVO.XPO&T. 

On Thursday, Feb. 2nd, the foundatioA 
stone of a new baptist chapel, on open com- 
munion principles, was laid by the Rer. T. 
Horton. The steward of the borough, Edward 
St. Aubyn, Esq., the mayor, John Cilntari 
Esq., together with a large number of mnui- 
ters and friends were present. A verse of the 
117th Psalm having been sung, Mr. Hoitoa 
laid the stone under the direction of tht 
architect, and delivered a short and appro- 
priate address, in which be embodied the 
fundamental doctrines of the gospel, briefly 
stated that he and the church, for whom the 
edifice waa about to be raised, would welcome 
to the Lord's table all whom Jesus received 
and because he received them, and asked 
the prayers of all Christians present on the 
undertaking. Another verse having been 
sung, the Rev. S. Nicholson of Plymouth 
doMd the ser\'ice by prayer. 

In the evening the friends held a tea 
meeting at the Mechanics' Institute, when 
about six hundred persons were present, 
Mr. Horton in the chair, and serenl appro- 
priate addresses were delivered. 



KEN'MKCHALL, NORFOLK. 

The Rev. J. Upton, formerly of Aocring^ 
ton College, Lancashire, and for several years 
pastor of the baptist church Aylsham, Nor- 
folk, has accepted an invitation to become 
the pastor of the baptist church, KenninghaU, 
in the same county. 



WATERFORD. 

A correspondent at Waterfbrd sayi, 
^Friends of the late estimable Rev. C. 
Hardcostle will be glad to learn that on 
Christmas-day last his eldest surnving child 
and daughter was baptized by Mr. Wilshere, 
and joined the church formerly under the 
care of her revered &ther. This event 
created considerable interest among persom 
of different denominations, many oi whom 
attended the service." 



EDINUUROU. 

We are informed that Richard Burden 
Suademm, £sq., fyrmerly of Newcastle-on- 



RECENT DEATHS. 

MRS. RICUARD COOK* 

Mrs. Cook was bom in Leicester In the 
year 1767, and in this town the whole of her 
life was spent. During her youth she was 
accutftomed to attend the worship of the 



HOME INTELLIGENCE. 169 



eiUbliihed church| and when providence 
directed to Leicester Mr Robinson the 
author of the volume entitled " Scripture 
charactexty" she became one of his constant 
hearers. It does not appear, however, that 
rfae evangelical and faithful ministry of that 
excellent man, was the direct means of her 
conversion, although it probably induced 
that tenderness of conscience and holy 
nseeptibility of mind which, by the divine 
blessing, ultimately led to the saving chanj^e. 



of her that she ** walked within lier house 
with a perfect heart." In the judicious 
manner in which she treated and tniined her 
children she was a pattern of matcmul fidelity 
and piety. It was her custom to pray with 
them as well as for them ; nor were her sup- 
plications in vain. While they beheld in her 
prayers the yearnings of a mother's heart for 
their Kilvation ; the cheerfulness and amia- 
bility of her deportment and the holiness of 
her life commended, and effectu<illy enforced 



She was first awakened to a sense of guilt the acceptance of that religion which she so 
and the need of a Saviour while sitting in j ardently loved, and so consistently practised, 
the theatre. As certain scenes were being Her bearing towards all without the range of 
acted before her, and were securing the rapt her domestic circle was et|uully courteous and 
attention of the audience, her own mind amiable. KvilspeakingBhe intensely abhorred. 
became suddenly impressed, as by some I Lovers of acniidal found no sympathy or 
mvisible power, with a sense of the wickedness | encouragement in her society. She constantly 
of the place, and its associations and with her . cultivated and displayed the charity whicn 
own guilt and danger, and so powerfully was , " rejoiceth not in iuiquity but rcjoiceth in tlio 
she wrought upon that she abruptly quitted ■ truth." 

her seat, and leaving her friends behind, | Her last days were eminently peaceful and 
hurried home. Here she immediately j serene. If thought and feeling be life she 
betook herself to the throne of grace and | had long lived on the threshold of heaven ere 
implored the divine forgiveness and favour, . the summons to enter it arrived. The nature 
and from this time religion, with her became ! of its employments, the greatness of its joys, 
the great business of life and was received as | and the neaniess of its approach were topics 
the one thing above all others needful. ; of conversation on which she chiefly loved to 
Under the instructive ministry of Mr. ' dwell. Her affections were '' fixed on things 
Robinson her views of divine truth speedily above/' and she waited with patience and with 
became enlarged and matured, and her I joyousanticipationythetimewhensheshouldbe 
ftith was led to embrace with eager i called fully to realize them. At length she 
tenacity that scheme of justification which was attacked with her last illness which was 
the gospel reveals, and which nlonc can give brief in its duration and borne with Christian 
solid peace to a guilty consicencc, by declar- fortitude and meekness, and on the lltli of 
bi-; that *' Christ is the end of the law, for , Dec. 1{j53 in the COth year of her age slie 
righteousness to every one that believeth." . calmly fell "asleep in Jesus." Her last words 
The commanding talents and powerful were " flesh and heart fail me but " — death 
eloquence of Mr Hall, who was a cotempo- ' preventing the utterance of her confidence 
isry of Mr. Ilo))inson in Leicester, naturally | in God ns her eternal portion. While her 
excited much attention, and drew eager , near and beloved relatives mourn their 
crowds to hear him, and consequently, the irreparable loss they may console themselves 
tenet of believers* baptism on which he | by the ha]>py reflection that she has entered 
fomctimes dwelt, was brought into promi- i that "better country, that is, a heavenly one.*' 
nence and discussion. The mind of Mrs. C — | Like Knoch she "walked with God and she 
anxiously alive on religious subjects was, ns . was not " for God took her. L. 

might bo expected, soon turned to this, and ' . 

although according to her own confession she 
was reluctant to be convinced, yet a scriptu- 
ral and prayerful examination of the question ! On the 30th of Doccmber, l(lo3, Mr. W. 
soon resulted in the conviction that it was ' Edmunds, of Sunny Jiauk, Bassaleg, Mon- 
the duty and privilege of all believers in ' mouthshire, nged 03, departed this life, and 
Christ, to be ** buried with him in baptism.'' I entered his heavenly rest. 
Having «>ught an inteniew with Mr. Hall j Early in life he was impressed with the 
and communicated to him the change which | evil of sin and the necessity of salvation 



MR. WILLIAM EDMUNDS. 



had occurred in her religious views and 
feelings, the was baptized by him along with 
several others, among whom was her respected 



through the blood of Christ. He was baptized 
by the late Mr. Edmunds of Caerphilly, about 
the twenty-fifth year of his age, and from 



huiihmd, who still timrvives to mourn the loss I that time to his death, during the long space 
of that conjugal and domestic happiness she ! of thirty-eight years he was a consistent, faith- 
80 long and so efhciently promoted. From j ful, and exemplary member of the church at 
the time of her joining the church under the ! Bethesda, under the pastorate of the same 
pastoral care of Mr. Hall until her union , holy amd self-denying man of God. 
with the church in heaven, her religious : For twenty-seven years Mr. Edmunds 
profession was sustained with imwavering and I sustained honourably the of^ce oV v\«icotv^\\^ 
bceatifbl eotmatency. It might be truly aaid \ whidi he conductcdhimseU Nt\l\i\\UTGL\A<^w\»^L- 



170 



HOME INTELLIGEXCE. 



nesisand unconipromiaiDg iidelity. Altluiugli 
lie wns an ezteusivo fanner^ having much to 
do with worldly afTaiiv, and being highly 
respected by the neighbouring; gentry, yet, 
throughout his long career of Cliri.stian pro- 
fession, he bore un upright and unblemished 
character, ** worthy of the liigh vocation 
wherewith he Wiis called." 

He was an intelligent Christian, well-rooted 
in sound scriptural ])rinci])le9, and not the 
creature of circumstances and the slave of 
conflicting impulses, but lie always appeared 
under the jurisdiction of one class of motives, 
which he had thoroughly imbibed ut the out- 
set of his Christian course. 

His death was preceded by severe and 
prolonged illness resulting from pulmonary 
consumption. So violent were his paroxysms 
of convulsive cough diuing the lust two years, 
that the spark of life was expected continually 
to expire. 

But notwithstanding all this, even in those 
moments of excruciating agony, which he had 
often to endure during Iiis painful and pro- 
tracted sickness, no complaints were hoard 
from his lips, but ho was oAcn heard breathing 
words of gratitude and praise to his heavenly 
Father. All who were acquainted with him 
could not help o1>serving in him the manifes- 
tation of patience, resignation, and the power 
of faith in the divine Kedeemcr. 

As death was a])pronching his faith appear- 
ed to become stronger and stronger. He was 
often heard in his extreme weakness to whisper 
the sweet melodious name of his dear Saviour, 
and testify his . calm reliance on Ills all- 
sufiiclent sjicrifice. Although he experienced 
no ecstatic joy like some, he felt quite safe 
in the hand of the sreat and merciful High- 
priest of his profession. The last day of his 
earthly existence, while the grim monarch, 
the king of terrors, having marshalled all his 
powers to lay his victim prostrate nt his feet, 
made the final assault on him, he was lieard 
re|>catedly to exclaim, victory, victory ! 

A bereaved widow and six children survive 
to sorrow for the removal of the deceased, 
and to lament their great and irreparable 
loss. May He, who is *"ii father of the father- 
less, and a judge of the widows in his holy 
habitation," befriend them in his tender 
mercy, according to his gracious promise. 

The body of our departed brother was 
followed to the grave by a large procession of 
relatives and friends, and was interred in the 
burying ground of Bethcsdu chapel. 

MRS. LAKE. 

Died, January 10, 1854, at Draunston, Nor- 
thamptonshire, Mary, the beloved wife of 
Mr. Thomas Lake. The subject of this 
memoir was baptized by the late Mr. Heigh- 
ton of Roade, in Northamptonshire, more 
thaa Bit f yean unce. In the latter part of 
AerJifi^ she baa been miding in BraunitODi 



and her consistent character and punctuAl 
attendance upon the means of grace, her 
ardent wishes and prayers for the peace and 
prosperity of the church, were strong, but the 
Lord has taken her away, and she died in 
the faith and hope of the gospel. On the 
14th, her remains were interred in the burial 
ground belonging to the baptist church in 
this place, and on Sunday, the 15th instant| 
her death was improved by the Rer. T. 
Giambcriain of Pattishall, from Exekiel 
xxiv. 16, to a goodly number. 

HB. COOPEB, FROXC. 

Died, Janiuiry 7th, 1854, in his lerentj- 
first year, Mr. William Cooper of Frome. 
He was bai)tized and received into church 
fellowship by Mr. Suundcn in the year 1808, 
and was elected deacon of the church in 1838. 
His naturally active mind was chiefly directed 
to matters of a religious nature. Other thingi 
were of little interest to him compared with 
the spiritual, the eternal, and the divine. 
Revelation was acknowledged by him bm the 
rule of religious faith and practice; discarding 
all human authority he could say, "Thy wordi 
were found, and I did eat them; and thj 
word was unto me the joy and rejoicing oif 
my heart." The mediation of Christ wM 
esteemed by him to be the great truth of 
divine revelation, and was ever regarded as 
illustrativo of tlie glory of God in the happi- 
ness of man. Every kind of effort to adrance 
the cause of the Redeemer therefore enliited 
his sympathy. For many years he was 
actively employed in Sunday school instnie- 
tion , not only in the town in which he lived, 
but also in many of the adjacent vUlagei. 
Individual effort to promote the welfare of 
Rouls he held to be incumbent on ererf 
Christian, and hence he would appeal with 
great earnestness of spirit to the careless, the 
slothful, and the backsliding. He has left 
1>equests amounting to one thousand pounds 
to various religious and educational societies^ 
including, amongst others, the Loan Baptist 
Building Fund, the Baptist Missioiuir}' Society, 
the Bible Translation Society, the Baptist 
Irish Society, the Baptist (*olIege at Bilstol, 
and tlie British School at Frome. He had 
been treasurer of the Innt named institution 
from the time of its establishment. 

His affliction was severe and protracted; 
but it was borne in a manner well befitting 
the closing scene of an aged Christian*! life. A 
chastened submission to the divine will 
breathed in all he said. The prospect of 
heaven sustained him in the hour of death. 
It was on this he dwelt, and not on mere 
delivenmce from the anguish he endured. 
The hope of re-unlon with Christian friends 
in the heavenly world was to him the occasion 
of holy joy. His last words were, ** Glory, 
glory, glory ! Victor}-, Wctory, victoipr through 



HOME INTELLIGENCE. 



171 



Nature iuiled; but soon ht added, 
36 near and like my God." Uis 
mnon was preached to a very 

congregationf in Badcox Lane 
)use, by Mr. Middleditch, on Lord's 
igy January 15th. 



ELIZABETH 8ABAH CLABKE. 

S. Clarke, daughter of the Rev. 
»rke, pa»tor of Vernon Chapel, 
quare, Tentonville, was born at 
August Df 1823. She was mcrci- 
4>d witli parents who were deeply 
vith the great truths of the gospel 
and who earnestly sought for the 
ence upon their children. And as 
opened and slie advanced towards 
id, she was led to give her heart to 
the only refuge for sinners. She 
e church meeting here about six 

It always appcarc'l to be amongf^t 
»t deUghta to have a name and 
he house of the Lord, and never 
«ent from her scat, unless confined 
indisposition. 

as her health permitted, she regu- 

nded the Sunday school, and was 

>us for the spiritual welfare of those 

I to her care. It was with much 

and sorrow that her failing health 

her to resign her class into the 
)thcT9. The Ragged School asscm- 
King*s Crr)ss khe also took great 
I, and so long as she could, took a 
le Friday evening, but this she was 
ed to give up some lime ugo ; but 
ideavoured to promote its interests 
ing and assisting at the various 
of the conductors of that valuable 
. She also took great deliglit in 
s Dorcas Society connected with 
;. Ui)on the death of her dear 
>ur ywirs ago, her most affcctiuni-te 
was bestowed upon her widowed 
ed father ; her constant anxiety was 
uppiness and comfort. Oilen has 
tied with tears that her strength 
t permit her to do more for him 
iid. Her character was remarkable 
uine trutlifulnesf*, for the soundness 
dgment, and tlie beautiful consist- 
simple Christian life. Her closing 
F gradually declining strength were 

bv a ^'te.•ulv contidcnce in her 
to whom alone »*he entirely cora- 
jrself for time and eternity. Hor 
ook place on the 13th of January. 



3IR9, JANF. LEWIS. 

dow (jf the late Mr. Edward Lcwi«, 
n, Moumouth^hi^e, died on the 3rd 
1854, after a few m.onths* illness^ in 
tty Bnt year of her age, Binccrvly 



and deserredly lamented by 9 number of 
children and a large circle of friends. 

She had the privilege of putting on Christ 
in baptism in Oct. 1004, when twenty-one 
years old, and was received by the baptist 
church at Hanwenarth, then under the pas- 
toral care of the late Rev. James Lewis. She 
continued a consistent and a devout member 
of the above church until the church at 
Iloreb, Blaenavon was formed in 1823, when 
she became a member of that church, and 
where she continued until she fell asleep in 
Jesus. She was remarkable for her meekness 
and resignation to the will of God, and an ex- 
ample to most Christians in her love of hos- 
pitality and faithfulness ; in her attendance on 
the house of God, she was well known to 
most baptist ministers in the principality for 
the last ffty years, as having many times 
cheerfully welcomed them to her house and 
to her table, in the name of the disciples and 
servants of Christ. She left a noble testimony 
behind her to the sincerity of her profession, 
the honesty of her purpose, and the integrity 
of her heart, as well as to tho truth of Christi- 
anity and the faithfulness of our God. 



COLLECTANEA. 

BBV. RALPH WARDLAW, D.D. 

With a smitten heart, and tears of un- 
dissembled grief, we record the death of that 
great, and good, and useful man, the Rev. 
Ralph Wardlaw, D.D., for more than fifty 
years the honoured ])a!>tor of the Congrega- 
tional cliurcii asHcmhling in West George 
Street Chapel, Glasgow. The solemn event 
took place .it Easter House, on Saturday 
morning, the 17th of December, at seven 
oV'Iock. For some months past he had been 
HufTering from a severe attack of inflamma- 
tion, which reduced his system, and brought 
on other symptoms, from which no medical 
skill could relieve him. Though he had 
reached his fcventv-fourlh vcar, and had 
rendered more tlian an ordinary amount of 
service in the caiwo of his Divine Master, vet 
80 fresh and vigorous wore all his powers that 
wo caimot but regard his death as a great 
public loss. — Evanyclic(d Magazine, 



REV. W. JAY. 

The Rev. W. Jay of Bath was removed 
by death at his house in Percy Place, on 
Tuesday, December 27th, 18.53, in the «5th 
i year of his age. He had IxK^n the minister of 
Argyle chapel, which he liimself opened in 
17)}'^ for the unusually long period of sixty- 
three years, during which successive genera- 
tions enjoyed his pa'«toral instruction. In 
the early part of his life there was so little 
attraction in the established church and so 
much in the pulpit of Arg^\<j cYva^«\^ ^Va\, 
persons of high rank aM of poV\\.\cfi\ tov^ 



172 



COLLECTANEA. 



literary eminence flocked around the youthful 
preacher, and admitted him to their private 
fliendship. Amoiig these were Lord and 
Lady Barham, Mr. Wilberforce, and Mra. 
Hannah Moore. The same natural eloquence, 
sound theology, quaint illustration, and un- 
rivalled pathos, which fascinated the high- 
bom and cultivated, was not lefts charming to 
the many. His publications are numerous 
and well known : his '* Life of Cornelius 
Winter," •* Sermons," ** Family Discourses," 
** Christian Contemplated," " Family Pray- 
ers," " Morning and Evening Exercises,*' and 
many separate sermons. Mr. Jay, though a 
conscientious dissenter, and liberal in politics, 
was not at any time what is now understood 
as a public man. Avoiding? platform oratory, 
he confined himself strictly to the pulpit, 
and to the reproduction of his sermons in 
books. Having for many years visited Lon- 
don as a periodical preacher in i^urrey chapel, 
he became as well known there as if he had 
been a resident minister. We believe that 
his autobiography has long been prepared, 
and we shall look for it with much interest, 
as we understand it will include the corre- 
spondence of eminent persons, Mnd will throw 
much unexpected light on their characters. 
The variety as well as extensiveness of Mr. 
Jay's acquaintance, and the shrewd power of 
observation and word-painting which he cul- 
tivated for so many years, are sure to furnish 
a Life of rare interest. It would be difficult 
to appreciate the indirect usefulness of his 
protracted ministry in Bath. His own im- 
pression, wo have been infomieJ, was that he 
did more good by his writings than by his 
preaching. He will probably be remembered 
for many years to come as the most striking 
and popular preacher of his day, whose 
excellencies and faults were equally peculiar, 
and equally unlikely to be riv.jlled, or even 
imitated, with any prospect of success. — 
Eclectic Ihview. 



RET. W. B. COLLYER, D.D., LL.D. 

It is now our melancholy duty to add tlie 
name of our revered and beloved friend, the 
pastor of Hanover chapel, Peckhnm, to those 
of Dr. Wardlaw and Mr. Jay, as now num- 
bered with the silent dead. After a few days 
of paralytic seizure, which left nothing to 
hope, in the circle of his friends, his happy 
spirit took its flight to the regions of immor- 
tal life, on Monday morning, January P, 
at seven o'clock. — Evangelical Magazine* 

THE LATE DR. STAUOnTOy. 

As the name of this eloquent minister is 

yet precious to many readers of the Christian 

Chronicle, whatever relates to him, or even to 

his ancestors, must afford a measure of inte- 

mt On tliis account, 1 may perhaps ask 

tV^ce for a few lines. 



In the year 1023, died in England the Rev. 
John Stanger, a very old and excellent bap- 
tist minister. Of this venerable servant of 
Jesus Christ, a \eTy interesting memoir was 
prepared for the press, by the Rev. W. Groser. 
Part of the volume was an autobiography of 
the excellent old pastor. In this production, 
after speaking of his grandfather, also a bap- 
tist minister, who died in 1740, he adds : 

" My grandmother's maiden name was 
Staughton. Her father was a baptist minis- 
ter in Northamptonshire, and during the op«a- 
tion of the Conventicle Act suffered for 
nonconformity. {He was imprisoned in the 
jail at Northampton three years and a half, 
at the time that Mr. Bunyan was imprisoned 
at Bedford. Several of his grand-children I 
knew personally, and a great-great grand-son 
is now a baptist minister at Philadelphia, in 
America, where he beiirs an honourable cha- 
racter, and is much esteemed.'* 

I may be permitted to add that John Stan- 
gcr presented the ordaining prayer, and laid 
hands on William Carey, at his ordination, in 
1 787, at Moulton, the village in which Stan- 
ger was born, in 174*2. — J. B. — Philadelphia 
Christian Chronicle, 



TURKEY. 

In our last number, we stated that we had 
received intelligence confirming the state- 
ment made in our columns, some weeks 
since, that a Turk had l)een beheaded at 
Adrianople, for having renounced Moham- 
medanism and embraced Christ ianit v. There 
is now, we fear, no doubt of the fact. In a 
i letter from our correspondent at Constanti- 
' noplc, which appears in this day's impres- 
sion, further particulars of the atrocious deed 
are given. It has, indeed, been admitted by 
the Turkish government, in reply to ques- 
tions put to them by Lord Stratford de 
Redcliffe ; and it was justified by the Turkish 
minister, on the ground that blasphemy of 
any kind, irrespective of Mohammedanism, 
would have subjected the alleged offender to 
the same punishment. This painful event, as 
we have already said, must greatly diminish — 
if indeed it does not destroy — the sympathy 
felt for the Turks in their present struggle. 
In fact, we never have and never can sympa- 
thise with the Turks as Mohammedans, nor 
as a body politic. The religion of the Turks 
is their government, and the government ii 
Mohammedanism ; and such is the utter 
aljsence, in that system, of all that Christian 
civilisation holds most sacred in regard to the 
civil and religious rights of man, that it is 
impossible for a sim'cre believer in Chris- 
tianity to avoid regarding it with abhorrence. 
There is not one single point in their polity 
in which we can cordiiilly harmonize with 
them ; and the barbarous affair at Adrianople^ 
occurring just at thi^ time, when the claims 
of Turkey \x^\\ V»rc-A«m 'Ei\xi\>vt w» t.bfl 



HOME INTELLIGENCE. 



173 



■abject of nnirenal attention, showi plainly 
that Mohammedanism has loat nothing of its 
intoieiant and ferocious character. — Chrittian 



▲UCKLAin). 

The followmg notice appears as an odver- 
tiRoieat in the New Zealander of October 
3th, lft53 :— 

** The Christian brethren, commonly called 
hiptisti^ desire to intimate to the inhabitants 
and strangers of Auckland that they meet 
for diTine worship, in the School-room, 
Albert Street, near Smale*a Point, every 
Lord^s day ; in the morning at eleven, and in 
the evening at six o*clock. 

" The services are for the present mutually 
eonducted by [the memben of (the churcli'. 
The order of worship is strictly primitive. 
In the morning, the Lord's supper, reading 
the scriptures, exhortation, prayer, and 
pniK are attended to ; and in the evening, 
a disoonne is delivered by one of the breth- 



/ 



aECBIFT SfAMFS. 

It may be useful to those who receive 
ttoney for charitable purposes, if wc give a 
few extracts from a pamphlet recently 
poUished by authority of the Commissioners 
of Inland Revenue, entitled *'A popular 
explanation of the Statute requiring a Sttimp 
Duty of one penny on Receipts and Orders 
fw Money, &c." 

The stamp duty payable upon a receipt 
l^ven for any sum of money amounting to 
40a or upwards is Id., to be paid by the 
person giving the receipt. The receipt may 
ether be written upon stamped paper, or an 
sdberive stamp may be affixed to the paper 
ttpoD which it is written ; but in the letter 
cue the person giving the receipt must 
Uauelf cancel the stamp by writing bis 
ioitisls, or some portion of his sigmiturc, over 
it, before he delivers it, under a penalty of 
^10. A receipt cannot be made valid nt'ter- 
vuds by affixing a stamp. 

A person giving a receipt for money 
tmoanting to 408, or upwards without a 
rtsmp subjects himself to a penalty of £10 ; 
sad if, when 40s. or upwards is paid, a less 
aua than 40s. be specified in the receipt 
vith the view to avoid the duty, or any other 
ooBtrivance or device be used for the like 
pvposey a penalty of £50 will be incurred. 

A party refusing to give a receipt incurs a 
penalty of £10. 

Any note, memorandum, or writing what- 
•oever given upon the payment of money 
niounting to 40s. or upwards, signifying 
tW an account has been discharged, or that 
■wuy has been paid, or credit given, is a 
nesipt liable to atmmp duty. If, tberefore, 

n>L XTTL^ FOVntU 8MRIKS, 



the person receiving money write or by 
means of a stamp impress upon any bill of 
parcels or invoice the word " paid," " settled," 
•* balanced," ** discharged," or any words of a 
like import, intended to signify the payment 
of money, he must nt the same time,'if the 
paper bo not already stamped, affix thereto 
an adhesive receipt stamp, and cancel tho 
same by writing his initials or some portion 
of his signature thereon. If he omit so to do 
he will incur a penalty of £10 and the me- 
morandum will be of no avail to the person 
to whom it is given. 

Letters by the post, acknowledging the 
safe arrival of any bills of exchange, bank 
notes, or other promissory notes, or other 
securities for money, are excm])t from receipt 
duty ; but if the receipt of money be acknow- 
ledged, a stamp is required. 

The exemption is confined to the mere 
acknowledgment of the safe arrival of such 
bills of exchange, bank notes or other pro- 
missory notes or securities. It is not intended 
to give to tho letter the effect of a discharge 
for money, but simply to authorize the 
receiver of the securities to convey to the 
sender the information that they have 
reached the hands of the person intended. 
If, therefore, the letter of acknowledgment 
contain any intimation relating to the appro- 
priation of the money represented by tho 
securities, by signifying that credit has been 
given for the amount, or that it has been 
placed to account, it is no longer covered by 
the exemption, but becomes a receipt chjurge- 
ablo with stiimp duty. Instead, however, of 
enclosing a separate formal receipt in any 
such case, it will only be requisite to affix an 
adhesive stamp to the letter of acknowledg- 
ment ; at the same time cancelling it by 
writing the initials or a portion of the 
signature to the letter upon it. 

The document^, tho safe arrival of which 
may thus be acknowledged by post without u 
receipt stamp, are bank ]>o.st bills, Bank of 
England and country bank notes, letters of 
credit, post olhce orders, cheques (stomped 
or unstamped), bills, dmt'ts, and orders for 
payment of money of ewry description, 
whether due or not. 

Where advice is given by letter to a })crson 
that money has been paid to his creilit, a 
letter in return, merely acknowledging tho 
receipt of the letter containing such advice, 
is not chargeable as a receipt ; but any inti- 
mation that the money has been received is 
liable. 



LinERATION SOCIETY. 

The Society for the Liberation of Religion 
from Statc-patronnj;e and Control is prc^paring 
to carrv on its work in a vigorous and nystcm- 
atic spirit. On the 1st of February la!»t, the 
executive Committee iuvvloA \\\« wcncV^a 
leading friends to a privaXo c\\let\QL\wicvcTv\. -aX. 



174 



HOME i:iTELLia£>'CS.. 



ILiillcy'ii Iluiiil, I.iinili>n,at vliicli llicii jibiiis ' 
wirru submitted, hiiiI nu'a.'urei f>'r utnaiiiing 
tlio "Bincwi <rf wni" were ofitccd upon. 
Miv Samuel Morlej occunicil the chair, and 
aroonft Ihow proient trercAIi. KcnliiiT, U.l*., 
Mr. Briuht, &LI*., Mr. Uarnci, M.l'., Air. 
CioHle;. M.P.. Mi. Pullall, M.L'., Mr. .Minll, 
M.I'.. Mr. Bell, M.P., Mr. Aliletmni nixl 
Sherilf Wire, Air. G. W. Alexincler. It was 
■tnted that a ibtndini; Parliameiitiirv C'mu- 
mittcc hnd bocn appninled, with a tlioiouj;li1f 
compecvnl iirofcHional mnn M chmrmttn, and , 
thiit fcir tbe future evenlhing of nn cccli- I 
■iaitical kind roming hclb'rc I'trlinmcnt Tnutd 
ba vigiknily vatclin] with a vIl'* to tlic 
Mcictv'a purpoMS, ntid lo tlie Dr;giniaition nf 
a compact iiarliamentur)' patty, Prepiiration 
iTDuld also lie made foi tlie next Kcncml 
election. A determination vm cxprcuKd lo 
r-iiie £i,<Hm a year for the next thtec yenti. 
and tt lone list of lubiicripliiini, vnrviiij; |>om 
£.iO to £i, was made up. 'Ihiacompariiuvely 
privata effort ia In lie followed up by otiicn 
on a larger khIc. botli in lovn and coiiiitry. 
The ipeskeii (poke with tlic utnimt con- 
lidencc as to the pmgrenof thnt principl«>>, 
in and out of I'arliament, and leguldcd the 
leTclatioDB of the cennis aa greatly itrenj^hcn- 
ing their caw. 



In Dublin, at prewnt, juvenile ilepniTiiy 
ii aomewhat n|iii.illiii{j. Of oimmittalil to the 
contagion nf tlie rhoI in 1 )).>:!, there were 
1,936 children under ten yeara of Dj^c; 4,'J'JI 
lietween ten niid fiilcen ; nnd 8,'l'ill between 
fifteen and twenty. — Sunday School Tcacfirr'l 
JUaguMtae. 



I iiBcended Crongli-putricb, a high hill in 
county Mayo, near We«CtHirt, still held sncred 
ns the renilence for a lime of tlie renowned 
St. Fntrich. On tho summit of this moun- 
tain is wliat in called a ilalion. It Ii a eirele 
of pcrhapa thirty or forty yards in diameter, 
covered with shnqi, jiigjed stonci, and tho 
WTclrhcd devotees who Tepnir thither niv 
compelled to go round that circle on their 
bare knra, as oflen nathcpriestihnll enjoin, 
unless in tile caic of tliow who arc able to 
purchase exemption by the payment of 
money. ITic atones are pnruH:\ and I snw 
bundre<Is of them aalurale'l tcilh tlic bhtrl of 
these deluded victims of snpentitioii; niid 
carried oft' two fragments of llicso liliiod- 
■tnined stones ra a racinorLiI. I wim 
informed by ]i«r«ons in the vidnily.oii wlimc 
veracity 1 could rely, that snrao yean ago the 
mountain was visited nnnimlly by thousands 
of pilgrims, some of them from a eroat dis- 
tnite.; bat that timr nuotbert nre iinmuillj 
ihcretsiDg, In the nofirbhnurhood of the 



moun>uin I viiiled a lltJs Wtll, in wbkh 
there is a Iraut, supposed to havo been pot 
into it by tit. Patrick, and aelaally saw a 
woaian oil her licnrled kneca vonhijiping the 
trout. I was oswred that when a ov or 
hnrre becomes unwell, it is a univeml prac- 
tice amongst the llamanists in Connaugbt 
and Miin:-ti:r to send for the priest, to 
cr/'''.™fc ma™ for the recovery of the nnimal, 
for which he receives usually the fee of ha(f' 
a-rrown. Will tiny one say, in the face of 
these /acts, that Ireland is not involved in as 
dense ipiritual d^irknraa as any heathen ciMn- 
try, and has not as strong, yea stronger cloLmi 
upon our Christian philanthropy to send the 
ciispel to her perishing milliont I — United 
I'rrtbi/lrrian Slagaxint, 



CORREsrONDESCE. 

To the Editor of the BapHtl Magaxinc. 

DctH Sir,— Will you allow us throogh 
your columns to intimate to the hrethrca win 
nsu.illy contribute to the Baptist Union, that 
it is desirable this tmnll exercise of Cluistian 
lihetality should not he eiilirelg overlonked I 
The eipenscs haviag been unusually luioll 
thii year, not much is wimtcd, hardly iDDie, 
iiuUrcd, tiian It would cost to print and send 
out a circular; but even under these cireom- 
stances, a little m ore recollectbn nf tlilsclaim 
Ihnn has up tu this |ieriod been Bhowa, will 
bo necessary to keep the lialanccon thcrigbt 
side. We shall be truly happy if this hint 
should suflicc. 



KDITORIAL POSTSCRIPT. 
An unusunl nliscnre nf that species of in- 
tetligcnco which is genemlly found in our 
postscript, partly nri»ng it is probable ttoia 
the earlinen of the date at which February 
close), gives us an opportunity which we 
glai!ly_ embrace to .idvert to n subject of 
grunt importnnco which has just bcCTi brooRhl 
Iwfiirc tlie House of Ciimmans. The second 
rending of the Manchester and Sal ford 
Ediicntiou Bill has been happily negatived; 
but not so much on its merits ni bei.'au<ie it 
was an attempt to carry by a prii'atc InU 
(hat which wns viriuolty a luilional meaiuie. 
Its principles will probably be obtruded 
upon the legislature again befbrc ' long bl 
nnnther form, and it is desiruble that the 
friends of truth and liberty should be prC' 
]inrcd fbr the conflict that may cn<ue. Our 
own vicirs were so well e):pre«eJ in the 
discu<non fay the honourrible tnemben tat 
Norwich and Bochdole, that we could wish 
that we had space for the whole of thcb 
I Bpcec>ici. Mr, Vi/ia CTV'*'»ci \™ belief 



BDITOBIAL POSTSCRIPT. 



176 



eTery thing that the country could 
require ; and, whatever might be its deti- 
ciences* he was perfectly iHrnuaded tiiat the 
country would continue to give it its confi- 
dence, and that it would prove the best sys- 
tem that had ever yet been adoptcil. Having 



that the voluntary principle in education, | of scholars 3*23 {icr cent. IIc^ knew' tliat 
carried out as it was now bein^ carried out, : there were a great many people who did not 

think much of the results of the establishment 
of Sunday schools. He b'jlieved, on the 
contrary, that they had never had an agency 
in this country more blessed by Divine Pro- 
vidence or more useful to the working classes 
thiin Sunday schools. In \7i"2 the first 
Bt on the eommittee which had inquired into j Sunday school was established. In \i\V\ 
Has subject two sessions since, he would call i there were 5,l(iS Stmday schools, with 4 17,- 
the attention ofthe House to the circumstance I '2'J J schohirs. In 1H33 there were 1G,H28 
that at Manchester itself there was a lar^^cr [ Hchools, wit!i l,.'>in,Oi)0 scholars. In 1851 
amount of school accommodation than in ; there were *23,4!fo schools, with *2,-l 07,-1 00 
any other city of a similar size, and the pecu- ; scholars. The number of teachers had 
liar position in which Manchester was placed ' increiucd to no Ics'* than 30*2,000, being ono 
with regard to the education of the young ' in sixty of the entire population. The mero 
rendered a shorter term of education nccos- i fact oi one in ttixty of the population having 
sarj in that place than in rural districts. | devoted tluniNelvcs tn the education of youth 
Sir J. K. Shuttleworth had said that he ' upon their diiy of rent — this being a greater 
should never be satisfied until he found that sacrifice on their part than it would be on 
one in eight of the population attended day the j>art «f those who were occupied solely 
schools. The census showed that between j in the education "f youth — must have exer- 
1818 and 1851 the proportion of the popula- , eiscd a most bencHciiil influence. lie believ- 
tioa attending them had been raised to (me ' ed that the benefit which had been derived 
in eiarht and a half. What, then, could jus- I from Sunday schools could only be apprcci- 
t;fy the government or the country in inter- . ated by tho>e who were well aec|uauitcd with 
mpting the course which was being followed ! them. He knew, from his intimate acquaint- 
bv benevolence to promote the welfare of the ' ance with Lancasliiie and the neighbourhood 
i had noticed the difficulties of Manchester, that it was inipoMyible to 



people { «i He 
under which the noble lord the member for 
London ^Lord J. Ruswil) laboured in speak- 
ing on th:s suhject. The noble lord seemed 
encompassed by ditficulties, and so he would 
be if the government stepped ont of its pro- 
per course. He (Mr. Peto) maintained that 
the office of the government was to protect 



appreciate the amount uf good which they 
had done in that district. Voluntary educa* 
tion benefited iioth the ]>erson giving and the 
person receiving. It bound together the 
various chwcs of the community in a wav in 
which no other kind of instruction could 
bind them. With rc^jard to the effects of 



all classes of the communily, Imt that it was governmental education, he would refer to 
no more the business of the (iovcrnment to the example of France, and he would ask 
be the educator of the pecqile than to be ■ whether ilu-y w«»uld like to see the circum- 
their raanutacturer or trader ; and if, as the stance; takt> place in this country which had 
Marquis of LsuiMlowne had siiid, CJovern- . taken place there in the reign of Louis IMii- 
ments and municijialities would become ; lippe, who had been obli:;cd to dischar^-o 
traders r»r manufacturers, they would be 2,000 vjlKHilma.sters at once, because they, 
(bund to be the worst manufacln'rcrs or trad- j the paid agents of the government, were 
CTjthe people could have. They wanted a ' becoming too troublesome, and had inculcated 
feeling which no government officials or } unsound and dangerous principled into the 
ronimittees could ever p^fescss to be brought j minds of thi^ ehildreii t Let them look at 
to bear in carrying out their objtct, and the ; Prussiti, where the system «»f education w.'is 
tfforls of active, true benevolence alone crmld much nf t'ne s-inie ehyracter ns that which 
impart to all who were connected with it that ^^as r.-copni/.od by this bill. It had often 
frtUnir, which was. that the welf:ire of the : been a>ktd what was the feeling of the chil- 




to unendowed schools. In lISllJ there were ■ that tlio reiigi*in they t;iught was a lie, but 




teachers win ii 



Wn an increase of GGj per cent, in llie ; had in<|uir-'i 
hnmbcr of schools, and of ^2^} per cent in ; the chililr-.n nceivcd religious instruction, 
the number of schol.-irs ; while from I«;i3 to . lie ^lid he did not kn(.v;, hut must ;\^\x 
iHol the increase in ibv nunihcr of schnoU , thv cliiidrcn, and l\\c \uv\vv\Ty Nsvva vve-VxiAWs 
WiheeBi 201 per cent., and In the munhcr ; made of twenty of iVie c\\\\iie\\ Xni^otc ow 



176 



EDITORIAL POSTSCRIPT. 



could be found who had received any re- ' 
liuioufl instruction cit nil. He agreed with 
the ri.;ht lion, gentleman the membor fiir 
Oxfordshire (Mr. Ilcnley), that if they were 
going to have education without religion for 
its basisi, and without the beneficial influ- 
ence of the voluntary princi))Ie, they would 
make n sacrifice of the indi.'{)endcnce and 
belf-reliance of the people of this country 
which they were not called upon to make, 
and wliich parliament ought not to permit 
to he made. If this question was to be 
agitated witli reference to the introduction 
of any bill by the government, they might 
yet have ample opportunities of thoroughly 
ventilating the subject of education, and 
therefore he would not now detain the 
House any longer, as several other lion, 
members were dt*sirous of addresHing them; 
but he wished to impress ui>on them how 
strongly he felt that if they once departed 
from the principle of voluntary education, 
and substituted fur it the macliinerv of state 
or of central education, they would always 
regret the effect which would thereby bo 
produced upon the cluuracter and feelings of 
their countrymen. 

Mr. Miall said he would avail himself of 

that opportunity, with the permission of the 

House, to put it into the possession of the 

opinion of those who entertained what were 

callwl "voluntary principles.'* Much had 

been said about education, and it had been 

divided into three clnyscs — first, charitable 

C'Uication ; secondly, education by means of 

public rates; and thirdly, no education at all. 

But no real statement had lieen made of the 

true principles to be enforced on this subje<rt. 

He Imd road, a few days since, the report of 

the committee for tlio improvement of the 

dwellings of the labouring poor, and ho 

thought that if a statistical return of such 

were made it would be of grejit advantage, 

and would go far to prove that proper pro- 

viMon had not been made for tlie poor ; but 

he should never think on that account of 

coming to the conclusion that parliament 

ought to provide suitable habitations for the 

poor. But it was said, Why put the one 

burden on the shoulders of government, 

if you did not put the other I and why put 

such a charge upon government at all, since 

the primary duty of education devolved, no 

doubt, upon the people themselves, who 

should, and in the majority of cases could, 

provide such for their children ? The fact 

was, that the fault generally might be traced 

to the parents of the children, who in many 

cases made gain of them by getting them 

employed in factories and workshops ; and 

until the disposition of parents in this respect 

was reformed, little improvement could Ije 

made. Most parents among the lower orders 

cculd, by giving up a portion of their beer 

A-day, find the means of giving their children 

some education, and it was, in fact, the want 



of will in the parents to send their children 
to school which was tho great drawback to 
all measures of improvement of this kind. 
If those who supported this meaiure could 
only be brought to see this, and to correct it, 
there was little doubt that the supply of 
education would be quite equal to the de- 
mand. He would ask the promoters of the 
present bill, Would their scheme bring about 
such a result { and, if not, he did not see 
how they could, at any rate ai the measure 
now stood, call upon the state to make a 
scheme operative, without first satitfying tbe 
country that it would be efTcctive. If the 
house were to adopt the system of education 
proposed by this bill, they would be redndnic 
the high science into a system of police, and 
degrading education in the eyes of the people. 
What they (the voluntaryists) said was. Let 
the state make provision for the deftitute, to 
whom the state might stand in the place of 
a parent, but do not undermine the self- 
reliance of the people. They talked of 
enlarging the basis of representation ; let 
them beware, then, lest the people, instead 
of relying on themselves, should rely on 
legislative means, and come not only for 
education, but clothing, and for decent 
habitations also. If the house once admitted 
this principle they must carry it to the full 
extent. In conclusion, the honourable gen- 
tleman entreated the house not to decide a 
question of such vital and momentous bear- 
ing on the narrow b<isis of a private bill. 

Lord John Russell said that ho was of 
opinion himself that wo should not realize 
anything like a system of national education 
in which there should be any approach to 
uniformity for a long time to come. Tho 
hon. member for Montrose, indeed, seemed 
to think that the government had only to 
introduce a mciisure for the effectuation of 
this object; and it would be forthwith sanc- 
tioned by parliament. His hon. friend had 
I a far higher notion of the power ot govern- 
ment than his (Lord J. KusseU's) experience 
had given him ; and, moreover, even were 
schools for secular education only adopted 
by parliament, he was satisfied that there 
would be the most general and entire repug- 
nance to them on the part of the people. 

To all who desire to understand the sub- 
ject thoroughly, we earnestly recommend Mr. 
Hinton's pamphlet, just published, under the 
title of ** The Case of the Manchester Edu- 
cationists," Part II., in which he gives an 
epitome of the evidence laid before a com- 
mittee of the [House of Commons last ses- 
sion, and with his usual acumen reviews the 
whole, treating of the educational duty of 
the state, the voluntary system, the secular 
system, its scope, its teaching, its deficiency, 
its supplement, its machinery, its expediency 
the local and secular schemes compared— 
\ and d\K\i«aw compulsory school attendance. 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 



MARCH, 1854. 



Oif the last day of tlus month the 
finandal] year of the Baptist Irish So- 
detj will dose. So large 'a proportion 
of the year's income arrives usually in 
Uarchythat it would |^be premature to 
indnlge in the language of trepidation ; 
yet we do not feel quite tranquil in 
ooatemplating the serious deficiency 
that still remains to be made up. Un- 
less several hundred pounds arc received 
before the day for balancing the accounts 
— «iid we know not whence to expect 
them — we shall have to present a much 
less cheering report than that which it 
was our privilege to make last year. 
At this we are not surprised^ and even 
in the most unfavourable event, no 
feelings can be entertained inconsistent 
with grateful and profound admiration 
for that generosity which our friends 
have displayed. The magnanimity with 
which they sustained the conflict with 
that debt by which even the Society's 
existence was imperilled, and the noble, 
persevering eflforts by which they at 
last extinguished it, cannot be forgotten, 
even should some reaction and languor 
eniae. We know also that the middle 
and labouring classes have been greatly 
enfeebled of late by the perplexity of 
commercial prospects «nd the high 
price of provisions. Expectations were 
cherished some weeks ago by sincere 
and earnest friends of the Society, 
which now through the state of public 
affairs, they lament to find themselves 
anable to fulfil We will not complain, 
then, of our tried and faithful friends, 
whatever may be the aspect of the 
balanoe-sheet when it comes before the 
auditors ; yet we cannot part easily with 
the hope we hare indulged that we 



should be enabled to enlarge the sphere 
of the Society's operations. If the 
influence of those brethren who have 
recommended extension be not suflioient 
to induce the public to supply the 
means for carrying their proposals into 
efiect, after they have at our request 
visited Ireland that they might know 
what to advise, — if the published letters 
of brethren Birrell, Dowson, Stalker, 
and Bigwood do not secure the result, — 
then we have little hope that others 
will produce a stronger impression upon 
the possessors of property, and excite in 
them more active zeal. The expectation 
that we should be able to respond to 
the entreaties of those labourers who 
are praying for help, and to gratify 
those desires which we have thought it 
a Christian duty to cherish will pass 
away as a dream, and will not soon be 
reproduced. But as yet it has not come 
to this, and we will not relinquish our 
hope. If we part with it, it shall be 
taken from us. 

