(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The baptist Magazine"

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 



\ .' 



\ 



* 



?»•■ 



m, 



^ 



f^, Iii3sre .^ 



*>!» 1 



_ y - 




THE 



Kottti^t Mmn^int 



FOR 



1824. 



THE PROFITS 
ARISING FROM THE SALE OF THIS WORK, 

TO THE WIDOWS OF BAPTIST MINISTERS, 

AT THE 



RECOMMENDATION OF THE CONTRIR 



VOL. XVI. 



•^***^**s^*#*****^^**##*^^^* 




SPBAKIMO THE TUVTH IN LOVE. 

£PH. 1¥. 15. 






limtioii: 

PRINTED BY J. BARFIELD, WARDOUR-STREET, SOHO; 

AMD SOLD BT 

B, J. HOLDSWORTH, ST. PAUyS-CHURCH-YARD. 

1824. 



■ ■•■ Jl 



« ' ■ 



'*■■■'' ■: 



■ • ■ I : 



PREFACE. 



VJN reviewiog their labours at the close of another 
Volume of the Magazine, the Conductors devoutly and 
gratefully acknowledge the Divine Goodness which ha^ 
been manifested *^ from the beginning of the year even unto 
the end of the year." 

The recent accession of some of their brethren, highly 
distiBguished for talents and usefulness, as contributors to 
the work, has greatly strengthened the hands of the Editors. 

It is a subject for mutual congratulation, between the 
Propiietors and the Supporters of the work, that, from its 
sale, the Funds for assisting our Widows are unimpaired ; 
while the harmony of its Managers and Editors have been 
uninterrupted. 

Respecting the peculiar tenets of the Denomination, 
while the Editors had no reason to expect they would not, 
or even to wish they might not, be scrutinized, yet they 
had concluded, that empty declamation and scurrility would 
have been no more employed. That those who conduct a 
publication, professing, loudly to respect the *' congregational 
order" of our churches, should have displayed greater 
hostility and virulence than most of their predecessors, is a 
cause, if not of surprise, yet of regret. The Congrega- 
tionalists of the Baptist Denomination are called upon to 
discountenance such illiberality ; and we should expect the 
" confessed Baptists," also, who " belong to the Independent 
Churches :" — unless they can tamely submit to the charges of 
being " great gossips," and ^' great zealots;" as those who 
interrupt their harmony, and destroy their peace,, will evince 
a dignified and Christian disapprobation** 

» 

* Sec Ihc Congregational Magazine fur October i ArlicJc, ** Review 
of Hev. F. A. Cox'f Work on Baptism." 



IV PREFACE. 

The Editors have thought it right| during this year, to 
admit papers oo. t coiitrovefted iufcjdct, relating to their 
own denomination ; viz. *^ Whether baptism be or be not 
a term of communion at tke Lord's table:" — They are 
aware of the delicacy which is required in regard to this 
dispute, and must claim the coofidence ^ tb^ir bf^tbrdh 
as to what shall be printed, and as to the entetit t^ wbich 
the controversy shall be carried. They feel persuaded that 
all their readers would have regretted, bad not twd admirabU 
letters, from brethren differing in opinion, been pub&shcd hi 
answer to taunts and inuendoes that have r^ceotly appeired 
in a monthly dissenting Review;* whicb^ from the first of 
its establishment, lia« been indebted chiefly td the abl^ 
support and liberal encouragement of persotia belonging to 
our Denomination. While the spirit imUiifested in tKe 
letters, referred to, is maintained and preserved, tbeta will • 
be no danger that any disruption of the DenomiiiaUon triti 
be occasioned: — for, though there may be a difference ill 
sentiment, yet the most cordial Ifiterehaoge of kind ind 
friendly offices^ it is hoped, will bd cbntiaued> Mttd the 
associations of our churches remada' uncbrturbed; 

The Editors oaniestly request Minister^, inid bthtts of 
reputation in the Denomination, to employ their influencd 
to promote the increased cireulatioii of Ihe Magazine: if 
some active person in cacb of our cbttTGliesy wottld uad^^-^ 

take to make its objects gmierally bnowiiy it» tale, tkoiigh 

considerable, might be greatly exteikded. 
That the Divine ble^sinjgp may descend In edpioav ibdwet s 

to water and fructify e^very hill off Motlnt Zio»^ aod to iiuike 

the places round about it a blessing ; itoA t¥at Aid Mag^inc! 

may be rendered an emineut mea& fat pro«Mi»g evaafgelidai 

and correct principles^ among, out Chtltaheay. is die ardent and 

sincere prayer of 

TH£ EDITORS. 

Dec. 1, 18^4. 

* Se^ Ihe Eclectic Review for Sept. 1824; Aftiole, " Mr. Hiiito»*s 
Portraiture.** 



THE 



h»ptiit 0Uitimim* 



JANUARY, 1824. 



ON THE EPISTLES TO THE SEVEN CHURCHES. 

INTRODUCTORY ESSAY. 



At the begiBiiiDg^of another of 
tfibse periods ivhieh the revolu- 
tioo of the earth rouod the sun, 
the centre of our system, has pro- 
daced, it will be a suitable em- 
ployment both for individuals and 
churches to adore the divine 
mercy, and again ^* this day to 
consecrate ourselves to the ser- 
vice of the Lord." 

Alas! to how many is the 
description of the ^' barren fig- 
tree" applicable; nor is there 
any christian, nor any church, 
whose existence has been pre- 
served through " another year," 
but is indebted to the loving 
and powerful intercession of the 
Son of God ; the Advocate with 
the Father, *' Jesus Christ the 
righteous.'' 

The subjects which the ** Se- 
ven Churches'' of Asia will bring 
before us, will, it is hoped, be- 
come a holy incentive to those 
who believe in the name of the 
Lord Jesus throughout the com- 
ing year, to ^* bring forth fruit to 
the glory and praise of God." 

In looking over the records of 
Ecclesiastical History^ we meet 
with letters addressed to the 
churches, emanating from bodies 
of the cllergy, when assembled in 
Councils, Convocations, Si/nods, 
aod Associations^ and designed 
to correct the errors which were 

VOL. XVI. 



supposed to prevail, or to stir 
them up to a zealous co-operation 
in the service of religion. Many 
of these bear the impress of Anti- 
christ, and, both in their spirit 
and tendency, oppose the laws 
and interests of that kingdom 
which is not of this world, some 
of them relating to subjects of the 
most trifling, and not unfrequent- 
ly of the most ludicrous import, 
and not a few being totally desti- 
tute of the wisdom that cometh 
down from above, which is first 
pure, and then peaceable, &c. 
while they are full of that which 
cometh from beneath, being 
earthly, sensual, &c. 

To adopt the decisions of any 
of these as authority, and to 
unite them with the directions of 
the scriptures, as the established 
Church of- England has done, 
would indeed be to seek counsel 
at a very uncertain oracle, it be- 
ing well known how those Coun- 
cils were collected, and that the 
will of the reigning prince, rather 
than the deUberative wisdom of 
the clergy, decided the contro* 
verted questions. Indeed, so lit- 
tle dependence can be placed 
upon even the truth of church 
history, after the close of the in- 
spired volume, that no person, 
who wishes to ascertain '* what 
the will of the Lord is" respect- 
ing matters of faith and worship, 

B 



2 



ON THE KPISTLES TO THE SEVEN CHURCHES. 



would rest satisfied with any au- 
thority but that which has the 
stamp of the divine seal, and the 
im|>titttatuc of the. Saviour's hqjid. 
Such are thd infallible marks 
and evidences by which the 
Epistles to the Seven Churches of 
Asia are attested and confirnied. 
It is HE that speaks, whose 
voice was "as the sound of many 
waters/' in whose ** rif»ht hand 
were the seven stars/' the angels 
of the seven churches ; " out of 
whose mouth went a sharp two- 
edged sword/' the sword of the 
Spirit, which is the word of God ; 
and who, as the great High-prjest 
of our profession, " walked in 
the midst of the seven candle- 
sticks," the ** seven churches." 
In Epistles like these we may be 
sure to find sentiments of eternal 
truth, enforced by arguments 
dictated by heavenly love, whe- 
,ther designed for reproof or en- 
couragement, for correction or 
instruction. These are indeed, the 
thoiights that breathe, and the 
words that burn * sentiments the 
most sublime, language the most 
eloquent, dictated by motives of 
, divine purity, having in view the 
spiritual welfare alone of the 
churches^ and the promotion of 
the glory of God. The character 
of the Lord Jesus, as the only 
Head of the church, was sufficient 
authority for demanding the at- 
tention of tliose who were ad- 
dressed. The affection of the 
beloved apostle John, who was 
the amanuensis on the occasion, 
ought to have secured their re- 
jjard ; but, as if these would not 
be properly considered, we find 
the imperative injunction super- 
added by Him who hath all 
power in heaven and in earth ; 
" He that hath an ear, 
let him heaet what the 
Spirit saith unto the 
churches," 



It is generally thought that the 
appearance of our Lord Jesus to 
John^wheu in the Isle of Patmos^ 
was about the year 96 ; conse- 
quently it proves the abiding com- 
passion of the Siiyiour's heart to- 
wards his churches. He had 
twice appeared since his ascen- 
sion to glory before this; at the 
time when Stephen fell a martyr 
to his cause, and when Paul was 
commissioned to carry the gospel 
to the Gentiles. Nor was this 
occasion of less importance, as 
theie churches required, from the 
many corruptions that had crept 
into them, the correcting voice of 
Him who speaketh from heaven, 
all inferior considerations, it may 
be supposed, having lost their 
influence over them. When it is 
considered that scarcely more 
than half a century had passed 
away since the day of Pentecost, 
when a church was formed at Je- 
rusalem, as a perfect model or 
pattern of all others in all suc- 
ceeding times, it is deeply affect- 
ing that such sentiments and 
practices had so early gained a 
footing among them, and, even 
while an inspired messenger was 
still living, who had the rod of 
apostolical authority for correct- 
ing their aberrations from the 
simplicity of Christ. 

There can be no doubt that 
these churches were formed upon 
the congregational plan of disci- 
pline; and that the pastor of 
each, who is called *' the angel," 
or messenger, was a resident 
preaching minister, and the pre- 
sident of the congregation. Upon 
any other principle there is no 
propriety in the letters being ad- 
dressed to him, as, without his 
having been a minister, who was 
** one of them," he could not 
have been implicated in the faults 
which are condemned ; and if he 
had not been the president, he 



S1.EEP. 



tumid not liavc ht^A tlie requisite 

ini«eQC€ to set in order the 

^things that wiere wanting. Dr. 

Doiidndge says, " That there was 

one pastor, who preside 4 in each 

of those churches, is indeed evi. 

dent from the expression here 

used ; but, that he was a diocesan 

i)ishop, or had several congrega- 

•tions of christians under his care, 

can be by no means prored ; 

Dor is there tlie least hint of it, 

that I know of, in any of ihest 

tpisths. 

To suppose, as some eminent 
scholars and pious ministers have 
done, that these Epistles to the 
Seven Churches of Asia were de- 
signed to point out prophetically 
t\\t general state of the Church of 
Christ in the worid down to the 
end of time, is, in the opinion of 
<he writer, to deprive ** the two- 
edged sword" of its edges and 
f)oint, and the words of the Savi- 
our of all their weight and in- 
^nce. To spend their time and 
4abour m Ending out answers to 
the question, ** Watchman, what 
of the niglit V' &c. instead of ap- 
plying the principles of 4hese 
Epistles tp the state of the 
churches under their care, was 
of dangerous consequence to 
their spiritual prosperity. It was 
no wonder that the churches 
were not increased with *' lively 
stones,'' and that b^t few *' spiri- 
tual sacrifices*' were offered in 
them, when the want of zeal for 
Christ, a»d of concern for using 
means for the conversion of sin- 
ners, and tlieological apathy 
ainong the people, led to the con- 
clusion, that, like as at Sardis, 
*' the things that remained were 
ready to die ;" and, like as at 
Laodicea, a spirit of luke- 
warmness prevailed, disgusting 
ai>d offensive to Him whose eyes 
are as a flame of fire. 
The writer is fully of opinion 



that each of these Epistles wa^ 
designed to be a faithful mirror, 
representing perfectly the things 
in his churches which the Saviour 
naturally hates, and of those thiogi^ 
on the contrarv, which he nece^ 
sarily approves; and that the 
principles they contain were to 
be the standard to which the 
churches were to conform them- 
selves, and by which his conduoft 
towards them would be regulat- 
ed, even to the end of the world. 
Why else should it have been 
said to each, and all of the 
Seven Churches, " He thait 
hath an ear, let him hear 
what the Spirit saith unto the 
Churches." The Lord Jesu^ 
gave these inspired directions to 
them, through the ministry of bis 
servant John, that he might 
write them for the instruction and 
reproof and comfort of all his 
churches, until he shall *' come 
the second time to those who 
look for.bim without sta uoto sal- 
vation.'' 

ft is on these principles that the 
writer intends to compose a series 
of Essays, founded upon these 
inspired letters, for the use of the 
readers of the Baptist Magazine^ 
hoping they may tend, through 
the divine blessing, to correct 
the things which are wrong lit 
themselves, and the churches to 
which they belong; and to in^ 
crease those in both which are 

lovely and of good ^report" 

Iota. 

Dec. 19, 1823. 

SLEEP. 



i< 



It has often been remarked, 
that the body whilst asleep, bears 
a very striking resemblance to 
that state when an entire cessa- 
tion of its numerous functions is 
produced by death — and, if I ant 
not mistaken, the activity of the 



SLEEP. 



,-steepless soul — llie vigour which 
it often manifests under the in- 
fluence of fancy — the rapidity 
with which it passes from one 
imaginary object to another, and 
the accuracy with which it often 
retains the recollection of these 
airy rambliugs — these vissionary 
pursuits, though unassisted by 
the corporeal frame, also re- 
sembles that state of conscious- 
ness that remains after the body 
is dead — but there js this differ- 
ence: in the former case all is 
%'ague and s:roundless, even though 
much pain may be endured, 
though tears should be forced 
over our eyelids, or, though plea- 
sures^f an unearthly kind should 
present themselves to our view. 
Should we even touch them, 
taste them, and drink full 
draughts of intoxicating bliss, 
yet we awake and find it was a 
tlream! • 

In the latter case, all will be 
reality — solemn^ certain, and un- 
changeable reality; when we have 
lain down for the last time, when 
we have closed our eyes on the 
world , w hen we have slept the sleep 
ofdeath, our spirits will find them- 
selves introduced to real pleasure, 
real blessedness^ or to real misery 
and distress, of which at present 
we can form no conception. 

Were it not that the constant 
returns of waking hours, succeed- 
ing those of sleep, inspire us with 
confidence, I question if we 
should so readily permit ourselves 
to pass into a state of torpor, or 
if we should court the refreshing 
influence of sleep with so much 
eagerness as we often evince, 
particularly, seeing how very thin 
the petition is that divides this 
world from the next — how short 
the distance from time to eternity, 
and how easy the descent from 
the pillow to the tomb. 

It is well known that we re- 



quire sleep for the preservation 
of animal life ; nor can we long 
exist in the possession of health, 
either of body or mind, if de- 
prived of its salutary and revivify- 
ing effects. Yet, I fear, we too 
frequently undervalue tins ines- 
timable blessing, and class it 
with those mercies that generally 
receive the name of common. To 
learn its worth, we must sufler 
its loss-rdescription fails — in- 
deed, I think it impossible to 
give any adequate idea of the 
sufferings which accompany its 
deprivation. Observe the man 
whose cheeks yesterday glowed 
with health and cheerfulness, but 
who has passed a sleepless night : 
you will find him pale, his eyes 
dim, his temper peevish and se- 
vere. If one sleepless night will 
produce an effect so apparent, 
how truly pitiable must be the 
circumstances of those who only 
obtain a itv/ hours, or a few 
minutes repose, for weeks and 
months successively, ^and to 
whom those few minutes or hours 
only render watching the more 
painful and insupportable ! 

We often hear of persons dy- 
ing, and passing into another, an 
eternal world, under circum- 
stances wherein the external 
senses have not indicated a know- 
ledge of the sudden departure of 
their immortal inhabitant; and 
though these instances may ap- 
pear comparatively few, yet are 
they sufficient to establish the 
possibility of such an occurrence 
in reference to each or to all of 
us. This reflection should in- 
duce every true christian, every 
humble follower of the Lord Je- 
sus Christ, and all who are really 
anxious to promote the cause of 
their Divine Master in the world, 
to work while it is called to-day, 
to improve the pres^ent oppor- 
tunities; and instead of looking 



SLEEP* 



/ 



forward to some more favourable 
sf^ason, ^lien they iinagiiie they 
shall be enabled to net to greater 
advantage, it is tbeir daty to 
grasp each moment as it flies, to 
act n&w, and to act with the de- 
sire, that should death summons 
Ihem from their post without 
intimating his design, they 
nay be prepared, not only ac^ 
tually but habitually prepared, 
to leave all without one sigh of 
regret, or without being upbraid- 
ed by conscience with negligence 
and unconcern for their own wel- 
fare, and the welfare of their 
iellow-nien. This daily antici- 
pation of death will, in a great 
measure, quell those fears and 
subdue those gloomy apprehen- 
sions which often mar the peace 
of christians ; and far from ex- 
citing melancholy, or producing 
iinhappiness, it will tend much 
to familiarize the mind with an 
event, ivhich, received apart from 
the joys to which it affords an 
introduction, is at all times re- 
volting to our nature. 

To the man whose mind is 
iinillumiaed by the regenerating 
influence of the Spirit of God, 
whose prospect beyond the uar- 
TOW boundaries of time is cheer- 
less and uncertain, who only 
hypes all will be well, though in- 
capable of justifying such a hope, 
and who cannot look on death 
but with a shudder of despair; 
to such a man, come how or 
when it will, it must be truly 
terrific; but to approach silently 
and unperceived during the hour 
of sleep, without even a warning 
whisper, is awful in the extreme. 

I suppose there are none who 
bear the christian name, but de- 
sire to partake of the christian's 
privileges. Yet, unless they are 
interested in that Saviour who 
died that guilty sinners may live, 
and who is the only sure founda- 



tion for a christian's Iiope^ unless 
they are distinguished by the 
holiness of their life and con- 
versation, it is impossible that 
they can contemplate death with 
the christian's confidence, or,, 
that they can ever arrive at that 
kingdom which is prepared for 
his reception. 

Oh ! how necessary is it, that 
we all carefully and constantly 
examine ourselves, relative to 
this important subject; for should 
the cold hand of death ere long 
awake us from our slumbers, and 
that on the other side of 
mortality, and should we then 
discover that we have not only 
deceived others, but that we are 
ourselves deceived ; how dread- 
ful will be our situation, how dis- 
astrous our fate! 

Whatever may be our charac- 
ters, whether we are lovers of 
God and the ways of holiness, 
or the slaves of Satan, it is cer- 
tain in a few years we shall all 
take a final farewell of this tr^u- ^ 
sitory scene, we shall mingle our ^ 
ashes with the ashes of our an- 
cestors, and though the time and 
manner are both mercifully and 
wisely concealed from us, yet we 
know the dust must return to 
the earth from whence it was 
taken, and the ** spirit will then ^ 
return to God who gave it.*' 

Yes, the christian must die, 
he must pass through the valley 
of the shadow of death, but to 
him it is ouly the last stage of 
his journey homewards* From 
the hour he turned his face to- 
wards Zion, he has been alter- 
nately fighting and pressing on- 
ward; though often cast down, 
he has not been forsaken, and 
though, perhaps, the enemies of 
his soul now assail him with all 
the malice thiey can exert, though 
they may follow him to the very 
outskirts of his fieshly habitatiuu. 



6 



ON SABBATil-BREAKING. 



still his Saviour^9 rod ntkX stflflf 
support liim, hi^ pminisi^ ^ti- 
counrg^s hirti, and he inSache^ in 
safety " his presenee. Where 
there is fulness of joy," and is 
a^^ign^d a station '^ at his right 
hand, where there ate pleasures 
for evermore." The sinner must 
die! he must pass into the pre- 
sence of a righteotli God, With 
all his transgressions on his head ! 
Ah ! how doth he groan ^nd roll 
frbnt side to side, under the con- 
fiction of divine displeasure ! 
MoW ineffectual are all the at- 
tempts of bis weeping friends 
to soothe his mind, or calm his 
^ars. 

•• TbtmentiD^ p«ngs distract his iM^ast ; 
Where'er he turns he finds no rrsc ; 
Death strike^ the blow— lie groann and cries, 
An6, in despair and horror, dies M' 

Lymingion, Hanti^ J**R. 

GN SABBATH-BREAKING. 

Ati original Fragment, by the 
Rev, R. Robinson, 



* 1, On the nature of the hordes-' 

The setting apiart of one day iii 
seven for the worship of Almigh- 
ty God, is to he considered in 
tiiree different points of view, 
in one view it is an act of moral 
duty, in another it is positive 
ebedience,,iH a third it is political 
virtue. 1 will explain myself. 

Moral obedience is that duty 
which every man as a creature is 
naturally and necessarily obliged 
tp perform. Man is a creature ; 
God is his Creator. This crea- 
ture baih received from his Crea- 
tor all he enjoys. He is in a state 
of entire dependence on God, 
frho governs hiiii by a wise and 
^ood providence. If he discharge 
Sis d"iy* God is able to gratify 
all his just wishes; aiid if he 
neglect it, God is able to punish 
Jiim beyond what his fancy or 
fears can suggest. It is,» there- 



fore, fit and right in the nattrnc &f 
things that every such creature 
shonld sometimes, by some pub- 
lic exercise of devotion, express* 
his belief of the being and per- 
fections of his Creator and Bene- 
factor. He should sometimes 
openly pay him that homage of 
reverence, worship, prayer, and 
praise, which is due both to the 
eminence of his perfections, and 
the excellence of his government. 
Now, this is the duty of a Lord's- 
day, and they who neglect or re- 
fuse to spare time to do it, may 
truly be said to live without God 
in the world. It is then a moraf 
action Id set apart some time for 
public worship. Positive law i» 
the express command of God, 
and obedience to such command 
is called positive obedience. It' 
pleased God, in the infancy of 
the world, like a wise and tender" 
parent, to point out moral duties^ 
to his creatures by positive com- 
mands, and to orcler the Jews to- 
keep holy the seventh day of the 
week. Thus he regulated moral 
obedience by positive law. Just 
as we regulate the natural appe- 
tites of our children for eating 
and drinking, by habituating 
them id eat and drink at conve- 
nient times, and in convenient 
quantities, which we teach them to 
call breakfast, dinner, and supper. 

When Jesus came into the 
world, he came not to establish 
Jewish ceremonies, but to give 
mankind a religion fitted to all 
times, and all parts of the world, 
in order to which it was necessary 
to abolish old rites, and either to 
command or exemplify a more 
i^imJ3le and practicable sort of 
worship. 

The resurrection of Jcsu5 
Christ, that great event on which 
all Christianity depends, came to 
p&ss on the first day of the week. 
It is natural to suppose that this 



ON SABBATH-BREAKtNG. 



event would so affect the apos- 
tles, as to engage them to suspend 
ail secular business, iind to ad- 
dress tlyemselves wholly to religi- 
ous exercises ; soch as social 
prayer, praise, reading and ex- 
amining prophecies, and so on. 
Scripture history assures us this 
natural effect was produced ; and 
it further informs us, that on that 
day week they met again for the 
same purposes, and that after 
Jesus had instructed them in the 
things pertaining to the kins- 
dom of God, they held their reli- 
gious assemblies on the ^rst 
day of the week. Moreover it 
inarms us that the apostles abo- 
lished the ceremonies of Moses, 
and made no exception in favour 
of the seventh day (Acts xv.) 
From all which we fairly conclude 
— that the setting apart of some 
time for public worship is a 
moral action ; tbat'a seventh part 
of time is a just proportion ; and 
that the observation of the Jirst 
day was introduced by inspired 
apostles, whose example in this 
case is equal to a positive law. 

Political virtue is obedience to 
the just laws of our country. The 
lawgivers of Great Britain have 
thought fit to incorporate the 
observation of a Lord's-day into 
their civil statutes. Above 800 
]fears ago, King Athelstan forbade 
by law all profanation of the 
Lord*s-day. Many acts have been 
made since to enforce the obser- 
vation of it. In the reign of 
Charles II. a statute was made, 
by which no person is allowed to 
work on the Lord's-day, or te ex- 
pose auy goods to sale, or to drive 
cattle or waggons, or to travel 
with boats, lighters, and so on, 
except as eiscepted in the act. 
This is now in force (29 Car. 2, 
c. 7.) Our lawgivers have dis- 
<Jovered in these acts, a wise at- 
^tioH to the good of society ; for 



the Lord's-day relaxation, consi- 
dered merely as a civil institution; 
is attended with innumerable ad- 
vantages to the health, morals, 
and interests of the whole nation. 

2, <}f the profanation of the 
Lord*S'day, 

There are two ways of profan* 
ing the Lord's-day; the first is, 
by neglecting to perform the du- 
ties of the day; the other is, by 
practising those things which 
ought on that day to be avoided. 
Most sabbath-breakers do both. 

There are three sorts of duties 
which belong to this day, and 
none of them can be neglected 
without incurring blame. 

The first are exercises of piety 
due to Godf such as prayer, 
praise, public worship,and reading 
and hearing the holy scriptures, 
by which we acknowledge the 
dominion of God over us, and 
our willing subjection to liim. 
Neglect of these is contempt 
of God. It sets his power at 
defiance, and discovers ingrati- 
tude for his goodness, distrust of 
his wisdom, yea, doubt or disbe- 
lief of his being. 

The second sort of duties we 
owe to our fellow-creatures. We 
owe our families a virtuous ex- 
ample. We owe our ministers 
some countenance — we owe ouir 
superiors submission. We should 
encourage and embolden the 
good by our exemplary conduct; 
and we should by the same means 
reprove and correct the wicked. 
Silent obedience is strong re- 
proof. 

The third sort of duties are 
those due to ourselves. — What 
should we thintc of a poor man, 
who having a vine never prunes it, 
or a garden never digs it, or a coW 
never feeds her 1 But how much 
more brutal -must he be, whi9 
having both body and soul, never 
spends a day to relieve the one 



8 



ON SAi^BATH-BREAKING. 



or improve the other T To neglect 
all these on a da^ set apart for 
performing tbeoiy is a profanation 
of the Lord's-day, 

The other way of profaning 
the Sabbath is by doing such ac- 
.tions as ought to be avoided. 
These are of three sorts. 

The first are unlawful actions, 
which ought not to be done on 
any day. To enumerate these 
would be to draw out a list of all 
the crimes that men commit. 
Tiiis, however, we venture to 
affirm, — many crimes, unlawful at 
all seasons, become supremely 
horrid by circun. stances of time 
and place. Drunkenness, for in- 
stance, is always a vulgar, hateful 
vice, even in times of public fes- 
tivity; but to be drunk on the 
Lord's-day, when so many thou- 
sands are lamenting the sin, and 
interceding for the sinner, is to 
4)ifer a public affront to God and> 
all good men. 

The second sort of actions are 
those lawful on other days, and 
unlawful only on this. Of this sort 
are manual labours, public sales 
in shops and elsewhere, and in a 
word, all exercises prohibited by 
either the appointments of God, 
or the just laws of men. 

The third sort are those which 
are improper; not forbidden indeed 
by any positive laws, human or 
divine, but yet evidently wrong, 
because inconsistent with the du- 
ties of the day. To pay and take 
wages, to cast up stock, to post 
books, to write letters of business, 
to read books of amusement, to 
take unnecessary journeys, to pay 
trifling visits, to spend one part of 
the day in going over the grounds 
to see cattle and crops^^ and the 
other in eating and drinking, and 
dressing and smoking, and reading 
the news ;-— what are all these but 
expressions of disregard to God, 
and disinclination to duty. 



3. Of the evOi that follow m 
profanation of the Lord*8'day. 
y It would be endless to recount 
the evib attendant on a profana- 
tion of the Lord's-day. I will 
mention only a few. 

First, the health is impaired. 
Young people left to themselves 
on this dav, have seldom discre- 
tion to proportion their eating 
and drinking to their exercise, or 
their expenses to their income. 
Hence excesses of various kinds ; 
hence indigestions, lasciviousness, 
diseases, chagrin, remorse, ill- 
health, and sometimes death. 

Secondly, Sabbath - breaking 
hurts the reputation ; for he who 
has no fear of God, and no sense 
of religion upon his mind, can 
never, by thoughtful people, be 
reputed a wise, a safe, aiid a de- 
sirable member of a sober family. 

Thirdly, the property is gen^- 
rally wasted ; most Sunday sports 
are expensive in money, fine 
clothes, tea - drinking, generous 
but imprudent treats ; in short, it 
costs a great deal more to break 
the Sabbath and offend God, than 
to please him, by discharging the 
duties he has appointed. 

Fourthly, connections are 
formed not unfrequently without 
the knowledge and consent of 
parents; connections rash, inju- 
rious, fantastical, and fatal 
through life. 

Fifthly, \ht conversation is per- 
verted, and rendered irksome to 
all good men. In Sunday parties 
people are trained up in a habit 
of conversing impertinently and 
iniquitously. Politics, news, 
slander, any thing, every thing, 
nothing ; articles that concern the 
company just as much as to 
know that a crow dropped a fea- 
ther as she flew over yonder 
mountain : this is the food of a 
Sabbath- breaker's empty mind ! 
What a stock of knowledge this 



OK SABBATH^^BBBAKINII* 



for a youth to begin. the world 
with! Sunday *»etii a< tbpusaud 
tongues agoittg- that havenotbing 
to say. Such people are the pity 
of men of religion, and the scorn 
of men of sense* 

Sixtbly« the mind^ of Sabbath- 
breakers^ are left unprincipled^ 
and unprepared for every event. 
Let oa not deceive ourselves ; re*- 
ligioa is a ad^ce ; it must be 
studied to be understood. Yet 
people take it for granted they 
understand it^ though they never 
devoted one day in their lives to 
deliberation and inquiry. Should 
you have understood barley, or 
malt, or beer, if you bad never 
looked or tasted 1 But how came 
you to think you understand re« 
ligiouy without examining 1 Alas, 
what ilia await, the man, wbose 
mind is void of the truths of reli- 
gion i Happen what will, «dl to 
him is poison and death. Doth 
he prosper! he grows proud. 
Do adversities overtake him ? he 
is a cold, comfortless, unhappy, 
discontented thing. Does he 
]ive in health 1 the simpleton 
clings to the world as if he were 
to live here for ever. Does he 
sicken, and must he die } O how 
loth ! how he lingers ! how he 
looks back at a world of woe, as 
if it were man's chief good ! How 
he' hovers and trembles on the 
brink of an eternal world ; now 
stupid, then afraid ; at length 
driven ewmf in hU wickedness, he 
£nds himself before the judg- 
ment*seat of a justly o£Fended 
God I V And this is the last ill of 
Sabbath-breaking. WJiat account 
oC deeds done in the body can be 
give, who has been' wilfully igno» 
rant of hisduty^ and his God; 
who spent all his life in sinning, 
and refused to detote one day to 
repentance? Hell is the prison 
of the universe, where the Gover- 
nor of the worlcl confines the in- 



corrigible ; only, the company of 
the prisoners would be punish'* 
ment enough . But is this all 1 — 
Ah ! who can telll Or who would 
make the fatal experiment] 

4. Eoaaians* 

We seldom find a bad. man 
wicked enough to fill up his cha** 
racter. It requires a great fund 
of turpitude io express fully that 
enmity, against God, which . is 
contained in every act of rebel- 
lion against him. There is. in 
every man a moral sense, a con- 
science accusing , or excusing ; 
and this, yea even his baser pas* 
sions. Fear and shame counter- 
act sinful dispositions. •■ This 
power of resistance is strengthen- 
ed in many persons by education, 
company, occasional hints of 
truth and virtue; and hence 
arise self-dislike, restraint, and 
some degree of .decent action. 
Ignorance of God, love of. sin, 
and numerous examples, plead 
for vice; while glimmerings of 
truth, fear of punishment, and 
hope of reward, contend for vir* 
tue. If the former be, as in all 
bad men they are, the strongest 
and ruling powers, they will go-> 
vem their opponents by evasions 
of duty, and compositions for sin. 
One breaks the Sabbath by neg« 
lecting public worship, and by 
getting drunk, and blesses him- 
self the next day for not commit* 
ting murder. Another goes .to a 
place of worship once a day, 
spends all the rest of the time m 
idleness or debauchery,, and 
thanks God he is not like other 
men. A third keeps open shop 
almost all day, and thinks him- 
self a good christian, because be 
locks the door at church»time. 
A fourth, better than all these, is 
at a place of worship himself by 
way of atonement for his children 
and his servants and cattle, all 
in the yoke elsewhere. A fifth 



10 



ON SABBATH BREAKING. 



Vould not object to go, but I 
the wind is high, the clouds } 
are heavy, the way is long, the 
roads are dirty, and the place is 
cold. Let us not disgrace hu- 
manity, by describing its folly. 
Let us lay aside such childish 
evasions. Let us remember all 
things are naked and open in the 
et/ei of him with whom we have to 
do. To him the hearts of men 
nre without a cohering. You have 
not committed murder ; that is, 
you have not hanged yourself: 
but you got drunk ; that is, you 
drowned yourself. You went to 
a place of worship once in the 
day ; but^he rest of your conduct 
showed your contempt of all you 
heaird. You sold nothing during 
church-time. Why not? Did 
not your customers come? or 
were you afraid of the constable? 
Sordid wretch ! had the fear of 
God restrained thee, thou wouldst 
liave thought him as much thy 
master at eight o'clock as at ele- 
ven. And you, sorry prevarica- 
tor, who send this servant to wor- 
ship, and that to work, what art 
thou doing, but as far as in thee 
lies saying, This servant I appoint 
to be instructed, that I doom to 
Ignorance — this servant is for 
virtue^ that for vice; this is an 
offering to God, that a victim to 
the devil? And you who shudder 
at Sunday inconveniences of cold 
and dirt, where was all your pru- 
dence yesterday, when you dress- 
ed accordingly^ put on the old 
great coat, and went to market. 
Ah ! woe be to you, ye hypocrites, 
ye strain out n gnat, anil ye swal- 
low a camel. The truth is, you 
do not love God ; if you did, 
you wMi4d obey him. 

^, Manner of estimating sin. 

The general method of esti- 
mating moral or immoral actions, 
is partilil, erroneous, and danger- 
ous. If Sabbath breaking were 



alone aad unconnected, if it 
sprang from no inward principle, 
and were attended with no very 
bad consequences, it might be 
accounted an inadvertence, a 
human imperfection, an object 
of pity, but not of blame; but 
whoever traces this practice in 
this country to its real spring, 
will find it proceeds from an in- 
fernal disposition, capable of pro- 
ducing the blackest crimes. 

There is a great deal of sound 
knowledge in that) memorable 
saying of the apostle James, 
" Whosoever shall keep the 
whole law and vet offend in one 
point, he is equally guilty of c///' 
Why? Because, he that said. Do 
not commit adultery, said also. 
Do not kill. If a lawgiver issue 
out ten commands before a sub- 
ject can break one, he must deny 
the power of the lawgiver to en- 
join that one; and when he hath 
denied his power to make that 
one law, he hath in effect denied 
his power to make the rest. Now 
this principle, that God has no 
right to bind his creatures, once 
admitted, a man is prepared for 
every crime. Accidental circum- 
stances may keep him from the 
commission of enormous vices, 
but the chief difhculty is got 
over, if the fear of God does not 
stop him, and if he does not pro- 
ceed further, it is because it docs 
not suit him. 

A Sabbath-breaker is a bold 
sinner. He practically denies 
God*s right to be publicly adored ; 
he says in effect, that his wisdoni 
is not an object of admiration, 
his goodness is not an object of 
public gratitude, his power is 
not to be dreaded, his superin- 
tending providence is not worth 
asking for. Yea, it is not worth 
while to keep up the idea of such 
a being in the world. A man 
capable of all this must have a 



ON SABBATH lUltLAKING. 



II 



very depraved heart, a heart 
capable of noufisbing the most 
idfiinioiis passioits. 

If such ()ersons were capable 
of thiuking, they might be ad- 
dressed in the language of scrip- 
ture; dnd had they feelings, one 
question would rend their hearts 
asunder, — Wherefore do the wick- 
ed contemn God? Contemn God ! 
—what a shocking idea! The 
wickedest of mankind, in some 
circumstskndes, arc incapable of 
this. When thunders roll, and 
lightnings flash, %vben the wind 
cotiies roaring out of its caverns, 
and when waves swell like moun- 
lains, man, bad as he is, is 
not wretch enough to contemn 
God. He trembles eten before 
bis works ; and fire, and water, 
and air, are objects of his horror 
and dread. But who thinks of 
this Ota a fine Sundaj-morning in 
Mayl Yet, is the Omnipotent 
less a deity on a fine day, than in 
a storm 1 Id the human heart to 
be tnastered only by terror 1 Arc 
there no charms in goodness? 
Is there no ingenuousness in man ? 
When illl nature smiles on me, 
shall my gloomy ioul frown at 
God? Far from us be such a 
thought. But wherefore do the 
wicked cobtemn a patient God? 
A wicked boy contemns him, be- 
cause his wicked father contemns 
hint. The wicked father con- 
temns him, because his neigh- 
bouts contemn him. Poor 
ueighbdurd in the parish con- 
temb him, because their masters 
set them the example. But 
sorely in this case, Men of low 
degree are vanity^ and men of 
high degree are a lie : to be laid 
in the balance, they are altogether 
tighter than vanity. The exam- 
ple of a whole world should not 
toove us, for what are millions 
of worlds in coiUparison with 
one God t He who would make 



a just estimate of an action, 
should consider it in all its con- 
nections, the principle from which 
it proceeds, and the end to 
which it tends; A little of this 
consideration would destroy the 
empire of sin. Should a loose 
companion say to a sober youth 
on a Lord's-day tnorning, Go 
with me to-day, ruin your health, 
blast your reputation, kill your 
old father and mother with jjrief. 
be a companion of prostitutes, 
rob your master, and be handed 
at Tyburn, scorn God, and 
plunge yourself into the lake that 
burns with lire and brimstone for 
ever — certainly the undebauched 
lad would trelnble and flee; but 
the tempter concealing all this, 
only says, Don't go to a place 
of worship to-day, spend the day 
with me ; all the rest follow of 
course, for a companion of fools 
shall be destroyed. 

0. No excuse for Sabbath- 
breaking. 

We said just now, whoever 
traced Sabbath-breaking in this 
country to its source, would be 
obliged to own it sprang from a 
very bad heart. The reasons 
are, we have in this country no 
plausible preteuce for the profa- 
nation of the LordVday, and we 
have every inducement to observe 
it. In heathen countries were 
people ever so desirous of keep- 
ing a Lord's-day holy, there are 
no public assemblies, no build* 
ings to meet in, no pious people' 
to meet with, no ministers to in- 
struct, no gospel to preach ; but 
people do not absent themselves 
here from divine worship for 
these reasons. In popish coun- 
tries, some Protestants think it a 
less evil to spend a Lord's-day in 
visiting, than in attending publiq 
service in an assembly where 
the worship of God is dishonour- 
ed with a mixture of idolatry. 



1^ 



THE GREEKS. 



and where silly superstitions 
pass for devotion : but tb€se stum- 
bling-blocks are removed out of 
our way. In times of persecu- 
tion, penalties might affright, 
nights, woods, solitary places. 
Nor can an excuse be taken from 
the insufficiency of any particu- 
lar minister, or the impropriety 
of any particular mode of wor- 
ship ; for liberty of conscience 
bath opened so many places of 
worship, and such variety of 
ministers are employed, that no 
plea is left here* No excuse can 
be made on account of distance, 
danger, or disrepute; for the 
word is near us, no risk is run, 
110 shame is acquired. What 
could have been done for us 
more than has been done? Nor 
can it be said, the motives are 
stronger to profane, than to keep 
a Lord's-day. See a London 
company on a wet Sunday-even- 
ing. *«#*#♦♦«■)• 



CONVERSION OF a VILLAGE. 

A village called Mulhaused, in 
the Grand Duchy of Baden, con- 
sisting of about sixty families of 
three hundred souls, was, at the 
commencement of the present 
year, entirely Catholics. At the 
present moment, forty-eight of 
these families, or four-fifths of 
tlie population, are Protestants, 
and the greater part of the re- 
maining iifth are expected to 
join their former co-worshippers. 
The following is the manner in 
which this surprising change has 
been effected. The Cur6 of the 
village was a man of remarkable 
good sense, and great assiduity 
in his pastoral duties, esteemed 
for his christian virtues, and ad- 
mired for bis learning and mode- 
ration. In his sermons to his 

t The Editors have not altered even 
the form of this paper, that it might 
preserve all its origijiality. 



flock, he endeavoured more to 
, impress on their minds the gene- 
ral truths of the christian system, 
than the particular dogmas of 
the Catholic church. Above all, 
he inculcated the uselessness of 
observing external rites and cere- 
monies to the exclusion or peg- 
lect of internal piety. . Charity, 
justice, and all the moral and 
social duties, were more frequent- 
ly on his lips, than the virtues of 
masses, the power of relics, or 
the pains of purgatory. This 
conduct did not suit the vicar- 
general of his diocese. The Cur^ 
was summoned into his presence, 
reproached for his iaxness and 
moderation, and desired hence- 
forth to evince more Catholic 
zeal, or to leave his cure. The 
good man returned to his village 
undismayed by the menaces of his 
ecclesiastical superior. He called 
his flock together with the seigneur 
of the village at their head, and 
having recapitulated both the doc- 
trines which he had preached, and 
those which the vicar-general re- 
quired him to adopt, he assured 
them that his conscience would not 
allow him to change his system, 
but that he would continue to be 
their pastor as heretofore, if they 
followed him in the old course^ 
and protested against the super* 
stitious bigotry which was at- 
tempted .to be enforced. The 
seigneur, and upwards of forty 
families, immediately joined him, 
and for ever separated themselves 
from the Catholic communion. A 
petition was sent to the government 
to appoint another Cur6 for those 
who contined Catholics, but it 
is now supposed that the expense 
may be spared, as they are rapid- 
ly uniting themselves to the con- 
gregation of their old pastor. If 
the inquisition had existed in 
Baden, this curate and his flock 
would Imve been condemned to 
an Auto-da-fe! 



MISCELLANEA. 



IS 



THfi GREEKS. 

(In Extract from MUton^s Letter to 
the renowned Leonard Philaras, the 
JLthewan.) 

"To the writings of those 
illustrious men which your city 
has produced, in the perusal of 
which I have been occupied from 
my youth, it is with pleasure I 
confess, that I am indebted for 
all my proficiency in literature. 
Did I possess their command of 
language, and their force of per- 
suasion, 1 should feel the highest 
satisfaction in employing them 
to excite our armies and our 
fleet to deliver Greece, the pa- 
rent of eloquence, from the des- 
potism of the Ottomans. Such is 
the enterprise in which you seem 
to implore my aid. And what 
did formerly men of the greatest 
courage and eloquence deem 
more noble or more glorious, 
than by their orations or their 



valour, to assert the liberty and 
independence of the Greeks I 
But we ought besides to attempt, 
what is, I think, of the greatest 
moment; to inflame the present 
Greeks with an ardent desire to 
emulate the virtue, the industry, 
the patience of their ancient pro- 
genitors; and this we cannot 
hope to see effected by any one 
but yourself, and for which you 
seem adapted by the splendour 
of your patriotism, combined 
with so much discretion, so much 
skill in war, and such an un- 
qnenchable thirst for the recovery 
of your ancient liberty. Nor do 
I think that the Greeks would be 
wanting to themselves, or that 
any other people would be want- 



ins to the Greeks. Adieu. 

o 

London, January, 1652. 



♦ Prose Works of Milton, by Sym* 
mons, Vol. I. p. 20. 



;jE(s;cellanea 

HISTORICAL 
ESSAYS. 



No. XXIU. 



Oil the Carrvptim of diristiamty in 
Britain rfmnwg- the Reignof Henry 
VIL A. D. 1486—1609. 



We left the Earl of Richmond, in 
our last essay, master of the field of 
battle, with the sad satisfaction of 
\ritnes8iDg the destruction of his op- 
ponent, Richard III ; an advantage 
^rhich he aud his followers did not 
fail promptly to improve. " Long 
live King Henry VII !" resounded 
from sank to rank, arid a temporary 
crown was presented him, as the 
earnest of that witlj which, if suc- 
cessful, be^hp«|d be invested. He 
soon direct^ his march towards the 
capital, and was received with every 
demonstration of joy in the towns 
and villages through which he 



passed, and with exultation by the 
Londoners themselves. 

Although virtually in possession 
of the throne, be was anxious, as far 
as possible, to supply the defect in 
bis title to it; for such are the dig- 
nity and beauty of virtue, that there 
are seasons when the most vicious 
afifect to be virtuous. He had re- 
course to a power which unhappily 
had not yet lost its influence, pro- 
curing from Rome a bull, in which 
was recited every imaginable pre- 
tension of the applicant to the 
crown, and excommunicating all 
who should disturb bis reign ; and, 
to add to the terror of tlie punish- 
ment, no one was to be excused its 
direful consequences, but in the very 
act of dying, and that only by thu 
Pope himself, or one of his imme- 
diate deputies. 

It not a little contributed tv 
Henry's popularity and success, 
that he who was of the Lancastrian 
family, had promised to espouse 
Elizajjeth of the housje of "York. 
Every lover of peace rejoiced in i\\p 



14 



MISCF.LLANEA. 



prospect of so pleasing & termifialion 
of tlio disgt^cfnl quarrels of the 
two houses, and of the consequent 
civil wars wliicb had so lona^ afiliclcd 
England. Henry, however, could 
not comracHce his reign without 
chowing the powerful inlluence of 
party spirit, which overcame in his 
inin<l the suggestions of policy, and 
the tender and more interesting re- 
quirements of afVection that he ought 
1o have felt and manifested towards 
Ids amiable companion. It marred 
!iis domcistic happiness, diffused dis- 
may and suspicion among his sub- 
jects, created him enemies, and 
stamped an indelible stain oit his 
reign, by leading him to seek and 
clFect the destruction of one after 
{mother of the distinguished mem- 
bers of the house of York. This 
evil disposition of his heart was soon 
perceived by his subjects, and 
alienation and rebellion followed. 
In the neighbourhood of York a ! 
commotion arose, which, however, 
his presence, his courage, and his 
prudence, were instrumental in sub* 
duing. An impostor arose in Lam- 
ijert Simucl, who pretended to be 
the Earl of Warwick, escaped from 
the Tower. He commeneed his 
short career in Ireland, where he, 
was received as Edward VI. and 
was assisted to invade England. 
Henry was completely successful iu 
the battle which ensued, and taking 
bis opponent prisoner, showed the 
greatness of his mind in niiiking him 
a scullion in his kitchen, and ulti- 
mately a falconer in Ins household. 

Unhappily the tranquillity which 
"ensued was not employed by the 
monarch in studying theimprovcment 
and happiness of his people. In 
addition to his unconquerable aver- 
sion to the house of York, avarice, 
and a love of military glory, were 
powerful inmates of his breast. The 
state of the Continent afforded am- 
ple scope for the manifestation of, 
tbe latter; and the preparations 
which he occasionally made, or ; 
talked of making, afforded pretexts 
for indulging the former. Avarice 
was, however, evidently the ruling 
passion of his mind ; and as is parti- 
cularly the case with this propensity, 
its influence increased with age, 
and left its possessor poor amidst his 



heaps of gold. If no warlike prp- 
parations afforded a pictext for 
taxation and imposition, every cir- 
cumstance of the least 'plausibility 
was seized as an occasion of extor- 
tion ; the forfeiture of property be- 
came an ordinary mode of punish- 
ment, the amount of which was 
more frequently regulated by the 
wealth of the offenders, tlian by the 
nature of the crime — by the will of 
Ihe king, rather than by any well- 
defined law. His agents were well 
selected for his pitiful purpose; and 
the influence of this passion on his 
mind was still more strikingly shown 
by his habitual watchfulness over 
them, minutely examining their ac- 
counts, and passing them as an audi- 
tor with his own hand. 

Another impostor disturbed the 
middle of his reign, by persoruiting 
the young Duke of York, who, it 
was pretended, instead of being 
murdered by his uncle, as had been 
vulgarly believed, had judiciously 
concealed himself until some fa- 
vourable opportunity should invite 
his appearance. As it is among the 
inconsistencies of our nature to be- 
lie ve what accords with its wishes, 
ev^n in the absence of evidence, 
and often contrary to it, Perkin 
Warbcck was believed and counte- 
nanced by many : it was the inte- 
rest of foreign princes to show him 
favour, (if wc judge of interest by 
the rules of worldly policy) ; and, 
among others, the king of Scotland 
not only received him at his court, 
but provided him a consort of rank, 
and accompanied him in his unsuc- 
cessful incursions into England. As 
tl>e chief use Henry made of this 
event was to demand new supplies, 
the brave Cornish men refused pay- 
ment, and marched to the very gales 
of London to expostulate or resist: 
but they were quickly dispersed. 
This pretender, however, soon lost 
his influence, and was fmally ex- 
ecuted at Tyburn. 

A third impostor, personating the 
unfortunate Earl of Warwick, now 
appeared, which but led to the ex- 
ecution of that nobleman, who was 
accused of disturbing the king's 
government. Henry ha<l been so 
successful in his suppression t»f re- 
bellion, in the detection and «xpo- 



MISCELLANEA. 



15 



sure of prelonsion, in tbo nccnmu- 
latioD of wealth, and in bis general 
managementy tbat bis alliance was 
uoivcrsaJIy courted by foreign 
prioces : even tbc pope invited bim 
to join in a crusade to tbe holy land. 
Uain term p ted peace ensued; but it 
was a melanclioly peace to those 
who experienced tbe fines, forfeit- 
ures, and seizures, which abonndod, 
ai)(l which informers were employed 
and encouraged to multiply. 

But even kinf^s must die, and 
Henry, at last, began to feel |the 
forcbodiog^s of death, and tbc dread 
of its approach. Memory is ever busy 
when the conscience is awakened; 
aod, in addition to tbe distribution 
of alms and the founding of religious 
houses, he directed in his will that 
restitution sbonid be made to (all 
whom be had injured, ignorant it is 
to be feared of the only means of a 
sinner's acceptance with God. He 
died of a consumption in tbe fifty- 
second year of his age. 

The review of this reign suggests 
many osefnl reflections, at but a 
few of /which we can merely hint. 
May the thoughtful youth improve 
and multiply them. These are, the 
great danger of exalted stations; 
tbe direful consequences of party 
spirit, in proportion to the elevation 
of its victim, — a spirit not confined 
to politicians, hut occasionally in- 
juring and disgracing tbe professors 
of religion ; and the awful effects of 
covetousness, emphatically styled 
idolatry hy the Saviour himself. 

II. S. A. 



Extracts of Letters from a Gentleman 
at Smyrna^ August 6, 1823. 

A FEW weeks hack, I joined three 
English travellers in a tour to Ephe- 
sus: this place is about fifty miles 
from Smyrna. This distance is no- 
thing with yon, hut wc found it no 
trifle when travelling on horseback 
over mountains and through marsh- 
es, and armed as we each were with 
pistols and guns ; we took witli us 
a Janissary as a guide, with other 
attendants. Our cavalcade con- 
sisted of eight horses, and the jour- 
ney occupied three days and nights. 
We bad no inns or places of slicltcr 
beyond were cattle-sheds, or occa- 



sionally A spreading tree to 'screen 
11^ from thfi ixirning beat of the mid- 
day sun. We were compelled to 
undergo great fatigue, hut I will 
not trouble you with a detail of our 
progress tliero ; aud, indeed, it 
would be a shame totalkof ditficnl- 
lies in a journey which led mo to a 
view of the remains of that onco ce- 
lebrated city which cannot bo seen 
with other than deep interest; for 
although Diaiia*a temple, and all 
tlie other works of art lie in rnins, 
yet Ephcsus in too intimately con- 
nected with the earliest ages of 
Cbrisliaoity to be forgotten, or .to 
be beheld with indifference. It must 
have been an imrnense place, for the 
extent of tlie ruins is astonishingly 
great : there are remains of fallen tem- 
ples, theatres, archways, and aque- 
ducts; and immense blocks ofgranitc 
and marble lie strewed about in all 
directions. Pillars, some standing 
upright, though half buried in ruh* 
bish, others lying down, are seen in 
numbers; here and there stands a 
solitary but noble archway. Tbe 
remains of Diana\s templn are point- 
ed out; within its shattered walls 
are some beautiful and majestic co- 
lumns, nearly twenty feet in cir- 
cumfercnco and forty feet in lengtli, 
in 9ne solid block, I have sent a 
fragment of a capital to London : 
you may call it a fragment of one 
of tlie seven wonders of the world 
among the ancients.* In another 
place are the walls of an immense 
building, all of white marble; witliin 
are four fine red granite pillais of 
immense weight, formed of one solid 
piecK, Thu scanty limits of a slieet 
of paper will not afford room to say 
half I would upon this int6re.sting 
place. In geueral terms it would 
be described as a mass of ruins over- 
grown with thistles and tail weeds. 
It must have been an earth- 
(|uakc, or a series of earthquakes, 
that could overset such a mighty 
place: it is now entirely deserted 
by iiumau kind, excepYinf; a few 

r - ' - - - - ■ — - - - - — ' .-- - - - 

* This is now in the possession of 
the writer's family, and although 
rough, and with but slight marks of 
the chisel apparent, is regarded with 
deep interest as a lelic of former gran- 
deur. 



Ifi 



OBITUARY. 



Turkish goatherds, who have raised 
mud huts to shelter them from the 
Mrinter rains ; and of these there are , 
not perhaps more than twentjr' or 
thirty, whio, with the few traveiter» 
"whom curiosity may coudnct thi- 
ther, are the only individuals that 
disturb the numerous bands of storks 
and jackdaws, whose ancestry, per- 
haps for some hundreds of years, 
have held quiet possession of the 
roofless walls of the far-famed <:ity 
of Ephesus. 

AuguH79, 1823. 
You have already heard, I dare 
say, that I have lately been to 
Ephesus. I need hardly say that 
I visited that place with intense in- 
terest, although it now only presents 
a scene of desolation. I am sorry 
I cannot, in so short a limit, give 
you sopie description of what we 
saw. I may, perhaps, at my leisure, 
%vrite a detailed account of our trip, 
when i shail tak^^nbre you shall see 
it. I must just tell you that on our 
journey to Ephesus, (for there were 
three gentlemen with me,) we wit- 
nessed what might give no very im- 
perfect idea of the plague of locusts, 
such as the Egyptians once expe- 
rienced — tlie atmosphere was not 
darkened with them, but about 
twetve miles before we reached the 
plain on ivhich Ephesus is situate, 
we encountered an army, or a flight 
of locusts, extending itself over 
many miles of country; the earth 
was literally covered with them ; it 
would have been almost impossible 
to drop a shilling on the ground, 
without its falling upon one of these 
insects; and so numerous were they 
in the air, that by partially shutting 
the eyes, they had just the appear- 
ance of a fall of large flakes of snow; 
but as we passed along, they were 
^ood enough to get out of the way, 



and would not wait to be trod upon. 
We had occasion, having met with 
a well of tolerable water, to stop 
and refresh our horses when in the 
midst of ihik WiuHitude of locusts, 
and wo also sat down to take some 
refreshment too, when they assem- 
bled on our loaf of bread, jnst as 
hungry flies will upon a sugar bason : 
we threw two or three lumps of 
bread at a little distance from us, 
which, in a few seconds, were com- 
pletely devoured. These locusts are 
of a sort of light brown or nankeen 
colour, and about the size of the two 
top joints of the little finger, and 
they are the same species as in some 
seasons overspread the country, and 
devour every particle of herbage. 

The Emblems of Death terrifying to 
the Gay and Worldly* 

It has often been said that the 
" King of Terrors, is the terror of 
kings." The following anecdote 
will illustrate the fact. After the 
birth of the Dauphin of France in 
1781, all the difi'erent trades strove 
to excel in their appropriate devices 
in a public procession. Madame 
Campan says, ^' The king [Louis 
XYI.] remained a long time upon 
a balcony to enjoy the sight. The 
whole court was delighted with it. So 
general was the enthusiasm, that 
(the police not having carefully ex- 
amined the procession,) the giave- 
diggers had the impudence to send 
their deputation also with the em- 
blemalic devices of their ill-omened 
occupation. They were met by the 
Princess Sophie, the king's aunt, 
who was thrilled with horror at the 
sight, and entreated the king to 
have the audacious fellows driven 
out of the procession, which was 
then drawing up on the terrace.'' 

Memoirs of Maria Antoinette, p. 213, 



^ituar^ mtf ^mnt Beatjsf 



Rev. WILLIAM WARD. 

(From the Monthly Friend of India, 
for April, 182S.) 

We are now called to mourn oVer 
one of the most afflictive dispensa- 



tions with which we have ever been 
exercised. Our dear brother Ward, 
whose help and christian society wo 
have enjoyed for nearly twenty-four 
years, has been removed by death 



OBITUARY. 



17 



almost without any warning. Since 
hisretam frpm £lurope, his health 
had been in general pretly good; 
but latterly the complaint with which 
be was so much afflicted before his 
departure for Europe, — indigestion, 
attended i^rith difitressing Hatalency 
in tiie sloinach, appeared to be re- 
tnmihg upon faim in »o great a de- 
Kree* as to compel him lo abstain 
from rice in every form, from nearly 
til vegetables, from beer and every 
kind of wine, and from most kinds 
of meat. By strictly observing this 
coorse, however, and taking abnn- 
dant exercise on horseback, his 
health seemed so much preserved, 
as to give us hope that he might be 
spared to us for years to come. On 
the Sabbath preceding his death, he 
was at Calcutta, and preached in 
the evening there from, '* Lead us 
not into temptation/' in so searching 
a manner, as to attract particular no- 
tice. He also attended the Month- 
ly Frayer-meeting held on Monday 
evening at the Lall-Bazar Chapel, 
after having spent the day in visit- 
ing, for tiie last time, the flock be 
so much loved. 

On Tuesdfiy momiBg, March 4fh, 
he returned to Serampore in the 
hoat with Mrs. Marshman : and on 
the way up read to her a number of 
extracts from Brainerd, making such 
feniarks occasionally as sufficiently 
evidenced the state of his own mind. 
He appeared quite well the w hole 
of that day, as well as the next, 
Wednesday the 6th, in the evening 
of which be preached in the Mission 
Chapel at Serampore the weekly 
lecture, intended chiefly for the 
7outli there for education, from 
Mark xvi. 16—" He that believeth 
and is baptized ishall be saved, and 
be that believeth not shall be damii- 
ed." No one suspected that this 
^as the last message he bad to de- 
liver in bl« Great Master's name; 
but the close and poignant manner 
in which he addressed them, seem- 
ed to excite unusual attention. It 
was particularly recollected, that in 
the course of his sermon, while he was 
exhibiting Christ as the only Saviour, 
he repeated the following verse : 
The best obedience of my hands 
^ares not- appear before thy throne ; 
But faith can answer thy demanda, 
B7 pleading what my Lord has doue j— 

VOL. XVI. ' 



and to impress it the more firmly on 
his audience, he repeated the verse 
a second time. The earnest affec- 
tion with whi(rh he prayed for the 
salvation of his own children in hit 
last prayer, was particulaily re- 
marked. 

He retired to bed about ten quite 
in as good health as usual: but 
about five in the morning of Thurs- 
day the 6th, bo felt himself alTeCtcd 
with a bowel complaint, and instead 
of taking his morning ride as usual, 
he returned to bed for an hour. At 
the weekly meeting for prayer, how- 
ever, (which he and his colleagues 
established more than twenty-two 
years ago, and which, amidst every 
discouragement and affliction, has 
not, we believe, been omitted for 
three weeks in tiio course of these 
twenty-two years,) be united with 
his brethren aiid sisters as usual. 
Thus after more than twcntv-thrce 
years* labour in prorhoting this ob- 
ject in the most ahsiduous and in- 
tense manner perhaps ever known, 
he closed his public life by unltii.g 
in prayer with his brethren for the 
continuance of the Di\inc blessing 
on the work. 

After the prayer-meeting, which 
from the beginning has been held 
at seven in the morning, be break- 
fasted with the brethren and sisters 
at Dr. Marshmairs, where it has 
been for many years the custom for 
nil, with any friend occasionally at 
the Mission -house, to !)rcakfast to- 
gether afterwards, and converse on 
the things which relate to the ad- 
vancement of the kingdom of God 
around them. IJe entered so much 
into discourse of this nature that 
morning, that no one suspected him 
to be at all ill, beyond Iris having a 
slight bowel complaint,'wiih him not 
uncommon. lie went into the 
printing-office as usual about ien, 
and among various letters on busi- 
ness, he wrote to the brethren Peg^s 
and Bampton at Cuttack, in the 
course of the forenoon ; the follow- 
ing extract from which was sent to 
his afflicted family in an affectionate 
letter fiom Mrs. Feggs, dated the 
14th of March, the day after they 
bad received from Dr. Marshman 
the melandioly tidings of his re- 
moval. — " In his last note to us 



18 



OBITUARY. 



dated March the ath, he says, * Hoiwr 
do you feel in your desires after tbo 
Holy Spirit? We caq have no hope 
of scLccess but as we are brought to 
a believing dependence upon his in- 
fluences, and ail earnest solicitude 
to obtain them. Oh' how I should 
like to be among yon, though oply 
for one hour, to sing a hymn with 
my dear sisters and brethren Peggs 
and Bampton. What hymn should 
^e choose, ' JesUs with all thy si^jnls 
above?' — or, * Jesus I love thy 
charming name V " Mrs. Peggs 
properly adds, " We see? by this 
note what a happy frame of mind he 
was in just before he was taken i\V* 
He had indeed been really ill in the 
ekolera many hours before he wrote 
this note, although be was scarcely 
aware of it, and continued so assi^ 
duously pursuing that work of his 
dear Redeemer to which he had for 
so many years devoted every mo- 
ment of his life, not spent in sl9ep 
or refreshment. About eleven, Dr. 
Marsbfnan going into the office and 
thinking he looked very ill, earnestly 
questioned him on the subject Our 
beloved brother then told him, that 
be bad been quite ill in the morning 
wtth a bowel comprint, and im- 
puted it to his havi^ taken a little 
cold during the night Dr. M. then 
begged him not to neglect this com- 
plaint, but to have instant recourse 
to medicine. Dr. M. however had 
not the least idea of its being the 
cholera, as he bad not then heard of 
his having thrown up any thing, 
which is one of the symptoms usu- 
ally accompanying this disease. 
The day after his death, however, 
he learned with unspeakable psgijo, 
that he had thrown up much hil<|$ 
even before breakfast. 

Qur lamented brother continued 
to go on doing business in the print- 



Respecting his state then, the fol- 
lowing particulars have been kindly 
given us by his eldest daughter. 

** Whqn my dear father came from 
the office and reclined on the spfa, 
I WHS sitting in the same room wri- 
ting a letter, an^ my mother was 
busily engaged in another room. I 
supposed he was fatigued, and said 
nothing about his lying down. 
When on the sofa, be in his usual 
affectionate way asked me, what I 
was doing? to which I replied, 
* writing a letter.' He was cheerful, 
and said something which occasion- 
ed us both to smile. Some time 
softer, Mr. ^oloipon came in and in- 
formed hipn that his child was just 
dead of the cholera: my beloved fa- 
ther assured him of his sympathy, 
and gave directions to another na- 
tive brother to see that a coffin was 
made for the child, adding, * 1 fear 
I have somelhipg of the cholera my- 
self.* This startled mo ; for this was 
the first intimation I had of his being 
ill. I asked him to let me send for 
the. doctor. He replied, * No, child, 
His nothing pf consequence.' Hap- 
pily, however, 1 did not wait for 
his leuve ; but wrote to the doctor, 
begging b^ would call immediately 
to a^o my father. He came, and 
my father again rcipeated his fears 
that he had a slight attack of the 
^liolera. The doctor told him there 
w^s i)tp reason to think so, and said 
he would send him some medicine, 
iust before the doctor came, I went 
and told my mother, that I feared 
my dear father was seriously ill. 
She was alarmed, and asked him 
how he felt; to which he replied, 
* not well,' as not appearing to ap- 
pr^heind ;my danger. It being din- 
ner time^ and my father being asleep, 
^ we thought it best to leave him, as 
he seemed anxious to remain quiet. 



ing office till pasttwelve,i|i which in- As soon as dinner was over, I came 
terval he wrote the letter to brethren into the room where we bad left hioi 
P'eggs and Bampton, from whu;bl'aikie«p; but not finding him there, I 
the quotation is taken which so fully . went into the next room. Some 



discovers the happy state of bis 
mind. After this b^ began a letter 
to the Rotterdam Bib^ Soetetyy 
which was found unfinished on his 
desk after his death, from which it 
appeared that before he had finished 
the second line, he was constrained 
to desist, andfeture to bis own room. 



miRiUfta ftfter I Ueajrd him make a 
noise as if c^ing some one. 1 ap- 
proached bin, and asked what he 
wanted; to which he replied, * No- 
thing, child, only I feel very ill/ 
I immediately ran to my mother^ 
hegging her to come to my father. 
She came, and learning from him 



<e'. 



OBITUABT. 



19 



that he had the cramp, r ^ feeling 
his hands cold, she burst into tears, 
and kintUy remonstrated with him 
for having couccaled his stfite sq 
long. He bejjc^ed her to make her- 
self easy, addiag, * Call hrotber 
Carey and brother IVlarshman.* I 
ran instantly to do this, and in a 
few minutes the alarm spread 
throngh the premises, and brought 
the brethren and sisters from every 
side. Dr. Mtindt had come again, 
and seeing the disorder gain ground, 
prescribed and applied what it 
seemed immediately to require." 

While Dr. Carey and the sisters 
were occupied about our brother. 
Dr. Marshman tool$: the boat and 
crossed the river to Barrackpore, to 
bring niore medical aid. Meeting 
with Dr. Grierson at home, who^as 
succeeded Dr. Chalmers there, and 
who kindly attended Dr. Carey 
aboot three montlis before, he 
brought him over with him. Dr. 
Grierson coincided with Dr. Mundt 
respecting its being the Cholera, and 
among other things they prescribed 
thot bath. This he took about sii^ 
io the evening, and seemed greatly 
refreshed, but felt exceedingly in- 
clined to sleep, or at le^st to doze. 
The qnedical gentlemen then in- 
treated th^t he might be left to him- 
self, in the hope of bis getting a lit- 
tle sleep, adding, that this would do 
more for him than any medicit^e 
they coi^|d give. In consequence of 
this, IV^rit. Ward and all his brethren 
3m4 sisters refrained (torn contersa- 
tion with, liim on the state of his 
ound; ^pd remained waiting the 
issue ii^ ^ state of suspense which 
words cannf^t easily ^escribe. 

AboMt niiie in the evening, he told 
Mrs. Ward that he felt himself sen- 
sibly better, and was not in any kind 
of pain. This excited great hope 
•that he would be uble to obtain 
sleep during the night Four or fise 
therefore remaining with him, among 
whom was our young brother, Mr. 
Bronsdop, who watched with him 
during the whole of his illness as a 
SOD over a father, and Mr. William- 
son, who being acquainted with me- 
dicine himself, assisted with the two 
medical gentlemen in ' consulta- 
lioiis respecting him, and remained 
wil^ hifu continually to see their 



prescriptions administered ; the rest 
r'eiired. Our deceased brother re- 
mained quiet and free from pain, 
apparently sleeping, till about tep at 
night, when he complained of a paia 
in the right ifide, particularly when 
he turned himself. Mr. WilliamaoA 
immediately went to Dr. Mundt to 
consult him. He advised a fomen^ 
tatiou of the side if the pain should 
continue. This was tried, and gav« 
immediate relief. With this excep- 
tion he was free fiom pain, and per- 
fectly quiet during the night, ap- 
pearing in a dozing state and saying 
nothmg; Mrs. Ward and his bre-» 
thren, (torn the fear of preventing 
his obtaining sleep, still forbearing 
to convcr^ with him. 

As ip 4^^ morning there appeared 
yery CQ4uuderable hope of his raco- 
very« Dr. Carey went to Calcutta in 
the coursf) of his college duty as 
usual: and Dr. Marshman again 
went over the river for Lk*. Grierson, 
that ho might assist in consulting 
relative to his case. On Dr. G.'a 
arrival, the medical gentlemen re- 
commended a clyster, as the calomel 
he had taken during the night, had 
produced no elfect It was iioped 
that this would have rtflieved him 
greatly ; and that as ho had for so 
many hours been free from pain, h« 
would immediately have felt better. 
Dr. Griersiiu indeed said, that ho 
thought there was no cause for 
alarm respecting his case ; and to 
Mrs. Ward's inquiry, our dear bro- 
ther himself said, that ho telt better. 
The clyjster however produced no 
effect ; but he still continued quiet 
and easy. Another clyster was then 
prescribed; but by the time it was 
ready, he appeared so weak that his 
medical attendants forbore to ad- 
minister it. He was still perfectly 
free from pain however; aad as Jato 
as ten in the morning we bad hopes 
of his recovery. But about eleven^ 
Mrs. Ward offering him something 
durected to be given, he gently put 
it away with his hand, and with a 
sigh said, '* Oh dear ;'* — which wer« 
the last words he was beard to utter. 
Though he continued perfectly quiet 
and apparently free from pain, about 
twelve his pulse declined so much 
as to take away all ha|>e ; and about 
five in the atteriioun he ceased to 



20 



OBITUARY. 



breathe, in so iitiperceptiblc a man- 
Ber, however, that we lor some mo- 
ments were scarcely aware that his 
happy spirit had left its tenement of 
elay. Dr. Carey had returned about 
au boar previously. His step-son, 
Mr. John Fountain, to whom he had 
ever been the father, and Mr. B. W. 
Marshman, had arrived from Cal- 
cutta to see him, six or seven hours 
before bis departure ; but he was too 
far gone fully to recognize them. 
- Thus in the fifty-fourth year of his 
age, aud the twenty-fourth of his Mis- 
sion ary labour sat Seram pot e, depart- 
ed one of the most faithful, disin- 
tere.sted, and arduous labourers in 
the vineyard of his Glorious Re- 
deemer, that India has ever seen. 
To enlarge on his character here 
would be quite superfluous; it is 
too well known to those who enjoy- 
ed the happiness of his acquaint- 
ance, for words to add any thing to 
the impression it has left on the 
mind. The next day, the news of 
bis departure having been sent early 
to Calcutta, the Rev. Messrs. E. 
Carey, Jam^s Hill, Adum, Schmid, 
and Jetter, arrived from thence to 
pay the last testimony of respect to 
bis memory, together with Messrs. 
Penney, Lindeman, Pearce, Kerr, 
Ricketts, and various other friends. 
At five the corpse was conve3'ed to 
the Missioh burying-ground in a 
b^arse, the body together with the 
coffin being so heavy, that it was 
feared oar native bretliren and the 
friends around would not have been 
able to convey it, as the distance 
was nearly a mile. All of them at- 
tended the funeral, however, with the 
servants of the printing-oflice, the 
paper-mill, &c. to all of whom our 
deceased brother was like a father. 
The various gentlemen in Serem- 
por^ and its neigh bourbbod were also 
present, and a number from Bar- 
^ackpore on the opposite side of the 
river. Previously to moving the, 
corpse from the house, the Rev. £. 
Carey engaged in prayer; at the 
grave the Rev. James Hill gave out 
the t^th Hymn in the Selection, 
"Jesus thy blood and righteous- 
ness ;'* after which Dr. Carey ad- 
dressed the congregation on this 
afflicting and awful providence, 
both in English and Bengalee; 



and Dr. Marshman concluded in 
prayer. 

The next Lord's-day week, the 
16th March, Dr. Carey preached a 
funeral sermon for our deceased 
brother, at the Lall-Bazar Chapel 
in Calcutta, from Prov. x. 7, "' The 
memory of the just is blessed," to 
the largest congregation ever seen 
at the chapel. Many friends of reli- 
gion, and multitudes drawn by per- 
sonal esteem, taking this opportuni- 
ty of testifying their respect for his 
memory. On Wednesday evening, 
the 19tb, Dr. Marshman preached a 
funeral sermon for our beloved bro- 
ther, in the Missi<m Chapel, Seram- 
pore, at which were present the Go- 
vernor, his Excellency Col. Krefting, 
and nearly every European inhabit- 
ant of Seramporc, both Danish and 
English, with a number from Ishera 
and Barrackpore. As he had fixed 
on no passage of scripture himself, 
Dr. M. took this declaration of the 
apostle's as expressing the language 
of our deceased brother's inmost 
soul ; " By the grace of God I am 
what I am.*' At the request of the . 
Rev. James Hill, Dr. Marshman, on 
the next LordVday, March 23rd,- 
prcacl»ed a funeral sermon for him 
from the same text to a congrega- 
tion of perhaps six hundred, at the 
Union Chapel, the pulpit and desk 
of which were hung with black as a 
testimony of esteem. In this dis- 
course a few particulars were given 
respecting our deceased brother; 
with whom and Mrs. Ward, the 
preacher and, Mrs. Marshman had 
come from England iu the sum- 
mer of 1799, and whom he had 
therefore known in the most inti- 
mate manner for nearly twenty- 
four years. As the Rev. Mr. Hill 
and others have strongly requested 
it, shpuld the pressure of business 
admit of its being prepared for the 
press, the sermon with these parti-^ 
culars, may possibly appear in the > 
course of two or three months. 

in reviewing this sudden and af- 
flictive providence, various reflec- 
tions crowd on the mind. The 
first are, those of almost indescriba- 
ble distress at the loss sustained, not 
only by the denomination to which 
our brother belonged, but by the 
church and the cause of God at iargt^ 



OBITUARY. 



21 



pvticularly aa for as relaies to India; 
for alUiougU bis family and his im* 
mediate colleagues in the work, of 
God, feel Uie sense of their loss in- 
creased by all that refcoHectieo of 
bis worth as a man, a christian, a 
husband, a father, a coUeague and 
brother, which the space of nearly 
twenty- four years, spent in perhaps 
the g^reatest degree of social hnppt- 
ness capable of being enjoyed on 
earthy mu^t continually fnrnisii ; our 
brother waA not a man<wbo confined 
his regard for tJie pause of God to 
one. denominsiion. He Joved all 
who loved the Redeemer, and sought 
to promote hU cause. Hence his 
death is a public, loss to religion; 
and those particularly whose spiri- 
tual good he laboured to promote, 
and whose hands he laboured^to 
strengthen by his preaching, his 
prayers, and his extensive corres- 
pondence, whether they be in India, 
Europe, or America, cannot but 
feel this bereavement. 

But while we thus mourn the loss of 
our beloved brother, and cherish the 
most tender affection for bis memo- 
ry, it becomes us to beware of sin- 
ning against God under this dispen* 
sation. It becomes us to recollect 
that every thing which rendered 
him so dear to us and such a bless- 
ing to the cause of God, arose 
wlioUy from the grace of God so 
richly manifested in him. This 
grace still remains an inexhaustible 
fountain. While we mourn his loss 
in the deepest manner, therefore, to 
suffer our hearts to sink in despon- 
dency, as though the Great Re- 
deemer did not still live 4o carry on 
bis own work, who is the Sovereign 
Head of his Church, and from whom 
come not only every gift intended 
for the use of his cause, and all that 
diligfuice and love which may ena- 
ble a man possessing such, to la- 
bour even more abundantly than 
otbersy but the blessing which must 
render these gifts and this labour 
effectual, and without which even K 
Paul might plant, and an A polios 
water wholly in vain,^ — would be to 
sin against God, and to act contrary 
to the examples -left us on divine 
record. When Sanl» and above aU 
Jonathan, was removed, by whom 
the iiord had done such great things 

VOL. XVI. 



for Israel; David, in the midst of 
grief, perhaps never exceeded, "bade 
them teach the children of Judah tlio 
use of 'the bow,** io prepare them 
for future action, and exhorted the 
men of Jabesh Gilead, who bad a1- 
rsady distinguished tliemselyes by 
their activity and energy, to strength- 
en their hands, and be valiant, 6c- 
canse of the affliction whieh had then 
overwhelmed Israel.— When Hor, 
and Aaron, and even Moses, were 
called to rest from tbeir labours, the 
command of God himself to Israel 
was, to go forward in tUeir way, to 
be '* strong and very courageous*' 
amidst the overwhelming grief which 
must have filled their miiids at being 
thus deprived of all. those who had 
gone in and out before them for so 
many years ; — and his promise was, 
that in thus doing he would be with 
them, cause them to overconie their 
enemies, and possess the promised 
land. 

In the beginning of the (Jospel, 
also, when Steplien was prematurely 
removed in the midst of his high 
career of usefulness; a man '"'full 
of faith and of the Holy Ghbit/' 
who so preached the Gospel that his 
fiercest adversaries were not able to 
resist "the wisdom and the Spirit 
by which he spake;*' how deeply 
must the loss of such a man have 
been felt by all who loved the cause 
of God, then so much in its infancy. 
We do not find, however, that while 
they so feelingly " made great la- 
mentation over him," the disciples 
and brethren had the least idea of 
lying down in despondency. On 
the contrary, they took courage, and 
" weiit every where preaching llie 
Gospel;" and respecting some of 
them it is expressly recorded, no 
doubt for our encouragement, that 
" the hand of the Lord was with 
them, and a great number believed 
and turned- to the Iiord."* And 
when, a year or two aft*r this, 
James, one of the three disciples so 
eminently distinguished by our Lord 
during his life, and so justly esteem- 
ed one of the "pillars" of the infant 
apostolic churchy was prematurely 



♦ 5ee Acts xi* 21. 



2% 



OBITUARY. 



cot o? by tbe sword, Peier also be* 
ing seized aiul pat in prison, we do 
not fiad that tbis bad any other effect 
cm Ihe minds of the other brethren, 
than that of caasing^ tbem to make 
prayer to God without ceasing^ for 
Peter, and oo doubt for the cause 
of God in t^eneral, that it mi^^ht not 
suffer by these afflictions. And by 
far the greatest extension of the 
Gospel was g;ranted after this period, 
t^nworthy as we are, we are still en- 
gaged in the same cause, and every 
degree of blessing must flow from 
the same source; and seeing we 
serve him who is'' Jesus Christ, the 
same yesterday, to-day, and for 
ever," we ought to renew our trust 
in his mercy and his almighty power, 
and to abound more and more in 
prayer and in the work of the Lord, 
Knowing that he will never fail nor 
forsake those who trust in him. 

The brethren at Serampore, in- 
deed, have been thus called to renew 
their trust in God while wading 
through the depths of affliction, even 



l>reacfaer among all the four brethren 
who oame out together. — And, to 
complete tbe measure of affliction, 
the next Octol>er IVIr. Thomas him- 
self, who had laid the foundation of 
the Mission in Bengal, and had 
come out with brother Carey seven 
years before, was taken away, at an 
age two years below that of our 
now deceased brother. At that cri- 
tical period, that four of the only 
seven Missionaries then in this part 
of India should be removed, and 
among them both the youngest and 
the oldest, the ablest and the must 
active, was indeed overwhelming, 
had we looked merely to human aid. 
Yet nearly all that has been done in 
this part of India has been the fruit 
of the divine blessing since, expe- 
rienced on humble and persevering 
effort, accompanied with constant 
prayer. Surely, then, in every af- 
fliction and bereavement we onglU 
to look directly and whofty to Him 
with whom is the residue of the 
Spirit— who cannot be nninindful of 



from the beginning of their course. ^ his cause or of bis promise — and 

who has declared that all nations 
shall be blessed in the Redeemer— 
and that He, Jehovah^ will accom^ 
plish this glorious work in bis own 
time. 

The human mind, however, which 
is continually prone to run to the 
extremes either of presumptloii or 
despondency, is ever apt to misitt* 
terpret the dealings of God with his 
church. Thus, when any of the 
servants of God are taken away 
pecnliariy fitted for some pafticulat 
work in their day and generation^ 
we are ready to sink in despondency, 
and to exclaim, *'Such and such all 
eminent servant of God if taken 
away,, and 'bow can the loss be r^ 
paired?— ^bow can tbe t^use of God 
now go forward T We forget that 
these servants of God, thus pecn- 
liarly gifted, were raised np to do a 
certain work; and that if they arto 
now called to rest, the precise vvoijk 
no more remains to be done fbr 
which Divine Wisdom thus raised 
them tip, and endued them with 
peculiar talents. Thus divine wis- 



We do not here allude merely to 
the fire at Serampore eleven years 
^go, in which our dear brother now 
deceased was himself almost mira- 
culously preserved, and which 
threatened to overwhelm us, but 
which, through the divine mercy, 
\iaa succeeded by the divine bless- 
ing to a greater extent than had 
ever been experienced at Serampore 
before. We rather allude to the re- 
peated afflictions we were called to 
sustain twenty-two years ago, when 
so many of our Missionary bretbren 
were in succession carried to the 
grave in the very infancy of the 
cause horOk Witliin eighteen days 
after our landing at Serampore, Mr. 
Grant was carried off ia a fever ; the 
four brethren and sisters having ar- 
rived on tlie Idth of October, 1799, 
and he being removed on the 31st 
The succeeding July Mr. Fouotain 
was removed by a bowel complaint, 
within four years after his arrival in 
the country, and just as he bad be- 
come ready in the language. The 
next July bebel^ Mr. Brnnsdon 



carried off in a liver complaint ; I dom has snfl'ered no disappoint- 
scarcel}"^ twenty-six years of age, ment; for these have fulfilled the 



and the most forward in the lan- 
guage, as'aren as the ablest English 



work they were intended to accom* 
plish, and have now entered into 



oniTVAvy. 



23 



> 



tlio joy of tlieir t>or4, iMthig: to 
otherfi; whom divine frae« may nit» 
ii|i, that work wfaioh it snit^d to 
their capacity, sad intended fori hem 
to liilfiL ThorefoTD, while we so 
b^vily mourn tkose removefd, who 
are nenesiarily dear to us lor Uiar 
work's sake, we should consider 
that divine wndom has removed 
tbcBiv only because tlieir peculiar 
work in tbo cbnrcb militant befow 
was fully aeeompliiiheil; for had rt 
not, ihetr Saviowr, who has the keys 
o§ deaMi and of tho oiiseen world, 
and who *' shuttetb and no man 
openetb^" would surely have detain- 
ed ttiem fcmger below. 
-Thns^ respeotini^ our beloved 
biotber^ wiale be was so endeared to 
us in every capacity, that had our 
feettnga been consulted, we should 
mtver have suSbred bim to enter 
inio rest but with ourselves; the 
work for wbieb God pre-eminently 
raised him up, wasevfdently that of 
printing tbe acriptnres in Indias and 
wo bellcviv timt to bim was shewn 
lietein g;raoo and favour (punted bfs 
fore to very lew men in that pardeu- 
lar line. To tbo^ lan^age of the 
sf^oaile, wfaich tbe brother who came 
o«C wiUthim, wdi reoollects seeing in 
bis diary in tiie eonrse of bis voyage, 
tbosapplied witb rsferenee to bisown 
civeiimsMmeefly ^nnto me whom am 
leaa tbatt Ibe least of all saints is 
tliis graoe given, that I should pnia 
aSMNig tbo Iranthestbeonsearebable 
richoft of Cbrislv'^ — oontd be have 
f)M«M«n tbo divine goodness to Ifim, 
be migbt have added— ^tVi twmttyof 
their kmgutiges^;^ for tbe UoemHetk 
¥cmionof Ibe Now Testament in tbe 
)nnf na^ta of India printed vnder 
Ilia ey«v kad advanoeNi to tbe book 
of Reveiatien at tbe lime of our 
beloveft beotber'a removftl ; and ^e 
believe it has been granted to fo w men 
ID llm ebwprhof God, ever to print tbe 
Now Testamont of onr Lord and 
Saviour Jeans Cbrist in twenty lan- 
l^nagna flyoken* among tbe heathen. 
But for tlw pffepafatioo of all those 
founts of types wbieb Ifaey i^etfuired, 
amd moetof wbioh bad never before 
been seen in India, wo» Ims Iborougfa 
knowledge of^ tbe art^ bis nice dis- 
oermnenty bia assiduity, his Hide- 
Migablo tf Mgenne, bis love for the 
caunD of bis iledoomer, and the souls 



of tlio boathen, • pociiliaily suited. 
Yet all these fonnls prepared, and 
the dilSeuHies attending tiiese first 
editions of the scriptures overcome, 
the way is now made easy \ — second 
and succeeding editions witb the 
same types, involve so little diificuUy, 
that the various native christian bre- 
thren and others, trained op by our 
beloved brother for so many years, 
can go on with the work under com- 
mon European superintendence. 

Seciug, then, that infinite wisdom 
and love thus guide all things, how- 
ever mysterious, and that these are 
ever the same, — what remains, but 
that we all, who have seen ao many 
of the servants of God around us 
removed in the past year, adore iit 
humble silenue what we are unable 
to comprehend — take new courage* 
and go forward in tbe work of Him 
wbo will cause his church to in- 
crease till, like the stone cut out 
without hands, it shall liavo 
filled the whole earth. And to ani« 
mate us tbua to abound in the work 
of tbe Lord, and do our own pecu- 
liar work in our day and generation, 
what can tend more than the exam- 
ple and the end of our beloved 
brother ; whose life, at least for the 
last twenty-four years, amidst all 
the difficulties and trials he had to 
share witb his bretliren, was one 
uniform course of high usefulness 
and happiness of mind; and who, 
after so long a course of bodily and 
mental labour, and spirituality of 
soul, was in heaven adoring beforo 
the llnxMie of the Lamb, within 
forty-eij^ht hours after he bad de- 
livered bis last message for bis glori- 
ous Redeemer below! Let us then 
lift up the bands which bang down, 
and confirm the feeble knees, and, 
looking to Jesus, be steadfast, uu- 
moveable, always abounding in tbe 
work of tlae Lord \ forasmuch as ve 
know that, prematurely as to an eye 
of sense we may seem to be called 
away, our labour, worthless as it 
may be, shall not be in vain in the 
Lord* 



Ohiiuaty ofMrf. Marif Boaster ^ laie 
of Paneraty read liy mr. Ivimey 

ed at thm Mutiug-hous*^ JEagU' 
» 2 



J4 OBITUA 

'ilr»tl, Loiidim, fi Loi-d'a-daij. 
NiK/nAtT\K>: Khtri ihe hadhtni 
a i<^ui«r etttaitaM fur aevcniy 

Mrs. M*RY Baoster died on 

Fridaj the 7tli of Noveiulier, 1823, 

in tbo Sfiih year of her age. Her 

lift) furnishes a memorable proof ol 

tb'e sMcial proYidcncc of GoJ over 

his people; anil of Ihe exceeding 

riches of his grace towards lUem, 

Her name was Mary Denton, and ir 

«Ty early life she was one of foni 

infants, who lind been left orphans 

But Cod raised up afriend for then 

in bcmncle, Mr. Samuel Hodges, a 

Deplford, wlio was a member of : 

Baptist chi>rch in SouUiwark, o 

which Mr. Alilriek Culhwiclt w» 

ibepaxlor. Removing to Richmoni! 

imd that church having been broke 

up, Mr. Hodges applied to Ibi 

cbaicb for transient communion i 

January 17M. and was aamitlci 

At Ibis timo there is no doubt Mai 

Dentoncaroe withhimto altendll 

worship of God hero, beinj; aboi 

sixteen years of age. Dr. Gifibrd 

ministry w^ soon after bleat lo b 

conversion, and from the period 111 

her unrie remoiicd to the " Brill 

near Battle-bridge, not long all* 

wards, slie was aconstattt altenda 

iiere; so that from her first comii 

toiler death was a period of abo 

aBveiily years. 

The passage of scripture win 
wns the mean, under the influer 
of the Holy Spirit, of bringing I 
mind to a state of joy and jn'a. 
tbrougti believing, was Zecb. iv. 
" Who art tliou, O great roountaii 
lie. grace, grace, unto il. Repc 
ihg tnis passage of scripture, in 
late illness, 1 always found aeon 
to revive her earliest recollectit 
and to cause her heart tu sing 

It was throngh her influence 1 
hor husband, Ibo late Mr. Bags 
(for many yeara aworlbj Deacoi 
the church, was led lo attend 
place of worship. After they 
been married three or four y 
they werv admitted to members 
tli» following is a copy of Dr. 
forA's entry of that ci^cumslaDCO 
" GtmmBagiltr') Gave a comfi 
tmd I able and sati: 

Mars Sagsttr i towy account 



: of grate, «!nd May, 17T4; 
\\r,a witnessed a <>iod eimfession 
Bpproliatjon, Mlh May. The 
B-m«ntiuneil were baptized; 
, 5th June. 1774, the said were 
litted, in the usual manner, into 
iwship. A. O." 

"hronghout the whole of Ihislong 
rimage she has been enabled Ut 
rii llic doctrine of God our Sa- ' 
tr; not uiily as a member of tfac 
Tch, but in private and domestic 

As a wife, as a mother, and ss - 
<idow. she proved that Khe made 
preeepU of Ihe gospel Ihe rule of ' 
conduct, and ils promita the 
If for her siip|)urt, and the cur- 
ls for her rcfre^meat andeooio* ' 

This was especially the ease diir- 
; her last long and trying afflic- 
u. iilie was, during tliese foiir- 
su months, tike good Anna, awi- 
w of louricore and four years old, 
LiliJig for the coming of the Savi- 
[r, as the consolation of Israel: 
e thought his chariot- wheels were 
Dg ifl coming, but her expri-ssions 
<liiap|iolotment were the ardency 
desire, and Dot the peevishness of 
urmuring or complaint. By bcr 
:alli being so long deferred beyond 
le period at which she expected it, 
le had an opportimily of glorifying 
od by bearing afllictiuns with- pa- 
ence ; by shtfwing Uiat through 
lilh in the Saviour she waa hronr- 
i with songs in the night^^that 
lie rejoioed in hope — wasptitientin 
ribulalion: — whilst shu oontinned 
islant in prayer. It was impoisi- 
le, I should suppose, for any nne' 
converse with her wilfaout being 
anvinced of the excellency nf the 
etigion of Christ, nor williout sajing,' 
> I^t mc die the deatli of the 
igbleoui," &c. ■ 

At the beginuing of her affliction, 
nany of her expressions were taken 
jown in writing: — andlbesomaybe' 
[considered as the fair epitome ofher 
feelings and her conversation from 
that time till her death. 1 will give' 
a few of these, arranged under Ibo 
following beads. 

1. Her kumilily, and faifA--' la 
Ckritt. — "Nobody knuws what, a 
tinner 1 have been ; but nil my Bins 
have been cast behind his back; 
be has washed me in his blooS, 



OBltUART. 



£5 



i 



and ciolhfid me in bis robe of 
ri^fjleousiiess." — *'GodhRs kept me 
from finaily. iaJling*. Obi! ^bat pa- 
tience has God bad wttb me! no 
human, bcinjc wouJd bave bad so 
mncb; but be is merciful, and full of 
^raco. And jiow, O beavenly Fa- 
tber, grant me an easy dismission 
bttfore I sin, Aod disbononr Ihy holy 
'name. But. I trq«t L shall not do 
. that ; I have feared that I inisbt for 
niany yetdtti, but have been pre- 
8ervisd;iand I hope I shall not be 
.suffered to do it now/'^~<^' Do you 
know/.' ^he said, addressing bet' re- 
lations who were about her bed, 
^ Satan wished to .place n1y^lleinotts 
sins before 4ue, but I told him they 
were all pardoned?!' It was said. to 
bor, '* What a niercyyit is a finished 
salvaUon." She replied, '.' Yes : but 
I w<Mil4 not sin ; I woifid. work out 
fiuy own salvation with fear and 
irenbling. 1 bave often defiled my 
garments, hoi it lias- not .l»een wil- 
liugily, with my consent : no, noT 
.*' Lbavc b^en a great sinfier ; but I 
trujbt all my sins were psirdoned 
when Christ hung /Upon the tree. He 
is -my hope, my reQjge, and. my all.*' 
1 said to her, \* Christ has said, Be- 
cause I livq, yo shall live also.''. 
^ Yes,'' she replied, *• merciful say- 
ing." I. added, ^* If ourt spiritual 
life depended .upon ourselvtos.*' An- 
ticipating what i was going to. aay, 
she; proceeded, *^that would, be a 
poor Jife indeed!*' 

2.. £1^ -iinxiekf fitr iheiohaiion of 
Mr ./amilff* To one of her 2^ 
. grasdchildreo she said, ** My dear 
. boy, remember your Creator in the 
. days of your youth, before the evil 
.4days come, when you shall say there 
is no pleasnie in Ahem. . O t>ray to 
I God io f;h\B yoo> hia graee. O pray 
• to God. Oh it isUn awfuh thing to 
-die without an interest in CbriBt. 
•God. Mess you." 1>) Uer faitJiful 
roaotservant. abe said» on his enter- 
ing the jcoum, iMBd who hrail just been 
baptized, /*.> Robert, .h(m does it 
afaiul betweoo God and: your soul. 
..You iiave -put your handl to .(he 
' piongb { 3*ou .must not Hook back. 
« Kecffi your garmeot^unspoited from 
theifleah. All yiaur reliance must 
« be. upon ilie JLaiftb, liie dcarbieed- 
ing Lamb ! He is a mercil'ttl and 
\ faitkfnl r : Highrprieii^t, . i pucltod: t'ith 
fijc iealing of our iutirmitivs/' 



3. Her aniiciptitieni of the Iieavinly 
fftorif, — ** 1 know I shall soon die-— 
I lie contented in his hands: 

'^ O glorious hour, O blest abodf , 
I shidl be neai* and like my God ; . 
And flesh and sin no more controul • 
The sacred pleasures of my soul/ 

I sliall see my dear Saviour as he 
is ! O my soul, you will be? with 
him. When sliall I depart,' and be 
with Christ! I long to be'^uoh 
Death do your worst 

* I ask'd them whence their rictory 

came, 
They with united breath, ' 
Ascribe their conquest to the Lamb, ' 
Their triumph to his death.' " ^ 

She added, ^* All my dependence » 
upon the bleeding Lamb of God. tip 
is all my hope — I have • no 9tticr 
refuge." ' .. 

To a friend she said, in a most 
feeling manner, " You have a good 
husband, so had I, and i shall meet 
him again. Oh !' my dear Geor^q, 
shall I meet you again, and shall \y« 
know each otlwr? O happy meet- 
ing ! wc shall both ascribe our i^Iya- 
tion to the bleeding Lamb. O bicsaed 
Gud! tills 1 can say, 1 never had 
such a glimpse of glory as J have 
now!" Slve had been lying: quit^ 
still, humming 3tun(^ when she said, 
*' I shall soon sing as loud as they ; 

• Worthy the Lamb that died, they cry; 

To be exalted thus; . 
Worthy the Lamb our lips reply, 
- For he was slain tbr us.* " 

** Aye, aye," she added, " we can 
sing that, angels cannot : they never 
sinned." At another time a : friend 
said, " You are thinking of hea- 
ven?" " Yes, I am ; and at the^same 
lime I am thinking what an unwor- 
thy creature 1. am to enter liiOre ; 
but I trust my garments hayc^ bceii 
washed, and they are white uqw," 
After conversing about the church 
in Eagle-Mreet, she SJiiil, " I thougjht 
to have sjit down with . them next 
Loid's-day at the Lord's tiblc." 
Thinking her near death, it was 
said, " You will be in ' better com- 
pany even than theirs.** She replied, 

" The saints below, and all th^ dej^^, 
But one communion make"; ,. 

. AU jomin (Jhrist, their living hea4, ' 
And of .tis grace partake," 



2S 



OaiTUAKY, 



'* The glorified saints are more liap- 
-pjr, bat not more secure than are the 
saints upon earth.'' At another 
time she broke oat, saying, 

"Worthy the Lamb that died they cry, 
. To be thus exalted ;" 

adding, *' There will be millions and 
miliions, a multitade that no man 
tan number." It was tiaid, '< And 
yon will be one of them.*' " Yes, I 
ihope I 'Shall, unless I have greatly 
deceived myself;' oh, my God, let 
me net be deceived, what an awful 
Ihing would it be to go to bell from 
the gate of heaven. How could I 
be^r to hear the word, Depart? The 
thunder of that dreadful word would 
so torment my ear. What! to be 
Itanished to that dismal plaoe, where 
I tnnst Aot taste his love. Oh ! bless- 
ed Jesus ! thy blood cicanseth from 
all sin.'' 

4.' Her feelings ett the prospect of 
Vfyifig-. She would say, " Though 
1 walk through tho valley of tbe 
'2^bad6w of death I will fear no evil, 
thy rod and thy staff they oomfort 
me.— I am dying, but not dead, for 
my lifb is hid with Christ in God." 
She said to me at that time, *' I am 
near to heaven." I said, "Your 
fiitih and your heart fHitetli, but 
Ood is the strength of your heart;" 
die subjoined^ " And my portion; 
for ever." I added, " You can now 
adopt the words of Joshua, 'I am 
going this day the way of all the 
earth, and yo know in all your 
hearts and all your souls that not 
■ono thing bas foiled of all .the good 
things God promised to do for you, 
he bath brought every thing to pass.* " 
She answered, '' I shall sec that all 
clear wlien 1 get to heaven.^' I 
said, 

" 1:^11 you will see, & hear, & know," 

'Sbe went on with the verse — 

** All I desir*d and wish'd beiow ; 
And ev'ry power find sweet employ, 
in that eternal world of joy." 

•" Yes, I shall- leave this frail heavy 
bo<ly behind, which has for a long 
time been a clod to me." X said, 
'* I am glad that, the clouds that 
were upon your mind are all dis- 
persed." She replied, " Yes tliey 
are," I added, "The promise then 
Is fulfilled in your cJrpeHftncc, * At 
evening tide it shall bclight.'^ She 

1 



answered, "Yes! that was my 
hope in my darkest seasons." On 
a candie being placed near ber bctl, 
she said slie could not lienr amcli 
light. It was said to her, " fint 
you will be able to bear the light (»f 
heaven." " O yes," she replied, ** I 
abali then have a heavenly body, I 
shall not then be upon this eartMy 
ball." She onee said, alluding h> 
Bunyan's pilgrims passing tbe liver, 
and of Christiana having been 
sent for, " 1 shall be glad to hear 
that tbe messenger is come to town, 
and that the news is spread, ' That 
Mary Bagster h to go over the 
liver to day:* To go to sleep in the 
hody, and to awake without itT 
It was said, " Then you are not of 
the opinion tliart the soul sleeps with 
the body til I the resurrec I ion?" "No!" 
she replied^ ** but that opinion i5 
not a damning sin, though it is a 
dangerous error.-^I shall not go up 
yet, I wish I could; oh! that i bad 
wings like a dove, then would I floe 
away and be art rest." To an old 
friend, a member of the church, shu 
said, " I am going to the land of the 
upright, where I shall see his face, 
and never, never sin. Oh if we have 
but a glimpse of glory, we shall not 
wish to stay here. You and £ have 
known each other a long time. I 
have not been so comfortable tfi my 
raiiifl as you have. I have had 
many fears and doubts," It was re- 
marked, " You have been well paid 
for waiting." " O yes," she replied. 

In this happy state of mind she 
continued till the very last. I ha<l 
frequent opportunities of witnessing 
her work of faith, her labours of love, 
and especially her " patience of 
hope ;" and I never sa^ the exercise 
of the last named grace in sndi 
high perfection. It was delightful to 
tind that as she approximated to- 
wards the heavenly staUe, she 
was evidently assimulated both to its 
employments and enjoyments. She 
was wrought by divine grace for 
that self-same thing, for God bml 
given ber the earnest of his spirit. 
She gave frequent expressions dur- 
ing her illness, of her love to this 
church, and some of its poor mem- 
bers have lost a kind and genei^aus 
benefactress. 

1 saw her about a week bolbrc her 



RliVlKW. 



^7 



deatb, and conversed with fior) dnd 
was greatly delighted to hear bow 
heavenly were her expressions, and 
that her faith and hope were firm in 
God ! she certainly enjoyed '^ ever* 
lasting: oonsoiation and good hope 
throagh grace." Daring the^ night 
before the day she was seized for 
death, she was beard ti) say, '^Thon 
knowest, O Lord, I am one of thy 
ehildrea, shew ue what then hast 
prepared for me.'' The 16th Psalm 
iras read the next morning, and it 
was delightful to bear how she ap- 
propriated its language ■ to her own 
case and circumstanoes, '' Q my 
Boiil then hast said anto the Lord, 
tboa art my Lord,** She dwelt with 
inexpressible delight upon the terms 
" my Lord." Adding, ** My sweet 
Lord, Jesus help me, come and take 
me, .thou everhi$ti«tg ^Father, my 
, Priqce of peace." . . 

i bad the privilege of seeing the 
dyin^ scene of this worthy christian's 
life, when she was passing over the 
river. She could not hear or under- 
stand, perhaps, l>ecause of tier deaf- 
ness, with whieh for many years she 
had been afflictcd| but there was no 



piroof that slie was insensible. The 
river was as still as a stone while slic 
went over. I remarked to my friend, 
her eldest son, '' There are no 
terrors of death liere. Here is no- 
thing aUroiii»g,ttot|iing terrif^ing^It 
is the «pene which Pr. Watt» baa 
so correctly painted* when . bo 
describes the p^aoefuldepi^rture of 9i 
saint, 

* Jesus can make a djring bed 
Feel soft as downy pUlpw are. 
While on his breast I lean my head, 
And breathe n^lifeQutsweeUythere."' 

Who can have heard this account 
wiihont being convinced, that with 
the righteous it wiH go well even in 
death. Who without having felt 
the deshre expressed even by wicked 
Balaam. *' Let me die the death 
of the righteous, and let my hist 
end be like hers." 



REV. MR. LOWELL. 

Recently departed from thief 
mortal state, the Rev. Mr. LowEt^ 
a respectable minister ofthelnde^ 
pendent denomination of Bristol. 



3aebie\]D« 



Shetehei of Sermont prencM to Cm- 

fregatwnnin var4ov» Parts rf Hie 
hited Kingdom, and an the Eu- 
ropean Continent; ^urmnh^d by 
their respective Authors, Vol. Vl. 

It is an encouraging sign of the 
times, that publications of this des- 
cription are so eagerly sought after, 
and so widely circulated. Wc have 
noticed the five preceding volumes 
in our number for October last. 

The sixth volume contains fifty- 
tlirec sketches on subjects of great 
,40iportaDce. . 

>Ve adroire all fl»e Sketcjics that 
are sighed 5t'^«- In the eighteenth, 
on * /><«mW>rfffto^«o?w,' he remarks, 
** How easily might Daniel have 
eluded the ^atchrul vigilance of .his 
enemies! He might have prayed 
elsewhere—shut his windows, and 
used a thousand acts to avoid de- 
tection. What would not worldly 



prudence have suggested ? But oh ! 
Daniel was above all this. That 
abominable system of time-serving, 
so common in the christian world, 
was unknown to Daniel." The dis- 
tinction between ambition and envy, 
is well marked by the same writer 
in the fifteenth sketch. "There 
appears to be this difference between 
ambition and envy ; the former ex- 
cites in us a desire to rise above 
others, but the latter leads us to 
wish to get others beneath os." 

The twenty-ninth is entitled 
« Christ's description of his slieep, 
and his assertion of tbeif security,'' 
on John x. 27, 28. This writer, 
who subscribes himself !«<«, 'Cer- 
tainly wrote by the light of an Ar- 
minian lamp. (See page 101.) And 
some of our readers will think ♦hat 
many of these sketches smeli of this 
lampf ' 



es 



REV1E1V. 



The Argument in Sttnp&rt of Infant' 
baptism, from the Onenant ofCir- 
cumcisioii, examined, and sfietcn to 
be irwalid. By • Joseph Kingkom, 
Price 2d. John Offor. 

>Tr. Kinohorn it so thoroughly 
conversant witJi the baptismal con- 
troversy in all its parts, and iii alt 
its aspects, that a very small pam- 
phlet from liis pen most be valuable. 
And for these few pages, which are 
sold for two-pence, we have only 
to ask that they may be appreciated 
as their merit requires. 

The argument derived from the 
Abrahamic covenant, is the last 
fortress of Paedobaptism ; and this, 
wc apprehend, cannot hold out 
Jong. Mr. Kinghorn cicariy slicws, 
that if we concede the principle of 
our opponents, it follows that '' any 
man who believes the truth of the 
christian revelation, and acknow- 
ledges the propriety of the baptism 
of infants, may require it to be ad- 
niinistcred to his children." And 
lie might have added, to his servants 
too — and if he were a West-Indian 
planter, to all his slaves too .♦ It 
follows also, ** that baptized iiitiints 
are church-members, and have n 
vi^ht to all the privileges of the 
church, without making any pro- 
fession eitlicr of repentance or of 
failh." 

We hope onr excellent friend will 
pursue this principle into all its 
natural and necessary consequences, 
and shew how it will affect the ordi- 
tiance of the Sabbath— the ordinance 
of the supper — and the constitution, 
the offices, and the ofticers of a 
christian church. These Jiltie tracts, 
we lM)pe, will be read with much 
profit in many houses where large 
and expensive volumes cannot enter. 

Thti Preacher: or Sketches of Origi- 
nal Sermons, chirflif collected from 
the Manuscripts of two eminent Di- 
vines of the last Century, for the 
Use tf lay Pt^achcrs and young 
Ministers, Vol. 6. 

This volume contains sketches of 
thirty-eight sermons, in which everv 
reader who has heard the late cxccf- 

* See Gtn. xvii. 1'^, i:i, ^^i. 



lent Andrew Fuller will be sure to re- 
cognise bis masterly hand. Some of 
them are among the best productions 
of his pen. The same stnuug attach- 
ment to evangelical itrhtlU-^the deep 
and intimate acquaintance with 
scripture, and witii the human heart 
— the simplicity of a great mind — 
which ' appeared in tlie former 
volumes, will be found here also.* 

If there be some that were not 
written by Mr. Fuller, they were 
certainly written by a man who had 
adopted the same theory — and was 
accustomed to the same track of 
thought, to the same sources of il- 
lustration, and even the same modes 
of expression. 

An<»ther volume, we are told, may 
be expected ;. and that will complete 
the series. 



Dissenting Registers of Births, Mar- 
riages^ and Burials, examined as 
Documents of Evidence. By a 
Barrister, London : Offor. Pp. 
50. Is. 6d. 

So much solicitude has lately been 
felt on the important subject to which 
this pamphlet refers, that the learned 
author has been induced to turn his 
attention to it, and has, in these mcU- 
written pages, given the Dissenting 
body Ills opinion — without a fee. We 
shall not attempt to give an analysis 
of the performance, since it will, 
doubtless, be eagerly procured by 
those who feel interested in the sub- 
ject. It must suffice to say, that it is 
surely time to awake from the apatliy 
which has so long prevailed, aud to 
express our hope that the Dissenters 
will speedily unite in an application 
to Parliament for such a *' legislative 
provision as may establish for the use 
of their posterity a little substantial 
testimony, which shall not be torn to 
tatters the moment it comes into a 
court of law." 

The concluding paragraph is too im- 
portant to be omitted. 

>' ^nevertheless, if no legislative as- 
sistance should be obtained, I hope 
and trust the Dissenters will not lose 
sight of so important an interest as is 
involved in the subject under di^scus- 
siott. After all, the ren^edy is in their 
own hands ; and what Parliament can 
do for them is nothing as compared 



• See our Number for May last. 



INTEtLlGBNCE,' &C. 



29 



with wliat they can do for themsolyes. 
Let them only feel the importaace of a 
pupctual attention to order and regula- 
rity ; and let not (heir ministers, because 
they hare not a host of births and bu- 
rials to enter, imagine for a moment 
that the little they have to do may be 
done ill. . Those who ^xTclte jealousies, 
though they be unfounded, have the 
more reason to be particular in their 
conduct. Iiet the Aissenters only act 
justly towards themgelves, and then jus- 
tice will not be denied them by others." 
We have noticed a slight typogra- 
phical error, which will doubtless be 
corrected in a second edition. In page 
39, for << 35th of the late king," read 
«25th." 

LIT£RARY INT£LLIG£N€£. 

Jiist PMished^ . 

The Continuance of Brotherly Love 

recommended ; in a Sermon, delivered 

on Thursday M«pmiii^, ' October 23, 

182^ at theiRev..I>r. Hippon's Meet- 



ing-housey Carter-lane, Southtrark, 
before the Ministers and Messengers be- 
longing to the Baptist Monthly Meet- 
ingy and published at their Request. 
By Rev. George Pritchard. Is. 

An elegant Engraving, and in the 
Opinion of competent Jndges, an 
exact Likeness of the late Rev. William 
Ward, has been recently published: 
painted by Overton, Bond-street, and 
engraved by Sjcriven, Historical Pain- 
ter to his Majesty. Proofs 7s,. Prints 4f. 

Baptism a scriptural and indispen- 
sable Qualification at the Lord's Ta- 
ble : or Consideration designed to prove 
the Impropriety and Inexpediency of 
departing from the original Constitution 
of the Christian Church, and forming 
open Communion Churcbea, especially 
in those Neighbourhoods where evan- 
gelical Congregations already exist: 
including Animadversions on the Pre- 
face to the Revi Robert Hall's Reply 
to the Rev. Joseph Kinghorn. By 
Joseph Ivimey. 



SnttlU^tmt, ^c. 



Gltugoiff^ Rev, William Shirrpff. 

Extract of a Letter written by a Mem- 
ber of the Church at Glasgow. 

GlasgotDf Oct. 20, 1823. 

An event, my dear Sir, htis recently 
occurred which is ex6iting not a little 
conversation in this part of Britain. 

There was in Stirlingshire a much- 
loved and venerated clergyman, of the 
Presbyterian church, (which, in Scot- 
land, you know, is the One established 
by law)— the Rev. William Shirreff, 
pastor of St. Ninian's. His piety, and 
erudition, and uncommon talents, as a 
preacher, had, for thirty years, been 
increasing his reputation, and endear- 
' ing him to the lovers of evangelic truth. 
Nothing, indeed, seemed to be want- 
ing in his situation to make the rem- 
nant of his days happy, and embalm 
his memory in the hearts of his minis- 
tering brethren, and of the people for 
whom he had long prayed, and watch- 
ed, and toiled. 

But, at a late meeting- of the Pres- 
bytery, he offered his resignation, 
stating that he could not, without vio- 
lating his conviotiolis of duty ,' continue 
to perform ^hal \^as' expected of him 
in the office whicW he then l^iistained. 
A o<«mmiUee was appointed to con- 
verge with him and remove his Scru- 



ples. At the last meeting, the com* 
mittee reported, and he confessed that, 
after free and repeated conyersa(ion» 
on the subjects which had occupied 
his attention, he was still of the samie 
mind : he retired 

. Last Wednesday he was .baptized in 
this city« . The subject of baptism^ and 
what is naturally cpnnecte$l . .with it 
had, a year or two ago, arrested his 
attention, and at length had urged 
him to take his recent steps, and cist 
himself with his family on the provi- 
dence of God. No opening, at tl&e 
time, presented itself for his future 
settlement and usefulness. But he 
went forward. His offering his resig- 
nation, and his reasons for it were ru- 
moured extensively. A very small 
baptist church here, of wluch he knew 
noUiipg, had procured a suitable 
place for public worship, the^chapel in 
Albion- street, formerly occupied by 
the Rev. Pr. Wardlaw, and were 
hoping, and praying, and striving to 
obtain a pastor. They heard the ru- 
mour concerning Mr. Shirr'eC They 
.wrote to him. An interview, waii a- 
j^reed on. When the delegation met 
him, he said,, " Before we beg?n the 
conversation, let us pray; and all 
kneeling down, he proceeded, but 
was iulerruplcd, and, fof a while, 



>10 



INTELLlOENCB, &C* 



^uite overcome by the fulness of bis 
heart. 

The interview led to his complying 
with their request ; and, last Thursday, 
he was publicly inducted into his new 
pastoral charge. It was an impres- 
sive sight, and adapted to awaken a 
train of deeply interesting reflections. 
The ministers present on this occasion 
were Mr. Innes and Mr. Anderson of 
Edinburgh, Mr. Edward's of Greenock, 
Mr. Watson of Cupar in Fife, and Pro- 
fessor Ciiase of the College of Columbia, 
At WaAfaington. The conducting of the 
introductory services of praise, of 
reading the ecriptures, (Ephes. iv. 1 — 
24, with 1 Tim. iii.) and of prayer, 
dcYolved on Professor Chase; after 
which a discourfe was delivered by 
Mr. Edwards from Psalm cii. 16, When 
tfie Lord shall build up Zion, he shall 
ttpjkear in his glory. The cordial and 
unanimous call of this church having 
been declared in reply to questions put 
from the pulpit, and Mr. Sbirreff, when 
asked, " Do you now, as before, accept 
this call ?" having replied, . " la the 
fear of God, I do," he was, with the 
laying on of hands, commended to the 
grace of our Lord in prayer by" Mr. 
Innes, who, after the singing of the 
hymn, " Let Zion's watchmen all 
awake," addressed to him an appro- 
priate charge. The members of the 
church were then addressed by Mr. 
Anderson from Philippians i. 27, Only 
let your eoTwersoHon be as it beeomet^ 
the gospel of Christ; that whether I 
come and see you, or else be absent, I 
may hear of your affairs, that ye stand 
fast in (me spirit, with one mind striv- 
ing together for the faith of the gospel. 
After prayer by Mr. Watson, the ser- 
vices were concluded in tiie usual 
manner. In the evening, Mr. Ander- 
son preached from Rom. xiv. 17, For 
the kingdom of God is not meat and 
drink; but righteousness, and peace, 
end joy in the Holy GJiost, 

It is unnecessary to add, that an 
overwhelming audience are now press- 
ing to the chapel where Mr. Shirreff 
preaches. This is only a natural con- 
• sequence, and, in itself, it is of no im- 
portance. Almost any preacher, in 
certain circumstances, may, for a 
while, be followed by a multitude. 
But what ffives me hope is, that, in- 
stead of being a novice, or vain and 
superficial, he seems to know the 
emptiness and danger of a transient 
popularity, and that the members of 
hds churchy while they rejoice at the 
signal favour which they have received, 
appear to '* rcjoivc with trembling','' 



and to look, with faith and fervency, 
to the proper source for all their 
strength. It was with great pleasure 
that I heard him preach, last Lord's- 
day, from 2 Cor. iv. 7, But tee huve 
this treasure in earthen vessels, that, the 
excellency of the power may be of God, 
and not 6f us. Ah ! my dear Sir, 
what spiritual blessings would every 
where descend, did every minister 
and every church lay this to heart, 
and, at the same time, use the means 
which Heaven has oraained. 

My affectionate salutations to all 
that are with you . Adieu . 

Yours sincerely. 



Itinerant Prtmeker^ Academy. 

The desirableness of improving the 
learning of some- worthy men, who had 
been encouraged by the churches at 
Portflea, to labour, in Village-preach- 
ing, induced some ministers, who from 
keeping a seminary, were in the habit 
of teaching, and others of the minis- 
ters, to undertake, on one evening in 
every week, from eight to nine o'clock, 
to give instructions in the English 
language, Geography, History, Com- 
position of' a Sermon, Theology, &c. 
Seventeen persons are in the habit of 
attending these lectures at the Vestry 
of White's-row Meeting-house; some 
of whom have made considerable im- 
provements. Ministers occasionally 
address them on the subject of preach- 
ing the gospel, &c. It is conducted 
with scarcelv any expense, and it. is 
presumed will be attended with very 
valuable results. May not this plan 
be imitated in those larger congrega- 
tions, where students and instructors 
may, perhaps, be both provided ? It 
is well adapted to promote tlie respect- 
ability of many worthy men, who are 
not able to avail themselves of the ad- 
vantages of our Academical Institu- 
tions at Bristol, Stepney, or Bradford. 



Western Association. 

Sev^kal ministers having been in- 
vited to meet at Broadmead Vestry on 
Tuesday, Nov. 11, for the purpose of 
forming an Association, comprehend- 
ing what may be termed the Upper 
District of the late Western Associa- 
tion. Seventeen ministers, with.some 
other gentlePDDeu, • assembled on U^at 
occasi(m, when, Dr. Ryland having 
taken the chfiir, the following - brief 
Resolutions were unanimously agreed 
upon- 

That it is ciesiirablc that an Asso- 



rr 



JNTELLIQENCe, &Ci, 



xMaa be fomed aBong the BaptuI 
tbuichfs wiOuB a circuit tohdiI Brii- 
lol, mcIiifyBs parte of Wilta, gomer- 
wMiii*, and GUmvetttniiirr. 

Tbkt an wmual colleotioB ibaU Im 
mute by each cliurcfa belonging to Ihc 
Auociation ; tbe Ktiote to be apiilied 
Inildorilie Widows' FuDiJ. 

Tttd a circular letd^ be annual); 
diawn up, and that Dr. Bjland be re- 
^KitCid to i^ritc the Gret, or the B)>e- 
abi^bjetX^ of tiii> AiBociation. 

Thattbefirat meetiatibelieldat Mr. 
Hnrche's Meeting-houEe at Frame. 

That three aeimoDB be preRched at 
tilt annual meeting; one of the preacb- 
tn (o be choaen by the AflsociBtion, 
•ndUieother two by the ehnrch where 
tbcmeetiiigiaheM. 

Hat the preacher appointed by the 
Aiaociation be the Moderator at the 

The followios churches, nilh their 
m^ctive .paatOTB, agif ed to utiile in 

Hut propoaed Aaiociatioa : 

Salisbuiy, Rev. John Saffery. — 
Sbortnord, W. W is teibatham— Trow- 
bridge, Ebeaeeer Chapel, V. M'Far- 
Iind— Wedmorft, Chandler- -^od- 

Inuy, Wm.. Southwood — PiU, David 
Evas — Keynsham, Thomas Ayres — 
WattDD Underedge, Thomas Thomas— 
Froioe, Badcock-lane, Samuel SauD- 
icra, Sbeppard's Barton, Wm. Murch 
—Devizes, James Biggs— Uley, Wm. 
CaJtoD — Hilale;, J. M. Chapman — 

Avening, — — , Phillips Norton, 

Bristol, Broadmead, Dr. Ky- 

luid and ThoB. S. Crisp ; KioK-iiln^, 

Thomas Roberts ; Bath-strml, Thomas 

WjDter — King Stanley, James Cousins. 

TuoliAB S. CaiSF, Secretary. 



On July !5, IfOt, a i 
Chapd WB« opened at 
Ewex; and Mr. A. San 
Mllpil to the ministry by 
cliDtch, Great Alie-stre< 
"is set apart a« pastw c 
forme'l chnrch at the above place. — 
Mr, Payne of Coggeshall commenced 
tbr service of the day by reading, and 
pnijer for the Bivine presence and 
bltB.^ing. Mr. King ofMalsted stated 
Ifce nature of a gospel church, and 
Uki^dtite usual questions on those ac- 
naisns. Mr. Shceaton of Little 
Atifcstiwct, London, (ia the room of 
Mr. bailey, who was absent thrMfeh 
itidispnsitian,) delivered a faithlnl 
<*trge from S Tiin, ii. T. Mr. Franciit 
•fColcheater preached to the ohurrti 
tnat Heb. Jciii- S2. Mr. Shnulon 
niched aiao in Uie eveninf, and the 



31 

■errices «r the day were IibIj ialere*t> 
ing. — We believe Ibere netcr was ft 
Uaptisl iolcrest in the town before; 
may it iacrease Rnd prosper, and may 
the kingdom of our Lord aadSaTwiv 
JcBuiCbrifltbe daily enlarged, till the 
whole earth b« filled with liis glury '.-— 
Anen and Amen. 



AticirsT 20, the Eev, John Ham, 
(late ufCr«wkerne,SoaierBetshire,)w^ 
ordained over the Baptist chorch ip 
the borough of WAKWICK. Thi 
servise in the morning was condncled 
in the Baptist Meetiug-bouM, when 
the following ministers engaged. — 
The Rev. J. Bate of Braunston, com- 
menced with reading and prayer ; the 
Kev. P. Franklin of Covenljy, delivec- 
ed the introductory dUcourie, asked 
the questions, received Mr. Ham'a 
acconnt af his religious eiperienoe, 
and bis confession of faith ; and then 
□Qered up (he ordination prayer, wliicli 
was attended by laying on of liaiida. 
TheHev. leaiah Birt of BirmiDgbam, 
delivered the charge from Luke xij. 
43, and the £er%ice was concluded 
with prayer by the Rev. J, Percy, In- 
dependent minister of the Bane tovrn. 
In the evening, the service was held 
in Mr. Percy's chapel, kindly lent for 
the arcommodation of the numerous 
hearers. The Rev. J, Price of Atcea- 
ter, began with reading. aad prayer; 
the Rev. T- Morgan preached the ser- 
mon to the people from Phil, i, 27. 
when tbc vhale of the highly devotional 
and imprruivt work of the day was 
closed with prayer by the Rev. J, 
Barker of Henley-in-Arden. !t is 
well knotm, and has been long de- 
plored by many of the friends of Zion, 
that this church and congregation have 
been for many years in a declining 
state ; bnt since Mr- Uam has been 
there, both have considerably increas- 
ed, and the greatest peace and har- 
mony prevail among die people. God. 
has heard the prayer of the destitute, 
and has not despised their prayer fi>r 
this part of Zion. Indications of the 
Divine presence and blessing were 
most sensibly discovered, while many 
acknowledged, " It was good for 
them to be there." 



Septembeb 9, 1823, was opened at 
AXBRIDGE, in the county ofSomer- 
wt, a new Baptist chapel ; Mr. Opi* 
!tmith of Bath, commenced (he service 
by reading and' prayer; Dr. Rytanil 
preached from John iii. IT. Mr. Shell 
of Wellsj conolodcd wilhpfayer. )o 



32 



fNTELLIGENCB, &C. 



the afternoon, Mr. Winter of Bristol, 
prayed ; Mr. Kilpin of Exeter, preach- 
ed from Isaiah xlii. 4. and coacladed 
with prayer. In the evening, Mr. 
Gill, Jan. (now at Bridgewater) pray- 
ed; Mr. Viney of Bridgewater, 
prieached from Acts viii. & — 8. Mr. 
Chandler of Wedmore, concluded with 
prayer; Messrs. Bridgman, Winter, 
Viaey, Gill, and Kilpin, gave out the 
'h3fmns. Collections were made to 
help to liquidate the debt incurred 
by purchasing aiid fitting up the cha- 
pel, which cost £350, a debt still re- 
mains of about £250, for which, ap- 
plication will be made to the religious 
public. 

On Tuesday, the 2lst of October, 
the autumnal meeting of tiie HERTS' 
UNION, was held at the Rev. W. 
'Greenwood's chapel, Royston, when 
•the Rev. G. Browne of St. Albans, 
preached in the morning, and the 
•Rev. T. Thodey of Cambridge, in the 
evening. It was very gratifying at 
this first meeting of the Union in that 
distant part of the county, to witness 
"the cordial feeling evinced in favour 
of its plans for evangelizing the vil- 
lages, and the generous encourage- 
ment given to its objects ; the more 



8o, as the hope is thence cherished 
that the socie^ has only to be better 
known in order to secure more ex- 
tensive and adequate support. The 
collection amounted to upwards of £21. 

NOTICE. 

The Annual Meeting of the STEP- 
NEY ACADEMICAL INSTITU- 
TION will be held, (Providence per- 
mitting) on Tuesday Evening, January 
20, at the King's Head, in the Poultry. 
Chair to be taken at six o'clock pre- 
cisely. 



The following Sums were vottd to the 
Widows at the second Half-yearly 
Meeting y on 9th of December, 1823. 



M.S £5 

M.D 4 

1 •! . Ji. *...•.•«• 4 

H.T....; 4 

S.I 6 

M.P 5 

M.B 5 

M. R '6 



M. R. £5 

H. M... 5 

M.E 4 



M.I. . 
M. H. 
M.S.. 
H. E. 



••«•..•• 



•....*• 



E. P. 
E. C. 



• • « • • 



6 
5 
5 
5 
5 



M.M 51. H. k.. 

E.I 5iM.H ;. 4 

M. G 6/M. C 5 

5 



...*•• 



51 



l\i 



Thoug/Us iuggfMed at the Commence- 
meni of a new Year, 



AvoTHER fleeting year has spent 

'The measure t)f its stay : 
And in the scroll of Time enwrapt 

Has wing'd its flight away. 

. As from the wide-distended bow, 
• The winj^ed arrow leaps ; 
And through the welkin element, 
Its traceless motion keeps ; 

So Time, in unimpeded flight. 
Its steady course pursues : 

And circling suns and waning moons 
With heedless aspect views.. 

The infant dawn of human life, 

From him receives its rise : 
The wasting lamp of riper years, 
•. .By him extinguished, dies! 



Tlie sprightly hue on Beauty's check 

Feels his unkindly touch ; 
He draws the springs of nature dry, 

Whilst scarcely sieen t' approach* 

The fairest form in human mould 
Can't 'scape his ruthless hand : 

Heaps of them slain, within the year 
Have strew'd our native land. 

The young and old, the fool and wise, 

Alike, promiscuous fall : 
Crumble to their original. 

Whilst Time outlives them all !~ 

Yet not for ever ! —Mighty Foe ! 

Thou too art born to die; 
And in the common vnreck. of worlds 

Shall meet thy destiny. 

Then shall the just in glory meet, 
Nor dread a parting hour : 

Their stable joys shall then surmount 
Thy rainabie power, 

G. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

.» 

We were happy to learn, from indis- 
pviahle authority, tliat the mock <« Trial 
of the Rev. Edward Irving," is not, as 
>ye had been given to understand;, the 
work of a «' Christian minister ;" but 
that of a " Layman of considerable 
t*lcnts ^nd reputation.^' It is not 
denied that the writer has *' consider- 
able /a/^n(5," andsoj no doubt, had he 



who sold hifl Master fur/ the. love of 
pelf :'-*and as to ^' reputation,** Hiat 
also is a very equivocal tenn', and 

I depends entirely upon what kind of 

' aiifcctive should . govern the nomn f 
We hoj)e lo be excused ioroiFering our 
friendly advice, f * to ail whom it miglit 
concern," to have ho fujUire dealingi^ 
in tlie Market, making evrn the iinper- 

feciions of %ood men and miHi:iieri> of 

i Chiijst an article of trade 1 



33 



Sfttsi]^ C{)rontcle« 



Tub commencement of a new year affords a favourable opportunity for m^-^ 
knowledging the Divine direction and superintendence, which have been ta 
evidently displayed in the affairs of the Society, from its establishment to the 
present period. The stations to which the attention of the Society has beea 
directed — the Agents .they have been led to employ-— *and the measure of suc- 
cess which has followed their endeavours, all require distinct and grateful 
remembrance. Whatever, therefore, may be the future operations of the 
Society, or their results, past and present mercies demand the sacrifice of praise 
and thanksgiving. '< Ebenezer, — Hitherto hath the Lord helped us." 

The labours of the Society, under the gracious auspices of Divine Providence, 
have already greatly multiplied and extended ; and the state of Ireland still 
presents a scene of wide and persevering exertion for the future. Tfiese facts 
are introduced, that the necessity of importunate prayer, and the enlarged 
exercise of humble and entire dependence on Divine influence, may be constantly ' 
kept in practical remembrance. 

^ The expenditure of the Society, in the support of its numerous Schools, its 
itinerant Readers and Preachers,, has become much more than double the 
amount of its annual subscriptions; but, then, an appeal to the Christian 
public, on behalf of this important Institution, has never yet been made in vain ; ' 
the deficiency having always been made up by donations and congregational 
collections ; and it is confidently believed that, as its claims to benevolent 
attention become increasingly known and understood, pecuniary supplies will 
be cheerfully and liberally communicated. Encouraged by these considerations, 
the Society are desirous of proceeding in the discharge of present duties, - 
trusting that, at the conclusion of the year on which we now enter, it will be 
found their labour has not been in vain in the Lord. 

The following extracts from the Society's correspondence will be read with 
interest, as affording several pleasing indications of zeal and perseverance. 



From <m Irish Reader to the Rev, 
J. West. 

Boyky Sept. 1823. 
This month I did not go far from 
home ; but I hope wherever I am, that 
I spend my time doing the service of 
my Mastei', and where the Lord gives 
me an opening I strive to direct them 
to the fountain of life. A few days 
ago I was sent for -by the young .man 
that I spoke of in my last Journal, that 
was learning the Irish, to a house 
where there. were a great many men 
andf women together, tluit I might read 
and speak to them. I went to the 
house,' and immediately I began to 
^leak to them about the salvation of 
tiieir vouls.' There was an old man in 
the company, about eighty years of 
age, and when I began to read and 
speak to the people, he began to sing, 
in order to interrupt the discourse ; so 
immediately I directed ike conversa- 
tion to him, and told him, that accord- 
Utg to the ooorse of nature there was 
MO pcnon in the oempany so near go- 
ing -]>efore the tribunal of God, where 
he should give an account of the deeds 
done in -the body, whether they be 
good,. or w4ictber they be bad. Thus 



I spoke to him in a feeling manner, 
and proved all that I said from the 
word of God ; but to my great sur» 
prise, before I left the howe lie was 
shedding tears. Blessed be the Lord ! 
see what a sudden change the. word of^ 
truth made in thismftn in a short time. 
He often thanked God for hearing so 
much of such good news before he . 
died ; apd requested of me to visit . 
him as often as I could spare time ; 
"And," added he, " I hope in the 
Lord tliat I shall spend the rest of my . 
life, let it be long or short, in the ser- 
vice of God, as well as I know how, 
or possibly can." The old woman that . 
was sick, whom I made mention of ixk . 
my last Journal, is recovered of her 
sickness ; and I hope she .is .spared^ 
through mercy, to get more knowledge 
of her Saviour, for she was hardly able 
to move when she came to my houses 
and wished that I should, read for her ; 
although I went to see her often, and 
the poor v^oman, said that it was' all 
the comfort she had In her sickness 
when I went to visit her. ' I read ihe 
word of truth in several pUccs, but 
nottiing interesting took, place. I . re- 
main yours very truly, &c. &<?. 



