Skip to main content

Full text of "Baptist Missionary Magazine"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 








American Baptist iHtsstonars 29nion. 




• • 

• • •» 

• « • • • • „ • 

- • • 

• « * 

Published at the expense of the American Baptist Missionary Union, and the profits devoted to tl 

promotion oi the missionary cause. 




OX AN 3 


• • ; * • : . 

* •'• • ••../• 


• • 

• 1 

, • 


•• • • 

• • 

. .•;• .•••••.• . . 


i-v- ..-.• 


•• • • . • 

• • , • • • 

• • 
• • 



tt, L3rnian, on Christian Missions, 3. 
roparison and a Contrast, 274. 
y for Men and Means, 361. 

a» 45> »3o, is«i »5o» 409» 4*0. 

heading Comparison, 299. 

7uz-nful Fact, and a Hopeful Indication, 105. 

tal Meetings, of the Union, 161 ; of the Board, 177. 

lal Report of Home Department, 179. 

lal Report of Foreign Department, 188. 

lal Report of the Treasurer, 252. 

m, Hindoos in, 269. 

ome and Abroad, 134. 

ralia, 74. 

-view, 397. 

zkok. Mission Work in, 360, 406 ; Facts about, 227. 

ein. Facts from, 199, 207; Normal and Industrial Insti- 

e, 6. 

rvolence. The Highest Form of, 13. 

>r than was anticipated (Bnandal), 134. 

lis, Facts about, 205. 

:, A Brahrain on the, 9; The, in India, to; Interesting 

cntion of, 11, 91, 95, 140, 201, 339, 370. 

£, The Calcutta Auxiliary Society, 11. 

Ihism, A Burman Priest renouncing, 60. 

ihism. From, to Christianity, 299. 

nese Girls' School, 392. 

rell. Rev. A., 181. 

on, 7a. ^ 

istians and Hard Times, 31. 

stians in Trust with the Gospel, 89. / 

la. Missionary Jottings in, 31 ; Religions of, \*i\ Morals 

t */>- 

lese Wedding, A, 61 ; Spiritism, 83. 

aese (detached notices of), 61, 72, 73, 90, 99, 127, 128, 151, 

7» 279- 

imerce, and Christianity, 13 ; Influence of Christianity on, 


wley, Rer. A. R. R^ 180. 
mb, Mrs^ 348, 379. 
Des« Converts, 406. *— 

Dt extinguished, The, 263. 

lervcd Tribute, A (to Dr. Binney), 366. 

nations, 24, 50, 75, loa, 152, 289, 320, 350, 383. 

rly Missionary Training, 14. 

itorial Paragraphs, 20, 47, 74, 101, 130, 152,288, 3i9i348t 


krpt, 129. 

p!is.h Baptist Missionary Society, 47. 
ough to do at Home, 106. 

mine. The Indian, 68, 69, 149, 277, 305, 328* 349» 359i 37». 
ty Missionary Sermons; or. Three Days' Work for Mis- 
ions, 396. 

:urc». Some Interesting, 22. 
lancial Year, The Qose of, 79. 
lish Thy Work, 126. 

reign Missions, The late Dr. Hackett and, 5; in 1776, 33 ; 
teaching on, 92. 
>m a Misjoonary Standpoint, 80. 

From otir Letter- File, 287. 

Garos, 15, 371. 

Give us Fields, 53. 

Giving and Hard Timet, 12, 57 ; Plain and Pertinent Sute- 

ments about, 6a 
(Gospel, The, must be preached to Every Creatnrei 271. 
" Go, teach all Nations, ' 126. 
Go Forward, ai. 
Gowalpara, 212. 
Gowahaii, 213. 

Hackett, Dr., and Missions, 5. 

Haimung, a 16. 

Heathen at Home, About those, 56. 

Henthada revisited, 34 ; Facts about, 196, 206. 

Haswell, Rev. J. R., 180, 264. 

Hindoos in Assam, 269. 

How stands the Case (of the Treasury), 28. 

India (detached notices of), 19, 46, 128, 283, 284, 285, 286, 305, 

3i5» 3191 346, 380. 409- 
In Memoriam, 97, 264, 379. 
Is It True ? 368. 
July, 74, 130, 381. 
It pussies Me, 396. 

Japan, A Sketch of Missions in, 350; (detached notices of) 

44. 73. 74. 100, 129, 234, 330, 407, 409. 
Java, 45, 409. 

Karens (detached notices of), 23, 38, 92, 146, 202, 274, 310, 337, 

Ka-Khyens, The Mission to, 303 ; Allusions to, 120, 142, 188, 

189. a73f 350* 
Kohls, Facts about, 215. 
Kumool, 227, 341. 

Life-Members (List oO, 362. 
Lyons, Mission in, 241. 
Lending to the Lord, 396. 
Legacies, 40X. 

Maulmain, Facts from, 203. 

Mandelay to Bharoo, From, 141. 

Memories of Threescore, 266. 

Missionary, An Appeal from a, 13 ; The, at Work, 305. 

Missionary Changes, t8i, 382. 

Missionary Collection, A Practical Question, 301. 

Missionary Correspondence : — 
From Burmah: Mr. George, 14, x 18, 40a; Mr. Hale, 14; 
Mr. Mason, 15 ; Mr. Carpenter, 146 ; Mrs. Carpenter, 38; 
Mrs. Ingalls, 64, 92, 119, 309, 337, 369; Mr. Gushing, 94, 
M7i 3'«» 339. 403; Mrs. Cushing, 64; Mr. Goodel^ ^, 
310; Mr. Jameson, 402 ; Mr. BunHpr,'94j338t BSr.'Kdse, 
1 17 : Mr. Solun, 120; ^M*^ 'Bailey; 145. ^75 ? ^*»« Gage, 
146; Mr. J. R. Haswdi; 307 T Mr. Eveleth, 368; Mr. E. 
A. Stevens, 336; ^JiH Wisby» 37aLi-Mr. Morrow, 3371 
Mr. Smith, 338; Dr. Cross, 40^ ' 1 \ - 
From Assam : Dr. Bronson, 16^ 370 ; Mr. Masoiir'665 95, 

3«3» 371 ; Mr. Phillips, 66, 277, 34p ; .Mrs. JV^ar^. 39- ' 
From Teloogoo: Mr. Campbell, ^^- «)6 f Mr'. Cloughf 6f, 
a77i 37X. 37> ■» Mr. NewhaU, 69,"'37J V' Mf. Downie, 148 ; 


Index to Vol. L VII. 

Mr. Ballard, 149, 404; Mr. Loaghridge, 315 ; Mr. Drake, 

From China : Mr. Partridge, 39. i49f M^f 404 ; Mr. God- 

dard, 40, 34a ; Dr. Lord, 41 ; Dr. Barchet, 70 : Dr. Dean, 

lao, 316, 34i,f404 ; Mr. McKibben, 373. 
Ffom Japan: Mr. Arthur, 4a ; Mr. Dobbins, 43, laa; Miss 

Kidder, 405. 
From Germany : Mr. Palm, 17; Mr. Andersen, 17 ; Mr. 

Hamisch, 17; Mr. Schunke, 17; Mr. Beyebaich, 17; Mr. 

Riasling, 17; Mr. Meyer, 34a; Mr. Lehmann, 376 ; Mr. 

Braun, 378. 
From Sweden : Mr. Wiberg, 70, 343 ; Mr. TruW, ia4 ; 

Mr. Drake, 125 ; Mr. Femholm, 317. 
From France: Mr. Lepoids, laa, 149, a8a, 374; Mr. Dez, 

34a ; Mr. Cadot, 374 ; Mr. Cretin, 375. 
From Spain : Mr. Cifr^, 43, 3 18 ; Mr. Benoliel, 150, 345, 405. 
From Greece : Mr. Sakellarios, 45. 
Missionaries: Shall we recall them ? la ; The Ppmitive, 374. 
Missions, Prajring for, 34 ; Modem Protestant,^ ; Moravian, 
19 ; Obstacles to, 4 ; Roman Catholic, 3 : Spirit of God in, 
39a ; Spirit Director in, 393. ^ 

Monthly Concert, The, of Prayer for Missions in Maulmain 
in 1844, 297. 

Nellore, Schools, 148, 218 ; Facts about, a 18. 
New Guinea, 46. 
Ningpo, a30. 

Obituaries : — 

Caswell, A., 181. 

Crawley, A. R. R., i8a 

Crumb, Mrs. H. £. C, 348, 379. 

Haswell, J. R., 180, 264. 

Marsh, E., 181. 

Sahney, J. P., 97. 

Stetson, Miss M. H., 181. o 

WUliams, Mrs. R., 181. 
Officers of the Missionary Union, 260. 
One Ready to die for Them, 56. 
Ongole, aai ; College, aai, aaa. 
Ordination of Native Preachers in Assam, 367. 
Outlook, The Missionary, 18, 44, 7a, 99, ia8, 151, a83, 318, 346, 

380, 409. 
** Our Gold Mine" (Book Notice), 382. 
Our Highest Glory, 393. 

Padoungs, The, 364. 

Paris, Mission in, a36. 

Pastor, Responsibility of, to Missions, i. 

Pastors and Missions, 108. 

Persecutions (instances oQ, 70, 71, 73, 86, 87, 97, aoS, 34^3481 

Preachers at Triennial and Annual Meetings Qist of), a6i. 
Prome, 190. 
Publications, i8a, 235. 
Poland, 344. 

Ranupatam, aaa. 

Rangoon, College, 209 ; A Plea for, 267 ; Facts from, 203. 
Rangoon to Bhamo, From, 115. 
Remarkable Example, A, 29. 

R<|^|, Baptists in, 395 ; Methodists (in Bulgaria), 18 ; Per- 
■ecutif n in,*3>S ;' 'A Promising Field, 344 ; Religions in, 396. 
Rossiai^ The "'btundis^," «4' ^ 

Secunderabad, 225. 

Seeds dropped by the Wayside, 91 . 

Schools in Bassein, 6; in Henthada, 35 ; in Nellore, 148, 21J 
in Ramapatam, 69, 224; in Rangoon, 209, 267 ; Ongole, 32 
22a; Karen Theol. Sem., 2 10 ; Compared with Preachin 
ao, 373 ; needed, 66; (general), 193, 198, 300, 309, 310, 38 

3«5» 364- 

Shans, 15, 64,94, 141, 142, 147, 195* «». 3"i 339- 

*' So Much to do at Home," 35. 

South America, 347. 

South Sea, 100, 130. 

Spirit of God in Missions, 393. 

Spirit of God the Director of Missions, 393. 

Superstitions, 97. 

" Stundists,"* The Russian, 84. 

Shwaygyeen, 199, 304. 

Sibsagor, 315,316. 

Swatow, Facts about, 338. 

St. Sauveur, 337. 

Success of Missions (notable conversions, progress, revivals 
Germany, 343; Russia, 88; Padoungs, 364; Sweden, 13 
246, 344; Teloogoos, 19, 49 ; Miscellaneous, 39, 53. 71, 11 

164, i93t 374. 
Statistics : — 
General Statistical Tables of A. B. M. U., 351 ; Surama: 
since 1814,^33, Publications of, 183; Woman's B. It 
S., 143; Burmah, 37, 334; Burman, Karen, and Shj 
Churches, 311 ; Assam, 317; Southern China; 330; Eai 
em do., 334; China, 138, 151, 384; Swatow, 34^; Ra 
goon College, 310; Paris, 134; Eng. Bapt M. S-, 47* ^ 
B. C. F. M., 380; All Societies in India, 19, 46, 73 ; R 
ligiona in Russia, 396; Contributions for N. Eng., 18. 
for Southern District, 185 ; for Middle do., 185 ; for LaJ 
do., 186 ; for Western do., x86. 

Tavoy, Facts from, 302. 

That It (missionary conviction needed), 54. 

The Best Investment, 91. 

The Chinese Bible, 137. 

The Regions Beyond, 333. 

The Saintly Spirit the Missionary Spirit, iir. 

The Starving Millions, 359. 

The Three Things (Men, Money, Prayer), 37. 

They Can be Supplied (Men, Money, Prayer), 81. 

" The Zwei Boroen,*' 366. 

Thongzai, A Morning at, 139; Facts about, 194. 

Toungya System, Must we adopt It? 36. 

Training to give, 336. 

Treasury, How stands the, 337. 

Turkey, 74, 100,319. 

Toungoo, Facts from, 300, 204. 

Tura, 313. 

Tokio, 334* 

The Young Missionary's Consecration, 400. 

The Church of God can do It, 401. 

Way-Notes, 335. 

West Indies, 385. 

Woman's Baptist Missionary Society, 143. 

Well said, 400. 

Yokohama, 334. 

Zeegong, Facts about, 197, 308. 
Zoahying, 333. 

• • 

« • 






Vol. LVII. —JANUARY, 1877.— No. i. 


A Christian profession involves an obligation, clear and imperative, to obey tlie 
voice of the great commission. Not more plainly and emphatically is submission 
to the ordinances of baptism and the Lord's Supper required. If one should seek 
for admission into a Baptist church with a refusal to observe those ordinances, he 
would certainly be debarred entrance. If within, he should ignore these ordinances 
as obligatory, he would assuredly be excluded, if indeed, the church maintained 
requisite discipline over its members. But is the obligation to obey the voice of 
Christ, as expressed in the ordinances, more legibly and positively inculcated than 
is the obligation to heed that same voice as it utters itself in the great commission.^ 
Here is a duty which no professor of religion can omit without having the integrity 
of his profession seriously vitiated by the omission. And yet the duty, so plainly 
inculcated in our Lord's last command, and so important in its relations, is widely 
and lamentably neglected in our churches ! 

Here, then, is a most serious evil, an evil that should engage the immediate and 
earnest attention of the pastor. For on the pastor devolves the work of training 
the membership of a Christian church in practical piety, and of calling out the 
resources requisite for the work of missions. 

If only the membership of our churches can be made to understand their true 
position, and to feel their imperative obligation as those intnisted with the great 
work of evangelizing the world, the cause of missions will be at once abundantly 
supplied with the means for a vigorous and successful prosecution. Only let the 
thousands and tens of thousands within the borders of our own Baptist Zion, who 
are now ignorant and apathetic in relation to the enterprise of missions, be 
instructed, aroused, and enlisted in the work, and what a speedy and grand advance 
w^ould be made ! 

It is not the lack of pecuniary ability, even in a time of great commercial strin- 
gency, that occasions the financial embarrassments under which, year after year, 
the missionary societies of every denomination in America are threatened with 
hazardous obstructions. All that our own Missionary Union is now attempting 
to do in each of its mission fields, and even a much more extensive work than is 
at present projected, could be easily and abundantly supported without imposing 

2 The responsibility of the Pastor to Missions. [Janua 

any strain whatever updn the pecuniary strength of the few churches already mak 
annual contributions to the cause of foreign missions. If all the churches w 
contributors according to their ability, or if only the " mite" from each member w 
given, funds would be poured into the treasury, not only entirely sufficient for all 
work in hand, but adequate for operations on a much broader scale than has e 
yet been attempted or contemplated. Let the drops become rivulets, let the rivul 
feed the streams until the streams shall swell into mighty rivers, rolling into an oce 
bearing on its broad bosom the messengers of Christ to the shores of every \\ 
shrouded in the gloom of pagan night. 

How can such a gratifying result be obtained? Is it practicable? We confidei 
believe it is. And there are no men who can contribute to this result so much, \ 
make it so certain, as the pastors of the churches. If that be so, if such an imp 
tant issue hinges upon the activity and influence of a pastor, if he may hindei 
hasten such a consummation, then how vast and solemn is his responsibility in r< 
tion to the fulfilment of the great commission ! Captains of the Lord's hosts, ^ 
you not bring forth the forces under your leadership ? The men who occupy 
pulpits of this land have within their reach, and more or less subject to their cont 
a tremendous spiritual power! Let each one fill his position, using his advanta 
in his own field, however limited in extent and resources that field may be, and v 
shall estimate the aggregate of results from that universal and simultaneous efTor 

This is the way one has attempted to estimate the value of the ministerial of 
as a place of power. " What pplitician would not reckon upon the certain triun 
of his party, if he could scatter through all the cities, and towns, and villages of 
land, a body of educated men, widely respected and beloved, and give them 
opportunity of addressing the assembled people as often as once a week? W 
presidential candidate with all the fires of ambition burning in his heart, would ; 
for any thing more? Just such a body of men is found distributed through the co 
try, respected, esteemed, beloved, and often venerated, by the churches and comi 
nities among whom they dwell. One day in seven the people assemble to hear tl 
instructions, arguments, exhortations. As ministers of Christ, they have in mati 
pertaining to religion, an influence and an authority which other men do not possi 
Their combined influence, when directed to the accomplishment of one grand obj« 
appropriate to their profession, arithmetic cannot compute." 

Now on what one object can the thousands of pastors in the Baptist churches of i 
land so fully and heartily unite and concentrate their energy, instructions, and in 
ence as upon that set before them in their Lord's last great command, to give 
gospel to the world? Some pastors occupying comparatively limited and unproc 
tive fields, doing their little, but yet their best, and others filling more prominent j 
promising positions, doing their great work, and all doing their duty, in ordei 
yoke the forces of Zion into the work of the world's evangelization, how spee< 
would the gospel be diffused in all lands. 

Pastors will pardon anything that seems like an assumption of authority in tl" 
few sentences. We simply suggest and entreat. We long to reach llie vast mi 
tude of Christians in our churches who are doing nothing whatever to aid the ca 
of which the Missionary Union is simply the agent. 


Christian Missions, 


re. — From a very instructive article by Rev. Lyman 
published some time since in " Harper's Magasine," 
ct the following paragraphs.] 

: Glacier is Moving. — When Agassiz wished 
t the progress of the glacier, he found it im- 
le to do so except by a method which enabled 

compare its condition in successive seasons, 
is purpose he placed a row of stakes in the 
, extending in a straight line from stakes 
tixed among the rocks on either bank. Then 
iming firom year to year, and comparing the 
t position of his stakes, he could determine 
e and the nature of the progress which had 
leantime made. It is by an analogous method 
re must trace the progress which has been 
in the world by and through the instrumental- 
Christian missions. He who looks upon the 

can hardly persuade himself that any thing 
process of accomplishment; but he who is 
X to compare the state of the world^where 
zn missions have been at work with its condi- 
here the gospel is still unknown, or the pres- 
iources and activity of Christian missions with 
^^ndition a century ago, will readily perceive 
le glacier Is moving with a real and very vigor- 
ogress, none the less that it is almost hnper* 
le to the casual and careless observer, 
his article we do not propose to enter upon a 
eration of the theological aspects of Christian 
ns, but merely and briefly to indicate in out- 
^hat they have accomplished of visible and 
ral good in ameliorating the horrors of war, 
ting the arts of peace, and enfranchising and 
>ptng the mind of the individual. 


s. — How far the progress which has been 
since the first century is due to general laws 
elopment, how far to the influence of race, 
ow far to the direct or indirect influence of 
ianity, is a question which we shall not here 
»t to discuss. But he who notes the fact that 
n civilization is contemporaneous with Chris- 
, that the much-vaunted nineteenth century 
3t conferred the public school on Africa, nor 
eam-power on India, nor the electric tcle- 
on China, nor, in brief, any of the features 
are supposed to characterize it on any Pagan 
, eicept in io fiur as Paganism has borrowed 

them from Christendom, will not be inclined to deny 
that at least Christianity as a moral force is one of 
the principal factors in producing what we com- 
monly and correctly call Christian civilization. 

Roman-Catholic Missions. — Ordinarily, and 
perhaps properly, modem missions are traced to the 
influence of Ignatius Loyola, the founder of the 
order of the Jesuits. It was his object to establish 
an order, not of mendicants nor of pietists, but of 
propagandists. His great disciple, Francis Xavier, 
was the first whom he sent out to convert the hea- 
then. In such words as these, Loyola announced 
to him his app)ointment : ** By higher counsels than 
those of our short-sighted judgments, Francis, — 
for we cannot penetrate the designs of God, — you, 
and not Bobadilla, are destined to the mission of the 
Indies. It is not the single province of Palestine, 
which we were seeking, that God gives you, but the 
Indies, — a whole world of people and nations. 
This is the soil which God intrusts to your cultiva- 
tion ; this is the field which he opens to your la- 
bors." Xavier landed at Goa on the 6th of May, 
1542. His own marvellous energy and zeal, and 
the exceptional position which he occupied as a pio- 
neer, have made him by far the most notable mis- 
sionary since the days of St. Paul. His life is an 
honor to the Churdi universal. He left Rome with 
no other provision for his missionary journey than 
his breviary. His life was spent in what was then 
far more than now, an unknown land, — India, Jap- 
an, and the coasts of Travancore and Malabar. 
Toils and fatigues, perils by sea and by land, and all 
the deprivations of a voluntary exile, only increased 
his exultation; and when, in his forty-sixth year 
(1552), he died, alone on the sandy beach, in a 
journey to China, under a rude shelter which a com- 
passionate Portuguese put over his head to protect 
him from the sun, his only regret was that he was 
not permitted to die a martyr. His life was suffi- 
ciently noble in its purely human traits to render 
quite needless the imputation to him, since his 
death, of miracles which he disavowed while living. 
And his zeal, and that of his followers, was followed 
by such apparent though transient success that it 
seemed as if India, China, and Japan were almost 
immediately to be converted to Christianity. At the 
same time, Abyssinia and large tracts of Western 
Africa were in an equally hopeful state. In this, as 

Christian Missions. 


in other and later instances, zeal abroad awakened 
a corresponding zeal at home. In 1621 the lirst 
foreign missionar)' society was organized, — the 
Congregatio tie Propaganda Fide (the Congrega- 
tion for the Propagation of the Faith), an organiza- 
tion founded at kome, and existing to this day, to 
which is intrusted the care of missions among the 
unbelievers. It consists of thirteen cardinals and 
four other members, and settles all such questions 
as that about the worship of ancestors in China, and 
the^aste question in India, which divided the Jesuit 
from the Franciscan and Dominican missionaries, 
and was giving so much trouble to the pope at 
the time of the estal)lishment of the Propagan- 
da. This committee has entire charge of all mis- 
sions, but does not collect money for them. In 
the eyes of the Roman-Catholic ecclesiastic, Protes- 
tants stand in quite as great need of missions as do 
the heathen. It is this Congregation, therefbre, 
which directs the missionary operations in the United 
States ; and we are assured on private, anil we be- 
lieve trustworthy, authority, that it possesses a map 
of the extreme Western States of the Union, which 
for accuracy and detail is not surpassed by any pub- 
lic atlas, and which is corrected from year to year. 
By aid of this map it selects the points which our 
new railroads are opening, and determines the site 
of its present missions and its future cathedrals. 
The Church of Rome has no missionary societies 
quite analogous to those of the Protestants ; but it 
does the same work by methods differing only in 
detail. Urban VII. established at Rome what is 
called the Propaganda College, which is richly en- 
dowed, and educates candidates for the mission- 
work from all nationalities. The Society for the 
Propagation of the Faith has its centre in Lyons, 
and previous to the war of 1870 raised about a mil- 
lion dollars annually for the support of missions. 
Besides this there are the I-«opoldine Society of 
Vienna, and the Society of the Holy Childhood in 
France. These bodies simply collect money in 
small weekly contributions, and disburse it in aid of 
missions as they please, but have no control what- 
ever over the mission, and send out no missionaries. 

Modern Protestant Missions. — But though 
foreign missionary organizations have thus been in 
existence for over two centuries and a half, and 
though missionary operations have been actively 
carried on ever since the days when the little church 
at j^iitiocb, in Syria, sent Paul and Barnabas on the 
JSrst mission to the heathen, Protestant missions, 

in their present form, have only existed froi 

the beginning of the present century. Th< 

vians were forerunners and pioneers in th 

In 1733 two of their number went to (Jrt 

in 1 77 1 a mission was established in L 

which is sustained tt> the present day; a 

prior to that time, in 1701, the Society for tl 

agation of the (lospel was founded in the 

of England, under the fostering care of the 

bishops. IJut its energies were mainly, if n 

sively, confined to labors among the Kngli 

nists. Antl it was not until 1793 that mis; 

any extended scale to the heathen were mu 

Then it was, despite much open opposition i 

lukewarmness, indifference, and moral ine 

William Carey succeeded in awakening an 

in foreign missions, which resulted in the t 

tion of the Baptist Missionary Society. T^ 

later (1795) the I^mdon Missionary Soc 

organized by Rowland Hill and others, an 

following year sent a company of twenty-i 

sionaries to the South Sea Islands. Five y« 

(1800) the Church Missionary Society (C 

England) and the Wesleyan Society (M 

were organized. For this, as for so ma 

humane, j)hilanthropic, and religious en 

this countrv is indebted to the motherla: 

until 1 810 was the first missionarv' organizati 

United States founded, — the American '. 

Ck)mmis>i<)ners for Foreign Missions. Thii 

justified in saying that modern Protestant 

are all the growth of the past seventy-five 


OiisTACLi:s TO Missions. — They will 
him more wonderful if he will but consider 
culties under which the work has been ca 
and the obstacles which it has been nee 
overcome. The missionaries have entered 
with whose language, whose customs, w 
tional traits, they were unacquainted; t 
climate they must become inured, to whose 
tion they must learn in no small measure to 
They have had to meet the open oppositioi 
emment, the secret machinations of the pi 
stolid prejudices of the people. Some hav 
exposure to perils of climate, of which t 
unaware until it was too late to correct t 
others have been driven from their place 
edict of the government under which they 
untarily placed themselves; still others h 
exposed to the \'iolence of mobs. Dr. 
waited seven years after purchasing the Ian 


The late Dr, Hackett and Foreign Missions. 

uld obtain from the Turkish government per- 
jn to break the ground for the erection of 
rt G>llege at Constantinople. Henry Martyn 
at the age of thirty-one, a victim of overwork 
a debilitating climate. The list of martyred 
onaries, if space permitted us simply to print 
)uld amaze our readers. 

hen these difficulties have l>een overcome, the 
has but begun. A language has to be learned, 
my cases to be created. For in a large propor- 
perhaps in a majority, of instances there is 
er dictionary, grammar, nor even a printed or 
en literature; and the unintelligible jargon of 
ithen dialect has to be framed into something 
a systematic language, before the work of 
diing the gospel can really begin. Two signifi- 
facts indicate the extent of this difficulty. The 
: has been, chiefly by the labors of missionaries, 
lated into over one hundred and Hfty different 
les ; and in England a society has been organ- 
ihe Christian Vernacular Educational Society, 
he purpose of translating Christian literature 
heathen languages. This preliminary work it 
hus far been necessary to carry on in the face 
her obstacles, interposed from the home of the 
onaries, yet more discouraging. Commerce 
wought with it to heathen ports, not the virtues, 
the vices of Christendom; and the preachers 
had to contend against the drunkenness, the 
nee, the corruption, and the flagrant vice of 
en, whose lives have brought disrepute on 
jtianity, and hatred on those who were attempt- 
introduce it. Foreign consuls have had but 
svTnpathy with missionary labors, and too often 
denied to the missionary the protection which 
would have been cjuick to extend to any other 

citizen. For years the English missionaries in India 
were hampered and hindered by the undisguised 
hostility of the East India Company, and the open 
opposition of the English officials. The results of 
missionary enterprises have been so remote, the 
reactionary benefits to civilized communities have 
l)een so intangible, the whole movement has been 
necessarily so dependent on faith in God and the 
future, that many wise and good but not far-seeing 
observers have doubted the wisdom of missions; 
others have felt a certain objection to them as an 
intrusion and an assumption of race, national or 
religious superiority, likely to produce needless 
antagonism; others have realized the immediate 
difficulties and dangers far more clearly than the 
remote and seemingly contingent advantages, or 
have been impressed by the occasional errors in 
judgment, and oblivious of the courage and sagacity 
which have conquered or eluded obstacles to most 
of us unknown; while the great majority of even 
warm hearted and sincere Christians have been« 
comparatively indifferent to the evils of a portion of 
humanity with which they had no connection, whose 
condition was never brought home to them, and 
lethargic concerning a work about which they did 
not even know enough to question its wisdom. 
When the lack of interest and enthusiasm at home 
and the multiplication of obstacles abroad are con- 
sidered, the progress which foreign missions have 
made, must be regarded as a testimony alike to the 
self-sacrificing zeal of the comparatively small band 
of missionaries who have served as heralds of a 
Christian civilization, and to the divine power of 
that Christianity which could furnish them with so 
noble and so enduring an impulse. 


AViNi; arrived at definite and settled convictions 
he subject of baptism, while a professor in 
nt Hope College, Baltimore, Md., Mr. Hackett 
xl with the Hrst Baptist Church in that city, 
under the pastoral care of Rev. Dr. Hill. In 
autumn of that year. Prof. Hackett entered 
I the work of an instructor in Brown University, 
letter to his pastor. Dr. Hill, dated Providence, 
17, 1835, and published in the " Memorials " by 
Whittemore, he writes, " Another door of be- 
iseiul was opened to me ; and in entering it, I 
I have not wandered from the proper course. 

If so, let it soon be apparent, and let me be where 
God would place me, although in the cabin of the 
Indian, or kraal of the Hottentot." 

In a letter written by him just before leaving 
Baltimore for Providence, and in reply to Rev. Dr. 
Peck of the Missionary Union, Prof. Hackett says, 
" In regard to my future labors, it is impossible for 
me to say any thing definitely. The terms of your 
letter were so general as to preclude this. So far as 
I could form an opinion of your meaning (which 
you disclosed as fax as vias ^xo^ct'^, '^qm vtn^ v^ 
know whether il would be OLgcteaXAt Xo topj l^^vc^^ 

The Bassien Normal and Industrial Institute, [January, 

to be directly concerned in the work of foreign mis- 
sions, if not by going abroad, by promoting it at 
home in the capacity perhaps of a permanent agent, 
or assistant in some way to the Baptist Board. The 
cause of missions I feel to be the cause of Christ, 
and its advancement the work which his followers 
have to do as their great business. Although I have 
not considered myself as called to the service of a 
foreign missionary, yet I feel, and have long felt, 
that in whatever situation I might be placed, all my 
efforts should be devoted to the conversion of the 
whole world to Christ. The idea, therefore, of be- 
ing brought into some more immediate connection 
with the mi>sionary work than the ministry would 
bring me cannot of course in itself considered be 
otherwise than highly pleasing." 

That high appreciation of service in connection 
with the enterprise of foreign missions was held by 
Dr. Hackett to the close of his life. Only a few 
months before his death, being at the Mission 
Rooms in Boston, and in conversation with one of 
his Newton pupils, employed as district secretary to 
the Union, Dr. Hackett made use of the following 

words : " You surely cannot regret leaving the nar- 
rower sphere of pastoral duties for so great and 
good a work as that in which you are now engaged. 
Your labors now are very much broader than they 
can possibly be in serving as a pastor some church. 
I am glad to tind you in this noble work. You can 
do much in your position to help forward the grand- 
est of all Christian undertakings." In answer to the 
remark that the duties of a secretaryship in the 
Union, if performed as they should be, were not 
very favorable to the line of study which he for- 
merly urged with so much emphasis. Dr. Hackett 
replied, " I presume that it is so ; but the sacritice 
you are called to make in that respect is for a cause 
eminently worthy of it." 

Dr. Hackett never served in any official relation 
the cause he so much loved and appreciated ; and 
yet, through the many young men to whose educa- 
tion for the ministry he contributed so largely, and 
whose lives have been consecrated to mis.sionary 
work in foreign lands, he did much for the enter- 
prise of foreign missions. — Ziott's Advocate, 


[The Annual Catalogue of the above institution, for 1876-77, 
has come to hand, presenting an exceedingly interesting sketch 
of its origin, resources, and aims, prepared, we surmise, by 
the superintendent, Rev. C. H. Carpenter. We are sure that 
the readers of the " Magazine " will be gratified to have access 
to this historical sketch, and hence hasten to place it I'^store 
them in our present is-suc.] 


As this is the Brst catalogue ever printed for the 
Bassein Karen Normal and Industrial Institute, it is 
presumed that a brief sketch of its history, its re- 
sources, and aims will not be considered out of place. 
Nor will such a sketch be found devoid of interest, 
at least by those who believe that in every land 
God's special help and favor is given to those, who, 
in humble reliance upon him, do all in their power 
to help and elevate themselves. 

The district of Bassein, nearly equal in area to 
the State of Massachusetts, or half a dozen English 
counties, is naturally one of the richest rice-growing 
districts in the world. It has also a larger Karen 
population than any other district in Burmah.* 

^According to the only regular census (1872) Bassein had a 
Kartn population of 92,061, or 11.4 Kartns to the square 
mile; Myaooung (Heathada), which a^ioi*^ ^'^fftrin on the 

north, follows with 56,340, or 13.8 to the mile; Amherst (Maul- 
main) comes next, with 53,914 Karens, or 3.5 to the mile; thea 
Shwaygyeen, with 43f475f or 7.8 to the mile; and Rangoon, 
with 37,830 Karens, or 3.8 to the mile. The returns from 
Toungoo are evidently incomplete, showing only 15,857 Ka- 
rens. The bounds of both Bassein and Rangoon have been 
narrowed lately by the erection of the new district of Maoo- 
bcng, but the relative position of the two districts is not aflected. 

Although it was one of the last districts reached by 
the gospel, a large number of Karens received the 
word at the hands of Abbott and his native preachers 
with alacrity and great joy. By the continued bless- 
ing of God, we have to-day a church-membership of 
7,500 baptized Sgaus and Pwos, gathered in eighty- 
one strictly self-supporting churches. 


The Normal and Industrial Institute, established 
by the late Rev. J. S. Beecher in i860, is emphatically 
of indigenous growth. It is the child of an intense 
desire and a settled purpose of the Karen pastors of 
this district to secure for their children and their 
children's children the benefits of a high Christian 
education. It is the child of their prayers, fed and 
clothed from its birth by their own unstinted bounty. 