We must also remind our friends of 
the reliance which we are still placing 
on their unsolicited promptitude. They 
must not expect deputations to draw 
forth their gifts. Wisely or unwisely, 
we are depending upon them to send 
that which they feel that they can 
aflbrd for this service. They may con- 
template their contribution, whatever it 
be, with the satisfactory thought, No 
portion of this will be spent in travel- 
ling expenses. We have no reason at 
present to regret the adoption of this 
principle. Adherents of the principle 
in diflerent parts of the land have come 
forth nobly to sustain it. Smi^Vj \.Vi«^ 
will continue to do bo \ 



176 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 



SCHOOLa 
As benevolent members of the So- 
ciety of Friends generally feel an 
interest in the work of education, and 
are often ready to help those who arc 
seeking to promote it though belonging 
to denominations in whose general mis- 
sionary labours they would not feel it 
their duty to oo-operate, we wish to 
apprise our zealous supporters in the 
country that such aid may with pro- 
priety be solicited. It has alwajrs been 
a rule in the schools of the Baptist 
Irish Society that no catechism should 
be taught, or any book used for the 
communication of religious instruction 
except the scriptures. We receive 
thankfully subscriptions for the specific 
purpose of sustaining schools, but our 
expenditure in this department is very 
much larger than the amount which 
that separate fund produces. The de- 
sirableness of adding to the num])cr of 
these schools is increasingly obvious. 
Contributions for this purpose are 
therefore greatly valued ; and as the 
principles upon which our schools are 
conducted are such as The Friends 
generally approve, we doubt not that 
many of them feel sufficient interest in 
Ireland to be quite ready to give their 
assistance if the case were fairly laid 
before them. 

ATHLONE. 
An army physician who has resided 
for some time at Athlonc being about 
to leave the country, has addressed to 
the secretary a letter not intended for 
publication, with a short extract from 
which we may perhaps without impro- 
priety indulge our readers. He says, 
''As I am leaving this place with the 
33rd Raiment under orders for Con- 
stantinople, I feel it a privilege to bear 
my testimony to the work of the Lord 
which is going on here under your very 
excellent and hard working missionary. 
Her, Mr, Berry, I believe undir God*8 



blessing Mr. Berry has been the means 
of much good. I consider his life and 
labours very valuable in this dark 
comer of the land. .... 

" The small house he now occupies is 
not fit for Mm, and I think his late 
indisposition was much owing to the 
very crowded and small rooms. I have 
persuaded him to offer for a larger 
house in a healthy situation, believing 
that means will be provided ; for the 
Lord is good to all who put their trust in 
him. Mr. Berry lost two valuable friends 
lately in Captains Graydon and Caul- 
field ; and I fear he will be much tried, 
for there is great opposition to the 
missionary work here. However Mr. 
Berry knows where to look for help, 
and he has also an excellent pious wife. 
I pray that the Lord may prosper more 
and more the work here." 

The writer of this note has rendered 
to Mr. Berry and his family much 
gratuitous and kind professional atten- 
tion ; and it may be hoped that some 
who read these sentences will raise 
aspirations to heaven on his behalf that 
he may be preserved and blessed in 
the scene of conflict to which he is pro- 
ceeding. 

BALLINA. 

The following portion of a letter 
from Mr. Hamilton has been standing 
over a month or two till space could be 
found for it : — 

My county Sligo journey in November 
was encouraging ; we had a good attend- 
ance in every place and the people 
seemed to receive the word with earnest- 
ness. I visited the same places this 
month, viz, Skreen, Carnagera, Coolany, 
Ardnaglass, Curragh, and Tullylin. In 
Carnagera and Curragh the congrega- 
tions were larger than usual, this being 
the slack season of the year. The 
school in the latter place has increased 
also. 

Ardna^\tcQs \s ^ ivvi^ \!\aji»& to mo ; the 



MARCH, 1854; 



170 



kdqtendent nuBsionaries formerlj 
pmbhed there, but as thejhave had 
none in this x>art of Ireland for some 
time I went there and was received with 
Oiristian kindness by Mr. and Mrs. 
Qraham. He went out himself and 
gathered the people both Roman Catho- 
lics and Protestants to hear mo preach, 
and I trust the word has not been spoken 
in Yain. 

The little congregation at Newtown- 
White continues steady and is improving. 
My visiting from house to house in this 
town among the more respectable class 
of people, is, I trust, doing some good. 
An M gentleman who had lived an 
immoral life has been induced to marry 
a female by whom he had several 
diildren. He now expresses deep regret 



for his sinful life, and manifests great 
love for the word of Cfod and prayer. 

Mr. Mo Adam has been doing what 
he could in selling books and visiting, 
but he has been in a feeble state of health 
so that he could not do as much as ha 
wished, but he hopes when the days 
grow longer and the weather better that 
he will be able to do more. I think a& 
the small Reference Bibles have been 
sold, and four largo Reference Bibles, 
and most of the monthly volumes, and 
several small books. 



ANNUAL SERMON. 
The Rev. Hugh Stowell Brown of 
Liverpool has engaged to preach the 
annual sermon in London on Friday 
evening the 21st of April. 



CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED SINCE OUR LAST. 



£ «. 'd. £ 8, cf. 

Baraoldnriek* TorkMhire — 

Collection, by R«?. T. Bennett 2 8 

Blinrorth, bj Rer. R. Tarner G C 

Cbard, hj tta« Boy. B. Krane— 

Collection 2 7 C 

Dovntoo, WiltP— 

Collection, by llcv. J. T. CoUicr 2 11 

Earbj, YorkMhirc— 

Collection, bj Her. T. Bennett 1 .T 

Folkfftonc— 

Collection, by Rev. D. Jone* •.. S 1 

Geld Bill. Bucks— 

Collection, by Rev. D. Ive« 1 2 G 

Huklcton, Contrlbations 2 15 

Hammersmith, S. Cadby, Efiq 110 

R««ick, Mrs. Tarnbull 3 

Ipewieh. Tnrrot Green, by Rer. Isaac I^rd— 

Bayley. Mr. W 1 1 

B»yley,Mr.W.,Jnn 10 C 

Oorbyn, Mr.W 2 

Gill, Mr. George .'! 

Gill, Mr. G., MiasionaiyboK 15 8 

Lord, Rer. iRaac 10 G 

Peck, Mr. J 10 

Squirrell, Mr. 2 G 

Collection 4 2 4 

8 

Umbeth, M^or Pamn 10 

UaningtoQ, by Rer. D. Winelow — 

Wallace, MIm 10 

Bj the Rer. J. Clark— 

Aipinall, Miea. 110 

Glai^lUr.JjuB«e ............ 110 



2 18 






£ i.d. £ a. 4. 
Lincoln, by Rer. W. Goodman- 
Barnes, Mr ff 

Doughty, Mr 10 

Iim, MiKfi M. A 10 

Penney, Mr. 5 

Penney, Mr. John 5 

2 

Liverpool, by John Coward, Esq. — 

Half yearly vote trom Pembroke 

Chapel 30 

London— 

Beddom<>, W. B., Esq. 1 1 

Collard,Mrf. 110 

GUmau, Mrs 1 1 

Jny, A. T., Kuq 2 2 

L. M «... 50 

Peto, S. M., E8q., M.P 20 

Pewtross, T., Knq 110 

Ravclings, D., Esq 110 

Ridgeway. Thomas, Eoq. ... 2 8 

Smith, W., L., Esq 2 2 

Warralngton, J., K«[ 110 

Woollyr, O. B., Efq 110 

83 13 

Manchester, by Rev. W. Mayo- 
Moiety of a Subscription for Mis- 
sionary purposes at Grosvenor 8t. 

Chapel 4 

Markjate Street, by Rer. T. W. Wak»— 
Cook, Mrs., Woodend 10 

Collection 17 3 

1 1 \ 

Ifontacute, by Rev. E. Evint— 

Franh, Mrt Ql^ « 



180 



IRISH OnBONIOLE. 



Qtud, Mrs. 10 

BnadMj School Olrlf, Sooond 
ClM8 5 6 



£t. d. 



I 5 t 



£ i.d. £ a,d. 



Norwich, by Mr. 0. B. Silcock— 

Onaocoont !.. 28 17 3 

Sifiroii Waldon — 

CoUMtloD, b7 Bar. W. ▲. OillMD ... 4 8 3 

•tAutflU— 
Ck>Il«ction, hj RcT. B. Frccnuui Ill 

XaiiBtoii, bj Mr. Thonui Horsey— 

BUk«,Mr G 10 6 

HoTMy, Mr. T 10 6 

BteranauD, Mr. 110 

Waltcrf,Mr.,01dbar7 Lodge 10 6 
CoUtoted by Ber. R. Green 1 11 5 
Moiety of Weekly Sabscrip- 

tione 13 9 

BlWtr Street Sondty School 6 7 



5 4 3 



SCOTLAND. 



Autnither and CellAr^yke— 

Friendi, by Mr. J. Fowler 2 16 

Sdinbargh, by Mr. John Milne— 

"The ehoroh under the care of the 
late Rer. Chriitopher i^nderton till 
hie death, now meeting in Qaeen 
Street Hall, Edinburgh " 14 

IRELAND. 

Athlone, by Rer. T. Beny— 
Caolfield, Captain, ThtMoor- 

ingt 2 

Oraydon, Captain, R.A 10 

Pretty, Mi« 110 

Ormaby, Mrs., Rdreat 10 

Smythc, Henry, Eeq., J.P... 5 



4 16 



Mn. Riidon of Penhorc, and Miss Eliiabeth of London, arc entitled to our thanki for 
eontribations of clothing for the children in the schools. 



Contributions to the Baptist Irish Society which haTe been receircd on or before the 20th 
of the month, are acknowled^d in the ensuing Chronicle. If, at any timp, a donor finds 
that a sum which he forwarded early enough to be mentioned is not specified, or u not 
Inserted correctly, the Secretary will be particularly obliged by a note to that effect, as 
thisy if sent immediately, may rectify errors and prevent losses which would be otherwise 
irremediable. 



The Secretary is always glad to receive for distribution in Ireland articles of apparel either 
Ibr male or female umT. At this season of the year, with the prevalence of distress through- 
out the island of which our letters inform us, such donations will be specially acceptable. 
He wishes also for books suitable to assiBt in the formation of congregational libraries. 



I The Annual Reports for this year have been sent out ; but if any subscribers have not 
received them, they will be forwarded on application to the Secretary. Collecting Cards and 
Boxes may also be had in the same manner. 



SUBSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS will be thankfully received by the Treasurer, 
Thomas Pbwtress, Esq., or the Secretary, the Rev. William Gkosbr, at the Mission 
House, 83, Moorgate Street; by the London Collector, Rev. C. Woollaoott, 4, Compton 
Street Etat, Brunswick Square; and by the Baptist Ministers in any of our principal Towns 



Itt.t 



THE MISSIONAUY HERALD 



THE SANDWICH ISLANDS A CHRISTIAN NATION. 

*' The people of the Sandwich Islands ! work from the annual report of the 
are a Ciiuistian .natiox, and inny buurd for the present year, 
rigiitfully claim a place among the ino- ** The mission to the Sandwich 
I testant Cliristian nations u f the tuith !'' Islands left the United States, October 
i Such is the language in which the :i3ra, l.^U), and first saw the isknds 
/ American Board of Commisjioncrs fur early in the following April. God 
! Foreign Missions announce the rcsuli prepared their way ; for one of the 
of their labours in the southern seas, strangest of revolutions had occurred 



Not but that thero is ftnuch weakness 



before their arrival. The national 



and an inii)crfect civiliMitiou yet exist- j Idols had been destroyed, the temples 
ing. Many of the ^leople hare to burned, and the priesthood^ tabus, and 
be brought under the power of thfe 
gospel, and much remains to be ilone 
to give the inliabitants of Itawaif 
a foremost place umong protcilant Und 



civilized lands. Still so great liHR been 
the advancement, tliat the most power^ 
ful states of Cliristendom tiate re- 
cognized its independence, ahd ih« 
time has also arrived when Chris- 
tians may recognize it as a ChrifiUati 
nation. Iti {ro^-emmcnt, constitution^ 
laws, institutions, and people, at« ChHfi- 
tian in the same sense in which ihey 
arc in our own country ; and the 
appropriate >vork of a foreign minion- 
ary society — that of propagating the 



human sacrifices abolished. All this, 
however, was merely a removal of 
obstacles. It really did nothing to 
improve the character of the people, 
nor could it alone have ameliorated 
their conditions. Without any religion, 
the nation would have quickly perished. 
The change resulted, indeed, from no 
good motive. The dissolute young 
twlnTf who brought it al)0ut, aimed only 
(o enlarge tlie range of his sensual 
pleasures. It created no desire for the 
gospi'l, no welcome for the mission^ no 
iMte for any of their instructions. 

" Tlic horrid rites of idolatry had 
ceased ; but tho moral, intellectual, 



gospel among the unevangelised-^has social desolation was none the less 



been completed. The niip?ion is dis- 
solved. The pastors and the new insti- 
tutions of the island are placed oU tlie 



profound and universal. Society was 
all in ruins, and so was every indi- 
i vidual mani Society could not exist at 



footing of n Christian land, and the a much lower point. Even the Ian- 
Christians of America render only such i guage was unwritten, and of course 
aid as is required in their own country ! there were neither books, schools, nor 
for home mission purposes, or for education. The nation was composed 
portions of the country imperfectly ■ of thieves, drunkards, and debauchees, 
supplied with tlie means of grace. In | The land was owned by the king and 
but little more than thirty >'ears from j his chiefs, and the i)eople were slaves, 
tho first landing of the miwionaries ! Constitutions, laws, courts of justice 
this great work lias been acctYmplished, '. there were of course none, and not 
and the churcli of Christ rgoices o^-er j even a conception of such things in the 
the once desert place now beauteous as : native mind. Property, life, everything 
the garden of tlie Lotd With fruits of ' was in tho hands of arbitrary, irre- 



righteousness and peace. 



sponsible chiefs, who filled the land 



Our readers will peruse with grati- with discord and oppression, 
tude and encouragement the following | *• But that people has now become a 
condensed stntemcnt of this blessed i Chritluwi icBA.voii, ^ot civilized, in the 



FOR MAECH, 1864. 



183 



fan modem acoeptation of the term. Ifoi 
able pet-hape to nistain itsdf onaided in 
any one great department of national 
existence. Laws, institutions, civiliza- 



Through the blessing of Qod on these 
instrumentalities, a beneficent change 
has occurred in all the departments of 
the government, in the face of fierce 



tion, the great compact of social and j outrages from seamen and traders, and 
political life, are of slower growth than { deadly hostility from not a few foreign 



Oiristianit^. A nation may be Chris- 
tian, while its intellect is but partially 
developed; and its municipal and civil 
institutions are in their infancy. In 
this sense, the Hawaiian nation is a 
Christian nation, and will abide the 
severest scrutiny by every appropriate 
test. All the religion they now have 
claims the Christian name. A fourth 
part of the inhabitants arc members in 
regular standing of Protestant Chris- 
tian churches ; and not less tlfan six- 
teen hundred new members were added 
to these churches during the past year. 
During that year, five thousand pounds 
were contributed in those churches for 
the support and propagation of the 
gospel. The nation reco^piizes the 
obligations of the sabbath. Houses for 
Christian worship arc built and fre- 
quented as among ourselves. Christian 
marriage is enjoined and regulatx^d Y^y 
the laws, and the number of marriage 



residents. The very first article in the 
constitution, promulgated by the king 
and chiefs in the year 1840, declares, 
' that no law shall be enacted which is 
at variance with the word of the Lord 
Jehovah, or with the general spirit of 
his word ;^ and tliat ' all the laws of the 
islands shall be in consistency with 
God's law.' AVhat was this but a 
public, solemn, national profession of 
the Christian religion,' on the high 
puritan basis ? And the laws and ad- 
ministration of the government since 
that time, have been as consistent with 
this profession, to say the least, as those 
of any other Christian government in 
the world. Court-houses, prisons, roads, 
bridges, surveys of lands, and their 
distribution with secure titles among 
the people, are in constant progress. 

"John Quincy Adams, ten years ago, 
was ready to welcome this people to the 
general family of Christian nations. 



licenses taken out in the year 1 sr)2 ■ He says : — 

exceeded two thousand. The hn^ 'lagc ; '* * It is a' subject of cheering con- 
is reduced to writing, and is rirA hy tcniplation to] the friends of human 
nearly a third part of the people, 'i'lic ; improvement and virtue, that, by the 
schools contain the great bod\ ur I lie mild and gentle influence of Christian 
children and youth. The annm.l ■ i Jay j charity, disixjnscd by humble mission- 
for education, chiefly by the ;; ^vcra- i aries of the gospel, unarmed with 
mcnt, exceeds fifty thousand d. ". i is. , secular power, within the last quarter 
The bible, translated by the lahuins of of a century, the people of this group 
eight missionaries, was in the ha ii'is of, of islands have been converted from 
tlie people before the year IB-iO; and! the lowest debasement of^idolatry to 
there are elementary books in thonl-^ffy, the blessings of the Christian gospel ; 
practical religion, geography, r.rith- ' united under one balanced government ; 
metic, astronomy, and history, nu\lcing ' rallied to the fold of civilization by a 
together a respectable library f<»r a written language and constitution, pro- 
people in the early stages of civiliza- viding security for the rights of persons, 
tlon. Since the press first put forth its ■ property, and mind, and invested with 



efforts in the langimgc on the 7th of 
January, 1822, there have been issued 
neariy two hundred i^iUiona of pnges. 



all the elements of riglit and power 
which can entitle them to be acknow- 
iedged by their btexYiierL ol ^X« VM3s»a 



L M 



184 



THE MISSIONARY HERALD 



noa^ as a separate and independent 
community.' 

" The best of all testimony, however, 
is that of our own (American) missiona- 
ries on the islands. 

'"Our little mission church, as ori- 
ginally formed,* say the brethren, ' has 
expanded into a community of large 
churches, who build their own chapels, 
support their own pastors either in 
whole or in part, send Christian mis- 
sions to other island groups of the 
Pacific, and furnish Ifunds to the 
government for their primary schools 
through every part of the kingdom. 
Such is the present posture of things 
among a people who, thirty years ago, 
were dwelling in the depths of degra- 
dation and vice. Such is the blessing 
God has been pleased to confer on this 
nation, through the power of his word 
committed to our hands. These being 
the facts, we can no longer account 
them heathen, nor consistently look to 
the American churches for an entire 
support, as in former years. The finger 
of Providence points us to assume a 
new and distinct relation to our patrons 
and the churches of our native land.' " 

Kor has the cost of this intellectual, 
moral, religious, and social creation 
been large. The board has expended 
about £170,288; the Bible Society, 
£8,645 ; and the Tract Society, £4,9o8 ; 
in all, £183,891. The exploring expe- 
dition of the United States squadron to 



the south seas cost more. It is not 
even the expense of building a line of 
battle ship and ^keeping it in service 
one year. 

The separation of the native churches 
firom American sympathy and aid is 
not absolute. The board has wisely 
resolved to aid the churches for a 
season. While entirely maintaining 
their iiative pastors, it is only in part 
that the churches will be at present 
called upon to support their foreign 
pastors. Eight of these the churches 
will entirely support, leaving twelve 
only partially dependent on the funds of 
the board. It is gratifying to find that 
the native Christians have promptly 
met the claims upon them for the 
maintenance and propagation of the 
gospel, and that the native pastors are 
greatly respected and pro8X)ered in their 
work. 

Thus the great Head of the church 
is pleased to cheer his people in their 
enterprise of faith, and to give them 
abundant testimony of his approbation 
of their work. May these delightful 
results bo speedily multiplied, until all 
lands, and the isles of the sea, shall 
rejoice together before the Lord in the 
gracious display of his mercy and love. 
Uis providence and his word concur 
in the exhortation, *'Be not weary in 
well-doing ; for in due season ye shall 
reap, if ye faint not" 



THE EXILES OF MADEIRA. 

TUE EXODUS. 



At the time of Mr. Uewitson's arri- 
val in Madeira, under the auspices of 
the Free Church of Scotland, only some 
twenty or thirty Portuguese had re-i 
nounced popery. There were, however, 
a very large number of persons deeply 
impressed with the truth who were in 
Hbeoaostaat habit of reading the Scrip- 



tures, and had given up confession. As 
Mr. Hewitson was not burdened with 
the restrictions laid upon Dr. Kalley, 
he began immediately to draw around 
him a small number of the converts and 
inquirers. The ordinances of the gospel 
were administered in secret. But the 
word of the Lord prevailed. On eveiy 



FOR MARCH, 1854. 



185 

hind tlie truth spread, and very many night he continued to hold his meetings, 
were learning to read that holy volume, The feast was kept in secret, in his 
whose promises cheered the persecuted 
and wrought a childlike faith in the 
hearts of those who believed. 

The meetings at last attracted the 
attention of the priests and authorities, 
and were given up. The people were 
then invited to visit Mr. Hewitson indi- 
vidually, two or three at a time. Great 
numbers availed themselves of the 
opportunity,'taking their turns through- 
out the day to converse with their 
teacher on the things of God. The 
second communion service took place on 
the 20th of April, 1845, when sixty-one 
persons commemorated the dying love 

of Christ. It was a solemn service, 

after sunset on the sabbath evening. 

The sweet 'calm of the fading day was 

in full accordance with the exhortation 

of the servant of God, and the holy 

peace which filled every heart of these 

bidden ones of the Lord. These seasons 

of refreshment prepared the little flock 

for the stormy days at hand. 
Their place of meeting began to be 

vatched. A few persons suspected of 

attendance were arrested and examined. 

On the 10th of May, a woman was put 

into prison for teaching her neighbours 

to read the bible, and a man was im- 
prisoned at 8anta Cruz for the like 

offence. The ire of the priesthood was 

rapidly rising, and the bishop declared 

His resolution, aided by the authorities, 

to put down all dissent from the church 

of Rome. Various acts of persecu- 
tion occurred; and many were cast 

into prison. Yet, in spite of all, 

the word of truth won its way, giving 

^Rht and life to the perishing. In July, 

placards were affixed to the church doors, 

^wiouncing that every recusant must 

confess or attend church within ten 

^ys, on pain of imprisonment. Mr. 

Hewitson's own position became im- 



dining room, with closed doors and win- 
dows ; but, among the little band^ were 
three prisoners, out on parole, through 
the kindness of their jailor, in whose 
heart the Lord had inspired pity. 

The increasing peril attendant on any 
kind of public meeting now induced 
Mr. Ilewitson to form a class, number- 
ing fifteen or sixteen persons, which he 
might train as teachers of their country- 
men. This expedient was eminently 
usefuL The disciples met in smaller 
bands in various places under the guid- 
ance of these trained and selected 
brethren, and were edified. But dangers 
always attended them. By December, 
the prisoners in jail were twenty- 
eight in number — their crime, a deadly 
one in the eyes of the papacy, the 
reading of the word of God and social 
prayer. In three instances banishment 
to the coast of Africa for seven years 
was only avoided by a timely flight to 
Demcrara. One of the claps, visiting an 
imprisoned friend in the gaol at Santa 
Cruz, was himself detained, and put on 
his trial on the charge of denying the 
real presence of Christ in the host. 

With the hope of gaining for the 
converts a longer period of repose from 
open persecution, Mr. Ilewitson left the 
island in May, 1846, for a few months. 
Previously to this, however, he ordained 
six elders and several deacons to con- 
duct the meetings and regulate the 
business of the church during his ab- 
sence. But the hour of the enemy was 
at hand. 

"On the morning of sabbath, the 
2nd of August," writes Mr. Hewitson's 
biographer, ''there assembled in the 
house of an English family betwixt 
thirty and forty of the converts, to 
listen to a pastoral letter from Mr. 
Ilewitson, in addition to their ordinary 



perilled; he was threatened with judi-i exercises of prayer, axi^ ^tBl^e, ^oA 
^pitfoffedingB/jet undercover of the I reMng of the word. "NlQWi^Vfi^a i 



186 



THE MISSIONARY HEBALD 



rafBan rabble had been muatered bj through the hoaie, a ahadderpataadorer 



one of the canons of the cathedral 
ohurch. 

** A» the little congregation was about 
to retire, tho rabble had arrived at the 
gate, headed bj the canon in full canon- 
icals^ &nd shouting defiance and revenge. 
The first to leave the house was Senhor 
Arsenic de Silva the elder, who had 
been conducting the worship. The 
instant he appeared, the canon thrust 
in his face an image, bidding him kiss 
it, and ' adore his God ! * Heaping on 
him all manner of abusive epithets, be 
knocked off his hat, as a means of 
inciting the mob to personal violence. 
With great difficulty Arsenic escaped 
along with three or four others who had 
come out behind him. 

''Till eleven at night the house was 
besieged by the mob at the instigation 
of the canon and several other priests 
who were present, and under the conni- 
vance of the civil authorities. At last, 
towards midnight, the smashing of the 
windows and crash of the bludgeons on 
the door, announced that the money and 
liquor of the enemy were fearfully doing 
their work. Amidst the yells of the 
mob, the cry was still heard for admit- 
tance, when Miss Rutherford, addressing 
them in that calm, gentle, temperate, 
yet firm and dignified manner, which 
distinguished her conduct through the 
night, begged them to withdraw, urging 
the danger they were incurring by so act- 
ing in violation of the law. ' Nao ha leis 
pelos Calvanistas ' (There are no laws for 
Calvinists), was the instant reply, show- 
ing that the impression produced by 
the long preceding course of authorised 
persecution was, that Christians were 
outlawed by the fact of being readers of 
the word of Qod : with a further threat 
that if the doors were not immediately 
opened, they would bum the house to 
the ground! Another smash of win- 
dows followed, Aa each blow fell upon 



the inN-alid's weakly fWune. Meanwhile, 
Miss Rutherford and Clarke, her English 
maid, were exerting themselves to con- 
ceal -lie poor Christians from the 
anticii cited murderous attack. They 
oon^.:^iod almost exclusively of harm- 
less, a ;:ct, inoffensive women ! But 
they wc:ro ^protestants ; they had not 
been to mass, nor had they lately paid 
the fv.M?h of confession ; and so their sex 
was no protection from the bludgeon of 
the ruffian ! They were marked out by 
the priesthood for vengeance, and the 
end was to justify the means. For their 
greater security they were hurried into 
the kitchen, at the remote end of the 
house, that being the apartment likely 
to be last reached by the assailants, and 
from which thepe was a stair-door down 
to the garden. The seats were then 
removed from the room in which the 
meeting had been held ; bibles and bon- 
nets were put out of the way, so that no 
additional cause 'for excitement might 
inflame the rabble as they entered. Still 
crash succeeded crash, and blow suc- 
ceeded blow ! 

" After a few more crushing blows, 
the door of the house flew open ; still 
none dared enter. Soon after midnight, 
just as arrangements were completed 
above, lights were distinguished on the 
staircase, and almost immediately they 
entered the drawing room. Off this 
room was the invalid's chamber, and 
thither the rioters directed their course. 
Six or oight of the ruffians, preceded by 
boys carrying lights, flashing ^in their 
faces, daringly entered the room, and 
demanded the Portuguese, placing, by 
this act of reckless cruelty, the life of a 
defenceless invalid lady, guiltless of. 
crime, in the most imminent danger. 
They were informed that the Portuguese 
were not there, and would not be given 
up ; and they were desired, moreover, 
not to «>mQ foxther into the sick lady*8 



the windows and 'door, and resounded | room. IVie^ ^\niv««^ ^ft1R^« ^^ 



FOR MARCH, 1854. 



187 



few minates, and then went grumbling 
and muttering away. A guard l>eing 
left in the drawing room," continues 
the tragic story, "they proceeded in 
March of their Tictima — a rather 
tedious process, by the way, in a house 
with twenty bedrooms and six sitting 
rooms, besides a chapel and closets of 
all kinds. At length, we heard the yell 
of triumph, — the victims had lK.*en 
iDond. Resistance was not thought of, 
but they were all on their knees in 
prayer to God. One was seized — his 
bead laid open to the bone, and himself 
thrown over the banister to the ground. 
Here the mob were beating him with 
dabs, and dragging him out to be mur- 
dered in the' garden, 'For it is a less 
flrime,* said they, 'to kill him there.* 
Aft the very moment of opening the 
door by which to drag out their intended 
fifitim, the police and soldiers entered, 
thus catching them in the very act of 
oairage and intended murder in a 
British subject's house. The mob were 
uked by what authority they had entered 
that house, to which they replied, that 
'they did not care for authority or law.* 
Two of the ruffians were then secured, 
msrohed off, and lodged in jail.'' 

On the following Lord's day Dr. 
Kalley's house wus attacked, sacked, 
and the contents burnt, Dr. Kalley and 
his wife barely escaping with their lives 
to a British steamer in the bay. ]Many 
of the converts fled from their homes to 
the mountains. Some were caught, or 
their hiding pLices discovered, and were 
cnielly beaten. Two hundred took re- 
fuge on board an emigrant ship, to seek 
b aaothcr land a refuge from the fury 
of their adversaries. Their destination 
was Trinidad. Soon after three hun- 
dred and fifty more followed. Ulti- 
nuktely, the numl)er of exiles sent to 
Trinidad and to the other West India 
ulsads, rose to about eight hundred. 



In the midst of these direful afflictions 
these poor oppressed ones bore a noble 
testimony for Christ. An English re- 
sident who was also forced to fly to the 
steamer to save his lifu from the wild 
rage of the priestly mob, thus writes of 
them :— 

'* This ship is to take away two hun- 
dred of your flock to Trinidad. Seventy 
are already on board. Tho sound of the 
hymns is very sweet as it rises from the 
hold. It is a great privilege to be near 
them in tliis time of noed, and to see 
that their faith docs not fail. They 
never speak against their perseoutors — 
they only mention them with pity. 
Sometimes I overhear them in prayer, 
praying for their enemies^ and for those 
who have turned back again to the 
Casas d'Jdolatrie. They have all been 
in hidings on tho mountains — their 
houses broken up and pillaged; and 
many of them have nothing left but tho 
clothes thoy wear. Alas ! now the door 
in Madeira seems closed indeed — your 
flock scattered in other lands.*' 

We shall not follow these *■' wit- 
nesses" into their exile. They have not 
been unciirod for. In Trinidad and in 
Illinois, Mr. Howitson and Dr. Kalley 
have visited them, and organized them 
into churches. The love of some was 
found to have waxed cold ; but very 
many were found cleaving to the Lord 
>rith purpose of heart, and walking in 
the fear of God. 

Lut alas ! for Madeira. How dim is 
the light become, wliich in tender mercy 
tho liord permitted to shine in the 
dense darkness of its superstitious at- 
tachment r^ tt) Rome. A few in secret 
still seek after God and sigh for the day 
of redemption ; but jvjpery is triumph- 
ing over the de8(»lation it has wrought. 
It has made a de.^ort, and calls it a 
fertile land. '* How long, Lord 1 " 



188 



THE MISSIONARY HERALD 



JAMAICA. 

CAXABA.B COLLEGE, FOR TRAININQ NATIVE TOUNQ XEK FOR THE GOSPEL XIKISTBY. 



The anniversary of this institution 
was held on Tuesday and Wedxtesday, 
the 6th and 7th of December, when the 
students were minutely and carefully 
examined in the several branches of 
literature and science to which their 
attention had been directed during the 
year. 

The following ministers wore present, 
most of whom took part in the interest- 
ing duties of the occasion, viz., the 
Rev. Messrs. J. M. Phillippo of Spanish 
Town, J. Clark of Brown's Town, B. 



first and second chapters by the Rev. 
Benjamin Millard. 

The students collectively were also 
closely exercised by the Rev. B. Millaxd 
in English grammar and compodtioii ; 
in natural science, and in arithmetic, to 
mensuration and the rule of three in 
decimals, by the Rev. J. M. Phillippo, 
and in physical geography, by the Rer. 
J. Clark. 

These various exercises occapied the 
whole of the first day, and were dooed 
with prayer by the Rev. William TeaUL 



Millard of St. Ann's Bay, J. E. Hender- 1 On the second day, afler the Rev. R. 
son of Waldensia, E. Ilcwctt of Mount i Dalling had invoked the Divine bene- 
Carey, St. James's, W. Tcall of Lucea, | diction, Mr. Bennet, the senior student, 
Hanover, T. Gould of Clarendon, E. '. read an essay on the '' Intercession of 



Pray of Refuge, A. Brown of Kettering, 
R. Dalling of Stacey Ville. The Rev. 
Messrs. W. Dendy of Salter's Hill, and 
R. Qay of Falmouth, it was much re- 
gretted, were not present during the 
early part of the proceedings, being 
prevented by the inclemency of the 
weather. 

Several other friends of the institu- 
tion connected with churches more or 
less distant from Calabar also favoured 
the institution with their attendance. 

On the first day, after prayer offered 
by the Rev. Thomas Gould, the Rev. J. 
M. Phillippo conducted the examination 
of the first and second classes in the 
Latin and Greek languages. In Latin, 
the first class had read during the year 
the first book of the -^Sneid of Virgil ; 
the second the construing exercises of 
the Charterhouse grammar, and the life 
of Miltiadcs, in Cornelius Nepos. In 
Greek, the former part of the first book 
of the Anabasis of Xenophon, and the 
latter part of the first chapter of St. 
John. In Hebrew, the first class had 
jead nine chapters of the first book of 



Christ/' after which the Rev. J. Clark 
was the presiding examiner in mental 
science, and the Rev. J. E. HendersoD, 
in the evidences of Divine revelation. 

An essay was next read by Mr. 
Duckett, a student of the first year, on 
'* Christian Watchfulness," which was 
followed by an examination of the 
several classes in Scripture "^ex^gesis, 
analysis of scripture, scripture geo- 
graphy, and Jewish antiquities, by 
Messrs. Millard, GK>uld, and Clark. 

Mr. P. O'Meally, who also had. been 
but one year in the institution, con- 
cluded the series of subjects 'of examina- 
tion by reading an essay on effectoal 
prayer. 

In the afternoon of the day, aooording 
to previous announcement, a public 
meeting was held in the large room of 
the college, presided over by the Rev. J. 
M. Phillippo. 

The service was commenced by sing- 
ing an appropriate h3rmn given out 1^ 
the Rev. D. J. East, the president of tlra 
institution, and by prayer offered by the 
Rev. Ellis Fray. A series of brief 



SuBuel, and were mterrogated in the\iheoV>iC^ci83L ^»7g«t% ii«tft \l»gi tend in 



FOB MARCH, 1864. 



180 



Buooeaiion, by three of the senior 
rtadents ; by Mr. Pinnock, on " Christ 
our Bubetitate," by Mr. Campbell, on 
"Union with Christ/' and by Mr. 
Steele on " Christ oar example." These 
ezerdBefly which gave great satisfac- 
tion, were followed by the singing of 
another hymn adapted to the occasion, 
after which the chairman delivered the 
oondading address, which embraced 
idvice and counsel to the students, 
cnoooragement to the president, and an 
appeal to the congregation for their 
increased aid in the support of this 
truly valuable and important seminary, 
^e president of the college then rose 
and addressed the meeting under deep 
emotion, excited by some passages in 
the address of the chairman, and by the 
cheering results of the examination. 
Another hymn was sung, and, after 
prayer offered by the Rev. A. Brown, 
the congregation, which was numerous 
ud respectable, notwithstanding the 



favourable specimens of style, reflection; 
and research. The students altogether 
displayed, indeed, in proportion to the 
opportunities they had enjoyed, such 
substantial and gratifying attainment as 
merited the warmest commendation of 
the examiners and friends present. 

It was additionally gratifying to the 
friends of the institution to know, that 
both the scientific and literary^informa- 
tion acquired, was regarded by the young 
men as only subservient to that higher 
kind of knowledge which it is their 
one great* object to attain, in order to 
be better qualified for their future work 
in winning souls. 

At the same time the results inspired 
the most gratifying hopes that, under 
the continued influence of the God of 
all grace, the young men who are 
favoured with its advantages, will reflect 
credit upon the institution by becoming 
consistent and able ministers of the 
New Testament, and honoured means of 



unfavourable state of the weather, diffusing the genuine spirit of Chris- 



separated, expressing their great plea- 
nre and satisfaction with the proceed- 
ings. 

The manneri in which the young men 
passed through the whole of the exor- 
cises prescribed, especially such as 
related to the critical elucidation of 
the sacred scriptures and theology in 
general, reflected honour on the care, 
attention, and ability of their respected 
tator, as well as credit on their own 
diligence and perseverance. They were 
evidently well grounded in what they 
had been taught, performing their exer- 
cises with correctness, and replying to 
the interrogatories with which they were 
pressed, readily and with perspicuity, 
intellectually, rather than mechanically ; 
thus supplying an additional demonstra- 
tion of the fact that, though skins may 
differ, yet intellect, as well as affection, 
dwells in black and white the same. 
The essays that were read on the differ- 
ent ihe^cgiaU aubjeota afforded Yorj\ increased efl&ciency, aa weW ua lo «auVS&Vs 



tianity among the churches which they 
may be called to serve. 

The evening was occupied on general 
business of the denomination, and par- 
ticularly in reference to general educa- 
tion, on which latter subject an ad- 
mirable and elaborately written paper 
was read by the Rev. J. M. Phillippo, 
and cordially approved. 

On Thursday morning the annual 
meeting of the general committee of 
the Calabar institution was held in the 
library of the college house, the Rev. J. 
M. Phillippo in the chair. 

An abstract of the report of the pro- 
ceedings, together with the receipts and 
disbursements of the past year were 
read, from which it appeared that, 
though everything connected with the 
institution in every other respect was as 
satisfactory as could have been anti- 
cipated, increased funds were neces- 
sary for its conUnued aup^^tV. «[A \\a 



/. 



100 



THE MISSIONARY IIBRALD 



demands arising from some neoetsary 
repairs of the premiaea and other extra- 
ordinary oiroumstances ; the seininary 
having no resource but what is supplied 
by voluntary contributions of its friends 
in Jamaica and in England. 

It was also stated that sixteen young 
men had been educated in the college 
from its first establishment, nearly all of 
whom were occupying important spheres 
of labour in the island as pastors and 
teachers; that six are now availing 
themselves of its advantages, and that 
others had applied for admission for its 
privileges. 

After various arrangements were con- 
certed for the future government and 
benefit of the institution, a proposal was 
made to add to the theological seminary, 
a normal or high school on liberal prin- 
ciples, for the training of teachers and 
lor the advancement of scholars of 



promise as to attainments and character 
from common schools, and for the 
benefit of private individuals of the 
higher class, in the various branches of 
literature and science ; and thus to 
combine the advantages of both insti- 
tutions at inconsiderable 'expense, just 
as is done in many of the colleges oi 
the European continent and in America. 
The proposal, after an interesting discus- 
sion, was entertained, and a committee 
appointed to mature a plan for consi- 
deration, at a general meeting to bo 
held in February next. 

The foregoing report has been sent to 
us by Mr. Phillippo; and we have 
inserted it because many friends in this 
country subscribe liberally to the insti- 
tution, and because all our readers 
must feel interested in its success as a 
means of supplying a native pastorate 
for Jamaica. 



FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. 



INDIA, Aqrh. — Mr. Robert Robinson^ 
son of our late venerable brother, tlie Rev. 



the low stAte of piety among the meinbcn of 
the cliurch, his work nmong them is, there- 



W. Robinson of Dncc.i, has long desired to fore, more the work of a missionary than of 
devote himself to mission work, and twice a pastor. He adds, however, '* I am happy 



offered himself to the Committee with the 
cordial recommendation of the brethren in 
Calcutta, some months ago the Committee 
invited him to take the charge of the station 
at Daccn. The last mail brought the pleas- 
ing intelligence that Mr. Robinson, who gives 
up a valuable employment in the civil service, 
hat cheerfully responded to the call, and will 
proceed to Dacca as soon as he can bring his 
present engagements to an end. He SAy», " I 
citeem it a poouliar favour that I am per- 



to say the work nmong the heathen com- 
munity usually cheers me more. I am fre- 
quently going to the bazar and usually have 
a good numhcr of people, who libten for one 
or two hours with attention. The same ii 
the case in the villages around us. There 
being many )>rnhmln8, wo have now and then 
some dispute, but it is not with the same 
bittonie&s as I have seen it in other plac-ji. 
The people have heard much. Mr. Cham- 
berUiin is still rememhered^by those more 



mitted to enter upon the labours of my ■ advanceil in yearii, Mr. Carey was otlcn with 
revered father." IVrhaps by this time lilr. : them with his good Bengali, and Mr. 
Robinson has entered on his work. If so, Williamson is known all over this part of the 
may the Lord greatly prosper him. Thus country. The mission stations also of Burd- 



there is one vacancy filled up. 



wan, KishnagorCi and ]lerhampore, do much 



CuTWA. — Mr. Supper is busily occupiod in '■ to remove the prejudices of the people, and 

putting matters at this station into order. ' diffuse the knowledge of our religion among 

The death of a missionary, especially when j the people. But the saving power of all 

his place is not at once supplied, is sure to ! comes from the Lord, and to us it belongs to 

/f/re hkgaccessor much te do. He laments \ draw doiitvH\»V\e*Aft%V>v VflntSLV ^««<ser«.'' 



FOR MARCH, 1854. 



101 



MoHQHiB. — Mr. Lawrenee writes, ** It ii 
idll « daj of Bnnll thingi with us. Our con- 
V0U eome in, after long interval!, by onet 
930.4 t«t» only. We hope the Lord ii still 
with □». During the past year there has been 
n addition to the church of Are persons by 
haptim, three natives and two Europeans. 
has been no painful case of exclusion, 
have withdrawn, none dismissed ; one 
only has been remoTed by death. The pre- 
lent number of members, of uU classes, is 
sercnty-two. The native Christian congrega- 
tion has somewhat improved, and I hope will 
continue to increase." 
Jessoee. — By a letter from Mr. Sale 



warded a lung and interesting letter fW>m &Tr. 
Silva the native pastor of Matiira, who is 
labouring with great self-denial, having no 
support but what the people afford. One 
sentence only can we extract, but it is an 
index to the whole. ** I can give my testi- 
mony that the Lord is kind. I do not 
remember having asked any man for support 
since I came here. But the Lord has in- 
clined the hearts of the people to bring need- 
ful supplies. At times when I have had 
nothing to procure the next meal, something 
has been sent in just in time, and provetl 
* that man's extremity is God's opportunity.* " 
JAMAICA, Spanish Town.— Mr. Phil- 



dated January, we find that ho has removed ; lippo writes : — '* The packet brought me the 



te Jenofe from Baiisaul, as directed by the 
Oonnittce, and ' has fully entered on the 
dntifls of the station. He has visited all the 
itstions, examfaied into the state c the little 
duirrbflt in it, and as fiir as possible put their 
iSm in order. ^ We have plenty of preach- 
isg room on all udes of us, and are putting 
sp some plaeet in the cheapest manner so as 
to get the girls' school started again. Mrs. 
Sale much regretted leaving her school at 
Bsiiiaul, and has now to begin entirely anew. 
Not 10 strong as she n'as, and having three 
little ones to care for, she begs that some pious 
istclljgent young person may bo sent to 
autain her in her bolitary toil, for when I 
am not at hand it is solitar}' indeed." 



gratifying intelligence that my kind friends 
had at length succeeded.' in assisting me in 
mv difliculties to the extent desired ; and no 
language that I cnn employ could convey to 
them the full expressions of my heart for 
their kindness. Irrespective of difficulties I 
must expect to sharo in consequence of the 
depressed state of the country, I am as 
contented and happy as I can hope to ha on 
this side eternity. I never before received 
so many external tokens of courtesy and 
good will. One thing adds to my happiness 
at the present time^my second son is, I trust, 
decidedly ])ious, and has strong desires for 
tho work of the ministry. May God direct 
his way. Brother Hume wiia with us yester- 



Ceylon. Colombo. — Nothing of a very day, January iAth, on his return from Eng- 
exclting nature has marked the labours of the I land in good health and excellent spirits." 
Dittionary agents during the past year. There | Falmouth. — From Mr. Gay wo learn that 
bii been advance in some directions. A few ' a large immigration of Portuguese had taken 
hare been introduced to the fellowship of the ! place there, as many ns three hundred fum- 
Pcttah church. Several of its members are : jlios ; many of them have since died, and 



leeking the extension of Christ's kingdom in 



tiie pulpit on Lord's day morning before tlie 



manv more are totallv disabled. '* It is a 



tbe various localities. One member sujiplied murderoiis system. They cannot laboiur on 



the soil, but they can lie beneath it. And so 



urival of Mr. Carter, to allow me to go into it has been since the days of William Knibb 

the Jungle during that part of the day. Con- who unsparingly denounced it . A thouumd 

sdcrahle effort was also made to mise sub- , more arc coming to be landed and distributed 

Kriptions towards the support of a pastor in , in Trelawny. Could you not get the Com- 

the hope the Committee would assist to send | mittee of the British and Foreign Bible 

tiiem one. In the native churches a few ■ Society to give mc a gr.uit for their use, as 

changes have taken place. Only one had many of them can read, and it would afford 

i^ded to its members, though there arc many | an introduction to tho gospel 1 " We are 

candidates, and many have been importunate | glad to add that on application to tho British 

for idmipsion. But great caution is nccca- 1 and Foreign Bible Society (V pdiiV. n:^,% oN. 

■7 JB 0udt BUiUen, Mr, AUen ha§ for- \ once made, and forwarded lo Itlr. Cja:>f . 