$4 IHISH CHRONICLE. 

Pram llu ttime It tkt tone. "pare it in the quarter." Indeed, Sir, 

K,^ S,^ hyou were to nltae»g the cbeerful- 

■. ' . , . ' , iWB» which apiiMred in liis counte- 

Thii month I went to mj fornier „gn„ „heii speaking of the Society. 

pan.h of KilmatjKue, where the Lord yon would be highly delighted. In 

IS Blill showing hn amazing power m (he p^^t „f the town which I live in 

btuJEing Mny from worshipping the ^, present, my neigbbonra are all 

wort, of their own handj to serve the ho„„„ C.lholic 1 trust in Ux 

living God. On ray way I met a young Lorj ,!,„ he will make both MB and 

man, who was br«l a rigid Boman Ca- „, ^ic^ ^^^(^ ^^^^ ^^ f^^ thay 

tholw, who baa of late been affected ,eem to like what ihey hear from us: 

bj hearing the sc.iptures read ; he fo, ^ great many of them eome de<dia- 

openly confensed his aentiments, and ^dly to hear us read the Teitameat 

•oknowl»dg»i that be ha* been ail bis i endeavour first to impresa on their 

lifetime led into gro.s darlinea. and niinds.lhe danger of Uring in the in- 

em*. He aipreased lumaelf to Ibis dnigence of sin, and iteondly, the 

effKtinmy heating. Iwasmucbrc |„ppi„esa of rtljing on Jesus ChriM 

iOKedtobwrhimionetbatlkaewto foi iS^ration. 

be lonM time ago an enemy to the . 

(Auaa; but I hope that He who has „ . . , .. 

Bivenbim to see his danger, wilimani- P"^ "» '''"'' „^"" '" *^ ^w- -f- 

f«tt the efficacy of his atoning blood to WlUaH. 

him. I Btopt a night in one Fiuey's Revekend Sih, 

house, a Ruman (^tholic ; I read and It has been repeatedly proved, that 

eiplainedaportioa ofthe scriptures to the most eSectoal msana to better the 

the man of tlie bouse, and he said, *' I condition of the benighted inhabitanta 

naver had k> much pleasnre in all my of the mountainous parts of this 

life." They paid tlie greatest attention country, is the preaching of the ever- 

wbile 1 was leading, and continued lasting gospel, the school, and the 

untU it waa very far in tlie night, Bible. Ard bJbo that the disorders 

nUcbrejoicedme to see themsomuch and appalling oolrages which bar* 

delighted with what they heard— and taken place in Ireland, have, in nuMt 

■omeof theiuasking questionssach as cases, been confined to districts, to 

they did not understand ; and when I which as yet, the labours of the So- 

would tell them the meaning, they ciety have bad no access, which is 

seemed to be much rejoiced, as if I manifest here, and in other parts, 

S«ve then a great gift. where peace and subordination hare 

been preserved. I have travelled 

tbrongh the dark parts of this country 

From the same lo Ike stone, as usual, and read lor them the glad 

I Am happy to inform yon, that in tidi-gs. '"d ™ received with kind- 

*vcry direction I travelled, the people "^^ *";^ 'l'*!^' -'"'.,"'? inhabitants; 

are beginning to see whit go^ the r^^" "'*l^'"i'^ f t^oir own tongue 

Sbciaty is dofng for the poor children, ^f "r,""^"' T"^, of God. So that 

in giving them free education. I have ^."''" \»f '* ^ «"« " all tunes, to 

«*n an instance of this a few day* Pve such pleasing deUila of U» So- 

ngo. I waa carrying a few books to f "J » operations, a* may be grati^. 

Me ef the teaohersT and I met an i^g to lUb^evoiont supporter,. 

Medmanon the road who asked me . ^}^. "chools were never better at- 

irthey were the poor children's books "'»''"' "^ at present, ow«g to a 

I had with rae, I told him they were, ^<"*^ "f . t""** opposition which 

and he immediately took off his hat, lo'^f' '?. eJisted, and a disposition 

and said, " May 4a Lord bless the f " ^^ P? r^J *''*'"'*^ '^ Mgment 

Society that are sendlngd.e«: precions ^^ ""'"^" "f ""^^ P"P''«. ^^ "onp- 

riftitioorchildron, and are giving '»" ^,i *«» ""^ l^'^ whwh 

t&mwhat wo never oonld aSbrd to «"*■. °°'^ '!'**'"' """1 P"P;' »" *»- 

Biva them, for we cannot keep them ^'easing de«re to search the scrip- 

In clothes, not to speak of their V"V'.' .*'"' "'^. "«"'"«=« warranted 

•chooling.-^ "Bnt," »W he, "the l-y d.viae promises that the^r labour. 

I«rdhas raiMd np friends for ray ^J""! not be in vain : it has been oileo 

poor cluldren in Enrfand." I asked '||>P"s«donU.e minds of the teaohera, 

bmhow maoychUdren he had going "■" the boc.eCy has fonts object to 

tothe«*ool? hetold mehehadfive, "'^"^ the triumphs of the gospel, 

and his brothar four, and, said he, *^ "l* "«" "^ "•• ^s*'?"'. vrhicb 

" If tea.panee waa sniBdent to p»y e«l»j'l«'n» «^"> to ai.l.ctpat» w'itb 

tor HKiiVcbooUns, Iconld noti^ll «»^««e, "«». « 1«W« (hej *i»- 



IKIBH CHRONICLE. 



36 






rktfe lIiFir seTcral dutita, ihef iholl 
net wftnt, bnt goodneis and mercy 
iWl follow them all their daj>. And 
Ihote nho Bcnd their chiLdrcn to Uw 
tchool bear teatimODj to many happy 
Ksulli, and exclaim that the; have 
ciuMaftlutnkAilneBa, that instead or 
nreumg, qoarrelling, and idlinf, 
Aeir cluldreii remain at home comniit- 
tiag thrir tasks to memoir in obcdi- 
rirf. tn their pairents and teachers, 

n who had two ofhischll- 

t Mn. Carney's school, anil 
who was a ribbondman, the Teala.- 
nent was the class-book of his eldest 
tUld; lie read it from cover to cove] 
wlUi great earnestneaa and attenlion 
and so powerful was the effect o. 
iMne truth on his mind, tEiat hii 
int conviction and cocreaaion was 
thatheoonld not be a christian am 
nmaiD a ribbondman. 1 met with E 
K. of B— , in D— , who travelled will 
m* to bis place, he iurited me to reai 
fte Irish acriptnres for his mothei 
which has proved moie profitable t 
lumgelf than (o her, as he has latel] 
ttiroDgh the medium of healing th 
holy scriptares exponaded, renounce 
popery and all its delnaions. He mt 
with a priest accompanied with 
seboolmaster near S., who knowin 
fl«t he had left their communioi 
began to mock him. " Please to te 
m," said he to the priest, " what 
the reason thtit you use tow, salt, oi 
a white i;loth, and a candle, in ba; 
lifiag tfaS infant 1 Or why do yt 
Mow on the water three times, onoij 
ibe child's ears and noae, and p 
the gait in its mmth, aid cut so mai 
oreasBar' " These are mysteries t 
liifh for yon tu Icbow," said the priei 



oftheSeiiptnres, ! 

pwsoBs in Dublin to form what th 

cill the " SCHiPtDHE Reapers f 

tctiT ;" the pillowing are the " 1 

itti>t6ntm, [which are] to be stric 

sltended to- by Persons employed 

feaders." 

);i '.' YOa are to travel abe 
iWaugh the diBtrict appointed fbr y 
'iiiUnft frotu bouse to house, for 
pirpose of reading the Scriptures 
Ikeievrer' orders, accompanying » 
r««diog with plain remarfis ; point 
tbeir attention to Him of whom t 
teiiu'y throughout, as the v>ay, 
tnU, nd tht life. 

i, " Reraember that your princi 



ict must be to call the attention «f 
I to the Scriptures, strongly tupng, 
iQ their own authority, the silk of 
;leotins Uiem ; setting Ihem forth an 

only infallible rule of faith and 
ctice, a* able to make men iriMaala 
^alioK, througk faith wkith U tft 
1M C/iml .' so that your hearers may 
m that they are given by intpiraiiiin 
'Hod, and are prcJiiahU for dmtriiie, 

reproo/./or cotrectioii, far iiMlrtu- 
n inTiifhttoameu ; Ihai Iht aum tf 
4 nay be perfect, thorongUtf farnitli' 
umIo good tcorfc). 

), " You ere strictly prohibiledfhim 
rrying about with you, for the pur- 
se either of reading to the people, or 
distributing amonti them, any book 
publication but the acripturee of the 
Id and New Testament. 
4. " You are strictly prohibited from 
eaching, either In honsea or elae- 
liere; and must avoid, altogether, 
semblies of the people at fairs or 
aikets — youi haaineaa is to be with 
Duties and individuals. 
6. " Carefully avoid giving offence, 
r harsh or unkind attacks ^upon the 
rors of those with whom you have 
I do ; but avail yourself of such op> 
jrtanities as the passages yon read, 
r the remarks of the hearers, may af- 
ird, for affectionately setting before 
tem the truth from the Scriptures 
liemselves ; so that their errors may 
ppear to be ejposed or reproved, ra- 
ler by the Word of God, than l^your 
wn words ; and that in a spirit of 
)ve, and not of controversy. In so 
oing, yon are not to rest satisfied vrith 
noting from memory ; bnt, as much 
s possible, make it your habit to refer 
o the book itself, and to raad from it. 

8. " Ifyouarewellreceivedin any 
ilace, continue there aa long as jou 
ied yourself useful, unless your pre- 
i^e should eicite violent and puUia 
>pposition; in which case it will b« 
^our duty to depart for a time. 

7. " On yoar arrival in any plare, 
ai in journeying Uirough yonr district 
from place to place, you must leave m 
bouse nnvisitifd where there is amy rea> 
sonable prospectof your being luafnk 
if every dooris shutagamst yoa, d» 
not spend time ia eWavoariag t» 
overcoue opposition, but •eekaBOthtc 
naighboarlraod. 

8. " If in any plaoe, or vrith any 
person, you have been the means of 
awakening attention to the Scriptures, 
it will be in the highest degree im- 
portant to endeavour to keep that at- 
tention alive, by frequently revisitins 
that place, or that person. 

0. " The limits which yon are to tr«. 



S6 



IRVSH CHHONICLt. 



vel ^iU be assigned to you by your su- 
periDtendant, and your uaovenients 
ifithin them are to be entirely directed 
by him. Yoii are upon all occasions 
to be governed by his advice. You are 
to consider yourself as under his di^ 
rections, and every part of your con- 
duct is to be open to his examination 
and controul. You veill receive from 
bim such copies of the Soriptufes as he 
shall think it right you should distri- 
bute ; and you are implicitly to • obey 
such instructions as he shall give you, 
as to the terms upon which, and the 
places where, you are to circulate 
them. * 

10. " You are to communicate with 
your employers only through your su- 
perintendant, and not by letter direct- 
ly ; you vdll receive your salary from 
him, which vrill be paid to you by such 
instalments as he may think expedient. 

11. "You are directed to keep a regu- 
lar journal of each day's proceedings, 
Aoting carefully the places, and if pos- 
sible the names of the owners of each 
house in which you shall have read the 
Scriptures; and mentioning precisely 
the portions of Scripture read by you 
on each occasion. You must not suf- 
fer the preparing of your journal to in- 
terfere with your more important du- 
ties. ' Let it be a plain narrative of 
fkcts, briefly but accurately stated. 
Trust as little as possible to memory ; 
but, at farthest, note the transactions 
of each day before the close of the 
next. 

12. "Your journal must at all times 
be open to the inspection of your su- 
perintendant; and must be deposited, 
with him at the end of every three 
months, to be transmitted to your em- 
ployers. 

13. " Abstain, in every part of your 
oonduct, from artifice or misrepresen- 
tation ; and do not intentionally give 
occasion of mistake as to your own 
creed, or profession of religion. 

" You are called upon to take an ac- 
tive part in the service of God ; let it 
be your constant effort to shew a pat- 
tern of the life of a true Christian — in 
•patience, forbearance, meekness, and 
true holiness. 

' '^ And, to this end, live in constant 
prayer — attend on all the ordinances 
and means of grace — especially be di- 
ligent in the study oi Holy Scripture 
' — let the Lord be your strength and 
your dependence ; trust in the Lord 



icith all thine heart, and lean not unto 
thine ou^n underttanding — in all thy 
ways acknowledge him, and he shall di- 
rect thy paths, — Prov. iii. 5, 6." 



To the Secretaries, 

Dec. 10, 1823. 

Mr D&AR Sirs, : , 

I have collected, as under, for the 
Society, ^ s, d. 

AtBristol 123 2 10 

Trowbridge.... 26 12 

Westbury 13 12 6 

The annual meeting for the India Mis- 
sionary Society, being about to be 
holden at Bath, I declined to collect 
there, at the request of the friends 
who have engaged that our Society 
shall not suffer by the delay. Two 
Iriends there, gave me one guinea 
each, lest they should be from home 
when our collection comes on, which 
is fixed for the last week in January 
next. 

The ministers generally in all the 
places received me with the greatest 
kindness, and I was greatly occupied 
in preaching the whole time. I trust 
my visit to Scotland may be equally 
successful. I am, 

Yours respecfully, and devotedly, 
Stephen Davis. 

P.S. I received, in addition to the 
above, £5 to give in charity, and four 
guineas and ajhalf for my new meeting- 
house which is building at Clonmel, so 
that I collected altogether £175 3s. loa. 



The following Sums were inserted on the 

Coter of the Magazine last month, but 

lest the Readers of the Chronicle 

Ishould not hate seen thenif they are oc- 

knowledged here,' 

Received by the Treasurer of the Bap- 
tist Irish Society. 

£ St* d^ 

Collected by Rev. Mr. Shir- 
ley, in parts of Essex, 
Sufltolk,and?Jorfolk.... 104 16 «i 

Benjamin Nice, Esq. by 

Ditto— Annual 21 Q. 

Collected by Rev. Moses 
Fisher in Leeds and 
Bradford, for Schools .. . 38 ia 

Received from the Worces- 
ter Silver-street Auxili- 
ary Society 26 10 8 



Mis^iomvp j^eraft* 



BAPTIST MISSIOW. 

LINCOLN. 

On Holiday, Stth ot Horeabei, 
tlnre'^tA 4 General Mm ting of tbe 
tatfit of tb* Uaptict MiuloD >d 
tie ancient city «f lincola. Ttitt ■ 
DoalMtad election for a member to 
letjt ift Paxliamenl for the connl;, 
vbi^ wks especlad to Utke place 
anTaevdar, niflit not intetftre with 
Ike UUiktaarT HeeUiig, >t «ra« keld at 
k^lf-put six o'clock, Monday eTeoiag, 
at the Baptist Meeting hoaae. There 
VMareligionoerTicc, pieparatorj to 
tlkii 9t half-past two in the aftemoaa ; 
U4)l> itwaa pnggested that it ^u 
tl<fiiiit>le OD qach occuums to •peod 
won lime in prayer (ban had beeD 
usual ; aod that aa much ha;d been aaid 
anlMlwitbiD the last few yaaraoi 
tbe importance of the iaduancei of th( 
Holy Spirit, and thUhiietHning tothi 
chBrch in old time* was in ajuwer t< 
united and' peneferiog prayer, t«(< 



Xtirark, and the R«>-. Mr. 'G»U«ii< 
cf Uncola, (of tliA Vesl^ejan per 
•uanon ;) and- Mr., 9lBDdeU of Nprth 
Wp0n 4el>''"f4 >>> addrM^ 09 tb 
obligations ^li «nqwr«sien]#nra al 
w«y« to atKWMl >a thia good work 
■AuvbiuJi he concluded iq pr«yei 
Tilt nliole service seemed acccptabli 
ud it is hoped will not he in vain i 
the Lord. The eTcniiiE service con 
tteactd as nppoipted. A nioislvr < 

VOL, XVI. 



le General BaptUt Denoniioaliett 
rayed, Addressci, both informioiJ and 
nimating, were delivered by Hesan. 
honger of Hull, Gladstone, Galland' 
f Lincoln, Perkins, Biondell, iiC. Uc. 
he Meeting was well attended, and 
lie collections liberal. T. B. 



Jtorefgn SnteiUseme. 

CALCUTTA. 
CrnHnutd from jmgt SW, l^t ytar.) 
Obb congregations during this monlb 
.ast, have genendly been good at our 
■lace of worship. I often wish, wh«» 
lilting andeonverMng with the nativei, 
hat I could commit to paper the convet- 
ations thai pM" '"> ^f' colrse of a* 
lonr or two, at the very time, and e>- 
icttyin themanoertheytakeplace. I 
lonbt not they wonld appear mtereat- 
nglo onr European friends; hot at 
Jus kind of work I am but a very in- 
rorior band. At the time you ate tjikpo 
apwithyonrwark, in a ehort space 
vou may meet with eight or ten objec- 
tors, with different degrees of good or 
evil temper; sometimes objections ap- 
pear weighty, at other times altogether 
ftiTolous, and all expect they ahaH 
meet with Immediate atUntion, or eua 
yoQ are accused of \*jBhing to have it 
lu your own way; all must be ai- 
lenced, if not satUfied, before you om 
rnaifortably KO forward. And trom 
SZSS- "^ ItoS!, "»« K ^ 
ji™, u » Ji«="« ■■> ■»"•" '^ "' 

prove edifying aad e^^""^, ^^S 
puws U n«t t. ioipOTWble. i» «j 



38 



MISSIONARY HERALU. 



titithltis at ill ii uiwaUifBstory ; thi 
Adaption of a mldills course Bcema onl< 
pr&cticable wtien some itriking inci 
dent taice* place, that givea a leadini 
chaiaclei to the whole SBrrice. 

A pelion, by the name DfRam Mo 
hna, haa been amongst us this montl 
as an taqnirer : I fear, honaver, he ii 
not in ennieat. Be is a B^aggee — i 
man of excellent nataral parti, bn 
tendered half nad b; hia wild caree: 
In the lervice of Satan. He has beei 
with us formerlj, though far no lengll 
of time ; jet tbere appear to han 
been some TBfs of light Temainiiif 
vith liim, that afford a little addi 
lional interest in conreraing nilh him 
to what we fpel when vre come io con< 
tact with an entire stranger. Byraggeei 
pride themaelves much upon an indif 
frrence to the world, and profes* to bt 
ntioTe eiu'oynient oi BuHeriniK : yet Kan: 
Mohuh had not been with us m an in- 
quirer twenty-four hours before be if 
nneaiy abont eating and drinking and 
clothing 1 

84(fa. lliis morning Kam Midinii 
comefl, and taking lie New TMlanxnl 
in hli hand, and silting on the steps ol 
the tank near our bungalow, -reads 
alond in a lone eimilar to tlioae who 
read ths Ramayan, and continuM hia 
exercise for more than an honr, with- 
out BUBering himself to be ialerrupted 
by any, who coming to the tank to 
, bathe, slop to hear. Well, thought I, 
these are the words of truth, and who 
can tell bat some sentence may sink 
into the earof someone; and thus Ram 
Mohun may be the means of doing 
what nertr entered into fais heart — 
save some fellow-sinner. After conti' 
nning this exercise for a very long 
time, he came into the bouse, as 
■tidght a* an arrow, and as full of 
romplaeency as the Pharisee, "who 
went tip into the temple to pray," tec. 
"Sir, here is the holy book, I have 
bmfi TntHng there for a long time, 
aad «Mr 1 want a book to learo to 
^ray-out' of; for, some-how, prayer 
does BOl well came ant," He had a 
much better cloth upon him than be 
had last week, aad equally as much 
consequence -about his carriage; yet 
■ there is great good nature about him— 
he is handsome in bis appeBrance--his 
mteraoce is bold and clekr^but Ram 
Mohun is not touched at heart. 

This month has brought to us ano- 
ther person, between forty and fifty 
■jtmn of age, a Brahmun, of stem 
aspect, large aquiline nose, who grave- J 
ly professes he ailt be hangfd if he 
does not prore all the ahastras, and til 
the modes of Hindooittn, to be faUe.'l 
He came once or twice white we were ' 



engaged in the natire chapel, and 
opened his paper*, and began to r«ad. 
Whether it be journeying to Benares, 
or Gyeh, or batUng in Onnga, or what, 
erer it might be, he concludes the ft- 
ragniph by pledging himself to be 
hung if he fails to prove that all is 
false. If interrupted, he is filled with 
anger, and breaks out in the moat 
shocking abnie. But "why does he 
come with us f Nay, bnt he thinks we 
must necessarily be one with him be- 
cause we both agree Ihal these Ihloga 
are utterly false. We tell him to let 
go wbal he has thus discovered to be 
false ; but before he can be right, be 

Jeaus. 

Specimen <tf Mciai I^e. 
I hare often felt grieved at the sad 
efPecIs of falsa religion upon the social 
character, and this momtag I had a 
very affecting instanca of it. An old 
man, not less than sixty, came to me 
with n countenance full of grief and 
rage, with a wound over bia left ry«. 
which he professed to liare been in- 
flicted by one of his Sons. I heard all 
he had to say, and then called his. two 
song in to inquire from them as to the 
cuQ|dainta of the poor old man, and 
give them the best reproof I was able. 
After the father had finUhed, I in- 
quired of the elder what he had to say, 
9s his father had charged him wiih 
beating hint with AusA<ie,*and a num- 
ber of other things. He said, "Sir, 
ay father is so full of rage, we are 
anable to live in the houae with 
bim. As to the wound he has over 
bis eye, he got ft when in a great 
ra^e with the servant; he jumpt 
from his seat to beat him, and threw 
:very thing into confusion in the 
louse ; and whereas he says I beat 
lim, 1 only went to the protection of 
ny mother, as he began to abuse her 
uid tear her clothes 1 I tell yon how 
t is. Sir, toy father loves no one in his 
louse but his cow. If the cow ebis, 
le does not Care what becomes of Us. 
?e is an old man, he ought to subdue 
lis anger, bnl - it gets worse and 
vorse." The old man says," Ask the 
'ouDgest?" I did, and he corrobo- 
ated (he statement of the former. I 
le^cd him to be recoo^led to Ids 
hildren, but alt was in vdin. The 
Mer son came into the room again. 
Dined his hands, and began to entreat 
he father to be recunciled. The father 
..ardened as the boy melted and hum- 
bled himaelf. The boy fell nn Us 
knees, cluiig about the legs of the fa- 



MIISlOMAKY. UIIALU. 30 

uiid DMka latitbulory pro- 
gmi. He concludes with k ftiw 

miacelliineaui 

" 1 oai j want yon to 'let me ■kue."' S>*^ «"t<re i 

Mid ke, " God Hisy puidoB yoa. Mt . j. , 

Okt ia braiien. What ksTe I to do If »«*«»o« «i 

wUfcyon!" Tlis bo; liolduuc LU lee . pl«>« w«i>d orery aueaion •UUm, 

«., ftoBi the ptUttato ion. I ha^ ?"'V,°Jl!"P?- Each .chool wooM 
MdeaTDUted to ptafV him before, "l" '''•'"^ ''3' *••■ MiWo""!. •"d, at 
olxn qoacreU have taken place; but the wm* l.me, the pwple of the plao* 
m Doming aU my arKumento felled, "nd their .ei^bours would hear the 
Ihi* benefit, h«w»»e' aiote tu me "?^.<*r°°i: ""' '"^"J' '^'^ «?^ 
Inm tba iiuudeUt the meroy of our "•IrJ'""" ^om «ny b«.k or l^ct Wl 
Ueafonly Father Mt forth In the p.- ".th^KAooli it would »1» make the 
nble of the Prodinl Son •eeniMl in- M'«"0"'y ""•;", reipectahle, (whwh 
tipreiubly eweet and fordbte bt the "«>Vi^^ '» »"« country,) and Uken 
■bribr^niyeje* wl>" might fall from bia lipi would be 



paiaful contrast that wai brfbr* my e;e». 
lUrewasa perion, without oiue, 
bmUag with HnminglMl rage against 



vi«i*ed tritb much maK attention than 
otberwbe; and abuTe all, the ri 



tbefraltofhle fc>dy-lbe wnTomei, gene»Uon would be more prepared to 

beg. forslvoneu with ■upt^iuthatid. "9^7^* """li"", ''^"- v ,1 ■.?'' 

uSTbended kwwe, proehSeTbimielf, » de. LaTtng wonihlp inmy h|dl with » 

en>bra«M Ui feet, cliag. about bU iUtedconBreBaUon,! ha« thttjeother 

leg*: hrtrili«iii.aTaili»|.-OurHea- «atedplacei ofwonJi.p; bol the cob- 

WBly Father i...ffe«dB(l,iDinlted, for- pepihon a not stated, but flucluat- 

Mken-and yet hU heart melt* with ""8-"" P«"pla «tand for some tune, 

pty.burlesin obliTion all the renem- "^^^" i"" *"T to others. TTie 

banee of the past, and with open method I take at thwo plac« is Ih.s; 

ar». Sie. to ««*r«< the retanungVo- ^ ^^ *"" <" "•[•? »f I".""*'". >■«?<»■ 

bel. ■niii, we aee a pleaglBB comment «"">«■ "^ •?'' •^f," ""8"' " J •'"B^J. 

upon that coiwoliog »cnptore, " My " 'y,""'' ^'^^ =°""'=" », """"f^/ o* 

Mjs are not your ways, niilher are mi Pf>P'fi ona of ub then reidi a portion 

lioughtiyourthon^ts,saiththeLord." «f wnplure, and we aU speak to them 

" insuecession, and then conclude. My 

— • ^ subject* are generaUy these: 1*1, 

CUTWA ^*''' created man by and for himself, 

A LATE com.a„;aiH«„ f™„ ^S^T'i^.^S'Si 

Mr. W. Carey coarsins Oiuvh iid- brought on all the misery that we see 

portaut iutelligence respecting in the world ; we often bring in poc' 

Native School* a subiect on ti*"" of Iheirowu shasters, to prore 

•hicb f„. hi. i,.g „.i<i»c. arparbvra5".ry;,!.v. 

entirely among the nltlve*, and when we pn)»B to them that there is 

thorough knowledge of their Ibu- not one man to be found who, conti- 

tuace, wliicli b quite a» familiar ""'"B '" ""ei' ""y». l>w forsaken sin ; 

.oiiro.«theEt.giisi, hi,te.ri- i^:^x.^^'^^7:L'i^^^ 

mony IS of peculiar Ttlue. He ,„ ^eep from sin, aad follow the ways 

U5ures ua that there U no diffi- of boiinesa, "nese arc proofs they can 

tulty whatever iu establithine say notluo? againat, and I have often 

scbools, pnmded the requisite "" *!f? ^''.»*^J^T ""'Sr t 

,, "i.. ... , ' , worship are attended once a day, it 

lands could be obtained ; on the the weather permiu, in rotation. I 

contrary, ibat he has beeu " per- should hare had more if I could con- 

feclly t«BZ«<) witii daily petitions °iand money to build then. 3rd. 

from alt quarters" to confer this About a mouth ago the Seranporo 

"" ^ . , mZ. k I ■ Brethren sent a yonng man up for 

fwour upon .them. The scholars Beerbhoom, who is now there, Vhich 

Uder bl9 personal superintend- divides this church into two; -the 

nice include the children from greatest number of the membera are 

Christian, Hindoo, ai>d Mahome- I?'"j,:^ ^5",'?? "''i^^T 1^1^, 

J _ ... . . , the bread of lilc. The Lord prosper 

am families, who are toitrocted ^j, „„^ -„ uatquarter, and gathwia 

■areadtngi wntHig, Had aiilbme- Ue cheaen from «J1 part* ! 



40 



MlSSlOilAiiY HERAUm 



BENCOOLEN. 

Skvbkal Letters, of various 
dates^ have lately reaehed us 
from this station. FfoiH ob^ of 
thrift Wc^ ccipy the following ac- 
count of the progress making in 
the disseiuination of tracts and 
copies of the holy scriptures 
among the natives, 

ALtndudH our further intercourse 
wlitL the people has developed tons 
new scenes Of vice land wretcbedttess. 
It has no*t been wholly unattended bjr 
circumstances of encouragement. The I 
circulation of liooks, far from termi- 
nating iq satiated curiosity, appears to 
have had the effect df exciting atten- 
tion to the subjects of which thejr' 
treat, and from the satii^ation afford- 
ed to have produced in the mindii of 
kome, k desire for additional informal 
iion. The number distributed this 
quarter falls short of that of the last, 
on acc6unt of our editions being ex- 
hausted, but applications have been 
more numerous. These have been 
chieiQy for the works already in circu- 
lation, but several inquiries have been 
made for new ones. None of our pub- 
lications hitherto have been of a reli- 
gious nature, unless we Except the 
Sract on the creation, from the book of 
Genesis, which, however, the Muham- 
medans consider a source of the 
Koran. This circumstance, though 
perhaps Originally unintentional on 
oiir part, has been productive, we 
hope, of a more extensive demand 
both for such tracts ks have been is- 
sued, and foF such religious ones as 
well an others^ as may be printed in 
future. The Mklays, from being but 
little accustomed to read, and on ac- 
count of the uncertainty df their ortho- 
graphy, are obliged to bestow inrnflcnse 
labour before they can comprehend 
the subject of Almost any book. When 
Philip's question is put, " Under-: 
8tandest thou vrhat thou readest?" 
the answer is commonly that of the. 
eunuch, " How can I, except some 
inaa should guide me ?*' Sometimes, 
however, it varieSy " How is it pos- 
sible at the first reading V Their own 
manuscripts generally require to be 
read over several traies before fhey 
can he understood, and under these 
circumstances but few perhaps who 
have received our Ix^ks wou^ hate 
been disposed to apply a second time, 
were so much toil rewarded by so 
little pleasure, as to many, the sub- 
jects of an erroneous religion would 



doubtless appear capable of in^artingi 
Having advanced sebjects at the 
commencement noC^rectly attacking 
their religious prejudices, and having 
thereby obtained some measure of 
attention, a tract has at length been 
prepared on the way of salvation by 
Christ. It contains a plaiii statement 
of the mode of- redemption, rather 
largely illustrated by appropriate fi- 
gures and parables drawn from topics 
familiar to the people. It is divided 
into three parts, the first treating of 
the univecsal prevalence Of sin ; the 
second of the great tfuestioo, lnow can 
a sinner kie ^aved; and tike third of 
the way of salvatiOta. It will occupy 
sixty or seventy octavo pages, and we 
trust will prove fa valuable little work 
for extensive circulation. Of its re-<^ 
cef»t)Ofn we shall have occasion to 
speak at a future "^mO. 

Conceiving the people to be in some 
degree prepared by the previous dis 
tribetion ot tracts, and the 'gospel of 
St. Matthew^ we have, during this 
period, given away a considerable 
nnmbet of copies of the New Teata^ 
ment. Mr. Winter had receiVed 
several cases of an edition printed in 
a superior st3f4e at Haariem ; he had 
in his possession also, a large supply 
of Mt. Hutchings's edition, printed at 
Serampore, amounting altogether, pev 
haps, to a thousand copies. Of these, 
about four hundred have been various- 
ly disposed of, and from the willing- 
'ness with which they have been gene- 
rally received, and even the eagerness 
to obtain them manifested in some 
cases, we shall doubtless be able in 
time to distriimte the remainder^ 

The method pursued in distributing 
both tracts and scriptures, hks, by 
reason of our restricted means, been 
characterised by economy. It has com- 
monly been as follows — Tien or twenty 
copies of the New Testament, and 
fifty or a hundred tracts 'Ure ccirricd 
into the bazar on Sabbath -morning, 
which being observed as a day of rest 
from labour by the servants of govern- 
ment, tiie convicts, axid indeed a large 
portion of the native population, has 
become a kind of market-day. Hay- 
ing taken a station in a shop, or some 
conspicuous place, where a few people 
are ibtiiid assembled, a portion Of 
scripture or a tract is read, illustrated, 
or recommended, and u conversation is 
entered upon. The number of hearers 
perhaps gradually increases, and in 
conclusion, l)ooks are ofi*ered to each 
person found on trial qualified io read 
them. At other times we merely visit 
the shops, and inquire who in them Is 



miS10irA»V »t.%AL9f 



TT 



itiUeto r<f«id; and fvilliBg to receive 
books, end when sech « person ie 
fotnd, he ander^oee the neeeeBery 
eitmbMitleny «Bd if properly qualified^ 
is fUrefeeled with eome* Hy this prac- 
tH^ we lure enabled to distribute both 
tracts andseriptnreejacttcioosly, aiMi 
to adA a oertain value -to them which 
they would not^possess if sqaandered 
away in ittdiscnminate profusion. We 
hye lately dieoovered that we may 
loftve books for distribution at the 
shops of the native merchamte and 
trsidem. lliis we have reason to hope 
will furnish many exeellent epportu- 
Bitiee Co forward them, not only to 
various parts of the island, but also 
to distant parts of the Arahipelago. 
A lew SabbathB ago, half a des^n 
Ttttamebte were left as a trial at a 
shop in the bazar, with directions to 
ascertain that the persons who might 
ask for them were sufficientiy able to 
read. The merchant to whose care 
they were committed, was originally 
fmn a diatrict near Padaag. He said 
he still maintained a correspondence 
with his friends there, and that he 
had some considerable time ago at 
thdr own req&est, forwarded to them 
two copies of the New Testament. 
1\ro days after this he deputed a 
neighbouring trader to know if he 
aight dispose of two copies only to 
persons of the eettlement, and trans- 
mit the remaining four to his cob- 
nexions near Padang, for which port 
a boat was then about to sail. The 
trader at the same time, begged to be 
entrusted wHh ten eopies more for 
the sailors of aome small Buggis ves- 
aels then here for the purpose of trade, 
and about to return to their native 
country near Macassar. May we not 
Kgard a few ef the Muhamrmedans as 
thus virtually ^igaged in the destruc- 
tion of that fabric of deiunon, which 
has deceived 00 many miHions of their 
hretkrm into irrevooable ruin? 



S£BOLGA. 
^HE follcming extracts are 
made from a letter^ addressed by 
Mr. Jgurioii to Pr. Ryland, dated 
^uly 26, 1832, and which is the 
first written after his arrival at, 
this uew station. 

Ok our first arrival at Bencoolen we 
HtUe expected that two years would 
elapse before vre should ^e able to fix 
upon our places of permanent abode, 
aad become in any good degree settled ; 
}et this haa been the ckae, and I hope 



in the end it will appear that we have 
been under the immediate guidance of 
our gracious and heavenly Father. In 
the various steps that have led to the 
present arrangement ef stations and 
Miaaioi^urifis pn this coaJ^t, I trust we 
have had no object in view but that of 
directing oar efforts in the best possi- 
ble channel for the advancement of his 
cauBe:^ and if so, we need be under no 
apprehensions as to the result. 

The Great Head of Missions seems 
now to have placed the whole line of 
the coast, and the greatest part of the 
interior of this large island, under 
your peculiar care. We consider it to 
be thus divided amongst oar present 
three stations : — the southern part of 
the coast from Indrapora point to the 
Straits of Sunda is in a measure under 
the influence of our brethren at Ben- 
coolen; the middle, from Indrapora 
to Ayer Bungey, together with the 
very extensive and populous country 
of Menangcabow,interior from Padang, 
is the wide ield now opened to our 
brother Evans at that station ; and all 
the coast to the northward of Ayer 
Bungey, is considered in some mea- 
sure under tlie care of the station at 
Tappanooly, or rather Sebolga, whilst 
the principal objects of its attention 
and concern are, the poor Battas, in- 
habiting the interior from this place 
and the coast surrounding its exten- 
sive bay. The interior, from the first 
mentioned division of tlie coast, is in- 
habited by the nations of Rejangs and 
Lampongs, each of whom have a lan- 
guage and written character peculiar 
to themselves, and for whom at present 
we can make no efforts, as they are too 
far inland. In the second of these di- 
visions the Malay language is all that 
is required ; but in the last the Batta 
chiefly, which is spoken by about a 
million of that benighted ra^, and the 
attainment of which must now engage 
ear whole attention^ Oh ! that it may 
engage our whole hearts too, that we 
may soon be enabled to point these 
degraded revengeful cannibals to*' the 
Lamb of Cod, who taketh away the 
Binof the world." I long to feel my 
heart yearn over them, as did Brain- 
erd's, and as many a Moravian Mis- 
sionajry's has done over numerous 
tribes of similar wretchedness. 

Having arranged with the Managers 
of the Orphan Schools, that the females 
of that Institution should accompany 
Mrs. Burton to Sebolga, it became ne- 
cessary that some place should be p^- 
pared for their reception, and that our 
house, which was building at Sebolga, 
should be got ready as soon as possi- 



42 



MISSIONARY UfeKAtO. 



Ue ; or though Mr. Prince, with his 
accufltonrad goodnefls. had offered to 
accommodate us in his house on the 
Island at Tappanooly, till such time 
as our own should be sufficientiy ad- 
vanced to receive us, yet we could not 
tliink of intruding upon hitU a school 
of eight young children, besides our 
own family. To make these necessary 
prepathtions, therefore, I was obliged 
again to separate from my beloved fa- 
mily at Marlbro', on the (Uh of last 
month, and come up to this place in a 
small bo<t alone, leaving them to fol- 
low me in the first vessel that might 
come. 

But another great inducement for 
my leaving Marlbro' before Mrs. Bur- 
ton, and in a small boat was, that it 
afforded me an opportunity of making 
a coasting voyage, and distributing 
tracts at the small ports all along the 
coast, from Indrapora point north- 
wards. I accordingly took with me 
200 copies of four tracts lately pub- 
lished at Bencoolcn, besides many 
Gospels and Hymn-books. The winds 
did not permit me to touch at as many 
places as I first intended : but when I 
reached Nattal on the 19th, I ihad but 
ten tracts left, which I distributed in 
the bazar on the following Sabbath, 
and could prudently have given away 
a hundred had I possessed them. I 
was rejoiced to find that they were ge- 
nerally understood, and read with 
mpre ease than their own books. They 
were much pleased to obtain them, 
and seemed surprised at our liberality 
in giving such good books away. The 
Malays, who have the ability, are com- 
monly fond of reading, and have a 
great reference for whatever is met 
with in a book; and the ability to 
read is much more general than has 
been usually supposed, which is a very 
favorable circumstance ; for having a 
press, and a man in every respect qua- 
lified for writing tracts on any subject, 
there seems no insuperable barrier in 
the way of a very wide diffusion of 
knowledge among them, which will 
certainly give a death-blow to their 
present blind superstition andapostacy. 
I am fully of opinion that amongst all 
ignorant tribes, not accustomed to 
books, the distribution of small tracts, 
written in an easy style, or of single 
Gospels, is much more likely to do 
good than that of whole Bibles, or even 
of New Testaments. This opinion is 
strengthened by the experience and 
•observation of every day. In the lat- 
ter instance they despair of ever get- 
ting through the book, and so never 
begin i or if they read in it at all; it is 



merely a passage here and there, and 
never attain a connected idea of its 
contents; whereas a small tract, 
bringing before them one interesting 
subject, is read repeatedly with plea- 
sure and profit. Much as I rc^oe 
therefore at the prosperity of the Bri- 
tish and Foreign Bible Society, it 
would give me pleasure to hear that 
one-l^inl at least of their funds were 
regularly given up to the ForeignTract 
Society. On my way up I spent two 
very pleasant days with our friends 
Mr. and Mrs. Evans at Padang, and 
sincerely rejoiced with them that this 
Lord seems to be opening to them the 
wide door of usefulness, which that 
station commands, but which we fear- 
ed would have been kept shut against 
them. Mr. Evans will be able to dis- 
tribute about a thousand of each tract 
published at Marlbro', if so many can 
be spared him. 

Sebolga, the place at which our house 
is building is a Batta village, on the 
nearest part of the Main, about two 
miles distant from the small island of 
Punchon, on which is the Company's 
settlement. As we shall only have 
Battas near us, we shall he in favora- 
ble circumstances for learning the lan- 
guage ; but our own servants must be 
Measor Malay, since the Battas do 
not engage themselves as household 
servants commonly, and this will prove 
a hindrance. I am rejoiced to find that 
there are so many of their words the 
same as theMalay, so that their language 
will not be so difficult to acquire as-we 
at first supposed. Our house is now 
so far advanced, that we can enter it 
as soon as Mrs. Burton arrives. The 
Rajah of Sebolga has given roe the 
ground: himself and people seem dis- 
posed to be very friendly. Much as 
these people are generally dreaded, I 
have found no reason for supposing 
that we shall be exposed to any per- 
sonal danger in this situation. 1 go 
amongst them every where unattended, 
and have slept in our house, close to 
their campong, many times before it 
had door or window, nor have I heard 
that a single article has b6^n pilfered 
from the workmen. 

We purpose to give extracts 
from a camwutiication of more 
recent date in our next Number. 

KINGSTON, 

We have the pleasure to an- 

uounce the safe arrival of Mr. and 

JMrs. Couhart, together with Mr. 

Godden^ ^t Liverpool, after a te« 



MISSIONARY HERAL'P. 



43 



(lious passage of 1 1 weeks ; and it 
affords us additional gra^ficatiou 
to state, that the change of scene 
and of climate, since her - em* 
WkatioD, appears to have -been 
of great service to the heahh of 
Mrs. CouUart. 

Siace oilr friends landed, a let* 
terhas come to hand from Mr. 
Knibb« which affords satisfactory 
evidence that the cause of the 
Redeemer is still advancing at 
this important station. 

^ On the first Sabbath in September, 
the ordinanee of baptism was adminis- 
tered in the baptistery of our New 
Chapel. It was truly a solemn and 
impressive service.- The candidates 
for baptism were arranged each sids 
the baptistery, decently clothed, before 
the chapel was publicly opened, that 
BO confuston might take place in the 
arrangement. Many of the front seats 
of the gallery were occupied by res- 
pectable indiTidaals, some of whom 
hid expressed a desire to have the or- 
^anee administered in the chapel. 
At six o'clock the service commenced 
With singing and prayer; after which 
brother Tinson preached an impres- 
nve discourse oh the nature and im- 
portance of the ordinance. After ser- 
mon, I had the pleasure of baptizing 
127 persons ; the candidates conducted 
tiiemselves with becoming seriousness, 
so that the whole service was solemn 
tnd orderly. We have been very par- 
tinalar in admitting members into our 
church ; if they have deceived us, we 
hare not deceived them. We have of- 
fcred no inducements except such as 



tho scriptures warrant. Ws have told 
them of the aggravated guilt of pro- 
fessing with their lips, what is not felt- 
by th^^ir hearts; that professing them- 
selves the servants of Ood, while they 
were serving Satan in their hearts, 
would only aggravate and increase 
their future punishment — and that hy- 
pocrites were of all characters the 
most detestable in the sight of God. 
May the friends of tiie Redeemer in 
England pray, that theso persons may 
be enabled to adorn the doctrine of tho 
Saviour in all things ! My hands are 
now fully occupied, and I trust 1 feel 
peculiarly thankful to Grod that he has 
hitherto imparted strength equal to 
my day. For these last six weeks 
sickness has been very general in 
Kingston audits vicinity, though it has 
chieiSy rested upon the natives. More 
than half the population have been 
affected with it, though it has not beeir 
generally fatal. Nearly seventy of my 
scholars were laid up in the space of 
ten days, but most of them are now 
recovered. The few articles I sent 
home for, I shall shortly be much in 
want of» My school is now fdll, so 
that I shall soon be compelled to reject 
all applications. The British System 
is one exactly suited to Jamaica, "and 
some of the children have made great 
progress both in reading and writing. 
Some that were ignorant of their 
letters six months ago, can now read 
pretty correctly the easy chapters in 
the New Testament; which proves 
that they are not deficient in capacity. 
There was some report of the magis- 
trates of Spanish Town sending a 
young person to me, to learn the Sys- 
tem, for the purpose of establishing a 
school there ; but I fear it has escaped 
their attention." 



(^tribuHons received by the Treasurer of the Baptist Missionary Society , from 
November 20, to December 20, 1823, not including Individual Subscriptions. 

FOR TKE MISSION. £ s. d. 

Balance of liCgacy, by Mrs. 6. Wallis, late of Kettering, by 

Mr.Satchell • 35 

Berwick and Tweedmouth, Missionary Society, by Mr. 

Anderson*' ;..^... • 12 

Dnnfermline, Missionary Society, by Mr. Alexander 10 o 

Ditto, Association for Support of Native Preachers in 

tke East, by Mr. l>ewar . 10 10 

Bovey Tracey, Collection, by Rev. J. L. Sprague 3 2 

Keppel Street, Auxiliary Society, by Mr. Marshall 35 

Bratton, by Rev. H. Edminson :•— 

•Subscriptions ..••• 14 3 8 

Collection «•«•• 2 16 3 

Weekly Subscriptions 9 18 3 

i;ji6er-**«*«. ...• 16 6 

GortHey - 1 8 6 

Laverton •••••••• #•• 7 6 2 

— — t 36 17 4 



44 



MlSSiaNARY H£HA|«I>, 



Boston, Collected by Mls« F. Wright 

^.oughton, Missionary Association, by Her, S. Brown« 
journey into Lincoln8b}re,&c. by Rev.Messrs. Blundell & Leslie* 



!•< 



£ J. 

6 (I 
6 17 



Boston 4 



Bridllagton 
Collingham* 
Hunmanby • 
Lincoln . • • • 
Newark • • • 



20 
13 
2 
81 
21 



1 

6 
12 
13 
8 








4 




Koad, (Northampton) Penny Society, by Ret. T. Blqndell • • • 

Northampton, Sundry Subscriptions, by Ditto 

Mrs. Edwards, by Messrs. Smith, Houndsditch^ Life Subscription 
Rev. W- Bosworth, S^affofdy by Chapman Barber, Esq. •»•••• 
]iantf and Wilts Society, by Rev. John Saffery :* 

Poole • 4 

Ringxvood 2 15 6 

Roniscy 10 6 1 

Salisbury and vicinity, 
(in addition to £28 2«. 

remitted before) 101 19 9 

Shrewton 1 Id 10^ 

Warminstef 2 1» 9^ 

Wellow 1 7 1 

Whitchurch 19 12 8 

Wimborne 1 17 



92 

a 5 

3 13 

10 10 

10 



Batramsley .. 


9 2 





Blandford ... 


2 2 





Brighton .... 


4 4 





Broughton . . . 


IG 2 





Chelwood... . 


12 


3i 


CrockertoD... 


12 19 


lli 


Bownton «... 


3 7 


6 


East Knoyld . 


4 16 


7 


Hi^rtley Row. 


2 


6 


Horsington . * 


.3 10 





Lockerly.... 


5 18 





Odtham and 






vicinUy ... 


8 5 


6 



Collected by Rev. John Mack : 

Eveshan .... 12 10 6 Worcester 30 

Pershore .... 16 — 



9 0^ 



Legacy of the late Mr. Daniel Sutcliff, JJebdeu Bridge^ by 

Rev. John Fawcett 

Esse^ Auxiliary Society, by Rev. J. Wilkinson : 



218 2 

67 19 
257 17 



Bnmham . • . • 1 8 
Colchester ... 13 16 
EarUColn... 12 5 

Harlow 11 10 

Lanc'ham.... 18 9 





8 

7* 






Loughton 6 17 

Potter Street , 5 9 

Rayleigh 5 1 

Saffron Waldren 21 15 

Thorpe 10 3, 



TRANSLATIONS 



10 

20 








d. 

4 





4 

G 


.0. 



0{ 
. 



97 2 6i 








Harlow, Collection, by Rev. T. Finch 

Paisley, Youth's Society for Reli^ous Purposes, by Mr. 
Symington 

North Staffordshire, Auxiliary Society, by Mr. Kennedy 

FEMALE EDUCATION. 

Anonymous, by Rev. John Dyer 15 

Harlow, Juvenile Society, by Rev. T. Finch 2 10 

< Chatham Union' Female Schop), by Mrs. Pudner 20 ; 

•^ Remittances from Hull and Scarborough, on account of this Journey, amount- 
ing to £146 Ss. have already been Mknowledged* 

'> £182 18«. 6\d, prevumsly remitted, will make the amount for the year, 
already forwarded, o£'401 Os. Gfd. The contributions from several of the churches 
are not yet received. 

TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

'The thanks of the Committee are presented to Mr. P. Millard, Bishopsgate- 
eireet, for a quantity of Magazines, and other Pamphlets. 

Also to Mr. Ward of Bristol, for " Caryl on Job," folio, for the Missionary Col- 
lege, Serampore, and to Mr. B. Allen, Leighton Buzzard, for sundry Magazines. 

Our Friend at Newark will observe that the £1 kindly transmitted by him is 
included in the sum, mentioned above, as received there. 

Remittances &c. frpm the Oxfordshire Auxiliary in our next. 



45 

EXTRACTS 

from Numbers I. and IL 

OP Ta« ^ 

QUARTERLY REGISTER 

or TRH 



ADDRESS. 

It may 1)e presumed that the otjecta and operations of this Insti- 
tution are sutRciently known to the religious public to supersede tlie 
fiecessity of any formal statement or explanation. Still, as few days 
pass but some report of kindred institutions is presented to tlie friends 
of religion, respecting the progress of the Gospel in our own and in 
other countnes, it is requisite and necessary that the claims, of 
every society should be distinctly presented, in order to maintain ita : 
due share of interest amidsl 4he almost innumerable applications for 
public sepport. 

With a view to present the friends and supporters of the Baptist 
Home Missionary Society with a more detailed account of its opera- 
tioDs than has hitherto been furnished, the Committee have thought 
it desirable to publish a periodical paper, entitled, the*' Quarter- 
ly Regi'STEB," the first and second Numbers of which have 
already been circulated. 

It is intended to embrace a brief account W the present state of 
religion in the different counties and adjacent islands of our own 
land ; — of the efforts of krodred Institutions ; — occasional extracts 
from the journals of Missionaries; — reports of Auxiliary Societies ; 
—communications from Ministers, and such other intelligence as 
may be calculated to excite a deeper sympathy for the moral and 
spiritual condition of our fellow-countrymen. 

Such being the objects of the *' Quartierly Register,^' it is earnestly 
hoped that its oiroulatioo will {tbroiigh the Divine blessing) tend to 
pmmot^ the growing prosperity of Juvenile and other AuJtiUary 
Societies, for whose use it is prineipally designed ; — and by diffusing 
a more ardent 2eal for the spread of the Gospel at UoiiCft 
nay ultimately glorify ** God our Saviour.*' 

The Committee have the pleasure to an nouhci^ that, at a Special 
Meeting, held October 31, tbey unanimously agreed, on account pf 
the enlarged operations of the Soeiety, and with a view to their fur- 
tltcr extension, to invite the Bev. F. A. Cox, A.M. of Hackney, to 
act as joint Secretary v^rith Mr. Edwards, not doubting that this 
appoiDtmentnvill receive the sanction of the next General Meeting. 

VOL. XVI* F 



BAPTIST HOME MISSIONAUY SOCIETY. ' 

Several chnrehes hare, ixov/em, brtm 
J4n ted -'most of Ibem flouriahing. The 
irindpBl «re Trnro, Falmouth, Pen- 
ance. Red'utli, and HeUtoae. Thete 
, , „ ire itifTaned over the Wealcrn end of 

time to timo, of the relittioul condition he County, about two-thirds of which 
of tho difTereot parts nfnnrown land J emain nearly unoccupied, in whieh 
— in conformity with which general ^veral posiliona, and in principal 
design a recent journey in the service owne, miglit be advantageoasly a 



the propriety of mahing a commence- ,ending an extensive dialrict t( 
vent witli our remotest Western ^nj beyond Launcestod on the North, 
CouDty. ind looe on the South. It may, I 
ComnallpreHntBromparatiTely few hink, be fairly staled, that the Baptist 
attractions lo the ordinary traveller, lenominalion in Cornwall is gsnerally 
■who FDight feel but little templalion to iroaperous, with regard to established 
linger amidst the wildness of its more nteresls, and there is a great and be- 
mountunous parts, or the bleak and leBdal activity in village preaching, 
barrenscenery of the mining tilstricts; iviib all tlie labourers in connection 
jet both the Philosopher and the ^ith the Society, the Committee have 
ChrietiaD will find ample scope— Ibe ,ygjy reason to be satisfied; and in- 
one for his researches— the other for jeej to be devoutly thankful for the 
Us pious gralitudp. Witli the [alter, .liety, zeal, perseverance, and euccess 
\*e hare, at present, more immediate ipparent. The solitary pince is, in 
oonceni. various inslBnces, made clad ; and it 
Perhapstherearefew, ifany,of the is only for the Christian public to Bup- 
cbuntiesofEngland more cultivated by [iiy larger funds, and others, especially 
tbe MsiduouB ewniuns of the Metho- those most valuable coadjutors, th^ 
dtsi", who hnve penetrated into very pasiora of churches, will attfempt a 
many of the darkest villages and ham- ,(]]) more extensive cultivation' of the 
lots. In some places they have con- moral wlldernaas. Itaffordedmegreflt 
siderable congregationo, and in every pleasure, in my recent visit, to wjtnesa 
place whither their labours have ex- ite readiness ivith which our brethren 
tended, they manifest the characteris- assembled to confer on the best me- 
tic zeal of ^eir denomination : a zeal, thods of future exertion, and the spirit 
wblch in this remote county especially, of mutual co-operation and ardentcon- 
poBsessesnotoaly an admirableardour, cern for the prosperous operations of 
bill a dilTuaive charity. When, on a ihe Society, which was universally 
fttrmeroccasion, (he writer visited Com-- nianifeeled. Having enjoyed Ihe op- 
wall, he was not only welcomed into porlunity of seeing many of their eta. 
their pulpits, but his cause (that of the tions, asttertaining their vigoroas and 
Baptist Mission) was much patronized self-denyiug efforts, and becoming ac- 
bj their ready co-operation. quainted with the feelings of private 
But it mOBt not be imagined thai individuals as well as public assemblies, 
either eur Methodist or Independeni j have no hesitation in affirming, that 
brethren hare accomplished all, thai much usefulness is likely, under the 
can or ought to be attempted, or thai divine bleesing, to ensue; and that 
their own minds would desire. The} there is everywhere a steady, and in, 
are fully awarcj as well as everj many places a growing attachment to' 
other denomination, that there " re- the Home Missionary cause. Surely 
laaias very mhch land tobe possessed;' this may be received as " a token fo( 
and in a county especially where the good"- a graoiid for hope that our ia- 
evidences of Druidical superstilior de fa tigable brethren, " who . go forth 
are to be found in so many directions, weeping, bearing precious seed, shall 
the-spiril of a genuine Christian wil! doubtless come again with rejoiciofc, 
be stirred within him, to think hon bringing their, sheaves with them.'*i 
little canpaTativcly the efforts of ai: Theletteraof someof the MisaiooaiieB 
the various classes of evangelical la- in this number will present the sul^ect 
bourers In tKe field can accomplish Jq ^ little more detail, and give some 
There is, indeed, reason for grati' jdea of what is or may yet be done. 
tude— still more for' exertion— ani: TheCoriiiBhmattoiB*'Oneandall{" — 
most of ajl fur prayer. in the true spirit of which tljey are, I. 
The eiistehce of Ike TtaptUl deno believe, harmoniouslylabouiiiigin that 
-""■■'■- 'n Cornwall isofreceotdafe remote county. May Iheii union be 



BAPTIST HOME MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



47 



itill more firm — their ceal still more y1- 
gorous — their success still more abun- 
dant! The firea of a {i^iilty supersti- 
tiooy which blazed once on many a 
iBouBtain summit, are, I trust, for ever 
«xtinet; though thie unhappy fact of 
the impious worship of Dr uidism is lo be 
8tiii traced, in permanent engravings, 
OD the eternal fcranite:* — other fires 
are now kindled — the light of '* the 
gbrious gospel of the blessed God" 
DOW sheds its benignant splendour over 
the Mils, along the vallies, and even in 
thesnbterraneoos mines— alight which 
no earthly power can extinguish, and 
which, we hope and pray, will ever 
cheer and irradiate Cornwall !*' 

F. A. C. 



Intelligence from the Stations, 



SCIL.LY ISLES. 

Mr. Trewalla says, in a letter dated 
August 18, ** I live at St, Mary's, 
which is the principal island ; and here 
we have tliree places in which the 
word of God is preached, and two 
Sabbath-schools. The hearers of the 
Gospel are not less than three hundred, 
and the children who regularly attend 
are about eighty-. For one of the 
places of worship £7 per year is paid, 
and for another fourteen shillings ; the 
other is the house of a friend who 
charges nothing. According to present 
appearance great good will be done on 
this island. A neat chapel is nearly 
built, which Mr. Jeffery engaged for 
ten years at £18 per year. 

At Tr^sco the place is not large 
enoQgh to contain the people. I was 
inforaied yesterday, that there were as 
loany outside the door and windows as 
within; and the number within could 
not be less than one hundred and 
twenty. The Sabbath-school here is 
very prosperous ; the number of chil- 
drei is seventy! 

' At Brehar the spirit of hearing was 
never greater than at present, and 
nnch good hais been done on thisisland. 
The rent of the place here is £1 per 
year. The school is conducted prin- 
cipally by a suitable woniaji, to whom 

• I saw, in the centre.of the town of 
Penzance, a block of granite, the su- 
perior half of which was shaped like a 
paman head, with the features deeply 
indented on the stone ; which no com- 
petent persons on the spot doubt was a 
^dical idol. 



Mr. J. allowed ten shilluigs per year: 
the number of children is about forty 
I shoulfl have stated, that of^per year 
is paid for the place at Tresco. 

AtiS*. Martin's the place is generally 
crowded with attentive hearers of the 
word of life. We have two Sabbath- 
schools on this island, conducted by 
two females, to each of whom Mr. J. 
allowed ten shillings per year; The 
numbers of children are twenty and 
thirty -five. 

At St, Agnes there never was such a 
thirst for the glorious gospel. At ten 
minutes notice there is a house filled 
with people to hear the word ; and 
many are truly pious. Mr. J.'s school 
on this island has been given up to the 
clergyman, who has established a day- 
school, where all the children are 
taught. 

At Sampson all the inhabitants at- 
tend the preaching, and Edward Web 
her is truly useful in the school. 

The fields here are indeed white 
unto the harvest. May a great multi- 
tude be gathered unto the Lord for the 
celebration of his praise ! I now pro- 
ceed just to mention my labours in 
these islands ; for being sent here, and 
provided for by your Society, I hope to 
spend and be spent in serving the Lord 
and immortal souls. My plan is, to 
preach twice in this island, and visit 
an off^island every Sabbath-day. Yes- 
terday I preached here at nine o'clock 
A. M. ; at half-past ten, the boat being 
ready, I went to Tresco, where I 
preached, and returned, and was in 
the pulpit again at six P- M. I shall 
be out three days in the off islands 
this week ; so that I hope to visit 
Tresco every week, and the other off 
isles every fortnight ; this, with preach- 
ing every Tuesday, and holding a 
prayer-meeting on Saturday evehings 
at Mary's, which is our practice, 
will completely fill up my time. And 
with the assistance of the native 
preachers, who go in turn to the off 
islands, the people will hear the word 
every week ; and the schools, I trust,, 
will be well conducted.'' 



NEWLYN. 

Extract of a Letter from Mr, Jeffery, 

. The Sabbath evening attendance at 
Newiyn has increased since the com- 
mencement of my humble labours here, 
from eighty or one hundred persons to 
a full house on a Sabbath evening. In- : 
deed we have . lately been obliged to 
take down the partition that divides the , 



4t 



BAPTIST HOME MISSIONARY SOCrETT. 



Meeting-house from the school-room^ 
and to make both buildings one place 
of worship. The chapel and school- 
Toom-will certainly accommodate nearly 
seven hundred people. The inhabit- 
tants ofSewlyn hare, for many years, 
been afflicted with deeper poverty than 
any other people in this county. In 
ievery respect (I cannot fear contra- 
diction) the precious souls here are as 
deserving the attention of an evangeli- 
cal society, as any people in the king- 
dom. There are many villages near, 
at least within ten miles, (and I will 
visit some of them if God permit, and 
the Society are pleased to enable me 
to do so,) as dark as the most benight- 
ed spots in England. That much has 
been done to chase away moral dark- 
ness from the souls of the poor in Corn- 
wall, and that great success has at- 
tended the efforts, I thankfully ac- 
knowledge ; but the tract of land in my 
rough map, contains at least, fifty 
thousand souls, and of this company 
not six, not five thousand are professors 
of religion. Newlyn and Mousehole 
were but partially supplied with the 
gospel by Mr. Smith and his assist- 
ants, (they could not do more,) and 
there are many places yet unvisited 
by Baptist, Independent, or any other 
evangelical ministers. 

1. Newlyn (2000) a great part of 
the population of this town would be 
destitute of the gospel, but for Mie la- 
bours of your itinerant. 2. Mousehole^ 
distant two miles, (1000 inhabitants) 
has many souls perishing for lack of 
knowledge. 3. Buryan, six miles dis- 
tant from Newlyn, has perhaps 2000 
people, many of whom are as much in 
Heed of the gospel as the people of St. 
Agnes were ten years since. 4. Ma- 
dron is about three miles from this 
town, some of its villages are '' as 
dark as any part of the kingdom." 
9r, Brane, distant about five miles. In 
this village and surrounding hamlets, 
hundreds are sitting in the regions and 
shadow of death. The distance of 
these places from Penzance is not 
tiuch greater than fVom Newlyn. 

My labours might be extented to 
Tredavoc^ (here I have heard are 
ninety families — tltere is no preaching 
in the village,) to St, MichaeVs Mount, 
which is seldom vieited (I have been 
informed) more than once in two 
weeks ; here are 300 ' souhi in a de- 
plorable' condition — to LeUmt, and 
many other places, if I had a horse. 

Prayer Meetings regularly at New- 
Tyn, and) hope this winter to establish 
fhem in Strett Nowanym Bfotts^b^ley in 



Buryon, and other places. Sabbatfir 
Fchool at this town has about 20<> 
scholars, and if I had books j &c. I 
coald e^ablish others hi many villages 
now quite neglected. Twelve Bibles 
at present would, I trust, be great 
blessings, as many poor families that 
I have found able to read, are without 
the scriptures. Doubtless, I shall find 
many other houses without the Bible 
in my journeys. Tracts, hnmanuel — 
broad-sheets,* I have distributed 7 or 
800 slips. The only good that can be 
expected from the day-school at pre- 
sent, is the enlargement of the con- 
gregations. My boys are from thfr 
most wretched families in the tovm^ 
of Newlyn and Mousehole. By thi* 
Institution the parents (many of whont 
are widows) have been drawn to the 
house of God. 



ST. JUST. 

NoTwitwsTANDiNG the severity of the 
winter, (writes Mr. Crossmau,) yet 
the Lord has wonderfully supported 
me in my village exertions. My little 
horse has proved very useful, as by 
his assistance I have regularly attend- 
ed my round, which has not been in 
vain in tlie Lord. The blesskigs of di- 
vine grace have been wonderfully 
manifested in the salvation of some of 
our villagers through the preaching of 
the glorious gospel of the blessed God, 
One of my friends in whose house I 
have preached for some time past, and 
whose heart the Lord opened, has been 
called in an unexpected way into an 
eternal world ; but the Lord of Hosts 
was his trust and his only foundation 
in the tr3ring hour, and his earnest 
prayers proved the sincerity of his souK 
On the one Sabbath I preached to him^ 
the blessings of salvation by Jesus- 
Christ, and engaged in the delightful 
exercise of prayer at the throne of 
grace ; on the next Sabbath was called 
to stand by his cofiSn, and address 
nearly a thousand souls on the subject 
of death, and accompany him to the 
house appointed for all living. What 
a sudden change, one Sabbath engag- 
ed in the service of God among a sinful 
and imperfect people exposed to sor' 
row, affliction, and death, the next 
joined to the innumerable hosts of 
glorified spirits, free from every evil,, 
and for ever with the Lord! The 
thought of one sinner saved, more tluut 
compensates for all the toil and ex- 
penses coni^ected with village preacb*: 
ing. At the close of this service a 



I 



BAPTIST HOMB MISSION ABY SOCIETY. 



49 



peor man said to me, " I bless God I 
ever beard you preach, I have attend- 
ed yqur ministry for some time, and 
bftve heen convinced of the propriety 
of seeking salvation in Christ J esus, 
but have like many others, put off the 
time to a future day, but am now de- 
tennined by the grace of God, to be- 
come a follower of the Lamb." The 
Lord is doing great things for us, bless- 
ed be his holy name. I established a 
Sabbath school on Whit-Sunday, in 
our little chapel at the Land's End ; 
we began, with forty-seven children, 
bnt increased last Sabbath to sixty- 
two. This place has been sadly neg- 
lected, that among a population of 
several hundred persons, scarcely one- 
tenth of then know any thing of the 
alphabet. But I hope, by the blessing 
of God, this will be a means of reno- 
vating the wilderness, that the gospel 
may be received with thankfulness 
and joy. I have commenced the 
school under very unpleasant circum- 
stances, having but few books, not a 
Bible nor Testament. If any books 
could be obtained from any quarter, I 
should feel particularly obliged, as I 
expect shortly to have 1(H) adults and 
children in the school. 



COPPERHOUSE. 

T§the Committee of the Baptist Home 
Missionary Society. 

Sept. 16, 1823. 

Gentlemen, 

Your great kindness in coming for- 
ward to assist the Female Infant So- 
ciety, to continue the preaching of the 
gospel at G winear and several villages 
<Hi the sea coast of Cornwall, has 
filled the hearts of the people with 
gratitvdeto that God who is the author 
of every good. And I amrequested to 
present to your Society, their united 
thanks Ibr that benevolence you have 
eoideseended to impart unto them, 
tod their prayer is, that his blessing 
auty vest upon you, iRrho hath said, '*He 
that hath pity on the poor, lendeth unto 
the Lord, and that which iie hath given 
will he pay him again." I have no 
(loabt btttinaiiy <tf the poor in this part, 
will iMveto adore the friend of sinners 
>ot in time only, but through the long 
fouttifrof etornity for the liberality of 
tkise "welh disposed persons who have 
bom pleased to favour them with the 
iiwd of eternal life. A poor man died 
ttStErth last week, (xfwhom it might 
be lalcJt that he lived without hope and 
without God in the world. Indeed I 



might add that till within a few weeks 
of his death he professedly denied the 
existence of a God, but under his late 
severe affliction his foundation gave 
way, and his guilty soul was tilled with 
horror and wild dismay. Persons were 
requested to visit him, but they said, 
like Ananias when directed by the 
Lord to go to Saul of Tarsus, '* Lord 
I have heard by many of this man how 
much evil he hath done to thy saints.'^ 
So this man was left to perish because 
he was a proverb in the village for 
wickedness. I was sent for by the 
father to come and see his dying son, 
with which request I most cheerfully 
complied; and continued to visit him 
several times a week till the day his 
immortal spirit quitted its clay tene- 
ment. I read to him a tract I received 
of your respected Secretary, called the 
Sinner's Help, whichi trust was useful, 
and I must confess tliat I am led to 
number this circumstance with my many 
mercies that the Lord was pleased to 
direct me to preach *^the glorious gospel 
of the blessed God" in the sick cham^ 
ber of this poor dying sinner, who 
eagerly grasped the glad tidings of 
salvation through a crucified Saviour., 
He is now gone the way that is appointed 
for all flesh, but eternal thanks be to 
God he has left a testimony behind that 
Jesus Christ has power to forgive sins 
of the deepest dye. After preaching at 
Gwinear last Lord's-day rooming and 
afternoon, I preached a funeral sermon 
in the evening at St. Erth, for our de- 
ceased friend to a crowded congrega* 
tion — may God the Holy Spirit send 
home the word with power to the hearts 
of the people ! Were it not for itinerant 
efforts in these parts, many of the Lord's 
poor ehildren would be totally deprived 
of the means of grace, and the thought- 
less and profane, entirely destitute of 
the greatest of all human blessings, tlie 
gospel of our salvation. I feel parti- 
cular pleasure in village labours, and 
while life and health continue, I hope 
never to desist from them. I ara per- 
fectly satisfied that nothing has such a 
tendency to bring down the blessing of 
God on his church, and on the country 
at large, as the constant and extensive 
preaching of the gospel of Christ. 
Gentlemen, I have the happiness to 
inform you that the Redeemer's interest 
at Gwinear never had a more pleasing 
aspect than at the present time, for 
which I desire to be very thankiful. 
Indeed all the villages where, by your 
kind assistance I am enabled to con-^ 
tinue my labours, are well attended, 
and I humbly hope much good wiU be 



50 



BAPTIST HOME MISSIONARY SOCIEfV. 



tlM Tuull of your libenlitr uudct Ihe 
Divine blesiing, and Uiat we eball 
have the uDBpeakable happiness of be- 
holding the growin gempiieoflmnianuel 
adiUnce in the Tillagtii amonget oar 
Comitb rainrn and luhomim. The 
Ueuingi of the poor vrho nere in a 
pcriahing coiulitjon, for tack of those 
■treanu of Balvatlaa which gladden the 
heart, will doubtlesii descend on your 
invaluable institntioD. The placea 
where 1 preach regularly, are two in 
the pariih ofOirinear, alio at Purl- 
leven and Qoldiithney, on the south 
coast; and on the north, at Portreath, 
Anganick, and bl. Erth. The number 
of times I preach at each of these 
places per month, are — at Gwinear 
church (own fuur, and frequently six 
times ; here we have a Sunday school 
consisting of eighty cbildren. At 
Herland fuur times, at Pottleven six 
limra, at Ooldsithney twice, at Port- 
reath fuur, at Angarrick four, and at 
St. Erth four times. In addition to 
these labours, I preach occasionally 
on board ships, at Hayle and Port- 
reath, also in several other villages. 
We have at Portreath a Sunday school 
of about forty children. M; fervent 
prayer to Ood is, that heaven's best 
blessings may real on your .Society, 
And remnin, Oentlemen, 
Your humble and obedient Servant, 
Jakes Hf^atk. 



HELSTONE. 
Mr. Lane says — At the period of my 
last communication we preached at a 
village called Crane, fnim thiswehave 
removed to another in the same parish, 
called Treloquithack : here we occupy 
a chapel, which is private properly, at 
the annual rent of £3. By this removal 
we have a more comforlabie place of 
worship, a larger congregation, and 
luive increnied ourlaboursfrom preach- 
ing once a fortnight, to twice every 
week. Oar chapel at Portleven, for 
which I collected in London last year, 
to which most of you (the Commillee) 
contributed, is finished, and has been 
opened for Divine service upwards of 
BIX months ; here there is a most in- 
teresting congregation, and pleasing 
prospects of usefulness present them- 

Yourattention to this neighbouriiood 
has not been in vain. To this many 
places of christian worsliip, erected 
amidst the relics ol druidical super. 
Btilion, witness, and, 1 trust also, the 
conrernon of manj. iamortal sonia 



to Ood. I entreat an interest, nilt 
only In your liberality, but in your 
prayers too, convinced that the Lord 
alone can give success to all omr effort*. 



Th£ following Corretpondatte 
was addrtattd to ike Secrelury. 

Dear Sii, 

Ynur Home Missionary Society bai 
proved a blessing to ns in Bdckimg- 
HAKSHIRE. The liberal donation you 
made us, encouraged us to go on and 
do Bomclhing among ourselves as an 
Association. Several places havebeen 
opened by us, and are nuw supported 
by the funds of our AsKOciation. The 
£lO. your Society sent, was devoted 
chieSy to the village of Afuriley, and 
in that village the Lord has owned his 
word to two or three individuals. One 
in particular, who was a very saucy 
aud wiclied persecnlor, was accosted 
by a neighbour on Ihe day the new 
placa ivas opened, thus, " Coiae, will 
you go to-day to the new place T" He 
replied with an improper epithet and 
much levity, " I think I shall." From 
that day he has continued to attend 
tlie preaching of the GoEpet; and is 
now a steady and useful member ofa 
Baptist church in the neighbourhood. 
Other instances of good might be men- 
lionod, though not quite so conspt- 

Yours moat cordially, 

P. Tyler, 
Secretary lo the Association. 



In applying again to the Baptist 
Home Missionary Sodety for aid, we 
have to acknowledge with gratitude 
their former assistance. It would bavo 
given us pleasure, as yoOr auiiliary, 
to have been able lo have assisted you 
in your extensive operations, and suc- 
cessful exertions in spreading the 
Gospel at home. But the Society 
formed here last year, having for ita 
object the further spread of Ihe Gos- 
pel through the entensive destitute 
county of Lincoln ; the field is too 
wide for our cultivation without as- 
sistance. We have at present but one 
Itinerant, who is stationed at Gains- 
borough, where a large and commodi- 
ous chapel has recently been erected, 
through (he liberality of Mr. Nichols, 
who has advanced Ihe money for the 
gniuniland buildiu^. The chapel was 
opened last week, when Mr. Uudwia ' 
and other ministers preached. It will 



BAPTIST nOMI HISSIONAKT SOCtlTT. 



51 



be TMlcd in trust for the use of th« 
Pirti«ular Baptist dcDainiaatian. 

This station has bitherto alTariltd 
golhing towards the suppoil o( Uie Ili- 
WTant, the expeusea of the formtr 
place of worship teing equal to tba 
amonDt of collections and subscrip- 
ti0tii;.bul a«. several are naitihg for 
biptlim, and the prospect of a church 
being speedily formed, it is hoped 
ihU RtatiOD will soon be abl« to sup- 
port itself, when our altentian will be 
directed to other destitute parts of the 
conntT, We doubt not but our ohjerts 
iDil effurts are in perfect unison with 
UuBCofyouT society, and as we are 
i<t ikrreara to Mr. M. our Itinerant, we 
Irostwe shall be favoured with juar 
aiil. 

Praying that the numeroas and ini' 
poituil eiertions of your Society may 
t>e accompanied witli the Divine bless- 

Vour rellow-labourers, 
Jahn Himatn, Doslon. 
DaeidD ' a, Lincoln. 
Wn. NichaU, Collingham. 
ShIok, LincolnihiTe, 



Ttta tin Coaunittee of the Hereford 

Auxiliary' Society, 
Due Sir, 

We, the Committee of the Hereford- 
shire lllnerant Society, harinK been 
iofonned by Mr. S. that yon intimated 
'0 him, that if we were in pecuniary 
embarrassments through onr exertions 
toeitend the benefiU of our Society, 
you would kindly endeaTour to pro- 
fore us some additional aid ; we here- 
by iBEnre you that such is the fact. 
Oqi efforts the last year have been 
dogbted, haiing employed another la- 
hoorer. We bare now two Itinerants, 
*hu are wholly deyoted to the work 
(ifpreachiog the Gospel, and a third 
*ha regalarlj labours in the ssme 
"orlt on the Sabbath. They preach in 
line stations, and in some of them 
nnre than once aTery week. A good 
place of worship has been erected in a 
Matn\ station, (.the debt on which, 
the geserosity of the religious public 
hu enabled our senior Itinerant (o re- 
i)iice tiam £440 to £90.) Here a cbnrcb 
i> formed, consisting of thirty-six mem- 
IWM, a. flonrtshing Sunday-school es- 
tablltbed, and wa have a pleasing 
progpect of still greater success. 

Bat though we feel truly grateful for 
tte assistance afforded us from various 
qoarlera, we fear we shall not be able 
tOMBtinne to einploy ear second Itine- 
nsl, for want of the necessary funds. 



A considerable balance is now due to 
the Treasurer, and in addition to this, 
he will Tery soon have £40 more to 
pay. We solicit, therefore, most ear- 
nestly yoni kind efforts on our behalf, 
that the worthy ftlinistere who are 
preaching in the dark •illagci of this 
county, may still be supported ; and 
that the wilderness and the solitary 
place may be fclad liir them, and the 
desert rejoice and blossom as the rose. 
We remain, dear Sir, 
Yours very respectfully, 

W. Williaitu, Secretary, 
J. Xcwis, Treasurer. 

BURTO.V STREET CHAPEL 



On Thursday evening, the 23rd of 
Octo^r last, a Public Meeting was ' 
held in Burton-street Chapel,— Ben- 
jamin Shaw, Esq. in the Chair. 

The object of (his Meeting vras to 
establish an "Auxiliary MiHsionary 
Society in aid of ihe Home, Iritk, and 
Foreign Baptist lUisli'mi." 

The Chairman introduced the busi- 
ness by an appropriate address, and 
was followed by the Rev. Messrs. Coi, 
Dyer, Edwards, Ivimcy, and Herbert, 
J, B. Ficheno, Esq. Barrister, T. Pel- 
tall, Esq. and other Gentlemen. 

The claims of Missionary Institu- 
tions, whether at home or abroad, 
were warmly advocated by all tba 
speakers ; and it was agreed that th« 
amount collected by this Auxiliary 
should be equally divided among the 
Three Societies above naraed, aitlett 
otherwise directed by the Contributors. 

The Meeting was well attended ; the 
infonnnlion communicated was highly 
interesting, and we have seldom wit- 
nessed a greater degree of devotional 
feeling blended with missionary zeal, 
than upon this occasion. 

Auxiliary Society for the Wegtern Pari 
fif SoMERtETSHKie, oxd a4j<ue«t 
Placet, eitablisked the nth of Oc- 



taries 
Society. 
Gentlemen, 

Agreeably to the desire yon bsTe 
expressed in the last paragraph of the 
Regulations inserted in No. I. of tha 
Quarterly Register of the Baptist Home 
Missionary Society, we have mnch 
pleuure in forwarding s copy of the 
itesolulions [lassed at a public meet- 



oe 



BAFT1S7 HOME MIS^IQNAHY SOCTISTY. 



ing, lield at the Tier. Mr. Vimty'* 
jneethig-liirast at Bridgewatsr, in the 
C'ouiitT- of Somerset, for the formation 
of an AuxU'uarv BaptiU Home MUsion- 
4iry Societify for part. of the Weatem 
District, comprising part of the Coun- 
ties of Vecon, Dorset, and Somerset. 

At this meeting, W. Cadbury, Esq. 
of RunUiiU House, was called to the 
Chair; and the several resolutions 
were moved and seconded by the Hev. 
Messrs. J. Eidvrards, the Secretary of 
the Parent Society, J. Corp, the In- 
dependent Minister of Bridgewater, 
J. Viney of Bridjcewater, J. Baynes of 
Wellington, O. Clarke of Taunton, W. 
Oabriel of Stokegomer, W. Humphry 
of Isle Abbots, and T. Sturgess of 
Watchett, togetlier with Messrs. J. 
Fisher and J Phillips of Bridgevvater, 
and E.Whitby of Yeovil. 

The meeting, which was very nume- 
rously attended, appeared to feel 
deeply the importance of Home Mis- 
sionary exertions, which connected 
with the decided spirit of harmony and 
piety which characterized the several 
addresses, leads us to indulge a san> 
guine hope, that the Auxiliary now 
formed, may be instrumental, under 
the Divine blessing, of promoting in a 
pleasing measure, the very interesting 
designs of the Parent Institution, iu 
the destitute towns and villages of this 
extensive and populous district. — W. 
Cadbury, Ei^q. oiliumhill, has consented 
to become the Treasurer, the Kev. J. 
Baynes of Wellington, and O. Clarke 
of Taunton, were appointed Secreta- 
ries, and the Rev. Messrs. Crook of 
Crewkerne, Gabriel of Stokegomer, 
Humphrey of Collurapton, Kilpin of 
£xeter. Sharp of Bradninch, Singleton 
of Tiverton, Toms of Chard, Viney of 
hridgewater, and Wayland of Lyme 
Regis, with eighteen Gentlemen con- 



nected with their respective c»nfrt> 
gations, were appointed as the CoVkr 
mittec for the ensuing year. 

J. Baynes, ) Cecretari«s 
O. Clarke, J ^«<^^"••• 

Nov, 19, 1823. 

We are gratified 'with the information 
derived from the November number of 
the Home Missionary Magazine, that 
our sister institution has been favoured 
with a recent and seasonable supply of 
£1000. This proves the growing interest 
taken in Home Missionary exertions, 
and induces us to anticipate encreas- 
ing support for ourselves. 

It is with much regret that the Com- 
mittee of this Society state to their 
friends and correspondents, that they' 
have been under the painful necessity 
of declining aid to several applica- 
tions, (where prospects were very en- 
couraging) and delaying promised as- 
sistance to others, entirely for tcant of 
funds. 

The Treasurer is already considera- 
bly iu advance, besides being under 
engagements for nearly Two Hundred 
Pounds, which will become due in a 
very few weeks. 

It is earnestly hoped that when these 
facts are known, the religious public 
will hasten to the help of this Society, 
as they have recently done to others 
in similar circumstances; that pious 
and laborious Missionaries may not be 
discouraged through want of support, 
or be recalled from the " fields which 
are white, and ready to the harvest." 

N. B. The monies which have been 
received by the Treasurer since the 
last Annual Meeting, having been 
printed in detail in the Quarterly 
Register, are not inserted in this 
place, in order to leave more room 
for correspondence. 



* « 



^ Subscriptions and Donations for this Society will be thankfully received by 
William Day, Esq. Treasurer, 99, Newgate Street; the Rev. John Edwards, 21, 
Thornhaugh Street, London, and the Rev. F. A. Cox, A. M. Hackney, Secre- 
taries ; of whom may be had, by all persons desirous of collecting for the Society ^ 
Annual Reports, Quarterly Registers, and other Papers to assist in the formation 
of Auxiliary Societies, All Communications respecting the Spread of the Gospel 
at Home, that are ilwught adapted for this Work, may be addressed to the Secre- 
taries as above, and will receive as early attention as possible. Those friends in the 
country who wish to be supplied with the above Papers, are requested to say tohat 
number will be wanted, and by what conveyance they should be/orwarded. 



•Lxjndoti : Prtotod liy J. BarpielDi 91, Warfi(>itr-sucet« Soho. 



THE 



l&»pti^t 0iJiQii}int, 



FEBRUARY, 1824. 



TAeRev. Robert Hall's Description of the Rey. Messrs. Toller 
and Futii^BB, late of Kettering: from a Memoir prefixed to 
** Sermons on various Subjects, hy the late Rev. Mr. Toller.*' 



" The settlemeiit of Mr. Fuller, 
the venerable secretary of the 
Baptist Mission, in the same 
place, by giving scope to a vir- 
tuous emulation, was probably 
equally beneficial to both parties. 
From the absence of competi- 
tion, and the abundance of leisure, 
attending a country retirement, 
the mental faculties are in danger 
of slumbering : the rust of sloth 
too often blunts their edge, and 
impairs their brightness, which 
nothing could be oiore fitted to 
counteract^ than the presence of 
such a man as Mr. Fuller, dis- 
tiogaished for constitutional ar- 
dour iand industry. 

*' It has rarely been the privi- 
lege of one town, and that not of 
considerable extent, to possess, 
at the same time, a:nd for so long 
a period, two such eminent men 
as Mr. Toller and Mr Fuller. 
Their merits as christian ministers 
vere so equal, and yet so dif- 
ferent, that the exercise of their 
religious ' fuiictiotis in the same 
place, was as little adapted to 
produce jealousy, as if they had 
moved in distant spheres. The 
predominahl'featur^ in the intel- 
lectual cbalacter of Mr. Fuller, 
^vas the power of discrimination, 
by which he detected the ihi- 
iiutest shades of difference amonjr 
objects which most minds would 
confound : Mr. Toller excelled 

VOL. XVI. 



in exhibiting the common sense 
of mankind in a new and impres- 
sive form. Mr. Fuller never ap- 
peared to so much advantage as 
when occupied in detecting so- 
phistry, repelling objections, and 
ascertaining with a microscopic 
accuracy, the exact boundaries 
of truth and error: Mr. Toller 
attached his attention chiefly to 
those parts of Christianity which 
come most into contact with the 
imagination and the feelings, 
over which he exerted a sovereign 
ascendancy. Mr. Fuller con- 
vinced by his arguments, Mr. 
Toller subdued by his pathos; 
the former made his hearers feel 
the grasp of his intellect, the 
latter the contagion of his sensi- 
bility. Mr. Fuller's discourses 
identified themselves, after they 
were heard, with trains of 
thought; Mr. Toller's with trains 
of emotion. The illustrations 
employed by Mr. Fuller (for he 
also excelled in illustration) were 
generally made to subserve the 
clearer comprehension of his sub- 
ject; those of Mr. Toller con- 
sisted chiefly of appeals to the 
imagination, and the heart. Mr. 
Fuller's ministry was peculiarly' 
adapted to detect hypocrites, to 
expose fallacious pretensions to^ 
religion, and to separate the pre- 
cious from the vile; he sat as 
* the refiner's fire, and the fuller's 



54 



THE CHURCH AT BPHESUS. 



soap :'^ Mr. Toller was most in 
his element when exhibiting the 
consolations of Christy dispelltng 
the fears df deaths and pain ting 
the prospects of eternity. Both 
were original ; but the originality 
of Mr. Fuller appeared chiefly 
in his doctrinal statements, that 
of Mr. Toller in his practical re- 
marks. The former was unques- 
tionably most conversant with 
speculative truth, the latter per- 
haps possessed t^ie deeper insight 
into the human heart. 
, **Nor were the characters of 
these eminent men, within tlie 
limits of that moral excellence 
which was the attribute of both, 
less diversified than their mental 
endowments. Mr. Fuller was 
chiefly distinguished by the qua- 
. titles which command veneration: 
Mr. Toller by those which excite 
love. Laborious, zealous, intre- 
pid, Mr. Fuller pressed through 
2^ thousand obstacles in the pur- 
suit of objects of public interest 
4nd utility : Mr. Toller loved! to 
repose, delighting and delighted, 
in the shade of domestic privacy. 
The one lived for the world ; the 
other for the promotion of the 
good of his congregation^ his 
iaroilv and friends. An intense 
zeal for the advancement of the 
kingdom of Christ, sustained by 
industry that never tired, a reso- 
lution not to be sfaak<en, and in- 
tegrity incapable«f being warped, 
conjoined to a certain austerity 
pf manner, were the leading cha- 
racteristics of Mr. Fuller : gentle- 
ness, humility, and modesty, 
thos^ of Mt. Toller. The secre- 
tary of the Baptist Missson at- 
tached, in my opinion, too much 
importance to a speculative ac- 
curacy of sentiment : while the 
subject of this memoir leaned 
to the contrary extreme. Mr. 
Fuller was too prone to infer the 
character of men from their 



creed; Mr. Toller to lose sight 
of their creed in their character. 
Between persons so dissiaiilar, it 
was next to impossible a very 
dose and confidential intimacy 
should subsist : a sincere admira« 
!!on of each others talents, and 
eSiteem iot the virtues which 
equally adorned them both, se- 
cured without interruption, for 
more thai;! thirty years^ those ha- 
bits of kind and respectful inter- 
course, which had the happiest 
effect in promoting the harmony 
of their connexions, and the credit 
df religion. 

" Much as Mr. JFuller was la- 
mented by the religious public 
in general, and especially ita his 
own denomination, 1 have reason 
to believe there was not a single 
individual, out of the circle of 
his immediate relatives, who was 
more deeply affected by his death 
than Mr. Toller. From that mo- 
ment he felt himself nearer to 
eternity; he accepted the event 
as a most impressive warning of 
his own dissolution ; and whHe a 
thousand solemn and affectii^g 
recollections accompanied the 
retrospect of a connexion which 
had so long and so happily sub- 
sisted, one of his favourite occu- 
pations was to revive a mental in* 
tercourse, by the frequent perusal 
of the sermons of his deceased 
friend. It is thus that the friend- 
ship of bi^h and sanctified spirits 
loses nothing bv death but its 
alloy : failings disappear, and the 
virtues of those whose ' faces we 
shall behold no more,* appear 
greater and more sacred when 
beheld through the shades of the 
sepulchre. Tiieir spirits are bow 
united before*he throne." 

THE CHURCH AT EPHESUS. 
No. L Rev. ii. 1 — 7. 

The city in which this, church 
was situated, was the metropolis 



THe CUUBCH AT EPHESUt* 



5S 



of die Proconsular Asia^ a part 



of what was called the i>«««r disciples after them,'' doe« n/ot 



AȴL. It was partictibrly famous 
for tha 4€$npk of Diane, a most 
n»|nificent and stately structure, 
itputed ta be one of tlie seven 
wonders of the world. Its in« 
habitants were noted before the 
intfpdoction of the gospel among 
them, for tbeir idolatry and skill 
in nagic, and for their luxury 
and laseiviousness. The church 
was first formed in the year of 
our Lord, 54, of «bout twelve 
men, (probably converted Jews,) 
who had been previously bap- 
tieed by John the Baptist on a 
cradtbia profession of their re- 
peatanac towards God, and their 
hkk in th« promised Messiah.^ 
The iaboars of the apostle Paul, 
by wbMH these persons received 
perfect instruction respecting the 
gospel dispensation, were so < 
greatly blessed, that the church 
sson became large and flourish- 
iig. Here he continned to la- 
boor ibr three years, ** ceasing 
not to warn ^very one night and 
day with tears." The «pistle 
whidi the apostle sent them 
while be was a prisoner at Rome, 
(probably about the close of his 
jirii ifliprisonmentin the year 63, 
the ninth year of the emperor 
Nero) as it contains no reproofs, 
wottid lead to the conclusion, 
that during the six years after 
be had taken his final leave of 
them, so that they were " to see 
bis face no more," that church 
had retained all its primitive 
purity and simplicity : the ''griev- 
ous wolves" of whom he fore- 
warned them, had not yet been 



perverse things, to draw away 



appear.f It has been suppascd, 
that the first epistle of Paul to 
Timothy, (who, it is said, was **or- 
dained the first bishop of the 
church at £phesus,") was de* 
signed to counteract the errone- 
ous principles of Ph^gellus and 
Hermoffenes; who had succeeded 
in turning away ** all them which 
were in Asia" from the apostle's 
doctrine ; and of Hymentus and 
PhileiuSf who had ** overthrown 
the faith of some" bv their fatal 
errors respecting the fundamental 
doctrine of the resurrection. It 
was either these, or men of a 
similar character whom he thus 
describes : *^ Having a form of 
godliness, but denying the power 
thereof. — For of this sort are they 
who creep into houses, and lead 
captive silly women laden with 
sins, led away with divers lusts, 
ever learning, and never able to 
cone to the knowledge of the 
truth. Now as Jannes and Jam- 
bres withstood Moses," (by imi- 
tating his miracles) "66 do these 
also resist the truth, (by appear- 
ing as the ministers of righteous- 
ness) men of corrupt minds, re- 
probate concerning the faith. 
But they shall proceed no far- 
ther :" (than the Egyptian magi- 
cians were suffered to go) '' for 
their folly shall be made manifest 
to all men as theirs also was.'^J 
It is not wonderful, therefore, 
that we find intimations in an 
epistle written upwards of thirty 
years after this period, that while 
the church, generally speaking, 
was in a good condition, and was 



suffered to enter in among them, ^ doubtless considered by them- 
*^ not sparing the flock." How selves and others, as in circum- 
long it was after this, before those stances of great prosperity, HE 
corrupt men arose, even from the who had represented himself to 
bosom of the church, *' speaking John, as '* holding the seven 



♦ Acts »ix. l~a. 



/ 



-"-T" 



t Acts, XX. 29. 80. 
t 1 Tim. i. 15. it. 17—26. iU. 6, 10, 

o 2 



56 



THE CHURCH AT EPHESUS. 



stars ill his right hand/' and as 
" walking in the midst of the seven 
golden candlesticks" should dis- 
cover things among them highly 
displeasing, deserving his faithful 
censures: though,he had discover- 
ed many things in their spirit and 
conduct which he highly approv- 
edy and which he mercifully and 
graciously commended. 

1. The church had been, as it 
were, called out into the field of 
warfare to endure the fiery trial 
of persecutions and reproaches 
for the sake of Christ ; and had 
* endured those heavy afflictions 
with holy fortitude and invincible 
patience : not fainting in the evil 
day: nor like Ephraim, though 
armed with the panoply of hea- 
ven, turning their back in the 
day of battle; but *^ strong in 
the Lord, and in the power of 
his might, they had been able to 
stand against the wiles of the 
devil; and to wrestle not only 
against flesh and blood, but 
against principalities, against 
powers, against the rulers of the 
darkness of this world, again-st 
spiritual wickedness in high 
places :" i.e. the religious wicked- 
ness attending the idolatrous 
practices, which were unblush- 
ingly committed in the temple of 
Diana, '* the great goddess, the 
idol which fell down from Jupi- 
ter," and " of which the city of 
the Ephesians was the worship- 
per," or " the temple keeper." 
For a church, in such a city, to 
have retained the simplicity of 
Christ in regard to the doctrines 
and ordinances of the gospel, 
and to have kept their garments 
unspotted from the world, was 
a proof of the divine energy by 
which they were supported, and 
of the holiness of the faith which 
they professed ; and by which 
their hearts were purified. That 
must, indeed, have been an ho- 



nourable church, where its pas- 
tor, ** the angel" of the church, 
had the gratification to hear 
the Saviour say, of those un- 
der his care, *' / know thy 
works, and thy labour ^ and thy 
patience," 

2. The church had discovered 
zeal for the honour of the gospel, 
for the purity of doctrine and dis- 
cipline, and, out of regard to the 
authority of Him who was King 
in Zion, had felt such a detesta- 
tion of unholy principles and con- 
duct, that they "could not bear 
them which were evil." Like 
Levi, who was found at Massah, 
by those who strove to corrupt 
him at the waters of Meribah,t 
so the church at Ephesus, when 
corrupt persons were discovered, 
'' said unto his father and unto 
his mother, I have not seen him, 
neither did he acknowledge his 
brethren, nor know his own chil- 
dren:" — they ** observed the , 
word and kept the covenant'' of 
the Saviour, — putting away the 
wicked person: and thus clearing 
themselves of even the suspicion 
of having participated in other 
men's sins ; by retaining in their 
communion, those who were 
enemies to the cross of Christ. 
They had faithfully enforced the 
ecclesiastical censures which the 
laws of Christ required in such 
cases; not by the secular terrors 
of the magistrate, which has been 
the practice in Popish countries 
universally ; and generally in 
those where Protestant establish- 
ments have existed ; destroying, 
instead of promoting christian 
discipline; but by faithfully 
warning, and, when found incor- 
rigible, by ** withdrawing from 
them as brethren walking dis- 
orderly:" thus regarding the in- . 
spired advice to their first pastor, 

t Deut. xxxiii. 9. - 



THE CIlUUCH AT EPHESU8. 57 

Timothy — ** From sucli turn cliristiaii public, the plagues of 

away."* christian society, and the scorn 

3. The church had detected ! of the world. ** Ye shall know 

some of those, who, like Satan, . them by their fruits. Do men 

were *' transformed as an angel gather grapes of thorns, and figs 

of light," and had assumed the of thistles 1" 
character of inspired messengers, 4. The church had laboured 

aod had probably pretended, in to extend the knowledge of the 

confirmation of their mission, to Saviour's name, and had sustain- 

work miracles, and to disx>lay, ed, with exemplary fortitude, all 

and to communicate miraculous the troubles to which they had 

giftsto their disciples. They had been exposed, in attempting to 

tried these spirits by the standard promote his glory in the world. 

of divine truth, and had found They had exercised the most as- 

them to be reprobate silver; they tonishing patience under all their 

bad touched them as with Itliu- sufferings and trials, which they 

riel's spear; had been called to endure; and, 

,„ ^, t , , without fainting under their toils 

^ For no falsehood can endure . .• i .• u^a ., i 

Touch of celestial temper, but returns ^^ tnbulations had courageously 

Offorce to its own likeness.' persevered, labouring constantly 

, , , ^, - , ,, and tenaciously, for the honour 

And these "false apostles were of Christ in the world. To have 

found to be hars Discovered ^^^^j^^^ ,^6 commendations of 

and surprised, they appeared in „,^ S2.y\oiyv, on acconnt of having 

their own "grisly form: whilst abounded in these fruits of thi 

the astonished christians, " half ^.^ „ j,,^ ^^^^ ^f ^^i,,, j^^ 

aaia«:d,' but yet "unmoved with p^Uence of hope, and the labour 

fear." accost hem in the Ian- ^f ^ „ -^^ „, ^ ^i ^ 

guageofdivinetruth:"foryo,.be eonception of the excellence of 

sure shall give account to Him, j^^;^ ^character as individuals ; 

whose we are, and whom we ^^^ ^^ ,^^ ^j ,, ^ of church 

serve: — thus rejecting heir prosperity to which they had at- 

messages with disdain, and their \^:^J^ ^q, j^^^ (J.^^^ 4o corn- 
arrogance with contempt. Ho- „„^ churches, may discover 

nounible church whom the omnis- ^^^^ ^^^j^^j^ j„' ^he midst of 

«T-fr'?y- ^".l''*"°T- u*'~ dangerous temptations; such 
'And hast tried them which say .^^^^ j„ j,,^ ^^^^^^ ^f ^gjj^. 

thev are apostles and are not : {|^„ ,„^,, ^^ f^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^f 

and hast found them liars.' ,he gospel; and such persever- 

Bnght example his which all ^^J .^ ^; ^^^ ^^^^ 3„j 

ciistians ouglit to observe, and ^^^ ^ ,-];,^if ^^spectice pas- 

resolutely imitate; reiecting all . ' „ n „„ •T, ^. ''_ 

., { -41.1- ^ r tors mav say of all theit mem- 

those who, in the character of , ^_ « V^. „,u„* ;. .v.,^ i.^^- 

^- • * It ^ r *u *. 4U bers: "ror what is our nope/ 

ministers. ** profess that thev . r • • • ^ 

1 >> -1 K * • I \i/^ or loy, or crown of reioicingl 

know God ; but, in works they ^^^\l[ ^^^„ j„ ^^^ ' J^^ 

deny him being abominable and j^,,^ ^ord Jesus Christ at his 

disobedient, and unto every good • /> i? « „«^^.,« «!«.,„ .,«^ 

. , u * » o u fu comingT For yeareoureloryand 

work reprobate. Such are those . ,, "^ ^ 

men among our churches who ^\ Notwithstandingall that was 

re Antinomian in principle and ,„ exemplary, and lovely, and of 

practice: depredators on t he g„„^ ^^^J' ^^^ ^^rciful and 

♦2Tim. iii. 5. compassionate High Priest, 



58 



THE CHURCH AT BFHESUS. 



touclied with the feeling of their 
iniiriBiti^Sy bad '* somewhat to 
alledgeslgilinst the church/' They 
had ** Idst" the warmth atid fer- 
voiir of their " first love :" the 
ardency of affection to him and 
to his cause, which they bad ex- 
pressed ** in the day of their es- 
pousals ;" the day ,of the glad« 
ness of their hearts/' when they 
first tasted that the Lord was 
gracious^ and felt all the joys 
which floiired froiti a sense of his 
pardoning ffiefcy, and of the ex- 
ceedidgriches of hisgrace; when, 
froiil their Iotc to him^ CTen 
those '' who had used cuHous 
aifts^ brought their books to- 
gether, and burned them before 
all men ;" notwithstanding " the 
price of them was found to be 
fifty thousand pieces of silver/' 
When, under the powetful in- 
fluence of the word of God, which 
mightily grew and prevailed, 
they came to the apostle, '' con- 
iessitig and shewing their deeds :" 
and, from the reverence felt for 
the divine authority^ and the gra- 
titude discovered for the Saviour's 
atoning and redeeming love, " fear 
fell on them all, atad the name of 
the Lord Jesui was magnified/' 
But now they had declined in the 
ardour of their devotions, and in 
the vigour of their affections; 
they did not npw attend his wor- 
ship with the same anxious soli- 
eitttde to know the will of their 
Lord, nor ruh in the ways of his 
commandments with enlargedness 
of heart. They probably either 
wholly neglectedi or attended 
"^ith indifference to, private or 
family prayer:— they had now 
imbibed the love of the world, 
:lnd had lost the influence 
of the love of God ; — or they 
were attending their shops, and 
iheir warehouses at the time 
ili^hen they might have attended 
meetiilgs for social prayer; or 



they thought it necessary to lay 
up for themselves treasured upon 
earth ; instead of laying ^ui their 
money id the cause of God, and 
thus to lay up for themselves 
" treasures in hearen ;" '* pro* 
▼iding a good foundation against 
the time to come, that they might 
lay hold of eternal life/' Their 
affections were set on things be^^ 
low, absorbed in worldly cares 
and anxieties, or attracted by 
golden dust ; when they ought to 
have been set on things abovey 
elerated by the consideration of 
Christ being seated on the right* 
hand of God ; and this, notwith-* 
standing they professed to have 
been raised with Christ to a spi- 
ritual life, artd that they were 
expecting, when HE, who was 
their life should appear, in whom 
their life was secured, thstt then 
they would appear With him in 

glory. 

Distressing, indeed; is the 

thought, after all they had expe- 
rienced of the Saviour*^ tender- 
ness and compassion, his abun- 
dant mercy, and his readiuess to 
forgive ; and after all the com- 
munications of grace which they 
had received, and all the protec- 
tion which he had afforded them ; 
that now, When their " salvation 
was nearet than when they fir^t 
believed," they should appear 
clothed with the unfruitful works 
of darkness, rather than with the 
armour of light : that they should 
not be walking circumspectly, 
redeeming the time, knowing the 
days were evil. Oh the awful de- 
pravity of the human heart, which 
even the exhibition of the Savi« 
our^s love cannot subdue ; which 

Erevents us from being animated 
y the smiles of his approbation, 
and from being deterred by his 
awful denunciations ! Surely, if 
it Were not for indulging, instead 
of mortifying, the sin which 



THE CHURCH AT EPHE8US. 



59 



dwelletli in ns, the love of Christ 
would so powerfullT constmio ps; 
would so mightily bear us away ; 
that, in proportioa as we ad- 
vanced towards the celestial 
city, «ife should feel all the at- 
tfactions of Paradise, and ani- 
m^ted by the hope of being for 
ever with the Lord, should, un- 
der the impelling influence of 
the Saviour's love, ** purify our- 
selves, even as he is pure.** 

The manner in which the com- 
passionate Redeemer reproved 
them for this partially alienated 
state of mind, and the consequent 
evils which had flowed from it, 
proves that He considers a de- 
cline in love to him an evil of no 
ordinary magnitude, and a fault 
of the highest description iq the 
catalogue of mental crime. Were 
not this the case, such language 
as the following would not have 
proceeded out of the mouth ofHim 
who knows how to sympathize 
with the weaknesses, while he 
will not excuse or palliate the in- 
gratitude of his people. " Remem- 
ber, therefore, from whence thou 
art (alien, and repent, and do thy 
first works, or else I will come 
unto thee quickly, and remove 
the candlestick out of its place, 
except thou repent.'* Repentance 
is the only way by whicn the Sa- 
viour's displeasure can be re- 
moved : the only means by 
which his threatened judgments 
can be averted. The calamity 
threatened^ is one of the most 
awful which a servant of God 
could experience in the present 
world. For the preaching of the 
gospel to be removed from a city, 
and the church of God, " the 
golden candlestick/' to have its 
light darkened, on account of our 
want of love and zeal for the Sa- 
viour's honour, is a dreadful con- 
sideration: that those who should 
be « the lights of the world" 



should contribute towards its 
being left in darkness, is indeed 
enough to make the ears of every 
one that heareth it to tingle. 
May the gracious Saviour put his 
hand a second time to his work, 
and by the mighty energy of the 
Spirit upon our heairts, enable us 
" to do our first work*/' 

That the pastor and members 
of the Ephesian church might not 
despond nor despair, as if the 
Saviour intended to cast them off* 
for ever, and would be favourable 
no more, he again addresses them 
in ^* good words and comfortable 
words/' " But this thou hast, 
that thou hatest the deeds of the 
Nicolaitans, which I also hate." 
As much as if he had said. Thy 
heart is with my heart, in detest- 
ing the impure works of these 
lewd professors: and this is {i 
proof which I gladly acknow- 
ledge, that while thy heart has 
been hut cold, thy professions of 
attachment to me have been sin- 
cere : ** the spirit indeed is will- 
ing, but the flesh is weak." 

With what mighty force in this 
connection is the concluding ex- 
hortation: '^ He that hath ayi 
ear let him bear what the 
Spirit saith unto the churches;" — 
and especially to the church at 
Ephesus! Whilst the glory that 
awaits the conqueror of all the 
enemies which lie in the wjay of 
his duty and happiness, and man- 
fully breaks through all opposi- 
tions, is surely sufiicient to encou- 
rage our hearts, and to inflame our 
love. " To him will I give to eat of 
the tree of life, which is in the 
midst of the paradise of God/' the 
fruit of which is " glory, honour, 
immortality, and eternal life." 
" Merciful Saviour, forgive our 
sins, imthat we have left our first 
love /' and quicken us again, tlwt 
we may love thee most intensely, 
serve fhee most faithfully, thai 



60 



NAtTHAN's mission to DAVID. 



after we bave served our gene- 
ration by the will of God, we 
may then receive the promise. 

Iota. 

Londony Jan, 2, 1824. 

Nathan's Mission to David, 
2 Samuel xii. 



Of the various methods of 
writing adopted by the inspired 
penmen, there is, perhaps, no one 
more adapted for usefulness than 
the Parabolic. There is so much 
in this mode of conveying instruc- 
tion or reproof to arrest the atten- 
tion, to please the imagination, to 
exercise the understanding, to in- 
form the judgment, to interest 
the affections, and to mend the 
heart, that we find it adopted by 
the most celebrated teachers of 
antiquity, especially in the eastern 
countries, on the most important 
occasions. Who has not admired 
the interesting parables of our 
Lord, and been struck with the 
propriety of delivering such un- 
welcome truths to the Jews by 
this mode, as could scarcely have 
been delivered in any other ? One 
would almost imagine, that this 
great Teacher wished not all at 
once to expose their confusion to 
each other, and thei^efor^ convey- 
ed cutting reproofs, and prefer- 
red heavy charges, under a veil, 
leaving it to their consciences to 
explain and carry home what he 
delivered, that their souls might 
be filled with confusion; while 
the natural images by which the 
truths were conveyed, tended to 
fix them indelibly on their minds. 

It is not the design of this pa- 
per, however, to enlarge on the 
beauties of the scripture parables 
in general, but to attempt to ex- 
hibit some of the most interesting 
traits of this one in particular, 



and to point out some of the les« 
sons which it seems eminently 
calculated to teach. 

The first thing that strikes us 
when reading the chapter referred 
to is, THE Mission of Nathan 
TO David as considered in 
ITSELF. It has God for its Au- 
thor. " And the Lord seut Na- 
than to David." (ver. 1.) The 
Supreme Being is not an unob- 
servant spectator of the conduct 
of mankind. HE who is spotless 
in purity, cannot, with indiffer- 
ence behold the transgression of 
his law; he must take cogni- 
zance of sin. And especially 
must he notice it in his own peo- 
ple ; for them has he selected 
from the world to be ** a holy na- 
tion, a peculiar people, zealous 
of good works:" them he has 
chosen " to show forth his 
praise :" they are his family, and 
his eye in a peculiar manner is 
fixed upon them. David does 
not tell his most intimate friend 
his design in commanding Uriah 
to be put in the front of the bat- 
4le; but God knew it, and he will 
take means to bring his sin to 
his remembrance. How kind was 
God to send Nathan to David! 
Why did he not say, *' He hath 
sinned, let him alone; let him 
take the consequences of his 
transgression 1" No ; he has 
thoughts of mercy, and not of 
wrath. Behold now the Prophet 
going at the command of God to 
reprove a Monarch, Kings are 
highly elevated in human so- 
ciety; they receive the flattery 
and adoration of thousands of 
their fellow-creatures ; they are 
as gods to their people, few 
of whom dare tell them of their 
faults, but many, as fawning sy- 
cophants, are ever ready to say 
with theTyrians and Sidonians, 
when before Herod, ** It is the 
voice of a god« and not of a 



NATHANS MISSION TO DATID. 



61 



mao/' Raised, however, as they 
are above their fellow-creatures, 
the J are accountable to God. 
Men may varnish over their 
crimes, and almost represent 
them as virtues ; but Jehovah 
sees sio, by whomsoever commit- 
ted, in its true colours ; and in 
the punishment of it he will deal 
with the monarch as with the 
peasant. 

A second thing which occurs 
to the mind in this account is, 
the manner in which thb 
Prophet dischabges the 
duty enjoined upon him. 1, 
It was done affectionately. There 
are some who laugh at the idea 
of the feelings being appealed to 
on subjects of morality and reli- 
gion, but Nathan knew that the 
affections are inlets to the heart, 
and that every passion may fur- 
nish a -motive to be employed in 
the service of religion. Every 
thing that is calculated to attain 
the end which the messenger of 
heaven has in view, should be 
resorted to ; and who can tell the 
advantages of enlisting the affec- 
tions in this sacred cause? — 2. 
This duty was discharged wisely. 
A messenger from God is not at 
liberty to adopt any means he 
thinks proper to attain his end. 
He who sent his Prophet to Da- 
vid, instructed him how to deli- 
ver his message. Much depends 
upon the season, the spirit, and 
the manner in which reproof is 
administered. The righteous must 
not only smite in kindness ; his 
words must be like oil ; they must 
gently insinuate themselves into 
the heart, produce proper feel- 
ings, and lead to suitable resolu- 
tions. Though Nathan was 
clothed with a commission from 
heaven, he did not enter the pa- 
lace abruptly, and begin at once 
on the direct object of his mis- 
«on ; but, " being wise, he 



sought out acceptable words;'' 
he told an interesting tale, which 
in the end was made to bear on 
the subject, (verses 1—4.) "That 
the heart of David/' says an elo- 
quent and excellent author, " was 
insensible to his crime, or har- 
dened against it, appears from the 
circumstance, that during at least 
nine months he seems to have 
felt no compunction, and had ex- 
pressed no penitence. In this 
state of mind openly to have at- 
tacked his conduct, would have 
irritated, but could not have 
melted him. The Prophet has 
therefore recourse to a parable, 
the parts of which display the 
most correct judgment, and the 
most exquisite feeling. The sub- 
stance of it was calculated to 
rouse all bis passions as a man, 
and all his justice as a monarch ; 
and its application, like an^ unex- 
pected stroke of thunder, smote 
his conscience, and destroyed all 
his security in a moment."* — Ob- 
serve, in this parable, how every 
word tells. The oppressor was a 
rich man, and therefore had not 
the temptations arising from po- 
verty to steal ; he was rich, and 
therefore able to contribute to 
those who stood in need. This 
rich man was visited by a travel- 
ler, who solicited a share of his 
kindness. The laws of hospitality 
in that age and country would not 
allow him to give a refusal ; nor 
need he, because he was rich, 
and had plenty. He ought to 
have remembered the blessedness 
of giving to the needy; as in so 
doing we resemble our heavenly 
Benefactor. He took in the tra- 
veller, bid him welcome to his 
table, made professions of kind- 
ness to him, and ordered supper 
to be prepared ; but, behold, the 



* ColIyer*g Lectures on Scripture 
Parables, pageti 105, 106. 



62 



NATHANS MISSION TO BATID. 



Iamb was st&ltn : and from whom? 
It was stolen from a fellow-citizen, 
a man who had a right to expect 
that his richer neighbour wonld 
have protected his property ; — 
this fellow-citizen was a poor 
man, and God had issued awful 
threatenings against those who 
oppress the poor; — he was so 
poor that he had but one lamb ; 
— that one lamb had not been 
stolen, nor had it been given him 
-r-he had bought it with the mo- 
ney he had saved from his scanty 
earnings; — it was too the con- 
stant companion of him and his 
children; — it was, in a word, 
an object that he loved much 
too well : this was the lamb that 
was stolen, — all that tha poor 
man was worth, — stolen to show 
to the stranger a kindness that 
did not exist — and stolen, al- 
though '' the rich man had ex- 
ceeding many flocks and herds." 
How apparent are his covetous- 
ness and oppression! how abo- 
minable his hypocrisy ! how inex- 
cusable his conduct ! How cal- 
culated is this tale of woe to ex- 
cite feelings of abhorrence and 
indignation ! Every thing shows 
the wisdom of the Prophet 3. But 
this is not all — he discharges his 
duty, faithfullf/. The com- 
mission be has received from 
God must be executed ; his duty 
to God, his sovereign, demands 
it. However trying to his per- 
sonal feelings, Nathan must not 
fear even the face of a monarch, 
when h€ is the bearer of a mes- 
sage from heaven. Who can view 
without admiration his entrance 
into the palace? He had^roba- 
lily been long absent from court ; 
he had not been sent for, nor ad- 
vised with, by his sovereign ; but, 
without hesitation, he enters ; all 
around him is splendour ; all that 
he sees is calculated to deter him 
from his purpose; — there sits his 



monarch, whose smile can rai.se 
him to honour, and whose frown 
can deprive him of life. But does 
he fear to deliver his message! 
No, he proceeds with undaunted 
courage to depict to his royal 
hearer the evil of sin, and to bring 
it home to his conscience, in that 
cutting language, '^ Thou art the 
man I" (ver. 7.) " It is scarcely 
possible,'' says the writer already 
quoted, " to read this 'parable 
without tears. What Bathsheba 
was to Uriah, as the wife of his 
bosom, and his only beloved — 
and the cruel injustice of the mo- 
narch, who had even too many 
indulgences — are most touching- 
ly pourtrayed in the ewe lamb of 
the poor man, his only lamb, nou- 
rished and brought up with his 
children, and most dearly prized, 
— and contrasted with the wealth, 
power, and oppression of the 
rich man, whose cruelty is repre- 
sented to have been as wanton as 
his measures were unjustifiable, 
insulting, and violent. The in- 
dignation of the king, which fol- 
lowed a tale that he isupposed to 
be matter of fact, is natural and 
strong: his judgment is severely 
just, and it is confirmed by an 
oath. At this moment, the tre- 
mendous, the abrupt charge, 
' Thou art the man !' changiug 
the monarch into the criminal, 
turning upon himself his anger, 
his justice, and his sentence, at 
once impresses the heart, and de- 
monstrates, more powerfully than 
could a thousand arguments, the 
force and fitness of this mode of 
instruction.*' How mighty the 
force of truth ! how will it sup- 
port the man of God in its deli- 
very ! Nathan shall not fear to 
reprovea David when he sins ; — 
Elijah shall not be afraid to re- 
prove Ahaziah for idolatry; — 
John shall have courage to warn 
a Herod of his crimes ; and a 



Nathan's Miatioii to bayid. 



63 



LDtlier ihflU vniiainitedly protest 
agahist the conduct of an inipioiii 
Pop«. Wben Ood ii od ouriidt, 
y^fhen we »re engaged in bis ser* 
idee, w< netd nol fear the face 
of man. We must in any wise 
i'SprOre our brdther; we most 
deliver the messages of God to 
our fellow^meny be they placed 
to wbaterer stations they may. 

And WHAT ICFFBCT DOES 
THIS PARABLE MOBOCE UPON 

David t '« The words of the 
wise aire as goads/' the striking 
with which produces pain. We 
have heft an exeaiplification of 
the troth of Solomon's declara>- 
tionsy ^ As an ear-ring of gold, 
and nn ornament of fine gold^ so 
is a wise reprover upon an obe- 
dient ean" Such a reprover is of 
ittestiniable value, bis conduct 
being founded upon genuine re^ 
gard to the individual whom he 
reproves ; and the reproof itself 
being valuable, because it does 
good to the person tvho properlv 
receives it ; — tends to his liappi* 
neiS) — attd raises him in the rank 
of moral worth. It is impossible 
that the faithful and energetic, 
the wise and affectionate preacher, 
should labour in vain : his words 
witi resemble arrows which muH 
pierce, or ttails that must fasten. 
'' The word of God is qaitk and 
powefhil r Of Htlng end tnetge^ 
tie i* sharper than any two-edged 
sword, pkrcittg even to the divide 
ing asunder of sool and spirit, 
and ofihe joints atidmnrrow, and 
is a discera^r of the thoughts 
and intents of the heart.'' It 
must wound the heart to which it 
is applied^ and lead it to seek 
a remedy for its moral disease. 
We see these remarks illustrated 
in the case of David. Speaking 
of the effect which this para- 
ble prod needy the author before 
named rem arks, " It opened the 

• Wemj'ss's Biblical Gleanings, 
page 96. 



eyes of the roynl penitent to Ins 
gttih and danger ; and the power* 
ful emotions of bis mind are ex- 
hibited in that most affecting and 
beautiful Psalmf which he wrote 
6n this occasion." Hedrkeu now 
to his language, as recorded in 
the chapter before us, " I hav« 
sinned against the Lord," ver. 
I a. The Prophet has not labour- 
ed in vain. God has carried bis 
own word to the sinner's heart ; 
he has opened his eyes to see the 
evil of his ways. He dow views 
all the deformity of his crimes, 
and the awful magnitude of his 
sin : *' I have sinned against the 
Lord :*' — '' against thee, thee 
only have I sinned :"--^I have 
sinned against him whom I ought 
to have s\ipremely loved^ on ac- 
count of bis excellencies, and his 
benefits, — against him " whose 
law is holyi just, and good/' ** I 
have sinned;" /, who have re- 
ceived so many peculiar mercies 
from his hand;' — /, who have 
been raised from the shee|Kfold 
to the throne, and who have been 
blessed with riches and honours 
above any other mart ;-'-/, who 
have been called by the blessed 
God, made acquainted with his 
will, and inspired with a hope of 
immortality ; even " I have sin- 
ned." O how aggravated and 
abominable my crimes ! Who can 
read the agonies of his mind, as 
depicted in the psalm already re- 
ferred to, without feeling a holy 
hatred to sin, and an earnest de- 
sire to depart from it, and " touch 
not the nnclean thing?" Nor does 
David merely see the efnl of 
sin, but be acquiesces in the pu- 
Hishmerit that God awamled to 
him on account of it. This pu- 
nishment was of the most afilic- 
tive natilre-^nothiiig less than the 
death of a dear4)<id beloved. child. 
Jehovah threatened tlmt it should 



•Vi*«^*W«i**' 



t Psalm U. 



64 



Nathan's mission to david. 



«< 



surely die," (ver. 14). It sickens, 
{ver. 15) : such an illness could 
not but affect bim ; it leads him 
to his God ; he feels afresh the 
guiltof his sin ; he prays for the 
• child's life; but his fastings, his 
tears, and his prayers, avail not, 
— the chiW dies, (ver. 18). 
^* Then David arose from the 
earth, and washed and adointed 
himself, and changed his apparel, 
and came into the house of the 
Lord and worshipped : then he 
came to his own house, and when 
lie required, they set bread before 
him, and he did eat." It was fit 
that he should ^* bear the indig- 
nation of the Lord, because he 
had sinned against him." We 
never feel truly penitent till we 
acknowledge the entire justice of 
the Divine conduct in the punish- 
ment of sin, and say, with the 
Israelites of old, " We have sin- 
ned : do thou unto us whatsoever 
seemethgood unto thee." (Judges 
X. 1-5). This spirit David emi- 
nently possessed, and, in this re- 
spect, furnishes an example wor- 
thy of our imitation. 

And is there no application 
of this parable, that can be made 
to the reader i . . . If Nathan 
were now commissioned to visit 
our world, could he not, after ex- 
hibiting the picture of a man who 
had transgressed against God, 
say to each of us, '* Thou art the 
roan 1*' How have we treated the 
God of our mercies I He made 
us what we are; he endowed us 
with powers capable of reasoning, 
with faculties capable of enjoy- 
ment ; he has given us " all 
things richly to enjoy ;" he has 
blessed us with ten thousand 
proofs of his benevolent regard ; 
he has loved us to such a degree 
as to ** give his only begotten 
Son, that whosoever believeth in 
him should not perish, but have 
everlasting life : and how was he 



treated 1 He was • " despised, 
and rejected," and put to a cruel 
death. He sends his Holy .Spirit 
'* to convince the world of sin, of 
righteousness, and of judgment:" 
and how have we treated him? 
Have we not robbed him of the 
service we ought to have paid 
him, of the hearts we ought to 
have devoted to him, and of the 
glory we ought to have ascribed 
to him 1 Instead of cheerfully and 
cordially submitting to the divine 
government, have we not said, 
** We will not have him to reign 
over us?" How ungrateful our 
conduct! What can exceed the 
baseness of our crimes ? How 
should our hearts beat, and our 
bosoms glow, with gratitude that 
we are yet alive ! How astonishing 
is the fact that God should send 
messages of mercy to us ! Mes- 
sages, it isjrue, like that which 
Nathan took to David, calculated 
to produce pain and sorrow of 
heart: but the wound is only 
probed, that a complete cure may 
be effected. He that inflicts the 
wound, can effect a cure. How 
cheerfully and how thankfully, 
then, should we accept of par- 
don ! — that pardon which caused 
the heart of David to sing for joy ! 
— that pardon which brings 
glory to God, and happiness to 
men: — that pardon which may 
yet be obtained. O reader, apply 
for it, and be happy. No longer 
sin so grievously against God and 
yourselves, as to despise the mes- 
sages of his mercy, and to reject 
his Son ; 

" For if your ears refuse 
The langitage of his grace, 
And hearts grow hard like stubborn 
Jews, 
That unbelieving race ; 

The Lord, in vengeance drest, 
W^ill lift his hand and swear, 
You that despise my promud rest 
Shall have no portion there J* 

J. B* 



A KEY TO THE BOOK OV JOB. 



65 



AKEYtotheBOOKofJOB: 

An Abstract of CatyVs Epistle to the 
Reader, prefixed to his Exposition 
cfihefoiurthyfifthy sixth and seventh 
Chapters* 

The subject of debate between 
Job and his three friends is the 
^and question of providence: the 
events and distribution whereof 
seem so cross-banded in giving 
trouble and sorrow to godly men; 
and joy and prosperity to the 
wicked. 

There are three general princi- 
ples wherein- Job and hb three 
friends are cordially agreed ; and 
a fourth wherein they are united 
in opposing him. 

They were all agreed, 1. That, 
all the afflictions and calamities 
which happen to men are perfect- 
ly known to God. 2. That God 
is the Author and efficient cause, 
the orderer and disposer, of those 
calamities. 3. That considering 
his most holy Majesty and un- 
questionable sovereignty, he nei- 
ther doth nor can do injury to 
any of his creatures, whatsoever 
affliction he is pleased to lay upon 
them, or how long soever he suf- 
fers it to continue upon them. 
Upon these principles, ihey all 
speak glorious things of the power, 
wisdom, justice, holiness, and so- 
vereignty of God ; but the tongue 
of Job, like a silver trumpet, lifts 
up the name of God so high as 
almost to drown the voices of his 
friends. 

The fourth principle which they 
defend, and which he utterly de- 
nies, is. That whosoever is good, 
and doeth good, shall receive a 
present reward, according to the 
measure of good which he hath 
done: and that whosoever is 
wicked,' and doeth wickedly, shall 
he visited with present punish- 
ment according to'the measure of his 
demerit ; and that, if at any time 



a wicked man flourish, in outward 
prosperity, yet his flourishing is 
very momentary, andsuddenly, in 
this life, turns to, or ends in, visi" 
hie judgments. Also, if, at any 
time, a godly man he withered 
with adversity, yet his withering 
is very short, and suddenly, in this 
life, turns to, or ends in, visihle 
hlessings. From this position 
Job's three friends endeavour to 
make a conclusion upon his af- 
flicted case unfavourable to his 
innocency, viz. that whosoever is 
greatly afflicted, and is held long 
under the hurdeti of his affliction, 
that man is to he numhered with 
the wicked, though no other m> 
dence or witness appear or speak 
a woi'd against him, 

Eliphaz attempts to prove 
that all the outward evils which' 
overtake a man in the journey of 
life are the consequences of hi» 
own sin, and the effects of the 
justice of God. See chap. iv. 8. 
This conclusion he applies per- 
sonally to Job, chap. xxii. 5, 6.- 
As much as if he had said, We' 
cannot accuse thee of sin from 
thy conduct, but we know from 
thy afiiictions that thou art guilty 
of the most horrible iniquities. 

BiLDAD grants that afflictions 
may fall upon a rrghteous person, 
yet, if God do not speedily relieve 
him, and restore him to his for- 
mer estate, then such a man may 
be censured and condemned as 
unrighteous. See chap. viii. 
5, 6, 20, 21. His inference was, 
that as Job's afflictions were of 
long continuance, he could not 
be an upright man. ' 

ZoPHAR maintains, that the 
reason of all afflictions is the ab- 
solute will and pleasure of God ; 
and that, as his counsels are un- 
searchable, and his ways past 
finding out, it is in vain to inquire 
about either his wisdom, justice, 
or mercv, in the dispensations of 



66 



mBMGION IN AMERICA. 



g, 12t 14, 15, 10« Upon Ibti 
principle he imUnrntes^ chap. x. 
29. that Jol^'f afflictions were the 
portm pf a wicked van, and the 
heritage that God bad appointed 
hia. 

lOB extricates himself from all 
these diSculties, and answers ail 
their unkind speeches, by adher- 
ing closely to the following senti- 
mcnts. The profidence of God 
dispenses outward prosperity and 
afliclion iAdiflFerentljf to good and 
i*adDien; therefore no in^liible 
jndgMMriit can be formed of any 
maN'6 spiritual stale, by bis tem- 
poral circumstances* See crhap. 
it. 22, 2a. In this strong hoM 
and royal fortress. Job secures 
himself himself from «U the at- 
tacks of his opponents, and con- 
fufes^l their arguments, resolving 
to maintain this position as Long 
as he livedy let his cens^ious 
friends say what they would 
against him, or the roost wise 
and holy God do what he pleased 
with him. That he was a sinner^ 
he readily grants ; that he was a 
hypocrite be flatly denies: that 
the Lord was righteous in ail bb 
dealings with him he cheerfully 
acknowledges; tliat himself was 
unrighteous, because he was thus 
aAicted, he will not admit, flow 
perfect soever he was, he grants 
that he needed the free grace of 
God to justify him ; but lie as- 
serts strongly, that he could jus- 
tify him^f against M the 
ctharges of men. 

The speeches of Job are made 
up of acknowledgments of his siu- 
fttlness, and denials of insincerity ; 
humbling liimself before God, 
and acquitting himself before 
men, implorii^ mercy from tbe 
Lord, and complaining of the un- 
kindness of his brethren. 

It cannot be denied, that in 
consequence of the extremity of 



I his pain, the angnisb of his spirit, 
and the uukindness of his friends^ 
Job uttered sonie unwary speeches; 
for which Elihu reproved him 
gravely and sharply ; of wbieh 
Job repented sorrowfully and 
heartily ; and all wiiich the nost 
graciou« Jehovah passed by and 
pardoned fredy, not imputing 
sia to him. The Lord said to 
Eliphaz, *' My wrath is kindled 
against thee, and against tby two 
friends ; for ye have not spoken 
of me the thing that is right, as 
my servant Job hath ; ye have 
not spoken of me the thing whieh 
is right, like my servant Job.'' 

The inference firom the whole 
is, that correct views of the af- 
flictive providences of God to- 
wards hts people ace essential to 
promote our own comfort, and 
that of OUT afflicted friends ; and 
also to show forth the praise^ and 
enjoy the approbation of God. 

IOTA« 



Religion in America^ with&ut an 
Establishments 



(From Duntan's Travels.) 



The Baptists liad %927 
churches in 1817. (Warden.) 
chiefly in the Southern and West- 
ern states. 

The Methodists 2,000 congre- 
gations. In the same districts. 

The Cooj^regationalists 1,200 
churches. Their strength lies in 
New England. 

ThePresby terians90<l ch urdies. 
AJiBost confined to New York ^d 
Pensylvaiiia. 

The Associate 50 chufches.— « 
The Associate Reformed 100 
ciiurches. — Answering to the 
ScotchAntibiurghers andButgbers. 

The Dutch Lutherans 200 con* 
gregations. Chiefly in New York 
and New Jersev. 



LBTTER OF THE LATB REV. B. FRANCIS. 



67 



The Catholics ar« about 
75,000 in nuuiber, as reckooed 
by Dr. Morse in 1819» and are 
most nninerous in Maryland. 

The Episoopalians from 2^ 
to 300 churches. Chicly in 
the Southern^ but partJy in the 
Middle slates. 

. The Quakers about IM oon- 
gregatjons. 

And there is a small ounber of 
Caneronianf, Meunonists, \Jm- 
veisalisfcSy Moravian s, Tunkers, 

" Potting oM these togetlier, we 
shi^H £ad liiat there are above 
8,000 chiirches or societies for 
public umrahipy. annoag a popula- 
tion often H)iUions^ which is quite 
as laggt a pnopfMrttou as in Sloot- 
laad« wheri^ the number of 
cfaui>cilies and Dissenting chapels 
is about 1,400 or 1 ^500 £or a po- 
pulation of two tniUions. And 
when we arecoUect the disadvau- 
ta^ous sttuatioR of these tea 
miUioBs of Ajuericans^ who are 
dispersed over a sor&ce six times 
a« large as Britain and Ireland, 
we must admit that t/he spoatar 
neous fleal of tbe people is more 
than an adequate substituite ior 
the artificial stimulus of estaMisii- 
neats. The sailaries of ckrgy- 
men ia the larger congiregatioas 
are fnam 2,1000 to 4,000 dollars, 
(£4^ to dEiOOO). They are com- 
moaly suptported by the proceeds 
of pew-rents and voluntary con- 
triimtions, but tbey derive also 
osBsidfsrdble ^moluflMfits from 
msrrioffes^ a suns of from £ve to 
twenty ddlacs being usualy pro- 
seated to tlien on such happy 
oecftsious. Pews are g^ueralty 
private property, and sell snr- 
pnsiagiy high. In country places 
the nkiisters' salary k often very 
Isw, a»d is aametiflses raised by 
Penny-a^iweek Associations/' 



Copjf of anori^inal letter fromike 
late Rev. Benjamin Francis, to 
the Rev. S. IMfvie of Cionmel, 
when a Youth of the Age of 
TweUe Yemra, 

My dear young Nephew, 

I take it kind that you have 
written to »e» and am glad you 
write and spell so well. Be sure, 
to learn the Engrisli Grammar, 
anJ afways endeavour to speak 
and to write grammatkally* Early 
and constant practice will rendei^ 
speaking, writing, and spelling 
correctly^ easy and £>miliar to 
you, which will be very orna- 
mental and commendable. Be 
determined to be a good Bullish 
scholar. Read much; think 
more. You know not as yet of 
what great future advantage 
learning may be to you. But 
learning without virtm will only 
do you harm ; above all things, 
therefore, seek the grace of Ood, 
and the kingdom of heaven. Let 
your prayer be, " Create in me a 
clean heart, O God." Set the 
Lord always before you. Waldi 
over your thoughts, words, and 
actions. Abominate hypocrisy^ 
and every secret sin. Cultivate a 
humble, meek, placid, even, con- 
tented, loving, and benevolent 
disposition of mind^ which is 
both amiable and beneficial. Be 
always very obedient to your pa- 
rents. Hate all evil, love all moiai 
good, and Oh ! rest not without 
Christ in you the hope of gh>ry. 