The Bassien Normal and Industrial Institute, 

!r of our missions have done nobly in this cause ; 
it is believed that the impulse has come from 
out rather than within, and, from the necessities 
le case, their operations have been on a smaller 
L We may look in vain in the history of our 
rrican Baptist missions for an instance of equal 
avor on the part of native Christians, prolonged 
ugh an equal number of years, and crowned 
an equal measure of success in this department 
hristian work. 

t the meeting of the Bassein Karen Association, 
iyootah, in January, ^858, the subject of calling 
dditional missionary from America to establish 
conduct an English high school was mooted ; 
a resolution was passed, contrary to the judg- 
t and wishes of Mr. Beecher, to make an eBort 
blain such a man, and to undertake his support. 
tthe Association in Kosoo, February, 1859, the 
ect of a high school in Bassein was up again 
discussion. Leading pastors exhorted all the 
ches represented at the meeting to make prompt 
lil)eral donations of money and rice for the 
wl which was shortly to be established for the 
y of the Bible and useful branches in the ver- 

tthe meeting in Xaupeheh, in March, i860, it 

reported that Rs. 968 12 and 645 baskets of 

dy had been contributed during the year for the 

x)rt of the town school. The subject of educa- 

reccived greater prominence than ever before 

tiis meeting. Rev. Mauyay, the earliest, and, up 

lie present time even, one of the most influential 

ors in the district, introduced a resolution with 

following characteristic remarks (I translate 

Q the Karen records) : — 

Dear brethren, it is now several years since we 
ime Christians. Each passing year and month 
aid have seen an improvement in the schools 
our children. Nevertheless, whether we look at 
school in town, or those in the jungle villages, 
iiing is complete. I^et it be so no longer, breth- 
, for a Christian education is the foundation of 
ry thing that is good." 

our committee, therefore, have resolved that 
hing should be allowed to hinder any girl or 
ng woman, any boy or young man, who wants to 
an education. Moreover, if any are so stupid 
not to desire one, let their parents and pastors 
t them in hand. Moreover, let the churches 
) orphans, and the children of poor or heathen 
mts, to the utmost of their ability. As to con- 
ations for the town school, judge that every dis- 
e should give half a basket of paddy and four 

annas in money ( 1 2!^ cents), before the end of March 
every year." ^ 


The resolution was unanimously passed. One 
hundred and fifty scholars were reported at this 
meeting as in attendance at the town school ; four 
hundred and sixty-five in the jungle schools, and 
sixty students from Bassein as at school in Rangoon 
and other stations. 

During this year, partly in acknowledgment of the 
loyal and efficient services of the Bassein Karens in 
putting down armed opposition to the English forces 
in 1852, the government gave to the mission a grant 
of ten acres of land on a beautiful knoll in the out- 
skirts of the town, to be free of all taxes so long as 
used for the purposes of the mission. From time 
to time adjoining land has been bought of native 
owners, until we now have a fine compound of 
twenty-five acres, ample for all future wants of the 
school and mission. 

At the meeting in 1861, Rs. 734 9-9 and 840 
baskets of paddy had been given to the missionary 
for the support of the school. One hundred schol- 
ars in town, five hundred and seventy-five in the 
villages, and sixty at other stations were reported. 


Mr. Beecher, holding, with many missionaries and 
friends of missions, the opinion that an English 
education was neither practicable nor desirable for 
Karens, had repeatedly declined their urgent pro- 
posal to establish an English department in the new 
town school. Sometime in the course of this year, 
however, he found that the Karens were actually lay- 
ing plans and collecting money to establish an Eng- 
lish school of their own at Kosoo, six miles from 
Bassein. He therefore wisely decided to yield to 
their wishes and accept their liberal offers. He had 
carried on his school thus far without aid from 
.\merica. He would now have to treble, perhaps 
quadruple, his expenditure. The Southern- Rebel- 
lion had broken out. He could look for little or no 
help from the Free Mission Society, or his personal 
friends at home. 

In this juncture, the Karens came up to the work 
nobly. For the erection of buildings and the cur- 
rent expenses they contributed this year (1861-62) 
Rs. 2,427 and 1,168 baskets of paddy. Two hun- 
dred pupils were reported in the school, now first 
known as the Anglo-Karen Normal and Industrial 
Institute," and seven hundred and six in the villages. 
The Association voted to assess the churches on a 


The Bass ten Normal and Industrial Institute. 


scale of Rs. 3,000 and 1,500 baskets of paddy 

In 1862-63, Mr. Beecher's books show that Rs. 
2,417 and 1,143 baskets of paddy were received for 
the Institute. One hundred and ninety-one pupils 
are reported in town, and five hundred and sixt)'- 
seven in the jungle schools. 

In 1863-64 the government was so much pleased 
with the school and the efforts of the Karens, that 
they made an annual grant of Rs. 1,500 to the 
Institute. The grant was continued at this rate for 
six years, when it was raised to Rs. 2,000. The 
school continued to enjoy this amount of aid year 
by year, until the first of April in the present year, 
when, in view of the largely increased expenditures, 
the government sanctioned a further increase of Rs. 

During this year (1863-64) the Karens gave Rs. 
2,076 and 938 baskets of paddy. In 1864-65, the 
books show that their contributions for the Institute 
were Rs. 2,035 2-3 and 1,294 baskets ^f paddy. 

From 1865-66 to 1869, owing, I think, to Mr. 
Beecher's failing health and departure, the substitu- 
tion of a superintendent new to the country, and 
the lack of a strong staff of assistant teachers, there 
is a considerable falling off in the number of pupils, 
and consequently of the contributions. The average 
for these four years is Rs. 1,781 9 and 981 baskets 
of paddy. Meanwhile, however, there is a marked 
increase in the number and quality of the jungle 
schools, the number of pupils in them for 1869 being 
1,206. In 1870 the number reported was 1,782, 
which, with pupils in the Institute and at other sta- 
tions, made a total of 2,057 Bassein youth under 
regpilar instruction. This number has not since been 

Since 1869 the progress oi the Institute has been 

rapid and sure. In 1864-75, ^^^ ^^^ y*^^^ ^^ ^^f* 
Hopkinson's administration, the cash contributions 
of the Karens to the school reached Rs. 2,076 15-6 
and 908 baskets of paddy. Last year Rs. 2,048 10-3 
in cash and 1,586 baskets of paddy were received. 
At the same time the standard of instruction has 
been gradually elevated. 


To these donations of the Karens should be added 
from Rs. 400 to 800 annually, for proceeds and value 
of labor performed by pupils in the industrial depart- 
ment. Mr. Beecher carried this department of the 
school to a higher stc^e of advancement than it 
has been possible to attain since bis departure and 

lamented decease. The death of Moun^ 
last September, who had been the head ca 
and steward of the school for eleven years, 
great loss to this department. We hope, h« 
to secure an efficient substitute before long, 
have our young men again learning at le; 
trade thoroughly. 


As a rule, mission-schools are largely su 
by appropriations and "^specific donations 
societies and friends at home. To the be>t 
writer's knowledge and belief, this school ha 
received an appropriation, for buildings or ar 
purpose, from the Free Mission Society 
A. B. M. Union. Mr. Beecher's accounts shi 
Rs. 129 10-4 received in specific donatiui 
America for the school in six years. Fro 
28, 1868, the date on which the writer Hi 
charge of the school, to Feb. 29, 1876, the 
expenses of the school were Rs. 41,397 13 
this sum Rs. 731 3-10 only came from Ann 
the form of specific donations in cash and ni 
and Rs. 1,927 2-6 only were paid over to th^ 
by Mr. Hopkinson and myself, in unexpent 
ances of the society's appropriation for ' 

In other words, from the first estahlishmen 
school, sixteen years ago, more than 95 pci 
its current expenses have been met by the 
and their friends in Burmah, less than 5 ] 
having been drawn from private friends, c 
and societies in America. 


If we consider the cost of school buikli 
grounds, we shall find the case equally stron 
tirst buildings were erected by Mr. Bcecl 
economically, from funds contributed by tht 
and a few English friends in this country, 
learn from his books that a single dollar \\ 
sent to him from America for this purpose. 

In 1866-67, the Karens contributed ge 
towards the erection of a dwelling-house 
W. M. Scott, who joined the school and 
that year. Mr. Beecher being compelled 
shortly for America, however, Mr. Scoti 
house ; and the material which had been c 
at a cost of Rs. 1,200, was turned over to ! 
Thomas, by direction of the Karens, and 
him for building a house. Since the depar 
death of these gentlemen, this house has b( 
for school purposes. 



A Brahmin on the Bible. 


fSnce February, 1869, not less than Rs. 20»oob 
has been expended in the erection of fourteen sub- 
dantial cottage dormitories, a spacious schoolhouse 
of two stones for the female department, and a dor- 
oitoiy attached to the rear of the same, 108 feet by 
27, also two stories. Of this sum, Rs. 2,315 12-7 
only was contributed by the Woman's Baptist Mis- 
wn Society and private friends in America. This 
was given at the request of the superintendent, in 
consideration of having the upper story of the 
sdx)oDioiise eventually occupied as a residence by 
die lady missionaries of that society. The balance 
was contributed entirely by the Karens of Bassein 
and private friends in this town. 

This poor but devoted people are no^ engaged in 
raising a special fund of Rs. 20,000 for the erection 
of a new ** Institute," designed for the English and 
male vernacular departments. Over Rs. 7,000 has 
been brought in by the Karens already ; and, with 
the blessing of God, we have no doubt that the 
entire sum will be obtained, from Karens alone ^ 
within the promised time of three years. Much of 
the timber is already secured. 

All of these valuable buildings are erected on 
Missionary Union ground, and are virtually a gift to 
the society of the full amount of their cost. 

Grateful mention should here be made of a dona- 
tion of school furniture and apparatus, costing about 
Rs. ifOOOy from the W. B. M. Society, last year ; nor 
do we forget, that by supporting from one to three 
efficient lady teachers in the school since 1870, the 
Woman's Societies, East and West, have rendered 
the school invaluable service. 

More teachers, and teachers of a higher order, mu.<it 
be had, or the growth of the school be checked. 
So of apparatus, library, and all the appliances of 
an advanced school. We cannot expect, of course^ 
to compete with government schools, or colleges 
and seminaries supported entirely with funds from 
the societies and wealthy Christians of America, 
Bassein will always have some pupils to spare for 
such schools, if they are efRciently conducted ; but 
she will always have a much larger number whose 
means will not permit them to meet the heavy inci- 
dental expenses of schooling in a distant and most 
expensive city. For these hundreds of young men 
and women, equal in natural ability to any now 
gathered in the best schools of the land, we are in 
duty bound to do all in our power. A people who 
have never failed to meet all reasonable demands 
upon them, who have not left us to buy a spoonful 
of rice in sixteen years, nor suffered us to be 
plagued with the smallest debt for three consecutive 
months, will still come up to the demands of the 
time, and meet the rapidly increasing ordinary ex- 
penses. But for school furniture, apparatus, library, 
&c., we greatly need and earnestly ask for outside 

Furthermore, to give the school character and 
permanence, an endorumeni is as necessary here as 
in other lands. Steps are now being taken by which 
we hope the nucleus, at least, of such an endowment 
will be secured. Will not friends of this once weak 
and degraded but now rising people extend to us a 
helping hand? 


When we survey the past, — what God has 
wrought from such feeble beginnings, what work- 
men have received their training in whole or in 
part, the souls that have been, as we trust, bom 
again within these walls as we look forth upon 
these churches and see that their enthusiastic faith 
in this enterprise of their own beginning, and their 
willingness to sacrifice in this glorious cause are, if 
possible, greater than ever, as we look out upon the 
heathen, and see village after village calling for 
teachers to lead them into the way of light and life, 
— our hearts are full of courage and hope. To the 
Lord alone be all the praise ! 

A single word as to the future. The expenses of 
a fisitt^, not merely a growing, school tend to in- 
crease by a geometrical ratio. The Institute has 
nam reached a point in its development where a 
in expenditure is positively demanded. 


In 1870, after three years of baffled effort, a lot 
was obtained in the Bazaar Street of the native 
town of Mudnapilly, Madras presidency, India, and 
a free reading-room was erected, and opened by the 
missionary in charge. Rev. J. Chamberlain, M.D., of 
the " Arcott Mission " of the Reformed Church of 

It was designed to obtain a hold of the educated 
young men of the place. Well stocked with news- 
papers, periodicals, and books, and with copies of 
the Bible in seven different languages on the tables, 
and with Scriptures, tracts, C-hristian books and 
schoolbooks for sale, it was thrown open for their 
use on every week-day and evening, with the excep- 
tion that on Wednesday evenings there was to be a 
" biblical lecture," which all were invited to attend. 

On each lecture evening a parable, a miracle, a 
biography, a prophecy, a sermon of C^t\?X, •». Vv\s\.v%tv- 


The Bible in India. 


cal account, — as of the creation, deluge, Joseph in 
Egypt, the exodus, &Cm — ^was taken up and illustrated. 
While it was endeavored to make the lectures attrac- 
tive as a literary treat, the bearing of each subject 
on the gospel of Jesus Qirist and his salvation was 
never lost sight of. 

From the beginning the room was always crowded 
on these occasions by intelligent heathen. At the 
close of one of these Bible lectures by Dr. Cham- 
berlain, a Brahmin, one of the best educated in the 
place, — not a convert, — arose and asked permis- 
sion to say a few words. In a neat address he urged 
upon his fellow-citizens the importance of availing 
themselves of the advantages offered for their intel- 
lectual and moral advancement, and in conclusion, 
gave the following remarkable testimony to the 
Christian Scriptures. 

"Behold that mango-tree pn yonder roadside! 
Its fruit is approaching to ripeness. Bears it that 
fruit for itself or for its own profit? From the mo- 
ment the first ripe fruits turn their yellow sides 
towards the morning sun until the last mango is 
pelted off it is assailed with showers of sticks and 
stones from boys and men, and every passer-by, un- 
til it stands bereft of leaves, with branches knocked 
off, bleeding from many a broken twig ; and piles 
of stones underneath, and clubs and sticks lodged 
in its boughs, are the only trophies of its joyous 
crop of fruit. Is it discouraged? Does it cease to 
bear fruit? Does it say, 'If I am barren no one 
will pelt me, and I shall live in peace? * Not at all. 
The next season the budding leaves, the beauteous 
flowers, the tender fruit again appear. Again it is 
pelted, and broken, and wounded, but goes on bear- 
ing, and children's children pelt its branches and 
enjoy its fruit. 

"That is a t3rpe of these missionaries. I have 
watched them well, and have seen what they are? 
What do they come to this country for? What 
tempts them to leave their parents, friends, and 
country, and come to this to them an unhealthy 
climate? Is it for gain or for profit that they come? 
Some of us country clerks in government pffices re- 
ceive more salary than they. Is it for the sake of 
an easy life? See how they work, and then tell me. 
No : they seek, like the mango-tree, to bear fruit for 
the benefit of others, and this too, though treated 
with contumely and abuse from those they are bene- 

" Now look at this missionary. He came here a 
few years ago, leaving all, and seeking only our 
good. He was met with cold looks and suspicious 
glances, and was shunned, avoided, and maligned. 

He sought to talk with us of what he toI< 
the matter of most importance in heaven < 
and we would not listen. But he was not 
aged. He started a dispensary, and we S2 
the pariahs take his medicines, we won't ; ' b 
times of our sickness, and distress, and fear 
to go to him, and he heard us. We compl 
he walked through our Brahmin streets; 
long, when our wives and daughters were 
ness and anguish, we went and begged him 
even into our inner apartments, and he ca 
our wives and our daughters now smile up 
health. Has he made any money by it ? I 
costs of the medicines has not been returnee 

"And now^in spite of our opposition, 
bought this site, and built this beautiful ro 
furnished it with the choicest of lore in m 
guages, and put in it newspapers and pei 
which were inaccessible to us before, but wh 
us now to keep up with the world arounc 
understand passing events ; and he has plac 
tables to write on, and chairs to sit on, an 
for us to read and write by in the eveni 
what does he get for all this ! Does he mak 
by this free reading-room? Why, we do 
pay for the lamp-oil consumed by night as v 

" Now, what is it makes him do all this 
// is his Bible. I have looked into it a g( 
at one time and another, in the different la 
I chance to know. It is just the same in 
guages. The Bible — there is nothing to 
with it in all our sacred books for goodn 
purity and holiness and love, and for mc 

" Where did the English-speaking people 
their intelligence and energy and cleverr 
power? It is their Bible that gives it to the 
now they bring it to us,* and say, * This is wh 
us : take it and raise yourselves.' They do : 
it upon us, as the Mohammedans did with t 
ran, but they bring it in love, and translat 
our languages, and lay it before us, and say 
at it; read it; examine it, and see if it is nc 
Of one thing I am convinced: do what 
oppose it as we may, it is the Christian's B 
will sooner or later work the regcneratioi 


Let me give a few illustrations to show 
blessed Bible works. Now here at home ) 
the agencies that send it out, that help us 


The Calcutta Auxiliary Bible Society, 


it there, and distribute it Standing where the bat- 
teries are, you cannot always tell where the shot 
strikes. Let me be a kind of telescope here this 
afternoon, to show you what effect is produced in 

One of the missionaries in Bengal, going into a 
put of the country where missionaries have not la- 
bored, discovered a semi-Christian sect, which has 
been in existence some thirty years. They have the 
Bible. No Christians had gone there to preach ; no 
missionaries had been able to press their way into^ 
tbst jungle. But some one had got a copy of the 
Bible, and had carried it home to his people ; and to 
them it seemed the best book they had ever seen or 
heard of, and one worthy to command their belief 
ttd control their conduct. 

Another time, a missionary fell in with a man who 
hid a ffible with the margin all marked over with 
questions. He wanted the missionary to explain 
certain passages ; and when asked how he became 
a stadent of the Bible, he said that he was in the 
habit of meeting weekly with certain persons of 
hig^ caste to study it, and that it seemed to them 
the most wonderful book they had ever read. Their 
attention was especially arrested by the proposition 
it makes to save man from sin through a divine in- 
carnation. Their religion teaches them to look for 
an incarnation; and this blessed Bible describes the 
coming of Christ into this world for the purpose of 
taring men from sin. In another place this mis- 
sionary found fifty native gentlemen who were in 
the habit of meeting together weekly to study God's 
Word, and who had marked the margin of their 
Bibles with notes and queries. 

A missionary in the north of India, who lives in 
a jungle somewhat after the manner of John the 
Baptist, states that a native brought him a book, 
ttying> " My father has been in the habit of reading 
this for sixteen years." The missionary took the par- 
cel, and, unrolling it, found it was a copy of the New 
Testament, wrapped in sacred cloth, which had been 
read sixteen years. Don't you see where the shot 
strikes? I>on't you see how this blessed book finds 
its way into the jungle, up in the mountains, and 
turns up in the most unheard-of places, where peo- 
ple are learning to love it? 

I remember how a man, brought up in one of our 
Biission-schools, called on me, and said, " Sir, right 
over the way here, on the bank of the sacred Gan- 
ges, there is a Brahmin teaching your Bible." I 
Bade inquiry, and fomnd true enongh it was a Brah- 
sin. He had been in the habit of teaching the 
plttk)sophy of the Hindoos ; but, having obtained a 

copy of the New Testament, had put away his own 
sacred books and sat down to teach the New Testa- 
ment to anybody that would hear it. Don't you 
see where the shot strikes? 

I remember the case of a native preacher, — a con- 
verted Brahmin. He said once a native came up to 
him with a piece of paper crumpled in his hand, 
and said, " Sir, where can I get more of this? That 
leaf has done me more good than all the volumes I 
have met in my life." The preacher unrolled it, and 
found it was a leaf from the First Epistle to die 
Corinthians, containing that wonderful thirteenth 

A Hindoo was found lying dead by the roadside, 
smitten down, as the natives often are in the hot 
season, by sunstroke. This man was lying with 
something clutched in his hand, — a small piece of 
paper. A passing missionary took this paper firom 
the hand of the dead man, and found on it this 
verse, " The blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth us from 
all sin." That man whose hand in its death-grasp 
held that verse, though there had been no outward 
profession of Christianity, was probably saved by 
the truth. 

I am glad to say that the millions of India are 
learning that salvation means being freed from sin ; 
that they are coming to understand that the best, 
the holiest, of all books is God's blessed book. — 
Rev. Thomas J. Scott, D.D., of India. 



This auxiliary is mostly engaged with the publica- 
tion of Bengal Scriptures, in which langpiage it 
printed last year (at the Baptist Mission Press) 
66,000 portions of Scripture, including 2,500 copies 
of the New Testament in small type. This latter is 
a reprint of the thirteenth edition of the Bengali 
Testament, and is a beautiful specimen of Bengali 
printing. Its colportage price is only three annas. 

During the sixty-four years of the existence of the 
Calcutta Auxiliary Bible Society, its issues have 
amounted in all to 1,528,321 copies or portions of 
the Scriptures. This gives an average of 23,880 per 
annum. Strange to say, as far back as 1843, ^^ 
issues exceeded those of last year by upwards of 
8,000, while in 1854 also they were greater by 8,627. 
The issues of the last-mentioned year were greater 
than in any other of the Society's history, having 
then numbered 56,032. 

Surely such a mass of pure and unadulterated 
truth throMm broadcast over the province of Bengal 




must be working out its object, however quietly and 
slowly. Let it be followed by the earnest prayers of 
our readers ! 

With the consent of the lieutenant-governor of 
Bengal, a New Testament in the vernacular was sent 
last year by the above Society to every government 
school and college in the provinces under his rule. 
Thus one hundred and forty-eight copies were issued 
in Bengali, eighty-seven copies in Hindi, and four in 
Persian. The Society also proposed to send an En- 
glish Bible, with another and a New Testament in 
the vernacular, to each of the higher and middle 
class government-aided schools throughout the 
country, provided the government would help in 
distributing them. The Educational Department 
hesitated to carry out this latter plan ; and before 
it would undertake the distribution, the Society had 
to send a circular of inquiry as to the willingness of 
the schools to accept the offer. A large number 
have expressed their willingness to do so ; and re- 
quests for them are daily arriving. " No one," says 
the secretary, " has as yet sent in any expression of 
unwillingness to receive them." How timid is the 
Indian Government about identifying itself in the 
least degree with Christianity! Compliance with 
the Bible Society's request could hardly be consid- 
ered a " breach of religious neutrality." Presenta- 
tion copies of the Mdhal>harat would have been 
forwarded at once ; and we do not believe that the 
Christians in India would have raised an outcry that 
the Bengal Government was propagating Hindu- 

An edition of the Gospel by Luke, in Musalmani- 
Bengali, is being prepared for the Calcutta Bible 
Society by a sub-committee composed of missiona- 
ries of various denominations. An edition of Mat- 
thew in the same language (if language it may be 
called) has also been undertaken by missionaries of 
the Baptist Society, whose operations in Eastern 
Bengal are so largely carried on among the Musal- 
mani population. 

Since the return of Dr. Wenger to Calcutta, not- 
withstanding the extreme weakness of eyesight 
onder which he labors, he has been proceeding 
with the Bengali Commentary on the Acts, with 
which he has advanced to the twelfth chapter, 
which is now in type. This commentary is one of 
the most usefnl of the manifold works for which the 
Bengali Church is under obligation to this venerable 
translator of the Scriptures. Much anxiety was 
lately felt when a sharp attack of illness greatly re- 
duced his strength ; but God was entreated for him, 
and he is now mercifully restored. 


Shall we, by our lack of liberality, sc 
the hands of our Prudential Conmiittee t 
must recall our brethren from the fields 
they have given their lives? Recall thei 
by the memory of those heroic men who£ 
have consecrated all heathendom, and wfa 
have given to this age a reproduction of 
Christianity, it cannot be. Recall them! 
the debt we owe to our fellowmen, for v 
have received the gospel of Christ in sacre« 
must not be. Recall them ! No ! by the 
bear to the dear Lord we serve, and whose 
yearning over the multitudes of those who 
ishing from lack of knowledge, it shall 
Let the stars be recalled from their statior 
midnight sky, sooner than let it be said tha 
of support we must bring back a brother 
field of labor. "Spkax unto the chil 
Israel that they go forward." Be 
watchword of the week ; and though a sea 
culty lie before us, as we advance into it tl 
will divide, and make a pathway for our ps 
Rev. Dr. Taylor* s Sermon before the A. B. 


Wherever we go, we hear of hard tin 
fact cannot be gainsaid. The times are h: 
the wall of Jerusalem was to be built, 
troublous times." Christians are bound to 
not only what is lost, but what is left. \ 
above the reach of the prevailing depres 
some are below it. The former can enjoy 
ry of benevolence more than ever; the 1 
be thankful if they get " food and raime: 
whether we have much or little, we are c 
ards for the Lord, not independent propri< 
there are few to be found who cannot % 
than they are in the habit of giving. John 
sayings are deserving of serious attentic 
superfluities should be given up for the coi 
of others; our conveniences should give 
the necessities of others ; and even our n 
give way to the extremities of the poor, 
are not the times for extravagance an 
retrenchment and economy must be the 
the day; and when all Christians agree 
their money, " as ever in their great Tas 
eye," the cause of Christ will not sufler ; 
ment and economy will not begin they 
J. M. Cramp, D.D. 


The Influence of Christianity on Commerce. 



lE of our missionaries in Bunnah, in a recent 
Dunication to the Rooms, writes the following 
St words: "Oh, how I wish the American 
St Churches would be aggressive, and raise 
^ money to man the destitute stations and 
yf the more prominent points in Upper Bur- 
where there are many places for Burman mis- 
ries ! Oh, how I long for a missionary revival 
eep over the ministers and laymen until they 
not rest, until they should feel constrained to 
ux>ugh the cities and villages, crying, 'Woe, 
if we do not send the. gospel to the heathen ! ' 
the Lord breathe upon his people, that they 
ive, and ' stand up upon their feet, an exceed- 
[Teat army/ Nothing but the most heartfelt 
n at the condition in which Burmah is left by 
lon-aggressiveness of the American Baptist 
:hes compels me to write in this strain. Night 
Ay my soul is burdened as I look about me. 
)ld missions are not even provided for, except 
lying way. Karen missionaries are here who 
>urdened with labor that would kill anybody 
missionary. Five Burman missionaries only, 
from printing-office, etc., and nobody yet for 
dllions that stretch beyond the British frontier ! 
iwhile corruption of the population by arrack 
>pium is going on. False religion is coming in 
I flood. Thousands of Karens are becoming 
hists, to be more hardened than Burman Bud- 
>. The whole character of society is slowly 
;ing. Oh, that the voice of God would speak 
heaveOy and startle the American Baptists from 
heavy slumbers ! " 


reign missions have taught our churches the 
St form of benevolence. It is not the quantity 
ring so much as its quality that determines its 
. The costliest offering may shrivel to nothing 
ith the all-searching Eye, while that of the 
widow may become a memorial forever. Men 
devise liberal things for the West from the im- 
of patriotism ; they may devise liberal things 
le East from the impulse of public spirit. We 
tach deeds praiseworthy, as they are ; and yet 
lotnre confessedly is not the purest and best. 
t iHien a man gives of his substance because 
I Saviour's last oonunand, or firom a desire to 
be Pacific Islander, though repulsive exceed- 

ingly, the pariah of India, the Bushman of Africa, 
transferred into the likeness of Christ, he ascends 
to the highest plane of earthly benevolence. He 
expects no return save that which may accrue from 
the grateful intercessions of his unknown beneficia- 
ries. Never in this life will his eye rest upon the 
fruit of his self-denial. The giver and receiver will 
never meet till the hour when, in the hush of their 
transcendent joy, they shall look for the first time 
upon their conunon Judge and their conunon Sav- 

Such offerings bear the image of the heavenly ; 
they are all written in the book of remembrance, 
against the final apocalypse. They verify that saying, 
as true as it is comprehensive and profound, " It is 
more blessed to give than to receive " — not at, but 
more — " more blessed " because of the manifold- 
ness of the good which proceeds therefirom, like the 
outspreading circles on a quiet lake. — Dr. Treat. 




" From the day when Paul was carried in a com 
ship fix>m Melita to Puteoli, commerce and Christian- 
ity have been mutual helpers. Sometimes the trader 
has gone before the missionary and been the means 
of introducing him to the district; but wherever the 
missionary has settled and succeeded, he has by his 
very success given an impulse to commerce. Not 
only has he made it safe for the mariner to visit 
ceasts where formerly every stranger would have 
been treacherously slain, but every Christianized 
heathen becomes a customer in the markets of our 
civilization. Thus the Christianization and civiliza- 
tion of the Sandwich Islands created a commerce 
which for the year ending 1871 amounted to ^4,406, 
426, which, reckoning the profit at ten per cent, 
would leave a gain to those engaged in it of ^440, 
642, an amount about equal to the receipts of the 
American Board last year. 

" It has been calculated that for every pound ster- 
ling England expends in missions she receives ten 
in trade; and the same ratio will hold in the 
case of the United States. But that is a low and 
selfish view to take of the subject. Think of the 
effect which these commercial dealings must have 
on the communities among whom they are carried 
on. There is an elevating and a widening influence 
in buying and selling; and though it is doubtless 
true that civilization carries its vices as well as its bene- 
fits in its train, yet wherever it u the result of mis- 


Missionary ^Correspondence, 


sionary activity, the effects are of the happiest sort. 
The preachers of the Cross create an atmosphere 
around them which influences even those who are 
not converted by their agency ; and the testimony 
borne by the Indian Government, in the report laid 
before the House of Commons in 1873, would be 
confirmed in every mission-field on the surface of 
the earth. It is to this effect : * The government of 
India cannot but acknowledge the great obligation 
under which it is laid by the benevolent exertions of 
these six hundred missionaries, whose blameless ex- 
ample and self-den3ring lal>ors are infusing new 
vigor into the stereotyped life of the great populations 
and are preparing them to be in every way better men 
and better citizens of the great empire in which they 
dwell.' " — Rev. IVilliam M. Taylor ^ D.D. 


I WANT to impress upon the hearts of par< 
desirableness of encouraging every emotion 
bosoms of their children that has reference 
sionary operations. There is something in il 
heavenly, that is from God. It is imjires 
cannot be forgotten. When once planted it 
die, but will go on increasing. Therefore, n 
friends, you who have children, cultivate mi.*- 
feeling in their bosom ; speak of it even wh« 
are on your knees. I am indebted to words 
heard from my mother when I was a boy s 
at her knees ; and I have had opportunities 
nessing the gracious and blessed influence c 
has been impressed upon children in their 
hood. — Robert Moffat. 


MisHan to the Burtnans. 


Zbkgonc, Oct. 9, 1876 

Church Organized. — Yesterday was a good 
day with us. We organized the Zeegong church, 
with forty-two members, appointed and ordained 
deacons, and baptized one fine young man. Over 
eighty people were present at our morning service, 
about twenty of whom were heathen. The congre- 
gation is growing so fast that we must have a chapel 
to meet in, my house cannot afford sufficient accom- 

Falling Away. — We have excluded nearly as 
many as we have baptized this year. I am certain 
that many went astray for want of pastoral care, and 
am in a great strait to know how to provide for so 
many weak disciples scattered over so large a dis- 
trict. My experience is new to Burman mission- 
aries. As a general thing the converts have come 
in one or two at a time, and they could be taught 
without much difficulty ; but here I have over one 
hundred disciples, all ignorant, and very few in a 

Something besides Money. — Moung At, who 
Uv^ at Min Gyee, twenty miles from here, is an 
experienced preacher, and I must move him to Jabin- 
gout, a village ten miles north of Zeogong, on the 
railroad. There he will be able to look after a 
number of Christians who are suffering for pastoral 
care. The new disciples can fight Buddhism and 
lead their friends to believe in Christ; but the cause 

is suffering for the want of a few good men m 
take these weak converts and build them up 
faith. It is not a case where you can help r 
money. The men are not to be had. I wai 
prayers. Ask the churches to pray. I am d 
I can ; but without the spirit of God mere ef? 
not avail. 

Hopeful. — I have a good hold on severs 
ential heathen men, and hope to see much 
power of the Lord manifested in the land, 
things moving. I want you to pray for me 
may move in the right direction. 

letter from MR. HALK. 

Shwaygyeen, Oct. 4 

False Seekers. — The apparently intere; 
quirers that came to us when we first can 
have left us, except one, who comes regula 
seems no nearer the kingdom than the re: 
seem to have been lead to come to us by th 
of pecuniary benefit, or, at best, a temporary i 
A few seemed to run well for a time, but w 
given up hopes of them for some time. Our 
and his wife, who seemed to be really cor 
were found out to be skilful hypocrites two 
or less ago. 

Encouragements. — The young man b 
in Rangoon in February, about whom I 1 
wrote you, I am in hopes will be of great 
us hare. He is teaching me the language, 
am instructing him in the Scriptures, readi 


Missionary Correspondence. 


"digest" with him. He also preaches as he can. 
I pay him now only ten rupees monthly. By and 
by he will be more useful, and I shall have to pay 
lun more. He is well versed in the Burmese 
Scriptures, and seems to enjoy preaching Christ. 
One young man who was in Brother George's em- 
ploy in Henthada for a few months, has acknowl- 
edged openly that Buddhism is wrong, and that 
Christianity is right. He comes to our Sunday wor- 
lUp, but seems to be hindered by his family from 
asidng baptism at present. I hope and believe that 
he wiU do so before long. There is also another 
yomig man, or boy rather, who comes regularly to 
ov worship, except when his parents oblige him to 
voric. His interest has been made manifest only 
within the last few months. 

A Shan man came to me a few weeks ago, saying 
that he believed in the eternal God, but that it was 
Terr hard for one man alone to become a disciple. 
As he did not keep his promise to come again, I 
Ktfcbed for him, but did not succeed in finding 
hioL I shall try again when the roads become a 
ittle dryer. 

Pray for Us. — Thus we have cases of interest 
6«D time to time, but as yet not one has gone far 
eaoQgh for baptism, except the one baptized in 
Rmgoon. Still we hope and believe that God has 
diosen ones in Shwaygyeen, and that some of them 
win be made manifest before long. I trust that the 
people at home will not forget to pray that the 
Spirit will work with saving ]>ower on the people of 
Shwaygyeen district 

Mission to the Garos. 

Letter from Mr. Mason. 

GowALPARA, Assam, Oct. 9, 1876. 

An Answer Wanted. — Your letter of Aug. 6, 
' with a statement of the appropriations for 1876-7 
tsrecerred. Fnjm the tone of former letters we 
were somewhat prepared to see small appropria- 
tions; but when the grain is ready to cut, and men 
are begging for wurk, it is hard to be obliged, fur 
the want of means, to say no. We shall do the 
best we can with what we have, trusting that the 
Lord wUl, through those especially interested in our 
work, increase the amount so that no retrenchment 
need be made. For I beUeve retrenchment in the 
kingdom of God to be a great evil that ought not to 
be named among as. When these people ask me, 
as many do^ what has become of their father, 
who never heard of salvation through Christ, I can 

give a very satisfying answer. But when they ask me 
why Christians now, who live in such nice houses 
and have so many clothes, do not do more for the 
salvation of the heathen, how can I answer? I 
do not knc^v. 

The Way of the Lord More Perfectly. — 
The preachers and teachers of the whole mission, 
at my request, have been spending a few days at 
Gowalpara, that I might give them a more perfect 
idea of their calling, and to enlarge their hearts to 
more thorough and energetic efforts. While my 
first purpose was to show the nature of Christian 
co-operatiun, and to explain the Scripture methods 
of organized effort, I have aimed also to show the 
magnitude and importance of their work in the 
kingdom. They feel ignorant and feeble; but I 
tell them to look at their opportunities. Like no 
other body of Christians on the face of the earth, 
they are set down in the very heart of heathenism. 
Beside numerous small tribes in their immediate vicin- 
ity, they are bounded as it were by four vast empires 
of idolaters. Under these circumstances, even one 
talent, with the throne of God to back it, may shake 
the nations from their stupor. Do the brethren at 
home realize this? I was glad to see it hinted at in 
the anniversary meeting as a reason for " holding 
on ; " but it ought to be held up plain and clear as 
a reason for a tenfold greater effort. 