102 



THE MISSIONARY HERALD 



SkYkVKk Lk Mab. — We hare received a 
long and interesting statement, from Rer. 
John Clarke, respecting the charches under 
hit care. It gives a clear and distinct Tiew 
of their condition and progress. From this 
statement wc learn that at Savanna la Mar 
and Fuller's Field, with their out stations, 
there are in fellowship 910 members, 281 
inquirers, added by baptism 128, which, with 
those received from other churches and re- 
stored, make the clear increase 172. 



This is very encouraging, and thongh we are 
well aware that onr brother has had to 
struggle with great difficulties, yet here is a 
rich reward, and the prospect before him is 
rich in promise. 

HAITI, Jacxkl.— At date of last advioei 
Jan. 27th we are glad to learn that Mr. 
Webley, and the mission family were all 
well. By next mail we hope to have intelli- 
gence of the station in full. 



HOME PROCEEDINGS. 



The meetings held during the past month 
have been numerous. Mr. Underbill, Rev. 
H. Dowson, and Dr. Hoby have visited Scot- 
land, the two former taking the district from 
Dundee to Edinburgh, and thence westward 
to Glasgow and Irvine ; the latter, Aberdeen, 
Huntly, and Aberchirdcr in the north. Up 
to the time of going to press the accounts we 
have received have been very cheering. In 
addition to the collections made in the chapels 
of onr own denomination, meetings have been 
held and sermons preached on behalf of the 
Society in free churches, united presbyterian, 
and independent chapels. On Lord's day 
evening, the 19th ult., a united proyer meeting 
was held at Elder Street chapel^ Edinburgh, at 
which nearly all the pastors in the city were 
present and took a part. The deputation 
speak of it as a truly refreshing and delightful 
service. Mr. Pearce and Mr. Trcstrail advo- 
cated the Society's claims at Tottenham and 
Eagle Street, and with Mr. Carey at Kings- 
ton ; Mr. Pearce also accompanied Mr. Tres- 
trail to Brentford ; the latter also preaching 
on the Society's behalf at Hcmcl Hempstead 
and Eagle Street. 

The brethren accepted for India are 
steadily pursuing their studies under Mr. 
Pearce, and making satisfactory progress in 
the language. In this way they are, in fact, 
doing their work before they enter on their 
future field of labour ; and when they arrive 
there, will enter upon it under circumstances 
more fovourable than most of those who have 
preceded them. 

FTNANCES-IMPORTA^T. 
Am tiua 2$ the latt month of the Bnancial 



year, we again beg respectfully to remind the 
pastors and deacons of the ehurchei^ and the' 
officers of auxiliaries, that the accountf of 
the Society close on the 31st of March ; and 
that all monies to be acknowledged in 
the next annual report must be received at 
the Mission House on or before that day. 

It will conduce to the facility and correct* 
ness of making up the contribution lista ftr 
the report, if our friends can supply us irith 
full particulars, with the names of contri- 
butors alphabetically arranged ; and should 
any remittances have been already made, of 
which particulars have not been furnished, we 
shall feel obb'ged by their tntnsmisuon with- 
out delay. 

ANNUAL SERVICES. 

It will be a great convenience to the secre- 
taries if the pastors of London churches who 
may have engaged with brethren to preach 
on behalf of the Society, in London, Lord's 
day, April 23rd, would communicate !he 
names of the brethren thus engaged, and the 
services they take, whether morning or eren- 
ing, or both. 

Mr. Trcstrail has to acknowledge the 
receipt of £116 12s., ''coUected by Mr. 
Cowell and friends at Faversham, to be 
devoted, by the request of the subscribers, to 
educational purposes in connexion with the 
labours of the Rev. W. H. Denham of 
Serampore." 

RETURN OF MISSIONARIES. 

Mr. Makepeace, having sought the advice 
of ^,he fin^ medical gentleman m Galcntta, 
and tVial adnce \iKniv^ >MaA ^^waAfti w \« 



FOB MARCH, 1864. 



Ids 



In Kiawify of his return to Europe, at last, 
rKh daep aorTOWy rengned e?ery hope of 
sHrning in India, and embarked with his 
Smily on board the "Southampton,^ Dec. 
t7. We should hope that by this time they 
■t half waj on their passage home. 

Mr. Thomas informs us that a passage had 
hsn taken for Mr. Phillips m the ^Mon- 
uA" which was expected to leave January 
31 We fear that Hr. Phillipa is not likely 
to 8iriT« in time for the annual ^meetings. 
May He who holds the winds in his fists 
sad the waters in the hollow of his hand, 
l^fcto our brethren a safe and prosperous 



voyage.^, l We trust our friends wQl not forget 
tbem in their approaches to the throne of 
grace. 

It gives us pleasure to state also that Mrs. 
Law, wife of our esteemed missionary in 
Trinidad, arrived in safety by the lost West 
India mail packet. She had suffered a 
good deal on the voyage, but was somewhat 
better on her arrival. She is"* at Manches- 
ter with her friends. May the change of 
climate soon restore her health, which has 
been very sciiously affected by a residence in 
the tropics. 



FOREIGN LETTERS RECEIVED. 



Amu— BiMBii, Fuller, J. J., Dec. 23. 

Cuaasca, Saker, A., January 4. 
Anaici— New Yoke, Wyckoff, W. H., 

January 25. 
Aai— AoBA, Jackson, J., Dec. 20, Jan. 6 ; 
Robinson^ R., Jan. 6 ; Makepeace, J., 
Dec. 16 and 27. 
CiLCUTTA, Tlioraas, J., Dec. 17, Jan. 4, 

5 and 6. 
CoioMBo, Allen, J., Jan. 1 1 and 1*2. 
CcTvi, Supper, F., Dec. 20 and 31. 
FurnHFOftE — £dmon8tonc,G., Jun., Dec. 

27. 
itssoEE, Sdle, J., January 2. 
KiXAT, Davis, J., Dec. 24, Jan. 1 1. 
MoxoniR, Lawrence, J., Dec. 27 ; Por- 
■ons, J., Dec. 2. 
BuTTAXT — MoRLAix, Jenklns, J., Feb. 3 

(2 letters), 10 and 13. 
HAm-JiCMEL, Weblev, W. H., Jun. 27. 



Jamaica — Annotto Bat, Jones, S., Jan. 6. 

Brown's Town, Clark, J., Jan. 9. 

Falkoutm, Gay, R., Jan. 24. 

KiKOSTON, Ashbumc, A., and others, Jan. 
10; Curtis, W., and others, Jan. 10 and 
2G; licit, E., Jan. 10; Oughton, S., 
Jiin. 10 (2 letters) and 25; Thompson, 
J., and others, Jan. 10. 

Port Maria, Day, D., Jan. 9. 

Savakna la Mar, Clarke, J., Jan. 18. 

Spanish Town, All wood and Oughton, 
Jon. 10; Gould, T., Jan. 25; Phillippo, 
J. M., Jnn. 2(). 

Sprino Gardens, Milliner, G., Dec. 23. 

St URGE Town, M'Laggan, W. L., Jnn. 2. 
Trinidad — Port of Spain, Law, J., Jan. 9 

and 25. 
Van Dieman*r Land — IIobart Town, John- 
ston, K., Nov. 2C. 

Launcestok, Dowling, H., Sept. 20. 



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. 
Ae thanks of the Committee arc presented to the following friends — 



Min Elizabeth, for a box of useful articles, 

for Mrs, Saie^ India ; 
^in, Pownall, Tottenham, for a parcel of 

crochet work, for India ; 
Mn. Nash. Denmark Hill, for a parcel of 

msguines; 
Hr. Thompson^ Chancery Lane, for a 



parcel of magazines, for Rev, «/. Trqf-* 

ford, Serampore; 
The Religious Tract Society, for a grant 

of four copies of its Commentary (in 

part), for Native Teachers, India; 
Miss Thompson, Leamington, for a silk 

robe, for Africa, 



CONTRIBUTIONS, 
Beetived on account of the Baptist MUsionarj/ Society y from January 21, to 

Fdrunry 20, 1854. 



/ 



£ t. cT. I £ *. d. 

. .^wmoZSiibimirfioiw. Burlf,Mifl8J 10 

■ £^'-l^*K<i4 4 4 o]CMrtwri^LB„Kaq R B 

**tlllti « 1 1 1 CbriMiUui, H., Esq 110 



£ s. d. 

ColUnis W., Envi & ft Q 

Coiens, Mtb \ \ <s 

Gooding*, W.,lei\ 2 ^ ^ 



THK MISSIOHART HUULD 



Do^fotX/V.™ 1 

Pbiui(i*,Ur.... _ I 

Souli, W^ L- B*« 1 



Datoulilie Sqtiua— 



CsUwiiiBD J 7 a 

rnndoa, Logii— 
CMiUlknU«u,b7l(n. 



Wnribiiirw. 
OsnUlbnlliMut^btin) 1 



Omlr^Uai 



QlKw!- .' 1 1« 

MBkr, CMIan Btrtet— 
Cantribntliini, bj^ Mr. 
D. DuvuWa. Ibr 
BtHin Fnndirn ... 1 1 
fiH>nl »n<l, Utnbelh- 

Pirrui, MMnr ...A.S. 10 
Mtcn' lUL— 

Y. M. M. A, for 

Afrmia Eclioot ..-.. IS 



Luton, Old Mnllng— 
Caniribuiisna, two 

B1i4nibiwk— 

BlnHnliun— 
ContrHmllnni, bj Mr. 

Prtadiri S 

Windwr— 

CollKtlana e 1 I 

CoDlrtbatloni „ 11 3 

Do., for AiMii t 10 

D«.,Eluidaj Scbooli 3 1] 

£1 lei 



n«Rtrthatl«i(. for 
■alum- 
CuntclbiiliMisli)' Mill 



Walton oa IVent- 



ConliilntloDi ... 

ABgta,UlM.forJ 

DoTonpon, Uorlu 

BaaiKj Behaul. 

Klnjabfidgi— 



lU 10 
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10 11*3 



Wtrmoulh— 
JintiUc Sodatr I 

Loubloi^' 
GoiiUlliiiUew,>iTWw 



bl* HedlBAm— 
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JTcrtita FnaditTt ._ 



BU11iI(loH— 
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Sostn, Hr, Jobn 



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PTDcndaufnaMsM- 



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SOUTH WALKS. 



I 4 ' FontcilTll— 

: 6' CollMtlon ft 4 \ 

— \ CmAti\nA\ink% - iW * 




THE MISSIONARY HBRALD FOB HABCB, 18M. 



D(k, flondiij SgbiMl 4 II 




CDnUibuliooi, Si. 



Do., in Tnaata- 






m, Un. Ifu7, ! 

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batlou. Tut 



FORBION. 

Mr. ul Hn., ' 
mllilnlof JGIOC... 31 S C 



CaolrlbnlWi 10 e 



Suburiptioos and Donatioiu in aid of the Baptist MiraioDnrj- Sixdeljr will be thukflillT 
(•ceiTedbyWilliBmBrodieGurne)' Esii., mid Simincl Morton Peto,E»q,,M. P., Treasurer!; 
bj the Rev. Frederick Trestrail anci Edwnrd Bcnn Underhill, E»q,, Swretariea, at the 
Mlnon House, 3.1, Mour^'iile Street, Lomdoi> : in Edifbdboh, by the Rev. Jjnuilhui 
Wation.and John Miicandrew,E«q,; in GiAsaow.liv C. Aridtrsim, E«q.; in DoBU-f, hj 
John Puner, Esq., lUthminca Caatlc; in CiLOuwi, bj the Rev. Jamea ThomM, BapttM 
Himon Press; nnd M Nbw Yoh«, United State*, bj W. Colgal«,E«q. ConlributioM cnn 
alio be paid in nt Meem. Barclay, Bcvan, Tritton, and Co., Umbaid Street, to the Mceunt 
of tbs Treuuien, 



THE 



BAPTIST MAGAZINE, 



APRIL, 1864. 



MEMOIR. OP THE liATE REV. THOMAS CLARKE OF ASHFORD, KENT. 

[bT niS SOK, THB RET. E. CLARKE OF TWERTON, NEAR BATH. 



Thomas Clarke, the third son of John 
indSarah Clarke^ was born at Newbury in 
Berkshire on the 3rd of February, 1 787. 
His&therand grandfather were builders : 
tk latter of whom erected the noble 
market place and Town Hall of New- 
baiy. The constitution of Thomas, the ; 
mbject of this memoir, was delicate, 
ud through a fearful fright he received 
when quite a boy, his nervous system 
was for a time completely shattered. 
From this, however, by the skilful use 
of means he recovered. At a large 
gnmmar school, where he received his 
flirly education, he made rapid strides 
b knowledge, and displayed great 
tttinty of mind. On his leaving school 
he was placed for a few months with 
i medical gentleman ; but he soon 
oonodved a thorough distaste for the 
profesBion, although ho afterwards be- 
came passionately fond of it. An open- 
ing not long after presenting itself he 
^ apprenticed to a woollen draper at 
Beading. Having been educated hy hk 

fOL Xr/t — rOUMTB SERTMB, 



parentsin the principles of the episcopal 
church, he regularly attended divine 
service with his employer, who was a 
churchman. About this time the Rev. 
W. Marsh, of Reading, feeling solicitous 
for the spiritual welfare of his fellow 
parishioners, proposed for a trifling sum 
to take the services of the church, or 
see the pulpit supplied with evangelical 
preachers. He obtained the aid of 
several ; but he himself often officiated. 
To the first sermon he preached from 
the words, '' Behold the Judge standeth 
before the door,** Thomas was indebted 
for a deep and powerful impression of 
the importance of vital godliness. Sub- 
sequently he was invited by the same 
clergyman to a weekly conference, read- 
ing of the scripture and prayer, at 
which Lady Marsh his pious mother, 
and Lady Cadogan attended. These 
meetings proved highly conducive to 
his spiritual illumination. 

Some months after this, apparently 
by accident, he one Lord's da^ W^xd 



•i L 



108 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. THOMAS CLARKE. 



fr 



the Rev. A. Douglas preach, who took 
as his text the prayer of the publican, 
" God be merciful to me a sinner." To 
this sermon in connection with the 
ministry of the Rev. W. Marsh, Thomas 
was indebted as instruments to his 
acquaintance with the truth as it is in 
Jesus. He however still attended the 
established church,''and was confirmed, 
in order that he might ex\joy the privi- 
lege of communion. Afterwards, how- 
ever, meeting with a dissenting catechism, 
he was led to examine it attentively, 
and this led him to hold more tenaciously 
ideas which -had for a long period 
obtained a lodgment in his mind. He 
now reguLorly attended the independent 
chapel, and in his sixteenth year became 
a member of the church of Christ at 
Broad Street, Reading. His pastor 
observing his earnest and untiring 
efforts in sabbath school teaching and 
evangelization, took occasion to direct 
his thoughts to the subject of the 
ministry ; but he then declined all idea 
of leaving business, and at the expira- 
tion of his apprenticeship went to High 
Wycombe still farther to extend his 
knowledge of it. Here he laboured with 
great zeal in founding new sabbath 
schools, and in breaking the bread of 
life to the poor and ignorant. Nor 
was he without his reward. He had 
the pleasure of rejoicing over the con- 
version of some of his sabbath scholars, 
and a sergeant of the marinee,'who gave 
the most manifest evidence of the "re- 
newing of the Holy Ghost." Mr. Clarke 
now began to think of devoting himself 
to the work of the ministry. He 
mentioned the subject to some of his 
friends who persuaded him to cherish 
the object of his desire. Accordingly 
he made application to Homcrton 
College, and was accepted. And in the 
year 1809, he entered on his college 
course. Here in an eminent degree he 
obtained the esteem of his tutors. And 
between bim and the late Dr. Pye 



Smith there] sprang up a friendship 
which existed till death. After a re- 
sidence of about three years at college, 
Mr. Clarke was led to a thorough sifting 
of the evidence in favour of infant bap- 
tism. His views on this subject in 
consequence undergoing a complete 
change, he made it known to his tutors, 
who, greatly to their honour, informed 
him he might continue to enjoy his 
privileges as before. At the expiration, 
however, of another twelve months he 
resigned his connection with the in- 
stitution, and was baptized at Maze 
Pond chapel by the Rev. Joseph Hughes 
in May, 1812. 

In the'year 1813, Mr. Clarke accepted 
of the unanimous invitation of the 
general baptist church at Lyndhurst, 
Hants, to become*their pastor. On the 
23rd of June, 1814, he was united in 
marriage to Miss Ann Smith, the 
daughter of Mr. Thomas Smith, maltster, 
of Lymington, Hants. This union was 
a peculiarly happy one. Of Mrs. Clarke 
we have this testimony, borne by an 
eminent living minister, that she was 
without exception the most pious and 
excellent woman he ever knew. 

During Mr. Clarke's residence at 
Lyndhurst his theological views under- 
went a considerable change, and he fielt 
his happiness would be increased by 
taking the pastorate of a particular 
baptist church. Acting under this 
impression he resigned his oversight of 
the church at Lyndhurst after a dura- 
tion of eleven years. 

In the year 1826, he accepted of the 
earnest and unanimous invitation of 
the particular baptist church at Paulton, 
near Bath, to become their pastor. 
With energy and zeal he entered on hiB 
labours at this place. Here in aii^ 
especial manner his efforts in the oao^O 
of truth were crowned with the mani^ 
fcst approbation of the great Head <tf 
the church. Over many did ho her0 
rejoice «A the trophies of redaemiiB^ 



MEMOIR OP THE LATE REV. THOMAS CLARKE. 



199 



loTe, and aa the seals to his ministry. 
A new chapel was erected and a sub- 
stantial minister's house ; both of which 
he happily succeeded in completely 
freeing from debt. After ten years* 
hard and untiring labour at Paulton, he 
receired a most pressing request from 
the baptist church at Chard, Somerset, 
to become their pastor. This invitation 
after deep deliberation he accepted, as 
baying a numerous family he had a 
prospect of being enabled the more 
effectually to provide for them. Ac- 
cordingly, in 1836 he took his farewell 
of his beloved people at Paulton. Tlie 
Kparation, however, was almost too 
much for his physical frame, so intense 
wtB the agony of mind he endured in 
leaving them. Ho afterwards said he 
could not have sustained another such 
trial. 

After a residence of five years at 
Chard, he was solicited by many to give 
his aid in the raising of a baptist church 
at Bridport, Dorset. To this ho assented 
agreeing to remain with them two 
years. He resided with them, however, 
double that period : during which time 
the infant cause greatly increased in 
rtrength and vigour. A very severe 
illness towards the closing period of his 
connection with this church rendered it 
desirable that he should be free from 
the numerous extra efforts which the 
oversight of an infant cause dcnmndcd. 
Taking therefore farewell of his deeply 
affectionate friends at Bridport in 1045, 
he entered on his pastoral engagements 
with the baptist church, Ashford, Kent. 
His residence here was marked by the 
most strenuous efforts to benefit all who 
came within teach of his influence, both 
spiritually, morally, and intellectually. 
Thin, his labours in the pulpit, the 
mechanics' institute, and temperance 
lecture room l)ear witness to. Nor was 
he without his reward, lie, however, 
received a shock in the midst of his 
^sfigi^cmcttts £rom which he was destined 



never to recover. Early in November, 
1848, his beloved wife who had shared 
with him the joys and sorrows of life 
during thirty-four years was suddenly 
removed by death. From the effect of 
this bereavement he never rallied. It 
soon became evident that he would 
never again be equal to the discharge 
of the duties which had previously 
pressed on him. Alarming fainting fits, 
in which life to all appearance was for 
a time quite suspended, followed each 
other so quickly, and left such excessive 
debility, that his own medical attendant 
and an eminent physician in London 
united in their testimony that nothing 
but a cessation from ministerial labour 
could 'save his life. Convinced of the 
truthfulness of their statements, he lefl 
Ashford for Woodcnd that he might be 
near his son who was settled as pastor 
of the baptist church at Weston, 
Northamptonshire. On leaving Ashford 
Mr. Clarke received unmistakeable evi- 
dences of kindness and Christian esteen". 
Nor was this manifestation confined to 
members of his own flock, and the deep 
sympathy of his brethren in the asso- 
ciation was ever fragrant to his memory. 
Ever active in the cause of the Re- 
deemer, while at Woodcnd he founded a 
bible class, at which large numbers 
attended, and sometimes ho would 
venture to preach for his son. Tie was, 
however, soon laid aside again, and for 
three months ficarcely ventured out of 
his house. As summer drew on he 
seemed to revive, and hopes were enter- 
tained by his children and friends that 
his life might be prolonged for some 
years. Soon, however, these . anticipa- 
tions were dissipated. At a prayer- 
meeting held at his house he ventured 
to address the people at some length. 
It was observed that he spoke with 
difficulty, and shortly after he had con- 
clurlod, the disease of the lieait which 
had insidiously been making \l?>\ito^^^ 
displayed the fatal powct Vt \vM \w \i\i^ 



200 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. THOMAS CLARKE. 



system. All that medical skill could 
effect was only an alleviation of the 
excessive pain he suffered during the 
nine weeks of his last illness. His 
patience was, however, most exemplary. 
Severely indeed was it tried. But as 
the strength of the ship's cable is tested 
by the severity of the storm, so was the 
strength of his patience by his last 
affliction ; enabling him to endure the 
most excruciating sufferings with 
Christian resignation and fortitude. His 
end was in beautiful keeping with his 
life, it was the majesty of repose, saying, 
' I know in whom I have believed.** 
His mind in prospect of death, was as 
calm and unruffled as the surface of a 
placid lake unagitated by a single breeze. 
During his illness ^his desire for the 
prosperity of Zion seemed to increase in 
the ratio of his rapidly failing bodily 
strength. Referring to the spread of 
the gospel he said on one occasion, 
''Pray that the golden lamps which 
remain may bum more brightly.** It 
was his consolation, he said, to remember 
that he had preached Christ, and turn- 
ing to his son he said, " Preach Christ 
faithfully whatever be the result, then 
you will receive the crown of life." 
During his illness he dwelt much on 
the influences of the Holy Spirit, and to 
all it was manifest that divine and 
heavenly comforts were indeed realized 
by him in large measure. Hence the 
language of his lips — 

'* Blest be the Father and his lore 
To «i;ho8e celestial source we owe 
Rivers of endless joj above. 
And rills of comfort here below : " 

was beyond all question his own deep 
and sweet experience. Being asked by 
his daughter shortly before his death 
how he did, he replied, " On the borders 
of Immanuel's land.** Feeling life fast 
ebbing he said, " It is a solemn thing to 
enter into the presence of the omniscient 
Qod, and yet I can say. Let it come. 
TbADks be unto Qod that giveth me the 



victory through my Lord Jesus Christ*' 
While suffering the pains of death, he 
said, " Ah ! this is the conflict. I feel 
it ! It is hard work ! Oh ! the pain, 
the bUss of dying.*' " tea,*' added he, " I 
can say the bliss of dying. My prayer 
is that I may remain calm and patient 
to the end, and depart without a struggle 
or a groan." His prayer was answered, 
for while speaking to one of his children 
his countenance suddenly changed, he 
gave a few slight sighs and the spirit 
took its flight on Thursday, February 
17th, 1853. His remains were in- 
terred in the meeting yard at Weston. 
On the following week the Rev. J. P. 
Mursell, of Leicester, in a sermon of 
great power and pathos made an im- 
provement of his death. 

In bringing our sketch of Mr. Clarke 
to a close we may observe that as a 
man he was distinguished for his loving 
and philanthropic spirit. His exertions 
for the poor, the suffering, and destitute^ 
knew no cessation until within a very 
short period of his death. In him 
genuine unostentatious benevolence was 
as a fountain ever gushing forth with 
streams of blessings. Having a most 
excellent knowledge of medicine, he 
was to the poor a rich benefactor. In 
administering to their wants he gave 
with no sparing hand, and in relieving 
their necessities many were the comforts 
he often denied himself. But if his 
efforts to benefit men in a temporal 
point of view were so great, what shall 
we say of his exertions for their spiritual 
welfare 1 To this inquiry let the pecu- 
niary emolument he sacrificed by de- 
voting himself to the ministry — the 
churches where he laboured — the villages 
and towns in which he resided — and his 
own family circle respond. One pleasing 
circumstance we must not omit to 
mention. Of the various female servants 
who resided at different times in h\B 
family, six of them there is good reasox^ 
to beWev^^ ^«c« bTQugjht to a saving 



THE LOGOS REVEALED. 



201 



knowledge of the truth as it is in 
Jesos. 
We need hardly add that as a minister 



scientiously sincere. "He being dead 
yet speaketh :" and long will many feel 
earth somewhat more desolate, and 



he was most exemplarily faithful, as a i heaven more endeared by the recol- 
husband and father full of tenderness : lection of his departure hence, 
and affection^ and as a friend con- ' 



THE LOGOS REVEALED. 



BT THE REY. SAMUEL WILLS, P.]). 



"Iliat which was from the beginning^ which we have heard, which we hare seen with our eyes, 
which we haVe looked npoD, and our hands have handled of the word of life."— 1 John i. I. 



This epistle is not addressed to any 
particular church, but is of universal 
application to the church of God, and 
may be considered suited not only to 
the then existing Christians, but to all 
in every age of the Christian era. That 
it was written by John the Evangelist, 
appears beyond doubt from the simi- 
larity of expression and sentiment with 
Uiat of the gospel bearing his name, and 
from the united opinions of all who 
have considered it, from the earliest 
period of the Christian church. 

It appears to have been the design of 
the Spirit by John, in this epistle, to 
guard the Christians of his day against 
the doctrines of certain heretics, and at 
the same time to caution the church in 
all ages against those and all other 
rising errors. We can gather from this 
epistle, that the church soon became 
the seat of error and delusion, requiring 
this warning to all, *'Let him that 
thinketh he standeth take heed lest he 
Wl." The first propagators of the 
Rospel had not passed from their scene 
of labours to enter into rest with Christ, 
before the churches became corrupt, 
and the tares which the enemy had 
Bown made their appearance in the 
Corinthian and Gnostic heresies. It is 
therefore imperative that every Chris- 
tian should continually revert to the 
word and tho ieBtimony, and regard the I 



unerring" word of inspiration, meditate 
on these thhigs. 

The revelation of the Son of God is 
presented before us by John as the 
Logos-7-the word. 

It needs no argument to prove that it 
was not the letter of scripture that John 
alluded to, for he tells us again and 
again, that by this appellation he signi- 
fied the Lord Jesus Christ. In the first 
chapter of his gospel he says, " In the 
beginning was the word, and the word 
was with God, and the word was God." 
The Messiah was called the word of 
God by the Jews, and in those places 
where Moses put the name Jehovah, 
the Chaldee Paraphrasts, who are tho 
most ancient Jewish writers extant, 
frequently make use of the word Memra, 
which signifies the word; and it is 
generally thought, that by using this 
name they would intimate that Jehovah 
in such passages meant the Son of God. 
They ascribe to Memra all the attributes 
of deity ; they say that it was Menira 
who created the world, <kc. On this 
account partly, it may be that John 
called the Lord Jesus Christ the Word, 
or the Logos in the Greek, which is the 
same as Memra in the Ilebrew. 

It is necessary here to observe, that 
when the Lord Jesus is called the Word, 
it is not to be considered ?L\iT^Tv.l\v\w^^st 
an emanation from God ^ \3imct^>Nat\ 



202 



THE LOGOS REVEALED. 



of speech, or articulate sound, and 
simply indicating the thought of the 
mind ; while Christ is the Word, he is 
a distinct person in the Oodhcad. 
"There are three that bear record in 
heaven, the FiUher, the }Vordy and the 
Bdif QJiost, and these three are one." 
There is a mysterious union between 
the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ ; 
and such the oneness in every respect, 
that as the word bears rdation to 
thought, so Christ does to the Father. 
He was one with the Father, the repre- 
sentation of the Father, the brightness 
of the Father's glory : he did that which 
pleased the Father, '^Ue spake that 
which he heard, and testified that which 
he had seen," as in the bosom of the 
Father he declared him, in fiesh and 
other particulars Christ is the word, he 
is the eternal Word with the Father, he 
is the co-existent Word with the Father, 
he is the co-working Word with the 
Father. 

In him was life — it was the Word of 
life ; i. e. the original of life. He is the 
vital Word, and not the dead letter: 
the letter of the Word killeth, but the 
spirit of it giveth life. Christ is the 
author of all life, human, animal, or 
vegetable — the life of all creation. In 
a higher sense he is the author of 
rational and intellectual life, which 
men and angels possess — the author of 
that life which shall never die. Again, 
in the highest sense he is the life of the 
new-born soul regenerated by his Spirit — 
the life of the hidden man of the heart — 
the life and maintainer of spiritual 
existence — the Word of life by which 
man shall live more than by bread. Is 
he the bread of life ? then mark what 
he says, '* Man shall not live by bread 
alone, but by every word that proceedeth 
out of the mouth of the Lord." When 
Ezekiel was to go and declare the mind 
and purposes of God to the people, the 
Lord said to him, " Eat this roll," which 
was the volume of the revelation of the 



mind of God. Christ is the nourisher 
and maintainer of the soul, and upon 
this Word of life we feed ; i. e, we live 
by faith on the Son of God. 

But Christ is especially the Word of 
life in rehition to the gospel ; he is the 
sum and substance of it, and the great 
revealer of life in it, for here life and 
immortality are brought to light. Man 
is naturally dead, and under the curse 
of God's law held over to eternal con- 
demnation ; but Christ becomes our 
life: he makes known the way of 
life ; he says, ** I am the way, the truth, 
and the life." Of his own will begat be 
US by the word of truth, and this word 
of truth is the life of our regeneration, 
justification, and sanctification. Christ 
is the life of all Christian graces, and 
all Christian ordinances. The gospel is 
a development of the will of God in his 
mercy and love, and Christ is the sum 
and substance of it. 

The revelation of the Son of God is 
here declared. 

Simply, this is a confirmation of the 
incarnation of the eternal Word, and 
what evidence can go further than this 
to convince the credulous if ready to 
receive truth upon the evidence of the 
senses ? John says, " We have heard, 
we have seen, we have looked upon, and 
our hands have handled." Here arc 
three of the five senses brought forward 
to evidence the fact we have seen ; but 
the doubtful might reply, It was an 
apparition. Nay, but we have looked 
upon, steadfastly gazed on the object. 
Then it was an optic deception. No, 
it cannot be, for we heard. Then it was 
a combined vision and revelation, as in 
former times to Moses, Joshua, and 
others. Nay, impossible, for we have 
handled ; it is demonstrable and tangible 
proof 'of the reality, that the Word was 
made fiesh, and dwelt among us. The 
Word, the life, the eternal life, as such 
could not have been seen and felt, but 
\ a?i mam^^sl wv^ <^\^NXv^\s\ ^<Q«h \ there- 



THE ARK OP THE COVENANT. 



203 



foro we have the strongest proof of in- 
camate deitj, yet the Jews believed it 
not O my aoni, dost thou believe? 
and if )>elieviiig the fact, art thoa 



experiencing this blessed Christ to be 
thy spiritual life within, and the life of 
thy salvation ? 



THE ARK OF THE COVENANT. 

BT THB B£V. JOHN BBOWK, A.M. 



" Thb ark of the covenant," of which 
the apostle speaks, Heb. iz. 4, was a kind 
of cheet, made of shittim wood, covered 
with gold on all sides, and ornamented on 
the top, with a golden crown or cornice. 
"The mercy-seat," which formed the 
lid or cover of the ark was made of pure 
gold. At the two extremities of it, 
were placed "the cherubim of glory," 
with their faces turned towards each 
other, and gently bending downwards, 
as if looking on "the mercy-seat;" 
whilst their wings, which "over- 
shadowed " it, were stretched out so as 
to come into contact, thus forming, as 
it were, the throne of the Qod of Israel, 
who manifested himself from thence to 
his ancient people in the Shckinah, or 
symbol of the divine presence, which 
dwelt between the cherubim. Ps. Ixxx. 
1. In the ark, the mercy-scat, and the 
cherubim, Christ, and the gospel dis- 
pensation were typified in several re- 
spects. 

I. The ark of the old covenant was a 
type of Christ who is the ark of the 
new covenant. Rev. xi. 19. In that 
sacred chest the law of everlasting 
obligation was deposited. Deut. x. 1 — 6. 
And as that holy law was deposited in 
the ark of the old covenant ; so that 
same law is within the heart of Christ, 
who is the ark of the new covenant. 
In strict accordance with this remark- 
able emblem, the Divine Redeemer is 
introduced in the Psalms, as addressing 
his Father in the following terms, "I 
delight to do thy will, my God : yea, 
thy law ifl within my heart. '' Pb, xl. 6. 



II. The mercy-seat was typical of 
Christ's propitiatory sacrifice. The 
mercy-seat, as we have seen, covered 
the holy chest, in which the tables of 
the law were lodged, and was exactly 
commensurate to that sacred repository. 
The first tables on which this law was 
written, with the finger of God, were 
broken (Ex. xxxii. 19), and this trans- 
action indicated the impossibility of a 
transgressor being justified by the 
works of the law. But Qod was pleased 
to renew these tables after they had 
been broken, and to accompany the 
renewal with a proclamation of mercy. 
Ex. xxxiv. 1 — 7. These new tables 
Were solemnly deposited in the ark of 
the covenant, and covered with the 
mercy-seat, which was afterwards 
sprinkled with blood by the high priest, 
in all his approaches to Qod. Lev. xvi. 
14, 15. The Holy Spirit thus signified 
the fulfilment of that law which had 
been Iroken, by the atoning blood and 
justifying righteousness of the Lord 
Jesus. Ho is " the propitiation for our 
sins." 1 John ii. 2. " W^hom God hath 
set forth to be a propitiation through 
faith in his blood, to declare his 
righteousness for the remission of sins 
that are past, through the forbearance 
of God." Rom. iii. 25. In both these 
passages there is an allusion to the 
mercy-seat. The word which wo have 
rendered propitiation in Rom. iii. 25, is 
the same as that in the Greek transla- 
tion of the Old Testament scriptures, 
which, when it refers to the cover of the 
ark, is always rendeied m^rcj-seat^^xA 



204 



THE ARK OF THE COVENANT. 



the word used in 1 John ii. 2, though 
different in the original, is of the same 
derivation. The Hebrew word which 
we have translated mercy-seat, signifies 
a covering, and is often rendered atone- 
ment; the Greek word means an ex- 
piatory sacrifice. Both these ideas are 
perhaps included in the passages which 
have just been quoted. As the mercy- 
seat covered the law which had been 
broken, so the obedience of Christ 
covers our transgressions; and as the 
mercy-seat was] sprinkled with blood, 
80 our sins are forgiven through the 
sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. 
III. The interest which the angels 
take in contemplating the mystery of 
redemption seems to have been typified 
by the posture of the cherubim, which 
were placed at the opposite ends of the 
ark, with their faces bending downwards, 
as if gazing on the ark and mercy- seat. 
There seems to be an allusion to this in 
1 Peter i. 12, where the apostle informs 
us that it was revealed unto the pro- 
phets of the former dispensation, that 
'' not unto themselves, but unto us they 
did minister the things," which are now 
proclaimed in the gospel — "which 
things," says he, 'Hhe angels desire to 
look into," or " which things the angels 
desire (frapasv^at) to bend down and 
contemplate." See Luke xxiv. 12, John 
XX. 5. 11. Thus as the cherubim seemed 
to bend down and gaze on the ark and 
the mercy-seat ; so the angels are repre- 
sented as bending down to contemplate 
the mystery of redeeming love. The 
angels announced the birth of the infant 
Redeemer to the shepherds in the plains 
of Bethlehem, and sang, " Glory to God 
in the highest (heavens), and on earth 
peace, good will towards men." Luke 
ii. 14. During the whole period of his 
humiliation, he was ''seen of angels," 
who beheld his condescension and love 
to man, with adoring wonder and joy. 
And if the birth of Jesus furnished them 
with matter for praise and gladness, 



much more did his resurrection and 
ascension. Then it was that they sang 
with rapture of the triumphs of the 
King of glory. Ps. IxviiL 17, 18. It ii 
in the work of Christ that the manifold 
wisdom of God is displayed, not only to 
man, but even to angels. Uence the 
mystery of redemption is said from the 
beginning of the world to have been 
hid 'in God, who created all things by 
Jesus Christ, to the intent that now 
unto the principalities and powers in 
heavenly places might be known by the 
church, (that is, by the redemption of 
the church) the manifold wisdom of 
God." Eph. iii. 9, 10. 

lY. The mercy-seat appears too to 
have been emblematical of " the throne 
of grace." It was from thence that 
God manifested himself to his ancient 
people, and held communion with the 
chosen tribes. " There I will meet with 
thee," says God to Moses, '' and I will 
commune with thee from above the 
mercy-seat." Ex. xxv. 22. So God now 
communes with New Testament worship- 
pers from the throne of the heavenly 
grace in the sanctuary above. The 
antitypical throne of God is in heaven. 
It is a throne of inflexible justice, 
having the eternal rule of righteousness 
underneath, as the law of everlasting 
obligation was placed under the throne 
of Israel's King in the ark. "Justice 
and judgment are the habitation of his 
throne," and hither . sinners dare not 
come. But it has been sprinkled with 
the reconciling blood of Jesus who ap- 
pears as a slain lamb in the midst of the 
throne. Rev. v. G, and has thus satisfied 
all the demands of offended justice. It 
has therefore become a throne of grace, 
and sinners are encouraged to come up 
even to Jehovah's seat, and order their 
cause before him, because he has filled 
their mouth with arguments. *' Seeing 
then that we have a Great High Priest, 
that is passed into the heavens, Jesus 
the Sou of God, lot us hold fast our pro- 



JUPKOJN S LOCATION 1^ BUKMAH. 



at ten days after the arrival of 
(. Judson and Newell, they were 
med to Calcutta, and an order 
(ad to them requiring them im- 
«ly to leave the country and 
to America. Nothing could be 
ital to their most dearly cherished 
than such a command. They 
ned for leave to reside in some 
Art of India, but were prohibited 
ettling in any part of the Compa- 
rritory or in any of its dependen- 
rhey then asked leave to go to the 
France. This was granted ; and 
d Mrs. Newell embarked for Port 
about the 1st of August. The 
could, however, carry but two 
f;er8 ; and Mr. and Mrs. Judson 
r. Rice who was ordained at the 
ime as Mr. Judson, and had also 
) a baptist, were obliged to re- 
ehind. 

sy had resided in Calcutta about 
inths, waiting for a passage, when 
3ceived a peremptory order to 
I to England in one of the Corn- 
ships. A petty officer accom- 



He replied that he* would be neutral ; 
there was his ship, and they might do 
as they pleased. 

" They succeeded in getting on board 
the ship without being discovered, and 
the vessel sailed. After they had pro- 
ceeded down the river for two days, 
they were overtaken by a goverment 
despatch forbidding the pilot to go 
farther, as the vessel contained pas- 
sengers who had been ordered to 
England. 

*^ They were thus obliged to leave the 
ship. Every effort was made to procure 
a remission of the order, but in vain. 
An attempt to procure a passage to 
Ceylon failed. After spending several 
days in fruitless attempts to escape the 
necessity of proceeding to England, 
when every hope had failed, a letter 
was put into Mr. Judson*s hand con- 
taining a pass from the magistrate for 
a passage in the Creole, the~ vessel which 
they had left. To whose kindness they 
were indebted foi this favour they never 
ascertained. It was three days since 
the Creole had left them ; and there 



206 



JUDSOK'S LOCATION IN BURMAH. 



them manifeeied any interest in religion. 
On the 17th of January they arrived at 
Port Louis. They here met with a 
heavy affliction. Mrs. Newell, the in- 
timate friend and first miflsionary asso- 
ciate of Mrs. JudsoD, had finished her 
course on the 30th of the preceding 
November. This event affected the 
whole company very deeply, and taught 
them, more emphatically than their 
wandering loneliness, that here they had 
no continuing city. 

" Mr. Rice had already been severely 
attacked with disease of the liver, and 
his health had become quite precarious. 
The views of the baptists in America 
were unknown to the missionaries, 
and it seemed desirable that some 
direct intercourse might be commenced 
between the parties at present personally 
unknown to each other. It was pro- 
bable, moreover, that the labours of Mr. 
Bice might be eminently uaefvl in 
awakening a missionary spirit among 
the churches at home. With the hope 
of recovering his health, and at the 
same time accomplishing these objects, 
it was deemed wise for Mr. Rice to 
return to this country. He sailed 
March 15, 1813, for New York." 

Mr. Judson^s account of the events 
which ensued is contained in the fol- 
lowing extract from a letter written a 
few months afterwards : — 

^ A slight sketch of our movements, 
particularly at the time of our coming 
to Rangoon, I now submit. After a 
mournful separation from brother Rice, 
at the Isle of France, in March 1813, 
we remained there about two months, 
waiting for a passage to some of the 
eastern islands, not venturing at that 
time to think a mission to Burmah 
practicable. But there being no pro- 
spect of accomplishing our wishes 
directly, we concluded to take passage 
to Madras, and proceed thence as cir- 
cumstances should direct. We arrived 
there in June, and were immediately 



informed of the renewed hoetilitiei ef 
the Oompany*s government towards 
missionaries, exhibited in their treat- 
ment of the brethren both at Serampcnt 
and Bombay. We were, of course, it- 
ported to the police, and an account of 
our arrival forwarded to the supreme 
government in Bengal. It became^ 
therefore, a moral certainty that, as 
soon as an order could be received at 
Madras, we should be again arrested, 
and ordered to England. Our on^ 
safety appeared to consist in esc^nng 
from Madras before such order shoold 
arrive. It may easily be conceived with 
what feelings I inquired the destination 
of vessels in the Madras roads. I fooai 
none that would sail in season but one 
bound to Rangoon. A mission to 
Rangoon we had been accustomed ie 
regard with feelings of horror. Bui H 
was now brought to a point. We muat 
either venture there or be tent to 
Europe. All other paths were shut ap ; 
and thus situated, though dissuaded bj 
all our friends at Madras, we commended 
ourselves to the care of Qod, sad 
embarked the 22nd of June. It was a 
crazy old vessel. The captain was the 
only person on board that could speak 
our language, and we had no other 
apartment than what was made bj 
canvass. Our passage was very tedious. 
Mrs. Judson was taken dangerously ill, 
and continued so until, at one period, I 
came to experience the awful sensatioa 
which necessarily resulted from the 
expectation of an immediate separation 
from my beloved wife, the only remain* 
i ng com panion of my wanderings. About 
the same time, the captain being unaUe 
to make the Nicobar Island, where it 
was intended to take in a cargo of 
cocoa-nuts, we were driven into a 
dangerous strait, between the Little 
and Great Andamans, two savage coasts, 
where the captain had never been before, 
and where, if we had been cast ashorei 
vie B\io>]ld, a&Qot^i]a% ^ all aooounts, 



over the black rocks which we 
aet saw in the gulf below, and 
eastern side of the islands found 
ble winds, which gently wafted 
ard to Rangoon. But on arriving 
ber trials awaited us. 
had never before seen a place 
Saropean influence had not con- 
1 to smooth and soften the rough 
3 of uncultivated nature. The 
t of Rangoon, as we approached, 
ite disheartening. I went on 
just at night, to take a view of 
ce, and the mission-house ; but 
, and cheerless, and cmpromising 
things appear, that the evening 
day, after my return to the ship, 
re marked as the most gloomy 
stressing that we ever passed. 
I of rejoicing, as we ought to 
one, in having found a heathen 
rom which we were not im- 
sly driven away, such were our 
isaes that we felt we had no 
. left here below, and found con- 
1 only in looking beyond our 
lage, which we tried to flatter 
es would be short, to that peace- 



men the blessings of eternal life. This 
language must first be acquired and 
thoroughly mastered. He must leani 
it as perfectly as his vernacular tongue 
so that he might transfer into it, with 
exact accuracy, the lively ' oracles of 
God. The Burmans are a reading 
people. They have their religious books, 
and possess the teachings of Gautama 
in their own language. They demanded 
our scriptures, that they might read for 
themselves the doctrines which were 
delivered to them orally. Ilenoe it was 
evident that the bible must be placed 
in their hands as soon as the missionary 
was prepared to preach to them the 
unsearchable riches of Christ. 