You are the descendant of 
eminently pious ancestors; you 
are the child of many prayers; 
Oh be much in secret prayer ! I 
shall rejoice to see you a good, a' 
happy, and a useful member both 
of civil and religious society. ^Oh 
my dear S — , be a son of conso- 
lation to your affiec^nate pu 
rents, an honour to your relations, 
and afn ornament to the Christiaa 



68 



oN PRAYfiR, 



reliefioii; God bless you with 
grace dnd glory ! 

My dear Stephen, 
Your affectionate Uncle, 

B. Francis. 

Horsley, March 12, 1796. 



ON PRAYER. 



To the Editor of the Baptist 
Magazine. 

Dear Sir, 

I beg leave, through the me- 
dium of your very useful miscel- 
lany, to inquire of some of your 
well informed correspondents, 
whether it is the duty of a master 
(professing religion) tq enforce the 
duty of prayer on his ungodly 
servants : either those who are so 
(ungodly) manifestly, from habits 
of profanity, or those who culti- 
vate more moral habits. 

This inquiry. Sir, is not made 
in order to feed the unholy fire 
of speculative religion, (if it may 
be called religion,) but as a case 
of conscience. It has long dwelt 
on my mind as a difficulty, from 
which I desire to be extricated. 
How I came to adopt this method 
of obtaining the desired informa- 
tion was, from reading a piece on 
prayer, in your Magazine for May, 
signed Green.* This piece, as 
no doubt you will recollect, 
though iu matter very good, yet 
was indiscriminate in respect to 
whom it was addressed. Perhaps 
Mr. Green will resume the sub- 
ject, for we are commanded to 
seek the law at the priest's lips, 
for he is the messenger of the 
Lord of hosts. Mai. ii. 7. 

When I have made the above 

* Since reprinted in " Eighteen 
Essays on Prayer and Preaching," by 
the Rev. S. Green. Svo. Js ; a very 
excellent work, >viiich we thall soon ^ 
erriew. 



inquiry, some have contended 
that prayer is the duty of all men 
indiscriminately ; and therefore I 
could but conclude that it was 
my duty, as a master, to enjoin it 
upon all I have to do with, though' 
ever so prophane, as the great- 
ness of a man's sins could not ex- 
cuse him from performing his 
duty. But others have boldly; 
asserted, that it is incorrect for a 
master, or even father, to call his 
unconverted household to per- 
sonal prayer, for (it has been 
said,) it is not the duty of all men 
to pray, but the distinguishing 
privilege of believers only. This 
they endeavour to establish ; 1. 
from God's not enjoining any 
thing upon man of which himself 
does not approve, when perform- 
ed ; and, (say they,) God cannot 
approve of the prayers of wicked 
men, which is the scriptural cha- 
racter of all unregenerate persons 
without exception, moral or im- 
moral ; and the reason is, because 
they have not faith, without 
which it is impossible to please 
God ; yea, whatsoever is not of 
faith is sin. Cain, they say, of- 
fered up his sacrifice, but it was 
not accepted, because it was 
without faith in the promised 
seedof the woman; and that Solo- 
mon says, " the sacrifices of the 
wicked are an abomination to the 
Lord:" yea, the ploughing of the 
wicked is sin. And if any at- 
tempt to explain who is meant 
by the wicked, they say, though 
there may be, and doubtless are, 
degrees in wickedness, still if the. 
scriptures be sure the term wick- 
ed belongs to all unregenerate 
persons—yes. Sir, ail this, and 
much more, tbc7 bring from the 
Bible to prove that it is not the 
duty of a converted master or 
parent to enjoin the performance 
of prayer on his ungodly ser- 
vants ; fui to do tbat would be to 



MItCELLANBA. 



69 



exbort them to lin, and make 
(ii€iii hypocrHes. 

Bot others have undertaketi to 
rel^se themselves from the op- 
probrium of imposiog the spi- 
rttaal dvtj of prayer on a natural 
mfld, by contenditig that prayer, 
n a natural duty, may and ought 
to be enjoined on mtn, as crea- 
tures playing to their Creator, 
asking for temporal things, and 
giving thanks for the same; 
which they are to do without failh 
in a Mediator, because they have 
DO fiiith. 



1 have iieedi Sir, to apoiogtae 
for intruding so much on your 
lime, bot would you, or some one 
of your friendly correspondents, 
give me some information on this 
subject, it will be a means, I have 
no doubt, of liberating mauy^ 
who with myself being undeter- 
mined oti the important pointi 
are equally perplexed in thel^ 
practice. 

A conscientious Reader. 



d, Dec. 16, 1823. 



filimUmm. 



OMGIN OF 

ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS. 

hi Miss Lucy Aikin's Memoirs of 
the Conrt of Queen Eliziibeth, vol. 11. 
p. ^Aiy speaking of the Spanish 
Amiada, in 1688, she says, *' The 
intense interest in pablic events ex- 
cited in every cUss by the threaten- 
ed invasion of Spain, gave rise to 
the introduction of one of the most 
important inventions of social life ; 
iktut of newspapers. Previously to 
this period, all articles of intelli- 
|Moe had been ch^ohited in roann- 
icript; and all political remarks, 
which the government had found 
itself interested in addressing to the 
people, had issued from the press in 
the shape of pamphlets; of which 
many had been composed during 
the administration of Burleigh, either 
by himself, or immediately under his 
<nrection. Bat the peculiar con- 
venience at socb a juncture, of unit- 
ing these two objects in a periodical 
poblication, having suggested itself 
to the ministry, there appeared, some 
time in the month of April, 1588, 
the first namber of The EngUshMer^ 
oay; a paper resembling the pre- 
sent London Gazette ; since No. 
^ the earliest specimen of the work 

VOL. XVI. 



now extant, is dated July 23, of tike 
same year. This interesting relic is 
preserved in the British IViuseum.*' 
We have no doubt bat this paper 
was published three times a week^ as 
was the practice with the London 
Gazette down to a comparatively 
recent period. It Is very surprising 
what an interest is now excited and 
kept up by means of the newspa- 
pers. Instead of one paper three 
times a week, we have now every 
day 15 different papers, whose united 
circulation amounts to 36,000 daily, 
besides 8 every other day. In addi- 
tion to these, there are 28 weekly 
papers, &c. (beside Literary) circn- 
lating annually 24,779,786. Of these, 
18 are <9imd!ciy papers, which circulate 
16,264,534, profaning the Lord's- 
day, and dissipating to a consider- 
able extent, the minds of thou- 
sands. The amount of revenue 
from newspapers cannot be less thah 
of4l2,U96. 

We wish we could add that these 
were all employed in spreading mo- 
ral and evangelical truth ; it speaks 
well fur the state of society in 
England, that, with a very few ex- 
ceptions, they do not advocate the 
principles of infidelity, though some 
of them are very severe against pro- 

H 



70 



MISCELLANEA. 



secutions for blasphemy. We ap- 
preheDd, however, that these have 
tended greatly to check that grow- 
ing evil which threatened to sap the 
foundations of social order. Oar 
opinion rests on the well ascertained 
fact, that most of the puhUshers of 
those pamphlets in London, are be- 
coming insolvent. We hope the 
time is fast approaching, when these 
vehicles of information will be em- 
ployed in fulfilling the delightful 
prediction, '^ Many shall run to and 
fro, and knowledge shall be in- 
creased.*' 

GRACE ABOUNDING. 

'* A pious and worthy episcopa- 
lian clergyman, who now fills the 
office of bishop for two dioceses in 
this country, (America) was, in early 
life, a youth of dissipated and im- 
moral character. Having an estate, 
and living in luxury and idleness, 
he gave way to a levity of disposi- 
tion which prompted him to ridicule 
Kacred things. Dining one evening 
with a party of gentlemen, they sat 
Jate drinking wine and smoking 
segars, and, with a view of promot- 
ing merriment, he sent for one of 
his slaves, who was a pious preacher 
among the Methodists, and ordered 
him to preach a sermon for the com- 
pany. The good man hesitated to 
obey ; but after a time of silence on 
his part, he began to address them. 
But, instead of the mirth which 
they anticipated, from the ignorance 
and simplicity of the poor man, the 
zeal and fervour of his discourse 
produced a contrary effect. Instead 
of raising the loud and vacant laugh, 
instead of prompting their impious 
revelry, the solemnity of the truths 
which he delivered, sank deeply into 
the hearts of some of the company, 
and, through the divine blessing, 
carried conviction to the mind of his 
master, who, from that time, became 
of a serious character, took upon 
him the clerical office from an 
apprehension of duty, and continues 
an ornament to his profession.'' 



Alarming Apprehensions of a 
Jewish Rabbi. 

When Rabbi Johannan £tn 



Zachai was sick, his disciples came 
to visit him, and when he saw them, 
he began to weep. They said to 
him, '* Rabbi, the light of Israel, 
the right-hand pillar, the strong 
hammer, wherefore dost thou 
weep?*' He answered them, " If 
they were carrying me before a king 
of fiesh and blood, who is here to- 
day, and to-morrow in the grave; 
who, if he were angry with me, his 
anger would not last for ever ; if he 
put me in bondage, his bondage 
would not be everlasting ; and if he 
condemned me to death, that death 
would not be eternal ; whom I could 
sooth with words, and bribe with 
riches; yet even in these circum- 
stances I should weep. But now 
I am going before the King of kings, 
the only blessed God, who liveth 
and endureth for ever and ever; 
who, if he is angry with me, his 
anger will last for ever; if he puts 
roe in bondage, his bondage will be 
everlasting ; if he condemns me to 
death, that death will be eternal ; 
whom 1 cannot sooth with words, 
or bribe wi^ riches ; when further, 
there are before me two ways, the 
one to hell, the other to paradise, 
and I know not to which they are 
carrying me ; should I not weep?*' 
(Talmud, Berachoth,fol.ii. coll. 82.) 
Who does not long to point such a 
mourning Israelite to that ** Lamb 
of God which taketli away the sin 
of the world?*' 



The Sentence of Death, passed^ 
by Justice Park, on ThurtelL 



Truly, " the way of transgressors 
is hard :" for '' destruction and mi- 
sery are in their paths ;** and, if their 
progress be not mercifully arrested, 
what will they do in the end thereof? 

Let the following passage, ex- 
tracted from the public prints, be 
read considerately, and, though it 
contain but the sentence of an earth- 
ly Judge, yet it will be found to in- 
volve a righteous and an awful il- 
lustration of divine threatenings. 

" Mr. Justice Park having piit on 
the black coif, addressed the pri- 
soners as follows ; 



MISCELLANEA. 



71 



'' Jolm Tburtell and Joseph Hunt, 
after a very fall, a very fair, and, I 
trast, an impartial trial, by a jury of 
jonr country, yon have been found, 
I think with n^reat propriety, guilty 
of the offences with which you have 
been respectively charged; you, 
John Thnrtell, as a principal in tho 
murder, and you, Joseph Hunt, as 
Ilia accessory. It cannot but give 
to every feeling mind deep regret, 
that a person who has this day shown 
himself bom for better things, and 
who, I hope, in earlier life received 
impressions of virtue from his pa- 
rents, should have committed so de- 
testable a crime ; for, notwithstand- 
ing the assertions of innocence 
which you have over and over again 
made, I, who can only judge like all 
other mortals from the evidence be- 
fore me, am as fully satisfied of your 
gnilt, as if I had seen you commit 
the crime with my mortal eyes. I 
beseech yon not to lay that flattering 
unction to your soul, Tbst that all- 
seeing eye, which, as you have this 
day truly said, reads all hearts, 
should discover that you have en- 
tered his presence with a lie in your 
mouth, and perjury in your right 
hand. ifouknow,and he knows, whe- 
ther there is any foundation for the 
assertion which you have so often 
repeated. By the evidence before 
me, it appears that this is one of the 
most foul and wicked murders that 
ever was perpetrated. That yon 
should have formed an intimacy 
with the deceased, in those haunts 
of gaming and vice which are the 
bane of society^— that you should 
have professed friendship for him — 
that yon should have invited him to 
the house of your friend; that he 
should have carried with him clothes 
for bis ornament and for his use: 
and that, in a moment of dkrkness, 
and before he reached that house, he 
should be no more-^cut off by your 
hand» are alt circumstances aggra- 
vating your crime. If he was a man 
of such character as has been repre- 
sented, tBink bow much the cri- 
minality of you and your accomplice 
has been increased, by sending him 
to his final account before he could 
once think of bis God, or call upon 



his name. I seek not to aggravate 
this offence — I wish not to make 
you more wretched — but I hope that 
you will not apply some healing 
falsehood to your soul. Short as 
your time is for preparation, rement- 
berthatitis more than twenty -times*, 
told that which you gave to this un-. 
happy man. Between the last as- 
sizes and the present time, I hope 
you have not, been wanting in pro- 
viding the defence you have this day 
made, as well as in a much more, 
important affair, in making your 
peace with that God with whom 
alone is mercy. The clergyman of 
this gaol is, I understand a most 
respectable man. I recommend you 
to converse earnestly with him, and 
to seek the only means of regaining, 
through the merits of your Saviour, 
the pardon of God whom you have 
offended. I implore you to seek for 
it earnestly, and I pray most sin- 
cerely that the gates of mercy may 
be still open to you. [The Judges 
was here much affected: the pri- 
soner Hunt sobbed loudly, and 
placed his handkerchief before his 
face. Tburteirs countenance indi- 
cated no emotion ; he was serious, 
and profoundly attentive.] To that 
mercy I commit yon. The sentence 
of the law on you, John Tburtell, is, 
that^'ou be taken hence to the place 
from whence you came, and that on 
Friday next, the 9th of January, you 
be taken to a place of execution, 
there to be hanged by the neck un- 
til you arc dead, and that your body 
be afterwards taken down and deli- 
vered over to be dissected and ana- 
tomized. Upon you, Joseph Hunt, 
who have been convicted of mali- 
ciously aiding and abetting this 
murder, the sentence is, that you be 
taken hence to the place from 
whence you came, and thence to a 
place of execution, there to bo 
hanged by the neck till you are 
dead: and may the Lord, of hi» 
great mercy, have pity on your 
souls." 

Thus, as an inspired writer has 
solemnly affirmed, ** When lust hath 
conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and 
sin, when it is finished, bringeth 
forth death." 



mitmx^ anti ^tttm Mmttts. 



KRS. VINES OF RBADtNO. 

in, whose dMtb 



■nd btiKVj, she never tii8er«d to di- 



of her 

oftfas 



Cndogan, OHea's, in 

her nafne town, was ble»l (o the re- 
lief of her anxieties, dad (o guide 
*'«'■ M After 



with God. 
eifefj day 



fCood word 



■ These two etcellen 
dogan and Mr. Davis) 
temparariea 
at KeadinK. and 



vere in the 

the public 
exemplary, 
power was 

havQ 



ler from lbs 
bonw of God j and, even from a 
company sire would depart, 

HerzealwHiespeGiallydiscovered 
dnrtng her reudeoce it a farm, se. 
veral miles from the place of wor. 
■hip, atteudiair. in tbenidstof mairv 



ib^ JDflnence 
-'= "I""" habitual feelir_ 






OBITUARY. 



75 



returned rejoicing, aad saving, 
*" What blessed troths V' " What a 
word in season after the trials and 
cares of the day !" — *' Doth not my 
word do good, saith the Lord, to 
tbem that walk uprightly ?'' 

3. Her attention to the spiritual 
interests of her family was unremit- 
ting. It was her invariable rule to 
begin, at a very early period, the 
religious instruction of her children : 
slie watched over their sonls, and 
travailed in birth again with them 
until Christ should be formed in 
them. By scripturul instruction — 
by affectionate conversation — by 
habitual prayer with them — and by 
religious correspondence when they 
were from home, she earnestly 
sought her children's salvation : and 
not in vain. Out of ten children, 
seven sat down with their mother at 
the Lord's table ; nor are these all, 
in whom it is hoped that piety 

exists. 

Pious parent: you long for pious 
children : be stedfast, therefore, un- 
moveable, always abounding in the 
work of the Lord ; for your labour 
will not be in vain in the Lord. 

4. Her endeavours to be useful 
were laborious and habitual. With 
this view she began at home; be- 
stowing the most earnest and kind 
attention on the religious instruction 
of her servants. She soon ascertain- 
ed whether they could read, and 
whether they knew any thing of di- 
vine truth, or experimental piety, to 
which last it was her object to lead 
them. She next attended to the 
neighbonrhood; and the poor fami- 
lies around the farm witnessed much 
temporal benefit, and solemn admo- 
nition. • She was prompt also in in- 
troducing serious topics into general 
conversation, and more pointedly 
with individuals, (although stran- 
gers,) when occasion offered, always 
with a tendency and design to do 
them good. On her recovery from 
the gates of death in the year 1821, 
it was her strong impression, that 
" her work was not done," or that 
she was to be instrumental in the 
salvation of another soul. She was 
on the watck for all opportunities ; 
and, during a visit of a few weeks to 
one of her sons in London, her con- 
versation was blessed to the conver- 

VOL. XVI. 



aioii of his housekeeper. Through 
her instrumentality, also, one of her 
servants is now a member of the 
Baptist church in Heading; and 
another w cjit before her to heaven, 
to welcome hertntranco tlicre. We 
often Iiear the complaint, ** I know 
not how to be useful.*' Ah! is it 
not rather the inclination that is 
wanting? 

Mrs. Vines died March 4, 1823, 
in the fifty-sixth year of her a^^c She 
had been some time in ilMicalth, 
and familiar with thoughts of death ; 
but a gloom had overspread her- 
mind, which it pleased God to re- 
move by the last sermon she ever 
heard : it was on the words, " Whom 
he justified, them he also glorified." 
The illness immediately preceding 
her death lasted but two days, dur- 
ing which her mind was tranquil, 
and fixed upon God. The expres- 
sions which fell from her, were such 
as flicse: ** My flesh and my heart 
failcth, but God is the strength of 
my heart, and my portion for ever. 
— Sickness and sorrow, pain and 
death, are felt and feared no more. 
— I can say that Christ is all and in 
all. I can do nothing without him. 
I looked to him long ago, and he is 
my refuge now. — My helpless soul I 
venture on Jesus Christ alone, fife 
is a solid comfort when all other 
comforts fail. — There is nothing here 
like my God. All earthly comfort 
is gone ; but he changes not : there- 
fore we are not consumed. 

" ' Be the living God my friend, 
Then my joys shall never end.* 

* After death my joys shall be 
Lasting as eternity.' " 



It is remarkable, tliat during this 
illness Mrs Vines had no apprehen- 
sion of death. She said frequently, 
" I think my work is not done yet: 
but I wjsh to live only to win souls 
to Christ." About four hours before 
her death, having said, ** I don't 
think I am dying ; 1 seem better," it 
was intimated that her life was not 
expected many hours. She replied, 
" Indeed V* hut with a calmness 
that could spring only from a well- 
prepared heart. Her last anxiety, 
her last fxpressed wish, was fortho 



74 



n of her remalnins 
ilren, " thtit all mifclit meet wi 
around tlio lUrone." She sTc( 
Jam —O that, at the r«surr< 
uf tlie Just, her opciiin^ ey«i 
realize llio ugtit for whicli her 
beat so warmly, even iii its 
feebleness ! 



Mhs. STENNEfT. 
(We have received the rollowin 
tuarj of Mrs. Slflnnelt, frnm 
the daaghters of the north; 1 
to whom it rerers.) 
PaUrnBtlrr-rBtpjJainmr^iil, 



Ml D 



t Sir, 



) give yon s fc 
tionUri relative to llieluns nl 
of mj Isle beloved motner. 
former life and conaexions ar 
known to jourself, ami most 
religious frjpnds in our dene 
lion, and knowing as I di 
serious objection lo oliitiiai 
general, I should very macti s 
to enlarge upon anf pRtt < 
early liialorjr. Thns much 1 
say, that tier's was a life of co 
and persevering exertion ff 
pood of her fellow creatures, 
did she shrink from any i 
mercy, however painful; ai 
conduct was a practical cot 
upon that scripture, " Wh 
thy hand findeth to do, do i 
Iby might, for there is no worl 
device in the grave, wbithei 
art going." Sbe needs no 
eulogiura, for she ivill live 
hearts of an extensive cin 
friends, and tbe poor will ble 
memory. 

Her last painful and sertons 
commeneed in September, 
from which lime, till the Api 
lowing, she never left thn 
Wbeu fully aware of tbe dai 
liar situation, and of the necei 
entire cessation from aclivedu 
■eemed at onre to sink into { 
flubmissinn tu the divine will, 

. leave every thing to its di; 
Sbe used often tu say to us, 
dear cbildrtn, admire the h: 
the Lord in thus quieting my a' 

' mind, lor this is bis work ; 1 
4lifferent naturally." 

I'Vom Ajiril to Oclolwr la; 
seemed gradually recoveriof 



fhoi^h the fulFJect of grelit weak- 
ness and pain, we fondly hoped sh* 
would be restored to ns. But tim 
Lard's ways and thongbia are not 
as ours, and the beginning of No- 
vember the nns again confined to 
her bed, no more to arise. Her 
mind, during tbe whole of her aiDic- 
tion, was kept in ft stale of poaoe 
and serenity ; and her constant 
answers to our anxious enquiries 
wasalwajs, " Quito happy, wibing 
to wait the Lord's time, I tiave-nu 
rnptnrous joys, but my soul is kept 
Bieadily fixed upon Jesus, as tha 
Rock of Ages, and all sball bo 
well." Sometimes sbe said, " lie 
iboughl steals into my mind, (How 
sball it be at the last?) but even 
tliii, I am enabled to leave." Vram 
the Snbbatli preceding ber deatb. In 
the Friday morning, when It 'took 
place, she had few intervals of con- 
sciousness; but these few precloas 
mompnis bore ample testimony to 
the faithfulness of God, in not leav- 
ing his people at the lust oxtremlly. 

The name of Jesus was tu her 
as ointment poured forth, when all 
earthly joys and lies had lo^t their 
influence and power to touch the 
chords of the heart: so that there 
was always a responsive string. 

May tho dying scene, so deeply 
engraven on our minds, animate us 
to follow her example, and to 
cherish the Saviour as cur Lard, 
and our God. Should you, my dear 
Sir, fin<l any thing in (bis short 
statement, at all likely to benefit 
tlie religious public, and to help 
any soul forward in the divine life, 
by auolher proof of the efficacy of 
grace to overcome every difliculty, 
we shall be rejoiced. - 



Li El 



. STEPHEN ROGERS. 



Died, October 1, 1833, at Key 
West, Thomson's Island, West In- 
dies, Lieutenant Stephen Rogers of 
the American Marine Corps, tho 
lixth and only surviving son of Ihe 
venerable William Rogers, D.D. of 
Philadelphia. He was carried off 
in tho twenty-fourth year of bis age 
by the yellow fever, which he is sup- 
posed to have caught through at- 



t humanity I He 
VfftV .to liMe been ui amiable 
ud wter^ioK J'P^tl)■ poMeuiqg all 
tbMc qnaliljoa .wfalcb Cfuleti,r Ihp 
duldto.tlie [^(entqUieMl. In 1818 
be graduated at Brown'AUniversUy, 
Providence, Rliode Island, and lub- 
•eqneat(j ,at NasHan Collsgt:, Hew 
Jertcj. A,t both of IIibk Litwvy 
Inititntiotis, bis ta|enta and bii aO' 
qnicepettta ^osured to liim acade- 
picil dUt|nctian. (lavinK rnlered 
lie Navy of tlie United Statcn, be 
vat acting under Commudore Por- 
ler-~the adject of wiiose coinmi*- 
lioii wai, by bin sqnailron. In t*cDur 
1^ Bcaa of tliixe pirales by wbieb 
Ihej bad been lopj; infetled. A' fa- 
vonrite with Iiia fuperior officers, be 
vpnldbaveariseatuqmuiencein tlie 
•eniceefbis Ijelpved country; lint 
these flattering prospectH have been 
Inminated by a prenistujre diiiolu- 
liou. Myiterions Ruler ! to il Aa(A 
inmoi gaxi iit tl^ figtl- ,UiB truly 
■fftoled parents, and bis tbree tin- 
nw'ifLg fitters— 7 wbose loas is irrepa- 
rable— rh a ve drank too deeply into 
t^ ipjri t i>f Uie gloriottt Gospel of the 
hlftu^Goit — wlueh bath brmiglti life 
mdiatmortaSty to light— aol to bow 
MbqiiMively tjotbo will of Heaven — 



1>IEW. 7« 

TtutnuVHthttoMli^oATOir vansBlcu, 

In the eye of Chriittan [raifh, and 
under the beantinK* of GhrhrtiBii 
hope — these dislresniiig ber^aVe- 
ments arc only " in much taken fnini 
the enjoyments of Timt to'ehri'oli 
the pros])ecl ofEleTnlly." Tit Lord 

J que, mild the Lord hath taken on***, 
tetied be the name of the Lord. *^ 
J.E. 
Uli»gt<y». 



JOSEPH BRADNKY, Esa, 

Died, on Saturday evening, tbft 
lOlh inst. (Janunry,) alter a very 
short illneas, Joseph Sradney, Esq. 
of Clapham Common, one of the 
Trustees of the Meeting-hoase oc- 
cupied by the Rev. James Philipps. 
Tfae decease ofMr.ltradney was at- 
tended by another bcreaveroeul, 
nhicb furuiahcs a most linking and 
awful instance of tlie ah'solnle un- 
certainly of life. Mr, Prior, a re- 
spectable surgeon of Clapbam, who 
bad been in atlondance tor several 
days, after closing (bo eyes of Mr. 
Bradnej', went home, and bad 
scarcely reached It, ere ho borel a 
blood vessel, and immediately ex- 
pired ! So teeik w to nitmber our 
daft, that we tnay ^pig our hearti 



»ettK\D. 



An fitfty *n Saptilit ; bein^^nEn- 
gfarif iiffo the Meaning, Form, and 
^ilt^ of tie ^dfniniitratioii nf 
flat OniiRa>":<> ^.V GreviUe 
■^nig. flfiiiter if the GMpel, 
GlatgotD. Witk an Appendix, con- 
taini-u^ a Ftndicalion of the Ex- 
pfanaitoM ^n the Aythor'i Gretk 
.fimntmar, and Greek aiui EngUtk 
Scry>t>i>'' tiexieon, on the tame 
JSytyect, in a Letter to tie Author, 
fratHM lAttrttiy Chrittivi Frieitd. 
Glasgow, Wti. pp. 304. 12mo. 

The .worthy author oflhia work 
has given hia readers th« lesult of 



bis inveslij^atioDS, and tbongli wa 
cannot adopt his cQDclnslons, yet 
we ougbt not to wilhhotd our testi- 
mony of the liigli respect we euler- 
tain for him, bglb as a gentleman 
and a Christian, and our oclc'n'iw- 
ledgincflt of the excel lent ('■mper 
displayed in liii 'Essay. Wc *io 
glad to sec the productions of lb i^x- 
ing men on every subject connected 
in any waywith our common failh; 
by thisjneaDS all the evidence,. and 
all Ilia il lust lation, Ihat can be ap- 
plied to tbe point in baud, are 
brought foiward anJ'made cooidod 
properly. 



76 



REVIEW. 



Our limits do not permit us to en- 
ter largely into tbe subject of Mr. 
Being's Essay ; nor ought a Review 
to be an Answer. Besides, a consi- 
derable part of the Essay arose from 
a discussion on the meaning of the 
word Baptise, and of tbe preposition 
ci£, which took place some time a&^o 
between the Author and Dr, 
Ryland, 

Without interferintr at all between 
these parties, we shall otfer a few 
observations on the ariruments ad- 
duced. IVlr. E^ing enters into a 
long explanation of the terms bap- 
tize, baptism, Sac. ; these he anai3zes 
into their suppr-sed radical syllable 
bap^ the remaining parts bein^ 
merely indicative of the inflexion 
which the original word received 
when used as a verb or as a noun. 
He then informs us, *' that the term 
pop is the root of the words which 
we have proposed to analyze/' p. 24 ; 
and hence we have pop- to, poptizo, 
and pop-tisma, as just repiesenta- 
tions of bap-to, bap-tizo, and bap- 
iisma, '^ In this identical form/' 
Mr. Ewingsays, " the root occurs in 
Greek, in Latin, and in English.^' 
p. ;J4. After some farther ohserva- 
tions, he says, " Keep in mind, now, 
the above explanation, and apply it 
to baptism (pop-tism,) and you are 
furnished with a key, which will na- 
turally and consistently account for 
all its much-disputed acceptations. 
You have only to observe, that a 
person or thing may be e\\her popped 
into water, or any other fluid, or may 
have water, or any other iiuk\, popped 
vpon, or popped into him or it, and 
the whole mystery vanishes/* p. 27. 
Hence he concludes, that baptism is 
" properly the sudden and slight ap- 
plication of Water, or some other li- 
quid ; but in a more lax sense, the 
application of it in any manner, or 
for any purpose," &c. p. 27. This is 
Ihc outline of bis theory, and on this 
plan be explains and applies the 
words baptize and baptism whenever 
be meets with them. 

We cannot attempt to examine 
this mode of turning the word to a 
primitive syllable, it would require 
not a review, but a Iqng dissertation : 
but one thing is evident; — be the 
root what it may, the words bap- 
tize^ baptism, &c. had in the Greek 



language some current ttgnification.' 
There are word.s, we acknowledge; 
in every langilage, that are of a very 
general nature, and known to be so; 
but we contend that the words un- 
der discussion are not of that num- 
ber ; but that they meant something 
more definite and precise than the 
above explanation contains. If 
sprinkling and immersion be equal- 
ly correct interpretations of baptism, 
the term has no reference either to 
mode or quantity ; the application 
of a single drop of water, or immer- 
sion in the ocean, are equally bap- 
tism : and to support this hypothesis, 
many paedobaptist writers have bent 
all their strength. But we ask, was 
baptism so understood by the 
Greeks? They knew the meaning 
of the terms in common use ; and If 
the words baptize and baptism meant 
no more than an application of wai- 
ter, without specifying how much, it 
is to be expected that some other 
terms would be also used, by which 
it would be seen whether tbe writer 
intended to describe sprinkling, 
pouring, or immersion : or, if trust- 
ing to the knowledge which every 
one had of the force of particular 
expressions in his native language, 
when used in certain connection:*, 
authors might not always be parti- 
cular in their relations, yet on so 
many occasions such additional 
descriptions must have been given^ 
that we should be at no loss tor in- 
stances. But this is not the fact; 
we do not read of baptism by sprink- 
ling, baptism by pouring, or baptism 
by immersion. The term occurs in 
whatever way it is used, and whe- 
ther it relates to a religious rite or 
not, without any additional descrip- 
tions, because it was used in a sense 
which was well known, and there* 
fore would not be mistaken. Here 
then the question is,— What is that 
sense? We cannot, and indeed 
ought not, to trespass on our readers 
by answering this question, except 
in a very brief manner. Dr. Ry- 
land, in his Candid Statement, 
brought many authorities to prove 
that the terms baptize and baptism 
must mean immersion, or the cover- 
ing of the body said to be baptized 
by the liquid spoken of, whatever it 
might be ; and he sinewed, by strong 



REVIEW. 



77 



instances, how lliia general iilea waa 
in the writer's mind, wben be was 
using the term in a figurative sense. 
A word, the meaning of which thus 
appeared fixed, is, in the New Testa- 
ment, given us as the description of 
i religious rite called Imptism. In 
succeeding times, the Greek writers, 
wben they have occasion to speak 
of this ordinance, do not inform us 
ia what sense they use the term 
baptism, for that wonid have proved 
the meaning of the word was un- 
settled and uncertain ; hut when 
they are led to describe the Institu- 
tion in its parts, for the purpose of 
commenting on its nature and de- 
sia:n, or of showing the practical im- 
provement to which it should lead, 
Ihrn we see, that what they meant 
by baptism was not sprinkling or 
pouring ; all the terms they use show 
that it was immersion,- and nothing 
else. Had the Greeks believed that 
iobapiize meant to gpriitkle, iUc snmv 
general circumstances would have 
shewn with equal clearness that 
their baptisms were not immersions, 
bat the application of water in the 
smallest possible degree : but as we 
have already observed that is not 
the case ; and we appeal to all who 
have been in this track of reading, 
whether it is not undeniably evident, 
that the Greek Fathers represented 
baptism as immersion, and that they 
never make an apology for an ap- 
piiratiou of the word in a way dif- 
ferent from its common accepta- 
tion. 

Again, since the Reformation, 
Greek literature has been very much 
cultivated, and to the present mo- 
ment, is the favourite pursuit of 
many distinguished men ; it may be 
therefore fairly presumed, that, if 
fbe supposed senses of any of the 
usual words in the Greek language 
had been mistaken, the talents and 
assiduity which have been long en- 
gaged in that department of lilera- 
»ture, \vould at least have done some- 
thing towards detecting them. But 
80 far from this being the case, re- 
specting the terms under review, the 
Baptists still are left in posses- 
sion of the field. The new edition 
of the Thesaurus of Stephens now 
published, tarings forward to fiew 
tbe criticisms and observations of 



the best Greek sobolars that bare in 
these later years appeared, whether 
Englishmen or foreigners, bnton the 
word /3a7rrcfw we read, " BSergo s. 
Imtnergo, ut qua tingendi aut ahluendi 
gratia aqua inimergimus*** This is 
the first sense given of the word, 
and all that follow, are of the same 
kind ; some indeed are stronger than 
the first, for instance, submergo, 
obnio aqua, which shews the lexico-' 
grapher .meant that the word signi- 
fied to overwhelm or cover with water. 
Now this we consider as a strong 
testimony; it is not referring to 
school-boys' lexicons, though even 
these are no inconsiderable authori- 
ties; it is going to the first work 
that the world has produced on the 
meaning of Greek words, and that 
work completely gives ns the canse. 
It deserves attention also, that the 
same explanations were g^ven in 
the first edition, which was printed 
in 1572; so that after the investiga- 
tions of two centuries and a half, 
the definitions stand unaltered. 

The criticisms of Dr. Campbell, of 
course are objectionable to Mi*. 
Ewing, w ho says, " With regard to 
baptism in particular, he seems to 
have had a vanity in patronizing 
what he did not practise.'' p. 88. 

Baptists, as well as Psedobaptists, 
have been surprised how Dr. Camp- 
bell could reconcile his practice with 
his declared sentiments : but this is 
not the only instance that has oc- 
curred of the like nature; many 
eminent men whose concessions are 
to b(^ found in Booth's Padttbaptism 
examinedy besides others whom he 
has not mentioned, have gone qnite 
as far as Dr. Campbell, and the dif- 
ference between their language and 
their conduct is equally great. How 
they reconciled them we know not; 
all that we can say is, we have no 
conception of any motive that could 
have led them to say what they did 
in favour of our views and practice, 
except their conviction, that the an- 
cient apostolical practice was Im- 
mersion. 

The cxpressionsin Mark vii.2— 4, 
are brought forward, and Dr. Camp- 
belTs criticisms are disapproved. 
To us it appears that this passage is 
often misunderstood. The Jew& 
bad, at least, two modes of purify* 



78 



REVIEW. 



1o^ theihsehrc^s (rotii cothhibn db/iic- 
Wfttttn i M Hid li^sser clain. Wasbiiig 
tftb handif ^itti a nftr? watf^r wiS 
anfficil^t ; bat tirere were oasleift fn 
ivbidB they reoatr^d this hanidk' to be 
£ppid. Besides tbese, matiy things 
Scarred which re<Ktifred to be 
deaosed by an Immei'iion of the 

whole body. Now, witbdot insist- ^ ^.j t'tt 

tfig on' this last mode of porification h'ensfon of the i^eanin{^ of the apos- 



btndih|^on onir minds: biit for the 
6lain reason that an Enfflisbmaii is 
mc^Ve'likely to feel the forc^ Of an 
allusion to a wett*kiiov^n transaction, 
when desCnb'ed by an £i7glish 
wi'itef, than a foreigner would b^, 
id is Mural to CQn6lud^,i1^at the an- 
cientnativeCrcek christians would be 
niiore likeTy to form a correct appre- 



as tlie sense of tlie writer, snpposing 
the fotftner only to bavc been referred 
to, (which is Dr. Ligbtfoot*s hy- 
|H>thesift,) the passage is clear, it 
informs i!l8 that the Jews, before 
they eiat bread, toasked theit hands 
in their ilsual way; but if they had 
been Exposed to atiy particular de- 



He's imagery, than a roan who many 
ages arter, had to acc)uire a know- 
ledge of Greek, whep it Was a! dead 
language; ^nd if his explanation 
was contrary to that which had 
always struCic the minds of native 
Greeks, ¥^e should naturally say, it 
I'eqdired the support of very clear 



filemenls, Hiey dinpid them. We a'hd decisive proof. 



mfe fold by Jewish writers of high 
Authority, that there fs ai ^reat dif- 
ferencis between wathmg hands aiid 
dipfing hKXiA^y and if we consider 
this passage as only applying to 
purifications of ihii kind, ft is riot 
only infelligible, but Dr. Campbell's 
criticism is supported. 
. Considerable attention is [^aid to 
R6m. vi. 4, Stc. Mr. Ewing eridca- 
Tburs to take Cff the force of the 
passage, by a long cfiscusidofi con- 
cerning the mode in whicli oiir Lord 
wai( buried, and the circumstances 
attending it; the design of which 
is to shbw, ihat in our itefase of 
the term, Christ was noi buried, 
and that there is no resemblance 
between the burial of Christ, lind 
our method of baptism. One general 
remark here strikes us forcibly ; it 
ia very singnlar that the Greek 



In our author's view of the extent 
of the administration of baptism, the 
covenant of circumcision appears to 
attract bis intention With great force ; 
and to do him justice, he professes 
to adopt ^e fafw of circumcision to 
its Extent, jlere We are much sur- 
prised that be did not see whither 
this systein Would uttimHtcIy lead 
him. We are told that the persons 
baptized In the primitive church, 
were " parents and children, ^nd 
servants, that is slaves l>orn in the 
bouse, or bbught with money. — As 
all these classes were circumcised 
under the Old Testament, they 
Were, and therefore are to be still 
baptized under the New Testament." 
p. 164. Oh tdis plan, shbuld Mr. 
Ewing be removed by the provi- 
dence of God from Glasgow, to the 
tVe^t Indies, and should ht^ preach- 



Writers who ref<^r to this passage, or ing be the means of converting a 



who paraphrase it, (as far as we 
bdve observed,) all 6otisidered the 
allusion -clearly and strongly to ap- 
ply to the ithni<irsion which was 
used in baptism. They evidently 
thought and wrote on tlie words of 
the af>ostle very much as wo do; 
afid considering that the Greek Was 
their native language, dnd that the 
mode of burial described in the 
Evangelists, was probably more 
familiar to them than to us, it is a 
Very singular thing if th^y shodid be 
so far in th6 Wrong, ds they must 
bate been on MK EWing's mo<)c of 
reasoning. Here, let our readers 
ot)sarvc, we attach no authority to 
their commentary as nccessaaily 



planter vvho had nfever been bap- 
tized, he might say, thsil Ae, and all 
his staves were nroper subiects of 
baptism, and church-membership; 
even though not one of the number 
shoula be converted from the error 
of his ways^ except the planter him- 
self. To us this appears the un« 
Avoidable conkequeiice of Mr. 
£wing*s reasoning ; but we cannot 
help askidg, would he act on his 
own plan?. No; we c^iiot thiiik 
he virdutd, he would see it would be 
pregnant with consequences of the 
most deplorable kind. We could 
easily point out nlauy^ but we must 
conclude; we have, already gone 
beyond our limits. On parting 



■Hh aur antbor wa ilull onl; add, 
lk*l Ikotigh we oknnul Rgrea witli 
Urn, jet rfumM be happen lo *ce 
(wrvbMrvBliaiis, wo aredMiroiisof 
MnrinsMinef ltiehtf(hre)(Kd wbiuh 
it holds in our eitimmlion, iiBd of 
«ar lenae of the huHlsome nianncr 
in wbicb lie h&i very ollen (poken 
of dioM who in Uiif point ate 
nUiged in conicience to lujiport a 
Merent ajatem Trom lliit wliicb he 
■"*'-'-■-- -~ tlie CBtaj WQ havo rc- 



Tht Omtinuanee of Brotherlg Lov 
TtcommenHed, ffC. ■' a Sermon bg 
Gtorge PritcAard. BarOeld, Cox, 
UoldRWort)], 6vu, pp. 32, 1(. 

Wb were prtitcotat the deliTcrj 
oftbia DUconise,aDdnioit curdiallj 
united ia reqaeilin^ iti pablicalion : 
tre bave jnst *tlenttTel> ixrused it, 
and moat nincerelj recommend it as 
worlby of Ibe oluBeat inveitisalion, 
aad tbe warmast regard of oar 
readera. Considered as to Ibo doe- 
trinei to nbicb it refers, it is " a 
farm oTaound words ;" aa to tlie ex- 
l traflis it contains, it is 



manner in wbicb both Ihi 
forced upon the eonicleneei of IIiom 
to whom it waa Hddressed, thcj are 
" the tbiaga which become sound 
doctrine." 

The oliject of tbe preacher is ta 
show, the principles on wbicb tbe 
exercise of CbriBtiaa affection u 
fnaded, by wliat it is promaUd, and 
— why it should be eotitintwd. Tht 
variooa particolars nnder each nl 
Uiue heads, are judiciously intro- 
duced and iilnstrated, and cxempli- 
fy the expreaaion of that " Broiherlj 
Love," the aboandin^s and conti' 
nuance of which ars so desirabU 
and secessary. 

One extract will give a good idci 
of Uw spirit bj which tiie preachci 
was animated, while his beari 
jeamed over the perishing coodl 
tioD of bis unconverted iiearcrs. 

" In canclnsion. Is there not, how- 
ever, an inqniTy whose importance ad- 
ails of DO delay r Art tee brtthTeni 
Tkalia, do wa suilati (h« sjiititual 



7a 

relation h> dsnote which the larm bra- 
Ihreu if so frequently employed in Iho 
New Testament, and to which it un- 
]ueBlionab1y refers in the wordg oflbe 
[eit? On this subject how BiBch more 
have we to dread from deception than 
we haie to apprehend from inveslijp^ 
ttou! HaiiOE, it maybe, long been 
accustomed to recelre the title of bre- 
thren, and the ordinary tokens of 
respect and esteem atteiKtant on this 
diatinction, we may have been la dan- 
ger of taking too much for granted, 
and of prasumptuoaaly adopting a 
cunclusiim to wtuchwe can oaly safely 
arrive by a piocesa of serious and r^- 

Eeated examination. Letit be remem- 
ered, that the inquiry we suggest 
possesses this desirable recommeDda- 
tion, that, while it may detect a fUI- 
laoy which might prove falal, it vtill 
disturb nothing which ought to remain 
unahaken. In short, a benevoleat con- 
cern lest any present should not finally 
be found among the brethren and dis- 
ciples of Jesus Christ, impels us tO\ 
entreat that this duly mayaot be neg- 
lected. It should never be forgotten, 
that the favour which confers these 
spiritual distinrlions, and with which 
those of earth will bear no comparison, 
either as to excellence or duration, is 
inconceivably rich and free, and is, 
therefore, abnudantly commensurate 
to meet every Extreme of misery and 
wretchedness to which it* healing and 
saving influence may be divinely ap- 
plied. Come, then, my bearers, to this 
tbuntain of evailuting blessednesa, 
for this is to be happy and honourable. 
Hut, to treat tiie represeDlatioos of 
eternal mercy with disdain and oppo- 
sition, is to incur an awful responsibi- 
lity indeed, and must expose the trans- 
gressor to (he punishment of' everlast- 
ing destruction from tbe presence of 
the Lord, and from the glory of hia 

It is affectins lo find, that the 
Monthly Meetings of the Associated 
Churches in London, sbonid have 
re<)nired such an Address as that 
before us, to stir up the churches to 
the exercise of an united expression 
of Christian love. Wemoat sincerely 
hope, that this well-intentioned at- 
tempt to re-cnkindle the dying <.-»<• 
hers of tiie expiringiire.and tobrlii; 
other cbtircbea into the Association, 
to increase tlie wnrmth and energy 
of Cbristiaa love among the London 
Bajttiat '!burdies, may lend lo clTact 
importanl cads: wr atdt-ntly wish 



LITBKARY ISTBLLIG E!*CE. 



(bat the wortb; wlhormii} "Dolloie 
Ibc Uiiogi wbich be tialb Wfouglil, 
bnl Ibat be majr rcceiTC a fall 

A Smitmanf of the PrineipUi and 
ftitlaty tf Popery, in Fivt Lte- 
turn an ike Pretemina and Abuta 
of tht ChMteh of Rome. Bif John 
BtTl of ManciaUr. Holdswortb, 
he. 

We cordially welcome tbese able 
iiDi) inti-rrititig Lectutei, nbicb aie 
fcrjr tcaion able, anil, «e tniil, wiW 
bcvcrr luccPssfiil. T!ic lopici di»- 
GDined are, " The ulajin or llie 
rbnrcb of Rumc (o tlie a|ipellation 
Calhalie~the connexion oflbe Papal 
nfturpalion wilb IJcelcfiaitical hls- 
tor; — tbe goniua and clinraclerislics 
orthe Papal ascendencj — Ihe tJiurch 
of Rome viewed wilh reference to 
Ihe pait— Ihe prospects nnfolitiog lo 
Ibe Church ot' Christ." 

The sljle \% clear aod forcible, 
slowing H'iih ardour ; anil, with the 
bi^bcit salisfactiun. we observe, the 
i>I>i[it witicli it breathes is liul^ 
evanj^elical. 
Many i|ierimen9 of a nuble. 



manly clciqucnnc 
duced, but our limi 
extract only a few li 


might be pr. 
ts permit us 1 


" There U nothing 


in the history ( 



the whole wurld more eitrflonJ inary, 
than the i arioufl etents connected with 
the name and tbe territory of Rome. 
The first studies of oar youth acquaint 
US with the valiant deeds uf Human 
patriots and hcroeti, the splendid vic- 

polky of Knman senates, and the al- 
most boundless dominiun of Roman 
emperori; and such is their impres- 
•ion.that every thing groat in intellect 
and enterprise, eteiy thing patient in 
endurance, mighty in operation, and 
brilliiint in jiuccess, becomes in our 
feelings identified with that which is 
Roman. Tbese are the subjects which 
rouaed tbe enlhueiasm ot oor early 
days ; and which, in spite of ourselves, 
command (he admiration of maturer 
age. Yet all these things are far out- 
done by the history of Rome in modern 
times. Her ancient records contain 
nothing equal lo the stratagems, the 
achievements, and the unconquerable 
perseverance wbich elevated the Popes 
to Eccle»>hutical aovereignt;, and gave 
tbe ascendency lo Papal Rome. The 
chanpion* of tlie Church have surpasf- 



ed tbe beroei at the Repnblk— the 
nbtletyof O^ Caeclave has exceeded 
in depth aad reCnement that of the 
Senate— the thonder of the ValicaD baa 
rolled more terribly than that of tbe 
Capitol — and, though vritbin a nar- 
rower boundary, the tyranny of the 
Popes has been more despotic and in- 
tense than that of the proudest of the 
Cstsar*."— p. T2. 

In sabsequcDt editions w« bope ' 
the wottliy author will much improve 
the utility of Cbis pamphlet, by b'*"- 
ing an Appendixof Notes and lllua- 
iralioDs, with tbe Authorities fur the 
leading facts, «u which be has ci- 
^atialed. 

Tho paintirtg of the Reformers 
silliu); round a (able, . menlioned 
paj^e I62,isin Dr. Williams's Libra- 
ry, Red -cross- street, London. 

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. 

Jitii PMithtd, 

VindiuK SeramporianK ; or, a Re- 
view of a Pamphlet by Mr. John 
Bowen. 

A Dictionary of allReliKions,by Mr. 
T. Williams. A new and improved 
Edition. 

Private Thoughts on Religion, by 
the Rev. T. Adams; with an Intro- 
ductory Essay, by the Rev. Daniel 
Wilson, A.M. 

A new and greatly improved Edition 
of Dr. Brown's History of Missions. 

An Account of tbe American Bap- 
tist Mission to tbe Burman Empire; 
by Ann H. Judson- 



Iii tlie Prtu. 

Harding's Short-hand. 2d Edition. 

The Plenary Inspiration of the 
Holy Scriptures ; by the Rev, S. Noble. 

An Abstract of the gracious Deal- 
ings of God with several eminent 
Chrialiana; by 5. James. 0th Edition. 

The Rev. Mr. Cos has in the Press 
a Work on Baptism ; io Reply to the 
recent Publications of the llev. Messrs. 
Ewing and Wardlaw of Glasgow, and 
the Rev. Dr. Dwight of America, oa 
that subject. 

iiTotum.— Mr. Ivimey's Work, enti- 
tled, " Coniidtratiima designed to 
prove the Impropriety and Ineipe- 
diency of departing from the original 
Constitution of tbe Christian Church, 
by founding open Communion Baptist 
Churches," &e. is in lA< PrMi.and vtll 
be out in a few weeks. 



61 



Jtttelligettce^ 4^^ 



AMERICA. 

Extract of « Letter from the Rev, Dr, 
Thomas Baldwin of Booton^ America., 
to Mr. Ivimey : accompanying $ecen 
numbers of the American Baptist 
Msgazine, 

Boston, Nov, 3, 1823. 

Reverend and dear Sir, 

I aTail myself of a moment's oppor- 
tunity to drop you a line, by a person 
who sails to-morrow for London. I 
pretty regularly receive your Maga- 
ziDe, and endeavour, as I have oppor- 
tunity, to send you ours.* 

With regard to the state of religion 
in this country, generally speaking, it 
may be considered as in a prosperous 
state. The churches of our Calvinistic 
Denomination, almost universally con- 
tinue sound in the faith. Unitarianism 
has made a considerable number of 
proselites among our congregational 
neighbours. Its efforts are unwearied, 
but its progress seems to be impeded : 
for <^ when the enemy seemed to be 
coming in like a flood, the Spirit of the 
l/)rd has lifted up a standard against 
luffl." Revivals of religion of late in 
Almost every direction have circum- 
scribed its influence. Much error, 
We?er, still prevails in many places. 
But amidst the prevailing errors of 
the day, the friends of evangelical re- 
ligion may rejoice that *' the Lord 
feigneth." 

The Baptists of this country are 
Biaking very laudable efforts for the 
promotion of literature and science. 
H^e have now three colleges under our 
immediate direction: these are in a 
prosperous state. Notwithstanding 
these advantages, we need many 
more young men to supply our 
churches^ tluiu we are able to bring 
forward. Our daily, prayer to the 
great Lord of the harvest is, that he 
would send forth into the harvest 
many more faithful labourers. 

Our last accounts from Burmah are 
encouraging; — but, after aU, little re- 
liance can be placed on the favour of 
^ capricious prince. The cause is 
^ Lord's, and we trust he will pros- 
perit. 

Great efforts are also making to ex- 
tend the light of the gos pel among the 

MTiey do not come to hand. 



red men of our Western Forests. Th^ 
Indians of America differ from other 
Pagan nations. They have no idols of 
any form. They generally acknow- 
ledge the Great Spirit; but hav» very 
confused ideas of him. They seem, 
mbre disposed than heretofore to listen, 
to the gospel. 

I remain, affectionately. 
Yours, 

Thomas Baldwin. 
Rev, Joseph Icimey, 
London, 

(American Intelligence in the next- 
Number,) 



DEMARARA. 

It is supposed that the General 
Court Martial appointed for the trial 
of Mr. Smith, a Missionary of the Lon- 
don Society, have concurred in finding 
him guilty of aiding the recent insur- 
rection of the slaves. As the" General 
Order," dated November 28, 1823, 
has been transmitted by them " for his 
Majesty's consideration and ultimate 
decision," we most earnestly hope, 
and fully believe, that the accused 
Missionary wrill find the " ultimate 
decision'' emanating from the mind 
of the Sovereign, investigated, as all 
the charges will be in the Privy 
Council, a full justification of Jiis cha- 
racter, and an exposure of the malig- 
nity of his antichristian prosecutors. 



SEAMEN. 

The third anniversary of the Bristol 
Seaman's Friend and Bethel Union 
Society, was held at the Great Room in 
Queen- square, Bristol, on Wednesday 
the 23rd of October last. On this oc- 
casion the Seaman's Floating Chapel 
hoisted her colours. She received a 
like compliment from several other ves- 
sels in the harbour. The chair was 
taken by R. H. Marten, Esq. Trea- 
surer of the Port of London Society 
for promoting Religion among Seamen. 
The Report was read by Captain John 
Bankes, of the R. N. and while it gave 
very encouraging accounts of numer- 
ous and steady congregations of sea- 
men at all the meetings for divine ser? 
vice, gave also instances of individual 
benefit received from the preaching of 



Be 



INTELLIGENCE, 8CC. 



sacred truth. The improTemeDt already 
manifest among the sailors appeared 
to enconrage the Committee not to re- 
lax in their exertions during the next 
year : — and to this they were the more 
fltnimated by the liberality of the pub- 
lic, by tvhfch the ship is already paid 
for, cird the Society is out of debt. 
IfNf Committee announced their in- 
tentioft to establish a Marine School 
for seamen and for sea-boys (those sea- 
men of the next generation,) that they 
may, by early culture, be examples 
and blessings to the generations yet to 
arise. The Rev. Rowland Hill, the 
Rev. Mr. Stanley, of the Establish- 
ment, with the Rev. Messrs. Sherman, 
Crisp, Allan, Roberts, and others, 
among the Dissenters; and the Rev. 
Messrs. Smith and Woods, of the Wes- 
leyans ; with several gentlemen of the 
Committee, addressed the meeting in 
moving or in seconding the several 
resolutions. A good collection was 
made at the door. 



REV. DR. COLLYER. 



It has afforded us real pleasure that 
the ministers of the Congregational 
Board have adopted the following de- 
cisions respecting the Rev. Dr. Collyer, 
and we comply cheerfully with the 
request that we would insert them. 

CONGREGATIONAL BOARD. 

King*s Head Taeerny Poultry, 

Monday, January 5, 1824. 

At a Meeting specially summoned 
to receive the Report of the Committee 
appointed to inquire into^the truth of 
the reports which have been circulated 
prejudicial to the character of the Rev. 
Dr. Collyer; the Rev. John Clayton, 
Sen. in the Chair ; 

The following Report was presented 
and read : — 

<< The Committee appointed at a 
Special General Meeting of the Con- 
gregational Board, for the purpose of 
inquiring into the truth of certain re- 
ports prejudicial to the character of 
the Rev. Dr. Collyer, which have been 
widely circulated, have endeavoured 
to discharge, with the utmost fidelity 
and promptitude, the trust which the 
Board confided to them, and have to 
present the following Report as the 
result of their exertions. 

" Your Committee were aware, that 
the duty which they had to discharge, 



related first, to the printed reports, and 
secondly, to the rumours which have 
;been extensively, though privately, 
circulated. In reference to the former, 
your Committee deem it sufficient to 
extract from their minutes, the resolu- 
tion which was passed unanimously at 
the termination of their inqviriea, on 
Monday, December the 8tii; all the 
Members of the Committee being 
present. 

" Resolved, — ^That we hare obtain- 
ed as nrach evidence as we are at all 
likely to obtain respecting the printed 
charges against Dr. Collyer, and that 
the result of their evidence is such, as 
to justify us in acquitting Dr. Collyer 
of all the criminality charged or insi- 
nuated against him, in the printed 
publications. 

" In adverting to the private ru- 
mours, your Committee havis to state, 
that after all the attention which they 
have been able to give to this part of 
the case, no charge whatever against 
Dr. Collyer has been substantiated, 
Bor has one single witness appeared ; 
and that in their decided opinion, no 
reason exists to prevent the conti- 
nuance of cordial intercourse with 
Dr. Collyer, both as a Christian and 
as a Minister. 

" Under this conviction, your Com- 
mittee cannot, without deep regret, 
reflect upon the conduct of those per- 
sons, who have lent their aid, without 
any due inquiry, to the propagation of 
such rumours. 

** Your Committee have only to add, 
that the minutes of their proceed- 
ings, together with all the documents, 
upon which their decisions have been 
founded, are in the hands of the Secre- 
tary, and are open to the inspection of 
every member of the Board." 

(Signed) 
John Townsend, Chairman. 
Thomas Harper^ Secretary. 
H. F. Burder, 

William Walford^ Homertpn. 
John Morrison. 
George Collison, 
William Harris, Hoxton. 
J. Fletcher, 

King's Head Tavern, Poultry, 
Dec. 30, 1823. 

Upon the motion of the Rev. John 
Humphrys, seconded by the Rev. John 
Clayton, Jun. ; 

Resolved, — That this Report be re- 
ceived and approved by this Board. 

That the Report be sent to the Evan- 



IHTALLtORNCe, 8CC. 



Sli^rfddCdUteMgalioiMlHUKEiiMW; 
d d(o diat fi be firlated, and S cop* 
uDtlaeacfa Memberuf theUaEmT.Bnd 
ilso to each Member of the gcaeial 
bod; of the tbrtt d^oMfnalions. 

I^^OLvni, — That a copy of thix Re- 
pmbepi'eKnted tothe Rev. Dr. Col- 
ter, by (he Rev. John Tawngend, aa 
Uiunaaa of the Committee. 

Upon the motiun of Uie Ber. John 
Eobper, seconded hj the Rev. John 
YoOcMr, 

JtaMLVcD^— That the cordial thanki 
of Ifair Board be preaented to the 
ConAiItt^ of Enquirjr, for the minute, 
ralient, hbarifnia, and impartial at- 
leation which tbey bKve paid to the 
ntject of inveBtifatlan, and thai they 
hail with eatire BtttiafactioD, the reinlt 
el their eiertioDa. 

THDMA9 HxKnt,Seerttarg. 



Sti^ Ateimkt 6f t%t tutniaclioi^ej 
fitt G*tjptl among the FUhermen af 
tilt Hirtk SHott <lf tb TUner ilerieg, 
liiaetttt to the Tomt ef JAeerpv^. 



'In the year ISIfi, a huilding on the 
kanki of the river, otiginally degigned 
lor (he Accoimnodation ofbalhera, wb! 
iibtaiiied. A Suoday-Bchool was es- 
libtiihed, for the ioatniction of Uit 
children of the flahtrmen, and the 
pnactung. of the gospel was intro' 
Jnced. Diirini; the last seven years. 
■pttdnb of a UiOilsaiid children hav( 
leen instructed ; and th« ^spel hat 
been preached on Sabbath evenings b] 
ministers f^sidin; in Liverpool, and b] 
othtrs vthq have occasionally vliitei 
Ihe neighbourhood. The place hai 
been well attended ; there have beei 
loitoncea of cti'Dversion, and personi 
Who have received serious impressloni 
nnder the preaching at the Shore havi 
ilnited with chtiaUan societies in 'thi 
toittt. A n^ehold (pot of ground bft: 
been purchased, and a chapel am 
school-room built, nhicb are vested li 
tbehiuidii bf Trustees, for theuseo 
the PaKicular .Bapdst Denominatioi 
Ibr ever. On Lord's-day, Novembe 
16, Wm, the ehipel tvai opened. Ml 
-Hoses Fieher [trenched in the tnorninj 
fTDin Pgalin KCiii. 5 ; Dr. Raffles in (h 
ademoon from John ri, 40 J 



lauiff, and there is no place 
woTRhlpof any descriptiuu 
hbonrhood'. 



DINAtlONS, Sic. 

Mr. S. Marston was ordain- 
r thie Baptist Church lately 
JAINSBOBOUQH in Lin- 
The R«v. T. Thonger of; 
I tlfe nature of a Christian 
eRer. W. Nichols of Col- 
iked the usual questions, 
: the ordination prayer ; the 
nmers of Boston gave the 
he minister fn»n I Tim. ii. 
of the 15th irrse; and the 
issitl of Sutterton preached 
rple from Dent. viii. part of 
rse : " Encourage ye him." 

of the Baptist ministers in 
re, who, lamenting the dark 
county, and the small num- 
tptiat churches within it, 
lemtelves into a Society, 
y dennmlnated " The Lin- 
Baptist Home Missionary 
At Gainsborough tbey made 
iland, the population of Die 
^eat, the denomination waa 
LDown, and the place of wor- 
lot appear proportioned to 
r of the inbabitanta. Vari- 



e lliiotvi 



n the 



jme who were afraid of their 
bein; injured, but notwith- 
hese things, a congregation 
sollected, and many sppear 
the word, not as the word of 
u it Is indeed, the word of 
ew chttpel lias likewise been 
hich waa opened for divine 

>n the occasion by the Rev. 
ns of Newark, the Rev. J. 
n of Hull, and the Rev. B. 
Classical Tatot of BraUfurd 



aplist Meeting-house at 
i, Middlesex, waa re-opened 
4, 1H24, under the direction 
mmittee of the Baptist Auii- 
le Missionary Society for the 
It of Middleiei and Parts ad- 
lentwo sermon s were preach . 
e morning by Mr. Ptilchard ; 
he afternoon, by Mr. Pyer. 
'as oflered by nieeers. Pliil- 
(anicq^ (wbe is eipeeted to 



84 



IMTELLIOBNCE^ &ۥ 



preach for some time, as an Itine- 
rant, at Staines, and in the neighboar- 
hood,) Coleman, of Colnbrook, and 
Porter, the Independent minister at 
Staines. The next quarterly meeting 
of \he Society will be held on tlie I4th 
of next April at some one of the Bap- 
tist churches in the District ; of which 
dne notice will be given. 

CORNWALL. 

On Tuesday, Oct 14, 182S, the Bap- 
tist ministers and churches of Corn- 
wail held their Half-yearly Meeting 
at Redruth, at which Messrs. Lane of 
Helston, and Horton of Plymouth 
Bock, preached ; the former from Gal. 
i. 11 and 12; and the latter from 
2 Cor. y. 20. In the devotional ser- 
vices. Brethren Green, Rogers, Clark, 
and Heath, were engaged. — At this 
meeting hopes were entertained that, 
in consequence of the dissolution of 
the late Western Association, with 
which some of these churches were 
connected, the churches in Cornwall, 
and those in Devon, would unite in 
one Association. — To form such a 
union, a meeting at How's-lane, Ply- 
mouth, in the Whitsun-week of 1824, 



was agreed to: Brethren Green of 
Falmouth, and Sprague of Bovey 
Tracey, to preach. 

WARWICK. 

We are requested by a Correspond- 
ent, on whom we can depend, to sup- 
ply an omission in the article printed 
in our last Number respecting the 
Church at Warwick. 

Mr. Evan Herbert, now of London, 
regularly supplied the pulpit at War- 
wick, from July 11, 1819, till August 
12,1821, during which time twenty- 
four persons were baptized by him ; a 
few were received by letter from other 
churches; and the congregation was 
increased from about eighteen persons 
to fill the Meeting-house. 

PORT OF LONDON SOCIETY. 

On Tuesday the 17th of February 
inst. a Public Meeting of the above 
Society will be held at the Argyle- 
Rooms, Regent-streetj when the at- 
tendance of ladies and gentlemen 
friendly to the religious instruction of 
British Mariners is earnestly solicited. 
The Chair will be taken at Twelve 
o'clock precisely. 



A Complaint of Deafness, 
BY A LADY.* 



OH, me! what trouble and discomfoit sad 
Attend the loss of hearing ! grateful sense ? 
By which wo with our friends hold converse 

sweet. 
And make a part of ble&t society ; 
But not to me the charms of converse sweet. 
Or blc»t society, aflPord delight, 
Or singer's lunefil pipe, or prattle fond 
Of infancy, so much desir'd and lov'd ; 
Or the melodious flute, or harpsichord 
Thrice ton'd, tho' loucb'd by fair C(orinda*s 

hand. 
So far unbrac'd and useless lie those nerves 
That to the brain should give intelligence 
Of sounds, that vibrate on the ear, unheard. 
When pensive o*er the verdant meads 1 rove, 
Mot the deliehtful harmony of birds 
In concert, nor the ploughman whistling biythe, 
VoT falling brook, that o'er the pebble smooth. 
Transparent trickles, nor the rusthng winds, 
To whom the trembling leaves respondent 

dHnce. 
E'er break in upon the silent scene, 
To chter the mind, attentive to its griefs. — 
Yet these I well could spare — but, when to 

thee. 
Fair Sion ! and thy hallow'd courts on earth, 

* We are indebted for this Article to Mr. S. 
Bagster, whose pious mother had been for 
many years afflicted with deafness, and who, 
lie remarks, "could take up the joys and sor- 
lows as her own," which in these lines are so 
pathetically described. It is not known tliat 
ilicjr hav* b«ea before published. 



With solemn steps I walk, in hope to he^r 
From human voice, divine, diviuest truths. 
Then to be quite excluded — 
Then, in the room of prayer and praises, a 

blank 
Of universal silence reigns around. 
And fla^ Devotion's wings: the eye intent 
Fain would assist its fellow i>ense, and spell 
From motion and from gesture, part at least 
Of those high themes, that into minds prepared 
Pour comfjrt or instruction; upwards drawn 
Each faculty, strain'd to the highest pitch. 
Each sense would now be ear — till now the soul 
Calls in her feeble powers, herself too weak 
To bear their longer absence; down she sinks 
Exhausted, spiritless, depress'd, and sad, 
To find her utmost efforts all in vain, 
"And Wisdom at one entrance quite shut out.** 
So much the rather. Thou, celestial Spirit ! 
Speak in the »till small voice, tliat needs no aid 
Of nerve or membrnoe to convey the sound, 
But finds its way immediate to the heart. 
The*e make me quick of heaving; thence eject 
All the tumultuous rabble of vain thoughts, 
Passions unmortificd, resentment keen. 
Sad fears and worldly sorrows, working death. 
With all the train of moping melancholy: 
And plant insttad thy blessed fruits of love, 
Joy, peace, long snfifering, meekness, gentlene&s. 
Best garb of Christian women — but o'er all 
Let gratitude and thankfulness abound. 
For blessings yet continued — Precious light! 
Invaluable, chief rorpoieal gift. 
Through that blessed medium knowledge 

enters, — 
The labours of the pious and the wise. 
In different climes and distant^ ages born. 
Are all brought home to me, and made my own t 
Still to my eyes the Book of GOD expands 
Its sacred leaves, replete with light and truth . 
" Light to my feet and lanthem to my paths,*^ 



8« 



3fri0|) Chronicle* 



From Rev, J. Wilson to the Secretaries, could have often wished that it had 
Boyle Nov 21 1823 fallen to some other person to describe 
Since my last, a Bible Society has J^« s"^*^?*^ with which these imperfect 
b«ea formed in this town, another in '^'^5"^? '**^«. ^een attended. I have 
Carrick, only seven miles from this, f?*/* ^^^ scriptures regularly m Eng- 
though in another county, and several ^'^^ ^"^ inlnah every day, and have/ 
others in the province, so that each endeavoured to ascertain how far they 
county in Connaught has now its Bible ***7?, ^.^"l Messed, to the moral and 
Society; this, I can truly say, has spjntual improvement of the hearers. 
been the desire of my heart, and an ? '^f^^ *'«« /^^.'^^PP*"^ ^^ of knowing 
object of mv fervent prayers, ever instances of individual benefit, where, 
since I saw' the barren state of the ^ ^^^«'' the word of life under divine 
country, in reference to the word of asf^ncy, has renovated the heart, over- 
God; and I am happy in being able come prejudice, and is winning its 
to add, that my expectations, in re- ^Y ^^ degrees, 
ference to the reception with which ^ young man who conducts a pay- 
the word of God meets, have not been ^S^""""^ m Ballmtoher, whose name is 
disappointed ; for many, who live day F^eney, has made a tolerable profi- 
after day upin scarcely any thing but "^"^^ *^ ^^^"1°^ t^""®?^ ^^^ ^^\^^ 
potatoes, subscribe their penny per language. He begged of me to give 

week for the Bible ; some of whom are ^™ *\F"«5 ^^'*?Tf * i" ^^^ ""W^^' 

Roman Catholics *®'' ^^^^^ ^ granted to him, and took 

Let, then, the wrath of man vent *^ opportunity of conversing with him 

itself in every possible way, this word 2^ >'« contents. Never did I feel a 

shall rise superior to it ; and shall not f ^^Pf J '""^^^^^^ I? S"^"?P^*'°« I'Lt^J^' 

return void, but shall accomplish that ^°Pf. ^**^ unsearchable nches of Chnst, 

which its Author pleases, and prosper 2?,*^/ grandsubject of revelation ; nor 

in the thing whereto he sent it. I ^f} ^^^' ^>*°^«? «*r^°g^' indications 

have nothing particular to communi- ^^ deep concern in the countenance of 

cate respecting the schools, for though ^°y with whom I have ever conversed 

always thinly attended at this season ^'^ * similar subject : his efforts to ex- 

of the year, they are now more so than P''^^^ .*« j?^, ^'l admiration of what he 

tisual, and Providence is affording a Pf^ceived to be so richly adapted to 

fine season for getting in the potatoes ; ^'' ^.^°*«' *^\''°°!I' "?? TI? ™; 

and though, in coldsSils, there is but a P'^«7« ^ and his utter de testation of 

small crop ; yet, it is hoped, that the f ^^^f*^*"' ^^^>;. ^\*,^ exclusive pre- 

abundance in other lands will furnish *t°«^°°« to chnstianity, hides it from 

a more plentiful supply than was an- ^^^^ eyes of men, and sets up an im 

ticipated. Thus again the Lord has ^'^^a Ik J t ''*''°'m JS^K*'^^, 'l 

bee" better to us than our fears had quested that I would fill the blank 

mirsrested leaves of his Testament with the heads 

' Yours affectionately, «.^ ^^. observations I had made to as- 

j ^^^iLsoN. ^ ^® memory ; as he declared it was 

his firm resolution to report to all 

' within his reach, those things which 

t. r ' L Y> J X A1. n ^^ should ever consider as glad tidings 

From an Irish ^ader to the Rev, of great joy. 

J. Wilson. ^11 ^jjjj acknowledged the divine 

Collooneyy Dec, 13, 1823. authority of the Bible, ought to admit 

Reverenb Sir, that the Lord is found of them who 

I again attempt to detail the feeble sought him not, an instance in con 

exertions I have made for extending firmation of this I have to relate. On 

the boundaries of Christ's kingdom as the evening before the last fair day of 

vsnal, within this present month ; and this towQ, a young man and his wife 



86 



IBISN CHRONICLE. 



mlled tt m; jdace, crating lodging 
for the ni|!l>t ; I had tlie Bible in ray 
hSDd, and nM commenciDg to read the 
second chapter of Ephesian^ Tor VK/ 
owQ family, when I di!4ice|] the 
BlrangerB to sit down; 1 read slonly, 
and with an emphaiis inteiided to di- 
rect their attention to the importance 
of the chapter. Thpy were all Tery 
atteative ; but mora particularly the 
man, nhu geemed gensibty struck and 
conBideriibly agitated : when done 
reading the chapter, he inquired what 
book it nas from which I had been 
reading. I told him it was the nord 
of Ood. He observed, that he nevei 
before bad imown there was luch a 
book, and began to inquire respecting 
the full im'port of some qf the pasaagef 
which had arrested hid atlentioD : 
thc»e ware the exptCBsiuni — dead jo 
tiespaase* and sins—walking after Ih' 
course of this fforld — by nature thi 
children of wijitli. I endeavoured ti 
answer him as feelingly as poasibit 
from the scriptures, and when 1 hac 
finished, the man looked earnestly 
und with einotion eielaiioed. It is in 
deed God's word, and my state ii 
fully what it describes. 1 hsTe beei 
a profligate for itajij years, but wil 
qow, with diiine assistapce, flee froo 
the wrath to come, and seek directioi 
•nd strength in the word of God. 1 
gave tbemaa aTestiunent, as hecoolf 
read, and accompanied him and hL 
wife the day (bllowtng for two or thre. 
milea on their way towards Sligo 
where he intended to follow weafiug 
to wliich he wag bred, and to give u) 
the eiil coarse of life which he had » 
long pjtrsued. 



CtlUglan Lavdt, Dte. VB, 1833 
Rev. Sir, 

One year. is now nearly elapsei 
since I first commenced raading an 
explaining the Irish scriptnreg in thi 
yjcinjty, under the auspices of (h 
BapUgt Irish Society, and I shonld b 
-bappy to spend tlie remainder of m 
life in turning poor periBhing ainnei 
from darkness to light, and frnm lb 
power of Satan unto God. It woul 
be impassible for me to give you moi 
than a faint Idea of the immense nun 
bers I read and explained to, atdi 
ferent times, and the various places 
have frequented within the last si 
months .at Cappabawn mount 
Shean mountains, and (Hentai 



Sabbath ereninga, kit 
uloos villages, and al- 
ended by men and wo- 
if them without shoe* or 
> come four, three, two, 
distance out of the vil- 
pose to hear for Ikem- 
ive always beard with 
nxiety. O what a fine 
I explain the gospel and 
ish and in Elngliab to 
poor perishing sinners 
rd tbem read or explaio- 

bopc the hearts uf the 
£ned 1 I often see many 
I. O that I had a voice 

to explain the free aal- 
;o»pel, to every creature 
lis benighted land. I 
id in bogs. Gelds, &c. 
luld collect any to hear 
inity, and in Scariff. 



g I have returned home, 
1 the schools in my way. 
»ppy to find Ui^t all n^y 

country are d^y gr<tyi- 
And in the knH>iledge of 

tliat their qu.mbe^.^e 
ug. And E^ch (s .rea)! 

are beginning to. ^oubt 

be invested 'with such 
aking nse of . th«t fqlent 
ird g«Te the»i,.tltey «ra 
eiainine for tbtptelTC^t 
pirits. whether tjiey be ,ijf 
: Lord is daily bleSfiiV 
■urs, by opening ijjeir 
; to understvid Oie kd?- 
ly way I call«d on fiae 
, who .fa»s i^aatifif4 
rifed him, what oji^ectjon 
e doctrine of the church 
I reply w:m, tlut Uwqs 
he doctrine of tie BibJ,e, 
irth Christ JefUi ^s the 
^tonenjent, aud that hia 



, that I have 
d of God is 
nd much u 
leaving home, I liad a 
unity of talking . to sty 
boot th* one thing need- 
most part of'tham are 
pay the greatest, atten- 
1 read and ftay totkem 



IRIS« CHRONICLS. 



87 



]V Iht^teretaries of tU Goptfri hith 

SwiHy. 

IfewMirktf on Fergiu, Die. 20, tS23. 

I arrived here lost night, through 
Bcrcy, after being expoted to con- 
lidetable danger; my health U also 
grlcionsly preserved, though beiog 
nposed to the wet and inclemency of 
the KMon ; having obtuined help of 
God, I am continoed to the present 
moment. When I look back and con- 
lidef'the Tftrisus hair-breadth escapes 
vbicb I have h&d, end see one and 
uother brought to the knunledie of 
Ike truth by mjr humble instrumenta- 
hly, I behold, I trust, with gratitude, 
the ^cious end for which I have 
been piifBerved. My miuidlry is well 
Bitended, even in (his prejudiced place, 
puticnhirly by the army and police. 
1 have good reason to iiope, that the 
Lard has conUnence'l the good wdt^ 
in sgoie of their hearts, their conduct 
is changed, the Lord's-day is observ- 
ed, the Itible is the object of attention, 
isd also other good buoki. I faave a 
imall useful library for the purpnse of 
lending. 

I preached the day before lost, in 
tlie barrack-room at Tomgrany ; it was 
Died with soldiers of His Majesty's 
Royal Borderers, police, some papists, 
ud some who len the popish commu- 
lion throagh the instrumentality of 
the Society. I heard the soldiers were 
greatly delighted when they were in- 
IbnMd I would preach for them, No- 
tUng could exceed the attentian of 
the whole ; and when I was done, one 
of the soldiers stepped forward, and 
most gratefully thanked me, wished 
tkey were situated nearme, and hoped 
:l'Wauld aooD come again to them. J 
preached a great deal to the niuety- 
ttnid regiment, who wer« quartered 
in those parts, are bow on their pas. 
sige to tiie West Indies, the regions 
•f peatileace and death. AVho hnow! 
hmf^ useful many of them might bi 
-Bade? oi the Lord might have beei: 
pnfnuing.Aein for tbkt country when 
Ibere is no more deatht I preaohec 
'■I^Scariff; there were a number oi 
■ihool-childreii present, who paid thi 
greatest attention. Preached las 
IJird's^day at Mount Shannon, in thi 
county of Galway ; a very large roon 
was q'owded at twenty minutes notice 
nothing could exceed their attention 
The poor p ' ' 



ugh the country. On the Loid'i- 
evering I preached at Cioowella ; 
igh the night was very wet and 
xe, several came miles through 
t and mountains to hear. I have 
an increase of happiness in preach- 
andl trust that it is what I handle, 
feel, and taste, of the word of Ood. 
iclare to others, not only by preach- 
but also by teaching, in all pos- 
e places, and oa all prudent occa- 
H, not because I think myself 
er than others, but because I am 
Bor sinner, and hope I have ob- 
ed mercy Ihiuugfa the atoning 
id and justifjing righteousness of 

he schools have done well, nnt- 
iB landing the nakedness of the 
dren, the severity of the season, 
the moat determined and perse- 
ng persecution. The children have 
mitted great qa an li ties of scripture 
lemorj. Two little females cotn- 
ted forty-eight chapters each this 
ncr to memory: those children, I 
>1, will become Lurning and shining 

I am, my dear Sir, 

Yours very truly, 

W. TnoHU. 



ArdMiree, Dee. 20, 1883, 
'.Sir, 

n consequence of my relurniag 
n the tower part of Tyrawly late 
I evening, prevented me from send- 
this letter in my Bev, friend 
Kaag's packet ; however, I hope 
I will pardon me, as I expect that 
time in the country was not mis- 
nt. I went from one village to an- 
er, endeavourinjc to banish igno- 
ce from among my countrymen and 
ow-sinners, and frequently praying 
the Father of aerey that my feebia 
would have the desiredef- 



One 



asked m 



it Iw 



td t. 



^0 tliem. A p 



acher; I told him 
od up to preach as our ministers 
, but as I expected to be saved 
nugh the merits of Christ Jesus, I 
ighted to recommend others to de- 
id on him also. He then said, that 
Protestants and preachers do not 
BW the Virgin Mary any merit: I 
d him, that we knew her to be tht 
ther of Jesus Christ, and that sha 
iulieaven.luitthatwe dare not nor- 



IKISH CHRONICLE. 



aUp ber m tfaej ilo, becmnis the Kiip- 
turei tell ui thai tbere is but one Ood, 
and one mediRtor betvreen God and 
nan, the man Jesus Christ. This aa- 
Mtlion brought on seveial olhetquea- 
tloni, which I also endeavoured to 
answer to the saliafaction of my hear- 
•r«, by applicable portions of the 
New Teataiueiit. 

There is a general stir at present 
among the people respecting religion, 
and Sxej arc resolved to search the 
aoriptures for themselves, to we whe- 
ther those things be true. As I came 
through the town of Killala, on m; 
vray to this town, an acquaintance of 
mine brought me to have a conversa- 
tiOD with a Roman Catholic that was 
at the point ot death ; and I gladly 
went and spent some time, diligently 
endeavouring to direot his attention to 
Jeaus Christ, who ia able and willing 
to save all that put their (rust in him. 
He could hardlj speak, consequently 
I was obliged to put my ear near his 
mouth, so a9 to hear his answers to 
some of my conversation. He told 
me that he depended on Jesus for his 
salvation. If this poor man's heart 
itras equal to his profession, 1 hope be 
is now in glory : he had not many 
hours to live when I parleil with him. 
Let all who confess and forsake their 
■ins, with joy receive the atonement; 
for the blood of Jesus ChisC his Son 
cleaoaeth us from all sin. Lei tried 
and afflicted believers commit their 
way unto the Lord, and their thoughts 
shall be established, for he will keep 
them in perfect peace, whose mind is 
stayed upon him, because they trust 
in him. I also put this poor man in 
mind of the thief on the croea, thai 
ivben he believed in Jeaus Christ that 
hia sins were forgiven him. 
1 remain. Rev. Sir, 

Your very humble servant. 

Our Fritnd, the Ret. Mr. Wett, nj 
Dahlin, havmg teat «» an Extrad 
from a Letter he hat receired from 
ihie venerable Di: Carey, it will lie 
gratt/ying both lo him and oar Readera 
to find U appended to aur Chrmicle, 
Calcutta, Mag 7, 1S23. 

My deal Brother West, 

I received your kind letter, and tb« 

parcels you sent me, for which accepi 

my best thanks. 



ive not forgot yon, mj dear bro- 
uid trust I never shall, 
: see by public accoants what is 
forward in India. The attempts 
in various ways by persons of 
nt denominations, are very en- 
^ng, and a degree of harmony 
aion of effort prevails among us, 

is highly encouraging. The 
las already done much for India, 
s not the same country, in a 
sense, that it was when I landed 
' thirty years ago : then all was 
ity among Europeans, and all 
itition among the Datives ; now 
r great number of Europeans in 

state fear God, and worship 
I spirit and truth. 
' superstitions and prejudices of 
itivea are gradually giving way, 
inlesB I am egregioualy deceived 
' judgment, there is an gazing 
tion for the better among them. 
gels late and. I mast close, by 
ing you that I am 

Very aS'ectionately yours, 

W. Caret. 



Jo*. 30, ISM. 
Dear Sirs, 
have received as under foe tl>e 

Ly: 

£(.<!. 

Edinburgh 103 12 S 

Glasgow 84 15 9^ 

Greenock 14 15 s| 

Newcastle 2 19 

r Friends at Eagle- 

>et Meeting, London 2 S 6 ~'- 

Anderson also purchased books 
le for a lending Library, to the 
ntof£l3; and I received for ray 

Meeting at Clonmel, £8 T*. ; 
1, with the £175 Ss. lOd. reported 
! last Chronicle, makes the total 
nt of Collections during my visits 
gland andScotlatid,£4U4 I9>.id. 
'isit is paid to Newcastle in the 
g, I hope more will be done there, 
n the vicinity. I have experienced 

friendship, and have been greatly 
lied in preaching at most places 
el stopped. The Lord be praised 
1 his guodness ! 
I am, Yours affectionately, 

Stephen Davii, 



Siib$eripHens or DonatiiiM received by WiUiata Barls, Eeq. Treasurer, 88, 
tMhIiuru; Mr. himey, 20, Harpur-ilrtet, and Mr. Pritchard, 1(1, Thomhavgh- 
tlrtet, LandoH, S(crel<i\-iet._ 



10 



MiMiomvp Heralli. 



BAPTIST MISSION. 



^mt |^rorerding£f. 



aXFOJRPSHIR^ AUXILIARY. 



On Tae^dajT, October 14, 182S, the 
Annual Meeting of the Auxiliary So- 
ciety fpr Oxfordshire, an^ Counties ad- 
jacent, was held ^t Middleion Cheney, 
Nort)kamptonshire. The Rer. John 
Mack preached in the niominjg from 
Mn TiU. 12 ; ** tarn the li^ht of the 
mwld;'' and the Rev. T. Coles in the 
evening, from Genesis xlix. 10; " The 
$feptre shaJt not depart firoih Judoh, nor 
^hiDgwer from between his feety until 
Shihh come, and unto him shall the ga- 
ikertngofthe people be.** The devo- 
tjipiial serrice^ were conducted by the 
Brethren James Hinton, Searle, Phil- 
lippp, and Gray. The meeting for 
pnbilc business was held in the after- 
noon ; George Davenport, Esq. of Ox- 
ford took the Chair. The usual Reso- 
lations were adopted. The Meeting 
expressed its tender sympaUiy with 
the Pai;eiit Society in the great loss it 
luid sustained in the death of the be- 
loved Mr. Ward, and especially felt 
its own ajQSicted situation in reference 
to the late removal of the esteemed 
Mr. Hinton. In his suggestion this 
Auxiliary originated in the year 1815, 
and it has uniformly been benefitted 
by the activity of his labours, and the 
energy of his zeal. In the midst of these 
nxramful hereavements, it is matter of 
itrilat encourag^Qient to observe the 
jCtnse is going forward ; the Mission- 
ary iuid ihe Minister in succession 
nay foUair ^each Atber to the grave, 
biitthe.c#ce of .both «hall be conti- 
xmoi wd .pecpeiipated ; '* because I 
fi»^, yg fhm Uve aUoJ* The decease 
eifoorminis^irst ^ho ha^e taken an 
ackre part in t.U« proceedings of the 
Jj^ioiMury ^ocie^iy, powerfully en- 
i^ines ifye jhD^o^^c exhorjfifitiQn of 



the Saviour, '< WhUe y« A4pe ^ \igfd, 
walk in the Ught, $M y€ mau be ,t/fe 
children of light,** 

The congregations were large, seri- 
ous, and highly interesting, and cd- 
lectio ns very good. 

W'O. 

Chipping Norton, 



Letters have beeu .receive.d 
from Mr. and Mrs. LesJijs, datcfi 
Madeira, November 24, which 
island ihey had reached three 
days before. Their voya^^e so 
(^ bad been tolerably pleasant, 
except that on the 14th they had 
been seriously alarmed by the 
cry of " fire," and for a littl^ 
time the whole ship was Qiyi 
scene of confusion and distress. 
Through the good providence of 
God, however, the fire, which 
originated iu ap accident, wa;i 
speedily extinguished ; had it oc- 
curred in the night, all on board 
might bave been, in a few mi- 
nutes, plunged into eternity ! 

At Madeira, the whole of the 
passengers were invited on shore 
by an English merchant residing 
there, and treated with the utmost 
hospitality — but the proo& of 
Popish superstition which sur- 
rounded our young friends en 
every fidfi, excited their strong 
commiseration, and served to 
strengthen their attachment 4p 
the great and glorious cause fpr 
which they have forsaken the 
land of their nativity. Both Mr. 
and Mts. Leslie are engaged in 
Studying the Q^idosi'haneie* 



90 



MISSIOHA^Y HERALD. 



iForeign gntelligemc. j 



SERAMPORIi. 



Letters have lately been re- 
ceived from Mr. Mack, dated in 
June last, containing intelligence 
from ditferent parts of India, 
-mnch of which is inserted in the 
present Number. As to the in- 
teresting sphere of his own la- 
bours, he expresses himself in the 
following candid manner : 

■ "With ourselves, I mean at Seram- 
pore, we are praying and labouring 
for success ; but are not at present 
enjoying it. A few occasional inquirers 
come to us, but we have no particular 
•, hopes respecting any of them. Still 
the labours of our Native Brethren are 
highly gratifying, and we have no 
doubt will be finally crowned with a 
blessing. Through them the gospel is 
now preached around Serampore, to 
an extent and with a regularify un- 
•precedented here ; and we endeavoar, 
in the best way we can, to prepare 
them for the work of preachers. Every 
.Thursday evening we have a con- 
'ference upon a text of importance, by 
'which means we are enabled to correct 
and enlarge their ideas, and at the 
same time become acquainted with 
their abilities, and the knowledge 
which they possess, and so understand 
how far we can confide in them as 
preachers. Several of them are men 
of superior abilities and ready ut- 
terance. On Saturday evening they 
meet at my house again, for instruc- 
tion. Something like a theological 
lecture is delivered, and then we enter 
into a free and full conversation on the 
subject. On these occasions I derive 
very great 'assistance from my dear 
friend, Mr. Williamson. He came to 
this country as a surgeon of a mer- 
chant ship, and settled in Calcutta. 
He was baptized before I came out, 
and nearly a year ago he gave up his 
situation, and devoted himself to the 
work of Ood. He has applied to the 
-Bengalee with great assiduity, and 
.has made corresponding proficiency. 
tie is employed as a teacher in the 
College, and his heart is in his work, 
lirother De Cruz, who was formerly at 
.Midnapore, is now herej and is also 
very useful. Brother Douglas left us 
just after Mr.' Ward's death, to super- 
intend an indigo factory, and at the 



same time occupy a station as a Mis- 
sionary. He took with him a promis- 
ing Nativeyonth, who had been several 
years empt^yeiin the printing-oflfice, 
and was inquiring after salvation : he 
had the pleasure of baptizing him the 
other day." 

We have great pleasure in add- 
ing the following particulars re- 
specting the progress of Female 
Education in and around Se- 
rampore. 

We have established seventeen 
schools, in which there are nearly 300 
girls. Five of the schools are in Se- 
rampore, and the rest in the adjoining 
villages. The children generally get 
on very well, and we have received 
much encouragement. We have heard 
of two respectable Natives, who 
would not send their girls to our 
schools, but have determined to have 
them educated in their own houses. 
One of them took away a very pro- 
mising girl, the daughter of one of his 
servants, from one of ouroldest schools, 
to make her his domestic governess ; 
and the other wished to have one of our 
schools brought into his compound, 
(or yard,) and then his daughters 
might attend it. To this we should have 
readily consented, but he would not 
allow our young ladies to visit it, and 
we could not think of paying the ex- 
penses of a school which we were not 
permitted to superintend. However, 
he has declared he shall have a school 
of his own ; and so much the better. 

The sum of £150 was remitted 
for the assistance of these inte- 
resting schools in November last, 
immediately on receiving ac- 
counts of their formation. 



DELHI. 



Extract of a Letter from Mr. Thompswn 
to the Brethren at Serampore, dated 

lOih May, 1S29. 

The Moosulmans continue their iQ- 
quirics, and are still very desirous 6t 
every part of our scriptures ; in some 
instances with a view to search into 
the truth of controverted points, and 
in others to strengthen themselves from 
our scriptures in the Mahomedan faith. 
Two eminent Moulvees have recently 
purchased from persons who had re- 



MlSSiONAU 

^ 

e^ired tkem gratuitously, - partB * of 
our scriptures in Persian, Arabic, and 
Hindoostanee : and one Mahometan- 
seeing an English Bible go off at an 
aaction for a trifle, purchased it, he 
said, merely because no European, 
would bid for it. Old Abdoollah 
haS) vfith great care and at his own 
expense, bound the damaged Arabic 
Bible I made him a present of, and 
carries it about in a chintz bag. — At 
the ghaut and at the chouk, persons 
have sometimes heard and questioned 
with great earnestness, entering deep- 
ly into the subjects read or discussed. 
One old man, professing to be an hun- 
dred and ten years old, no sooner found 
himself attacked on the score of his 
hialuniuical thread, than he took it off, 
and notwithstanding the remonstrance 
ofabrahmun, threw it into the river. 
The Ruveera-pun'thee, who came to 
me at Hurdwar, has visited me here 
also; but though he has visited me 
frequently, I have not been able to 
prevail on him to stay with me to be 
patiently instructed in the gospel. 
Thetooril, however, continues to be 
preached, both at the ghaut and in the 
city : and sooner or later we hope the 
frpit wUl appear. Anxious that the 
Hindoos should have the peculiarities 
of the gospel more particularly ex- 
plained, and impressed upon their 
minds, rather than their fooleries dis- 
cussed in tracts which we publish for 
them, I have commenced writing se- 
veral, in vvhich the character of our 
Lord Jesus Christ as a Saviour is par- 
ticularly set forth, his death made the 
foundation of the sinner's acceptance 
and justification, and the last command 
to preach the gospel to every creature, 
strengthened by prophecies, insisted 
upon. 



DINAGEPORE. 



m* 



BALD. 



91 



Under dateof27lh May last, 
Mr. Fernandez writes thus; 

'* I HAVE much pleasure in inform- 
ing you, that through the Divine bless- 
ing, twelve persons were baptized on 
the Lord's-day, the 4th instant, in the 
Tangan river at Sadamuhul, in the 
presance of a large number of the vil- 
lage people^ many of whom appeared 
greatly affected with the solemnity of 
the occasion ; and that on the same 
day fifty-six members sat down there 
at the Lord's Supper. 

*^ Since my last letter to •dear bro- 



ther Ward, in which I gave him a 
sketch of the state of the church here, 
three members have died ; the remain* 
der, with the twelve newly baptized 
ones, now amount to ninety-seven 
persons, from which, however, nine 
are excluded. 

^* I have a great deal of business to 
attend to the whole of the day ; I^ 
however, constantly spend the even- 
ings of the week-days in instructing 
the people. The Native Christians 
have three prayer-meetings in their 
own houses, by rotation, every week, 
viz. on Tuesday and Friday evenings, 
and the women, among themselves on 
Wednesday morning. Nidhee-ram 
spends the greater part of his time at 
Sadamuhul,' and goes out to preach in 
the neighbouring villages and markets 
twice or thrice a week. Divine service 
on the Lord's-days, both in the morn- 
ing and afternoon, is well attended. 
My school continues to prosper. The 
scholars are making pretty good pro- 
gress in their rekding, writing, &c. 
Many of them can recite the Ten 
Commandments and some of the Tracts 
by heart. They are now seventy in 
number ; but between fifty and sixty 
onlv daily attend the school. 

'' The whole of the Tracts I had 
from Serampore, two years ago, having 
been given away, I shall be glad to 
have a fresh supply sent up by the 
return of the first boat that may be dis- 
patched hence to Calcutta.' 



» 



AJIMERE. 



A Letter received from Mr. 
Jabez Carey, dated 3rd May, re- 
ports, that he had formed five 
Schools, at as many different 
towns or villages, and that the 
whole number of pupils is 261. 
These schools have been placed 
under his care by the British Go- 
vernment, with a view to improve 
the condition of the people in 
that newly acquired territory. 



SEBOLGA. 



Agreeably with the intima- 
tion in our last Number, vi^e give 
some extracts from a comniani* 



9« Mt^i^oi^m 

eatioili froin Mf. Buftoti, dkiili 
30tb January last. 

I MBNTiowftb in Tfiy last to 1)t, Rf- 
IkM, that we fbund the Battak lan- 
gaieLge very similar to the Malay. A 
more intimate acquaintance proves this 
^tnilaritv to be greater than we then 
9dpposea; so that in acquiring the 
Battak, our knowledge of Malay turns 
to excellent account. It would be 
itnpossible indeed to do any thing 
THthbut a considerable acquaintance 
with the Malay; for no European 
h&ving previously acquired the Battak, 
nor any Battak man the English, the 
0nly channel to it is through a Malay 
ihierpreter. Nor have we been aWe 
to meet with more than one person 
^ho cah read and write both Malay 
dnd Battak well. Thi^ is a Malay 
priest, who lives about ten miles from 
Sebol^i, a very able man, thoroughly 
acquainted with the Battak laws, 
customs, &c. and capable of affording 
MB much aid ; but being a merchant as 
well as a priest, and residing at such a 
distance from us, we have not been 
ible to prevail upon him to spend 
more than four or five days in the 
month with us, for which we pay him 
ten dollars. 

My first object was to collect a 
tiiiinber of the most common words, 
kai form for my own use an English 
and Battak Vocabulary. This collec- 
tion now consists of about 1500 words, 
or rather roots, alphabetically ar- 
ranged ; and the Battaks and Malays 
observing ike same rules in the for- 
mation of their derivatives, and the 
prefixes and affixes being mostly the 
same in both languages, I can form 
from these i;nany hundreds more. 
Thus furnished, I have begun trans- 
lating portions of scripture, which I 
hope another day to have printed, 
ana to circulate in the form of small 
tracts. " The History of the Crea- 
don," including the first chapter of 
Genesis, and the first] six verses 
6f the second chapter is finished. 
BHt though I have bestowed coasi- 
<|erable attention and care upon 
it, having corrected it many times, 
and written it all out thrice, yet I 
shall, no doubt, be able to improve it 
much twelve months hence. It is 
pleasing to know, however, that the 
natives understand it in its pre5ent 
imperfect state ; an evidence of which 
we have in the interest it has excited 
in the mind of our Rajah. He came 
to viftit us when it was about half 
IHiished, und read this t>art oTer twire 



tfliflALD. 

with much attention, a^&itft mt»f 
questions upon it, dnd itbont the book, 
of which it wa^ a part. The next tiiu^ 
he visited tls he said, 'The f)eoj>1e lit 
home say, t am deranged.* Why? 
< IV hat I read here the other day, »o 
got into my head that I could not ne]{» 
repeating it aloud all the day long, 
aiid also at night in hiy sleep, so that 
the women say I am mad.* When 
finished, (proceeds Mr. B.) I took It to 
the dnun, or market, which is held 
here every fourth day, and endeavour- 
ed to read it to the people assembled ; 
but I soon found this was impossible. 
It was such a novel thing to hear nn 
European read Battak, that my voice 
was quickly drowned in the din of 
shouts and laughter; and I thotlght 
it best to retire, not doubting that 
they would be more composed another 
day. The Rajah requested that when 
any of the Toba people came down 
from the mountains, I would lend it 
to him, to shew them. Two days 
since he came to request me to make 
him a copy, that he might read it to 
his people in the dusum (or market 
house) in the evening. 

A second Tract may include the 
remainder of the second chapter of 
Genesis, and be entitled " An Account 
of Man's Happy State ;" and a third 
Tract the third chapter, " The Fall of 
Man.*' These may be followed by a 
Translation of the Commandments, 
and a Tract on the Way of Sal- 
vation, &c. 

It is a very pleasing and encourag- 
ing circumstance, that so many of 
these people are able to read ; yet in 
twenty cases to one, as far as our 
observation goes, it is in such a piti- 
able way, that it only excites surprise 
that they can understand any thing of 
what they read. Their alphabet is 
peculiarly simple, which may account 
for so many of them learning it ; but 
their knowledge of letters is in a great 
majority of instances limited to this 
acquisition. Their hooka are all 
small, written on the bark of a tree, 
and most that we have yet met with, 
treating of lUcky and vnlueky days, 
and kneans fbr making an attack upon 
an enemy, or frustrating his plans; 
teiserably destitute, of course, of 
every thing calculated to improve the 
mind, or give to the youth a relish for 
readltig. A book, therefore, of larger 
diraensioBS than the Tracts named 
above, Would not, I think, be read by 
these people Sn their present state — 
certainly not till they become in 86m e 
measure ftttniliar with the most pto- 



MlSftlOllJIR 



Bdntttt of th« impcMrtaiit ideai, so to 
ttUy ftew to them, which we wish to 
eommnaicate. 

Ottf friendf in England can form 
bdt ii Mni id^a how thick and grost 
the datknMs is, with which these peo- 
ple itt emphatically covered. It is 
reaihf Hurpriiiag with what perfect 
i^ortttoe of every thing beyond the 
nere tieinity of their birth-place, they 
cin past through the world ; and as 
to another world, their minds present 
a ^rfeot blank. To our questions 
apon this subject, we have usually 
reoeifed such answers as the follow- 
iA|>— *' When we die, there is an end 
of ns, perhaps our souls become jins, 
(d^ls) and fly about in the air for a 
tune, and then perish! who knows? 
The earth for any thing we know, will 
exist for ever." I cannot yet discover 
that they offer sacrifices to any class 
of beings. They invoke all the jins 
in a body, and tiie spirits of their an- 
cestors — of departed teachers or con- 
jurors — of Naga, the fkbled serpent 
of the Hindoos — and of all the rich 
men in the world, dead and living, 
to assist them in seeking gold, rice, 
clothes, &c. A funeral is always 
welcomed for the good things attend- 
ing it ; as it is a time of great feasting 
when the relations of the deceased 
always kill as many buffkloes, or hogs, 
as their circumstances will admit, and 
after the interment, suspend the heads 
of these animals, with some rice and 
water, near the grave, that the depart- 
ed spirit, in visiting the body, may be 
gratified by seeing the respect done 
to his memory,, and (should it need 
mch elements) take some refreshment. 
The body is never interred till the 
feasting is ended ; in consequence of 
which, a Rajah is sometimes pre- 
served ^bove ground three months ! 
They suppose tiiat the spirit may at 
any time be called to the grave by 
beat of gong ; and accordingly, at 
Certain perio«ls assemble at the grave 
in great numbers for this purpose. 
After much dancing, &c. one of the 
near relations of the deceased sup- 
poses, or pretends to suppose, that he 
is possessed by the spirit of the de- 
parted, and being no longer himself, 
becomes identified with him. In this 
new character, he tells the multitude 
tluU he is come to meet them from his 
wanderings in the air^tluit he wants 
to eat bnflalo and rice— to drink ar- 
mek, and to obtain a new suit of 
dothea, all of which are immediately 
given lo him ! After some time, the 



R 



BALD. 



93 



^ mind daring thia possession, bo 
replies, that he had no longer his ovm 
thoughts, and that he knows nothing 
about it. One would think it impossi- 
ble that so gross a deception as this 
could be practised with effect upon any 
but the very young, yet they all pretend 
to believe it. Though they look upon 
Satan as the head of their jins, their 
estimation of his intellect is miserably 
mean, as may be judged from the ease 
with which they suppose him to be 
deceived. When a person becomes 
exceedingly ill, so that his relations 
are apprehensive of his death, or, (what 
in their estimation is the same thing,) 
that Satan is about to take him, it is 
common for them to dress up an image, 
and take it to the door at night, when 
they suppose the Prince of the Power 
of the Air is about to enter, and accost 
him in some such terms as these: 
** Ah, Satan ! are you coming to take 
away our friend, and distress as? 
Well, if you will have him — there he 
is (throwing out the image,) take him 
away." Should the sick man after 
this recover, tkey fully beUete that they 
have thus succeeded in cheating the 
devil ! Alas ! they have never been 
visited by the day-spring from on high ; . 
and does not darkness here cover the 
earth, and gross darkness this people ? 
From seeing what these people do not 
know, we are strongly reminded how 
great are our oUigations for that 
blessed gospel which brings '^ life and 
immortality to light," and of the duty 
incumbent upon us — to diffuse, as 
widely as possible amengst our be- 
nighted fellow-men, this glorious light 
from heaven. 



AMERICAN BAPTIST 
MISSIO^ARY SOCIETY. 



Some interesting intelfrgence 
respecting the Mission^ in the 
Biirman Empire, carried on by 
our American brethren, has late- 
ly reached us. It appears very 
probable, that the removal of 
Mr. Judson, and Dr. Price t0 
Ava, will be overruled for good» 
The following particulars are Ex- 
tracted from Mr. Judson's Joiir- 
nals. 

The Missionaries left Rangoon on 
the 36th of August, (1822) and readi- 
ed Ava on the 27th of September, 
spirit departs, and he ia left himself, i They wpere immediately introduced to 
If he be questioned abotit whfct passed yie yny^ and Dr. Price was received 



94 



M18S10 




very graciously. Though Mr. Jnda&H 
appeared before him almost every day, 
the king did not notice him until Octo- 
ber 1 : on that day, being in the royal 
presence, the king said to Mr. Judsou, 
*' And you, in black, what are you ? a 
medical man, too ?*' **■ Not a medical 
man, but a teacher of religion, your 
majesty.'' The king asked him if any 
had embraced his religion ; to which 
Mr. Judson replied in the affirmative ; 
and the king asked him many ques- 
tions, on religion, geography, and as- 
tronomy. Mr. Judson had further 
conversation with a royal secretary, 
and other persons attached to the 
court ; upon the close of which he ob- 
serves, '^ Thanks be to God for the 
encouragement of this day. The 
monarch of the empire has cUstinctly 
understood that some of his subjects 
have embraced the christian religion, 
and his wrath has been restrained." 

Oct. 4. Prince M. eldest half-bro- 
ther of the king, sent for Mr. Judson. 
**■ He is a fine young man of twenty- 
eight, but greatly disfigured by a 
paralytic affection of the arms and 
legs. Being cut off from the usual 
sources of amusement, and having as- 
sociated a little with the Portuguese 
padres, who have lived at A va, he has 
acquired a strong taste for foreign 
science. My communications interest- 
ed him very much, and I found it dif- 
ficult to get away, until brother Price 
sent expressly for me to go again to 
the palace.'' 

Mr. Judson had frequent conversa- 
tions with court ofilcers on religion, 
some of whom manifested a spirit of 
candour and free inquiry, which great- 
ly encouraged him. On the 21st he 
had an hour's uninterrupted conversa- 
tion with Prince M. " But I am sorry 
to find, that he is rather amused with 
the information I give him, than dis- 
posed to consider it a matter of per- 
sonal concern. I presented him with 
a tract, which he received as a favour; 
and finally I ventured to ask 
liim, whether Burman subjects, who 
should consider and embrace the 
christian religion, would be liable to 
persecution." He replied, "Not under 
the reign of my brother. He has a 
good heart, and wishes all to believe 
an(^ worship as they please.'' 

23. Had some pleasant conversation 
with Moung Z — in the palace, partly 
in the hearing of the king. At length 
his majesty came forward, and honour- 
ed me with some personal notice for 
the second time, inquired much about 
my country, and authorized me to in- 
rite American ships to his dominiond, 



BKALll. 

assuring them of protection, and offer- 
ing every facility for the purposes of 
trade. 

28. Spent the forenoon with Prince 
M — . He obtained for the first time, 
(though I have explained it to him 
many times,) some view of the nature 
of the atonement, and cried out ''good, 
good." He then proposed a number 
of objections, which I removed to hit 
apparent satisfaction. Our subsequent 
conversation turned, as usual, on 
points of geography and astronomy. 
He candidly acknowledged that he 
could not resist my arguments In fa- 
vour of the Copernican system ; and 
that, if he admitted them ; he must 
also admit that the Boodhist system 
was overthrown. In the afternoon, 
visited Prince T — . A hopeless case, 

Mr. Judson, on a visit to Prince M — , 
gave his wife, the Princess T. (own 
sister to the king) a copy of Mrs. Jud- 
son 's Burman Catechism, with which 
she seemed much pleased. They both 
treated him kindly, and told him to 
invite his wife to Ava. 

From atwenwoon K — and the Tset- 
kyah-woongyee,* he received marked 
attention, and with the former held a 
conversation on religion. At a second 
interview with Prince M — and his 
wife, he made a more full disclosure 
of the christian religion. 



AMERICA. 

An interesting periodical work, 
published in New York, contains 
a * Narrative of the stale of reli- 
gion within the bounds of the 
Synod of New York and New Jer- 
sey,' from which, notwithstand- 

* The woongyees, of which - there 
are four, rank next to the members of 
the royal family, being public ministers 
of state, and forming the high court of 
the * empire. The atwenwoons, of 
which there are six or seven, may be 
termed private ministers of state^ form- 
ing the privy council of the king. 
Next in rank to the woongyees are the 
woondouks, assistants or deputies of 
the woongyees. The subordinate offi- 
cers, both of the palace and of the 
high court, are quite innumerable. 

According to the public registers, 
40,000 houses have removed from Ah- 
mah-rah-pore to Ava, the new capital, 
and that 30,000 remain. The iiur- 
mans reckon ten persons, great and 
small,to a house, which gives 700.000 
for the whole population of the metr<)- 
polis of Burmah. 



MISSION 



ing the icantiness of our limits,' 
we shall make an extract for the 
gratification of our readers. 

In several churches under the care 
of the Presbytery of New York, there 
are very promising symptoms ; especi- 
ally in the city of New York, the aspect 
of the churches is peculiarly flattering. 
In those of Broome-street, Vande- 
water-street, Rose-street, Corlaer's- 
Hook, the Bowery, and especially 
Wall-street, there has been consider- 
able excitement, and encouraging ad- 
ditions have been made to the com- 
mnnion of the church. Spring-street 
church has experienced ah effusion of 
the Holy Spirit within the last year ; 
and as tiie fruits and evidences of this 
good work, the names of fifty-two 
have been re^stered among the people 
of God. The Brick church has wit- 
nessed, again, the descent of the Holy 
Ghost, in his quickening, enlightening, 
8anctifyinsc, and comforting influences. 
While Christ's professed disciples 
have come valiantly, with one accord, 
to the help of the Lord, more than one 
hundred from the world have, during 
the past year, it is supposed, been 
made willing in the day of his power. 
The Orange-street church, also, has 
been favoured with a revival of religion. 
That afflicted city, chastised as it is 
by the scourge of heaven, may sing of 
mercy as well as of judgment. It 
would seem as if God proclaimed to 
it aloud from heaven, The day of ven- 
geance is in my heart, and the year 
of my redeemed is come. 




RALB. 



95 



ithiu the limits of the Presbytery 
of Jersey, the churches of Paterson 
and Rockaway have each experienced 
a partial outpouring of the Spirit of 
God. The church of Chatham^ since 
last November, has shared abundantly 
in the gracious influence of a gradual 
and powerful work of God, which has 
resulted in the increased holiness of 
God*s people, and an addition to their 
number of seventy-seven new mem- 
bers. Since the opening of spring, the 
great Head of the church has conde- 
scended to visit Morristown in the 
multitude of his mercies. He spake 
in power, his disciples heard his 
awakening voice, and came forth to 
meet their Lord. The dead also heard 
and lived ; and one hundred and 
twenty have already been added to the 
church. ^^ This is the Lord's doing, 
and it is marvellous in our eyes." 

From the reports of the Presbytery 
of New-Brunswick it appears, that 
there is among the students of Nassau 
Hall an increasing spirit of benevo- 
lence manifested, in the vigorous ope- 
ration of their Bible, Tract, and 
Education Societies — a spirit which 
the Synod devoutly wish may never 
decline, and which they canpot too 
highly commend. The Theological 
Seminary at Princeton is still in a 
flourishing state, and the stndents are 
generally distinguished by unwearied 
diligence in the prosecution of their 
studies, exemplary piety, unexcep- 
tionable morals, and a habitual readi- 
ness to spend and be spent for ('hrist 
and his church. 



(^mtributions received by the Treasurer of the Baptist Missionary Society, from 
December 20, 1823, to January 20, 1824, not including Individual Subscriptions. 

FOR THE MISSION. £ s. d, 

Oxfordshire Auxiliary Society, by Rev. W. Gray, viz :— 

Abingdon 61 5 Fairford 6 

Alcester 9 10 Faringdon 3 19 

Banbury 2 12 .6 Hooknorton 9 9 

Blockley 10 15 6 Middleton Cheney . • 24 

Bourton 18 17 lOJ Naunton 1 



Oxford. 
Shipston K' 

Stow 

Witney ••' 



14 13 
3 9 
2 
2 14 






7 


G 

G 



Burford 8 15 3 

Chipping Norton 30 18 4 
Cirencester • • • - 16 2 10 
Coate, Bampton, 

&c 17 2 6 

Nairnshire, Society for propagating the gospel, by Rev.W. Barclay 

Newbury, Balance of Collection, &c. by Rev. T. Welsh 

Weymoutii, Subscriptfons, by Rev. W. Hawkins 

Northampton, Auxiliary Missionary Society, (including £l 5s, 

from a few Young Persons) - 

West Yorkshire Assistant Society, by Michael Thackrey, Esq. 

Bramley 9 

Horsforth 2 

^ ' Leeili • 64 14 7 



242 
5 
7 

7 

20 






7 
G 




G 

8 



66 14 7 - 



Od MlSSlQUaBt N&HALP. 




qiiptton, ColkcUoD- by Rer. Jobs' 

Lookwood, ntAr Hii4clerdield, CoU^^llon and Subseriptioni bj 
RcT. James Aston 

Southampton, CdLkeiion and Subscriptionfl, by E«t. B. H. Draper 

BinBipgham, Auxiliaiy Society, by Mr. Tbomaa King : 

Birmui}(biam $ 13 

Cradley 6 3 

Dudley 14 \9 



£ 


t. 


^ 


n 


.♦ 


V 


3 


11 





11 


5 






'JJ 



HarleyHall 6 



- 41 1$ ip 

Edinborgb, Sundries, by Rev. W. Imies ••• 34 7 

Inrine, Sundriei, by Rer. George Barclay 2 14 9 

Stioe-Lane, Sunday-flchool Boys * 10 ^^ 

A Friend, by Mr. Wataon, Cw^t F^fi Donation SO 

Rer. Miles Oddy, Howarih Donation 10 f 

Aliqnis, by ReF. Janes Hoby , Donation 1 I . 

Glasgow, Anxiliary Society, by Mr. James Deakin : 

Mission 03 6 7 

Translations 212 14 6 

Schools 24 4 

College 110 



331 « t 



indudJDg the Allowing Donations from various Societies : 

St. John's Pariah, Association, by Mr. P. 

Falconer 13 d 3 

Association of Theological Students in the Uiai- 
versity of Glasgow, by Mr. D. Macfarlane 6 

GreenodL, Auxiliary Society, by Mr. Ker 10 

Greenock, Port Glasgow, and West Renfrew 

Bible Society, by Mr. R. D. Ker 10 

Oovan and Partick, Society for Religious Pur- 
poses, by Mr. FuUurtoo 10 

Glasgow, Female Aasodation for Oriental 
IVanslations (Two Donations) 41 4 6 

Paisley, Auxiliajj Bible Society, by Mr. Sym- 
ington • 10 9 

Dumbarton, Anxiliary Btt>le and Missionary 
Society, by Mr. Latter 5 

Oieenock, Female Afissionary Association. . . ^ 15 

Youth's Bible and Missionary Society, Rey. 

Mr. Barr's Relief Church, Glasgow 7 10 

Baptist Church, Storie-street, Paisley, by Mr. 
Watson 2 

Fenny Association, In Rev. Messrs. Kidstone 
and Brash's Congregation, Glasgow • 5 

TRANSLATIONS 

Berwick on Tweed, Baptist Church, by Rev. W. Innes 10 # 

East Lothian, Bible Society, by Ditto 35 • # 

Beith, Auxiliary Sodety, &c. by Rev. G. Barclay 8 0. 

Saltcoats, Female Bible Society, by Ditto 5 

Kilwinning, Bible Society, by Ditto 3 13 10 

Anonymous, to the Secniary, by Two Penny Post (5350) ... 10 

^< ThankKiffering for Mercies received," by Mrs. B. Shaw 2 

SCHOOLS. 
Leith, Juvenile Bible and Missionary Society, by Rev. W. Innes 5 t # 

FEMALE EDUCATION. 

Lockvrood,near HnddenfiekUFemale Friends, by Mrs. Wittelt 21 9 Jl 

Edinburgh, Female Friends, by Mrs. Mack 13 

Ditto byMrs-Innes U J § 



J. BAHnCW, Primer, 91, Wardoar^llieet, Sehe. 



If. 



l^upU&t =SVi»tiJi^int* 



MARCH, 1824. 



BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE DEATH OF THE 

REV. W. TURNBULL: 

A Sketch of his Funeral Sermon, preached December 24, 1823, 

by the Rev, J, Ryland^ t},Dfi 



You are aware, my dear friends, 
that it has pleased God to re- 
n^ove one of the students in the 
Academy, whom you have re- 
peatedly heard in this pulpit, and 
whoni you n^ust, I am persuaded, 
Iiave considered as possessing 
very hopeful talents for the work of 
the ministry, to which he had de- 
voted himself, I doubt not from 
tbe purest motives. His eminent 
piety, his diligent application, his 
progress in literature, his humble 
9Dd unassuming deportment; his 
fcrfeut piety, and habitual seri- 
^sness, recommended him to 
the esteem of his tutors, and the 
affection of all his fellow-students ; 
while, between two of them and 
himself, who were fellow-members 
of the same church, there was a 
hrotherly affection of a peculiarly 
endearing kind, which they mani- 
fested by the most assiduous at- 
tention iluring his long protracted 
affliction. 

By one of them I have been in- 
formed that he was a native of 
Edinburgh, where his father and 
i&other are yet living, with five 
listers and a brother. By them 
he was exceedingly beloved ; and 
Bo wonder, for he was a roost 
dutiful son, and most affection- 
Me brother; though, in conse- 



quence of his conscientious 
change of sentiments, and his 
subsequent entrance on the Chris- 
tian ministry, he was obliged to 
resign a situation which had en- 
abled him to lend them consider- 
able assistance. 

Mr. Wm. TurnbuU was brought 
to the knowledge of the truth by 
the instrumentality of the Rev. 
Christopher Anderson; and about 
eight years ago he proposed him- 
self to unite with his church. 
Mr. Anderson being then unwell, 
Mr. Turn bull was baptized by 
Mr. Howard Hinton, now at 
Reading, but then at Edinburgh. 
In that church he*was highly es- 
teemed for his piety, prudence, 
and humility, as well as for his 
cordial benevolence, and the uni- 
form kindness of his deportment. 
Under their sanction he was 
sent to preach in the neighbour- 
hood of Edinburgh, for about a 
year and a half, previous to his 
being recommended to this Aca- 
demy, into which he was admit- 
ted August, 1821. 

The affliction, which terminated 
in his death, it is probable, com- 
menced about twelve months ago. 
His health appeared precarious 
in last spring; on which account 
he was seldom sent out to preach. 



* This iarticle arrived too late for insertion in our last ; and, by an oversight, 
Wfts forgotten to be acknowledged.— £d, 

VOI*. XVI. L 



98 ACCOUNT Qk* 

as he found liimdelf scarcely able 
to deliver. tWQ sermons without 
sensible injury. He looked for- 
ward with pleasure to the last va- 
cation, and hoped that a visit to 
his native land would be the 
means of re-establishing his 
health ; while he anticipated much 
pleasure from an interview with 
his beloved relatives, and his 
Christian friends. 

But he found the journey very 
fatiguing, and the weather prov- 
ing very unfavourable, he derived 
more harm than benefit from re- 
moving to a colder climate ; and 
he preached too much for his 
constitution at Edinburgh ; after 
which he went to Glasgow, to 
supply a destitute church, when 
the weather was peculiarly wet 
and stormy. He there preached 
three times on the LordVday, 
and delivered an address on 
Monday evening, which was the 
last time of his speaking in pub- 
lic, and brought on an inflamma- 
tory attack, from which he never 
completely recovered. He indeed 
hoped, as well as others, that his 
disorder was likely soon to sub- 
side, and expected the voyage 
back, and a return to a warmer 
climatB, would remove his com- 
plaint. The surgeon at Glasgow 
never seemed to think his lungs 
were affected, though some of 
his friends wished him not to re- 
turn to his studies. He himself, 
however, was eager to come back 
to the Academy; but again he 
found the voyage increase his 
weakness : and though he re- 
sumed his studies with pleasure, 
yet his illneis obliged him ere 
long,, though with much reluct- 
ance, to give them up. During 
his long and gradual decline, his 
whole def;Qeanour was very exem- 
plary, and delightful to his con- 
stant compaYiions. It was obvi- 
ous that in the bcgijining of his 



THE DEATH 



iflness be clung to life, bot this 
arose from the nature of hi^ dis- 
ease, and from that love of life, 
which is wisely implanted in our 
nature ; but he discovered little 
or nothing of the fear of death. 
When his kind medical attendant 
thought it best to suggest that 
the symptoms of his disease were 
serious, and led him to forbode 
that he would not recover, he re- 
ceived the intelligence with per- 
fect self-possession and resigna- 
tion. When his affectionate fel- 
low-student asked if he was afraid 
to die, he said expressively, ** No, 
never since he had believed in 
Jesus." He was not tired of life, 
but desired to be resigned to the 
will of his Heavenly Father. And 
it ought to be noticed, that it was 
not life itself to which he clung, 
but the great object to which he 
had devoted his life — the glory 
of God in the salvation of sinners : 
on this his heart was so eagerly 
set, that even the hope of per- 
sonal happiness in heaven could 
not induce him at once to give it 
up, without a kind of regret. He 
indulged the hope of a different 
mode of promoting the glory of 
God in this world, to what would 
be enjoyed in heaven itself. 

At the same time, he never dis- 
covered any uneasiness in the 
prospect of death, nor did he, in 
all his affliction, utter a murmur- 
ing word, but shewed the utmost 
gratitude for all the attention paid 
him. He had some expectation 
that God might still raise him up» 
till the last six weeks, when he 
found himself sinking apace; but 
though his mind was then full of 
the thought of eternity, yet he 
had no appalling apprehensions*, 
He said he could venture into 
eternity, relying solely on the me- 
rits of his Redeemer. Sometimes, 
when conversing with his most 
intimate friends, he would shed 



OP TUB REV. WH. TURNBtLL. 



90 



tears $ but when 6ne of tliem ex- 
pressed bis regret st being left in 
a world full of sio and temptdtion, 
witfaottt tbe benefit of bis friend- 
ship, be replied, '* God will be 
^ottr firiend/' 

After be bad given up the hope 
of recovery, be wrote a very seri- 
ous and beautiM letter to his re- 
lationsy though his weaki^^ss was 
so great that he conld not finish 
k but at three difF[;rent times. 

At the first sitting, he said to 
his bosom friend, ''I must speak 
to them about their souls, what 
shall I say V He was much af- 
fected at this time, and at tiie 
subsequent sittings added ^uch 
fiiithfui and affectionate counsel, 
closing his letter with the solemn 
charge, ** Prepare to meet thy 
God." The last words he ever 
wrote. 

Toward the end of his afflic- 
tion, his weakness caused his 
nind to wander; but even then 
it was evidently employed on hea- 
venly subjects. Once, when his 
friend was about to pray with 
him, he charged him to request, 
that bis lucid moments might be 
dbtinguisbed for spirituality ; that 
he might be delivered from the 
evil suggestions of Satan and his 
own heart; that he might have 
patience to endure without mur- 
muring ; that his mind might be 
occupied with the love of God, 
as manifested in Christ : and that, 
when it pleased the Aknighty, he 
might be liberated from all his 
weakness and sin, and admitted 
into the purity and felicity of 
heaven. 

One of his fellow-students go- 
ing in, and asking him how he 
did, he looked at him earnestly, 
and said these three words, 
** Oaths, Promises, Blood/* His 
friend said, *' I suppose you 
aiean the promises of God, which 
ate all Yea and Amen in Christ." 



He replied with energy, " Vcs, I 
know of no other." He then 
quoted that passage, *^ God, be- 
cause he could swear by no 
greater, sware by himself;" add- 
ing, <* Why did he swear? there 
could be no necessity for him to 
swear," — intimating his sense of 
God's infinite condescension iii 
so doing. He then asked him if 
he was going to preach; and being 
answered in the affirmative, said^ 
*' May an nnction from above 
rest upon yon ; for without that 
it will be of no use." 

Dec. to. He was overheard 
praying, " O Lord have mercy 
upon me, in my present weak 
and helpless condition. Let my 
passage to heaven be mitigated, 
and may I not be so pained with 
the cough, if it be thy holy will. 
I anr> a poor, weak, helpless 
creature, but I commit myself to 
thee, O Lord ; all the days of my 
appointed time will I wait. Bless 
my two brethren, and may their 
souls flourbh before thee. O 
Lord, if it be thy holy will, may I 
be trarislated this evening from 
this wicked world to thine eternal 
kingdom, where there is no sor- 
row, for Jesus Christ's sake. 
Amen." 

Dec. 12. His intimate friend 
heard him praying thus ; *' Father 
of mercies, have mercy on me, 2i 
poor, weak, helpless creature, and 
grant that my faith may not fail ; 
but if it be thy will, take me to 
thyself this night. O Lord be 
with me, and grant that thy praise 
may be continually in my mouth. 
Bless my father and my mother, 
and my brethren, and all that are 
present, and all that are absent. 
Bless us all for Jesus' sake. 
Amen and Amen." 

14th, Lord's-day. The day 
before he died, he prayed, *' O 
Lord! thou art the maker and 
governor of the minds of all the 

L 2 



100 



ACCOUNT 0» THE. DEATH 



chOdren of men. Thou art the 
one living and true God. May I 
cleave to this trnth that there is 
one God, and one Mediator be- 
tween God and man, the man 
Christ Jesus our Saviour. Let 
not, O Lord, I beseech thee, my 
foolish heart depart from thee in 
all my reveries, for Jesus' sake. 
Amen." 

15th, Monday, he died* He 
lay without speaking above two 
tiours, and then his spirit depart- 
ed to be with his beloved Lord, 
in the gentlest and most peaceful 
manner, without a struggle or a 
groan ; so that they who stood by 
scarcely were aware when he 
breathed his last. 

Thus died this excellent young 
man, when just turned of twenty- 
eight. He had no extraordinary 
raptures ; but his mind was 
kept in constant peace, and 
Lis whole deportment ever since 
I knew him, and for years before, 
(as I am satisfied by the testimony 
of his worthy pastor, and other 
friends,) evinced that in simplici- 
ty and in godly sincerity, not with 
fleshly wisdom, but by the grace 
of God, his whole conversation 
was regulated. 

Our hopes of his usefulness in 
the church of God have been 
disappointed; but his hopes 
of happiness in the presence 
of the Lord have been ex- 
ceeded : and we must acquiesce 
{a the divine will, knowing the 
truth of that passage which I 
have selected for the improve- 
ment of this solemn providence 
— <' Precious in the sight of the 
Lord is the death of his saints." 
Psalm cxvi. 15. The author of 
this psalm is not specified ; many 
have ascribed it to David, but 
Venema is of opinion that it was 
composed later, even as late as 
the time of the Maccabees. Be 
that as it may, the sentiment in 



the text is equally worthy of our 
regard, whoever it was that first 
expressed it in writing. 

But, before we attempt to ex- 
plain the principal truth in the 
text, we must 

1. Notice some important 
truths implied in the language. 

God has a people that are 
called his saints ; a people that 
he has separated from the world 
and set apart for himself, having 
a gracious and glorious object in 
view, for which he here begins to 
fit and prepare them. Psalm iv. 
3. *' Know ye, that the Lord 
hath set apart him that is godly 
for himself." Gal. i. 15, and part 
of 16. *' It pleased God, who se- 
parated me from my mother's 
womb, and called me by his 
grace, to reveal his Son in me." 
Is. xliv. 21. " This people have I 
formed for myself, they shall 
shew forth my praise." 

The term commonly rendered 
saints in the Old Testament de- 
notes persons who are separated 
and set apart for sacred pur- 
poses. That in the text denotes 
their being the objects and sub- 
jects of mercy. 

But, though God has shewn to 
them his distinguishing mercy, 
and set them apart for himself; 
and renewed and sanctified them 
by his Spirit, and appointed them 
not to wrath, but to obtain salva- 
tion and eternal life, viewing 
them as his peculiar people, 
whom he hath made "Kings and 
Priests ;" yet he has not exempt- 
ed them from the troubles of 
life, nor from the stroke of death : 
nor has he made any visible dis- 
crimination between them and 
others as to the termination of 
life, nor the external circum- 
stances of death. Their death 
may be as painful, either by dis- 
ease, by accident, by violent 
hands, or by cruel persecutors 



OF THE REV. WM. TURNBOLL. 



lot 



It may take place by a sud- 
den stroke, or by pining sick- 
ness, or a lingering protracted 
disease. 

They may be removed in the 
midst of their usefulness, before 
we skoulcL have supposed their 
work was half ended : or removed 
still earlier, before they have well 
entered on the work for which 
God appeared to have prepared 
and fitted them, and on which 
their hearts were greatly set.* 

Their bodies turn first to pu- 
trefaction, and then to dust. 
They have no present marks of 
sonship. They are sown in dis- 
honour, corruption, and weak- 
uess. Yet let us 

2« Consider the consolatory 
truth asserted in th^ text. ** Pre- 
cious ip the eyes of the Lord is 
the death of his saints." 

God has not thus doomed 
them to die like other men, be- 
cause he is indifferent to their 
welfiire ; nor through any defect 
in his love towards them : but^ all 
that concerns them is directed by 
ittfioite faithfulness, wisdom, and 
goodness. 

There is a wide difference be- 
tween the wicked and the righte- 
ous in their death. The former 
shall be plucked up like weeds 
to be cast out of the Garden of 
God, and thrown into unquench- 
ahle lire ; the latter are carefully 
transplanted, like favorite flowers, 
into a better garden, where no 
frost shall nip them, no drought 
make them wither, no sun scorch 
them, no unwholesome wind shall 
blast them, no noxious insect in- 
jure them. They hope for a 
more genial climate, where their 
blossoms shall unfold and retain 

•The Doctor here referred to the 
premature deaths of some eminent ser- 
vants of Christ, viz. James the brother 
of John, Stephen the proto-martyr. 
King Edtvard VI. Pearce of Birming- 
ham, Spencer of Liverpool, and the 
subject of the sermon. 



their beauty for ever ; their fruit 
ripen and endure to eternity. 

God could have ordmd it 
otherwise, if he had pleased ; nor 
has he subjected his people to 
death without wise and weighty 
reasons ; but it is evidently best 
suited to a state of trial, that one 
event should happen alike to all. 

He could have translated all 
his people, like Enoch and Elijah ; 
but he has seen tit to order it 
otherwise, and has more reasons 
than we can guess at for so 
doing. 

But we are sure that the season 
of affliction and the hour of death 
is a precious season for him to 
shew his faithfulness and alt- 
sufficiency. " When thou passest 
through the waters I will be with 
thee, the floods shall not overflow 
thee; and when thou walkest 
through the fire, thou shaft not 
be burned, neither shall the flame 
kindle upon thee.'' Isai. xliii. 2. 
*' He will swallow up death in 
victory.'^ It is a precious oppor^ 
tunity for them to shew, under 
the influence of his Spirit, the 
reality of their Religion, the power- 
ful influence of the gospel, th^ 
strength of their faith in Christ, 
and of their lively hope of a bless- 
ed immortality ; and also to ho- 
nour God by submission and re* 
signation to his holy will. 