Brighter Prospects. — We have reason to be 
encouraged at the present prospect. Converts are 
asking for baptism in almost every station. At one 
place only do I kn<^w of hostilities. One Sunday a 
short time since, the Christians, only six in number, 
were surrounded by a mob of sixty or eighty, who 
with weapons in hand thought to drive them from 
their homes. They are, however, quietly holding 
on ; and I hope they will soon outride the storm. 

A Poor Record Retrieved. — About four 
months ago a man who in former times had not 
proved himself the most faithful and energetic, 
asked me for the third or fourth time to be allowed 
to try a school. Seeing his apparent sincerity and 
earnestness, I told him that we wished to support only 
the very best men, and that at present we were 
short of means; but if he would go to such a 
place, where there were as yet no Christians, and 
do what he could, I would give him three ru- 
pees per month. He moved his family to that 
place; and now he has the largest of the village 
schools, well reported of by those who have visited 
it. He holds meetings every evening, and I have 
just received a letter signed by twelve of the villag- 
ers, saying that through him they have heard and 


Missionary Correspondence. 


believe the gospel ; and they ask me to come and 
see them* for they wish to be baptized. 

Mission to the Asoatneoe, 

Letter from Dr. Bronson. * 

GOWAHATI, Oct. a, 1876. 

Bafhsms. — The Lord is blessing us with the 
tokens of his presence. Several have sought and 
found the Saviour, and others are giving evidences 
of seriousness. Yesterday we had the pleasure of 
baptizing in the waters of the noble Brahmaputra 
three interesting young men, whose names I will 
give, as I have hope that you will hear from them 
again as being engaged in the Master's service. 
They are Sol Mahon, our native brother Kandura*s 
second son; Anondo, our native brother Jurman's 
second son, and Rickmon, a very promising Garo 
lad in the Normal School. 

Interested Spectators. — The baptism was in 
the presence of Europeans and a crowd of natives 
standing on the steamers and flats moored close to 
our baptizing place. Our little mission-tent was 
pitched on the bank close to the water ; chairs and 
benches were brought, and to see so many of our 
Christians together joining in the song of praise 
and in the refreshing exercises was a pleasant sight. 
The heathen listened attentively while I read and 
remarked npon our Saviour's last command, f* Go 
ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every 
creature. He that believeth and is baptized shall 
be saved; and he that believeth not shall be 
damned.'* I always find that the love of Christ, 
the Saviour of the whole world, seldom fails to 
fasten the attention of these heathen multitudes. 

Children's Children. — We are permitted now 
to baptize the children of the second genera/ion of 
native disciples. All three of these baptized are 
making good proficiency in their studies, and I hope 
God is preparing them for usefulness in his service. 
Did not the children who responded to Mrs. Scott's 
reqnest to give their pennies to help educate Kandu- 
ra's boys, — did they not with their pennies give their 
prayers that they might be prepared for usefulness 
among their countrymen. And so God hears and 
answers prayer. 

Misoion to the Teioogooe. 

letter from MR. CAMPBELL. 

Sbcvndxkabad, Sept. 30, 1876. 
Street-Preaching. — Our two native preachers 
are out every day preaching in the streets of Secun- 
denibad and the tnrrounding villages to a distance 

of three or four miles. They commonly 
twice each day, both morning and evening, 
out with them from three to five morning 
week. The two pifeachers are now out for 
tour of three or four days; and now, as thi 
are evidently over, I hope for some months ti 
them labor mostly in the districts. I expect 
myself soon. 

Regular Services. — Our meetings reqi 
considerable portion of our time. Our sabba 
Wees are sabbath-school and preaching in the 
ing, and prayer-meeting at 4.30, I'.M. 'ITiis 
time for bazaar preaching in the cool of the ev 
Monday, at 5, p.m., Mrs. Campbell has a 
prayer-meeting; Wednesday evening occurs 01 
end prayer-meeting. Thursday evening I. 1 
prayer-meeting in the Fortieth Native Tnfantr)' 
in English. On Friday evening we have an F 
prayer-meeting. These English meetings hav 
fifteen to twenty in attendance. On Saturda 
ning once a month occurs our covenant-meetii 

Fruit Gathered. — These efforts have noi 
without some fruits. The latter part of Ma 
the early part of June I baptized six, — two Eur 
soldiers and four Eurasians. About three weel* 
I baptized a native man. He came here from 
ras. When in Madras he belonged to the Lut 
Mission. For two or three months past h 
attended our meetings, and has been studyin 
subject of baptism. He has come to the cone 
that innmersion is the true way, and requested 
tism and was accepted. He was formerly a t 
er. He seems to be a true man, and I am 
trying him as a preacher. We have hopes th. 
will prove a good helper for us. 

" Hindered." — Others from among the he 
have shown a good mind towards Christian itj 
have expressed their determination to become ( 
tians, but are now kept back by persecution 
drunkenness. One man had a day set to cor 
to present himself to the church. When prep 
to come, he was beaten with stones, his clothes 
threatened, &c., and thus hindered. He still 
fesses that this is the true way, but he is a victi 
intemperance. One or two others have met v 
similar experience, and have not yet grace en 
to rise above their persecution and love of liqu 

A Physiclin Needed. — The more we 
among this people, the more we see of their te 
wickedness. I think I speak safely when I sa; 
I never before was in a place so wicked as 
One of the Christians who came with us from 
gole said to Mrs. Campbell the other day, that ' 



Missionary Correspondence. 


do not know how to be so bad in Ongole as they are 
here; " and I think he is about right It would be 
diflkuU to mention an evil that does not exist here. 
Tfaii morning's paper gives accounts of the arrest of 
lioters in a house of prostitution ; uf a man being 
tfabbcd, &c. But the kingdom of Satan must be 
broken up, and it b well to attack him in his strong- 
kids. It is " they that are sick that need a physi- 
duL*' I doubt not that the Lord will call these 
anoers to repentance. He has spoken, and his 
void shall not return to him void. 

Missitm in Oermany* 

Brother Palm^ in Hohensaathen (on the Oder), 
writes: "Though we have in this quarter as yet but 
labored in hope without fruit, as it were, since we 
bire not been able to baptize anyone, yet we were 
pcmitted to hear the confession of faith from sev- 
oal young Christians, who also have declared their 
letving the Lutheran Church, and will shortly be 

Brother Andresen^ from the churches Tangstedt 
and Elmshom, writes: "Thirteen persons were 
added to the church. On the whole, our people are 
more and more turned unto unbeUef and despising 
aD religion. On the other hand. Christians seem to 
fed more aoid more their important task of promot- 
ing the kingdom of Christ. Great sacrifices are 
being made for that purpose ; colporteurs traverse 
the conntiy in all directions to circulate the Scrip- 
tnres among the people. I consider it to be a great 
Bcrcy of the Lord, that he has permitted me to 
«ork for nearly fifteen years in Hobtein, always in 
the greatest harmony with our brethren." 

Brother Harnisch^ in MQhlhausen, has been as 
active as usual in preaching and travelling about. 
.Uxmt six persons have been baptized, and several 
others seem inclined to join the church. 

Brother Schunhe, in Neuhaldensleben, writes: 
''Looking back on the past three months, I feel 
ashamfd to think how little I have thanked the 
Lord for the blessing he has graciously bestowed on 
my homble service after a time of much waiting and 
praying. At the close of the last quarter, while I 
vas visiting the church of Einbeck and laboring 
(here, I received the glad tidings of the conversion 
of two souls. On April 2, when preaching in the 
ncigfaborbood of Torgau, I had the joy of baptizing 
ayooBgpeiKm twenty yean of age, the daughter 
of one of our mcmbefs. At one of my former 
vsiti she V**«"«» terioiisly concerned about her sal- 
vatioa, and hat now been made a true child of God. 

I also have reason to believe that my last visit has 
been the means of blessing for many a soul. The 
ten meetings I held in nine different villages, in the 
halls of public inns, were attended by one hundred 
to two hundred and fifty people each time, who lis- 
tened with great attention to the word of the cross. 
At the end of May I visited Halle, Konnem, and 
Lubejun. In Konnem a married wuman became 
converted and convinced of the necessity of being 
baptized. Her husband, though nut yet a Christian, 
was of great service to us in the arrangements nec- 
essary to perform this holy ordinance.^ May the 
Lord continue to bless and increase this people ! " 

Brother Beyebach^ in Hcrsfeld, writes: "The 
Lord has promised his people the victory over the 
world, and has hitherto acted according to this prom- 
ise: that we could alsu experience in the past 
months. P^irst it was a youth who, though strug- 
gling for a lung time against the truth, was finally 
overcome, and is now lying as a conquered one at 
the foot of the cross. A similar experience made 
two men who were hitherto satisfied with their so- 
called Church Christianity; but finding the very 
foundations of this building shaking, they sought 
firmer ground, and have now one Lord, one faith, 
and one baptism, in common with us. Then the 
Lord led a widow to see that as yet she had not been 
a true widow in the sense of the Bible ; and she 
had no peace until she could put her confidence in 
the Lord. Again it was a child of our Sunday 
school who with a broken heart confessed her guilt, 
and could soon rejoice in the Lord her Saviour. 
She was followed by a schoolboy eleven years of 
age, in whose conversion we doubted a little on 
account of his extreme youth ; bnt soon we had to 
become convinced of his sincerity, and could bap- 
tize him joyfully. Thus there are six persons whom 
we could receive among us. As far as my health 
permitted, I travelled about to visit our out-stations. 
I found much longing to hear the truths of the gos- 
pel and very few means to satisfy it. The old com- 
plaint of the want of laborers is still resounding. 
Our Sunday school is still visited by two hundred to 
three hundred children ; and also our infant school 
b flourishing under the direction of a sbter edu- 
cated for this purpose in Nonnenveier and another 
most devoted sister. A great interest is also shown 
by several brethren in the circulation of tracts and 
Bibles, and we trust that with the blessing of the 
Lord a rich harvest may come from thb seed." 

Brother JKissling, in Goslar (Harz Mountains), 
writes: *'I held twenty meetings and dbtribnted 
about four hundred tracts. On Goo<l Friday I vb- 


The Missionary Outlook, 


ited an old blind brother in Blankenburg, who lives 
there quite by himself, but is firmly rooted in our 
principles. He told me that the clerg>'man had vis- 
ited him twice, spoken very kindly to him, and had 
finally asked him to include him in his prayers. At 
Easter we had arranged a little treat for the chil- 
dren of our church; also from Brome several of 

the newly-converted children and others had 
Catechising, praying, singing, and addresses 
changed with one another : the hours passed 
ly, and in the evening five or six of our cl 
were awakened. Some of them have asked 


The United Presbyterian Church of Scotland 
devotes about one-tenth of its total yearly contribu- 
tions to the cause of foreign missions. The amount 
set apart for this purpose has been increased from 
^70,000 in 1856 to ^205,000 in 1876. The Free 
Church of Scotland raises yearly nearly {^300.000 
for foreign missions, with which it sustains twenty- 
eight ordained European missionaries and a total 
Christian agency of 278. In the native churches 
connected with its missions there are 2,387 commu- 
nicants. There are 159 institutions and schools and 
6,057 male and 1,306 female scholars receiving 
instruction in English and in their native tongue; 
1,956 male and 1,984 female scholars receiving 
instruction in their native tongue alone ; making a 
total of 11,303 under Christian instruction. The 
Church of Scotland and other Presbyterian bodies 
will probably increase Scotland's annual contribu- 
tions for foreign missions to seven or eight hundred 
thousand dollars. 

The Treasury of the United Presbyterian Mission 
Board is in a very embarrassed condition. It has a 
debt of over ;^22,ooo, in consequence of which the 
Board is not able to send the missionaries, Messrs. 
Johnston and Harvey, back to Egypt. At the meet- 
ing of the First United Presbyterian Synod of the 
West the moderator said the Syrian and China 
missions should be abandoned to the care o{ other 
churches, inasmuch as the Board was unable to sup- 
port them properly. Upon his motion, a resolution 
was passed requesting the General Assembly to 
restrict in the future the appropriations to the 
probable income for the year. The United Presby- 
terians have done nobly for foreign missions in the 
past, and we hope they will be able to relieve their 
board of its present indebtedness and to sustain all 
their missions abroad. 

tions at Rutschuk, Sistof, Tultcha, Ix)ftcha, 
Palanka, Plevna, and Orcharia. The numl 
members is 62; of sabbath schools 5, with 61 
ars; and of day-schools 3, with 43 scholars 
1875, 425 Bibles in Bulgarian and Turkish 
circulated, together with 1,116 religious book 
3,702 tracts and pamphlets. 

The Methodist Missionary Society appears 
pretty badly in debt. If current reports be tr 
collections have fallen short to the extent of $2 
Nearly all the missionary societies in this c( 
have suffered the past year on account of the 
times ; but none so heavily as this. 

The Indapoor and Jalna mission, under the 
•)f Rev. Narayan Sheshadri, numbers 2 ord 
missionaries, 37 Christian agents in all, 246 co 
nicants, 1,069 scholars, of whom 700 are und 
Vernaular Education Society. Forty adults 
admitted on profession of their faith last year, 
greater part of these were from among the M 
In the native church at Madras are 125 com 
cants ; 10 were admitted last year. Scholars, 1 
of whom 1,023 were girls, and 151 undergrad 
— " The Foreign Missionary " (^Presbyterian 

"In the twenty years from 1855 ^^ 1875 ^^ 
ber of native clergy in the South-Indian missic 
the Church Missionary Society has risen from * 
seventy-five; of communicants, from 5,147 to 12 
of baptized Christians, from 22,355 ^^ 48,92 
professing Christians, including catechumens, 
33,231 to 63.258." 

The Methodists, as we gather from their report 
for 1875, have three missions in Bulgaria, with sta- 

The Italian clergy occasionally show that 
are not wholly unaffected by the advance of 
around them. More than once of late the I 
of the faithful evangelists preaching in various 


The Missionary Outlook. 


of the ooimtxy have been encouraged by seeing one 
or more priests in the little assemblies of simple 
QuisdanSy gathered to read and explain the Holy 
Sciipiuies, and to take part in an unpretending 
lerricc of prayer and praise. Not that priests have 
aever before been noticed in these meetings. But 
beretofore they have come only too clearly for the 
purpose of taking notice of those of their flocks 
dttt venture to show their faces in a Protestant 
diapeL From Bart, a city distinguished for the 
£uiatidsm of its population, we have the statement 
that a canon of the province, clothed in secular 
dress, after a devotional meeting at which he had 
been present, was heard, as the hearers left the hall, 
to eshort those whom his voice reached to frequent 
fl» reunions, ** in order to hear the pure gospel of 
OBT Lord Jesus Christ." Simultaneously there comes 
from Densenzano {sul Lago) the account of a 
feiendly and edifying conversation which the evan- 
gelist of the local church held with two priests, one 
of whom at parting significantly quoted in Latin the 
halmist's words : " Beati omnes qui tiraent Domi- 
Bum, qui ambulant in viis ejus." Either this or 

I another priest has sent to the evangelist for tracts, 
and is already reported to have ceased to perform 
acerdotal duty. 

The work of missions is the great and command- 
ing enterprise of the age ; tefore it the most colossal 
sdiemes for tunnelling mountains and constructing 
ocean telegraphs shrink into insignificance. The 
Sncz canal is a small thing compared with the open- 
ing of Japan to the gospel — Rev. Wm. L, Gage. 

Moravian Missions. — Since the beginning of 

the present century the Moravians have established 

only four new missions, those of South Africa, the 

Mosquito Coast, Australia, and Thibet. Their work 

is now divided into sixteen missions : Greenland, 

I^brador, the North-American Indians, the Island 

of St Thomas and St. John's, St. Croix, Jamaica, 

Antigua, St Kitts, Barbadoes, Tobago, Mosquito 

Coast, Surinam, the western portion of South Africa, 

the eastern portion of South Africa, Australia, and 

West Himalaya. Upon these missions are employed 

298 missionaries and teachers, of whom 144 are 

women, and a large number of native assistants. 

hi connection with the 94 mission-stations there are 

22,051 c om mun i ca n ts. More than 67,000 persons 

•re onder the spiritual care of the missionaries. 

Osriog the past year 376 adults and 228 children 

vcfe baptized and 1,141 persons confirmed. This 

old and vigorous missionary organization can cer- 
tainly congratulate itself upon the success which 
these statistics indicate, notwithstanding the fact that 
it has done little in planting new missions in the 
present century. The principal obstacle the Mora- 
vians complain of, as preventing the extension of 
their missionary operations, is the lack of men and 
means. It is also probable that a mistake has been 
made in not bringing forward native ministers more 
promptly. In consequence of an epidemic in Green- 
land, the list of deaths reported from the mission- 
field is unusually large this year, numbering nearly 
twelve hundred. 


" A LATE official report to the British Parliament 
states that thirty-five Protestant missionary societies 
now maintain 606 missionaries in India, including 
551 ordained ministers. These occupy 522 princi- 
pal and 2,500 subordinate stations. Besides these, 
there are 381 ordained native ministers, 78,494 com- 
municants, and a Christian population of 318,363. 
The native contributions to Christianity in 1872 
amounted to about $80,000, or over one dollar per 
capita of the communicants, — a liberality transcend- 
ing the average of Christian churches in England 
and America. 

" The printing-establishments number twenty-five. 
In ten years, ending with 1872, they issued 3,410 
new works, in thirty different languages, and circu- 
lated 1,315,503 copies of the Scriptures, in whole 
or in part, 2,375,040 school-books, and 8,750,129 
Christian books and tracts. There are four great 
universities, twenty-five colleges, and thousands of 
schools, all imparting the science of Europe and 
America. More than 200,000 pupils are studying 
the English language. There are also eighty-five 
training-schools for native missionaries and teachers, 
enrolling 1,618 students, and twenty -eight female 
institutions of high grade, with 567 students." — 
From " The Orient and its People," by Mrs. I, L. 


We have received with unaffected pleasure the 
Eighth Annual Report of the American Baptist 
Teloogoo Mission for 1875-6. We think that there 
is special cause to admire and respect the work be- 
ing done by the devoted members of this mission \ 
and it gratifies us, as it must all, tp hear of the prog- 
ress they are making in the cause they have taken 


Editorial Paragraphs, 


up. The missionaries of these missions (the Ameri- 
can-Baptist, the Lutheran, and one or two others) 
are and have been the only men since the days of 
Heber and Schwartz who can be said to be really 
engaged in the work of Christian evangelization in 
this land. Working among the most degraded and 
yet largest sections of her population, they are in 
reality leavening, with the leaven of civilization as 
well as of Christianity, the great mass of ignorance 
and superstition in India. These are the men who 
go from village to village, among outcast pariahs 
and field-laborers, sowing the seeds of thought, 
of honest industry and independence, as well as 
teaching the faith of their Master. It is not too 
much to say that the little village communities 
thus established of simple-hearted nata-kar, — true 

sheep gathered around the shepherds, with a child- 
like trust in their faith, — form oases in the wilder- 
ness. — Madras AtheruBum. 

Itinerants and Schools. — The simple and 
practical but enthusiastic missionary, working in 
lonely spots of the mofussil^ is doing a great and 
good service to India in civilizing the lowest and 
most degraded of her population. Not that we 
would under-rate the educational missionaries of die 
large towns ; they are no doubt doing good service, 
but it chiefly consists in supplying candidates for 
government o6fices and generally in producing the 
Bea- Yea-ing Hindoo. — Madras Athenctum. 


To niK Rescue. — To the missionaries in the 
fields abroad, and to the managers in the mission- 
rooms at home, the great and continued falling-ofl* 
in the receipts from the churches for the work, is 
beginning to excite painful anxiety. One of two 
things is inevitable : if this decrease oC funds goes 
on to the end of the Bscal year, only three months of 
which now remain, either an enormous debt will be 
contracted, or a large part of the work must be 
arrested. Either issue will be deplorable. Fellow- 
laborers in this great work, will you not hasten to 
the rescue? If each one will do what he can, and 
do it promptly, .the impending disaster will be 

A change in our Missionary Magazine 
begins with the present number. It b no longer 
issued by but for the Missionary Union, imder the 
management of a publisher who takes entire con- 
trol of the business connected with its publication ; 
but the editorial work continues to be done in the 
Mission Rooms, so that the change in question does 
not involve any alteration in the nature and scope 
of the Magazine, It will continue to be, as it has 
been, a repository of missionary discussions and in- 
telligence. The transfer from the Union to an in- 
dividual as publisher, and such changes as the trans- 
fer will introduce, are made with the hope of con- 
tributing to the greater prosperity of this missionary 
periodical, and to the progress of this cause which 
it has for so many years represented and advocated. 
B^» After the present issue of the Macedonian 
that sheet will be wholly under the control of the 

Woman's Board. This transfer will provide a more 
favorable opportunity for the Women's department 
to present and advocate their work in the sphere of 
foreign missions. 

The Last Surviver Gone. — It will be sirty- 
Bve years next month since the original band of 
American missionaries, designated to service in a 
foreign land, sailed from this country for India, 
under the auspices of the American Board of Com- 
missioners for Foreign Missions. That band com- 
prised the honored names of Samuel Newell, Gordon 
Hall, Adoniram Judson, and Samuel Nott, with 
their wives, and Luther Rice, unmarried. And 
now the last surviver of these pioneers, Roxanna, 
the vddow of Mr. Nott, has just gone to join the 
gloriBed company. Mrs. Nott died in Hartford, 
Conn., on Monday, Dec. 1 1, 1876, at the advanced 
age of nearly ninety-two. What marvellous prog- 
ress has been made in the cause of foreign missions 
since 181 2, the year when Mrs. Nott and her de- 
voted companions started forth to make a beginning 
in the face of many formidable obstacles to such an 
undertaking. She must have watched with eager 
interest the great advance made during her lifetime 
in this department of Christian activity. 

Our frontispiece of the present issue represents a 
walk in a Chinese city. Some years ago it might have 
been difficult for us to make our way through a Chi- 
nese town ; but noW we may go undisturbed into many 
of those on the coast Let us take a walk in one of 

Editorial Paragraphs, 


Walls are built all round the town, so we must 
by one of the city gates ; but even before we 
the gate we come upon a busy scene, for we find 
I of dosely-packed houses and shops outside 
ty walls. Once inside, we must be careful 
ire thread our way, for the streets are very 

rhiTia you wiU find no high houses, no broad 
s no horses. You will see, indeed, some high 
and tall towers, but these belong to pagodas 
Lthen temples, and the people are forbidden to 
th«r ovm houses with many stories, lest they 
1 overshadow the idol temples. We shall come 
w houses which have more than one story, 
look something Uke big toys, for they have 

fancifully>carved roofs with curved comers. 

of the roofs are painted in bright colors, bells 

»metimes hung from the comers, and at times 

gure of a dragon is seen, who the inhabitants 

will protect them from evil spirits and bad 
nccs. You will find no glass in the windows, 
kstead very thin paper, or here and there small 
> made of thin oyster-shell, 
low can burdens be carried," you will ask, 
m there are no horses and few broad streets? " 

you see, a river runs by the town, and canals 
been made in different directions. The Chi- 
towns are generally built on rivers, and these 
most as crowded and busy as the roads. Thou- 

of people make their homes on river-boats, 
essels of different sizes row up and down the 

laden with passengers and cargo. If you 
want to travel by the river, and would rather 
alk, you can get into a sedan-chair, or a palan- 

There will be no difiiculty in finding some one 
Tf you. Hundreds of coolies do the work of 
I in every town. They carry not only passen- 
t>nt chests of tea, bales of silk, and all sorts of 

TP^Icing quite as much noise as cart and car- 
wheels, while they rush about with their bur- 
crying, " Ah ho 1 Ah ho ! " from morning to 

night I suppose thU cry helps them along, just as 
our sailors say that their caU, " PuU-a-hoy ! " does 
half their work. We ought not to grudge the Chi- 
nese coolie any help he can find, for his work is 
said to be so hard that he is wom out in a few years 

Go Forward. —-"The Missionary Herald," 
for December, publishes "Thoughts from a 
Friend," and among the thoughts we find the fol- 
lowing stirring utterances : — 

"I mused in bed after waking this morning on 
the affairs of the Board : the eamest caUs, • Help us; 
from so many quarters; the great encouragement 
in the attitude of Japan, India, &c., much beyond 
any thing seen before ; how much more likely Japan 
is to receive our religious teaching now, and to profit 
by it, than after the people have obtained through 
their own efiforts (as they surely will) our literary 
and temporal advantages. They may get the latter, 
and be infidel or irreligious, and afterwards be less 
likely to be impressed with what we believe correct 
religious truth than now, while they know they are 
getting an educational system from us more valued 
than that of any other nation, — while they are think- 
ing highly of us and of our institutions. There is 
much in * striking when the iron is hot.* At any rate 
this talk of retrenchment must be abandoned, and 
• Go forward * must be the watchword. The churches 
must be aroused from their slumbers, or abandon the 
name of Christian ; and on the present plan of no 
agents or few it must be done through the pastors, 
many of whom I fear, are not awake to their duty 
in this regard. Wife asks, • Is it not better to " Go 
forward," letting the debt he, if it must be so, and 
stop retrenchment talk and acts ! ' I shall try to do 
at least I500 soon to help ; and if I can by any 
means get any to join me I will do so, and leave it 
to you to use for debt or otherwise, as you judge 


" Storm the Fort" 



The Triennial Convention, afterwards changed to the Missionary Union, was organized in 1814. Tl* 1 
receipts for that year were ^1,239.26. A table of receipts for each tenth succeeding year will show-j 
the following increase : — 

Receipts for 18 14, 51,239.26. 

" 1824, 9,128.63, an 

increase of 57,889.37. 

1834, 23,941.20, 


" 1844, 62,062.29, 

" 38,121.09. 

1854, 114,4742, 

52,785. > 3. 

1864, 135,525-25, 


1874, 261,530.91, 

" 126,005.66. 

There were paid into the treasury during the 

1st decade $62,394.14. 

2d " 133,900.98, increase of 

571,506.84, or 115 per cent 

3d " 433,633.69, 

299,732.71, " 224 " 

4th " 884,525.88, 

450,892.19, " 104 " 

5th " 853,783.75 decrease of 

30,742.13, loss of 4 " 

6th " 1,88^,226.80, increase of i 

,020,44.'^. 1 4> increase of no " 

The receipts for the first three years of the 7th decade were 5749,498.78 ; at that ratio there will have 
been paid during the 7th decade 52,498,329.23. 

The total amount paid up to the 1st of April, 1876, was 55,000,964.11, or about one-sixth the sale of 
tobacco for a single year. 

During the 1st decade 17 missionaries, male and female, were sent to foreign lands. 





















Last three years 37, making a total, male and female, of 361. 
On the foreign field in connection with our Board there were, — 

In 1 814, 2 Missionaries, o Native Preachers, o Churches, 







1824, 8 


1834, 23 



1844, 79 



1854, 121 



1864, 76 



1874, 123 

































[Non. — Some of our readers will have read the following 
contribution to the columns of a recent issue of the ** Exam- 
iner and Chronicle: '* but for many others we reproduce it in 
the " Magazine."] 

This was the ringing watchword of a certain 
speaker at the last annual meeting of our Mission- 
ary Union. He had recentiy returned from nearly 
fifteen years of active work in the jungles of Bur- 
mah, and knew whereof he spoke. But possibly 

some of the veterans who have been holding the 
fort for many years, training the soldiers under 
their care for active warfare, and striving to with- 
stand the assaults of idolatry and superstition, felt 
somewhat aggrieved at the implication of the words. 
That the speaker, however, intended to advocate the 
abandonment of the old fortifications simply for the 
purpose of making new conquests is exceedingly 


Editorial Paragraphs. 



the last yeax or two there has been an in- 
g demand for more aggressive work on the 

the laborers in the field. This demand has 
mspicuous in 'the last two annual reports of 
fign secretary, and has been applied promi- 
to Burmah. There have been several causes 
iilate this demand. Notably such is the in- 
in the education of youth lately manifested 
British Government, and a consequent reviv- 
iterest in the same by the missionaries. The 
isual reader of the history of our mission- 
n Burmah since its commencement cannot 
tiave observed that missionary policy has vi- 

from one extreme to the other. It began 
e legitimate work of the great commission, 
caching the gospel. But as there arose a 
i for native agencies, the necessity of educa- 
Ls felt ; and attention to this increased till it 
)ught too much time was given to it. Then 
I reaction, brought about by the visit of a . 
tion from America, through whose influence 
ool expenses were reduced and many of the 
, were discontinued. At the present time 
eems to be a growng fear lest education is 
hccupying too prominent a place, and thereby 
ing with the preaching of the gospel. 


1 all warfare there must be a strong garrison 
the territory recovered from the enemy, and 
trained force with which to make new con- 
so in Christian warfare each department 
^ well supplied with means for its especial 
Christian effort in Burmah for the enlighten- 
md salvation of her sin-enslaved subjects is 
ous to the condition of a nation making pre- 
.ns for and carrying on war. 
It is the work to be done by the force now 
•ing tho Burman field? Is that force large 
1 to hold what has been gained and at the 
ime make those advances upon the enemy 
are so loudly demanded? 


wants of one field alone may be taken as a 
m in a general way for the wants of all. 
or example the Karen Mission at Maulmain. 
sing a strong, able-bodied missionary, thor- 

conversant with the language, was now on 
Id, how much aggressive work could he do ? 
t be remembered that this is one of the old- 
ision-stations. Here Judson labored. In his 
r by Dr. Wayland^there are frequent refer- 

ences to Karen villages which are now centres of 
Christian influence. At one time there were a num- 
ber of missionary families living on the Karen 
compound; but for many years there has been 
only one missionary, with sometimes a lady assistant, 
and very frequently an interregnum of one or more 
years, during which time the native pastors, under 
the able leadership of Rev. Pah-poo, have done the 
best they could. 

Roughly speaking, the Maulmain Karen field cov- 
ers an area of ten thousand square miles. According 
to the latest statistics, there were nearly sixty thou- 
sand Karens scattered over this area, and out of this 
nnmber less than one thousand Christians, divided 
among fifteen churches, and the most extreme of 
these in villages nearly one hundred miles apart. 
Allowing six persons to a family and ten families to 
a village, there would be a thousand villages to visit. 
If the missionary could visit one village a day, and 
could spend three hundred days in the year, it is 
easy to see that the gospel message could only be 
carried to each village once in three years. 

But some may ask. Do not the native Christians 
preach? Most certainly. From fifty to three hun- 
dred villages are annually visited by Karen pastors 
and teachers in the Maulmain district, who go out 
in true apostolic style, two by two, and take that sea- 
son ofthe year when the people, having finished the 
harvesting, are at leisure to listen to the truths of the 
gospel. But these itinerants always need some one 
to guide and direct them. It should be remembered, 
too, that a missionary must of necessity often be 
lawyer, doctor, teacher, banker, merchant, and archi- 
tect, as well as preacher, and keep a medical dis- 
pensary and a book depository into the bargain. 

The watchword above quoted is a good one for 
the missionary in the field, however faithfully he 
may be working. The soldier marching into the 
very jaws of death is still incited to more bravery 
by the stimulating orders of his commander. 


Is there not, however, a deep significance for 
those who are to supply the materials of war? 
Without this material assistance, it will be not only 
impossible to siorm the fort, but it will also be im- 
possible to hold the fort. While it is the Lord's 
work, yet he works by human instrumentalities. 
Let the treasury of the I^rd be filled ; let there be 
a more earnest, prayerful, conscientious, and intelli- 
gent sympathy for and co-operation with the sol- 
diers in the field by those who are at home, and 
there need be no fear that the sentiment of the 
watchword will not be fully carried out. 





MAINE, $io8.oi. 

Livennore Falls, ch., y, given on her death-bed by 

Mrs. Harriet Kecord, a.5o,per Rev. J. F. Eveleth; 
Damariscotu ch., mon. con. coll., 
Waldo Asso., No. Vassalboro', ch., per O. M. Stur- 

tevant, tr., 
Nobleboro', ist ch., 6.50; Rockland, xst ch., 75; 

Lewiston, xst ch.. 10.51; 
Coll. per Rev. W. S. NIcKenzie, Dist. Sec'y. Nor- 

way, Silas P. and Susan Somes, 

VERMONT, $13.00 

Johnson, th., a ; Williaxnstown, fr. Emma Bumham, x. 
East Charlotte, fr. H. D. Hodge, 


Maiden, xst ch., per Wm. Mann, tr., 
Newton Centre, ch., Dwieht Chester, tr., 
Roslindale,ch.,5.o6; W. Somerville, fr. Miss Emma 

Teele, 4.X0; 
BtUerica, ch., 7; Waltham, Judaon Miss. Soc, W. 

S. Draper, tr., xa.50: 
Clinton, xst ch., for sup. nat. pr. among the Teloo- 

goos, care J. £. Cloueh, 
Beverly, xst ch., aso; Medford, xst ch., 15: Hoi- 

yoke, xstch., 17; 
Merrimac River Asso., Chelmsford, xst ch., S. F. 
- Snell, tr., 

W. Dedham, ch. S. S.. per W. W. Baker, tr., 
Bellingharo, ch., T. T. Massay, tr., xx : Framingham, 

ch., per E. Hemenway, tr., 56; Marlboro', a 

friend, per Rev. J. T. Burhoc, x: 
Marshfield, xst ch., Mrs. A. Sherman. 
Salem Asso., addl, per Miss M. E. Clark, 

RHODE ISLAND, $156.38. 

Providence, G. D. Wilcox. M.D., 

CoU. per Rev. W. S. McKenzie, Dist. Sec'y, Provi- 
dence, xst ch., mon. con. coll., 93.38; Stewart-st. 
ch., 18; 

Lonsdale, ch., 

CONNECTICUT, $186.85. 

Mptic River, Rev. W. H. Randall, 5: Mrs. L. M. 

Randall, 5; 
Hartford, xst ch., 160.85; Andrew Clark, 5; No. 

Ashford, xx; 

NEW YORK. $783.53. 

Hamilton, Soc. of Miss. Inq. of Madison University, 
W. L. Cronkhite, tr., 

Weedsport, Mrs. Olivia Morehouse, 

New-York Tabernacle ch. S. S., for sup. nat. pr., 
caic Mrs. C. B. Thomas, Henthada, 

Chenango Amo., T. H. Prentice, tr., 

CoU. per Rev. O. Dod^^ Dist. Sec'v, Southern N. 
Y. Asso. , Colgate Mission sch. , to dc used by Mrs. 
C. B. Thomas for the Karens, 50; Mt. Vernon 
ch. in part, 6^38; 

Duchess Asso., So. Dover, ch., 37.70; Pawling, Cen- 
tral ch., in part, 6^ 

Long-Island Asso., T. H. BuUen, 

New York, L. W. Cronkhite, 

Coll. per Rev. G. H. Brigham, DisL Sec.y, Alle- 
ghany Asso., Whitesville, ch., 

FrankUn Asso., S. B. Fitch, tr., 

Munroe Asso., Greene, ch., 

Stuben Asso., Dundee, ch., 

A friend of missions, 1.41; G. H. B., 40; 

NEW JERSEY, $9a7x. 