" To the attainment of the language^ 
therefore, ^Ir. Judson at once addressed 
himself, combining with his studies, at 
as early a period as possible, the work 
of translation." The aids which he 
could command were meagre ; yet *' the 
attainments which he made were con- 
sidered in India to be of the very 
highest order." It was said that ''he 
wrote and spoke it with the familiarity 
of a native, and the elegance of a cul- 



208 



JUDSON'S LOCATION IN BURMAH. 



that is worthy of distinct remark. He 
had a natural facility for the acquisition 
of languages, and great fondness for 
linguistic researches ; yet he acquired 
no language of the east, except the 
Burman. He was strongly attached to 
physical science, and his researches in 
this direction might have acquired for 
him great reputation, and, as many good 
men might believe, would have given to 
the mission a desirable standing with 
scientific men ; yet he never published 
line on these subjects, and he even 
discouraged a taste for such pursuits 
among his missionary brethren. He* 
had become fully aware of the tempta- 
tions to which missionaries are exposed 
when the treasures of a now language 
and of a peculiar form of literature arc 
presented before them, and he there- 
fore guarded himself with peculiar 
strictness. At one time he had found 
the literature of Burmah exceedingly 
fascinating, especially its poetry ; and 
he had sundry pleasant visions of enrich- 
ing the world of English literature from 
its curious stores. He, for a moment, 
flattered himself that, by interesting 
the Christian world in Burmah through 
her literature, he should open the flood- 
gates of sympathy so as to bring about 
her emancipation from pagan thraldom. 
But the dream was soon dispelled. He 
saw that such an appropriation of his 
time would lead him aside from the 
peculiar work to which God had called 
him ; and, though perfectly familiar 
with more than a hundred Burman 
tales, and able to repeat Burman 
poetry by the hour, he never committed 
a line to paper. He was fond of search- 
mg into doubtful histories and mousing 
*^oag half-fabulous antiquities, and 
Burmah presented an alluring field for 
this sort of research ; yet he not only 
i^wted his own natural tendencies, but 
T* ^^^^ ^ever to excite in the minds 
or others an interest in things of this 
'^ He admitted nothing into the 



library of native books (paim-leaf boob 
selected by himself, but the property ej 
the mission) which would cultivate i 
taste for these comparatively trivial 
things. He was revered and caressed 
by the best society in India, yet he r»* 
ligiously kept aloof from it ; and not ill 
the representations of his friends could 
induce him to turn from his work to 
relieve the spiritual wants of EngUali- 
men, or preach before an English con- 
gregation.*' 

''The following anecdote will pitoe 
in a clear light Dr. Judaon's views on 
this subject. Not long before his death, 
a gentleman of Calcutta, a member of a 
literary society in that city, proposed 
that Mrs. Judson should translate tbe 
life of Qautama into English, to be pub- 
lished by the society. Dr. Judson 
replied, that as Mrs. Judson*s health 
was sufii^ring from too severe study, he 
was not sure that a light work of this 
nature would be objectionable. As the 
proposal was intended to be, and it 
really was, both kind and complimentaiji 
the gentleman seemed disconcertedi 
until Mrs. Judson remarked, that her 
husband considered many things per- 
fectly proper, and even desirable, on the 
part of others, ' objectionable ' in a mis- 
sionary. In fact, Mr. Judson disap- 
proved of missionary contributions made 
either to literature or science, even as i 
recreation ; for he insisted that thej 
could not be made with safety, and thai 
nothing reliable could be accomplished 
without a draught on those energies 
which should be devoted to higher 
objects. Illustrations of the truth of 
his views he found in the history of 
some modem missions. He believed in 
general that the ministry is from its 
nature a self-denying employment He 
who expects to indulge in worldly 
amusement, or spend his time in culti- 
vating literary tastes or secular science, 
had better seek some other profession* 
Tbia IB %^^<^V^ true of a miasionaxy* 



b^V%A«»A^«,# VAA%«W 



before I entered on the work. 
European or American to acquire 
7 Oriental language, root and 
and make it his own, is quite a 
t thing from his acquiring a 
language of the West, or any 
dead languages, as they aie 
in the schools. One circum- 
tnay serve to illustrate this. I 
d occasion to devote about two 
to the study of the French. I 
w been above two years engaged 
Burman ; but if I were to choose 
I a Burman and French book to 
lined in, without previous study, 
i, without the least hesitation, 
ihe French. When we take up 
m language, the similarity in 
racters, in very many terms, in 
lodes of expression, and in the 
structure of sentences, its being 
print (a circumstance we hardly 
Q and the assistance of gram- 
dictionaries, and instructors, 
the work comparatively easy, 
en we take up a language spoken 



that it would not be my lot to have to 
go on alone, without any guide in an 
unexplored path, especially as mission- 
aries had been here before. But Mr, 
Chater had left the country, and Mr. 
Carey was with me but very little 
before he left the mission and the mis- 
sionary work altogether. 

" I long to write something more in- 
teresting and encouraging to the friends 
of the mission ; but it must not yet be 
expected. It unavoidably takes several 
years to acquire such a language, in 
order to converse and write intelligibly 
on the great truths of the gospel. Dr. 
Carey once told me, that after he had 
been some years in Bengal, and thought 
he was doing very well in conversing 
and preaching to the natives, they (as 
he was afterwards convinced) knew not 
what he was about. A young missionary 
who expects to pick up the language in 
a year or two will probably find that he 
has not counted the cost. If he should 
be so fortunate as to find a good inter- 
preter, he may be useful by that means. 



210 



WHAT TO DO WITH A THREATENING LETTER. 



When Nineveh was in its glory, a 
successful wariior who sat upon the 
throne determined to subjugate the 
small independent kingdoms which lay 
oetween his own dominions and those 
of the Egyptian monarch. Sending an 
army under the command of his cup- 
t>earer to invade Judea, over which the 
pious Hezekiah was reigning, he spread 
desolation throughout the provinces and 
alarm in the capital. Before there was 
time to do more, intelligence which 
showed that his forces were required 
elsewhere caused him to retire suddenly. 
The Assyrian conqueror, suspending his 
operations, but desiring to perpetuate 
the terror which he had excited, sent to 
Hezekiah a threatening letter. He 
boasted of his ancestral greatness, re- 
counted his victories, and defied any 
power, human or divine, to defend the 
Jewish sovereign from the overwhelm- 
ing forces which would soon arrive, 
iiozekiah received the insulting epistle 
and read it. He knew the truth of the 
Assyrian allegations. He knew that he 
had to do with an enemy whom no 



treaties could bind, from whose forbear- 
ance there was nothing to hope, and 
against whom his allies could afford him 
no effective help. What course did 
Hezekiah take? What measure did 
he adopt as the most appropriate to the 
crisis? '^Hezekiah received the letter 
of the hand of the messengers,"' we are 
told, " and read it, and Hezekiah went 
up into the house of the Lord, and 
spread it before the Lord."* There 
was one house, in those day8,~which the 
Mo: t High had chosen as the house of 
prayer — one place towards which he 
had represented his eyes as open ^ night 
and day." Thither Hezekiah hastened, 
taking with him the letter, '* and spread 
it before the Lord." How expresare 
the action ! How easily imitated ! 
Wo have to do with a Father who seeth 
in secret, and there is a place where we 
arc encouraged to believe that he will 
meet us. "Enter into thy closet, and 
when thou hast shut thy door, pray to 
thy Father which is in secret : and thy 
Father who seeth in secret shall reward 
thee openly." 



" The Assyrian came down, like the wolf on the fold, 
And his cohorts were gleaming in purple and gold. 
Like the leaves on the forest when summer is green. 
That host with their banners, at sunset were seen ; 
Like the leaves of the forest when autumn hath blown, 
That host on the morrow lay withered and strown : — 
For the angel of death spread his wings on the blast, 
And breathed in the i&ce of the foo as he passed ; 
And the might of the gentile untouched by the sword. 
Hath melted like snow in the glance of the Lord." 



TRANSFERRED WORDS IN THE COMMON ENGLISH TESTAMENT. 

KO. XVI. — ENDUE. 

Is a single instance the Greek word j it is rendered, will sufficiently illustrate 

its meaning. 

Matt yi. 25 Nor yet for your body wb»< 

ye th'iii put on. 



lRvS6kt [Enduo] is transferred into our 
common version. A list of the passages 
, in which it occurs in the New Testament, 
bowing also the yarfous ways in which \ 



* ^¥.\»VX\x.\V- 



THE SXA^PLE. 



ail 



....A man which had not on a 
wedding garment. 

....And put his own raiment on 
him, and led bim awaj. 

....John wag clothed with camel'a 
hair, and with a girdle. 

....And not put on two coats. 

....And they clothed bim with 
purple, and platted. 

....And put hu own clothes on 
him, and led him oat. 

....Neither for the body what 
ye shall put on, 

....Bring forth the beat robe and 
put it on him, 

....Until ye be endued with 
power from on high. 

....Herod, arrayed in royal ap- 
parel, tat npon. 

And let us put on the armour 

of light. 

Fut ye on the Lord Jeaoa 

Christ, and make not. 

For this corruptible must 

put on incorruption, this 
mortal must put on im- 
mortality. 

shall Unreput on incorruption, 

shall bave/wf on immortality. 



2 Cor. T. 3. If so be that being clothed we 

shall not be found naked. 

Gal. iii. 27 baptised into Christ have 

put on Christ. 

Ephes. ir. 24 and that ye put on the new 

man. 

vi. 11 .put on the whole annonr of 

God, that ye may. 

14 and having on the Invast- 

plate of righteousness. 

Coloss. iii. 10. andhare/wtonthenewmaQ. 

12. .put on therefore as the elect 

of God bowels of merdea. 

1 These ▼. 8 putting on the bretit-plate of 

faith and loTa. 

Bey. i. 13 clothed with a garment down 

to the foot. 

XT. 6 c2o£Ae(/m pure andwhite linen. 

xix. 14 clothed in fine linen, white 

and clean. 

To ti/idue then is to inyest, as with a 
garment. Dr. George Campbell accord- 
ingly renders the passage in which the 
word is transferred in the common 
version, "Continue ye in the city of 

I Jerusalem, until ye be invested with 

I power from above." 



THE EXAMPLE. 



IS and teachers arc apt 

ad give many admonitions 

; ; but I think if they would 

cbibit Jesus in his majesty 

humiliation, in his earnest- 

hi3 love ; if they would 

in his deep condescension, 

and his self-renunciation, 

not certainly be found a 

I rebuke, and it would have 

)re impressive effect than 

i admonitions. The ditfer- 

same as that in the fable, 

is a contest between the 

J storm, as to which should 

;hc traveller to give up his 

'hen the storm came he 

jment eagerly, and wrapped 

]e}y about him ; bat before 



the mild sunbeams he allowed it to fall 
from him. There is for me no more 
powerful sermon on repentance than 
when Jesus is exhibited before me. 
When I see how in all things he sought 
not his own glory, but that of his 
heavenly Father, how am I ashamed of 
my ambition ; when I see how he came 
not to be ministered unto but to minis- 
ter, how am I ashamed of my pride; 
when I see how he took the cup which 
his Father gave him, and drank it, how 
am I ashamed of my disobedience; 
when I see how he bore the contradiction 
of sinners against himself, and when he 
was reviled, reviled not again, how am 
I ashamed of my impatience and my 
passion ; and, in short, notbm^ Vaa ^ 
subduing and hunuliaivQ]^ nu 'vDSL^<e^\iSA 



Hi 



REVIEWS. 



Notes on the Parables of our Lord. By 
Richard Chenevix Trench, B.D. 
Vicar cf lichen Stoke, Hants; Professor 
of Dioinily, Kings College^ London ; and 
Examining Chaplain to the Iml lH$kop 
qf Oxford, F{fth Edition, revised. Ix)ndon: 
Parker and Son. Oro. Pp. 623. Price 

128. 

The attention of our readers was 
called, a short time ago, to two small 
but very interesting works by Mr. 
Trench, namely, one upon "Popular 
Proverbs," and the other upon the 
"Derivation of Words." The volume 
named at the head of this article is, as 
the title indicates, upon a strictly 
theological theme. We have perused it 
carefully, and can confidently say that 
the work will prove a rich treat, and a 
source of much suggestive instruction 
to all those who take a devout and 
studious interest in the most beautiful 
of his discourses who spake as "never 
man spake." Mr. Trench possesses the 
three requisite qualifications for the pro- 
duction of a good and an abidingly use- 
ful work upon the parables of the great 
Teacher : — 

First, he evidently possesses an 
earnest, a poetical, and pious mind. 
He is thus prepared to receive with 
meekness, with mental and spiritual 
sympathy, those important lessons of 
doctrine and duty which the parables of 
Christ convey, and convey in the most 
pleasing, and often times in the most 
exquisitely poetical, forms. 

Secondly, Mr. Trench is evidently a 
first-rate classical scholar; and hence 
has l)cen able to enrich his pages^ with- 
out the least pedantry, with critical and 
exogetical observations of a very inter- 
esting and valuable kind. 

Thirdly, he is evidently familiar with j 
commentmea, and has collected into 



his foot notes a mass of valuable matter 
from interpreters of all ages and evoy 
section of the church. We have hen 
Apostolic Fathers ; Ohrysostom and Au- 
gustine; Bt Bernard [and Th<HDaf 
Aquinas ; Luther, Oalvin, ind Qrotiu; 
Greek, Latin, Wngliiih, and Germaa 
commentator! telling 119 in cihoioeit 
language their maturest thought! upon 
the structure and anlyaot nuMer of tiie 
parables of Christ. Ifanjof our resden 
have amused and instructed themsdiw 
by an attentive penual of the notes of 
some standard work of great ftaeuA 
and labour, — for exainple» ** Gibbon's Iso- 
cline and Fall of the Roman Empire ;" 
they do not regret, we are mire, the time 
spent upon the task, and we can pro- 
mise them a similar treat from the 
volume before us, unalloyed, moreover, 
by the melancholy emotions sometimes 
excited by traces of irreligion and de- 
fective morality which disfignre that 
otherwise fascinating and noble work. 

Our readers may judge of Mr. Trenches 
style by the following extract from the 
very interesting and TaluaUe obser- 
vations contained in the preliminary 
chapters. 

"The parables, fair in their outward 
form, are yet fairer within, apples of 
gold in network of silver ; each one of 
them like a casket, itself of exquisite 
workmanship, but in whidi Jewels yet 
richer than itself are laid up ; or, as 
fruit which, however lovely to look 
upon, is yet more delectable still in its 
inner sweetness. To find, then, the 
golden key for this casket, at the touch 
of which it shall reveal its traMores ; 
so to open this fruit, that nq^hing of its 
inner kernel shall be missed or lost, has 
naturally been regarded ever as a matter 
of high concern. And in this, the 
interpretation of the parable^ a salgect 



AAA^WW X/ 



ff^ 



VAA^ ^«t «t«^^ • 



) tho0e who seek to find only 
;enenl correspondence between 
tnd the thing signified ; while 

on the other hand, those who 
inning out the interpretation 
ninutest detail ; with others of 
locnpying OTery intermediate 
ween those extremes. Some 
e ftur in saying, This is merely 
and ornament, and not the 
f essentiai truth ; this was in- 
either to give lireliness and a 
lir of Terisimilitude to the 
, or as actually necessary to 
\ story, which is the vehicle of 
h, a consistent whole, since 

this consistency the hearer 
.ve been perplexed or ofiTcnded ; 
ogether and connect the diifcr- 
s, just as in the most splendid 
ere must be passages, not for 
n sake, but to lead from one 

the other. They have used 
i illustration of the knife which 
1 edge ; of the harp, which is 
trings ; they have urged that 

the knife which does not cut, 
prime necessity, — ^much in the 



ing it, when either it does not result 
without forcing, or when we can dearly 
show that this or that circumstance 
was merely added for the sake of giving 
intuitiveness to the narrative. We 
should not assume anything to be non- 
essential, except when by holding it fast 
as essential the unity of the whole is 
marred and troubled.' " * 

The volume contains many interest- 
ing philological remarks, of which the 
following are fair examples. 

" Xayyrivfi (not as some derive it, from 
hu) tZyctv, but from ffaTT(OjOnero)Ahauling 
net, as distinguished from the afif^ipKti- 
<rrpov, a casting net (Matt. iv. 18) ; in 
Latin, tragum, tragula, verriculum. It 
was of immense length ; on the coast of 
Cornwall, where it is now used, and 
bears the same name, seine or aean^ a cor- 
ruption of the Qreek, which has come to 
us through the Vulgate and the Anglo- 
Saxon, it is sometimes half a mile in 
length, and scarcely could have been 
much smaller among the ancients, sinoe 
it is spoken of as nearly taking In the 
compass of an entire bay {vaeta aagena^ 



m. 1$ r\~t. „* *l.l> 



^Mm.^ iV« T».»l-k .1^.^._ Jl- 



216 



THE PARABLES OF OUR LORD. 



.Vanilius.) It b leaded below, that it 
may sweep the bottom of the sea, and 
supported with corks above, and having 
been carried out so as to enclose a large 
space of sea, the ends are then brought 
together, and it is drawn up upon the 
beach with all that it*contains. Cicero 
calls Yerres, with a play upon his name, 
EVSBRicuLVM in provindd, in that he 
swept all before him ; and in the Greek 
fathers we have Oavdrov trayrivtiy Kara- 
Kkvafiov cayyvri (see Suicer^B Thes., s. v.) ; 
in each case with allusion to the all- 
embracing nature of the net ; which 
allowed no escape. See Hab. i. 15 — 17> 
LXX., where[,the mighty reach of the 
Chaldean conquests is set [forth under 
this image, and by this word. In this 
view of it, as an dtrkpavrov IUtvov 
'Arifc, how grand is the comparison 
in Homer {Odyss., 22, 384) of the 
slaughtered suitors, whom Ulysses 
saw: — 

KoXKov kg atyiaXbv ttoXit^c iKTOffOt $a\d<r- 

iiKTvtp l%ipv<rav noXvotinf' o\ fi rt vavTiQ, 
KvfiaO' hXbc iroOfOvrtQf liri yj/afiAOoKn 
KtxvvTai. 

" There are curious notices in Herodo- 
tus (iii. 149 ; vi. 81.) of the manner in 
which the Persians swept away the con- 
quered population of the Qreek islands ; 
a chain of men, holding hand in hand, 
and stretching across the whole island, 
advanced over its whole length, thus 
taking as it were, the entire population 
in a draw-net ; and to this process the 
technical name trayriviveiv was applied. 
Of. Plato's Menextnus (p. 42, Stalbaum^s 
ed.) where the process is described : De 
Legg, p. 698; and Plutarch, De JSoUrt. 
Animal,, c. 26. There is a good account 
of the <TayT/vi|, in the Diet, of Or. and 
llom. Ant., s. v. Retc, p. 823." 
I We have only space for another ex- 
tract It is from the author's beautiful 
remarks upon the parable of the good 



Samaritan. It is a £uc specimen of the 
general subject matter of the bodk, 
which is often lively though never 
frivolous ; learned without being pedan- 
tic ; and cannot but prove very soggestiTe 
and stimulating to all who wish to form 
a proper estimate of the parables of 
the Lord. '* ' But a certain Saiiyariian,^ 
he journeyed^ came where he vxu.^ Thii 
man might have found the same excaaei 
for hurrying on as those who went 
before him had done, for no doubt they 
did make excuses to themselves, tiief 
did, in some way or other, justify their 
neglect to their own consciences; as 
perhaps they said there was danger, 
where one outrage had happened, of 
another happening, — that the robben 
could not be far distant and might re- 
turn at any moment, — or that the suf- 
ferer was beyond the help of man, or 
that he who was found near him might 
himself be accused of having been hii 
murderer. The Samaritan was exposed 
to at least the same danger in all theee 
respects, as those that had passed before 
him, but he took not counsel of these 
selfish fears, for when he saw the 
wounded and bleeding man, ^he had 
compassion on him* While the priest 
and Levite, marked out as those who 
should have been foremost in showing 
pity and exercising mercy, were forget- 
ful of the commonest duties of huma- 
nity, it was left to the excommunicated 
Samaritan, whose very name was a bye- 
word of contempt among the Jews, and 
synonymous with heretic (John viii. 
48), to show what love was ; and this, 
not as was required of them, to a fellow 
countryman, but to one of an alien and 
hostile race, one of a people which had 
no dealings with his people, that had 
anathematized them ; even as, no doubt, 
all the influence with which he had 
been surrounded from his youth, would 
have led him, as far as he had yielded 
to them to repay insult with insult, hate 
vf\l\i\wt\«,'WTOTi^m\.Vv'?(ton^^. For if the 



THE PARABLES OF OUR LORD. 



217 



d the Samaritan a Guthite — a 

of the lions (2 Kings xvii. 25), 
er who worshipped the image of 
nd cursed him puhliclj in the 
e, and prayed that he might 
portion in the resurrection of 
prochdmcd that his testimony 
;ht, and might not he received, 
rho entertained a Samaritan in 
e was laying up judgments for 
ren, that to eat a morsel of his 

as eating swine flesh, and in 
would rather suffer any need 
[)cholden to him in the smallest 
charity ; if he set it as an ohject 

that he might never so much 
Cuthite ; the Samaritan was not 
lumd in cursing, nor yet in 
smonstrations of enmity and ill- 
e are not without evidences of 
le gospels (John iv. ; Luke ix. 

from other sources more exam- 
their spite may he gathered, 
or instance, the Jews were in 
it of communicating the exact 
;he Easter moon to those of the 
tan captivity hy fires kindled 
;he Mount of Olives, which were 
cen up from mountain top to 
n top ; a line of fiery telegraphs 
reached at length along the 
n ridge of Auranitis, the Sama- 
ould give the signal on the day 
ig the right one, and so perplex 
lead." 

)llowing note upon the origin of 
laritans involves a theory upon 
ect which will he new to many 
3aders. 

Lord calls the Samaritan a 
• (aWoyfvrtg, Luke xvii. 18), one 
erent stock. It is very curious 
3 notion of the Samaritans, as 
mingled people composed of two 
s, one heathen and one Isracli- 
ould of late universally have 

m 

ay not merely into popular, but 
imed hooks ; so that they are 
x/ken of as, in a great measure, 



the later representatives of the ten 
tribes. Christian antiquity knew no- 
thing of this view of their origin, but 
saw in them a people of unmingled hea- 
then blood (see testimonies in Suioer*B 
TTies., 8. y. Sa/iapfcrifc, to which 
may be added Theophylact on Luke 
xvii. 15, *A9ffCpoi ydp o\ Sa^apciroi ;) 
and the scri{)ture itself affords no 
countenance whatever for this view, bat 
much that makes against it. . . When 
our Lord, at the first sending out of his 
apostles, said, ' Into any city of the 
Samaritans enter ye not,* (Matt x. 5), 
he was not, as some tell i:^ yielding to 
popular prejudice, but gave the prohi- 
bition because, till the gospel had been 
first offered to the Jews, 'to the lost 
sheep of the house of Israel/ they had 
no more claim to it than any other gen- 
tiles, being as much cUXoyivftc (Jose- 
phus calls them AkkotOvtif) as any other 
heathen. What is singular is, that the 
mistake is altogether of recent origin ; 
the expositors of two hundred years are 
are quite clear of it. Hammond speaks of 
the Samaritan in one parable, as ''being 
of an Assyrian extraction ;" and Maldo- 
natus, S'lmaritam origine ChalcUei erant 

Robinson says {Biblical Be- 

searches) J 'The physiognomy of those 
we saw was not Jewish.'" 

We have noticed what appear to us 
to bo a few blemishes in the work. Mr. 
Trench is evidently a believer in bap- 
tismal regeneration ; he has more reve- 
rence than we possess for the teachings 
of the so-called "fathers of the 
church ;" and is no friend to the differ- 
ent sections of the protestant church — 
the church of England not being a 9ect 
of course ! But justice compels us to 
add that his peculiar views are not 
brought prominently forward, and when 
stated are put forth in the mildest and 
most tolerant mode. The work is a 
most valuable contribution to biblical 
lore, and may the gifted valYioiYkN^ Va 
write many such. 'B.. 



S18 



POPSRT AND PROTSSTANTIBM. 



Th§ MpMterp UnveiUd; or Poperp at Um 
Dogmut and Pretenshnt appear in th9 
tight (^ ReaBon, the Bible, and Hietefy* 
By the Bev» Jamis Bell, one rf the 
Minittert of Haddington, Ediubuigh: 
Paton and Ritchie. London: HamiltoOi 
Adams, and Co. 1854. Pp. ri. 603. 

Protettant Prineiplet: or the Ultimate 
Appeal in Religioue Controvereg. A 
Lecture, hg the Rev. N. HATomorr, A.M. 
Miniater ^ Broadmead Chapel, Brietol, 
London I Jamei Nisbet and Co. 1864. 
Pp. 42. 



No sabject has been more prominentlj 
brought before the British public during 
the last three or four years than Poperj. 
The bold attempt of Pius in 1850 to 
establish it on a firmer footing than 
heretofore in this country has quickened 
the present generation to a sense of its 
true, immutable character. The results 
of that step were widely different from 
the pope*s anticipations. Deceited by 
the defection of a few Puseyite clergy- 
men — the increasing emigration 'firom 
Ireland — the incorrect representations 
of the Romish priests in England, and 
prompted by his own ambition; he 
parcelled out ihe nation into regular 
sees — restored the hierarchy of ordinary 
bishops ; and creating Dr. Wiseman 
a * cardinal set him at their head. 
The dtfdinal was proud of his new 
dignity, and some of his earlier dis- 
plays of it will not soon be forgotten. 
It was thought by many of the Romish 
clergy themselves that the ostenta- 
tious manner in which he paraded his 
honours was most unwise and detri- 
mentid to the interesls of their church 
in this OoUntry. We believe that by 
this time the pope has regretted his 
own conduct and that of Dr. Wiseman ; 
and we are not sure that the withdraw- 
Inent of the cardinal fh>m England may 
not be regarded as proof of this opinion. 
It cannot bo denied that during the 
twehty years which intervened between 



the passing of the Catiiolio Emandpa- 
tion Act and the appointment of ths 
bishops and cardinal, English pro- 
testants had fidlen into great inertnesi. 
They seemed ignorant of the'movemenis 
which Rome was making around then. 
Devoted to commercial pursuit«--eaniMt 
in promoting political and sodal reforM 
— seeking to dear away the obstmotioH 
which impeded the progress of reUgiods 
liberty — and ftill of schemes ibr ths 
amelioration of mankind ; they appeared 
practically to ignore the fact that popety 
still had a home in our land, and that 
every year she was enlarging her bordoi 
and augmenting her influence 'jud 
power. 

All this time she was quietly, assi- 
duously, successfully establishing bsr 
missions — erecting her chapels — In* 
creasing her agents — ^multiplying bff 
publications— distributing her charitiss 
— insinuating herself into the gOod 
opinions of the ignorant — and winning 
many over to her ranks. We oodd 
point to some places where during those 
twenty years she doubled her numben, 
and to others where in 1829 she had no 
chapd — no priest — no service of an| 
kind whatever— not half-a-dozett mem^ 
bers; but where now she has degani 
chapels, stationed priests, regular ser 
vices, and crowded congregations. li 
may be said, this must not be oonddere^ 
a bona fide increase ; it has resulted 
from that rapid and great additioi 
which is being made to the populatioi 
of our large towns by Irish poof. W< 
admit that this cause 'partly account 
for the fact ; but it does not account fo 
the \thdt. In some of the places t< 
which we have referred there are n< 
manufactories, and the addition of Iris) 
population has been comparatively small 
We have had an opportunity of witness 
ing in one of the strongholds of poper 
in England the method of her endeavour 
and success. Beyond what may bo re 



POPERY AND PROTESTANTISM. 



ai9 



-the most unworthy and siniBter. 
bing the poor — by* inteiferhig 
le social and domestie relatione — 
imoting intermarriages between 
and protestants-^by blandness 
ii would not do to threaten— *and 
where smiles would be thrown 
she resdutdy and perseveringly 

her oause. Too sucoeesfuUy 
beee methods been used. In 1829 
rere in this country 394 Romish 
3; in 1850 there were 574: last 
ley reported 616. 
lowever, during the twenty years 
ch we have referred, protestants 
;oo supine; it is manifest that 
lists had grown too self-confident, 
lowed on all hands that in 1850 
^Tershot the mark. Their great 
kiiity the9, awakened protestants 
odsideration of the real case ; and 
litalioQ which was excited is not 
soon to subside. Alliances and 
itiims have been formed, special 
OS to Roman catholics Bct on foot, 
s of lectures delivered, volumes 
imphlets without number written, 
umot exactly agree with all the 

expressions which have been 
though against popery itself no- 
too strong can be uttered) ; we 
t see the propriety of all the mea- 
which have been suggested for 
pression of this evil ; still we re- 
in the interest which has been 
d, and the good which must cer- 
be wrought. Let Romanists be 
rith strong arguments and kind 
— ^let the positive side of this con- 
sy be as fully shown as the nega- 
nd wo have no doubt or fear as to 
lorious issue. Truth is mighty, 
ittst prevail. 

h these views we hail the works 
titles appear at the head of this 
I. The former is a most valuable 
bution to protestantism by a 
h divine. For thoroughness of 
Iple it IB Bach a book fls Kaox 



might have writt^ ; for Ohrlstiaa cha- 
rity it is a model to controversialisti. 
It exhibits an intimate acquaintance 
with the great points in dispute — ^with 
the arguments employed by papists to 
sustain their views and pradices^-attd 
with the manner in'which from scrip*- 
ture, reason, history, thesej arguments 
are to be met. It sets forth by rete- 
enee to facta, cxtraots from polilii»l 
speeches, and the present state of Su^ 
rope, the injurious influence which 
popery is now 'exerting over the* civil 
and religious condition of all European 
states. It is written in a clear, bold, 
eloquent, effective style. Altogether it 
is a book we are glad to have on our 
shelves, and we strongly commend it to 
our readers as an additional weapon to 
their protestant armoury. 

The second publication, entitled, 
'' Protest^t Principles,** is an excellent 
lecture by the worthy minister of 
Broadmead chapel, Bristol It was 
deliverod without mj idea of its subse- 
quent publication; but many of the 
lecturer's friends, thinking it might be 
rendered useful, desired its appearance ; 
and the lecturer judged it his duty to 
comply with their request. We are 
glad that it wfCs so. In a lucid and ^ble 
manner he discusses the worthlessness 
of tradition, the value of the [written 
word, and the proper spirit and method 
of investigating that word. The lecture 
closes with the following eloquent p^o« 
ration : '' Let all evangelical protestants 
hold fast the truth, and exemplify it in 
their lives;' let them preach it in all 
simplicity and faithfulness, diffusing it 
with unwearied assiduity and undaunted 
seal ; let the gospel be raised to its pro*- 
per throne in the church of Christ, and 
in all our hearts ; the chara^tor of the 
world's history will soon be changed, 
and the triumph of Chriatianity will 
approach. The church, emimcipated 
from the corruptions and errota tha.t. 
have so long cxhaualclYiei ciifit^c»^vsA 



220 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



destrojed her freedom, shall appreciate 
the magnitude of her illustrious mission. 
Borne on the prayers, and sustained by 
the resources of her children, Christian- 
ity shaU go forth in majesty and glory, 
casting her magic spell over intellects 
and hearts, and enthralling in her 
mighty captivity of love the millions of 
our apostate race. And when the sab- 
bath of the world's history shall have 
arrived, when angels tune their harps 
for the final anthem, and earth, re-con- 



secrated the temple of tlie Tfigfcfft, 
shall celebrate the jubilee of her redemp- 
tion, the Christian church, purified from 
the corruptions of this world, and gather- 
ing into her bosom the multitude of her 
ransomed sons, shall enter upon thoss 
visions of glory which eternity ahaH 
consummate. The happiness of a regt- 
nerate earth] shaU merge into the sob- 
limer happiness of heaven, and Qod 
shaU be < all in all.' " 

W. 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



Serytture ETponiiotu, or DaiUf Me<Utations, 
Demgned for Family and CwMt Devotion; 
being Select Portion» from the Word of God 
for every Morning and Evtning throughout 
the Tear, By thf Rev. Samuel Wills, D.D. 
In Four Volumee. New York: M. W. 
Dodd. LondoQ : John Snow. 8to. Price 
18f. 

The anthor is on English baptist minister 
who has resided during the last six years in the 
United States. HaTing become pastor of a 
chnrch in New York, he was favoured there 
with acceptance and usefulness ; but the climate 
not suiting his constitution, he was disabled by 
disease of so serious a character as to require 
immediate return to his native land. His 
health has improyed, but the propriety of his 
attempting to five in America again is doabtful. 
In these four volumes are a short piece for 
every morning and one for every evening in the 
year, the average length of each being about 
two PAges. The subjects and the mode of treat- 
ing them are decidedly evangelical ; and bebg 
in general rather elementary than profound, they 
are well adapted to afford pleasure and profit to 
plain Christians. Many of them may be nsed 
with great advantage at prayer-meetings, and in 
other week-day evening services, when instruc- 
tive speakers are scarce or when a diversity of 
exercises is derired. As a specimen may give 
a more correct idea of the character of the 
work than mere description, we have given one 
in an earlier part of the present number. 

The Seven Churches of Asia ; an Exposition 
of the Epistles of Christ to the Seven Churches 
of Ana Minor ; with a succinct Historical 
and Geo^aphical Account of each place and 
churdi, lUustratina the Prophetic Announce^ 
ment concerning them. By the Rev, Samuel 
Wills, D.D. EnU>ellished with Engravings, 
New York: Dodd. London: Snow. 8vo. 
Pp. 868. Price 5s. 

A production of the tame author, similar in 
^p^'t, bat more elaborate in execution. The 



design is ** to interest Chriatiaiifl in the peranl 
of what Christ saith to the chordkes, mod psr- 
ticularly the young; hoping that, while uey 
may find features in it to engage their inquiriag 
minds with scripture history, they may also 
gain lsstin|^ pront, and, when laying down the 
book, expnence that the wocds of Christ htnt 
proved to be 'as goads, and us nails fastened hj 
masters of assemblies, which are given firom om 
shepherd.' " The course pursued by the au^Hr 
in reference to each churcn is uniform : firsts bt 
gives historical and geographical infermatioa 
respecting the place in which the persoas 
adaressed resided, referring to both its ancient 
and its modem condition; and then this if 
followed bv an exe^etical treatise on tht 
Saviour's Epistle. W ith the exnUcatorr por- 
tions are mingled practical remarks appheablt 
to the cases ofexisting churches. The tendencj 
is excellent thronchout. Dr. Wills reject! tlie 
supposition, which at one time was mote pre. 
valent than of late, that these letters were 
intended to describe the different sucoeediag 
states of the church of Christ, and savs, ** The 
churches are real, and their spiritual state is 
here really and literally pointed out.*' By the 
** angel " be understands ** the minister for the 
time being." " The angel of the church hn^" 
he says, "corresponds with the person and 
office of the officiating minister among the 
Jews, called the sheliach tsibbur, whose business 
in the synagogue was to read, pray, and teach." 
In the title page he has inadvertently counten- 
anced the mistake into which many fall of 
identifying Asia Minor with proconsular Asia. 
The seven churches were all situated in pro- 
consular Asia, which is generally intended 
when Asia is spoken of in the New Testament, 
and which was but one province of the laife 
tract of country called Asia Minor. 

Practiced Sermons: designed for vacant Con- 
gregations and Families, By the Rev. 
Albebt Barnes, Philadelphia, First 
English Edition, With Additional Sermons. 
EAxnbuTi^*. T. m.^ T. C\axk., London: 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



221 



Hnultoo, Aduns, and Co. 16mo. Pp. 443. 
Pricc4s.6d. 



M disoonnet are jast what they profets to 

\t, fkln, earnest, nractical Mrmone. Some of 

tkiB art ralnilatcil to aircit and impreM the 

neoBTcrtcd; and otheri, to make the Chriitian 

kA tha obl igat i o na to holinets and derotedoetfl 

ti God QD&r which he ie Uid by the gotpel. 

Thow on ''The Bnemiea of the Croat of 

Cbirt/' and •'The mle of Chrutianity in 

iqEud to Conformity to the World/^ are 

opcdally lennUe and good. They jostlv and 

Mcibly condemn the members of Christian 

di w chei^ who are lovers of gaiety and pleasure, 

vkoae delights are in the concert and ball room, 

aod whose amnsements and pursuits can scarcely 

be distingiuahcd from those of the ungodly 

wirld. Aia Tolume may be used with aoTan- 

tige by our brethren who supply our Tillage 

ititions hot who have not time for study. B. 

Lftmm$ ntggeaUd by the Death of Venerable 
Pattorg: a Sermon preached at Hanover 
Chapdy Peekham, on the Evening of the 
Fmneral of the Rev, Wittiam Bengo dolfyer, 
D.D^f LL.D., F,A.8., Monday, 16M 
Jamtanh 1854. By the Rev. John Mobuon, 
D.D., LL.D.« Mtnieter of Trevor Chapd, 
BmapAm. London: Ward and Co. 8to. 
Pp. ao. Price Is. 

CoBparatiTely few of our readers remember 

tke iniBanse popularity of Dr. CoUyer during 

the fist twenty years of his ministry ; but they 

wke do, and who were in a position to form a 

jist estimate of him will be delighted with this 

sftctionate and truthful discourse. Dr. CoUyer 

«ss a TtallT great man, though like other great 

own be had some weaknesses which were easily 

fiseeraible and unfairly magnified. His dis- 

peation, howerer, was remarkably amiable, and 

'the preacher has only done him justice in p^oint- 

ing out two particulars which distinguished 

Urn in his palmiest days : the first, tluit " he 

aever* shrank from a full announcement of the 

buDliing doctrines of the cross;" the other, 

that the poorest of his brethren might always 

approach nim, and depend on his readiness to 

reader them serrice. " I bear this solemn but 

dcHbeiate testimony," says Dr. Morison, *' that 

when princes of the blood treated Dr. CoUyer 

u if he had been an equal, and the father of 

oor beloTcd Queen embraced every opportunity 

of showing him favour, he was the most hurabte 

aad condocending popular man I ever came in 

contact with. It has been said that he was 

nio, and no doubt he had the elements of 

nnitT in him, as of all other human infirmity ; 

but this I wiU say^ that, had those who accused 

bim of this mean vice better understood his 

ctty and unsutpidous temperament, — how 

noch he confided in human beings, — and had 

tber been aware of the uniform coodesccnsion 

ud humility which marked his private cha* 

ncter, they would have resorted to another 

plulosophy in interpreting little matters, which 

exerted no malign influence upon his feUow 

creatures." 



Catea of Proteetant Peraecution on the Qm' 
tinent, undertaken at the^ instance of thg 
Executive Conunittee. for the Vind&caHon 
and Promotion of ReUgiout Liberty, recently 
Constituted by the Hamburg Conference, with 
a Selection of Documents, By the Rev, 
T. R. Brooke, B.A., Rector of Avenmg. 
And the Rev, Edwabd Steanb, D.D., one 
of the Honorary Secretaries of the Conference, 
To which are added the Minutes of the Horn- 
burg Conference, London : Partridge, Oakey, 
and Co. 8vo. Pp. 64. 

A thousand copies of this pamphlet have 
been kindly given for distribution among bap- 
tist ministers, each of whom may have one on 
appUcation at the Mission House tiU all are 
spent. We trust that our brethren wUl avail 
themselves of this privUege very generally ; and 
that thousands wiU procure the work through 
the bookseUers, in tne ordinary way of trade. 
It wUl be read with astonishment both by 
members of our own denomination and by 
others ; for very few weU informed people even 
have any notion of the extent to which baptists 
are enduring persecution on the continent of 
Europe. The gentlemen whose names are on 
the title-page appear to have performed their 
work faithfullyuind wisely, and their statements 
being the result of inquiiies made in the places 
referred to, ma^ be rened on with implicit con- 
fidence. Baptists in England may learn from 
this publication very important lessons, and 
not baptists alone but all who can be induced 
to reaa it, whether pious or profane. Some 
extracts from it wiU be found in our European 
Intelligence. 

Christmas at the ] Hall, the' Hero's Grave, 
yight Musings, and other Poems. ByT,J. 
Terhisctox, AiUhor of '* JFelton Dale,'' 
&I-C. London : Lonffman. Hull : J. W. 
Leng. 8vo. Pp. xui. 196. Cloth. Price 

The preface tells'us that ** the author of the 
present Tolnme has had for many years an 
intense and almost insuperable bias towards 
poetical composition;'* and that "this book 
waa mainly written, and is issued solely as an 
experiment, to sec how far criticism and pnbUc 



feeling may adiud^e the ajithor to possess poetic 

"lien, if pronerlv 
assiduously applied, miglit be capable of pro- 



talents, whicl 



properly cultivated and 



dncing works of a useful character and benendal 
tendency.** In such a case, it is a serious 
thing to pronounce judgment, lest on the one 
hand we should dishearten one whose services 
in this department might be valuable, or on the 
other hand should encourage a man to devote 
his life to the production of harmonious in^ 
anitics. We have wished therefore to transfer 
the cause to a higher tribunal, and have placed 
on paee 21 «3 one of the shorter pieces, as a speci- 
men, hoping that our readers may thence derive 
a just and satisfactory conclusion. 

The Protestant in Ireland: in 1853. London : 
Seeleys. 1854. l?mo. Pp. viii. 211. 



The writer, it appears, went to Ireland in 
' August, 1853, with a party whose choice of 
Protalant, Persecutions m Switzerland and j Ireland as tbe country they s\iou\d. tvkvX. viia 
Germamy, JU^is of an Inoesiiffation into j determined by **the convement aTTang«mtiil ol 



^OL. Xrtt. — FOURTH SERIES, 



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loomU' ticket!.'' The multi of bii own : 
atBemlioDi boimer, conitituto ft my nnmll 
put ot hii work, which coniuU chieflv at »- 
tncU, TbcM *ie Ukcn pripcipally fi 
A^rt) of tlu liiih Chsirh '"--'- 






Monthly TAfannitioa pnbluhed br tbe ume 
■odety, Ibc Bcporti of the Iiiib RetbrmitiDn 
Sodetjr, the Hci. L. 



iccfil 

Jonei'e New Re- This ii Jiut lb« book ftir a biith^y or atker 
Eoden'i Prognw prcMoL It li MpecJtUj tjipted to jaalb; 
aner of the Truth, bat will be mul Kith pleuDn and |mit I7 



A lUB £(lttr«i tcitk m laindaeliim 
Hev. Jamm Smilk. London : WiDiu 
udCo. IBM. ISmo. Pp. 39S. Price 



faimstioa in Inluid, Lord 

of the ReToroutioii, tbc Btoi 

•nd Dr. Dill'i MiMiiei of IreUnd. Ftom tbeee penoni of mi 

>ad kindred warcea the autbor uemi to here uodntlandiDi 

leTerj'go 

him reRKcting the intimacy of the bond of 

union which coonecli together tbr weal or WM ^ ^ 

the dailioiei of the liatet ielaudi, the bancfol tetiptarea, a iliort 

charactM of poptry, and the folly of Kippartini '- ■"■ ' 

Uaynooth, which, nerertheleai. be puKd 
through in the dark. Of the eiertioni of Cbri*- 
tiaoi not connected with the eetahliihedcharcb 
on behalf of Ireland, hcKeoiitoLnow very little j 
bat of the importance of each eiettioni he bai 
a well founded coaTiclion. " Oufbt we not to 
fear," he aiki, " leat Eogland henelf iboald be 



e yean. The eye aSecteA At 
uid the heart ; and here wciokta 
■ — '- "-■ 1 Tlrtdly aal 



from th^awel 
leecnptioB in vena, aad a 

._. ._ „ Jaa att on in »e«e. mataia* 

iag freoaratly an illutraliaa, lion Uiton er 
erary day lit* cf tb« troth npreoented. Wi 



kl, "leetEogl 

and degraded by meaoi of sohappy . Cerwi 
Inland, it thia neclecied eiitcr be not raiaed ' — ' 
and proteatanliiea and cTaonliied tkniu^ 

BnRlub iutramentility P> 

The SMiuhiaeafGriuitonn a Sleryfyr Girlt. 



Pp.36*. Price 5fi. 

Thia ia a limple pleaiing tale. II raTeale 

the atrunlingr after light and boline** of a 

mind jtwaLencd at acbDoV to the importance of 

TBligion. expo ' - ■• ■ 
iireiigioiia ha 



occiuonallT reminded of Qnatlea. It w 

iginally publii ■ ' " 

Oufbt we not to lale. 



It had, asd atill baa, as exteniin 



'em ThoiuliU: in Merali, Foliiici, RhealMi, 
aad Phihtofhif. Bu JogEFR Hue, .^wltsr 
afllu' Ome Htmdrtd Orifimal Jala fit 
ChiUrtn." London I AylottandCo. Hua. 

Pp.188. 

A B. j. MayT jfaiior ([f " loKu" ScAooi A ereat number of oracnlaraa^i)ta,iBa«y of 
Ifayt." London: Binna and Goodwin. Soiall ■ "bich ate tme and imporUntj bntwilatna 



it at length, by God'i bleei- 
ing on pccicTEruiK effort, brought into the 
li^y end peace of ■ child of God. It ahowa 

Chriaiian kiodnni in the orentaal conreniofl 
of the Tarioua memhcri of tlie family, and thna 
affbrdi a beautiful illnatration of the motlo, 

" A gM-t flnl datlM lie al tame." 
It cleTetly eipoaei the Iotc of eidttment and 
reliflioui aiaaigation preralent among profeaaing 
Cbnatiana. The tketch of " the Gouip Aiding 
Society " ia admirable, nnd luggeata an inquiry 
ai to the real worth of tbe rebgion of tboK oho 
figure at workiDg paitiei and baiaara, and are 
BTer ruuning af^cr aomc popnlar prcachFr. 
The nnhappy reinlla of auiclimoniouaneas, of 
the abaence of aympatby and iotereat in ifai 
baimleii plcuurci of nncoQTf rted brothera and 
liiten, and of tbe indulgpncc of apiritoal prida 
which repela them aaunwortby of conuderation 

power. It iiacapitil book for girla.iieleanlly 

Onr [uraiie, honoer, ia not quite unqualified. 
We object alTonglr to the pbariaaical Irrat- 
neot of young chudna ■hacaanol uudentsnd 
tbe claims of God on the »bhaib, nhich com- 
pel! them to liaten demurely to " Sunday 



fem/irt </ nomoi Oalmtri, D.D^ £<LB. 
By Ml Som-in-laic, Ihe flee. WiUJUl 
Hanka, LL.D. 5ecawf Qaarlttlf FarL 
Edinburgh: Conatabic and Co. bandant 
Uamiltan, Adami, and Co. ISM. 