We see that hope is like an 
anchor to the soul, firm and 
steadfast. They can confide in 
the divine word. '' Having this 
hope, I am not afraid to plunge 
into eternity," said brother Fuller. 
They believe uivisible realities, 
they trust in the divine all-suffi- 
ciency, they rely on Christ's me-* 
diation, for them, the forerunner 
has entered within the veil. *^ I 
go before to prepare a place for 
you, and I will receive you to 
myself." They know whom they- 
have trusted, and are persuaded 
he is able to keep the precious 



102 ACCOUNT or THE DEATH OF BEV. W. TURNBUJLL. 



deposit they have consigned to 
his bands. ** I know that my 
Kedeemer liveth/' &c. 

If believers were never remov- 
ed till after a considerable period 
of active service, they would not 
seem to be under so pressing a 
necessity of being always ready, 
always in the attitude of servants 
waiting for their master's coming. 

It is best that every thing 
should be uncertain, but the word 
of God ; that believers may 
ahow how greatly they regard it) 
how firmly they believe it. 

The death of James, added 
weight to the testimony of the 
other apostles, when it was shewn 
that they persevered in bearing 
witness to their Lord at the risk 
of their lives. How did the 
mdrtyrs in subsequent times 
honour God ; bow did God glo- 
rify himself in supporting them. 
And others show their love to the 
Lord in consecrating their talents 
to kim, without any promise of 
lone life, or of exemption from 
sufferings and death, 
. And how should we all work 
while it is called to day, since 
4he jaight cometb, when no man 
can work. We know the length 
of kiatural days at all seasons of 
the year. In proportion as the 
aun: rises before noon, so will it 
aet after noon; but no one knows 
how long the day of life may be, 
or how soon it will end>. 

If God gives a man singular 
grlce and gifts, it may be to fit 
him for long and much useful- 
ness, or it may be to prepare 
him for an early removal to hea- 
ven. However, he that is infi< 
nitely wise and kind, will deter- 
mine this. We may foe spared, 
not because we are more tisefu}, 
certainly not because we are more 
necessary to our Lord, but bt^ 
cause we are less ready for re- 
ikioiiFal, Death shall end the be- 



liever's sufferings, sorrows, and 
conflicts. '* Precious in the sight 
of the Lord, is the death of bis 
saints." At death he makes the 
spirits of the just perfect, he 
takes them to be with himself. 
He loves to have them with him. 

And now, my dear hearers, 
what improvement shall we make 
of this subject of the text, and of 
the providence which led me to 
recommend it to your notice? 

We should all realize the truth 
of this declaration, and not only 
submit implicitly to the sovereign 
will of the Most High, but even 
rejoice that our times are in his 
hand, that he performs the thing 
he hath appointed for us, and 
that many, yea, all such things, 
are with him. It is happy, tba^ 
an infinitely wise, and absolutely 
perfect being, orders the time of 
our departure from this woHd, 
as well as all the vicissitudes 
which precede it. It is a small 
thing to concede that we could 
not choose so well, either for 
ourselves, or our friends. 

Our chief concern ahooM be, 
to be found among his saints ; to 
be numbered with them, to whom 
all things work together for good, 
which they do to all who love 
God, who are the called accord- 
ing to his purpose. Let us give 
all diligence, by ascertaining our 
calling to ascertain our election 
also, and aim to walk worthy of 
him, who hath called bs to his 
kingdom and glory.: Lei it be 
our ambition, that whether pre- 
sent or absent, we may be ac* 
cepted of faim ; that whether we 
live, we may live to the Lord, 
or whether we die, we may die 
to the Lord. Let him choose by 
what death we may glorify God. 

May you especially, who have, 
like our deceased brother, de- 
voted yourselves to the ivork of 
the ministry, and who were his 



"VUS CUUKCU AT SMYUNA. 



i03 



ass#ci&t^ in study, prbtit by thifi 
evenr. He was very deservedly 
dear to you aJI ; but to some 
much .more so, by a long previ- 
ous acquaintance. May you 
copy bis example in every thing 
tiiat wa6 lovely and praise* wor- 
thy* May you buy the truth, 
aad sell it not. Manifest that 
you are actuated by love to 
Christy and to immortal souls, in 
taking on you the work of the 
ministry. May the love of Christ 
constrain you to preach Christ, 
** warning every man, and teach- 
iag every man in all wisdom," &c. 
Shew that you have, like your 
departed brother, a deep sense 
of the great evil of sin, and of 
the misery to which sinners are 
jastly exposed ; and that you are 
proportionably impressed with 
the wonderful love of Grod, in 
providing a ransom for lost souls. 
That you long to see perishing 
sinners brought to repentance 
towards God, and faith in our 
Lord Jesus Christ. May you 
long to win souls to him, and to 
this end nay you labour, striving 
even to an agony, according to 
the energy of him who worketh 
poweifuUy in you with might. 
Col. i. 29. May you deeply feel 
yourselves, and constantly en- 
deavour to impress others, who 
profess to have embraced the 
gospel, with a sense of the infinite 
obligations they are under, to 
walk worthy of the Lord unto all 
weil-pleasing; and uniformly to 
support that dignity and purity of 
character, which your dear friend 
was so careful to recommend in 
all his discourses. Remember, 
though God does not need your 
services, yet, if you are sincerely 
attached to his cause, he will 
kindly accept of them. And, 
though we cannot tell whether 
ht will employ you a longer, or 
a shorter time in his service, yet. 



if he should remove you betimes^ 
he will kiudly admit, that it was 
well that you had it iu your 
hearts, to devote all your time, 
and all your talents to him. Be 
faithful unto death, and then, 
whether that period comes sooner 
or later, whether more or less 
success attends your services, he 
will give you a crown of life. 

THE CHURCH AT SMYRNA. 
No. II. Rev. ii. 0—11. 

Smyrna, was a city of Ionia, 
situated about forty-six miles 
from Ephbsus.* It is still fa* 
mous, though not for splendid 
buildings, yet for the number of 
its inhabitants, its riches and 
commerce . We have no account 
of this church in the inspir- 
ed ecclesiastical history : the 
"Acts of the Apostles." It is 
highly probable it arose from the 
labours of the apostle Paul, by 
whose mouth " all Asia" heard 
the gospel of Christ ; but from 
the circumstance of its not being 
mentioned by the inspired his- 
torian, the evangelist LuKB, it 
may be inferred, that it did not 
exist as a church, until after the 
termination of the apostle's la- 
bours iu Asia ; and as it is not 
mentioned in the epistles written 
by Paul to either of the Asiatic, 
the Ephesian, Corinthian, or Co- 
lossian churches, it may fairly be 
presumed, that it had not, at the 
time when thev were written, been 
established. This then affords an 
instance, of which there are many, 
of the defectiveness of even the in- 
spired historical records, as to 
the persons by whom some of the 
churches of Christ were origin- 
ated : designed perhaps, to teach 
us that it is of little consequeuce, 

* Its population at present is esti- 
mated at 146,000 inhabitants ; about 
26,000 are of the Greek church, 6,000 
Roman Catholics, and 109,000 Pro- 
testants. 



104 



fHE CHURCH AT SMYRNA. 



whether the names of useful 
ministers are preserved or not, 
when compared with the effects 
of their labours, as seen in the 
purity and perpetuity of the 
churches which they had been 
employed either to plant or water. 

If it be true, as Ireneus asserts, 
that the celebrated Polycarp, 
a disciple of the apostle John, 
was, at the time when this epistle 
was ordered to be written, the 
" Angel," or bishop of the 
church at Smyrna, having been 
appointed by the apostles to that 
office, it gives us a high opinion 
of its reputation and prosperity.* 
It is certain that is was at 
Smyrna, that that eminent martyr 
was burnt alive in A. D. 166, the 
largeamphitheatrein which he suf- 
fered, was a few years since in ex- 
istence, as was the tomb in which 
he was buried. EuSEBfUS has 
preserved an epistle sent by the 
church at Smyrna, to the churches 
at Pontus, giving an account of 
the martyrdom of Polycarp and 
others of their members. 

The things contained in this 
solemn address, are introduced 
as spoken by HIM, «* the jfirst 
and the last, which was dead 
and is alive." It was impossible 
that it could be mistaken, that 
this sublime description related 
to the Son of God, that glorious 
and divine person, the word, 
*' who was in the beginning with 
God: and who was God." — "The 
WORD who was made flesh," and 
who dwelt among men, and 
whose glory the beloved John, 
the amanuensis of the Saviour, on 
this occasion, had often beheld 

* Archbishop Wake supposes the 
extraordinary character of Polycarp, to 
be referred to in this epistle; who 
had, if ecclesiastical history can be 
depended on, reduced himself to a 
voluntary poverty, as many of the 
primitive bishops did, by selling his 
properly and distributing the amount 
to the poor. 



as " the glory of the only begot« 
ten of the Father, full of grace and 
truth." They are thus reminded 
that this glorious person had 
loved them and given himself to 
death, even the death of the 
cross for them ; and that he had 
been raised again from the dead, 
and was exalted at the Father^s 
right hand, and crowned with 
glory and honour: for the pur- 
pose of superintending and sup- 
porting his churches ; and there* 
fore that he demanded their at- 
tentive audience, and their obedi- 
ent regards, by all the consider- 
ations of reverence, gratitude, 
and love. Would that all the 
churches of Christ were suitably 
influenced by the consideration» 
that HE whom they profess to 
love atid adore, because of the 
supreme glory of bis mysterious 
person, and the sovereign love 
he has manifested both by his 
death and resurrection, is " the 
First and the Last:" and that 
he employs these divine appella- 
tions for the purpose of strength- 
ening their faith, and comforting 
their hearts under present or anti- 
cipated trials. Nor could any de- 
claration be better adapted to 
strengthen their faith, than whsit 
he says to John, when prostrate at 
his feet, and overwhelmed with his 
glory, '' I am he that liveth, and 
was dead, and behold I am alive 
for evermore. Amen, and have the 
keys of hell and of death.'' 

The manner in which the ex- 
alted Saviour condescends to in- 
form this church, through its 
pastor, of the approving notice 
which he had taken of their " tri- 
bulation, and poverty," and the 
sanctified eflfects of their trials, 
proves there is another kind of 
prosperity, than that of wealth: 
to be " rich'' in faith, and in good 
works, is to be really honourable 
and highly distinguished in the 



THE CHURCH AT SMYRNA. 



W5 



family of God* Nor is it unwor- 
thy of remark, how intimately 
connected soul prosperity is, with 
a state of affliction ; and that the 
sanctificatioo of believers is effect- 
ed like the refinement of gold by 
the fiery crucible. How encou- 
raging this to those obscure and 
afilicted believers, who may pro- 
bably be unknown and disesteem- 
ed even by their fellow'christians. 
The members of this church, 
while enduring the fiery trials 
which had refined and rendered 
their faith more valuable, had the 
Saviour with them in the furnace, 
preserving them from being in« 
jured, even by the fire of perse- 
cution through which they had 
passed. 

This church too had been 
tried by false brethren, who 
*' said they were Jews, but were 
not," and who had privily found 
^ place among them. These 
Were Jews outwardly, but not 
inwardly: they had the circum- 
cision of the fiesh, but not of the 
heart and the spirit: they had 
doubtless impiously pretended a 
2eal for the purity of the gospel, 
and for the honour of Christ; 
but their unscriptural declama- 
tions were in fact " blasphemies/' 
nothing better than contumelious 
reproaches of God, and Jesus 
Christ: they professed to belong 
to the church of God, but they 
wercreally members of the "syna- 
gogue of Satan." The Lord Jesus 
who estimated these pretended 
'* Jews" not by their profession, 
but their character; and their 
sentiments, not by the words in 
^bich they were expressed, but 
by their nature and tendency ; 
denounces them as being bis 
enemies, and those of his church. 
A pattern this for all hisfollowers ; 
not to be imposed upon by the 
specious pretences of charity, Ca- 
tholicism, and forbearance, to ad- 



mit any persons into hrs churches 
who do not give sufficient proof of 
their faith in his glorious pefson, 
and atoning death, and of their 
practical regard to his authority, 
as the alone Head and Governor 
of his church. It is quite possi- 
ble for persons to say, they are 
Christians, when they are not: 
and by holding baneful errors, 
instead of the doctrines according 
to godliness ; and, by substituting 
human inventions instead of di- 
vine institutions, into their reli- 
gious discipline, to change a 
church of Christ into the syna- 
gogue of Satan : there can be no 
doubt but there are many reli- 
gious societies, over which Satan 
presides by his ** devices," and 
not the Lord Jesus by his coun- 
sels. 

Tried and afHicted,as this church 
had been, they had still heavier 
triaht and afflictions in prospect. 
Their merciful Saviour forewarns 
and encourages them by saying, 
'^ Fear none of those things which 
thou shalt suffer: behold the 
devil shall cast some of you into 
prison, that ye may be tried : ;ind 
ye shall have tribulation ten days: 
be thou faithful unto death, and 
I will give thee a crown of life." 
The devil having been permitted 
to introduce his agents among 
these unsuspecting Christians, ob- 
tains further permission, (as in the 
case ofJob) to employ human agen- 
cy for trying their faith to the ut- 
most : by '' casting some of them 
into prison." Whilst they had 
enjoyed liberty to worship God, 
in company with their brethren, 
and the comforts of domestic 
life, their tribulation and poverty 
had been borne with comparative 
ease ; but to be torn from their 
wives and children, and deprived 
of the pleasures of public wor- 
ship ; and to be made the com- 
panions of pagan idolaters, and 



i06 



TH« CHURCH AT SMYRNA. 



th^ refuse of such a state of 
.society, as tilled the dungeons 
of a com root! prison ; these were 
•indeed trials of the most severe 
description. Good Mr. Bunyan 
•complains bitterly of his being 
4hus separated from his wife and 
family, and his religious friends, 
vrhen, at some seasons, bis impri- 
sonroeiit in Bedford gaol was ri- 
gorously enforced ; and, another 
of our ministers, Mr. Abraham 
Chcere of Plymouth, at the same 
time, writing from Exeter prison 
to a friend in London, says, *' We 
have almost daily some brought 
in here, who almost as soon go 
out again ; for a week in a prison^ 
tries the reality of a man's religion, 
jBore than a month in a church," 

Whether the " ten days" here 
enumerated, refers to the perse- 
cution under DomUian, which 
continued about ten years^ com- 
.puting " a day for a year," com- 
mencing when John was banished 
to Patmos ; or whether it only 
signifies a short and limited time, 
is not of great consequence. The 
very learned and pious Dr. Gill, 
thinks it may mean " the ten per- 
secutions under the Roman em- 
perors, beginning with Nero, in 
the year 64 or 60, and ending 
with Dioclesian, in the year 303." 
It must doubtless be understood 
as referring to a period during 
t 1m* life time of the persons im- 
mediately addressed: as other- 
wise there would have been no 
propriety in telling them, that 
** some of them would be cast 
into prison," if it had only re- 
ferred to those who might com- 
pose the churches of Christ at 
9ome future indefinite period. 
This is one of the absurd conse- 
quences of supposing these epis- 
tles to be prophetical, and to 
relate to distinct periods of the 
chiirch from the apostolic age, 
to the final consummation of all 



things : an opinion for which th^ 
writer thinks Dr. Gill, and other 
eminent writers, have assigned 
no satisfactory reason. 

To encourage them to exercise 
fortitude and intrepidity, and a 
faithful adherence to the Saviour's 
cause, even though they might 
be called to seal their testimony 
with their blood, they are gra- 
ciously assured, that ''if they suf- 
fer with him, they shall also reign 
with him ;" and if they should 
" lose their lives for bis sake, 
they should find them unto life 
eternal." That the conquerors 
in this holy conflict should re- 
ceive from the hands of the gene- 
ral under whom they fought, *' a 
crown of life," ineffable glory and 
felicity in heaven, was a suffi- 
cient stimulus to persevere in 
their attachment to the Savi- 
our: even though death, in its 
most terrible shape, should hurry 
them from the dungeon of the 
prison to the block, or to the 
stake. By trials like these, was 
the faith of many of our fore- 
fathers put to the test at former 
periods of our English history : 
our praises and acknowledg- 
ments are due to God our Savi- 
our, who, for more than a cen- 
tury past, hsrs not suffered the 
demon of persecution to deprive 
Protestant dissenters of their pro- 
perty, of their liberties, nor of 
their lives. 

Again, the adorable Redeemer 
reiterates the solemn admonition 
addressed primarily to the church 
at Smyrna, and through them, to 
all others then existing, and at 
present existing churches, " He 
that hath an ear, let him hear 
what the Spirit saith unto the 
churches :" the cautions exhor- 
tations, consolations, and pro- 
mises, which HE, who is " Lord 
of all," addresseth by his word 
and Spirit to his churches* Not 



ON 81HC1NG IN DIVINB WOBgHlF. 107 

tdy iliad the eonqueror of the ritj: and afler ihey have tcrvpd 

(an of deatb, by failh in ibe ibee fajtbfully uponeuib, bestow 

■lonement, and the love of life, upon Ibcm a crown of life Ja 

out of love to ihe Savioor, be put heaven, wh«re there shall be 

iala poaaeision of the victor's * netlher crying, neither sball 

crawo; but be iball be elernally there be any more paio: for the 

wcured from being " hurt" by reroier things abM be pai»ed 

toy of the evil* and lormeuta of iway." Iota, 

"tkeaecond death;" the misery Lmdn, J.nMry as, 1834. 

to whkh those apostates, who to ^ 
avoid death, expose themselves 

to a state of wretchedocsB so ex- o" singing in uivinb 

treme, voinparahle to that of - worship. 

those who are constantly dying 

in extreme agony, but who are TotheEdiiorof thtBaptUt jaagiaine. 

not suffered ever to die out of it Sir, 

As there ia neither complaint, The following observations 

nor repcoof, against the church at on singing, as it canstituteia'part 

Sfflyma, contained in this epistle, of divine worship, are extracted 

it. may fairly be inferred, that the from the Eclectic Review for 

pastar and the people, both ill- September lait, and are sent for 

dividnaily. and collectively, had your insertion, vrith the consent 

maintained the consistency of the of the publisher of that woA. 

cbristjan character: to which it They are written with good taste 

ii probable ibeir state of affliction and correct judgment,atH),shonld 

bad mainly contributed. They tb,y receive that attention which 

hid as to doctrines, " coatetided their merits demand, cannot feU 

earnestly for the fsilh once de- to prove of great practical utility, 

livered to the saints ;"— as to dis- a wish to procure for them ■ 

dpliue, they had " endeavoured more extensive circulation than 

to ke^p the unity of the spirit in they have yet had, and to bring 

tbeboodofpeace:" hBviag"one them more immediately under 

Lord, one faith, one baptism ;" — the notice of our own congrega- 

and as to their conduct, they bad tions, induces me to request a 

walked " as becometh saiots :" — place for them ii> the pages of 

thus answering to the description your Magazine, 

of a " golden lamp," fed with pure j am. Sir, 

•il, and spreading the light of a Truly yours, 

pure and lambent flame over the s, g, 

dark peculation amoogst whom aaahrwelL 

Itey were situated. ^ " " ■ 

Olbou ever glorious and com- Mosic it a laaguage.andwhen 
passionate Savionr: "the First introduced into tbe worship of 
and Ihe Last, who wast dead, but God its infloence cannot be of « 
art alivA," enable thy mioisten negalivo character. Deterioration 
and churches by thy Spirit of musical taste is much more in- 
througli failh in thy word, t( tioiately connected than many 
hear patiently, poverty and tribu persons imagine,,with either the 
ktion ; ot even imprtsonmeoi absence or the perversion of 
and death, rather (haa ever ap those feelings which social wor- 
pear indifferent respecting th< ship is designed lo call into ei- 
ghty, oriegSidleH of thine autho ercise. That part of tbe: pub- 



103 



ON SINGING IN DIVINE WORSHIP. 



lie service of religion which, 
when properly conducted, is at 
once the most solemn and the 
most delightful, is, for the most 
part, suffered to become a hin- 
drance rather than a help to de- 
votion. The state ofourpubHc 
singing is, in fact, a disgrace to 
our churches. We do not say 
that this arises altogether from 
the neglect of music ; but cer- 
tainly matters could never have 
proceeded to this length, had a 
proper attention been bestowed 
on the cultivation of ecclesiasti- 
cal music, as a part of Divine 
worship. We are quite satisfied 
that, if music is not worth being 
cultivated for religion's sake, 
singing ought to be banished 
from our places of worship. If 
music is not capable of aiding 
.devotion, it is certainly very ca- 
pable of destroying it ; and what 
were so much worse than useless, 
liad better be dispensed with. 
We cannot consent to regard this 
.subject as one of subordinate 
importance. What may. be the 
value or beneficial influence of 
music in itself considered, or 
^viewed as a secular amusement, 
-we care not to determine; we are 
speaking of it as connected with 
that sacred object which reflects 
its own dignity and importance 
on every thing belonging to it. 
We think that there are religious 
motives which urge an attention 
to music as a science ; because 
it is only when studied as we 
would study any other language, 
that we can learn to speak and 
understand it aright. There is 
no religion in music, we admit; 
-but, if music were not capable of 
subserving a religious purpose, it 
would never have been made a 
part of Divine worship. We might 
go further, and say, that we should 
not, in that case, have been made 
siisceptiJ^le of the pleasures of 



music. He who created us what 
we are, as regards our physical 
capacities, has made us what we 
are for his own glory; and, in 
endowing us with this extraordi- 
nary faculty of giving roelodions 
expression to our feelings, and in 
making us capable of the physi- 
cal emotions produced by har- 
mony, the Almighty doubtless 
had in view some end connected 
with that only worthy purpose of 
our being. The very design of 
music, considered as the law of 
sounds, would seem to be, the 
connecting of delight with the li- 
turgical adoration of the Deity. 
Music is the native language of 
delight : it may be made to ex- 
press sorrow or complaint, or 
other pensive emotions ; bat this 
is only as there is " a joy in grief," 
a solace in complaint, a rapture 
in the tears of contrition, and in 
the sigh of hope, which come the 
nearest to the unmixed delights 
which awake and sustain the 
harmonies of heaven. And the 
delight which music was designed 
to express, is that of the happy 
being joying in his Creator, and 
in the works of his hands. The 
long divorce which both the 
science and the practice of music 
have suffered from its genuine 
purpose, has well nigh obliterated 
in the minds of most persons, aH 
the idea of its divine origin ; and, 
with that, all sense of the wisdom 
and goodness displayed in that 
law of our physical constitution 
on which it depends. It is 
thought of as the mere invention 
of man, being identified with the 
abuses to which it has been per- 
verted, rather than with its true 
design. Man, however, was no 
more the author of the musical 
scale, than be was of the rain- 
bow. The facts which are the 
basis of all harmony, — the chord 
which is heard when a single 



ON SINGING IN DlVlNE WORSHIP. 



109 



note is struck upon a bell ; the 
responsive vibrations of solid bo- 
dies to some one note of the 
scale; that exquisite phenome- 
non, the Eolian harp, which 
gi?es forth such varied and ex- 
pressive faarmony from strings 
tuned in unison: the inherent 
and inexplicable difference of 
expression between the major 
and the minor modes, which even 
an infant perceives when the mi- 
nor third is struck instead of the 
major chord ; — all these facts, 
we say, belong as much to the 
laws of nature; are as much 
proofs of all-wise and beneficent 
design, as the phenomena of op- 
tics, and the magnificence of the 
visible creation. Music is a hu- 
man science, just as the other 
branches of natural philosophy 
are human sciences ; it may be 
considered, indeed, as almost a 
branch of the mathematics, — the 
link between abstract truth and 
sensitive pleasure, the algebra of 
feelings. But though a human 
science, it is no more a human 
invention than the Divine gift of 
speech. It is a low and degrading 
view of music, which considers 
it as primarily an amusement ; al- 
though it is perhaps the most in- 
nocent and rational of amuse- 
ments. It is at least capable of 
being something more than this. 
Its lowest praise is, that it is one 
of the few sensitive pleasures 
that leave no stain ; it can exx;ite 
the imagination without pollut- 
ing it. But its acknowledged 
powers of suspending the force 
of the angry passions, and of 
quieting the mind, as well as of 
predisposing to the exercise of 
the social affections, gives it the 
character of a moral medicine, 
and illustrates its fituess for the 
purposes of devotion. We need 
not go to heathen fable in proof 
of its suasive and medicative 



power. The manner in which 
the harp of the son of Jesse 
wrought on Saul, is matter of his-, 
tory. And the predisposing 
power of music seems at least to 
be recognized when it is #aid 
that the prophet Elisha, on being 
inquired of by the confederate 
kings of Israel, Judah, and Edom, 
called for a minstrel, and thai 
" when the minstrel played, the 
hand of the Lord came upon him.'' 
(2Kingsiii. 15.) 

Now then, will it be*contended 
for a moment, that our church 
singing, or congregational sing- 
ing, is music? Any thing but 
this. It serves to relieve the 
preacher, to display the tuneful 
gifts of the clerk or the choir, to 
amuse that portion of the congre- 
gation who delight to exercise 
their voices, and possibly, to 
soothe a few good people who 
arc blessed with no ear for music,, 
and who, though they cannot 
tell one tune from another, can 
make melody in their hearts to 
the Lord. But it is by means of 
abstraction from the music, not 
by its aid, that any persons pos- 
sessed of musical feeling are en- 
abled to jbin with any compla- 
cency in the public worship. Of- 
ten and often have we had occa- 
sion to regret our unfortunate 
sensibility of ear, (though by no 
means excessive or fastidious,) 
when chained by propriety to our 
seat in the house of prayer, during 
the vociferations of a graceless 
band. Often has the exclama- 
tion of good old John Ryland, of 
Northampton, on one occasion, 
occurred to us : ** Do ye call that 
singing 1 If the angels in heaven 
were to hear ye, they would come 
down and wring your necks off.*^ 

Singing is either a part of wor- 
ship, or it is not. If it is not, it 
ought to be done away with. If 
it is, it ought not to be thought 



I 



HO 



ON SfNCTING IN niVlN'K WORSiHIP. 



heneath the attention of the offi- 
cers t)f the church. In this re- 
spect, as in almost every other 
connected with the administration 
of public worship, the Moravian 
churches set a most instructive 
example. Onie of their ministers 
was once asked by a clergyman 
of Ihe Church of England, who 
found him presiding at the organ, 
what steps he should ts^ke in order 
to introduce such a style of play- 
ing in his own church. *' Send 
away your organist,*' was the ad- 
vice given in reply. " But such 
singing too !" " Send away your 
clerk." The clergyman naturally 
inquired, who was to supply their 
places. ** Is it possible," was 
fhe reply, *' that no person could 
be found among the pious mem- 
bers of your congregation, who 
would esteem it an honour to be 
so employed in the service of 
God : no young lady, who could 
preside at the organ; no eccle- 
siastic who would, as among us, 
when his services were not else- 
where demanded, assist at this 
most solemn part of the wor- 
ship 1*^ The clergyman came 
9Way, we fear, disheartened. 
** Who is there among you," it 
might well be said to our modern 
congregations, *' that would shut 
the doors for nought? neither do 
ye kindle fire on mine altar for 
nought." Those readers who 
may be disposed to think that we 
are laying too great stress on the 
degradation of our psalmody, 
will do well to reflect on the con- 
tempt into which the office of 
Clerk has in consequence fallen. 
By one of those singular changes 
in the conventional use of a word, 
which shew how imperfect a 
guide is etymology, that word, 
which still in legal and ecclesias* 
tical documents, is used to de- 
scribe a person in holy orders, has 
become so identified with an in- 



ferior office in the chui'ch, as to 
denote, in common parlancey a 
person not recognized as an ec- 
clesiastic; a stipendiary, generally 
taken from the humblest ranks, 
and employed more out of regard 
to his necessities, than his qualifi- 
cations. The clerk of the congre- 
gation is a hired servant, who 
ranks with the pew openers, or 
the sexton. In the Establish- 
ment, indeed, his other paro- 
chial duties lift him up into a little 
authority: besides which, his em- 
phatic Amen is almost as essen- 
tial to the service, as the func- 
tions of the organ>blower to the 
performer. But, among Dissen- 
ters, he is only a person who lets 
out his voice, one day in the week, 
at so mnch per annum, and whose 
motive for undertaking the drud- 
gery is supplied by his poverty. 
No wonder, then, that the office 
of clerk should be regarded as a 
menial one, though it is he, in 
fact, who is entrusted with the 
direction of the most solemn part 
of the public service, and who, 
in most instances, actually opens 
the service. If the choice of the 
hymn is not absolutely or uni- 
formly left to him, the tune by 
which that hymn may be rendered 
worse than unmeaning, is left to 
his discretion. Our ministers 
would think it quite beneath them 
to pay the least attention to the 
adaptation of a tune to the words ; 
and their interference would be 
sorely complained of by their co- 
adjutor in the desk below. The 
preacher and the singer are two 
independent and jealous authori- 
ties, who share between them the 
conducting of the worship ; and 
hence, not unfrequenlly, the im- 
pression produced by the one is 
fairly counteracted or effaced by 
the feeling excited by the other. 
These two parties walk together 
without being agreed, and sadly 



ON SINGINO IN DIVINE WORSHIP. 



Ill 



does their inharmonious proceed- 
ing mar the service. 

What have Dissenters to do 
with clerks? They are not 
wanted to perform the responses, 
tbere h no more scripture autho- 
rity for clerks, than for surplices 
or organs. Necessary they can- 
not be, except in a state of things 
which thev have heen the means 
of producing, in i^hich it would 
bethought an act of condescen- 
sion for a deacon, or other pious 
member of the church, to give 
out the hymn, or pitch the tune. 
For our own part, we think that 
there is a gross impropriety in 
the hymns being given out by any 
other than the minister ! at least 
when the service is opened with 
singing. There could be no ob- 
jection to his reading the hymn 
from the pulpit; and then, if it 
be requisite to give out the lines, 
he might devolve that office on 
I his deacon. But we must con- 
tend that the music also is the 
business of the minister: he is 
responsible for every part of the 
service, and for the manner of 
conducting it. The reader, or 
choir-leader, is his deputy, and 
ought to be of his own election. 
If he has not himself a knowledge 
of music, he wants just that one 
qtralification for his station in the 
church of God, because he is not 
competent to preside over the 
whole service. But, in that case, 
be ought to see to it, that the 
congregation do not suffer through 
his defect. Music is, however, a 
relaxation so beneficial to studi- 
ous men, that the time required 
for attaining a competent know- 
ledge of the science, would not 
be unproiitably employed by the 
young academic. It would at all 



events be well, that ^n organ 
shonld be placed in the halls of 
all our colleges. A taste, or at, 
least a habit of feeling, would, by 
this means, be insensibly acquired 
by onr youug ministers, wbicb 
would prevent their tamely being 
parties to the violation of all mu- 
sical and all devotional propriety 
in the performance of the singing. 
But where there is an organ, it 
ought to be made a point of con- 
science in no case to employ as or- 
ganist an individual not of a decid- 
edly religious character. If "holi- 
ness unto the Lord," is to be "upon 
the bells of the horses,'' much 
more ought it to be upon " the 
bowls before the altar.'' Why 
should it be regarded as less than 
an honour, to be entrusted with 
the management of any part of 
the worship of Godi Surely, 
among the members of the church 
some persons might be found 
sufficiently accomplished to give 
proper effect to our old church 
harmonies, and glad to embrace 
such an opportunity of redeem- 
ing the time and expense squan- 
dered on an otherwise worthless 
accomplishment, by consecrating 
the talent to the service of God. 
Music was not meant only for the 
drawing-room, or the concert- 
room : its proper sphere is the 
home circle, or the house of 
prayer. Worthless for the pur- 
pose of display, and often weari- 
some as a mere amusement, its 
true use and power are known 
only to those who have found it 
the solace of their lonely hours, 
and have experienced its heart- 
felt charm, when made a strictly 
domestic gratification, or em- 
ployed in family devotion.' 

(To he oonimued.) 



112 



f^isittUmm* 



TkedreadfulEffecis of Gambling. 

" Every gamester, with too few 
exceptions to deserve notice, be- 
comes a sharper of com-se. High 
expectations of acquiring: property 
saddenly, distressing disappoint- 
ments, great gains, and great losses 
instantaneously experienced, strong 
hopes alternated with strong fears,and 
holding the mind habitually in a state 
of anxious suspense, regularly prove 
too powerful for the honesty of every 
man who has not too much virtue 
to be a gamester. By what is called 
fair play, he fails of being success- 
Ynl. A series of ill success tempts 
him to play unfairly. Ultimately, 
he is charged with it He denies it, 
and is thus guilty of falsehood. The 
charge is reiterated. He swears to 
the truth of his denial, and is thus 
guilty of perjury. His oath is doubt- 
ed, he becomes angry, profane, and 
furious; and not unfrequently en- 
gages in a quarrel to vindicate his 
wounded honour. At times the dis- 
pute is terminated by a duel. In all 
ordinary circumstances, his affec- 
tions become sour, and his mind en- 
vious at the success of his compan- 
ions, and malicious towards their 
persons. At the same time, he is 
prompted to murmur at his ill suc- 
cess; to curse what he calls his 
lock ; but what is in truth a dispen- 
sation of God, and to adopt a course 
of profane, blasphemous, and fiend- 
Jike language. To close this wretch- 
ed detail, the gamester very often 
terminates his miserable career with 
drunkenness, and not unfrequently 
with self-murder. Who that is not 
lost to every hope of virtue — who 
that IS not lost to common sense and 
common feeling — can be willing to 
thrust himself into a course of life, 
or in the entrance upon a course of 
life, which presents at the very gate 
most formidable temptations to 
these enormous sins? Who would 
be willing that a father, a husband, 
a brother, or a son, should be guilty 
of these sins, or exposed to these 
temptations? This question will 
probably never be answered. Will 
it then be said, that men are found 



who love these relations better than 
themselves? It will not be said, but 
it must be said, because it is true, 
that multitudes of men resort to the 
gaming-table with an infnntine gid- 
diness of mind ; a hair-brained spirit 
of adventure ; a greedy avarice, and 
a treacherous confidence in their 
own watchfulness against tempta- 
tions ; in that prudent care which, 
always seen with microscopic eyes, 
they considered as abundantly suffi- 
cient to secure themselves from every 
danger. Thus, while ' the really pru- 
dent man foreseeth the evil, and hid- 
eth himself,' these * simple, self-de- 
ceived beings pass on and are pu- 
nished.*" 

Dwight's Theology. 



The Evil of Gaming for Amuse* 

ment. 



a 



There are many persons who 
condemn what is called gambling^ 
or gaming for money, and who yet 
appear to think themselves Justified 
in gaming for mere amusement. Ijct 
me exhort all such persons to re- 
member that, whatever influence 
this conduct may have upon them- 
selves, it will, as an example, be per- 
nicious to others. Multitudes will' 
know that they game, who will never 
know that they do not game fur 
money. Multitudes also will l>e 
either unable, or uninclined, to make 
any serious distinction between 
these kinds of conduct All these 
will directly plead the example, as 
a justification of themselves, or at 
least as a palliation of their owd 
guilt. This will peculiarly be the 
fact, where the persons concerned 
are persons of reputation ; and, un- 
fortunately, a considerable number 
of those who employ themselves in 
gaming for amusement are of this 
character. The example of one such 
person will be pleaded by all who 
know it Under the wings of one 
such man, a multitude of gamblers, 
almost all of whom ar^ without re- 
putation, and great numbers low, 
contemptible beings, will gather, 
and feel themselves brooded in 



MISCiLLAMBA* 



113 



ilfety, and secured from the dreaded 
iotm^loni of public cenikure. Were 
gambling unfurnished with reputa- 
ble and fashionable examples, it 
Would, I think, be easily extermi- 
nated from the world. £very per- 
son possessed of a g^enerally fair 
character may therefore feel assured, 
that, if he games for amusement, 
he is one of the means, and not a 
small one, of keeping gambling alive 
among mankind ; and that he contri- 
butes efficaciously to the existence 
of all the sin and all the misery 
which it will produce at future 
periods. 

"To these obserrations It will 
prbbably be replied, ' Must I deny 
myself an innocent pleasure, because 
my neighbour is pleased to make a 
bad ase of my example? ' St Paul 
has lung since answered this ques- 
tion. ^ For meat destroy not the 
work of God. All things indeed 
are pure ; but it is evil for that man 
who eateth With offence. It is good 
neither to eat flesh, nor to drink 
wine, nor any thing whereby thy 
brother stumbleth, or is offended, or 
is made weak.' Rom. xiv. 20, 21. 
And again, 1 Cor. viii. 13, ' Where- 
fore, if meat make my brother to 
stamble, I will eat no flesh while 
the world standeth, lest I make my 
brother to offend.' However inno- 
cent gaming for amusement may 
be, it cannot be more innocent than 
eaiiug flesh : than doing that which 
the apostle has pronounced ' pure.' 
Yet the apostle, and God who in- 
spired him, have declared, that 
whatever occasions onr brother to 
stamble, or fall into sin, it is good 
not to do, however innocent it may 
be otherwise; and the apostle has 
declared, that be would not do this, 
even though ' eafing flesh,' so inno- 
cent, so directly allowed by God, 
and so important as food for man, 
were the thing in question; no, 
*not while the world standeth.' 
Nay, be 4ias further declared, in the 
verse preceding that' last quoted, 
that, when in such cases we wound 
the ^^ak conscience of our brother, 
we sill against Christ. All this he 
dtelares concerning, e&ting flesh, 
and concerning' <i very other innocent 
thing. If then our gaming for 
amusement be, what it oiinnot fail to 

VOL. XVI. 



be, a cause of inducing othei-s ttf 
game fbr moit^jf, to become g^me« 
sters, and to fall into any or all of 
these things; then, in gaming for 
amusement, we sin against Christ, 
by woondiug the conscience of onr 



direct means of tffiipting them to 



weaker brethren, mA becoming the 

of tOTl 
sin. 

'* The supposition here made is, 
however, false. Gaming for amuse- 
ment, in such as are either partially 
or wholly games of chance, particu- 
larly with cards and dice, is not, and 
cannot be innocent It is, almost 
of course, a sinful waste of time. As 
an amusement it is unnecessary 
and useless. It refreshes neither 
the mind nor the body; and fails 
therefore essentially of being a law- 
ful amusement. Better amusements 
can always be substituted for it; 
particularly exercise, reading, and 
conversation; and among amuse- 
ments, as well as among employ- 
ments, we are' bound to select the 
best in our power. The controversy, 
the hope of victory, the reluctance 
to be vanqnished, and universally' 
that continual state of suspense and 
anxiety always experienced in 
gaming, have, although in a less 
degree, substantially the same in'-' 
fluence on the mind, and are fur- 
nished with the same temptations 
which arc found in gaming for mo- 
ney. In addition to these things, 
gaming for money is almost alwaya. 
the consequence of an addiction to 
gaming for amusement. The ex- 
pectation that we shall be able to 
withstand the allurements by which 
others have fallen, is a mere ai^d 
ruinous presumption : the presump- 
tion of a man, wise in his own con- 
ceit; of whom there is less hopo. 
than of a fool. The probabilitiear 
that we shall fall where so many 
have fallen, are millions to one ; and 
the contrary opinion is only a dream 
of lunacy. At the same time, do 
man cau stand up in his closet be« 
fore his Maker, and thank him for 
the privilege of gaming to-day, or 
ask his blessing to enable bini io 
game to-morrow. 

'\Butlhe influence of example is' 
abundantly suflicient to prove the 
sfnflilness of gaming for amusement. 
Call to mind the extent to Tdrioh * 



M 



nff 08IT 

be4, Hhen ho remained • priratK 
in tbe bond! of BflKcfion. until 1h 
Itnnioflil spirit obtained a. happ 

At the commencement orhhil 
nens he evinced ijmptoma of iir 
paiience, bat, snon nfler, becnm 
more tranqnil, and migned to th 
Witt at God. Speslcing of himsel 
he said, " Ah what an nnproRtabl 
■crvant have I been! what have 
done for God! how shRll I appe: 
before him! onl; thron|rh Uie bloo 
and righteoutnewofClimt 
* Jems thy blood and ri|;hteoiiaDeEs, 
Hy beauty are, my glorious dreas,' " 



" A gnilty, weak, and liolpiesg worn 
. On thy kind arms I faU, 
Bethnamy streoKtliaiidrighteousaeE 

My Jesufl, and my alt." 

At RDolber time he Baid, " Thei 
Kmainelb a rest for tbe people i 
God"^-" but is it for meV 

" ' Tis a peiot I long ta know, 

on it mnsei anxioai tboaght, 
. Do I lave the Lord or ao 7 
' .Am I his, oi ami not I' 
fiBK I ont his. Well, if he : 
mine, and I am his, what can 
want beside? ' Come let us joi 
<mrclreerfiil«Dngs,'jce.' Ibaveofle 
been ifcllgbled when giving oat Iht 
byiin in tiie home of God, an 
should like to do it onc<>niore. St 
all is well—well in life, well i 
affiicHon, well in death, all is well 
On a LnrdVdaj morning, be n 
pealed the Erst line of that deligh 
fal hymn, " Welcome sweet day i 
retf," and intreated a part of li 
family to leave him, and go np 1 
the Iioiise of the Lord, exprewtit\ 
tbe longing desire he felt to Ei>als< 
bat as if correcting himself, sal 
"In heaven there will be but or 
company, and bat one Kong," immi 
diatel; repealing the following vers 
**' Were I la heaven wilhont my Goi 

Tweuld be no Joy to ne. 
And wlule diis eartli is my abode, 

I long for none but thee." 

.Jlis preVMlJag.. desire ihronghoi 
Jtuafflict^h,WBS.to4epart ftndlol 
^ilh C^irifl, 'freqnefitl} exclainiuu 
^Wti^ am hii chadat wheel* J 
long in coning?*' .Being asked 



be widted my tUnx, Ma nimrer 
was, " No, nothing, but to depart, 
and to be with Christ, which is fat 
better." His hope of salvation was 
built upon Christ, breathing out tbe 
sentiments of his heart in the lan- 
guage of Dr. Walls. 
" Tlie gospel bears my spirits up, 
A faithful and unclian^ng Ood, 
Lays the foundation for my hope. 
In oaths, and promiiel, and blood." 
Adding, " The precious blood of 
Christ is all my hope, it cleanses 
Ihinf all sin." After awaking oat of 
sleep, he expressed himself in the 
fiilluwing animated strain, " Make 
haste mydajsto reach the goal, and 
bring my heart to rest. 
■ He lives, he lives, and aits abore, 
For ever interceding there. 
Who shall divide us from his tovef 
Or what shall tempt us to despair f 
Nothing — All is right — nay, in ad 
these tilings, we arc more than con- 
querors." On another occasion be 
said, " I long to depart, I think the 
time long. 1 can resign yon all np." 
and Inrning his eyes towards his 
minister, said, " O my dear Sir, nay 
the Lord bless yon, and be with yon, 
and bless thechnrch, and crown your 
laboura with much success, and Oh 
that I may finish my course with 
joy!" At another time he said, 
" Yon must do without me, tbe 
Lord will be with yoti, I must coili~ 
mit you and the cbnrch, and my 
dear children, with all concernsiato 
the hands of God :" and with an air 
of quickness, asked, " Where csn 
1 commit them better than intobi* 
bands!" He was reminded that 
Christ was his only refuge and 
fnnndation, he snbjoined, " Y«b, 
and salvation too," 



ing dissolntion, longing for tbe 
happy moment to arrive. And, after 
taking an aSeclionale and last fare- 
well of his surrounding family, the 
church andminisler, he soon became 
unable to articulate, and gradually 
sinking into the arms nf death, at- 
most.. imperceptibly, (bit SAleep in 
Jeans. ^. . , r. 

OnthefoUflwiDgLord's-dayiiiOni- 
ii^, .bis nxirial remain* were 'in- 
terred at Kimbnlton, andtb* solevn 



ercal wu Ivproved in Ota aftw- 
Baoa at SlKaghton, Itf hit putor, to 
1 rery crowded, and ovcrflowltig 
cMfwgalioD, from 2 Tim. i*. 6. 7. 
" I Inve foaght the guud B);lil, I 
biTe finiihed mj oourae, 1 have 
k«pt the fiiilh, beacetotlh tbere w 
liid Dp Tor mo, a crown of righ- 
teoaiDCH, vhioh th« Lord, Ihe 
ligbteona judge, ahull give me at 
tint day, and aot lo me only, bot 
Mto tbeoi «Im> that love hia appear- 



BW. 117 . 

HRSi HANNAH ETELEIGH. 
Di>D, on Satnrda*, the Mlh of. 
Jannary, 1824, Hu. HAMKaM 
BveLEioH, wife of the late Re*. 
G. Evelnigh, »ix jeara pallor of tbe 
Baptist church at Waltbam Abbey, 
£wes. By thii diipenaation of 
providence, three imall children aie 
deprivedofboththeirparenli.wboan 
left in very deiiitule circa matanoea, 
aad demaod the sympathy of tb* 
religiuuB public. 



leieuitto. 



ItmimiafJTultevitwuflheP t 
mt DiMtntiTM' Cutckiim," m m 
fidt(i4M bff Dr. Newmaw, in I 
Brituk Raiewfor NoPtmbtr, 183 
Tbe Briliih Reviewer, who ia 

" live chnrchmau,' 



the chrialiaoa in the kingdom ai 
boand to be united to the eatabliil 
•d cfanrcb, (or " naltonal commi 
nkn" aa he calli it,) uoleai they ca 
Aow " tbe clearest proorof preaei 
daty, and even of Irremediable n( 
eeHity.''toactothemiie. Weuy,fa 
iMimea this; for not a sinfle argn 
■eat ii broDght forward in its ft 
vm. And yet, anieaa be can prav 
It, the whole of hia Review amount 
h) little or nothing. Whether tbi 
innraption be ajuat one or not, ii 
tberefore, a matter of the firat im 
Mrtance in thii controveraj. Bu 
Mw does the case really gland! Ar 
HOB aa any one becomes a ebnstian 
liil not his dnly tocoQiidertowhal 
dinreh beahall nnile himself! In tbis 
tonsderation, accompanied by 
prayer for the divine direction, that 
B to be bis guide 7 Sorely the word 
tTGod. If ten or more churches 
praaent themselves to him, ought he 
■Ot to choose that which in biaev 
tiaation, approaches mostnearly to 
Ibatword? But he cannot do hi 
wittoat dissenting (or, ai the Re- 
tit wer very incorrectly calla if, 
" withdrawing") from all the rest, 
aad yet this disaent may not arise 
koB*' irremediable neccisity," since 
Uta «Mifle of it, however aniikely it 
say be at prment, may at imw 
tea or other be MOMvwf. 

WewWi to know wbatamerior 
eMaa •■ eatcblMwd, or endowed, 
TOt. XVI. 



church has upon ni. Point out thia 
claim in the word of God, and we will 
■llend to iL-~Bjt, tbongh It ha* M 
djrectscriptnralolaim, itmaybeaak- 
ed, latherenotanimplieidolaimcop)- 
tainedin tbe diityofobedienoelo tb» 
civilmagiilrale! Wean«wer,No;<br 
that extends onlytooivilnattera, to 
the thinga which are Caeaar's.— Wo 
will go tiill further. If It «Mr* In- 
cluded in this duly, it could only bs 
so in case of requirement Bat 
neither the king nor the parliament 
commands any one to belong to the 
endowed sect— From the whole 
then it follows, that neither tbe 
Church of England nor Ihe Charoh 
of Scotland hat any right to demand 
or us lo show our not walking with 
Ibem to bea matterof'necessity at 
all, much leaa of " irremediable ne- 

The Reviewer taxes Mr. Pal- 
mer and Dr. Newman with " palpa- 
ble injuatioe, or palpable folty," for 
dcacribiug " Relbrmer* from (Re- 
Cbrmers from!!) the Church of 
Rome, as Disaentera from the church 
of England."* 

The Reviewer may be aaaured. 
luia is a great misrepretenlalioD. 
What they lay it,—" there were 
Diatenters in England lon g be- 
" This Reviewer has such an anti- 
pathy to aeword " dissent," that hs 
willratLer violate the laws of grammar 
than allow the Reformera to have been 
OinenieTt from the Church of Rome. 
They were not, it seema, DUuHta-t 
tnm Oe Chnrdi of Somt, but St- 
n>rm(r«(rOBitheChnTehafRacae. We 
bojM, then, be win aatobject tooBr 
cfUtag tbe Puritana Rrftmen fnm 



lis 



BEVIEw. 



fore the Reformation." Their 
design was to show, that, if dissent 
from the -established religion is ne- 
cessarily unlawful, the Reformers 
did that which was unlawful ; since 
the Reformers were Dissenters, that 
is to say, Dissenters from the estab- 
lished religion. 

The Reviewer next brings forward 
the reproof of the Puritans at Frank- 
fort by Calvin, the Genevan Re- 
former. 

To this we reply. The mere form of 
habits, and the defects in the liturgy. 



by whom they were insulted, im- 
prisoned, and put to death. — The 
writer of the Life of Brown in the 
Biographic Britannica says, *' The 
model of theBrownists was far from 
being a new one ; for, if we compare 
their principles with those of the an- 
tient Donatists, we shall find them 
to be the same, as the learned Dr. 
Foike has proved. The Donatists 
were the Puritans of their age; they 
held that the Roman Catholic 
Church was prostituted, and [that 
the true church] was no where to 



wereweacknowledge,comparatively 1 be found but among those who were 
trifling matters. But what the Puri- I perfect [or real Christians]; where- 
tans principally looked at was the im- 



potUion^ — the popish spirit ofdomina' 
tian exercised by Dr. Cox, and 
others who imposed them. They 
acted upon the principle prescribed 
by our Lord ef not submitting to 
bnman authority in matters of reli- 
gion. Whether, however, they acted 
right or wrong is nothing to us : the 
word of God ought to be our guide. 
The Reviewer next charges the 
Independents with being ashamed 
^f their real father or founder. 
** Every one,'^ he says, '* knows that 
Robert Brown was the father of the 
Independents, and the founder of 
tlieir churches. Why then is this 
title given to another! Because 
Jacobs and Robinson were more 
respectable than Brown.'' We re- 
ply, If the Independents are asham- 
ed of an alliance with a bad man, 
is it kind and friendly in the 
Reviewer to fasten upon them, 
against their consent, because he 
was a bad man, a person whom they 
disown ? Does it not breathe the 
very spirit of those who call the Re- 
formation the spawn of the lust of 
Henry the Eighth ? But can it be 
proved that the Brownists and In- 
dependents were, in all respects, 
alike? Or can it be proved that 
Brown was the founder even of those 
churches which were called Brown- 
ists? It is certain that some emi- 
nent men, who were so called, dis- 
owned the name, and disclaimed it 
as a nickname. It is equally cer- 
tain that many of them were most 
excellent men, and that an aUiance 
with them ought to be esteemed an 
honour rather than a disgrace. We 
should esteem it a greater honour 
than an alliauco with those bishops 



fore they rebaptized all that came 
over to them, for no other baptism, 
was valid. They held the validity 
of the sacraments to depend upon 
the dignity [piety] of the minister. 
They disowned the power of tlie 
magistrates to punish heretics, &c.":. 
The Meunonites, also, in Holland, 
long before the time of Brown, were 
Congregatioualists, or Independents, 
and, we have no doubt, the Lollards 
in England were so too. They were 
all descended from the Waldenses^ 
great numbers of whom had been 
driven by persecution into Holland 
and England, and other countries. 
It was from a Mennonite church at 
Norwich that Brown probably adopt- 
ed his views of church government, 
about the year 1580, of which church 
he seems to have been a member, it 
being said that he raised himself a 
character amongst them for zeal 
and sanctity. See Biog. Brit. Arti- 
cle befoie quoted. Vol. II. p. 985. 
Ed. 1748. — The Independents, how-*, 
ever, or rather the Congregatioual- 
ists, which term includes the Bap-, 
lists also, do not claim either the 
Mennonites, or the Waldenses, or 
the Lollards, for their founders, but 
the apostles, believing the primitive 
churches to have been congrega- 
tional, and diocesan episcopacy to 
have been a departure from the 
apostolical practice. 

The Reviewer says, that the cha- 
racters given of Charles I. and 
Cromwell, in the Catechism, are un- 
fair. But nothing is said of Charles 
I. but what is well known to be 
strictly true: nor is any thing said 
concerning Cromwell that can be 
proved to be false. That '* be made 
laws at his pleasure, exacted taxes 



REVIEW. 



110 



at his will, and, with a bare and 
bloody f%6rd in hii band, terribly 
tyrannized over these icing^doms,^^ is 
not sappreaaed, bat omitted as irre- 
levant. In the Introduction to the 
Nonconformists' Memorial, where a 
History is g^ven of the Times, Mr. 
Palmer condemns the tyranny of 
Cromwell, and, in this very Cate- 
chism, be condemns his intolerance. 
It having: 1>^d B^id, in the Cate- 
chism, that the death of Charles Lis 
veiy unjfiatiy charg^ed on any reli- 
pooa party as such, the Reviewer 
triumphantly asks who they were 
that murdered him? To which we 
answer. Who were they that first 
excited and began the war against 
him? Were they not almost entirely 
£puMX)palians, or rather were they 
not all who disapproved of bis arbi- 
trary ^oceedings without regard to 
religions sentiments? What was 
Selden; what was Hampden; what 
were many other of the fimions pa- 
triots who resisted Charles and his 
favourites; what was the earl of 
Essex the general, and what were 
many other of the principal com- 
manders of the parliamentary army? 
Were tbey not £pisco|>aRans ? A nd, 
if many of those who brought the 
king to the block were Independ* 
enti^ is it any more true that, in so 
doing, they acted as Independents, 
than that the Rebels io 1716 and 
1745 acted as Episcopalians ? Are 
there not persons, anumg all religions 
<<enominations,whoarenot acknow- 
ledged hy them ? Is the conduct of 
factious and taibulent persons ap- 
proved of by Dissenters more than 
by Churchmen ! Or can either the 
one or the other prevent such per- 
sons from attending at their places 
of worship ? And yet the Reviewer 
holds up the persons in question to 
our view in order to mortify us, and 
ID order to excite the public odium 
against us, not considering that it is 
in our power to retaliate a tboosand 
fold. We can ask, Were tbey Dis- 
senting minbters, or bishops and 
archbishops of the Church of Eng- 
land, who insulted, wilh all the 
rudeness and barbarity of a Bonner 
and a Gardiner, and delivered over 
tothe civil power to be put to death, 
nen of whom the world was not 
worthy? 



As to the sermons, mentioned by 
the Reviewer, preached by som^ 
naming zealots before the Parlia« 
ment, we disown and detest thenl. 
But have there not been equally de« 
testable sermons preached before 
Parliament by Sibtborps, and Maln- 
warings, and Sacheverels? Are 
there not, even now, in the Church 
of England ministers that are un- 
friendly to toleration ? ministers that 
are enemies to the Bible Society! 
ministers that lean very much to- 
wards popery? and ministers that 
possess a revolutionary spirit? 

The Reviewer employs great ted- 
derness when speaking of the treat- 
ment of the nonconformist divines 
by the prelates at the Savoy con- 
ference. But for our part we com- 
pare it to that of Latimer and Ridley 
and Cranmer by the popish prelates 
after the accession of Queen Mary, 
or of the apostles by the sanhedrioi 
after our Lord's ascension. He 
speaks too of the trifling objections 
of the nonconformist ministers $k 
that conference, with the same mii^ 
froid with which Catholics speak of 
the obstinacy of Ridley and Hooper 
and Latimer. He talks, also, of 
** dissenting intolerance, during the 
Great Rebellion,'' just as the Catho- 
lics talk of protestant intolerance 
in the time of Edward YI. The 
Catholics speak of Mary's persecu- 
tions as " the reaction of that vin- 
dictive spirit which was mainly ex- 
cited by protestant intolerance, dur- 
ing the great schism.'' But they 
forget the sufferings of thousands 
and tens of thousand s'of Dissenters 
from the Church of Rome before 
that time, just as the Reviewer for- 
gets the fines, imprisonments, and 
martyrdoms of thousands and tens 
of thousands of Dissenters from the 
Church of England before the time 
of the Republic, and talks of the suf- 
ferings of the episcopal clergy dur- 
ing that time as if there were no- 
thing of a spirit of reaction in them, 
but only as exciting a spirit of re- 
action after the accession of Charles 
II. But, as the trifling sufferings of 
the Romish clergy, during the reign 
of Edward YI. were nothing, if 
compared with the sufferings of the 
Dissenters from the Church of Rome 
before that period; so the trifling 

N 2 



no 



REVIEW. 



8u0<»rkigfi of tbe episcopal olergy, un- 
der Cromwell, were nothinfi: if torn- 
jMired witb the sufferings of the Dis- 
•enfers before that period : and yet, 
both tbe Catbolics and tbe Reviewer, 
fcft^fit the former sufferings, as if 
they had never existed. 

There is, also, a great difference in 
tbe two cases. The sufferings of the 
Romiilh clergy, under Edward VI. 
are to be ascribed, not to that mild 
prince, but to his clergy : whereas 
.the sufferings of the episcopal clergy 
are to be ascribed, not to Dissenters, 
bat to the personal fears of Crom- 
well. It was not, therefore, out of 
*' tenderness towards Cromweir* 
that bis conduct is ascribed to poll* 
tical reasons, but out of regard to 
puih» Whatever Cromwell was in 
other respects, he was not an enemy 
to religious liberty : if he persecuted, 
it was for '* political reasons/' The 
Keviewer also forgets that Wilkins, 
Lightfoot, Cud worth, Wallis, Tillot- 
aon, &o. were promoted during the 
Commonwealth. 

Further, as if determined to 
find fault witb everything in this 
Catechism, ho calls in ques- 
tion the number of two thousand 
ejected ministers, because the 
number in Calamy and Palmer falls 
abort of 2000. But, if he had 
read the Preface to the Nonconfor- 
mists' Memorial, be would have 
found that the real number was 2257. 
He, also, objects to the appellation 
Ejected, on the ground of some 
of them being only half ordain- 
ed, and others not ordained at all. 
Arid yet he himselfsays, that,"lF the 
conditions had been made as easy as 
possible, and offered in tbe spirit of 
conciliation, it might have been 
bOped that they would be generally 
accepted.'' If, then, this spirit of 
conciliation had been exercised, it 
seems that bis objection would have 
fallen to the ground, since the par- 
ties thus objected to would have 
been regularly ordained, and have 
been made priests as well as deacons. 

He calls the writers in favour of 
lionconformity, at that period, by the 
name of ^ agitators,'' and charges 
fliem with pi^e venting conformity. 
Jost in like manner might the Ca- 
tboltcs call Fox, and Jewel, and 
Grindal *^ agitators/' and charge 



them witb preventing the return of 
heretics into the bosom of the oatho>- 
lie church. 

He particularly mentions the suf- 
ferings of '* Usher and Hall." Bat 
how do those oases stand? Abp. 
Usher's library was indeed seized by 
the parliament because he took part 
with Charles I. against them; bat it 
was afterwards redeemed by his 
friends. Alsoy as he was travelling 
in Wales, his books andpapeca were 
stolen by the mountaineers, an ano* 
malous kind of banditti, who pre- 
tended to be on the side of tbe king. 
As to bishop Hall, he lay in the 
tower from January 30 till June 
1642. And in 1643 the greater part 
of his episcopal revenue was se- 
questrated ; yet be bad enoagh Mt 
to enable him to distribute a weekly 
charity to a certain number of poor 
widows till his death in 1756. We 
meet with no other sufferings of 
these excellent divines: and what 
were those to what was endured by 
the nonconformist ministers, who 
were required to give up their livings 
instantly. When the Reviewer says, 
that episcopacy nmy be clearly dis- 
covered in tbe scriptures, we answer. 
Undoubtedly; congregational epis- 
copacy,butnot diocesan. Actsxx. 18, 
compared with verse 28, and Tit 
i. 5, compared with verse 8, demon' 
itraie that presbyters and bishops 
were the same. And as to antiquity. 
Lord Chancellor King has proved 
that diocesan episcopacy was on- 
known during the first three cen- 
turies. Numberless quotations prov-r 
ing this might be made from tbe 
Fathers. The embarrassment on this 
head attributed to the excellent 
Doddridge is merely in the Re- 
vicwer*s imagination, or is created 
b^ him for the sake of helping out 
his miserable cause. 

When the Reviewer pleads for 
obedience in things indifferent from 
Heb. xiii. 17, Obey them thai have 
the rule over you^ &c. we answer, 
Who rules over tbe church of Eng- 
land? Is not the king the head of 
that church ? Are the bishops any 
thing more than his deputies, ap- 
pointed by bim, like the jndges? 
The apostle, therefore, ought, if. the 
Reviewer is right, to haye said, 
'* Obey the supreme magistrate in 



SCVTEW. 



KI 



fbinpi indifferent, and submit your- 
selves, for he watches fur your souls 
»8 oae that must give account.^ We 
acknovir ledge no authority in our 
churches bat that of Christ, the head 
of the charch, and of his ministers 
proelaiming his commands. The 
obedience, also, required by the apos- 
tle is not in things indifferent, but in 
things essential ; for the apostle says, 
->'' they watch for your souls, as they 
that moat give account ;'' fiut the Re- 
viewer says, that the king is only the 
temporal head of the church of Eng- 
land, and intimates that he is no 
more the bead of it than a variety of 
persons in Dissenting congregations 
are of those congregations. To 
which we reply. If there be any di»- 
senting congregations who surrender 
their christian liberty, we will not 
attempt to justify them. At the 
same time it cannot be denied that 
a wise man, whether called to the 
ebair, or wherever be be, will and 
must have influence; and this is as 
it should bo. Even the apostle, the 
same apostle who commands Chris- 
tians to stand fast in their christian 
liberty, said to the Corinthians, *' Is 
it so that there is not a wise man 
among you?" But the Reviewer 
will have it that the king is only the 
temporal head of the church of Eng- 
land. But is this indeed the case? 
Has not the king power to excom- 
municate, and to readmit into the 
church, in opposition to all the 
clergy ; nay, to excommunicate an 
archbishop ? Has he not the sole 
right of declaring what heresy is ? 
Did not the two houses of convoca- 
tion censure several propositions in 
Mr. Wbiston's books, and send a 
t)i8hop to the queen with this cen- 
sure for her assent? She promised 
to consider of it; after this two 
Vishops were sent to receive her 
pleasure; the paper was lost; ano- 
ther was sent ; she sent no answer ; 
and there it ended. If the Chapter 
do notchdbse the person nominated 
by the king for bishop or archbishop, 
iii twelve days, does not the right 
t>f choosing him devolve to the king ? 
Are not the Irish bishops appointed 
by letters patent? Deos not the 
second cation excommunicate every 
one who shall eikleavonr to exte- 
ndiite the knijg's authority in eccle- 



siastical cases, as it is settled by the 
laws of the kingdom ? If any persoi^ 
shall affirm that it is lawful for tb^ 
order either of ministers or laics Ip 
make canons, decrees, or constitop 
tions, in ecclesiastical matters, with^* 
out the king's authority, and shaljl 
submit to be governed by them. If 
he not, by tho twelfth canon, ipia 
facto excommunicated? Is it nf^ 
in the power of tlie king to keep anv 
bisboprick vacant ? Was not Oxford^ 
nnder Elizabeth, without a bishop 
for twenty-two years ? Did not ib% 
Parliament (temp. Ed. YI.}dissolvf 
the bishoprick of Durham ; and di4 
not Mary restore it? The articles 
say, *' The Church has power to de* 
cree rites and ceremonies." fiut wh^ 
has this power? Has every bisjio^ 
in his own diocese?'' We answer. 
No. Have tho Dean and Chapter? 
No. Have a few bishops in convOi' 
cation ? No. Have all the bishops is 
convocation? No. Has the lower house 
of convocation? No. Have both 
houses united ? No, Have the king 
and parliament? Yes. Who is iben 
the spiritual head of the church! 
Let the Reviewer answer. « 

The Reviewer charges the Csr 
techism with a misappliation of 
scripture. He says, *' The right of 
every man to frame a eburch foir 
himself is proved by this text, Philip 
said unto Nathanael, come and see. : 

This is a gross misrepresentation* 
If every man were to frame achurek 
for himself, it would contain only 
one person, which is an absurdity. 
In the Catechism, however, nothfng 
of that kind is said. The words are 
these, ** The apostles .urged it upon 
their hearers to examine and judge 
for themselves," that is, in affairs of 
religion. And did notPhilip urgetbis^ 
when he said to Nathanael, Com^ 
and see? He adds, *' The duty of 
dissenting from an established chris- 
tian church is confirmed by the r^ 
fusal of the three Hebrews to wor- 
ship a golden image V* This misre- 
presentation is equally unfounded 
with the former. The only thii^ 
for which this text is quoted is to 
prove, that there have been wisA 
and good men who have refused to 
conform to the established religioB. 
He further says, that the Catechism 
states, «* The discipHne of the Cfaiirc^h 



12£ 



REVIEW. 



of Boflaiid ii coodemned by the t that as it may, there wag no tempta- 



declaration of onr Lord — Tn Tain 
tbey do worship me, teaching for doc- 
trines the commandmenti of men.** 
To which we answer. This also is 
a misrepresentation, and is intended 
to make the anthor appear ridi- 
cnlous. Nothing is said in this part 
of the Catechism about discipline. 

As to the exaltation expressed by 
the Reviewer, we remind him, that 
when any one triumphs withont 
cause, be disgraces no one but him- 
self. Thus it is here. The Cate- 
chism having said, **The Jewish 
Church was doubtless national, and 
established likewise; but not by the 
power of the Civil Miigistrate, but 
* by Jehovah, who was its King and 
Lawgiver :" — the Reviewer adds, 
** or in other words, its Civil Magis- 
trate! This unhappy reasoning is 
guilty of snicide ; and being come 
to this untimely and lamentable end, 
we hope its fond parents will afford 
it, as soon as possible, a quiet inter- 
ment !^ — What then, — are the kings 
of England, of France, of Spain, and 
of Portugal, the Lords of Conscience, 
like Jehovah, the Head of the Jewish 
Church? And is that great Being 
to whose authority, and to that alone, 
in religious matters, Protestant Dis- 
senters bow, to be degraded to a 
level with a mere Civil Magistrate? 
Only prove that the national religion 
in any country has been established 
in it by the power ef Jehovah, and 
endowed by him, and we will imme- 
diately conform to it. Thus perishes 



tion^o misquote, since, if Ihe word 
*' his** was not in his prayer-l>ook, 
the thing itself was in it *' Foras- 
much as it bath pleased God ofkis 
great mereif to take untu himself the 
soul of our dear brother here depart- 
ed,** — and again, *' to deliver thi$ 
our brother out of the miseries of this 
sinful worlds** — ** we, therefore, com- 
mit his body to the ground, earth to 
earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust, 
in sure and certain hope of — resur- 
rection to eternal life'* in one of the 
editions, and of " the resurrection 
to eternal life** in the other, but in- 
capable of any other construction 
than " his resurrection to eternal 
life" in both. But 3. What are we 
to think of the Reviewer's consis- 
tency, who, on discovering this slight 
variation, by which the meaning is 
not at all affected, triumphantly 
says, that '* the quotations in this 
book are never to be trusted,** and 
yet, in quoting from Dr. Newman, 
be himself alters the word *' unjust- 
ly*' to ** most justly?*' for be quotes 
Dr. Newman as saying, '* For cer- 
tain political reasons, be very just- 
ly** fthat is, Oliver Cromwell very 
justl}'] " refused a legal toleration 
to the Episcopalians." But what 
are Dr, Newman's words? They 
are as follows, — " Though, for cer- 
tain political reasons, he vnjustfy** 
[unjustly in Italics] ** unjustlif re- 
fused a legal toleration to the Epis- 
copalians, their assemblies were 
I connived at, and several of their 



this short-lived exultation, and we ministers allowed the exercise of 



may entreat the Reviewer, instead 
of singing a funeral dirge over the 



Catechism, to sing it over his own Now I would ask the readers of 



their office, without the fetters of 
oaths or subscriptions.** 




miserable cause, which stands in 
need of so miserable a defence, and 
which is disgraced by so miserable 
a triumph ! 

He next charges Mr« Palmer witli 
misquoting. He cannot conceive 
bow the misquotation of ** his*' re- 
surrection to eternal life — ^instead 
of ** the** resurrection to eternal life, 
can be otherwise than wilful. An- 
swer. 1. We have examined only 
two Common -prayer Books, and 
one of them entirely omits the word 
"the**: it is, therefore, not impro- 
bable that Mr. Palmer's edition 



the British Review, what confidence 
they can place in a man, who, in 
his quotation, alters the word *' tcn- 
justfy' to " very justly t" It cannot 
be leplied, as in the case of Mr* 
Palmer, that it might stand so in 
the edition which he consulted ; for 
the very edition lay open before 
him, (Dr. Newman's edition,) in 
which it is printed, *' he unjustfy re- 
fused. Sec." Neither can it be said^ 
as in the case of Mr. Palmer, that 
the meaning is the same cither way ; 
for to inform the world that Dr. 
Newman justifies (instead of con- 



COBtained the word'* his.*' 2. Be I demning, which he cfoe^^ Oliver 



.Citwiwell's inlnlerance, aMinol fail 
to Gil the reader* of the Briliafa Re- 
view with initiKnation, wlien tfaej 
God bow groulf they have been ini' 
poMd npoo. Nor will they think 
i» Itio levere when we say, " What 
■bail be done udIo thee, thoa falae 
tonpier' 

The Caterbiara Iiad chafed the 
Cbarch of Ent^tand. with reading, 
en the 30th of January, " portimu 
oftcriptare relHtingto the luffeiings 
ofChrist,ai applieablelo" the royal 
martyr. TheReviewiTlQ prove tbii" a 
heavy charge, neither chfiRtiaoly nor 
courteously expreued," aaya, the 
2Tth chapter of Matthew, a part of 
Ihia aervice, was unqaealiouably 
read an the second leiison In the 
noming eerriceoriheSOih of Jann- 
aiy by Dr. Juxon, before the King's 
execution ; and then adds, " This 
blae charge of profanenes*, ottered 
ID tery coarBtt languafte against Ike 
jmr*it tkurcit in CknttaiAim, it I'n- 
died very * thocktng.' " Now we re- 
qaest tbe reader to procure a Com- 
uoa-prayer book, auil read the part 
.of llie servicu for the annnal com- 
memoraiion of " Ibe Martyrdom 
(rf' tbe Blessed King Charles 1." be- 
ginning wilb " Rigbteona art thoa 
U Lord, &0." and we are persuaded, 
if he bare not the feelingsof a bigh- 
eborch reviewer, be will call it moil 
" shoukiug." 

There ia this important difference 
between Ibe two cases. Mr. Palmer 
has only filled op tbe meaning; 
wliRreastheRoviewerhas reversed it, 
aad that without tlie onvi^le alter- 
native which he offer* to Mr. Pal- 
mer, of wilfulness ur ignorance. 

We pass over the malignant and 
cunteinptuona language with wfaicli 
this aeandalous review ia replete,* 
and shall close with the following 
qootation from tbe infcrenuea al 
Ine end of the Catechinm, which 

* The Reviewer says, in a note, 
" Dr. Newman TecommeDds to yonng 
diueoters the perusal of Socio! an 
bodu." Thia note is equally mali);- 
nsnt and aDtrue. A buok may b( 
written by a Socinian, and yet not bi 
a Socinian book. Are Rullin'a An 
cieat History, and Fenelon on Elo 
qneace, papiBh books? Or will thi 
Keviewer call Whiston's Prxlectionei 
Pliy*i9iB- Mathematics, an Arian hook 



n. )£3 

irovcB liow grosaly Ifae warlhj edi- 
or hat been iosulled and deGuaed 
ly Ibis inM chorcbman. 

" Froteitant diraenler* should alao 
>e grateful id their civil govemora, 
he king, and tliose in aulhuri^ 
loder bim, through whose clem enojr 
hey enjoy advantages, (Ihoogb no 
liber than their natural right,) far 
mperioT lo what their ancestors en- 
oyed in former reigns; and to lea- 
ily their gaalitude by approving 
hemaelvei good subject*, endea- 
louring to promote the prnsperily 
if their country, and preserve its 
>eace, with a doe regard lo ibe 
iberly of the eonatitution. 

" They onght to be sleadfatt in 
Iheir adherence to Ibe cause ofNoQ- 
::onformily, zealous in maintaining 
Ibe great principles of It, anil liberal 
ind active lo support and increaae 
it, by all such methods as are con- 
jisleol nilh peace, liberty, and 
charity; still making it appear tliat 
their zeal is principally directed to 
Ihe cause of pracliual godlineap, 
and tbe interest of Christ at large, 
even in that church from which tbej 

" They aboald love gnod men of 
every name, and rejoice wbereio- 
ever ' Christ is preached, and God 



making all proper allowance for tin 
prejudices of education, which otteh 
have too great influence on Ihe best 
of men. But a true Catholic spirit 
does not require men to give up 
their own principles, or be indif- 
ferent to the support of them ; nor 
ought we to r«Bfurm to uiiscriptnral 
modes, or submit to human imposi* 
tions, merely because they are ap- 
proved by many whom we bellere 
to be eminent ibr piety, or to hold 
the fundamental doctrines of the 
gospel." 

We wish from our hearts, that 
the tirade, with which tbe Reviewer 
conclndrs his article respecting this 
" perfecliun of beauty,' Ihe esta- 
blished church, were all correct: but 
it will require mure argument than 
be hat emptuycd to copviuce diR- 
senters that " her g'evcrnmmi is as- 
cording to primitive truth, and her 
(Jucip'ine, the resolt of practical wia- 
doui." While she " teaches foe 



1 inpHcIl oh«d<. 
■ Mithority in mathin 
r, thtj will coptiniM 
fiinlj to m;, uhI 1» act acenrd- 
in«ly I " Whotber it be right hi tb« 
■igM of God, to beaikpa anio yon, 
norf than aato €S«d : jai%e ye." 



Aa ASdreu m tke Stale of Slaatrj 
tn t&« Wett India hkndt, from 
At ComnatUe of l&e Leictttei 
AaxitUoT/ Anti-Slmtry Soeittif. 
London: Bamiltoti, Svu. Pp. 20. 
Price Is. 

This elegant and energelic Ad- 
dreu U attributed to thn prn of Die 
Rev, Kobett HaJI, anil certninlj 
contains Internal proof or i Is gennine- 
ness: a» Ifae Bune manly di;;t)ity, 
and evangelical (cnor, are jirumi- 
neni aa in moxl otberi uf hia wotki. 
Tboogfa our limit» will not admit ol 
an eslended review, we must find 
' room for » frw extracts, 

Speakiag of slavery, in our Went 
India colonies, " as far less tolcr- 
alile than tbat wbicb subsisted in 
Greece and Home, during tfao reign 
of Pagaaiui,'' the writer says, 

" Tbe only thue ordinarily allowed 
for cDltlvatiog. their small provision 
grounds, b the da; which the laws of 
all ebristlan states have devoted to 
rest. On that day, instead of being 
assembled to listen to the oracles of 
God, and to Imbibe the consolations 
of piety, they are necessitated to work 
for their living and to dispo^ of the 
prottnee <rf their labour at the public 
market: the natural consequence Is, 
that the far greater part of them are 
as ignorant of the Artt principles of 
Christianity, as though they had re- 
mainad ia the land of thair fore- 
fathers." P. 10, II. 

The aggravBtlon of the crnelty of 
the system Is represented by tbe 
oonsideration, that " its nobappy 
wlimi bave not been exposed to 
it as tbe punishment of cnme, but 
by the violence of ruffian :" 

" It was the gnsp of the marauder 
Md tbe asaassln, hurrying away hie 
victims, amidst shrieks of hoiror and 
the piercing accents of despair, which 
p«pared these Bcenu of woe. Iliese, 
•ad tb« descendants of these, an the 



r imputation than that of a 
skin, doomed to a condition, 
rere it assigned as the pnnisb- 
Ihe greatest guilt, would be 
of imrooderate sererity; we 
hesG children of aalnre, for 
^se chieSy of supplying us 
> iDgroUent which sweetens 
sts, compelled by men, who 
uelves Christians, to exhaust 
:gs, a more hitter cup than Is 
dlottad to the greatest adepts 
," P. 11, 15. 

Iwlicve few of oor reader* 
loaiuted with the following 
I proof of the folly of the 
if colonial slavery; little da 
igine, huw much per pound 
jgar actually costs Ibem! 

^ed there cannot be a more 
iroof of the folly of pertina- 
dhering to the present system, 
' acknowledged hiafaility to 
. competition with the growers 

in the £a*t ladies. In oider 
the price of East India fm- 

as to enable the planter, in 
:, to keep the market, an extra 
imposed to a large amonnt, 
people of Eagland are obliged 
>wu^s of two minions a year 
' that article, than would be 
r if a fair competition were 
; in other words, the tnbaU- 
Sreat Britain ai 



, for DO other purpose thaa !• 
the slave system in the West 
and in, opposition to the die- 
lumanity, the precepts of re- 
ad the principles of political 
, and impartial Jnstice, we 
« mart to perpetuate our own 
, than it would be deemed 
» bestow in the purchase et 
est blessing. All onr plaas 
itic improvement, jolnnl t» 
forts which ne make for th* 
of religion and virtue in 
alions, oar sebools, our Bible 
. and our niissions, justly 
■d as the peculiar glory of 
costs as a mere scanUing, 
I to what Is annually devoted 
try pkras and benevolent ob- 
perpetuation of slavery in 



LITERARY INTELLIGKNCE. 



the -Weit IndJM;— we tliraw n 
uMtbe treMnt? of (httuiictiiuy, 
hnyiogota on thealtaiof Moloi 
P. 32, 33. 

Happy «tw1l w» be to contribi 
in . Mme 6egrre lo nreveiil 
Dillon Trom " coDtinulnK p&s 
ipcctatore or a ifalem, wblcbinO 
intenninnbte def^tKdalioQ and mii 
oa 600,000 or our rellow-iubjec 
To do so will be de«pl} to )iwt: 
of Ibe giiill. " Surelj," b;*;* ] 
liall, " Ibe good Benie of tbe oil 
will at lut kwake to « percept 
of this flagrnnt enormilj, and 
PFi!ii its imimtieooe at tlie ij;aom 
*nd injastice of BOcb an nmcBiniFi 
[or two miltions a year] Id Ibat E 
aoil coostitnlional tone which 
legHhtnre witi not detjiise, — tl 
roTm an Integral part of the Bril 
domiiiiani, and vtoe lo that nat 
■hliA extends its power to Ibe 
froB-whom it witlibolds ill jnitic 

P. 24. am. 

Weleei persuaded, that, if pro] 
■leps be taken to put llie Bril 
pDlilic, eipecialljr the evangel! 
part of it, ID molion, that Ihcy t 
'inmitaiMOUflly " leeonil ibn mo 
tneBla of Kovernment in tbii J 
eoterpriie." Anotber giaiid bat 
betw(<eii Michael and bin aegi 
and tbe Srv^a and his Bti|;ei 
will looD be foui^t in the Brit 
■ aeoate: wfjen tbose who -are ct 
tempiaooil} called " Baiati" by 1 
anticbrbtiaB Weat India (lave hu 
en, will be sore to triumph, I 
ciDse God ia on their aide. Is i 
tbii a measure wfaieb demands i 
periomlf from every diasenting a 
DtetbodiU coagr^ation in the kit 
dom, m re^eotful, bnt firm petiti 
to tlie legitlalare. Let ns pray 1 
two Hovtei or Parliament, that lb 
«il| such measDK 

u, ii they may (hi 

niMi It a floal tern 

lutig rading evils 

sliTc luniea under t 

domi BrilaJD. The 

petitioini fT viittea tegibly on part 
neot, or itronff writing paper, 
enaaatiiw fhtm Ibe I'rotealant d 

wntertM ^ in the county of — 

iDtltbe friends to the Abolition 
Sl»t^ ID ottr colooles, most i 

' Bev. xii. 1. 



ben of both tivuiM of Pnliamenf; - 
Tbii> we are af opinioa, sfaootd ba - 
immediately BBdertaken, and tiM' 
inflneoce of the minister, awl dea- ' 
cons, or manager* of congregalioni, 
it all-snSicienI for (be purpose Tu 
deep now, will be to sin against 
God, and to incur tbe gnilt of Jo- 
seph's brethren, who said, " We 
Hre verity guilty concerning our 
brother, in that we saw the anguisb 
of bis luul, when he besoagbl us, 
and we would not bear." 



LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. 

Jutl PvblUhtd. 

Ths New Guide to Prayer, or com- 
plete Order of Family Devotion, con- 
taiaiog 126 Praters, each Frmfar ae- 
:oiiipanied by approprUte Rellectiona 
in a PBBsage of Stiiplure. By the 
Rev. James Hinton, A.M. Oxford. 

The Incaniation of tbe Son of Ood : 
i. Sermon preached at tbe Moravian 
:;iiapel in Maudlin Laae. By William 
Skely, M.D. The whole of the Pmita 
will be devoted to the Benefit of the 
iuffereia by Pire at Serepta. 

Sermons OD important Sufy'ects; by - 
he Rev. D. M'Indoe of Newcastle on 
fyne. 12mo. 

The Preacher, or Sketches of Qri. 
;inal Sermons. Vol. VI. ISmo.. 

Qr. Owen's Works. Vol'. IX. Stq. 

A Discourse on Edification. By th* 
Ut. C. Davy, Curate of Hampatead 
4orrii, Beilu. 



In lie Preu. 

Mautllon's Tbooghts on diftreat 
foral aBdBeligiousSnbJect*, eKtiaet- 
id 6tim his Works. By Button Morril, 
^gtish Mfnister at Calais, and Ibe 
inbuibs of St. Pierre.' 

A Biogrsphical Portraiture of the 
tie Rev. James Hinton, M.A. ofOi- . 
drd. By John Howard Binton. H.A. 
f Reading. With a Portrait. 

Lectuies oa tbe life of Christ. 8 
'ols. 8vo. By the Rev. J, Bennett 
fRotherbun. 

The Bev. F. A. Coi's Answer to the 
Lev. GrevUle Ewing|» Eesaj o^ . 
Mptim. ' ■ ■ 



f nteUtgence, ^c. 



DEHARAKA. 

Wl leun, wilb ineiprensitle gra- 
tUc«l]on, that the lentimenU we ei- 
ftrttrd lut nonlh, od the inbjecl of 
tbe praMcntion of Mr. Smith, the Mis- 
(ioDary St Demarara, tliat the MUtence 
aftbeCanrt -martial, which condemned 
him to death, would be remitted by 
hu MajeslJ, have been tallj realized. 
His act of grace has been accompBiiied 
with a conditiati, that Hr. Smith ihall 
not contlnoe at Demarara, nor risil 
any other of the West India lalandi: 
a stipolation which may peihapa have 
been dicUted a« much by regard to 
hiB peraoDal safety aa by aay othei 



Slqmetf Academical Institution. 
Thk Annnal Meeting of the Stepnej 
Academical Institution was held oc 
Tnesday Eiening, January 30, at th< 
King'a Head, Poultry. 

The Report itated, thai, doKng (h< 
past year, the applications for the eii' 
Joyment of the Society's patronagi 
have been unusually numerous, aw 
that no fewer than ten young men ban 
bean admitted. Such indications o 
an improved state of feeling amon| 
our chnrches are highly gratifying 
andenconrage the hope that the perioi 
Is not far distant when hostiUty to ai 
educated ministry shall no longe 
exist. 

Since the last General Meeting, At 
■tudents have left the AcBdemy,havin 
■everaily completed, or nearly eu, tfa 
terra of four years. Mr. Darid Davit 
has been ordained co-pa^tor of th 
church at Evesham, Worceatershiri 
where hia colleague, the iter. M 
Bntterworth, has laboured more tha 
half a century. Mr. Tomkins is pu 
■aing his studies at Edinburgh, M 
.William Davies iasupplying the ehun 
at Hailsham. Mr. May is at Ame 
sham, and Mr. Hatch is preaching i 
Helksham, Wilts. 

There are, at present, licelcestnden 
in the Academy at Stepney. Besid< 
these, fix young men are under tl 
,care of the following ministers ;— tl 
Bev. Messrs. Gray of Chipping No 
Ion, Anderson of Dunstable, Pryce 
Aalon, and Hemming of Kimbolton. 
The Mathematical Department 
filledby Mr. J.l. Duwnes. A rece 



uimtDBtion of th* ■tudesls, kindly 
■ndoeted by Dr. Gregory, garo great 
itisfaction. Dr. Gregory's opinion 
?ing, as stated in his Iteport to the 
ommittcfl, that the Mathematical in- 
TUclioQs have been " judiciously 
Iven, attentirely received, and dili- 
entlj improved." 

The thanks of the Meeting were 
Died to several friends, who have pre- 
ented valnable books to the Society, 
n proposing the Resolutions, intereil- 
ig addresses were delivered by the 
lev. J. Hughes of Battersea, Mr. 
lewtoD Uosworth, and other gen- 
Subscriptions and Qonatioas will be 
hankfuUy received by the rreoswer, 
loseph Gutteridge, Esq. Camberwelli 
ly the Rev. S. Young, at the Acade- 
ny. Stepney ; by the Secretary, the 
lev. J . M. Cramp, Chapel-place, Long- 
ane, Southwark ; and by any member 
if the Committee. 



Tat and Corporation Act$, 
Ai this subject is likely again teen- 
age tbe attention of Protestant DiS' 
lentcrs, the following quotation from 
Lhe speech of Mr. Canning, on Thurs- 
day the 30th ult. wiU throw consider- 
sble light upon the meaBures which 
his Majesty's Government intend to 
adopt. Mr. Canning evidently thinks 
that as the Annual Bill of Indemnity 
relieves from the fetatHa to which 
Protestant Dissenters are exposed, 
who Gil offices under Government, or 
in Corporations, they need not be 
concerned about the implied oAla^sy 
which is cast vfoa their prisctphi 
and charatteri: a sentiment which 
many honourable minds cannot admit. 
It seems, too, that whatever is design- 
ed to be done by the Government fur 
the Roman Catholics, will be also done 
fortheProlestantDissenters. Wemust 
Trail for further light as to what is in- 
tended by " the removal of the whole 
or part of the bars or disabilitieB." 
Let us devontly wish, that these may 
include the removal of the tacntmeitM 
ua, the disgrace to our nation, the 
snare for weak consciences, " the 
picklock to a place," which ought not 
to remain any longer upon our Statnte- 
book. Whatever petition may be pre- 
sented by Fratestant Uissenteti upon 



INTBLLIOENCE, 8CC. 



!«' 



this subject, ought toroiULtthis wicked 
device a prominent feature of its com- 
plaint and remonntrance. On a ques- 
tion, respecting the Irish Uoman Ca- 
tholics, not haviug been admitted to 
oflSces to which they were eligible by 
the Act of 1793, Mr. Canning is re- 
ported thus to have expressed him- 
self: 

** Otiiers besides Roman Catlio- 
Im'S were not eligible to certain offi- 
ces, nnd what was the remedy ap- 
plied by Parlisment 1 An Annual In^ 
demnity — He was as anxious as any 
biinourable member could be, to re- 
move those liars which impeded as 
well the right of the Crown, as the 
hopes of a very large proportion of 
iiis Majesty's subjects; but whenever 
the whole or part nf those bars or dis- 
aldhties skotUd be removed, it won Id 
be his wish that there the matter 
should rest; and the question of 
digibditjf being fully or partially ad- 
mitted, that the question of election 
should not be introduced.*' 



Thames Rivermen Society , 

For Promoting Religion among Barge- 
men, Watermen, Fishermenyand other 
Riverwen; fsisiting and relieving 
their Sick Widows and Distressed. 
President, Wm. Tuompson, M.P. 
Alderman. 
The first Anniversary of the above 
Society was held on Wednesday, 10th 
of December, at the City of London 
Tavern. In the absence of the Presi- 
dent, who was unavoidably detained 
in the coontry, the chair was taken by 
Mr. Alderman Key, who shortly ad- 
dressed the Meeting, and called upon 
the Secretary to read the Report. The 
retrospective view of the proceedings 
of thM Institntion during the past 
year, was highly gratifying to its 
friends^ who filled the large room at an 
early hour. 

The various classes of rivermen, 
with their families, inhabiting the 
banks and living upon the Thames, 
are estimated at 60,600 souls, for 
whose spiritual welfare no society but 
this exists. 

The varions resolutions were pro- 
posed by the following reverend gen- 
tlemen: — Rowland Hill, J. Drake, 
S. Neale, 6. C. Smith, A. Brown, A. 
CoweU, N. £. Popplewell, N. £. 
Sloper, W. F. Piatt, C. Wyatt, with 
Mr. West, of the Society of Friends. 
Notwithstanding the Meeting was 



prolonged until a late hour, the nu- 
merous audience departed, express- 
ing themselves gratified with the high 
treat (as the worthy Chairman stated) 
they had received from the proceed- 
ing, and the increasing prospects of 
usefulness before this Institution. It 
is proposed to publish the interesting 
speeches delivered on this occasion by 
the various gentlemen who addressed 
tlie Meeting, with the Report, Plan of 
the Society, &c. fiic. 



Births and Deaths within the City of 
London and Bills of Mortality, from 
December 10^ 1822, to December 17, 
1823. 

CHRISTENED. 

Males 13,945 > ,« .n nf Mt% 

Females... 18;784r»»"»^">«^» 

BURIED. 

Whereof have died, 

Under 9 years of age • . • • 6905 
Between 2 and S .... 1937 

6 and 10 .... 767 

10 and 20 .... 757 

20 and SO .... 1375 

80 and 40 .... 1704 

40 and 60 .... 1902 

60 and 60 .... 1932 

. 60 and 70 .... 1874 

70 and 80 ... . 1592 

— 80 and 90 .... 680 

90 and 100 .... 105 

A hundred 4 

A hundred and two 1 

A hundred ^and seven ... 1 

A' hundred and nine 1 

The Burials this year are 1722 more 
than in the year 1822. 

There have been executed within 
the bills of mortality 22— only 14 have 
been reported as such. 



Registers of Births^ SfC. 

Considerable agitation having been 
excited by the discussion of the above 
subject, in a pamphlet advertized on 
the cover of our last number, as if 
there were no value to be attached to 
the Dissenting Registers ; we express 
our earnest hope, that no persons, be- 
longing to our congregations, will 
think it necessary to procure bitpHsm 
for their infants at the parish churches^ 
for the purpose of obtainii^g a legal 
registry for them. 

Those who attach any importance 



12S 



CALENDAR 



i« a good reptltatioBy or a good con- 
Bcience, will surely not be betrayed 
into conduct so inconsistent with their 
Christian character. Editors. 



On January 21, 1824, the Rev. C. 
Woollacott (formerly of Modbury, 
Peven,) was publicly recognized as 
the pastor of the church In LEWI- 
SHAM-STREET. The service com- 
menced by the Rev. Mr. Dunn, [Inde- 
pendent] reading the scriptures and 
prayer. Mr. Ivimey delivered an in- 
troductory discourse, designed to 
shew^ by. a brief history of the princi- 



ples of dissent, that, from the time of 
WicklifT, there had been numbers of 
persons, who, by their sentiments, res- 
pecting the solfe headship of Christ in 
big Church, had been prevented from 
uniting themselves to the established 
church. Mr. Woollacott gave a good 
confession of his faith. Mr. Upton 
prayed the ordination prayer ; Mr. 
Davis of Walworth gave the charge, 
founded upon 2 Tim. ii. 1; Mr. 
Pritchard addressed the church from 
1 Cor. xvi. 10 ; Messrs. WHinahurst, 
Cowell, and Stollery [Independent] 
engaged in prayer. There is a pleasii^ 
prospect that this church will enjoy 
peace and prosperity. 



« 



O that I had icings like a Dote, 
i/or then icould I fly away and be at 
yerf."— Psalm Iv. 6. 



The souls that to Zion are bound. 
Great doubles must meet on the road ; 
And dangers attend them around. 
Ere they reach to their happy abode : 
'^lien I look to that mansion above, 
And think on the saints that are blest , 
I sigh fgr the wings of a dove, 
To bear me away to my rest. 

WheB Satan would tempt me to sin, 
Aod lead me astray from my Lord, 
Hpw hard is the contest within, 
. ^W. be strengthen my soul from his 

,word! 
O when will my Saviour remove 
This soul that is dally opprest ; 
And grant me the wings of a dove 
!Jj0 fly to my heav'nly rest? 

When pain aad disease bring my iesh 
To the verge of the dark and cold 

grave, 
How happy will be my egress, 
4iiiice a mannon in glory I have ! 
Ill rest on the arms <^ thy love, 
In Jesus'iuighteousness drest, 
And pray lor the wings of a dove^ 
To carry my soul to its rest. 

P then with what wonder 111 ^aze, 
And adore the perfections of Ood, 
'And through vast eternity praise 
ne merits of Christ and his blood! 



No more shall I wander or rove, 
Or sorrow e'er enter my breast ; 
Nor need the kind wings of a dove', 
For then shall my soul be at re«t. 

Sydnas. 



LINES, 

In answer to Query in the 2Uagazin€ 
for November, Page 465, 



Dost thou believe thyself to be 
Of sinners great and chief; 

And in thy wicked heart ean -ie* 
No comfort or relief ? 

Dost thou repent with heiMrt sintsezQ, 
' And from temptation flee ? 
Does sin bsfore thine eyes appear. 
Thy greatest enemy ? 

Dost thou in Jesus Christ believe, 

And on his grace rely ? 
Dost thou the trath of God receiTe-, ' 

And at his footstool lie? 

Then Jesus died to set thee free. 

And cancel all thy sin ; 
Oo thou thy way, baptized be. 

And follow ONLY HIM. 



Lati of Maidstone, 



J.B. 

1 



^* Moon passes Satom IX. 45 morn. 

,^* Ceres south IV. 36 aft. Altitude 

V. 69®. 27'. 

'^ IHoon passes Jupiter 1. 15 aft, 

fli^. Full Moon V. S7 mom. Too iar 
s^th tQ.pass through the Earth's 
shadow. 

16. Moon passes Mars III. 15 roorn« 

22. Herschel south VII.l morn. Alti- 
tude 150. 3o\ 



CalenDar fbr i^arcl^. 



H- 



25. Earth (as to longitude) balwvan 
the l^un and Mars, I V naorn* . . 

27. Moon passes Venus VII..aA*>r 

29. Moon passes Merpury , X«16 
morn. . , , . - 

9)0. New Moon III. 2 afteicnoojowtT^ 
far nortli to oast, her shadovv on 
' the earth. , , .^ .^ 



3hM|& Cijronfclt. 



Thkm Ht. IriiBey wu at Norwich, 



PTSMnne acconnt ofltg proceedlni^s 
M Om Norwich Bible Society, in St. 
ABdrew'a Hall, and, lubKquently, in 
the' old Library Boom, which iraa 
kindly lent by ths Mayor for that par- 
pose. Tbe statement made, at the last 
neetJDg. having been published in the 
Norwjcb Mercury, of the 18th of Oct. 
drew forth, in the Hiaie paper, of the 
1 SSth, a Tery angry letter from the 
ReT. Mr. Can-, a Roman Catholic 
priot To this Mr. iTimey replied, 
mentioning, in conSrmalion of his auer- 
tion, that " the Msi]iturei were with- 
held (rom the people by the priesthood 
in Ireland," that a Mr. T. Bush, one of 
Ihe Society'* Iri»h readers of the scrip- 
tures, had been recently violently 
tuned o«t ofUte chape) at Scariff, by 
the Rev. D.Vaughan, becansehe would 
lot promiae him to discontinue his 
cnidoytasDt. TUa produced another 
letter from Hr. Ca^, encloBing one 
fma Mi, Vanghan, wUch were also 
pnblishad in the aama paper. Vor the 
purpose of vindicating their Secretary 
boat the fonl imputation of uttering 
' falsehoods, in regard to the number 
of chSdren in the schools, &c. &c. the 
Committee deemed it adviseable to 
■end ths Iby owing itatemcDt and 
copies of letters, to the editor of the 
Narwioh T'pn', which were published 
January 84, ie%4. As they thought 
it probable theqe transactians would 
prove eventfti'l in the history of the 
Society, they conaidered it proper to I 
■uke their fHends acquainted with 
them, whilst they recommend it to 
their attention, that the worthy men, 
lie Irish readers, to whom the letters 
relate, will need an interest in their 
moat fwent anpplicatioas, that God 
nay " Mde them as in the secret of 
Uipavilion, from the atrife of tougues," 
IMjHDtect (hen from all the dreadful 
Museqvenees which may result from 
t BopintitiDtis rabble, when stimu- 
bted by peraoos of iaPuence to attempt 
their injury, and perhaps, their dca- 
Hctiog. The letter signed " William 
Read," is written by tiie father of Sir 
John Read j who ia also a Prolestanl 



clentiraan and naglairale, andwliv 
lately very narrowly escaped assas- 
sination. 

Tbe Rev. Mr. M'Kaag, who fear- 
lessly preaches in Ballina, inthenorlh- 
weat of Ireland, has a congregation of 
four hundred persons, who assemble 
in a large store-room which he ha* 
hired at twenty pounds per annum. 
It is believed (here are many token* 
of the dirlne bleaslng upon, and pro- 
tection over, all the agent* of the 



BAPTIST IRISH SOCIETY, 



ExtnuU friim the Minulet afth* Com- 
mitite, ktld January Clh, 1824, at lt« 
Bo^itut Mmion Hmue, Fn-tokrt, 
Fenchurcli-ilTtel — WiOiam Burlt, 
Etq. TriiuaTfr, m tht Cludr, Tietntf 
MembtTi nf tht Covmattti immg prt- 
a* Setrttaria. 



" This Committee, having leanteiS 
that a correspondent of the Nonvich 
Mercury, tbe Rev. Mr. Carr, has ven- 
tured to call in question the state- 
ment made by their Secretary, the 
Rev. Joseph Ivimey, respecting tile 
number of children educated in the 
various schools supported by this So- 
ciety, and that Mr. Carr baa also |mo- 
cured the insertion of a letter (nxn the 
Rev. D. Vaughao, Parish Priest of 
Scarlff, in the county of Clare, om- 
taining ^milar insinuations. 
Resolved unanimoDSiy, 
1 — "That a statement made fiuM 
the quarterly reports of their Bnpttin- 
tendenta of the Schools up to Chriat- 
maa last, just received, be Iranimilte^ 
to the editor of that paper, 

2. — " That, of these numbers, a Ttur 
small proportion are the children of 
Ptoteelanls. 

S.— "That, from lelters just re- 
ceived, it fblly appear* that the statf 
ment made by Mr. Ivimey, of (he 
manner in which Tboma* Bush, a 
schoolmaster and Irish reader employ- 
ed by tbe Society, was turned out of 
the RcHnan CaU>oUc chape) at Searia*, 
by the Rev, D. Vaughan, wa* stnctlj 



ISO 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 



ABSTRACT OF REPORT. 

29 Schools in the counties of 
Clare, Oalway, city of Limer- 
ick, and Nenagh, in the coun- 
ty of Tipperary 1067 

62 Ditto in the province of Con- 
naught 6582 

5 Ditto in the King's and 

Queen*s counties SQO 

4 Ditto in the county of Cork . • 253 
2 Ditto at the Hills near Thurles 2S0 
1 Ditto at Gany-Hiii 160 



No. 1. 



8682 



Extract of a Letter from the Rev, Sir 

John Read, to the Secretary ^ the Rev. 

Mr, Ivimetfy dated, 

Moynoe House, Scariff, 
6th January, 1824. 
My dear Sir, 

It is particularly gratifying to me 
to be enabled to report to you the 
flourishing condition of the several I 
schools in my neighbourhood, (not- 
withstanding the determined and vi- 
gorous exertions of some of the Popish 
priests) who have exerted every in- 
fluence to annihilate the useful endea- 
vours of your Society, who were the 
only persons that stepped forward to 
afford education to the wretched poor 
of this benighted county. 

I am rejoiced to say tliat the school- 
masters and Irish readers, have all to 
a man, stood to their posts firm and 
undismayed, and have by their steady 
good conduct, disappointed and baffled 
those enemies of your Schools. In- 
deed the Irish readers have done more 
than I could at all have expected, 
and the poor ignorant unlettered 
adults now, have more than a super- 
ficial knowledge of the holy scriptures : 
ahd such has been the result of priest- 
ly opposition and impiety, that many 
nave entirely seceded from Popery; 
and I perceive a strong inclination is 
manifested by others to follow their 
example. 

I think more Readers could be use- 
fully employed : as a specimen of the 
religious feeling of some of your 
Teachers, I enclose Copies of Letters 
addressed by them to the Priests, 
which are indeed far better than could 
be looked for from persons in their 
line. I am confident it will be desira- 
ble to publish these, and I recommend 
that copies of them should be widely 
circulated. 

I am, my dear Sir, 
Your very obliged and faithful servant, 

John Read. 
Rev, Jo$eph Ivimey, Secretary 
Baptist Irish Society, London, 



(Copy) No. 2. 

Seariff School, Dec. 29, 1823. 

Sir, 

Having called at Moynoe House two 
or three times this week past, expecting 
to have an opportunity of seeing you, 
to acquaint you with several occur- 
rences relative to my son's school, at 
Moynoe, but having not seen you, I 
make bold to address your Honour by 
letter, acquainting you that Priest 
Vaughan has not in the least abated 
his rigour in persecuting the Scariff 
and Moynoe Schools ; notwithstanding 
all his exertions, I have the gratifica- 
tion to acquaint your Honour that 
these schools are every day prospering, 
and more likely to flourish the ensuing 
year than ever ; for the people in ge- 
neral say they find themselves very 
much aggrieved by prohibiting their 
children from attending the schools 
established in these parishes, under 
your Honour's patronage, as knovring 
that no prejudice could prevail where 
you were concerned; and that they 
are determined not to suffer them- 
selves to be swayed any longer by his 
tyrannical authority. Then, Sir, when 
all his efforts to suppress our schoolsi 
failed, he devised another expedient, 
by going to Michael McCarthy, from 
whom my son held the house in which 
he taught the Moynoe school, since 
his commencement as master there- 
of, and peremptorily commanded 
him, under pain of incurring his mark- 
ed displeasure, not to presume let- 
ting his house in future to my son, for 
the use of Moynoe school ; and ac- 
cordingly McCarthy has given nie no- 
tice to procure another house for my 
son's school, alleging that he did not 
vnsh to incur the indignation of his 
clergyman. 

Consequently I take the liberty of 
addressing your Honour on this occa- 
sion, (as on all other similar occasions,) 
well knowing the lively interest you 
take in the welfare of the schools es- 
tablished here under your patron- 
age, hoping that your Honour will be 
pleased to procure a house for the 
Moynoe school, for the ensuing sea- 
son, or obtain aid to build a per- 
manent school-house, wherein the 
Moynoe school could be conducted, in 
spite of all opposition and malice. 

I have the honour to be. Sir, 
Your most obedient humble servant, 
(Signed) Lau. Guerin. 

To the Rev, Sir John Read, 
Moynoe House, 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 



13 1 



P. S. I have been Just now informed 

that Priest Vauglian received a letter 

from a priest at Norwich, censuring 

his conduct for ill-treating and turning 

Thomas Bush (the most active of our 

Irish readers) out of the chapel at 

Scariff ; but Priest Vaughan (slb I am 

told) has endeavoured to palliate his 

misconduct, by alleging that it was to 

protect Bush from the wrath of the 

people that he turned him out of the 

chapel ; but I assure your Honour- it 

was not the case, for Uie congregation 

seemed highly displeased with the 

priest's conduct, and applauded Bush's 

Eeal and fortitude. 

L. G. 

(Copy.) No. 3. 

Rev. Sir, 

Indeed I learn with very great re- 
gret the opposition given by yon to the 
education of the poor in this neigh- 
bourhood, the more so as I looked upon 
yon as a man of learning, good sense, 
and a philanthropist, and a man who 
must well know that the use of proper 
books will lead youth to perceive the 
errors of his fellow-countrymen, and 
win teach the mode of raising himself 
above their miserable condition by the 
honest efforts of well-directed and per- 
severing industry. 

The fears of those who vrish to put 
down education, and are weak enough 
to imagine they have the power, are 
not whhout precedent. 

Similar alarms were excited by the 
invention of printing, and the Vicar of 
Croydon, in a sermon at Paul's Cross, 
in the reign of Henry the 8th, declared, 
" either we must root out printing, or 
printing will root us out." 

These are the fears of impo8ture — 
these are the apprehensions of those 
who hate the light, because their deeds 
are evil. 

On searching ancient Ecclesiastical 
History we find that the primitive 
(^istians took all possible care to ac- 
custom their children to the study of 
the sacred scriptures, and that they 
erected schools every where for the 
purpose of instructing them in the doc- 
trines of their holy religion ; for an iur 
teresting and accurate account of the 
several Eastern schools, I refer you to 
Assemanus Biblioth. Orient. Clem. 
Vat. As this book is scarce, I shall 
give an extract from the Dissertation 
de Syriis Nestorianis : " Ab ipsis fidei 
ChristianiB primordiis Scholas fuisse 
Hierosolymis, Antiochias, Alexandriae, 
etia aliis, praecipius Palcstinae, Sy- 



riaeque ac Iflesopotamiie ecclesiis, turn 
divina auctoritas in Actibus Apostolo-. 
rum, turn Ecclesiastica Historia maoi- 
festumfacit; Erant autom, inquit S. 
Lucas in ecclesia que erat Antiochias 
prophetae et doctores. Act. xiii. 1. £t 
S. Pauliis in epistola ad Ephesios, 
Cap. iv. II, inter sacra nascentis eccle- 
siae munera, doctores commemorat, 
quoque in Epistolis ad Cor. et ad Ti- 
motheum;'' nor were these schools 
confined to the greatWi«s, but, in every 
town and village there were teachers 
who instructed the faithful in the doc- 
trines of the scriptures ; this we learn 
from Eusebias, that Dionysius, the 
Bishop of Alexandria, when endea- 
vouring to put down the Millenarian 
heretics in the province of Arsinois, 
called together the Presbyters, and the 
preachers of the Brethren in the vil- 
lages. From the disputations which I 
have already quoted, it appears that 
the sacred scriptures were the subjects 
of instruction in those schools, ^* Id. 
Clericis Menachis Monialibus fidelibus 
lariis et in more fuit et a patribus 
Prescriptum." To the same effect we 
have the authority of Sozomen, speak* 
ing of Eusebius Emmesemus, B. 3. C. 
6. He adds, it was the custom at 
E^essa, that the sacred scriptures, 
should be taught in schools. We have 
also the further commands of his late 
Holiness, Pius 7th, in a rescript ad- 
dressed by him to the Vicars Apostolic 
of Great Britain, (dated at Rome, I8th- 
of April, 1820,) commanding the read- 
ing of the holy scriptures. 

This being the fact, it will be in vain 
for to attempt to oppose the orders of 
your church ; and these recorded cus- 
toms, which cannot be innovated by 
you, if you do not rebel against an 
authority you have sworn on the holy 
gospels to obey ; desist, therefore, your 
useless opposition, and search the 
scriptures, which are able to make you 
wise unto salvation, through faith, 
which is in Christ Jesus. 
I am. Rev. Sir, 

Your obedient servant. 

Amicus Juventutis. 

To the Rev.'D, Vaughariy 
P. P. Scariff. 



Testimonial to the Character of Thomas 
Bushf since receiined. 

"I DO certify that I have known 

Thomas Bush, (Irish Reader to the 

; Baptist Society,) since a child. He has 

always conducted himself with th^ 



IRISH CIlltO.NICLE. 



gTMtMtpropiietf, ud M k iblct, ho- 
■ett, npnRot, Md peue^l« mani 
nxi ttom What I btje heard, I do be- 
llete that he did not make uie of an; 
baproMt lanrgMB to hiiMriih priest, 
Ht. Vaashui/^l&^^lbputtlnl 
Uin OQl of Ui cBapel. 1 k«<re heirif 
•ome of hi* congregation ceaanie him 
for doing so; loaamach as that oddi- 
ben of them, I am told, fioched round 
Bush, mithin a fen jardi of the chapel 
door, to listen to him while reading a 
portion Bf tlie Irlt^ 8crl|rt«Tea. after he 
naa tqmri oat of the duipel by the 

" Vm. Re*d, 
" Rtcttr and Prebendary ef 



would read for fou, jiou would not 
place anjconfldencaiu what the ^eat 
conid do." So she read the following 
passaget: " Tfaia la the stone wMe£ 



l^'l 



ana • 
given among men whereby we ma; 
be saved, but the name of Jesna 
Christ ;" and many other remarka she 
made to her sister on this aubject; so 
that, from this, and many other such 
LDBtaoces, we may look forward with 
expectation that the rising generation 
will praise Ood and bleia the So- 
ciety. 



" ToMgrni GUU,Jm*. ST, 1624." 



Fram an Iria Reader. 

Bayb, Ja». 31, 18»4. 
SiNca my last Jonrnal, I ipeot most 
of my tima on a tour throngh the 
MMotief of Letrim andSllgo, and to- 
gather with steiug all the schooli on 
ny way, I hare exerted myself, as far 
|Uln my power lay, to read the word of 
Ood to every one who was willing to 
liaar; and, beginning at the town of 
Sligo, I met an old acquaintance of 
niae from Liaey, who was rejoiced 
to w« me, and reproved me very 
ntlch for not going to see him when- 

. *v«r 1 pass through the co.nnty. 
"Ofcl" aald he, " theTestameDlyon 
gar* me, together with what you told 
me about the all-suffipieocy of that sal- 
vation wrought by the friend of sin- 
ners, Christ JesQS, has made such an 

. imprcHifw on my mind, that I never 
dull forget it ; for I plainly tee from 
the Testament that what you told me 
U the truth. I never since went to 
awn, and I am resolved never to go 
near." He also told me of a brother 
of bis, who was listening to me at the 
different times I called at their place j 
that be it as much attached to the 
Testament, and sees the truth of the 
gospel as well as himself; and more 
•o, thovgh he is a cripple, confined to 
kit bed these many years back. I have 
.- Men another instance of the power of 
Ike word of God in a young girl, who 
was for »ome time at one of our 
fcbools. and she committed a good 
■any cBapters in the New Testament 
to memory. A few days ago a sister 
•f her* died, and when the priest came 
to anoint her, " Oh 1" said the little 
(iri, " BlarTi If yon would believe one 

tffwMfaioraaBoIyScriptani that I 



FnmlhtRn.J.M'Kvieto Mr. Ivimtj. 
BalHna, Jo. SO, 18S4. 
My Dear Brother,— With pleasare I 
lake tip my pen to Infbm yo> of onr 
nelfare, and tke protpmity at'tka 
muse of truth- In Mi noigkbpoifcid. 
Von heard that the place fa whtek 4*a 
met for divine worship eoatalaeAIII 
persons, which In tiravad'waa t«tBlil<- 
therefin* we tave |>ka*« 



rreneetinit— It eoDtalBslMpi 

By next month yon may expcot ^t»M- 

?eive a full account of Oto atata DftlM 



! Committee, for you* »oty li_ 

ind chrisUan conduct loW«r4> - 

Vonr humble and unworthy mMiMi 

JoHBM'KUb. 



rke fetleiBing Sitieriptun* kons tM* 
rtctived, 

■ ■ « -I- 4. 
CoUectedat Bath, by Mr. 
Prilchard. 
It the Bev. M(, Portet"! at 

. Bath tU T 

rbe Hath Auxiliary, on Be- 
half of the Baptist Iri*h . ; 

Society >. . It ia ..M 

inndry Subscriptions 7 1.01 

Collected at Frome, by Do. - - 
IttheRe*. Hr.HuTcfa's... S I "« 
U the Bev. Mr. Saunden' 11 • '• 

£47 -ft 

*,* Othor inbseriptima, raulnd 
he laat quarter, will ba ■fjtmni1|l||ri 
n the next Cbronlclfl. 



Mi^siionwc^ ^eralb. 



BAPTIST MISSION. 



f0re<gn SntelUgnirr. 



Extract qf ■ Ittterfnm Dr. Cvn *• 

Dr. »fU»d,dtttd 

JiiV18,lMS. 



ftiChatem JnTeB3> 1 
■Alto, ir»a held )d Cbathua, Nvram- 
terU, IflM ; irtaen H wu nuniBoqi- 
1* fMlmd to derote « pordon oT theJr 



„ IB Mp iw rt of * Natlre Fe- 

1^ BAod at SautpoN, 10 be BaJlMl 



■Dm Ghkttam IMon Sduml." "nie 



hfno onrtMMa giTen, u to 

a at female tocLetr hi todla. 

Oqrt. Pvdmr, HononrvbU Eut India 
CtmpMsf^Serriee.tru jn the Ckair. 
llnftor.WeMn- F. A.Co^ J.Canw- 
Ml frav Kiagiland, J. SlUterie, It. 
f^tffJ, tocethw with Major Wation, 
||b«L WATtfant, K.H., Capt. Fabian, 
BAV., and other jmtlMnett, addrened 



lieBoapelba 
r ftdUalt 

I 

The death oTn, 
■UU la, UBidi fdt hr ne. 
UgUy nsefnlin corteotUg utvnd ver- 
■loDi of the HriptuMi a«4 feMBR 
then (hronah the preia. HwvuUof 
that, ia Addlttoa to hj Dinner laboaH, 
■owAUeoamo; Iha*e aboMRiged 
to eoTMct aad pabHah the labom of 
the late Sev.Mr.SehroeteriiriMwaieia. 
plojedtaa MinioBaiTbTlbe C' '' 



to th* Memory of Mr. 

Tiu iilei^ jwnnftcted vitfi .the 
Ouq^l in l&tmfe^lTEet, BuU, (whcEe 
Hr. Ward wu JM^Uwd,) aire verj de- 
■iaiw.io eiect a moniuaeiit to hU me- 
jaarf.yiil^Oi^^i'Oiit- ItfiAnppoKd 
that abont £>U, in -additioii to nlut 
ma he -mUad on the apot, will be 
jnficient Saz thefvpoK, and we ia,w 
Mra aaqneaUd toiintiaiat«i,lhaiaHvt- 
.UMiiJGroni.theFeiHinal friebdaofMr. 
tfardito that exteiit,nUl begiatefnllj 
leceived. The Secretary will readily 
tike charge of any subsciiptitnis far 
'1h(i ohjoot, «*hlib may bpftiwarded to 
tW Wlilan Hmue, No. 0, Feo^court, 
Fendnweh-atrwi. 

■VOL. XV). 



mateiiidlB for a 
aad IHottonaryof the Bbote orlUbot 
iHigaage. ne Omnnar I nraetwilte 
from'hia materlaU, and the intarpre- 
tallcHH (tf fte woida in the DieltiMi- 
ary being in the Italian Ummage, t 
shall have to tranilate. My Benjcdee 
DiciioDary wlTl take MIy anotheryear 
before it la prijited 9ft; and to add to 
mylaboBT),! reCfeiTedT**terday ffom 
SoTernment an appohitwest lo' ■ new 
office, in addition to that of Profeaior; 
■ris.fhat of Tranilator ef the Rechla- 
tions of the GorenoivOeneTal in Conn- 



ISi MISSION ART HEUALD. 

du&liyunoDK the nsUTes, I received collected, *t ft debt of 700 oi^ rt- 

aletter from Mnnihyr* a few weeks mBlos; and if all the labacrtptiODsai* 

aco, giiiDg an account of the baptism collected, we shall hare enough, and 

of •evera! pejatBte,. SiUef £baniber- lo spare. How wonderfully we have 

lain aaye, " ^^tbapptnen wodld it been trlcfiM in oiir efforts ! Three 

hare giien my late huabaiuf to have yeart ago'lhls place "^as without a 

witnessed what I have since seen." gleam of goapel light, except when 

A letter received yesterday from Bro- any of our brethren came to the home 

tber Thompson of Delhi, menlions a of a fiicnd, and spoke to a few indivi- 

nomber of highly encouraging circum- duals that could be collected together : 

ataoces. One received from my son now we have the' happiness of wit- 

WilliMlIn', a fortnight ago, informs me nessing nearly all the inhabitanb as- 

that his eaGoaiagemeDt lately has been semble on the Lord's-day, to visit the 

more than foir a long Ume past. Bro- sanctuary! O that the Spirit may 

ther Fernandei has baptized nearly hreathe on Hie dry boDesi ud ttiat it 

twenty persona within the past year; may be said of our new chaptt, This 

.AndBMtlw Fink has baptized seme of and that man was bom there ! 
the Mugs or Arakaneme, and soon ex- I am pleased, to add, that on coo- 

pecta to baptize more. sultiog one or two of my friends, we 

-'Seboolsm the education of native have determined to bnild a Native 

•rftanale chUdtCD have been successful placeof worship on a plan more likely 

rhayottdall expectation. Tbere are a to gain the attendance of the Natit^es 

.gnat Domher of Urge schools in Cal- than any yet built j the expenee to ke 

' i(itrita,raie0dby Mrs. Wilson(formerly defrayed by these individual*. ..Bip- 

.Hin-Cooke). .1 thiak we hfve twelve, ther Carey was here the other.dfty to 

•«T aum,' at Setampore and its neigh- consult vvilhns. May the Lord aparore 

^ boarkofld, which are .regularly visited and prosper the work of our hands! I 

bf onr young ladies every day ; and I find a greater willingneas in Uie Na- 

:•«. happy to see the livety interest lives to receive tracts than foraerty. 

-ther take in this departoieDt At the I visited a family of Brahmins, of Ugh 

lM*feitival of drawing the Car of Ju- caste some mond>s ago, wbOfWould not 

Joraath, which, hy the by a, ends this touch a tract. I left a few al a Ba- 

1^, I think our bietbren. dispersed nyan's shop close by; by that m^atis 

aooOpa^iiilets in the Bengalee Ian- they got aaiicht of them^aod the last 

>^an. Brother Mack was ughly gra- time I went there (it is about sis miles 

ilMeS by seeing one man mounted on distant,) 1 was agreeably surprised by 

■ttM.Carnearthe.wooden horses secur- an application from them for some 

'inits tract- with the utmost care. We tracts, I had plenty— I garelibarally. 

' trait (ome of Ihis seed will spring up ; Last week a boatman called upon me, 

_._ .!._ ■ 1. __j to whom, about nineraonths agoylhad 

given some Gospel Magazines in Ben- 
galee. He had made a voyage up 
the river to Bankipore ; he said his 

-^ ■ — friends there were so interested with 

MnnrnAti *^ books, they had begged him to 
■v i „ , , ?',.^, bringmore: I supplied iSS,. O that 
.Jn-Ht Ntagkbom-btwtffKMtmttti. these crumbs of bread cast on the 
"— —- waters may be seen many days hence. 
Etirdtt if a LeUer /rem Mr. Statlum I to-day have had an interesting cen- 
ts Afr. i>y«r, doted versation with a rich Baboo, which, 
jHM.lBaS. D. V. shall be related in my next, I 

•nd WkR ^ed on the 2711. April the frienda of Misuons may indeed re- 

dions one; it h^ cost altogether • • 

' about 111,000 rupees— ntost of which MOOBSHBOABAD. 

. 1 have the pleasure to say, lias been 

. -;: — :- r --- . ^ . Several Lelters have lately 



MISSIONARY HlftALD. 



Sulloa, who hat been as diligcDt- 
.U em|rfo;ed in the Miaiioniry 
^bonr, a> tbe stale of hi* health 
*ai permit. We are much coq- 
cenicd to add, that the last ac- 
e«unts from him, were much legs 
fiTourable on this head, thaa we 
could wish. 

Under date of April 16th, he 
menttotia ao interview bya brother 
Misuonary, at one of the large 
auembliea so common in Bengal. 

LuT week I met Mr. WilliaiD Caray 
oT Cotira, at a large auembly of 
MtiTea at Atwardeep, where we fonnd 
imnmviu and attentive congrsfitioiis, 
who beard with gUdiMH, and reeeiTcd 
books and tracts with greediness. The 
dMt, noise, and heat of these assem- 
bbas, are tryios i hat the eoasider. 
ttion of our Itavine done our utmost 
to ipake known the riches of the gos- 
pd, Is mare than a compenution for 
•11 onr tronble, and indeed 1 think I 



ay health Is. BroUier Csrsy was 
aanttoning to me seTCiml inatances of 
Ibealow, but yet sure workings oflhe 
tntth: one old man lately came to 
Cntwa ftom Beertmom, and declared 
Us desire to embrace Christ, for he 
sdd he liad beard the gospel for eigh- 
teen years, and had ofteo spoken to 
his family on the aluurdity of idolatry, 
)nt ts he coald not perioade them to 
Mlow him, he bad determined to give 
Unsalf up to that religion which he 
knew to be the only true one. Another 
instance was also mentioned, brother 
Carey preaches on the Thursday eren- 
ii^ near the river, and lately several 
native females sent for one of tha 
native ohristians, begging to be in- 
stracted more aboat Clirist, for they 
•aid they liad tor a bng time attended 
secretly at or near the place whsre 
Inother Carey preached, in order that 
th*y might hear the gospel, bat they 
were afraid to send to bring any one 
to speak nore folly on the snbjecl 



- A second coiomunicBtioo, dated 
in May, describes snotber vUil 
to a similar conconrse of people, 
Dear Berhaiapore. Before lh< 
close of that moath, he tooli 
another excursion with the sami 
view, of nbicb the following ac 



is giveu, imdar data flf 

Jth. 

jonmey la May to tha asseaUr 
igypore, was both intereatias 
ofltable, and with tha aaststanoa 
o-krishna, the gospel was mada 

to many. The preaching «f 
irishna, appeared to please the 
I greatly ; !iii illnstiatlons were 
nd inch as they ooold aU fnllT 
itaad I Oar msthwl of procea*- 
■B this, namely ; We attended 
in the morning, and continaad 
■ sun was hot ; and afterwards 

evening, till dark. Upon oar 
. among the people we took **r 
I in some prondneat place, whefe 
commenced and ccntiraad 
ng for fiftocB or twenty ndnalea 
igalee. I>ran-krishnB than fair 
fbr about half an hour, 
ihich we distrlbnted tracts aad ~ 
of the scriptures, and procaed* 

a second place In tiie fak, 
we did likewise, and so on ta 
t, and this we continned i* tha 
ig and eveidng for time days. 
.ve ODC nattve inquirer, be was 
iselman, and has throw* away 
ite. I cannot say much cmweia- 
im St present, he appears da- 
of Instruction. 

ing the last week, 1 had two 
it mj home, who iateiuad »e 
md received some tracts fress 

several fairs, and they wishs* 
ire, as they would be attentively 
n the village in which they lived, 
old be vain for me to say any 
conreming tbe progress which 
o«peI is mating in general, 
[b India, for wa are li^le to so 
miscooahaction ; but I am often 
hope it is greater than outward 
ranees would lead oa to suppose. 

feel wo have very many di»- 
} to encounter, bnt greater is ha 
s for us, than all who can be 
itna. TAsaumataiatfJialsrda 
must be ezoUcd a&welAe Mu, 
t jMitni ilu.ttjl«w imlo it. 



DIGAH. 

ti of a Z<«<^ /r«» Ml*. «siM *• 
Mr.'&^ervi dated ' 

D^iA, April ta.iaxt. 

a native brethren are pretty ac< 
in their daily labonra of love 
g their coontrymen, bnt still 
nt any apparent sucoesa. The 
evening (hey accompanied me 



■ISC MIIII|9NA»T UKIIA4.D. 

•n • vikit I* on* otaof aatin schooli . 11w nktin iclioak, uale uid fesulf) 

in ft neighboiirln^ villlfte. On tb( Ue nncb a lUntl, rodMpt tbe MiiMl 

BpMMdBeveraltfaraaUDgflMn Awglrte at Piaagt^n. lUa hMMf 

"■ -^■-- -"- tlfwd. Ut« <k«Uaai, bat i>9 have Mtjal 

iban « been abia t« aaoerbna llie eaoaa. Tht 

t aa^dyatl la Mvaraliai cbildrea are getting ob, all thiitEB 

laacbaffthm-t^aMni, b; wiaitawing consirfarecl, as well as we can aspact. 

to a bl|^ wijid. The kbkib, aad em- Mi«. Caipeniar baa fbor ttatt** fbk 

liloTnaatotrftkaaetabsuren.MtanJlj iaherachool, anil riia embraae* ervr 

«n^i|aata<t ktcit tMfortatit aabieol on opportuoit; that oifers, of Mmeniac 

i*Ueh to. OMiiBaaea a coiiTena|ii», wiih natira TeiualeB reapeeliaB ^ 

Ike barrMt «f Iha gnat da;, Tbou gospel. 

^•eat appeared to be greatly in- ». ,u ,: *► -o'. 

down beine«B th^ preeent onploy- tmnsmituci an accounl of tb« 

tUDtiti, and What t* ta lake place in " Lyme Female School," under 

the aayertha Lord Jcbur. After wc the chnrge nf Mrs, Rawe, TO the 

bad dnwn tka cempariaon, and all friend, in iliat town hv wham it 

Kpptmi mBchlDleiMledia tbeaub- i"*""* in inaiiown d» wnom u 

jwit, ifie all-tepoitatit qu««tioa wm " supported, froia wkuti we tia*c 

pNpoMd: Shall 1 then be foanii been favoBRO With tbefoKewing 

WDimg the AnfT ts (Kb wheat T The extract. 

-MatfanatviafiratputpenDDally toiw „^, . ^ .„. 

ilelUgeat biamhon who hadtaken a "THeMuaaahTe wamui*tDtM|C*- 

adiagpartin theooaverfatkm. He P"'** j^'lJ^,'*.'**^'^* *~** 



aumj dlOcaltUs, in her endeaTDiiBB tn 



toadiag part in tlte (Wsveraation. 

•aid la rfnlj: "Thla is a »erj , -_ , --. „, , 

vcigbtyqneitinn, andloonfenlaB i«P™" Wr mw<^ Sb« ^ ^ » 

notl«etogiTei*an.et." Ween- ^^Uwi •« !*«« W*^**, -1-. a arttorof 

daaronrMl \, .bw hin what wu SL"»i V*"'' h"*"^:.;?"^ "^ ^ 

neoaaaary era ont ailnda oouW be ^ ''"'*»: H^w'* J!"" *'"*?■ 

•atlaSnl on a paint ao nonealoaa. cri"*ap«™»*.'>fhw wtlt*. Ii» 

Whan w. had^aed, tba brahman S"^"^,? ^"f^"'?^ J^T** 

nddreeainghimaelf tahiaeotuit-ynien, ^^" t?-'^te."HSl!L^,.'^3^ 

•dd) -"bnAlH-.! what ea^piknt fS^Spri^***^" J^ book..^ 

mMatbaae m: theae words are **^ u - ^"^"^ "tJ?!^ 

mtk." I conld not help being aSM. S^. l.^L^?^*' "^'' ^"^ 

•dta >«aan»n ao near the kiagdo. oh««eKr «»™a«ly » 

time, and would nota 

ttiay^al DPncWna DariaE tkat period aba waa neaeaiit. 

Oannotberwe^nwemelwithB !?!.^'*."^ "^J'^'T'''^"* f^ 

bnnhiui.raTeeydiSerealcbaraot.r. ^"^ •' "^^ wlarvala, whea bar 

Oat of tlua >an we nnild eat nothiag ^l?^'' "".f'*'"'^'*!'^" '»^"*- 

aatdy nafaitalMd Uiat ke waa not 
Aiaer. Being pauaad too doee r 

bv aC^r >«^.*l>e wmM let k tcMM Ann Ik* 

' ■ ^^ ~ Butar, UHl ivqiitMt him to sotae uy 

diHoolliM diftMctwiihiBlwrwidc*- 



wu dlnoud » >liK Mioi. lad u ;»«"?«'" fSTi. J? '^ f 
taandUla nTmc U G«i. TU. ""S**™ "fWiJwMltav-dil- 
Iiinliicad m, a>iicndoi.. Aq .pp™i '"■ '" » "'^ ""d ""1" " aaokM 

wlwm sftva it acaHut tim. Be itH! **" "^ 'T^'"™' "*'*«* '■^^ 

iiwuidli i^^sM a.1 h> hui, u W™"! '". "'" " " Tia'T' 

la»l> pait. liil M. n-m, nd ha JS'J'SL:'" l"doo.mo.l,t»i hr 

tlIadld..<md?aatkalb.«aTa lia<lDK»W8a,»a« •!»« ~1» kai 
uvlil 



wards laid. 



' Nadva aehootjaiabaaaea a 



MlSftiaNARY UBRALIIr 



13T 



comrerted, and we eonfidenfly hope 
tUt God, in thus blessliig them, in. 
,tiiiisl»iSBkethemable8fing. 'riiefe 
•voiMB, and erea the paon Walee, 
wkO| we fear, ia still in heathen dark- 
MM, appear to great advantage, con- 
tiuted with those Who have never at- 
Inapted to gain lustraction. I was 
iMflh. atnidi with this cnrcuaMtance 
while obaerviaipthe difference between 
the sitoation of one of these school- 
mistresses, who is the wife of our Na- 
tive brother Harree Das, and that of 
one of the neighbours. She appears 
in her house with all the indeoendence 
^ a Eun)pean woman, while her 
Mlghbovr is kept In the greatest de- 
gree of servile subjection. The hus- 
band of tiie latter considers himself so 
inmaeiblate, that if his own wife were 
%i toneh the food he was about to eat, 
itwoald be rendered un^ for his use ; 
lad wke is so deplorably isnorant as to 
tbSnk this is in reality the case : yet 
imsa tliia vmoi and woman have con- 
iMted to let their daughter attend one 
sfowrachbels. Toeireteome the pre- 
Ja^^s of the Natives, and ebtain the 
street whieh Kes so near our hearts, 
flast he it woik of time and perse- 
teianoe ; and Ood often sees fit to ez- 
•Mlse our fdith and paittence, for the 
paraoae of pnMng our sincerity. We 
ihin aasomUj veap, if we faint not. 
Indeed ire hav«! already seen the fruit 
«f o«r Mnmr. If we look at detached 
ptrtv ef the worii, we shall perhaps 
iM diaeoaraged at the little which 
kts beea apparenUy effected ; but if 
we take a view cf all our efforts com- 
Maed, we shall be constrained to say 
Ml hasdonegteat things for us. How 
iMmy have been stirred up to promote 
tUs ebjcet, how many Native females 
m lMti%feled in dilferent parts of this 
ssmtrf^ what aveeess has already at- 
tended these first efforts! — We have 
Hssenta blesB Godaod take courage." 