Con. per Rev. O. Dmige, Dist SecV, East N.J. 
Asso., Westfieki, ch. in part, ; S. R. Beebe, 


North N.J. Asso., Sherman-av. ch. in part, 3.50; 

Dcmarest, ch. in part, 9: 
CoU. per Rav. J. V. Ambler, Dist. SecV Jac6ba- 

town, ch., 17.50; Freochtown, ch., 35; Mt. Hol- 

ky, ch-, 30; 



$7 50 
5 «> 

3 00 

93 ox 


3 <» 
xo 00 

140 76 
178 00 

9 16 

X9 50 

50 00 

383 00 

31 86 
XO 00 

68 00 

5 00 

30 00 
XXX 38 

15 00 

xo 00 

176 85 

93 35 

8 00 

xoo 00 
56 81 

"4 38 










«3 94 





37 ax 
la 50 

51 00 

10.56; 3d ch., 78.04; Holmesburg, ch., 30.04; 

Norristown, ch., 37.36; 
Wyoming Asso , 
Wheeling Asso. , 
West Springfield, ch., 4x0; Union ch., Pittsburg, 5; 

DELAWARE, $.70. 

Wilmington, I. B. Murray, for miss, work care Rev. 
J. R. Haswell, Maulmain, Burmah, 

* OHIO, $397. 

Qeveland, xst ch. S.S., for sup Joising, Garo pr. <aue 
Rev. M. Bronson, Gowhati, Assam, G. B. Chria- 
tian, tr.. 

Coll. per Rev. Thomas Allen, Dist. Sec'y> Ashtabu- 
la Asso., Mrs. L. Andress, 3; Miss Maggie An- 
dress, x ; ^ 

Anglaise Asso., Lima, of wh. xo is fr. Mrs. G. Day, 
for Brother McKibben, 

Cleveland Asso , Painesville, ch., 

Huron Asso.,*Norwalk, ch., 

Lorain Asso., Oberlin. ch.. 

Mad River Auo., Bethel, S. S., 

Mauinee Asso^ Wauseon, ch. bal., 

Miami Asso , Cincinnati, Ninth-st. ch. (of wh. 35 is 
fr. S. S. for sup. nat. pr.), 

Zanesville Asso., Adams Township, ch.. 3.75 ; Zanes- 
ville, xst ch. (of wh. 13.50 is fr. a. S. for nat. pr.), 

INDIANA, $105.11. 

Union Asso., Washington, ch.. 

Coll. per Rev S. M. Stimson, Dist. SecV, Bedford 

Asso , Bloomington, ch., 3; Mrs. Dr. Moss, 10; 
Logansport Asso., Sevastopol, (^eo. H. Hutchiiu, a; 

Peru, ch , 15.50; 
Fort Wayne Asso., Rev. R. P. Jones, 
Northern Indiana Asso ^ Laport, ch., 
White Lick Asso., Plamfield, ch., 4.85; Clayton, 

ch., 8.57; Amo, ch., X0.60; 
Friendship Asso^ Brazil, ch.. 
Freedom Asso , Friendly Grove, ch., 3.40; (joahea, 

ch., 5.35; 
Curry Prsurie Asso., Hutsonville, ch., 

Coll. at Sute con. in Richmond, 

ILLINOIS, $333.49. 

Payson, ch. S. S., for Sar Dalca P. Kav, nau pr., 
care Kev. R. EU Neighbor, Noweon^, Assam, ^ 

Alton, xst ch. (of wh. 15 is for Bible dist. in foreign 
lands), D. D. Ryrie. tr., 

Coll. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Disu Sec'y> Bloom- 
fiela Asso., Paris, ch.. 


Champaign, Mrs. Mar^ R. Pratt, 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y> Bloom- 
ington Asso., Miaouk,ch. (ol wh. 3.75isir. S.S.), 
ao.35; German ch., 4-93; 

Chicago Asso., Bloomingdale^ Bro. Dunning, x; 
Chicago, xst Swedes' ch. S. S. cbus. No. x, 3.35: 
3d ch. in part, xr; 

Fox-River Asso., Bristc^, Mrs. Griswold, x ; Chica- 

•» «5: _ . . _ 

ston, ch. (of wh. xo from sisters is for a gong for 
Mrs. Ingalls), 15; Gardner, ch. 8; Sandwich, 
ch., 34.30; 

Ottawa Asso., Amboy, a friend of missiosu, 

Peoria Asso., Kewanee, S. Bennett, 

Salem Asso., Betmadotte, ch. in pa«t, 8; Bushnell, 
Dr. J. R. Kay, 5; Farmen' Township, ch. in 
pan, 13; MacombjM* F. Winakm, 5; 

184 tt 


60 oa 


3t 10 
II 30 
ao 00 

49 S» < 

8a 00 


7 n 

xa 00 

17 s«> 



34 oa 

• n 


7 SS 

x6 6o 

30 00 

39 as 

X oo 
•a 35 

17 50 
6 00 

a5 t8 

"9 96 

35 00 

5 00 

31 00 




[donations OONTINUFX).] 


Rev. S. M. Sdmson. Dist. Sec y, Hillsdale 

CotdwatcTp Steven Gates, 5 00 

ravii Asso.. Travis City ch.. 3 75 

ksso., sent without names of chs., 30 00 
h Valley Asso.. Myra and Amelia Rhine- 

8 00 

th River Asso , Niles, ch., 12 35 

IOWA, $17.80. 

Rev. C F. Tolman. Dist. Sec'y. Daven- 
sso., Clarence, Mrs.j. Wiehtman, 5 00 

Asso , Maqueket, Rev. N. F. Hoyt. 

liver Asso., Sigoumey, ch., 
ton Asso.. Washington, a suter, 

MIS.<;OURI, $13. 

n, Mrs. S. L. Robinson, 

g, fier W. A. Dudley, 

6 00 



ch., for miss, work, care Mrs. C. B. Thom- 

ithada, Bunnah, 8 00 

hs, it. Ja*. T. Irley, tow. sup. Dr. Brown. 5 00 

^ 00 

I 00 


Rev. Thomas Allen, Dist. Sec'y» Goshen 

John Williams, s 00 

MINNESOTA, $3495. 

I. Holland, i 00 

Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y, Central 

Bath Freeborn Co., Danish ch., 35 00 

X Asso., Northfield, ch.. 8 95 

WISCONSIN, $19.60. 

Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y, Dodge 

Baraboo, ch. con coll., 3 10 

: Asso., De Soto, ch., 3 40 
re Asso., Union Grove, xst Scandinavian 

8 10 

t Asso., Geneva, Mrs. Lewis, i 00 

«. German Baptist Y. M. Asso.. 5 00 

KANSAS, $13,55- 

Rev. C. F. Tolman. Dist. Sec'y, Cato, 
on. coll., 3.80; Mission Creek, ch. (of 


Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist Sec*y, Ashland, 
ch.. 7 00 

CALIFORNIA, $53.38. 

San Francisco, ist ch. (of wh. aa u fr. pastor. F« 

B. Hulbert, and 28 fr* Sunday coll.), jo 00 

Eastern Bap. Asso., Cedarville, per J. C. Brown. 

tr, ^ 3-38 


Greeley, ch., per Rev. W. S. McKenxie, xa.50 

SWEDEN, $222.89. 

Stockholm, Sunday coll., per Mr. P. Palinquist, 
731.35 crowns, or $x95.o3, and exch., •93.89 

FRANCE, $x,473. 

Paris, Bap. ch., frs. 35X4.5X ; other chs. in France 
and oiner sources, frs, 44x5: frs. 69a«.5x, or 
$ 1, 288.88 and exch. per account Mr. A. Dea, Oct. 

I. X876, ^ X.473 «» 

BURMAH, $389.26. 

Toungoo local coll. for Rev. E. B. Cross's sch.. 
per hU account of 1875-6. Rs. 761 3-6 and each., $389 26 

Donation in goods, i box medidne fr. P. Davis & 
Son, Providence, R.I., for the Rangoon Biission, 


North Livermore, Me., Ann Chandler, per 
S. D. Washburn, exec'r, _ 687 34 

$5,310 70 

Haverhill, Mass., PrecilU Wingate (Chas. 
'igate, exec'r). oer Rev. G. W. 
worth, D.D., 


50 00 

Wingate, exec'r), per Rev. 

worth, D.D., 
Athol. Mass., Moses BrigM (Eunice Briggs, 

exec'r). per Rev. S. ETFay in part, 300 00 

Southbndge, Mass., John Edwards, by tnis- 

tees of xst Bap. Soc. of do., per Rev. H. H. 

Rhees, 35 «> 

Brewster, Mass., Desire Crowell, per A. 

Nickerson^ec'r^ too 00 

(Jhevoit, 0.,I>ea. Richard Ckiines, per D. T. 

Stathem, agent, 50 00 

Greenfield, O.. Mary Voss, per Thomas M. 

Boyd, exec'r, xoo 00 

La Grange C^ Ind., Cxoodsell Gregory, per 

Rev. C F. loUnan, bal., 379 00 

$».7o» 34 

$7,oxa 04 
Donations and legacies fr. Apnl x to Nor. x, 1876, 36,391 87 

S is fr. S. S. and 5 fr. Mrs. Little) 9.75: 13 55 Donations and legacies fr. April z, to Dec. i, 1876, $43,403 94 


Rooms, Tremont Temple, Boston.* 

CoRRKSFONDiNG SECRETARY, Rev. J. N. MURDOCK, D.D.. to whom letters relating to home work and 
t!be Union should be addressed. 

Treasurer, FREEMAN A. SMITH, Esq., to whom letters conuining money for the general treasury shoald h» 
addressed: also letters relating to Wills. Drafts, Checks, and Postal Money Orders, except for the publications, shoald be dnHn 
in his lavor. Friends wishing to forward goods to missionaries through the Treasurer, should send him by mail a sdieduk of tki . 
contents and valuation of the package, with express or railroad receipt. 


New England District. — Rev. W. S. McKbnzib, D.D., Tremont Temple, Boston. 

Hudson-River District. — Rev. O. Dodge, 8 Murray Street, New York. 

New-York Central District. — Rev. Geo. H. Brigham, 94 South Salina Street, Syracuse, N.Y. 

Southern District. — Rev. J. Y. Amblek, 1430 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 

Middle District. — Rev. Thomas Allen, Dayton, O. 

Lake District. — Rev, S. M. Stinson, D.D., Terre Haute, Ind. 

North- Western District. — Rev. C. F. Touman, 71 Randolph Street, Chicago. 


Mrs. Alvah Hovey, Cor. Sec, Newton Centre. Mrs. J. M. S. Williams, Treas. Tremont Temple, Boston. 
Mrs. a. M. Bacon, Cor. Sac., Dundee, 111. Mrs* C. R. Blackall, Treas., 6z Washington Street, Chicago. 

Woiq^'^ Skpti^t Mi^^ioiikfy godiety of tl^e Vkitiiic CJok^t. 

Mrs. F. M. Conro, Cor. Sec , San Francisco. Mrs. M* £. Wattson, Treas., San Franckco. 


I also give and bequeath to The American Baptist Missionary Union dollars, for the purposes of the Unioa, m 

specified in the Act of Incorporation. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum In the Treasutcr of dM 
said Union, their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in the Act of Tncoiporation. 


I also give, bequeath, and devise to The American Baptist Missionary Union, one certain lot of land with tbe buiU- 
ngs tberean standing [Mere describe ike premises with exactness aud pariicHlarity'\ , to be held and possessed by the Mnat 
Union* their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in the Act of Incorporation. 


Can be mailed direct from any Post-Office in the United States, at the following rates per half-ounce : -~ 

BuRMAH, Assam, Madras, xo cents, via Brindisi, Southampton, or Gempan Mail. 

Japan, and Ningpoo, China, via California, 5 cents. 

SWatow, China, xo cents. 

Banxok, Siam, via Southampton, 27 cents, and 31 cents via Brindisi. 

European Lbttbrs, 5 cents. 

Frkodt whomay-pttStx to forward their letters through the Missionary Rooms can enclose them, with the postage, m M 
eavmiope directed to F. A, Smith, Treasuttr, Treniont Templet Boston, wVio will mail them with the official corresponieaoe. 





Vol, LVIL— FEBRUARY, 1877.— No. 2. 


Tbksb things are indispensable to a successful prosecution of Christian missions 
in pagan lands: i, Missionaries; 2, Money; 3, Prayer, We are instructed by the 
Great Teacher to seek the Lord in prayer for the laborers needed. '^ The harvest 
truly is plenteous, but the laborers are few. Pray ye therefore the Lord of the har- 
\'est, that he will send forth laborers into his harvest." But the Lord's people must 
pro\'ide the means requisite to sustain the men and women whom the Lord sum- 
mons into his sennce, and sends into the great harvest-field. Those laborers may be 
eminently endowed with the qualifications necessary for the work to which they are 
divinely called ; they may have physical healdi and strengtli, intellectual capacity, 
thorough culture, varied knowledge, ardent desire for the salvation of souls, solid 
and devout piety, vigorous faith, great moral courage, a resolute will, and a fixed 
purpose. But these endowments can not take the place or supply the lack of money. 
They who go forth into distant lands as the messengers of Christ to lost men must be 
provided with the pecuniary means necessary' to sustain them in tlieir missionary 
toils. They who do not go must give to support those who do go. Give, not 
merely to pay the passage and to provide for the temporal support of those who go 
into the foreign field, but give for establishing schools, building sanctuaries, trans- 
lating and printing the Scriptures, making and publishing religious books and tracts 
for gratuitous circulation, sending out and supporting native preachers, with all 
other agencies essential to aggressive and efficient operations for overthrowing the 
s\'Stems and forces of idolatry-, and for evangelizing the nations of the earth. 

But with money must be associated persistent, earnest, effectual prayer. Prayer 
not merely by the men and women sent into the field, but by the people of the Lord 
who remain at home. In no Christian labor, whether at home or abroad, can success 
be achieved without prayer ; but for missionary work, amid the stubborn difficulties 
encountered on heathen shores, there must be special supplication for the blessing of 
God. They who have not money to give can do much to aid die cause by regular 
ind Mmest intercessions at the throne of grace. It is to be feared that in this one 

28 How Stands The Case? [Februaiy, 

respect there is too little giving to the cause of missions. Even those who give their 
silver and gold do not always lay their pecuniary offerings on God's altar with 
prayer. Too many regard their contributions as made to help a struggling mission- 
ary society, and not as a means to extend the kingdom of God in the earth. Such 
are not very likely to pray for the success of Christian missions in foreign lands. 


The first nine months of the last fiscal year, the Missionary Union received in 
donations and legacies $61,613.54; ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ months of the present year^ 
only $48,717.68 from the same sources, making a difference of $12,895.86. If we 
add to the receipts of last year those derived from the special appeal for a '^Fourth of 
July Offering," tne whole amount received for the first nine months of that year will 
be $66,053.49, against $48,717.68, during the first nine months of this year, making 
the falling-off $i7»335-8i. That is a rather discouraging exhibit. It does not pro- 
mote the comfort or remove the anxiety of the friends of the Union to be told, that 
such a result was to be anticipated as inevitable in these times of wide-spread busi- 
ness depression. Is not the falling-off in receipts a little too much for even these 
hard times? Too much, indeed, for the welfare of our missions. The strain, if 
continued to the end of the year (March 31, 1877), will be more than the work in 
hand can endure. Melancholy consequences must certainly follow if the shrinkage 
of donations goes on for the remaining three months of the year in proportion to 
that of the first nine months. 

But is the large and disastrous decrease in the receipts of the Union an inevii<Me 
result of the tioies? Is it not charging too much upon tlie unfavorable condition of 
the business of the country ! Is it not to be feared that many are justifying them- 
selves in not giving for the cause of missions by the plea of hard times, whose 
real ability to give, the hard times have not seriously affected? We know full well, 
and sincerely deplore the fact, that some who have been generous contributors to 
the treasury of the Union are so completely crippled in their business pursuits that 
it is simply impossible for them to do as they would gladly do for the cause they 
ardently love. 

But we assert, without fear of successful contradiction, that, notwithstanding the 
hard times, — which it can not be denied have sadly disabled the res')urces of many 
generous donors to the cause of missions, — there is yel in our Baptist churches an 
abundance of means to relieve the burdens of the Union ; that all the funds needed 
to meet the pledges made to its mission-fields for this year coi^ld be supplied without 
imposing the least sacrifice upon a single individual within the ranks of Baptist 
churches ; that the money which wilt be squandered before the close of the present 
fiscal year of the Union by Christians^ even by those Christians who are in very 
moderate circumstances, would provide more thanj sufficient to answer all the 
requirements of the fields occupied and the work attempted in each mission, 
together with the liquidation of the debt of $30,000 and upwards now resting on the 

1877.] A Remarkable Example. 29 

Such statements, made in these days when the very air is ringing with the cry of 
hard times, may seem to be too sweeping. But facts can be cited that will entirely 
▼indicate the statements from the charge of rashness and extravagance. Take the 
Christian men of our churches, whose expenditures for some simple indulgences for 
the next three months could be saved without sacrifice or c'ifficulty to them, and ask 
them to give that amount to missions. Take the Christian women whose outlay 
in the same time for mere personal ornaments to gratify taste could be avoided with 
scarcely any self-denial, certainly without any detriment to their persons or the 
piety, and let them give the amount thus hoarded. Then let the wealthy Christian 
men and women, who could double and quadruple their customary donations to mis 
sums without involving any sensible diminution in the sum-total of their large, safely- 
invested and yearly-augmenting fortunes. Let the thousands and tens of thousands 
in very humble circumstances simply guard and save the cents and dimes which in 
die course of ninety days will slip from their fingers for — they know not what. 
In all this we preach nothing of self-denial, nothing of sacrifice. No one is exhorted 
to deprive himself of anything really necessary to his well-being and happiness. 
And from these resources aA7/f^ enough, nay, an abundance, will flow into the treas- 
ury of the Union to carry forward its entire work with ease, vigor, and success. 

Then must the cause of missions in heathen lands inevitably suffer because of these 
hard times? No\ Such a result is not inevitable. To thousands and tens of thou- 
sands we must say the hard times will not be a sufficient excuse before God ^or your 
neglect to sustain the work he has laid before you and upon you. If so many of us 
can bear a part in this work, even in these trying times, without subjecting ourselves 
to any extraordinary economy, without encountering a single thing that can be truly 
called a self-denial, without depriving oui*selves, or those dependent on us, of any- 
thing essential to our health and true happiness, then we can not refuse to bear our 
part with impunity. 


We call attention to a remarkable example of liberality, because there are so many 
churches who are just now pleading their poverty as an excuse for putting aside the 
claims of Christian beneficence. They are intending to withhold in these hard timas 
their customary contributions to the work of foreign missions, and to the work of all 
other missionary enterprises. In response to every call made for a donation, they 
silence the call with the one word ^'^ poverty.** The case of remarkable liberality to 
which we refer has already been put on record by an inspired author, but we will 
quote it. It is not as you, reader, are beginning to suspect, that of the widow whose 
act our Lord extols ; but it is that of some churches planted by the Apostle Paul in 
Macedonia, at Philippi, at Berea, and at Thessalonica, and which, though poor and 
persecuted mission-churches located in the midst of heathen communities, made 
generous donations for the impoverished Christians dwelling at Jerusalem. The 
record is found in 2 Cor. viii. i and following verses. No translation we have yet 
read brings out the deep and vigorous meaning of the apostle's language. The 
phraseology of Paul is very strong, because the generosity of these Macedonian Chris- 
tians is truly wonderful. 

so A RetnarkabU Example. [Febmaiy, 

The best rendering, we think, yet given of the original is that by Conybeare and 
Howson ; and that is the rendering we cite. It is as follows : " I desire, brethren, to 
make known to you the manifestation of God*s grace^ which has been given in the 
churches of Macedonia. For in the heavy trial which has proved their steadfastness, 
the fullness of their joy has overflowed^ out of the depth of their poverty^ in the 
richness of their liberality. They have given (I bear them witness) not only 
according to their meansj but beyond their means^ and that of their own free witt^ 
for they besought me with much entreaty that they might bear their fart in the 
grace of ministering to Christ s people.*^ 

We have italicised such words and clauses as reveal the striking features in the 
liberality of tliese Macedonian Christians. Return to the description, and mark well 
these striking features. 

That liberality, in the first place, was a manifestation of God's grace. It resem- 
bled the divine liberality, as set forth in the same chapter and in these words, " For 
you know tlie grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, how, though he was rich, yet for our 
sakes he became poor, tliat you by his poverty might be made rich." (As translated 
by Conybeare and Howson.) 

Again. The fullness of their joy overflowed although they were in great trials ; and 
that overflowing joy incited and evinced Christian benevolence. It led them to be gen- 
erous in tlieir liberality though they were poor. They were abundant in joy ; and being 
full to overflowing of joy, though in the very lowest stages of poverty, out of the depth 
of their poverty they found something to give in answer to the calls of Christian 
benevolence. Genuine, joyful piety will find something to give away out of the 
deepest poverty. True piety will open the heart to conti'ibute liberally. It is not 
poverty that is going to keep some of our poor and struggling churches from givii^ 
to missions in tliesc hard times, but a lack of deep and fervent piety. They do not 
need more pecuniary strength to put them on the list of contributing churches, to 
enable them to imitate and manifest the grace of God, as that grace shines fortli in 
the divine Son becoming poor to enrich others ; but what they need more than wealth 
is a true and hearty consecration to the Lord and his cause. This gained, the giving 
is sure to follow, if giving is required. And the giving which comes out of deep 
poverty is more Christian, more Christ-like, than that which proceeds from aflluence. 

Again. The Macedonian Qiristians, as Paul bears them witness, did not measure 
their offerings by their means. They went beyond their means. Nor were they 
aroused and enticed into this large liberality by powerful arguments and pathetic 
appeals from Paul. No description of suffering excites natural sympathy. No cry 
oif pinching want, no story of heroic endurance, brought them with gifts to the altar 
of Christian beneficence. They went beyond their means of their own free will. A 
Christian actuated by the spirit of a true piety will not only be a liberal giver but a 
voluntary g^ver. Such an one will act on principle and not on impulse. 

Again. These Macedonian Christians besought Paul with much entreaty that he 

would permit them — to do what? To bear their part in the grace of ministering 

to Christ's people ! Noble generosity ! Astonishing piety ! Paul does not beseech 

them with much entreaty to bear their part in the churches' work. They entreat 

A/jn to Jet them do their part What if the members of modem Christian churches 


Missionary Jottings in China. 


thould appeal to their pastors in that way? Now the pastor, or some missionary 
secretary, by every argument and appeal he can discover and apply, must beff the 
members of our churches to do their part in sustaining the enterprises of Christian 
beneficence. Oh, if only each church would bear its part ! Tliat part may be very 
small. But that being accepted and sustained with the promptness and cordiality 
which a genuine piety dictates, how speedily and plentifully would the treasury of 
die Lord be supplied with the means requisite for the cause of missions, both at home 
and abroad ! 

Once more. These Macedonian Christians counted the part they had to bear not 
as a duty, irksome and offensive, to be got through with and out of the way, but as 
a iavor to be coveted. They wanted to bear their part in the grace of ministering 
to Christ s people. It was a precious privilege. They would have and enjoy such 
a privilege even though they were in great trials, even though in great poverty. It 
was hard lot enough to be in tribulation and in deep poverty. But it were a harder 
lot to be deprived of the opportunity to bear a part in the grace of ministering to 
Christ's people. 

Surely this case of liberality among those early churches in pagan lands is in 
every aspect of it very remarkable. Is it not deserving of study by the scores and 
hundreds of modem churches which are in these hard times refusing to make 
contributions for the support of God's cause, as it appeals to them in the work of 


If every Christian £unily in the land would 
deny themselves to the extent of a pound of tea 
per year, a pound of sugar per week, and would 
retrench <{nly a little in the use of such luxuries 
as coSkt and butter and silks and laces and 
the like, the Lord's treasury would be full to 
medkxmng even in these hard times. When 
Qiristians exercise self-denial, the word of the 
Lord wiU run very swiftly, till it encompasses 
the ends of the earth and sheds its light on 
goal that liveth. For want of this self- 

denial the board of one of our largest denomi- 
nations is obliged to announce to the people 
for whom it acts, *'We dare not act till the 
treasury b replenished ; ^ and another declares, 
** We have been forced to postpone all appro- 
priations until the mind and will of the church 
can be known." This is bringing the responsi- 
bility directly home to every one who professes 
and calls himself a Christian, and places it 
where it properly belongs. — InttUigincer, 



I BAVK.just returned from a Vrip to Kek 
Rhoi, Kit-ie. and Kue Snia. The former place 
is in a r^;ion where the Bible-women have been 
lor some time at work, and where Mr. Part- 
lidge has lately rented a chapel and stationed a 
oadve preacher. There is great encouragement 
to «wk there ; and the cause of the interest 
aoaiferted la ihego^d im somewlut singular. 

A Strange Prophecy. — Some thirty years 
ago, a widow died there ; and as her body did not 
become quite cold, she was not put in a coffin, 
and after seven days she came to life again. 
After this she worshipped no idols, but estab- 
lished an altar in her house, and worshipped 
only the great heavens. SViit \aM^\. ^ XkKW ^wr 
trine, and many came and tmo\\^ >aQ!Oci ^d&»s 


Missionary Jottings in China. 


own names and those of their dead friends 
among her disciples. She said that thereafter 
foreigners would come and be the brethren and 
sisters of her people ; that they would teach in 
completeness the doctrine which she taught but 
imperfectly ; that she was as a lizard in a well, 
with scarce room to spread her claws, but that 
they would be as birds that flew fas and spread 
news widely ; that a foreign lady would build a 
house with an upper story, glass windows, and 
a veranda, where women would be taught, sing 
hymns, and answer questions, and that this 
house would have one side toward the moun- 
tains and one toward the sea ; that there were 
to be seven days of darkness preceding a 
judgment-day, — a time when there should be 
clothes and none who wanted them, rice and 
none to eat it, roads and none to walk them ; 
that in the judgment-day a Saviour would de- 
scend from heaven to judge all, and those who 
had believed in him would receive a crown; 
that after the judgment there would be a new 
heaven and a new earth, where none would be 
sad or sick. Great numbers of the people be- 
came her adherents ; and she was, after some 
five years, executed as a disturber of the peace. 
A Cordial Reception. — Whether she had 
from some tract or traveller obtained a hint of 
Christian doctrine, or whether, when in her 
trance, she received prophetic insight, cannot 
now be known. But when the Bible-women 
went there, their report was received as the 
fulfilment of a known prophecy; and many 
women said to them, *'We have been wauting 
these twenty years to hear this." The Bible- 
women tell me they meet with cordial reception 
in all the villages there ; and when I went to*the 
villages all the women came out and stood in 
rows on the sides of the narrow streets, and 
looked at me as I passed with a quiet interest 
which was very remarkable. 

A Strange Sight. — From Kek Kho, I went 
to Linden chapel at Kue Snia, where a hun- 
dred and six persons attended the service on 
Sunday. During the week throngs of people 
were constantly passing the chapel to go to 
a festival in the next village. One of the na- 
tives of that village was supposed to be pos- 
sessed by the spirit of one of the gods. He 
climbed a ladder, the rounds of which were 
made of sharp knives; he washed himself in 

boiling oil ; he walked barefoot on a bed or 
burning coals ; he was carried in a chair driven 
full of sharp nails ; he broke dishes, and widi 
the fragments cut the end of his tongue, and 
with the blood that flowed wrote charms to be 
posted on the doorposts, or worn in a bag at 
the neck, as a protection against evil spirits. 
If he cut his feet on the ladder, or bumfld 
them on the coals, the reason given was that 
some one who had lately borne a male child, or 
married a wife, had looked at him. Twelve 
theatres were called to perform ; and the sound 
of their gongs and drums continued all day and 
night. These grave orgies were carried on for 
seven days and nights. A forest of bamboo 
poles, each supporting a lantern, waved over 
the village ; and it was estimated that ten thou- 
sand dollars were spent in the entertainment of 

The Effects of the Festival. — These 
seasons are considered very fisital to animals ; 
and many die beside those slain for food. A 
pig belonging to one of our Christian women 
in this village fell sick ; and as the wel£ue of 
her family during the winter depended much on 
the life of the pig, she at once came to the 
chapel to ask me to pray for it. I had gone 
with the native preacher to another village ; but 
some of the women were at the chapel, and 
united in prayer that the pig might not die. 
The next morning the woman came with the 
joyful report that the pi^ was well. 

Compliance and Refusal. — When the fes- 
tival was past, a levy was made on all the in- 
habitants of the village to pay for it. We 
have eight church-members in that village, and 
five of them at once gave way to the fear of 
the certain persecution which would follow their 
resistance of the custom, and paid the amount 
assessed. Three told the collectors that they 
did not desire the blessing of the gods ; that 
they worshipped another God, against whom 
they should sin if they paid money for the 
support of idol-worship, and that, though they 
should be killed in consequence, they dare 
not offend their God. 

Martyrs. — These three came to the chapel, 
and we talked over Matt. v. lo, and prayed that 
their faith might not fail ; and then they went 
back to a real, though slow martyrdom. Among 
these three was the woman whose pig had been 


Foreign Missions in 1776, 


jnjcd for. We have got to have quiet native 
Dartjrs here; and this woman seems to be 
steadily passing on toward the stake. 

Another Chapel in Prospect. — As an out- 
Urowth from the Linden chapel, which is now 
too fall for comfort, the brethren there propose 
boilding another chapel three miles distant and 
nearer some of their homes at Pe Tha. One 
of the members will give the ground and his 
time to the work of building. Others have 
promised to make up one-half the sum of mon- 
ey required, if I will provide the other half. 
I have acceded to their request, and am hope- 
ful that their part of the project may be accom- 

Perhaps this is the beginning of an answer 
to the Bible-women^s favorite prayer, that there 
may be a chapel every three miles all over Ke 



Probably few persons are aware that one 
hundred years ago the idea of a mission to 
Guinea, on the west coast of Africa, was seri- 
ously entertained by some persons of note in the 
American colonies. As there were '* reformers 
before the Reformation,'' so there were men in 
whom the missionary spirit was strong long 
before the era of the modern missionary enter- 
prise. No less distinguished characters in the 
Puritan churches of New England than Ezra 
Stiles and Samuel Hopkins wrote a communi- 
cation over their joint signature, which was 
published in the *' Massachusetts Spy" for 
July 10 and 17, 1776, addressed to the minis- 
ters of the gospel in Worcester County, calling 
•attentioQ to this subject. They state that 
"there are two negro men, members of the 
frst Congregational Church in Newport, on 
Rhode Island, named Bristol Gamma and 
Jokn Quamitu, who were hopefully converted 
lour years ago, and have from that time sus- 
tained a good character as Christians, and have 
made good proficiency in Christian knowl- 
edge." . These men are further described as 
about thirty ye^irs of age, of good natural 
ities; are apt, steady, and judicious, and 
eir nation's language, the language of 

a numerous, potent nation in Guinea, to which 
they belong." The address also states that 
" they are not only willing but very desirous 
to quit all worldly prosperity and risk their 
lives in attempting to open a door for the propa- 
gation of Christianity among their poor, igno- 
rant, and perishing heathen brethren." 

Previous contributions, it seems, had been 
received in response to some private appeals to 
aid in the education of these men, and also to 
help one of them to complete the purchase of 
his freedom. More money is asked for in the 
communication referred to to support them 
until they had an opportunity to go to Guinea, 
"to furnish them with necessaries for their 
voyage and mission ; to set up schools to teach 
the youth and children, if a way shall open for 
this; and for any other services to promote 
this important design as God in his providence 
shall point out the way." The hope is ex- 
pressed that the undertaking, ** though small 
in its beginning, may issue in something very 
great, and open a way to the happiness and 
salvation of multitudes ; yea, of many nations 
who are now in the most miserable state, ready 
to perish in the darkness of heathenism." The 
fact is recognized, in conclusion, that some 
might think the time when the colonies were 
just on the eve of a struggle for life with the 
mother country was an inopportune one in 
which to urge such an undertaking. But the 
writers turn the condition of public affairs into 
an additional reason for endeavoring to extend 
the blessings of civil and religious liberty to 
those who were destitute of them on the part 
of a people who so highly prized them as to 
sacrifice what the American people were then 
sacrificing to secure them. 

The whole address is in a lofty tone of relig- 
ious zeal and missionary enthusiasm. It is 
interesting as showing that the minds of men 
were turning to Africa as a missionary field, 
and that the idea of evangelizing that coimtry 
by means of her own children was entertained 
more than a century ago. The speedy com- 
mencement of hostilities with England no 
doubt caused the interest that began to be 
awakened to languish and finally die out alto- 
gether. The poverty of the country during 
and after the war of the Revolution, and espe- 
cially the formality and worldliness which 


Hentliada RtvisiUd. 


accompanied the return of protperity, suffi- 
ciently explain the neglect of the duty of the 
church to evangelize the world which prevailed 
until the early part of this century. 

The authors of the paper alluded to express 
the conviction that the proposed mission, if 
carried on, would prove an efficient means of 
checking the African slave-trade with its ** dread- 
fill and horrid attendants/^ But in this, as in 
many other things, it has been seen that the 
wishes and hopes of the best of men are often 
disappointed. Slavery, instead of yielding to 
such influences and passing peaceably away, 
lived on, surviving the Revolution, threatening 
the dissolution of the republic, grown strong in 
power, until at last it was burned out* by the 
flames of civil war. 

The argument which these early friends of 
missions to the heathen used a century ago is 
of weight still: viz., **the duty of all who 
pray * Thy kingdom come ' to contribute liber- 
ally to forward the attempt to send the glorious 
gospel of the blessed God to the nations who 
worship £ilse gods, and dwell in the habitation 
of cruelty and the land of the shadow of 
death. ^ The salvation of Africa, the seat of 
ancient and powerful civilizations, the scene 
of nameless barbarities, the home of the gross- 
est fetichism, and the land of mystery and 
death, seems still distant in the future. But 
the promise is sure, and on it we build our 

hope, '* Ethopia shall stretch cot her ban 
God.^ And when Africans redemption a 
it will come through her own disenthn 
regenerated children. 


One thing at least can be done among a 
churches. Christians can offer more and 
fervent prayer in the closet, in the £uni 
the monthly concert, in the pulpit. It is p< 
to hear ministers of Christ go through wit 
whole sabbath service in their churches 
but very slight, sometimes without any allu 
even in prayer, to the wants of that whoU i 
for which Christ died, for whose enlighten 
and salvation he commissioned his apo 
instituted a church, and appointed a min 
If all ministers and all Christians woulc 
remember and ever realize the great pu 
for which they have been redeemed, bo 
the Spirit, made disciples of Christ and he 
heaven, — namely, that they may be '* th< 
of the earth,'^ **the light of the warld,'^ 
through»their efforts the world may be sav< 
surely there would be more and more effi 
prayer, and then soon more general, 
earnest, more successful dSott, -^ Missu 



Praykks Answered and Hopes Disap- 
}N)Dn:vD. -^ The loving friends who followed 
me in their prayers for a safe and prosperous 
iroyage will be glad to know that their prayers 
have been abundantly answered. We had a 
very quick passage from Glasgow to Rangoon, 
being only thirty-four days from pilot to pilot. 
On my arrival in Rangoon, I found that Mr. 
and Mrs. Crawley had been obliged to leave 
H'enthada two months before we arrived. 
Miss H. £. Watson had come over to Hen- 
thada to keep the work going till I came, but 
was jfiaaaang to kaye the veiy daj I should 

arrive. As she was anxious to return Xa 
work in Zeegong, she was very urgent ii 
request that I come up to Henthada as 
as possible. I spent only four days in 
goon, and went direct to my work in 

Other Greetings. — It was a very sad 
to return to the desolate house, where w 
one to welcome me, as I had expected, 
whole school met me on the bank of the 
and they received me as one from the < 
for when I left them, nearly four years s 
was Gtrried down tiltiitly, while the sc 


" So Much U do at Home. 