7%e LandoM Quurtttlg BteioB. 



Empi 

11. Weiley and hia Critiee. 

III. Forbet'a MeDimndnmi h) Irelai^ 

IV. Cryptwamic Vegetation. 

V. Spirit Bappinga and Table Haringa. 
TI. Modem and MedieTal HjiFltiie. 
VII. SecuLriam : iu Logic and Appeali. 
VIII. Fnblic Education. 

IX. Utliiinnnlaniem : ill thrratcned Snpre- 
meCT in Europe. 

X. India under tbe Engliab. 
Brief Literary Nuticee. 

No.lL Deoembcr, 1S53. 



itoriea" about "Tery pood and piaui" people, I. Oriental tNecOTeiy; it* 

and carefully eicludei ever^' Bourcc of cIiilJiBh Heenll!. 



I from 



n Ihe Sundai 
implanting in tbe'ir . 
ioD cm icajcely iie 



irtory of ilfan. 

III. Tbe Biitinb and Forticn Bible Society. 

IV. Honkieh Uteiaitato. 



BRIEF NOTICES. 



223 



VI. Th« DokM and Caidinals of Guiec. 
VIL Alfurd't Greek Testament. 
VII [. Antobiograpby. 
.IX. Oar Australian Possessions. 
Brief Literary Notices. 



X0.III. March, 1854. 

CmUents, 

I. Thierach, aa a Theologian and a Critic. 
II. **ailrinncir- 

IIL Tbe£ife and Epiitlet of St. Paul. 
ly. Tlie Mormona. 

y. littioralogy : Its Progresa And Practical 

T L iieeent Dfaeoreriea in Palestine. 
VIL Jonctiui of the Atlantic and Pacifi6 



VUL Richard Watson. 
DL Modem Poetry: its Genius and Ten- 



X. The Past and Fature of America. 
Brief Literary Notices, 
ioadon: Partridge, Oakey, and Co. 8to. 
PHee 

Oir knoarledge of this new quarterly ia 
ieiiTcd aolely from these three numbers. Till 
^^ received them we were not aware of its 
cadsteoce, and we hare not learned from what 
iBfty or partiea they emanate. We have not 
lad tiwm long enough to ezamtno them 
ft^Wg hly, but h is erldent that the con* 
4wIbM are |nrotc8tants who hold eyangelical 
Mtiacnta; it b probable that they are of 
£ftrent denominations; and we conjecture 
Ihat they hare among them some able Wesleyan 
viilcn. There are several articles we should 
Ike to read; but we must now go to press, and 
ve are not willing to defer our notice of the 
work to another month. The titles of the 
Articles, which we have transcribed fully, will 
Mrttfe our readcn of the general character of 
the contents. 



BECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

flpprthelr. 

nciko«ld be nndarUood that laMrtioa in thk li<>tia not • 
An« saBoaaeramt : it ezprcun •pprob«tioa of the works 
fftaaMnted^— not of eoune extending to «tery particular, but 
■a approbation of tlieir fcneral character and tendency.] 

WbHaker's Edaeaiional Rogieter, 1854. Contaln- 
IH a li«t of the Universities in ttao United King. 
4o«, with yariouB particulars concerning them ; 
fte Colleges connected with the Church of Kngland, 
Ike Boataa Catholies, and rarions Dissenting Bo- 
Am ; together with a Complete List of the Founda- 
tioB aad Grammar Schools in England and Wales, 
vith an account of the iicbolarshipaand Exhibitions 
«taefaed to them, *e., &c., drc. Fourth Year of 
pabUcation. London .- Joteph WhUakcr, 41, Pall 
MvJL l©wo., pp. 247. 

Tbe Glasgow Infant School Magazine or Reposi* 
tcr^. Second Series. Bj D, Cauoiiib, Master of 
the laitlatory Department in the Glasgow Normal 
^*miu»rj. Sixth Thousand, with numerous Wood- 
Mta. london: Darton and , Co. 24mo., P2>' 3^1* 



containing OiHcial I^tunut of Education, iu 1818, 
1833, and 1834. Bv Edward Baynks, author of 
the History of the Cotton Manufacture. London s 
John Snoic. Bco., pp. 48. Price Qd. 

The Most Holy Trinity : The Doctrine Illustrated 
and ProTcU from the Scriptures. To which is 
annexed, Striking Testimonies from the Lives of 
Eminent Apostolic and Early Christian Fathen, 
and various Notable Primitive Heresies relating 
thereto, during the first four Centuries of the Chria- 
tian Church. By EeKNazaa Sopkr. London: £<e- 
teyt. Bra., pp. 64. 

The Ctotenary Services of Bristol Tabernacle, 
held November 25th, 1853. Containing a Sermon 
by the Rev. J. A. Jambb, and Addresses by the 
Revs. G. Smith, Henry Quick, J. Olanville, and Dr. 
Beaumont. London: Partridge, Oakty, cmd OG. 
lOiao., pp. 150. 

Leetures to Young Men. No. I. The Age; fts 
Advantages and Temptations. A Leotnre. deliveKd 
at Trevor Chapel, Brompton. By John Moaiaoir, 
D.D,, LL.D. London: Ward aiid Co. 19iM.,pik 
32. PrkeM. "^^ 



Lectures to Young Men. No. II. The Btble : Its 
Conflicts and Triumphs. A Lecture, delivered at 
Trevor Chapel, Brompton. By John MoRuaK, 
D.D., LL.D, London: Ward and Co. Kino., pp, 
32. Price Cd. 



Lectures to Young Men. No. III. The Ubbath : 
its Claims and Benefits. A Lecture, delivered at 
Trevor Chapel, Brompton. By Joun Moauoir, D.p , 
LL.D. London: Uard^and Co. IGiAO., pp. 32. 
Price Od. 

Lectures to Young Men. No. IV. The ^nday 
School : its Position and Prospects. A Leetare, 
delivered at Trevor Chapel, Brompton. By John 
MoRisoN, D.D., LL.D. London: Ward and Co. 
lOMiO., pp. 33. Price 6d. 

The National Debt : Should the Revenues of the 
Church be applied towards its Extinction ? Bv B. 
Baksr. Lortdvn: Jlouhton and {^oneman. Bro.t 
ip. 36. 

The British and Foreign Evangelical lleflew. 
No. VIII., March, 1854. Contents: I. Father Paul 
Sarpi. II. Modem Apologetics. III. Modem Ca- 
ricatures of Evangelical Religion. IV. Education 
in the High Schools of Germany. V. The Psalmody 
of the Reformation. VI The Englinh Liturgy and 
Litufglcal Hefomi. VII. The Census Returns on 
Religious Worship in England and Wales. VlII. 
Sir William Hamilton's " Discuseions "—His Reply 
to the British and Foreigii Evangelical Review. 
JX. Critical NoticcH. Edinburgh: Johnstone and 
Il'Mxiti', 8 ••o.,i)i>. 230. Price 3s. Od. 



Edutttion beat PromoUd by Perfect Freedom 



^ bf 8tMl9 Madowmentg, with an Appendix 



;/ 



The Eclectic Review. Mareh, 1854. Contents : 
I. Donjamin Disraeli : A Literanr and Politieal 
Biography. II. Theory of Human Food. III. Lord 
HoUand's Memoirs of the Whig Party. V. Sanitary 
Farming. VI. St. John's Search of BeautV. VII. 
Christianity and its Modem Assailants. VlII. Ihc 
Caucasus and the Country between the Enxlae and 
the Caspian. Brief Notices, Review of the Month, 
Literary Intelligence, Ac. Lv7idon: Wai-dand Co, 
8vo. Price Is. 9d. 

The Christian Treasury: Containing ConttlbTiUotva 
Arom Ministers and Members 0! \ar\oxia V.v«xv%«\\ca\ 
Denominations. March, 1854. £diifibur\]K: JoKiv- 
itomami HunUr. 8ro., pp. 4Q. PTic< 5<.l. 



INTELLIGENCE. 



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294 
235 

28 

34 
397 

B7 
212 

2e 
27a 

128 

7 

240 
246 
70 
1D3 

770 
280 
288 

9 
251 
55 
240 
341 

89 
314 
106 
17 
22 


6i 

12 

16 

"'3 

173 
61 
62 
6 

101 

12 
14 

3 
IB 

"65 
52 

4 
IS 

84 
38 

5 
46 

5 
35 
81 
16 

8 
69 

6 

"13 


3585 
537 
35 
644 
20 
77 
257 
5175 
2753 
2423 
449 
167 
4839 
631 
599 
301 
1377 
B2U 




































T„ril.». 
















I-.™-. 








MafYlflBd 




































Maw York .... 






3208 
2217 

21 
18S2 

98 
2663 
4608 
684 
262 
622!) 
303 
102 








































wiLn«^";" "::::; 












Total 




481 
12 

170 

12B 

3 

6 


9659 

330 

96 

1803 

1173 

17 

71 

274 

150 

2700 


6S5» 
194 
130 
918 
906 
15 
77 
131 
200 

2250 


2! 


66,7flB 
1805 
1272 
2119 
■"19 




Badih PranniM . 








Anli-Miarion BBptlstj 








S«Taith Day BspliM 












DkdpiM".::: :::::::: 








797 


16,273 


11,079 


1357 






' 


_ 



AMKRIGAN IKTSLLiaSNCE. 



B4PTIST 00LLEOB8 IN THB UNITED STATES. 



enitjr, 

>>llege, 

College, 

College, 

>llege, 

ftmij, 

lUcg^ 

It College, 

«e, 

efritjTy 

Icfe^ 

Uege, 

'enity, 

hge. 

t Lewisburgy 
ren College^ 
f Rocfaeeter, 

iTenitj, 
College, 



LoctUon. 

ProTidence, B, J. 
Hamilton, N. Y. 
Waterraie, Me. 
Wadiingtoii, D. C. 
Georgetown^ Kj. 
Richmondi Va. 
Granyille^ Ohio. 
Ftafieldy Ga. 
Upper Alton, 111. 
Wake Forest, N. C. 
ProntTtown, Va. 
MurfreesboTo', Tenn. 
SCaiion, Ala. 
Franklin, la. 
Independence, Texas. 
McGnimlle, N. Y. 
Lewisbuig, Pa. 
Liberty, Mo. 
Rochester, N. Y. ] 
Oregon Gij. 
Greenville, 8. C. 
Clinton, Miss. 
Sumner Co., Tenn. 



Fretldiiits. FeondMl. 

Francis Wajland,D.D.;LL.D. 1764 



Stephen W. Tajlor, LUO. 

Joel S. Baoon, D.D. 
D. R. Ounpbell, LL.D. 
Robert Rjland, D.D. 
Rer. Jeremiah Hall| A.M. 
John L. Dagg, D J). 
N. N. Wood, D.D. 
John B. White, A.M. 

J. H. Eaton, LL.D. 
Henry Talbiid, A.M. 
SOas Bailey, D.D. 
Rufhs C. BorlesoD, A.M. 

Howard Malcom, D.D. 
R. W. Thomas^ A.M. 
M. B. Anderson, A.M . 
George C Chandler, A.M. 
James C. Forman, AJf. 

0. J. Fisk, A.M. 



1819 
18S0 
1821 
1838 
1882 
1882 
1888 
18S5 



1889 
1840 
1841 
1844 
1848 
1848 
1848 
1849 
1880 
1860 
1851 
1851 
1851 



BAPTIST THIOLOGICAL INSTITUTIONS IN THB UlTITBD STATM. 



^Madison Univ., 
xm Theol. Sem., 
K>I. Institution, 
si. Seminary, 
eol. Seminary, 
p. Theol. Insti., 
Howard Col., 
Theol. Sem., 
lieol. Seminary, 
Hieol. Institn., 



Hamilton, N. Y. 
Fairfiix,Vt 
Newton Centre, Masi. 
Penfield, Ga. 
Greenville, S. C. 
Covington, Ky. 
Marion, Ala. 
Kalamazoo, Mich. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 



8<nlor T t ott mon. 
George W. Eaton, D.D. 
Eli B. Smith, D.D. 
Henry J. Ripley, D J). 
John L. Dagg, D.D. 
J. C. Fnrman, A.M. 
Samuel W. Lynd, D.D. 
Henry Talbird, A.M. 
J. A. B. Stone, A.M. 
Thomas J. Conant, D.D. 



1820 
1825 
1826 
1888 
1885 
1840 
1848 
1846 
1850 
1861 



le endowment of the above-named institutions, more than 1,600,000 dollars have 
ibed within the past six yeari^ the greater part of which has been collected and 
lie whole number of instructors connected with them is 164^ — ^pupils over 2600. 
graduated over 4,000 students. Their libraries contain more than 120/)00 

n to the above collegiate and theological institntions, there are in the United 
!e number of seminaries and academies chartered, and endowed more or less 

baptist associations and communities. An imperfect list of these gives the 
rty-two chartered female colleges, seminaries, &&, and thniy-fonr academies for 
ih separate departments for male and female pupils. A Ml list firom all the 

considerably increase this number. These are distinct from thft mudk Vboi^ 
ehoalg, which are atrictiy mdifiduaX property. 



AMEBICAK INTELLIQEHCK. 



Hon. Geo. N. Uriegs, LL.U., of Man., 
PwBdenl; Hon. Ira ifnms, LL.U., of N. Y,. 
ChaiimBlt of the Hoard of Maaogen ; Rqv. 
Solomon Peck, D.D., Foroiffn Secrelarj ; 
R«T. EJward Bright, D.D„ Home 8«ri:tiiry; 
Hr. BJchaiil E. Eddy, Trnuurer. Ktiuton- 

r Itoomo, 33, Sameiwt Street, llcntan. 






The annual meeting of the Bowd of 
Hanagen and of ifae Union inu held In 
Albany, N. Y., blaj l^-SG, 1853. SW life- 
menbers were in attendance. 

The recei|jta (hini all •onrat, for the year 
ending March SIM, were 134,113 Jollnn, 
17 centg, and the expenditures 135,344 dol 



Ian, : 



The 



onthlj i 



of the 



Minionnr)' Mogaiinc was 5,700 copies, and 
of the Macedonian, 36,500, 

The number oF miuioni is 19, embrnclni^ 
8B stations and It) out-stations, besidei 40] 

CIS of stated preaching in Gemmnj and 
ce. Connected with the missions are 
64 misaionarieg, of whom 60 are pieaclicre ; 
■nd there are GO female asiitanls. Tlic 
number of native preachers and assistant! it 
206. Total of mlsaionaries and nsaislanta 
connected with the mliisiDni, 336. There 
are 131 churchei, havinx an eitimated mrm- 
b«ihipofU,250, of which about 1,200 were 
added by baptism the past year. The number 
irfschoolsis HI, including 24 buarding-schools, 
with 1,900 pupils. 

The annual meeting in 18S1 will be held. 
Mar 2ath, in Philadelphia, Pa. Itev. S. 
Bailey, D.D., of la., has been appointed tu 
preach the annual sermon, Ket. Kdn'.ird 
Lathrop, of N. Y., alternate. The Executive 
Committee was authoriied to expend 1GO,OOU 
dollars during the present year. 

^aiBICAN OlpridT IIOMB HJ8SI0N SOUETV. 

Hon. Isaac Dans, LL.D., Vresident ; Her. 
B. M, Hill, D,D., Conciponding Seeieliiry ; 
Rot, J. R. Stone, Assistant Secretary ; C. J. 
Uartin, Treasurer. The Home Mission 
Roonii are No. 354, Broom St., New York. 

Tlie twenty-fint anniversarv w.TS held at 
Troy, N. Y., May 13-15, 1853. The lolnl 
of recdpis, including balance from farmer 
! 61,470 dollan 66 "" 



il totlint of one m^nfor'^lIC years. 
he miaisonuiicd report Ibe baptism of 
?5 persons, the otguniulion of 59 churches, 
"-1 oniinBlion of ,10 ministers. Twelre 
of wonlii,i liaie been completed, bdI 
in progress of building. 



Preudent, Rev. J. H. Xennard ; Sccrel» 
ries. Rev. W. Shadracli, Rev. J. N. Brown. 

The tnenty-nintli (including the anBIT(^ 
sinea of tin Baptist Gencnl Trut Society) 
annual meeting was held in PbiLadelpUtf, 
May 4-6, 1053. The receipts of the ynr 
from all sources 43.404 dollars, 8D cenU; the 
eipendilnres 4.1,302 dollan, 13 cents: Of 
the receipts, '25,699 dollars, 59 centa, hare 
been from sala of mercbondiae i 3,758 dol- 
lars, 56 cents, from donations for general 
purposes; S,nSO dulian, 6 cents, for colpor- 
teur fund; I,S7I dollan, 18 cents, fbrbuildiof 

The iocrenie in the ralae of stock, boofcf, 
stereotype plates, and engmvingB for tb* 
year, was 4,1(69 dolUrJ, 31 cents; and the 
total amount of assets is 65,772 doIlDi^ S 
cents, showing a gain over tb* valnsttion af 
the last year of 5,201 dollars, 61 ceula. 

Tlie whole number of publication* in the 
Society's catalogue is now 406, of which 174 
are bound volumes, in English, German, and 
French. Of the tracts, \S9 are English, IS 
Gerniiin, 3 French, and 10 children's tracts. 

Of the new issuea of the Society there have 
been publislied during the year, 179,000 
copies; of older irauvs, 333,700; making the 
total number of publications for the year, 
432,700. Theec publications contnfaied 
4,300,000 octavo pagee ;— 3,705,000 dood*' 
ehno; 10,233,000 lUmo.; IGO.OUO 32mo.) 
1,072,000 4amo.; making b lot.ii issue of 
19,678,800 pngc.4. Nearly 3,000,000 pagei 
of tracts were also jntnted and diitribafed 
during the year. 



r of 






I the 



the employment of the Society the wM vear 
is 179. 

The misHionarlce have been distribnled ns 
fallows: in Canada West, 2; Grand Li^nio 
Stations, Canada East, 6; Pennsyivania, 3; 
Delaware, 3 ; Ohio, 2 ; Michigan, 9 ; Indiana, 
35; Illinois, 33; Wisconiin, 36 j Iowa, 32; 
Hinneaota, 4 ; Oregon 3; Cnljbmla, 3; New 

- Mexico, 4. Beaidea whom, nine collecting 
^enla have been employed tlie whole or a 
poitian of the year. 
Tie number nt states and territoTic* occu- 

jiied is 13. The number of stations ud otit- 



This Society, which h 
the I'ubUentLon Society, was organized May 
6th, 1853. Ita object is to collect ami pre- 
serve all " raanuKriplS| penod'w^s, bdJ 
liooks," relating to baptist history, biegra- 
pliy, &c., und to publish such historical and 
antlqaarian works as tho fntcrests of the 
denomination mav demand. Ila oflioeTI OK: 
-President, Rev. \Vm. R, Williams, D.D., 
of New York; Vice Preadents, Rev. John 
M. Peck, DD., III., Rev. Will mm Hague, 
D.D„ N. J., Rev. Baron Stow, D.D., TSam., 
Rev. B. B. C. Howell, D.D., Va. ; Serratary, 
Horatio G. Jones, jun., Esq., Pa.; Treasurer, 
Rev. B. R. Loiley, 113, Arch St., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Tenu tA nivn\Vrr4in^,«n* Mtwi ^ci j'enr. 



AMERICAN INTELLIGENCE. 



227 



JJCCKICAN IKB VOBIXail BIBLE SOCXBTT. 

Rer. B. T. Welcb, D.D., Preudent ; Rev. 
Rofu Babcock, D.D., Corresponding Secre- 
tiiry ; Nathan C. Piatt, Eiq., Treasurer. 
WAt House, 115, Nasiiau Street. 

Receipts 44,215 dollars 84 cents. Foreign 
appropriations for the year: — to Missionary 
Union, 10,500 dollars; for Scripture distribu- 
tkm, and evangelising purposes in Gehnany, 
faj Mr. Oncken, 9,871 dollars; Southern 
Fiance, by Dr. Devon, 80 dollars; Orissa, by 
Bev. Dr. Sutton, 1,000 dollars; Italian Scrip- 
tnrcfl, through Rev. Dr. Winslow, 245 dol- 
lus; per O^man colporteur in Canada, 176 
dollars; for Chinese Scripture distribution in 
Gsnton, 500 dollars ; Baptist Missionaries in 
Calcutta, for Scriptures in Bengal and San- 
scrit, 1,500 dollars. Total, 23,872 dollars. 

^>e total of foreign appropriations since 
Oe organisation of the Society, is 262,833 
dollars. 



IXEBICAN BIBLE UMOX. 

The third anniversarv was held Oct. 7, 9, 
185X Receipts, 2U,7b» dollars 50 cents; 
impaid snbscnptions, 61,746 dollars. Presi- 
dent, Rev. Spencer H. Cone, D.D.; Corre- 
spoBdiMg Secretary, William H. Wyckoff; 
TieaBorer, William Colgate,— Office, 850, 
Broome Street, New York. Expended for 
tiie reviaon of English Scriptures, 5,279 dol- 
lars ; Spanish Scriptures, 747 dollnrs, 49 
cents; French Scriptures, 702 dollnis, 43 
cvnts; Siamese New Testament, 1,000 del- ' 
lam; Bengal, Sanscrit, and Armenian Scrip- ; 
tn»f, 1,000 dollars. 

flOUTHEBH 'baptist C0NVENTI05. 

The fourth biennial meeting of the Con- 
Tention was held at Bnltiniore, Mnnland, 
Hay 13, 14, 1853. Rev. li. H. C. Ilowell, 
D.DVof Richmond, Virginia, President. 

FoREicar XIi^ion Doard. — Uev. K. B. C. 
Howell, D.D., President; Rev. James B. 
Taylor, Corresponding Secretary; Archibald 
Thomas, Esq., Treasurer. OiHcc, Richmond, 
Virginia. Receipts, 21,4.38 dollars, 45 ccnti*. 
12,000 copies of the Home and Foreign 
Journal arc circulated monthly. Afwions, 
^China, two stations and one out-station, 
eight male and six female missionaries, and 
tiro assistants, one boarding, and five day- 
ecbools and chapels. Identified with the 
African missions in I^bcria, there are thirteen 
iUtions, nineteen missicmurics and teachers, 
and eleven day-schools, with about 400 
Kholan. Three stations uro propose*] in 
Central Africa, to be occupie<l by six mia- 
Bonaiici^ four of whom are already secured. 
Summary. — Stations and out-stnt ions, nine- 
teen; missionaries and assistants, thirty-nine; ' 
ichools, setenteen ; scholars, 4H0 ; churches, . 
fourteen ; with a membcrbliip of 044. / 

DoMttnc Mi&sjoy BojHD,-~Jlcr, J, IL j 



De Votie, President; Rev. Jos. Walker, 
Corresponding Secretary ; Wm. Hombuckle, 
Treasurer. Office, Marion, Ala. Receipts, 
18,074 dollars, 47 cents. The number of 
missionaries employed is 77, who baptized 
during the year 642 persons, constituted 21 
churches, commenced the erection of 17 
meeting-houses, and completed 13 others. 

Bible Board. — Rev. Samuel Baker, 
D.D., President; Rev. Wm. C. Buck, Corre- 
sponding Secretary; C. A. Fuller, Treasurer. 
Receipts, 8,078 dollars, 86 cents. Office, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Southern Baptist Publication Society. 
—This Society held its sixth annual meeting 
at Atlanta, Ga., April, 1853. James IHipper, 
Esq., President; Rev. E. T. Winkler, Corre- 
sponding Secretary; A. C, Smith, Esq., Trea- 
surer. Office, Charleston, S. C. Permanent 
l\ind, 6,613 dollars; subscriptions unpaid, 
9,575 dollars, annual sales from the Deposit- 
ory, 21,000 dolhtrs. 

AMBRICAH INDIAN MISSION ASSOCIATION. 

Hon. T. G. Blewitt, of Blississippi, Presi- 
dent; Rev. S. L. Helm, Corresponding Secre- 
tary ; Charles S. Tucker, Treasurer. Office, 
Louisville, Kentucky. The tenth annual 
meeting was held in Louisville, Ky., May, 
1853. Receipts, 14,030 dollars, 53 cent8. 

Summary. — Missions, 4; stations, six; out- 
stations, ten; missionaries nnd assistants, 
twenty-five ; churches, twenty-two ; baptisms, 
146; communicants, about 1,500. 

AMERICAN BAPTIST I'REE MISSION SOriKTV. 

The tenth anniversary was held, June Ist, 
in Utica, N. Y. 

Rev. A. L. Post, President; Rev. W. 
Walker, Corresponding Secretary ; George 
Curtias, Treasurer. Office, Utica, N. Y. Re- 
ceipts, 7,^86 dollars cents ; total expendi- 
tures, 6,644 dollars, 84 cents. 

NEW ENGLAND SADDATH-SCHOOL UKION. 

Hon. Charles Thurber, LL.D., President ; 
Rev. Alfred Colburn, Corresponding Secre* 
tary ; Asa Wilhur, Treasurer. Depository, 
No. 70, Comhill, Boston. Nine now books 
nnd eiglitecn reprints have been isf*ued during 
the year. Receipts for the year, 1 ,783 dol- 
lars; disbursements, 1,720 dollars. 

"The Young Reaper," a Sunday school 
journal, is publibhcd montlily. 

GERMAN MISSION SOCIETY OF THE MISSISSIPPI 

VALLEY. 

William AI. M'Pherson, President ; S. B. 
Johnson, Corres]K>ndinK Secretary ; D. A. 
Spuulding, Treasurer. Office, St. Louis, Mo. 

Tho third annual meeting was held in St. 
Louis, Mo., Nov. olli, 18'i'2. The annual 
sermon was prcnched by JU'v. II, G. Weston, 
of St. Louis. MissionaricH \\(vnq \)«ieii «wv 
tiuncil in Illinois, Miseouri, &c. 



KUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE. 



EUROPE. 

Lad nmnier, at the conference held st 
Hem Hombuigh, a eommittee w«i formed 
of which the Earl of Shafleebury wai preei- 
deot fbr the vindidtion and pTomotian of 
lellgioui libeitr. At Ihe requot of thM 
committee, the ReT. T. B- Brooke and the 
UcT. Dr. Steone viiited manr of the placea 
in wllieh peraecution had been eiperiencad, 
with a new to leriPr the alleged facta, to 
obtain ftitther ioformBtioii, and to eipica 
the qropnthj of the comniittee with the 
|ier«*aited. 

The report which thej preeented hu been 
pnbli^ed and deaerre* univenal attontion; 
the following ore B few brief extract!. 



" In tlii* dtj, formerlj the aajlum of 
numj of the expatriated Engliah reformen, 
■ltd ander a republican gavemment, one of 
the moit Bagnnt of all the iniUncv* of 
intolennce luid taken pliice into which we 
were communoned lo inquire. The Kate- 
nent ve had lecdied wai to the eiFect, that 
the Rer. Ferdinand Buea, paalor of the 
baptift congregation, ofler haling acted in 
that cspiicilj for twelre monthi, waf, on the 
lit of Haf, 1BS2, nunmoned befbni the 
authoritiet, and, by a lummaij proceii, after 
being thrown into prieon, and detained there 
from Saturda; afternoon tQl Hondaj mom. 
ing, marched to the frontien hy gendaimee, 
under aentence of banishment from the 
n for Ufe." 



"We ' 



9 told ( 



all t 



formily with the declaration of Dr. Furrer, 
that in Zurich there waa fiill lolciation for 
■It relipoiu Kct*; and intelligent penoni 
with whom we converaed exprened atnmg 
incredulity of our itatementi until thej 
tbund them verified by the leeult of our 
inquiries. Nor could we Icam that the 
expulnon of Mr. Buei was founded upon 
any law. It ecemi to have been an aibitnu-y 
priiceeding on the part of the police author- 
itiea, wbo, in the ewe of penoni not natirce 
of the canton, are inTcHed with liirge dii- 
cretionary powen." 



" In the town of HilburghauKn, fomierlj 
the capital of the Saxon duchy of tbiit name, 
which i) now united with the duchy of Saie 
Meiningen, ii a small bnpUil coDgregation, 
not having a leaident paalor, but forming a 
brsneh of the bapliit church w Hersfeld, in 
Beaae Cusel, under the superintendence of 
Hr. Beyebach, a baptist mtssionory atalioned 
there. They are luffcring under severe 
restiictioni, so much to that a decree has 
been iuueil by the supreme goiemnii 
abaolutely prohibiting their meetings, t 
dirciiiatiDD of tracts and the adminiiitiati 
of lie McrainenU; interdicting the iiMti 



their pastor, and nil^ecUng by name tke 
chief person among them to a apecifitd 
penalty if he recelTes him into his hontCi 
These prohibitions are enforced by Snci or 
impriionment, and the msgiitntet and gm- 
darmes are charged to watch figilaotly 
against any inftactioa of tliem, and to lay 
immediate information, if any audi am 
occur, Before the state attorney. We aiw 
some of theas persecuted people, an^ 
received from them wch an account of the 
manner in which they ileallhily hold tbdr 
■nembliea for Divine waisbip, aa itrangly 
reminded us of umilai scenes and etckl* 
related in the religiooi hlitoiy of oar own 
country. On one onwon, after haray 
administeted the ordinanca of baptism, IImu 
pasttn had a narrow escape &<Hii being a^ 
tured by the police; and his little Sou war* 
scattered without being able, as they had ia- 
tendedj^to celebrate the Lord's supper. " 

II is not only by the police that they art 
hataawd. " Popular malice has been stirred 
up sgainst them, and thai, we regi^ to Hy, 
by two clergymen who live in the town, and 
are jointly conductors of a low paper, entitlad 
■Dorfkin^en Zeitung,' in which these ^odly 
people are held up to contempt and ridicnl^ 
and the passions of the populace are eicitad 
against them. Their windows have bees 
broken by missiles, and, recently, aame sf 
the baser sort aaembled before the boose <f 
one of them, nnd taking his wood, kindled ■ 
large fire with it, to the danger of Us 
premises, in which they burnt the tract* tliat 
he had diitributed. " 

In an interview with the miniitei oftbt 
interior, Mr. Oberlander, the deputation 

been adopted solely on religioui grounds, oc 



troublesome. " To this, he replied, ' i 
ail. ' He believed them to be very good 
people, except that they would hold their 
own views on religious subjects, and act upon 



"lathis Electorate the intolennce is, if 

possible, still greater than in the preceding 
case. All relijnous meetinga and minfttaud 
functions are rigorously interdicted to the 
bapUsIs, and they are kept in a state of 
constant apprehension and alarm. " 

" We felt it lo be our duty to go to Casael, 
and endeavour lo obtain an interview with 
the supreme government; and to this atep we 
were also strongly urged by our snaring 
friends, who were willing to hope better 
results from it than we fear are likely to be 

" HeMa being under martial law, it 
appeared desirable that ¥re should see the 
military as welt as the civil aathoritiea, On 
)ju{iunng at, Vh* Miwutcvwm, we tautti that 



EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE. 



2S9 



t cabioet council was to asBemble at ten 
oVlock, which would prevent our obtaining 
an audience with the prime minister before 
one. In the meantime, therefore, wo waited 
upon General Schirmer, the commander-in- 
chief. He received us with great urbanity; 
but on undentanding our businesB, declared 
bii inability to render us any aaaistance, or 
iadecd to enter into communication with us 
rapecting it. He was, he taid, only the 
executive power, and could not in anyway 
mterfere, especially as the matter related to 
the church; such affairs were under the 
control of the minister, to whom he referred 
HI. We withdrew, thanking him for his 
politeness^ and repaired to the office of the 
btter. 

The prime minister of Hesse Cassel, at the 
nnsent time, is his excellency John Daniel 
Louis Frederic Hassenpflug. The reception 
ve met with from this gentleman formed a 
Mriking contrast to that with which we had 
JBsK been honoured by the commander-in- 
chief; and we cannot characterise his manners 
I towards us otherwise than by saying that 
I they were extremely rude and ungentle- 
F manly. We again used, as our introduction, 
I the letter of Sir A. Malet; but he treated it 
with marked disrespect; a circumstance which 
ve felt to be the more offensive, as electoral 
Bene is one of the governments to which 
that minister is accredited. Having read it, 
be said curtly, that he should pay no more 
stlention to a deputation bringing such a 
letter, than he should to any ordinary 
tarellera. This was the first sentence he 
sddressed to us, and it could not, of course, 
&il to make its proper impression, fore- 
shadowing with no little distinctness the 
rabsequent contcmptuousness with which wc 
were treated. As to the object of our visit 
he continued), he wished us to understand 
at the baptists should not be tolerated in 
Hessia. We asked if this hostility to them 
had a personal origin, if they were not 
pesceable subjects, or if they improperly 
meddled with politics { He replied, by no 
means; it rested entirely upon ecclesiasticil 
ressons. We inquired if we were, therefore, 
to understand that no religious liberty would 
be allowed to persons dissenting from the 
church of the state. He answered tlint he 
voold not say what might be the case if 
otber evangelical sects should arise, but 
certainly the baptists should have none. 
We disclumed for them all connexion both 
in their principles and historically with the 
inabaptists of Munstcr. This disclaimer he 
sUowed might be just in relation to the 
English baptists, but he denied its applicii- 
tion to those of Germany, We rejoined thiit 
the committee by which wc were deputed 
vnuld not throw their shield over them, if \ 
tbey were not persons of good moral charac- 
ter. It might be so, he said, but that was 
I net enough; the Turks ware a moral people, 

I rei, Xr/L^ FOVKTB 9MRJM8. 



t 



And the Turks, we answered, are tolerated 
in our country. He replied, with a sneer, 
such things might do for England, but would 
not suit Hessia. Wc inquired, if the law 
which we had with us, and which we showed 
him, applied to the baptists. This was the 
constitution given by the elector in 1848. 
He threw the paper violently from him, and 
said, with evident anger, this is of no force 
now ; and be then pointed our attention to a 
law of the present year, which annulled it. 
We further inquired, if we might entertain 
the hope that the present restrictions would 
be removed, when martial law terminated. 
To this he replied, that he could not say 
what might be done then, adding emphatic- 
ally, but assuredly, they would not have the 
baptists in Hessia. 

*' Through the whole conversation Mr. 
Hassenpflug manifested great irritation and 
impatience. ' We admired the quiet equa- 
nimity with which Mr. Lehmann translated 
to us the waspish sentences in which the 
baptists were denounced, and we confess to 
the feeling of a sense of strong provocation 
which it required something more than 
philosophy to repress. '' 

MECKLENBURG SCHWERIH. 

''On the morning of the 24th of February 
last, three officers 'presented themselves at 
the house (St Mr. Wegener, the baptist 
missionary residing there, bringing with them 
a search warrant. Having made their per- 
quisition, they took away with them a num- 
ber of books, the church records and seal, 
the communion plate, and several private 
letters. The next morning they came again 
and repeated the search; boxes and cupboards 
were ransacked, and about a thousand re- 
ligious tracts, eight bibles, and a quantity of 
other books, among which were Baxter's 
Saints' Rest, Bunynn*s Pilgrim's Progress 
and Holy War, and Memoirs of Mrs. Judson, 
were packed in baskets brought for the pur- 
pose and carried off. In the afternoon of 
the same day, Mr. Wegener was cited before 
the authorities, and told by them that they 
were acting in what they had done under 
instructions from the highest quarters; that he 
and his congregation were not acknowledged 
by the stJtte, and would not be permitted to 
celebrate divine worship, and that he ought 
to obey the laws and not act in violation of 
them. The missionary replied, that he had 
always lived as a good subject, and had 
honoured the magistrates; that neither ho nor 
his friends hud ever spoken or dune anything 
against the government; that they created no 
disturbance, but worshipped God peaceably; 
and that their only wish was to make the 
p;ospel known among their fellow-crcatues 
Ue was finally told that there was only one 
alternative, submission or emigration, and 
was then dismissed. On the l9tU of l/l«cv 
he was apprehended and AenteT\ce<\. lo to>M- 



tso 



BUROPEAN INTBLLiaifiNOS. 



teen daji' ImpriioBmeiit. e? ery other day on 
bre«d and water, for tiBving Bdminiitered 
Christian ordinancea. 

** About the same time another penon in 
the neighbouring town of Eldena, of the 
name of Weding, waa lummoned befcre the 
judicial court of Grabow for not hairing 
broBght hif infant to be bajptised. He was 
ordered to take it for baptism within a week, 
under a penalty of twentj-llTe dollars, or a 
ibrtn]ght*ii imprisonment. 

** Another person from Kom was at the 
same thne, and bj the same court, com- 
manded to provide his child with a Lutheran 
catechism within three dajs, or pay « fine of 
ten dollars. " 

''Since onr return," saj tlie deputation, 
'' Dr. Stcane has received a letter from Mr. 
Wegener, dated Ludwigslusl, October 19, in 
which he sayi^ that on the Uth an officer of 
justice came to him fVom the minister to say 
that an execution would be put into his house 
fbr the costs of the last proceeding against 
him, amounting to something more than 
serenteen dollars, and that he must proceed 
to take an inventory of his effects. ' But 
where/ said he, ' are they ! Your things are 
already gona ; your oow is ioldi what shall I 
take now !* I replied that he must take my 
mfe and children ; for if I was deprived of 
every thing else, I should havp nothing with 
whl(^ to support them. The man looked 
perplexed, but said he must execute his com- 
mission, painfUl as it might be to him. * He 
knew,* he remarked, 'and the authorities 
knew that I was a good and peaceful citizen, 
and it would be well,' he continued, ' if all 
the inhabitants of the place led such a life as 
I did. They (the officers) would lay no 
hands on me, unless they were forced to do 
so by the ministry; and every one^s fiuth was 
certainly a matter between God and his own 
conscience.' Finding that there were no 
articles of flimiture of any value left, the 
officer was about to set down the house, when 
he was told there was still a pig and a goat, 
and that he must take them. These worda^ 
Hr. Wegener sajrs, coming flrom his wife, 
quite overcame the man. ' Your cow is 
gone/ he exclaimed, ' and will you now part 
with your pig and your soatt' and the man 
wept bitterly, adding, 'how is it possible!' 
' In Jimc of last year/ Mr. Wegener adds, 
' my silver watch and a polished bureau were 
seized for six dollan^ for costs of trial and 
eleven dayis^ imprisonment at Grabow ; this 
year, the cow, the pig, and the soat, the last 
necessaries in my house, on which we and 
other brethren and sisters who have lodged 
with us have lived fbr the last year. May 
they be an offering to the Lord, who has 
commanded us for his sake to leave father, 
and mother, and wife, and children, and 
houses, and lands, and promised that we 
ihall receive a hundredfold in this life, and in 
ihe world to come if/e eveilastlng." 



In an interview with the lIlnlBter oiJia^ 
tiee and of Eeclesiastieal afRdra, they in- 
quired if there was any other ground ef 
complaint against th« baptiita. ^ Ut repUsd 
none whatever. He said also that he penoa- 
ally knew some of them, and rejected diMi 
for their excellent character, aad that Iw 
believed they were generally aineere Chrii* 
tians, ' to whom (he added) I can cordially 
extend the hand of Christum fellowship, m 
partakers with me of the tme Ihhh ot the 
gospel, as I wish to do to all real believst^" 
We rejofaied that, in that ease, we wtn filled 
with surprise at his avowed Judgmeat tktt 
they ought not to be tolerated, and marvelisd 
how he could direct measures to he taken hi 
the suppression of their worship. He Sfr 
swered that the law must be eofoiead, and 
that they could not allow'seets to spnad in 
Mecklenburg." 

" We then referred to the ref^isal of Iks 
marriage rite to baptists, and inquired if ks 
was cognizant of the &ct He answered that 
he was, that he knew there were many esaii 
of the kind, and that it was the anavoidahls^ 
and he thought the proper consequence e( 
their leaving the Lutheran church, fbr it was 
unreasonable to expect that, having left % 
they should still be permitted to enjoy hs 
privileges. We remarked that we r^gard^d 
It rather fhmi a social point of view, undv 
which aspect it constituted a moat seiiopi 
grievance, and might lead to greater evUs; 
and that we hoped a remedy w<mld be fband, 
either by allowing baptists and other dlsKBt- 
ers, if there were any, to be married by tfcsir 
own ministers, or by making marriage a dfil 
rite, to be performed by a civil Ibnctiomay. 
And this latter alternative we sust^bied hj 
saying, that however desirable it might be to 
have the marriage contract associated with 
religious observances, vet protestants iMid 
never, like the Romanisti^ advanced it inka 
a sacrament, or even regarded it as in itself s 
part of religion ; and that this wa^ now the 
law in England, where formerly, aa in Meck- 
lenburg, none but the established clergy 
could perform the rite. 

"To this he replied, first, that it cooU 
never be conceded to the baptists to he mar 
ricd bv their own ministers, fbr the law did 
not admit that they had any ministers; on 
the contrary, they were totally proscribed 
And secondly, that, though Hiarriage osf' 
tainly was not a sacrament, it was a rel^gioni 
rite, and its perfbrmance pertained to the 
church, and so it was regarded by Luthei 
and all Lutherans. As to the example ol 
England, he should be very sorry to see i1 
followed in Germany, and ho thought thai 
with us the consequences would be dxeadftiL 

** We remarked that if these were the opi- 
nions of German statesmen and govemmenti^ 
we fesred the case of the baptists was hope- 
less. He said it was lo. and repeated, 'no- 
lh\np^ is \«»ll tox iVvvBv W to emigrate.** 



i« for loiiie time past exinting in our 
Y, hafe sought by public addresses 
9 diitribiition of tracts to gain adhe- 
ind that the emisaries of this sect 
rea dared to dispense the holy sacra- 
and we, being resolfed that this sect 
wed to public as well as ecclesiastical 
ball not continue to pervert the minds 
nbjectSy and rmding that the warnings 
:lergy hare been of no andl, do make 
Uowing decree, founded upon the 
I Ordmance of the year 1614, as fol- 

The local aathoritiei are prohibited 
lantinq a permiaaion of rendence to 
ssionanet <^the beptistf. 
Should such foreign missionaries sc- 
or without permission remain in the 
f, they are to be arrested and impri- 
tat the first offence for one month, for 
dbaeqnent offence three months. 
If baptistf who are natiree of the 
r hold conrenticles or meetings for 
• woiihip, they shall be imprisoned 
nth or twoy according as the meeting 
» held privataly or in public Fo- 
I boldhig saeh meetings are liable to 
lUimeiit fai clause 2. 
Whoerer allows such meetings to be 
his house, but does not himself con- 
, ahall snfier imprisonment fbr fourteen 

Any penon, whether a natlre or a 
sr, who sells or distributes baptist 
ihiall be liable to an imprisonment of 
n days fbr each offence. A foreigner 
bi addition the penalty in clause 2. 
di of thift kind are to be sent to our 

B^ttt. 



jailer we were permitted to receire visits 
from our friends Our prison was over the 
gate of the town, and our singing was heard 
in the street, and attracted much notice, to 
that our imprisonment and the cause of it 
became all the more known as the oonie- 
qnence, and people were led by it to inquiry 
and to the word of God. On the 2$ih of 
March we were restored to liberty. 

<'0n the 11th of May, fbur of the iiiteiw 
were cast into prison. My wifi was one of 
them, with an infant in her arms only fanx 
months old ; and the wifc of another brother, 
with an infimt only six weeks old. Like the 
brethren, they spent much of their time in 
reading, and at first in singing also ) bnt thii 
was afterwards forbidden, and the jailer wm 
commanded to take awar all their books 
from ihem except the bible. They sttffined 
much, especially the infimts^ from cold." 

In addition to his imprisonment, a fine was 
inflicted upon Mr. Tecklenburg for rsfosing 
to take his hifant to be baptised; and hk 
goods were seised fbr it* This proceeding 
created a great sensation in the town. 

Among the documents presented with thSi 
report are: — 

Declantion that the within-named persons 
had been sentenced to one month's imprison* 
ment, October S, 1862, and had nndsrgODe 
that punishment 

Order to Tecklenbnig'to take his inlknt to 
be baptised, under a jmialty of five doUaz% 
January 24, 1868. 

Sentence on Tecklenburg to pay the fine 
of five dollars above mentioned, and a fitfther 
penalty if he refuses to obey the order within 
eight days, with costs, February 25, 1853. 

Order to seize Tecklenburg's furniture][for 



23S 



HOME INTBLLIGSNOB. 



by the magiftrate of the towDi the pastor is 
■trictlj forbidden to administer the sacra- 
ments of baptism and the Lord's supper, and 
to hold religious meetings, under pain of 
imprisonment and hard labour, in the prison 
of Plassenburg. Householders are warned 
by public advertisement, not to suffer such 
meetings to be held in their houses ; and 
different members of the church, and among 
them the pastoi's wife, are threatened by 
name, if they attend any such meetings, with 
severe visitation by the police." 

8CHLBSWIG AND HOLSTEIV. 