COLOMBO. (Ce^hm.) 

A LvTTBm, kitely received from 
Mr, Cbaiw, camvcys ttiegnrtify- 
ih% kMclHgtfivce of tM tompletion 
or the important work in which 
he luHi beest Ibr several yc«ra, «n- 
gufcd^in •'COiiiiexMn with two- 
AM^sflMiades of tnother denomi- 
ai^fQti. ** The whole of the Bible 
ii noiw |rmbii«4 ieto Sioghaletc, 
and an edilioa^f l^Qd^ eoj>ies hf 
pitlllM'eC" ^ --'^ '''■■':... 



BENCOOLEN. 



■*«v 



In the quarterly letter from tbia 
station, dated in Jan. 1823, there 
is a paragraph, which will interest 
many of our readers, as tending 
to shew the gradual effects of the 
cstabKsbment of a Malayan press, 
and as introducing a very favora- 
ble specimen of their ethical com* 
positions. 

Some of the Natives seen desirous 
of employiog ike ptieas ia priotteip 
some of their favourite books. Pro- 
posals are now ia ciroulatioa for priat- 
^S>by subseriptton, a very popular 
aative work, called ^ The Crown of all 
Kings." It is in reality a translation 
from the Arabic ; but it is one of the 
best books, both in point of style and 
moraNty, which the Malays have 
amoag them ; and it would, we believe, 
be helping them to advaace a step hi 
dvilizalioa to print it for them, if a 
sufficient number of sabsctibers can be 
procured. The proposal originated 
with the natives, and is one ol thosd 
slight indications of improvemeat^ 
which we cannot behold without p]ea« 
sure. That you may form some Mea 
of the kind of morality contained ia 
this work, we will subjoin a few ex- 
tracts for year perusal, 

E»trmet$ from a Maknf Beok ceSed 
The CroKm •/ m6 Kimfs, 

" The vehicle of human life never 
stops ; it is always moving, but man 
does not know it. Every breath of 
man is like a step in his Journey; 
every day is like pasting a vslley; 
every month is like a mile ; and every 
year is like a league. 

« £very breaih that is emitted freu 
the body of man, is like a stoae brokev 
dovm fi!om the house of his life ; fey 
every breath diminishes the time 
whkh he has to live. By another 
mode of reckoning, everyibvaath is likcr 
a step, by which we reoeda farthtef 
from the world, and apjproach neate 
to eternity. 

<' This world ia in truth tike A' telh* 
pqrary bridge ia the asad to «tertfitj^^ 
aad .whoever eiects adwelliagmr t^: 
bridge, for the sake of eii^oyukgfMJ^ 
sure, is ignorant and foolish. If a vrise 
man erects a building on this bridge/ 
he mnsidfin that he maat'SOeto l&ttrk 
it; /and hadoes not-encambei Idaiseif-' 
with oraameats and .hwurlaai imt-hla 

vaM Is-sel Mt«BkiBg ;p f6|S nai i i^ qtW 

;..-"5 ;•.•■: "^ 



136 



MISSIONARY HkRAtk. 



hiB journey to another world ; a Jour- 
ney which is both long and difficult. 
He does not wish to load himself iVith 
iiseles^ burdens, for the more the bu- 
giness of life, the more thought, 
anxiety, and trouble while he liTes, 
i^d at death, impatience and regret 
that he must resign his life, and leave 
his property to another. If his pro< 
perty has been la\v fully obtained, it 
causes him trouble while he lives, and 
iinpatience and regret at death ; and if 
it has been obtained unlawfully, it 
causes anxiety in this world, grief at 
the hour of death, and exposes him to 
pojusjhment in the world to come. 
. .. *' Some wise men have said : < This 
woild is like a dream, and all the in- 
habitants of the world are like persons 
ai^ep ; and when they awake, they 
find that nothing remains of all those 
things about which they have been 
dreaming.' 

*' Some vrise men have said : ' This 
world is like lightning ; as soon as it is 
feen it disappears.' 
. « Some wise men have said : < This 
world is like an old woman, profusely 
ornamented, and arrayed in beauti- 
faUy coloured garments; seen at a 
diatance her appearance is captivating, 
and those who do not know her are 
enamoured with her, but those who 
know her, despise her.' 

". Some vfiae men have said : ' This 
world is like an inn on the road, writh 
two doors ; those who come to this inn 
fOrday, enter at one door, and to* 
morrow when they leave, go out at the 
other.' 

(To be continued,) 



PADANG. 



The last letters received from 
Mr. Evans, by the Secretary, 
were dated in May, 1823, at 
which time his health continued 
60 delicate as to lead him to fear 
that he may be under the neces-* 
sity of taking a voyage, " a reme- 
dy," he adds, " which uothiug 
but immediate risk of life would 
reconcile my mind to." 

•From this cause, and others to 
which we have bad previous oc- 
casion to allude, Mr. Evans's 
exertions ^bad been, of necessity, 
confined -within narrow limits. 
The Mpjtejs had greatly, P^ued. 



bim by their extreme apathy, 
and from the Europeans Dothiog 
like aid or co-operation was to 
be looked for. Amidst all these 
discouraging circumstances, ho\i[- 
ever, he had met with one little 
incident adapted to suatain and 
cheer his miud with the hope that 
he bad not been directed thither 
in vain. We give the account m 
bis own words : 

^'Soon after our removal from the 
town we became acquainted with the 
widow of a respectahle European, who, 
like many of the ladies born here, 
could speak little but Malay. We 
used frequently to see her, and were 
much pleased by the willingness^ and 
sometimes even anxiety, which jik» 
manifested to learn more of religion 
than she knew. A few months after 
we knew her, she became sick, and 
was confined to her house, where ^e 
frequently went to see her, and I read 
and talked vrithher on the bestthings, 
with which she always seemed well 
pleased. As she grew worse, our visits 
were more frequent, a^d I sometimes 
prayed with her, for which she ex- 
pressed herself thankful. At length it 
pleased the Lord to call her hence. 
During the last few days of her life I 
often cfidled upon her, and conversed 
with her, and from aU I could gather, 
felt a strong hope that she died in the 
Lord, tier knowledge was limited 
indeed, but as far as she knew, her 
heart seemed rightly disposed. She 
perceived herself to be a sinner, and 
professed to hope for mercy only, 
through the Kedeemer^ and surelj 
those who trust in him shjAll never he 
confounded V* 



We have this morning, (Febra- 
ary 19,) been favoured by a 
friend of Mrs. Evans, with an 
extract of a letter from her, dated 
so late as September last, wbieh, 
we rejoice to perceive, gives jn. 
more euicpiiraghig atatemeut oC 
affairs at Padaug« . 

The government permits as to purw 
sue our way without either molatrting 
us, or appearing to nve any aanctiiiB 
to oiu praceediugs. Mr. Evans is out 
niost evenings, distilbating books and 
preaching, or rather talking to tb^ 
i people. Last evening I accompanied 
I him : I think he must have^ha^ thirty 

I 



MISSIONARY H&RAL0. 



139 



liearerf, tfaey were very attentire, and 
nceived some books with much plea- 
mre. Some who had previoiislf re- 
oeived books, will ^o so far at to aay, 
that what theyoontain ia viiqaestioo- 
ably true, but they give no reason 
when asked — why are not their prin- 
ciples adopted? In general, I fear 
ilMir remarks are only complimentary. 
It is a difficult matter to ascertain the 
real sentiments of a Malay. Mr. £. 
has lately sent in another petition to 
the Governor General respecting the 
schools. The petition is going through 
the hands of a gentleman, who is ex- 
pected to return to this place in a few 
months as Lieutenant Governor. He 
is now Colonel of the forces, a charac- 
ter with whom we are highly pleased, 
and from whom we have received 
many, polite attentions. He has pro- 
mised to eEXisrt all (is influence and in- 
terest on o^lt behalf. We have lately 
receivied so many attentions from per- 
sons in power, that we cannot help 
thinking it is all a token for good. I 
hope it is onr earnest wish that every 
tldng may tend for the furtherance of 
the blessed gospel. 

You will be pleased to hear that Mr. 
Evans a few months since, baptized 
an English gentleman, whiuh excited 
a great deal of emotion, though 1 fear 
not rapcfa interest, for alas ! the Eu- 
ropean inhabitants are for the most 
part, so much immersed in the con- 
cerns df the worjid, as to leave far be- 
Und all thoughts of God^ and anxiety 
for their eternal welfare^ &c. 



KINGSTON. 

We have the pleasure of an- 
Boancing the safe arrival of our 
friends, Messrs. Philiipps and 
Phiilippo, with their wives, at 
Kingston, on the 21st of Decem- 



her^ after a vtrj pleaiant and ik« 
vourablepassflge of 'seven weekf, 
Tliejf li|uded,at Po;£ Moran^ Pa 
the Idtb, and were roost kiodij 
and hospitably treated by the 
owner of the estate there. On 
Saturday they proceeded by water 
to Port Royal (the wind not be- 
ing favourable for Kingston,) 
where they experienced a most 
cordial welcome from the friend 
at whose bouse the miAiiters Acm» 
Kingston are accommodated i 
and on the Sabbath morning, at 
sunrise, reached Kingston, to the 
great delight of the numerous 
friends there. 

A subseqnent letter from -Bfrl 
Philiipps, (dated so lately as the 
T!2th of January,) states, that on 
the last Sabbath in the year 
(1833) he commenced his work 
by bat)tizibg, in tbe'neW^ <ihapel, 
one hundred . and forty-eigbt 
persons, whiose characters bad 
previously andergone the strictest 
scrutiny, and who, we were led to 
believe, had, through grace, 
been made pure by the • bl^»d of 
the' Lamb. On the same-day^ 
an addition of one hundred and 
one persons was made to the se- 
cond church, under tbe care of 
Mr. Tinson, 

Mr. Coultart, whose arrival in 
England with Mrs. Coultart was 
noticed in our Number for J anu- 
ary, has re-embarked for his inf? 
portant station at Kingston. 



CmlribuHatu received by ^ Treasurer ef the Baptist Missionary Society, from 
Janauaj 2^, ^ Fekruary 20, 1824, not including Individual Subscriptions. 

FOR THE MISSION. £ s. d. 

Nordi of England, Auxiliary Society, by J. Li, Angus, Esq. Treasarer* 



North Shields . • 8 15 
Sunderland • . • • 2a 15 
Hamsterley . • • • 7 8 
fiowley... •• 
Hindley ..< 
Kewcaatle 

Do. byMiaa Angas 18 
Bo. JaTenile . • • 8 
Snryport -••.•• • 



. • • • 



8 

3 

13 



3 
d 
2 

1 
7 



2^ Broughton 

6 Collectiong and 
Donations in the 
Eastern Dis- 
trict of this So- 
ciety, by Mr. 
J. A.Haldane.. 



16 7 6 






8 


4 

5 



117 1 11{ 



226 2 7 



* A portion of the above snms is placed to ttie Translation fand as directed. 



140 MfSStONAltY HERAlir. 

£ $. d. 

Bttr4l«]r, CoUfclimi, |c& by iUn a. Bro«k« SOU 

Eltbam, MUslonanr Box, by Mr. J. WilUuM . . . . , 1 • 

MoBtroae, Society for Mbaion, Schools and Tracts, by Mr. Dow !• « 

WesCem Anodation, South Wales, by Rer. D. Etans 80 • • 

fi«i and Ea«t HIdkig, AnxMcry Society, by John Thornton, Esq, * 

Hnll as 4 • 

Cottiniham 6 # 

Bishop Burton 6 10 11 

Priffield 9 

Boreriey. .,'. B2 I 

184 17 1 
Prenonsly Acknowledged 100 

■ S4 17 1 

VfetlBerehaMifCollectieiiandSabscriptionsbyReT.J.WitliaiBa |7 7 
HenwIM— |M<iii, Penny Society, Hi^lf Year 10 4 

Missionary Box 6 

10 10 

ftent, Autiliary Sociehr, 

MaJr^ate, Cdfecnon, &c. by Rev. O. Afldnson 22 

Sandry Friends by Ditto 16 

Bdlbbufnh AaxiMary Missionary ^ocietr, by Mr. Yale SO 

Shoe Lane, Auxiliary Society, by fitr. J. Elrey ...••... %9 

kieicester', &c. by Mr. John Oarryer : 

Cdllectioiw, by Bev. R. Hall 51 17 

PennySooiety *...i 40 15 7 

tnd^pieiidont Chnroh, JMtenroiiA 4 

])oQatioQii and Subscriptions > - • • 7 

K^orsted, Collection and Penny Sodety, by Rev. Richard Clark 
iNso, (^oHMk) Ana«ai 8tibsctl)^tioiis, &c. by Mrs. Ward • • • • 
Imgfmim. dWection al4 Penny .Sioetetfpr, by Rev. J. Kln^om* • 

Morwich, Suudries^ , : , by Ditto* 

Dartmonlh, Auxiliary Society, by Mr. Larwdl 

Ohiey, Sdboctiptions^'by'Mr. wflion • 

RoaAif:, Collation and SMbsorit^ttmis, by Rer. J. H. ffinton 
(MPghttn^ Misafionary AssMation ftod SiA>8cripttons« by Rev. 
&Bta«n*«-^***-*«-# - ^"» 7 15 

« * * • • 

TRANSLATIONS. 

Robeit Daldane, lt!sq. Of Auchu^grayy by Rev. C. Anderson • « • 

Perthshire, Bible Society, by Ditto 

E. • byOfr. Etuis « 



5 














« 


S 


o 



110 


10 


f 


14 


10 


6 





' s 


S 


tt 


6 





21 


12 


iO 


6 


10 


4 


6 





o 


or 





« 



F£MA1:;E fa>UCATIONL 



1^, (aais€K% Ftieada, by Ubv,. A.Smith ••••' 
Birminglian^ Young Ladies, by Rev. J. Morgan 



100 








50 








5 


« 





5 








23 


17 






TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

The thanks of the Committee are presented to Mrs. Davis, of Reading, for 
a parcel of Mi^gazines, and other Books. 

An unknown friend has left at the Mission Hoiiee, Two Seals, Occ. ibr the 
bcmefit of the Society, for which he will accept thanks. The Secretary, how- 
ever, bega to i«niaiik, Ihat it (would l)el)etter for individuals, intencttng to de- 
▼ote articles of this description -to the cause, to dispose of them themaekxt, as 
he is apprehensive the donors may be disappointed in the amount 'Obtttbsd 
for them. 

Our friend at Rochester is informed "that the remittance of £17:.7:*6, on 
account of the Chatham Juvenile Society, (by Mr. Charles Davies, Jun. Twtar 
sorer, has been duly received. 

* A. portion of the above sums is placed to the Translation fund as directed. 



J. BARFIELD, Prinler, 91, Wardour-Street, Soho. 



THE 



l^HpU^t 0^QUfint* 



APRIL, 1824. 



Sketch of a Sermon delivered at the Baptist MoniUy Meeting 
of Ministers and Messengers, at Eagk-Street Lhapel, on 
Thursday, January 22, 1824, bytheReo. F, A.Cox, A.M. 



?%kL^ cxTiii. 36 : « Save, now, I 
beseech thee, O Lord; O Lord, I 
besltech .thee, send now pros- 
perity." 

It is characteristic of the ge- 
nuine Christian, to feel deeply 
interested in the prosperity of the 
church of God ; in Gonsequen<ie 
of which^ he is itfcessantly 
prompted: to the exercise of fe^ 
vent prayer, and the exertions of 
benevolent activity. In seeking 
the prosperity of the ohurch, 
however, we mast not be selfish 
and bigotted. The desire of some 
persons is to promote only the 
prosperity of that particular 
church with which they stand in 
immediate connexion; it is not 
the cause of Christ, but their own 
cause, which engages their ex- 
clusive attention. In what re- 
lates to themselves, their sensibi- 
lity is extreme and morbid ; but 
they either cherish an envious 
.feeUng at the success of others/ 
or manifest no sympathy with 
their afflictioiis. 

In seeking the prosperity of 
the church, our sentiments must 
not be loose, inde6nite, and vague. 
Some seek its prosperity in so 
general a way, that they accom- 
plish no good ; overlooking the 
claims and duties of home, and 

VOL. XVI. 



having no fixed object, no warm 
regard, no vigorous a|id concen- 
trated attachments.. There is no 
propriety, no prapartioH, in their 
zeal, and the force of their charac- 
ter, the moral effect of their in* 
fluence, is lost by diffusion. 
Their ductility and malleability 
are such, that, at length, they have 
little sensible weight: conse^ 
quently, they neither stimulate 
others, nor produce any benefi* 
cial impression themselves. 

The context refers to the efec* 
tion of the Christilsin church — to 
the glorious comer-stone of the 
building— and to the wonderful 
proceedings of Almighty Power 
and Providence, in thus securing 
the salvation of mankind; ex- 
cited to a holy and impassioned 
state of joyous anticipation, the 
I^salmbt exclaims, *' This is the 
Lord's doing, it is marvellous iii 
our eyes" — •* Save now — O Lord, 
send, now, prosperity T 

I. Some considerations which 
should induce us to pray earnestly 
for the prosperity of the churchy 
and, endeavour to promote it, 

(1.) It is the church of Christ ; 
for which he became incarniate, 
and shed his precious blood; and 
whose interests he ever lives to 
promote. Having died to reileein 
the church, he is inexpressibly 



142 SKETCH OF A SERMON BY THB KEY. F. A. COX. 



concerned to gather his people 
from ever^ quarter of the world ; 
and, for this purpose, he originally 
, sent forth his apostles, and after- 
wards his. mhfiisftersy to " preach 
the gospel to every creature.*' 
Each member is dear to his heart, 
and, for the benefit of all, he has 
instituted his sabbaths, and his 
ordinances. They are *' his peo- 
ple, the sheep of his pasture," 
and the spiritual provision which 
he makes for them, indicates, at 
once, the amplitude of his re- 
sourceSy and the intensity of his 
affection. 

(2.) God is the hearer of 
prayer, and has expressly con- 
nected the bestowment of the 
blessing, with the use of the 
means. The out-pouring of the 
Spirit is in answer to prayer ; ^nd 
the history, especially the more 
recent history, of the church, 
evinces the truth of the following 
positions: — A spirit of praiyer 
usually precedes remarkable revi- 
vals in religion, and a general re- 
newal of the drooping, energies of 
Christians, drawing down from 
heaven the rain that refreshes and 
renews the face of the moral wilder- 
ness — continued prosperity has 
fref[oently accompanied the conti- 
nued fervency of prayer — decline 
in religion, both general and indi- 
vidualy has been often, and is 
commonly, superinduced by neg- 
ligence with regard to personal, 
social, and public prayer. 

(3.) The glory of God, and 
the honour of the Redeemer, are 
very intimately connected with 
the prosperity of the church. It 
was the petition of Christ, when 
on earth, ** Father, glorify thi/- 
self!" This must ever be the 
highest purpose af the infinite and 
,ever blessed God. For this end 
the worlds were created, and all 
. orders of being endowed wilh 
their respective faculties, and 



placed in their respective situa- 
tions. If it were possible to ima- 
gnie that, on the whole, the glory 
of God were not promoted in the 
liniverse^ ndthin|( woulcl be so 
desirable, tind noltiiifg so Inevit- 
able as its destruction. Then 
ought the sun to be turned into 
darkness, the stars to be arrested 
in their courses, and the heavens 
to be no more! 

But the redemption of man, 
and the constitution of the Chri^ 
tian cfhurch, are especially in- 
tended to promote the glory of 
God, and to exalt l^is eternal Son. 
The decay of any ode church, 
the misconduct of a(ny one Chris- 
tian, is, so far, a counteraction of 
that design, and is to be lamented 
beyond all ex^pression. The di- 
vine glory is advanced by ihe 
conversion of sinners, the sancti- 
fication of saints ; the multipUca- 
tion of believers, and their indi- 
vidual manifestation of the prin- 
ciples of Christianity, whiqh, be- 
ing implanted in the lieart, spring 
up and expand into all the graces 
of the Spirit, and the inimitable 
beauties of holiness. 

II. The principal causes which 
tend to obstruct the prosperity of 
the church. 

Some which might be enume- 
rated operate detrimentally on in- 
dividual churches only, and 
others on the Christian cause at 
Jarge : let us mention a few which 
have a more direct application to 
ourselves, or to local commu- 
nities. 

(I.) Faction: to which the 
apostle alludes in vvriting to the 
Corinthians : — " It hath been de- 
clared unto me — that there are 
contentions among you. Now 
this I say, that every one of yon 
saith, I am of Paul, and I am of 
ApoUos, and 1 of Cephas, and I 
of Christ." In the present day, 
faction may assume sometimes a 



8KBTCH OF A SEBMON OY THE REf. r« A. COlt. Hi 



diffierent, but tyft«n a similar, 
iblif>e — as in tli« institution of in** 
vidious cfmiparisofMy to tbe an- 
noyance ci edification<^ia tbe 
display of that fickleness of mind, 
and caprice of feeling, with regard 
to the ministers of the gospel, 
which lead to a spirit of dissipa- 
itoti, and, if I may be allowed the 
term, of rdigious vagrancy ; and 
prove singularly detrimental to 
personal religion and general 
prosperity. The dissatisfaction 
generated by these means, is often 
ill-foonded ; and results rather 
from a perversion of taste, than 
a change in the ministry. It of 
coorse connects itself with — 

(3.) Irregularity of attendance 
on the public means of grace, and 
iflipraprieties in the discharge of 
this d«ty. Frequent non-altend- 
snce — 'a late arrival-»-an inatten- 
tive maanery or drowsy habit — 
wandering to different places, 
wiiheut sufficient motive, or from 
an improper one — disregard of 
social prayer-'meetingS'-^have all 
a pernicious effect. They have 
this effect-^— upoii the individuals 
themselves^-^upon others— upon 
the minister of the word, and, 
therefore, again reflectively upon 
them, and the cause in general. 

(3.) A partial bestowmeat only 
of our enei^cs in the cause of the 
church. 

There is, perhaps, only a ge- 
neral support afforded, without 
the concurrence of seal and de- 
cided attachment-M>r, a general 
regard to religion is manifested, 
without a particular profession ; 
which, from its decided charac- 
ter, might prove eminently in- 
laential— or, a division of feel- 
ing and of effort among various 
and distant churches, such as to 
produce a neglect of local claims, 
and more domestic duties — or, 
too great reluctaiioe to connect a 
real, practical nlf -denial with.our 



religious services ; for, in devojt- 
ing money, time, or talent^ %ve 
ought to take up our cross and 
mortify self. 

(4.) The toleration of gross 
evils. Of these we have an af- 
fecting instance in tbe Corinthian 
church. A diseased member may 
infect and endanger tbe whole 
body. — It is of vital importance 
to preserve purity; for it is not 
tbe nHmhtrs^ but the purity ^ of a 
church that renders it truly iHns* 
trious. 

(5.) Indecision in those who 
stand prominently, though but 
outwardly, connected with the 
christian church : and whose 
prompt and /«// obedience would 
be essentially serviceable to the 
general cause, and eminently en- 
couraging. I particulariy refer 
to the young and rising tnembers 
of families distinguished by their 
general respectability in tbe 
world, and whose conduct tia- 
turally and necessarily attracts the 
notice of christian assemblies. 
Alas, how often does their con« 
nexion with the cause of religion, 
(if connexion it deserve to be 
called,) resemble that of the leaf 
quivering on the extreme ramifi- 
cation of the tree, and scarcely 
pendent by the thin, attenuated 
fibre ! How firequentlv, instead of 
'* putting their shoulders to tlie 
wheel,'' they only touch it with 
their finger, and rather obstruct 
its motion than aid its progress, 
by their languid aid ! ** I speak 
not these things to shame you, 
but, as my beloved sons, I warn 
you." 

III. Indications rf genuine 
prosperity. 

It will of course be inferred, 
that the absence of the causes 
just mentioned, will tend, so 
far, to afford an inferrential evi- 
dence of prosperity; but the 
subject demands a more full de- 



944 SKBTCH QW A SBftMON BY THB HBV. F^ A. COX» 



wYelopement of moral demoDstra- 
*4ioii. 

(1.) Genuine prosperity, will 
l)e evinced by the prevalence of 
prayer. To this 1 have already 
adverted in an incidental manner: 
but it requires a reiterated ur- 
giency of appeal. Fervent prayer 
is both a means, and an indicar 
4ion of spiritual prosperity: at 
4b? same time, it ought to be re- 
marked, that the existence of this 
devotional vigour is not always 
to be ascertained, or accurately 
measured, either by the numbers 
^ho attend social meetings for 
4his fNirpose, or the abundance 
4ind ^variety of gifts which may 
there be discovered ; but more 
certainly by temper, and the 
pious habits of private life. Still 
-a general and ardent spirit of 
.prayer, will unquestionably tend 
to produce an observance of so- 
cial and public opportunities of 
worship. . - 

* (2.) The prevalence of bro- 
therly love, and a general dispo- 
aition to sustain each other's bur- 
denSf evince, a state of pros- 
^nty. There are, I think, some 
prevalent errors upon this sub- 
ject. It is not essential to brotherly 
love, that all the distinctions of 
rank and station in civil society, 
should be overlooked. Nor is it 
•essential, that an equal degree of 
intimacy should be cultivated by 
•each member of a Christian com- 
numity, with every other, or by 
4he minister, with all the families 
•and individuals of his charge. 
This would be obviously impos- 
sible, and would preclude the 
cultivation of that distmguishing 
friendship which the very prin- 
ciples of our common nature dic- 
tate, and which Christianity en- 
courages. 

But brotherly love, the preva- 
lence of which in a church is in- 
dicative of its real prosperity. 



includes, In its exercise, displays 
of mutual estimation, founded 
upon the observance of the spirit 
I of Christ, and assimilation of his 
character — a readiness to sym^ 
pathize in the joys and sorrows 
of our felloW'Christians— a dispo- 
sition to promote each other's 
interests, and to guard each 
other's reputation^ — to observe 
and appreciate excellencies — to 
conceal, rather than magnify de- 
fects. 

(3.) A willing and general co^ 
operation prognosticates a vigour- 
ous state of piety in a Christian 
community. This is the most 
powerful engine both in the poli- 
tical -and the religious world. 
There is no strength in a rope of 
sand, but the most attenuated 
threads of the silk worm, may, by 
union and combination, . become 
mighty as a cable,, and strong as 
a rod of iron. How feeble, power- 
less, evanescent, is a drop of 
water; but behold it in union 
with its kindred particles in rivers 
and rolling oceans ! 

(4.) Spiritual prosperity is 
traceable in a rich exhibition of 
the graces of the Spirit. It is 
not the external^ but the internal 
charac^ter of a Christian commu- 
nity that bespeaks its prosperity. 
However wealthy, if it be not 
rich in faith — however celebrated, 
if it be not adorned with the 
beautiful attire of holiness, how- 



ever numerous, if it be not abun- 
dant in '' good works,^ and in 
the fruits of righteousness, genu- 
ine prosperity will not be its 
characteristic ! — In conclusion, 

1. Let every one, from this* 
hour, adopt the language of tlie 
text as his own prayer, 

2. Let every one make the 
object about which such ardent 
solicitude is manifested, hU tn- 
dividual and incessant aim, 

3. Wherein we have felt our* 



TH« CHURCH AT PBRGAMOS^. 



U3 



Mlves rgprovedt let uBmbmit, and 
not remmt these statemeDtf-^— 
whereia any maj be epiiscious of. 
It least, Jin implied cammemda" 
tum^ let them hambly receive 
the encoaragemenfy and go on to 
perfection / 

qHURCH OF PERGAMOS.* 
No. III. Rev. ii. 12—17. 



Peroamos was a city of 
Mysia, situated sixty^four miles 
from Smyrna. It has obtained 
some celebrity from its having 
given birth to Galbn» the Phy- 
sician ; but much more, .in the 
estimation of Christian geograph- 
en, from the church nvhich was 
formed in it at so early a period : 
and which prod ucedy from among 
its members, a follower of Christ 
so distinguished for zeal and 
faithfulness, as not merely to put 
bis life in hazard for the sake of 
the Lord Jesus, but to lay it 
down in the defence of his truth. 
Blessed Antipas ! neither thy of- 
lice in the church, nor thy situation 
in life, are mentioned : circum* 
stances these, not necessary to 
be known in comparison with thy 
8elf-devotement to the work of 
the Redeemer, and thy willing- 
ness to bleed in his cause. To 
have bad thy eulogy pronounced 
by HIM, ** who hath the sharp 
iword with two edges," (emblem- 

* Pergamas, Pergamo, or Bergamo, 
is situated on the banks of the 
Gremaklt, the ancient Caicos. There 
are now in - it one Synagogue, one 
Greek church, and one Armenian 
church. At the Greek church is ■ a 
school of boys taught by a priest. 
There are also other Greek schools. 
They contain about twenty scholars 
each. The population is about iS,000 ; 
viz. 150U Greeks, 200 or 300 Arme- 
nians, 100 Jews, and the rest Turks. 
The streets are wider and cleaner than 
the generality of those in Asiatic 
lowos. - 



atical of his word, which is quick 
and powerful, anc| sharper than 
any two*edged sword ») is an ho- 
nour much more distinguishing, 
than what any of the great con* 
qnerors in the earth have obtain- 
ed, from the splendid orations pro- 
nounced at their graves, or the 
expensive monuments that have 
been erected to their memory* 
On these we. may read, "Here 
lies the great and renowned!'' 
On thine is inscribed, as with the 
pen of a diamond, and as lead in 
the rock for ever : an Epitaph, 
suggested by wisdom inMKble, 
and by integrity immutable, de- 
signed, at ouce, to describe thy 
character as a true Christian, and 
to perpetuate thy memory as a 
triumphant hero, ** Antipas 

MY FAITHFUL MaRTYB." 

From what is said by the Sa- 
viour, speaking from the throne 
of his glory, of the state of so<: 
cietv at Pergamos, we may con* 
elude, it was the metropolis of 
Satan's empire: the rendeivons 
of his army. It was here he had 
fixed his ** seat f here he *« dwelt/' 
In this city, all his policy, malice, 
and cruelty, were concentrated ; 
here were displayed, in perfec- 
tion, the cunning and fraud of 
the old serpent; the ferocious* 
ness, and love of blood of the 
roaring lion : of which the shock- 
ing errors that were held, and 
the horrid practices committed, 
by some members of the church, 
and the cruelties which had been 
inflicted upon others, afforded 
sufiicient and decisive proof, 
that the great body of the church 
had " held fast'' their profession, 
and *^ not denied,'^ or blasphem- 
ed, *< the name of Christ,'' when 
exposed to such baneful exam- 
ples, and such dreadful suffer-^ 
ings: that, on these accounts, 
they should have reeeived the 
Saviour's ^ommendatioi^s, wha 



146 



TiSkB. CHURCH AT FEmOAMOS* 



perfecUy ^' knew iheit works/' 
w4 ** where tlie;ir dvielt/' was do 
n^Q praise. When the bush 
t^umed with fire, and remained 
uneonsHoiedy it wa& a demonstra^ 
tive proofy that Jehovah was io 
it: and, that a feeble church 
should contimie to exist, even in 
the precincts of Satan's court ; in 
the ittmediate vicinity of brothels 
and atewsy and within view of 
the inatniHienls of cruelty, to 
torture them as martyrs at the 
stake: that they should have 
9tood firm even in those days of 
persecution, when Antipas, their 
brother and companion in tribu- 
latioB, sealed his testimony with 
his bjood, notwithstanding all 
the eorrapting devices, and 
hellish malice of Satan, afforded 
an irrefragible evidence, that He 
was ever present for their sup- 
port and defence, even the 
'< Head of all principality and 
power, and might and dominion, 
not only in this world, hut also 
is that whii;h is to come." 

We have churches which are si- 
tuated in places much resembling 
Pergamos, as Regards one part of 
its descriptiOR: viz. those sea- 
ports, or naval arsenals, where, 
during the last war, the vice which 
is here so pointedly condemned,, 
notorioutly and eatensively pre- 
vailed. The intercourse kept up 
with the navy, where uncleanness 
ivas tolerated, if not patronized, 
peoessarily corriipted the minds 
of persona who were members of 
those churches, and the conse- 
quence was, that many of them 
proved themselves by their impure 
principles and conduct, to be the 
disciples of the corrupt and cor- 
rupting Bahiam : '* who taught 
Balak to cast a stumbling-block 
before the children of Israel,-^ 
and to commit fornication." 

But the commendations of thv 
Qompassionate Redeemer, are mix- 



ed with ^ithftd reprooHi, aad 
solemn warnings* ** Nothing," 
says the judicious Chamoek, 
^*can be more offensive to a 
careful gardener, than Io find 
weeds in a bed of tahps :" and 
nothing is so offensive to the 
Lord Jesus^ a» to find persons, 
who are committing the most un- 
clean practices^ or holding the 
most destructive errors, associat- 
ed with his genuine disciples: 
who ought to have put away ftom 
among themselves such wicked 
persons, and to have borne a 
aeak>us protest against their here- 
tical sentiments, by rejecting 
them from their communion. For 
a church to retain in ita com- 
munion, any person who is known 
to live in acts of uncleanness, 
or who holds ^^ the doctrine of 
Balaam," V that the law of God 
Is not a rule of life to the be- 
liever, that his precepts re- 
specting marriage, need not be 
regarded ; and, that an unlawful 
intercourse between the sexes, 
ought not to be restrained or 
condemned, is most offensive to 
the Holy Saviour. Who does not 
see that evils of every kind follow 
in the train of this wicked princi- 
ple, and that, for a church not to 
*^ mark those men" who hold 
such a doctrine, would be to 
incur the displeasure of the Lord 
Jesus, and to run the risk of 
being pupished by Him, ** who 
hath the sharp sword with two 
edges." 

That there should have been 
persQus in the church at Per- 
GAMOS, who did not blush to 
own themselves the disciples of 
the qoyetousji wicked, and seduc- 
tive Balaam, who perished in his 
iniquity ; though not till after he 
had been the guilty instrument of 
leading others into the pit of de- 
struction, is, indeed, anaost awful 
considemtioni. What, then, did 



TUB CHURCH AT PRRGAMOS. 



147 



ibii ^liurcfat while beariog the 
sacred name of Christian, abet 
aad enQourage idolatrous pra.e- 
Uces, aod lewd courses 1 Were 
i)ot these the doctrine of the 
'f NicQlai^Osr and bad the 
church at Pergamos, instead of 
hating these things^ as the church 
at Bphesus .had dojpe, tolerated 
tiieur eiistencey and encouraged 
tl^eir propagatioql we could 
scarcely have believed such a 
statement upon any evidence 
sjiort of divine testimony; nor 
can. we sufficiently admire that 
compassion which led the holy 
S^edeepaer to deal with them by 
waniingy ^nd counselling them 
both by prombes and threaien- 
ings» instead of castingthem away 
froni lus pretence, and taking his 
Holy Spirit from them. It re* 
blinds us of the declaration of 
Jehovah to his ancient church : 
'.* lam God, I change not : there- 
fore ye sous of Jacob are not 
consumed." 

It is reiparkable, that, in calling 
upon t^e church, and its pastor, 
to ** repent/' or to humble them- 
selves before God, on account of 
their having suffered these cor- 
rvipt persons and principles to 
exist, unreproved and unexposed 
amongst them ; and, of course, 
" to bring forth fruits meet for 
repentance," by clearing them- 
selves oJFany participation in such 
guilt; the threatening of punish- 
ment is not against the body of 
the church, but again&t those 
yfho had corrupted it : '* Repent, 
or 1 will come uuto thee quickly, 
aqd will tight against them with 
the sword of my mouth." The 
intercession of the great High 
Priest was prevalent, on account 
9t' real believers, none of whom, 
it may be presumed, had allowed 
or approved of such priuciples 
and practices; though they had 
not, through, perhaps, a false cha- 



rity, zealously protested against 
them, Whilst the Lord Jes^s, 
c6rrects hjs own people with, a 
rod: he will visit fyl^t and cor- 
rupt professors with a. sword: 
for the threatenings of his word, 
and the torment of his frown, 
piercing the guilty conscience, ft, 
indeed, hke the entering of a sharp^ 
sword into the flesh : and, from 
horror of mind, many, in the 
prospect of future misery, have 
exclaimed, " The spirit qf a. 
man may sustain his infitmityl^ 
hut a wounded CQnscience who, 
ean bear,*' Foe a i^ember of 
a Christian church to walk in 
the lust of concupiscence, or in. 
the secret practice ofwantonnessj^ 
is to set at defiance the Omni- 
science and Omnipotence oif the 
Lord Jesus: and to treat Him 
with contempt, '*' vtho hath the 
sharp sword with two edges/' 

Amazing condescension, and 
unbounded compassion, that the 
Sovereign of the upiverse, the 
Lord of angels, the King of kings, 
and Lord of lords, should deign 
to call upon this reprehensible 
chutch in the languaee of kind- 
ness and love, full of grace and 
truth ; — '* He that hath an ear, 
let him hear what the Spirit saith 
unto the churches:'' — t, e, the 
description of the doctrines and 
practices which the Saviour ab- 
hors and hat^s: and the threat- 
enings of his speedy coming to 
punish such unclean professors 
of his holy religion: — let then^ 
hear it, and hate what the Savi- 
our hates : let them hear it, and 
avoid what will certainly expose 
to his wrath here, and his eternal 
indignation hereafter. 

But we are likewise to regard 
'* what the Spirit saith unto the 
churches," iu relation to those 
who " overcome" these wiles and 
stratagems of the devil ; like Jo- 
seph, who instantly and prompt- 



148 



THE CflURCH AT PERCAM08. 



\y repel tfo solicitation, hy 
saying, "How can 1 do this great 
wicliedness. and sin against 
God :** and who, through a sup- 
ply of the Spirit of Christ, ** over- 
come the world, and all that is in 
It ; '< the lust of the flesh, the lust 
of the eye, and the pride of life,^ 
by persevering in the conflict^ 
unmoved by its fascinations, or 
unterrified by its frowns: — 
** Looking unto Jesus, who, for 
the joy that was set before him, 
rndured the cross, and despised 
the shame, and is for ever sat 
down at the right hand of God.** 
" The blessings promised, relating 
probably to the gracious appro- 
bation of the Saviour, of such cir- 
cumspect upright believers, both 
in the life that now is, and the 
manner in which he will receive 
and absolve them in that which 
is to come, are expressed in lan- 
guage highly figurative, and full 
of meaning: '' To him that over- 
cometh, will I give to eat of the 
hidden manna, and will give him 
a white stone, and in the stone a 
new name written, which no man 
knoweth, saving he that receiveth 
it/' These may mean the inex- 
pressible gratification arising from 
the enjoyments experienced in 
communion with Christ at his 
table, when men eat, as jt were, 
*' angels' food," and food of a 
higher quality than angels ever 
partook of : '* the bread of God, 
which came down from heaven 
to give life unto the world " 

'^ Never did angels taste above 
Redeeming grace, or dying love.*' 

And they may include, also, the 
sense of parddlning and justifying 
love, when, by &ith. Christians 
*' have access into that grace 
wherein they stand and rejoice in 
hope of the glory of God." Or 
** the white stone of absolution," 
the believer resting on the right- 



eousness of Christ for acceptance 
with God, reads, with astonish* 
ment, and inexpressible delight, 
the '* new name written'' ** the 
pledge of his being adopted into 
his family ;" *' a name better than 
that of sons and daughters:" 
For, *' if we are led by tire Spirit, 
we are the sons of God. — And 
the Spirit itself beareth witness ^ 
with our spirits, that we are the 
children of God." 

It is gratifying to know, front 
a work called ** The Apostolical 
Constitutions," that these divine 
reproofs and exhortations pro- 
duced their appropriate effects 
upon the church at Pergamos. 
In the next century, it is said, se* 
veral of '* its members were mar- 
tyrs in the cause of Christ : and, 
eVen in the fifth century, Atta- 
Lus, (a native of this place) was 
a famous martyr." 

O that all the followers of the 
Lord Jesus may ever regard, 
with scrupulous attention, what 
the Spirit saith to the churches, 
in every part of revealed triith, 
that, *' having such promises 
they may cleanse themselves from 
all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, 
perfecting holiness in the fear of 
God." 

In concluding this Essay, the 
writer, addressing particularly the 
members of Christian chilrches, 
adopts the language of Paul to the 
Corinthians: that they may be 
preserved from " the doctrine of 
Balaam :" *' Know ye not that 
your bodies are the members of 
Christ? shall I then take the 
members of Christ, and make 
them the members of an harlot 1 
God forbid. Whatl know ye 
not that he which is joined to an 
harlot is one body ? for two, saith 
he, shall be one flesh. But he 
that is joined unto the Lord is 
one spirit. Flee fornication. 
Every sin that a man doelh is 



ON 81NOIN6 IN D1V1NB WORSHIP* 



149 



without the body: but be tbat 
commitleth fornicatioa sinnetb 
agaiost his own body. Whati 
know ye not tbat your body is 
the tcnple of the Holy Ghost 
which is in you, which ye have 
of God, and ye arc not year 
own 1 For ye are bought with a 
price: therefore glorify God in 
yoar body, and in your spirit, 
which are God's." 

Iota. 

£MNio», March %, 1824. 



ON SINGING IN UIVINB 
WORSHIP. 



(Concluded from Page 111.) 

SoMB recent attempts have 
been made to improve our 
psalmody, which arc of a de- 
scription adapted to throw us 
still further back from genuine 
church music. The trash con- 
tained in some '' Selections" are 
quite unfit for any devotional pur- 
pose. But Mr. Gardiner's volumes 
have high pretensions; his first 
volume is, upon the whole, an 
sdmirable selection, in point of 
musical science, though not al- 
ways happy in adaptation ; but, 
ill the second, he has gone beyond 
the utmost bounds of propriety, 
or correct feeling, in the attempt 
to apply secular music to sacred 
purposes. There can be no ne- 
cessity for this mischievous prac- 
tice. There is an ample suffi- 
ciency of sacred music, without 
torturing minuets and ariettas into 
hymn tunes. One ingenious gen- 
tleman has found words for the 
Dead March in Saul, in Hymn 
63 of Dr. Watts's second Book. 
This is not quite so bad as the 
mis-accommodation of Mozart's 
exquisite duet in La Clemenza di 
Tito, Ah pardona, to sacred 
Words, — n. composition character- 
istically amatory, tender, and ele* 



gant, in the highest degree, but 
utterly removed from devotional 
expression. In these cases, it is 
not the fitness of the air, but its 
mere popularity, which leads to 
the injudictotts attempts to press 
it into the service of devotion ; 
but these divorced melodies will 
uever match well with new senti- 
ments. Religion and good taste 
alike reprove such alliances. But 
there is no paucity of genuine 
church music. The works of' 
foreign composers, to say nothing 
of native masters of the old 
school, contain an almost inex- 
haustible fund, hitherto but little 
drawn upon. The works even of 
the incomparable Mozart are very 
partially known in this country. 
Those of Sebastian and Emanuel 
Bich, of Michael Haydn, and 
other eminent composers of 
church music, — specimens of 
which Mr. Latrobe has brought 
forward, are still less known. 
The compositions of Mr. La- 
trobe himself are of a very 
high order, marked, perhaps, by 
science more than by original- 
ity of conception, but always 
full of character. In the selection 
published by Seeley,* (we believe 
under his auspices,) which is un« 
questionably the best collection 
of Psalmody extant, there are se- 
veral compositions of extraordi- 
nary beauty and merit; in parti- 
cular, those of Knecht, the Rev. 
S. Fripp, and Miss Bean. A very 
admirable air is to be found in 
Cahusac's collection, called St. 
John's, composed by the late 
Rev. Richard Cecil ; and one, in 
the same volume, called New 
Sarum, by the Editor, is distin- 
guished by its singular elegance. 
Such individual contributions are 
the more valuable, as springing 
ordinarily from genuine feeling, 

♦ " Devotional Harmony,*' 2 Vols, 
long Quarto. 



150 



QH aiNOING IN DIVINE WORSHIP* 



or bei«g struek off in a happy 
lniood« We do not want for good 
music; the deficieacy is m the 
denuind for it. 

'. But hpw, it roay^ be said, is the 
tvil to be remedied 1 How are 
our congregations to acquire 
taste and musical feeling? Is 
every tradesman to turn fidler; 
every mechanic to learn thorough 
base 1 We anticipate a hundred 
similar idle questions, arising from 
a mistaken view of the subject ; 
fir a perverse misconception of 
our sentiments. It is not neces- 
sary for every individual in our 
congregations to understand mu- 
sic ; but ail are more or less sensi- 
bly acted upon by it, or by that 
which is substituted for it, so as 
to have their feelings disturbed, 
their devotion interrupted, by 
what is uncongenial and foreign 
from the character of worship ; 
or else, so as to have a boister- 
ous levity of feeling excited by 
the noisy caroling in which they 
join. It is not for the gratiiica- 
lion of the musical that we chief- 
ly desire a reform iii our con* 
gregalional worship ; but for the 
bringing of a better influence to 
bear on the minds of even the 
most tasteless and unmusical. — 
Children and savages are sus- 
ceptible of the effect of genuine 
music, although they have no 
knowledge of it : nor is it neces- 
sary to be possessed of musical 
taste, in order to be quite dif> 
ferently affected by different 
styles of composition. !lt is, 
doubtless, owing to a want of 
taste, that svich vulgar airs as 
many of the modern popular 
psalm . tunes are preferred to 
Abridge, or St. Ann's, or Char* 
mouth, or Islington. But this 
want of taste is connected with a 
want of devotional feeling, a mo- 
ral distaste for the solemnity ap- 
propriate to religious services; 



and, on this account, do we con« 
sider it as highly inexpedient to 
give way to this irreligious taste^ 
The ob;|ectioii to the gravity of 
the old tunes, is as heartless as it 
is tasteless. But it were a mistake 
to imagine, that the majority in 
our congregations give into this 
rage for noise and novelty : it i«i 
the doing of the clerk, and his. 
confederates. Nothing is more 
striking than the sort of general 
earnest feeUng< with which a whcile 
congregation y^ill, take part in the 
Old Hundredth, or some such 
noble harmony, after the meagre 
and partial performance of some 
ridiculous novelty. It is not to 
be denied, however, that the 
rich harmonies of the old niiasters 
require instrumental aid, to deve- 
lop their full grandeur and nvean- 
ing, unless uncommonly well 
supported in all their parts by 
practised voices ; and it forms^ 
in, our opinion, one recoqumenda- 
tion of instruments, thatthey leave 
less to be done by the singer, af- 
fording less room for display, and 
leaving the mind more at leisure 
to attend ^o the sentiment, and to 
feel it. To thiuk or feel during 
tl;^^ singing of many modern 
psalms, is quite out ojf th^ ques- 
tion: the singer is too busy, aud 
too elated, to care much about 
the words. And this forms the 
best excuse, bad as it is^ for the 
apparent complacency with which 
some hymns are sung, wl^ich ne- 
ver ought to have found a placq 
in our hymn-book. If a congre- 
gation really did think of what 
they were singing, it is impossibly 
that they cou(d ei^press horribly 
joy t^at 

'' Broad is the roadthat leads to death, 
And thoasands walk together there." 

Or that, 

*' Vengeance and damnatian lies 
On those who dare refuse his grac^." 



ON ftlNeiNa IN OlVINJi WQBtHVr. 



Ul 



What must an^ infidel or gain* 
sayjer tbiaky oo hearing such 
hynm» noUiiy pefformed t9 some 
bfUk m»eledy, Tbiere U a time 
calle4 Jobv which i| not destitute 
of soleoiiHtyy aod would be one 
of the b«s| of modern favoajritet, 
did il not require tbe fir»t half of 
the liois to be repeated, which is 
often ioconyenieot, and generally 
unmeaning* We hav# heard tlue 
tune JMing to Hyoqn 1(MK, Rook !• 
of Dr* Watts, in the bat verse of 
whicb the repeat baa a moat 
dreadful t^^d disgusting effect; 
not worse, however, than in tbe 
first verse of Hymn 128, of Book 
I. Yet are such words coolly and 
complacently sung, to tbe dis* 
grae9 of minister aiid people. 
The 92nd Psalm of Dr. Watts is 
not unfrequently sung to Derby 
tune, in which there is an awk- 
ward fngue, whicb divides the 
lines at the fifth syllable. We 
have again and again noticed 
with what peculiar spirit the 
elerk reitei^tes, 

" Blast th^m iu ever ." 

Instances of this description 
might easily be multiplied ; some 
of an irresistibly ludicrous kind. 
Bath Chapel tune, for example, 
9ung to Hymn 20, Book 1. gires 
ia the aeoond verse, the following 
Tepeat, 



u 



Uj^n a poor pol — .** 



The abanrd introduction of 
fugues, has, in like manner, con-, 
verted many, of our hymns into 
catches, and it is difficult to ac» 
quit tbe composer in all cases, of 
a facetious design. Catches and 
glees, are indeed, apparently the 
model for modern psalmody, and 
many tunes are literally taken 
from then. We like a good glee, 
we confess, and are admirers of 
Calcott, and Webbc, and Lord 
Mornington ; but we haye no 



wi^h to hear '« Th« Red Cross 
Knights,'' or '* Here in cool 
Grot/' performed to sacred 
wondijt, though we think they 
w4Hild go down with some con<r 
gregations. The subject has led 
us further than we intended, brut 
we must now draw in. We can* 
not, however, close this articlcv 
without noticing a praise-worthy 
attempt, made two or three yeara 
ago, to ** reform the practice of 
singiag in trhe worship of God/' 
by tbe author of a smalt volume, 
the title of which we give below.^ 
Although written in a spirit rather 
too dogmatical, and wc do not 
09 every point agree with him, 
it contains many useful observft- 
tioHS, and the author deserves 
well of the religious public. In 
closing these desultory remarks, 
we would wish to lead our readers 
back to the point on which they 
have hinged, that music is the 
giftvof God; that its true ebarae- 
teris not that of an amusement, 
but of a medium of expression, 
a symbolical language; that its 
noblest purpose is, the excite- 
ment and expression of devotional 
feeling, and that its adaptation 
to this end, gives it a claim to be 
studied and cultivated as a 
science, and as a language ; that 
it has a religious value, and ought, 
therefore, to rank among things 
ecclesiastical. Possibly, we may 
have touched some discords: our 
conclusion shall, to all musical 
ears, resolve them. 

" Touching musical harmony,** 
says old Hooker, " whether by 
instrument, or by voice, it being 
but of high and low in sounds a 
due proportional disposition, 
such, notwithstanding, is the 
force thereof, and so pleasing 
effects it bath in that very part 

* A View of Modern Psalmody, 
being an Attempt, &c. By William 
Cole, 12mo. 3s. Od, 1819. 



152 INFANT BA1PT18M ENFORCED BY PENALTIES. 



of man which is most divine, that 
some have been thereby in- 
duced to think, that the soul it- 
self by nature is» or hath in it, 
harmony. A thing which de- 
lighteth all ages, and beseemeth 
ail states ; a thing as seasonable 
in grief, as in joy; as decent, 
being added unto actions of great- 
est weight and solemnity, as be- 
ing used when men most seques- 
ter themselves from action, llie 
reason hereof, is an admirable 
facility which music hath to ex- 
press and represent to the mind, 
more inwardly than any other 
sensible mean, the very standing, 
rising, and falling, the very steps 
and inflections every way, the 
turns and varieties of all passions, 
whereunto the mind is subject; 
yea, so to imitate them,, that, 
whether it resemble unto us, the 
same state wherein our minds al- 
ready are, or a clean contrary, 
we are not more contentedly by 
the one confirmed, than changed 
and led away by the other. In 
harmony, the very image and 
character even of virtue and vice, 
is perceived, the mind delighted 
with their resemblances, and 
brought, by having them often 
iterated, into'a love of the things 
themselves. For which cause, 
there is nothing more contagious 
and pestilent, than some kinds of 
harmony; than some, nothing 
more strong and potent unto 
good. And that there is such a 
difierence of one kind froiil an- 
other, we need no proof but our 
own experience, in as much as 
we are at the hearing of some 
more mollified and softened in 
mind; one kind apter to stay 
and settle us, another to move 
and stir our aflfectious. There 
is that draweth to a marvellous 
grave, and sober mediocrity; 
there is also, that carrieth, as it 
were, into extacies,. filling the 



mind with a heavenly joy, and, 
for the time, in a manner, siiever- 
ing it from the body ; so that, al- 
though we lay altogether aside 
the consideration of ditty or 
matter, the very harmony of 
sounds being firamed in due sort, 
and carried from the ear to the 
spiritual faculties of our souls, is, 
by a native puissance and eflicacy, 
greatly available to bring to a 
perfect temper, whatsoever is 
there troubled, apt as well to 
quicken the spirits, as to allay 
that which is too eager, sovereign 
against melancholy and despair, 
forcibly to draw forth tears of 
devotion, if the mind be such as 
can yield them, able both to 
move and moderate all affect 
tions." 



Infant Baptism enforced by 
Penalties/ 



To the Editor of the Bti^tist Magazine^ 

Dear Sir, 

There seems to have been a 
very general impression of late 
upon the minds of persons in 
authority, at home and abroad, 
that something must be done to 
promote the moral and religious 
improvement of the slave popula- 
tion in our different colonies. In 
the general idea we cannot but 
rejoice, but it is highly necessary 
to watch, in detail, the measures 
that may be proposed, or adopt- 
ed, lest such as are highly op- 
pressive, and directly opposed to 
the rights of conscience, should 
be enacted, under the specious 
colour of advancing the interests 
of morality and religion. To 
prove that my apprehensions on 
this subject are not groundless, 
it is only sufficient to quote the 
following regulation, lately pub- 
lisiied, among various otliers, by 



UNPAID LETTERS TO COUMTRY MINISTERS, 



155 



Lord Charles Somerset, Governor 
of tlie Colony of the Cape of 
Good Hope. 

'* Those wlio neglect causing the 
children of their Christian slaves, 
bom in -wedlock, to be baptized with- 
in twelve months after the birth of 
such children, shall incur a penalty 
of not less than twenty -five rix dol- 
laiSy and not exceeding one hundred 
rix dollars, for each offence, and shall 
be compelled to have sucii child or 
children baptized at their own ex- 
pense/' 

r am not aware that there are 
any Baptist settlers at the Cape, 
if there be, I should hope that 
they iiToid trafficking in human 
flesh, andy tlien^ this law would 
not affect them — but it is the 
principle which calls for our re- 
probation. It is said that an 
ecclesiastical establishment is to 
be formed for the West Indies. 
Supposing that such an enact- 
ment should be made in those 
islands, in Jamaica, for instance, 
how oppressive would it be upon 
the thousand of our negro bre- 
thren, who think with us, that 
none ought to baptized, but those 
who can give the answer of a 
good conscience towards God. 

Whether there be any secret 
presentiment that this unscrip- 
tural practice is in danger of be- 
coming obsolete or not, as light 
and information' are more widely 
diffused, I will not undertake to 
determine; but it is a coinci- 
dence not a little curious, that, 
within a few years past, the Coun- 
cil of Berne has decreed that 
ail children of Baptist parents in 
their canton, shall be taken from 
their parents, and baptized ac- 
cording to the usages of the Re- 
formed church ! 

I will not enlarge on this sub- 
ject, but leave these facts to the 
consideration of your readers. If 
you insert this paper, you may 
. hear again from 

VIGILANS. 



Unpaid Letters to Qmntty 
Ministers,* 



On this subject a Corres- 
pondent writes as follows: 

** From occasional interviews 
withChristian ministers, and, from 
the several monthly publications 
which I am accustomed to read, 
I learn that institutions of a truly 
benevolent and evangelical de- 
scription are almost incessantly 
increasing, both in the metropo- 
lis and throughout the kingdom. 
In all such institutions I feel con- 
siderably interested, and most 
heartily wish them God speed. 
To objects of this description, it 
is beyond all doubt the indispen- 
sable duty of every professing per- 
son to contribute as theLord hath 
prospered him. Nor is it less the 
duty of Christian pastors, espe- 
cially when requested by the 
Committee or Secretary of such 
institutions, to make known their 
existence and objects to their 
respective congregations, in order 
to secure' their pecuniary assist- 
ance. But there is one thing. 
Sir, of which I have to complain^ 
viz. the sending so many unpaid 
letters to ministers in the country, 
this is a kind of religious tax 
that cannot be supported by reli- 
gious principles, as the Lord re- 
quires according to what a man 
hath, and not according to what 
he hath not — nor am 1 the only 
person who privately lifts up hi^ 
voice against this growing evil— 
as most of the country ministers 
of our denomination have small 
salaries, and many of them large 
families, the complaint is, as it 
may be expressed, far from being 
partial. — ^There is a settled minis- 
ter in this neighbourhood, whose 
salary does not exceed twenty* 
seven shillings per month. Ano- 

*The etil has been felt by those 
also who reside in London* £<>• 



154 



lil8<;tl.LAKEA-. 



Hf^r ministef inforUled me, some 
time back, Hiat be had frequently 
received unpaid letters for build- 
iog-ca^es, ^c^ &c. aiid that, upon 
one occasion, he was . obliged to 
go out and borrow sixpence of a 
Qeigbbour to pay the postage of 
a letter, his salary, indeed, was 
about eighty pounds per annum ; 
but the additional claims of per- 
sonal infirmities, and family afflic- 
tions, exhausted, and more than 
exhausted, his annual inc6me. 
Odder such, and many other try* 
ing circumstances, the poor 
country minister is compelled to 
be unjust to his family, by the 
frequent arrival of unpaid letters 
of the above description. But, 
it may be said, would not the 
^church pcu^ the postage of such 
letters, if they were informed of 
them T But allow me to ask. 



Sir, what mioistel% i>osBeiBsitig The 
comttioa splHt of a man, would 
Hke to submit to the humiliating 
act of begging his friends, at a 
Meeting, to pay the postage ef a 
letter, however laudable thb ob- 
ject for which its contents might 
plead 1 I believe. Sir, thOttgh I 
am not quite certain, that some- 
thing on this subject appeared, 
some years back, in your Maga- 
zine. If I am correct in my 8«p<- 
position, I have reason to fear that 
it had not its desired effect ; or, if 
it had, for a time, the bene^cial 
results have, before this day com- 
menced, almost, if not altogether^ 
subsided. 

By giving these remarks a 
place in your Magazine, 1^ soon 
as possible, you will much oblige 

A CotlNTtlT MiN'ISTBK. 
JoMiaty 12, 18(24. 



ifflltfircellanea. 



BiHMrkabh Instance of ChristidH 
Candour and Liberality in ah 
Efongelictil Clergyman, to- 
4tard8 ftn affiieted Baptist 
Minister. 

IMa. Editor, 

Thb age in which it is oar bap))!- 
iiem to live, is remarkably distia^ 
gaished by the Catiiolio and liberal 
•pu-it which actuates Christians of all 
denominations in their intercourse 
with each other. May we not in- 
dulge the hope, that the bapoy 
period is at hand for the establisli- 
"ment of the *' monntain of the Lord's 
house" in which nothing *' shall 
hurt or destroy :^' when, ** The envy 
of £phraitai shall depart, and the 
adversaries of Judah shall be cut 
off.. Epbraim shall not envy Jfudab, 
and Judah shall not vex Ephraira.*' 

It has been iny happiness to be- 
'^come acquainted with a most grati- 
fying accomplishment of these de- 
lightful predictions, (so far, at least, 



as Individtials are concemed,) hi 
the com) act of a trnfyfrtdus clergy- 
tnan^ towards an aged Bapiist 
minister, both of tliera livtsg wiiMn 
twenty miles of my residence. The 
Rev. Mr. A. is curate of the parish 
ofC. in this county; a gentleman 
Of property, and eminent Ibr many 
distingnished qualities which adorn 
bis character. The TcfCtor is fho 
highly respectable Itev. Mr. B. 
whose coaiieous and condesoewliiig 
manners, have procured the esteem 
and respect of his parishioners. In 
this parish, a Baptist church was 
formed a few years since, which is a 
rising interest, of which Mr. D. Is 
the aged and pious minister. About 
two years ago, Mr. D. became 'seri- 
ously afflicted, and, for « season, took 
to bis bed. Daring which period, 
iMr. A. the curate, paid him a most 
friendly visit; apologizing for the 
liberty he had taken, assuring Mr. 
D. he was inHuenced by Christian 
motives^ and begged to bo permitted 



MISCELLAKBA. 



155 



to tonttibiite to bis personal 'com- 
fort, in any way his Uouse or his 
parse might enable him, &c. be was 
the more anxioas to serve him, as 
he had learned, that bis (Mr. D/s) 
iitconfe was too limKed to support 
his family in sach circa mstances of 
affliction. Mr. D. acknowledi^ed 
the Idndness in a suitable manner ; 
after which the clerj^yman said, 
'* When I visit my parishioners in 
ridkness, I go as an instructor, ''but 
is visitinpc you* sir, I tome to hein- 
ttmtUdV* Mr. A. repeated his visits 
Oteciisionally, and continued his 
kindness. After a time, Mr. D. 
.w»8 restored to bis health and bis 
labours. But one circumstance op- 
pressed his sf^rits, how he should 
discharge his apothecary's bill? 
(which he supposed would be about 
£20.) Not expecting any relief 
froDn this embarrassment, bethought 
it right to see his medical attendant, 
and ask for the bill, though without 
any immediate prospect of discharg- 
ing it. But, judge of his surprise, 
when the apothecary assured him, 
his bill bad been paid for several 
weeks past ! Mr. D. asked, '* May 
I know to what kind friend I am 
indebted for such an act of bene- 
volence f The substance of the 
reply was, " One, who desires that 
the right band may not know what 
the left band does." 

My aged and respected friend, 
Mr. D., daring the last three months, 
has ag^n been called to bear the 
afflictive band of his heavenly Fa- 
ther; and his pulpit has been sup- 
plied by bis sympathizing brethren. 
Mr. A., npon learning this event, 
again visited Mr. D.; and, after some 
inendly and pious conversation, 
dtiring Which he proffered his for- 
misr lundness, be requested to pray 
irithhim; and, then, on his knees, 
be offered tlie spontaneous effnsioiis 
of a p^oos and affectionate heart; 
and,after presenting suitable and ap- 
propriate petitions for the recovery 
of Mr. p,,'&c. Mr. A. prayed nearly 
to the following effect : *' Lord, 
bless the flock of tbine afflicted ser- 
vant ; inay they suffer no harm by 
the pttvatiotis they are called to suf- 
fer by this affliction ; j^reserve them, 
and feed them; and may thy scr- 
vantSy w1i0 'inay supply his lack of 



service, be blessed in their labours 
of love !" 

But that which constitates the 
most important feature in the cha- 
racter, or rather the proceedings, of 
the excellent Mr. A. is the Christian 
spirit which appeared strikingly 
conspicuotis in the following trans- 
action, vizk — On Christmas-day last, 
the Baptist friends, many of them, 
went to worship with their friemls at 
the parish church, having no servicie 
of their own at the time. But, jndge 
of their surprise and delight, when, 
at a certain period of the service, 
Mr. A., in an audible voice, from tfafe 
desk, amunmced to the congregation^ 
'* The prayers of this congregation 
are earnestly desired for the Rev. 
John D. now labouring under heavy 
affliction," &c. And , on the Sunday 
following, the Rev. Mr, JB., the Rec- 
tor, repeated the amunmeementf and 
precisely in the same manner. 
Mr. D.'s family, or part of it, were 
present, and assured me, that many 
of the congregation melted into 
tears, and heartily united in the |>e- 
titions presented. 

'* From this time it shall be said 
of Jacob, and of Israel, What haMi 
God wrought!'' J. H. 



fmproprUtie$ iH Public Prayet. 

** Nothing tends more to give a 
wrong idea of the design and nature 
of prayer, than that expatiation on 
doctrine, — that didactic method Of 
rehearsing te^s or articles of belief, 
which we have heard indulged in, as 
if tbe object of the speaker was to 
insinuate a sermon, under the dis- 
guise of n prayer. We are quite 
persuaded that devotional services 
are not at all a proper vehicle for in- 
formation of any kind. Jjong de- 
scriptions, whether of character or 
of feeling, or of matters of belief, are 
quite unsuitable. And so are long 
sentences of any kind, and long pa- 
ragraphs. But the worst of jEill styles 
is, that which perpetually injects 
parenthesis, to qualify or to explain 
the unfinished sentence. This im- 
propriety is, of course, almost pecu- 
liar to extemporaneous effusions : if 
transferred to the written pa^e^ it 
would be too palpable. 



156 



HISC£LLAN£A. 



Metapbors, except of the moiit fm- 
miliar kind, and even tlie figurative 
language of scriptore, when the al- 
lunion is obscare, or not easily re- 
cognized, ooght to be carefally ab- 
stained from. A. minister ought not, 
4it least in prayer, to disdain being 
understood by men of the plainest 
tinderstanding. Such expressions 
as * Give them the valley of Achor 
for a door of hope* — * May he reign 
from the river to the end of the 
<earth* — * rush on the thick bosses of 
tliy buckler* — * count thy love better 
than wine* — and others which might 
be particularized, are wholly inipro- 
•per, because forced, unnatural, and, 
to a large proportion of the audience, 
unintelligible. We never find the 
apostles praying in this style ; and it 
is an abuse of the word to term it 
scriptural, merely because such 
phrases occur in scripture. There 
are figures in the Old Testament 
which no one would venture to em- 
ploy, and some which no one under- 
stands; but the use of figurative 
language,, which we are adverting 
to, is properly technical. We can- 
not conceive of a pious man adopt- 
ing such a mode of expression in the 
unreserved efiusious of his closet; 
yet it is even less suitable to the 
public service. A person not ac- 
customed to the current phrases and 
figures of the particular school of 
theology, is apt to be utterly per- 
plexed by this artificial language, 
which is, for the same reason, the 
most unaffecting. 

*' Broad assertions are seldom 
j;)rpper in public devotion ; we do 
not, of course, mean either confes- 
sions or thanksgivings, which are a 
4ipecies of assertion, but those which 
affirm respecting the state, charac- 
ter, or feelings of the worshippers, 
more than is likely to be true of even 
$he majority. The language of sup- 
plication all may join in ; that of 
declaration is scarcely to bo called 
prayer, and yet it is often copiously, 
and, w« think, injudiciously, em- 
ployed. ^ 

** The exclusive study of living 
models is disadvantageous to those 
who would cultivate a simple, 
chaste, and affecting devotional 
style. AH that is aimed at, very 
usually, is facility and copiousness. 
Conciseness, purity, and selection, 



I are by far the more important re- 
quisites. A florid style is very in- 
appropriate ; yet it sometimes passes 
for a gift. After all, though divines 
distinguish between the gift and the 
grace of prayer, and assuredly a devo- 
tional spirit may warm the heart of 
one who has but indifferent powers 
of utterance, yet, we incline to be- 
lieve, that what is termed the exer- 
cise of the gift, is much more closely 
allied to the exercise of the grace, 
than is sometimes suspected, the 
heart, when properly influenced, is 
the best directory, and that alone 
can teach us how to pray.** - 

Eeleetie Review, far 
March, 1824. 



AN INDIAN £QUIPA6E. 

FnnH Mackmortk'i Tour through India, 

** Its interior is a double sofa for 
six persons, covered with dark green 
velvet and gold, surmounted by an 
awning of cloth or gold, in the 
shape of two small scolloped domes, 
meeting over the centre, and sur- 
rounded with a richly-ornamented 
verandah, supported by light, ele- 
gant, fluted grilt pillars : the whole is 
capable of containing sixty persons, 
and is about twenty-two feet in 
height. It moves on four wheels; 
the hinder ones eight feet in diame- 
ter, with a breadth of twelve feet 
between them. It is drawn by six 
immense elephants, (with a driver 
on each,) harnessed to tlie carriage 
by traces, as in England, and their 
hugh heads covered with a sort of 
cap, made of richly embroidered 
cloth. The pace at which they 
moved was a slow tro^ of about 
seven miles an hour : they were very 
steady, and the springs of the car- 
riage particularly easy. As / it is 
crane-necked, the elephants turned 
round with it, on coming back, with 
the greatest facility, xhe shape of 
the body is extremely elegant, re- 
sembling a flat scollop-shell,, and 
painted dark green and gold. Tlie 
elephants are an exact match, hot, 
as stated, of an enormous size. The 
whole was constructed by native 
workmen, assisted by one half-caste 
Frenchman, under the immediate 
directions of the Rajah.*' 



in 



i&bitaw^ anti fSitttnt Mtuti^s. 



REV. JOHN SYKES. 



OcTOBKR 26» 1823, died, in the 
tbirlieth year of bis SLf^e, the Rev. 
John Sykes, pastor of the Baptist 
Chnrob at Soarborongb, where be 
hboared with mocb success for up- 
wards of seven years; daring which 
period several persons were added 
to the ohurch, (particularly young 
people,) who, it is hoped, will be the 
ornament of the ohuroh while they 
eontinae on eartli, and his joy and 
crown of rejoicing in the day of our 
Lord Jesus Christ. Mr. Sykes re- 
eeived bis first serious impressions 
under the ministry of the Rev. Mr. 
Symons, pastor of the Baptist Church 
atAerisgton, in Lancashire, where 
he was baptized, and received into 
the chnrcb. After he had continued 
with them sonetime, and g^ven 
proof ef his real piety, and apparent 
gifts for the ministry, he was put un- 
der the care of Dr. Steadman, tutor 
of the Baptist Academy at Bradford. 
Here he continued to prosecute his 
studies during the period of three 
years and a half. After which he 
was invited to visit Scarborough, 
aod, having there preached to Sie 
people for a few months, he was 
unanimously called to take the pas- 
toral office of the Baptist Church at 
that place. In December, 1816, he 
was publicly set apart over the 
churchy and the year following he 
married. 

In all his public labours^ and pri- 
vate intercourse, he manifested a 
heart warm with devout zeal and 
affection for the Redeemer, sincere 
bve for the souls of men, and an 
ardent desire for the conversion of 
poor sinners; the enlargement of 
the Redeemer's kingdom in general, 
and particularly that church over 
which he presided. If, on some oc- 
canona, his zeal, in the estimation 
of others, appeared to run too high, 
he might have said, with the apostle, 
*' Whether we be beside ourselves, 
it is to God : or whether we be so- 
her, it is for your cause, for the love 
of. Christ constraineth us.'' It was 

VOL, XVI. 



in the cause of his Lord that he ro- 
oeivcd his death-wound; having, 
upon an itinerant expedition, caught 
cold, of which he never wholly re- 
covered. In February, 1822, he was 
very much afflicted with the rheu* 
matic fever, which was followed by 
an inflammation of the lungs, by 
which affliction he was rendered in- 
capable of attending to the duties of 
the pastoral office. 

During the period of nine months^ 
little or no expectation of his rer 
covery was afforded ; yet he endured 
bis long afflictiop with Christian 
patience, and with a lively hope of 
immortality. It pleased God that, 
early in 1823, he was enabled partly 
to resume the duties of his office, 
but never wholly obtained his former 
strength. On the 12th of October 
he was seized with the typhus fever, 
which he caught through visiting a 
family on a benevolent object ; and, 
on the 26lh of the same month, he 
finished his mortal career, and en- 
tered into the joy of his Lord. 

He observed, a little before bia 
death, that, although his feelings 
were not of so high an order as 
some, yet he had such a hope in Je- 
sus, that he would not part with for 
the world. And be rejoiced that 
he could say, he knew in whom he 
had believed, and he was persuaded 
that he was able to keep all that be 
had committed unto him unto that 
day, &c. 

The LordVday before his de- 
parture, he seemed to have a pre- 
monitory dream : he dreamed that a 
certain person, whom he well knew, 
came to him, and addressed him 
thus:—" Mr. Sykes, by this day 
week you will be no more; but it 
will be well with you," — ^and im- 
mediately disappeared. It is remark- 
able that he died about the same 
hour that very day week. He was 
not very collected for a few days be- 
fore his death, yet, even in his wan- 
derings, the whole of his conversa- 
tion was of a religious east One 
time he seemed as though he was 
giving advice to the church ; at other 



1.58 



OBITUARY. 



limes exhorting one youni^ person 
or other (whom he supposed pre- 
sent,) to watch ftthiess and praj^er, 
and to various Christian daties. 

His remains were interred in the 
Baptist Chapel at Scarboroagh, on 
the 29th, by the Rev. Messrs. Rouse 
f)f Kilham, and Morrell of Malton. 
His death was improved in a sermon 
from Rom. viii. 10, on the Lord's- 
ilay bat one following, to a namer- 
ons and attentive congregation, by 
the Rev. R. Harness of Bridlington. 

He has left a widow with the 
charge of three small children, 
wholly without support; it is, there- 
fore, hoped that her condition will 
excite the compassion and sympa- 
thy of the lovers of Jesus Christ, and 
Incline them to afford her timely 
«id. 

H. 



MR. THOMAS WHILES. 



To the Editor of the Baptist Magazine, 

Sir, 

Mr. Thomas Whiles, a respectable 
farmer of Southmills, near Blunham, 
Bedfordshire, returning from King- 
stone Wood farm on the evening of 
'October 10, 1823, rode his horse to 
urater, according to his usual cus- 
tom, to the river Ivel, which was 
about forty yards from his own sta- 
ble. About ten o'clock the horse 
was found near the premises, with- 
t)ut its rider, which caused great 
'alarm. He left Sandy, a village two 
miles distant from Southmills, about 
eight o'clock in the evening, as well 
as usual: persons were sent to 
searcli the road. A boat was near 
at hand, by the assistance of which 
the river was searched, and about 
two o'clock in the morning he was 

.' found dead in the river, in about 
two feet depth of water: of course 
it would be reported that he was 
drowned; but on the Doctor ex- 
amining his body, in order for 
the Jury to pass their verdict, 
he sud, that it was his opinion 

f ; an apoplectic fit was the cause 
of bis death, and that he would 
have been a dead man though he 
had not gone into the water. The 
' deceased was forty years of age, and 
'has left a widow andseven children, 



which were, in a great measure, de- 
pendent on his industry : and, if the 
industry, Christian cbeerfolness and 
benevolence of a kind and tender 
husband, and affectionate father, 
made bis continuance desirable, 
these amiable qualities were united 
in Thomas Whiles. But those things 
which weigh mostvrith men, appear 
to have but little influence with him 
before whom all the nations of the 
earth are bat as the drop of a bneket; 
it is right that he who works alt 
things after the counsel of his own 
will, should have his own glory cou" 
stantly in view. 

Mr. Whiles was just about to en-* 
ter upon a larger farm ; and, if hi9 
life had been continued, there was a 
prospect of his doing well for his fa- 
mily. All things were preparing for 
their removal, but, in one hour, the 
prospect is blasted: a striking in- 
stance this of the utter uncertainty 
of all human projects. " His breath 
goeth forth, he returneth to his 
earth : in that very day his thoughts 
perish. — ^Therefore be ye also ready : 
for, in such an hour as ye think not,- 
the Son of mancometh.'' 

The following letter, from the pas-* 
tor of the deceased, contains a con- 
cise and modest statement of his 
character, and his friends will be 
much obliged by its insertion. 

StaughtoUf Beds^ Nov • 25 , 1823. 
Dear Sir, 

The melancholy tidings of the 
sudden and alarming death of our 
brother Whiles, produced a very 
painful effect on my mind : in giving 
vent to my feelings, I found no lan- 
guage more appropriate than those 
pathetic expressions of David, when 
mourning the loss of his beloved 
friend and brother. '' O Jonathan, 
thou' wast slain in thine high places: 
I am distressed for thee, my brother 
Jonathan; very pleasant hast thou 
been unto me.'' But, <* It is the 
Lord," and it becomes ns to bow, 
with silent submission, to his sove- 
reign controul. ** Clouds and dark- 
ness are round about him, while 
righteousness and judgment are the 
habitations of his throne;'' and, 
though sometimes he hath '' his way 
in the whirlwind," and ** his path in 
the gtesii waters>" so that we cannot 



OBITUABT. 



159 



comprehend " bis footilcpH," tlin 
period ii fait approBchinK wiien the 
■HNt nyiterioua parti of hiiconiluct 
vill be expUiaed, lo oQr complete 
>nd eternal latisfaclion : " What I 
do (said onr divine Mailer.) Ibou 
knoweat not ■mid, bnt tbou abalt 
know heraifier," 

Aniidit tbe gloom whieb lor- 
nmtida thia awful event, it \t a 
eheerini; coniideration, that there ii 
e*ery reaion to coDclade, our dear 
brotber is happj. "One ^ntie 
itroke," emancipated tbe ioimorta] 
qtirit frMnall tbe eviisofthi* vale of 
bar*,and uibered it into the immedi- 
ate preaenoe, and Italtfraitioii, of the 
ner Meased God ; and, while it ii 
inponlbto to withhold oar sympathy 
from the bereaTcd widow, and her 
orphan children, let us bless tbe 
Lord, that there ii no oanie what- 
ever to grieve on M* aocount — their 
irreparable iot$, ii bii unapeakable 
gwtH. And tbej may rest asiured, 
thai aa "God, in his holy habitation, 
is tbe Fatiier of the faUierless, and 
tbe 'ndge of the widow," be will 
neither fail, nor forsake Ihem, in 
their present destitale and afflictive 



Aa to the character of tbe de- 
coaaed, there was, I believe, but 
one opinion, and that of the mosi 
hononrable kind; ho was highly es- 
teemed by bis Christian brethren, ai 
the sincere friend, and bumble ful- 
lower of the meek and lowly Ke- 
deemH*. His devotedness to God, 
Mid his cause were ardent and ex- 
emplary. His carriage towards bis 
bretbren, was peaceable, affable, anil 
^ectionate ; and biii general dc' 
portment corresponded with bis pro- 
fesnon, tending, in no small degree 
to adorn tiie doctrines of the gospel 
of Christ By a reference to the 
chnrriibook, it appears, be was bap' 
tlEcd and received into cammuniot 
Oct. 7, 1804, and continued ar 
boDonr^le member unlil removec 
to the ohnrch triumphant above 
wbiofa took place, Oct 10, 1833 
having been a member nineteci 
years and three days. 

That the great Head of thi 
cfanrch, may sanctify tbe loss w< 
are called to sustain, and raiau u| 
jsnd add lo.atirchuichas, many mori 



if a similar stamp, and lik»-mioded 
«ith our departed friend, is Ibe aio- 
tere desire, of. Dear Sir, 
Your affectionate brother, and fal- 
low labourer, 

James KNroHT. 

Hia remains were interred at 
Blunham, Oct IS. Mr, Hawkins 
ifKeyaoe, addressed the people at 
Ihe grave side, when a funeral ser- 
mon was preached to a very crowd- 
ed and solemn audience, from Psal. 
tlvi. 10. *■ Be still and know that 
[ am God." 

Also, a faneral sermon was 
preached at Stanghton, by Mr. 
Knight, bis highly esteemed pastor, 
Oct 26, fhim Psalm xxxix. 9. " I 
was dumb, I opened not my mouth ; 
because thou did at it." 



MRS. MARY HENWOOD. 



The subject of this paper, Mrs. 
Mary Hen wood, was impressed 
with eternal things in tbe early part 
of life, Ihroagh tbe ina traction and 
example of a pious mother ; she had 
a deep sense of lin, and fell that sba 
needed a Sayiour; but bermind was 
ignorant of God's rigbleousuess, and 
she sought to establish her own, 
Dtitil she was led, by clearer views 
of the gospel, to see that *■ it ii not 
by works of righteousness which we 
have dune, but through tbe mercy 
of God in ChriatJesQs that we are 
saved :" aRer this she was enabled 
to believe tbe record God has given • 
of bis Son, and experienced that joy 
and peace which Sow from a lively 
faith in Jesus Christ 

At lenglh she felt it her dnly to 
profess her love to the Saviour, by 
conforming to bis precepts, and by 
attending to the institutions of bis 
honse ; she was comeqoenlly bap- 
tized, and united in the fellowship of 
the gospel with tbe church at Exe- 
ter, then under the pastoral care of 
tbe Rev. Mr. Clark. 

After this, abe removed to WaN 
worth, and was diamiaaed to (he 
church over which Doctor Jen- 
kins then presided ; here the minis- 
try of tbe word was greatly bless- 
ed to her soul : her residence at 



169 OBtTVART^ 

Walworth, however, was not Ions, Tbe last sfnictiouoT this ckcollmt 

and she was removed to Gosport, in woman was sudden anal unexpected ; 

Hampshire. slie waa oat speading tho^ evening 

Id 1811, a church wag farmed at with a few serious friend s, Deewn- 

Forton, near Gosport, and she, with ber 23, 1823 ; after lea it waa yri- 

twelvc other persons, coiislilutcd posed (o spend the evening ia 

the new chureh there; during her prayer, and she, with several olheni, 

ooonexion witb tbe church at For- en^caged in the interesting' service, 

ton she exempIiSed mach of the She was tiien in good beatlfa, and 

Christian character; her deep expe- her prajer, on that oeotslon, »»« 

rience of diviae things, — berregular earnest and impreitive ; ahe prayed 

attendance on the ordinances of the particnlarijr for the ehnreti, and that 

oharch,— her stroog faith,— genuine none miftfet be permitted to joiij 

humility, — Christian meekness and it but those who bad firri given 

aimplicity,— berspiritaality ofmind, tbemselvei to the Lord, and 

and uniforni conduct, rendered her for tier friends present, that Ibej 

an example worthy of imitation. might be " prepared for death and « 

In the course of her pilgrimag« blessed elernit;," In the morving 

■be frequently wrote down llie feel- of that day she was in a very happy 

ingt of her mind, and by her writinf(a frame of mind, admiring tM gtiodi 

we lind that slie was often painfally n»ss of God, and sard, she sbonid b« 

exercised; tier Diary aboanda with gladif tbetimeorherdeparlDre'wert 

such expressions as the following : come ; at>d, thoagh there was no sigs . 

" Blessed be God for inch an of sncb an event, the anlicipatisni 

High'priest, that can he tooched of her mind were soon realiEeil ; for, 

with the feeling of my iaBrmities; immediately after the prayera bad' 

for he was in nil points tempted as I closed, she retired from Ibe nMn; 

am, yet without sin. I can, there- and it was aoon annoaneed that she 

fore, come boldly to the throne of waa very ill. Mediealaid wasealledj 

grace, to obtain mercy and grace to and it was the opinion of the phyrf^ 

help in time of need. Many have cisn that she wonld not surviva . 

been my trials and afflielioBS, many many honrs. Her speech was nncb 

tny mercies and comfortx. altered, and she appeared al moat In* 

" On taking a retrospect of mr seaublei at this moment she was 

Snst life, 1 might well say, with heard ' indistinctly repealing the ' 

lewton, ' through grace the merci- word* of the poet. 
All Lord has not gufTered me to make i, ~. ,■ ■„ i. „' _ ' 

any considerable blot in myprofes- To'^jrnil d UTe"*""" 

won duriug the Urae I have been We will adore hia grace Wdw, 
numbered among bi* people ; bat I And sing Ms power above.'' 

bave nothing to boast of herein: it 

has not been owing to my wisdom, She was taken home, and, «on> 

walchfulnesr, or spirituality: though, ^"J *" ^^ expectation, -lived Ihree 

inthemain,hehaBn'>tperraittedme weeks, bnt in such a state as not !• ' 

to live in the neglect of his appoint- >» able to converse ; she, however, 

cd means, yet, Oh ! the muliiplied indicated the happy state of tier 

instances of stupidity, ingralitode, ""lod by vanons signs ""til faeriM- ' 

impatience, and rebellion, to which n"»"al »pif»t ft«»k '»» fllfht to the ; 

my conscience has been witness.' gloriOBi regions of ImnorUlitj. ■ 

O for a broken heart, and a contrite _ , ' ■ 

spirit ; blessed be God, * * 

"There is a fountaidfiU'dwith blood, BET. WILLFAM ATtVOOD. ', i 

Drawn from Inunanuel's veina; _^.^ 

AadsinaeTspluBg'dbaieath that flood, 

Lota all theii guitt; ataias : Died at Famingham, Kent, Fer 

« Dear, dying Iambi Ihv ptecions '"'"'^'J **"■■ "** RET.'WaLUH 

blood ATwoon ; for more than thirty 

Shall neverloae ilspower; years the faithful and snecessM 

TJllalltbe'raasom'dcharchofGMl, pastor of the Baptist Chnrch ai 

Be sav'd, to sin no more." Folkestone in the above county. 



JRrtiteto. 

fktutf Sermunu, ly lit kit Htnrjf time it wu delivered, Ibal it pro- 

Mnijpt, H.O. 8*0. Pp. Hi. ilnced IbemoBt iDlempenite fttUoki 

lOi. Sd. apon tbe preacher, uid that, evea . 

(■kinn. H* ».. . n..., »»i...nt *"« foDrteeorh Sermon, p. 977. Wn 

M (or HDoere plotj mnd deTOtednei* " 'f> >' "'J time, Ood u nleued to 

to the MfVicc of God, At (be an "'»''■ » reTelalion of hia will to man- 

oretBMwD, w>M>p at Carobrkln, be ^^^' '"'^J° I"'"* ?"'• "ajofaal- 

*«. Grat rendered iiMaay In bU "ti"" to them, which b enUrely mw. 

£!SlJl''^f"'V"^''^ '/ ''," U^JuCe.tUhS3;'^hV£i^<i , 

^'yLT; "^""-V-""' "^, '' •'^' «f«>«latt<«« i» to be eJipected, or 

■pd tbo admomlwui of a pioaa ^^gt aort of tmUia are Ukriy to bo 

water. Sboitly after, the auddeo contalnod ia IL We eaanot »o much 

dealb or hia father deeplj affected a* eoajectaro about theae thiagi with 

him, and led bini to read the Bible any appearance of profaaUlity, bat 

aad to pr^, " Doddridge'i Riae aod muit wait, in patisiit expectation, till 

Progrvaa," no doubt, cuntribated the revelatioD ia actaally made: be- 

nncfa at thia period lowani* hii '^i" *^e nalnre and necesntiea of 

eomennoB to God, and he gradnally "»« w»y "q"*™ « treatment which 

acqaired more knowiedm in divine "« *" "<»' " . "!?* »«• "oda 

tbk«a, bj Gonatmat attendance on """""f BO'W^inS the aiiTer..,ef 

<k_T_i_ijL_ rii._ ■) _ u ei_. which we form bnt a lary aatall part, 
1l»ininaft7"fthe Rev. M>. Simeon, ^^ utterly beyond tli laoge^nd 

wboM inbKqnent friendibip w«. ^^ „f om'hfgW app»h^ion. 

ot tbe grealMt advantage Ig him. Hence, when w«e««^ae a revriation, 

Itwaa aremark of that eminently purportingtobe&omOod,andinqoini 

- OKInl eleiKTinnn, relative to the in- into the way of aalvation pointed out 

valuable MuuraoTDr. Carey, which in it, oar minda maitbe made npto 

firit gave Ibe miawonary biai to Mr. difflcnitiet, and he eontented to re- 

Martju'a nind, and he waa after- main ignorant on many pointa iriilch 

warda ronOrmed in bis parpoae of we hoped wonld have been revealed, 

tbuii acrviiiK God, by reading the W^"* once we are aaliafied with Ae 

IJfe «f Briinerd. Afterav^frtj external evidence, of .U tmtha it ia 

ir^TrfT'^ "" 'I'T' ^n^v'r^u^wiS'oXT'^it';^^ t 

efflbarked for Indiana a chaplaw, ^gW to be, or might hive been. It 

ijd waa received in Calcntta aa an i^l^^^ « to uk fer initmction with 

iUwortonianjpray«rsofCbnilian« immUity, and to receive it with re. 

teaidinK there. Here it waa moat verence. If men will not condnct 

oflbn (ermona contained in the pre- their inqsiriet in thit spirit of diihr- 

Kot volume were prendied, and ence, but Doder tlieiiiBnenceof pre- 

thoae, who are aware of Ifae painful mature opinion*, will presume to die- 

oppontion iie bad to encounter in tate, instead of Bubmitting to be 

Ibat cllj, wiU be happj to have thia Un^t; God does not aocommodate 

opporiaaity of informing tbem- W-^'f ^,^'' pi^Ji dices of prond 

«l«. of tho«, doctrine, which r™^v°J'I^^™Tc;^«.hl-",„"'^S^ 

«« reverend divine, denominated t^r'^VhXtZff^lSl^ s^! 

InconwatenI, estravagant, andab- t„^ ,„ mankind with a certain degi^o 

wrd." Wo were particularly glad ^t evidence and no more, so he haa 

■a Snd amoDg these eermoni, one, igft them : if men neglect them, on 

«hich ia mid 1o have occaiioned nlistever plausible pretext, let them 

Mch a sensuliOD in CakutUt at the do it at dieir peril. Once he hat lient 
VOL. XVI. H 



162 



REVIEW. 



forth his word. With the majesty 
of God he dedares, ' Ke thai . 6c- 
Uevetk and is baptizedj shall be MBd ; 
buty he that heUevHh not, shall be 
4tume^' ** 

The preacher proceeds to coq- 
rid6r, • 

' I. The Subject of the A posticus 
preaching. 

II. The different Modes of its 
Reception among Men. 

III. The true Light in which it is 
to l>e received. 

> After a plain and soriptaral re- 
presentation of the doctrine of the 
eross, speaking of those who ^ are 
•hosen of God to be his witnesses 
upon earth/' he says, 

^ They preach Christ •cmelfted as 
they fiad it revealed, they are not 
eonoemtd abodt malLiiig lihe doctrine 
appear more reasonable, so as to ap- 
protve it to the leaned, nor to state it 
so as to leave no room for ot^ections.; 
bat, .as the scriptures have left it, «o 
they taJce it up. They do not gild 
over the cross, or invent it with gaudy 
trappings, or aHTire men to it by do- 
Ceitfal panegyrics; but tiiey take 
their stand at the foot of the blood- 
stained tree, and pnxdalm, in those 
words which were written on the cross, 
f Jestts «f Naaaretii, the King of the 
Jewsr^ Pp. 886^886 

In exhibiting this doctrine in its 
toue ligjit. as the « Po^er of God,V 
the preacher selects " fhe single fiict 
of a sinner's conversion to estahlisb 
tbe poiut»" 

** For -observe,'' he sa;^,^ the state 
ttnd oondition of ah obstinate siimer. 
He has given the rdns to app^te,. 
Hhd has been long rtmning the career 
l»f wiefcedness : he goes en, deaf to 
the admonitions and Infreaties of 
fVieMta, and the warnings of con- 
sdenee; and regatdless «f conse- 
qoetaees, is seaipcely restrained, by the 
tejntors cif ah igaeninioins death, from 
perpetratag the blackest crimes : the 
Joys of heaven have no power to attract 
Ms desires, nor can the tbreatenings 
iif eternal punislunent, deter 1dm f¥om 
sin: he cMrtlnaes his course of self- 
indulgence; and becomes lieAdstrtrng 
•^iatrsctable^ontrageeus: all human 
neans have failed to reclaim him, he 
is genenlljr given np as irrecoverably 
vidous. in the course of a short time, 
the Teiy sasse person may be seen 
walking soberly) righteously, and god- 
ly ; not partially reformed, but follow-^ 



ing universal holiness: holding com- 
munion with that God, whose very 
name he hated, delighting in that so- 
ciety which once he despised, he lives 
the ornadwnt of human mature, nnd 
dies with a . hope fall of inmiOrtaiHty. 
What was it we ask that Ahanged 
him ? Did the angel Gabriel lead him 
in a vision to the empyreal heaven, 
and oveipower his^cormptiGfns by a 
torrent of divine glory? or, was a 
spirit of darkness sent to Conduct him 
to tkie confines of hell, that the nearer 
sight of the livid flame might startle 
his souly and force him from his sins? 
No! these argamenta, or, others, as 
strong, had b^en tried in y%in : logsl 
hopes never yet made the heart yield : 
No! the man, whose change :we are 
acconnting for, once heard Uiat feUh- 
fid saying y Thai ChriHJestu eamiBinto 
the world to saxie sinneTs.-^That the 
Son of God himself, had died Aar the 
chief of sinners — that now, -pardon for 
the past was offcved freely, ajui grace 
for the fiture stored up Ibr the peni- 
tent: this strikes, his attention and 
his heart, aad a gleam of ratunung 
hope begins to steal 4hjrou|^ his 
breast. * If this great salvation .be 
for any,' he will argue, * dien why 'not 
forme? If Christ was crucified for 
me, then I may hope, that,"Cor his 
sake, God will surely receive me. I 
will believe that the titoed of ^ Jesus 
€yhrist demiseth from oil siil?' he Ven- 
tares to apply ibr pardon ; and; almost 
to his own surprise, his conscience 
enjoys peace within! the inward 
change l>egins by the renovating in- 
fluences of the Holy Ghost; aad the 
same person, who was before the 
image of Satan, is made by his inward 
purity to resemble the Holy One!" 
Pp. 201T-298. 

We Are sorry we danadt idd tbe 
foHowing paragraphs. 

It is not merely tat a ohaplshi 
Henry Martya is knnwo. : Provi- 
dence destined him for thte high and 
holy 'Galling nf a Christian Mission- 
ary, and a travslator of the wiMd of 
God. What his views and desires 
were in tMs arduoos uodertttkikig, 
may be learnt from the last sermon 
in this volume, eolitled ** Cfaristiaa 
India." 

Althoogh ft wouid not i>e finr to 
estimate tbo talents of an aothor, 
by posthumous pnblicatibna, which 
have not received (he last touches 
of his pen, it will reqiiire.ao stcotch 
of candour,' to ; reoeivti Dwfolmne 



AktdiAn 



befare A*, h trorifay of tbe dUtfa- tptnt •TUm 

nnifcad ropoMlba «r Iha iiulhur. eariiditagit 

IndMd, it ff fliflktit to penaula to hMty ar jMtftiRl coDolwfawa. 

oorepkn, ti«t<ritlMUaiIias mac i»- TbeMrcqaiiilMare apfaratiallM 

t n ta m itm , U»t tbm»» Mrawot bua p«ffea befoc* «•. Th«t lh« woric 

Mt bef« caraTaU J NviMd bj >••« traitUartofiMMliiob,wheap«rMM4 

■UohMKi: Uw Ai*t tea bavin; bMn is detail, MnineDtijr mil for noli 

prnwrfwd tta MflcwMive Sabbatbi qakUSaalioDa, wiU b« evidctit m im 

jiwt Mm bii 4epart«r« fram proceed to naoM, io their urder, ita 

BfmxM, MtTeral McttoBi. TW RnI iion tba 

Ttw nitiwti of Ibe •ermoiH KB, " Djatieeof HtMbuMbMHtWlwoT 

Thf AloMgntart-^llie I<nv« of Ood Hw aatbor Jna mow MocUaat fn- 

iathm Q\n v( Ote San—Tht Kmgnu liniiaary leMHki, fordb); M^iiag 

of Sin va4 at Graa»— Scripton Ibc iaeourirteiwy mmA mhappiaoM 

aiore perMiMln (baa rnVtwaUmt ofa CfarisliaB'i/mMMflU**' Mwrt 

AMMraiKVB— Tbe Oomn of 4be inlimale of ail haoMH •rfattMH," 

WicM— "Hie EhKoiiriilatM of the with •□•«)» oanno* be ootnolan- 

HMut»1Ubafaft«>«,tbe Waytolbc liowl; rag^rried ■■ a 4bejpie «f 

KiiWiifw»^'nw Chrittian Walk— CbriM. At page flO. 4ba pwMtiar 

Paul Mid IMix— lanUlioa of Ihe <mm U treated «f, where, after « Ma- 

Hpiiit uid Ike Bridc-^Tbe New inii plodgta of Melity kitm,* om 

CantlH»— NaMiw and M«aM of part; bat bees M la«HfbrBc«<h« 

CooawaiaB St- Paal'* DeaeriplioB SMpel b«lbre fbc tatendt^ oBton. 

and SalnMloa oriraeCbrbHaaa— And we Ibiak it ia rteridrd qaite 

11ieI>eM)iiiMg4)fChii(t<:rad6ed— josllj, tbat lucta a cbange cMMt 

IV ClHreb a apiritiial BDildiiig~ warrMtt (he iireaoh «r a dinot m»- 

Tfap Ircmblinc Jailor-^Tbe 8Uta of KagMMit ; wblle, al tb« wne ttnw, 

Katae — Tba SMe «f (^«ae — that candtd explaoalioii fa <««»»- 

Cliriil'a gra>4 CanMiii«iU» to hia seadcd, winah ja>tloe«nd witdoa 

Apoariv— fhrntian Ifidia. equally diolalet Mid which, proba- 

Weoondially wiab Ibit aokutie a biy, in many fntlaneea, (u in wM 

«t4« «ir«WlaUMt. aad ^OMider the ttiM eame iMder M>e AOtlMr'a kaeWA 

•ditan to Jkto eooEened a ^reat ledge,J would lead to the diMidn- 

GMuor aa the (xtUie, ia ifasiias f«a- tion, by imrinBl -oonaent. aT a csn^ 

loed from abli*WD tbeae vaJnaMe tract, the AilGlroMt ufwhitfe umM 

tiwnnnwii not ^oduee Mioifort. W« eaaaot . 
MkHv Mr. loDca tfarsngh Ilia tMM 

•♦"*■ asd pious abiertatiou o« tbe prta- 

ta «d. Ediabnixli. ^^^^^^^ ,^ dbci.saed. bow far. aod 

This aDpretcDding, but jwUeifHM at what period, th« jotms «« jnrfl- 

*tidiite(<ilTolume,fh>mlhepciiof a (^ in imn-ooBpiiHwe w4tb the 

mpeeled paatorlnOnrowndeDoml- w4ahnnTi>onHBBBdi«f paretrts, oa 

mtiM.lM«b«fln*oilw*b«ttoole«K the fronnd «r coBtciofrtlMs «««• 

miwticed^««:l>ntiw.arepleaaed n(ei, or eoppoaed daties. There fa 

to aae that a aeoomi editian liai. in neoeatarily loniethinK of eeneralily 

1ihe«pa«Uwe.«*'enpfoofofU««o- in tbe)teciBio«,<ttioaKh-b(rHt on »a 

Mplaifie. That kin|li>f Christian is- Hnindeat priocipW,) which may t«ii- 

itnictio9,w.betber from ttie pulpit or dcritdilKcaU of application to the 

tht prcaa, which ij^tJj' dmwti 'Or tiBiiMMMHdl*era>liet«Ml f;r»dationa 



aiditbeapplicationortbccTanfcrlical oftaofanasea. The renaric appoHd- 
mlo to the BpeOiKl «irtioi »ad rela- ^d to Ibia diiicnsiion is exedlebt, 
ttwaofufiUnBry liff, is ot yeat I*- » TMiindiRff Iboso yonnj peraeos 
tot. Itdemaod* Mature and touod whonay 1m H>o^ ""^ the pain. 
jMliaMit, t niad intboed with the fg^ MMHiiy of^t^i^^Uie wiibea 
E S 



164 



REVIEW. 



oC a parent, from the iinperati?e call 
tbey: feel, to snbmit, in matters of 
teligion, to a still higher authority ; 
that ancb opposition should always 
be accompanied with a double res- 
pect to the commands of their pa- 
rents, and an increased desire to 
anticipate, if possible, their irery 
wishes, wherever these are found 
not inconsistent with the will of 
,Godk? — It would be a blessing to 
every youth to read and mark the 
reasonings and illustrations present- 
ed pp. 63-68, on the folly of slighting 
the advice of experienced and ten- 
der friends. — The 3d section, on the 
** Duties of Parents,'* offers various 
cautions, by some of which we ven- 
ture to say, that many Christians 
will feel themselves justly reproved. 
The hints on ^ unreasonable requi- 
sitions,'' on not distinguishing * be- 
tween accidents and faults,' and on 
** administering reproof in [anger," 
cannot be too often considered. The 
importance of parental example^ in 
giving efficacy to parental precept, 
is enrorced by this interesting state- 
ment, which we abridge. — A candi- 
date for ordination to the Christian 
ministry publicly noticed, that at 
one |>enod of his life, he had nearly 
been betrayed into the principles of 
infidcilty. But, he added — *' there 
wasrone argument in favour of re- 
vealed religion^ which I never could 
get the better of, the consistent 
christian conduct of my own far 
theri" — In the next section,** Duties 
of Servants," we find apposite in- 
struction to that class of the com- 
munity, and their opportunities of 
Christian usefulness, are illustrated 
in a very pleasing and encouraging 
manner by an anecdote at page 16^ 
The 5th and concluding section 
treats of the correspondent ** Duties 
of Masters." In speaking of the re- 
ligious knowledge which ought to 
be communicated to a household, it 
is elegantly observed, '* that many a 
copious stream of human happiness, 
gladdening the hearts of multitudes 
in each succeeding age, while pro- 
gressively winding its way in the se- 
cresy and silence of domestic life, 
will be found to have derived its 
origin from the faithful instructions 
given by a Christian master to the 
s^tyants who are placed under his 



roof." There is much solemnity apd 
force in the reflections with which 
this part (and with it the body of 
the work,) is terminated. But it is 
further enridied with an Appendix; 
which has been considerably en- 
larged in the second edition, con- 
taining valuable extracts from Dean 
Kirwan and Dr. D wight on educa- 
tion, and from two tracts of Joseph 
Alleine. It also presents two striking, 
anecdotes, one oh the effect of a 
pious mother's prayers, the other on 
a dying parent's request to a careless 
son, which was simply this — that 
be would spend a quarter of an hour 
alone every morning. — The son 
agreed, and, after his father's death, 
began faithfully to fulfil his engage- 
ment. At first he thought it a very 
frivolous request, often booking at 
his watch, when the time should be 
expired*. — However, it occurred to" 
him, that his father, perhaps, in- 
tended he should spend the time in 
prayer. He began to try this, but 
he found no inclination fur it. He 
then began to reflect that his father 
used to spend much time in this ex- 
ercise ; and, as he venerated his fa- 
ther's character, he was led to think 
of the difference between bis cha- 
racter and his own. ' From this he 
proceeded to search the scriptures' 
— and his conversion ensued. 

We have offered a more particular 
sketch of the topics of the volume, 
because even the mere syllabus of 
its contents may suggest profitable 
considerations to various classes of 
our readers. And we do not hesi- 
tate to promise in the treatise itself, 
at a very moderate cost, both of 
money and of time, a store of prac- 
tical wisdom and of evangelical ad- 
monition. 



The Shepherd Boy, and the Deluge. 
By Charhite EHzahetk. 1823. 

Westley, ^" 

A VERY pretty little book^ neatly 
got up, full of piety and poetry, and 
fit for a Reward- book to any child 
that merits a reward. 



EHza Dalvanly ; or. Religion the 
tnte Source of Happineet. 1823. 
Westley. 12mo. Pp. 195. 25. 6d. 



Pndrriek; or, laeldmli iUuttratiBt holy inlluciice, through tbeir heuti, 

of the Beauliet a-nd Graeei of llint (heir minintr; may be made to' 

vital Piety in Ike Domtttie CirrU. produce a rich hartMt or bleuingi 

Wettley, Pp. 108. 2a. m every direction. 
These also are good Reward- . " 

books, elefcaDtly written, printed in * 

■aperior bIjIb, Knd deeply imbned d___.i. „ v~^.t. ztj.,„,.-„ 

wAh the ipirit of evMigelical piert. "^?^ "!^. TT~ .l^^ 
Bat Ihey lie open toZie. « kJ^, :^!^'"^'t± *1^ W^ 
of thp obieclioni which Ire imllO ""* ^ "Scfawit. 1823. Holdi- 

theretbre abnuM be given away with Whekb religion li regarded, not 

circDmspeclioD. »■ the one thing needful, butlheoo* 

. . tiling 'to be ocgleeted; where th« 

' • ipirit of the ichool ii the spirt of lb* 

Tkt EadtaaouT «f Stiymmn Lnetoa, gay world; where a taste for extep- 

<H ttffiitUd Yotdh, to be ft^ti to mil iccompliahmcDti and faihioiH 

" ' ' laateiml- 

the Lard ii gmeioui, 2d. or 12i. concluded that onr youni; femalea 

per 100. are likely to be moat Mrioaily cn- 

Two other traeta, written by thii dangered. 
iDteroitiiig youth with the ■implioitj The Wr authoreaa of thia Tolvm 

of a littleohild, havepaiaed thfoogh ''«»'» "»* *" •''«*> ""^ «P«coktinn 

levoral editinna. and were favour- •""'J- Her leawina are practical j 

sbly noticed in the Evangelical »'"^' '" «'«'7 P»Ke, it appenri that 

Magaaoe, and alio in our Number »be)"E« »mong nhildren, and haa 

for Decenilwr, 1822. The sale baa acquired muob knowledge by actual 

conlribaled not only lo the support experiment. 

of the writer, but of hi* afflicled pa- Tbepnncipaltopioadiaonsaedare, 

renUalao. "Religions Knowledge— Moral Dia. 

__ cipline — General Initruetion — 

* * Health and Recreation — Neatness, 

Mmlat Ditciplinti or, Hinli on tk* Order, and Domestio Arrangement* 

CalliualioH of lateUeetvai anri — Inlercoune wilhParenta— Teaob^ 

Jtfora/ Habiti: addretted lo Stf era in Schools — Private Govern 

drnU in Thtoiim and Yotmg Mi- ueasei." 

vtttrt. By Ueari FortUr Btw Prom tlie admirable leelion on 

dtr, M.A. Part the Third. 1833. Moral Discipline, we extract the fol- 

Westley, 6tc. lowing anecdote, page 168: 

Thmb elegant Mgea are highly « < if i „ere a horae,' exclaimed a 

creditable to Mr. Burder, in every x\-,^\^ xWiyt girl, who was walking out 

reelect we are pleased to obaerve with her governesB a few days after 

tbat be baa inserted some apposite her arrival at school, and witnesseld 

and valuable quotations from Owea th« correction bestowed upon a retVae- 

and Baxter, and from more recent torj animal of that specie* : ' If I 

writers of the highest rank, sach ai were a horse, when they used me well, 

Doddridge and Campbell, Cecil and ' w'^d go <"> as fast a« I could ; bnli 

Chalmers, Pal6y and Mason, Booth if they whipped me, I would staml 

aodlnnes. We are glad to learn, stUl and kick It waa sufficiently ob- 

.1 .k.. .!,-« :. . .™„ii-, —J vioni, that the propeusities of the 

alio, that there is a amniiei ana ,_ -' „.j ' f i-i .,_ ^ 

.1. p.. ediuoo. A.d ..w .. „,. i:r,7,r£"ir:3„Sf' j; 

nestly « i»b, that this admirable nta- ,nch an Insinnation Was not to be dis- 

niial may find its way into tbebandi regarded." 
of the student, in all our theological 

seminaries, and Ibe young pwtturi We cannot fnlly concur with Ibis 

of our cbnrches in all parts of the i^itelligent lady, in tlio opinion she 

■wintry. Nor c»n we forbear tu has pronounced on works of fiction ; 

pfay.lhat Iho senlimentg bere incul- but, in general, we strongly recom- 

tated may be difinsed, with all llieii mend her very judioious perlorm- 



160 



RttVIEW. 



•Bce to OOF readers-; And mor« en- 
|lcctalFy to those vtbo are gt)- 
vcrnesses and teachers in fetaale 
schoofs. 



Memoirs of the PMic and Private 
Life of JohtK Howard the Pkilan" 
ihr^pUt^ 4*0. ^c. Bjf Jamei Btdd- 
ipin Brawn, Esq. LLD, 5hi(l Bdi- 
tkm. 8vo. Westley, &d. 

John Ho^ARt) is ornwned wi(h a 
garland of iiMperlsbahle verdure. 
E^land is proud of his name. 
Europeans all agree to dentate 
Inn), by liray of emineuce^ the Phi* 
ImdhvpisL The world, at large^ 
eileeNM bint an angel of OMToyy who 
alleviated ibe sorrows of mnltitadeil 
tbaA were bound in fettdrs and iron. 
** The Society for iroprovlns^ Prison 
Discipline" roust have derived great 
aAvalitage ftrom bis recorded ekpe- 
rieuee; and tbcy bave the distin- 
rnisbed honour of treading in hia 
mtsteps* 

, Itiaeertain, however, that Done 
iMt true Gbliatians can appreciate 
the motives of this humble and boly 
man^ who sbys^ in the inscription 
which b^ wrote for his tomb, '* Mj/ 
hope i$ in CkriitJ* 

Yfe are happy to Hed an Mtavo 
•ditioB of I>r« Brown's elaborate and 
ateritoriouR volume, in which be has 
raised a mooument to our illustrious 
countryman, which, no dodbt, will 
cindttre to Ibe ^nd of timcf. 
. tWe migbt enrich our paif^s with 
many pleasibg extraeta froM this de- 
lightful lKK>k; but we shall rather 
fetoiiUiieibd it to ooi; readei-s to sit 
dUWii to tb^ mrbolf^. It places before 
ib^m no eJcutiisite feast, whl^b iio 
Dfiiei: munll life could Aiiolsb. 



^' tStfnMMt tku'Jh tiUMedff^m ikt 
Mtmmerinis ^f two (tiMbtUki Di- 
vHHtet &fihimt €)aiiuhf,/&t Mt 
Vh &f Lug Pvmekeri, mti T^ng 
mnUUH. V4>L VI. IIKU. K. 

Bltynes. 

Of these sketches it is but just to 
My, they *l^ equal in Merit to 
tb6s6 whith have preceded tb«m« 
Hf ost 6f therti, if not aft, Were uu- 
questionably written by the late Mr. 



Fuller of KrMoriDg. We have no^ 
ticf'd the former parts of this series 
in our Volume for 1823, p. 200. 

In the present colleetion, we 
were particularly gratified with the 
very palh«1ic sermon on ** Peter's 
i'cpentance.'* Mr. Fuller*s original- 
ity of thinking appears to high ad< 
vantage iu those on " Nehemiah*s 
prayer,'' and " The disquietudes of 
life." 



Little FiHmcis: or, SuntUnf Schook a 
real Blessing^ ithuirated in a brief 
Memoir of jPtMeie Jeer. Second 
Edition. By Cr Woojiacott Of- 
for. Price 3d. 

Tms Narrative df a youth, who 
died at eleven years of Ugt^, <$Onvert- 
ed through the instructioiis he had 
received iu a Sundav School, is well 
worth perusing by the coridttclorsof 
those usefol institutions ; slid is t 
suitable book us a reward for de^ 
serving ohildreil< 

Our principal reason for ndfieing 
it now, is for tbe purpose of e%* 
presnng onr grib^licatioU, that the 
wortfai minister, by whom this school 
was established, and the Memoir 
compiled, is removed to a sphere of 
labour, where multitudes of youthof 
both sexes need Sunday School m- 
stroction. The city of Westminster, 
perhaps, though the seat of our Le- 
gislature, and Of the Courts of Law, 
and of the Patdee of our Sovereign, 
is worse suppNed with evan^licsl 
instructors than any dffaer city of 
equal sise, iu the lTnit«d £tftpire. 
We hope that every fadlity und as<. 
ustance will l>e afforded tu Mr. 
WoollacotI, that his nMndenctf there 
may be rendered a real and e^teh- 
sive blessing, especlalfy to tlM» rising 
generation. 



Tkt Doittin^ of GHtci emutidw Jb 
•mitiHU NoHntis. ASirmondtiP' 
vered ol New Shdte^i' JBbO, an 
J'AnrMby, DeeevAer 6. 1H2*, «| c 
M^ntM Meeting of mniiUri : kg 
J*^i AiOd Jinttfr. Pt^ee. 

1p We could suppose that onr fe^ 
ecmmendation of this valuaUlo di»> 
cour^ would oontributoi in any 
considerable degree, tp Its being e&n 



KKVIBW. . 167 

fcD^velji »nd nltentivdy penned, Uwn w«w »ll deaJ i •ndiliithi died 

we would »enluro lo usute mir tor«ll,th»ttl>«y wliioliliT»,il»oMld*«l 

rcdrtom, Ibiit we liMeKldom met ^■^I^J'^S,*,"?' S!^'*^ •■■* 

with H nerffion, tlut wo think, n ----- — 
«akalated lo be uacTaL 



ohimwhodiidfoitl 



Tht CSriitiatt WtJehuaij m Strmm 

m Oecasiim of tlm Death ef tkt 

En. Thamt Btst, Imit Mitatttr af 

Cradiey Clucpel: on Sundaf, Aw. 

5, 1831 ; 6y Join Cveond, A.M. af 

St. Edmumt HaU, and PerfMual 

CuraU of BverlUjf, WorttlUrihirt. 

3iMl Edition. Pp. 45. 

Every niaitler of tl>e iruBpel 

■liould lis deairuus or hivinfi; tiii 

mimi constantly impreised with (Ijr 

aaiul raspoasibilit]' of fatinliarKCter. 

To tcitifj the ^oapel of Ibe grace of 

God— rigbtlf tedjiid«tbe word of 

trnlb — to be patient towards atl 

mrii — to walcb for (oals na tbi>ie 

who mast g^ive account — to be 

bllhfnl ooto deatb; — wbat coaae- 

crated «duur— what undivided at- 

lenliMi — wbat \t\ov\at; mbI— what 

balj afier.tjon— in a word, what a 

Mipplj' of Ibe spirit of Jetua Cbriiit 

aDutail tbia require 1 In luob an 

underlakinK, pomeveranoe would 

be presumption,' had not the obief 

Shepherd said, " Le, 1 am with you 

alway.even lo the end of tlio world." 

'riio Ref. TboifiaB Beit, whoso I'li- 

Mral disoourw haa ncouioned these 

reiifvk*,App«ara lo have ^eena truly 

devoted mau. We think the wbote 

ef Ihil MTRion to be bigbly re*pm;t> 

abb, bnt have onlj* ntm fat tho 

ftUoirie; extract 

" With tha ChrUhaa watchmas, 
Cknislian priaeiplei and <:htiatiaD mo- 
■al* v» inaepaTBUa. If he preaohM 
Uai«tiaa dai^ne*,be atwayt enToniea 
th«t h^; practicei la wtileb those hoi; 
doctriitei ainays letd. If tiepreaohea 
Cbriatiaa practice, lie neier forgeta to 
Itate the doctrines ttam which alime 
that practice dona. He darivas dw 
ttoit iKBBiendoitB'waniiagRag&iBst sin, 
tta moil pi^nful persaastvcB to hoU- 
Hsa, tb«.BMMt MlrriiiK a^niments for 
viVtiaBf themoM cfaeeriogenciKiraBe- 
menfji t|i trM? *Dd daa^n, (he m>it 
r«viTiiig Goneolatibni in totrow, in 
sickness, wA in death, from the doc- 
trines of Christ crncifted. ?ortiielove 
«f CMtt etutraau^ ns ; beeanse w« 
' thvJBdge^ "tliat, if one died for all, 



Hiligiott net SpreulaHve, btii Prat- 
tieal: a Sermon pnached brfnrt 
Uu Uidwrntg nf Oxford, at St. 
Marif'i, on Sundaif AJieniimi, 
tioutmber 23, 1823, by tht Rai. 
Jtaut Kidgbt, IS. A, of jMteoln 
ColUgr, and Curat* of Balifax. 
Pp.35. 

Maft pana^i in this disooarse 
are«ii1illed lo oar most M>rdisl ap- 
jirobalion : and the teiideaof of the 
wbole is certaiolydeiervlngof com- 
mendaiiun. If a i^m'tain degree of 
obscurity attend (onte of the state- 
ments, perhaps the HilBcntl}' of the 
stibjeot ma; be sacoessfullj pleaded 
in nrr«st ofjudgmfut. And.indtrMl, 
when it is considered that this ser- 
mon was delivered befiir* the Unl- 
versily of Oxford, it Is highly patl- 
fying to observe lb< rein of e*ang^ 
lical sentiment wbieb pervades It 
throughout. 



Obturvtt^ma on Porriventu eontiikf- 
ritoM a BionU Oblig'ti^i, and «•- 
fureed ai a Chruttan DtUjf. Bg 
Jatnti CUrL Hvo. I'p. 3U. Offor. 
London. 

Ok readily this pamphlet we were 
strougly reminded of the inspired 
remwk, *• A Mediator is not a Me- 
diator of one:" roesoing that tbow 
who ondertake to bring about a re- 
conciliation, between oOcnded par- 
ties, must bave equal regard to 
both; and Strive, especially wWI» 
aiming lo obuio fo^pveoess, lo pre- 
serve Ibe honour of tho offendeil 
party, by not ndmitting any cXcum 
on tbe part of the offendor, wliicfa 
shall . prevent that humiliation 
wbid) be onght to manifelt, in order 
to Mcnre the offended agauisi tlio 
rvcurrenoe of wmil*'' insijltt. 

Tliis is Uie point in which the 
writer of this pam^hlSI: hefqre us sp- 
pcsrs lu have ebtirery mistaken his 
snbJecL He litbours to prove, that 
the duty to forgive doea not rwl 
u^m Um femtcntt uf lh<t offender. 



1(» 



INTE1.LI6ENCB, &C. 



uid b« do«f IhU notwitlutaiHliiig 
tbe espTCH dirccUoo of onr l^ird 
a|wa the rabjeut, vbicb he emlnr- 
Toan to explain awkj: <S«« Lnkn 
X*iii-3, 4.) Ilia certuinl; Ihe daty 
of the oBiendet) partj to declare his 
wtlliBRDCiatofbrfive Ibe oSRitdcr, if 
be will ackoowlodgebii fnolt: and, 
in the event of hii tvtat\ag to for- 
give, when a readinosB In do ao ii 
iDRiiifeRted on the part of tbe of- 
fender, Ukd all tbe tlireatenings of 
IbeScriptaresaguaatanaaruixiviof 
«|>irit ma; be proper); applied to 
lum :— bnt not till then. That the 
-Ssvioar prajed for tbe forgivenew 
of bl« enemiei ii a deligfalhil fact ; 
bttt lionon do not receive divine 
fo^ivcneiH until ihcy are brougbtlo 
>ay, wilb auitable feelin^B, "If 1 
bave done iniqait;, I will do so no 
mnre." Remisiiun of sins i» always 
GODuecled with repenliuice Ibr lin. 
' J( i(, ai manifcating re|^ard for the 
Itononr of tlitine government, by 
making an Rtonemeat for tta, while 
lie diKuivercd coropaMion lowanLi 
the guilty, that the Saviour ia to be 
viewed aa oui example, reqiecting 
the ** duty of forgive ucM." 



Rurml Setidenee: a Potm in Fom 

Baokt; euntaimifi Rrfiecliant oft 

Moral and Beligioniiialiirt. S} 

W. Stooei. Pp. 136, 12mo. extrt 

Uoardi, 4). Second Edition, 

This ii a vtry iulereiling poem 

Tbe pioiu anllior aviUls hlmtelf o 

many opporttiniliei, furnished by tbt 

scenery nronnd.hiai,ef introducin; 

scriptural (ftjftlationi, serious reflec' 

tions,aad the most gratefuirefereDcei 

to divine niercy. We consider thi 

foem'to be well written, and a vn 
■able companion to tbe yonlhfn 
Christinh; and,asBHcb, warmly re 
commend its peruial, and ijocerel; 
wish It an exlensite circulation. 



.ITERARV INTELLieCNCE. 

Jh^ PuUulud. 
BapUsm the Scriptural and tndi»- 
lensable QoallBcation fot^Commanion 
It the Lord's Table ; m', Considnration) 
lesigned lo eipose the erroneoas 
Practice of departing from the oHginal 
Constitution of thr Christian Church, 
ij fonnding open Coinniiinion Baptist 
[^harohes, especially ip those Neigh- 
Morikoods wbere Evangelical Congra- 
^tional Chmchea already exist. In- 
dndiag AnimadTersioiu on the " Pre- 
race, &c." of the Rev. Robert Hall's 
'' Reply" to the Rev. Joseph King- 
Ikhu's Work on " BaptlsBi, a Term of 
Commnnion:" by Joseph Iviaiey. 
■ Yet I had planted tbee a noble rine, 
nhidly a right seed : bow then art 
thou turned into the degenerate plant 
of a strange vine onto me." Jeroniak 
tLai. 

A lUographical Portmitnre ot Hw 
late Rev, James Hinton, AJI, Ox- 
ford : by John Howard Hintm, H.A. 
of Reading. Svo. Price 10a. M. 

Faller's (late Her. A.) Works. Vol. 
the 8th and la* t. 8vo. Price Me, ta 
Subscribers. 

History of Joseph, in Verse, in six 
Dialogaea. laaw. Price Is. fld. Bds. 

HiDton's (Rev. J. KM.) New 
Ooide to Pnyer. 8vo. Ob. 

In the Prtu. 

The Christian Father's Present to 
bis Children. By the Rev. J. A. 

Sketdies of Senaoas. Fomishnl 
by their respective Authors. Vol. VIL 

A Second Edition of Toller's Sn- 
mons j with a Alemoir of the Author, 
by Rev, Robert Hall, M.A. 

The Whole Works of Bishop Rey- 
nolds, DOW ftrat collected, In Vols. 
Bvo. ; with a Life, by Alexander 
Chalmers, Es^. F.R.8. 

A new Edition of Professor Pax- 
tea's lUnstrations of the Holy gcrip- 



DEHARARA 



Sfntelligencc, ^c. 



prison, thus perhaps falling a victim ti 



^^.•.,.......... , pngon, thna perhaps railing a victim to 

The persecuted Missionary, Mr. I Iherage uDiisrelentlessenemies. Ifio, 
Smith, has finished his coarse : we [ this is the flrtt Instance of tnartyrdom 
deubt net with Joy. He died !■ his ) anoog English IHiisionuiet : and <re 



IMTEIL10S;«CE, &C. 



1C9 



tnitt it will b« At lut, in Colonlea 
■vluecl to the enliffhtened British Oo- 
Ttnuneut. The ■olitor; and diBtrened 
^tDBtioD or hi! 'Widow, who wu alto 
hU fellow- priaoDar, denands the irm- 
pitliy. And ^rill not be fargatten in the 
piajen of odt readen. 



Fromtht 
Mahv or oar reulen will recollect 
the Rev. Thonuu Psal Ihm BoMon, s 
Ban of colour, who waj, a few years 
u«oe,inEDgtuid, and a Teiypopalar 
preacher. lo March, Ian, he wai 
qipointed, b7tfas "BaptUt MiMionar; 
Siociety of Mauadtuella,'* aMiMlon- 
•r; to Hayti, [St. Doming] Hit ob- 
ject la to Inbonr for m noBtlu wnong 
tltB Haytlana, and, if thrre are any 
cDCOvracing proapecti of inceeu, tt 
ii the 4et0Tiiiinatian of the Board to 
•ettle a, peniaiiflnl MitaifHi eitabligh- 
aenton the iaUnd. " Weconfidently 
anticipate," nays the Committee, " that 
he will meat with no opporilion from 
the wculat power. For although, by 
the coQstitntioD of Hayti, * the Catho- 
lic, Apoatolic, bikI Rosuin raligton, is 
declared to be that of the goTemnient,' 
Jet, the cenatitution alao aaya, ' All 
ether religions denominatiaiu are to- 
lerated in the republic, conforming 
tbemielrea to the lawc' And we are 
■nured, from nndoobted aourcet, thai 
Pteiident Boynr ia a decided fHend ol 
itligioiu lUaertj !" 
ExtnuUfipn two Litlert ^f Mr. Paul, 

Part-m-Priiue, Jidg 16, isas. 
Rev. and har Sit, 

It is my doty to announce to yon. 

that I obtained an interview yeaterday 

with his Excellency the President, a: 

the Eovemment honaa, nhieh luster 

not ba iron two hoiin. I wu intro 

dacfd lo him by Oen. E — . My ere 

iendals were previonsly tranalatef 

ito French, and banded him, with thi 

fter and Biblei I received uom Nn 

•rk. ARer the formal introdnction 

* look onr aeata, when I said, , 

P'lime your Excellency hu beei 

'Ptsed of the object and design o 

"yrission to this highly favoarei 

""■y. He informed me he hai 



[(red his thanks, and was Bbnndonlly 
atisfitd widi my papers, and sorry 
hat such was the sitnatiDi) of the 
■eople, that they ware not prepared 

receive or hear another religioii, 
Kmtrary to thkt of the eataUishment 
ifthe coontry. However, he hoped, 
n a fntnre day, the Hoc woald come, 
*beu all religions would rejoice to- 
[etber. Gen. E — was present. 

I endeaioured to ex[^n to them, 
he real olffect of my visit to tbia 
aland, and the feelings of the Board, 
.ogether wiA ny own, and that I fell 
Imply interested in their preMnt, and 
iveriasti&g wellhre. Alter bringing 
nto view other considerations, hi* 
Bxcellency told me 1 might preaeh in 

1 private house or hall, and that he 
loped the tima wm nut far distant, 
when we should build houses of wor- 
thip,and enjoy them Domoleated. And 
tratii of then) affectionately told me 
not to be a stranger, nor treat them 
IS anch, but to call at tbeir houses 
iften ; they should alweji be glad 

Now, it the Lord Jesns is with ve, 
I know his name will be glorified, and 
tinners converted to hiss. 

Hy aSectkinate regard* to the 
Board. 

(.Christian love. 



in yours, i 



Rev. Mr, S. 



Thomas Faui.. 



Cspe HagU, Ai^. «, 1821. 

BlV. AND DBAaSlI, 

My last to yon, was dated Port-au- 
Prince. I was favoured of the Lord, 
so that I obtained liberty to preach 
the gospel on this island. In this. 



that the ol^ect I had in view, was the 
caoae of Qud, and my hope was in 
him, and I believed I should not be 
confonnded. I was with the heads of 
Government a considerable time; at 
length my petition was granted, and 
the goferooient pledged to protect me. 
When I returned, every one was 
anxious to hear the result, and when 
they were informed that I had liberty 
to preach, their hearts melted within 
them, and they blessed God and took 
conrage. I <usbibuted a number of 
Bibles tn On course of the week, and 
preached on Lord'*-day in the morn- 
ing to about fifty men ; nut a female 
present. In the afternoon, I preached 
to about double that number ; perhaps 
one-third were females: the season 



IXTELLICmjiCC, ItC. 




IB 



hbI spared!-^! Itet I 
be ior tke decUmiTe fdorraf God 
the aftmooa, at fomr o'clock, 
dUr to ■▼ oppoiolBCBti I ott ea d cd a 
seetia^: 'the seajoo was oActiaf. I 
Ihiiik aone were Rjoiriaf ia tke Lord, - 
who had pi c n ooi s jy eatCTtaiocd a hope 
io Chrift. CapUiB N. wms plg a aed to 
rive aw mtf pasMce, fhwi Port-a«- 
Pffioce to the Cape, whkh i* oot leas - 
thaa twcatr doUan. 

I eafaged aereral penoos to fets a '' 
BiMe Sinety ia that oty, which is to | 
take place oa aiy rcfua. ShoaM mj \ 
health be spared, I expect to be there ■ 
•boat the iist of October. 

larriTcdat the Cape oa the S9th of 
Jaly, with letters fioM GoTcraMcat to 
Oeaeral M— , which gaTC hia great 
flBlisfiictioB ; hewaspJ cai f d to say to 
me, that he was Tery glad I had ob- 
taiaed my obfed, and I ■if:ht rest se- 
me, that Dothing shoald be waatiag 
OB the part of the Govemmeat, and 
wished to receiTe iafonoatioB when I 
should preach, as be would atteod and 
hear me. Hitherto the Loid God hath 
blessed aie. For ever blessed be his 
holy name. 

I preached last Lord's day to a renr 
respectable nomber of people. I think, 
my dear brother S— , yoa would have 
bcca pleased with the solemaity of the 
people; some were on their knees, and 
apfoJEMBd sUeaoe perraded the as- 
sembly. 

At the dose of this meetUg, I ap- 
pointed a oonceft of pmet lor the 
Mezterening, heing the ferst Monday 
in the raooth. lliere were, perhaps, 
one hwMbed and fifty persons present. 
We opened the meeting by reading a 
diapter, and spent abont 16 minntes 
in an exhortation. Five prayers were 
<»||ered, and part cf six hymns were 
sung, and oar meetlBg dismissed at 
nine o'clock. This was one of the awst 
interesting meetings I hare witnessed 
sfaice my arrind. We agreed to estab- 
lish a BiUe Society here as soon as 
possible. 

We alfo bad a meeting last erening, 
and found eight or ten brethren and 
sisters who stand fast in the faith, and 
we have agreed to have the Lord's 
Sapper adnmustered next Lord's-day. 
This again was a precious season; 



>, O Lord, have aH the 

knne to vhe Board. I 

in yoinr prayers. 
In Christ, 

T. Paul. 



Gemgrml Gmoenium in the 

Os Wednesday, April 30, 1829, this 
Co9TentioB commenced its Fourth 
THennial Sesrion, at the Meeting- 
of the first Baptist Cbnrch, in 



the cafy ^ ir«AtBgtoa, President, the 
Rer. Robert B. Semple. Delegates 



■ p w aids of thirty Missionary So- 

sitnated ia ten of the States, 

District of Colombia, were 

it. Dr. StaaghtoB preached 

Acts xxriiL IS. 

Met the next day at fbe Rev. Dr. 
Lasnie^ Meetug-boooe, which had 
becm kindly oftiiwl , aad accepted 
thankfislly, becaase more central. 

Ciimaiiltlfn were appointed to ooi- 
doct the three MBssaoos to thalndians. 
One of these is called the '< Oufey 
Mission Stotien:"— as a small token 
of oar fimteiBal aflection for the cha- 
racter, and respect for the piety and 
talento aad labours, of the Rer. Br. 
Carey, ^lissionary at Serampore. 