>llowed, shedding teirs of real sorrow, 
lere are tears of joy and of sorrow too ; 
lile they rejoice over my arrival, I can- 
t weep for those we loved so much, and 
we cannot hope to see again. Mrs. 
LS gave me a warm welcome to her 
but it was with a heavy heart that I 
my steps to the great, empty house 
was to be my home. 

ES Deferred. — In this dreary day for 
snthada mission, what wonder that the 
Christians gathered round me with 
joy, saying with satisfied looks, **Now 
strong; the mama has returned to us.^* 
tere was a disappointment very near 
for I soon felt the malarious influence of 
imate, and, after I had remained with 
ve days, I was obliged to leave them for 
►n, for the fever had very much reduced 
d there was no hope of breaking it up 
lace so full of malaria. I returned to 
on, to remain till the country shall be 
ough to be healthy. I have had very 
ever since my arrival here; and when 
ins are over, I do not anticipate any 
rouble from fever. 

D OF Laborers. Urgent Calls. — 
ied everywhere of laborers, while a great 
\ opening to us on every hand, is most 
ly apparent. Every station seems very 
t-ery poorly supplied with workers. Six 
go, when I left Thongzai, I think there 
t a mission-station in Burmah, in which 
iras a missionary, that did not invite me 
e to it. And now, before I enter upon 
rk, I have most urgent calls from Toun- 
come ; for the need of help is impera- 
Why do so many able people spend 
me for naught, while the work here Ian* 
I, and the missionaries Eaint under their 
burdens? It is discouraging; and I 
LOt what I am to do. Going into the 
lone is taking responsibilities for which 
ery poorly qualified. 

3RESS AND Wants of the Girls' School. 
ler Mrs. Crawley -s care, the boarding- 
had doubled in size. There has been a 
hange in public opinion on the subject 
cation. We no longer have to solicit 
It is easy work getting girls to come 
te art wiUkig to sign an agreement tm 

renudn three or fiye ytaft. TIm gmt M«d 
now is teachers. I i^dsh we had a good staff of 
native teachers; but they do not grow into 
good teachers without training here any more 
than they do at home. And our first waat 
now is some one to train native teachers. 

Who is Responsible? — Dear friends, this 
is just as truly your work as it is mine. Yon 
cannot think God has excused you from this 
work any more than he has me. Here now is 
one way in which you can enter into it : ** Pray 
ye the Lord of the harvest that he send forth 
more laborers,^ and then follow up your prayers 
with an offering to provide laborers with the 
necessities of life. I beg of you not to pass 
this by, but to attend to this great work. We 
may yet possess this land, if we get help from 
you in timej but unless you are prompt, our 
opportunity is lost. 

Dangers. — Already the Catholics are gain- 
ing ground, and even Buddhism is gaining con* 
verts ; so £ar from tottering and crumbling, it 
is gaining fresh converts every day. I am told 
by reliable missionaries here on the field, who 
ought to know, that in the past ten years 
Buddhism has won ten converts to Christiani- 
ty's one, and in the last year the proportion 
was a hundred to one. These new converts 
are among the heathen Karens, as the Burmans 
are all Buddhists. Will our Baptists allow this 
most promising field to be taken out of our 
hands? It is time we were redoubling our 
energies, instead of relaudng them ; and after 
our people at home have done all they can to 
endow schools and colleges, I hope they will 
again turn their attention to Christiaa work in 
other lands. 

RamgooH, N«y. 7, 1I76. 


We have in the United States more thaa 
fivt millions of evangelical Christians solemnly 
pledged to live and labor for Christ ; at least 
forty thousand ministers of the gospel conse- 
crated to his special service, — one to every thoa- 
sand of the population of the country ; hundreds 
of benevolent organizations, general and local, 
co-operating with the forty thousand churches 

te r^u;k every iiina %(teiBnkii%asX«Mlxttaiic^ 


Must we Adopt the Toungya System. 


numerous socktSes for the difiiision of a Chris- 
tian literature; religious newspapers that may 
reach every village and household in the land ; 
institutions of learning of every grade, with 
open doors, inviting all who will to come and 

partake freely, or at a trifling cost, of the 
ings of knowledge and culture ; and yi 
often one hears the cry, ** There is so m 
do at home ! ^ — SiUcted, 



On the mountains of Burmah, there is a 
class of people who practice what is called the 
Toungya mode of cultivation. With their 
heavy knives, each family manages by great 
effort to make a clearing of a few acres in the 
dense jungle, felling the smaller trees and 
girdling the larger ones. Under the tropical 
sun, the falling trunks and branches become as 
dry as tinder in a few months. The fire is then 
set, and quickly reduces the mass to a bed of 
ashes. Then the rain comes in its season, and 
the seed is sown directly on the ashes and 
calcined soil without plowing or digging. No 
orchards are set out for future fruitage. One 
good crop of grain is gathered, and then the 
clearing is abandoned for another. Weeds and 
finally a new crop of trees or bamboos spring 
up, and then the jungle is more impenetrable 
than ever ; for in place of the grand old trees 
which kept down the undergrowth, we have 
■tangled thickets in which creepers, thorns and 
briers abound. 

• This system, though still practised to some 
extent, is justly considered a most wasteful and 
improvident one. Those who follow it lead a 
wandering life, and are the poorest of the poor. 
At the same time they exhaust the country. 
A little village of twenty or thirty families in 
the course of twenty years will obliterate the 
magnificent forest primeval over an equal 
number of square miles, leaving a scrubby, 
worthless growth and bare rock in its place. 
Meanwhile, springs dry up, and the rainfall is 
diminished all over the land, while the shifting 
population, which has accumulated nothing for 
• itself, has paid to government a revenue of 
barely one rupee a year for each death-dealing 
dah. The lowlander, on the other hand, who 

tills his field for a generation, pays 
times as much in taxes, and has son 
substantial to show for his labor besides 
Now this article is not intended as a t 
on forest conservancy, much as a pi 
acquaintance with that science would s< 
be needed by the people of America, 
writer is a foreign missionary, and has 
yet ceased to rejoice that he is one ; thot 
profiession is not without* its drawbacks 
incident to the work itself, and some ( 
small one) to the relations which we ar 
to sustain to our friends and support 
home. The point just now is this : we 2 
infrequently urged by good and intc 
friends of missions to adopt something li 
superficial, nomadic kind of culture 
sketched in our foreign evangelistic 
Their theory sounds well. Having g 
heathen people the word of God in the 
tongue, having established a circle of ch 
and ordained a body of native minisi 
more or less character and training, cor 
them to the word of God and his grac 
move on to the regions of utter darkne 
yond. To the good friends who urge thl 
and to his venerated father in the gosp 
has publicly said that our American m 
aries ought to have moved on out of '. 
Burmah years ago, the writer has a fev 
facts, culled from his own field of labor, 
he begs to offer. If the facts seem to I 
couraging, the man who has to face thei 
in and year out is not discouraged. Ij 
suggested that the facts are exception 
replies that he cannot regard them so. 
larand the writer believes not less nur 
and striking facts may be found in eve 


Must wf Adopt the Toungya System. 


r foreign mission-fields. Let the friends 
ne ponder the &cts well, and then tell us 
ler we shall strike tents and move on. 
Bassein was first occupied by an American 
inary in July, 1852. The gospel had 

preached to a considerable extent by 
! preachers from Rangoon and Maulmain 

1 835 . Several churches had been formed . 
matic woric under Abbott^s superintend- 
from Sandoway as a base was begun in 

Altogether thirty-seven years only of 

man^s labor have been bestowed on this 

— twenty-two years in Bassein itself, and 

1 firom Sandoway, a week's journey away 

the district. From this total at least 

years should be deducted for the first 

ffective years of three new missionaries. 

thirty years then of preaching by a single 

man, aided by native assistants raised up 

le ground, we have at present a church- 

)ership of 6,366, and if we include their 

iverted children and friends, a Christian 

ation of some 12,000 souls, grouped in 

as than 2,000 families. 

Out of an adult. Christian population of 

or 7,000, 2,626, or about three-eighths, 

reported last year as unable to read or 


Of more than 4,000 children and youth 
booling age, 1,743 ^"^y ^^^^ ^^ school for 
t of last year. 

In this year of our Lord 1876, these 2,000 
tian funilies possess exactly 684 New 
unents and 367 Bibles in their own ian- 
\ in all stages of dilapidation. Perhaps 
mtire copy of the New Testament could 
and in four fiunilies, and one entire Bible 
n. In some whole villages I fear that 
er Testament or Bible could be found out- 
the chapel and pastor's house. For nearly 
ir it has been impossible to buy Karen 
unents at any price, and the supply of 
n Bibles is quite limited. 
Oat of these 2,000 families, 328 only are 
ted as maintaining regular family worship. 
Aside from the chiu-ch in town, 1 doubt if 
of these sixty-four churches possesses a 
il4x>ok properly kept. When the time 
% for writing the annual letter to the 
datkm* the pastor and elders count up on 

their fingers the number of deaths, baptisms, 
exclusions, &c., and send the figures in accord- 
ingly. The result is tolerably exact, no doubt ; 
but there are no records for future reference. 
All is fugitive and inexact. 

8. Probably not one in ten of the adults can 
tell their own age or that of their grown-up 
children within three months. 

And yet these are the people who are sup- 
porting sixteen preachers among the heathen, 
and raising tens of thousands of rupees for the 
equipment of their high school with permanent 
buildings. In zeal for education and in love 
for the word of God, if not in positive intelli- 
gence, they do not stand second to the con- 
verts of any mission-field in Asia. 

9. As to their morals, I regard them as 
exceptionally chaste, honest, and truthful, re- 
garded as converts from heathenism. Yet I 
have before me a list of eighteen unordained 
pastors of churches, belonging to this district, 
who have been expelled from the ministry in 
consequence of grievous sin since 1840. This 
list was prepared by the aid of one of our 
oldest and most reliable pastors, and gives also 
the offences of which they were guilty, and 
their history subsequent to their fall. Eight 
were guilty of adultery or fornication ; four of 
witchcraft, or .heathen enchantments ; two of 
drunkenness ; two of embezzling money ; one 
of covetousness and wife-beating ; and one of 
gambling. Note the nature of their offences. 
A majority were of kinds not unknown in 
Christian lands ; but four pastors of churches 
were convicted beyond a doubt of having re- 
sorted to the most absurd and wicked satanic 
arts, — arts which can only flourish in the dens- 
est ignorance. 

10. Saddest of all, two only of these eigh- 
teen fallen pastors are known to have given 
any sign of repentance ; two others went over 
with a few followers to the Roman Catholics 
many years ago ; one committed suicide ; two 
died in jail since my first arrival in Bassein. 
Of the remainder quite a number still live ; but 
all walk apart, never going to the house of 
prayer, and nearly all abandoned to their vices. 

If so many of the leaders of the flock were 
heathen, and remained heathen at heart to the 
end, what must the condition of many of the 
people be? I would fain impress it upon 


Missionary Correspondence, 


the Baptists of America, and upon our secre- 
taries and committees, that the lapse of indi- 
vidual converts, and of entire churches even, 
into a sl'ite of hardness and sin incomparably 
worse than that of the heathen is by no means 
difficult or unheard-of. Again note the facts. 

IT. On my first arrival in Bassein, in 1869, I 
found several churches which had not been 
visited by a missionary for twenty years, and 
others which had never been visited. They 
were remote and difficult of access. Poor Mr. 
Beecher could not reach them. He was fairly 
killing himself, or letting himself be killed, 
by overwork and care. Of these churches, 
three at least, over the mountains by the sea, 
had lost their visibility. Great Plains, for ex- 
ample, so lovely for situation, once so bright 
with the smile of God, was now so dark with 
sin; the chapel gone to decay; the people 
most of them remaining, but so changed: 
drunkenness, gambling, sins of impurity more 
shameless, if possible, than the lieathen, their 
unbelief, and the insensibility of their con- 
sciences seared as with a hot iron, far greater ! 
In addition to these three churches, one of 
which we hope to reclaim, I can now point out 
four which are just wavering between life and 
death. Left to themselves, they would die out- 
right. By God's help we hope to save them. 

12. The twelfth and last fact is this : Out- 
side of Toungoo, the writer is the only mission- 
ary left at present in Burmah who preaches in 
Sgan Karen; and good and wise friends at 
home are urging him by almost every mail to 
give himself to work for the heathen. 

Brethren beloved! my reply to you all is 
thii: If the ten thousand Baptist pastors of 

America are justified in spending their Ir 
laboring each for the edification of a 
fiock, and for the conversion of church 
people and their children, one man cei 
may be allowed to do what he can to est 
this great circle of churches, just emergin| 
the most debasing form of heathenism, 
most holy faith. If the thousands of I 
teachers, professors, editors, agents, and 
taries in America liave any call from C 
occupy their present positions, the writer 
that he has a louder call to do all in his 
for the enlightenment and Christian edu 
of the children of these half-fledged disc 

Meanwhile, please take his word for i 
he never knowingly passes by a heathen 
village or family without stopping to wan 
to flee from the wrath to come. 

The fact is, brethren, your debt to thes 
pie is not so easily discharged. You ha^ 
yet given them so much as the crumbs th 
from the tables of your abundance, 
native Christians have never seen an ex2 
probably they have never conceived of w 
orderly, intelligent church of Christ n: 
and do for the Master's glory. They an 
now struggling out of their ancient j 
house. They are still dazed, as it we 
the unaccustomed light. If, after yet a 
generation of patient instruction and 
guidance, they approach to the stature ol 
hood in Christ Jesus, we shall have abi 
reason for satisfaction and joy. To the 
there is joy and a measure of tatisi 


Mission to the Karens. 

Letter from Mrs. Carpenter. 

Bassbin, Nov. 14, 2876. 
It is now a year and n half since we returned 
to this place. As we look back over the months 
past, we can but see that the Lord has been leading 
us, has been working for us by means that we knew 
not of. We have more and more reason evexy year 

to trust him implicitly. Our school has 1 
increased, — t\vo hundred and thirty names 
roll this last term. Not only in numbers, bi 
spirit of loyalty to truth and right, we think 
evidences of progress. The work is seltlinf 
more and more solidly, we hope, upon the 01 
foundation, the Lord himself. There havi 
cases requiring marked discipline, but w 
none hopeless; and there have been also i 
marked spiritual gruwth. 


Missumary Correspondence, 


Mi99ion to the Asaamese* 

Letter from Mrs. S. R. Ward. 

nsM. — Yesterday, Jan. 17, eleven men and 
t put on Christ by baptism, of whom eight 
loles, from the tea-gardens near here, one a 
mt prodigal son of preacher Kolibar's, one a 
•see man in my service, and one a Bengalee 
, a widow, whom, with her child, Providence 

my hands for a home and instruction about 
ago. Suddenly left a widow far from her 
ome and relatives, she begged, with an ear- 
5 I could not resist, that I would be her pro- 
— allow her to live near me, that she might 
exposed to temptation or a bad name, and 
-eceive instruction ; she wanted to forsake all 
. live a Christian life. Her apparent sincerity 
: peculiar circumstances seemed to indicate 
y ; and though in many ways the responsi- 
as been a heavy tax on my time, the result is 
ly rery cheering. Her sincerity has been 

1 by a regular attendance at my girls* school, 
she has learned to read and write and do 
work ; also by diligent attention at all the 
55, frequently giving expression to her ear- 
sire to be a true Christian ; and now in the 
3n of the blessed ordinance of baptism she 
er heart is very happy, and our hope is that 
1 be found among the chosen ones at last 

situation of an unprotected widow in this 
r, her peculiar trials and temptations, few in 
:iety of a Christian land can have an idea : 
1st be somewhat conversant with Indian life 
ersland the church regulations laid down by 
il in regard to endows. 

•rds about my Kacharassee servant. During 
ole ten years of our mission-work here be- 
luming home, he was our faithful servant, 

clung as faithfully to his Hindooism. As 
i we returned here, he came again into service, 
months after, when his loved master was laid 

dying-bed, he was most assiduous in his at- 
s; and when the last hour approached, to 
m among others was the dying hand extend- 
e farewell words spoken, with an earnest 
ition to believe in Christ. As he walked 
rith the tears streaming down his cheeks, my 
d turned an earnest look toward me, and 
Labor for that man's soul." The request has 
en forgotten. For a time, however, there 
I to be no yielding up of his old refuge in 
nsm, till about a year ago, when he was very 
a he fcemed to feel that he was in sinking 

sand, and begged to be prayed for. He gave up 
his caste, — the last thing a native will resign, *- and 
ate whatever I gave him. Since that time he has 
appeared a changed man, regularly attending all 
the meetings, bowing with others in prayer, which 
he had rigidly avoided doing before, and frequently 
expressing his desire to overcome all temptation, 
and serve the Lord faithfully. On this happy occa- 
sion of his baptism, if the blest above are conscious 
of what is passing below, there is surely one in full 
sympathy with my joy. 

Mission to the Chitiese. 

Letter from Mr. Partridge. 

SwATOw, Nov. 9, 1876. 

Last week was the time of the bi-monthly assem- 
bling of our assistants and Bible-women. The 
weather was fine ; and they came in promptly, 10 
that we began work on Tuesday. A spirit of har- 
mony prevailed, and we had a very pleasant and 
encouraging series of exercises. 

I have been accustomed for nearly two years to 
make out a programme of exercises for the assistants 
before they came together, and to follow it as nearly 
as circumstances would admit. Perhaps I can not 
do better at this time than to send you a copy of 
the programme, which we carried out in every 

At our church-meeting twenty-two persons, candi- 
dates for baptism, were examined, of whom five 
men and five women were accepted ; and on Sunday 
were baptized by Mr. McKibben. Of these one was 
a woman seventy-eight years old, who came from 
a station about forty miles distant. The youngest 
of the number was a prombing young man of 

As I was having the names recorded, I noticed 
that one of the men, forty-eight years old, had a 
feminine name ; and on inquiry learned that it was 
a custom, common among the Chinese, to give their 
sons feminine names in order to deceive the spirits, 
who might cause their death if they knew they were 
sons. By giving them a feminine name they im- 
agine they can deceive the spirits, who do not con- 
sider girls worth the trouble of harming. Lying 
and deceit in all forms are as natural as breathing 
to the Chinese; and nothing but the thorough work 
of the Holy Spirit can eradicate them from their 

For some months past, I have given such time as 
I could to the work of putting the Book of Acts 


Missionary Correspondence, 


into our colloquial. It is now very nearly ready for 
the press. If we had the complete Bible in collo- 
quial, it would, I believe, be of very great value to 
us. We hoped Dr. Ashmore would be here in 
a few weeks to take up this work, for there is no 
one here nearly as competent as he for it ; but we 
now fear we are to be disappointed. 

Mr. McKibben has visited several of our stations 
by himself, and the assistants report that he has 
made very rapid progress in acquiring the language ; 
some of the people (not church-members) refusing 
to believe that he has acquired all he knows in less 
than a year. 

Pkockammb op Exbkcisbs, Oct. 31 to Nov. 6, 1876. 

Tues., Oct. 31, 10, A.M. Class Exercise (xst Epistle of Peter). 

Wed., Nov. X, 7, A.M. Tau read selections from Scripture. 
7, A.M. K*ai Bum preach, 
xo, A.M. Class Exercise. 
7, P.M. //of^ A n read x Tim. iii. 
Volunteer remarks on " Duty of Preachers.** ' 

Thurs., Not. 9, 7, a m. A* K'ong read selections from Scrip- 

7, A.M. Li preach, 
xo, a.m. Qass Exercise. 
7, P.M. CkinH/^ Lim read Matt. ix. 
Volunteer remarks on " Christ's Promises.** 

Friday, Nov. 3, 7, a.m. Ngwtin T*ang read selections from 


7, A M. P» San preach, 
xo, A.M. Class Exercise. 
7, P.M. Pi read Matt, xxviii. 
Volunteer remarks on " Duty of all Christians to make 
known the gospel to others." 

Sat., Nov. 4, 7, A.M. Prayer for the aid of the Holy Spirit 

in the services of the day. 

7, A.M. Sermon by Hu. 

3, P.M. Church-meeting. 
7, P.M. Covenant*meeting. 

Sun., Not. 5, 7, a.m. Covenant-meeting (continued). 

xo, a.m. Sermons by Mr, Partridge^ Chiang 

Lim^ and .Vgrvan Tang. 
IS, M. Baptisms by Mr. McKibben. 
a, P.M. Hand of Fellowship and Lord's Sup- 

4, P.M. K*ai Bun read a Cor. ix. 


Mon., Nov. 6, 7, a.m. Prayer. 

Remarks by the assistants on verses selected as guiding 
verses for the two ensuing months. 

This programme does not include the daily talks 
with the assistants in regard to their work. 

On Thursday, p.m., there was a public examination 
of the boys' school, and on Friday, p.m., a similar 
one of the girls' school. Miss Fielde was busy every 
day with her Bible-women. 

Letter from Mr. Goddard. 

NiNCPO, Oct. 37, 1 

A FEW days after sending you my annual i 
I received your letter of Aug. 8, informing : 
my appropriations for the present year. I am t 
ful to the committee for what they have givei 
and will try to meet their wishes in the use 
of it, though the amount is less than I ho] 
receive, and will cramp my operations som< 
Still, far be it from me to add by complain! 
the many burdens and anxieties of those at 
who are doing the best they can for this 

On the 1 2th inst. word was brought me thai 
had broken out near to our chapel, and was < 
gering it. Mr. Churchill and I immediately 
in, and found the main street on fire on both 
within two doors of the chapel, some thirty ] 
having l>een destroyed. Fortunately there wa 
wind, and the engines had got contrul of the f 
Our steeple took tire, but was saved without 
damage. I think, however, it will be necess 
take it down ; and as re-building it would ii 
considerable expense, I propose to roof the 
and let the spire go. Our chapel was filled wi 
pos.'iessions of our neighbors, who thought its 
walls were a protection against the flames ai 
pillage which accompanies such scenes, 
damage to the building and furniture was caw 
them, a part of which they have made good. 
certainly have great occasion for thankfulnes 
the flames were stayed and our chapel spa 

On Monday, Oct. 16, the Chskiang Baptist 
ciation met with us in this same chapel. L 
Hyi, from Hang Chow, was elected chairmai 
Tsin-Jing-Kwe and S. P. Barchet clerks. Se 
were preached on Monday, Tuesday, and Wi 
day forenoons by S. P. Barchet, Coh Kyin 
and myself. No measures of great importanc 
passed ; but the general influence in stirring 1 
quickening the spiritual life of those preset 
good. Owing to the inconvenience and expc 
meeting annually, it was decided to meet he 
once in two years ; and the next meeting is 
held in Zas-hying. 

In looking over the records I find thi 
church, — the first church planted by our Soc 
this province, — was organized twenty-niney ea 
Oct. 31, 1S47, with four constituent members 
Dr. D. J. McGowan and Mrs. McGowan an< 
£. C. Lord and Mrs. Lord. From that little 
have developed, in twenty-nine years, nine ch 

Missionary Correspondence. 


iree hundred and ten members ; while a large 
r have already finished their course, and are 
ig in the presence of their Saviour in glory. 
1 of one chapel we now have twenty-two; 
3st widely separated, viz., Chusan and King- 
sing orer three hundred miles apart. The 
«ct is encouraging; and though progress 
las not been as marked or as rapid as in 
>ther places, there has been substantial prog- 
nd there is every reason to hope for greater 
in the future. 

success compares favorably with that of other 
inadoiis in the same field, when the disparity 
1 and means employed is taken into account. 
\ said in no spirit of boasting, but rather in 
alness to Him who has used such weak and, 
ly speaking, inadequate instrumentalities for 
compUshment of his work. With united 
md fresh courage we would push on shoulder 
alder for the conquest of this land. And 
is ours, for the Lord of Hosts is with us. 
name we will go up and take the land. Pray 

9. Last Sunday I was permitted to bap- 
} young men who give promise of becoming 
Christians. One was from Do-kyi-des, and 
ention was called to religious subjects by 
\ a tract which had been received years 
from some unknown person, and had re- 

I in the house unread and unnoticed, until 
ip to while away the weary hours of a day 
be was too unwell to go to work. Surely 
a marked instance of the bread cast upon 
ters found "after many days." If his con- 
ontinues as satisfactory as it has been, I 
Q another year to put him under instruction 

ilonday about noon, a fire broke out in the 
Ls of the foreign drilled troops, just within 
', and separated from our house only by the 

II and a lane. Had the wind been in our 
>n, it is doubtful if we could have escaped. 
9wder was all removed; but some loaded 
rere left, and their explosions when the fire 
1 them caused considerable alarm, though no 
s hurt by them. God has kept us in peace. 

Letter from Dr. Lord. 

NiNcro, Oct. 37, X876. 

I nidve preachers have been supported from 
ads eatmsted to me during the past year. 

The first-named is Tsin-Jing-Kwe. He is a man 
now some thirty-five years of age. When I first 
knew him he was a little boy in a day school which 
I had charge of in connection with the mission- 
chapel in the days of the senior Goddard. He 
made a profession of Christianity at about the age 
of twenty. Soon after his connection with the 
church, he commenced helping me in mission-work. 
He was ordained to the ministry some five or six 
years ago. He is quite well acquainted with the 
Scriptures and with Christian doctrine. I regard 
him as a good, reliable man. He labors under 
partial deafness, which somewhat embarrasses him,- 
nd no doubt hinders him in his work. Still he 
gets on very well. He is generally respected; and 
on the whole I trust he is doing a good work. He 
labors chiefly in connection with my church at 
Ningpo, but goes often with Dr. Barchet to assist 
him at his stations in the country. 

The second-named native preacher, U-vong-seng, 
is also at present stationed at Ningpo, preaching 
occasionally in my chapel, but laboring mostly in 
connection with Dr. Barchet's station in the south 
suburb of Ningpo. He had no education when he 
became a Christian some ten or twelve years ago ; 
but he has since learned to read in the Romanized 
colloquial, and has acquired sufficient knowledge of 
the Scriptures and of Christian doctrine to enable 
him to be useful in the work of evangelization. 

The third preacher, Tsong-s-va, was, before his 
conversion and for a while after, a kind of travelling 
cooper. He was brought into the church some ten 
or twelve years ago. He was somewhat advanced 
in life and without any education. There was also 
some defect in his eyesight that made it impossible 
for him to learn to read. He had, however, a fac- 
ulty for talking, and also for learning from hearing 
other» talk and read. As he took to working when 
and where he could, I have encouraged htm. At 
first he acted as a kind of colporteur; but he has 
for some time now been working at Dr. Barchet's 
station at the south suburb of Ningpo. He is quite 
a ready speaker; and his knowledge both of 
Scripture and of Christian doctrine is very consider- 
able. I have often heard him give out his texts 
and hymns, repeating them as accurately as one 
could have read them from books. Although he vi 
on my list of helpers, he is really working with Dr. 
Barchet, and so is more under his care than mine ; 
and his usefulness I am sure is- much owing to Dr. 
Barchet's oversight and influence. 

The last-named preacher, Tsong-da-sing, is a 
nephew of the person last mentioned, and he be- 
came a Christian through his influence. He was 


MisJtionmry Corrtspondene«. 


roodved into the ehnrcih tome fonr or five years 
ago. He had been to sdiool some before his con- 
versbn, but could not be said to have learned much. 
Since then he has been quite diligent in trying to 
learn. He can read very well both in the character 
and in the Romanized colloquiaL For some two or 
three years 1 have supported him as a student, 
studying for the ministry or for the Christian work. 
During most of the year past, he has been a member 
of Brother Goddard's theological class. As that 
dass is at present discontinued, and as I have no 
iacilities for keeping him still under instruction, Dr. 
Barchet has undertaken to oversee his work at a sta* 
tion in the country to which he has sent him. He 
is quite young, and we cannot tell yet whether he 
will prove to be a faithful worker or not. But at 
present he affords us much promise ; and we can 
only look above for its fulfilment 

My own special supervision is limited to our 
church and school at Ningpo. To this church ten 
have been added during the past year. Two or 
three have died; and the present membership is 

The girls* school, of which I have the general 
oversight, has continued its work, though embar- 
rassed for want of adequate help. Mrs. Barchet 
has done for it what she could ; and the most of its 
care has necessarily devolved on her. She has 
given to it what time and strength she could, and 
more than was just to herself and to the other 
claims upon her. I trust the needed help will in 
some way be provided before long. 

I can not say there is at present any special 
interest in our work. Still to myself it is hopeful. 
The seed, here a little and there a little, is falling 
into the ground. The leaven is working, slowly, it 
is true, yet I believe surely. We long for greater 
results. But there is encouragement and hope in 
what we have. 

Mission to the Japanese. 

Letter from Mr. Arthur. 

ToKio, Japan, Not. xo, 1876. 
Last Sunday, the 5th of November, we baptized 
and welcomed into the church four women, who, 
until within a very short time, have been devout 
and superstitious worshippers of idols. One of 
them. Miss Kidder's teacher, a woman of strong, 
rugged character, brought to us Saturday night a 
great armful of all sorts of idols as a proof of her 
sincerity. Sunday morning, when she told her 
experience to the church, she said she had wor- 
ili^ptd ike liMi» the wake, uA the badger, as well 

as the idols ; and when she went to her h 
saw the things she had worshipped, sh* 
ashamed, even if no one was present, 
hardly knew what to do. She had torn ( 
" Karoi-dana," or " god-shelf," which is 
Japanese house, had torn to pieces or 
destroyed many of her idols, and brough 
to us. Since she became Miss Kidder's 
she has been living in the house of H 
Bible-woman, because her own house 

Hama*s brother-in-law is also a memb 
church ; the mother, an old gray-haired la< 
Christian woman, is a member of the Pre 
durch, and they are truly a lovely Christi: 
Hama's brother preaches statedly for me, 
gent student of the Bible, an earnest wo 
of the best men in the church; and I s< 
think it would be well to employ him regul 
preacher. Last sabbath another membe 
family, a servant woman of middle age, 
her idols also to us, and put on Christ by b; 

Another of the candidates, a pleasant 
upwards of eighty years of age, was " th 
mother of one of the members of the Y 
church," of whom I spoke in my letter of a 
At that time she arose in meeting to ex] 
faith in Christ. Last sabbath she testified 
tism to a good profession before many v 
It was delightful to see this old lady, still st 
well, a life-long idolater, thus professing 
Christ. Her husband disinherited his grai 
joining the Yokohama church ; but now, 1 
enough, she told me he was glad to have 

The remaining candidate was the wift 
man of whom I spoke in the same letter s 
such clear evidence of a change of hea 
experience was very interesting. Her husl 
obliged two months ago to go to a dista 
ince on business, and bought all the < 
books he could find to take %vith him. 
not yet returned, but begged his wife in 
to study the Bible, and said that, whethe 
or at home, he should be glad at any time 
that she had become a Christian. She 
continued to worship idols, but began to s 
Bible and to come up to hear the preaching 
ing the month of November, confined to h 
by illness, she continued the study of tl 
alone. Hama visited her frequently, and 
as she said, "Although at first I neither 
nor understood the gospel, the wonderful 
the cross at last reached my heart ; and I I 


Missionary Correspondence. 


md lia,T€ put my idols into the fire." I cannot 
td yoa bow strangely these things, so old in our 
ami ianguage, come to our ears in a foreign 
tODgne. They are told by those who have never 
Iward the too often conventional phrases of Chris- 
tba experience, and as one hears the heart'^ own 
ooiiiing of its experience into words of its own 
dioosing, the hearer is thrilled to hear the old, old 
story in sach strange and fresh and living forms. 

The Christian experience as told by these women 
lis Teiy satisfactory. At first we were sometimes 
obGged to find out by successive questions the state 
of the heart. But these so lately heathen women 
loU of God's dealings with them as straightfor- 
lardly and connectedly as you generally hear at 
bome. Sometimes Japanese Christians date the day 
of their belief persistently from the day of their 
kA hearing of the gospel, failing to discriminate 
betveea that belief which is of the intellect and 
fltat which by degrees has grown out of their 
heiitk These women, every one of them, said 
tint as first they did not believe, neither did they 
mdentand, and only by degrees came to faith and 
t rejection of the idols in which they had placed 
Ife4ong» implicit confidence. 

Among the other things which Otoke San 
("San" means Miss, Mrs. or Mr.) brought to us, I 
opened one paper done up like medicine-powder, 
tad firand in it two papers with some strange, 
priated characters, one of them torn out. I asked 
vhtt they meant, and found that they were medi- 
die-chann% to be taken when sick. Otoke San 
CQBfdsed, very much ashamed, that she had drank 
fte missing letter in water to cure an illness. 

It was a lovely day. About fifty Japanese were 
bere. The baptism was beautiful. It was a rare 
agjbtj for» as far as I know, the conversions all 
over Japan have been mainly from the student class 
of jfoong men, and the women have not been easily 
icsched. We were so glad. In the afternoon, fif- 
teen members arose when the church-covenant was 
ittd, all baptized within a year. But two members 
were absent It was a communion-season of de- 
vout gratitude to God. 

During the month of October, I held thirty-six 
■eetings, preached nineteen times, native assistants 
twenty-two times, with an average attendance of 
between thirty and forty persons, and an average of 
about a hundred different weekly hearers. 

vote the greater part of my time during this first 
year to the study of the language. I could have a 
class of young men in English, teaching them also 
the English Bible daily; but it would take much 
time, and, the class of young men who would attend, 
1. e.f the samurai, or gentry, mainly, is not the class 
I wish most to reach. The great mass of the people, 
the laboring class, can only be reached through the 
medium of their own language. I judge that it 
would be better for the cause that I should learn 
the spoken language as soon as possible. I have, 
however, a weekly claSs of young men in the En- 
glish Bible. 

I suppose Dr. Brown has written you of the re- 
cent trouble in the church. It is hardly surprising, 
when one sees the condition of the people gener- 
ally, that occasionally some should fall away ; for it 
is impossible for the Japanese to learn in a short 
time how much at variance some of their practices 
are with Christ's commands. Two of the four who 
have been guilty are certainly repentant; of the 
others I cannot f6rm an opinion now. 

Two persons (Japanese, of course, I mean) and 
several others that I know of are, I believe, near 
the kingdom of God. Ah, I would give all I have, 
if I could talk with these and with others who fall 
in my way, but to whom I cannot speak because I 
do not know their language nor they mine ! I loved 
the work when I left home, but I love it yet more 

Lbtter from Mr. Dobbins. 