•* We wore informed at Hamburg, that 
strict orders had for some tune past been 
issued in these duchies, interdicting assem- 
blies for religious worship, and the sale or 
distribution of religious books and tracts by 
the baptists. Different persons, members of 
the baptist community, have been imprisoned 
on bread and water. We brought away with 
us a document, which had just been issued 
from Copenhagen, sealed with the king's 
seal, the purport of which is, the refusal of a 
petition which had been transmitted to him 
by a person of the name of Schlesier, his 
infe, and two other persons, praying that the 
sentence passed upon them might be re- 
pealed. The circumstances are these. On 
the 28th of March last, the above mentioned 
Schlesier, accompanied by his wife and a 
friend, accepted an invitation to dine with a 
Mrs. Seeman, n widow living at Schaltz, in 
the duchy of Schleswig. Before dinner, 
Schlesier read aloud a sermon from Dr. 
Krummacher's ' Elisha;' and while they were 
sitting at table the police entered, deckred it 
to be a religious meeting, and took down 
their names. They were summoned before 
the authorities, and mulct in fines of different 
amounts, and in default of payment, were 
ordered to be imprisoned on bread and water. 
Against this sentence they petitioned the king 
of Denmark, but their petition has been re- 
jected, and they were then, when we were at 
Hambuig, expecting daily to be apprehended 
and oonunitteid to jail." 



HOME. 

ft 

BUCKINGniM. 

The Rev. E. Johnson of the Baptist Col- 
lege, Bradford, having accepted the unani- 
mous invitation of the baptist church, Buck- 
ingham, entered upon his pastoral labours, 
February 19th, with the cheering prospect of 
increasing usefulness in his Master's cause. 

[STOOUMBSB. 

* 

The Rev. G. T. Pike, having leceived an 

affectionate and unanimous invitation to the 

Dostorate from the baptist church at Stogum- 

&ei> Am acceded to the request of the breth- 



ren, and commenced his ttated labours on 
the first sabbath in March. 



BOLTON. 

The Rev. J. J. Owen of Sabden has ac- 
cepted the cordial and unanimous invitation 
to the pastorate of the baptist church meet- 
ing in iloor Lane chapel, intending to com- 
mence his labours March 26th. 



WITHINaTON, nBBBFOBl>SHlBC. 

Mr. Moore, late of Whitebrook, Mon- 
mouthshire, having accepted the invitation of 
the particular baptist church at Whitestone 
chapel, has commenced his stated labours 
there. 



BIRKENHEAD, CHESHIBE. 

The Rev. W. H. Bonner, kte of Keppel 
Street, Russell Square, has accepted the 
unanimous invitation of the church at Birken- 
head to become their pastor, and hopes to 
commence his labours in this capacity on the 
second Lord's day in this month. 



SILENDINE KOOK. 

The Rev. J. Stock, having received a unani- 
mous invitation to become the second classi- 
cal tutor at Horton College, Bradford, and 
having decided to remain with the people of 
his chaige, the church and congregation held 
a meeting on Wednesday evening, March 8th, 
for the purpose of presenting a testimonial of 
their esteem and respect, and of thdr joy at 
the decision to which he had come to eontinue 
with them. About two hundred and fifty 
persons partook of tea in the vestry, after 
which they adjourned to the chapeL Wm. 
Shaw, Esq., of Bottom Hall, senior deacon of 
the church, occupied the chair, and congratu- 
lated the meeting on the auspicious circum- 
stances under which they were met. Mr. 
John Haigh of Quarmby then read an 
interesting statement of the history of the 
church during Mr. Stock's pastorate, which 
commenced on the 21st of May, 1848, and 
of their present condition. The chairman 
next ^presented the testimonial, which con- 
sisted of two handsome purses, one containing 
eighty sovereigns for Mr. Stock, and the 
other twenty sovereigns for Mrs. Stock. The 
purses were worked by two young ladies, 
members of the church. The formal cere- 
mony of presentation having been gone 
through, Mr. Stock responded in a very 
solemn and impressive address, explanatory 
of the reasons which had induced him to 
decide to remain amongst them, and expres- 
sive of his ardent desires for their increased 
spintxxal pToaperity, 



HOME INTELLIQENOE 



We an infoimcd that the Ber. J. Robin- 
tDa, brother of our late mitnoiiBrj at Dacca, 
and for scTctal jeaia putar of the church at 
Gidton, Narlhunploiuhin, ii al praeent dis- 
cogged, and residing at Emiworth.^Hiati. 



The •ecretai)' of the Baptist Home Mii- 
noaarj Sodety for Scotland, chiefly in the 
Higblaadi and iaianda, hai requested us to 
saj that Mr. Williun Qnut, miMonar)' at 
GnntowD, bai kindly undertaken the journej 
on briialf of the society into the north of 
En^ud, and from Yorkihire to Oxford. 
The committee enmeally commend him and 
the cause which he ndiocate* to the kindaeis 
■ad Uberality of their friends in England, 
vbcM aid in years past is gntefullf acknow- 



by passing resolutions, ur^ng the dissenting 
bodies throughout the country, and dissenten 
generally, to unite in bringing to bear upon 
the goTcminent and the llousc of Commons 
al] Uie influence they can command for the 
attainment of thdr object. They assert that 
the Exclusion in question Tiolalea the prind- 
ple of religious liberty, and operates to the 
serioui injury of ditsenten, who are thereby 
depriTed of laluablo educational &dlities, 
are disqualified for the occupancy of many 
pnblic posts, and are shut out fcom many 
social advantages. Parliament being about 
to legislate with a view to n more complete 
deielupmcnt of the eilucnlional resources of 
the universities, and their adaptation to th« 
present wants of the people, the time has 
come when, in their judgment, the remocal 
of this giierance should be impemtircly 
demanded. 



The committee of the Society for tho 
Ijbention of Religion from State Patronage 
sad Control invited a large number of their 
mfuCDtial snpporteis to a toirit on Wednea- 
dsy the 6th of March, at the WfaittiDgton 
dab, London. The intentions of the com- 
nittee in respect to parliamentary action, to 
preparation for the next general election, and 
to means for turning to account the gratifying 
revdationa of the census, were explained to 
the meeting, and it was resolved that to carry 
OQ opeiationi with vigour, an eflbrt should at 
nee be made to raise the Society's income 
to £5,000 by subKriplions pledged for three 
years. Lists were accordingly put into cir- 
eolation, and in a few minutes it was 
sanounoed, amid great cheering, that, in- 
doding sami announced at a previous mirfe, 
nearly £800 had been subscribed. The 
committee intend forthwith ainuiging for 
similar eoteitainments in most of the large 



A memorial, signed by more' than one 
faondred members of the House of Commons, 
beluding both churchmen^end dissenters, has 
been piraented to Lord John Russell, pren- 
iag upon him the opening of the Universities 
lo the public without distinction of sect or 
need, and it is undentood that the support 
to he given to ministers in respect to their 
neasnre of Univeruty Reform, by at leait 
some of the aubscriben to this document, will 
depend on the coune taken by the govem- 
Bent. The members who have thus moved 
are likely to be well supported out nf doon, 
the eaecutire committee of the Sot:Jtly for 
Ike UbenrtioD of Religion from State Patroji- 
ttmACcBUtiiluriBftouadctllhekeT-noU, i 



The Rev. Jesse Hobion has resigned the 
pastorale of the church assembling in Salter's 
Hall Chapel, Canon Street. 

RECENT DEATHS. 



Mr. Alcock, baving been dismissed from 
the baptist church at Stroud, entered on the 
pastoral office, in the year 1{)30, at Sandy 
Lane, Wiltshire, Thence he removed to 
Berwick SL John's, and arterwardi, in 1844, 
to Farley, nenr Chriilchurch, in llsmpshire. 
Here he endured repeated family bereave- 
ments, and other heavy trials. He died at 
Chriitchureb, on Lord's day, February 5th, 
in his siity-third year, after many weeka' 
illness and much bodily suflering. "I saw 
him,'' says the Rev. Joseph Fletcher of 
Christchurch, "nearly every day for^ some 
weeks before his dealb. lie wni much 
esteemed by all who knew him in this town. 
Since he took up his residence here, after 
retiring from Parley, he was accustomed to 
attend upon my ministry, and was in ftllow- 
sliip with our church. Though much 
troubled in mind at various times during his 
lastillnes^ his end was perfect pence." 



Although a notice of the removal of Mr. 
Bailey has already appeared in this periodi- 
cal, it seemi to be due to the memory of the 
dead, BB well as sanctioned by a time- 
honoured DtMervance, briefly to gather up 
such prominent points of character as are 
cherished in the recollection of those who 
knew him best, and place them, side by side 
with the mementos of useful Uvea that b&se 
been clironicled in t^ese (a^et (oi l.'Vie \Ut. 
half centurj'. 



2U 



nOME INTBLLIQSNOE. 



The most diftinguiihlng featnre of his 
Christian life, unquestionably, was his dero- 
lion to the house q{ God. For the ancient 
chapel in E^le Street, its suceessive paston^ 
its office be^eri^ its jmembert, for its very 
walls, he cherished an habitual and most 
ardent affection. 

Gradually rising, as one early association 
after another was swept awny, from simple 
memb«Bhip to fill the imfiortant post of 
senior deacon, and that during several 
months, while destitute of a minister, it oonld 
never 1^ said that he had the disposition to 
"lord OTer God's heritage" the power en- 
trusted to him. From the first day of his 
association with this people to the last, the 
poor, and such as rather conceal than intrude 
their wants, found in him at all times an 
easily-accessible and sympathizing friend; 
and he had the pleasure to receive, more 
than once, an unanimous expression of con- 
fidence from the church meetings over which 
it became his duty to preside, tn him we 
bad an ineamation, so to speaki of the words 
of the ancient bard : *' Lord, I have loved 
the habitation of thy house and the place 
where thine honour dwelleth." And tlierc are 
many besides the numbers who paid him the 
last tribute of respect, who know that this 
text, in this instance, is not wantonly or pre- 
sumptuously applied. 

The unsolicited testimonials to his worth 
that have been recnred by his family, though 
yaluable and most gmtifying in themselres, 
are doubly so when considered as unbought 
and truthful witnesses, from) quarters little 
suspected, of the dignity and superiority of a 
consistent Christian life. Firm and un- 
flhiching in his denominational peculiarities, 
he was never a bigot, but was pririleged, 
dtiring the latter part of his life, especially 
when enfeebled by illness, to enjoy the fViend- 
ship of the rector of the parish in which he 
resided for so many years, and in which he 
had honourably served nearly all the paro- 
chial offices. To those visits, with those of 
his own minister, and the attentions of friends, 
he never referred but with pleasure — they 
were so many bright beams in the sunset oif 
his life, and shed a holy lustre on its very 
close. 

His patient acquiescence and child-like 
conformity to every arrangement that was 
recommended by medical men or others, was 
worthy of imitation. One long standing 
habit after another was interdicted ) the busi- 
ness of the Baptist Fund (hi which he always 
took peculiar delight) prohibited, but no 
word of murmur or resistance ever escaped 
his lips— a more than human power was 
inanii^tly tutoring him, weaning him fh>m 
Mrthj subduing every inclination, and recon- 
dling him to every painful arrangement made 
on his behalf, rendering his last days, if not 
hh most naefa], at least his most holy, realiz- 
^S tbe^ state predicted by the piophei, 



'< Thou wilt keep hitt in perfsct peace, whose 
mind is stayed on thee." 

Into the exemplary nature of his ooiyugal 
affection, and the sanctity of his family 
circle, with its thousand self-denying merno^ 
ries, it is no province of such a notice as this 
to enter, but of his complete and perfect 
mastery of the last enemy, those who knew 
him best can speak and think with certainty 
and satisfaction. He was accustomed habi- 
tually, to speak of his death as an event that 
would probablv be sudden, and in a little 
pocket-book that he always carried, were 
found the following lines which he repeated, 
indeed, to one of bis fiunily the week before 
the end came*. — 

''Andwheal'nltodie 
' Receive me,* I'll ery, 
|FoT Jem hsth^lovsd ma» 
1 MBDOt tell why. 



" Bat this I can find. 
We two aro to joined. 
Ho can't be in glory 
And leave me behind." 

His ihvonrite readings were the Gospels 
and the Pilgrim's Progress. Over the pieta- 
resque descriptions of the hmd of Bettlab, 
and the summonses to cross the river, be 
would lovo to linger, and the glorj of the 
welcome when the dark waters were putd 
would always powerfully affect him. On tbe 
occasion of his last attack but one, before 
consciousness had left him, obeerviiig the 
anxiety of the doctors as to the fasue of the 
seizure impending but inevitable, he said 
with a dignity of which the trusting Christian 
surely is alone capable, " I am not afhdd.** 
And though when the f post from tlie edes- 
tial city" brought the ** note" for him, it was 
not possible for him to add to the history of 
an active life any words of dying confidence, 
we know he slept peacefully, and will sleep 
on till the resurrection of the just. 



Hits. NOTT. 

Died on Tuesday, Nov. 15, 1853, Frances, 
daughter of the late Mr. Samuel Downing, 
and wife of the Rev. Clement Nott of 
Sutton in Ashfleld, Nottinghamshire, after a 
brief illness of three days. 

Mrs. Nott had been united to her now 
bereaved husband about tWenty-fbur yean. 
During the whole of this period, as well as 
for many years previonsly, one fixed and 
uniform course of pre-eminent piety distin- 
guished and adorned her character. From a 
child A peculiar tenderness of feeling, com- 
bined with an assiduous disposition to pro- 
mote the happiness and Interests of others, 
marked her spirit, and for the czerc^ of 
these amiable traits of character ample 
opportunities were afforded and scrupulously 
employed in after life. Fragile and delicate in 
\ cou^totioiifYvct cnutVv>T\&wece however often 



HOME INTELLIGENCE. 



236 



impeded by indimritlon ; itill in spirit she 
nerer flagged. Whether in health or ncknen 
Ikcre waa the aame untiring and devoted 
aoUdtnde fyt tboie around her, and eepecialljr 
lor Imt aged and honoured parents. These 
she ailectionatelj watched over and tended 
doling iMr later 4eyi» end at length fol- 
loved aofvowingf bnt not without hope, to 
the verge of the tomb. Two years subse- 
quently to these events she was united in 
marriage to the writer of these lines ; and if 
ever woman fulfilled the duties of a relation 
to dear with pre-eminent fidelity, prudence, 
and affeeiion. they were so fulfilled by her. 
Trials and difficulties at times would neces- 
flwily arise ^nd cast their shadows acrois her 
path, but these were never met with a mur- 
mur, or regarded as though some strange 
thing bad happened. On tne contrary, they 
were viewed as inseparable links in (he great 
chain of providence, or as a part of that 
needed discipline with which an all-wise God 
sees fit to exercise all his children ; and 
hence, whether of a personal or relative cha- 
ncter, they were borne with exemplary 
pttience until brighter scenes arose. At 
fhsft period her religious impresiions com- 
BCBced, or by what means they were pro- 
dneed mad matiiied» no note is preserved to 
iidiMite. We only know that though during 
that period of life in which the fioscinations of 
the world ura apt to exert their most baneful 
iiflQenee^ she was (though for a time peculi- 
srly czpoaed to such influence) alike pre- 
serted flcom corruptness both of sentiment 
sad of practice. There is evidence also that, 
shoot the year 1820, she nnd her revered 
Bothor sat down at the table of the Lord 
together, and that including the peziod be- 
hn and after her connexion with the church 
Older the pastoral care of her esteemed 
brother-in-law, the Bev. Thomas Roome 
iodependent) she laboured assiduously in 
the sabbath school for the long space of 
■xteen yean. Nor can it be otherwise than 
in^tifying to know that there are many 
individuals who still cherish the kindest re- 
membrance of her indefktigable and devoted 
exertions to promote their spiritual and 
•tema] interests. Providential events however 
nbsequently transpired which led to the 
removal of her brother from a pastorate of 
thirty-seven years to another important j 
sphere of action ; and these again led to her 
ovn ultimate separation from the indepcnd- : 
eat and to her union with the baptist church 
orer which her husband presided in the same 
town. And here, without intending to con- ' 
Hj the slightest reflection upon the church ; 
ihe had left, ^e was often wont to say she 
hsd found a peculiarly happy home. Cor- 
disUy and aflSectionately welcomed into their 
midst, she as affectionately redprocated their 
kmdness, and at once identified herself with 
all thor interests, and to the end of her truly / 
Christian career derated all her energies to I 



the promotion of their peace and prosperity. 
She could not it is true fulfil all that was in 
her heart, but if true Christian sympathy, 
fervent and unceasing prayer, judicious 
counsel, and consistency of character, are of 
any avail, then had the church the fbll 
benefit of all these; and if vigour of body 
had been equal to vigour of mind, that 
additional advantage had been realised too. 
But, as already intimated, possessing a pecu- 
liarly sensitive mind, and by no means a 
robust constitution, not only would her 
physical activities seem to come short of the 
energies of others, but at times her piety 
assumed somewhat of a morbid cast, ^nd 
then, to a casual observer, its purity would 
appear to be dimmed by an oppressiveness 
bordering upon gloom and despondency, yet 
to those who knew her intimately and could 
read the inner characteristics of her spirit, 
there were still seen prominently inscribed 
thereon, supreme love to Christ, intense de- 
votion to his cause, holy deadness to the 
world and a jealous concern for the honour 
and glory of her Lord. The spirit was 
willing, the flesh tdont was weak. In truth 
it may be added that to honour the Saviour 
herself, hnd to see him honoured by others, 
ever affbrded her the highest gratification, 
and tended more than any other event to 
disperse the gloom and scatter the doubts 
which would occasionally gather around her 
spirit. Remarkable indeed as it may appear 
yet such was the fact, no matter how de- 
pressed herself, there was always the placid 
smile, the cheering word, the felt sympathy, 
and the warm expression of Christian kind- 
ness ready to be evinced towards others, and 
especially towards the young convert, the 
timid inquirer, and the poor and afflicted of 
the Saviour's flock. No marvel that thus 
loving she should be loved in return ; this is 
the love that begets love, and which never 
fails of its reward. In stating tho fact that 
Mrs. Nott's temperament was peculiariy 
susceptive, and that as a consequence she at 
times became depressed and seemed as one 
^* walking in daricness and having no light." 
yet it ought in justice to be observed that the 
only ci^t induced by this state of feeling 
was to lead her nearer to God, and to the 
cultivation of a more earnest and persevering 
suit at a throne of grace for the vouchsafe- 
ment of that illuminating and consolatory 
influence of the divine Spirit by which alone 
her '^ peace could flow as a river, and her 
righteousness as the waves of the sea." 

For some years past Mrs. Nott's health 
had suffered much at times from dyspeptic 
affections ; but in the spring of last year a 
more serious attack than any previous one, 
arising from the same cause, had well nigh 
brought her to the grave. Mercifully how- 
ever for the sufferer the disease ^\«\de^ \o 
the skilfully applied TemeduX meaaxoca 
adopted, and at the ejipiTation ol tom^ eM^X. 



HOME [KTKLLiaBNC£. 



m niDo wMlot ■ mlontiDn lo decidedly 
iimirored lieallli ajipcared to have been 
eBecleJ. Her apirila atvt this dIk usumed 
a maie plastic and quiet tone, her bodilj 
■trcDfith became more vigoraua, and to all 
ha frieiidi, with thii twofoJd reaiucitatioa of 
life, there fecmed to open up a itrong ground 
of hnpe lliut many happy days of cheerful 
intercourae were in re»cr«B for their mutual 
enjoyment; but the hope* thua excited and 
fondly cheriahed »ere doomed to a apcedy 
and fatal blight. He who neth not ai auu 
ieeth, and juitgeth not ai roan judgelh, wir 
tbe effect of hia own hand in tlic rapidly 
ripening fruit which bung pendent on thia 
delicate branch uf the true vine, and in 
wiadom and mercy doubllen molved to 
houae it aafely where, beyond the reach of 
alt future nlormg and tcmpeilB, It might wave 
beneath an unclouded alij' and flouiiah in 
immortal bloom. Accordingly but a com- 
paratively ihnrt time eiap^ before the 
hand of affliction waa again laid upon her; 
and ai the aymptomi of this renewed attack 
were precisely timilar to thote of the preced- 
ing one it aoon became evident that the 
proitrate form could not long hold out under 
•oiforful an oaaaull ; and h it proved, for 
within three daya, dcapite of all that human 
■kilt and kindneaa could detiae, life had fled, 
and Ihere only a« the imoge of one that 
aleepeth lay the helpleu form of her whom 
it is no eiaggemtion lo my, that the walked 
the eaitb 111 one who watched and longed for 
heaven. " The Master cometh and calleth 
for thee," wo believe waa an announcement 
that created no Bucpriie ; her lamp wag 
trimmed, her light was burning, and she had 
only lo die and enter into the joy of her 
Lord. 

We are aware that to many what ia 
leriDed a dying teatimony ia often devoutly 
deaiied, and the eager inquiry ia, in the 
event of death, How did he die) What 
evidence was given that future happinea 
is realiaed? If in the inatance before 
ua a aimilar inquiry ii made, we can only 
■ay that, with the exception of a few 
ludd momenta, the whole of which were 
filled up with the moat devout and eomeat I 
breathing* for the monifiotation of her Sav- , 
iour's love and aympnthelic remembrance of 
her in her trying hour, no opportunity waa 
afforded for the eihibilion of any auch 
testimony. But with unfeigned satufiirtian 
we can add that in her case none woi 
needed. Life and not death waa hev loudett 
and truest chraoicler. Thia indeed had been 
"an epiille of Cbriat known and read" by 
all who knew her. 



Died, on Saturday the 1th of March, at 
Gnat Elliiyhani, Norfolk, aged 76 yean, the , 
Jhr. C. Habiher, who, for nearly thirly-Kiea 



ycen, wai Uw raapcctcd paal«r of tfaa l»ptut 

church in that village, which he icngned in 
184*2 from the premature infirmitiea of age. 
Hia end wna peace, dying, in hia own lui- 
guage, " rating on the boaom of Jeana." Hii 
funeral eetmon waa preached on Lord'i day 
the ISth, to a large congregation, by the pre- 
aent partor the Rei. J. Cragg, between whom 
and tlie deceaaed an uninterrupted uaeUent 
Christian feeling had prevailed. 



On Thundiy, Man:h 3nd, at WindiMtar, 
Hants, whilit on a viiit to her daaghlcTi 
after a long and painful illnea, borne with 
much Giristion patience, Mary Ann, the 
bt'loved wife of Joieph Sanden, Eaq., of 
Sutherland Square, Walworth, and eldat 
daughter of Runell Ponlifei, Esq., of Trinity 
S([uare, Soulhwotk, in the fiGth year of bel 



■B, WI1.LI1M GOODIIDaE. 

In the year I7S0, Mr. John Ooodiite 
having aetlled in a farm at Bliawortta, in tha 
county of Northampton, was Inought niidv 
the minirtry of Mr. William Heighloo, pa*- 
tor of the baptist church at Roade, who 
preached at Btisworth on sabbath and week- 
day evenings. In 17E3, Mr. Heighton bap- 
tiied and received him into the church at 
Itoodc. His son William waa bom in 17S1- 
He was brought up in the fear of God ; and 
in 1807, he also waa bapliied by Ht. 
Heighton, and added to the church of which 
his father wni a member. 

The church at Bliiworth having Bepanll*! 
from the church at Koade, in the year lfl2ti, 
with the cordial content of their fanner aad 
much-loved poitor, Mr. John Goodridge and 
hi* son William were unanimously choaen to 
the deacon's office, which they filled willl 
fiiithfutnets and honour. 

The aubject of this notice poawaed a 
strong bodily constitution, and enjoyed unin- 
terrupted health for many yean ; but beins 
rather corpulent, bis inflnnities increoaed 
towards the close of hia life, and a littls 
more than two ycara ago he retired from 
active employment, and woi confined Crom 
the house of God by severe illness. 

About noon on Friday, January 13tb, ha 
requested lo be lifted out of bod oa uaoal, 
when, on its being perceived that he leaned 
heavily, he was laid back, and without a 
struggle or a aigh he departed this life. His 
choiHcter waa marked by sincerity nnd humi- 
lity- His resolutions and plana were formed 
delibeiutely; but when farmed, hi* decaaioiia 
were unalterable. He was a cheoflil Mp- 
portet of tlie cauN of Christ. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



vaax ■BsrBOTino i 



I OBOIK i 



Dkui Sib, — Will j-ou give m in jour neil 
inimber of the Baptiit M^aiine, a little 
KCQont of the Idtin and Qieeli chuicheat 
il thi* time when thej tre w often men- 
tioaed by Dame, it ii Toiing not to know 
ibether they are catholic oi proteMant, fimm 
^t thB; (pning, and Kb en thej fint 
qipearad in tha irorld. I lee the Eaipenir 
VicboUa itatea hia obligationg to Iheoi, th&t 
MM jtan ago the Greek church introduced 
thic ftith into bis dominiana, but I really 
UicTe not ooa balf of the Engliah people 
buw whether the RuisiRiig are idolstera or 
ut. Do giiB ui a nice article that will ex- 
fhtn the tnatttf, I will aniwer for ili being 
■Ratable. A. B ,C. 



Dujiig the dsrk^Bgea HTeral 
noM between the eaMam and uie weawm 
■H^-hf . lome relating to doctrinal queUioni 
W Doie to the lupremBcy of the Raman lee. 
U lai|lh lAei aereiBl partial recondliatjona, 
rtich all proTsd tnuuienl, (hey foimally 
MMntad. the two paitie) mulually eicom- 
_ each other and reciprocating 
of animoaily. The ipirit of Chrlg- 
timitf wai not perceptible on either aide; 
lb> biihop of Rome oai the head of tlie 
Itio taction and the patriarch of Conatan- 
dBsple of the Greek, and if the latter hdi 
Bo( aa completely a pope aa the former, it 
*abecauaebewaamtraiaedby the authority 
tt tbe Greek emperor. 

The leading article of (he Snt number of 
lit London Quaiterty Review, recently 
pnUkhed, ia on the Christian population of 
ttwTnrkiah empire, and it contnina nmong 
Mhet obaerrationi the following, which will 
poWbly be intereating at the present 

"In aome reapecta, the Gieck Church haa 
■at, io formally and otEciBllyaa the church of 
Borne, prepounded error, because ah e has not 
WadriTentoitby the antagouiam of truth. Id 
■tk raw the germ of the error is then in an 
ndareloped state, a practice rather than a 
(ksaiT; in other cases, circumatancea force it 
iau Bttetance. Then, the doctrine of Iran- 
■Aibiiliatiiin was not formally acknowledged 
nd defined in (he Greek confeenona of faith I 
ntil 1672; yet it had preTailed in principle 
hnthe days of Chrysottom. There ia no I 
nek txprcsB Pelagianism as in the articles , 
nftlie Council of Trent; yet the doctrines of | 
Bn't ruined and lost condition, of the grdce 
stGod in Jmus Christ, end of juitificBtiiin by 
&iUi, are as little felt or understood, and as 
mcticolly set aude, aa they can be in the 
'•tiean or at liajaootb. Thej ha\e no 



statues or imagea of the Saints; but they 
carry picture- warship further than the most 
superatitiouB Roman Ca^olicai St. Nicholaain 
limestone would be a scandal, but St. Nieholaa 
in oil is a bearer and an answerer of prayer. 
Pretended mimcle* are a matter of daily 
occurrence, says Hartley ; and it is so easy to 
be canonised, that beg(^ ask for alms with 
the pious ejaculation: ' May your lather be 
saintedr Marriage is only forbidden to 
monks and prelates, not to the common 
pariah priests, which ia nn immenae advantage 
oier Romanism; so that auricular confession 
is not productive of so great enormities as in 
the Utter system; hut it is not the Icaa a 
substitution of man's absalulion Ibr God's, a 
meansof deceiving souls and of lowering the 
moral standard of the whole population; for 
un agunst God and man can be conjured 
away by whtspeting^it into the priestVesr, and 



lergnmgao 



9 Uttle ]i 



e called 



The Greek Church came i_._ 
contact with the spirit of the Reformation 
early in the serenteenth century, in the 
person of the celebrated patriarch, Cyril 
Lucus, and, in 1636, he fell a victim to his 
pious dTorts. Only twenty-five yearsago, it 
was the boost of the Greek clergy diat they 
had never interdicted the diffusion of the 
scriptures in the vulgar tongue; but they do so 
now, because a few of their people have begun 
to read them. The liturgies are in (he old 
Greek and the old Sclavonic; and ideas of 
magical virtue are attached to the repetition 
of the mere sound, though not underatood by 
the people. Mo bigh intellect or moral 
qualifications are required for admission to 
the priesthood; but the slightest physical 
imperfection would be nn insuperable 
difficulty, and the canditote for holy orders 
who has the misfortune to loee a tooth mutt 
give up his pretensions (o the sacred ofhcel 
Perjury is common ; and people who swear 
felselj on Ihe name of Chnat without scruple, 
will not do BO on the name of some more 
respected saint. There are two ftit-days in 
the week, numerous apecisi faa(^ and four 
Lenta, so that more than half the days of the 
year are faal-daya; and this religion of 
arbitrary eitemal perfonnnnces is set so high 
above the external laws of right and wrong, 
that many a poor superstitious wretch will 
shed a fellow-creature'a blood without 
remorse, but be horror-gtruck al the thought 
of violating b fast. Finally, the greatfeature 
of the eastern as well aa the western apostasy, is 
the eiceaaive adoration of the blessed Virgin. 
The yenmings of the heart after a human 
mediator all-powerful in heaven are turned 
away from Him who wept at the grave of 
Lazarus, and naked H» ai»c\p\es' *Yt^^*'it* 
m (he gardon of G elbscniane . T;\i« WWe 



238 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



child's first prayer is this: ' On thee I repose 
.'ill my hope. Mother of Gofl, save me!' 
The adult is taiiglit to sny, ' Amidst all the 
horrowB of life, to whom can I flee for refuge 
but to thee, holy virgin ** And again: 
' Mny we love thee with all our heart and 
Boul und mind and strength, and never swerve 
front thy commandments!' And, when the 
last scene is over, and the body is committed 
to the grave, tlie officiating priest cries aloud, 
* By thee, holy Virgin, we are raised from 
earth to heaven, having thrown off the cor- 
ruption of death.' We are speaking of the 
Greek religion here chiefly with reference to 
its influence upon tlie temporal condition of 
those who profess it; but enough has been 
■aid to show that, even in this respect, nothing 
can bo expected from it. There is no 
principle of national regeneration hid within 
it; there can be no amalgamation between 
it and the increasing intelligence of the nation. 
Knowledge can only make the Greek an 
infidel, and it is rapidly doing so already 
among the best-instructe<I classes. The | 
absence of some of the evils with which we : 
find fault in liomanism, instead of being a 
symptom of superiority, is merely the con- 
sequence of the Greek churches representing 
a phase of Ciiris^ian history, anterior to 
that represented by Rome. There have been 
three great periods in the history of the 
Church, which may be called, respectively, 
the imperial, the feudal, and the modern. \ 
The transitions between those periods were I 
each of them marked by a great schism; and 
the Greek church has remained a fossilized 
specimen of the imperial phase, as is the 
Roman of the feudal. 

"In 1589, the Czar ;Feodor Ivanovitch 
obtained from the patriarch of Constantinople 
the recognition of the separate jurisdiction of 
the patriarch of Moscow, thus securing the 
independence of the Russian church, without 
the perils and inconveniences of schism. In 
1702, Peter the Great took the more decisive 
step of proclaiming himself head of the 
national church. The union of supreme 
religious and civil authority in one person 
was^inot only, tis the most simple and natural 
sort of Theocracy, suited to the imperfect 
culture of the Russian people; it was also, in 
a great measure, prepared by the traditions 
of the Greek church itself; for patriarchs had 
been learning the lesson of subordination^ 
while popes had been practising that of 
supremacy. However, that same tendency 
to confound the religious and national ch.i- 
racters, which made the Czar's usurpation 
possible within his own territories, has rendered 
it of- less importance with respect to other 
]>opulations of the same confession. The 
Greek has not that urgent anxiety for the 
union of all his co-religionbts under one 
chief, which set the pope at the head of the 
Ronjan catholic hierarchy. The three 
millions of Austrian Greeks look up to the 



patriarch of Carlowits as their only religious 
head on earth. The great majority of the 
Russians acknowledge the Czar in the same 
chanicter. We say 'majority ;' for five millions 
of Starowers, or 'old believers/ ditaent stoutlj 
from the doctrine of imperial supremacr, and 
call Peter the Great, ' Antichrirt.' ' The 
archbishopric of Athens haa lately been 
raised to supreme independent jurisdiction 
over emancipated Greece, with a Holy Synod 
of its own ; and the thirteen millions of the 
Greek church still under Turkish rule bow 
to the spiritual sceptre of the ' cecumenical 
patriarch,' without accusing their brethren 
of schism, but also without feeling as impi«ae4 
or attnicted as might have been expected br 
the pretensions of an imperial patnarch. it 
is only in Russia itself^ and among the lower 
orden, that the person of the Czar is viewed 
with such religious veneration as the champion 
of the cause of God and of the orthodox 
church. Hence ho lias been driven to 
Btniggle for religious influence among the 
Greeks of Turkey, not so much in his 
theocratic character, as by intrigues of detail, 
from matters of the internal adminntiation 
of some petty convent, to the nomination of 
the patriarch, or the use of his ^tronage. 
Those intrigues provoked the Hatti-dierif of 
1 836, which reserved to the Sultan the rigl\t 
of confirming or revoking all nominations to 
episcopal sees, made by the patriarch of the 
Holy Synod. At the same time, to make 
amends for this stretch of authority, it was 
promised that no acting Bishop should be 
deposed by the Turkish ministers arbitrarily, 
or without prior advice of the Holy Synod, 
The practical purpose of Prince Menschlkofl's 
famous mission would seem to be the trans- 
ferring from the Sultan to the Czar the 
authority the latter had begun to exercise 
over the ecclesiastical organization of his 
Christian subjects. At least, this is the 
interpretation which wo are inclined to put 
upon that innocent diplomatic phrase, ' the 
guaranteeing the immnnities of the Greek 
church.' " 

The anti-christian character of the religion 
of the Russians appears obviously in the 
national catechism. In the Sunday School 
Teachers' Magazine for March^ a writer con- 
versant with the subject says : — 

*• While the professors of the Greek fiiith 
in Russia are the most superstitious of the 
nations of Europe, they are the most heed- 
less and contemptuous of their religious 
chiefs. While the people repeat in their 
catechisms that the emperor is the vicegerent 
of God, a synod, presided over by a lieu- 
tenant-general, decides upon ecclesiastical 
aflairs. The priests are paid their stipendi 
from the public treasury ; they receive rank 
according to military routine, and, officiating 
at the altar, they are decorated with the 
insignia of the military orden. This priest- 
hood, teaching the nation that the will of the 



EDITORIAL POSTSORltT. 



230 



emperor is the only law, the only means by 
which tbev can be blameless in this world, or 
sand in the next, are also used'to admhiister 
to the enormous mass of men constituting the 
armv of Russia the oath to extend its iron- 
tier ! The following extracts from the 
'Russian Catechism' ^1 verify these re- 
marks:- 

** * Q. dow is the authority of the emperor 
to be considered in reference' to the spirit of 
Christianity? — A* As proceeding immediately 
from God. 

** * Q. What duties does religion teach us, 
ihe humble subjects of his Majesty, the 
Emperor of Rusoa, to practise towards him ? 
^^. Wonhip, obedience, fidelity, the pay- 
ment of taxea^ service, love, and prayer ; the 
whole being comprised in the words worship 
and fideUty. 

*' ' Q. Wherein does this worship connst, 
snd how should it be manifested? — A, By 
the molt unquallfiedl reverence in words, 
gestures, demeanour, thoughts, and actions. 

"* Q. Wnat kind of ob^cnce do wc owe 
Mm \^A, An entire, passive, and unbounded 
obedienee in every pomt of view. 

**' Q. In what consists the fidelity we 'owe 
to the emperor \ — A, In executing his com- 
mends inoit rieorons]^ without examination ; 
fai pcribnning tne duties he reouires fit)m us, 
sod in doing everything willingly without 
ninmaring. 

« ' Q. Wnat are the supematurally revealed 
molives )br this worship (of the emperor)} — 
i. Hie supematurally revealed motives are, 
that the emperor is the vicegerent and minis- 
ter of God, to execute the <&vinc commands; 
snd, consequently, disobedience to the em- 
peror IB identified with disobedience to God 
iiimself; that God will reward us in the 
world to come for the worship and obedience 
we render the emperor, and punish us severely 
to all eternity should wo disobey or neglect 
to worship him. Moreover, Qod commands 
in to love and obey, from the inmost recesses 
of the heart, every authority, and particularly 
Ibe emperor; not from worliily consideration, 
but from apptchenuon of the final judgment. 
**Q. What books prescribe these duties? 
—4. The New and Old Testaments, and 
particularlir the i?8alm8, Gospels, and Apos- 
tolic fepislles. 

** * Q. What examples confirm this doc- 
trine! — A, The example of Jesus Christ 
Idmself, who lived and died in allegiance to 
the emperor of Rome, and respectfully sub- 
letted to the judgment which condemned 
Him to death.' 

" In the printing of the catechism, the words 
'God' and the *Kxperor' arc printed in 
lar|e letters ; the name of ' Christ ' in small. 
This was the catechism that the Roman 
catholic Polish children were constrained to 
Warn, and bv which constraint the treaty of 
Vienna is wholly violated, even hstd. it been 
pRsened in ali other nepecta. 



• "If nnvthing can be worse than the 
Popery of llome, is it not a system like this ? " 

To ihe Editor of ifie Daptitt Magazine, 

Dear Sir, — Some time since you inserted 
my request for " a few reasons cither for or 
against CHiristians attending concerts." Your 
correspondents did not ftivour me with a 
reply ; but 1 should be obliged by your allow- 
ing me again to introduce the subject by 
proposing the four following questions: — 

I. Is music in itself a proper subject for a 
Christian^ study 1 

Ist. Instrumental. 
2nd. Sacred. 
3rd. Secular. 

II. If it is, how fiur Lb he justified in 
attending concerts (whether sacred, secular, 
or instrumental), considered in the abstract ? 

III. How fiir do the present mode of con- 
ducting concerts, — the course of education 
pursued by public musici;ins, — the character 
of the performers, kc, alter the case? 

IV. In what way should music be intro- 
duced in public and &niily worship t 

I remain, dear sir. 

Yours respectfully, 

M. H. W. 






EDITORIAL POSTSCRIPT. 

As a chronological list of the meetings 
connected with our denomination which are 
to be held in London the latter part of this 
month may bo convenient to some of our 
readers, wc give the particulars as far as we 
are able to ascertain them. 

The brethren who are uniteil in the main- 
tenance of strict communion principles, 
anxious that their meetings should not clash 
with those of other institutions, iis has some- 
times been the case, have arrangetl that they 
shall be held this year earlier than usual. 
Their societies are, the *' Strict Baptist 
Society for Missionary and Educational pur- 
poses,'' and the "Baptist Tract Society." 
The Ciieneral Meeting of the Messengers and 
8ubscril>ere to the former is to he held in 
Trinity Chapel, South wark, on Tuesday 
afternoon, xVpril 18th, at half-past three 
o'clock ; and on the following evening, Wed- 
nesday, a I'ublic Meeting will be held in the 
same place, at lialf-past six. 

Tknnday^ April 20f/i. 

The prayer-meeting in the library of the 
Mission House for a t)lea6inf; on the ensuing 
meetings of the various societies, is to com- 
mence at eleven o'clock in the forenoon. 
The llev. Jonathan Watson of Edinburgh is 
expected to preside. 

The thirteenth Annual Meeting of the 
Baptist Tract Society is to \»c htt\d lu Yia^N*^ 
Street Cha}>el in the evening, \\\e cW\t Vc\V*^i 
Uken at half-past six by Ro\>ci\ Lvib\\, Ya^v* 



240 



EDITORIAL POSTSCRIPT. 



At eight o'clock, the same evening, a 
dermon is to be addreesed to Young Men, on 
behalf of [Baptist Minions, bj the Rev. 
Isaac New ^of Birmingham, in the Poultry 
Chapel. 

Fridajf, AprU 2\ii. 

The forty-second 'Annual ^esiion of the 
Baptist Union is to be held at the Mission 
House, 33, Moorgate Street, at ten o'clock : 
an introductory address to be deliTered by 
the Rev. James Hoby, D.D. 

In the evening, at seven, worship will 
begin at Devonshire Square Chapel, Bishops- 
gate Street, when a sermon on behalf of the 
Baptist Irish Society is to be delivered by 
the Rev. Hugh Stowell Brown of Liverpool. 

Lorttt dap, April 23r</. 

Sennons and Collections for the Baptist 
Missionary Society are expected at baptist 
places of worship in and near the metropolis, 
a list of which may be found in the Mianon- 
ary Herald. 

Monday, April 24/A. 

In the forenoon, at eleven, the annual 
private Meeting of members of the Baptist 
Irish Society for the transaction of business 
will be held at the Mission House. 

In the evening, at half-past six, the 
Annual Public Meeting of the Baptist 
Home Missionary Society will be held at 
Finsbury Chapel. As the meetings on 
Monday and Tuesday evening last year 
were held in a different place, it is desirable 
to notice particularly the change. The 
platform at Finsbury chapel, which had 
been thought objectionable, is to be altered 
before these meetings occur, lo as to render 
the place commodious as well as spacious. 

Tuesday, April 25(A. 

In the^moming, at ten, the annual private 
meeting of members of the Baptist Mission- 
ary Society will be held for the transaction 
of business at the^Mission House. 

In the evening, at half-past six, the annual 
public meeting of the Baptist Irish Society 
will be held in Finsbury Chapel : the chair 
to be taken by Richard^ Foster, Esq., of 
Cambridge. 

Wednesday, April 26th, 

In the morning, at eleven, service will 
commence at Bloomsbury Chapel, when a 
sermon on behalf of the Baptist Missionary 
Society is to be preached by the Uev. 
Edward Steane, D.D.^ of Camberwell. 

In the evening, the designation of three 
missionaries for ^ India is to^ take place in 
Surrey Chapel, BlackfKars Road, South- 
wark : service to commence at half-past six. 

Thursday, April 21th. 

At eleven, the Annual Public Meeting of 
the Baptist MituoDary Society is to be held 



in Exeter Hall, S. M. Peto, Esq., M.P., to 

preside. 

In the evening, the annual m««ting of 
the Bible Translation Society will be held 
in Bloomsbury Chapel. 

Friday, AprU 2Sth. 

A public ''meeting of the Metropolitan 
Chapel Building Society is to be held in 
Bloomsbury Chapel, the chair to be taken at 
seven o'clock. This Society is erecting a 
substantial and commodious building in 
Camden Road, Camden Town. [See Bap- 
tist Magazine, 1853, p. 712.] We are 
informed also that eligible plots of gromid 
have been secured in other parts of the 
metropolis, and that the Committee only 
want the pecuniary aid of their friends to 
enable them to proceed with other undo- 
takings. 

An esteemed correspondent says, " Having 
recently settled in this neighbourhood, I 
have been gratified at its improving aspect in 
reference to the accommodation ibr the 
public worship of dissenters. Many of 
those who had fixed their residence here 
were accustomed to travel to town on the 
Lord'to day, to worriiip in places that had 
become endeared to them by early and long 
cherished associations. Others, and pro- 
bably the much larger number, joined the 
worship of the established church." He 
then proceeds to speak of the band of Chris- 
tian friends with whom he is associated— of 
the exertions they have made— of the need 
of assistance from non-residents — and of the 
opportunity afforded to any who may be 
seeking a suburban home to co-operate in 
their attempt to enlaige the boundvies of 
the Redeemer's kingdom. All this is ex- 
cellent ; and so long as it is not known 
whether it comes from Lee, or from Dalstoo, 
or from Islington, or fh>m Westboume 
Grove, or from Camberwell Grate, or from 
Stratford, or from Twickenham, or fh>m 
three or four other places, its appearance 
in our pages is unobjectionable. But if we 
were to allow him to plead Uie cause of one, 
any one. What would equity demand on 
behalf of the others ? And how should we 
be able to iace the unnumbered writes to 
whom we have said in timepast that diapel 
cases cannot be inserted in the body of the 
work ? Heartily do we wish that those who 
have ability to do so may exert themselves 
to aid to the utmost such laudable undertak* 
ings; — undertakings the importance of which 
no one can estimate who is not practically 
acquainted with the peculiarities of the 
metropolis and its environs. Heartily do we 
second his exhortation to all who are selecting 
residences, to place themselves where they 
will have opportunity to strengthen the 
hands of those who are endeavouring to 
( maintain and promulgate the truth. 



lEISH CHKONICLE. 



APRIL, 1854. 



APPROACHING MEETINGS. 

DjKVOiraHiBB Sqitass Ohapbl has again been kindly granted for the Ann^i ai 
Sermon on behalf of the Baptist Irish Society on Friday evening, April 2l8t ; 
and the Rev. Hugh Stowsll Brown of Liverpool has consented to preach. The 
service is to commence at seven o'clock. 

The Pbitats Meeting of Members of the Society is to be held in the Library 
of the Mission House, 33, Moorgate Street, on Monday, April 24th, the chair to 
be taken at deven o'clock. The Roles enacted at the General meeting in 1847, 
in conformity with which this meeting is convened, are the following : 

Thai a Genenl Meeting of the Meroben of the Society be held erery year, at which the 
pneee^nga of the past year shall be reported, and the officers chosen for the year ensuing. 

Thai crety person subscribing ten shillings and sixpence a year, or upwards, and erery Baptist 
ICaisler making an annoal contribntion or collection for the Society, be considered members 
thocoi: 

m 

That a Donor of ten guineas or upwards at one time be a Member of this Society for life. 

It is always desirable that there should be at this meeting a large attendance 
of persons entitled to vote and to take part in its proceedings; that is, of all 
donors of ten guineas or upwards at one time ; all subscribers of ten shillings 
and sixpence a year, or upwards ; and every baptist minister making an annual 
contribution or collection for the Society. 