A letter was read ftom the Rev. 
Lather Rke, agent to the Contention : 
—he states, that he shonld be able to 
serve the ConTeation without any sa- 
lary : — that the ^' JLnminaiy ,'' a quar- 
terly pnhlicatioa, and the ** Star,'' a 
weekly joaraal, were auecessfal:— 
that the property oonnacted with the 
Colambian printing offee, indnding 
two good houses, is worth 10,080 
dollars. 

In the Colnttbiaa College there 
were §9 stadenU* The jvhohei expea- 
ditare fiwr land, coUageedificea, hooses 
for professors, out^boildittgs, ita is 
about 70,000 dollan:— MBooBtofdeht. 
about SO/m dollars s---iineollaoCfd 
subscriptions, 90,000 dolUn >--daeiD. 
the Treasurer in notes, ftOOO dollars :-^^ 
he has made an inveatmeat is Baa> 
stock of 7,600 dollars 2-^amoant di* . 
from the ConTentipn ti^ the Board^ . 
Thistees, for ikeokgifM Banefidar^f. 
about 6000 dollars. — ^All these, v^.. 
collated, willbe suffic^tto Jiqv^ 
all the debts ;— Tuition iPQoey.^|l^ : 
studen to sufficient to pay tho sai'^ ^ 
the acting faculty. : . 

Mr. Lee Campere, for»erly*M»»- 
sionary at Jamaica, is tw^ t» 
dwell among the Creek la<^* l^ 
reply to the congratolatk' ^ ^a 



INTELLIGENCCy kt. 



171 



CoQTcntion, the Rev. Dr. Sfaughtoa^ 
the President of the Columbian Col- 
lege, replied) *^ that it waa hia bappi- 
0C88 to conaider bimaalf a .citiaen; 
and that he anticipated with pleasure 
the period when he should retire from 
pablic toils, in which he had been oc* 
cupied during fortj years, to enjoy the 
tranquillity of private life/' There haye 
been expended by theConyention during 
the last three years 66,000 dollars, viz. 
9,6a I on the Burman Mission ; Oy497 on 
the ValleyTown Missions ; 8,80$ on the 
Fort Wayne IMission. . The tenure by 
which tbe property held by the Con- 
vention at the different Mission sta« 
tioBs is considered entirely seenre. 

<< On the motion of Dr. StaughtoB,it 
was reaolve4» that the Convention en- 
tertain a Uvely sense of the munifi- 
cence of the Hon. Nicholaa Brown^ in 
eractingy at the expense of 30,000 dol- 
lars, aa eatire building, termed * Hope 
College/. and presentiag the same to 
Brown University. They desire that 
his views may be fully realiaad, and 
his worthy labours abuadontly re- 
warded.'' 

BISSENTINO REGISTERS. 
To tke Lditort of, the Baptigt Magaxuu, 

GtHTLBliail^ ' 

Aa it is an extraordinary inconsist- 
ency of principle, that Dissentera 
should resort to the establiihed church 
to procure Baptism for their children^ 
Bu^y for the purpose of benefitting 
by ite aecnlar consequences, I cannot 
help saapectiag that my Pamphlet on 
'^Diaaeatiag Kegiatecs," arast have 
nade some anfraaded impreseioas; 
sad that, because I would Impnga 
them in pwrt, they are thought to be 
iavalid aiti«tetiief. This was by ao 
neana my object. It is not, that they 
faraiah ao legal evidence, but that, 
fiem their irregularity and UBCOBibr^ 
ndty, they cannot be received by the 
onurta aa matters of coilraek In the 
absence of other testimony, of a hi|^er 
aatnrey Ihey are a^eeasaiily let in, to 
aid in proving the Ihet they record ; 
hat they are taken with seme allow- 
anoea^ and the eiieamstaaeeay under 
whiah tiMy are ttada, mvat be iaqnired 
into* 

Even Dr. Williama^a Regfater, which 
is a copy of an original doeoment, is of 
value ; btcaaae^ if made previously to 
the diapute, it furnishes subsidiary 
evidence, auob, for iaataace, aa corro- 
borating the statement made by a 
member of a family, or the entry in a 
Faniily Bible : bat, ataadiag akme, un- 
supported by other testimoDy^ the Re- 



gister is not enough to satisfy a Court 
of the truth of tlie circumstance ia 
mentions. 

In the absence, therelbre, of better 
Regiaters, the present ought to be cob« 
tinned. They are infinitely better thas 
none at all : and ao Dissenter, for the 
want of them, is driven to such an in- 
oonaiatency aa to reject the BaptJan 
of the Church of England as a religi- 
oua ordinance, and yet adopt it aa a 
sectklar onOb In Marriage there is but 
Hobsoa's choice ; and it is hoped, that 
the Legialature vrill, ere long, relieve 
scrupuloua consciences from thia di« 
lemma. 

My object in submitting to tiie con* 
sideration uf Dissenters the pamphlet 
you have referred to, is to induce then 
to make an effort to raise tlie credit of 
their Registers in the Courts of Law^ 
and thua to secure their property upon 
the clearest evidence. 

I am afraid seme ialse notions may 
have been created by the advertise- 
ment of the Pamphlet on the covers of 
your Magazine : but, aa its meaning la 
altogether obscure, I will not attempt 
to explain it, leat it should be thought 
that the Autiior is responsible for tbe 
acts of his publisher. 

J« £• B« 

Oxford Ciradiy March 6, 1824. 



A Liit of the CommitUe of Dnpties 
t^ointed to protect the CtrtI JUghta 
of the Three DenommaHoue tf PrO'> 
UutaiU Dieeemersjor the Year 1634. 

William Smith, M.P. CJkarrmim. 
Joaeph Gutteridge, Esq. Deputy Chair* 

mail, Camberwell. 
Jamea Colliaa, Treaewter, Spital' 

square. 



S. Favell, Esq. 
J* Addington, Esq. 
Wm. Burls, Esq. 
W. A. Hankey,Esq. 
J.T. Rutt,£sq. 
Wm. Hale, Esq. 
E.Busk, Esq. 
Wm. Esdaile, Esq. 
J. Esdaile, Esq. 
Thomas Stiff, Esq. 
James Gib8dil,£aq. 



John Wflka, Esq. 
Wm.OillmanyEsq. 
R. H. Marten, Eaq. 
John Bentley, Ksq. 
J. Bunnell, Esq. 
J. Christie, Esq. 
Samuel GaJe, Esq. 
E. Taylor, £sq» 
T. Wilson. Esq. 
John Corddl, Esq, 



SETTLEMENT OF A MINISTER. 

Se?t. 17, 1823, Mr. N. T. Burnett, 
late of Street, near Glastonbury, 
Somersetshire, was set apart to the 
pastoral oflSce over the Baptist Church 
at LOCKEiiLY, Hants. Mr. Yar- 
noldofRomsey began the service by 
reading the Third Chapter of St. PauFa 
First Epistle to Timothy, and prayer ; 



m 



CALENDAR. 



Mr. Clare of Downton gare a descrip- 
tion of a gospel charch ; Mr. Rosjiell 
of Broushton addressed the minister 
firoin the First Epistle to Timothy iv. 
16; Mr. I>raper of Soathampton 
preachf^ from the ISSid Psalm; and 
Mr. Mitchell concluded bj prayer. 

The cause of Christ at Lockeriy has, | 
for many years, been in a very low and 
declining state; bnt we sincerely 
tiust that the tine to faTOiur this part 
of Zion is come. It is tmly pleasing 
to see, that from a few individnals, 
who ased to attend the preaching of 
the word, that now the chapel is so 
completely thronged, that accommoda- 
tion can hardly be foond for the 
hearers ; and, adtded to this, what must 
please every one who wishes well to im- 
mortal souls, there seems to be a great 
cry after the salvation of Jesos. May 
it continue till the whole neighbour- 
hood is filled with praying souls ! 

New MeeHng-House opened. 

The new Baptist Meeting-house in 
Botolph-street, NORWICH, built by 
the friends of Mr. Gibbs, was opened 
for public worship on the 18th of De- 
cember, 1823. Mr. Griffin of London, 
and Mr. Cox of Hackney, preached on 
the occasion. 



WALTHAM ABBEY, February 11. 
— Mr. C. T. Keen was ordained over 
the Baptist Church in this place. Mr. 
Braune, of Loughton, commenced the 
service by reading and prayer; Mr. 
Pritchard delivered the introductory 
discourse, and. asked the usual ques- 
tions ; Mr. Ivimey offered up the ordi- 
nation prayer; Br. Newman addressed 
the pastor from 1 Pet. v. 2, 3, 4; Mr. 
Upton addressed the church from Rom* 
XV. 5, 6f 7; and Mr. Shenston con- 



clnded. The whole service was seri- 
ous and interestiDg, the congregation 
was numerous and attentive, and the 
prospects of asefulness are very en- 
couraging. Mr. Smith, of Olford, 
preached in the evening. At the public 
dinner, the three children of the late 
pastor, (Mr. Eveleigh,) now become 
orphans, by the recent deaUi of their 
mother, were benevolently considered ; 
some generous contributions were im- 
mediately made, and plans for future 
assistance were kindly sn^^gested.* 

The Anniversary of the BEDFORD- 
SHIRE AUXILIARY MISSION 
SOCIETY wiUbe held at Dunstable on 
Thursday,. April 8, 1824; when the 
Rev. T. Edmonds of Cambridge is to 
preach in the morning ; and the Rev. 
Rowland Hill in the evening. 

— — — . .1^^ 

On Wednesday, April the 7th, a 
sermon will be preached on behalf of 
the Sedstyfor the Reliefs ike Neees- 
sitouM Widows and Chitdreu of Pro* 
testant Dissenting Miniatera; at the 
Old Jewry Chapel, removed to Jewin^ 
street, in Aldersgate'Street ; by the 
Rev. Thomas Binney. Service to begin 
at Twelve o*Clock. 



The Annual Meeting of the HERTS 
UNION, will be held at St. Alban's, 
on Wednesday, the 14th of April, 1824« 
The Itev. Joseph Hughes, AM. of 
Battersea, is engaged to preach. 



* Mr. Keen gratefuUy acknow- 
ledges the receipt of one potmd, ftom 
an anonymous friend, for these orphan 
children. Any donations for this af- 
flicted family will be received by the 
Rev. Mr. Keen, or the Rev* 
Mr. Pritchard, Xhornhangh-street, 
London. 



CalenDac fdr 9lptil. 



2 ^loon passes Saturn VIII. 42 af- 
ternoon. XI. 29 aft. behind the 
dark part of the Moon. 

fjl^ 5 Occultation of Jupiter by the 
Moon. He will immerge, and 
emerge 22 nrimites after midnight. 
The 4th Satellite will- immerge 
XI. 18; the 3d XI. 21 ; the Ist 
XI. 28 ; Jupiter XI. 29 ; the 2d 
XI. 84. 
7. Ceres south III. 34 aft. Altitude 
62«>. 14'. 

11. Moon passes Mars IX. aft. 



12. Herschel south V. 46 mom. Alti* 
tude 16©. 34'. 

12. Sun (as to longitude) between the 
Earth and Mercury XI. morn. 

13. FuU Moon lU. 47 afU Too far 
south to pass through the Earth's 
shadow. 

IS. Elaster Sunday. 

27. Moon passes Venus II. 80 mom. 

29. New Moon IV. 25 mom. Too far 
north to cast her shadow on the 
Earth., 

3(1. Moon passes Saturn IX. 15 morn. 

30. Moon passes Mercury IV. aft. 



fitejb CJbronteU. 



Fnmn Iritk BJMtitr It tht An. Wm, 
Tkmmu. 

Nov. 6, laat. 

Th Lord nan meaii to Mcompliih 
Ui own pitTpoMe, glory be to bia holy 
une, In bringing dark and hiddcD 
lUogt to light. It wu by reading the 
KilptarM, and hMring yoar eipod- 
lioDorilaBBiiaiU. &C.&0. wilUothe 
lut twdreBoalhs, that I first mw 
Ihc iMOBsUteocnr of the doctrine* of 
the Chnrah of ftoaw. I aMure yon 
tLtt I ua day and night reading, and 
■iplalniag (few •etiptnre*, in Iri^, and 
in EagUaB.to rich and to poor, Ixrth at 
kmaandabroadjMirianMwayaendea- 
Tduring to excite aseog all partiet, 
rulu, and agoa, a general deiin br the 
ilody of the acriptnTse, irtiich are able 
to make them iriae unto atlvation, 
tluough fhith which is in Chriit Jcidb: 
(brail icriptnre is givea by inipiratloD 
of God, and is profitable fordoclrine, 
for reproof, for correctian, forlnBtroc- 
tkn in righteonnesB, tliat the man of 
Ood may be perfect, and thoroughly 
hmialMd nnto all good worici. O 
that llw Lord wonU make me the 
iattrwOMiit ot bHaging Many to the 
knowledge of theplalB, Mwaed,and 
Hving goepel of onr Lord Jeans Chmt, 
that Wecioiu goapel which Christ, 
Hr Great Jtid^, has glren ne to be 
• light to OUT feet, and to lead db 
Hfeiy away from all the fooliih and 
dugeroBB iuTentioni offUlihle man, 
lUo the peacefnl path* of eternal lifei 
Pny, Sir, that I nay be kept from BID, 
ud made nsefnl. 



to be with Buch u amx beard the 
gOBpel, and, so (kr as is in niy power, 
to strengthen tlie weak. 

Figure to yourself the slate of llii* 
country twenty years ago, when Dot 
a papist, that I knew, knew what the 
word scriptures meant or slgniBed at 
all, Bnt now, there Is scarce a house 
that the nan of the honse, if be can 
read, has not a BiUe, or tiii eUldren 
reading for their parent*. 



7%t tm/Mmeing art ExtraetttifLtUert 
frtm Mr, BrUent, late al LfnH, »*«. 
hat betn riqutttti la elsjf (Ac Chvrck 
at Cork. 

Ctifk, Jan. 16, 18H. 



My n 



R Si I, 



have the pleasure of infonuing 
you, that, through a kind Pmvideace, 
I have, at length, reached the place of 
my destination, after a rough and 
tfilious pasaa^. We left Bristol on 
th» 13th of December last, and did 
not arrive in Cork until last Tuesday ' 
week, having been detained eighteen 
daysatMin^ead, BndMilford Haven, 
by contrarj winds. 'Ihis, I am sorry 



Rev. Bia, 

I have to send this journal sooner 
ttisn I experted, as there are two 
prcailD^ calls for me In other plaeei, 
'ndllwUl be some time beforelretnra. 
t cunot say much of my own exertions 
■lice my last, as I have been afflicted 
■rith a severe cold, and for some time 
MnSned, and, when I vras not, T wai 
nigaged with such as knew the truth, 
but would not part with me until I 
"u perfectly recovered. This delay 
*M, in a great degree, against my 
MJatiun ; as it is my heart's desire 



my travellilig expenses. When a 
sel Is obliged to put into harbour, on 
acGountofbad weather, the passengera 
are obliged to find tbenuelves with 
board and lodging on shore, nnd, being 
a stranger, I nag compelled to take up 
my quarters at an inn, where the most 
is always made of persons in such 
clrcum glances. 

My present imperfect acquaintance 
with the stale of the church in this 
city, will hardly warrant the expres- 
sion of an opinion on the subject. 
There Is a great deal to be done in the 
midst of a great many difficulties, bnt 
the promise in the last verse of the 
gospel by Matthew, will carry u* 
through them all. I am fearful, there 
is a great deficiency as to personal 
religion among profeiiurs at Cork; at 
any rate, there U a great deal of 
coldness and deadness, which is truly 
distressing. I do not, however, mean 
to say, that this is the case with pro- 
fesBors of enr own denomination, more 



174 



■ kIBH CHKONtCLK. 



thu othsn. How«TFT, we muit pray, 
and hope, that the flol; Spliit will 
shad abroad ■baDdantlj', Ua tmw of 
Christ in oar hearti, " and tliA'WtU 
kindle outs." 

I will thank you, when yon have 
an opportunity, to remember ne affec' 
tioiiBtely to Dr. Newmaa. 

lam, dear Sir, yonn tmly, 

Jonn Paol BarMOB, 



Cork, PtbnMr$ M, 1894. 
Hv BCUSU, 

It 1( the day of imaU tUflge with 
0* at Cork, bnt I do think there u a 
fro^mit of inoceit, and thai, noder a 
dirips bleuinf upon onr endeavoiirt, 
a church of our denominatioB might 
be establiihed here. In the accom- 

SUibmeDt of thit, however, there will 
e pany ditScnlUet to tonnoant, and 
the itTugB'e nuut be rifcorotuly main- 
tained, bat hith and prayer will do a 
great deal. The pewle wiah me to 
•ay, that I will condnoe with them 
lor twelve monUie, which I tM dle- 
poeedtodo. 

I un, year* tr«iy, 
John Padl Bbucob, 



From <kr B«. S. Dacii, to tkt Swrf. 

foriWgdKcd 
CbaMl, Feiniari M, iSU. 
Mr neaa SiM, 

TaaoDCH the Divine goodneu, I 
reached ^i>, in good health, the Sid 
ioatant, after aa abMBce of wie hun- 
dred and six daji, and (raielliDx np- 
waidi of one Ihouaand four buailied 
milea by land and water, and fbuod 
my dear family and MendB Keneralty 
in good hBBlUi« thanks to thegraciooi 
Preeerverof men. 

Onr new Meeting and Scbopl-home 
ii roofed, and will, I liope, be ready 
for nae la about three raontha ; O that 
motiT may be trained ki them for the 
Lord, by iu» own Holy Sfdnt, suc- 
ceeding uar feeble efforta to bU glory. 
The pUoe where we nied to meet, 
has been given up daring tof absenre, 
therefiire, the Jittle cbnrdi tsEenblel, 
far the fseaait, in my dweUing-boQse. 
I prcaiJted there the aeoond eraning 
aiter lay retnrn, and twice on the 
Unrd'a^y, and we J>ad a happy 
n««tiBg -ta commemonte the dying 
love of ths Eedeemer. 

On tbe Uth, J iweal ta Thndea, and 
(Mbadtfaree pleuaAl MivimiAo the 



*1iath, beside* the Lot4*s aupper; 
It Bilj attended the cTcning lec- 
, wUGh'ia ijwajs the best con- 
;atiM:' "nie nest day, I went lu 
Hills, and inspected the ichool, 
preached at Hu osnal place, and 
inistered the Lord's sapper in the 
dng. I took Peter Cole tiy anx- 
e, but I foand him at his post, 
1 60 children, lis are upon hia list. 
ve no doabt that several hundred* 
1 received good inetmotion is that' 
«1 ia the sevMi year* tiiat It hM 
1 eetabUshed, and 1 ha»a kad the 
aare, on varioos occaelanB, to le- 
ithe oUdiaa fbrthilrdiligcMete 
■lag tte Holy Seriptaraa, wUefa 
, t trait, be besugU U the nmem- 
ic« ot, at least, eonaatUMta by the 
r Spirit in d«}« 1« er ' 



kc ai^pewedeatieSed, beeuse Ike 
»dBetki« of my Catecblsan ■we^d 
ijurime ta -the attendance ef the 
lan Cathalio ^iMimi, wkowgeed 
are particotarly anxiona to ]>r»> 
■ ; bat ha baa recently agreed witk 
latar, who keepa s ariiool abenta 

from C , to obtalB tor Um a 

ly alipend, to leaok the Ohordi Oa- 
Ina ; and be has gone round to<ke 
'nta, to daiire tbat iuok aa caald 
I miglit be sent to bis scbool, wbkh 
been done aeootdiagly iM auay in- 



»! a 



« the i 



takea alarm, asd « 
her master to take Ae^'GathaUe 
bcB, and touch tbem Ik* RmsMi 
'era. Tfaia is a aatmVl caaaeqoeae* 
te ole^ymaa'staprndent acal, aad 
Id not, ia all probability, have ne- 
ed, if be eculd kave beea ooataat 
I onr plan, to teach the scfiptaras 

; but he is a young bMb, and, I 
I no doubt, wiAes to do good to 
leat of bis knowladge. T 
' our schools cannot 
l^d as being seotaiian, 'a 
sregietwhenlseaaay meeanreft 

spiiit prevailing: InU gsat it 

k, aad it must prevail. 

had intended ta leane the Hill* 

neat day, bait it snowed au 
ily in Ikenigbt, that it «ta« im- 
9>IetD Inwcltbrongh tbe ttnibls 
a in 4be*e pert* ; tkercIfiBe [ atafed 

preached again in the cvnniiig ta 
ttwwkoliveia tbe iBHnediateii' 
Tofoar veDerabledeacan'abeiBe 



IRISH CHRONICLE* 



175 



Fr#M tk0 Mln. Mr. WU$»m, 

Btfky Fth. 10, 1884. 

fo the Secretaries uf the Baptist trish 
Society, 

Since ny UuH I havft pifsehed ai 
iieqiieiilly as I could ia this towa^ and 
in Ballymote, Caniek, Balliaacarrow^ 
Collooney, and Balliaa. I axperienced 
great pleaama in viaiiiag my old 
friends in the last aMntioaed place; 
bnt, gratUyiBi^ as this was to my feel- 
lags, I dcrivied still greater pleasare in 
witnessing tke veiy great attentioa 
Hiat is evinced . to . the preachiag of 
Brother M^Kaag; ha has dwected tiie 
aktfltttioA of the peofile to the sabjeeto 
of diferenoe between the Protestants 
and ftoMan CatheUoSy andf in exposing 
theenrovs of the UHer, it islwped that 
•a extensive apiiat of in^niry has been 
fxcited; I preached there on the 
erening of yesteidaj''Weekf to at least 
two hundred persons; and learnt that, 
•n the- preceding Sabbath«eveniag. 
there were aet tesa than fimr hnndred 
yreeant4 If fidth eometh by hearing, 
there is encourageaiient to expect that 
food will be done by so maay penens 
being brought under the sound of the 
gospel. Sneli large eongregatioaa are 
not to be obtained in any part of my 
district at preeenk^ but I am liappy as 
aay^ that in general we are well at- 
tended, and that the lieareni are al* 
ways very attentive; this has been 
psMdiarly thecaae in thia town lately, 
wlme I havA delivered a coarse of 
•ermone, est every second Sabbath, on 
the person and work of the Lord Jesus 
Gfattst. O that he may become pre- 
pams to the aeula of maay who have 
tkuf heard «if kim I 

- Vonra affectionatdy, 

L WiLsefi, 



■^. 



m oa iriak Reader <e the Rev, Mr. 
1 IFitooii. 

CoUo&ney, Feb, 20, 1824. 

IRever&icd Sir, 

As vaonl, I send yon another 
naaikhly neconnt of my feeble laheers 
hi the service ^ef the Sooicrty ; and, as 
aly humble 4uty confines me to the 
cottages of 4he peer, I Imve read and 
ex|daioad the scriptures for Mary Dor- 
raa^ a poor old woman, who resided 
near the church of CoUooney, who lay 
at the point of death, and never was 
seen at ^urch or meeting, though 
having the name of a Protestant. I 
asked her. Would she send for the 
priest, as William Catroll did ; or had 



she any better hope? She toM me that 
she always had it on her mind to sand 
for both priest and miniater; that, if 
one £iiled, she might depend on ^ 
other. I toklher I would shew her, 
fsam the wpid of- God,* "Mife excel- 
lent way tbaa either ; and a way that 
she nught, with fall confidence, depend 
on. Accordingly I explained to her 
how the justice of (^od claimed satis- 
faction for sin, and how that satisfac* 
tion was given ; and how justice and 
mercy nyoioed togetiier, la the salva- 
tien of the sinner, by our Saviour; aa 
the Iamb of God taking avray sin by 
the saerifioe of himself, and tnriiigiaff ia 
an everlasting lighteensness ; andao> 
becoming the end of the law for 
righteousness to every one that be« 
lieveth. I also exhorted hef not to be 
deceived by the votaries of error, who 
would endeavour to call her attention 
to any qnaHficatioh in them, or in her- 
self, as a ground of hope ; and that 
the door of acceptance is closed Against 
any claim, but tliat which satisfied 
Divine Justice; and that the glad 
tidings of great joy reveals the ri^ile- 
ousness of God as the only ground of 
the sinUer's justification ; that they 
who believe shall be saved, and they 
who believe not shall be damned. She 
Hstened to these remarks, and to the 
portions of scriptures I read Anr^eri 
with great eagerness and attention, 
and took every opportunity afterwards 
of sending for me to remind her of 
these trums, which I endeavoured to 
impress on her mind. The evening dT 
her departure from this life, after I 
read for her for some time, I asked 
what hope she had ;>*^' I see dearly,^ 
said she, ** the danger and vanity of 
depending on myself, who am sinful 
and helpless, (or on any other crea- 
ture,) (br salvation ; wlierefore I cast 
myself on the Saviour, as my hope, my 
priest, and my all : he atoned fiar my 
sins.*' She seemed <Tuite rained in 
repeating these words, and sunk to 
breathe no more. 

I have established Meetings for 
vending the scriptures, in several parts 
of the country, which are regularly at- 
tended, and have proved a blessing to 
many, wholiave long sat in darkness, 
and in the shadow simI region of deaith. 
One instance of the happy efiects re- 
sulting from these Meetings is the con- 
version of two, once very wicked, cha- 
racters, G. M. £. and young A. who 
heretofore could spend the Sabbath in 
rioting, drunkenness, and other wicked 
practices; but now they delight in 
reading and hearing the precious 



176 IBI8H CMKONICLB. 

tnilhs of the Oofpel, and contsnd lor Sdw rttthed bf Ike Trtomrrer *« u. 

Aatfomi of doctrine once deliTcnd to cMcnl rf fhtlritk 0ecuty,tiiiet Iht 

the Mints. Thu Ac eflbrU of the Cknitm—QtMrUr,aiUbrforeackH)rw- 

BaptiM Society an onnrnad with aoe- Itdgtd. 

ecH, ereo in the chanp which i* e>i- £ (. if . 

denUjr seen in the conduct of Maa; lter.J.Chin,VBlwoitb,(t«- 

Mher indiiidaal*, who rakd and hear wanU the Debt) fi 

Oe Msriptoret explaiBed with great Bvr. Bobt Mor^ Craig, 

■Rifit; towbMD, if thoaboveSodeIr N.B. fbr Schooli BOO 

had not aeot books and men to initnict Do. Do.fbr general Purpoiei 2 

them, in all probabllllr Ottj would Fot the Rgt Sctmol, by Rev. 

have remained Ignorant; bat, by theie Hr.Smilh 10 

Means, the scriptarea are clicniated Hr. 0«M>Tge 8t«*eiiK, Lntoo . 1 i> D 

tn and wide, the Sanonr is scknow- A Friend, by Rev. J .Williams, 

lodged, bis Toice is heanJ, and the East Dereham 2 10 

dead arise. No obstacle can pr«Tent Hiasionarr Sodety at Rer, 

the lower ranks of society from the Mr.OiirteeB'a(Cuiterbgiy) BSD 

lanoTBting inBnence of his word, so Auxiliary Society, Potter's- 

tiwt we may conttdently look for an street,bf Rev. J. Bsin S fl 

abnodant harvest. Missloo Box byHis. Bain IS 6 

_. P. H<TO. Esq- LifUn, 

Extrtet ef m Utter fnm lb- Km. Mr. . „ .„ ^ ., ,_„■,,*'""**' I i n 

^z .. a. fc.. i»r. z™,. £4rsi:L'ssr,^-i;-. ' " " 

,.,,_. '„ '' _,!,' tiinffnorn 1 o • 

I shoold give ,oa some particular Henry Waid.Il, Ewj.asExe- 

^PT'^^y,^"*'^ ^ our schools in ^^^ „, the'lte^T. Brj- 

ttisdistnct, Oiesame couldnotbea «,„,|.teof the New R«d i 

bnrd^ or « task unto me, as thq, Qarti^uth Auiil. Society, 

B<^(witliafew«ception8)U.aU by Mr. Larwell, oiie-thi.il S f) 8 

directions, and for these esc^ns, Ma^'sPhilanthn^ic School 10 10 « 

we have reason to praise the Lord our f^^, 10 

^C The_ scourge of persecution U iim^oh'od,'i^'Mrt; Flight, 

neither desirable nor pleas^t in itself ; ji^^ Yoir 4 

but. as it U appointed Y the Lori, jihnDe^n.E^.Bi'riang'hi^ 2 S 

It must promote the welfare of the ■"'""•' '— h » 

church, as it is intended for the far- fi««c«J by Mr. I,nm». - 

dierance of tlie gospel, it will stir up „ _ , „ , 

every Christian to watchfiOnesa, WHl, Rer. O. Jsyne, Campden.. 1 IS 6 

and activity; SB it fires their sools Mr.Baylis, Poynders End. 2*0 

with a more noble sentiiDeDt, than the Rev. Mr. Stuart .... .. ■ 110 

•oundofbatUecancommnnicatetothe AFnend.byRev.Mr.U^ton S 

minds of the most chosen heroes. Rev.T.Bimonds.Cambndge too 

Something of this nature Is, at present, R"- Mr. Keeble 3 « 

fell in this town, which U occasioned Rev. Mr. Kilpm, Exeter .. . BOO 

l^ our Thursday-evening lectures, Auriliary, by Miss Wheeler 8 

which are professedly and directly 

against Popery. 

The place where we meet is sixty •_• The ladies belonging to the 

feet long, add fifteen broad, u repi- congregation in Lion-street, Wal- 

larly crowded : one hundred (at least) worth, liave kindly sent, for the use (rf 

of our hearers are Roman Catholics, their school in Ireland, a parcal cm- 

many of whom are constant attend- tainiug various articles tor rewards. 



«77 



^t00tonarp ^tx^Xb. 



BAPTIST MISSION. 

JForeign SntellCgrme. 



CALCUTTA. 



From various ccMnmuiiicationt 
wbieh have reached us from this 
important sphere of Missionary 
labour, we shall make a few 
miscellaneous extracts. 



In noticing a series of inquiries 
respectiiig the Schocris under 
their care, our brethren make 
the following encouragiog state- 
ment:. 

Trb boys in the Bean^lee Schools 
hftYe a flcriptvral catechism, which 
those who are sttf&ciently advanced, 
are learning ; and as they pass tbnragh 
that, an explanation of the Parables 
ia qaestion and answer will be given 
them, which Mr. Pearson of Chin* 
sarah has preJMired, and which is 
liow printing. We have a smidi se- 
eeodary school in which Watts's Cate- 
chism is taught. The children of the 
Beneyolent Institution are catechised 
daily by the master, from the historical 
parts of the Old and New Testaments, 
very frequently from the Parables, and 
also from Watts's <}atechism. Tliis 
pari' of their education has been at- 
tended with great good to the children^ 
It has madfi them acquainted with the 
contents of the word of God in a very 
pleasing degree, and has also been at- 
tended with very promising effects upon 
the minds and conduct of the children. 
Some of these children hi^ve received 
impressions that have issued in their 

yoL^xvi. . 



conversion to Ood, and several from 
the school have publicly owned 
Christ by baptism, and hare become 
honourable members of society and 
the church. A number of the elder 
boys now in the schools, together with 
a few who have succeeded to different 
employments, keep up prayer-meet- 
ings among themselves, and make at- 
tempts at religious conference. A 
very pleasing instance of the good ef- 
fects, of catechetical and other religious 
instruction in this school, was wit- 
nessed very recently . A boy of eleven 
years of age, of creditable European 
parents, having attended about three 
years, was lately taken ill, and 
died of a fever. For a consider- 
able time before his illness he 
was very fond of his Bible, and evi- 
dently knew/sometiung of its saving 
qualities ^ ior' he would often talk to 
his fatherjrad mother about its con- 
tents, and frequently point them to 
passages and different incidents there 
recorded, which they were scarcely 
aware were to be found in the word 
of Ood at all. In his last illness he 
often spoke to his parents in a very 
affecting style about the salvation of 
their souls. To those brethren who 
visited him before his death, be gave 
the most unequivocal and pleasing 
evidence of a steady and well ground- 
ed hope in Christ. A perfect willing* 
ness to die, and persuasion that he 
was going to Jesus, expressed with 
entire coUectedness of mind, and witii 
much child-like simplicity, made Uie 
last moments of this little boy very 
interesting, and proved a great source 
of encouragement to the brother who 
has the eonduoting of the institution. 
A funeral sermon was preached for 
him at the Circular Road Chapel, 
on the morning of Lord's-day^ last, 
when a good number of the rising 
generation were present, -and many 
were puch affected under ^he sermon^ 



178 



MlSSlONAKy HERALD. 



Doorgapwe Station. 

Sept. 29, 1822. I spent the early 
part of the morning with Paunchoo, 
who shewed himself ready in season, 
and out of seasoa, by conversing with 
several indiviiuals as they passed by 
his door. To^ a native^ doctor, he 
spoke of Christ as the physician of 
souls — to a chokedar, (or watchman) 
he spoke of the omnipresence of God, 
and of the impossibility of escaping from 
his all-seeing eye — to a potter, he 
spoke of God as our Creator. Very 
Jfew passed without hearing something 
applicable to their situation or circum- 
stances. 

After breakfast we went tp the 
place of worship at Baranagore, acr 
cbmpanied by a serious young man 
(9. £uropean), who is one of our most 
attentive hearers in Calcutta ; and as 
he has a tolerable knowledge of the 
Bengalee and Hindostanee languages, 
he takes much delight in occasionally 
conversing with the natives. Our 
hearers were not so numerous as 
nsual ; we however, were much pleased 
with the attention of a B^ragee, who 
seemed lost in wonder while Paunchoo 
was preaching. At the close of the 
services, he hesitated whether he should 
follow us, but on looking round on his 
counti^men who had already begun 
to sneer at him, his heart failed, and 
)f€ went oif. *' Thtu cometh the wicked 
one, and catcheth away that which was 
3§wn in hia heart — This is he who re- 
tiived sted by the way side*- 

It is pleasing to state, that the work- 
men of the Hon. Company's Iron 
Works are relieved from labouring on 
the Sabbath. We cannot help rejoic- 
ing at this circumstance, as any ap- 
{learance of a Sabbath being observed 
in India, must above all things be 
encouraging to the desponding Mis- 
jBftonary ; every sign of the leaven oper- 
liting, gives fresh reason for hope. 

We spent the afternoon with a poor 
JPoirtuguese man, who had come from 
.Calcutta, a distance of about five 
miles, to visit Paunchoo, for the pur- 
|>08e of disclosing the state of his mind 
to him : he appears to have been ef- 
fectually wrought upon by hearing 
Paunchoo preach a few days ago. It 
•was indeed an interesting si^M,^ to 
see a Hindoo instructing one, Srho 
has always called himself a Chiistian. 
It was difficult to say, who shewed tlie 
most earnestneiis^ Paunchoo in speak- 
ing, or the pooir man in Usteniug. 

The old man cheerfully gave up his 
efoss which he had worn round his 



neck, and trusted in for many years, 
saying, he had no further use for it, 
since he had found the Saviour. 



Bjespectiog the individual last 
named, l«iit£er- notice is taken 
in the journal of the succeeding 
month. 

October, A poor old man of the 
Portuguese persuasion, passing by 
the place of worship, connected with 
the Doorgapore station, while Paun- 
choo, the native brother, was address- 
ing the natives,, stood for awhile to 
hear what was saying ; and continuing 
his attention until the servide was 
concluded, he made some further en- 
quiry, and seemed much affected with 
what he heard. Since that, he has 
been in the habit of attending the 
places of worship, and walks as far 
a^ Doorgapore twice a week, to hear 
the word of God and join in prayer. 
Sixty years and upwards, has this 
poor man lived in the world without 
the meet distant notion of what salva- 
tion is, or the faintest conceptioii of 
what true religion can mean, beyond 
the occasioi^al confessions to a Roipan 
Catholic priest, and the repeating a 
few forms to the Virgin Afary^ er 
some other saint! He seemed sur- 
prised to hear of salvation by faith in 
the death of Christ, and seems as 
though opening his eyes upon a new 
world. He is very ignorant, as might 
be supposed, but seems anxious to 
learn, and as a proof that ke is some- 
what in earnest, has began to learn 
the Bengalee Alphabet. May he 
prove to be sincere and persevering 
in seeking after truth ! When hearing 
of the love of Christ to sinners, he 
seems deeply affected, says be has 
begun to pray, and hopes he begins 
to see a littk, as he expresses it. 

He has two sons in Calcutta who 
labour for their living, and conduct 
themselves very affectionately towards 
the old man, telling him to seek his 
salvation, and that they wiU work 
and support him. Having been al- 
ways travelling in the service of dif- 
ferent people, he has had no opportu- 
nities of instruction, and his mind ig 
as completely unfurnished witii reli' 
gious ideas, as a child's of four years 
of age; and what is very rare, he 
seems to possess a very child-like 
dispo^tion. . * ^ 

The last journey he ever took, was 
from one of the highest stafionft in 



MISSIONAKY HBKALD. 



KS 



Hm Company's dommions, ivhither he 
had gone in the service of a gentleman 
u his cook, and he had not reached 
Calcutta more than a fortnight before 
( he heard the gospel. 

Beside the above, we have had no 
inquirer, at the station this month. 

On Thursday, the 24th, I went to 
Mayapoor in company with brother 
Pearce, who recovering from a recent 
attack of bilious fever, it was sup- 
posed he might be in some measure 
benefited by the trip. This place lies 
about half way between Calcutta and 
Diamond Harbour, where all ships 
upon their proceeding up the river de- 
posit their gunpowder. We expected 
to have found more people, and in this 
particular were disappointed; and 
what few there were could hardly be 
approached, had we been able to go 
abouty owing to the late heavy rains 
having left the whole country around 
almost inaccessible. Kassee, the na- 
tive Christian, went on Saturday 
morning to Willerbury, a large mar- 
ket town opposite the river, and re- 
ported jupon his return that the people 
were very attentive to what he ad- 
vanced. This place will well answer 
upon a future occasion, when the 
country is dry, as our place of resi- 
dence, while we daily visit the oppo- 
site side to preach and distribute 
tracts. The person at whose house 
we were hospitably entertained, has 
been upwards of forty years in the 
country, and has lately begun to«think, 
We trust, in earnest about his eternal 
welfkre. As he frequently comes up 
to town and regularly attends our cha- 
pel, notice will in due time be taken 
of him in the account of the English 
department. 



The following remarks, under 
date of January 25, deserve at- 
teotioa : 

An eclipse of the moon being to- 
night, Paunchoo collected, he says, 
but very few people to hear the word 
at Baranagdre. All was bustle in pre- 
paring for shastras, &c. as more than 
common merit attends what is done in 
a way of holiness, such as feeding and 
feeing the Brahmans, &c. One person 
came by the place of worship and re- 
marked : Why do you stand here to 
hear these people? What have they 
got by worshipping Christ ? Nothing, 
but that they, eat cow's flesh. You 
See they are jiist like us. They have 
'neither of them obtained four hands 



i 



yet. The natives have no idea of be«- 
lieving us, they often frankly confess^ 
unless we can do some strange thinf^^ 
such as multiplying limbs, or some 
such monstrous things To weigh tb^ 
evidence of truth, or appreciate the 
force of miracles already wrou^t in 
authentication of truth, are things, of 
which they seem quite ignorant. Ye( 
it may again seem strange, that they 
constantly appeal to the pretended 
miracles of their own gods, as tubstan* 
tiating claims to belief. And any out- 
of-the-way thing is to be believed, if to 
prove it some monstrous thing is affirm* 
ed to have been achieved, though in 
the way of adultery and murder. They 
appear to err in supposing that mink* 
cles arc as indispensable in propagat- 
ing a system of religion, as in insti- 
tuting it at first. The professed mira- 
cles upon which Hindooism is built, 
they allege to be quite aufficient, in 
concurrence with tradition, to justify 
their belief, and will go .so far as to 
allow that the miracles we profess 
to have been wrought 6y the Saviour 
and his apostles are adequate to jus- 
tify our belief, considering our fore- 
fathers have believed these things be- 
fore us. But there remains this dif- 
ference, — we are propagators as well 
as believers ; they contend that those 
who propagate a religion, with a view 
of proselyting, are wanting in the cre- 
dentials of their office, and conse- 
quently deserve to fail, if they cannot 
work miracles afresh. Another circum- 
stance we frequently have to remark is^ 
that they are quite at a loss in under- 
standing what is fit evidence of morul 
and saving truth. If a thing is but 
wonderful, they seem not to conceive 
that any thing else is required. To us 
it seems admirably ordered, that a dis- 
pensation of holiness should be es- 
tablished by such miracles as tended 
most to illustrate the holiness of Ood i 
that an economy of saving mercy 
should be established by works of 
mercy : and we are able to perceive an 
inexpressible beauty and benignity in 
the gospel, which exhibits to us a Sa- 
viour, proving himself to be ' able to 
save us to the uttermost,* by the i>ower 
he so often displayed in doing good. 
And thus, his opening the eyes of .the 
blind, unstopping the ears of the deaf, 
strengthening the decrepid, healing 
the sick, and raising the dead, ufibrd 
very powerful inducements why the 
poor and miserable and blind and na- 
ked should cheerfully refer their im- 
mortal concerns into his hands. But 
we speak of all these things amongst 



HK) 



MISSIONARY- HIRALI*. 



tbosa to whom It ku doTolred upon 
ns to m&ke them known j but they 
hare no nrt ta Ktar. I naed to wonder 
at the fr«queiiC7 of oar Lord's repeat- 
ing tbeia wordj. Bat the JeWs and 
BeogoleeB, PhariEeei and BrahmanB, 
were Ter; much alike; and we nend 
out; adTert to oar own eiperience to 
be well coavinced of this truth. ' The 
nstnral man (no matter of what na- 
tion,) receiveth not the things of the 
Spirit of Ood : neither can he know 
them, because thej are Bpiritnally dis- 
cerned.' When the Holy Spirit takes 
of the things of Christ, and shews 
them to men, then the ejes of the blind 
begin to see, and the ears uf the deaf 
■re unstopped." 



Htntken Noiian of Pra^tr. 
" An old woman passing b; the 
place of worship nhila Pannchoo was 
in prayer, cried out to them all tocome 
away, and not to remain there, for in 
onr prayer there was an tHckantment. 
1 hare ofUn remarked, that howsver 
the people may have conducted Ihem- 
seWes during preaching, they ate gene- 
rally attentiTe at prayer time ; and I 
remember dear Brother Chamberlain 
years ago observing the Bame ihing." 



Remarla by Faufichna. 

' " The Brahman Bagengee, aftei 
prayer wa# orer this eveniaK, making 
some remarks on that chapter in Luke, 
where the Lord delivers the lalenti 
to his servants, and not getting throagli 
very readily, Paunchou observed, tht 
loeaning of it was to teach faithfulneii 
in our Lord's service ; sitting a miuuK 
or two longer, he added, ' We are twrj 
idle. Our Lord used to pray whoti 
nights — ne with difficulty pray ar 
luHir — ne should pray more,' Truly 
if great things in the healing of bodil] 
distempers were not to be expecte< 
without prayer and fasting, what cat 
w* reasonably look for in the way o 
conversions, among such a people as i 
falls to our lot to labour among, with 
out an increased spirit of faith ant 



Amttdotto/ Gomesh and Bagtitgrf. 

" I was much pleasL'd upon lb 
whole with an anecdote I heanl to-da 
from Paunchoo, when he, Bagengee 
Kassce, and myself, were at Bar^o 



gora. The poor old msa Gonesb, «t- 
tn alluded to in our Journals of late, 
'ho li»ed in ignorance seventy-GTS 
ears, Bndi, as might be expected, 
ame difficulty in eipressing Mmself is 
rayer. Pannchoo has worship with 
lomesh, Bagengee, and a.yonng lad 
elated to him, at his own house, and 
ach engages in his turn. Poor old 
Jomesh was one day expressing him- 
elf in prayer with great simplicity, 
,nd perhaps made use of very homely 
ipressions. The Brahman and the 
ouDg lad burst out laughing. Prayer 
leiBg over, Paunchoo reproved theni 
brtheirimpToperconduct. Hey, upon 
eflection, fell very sorry Ui at they had 
tone so : the Brahman fell at the poor 
>id man's feet, and begged his forgire- 
ipsa. But in a few days afterwards 
he Brahman being with Brother 
h'atea, attempted to conclude the ser- 
'ice in prayer, and was almost silent 
>efoie the people. He says he felt 
lim self reproved for his pride in laugh- 
ng at Ghimesh. What struck toe in 
he incident was, the cliange that must 
lave taken place in his mind. For a 
iroud Jirahman, who, somn Kttle time 
lefore, would have Ibouglit himself 
lumbled Co have spoken to a poor 
lespised FeriDKee,as these peapleare 
^allrd, to seek pardon at his feel, was 
1 matter which required no smaU 
;hange to brin^ about. ' 



Tfteir Rectptiuti into tkt CAtrcA. 

" Our ciiurch-meeting the other day 

was very interesting. Both Bagenges 

and Gomesh gave in their experience, 
and were recfiived. Gumesb, in a very 
artless manner, told us the way h« 
lirstcame to hear the word of God— r 
how ignorant he formerly had been, — 
how he had gone on, an^ what had 
been his I'eeliags since he had received 
the gospel, "llie tears flowed down 
liie cheeks while speaking of Christ'; 
' but 1,' he says, ' wliat can I, with my 
sinful mouth, say about /iim? Bui I 
think (says he,) I have fuund umt,- 
tftiitg'—I tliink I have. What more can 
I utter?' 

■' Bagengee h^ not a »ery rea^ 
uilerance, but in giving %n his expe- 
rience seemed less able to expresalun- 
self than usually is the case. . Asking 
liim something about tuimitilg, und 
uthcrthingsconnectcdwilh his change, 
he npiied, ' It wasnot very easy lora 
fat, lit proud. Brahman to go through 
thcf^eofu nttdle.' He found it difli- 
cult, he said, tff say much as to ,whal 



MltSlOIfXtT niKAi*. 



CUTWA. 



iB'Kadlng the scriptaru, that Chii>t 
UnMclfaiioke ofhinMlfniore often u 
the Sod of mm, than u the Sod of 
God. Bj which fae thousbt an eiunple 
of humility WBi leltasj and bowthen 
was it pofsible for the disriples uf 
Christ to speak of themMlres too 
neaolfl The way in which theae 
IhiDKa were spoken gave them veiy 
coDsiderable interest at the time. I 
trust tlie7 may both cmtiDue faithfni." 



Inlermptiaiu in Werihip. 

Ftb. 91. — " We Iiad very good at- 
tendance at the ^ee of wonbip this 
moniiDg ; fortj or Eft; persons, most 
ornhum were seated on the floor at 
•Bce ; some Ter; atteotiTe, and heard 
a great deal. Much annoyed by an 
impudent bo J, who thoof^h not more 
thaa tan years of age, was quite suffi- 
cientlDthe hands of tike devllto make 
nefeel as- 1 ought not, and to disturb 
'Ihewhole of the people. Advanced a 
step or two further. In endeavouring to 
brinp: hone conviction of sin to the 
niDd, when ne were stopped short, and 
karasspd with — ' Well, jon speak 
HboDtsio and holiness;— what is the 
diSerence between thpmf — ' Sin, the 
Iraasgression of God's law — and that 
ve were all transgiessorswas evident, 
Hnd therefore it became ns to. seek sal- 
vdtiaB.' — ' Well ; hot who Is the cause 
of sin?' Sfitrionary. ' Who da yon 
think ?' Beng. ' Ood, to be sure ; who 
else? There is neither good or evil, 
batwhathedoeilt. Who am I ? I 



conceivable levity. If we were no) 
budened in a very CDnaiderable de- 
gree onrseUas, by tbe freqnent re- 
carrence of these horrid blasphemies, 
they would be hardly bearable. These, 
and man; flth'r etpressions we an 
daily in the habit of hearing, aro among 
the Sard tpetchti which ungodly sin, 
nera utter inthiapartof the worid, and 
fur which tbe Lord nay be expected 
to take vengeance when he shall comt 
with ten thousand of bis saints. Oh 
tl«t "we xriin speak In the name oi 
Christ to this ttntincant gauratUm. 
nay be then cltar front their bhod!" 



iNTRLLtOBNCB from this ■!»- 
ion, of a very recent <l»le, fallj 
:oBfiriiis tbe farounible intima- 
ion respecting il^ cantBiiicd in 
he letter of Dr. Carey, pttblisUed 
n our last Number. 

Since I wrote last (saysMr. W.Carey, 
inderdateof Sept.Tthtaat,)lBmhappy 
say that we have late^ had a stir 
imongit the people around ; but what 
twill come to is hard to know. Lately 
lorae respectable women catled Bro- 
[her Kangalee's wife, and begged her 
lo instruct (hem in the ways of truth, 
laying, that through fear, they could 
not attend our public preaching, but 
[hat they had often done it by stealth, 
prelendiDg lo be going about soma 
jther job. Tliese women are related 
lo people who are respectable in Irth, 
ind they are afraid openly to decisis 
their sentiments, lest they should be 
outcasts at once. At a place not f^ 
fVom Cutwa, catted Dewangunge, our 
native friends were, one warm day, 
seeking a cool place to stand and 
preach the everlaiting word ; lint 1)e< 
ing very thirsty, they asked a pemht 
who wag standing in the street near 
his bonse for a drink of water. Tbia 
poor man had often heard the word, 
and had also taken tracts to read ; but 
his mother, an old woman, would not 
allow him to rend such things in Um 
house, and was mucK against his hear- 
ing the word; but when he took our 
fHends in to gHe them a drink of wa- 
ter, she was present. The brethren, 
sat down and talked alMHit the con- 
tents of the tracts, and about the way 
ofllfe: tills old woman heard for soms 
time, and then said that she did not 
know that it was snch good news. It 
is hoped that she will now admit tba 
word to herlioQBe, and not be ugainrt 
her son's reading the word oflife. 

On the 13th of April, Brother 8at< 
toTt,<whD had come on a Tislt,'With the 
native friends and myself, went to a 
large fair at Augerdeep, where wB 
preaehed to thousands and thousands 
nearly the whole day, and gave away 
agreatmanybooks. We were obliged 
to check their eagerness in taking 
them, as great numbers were thus de- 
stroyed; <) that some good may be 
done by the seed then scattered ! It 
seems U} ne that these immense fairs 
aro much tsmaller than (hey uged tn 
b« ; I also think that the people anj 



TO2 



M*S«iONARr RERALiy/ 



getting wiser. <ay by -ilay, and that 
many keep away, because they are 
convinced of the folly of such things. 
3?be river has also, in the last iiv^ or 
fix years, wasted away the chief tem- 
ples of almost all these fairs, which I 
think has opened the eyes of many to 
Me (hat all their gods are nothing but 
fanlty^ On the 4th of May, as oar 
brethren were returning home from a 
short distance, where they had been 
to dispense (he word of life, a man of 
tbtt Byragee cast joined Uiem, and 
jpeemed to be much affected with what 
he had heard ; he came talking all the 
yay to Kangalee*s house, where he 
cast away the badges of Satan out- 
,wardly, and ate with the brethren. He 
has since gone home to persuade his 
wife to join him, but has not returned 
yet. Some time back an old man 
came, as an inquirer, who had heard 
^e word from Mr. Thomas about nine- 
• teen years ago ; his relations have 
taken him back, but I hope he is a 
true seeker after life. This is one in- 
Utance of ;nany, that the word of the 
I^ord will not return void, although we 
nay have to wait long before we see 
any effect. On the 22nd of June, had 
a very large concourse of people at 
Cntwa, to bathe in the Ganges ; being 
rather poorly, I did not go out myself, 
but the native brethren had two days 
hard work in preaching and giving 
away books. They were well received. 
Many persons through the days of the 
fair came for books to my house, who 
^ere all supplied. A Brahman, some 
time back, promised our native bre- 
thren that he would renounce all his 
eld ways, and come and join them, as 
)ke was convinced that Jesus Christ was 
the only true Saviour ; but I have seen 
nothing of him since. Things of late 
^ve been much more encouraging 
than for some time past. While I have 
been writing this, four persons have 
celled from a distance for books, and 
have taken them away, seemingly 
much pleased. 

lAst month I had the pleasure of 
JDapti2;ing three persons, who belong to v 
tlie native christian families. I hope also 
soon to baptize three or four more. Thus 
the Lord has of late been and is still 
blessing us. Our meetings are well at- 
tended; sometimes the congregations 
are large and attentive. Mrs. Carey, I 
am sorry to say, has, some time ago, 
been obliged to give up the Female 
School, but she has been thinking of 
making another attempt ; and as she 
intends to have it in the town, I hope 
it will succeed. I wish schools and 



places of worship weH set np in aH 
parts^, they would do nluch good. 

I am sorry to say, that I have lately 
been rather poorly with an enlargement 
of the liver, which will keep me in doors 
more than I could wish; but I hope I 
shall get the better of it with care. 



DIGAH. 



Extract of a Letter from Mr. Rowe to 
Mr^ Dyer, dated 

Digah, Jan, 2, 1823. 
I HAVE already informed you that 
our native brother Nainsook has spent 
about a month with our native bre- 
thren. During this period they have 
visited from twenty to thirty village)^, 
some of which are on this and some on 
the other side of the Ganges. To maay 
of these places they hare repeated 
their visits several times. From what 
I have lately seen in Nainsook, I am 
more pleased with hira than I have 
ever been before. He has improved 
greatly under the tuition of our late 
dear brother Chamberlain. For k* 
young man, he commands a great deal 
of respect among his countrymen, and 
is a very acceptable preacher. After 
hearing him, the natives generally ex- 
press &eir approbation. He possesses 
an aptness to teach, and in addition 
to tMs there is something mild and 
humble in his demeanour, which gainft 
upon the affections of his hearers. I 
think his heart is in the work, and 
that he feels a pleasure in being inces*> 
sant in going about to dp good to the 
souls of men. On his return from iti- 
nerant journeys, during which he has 
met with much attention from those 
with whom he has conversed on divine 
subjects, I have often beard him ex" 
claim, with much feeling, in the words 
of our Lord : " Lift up your eyes, and 
look on the fields ; for they are white 
already to harvest." '^ The harvest 
truly is plenteous, but the labourers 
are few : pray ye therefore the Lord 
of the harvest, that he will send forth 
labourers into his harvest." I hope he 
will ably fill up the place of our de- 
parted brother Brindabund. Excuse 
this digression in favour of Nainsook : 
it gives me more than ordinary plea- 
sure to see this young man walking in 
the footsteps of our dear departed bre- 
thren who have entered into rest, and 
I cannot forbear imparting a portion 
of tliis pleasure to you. In performing 
these itinerant journeys our native 






MJ&SIONAHY HRRALi)*' 



48J 



brethren haTe not met with large cen- 
gregationay except at Hajeepore fair. 
Indeed they choose rather to direct 
their attention to a few here and there, 
who are disposed quietly to hear what 
they have to say, than to eahaust 
themselves in the midst of a noisy 
multitnde. Under these circumstances 
the same persons usually manifest a 
greater disposition to listen to their 
messages, and their stock of gospels | 
and tracts are disposed of to much 
greater advantage than they are when 
snatched from them in a tumultuous 
crowd. In this way they have been 
eiiabled to collect a dozen in one place, 
twenty in another, from forty to fifty 
in another, and so on. Sometimes 
they collect two or three such congre- 
gations in different parts of a popu- 
lous town or village. At one time 
they meet with hearers under a large 
tree, at another in the compound of 
the Zemindar of a village, at another 
in the bazar or market, and in large 
places they frequently meet with litUe 
assemblies of hearers in the more re- 
tired streets and lanes. Several of 
the natives in our neighbourhood in- 
vite our native brethren to their houses, 
from time to time, to converse with 
them respecting the gospel. This out- 
line will give you an idea of the na- 
ture of our labours among the natives. 
Very few attend the stated means of 
grace in Hindoosfhanee, and our 
principal means of making known the 
Saviour is that of embracing every op- 
portunity tihat offers from day to day 
of conversing with individuals who 
are disposed to attend to what we have 
to make known to them. The bre- 
thren observe, respecting their recent 
labours, that they have met with but 
little opposition, and that opposition 
is generally made by Mussulmans 



went up to them and aske^ if they 
would hear a word about the Son of 
God ? Six or eight of them replied : 
^* We are drunkards, (which was in 
reality the case,) we do not want ta 
hear yon ." On going a little farther, 
they met with about the same number of 
Byragees, to whom they put the same 
question. One of them replied: 
^* What have you to say about him f* 
They then engaged in conversation 
on this subject. Some of them said 
they had heard these words from Ku- 
reem, at Digah, some years ago. Two 
of the company then insultingly or* 
dered them to be gone. Another said, 
*' This book of which you have been 
speaking is already in my bouse, and 
if you will give me another I will not 
despise it.'' A Brahman, who liveif 
about half-way between this and 
Monghyr, has lately repeated his visit 
to us. He maintains that all religions 
are good^ and in conformity to this 
opinion he accompaniod our brethren 
to Hajeepore fair, and other places, 
where he warmly recommended the 
gospels and tracts they distributed^ 
On the other side the Ganges tbef 
met with a native school-master who 
had been employed in that capacity 
by Mr. Martyn. He and some Ze* 
mindars solicited that I would set up 
a school in their village. A Moonshee 
came. to them at the fair, and saidj 
'< You are speaking of Jesus Christ— 
I have a tract containing the life of 
Christ. — Christ is the true Saviour.** 
Pointing to the New Testament, he 
asked the brethren if they could per- 
form what was required of them in that 
book. They replied : ** By the help 
of Qod we do as much as we catt.*^ 
Some men then took the Moonshee by 
the arms, and forcibly led him avray. 
Soon after he returned again with 4 



The Hindoos are much more disposed Zemindar and others. The Zemiadl^* 



to hear them than the disciples of Ma 
hornet. Among the Hindoos they 
sometimes meet with an individual or 
two who come to hear them for the ex- 
press purpose of caviling and revil- 
ing; but in general they are treated 
with respect, and not unfrequently 
With great cordiality. I will give you 
a few examples : When they were one 
day visiting some villages, they met 
with twenty or thirty persons seated 
together on the ground: the brethren 



addressed the brethren : *' Who tah 
you V* The brethren : " Christiant .'' 
Zemindar : ** Your words are not good 
words. No good will arise from at- 
tending to these." A bystander said 
to the Zemindar : << Oh ! Maha Raj; 
these are good words.'* The Zeminm 
reproached him by saying : '' I sap- 
pose you also will become a Christian.** 
The Moonshee said : ** I will sottie* 
time go to Digah to see you." They 
then led him away as before. 



184 MISSIONARY HEKALD. 

ConirWuiUms reethed 6y the Treaturer tf the Baptist Musionmy Society, from 
Febnuwg^O^ t^ March 20, 1824, not inchiding Indiwidmtl Sulscriittions, 

FOR THE MISSION. £ s. d. 

Legacy of Joseph Bradney, Esq. late of Clapham Cowmum 

Do. of Mrs. Jane Sharp, late of iCfsrypore, 10 > 

Expenses 1 2 10$ 

Kinf^sbridge, snndry Subscriptions, &c.byRfT. J, Nicholson 

Quarterly Sabscriptions, Fen-court, by Mr. Mundy • 

Western District, Auxiliary Society, by Rev. R. Horsey : 

Exeter, Subscriptions, &c. 

Aberdeen, Auxiliary Society, &c. by Mr. W. Thomson 

Balnakettle. (N.B.) Female Society, by Rev. Mr. Gilmour** 

Bluntisham, Friends at, by Rev. Samuel Green 

Kettering, Auxiliary Society and Subscriptions, by Rev. 
J.K. HaU 

Garway, (Herrfordihire) Friends, by Mrs. Rogers 

Pocket Books, presented by Miss H. Kieman, Drumcimdra, 

near Dublin • 11 

Collected, by Rev. John Saffery : 

Calne 1 17 Lymington 

Chippenham* • • • 5 and its Vicinity 12 10 

Chittern 2 14 3 Melksham-**. 7 10 6 

Christchurch • • • 3 10 Salisbury, 

Devizes 23 15 4 G^ardner, Mr.** 2 

Lacock 2 7 Westbury 6 2 



200 





n 


8 


17 


2 


11 


13 


4 


1 


15 


6 


13 


16 





15 


14 


6 


1 


10 





5 


2 


6 


23 


4 


2 


2 


17 


2 



66 6 1 

Alexander Haldane, Esq. Hatcham Heme Donation 2 

O.G.by Ditto Donation 5 

Friend, at Canterbury, by Mr. Howland Donation 1 

Mr. F. Duerden, Bermuda, by the Secretary • • • Donation 5 

Mrs. Swinscow, by Mrs. Carey, Boxnnor* •••••-••••.• Donation 1 

TRANSLATIONS. 
Mrs. King, BirmtnfAam •• • ...»• i.** ••Donation 20 

SCHOOLS. 

Mrs. King, Birmingham, for Kingston Free School* • •Donation 10 n 
Mr. John Deakin, Do. for Do. Do. Donation 10 

FEMALE EDUCATION. 
Dundee, Penny Society, Westport District, by Mr. Easson* • * • 10 

TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

The Thanks of the Committee are returned to Rev. S. Bulgin, Poole; Mr. 
William Ellis, Newtown, (by Mr. Walkden,) and Mrs. Williams, 18, Great, 
Winchester-street, for a quantity of Magazines, &c. for the use of the Mission. 

Our respected Correspondent ^t Manchester is infonned, that his obliging 
letter and remittance have been duly received. 

The request from St. Mary's, Scilly, shall be complied with ; but, surely, the 
postage ought to have been paid. 

If our friend in Oxfordshire had known as much of certain * gentlemen from 
India* as we do, he would have neither been surprised or alarmed at the report 
that Missionaries hire converts at the rate of Half-a-crown each ! Some of the 
class to whom we refer have roundly asserted that Hindoo widows are nevf r 
burnt with their dead husbands ; while others have sagaciously doubted whe- 
ther there are any Missionaries in India at all — they never saw them ! Would 
B. H. have us publish answers to such assailants as these? 

Erratum, — ^The sum for Femaler Education, entered last month, as from 
'' Young Ladies, by Rev. J. Morgan, £28 17s." — should have appeared ^g fol- 
lows : '* Young Ladies in Birmingham, for the Birmingham School at Calcutta, 
^23 17s." 



J. BARFIELD, Printer; ^1, VVardour-Street« Soh». 



THE 



l^upH^t 0H»tlti^int* 



MAY, 1824. 



Jnswer to the Question of^^A consdentUms Reader ;" in the 
Bttptist Magazine for February ^ 18£4, p. 68; ■ 



"youR " Conscieotious. Reader" 
wishes to know whether it be 
proper for a master, professing 
godliness, to enforce the duty of 
prayer on his. ungodly- servants ; 
either upon those .who are inani«- 
festly ungodly, or upon those who 
cultivate moral habits. 

An answer to > this question 
might very soon be given, ytt, for 
the sake of sOflie, • who perhaps 
resd but few books, except tb^ 
Bible and your Magaxine^; I beg 
you will allow ipe lo go freely 
.into the subjiect.: :,.' 

On all sUtijetQts, in theology, 
the sacred writings are the only 
standard, by which to form our 
jadguent; the plain unsophisti- 
cated sense their words convey, 
and inferences legitimately drawn 
from them, should be our guide. 
It is not, what thinkest thorn 1 
but, what readest thou? Not 
Vrhether any sentiment be agree- 
able to Calvinism, or to Arminianr- 
ism, but whether it accords with 
the word of God; this, and only 
this, can make it worthy to be 
maintained. 

To bring our preconceived 
opinions to that word, is to do 
ourselves much injury ; instead 
of making it supreme judge iu all 
matters of religion, from whose 
sentence there is no appeal: it 
then becomes subservient to those 

VOL. XVI. 



opinions, and its true light is shut 
out from our minds. 

It is nol uncommon to meet 
with persons who maintain sentf^ 
ments, in some things^ directly 
contrary to the i*ord ofGorf,and 
who^ when th^ scriptures are 
mentioned, which oppose those 
sentiments, have always sweeping 
clauses at hand to nullify every 
argument brought in defence of 
the sense of those scriptures, and 
to fortify their favobrite system; 
It .matters not what inspired 
writers say^ nothing can be true 
that does not square #itil theif 
views. They must be ocNisi^tient 
with their creed, whatever be the 
consequences. These men do 
not oppose the word of God for 
the sake. of doing so; no, many 
of them would tremble at the 
thought of so great a crime; but 
they have imbibed certain opin- 
ions which must be true, because 
they are found in the scriptures, 
and because iAes^ are true, others 
must beso, wbich^ in their ideaa, 
are inseparably connected vrkh 
them ; whereas this connexion 
may exist only in their own ima- 
gination; what they reject may 
be true, as well as what they re- 
ceive. Would persons of this 
description lay aside their fa- 
vourite hypothesis, take the plaia 
literal meaning of scriptural d^ 



186 ANSWEtt TO " A CONSCIENTIOUS READER." 



clarationsy and impute any appa- 
rent want of agreement, in tfait 
meaning, to their want of under- 
standing, there would be reason 
to hope that their minds would 
soon be instructed to receive the 
whole of divine truth, and to give 
to every part thtereof its due at- 
tention. For want of this there 
are great divisions among good 
men. Christian'^dharity is often 
sacrificed at the shrine of system, 
and those, who should love one 
another for Christ's sake, are 
sometimes known to be at a great 
distance ia affection. 

It is a great doubt, with me, 
whether the question 1 shall now 
£ii4eavour to answer was ever agi- 
lated Jimong the first Christians, 
the Puritans, or the Nonconform- 
ists; they had too much good 
sense and religion to doubt the 
propriety of exhorting sinners to 
pray. Aiiow me to add, that I 
Am sorry for the occasion of it in 
our. own 4pys, especially that 
good men should possess a senti- 
fneat 90 contrary, as I think, to 
the -word <»f God, and the moral 
obligation of ttiaekind. 

I will first attend to the qoe^ 
tion, secondly, «in$wer the objec- 
tions, and conclude with eoe re- 
mark, ai|d by giving a word of 
advice tp your readers. And may 
Almighty God bless the ^faole to 
his own i^ry. Amen. 

That it is right to enforce the 
duty of prayer upon those wlio 
are jn^nifestly ungoidlyY appears 
jfrom the sacred miracles, both by 
legitimate inferences, and by plain 
«x,pressions. 

Passages of scripture -which 
in^ply true religion, necessarily 
suj^pose prayer to God ; this can 
be denied only by 4idmitting that 
men may be the subjects of true 
religion, and yet not pray, which 
,is impossible, prayer being an es- 
sential part of it. " Behold be 
prayeth.'* 



After the prophet Isaiah had 
described the Israelites as being 
awfully wicked, he admonishes 
them, "Come now, an4 let us 
reason togethei; ^aitli the Lord. 
Though your sins be as scarlet, 
they shall be white as snow; 
though they he red like crimson, 
they shall be as wool/' This im- 
plies that they ought to listen to his 
word, bow to his authority, and 
yield themselves to his control; 
in other words, that they should 
put away the evil t)f their doings 
from before bis eyes ; cease to do 
evil, and leani to do weU. (See 
Isai. chap, i.) Do pious maalers, 
who enforce the duty of firayer 
upon their mamfestly ungodly 
servants, go further than this jm>o- 
phet did 1 1 think not. 

The prophet Jeremiah address- 
ing the people, exhorted f^em, 
** Hear ye, and give ear, be not 
proud, for the hard hath spoken. 
Give glory to the Lord your God, 
before hecaJHsedarknees,and be- 
fore yotfr feet stumble upon the 
dark monntains,and while ye look 
for light he turn ft into the sha- 
dow of death. But, if ye will not 
hear it, my soul shall weep in 
secret for yoor pride, and mine 
eyes shall weep sore, and iwr 
down with tears." (efaap. xni. 
15 — 17.) I camiot helptiiinfkifig, 
that, had Jevemiah beeniavias^r, 
and any of these Israelites had 
been his servants; notwith- 
standing their manifest ungodli- 
ness, be would have exhorted 
them to pray ; because he "did 
exhort them to that which was 
fully equal to it. 

The prophet Joel foretold the 
-fudgments of God coming 
upon his people for their sins, and 
yet, that these judgments might 

be prevented, be thus admonish- 
ed them, " Therefore also now, 

sdith the Lord, turn ye oven to 

me with all your heart, and with 



ANSWER TO 



'<A CONSCISNTIOU8 BtAl>BlK.*' 



1^1 



fistinf; and with weeping, and 
witk momraiog: And rend your 
hearti mad not yoor garmentf, 
and turn unto tke Lord your 
God." <ii. lit, 18.) Toruiag to 
the Lord with all the heart, with 
fkHing, nourniDgY and weeping; 
rending the heart, and not the 
garmeftts, wean nothing short of 
true pety, and, hy consequence, 
imply praying to God. 

Our Lord's sermon on llie 
mouDt was delivered to great 
Millitudes, assenUed together 
froiO ▼arions places, (Matt. iv. 
25. ▼• 1, 2 ;) some of whom, we 
have no doiibt, were manifestly 
ungodly, while others of them 
might cultimto moral habits ; yet 
he exhorted them all without dis- 
tinctioB to ^ Seek first the 
kingdom <»f Ood, and his righte* 
ousBess/^ We beg to be informed, 
whether giviag the kingdom of 
God, and lus righteousness, the 
first place in our pursuits be not 
of the nature of true religion, and 
equal to praying to God for spi- 
ritual blessiOgsl 

Those who followed Christ, 
not bebau^e they saw his miracles, 
but because they did eat of tife 
loaves, an^ were filled ; he ex* 
horted, ** Labour not for the meat 
whidb perisheth, but for that meat 
which eudureth to everlasting 
lUe,** Uut nothing can endure to 
everlasting life, in the sense in 
which our Lord is to be under- 
stood, but real religion. Surely, 
then, to labour for it must in- 
clude the duty of prayer. 

The apostle Paul *' shewed first 
Unto them of Damascus, and at 
Jerusalem, and throughout aU the 
coasts of Judea, and, then, to the 
Gentiles, that they sliould repent 
and turn to God, and do works 
meet for repei^ance." (Acts xxvi. 
!20.) Those who object to sinners 
being exhorted to pray, should 
consider, whether repenting and 



laming to God, and doing works 
meet for repentance, fiill short of 
that religion which the gospel re- 
quires of those that receive it; if 
not, then, to exhort sinners to 
pray must be right, because the 
apostle Paul exhorted them to do 
that which evidently implied it. 

2ndly. I am to prove that, ac«- 
cordkig to the pkin and literal 
■waning of some passages of the 
scriptures, sinners, even aome of 
the manifestly ungodly among 
them, ar^ exhorted to pray. 

In the prophecy of Isaiah (Iv« 
0,) we read, ** Seek ye the Lord 
while he may be found, call ye 
upon him while he is near.*^ 
Should it be said, that the word 
seekt in this passage, does not mean 
praying; it cannot be so said of 
the wor<l call. If it b^ objected, 
that the passage, with its cob- 
nexion, is not addressed tO' the 
uugodly, but to ** setuiMe iitt- 
ners:*' we beg to remind those 
who nhake the objection, of the 
description giveu of them in the 
passage* Spending their money 
for that which was not bread, 
and their labour for that which 
satisfied not — as not hearing tho 
word of the Lord, and as those 
whose souls were dead. They 
thirsted, yet not for the living 
God, but for carnal pleasures, 
for they were wicked, walked in 
a wicked way, and their thoughts 
were unrighteous, (v. 7.) If these 
were *' sedsihle sinners,*' then the 
prophet addressed such ; but, it 
roust be by a sttunge method of 
interpretatfou that this can be 
made out. They were not spirit 
tually sensible; any thing short 
of this couki do them no good, 
and yet he exhorted them to seek 
the Lord, and to call upon him. 

In the pn^hecy of Hosea, the 
Israelites are exhorted, *' O Israel, 
return unto the Lord thy God ; 
for thou hast fallen by thine ini- 



T « 



^v 



188 



ANSWER TO " A CONSCIENTIOUS READER.'' 



quity. Take with you words and 
turn to the Lord : say unto him» 
Take away all iniquity, and re- 
ceive us graciously ; . so will we 
Tender the calves of our lips." 
This was not only exhorting them 
lo pray, but also furnishing them 
with words to make use of in the 
discharge of that duty. 

Jesus Christ admonished his 
headers, in the sermon before 
mentioned, to '< Ask that it might 
be giyen to them, to seek thdt 
they might find, and to knock 
that it might.be opened to them." 
The; words ask^ seek, knocks are 
equal, in their import, to praying, 
tind express the ideas of want, 
loss, and earnestness. 

He also spake a parable to this 
end, that «ie« ought always to pray, 
and not to faint. (Luke xviii. 1.) 
Hece the word men is indefinite; to 
^estnict it either to good ipenor to 
bad men, would be contrary to 
our Lord's meaning. No objec- 
tion can fairly be brought to this 
interpretation from the word Elect 
being used iit the parable, for the 
parable itself is general; it is the 
application that Christ makes of 
it, which is specific. Besides, as 
no man can know any thing, at 
least not while he is ungodly, 
either about his election, or his 
non-election, that, of which he is 
entirely ignorant, can, by no 
means, nullify a rule of duty. It 
would be -very strange to argue 
that, because God will hear the 
prayers of his own elect, there* 
fore, others are under no obliga* 
tion to pray to him ; according to 
this,, the election of some would 
take away the duty of others. 

The apostle Peter perceived that 
Simon Magus was in the gall . of 
bitterness, and in the bond of 
iniquity, (Acts viii. 22, 23.) No 
man can be found in a worse 
condition than he was, yet he was 
exhorted to pray; therefore^ how- 



ever wicked men may be, or, 
however far removed from 
God, they may be exhorted to 
pray; to pray too for ^ritual 
blessings, forgiveness of ^in« 

The apostle James wrot^ liis 
epistle to those whom he de- 
scribes as aduliei'ers and adul" 
teresses; yet he admonished 
them to ** Draw nigh, to God ;'' 
adding a promise, that, if -they 
did, be would drawnigh to them. 
He also admonished them Id 
humble themselves in the' sight 
pf God, that he might lift tiiem 
up. To cleanse their • hands; 
and to purify their hearts, > to ' be 
afflicted, to mourn ^nd .to weep 
for the miseries that were coming 
upon them, (chap. iv. 4. 10.) Who 
can doubt, from this view of the 
connexion, but that, by ^* draw- 
ing nigh to God," the apostle ex* 
pressly meant praying to him 1 

Secondly. Tarn to answer ob- 
jections. It is said, that prayer 
to God is the distinguishing pri- 
vilege of believers, and that, 
therefore, it cannot be the duty 
of sinners. 

In answer to this, I observe 
that, if prayer be the exclusive 
privilege of beHevers, then, as, 
in its own nature, it is a privilege 
as well as a duty, the wicked are 
entirely cut off from both. Be- 
sides, this objection proceeds on 
the supposition, that wbat is the 
privilege of one man, hecausehe 
enjoys it, cannot be the duty of 
another, because he does not en- 
joy it. To be consistent with 
themselves, these objectors should 
restrict the reading and hearing 
of the word of God to believers; 
these being privileges as well as 
praying. To admit them to do 
one, and not admit them to do 
the other, is inconsistent ; by 
acting up to the spirit of this ob- 
jection, we should be worse than 
the Papists, who, though they 



ANBWBR TO '* A CONSCIENTIOUS READER." 189 



kept the scriptures from the com- 
moB people, never, that 1 have 
heard of, attempted to binder 
them praying to God. 

As without faith, it is impossi- 
ble to please God, and the wicked 
have not faith, it is said that they 
must not be exhorted to pray. 
The declaration, ** That without 
faith it is impossible to please 
God/' (Heb. xi. 0,) is intended 
to shew, that, as Enoch walked 
with God, and pleased him, he 
must hiave faith ; but who would 
infer from this, that other men 
ought not to believe in the reve« 
lation which God has given of his 
Son? That, because Enoch pleased 
God by his faith, and by the con- 
duct which proceeded from it, 
that men; who have no faith, are 
at Kberty to displease him. This 
method of arguing, makes the 
faith and obedience of one man a 
reason why others should have 
neither faith nor obedience. This 
is quite a new metliod of rea- 
soning.' 

** Whatsoever is not of faith is 
sin,'" (Rom. xiv. 23,) is brought 
forward as an argument to prove 
that sinners must not be exhorted 
to pray. This passage does not 
refer to the belief of .the gospel, 
btit to eating, or not eating, certain 
meats offeied in sacrifice to idols. 
If any one of the Romans were 
fully persuaded in his own mind 
that it were wrong for him to 
eat these meats, and yet 
did eat them, he was guilty 
of sin, by sacrificing the prin- 
ciple of sincerity and self- 
denial which he ought to have 
maintained. T^^e passage has 
nothing to do with the propriety, 
or the impropriety, of sin- 
ners being exhorted to pray : it 
argues a superficial acquaintance 
with the gospel to bring it for- 
ward on such an occasion. 

Again. It is said that Cain's 



sacrifice was not accepted, be- 
cause it was offered without faith 
in the promised seed ; therefore, 
ungodly sinners must not be ex- 
horted to pray. Cain's sacrifice 
was not rejected because he 
offered it» which is what the ob- 
jection supposes ; but because it 
was not of the riglit kind. It was 
notfttlL He did not regard what 
God had said, but offered of th« 
fruit of the earth without a meat- 
offering ; had he done well, he 
would' have been accepted, even 
as was Abel; but he did not well^ 
therefore sin lay at the {door.' 
(Gen. iv. 4. 7.) Can this be any 
reason why a sinner should not 
pray to God ? To say this would 
be equal to saying, that, because 
Cain was afn infidel, other men 
may be ' infidels too. This is 
strange indeed. 

It is still urged, by way of ob- 
jection, that '^iThe sacrifice of the 
wicked ^is an abomination to the 
Lord." Well, what then 1 Why, 
according to these objectors^ 
sinners must not be exhorted 
to pray. To say nothing of 
confounding the institution of 
sacrifice under the law, with pray- 
ing to God under the gospel, this 
objection proceeds on a wrong 
principle. An, Israelite, having 
brought a sacrifice to God's al- 
tar, which, on account of his own 
wickedness, Was an abomination 
to him, he must not^ according 
to this, approach the altar any 
more. Not only so, but; on ac- 
count of this, sinners must not be 
told that they ought to pray : 
their obligation to this duty is 
done away. This is marvellous 
indeed ! 

In the days of the prophet 
Malachi, the Jews were wicked, 
and highly provoked the Lord; 
but, instead of this forming a rea- 
son why they should not offer 
sacrifices to him, they were ad- 



190 A^ftlVBRTO ^A CONSCIBNTIOUS RBAOE^a. 



9f 



mmiishcd, ** Bring j< all the 
lilhes into Ihe alore-koutey that 
tbcfe may be meat in mine bouse, 
anil prove me now berewith, saitb 
the Lord of bosts, if I wUl not 
open tbe windows of heavea, and 
pour yon out a UesMng.*^ (Mai. 
ni. 7. 10.) Tbeir manifest nngod* 
liness was no reason why God's 
allar should he mgtected; nei- 
ther is the ungedNoess of sinners 
any leasoa wby tbey should not 
pray to bim. 

U is sUU objected, «< The 
ploughing of the wicked is stn." 
(Prov. x%\, 4.) Without laying any 
great stress upon the critieism of 
karned. saen on this passage, hy 
whofli the word^rendered plough* 
lag, is translated l^kt, or lamp^ 
which would make the pasaage 
lead, * The light, or lamp, of 
the wicked is sin ; meaning^ that 
thelight* which is in them, is dark- 
ness ; in which view it could have 
nothing to do with the question, 
it may he easily disposed of« 
In the sense of these objectors, it 
iseqjunHy fo«ciMe agaiMt plough- 
ing and against praying. I could 
say, ''The ploughing osf the 
widked is sin/' and, thereibre, he 
must not plough ; becaiMe, if he 
diet, he wiU sia ; and so as these 
ohjeelors say, be must not 
pray, hecause, if he do, he will 
sin! Besides, if the wicked can 
i» nothing without sin, which is 
the ground the objectors take, 
and tUa he a reason wby they 
should not do one thing, it will 
afco starve as an argument why 
they should' not do another, and, 
then, they must do nothing at aii, 
but be kept in complete idleness. 
How would these objectorj^ Eke 
to abide by the consequences of 
their own argument, especially if 
they have children grown up, for 
whom they have to provide, but 
who do not fear the Lord, and 



several ungodly setvante, to whom 
they have to pay yearly wagesi 

Finally. These ohjecjtors tdie 
refuge, as in an impftcmible 
fartreas^ in what they call me na- 
tural and spiritual meaning of the 
wofd of God. One far the sin* 
ner, and another for the saiwt ; 
this is fettewed by a dislinclien 
between whni Ih^ call tibe «»• 
lural and spintud worship of 
God. Carnal men mny perfl»rm 
the one, regenerated men the 
other: when the weed of God ia 
urged so pointedly againal them 
that they cannot turn abeMit, aari 
tbeir sweeping claasea fcil to 
serve their purpose, they always 
have recourse to tUs distiactioB. 
But I ask, where, in the word of 
God, IS tbb idea authorized 1 It is 
directly contrary to the sphrilMaV- 
ity of the Divine Being, aad a 
mere figment of the human, brain, 
'' God is a Spirit^ and they that 
wofslijp him must w^rshtp' bim 
in spirit and in truth." He never 
required of men a form of relik 
gion, and gave them liberty to 
dispense wKh the power of it. 
The very best of men aie no 
more than the worsi, (in circum- 
stsfices equally favourable^) oilght 
to be. To attend npioa the ot-- 
dinances of religion eorfiomlly, 
and not spiritually^ easuuMt he 
pleasing to bim who requires that 
all men shauld give bim their 
hearts. 

But I am wearied withfidlowing 
these objections. I wilV thtre^ 
fore, conclude with one remaiii;, 
and with a word of adviee. 

Remark. It is very awfiul, iur 
deed, that notions so peraieiousas 
those opposed in this paper,ahouid 
have so muich prevailed m the 
church of God. I beg to ask my 
brethren in the ministry, how far 
it has been owing to a species of 
preaching which| though it doas 



TO TH& r.nnovk8^ 



Iftl 



iiotdifecily«nceQnj0etbeiilk dd6s 
not spffiksienUy poiol out Iheir 
evil tendency? The gospel 
may be preachtd^ »tt4 yet daa* 
gejrottft stAtifttentS' oDgeadiered by 
k; W( m» therefore^ be careful 
Ip give t^ every part oS divine 
trujth. iu pioper pkee and full 
weigbt;. tbat Ibe •yannetry of it 
nay. a^^penf iu our aemoos, and 
be dttly preserved among our 
people. This is of Uie first im* 
pertaqee. 

Advice, I beg of your readers 
not to bf deterred frofu doing 
what thn scriptures^ strongly se*- 
commend^ by the crude and un* 
ftcriptttral observations Qf neut 
whose confidence ofkn fiur sur» 
passes tbfir modesty^ humility^ 
and lave^ to God. 

To wbat greater lenntba^ in er* 
ror, can finy one go^ than boldly 
to deny that it is the 4uty of nien 
" to seek the Lord while be eiay be 
founds and to. call upon him 
while he is near!" The time will 
soon come when, if they conti* 
nue in sin, be will not be found; 
when there will be a great gulph 
fixed between him and them. 
When that saying will be found 
trtte« ** Because I have called, 
and ye refused 3 I have stretched 
out my handy and no man re- 
garded; but ye have set at nought 
all my counsel, and would none 
of my reproof; I also will laugh 
at your calamity; I will mock 
wh^ your fear cometb." (Prov. 
124—26.) 

If it be not the duty of a wick- 
ed man to pray to the Lord, it 
cannot be hb sin to neglect either 
tbis^ or any other part of religion; 
and, though he be as wicked as 
Ahab or Jeroboam, he has no 
sin ; if he have no sin, he cannot 
want a Saviour to save him from 
it. If this may be the case with 
one man, it may be the case with 
all men; and no the necessity of 



tbn gospet b« di>ne away willf al« 
together.. O^ my soul, come net 
thou into the secret of ;tbese men i 
unto their assembly mine,, bo* 
nous, he not thou united I: 

&G. 



To the Editort of i\kt BaptiH Magupiutjf 
SlB^ 

Whether we ooqtemplate the 
arts and sci^ces, pohticai ^Or 
noiny^ humanity, or religion, «v,e 
find ouvselves sursounded by 
projects and experiui.enta. Of 
these^ .a considerable, number 
have been extensively subipitted 
for investigatiojB and sanction! 
while many, though developed 
insmaU^eiroles, and there approvr 
e4, remain still in abeyance^ 
and are in danger of being cout 
signed to neglecty if not peiy 
petual oblivion. 

What has resulted frqm |he 
inquiries so laudably <;ommenced^ 
by one class, relative to a metro* 
politan baU for the aqniveMaries 
of charitable institutions; by a 
second class^ relative to an Eng- 
lish college, free from sectarian 
restrictions; by a third class, 
relative to schools for the ^hi^ 
dren of Baptist ministers 7 Tbesi^ 
are among the numerous inquiries 
which, if suspf nded^ ought to be 
resumed, and will, it is hoped, 
be yet prosecuted to a successful 
issue. 

The time selected for a fresh 
enterprise, may prove inau- 
spicious; tlie motives of its fir^t 
abettors may undergo a wprse 
than rigid scrutiny ; the miumer 
of announcing it, may be spirit- 
less on the one band, or i^epul- 
sive on the other; and its pro* 
posed organization may strike 
critical observers as being both 
unsound and incomplete. 



194 



TO THE KDltORS. 



^ Alibwiitg for these, and •imikir I 
lenses of 'discomfilurey we are 
encouraged to a»8unie<» that^ in 
tttch an age as - the present, and 
in such a country as onrown, 
no measure, good, feasible, and, 
extensively wanted, will, when 
matured and ^^itably introduced, 
fail to engage approbation and 
support. 

To the philanthropist, whose 
anxious and fruitful mincl is 
teeming with new d^vices^ ex- 
perience would say, " Be stead- 
fast and patient; associate the 
light of wisdom with the fire of 
real ; atid, then, press onward, as 
the way fairly opens before you*, 
exempiars of decision, integrity, 
kindness, and devout affiance. 
Lose nothing by procrastination. 
Life is -short; opportunities are 
evanescent; and the necessitous 
objects, provided for in your 
theory, even now pant and peti- 
tion for relief." • 

Having in view a project, which 
may have frequently been gkinc« 
ed at by others, but has not 
been specified and recommended 
through the medium of the press, 
I hasten to obey what I have 
supposed to be the counsel of 
experience, and thus^ if possible, 
to afccomplish the design of this 
conimunication. 

Learning, connected in a chris- 
tiaik' minister, with personal relt- 
gidd, is not merely an attractive 
omadfient, but a substantial ad- 
vantage. My project refers to 
it ; and involves an expedient 
widely applkable—^but applica- 
ble in no evangettcal connexion 
in which I should not rejoice to 
see it efficiently applied. 

Exclusively, however, of those 
convictions which bring me into 
the closest alliance with members 
of the Baptist denomination^ I 
am induced to appeal particular- 
ly to them, b^ the apprehension. 



that they stand tn peenttar need 
of such arrangements, as 1 now 
call upon them to make. With 
promptitude and i^tgout. 

•For^ tbdngh their predecessors 
have, unquestionably, fiinmhed 
specimens of considerable learn* 
ing, the nnmber, at nny given 
period, has been ^spi^opdrtiMi^d 
as well as unequal to the fiiimfber 
furnished, at the same period j 
respecitivdy, by tbe= 'Episcopa- 
lians, the Presbyterians^ and the 
Independents. 

• With regard to the Baptbts of 
the present day, lio one affects 
to doubt, that they fnbre and 
more appreciate this • vatuaible 
qualifieiBtion. The prejudices 
against a well educated 'ministry, 
which lingered in the denomina- 
tion for ^ges, are fast subliiding ; 
and the importance of cultivating 
the mind, by reading and reflec- 
tion, has, within the isfst fifty 
years, been progressively acknow- 
ledged. Robinson^ Booth, and 
Fuller, though not academically 
trained, rose to high intellectual 
distinction. The nAme may be 
affirmed of certain living preach- 
ers, circumstanced as those emi- 
nent individuals once were. 
Others have, either in Englartd 
or in Wales, gone through a 
course of regular ttlition ;' and a 
few have had the ptilrtlege of 
finishing their preparatory studies 
in Scotland. 

• This section of the British Em- 
pire ought never to be named, in 
such a reference, without grati- 
tude and admiration. Scotland 
presents a noble example of more 
than /fVertf/ hofepitality ; inviting 
every one that hungers and thirsts 
after a mental banquet, to a table 
covered with variety and abun- 
dance. Our young men are con- 
fronted there with no mafrtculat- 
ing or graduating forms, of a na- 
ture to aggrieve a resisting, or 



TO THE EDITORS. 



19s 



tumper vritli a 3^ielding con- 
science. ■ They- ttetivc an im- 
nie<liate.- and a warm welcome; 
tiiey brejAtha tbe air of freedom : 
Ibcy advance^ with due -encou- 
n^ement, to the honours con^- 
ierred by a university on talent 
and diligence; and if, through 
ditine «iercy^ they continue clear 
t'wND the heresy of a sinful life, 
and I be schism of a litigious tem- 
jieir* they may there enjoy the 
fellowship of. men, who, whether 
they agree or differ on ecclesias- 
tical polity, and theological met- 
aphysics, ck>nstitute an estimable 
baad, of which the world is not 
worthy.: . 

. Still, it roust be conceded, our 
literal^ wanta are obvious and 
pressing. As for tbe northern 
aids which I have mentioned, (so 
well adapted at once to expose 
aod to supply the defects of our 
own seminacies,) a great augment* 
ation of pecuniary means is re* 
qubite, in order to bring them 
within the reach of all who may, 
time after time, be found capable 
of turning them to a good ac- 
count. 

Two students only can be 
sent, in the same year, under 
tbe patronage of Dr. Ward's 
trustees, to a Scotch University ; 
uor does the annual average 
maintained there ;by the whole 
denomination besides, exceed 
that number. 

If, indeed, the income of aca- 
demical, institutions, already es- 
tablished among us, should be 
iocreasedy a few more such ex- 
hibitions might be granted from 
that source. The uncertainty, 
however, of events " so devoutly 
to be wished," and the period 
which- must elapse before they 
can be expected to occur, urge 
us to consider the practicability 
of doing, in a different way, what 
ought to have been done before 



we existed; Let separate funds 
be created for the purpose of 
securing, to proper • obj^fcts, a 
better education than is, as yet, 
accessible to persons of their 
class in England ; without de- 
priving them of any more appro- 
priate preparatives for the minis- 
try, which may be atforded there. 
In the hope that a hundred 
subscribers may be obtained, 
but unwilling that the scheme 
should be dismissed, in eonsew 
quence of a piirtial failure, 1 re- 
commend those, who approve the 
general design, to divide them- 
selves into several companies, 
each company supporting two 
students. With what a glow of 
generous delight will these pa- 
trons of learning in the sanctuary^, 
trace, in the attainments, the 
exertions, and the usefulness, of 
every well chosen youtb, thie re^ 
ward of their munificence, iind 
the answer to their prayers ! 

Surely not many weeks will be 
permitted to roll away before the 
first company be formed, nor 
many months before the first 
student shall be accepted. 

I am aware that this project 
requires a high scale of contri- 
bution. But 1 am also confident, 
that the results of its adoption 
will be proportionably advanta- 
geous ; nor can I liesitatC: to be- 
lieve, on the supposition that my 
views are prevalent among those 
to whom they are thus offered, 
that a competent number will 
soon demonstrate themselves to 
be no less able than willing to 
lay this needful sacrifice on the 
altar of Christian charity^ 

If only six names shoidd be 
enrolled, a commencemeilt may 
be made; and, certainly, no name 
will be tendered more cheerfully 
than that of him who here sub- 
scribes himself 

Projector. 



THE fiHORCM AT THYATIRA 



CHURCH AT tHYATIP 
No. IV. Ra. iL 18—38 

Thtatira was a citj 

Lvdia, diilant from Pergi 

about forty-eight miles. I 

nol known when tfae church 

foimed, but it waj probably 

fruil of Paul's labours. Il is j 

sible, Lydia, 4 native of 

place, and her household, i 

were baptiied by the apostle 

Phinppi, might have retur 

and become its first meiiib< 

There is evidence of a chu 

still existing here in (he eis 

cenlwry, when Esaias, one of 

presbyters, attended (he coui 

of Nice, It is a siagulaHy 

surd opinion, tio(ieed by ] 

Gill, ibat some had suppo; 

there was no church here wl 

John received his revelatioi 

one would have thought no oil 

circumstance was necessary 

prove this, than bis being dtrei 

ed to send an epistle to it. 

is now reduced to a very incc 

•iderable place without any 1 

mains of a Christian church. 

The address to the " angel" 
pastor of this church, is opeiu 
by the annunciation, that (I 
speaker is (he "Son of God 
the same divine and glorious pe 
son whom John had seen in b 
vision " like unto the Son . 
man :" uniting in himself, hot 
Ine divine and fiuinan nature, 
jaod thus constituting the perso 
of the Mediator, whose name wa 
lo he called Immanubl, 
« God with us." The attribul 
of bis omniscience, knowing al 
things, beaming from the " eyes' 
of his majesty "like un(o a flami 
of fire;" and the perfection o 
his oram'potence, " like feet 01 
fine brass," supporting all things, 
are spoken of to intimate big 
constant presence in, and the 



contmual pratection of bis chiinA 
when pecnKarly exposed to <tan. 
P*. «»b»r AwM (he fire of imp. 
tatwn or perseeotMn. I( i, p,.^ 
b*bi« (herv ia an iUuM«n to t|w 
llftee Hebwws, who fiur r*fiutaw 
lo worship the golden image oa 
** plains of Dura, were cast in(« 
lb* bunung fiery Aintaoe; but 
who weve supported mkI ptw. 
•rvei* by the Son of Go*: ap. 
«««ri«g lo ibe peitecBlinr imv 
■arch as he did to Job*, "as if 
IB feet burned In r furnace,"* 
f this eonjectBPC be coirect, it 
erves lo eaphin what is saiil of 
he pencvering believere, towards 
lie close of the address : " And 
e thai overcoraelb, and keepelh 
ly works unto the end, to bial 
■ill I give power over tbe im> 
ons; afxt he shall rule ihem 
ith a rod of iron ; as tbe veMeh 
F a potter shall they be br<Acn 
I shivers : even as 1 received of 
y Father." As the victorious 
ebrewg were Halted lo honour 

Babylon, and their enemies ■ 
lie all destroyed ; and, » ihe 
nquecing Saviour entered into 
> glory, to tbe confusion and 
lal destroelion of tbe enemies 

his kingdom; m the victor 
er the corruptions of tbe world, 
lit be exalted to the heavenly 
iry, and in the last judgment 
an assessor with Christ upea 
throne, approving of the 
itence of condemnation upon 
bis enemies. In reference to 
I glory, to which the saind 
I be raised in tbe last day, an 
istle has said ; '* Know ye not 
t we shall judge angels !" 
t is nol difficult to oonceive 

emotions the pastor of this 
Tch would feel, on reading 
superscription of a tettor die- 
i in heaven, and bearing tfae 



TUB CliUftCH AT TUYATIRA. 



195 



inprcM of tb« Difine Biaj«»ty» 
How asUMBttUied must b^ have 
been to^fittd such commendalioiMt 
Vk tke followiiig^ bestowed upon 
hU ua%iorthjf Ubourv and the 



«* I know tby la»t work» 
noT« than Ihy first" Ye spictta 



of Ktiea aad'Kcach, and Wf^iut 
and WifeoD, and Steanetl and 
Giffbrd^ and Andeeso*, have ye 



iiDAerfect obedience of tbofte who I faitelv heard ibroagb the commu- 



coBipofted tke people of his 
cb«f gie ^-**' 1 know thy works, 
vi4 cbaritjT* and serace, and 
Mk and paAu^ncey and tby works; 
aod t^ kwl to be wore than the 
^W It is indeed, astoniAhkig^ 



nications of minkteruif aageb, 
that the 'Mast worksf of the 
churcfacs over which ye once 
presided » ate more than *' the 
first:" which, wefe eacited by 
year lealotis ki^ouiSy and nur- 



tbat any act» pecformed by sacb I taved by vonr fervent prtiyera^ 
imperfiaei Cbriatians^ whether of ' But» if what the puttor had 
bomag^ to bia authority, or love \ ikns fisr read^ afforded hii»pkia»* 
U) bis people^ or endoriog afflie- 1 sure inexpoeasible,. what he had 
tioa in. bia service* oc reliance | farther ta peniae naat have 
upott bis promisest or submissioa eaused him distresa indescfib« 
la hia wiy» abouM be appson^d able : He had either himself 
sod acbaowMged by HIM sinfutty connived at iaii^aity, or 
mbose eyes are as a flame of fire. | the as^jocity of the people had 
kow gfalefoU also» must lie have refused to sappott bis aiitborily 



beePi to be iafcdnned, that their 
*' last works" bad eaceeded their 
ficst wosks» both in number and 
utility. UoUke the church at 
Epbesusy which had ** left ita 
first love^" the cbivch at Thya- 
tim, bad abounded in the firuita 
of ng^teoHSoess : in proportion 
a& they increased in years they 
had "grown in grace*' and in 
obedience to the will of God, 
tlieir, Ssiviour. This was as .it 
ai^gbt to be: surely those 
Chcisti9flSft who are at all sensible 
of their obligations to Ibe innaiil* 
s(b1e compasaiona of the Lord 
Jesus, wiU be constantly desirous 
tbaty aa they have been " taught 
how tbey ought to walk* and to 
please GUkI^ so to ahouad moM 
and more«" An ancient chuach, 
oc an; aged Chris tian^ presents an 
affiecting spectacle when adediae 
ift faith and boliaessy and not an 
increaae of lo^e and zeal,, are the 
prominent foatares of their cha^ 
lacter. O that it; could be said 
of all our ckureheSfe especially of 
those vKhich wens founded eighty 
ers^ bunded yearaor more since: 



i» opposing and preventing some 
maaeutine female (disgastbig 
seene,) from uaurping attthorifey 
in the churchy and teachsng^ cov* 
rapt priacipl^s, which she had 
eafocced by awieked esiampb; 
a daring, assumiag, pread, im# 
pertousj^ impenitent iBZEBBii, 
doing aa much miachief ia Thya. 
tiea, aa the idolatrous qaeea of 
wicked Ahah did ia Israel. — 
^^ Net withstanding I have a few 
thiagfl against thee, because thou 
sufferest that womaa. Jcsebel, 
wUch calleth heaself a peophel* 
esa^ to teach and to seduce my 
servants to commit fornicatjion, 
and to eat thiaga sacrificed to 
idols, and I gave her s|Niee to 
repeat of her tenieaUeiM, and 
she repented nat^" The doctviae 
of Balaam^ was taught in this 
okuicb, as it was in that of Per^ 
gamos ; wiAh this additional pro« 
vddng aggravation^ that Xb» 
teacher and seducer was a 
woman; whose deceptive acts 
and seductive fascinations^ rent- 
deied! the corrupt dootriae moee 
daagemua and destructive.. That 



196 



THE CHURCH AT THYATIRA. 



pastor must be pusilkmimous in- 
deed, -and that church hie in a 
very supine slate, wha would 
"^ suffer" a female to assert 'such 
importance as ' t6 *' teach and 
seduce - the siervants" of Christ 
to become: the disciples of the 
impure and - insidious' Balaam ; 
herself affording the means and^ 
opportunities of acting. out the 
God^provoking principles. 

The threatnings against 
those who had been ' thus se- 
duoedy which were to be tre- 
mendously ' executed, "except 
fbey repented of their deeds/' 
proceed upon the principle of re- 
tributive justice. It is one of the 
fundamental axioms of the Di« 
vine administration, and which 
doubtless is always the rule of 
Jehovah's conduct towards his 
servants* " The Lord God of 
recompenses will surely requite :'■ 
and ^* with what measure ye mete, 
it shall be measured to you again/' 
If men receive not the love of the 
truth, that they might be saved ; 
God wiU send them strong delu- 
sions, that they sbould believe a 
lie. That they all might be 
damned who believed not the 
truth, but had pleasure in un- 
righteousness." So it is here: 
*' Behold, I will cast her into a 
bied, and them that commit adul- 
tery with her into great tribula- 
tion, except they repent of their 
deeds. And I will kill her chil- 
dren with death; and all the 
churches shall know that I am 
be which searcheth the reins and 
lieafts: and I will give tO; every 
one of you according to -yoAr 
wcfika/' It might haVe a salufary 
infliieBce to prevent persons from 
ei^mmitting wicked or unjust prac- 
tices towards otliers^ were they to 
consider tbat similarevents would 
liappew,^ as panisiiments upon 
th«mseWe8 or their' children! 
And' those, who 'are 4wn8eious of 



having injured others in their cir- 
cumstances, or reputation, shoold 
instantly^ humble themselVes be- 
fore God, repenting of tbeir 
wickedness, if they would expect 
to esca)>e the judgment ofOod. 
The merciful and compassion* 
ate High Priest, over the House 
of God, doe's not conclude bis 
Epistle without speaking good 
words, and comfortable words, 
first to the pastor, and, then, to 
all those of his Aock ^ho had hot 
been seduced and corrupted. 
" But untQVdu, I say, and unto 
the rest in Thyatira, as many as 
have not this doctrine, and which 
have not known the de|>ths of 
Satan, as they speak, I will pnt 
up6n you no other burden. But 
that which ye have already,' hold 
fast till I come." It was to their 
honour t6 be ignorant of those 
deep doctrines - into which the 
Balaamites,-and the Antihomi^ns 
of that period, had been initiiated, 
and, of Wbich superior knowledge?, 
they seem to bave boasted. The 
plain and'sihiple truths of the 
gospel which they had received, 
*' his yoke so easy, and his bur- 
den so light," leading^ tbem to 
adore and serve the holy Saviour, 
by doing whatsoever he had com- 
manded them, they are exhorted 
to *' hold fast," even to the end ; 
rather submitting to be reproach- 
ed, as legal ChristiauB, than to be 
complimented, a^ enjoying the li- 
berty of the gospel, at the ex- 
peuse of being licentious profes- 
sors. If persons professing reli- 
gion were judged of by our Lord's 
infallible test, << Ye shall know 
them by their fruits," there are 
mai^y, wbocall themselves the 
chosen of theLord^' of 'whom it 
would be'said,*^' Reprobate silver 
shall tfiert' call' you^ because the 
Lord hath rejected yoiir.'^ '■ 

Happy indeed, and honoura- 
ble, are those who have escaped 



n^BPLY TO THE CONGRKCUTION AL < MAlDAZtNC. 197 



ihe corruption of < the world 
through lust; who are adding to 
their faith virtue, and to virtue 
knowledge, and to knowledge 
brotherly-kindness, and to bro- 
therly-kindness chanty: who, by 
abounding in these graces of the 
Spirit, and these fruits of righte- 
ousness, are " giving diligence to 
make; their calling and election 
sure:" for, fn doing these things, 
they shall never fall : and so an 
entrslnce shall be -administered 
unto them abundantly into the 
everlasting kingdom of our Lord 
and Saviour Jesus Christ. Such 
will not only -be exstlted to true 
dignity, and be confirmed in that 
state of safety and blessedness, 
but will possess all that fulness 
of light and love which may pro- 
bably be intimated by the ex- 
ceeding great and precious pro- 
mise — ** And I will give him the 
morning-star/' To none will this 
figure apply, but to Him who is 
*Mbe root and offspring of 
David, and the bright an^ morn>l 
ing-star. Blessed Jesus,*' 

K^ More tlian thyself thou canst not give, 
And I can want no more :" 

" I shall be satisfied when I 
awake in thy likeness." 

There is miich contained in 
this Epistle to the church at 
Tbyatira^ which it is all-import- 
ant for every church, and every 
individual Christian, to *' mark, 
learn, and inwardly digest.** Still 
the Son of God walketh in the 
midst of his golden candlesticks, 
"searching the reins and the 
heart;'' commending what is 
good, censuring what is wicked, 
whether in principles or actions ; 
punishing the impenitent with 
death, and rewarding humble 
and upright believers with the 
testimony of his approbation here, 
and with life and immortality 
hereafter. Again he repeats his 



solemn and- afre<}tionafe advice — 
his supreme and authoritative 
command : O ! that all Chris- 
tians may not only carefully listen 
to it, but practically regard -it: 
i— '* He that hath an bar, 
let him 'hear what the 
Spirit saith unto 'thb 
Churches." 

Iota, 



Reply to an Article in J he Con- 
. gregational Mag4izine of h$t 
Month. 



To the Editor of the Baptist Magazine, 

Sir, ' 

I hope you will grant me the 
favour of replying, through your 
medium, to .some remarks in the 
Congregational Magazine of this 
month, p. 179, 180'. Many of 
your readers, I doubt not, read 
also the Congregational Maga- 
zine: these will ueed no expla- 
nation' of the reason of address- 
ing this letter to i/ou. To others 
it may be necessary to state, that 
a paper, with the signature Se- 
lah, appeared in the Congrega- 
tional Magazine for March, con- 
taining animadversions on a pasr 
sage in a Tract which I published 
some months since, entitled, 
"The Argument in support of 
Infant Baptism from the Co- 
venant of Circumcision examined, 
and shewn to be Invalid;'' in 
which I noticed some expressions 
in the 127th Hymn, 2d Book, of 
Dr. Watts, entitled, " Circumci- 
sion and baptism. Written only 
for those who practise the bap- 
tism of infants/' To Sblah's 
paper I replied. The Editors of 
the Congregational Magazine ad- 
mitted my reply, intimated that 
their pages could not be open to 
farther discussion on this point, 



198 RSi;itY TO THE COMGRBGATIONAl MAGAZINE^ 



and» MfiMMQg Ike character of 
umpireg^ offered their rcnarksoa 
my aoswer to Sblah. Permit 
me now to say, — 

The questioD at lAsue is not 
correctly staled by the Editors ; 
they put it in this form : '* Did 
Dr. Watts < intend' to advo- 
cate the doctrine of baptbmal 
regeneration ? Mr. Kinghom, in 
his pamphlet, has asserted that 
he did, and appeal* to this hymn 
for proof," The fact is this, I 
had smdy that ** the defence of 
iafiint baptism, from the rite of 
circumcision, favours the doctrine 
of baptismal regeneration/' I 
noticed several things which 
shew, that the arguments for in- 
fant baptism lead to the conclu- 
sion, tliat a portion of grace, or 
spiritual beoefit, is given by bap^ 
tism, which would not be pos- 
sessed without it. I afterwards 
saj, *' if it is intimated that some 
spiritual advantage is bestowed 
by that means, does it not impfy 
the principle of baptismal regene- 
ration ? Does it at aU stop short 
of what our established church 
asserts and defends 1" I then 
added, " Among the proofs that 
may be adduced on this point, 
there is one in Dr» Watts's hymns, 
which many may have over- 
looked.*' The hymn is then co- 
pied, and it is added ; — *' Now 
we ask any unbiassed person the 
plain question: Taking tliis 
hymn, with its title, can we sup- 
pose that it was not intended to 
favour the idea that some spiri- 
tual blessings was conveyed hy 
baptism, or by the supposed co* 
venant of which it was the initia- 
tory sign ? If this is not ad- 
mitted, what ejcplanation can be 
given of it r 

Here let it be observed how I 
used the word intended, solely in 
reference to the question, whe- 
ther Dr. Watts's hymn was not 

■ 



intended to favour the idea of 
spiritual blessings being conveyed 
by baptism. The Editors of the 
Congregational Magazine putting 
the word intended tinder inverted 
commas, and, in this instaBee^ in 
capitals, as if they were quoting 
what I had said, connect it with 
a different position. They aay^ 
the question at issue is, *'Did 
Dr. Watts * intend' to advocate 
the doctrine of baptismal regene«- 
ration T I use the term ** tn- 
tended" in relation to a different 
thing. 

If it is replied, that I had 
stated that ** the defence of in« 
iant baptism from the rite of cir- 
cumcision /nvotirs the doctrine of 
baptismal regeneration ;" and that 
I had said — ti sptdtual advantage 
b bestowed by baptism, '* does it 
not imply the pri n ciple of bap- 
tismal regeneration V I grant it : 
and, if Pasdohaptism inv^ves the 
consequences which I had briefly 
stated, and which led even Dr. 
Watts to write in such a manoet 
as he did, it lies on the supporters 
of that system, either to shew 
that the expressions used by Dr. 
Watts, and many others, which 
seem to say that spiritual bless- 
ings were conveyed by baptism, 
meant no such thing; or, if this 
cannot be effected, they should 
put the defence of the system on 
an entire new footing, leaving out 
every thing^that was likely to sug- 
gest such an idea; but, if this is 
not done, and Paedobaptisin is 
defended on the old grounds, 
then it appears to me, that it se- 
riously becomes them to inquire, 
calmly and fully, whether the 
idea that some spiritual advan- 
tage is bestowed by means of 
baptism, ** does not imply the 
principle of baptismal regenera- 
tion V* The principle may be 
applied in oue case farther than 
in another, and yet the same 



BAPI.Y TQ TH& CONG !!£•(; ATIONAI4 MAtJASINB. IQD 



principit nay be operative in 
h«lh. 1 sug^esteA Uw inqairy, I 
did not ptiftue it In the invetti- 
gatiott ef Cliis subjeut, it would 
be jiecetMiry to examsoe what the 
authors of the Liturgy nemnt 
when they called baptism rege-- 
turati^n; and whether there it 
not a gpeater difference of temu 
than «f ideas» between Church- 
uen and Piedebaptist Diften* 
tefs. I aoi satisfied that strong 
proof may be adduced that the 
real senthnents of /Uie latter^ (un- 
less tbey Materially change their 
ground,) cone nearer the doc- 
trme ici the fistablishment than 
many auspect. 

. I« reply to SsLAH, who de- 
feAded Dr. Watts, on the princi* 
pie >lhat his .poetry was a para- 
phrase on the acrtptural prose, I 
made aamc observations to shew, 
that his defence was not valid. 
Ftorl these the Editors attempt 
to escape, by a aide wind. They 
represent me as stating, that the 
scfiptufes quoted by Sblah w£» 
forded no pvoof of the baptism 
of mfnafs ; .but they say, these 
passages wete mdeatly quoted 
hy JS^hf Ao afaeiw, that the le- 
feroBoe 10 them " to cireumci* 
sion,4o the lOffspriBig of belteven, 
aad to haptiw ilself» so closely 
correspofMls with the Docleir's 
h}-inQ, that if the one .affords a 
fiveiof of * intending^ to leach 
baptismal Tegeneratiaa, so does 
the othec'V In this observatien, 
their main, object appears to me 
to relate to one passage quoted 
by StKLiAH, which was, / will 
pmr my ^drU upon iky 9eed\ 
and my blUmng s^pon thme ^ 
^prktg, lisa. shy. d. On this ap- 
plication of 4he Prophet's lan- 
f uage» 1 4aid, *' By quoting these 
words in support of Dr. Watts's 
' referenoe to baptism,' he 
{SGi«AH]of course supposes that 
Ifae pro|phei.*y referivd to the bap- 



tism of infanta*. He must, tneie- 
foi«, in consblency with the ex- 
pressioas quoted, suppose, that 
God's Spirit and his blessing are 
poured out on baptieed iBfaoti : 
and; if so, I ask, what are the 
blessings intended. 1" The ques- 
tion was as plain as I could make 
it ; and the reply of the Editors 
is, (as we have seen) that ** ifiht 
one affords a proof of intending 
to teach baptismal regeneration^ 
«o does the other." This I grants 
bat no attempt is made to prove 
that such an application of I he 
prophecy is correct; and my 
question, which was. What are 
the blessings intended? is still 
vfiflnsuiervdf; and, unless it fall 
into other hands, unmutcered, I 
apprehend, it nuist remain. 

One passage I objected to, as 
peculiarly uuappropriate, viz. the 
address of Ananias loSaul^ Arue, 
and he baptized^ mnd wash away 
thy stns. Here the Editors sug- 
gest a doubt whether it applies 
4o baptism sat all ! <' If it 4loesr 
they say, ^ it either proves bap- 
tismal regeneration to be a scsip* 
tmral doctcine, or else the princi«* 
pies by which that notion may be 
Airly and consistently avoided, 
exonerate the Doctor's hymn 
from Mr. Kinghom's charge.'' 
But the pasnge proves no such 
thing; it deariy shews that Saul 
was directed to be bapAiaed, be* 
cause he was regenentted, not 
that by baptism he might he se* 
generated. 

" If, however," they add, " as 
Mr. Kingbaen asserts, an adult 
may, by biqptisn^ have his sins 
figuraAivdy washed away, so may 
an ittfiuit; except, as the pie- 
ceding<letlcri»jp«ai?s t9 inmnuate, 
lAkt efficacy of the rite depend 
€81 the age or .aiae of. the candi- 
date." After thii -singular deeia- 
ration, some of your readers, 
who may noit have seen the Con* 



200 BRPLY TO' THB pONGREGATIONAL MAGiaiNB. 



gregational MagaaiAe^ may ask 
what I have saiil? I wUI tdl 
them : I said, -'* A • regenerate 
man, brought to believe io Christ, 
as the effect of regenerating grace, 
and baptized on a profession of 
his faith, may, in a figurative 
sense, be said tp have his sins 
washed away ; but how this ex- 
pression dan apply to the baptism 
of infants, and justify the terms 
used by Dr. Watts, I know not." 
Whether this is an insinuation 
that the efficacy of baptism de- 
pends on the age or size of the 
candidate, I leave any one to de- 
termine. 

' I am accused of avoiding, ra- 
ther than of fairly meeting, Sb- 
LAH's arguments. It seems I 
should have examined Dr. Watts's 
works on the subject first. Had 
1 done so, it then might hav^ 
been said, I avoided the argu- 
inents which Selah brought in 
support of the Doctor. But I did 
MpT avoid any argument whieh 
Sblah exhibited, and, in answer- 
ing Atm, I was not bound to do 
more. — But, then, — I *• diverged 
into the general questions of in- 
fant baptism, and strict com- 
munion, which have no more to 
<1q with the point in dispute than 
the man in the moon." In reply- 
ing to a paper on infant baptism, 
eomething on that subject was 
unavoidable ; if I said any thing 
improper, it should be pointed 
out; and, as for strict conuniinion, 
I .grant that had nothing to do 
with the poiut in hand, but who 
brought it forward, and compelled 
me to notice it? Sblah. Had 
it not been for what he thought 
proper to assert, I should not 
have introduced it; but now, it 
seems, I am blamable for defend- 
ing myself! Sblah, in quoting 
the misrepresentations of an op- 
ponent, might have known, (if he 
uoderstauds the subject,) that he 



was appealing tb an aoUiority 
which 1 should not admit; tfnd 
in myquotinga sentence frdm Dr. 
Watts, I was surely on allowable 
ground; only, unfortonatelyy it 
told on the wrong side ! - 

The Editors, next spy, •* Mr, 
K. demands an answer to the 
question, whether any spiritual 
blessing is either conveyed by 
baptism or connected with it? 
But, as^ he had no right to ask 
that question, Selah 'was not 
bound to answer it. Yet, if it 
will relieve his solicitude, we will 
take upon us to say; no; at 
least, none necessarily, any more 
than any other mere means of 
grace/' Passing ^ther things, 
L must observe, my question is 
only quoted in part. Summiag 
up what appeared to me the 
amount of the debate, and, adi> 
verting to Selah's mode ' of 
writing, I said, he ** would have 
done better, had he replied* to 
my question, and told us whether 
am/ spiritual blessing is either 
conveyed by the baptism of in- 
fants, or connected rwith it, or 
not. If, there i s^ sueh a hUmng^ 
in any nmy transmitted^ what is 
it 1 7/* NOT, whut 4$ the metmmg 
of the expressions-^ msed^ lekhsr hy 
Dr. Watts or hi$ advocate? The 
wJiole related to the single point, 

(he INTBRPRBTATIOK of the 

language of the hymnr ; and, with 
that end. in .view, the question 
was fieiir and necessary, nor could 
the 8ttbject.be discussed urithont 
entering upon it. 

Now how do the Editors reply? 
'* If it will relieve bis solicitude, 
we win take upon us to say, no." 
So far appears plain. . But it ir ad- 
ded, <*at least none neceasarihfJ* 
It seems, then, there may be some 
spiritual benefits conveyed by in- 
fant baptism, or connected with 
it, though not necessarily con- 
uected with it. It is then farther 



KEPLT TO THE COMOHKOATION it MA6AZINX. 991 

added, " iay mon Unn wtth bqji ivoidably occur. What it taemt 

olber meic neani of gncc." lii- by tbeir being iprinkled with 

GM>t b^ptiun, according to ibetn, Cbrial'i blood 1 In ibe foimer 

is it means of grace; — of vrbat lijmn, tbe iiifluencc of |b« Spirit 

grace then, ii it Ibe meani 1 Still ii ducribed u ^ectivt ; What 

tbe (jueslion returns, (and, afler does the SAUK Spirit {^m( ia 

alt, it is the Dressing point,) on the c»e of baptised infknii t 

these principles, bow is Dr. This is the point which ought to 

Watts'slanguBgetobeespIained? have been explained ; — but it i». 

Would the Editors, or would Se- mot explained, it is sToided. , 
lib, in order lo convey their For Ihe purpose of conricting . 

sentiments reipecling Ihe advan- me, Ihe Editon say, that my 

tages of infant baptism, quote giving Dr. Watts full credit for 

this hymn of Dr. Watts, ana tay, ibe encetlent evangelical seuti- 

Ihere our views are cltarlif aid meats expressed in Hymn 05, 

precuely exhibited t 1st Buok, " though elicited by a 

1 am represented as baving croH-examination, niustsattsfyan 

undergone a cross-examination; impartial jury that ibe poet is 

I was not aware of it. But, if not guilty of < intending' to ai- 

that part of Selah's letter, to cribe rq^eneration lo the baplit- 

which the Editors refer, be a mal ceremony." 
cnt»'!e]MimiBation, I wonder tkey Wiihoutany crosi-eiami nation, 

do not fed it. The95lh Hymn, I acknowledged Dr. Watts's ex- 

l|t ^ook, wat, by Selab, object- iiellent evangelical sentiment*, 

ed against me, and copied. md I also added, Ibat a " very 

There we find these words, Eood and useful man, wbicb Dri 

u>n. o , J, i-L I ... "atts eminently was, may not tl- 

"n« Spirit, ItkeaomaheaTenl* winil, ^,... l ■ ;.„, .'.,i, £■ ,1,,, 

Blows oDlliewDa or flesh, *ajs be consistent with himself. 

New models all the carnal mind', ^ince the Editors have lakeD tbe 

Aad foimi the man afresh." ilfair out of Sklah's hands, they 

Here the word, are plain, and '"">»'''/'»>'" '"'« (""^Ml-* 

.1.- — :•■ __ .u £ ■ ■. consistency, or acknowledged bis 

k.™bj«..ofh„ op.„l,.„,.,d ,e„i„g|,i, .„r.l«nli»„»t.;- 
■l.J..,.n■,ddIlng of Ih. ™„,1 i,„,,h|j|,i,don,n.i,l,.,. 
raiod, and tbe renewal of tbe n fu- 1. .l 1. 

IhU i, totelligibie. Con,p.re «°™ : 'I 'J ■»<l ?' ''j? •"«"? ■ 

»gu,„''f,..H,..i.,,B«.k=. ;ruiTr.';,ri';."a:,b" 

"Th*ii«edU«prmkIedwithhi.bl«Kl, »PP'yj' *» P"POSItlOilJ of their 

His Spirit on tbeii of^ring ihed, own forming. Let the reader 

Ukewaier poDi'd upon the head," keep in mind the manner In which 
I used tile word intended, and 

Here, as in the former hymn, ihen let him draw liis own con- 

Ihe Spint is the agent, hut, in elusions. Had these Editors 

Ihis case, infants are the sub- proved that the controverted ex- 

.lecls; aod they are said to be pressionsin theHvran were"NOt 

■pnnbled with the blood of intend€d to favMr the idea that 

Christ. The queslioos then un- ^me ipiritual blemng wa» eon- 



202 MISCELLANBA. 



vtyed hy baptism f** I would retract 
ivhat I have said ; but, till that is 
done, it shall remain ; — what I 
have written^ I have written : and 
I cannot help suspecting^ from 
their whole manner, that the Edi- 
tors feel the difficulty in' which 
they are placed ; for, had they 
been able to give a clear, straight- 



forward interpretation *of Dr. 
Watts's expressions, in opposition 
to my question, they would have 
done so. 

1 am, Sir, 

Yours, &c« 

Joseph Kinguorn^ 

Norwich, April 7, 1824. 



;^ts;cellanea. 



A NONCONFORMIST HERO. . 

The name of Mr. Francis Smith mi^ht be seen on the title-page of 
maoy of the Dissenters' Publications at the period referred to. One of 
his trials for selling these proscribed works is preserved in that Constitu- 
tional work, ** The State Trials.'^ He was a Baptist of the General De- 
nomination. Mr. Cox, one of his descendants, who restored the stone, 
was a deacon of the church in Eagle-street. The descendants of Mr. 
Smith are still found among the Baptists, who think of their progenitor 
with more respect than if he had been the monarch, at the time when bis 
persecutions were sanctioned by the Crown, aud ordered by a corrupt 
JBench. 

MR. FRANCIS SMITH, 

Late of London, Bookseller, 

(Whose grateful Memory may this Stone perpetuate) 

During the Reign of Tyranny and Oppression, 

In the 17tLi Century, 

for 

Urging the Frequency of Parliaments, 

and 

Publishing the Sentiments of Freemen. 

Suffered much 

By Fines, corporal Punishments, 

and 

Forty-one Imprisonments : 

Unremitted Severity 

Necessarily much impaired his Constitution; 

yet 

This Spot did not receive him. 

Till Heaven, by the Hand of 

The Glorious Kinp^ William, 

Had restored to his (almost ruined) Country 

The Rights of Men, of Christians, and of Britons. 

He died 

Keeper of the Custom House to that great Prince, 

22nd December, 1C91. 

This Tomb was restored hy his Dci^ccndant, Thomas Cox, Citizen of 

London, 1761. 
Who hopes to rest with bis Family in tho sunie Place. 



MISCELLANEA. 



Aiuedote of Dr. John Otcen. 

In CoUod Hathet'i Life. oS the 
tenerable' Eliot,' (th« sposUe to the 
Indiant,) Ibere in bd extract from a 
letter to Mr. Eliot, from Dr. Owen, 
whicb gives a higher (liiplHj of hit 
Iraly Chriiliiui spirit, than auj 
tfainf I remember to have leen 
respecting him. Some axpressions 
in bii " Excercitalions on the 
Loril's-daj," had given oBenoe to 
Mr. Eliot, towboji) he thus replied: 
— " I suppose there is scarce anv 
one alive in the world, who ham 
inoTe reproachtt Cisl upon him than 
I have ; Ihongh hitherto God bai 
been pleased, in tome measure, to 
tnpiwrt m; spirit under tbeoi. I 
. ititi relieved mjself by this, that my 
poor endeavours have found accept- 
ance with the churches of Christ; 
that my boly, wise, and gracious 
Father see* it meet to try me in this 
matter also ; and what I have re- 
ceived from yuu, (which, it may be, 
contains not your sense Blone,)hath 
printed deeper, and left a grealei 
impression upon my mind, than all 
the Ttralent reviliagi, and false ac- 
cusations, 1 have met wilhal from 
mj professed adversaries. I da ac- 
kaowledgo unto yoa, that I have i 
dry and barren spirit, and I dc 
]ieartily lieg your prayers, that thi 
Holy One would, notwilhstandint 
all ray Moful provocations, water roi 
from above; but (hat I should no* 
l>c apprehended to have given t 
vound nnlo holiness in the churches 
'lit one of tht laddeit frowju in tK 
claudi/ brotci nf Divine Providaice. 
" I'be doctrine of the Sabbath '. 
have asaerled, though not asit shouh 
be done, yet as well as 1 could 
The observation of it, in holy duliet 
Unto the utmost of the strength fo 
Ihem, which God should be pluasei 
to give us, I have pleaded for; Ih 
necessity also of a serious piepara 
tion for i(, in sundry previous ituliei 
I have declared. But now, to met 
^vlth severe expressions — it may h 
'lis the will ofGod,that vigoar shoul 
lie given to my former discouragi 
munts, and that there is a call in i 
to surcease from these kind of Ie 

Is not this an exposition of whi 
Paul calls " the meekness ^d gei 
lleness of Christ r \. 



Ineedott of tht veturahlt Eliot 
of America, 

Hi9 Biographer says, " He liked 
o preaching but what bad been 
rellstndied fw ; and be would very 
luch commend a sermon which bo 
ould nnrceivo had required some 
iMtd MinAii^ and redditig in th« 
^ithoTofit. 1 have beard him thns 
spreis himself: * Brother, there 
^BB oil required for the service of 
he sanctuary; but it was to be 
■eaten mI ; I praise God that I law 
'our oil so well l>eaten to.^ay : the 
Ijord help us always, by good study, 
o beat our oil, that there may be 
M> knots in our sermons left nndis- 
lolved, and that there may be » 
ilear light thereby given to the 
louse of God !' He likewise looked 
'or something in a sermon beside, 
ind beycHid the mere stndyof man; 
10 was for having tlie Sjiiril i^Gad 
lireathing in it, and with it; and bo 
was for speaking those things hom 
those impresnons, and with those 
affections, which might compel the 
hearer to say, Tht Spirit of Gad w 
here ! 1 have heard him complain, 
' It is a sad thing when a seroMD 
iliall have this one thing, ike Spirit 
aff God, wanting in it' " 

Life 0/ Eliot, Ay Cotton Mather, 
3rd Edition, Loudon, IGM. 



A Ckriiliaa'i Ntcewary Guidrt. 



" A Christian, in all bis ways, 
must have threeguides: truth, cha- 
rity, wisdom. Tratb to go before 
him: charity and wisdom on either 
hand. If any of the three be absent, 
he walks amiss. 1 have seen some 
do hurt by following a truth uncha- 
ritably. And others, while they 
would salve up an error with love, 
have failed in their wisdom, and of- 
fended a g^ainst justice. A charita- 
ble untruth, and an uncharitable 
truth, and an unwise managing of 
truth or love, are all to be carerulty 
avoided of him that would go with ■ 
right foot in the narrow way." 

Biih-p Hall. 



^4 



^ttuat^ anti Hecettt Brat|^. 



MR. W. KlNGSLEYi 



November 6, 1899^ ilied at 
Boftrdftoroft, Mar Trinfr, Harts, Mr. 
W. Kingsli^^ agad tJlirl^-fenr yaan. 
Ha was born at Piirtoii» near Hlt^ 
MUf and lived a stranger to tlM 
ipower of religion till about five 
jears since, when bo was seined 
witb. a dangerons ilbiess, and be- 
came mnch alarmed. A pions 
young relative visited him in bis a^ 
tliction, and proposed prayer, to 
which he assented, snd eagerly in* 
quired at the dose *' where he bad 
learned to pray thus?*' — which gave 
rise to serious conversation, and left 
him thougbtfuL With returning 
health, he, however, again became 
careless, till it pleased the Father 
of Spirits to repeat the stroke of 
i^Uction; at which period the agony 
of mind be suffered, from conviction 
of sin, was dreadful, and frequently 
caused the pempiratioii to roll from 
bis face, as be sat enoiroled by bis 
family* At length be obtained 
peace of mind, through a believing 
\iew of him, who ^* came to seek 
and to save that which was lost." 
Religion now took posseisiun of his 
soul, and he seemed to live onfy to 
glorUy God. He attended the mi- 
nistry of the word at New Mill, and 
was baptised in May, 1^0. He 
continued an eminently useful and 
honourable member of that church 
till his decease. Concern for his 
own welfare induced him to feel 
for the salvation of others; and sel- 
dom bad he an ojq|)ortunity of con- 
versing with a fellow-creature on 
divine subjects, without embracing 
it The- writer of this will never 
forget with what pious pleasure he 
lised to relate to him the success 
attending any of these attempts to 
do good. Mr. G. Kingsley, an elder 
birotber, resident at the adjoining 
farm, was induced, by him, to be- 
come a constant attendant on the 
mean^k of graec, and to give the 



most cherring proof of de^otedness 
to G^d. Partakers of the same pre- 
cious fiilth, these two brothers be- 
came an example to all around, in 
tbeir pious conversation, strict inte- 
grity, and ardent zeal for the pro- 
motfon of the gospel In the adjacent 
villages. Their attention to the 
spiritual welfare of their servants 
and labourers is worthy of Imita- 
tion ; when the weather was unfa^ 
vonrahle, during bay-time, they 
would assemble them in a barn, 
and read the sacred scriptures, and 
other religious books to them { of- 
ten, too, might they be seen sitting 
under a hedge, reading the message 
of mercy to the poor, but grateAil, 
labourer. A career, so honourable 
and useful, was but short; the bro- 
thers, '* lovely and pleasant in tbeir 
lives," in death were not long to 
be divided. Mr. G. Kingsley was 
taken ill of tyiihns. fever, and died 
in a few days, ** calling upon God;* 
his brother, though poorly, waswi11| 
bim in his illness, and at his death; 
from which painfiil scene be retired 
to bis own* home, where he imme^ 
diately became confined to bis room, 
and, after a fortnight's severe suf- 
fering, also expired. The state of 
bis mind, under affliction, was re- 
markably happy; when visited by 
bis pastor, he found bim engaged ia 
spiritual conversation, and bTs soul 
apparently absorbed in divine ^fib^ 
jeots. On receiving a little refresbr 
ment, he raised himself fV-om hilt 
pillow, and, witb fervour, entreated 
that whether he ate, or drank, of 
whatsoever be did, might be done 
to the glory of God. When asked 
If willing to die, be replied, '' Ob 
yes! I cry. Come, Lord Jesus, 
come quickly ! I long to be going-^ 
there wiW be no sin— <Aere will be 
such blessed and glorious company 
— t/iere Jesus is.'' When reminded 
of the Lord's goodness to him, ^* O 
yes," said be, **• I deserved the hot- 
test hell, but the Lord had mercy 
on me." On being visited again, hi& 



fllilTOARV. M5 

convewalion pro*e<l Itol li« h«d MRS. MARY I'OnTEB. 

tmlBlncd A Mvere oonflict witli tbo 

enemy of wult, of whose " fiery Mug, Mary Porter died Febraary 

darii* h« complaineil ; jat h'ti con- a, 1834. It appnin tbkt, about flf- 

fldence was •trnng — h« adverted ^g^„ y^ari Ago, she wu in compauy 

with ilronK feeliojc to tbe nbeerinc wiifa a very piout friend, (a deacon 

inWlation, " Look unto im-, and be of iho cli(ircfa Ihen meeting in 

je saved," &o. as a {iCciiliar source Pouiiders' Hall,) who proposed to 

of consolation to him. Hemtnested ]j„ tdjg important qaeslion, "Do 

Ibat the Sib Chapter of Romans joa love the Savionr of sinnCn V 

Riiiclitberettd, aDdat ihe Uthvers*. |t pieued Ibe Lord, in inflnito 

■■ For as many as arc led by the mercy, to impress Ibis inquiry with 

Spirit of God," &c. he esclaimeil pnweriipun her mind. Shetpsolrcd, 

wirh energy — " Via ; tliey are so. fmni tb»t lime, !o hear aome minis- 

1 Itnow that I am not a hypocrite." 1,.^ „),o preac;hed Jesns Cbiist. 

His pastor now commeaded him. Under tbe direction of Dinne Pro- 

' and his belSved wife and cliildren, lo vidence, she was led to hear theRer. 