Yokohama, Nov. 93, 1876 . 

Hn. OoVBlHS and myself are still well, and have 
pnipect of cnjoyiiig our work here. I hope to de- 

Miasion in Spain. 

Letter from Mr. Cifre. 

We have now been here more than a year, and 
it is a little more than nine months since we entered 
Hospitalet, hoping to do something for the Saviour 
in that little Catholic town. During this our first 
year, we have not been permitted to send you glad 
tidings, as we had hoped to have done ; yet we do 
feel that the year's work has not been in vain. I 
have written you in the past that we entered that 
town because our means were too limited to work 
here in Barcelona, and that seemed to be the most 
liberal town in this vicinity. The people here are 
generally very ignorant, but good-hearted and indus- 
trious. After we succeeded in finding a building, 
we opened a day and evening school, hoping in that 
way to gain the confidence of the people, so they 
would be willing to come to our sabbath service, 
and learn something of the much-despised Protes- 
tant religion. Very soon we found a large number, 
in both day and evening school, and at first a large 
number of men came inXo out sa!c?Ci^xJcL ?AiN\cfc\ \>>ax 


The Missionary Outlook. 


in a few weeks their otriosity wis satisBed, and they 
ceased to come. Our school has been large from 
the beginning, increasing constantly in numbers; 
and while we were thankful for the opportunity of 
teaching the children from God's Word, yet we felt 
almost disheartened for a while that we could not 
have any congregation to preach to on the sab- 
bath. But now for the past three months we have 
been encouraged by having a good little congrega- 
tion in constant attendance. We found the rooms in 
our building too small to accommodate our congrega- 
tion, and we looked around to see if we could find 
a large room which we could use for a chapel. God 
seemed to aid us in our search, and led us to a man 
who had a large granary in the second floor of his 
house. After stating our desire to the man, he 
agreed to have some repairs made, and to rent us 
the granary for the same price that we were paying 
for the other building. He put in two large win- 
dows, and built a new flight of stairs to avoid hav- 
ing the people pass through his rooms. The room 
is forty-eight feet long and nineteen wide, and 
cheerful and good for a Spanish country-town. We 
dedicated the chapel the first sabbath in this month, 
and the room was crowded to overflowing. The 
United-States consul and an American sea-captain, 
— a good Baptist, who was in port at the time, — 
honored us with their presence, and enjoyed the ser- 
vice very much. After the introductory exercises, I 
preached to them on the origin, formation, and 
training of the Christian Church ; then an ex-priest 
spoke of the influence of the Reformation, and the 
teacher gave a little sketch of the different missions 
in the world. It was a very interesting day to us ; 
the people listened very attentively to our words. A 
few are exceedingly interested in their souls' salva- 
tion, and are firm believers in our faith, and have 
asked for baptism ; but it is necessary to wait until 
convinced that they have really been bom again, 
Others are adopting our views gradually ; and some 

of them have expressed a desire to join u: 
they could do so as easily as they would 
secular society. It is hard to make them v 
about the new birth ; and, indeed, they c 
they experience it. 

Pray for us that we may teach them t 

Mission to Chreece. 

Letter from Mrs. Sakellaric 

Athens, Nov. 

We're home at \zsitfrom a foreign she 
OH a foreign shore to the other. The j 
nearly six weeks was a safe and pleasant c 

... On the way to Athens we crossed 
France, and Italy, seeing just as many st 
wonderful things, and mingling with ar 
pating in as many reUgious services as pos 
these places. We received hearty symp 
brethren of the same faith and others \ 
the name of Christ. Our collection-book 
the co-operation of such in the good 
hearts propose to do : viz., to bnild a sar 
the Ix>rd in this place. On the eighth pa 
book is the autograph of C. H. Spurgeoi 
sum he gave toward the object. But his 
words are written in our hearts. 

We are indeed grateful for the great an 
privileges we have enjoyed for the last si 
and that we have been retnmed in safety j 
to our post. Our work is ready for us, ai 
ready for our work again, teaching the wa 
tion, preaching of righteousness, temper 
judgment to come, and guiding those aire: 
strait and narrow path of Christian ser 
hope for God's blessing to be shed abroad 
hearts, reconsecrating them as temples for 
One to dwell in. 


Japan. — The first missionaries of the Ameri- 
can Board to Japan entered that empire in 1869 ; 
and vigorous efforts have been made to keep 
pace with the rapid opening of the field. 
Thirty laborers are already engaged. Four 
churches with over one hundred members, a 
large training-school for young men, a success- 
ful boarding-school for young women, and a 
Christian newspaper widely circulated, are first- 
fruits of effort there. 

In 1872, the Board was induced 
earnest representation of many of it 
to undertake a work in papal lands, 
were established in Spain and Northen 
and the following year in Western Mc 
the Austrian Empire. This actior 
accordance with the original desigr 
founders of the Board, to make th 
known among the unevangelized n< 
whatever name or language. The res 


The Missionary Outlook. 


such as to encourage effort, not only for 
S»niiation of churches, but for enlighten- 
e popular mind, and preparing the way 
\ reformation of existing institutions. — 
mary Herald, 

B workmen change, but the work goes 
How few remain of the venerable men 
rere most prominent in the affiurs of the 
I a quarter of a century ago! A new 
ition has come forward to take up the 
in new conditions of advancement, oppor- 
s, experience, and resources. It does 
3ok as if the world were outgrowing 
ianity, or as if challenges from high 
of science for tests of the utility of 
-, were weakening £ciith in prayer. The 
sophy of despair^ has not quite van- 
d yet the revelation of hope and joy. 
tanner of Zion^s host is upborne by new 
; but never before by so many, or by 
more assured of victory. — Ibid, 

young missionary volunteers set sail for 
Kong lately in company with the Rev. 
.vys. They go out as students, to re- 
I couple of years* training under Bishop 
D at St. Paulas College, Hong Kong, dur- 
lich time they will also acquire Chinese ; 
ey will then be sent forth as evangelists 
le interior of the province of Quantung. 

> of the three divisions of the Church 
nary Society^s Nyanza expedition have 
I for the interior. The exploration of 
ers Wiami and Kingani proves them to 
lacticable for navigation, and the scheme 
ater-route to the interior has been given 
rhe old Bagamoye route was therefore 
and a small army of porters engaged to 
he luggage. Mr. O'Neill^s party set out 
th fifty porters. He expected to reach 
nva early in August and select a site for 
iposed mission-station there. The sec- 
irty, led by the Rev. C. T. Wilson, left 
ar the last of July, with the intention of 
O^eiU at Mpwapwa. If the members 
expedition bad been able to avail them- 
of the benefits of Mr. Price^s discovery, 

they might have saved themselves much trouble 
and delay and the Society a great deal of ex- 
pense. This discovery offers the most practica- 
ble, expeditious, and least expensive route to 
the great central plateau of Afiica ; and the old 
Bagamoyo route, with its many drawbacks, will 
be abandoned for that of Saadani. 

The Chinese Presbyterian Mission in Cali- 
fornia employs seventeen laborers; has mis- 
sion-schools at San Francisco, San Jose, and 
Sacramento, with an average attendance of one 
hundred and sixty-seven ; has received thirteen 
to church membership in San Francisco during 
the year, four at Sacramento, and nine at San 
Jose. In Oakland fourteen members of the 
Sunday-school united with Rev. Dr. Eells^ 

A REMARKABLE movement has begun among 
the Spanish Jews at Oran, Algeria. Mr. Beno- 
lial, an evangelist, writes that his church, which 
holds about three hundred, is thronged every 
Sunday by Jews who have become interested 
in the doctrines of Christianity and publicly 
professed their desire to be instructed. The 
London City Mission at work in our great 
metropolis is also receiving a large blessing in 
its labors among the Jews. There are hun- 
dreds of Jewish inquiries into the truth of 
Christianity in London. 

Six missionary societies are now laboring in 
Java, the richest and most valuable colony of 
Holland, which has become Mohammedanized 
through the former opposition to Christian 
missionaries by the government. 

The Japanese government have sanctioned 
the holding of an exhibition of native and for- 
eign curiosities and works of art, to be held in 
Nagasaki, in the spring of next year. No 
trouble or expense will be spared to make it a 
success. A building suitable for the purpose 
will shortly be erected and arrangements en- 
tered into with firms in England and elsewhere 
for a simply of goods such as has never been 


The^ Missionary Outlook, 


seen in Japan before. Christians will know 
how to use this opportunity for promoting the 
best interests of the Japanese. 

The United Presbyterian Foreign Mission 
Society are anxious to send Rev. William Har- 
vey and Dr. J. R. Johnston to their mission in 
Egypt ; and they are ready to go, but there is 
no money in the treasury, and the Board is in 

The Rev. A. W. Murray, of the London 
Missionary Society, has been commissioned to 
explore the part of New Guinea lying east of 
the Society^s present stations among the Malay- 
speaking tribes. An anticipatory visit has 
been made by Messrs. Macfarlane and Lawes, 
who have made important discoveries. In the 
"strip of coast-line lying between Port Mores- 
by and China Straits, villages thickly populated 
have been discovered, producing native food in 
abundance, while the friendly demonstrations 
with which the advances of explorers have 
been met augur well for the introduction of 
Christian teachers among their inhabitants. 
Two rivers have been discovered, also two 
splendid harbors, in addition to good anchor- 
age at various points along the coast; while 
several islands have probably been mapped Out 
for the first time. All along the coast between 
Amazon Bay and China Straits,^ the report 
says, " th^ natives are not only more numerous 
but more intelligent and look more healthy. 
They dress very respectably, compared with the 
others. The women are much the same, wear- 
ing girdles of grass or leaves down to their 
knees ; but the men have a very decent kind of 
fore-and-aft rig made with pandanus-leaves.^ 

If we could gather in one assembly all the 
heathen that have died in Christ since the work 
commenced, the effect would be astounding. 

The Rev. Mr. Badley, an American Method- 
ist missionary in India, has published at Luck- 
now a "Memorial Volume and Directory'' of 
Protestant missions in that country. It reports 
the number of native Christians at 266,391, 
against 224,258 in 1872, showing a gain of 
about 10,500 a year. The number of commu- 
nicants is about one-fifth of the aggregate of 

adherents, or 52,816. The annual ga 
communicants is about 4,000. The add 
are given of 960 missionaries and nativ< 
tors of India proper, and there are aboi 
names of retired and deceased missioi 
The appendix contains a list of 116 di 

The Church Missionary Society has 
mission among the Mohammedans of ^ 
since 1856. Their language being Urc 
Hindustani, instead of Tamil, the vem 
of Southern India, this undertaking 1 
necessity been distinct from the other mi 
oi the Society. Whatever may be the x\ 
the progress of missions to Indian Molu 
dans is very slow. 

The Rev. John W. Butler, of the Met 
missions in Mexico, does not think that 
estant missions would be endangered I 
success of the Diaz revolution. He b< 
that the leaders of the revolution, as ¥ 
the present government, are opposed 
restoration of the Roman-Catholic Chui 
its old position in the republic. Many 
outrages upon Protestants are committ 
bands of fanatics, who assume to belong 
pronunciados, and not by the revolut 

The American Board of Commissioner 
their first meeting at Farmington, Con: 
the 5th of September, 18 10, five only 
present. A constitution was adopted, an 
cers were chosen. Four young men were 
and waiting to be sent abroad. 

The second meeting was held at Woi 
in 181 1, seven members present. Four 
men who had offered their services — Adc 
Judson, Samuel Nott, Gordon Hall, and S 
Newell — were formally appointed missio] 

In January, 181 2, it was reported that a 
was ready to sail in two weeks for Ca 
The prudential committee had but $1,: 
their disposal; yet, on the 27th of Ja 
they resolved to send the missionary 
such was their faith in the leading of 
providence, and in the response they 
meet in the Christian spirit of the chi 
And they were not disappointed. — Miss 

Editorial Paragraphs. 


English Baptist Missionary Society 
nd expended for the year ending 
1876, $223,000. With this amount 
missions were carried on in India, 
China, Europe, Africa, West-India 

and Jamaica. In this work 85 Eu- 
lissionaries and 205 evangelists were 
i. The nimiber of baptisms at the 
ons last year were 1,771, and the total 
3f members is 37,790. There are 300 

14,934 day and 17,150 Sunday schol- 
le most important work of the Society 
to be in India. From the elaborate 
given of this field, we learn that there 
stations and out-stations, attached to 
e 41 missionaries and 132 evangelists. 
re 90 chapels and 42 school-houses, 
kber baptized was 216, and the present 
ihip is over 5,000. Of this total, 599 
pean and 4,743 are native Christians, 
the most interesting portions of the 
•eport is that which refers to the prog- 
he native churches toward self-support 
•government, which it is the policy of 
tXy to encourage. The church in Birb- 
idia, having been given full liberty to 
its own affairs, has adopted ** a peculiar 
church order.'' There is no pastor, 
church a£^rs are conducted by a pun- 
or eldership of nine persons. **The 
il members of this punchayat conduct 
ship of the sanctuary on a quarterly 

plan previously arranged. In the morning ser- 
vice a brief form of liturgy is used, and the 
singing is accompanied by native musical in- 
struments.^ To the suggestion repeatedly 
made that one of the members of the pun- 
chayat should be called to the pastorate, the 
reply is invariably, *'No: we shall not all 
probably fix upon the same man; and then 
there would be heartburnings.^ The church 
has 63 members, of whom 58 are Bengalis, and 
is self-supporting. In the last sixteen months 
it has raised $3,000 for a new chapel. The 
report further says that» ** under the guidance 
of the Rev. James Smith, the churches in and 
around Delhi present the same self-governing 
attitude which they have for some years as- 
sumed ; and though there are many local diffi- 
culties to be surmounted, . . . the churches 
remain true to their principles of independ- 
ence, and draw no sustenance from the mission 
funds.'* In some of the villages south of Cal- 
cutta, the congregations have become discour- 
aged in trying to maintain their independence, 
and have petitioned to be provided again with 
pastors free of cost to themselves. The church 
of Johnnugger, which is the oldest in Bengal, 
and has 70 members, has become independent 
during the year. Two missionaries have been 
commissioned to visit the churches in Backer- 
g^nge, ** to place the numerous and flourishing 
churches of that district on a more self-reliant 
basis y — ImUpituUnt, 


Frontispiece of the present issue re- 
Chinese Musicians. — The Chinese 
:nts of music are very numerous, con- 
>f lutes and guitars like those repre- 
i the picture, a squeaking violin shaped 
one used by the man on the left of the 
several flutes and other wind-instru- 

sort of harmonium touched with two 
ilips of bamboo, systems of bells and 
f sonorous metal, and drums covered 
ike-skins. They string their instru- 
rith silk and wire. Many of the 

have a ready ear for music, though 
nied by. a very bad national taste, as 
judged of by the fact that the foreign 

instrument which pleases them the most is the 
Scotch bagpipe, it being like one of their own 
musical pipes, the melody of the two being 
exactiy similar. The Chinese mostly tune 
their instruments in unison, and they have 
littie or no idea of accompaniments. They 
have certain characters to express the name 
of every note in their limited scale. These 
they use in writing down their airs; but 
whether this mode of notation is indigenous or 
not is doubtful. The Emperor Kang-hi was 
much surprised when a foreign gentieman 
pricked down the Chinese tunes as they were 
played, and repeated them afterwards. 


Editorial Paragraphs. 


The time left of the present fiscal year of 
the Missionary Union is short ; and the work 
to be done at home in the two months of Feb- 
ruary and March to meet the demands made 
on the treasury by the missions in operation 
should be done vigorously, and with the least 
possible delay. 

The present issue of the "Magazine" fur- 
nishes communications from our missions in 
China of much more than ordinary interest. 

It is very encouraging to find some churches 
and individuals increasing their donations to 
the treasury of the Missionary Union over 
those made by them last year. But it excites 
painfiil anxiety to find so many filling behind 
their contributions in former years. Let the 
strong remember the injunction to bear the in- 
firmities of the weak. 

Miss Fielde's article, " Jottings in China," 
printed on page 31, contains some very sug- 
gestive ficts. 

There are those who are stopping their 
"Missionary Magazine" for 1877, expecting to 
renew their subscriptions "as soon as the 
times improve." They want the " Magazine," 
they assure the publisher, and are sorry that 
•* the hard times " oblige them to give it up for 
the present. We suggest a remedy which one 
gentleman has already applied to cases of this 
kind : viz., placing in the hands of the publish- 
er $10, for him to send copies of the " Maga- 
zine " for one year to such as may be too poor, 
or who are unwilling to make any special effort 
to pay for it themselves. Now are there not 
many others who are able and would be glad to 
order one copy, or a number of copies, to such 
as the publisher may select from the list of 
"discontinued," or to any whom the donor 
may name? This is one way to work for the 
<3iuse of God in foreign lands. It is cultivat- 
ing the home field, from which supplies must 
be derived for the foreign field. The circula- 
tion of missionary intelligence is essential to 
the success of missions. Ignorance of the 

work is sure to be followed by apathy and in 
action. Who will aid the cause in the wa; 
above suggested? 

Yes, "the times are hard,^ as you say 
brethren. The Lord is severely trying yon 
£uth. Some of you are staggering under tin 
heavy burdens that are on you. You are some 
times perplexed and distressed. You do no) 
see how you are going to meet the pecansu] 
responsibilities of to-day, and other daim 
that are £ast maturing to be added to thorn 
already pressing you. They who appeal to yoi 
with the work and wants of Christian missboi 
in heathen lands know and consider the bur 
dens you are bearing, and find it hard to m|;< 
upon you the claims of those missions. Bui 
will it be wise and safe, putting it on the ton 
ground of mere policy, for jrou to give nodii]i| 
in these "hard times" for the cause of mis' 
sions ? Consider the question. 

Brethren, if you read the correspondenoe 
from the missions under the auspices of tlM 
Union, as published monthly in the " Maga- 
zine," you see that the Lord is doing greal 
things for those missions. Then this is no< 
the time for us to do less for them. 

There are thousands of Baptist church-oieiii 
bers who contribute annually something to tiu 
treasiuy of the Missionary Union when the ool 
lection is taken up, but who never read or se( 
the " Missionary Magazine," or any other peri 
odical communicating missionary intelligenoe 
Such contributors cannot, in the very nature c 
the case, have any special and valuable interea 
in the work to which they give. The contri 
butions of such heedless helpers of the cans 
would undoubtenly be greatly augmented if on] 
they could be persuaded to subscribe for (an 
to read the monthly supply of missionary iute 
ligence), the "Magazine." And if those, an 
they are legion, who give absolutely nothin 
for foreign missions, could be induced to sul 
scribe for and to read a missionary publicatioi 
nearly all of them wo I become contributor 
Vfi}\ not those already mterested try to intere 
others? Let each subscriber to the **Mi^ 

Editorial Paragraphs, 


to %tX just one other ^ and this year 
le list. Reader^ will you be one to do 
x>k at the inducements offered by the 

AREFULLY read and seriously ponder 
Carpenter^s sensible and forcible arti- 
e present number of the ** Magazine/* 
' Must We Adopt the Toungya Sys- 
Let us have men and money sufficient 
ission in the foreign fields, and then 
rard the work of aggression with all 
1 speed. But let us not say to our 
ry brethren, as Pharaoh said to the 
, ''Go therefore now, and work; for 
dl no straw be given you, yet shall 
r the tale of brick." 

>h;MBERS of ** The Baptist Missionary 

\ ^* can be furnished at Room No. lo. 

Temple, Boston, and also a few 

•lumes of the same and of the Annual 

few volumes of Mrs. Ann H. Judson^s 
the Burman Mission during its first 
, — a work of thrilling interest. 
>r complete setts of the ** Magazine " 
ming of frequent occiurence; and 
e necessity of securing missing num- 
Dmplete volumes. 

> direct attention to the ** Special 
1877," in the shape of a Club List, 
made by Mr. W. G. Corthell, the 
' and business manager of the ** Mis- 
Magazine." The list will be found 
le advertisements. 

B AND AT Home. — In a recent issue 
' Examiner and Chronicle " appeared 
of a private letter addressed by the 
^ of the Missionary Union to the edi- 
lat journal. In that letter occur the 
; statements, which will bear repeating 
lumns of the ** Magazine." 
have seen in our periodicals that the 
;iving, — giving like himself, while his 
re withholding. Brother Clough has 
more than five hundred converts since 
Si July, in the Ongole district of the 

Teloogoo Mission; God is raising up multi- 
tudes among this people to testify of his grace, 
and the word of God grows and multiplies 
through their labors. Mr. George is still reap- 
ing harvests in the qnickened Henthada dis- 
trict in Burmah, and there seems to be a gen- 
eral movement among the Burman people 
heretofore unprecedented; the Chinese mis- 
sionaries at Swatow are gathering converts by 
the score, and the venerable Dean has re- 
tiuned to Bangkok, to gather other hosts to 
the hundreds recently baptized in that vicinity ; 
while France, Germany, and Sweden show 
signs of imwonted spiritual increase. 

** How can we tell these marvels of redeem- 
ing grace so as to reach the hearts of our peo- 
ple ; so as to move all the churches ? What if 
God carry on this work, and we fidl to be 
"workers together with him" in it? Christ 
calls, by these displays of his grace, to ^very 
church to do this work; he expects every 
church to obey his voice, and heed the intima- 
tions of the Spirit ; but he can go on to victory 
without us. This is the only appalling thing 
in the case : the work will not fail ; — Christ 
never calls his people to a forlorn hope ; — but 
he may leave them to their own ways while he 
goes on to conquest." 

It is amazing and painful that so many mem- 
bers in all our churches know nothing what- 
ever of the cause of foreign missions. It is 
simply impossible for such to feel any interest 
in, or to pray intelligently for missions and 
missionaries. While thus ignorant of the £icts 
and claims of this work, it cannot be expected 
that they will contribute of money to sustain 
and extend it. The diffusion of missionary in- 
telligence is absolutely essential to a revival ot 
genuine missionary zeal. The heart must be 
approached by the head. Knowledge, then 
zeal, then giving, then praying. 

Rev. James B. Simons, D.D., formerly one 
of the Secretaries of the Baptist Home Mission 
Society, has been appointed by the Executive 
Committee a District Secretary of the Union, 
to labor in the cities of New York, Brooklyn, 
and Philadelphia, and their ftuburb&« 





MAINE, $137.50. 

Augusta, ch., $35; Thomaston, ch. S. S., for sup. 

Moo Lah, nat. tr. , care Rev. H. Morrow, Tavoy, 

Brunswick, Main-st ch., 
Brewer Villa^, W. Long, 
Batli, ist ch. S. S., for sup. of a nat. Teloogoo tr., 


Campton Village, ch., 
Salem, ch., 

VERMONT, $33.ix.' 

Burlineton, ch.. M. Crane, tr.. 

West Haven, so ch. S.S., (or miss, work, care Mrs. 

L. Jcwctt, 
Burlington, contents of Rev. L. Jewett's family 



Peabodv, ch., con. coll., zo; Winchester, Mrs. 

Fretch, 3; 
Newton Corner, ch. S. S.. for sup. San Pa*ta^, Ka- 
ren tr. formerly, care of Rev. D. A. W. Smith, 30 

Boston, South ch., J. G. Lovell, tr., Z07.35; Bow- 

doin-sq. ch., a friend, 6; Clarendon-st. ch., xoo; 
Lowell, ist ch. bal., 30; Waltham,^ Judson Miss. 

Soc., Joseph Bond, tr., 34.66; Springfield, xstch., 

J. £ Willuims, tr., 69.11: 
Orleans, Miss T. Sherman, 9.60; Webster, zstch., 

Middleboro', Central ch., C. T. Thatcher, tr., 
Natick,ch., Z7; W Acton, ch.,mon. con. coll.,33.77; 
Worcester, zst ch , C. F. Rugg, tr.. 
So. Yarmouth, M. Crowell, x; No. Scituate, ch., 

G. W. Bailey, tr., 3o; 
Woodville, ch., 13; Greenville, ch. S.S., mon. con. 

coll., 13.75; 
Lynn, H. R. Valpey, 5; Foxboro', ch., E. White, 

tr., zoo.35; 

RHODE ISLAND, $367.86. 

Providence,, Albert G. Bates, tr., 

xo6.3«; G. D. Wilcox, M.D., 30; 
PawtucKet, xst ch. EL W. Barrows, tr., 
Narragansett Pier, Mrs. John K. Brown, 

CONNECTICUT, $3ao.x6. 

Milton, Mrs. E. Beach, 3; E. Cornwall, H. G. 

Dean. 9; 
Norwalk, ch., 95; Mystic River, Mrs. Adelia H. 

Randall, xo; 
Norwich, xst ch., J. P. Miner, tr.. 
Hartford zst ch., X04.X6; South cL, x66; 

NEW YORK, $7x3.99. 

Ballston Spa, M. M. Ingham, 3; D. A. L. Ing- 
ham, z; 

Frewsourg, ch. S. S., for the sup. of Ramiah, a nat. 
pr.. care of W. W. Campbell, Secunderabad, 

Nunaa, ch., W. Metcalf, tr.,; Greenwich, ch., 

Syracuse^ Dea. John, z; Mri. John Larrabee, 9.50; 

P«rry, Mrs. Stark, 3; Clifton, ch. z8 90, 

New York, Eleventh-st. ch., S. S. (of wh. 50 is for 
mist, work, care of Mrs. Gushing, and 36 gold 
k for sup. of a child in Mist Hmw«U's scaooI), 











3 so 







Z9 00 

39 70 

9Z3 95 

Z93 77 

9Z 66 
88 Z3 

40 77 
940 64 

9Z 00 

^S IS 
zos 35 

Z36 35 

930 5z 

z 00 

S 00 

35 00 

zo 00 

970 z6 

4 «> 

r9z 50 
3 50 

90 90 

88 70 

Coll. per Rev. G. H. Brigham, Dist. Sec., Black 
River Asso., Watertown, ch., zoo; La Fai^^eville, 

Cayuga Asso., Moravia, ch., 

Chenning River Asso., Southport, ch., 99.99; EU- 

mira, zst ch.,; 
Sarato^ Asso., Amsterdam, ch., za; a friend of 

missions, 3.95; 
Coll. per Rev. O. Dod^, Dist. Sec'y, Southern N. Y. 

Asso., Melrose, ch. m part, 9.75: Greenport, ch., 

bal, 3; Mariners' ch. in p^LXt. zo.8o; Trinity ch. 

in part, 34.30; Judson Miss Soc of Mt. Vernon 

ch. in part, 43; New York i6th ch. in part, 109; 
Hudson Kiver Central Asso., Catskill en. in part, 

zo; P. R. Sackett, 10; 
Washington Union Asso., Miss A. A. Carr and 

Dutchess Asso., Justus Booth, 5; Remsen, ch., zo; 
Rochester, Mrs. M. Bond, zo; Barnes Comer, Mrs. 

L. R. Greenley, xx.xo; 
Albany, Mrs. Amy Coley, 

NEW JERSEY, $177.96. 

Coll. per Rev. J. V. Ambler, Dist Sec'y. New 
Brunswick, xst ch., bal., 60; Yotmg tuple's 
Miss. Soc., 40, for sup. A. Myat at Rangoon Sem., 
care of Rev. J. Packer; Sandy Ridge, ch., 6.79; 

Bloomfield. ch. S.S., 

Coll. per Rev. O. Dodge, Dist. Sec'y, North New 
Jersey Asso., Hudson City, ch., 39.37; J.S. Chad- 
wick, 5: West Hoboken, ch., xx.40; 

E4ttt New Jersey Asso. Piscataway, ch. in part* 


Coll. per Rev. J. V. Ambler, Dist. SecV, Philadel- 
paia Asso., Broad-st. ch., 130; Mrs. Tnos. Twee- 
dale, for sup. of a Bible*woman, care of Mrs. 
Ingalls, Thongzia, Burmah, ^; Easton, Miss 
Emma Annstronir, for sup. of Chau Pau at Ran- 
goon Sem., care Rev. J. Packer, 30; Goshen, ch., 
93.OX ; 

Taylorville, Welsh ch., 7; Summit Hill, Welsh ch., 
9; Kingston, Welsh ch., 3; Lewisbursr, ch., x9'.os; 
Hyde Park, Jackson-st. ch., 7.50; Fleasantvilfe, 
ch., 5 ; Jackson and Lisbon, cn.,3.7X ; Mosiertown, 
Mrs. Erwin, 5; Mahoning, ch., 4; coll. at Tioga 
Asso., 10.X0; 

Burrell, Peter Snively, 

DELAWARE, $1.03. 

Wilmington, per I. B. Murray, tow. educating nat. 
trs., care Rev. J. E. Clougn, 

OHIO, $398.x6. 

Seville, S. S. Hastings. 

Bellville, Miss Susan PhiUips, 

Twinsburg, J. North, 

Rutland, Rev. A. Stevens, 

Coll. per Rev. Thos. Allen, Dist. Sec'y, Ashtabula 

Asso., Ashtabula, Tas. K. Stebbins, 
Cleveland Asso., Bedford, ch., xa^o; Newbury ch., 

3.3X; Seville, ch., 4.75; 
Clmton Asso., Jamestown. J. W. Smith, 
Mad River Asso^ Troy, en., 
Matunee Asso , Toledo, zst ch., 
Miami Asso., Lockland, J. H. Tangeman, for sup. 

of S. Au, 75; Mrs. EU J. Tangeman, for sup. of 

Nga Pkh, 50, care Rav. A* Bunkor; 






















[donations continued.] 

Miaou Union Asso., Dayton, ist ch. S.S., 50; 

Wiyse-st. ch.. Rev. H. M. Dean, a; Sidney, 

S.b., 3; 
Wills Creek Asso., Salem, ch., 9.46; Mt. Zion, ch., 

ZaaesviUe Asso., Ark Spring, S. S., 3.38; Rockville, 
S.S., 3x19: 

INDIANA, $143.63. 

ladiuapoUs, zst ch., Truthseekers' Bible-class, or 
the Niga work, care of Rev. E. W. Clark, 

Anrora, a friend. 

Con, per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'y, Friend- 
ship Asso., Brazil, ch., 

SibBinci River Asso., Muncie, i.^s*. BlufTton, ch. 
(of which 3 7^ is fr. S. S.)» 37*36 

Jodna Asso , iCokomo, ch., 

Ilmtliem Ind. Asso., South Bend, ch., 

Noitb-east Ind. Asso., Wolcottville, ch., xo; Au- 
burn, ch., 3; 

ErveasTille Asso., Evensville, Hon. A. L. Robeson, 
{orSau Lee. nat. pr., care Rev. A. Bunker, 

Wabash, ch., Miss Minda Willis, for education of 
Kaodora's son, care Rev. M. Bronson, Gowhati, 

ILLINOIS, $163.35. 

CoQ. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist Sec'v, Edwards- 

ville Asso., Alton, xst ch. S. S., to Se expended 

BBder direction of Rev. M. Jameson, 
CoiL per Rev. C. F. Tohnan, Dist. Sec'y, Bloom- 

iagttn Asso., Chenoa, ch. Miss. Band. 
Qaogo Ajoo., Dundee, ch., tow. sup. Rev. R. E. 

F<a River Asso., Evanston, ch., i; Sandwich, ch. 

((rf^wh, 13.50 is fr. S. S. for nat. helper, care Rev. 

J. L Clough), ax.50; 
Ottzva Asso., Pnirie Centre, Mrs. C. E. Putney, x ; 

Sabktte, ch , 52.80; 
Penis Asso.. Cauiton, D. C. Jenne, xo; Toulon, xst 

du, Mrs. Stickney, x ; 
KKk River Asso., Rockton, ch., s; Sycamore, ch., 

Rockbridge, Rev. C. Scandrett, per C. F. Tohnan.' 

MICHIGAN, $xx6.ox. 

CdL per Rev. S. M. Stimson^ Dist. Sec'y, St. Jo- 
seph Valley Asso., White Pigeon, ch.. 

Jacboa Asso., Aurdius, ch., 3.75; Grass Lake, 5; 

I-eaervee Asso., Fairfield, ch., 

Sbi»a»a Asso , Vernon, ch., 

Washtenaw Asso., Aim Arbor, ch., X8.50; Clinton, 
ch-, 8; 

Hichtptn Asso., Layiavette-av. ch., Detroit, 

talatnatoo Asso., Battle Creek, ch., 

IOWA, $xo9.59. 

Cott. per Rev. C F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y, Daven- 
port Auo., Iowa Citv) ch- (of wh. 19 is fr. S. S., 
Tbeing proceeds of cnildxen s con. for Ongole Nor. 

poboqiie Asso., Worthington, ch.. 

Fox Stiver Asso , Bethletiem, Bro. Kennian and 

wife, xo; Milton, S. R. Bergen, xo; 
lova Valley Asso., Marshalltown, ch. 
unn Asso., Anamosa, ch., 6.50; Fairview, ch., 5; 

Winthrop, Persis Berry, tow. sup. Rev. J. £. 

Ooogh, 5; 
Oikaloosa Asso., Mimterville, D. McKay, 

MISSOURI, $95.50. 

Raaibal. J. W. Bradv, 

ooooevill^ ch. S. S., J. N. Parsons, 'tr., per Rev. 
W. S. Mckeiuie, 

KENTUCKY, $x.oo. 

IGItOB, Miss Lisie Arnold, for miss, work, care 
KcT. J. £. Clough, 













a8 6x 







ax 40 

aa 37 

aa 50 
53 80 
XX 00 

aa 70 

9 00 

X 50 

X5 00 


a6 50 

57 00 
3 a6 

57 59 
a 00 

ao 00 
xa 50 

x6 50 
x 00 

8 00 


Coll. per Rev. Thos. Allen, Dist Sec'y, Willon Is- 
land, Rev. T. C. Johonson, 

Kanawha Roxanna J. McKusick, for miss, work, 

care Rev A. Bunker, 
Parkersburg, by Rev. J. F. McKusick, per C. F. 


MINNESOTA, $40.35. 

Coll. per Rev. C F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y, Minneso- 
ta-Valley Asso., Lincoln, Swede ch , 

Southern Asso., Eyota, ch., 35; LeMriston, J. H. 
Firth. 5; 

WISCONSIN, $39x.93. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman^ Dist Sec'y, Janesville 

Asso., Beloit, ch., X6.07: Clinton, ch., 15: 
La Crosse Asso., Ontario, O. H Millard (of wh. 30 

is for buildine students' house in Ramapaum) ; 

Trempealean, Mrs. Hull and Truesdale, 5 each, 

xo; La Crosse, ch., 54 xs; 
Lake Shore Asso., Mfilwaulcee, German ch., Bros. 

C. B and W. -L., xo each, and Sister Fischer, 3; 

Bro. Gnas, .50; Bro. Woehlert, .35; Plymouth 

ch., 3, 
Walworth Asso., Delevan, ch., 
Winnebago Asso., Waukau, ch., 

KANSAS, $xo.oo. 
Gardner, T. G. Clark, 


Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y, San Die- 
go, mon. con. coll. 

CHINA, $380.33. 