FiHSBiTRT Chapel is engaged for the Public Meeting, which is to be held on 
Tuesday evening, April 25th, when the chair is to be taken at half-past six 
o'clock, by Richabd Foster, Esq. of Cambridge. 



CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED SINCE OUR LAST. 



£ 9. d, £ s. d. 

Aaonynioiis 5 

MitthewTl.3 10 

AeeringUm. bj Mr. O. Marshall— 

CoUeetion 4 3 6 

BhtUnM. P. Cadby, E«q 110 

BteMtar, Mr. Joshna Smith 10 

Bow.lUMHanUj 1 

BoDMrt, Herts, by Rev. H. P. Pratten— 

PatUn, BeT. B. P 10 

Rdd, Mr 10 

OoUceUon 1 10 4 

3 4 

BnttOB, bf JothoA WhiUker, Esq.— 

AndsTwrn. Mr ff 

Blstch. Miss 10 

Bnot^Mr. 5 

SstTw,Mr. 2 

liltv, Misi 2 I 



£ 9. cL 

WhiUker, Mrs 10 

WhiUker, J.. Esq 10 

WhlUker, Mr. T 10 

WhiUker, J. 8., box hj 1 12 2 

CoUeetion 1 12 6 



£ 9,d. 



Bridgcnorth, D. Allender, Esq 1 

Bristol, Lsonard, Mr. O. H 1 

Brixham, Deron, by Bev. M. Saunders ... 1 
Brompton — 

Bigwood, Rev. J 110 

Hemming, Mr 5 

Camberwell, by Miss K. Watson 6 

Cambridge, W. B. LiUey. Esq 25 

Cbadlington, bv Rer. T. Bden J 

Corentry, by Mr. Heciy Newsom^^ 

FranklUi, Mrs 5 (k 

Franklin, Mr. W., Wo 7«txi 10 



7 1fi 


10 



6 
7 

2 



8 







6 

6 



IBISH OHBOHICLE. 



■lkU,Mr.tlBM.._..„..„.. 110 

B t 

Dtnnpcirt, CollMllun lij BtT. R W. , , 

OT«Am7 ._ „ 1 17 



iw^oi, }. a, Emi. . 



MMUMat hf Bh- D. Oniild— 



AFrtittd „ 

CItrt Bit Mant) 



iintMrliln, MIh 

AHMMffi; IIIU t. O. 

ai^MTitui'.'.'.!!"'.'." 



9 IS m 

XuimU.ColMeMiflcrnqnHMdtiii a 10 
Vtotaa, ^Un* LuMv B«T. CI. HUdMltok— 

CollBCtlOD .,.. 3 

«r»^Ml» S 4 



£;^,Ss,^riK;v: 



OntlMCodbf hIhjL Mnndaj .. 
HuUnElmi, br tl«i.W F^tntl— 

CoUaeUoDuid EobicilpUoDi 
Birertonl Won. bjVf. Bssa, Eu.— 

Rttt, W^ Ku. k 

WalUin,J. W.,B*1 1 



Blppcr, Mr 



Tworrionifc-,... 

VdUmtn. Bar. J 

iralb; KIN » 



• > • 

• to 



KluEstboip-, IfT Mr. W. Onij— 



SK 



luUigtuii, iirti. 

^viMlLMr.B..... 



. » I 
10 

. 1 • • 

S.ii 



on, Mr. TI 

ooidiiw. Mr. a 

liuubtOT " ' 



HsnibHB. turn ~~. < 

tlOnHlMi. JTiH „...,.. ]( 

ESfSt.' ! 



8* I 
t 

. I ■ • 




MeULihun. br J. L. PUUIpi. Etq.— 
fowle/.Ulif...\.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.Z'. I 

PhiufM'; i-, ■>!■»...:■. 1 

Pwedi. Mt...u. _ « 

Bioilfc, Mr.J.H. „_ 1 

gmllll. ilr.Rlcliud 



Venbon, M UM. HiMtDB— 
AnATi!t,llr,J*IDM,... 
Amlrewi.Hr.Eiliniuid..,. 



idwu^, Ura. ..., 
nstaliu. Mn. .... 



HnitMin. Mn"k'."!. 
Ombonr, B*T- f- 
PuL Hlit, HoOn 
¥tMiW,lln. 



1 • 

M i 



4?4qk \W4^ 



m 



[r. .... 



10 

• 1' • 
} p 

• t f 

5 



Strto. 

the B«T. W. F. BnrelMU^ 

1 7' 10 

T%Un, 1 Q 

BeT. W. P 10 

Mr.Juut S 

I«iuT, Biq 00 

>d, Mr. GSuulM ... 1 1 

Ml, Kr. 1mm I 

Hi, ICr. WilUam ... 10 

'. Sdnrand 1 

i, MZi TbomM 

iMi, Mr. JamM .« S 

Mr. J(dui 5 





« 

1 



1 









J 



Q 

6 

6 




JeffiriM, Ifr. W.... 4 M 

PuBon^ lir. C. .„ 1 f* 

SmithTlfittUrC.. # 9 » 

Steren^ MMt P.. 6 T 

Collection ^ 



£ ». d. £ i. d, £i.cr. 



1 6 tt 

Wftlllogford, additioiul ^... M 6 

Walthjun A^bej^ 

CoUeetion m..m... 



62 5 10 
go Foeter, Biq 50 

f Ber. S. B. Fxmnoii— 



Mr. 



Mr....« ;..... 

ir. 

MIti BU«i;-Gol- 
^ 



5 

10 

6 
S 

1 
4 18 









4 



Rft lor iHt- P- i^t 



Bo4» Mn. BiTet....M 
f Ber. R Wallace- 

1. Mlsa 


16 

1 15 

18 

1 4 
3 6 


•• 




Mias .... 




t 


U, Miaa . 







Miaa.... 





















8 Ifl 4 
4 4 8 
10 



Windaor^ 



Lillyorop, Ber. 8 10 

LlUjerop, Ifrf ^ 6 V (j 



I « 



Ml • 



SCQTHVP* 



Cupar, Fife, bj Bar. Darid Di 
Donean, Ber. Darld 



edged pre- 

r ............ S 6 

I 3 



7 10 8 



3 9 



4 10 8 



Back Street, bj Bar. 

llr. 

Ir 

I. Mr. H 

I, Mr. J. 

Mr.V.*.V.'"V.V.'.V.V.V.V 
on, Mr. {i yeara) ... 

Mr. 

ttb, Mr. 

,, Mr. J., Mn 

I, Mr. J.Jun 

I, Mr. 8 

Mr. R 

r. 

Ir. J. 
ohn... 
Mr. .. 
4i8a.. 
In... 



W. Bamea— 
5 






1 


1 
1 



S 
5 
5 

1 
8 
5 
1 
1 



10 
10 
5 



•••••«•••••••••••• 



XTm ■! • ••••••••••••■•• t»* 

b. Mra 

b, Mr. J. P 

ta, Mr. 

Ifr. James 

kbool boys 

'nary boxes— 
D, Mrs. J. 
Di Mrs. ... 
{, Mr. J... 
kterJMr.S. 
. Maat.T. 









6 


1 
1 






1 
1 

2 
5 
1 
2 

2 
1 

1 
5 



6 



6 






u 


6 
6 


6 

6 







anctii* 

^ .TmiO Q 

Orelg, Thomiia, Bag. 10 

Sharp. 41«zaad«i; Bag.. 9 4^ 8 

Colleetioii .•.•••....M«..M*....M I C| u 

■ ■ • 

llaanm. 1^ Bar. Pr. Jamaa PAtanott* 
CoUeetion at Hope Straat 

Chapel ; 9U 

Voted 'Iqr the ehsrch at * ^ 
Hope StrceL out of a ftaad 
annually ooueeted for inia- 
aionaxy puipoaea.......»... li 

Anderaon, Alaz., Baq....^..: ' 

AnderMO, Jamaa, Baq ;. 

Anderaon, Sir Jamais M.P. . 

Barr, JohLBaq. :^ 1 

Campbell, WlUlam, Baq. ... 1 
Nunamith, Andrew, Baq. ... 10 
Smith, Meaara. Darid and 

"JWkn r. 1 

Smith, Meaara. Oeoige and 

Sona 3 3 

Wrtflht, John, Baq...M....«... 1 Q 



4 « 




8 


i 











80 5 6 



.....•••• 



15 2 



1 2 
6 

2 Ok 
2 
1 H 



IRBI^NB. 

Athlone, by Ber. Thomaa Berry- 
Allen. Mr. George ..... 
Ardell, Miaa, Card .... 
Bagnall, Misa, Card..... 

BJignall, Mrs. 

BagnaU, Miaa , 

Bagnall, Blaster John., 

Banka, Mra. 

Beny, Bar. Thomaa .....i.;. 
Beny, Mia* .m.................. 

gecty , Kate Anne 

Deny, Bebeooa........ .m 

Berry, Margaret 

Berry, Thoaoaa. 

Berry, Jane 

Berry, Badiel 

Berry, Fliaa 

Berrr, Georg e 

Boothe, Mra............. 

Browne, Mr., National Bank 

Browne, Seijeant 

Browne, Mr. W 

Buck, Miaa 

Buxmasb Thomaa, Baq. 

Caulfleld, Captain, ■ The 

Ifoorinp S 

Constable, Mra 1 

Cubbita, Miaa 1 

DeUha, Mr 2 

Drought, Mra. 15 

EngUsb, Mrs. 2 

Bngliah, Mr. Robert 3 10 

Flamming, Mr 2 

Flood, Misa, Card 10 

Fox, Mra. i <& 

OaUagher, Mr« 15 



10 

8 

1 1 
2 
2 
2 
1 
5 

5 
S 

s 

S 

t 
s 

2 

2 
2 
1 

S 
1 
1 
1 















10 





6 
6 
6 
6 

6 


! 

f 

I 

6 






9 

J 




6 


6 



244 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 



£«.(£. £ i. d. 

Onjdon, Ca|H<^ii, B.A 10 

Hare, Mn ^ Iff 

Uaj, WUliam, Esq., Pro- 

▼ineUl Bank 2 

HaaUr, H. H., Esq., Bash- 

field Arenae 10 

Hetherinffton, Oaorse, Esq., 

M.D..r. !. ff 

Hogg. Mr. Hogfa ff 

HoRon, Mr. John 2 6 

Holton, Mr. WllUam 10 

Jonaa, Mr., Qnartannastar 

SSrd Regiment 2 C 

Judge, Maanre 2 

Laat,Dr. 2 

Martin. Mr. J 1 10 

McNamara, Mr. Ranaleigti 2 6 

McNamara. Mr. Alexander 2 6 

Mojnan,Mr. 2 

Mnrraj, Mr. Patrick 5 

Naab, MiaaC 2 6 

Nelligan, J., Eaq., M.D 2 

OliT^Mr 2 6 

Ormabr, Mra., The Retreat 10 

Payne, Mr 2 6 

Peaeoek, Mr 10 

Peake. Mr 10 

Pell, Mr 11 

PeiOT, Un. 12 

Poe, Mr 1 6 

Points, Dr 2 6 

Potta,Miai ....M 3 

Potta, William, Eaq 8 

Pretty, Miu Emma 110 

Qoinn, Sarieant 10 

BobinwDTMr 2 



£ CL d . £ $ 

Sealy, Mn 2 6 

Sharply, Mr 10 

Smith, Mrs. 7 

Smith, Mr 2 6 

Smythe. Henry, Esq., J.P... 5 

Sproole, Mrs 17 6 

Sproole, Mr. WUUam 5 

Stokes, Mr. 12 6 

Swaine, J.. Esq. 2 C 

Walker, Misa Mary 5 2 

Walker, Catherine 10 

WaUh, Mr. Michael 5 

Wilson, Mrs 6 

Wilson, Mr. W 1 

Woods, Mr. Edward 2 6 

28 7 5 
Acknowledged last month... 4 16 

23 11 



INDIA. 
Mr. and Mrs. E ^..^. S3 6 

AFRICA. 
Qimham's Town, Mr. T. Wilton, 9 ymn... 3 3 



LEGACY. 

The late Mr. George WalUa Knighton, 
paid by his tsther, Mr. Tbonaa Knigh- 
ton, of Stony Stratford, Boeka, Bneutor 60 



Thanks are presented to the Committee of the Weekly Tract Society for 2000 Tracts; 
the Committee^ of the Baptist Tract Society, for one pound's worth of Tracts for Id 
Crossbie of Waterford; and to Mrs. Coxhead of Newbury for a parcel containing books f 
clothing. 



Contributions to the Baptist Irish Society which have been received on or beforo the 2 
of the month, are acknowledced in the ensuing Chronicle. If, at any time, a donor fi 
that a sum which he forwarded early enough to be mentioned is not specified, or if 
inserted correctly, the Secretary will be particularly obliged by a note to that effect 
this, if sent immediately, may rectify errors and prevent losses which would be othen 
iiremediable. 



SUBSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS will be thankfully received by the Treaai 
Thomas Pewtbbsb, Esq., or the Secretary, the Rev. Wiluam Gboseb, at the Misi 
House, 88, Moorgate Street ; by the London Collector, Rev. C. Woollacott, 4, Comp 
Street £ai^ Brtmswick Square; and by the Baptist Ministers in any of our principal Tov 



THE MISSIONAEY HERALD. 




JAFAHESE DI7IMITY. 



2^16 



THE MISSIONARY UERALD 



ANNUAL SEBVICES 

OF THE BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY FOR 1854. 



THURSDAY, APRIL 20rn. 

SPECIAL PRAYER MEETING. 

A meeting for Special Prateb, in connexion with the Missions, will be held 
in the Library of the Mission House, in the morning at eleven o'clock. The 
Rev. JovATHAif Watson of Edinburgh will preside. 

SERMON TO YOUNG MEN. 

In the •Ttning of the above day, the Annual Sermon to Tavilf Men will be 
preached at Poultry Ohapel, by the Rev. Isaac New of Birmilighiin 
Service to oommencQ at eight o'clock. 



LORD'S DAY, APBIL 2&m. 

ANNUAL SERMONS. 

The following are the arrangement^ ao far aa they have betn odmpleted, for 
April 23rd. 
The alUmoon services marked thus ^ are intended for the young. 



nUAOBi. 



Alfred PlaM^ Kml B(wd 
Ali« Stftetp Uttk ........ 

Alptrtoa 

Battenea 



Bltekhcftth, Dmk Ptek Cbapd Btr. F. WiUs 



Blaadfotd Strett 
Blooaubaiy ...... 

B«w 

BnatuMdy New 
Brompton ..,.• .,• 
CambenrtU '...... 



Camden Town, Hawlej Boid Rev. J. Taylor 



Chelsea, ParadiN Chapd .. 
Church Strttt, Blackftkit.. 
Collier^ B«ftt% Boro' 

Crayford .,.m. «.. 

Dalston, Qaeen*i Road ••••• 
Oeptford, Lower Boad ..... 
Devonshire Square 



MOBNINO. 



RtT. W, Tming...... 

Rer.CJJilidkdHGh 
... ... ... •*• 

Bev. Jas. Bdwaidi. 



•«•*•. 



RffT. J. J. BiOWBm.. 
BcT. w^. Brock ...M. 
Btr. D. Waatall 
Btv. T. Lomas 
B«?. F. Trestnll ... 
Ber. H. Dowaon «... 



.«.••• 



•....•••* 



Bav. J. Stent . 
Bav. O. Coltk......... 



AtTEBHOOH. 



•*• ... ... •*• 

R«T.B^. Marten, >.▲.* 

••• ••• ... ••. 

Bar. 1. M. Soak* 

... ... ... •*. 

... •*. .«• ... 
Btv. W. Broek* .. 



BVEHIHG. 



... ••• 



I. ••. 



• • ••• ... 



... ••• ... 



Btv. J. JFL AndenoB 
Bav. 9» Rijaaftf tLA, 
Bar. J. Kings&id... 

ReT.J.H.Hlnton^.A 
nnjrton. West , Rcy. J.AV. Lance..,. 



Bev. J.Bigwood*.. 

Bev. 1. Angoi^ d.d.* 

..• ••. ••• ••• 

... ... «•• •.• 

... ... ».. ... 

Rev. D. BTana . 

M« .•• ..a ... 

... .*• ... •.« 

... ... «•. •.• 

... ... ... ... 

... *•• •«. «*. 



Rev. W. Tming. 
ReT. B. Ftobert. 
ReT. £. Bitria. 
Ber. N. Ha|«irfU ^-^ 
Bev. D. JeaalBgi. 
Bev. T. Wfaila^ 
Bev. H.&BMVB. 
Bev. D. WaieilL 
Bev.T.IiMMk 
Bev. J. Steal. 
Rer. C. M. BiRiD. 
Rer. E. Wkitt. 
Rev. T. J. Cole. 
Bev. Joha Branch. 

Bev. J. H. Anderson. 
Rev. J. J. Brown. 
Elev. B. Evans. 
Rev. J. Watson. 
Ra^. J. W. Lance. 



FOR APRIL, I8M. 






EigleStlttt 

Eiaoa Strett (Wd.h) 

Gn>«md.., .„„. 

GncDwich, LtwUhun Boad . 

HiBratmnitb 



*. R.W.O.erbnrj 

.. D. Willijinl... 
J, T. A. VilutUT 
r. J. WstMB 



BirSog(aii '. 



, BBttNlUd StrMl... 



IilkgtOB, CrdM BtfcM 

Jo^ Stnet, Bedfbnl Row.... 
EtuaiDgton, CWIh Street . 

Kaal Green 



Rn Pwk StiMt... 



Smood, Upper 

Pcjltr 

fmcot Smel, Uttlc 

Efpiit Street, Lunbeth... 

Boofijrd 

Wtoi'H*!) 

eiicUewen 



7.C. M. BirreU... 
T.C. U. HtnooK 

T. B. Mortij .,„ 
•.T. Wiolet.... 
r. D. EfUi .... 



r. T. Jnnci 

T. J. F. Spuke... 

T. S. Uuuiing ,,.. 

T. J. Ijmith 

T. E. HulL 

V. E. Probcrt ,.., 



Rev. D. K«Hi 
Rer. C. U. Hucoart 



T. II. 8. Brown... 
r. F, Omrbury ., 
r. J. Bubnn 



SmiLUiua Street, Fsddiiigtoa 

^poej Cotlege Cbapel 

iOuSari 



Rev. T. J. Cole* 

Ur. F. B»roii* .... 

W.O.LniUJoi 



Do., Sod chordi . 



Tooiiii Chipcl 

Vilnntb, Lion Street , 

*^>roith, Honief Street ... 

'fW Street, Little , 

''ollMnrnc GioTe , 



•- D. Jenningi... 
t. J. T. Wigner... 

T.J. Price 

r. W. Luddi.... 

V. 8. Cos 

-. B. E™ 

V. T. WilVinMn.. 
T. J. Hohjj D.D,. 

T. C. WwillMOtt. 

r. A, McUreo ... 



O, Clwkt* 
ItrT. J. Corwen' 



Rev. F. Wmi. 
Be*, D, Et*di. 

T, A. WliMlw. 
Re*. J. RuimII. 
A. tichtntt, 

Re*. W. HoWnion. 

Re*. C. H. Hucoort. 

G. W»ra. 

Re*. J, Price. 
Be*. J. W«J*, 

tU*. W. lAeitU, 
HDD. ind RcT. B. W. 

I4oeJ, M.A. 
Rer. T. Jonei. 
Rer, J. F. Spuk*. 

0**. T. ViUMMW. 
an.B-B.lUifin.P.A. 
Rer. J. Smilli. 
Re*. £. BnU. 

D. Wittaw 
Oe*. C. Sto*el. 
&<T. J. T. Wigut. 

F. Overbnij. 
ItcT. B. Mummg. 

S. Coi. 
RcT.R.W. Oieibnir. 
Re*. □, DtmMD- 
fte*. T. Peten. 
BfT.J.C.Mi|ldleditch 
IUt. B, ISoTiu 
R««. 3. Diew. 

Ju. Edvud*. 

G. Cole. 
Re*. D. Reel. 

C. Woollmcott. 
HeT.W.ClewiM". 



H^. Qflkatiim wiJl be m3« nfter Hum wrv'iw- 



248 THE MISSIONARY HERALD 

TUESDAY, APBIL 26th. 

ANNUAL MEMBERI^ MEETING. 

The Annual General Meeting of Members of the Society wUl be held in 
lAbraiy at the Mission House. Chair to be taken at ten o'clock. 

This meeting is for members only. All subscribers of 10s. 6d. or upwards, donors of £1 
apwards, pastors of churches which make an annual contribution, or ministers who collect anni 
for the Societj, and one of the executors on the payment of a legacy of £50 or upward«j 
entitled to attend. 



WEDNESDAY, APEIL 26th. 

ANNUAL MORNING SERMON. 

The Committee announce with pleasure that the Rev. Edward Steake, I 
of Camberwell, will preach the Annual Morning Sermon on behalf of 
Society, at Blooxsbubt Chapbl. Service to commence at eleven o'clock. 

EVENING. 

D18IGNATI0N OF MIS8IOHA21IB8. 

Instead of the usual evening sermon, the Committee have arranged fc 
Special service at Surrey Chapel, to commend to the divine blessing the foil 
ing brethren about to enter on missionary service in India, as the first-fruiti 
the proposed enlargement of the Societjr's mission in that important field 
The Rev. JoHir Gbboson, late of Beverley; Mr. J. H. Andebson; and 
Thos. Mabtin. 

The following ministers have kindly consented to take part in this service 
The Revs. William Brock ; Hugh Stowbll Bbown ; John Howard Hiic 
M.A. ; Thomas Winter. 

Service to commence at half-past six. 



THUESDAY, APEIL 27th. 

PUBLIC MEETING AT EXETER HALL. 

The Annual Public Meeting of the Society will bo held as usual in Ex 
Hall, at which S. M. Peto, Esq., M.P., one of the Treasurers of the Soc; 
has kindly consented to preside. 

Chair to be taken at eleven o'clock. 

Tickets for the Meeting may be obtained at the Mission House, or at 
vestries of the various chapels. 



AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 

OENBRAL VIEW 1853—4. 



The attention of our transatlantic 
brethren has been naturally awakened 
to the changes and revolutions which 
are going on in the old world. They 



of yet greater changes in time to cc 
Asia, for so many centuries fixed 
unimpressible, like a colossal emblei 
almost stagnant life, is the theatn 



Mv regarded by them as the harbingersl revolatVoTv. '&QLtov^\a ^j^;^ threatc 



FOE APRIL, 1854. 



249 



'With convuIflioiL These movements 
only faintly indicate the heayings up of 
the sea of human opinion, which is 
more restless and agitated than ever. 
Ko one can tell [in what they may 
result, and the directors of the Union 
look with deep anxiety on their mis- 
dons, and from their records in relation 
to this subject we present our readers 
with the following abbremted survey. 

BUBMAH. 

Here the greatest force is concen- 
trated, and we see the missions enteruig 
upon a new era, opened by the sudden 
enlargement of their field of operations. 
^ The conquest of Southern Burmah 
is indeed incomplete — ^the peace lately 
proclaimed was but a hollow truce, and 
the calamities of war are renewed for a 
seuon. But enough is gained to give 
the missions access to a numerous popu- 
lation hitherto unapproachable. In 
anticipation of this result, the whole 
body of missionaries have ^been con- 
Tmed to review their labours, to com- 
pare their experience, and to devise 
measures at once for extending their 
lines of occupation, and for acting with 
increased efficiency and unity of plan. 
Resources^accumulated within the nar- 
row limits of Tenasserim and Arracan 
are now available for the populous 
interior of the country. It was felt that 
the set time had come for an advance 
movement. But while competent and 
&ithful translators had opened the 
Scriptures to both the Burmans and 
Karens with a clearness that leaves 
Kttle to be expected from proeent 
rerision ; while the presfi hod multiplied 
copies, ready for hhe widest distribution 
which should appear practicable and 
expedient ; and while a hopeful body of; 
native pastors and evangelists was. 
raised up; it was made manifest thatj 
the most imperative want — that of men | 
<tQalified to lead the. advance—could be , 
^ imperfectly supplied. Jt was neocs- j 



sary to spare from the older stations as 
many missionaries, and to disperse them 
as widely as the nature of the case would 
admit, trusting in Him who is able to 
save by many or by few, to make the 
feeblest labours effectual and to raise 
up the needed succours frx>m the Ame- 
rican churches." 

We are sorry to learn that this most 
important and interesting mission has 
suffered much from the prevalence of 
sickness among the brethren. With 
one exception, they have been in 
the field for years — some for maliy 
years of severe and useful labour. Mr. 
Nisbet was arrested by sickness on the 
threshold of his work, and warned to 
retire'; but before he could leave, Mrs. 
Nisbet was removed by sudden death. 
One brother, who had been home for 
the recovery of health, was about to 
return, and two others had been recently 
appointed to stations in Burmah. 

" While, however, attention has been 
so fixed on plans for the future, the 
ordinary labours at stations already 
established have gone* forward with 
general prosperity. The native churches 
have shown a high degree of stability, 
the native preachers of zeal ; and the 
divine blessing has given effect to 
their efforts in co-operation with the 
missionaries. In Rangoon and Bassein 
particularly, there has been a large 
ingathering of converts. The present 
season is witnessing, i* niay be hoped, 
the beginninir *>^ *^<>8e more extended 
effort* ^^ the evangelization of Burmah 
indicated in the foregoing list .of sta- 
tions, of which we shall look to hear 
encouraging results during the year on 
which we have entered." 

SIAM. 

This mission has experienced no 
outward change. Its work has ad- 
vanced, not rapidly, as compared with 
some older and more favoured, but 
surely and hopefully. "A. i^vf Q0TiNv2t\», 



900 



THE MISSIOITAllT HERALD 



m ft w promidng inquiivn, an interett- 
ing churoh', steadfast amidst the flood 
of heathenism-— who shall despise the 
day of small things ? Mr. Ohandler is 
abont returning, with the Rev. Robert 
IWord as a colleague for Mr. Ashmore 
in the CSiinese department. The Siam- 
ese department needs an inorease of 
labourers. When the whole kingdom is 
open to the Christian preaoher, the men 
■houM not be wanting to go through 
the land with the message of salTation.** 
The rast fields for missionary opera- 
tioaa which lie eastward of Hindostan 
and Bannah|haTe attracted the same 
deep attention in America as in Qreat 
Britain* The same sort of preparation 
fbr occupying them is going on among 
our American brethnn, which is being 
taiade in this country. Hence^ in a 
reTiew of tiie mission field, they rdte 
With inteoreet and hope to 

OHIITA. 

** (SiSnai now in the throes of a tevo- 
l^tion in which the influence of a few 
Imperfectly apprehended Christian ideas 
is strikingly manifest, is attracting to 
itself the gaie of the Christian world. 
The immediate efiects of the insurrec- 
tion as related to missions, should it 
eten succeed, cannot be predicted. In 
Iti most favourable [aspects it offers the 
promise of an open and unobstructed 
way fot tho preaching of the gospel and 
the circulation ^f the scriptures. It 
may issue less auspiciooal 7. But of one 
Ihittg we may be safely assurea- ^ pure 
Christianity, whether favoured by tnc 
sovereign power or under its ban,'wili 
make no progress* unless it is preached 
to the people. ' How shall they believe 
on Him of whom they have not heard ? 
And how shall they hear without a 
preacher 1 ' The obligation to give the 
gospel to China does not rest upon our 
own denomination with such single and 
exclusive force as do the claims of Bur- 
mah; hut, in common with others, 



I we have attempted to bear a part in 
I this great enterprise, and have met with 
I a measure of success. 

'' The Hongkong miision, by the tem- 
porary withdrawal of Dr. Dean, who 
lately returned to this country on ac- 
count of impaired health, is left in the 
■ole charge of Mr. Johnson. To Kingpo, 
a missionary of recent appointment 
the Rev. M. J. Knowlton, has just been 
designated, who, with Mr. Lord return- 
ing to his station, will strengthen a post 
that is in great need. At both stationn 
there have been aooesdons to the native 
churches. The dharaoter of some of 
the converts promises mu6h for the 
future. There is every encouragement 
to cultivate this immense field with & 
vigour and liberality beyond any prece- 
dent hitherto set. 

ASSAM. 

"This missiim has snstidfted severe 
afflictions in the death of Mr. Dauble, 
who had won in an eminent degree the 
confidence and love of his associates 
during lus brief service, and of a native 
preacher, concerning whose future use- 
fulness the best hopes were entertained. 
Mrs. Cutter has returned to Uiis country 
as an invalid. The enfeebled health ^ 
some of the brethren causes deep con- 
cern for the weltoe of the mission. It 
calls for succour. Though the fruits of 
labour bestowed do not immediately 
appear, yet the soil is breaking tip, the 
good seed is sown, and the Lord of the 
harvest will not reftise the increase. 
The foreign Secretary, by authorization 
of ^^ executive committee, has de- 
cided to visit Assam — a st^ much 
desired by the mission, and one that it 
is believed will prove for its permanent 
advantage.** 

The observations which follow do not 
present so much encouragement in 
regard to the stations to whieh they 
refer. They present much the same 
aspects, however, a^ we have often hud 



FOR APBUi, 1854. 



261 



to contemplate in the history of our 
own mission from time to time. All 
such enterprises are subject to such 
dianges. But it is delightful to see 
them rise again into life after a long 
letson of depression, awakening new 
hageB and inepizing firesh seaL 

fHB TXLOOOOO AND BASSA MISSIONS. 

'^The mission to the Teloogoos is re- 
dooed, bj the return of Mr. Day in 
enfedJed health, to a single missionary 
sad hk wi&. To expect that it should 
be able to make any sensible progress 
imdar such ciroamstanoes would be 
mreasowibla. The divine energy is 
bonadlcM, but works by means. Mr. 
Jeweit has been preserved from dis- 
OMingoment, and continues his work 
with oheerfulnessy leaving the future in 
the hands of Qod and of his brethren. 
!Che efibrts made to reinforce the mis- 
BOD, we are sorry to say, have thus &r 
iiilBd of their olgect. 

The mission to the Bassas, resusd- 
ftitod, after long waiting, by two mis- 
Boaary families, presents itself wiUi 
fresh interest to the view of all who 
are concerned for the welfitre of Africa. 
Ihe misBonaries found, in the state of 
the cfautsfa, the schools, and the mission 
property, visible proof of the fidelity of 
the native assistants in whose diarge 
these had been so long left, lliey have 
nSknd from sickness incident to the 
lodimating process, but have been bus- 
tuned, and enaUed to rejoice in the lot 
assigned them. They have idready seen 
tome trimnphs of the gospel, and look 
with the patience of hope for multiplied 
conquests." 

^lere is nothing very striking in the 
"refiew whk^ is presented of the mis- 
ts Qermany, Qreeoe, and France.*^ 



In France there is, at present, only one 
missionary. Mr. Oncken's presence in 
America, and his visit to the churches, 
is spoken of most kindly, and we 
gather that he has been well received. 
By that visit ''it is hoped a stronger 
interest will be awakened in the mission 
with which he is identified, and that 
the Committee will be fully sustained 
in their effort to give it ample support.'* 

The account of the missions to the 
Indians is but brief. From it we learn 
that steady progress is] making among 
the Cherookee churches in numbers, 
character, and efficiency. The loss of 
two native preachers is lamented, but 
one has already been sent forth to 
occupy their place. The mission to the 
other tribes is not in so advanced a 
state. Still the churches endures and 
their present fidelity aud aeal are the 
seed of future increase of which indi- 
vidual conversions are the indication. 

We could apply the closing remarks 
of the report whence we have drawn 
these particulars to ou|r own mission, 
more particularly in regard to the field 
of India. May our readers most seriously 
ponder the solemn inquiry with which 
the following extract closes : — 

<<Such, in brief outline, is the state 
of our missions. In view of their 
small beginnings, they call for a grate* 
fill remembrance of the divine favour 
through whidi they have reached their 
present degree of expansion. But in 
consideration of the immensely widened 
fidd now made accessible, of the provi- 
dential signs that beckon to us from 
the four comers of the earth, of the 
resources of our denomination multi- 
plied by years of prosperity, it is im- 
possible to suppress the question, What 
doth the Lord require of us 1" 



253 



TtlE MISSIONARY HBBALD 



A PASTORATE FOR NATIVE CHURCHES. 



On former occasions we have made 
the readers of the Herald acquainted 
with our general views on this subject. 
Next to the dissemination of divine 
truth, and the nature of the agencies to 
be employed in effecting it, no question 
can be of greater importance — ^how best 
to secure the results of missionary 
labour, and to secure the ground which 
has been gained. Our American brethren 
are alive to this question, and striving 
to solve it, especially as it relates to 
their flourishing mission in Burmah. 
During the recent visit of the'secretary 
of the American Baptist Union to this 
portion of their field, this subject among 
many others was deliberated upon, and 
we propose to give the' result in the 
words of the report drawn up by the 
missionaries to whose hands its pre- 
paration was referred. They say : — 

''We have reached a period in the 
history of our missions when this subject 
demands the most profound and prayer- 
ful attention. This will appear most 
evident when it is considered that at 
this present moment there are 117 
churches connected with the Burmese 
and Karen Missions, with a membership 
of some 10,000 converta, with only eleven 
ordained pastors. New churches are 
rising, and under the blessing of God 
will continue to rise, until the whole 
land is filled. The question at once 
suggests itself, To whom must these 
numerous churches look for faithful 
pastors to go in and out before them ? 

" I. It must be admitted that, in the 
early stage of their profession, the im- 
maturity of the converts, the presence 
of evil habits acquired in a state of 
heathenism or idolatry, the ignorance 
and imperfect apprehension of the 
gospel, must and do require the judicious 
treatment of missionaries. They demand 
from them incessant instruction, great 
wBtcbfuhkeea, and pastoral supervision. 



But a lon^ continued supervuum your 
Committee believe would be attended 
with many serious evil results. It 
would engender feebleness in the native 
churches and incapacitate them for that 
state of independence and self-sustenta- 
tion designed by the great Head of the 
church. It would accustom the native 
converts to a style of ministry which 
can in vain be looked for from a native 
pastorate when circumstances shall com- 
pel its employment. It would have a 
reflex influence disastrous to mission- 
aries themselves. Their exertions would 
become limited and confined to small 
bands of converts, while myriads are 
perishing around them, and so fiu* as 
influence goes, they would set a most^ 
injurious example to the churches and 
to native assistants. It would teach 
them to be satisfied with what had 
already been gained, instead of impress- 
ing upon them by personal example, 
that they should never rest satisfied 
while the world around them remained 
in darkness of heathenism. 

'' II. It will appear evident that if the 
reasons adduced are valid Bgednst a long 
continued pastorship of missionaries, 
'they are valid arguments for the 
employment of native pastors alone to 
superintend the converts gathered into 
the Christian fold. In no other way 
can the wants of the native converts be 
supplied and the gospel they have re- 
ceived be perpetuated.' 

"The Committee have been led to 
inquire. Has the Lord Jesus Christ 
made no provision for these churches 
purchased by his own blood, in raising 
up a native ministry? We rejoice to 
say that he has done, as he has been 
wont to do at every stage of the church's 
history, down to the present time. There 
are now eleven ordained men who, by 
their fidelity in the discharge of the high 
\ duties enttue\A4 V> ^Yu^i^ ^<^Ti»>taiaia«^ 



FOB APRIL, 1864. 



253 



that the missioiiaries did not err in the 
laying on of hands, and setting them 
apart to the work unto^which they were 
called by the Holy Qhost, though they 
may have done it with fear and trem- 
bling. In addition there are more than 
120 native preachers connected with 
these churches, many of whom until 
recently have been inaccessible to the 
missionary in Burmah. These men (or 
most of them) have been raised up by 
God himself and endowed with gifts 
ind qualifications for the ministry of the 
word. They have sat side by side with 
your missionaries in the zayat, they 
have stood with them in the field of 
active service ; they have been entrusted 
ffith the gospel and have wended their 
weary way to the distant jungle and 
preached the crucified Saviour in the 
vales and on the mountain tops, relying 
alone upon Him who had called them ; 
they have made the jungle vocal with 
the praises of Gk>d, so that the missionary 
following in their footsteps has found 
the wilderness budding and blossoming 
as the rose. These are tried men, they 
have met persecution and have not 
quailed, they have been reviled from 
day to day and have not fainted, they 
have been subjected to stripes and im- 
prisonment, the naked sword has been 
suspended over them, — ^but all in vain. 
These men preach with power and ac- 
ceptance and have been the pioneers in 
your missions, harbingers of the gospel 
of peace. Many of them even now are 
iu charge of churches (which have 
been raised up through their instru- 
mentality), feeding them and guiding 
them onward in the path of life, while 
others are raising up new ones, the con- 
verts around them waiting for the mis- 
Bionary to come and set in order the 
thingsihat remain. Can we for a moment 
doubt, that Gk>d is raising up a pastorate 
for the native churches % Or shall we 
^tate and permit a eyBtem not 



lished and entailed, with its accumu- 
lating evils, upon the rising churches 
of Burmah ? 

"The Committee would recommend 
the most serious attention of this con- 
vention and of every missionary to this 
subject, and that pastors be ordained 
for every church just so soon as suitable 
men qualified as the scriptures demand 
for this important office are raised up, 
not forgetting the injunction, 'Lay hands 
suddenly on no man.' For we know of 
no question connected with the case of 
native converts which calls more loudly 
for the exercise of sound judgment and 
judicious action than the ordination of 
native pastors. And we recommend, 
therefore, that the native churches be 
directed to look unto God by prayer 
and earnest supplications to raise up 
faithful men — not only pastors, but 
deacons, to take charge of them in the 
fear of God, and that the churches be 
instructed sacredly to sustain them by 
their prayers, and support them with a 
generous liberality. This recommenda- 
tion has the high sanction of apostolical 
example. The attention of the apostles 
was at once directed to this subject by 
the Divine Spirit ; — a subject so import- 
ant that it was entered upon in the 
most solemn manner, with fasting and 
prayer; thus recognizing the ministry 
not only as of divine appointment, but 
that God had in raising up churches 
endowed them with suitable gifts, which 
were to be sought out and publicly set 
apart to the work, and then commended 
to God. 

'' In making this recommendation, we 
would by no means convey the idea 
that the missionary should cease to in- 
struct and watch over the pastors and 
infant churches raised up under his 
ministry. No. In addition to all the 
trials and labours of the faithful mis- 
sionary, he wUl have ' the care of all Uv<i 
churches * stilL 



''ocikmedbyBcriptuTe to become estah- j '' When we have tliuB com\»^<A mOo. 



S54 



THE MISSIOVABT HERALD 



the ii^anotion, ^And the things that 
thou htst heard of me, among many wit- 
nesses, the same commit thou to fiuthful 
men who shall be able to teach others 
slso/ may we hope to see 'the native 
bhorches walking in the fSsar of God, 
and edified by their own brethren under 
the ^i^^"g of the Spirit of God, and 
the missionary unfurling the banner of 
nlyation in the regions beyond' Then, 
may we see these sheepfolds so regulated 
that, were every missionary withdrawn. 



they would poMess within themselyes 
both the men and the ability to continue 
as the witnesses oi Christ, until 'the 
wilderness and the solitary place shall 
be glad for them and they shall rejoioe 
and blossom as the rose/" 

It is thus seen that our American 
brethren are in full accord with us in 
this subject, and give the full weight of 
their experience and eonyiotions to the 
truth of the views we hold. 



FOEEIGN INTELLIGENCE. 



JlSBOiX. — In the month of TTorember two 
native preachen Timted the town of Satgari, 
to be present at the Ras ftstiral, one of the 
nmnbeileii feasts held in honour of the vile 
Kriahnu. The aanmblage of 'knany thou- 
sanda of people at these seasons aflFbrds a 
ftToonble opportunity for proclaiming the 
gospel. Growda are brought together to 
witaesi the fireworka, and to hear filthy iongt 
aeoompanled by discordant druma. From 
morning to night the word of life was 
preached, and scriptures and tracts were 
distdbuted. One day, four young Baboos, 
the sons and nephews of the Zemindar, sent 
for Ali Mahommed and Waris, the native 
preachers, in order to discuss the respective 
merits of Hinduism, Mahommedanism, and 
Christianity. They wished, they said, to 
aaceitain the true religion. About three 
handred Brahroins and Pundits and many 
respectable Mahommedans were prssvnt, who 
had been invited by the Boboos to their 
palace to listen io the discussion. The New 
Testament was already known to the Baboos, 
having received a copy of the Bengali version 
long before. Several passages were read, 
and at their request Ali interpreted them to 
their satisfaction* After several questions 
about Mahommedanism, Ali was asked his 
ojunion of Hinduism, which he freely gave 
the Baboos agreeing with him that the Shas- 
tree were full of contradictions and unworthy 
of belief. The discuition ended by a fhll 
aekaowledgmeDt that Christiaiiity was tbe 



from this interesting interview, one of the 
Baboos addressed to the native preachen the 
singular question, '' Were the Zemindars to 
embrace Christianity, would it prove bene- 
ficial to the oause of truth!" Speaking 
generally of their itinerant laboarB, tbcy 
say, ** We seldom meet with any who aaon 
to be hostile to Christianity. The people are 
getting enlightened, and henoe their prejudices 
against Christianity are gradually vanishing 
away. All carping, cavilling, and reviling 
have almost ceased.'* There are five candi- 
dates awaiting the ordinance of baptism. 

CEYLON, Colombo.— We learn with 
pleasure that Mr. Carter has already been 
able to address a native congregation in the 
Singhalese language, and that by a judidons 
method of study he has so far succeeded in 
the attainment of the native idioms, as to lodi: 
forward at an early day to the consecration 
of all his time to the proclamation of divine 
truth among the people* 

WEST INDIES, BiBAMAfl.— Our excel- 
lent missionaiy Mr. Capem has at length 
resumed his laboun amoqg his people at 
Nassau. Not, however, without some [dis- 
couragement, arising from the misconduct of 
j the young man whom he had left to preach 
to the people during his absence from the 
colony. The place of the lamented Fowler 
has not jet been filled up, and at the time of 
writing, Mr. Capem had not been able to 
viat the churches rendered destHnte by his 
deceue. Ae ecconvts of the tattivo tevth- 



eafy trw nS^an. On theh*] reth«nienUnRvwi^AtiA\aiRBi^«E% 



FOR APaiL, 1854. 



266 



bat bftptiMd fortjr-«e?en p«noni during the 
lait jewy and hii people bave^ contributed 
towards hii^ rapport rather more than the 
lait yeaxt Nearly all the churches are re- 
nouncing their prejudices against .the native 
pastorate ajstem ; but yet do not feel alto- 
gether aa they ought respecting the support 
of thdr pastors. To a large extent, however, 
this may arise firom poverty, the hurricanes 
of Norember last having destroyed their 
com, and almost entirely their ground pro- 
tisiona. Great dlstreM prevails, and hundreda 
ire at th« pobt of atarvation. Some asiist- 
lace hu biea randered by the government ; 
bat niuuaiarily all claaea faei the effeeta of 
aich a visitatioB. 

ST. DOMINGO, PiTBMO Pi.ata^— Amid 
a pe<^le irhom popery and in6delity hold in 
bmdage, the work of the servant of Christ ia 
aeoeaiarily alow. If liberty be inscribed on 
the banners of the people^ yet do these 
idvtfiaiiea oppoae ita exercise, and, by every 
means, endeavour to hinder the spread of 
that truth which alone can make them free. 
One of the priests denounces from the pulpit 
the miniatiiitionB of the miasionary. Exhor* 
tations and threats are freely addressed to 
nch as will receive tracts, or listen to the 
message of eternal life^ The benefits of 
extreme unction are to be denied the recusant, 
while, iinr himself, the priest declares he 
voold rather be with the sauits in hell than 
vith protcstanta in heaven. Nevertheless, 
bibles and tracts find their way into the 
homes of both the poor and the rich, and 
the vints of the missionary are recei\'ed with 
respect and interest. The health of Mr. 
Rycroft has suffered much from the closeness 
of the room in which public worship is held. 
A chapel is greatly needed. The people 
have contributed upwards of £40 for the pur- 
pose; but Mr. Rycroft is constrained to 
appeal to the churches at homo to help him 
ia this important matter. 
HAITI, Jacmel. — We have been favoured 



with the following eztr&at from a private 

letter of Mr. WeUey's, which will doubtless 

awaken feelings of gmtitude to God with 

respect to this tried mission. He aays, under 

date of February 10 : — 

'' God seems to be especially blessing us 
just at this time in this, I may say, more 
than ever interesting mission ; not, 'tis true, 
by immediate and large accessions to the 
church, but bjr the preparation of the aoil for 
the sowing of the seedf. Our congre^tions 
are much larger than evef * the tide of 
public opmion is £ut changing in our favour, 
and a strong under current of good is heaving 
the sea of evil that has overflowed our towns- 
people. I do not say this from any warmtii 
of the moment I the thing is a living palpable 
&ct. My union with Miss Clark^ the ereotion 
of our chapel, and our present intention to 
build a school room have unquestionably 
contributed oonaiderably to our preaent rao- 
cess, at least; so &r as secondary agency 
could do so. True, we have only baptized 
five peraont during the past year, but w« 
shall soon, I doubt not, baptise otheii. I 
would fain*hope that we shall gather a large 
harvest of souls this vear, for man^ are 
pricked to the heart, and many more still are 
convinced of the truth. Our little church, 
too, is the only one in the island that enjova 
perfect peace and brotherly love, the only 
one free from trouble, through the great 
mercy of God. We have never yet had to 
exclude a member, never even been com- 
! pelled to reprimand one of them for un- 
' Christian conduct, whilst a sweet spirit of 
love, and union, and desire to do good per- 
vades, I think, every one of them. Our 
school, too, hes so increased, that we shall 
ROW be compelled to refriso to take any more 
; children, until we can get the school room 
' built. When Miss Harris left we had only 
j about, I believe, eighty children, and we 
have now a hundred and ten. It was, indeed^ 
remarked a few days ago that no station in 
the island was in every respect in such a 
prosperous condition as this. We would 
indeed thank God, and God alone, and take 
courage. When I remember that I have 
had to preach for years to eight, ten, or 
twelve persons, and that now we sometimes 
have of a sabbath evening five or six hun- 
dred heara^ and frequently from two to 
three hundred, I ought to be, I cannot but 
' be devoutly thankfuL" 



HOME PROCEEDINGS. 