Cod; at lbs close of which, per- Dp. Rjppon. She has renorded on* 

oeiving the emolioni of sorrow, q,. t^o passagei of tbe sacred word 

vhiub marked ciery countenance, ofGod, which wore peculiarly pre- 

he cndeavoared to remove il, by di- cious to her at that season; wnich 

reeling Ibem to Jcsns, as the c^ie lo ber not In word only, bnt 

"friend, the betler friend, wbom with power. Isa- i- 18, " Come 

tbcy would atill bave lufU" Hii re- now, and let ns reason ioKetber, 

fard for others' eternal interests was ^aith tlia Lord^ thoa^h your tins 

strouK in death ; on being asked if |,c g, scarlet, they ifaall he as white 

tliera were any passage be would as snow; thoagh they be red like 

dioose as bis funeral test, " Yes," crimson, tbcy shall be as wool." 

said be, " And the times of Ibis ig- Also Malt xi. 28, '* Come unto mc, 

Dorance God winked at, but now all ye that labour and are heavy 

commandetfa all men every where laden, and I will give yon rnt?' 

lo repent" — Asking for the Bible, tjhe was ted to see tbe absolute no- 

that he might point ool to his mi- cesiKy of a true knowledge of the 

nislcr porlinna that bad been conso- Savionr, as be is revealed in the sn- 

latnry tu him, on receiving it, " Oh ! crcd scriptures, before there can b« 

how cold it is !" said he ; and clap- any genuine love to him, according 

plug hit hand to bis forehead, seem- to the Inngusge of the Psalmi!)! : 

ed to feel bis mental powers giving " They that know Ihy name, will 

way. After this there were but few put their troBt in thee." Thus, by 

lucid intervals, in each of which he the Influence and teaching of 1h« 

seemed engaged in sacrei inter- Spirit of truth, she was led lo see, 

course with God, till at length be that it wis not only tbe duty, but 

fell asleep in Jesus. Each of the tfa« privilege, of those who reallj 

brothers left a widow aivl five chil- love the Saviour, to keep bis oom- 

dren to mourn their loss. Numbers mandments. Under Ihtse seriona 

Were collected to hear the funeral and delightful impressioDS, she 

sermons of these amiahle men. made a publio professton of ber 

llay the impressiou then made no- faith in the Lord Jesus, and was re- 

ver be eftced ! May the widows ceived into lollowriiip with tho 

and falherless find help in Crod, and church of Christ meeting in Carter- 

Ihe nnmerous relatives, together )ane, in 181% in tbe twenty-third 

with every reader of the above, year of ber age, where she continued 

"become followers of them, who a member about aeTcu years. After 

thmtigh faith and patience now in- her marriage she wa> dismissed lo 

bfiit the promises." Cbnrch - street, Blackfriars - road, 

D. C. wbereshe continued to attend ^»iit 
five years. She has left a most 

IWnCr Hrrfi. pleasing and satisfactory tealimunj, 
that she baa ^Mard tlie f renooa 
trDtbiorthegaqxil Sroa Sabbath to 



ao6 



REVIEW. 



SabhMh, not only with pleasure, 
but witli peculiar profit Many texts 
she has recorded, as Mark v« 16, 
&o. " A.Dd they come to Jesus, and 
jiee him that was possessed with the 
devil, and had the ie^on, sittino^, 
and clothed, and in bis right mind : 

Go home to thy firieuds, and tell 

them how great things the Lord 
bath done for thee, and hath had 
cximpassion upon ihee/' And 2 



Thess. ii. 16, 17; "Now oar Lord 
Jesus Christ himself, and God, even 
our Father, which hath loved ns, 
and liath given us everlasting con- 
SGlation and good hope through 
grace. Comfort your hearts, and 
.stablish you in every good word and 
work/' This was doctrine in which 
ber soul delighted. She was ena- 
bled, by Divine teaching, to re- 
nounce all dependence upon crea- 
ture merits, and rest wholly upon 
the person and work of Jesus 
Christ for salvation. 

In former times of sickness, she 
had expressed great fear of death ; 
but in this sickness, which was unto 
death, through rich, free, and sove- 
reign favour, she has been enabled, 
in the language of holy triumph, to 
nsk, '' O death, where is thy sting ! 
O grave where is thy victory V She 
said, in one instance, *^ I hope you 
are lookiug to the Physician of 
soiiJs, who will order all things for 
our good.'' There was a season, of 



short duration, when slie oomphuned 
of darkness of mind ; but she soon 
found peculiar delight in that sweet 
invitation, Isa. L 18. She expressed 
a wUh that they might be the words 
from which her funeral sermon 
should be preached. 

Just before her departure she was 
perfectly collected ; when ahe awoke 
in a happy frame of miud, and said, 
'' Bless the Lord, I have had a very 
comfortable night, and I have a 
delightful tale to tell you — Christ is 
precious to me. Is Christ precioos 
to you V* And then fell asleep in the 
arms of Jesus, about eight o'clock 
on Monday morning, February 9, 
1824. 



REV. JOHN KEEBLE. 



The Rev. John Keeble, between 
twenty and thirty years the highly 
esteemed pastor of the Baptist 
Church, meeting in Blandford-street, 
London, died on Friday evening, 
the 10th ult at his house atFolham, 
in the sixty-fourth year of his age. 
On the lOtb, be was brought to the 
Chapel in Blandford-street, when, 
after an address by Mr. Pritchanl of 
Keppel-street, he was interred in 
Mary-le-bone Burial-gronnd. It is 
hoped that a more enlarged accoant 
will be shortly supplied. 



3Ele\)telD. 



An Account ofUie American Mission 
to tlte Bvrfiian Empire : in a Series 
of Letters addressed to a Gentle- 
man in Lonrfon , by Ann H, Judson, 
London : Butterworlh & Son, 43, 
Flqet-strcet. 8vo. 326 pp. Pricfe 
l^s. 

That " the dark places of the 
earth are full of the habitations of 
crq Ity,'' is a sentiment frequently 
expressed^ and the correctness of 
Which onr judgments fully approve; 
but which we never utter with suit- 
able sentiments, or proper emotions. 
In order to this, persons must live 
-among idolators* and, even ^icn, 
tinlcss their hearts are under the 



full influence of Christian princi- 
ples, to conceive, in some measure, 
of the worth of the soul, and the so- 
lemnuess of eternity, they will not 
feel all its awful emphasis, nor at- 
tach to tlie words their appropriate 
meaning. No one can conceive of 
the more than Egyptian darkness 
in which millions of our fellow- 
creatures are living; no one can 
enumerate the instruments of 
chielty which are to be found in 
those habitations, from which the 
knowledge of the gospel is exclud- 
ed, and where the living and true 
God is not worshipped. As proper 
sentiments and feelings on these 



mthjectB, aland in connection wit 
file exertkmi whidi are neceisnr 
ta promote pi am or aiisiiimiu'y Ic 
boar, and tu iDpply the faniti re 
qninte fur carrying tlieni into effce: 
we rejoice in the appcKrnnce of 
pnbttcalioB tike that before m 
Wrillen by a piooB femate, wb( 
with her lettimalfle and zealoashai 
band, bare been, since the year 1813 
employed as Mitsionaries at Ran 
scon, io the Burman empire : ai 
emiiire, at present, about 1200 mile 
in length, and 800 or 900 in lii 
broadest pari. It is tiliiatetl be 
Iveen India-proper and China; am 
contains a populalioD estimated a 
about nineteen millions! 

Mrs. Jadson sayii, in dcsoribinj 
the moral state of these people : 

" The Bnrmans are a nation o 
alheists. The; believe thit existenc 
JnTotves in itself the priaciplea n 
misery and destmctton : censeqnently 
there is no eternal Ood. The lrho(< 
soiferse, say Ihey, is only deatmotiai 
and reprodnctioB. It, therefore, be 
Domes a wise man to raise hia desirei 
abore all tilings that exiaC, and aspin 
la Nifban, the state in which there i] 
no existence, ttenards and ponish 
ments follow meritorioiia and »infu: 
acta, agreeably to the nature of things 
Gandama, Iheir last Boodh, or deity 
in consequence of meritorious acU 
arrived at that state of perfection, 
which made him deserving of annihila- 
tion — the lupreme good. His instrnc- 
tjons are still in force, and will con- 
tinue till the appearance of the next 
deity, who is supposed to exist some- 
where now in embryo, and who, when 
he appears, as the molt perfect of at] 
beings, will introduce a new dispea- 
laUon. The Boodhisi system of mo- 
rality is pure, though it isdestilate oi 
pacer to produce purity of life ia those 
that profess it." 

When it is furlher known, that 
tbese erroneous sentiolents are held 
and maintained liy men nraong 
Ihem, who are powerfnl logicians, 
and who ure capable of defending 
them with mdcb ingenirily, it will 
be leen that the Prince of Darkncsg 
bas entrenched himself here in his 
■Irongest holds. Added to Ibis, the 
nonarch absolole, naprioious and 
cruel, '* the lord nf life and death," 
is very tenacious tor |iresetring Ihe 



reli^on of it* emplrt, and II ia 
a capital crime to attempt, without 
Ills knowledge, to introduoe auy 
other; when Ihese things are consir 
dered, it forms an interesting object 
to find these tWo excellent persons. 
sitting down, resolving to obtain 
an ocquaintlnce with their Un- 

faage,notwilhslandingJanamei^ble 
jfficullies, in order that they might 
givetbeBarmana the holy scfiptn res, 
and then speak to Ihem, in their 
own tongne, of the wonderfhl works 
of God. It is remarkably gratifying 
to find, that, aRor Ibeir patience 
had been tried to the utmost, and 
they had often feared no Burman 
would be brongfat to the knowledge 
ftflhe truth, that (beir prayers were 
at length answered, and their de- 
sires granleil ; so that, at the close 
of the year 1B22, eighteen personi 
had made a credible profession or 
their repentance towanls God, and 
faith towardsour Lord Jesus Christ: 



place where Satan's seat is, which, 
there is reason to hope, will be en- 
larged by constant additions, and 
perpelnaled even to the end of 
lime. 

The sensations felt by Mr. Hud- 
son, on discovering the first bopcfut 
evidences orrenewio2graoe,npanlbe 
mind of a Biirman, cannot be con- 
ceived. He Ihns writes, 

" Mtf B, ISig. — Maung has 
neen with me several hours ; I be- 
5in to think the grace of God has 
reached bis heart. Ha expresses sen- 
limenta of repentance for bis sins, and 
Taith in the Saviour. The substance of 
lis profession is, that, from all the 
larkness and nacleaaaesses and sins 
ifhiswholeliTeihe has found no other 
Saviour but JesusChiiit ; no where else 
:aB he look for salvation ; and, there- 
ore, he proposes to adhere to Christ, 
md worship him all his life long. 

" It aeems almost too much to be- 
ieve, that God has begun to manifest 
lis grace to tiieBurmaDS; but this day 
could not resist the delightful con- 
iction that this is really the oase. 



k EVERMORE. AHKN 



pp. 168, 



80e BEVI 

cdlent work, of llieprt^^raM of the 
work of God in that wretched liind. 
The work U v> [inraly ■niiiionu]', 
■nd (he plkD* and proceedings of 
Uie agentR emptojied m evangelical, 
and «x|M«Hite of lach depmdence 
ttpoD the Holr Spirit of God. that it 
ti nwy delightful and eucoaraging to 
find, ttwl their Itibonn have b«cn 
crowned with sacti signal ncceta. 
Pemting it, revived all the feelings 
which, reading the " Life of Rrain- 
mrd," produced upon our heart; this 
book !■ a luitabie a ceo mpan intent 
for that, and ihonkt aland upon the 
same ihcif with it in the library of 
ever; one who ii detirona that God 
would make " his way known upon 
the earth, and bii aaving health 
among all nations." 

The profits which niaj arise from 
the sale of the publication, " will be 
appropriated to the redemption 
from slavefj and ediicniiun of fe- 
tnalo children, on Mrs. Jnilion'i 
relnrn to Burma h." We moil 
heartily recommend the work, eipe- 
clolly to the perusal of pious fc- 



A Second Seriei ef Itttert to Wm 
Wilbtrfartt, Etq. M.P. and hii 
DtferuUr Mtlajictlion, on tht 
Claimt of the Rmnan Catholiet U 
Ciml «nrf Politieal Power in tU. 
Protttttud Empira. Bg Amicu. 
Protettant. Octavo. 198 pp 
Price 6*. 6d. Simpkin and Mar 
•balL 

The former Series of Letters froa 
this writer to Mr. Wilberforce, wen 
noticed in a former volume of ou 
arork, i writer, under the signa 
tnre of Melancthon, having appear 
rd as the defender of the conduct o 
that Elateaman in Parliament, upoi 
theCatholic Question, bas rumisliei 
Amicus Protestans with plenty c 
employment. To give our readei 
* view of the chief topic of thi 
pimpblel, w« aelcut the fbtlowin 
paragraph: 

" It will ht remembered tbat ti 
leailing tbeorf of Mr. Wilberforce, an 
SleUnctboD, and indeed of almost a 
.their school, is the notion, that if 
Protastant Paili»ment will hot emai 
cipata the nnbappj Roman (.'atbolici 



f gEring then legislativa and esecn- 
ve power. It will, by this act, aepa- 
lie th« RomUh Prieathood (hna the 
aity 1 and that, when thia happy 
lajnnclion shall have been effected, 
le whole Banish body vrill finm to- 
ether a perfectly harmless race of 
nngs, who will no louer fM a di- 
re to aee thetr ovm religion nppei- 
lost, nor thelr'owa friends in power: 
1 short, that both priests and people 
ill be, fVom the moment of emaMcipa- 
on, at oDce incapable of meditatiag 
le destmction of Protestant England, 
nd her raligioD, and unable to ancoM- 
Ush it, if Uiey did." p. 4. 

Amiens Protettana contends, that 
be idea of" kgitlatimg for th» bat) 
lone," is perfectly chimerical; — 
hat the union between the clergy 
nd laity, whUt the latter continue 
tomau Catbolica, is so firm that it 
annot he dissolved i — and the in- 
luence of the former Over the latter 
o strong, that, while that connexion 
«ntinuea, the opinions of the clergy 
vill neoessarily govern the laity, 
in d, therefore, the possession ofpo- 
itical power by the latter, wonld be 
employed in carrying into eflect the 
ntolerant views of the former, en> 
langcring the Protestant religion, 
:. t. the Protestant Established 
Chnrclies of Eoglandand Irdand. 

We do not wonder that Amkui 
Protestant, " with a firm conviction 
DU his mind that the Cbnrch ef 
Euglaod is the most pure and apos- 
tolio church upon earth," sbunld be 
apprehensive, in the event of the 
Roman Catholics getting the upper 
hand in the stnte, that his church 
would he in danger : there would, 
doiibtleis. he a straggle which was 
the most pure and apostolic cbnroli 
— the church of England, or the 
church of Rome, and IbemuUvotet 
in Parliament, (if llie chief msgis- 
trale did tmt interfore,) would de< 
cide to which church tlio^'urotfinna, 
tithes, &e. he. belonged. Our 
opinion is, that, even were snch an 
uolikely event to lalic place, and 
the church of Rome to be ^aiu the 
established church of JSnglajad asd 
Ireland, that the ehurek t^ Ckriit 
would still be. perfectly ute.. iti> 
not the nnritual, but the poStifL 
power, which. such a change vwld 
give litem, that we dread, poper}. 



LlTEBAnV INTELLIGENCE. SW 

wilboDt polilical power, except BE it deDrv Itinl Iliu giiod Providence nf 

>EfeclB the spirilnal iulereitt of ra«n, God walchM over tho safelj ot the 

iiiiliarmles>Mllieviper wbicb hu ProteiUnIs tn linglaad, and wilt 

l«( iti stiflK- Btill d^eal ever; inoMure, the bc- 

We tliiak Aniicui Proteilaiu ii compliibment of which would Very 

right respecling the impouiUility of mucfa fetter, if not nbolly pr«vnnt, 

■cparaf JDg the luty frum the olcrgy : tiM atlfioipts which are makio^ by 

he miEht have found ir/aet to illui- KuglUh Proteit«ats fw ovaagvhzing 

trato bis opiDioni in Mr. Charlei the world. 

BuUer's " Memoire of the Eng;li)h, , ^ ^ , 

Iiiih, iind Scottish Calholir.8." At , „„„ „.,„„„,..„„.,„„ 

■be period referred to. 1780, ihe LITERARY INTELLIOENCE. - 

Boyish Roman Catholic Laitg ■■ ■ - — 

would have made, and did make, •'«** PMi»M. 

concessions, in their famous " Pro- Leisure Hours; ISmo. 

toilatioD," satisfactory to the Bri- The Christian Remembrancer. By 

tish Parliament ; and, for a lime, the Ambrose Eerie, Esq. With an Intro- 

Eoglish Roman Cathoiio Clergy ap- dnctory Eway, by Thomas Chalmer*, 

proved; hut, an Irish priest, faavine D.D- lamo. 

obtainedthe(^iQionoftheiH;i»fcft ™*L^"i"^ of Time; or the History 

Head of thefr church, that it would -JL'^^ ...r f^"" . 

__. , J. I -L #11 _ c_. The taithful Minislry, as oonDBcted 

Mthe sanctioned, the tUrgg first ^j^ j(^ ReligioR. By the R^. 

withdrew their names, and iTlcii the j,„^,i ^^ ^^.D. MmUter of tha. 

Laily were forced to willidraw their Tron Church, Glasgow. 

" ProtcBtalion," which w«« finally WaniingandEiflinple to the Young. 

deposited in tho Rriliah Maaeum ; Memoirs of Matilda Sisith, lata of 

to be, as it were, a Memorial of the Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope. By, 

spiritual domination of the priests, John Phillip, D.D. 

■nd of the passive obedience of the The Cottage Bible, and Family Ei- 

femlel posilor. 

Wb are of Minion Uiat Amicus Bictionnaire des Tennes appiopiiea 

Protestans has "tliewords of truth" 5,"" ^'^*f «* '"' Seiencca. Par T. 

00 his Hide : we wish we could add, K"?"""^- , * , -. , 

» ._j -I- A.J^^... .» I ..* 11 . ■ Chambera's Civil Archilectnre, 

Mid 01 Awemew; but tliere is a p.jj 

degree of flippancy, and occasional- 

Ijof yanity, ttiat will hardly square _^_ , 

withthat sacred standard. There is, Keywortb. 

however, a good deal of useful in- Divine Grace the Source of all Hu- 

fotmatioDcontainedin thepampfalet, man Excellence: aSenooaoccauoiied 

whioll, we fear, will not be read, or by the late Rev, WUliam Ward. By 

properly appreciated, on account of J- Marshman, D.D. 

the letten hein^ so vordg ; and the — .^ . 

sinie things, in aohstanc^, being so Jn Me Prai. 

'^T„lF'^^i>t to tho «ue.lion of Brief but autheaUc Memoir. of the 

u ; JT.^ r' . J.r ^?"'"*^ "' Rev. Wm. Ward, late Baptist Misiioa- 

whatM called Catholic Kmancipa- ^^iniodia; with a Monody to hia 

bon, we fiave no fear ttiat any Memory, 

ftinceoftbe HoosB of Brans wick Eleazar; an inlerestinK Narrative 

will ever consent to make such a of one of the Jewish Converts on tho 

ehango in the ^uniJamMital principles Day of Pentecost, supposed to be re- 

of the Conalitulion, ai to admit Ho- lated by himself. By Thos. Bingham, 

nan Catholics to an equality of Hr. Cottle's Strictures on the Ply< 

righb, aa citiKVi, unloii they give mouth Antinomians. 2ad Edidoa^ 

that pledge to the supreme m^a- enlarged. ^^ , 

Irate; wWcb, without ceasing to i» „ Sancho, the Sacred Trophy, and the 

RofflM-Ctholics, they can never UDparalleled Operallons of Epiaco-. 

^. T< .«»» t,> n. T.')^. ik.tit.. pacy.witti a Presbyter (Hat 

(ite It "Wma to n», also, that the ^ (^ ^^ ,.t of May, 18W, yiO be 

iMTm,oa Md_ disasters which tlia 61,^^';^^ k^.. j, j^J^ ^\ of ft, 

*«*.s«toinrfaie<jaestn)ninParlia- SbiritBal WaziW, or Sainfs Trea- 

oent generally produces, is an en- gury. 



210 



3fnteUtj5ettce» ^c 



7V» th€ EdUor of ihe Baptist Magazine, 

5iR, 
I am desired b]r the Committee of 
Deputies for protecting the Civil 
Rights of Dissenters, to request you 
to insert the following Extract firom 
the Minutes of s%, General Meeting of 
the Deputies, on the 19th instant^ in 
yoiirnext publication. 
I am, Sir, 
Youc obedient servant, 
Robert Winter^ Secretary. 
16, Bed/9r4.roWf 20th March, 1824. 

At a General Meeting of the Deputies 

far protecting the Civil Rights of 

Dissenters, held at the King's Head 

Tavern in the Poultry y on Friday, 

I9th March, 1824, 

Wm. Smith, Esq. M.P. in the Chair; 

Resolved unanimously, 
(On the recommendation of the 
Committee,) 

That, considering the long interval 
which has elapsed since the agitation 
of the question of general religious li- 
berty in Parliament, and the conse- 
quent want of interest in, and ac- 
ipiaint^nce with, the subject, which 
prevails both in and out of Parliament, 
it is expedient that it be immediately 
brotrght under public consideration, 
by an application to Parliament, on 
the subjc^ct of the Corporation and 
Test Acts ; and that such application 
be renewed temperately, but perse- 
veringly, from time to time, with a 
view to enlightening and directing the 
public mind, making the friends of the 
cause acquainted with, and interested 
in, the merits of the question, and pre- 
paring the way fox that gradual but 
ultimate success, which has, in so 
many instances, attended persevering 
clertions in causes founded in truth 
and justice. 

That the Petitions now recommend- 
ed by the Committee be adopted, 
signed, and presented to both Houses 
of Parliament, without delay. 

That some member of the House of 
Commons be requested to follow up 
the Petition, by a motion on the 
subject. 

That the Committee apply to such 
members of both Houses, as are con- 
sidered favourable, requesting their 
assistance, informing them of the de- 
cided intention of the Body of Din* 



senters, seriously to mak« and renew 
applications to the Legislature on the 
subject; and communicating to sucb 
members proper explanatory state- 
ments of the case. 

That the Committee immediately so- 
licit the co-operation, of Deputationa 
from the Body of Ministers im London, 
and the other Societies ia London, 
formed for, or interested in, the pro- 
motion of civil and religions liberty, in 
order to establish union, and obtain 
an accession of talent and energy, in 
the common cause. 

That printed statements of the case 
of Dissenters, and of the reasons on 
which they ground their claims upon 
the Legislature, be, with such co- 
operation, prepared and circulated. 

Thai the Committee take such other 
measures for interesting and inform- 
ing the public mind, by temperate, dis- 
cussion, (either through the daily and 
periodical press, or by the publication 
of useful and judicious tracts and ad- 
dresses,) as shall be desirable for the 
promotion of the cause. 

That the Committee bo fully author- 
ized at once, to take, from time to 
time, all such steps as may be expe- 
dient, for effectually following up 
these objects; and that they report, 
from time tp time, to the General 
Meetings, calling special General 
Meetings, if necessary. 

That these I<{esolutious be signed by 
the Chairman, and printed, and com- 
munipated to all congregations of 
Dissenters throughout the kingdom 
known to the Committee; and that it 
be recommended to them to form some 
plan of communication and co-opera- 
tion, through local or district Societies, 
with the }3ody in London, and to send 
up Petitions as early as possible, but 
at all events, in the ensuing session ; 
taking measures, at the same time, for 
interesting in their cause, such mem- 
bers of Parliament as may be more 
immediately connected with them. 

That these Resolutions be also offi- 
cially communicated to the Body of 
Ministers in London, and to the dif- 
ferent Dissenting Bodies associated 
there for the promotion of religious li- 
berty, and be also inserted in the dif- 
ferent Magazines connected \\i\h, or 
in circulation among. Dissenters. 

(Signed) 

Wm. Smith, Chairman. 



INTBLLIUBNRE, ECc. 



2ir 



BIBLK SOCIETIES. 

At the Twt^ai Annivertaty of Ihs 
Bradford Amiliary Biile Socittv, 
ktU tkeStk «/ October, ltJ23 ; 
It icat retelwtd. 
That llie umeied Ciicular from 
the ConuDitlee, as it appUeH to Bible 
Meetings in general, be adopted by this 
Meetiag; and, as mucbgoud mny be 
done to the rising geiiecation, if more 
widely circulated, diiecls tlivt five 
hundred copies thereof be printed,' 
und that the President aad Secie. 
taties be requested to send copies to 
Bucli Bible Societies, and utherivise 
dispose of them, as they may judge 
moat likely to conduce to tlie allain- 
nient of so desirable an object. And, 
also, that the Cammittee be desired to 
conliaue the Deputatioa to visit the 
different schooli within (he district, 
agreeably to the reconineadationa 
contained in the same letter. 

Signed OD behalf of the Meeting, 



CmCULAR. 

TiTE follonlng contains the sub- 
■lanceof a letter addressed to the Se- 
eretarieg of a neighbouring Bible Com- 
mittee, by a member of the Bradford 
Bible Committee, prerious to their 
Aoniversary Meeting. 

*' The time being now filed for hold- 
im your AnniTersary Meeting, I feel 
desiroas of addressing yon on the 
■abject of spreading the Bihie mora 
generally than heretofore. I am espe- 
cially desirous that (hisahould bedone 
by means of the children in Sabbath- 
■cbools, :p^cturiea, &c. furnishing 
lieinaelBBSwith the sacred volume by 
lubscii^ona of a penny or more a 
week, till the amount will be ade- 
qnate to the purchase <if a Bible or 
Teitament. The plan is simple, and 
experience has proved it to be affec- 
tud, and thai the good done by it is 
extensive. 

As all schools of this description, 
cimducted by whatever denominatinn 
of Chris ti BUS, make the holy scriptures 
llie basis of theii inntruGtion, while 
the children are in the school, they 
hiVB indeed access to tlie Bible ; hut, 
when they leave these schools, they 
•ill be in great danger of neglecting 
lo read it, and even oClnaing their re - 
Ksh for if, unless they have each of 
ilieni a Bible of their own. 



VUb daofti, ((M, i* more (o ^ ap. 
pretended, whan they are deprivaj 
of tbe religlouB care and Instraclion' 
whi(^ had bean eiteaded la.tbem ,- and 
it is to be feared, that many hdpeful 
youths- lose the reUgtous fanpreisioas 
and tilings they may h^ve been fa-' 
voured with, wbila under the guarded' 
cajie of their teachers. We most admit' 
also, that association of ideas lum 
soiaelnfiuence on our minds; and ilia 
not merely a fanciful tbouEbt, that a 
Kibis obtained In the manner above 
recommended, may have a stronger 
tendency to rooai these Impressions 
and feelings, than one purchased af- 
terwards. Children will alco value it 
more for being bought with Uieir own 
pence, whilst at school : the risk, too, 
of their not pracnringone afterwards is 
nut small. These, and other consi- 
deiations, make it a duty incumbent 
on the Managers, if possible, to see 
that every child has a Bibl* of its own 
before leaving the school. This ne-' 
cessity is so strongly fell by the mana- 
gers of several schools, that the cJiiU 
dren are actually supplied fi'om some 
charitable source. 

I would further recommend, that 
Deputatlons from Bible Cktmniittee»' 
visit the several schools in their neigh- 

The adoption of this plan not only 
fumiehes the children with an easy- 
method of obtaining Bibles for theia- 
selves; but also many poor famiUps, 
who have none, will gladly embrace' 
the opportunity of procuring them. 
But what I would urf^e, as the mnat 
important object of the visit, is, to get 
the Rule proposed inserted in thir 
Rules of the School, and, whenever 
Hules are to be fanned, or printed, or 
reprinted, to have the Rule printed 
with them. The want of this precau- 
tion I have liad frequently to reRret, 
having met with several schools in 
which the plan had been adopted, andj 
for a time, acted upon with spirit ; bat 
aAer that tha children hud be«n sup- 
plied, or otlier teachers had been in- 
troduced, who did not feel its import- 
ance so Birongly, the subscription has 
ceased, and been entirely lost sight of. 
But, should it be introduced, and be- 
come a regular Rule, and the businesu 
of one specific oflicer, we may at least 
hope, that it-will continue in operation 
so lung as the Kules continue. 

My apology forthus addressing y oil, 
must be an earnest wish to get the 
Bible into the bands of as many chil- 
dren aapessible. On this subject, 
one of the Deputies of the Parent So- 



fil2 



INTBLLIGfiirCBi &C. 



ei^t^y at tiu) lut: ABoiyeraavy of -tike I 
Xieedt ^Dble Society, ezpresged my 
sentiments fully, viz. * The general 
prevalence of education also rendered 
tluQ labours of the Bible. Society both 
more necessary, and more abundantly 
nseinl, as it was of the ^rst importance 
that the Bible should be placed in the 
hands of youth as soon as they could 
reaid.' 

*' Hus view of the subject points out 
the propriety of its coming under the- 
consideration of Bible Meetings. It 
might be introduced in the form of a 
Resolution similar to the sketch sub- 
joined. It is true that Deputations 
might be appointed by Committees 
without such recommendation; but, if 
it formed a Resolution, and were put 
into the hands of one of the speakers, 
it would very much prepare tlie way 
for the Deputation within the district, 
give publicity to the plan, and perhaps 
he the means of extending the practice 
into other districts." 

Sketch of the proposed Resolution. 

Rtsolted—Thsit this Meeting being 
strongly impressed with the advan- 
tages resulting from an intimate ac- 
quaintance with the holy scriptures, 
particularly in early life, and the fre- 
quent and habitual reading of them 
afterwards, earnestly recommends to 
the Committee to appoint a Deputa- 
tion to visit the different Sabbath- 
schools within the district, and en- 
deavour to get the following Rule in- 
serted in the body of their written or 
printed Rules, viz. — 

^ The superintendent* shall kindly 
suggest to the parents of every child, 
when admitted into the school, the ex- 
pediency of allowing the children to 
subscribe a penny or more a week, till 
the sum will purchase a Bible or 
Testament." 

N. B. This Rule is not intended to 
be obligatory on parents; it merely 
furnishes them with an opportunity of 
availing themselves of so desirable an 
offer. - 

Bradford, IS23. 



Christian Liba^ality. 

On the 21st of October last, the first 
stone of a spacious building, erecting 
near the turnpike, Mile-£nd Road, (to 

* Or other oftcer, who admits the 
cbildifn. 



be ealled BruifWioli Chtiftfl), -ft^r the 
use of theKev.C. Evans's congregation, 
was laid by Dr.Collyer, assisted by seve- 
ral other ministers, and lay gentl«nen. 
Under the sameroofarelneluded, roems 
for the education of 600 poor ehpUdrei, 
bel<mgingto the Sunday Schools* It is 
intended, also, to occupy them for the 
same jmrpose, on a we^ day, mo soon 
as a school can be formed, upon the 
British s^rstem ; the building in 92 feet 
by 46, and 27 from the fiofHr to the ceil- 
ing. On the same site are erecting, 6 
comfortable alms houses, for the aged 
poor female members of thechurch, and 
a house forthe residence of the minister. 
The ground is held for the term of 356 
years, at ten shillings per annum, and 
was given to the churdi by the late Mi- 
chael Pantin, Esq. one of the congrega- 
tion, who, also, furnished the necessary 
funds for erecting the school rooms, alms 
houses, &c. and placed in trust the sum 
of £1000. three per cents., for the use 
and benefitof the charity schools belong- 
ing to the congregation, in which 56 
children are clothcsd and educated. Also 
£1000 three per cents, for the use and 
benefit of the Infant Friend Society, for 
relieving poor married women in their 
lying-in ; and £300. new four per cents, 
for the use and benefit of the Auxiliary 
Society in Aid of Missions. The chapel, 
which contains, at least, 600 free seats 
forthe poor, will cost about £9600., 
which sum must be raised by subscrh^ 
tion, as the generous benefactor to the 
different institutions already specified, 
made no provision for this object "Hie 
congregation have subscribed,in a very 
liberal manner, and, with the assistance 
of those who wish to see tlie old churches 
revived, as well as new ones formed, it 
is hoped, this important object will, at 
no very,distantperiod,be accomplished. 
This Christian society was formal by the 
venerable Dr. Thomas Qodivinin ; their 
original place of worship was in Tisir 
street, in the city ; afterwards, in Artil- 
lery-street ; and, for the last 16 years, 
with their present zealous and laborious 
j^astor, in Mile«£nd New 1\awn. It is 
expected, that the chapel will be opened 
the first week in June. 



British Sf Foreign School Society. 

On Friday, April 2, a public exa- 
mination took place at the Centml 
Schools of the British and Foreign 
School Society, on which occasioa 
Thomas Fowell Buxton, Esq. M.P. 
one of the Vice-Presidents, was in the 



INTILLtOVKCE, &C. 



•i\S 



duh. airhtilekRoMiMrvOirttn 
ooe of tiM Greek Dtputiea; Willli 
EiBBf, Ekq. M.V. the Countess 
Danley, mad b reapectable number 
titdtcs and Gentlemen vere preKeni 

Its caaminitimi cenmenoed in 1 
^U' S(AooI, ntete Hie Ladles p 
inoBty taspeeted the speoinKtis 
needlewnrk, and poFcbued a miinl 
of wtieleB which were prepared 
tale. The firla wcrr Aiit cumin 
in writiDK and arithmetic ; atti/r 1! 
tbty read a pasMge or icripCnre, 
vhkt they were qnegiJoned by 1 
aapcrinteiident. liie Bev. (Jeoi 
Clarton and the Rer. J. M. Cra: 
iten questioned tbem geuerally on I 
hdf ■criptates; and tlieansweis gi> 
by the cbildrim aJTorded gttM sat 
Cdctioa to the company. !%« Chi 
mil and Viator^ then adjourned 
Ibe Boys' School. 

The tuys, after the caitomary e' 
lutioDs, which were made witli gn 
aceuiacj-and despatch, wrote spo 
mens on slates trom dictation : thi 
weic handed round to the compai 
and inspected . 

Twetre boys, who«e diligence in i 
ichooJ has been rewarded by givi 
ihta eilra iDstruetion, then prodaf 
mips, which they had delineated, 
ilitea, and were examined (hrrri 
ITiey also exhibited the progress tt 
li&d made in the elements of trigoi 
luetr;, as adapted to mechanical p 
poses. About forty of the eighth cl. 
veie then exanrined in arithmetic 
far as the Knle of Three and Practi 
the Visitors were highly gratified 
the rapidity and correctness of th 
exeoDtiuii. The same number w 
IhcD - directed to read a portion 
Bcriplore, which they did in the ni 
clnr and intelliEible manner. T! 
were qaeatioDed thereon ; and, in or 
to proTe tliat their knowledge was 
cosiaed to tbe juulicular passage t 
had been read, they were qnestioi 
by the Chainnan and the Kev. J. 
Ciamp §aa upwards of holf-anhi: 
on Ibe most important facts and du 
ofreljgioa; the answers, container 
KJipropiiate passages ofscripture.n 
>uch, as could not fail to aford deli 
tu every friend of Bible educatiou. 

Two Greek yuutha, fiom the Isli 
nC Cyprus, who hare been in Engl, 
only eleven months, and who pri 
ouily knew not award of English, i 
could not write a letter oftbealf 
bet, fiustaiued a respectable pari 
the euuuinatiun. They can read 
en'tly, write well, and their replie 
the qoetiiMiB jproposed to than v 
juoinpt and suitable. 



Wlm to' «tinIut(oii' i»4( t\dM4,- 
bt Chahmin wa* pleased to expres* 
da entire satisfaction with nhu be 
lad heard and s^i 'And particularly 
lis aitoershment at the proKiesB made 
>ytiKcblldnflia scriptural kpowl edge. 
The Rev. Mr. Wililama of Edmantoa. 
beu addressed Uie childreii and th*< 
;onipany, and was followed by W. 
\IIeD, Esq. the Treasurer, when 
:he meeting fcrminatett. It is be- 
iered that a,l| present were deeply 
mpressed Wilb a Conviction of the ex- 
sellence of the British system of in- 
itruclton, and of the superior advan- 
:age of the mode adopted for comiau- 
)icating religions knowledge by the 
loly HCfiptures only. Why should so 
loble an TnstltutiDn l)e crippled in its 
ixerlions by want of funds? 

Bubscriptions and donations vill be 
■eceived by W. Allen, Esq, Treasurer, 
Piough-court, Lombard -street. 



Societies in aidofpoor Disstntiug 
Miniitera. 

To tht Editor of the BaptUi Utagaxini:" '• 

Sia, An adverti>em<ent,jistWeoTM: 
sfaPeriodical Publics tioB, fur tli«pr«-: 
jent month, announces " the first Oe-; 
oera] Meeting of the Society tor ia-,; 
proving the Circumstances. of i>isiewt'. 
in^ Ministers of uneicaptiouable Piin-- 
ciples and Character." As theikicietT 
in qnestion is confined to ladepetultnt 
Picdobaptiat iliiiuter6, the description 
employed in this adtertisement is ob- 
viously improper ; as it does not (1 
suppoie) include all Dissenting minis- 
ters, who, e ven in the estimation of the 
Treasurer and Secretaries, are ." oC 
unexceptionable principles aud cha- 
racter." The object of Ihewriler la 
not to dissuade uberal pcrsoiis itf the 
Baptist Denomination from eontiibni- 
ing towards poor Independent nunis-' 
tera, who, he knows, are nnnierouE.t 
bat to prevent them from giving to an 
exctuiive Society, when there is ano- 
ther, which is formed upon the princi- 
ple of comprehending Dissenting mi- 

which has already been of considerable 
service lo many who have been com- 
pelled, Hirough age and infirmity, lo 
disconliniie their public labours. Itis 
to be regretted, that ils annual sub- 
scriptions are not of larger amount, 39 
the R^ojts of the Society prove the 
impartial manner in which its fundB 
are distributed. Il is hoped, therefore. 



314 



INTBLLIGBNCB^ &«• 



thai opuleni MivkliUkU^ and cMgw- 
gatioDfl, will prefer giving tfaelr aid to 
the fand»of the '< Iiondon Society for 
aged and infirm Ministers of the three 
Denominations/' The Rey. Bfr. RIls^ 
selift the Secretary; J. Gibson, Esq. 
is the Treasurer ; and Mr. Jamea Nor^ 
ton, of Little Eutcheap, the Collector. 

An Enemy to Sectarianism, 
April % 1824. 



To the Editor. 

. Sir, — On the cover of your Maga- 
zine for this month, you have noticed 
a subject, which, in my opinion, well 
deserves the attention of Protestant 
Dissenters throughout this kingdom, 
but especiaiiy of those who reside in 
London ; I refer to the present mode 
of collecting to defray the expenses of 
building and repairing places of wor- 
ship in the country. 

The method now practised is attend- 
ed with various evils, which have long 
been felt and lamented. Mcuiy friends 
to the cause of religion, being con- 
vinced that a more eligible plan than 
the present one might he devised, have 
held some meetings for consultation 
upon the subject. They propose meet- 
ing again on the 27th instant, accord- 
ing to the notice you have given, when 
the outlines of a plan will be submitted 
to the Meeting, for further considera- 
tion, and whicli, it is hoped, will be 
generally approved. 

I am, &c. 

C. H. I. 
London, April 10, 1824. 



Society for the Relief of Aged 
and Infirm Baptist Ministers. 



Tiis Annual Meeting of tho Society 
for the relief of '' aged and infirm 
Baptist Ministers," instituted at Bath, 
1816, will be held at the Vestry of the 
Baptist Meeting-house, Somerset- 
street, Bath, June 9th, at noon. In 
the interim, the beneficiary members, 
annual subscribeis, and congregations 
disposed to aid the funds of this So- 
ciety, by a collection, are respectfully 
requested to pay their subscriptions 
and collections to any member of the 
Committee, who are desired to remit 
all sums received on account of the 
Society, to the Rev. J. P. Porter, 
Bath. 



Tha CoQHBitiea avaU tfaeniolves of 
this occasion, to suggest to their bse- 
tfaren in the nunislry, who are members 
of this Society, particularly those who 
did not make a collection last year, 
that, if each of them would make a col- 
lection, (either public or private,) tiie 
aggregate, although the sums were in- 
dividually naall, would be a Tslvable 
accession to the comforts of the aged 
or infirm ; as one^balf of such collec- 
tions vfould be immediately divided 
among the claimants. 

The beneficiary members entitled to- 
claim on the funds of the society, 
(thoH who claimed last year^ as well as 
other»j)9Jte reminded, that their appli- 
cations must be in the hands of the 
Secretary on or before the 9th of May, 
or they cannot be attended to; and 
those of them who retain the pastoral 
office, must accompany their appilica- 
tion with a certificate from their re- 
spective ehuschcS) that they retain 
such office (notwithstanding their 
claim on this Society,) with the consent 
of the majority of the member8> present 
at a Church-meeting, held by public 
notice,' for the espeeial purpose of 
giving such certificate. 

P.S. In the last five years, the So- 
ciety has distributed £665 lis. among 
aged and iBfim ministers, besides 
funding £1800, new four per cents« 

Bath, April lOth, 1824. 



ORDINATK)NS, &c. 



A NEW Meeting-house at WOOD- 
FORD, nearThrapston, Northampton- 
shire, was opened, October 16, 
1823. The Rev. Mr. Pickering, of 
Brigs tock, read the scriptures and 
prayed ; the Rev. Mr. J. K. Hall, of 
Kettering, preached from Psal. cxviii. 
25, and the Rev. Mr. Simmons, of OI- 
ney, from Psal. cxlv. 11 : the Rey. Mr. 
Paul, of Oakham, concluded in prayer. 
In the evening, the Rev. Mr. Simpson, 
of Ey thorn, began in prayer ; the Rev. 
Mt« Hogg, of Kimbolton^ preached 
from Exod. xx. 24 ; the Rev. Mr. Hall 
concluded in prayer. The services of 
the day were highly interesting. 

This is a new interest, and aflTords a 
pleasing prospect of usefulness. The 
church was formed May 22, 1822, of 
eleven members, and Mr. Miller, late 
of Oakham, was irecogniKed as their 
pastor at the same time. 



CALENDAR. 



215 



Dec. 35. ]823, Mr. John Pritchard 
(late studjent at Abergavenuy,) waa 
set apart to the pastoral office over the 
Baptist Churchy meeting at LlapgoUen 
and Glyn-dwvr-dwy, North Wales. 

The preqedinjg evenipg, after read- 
ing and prayer, Mr. H. Williams (An^ 
gl^sea) Wnd Mr. J.Jones (Newtown) 
preached. Col. i. ^% and Rev. xxii. 2; 
at six in the morning, Mr. Wm. Grif- 
fiths. (Bangor) preached^ Rom. viii. 6 ; 
at ten, Mr. J. B. Roberts (Flintshire) 
read and prayed; Mr. J. Jones spoke 
on. the na^ture qf Christ's church, and 
asked the usual questions ; the ordina- 
tion prayer was offered up by Mr. 
Robert Williams, accompanied with 
imposition of hands ; Mr. J6hn Ed- 
wards (Ruthin) gave the charge ; and 
]V^ Ellis Evans addressed the church, 
Acts XX. 28, and 1 Thess. v. 12, 13. 
At two, afternoon, Mr. Robert Am- 
brose (Bangor) and Mr. J. Jones 
preached, 1^. xi^ 19, 20, and Isa. Ix. 
7; at six, Mr. J. B. Roberts, and Mr. 
II. Williams, 1 John ii. 6, and Acts 
■viii. 5. — ^Thfi only cause of regret was, 
that many were obliged to retire from 
the spot, as the doors aud windows 
were so crowded, that it was irapossi- 
bje for thqm to h.Rar the word of life. 



On February 18, 1824, the Rev. W. 
Roberts was ordained at GLASGOED, 
Monmouthshire, an assistant to the 
Rev. L. IfCwia, over the Particular 
Baptist Church there. — The service 
commenced by Mr. D. Phillips, Caer- 
leon ; the introductory discourse, ordi- 
nation prayer, and charge, from 2 
Tim. iv. 5, by Mr. J. James, Pontrydy- 
rynh, Mr. F. Hiley, Hanwenarth, to 
the people, from Acts iv. 12. 



On Wednesday, the 17th of March, 
1824, the chapel in PARLIAMENT- 
COURT, Artillery-street, Bishopsgate, 



was opened for the preaching of the^ 
gospel, by the church formerly meet- 
ing in the Paul's-head-rooms, Cateaton- 
street. Two sermons were preached' 
on the occasion ; one in the morjilng,^ 
by Mn Ivimey, of Eagle-street, from' 
Ephes. iy. 15, 16 ; and oi^e in the even-, 
ing, by Mr. Davis, of Walworth, from 
J«r. xxiii. 6. The devotional parts of 
the services were conducted by Messrs. 
Hargreaves, of Little Wild-street: 
Davis, of Walworth; Scraggs, of 
Poplar; and Messrs. Stennett and 
Winning, pastors of the church. 

Three services will be carried on ii^ 
this place every Lord's-day ; and, 
in order to excite the attention of a 
crowded population to the gospel of 
Christ, it is contemplated, by the. 
church, to establish a regular lecture 
on the JLiord*s-day evenings. 



NOTICES. 



The BEDFORDSHIRE ASSO- 
CIATION of Baptist Churches, will 
be held at Little Staughton, on Wed- 
nesday, the 12th of May, 1824. The 
Rev. Messrs. Cuttriss and HoUoway 
to preach. 



The Anniversary of the BEDFORD- 
SHIRE UNION, will be held on 
Thursday, May 20, 1824 ; when the 
Rev. Joseph Fletcher is expected to 
preach in the morning, at eleven 
o'clock; and the Rev. Mr. Holloway, 
of Cotton End, in the evening. 



The BUCKINGHAMSHIRE AS- 
SOCIATION of BapUst Churches 
will be held at Great Missenden, May 
20th, 1824. Put up at the Red Lion. 



CalmHai; for ilfla^. 



3 Moon passes Jupiter XI. morn. 
8. Moon passes Mars X. 15 aft. 

11. Ceres south II. 27 aft. Altitude 
640. 13'. 

12. Herschel south III. 52 morn. Al- 
titude ISO. 32'. 

13. Full Moon II. 34 morn. Too far 
south to pass through the Earth's 
shadow. 



18. Sun (as to longitude) between the 
Earth and Saturn, VII. 30 morn. 

27. Moon passes Venus VI. 46 morn. ^ 

28. Moon passes Saturn 0. 15 mom. 

28. New Moon III. 3 aft. Too fiir 
north to cast her shadow on the 
Earth. 

29. Moon passes Mercury V. 15 morn. 
31. Moon passes Jupiter III. morn. 



London Annual Meetings in May. 

^Titnday, 3rd, Mornings Eleven. Weslbyan Missionabt Society. Ad- 
Duii) Meeting, Citj-Road ChapeL Jotepli Bulter«vorth, Ksq. M. P. in the Cbair. 

Monday, Srd. Evening, Half-pest Six. Church MrisiONARY Society. An- 
nual Sermon, St. Bride's, Fieet-street, Rcy. Fountain El win. Tuesday, 4th. 
Morning, Twelve. Annual Meeting, Ficemasons'-Hall, Admiral Lord Gambier in 
ibc Chair. 

Twuday, 4th. Evtmng, Seven. Iaish Society op Lovdon. Annoal Cer- 
mco, St Paul*&, Covent-Garden, Rev. G. Matter, A. M. 

Wedntiday, 5tk. Noon, Twelve. Bvitish and Foreigk Bible Socibtt* 
Annal Meeting, Freemasons'- HalL Bt. Hon. Lord Teiguoiouth in the Chah. 

Wednetday, 5th, Evtningt Half-past Six. Prayer Book and Homily So- 
ciety. Annual Sermon, Christ Chnrch, Newgate-street, Rev. Basil Wood. T/turt- 
day, 6th. Noon, Twelve. Anmial Meeting, StatJuner/^Hall, LudgateoHill. 

Thurtday, 6th. Eveuing, Half-past Six. Lowdon Society poR promoting 
'Curisttanity among the Jews. Annual Sermon, St. FauPs, Covent Garden; 
Rev. Leigh RichmoiKl. Friday, 7th. Noon, Twelve. Amiual Meeting. Freema- 
8ons*-HaII. 

Friday, 7th. Noon, Twelve. Merchants' Seamen's Auxiliary Bibib 
Society. Annual Meeting, Citj^ of London Tavern. Admiral Lord £xmoiith in 
the Chair. 

Friday, 7th. Evtning, Seven. Moravian Mission. Annual Sermon, St. 
CIcreeni's Danes, Rev. W. Maisb. 

Saturday, Sth. Noon, Twelve. London Hibernian Society. Annual 
Meeting, Freeniasons*-Hall. H. R. H. Duke of Gloucester in the Chair. 

Monday, lOth. Noon, Twelve. British and Foreign School Society. 
Annual Meeting, Freemasuns'-Uall. H. R. H. Duke of Sussex. 

AJonday, 10th. Noon, Twelve. Port op London Society. Annual Meetingl 

Monday, 10th. Evenittg, Six. London Itinerant Society. Annual Meet- 
ing, City of London Tavern. Samuel Robinson, Esq. in the Cbair. 

Monday, 10th, Evening, Half- past Six. Moravian Mission. Annual Ser- 
inoa« St. Catherine Cree, Leaden hali-street, Rev. Hugh M'Neile. 

Ttusday, llth. Morning, Six. Sunday School Union. Annual Breakfast, 
City of London Tavern. Joseph fiutterworth, Esq. M.P. in the Chair. 

Tueiday, 11th, Mornwgt Eleven. Port op London Society. Annual 
Sermon, On Board th€ Floating Chapel, Rev. John Clajton, Sen. 

Tuttday, llth. IVboTi, Twelve. Naval and Military Bible Society. An- 
nual Meeting, Argyll Rooms, Regent-s^ieet. 

Tvesday, llt^. Afternoon, Three. Port of London Society. Annoal Ser- 
luuiik On Board the Floating Chapel, Rev. John Reynolds. 

2'ue§day, 11th. Evening, Six. Irish Evangelical Society. Annual 
Meeting, City of London Tavern. Thomas Walker, Esq. in the Chair. 

Tueiday, 11th. Evening, Half-past Six. Continental Society. Annual 
Serifion, St. Clement's Danes, Rev. Hugh M'Neile. 

Wednesday, IQth. Mormng, Hulf-past Ten. London Missionary Society. 
Annual Sermon, Surry Chapel, Rev. Henry Townley. Evening, Six. Annual Ser-' 
mon, TabemacUi, Rev. Tliomas Smitli. Thunday, ISth. Morning, Half-past T«n. 
AuiHial Meeihig, Great Qaeen street Chapel. William Alers Haiikey, Esq. in the 
Chair. Evening, Six. Annual Sermon, Tottenham- court Chapel, Rev. Edward Irvlug. 
■^Friday, 1.4th. Morning, Six. Religious Tract Society. Annual Break-, 
fast. City of London Tavern. Joseph Reyner, Esq. in the Chair. 

Friday, 14th. Morning, Ten. London Missionary Society. Annual Ser- 
mon, Christ Church, Newgate^reet. Evening, Six. Annual Cummuuion, Sion. 
Silver-street, Kennington, and Orange-street Chapels. Sermon to Juvenile Auxilia*. 
ries. Spa-fields Chapel, Rev. Dr. Collyer. 

Saturday, 15th. Noon, Twelve. British Society por promoting Re- 
poBMATiON OP Female Prisoners. Annual Meeting, Friends' Meeting.house, 
S}. Martin's-lane. 

.. Saturdm^, i.5th. Protsstant Society por Protection of Religious Li- 
DxaxY. 

■ .MMtdayt 't7th, £v«ntiig, Six. Home Missionary Society. AnnnaI<Ser- 
inoir»:I$auitxy Chapel, Rev. H. F. Border, M.A. Tuesday, 18th, Morning, Eleven. 
Amniil Sermon, Cmwn-ciiort Chapel, Covent garden. Rev. John Reynolds. Evening, 
Sis. i :Aiiiiaal A^tingr Spa- fields Chapel. Alderman Key in ibe Chair. . 

T' Tsasday, 18tA« Evening, Six. Continental Society. Annoal Serinon,' 
GrettiQaeeo-ytreetChapel.Rev. J>r. Wardlaw. Wednesday, 19«A. JVixm; Y^felve. 
A db^ Meeting, ' Cfowft aid Abtbor, Strand. Sir Thomas Baring, Bart. M. P.» in 
tlw Cba^ ?' ^' - : V - -. -. ^ • - : '■ • 

Wednesday, ^6th. Evening, Six. Aoed Piigbims' Friend Society. An- 
nual Meciing,Zoar Chaptl, Alie-st. Goodman's fields. Rev. Dr. Collyer in the Cliair . 



«17 



3fru$J Cftrottttle* 



Letters from the Rev. Menvs. 
Vaugbariand Carr havinj^ again* ap- 
peared in the Nonvich Mercury of the 
dlst of February, rcfleotingon »oiiie 
of the agents of the Baptist Irish So- 
ciety, and naisrepresenting the state 
of the Schools, it became expedient, 
through the same medium, to refiito 
these statements, which, it is hoped, 
has been satisfactorily accomplished 
by the following authenticated and 
highly respectable testimonials. 

To the Editor of the Nortvich Mercury. 

London, 20, Harpur-street, 
April 10, 1824. 
Sir, 

Tlie Committee of the Baptist Irish 
Society, after having perused the let- 
ters of the Rev. Messrs. Vaughan and 
Carr, &c. published in your paper of 
the 2l8t of February last, resolved 
that it was necessary that some coun- 
ter-statements should be procured, 
and sent you fer publication, lest an 
impression should be left upon the 
minds of any of your readers, 'unfa- 
vourable to Uie agents and friends of 
the Society in Ireland. They hare the 
fullest proof that Guerin and Hush, 
whose characters have been much as- 
persed by gentlemen of the Roman 
Catholic persuasion, are men of truly 
respectable character, who have, 
there is good reason to conclude, left 
that community because they have dis- 
covered the Anti-christian errors' of 
the system in which they had been 
educated. . 

The Committee are persuaded the 
subsequent letters, several of them 
written by persons of rank and dis- 
tinction, and the others by those who. 



No. 2-:- Certificate of M&jor Colpoyt. 
No. 3— Certificate of Thomas laahCB, 

Esq, 
No. 4— Certificate of the Rev.Wniiam 

Young. 
No. 6— Attestation of the Persons 

' employed by the Society. 
No. 6— Attestation of the chief part 

of the Protestants, Inhabitants of 

Scans'. 



No. 1. 



Moynoe House, Scariffy 

nth March, 1884. 

My DEAtt Sir, — la consequence of 
the Norwich Newspaper of the 2ist 
ult. rwfaich yott were so good as to 
send) being for several posts detained 
from me, and the assizes of Ennis 
(which I was obliged to attend) inter- 
vening since its arrival, I have been 
unable to reply sooner to the calumni- 
ous publication in it, of Mr. IHiniel 
Vaughan, P.P. of Scariff; indeed i 
am greatly astonished how any man, 
claiming to be a teacher of religion, 
could indulge himself in uttering such 
ungentlemanly and unchristiimlike 
language. I assure you every word 
of my letter of the fith January last 
was, ia fact, true and nndemable, 
namely, that the schools were ia a 
flourishing condition ; and I again re- 
peat that they were, and continued so 
I up to the 1st day of February last past. 
Upon which day (as I am told) Mr. 
Daniel Vanghan,in a more violent strain 
than ever before uttered by him, thun- 
dered out dreadful denunciations and 
anathemas against any of his flock r^ito 
would dare to send any of their chil- 
dren to the schooUyBinee which period 
some of the poor, ignorant, deluded 
from being intimately acquainted with i people have been deterred from allow- 



the proceedings of the Society, are 
comipetent to give an opinion as to 
their blameless and beneficial ten- 
dency, will prove satisfactory to an 
impartial public; and therefore they 
will take no furtlier notice of any 
statements made by Messrs. Vaughan 
and Carr. 

:^R^8 PB*l?ciABD, ( 'Sfecr^tfrtes, 

(Copies.) 
No. l-^Letter from the Rev. Sir John 
9ead. 

• iSei Chronicle for March last. 



ing their children to attend. As Id 
Mr. John Hullcatt^ had he, inste»d ^ 
going to Killycormaok as liie priest*^^ 
inquisitor, in search of the Moynoe 
school, ff one to my gate-house, he would 
there find what he was in search lof, 
and which he • conld not exptet to find 
at Killycormack, as it was too noto- 
rious a fact in the neighbourhood^ that 
the house had been taken away frma. 
** Guerin" long before this yiiitetiott 
of his. As to any ira|M)sltioii beisg^ 
practised on the. inspectors of' the 
s,chool8, by gathering togethen ehiU 
dren ibr the purpose ef pasaiiig inspf c- 
tion, this never, to my &iowIedge, h^ 



218 



IRISH CRitONICLE. 



occurred, or could, without detectioD. 
— The class lists and daily reports are 
sufficient alone to contradict this state- 
ment. 

Mrs. Farrell has never been in the 
employment of the Baptist Society; 
bnt Mr. Fraser, the inspector of the 
Hibernian Society, has lately opened 
a school for her, at the opening of 
which some children were, of course, 
collected. 

I still, fearless of contradiction, con- 
tinue to assert, that the Baptist So- 
ciety were the first persons who stept 
forward to afford education to the poor 
of this benighted neighbourhood; and 
I do affirm, that, up to this hour, the 
Kildare-street Association never es- 
tablished a school in this vicinity, or 
under my patronage. It is true they ' 
have most humanely aided my views, 
by instructing the teachers in the ap- 
proved system of education — have 
granted some money to provide furni- 
ture, have given books, and, on their 
inspector's report, have granted gra- 
tuities to the most deserving of the 
teachers ; but, as to a salary, never has 
one been given, or a school been open- 
ed by them : they have only acted in 
furtherance of the exertions of indivi- 
duals of other societies. The adults, 
who hava received instruction from 
the Irish readers, are so numerous, 
that, in fact, it would be tedious and 
impossible, in the scope of a letter, to 
enumerate them, and several of those 
who have seceded from Popery have 
signed a document, expressing their 
sentiments, which has been sent you. 

With respect to the insinuation of 
Mr. Vaughan, why I have been re- 
moved from the commission of the 
peace, the following extract from a 
letter which I received, by order of the 
Lord Chancellor, will fully explain 
that matter : — 

" Sir — Your name, with many 
others of respectability, was included 
in the general supersedeas which is- 
sued, and the same was not occasioned 
by any imputation affecting your cha- 
racter or conduct." 

I cannot but wonder what could in- 
duce Mr. Vaughan to insinuate, he did 
not know me to be a clergjrman, or that 
>he never heard of any part of the 
ehurch being committed to my care, 
when it iB a notorious fact, that I have, 
since ray ordination, been in the con- 
stant habit (with the consent of my se- 
veral diocesans,) of assisting my fa- 
ther, and other clergymen, in the ex- 
ecution of the duties- of their ministry, 
fiMticularly every Sunday these »e- 



renX months pASt, I performed my fa- 
ttier's duties, in consequence of his be- 
iug unable to do so, being cdnfined to 
his house from the effects of wounds 
he received from the hands of assassins. 
Mr. Vaughan must allow, my pri*> 
rate property itself has been quite suf* 
ficient to afford me every comfort, and 
that my adojHion of the church, for 
my profession, was from choice, and 
not from necessity. 

With respect to McCarthy's affidavit, 
baring spoken to him on the subject of 
it, he, before several persons, replied 
to me in the following words : — " It 
cannot be helped ! ! ! at any rate, sure. 
Sir, Guerin need not complain, for you 
have given him a cheaper and better 
house than mine, and which will an- 
swer him better! ! !" thereby, I think, 
implying he did take away the house 
from him. 

On Sunday, 26th January last, Mr. 
Edward Powers, before respectable 
persons, openly censured Mr. 
Vaughan's conduct, in turning Bush 
out of the chapel ; his letter, therefore, 
so contrary to what he then expressed, 
is truly amazing, but such is the in- 
fluence of priestly authority. — I now 
shall conclude, having, I hope, suffi- 
ciently answered every statement in 
this gentleman's letter. 

I remain, my dear Sir, 

Very faithfully, yours, 
John Read. 
The Rev. Joseph Ivimey, &c. &c. 



No. 2. 



I CERTIFY that I have been for about 
four years well acquainted with the 
progress and conduct of several of the 
schools establisiied by the Baptist 
Irish Society in this county. Three of 
them I have constantly visited, and I 
caji, with strict truth, affirm, that, not- 
withstanding the opposition given to 
tliem from time to time, they have 
made great progress, and have al- 
ready, I trust, been a source of great 
benefit to the children who attend 
them. I know of no one instance in 
which the masters or mistresses of 
these schools have been guilty of any 
misconduct. I know that the teachers 
of all these schools, which have fallen 
under my inspection, have been puic- 
tually paid their salaries, as I do be- 
lieve they have well deserved them. 
I have been so thoroughly convinced 
of the blessings conferred on our poor 
ignorant peasantry, by the benevolent 
exertions .of the Society^ that Mrs. 
Colpoys and I have become subscribers 



imSH €HR0KIC1«E» 



^M) 



to it for the U«t two yearf . After a 
careful iiTvastiKAtion of the {nrinciples 
on which the different societies, who 
afford the benefits of a mor«l and reli- 
Kioas education to our poor, proceed, 
I have preferred putting a school, un- 
tjermycare, under the protection of 
the baptist Society, and I have every 
reason to feel pleased at having done 
go. The Rev. Mr. Thomas, who, for 
some years past, has, with indefatiga- 
ble steal, devoted himself to the care 
of these schools, has never, to my 
knowledge (and I think he could not 
in this neighbourhood do it unknown 
to me) interfered in any manner with 
the religious principles or doctrines 
of the Roman Catholic children in 
them ; and, though these few lines 
will probably pass through his hands, 
he must excuse me for adding, that I 
feel a peculiar pleasure in this oppor- 
tunity of adding my testimony of ap- 
probation of his conduct, in every par- 
ticular, to those which will, I am sure, 
be offered by every unprejudiced per- 
son he may think proper to appeal to. 

J. COLPOYS, 

Justice of the Peace for the 
County of Clare, 

Balhfoany 17th March, 1824. 



ittgs. The ditfvision t^tfae bl«if ted Word 
of God must ever excite the enmity of 
those opposed to it. — ^This, and lliis 
only, is *' the head and front of the 
Society's offending." i trust, however, 
notwithstanding the present opposi- 
tion, which, I em free to admit, has 
lessened the numbers of the children 
in attendance upon some of the schools, 
that the people of this country will 
soon clearly see the blessings of the 
religious education offered them, and 
that the friends of this Society will 
not be induced, by any circumstance, 
of the description that has occurred, 
to lessen their exertions in aid of its 
most desirable and benevolent objects. 
The conduct of the masters, mis- 
tresses, and readers, as far as I have 
had opportunity of judging, his been 
unexceptionable ; and, -though this pa- 
per will pass through the hands of the 
Rev. Mr. Thomas, it would be injus- 
tice to him, on my part, not to add, 
that a more active, zealous, and inde- 
fatigable minister, the Society cannot 
have. 

Thomas Maiion, 

Magistrate, Co. Clare. 

EnniSy March 17, 1824. 



No. 3. 



It would, in my mind, be deeply re- 
prehensible in any one desirous for the 
moral and religious improvement of 
the benighted peasantry of this coun- 
try, to withhold his fullest declaration 
of the benevolence and zeal manifested 
by the Baptist Irish Society, and those 
connected with it here, especially in 
the present war of opposition raised 
against it ; and, with this feeling, I 
cannot refrain from expressing my 
humble testimony, that of. all the so- 
cieties now engaged in the meliora- 
tion of our population, not one has 
been more actively or extensively use- 
ful amongst us. Its operations have 
been prior, to those of any other, and 
the principal sphere of them (the 
neighbourhood of Scariff,) the remotest 
and most darkened part of this coun- 
ty. I have «een, with great pain, the 
length to which those who are opposed 
to the dissemination of the holy scrip- 
tures have been tempted to proceed, 
in circulating statements appearing 
(as far as I can trace them,) to be ma- 
licious and unfounded, respecting this 
Society; but,however such conduct may 
be deplored, it is consolatory to reflect, 
that it affords but another corroborating 
pw)ofoftfi« Society 's'tfficieilt proceed- 



No. 4. 



Ctare, Ennis, 19th March. 

The Baptist Society have a schoc4 
in the parish of Clare, which I have 
frequently inspected, and this circum- 
stance has not only made me acquaint- 
ed with the principles of the Society, 
as it respects education, but also led 
to an intimacy with the Rev. Mr. 
Thomas, superintendent in the district. 

In my opinion, the system of educa- 
tion is that most calculated to be of 
use among the poor of this part of the 
kingdom, and was it not for the oppo- 
sition of the Romish priesthood, the 
schools every where would be crowd- 
ed. I have uniformly found any sug- 
gestion or complaint unfounded, as to 
the conduct oft emasters, attended 
to by the Rev. Mr. Thomas, and his 
selection of masters and mistresses 
most unexceptionable. In this parish, 
the Baptist Sodety school flourishes, 
while one I had established, in con- 
nexion with the KiWare Place Society, 
has been put down by the denuncia- 
tions of the Popish priest. As the 
system in the two schools was nearly 
the same, I attribute the existence rtf 
the Baptist school, at present, to the 
judicious selection of a master. 

As to the disposition of the people 
generally, I know it to he fevoural^le 



.«20 



tKISH CHRONICLE. 



ko cdootion, and 1 can coafidunlt]' 
■tate, thitthe parenli or ohildren have 
no objection to the scripture!, anil, wm 
it not for tbe (almoit) neekl; denun- 
ciatioDs at the chapel, would gtadlj 
forward the Tien* of thia, and everr 
olbei Society which hai the monl and 
religiouB improremen t of tbe peasantry 
at heart ; but, witnesBins, as I do, the 
noDBtant and unabated hostility which 
•lists to the dissemination of the 
Word ofOod, and, knowing the prin- 
(Hple* of the Bapliil Society, as to edu- 
cation, and coDimitting the scriptures 
to memory, I feel it my duty to state 
that I do not think either the super- 
intendent or masters conld conscienti- 
ouily perform their duty, without 
bringing on them the marked displi^a- 
■nre of tbe Roman Catholic priest- 

Wm. YorsG, 



No. 5. 
We, the undersigned schoolmasters, 
Bchoolmistresses, and readers of the 
Iiish Scriptures, under the Baptist 
Irish Society, in the county of Clate, 
ire. in contradiction of the false and 
unfounded assertionsof Mr. Vaughan 
and Mr. Carr, parish priests of Scariff 
and Norwich, pub liehed in the Noi- 
wich Mercury of the 13th December, 
ISaa, and 2Ist February, 1824, say- 
ing, " If those ■ Protestants in Eng. 
.land, who have subscribed to Mr. Jii- 
mey's Society, knew the ose made of 
their money, I am persuaded they 
would not give a farthing :" and that 
therewere no schools in the counties 
of Clare and Galway ; do hereby cer- 
tify, thatwe have Iw en regularly and 
punctually paid the wiiole of our sala- 
ries respectively as they became due, 
every three months, by the Kev. Wm. 
Hennas, for which we feel truly grate- 
fel to tbe Baptist Irish Society, and to 
tliose kind friends who have assisted 
tbem in Uieworkof faith and labour 
of lore, and especiall; for their great 
kindaeMiQadvancingour salaries be- 
fen tkey beeuie due, daring the pe- 
riod, in tSSS, when funine so widely 
frar^ledUiTaugboatUtecoualTy. We 

-also certify, that onndwolsluid been 
U Ae moat {Rospeitms and Sooriibing 
eoaditioB nntil the crmmenceiBent of 
Dm prwent quarter, when the violmt 

'ttrcMesinga and deauiiciMioDs of the 
piwti, etpeciaUyirf' Me- VangfaaH, of 

«wlf,-<WtMar»My pmrsiled— Uten- 



delndnl Bmnh Catkolic nei^boon, 



(far whose ipiiituaranfftenporal wet< 
far«.wef<sel deeply Intereatcd,) were 
compelled to witlidraw their <dUIdren 
from some of the schools, which, being 
fully sensible of the ^vantages Ibey 
derived from them, both in education 
and morality, they did with the great- 
est grief and reluctance. 

We also feel grateful to the Kildare 
Place Society, for promoting the edu- 
cation of the poor of Ireland. Mr. 
Mills, their inspector, haviDg visited 
several of onr schools, and consider- 
able premiums having been awarded 
and paid to some of os, in consequence 
of his report of their improved and 
flourishing condition, for the truth of 
which we would beg leave to refer li> 
that gentleman, and to the valuable 
and respectable Society by which he 
is employed. 
Althoughsomecf the masters andlrith 
scripture readers have left theChurch of 
Rome, we Bolemnly declare, that no 
individual, connected with the Baptist 
Irish Society, ever solicited them or ns 
to became members of the Baptist de- 
nominntion, or interfered in any way 
with the religion of the children in the 
schools, or made any attempts lo pro- 
selyte Ihem, DDT have any of those who 
have so left the Roman Church, be- 
come members of the Baptist Cbnreh. 

Given under our hands, the IBth 
day of March, 1S%4. 
Signed by twenty-nine persons. 

No. 6. 
We, the undersigned, Protestant in- 
habitants of Scariff and its vicinity, ia 
contrvdiction to the false oaaertioni <d 
priest Vaughan, in a letter which ap- 
peared in the Norwich Mercnry of the 
13(h December, isas, in which he 
states, " In justice to the Protestants 
ofthis neighbourhood, I must say that 
they, vrith one only exception, jtna 
with every Catholic in reprotiatiDg the 
vile and insidious system of proselyt- 
ism, under pretence of education, and 
they justly consider, that H is only 
calculated to make hypocrites and im- 
postors, to excite religious dineB- 
sions, and lo procure do good what- 
ever;"— do hereby certify that the 
above paragraph ia utterly false, and 
that we have not, either in public or 
private, directly or indirectly, joined 
with bim, or any others of his denomi- 
tiation, in reflecting on a humane and 
benevolent Society, whoge objeot, we 
are confidently assured, is the toi- 
porol and spiritual welbre of |i|e aoff 
of this miiarable and beni^ttMTiRMn- 
try.— GiT«B onderour Iwnd*; MiNfc, 
1^1. 

Si«ne4b; t 



221 



Mift^iomv^ ^ttdilK 



NOTicr. 

The Tt^asurers of Auxiliary Societies, and otfier friends who mag 
have Monies in hand on account of the Society, are respectfully re* 
minded that the Treasurer's account for the year will close on the 
1st .of J line, which renders it necessary that all payments intended 
to appear in the Appendix to the next Report, should he made in thc^ 
course of the present month. It is requested that the respective ac^' 
counts may he sent properly balanced, to the Secretary, No. 6, Fen^ 
court, Fonchurch street, accompanied by the lists of Subscribers, Sfc. 
in alphabetical order. Due attention to this Notice will prevent 
delay in the closing of the Society's accounts, and consequently fact" 
litate the early publication of the Report. 



BAPTIST MISSION. 



\^tmz ProceeUCngg* 



SEVEN OAKS. 



Th£ Annual Public Meeting in this 
town, on behalf of the Society, was 
held at J^r. Shirley's meeting, on Wed- 
nesday, March 17. Mr. Dyer, Secre- 
tary to the Parent Society, preached 
in jthi» afternoon ; and the meeting for 
boflinegs was held in the evening, when 
Thomas Chapman, Esq. presided with 
his. visual kindness and ability. Hie 
Rer. Messrs. Moore and Munro, In- 
dependent ministers at Tonbridge; 
Ciuipman of Porman's Land, Rogers 
of Famingham, Morris of Borough 
Green, Harris of Sevenoaks, with the 
nmiister of the place, took part in the 
business of the evening, and materially 
OMUributed, by their appropriate ad- 
dresses, to the interest excited. The 
sum collected was upwards of £20 ; 
among which we noticed, with pecu- 
liar pleasure, the contents of several 
^, 9(issionary Boxes,' which had been 
d|sfaribute4, some time in the preceding 
ye9r,^<A^|Qng several of the juvenile 
fiienda in the congregation. ' Such a 
.mpdd of enabling our youthful friends 
tt ^^qN[' tbfl^ attachment to the cause 
of:.Mia[^ns>- must approve itself to 
D f^ f ap uK ho 4^y. esfimajte the impor- 
tance of that causQ, and the powf jpfcil 



influence of habits formed in early 
life; and the Committee will rejoice 
to aid it, to the utmost of their power, 
by supplying boxes to such friends as 
may be disposed to adopt the plan in 
the circle of their connexions. 



BEDFORDSHIRE. 



vnmbi'Xyj.^ 



•• •• -n." 



The Third Anniversary of the Bed- 
fordshire Auxiliary Missionary Society 
was held at Houghton -Regis and Dun- 
stable, on Thursday, April 8. In the 
morning, at Houghton, the Rev. T. 
Middleditch, one of the Secretaries, 
commenced the serviee by reading the 
scriptures and prayer: the Key. 8. 
Hillyard, the other Secretary, then 
briefly stated the objects of the So- 
ciety, which is to promote the general 
cause of Missions ; and John Foster, 
Esq. the Treasurer, announced the 
receipts for the past year. On the 
motion of C. J. Metcalfe, Esq. se- 
conded by the Rev. W. Anderson, the 
Officers of the Society were requested 
to continue their services for the pre- 
sent year. The Rev. T. C. Edmonds, 
M. A. of Cambridge, preached a very 
excellent sermon upon the Effvsioii of 
the Holy S^Hrit on the Day of Pente- 
cost, from Actsii. 1 — 4; and the Rev. 
Q. Browne, of St. Albans, coneladed. 
In the evening, the Rev. Rowiasd 
Hill, M. A. preached to a TeryoKywii- 
ed auditory at Dunstable, from INkIhi 
it. 8. A great nvmber of ^gmamm^ 



2^t 



MISSIONARY HRHAMK 



ing unable to get into the meeting, the 
Rev. S. Hillyard preached at the same 
time in another j^lace — and the ser- 
vices were truly interesting. 

Previous to the separation of the 
meeting, 

It was resolved unanimously, 

That this meeting sincerely and deeply 
sympathizes with the Directors of the 
London Missionary Society » on the death 
of their excellent Missionary, the late 
Rev. John Smith, of Demerara, who 
doubtless conducted himself in every re- 
spect as became a good subject of the 
British government, as well as a faithful 
servant of Jesus Christ: and while the 
conduct pursued by the Directors on this 
occasion is heartily approved, it is ear- 
nestly hoped that the melancholy event 
will further the interests of this Society, 
as well as the general cause of Missions. 



GREAT MISSENDEN. 



JToreCgn 3fttteUigent?. 



On Monday, April 19, was held the 
Annual Meeting of the Missionary As- 
sociation, instituted, two years ago, 
in this highly favoured village. In the 
absence of James Stephen, Esq. Mas- 
ter in Chancery, who was unexpected- 
ly detained in town, the Chair was ta- 
ken by the Rev. Richard Marks, the 
pious Vicar of the parish. A brief re- 
port of the proceedings of the last year 
was read by the Rev. S. R. Allom, one 
of the Secretaries, from which it ap- 
peared that, in the preceding fifteen 
months, more than £64. had been 
raised by the kind and persevering ex- 
ertions of the Christian females by 
whom this society is conducted. In 
proposing the various Resolutions, 
suitable addresses were delivered by 
the Rev. W. Stephen, Vicar of Bled- 
low ; Tomlin and Hall of Chesham, 
Cooper and May of Amersham, Dyer 
of London, and others. A sermon 
was delivered in the evening, at the 
Baptist Meeting, by Mr. Dyer, Trom 
Matt. vi. 10. 



ANNUAL SERMONS. 



The Committee are happy to state, 
that their esteemed brethren, the Rev. 
Christopher Anderson of Edinburgh, 
and the Rev. Thomas Morgan of Bir- 
mingham, are expected to preach the 
sermons at the next Anniversary of the 
Society. Particulars of the respective 
services will be published, as usual, 
in oor next Nun^ber. 



SERAMPORE. 

Many of our readers, we doubt 
not, perused, with grateful joy, 
the statement inserted in our 
Number for March, from the pen 
of the excellent Dr. Carey, of the 
continued good health with whicti 
he had been favoured. It has 
pleased God, however, since 
that letter was written, to visit 
his servant with an affliction, 
which brought his life for a sea- 
son, into imminent danger, and 
from the effects of which it is 
feared he will never fully recover. 
The illness to which we allude 
was brought on by an accident. 
In the month of October last, as 
the Doctor was stepping out of 
a boat at Calcutta, which our 
readers will recollect lies on the 
opposite side of the river from 
Serampore, he fell, and received 
a local injury, which terminated 
in fever. Some further particu- 
lars are contained in the follow* 
ing account from the Doctor's 
nephew, Mr. Eustace Carey ; and 
though the letter containing it 
was not intended for publication, 
we feel that the general esteem 
in which the eminent individual 
referred to is held throughout 
the whole Christian church, de- 
mands its insertion in our pages. 
It is dated Nov. 20, 1823. 

'' You will be much pained to hear 
of the s«vere illness of my beloved 
uncle. A fall, which occasioned a 
violent contusion in one of the princi- 
pal ligaments which hold the thigh 
bone in the socket, was the means of 
bringing on a fever, from which no 
one expected his recovery. But God 
mercifully heard prayer on his behalf. 
Three or four medical gentlemen w«re 
daily intent about his case, amongst 
whom was his old scientific Mend, Dr. 
Wallich of the Company's Gardens. 
My Lord and Lady Amherst also, 
were constant in the most affectionate 
inquiries, and sent over their o^nprU 



MISSIONAUY HBKALf>. t& 

vate sargeoB, Dr. Abel, a rery kind accessfon of men whost hearts 

man, 8u that no aid was wanting:. He ^,,^j ^^s touched- with tlic right 
IS convalescent, but very weak, — goes .. , ^ • i_ j •*! fi. 

with crutches, iid, we f«ar, will nev^r '"Otives, and famished with the 

again be very strong. However, his necessary qualifications, for ser- 

spirit is unbroken. ' God/ he says, vice therein ! 
* will continue me in this world as long m ^ m 

as he has any thing for me to do ; and 

why should I wish to live longer?' A HOWRAH. 
few days since, I had a most pleasing Extract of a Letter from Mr, Slatham^ 
interview with him, and was much de- dated Howrahy Oct. 21, 1833. 
lighted with his discourse. So free ^^ j^^^^ experienced a terrible in- 
iVom all anxiety as to his spiritual undatiou at Howrah in consequence of 
stote, and yet so simple and so self- ^^e bunds, or embankments, of thir 
abased ! I have none of that joyfn j ^^^^ ^.j^j^^ ^^^^ ^l^^J ^^^^^^ 
experience some speak ol ; all I plead ^.f^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^^^ giving way, 
for is mercy. I soar no higher When .^ ^j^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^ rushing into all the 
I am dead I wish no one to say a ^^^^^ ,^„„j swept all before them, 
word about me, m my praise. AH ,„ ^ompouLd the waters rose three 
my life has been sm, full of sin. Who- f^^j \^ six^^kours ; we were obliged to 
ever preaches my funeral 5ermon, I ^ ^^^ and flee for our lives. The 
had made choice of these words :-" Be ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^j^^ ^^^ „^. 
mrc^fui y^ntome, O God, according ^ ^^j^ ^j^^.^ few moveables upon 
to thy t^tng^ktndness, according to the their heads, wading through the wa. 
muUttude of thy tender mercies, blot ^^^ breast high, and uttering the most 
out my transgressions: wash me tho^ j^^^i ^^es. i think above five thou- 
roughly fnm mine ini^urft;, and cleanse ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ j^ ^^^ ^ ^^ 
mfyrommy«n,&c.'" tears gushing this state. On speaking to them on 
from his eyes while repeating over and ^^ probable cause, some said, it was 
over again the above expressions. He Krishna again assuming the shape of 
appears to me more lovely and vene- ^ ^y^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ t|jl i^,^„^ ^^ 
rable than ever. N^er, perhaps, was ^^ters ; others said, the celebrated 
such general and affectionate interest ^^eer, who lives beneatb a banian 
excited about an individual, of com- ^^^ ^^^^^ neighbourhood, had caused 
paratively private character, as was ^ because he had been abused and 
entertained by ^1 classes during his j^J^^e^ ^ ^^^ ^^ji^^ l^„t ^^^^ ^^ 
illness. The public papers daily con- ^^^^ ^^.^^ ^ ^^^ p^^^ I endeavoured 
tamed a notice respectang him. for- to convince them that none can perform 
warded, I believe, by Dr. Wallich. ^^^h operations but God, and that a 
Wc are gratified to be able to God far different from their gods ; ex- 
add, that a letter, dated seven *»^biting the contrast as forcibly as I 
I ' , . .1 Ji 1- possibly could. I was obliged to take 
days later than the preceding, f ^ouse, and remove my family and 
informs us that "Dr. Carey is goods by boats, about two miles up 
slill mending." It is impossible, the river. In a few daj^s the waters^ 
however, to avoid the conclusion, subsided, and owing to the exertions 
I ra'. «:^ :♦ «.«« u^ *k«* 01 *he magistrates in cutting drains, 
however afnicUng it may be, that &^ ^^ J^^^^ i, „^^ d,y \ ^^^ a 

this eminent servant of God is boat and went into the jungles, think - 

approaching the period in which ing some poor creatures might be left 

he shall have accomplished the behind. It was so; f6r as we ap- 

.. I •-,«.. u;«» »rv -ri.v o.iri ^»«».. proached a thick clump of bamboos we 

work g ven him to do, and enter g^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ ^^j^^ ^^,ji„g ^^^ j^^jp 

upon the nobler engagements ot it was an old man, who, with his wifc^ 

a better world. Oh that, in mer- were up to the chin in water, and as 

cy to the church and the world, a tbey could not swim, were afraid to 

-111 ^ ♦:«« ^tk:- on.:»:* »..„., u« stir from the top of their thatched roof; 

double portion of his spirit may be ^j^^ ^^^^^^ ,j J^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^„,j 

poured out upon many ; and that materials (viz. mud) having fallen, -w^e 
the^eause of the gospel in India, took them into the boat, and so ex- 
Weakened as it is by the removals hausted were they tliat it was with 

of some, and growing infirmities S"\^,;tUt„:"'wffo*^„d'"i: 

of others, who have been en- young man in the same manner upon 

gaged in i^> tnay receive a speedy his falltn roof ; butnd intr«Aties would 



t24 



MISSIONARY HBRALD. 



imluoa Mm to get into th« boat, as he 
said beneath all his property lay, con- 
sisting of two bottles or skins of oil, 
and a box with a few clothes, and he 
had rather lose his life than them. Op- 

Ksite to my dwelling the Mussulmans 
ve a smidl mosque, and about fifty 
of them surrounded it up to their waists 
in water, crying out incessantly for 
six hours, Allah, allah. How did 
this remind me of the words of Christ, 
*' Use not fain repetitions, as the 
heathen do, who think they shall be 
heard for their much speaking," On 
their quitting their mosque, I sent a 
number of tracts to them; some re- 
ceived them, others seeming very angry 
that the waters had not subsided, re- 
jected them. When the waters had 
retired, it was a mournful sight that 
presented itself. Hundreds of habi- 
tations swept away, and the country 
deserted. They are now returning, 
and Imve nearly rebuilt all. Calcutta 
being the other side of the Hooghly, 
escaped. My native schools are full, 
and the scriptures are now the only 
books read in them. Two native cha- 
pels are in progress, and this morning 
an old brahmin came to my house and 
begged I would give him one of our 
«hasiers, declaring that he was dissa- 
tisfied with Ills own. He appeared 
very sincere in his declaration. I gave 
him a Bengalee New Testament and 
an English one, as he reads and speaks 
English fluently ; and he has promised 
to come every day, as he lives but 
about half a mile from me. I called 
yesterday to see an old native sister, 
who is very ill, but who enjoys the 
greatest consolation from the gospel. 
She is a widow of about seventy years, 
and has ever since her conversion 
walked worthy of the vocation where- 
with she was called. In conversing 
with her, she expressed a wish to de- 
part and be 'with Christ, and this for 
reasons the most pleasing — that she 
might be delivered from sin and temp- 
tation, and (to use her own words) 
ever and ever thank him for saving 
such a sinner as she was. Her expe- 
rience is of a nature to edify the most 
humble Christian, for she is the hum- 
blest of the humble. Oh that the 
laord would send more labourers ! If 
your dear brethren and sisters could 
but see what I see, I am convinced 
they would, if possible, send us help. 



MOORSHEDABAD. 
OuB active brother Suttou has 



at length been compelled to sus- 
pend bis exertions for a season ; 
and to re-visit his native land as 
the onl^ remaining expedient that 
can be employed with a view to 
his recovery. This intelligence, 
painful, though not unexpected, 
is contained in a letter, dated 
2lst October last, of which the 
following is an extract. 

" Since I last wrote I have been 
brought very near to the gates of death 
by a severe fever, and after the fever 
left me I was attacked with a liver 
complaint, under which I am now suf- 
fering. But, blessed be God! I am 
in some measure recovered, and am 
enabled to move about and call upon 
my friends ; yet I am not able to preach, 
and am so debilitated, and have had 
so many attacks of severe illness dur- 
ing the last two years, that all my 
friends, and the medical gentlemen I 
have consulted, are fully of opinion 
that my only hope of restoration to 
health is to try my native country. I 
am, therefore, preparing for my return 
to England by the first opportunity, 
and shall probably leave Calcutta in 
November or December. I am griev- 
ed beyond measure at the necessity of 
my return ; and if the Lord of the har- 
vest would give me strength to conti- 
nue in this part of his vineyard, I 
should be happy ; but I have now 
adopted every method to gain strength 
in vain. I am often fearful I shall 
never be able again to labour much 
for my blessed Master, and am dis- 
tressed at the idea ; but all my con- 
cerns are guided by him, and I wish 
to feel a full reliance upon his good- 
ness, and submission to his dispensa- 
tions. This I know, that hitherto all 
his dispensations towards me have 
been full of mercy and truth ; and hap- 
piness from divine consolation has been 
mixed with all my woe. I received, a 
few days since, your welcome letter 
of February, in which you mention . 
the approbation of the Committee to 
my returning, if necessary, for which 
I feel thankful ; but at the same time 
I can say, I should be far happier in 
staying, if there was a probability of 
my having strength to labour for the 
good of the heathen." 

The arrival of Mr. Sutton may 
be daily expecttd. 



MISSIONARY HBRALI^. 



i2S 



DIGAH. 



Mr. Joshua Rowe, our IVUssionary 
at this station, has finished his course, 
and heen called to enter into the joy 
of Ilia Lord ! Information of this pain- 
ful event has reached us, from Mr. 
Statham, at Howrah, under date of 
October 24. It occurred on the 11th 
of that month, and is attributed to a 
cold caught in returning at night from 
the neighbouring village of Bankipore, 
where he had been to preach. No ad- 
ditional particulars from the spot have 
yet reached us. 

By the death of Mr. Rowe, the So- 
ciety has been deprived of an able and 
diligent coadjutor, who has been la- 
bouring for many years to promote the 
gospel in the East. His time of life 
was such as to afford a reasonable hope 
of prolonged activity ; as he was only 
forty-two years of age, twenty of which 
had been passed in India. But God 
teeth not as man seeth; by such dispen- 
sations as these he teaches us the 
great lesson of submission to his righ- 
teous and sovereign will, and calls us, 
in an impressive voice, to fix our hopes 
and expectations on Himself alone ! 

Mr. Rowe was married, a second 
time, about six years since, to Mrs. 
Sus£^nna White, who went out in the 
Missionary service from our Sister So- 
ciety in the United States. She sur- 
viv«s to mourn his loss, with three 
small children, besides three sons of 
Mr. Rowe*8 by his former marriage. 
Mrs. Rowe, as our readers are aware, 
has been eminently useful in the school 
department at Digah, and we trust 
will be disposed to remain at the 
station with a view of continuing her 
exertions in that much needed work. 
The friends of the Society will not, we 
are persuaded, withhold their sym- 
pathy from this family, thus unexpect- 
edly deprived of their earthly head 
and protector ! 

We must be pecmitted to add, that 
events such as those it has become, 
in this number, our mournful duty to 
record, have a voice especially directed 
to those servants of God whom he has 
qualified for Missionary employments. 
Our Careys, our Wards, our Cham- 
berlains, our Rowes, are receding, one 
after another, from the field of honour- 
able labour. Who will succeed them ? 
Where are the humble, patient, zea- 
lous, self-denying men, prompted by 
love to Christ, and compassion for the 
heathen, to reply, Here arc we, send 
us'f We are well aware, that it is not 
«rtry Christian, nor every minister, 



who is fitted for this especial service; 
and those must peruse Missionary ac- 
counts with a very unobservant eye^ 
who do not perceive that, in India es- 
pecially, a Missionary requires endow- 
ments, intellectual as well as spiritua), 
which are not very generally bestow- 
ed. But He who has so evidently 
prompted his servants to begin the 
great work, will provide the suitable 
instruments for carrying it on; and 
we cannot, for a moment, doubt that 
such are, even now, here and there, 
among our churches, like the modest 
proto-monarch of Israel, hid among the 
stuff, 1 Sam. X. 22. Our ministers- 
will perform a service acceptable to 
God and their brethren, by looking 
around them to discover individuals of 
tliis description, who may be encou- 
raged at least to address themselves 
to the inquiry, whether, to them, the 
admonition may not be justly applied. 
Arise, for this matter belongeth vnifr 
thee, Ezra x. 4. 



PADANG. 

Extract of a Letter from Mr. Evans to 
Dr, Ryland, dated 

Padangy Sept, 11, 1823. 
Since my last I have been merci- 
fully restored to health, so far as to 
be able to pursue my engagements 
without interruption. I still feel at 
times powerful symptoms of my com- 
plaint, which convinces me it is not 
eradicated ; but I trust it will be kept 
under, and that I shall not be again 
laid up. During these last three 
months I have been among the Malays 
a great deal, preaching, or rather 
talking, to large and attentive congre- 
gations. They do not seem unwilling 
to learn, but they will not receive the 
truth into their hearts ; apart from di- 
vine influence they are the most un- 
likely people to believe the gospel. 
Those who haTe the least information 
tell us they believe in Jesus Chridt, 
are acquainted with his history, and 
revere him ad one of the great pro- 
phets, but cannot admit as true for a 
moment any thing respecting him not 
to be found in their own books. I have 
indeed met with some who say, that 
all of the New Testament, (i, e, as far 
as they have read or heard,) is trUe, 
but will have it, at the same time, that 
the Koran, and all their books, are 
true likewise, notwithstanding in the 
most essential parts they are as oppo- 
site to each other as light to darkness. 
With my own Moooshee I have had 



S!i6 



HISSIONAHY HBUALIt. 



repeated conTtrsatiuiis dpon Ih* grea 
quesiiun. He cannot controvert ao 
doctripe uf the goapel ; when 1 stat 
thiim he ■&;■ the; are true, with on 
exception, viz. our incapacity of doin, 
any tiling to reconunend ourselvei t 
God. He will persist in the efficac; 
of hu five daily prayers, yet I am no 
without hope that He who coinmaiid 
light to shine out of darkness wll 
shine into his heart. Itrother Robinsoi 
baa lately puhlished a tract on the wa; 
ofsalvatiou — very good. I have now ii 
hand, what 1 fear will be rather i 
Ion; work, A Compendious History o 
the Bible. The Malays are so fond o 
asking questions re&perling the pa 
triarchs and prophets, and tUe princi 
pal evEnta recorded iti the scriptures 
which, dialorted and mntilated, havt 
found their way into their books, thai 
I thought somelhipg of that kind would 
be very useful. I have sent nine sheetf 
to Bencoolen for Mr. Rabineoa's opin- 
ion, but fear they eannot afford to print 
it, should it appear desirable. 1 have 
lately ('i.f. within three months) dia- 
tributeil 9 Bibles, 46 Testaments, S5 
Gospels of Matthew, S3 Robinson's 
Hymns, and of Tarious tracts which 
he has written, SUl. Many of these 
I have fjiien away to persona who have 
come to my house requesting them, but 
by far the greater part in the public 
bazars. I cannot help looking upon 
all this as seed sown. May the good 
Lord of the harvest water it, and len- 
der it abundantly fruitful '. 



MONTEGO BAY. (Jarnmca.) 

Since our last publication ive have 
had the pleasure to hear of the safe 
arrival of our friends, Mr. and Mrs. 
Burchell, at MontEgo Bay. They 
reached this port about the middle of 
January, alter a voyage of nine weeka. 
Mr. Burchell speaks in the highest 
tenns of the kind and friendly atten- 
tions of Capt. Fengilly, of thi Garland 
Grove, and of the orderly and moral 
condnct of the crew. 

Mr. Burchell was received, with 
much courtesy, by the gentleman on 
whose estate Mr. Tripp resided, while 
in Jamaica; and commenced his la- 
bours at Flamstead on Lord'a-day, 
January 35, by preaching from Luke 
il. 10, Beluiid, I iriag you gtmd tidings 
tj great joy. His fntnie course of ope- 
rations is not definitivelj' settled; but 
it is probable that he wilt reside in 
Montego Bay, a town of very conai- 
(ler»bIe,fopul«tton, and vi$it Flun- 



slead once a fortnight. His reteplion 
at the former place was highly encou- 
raging; and contrary to the expecta- 
tions of many, he succeeded in ob- 
taiuing a license at the quarter sea- 
(ions, which were held a few days 
after his arrival. 

ThenecesBity of filinga Missionary 
at Montego Bay has long been fell, 
but the expense has deterred the Com- 
mittee from the at tempt, hitherto. It 
is now undertaken, with a humble re- 
liance on the divine blessing, and the 
firm expectation that the friends of the 
Society will not be backward to sup- 
ply the requisite means. 



MOSQUITO SHORE. 
VTe stated, some time ago, the 
intention of the Committee (o com- 
mence a Mission in this new qnarter, 
— a design which they were encou- 
raged to form by the liberality of a 
rriend, who has heen a previous bene- 
Tactor of several hundred pounds to 
the Society, and generously proposes 
lo defray the eipense of atteoding the 
^uipment of a Missionary and Ids 
ivife for the station. We have now to 
nfurm our friends that Mr. Jolin Flem- 
n^, who has been for some lime use- 

er in Wiltshire, has offered himselt 
or this service, and been accepted. 
-le is now engaged in acquiring a 
LDowIedge of the British system of 
«lu cation, and some acquaintance 
vith the Spanish language, and will 
irobably sail in a few weeks for his 
lestination. Messrs. G. F. Angaa and 
]o. to whom the Society are already 
inder such considerable obligatiuK 
ur conveying their Missionaries free 
f expense to the M'eslern world, hare 
lost cheerfully renewed their kind- 



nlhisii 






London Missionary Society. 

DEMERAKA. 

The painful events which have trans- 
ired at this station, ariaingfrom the 
Ite partJal insurrection among the 
laves in the colony, aud the attempts 
) implicate Mr. timith, ons of the 
lissionaries of the London Missionary 
ociety, in the guilt and penal con- 
^uencea of that rebellion, HJX mat- 
ers of such notoriety, that we pre- 
iime few, if any, of our readers, can 
e ignorant of them. 

Thai, in Demetara, the tteatmsitt 



MISSIONARY HERALD. 



2^7 



of the slave population has been dis- 
tinguislied by peculiar severity — and 
that, long previously to the disturb- 
ances we have referred to, a most de- 
termined spirit of scornful hostility 
ai^ainst ChristianMissionaries had been 
discovered in the colony, arefacts which 
no one, we apprehend, will be found 
to deny. That Uie former should, at 
length, produce somethinj^ in the na- 
ture of reaction on the part of the suf- 
ferers, is not surprising : that the lat- 
ter should have issued in attempts to 
destroy an innocent man there seemed, 
at first, too much reason to fear— and 
a careful perusal of the documents 
which have been made public respect- 
ing this melancholy transaction, will 
not tend to counteract this impression. 

Thongh we are not aware that, up 
to the time of our writing, the Officers 
of the Society have received any direct 
information of the death of Mr. Smith, 
there can be no doubt that the state- 
ment, which originally appeared in a 
Barbadoes paper, is substantially cor- 
rect. As little can it be questioned 
that the confinement of a man, of in- 
firm health, for more than six months, 
in a colonial gaol, in the torrid aone, 
served to hasten his dissolution. — ^To 
himself, we feel assured, the change 
was unspeakably delightful ; and that 
he found himself at once introduced 
into that serene and blissful state, 
where the wicked cease from troubling , 
and the weary are at rest; but this 
consideration does not at all affect the 
case as far as his adversaries are con- 
cerned. If they were guilty oi seeking 
his life, (with which they are distinctly 
charged by an impartial witness on 
the spot,) the awful termination of the 
process only serves to invest the crime 
with a deeper shade of atrocity, and 
to call more loudly for a thorough and 
impartial revision of the whole pro- 
ceedings. 

Such an investigation is demanded, 
alike, by justice to the memory of a 
much injured servant of Christ — by a 
due regard to the safety of all other 
Missionaries, who, like him, are will- 
ing to go through evil report and good 
report in attempts to seek and to save 
them that are lost — and, we hesitate 
not to add, by the solicitude we che- 
rish for the welfare of our native land. 
When a deputation of the Society of 
Friends waited on Charles II. in con- 
sequence of the execution of some of 
their body in New England, and told 
his majesty, that a vein of innocent 
blood had been opened in that distant 
part of his dominions, that monarch. 



profligate as he was, inslflntly fi^It. 
the appeal, and assured them it should 
soon be stopped. God forbid that a 
suspicion of this kind should be suffer- 
ed to rest, without due inquiry, upon 
any, the most subordinate part of that 
government, under which it is our pri-. 
vilege to live ! 

Viewing the subject in immediate 
connexion with that divine hand by 
which all events are governed, we 
cannot doubt that it will, ultimately, 
be over-ruled for much good. Mea-* 
sures have been taken to bring it under 
review in the British Parliament; — 
and thus an opportunity will be afford- 
ed for examining into the real causes 
of the late rebellion — the genuine of* 
fects of religious instruction on the 
minds of the slaves — the nature of the 
evidence on which Mr. Smith was con- 
demned by the court martial, and va- 
rious other points of great importance 
to the Missionary cause; which, but 
for such an investigation, may have 
been shrouded in perpetual mystery. 

The steps which have been already 
taken by the Directors of the Society, 
must commend themselves to the judg- 
ment of every impartial observer; and 
constitute an ample pledge of the wis- 
dom and firmness of their future pro-* 
ceedings. May the God, whose gos- 
pel they disseminate, grant his bless* 
ing on all their widely extended la- 
bours, and preserve our beloved Mii^« 
sionary brethren, of every name, 
equally from the lawless aggressions 
of uncivilized barbarians, and from 
the more insidious opposition of those, 
who, having the name of Christians, 
reject the gospel, and hate the light it 
conveys, because their deeds are evil! 

BENCOOLEN. 

Extracts from a Malay Book called 
The Crown of all Kings, 

(Concluded from Page 138.) 

*^ There are two sorts of men in the 
world. Some men seek after wealth, 
and ardently love the world, and wish 
to live a long time, that they may 
augment their riches, but they hav^ 
little wisdom, and they increase in 
ignorance, and do not reflect upon 
their last breath at the hour of disso- 
lution. Others who are wise, fortu- 
nate, and happy, know that this world 
is transitory and not eternal, and that 
the termination of life is death ; they 
do not ardently love the world, and 
are always thinking of their' last 
breath. 

*< Some wise men Isay, < TUs world 



M8 



MISSIONARY HERALD. 



is Hk« an ele^ntiy built houst, which 
pleases every one who beholds it. It 
is ornamented with gold, silver, and 
precions stones, and adorned with car- 
pets and hangings ; it contains an 
abnndance of suitable clothes, and is 
supplied with thousands of luxuries for 
eating and drinking. The owner of 
tfiis house is a rich liberal nobleman. 
Guests are continually coming to his 
house, which is full of the most valua> 
ble treasures, and the most pleasant 
dainties. Those that are wise and 
prudent among the guests, know that 
the house is not theirs, and that none 
of the property which it contains is 
theirs, and that they are only guests, 
who are not to remain long, but are 
soon to leave the house, without being 
permitted to take any of the property 
with them when they depart. Now 
these wise men, by the favour of the 
owner of the house, eat of the dainties 
which the house affords ; and wear the 
clothes, and also take witli them such 
a portion of the dainties as they need, 
as provisions for their journey. When 
they depart, the owner of the house 
shows his approbation of their conduct ; 
he is pleased with them, and they with 
iiim, and they go in peace. But the 
unwise, ignorant, and foolish guests, 
think that the house with all its orna- 
ments, property, and dainties, has 
been given to them, and that they shall 
possess the house, and all that it con- 



tains, for ever. They therefor* sit 
down for a long time in ignorance and 
idleness, without eating of the dainties 
which the house afibrds, or patting on 
any of the clothes, as they are allowed 
to do by the owner of the house ; erro- 
neously thinking, that the house, and 
all that it contains, are theirs, and that 
they can do with them as they please. 
Now, while they are living in this 
house, and unwilling to leave it, those 
who have the care of the house, order 
them to depart ; but they refuse, and 
when they are not allowed to remain, 
and force is used to expel them, they 
wish to take with them all the proper- 
ty which the house contains. But 
those who have the charge of the house 
will not allow them to take any thing ; 
they again refuse to depart ; and all 
present laugh at their want of wisdom. 
They are then expelled by force, and 
having no means of helping themselves, 
they leave the house, with all the pro- 
perty and dainties which it contains, 
with sorrow and concern; weeping 
and regretting that they did neither eat 
of the dainties, nor take with them any 
pi^vision for the way. The owner 
of the house is also angry with them, 
for their folly and impudence, and the 
fools depart hungry, sick, oppressed 
with a thousand griefs, and quite 
empty-handed ; not being able to take 
with them any of those things which 
they thought Uieir own.' 



tf 



Conh'ihutians received by the Treasurer ef the Baptist Missionary Society ^ fnm 
March 20, to April 20, 1S24, not including Individual Subscriptions. 



FOR THE MISSION. 

Legacy of Mr. John Bult, late of Wigmore-street, £100 

(half for Translations) Duty 10 



5. d. 



Flint and Denbigh Auxiliary Society, by Dr. Ryland 

Wick and Pulteney, N. B. Missionary Society, by Mr. Caldwell 

Hugby, Female Association, by Rev. E. Fall 

Newport Pagtiel, Penny Society, by Rev. G Fosket • • 

Trowbridge, Collection and Subscriptions, by Mr. Wearing • • • • 
Whitehaven, Auxiliary Missionary Society, by Rev. A. Jack* • • • 
Norfolk & Norwich Society in Aidof Missions,by T.Brightwell,£sq. 10 
Accrington, Collection and Subscriptions, by Rev. J. Edwards 
Calton, Association for Religious Purposes, by Mr. Clugston** 
GreatMissenden, Missionary Association, by Mr.Potter,Treasurer 

Dundee, Auxiliary Society, by Mr. Gourlay 

Thomas Key, Esq. Water Fufford Donation 

Mr. Benjamin Rutt, Clapton (since deceased) • 'Donation 

Rev. T.Howes, Street , near Petersjield, by Rev. T. C. Mileham,Do. 

SCHOOLS. 

Banff, Association, by Rev. J. Gibb, Secretary 

FEMALE EDUCATION. 

Friend, at the Mission House -^ • Donation 1 

TO CORRESPONDENTS. 
The Secretary begs to remind the friends of the Mission, that Copies of the 
following Numbers of the Periodical Accounts would be highly acceptable at 
the Mission House^ as they are wanted to complete sets, Nos. 0, 7, 8^ 9, 18, 19, 

J. BARFIELD, Prmter, 91, Wardour-Strcct, Soho* 



90 








40 








7 


10 





4 








2 








26 


1 


4 


5 








10 








10 


13 


6 


10 








23 


18 


H 


30 








100 








10 








1 









7 10 



tHE 



ISa^tiflt 0^uiimint 



JUNE, 1824. 



EPITAPHS OF 
*' The Young Cottager/' and ^' The Dairyman's Daughter.** 



The termination of human life 
presents a scene at which the 
worldling shrinks with horror, 
whilst the faithful follower of the 
Lainfo views death as the last 
milestone towards the house of 
an affectionate father, where he 
expects to meet his nearest and 
deares^ friends. Many, indeed, 
are the afflictions of those whom 
God is training for a better 
world : biit how often have we 
seen an affliction leave the Chris- 
tian fsLV more holy and happy 
than it found him! No trial, 
however, can ever be expected 
to leave him so holy and so hap- 
py as death will. In this respect, 
the last affliction is incompara- 
bly the best. Preceding cala* 
mutes are like waves in the sea, 
that follow in succession ; but, 
death is so blessed, so sanctified, 
and so closely connected with 
unmingled happiness, that it 
leaves the Christian like pure 
gold just taken from the furnace, 
and which needs no other fur- 
nace. Ip previous afflictions, af- 
fectionate friends may have sym- 
pathised, and eventually rejoiced 
in the bappy results : in the last 
affliction, mortals may see the 
beginning; but angels only can 
see the close. And, if the Re- 
deemer himself, in prospect of 
deirth, was strengthened by an 

VOL. XVI, 



angel from heaven, why may we 
not suppose that angels perform 
similar kind offices for the re- 
deemed, even before the soul 
quits " her clay teqement V and, 
if those heavenly messengers are 
ministering spirits, can we sup- 
pose their ministration to be sus- 
pended in the closing hours of 
life, when it is most needed 1 At 
all events, the Divine Spirit him- 
self gives needful supplies of spi- 
ritual strength to believers: so 
that they overcome all that is for- 
midable in the world, because 
there is something greater in them 
than there is in the world; and 
they overcome death, because 
there is something in them 
stronger than death. 

Such reflections as these were 
suggested by a visit to the Isle of 
Wight, in company with a long 
respected Christian friend, who 
kindly solicited the writer to 
leave, for a few days, the cares 
and hurry of active life, for a 
scene so conducive to health, 
and so exhilarating to the mind. 
Nor was the invitation a decep- 
tive one: for it was scarcely pos- 
sible to contemplate the works 
of God, in that lovely island, 
without being reminded of that 
Paradise which contributed to 
I the b|pippiness of pur first pa- 
rents, in the days of their inno- 



230 



EPITAPHS OF " THE YOUNG COTTAGER, 



.cencCy and which could not 
THEN fail to excite their holy 
admiration, and to ehcit from 
them that glory to the Creator, 
which corresponded with the 
powers with which they were 
endowed. We were effectually 
reminded, however, that the Isle 
of Wight was not the garden of 
Eden ; for we beheld the memo- 
rials of the triumphs of death. 
On entering the churchyards, we 
saw, in conspicuous characters, 
the records of the generation that 
' had passed away within our own 
remembrance. Near *Awc inscrip- 
tions we saw, in fading charac- 
ters, a tribute of respect to the 
generation that passed away in the 
days of our fathers. We also 
saw stones and monuments co- 
vered with yellow and hoary li- 
chen, and containing an account 
of the grandfethers, and great 
grandfothers, and still more re- 
mote ancestors, till our attempts 
to make out the inscriptions 
ceased to be successful. — On 
these occasions, the reader may 
.easily conceire that we were 
strongly impressed with the aw- 
ful and extensive dominion of 
• the king of terrors. Our object, 
however^ was liot so much to 
visit the tombs of the unknown 
among the dead, as to repair to 
those churchyards, where we 
could find the sequestered spots 
devoted to those, concerning 
whom we each couM say, " Let 
me die the death of the righte- 
ous, and let my last end be like 
his I" In such researches, we 
first found the crave of ** Little 
Jane," in Bradmg Churchyard, 
where the writer copied her Epi* 
taph, which is as follows : 



Tread lightly o'er this grave, as je explore 
•• Th« short and simple aDoals of th« poor.** 
A child reposes underneath this sod, 
A child to mem'ry <1«*«"» •<><* dear to Ood. 
Rejoice, yet shed the sympathatic tear — 
Jane, * the Young Cottager,* lies buried here/ 



<*Sacrcdto theMfmory^f 'Little Jane,' 

Who Hied 30th Jaiu 1799^ m the 

16th Year of her Age. 

Ye, wlio Ae pow'r of God ^elig^t to tftce. 
AAd mark with, joy etch monument ofgracer 



Having transcribed this Epi- 
taph, it was natural for us to 
look back to the important facts 
on wliich it had been founded. 
In the first place, we could not 
but see that a general maxim of 
the Divine Government had been 
strikingly illustrated; namely, 
** 6od hath chosen the foolish 
things of the world to confound 
the wise, and the weak things of 
the world to confound the things 
which are mighty." Thus, in 
the case of " Little Jane," the 
stronger sex was not chosen, but 
the weaker; concerning whon, 
almost every Christian church 
testifies, that God has given 
them the greater honour as to 
number, and often as to useful- 
ness. But, the history of " Little 
Jane" more strongly illustrates 
the mai^im, in her tender age. 
God did not wait till her intellect 
was matured, but made her wise 
to salvation in her childhood. 
There is, also, another point in 
which the forementioned luaxiin 
was strikingly verified. In the 
case of " the Young Cottager^*' 
as in thousands of other iti- 
stances, God has shown his dis- 
regard of riches, and honour, and 
worldly splendour, by his gra- 
cious visits to the humble, habita- 
tion of the poor. On earth, in- 
deed, •* there is a generation, Oh 
how lofty are their eyes! and 
their eye lids are lifted up," 
(Prov. XXX. 13 ;) and, in the view 
of such persons, •* Little J^ac" 
would have been an object of 
ineffable contempt. But there is 
no such generation in heaven: 
so that when ** the Yoang Cot- 
tager*' began to seek God,i all tbe 
heavenly world took |i deep in- 
terest in her conduct, and re- 



AND ''the dairyman's DAUOHTER." 



£51 



joiced. For ovr Lord has laid, 
*' Th^re is joj in the presence of 
the angels of Ood over one sin- 
aer that repentcth." And when 
" Little Jane" had come to the 
close of her short pilgrimage, 
death came, not with the awful 
commission of an evil angel, but 
with delightful news, like that 
ooee announced by the Angel 
of the Lord, ** Behold, I bring 
you good tidings of great joy." 
Then was her happy spirit car* 
ried by angels to the abodes of 
bliss, where '' the days of mourn- 
ing shall be ended, and the peo- 
ple shall be all righteous." 

Moreover, in the history of 
'' Little Jane/' another striking 
truth presents itself; namely, 
the extensive usefulness of Chris- 
tian experience. Paul informs 
us, that his experience had its 
use. Thus, in l Tim. i. Id, he 

says, ^* FOK THIS CAUSE I 

obtained niercy, that in me first 
Jesus Christ might show forth all 
kmg-suffering, for a pattern 
to them which should hereafter 
believe on him to life everlasting.'' 
Id like manner, the experience of 
" Little Jane'' has, by Providence, 
been recorded for a pattern 
to the children and youth of the 
present generation, and such a 
patUm will it continue to be to 
miUions yet unborn. In '* Little 
Jane'' our young friends may see 
too, by contrast, the danger of 
not seeking, af an early age, the 
Saviour she sought : for, at what- 
ever age faith anticipates a bless- 
ing, tbe VHmt of faith must fore- 
bode a curse. Thus there are 
two modes in which Divine 
truth is presented to the mind; 
namely, in its abstract character, 
as preached by faithful ministers, 
and in its efficacious character, as 
iaibodied in Christian expe- 
rience, and, thus proclaimed, 
wherever that experience if be- 



held or made known. In tiiisr 
way, even a poor slave is not 
precluded from great usefulness 
in his station : and, in this view 
of the case, ** Little Jane" may 
have been, and may yet he a 
more successful teacher than 
many excellent men, who hav4^ 
devoted their lives to the propa« 
gation of the Gospel. In short, 
as her experience is likely to be 
circulated, for ages to come, it is 
impossible to assign any limits to 
the benefits that may accrue from 
the life of that one humble indi- 
vidual. 

On the following day, (July 
10, 1823,) we visit^ the cottage 
where *' the Dairyman's Daagh*- 
ter" had resided, and where she 
closed the days of her pilgrim^ 
age. Her mother, we were in* 
formed, did not long survive hef 
affectionate daughter; and tbt 
aged Dairyman, we learned, had 
been dead a few years. The cot- 
tage is now occupied by her bro- 
ther and his wife, both of whom 
we saw: and, among other inte- 
resting particulars, we were high^ 
ly gratified with a sight of Eliaa^ 
beth's Bible; on inspecting 
which we saw, not only her own 
hand-writing, but also that of a 
succession of ancestors for more 
than a century before her death; 
Here we saw ground for great 
encouragement to our Bible So^ 
cieties ; for many of the Bibles 
we now disseminate, may, like 
that of Elisabeth Wallbrldge, 
pass through the hands of suc- 
cessive generations; and thus our 
efforts may conduce to the spi- 
ritual benefit of many a Dairy- 
man's Daughter, a hundred year» 
hence. When Xerxes, king of 
Persia, beheld the millions of his 
army, in the plains of' Asia, and* 
reflected that, in a hundred years, 
those warlike hosts would be no 
more, the thouglit filled him with 

« 2 



2^q, 



EPITAPH OF "the YOCNG COTTAGEir.'* 



«tiguis6» and made hrin weep. 
But the faithful Christian^ who 
advances in serious contempla- 
tion from 1824 to 1924, sees no- 
thing to make him weep with 
anguish, as the heathen monarch 
did: for, with regard to himself, 
he expects to have arrived at the 
full enjoyment of all his wishes 
long before that time ; and, as to 
his labours, he knows that they 
iwill not be in vain in the Lord. 

In passing on to the remainder 
of the account, it is proper to 
state next, that, proceeding over 
the same ground as the funeral 
procession had done, we arrived 
at Arreton Churchyard, where 
we found, without difficulty, the 
grave we sought. Indeed, every 
child seemed perfectly familiar 
with the spot. But it may be 
necessary to observe, that there 
arelwo separate graves, one of 
which is that of Hannah Wall- 
bridge, who died January 14th, 
1800, in the 27th year of her 
age: and the Reader is requested 
to bear in mind, that Hannah 
was the lister of that pious indi- 
vidual, who is emphatically call- 
ed " The Dairyman's Daughter;" 
, and it will also be recollected, 
that the death of Hannah occa- 
sioned the first application to the 
Rev. Leigh Richmond, whose ex- 
emplary visits were so amply re- 
warded, by seeing so much of 
heaven in an earthly cottage. 

The writer of this account 
must, however, proceed to the 
Epitaph of Hannah's sister, and 
which is as follows : 



<< To the Memory of Elizabeth 

Wallbridge, 

* The Dairyman's Daughter,' who died 

May 30, 1801, aged 31 Years. 

&Ae * being dead, yet tpeaketh,* 

STKAl^OER, if e*er* hj chance or feeliug led, 
VpoD this hiiUow'd turf thy footsteps treM, 
Torn from the contemplation of this sod. 
And think on her whose spirit rests with God. 
Lowly her lot on earth — but He, who bore 
Kdinss of grace and blessings to the poor, 



Gave hn. His truth and faithfulness to protef. 
The choicest treasures of His boundless love. 
(Faith, that dispelled afBiction's darkest gloom. 
Hope, that could cheer the passage to the 

tomb. 
Peace, that not Hell's dark legions could 

destroy. 
And love, that fiU'd the soul with heav'nly joy.) 
Death of iU sting disarmed, she knew no fear ; 




In the preceding Epitaph, 
there is a slight mistake in the 
date. For, though the writer 
has here given it as expressed on 
the stone, yet he well recollects 
that the brother's wife stated, 
that slie was present when her 
sister-in-law died, and that her 
death happened about sunset on 
aSuNDAY: and since that time, 
the writer has ascertained that 
Elizabeth Wallbridge died on 
Sunday, the 3d of May, 1801, 
and not on Saturday, the 30th. 

With respect to the poetry of 
the inscriptions, the writer has 
been informed, from good autho- 
rity, that the lines on the stone 
erected for '* Little Jane," were 
composed by that faithful and 
affectionate minister of the Es- 
tablished Church, by whom both 
"Little Jane" and " The Dairy- 
man's Daughter" were visited 
during their last affliction, and to 
whom also the world is indebted 
for a record of their religious ex- 
I perience. In the Epitaph, how- 
ever, for ** The Dairvman's 
Daughter," the lines were com- 
posed by a lady, who is the 
author of ** Elijah, and other 
Poems." 

To those who know not the 
gospel, nor the power of God, 
the experience of " Little Jane," 
and "the Dairyman's Daughter," 
may appear to be the effects of 
enthusiasm: and such did the 
experience of the Apostle Paul 
appear to be ; for, after relating 
the principal points of his religi^ 
ous life, " Festus said, (with aloud 
voice, Paul, thou art beside thy- 



ONi EVANGELICAL REPBNTAKOE. 



*s:f 



self," (AcU xxvi. 24.) Thus, 
** the natural roan receivetb not 
the things of the Spirit of God : 
for they are foolishness unto him ; 
neither can he know them, be- 
cause they are spiritually dis- 
cerned." (1 Cor. ii. 14.) But, 
ivhen the grace of God is con- 
teroplated by those who have 
felt it, bow different are their 
feelings ! Hence we read, that 
when Barnabas had come to An- 
tioch, " and had seen the grace 
of God, be was glad, and ex- 
horted them all, that with pur- 
pose of beart they would cleave 
unto the Lord. For he was a 
good man, and full of the Holy 
Ghost, and of faith." (Acts xi. 
23, 24.) 

J. F. 
Bromley, Middlesex^ 



- On Evangelical Repentance. 

The Bible, it should never be 
forgotten, is the religion of sin- 
ners, and it follows, as a neces- 
sary consequence, that repent- 
ance is an essential part of vital 
godliness. Without repentance, 
we must perish, in body and soul 
eternally. 

Repentance is founded in con- 
viction of the evil nature, and 
awful, consequences, of sin. In 
some, it is more pungent than in 
others, yet it is essentially the 
same in all who believe in Christ, 
and turn to God. Till we are 
the subjects of evangelical re- 
pentance, we shall never seek 
pardon through the blood of 
Christ, nor live to the glory of 
God. ' The body without the 
soul is dead, whatever be the 
position in which you may place 
it. 

\ Repentance constitutes a lead- 
ing feature, in a truly evangelical 
ministry. John, the harbinger of 



onr Lord, preached the baptism 
of repentance. The Son of God, 
the great prophet of the church, 
preached tliat men should re^ 
pent, and believe the gospel. 
The apostles of our Lord preach- 
ed repentance towards God, and 
feith in our Lord Jesus Christ. 

A pious minister expressed ft 
wish that, if he died in the pul- 
pit, he might be preaching re- 
pentance; or, if he died out of 
it, he might be found practising 
it. Repentance and faith are 
graces that should be exercised 
every day. 

How much more desirable is 
it for a Christian professor, to go 
to heaven penitent, and be re- 
ceived, than to go presumptu- 
ously to the gates of heaven, and 
be finally rejected. — Yes, solemn 
thought,*' there is a way tohell^ 
even from the gates of heaven, as 
well as from the city of destruc- 
tion." 

A few brief remarks on the 
nature, obligations, origin, and 
effects of repentance, will serve 
to illustrate our views of this ini- 
tiatory part of religion. 

L The nature of evangelical 
repentance. What is repent- 
ance 1 There is such a thing as 
a specious resemblance, witltout 
the thing itself. Judas repented, 
but died in his sins, and went 
to his own place. Repentance 
is sorrow for sin ; having the 
heart broken and contrite on ac«» 
count of it. 

There is much in sin that calls 
for sorrow, — the majesty of the 
Being it insults; the goodness 
and equity of the law it vioIateSj^ 
the value of the soul it ruins^ 
and the deep wound it inflicts ovk 
the best interests of society. 

When the crucifixion of the 
Lord of life and glory was 
charged home on the consciences 
of Peter's hearers, on the day of 



494 



ON BVAN6BLICAL RBPfiNTAMCE. 



iPentecost, thev wer« pricked to 
tlp« faearl. They were filled 
with grief and confusion. Divine 
Ui4tli, like an arrow, penetrated 
tl^ir hearts^ and left a wound 
behind, which nothing bat the 
gospel could heal. All must be 
conyinced of sin, and be saved 
(fom it, or perish. 
. Manassen bunibled himself 
before God. The publican 
^mote on bis breast, and said, 
*^* God be merciful to me a sin- 
a^n" — Sin is felt by the penitent 
as ** an evil and bitter thing." 
Instead of approaching the 
afenue of temptations, he avoids 
tbe occasions of sin. Have you, 
ny reader* ever felt the weight of 
your ioiquitios 1 Do you confess 
and forsake your sins t Do you 
mplore the illuminating and 
sanctifying influences of the Spirit 
9( God 1 Have you ever loathed 
yourselves, and repented, as in 
dust and ashes, before the throne 
q{ God 1 AU such mourners 
ibM soon be comforted. The 
$on of God proBoufices them 
bkssed, and will give them 
** beauty for ashes, the oil of joy 
for mourning, and the garments 
o£ praise for the spirit of hea- 
viness/' 

The conscience being purified, 
^d pacified by faith in the atone* 
pent of Christ, a new song is put 
ipto the mouth of the penitent; 
** Though thou wast angry with 
ne, thine anger is turned away, 
and thou comfortest me. 

IL The 0biigMon$ to repent- 
^nee are numerous and powerful. 
Having offended God, the best 
of beings; having violated tbe 
law of our creation, and come 
SJb^rt of the glory of God, we 
ought to repent and forsake our 
9in^. — ^The Aithful and true wit- 
ness hath said, except we repent, 
v\^ must all likewise perish. Hu- 
man life is »hoEt| and yet it is 



the only period in which repent- 
ance is available. 

In the grave there is no re* 
pentance, and in bell the obdu* 
racy of sinners will be complete 
and everlasting. Go to the deaths 
bed of sinners, witness their hot* 
rors, and listen to their dying re* 
grets; that you may learn the 
necessity and importance of re- 
pentance. Iliey mourn at last, 
when their body and their flesh 
are consumed, and say, '' How 
have we hated instruction, and 
our hearts despised repro^." 
The consequences of impenitence 
are not confined to this life, but 
will go with us into eternity, and 
spread themselves through ever- 
lasting ages. The wrath of God 
win come upon the finally wicked, 
to the uttermost, and abide for 
ever. Hope, the sweetner and 
comforter of this life, will not 
ent«r hell, but leave the miserable 
victims of insulted justice, bound 
in the chains of despair for ever 
and ever. 

The mercy of God, through 
Christ Jesus, the Mediator, forms 
a powerful and constraining mo- 
tive to contrition and genuine re- 
pentance. God in Christ, under 
the gospel dispensation, is re- 
conciling sinners, of every de- 
scription, to himself, not imputing 
their trespasses unto them. In- 
vitations of the freest grace, and 
richest mercy, are addressed in 
the word of God, to sinners of 
every nation and every clime. 
'* Ho ! every one that thirstetb, 
come ye to the waters, and he 
that hath no money ; come ye, 
buy and eat; yea, come, buy 
wine and milk without money 
and without price/' If any man 
thirst, said the blessed Jesus, at 
ope of tbe Jewish festivals, let 
him come unto me and drink. 
He that cannot repent, and will 
not deny himself^ hatb said^ '< Ht 



ON EVANGELICAL UEPEMTANCEw 



SS5 



tiiat cometb to ine» I will in do 
wise cast out." O may the mar* 
vellous loving-kind nest of Qod, 
lead the readw of this article to 
genuine repentance, that needeth 
dot to l>e repented of 1 
. III. The origin or source of 
rapentoMee, like every blessing of 
tfU gospel covenant^ must he 
tr4teed up to the grace of God, 
and derived to sinners^ through 
the atoning death of Jesus. By 
giace ye are saved, to the utter 
exclusion of all works, and hu- 
man worthiness. The sinner 
QHist feel himself impoverished 
and ruined, before he will under- 
stand or relish the gospel. In 
consequence of the Redeemer's 
bumiliatioo unto death, he is now 
exalted to give repentance unto 
all that come unto God in his 
name. 

The usual means employed by 
our Lord and Saviour, in pro- 
ducing repentance, is the preach- 
ing of bis own word. '* When 
they heard this ;" — a plain state- 
ment of the word of God, by 
Peter, on the day of Pentecost,-*- 
"they were pricked to the heart.'' 
Though none are now charged 
with the immediate act of the Sa- 
viour's death, yet all have slighted 
and neglected his great salvation. 
All have lived in ignorance of the 
nature of his mission, and at va- 



riance with the design of his now contrite, humbled, abased 

death. Such persons must clearly « • i- 

understand, that, by the works 

of the law, no flesh can be saved. 

The law is holy, and demands 

perfect obedience. The soul 

that sinnetb shall die. All have 

broken this law, ^nd come short 

of the glory of God. Some by 

open vice, and others by pride 

and secret love of pleasure. By 

the law is the knowledge of sin, 

and of death, as its natural and 

necessary consequence. The free 

unmerited grace of Godwin Christ 



Jesus, ii the only eflBeetual source 
of relief to fallen perishing «an.< 
The love of God provided and 
seal the Saviour into our worid ; 
to seek and save the lost. Re- 
pentance and remission of sina 
are preached in his name. AIL 
that receive the atonement are 
justified from all things, and shall 
be saved from wrath to come. 

Sinners must know, aqd be«( 
lieve, that the gospel is the mi- 
nisti:ation of the Spuitk By his 
powerful, but gracious, influence,' 
men are convinced of ain, en^ 
lightened, renewed, and made 
holy. " This grace of God, that 
bringeth salvation to^ lost, dying* 
man, teaches him to deny ungod-^ 
liness and worldly lust» that he 
may live righteouslv and godly 
in this present world/' The balm 
of the gospel, while it gives peace 
to the conscience, quickens ita 
sensibility and spiritual tender- 
ness* While it removes the ter- 
rors of guilt, excites loathing of 
heart for sin, and promotes spi^ 
ritual, impartial f and persevering, 
obedience^ 

ly. The effects and blessings^ 
connected with evangelical re- 
pentance, correspond with the 
grace of God, and the tn- 
fluenee of the Holy Spirit. 
Guilt and confusion will fiU the 
heart of the once rebellious, but> 



sinner. Prejudice, that .formi- 
dable barrier to the entrance of 
truth, will now be broken down 
and removed. Shame and re- 
morse will fill the heart. 

The returning sinner will stand 
self-condemned, before the tri- 
bunal of God, and his own con- 
science. Instead of objecting to 
the purity and strictness of God's 
law, his mouth is stopped, and he 
stands confounded, and without 
excuse before God. He sees no: 
way of escape from anticipated. 



236 



BBPLY TO LAMED ON BAPTISM. 



iviatby but what is revealed in the 
gospel of the grace of God. The 
effect of truth on the heart, is not 
always alike instantaneous, and 
powerful ; yet it is substantially 
the same in all true penitents. 
Jesus who appearad, before con* 
▼ersion, without form or comeli- 
nessy is now seen as the " alto- 
gether lovely 9 and the chiefest 
amongst ten thousand.^ Yes, he 
is now become the sinner's salva- 
tion and <ong* For safety, he 
takes refuge in the Saviour's 
wounded side^^and, for purity, 
washes in his streaming blood. 
Repentance is introductory to the 
enjoyment of all spiritual and 
heavenly blessings. Such as the 
full and free pardon of all sin, 
complete justification, renova- 
tion of the heart, joy in the Holy 
Ghost, admission into the family 
of God, and the bright hope of 
immortality and eternal life. 

We may be assured, that God 
will not forsake a work, in which 
his people's happiness, and his 
own glory, are so deeply con- 
cerned. He will perfect that 
which concernelh us, and will 
present us faullless before the 
throne of his glory, with exceed- 
ing joy. Then the tears of re- 
pentance will be lost and ab- 
sorbed in pleasures, pure and 
unmixed without any alloy, vast 
and unbounded ; constant and 
eternal. 



w. B. 



Jjondon^ March 4, 1824. 



Reply to Lamed on Baptism. 