Jenkins' acct.. Sept 30, 1876, 
Swatow Colls, per acct,. Rev. W. K. McKibben, 
Sept. 30, 1876, 38.58, and exch., 

BURMAH, $495.94. 

Henthada, local coll, for Miss H. E. Watson's sch., 
per acct., Sept. 30, 1876, Rs. 611 13-7, and exch., 

Fr. Burman Baptist con. ,for nat. pr., Rs. x8o; fr. 
S. Boyd est., tor nat. pr., Rs xa3; fr. native coll., 
Rs. 55: (per acct. Mr. George, Sept. 30, 1876), 
Rs. 358, and exch., 

INDIA, $41.93. 

Coll. fr. AUoor, ch., Rs. 73 ; fr. miscellaneous sourc- 
es, Rs. 9 X4-3, and exch., per acct. Kev. E. Bul- 
lard, Sept. 30, 1876; 

5 00 

X 00 

a 40 

xo 35 
30 00 

3X 07 

"4 «5 

'5 75 

xio xo 

xo 85 

xo 00 

8 60 

333 94 
46 39 

3X3 87 

X83 07 

4x 93 
$5,068 a8 


Cambridge, Mass.. Martha B. Hancock, on 
acct. of rent of one-sixth the estate to 
Nov. 33, 1875, Pci* Albert Vinal, Esq., X95 49 

Chevoit, O., Dea. Richard Gaines, per D. 
T. Stathem, agt., 50 00 

345 49 

$5.3'3 77 
Donations and legacies from April x to Dec. x, 1876, 43,403 91 

X 00 Donat. and leg. irom April x, X876 to Jan. x, X877, $48,7x7 68 


Rooms, Tremont Temple, Boston. 

Corresponding Sbcrbtary, Rbv. J. N. MURDOCK, D.D.. to whom letters relating to home work and 
the Union should be addressed. 

Trbasursr, freeman A. SMITH, Esq., to whom letters containing money for the general treasury shoald be 
addressed: also letters relating to Wills. Drafts, Checks, and PosUl Money Orders, except for the publications, shouklbe dians 
i n his favor. Friends wishbg to forward goods to missionaries through the Treasurer, should send him by mail a schc d nte of te 
contents and valuation of the package, with express or railroad receipt. 


New England District. — Rev. Wt S. McKenhe, D.D., Tremont Temple, Boston. 

Hin>soN*RivER District. ~ Rev. O. Dodge, 8 Murray Street, New York. 

New*York Central District. — Rev. Geo. H. Brigham, 94 South Salina Street, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Southern District. — Rev. J. V. Ambler, 1430 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 

Middle District. — Rev. Thomas Allen, Dayton, O. 

Lake District. — Rev. S. M. Stinsom, D.D., Terre Haute, Ind. 

North- Western District. — Rev. C F. Tolman, jt Randolph Street, Chicago. 


^\\e Woman's 8kpti0t Jtfi^onkfy ^odiety, Boston. 

Mrs. Alvam Hovbv, Cor. Sec, Newton Centre. Mrs. J. M. S. Williams, Treas. Tremont Temple, Bostoiu 

¥^e Won\knV Skpti^t Mi^^io^ki^ $odety of ti^e We^t, C^kkgo. 

Mrs. a. M. Bacon, Cor. Sec, Dundee, 111. Mrs* C R. Blackall, Treas., 6x Washington Street, Chicag*. 

Mu. F. M. Como, Cor. Sec., S«n Fmicisco. Mrs. M. E. Wattson, Tteai,, San Frandsoo. 


I also give and bequeath to The American Baptist Missionary Union dollars, for the purposes of the Union, as 

specified in the Act of Incorporation. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the Treasurer of tlit 
said Union, their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in the Act of Incorporation. 


I also give, bequeath, and devise to The American Baptist Missionary Union, one certain lot of land with tbe buikt 
lags thereon standing [4tfr# tUscrOe the frtmises with txacintu aind partiatlarUy\t to be held and possessed by the same 
Unionf their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in the Act of Incorporation. 


Can be mailed direct finom any Post-Office in the United States, at the following rates per hai/'9Hnc€ : — 

Bitrmah, Assam, Madras, xo cents, via Bfindisi, Southampton, or German Mail. 

Japan, and Ningpoo, China, via California, 5 cents. 

SwATOw, China, 10 cents. 

Bankok, Siam, via Southampton, aj cents, and 31 cents via Brindisi. 

SuROPBAM Letters, s cents. 

who may prefer to forward their letters through the Missionary Rooms can endoae them, with the pottage, bt •& 
•BVeloptdiraciedtoF. A. Skxth, Treasurer, TrcBont Temple, Boston, who will nuul them with the official 



• 1 •' 


yc !.i:.l^i^i'^'M 

Pagoda of Wat-Chang at Bangkok. 




Vol. L VII. — march, 1877.— No. 3. 


A LABORIOUS and beloved missionary, now in this country seeking health and 
strength Y that he may as soon as possible resume his work in Burmah, says in a pri- 
vate note sent to the Mission Rooms : " Well can I remember in boyhood the agoniz- 
ing cry <rf God's chosen ones who have now entered * the inner temple.' They were 
vront to plead thus, ' O God, overthrow the barriers that keep us out of China. Open 
Japan. Give us broad and ripened fields ; give us faithful laborers to reap those fields.* 
God has taken us at our word, and says to the Baptists, ' You want Jie/ds ; here they 
are all Of?er the'world, with every barrier overturned. You want men : here are the 
choicest men from the churches and the colleges of the land.' God has taken us at 
our word, and answered the prayers of the last half century, and we — we have not 
numhood enough to step up and pay the express charges on the goods we have our- 
selves ordered." 

*'Eveiy barrier overturned," says this missionar}\ Yes; the petition so recently 
prevalent in die monthly missionary concert of prayer has, indeed, been answered. 
We can see movements on every hand which are undoubtedly preliminary to that 
auspicious time, predicted and pledged in the word of the Lord, when ^' This gos- 
pel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations : 
and then shall the end come." The providence of God is plainly visible in secular 
history. He is rapidly and marvellously opening the way for his people to reach 
and evangelize all the nations of the earth. The political, social, and ecclesiastical 
changeSf now spreading so rapidly, and so violently shaking all lands, are manifestly 
of the Lord, making " straight in the desert a highway for our God ; " o^^ening up 
paths to the heralds of the cross into countries and among nations and tribes hith- 
erto inaccessible to the efforts of Christian missionaries. Some of our brethren 
encounter difficulties of no ordinary magnitude, even where access is easily secured, 
md where toleration is accorded by the ruling powers to the preaching of the gos- 
jcl ; but the way is being opened more and more. Even in Japan, once so rigidly 
md inexorably exclusive, the gospel may now be proclaimed with safety to the pei- 
4>ns of the missionaries, and with a freedom wholly unfettered. 

54 That Is It [Manhj 

When American Baptists, through the conversion of the Judsons and of Lutbe^ 
Rice to Baptist views, were called into the work of Foreign Missions, it was wil 
great difficulty a field of labor could be obtained and occupied. What remarkal 
and gratifying changes have transpired since that *' day of small things" ! H< 
has the whole world been thrown open to the Christian church ! The fields 
given us They are accessible and inviting. They are white for the harvest, 
reapers are called for. Many are ready to respond. But not even the means n< 
to sustain the work in hand can be procured. The occupancy of new and 
fields cannot be attempted, nor yet a re-inforcement of the feeble forces at the 
posts already taken and suffering for more laborers. ^ 

May He who has by his own right hand swept away the mighty barriers to tU 
propagation of the gospel, and has laid a whole world open at the feet of his peopU 
for them to enter and possess it for Christ, speedily and powerfully move upon tU 
hearts of his chosen flock, and constrain them to come forth to the grand work ol 
the hour. 



The Examiner and Chronicle is a warm advocate of Foreign Missions. Its edil 
torial columns are frequently used to emphasize the importance of this department d 
Christian work. Its utterances on this subject are always eminently pertinent ani 
forcible. In a recent issue of that journal we find the editor re-urging the old butenl 
vital question of stated and liberal giving to the cause of missions. Methods, wittil 
out intelligent and earnest principle, it is maintained, are futile, however wise «n| 
appropriate they may be as methods. ^^ More methods have been devised than conU 
well be counted." Below and behind all methods there must be a " Missionary Genii 
viCTiON." There we have it in a nutshell. The giving to missions that must have I 
fresh and yet more touching appeal to awaken it every time the giving is demandedi 
and demanded simply by the exigencies of a Missionary Society, is most precariouiil 
insufficient, and unsatisfactory. This enterprise of Foreign Missions, now assumiii| 
mammoth proportions, cannot be carried forward by some superficial and unstaUi 
impulse, and that an impulse begotten and fostered by the periodical cry of a Mil 
sionary Society struggling with the burden of a financial embarrassment. 

There must be a deeper, more solid and enduring basis in an intelligent, profouiM 
and fervent " Missionary Conviction " among the members of the churches. Th 
Examiner* s editorial states the case in the following energetic wofds : — ' 

" The urgent and wide-spreading need is a ' Missionary Conviction ' — a profound 
belief that Jesus Christ has himself laid the missionary cause on the hearts aa 
consciences of his people, and that he requires every one of them to hblp t 
ACCORDING TO THE MEASURE OF HIS ABILITY. Nobody need trouble himself t 
devise the best system of giving, when this grand conviction pervades a churcl 
The conviction will itself work out the best method of giving in the church that hi 
it, and without such conviction in a church, spasmodic and stingy giving is inefi 
table. To try to press out of a church a generous contribution once a year, in till 
absence of a controlling ' Missionary Conviction,' is like pumping water out i 
wells that are as good as dry." 

877.] That Is It. 55 

The question is asked, •' How shall this conviction be wrought into the churches." 
rbat is a question which strikes to the very core of the discussion which has been so 
king and so ably conducted in public missionary meetings, and in missionary tracts 
nd periodicals. Some tell us the end can be gained by resuscitating the Missionary 
Concert of prayer where it has died out, and revivifying it where it is regularly 
eontinued, though in a dying condition. But neither that meeting, nor any other 
■gcncy, can beget the needed conviction in a church, if the pulpit of that church lacks 
it. The one indispensable agency, affirms the article from which we have quoted, 
Ibr producing that '* Missionary Conviction " is a '* Missionary Pulpit." 
Never were truer words spoken. How soon would the ti'easuries of our Missionary 
Societies be abundantly replenished, and the work he more rapidly and widely ex- 
taided, both at home and abroad, if the pastors of the churches were under the 
inspiration of a profound and abiding " Missionary Conviction." 

But we can say nothing on this point so timely and forcible as that we find in the 
Examiner s editorial, and we quote it. 

•• It is impossible that the missionary spirit of a church should rise higher 

than that of the pulpit. Nowhere has the maxim ' like priest like people,' 

it more complete illustration than here. It is for the pastor first to bring himself 

within the shadow of the Mount from which the ascending Christ uttered his last 

[great commission ; and he must so hear what Jesus said that he cannot but commu- 

. aioite it, and iterate it in all its sublime impressiveness. It is not enough that his 

■ Bunistry is made to unfold and enforce the whole import of the ' Baptizing them^ 

\ vhich his Lord then commanded. That other momentous charge, ' Preach the 

COSPEL TO EVERY CREATURE,' must be made to stand in his ministry where it 

''• ttood in the commission of the Ascending One, and in the life and teaching of such 

a man as Paul." 

Let the truth couched in that paragraph get a firm g^asp of the ministry, let it come 
[ fcrtfa in their sermons and their prayers^ and ere long there will be in our churches 
[ a grand Missionary Revival. Such a revival is the one great need of the times. The 
[agencies which now seem to be essential in conducting the home work of Foreign 
\ lllssions will be unnecessary, and they can be abolished. 

The ministry in the pastorate is, we know, doing a vast work. Many and most 
important labors are laid upon the pastors, and results most valuable are being 
^ achieved by them. But in no one thing do the. churches so need to feel the power 
aod impulse of their pastors' convictions as in this direction. Secretaries, agents, 
monthly concerts, missionary conventions, appeals by returned missionaries, never 
can meet the demand of the hour. If ever the churches are brought up to the true 
ftandard of missionary zeal, intelligence, and activity, it will be by the power of the 
pnlpit working for that attainment, under a deep " Missionary Conviction." 

We quote another significant and weighty passage from the Examiner's editorial. 
It is this: ^^ We Baptists, ministers and brethren, do nobly in holding fast, against 
pemt odds, to our baptismal convictions. But it is far from being noble in us to 
treat the larger half of those last words of our Lord as thpugh implicit obedience to 
them were as non-essential a thing as the mass of professing Christians make the 
bi^kisin which Christ enjoined." 


One Ready To Die For Them. 


There is one hopeful indication to which, in conclusion, we may call atten 
Some of the churches in need of pastors are beginning to inquire, when a mir 
is recommended as adapted to a field, whether the man is likely to instruct and ^ 
up a church in the great missionary enterprises of the denomination ? That < 
tion has been frequently asked us of late when we have named to inquiring cl 
committees seeking for pastors, a brother minister, sound in doctrine, attracti\ 
his pulpit ministrations, and enterprising in his pastoral work. '* But do you \ 
whether he is interested in missions? Does he preach the whole of the Great < 
mission? " May the Lord hasten the Jjme when in all our churches will be wrc 
a "Missionary Conviction " — when in every church there will be a " Missio: 


Every one who looks into the average news- 
papers of our age, or listens to the comments 
made by irreligious persons upon religious mat- 
ters, must by this time be familiar with the ob- 
jection so often made against spending any 
money on Foreign Missions, viz., "Why do 
you not attend to the heathen at home ? There 
are thousands of benighted, ignorant persons in 
the bad wards of the great cities, who need the 
gospel as much as the natives of Borrioboola 
Gha." To this reasoning we might give one 
answer, and it would be quite sufficient for the 
purpose, and that is, that when the natives of 
all heathen lands have as fair an opportunity of 
hearing the gospel as the dwellers in our cities 
have, we may think of pausing in the great en- 
deavor of Christian missions. 

The objection above stated implies that noth- 
ing should be done for heathen abroad until all 
the heathen at home are converted. But the 

enemies of missions ought not to be igi 
of this, that we do not expect to have al 
converted anywhere. We are too well a; 
in the Scriptures that some will despL 
riches of God's grace, and will turn hi 
pel into a deadly savor to themselves, 
apostle Paul wept in the midst of his lab( 
see how many there were who walked a 
mies to the cross of Christ. By all his e 
he could not convert many of his Jewis 
Some one might have said to him, **W 
you spend your strength in going for he 
the Gentiles, when there are thousands o 
who still remain opposed to your gospel ? 
if Paul had waited till all the Jews wer 
verted to Christ, it is plain that he woul< 
had to wait till the Millennium; and 
apostles had so waited, it is plain the I 
nium could never come. — Examiner and i 


Mr. Moody, in one of his Boston Tabernacle 
sermons, on Enthusiasm in Christian work for 
the salvation of men, related the following 
story to illustrate and enforce his theme : — When 
I was in Philadelphia in 1867, on my way to 
Europe, Mr. George H. Stuart told me of a 
meeting he attended in Edinburgh of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, where an old mi9sionar)% who 
had been in India twenty-five years and had 
come back to die, was asked to plead for India. 
They had money, but couldn^t get men to go 
there. And the. old returned missionary spoke 
an hour and a half, and then he tinted away, 
and he was carried out and doctors called in. 

When he came round he said, •* Where a 
and then he said, **0, I was making n 
for India ; take me back and let me fini 
The doctors told him he must be taken 
but no, he said, he must finish it. ** 1 
finish that speech for India : they won't 
again for twelve months, and then I si 
dead. I must finish it.^' And so he ii 
on it ; and they brought the old man in 
and Mr. Stuart said there never was ! 
sight. When they saw him being brou 
the whole body rose as one man, not 
was said, and tears were flowing on ever 
And the old man stood there with his ha 

Giving in Hard Times, 


, £aint and exhausted; and closing up 
iech, he said: '*Isit true, fathers and 
. of Scotland; is it true, elders of 
d, that you have no more sons to go to 

If Queen Victoria sends out a call for 
y, you are always ready to send your 

fight her battles, and all the sons of 
d are ready to go. But the Lord Jesus 

has called, and no one answers. Is it true, Mr. 
Moderator, that Scotland has no son for India? 
Well, then, let it be announced, and although 
my health is shattered, I will go back to the 
shores of the Ganges, and let them know there 
is one poor old Scotchman ready to die for 
them if he cannot live for them." 


— The Presbvterian Board of Publication has justis- 
Mt timely ana excellent tract, bearing the above title. 

peal " to the People and their Pastors," and cannot 
good senrice for the cause of missions, if onlv " the 
d their Pastors " will give some attention to the facts 
iptes therein presented. We here reproduce a por- 
b tract, and earnestly request our Baptist brethren to 

e are hard times. There is no need to 

)r emphasize that fact, for it is well 

and felt through the whole community. 

been impressed through the last few 

by an economy more or less bitter in 
ousehold, extending from matters of en- 
nent and equipage down to the very toys 
children's sports. We are not called 
3 add a single syllable to the general 
ling talk on the subject, but we are 
upon, as Christians, to look at one as- 
' the matter, which is of the most vital 
mce to us as individual souls and to the 

of God, which we love — its effect on 
levolent work. 

11 the prevailing retrenchment it is the 
f the Church which has suffered first and 
I most. In the reports from the various 
re hear over and over again that the cut- 
)wn of expenses and curtailment of the 
as passed the point of retrenchment and 
ome "vivisection," "cutting to the 
endangering the very existence. Some 
most valuable agencies of our Church 
iking their appeal to us, not for more 
or a little help, but pleading for life, 
t is a singular commentary on our aver- 
iristianity that our economy begins, not 
larger fractions of our income which are 
i to our living, daily work and comfort, 
t of all in the smaller fraction which we 
svoted to the Lord. The attitude of the 

is well represented by a litde lad of 
some of us may have read in the papers 

There had been given to the little fel- 

low two bright five-cent pieces. ** One," he 
said, "was Johnnie^s five cents for nuts and 
candies ; the other was to be given to the mis- 
sionaries." But as he played about the fioor he 
soon came saying that he had lost one, and then 
the question arose, which was it he had lost? 
Ah ! that was a hard matter for him to decide, 
and there he stood with one hand in his empty 
pocket, the other holding the remaining coin in 
outstretched palm, looking and thinking. It 
meant so many nuts and candies, and yet 
Johnnie had been trained in the Sunday- 
school, and began to feel his duty to the work 
of the world. At last the answer came, though 
with a struggle: "Johnnie has lost the mis- 
sionary five cents." 

Look at yourself, average Christian of to-day. 
You may see yourself standing there. Stocks 
are down in the market and dividends fail ; the 
merchant retires to his office to think and look 
over the list of expenses. Matters of raiment, 
equipage, amusement, pass before his mind, 
and the money he gives in benevolence. But 
the doubt is a short one; first of all, and the 
deepest of all, the line of retrenchment runs 
through the portion of his income ordinarily 
given to the Lord. Yes, it is the " missionary 
five cents " that is gone. 

Business is dull, and in many a house the 

father and mother resolve themselves into a 

"committee on ways and means." The same 

matters of possible economy pass before their 

review. The struggle is a little longer, for the 

heart of the good woman clings with greater 

loyalty to the Master and his work, but there is 

the same result. Again the "missionary five 

cents " has been lost. 

In many a church the boards of trustees and 

session meet to take up the same debate. Pew- 
rents are not psdd, pledges are not kept. Mat* 


Giving in Hard Times. 


' ters of singing and repairs are thought of, and 
with these the benevolence which is always 
connected more or less closely with church 
support. The debate too often is very short : 
we cannot give so much away ; and again it is 
the ** missionary five cents " which is lost first 
and lost most hopelessly. The appeal could 
confidently be made to nine-tenths of the per- 
sons who read these words, if that same ques- 
tion has not come up to their hearts and been 
so decided, hard times touching God^s money 

** It is very natural," we say, ** for retrench- 
ment everywhere else means giving up of ease 
or pleasure or comfort or life, while here it 
costs the man nothing.'! If by "nature" we 
mean the short-sighted views and shallow rea- 
sonings of the selfish heart which belong to in- 
born sin, then it is '* natural," but it is not 
spiritual. In the light of the wisdom of God, 
in the presence of the deeper realities in which 
we live smd/or which we live, that procedure is 
a terrible mistake, for it is utterly opposed to 
all God^s plan of love for us and the purpose 
for which He has sent these very circumstances 
to surround our lives. This retrenchment, 
which cuts first and deepest at that money 
which we had laid apart as sacred to the Lord, 
strikes at the very root of our spiritual life as 
individual souls and as churches. Hard times 
are God^s time of trial, in which he tests us to 
see if we are worthy to receive the answer to 
our many prayers for spiritual blessing. Amid 
all the petulant complaints which have filled the 
lips of the people and the newspapers of the 
land, we have been tempted to ask again and 
again, who made these circumstances and sent 
these times ? The first answer is, with singular 
unanimity, the devil sent them, through ex- 
travagance of over-production, foolishness of 
luxurious living, and tricks of speculators in the 
markets. All true in a sense, but not in the 
deepest sense. The devil may have brought it, 
as it was **the messenger of Satan" that was 
a *' thorn in the fiesh " to Paul, but it was God 
that sent it, after all. As Christian men and 
Christian churches, we are called upon to re- 
member that we are not heathen and atheists, 
but those who believe — not in formal doctrine 
but in the inmost soul — that God rules all 
things, even the least, and that He sends all 

trouble for good to those who love Hin 
are called upon to gird up our loins as 
Christ, that we may read God's purpose 
in the light of the Bible, bring heart i 
into unison with his will, and obtain 
tended blessing. 

His meaning is not a hard one to rea 
will but look on it in the Bible by the ir 
tation of that Spirit which leads God's c\ 
For days and weeks and years, many of 
asked earnestly for that blessing of the 
power of the Holy Ghost, that our Vord: 
be like the inspiration of his wisdom, ou 
like miracles of grace done in his po^^ 
hearts filled with the knowledge of hi 
ence, and that we might grow up tow; 
divine purity. Every such prayer ha 
heard and is had in remembrance wait 
fore the throne of the Father. Now tl 
of his answer has come. But that answ 
a way we had not expected. Instead c 
pernatural effusion of divine splendor 
suddenly into the life, he has sent thes 
of trial to show whether we have really 
the words we have spoken — to show v 
we have enough of faith to stand loyal 
when loyalty means self-denial. 

After these days of trial are passed (ai 
of trial are short, while days of blessi 
long and many), there will be two ch 
Christians in our communities — one to 
the Bible will open with a depth and indi 
ity of meaning they have never known 
whose hearts and homes will be filled 
presence like the smiling of the fece of 
whose souls, filled with the larger spirit 
nevolence, will be answered by God in 
ual bounty of blessing. On the othei 
side by side with these, in the same c 
nity, another class of Christians will b* 
on the same old doubtful, saddened wa 
a litde weaker and darker than before, 
could see as God sees, we should trace i 
ference back to the very days in which we 
and see the very time of decision in wh 
one stood firm by the work of the Lo 
held sacred his portion, while the other bl 
in the day of trial, and proved themsel 
worthy of the blessing. 

Just here we see the urgent duty of tl 
istry in these days. It is the natural te 

Giving in Hard Times. 


[ix)ro exhortations to giving into God^s 
)ecause people must now feel so keenly 
f give. Ah ! my brother, will you foil 
>ved people just in the very crisis of 
ou have stood by them in sickness and 
out the meaning of God ; you have 
heir hearts in times of spiritual dark- 
ipening the light of the Bible promises 
aiting prayers ; will you fail them now, 
B blessing of many years of prayer 
in the balance? If you yield to this 
1 feeling of sympathy and let their 
row weak, you and they will fail in the 
s of the trial of God. Be faithful to- 
God's purpose /iv them in the Bible, 
d's pxupose to them in words of lov- 
ige, and the day which is fast passing 
e you and your church worthy of the 
for which you have prayed and waited 

imes are equally significant to those in 
:hes whose income is untouched, for 
esting the sincerity of their prayers, 
1 a different way. He looks to see, 
they, like these others, keep the por- 
oted to him sacred, but to know if 
now largely increase their gifts to him 
ivestment in his promises of grace, 
ire some in our communities to whom 
has a meaning which they will feel 
all the rest of their spiritual lives — 
lose investments have been so well 
• whose income is of such a nature, 
r means are unaffected by the trouble 
irkets. Such are even better off than 
X the money which is the same in its 
imount has a much greater purchasing 
But the Lord has not given them this 
:he midst of the trial of others that 
ht quietly indulge in it. He calls on 
>ear the same testing trial, though in a 
way. He has brought about these 
which the necessities of His work are 
ut with such bitter emphasis, not be- 
, to whom the wealth of the universe 
:ould not provide the little of His need 
)rld's work, but that He might bring a 
) bear on His people which should 
lent their sincerity, 
thers, my fortunate friend, you have 
uring long years for His power and 

presence; now God comes with a practical 
promise of investment, saying, as He said to 
the apostles in their poverty, ** Verily I say 
unto you, there is no man that hath left house, 
or brethren, or sister, or father, or mother, or 
wife, or children, or lands, for my sake and the 
gospePs, but he shall receive an hundred-fold 
now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sis- 
ters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with 
persecutions, and in the world to come eternal 

The terms of the investment are plain ones. 
For every dollar that a man shall invest in the 
work of God he promises to return *' a hun- 
dred-fold," not in heaven, but "in this time" 
— real blessing of heart and character which 
will be worth that amount by the man^s own 
confession when weighed in the balance of his 
common sense in after years — then, in the 
end, the whole amount back again in the *' eter- 
nal life." 

These are the terms of God's "gold-bearing 
bonds." We remember the time, not long 
ago, when the government issued its "gold- 
bearing bonds," and the eagerness with which 
men sought for them and economized down to 
the very necessities of life often, that they 
might purchase them. The reason was evi- 
dent : the terms of that promise were so &vor- 
able. He who purchased gave paper money 
and received a bond, sealed by the faith of the 
nation, declaring that each six months he should 
receive his interest, not in currency, with which 
he had bought, but in gold, and at the time of 
redemption he should receive the full amount 
of his bond, not in paper again, but in this same 
solid gold of the treasury. God, at this time, 
in the need of His Church, makes a promise far 
surpassing that of the nation in its security and 
in its generosity. For every dollar invested 
with Him He will give, as surely as the foun- 
dations of the divine government, ** an hundred 
fold," payable now, month by month and year 
by year, and that too not in the perishing 
money of this world, but in the gold of spir- 
itiial blessing. When the time of redemption 
shall come (as come it will soon to us all), He 
promises to give us back the principal, not in 
paper, but in the gold of eternal life. 

The time of the need of the Church is upon 
us, and the Lord has sent it, so fu* as our own 


A Burma n Priest Renouncing^ Buddhism. 

souls are concerned, that it may ask of us this 
question : how much will you invest in ** God's 
gold-bearing bond's '' ? The question is now, 
how much will you invest ? but the time comes 
soon when the question will be, how much did 
you invest? for the effects of God's opportuni- 
ties are seen soon after the acceptance or rejec- 
tion of his promises. We shall soon see some 
men among us growing so fast in spiritual in- 
sight, in peace, in development of Christian 
character, that we shall wonder ; but he who 
could sit with Christ ** over against the treas- 
ury " would not wonder, nor will the man him- 
self, except at the generosity with which God 
surpasses his promises ; the man invested in 
this treasury of God. There will be other men 
among us in our churches going on the same 
old saddened, deadened way, always seeming 
to aspire after, but never obtaining, joy and 
strength in spiritual life. We may wonder, 
but God knows, and the man himself will know 
the reason in his real inner consciousness ; for 
in the day when God tried his prayers hy offer- 
ing him this investment in spiritual blessing, 
the test of dollars and cents showed that all 
the eloquent petitions had been only words, 
the beautifully expressed feelings only senti- 
mentality ; and the Lord cannot answer such 
mockery of asking. 


In the February number of ** The Spirit of 
Missions^'' the monthly periodical ** edited for 
the Board of Missions of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America," Bishop 
Doane, of Albany, N. Y., has an Open Let- 
ter^ from which we clip the following plain 
and pertinent statements : — 

•• If you are not tired, let me say two more 
things. The diminished amount of offerings 

is so natural an accompaniment of fir 
pression, that it must not seem too i 
discouragement. I say natural^ me; 
nature of the old Adam, which needs c 
by the grace of God. And yet I do 
we ought * so easily to allow ' this € 
will tell you why I think so, by quotir 
said to the Albany Convention last we 
'' It is folly to plead hard times in 
tion of our indifference. There is not 
in a hundred whose charities equal 
gences ; not one in five hundred wh< 
smart of his giving ; not one in a th* 
least of all the really rich men — wh( 
any proportion to his ability. We m 
to measure alms by ability ; to take t 
Church in as the sphere of our symp 
to economize in luxury rather than in 
am inclined to think the whole cry 
times is wrong-headed, wrong-heaj 
wTong end first. We put for caus 
believe is effect. Let us * prove God 
of * robbing Him.' The people sa 
Haggai's day, * The time is not com< 
Lord's House shall be built.' They 
easier times. Meanwhile, as then, * / 
in ceiled houses,' and, meanwhile, the 
is withheld. Trade does not prospei 
fail. Stocks break. Money earned 
* Ye sow much and bring in little, and 
earneth wages, earneth wages to put 
bag with holes.'' * Ye looked for much 
it came to little, and when ye brought 
I did blow upon it.' *Why? saith 1 
of hosts. Because of Mine Houst 
waste ! ' And the Lord calls out to yo 
voice of His old prophet, that ye put i 
for effect ; that ye make not your sins 
cuse. .For ye say, * We withhold bea 
does not give ;' and God says, * I do 
because ye withhold.' " 



To-day our house has been a place of some 
excitement caused by the renouncement of 
Buddhism, by a priest of our place, who had 

worn the sacred dress for twenty ye 
had many obstacles, on account of 
tachment of his adherents, and we sc 


A Chinese Wedding, 


that Satan would prevail. He has stood 
I his purpose, and to-day he came to our 
and cast off his yellow robes. He came 
lis train of attendants who carried his 
and umbrella, and as he seated himself, 
of them bowed before him three times 
wen of reverence, and called him **a 

had some conversation about the monas- 
jid then he followed one of our preachers 
. private room, where he cast off his sa- 
iress. While he was out his disciples 
pictures of real sorrow. They smote 
)reasts, and said as they looked towards 
3or, '^We can never endure the sight." 
few minutes the curtain was thrown up, 
leir priest came forth in his lay dress and 
himself. As he came out they gave a 
ed groan and a sigh ; they looked strange, 
le priest looked strange, and there was a 

T each had taken in the true state of the 
the men approached with familiarity/ took 
»f his dress, and replied to him as a man 
naan. The priest himself seemed very 
s, and Miss Evans and I thought, made 
effort to control his emotions as he sat in 

as not long before his followers rose to 
d here the difference between the de- 
t and entrance was so marked that the 

people were perplexed. They looked con- 
fused, then got up slowly, and looking at him 
some said, ** You are only a man now,'^^ Some 
smote their breasts a little and said we are 
sorry ; but one woman turned back, and with a 
subdued laugh said, ** I will not worship you 
now but go right out." 

Then the hour for eating came, and this was 
strange enough to our new man, for the priests 
are not allowed any food after mid-day. Be- 
fore dark he went back to the monastery to 
claim his things, and present the monastery to 
his supporters. There was some excitement 
as he went through the village in his new dress. 
At first he proposed to go through the fields to 
avoid the laugh and scorn of the people, but 
we told him he had taken the step thus fau* in 
boldness, and so he decided to return by the 
same route he had come. 

He has returned to us, and now he says, 
•* My mind is cold." This is the way they ex- 
press peace. This man wishes to be baptized, 
but we shall wait to have him more fully in- 
structed. He has left the priesthood, and 
made one great step out of sin and darkness, 
and now we wait to see how much faith he has 
in Christ as a Saviour. To-morrow will be his 
first Sabbath with the Christians. Some of 
our Christians once called him th€ir god, and 
it will be a little strange to see them all sitting 
together on the same level. 



ND you an account of a wedding which 
f attended at Kui-Su, a town forty miles 
►f Swatow. No foreign lady was ever in 
y before. Being so fortunate as to make 
)uaintance of the ladies of one of the 
s in the place, I was invited by them to 
!dding. As a foreigner seldom has the 
unity to see a purely pagan family 
hout a domestic festivity like this, I 
lad to avail myself of the opportunity 
me. I hope some of the readers of the 
ine may be benefitted by knowing how 
men here marry. 

The previous evening there was a puppet- 
show, costing two dollars, on a little stage 
before the door of the bridgroom's father. It 
was, like all Chinese theatrical performances, 
free to all who chose to come and look, being 
called and paid for by the host. In-doors, 
racks on two sides of the main room were 
filled with baskets holding cakes, which the 
family and its relatives had for many days been 
employed in making. A large red silk curtain 
was hung across the end of the room opposite 
the chief door, and a large table in the Autre 
was piled tastefully with cakes and confection- 


A Chinese Wedding. 


ery in scrolls, with congratulatory sentences 
written on them, the gifts of invited guests, 
hung thickly on the side walls. A band of 
music played all the evening, and all passers by 
went in to see the festive arrangements. Early 
in the morning, the bride was brought home in 
a sedan chair covered w^ith scarlet cloth. She 
was sixteen years old, an only daughter, and 
had been betrothed for five years. The en- 
gagement was made by a woman, called a go- 
between, whose business was match-making, 
and neither the bride nor her parents had ever 
seen the bridegroom. Her parents had re- 
ceived twenty-eight dollars for her from the 
bridegroom\s father, and were to receive two 
dollars more in money, and fourteen dollars^ 
worth of edibles on the following day. She 
had the evening before been washed in water 
with twelve kinds of flowers in it, and was 
dressed in red silk trowsers, a green silk petti- 
coat, and a blue silk tunic. Over these was a 
scarlet tunic extending from neck to feet. 
Her hair was almost concealed by gilt orna- 
ments, and she wore a veil of red gauze, under 
another of red silk fringe. I was told that her 
duty was to cry aloud on leaving home, else she 
failed in respect to her parents. She was ac- 
companied from home only by the go-between 
and another old woman, the mistress of cere- 
monies, and she would see none of her own 
relatives for four months, after which time she 
would return for a four months^ visit to her pa- 
rents. On her arrival at her father-in-law's 
house, she was taken into a small side-room, till 
she was brought out and placed beside her hus- 
band at the wedding breakfast. At this, only 
the bride and groom sat down, and only the 
groom ate. The groom was seventeen years 
old, an only son, and his father was considered 
well-to-do, having some two thousand dollars 
invested in his business. He wore green trow- 
sers, a brown damask silk tunic, and a black 
hat with a red silk tassel on the top. During 
the meal, the bride sat with her hands folded 
and head bowed behind her veil, and the mis- 
tress of ceremonies stood beside the bride- 
groom and picked tit-bits for him, with a pair 
of long chop-sticks from the numerous dishes 
on ^e table. With each thing she took up 
in her chop-sticks, she chanted a stanza of four 
lines. She predicted that the next year they 

would embrace a male child ; that they 
have seven sons and three daughters; 
their children would all be handsome 
that they would take literary degrees; 
they would build new houses, and woi 
wealthy, and live long. After the bride^ 
had made a very abundant breakfast, in 
he manifested great liking for lobstei 
bride returned to her room and the bridej 
was called to untie the inner veil whic 
then taken off her face, and she peere 
through the red silk fringe. Then sh 
placed on a chair at the foot of her red t 
bed, with piles of red boxes, containin 
wardrobe each side of her, and there s 
mained all day, silent and motionless. 