^e deputation to Scotland com- and profitable meetings were held, and 
P^ their journey in the first >teek of there is reason tobe^ev^ ^ftA* ^ik^n:^ S& 
^ pteseDt month. Many pleasant I a deepening iniereet m l^ie n?otY ^ 



THE MI88I0VARY HERALD 



muaona^ ftmoDK the haathen in tlie 
chorehes of our denominatioii in that 
part of the*ooontrj. Mr. PetroOy in 
oo^junciion with Mr. Underhill has 
iriiited, Hitohin, where a moet cordial 
wpmt waa maniteted. Mr. Underhill 
haa alao attoided meetingi at Thrape- 
ton and in ita idoinitj. Mr. Treetrail 
and Mr. Handi^ with the aasiatanoe of 
the local brethren, have been engaged 
in holding meeiinga in connection with 
the Korth Wilta and East Somerset 
Aniiliaiy. The meetings have been of 
a Tsry gratifying diaracter. 

Besides the more eztensiTe depnta- 
iioD% the fi^wing places have had 
missionaiy meetings Harlow, Kshops 
Stortfbrdy High Wycombe, and Laton, 
attended bj Mr. E. CSurej on behalf of 
the Society ; Mr. Pearoe.also uniting in 
that at Laton. Mr. Qr^gson has visited 
Oolohester, Saffhm Walden, and Wool- 
widi; and Mr. Tjmdels, Leamington; 
Mr. Tiooehman, and Mr. Trestrail, Wat- 
lord ; and Dr. Wills, Leighton Buzzard. 
The smaller places in the neighbourhood 
have enjoyed the services of Mr. Cowdj. 

It is with pleasure we record our 
impression that the presence of the Lord 
owr Saviour has been enjoyed in these 
varied services, and that its hallowed 
ft^fln^iyft was surely felt 

We record with feelings of satisfac- 
tion that the Oommittee have accepted 



the services of the Rev 
of Holt, in Norfolk, for 
Western Africa. He k 
assistance of our worth 
Saker, as early as arrani 
made. 

Our readers will obsei 
important change in tb 
Annual Services. Thebr 
for the mission in Indii 
nated to their solemn v 
the usual sermon, at Sui 
more fitting opportunit 
found to inaugurate th< 
mentingour missionary 
The service will have, 
the holy sympathies, a 
brethren the fervent % 
Lord's people. They m 
their toil with the cons 
bation of the Society, 
hope that others will be 
their example to devote 
the like manner to the 
Lord. 



NOTICE. 

The secretaries of the 
intimate to the secrcta 
and district auxiliaries, 
to have a meeting with t 
during the ensuing anni- 
of which due notice will 



FOREIGN LETTERS RECEIYED. 



A-FBiCA— GaAHAii's Towv, Hay, A., Decem- 
ber 90 ; Ndton, T., Dec. 30. 
AStA— CALCmFTA, ThoRMi^ J., Fel>. 18. 
CoLomo, Caiter, C, Jan. 28. 
Jaasoai, Puiy, J., Jan. 8. 
Bahahas — Nassau. Gapern, H., Jan. 5 and 
12. 
GaAVD Tvax— Litdewood, W., Jan. 25. 
BaxTTArr — IftoaLAiXi Jenkina, J., March 1, 

10 and 20. 
Haiti— Jachil, Webley, W. H.,;Feb. 8 & 

Jamaica, Pbillippo, J. M.,& others Feb.—; 
JEtEua CUatLE, Umw^ H. B., Feb. 10. 



Baowv's Town— Clark, J 
Calabar— East, D. J., F 
Four Paths, Grould, T., 
KivosTOif, Oughton, S., 1 
Curtis, W., and others, 
St. Aim's Bat, Millard, '. 
; 24. 

I Salter's Hill, Dendy, \ 
I St. Doxivgo— Puerto Plj 
I K., Jan. 2 and 20. 
Trinidad— Port of Spaip 
25. 
MouvT Hopeful, Iiiniss, 



FOR APRIL, 1854. 



267 



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. 



The thanks of the Committee are presented to 

The Jurenile Working Society, New Park ' 

Street, for a parcel of clothing, for Rev. 

A , Saker, Jfriea ; 
G. P. Prince, Esq., M.D., Bidefbrd, for a 

case of clothing, value £10, and books, 

value £5, for Afr, J, J. FuUer, Africa; 
Mr. James Leslie, New Pitsligo, for a 

parcel of magazines ; 
A Friend, for a parcel of Evangelical ; 

Magazines; 
Friends at Chipping Norton, for a case of i 

clothing, value £15, for Rev, «/. A/, j 

PkUUppo, Spaniih Town ; 



the following friends — 

Sunday School, Queen Street, Woolwich, 
by S. M. Percival, for a case of useful 
and fancy articles, value £2*2, for Rev. 
J. Smiihf Chitoura ; 

Friends at Manchester, Birmingham, and 
Wolverhampton, by Mrs. Marten, for a 
case of clothing, value £8, for Rev, 
Joseph Gordon, Afount Nebo, Jamaica; 

Friends at Blandford Street, by Mrs. 
Keyes, for a box of clothing, &c., value 
£3 10s., for Mrs. Sale, Jessore* 



CONTRIBUTIONS, 



Reeeived an account of the Baptist Missionary Society^ from February 21 to 

March 20, 1854. 



£s. 

AnHtuU S^bteripHons. 

^llen, J. H., Esq 2 S 

^acoD, Mr. J. P 1 I 

^^unta, R., Esq. 1 I 

Hartlett, R«t. /., Mam- 
wood 1 1 

fieddome, R B., Esq.... 1 1 
fieddome, W. B , Esq... 1 1 

fienHflnk, Mr 1 1 

Placket, Mrs 1 1 

^owen, Mr. and Mrs. ... 1 1 

Clark, Mrs 1 1 

Oriapin, Mr 10 

enroll, A. A., Esq. 10 

•Oarid, Mr. Ebenezer, 

two years 1 1 

iDeane, Messrs., and Co. 1 1 

l>lane7. Miss 1 1 

A;>ouglaa, James, Esq., 

Cavers 6 

X)imt, Mr. Thomas 1 1 

X)ant, Mr. J 1 1 

^Kames, Miss 1 

S^randes, Rev. G 10 

B-'rancls, Mr. J 1 1 

Oorer, Mr. W 1 1 

Oomey, W. B., Esq 100 

Do., additional, for 

India 50 

Cfomcy, Henry, Esq. ... 5 
^addon, Messrs. John 

and Son 2 

Hamilton, Thomas, Esq. 1 

Wanks, Mr. W 

Weriot, Mr. J. J 3 

Wodge, J., Esq. 1 

Huntley, Miss 1 

XrUh, Mr. Frederick 10 

Jones, Capt. John, R.N. 1 1 

X^v, James, Esq 1 

teacher, Mrs. 1 

Blorch, Key. Dr 2 

Orerbury, Mr. B 1 

's^eek. Brothers, Messrs. 1 

£ewtress, T., Esq 2 

Jontifex, Mr. R. 1 

S«ole, II., Esq 1 

5»»«ll. Mr. John 3 

*»m8den, R., Esq., 

uS?**" HaU 1 

^>%way, Thomas, Esq. 5 

S^Ui.F « 1 

5*fp.Mn 1 





S 

2 

1 
15 
2 
1 
1 



1 
1 

1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
3 

1 
5 
1 
1 














6 










6 

C 











6 


















£ s. d. 

Taylor, James, Esq 2 2 

Warmington, J., Esq.... 3 3 

Whitehome, Mr. J 2 2 

Woolley, Mr. O. B 4 4 



Donations, 

David, Mr. E , box 

Gray, Dr. J. T., for 

India 10 

Townley, Rey. Henry... 5 
Tressider, Mr. and Mrs. 

J. E.y tor India 2 10 



5 



Tottenham, — Continned £ s. d. 
Contributions, for 

Do., Svnday School 
Do., Infant School, 
West Green 





7 




9 



20 U 7 
Less expenses 2 8 



24 G 7 
Walworth, Lion Street^ 
Sanday School, for 
Gahalaya School, 
Ceylon 15 10 



Legacies. 

Knighton, Mr. G. W., 

late uf Stony Stratfurd 100 
Nelson, (Mr. John, late 

of Dumfries 3!i 7 U 

Do., for Tinnslations 35 8 
Palmer, Mies E. F., late 

of London 19 ' 

Stoate, Mr. Thomas, late 

of Bristol 25 



Brdfordshirk. 

Dunstable — 

Collections 11 10 2 

Cuutributions 11 18 5 



LoifDON AKO MiDOLXSKX 

Auxiliaries. 

Battersea, on account ... 20 
Brompton, Thnrloe Chapel- 
Contributions, for 
Native Preacher* ... 2 18 
Camberwell, on account 44 12 4 
Kawlings, E., Esq. ... 10 10 
Contributions, by 
Master John Cowen 2 
Fox and Knot Court- 
Sunday School, for 

Schools 3 10 

Highgatc — 
Sunday School, for 
Native Preachers ... 10 
Kensington — 
Contnbution8,by Mrs. 

D. Rawlings 10 

Milton Street- 
Sunday School, for 
Native Preachers ... 16 
Stratford Green- 
Collection 2 

Contribution 10 



23 14 7 
Less expenses G 11 

23 7 8 



BXRKSHTRB. 

Abingdon — 

Collections 7 11 

Do.. Fyttcld and 

Cothill 1 IC 

Do., Drayton 1 

Contributions 24 16 

Do., Sunday School 19 




3 
4 



1 

I ol 



Tottenham— 

Collection,,,. B 2 6 

ContribatiouB 19 17 3 



36 2 
Less expenses fl 3 

3.5 10 
Kariogdon — 

Collections .« 4 4 

Contributions , 5 10 


9 


u 










Newbury — 
Collections 10 4 





Contribution.*) 19 11 





Do., Brimpton 4 

Do., Sunday School 3 1 
Do., do.. Long Lane 2 
Do., Bible Cbiss ... 12 




u 
1 






^ 
» ^ 



^\ \^ ^ 



Raulliu, on MMant ... iJ 
WllllliffoM— 
CbIIkiIoti, Pnrn 

MM In;-, Ck /*21a I 
CwMbni :^ii^ f« 
Hall., .'•nadun ... I 

CiHHUiMauiBa. 

Do..'toi ladit".'.'.'.'.'. I 
LtUtT. "' ^- E^' •" >< 

Namm-B»T CAmaisaui 
Anillltri- 

SuionUlDI— 
CdtfHtliin ( 

ContrlbnUgiii t 

CoUhUbd I 

CotUeliau ...,...t....... t 

OaDtrltmtldni 1 



U13 



THB MI8SI0HARI HSRALD 



BciiroBHii 

lOH- 

CoDlrlbatioDa. 

RnrrauiHi 

Itbost* BIOftfMd— 

ColhKUoB 

CoBlilbotloD) 

ColluUini 

Cunlrlbniiooi 
Do,. IK iMallj 

Proiwdj of kfuTikgti 

DftVliiiilMllng 

AdnHiwMfil ImOn 
tad npOKM 

Itniton— 
CaD»lliull«u, br Mr. 
T, OwdniM .„.. 
Do., bf UlB SUD- 

CsUKlIgn)... 



CoIlKtIon 

CaDlribMlMI 

Do. Cor ^TriB 



DaroBpotl, b; Bar, 

CoUHtlOBIi A(_, 
Coatrllfiitloni ,.., 
Dpattujr 



L<lcMt(T, Btlnlr Stnel— 



B t I CunltibDtlnni. fm 



■■MUDga, (Or J(< 



CuntrUfDllaiu, bf Hr 



It i« e <^ 

!.' 1 11 < t 

L' 1 IB 10 C 



Acknoir1«d((0 brfon 



oinhten— 

Kioin Fmchm ... t 



CsntrlbDtlsiu .. 



FmAtrt... I 4 



ESS- "" • S& 

Conttnentll EtbikK *""" 

CTlSotWj.forJrii- 

Mjflr.''BV^-; ' i w.i«ii. „^ 

jQTcnUfSotleij'.Cor SiaAuj ficbool far 



K"™' 



C«BlTlbiiHDtui. tor 



M t. d. 

OoUtctUiBL. „ » la t 

CtDtribaUou B II 1 

Do. Siuid^ SchoDl 17 

M» 7 
L*H nptatt* OUT 

fO 1 

amiu. 

IfavM, Mr. S. K. 11 

CgBaetiiur.^ IT 1 9 

CHtdbBtlDu n 11 T 

Do, Rnndtf Bcbovl > 1 D 

WlLTUOU. 

Brwtoa- 

*M1kUoii S B 1 



, S 3 
, SIS 1 

. 3 1 e 



_CaMbiilbiB..., 
RauM .,..„. 



ba..JaT«iUe, SuDIb 

Puwli 10 IB 

Do, (or Xofin 



NORTB WALE!. 



FOB APRIL, 1854. 

;e (. <I. 

Do'.la'iuidiir ii«iia«i o b d 

"ff 7 I 

L«u*ip«itH 13 

LlufDUm 4 Iff I 

LluuUill— 

fullctUor. B 

Uorgu. E>, Eaq U 

SOOTH WALES. 

coESn""!!.^!!?" 1 IS • 

ContilbBUsiu — 1 7 A 

LoM upnuH 10 

J H 

CAKUHTHBHaUllll- 

Birlohjgwjiil— 

Ooninbulloiii"!"^!.... 10 

Coi'miIoh .!, 7 1 

^^Htlon B 1 

Conlilbatiau II 4 11 

Do., Biaiiv Sobool 110 

Wlilllud, Nuknth— 
CoUHtloo 114 

» 4 1 

iMatipiDHi 7 

LiHoiaunaiiii-- 
L1j.™b- 

CollKtlon 010 

CoDtribatlong 1 IS 

i-r.arhn, 10 

D,...&nnrtiij School S 
Mcnhj-rTjilyU, Ziun- 

C-dli^niuiu S 11 « 

BsdvH. Htphiituli— 

CullEcUon „..„... S 8 » 

C.jii.ii.ijrlo[i, 1 17 6 

Lv;;.iti.,ri 1 1 

C.'.r.iniiun.in. 4 13 • 

Uu.. Sun'Ji)- Mmii\ 10 

cXc'ii.iEi 1 18 5 

CDairibotlona Z II 1 

Prachiii 1 8 S 

Do., SoDdu Bcliml 4 3 
Honllri, Zoai— 

Llnihlltfih— '" 

CallKtloD 1] 

Umaioulb- 

CnOlbathni I 10 D 



s:s;a.. 

rufbUbotliugooJ— 


t 10 1 
1 


Trrdtgir— 

EMllttChuTth- 
fi-llootiop 

WtWClurdi— 


1 ( 

a ■ • 
1 7 > 

Mi 


IiD.. Sm. SoboiiJ 


!'!! 




44 4 10 

41 a « 

1 4 4 


•Bte-r. 


B B 


ConlrlhotloM DBS 


Do..Jiiietill8 g S ■ 


irontiborougli— 




l.e'i^Jmonii^ 




M^r'',;;,^-™ 


Bit « 


a^ii'"""- 


oie » 




■».'S ! 



ncrlinClupel 3 13 ( 



.... \ « » 



2(M) 



THE MISSIONARY HERALD FOR APRIL, 1854. 



CaMT— £ t. d, 

Contribatloiif, addi- 

tional 12 

Dundee — 

Lov, Mrs., for India 10 
Dnnfenolliie — 

Collection 3 2 

Contributions 17 11 

Edinburgh^- 
Collections- 
Charlotte Chapel ... 21 

Elder Street 31 10 

Pablie Meeting 3 15 5 

Tabernacle 3 

Contribations 1 12 

Do.tJuTenile, Elder 

Street 23 14 4 

Do., for Female 

Hducaiion 5 

Do., for Native 
lacker, Normal 

School, India 10 

Do., Bristo Street, 
additional, for 

TVanetottofU 5 2 6 

Do., Charlotte Cha- 
pel, for Natire 

Freaeheri 3 12 

Elsin. bf Mr. Talloch— 
Sabbath School, for 
Native Preaehen ... 1 1 4 



£ «. d. 
Elgin, by Mr. A. Ufquhart— 

Contribations 3 5 

Elie<- 
Contribatione, for 
Native Preachert ... li) 

Glasgow — 
Collections — 
Baronial Hall (addi- 
tional for ]8.'S2)... C 8 



East Regent Street 5 

Hope Street 13 8 

Trades' Hall 2 4 

Do, fur Natice 

Prfae/tcrs 2 4 

Contributions 5 



3 


G 

8 







Greenock — 
Collections — 
United Presbyterian 

Church 18 7 

West Bum Street 8 7 
Contribations 4 10 6 

HanUey— 

Collections, Free 

Church 7 2 6 

Inrine — 

CoUections 2 17 2 

Contributions 11 10 6 

Kirkcaldy— 

Contributions * 2 



New PiUllgo— 
Leslie, Mr. James ... C 

PalBler— 
Collection, Public 

Meeting H 

Contribations 14 

Do., Bible Clas£<. 
George Street, for 
Native Preaditrs 1 
Do., f-torcy Street, 

Tor I'o i 

Do., do., Sunday 
Pchool. (oT&'hoolf 

ia Iiidia S 

St. Andrew's — 

Collodion 

Contributions S 

Do., for Natire 
Preac/urs 2 

33( 
Less expenses 4 

32i 
FOREIGN. 

A WKTCA — 

Graham's To^m 5i 



The following are the particulnra of ContributioM receivc.l from Graham's Torni, 
Africa, acknowledged above : — 



£«. d. 

Allison, Samnel 10 

Beck, A. W 10 

Blaine, H 110 

Cawood, S 10 

Crouch, R 10 

Croft, C. S 10 

Gamming, 10 

Donation 110 

Dugroore, Rot. H. H.... 10 

Francis, G. C 10 

Friend 10 

Oeard, J., and Friends 

at Port Elizabeth 5 0, 

Gilbert, George 1 i 

Godlonton, Robert 10 1 

Gowie. C. R 10 I 

Hay, ReT. Alex. 2 2 

How, William 10 

How, E 10 



£ ». d. 

Hoole, J. C 10 

Hoole, A. W 10 

Hobson, W. Carey 10 

JanrlB,G 110 

King, T. P 10 

Langford, T 10 

L. P. W Ip 

McMaster, J 10 

Mandy, S. D 10 

Mlnto, J. C 10 

Nelson, Thomas 10 10 

Nel8on, Mrs. 110 

Nelson, C.H 2 2 

Orsmond, Charles 110 

Orsmond, John 10 6 

Parker, J 10 

Powell, Jamesi, sen 10 

Pote, C 10 

Rorke, M 10 



Shepperson, B. M 

Shaw, Bey. W 

Stanger, Samuel 

Stone, J. J. H 

Stone, R. G 

Slator, Charles 

Thompson, W. R 

Thomson. Rev. W. Y... 

Tharkwray, Jnmes 

Wedderburn, W 

White, Robert 

Wood, George < 

Collection after sermon, 

Ebenezor Cbapel 

Sums under 10« 



StibflcriptionB and Donations in aid of the Baptist Missionary Society will bo tha: 
recdred by William Brodie Gumey,£Isq., and Samuel Morton Peto, Esq., M.P., Tree 
by the Bier. Frederick Trestrail and Edward Bean Underbill, Esq., Secretaries, 
Mission House, 33, Mooigate Street, London: in Edinburqii, by the Rev. Jo 
Watson, and John Macandrew, Esq.; in Glasgow, by C. Anderson, Esq.; in DuBi 
John Purser, Esq., Rathmines Castle; in Calcutta, by the Rev. James Thomas, 
Mission Press; and at New Yobk, United States, by W. Colgate, Esq. Contributi< 
also be paid in at Messrs. Barclay, Bevan, Tritton, and Co., Lombard Street, to the i 
of the Treasurers. 



QUARTERLY REGISTER 



or rnu 



BAPTIST HOME MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

APRIL, 1854. 



The AmruAXj Meettko will be held at JPINSBURT CHAFELi 

MoyDAT EvEimfo, 24tli April. The Chair to be taken at half-past Six. 

V. Mtddlemoee, Esq., of Birmingham, will preside. Tea will be 

prcnded at the Mission House, 33, Moorgate Street, at half-past five, for 

^iinisters and other friends of the Society, including ladies. 



Studleffi Warwickshire^ 
Afarch 23rd, 1854. 
Mr DEAR Bbotheb^ — I take up my pen to 
conclude the report commenced in January 
last By way of preface I would remark, 
that the glory of Christ and the prosperity of 
the church are identified with each other ; 
that it no longer remains a problem unsolved, 
a conviction unacknowledged, that a mission- 
ary spirit is essential to the prosperity of the 
Christian church. Without it the church 
*ouid be deficient in a main element of 
health and vigour, and tending rapidly 
towards leanness, languor, and decay ; while, 
an the contrary, activity and zeal in the mis- 
nonary cause, alike among the heathen at 
home and the heathen abroad, are indications 
of the healthful and prosperous condition of 
the church, by which the glory of Christ is 
promoted and the salvation of our fellow men 
II secured. 

May the great Head of the church hearken 
to the voice of the thousands of our Israel, 
"who sigh and cry for all the abomination 
douc in the land," and send down a glorious 
ihowcr of heart-reviving grace, so that our 
land may soon become "a holy nation, a 
peculiar people, zealous of good works.'* 

Monday, Oct. 3rd, 1853.— We left Strat- 
fefd-on-Avon, and paid a visit to the village 
of Binton, about six miles from Stratford on 
cor way towards Studley. It is a lovely 
little village, but pouessing few advantages. 
They gladly received our tracts. We went 
fiom house to house, preaching and teaching 
the Lord Jesus, and after walking about six- 
teen miles, we arrived at Studley worn out 
>&<! exhausted. 

. Tuesday, Oct. 4th. — Brother Webb very 
ill from a violent cold and worn out with 
^%e. The day so wet that nothing could 
he dotie. 

^ednesdav, Oct. 5th. — Went by coach 
B^ StDd^irr io Alcester. The Rev. Moaes / 



Philpin, baptist minister of Alcester, had 
kindly invited us previously to pay him a 
visit, and hold a revival meeting in his chapel, 
which he announced on the sabbath. Ac- 
cordingly in the afternoon we distributed 
tracts, and at seven o'clock in the evening 
held our meeting ; the attendance was good, 
and the presence of Christ was in his sane* 
tuary'while brother Philpin read and prayed, 
and brother Webb and myself addr^eed 
them concerning the things belonging to their 
peace. The friends received us most gladly, 
and we have reason to hope that our viait was 
not in vain. May God bless them out of 
Zion. 

Tuesday, Oct. 11th.— Left Studley for 
D unchurch in order to spend a fortnight in 
the northern division of the county. Arriyed 
at Birmingham late in the evening. Spent 
the night there, and on Wednesday left Bir- 
mingham for Rugby by train. Walked from 
Rugby to Therlaston, a distance of five miles. 
The evening exceedingly dark ; the country 
strange ; rained in torrents all the way; 
spoiled my great coat, and caught a most 
severe cold. Such are the appendages of 
home missionary labour. 

Thursday, Oct. 13tb.— Weather bad— and 
very weary. 

Friday, Oct 14th. — Begun our mission by 
going to Stretton-on-Dunsmoor. It is a 
goodly village, but exceedingly darky— sadly 
neglected both by church and dissent. Here 
we found a neat little independent ohapel, 
but scarcely ever occupied ; a beautiful 
church, but a Puseyite parson. One woman 
abused us sadly. The rest received the 
tracts with thankfulness, and listened to our 
addresses with attention. Truly they are aa 
sheep without a shepherd. O Lord arise, and 
plead thine own cause. 

Saturday, Oct, 15th.-»Set off m tVve TCiOnv- 
ing for Kenilworth. Ailet ^ivvkWiVii^ cdctcraX 
eight miles through a moifc ^Wihy \«xl<^ii« 



QUAETERLT REGISTEB 



■rriTed at length at Brandon ttation, from 
thence to Goventrj, and from CoTentry to 
Kenilworth. We distributed tracts at the 
■tations and in the carriages to all the passen- 
gers, who apparently received them court- 
eousljy though many smiled at what they 
thought over-religious attention. ** Sow by 
the nde of all waters." 

In the afternoon we came to Kenilworth, 
greatly depressed in spirits. Friends from 



in their destitute condition, iopplied them 
with preachers, and opened the house of Qod 
again. May God succeed the effort ! At 
half-past two we commenced the service. 
Brother Webb preached an appropriate ser- 
mon, and brother Elmore of Coventry con- 
cluded with prayer. It was a good time. 
Many whom we visited were present, and we 
had a good congregation. At six o'clodi[ 
brother Webb commenced the service by 



Coventry and other places had given us a sad i reading and prayer ; I preached from Heh. 



account of the place. Infidelity seems to 
have a strong hold upon the lower classes of 
the people, ,and truly they ore in a most 
desperate condition. In the evening we 
reconnoitred the town, arranged our plans, 
■elected the most destitute spots as they 
appeared to us, and then returned to our 
fHeiid Mr. Manley, who, with his wife, are 
the principal baptists in the place. They 
treated us kindly. After that, retired to our 
lodgings full of cogitations, and reasonings, 



vii. 25, '* Wherefore he is able also to save 
them to the uttermost all that," &C., to a 
most attentive and numerous congregation, 
which reminded the friends of olden times, 
and revived their drooping hopes. It was a 
good day. The Lord was with us, and mxaj 
drank from the river of life, and felt its 
enlivening power. 

Monday, Oct. I7th. — The whole day very 
wet ; we could do little or nothing in visiting 
or tract distribution ; but in the evening we 



and fears with regard to our enterprise on the i held n public meeting in the baptist chapel, 
coming day (Sunday), until " nature's sweet i and although it was a most unpropitious 
restorer, balmy sleep," gently closed our eyes | night, yet, such was the interest (under God) 
and hushed our fears. Truly the Lord is our ! awakened among the people by the Sunday 
helper, and we will not fear what man can do | services, that we had a laige congregation 



onto us. 

Sunday, Oct. IGth. — The morning was 
exceedingly wet ; the rain came down 
copiously. Ceased a little about ten o'clock, 
when we went forth to our humble yet noble 
employment, to scatter the clouds of igno- 
rance and sin, and to substitute in their place 



consisting of all classes and sects throughont 
the town. We commenced the meeting by 
singing ; the Rev. J. Button read the scrip- 
tures ; brother Elmore of Coventry engaged 
in supplicating the divine blessing. After 
which Mr. Button presided, and opened the 
meeting by a most cordial and appropriate 



a few lovely rays of the light of the glory of ! address sympathizing with the object of our 
the grace of God, through our Lord Jesus j mission, and urged us to perseverance by the 



Christ. Wo visited from house to house 
until one o'clock, speaking to every family 
more or less, as circumstances permitted, 
about the love of the Saviour, the work of 
the Holy Spirit on the heart, their lost con- 
dition by nature, and their exposure to eter- 
nal misery without an interest in the great 
atonement. We urged them to become 



ultimate prospect of certain success. Brother 
Webb then addressed the meeting, &c 



Since the publication of the preceding part 
of the journal in the January number of the 
Register, a letter has been received from the 
Rev. J. Bottomley, of Henley in Arden, 
complaining that the representations of Mr. 
reconciled to God. Many appeared to feel, | Maizey, respecting the state of thuigs at 
especially one family. Oh, if one out of | Henly are far from correct ; that the popnla- 
that femily should be brought to God, how | tj^n jg by no means so large ; that the condi- 



will it rejoice our hearts in the day of Christ, 
and amply repay our toil ! Wo invited 
them all to come to the house of God in the 
afternoon, at half-past two, and in the even- 
ing at six, and they promised to attend. The 
baptist friends, as it was impossible to preach 
out of doors, freely offered us their pretty 
chapel, which we gladly accepted. The 
baptist church once flourished in Kenilworth, 
but now, like the ancient church in Sardis, 
there are only a few names left to mark out 
the wreck of an expired church. Tbe few 
friends deeply deplore this, and anxiously 
ask by whom shall our church arise, for she is 
weak. In &ct, the church here is broken 
up, and the chapel has been closed for a 
long time,, until within the last five or six 
months, when the friends from Coventry and 
Leamington, deeply sympathizing with them 



tion of the baptist interest is not so depressed; 
and adding that the missionaries were treated 
with all possible hospitality. While justice to 
Mr. Bottomley requires that his complaint 
should not pass unnoticed, justice to Mr. 
Maizey equally demands the statement that 
he is incapable of intentional misrepresenta- 
tion — that he described the state of things as 
they appeared to him, and that any apparent 
discrepancy is fairly attributable to the in- 
fluence of a sanguine temperament and of a 
zeal which is satisfied only with large 



Our excellent friend Mr. Pearce, who hai 
had great difficulties to surmount at Rom- 
ford, thus writes, March 22 : — 

The number of memben is between fifty 
\ and foxV^, 8^\x\. t<acV} vci cntamunion. W« 



%tu x\uiuuiiiBuiy WHICH nrc kx- 

onsiderable interest in the town. I 
ard no complaints from the catholics, 
e of the high church party comphdn. 



Twickenham f March IG/A, 1854w 
nearly two years my energies have 
erased, I had almost said exhausted, 
STOiiring to establish and extend the 
cause in this locality. There is a 
km of between seven and eight thou- 

the parish of Twickenham. Igno- 
nd vice prevail to an alarming extent 
eeently I have had to labour single 
Now, two gentlemen, one a mem- 
Idr. Martin's church, Westminster, the 
1 episcopalian, assist me by the distri- 
>f tracts, and performing the duties of 
in instruction visitors. My time has 
aeh occupied in endeavouring to col- 
niet for our chapel, school rooms, and 
, which you are aware, have been 
md opened during the past twelve 
. The entire cost has been rather 
£1,200. Towards this sum about 
lave been raised. I have met with 
>or success in the metronolis. Most 
principal baptists in and near town 
>e to the Baptist Metropolitan Bulld- 
,nd and Baptist Building Fund, and 
»tgive to individual cases. O that 
realthy members of the church of 
would help us! I trust it will be 
rentually that I have not laboured in 

The friends here, to encourage me, 



T _-1_ 4.1 



lui, wc siitiii 5UCCVCU. XV JB uur Buwtug umej 

and in due season we shall reap if we faint 
not. We need the counsel, the sympathy, 
the prayers, the help of Christian fricnda. 
And I feel sure these will not be withheld. 

C. W. Skbmp. 



Shotley Bridge, March 16, 1854. 

Mt dear Brother, — From recent press- 
ing engagements I fear this has been delayed 
as to be too late for your purpose. I hasten 
however to respond to your request. 

During the past year our progress has 
been tardy, though the attendance at the 
services in the chapels has very materially 
improved since I came to labour in this 
place. Cold Rowley, during favourable 
weather, is well attended; there the popula- 
tion is widely scattered, and therefore the 
weather affects our congregations to a con- 
siderable extent. The congregation at Shot- 
ley Field has nearly trebled during the year. 
The chapel here at Shotley Bridge, which it 
in the midst of a largo and increasing popu- 
lation is regularly well filled on the Lord's 
day evening with very attentive audiences. 
Our members number fifty-nine, five having 
been added by baptism during the past year. 
We have every prospect of larger accessions 
shortly; some appear to be on the eve of 
declaring themselves : the number I am not 
prepared to state exactly. Besides preaching 
at Cold Rowley, Shotley Field, and Shotley 
Bridge chapels on the Lord's day, I preach 
on an average three times a week, and fre- 



ii— ^ *:_- 



iir> 1..... «— ^ .A.4:^_. 



264 



QUARTBRLT REGISTBR. 



•cholan, 157. Several of our fiiencU make 
praiseworthy efforts in behalf of the young. 
I have not yet formed any bible classes. 
Two things have conspired to prevent me 
fh)m this, which I had fondly hoped to have 
been able to do. 1. The peculiar callings 
of most of our young people in Shotley 
Bridge and immediate neighbourhood re- 
quire them to take different ''shifts** alter- 



nately, and hene^ the dHRcnlty of gettng i 
suitable evening. I hope however Portly ti 
arrange for one if not two on Saturdi^ 
evenings, one for males and another fir 
females. 2. My ether public engagemesli 
being so numerous have hitherto preveotei 
me from meeting with the veiy few whs 
might have met me. 

Gboboi Whitehiad. . 



MONIES 

£ 8. d. 

LOTCDOX. 

Bequeat of the late Kot. 

O. W. Knighton 50 

Young Men> Mission- 
ary ArM>ciation, 
Messre. Hitchcock ii 

C( 14 11 

Allen, J. H.. Esq 1 1 

Eamci, Miss 10 

Famn, Major 10 

Hepburn, J., Esq 110 

Hepburn. A. P , Esq. ... 10 6 

Herlot, J. J.. Esq 110 

Peto, 8. M., Esq ?0 

Powell, John, Esq 110 

Lion Street- 
Collection 7 2 

Collected by Miss R. 

Watson 5 4 

Tottenham — 

Balance 5 10 

Woolwich- 
Contributions 5 

BBOrORIMIRIRS. 

Dunstable — 

Collection (moiety) ... 3 18 8 

Blackwell, Mrs 10 

Blackvreli. Mr. J. W. 5 

Carruthers. Mr 2 6 

Chambers, Mr. J 2 G 

Collings, Mr. 5 

Flowers, Mr 10 

Ontteridge, Mr 2 

Gutteridge, Mr. J 10 

Gutteridge, Mr. M.... 10 

Osborne, Mr. J 10 

Osborne. Mrs 5 

Collected by Mrs. 

Collings T 

Do., by Mrs. J. Gut- 
teridge 2 10 

Do., by Miss E. 8. 5 

Do., by Miss S. M. 4 

Markyate Street 2 3 6 

Luton 17 3 

Shambrook 10 



RECEIVED SINCE LAST 

£ «. 

Subscriptions by Miss 
E. Metcalfe, per E. 
Foster, Esq 7 1 



Cambrtdobsbirx. 

Cambridge— 
Lilley, W. E., Esq. ... 25 



REGISTER. 

d. £ vL 

Shrewsbury ....•.....»••« 1 13 e 



Cornwall. 

Penzance 3 

Llfton 



DoRsrrsHiRB. 



Lyme 

Weymouth. 



1 

2 7 



Ksssz. 
Thaxted 2 2 



Gloucestkrsrirk. 

Kingstanley 4 

Stroud 5 15 

Wootton-under-Edge — 

Rogers, J., Esq 1 



NORTIIAMPTOKSBTRR. 

O.ipstone 2 4 



NOTTINORAMSHTRR. 

Wood borough — 
Bequest of the late 
James Donnelly, 
Esq 14 

North BRN Auxiliary. 
Balance 18 16 

RUTLANDSHIRB. 

Belton 2 3 

Shropshirb. 

Bridgnorth 9 3 

Ditto 1 



SOJaBRSXnRlRB. 

I Taunton 4 13 1» 

SUBSUC 

' Battle, additional 1 H { 

I Brighton 7 10 • 



O' 

Q I SrArroRosBiBB. 

-' Burslem 2 6 • 

j Darkhouse i • 

Providence ^ ' f 

Hanley S 6 

- West Bromwich 2 15 <> 








HUNT(?rODON8HIRB. 

Huntingdon 12 3 2 

Offord 16 6 

Ramsey _ 4 5 3 



10 



I 

81 
Oi 



8UB.RBT. 

Kingston ..••...•• .•• 1 ' * 

WARWICKBBfaX. 

Birmingham *^ '5 ! 

Ditto S J 

Ditto 7 12 

Wykcn 2181J 

Leamington 2 S « 

WORC BSTBRBRIBB. 

Brom^TOTe * ® X 

Kidderminster 1 •^ 

WALES. 

HaTcrfordwest — . 

Ree^ W., Esq 10 • 

Newtown — ^ 

Morgan. B., Eaq 2 « 

Iwou. 
Mr. and Mn. B. ^ S3 * 

South Avrica. 

Graham's Town— 
Nelson, Thomas, Eaq., 

9 JfOftrB •••••t**««*«««« w ^ 



Ltmationi and Subscriptiona will be graUfvUy received on hehaJf of the Society, hy tk^ 
Treamrer, J. R. BOUSFIELD, Esq., 126, ffound$ditch ; or by the Secretary, 
IE REV. STEPHEN J. DAVIS, 33, MOORGATE STREET, LONDON. 



THE 



Much trouble mU be saved, both to the Secretary and his corretpondenta, if, i* makv^^f^ 

ments by PoH Office orders, they vM give his name as above : or, at any rate, advise 

him of the name they have communicated to the Pott Office authorities. 



JOHV BAODON AND MM, PAlHTBUft, CAattA taKKSn. TWVWSVI . 



THE 



BAPTIST MAGAZINE. 



MAY, 1854. 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE RICHARD HARRIS, ESQ., OF LEICESTER, 

BT THE REV. THOMAS L0MA8. 



Mb. Harris was born in Leicester, 
i^tobcr 10, 1777, and died in the same 
wn, Feb. 2nd, 1854, extensively re- 
ected and beloved. Of a family con- 
>ting of six sons and one daughter 
was the eldest. His father was a 
istor stocking-maker, possessing a 



to the close of life became a regular 
hearer of Robert Hall. Not insensible 
to the value of early mental training 
she conferred upon her eldest son such 
educational advantages as she could 
! command, at the same time for his 
religious instruction introducing him 
)p of frames, and employing a con- to the Sunday school connected with 
crablc number of men. His mother St. Mary's Church in which Mr. Robin- 
ited in her character the qualifica- | son ofliciatcc]. The Sunday school sys- 
Qs of the excellent housewife and j tern which has resulted in such sub- 
i virtues of the real Christian. Her ■ stantial benefits to society and to the 
ty was of the most energetic and church of Christ in this and in other 
pressive kind. The strength of mind countries, was at that period only just 
1 weight of character which she working its way into existence and 
ssessed were such as to influence not general notice. Mr. Robinson was the 
ly the susceptible minds of her chil- first to introduce it into Leicester, and 
sn ])ut also all those who came within to the school connected with his own 
e range of her accjuaintance and place of worship he devoted considerable 
lercourse. It was her privilege to sit ! personal attention and labour. It was 
idcr the ministry of the Rev. T. . his custom to catechize the children 
i>biii8on, the author of the work en- i every sabbath' on the sermons to which 
M. " Scripture Characters,'' and she I they had listened, and to counsel and 
loronghly imbibed the truths and the i encourage in every possible way thoie 
»irit of his evangelical and powerful i who acted in the capacity of managers 
•courses. On the lamented death of ■ and teachers. The instructions which 
ff. Robinson she transferred her at- ' Mr. Harris received in this admirably 
*^oo to Harvey Lane Chnpel and j conducted school were not \TV«ltv\mciAs\ 
^fit xru.^-rovRTti aiutju, \ \ 



I 



866 



MEMOIR OF THE LATE KIGHARD HARRIS, ESQ. 



in leading his mind to ChriBt; never- 
theless they proved to be of the great- 
est service and value to him after this 
event had occurred, by imparting an 
intelligence and stability to his piety. 
His recollection of this early and in- 
teresting period of his history \ras 
always fresh and pleasurable even in 
advanced life, and often, as he con- 
versed freely in the social circle or 
presided at public meetings connected 
with Sunday schools and kindred insti- 
tutions, he would refer to it with the 
deepest emotions. 

The business primarily intended for 
Mr. Harris was that of a printer, and 
with a view to learn it he was placed 
in the printing office of Mr. Phillips 
(afterwards Sir Richard Phillips), at 
that time the editor and publisher of a 
newspaper entitled the "Leicester 
Herald.*' He did not, however, con- 
tinue long in this occupation, but left 
it early to engage in the manufactures 
of his native town. To these he applied 
himself with such ability and perse- 
vering industry as to become ultimately 
the principal of one of the most exten- 
sive manufacturing and mercantile 
establishments in the midland counties. 
On the passing of the municipal reform 
bill, the council chamber which had 
been previously closed against the dis- 
senter was rendered accessible, and 
Mr. Harris was soon elected to a seat 
in it by his fellow townsmen. Subse- 
quently the council created him an 
alderman, then conferred upon him the 
office of mayor, and on the 8th of 
September, 1848, lie was entrusted, 
along with his friend J. Ellis, Esq., 
with the representation of his native 
town in the senate of the land. It does 
not consist with the brevity required 
by these pages to describe the events of 
his domestic life, nor to relate the 
many instructive and thrilling inci- 
dents of liis commercial and political 
career. To do tins fully would require 



a volume. It xemmins for ui hevB 
simply to sketch his religimu hiitoaty 
and character, and to notice his oalin 
and peaceful end. 

The period of youth had almost 
passed away ere he was led to eminaoe 
and to profess cordially the prindpleB 
of Christianity. Through the lestrain- 
ing influence of parental example and 
of sabbath school instruction, he was 
preserved from open immorality; his 
disposition also was^ amiable and gene- 
rous, but still his mind was destitute of 
true religion, and became liltimatelj 
even averse to it. 

At the close of the last century thii 
country was not only threatened by the 
military i>ower of France, but wu 
actually invaded by its irreligiooe 
tenets and opinions. Those deisticil 
and infidel principles which, combining 
with the superstition of the nation, 
produced the "reign of terror,'' fooad 
their way into every part of this island, 
and the works of such writers as Paine 
and Voltaire became the oracles of 
multitudes of the population. Being 
endowed with an active and an inqai^ 
ing mind, and with] a taste for reading 
whatever books fell in his way, Mr* | 
Harris thoroughly acquainted himsetf | 
with these '^fascinating yet falladoii* ' 
productions, and, in consequenoe, b^ 
imbibed a suspicion and distrust of th^ 
truth of Christianity which led him t^ 
stand aloof from all, forms of religioO^ 
profession and worship. A simple ii*-^ 
cident, however, soon occurred in \A^ 
history which serves to illustrate tk^^ 
way in which God can acoompliiih 
important purposes by what appear 
us to be the most insignificant mean ^ 
A member of the baptist church th^-- 
in Leicester — a poor man follo¥ring 
humble occupation of a scissors 
but a man of sterling worth and piet. 
was accustomed to call at his fiithi 
house every week. Here he was 
ways cordially welcomed and Uben^ ^ 




UBMOIR OF THE LATE RICIIARB HARRIS, E8Q. 



fi6Y 



I, and Ufl exceUcnoif of character 
leerfalnem of disporition won for' 
le esteem of all the members of 
nilj including the sahject of onr 
ka. This worthy man, of kindred 
; and spirit with Bunjan died, 
lia funeral sermon being an- 
ed, the pious mother of the scep- 
onth invited him to go and hear 
ilial affection and respect for the 
ed, combined with a feeling of 
ity as to what the preacher could 
so obscure an individual, induced 
» complj. The announcement of 
zt excited in his mind the very 
te of serious feelings. The words 
hese : " A great man is fallen this 
I Israel ! " 2 Sam. iii. 38. The 
lent of the subject, however, soon 
n to see that true greatness and 
lUe condition in life are things 
tij compatible with each other, 
hat the Christian, whatever his 
lal circumstances may be, is the 
est style of man.'* The service 
! whole made a deep and salutary 
»ion upon his mind. Rememl>er- 
le happiness which his humble 
mtance had ever evinced in the 
of poverty, and the uniform con- 
yy of his life, the question arose 
mind, whether after all there 
not be a secret in experimental 
n as well as something in its ex- 
evidences of which he was still 



of the Saviour which it tevaali. This 
was the taming point in his religiona 
history. The same decision of diarao- 
ter as that which formed one of the 
elements of his success in life Was 
displayed at this crisis by his severing 
himself from old companions and asso- 
ciations, and by his taking a firm stand 
among the friends of Christ and of 
religion. His deistical books he col- 
lected together and, like the conf erta 
at Ephesns, committed them to the 
flames under the conviction that it was 
as unsafe to place moral as material 
poison within the reach of the inex- 
perienced and incautious. 

On the 21st of September, 1800, he 
was baptized by Mr. Cave, and united 
with the church under his pastoral 
care. His connexion with this church 
was not merely nominal, but he con- 
tinually endeavoured in every possible 
way to promote its prosperity. Robert 
Hall, the "prince of pulpit oMtoxa^** 
succeeded Mr. Cave in the pastoral 
office, and during the whole of his stay 
in Leicester Mr. Harris enjoyed his 
confidence and friendship. Tlie weekly 
visit to his house which Mr. Hall was 
in the habit of paying was always 
anticipated by him with the greatest 
delight, and to the