To the Editor of the Baptist Magazine. 
SlR» 

The Congregational Maga- 
zine, both of this and the last 
laonlh^ contains observations on 



the mode of Baptism, by a cor« 
respondent, under the signature 
Lamed. The main object of the 
writer is to impress his readers 
with the opinion that baptism 
cannot mean immersion, and 
this he founds on a supposed 
sense of the word used for bap- 
tism in the Syriac Testament. 
According to his theory, our 
Greek Testament is, in fact, not 
the original, but a translation ; 
for, since the Syriac, or, at least, 
a similar dialect, was spoken 
when our Lord was on earth, the 
Evangelists translated the terms 
used by our Lord into Gi^k, 
and hence the importance of 
considering what is the meaning 
of the words when translated 
back into Syriac. Now, as the 
Syriac words baptize, baptism, 
&c. are derived from the root 
^Dy, what does this root mean ? 
This is the point to which Lamed 
wishes to draw his readers atten- 
tion, because, from the usual 
sense of TOy among the Jews, he 
thinks he gains a point of conse- 
quence. He says, in his paper 
in this roonth*s Magazine, *< it 
was asserted, in my former pa- 
per, that it is evident the word 
*TOy could not be employed in 
the sense of immersion. Many 
may, perhaps, consider the as- 
sertion too strong, but to me it 
appears scarcely strong enough; 
for to say that * to stand' cannot 
signify ' to bow down,' * to fall 
down,' * to lie down,' or * to be 
let down,' makes a. very near ap- 
proach to a self-evident proposi- 
tion, which precludes all reason- 
ing, and must be referred to the 
common sense of mankind. The 
word in question had been in or- 
dinary use among the Jews, and, 
as far as can be traced along the 
current of ages, its radical import 
continued invariably the same. 
But, like many other terms, in dif- 



iLEPhS TO LAMED ON BAPT1S^#. 



1^37 



ferent language! , it was ultimate* 
]y transferred from a common to 
a sacred use." 

Lanu^d'B tlieory is now laid be- 
fore us. If Toy could not he 
employed in the sense of immer- 
sion ; — ^if this is evident^ and the 
expression is not too strong, but 
BCtiTcely strong enough, still what 
does it prove, even on his own 
ground! Nothing more than 
this, that the Syriac trauslator of 
the New Testament used a word 
that did not signify immersion, 
but not that our Lord was not 
immersed, or did not enjoin im- 
mersion ; unless JLame^ can prove 
that the term used by the trans- 
lator was certainly the term em- 
ployed by our Lord, by John the 
Baptist, and by the Apostles: 
but bow is this to be done? 
Should he say, there is no other 
word in the language that will 
apply to the rite of baptism, 
then how did the Syrians express 
themselves when they wanted to 
say a person or thing was tm* 
mersed or sprinkled ? Did they 
use a term for baptism, the root 
of which, according to Lamed, 
signifies, *to stand/ but which 
had no reference to some specific 
mode of administration? — and 
Avas their use of the term so ma- 
nifest ** that it is evident** it 
** could not be employed in the 
sense of immersion/' These are 
the questions we ought to con- 
sider. 

Let us go then to Syriac schol- 
ars; to men of distinguished re- 
putation for their knowledge of 
the language, and see how they 
understood the Syriac term used 
for baptize, baptism, &c. 

In the first place, consult 
BuxTORFiT JuN. Lex. Chald. 
& Syr. on the root *TDJ/ ; he says 
it means Baptizari, intingi, alh 
lui, abluere se. Here, to he bap- 
tJzed, DIPT IN Tp, to be washed. 



to wash himself, clearly supposes 
that the learned author was liot 
of Lamed's opinion. 

In the next place, Schaaf, 
whose Lex, Syr. stands so high, 
says, on this word, abluit se, abln^ 
tus, intinetus; these senses ara 
only what we had before; but 
he adds, iif mbrsus in aquam, 
baptizatus est, he is lMMBB8Bd 
in water, he is baptized. He ob- 
serves, also, its connexion with 
the sense of the Hebrew and 
Arabic word, and says, " re al" 
tiore, columna, palo sustinuit, 
fulsit, stabilimt, erexit, tinxit, 
bapiizavit. Conjug. li. fulsit, 
sustinuit columna palove, bapti- 
zavit," 

If we go to SCHINDLKRI 

Lexicon Pentaglott. on the Syriac 
use of the root, we shall find th« 
same senses as before, nearly in 
the same words ; baptisaius, IN 

AQUAM IMMEBSUS, tinctUSy lo- 

tus fuit. 

So also in that vast store of 
Philology, Castblli Lex. Hep- 
taglot. we find the same terms ; 
ablutus est, baptisaius est, and 
in the Aphel Conj. immersit, 
baptizavit, 

I need say nothing respecting 
the eminence of these men as 
scholars, it is confessed by all 
who are competent to form an 
opinion ; but it is clear that they 
are in direct opposition to Lamed. 
So far from asserting that " it is 
evident the word Icy could not 
be employed in the sense of im- 
Mersion," they assert that it was 
so employed. So far as the au-* 
thority of these eminent scholars 
extends, it is altogether in fa- 
vour of the Baptists. 

But then the Etymology is 
pleaded : in the Hebrew, the root 
signifies to stand. It does so: 
and it is used also in various col- 
lateral senses common to the use 
of the same word iu the Arabic 

I 



258 



RJgPLY TO LA:MKI> ON BAPTISM; 



langttage. Let us now observe 
the application of this word in 
the Oriental languages. They all 
acknowledge the original root 

*?Dy. We haTe seen how it is 
used in the Syriac. In the Chal- 
dee it is used also in the sense to 
arUe. In the Ethiopic it signi- 
fies to erect a column, to Jix, to 
render firm^ (as by a column.) 
But in the Arabic we find an 
<Uiteflsive use of the word, em- 
bracing all these senses: and, by 
the researches of the learned, we 
see how they are connected toge- 
ther. We are told by Willmbt, 
ip his Lex, Arab, that the primi- 
tive sense of the term is to preso, 
to lean upon, GoLius, Lex, 
Arab, in voce, informs us it signi- 
fieSy in the I Conj. 1. to weigh 
doum, and break any thing by a 
burden, by disease, or by love. 
2. to intend, to propose, 3. to 
support by a pillar or prop, 4. 
to receive any thing for the pur- 
pose of using it, 6. to be wet 
with rain, (peculiarly) so that 
earth or dust coalesces, 6. to 
bruise the interior part of the 
buncb of a camel's back, by 
sitting upon it. In the second 
Conjugation, the character of 
which is to render those verbs 
transitive, which, in the first 
Conjugation, are not transitive, 
and to express their transitive 
force more strongly, if transitive 
in the first Conjugation, we find 
the senses of the word are, to 
sustain, or bear up by a pillar or 
column ; — and, as if^ says Go- 
Lius, it was the transitive sense 
of the fifth signification, or the 
Syriac lOy, to baptize. Here 
*we see the primitive idea per- 
vading the whole* In the fifth 
sense, the person or thing is so 
pressed by rain, that dust, earth, 
dsc. coalesces ; and the transitive 
sense signifies putting a person 
into that situation ; hence it was 



used in the sense of baptiesng,^ 
which was the aieans of doing it. 
This explanation, afforded by 
men who had no design of 
strengthening onr views, but only 
of explaining the words of the 
Oriental languages, sets aside 
Lamed** notion, and shews us 

the link by which the word *n37 
came to be appKed to baptism. 
If it be said, the fifth sense only 
applies to the effects of a shower 
of rain ; it is replied, it is clearly 
the effect of so copious a shower^ 
that earth and dust coalesced ; 
and therefore, in the transitive 
sense, to make a person or thing 
thoroughly wet, and hence it is 
used in the sense of baptism or 
immersion, because it produces 
this effect. 

Should any object that Schind" 
ler says, that people were bap- 
tized standing, I reply, bis own 
statement shews his opiiiiou in 
complete opposition to Lameds. 
His words are, ** baptisatus, tit 
aquam immersus, tinctus, lotus 
fuit: stabant enim qui beptis- 
abantur.'^ * He was baptized, 
immersed in water, dipped, wash^ 
ed ; for they stood who were bap- 
tized:' clearly shewing that he 
thought the people baptized 
went deep enough into the wa- 
ter to be immersed as they stood ; 
for he had just before told us, the 
word 10)^ signified he was im* 
mersed* In ancient times, bap- 
tism was sometimes administer- 
ed by the administrator descend- 
ing with the subjects into water 
sufiiciently deep to immerse 
them by bending the body for- 
ward, and to this mode Schindler 
seems to refer. 

But, besides, it may be shewn 
that IDy was employed in the 
sense of immersion. To say no- 
thing concerning Mark i. 5, where 
we are told by the Syriac trans- 
lator that John was baptizing 



ANTICIPATIOHS; 



(iQjm) Iht peopU in Jordm 
rkttr, nor sf pMiagcs wbtik, il 
■My be said, conUia Ihe point in 
4iepute, snd, iherefore, cannot 
be qooted ob eitbcr aide; the 
Mrm il tiied in other placM, 
wbcre it cannot be fairly under- 
itood to Bcan any thing but im- 
menioo. la Mark Tii, 4, the 
word occurs in (he Syriac to ea- 
pmi the louAing- of copi, &c. 
which we know were imrnertfd 
whencTer the ceremonial of pnri- 
ficalioD was needliil. Again, 
when Ihe Evangeliit men I ion a 
Ihc Pools of Belhesda, and of 
Siloam, John v. 2, and n. 7, he 
uai in both places, the same 
term, coXv^ijdpa, a word which 
Seklauntr lays, means " proper- 
ly a place in which we can 
naim," and, in each iDitance, it 
b translated in the Syriac 
by a drrivKlioD from lOf viz. 
KfVnDjna. in plain terms, the 
Syriac translator calls a place in 
which w« can MctM — a Bap- 

TISTEKT. 

To incnlion only one instance 
more, whicli is drawn from the 
Old Testament ; when the spoil 
taken fitun the Midianites wai 
purified, it was commanded thai 
" every thing that may abide the 
fire, ye shall make it go through 
the fire,— and all that abidetb 
not the fire, ye shall make gi 
through the teater." Num. xxxi 
23, Here the Syriac iranslalo] 
without ceremony uses the wonj 
loy. Tendering the last expreS' 
■ion, haptite in water, 1 noM 
Itave the reader to form bii 
own reflections on Lataed't as 
lertioD, " that it is evident tb< 
word tryscouldnot be employet 
in Ihe sense of immersion." 

Il is surprising what a Tarict< 
of attempts are made loargu^ i. 
down; and equally surprisin) 
Ihe class of argumenls used fo 



his purpoM. W« Have i«en Ely- 
aology tortured in ((i&rent 
njB, and, after «H, what is 
lonel Such endeavours to gain 
luppoit,. clevly shew that the 
»use of sprinkling or pouring is 
wcoroe deiperale. Could it be 
naintaincd by direct, snbitantial 
•Tid«nee, expedients like these 
would be eonndercd of no value, 
ind would not be exhibited ; lest 
ihey should weaken the force of 
ither argumcais. It i* a little 
lingular, that, in Ibe same month 
in which Lameda semling abroad 
ihe assertions we have been exa- 
mining, a writer in the Ckri»ti»n 
OiMTTir informs us, that "it was 
anly upon extraordinary ocea- 
riofu that the rite [of baptism] 
was administered in aiuf other 
Koy than by IMHBBSION during 
the first four centuries." ChriU. 
Oht. p. 211. 

I am. Sir, 
Youn respectfully, 

A Baptist. 
jfay e, ies4. 



ANTICIPATIONS 1 

These may be painful or 
pleasant; and, at some seasons, 
both fears and hopes may exer- 
cise the mind, producing Ibeir 
appropriate effects of pain and 
pleasure. Not, to nenlioa many 
circumstances to which these re- 
marks are applicable, I confine 
myself to the approaching An- 
NCAL Meetings or THE B4P- 
TiST Denomination, which 
cannot be contemplated with 
suitable feelings, without anlici- 
patioDS either of anniely or de- 
light, by those who know that 
much, very much, depend* upon 
these, as regards the manner and 
spirit by which they areconduct- 
ed and »ttended,as to the future 
interests of llic churches; the 



£40 



ANTICIPATIONS. 



Missions, and; perhaps, tbe spi- 1 
ritual interests of thousands* or 
even nillionsy of our fellow- 
.creatures. 

. That these Annual Meetings 
have been productive of very 
.great and beneficial effects, as to 
the welfare of the Denomination, 
there are, perhaps, few who 
would attempt to contradict; 
and that they have afforded an 
opportunity for the expression of 
brotherly love,, and the concen- 
tration of the-^talents and energies 
jof the Denomination, none can 
deny: — to mention but one in- 
stance will be sufficient to prove 
their utility ! — Two years since, 
the Baptist Missionary Society 
owed upwards of £3000; the 
immediate removal of this burden 
had neither been attempted nor 
contemplated by the Committee, 
though someof them had assisted 
in advancing the money ; but a 
worthy Deacon from the country , 
in the Committee Meeting, at the 
Mission Rooms, previous to the 
Public Meeting, modestly pro- 
posed a plan, by which the whole 
debt might be removed during the 
year: this was afterwards adopt- 
ed, and, though its accomplish- 
ment appeared improbable, yet 
It was effected : and the Society, 
at the last Anniversary, had the 
satisfaction of hearing, that, 
without any injury to the regular 
subscriptions and collections, 
this large sum had been more 
than realized : and the Society 
thereby relieved from heavy pe- 
.cuniary embarrassments. Had no 
other good resulted from the An- 
nual Meetings than this, the evi- 
dence of their utility would be 
fully established ! 

The object proposed by this 
paper is to induce all the per- 
sons of inffuence, in our 
churches, if they can by any 
means acconxplisb it, to resolve 



they will attend the future An- 
nual Meetings in London ! They 
will be received with ardent af- 
fection and undissembled res- 
pect, by their brethren in the me- 
tropolis, Who well know how to 
estimate their worth, and how to 
appreciate their usefulness, in the 
churches of which they are mem- 
bers, and to the Denomination of 
which they are ornaments. Many 
arguments might be employed, if 
it were thought necessary, to in- 
duce them not to let the oppor- 
tunity, in the present month, be 
lost for throwing their offerings 
into the Treasury : offerings not 
merely of their money, (that is 
comparatively inconsiderable,) 
but of their wisdom, and pru- 
dence, and zeal ; and, above all, 
of their prayers ! O that repre- 
sentatives from all our churches 
could be seen assembled at the 
Meeting, appropriated to thepur- 
pose of imploring the Holy 
Spirit's mighty working upon the 
hearts of all our Missionaries, 
and all our Ministers ! ** Without 
me," said our Lord, \**^ ye can do 
nothing," Who is there among 
us, that does not cordially be- 
lieve this Divine aphorism? Who 
does not feel it, and daily acknow- 
ledge it in his secret and family 
devotions 1 It mfght be added, 
Who is there among us, who 
practically believes, and acts 
upon the spirit of this sentiment, 
and, therefore, depends wholly, 
and implores constantly, the as- 
sistance of the Holy Spirit of 
God, expecting no good results 
from all our contributions towards 
the ministry of the ^prd, and 
the spread of the gospel without 
iti 

The deaths of some of our 
Missionaries, and the afflictions 
of others: the distressed and 
divided condition of some of our 
churches, and other circum- 



OBSERVATIONS ON TROJECTOR's LETTER. 



241 



stances, imperiously call upon us I lions by which our youth are 
to unite as a Denomination : and expelled from, the English Uni- 
the objects to be promoted by 



the Annual Meetings^ afford op- 
portunFties for all Calvinistic 
Baptists, to imitate the primitive 
Assembly at Jerusalem, and to 
be of '* one heart and one soul in 
one place." 

Apelles. 



Obtervations on the Letter of 
** Projector*' in the last Num- 
her of the Magazine, 



To the Editor rf the Baptist Magazine, 

Sir, 

It is evident, from the style and 
spirit of" ProjectorV letter, that 
he is one of our Denomination, of 
no common or ordinary charac- 
ter. That he possesses a liberal 
and benevolent feeling towards 
the future respectability and wel- 
fare of -our churches, is very 
apparent; and it is probable, 
abo, tbat his influence is suffi- 
ciently great to accomplish the 
object which he so powerfully 
and eloquently recommends. 

That the Scotch Universities 
open a door for the free admis- 
sion of our youth, whose educa- 
tion is in progress, and especially 
of our young ministers, is a grati- 
fying circumstance ; and that the 
liberty has not been fully im- 
proved by English Dissenters, 
cannot be contradicted. I am 
pleased with the suggestion of 
" Projector," therefore, because 
it supersedes the necessity of 
establishing an English College, 
free from those vexatious restric- 



versities. 

While, however, I express, my 
full approbation of more use be* 
ing made of the Scotch Univer- 
sities, I think it will be unneces- 
sary to raise new subscriptions, 
for the purpose, until it is ascer- 
tained, that those which have been 
provided, by oiir pious evangeli- 
cal Dissenting forefathers, are 
insufficient for the purpose. Dr. 
Ward's Trustees, it appears, are 
enabled to send two Baptist. 
Students in every year: Dr. Wil- 
liams's Trustees can, if they^ 
please, I apprehend, extend 
their assistance to Baptists : and 
a considerable part of the Bap- 
tist Fund has been left expressly 
to provide academical education 
for young ministers. If six or 
eight persons annually could be 
sent from the funds already pro- 
vided, I conclude that, at present, 
the proposed object is fully pro- 
vided for ; but should it be found 
that a greater number of approved 
students are anxious to visit Scot; 
land than these can supply, then 
the plan of *• Projector" will, I 
doubt not, be acted upon ; and 
the writer of this pledges himself 
todo what he can to promote it, 
by his own subscription, and by 
application to his friends. There 
are so many new objects which 
depend upon annual donations 
and subscriptions, that no plan 
should be obtruded upon the 
attention of the religious public; 
for which ample funds are al- 
ready provided. 

A Baptist. 



*«* We are unavoidably oblig;ed t6 
postpone th« insertion of The CHvacii 
AT Sardis to our next numbM*. Ed, * 



.^42 



iHtfitcellanea. 



PHILOSOPHICAL 
REFLECTIONS. 



No, XXXI. 

ON TVB 

Bones rf the Human Frame. 



* SAY. what die iraiiou* bones, to viaelj 

wrought! 
Row was their frame to s«ch perfection brought? 
Vint did their figorea fior their uses fit, 
llieir iramlier fix, and joints adapted knit ; 
And nmi* them all in tliat just order stand. 
Which motbn, strength, and ornament demand ? 

Bewilder'd, I the Anthor cannot find, 

TiU some first cause, some self-existent mind. 

Who form'd, and rales all nature, is assifn'd." 



In more particularly examiDg the 
iininan frame, we propose to com- 
mence wilh the bones. 

Tfae bones may be considered as 
the frame-work of the system. 
They ^ve to the body the rudi- 
meots of its form, and the mate- 
rials of its stren^h. Their lextare, 
though hard and strong^, does not 
render them unwieldy nor cum* 
bersome; but they are neat and 
e]eg;ant, and exquisitely adapted 
to all the conveniencies of life; 
and, like all the works of the glori- 
ous Creator, each of them, the 
more it is examined, the more it 
unfolds his matchless perfections. 

The head is deservedly consider- 
ed the principal part of the body. 
Its various bones are wonderfully 
adapted to their situations and 
uses; the skull, which contains a 
most delicate and invaluable trea- 
sure, is particularly hard; its 
spherical form renders it capacious, 
and better adapted for the defence of 
the brain ; the sides of the cranium 
are wisely depressed, by which the 
sphere of vision is enlarged, and 
the situation of the ears gfreatty im- 
proved, both for the reception of 
sound, and the avoidance of injury. 

It must not be imagined that the 
head, nor even the skull, is formed 
of few bones, on the contrary, it is 



composed of very many, each of 
which has its appropriate form 
and uses. It is impossible for the 
reflecting mind not to admire the 
infinite skill displayed even in the 
apertures left for the organs of 
sense, and for all that is needful in 
the process of sensatioh ; nor can 
we fail to admire the construction 
and firmness of tfae jaws, and the 
important purposes, which, in con- 
nexion with the teeth, they serve* 
The teeth, alone, display the per- 
feotions of their Maker. In addi- 
tion to their use in mastication, 
they contribute not a little to tbe 
beauty of the face, as seen in con- 
versation, and the occasional di»* 
play of the benevolent passions, 
as well as to the harmony of tbe 
voice. Their number is generally, 
although not invariably, thirty-two. 
The inimitable enamel vrith which 
they are covered, not merely adoma, 
but preserves them, and is so hard 
that files will scarcely impress it; 
and, it is remarkable, '^ the fibres of 
this enamel are perpendicular X6 
the internal substance, and are 
straight on the base, but, at the 
sides, are arched with a convex 
part towards the root, which makes 
the teeth resist the compression of 
any hard body between the jawi^ 
with less danger of breaking these 
fibres than if they had been situated 
transversely.'' The teeth have ca- 
nals formed in their middle, wherein 
their nerves and blood-vessels are 
placed, and those which contain the 
greatest number are most liable to 
disease. Divine Providence is fur- 
ther displayed in their growth and 
exchange. The babe, who draws 
his nourishment from the lireast, 
needs them not, but, as it is neees* 
sary he should be weaned from this 
indulgence, about twenty progres- 
sively appear. About the age of 
seven, the first set is thrust out by 
new ones formed deeper in the jaw, 
and others discover themselves 
farther back in tbe mouth. After 
another seven years, the exchange 
begins to be completed, and a num- 
ber of stronger teeth are still added. 



MlSCBttANRA. 



d4^ 



Let it not be Imtf^ued that this ex- 
change of the teeth is a defect iu 
oar ccnstitntion : as the jaws en- 
large, but for this provision, those of 
the first set must become too far 
removed from each other ; but, the 
later teeth having to force out their 
predecessors, their width is increased 
by the pressure, and they are there- 
by adapted to the enlarged jaw. 
Nor is the diversified shape of the 
teeth unworthy the notice of those 
who delight to trace manifestations 
oftbeir Creator's skill: some adapt- 
ed for dividing and catting, others 
for grinding our food. 

Ill viewing the bones of the trunk, 
one cannot but be struck with the 
simplicity of their construction, 
considering the innumerable mo- 
tions they undergo, and multiplied 
uses which they serve. The ribs 
form a powerful yet elegant de- 
fence to the principal organs of the 
animal machine — the heart and 
langs^ and the erection of the spine, 
notwithstanding its numerous joints, 
cartilages, &c. demand particular 
observation. These joints, unlike 
those of art, admit of motions the 
most opposite, and that with the 
greatest rapidity; thus, without 
using one foot, we move from side 
to side, forwards, and even back- 
wards, with ease. From a review 
of this portion of the human frame, 
these considerations have been 
deduced : 

1. ** That, because the joints of 
which the spiile is composed are so 
numerohs, the spinal marrow, 
nerves, blood-vessels, &c. are not 
liable to such c-ompression and over- 
stretching as they would otherwise 
be, sided several joints most be 
concerned in every movement of 
the spMoe; and, therefore, a very 
sUatt curvature is made at the con- 
junction of any two joints. 

2. " That an erect posture is the 
sorest and firmest, because the 
surface of contact of these joints iis 
then largest, and the weight is most 
perpendicular to them. 

3. ** That the muscles which 
iftove the spine act with greater 
force in briifging t|ie trunk into an 
9ttek po^vre, than in drawing it to 
any other ; for, in bending forwards, 
hackwardsl, or on either side, the 



muscles which perform any of these 
aotions are nearer the center of 
motion; consequently, the lever 
with which they act is shorter than 
when the centre of motion is on 
the part of the joints opposite to 
that where these muscles are in- 
serted; which is the case in raising 
the body. This is extremely ne- 
cessary, since, in the deflections of 
the spine, the weight of the body 
soon inclines it to the direction we 
choose ; whereas in raising it, this 
great weight must be more than 
counteracted. 

4. ** In estimating the forc^ 
exerted by these muscles, we should 
always make allowance for the ac- 
tion of the cartilages between the 
joints, which, in every motion frofi^ 
an erect posture, most be stretcbe^l 
on one side and compressed on the 
other, both which they resist; 
whereas, in raising the body, thev 
assist by their springing force. 

5. '* We are hence naturally led 
to the reason of our height of sta- 
ture increasing towards morning, 
and decreasing towards night : for 
the intermediate cartilages of the 
joints being pressed during the day, 
by the weight of the body, become 
more compact and thin in the even^ 
ing : but when relieved from their 
pressure in the night, they expand 
themselves to their former thick- 
ness; and, seeing the bulk of any 
part must vary according to the 
difierent distension or repletion of 
the vessels composing it, we may 
understand how we become taller 
after a plentiful meal, and decrease 
after fasting. 

6. '*From the different artienlai* 
tions of the bodies, and oblique 
processes of the vertebra, and the 
different strength of the ligaments, 
ft is plain that they are formed so as 
to allow much larger motion for- 
ward than backward ; this last be- 
ing of much less use, and might be 
dangerous, by over-strainhig the 
large blood- veseh that are conti- 
guous. 

7. "Tfbe cartilages, referred to^ 
shrivelling as they become more 
soHd by age, is th6 cause why old 
people generally bend forwards.'' 

The superior and inferior extre- 
mities, as- they are trailed, are 



^4 



OBITUARY, 



«ifaaliy worthy of onr s:raternl ob- 
servation; particularly, the sitn- 
«licity and strength ot*|the arms and 
I6f^; the numerous and finely 
formed joints of the Iiand^; the 
convexity of their backs, and the 
concavity of their palms — the former 
ipving strength to the hands, and 
the latter an increased convenience 
for holding. Conoerning the varied 
length of the fingers, it has been 
remarked, that this disposition of 
them '* is the best contrivance for 
bolding the largest bodies, because 
the longest fingers are applied to the 
middle largest periphery of such 
substances as are of a spherical 
figure." 

Tbe bones of the thigh are the 
longest in the human body, and the 
largest and strongest of the cylin- 
flrioal bones. Their position is some- 
what obliqne, their lower ends in- 
clining to each other, so that the 
knees nearly meet, by which ar- 
rangement, more room is given for 
tbe lower parts of the trnnk, and 
for the action of those large muscles 
which move the thigh inwards, while 
cur progression is thereby rendered 
more quick, firm and straight, and 
is performed in less space. Had 
tbe direction of these bones been 



perpendicular^ and the knees con- 
sequently at a considerable di«1anc^ 
from each other, we must have de- 
scribed part of a circle with the 
body in making a lon^ step, and, in 
raising the leg from the ground, we 
should have been in danger of fall- 
ing backwards, the centre of gra- 
vity would have been too far from 
the base of the other, our steps 
therefore would neither havib been 
straight nor firm, nor could we have 
walked in a narrow path. 

The foot is composed of varioirs 
bones, which is an important ar- 
rangement, preventing that iihock 
to the whole frame which mnstbave 
resulted in leaping, running, and 
walking, had the legs been termi- 
nated by a single bone:' doubtless 
also diminishing the frequency and 
seriousness of fractures. Although 
there is considerable resemblahce 
between the bones of the hands and 
those of the feet, yet we observe 
those difierences, which the differ- 
ent uses of these limbs require: 
thus, the gp'eat toe is the latest 
and strongest, having to sustain ibe 
force with which our bodies aiie iih- 
pelled forward at everj step We 
take. 



X" 



^ttuat^ anil l^ttmt Seat|i0. 



1 ". 



To the Editor of the Baftiit Mug^zine, 
Dear Sir, 

Thongh the sentiment is but too 
evidently correct, that *' not many 
wise, and not many nobl6 are call- 
ed,*' yet, bles8e<l be God, it is the 
case with some of them. Lord Ed- 
ward O'Brieu lately died in this 
neighbonrbood, and I was exceed- 
ingly pleased and edified with his 
dying expressions. If you think, as 
I do, that many of your readers 
will be gratified in reading some of 
tbe weighty sentiments which drop- 
ped from hjs lips in dying circnm- 



• s T 



stances; yon will do good - Vj tbsir 
insertion, and oblige, 

Yonrsy' sineeialf i ^ 

B.H.fir. 

Southampton, < 

P.S. The extracts are taken from 
Memoranda, written bj bis excel- 
lent lady. ' 






Interesting SefitimentA utfesr§d by 
the late Lcrd E4umrd()t'' 
when in dying Girtum^nm^ 

Feb. 1,1824. I yestetday' asked 
hira tbe (Question, tk&nt cOntinMy 
in my mouth,^^Al^ you fadijppjrt' He 



OBITUARY. 



245 



" O M> bappy, yoa cannot conceive 
ny happincM; for 1 believe God 
will forrive me all my sins, for the 
lake of Jesas." 

** Cikstiog all your care on God, 
for be careth for you,'^ was a text 
that teemed to afford bim inexpres- 
sible pleasure. *' Careth,** said be, 
tfiat Is snob a consolatory word to 
Mr weak nature.'' 

*' Yoa read to me, my dear,'' said 
be, ^ tbis morning, a letter, praising 
me. O Defer do tbat again." (The 
letter was one in which the writer 
adverted to the consolation I pos- 
sessed, since my dear husband was 
evidently so ripe for glory.) I pro- 
mised tbat I vrould not, but added, 
that it was no praise of bim, but of 
thegraor ofGod. '' O," be replied, 
^ if it should lead me to think, in 
any way. Improperly of myself, bow 
•dreadful it would be ! O do not 
expose me to so awful a tempta- 
tion — it quite frightens me to think 
of such a thing, — I am such a 
sinner.'^ 

As be saw I was uneasy about 
bim, team came into bis eyes ; but 
be wiped them away, and said, with 
composure^ ^ My dear, must we 
not bow to the will of God? He 
will do what seemeth to him best. 
Look to JTesuii, — be is the way, the 
truth, and the life, — ^in him we must 
trust, — ^he is the road to heaTen." 
The next day, be told me, he feared 
tbat 1 did not bow with the child- 
like submission I ought to the will 
of God. "^ If it please God," said 
be, *^ I shall recover; but if it please 
bim I should be removed hence, we 
know it will be at tlie best possible 
time it could happen, and what a 
blessing is that persuasion." I re- 
peated to bim several hymns that 
evening, »- be was particularly 
pleased with that of Cowper's, be- 
gimiing» 

** Lord ! my best desires falfil, 

And help me to lesigo, 
I4fe. h€»lth, and oomfert to thy will, 

And make thy pleasure mine." 

TborBday, Feb. 9. He was 
weaker in body, but bis mind ap- 
peared to be in a more lively frame 
. of devotion. He bad much con ver- 
afUion with my sister, in .which he 
•spreised his wiUiognesa to leave 

▼OI.. XT I. 



all, and go to Christ. His only de- 
sire was to wish it more ardently. 
He said, " What a privilege it is to 
be allowed to say, * Come, Lord 
Jesus ! come quickly t' '* 

'' Jesus," said he, ** must be the 
first idol of the heart,~tben the af* 
fections may go downwards." I re- 
peated several hymns to him, — be 
seemed particularly pleased with 
that one of Dr. Watts, beginning, 

" O for an oyercoming faith. 
To cheer my dying hours ; 

To trinmph o'er the monster Death. 
And all his frightful pow'rs." 

I said to him, What a comfort it 
is to see you so well prepared for 
your great change. ** O," said he, 
*^ do not flatter me ! Do not let me 
think well of myself." No, I said, 
it is €rod alone whom we muist 
praise. I then told him the anee- 
dote of the martyr, John Bradford, 
who seeing a malefactor going to 
execution, exclaimed, *' There goes 
John Bradford, but for the grace of 
God." " Yes," he answered, ** be 
alone maketh us to differ." 

This day week I read to bim a let« 
ter from one of my sisters, in which 
she mentioned visiting a sick man, 
who had but few comforts in bis af- 
fliction. ** O what a lesson," said 
he, '' is that to me, — ^I am surround- 
ed with many blessings." His mind 
was so occupied with the thoughts 
of this poor man, that I could 
scarcely prevail on him to take any 
breakfast; and he desired me to 
write immediately, to procure for 
him evei7 comfort he could desire 
during his illness. If any sick per*" 
son was mentioned, he would say, 
^ What a lesson should that be to 
me! How much more they suffer 
than I do; yet I am so impatient." 
Though ^1 truly believe, that no 
murmuring, or fretful expression, or 
sentiment, ever dropped from his 
lips, during his protracted suffer- 
ii^s. He used sometimes to ob- 
serve, that one use of affliotion was, 
to make him feel much for others ; 
yet, when in health, no individual 
was ever more alive to the wants of 
his fellow-creatures. 

On Tuesday, Feb. 1(\ be ex- 
presned liis entire resignation to the 
will of God. ''I have not oo^e 

2 A 



t4Q 



0|liTUARY> 



care left," &e ftaid, '^ except to 
Igtiow tbat my sios ve fiNrgiven; 
i^U, Jesas ! I tmst that they ar«,'' 
Qa its being observed, that be bad 
been better tbe past few days, — be 
s^,— r*' As 1^ taper flames «p before 
it goes out/' fie said, tbat Law's 
Seripus Call, Doddridge's Rise and 
Progre^, and bis Sermon on the 
One Tbing Needful, bad been very 
useful to bim. *' How dreary,*^ Mid 
he, *^ would it be, if I bad now to 
be awakened to a sense of my 
state/' He bad always a ^i^at 
dread of a merely formal religion, 
without the heart being renewed, — 
irilbout being born again. Fre- 
quently, in health, be used to ob* 
^lerve, *< O, I hope I am not a. mere 
#i>rm9li«t after all/' 
. Yesterday evening, be remaidced, 
^' People may say what they cboosc 
in jbealtb, and . call religiou Me- 
thodism and enthusiasm, but no^ 
thing else will bob! good at the 
last." 1 answered. What a blessing 
it is you have, not to begin religion 
HDw. '* O,'' he replied, ** 1 should 
be the veriest wretch on earth, if 
that were the ease. But I have not 
thought half enough of these 
tJUngs/' No one does, my love, I 
answered, but yon know where 
youf trust is. " Q yes," he quickly 
replied, his whole countenance il- 
iumined with joy, *' in Jesus l^^-be 
is my trust, my comfort, my sup- 
porty-r-to be with Jesus, how de- 
lightful !"-rhe then added, with his 
eyes uplifted,** We should herwetums, 
ravenous to go to Jesus, — no lesser 
word will do, — we should be raven* 
oui to be with Jesus." Observing 
l»y tears, he thought them tears of 
sorrow, and said, ** O, roy'dear,you 
should not grieve, — these thingi^ 
should make you leap for joy."- I 
said, Yes,— and with truth, — for 
wonderful as it may appear, I never 
in my life experienced such unut- 
terable joy and happiness. 

He wiehed to sec little Gertrude ; 
when she came, and said ** How 
are you, dear Papa? lam so luippy 
to. see you again !"^-be answered, 
** Pretty well, my little dear,~look- 
ing up to God ibr strength and pro- 
tection, aild so bap|iy, because I 
l)ope m^ siaMi are forgiven. I trust in 
my Savioar. aloae, l^eause be only 



can forgive my sins. Of ourselves we 
can do nothing. Remember what 
I say to you, my little darling, all 
your life. Pray to God, your Sar 
viour, and love him, — so much, — so 
much more than we can expr«ffs,r-t 
and reail your Bible a great deal* 
T— then, we may hope, tbat.Ckyi will, 
give you graoe to lead a sew ii£e, 
and tbat, through tlie nierit#of owr 
Saviour, you wiU be taken to hea- 
ven when you die, — but it can only 
be \f you put your truet in your 
Saviour ; for be oidy is the way, the 
truth, and the life I" May tbe i^rd^ 
of bis infinite mercy, grant, 4|iat ber 
deaf father's dying ej^bortatioB may 
be blessed to the eternal widfare of 
Ibia darling child, i^nd thai all . her 
life fbe may put her. trust in. b>tr 
Saviour and Redeemer! 

The preoeding evening, . bo. sent 
messages to several nvembera of the 
family, whom he feared were still 
in an unawakened state. '* TeU 
them,".said he, " this from me^ that^ 
as a dying man, I aver, tbat tbe 
Bible is. the only book which can 
support and comfort a person. in my 
circumstancea. It is my . aw^port 
my hope, my trusty my joy* If tbey 
say, they do read it, teU them U 
read it more and more, with pcajer, 
-^to judge for tbem6elvee;-^teM 
them te leave all other stmdiea, aU 
other pursuits, and tarn to ibe Bif 
ble,i-^tberein is peaoe andjoyievei^ 
lasting ;-T- tell them, thai religion is 
every thing,f-lhat- Without it- they 
will be miserable at the last ; — they 
may be amiable, good-natured, goodr 
tempered, but tbat will net save 
them,-rChrist is the. only Kavienc 
The grace of God alone can.- give a 
longing desire to enter into •beayeo^ 
and to leave, all that makee.a 
man mo«t happy in this worlds Te 
the grace of God. I owe m^ present 
happiness; without it I should lif 
miserable." > 

A very remacl^able ieatore io his 
character has always been, a chiljdf^ 
like submission to the will oC.tlie 
Almighty. I said to him, *' I sup- 
pose, that at the beginning of jrour 
illness, yovL did* not feel tiie eatie 
sulnnission to the will of* God,- aft 
you do now!" IJd paused' a wo^ 
meat, and then said, ^ I think I was 
always cenvineed^ thai ^ifrlial«i>Br 



^U l^e «i)t of God, mutt be bMt. 
Wbw my fneoils lued to come kud 
•M me ia Loadon, kdJ uj, I.liapa 
to be«r Ibat jou are better,— I uicd 
(n beg Uieoi, iuiteftd of exprauiBg 
hopu Qf my recoTcry, U praj, tbat 
Ibe Kraoe of Ctod might be gives 
Me tO'iabmit willingly to whatever 
the Almiglity might vee St to order 
for ma." 

Manj chapten'wcre read, by his 
dewre, froa the BerelalloDt, to 
wbidh h* liatened with inexpreuible 
delight. The elcfeulh chapter of 
Jafan, liken'iie, gave hioi great jny. 
He-expatiated at large on those two 
eiqaicile «ordi, " Jeioa wept!* 
which be Iboogbt very beautiral ; 
and especiBlly coosolatory, at idU- 
maliog, that the coaipuiisnate Sa- 
viour Teete, »t thi» moment, for all 
oar torrowi, ai be did tot thoM of 
Mulb* and Mary,— 

" TVQ) S«Tiour,»eeittIiateusI shed, 
For than didst weep o'er Lazarus 
dead." 

Another evening, he uid, lie 
tboDght it very detrimental (o all 
ipu-ituality of mind and condnet, to 
live with those below us in spiritual 
kwiwledge. It is likely to make iis 
vun. The heart is dereilfol above 
all things; and if we think more of 
religion than those aroandus, and 
are more strict in oar outward con- 
dnct, we shall be much inclined lo 
bncy onrselves good ; and, O bow 
dreadful is thatthonght, when oar 
only trast sbonld be in the Savioor, 
— and when we should feet «nn- 
vineed Ihkl we arc vile and sinful. 
This^ of itself, shoald be snScient 
to prevent our mingling more than 
can be avoided with the wortd. 

After the cbHdren had left Hie 
room. Mid we were alone, he re- 
pealed several prayers, parlicnlBrly 
•ec far tfa« spiritaal welfare of our 
children, ending, " Enable us to 
tsacli them Christ, and Christ cm- 
«ifi«d. Emtble ns to condaot them 
to the fcot of Ihe cross, and there to 
present them- and onrsdvea." He 
tfaea rttpcHled apveral tests, ending 
with that one, " Himtbttt comHbto 
i»e,l «HI «n no wise cast onl." He 
obierved, " That is a blessed text, 
Mut'ui fbr our comfilrl,-~«iid, 
VtutU be Cod, it baa ' comforted 



me." He thanked God for bis nier< 
oiea, and had a deep fear of jngr*- 
litade. Sometime since, bo toM 
me, that ono bad sjmptom of his 
disorder was lessened : " What a 
blessing!" said I. " Indeed it is a 
blessing,'* he qniclily replied, and 
added, " I did not tbiak, till you 
ha<l said that word, of tfaanking the 
Lord for it What an nngratcfu 
wretch I ant" Very freqaentlyl 
alter that did he cos^ilain of f^s in- 
gratitude, and of his utter uuwor- 
Ihiness of alt God's mercies. Ha 
advised all his friends to give up the 
world, and to devote their talent* 
and time to the service of the 

He GODtinned repealing, in a low 
toQe of voice, " Onr Sav)oar,~-Our 
blessed Savioar,— I am the nay, the 
troth, and Ihe life ;— though I walk 
through Ibe valley of Ibe shadow of 
death, 1 wHl fear no evil ;" — the last 
words of Hie verse, — " tby rod, and 
thy staff, they comfort me," — he re- 
peated slowly, as if pondering an 
tbem,gavebim inexpressible comfort. 
The tone of deepteeling wilb which 
he uttered the words, " u'relehed 
tiajitr," penetrated ray inmost soul. 
To see one who has been, and who 
is, BO devoted a servant oF the Lord, 
so abased, so completely laid in the 
dust, in' his own eyes, was to me a 
moat affectiug proof, liow entirely 
his mind was renewed by Divine 
grace. 

Thursday, Feb. 36. I read lo 
him 1 Cor. xiii ; he said, " Charity 
and love will lut to all cicroily." 
Few exceeded him in charity, in tlie 
enlarged sense of the word. He 
always endearonred to pot the best 
construction on every one's actions. 
If Hoy were blamed, he would try lo 
discover some .palliating cirriun- 
stance ; w else say, we did not 
know tbo motives which inltuenced 
them. If the actions were such that 
even charity could not, hope that 
there were any cireumstjtnces to 
diminish their guilt, he wontd then 
say. " Who malLCth us to differ; t I 
e just the same." 
ibat one of his great; 
I, bis being cnal>leil 
for life or death, en- 
hands of the I'ord', 
re and anxiety were 



£48 



OBITUA&T. 



reaofed fioai bis miiid. ** It u all 
•f gntce," was hii answer : ^ of mj- 
self, I sboald be ■onnariiip and 
MBfiaiient aU the day kmg. I will 
rejoice in the Lord my God ;he fiib 
ne with joy vnspeakable ; he will 
deliver my lonl finom death, he will 
wipe away all tears ftom oar eyes." 
All this was said with many pauses, 
—low, — as if he were tbinkinf , and 
as if those thoaj^ts filled him with 
inexpressible luippinesa. He said, 
be was convinced of tbe truth of the 
remark of a revered friend. That we 
should sing loofler praise to the 
liord, for oar afflicticms, than for oar 
other mercies, when inhabitants of 
the New Jenisalem, 

Some months since, he used to 
say to me, ** 1 do not grieve for 
mTself, my dear, I only grieve for 
what you suffer on my acconnt* 
He does not now grieve, nor does 
be seem to have the shadow of 
doubt or anxiety remaining. He 
would sooner donbt of its being 
light at noon-day, than that the AU 
mighty will not make good his pro- 
mise of support and comfort to the 
afflicted in Uie hour of trouble. 

March 1. Yesterday he saw all 
the dear children, and was pleased 
vritb little Henry's improvement in 
walking. He had mnch conversa- 
tion with my mother on religious 
subjects. In the evening he listened 
vritb great pleasure to many hymns, 
which I repeated to him : he was 
particularly struck with that of 
JDoddridge, 

** When on the verge of life X stand. 
And view the scene on either hand, 
My spirit straggles with my clay, 
And longs to vring its ffight away. 



tf 



When I came to the 3rd vene, 

*^ Come, ye angelie envoys, come, 
And leaid the willing pilgrim home; 
Ye know the way to Jesus' throne, 
Source of our Joys, and of your own ;" 

be lifted bis eyesHind hands to hea- 
ven, and said, that these were also 
his feelings. *^ In future times," I 
said, ^ when I am praising God, 
what a blessing it will be to think, 
that you are occupied, my dear, in 
raising hallelujahs in the presence 
of the Lamb of God." '< O, delight- 
ftl indeed !" be leplied, << that such 



a wretched sinner should have sncfir 
a hope; bat * tbe blood of Jesas 
Christ cleaBsetb from all sin.'" He 
then went on to say, ** What a 
Ufssed^ hhtatd nt^meu this wtu H 
Urn, — marked with so many, many 
mercies ;"— he added, that from our 
afiections being so wound up in 
each other, and from oar living io 
such complete retirement, we were 
particalarly in danger of becoming 
too fondly attached, and of forget- 
ting the heavenly inheritance, which 
sboald have the first place, in cor 
hearts. Whether our minds are 
fixed on earthly objects, or com- 
pletely engrossed by domestic af- 
foctions, the sin must be eq«sl In 
the sight of a jeakras God. 

March 1&. He was the sabject of 
painfal spasm. I whispered, ''The 
Lord is with you, my dear ;" ** God 
will bless us both," be quickly re- 
plied. He went to sleep, and when 
he awoke, I said to him, ^ Yoa 
win soon be so happy." " What?** 
he asked, not appearing to under- 
stand me. ** Yoa will soon be so 
happy in heaven, my dear," I re- 
plied. His whole countenanoe wss 
illomined with celestial joy, and lie 
answered, ** O, shall I ? Come, 
Lord JesasI come <)uickiy? I long 
to be with thee I Come, Lord Jesas V* 
He then asked that the last chapter 
of the Revelations might be read to 
him. 

Late in the evening, his medical 
attendant said, in reference Io his 
food, ** Is there any thing whidiyon 
particularly desire?" ''Nothing, 
thank God," he replied, " but that 
the blessing of God may be on ns 
all, to lead us to tbe cross of Christ, 
that we may have foigiveness of 
oor sins. Jesus is the only Saviour ; 
through him alone can we g^ to 
heaven. Mr. M., he is the way, tbe 
truth, and the life; those who do 
not trust in biro, will make ship* 
wreck at the last" 

I said to him, <' I hope it an; 
please God, that you shall have no 
more pain." " I hope ao too, m} 
dear," he replied, " but tbe will of 
the Lord be done." I asked htm, 
after a severe fit of tbe spasm, whe- 
ther he was happy. ** Q quite 
happy, quite comfortable, thank 
God for it," was his nsplj< fMmf 



REVIEW* 



$49 



me in tears^ he shook my hand^ and 
said, in the most feelings manner, 
•< My God ! and thy God !" I then 
said, ** How much happier you will 
soon be in heaven, my dear.*' ^' O 
yes^** said he, " with my Saviour, 
and my God. I am now so happy, 
so very happy, you cannot conceive 
bow happy ; so are you, I hope, my 
darling^ L— -." " O yes," I replied, 
*^ we do not grieve as those who 
have no hope." He then asked for 
his brother, and said, he hoped they 
should meet in heaven. 

He turned to his medical attend* 

ant, and said, ** Mr. M is very 

kind, but he can do nothing for me 
but with the blessing of God. God 
is over every thing." 

He looked round on those who 
were in the room, and said, " My 
dear friends, I love you all very 
much; I thank you for all your 
kindness. I wish I could hold all 
your hands. I love you all much, 
and hope, through the mercy of 
God, we may meet in heaven." 

He held my hand, but did not par- 
ticularly address me. I said, '* Do 
yoti know me, my dear ?" " Know 
yoal" he exclaimed, *' my blessing! 
—my **! I hope f shall always 
know you, unless it should be the 



will of God that I should not, and 
then, you know, it will be the best f 
should not" 

Sunday, March 7.-— He saw little 
Henry that morning, and bless^ 
God for allowing him to see the 
dear babe once more. 

In the night, by the movement of 
his lips and eyes, we could perceive 
that be was in prayer continually. 
He took my hand, and lifted hfa 
eyes to heaven, as if in prayer. He 
repeated this several times. 

Imagining, by his countenance, 
that he was suffering, I asked liim 
if any thing was the matter. ** No- 
thing but what is right, my dear," 
he answered. In a minute his 
countenance returned to its usually 
placid state. He went to sleep ap- 
parently about five in the afternoon ; 
his pulse became feebler, till, about 
eleven o'clock, he sweetly fell asleep 
in Jesus, we humbly trust, to enjoy 
everlasting happiness in the bosom 
of the Saviour. 



REV. JAMES PHILIPPS. 

Died, on Tuesday evening, May 14, 
at his house at Clapham, the Rev. 
James Philipps, who had presided 
over the Presbyterian Church in that 
village, upwards of twenty-four years. 



HetiietD. 



A FMer^t Retaonsfor not haptizing 

kh Children; wiA some Remarks 

0H ike Subject of Baptiimj as af- 

feeUttg the State of Religious 

PmrtteSjOnd the future Prospects 

. of the Church. By a Lay Member 

^the Church of JSngland, West- 

' ley, Stationers'-court, and Murray, 

Coventry-street. V 1824. Pp. 97, 

avo. 

This is a curious pamplilet, and 
we read it with great interest The 
writer has paid great attention to 
the subject before him, and, even 
where, on some points, we differed 
from him, we felt it was a difference 
whLha man who commanded our 
rc^peet 

It seems, from his own statement, 
that he entertained scruples respect- 
itog the aathority on which Infant 
Baptism was practised ; he could [ 



not find any thing on the subject in 
his Bible ; and, after examining the 
arguments usually adduced, he was 
satisfied they were all invalid. In 
the present pamphlet he presents his 
readers, not, perhaps, with the his- 
tory of the process, but, at least, 
with the result, and shews us how 
he reasoned on the different argu- 
ments alleged for Infant Baptism, 
till, at last, he became satisfied that 
he ought not to have his children 
baptized. 

From his habits of reading, as a 
" Lay Member of the Church of 
England," he appears to have been 
more used to the works of Church- 
men than of Dissenters ; this mighty 
for a time, impede the progress vf 
his thought; but it has given an air 
of originality to his reasonings, aod, 
by this means, has made them more 
impressive; ^t least on those minds 

2 B 



250 



HEVIEW. 



who bad been acbustomcd to hear 
tbem in a dificrent form. We should 
feel a pleasure in analyzing; our 
autbor*s observations, were we not 
restrained by our limits; but we 
cannot help noticing, that he happi- 
ly brings forward, on many occa- 
sions, a condensed \iew of his argu- 
ment in a single sentence ; and some 
of these sentences are very striking. 
For instance, speaking of the bap- 
tism of John, as designed to pre- 
pare the people for the dispensation 
of the Spirit, for which purpose it was 
the baptism of repentance, lie asks, 
Isit probable that the Christian dis- 
pensation should retrograde in spi- 
rituality? and then concludes by the 
forcible, and, we believe, just re- 
mark, ** the divine dispensations have 
never retrograded.*^ p. 6. 

The common argument from cir- 
cnmcision could not fail to engage 
onr author's attention, and he dis- 
cusnes it at some length. At the 
conclusion he observes, ** Infant 
Baptism, like circumcision, has its 
eifect in bringing professors of 
Christianity into a secular corpo- 
rate capacity, and to mingle the 
church and the world, in direct con- 
trariety to the solemn precepts and 
holy principles of the New Testa- 
ment. Andf can that institution be 
from Godf which indirectly tends to 
frustrate his own commands and so- 
lemnly revealed will ?" p. 23, 24. 

He boldly meets the principle of 
the arguments from antiquity, and 
observes, " there is enoifgh in the 
early history of the Church to warn 
us, that the sentiments and practices 
of the early Christians ought not to be 
passed as safe examples, withovt 
hrin^ng them to the test of Holy 
Scripture.*' p. 34. And, in reply to 
the comm<m notion that infant bap- 
tism is a privilege, (and, consequent- 
ly, that Baptists do very wrong t^ 
deprive infants of it,) he observes, 
" it must be proved to be scriptural, 
htfore it can be claimed as a privi- 
lege.*' p. 41. 

The author notices other bearings 
of the subject ; — he observes, that 
with'^'respect to the blessings sup- 
posed to be connected with Infant 
Baptism, the defenders of the prac- 
tice " would not be thought to deny 
that grac^ is some way connected 



with baptism to Infants, yet they 
frequently make it evident ihat they 
would rather escaj)e from close dis- 
cussion." p. 43. This is very true, 
and we often see it. 

In a Churchman*s inquiry on this 
point. Sponsors come in fr>r an exa- 
mination, as a matter of course. 
Our author grants, that Sponsors 
give to Infant Baptism the air of 
an actual contract, since they are 
ostensible parties engaging for the 
child till he can enter into Ihe en- 
gagement for himself. This is 
pleaded for, to connect the case 
with the Circumcision of the Jewish 
Church; but, as the author ob- 
serves, this will not forward the 
cause, unless the Abrahamic cove- 
nant and the gospel covenant are 
the same; and his opinion is, that 
** the aspect of the Neio Testament 
covenant is entirely against it,"' p. 50. 

The argument from households, 
also, comes under revieWj^-'in two of 
the cases he observes, the accounts 
are too concise to render it certain, 
that, if there were infants in the 
family, they were baptized; but the 
other two, he thinks, inevitably lead 
to the conclusion that infants were 
not baptjzed. After noticing some 
other parts of the New Testament, 
in which, if infants were bap- 
tized, he thinks it impossible the 
subject would have betni passed 
over, he comes to the conclusion, 
" that, in fact, — it is manifest^ that 
the Apostles must have been totalhj 
ignorant of the practice.'* p. 55. 

He observes, that there is an evi- 
dent connexion between Infant 
Baptism and a national church, and 
hence he justly expresses his sur- 
prise, that Papdobaptist Dissenters 
should plead for it; for, in his opin- 
ion, it is in ** diametrical opposition 
to the principle on which they 
formed their opposition to the estab* 
lished church." p. 69. 

Yet still this author does not go 
the full length of our system. He 
thinks the Baptists lay too much 
stress on the mode of baptism, and, 
though he agrees with them in many 
points, still he is " a Lay Member 
of the Church of England." Doubt- 
less he thinks his conduct is con- 
sistent with his principles, but we 
confess we are unable to perceive 



Its VIEW* 



251 



how lie can establish tlint con- 
mXency, tie acknowleilges tiie 
extensive and important exertions 
of the Baptists in the cause of evan- 
{ircHcal trtith ; but he mentions, with 
disapprobation, the conduct of the 
Missionaries at Serampore, in their 
acting on the principle of strict com- 
munion, (p. 76, 77, notes.) He 
seems to consider this as an effect 
of attachment to immersion as the 
mode of baptism. He probably did 
not advert to the manner in which 
tliey reasoned. On his own princi- 
ples, they concluded that baptism 
should take place on the profession 
of faith in Christ, and, taking the 
New Testament for their rule, it ap- 
peared to them evident, that none, 
except those baptized on such a 
profession, were originally members 
ef the cburcii, or admitted to com- 
mimion ; and their conviction that 
immersion was the appointed mode 
of baptism, would also add to the 
weij^ht of the argument against ad- 
mitting tliosc whom they must con- 
sider as not baptized. — ^'Fliis view of 
the case the author may not liave 
considered. Bat, passing this, we 
do not see how he is to defend the 
theory he has laid down respecting 
the pro]>er Jine of eondnct which, 
ia the present divided state of 
opini^D, men ought to pursue. He 
seems to think we ought to wait till 
the members of the EstabHshment 
become Baptists, one by one, as he 
has done. But, when will this take 
place ? A similar mode of reason- 
ing ill the primitive age would, if 
adopted, have prevented the Apos- 
tles from forming Christian churches. 
They would have said. Let us wait, 
till by the progress of truth, the sy- 
nagogue shall, in a body, declare 
itself Christian. But this they did. 
not expect. They went on in the 
straight-forward direction. They 
acted on their principles without 
reserve. When the Baptists came 
forth to ncitice, after the Reforma- 
tion, they were compelled to act the 
same part; and we are somewhat 
surprised, that so .sensible a man, 
as our author manifestly is, does not 
feel the necessity of following the 
same example. As the case now 
stands, he unites with those wbo, in 
his view, both ministers and peo^^ 



are not baptized; and ulio, tJiough 
they admit him among them, must 
consider him as not a sound mem- 
ber of tlie itlstablishmont. Now, mc 
would put it to his own judgment, 
does he ftad any thing in the New 
Testament tliat favours such a 
tlicftry as this ? Besides, is he aware 
that his own sentiments and prac- 
tice are inconsistent with the exist- 
ence of the Establishment itself? 
If his sontimctits should spread, as 
he hopes tiicy will, what becomes of 
his own church ? He ajipcars to us 
like a man wlio pulls down one aide 
of his house, and, while enjoying!^ 
large increase of air and ligltt, won- 
ders that the whole family do not 
admire the improvement But he 
forgets that the consequence must 
be, that the building itself, in time, 
will fall, for it cannot stand, if the 
side that is removed, is not built up 
again. To him it appears easy for 
the rulers of the church to conform 
to the will of Christ, for all that is 
needed u, " to put baptism in thd 
place of confirmation." p. 89. But 
then, who are to be baptized ? Ard 
(lit to be accepted as the subjects' of 
baptism, who can repeat the Cate- 
chism, and who have received the 
very general instruction now given 
previous to confirmation t Or, those 
only who are cmbued with our au- 
thor*s scrjons views and seriou^s 
feelings? In the next place, how 
are the powers that be, civil and 
eccleidastical, to be indnced to make 
such an alteration ? If our worthy 
friend thinks on tliese points exten- 
sively, he will see such diflScolties 
arise, as will, at least, bring him 
nearer to our opinion than he is at 
present. 

But it is time to conclude our 
observations. Although we can- 
not coincide throughout with th6 
work nnder review, there is mudi 
that is excellent, and whidi has onr 
full approbation : and we wish the 
panTphict may be read, particularly 
by serious Churchmen, who will seo 
how the general subject is handled 
by one of their own body, whose in- 
quiries were not directed by educa- 
tional prejudices, but who would 
have rejoiced could he have come 
to a conclusion directly opposite to 
that which forced itself upon him* 

2 B ^ 



852 BEVIEW, 

Baptism the scriptural and indis- wortli,* who liad rep1ir<l to Dr. 

pensablt Qualification for Com- James Foster on Catholic Com- 

munion at the Lord's-tahle: or^ tnanion, as it wast then called, and 

Considerations designed to expose afterwards printed a Reply to 

the erroneous Practice of departing Philo-Catbolicus, who had written 

from the original Cotatitution of ia the Doctor's defence. 

the Christian CWc*, hy founding » a, to the pretence, Tvith which 

open Communton Baj^st Churches, Philo-Catholicus concludes his per- 

especialbf in those Neighbourhoods formances, < that if promiscuous com- 

where EoangeUeal Congregational munion were to be universally put in 

Churches already exist. Including practice, the Baptists would have the 

Animadversions on the Preface, best opportunities for recommending 

^c.oftheRev. Robert Halts Reply and supporting their sentiments,— 

to the Rev. Josepli Kingham's »?«*? consequently, instead of being 

Work on ''Baptism a Term of diminished, they would be m a fair 

Communion^ By Joseph Ivime^. ^^^ ^^ becoming exceedingly more 

D«-«^ Ti..-! cu:i !:»«.» nflx- a a numerous,' it is entirely without 

Pnce Three Shillings. OflFor, 44, foundation The congregation meet- 

Newgate-street j^g i^ Bridewell-alley, near St. 

The ordinance of baptism has ^f?T^^ ^'*"'?>' '"^ ^""""^I^^^^ 

Wn neglected despiseJ^^^ 7^^^^ ^L^^U^llk^^^ 

and opposed, at different times, in ^ ^^^^^^ P^dobaptists offered 

•very form^ that opposition could as- to join in their communion, under his 

«ume. The question of mixt com- ministry; and meetings of the church 

mnnion is not a question of courtesy, were held, to consider of the proposal, 

candour, and charity, as it is often which Mr. Dawkes himself approved ; 

represented, but of divine law. For, and, under his influence, a majority of 

if there be a king in Zion, who has the church being gained over to side 

divine attributes, his authority, with him, it was at last agreed to ac- 

vhich clothes all his laws, must be cept the offer, and to receive the Paedo- 

divinetoo. Unbaptized Christians, baptists to membership and com- 

«ither have, or have ^ot, a right to f?"°>°^ "^'^^ ^''.!?' J "??' accordingly, 

»«ik»«k«...k:Jv «»j ^/^X..Mnr.;<«wi «»*.« they were admitted. Upon which, sc- 

membership and communion, jure ^erkl of the members, who disapproved 

4mm; and the ministers of Christ ^^^^ unwarrantable, unsc?^tural 

must be by their commission, either communion, went off, and joined 

required, or forbidden, to admit themselves to other churches. What 

anch persons to all the privileges of worldly advantages Mr. Dawkes him- 

the church. ^ self gained by this procedure, or 

Mr. Ivimey is entitled to the how largely the subscriptions for him 

ihanks of all the Baptist Churches were thereby increased, I do not know ; 

for the pains he has taken to diffuse hut so many Paedobaptists were re- 

information on this interesting to- ceived by him, that, after his death, 

pic, which has been so little under- according to the infoiroation given 

stood, even by the most enUghtened |"^' ^^^'^ !^*« J?^^** confusion x»r dis- 

members of our churches. He *il^Z«^ „'S„ *^1 "Jl^^^^^ 

• I al X ± c t -At At. Fnilips, a Baptist, preached to them 

blows the trumpet of alarm with the f^, 3^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^, he could not be 

intrepidity of John Knox; and, if easy, he left them, and they chose Mr. 

things proceed as they have done Stevens, an Independent, for their mi- 

recently, be will, no doubt, like the nister ; upon which, many of the Bap- 

JScottish Reformer, give us another tists, seeing the fatal consequence of 

blast! the error they had comimtted, under 

Without attempting to give, Mr. Dawkes, went off to Ur. Gill ; so 

just now, the history of this that the church is now a Paedobaptist 

controversy, in our churches, we congregation of the Independent dc- 

taay remark, that the experi- nomination, under the pastoral care of 

ment of mixing communion has ne- Mr. Rogers."~^n^tcgr to the D^ence 

wer been tried In this country, nor in « it appears that he was a General 

miy other, on a very large scale. Baptist, and a physician at Norwich. 

;Wbat we have heard respecting its Some valuable extracts from his writ- 

Brst results is not very promising, as inga may be seen in Mr. Ivimey's 

our readers may see in the fbllowbig History of the Epglish Baptists^ Vol. 

extract from Mr.Ornitham Killing- 3^ pp. 2^0-214. 



1/ Ihe Rev. Dr. Fvtitr-i Sermtn ef C 
IMic Conimunitn, pp. 94, SS. 

la the ■ame f^ge, Mr. Killinf 
worth proceed* to say, 

" And what higher aad greater, < 
ntber, what little or ercD no regan 
is erer Ubelj to be psid to that golem 
inititDtion, which oor blet»ed Lor 
conunanded to be adminiatered, in tfa 
name of the Father, and of the Sot 
and of the Hoi; Ghost, unto disciple 
of all nations instmcted in the Chiie 
tiaa principles, even unto the end c 
Ihe world, ifthe Baptists should eve 
make tnal ofoui Author's sham eipe 
dient, and universally pat it in prac 
tice, is furthar manifest from Ci. Fos 
ter's joining with P^dobaptists, upoi 
his deserting the church at Barbican 
appears in the appeal made to him, ii 
mj Euuninatlrin ; and is conGrmed b; 
the CDnversalion J had with him upoi 
the point 1 when he could not pre 
tcDd to say, that one single person 
who was in commanion at Pinners'. 
halt, before his going over to them 
bad since submitted to that institU' 
lion, or shewn the least inclination tt 
he baptiEed." 

The aatlior infornis us, in n note. 
1>. 47, thai baving inquired of an 
Am ericno Professor the |>resent atatt 
ofthe American Baptist Cbu re lies, 
In relation to this uonlrofprsy, he 
received the following reply: 

" The very high opinion we had 
entertained of the talents and piety ot 
Mr. Hall, had prepared us for giving 
his statements a very impartial and 
favourable regard. His books were 
read with calm and dispaegionate in- 
vestigation: to that his opinions may 
lie said to have received an impartial 
and unbiassed hearing. Tlui lesullhaa 
been, a general opinion that, in sup> 
port of bis theses, as a logician, he 
has entirely failed; and that his argu- 
ments are totally inconclusive. Id 
some few instances, Piedobaptists 
have been admitted to communion ; 
but the churches which have done so 
have not been at all improved b; the 
alliance; while it has tended to inter- 
rupl the previous liarniooy which sub- 
sisted between them and the ministers, 
and churches of other denominations," 
Mr. Ivimey lias made several ver- 
bal mistakes, which it is scarcely 
worth while to point nut. We shall 
hoglad (ohcar soon that he is called 
tp ^ive i( a careful revision, in a new 
edition, which, we hope, will not ho 
> disgrace to the printer, nor to Uie 



Proipett I 
J-c. ; to whiek are tikfaitin 
\rfIUfitelimtm the R 

and HmU, b^ 

vUh Cemuck'e beaiiifnl 
\Dietk. Pp. 213- Bayncs. 
iliime of piety is so Justly 
I our coramendation, Ibat 
ivilljn^to irtqn ire whether 
)1 hive admitted ofgrcftler 
>n. And, indted, Ihe in- 
uihor hat made inch an 
inecesHry, hj becoming 
olof^ist : 

king," sayshe," over these 
reBections, on sal^eets, in- 
Lost serious and interesUng, 
it was scarcely possible to 
, a refetilion of the sama 
t different times; and, I snp- 
timen nearly the same ideas; 
]re, I wish to pal a close to 
ks. If an apology, on the 
uneness is reqnisit*, 1 wilt 
If the ApoeUe Paul to the 

iii. 1. 'To write the same 
,e, is not grievous.' No, 
my heart has greatly dic- 
I bave written ; and it may 
profitable, to hear the so- 
of Ood repealed to ns ttam 
e; that they may not slip 

minds ; and aniely those 
} interesting and so sweet, 
till appear new, and never 
« who can enter into the 
m." p. 106. 

js miicli, to the mom 
ninded, may be a wmk 
)galioD ; a.i, on inch a 
' are prepared not merely 
bat cordially to approve, 
upon prect;)it, precept 
pt; line upon line, line 

no doubt but this book 
Bedingly helpful to many 
itavellers." If onr limits 
it, we could easily verify 
ent by iuteresting ex- 
it content ourselves with 
le pious author for pre- 
wilh a work so well 
counectioD with the Di- 
ig, to animate the hopes 
in prospect of the dying 
by recommending our 
prociuc it for their own 



S54 



StttelUgenee, Sfc. 



Coitectlng for Meetinghouses in 
London, 



To thi Editor of the Baptist 3Iagazine, 

Sir, 

The Lord has not forsaken the earth, 
but is still executing the purpose of 
liis grace. Many of his churches are 
abliged, by their numbers, to lengthen 
their cords, and new churches are 
founded in various parts of the island. 
But, in most cases, the poor receive the 
gospel, and, in providing necessary 
places of worship, they are obliged to 
apply to the religious public for pecu- 
niary assistance. These applications, 
however numerous, are not to be re- 
gretted, but considered as grounds of 
gratitude to God, as they prove that 
God has heard our prayers, and bless- 
ed the preaching of his gospel. But 
the mode of application, in collecting 
upon caseSj which has long been prac- 
tised, ii3 attended with many very seri- 
ous evils, the mere enumeration of 
which would be a trespass upon your 
columns. Many complaints have been 
made respecting the plan at present 
pursued, and many wishes expressed, 
that some other mode, less objection- 
able, could be devised. Several friends, 
who have no otiier interest to serve 
than the glory of God, and the good of 
his people, have repeatedly met and 
consulted together upon the subject, 
and have, they hope, elicited the out- 
lines of a plan calculated to give gene- 
ral satisfaction both to contributors 
and receivers. 

To prevent the necessity of personal 
application in London, and its vicini- 
ty, and the expense and evils attend- 
ing that mode, it is proposed, that a 
Society be formed, to be called " The 
Baptut Building Fund," Rules and 
regulations for the management of the 
affairs of the Society have been formed, 
and submitted to the opinion of those 
deemed best able to judge, and have 
met with decided approbation. A 
gentleman of the highest respectabi- 
lity and benevolence, whose name has 
peculiar weight wherever it is known, 
has kindly condescended to become 
the Treasurer of the Society. All the 
djfiicultiej» and objections that could 



be anticipated, have been tninxsftly 
examined, and they have^ at least, 
been deemed insufficient to forbid the 
plan beiag put to the test of actual 
experience. 

The practicability of the proposeel 
system has been amply demonstrated 
by the Wesleyan Methodists, who 
have had a similar one in active opera- 
tion for five years past; and from 
which, according to their Annual 
Reports, they have experienced the 
most beneficial results. 

It is confidently hoped, that if bene- 
volent persons, who are accnstomed to 
give to eases on personal applications, 
will take the subject into serious con- 
sideration ; they will then be con- 
vinced of the necessity, propriety, and 
utility of adopting the mode of con- 
tribution now in contemplation. Be- 
sides a saving of (npon an average,) 
25 per cent, upon the monies eoHected, 
the Society, it is hoped, will be able 
to i^dopt measures which may tend t» 
prevent any waste of public money in 
the erection of new places, which, it 
is supposed, has, in some instances, 
occurred, equal in amount to the sum 
collected in London, on behalf of the 
place The general adoption of this 
mode by contributors, will afilbrd them 
a guarantee against imposition; as 
also the pleasure they may have of 
giving any partktdar ctise the whole 
weight of their influence in the Com- 
mittee, in the distribution of the mo- 
ney collected. By becoming members 
of this Society, the friends of religion 
will be furnished with a ready answer 
to every applicant, which will prevent 
the loss of valuable time, the pain of 
denying, or even of investigating tlie 
merits of the case. 

This plan, generally adopted, would 
tend, if not to annihilate, yet greatly 
to diminish, a kind of religions mendi- 
city in the streets of London. So long 
as some ministers can prevail by the 
dint of importunity, they will, it is to 
be feared, continue to disgrace their 
sacred profession ; but, if generally dis- 
countenanced, and informed that they 
may be relieved without the expen- 
sive, irksome, painful, degrading task 
of personal application, they will, it is 
hoped, prefer sending their case to the 
" Baptist Building Fund/' 



INTBLUGEMCE, Su, 



355 



M hen the proiK)sed Society is form- 
ed, and regularly organized, it is anti- 
cipated, that those who pray for tlie 
extension of Messiali's kingdom, and 
who wish to honour the Lord with 
their substance, will not only liberal- 
ly support it ; but, at their death, be- 
(^ueath property to form a steady 
growing permanent fund, which, in 
the course of a few years, might render 
large annual subscriptions less neces- 
sary. In the present state of things, 
these will be absolutely necessary. 

I have but just glanced at this sub- 
ject, Mr. Editor, for want of room. If 
you would give me the use of a whole 
Magazine, I would attempt to state all 
the evils of the present system ; the 
advantages of the one proposed ; and 
reply to the objections that might be 
brought against it. Surely all our 
qhurches and ministers in London, and 
its vicinity, will cordially unite in the 
formation of the '^ Baptist Building 
Fund V But, if there should be some 
who disapprove, it ought not to be 
matter of surprise. Sunday Schools, 
Bible Societies, and Missionary under- 
takings, had, in their commence- 
ment, indifferent observers, and even 
opponents, in those whom they might 
have expected as friends ; they have, 
however, succeeded, and are now pub- 
lic blessings, not only to Britain, but 
to the world * If nothing must be at- 
tempted till every one's opinion be 
consulted and gratified, and every pre- 
tended obstacle removed, and every 
supposed objection answered, we may 
bid farewell to all improvement. 

Tike friends of the Redeemer, who 
desire to promote the formation of the 
**" Baptist Building Fund,'' liaving 
maturely considered the subject, are 
persuaded that, while it would give 
general satisfaction to individuals 
concct^iied, it would tend materially 
to promote the union, reputation, and 
respectability of our churches, both in 
town and country; they, therefore, 
warmly, and respectfully, invite the 
cordial and efficient co-operation of all 
who ^' love our Lord Jesus Christ in 
sincerity." 

At a Meeting held at the Mission- 
house, Fen-court, on the 27th of April, 
which was respectably attended, it 
was unanimously resolved, " that all 
proper and necessary steps be taken 
forthwith, to prepare for a public 
Meeting, at which it should be pro- 
posed that the Society should be 
formed." 

Such Meeting will be called as soon 
as convenient, of which due notice 



will be given to those persons who 
usually contribute to Baptist Cases. 
I remain, &c. 

J.H. 
Secretary pro tern, 

Londotiy May 5, 1824. 



IVeslej/an lUisgianarj/ Society. 



The Anniversaries of the Wesleyan 
Missionary Society, and the various 
services connected with them, have 
been held in the following order. 

On Wednesday, the 28th of April, 
the Anniversary of the London District 
Auxiliary Socuty was held in Great 
Queen-street Chapel, Lincoln's-inn- 
fields, Lancelot Haslope, Esq. in th« 
Chair. 

On Thursday evening, April 29, the 
Rev. Richard Watson, one of the Ge- 
neral becretaries, preached at the 
City-road Chapel, on the subject of 
Missions to the slaves in the West 
Indies. On Friday morning, the dOth, 
the Rev. Robert Newton, of Manches- 
ter, preached in Great Queen -street 
C/hapel ; and in the evening, the Re?. 
John Anderson, of Manchester, preach- 
ed in China-terrace Chapel, Lambeth. 
On Sunday, May 2d, sermons were 
preached generally throughout the 
Wesleyan Chapels in London, and its 
vicinity, in aid of the Society ; no less 
than seventy-eight discourses having 
been delivered on that day for this* 
object. 

The Anniversary of the Parent So- 
ciety was held on Monday, the 3rd, at 
the City-road Chapel, Joseph Batter- 
worth, Esq. M.P. in the Chair. The 
Meeting was opened with singing and 
prayer, by the Rev. Henry Moore, 
President of the Conference; and, 
after the reading of the Report by the 
Rev. Richard Watson, various resolu- 
tions were moved and seconded by the 
following ministers and gentlemen. 

Mr. Alderman Key, and Rev. Ro- 
bert Newton of Manchester; Rev, 
Henry Townley, late Missionary from 
the London Society to Calcutta, and 
Rev. Edward Irving, A.M. Minister of 
the Caledonian Church, Hatton- 
garden ; Right Honourable Sir George 
H. Rose, M.P. and George Sandford, 
Esq. ; William Williams, Esq. M.P. 
and Joseph Carne, Esq. of Penzance ; 
Rev. John Anderson of Manchester, 
and Edward Miillips, Esq. late High 
Sheriff of the County of Wilts j Rev, 



SA6 intbllioencv, S:c. 

Henry Hoore, and jBmHWoud, Esq. this lyBtcm in Great Briton ; tbej 

of Mancheiter. are generally in a piogperons state. 

The atteDdance at all the seivlce* The Sciiplnre Leaaons are about to 

and Meetings iraa oumeroua and be publiafaFd in Modem Greek, having 

lespectable; and the various coUec- been before printed in the French, 

tions nkade upon the occasion, added Italian, Spanish, Russian, and Pottn- 

to donations announced at the Aoni- guese languages. 

versary, eiceeded, by about t'lSO, In Ireland there are upwards of 

those of the fomier year. 1000 schools on the British system, 

conlainiag more thao 70,000 scholara. 

' ^ ^ • ProiD the Continent of Europe the 

intelligence ia Benerally favourable, 

TAt fallowtng Extract ts from thi „ii|, tl,e esception of France and 

Eighteenth Rbpobt of the Spain. In the Netherlands, Denmark, 

London Hibernian Society, Sweden, linssia, and Tuscany, much 

. , ,, , , ,„ ,. , ,, good IS doing. It IS in contemplation 

read at the Annual Meeting Acid („ gend a roaster ahorllj to Greece. 

onlht 8tk ult. The srhuols in the Ionian Islands, in 
Malta, and in Madeira, are flourishing. 

AsuMMAHYof the foregoing trans- The British sjatem is making lapia 

actions vtill present the number of progress in the Colonial poasessiong of 

I_,072 schools, and 88,699 acholars, thia country, particularly in the lale 

giving an increase of no fewer than uf France, the Cape of Good Hope, 

31,826 scholars upon (he attendance Nova Scotia, and Csnada. It is also 

of the former year. From this num- spreading in the United States of 

ber, however, it will be neceasary to North America ; and in several of the 

■ubtract the children in Sunday- South American Provinces it is estab- 

schoob, which, generalljr speaking, iiabed, underthe patrunage.and attbe 

may be regarded as dupUcate attend- eipense of their respecdve Govern* 

ance. This will leave the number of ments. 

T1,SS4; three-fourths of this number " Thirty yeara," it was remarked, 
are children of Koman Catholic pa- n hgye not yet elapsed since the Sy»- 
renta. Sixteen thousand three hun- tem of Mutual instruction waa ftwt 
drad and two copies of the scriptures promulgated by Joseph Lancaster. 
havebeen given out of the Depository Within that period, it is supposed that 
within the year, makiog the total dis. ,cveral mUliont of children have re- 
IribuUon amount to 108,9*12 since the oeived the benefito of a scriptural 
foundation of the Society. Thirty-eight education. Who can calculate the 
Readers have been added to the list results f Some of the seed may bit 
oflastyear,preaenting thennmberof by the way- aide, and some on rocky 
eixlyinlhepreaentemployment ofthe places; but, doubtless, much will «- 
Society. One Principal Inspector has getote and grow and fruit will be pro- 
been added, which makes up the num- duced, thirty, sixty, and even an hna- 
ber of nine now in connexion with the dred fold." 

InaUtution. The resolutions were moved and 

^ ^ seconded by the Right Honourable 

^ * Lord John Rusael, Lord Milton, T. 

Bri.,-.» «,i F^,fe. &toi L,.'srT.i'mS;'i,.'Si.j;"ffi 

'ioeuti/. Morrison, from China, J. J. Gnniey, 

Esq. E. Phillips Esq. W. Allen, Esq. 

THEAnnualMeeUngofthisSociety the T^asurer die Bev. G. Clayton, 

waa held at FreemSsona'-haU, on and several o her gentlemen. 

MrmHnv Miiir inth nnH wx vo™ nil Th* collection at the door amonoted 

«^u'f:f"'JS'"re^i,:^Wy"aTtSded. ^ «6 m. 9d Seve^l handsome 

His Royal HighnesHhe Duke of Sua- donaUons were alao received, 
•expredded. 
lie Report contained encouraging 

fewer than 22,680 children have re- 

ceived Instruction in the Central May the ISth, the 30th Anaval 

Schools, Borough-road, since their Meeting of the above Society toot 

Irst establishment. It is supposed place, at the Chapel in Great Uueen- 

that there are about 100 schools on street, Lincoln's- inn-fields. Al an 



■'t 



INTSLL1G«NC|£) 8Cc. 



^57 



early hour the place was crowded to 
exceas. 

Owing to the indisposition of Mr. 
Hankey, Robert H. Marten, Esq. upon 
the suggestion of the Rev. 6. Burder, 
took the Chair. 

The Chairman read a letter from 
Lord Rocksavage, who, ho stated, al- 
though young, was a good and religi- 
ous man, in which his Lordship re- 
gretted that a prior engagement of a 
religious nature prevented his attend- 
ing the present meeting, and who per- 
sonally testified the respect in which 
he held the Society. 

The Rev. G. Bnrder then proceeded 
to read an abstract of the Report of 
the proceedings of the Missionaries in 
almost every part of the globe, and the 
result of their exertions in the cause of 
propagating a knowledge of the scrip- 
tares in the most remote regions of the 
world, and amongst the most ignorant 
of mankind. 

During the reading of this Report 
the most profound attention was paid. 

The Secretary, Mr. Arundel, in the 
absence of the Treasurer, then read a 
Report of the receipts and expendi- 
ture of the Society during the last 
year, by which it appeared that the 
former were £34,002 13s. lid. and 
the latter, «£33,005 6s. 8d. 

Upon the motion of the Rev. Dr. 
Bogue, the two Reports were ap- 
proved. 

The Rev. Gentleman then addressed 
the Meeting at considerable length, 
p<anting out the benefits which had 
resulted from the exertions of the 
Missionaries, and adduced as a proof 
of the general approval of tbeir pro- 
ceedings, the great increase of similar 
Societies. The Baptist Missionary 
Society was among Uie earliest. Mis- 
sionary Societies were now to be found 
in almost every country, more parti- 
cularly in Germany, Holland, and 
Switzerland ; and even in France they 
had lately been created. It was not 
until the establishment of the present 
Society that the public feeling was 
roused ; and they had now, in addition 
similar Societies, established by parties 
difiering only slightly in their religious 
seutiments, but who all had the same 
good object in view. There were now 
the Church Missionary Society, the 
Methodist Missionary Society, the 
Scotch Missionary Society, &c. It 
was from the exertions of the pre- 
sent society, that the language of 
the Heathen had been acquired 
for the purpose of instilling the 
scriptures. He mentioned it with 



regret, that 1800 years had elapsed 
before a translation of the scriptures 
could be fouftd for the instruction ef 
the most numerous nation in the world. 
That task had now been accomplished^ 
and by one of their Missionaries. Dr. 
Morrison would that day lay before 
them a Chinese Dictionary and Gram- 
mar, as also a translation of the scrip- 
tures into that difficult language. He 
concluded, by alluding to the feeling 
existing in the West Indies, and which 
had existed for many years against the 
members of the society ; and proposed 
a resolution expressing the sense of 
the meeting upon the indefatigable 
exertions of Dr. Morrison, in conjunc- 
tion with Dr. Milne. 

J. Butterworth, Esq. M.P. rose to 
second the resolution; he said, he 
could not refrain from relating an 
anecdote which occurred to his me- 
mory on the present occasion. Walk- 
ing, in company with a friend, through 
one of the rooms in the British Mu- 
seum, some years ago, his notice was 
attracted by the sight of a young man 
busily employed in deciphering a 
Chinese manuscript ; he inquired the 
object of such an undertaking, and 
was informed that the person was 
about going out to China for the pur- 
pose of acquiring a knowledge of the 
language, in order to translate the 
scriptures into that tongue, and thus 
sow the seeds of Christian knowledge. 
That young person proved to be Dr. 
Morrison-; and, although he (Mr. B.) 
at the time, treated the undertaking 
with slight attention, from what he 
considered its hopelessness ; yet the 
present instance would afford an ad- 
ditional proof of what may be done by 
perseverance under the Divine Will. 
He wished to add, that Dr. Morrison 
had collected 10,000 volumes of the 
history and literature of that imper- 
fectly known country, and whiph were 
now in this city. He would allude 
but slightly to the late event in De- 
merara, and pass no opinion, as he 
might have to give his judgment iu 
another place. — (Hear.) — He con- 
cluded by reading a letter from an 
esteemed friend to whom he had sent 
a copy of the trial, in which, after ex- 
pressing surprise at the verdict, his. 
friend says, " I opened my Will and 
immediately inserted £100 for the be-^ 
nefit of the widow."— (Applause.)—Of 
course he (Mr. B.) could not mention 
the name of the party, but he would 
state tliat he was a highly respectable, 
member of the Church of England.— 
(Applause.) 



3.58 IS' 

Dr. Morrison then came forward 
aniiist louil applause. He nUti'd ll>'it 
he that day presented the Sleeting 
with the Iruit* of MVenteen years ie«i- 
dence in China— a Dictionary of the 
Chinede lauguage In six quarto to- 
lumes, and a translation of the scrip- 

The Hon. B. Noel, in a speech ile- 
livrred with considerable animation 
and eloquence, went into a detail of 
the ni rcuoi stances relalin It to (he arrest 
nfMr. Smith, and quoted several pas- 
sages from The Neai Tinei, to shew 
that, Bithe dale of the traniiactions, in 
which Mr. Smitli was alleged lo have 
liL'en implicated. Martial Law did not 
exist, and therefore it was a tiolalion 
oftlie first principles of justice lo try 
himhy that law, «i>h)(J /otto, for any 
part he miglit have been supposed lo 
have taken in those transactions. Tlie 
Honourdble Gentleman strongly urRed 
that there was clear proof of Mr. 
Smith's entire innocence i and after a 
speech of sreat force and argument, he 
concluded by moving, as a Re- 

" That while this Meeting feels 
Rrateful satisfaction in reference to 
the general state of the Mciety's af- 
fairs, it cannot but express its unfeign- 
e.1 sorrow at the affecting events which 
hare recently talien place in the Colo- 
ny of Demerara ; its deep regret thai 
intolerance and persecution slioald 
have been so awfully manifested; iti 
solemn conviction, that not withstand' 
ing all the efforts of calumny an<l in. 
justice, the legal and moral innocenct 
of Iheir esteemed Missionary, the late 
Rev. John Smith, has been establishec 
on the ground of unequivocal evi- 
dence ; its affectionate sympaliiy witl 
his widowed relict and inouniin( 
friends, relieved by the consolator] 
remembrance that, while the hououi 
of a martyr's name invests liis me 
mory, * tlie Spirit of Glory and o 
tiod' rested upon him in the aeencs o 
arduous and lailhful exertion, in thi 
hour of trial, and in the prospect o 
immortality, and, above all, the so 
ciely cannot bill oipresB its hope, tlia 
from the justice and liberality of thi 
Itritish legislature a reversal of th< 
faliil sentence may l>e obtained." 

This resolution, as well as severs 
others relating to the proceedings o 
the society having been unanimonsi 
carried, thftnlis were voted to th 
Ch'iitirian, and tlie Meeting broke u 
al three o'clock iu the afternoon. 



iNCE, &C. 

EXTRACTS 

TWENTY ril'TH REPORT 

Rtligiout Tract Sociel;/. 
Mat 14, 1824. 

The communications respecting 
Ihina are particularly gratifying. Dr. 
torrison, and the Missionaries at 
lalarj^a, have endeiivonred lo sopply 
'te loss sustained by the decease of 
le late Dr. Milne ; and, from a leller 









ring the three years pTtcedinR 
fay 1823, one hundred and two Ihoo- 
and one hundred and fifty Tracts in 
he Chinese language, and three thon- 
and five hnndred iu the Malay, had 
leen printed and circulated at the ex- 
tent e of your society. 

The llelieioui Tract and Biwfc Sf- 
itiy for Irtland, has issued four hun- 
Ired and sixteen thousand two hun- 
Ired and seventy-seven Tracts and 
iooks during the past year. Tbepre- 
enl stale of Ireland renders the la- 
loura of that Institution of great im- 
Kirtance. Education has rapidly in- 
:reased, notwithstanding the opposi- 
ion of those who love darkness rather 
han light, and every eiertion must be 
ised lo supply the thirst for informs- 
ion, thus enitcd, with publications 
ffhose contents are calculated to pro. 
luce beneficial resultti. This is the 
nore necessary, as many thousands 
)f small works are now industrionslj 
circulated, which oppose the cause of 
,nilb, by every form of argument, from 
:he most ingenious sopliistry, to nn- 
(lushing and positive assertion, io 
jehalf of downright imposture. 

The Metropolis, as the centre of 
:!ommerce, and exhibiting, in every 
direction, a dense and busy populs- 
Lion, claims much attention from yom 
Committee, in various ways. 

The Iliver and MaHne Distributors 
have been supplied, during the past 
year, with thirteen thousand lonr 
hundred Tracts, and further quanti- 
lies have been granted for the Oul- 
porta, by the Parent Society, and se- 
vera! of the Auxiliaries. The grants 
for Marine Distribution have, for se- 
veral years, been very considerable; 
hnt the beneficial effects from this 
branch of your labours, have presented 
an amiite return; the Instances of the 
usefulness of Tracts amoo); seamen, in 
a moral and religious point of view, 
are numeruuij and encoutaging; and 



INTELLIOENCE, &C, 



tli«i[ 



:r«at V 



"do 



, _. pe influence, mat nl J 

tflwted bj your I'ublicalions. TracU 
■re (jreit favourites with seamen ; the 
edRenie^a willi wUlrli tliey are re- 
ceived, nnd Ike care with which ibej 
an preserved, o^n liaiclly be imagined 
by IhoBC who have nol persanally wit- 
nebsea Bone of the many interestinK 
facte coDununicateil to your Coa- 

Eleven thousand six hundred Tracts 
hive been distributed amoni(llie Pri- 
■ana and Hospitala ; various Peni- 
lestiaries and Asylonig have also been 
lupplied. Siity-eight thousand three 
hundred have been distributed at Ihe 
Fairs in and near the Metropolis. 
Some testimoniei have been received 
ef benefits reiultiug from IbeER distri' 
buiions; but none more pleasinn than 
B letter from the Superintend ant ot 
theFiUroy Sehorfs; as the prevention 
of evil must ever be more f;ratiryin« 
than Us cure. The Tract called Thi 
Fair, was distributed among th« aii 
buadred children in these schools, pre^ 
vioua to the last Bartholomew Fair 
On inquiry, at the close of the week 
it was found, that no more than thret 
girls and five bojs had been to thi 
Fair, and that these would not liavi 
Eoue, had not their parents takei 
them. Others had inlrealed their pa 
rents to be left at home, Sayiu;;, Ilia 
their teachers would be sorry if the; 
went, and that they were nrc ne goui 
twtdi'CgotbyeoiKg. 

Jvtghty-seven thousand sinnll Tract 
and Hand-bills have been diBlributei 
in Ihe outskirts of the Mptropolis, oj 
the Ijord'B-day. Every member o 
friend of your Institution whose fa 
mily engasemenfs, or nvocationa in Ih 
leof bis Divine Master, hav '- 



him t( 



e thL- 



of Lnu 



^ _.i tbe day appointed for sacrc' 

rest', will bear tesliniuuy to the iui 
portanre of this proceeding. Severn 
friends, who have personally wii 
nessed tlie lalue of these Inbouri 
bave aided tliis work, and It is to b 
hoped that many more will foUo' 
their example. 

Ten thousand Tracts have been dii 
tributcd among tlie Pensioners, wli 
attend at Greenwich to receive the 
respecUve allowances, and have bee 
thus carried by tlieni to the remote; 
parts of llie hingdom, 

Tlie oomber of Tracts issued fro 
jour De|)ository, duringtlie past yea 
is (eH iHilfiBN] iKthe Ihwuand ku 



: ii:i'ty, more than the year 
Those printed in other 
. your expense are not in- 



NOTICES. 



ome MutiottMrff Soeirlf. 
ual Meeting of this society 
id at the City of LoDdoa 
Tuesday Evening, Jnna 
<;Jiinr la it (nJcen *i lij: 

rprospeetofanotherAnnual 
)e tkimmitlec of this Inati- 
der the necessity of stating, 
plicalioni for astiBtanee la 
f have very fkr eieeeded 
y fanner year, whilst the 
not increased in the same 
Do ring the last year. 



have 



der the patronage of this 
id although not altogether 
by its funds, yet so far de- 
hat, without its aid, they 
relinquished many ilations 
t for their labours, would 
. lamentably destitute of 
t instruction. Besides the 
lionaries, who are entirely 
> the work, upwards of 
cd and occasional preachers 
lel are assisted in defraying 
esoftheir labours in distani 
ite 1 illagcs. 

umittee cannot but deeply 
, notwithstanding the funds 
:iety are increasing every 
have been under Ihe paia- 
sity of delaying the aid 
Forded to many diligent la- 
ind that upwards of Ttrentif 
Mom, on behalf of, at least, 
(I villages, have, as yet,te- 
assislance, tntirelsftr Bant 

AM FhIGNDS ARU FtLLOW- 

auae and ll,e Committee 
eal to you I Relying upua 
rality, the expenditure has 
ved to eiLcccd Ihe income, 
hundred poundt, duriag the 

nt thai, as you feel the 
home and of kindred, as you 
that are perishing in their 
difslilute of a preached gos- 
I, above all, as you love the 
^ho bhcd bis blood for you— 



thU society will not he auffen-d to 
languish for want uf fundi, but that, 
at the approaching Anniversary, you 
vrill affonl that prompt and seaaunable 
aid which other societiea have expe- 
rienced when under similar embarrasa- 

(Signed on Behalf of the Committee) 

P.S. It is particularly requested 
that Auxiliary Societies and active 
ftienda, who have received contribu- 
tions for the society by " Callccting 
Buoka," or " Missionary Boxes," will 
be so kind as to remit . the amount by 
some friend, to the Secretaries, at the 
' Annual Meeting, or to the 'I'reasuirr, 
as above J which sums, together viilh 
those which have been recently re- 
ceived, will be acknowledged in the 
'■OuabterlyReqistek" for July next. 

TENT PREACHING. 

contemplation to erect a 



It 



Tent in the vicinity of the Regenc) 
Parfc, or Hampaltad Heaih, with a 
view to the instruction of the mulU- 
tade of aabbalh-hreakcrs that usually 
Aequent those places duringthe sum- 
mer season. It is intended to have 
three services every Lord's^ay, to- 
wards which the neighbouring minis- 
ters have kindly engaged to afford 
their ^ruftutous services. It has been 
ascertained that tiie Tent itself will 
cost nearly forty pounds, besides other 
expenses ; it is therefore earnestly 
requested, that such friends as are 
favourable to the undertaking, will 
fonvard their names ; and, at the 



to either of the following miuisters 
and gentlemen : — Rev. J. H. Evans, 
Hampalcad Htalk; Bev. E. Lewis, 
Highgate ; Rev. J. Edwards, Ktntak 
' Town; Hew, S .Veti, OnuAurgk-tlTtlt, 



Thk Baptist Association, compre- 
hending the Upper District uf the late 
WESTERN ASSOCIATION, will 
hold their Annual Meetingin Whitsua- 
week, at the Rev. Vf. H. Murch'i 
Meeting-house in Frome. The Kev. 
Dr. Ryland has engaged to draw up 
the Circular Letter, and sermons will 
be preached by the Rev. Messrs. 
Crisp, Winteibntham, and SaSery.— 
On the same week will be held the 
Annual Meeting of the Frome Society 
in Aid of the Baptist Mission. On 
Tuesday Evening, ihe Rev, Mr. Davis 
of Bath is expected to preach in behalf 
of the Mission, and the Meeting for 
business wilt be held on Wednesday 
Evening, when ItobertHaynes,EiSq.<)r 
Westbury, has kindly consented to 
take the Ctair; and it is hoped VritA 
several of (he miniHters, belonging to 
the Association, will advocate the 
Missionary cause. 



Lilt ofthe Annual Meetings of the 
Baptist Denomination, I S24.* 

TUESDAY, JUNE 22. EvEj<lir<j,0. 
— Annual Meeting of the Baptist 
Home Missionary Society, at the 
City of London l^vem, Bishopa- 
gate-street. 

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 23. Moin- 
INO, R.— General (Union) Meeting 
of the Ministers and Messengers^ 
the Baptist Churches in Town and 
<kiuntry, at Dr. Kippon'a Meeting 
House, Carter- lane, Tooley-atreel. 

THURSDAY, JUNE 24.— Evbnihg, 
Gj.— Annual Sermon for the Step- 
ney Academical Institution, at 
Hev. Mr. Hoppus's Meeting House, 
Carter Lane, Doctors' Commons, by 
the Rev. W. H. Murch of Frome. 

FRIDAY, JUNE 26, Morninc 6.- 
Annual Meeting of the Baptist Irish 
Society, at the City of London Ta- 
vern, Kishopsgate-street ; J. Bul- 
terworth, Esq. M.P. in the Chaii. 



3. Mercnry (as to longitude) between 

the Earth and the Sun, X. mom. 
6. Moon passes Mars I, 12 aft. 
6. Whit- Sunday; 
II. Full Moon II. 38 afl. Too far 
sooth to pass through the Earth's 

15. Ceres south I. 9 afl. Altitude 
MO. 61'. 
Ekkata in our la 



' Set aisa Miisumary Herald, p, 263. 

CalenDat fiir Sfune. 



22. Herschel south I. morn. Altitude 

15". 23'. 
24. Moon passes Saturn III. 30 aft. 
2G. Moon passes Mercury IX. mora. 
2G. Moon passes Venus VII. 4S mom. 

26. New Moon XI. 39 afl. Her 
shadow will fall upon part of the 
Earth, but not upon London. 

27. Moon passes Jupiter X. alt. 
.p. 206, 1, 35, for " solemnnesa " read " BolemoMt," 

F. 208, 1. SO, for jttrD, read jHrf. 



Sn6i> CJronWe. 



The near spproRch of anuther An- 
nual Meeting of the Baplitit Irish 
Societf nill, no dmibt, be re);arded 
bj its friends wilh that peculiar inte- 
reit which, on former occasions, tliey 
laie'ao cheeifully discovered. The in- 
diipeosable necessity of zealous, bene- 
Tolenl, and persevering exertions OD 
behalf of the sister coiintt?, are but 
beginning to be felt and achnonledged. 
The field of Biertion is eitended in- 
deed, and, though the labourers, we 
rejoice to say, are multiplying, yet the 
moral and spiritual results, compared 
with the direful influence of ignorance 
and Buperstitioa, which their benig- 
nant services are, under God, adapted 
to counteract and remove, remain af- 
fectingly considerable. In con due [- 
bg, therefore, the operations of this 
lulitutioD, and in looking forward to 
Its returning Anniversary, wilh what 
devout diligence shauld the spirit and 
feeling suggested by the impressive 
language of the prophet be cultivated; 
" Not by migbt, nor by power, but by 
Biy Spirit, aaitb the Lord of Hosts: 
Who art thou, O great mountain! 
before Zerubbabel thou shalt beuHne a 

Slain : and he shall bring fortb the 
eadatone thereof nitb shoutings, cry- 
ing Grace, grace unto it." 

The readers of the Irish Chronicle 
will bemuchgratified by the manly and 
able reply which the Rev. Mr. Page 
ofWorcester has made iathe Worces- 
ter Journal, to a singular communica- 
tion tjom a Mr. Langley of Bromsgroie, 
and which also appeared in that paper. 



TO THE REV. HENRY PAGE, 

Rose Hill, near Wvrcestei: 
Rev, Sir, — I perceive, by an ad- 
TsrtisemeDt in the WonieBter Jour- 
nal, that we are requested, by the' 
Society for promoting Knowledge 
and Chriatian Education among 
the poor and neglected Irish, to for- 
ward our aubscriptiODB to you, so aa 
to enable the Society to diffuse the 
knowledge of the gospel of Christ 
Jesus among that gross, ignorant, 
and unhappy people. There may ap- 
pear, perhaps, to some people, some- 
thing praiseworthy and truly Christian 
in the undertakings but I must ac- 
knowledge that to me, at present, it 
appears quits the reverse. Therefore, 
I tako the liberty of addressing you 
upon the subject, befora I forward you 
OQmito; which I most certainly will 
do, pravided you will condescend to 



answer me a few qnestiong ; hut yoar 
answer must satisfactorily prove (h« 
utility of the scheme the Society have 

First. — Is the gospel which the So- 
ciety wishes to be preached amonjc 
them, the same gospel that St. Patrick 
preached to them, when he converted 
the Irish nation from Paganism to the 
Roman Catholic Christian faith ? 

Second.— Do the Irish Catbolie 
Cle^ teach the same gospel Uie 
Society preach from ? 

Tbird._Is there any remissness or 
neglect among the Catholic Clergy, Id 
respect to their duty as preachers of 
the gospel t Are the poor neglected, 
and the rich only attended to 7 

Fourth. — Are there a sufficient num- 
ber of Catholic Priests in Ireland, tu 
attend to the education and Christian 
instruction of the Catholic population 
of that kingdom ^ The number of 
Catholic Priests in Ireland, I believe, 
is about 3,000. 

Fifth— If the gospel the Society 
wishes to be promulgated be the same 
as St. Patrick preached, why disturb 
the Irish, with any new method of de- 
livering Ihesame! If itis not, wherein 
docs it differ ! Whether in essentials, 
or non-essentlalB, and in what those 

Siith.—If the Catholic Priest ia 
employed in preaching the same gos- 
pel the Society wishes to be taaght, 
why send itinerant preachers amongst 
themt Will it not have atendencyta 
irritate rather than soothe the pai- 
sions ! If they do not preach the same 
gospel, what is the difference? 

Seventh.— Are the Catholic Clergy, 
in any respect, averse to the lower 
class being educatedl Are there not 
thousands and tens of thousands gra- 
tuitoosly educated by the Catholic 
Clergy and Gentry of Ireland! Are 
not the Catholic PriesU of Ireland all, 
and almost always, incessantly employ-- 
ed.inadministeringto thespiritualaod 
temporal wants of six millions of peo- 
ple! Are they not the peace. makers 
throughout every district? Aro they 
not almost continually employed in 
conGrming the good, and reclaiming 
the sinful! Are not their labours in< , 
cessant, and their very existence « 
state of continual self-denial! Do not 
the Catholic Priests fly to (he bed of 
sickness at a moment's call ! Does 
any dread of contagion, or any other 
temporal obstacle, deter them! 

^ghth and Iisstly.— Will th«goipel, 
and the method the Sodety take to 



262 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 



difTuse the same, hare a tendency to 
make the peasantry of Ireland better 
husbands, or more faithful wives? 
Better fathers, or more affectionate 
mothers ? More dutiful and obedient . 
eliildren? More faithful and loyal 
subjects ? In short, will it have, in the 
remotest degree, a tendency to make 
tliem better men and women, better 
Christians, than the method taken by 
the Catholic Clergy ? If not, why be 
ftt the expense of sending ? 

These, Rev. Sir, are the only ques- 
tions I shall at present propose for 
your consideration. If these are sa- 
tisfactorily answered, by you or any of 
the Society, so as to prove the utility 
of sending itinerant preachers out of 
England into Ireland, or employing 
Irish preachers, in opposition to the 
Irish Catholic Clergy, I will imme- 
diately forward you my subscription, 
which shall not be less than £10. 

You may, if you please, reply to 
this through the medium of this Paper, 
or in any other way which will be 
nore agreeable to you, and I will, on 
the receipt thereof, return you my 
answer. I am, Rev. Sir, 

Yours respectfully, 
William Langley, 
A Member of the Old Church. 

Brom$grov€, March 29, 1824. 



To Mr. William Langley, 

Sir, — So difficult is it to enter into 
the feelings of others, or even to men- 
tion what we account their errors, 
without offending instead of benefit- 
ting them, that I have long preferred 
the peaceable and zealons inculcation 
of what I conceive to be right princi- 
ples to any direct attack on those who 
differ. The best way of keeping down 
error, is to declare the truth ; and if, 
on the present occasion, I am led to 
adopt a different course, I hope that 
persons of your communion will bear 
in mind, that you have compelled me. 

Let me not, while avowing my zeal 
for Protestantism, and my objections 
to the Roman Catholic religion, be 
suspected of approving, in the slight- 
est degree, the employment of any 
otiier means in the support of truth, 
than those of persuasion and prayer. 
Nor let it be supposed, that, from an 
inability to distinguish between men's 
persons and their errors, I would con- 
demn all those who profess a faith 
which I regard as fundamentally erro- 
neous. I have lived to learn, that 
true religion is confined to no sect, 
that it is bften found in combination 
with aitch speculatire etror^ and that 



there are, in almost every religions 
community, men who are l)ettor than 
the system they espouse, who sincere- 
ly rely on the merits of our Lord Jesiis 
Christ alone for salvation, and who 
prove, by the purity of their condnct, 
and the benevolence of their spirit, 
that their supreme object is to please 
God. 

It would be difficult to reply to all 
your questions without re-printinp 
them ; and fully to answer them all 
would occupy the whole of the news- 
paper, instead of that small portion of 
it that can be spared to roe. But I 
think that no injustice will be done to 
you, if all your questions are reduced 
to four. 

1. — Arfc the Preachers of the Baptist 
Irish Society Protestants or Roman 
Catholics ? 

2. — If not Roman Catholics, where- 
in do tfiey differ from them ? 

3. — if the I^reachers of the Society 
are Protestants, why do we send 
them among Roman Catholics ? 

4. — Why do we not leave the edu- 
cation of the lower classes in Ireland, 
entirely in the hands of the Roman 
Catholic priesthood ? 

1. — Are the Preachers employed by 
the Baptist Irish Society, Protestants 
or Roman Catholics; and do t^ey 
preach the doctrine that St. Patrick 
preached ? — YoU know. Sir, that they 
are Protestants. With regard to St. 
Patrick, some persons doubt whether 
such a man ever existed ; and most 
persons arc agreed, that the Irish, 
whether they received the Gospel 
from him or from any other source, be- 
longed generally to the sect of the 
Culdees, and did not acknowledge the 
Roman Pontiff, till the time of Pope 
Adrian, in 1151. They were not Ro- 
man Catholics. But really. Sir, who 
St. Patrick was, or what was his doc- 
trine, is to me a matter of very little 
importance. No saint, no father, so 
martyr, no doctor, no reformer, no 
council, no confession or creed, is to 
any consistent Protestant the standard 
or rule of his faith. He may adopt 
the language of others as expressive ef 
his own sentiments, but the Bible, and 
the Bible alone, is Ihe religion of Pro* 
teetants, 

2. — You desire, secondly, to be in- 
formed wherein our preachers differ 
from the Roman Catholics? — Upon 
this subject you cannot surely want 
information ; and your object, I pre- 
sume, must be to provoke a controver- 
sy, from which, could I anticipate any 
results, upon the whole, beneficial, I 
would not 8briD|:f but iBta "whiob I 



IRISH CHRONICLE. 



^3 



certainly do not intend to be drawn. 
As to the sentiments of our preactiers, 
the most prominent is tlie grand article 
for whkli tlie early Reformers con- 
tended in opposition to the Church of 
Rome, that we are justitied in the 
sight of God by faith in the all-suffi- 
cient sacriiice which Christ once offer- 
ed for sin, without any works or merits 
on the part of man. The idea of merit 
in a sinful creature we utterly re- 
nounce, and rely solely on the merits 
of the Redeemer. We teach men that 
religion is a personal thing ; that it 
has its seat in the heart ; that no rites 
or ceremonies, even those of divine 
appointment, have any inherent effi- 
cacy to secure the divine favour, nor 
does their absence exclude from it ; 
and that their utility depends on the 
faith, the repentance, and the spirit of 
him who observes them ; that it is not 
the community to >vliich we belong, 
nor the sentiments we adopt, nor the 
forms we observe, that can constitute 
us the sons of God ; but our possessing 
that true spirit of faith, which purifies 
the heart'; conforms us to the image of 
tke Saviour, and influences us to keep 
all the commandments of God ; and to 
rU who sincerely believe in the Son of 
God we announce the glad tidings of 
forgiveness and salvation. 

Now such being our system of doc- 
trine, it is easy to perceive wherein 
we differ from the Church of Rome. 
We deny your doctrine of human me- 
rit, and the efficacy of pilgrimages, 
penances, and alms ; we condemn 
yourworsliipping of images, and your 
invocation of saints and angels; we 
disapprove of your confession of the 
sins of your hearts and lives to a fel- 
low-creature, and thepower he thereby 
obtains of guiding your consciences, 
and regulating your conduct; we do 
not believe that, in the ordinance 
which figuratively represents the sa- 
crifice of Christ, by the prayer of con- 
secration, a wafer is converted into 
the body and blood, the life, soul, and 
divinity of our blessed Lord ; nor that 
he is offered up afresh in what you call 
the sacrifice of the Mass, every time 
the ^icfaarist is celebrated ; but we 
believe that his offering of himself 
once upon the cross, for ever takes 
away all the sins of those who sin- 
cerely believe in him. Your denying 
salvation to any without the pale of 
your own communion ; your withhold- 
ing the scriptures from the common 
people, unless accompanied by a com- 
ment of your own ; your maintaining 
tbat heresy is cognizable by the civil 
Qagistrate, and that heretics, if ob- 



stinate, may be pnnishcd' with the . 
sword ; your doctrine of indulgences, 
and your conducting public worship 
in an unknown tongue : these and 
many others are points on which we 
differ. You will not say that the 
opinions of Roman Catholics are some- 
what modified; for though there are 
a few topics on which I believe some 
of her sons \^ould hesitate to defend 
her, and which, from respect to their 
feelings, I abstain from mentioning ; 
the Church of Rome is infallible and 
immutable, semper eadem is her motto, 
and on the points adduced, but littU; 
alteration of sentiment is observable. 
In offering this reply to your question 
I have endeavoured Carefully to ab- 
stain from defending our own senti- 
ments, and from controverting yours ; 
for in controvery, if possible, I will not 
engage. 

3. — I proceed to inform you, tliirdly. 
Why we send Protestant preachers 
among Roman Catholics? — Now, Sir, 
can you propose this question serious- 
ly ? Do you imagine that we attach 
no importance to our sentiments? 
That our fathers, throughout Europe, 
died by thousands and tens of thou- 
sands, for that which after all is not 
worth propagating? That Catholics 
are to be unremitting in their zeal, in 
England as well as in Ireland, to gain 
proselytes to their views, but that we 
are to be listless and inactive ? But 
will it not, say you, have a tendency ^o 
iiritate? What an idea would you 
give us of the Catholic priesthood ? 
What ! is there no being at peace with 
them, unless we consent to be silent ? 
No possibility of satis^'ing tl>em 
without quitting the field ? To be irri- 
tated at political disabilities, or at 
unequal laws, or at violence done to 
our consciences, where these evils 
exist, is natural; but in this happy 
land, where every man may securely 
profess, and peaceably propagate, any 
religious sentiments that appear to 
him correct, to be irritated because 
half a dozen plain men quietly teach 
the Protestant doctrine, savours but 
too much of that exclusive spirit with 
which you are often charged. 

4. — I come now to tl^ fourth and 
principal inquiry. Why not leave the 
education of the poor in Ireland to th^ 
Catholic priests ? — For this plain rea- 
son. — Whatever attention might be 
paid to the education of the poor in 
other parts of Ireland, of the fifteen 
hundred thousand in the provinces of 
Connaught and Munster, who con- 
verse principally, and in some places 
entirely, in the Irish language, none 



264 



litlSH CHRONICLE. 



vere receiting insirvction in their na- 
Hve tongue! It has been well ob- 
served, by Lord Harrowby, " that if 
any thing can be found to allay the 
terrors, and heal the wounds, of that 
unhappy country, it is the dissemina- 
tion of the gospel of peace ; and that 
the best mode in which that gospel 
can be distributed, and the most likely 
to overcome the prejudices of the peo- 
ple, is to present it to them in their 
own tongue." But before the institu- 
tion of this Society, there was not, I 
believe, a single school in which the 
Irish language was taught: till the 
Hibernian Society published one, 
there was not even a Primer in that 
tongue; and though the Irish Bible 
had lately been printed, but for these 
and similar exertions, it would not 
have found readers. That a happier 
day is dawning on Ireland than she 
has for along time seen, is, I believe, 
the general expectation; but the 
wannest hopes of her friends arise 
from contemplating that elevation of 
character which will result from the 
education of her peasantry, and that 
enlargement of mind, and correctness 
of demeanour, which are the natural 
results of an acquaintance with the 
Holy Scriptures. For myself, I have 
but little confidence in any education 
of which the Bible is not the founda- 
tion ; but I should be sorry if the cause 
of education, or the circulation of the 
Scriptures were impeded, by connect- 
ing with the Bible the peculiar senti- 
ments of any sect. On these princi- 
ples the Baptist Irish Society act. 
Spelling-books with Scripture lessons, 
and the New Testament without note 
or comment, are the only school books ; 
and no catechism is allowed to be 
taught in the schools. In this manner 
about 8,000 poor children are at pre- 
sent receiving instruction; there are 
ninety-tito day-schooh in various parts 
of the country; Jifteen of which are 
exclusively for females ; and during the 
nine years the Society has esisted, 
30,000 children and adults have been 
taught to read, who had before re- 
ceived no instruction in their native 
tongue,* Many persons, it is hoped, 

* It must not be understood that aU 
these have been taught to read the Irish 
language; the chief part have learned 
the English. By the labours of the 
Readers of the Irish Scriptures, many 
persons have heard of the gospel, who 
could not otherwise have understood 
it; and some adults, as well as chil- 
dren, have been taught to read the Bi- 
ble in their native Utngue^Seeretaries. | £50 from Mrs. HoUand df BristoL 



have been brought to form their senti- 
ments, and to regulate their conduct, 
by the principles of the Holy Scrip- 
tures, a book which they had never 
seen till given them by the Society's 
agents ; some notorious rebels against 
the Government have become loyal 
and peaceable subjects ; and a mani- 
fest improvement is observable in those 
parts of the country to which the la- 
bours of the Society have been chiefly 
directed. With regard to your in- 
quiries concerning the influence of 
Protestantism on the happiness of so- 
cial life, far be it from me to be blind 
to excellence,,wherever it exists, or to 
be niggard in its praise. There have 
been, and there are, no doubt, very 
many members of your communion, as 
distinguished for every thing amiable 
and benevolent as any Protestant can 
be; but to ascertain the general in- 
fluence of the system, let any man ac- 
quainted with the state of society, 
compare Spain, Portugal, Italy, Aus- 
tria, and France, with Britain, Hoi- 
land, Germany, the Northern States of 
Europe, and the United States of Ame- 
rica, and let him judge whether the 
influence of the Reformation on the 
interests of liberty and morality, and 
the happiness of mankind, has not 
been beneficial in all the countries 
where it has prevailed. 

Thus, Sir, I have endeavoured to 
answer your inquiries. If any thing 
has escaped me calculated to wound 
the feelings of a candid mind, I shall 
be disappointed. It were easy to 
write volumes on the controversy be- 
tween Protestants and the Church of 
Rome, but I am resolved not to en- 
gage in any dispute on the subject. 
The only question in which I have any 
concern, is this,— Are the Irish pea- 
santry, particularly the native Irish, in 
want of education? — ^The answer is 
too plain to require any further dis- 
cussion ; and whatever line of conduct 
you may thinkproper to adopt, I can 
anticipate no benefit from the conti- 
nuance of the correspondence, and am 
content to leave it, in its present state, 
to the judgment of the public. 

I have only to add, that absence from 
home, and indisposition, have pre- 
vented my taking earlier notice of your 
letter. — I am, Sir, 

Yours, respectfully, 

Henry Pace. 

Rose Hill, April 10, 1824 . 



*»* The Treasurer acknowledges 
the handsome Donation of oMfher 



9^5 



^to0tonarp ^ralb. 



BAPTIST MISSION. 



The Friends to this Mission are respectfully informed, that the ANNUAL 
MEETINGS of the SOCIETY ^ill be held in LONDON, lu the course of the 
fi«s«nt M#Bth, according to the following arrangement : 

TUESDAY, JUNE 2^ 

Moft)til«o, 11. — An open Meeting of the Conmittee of the Baptist MissioMtrjr 

Society, at the Missionary Rooms, 0, Fen-co«rt, Fenehurch- 
Utreet, at which the Comjpany of aiich Ministers as nay be ih 
1*0Wn is particularly requested, espectally the MembM« ef tii^ 
Corresponding Committee. 

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 25. 

Morning, 11. — Sermon for the Baptist Missionary Sodeiy, at Great Queen- 
street Chapel, Lincoln's-ina-fieldsi by the Rer. Christopher 
Anderson of Edinburgh. 

EiTBNiNO, 6. — Sermon for the Baptist Misuonary Sodetgr, at Surnr Chapel, 

Blaokfriars-road, by the Rev. Thomas Moroaii of fiirming* 
ham. 

THURSDAY, JUNE 24. 

Mmkinc^ 9.-^Praycr Meeting for the Mission, at Eajgle-itreet Meetitg Heits^. 

Some Minister from the Country is expected to deliver an 
Addvtss. 
ll.«^Anttual Meeting «f the Baptist Missionary Sodety^ at G^eat 
Qneen-street Ghapvl, Idiie<4a'84ui-Mds | Bcnjraiii Shaw, 
Esq. in the 



" ' Rey* Biessni. Giles of Chatthan, and 

KENT. Ohroset ef AWditone, were le^ohoseli 

te their respeotlve offices. Mr. Criii^ 

gare a very Imd im1 interesting ttew 

The AttBual Meeting of the Kent oftheotierationsofMrtoathrMiBtlie 

An&iliary Baptiit Missi«iair Society East, and animatiag addresses wen 

was held ssi Tuesday and Wednesday, delirered liy Messn. Shipley, E«fll, 

the aotkMd 21^ of April, at Cimft- Benttif, Giles, and Groser. It was 

bioek. EKoellsftt sermons were preaeii- determined that the next tteoHHg 

ed on tiie oeeasioa, by the Rev. J. M. should be hold at BfaidstoAe, thO Wed- 

Cfanp of London, and the Rev. J. nesday before the Ml inooft fio April, 

SUttosio of ChatlMun ; the latter of i026, ud tbfet tiM Ret. John ^er, 

whom laiidly K^sUed on the Wedties- Socvetaoy Of the Pareot Sodety,olfo«lil 

day eroniag, when the public bueUess be inyited to frea<A oa the O^BCSIioa. 

•f the Society was ttaosacted. The Maid$ione, W. G. 

VOL. XVJ. 2 C 



21)6 MissiosAiiy 

P.S. A Female AHHOcinliun in aid I 
of Iho Baplist Hiasionary Society, was 
formed, March 17, 1821, at Uovrr. 
The Rttv. W. (iraier uf Haidston? 
ptf ached, and the Set.^atara. Giles 
of Chatham; Pethebridge of. Dover, 
and Clark, and Belcher of Folkstone, 
delivered nuitahle addresses to an at- 
tentive audience. The spint etini'ed 
by both minister and people, autjio- 
rizea uh to hope that this intant inati- 
tiilion will grow and prosper. 



WESTERN DISTRICT. 

The Fourtli Anniversary of tlie 
Aunlliarj Society, for Part of the 
WestetP District, was held on Wed- 
nesday, the "Jlst of April, at Yeovil. 
On the preceding evenios a very 
impressive eorraon was delivered by 
the Rev. J, Bayues of Wellington, 
from John x. 16. And nlkcr thtep I 
Jiani, which are nvt of Ika fold: Ifccm 
alio I rami bring, ontl they thall hear 
my Jtoue : and Ihtre iluUi be one /old, 
and on« iheyherd. From this appro- 
priate passage the preacher strikingly 
exhibited the iMundleu compassion of 
the benevolent Savtoar — the certain 



I liappy reanlti of his 
t — and the blissfnl issne of his 
[inparaileled love — in a strain of manly 
and pious eloquence, that deeply in- 
terested the feelings of bis audience in 
Tavour of Miisionary exertions. Tlie 

.introductory prayer was offered by 
Mr, WaylandofLyme. 

On the foUonine morning the ser- 

. vices were commenced with reading 
the scriptures and prayer by Mr. Sin- 
gleton, when the Kev. S. Saunders ol 
Frome preached a very saperior s«r- 
monfram Psalmxliii. 3. O stud out thy 

- tight and thy tmh. The beautiful pro- 
priety of this prayer, so admirably 

ladapted to the circomstances of the 

.persons, whose moral degrafiatiim en. 

' gased the enlightened sympathy of its 
pious author, was urged with great 
strength of argument, as still necos- 

•Miy, from the total inadeqoiioj ol 
every system, but the one embodied 
in the gospel, to lessen the misery, 
and improve the condition of man. 
The Rev. Mr. Dnrant, Independent, 

, concluded with prayer. 

Mr. Elliott, Home Missionary, oc- 

.cupyiag an important siatioo in the 
vicinity of Minehead, preached in the 
afternoon. 
In the cveiuDg, ,a Public Meeting 



ivas held in the Independent cbapel, 
ivhich nas kindly lent on the occa- 
a.>n. The Hev. S. Saunders, who 
prtsirled, explained Uie iibject of the 
meeting,, after nliich'tbe Secretary 
read the report. Severnl resolutions 
were proposed and seconded by Messrs. 
Viney, Jukes (Independent minister 
in the town), Waylaud, Price. Chap- 
man, Klliott, Humphrey, Clarke, Ga- 
briel, Baynes, and llrook. The ser- 
vice was commenced by the Rev, Mr. 
Jukes, and closed by the Rev. R. 
Horsey with prayer. Thus terminated 
these intereslinR solemnities, which 
may he justly regarded as a detlghtfut 
pledge of the happy period when there 
shall be one fold, and one shepherd. 
The impressive appeals made on the 
behalf of the dark plar.es of the earth, 
full of llie habitations of cruelty, ex- 
cited a deep I'eelini^ of commiseratiaii, 
which we hope will not be permiltsd 
to subside until the general diffusion 
of the everlasting gospel harmonizen 
with the extended commission of the 
compassionate Redeemer, who required 
that it should be published to eveiy 

TiceTloit, 3. S. 



Designation of a Missionary. 

On Thursday' evening. May 6; Mr. 
John Fleming was set apart to Mii- 
sionary service, at Mr. Upton's meet- 
ing house, Church- street, GlackfriBra. 
The service commenced with readia; 
(he scriptures and . prayer, by Mi. 
Dyer; the introductory discoorse was 
delivered by Mr. Copley of Watford; 
Mr. Ivimey offered the ordination pray- 
er, and a chai^ was addressed to the 
Missionary by Mr. Griffin of Prescol- 
sCreet, who also closed the meeting in 
prayer. 

It has already been stated, that Mr. 
FleAiirtg was destined to cammebce a 
Mission at the Mosquito shore, in 
connexion with that which has already 
been established at Belize, in the Bay 
of Honduras. For this last named 
port be set sail on the 12Ui instant, 
with Mrs. F. and tbeir infint child, 
having embarked on the Oaean, Capt. 
Whittle, the vessel by which several 
other of the Society's Missioaarie) 
have previously been granted a free 
passage. We trust the time is not dr 
distant, when owners of a like splHl 
shall be found in other directions, Inil 
ambassadors to the heathen be con- 
veyed, free of charge, to every tegion 
of the globe 1 



MISSIONARY HEKALl). 



267' 



JForefgw Sfntelliffente. 



HOWRAH (near Calcutta,) 

The following Letters from 
Mr. Stathuniy the active Mission- 
ary at this station, dated in No- 
vember last, contain pleasing 
evidence of the gradual progress 
of Christian dispositions and ex- 
ertions on the one hand, and af- 
fecting proof on the other, of the 
fatal tendency of idolatry to hard- 
en the heart, and extinguish every 
social and benevolent feeling. 

I AM happy to say, that since I 
wrote last our venerable brother Dr. 
Carey has been recovering health ; al- 
t^agh it is feared his fall and sub- 
sequent fever have so reduced him 
that he will no longer be able to per- 
form his various duties as heretofore — 
but we rejoice that he is spared a little 
longer. On Friday last the Bethel 
lodging house for seamen was opened 
und^r very pleafiing circumstances. 
Many seamen had expressed their 
willingness to avail themselves of the 
opportunity of retiring from the scenes 
of dissipation and wretchedness that 
the houses open for their reception in 
Calcutta continQally presented ; and 
it was truly gratifying on the night 
before mentioned, to behold a goodly 
number assembled to join in the devo- 
tional services with which the house 
was opened. Several captains of ships 
were present, who expressed their 
hearty concurrence in the measure; 
atid most of the brethren of the differ- 
ent denominations were also there. I 
^ave out a hymn; brother Warden 
prayed ; brother Mack, in a very suit- 
able address, explained the origin of 
Bethel meetings, and the necessity of 
not only having a place of prayer for 
seamen, but also suitable lodgings, 
where the impressions gained by at- 
tendance on public means might be 
strengthened by religious conversa- 
tion, family worship,^ &c.; brotlier 
Trawin then prayed, ' and I endea- 
voured, in a final address, to promote 
the same feelings. It was a delight- 
ful season, and all seemed to gain 
strength and courage. 
' It is very encouraging to the friends 
of Missions, to observe many impedi- 
ments to the reception of the gospel 
daily removed. Some little time ago 
no native of rank would hear of tui- 



tion to the female part of his house- 
hold ; but in many instances this pre- * 
judice is removed, as several baboos 
(native gentlemen) are now employing 
young' women, who have been edu- 
cated in the schools established by the 
various Missionary Societies, to teach 
their wives and daughters. Who can 
tell how this little leaven may spread ? 
The day of small things is not to be 
despised. I am happy to say, that 
amongst nominal Christians in this ' 
place, there seems to be a great con- 
cern about religious things. When 1 
first came to Howrah, three years ago, 
I preached in a small bungalow to a 
few friends ; then a puckah house was 
rented ; this became too small : it was 
proposed to build a chapel — by the 
blessing of God it was built : it con- 
tains with ease one hundred and eighty 
persons : last Sabbath night it was 
too small to contain the congregation, 
assembled. This station is most ad- 
mirably calculated for Missionary ex- 
ertions, as natives from all parts of 
this vast empire are continually pass- 
ing and repassing. I have endeavour- 
ed, amidst the many and important ' 
duties which are devolved upon me 
since the decease of brother Harle, 
to neglect none if possible. Tracts I 
give to all (who can read them). I 
preach four sermons a week in Eng- 
lish ; attend the native schools, which 
are on the increase rapidly — but want 
help. 



You, who have never witnessed 
scenes such as I am daily called to' 
see, cannot form an adequate idea of 
the extreme apathy of the Hindoos to ' 
the misfortunes of their fellow-crea- 
tures. Some writers have called them 
mild, inoffensive, and peaceable : but^ 
alas ! if ever there was a nation which 
needed the influences of the gospel to 
establish peace and mildn^M among 
them, it is the Hindoo nation. Love 
either to their gods or to man they 
know nothing of. I will relate a 
scene I was called to witness the other 
evening, which I am sure will fully 
corroborate these remarks. A small 
native hut had taken fire about half a 
mile from where I live, and as it was 
to windward of the village, consist- • 
ing of about twenty thatched huts, 
they were in great danger of being all 
burnt. The fire was very brilliant 
from the natui*e of the materials, bam- 
boos, straw, and mats. I perceived 
it from the virandah where I was sit- 
ting, mounted my horse and rode 
down immediately. Before I got there 



iQS MlSaiONAttV HEBALP. 

BboKt fiv« dw«tUi|f « nete tataUl con- rilh a Md at^ident, oTer to C«Ieatte 
■ujgned) and. two Qth^tf were on &re. a tbe ntdve hMfatti : I aeot •■«of 
It WW *Bt<uiMbti>g; to lee tbe s-ppuent nj native CbriitianteivaDtswithbini. 
and, tftUX want q( iinjiath} i? th« :n a short time the num Tclnmed, iay- 
minds Qf the natives Diesent. Thoutb dk> ''° hnata'an wauldsarry Un wer 
ajinre a, dtqituvd of tbw were M- >«caute he was, siek, J w«ntimne- 
■wnbted fron t|;ie neighbouring luge Uatelj ud found the poor nan lying 
village of SiilfceSi not eae would as- Lt the chant (ar laidmK ^ace), rait- 
•itt Iq estiqguuUng the flaniea, hot ouadad^ » aialtituda who,Iaagbed 
■gitmedtQeigo;.theb(uiflTe- Namevu md joked at his groans I laoJthin 
wen adopted to sU7 tbe fluaes e^- a m; anna and ^ Uced bin in tlie fnt 
c«|ft hj tho^a pDOi wcetcbed creatures wat I came to, and got in mjielf ; 
whose IhU were on Sre. On toy te- lut no pTomlses or thnatt wovdd in- 
iQongtra^Dg wil^ them and entreatiag iuee Ike men to com* ia to mw, till I 
t^em to tend a. helpioji^ hnnd to theii ortuuAleljt rememJiered tbe poda (kk 
.nfiehbDuri, these were the ana^vers; nan was a Bmjuain of their caate. 
IQjliougeuBotoafite— Who will give [ told tbera thia, and at length Ihej 
nje pay ^— What power have ( over -owed us ore*, Bi it H tawfnl to at- 
tire I—To be burnt wUl be wona Ih&n :end on a sick BiahBiin. When «• 
to Bee fire.. Thua they suSered the ;ot over the waler we wen just in tte 
flan>e4 to spread,, antil the; had now lune tUlemma with tbe palantjain 
consumed nearly half the place, and itearers; hewevec, by tbe powetCul 
fiom one of the huls which hadjust usiatance of an axlr^ nipe*] the]i 
Ial(en fire a drsadiul scceaming and mnied him. 
lamentation iaiued. On inquiry, I _».— ^.^w,— 
found it was from a poor old decrepit 

woman: I meed them to fly to her CALCUTTA. 

rescue. Oh the horrid ftelings they „^_^ , . ,i » , , , ,. 

•rinced : She U not mj motheV-Sbe ^^'.■'*TJJ1^"I^- "4*^f "^ '*' 

i. too old to gain Mlt-Hei; Ume is *'"~" *"«>w "*'**« SUti^. 

come— We abaU see « suUee. I of- Oh the. GthofU&y, being I^rd'adaji, 

fived them Imluheta (gifls) if they I tooli a dd* eatlji in the morning to- 

i«oul<t go into the house with mq and waidfl Cfovindpon,, a viUAge Ijiog Id 

brl&g her out. The name of rapoea tbe east aide of lUda'aatopaie^lttUai 

hu Eometbiiw of an electric charm with ue a inaU puceL of BengalM 

u{>on IbBta, lor no sooner was this Tracts, which I diatiihiKed amnng lb* 

heard than so many ran to hgr relief, heathens, who gladly receivMl then,, 

that they could not all touch even the and reqaested that I shonid iiead. U) 

. cot QB wliich she laf. However Ihe them a chapter from ^e Bengfilcft 

noorjCrefttuwwaiaAyedCrDr.lhattime); restament wbioh. [had with tne^ awl 

but none but those of tbe lowest caste being happy to gruify theii; req^ut^ 

dared,, evea ^ lucre's sake, to cany 1 eipoucded to them, a chapter as well 

a, ajck. person. The loRy Brahmins u I could. Soma of them, dndngtiif 

stood ujiconferned spectators, and re- nbols timet paid (;reat attantion, aed 

piwbeted the conduct of som» l«scara asked several quesiioni, whicbibs Uui 

from. the. ships whom I had prevailed saaistance of God, I endeavoured ta 

oa to endeavour to extingiUsb the answer. After I hadconcluded, they 

flames, which wa« soon effected by entreated ma to csiU on theia again at 

puUiDg down a small bnt that was ia some oonvenienl tiiae. 1 now tooKniy 

Ihelineofcommumcationlo theoihors, leave of them, andretorqedhome. 

With regaid, to the poor wumftn thus On the fuUowin^day, I took ajMther 

aKved, sue bad been oo terrified thai ride towards an open meadovn, about 

her illness wa« increased, and tbe tbe lUstanre of five or sir miles, fimu. 

loerdless lonA she bad borne con- my dwelling. Through this open, and 

veyed bet to the rivei aide to die, extensive meadow wins a djilighifnl ri- 

"niere I found ber, three day« after; vulet, upon whose banks aland anan- 

juat ajble to speak oac«,