Meanwhile all the family and kin we 
gaged in preparations for the evening 
About dark, messengers were sent to call 
of the invited guests, who were all men. 
behind a screen at the door of a side 
where the women were, and looked on. 
red tables, each three feet square, were r 
at comfortable distances apart in the 
room, with seats for two on each sid 
small wine-cup, a pair of chop-stick 
earthen spoon, and a small saucer were { 
for each guest. A saucer of sweetmeats ' 
each corner of the table, and two decantc 
hot wine at one side. The host, the 
groom's father, stood near the door, faci 
and each guest as he arrived stood still 
door, while the host went and relaid the 
sticks, slightly moved the chair, and m 
low obeisance at the place which this gue 
to occupy, then returned to the guest who p 
him with a low reciprocated bow, and wei 
stood at the seat indicated by the host. '^ 
the chief and guests, two at each table 
thus been placed, those of lesser impoi 
came in in groups, the host pointed out 
seats without ceremony, and all sat down 
ultaneously. All guests wore tunics rea 
to their feet, and the red tasseled hat of 
mony. The host did not sit down at 
per, but superintended the bringing of 
for the guests. When he himself placed s 
on a table, all at that table rose to recei 
The servants brought the food on trays 
placed a bowl fiill in the centre of each tabU 
all ate from the common dish, deftly pi 


A Chinese Wedding, 


lumps of food with their pak of chop- 
held somewhat as we hold a pen, in the 
and. All the food was in little lumps or 
requiring no carving, nor use of knives, 
irfectly prepared for chop-stick manipu- 
Some of it swam in broth which was 
liirith an earthen spoon. Two at table 
itly poured hot wine into the cups of 
'here were thirty-two dishes, each of 
lixed ingredients as to form a complete 
in itself, and the dishes increased in size 

the end of the feast. Among the dbhes 

I recognized, there was chicken, salt 

fish, pork boiled in molasses, bean curd, 

uts sliced and boiled in sweet soup, and 

All was minced and mixed, and there 
othing on the bill of fare to which a 
i .cook would affix au natureL I no- 
n economical device in the large dishes, 
f laying a huge turnip in the middle, so 
le apparently heaped up delicacies had a 
►f less cost. There was no conversation 

the meal and no greater hilarity than 
It bows and infrequent monosyllables, 
^ve his grave attention to the business 
d, and ate '* without haste and without 

The bridegroom, fearing practical jokes 
upper, left the room about the middle of 
St, and was seen no more that evening, 
i of four musicians, hired for three dol- 
•layed during the supper. Toward the 
le mistress of ceremonies went to each 
chanted a stanza in honor of the guests, 
laced on the table a tray with eight cups 
Each guest drank the tea, replaced the 
ad dropped into it from twenty to a hun- 
ash, (from two to ten cents), which was 
ed to be divided between the go-between 
le mistress of ceremonies. At the end 

feast, indicated by the bringing on of 
•alls of boiled rice — flour dough, all rose 
mt out to another apartment. Then the 
1, with their friends and children, poured 

the side-rooms and quickly re-arranged 
Dies for their own supper, setting out all 
as left from the masculine repast. When 
men had supped, the tables were cleared 
- the women returned to the side-rooms, 
e male guests who were not relatives re- 

to see the bride. She did not appear 
large FOQm, but with the go-between sup- 

porting her on one side, and the mistress of 
ceremonies on the other, she approached the 
door of the small room in which she had been 
all the evening sitting, and the male guests 
came to the door with candles in their hands 
to look at her. The festivity seemed to consist 
in urging her to come one step nearer, and in 
asking to see her small feet. She looked stead- 
ily at the floor, silent, and with unchanging 
face, and only moved forward when lifted on 
by the two old women. When they raised her 
veil for a moment she threw her long sleeves 
over her face, whereupon the old women with- 
drew her into a dark corner of the room, and 
the guests returned to their labored merriment 
in the large room. This exhibition of the 
bride was repeated several times, the impu- 
dence of the guests increasing until in any en- 
lightened land it would have brought the fists 
of the bride's father or brother in their faces. 
When my wrath had reached such a pitch that 
I was about to undertake the duties of a brother, 
and rise up to slay those sixteen Chinamen, 
they threw some handfuls of cash on the table 
as *• a reward for seeing her face " and went 
home. I asked a woman who sat beside me if 
she did not think it was a shameful thing for 
the bride to be so treated, and she answered 
that that was Chinese custom, and inquired 
if they did not do so in my country. The 
bride slept that night in her new red bed, her 
bridal-chamber being really a corner of the 
£unily kitchen. 

The next morning, the bride and groom 
worshipped the ancestral tablets, and paid 
obeisance to the older members of the family. 
Red chairs covered with red cloth, were placed 
one on each side of a table on which candles 
and incense were burning, and the newly mar- 
ried couple knelt before these three times bow- 
ing their heads to the earth. The chair was 
slightly moved and the cloth re-arranged as 
each new person was thus emblematically wor- 
shipped. Some of those worshipped were ab- 
sent. Those present rose from their seats in 
any part of the room and stood while they 
were being worshipped impersonally at the 
red chair. Then the bride gathered up the 
skirt of her red tunic to hold the gifts of 
money that were put into it by those to whom 
she had done homage, and each put in a few 


Missionary Correspondence. 


dimes or a dollar. This would be used by the 
father-in-law in defraying the expenses of the 
wedding. After this, the bride retired to her 
bed-room, and her head ornaments and red 
dress were removed. Then all the household 
beside prepared to send off the presents of 
edibles to the bride's femily. Three hundred 
and sixty little red mince pies, forty red puffs 
of rice-flour, two cakes three feet across, lob- 
sters, pork, fish, fowls and confectionery, 
were put in red boxes and carried on the 
shoulders of bearers to their house, three miles 
away. Then the important ceremonies of the 
wedding were over. 

As it would be considered very unlucky for 
the bride to see a person dressed in mourning, 
or one who had lately borne a child, or another 
bride, or to eat anything from a house where 
there had recently been a death or marriage, 
she will be carefully considered during the next 
four months. Then she will spend four months 

at her parents^ house, and after that s! 
begin her life-work of serving the elder 
bers of her husband's family. She wi! 
the chickens and pigs, cook, wash, can 
dens, and hope for male children as h( 
good. There are lands in which wome 
have lost the highest social joy, turn sad 
find consolation in the love of their ch 
Here the sweetest love a woman dream; 
that of her little children, and even her 
nal love is degraded, because she has 
no other. There is no romance in the li 
Chinese woman, and nothing chivalrous 
character of a Chinese man. Here is a 
which has had four thousand years in wh 
prove what unassisted humanity can do 
self, and its women have no sweeter jo 
the certainty that they shall always have e 
to eat, and its men no nobler ambition tl 
have numerous descendants. 


MisHon to the Burmans* 

Letter from Mrs. Ingali^. 

Thongzai, Nov. 25, 1876. 

Baptisms. — The pastor of the Thongzai church 
has returned from a trip of five weeks, and reports 
the baptism of five Burmans at different places. 
There are also many applicants from the region 
where we were working when our place was burned. 

More Light needed. — They have not clear 
ideas of the Sabbath-day observance, but would like 
to work when they are pressed. They say " salva- 
tion comes by Christ, and not good works;" and 
so we wait for the Spirit to show them the light of 
the New Testament. 

THE Work of Death. — It is a time of fever 
among our people, and we tremble over the antici- 
pated loss of those whom we love. The wife of 
one of our Karen pastors has been taken, and 
others are ill. We have just received the tidings of 
Mr. Crawley's death. Before we had ordained pas- 
tors here, Mr. Crawley used to come and baptize 
our converts; and he was known and loved by 
many. "It is all right with him/* they say, "but 
what a loss to Burmah ! '' It is indeed a loss to 
Bormah, and to his dear family ; and to m< it is a 
very great loss. He was a true brother, and knew 
so well how to help a woman in her work.. May 
God comfort the dear stricken family ! 

Mi88iaf% to the Shans* 

Letfer from Mrs. Gushing. 

Mandrlay, Nov. 22, 

Feeling and Action. — This morning t 
tober Magazine has found us in this co 
the world, and I have read the article on 
something to arouse.'' The thoughts expres 
just what a missionary must feel. I thougl 
reading it that if the Christians at home coul 
just our circumstances, they would not fail 
aroused, for a few moments at least ; and ye 
they would settle back into self-interest befo 
had given the help we need. I know from 
ence in trying to interest people at home, th 
not a difficult matter to make the tears drop 
warm up the heart to quite a glow for a f 
ments ; but before anything is actually nccom 
in the direction needed, the people have thoi 
the claims of their households, or of soci 
have gone out into the street, and the sigl 
sounds have dispelled all serious considera 
that interesting subject, and another thrilli 
will be demanded before another tear will b 
or contribution given. 

Plans Disarranged. — We always take 
granted that you at least know our drcumi 
and are doing your best to keep everybody inl 
in each one of us. But I wonder if you dc 


Missionary Correspondence. 


w we are situated now? We left home with 
irance that a missionary for the Shans should 
in the autumn ; and with that understanding 
de our plans for work on arriving in Bur- 
in England we learned, with how deep sor- 
u can hardly realize, that of the two men to 
it this year, neither would join the Shan 
1. We also learned in London that the mis- 
K of another Society were making moves 
oked like settling in the place for which we 
ade plans, and that the sooner we showed 
es on the ground the better, if the A. B. M. 
really wanted that station for their own. We 
lanned to examine Bhamo with reference 
Ihan station, and to occupy it if possible, 
affairs should be settled, house provided for, 
lough of the language acquired by the new 
lary to enable him to be independent, Mr. 
g was to leave him at Bhamo and go nearer 
^ to have printed the portions of the Bible 
' prepared, and to make further translations. 
EFiL Signs in Toungoo. — When we arrived 
igoon, we received such beseeching letters 
oungoo, from natives and missionaries, that 
led cruel and almost like refusing to accept 
gs from the Lord, not to return there at once, 
oo, like many other stations in Burmah, 
on the eve of a great revival. Natives no 
dispute and raise objections, but listen with 
aterest, express their assent to the doctrines, 
int to hear more. Shans from all the villages 
are in a most hopeful state ; they only need 
ingt — some one to declare to them the 
of Christ. Was it right to turn away from 
already white for the harvest? But what 
«re do? Now is the favorable time for going 
mo, if ever ; now we have the appropriations 
ermission; and though the new missionary 
iled us, yet our hearts are strong, our hands 
\, and if kings are favorable, the opportunity 
lot be lost. 

THE Irrawaddy. — So in Rangoon we pre- 
ourselves for jungle work, took a few clothes, 
dishes, a jungle bed, two travelling-chairs and 
ng-table, two Shan preachers from Toungoo, 
idng still further the working force there, — 
arman preacher from Rangoon (we expect 
iren preacher to the Kay>chins from the Bas- 
ome Mission Society), and came up the Irra- 
in a steamer to this city. Our errand here is 
in from the king of Burmah the necessary per- 
1 to live in Bhamo, build there if desirable, 
) travel in the northern Shan states, they 
the only ones we have not been through. 

The Leavkn Working. — Opportunities for 
preaching and giving tracts on the steamer were all 
we could wish, and many hopeful cases appeared of 
people who had seen books before, or had heard 
something of the religion in the lower country, and 
who were willing all about them should know their 
belief. It seems really wonderful, the change that 
has taken place within the last few years. The 
sixty years of tract distribution and preaching is the 
leaven which is now moving the whole mass. 
While in Rangoon, there was not a day but I heard 
of new believers, new candidates for baptism. At 
Prome the faithful pastor said the continual coming 
of believers and inquirers made him think of " the 
rains,'* so constant and abundant they were. 

Awaiting Reply from the King. — On arriv- 
ing here we found that the great queen had died 
two weeks since, and is not yet buried or burned ; 
and that no business can be brought to the notice 
of the king until that is first disposed of. Having 
gone through all the preliminary steps, we now wait 
to receive some answer to the letters presented and 
requests made. It may be two weeks, or even 
more, before we can leave this city for Bhamo, but 
hope, if possible, to get off by the steamer which 
leaves the last of this month. 

Plan of Labors in Bhamo. — When we arrive 
there, we intend to select a %ayai in a central loca- 
tion, and spend the days in telling every listener the 
story of Jesus, simply as possible, and with as little 
controversy as they wiU allow us to. Should we 
find Bhamo a favorable place for a Shan station, we 
shall look about for the right place to put up a 
temporary house, expecting you wilQ provide for it 
and a permanent one in time. 

An Earnest Plea for Help. — But while we 
live in Bhamo and preach, who will read proof for 
printing the Gospels? who will go on with transla- 
tion? who will gather in the harvest in Toungoo? 
and who will advance from there into the southern 
Shan states and follow up what has already been 
done there? — for the Shan country should be en- 
tered from both sides. If we scatter seed we must 
also reap. No man plants a field and then turns 
away and plants another, always planting and never 
reaping. Such is not worldly wisdom ; and does it 
become us, as children of light, to do such an 
unwise thing? Sometimes, in our anxiety to have 
the work progress in all its parts, we remember that 
we, though nominally one as husband and wife, are 
really two bodies, and so might be in two places at 
the same time, and propose to live, one in Bhamo 
and one in Toungoo, until the committee and 
the churches, and the individual memben of the 


« Missionary Correspondence. 


churches, feel that we at least see the necessity 
of another helper in the Shan mission, and leave 
it for them to say when they will si4>ply the 
demand and allow us to be united as husband 
and wife. We have laid before you a great 
many times the dimensions of the Shan country, 
the number of people, and the need of hav- 
ing the Bible translated now, the dictionary and 
other books prepared, and also of preaching 
the unsearchable riches of Jesus Christ; and 
you know one person cannot do all this. You 
will say yes, and you have appointed men to this 
mission ; but from one reason and another they fail 
to reach the mission. All that is true ; but mean- 
while matters are not bettered here ; and as far as our 
work is concerned it is the same as though nothing 
had been done. When will you aetually put a man 
into the Shan Mission? When will you make it 
possible for us to approach the great people from 
two sides, and put affairs on a more permanent 
basis than they are now? Or do the committee not 
care for this mission, and think it had better be left 
to itself, and die out when the present incumbents 
die? Do not answer in pleasant words if there is 
no real help to be had, but let us know the true 
state of the case, that our hearts may rest on fact, 
and not on fiction. 

Perhaps all this would not arouse Christians at 
home ; but it arouses us to our inmost souls, and, 
to our minds, demands help at once, I write all 
this because I would say it if I could sit down by 
your side a little while this morning. 

MisBifyn to the Assamese. 

Letter from Mr. Ma-son. 

GowALPARA, Dec. 4, Z876. 

Promising Helpers. — I have spent one week 
in camp, and expect to start day after to-morrow on 
another tour of two or three weeks. We have 
much to encourage, not only in receiving new con- 
verts, but in beholding the growth in grace among 
Christians, especially among our Normal School 
boys. I had two of the older ones with me in my 
last tour, and it did my soul good to see their earn- 
estness. They not only did good service in assist- 
ing me, but whenever there was any leisure, they 
would go to the adjoining villages and preach, as 
they had opportunity. I often heard them talking 
of religion until very late at night. Indeed, I 
heard one of them, who slept in the fore part of my 
tent, preaching in his sleep; and he very nicely 
answered an imaginary question as to what be- 
comes of little children in the other world. 

Educating Helpers. — I feel that the re 
training of these young men in our normal sc 
among the most important of our labors. W 
for the past five months been supporting one 
brightest and best graduates in a school in Cs 
with the hope of getting a competent man 
our own heart — who would not go to the Telt 
or some other field — to take charge of our ! 
and bring the standard to a higher plane. 1 
has been very ill, and physicians do not tl 
wise for him to remain there longer. I supp 
is now on his way home. If his health perm 
shall hope to do much for him even here. 1 
after much delay, succeeded, through the assi 
of Rev. J. H. Rouse, of Calcutta, in getting 
gali Christian from Calcutta to assist in our i 

A Girls' School Needed. — I hope you v 
forget our call for a helper to take charge of 
school. ... In my opinion, the work i 
greatly suffering for the want of such a schoo 
cannot afford to have all the women live ii 
ranee. There seems to be an increasing 
among the young women and girls for an 
tion. There are at present twenty-six studyii 
the boys in the different village schools, and 
are anxiously waiting for the "mem-sah 
come and start a girls' school. tVe need a 1 
at the earliest possible date. 

More Laborers. — Again, my heart ache 
for the thousands of Hindoos and Muss 
right here in the bazaar, who have no mis' 
whatever. Oh that I had the gift of t 
and the power of half a dozen men, or 
that there were men and means ready t 
up this work! I hope the day is not f 
tant when a family will be sent to Gowal] 
labor among these people of the plains. W 
now in our school three Rabhas, Hindoo 
some distance north of the Brahmapootra, 
that the Lord may soon have a burning light 

Tufa, Assam, Dec la 

Letter from Mr. Phillips. 

We are in very good health now. For m 
can say that during two years' life in Assam 
enjoyed almost perfect health. We shall ha^ 
here two years, one week from to-day. Pe 
have had the best health of us four, but w 
been greatly blessed in this respect, all of us. 

A New Station Token. — You see that 
Turn at last. Alter all the wishing, the talkii 

Missionarx Correspondence. 


g, there is the prospect that we shall, to 
ast, have a mission station here. May the 
' mercies grant that it may speedily be- 
:ntre of blessed saving influence for these 

jowalpara Nov. yth, reaching Dhubri, a 
:nt station, fifty or sixty miles down the 
the following day. Here I stopped to get 
s for building, as this is a place to which 
MLulcse coolies come from Nepaul, seeking 

have decided to build first a very small 
'f 24 by 30 feet, and we will occupy that 
s other b being built. When we have 
Qg it as a dwelling, by removing the inside 
rhich will be made of n^ats — it will be 
inged into a chapel. 

now well begun, and I hope soon to com- 
ind then to bring Mrs. Phillips here, and 

be our home. I have been here about 
iks ; and my working force has gradually 

to seven Nepaulese coolies, six Garos, and 
:rs, cutting lumber for the bungalow. I 
adually to get together as many men as I 
I hope to have the roof completed before 

set in. If I do, the work can be carried 
I the rains, and perhaps may be completed 
;xt cold season. 
RAGEMENTS. — But while I am disappoint- 

being able to push on the work of build- 
hoped to do, I am greatly encouraged by 
tect of finding those who will quickly accept 

new?. I reached here late on Saturday 
Sunday evening, I had a service in the 
lere are a number of Garo coolies employed 
!}ovemment. A number of these attended, 
everal others. Nearly all had heard a little 
gospel from different persons, but really 
7 little indeed. They gave close attention, 
; so interested that they, of their own ac- 
ne again on Monday evening, and came 
:ral other evenings during that week. I 
one of our native preachers with me from 
sa, and also one of the school-boys, tempo- 
i servant. We had very interesting meet- 

e next Sunday we held two services. At 
day evening meeting they proposed — as 
e obliged to work hard during the day, and 
homes are some distance from my tent — 
ead of coming to the tent, they would meet 
at one of their houses during the coming 
id worship God. One of them is from near 
md has been baptized. He seemed ready 
o take a new interest. It was at his house 

that a few of them met Last Sunday one of them 
told me that he was worshipping God. I have much 
hope for them. 

The Fruit of Former Labors. — Four of the 
Garos I have at work for me are from a place a few 
short days* journey into the hills from Rajasimila. 
A school was taught for some time a few years ago 
in their village, so that they learned considerable of 
the truth. One was at the time persuaded to be- 
come a Christian. But the school ceased to exist, 
and he went ba^ to the heathen customs. But he 
did not forget the truth, and of late he tells me he 
has been thinking more about it. Providence 
seems to have brought them to us. Three of them 
are very much interested, and come to my tent now 
evenings to hear the truth. They sleep with my 
school-boy servant, only a few rods from my tent, 
and so can come easily. As I am writing they 
have just left the tent. I read to them the account 
of Christ's birth, and prayed with them. We have 
been talking together, and the one just mentioned 
said that hereaffer, whatever might oppose, he 
would give up his heathen practices and ^rve God. 
He thinks his wife and children are favorable to 
(he gospel, and will receive it, too; but, though 
they oppose, he says it will not hinder him. The 
other two have not s]>oken as plainly, but seem to 
give full assent to the truth. I believe they are all 
" such as will be saved." I am thankful that they 
have come, and pray for strength to teach them. 

Providential Guidance. — This is the way 
Providence seems to have brought them here. In 
cases of need Government is ready to help the peo- 
ple by lending them money. There is some scarcity 
in their village, and so about twenty of them came 
here to borrow money from Government. For 
some good reason the money was not given. As 
they were about to leave disappointed I offered to 
give them work, and so give them an opportunity to 
earn some money. These four accepted the offer. 
May it not be that their extremity was God*s oppor- 
tunity to bless them? We will hope so, yes, with 
hope amounting almost to certainty. 

A Candidate for Baptism. — I am glad also 
to report that there is one candidate for baptism 
among the policemen. He is from one of our 
Christian villages, or rather from one where we have 
a school and some converts,and so knew much of the 
truth before coming here ; he still needs instruction, 
but I think him a fit subject for baptbm, and hope 
to baptize him 'ere long. 

Christian Policemen. — There are two Garo 
Christians among the police besides him, and three 
others in the police out-stations. I hope they may 


Missionary Correspondence. 


be brought back from their wanderings. There are 
a large number of Garos among the police, and I 
hope to reach many of them. I have not yet done 
much preaching to the Garos living near, though I 
sometimes get opportunity to speak with them as 
they are coming and going. Last Sunday a num- 
ber were in, and listened attentively — I can*t say 
quietly, for they talked nearly as much as I during 
quite a part of the service. It is all new to them ; 
they have not heard a word of the glad tidings 
before. We must begin at the v«ry beginning of 
the gospel with them. 

Their constant reply is, " haija " I do not know ; I 
find it much more difficult to talk with them than 
with the people nearer Damra, on account of dia- 
lectic differences. 

TuRA AN Important Point. — I am indeed 
thankful for the encouragements we have so at the 
very beginning. I am glad that I am here, and that 
the time seems to be so near when we shall occupy 
this as a mission station. 

I am more and more persuaded that it is wholly 
desirable that a missionary be stationed here. Tura 
is the centre of influence for Garo-land, and will be 
more and more so. They come here from all partS 
of Garo-land. We should, by all means, make this 
a centre of religious interest, as it is of political. 

Mission to ths Teloogooa. 

Letter from Mr. Clough. 

.Okgolb, Dec. xx, X876. 

A Dark Prospect. — We have had no rain of 
any consequence over the larger part of Southern 
India for thirteen or fourteen months. Crops gen- 
erally are a total failure of course, and the country 
is dry and parched. The grain is well-nigh used 
up, and an awful famine is, to all human appear- 
ance, just before us. The Christians are mostly 
very poor, and depend upon their labor for support ; 
but there is no work to be had, hence hundreds, 
yes, thousands of them, including children, do not 
have to the amount of one good meal once in two 
days. This being the case, they cannot help sup- 
port their preachers and teachers as heretofore; 
hence my sixty assistants, with their wives and little 
ones, must be fed by us wholly, or else they must 
perish ; for there is no hope of another crop until 
next August or September. 

Our Girls' School and Normal School are full, 
abont fifty students in each. Prices of grain are so 
high that the expense is much more per month than 
any year heretofore, although all are living on two- 

thirds rations. All this is sad news, and I dis 
pen it ; but I feel that I must. 

(Jovernment Relief. — Government is s 
" Relief Works," and shipping in rice, &c., 
extensive scale. In fact, unless millions, /// 
are provided, either directly or indirectly, wit! 
they will die of starvation. I, for the past 
months, have been writing to ofHcials, and t 
and begging. Thank God, my requests have 
or are about to be, granted ! Government 
fully awake, and is at work energetically. I 
it will be in time to save the masses, thougb 
not all. 

Private Help. — Notwithstanding our tn 
we as a mission have many things to be tb 
for. God has sent to our district our good, 
hearted christian friend. Judge Sharp, who is 
collector. He is ready for every good work 
day I received from him, from his own private 
Rs. 500, to aid the poor starving Christian 
a letter, which did me Rs. 100 worth of good 

The Needy Coming to the Mission He 
Half-starved men, delegations from differe 
lages, drag themselves up to the mission 
every day ; and I am worked until I canno 
any longer, then have to close the door. > 
week or two I trust that government wil 
''Relief Works" commenced on such a seal 
grain here in such quantities, that all who are 
to work, however young or old, can get eno 
eat to sustain life; then, of course, I sha 
relieved to a great extent. I have offered i 
vices to government to act as commissi 
Ongole, or for some part of this district, duri 
famine. I may be called upon soon. Of cc 
take this step to save life, and especially to » 
Christians; for we have reason to believ< 
unless the government has the aid of hone 
cient men, the Brahmin of&cials will obtain r 
the aid designed for the poor. If my services 
be needed, as I have indicated, I dare say tl 
and the executive committee will be please 
course I expect, should I be employed as c( 
sary, to preach as much as I do now, and t 
much as now about Jesus, but shall hope t< 
means at my disposal to back up my good 
with substantial tokens of love, acceptable t 
gry Heathen, and hungry Christians also. 

Firm in the Faith. — The Christians, the 
great distress, are firm in faith. I have not 
of one who has renounced his faith in Jesus, I 
the heathen abuse them awfully in many 
and charge them with being the cause of th 
ine, and urge them to return to the gods o 

Missionary Correspondence. 


I am in receipt of the best of news as to 
t*s work over the Ongole mission-field. 
: believing in Jesus. 

LUNG Arrested. — On account of the 
t b utterly impossible to travel with pony 
>ck cart, as before. I am, however, devis- 
ler plan, and hope to be able soon to go 
:art, pony, or tent even, to the more im- 
illages, using the school-houses to put up 
Van Someran, Deputy Surgeon-General, 
I me with his travelling rig the other day. 
5 of a platform and small palanquin on 
The idea is, to have all drawn by four 
here there is a road, and when there is no 
p in the palanquin by bearers. Of course, 
intry generally is barren of grass, &c., bul- 
pony cannot be taken along with me. 

Letter from Mr. Newhall. 

Ramapatam, Nov. 4. 1876. 

Lands and Heavy Responsibilities. — 
nths ago Brother Timpany and his family 
departure for America, leaving this entire 
f charge. Miss Peabody accompanied Mr. 
Impany as far as Madras, where she remain- 
lonths, leaving the Girls' Boarding School in 

Miss Wood (now Mrs. Newhall), who 
:ting soon to enter upon her new work at 
The responsibilities and difficulties, so 
thrown upon our inexperienced shoulders, 
first almost overwhelming. But the Lord 
gracious to us in preserving our health 
unusually trying hot season, and giving us 
ree of success in getting the work under 
^1 and winning the confidence of the 
rhe building operations and other unfm- 
k, turned over to my hands by Brother 
have all been completed, and the Com- 
kindly furnished me with means to meet 
igations for the financial year ending Sep- 
>. Miss Peabody has returned again to 
in the Girls* School, thus releasing Mrs. 
give her whole attention to the Boys' 
the station, and the village schools. The 
foV, which for several months in the early 
'as broken up on account of remodelling 
building, has been re-organized, and under 
sail's care, is now assuming a quite re- 
appearance. These two station schools, 
believe to be of equal importance, we 
work up to an equal standard, so that 

shall be deprived of the educational ad- 
irhich these people so much need, after 

they are converted. Into these schools are admitted 
only the most promising applicants, and from them 
go forth our preachers and teachers, otir Bible- 
women and the educated fathers and mothers of the 
next generation. 

Drought and Famine. — The past season has 
been remarkably hot and dry. The rain has not 
followed the change of monsoon, as usual, and now, 
after more than a month of anxious waiting, the 
people in all southeastern India and in some sec- 
tions on the western coast are panic-stricken with 
fear of an impending famine. In this Nellore dis- 
trict, grain has been rising rapidly until the price is 
now more than double what it was a few months 
ago. Many of the owners refuse to sell at any 
price, holding it either with the hope of obtaining 
still more for it, or because they fear there will be 
no opportunity to raise another crop this year. 
This makes it very difficult for the conmion people 
to obtain food, even if they have money. Here- 
upon our own Ramapatam field, there is beginning 
to be a great deal of suffering among all classes. 
Our preachers go about from merchant to merchant 
with money in their hands, but are unable to buy 
more than enough for one meal at a time. The 
poorer people, who have exhausted their money 
upon high prices, are living upon credit ; and those 
who have neither money or credit are being driven 
to the greatest extremity. Many of them eat but 
once in three days, and of roots and the poorest 
kind of food at that Others are making raids upon 
grain, wherever they can find it. On this account* 
it is unsafe to transport grain for our own use from 
any great distance. The cattle, too, are suffering. 
In the absence of rain the grass has long since 
failed them, and their owners are too poor to buy 
fodder, even if it could be found. So many of 
them are wandering about with labels tied to their 
horns authorizing any one who will feed them to 
take them for their own. Others are dying from 
sheer starvation. 

Great Burdens. — You will imagine that, under 
these circumstances, it has been very difficult to take 
care of the Christians immediately around us. Al- 
though there are no Christians in Ramapatam vil- 
lage itself, there are, upon our own compound, under 
the care of Miss Peabody and ourselves, about eighty, 
and on the adjoining compound under Brother Wil- 
liams' care about one hundred mouths to be filled 
twice a day. We have had trouble, for several 
weeks, about getting grain from the village mer- 
chants, and have sent away to buy for ourselves in 
large quantities, but every purchase we make seems 
to be our last resource. We are obliged to obtain 


Missionary Correspondence. 


the assistance of the village Munsifs, and even of 
the Talttge Tahsildar in order to buy what we need. 

A Time of Softening and Testing. — Our head 
preacher, Ezra, has just come in from three weeks* 
tour, bringing a dubious report. All the people are 
thinking about food, and it is very difficult to induce 
them to Usten to anything else. Still there seems to 
be a general impression among all classes, that the 
threatened famine is a judgment upon them for their 
wickedness. Some of the Christians are so we'ak 
as to go back again to heathenism for the sake of 
some temporal advantage. Others appear very firm, 
and are determined to be faithful "unto death," 
saying it is no matter if they do die for their reli- 
gion ; so much the better ; they will go to heaven 
and be delivered from all earthly trials. 

If we could go out on the field, it would be a 
good time to encourage the Christians and preach to 
the heathen in their distress ; but we neither can 
leave our people in the station very well, nor dare 
to venture out where there is no good water for 
ourselves or fodder for our oxen. Our preachers, 
however, are doing good work. We have reason to 
put a good deal of confidence in them. 

Government Relief. — Wednesday, Nov. 8. 
We bear that active measures are being taken by 
the Madras government for the importation of large 
quantities of grain. We can doubtless obtain some 
relief soon from that source. We are also trying to 
use our influence with the proper authorities, for the 
commencement of public works in this section, 
which have been under contemplation for some 
time. This would keep many hundreds of people 
employed, who might otherwise suffer starvation. 
But our real help is now, as at all times, from God 
alone. We hope the information here communi- 
cated may stimulate our brethren at home to call 
down from above the blessing which will save both 
the bodies and the souls of these perishing multi- 
tudes of Teloogoos. 

MisHon to the Chinese, 

Letter from Dr. Barchet. 

NiNGPO, Dec. 13, 1876. 

Visiting Home of the Christians. — Last 
week I spent a few days at Nying-Kong-Gyiao, but 
on account of incessant rain I was only able to visit 
a neighboring village, which is the home of several 
of our native Christians. When we visit them we 
have, as a rule, to listen to and sympathize with 
their tale of woe and suffering, and this visit was 
no exception to the rule. 

First I called on an elderly widow, who had been 
a member in good standing for several years. I 

found her sick in bed, which she had had to ket 
since I saw her last, two months ago. The 
bors, who are very friendly to as, show thei 
feelings by cooking for the 4>oor woman, an* 
plying her with tea. She is, however, not a 
to live much longer in her miserable quarte 
longs for " the house not made with hands.*' 

A Case of Oppression. — I visited a be 
and his wife, who are both intelligent Chr 
the wife having formerly been a scholar 
Lord's school. The boatman's name is ** 
D)run-Pao." He had just returned from v« 
pleasant and unprofitable work. Some ma 
sinners Sjcized him, together with his boa 
another boatman whom he employs, and con 
them to help for two months in repairing a 
cation at Cinghae, which is at the mouth 
Ningpo river ; getting merely rice enough U 
them from starving, and no pay. 

Such things are but too common in China, a 
is only a specimen of what Chinese authorities 
who style themselves " the father and mother 
people," and give proof of their parental care \ 
ing out such justice. How it makes one long 
time when Christ shall come to judge the peop 
righteousness and the poor with judgment ! 

A Native on Prayer. — At our prep 
meeting we had but one applicant for baptisi 
was deferred; still we had a profitable tin 
our assistant, " Li," from Kong-K'eo, gave us 
stirring address on prayer, giving his own s 
wife's experience, saying that since they had 
to pray in earnest they had enjoyed a peace 
they had never enjoyed before, and that he 
happier now in preaching to sinners Jesus Chi 
him crucified ; that he had first been stirred up 
by reading some account of answers to prayer i 
nection with the prayer-meeting held at Fulton 
N. Y. [Translated by one of our missionari 

The Hopeful Signs. — The work at Koi 
has always given evidence of the presence o 
spirit, more than at our other stations ; but jus 
is in a very hopeful state. A backslider is begii 
see his folly, and is turning his face in the rigb 
tion ; inquirers are increasing, and we are ex 
greater blessing. 

Mission in Sweden, 
Leffer from Mr. Wiberg. 

Stockholm, Dec. x6 

The Work Greatly Prospered. — I am 
to say that the Lord is still gready bless 
work among us. For some time past our 


Missionary Correspondence. 


m crowded to its utmost extent not only on 
^ but on week-day evenings, and many 
een converted. At our last church-meeting, 
aday of this we^, eighteen were announced 
icants for baptism ; and on Sunday, Dec. 3d, 
Dommunion, I had -the privilege of extending 
ad of fellovrship to nine, who had recently 
Christ by baptism. 

Work of Temperance. — While in Eng- 

became acquainted with Mr. Eli Johnson, 
nperance lecturer from America. I invited 

extend his journey to Sweden, hoping that, 
h him, something might be done to stay the 
f intemperance which prevails fearfully in 
»untry. He arrived at Gottenburg early in 
iber^and held there several meetings. About 
ddle of the month he arrived in Stockholm, 
he held several meetings and created a great 
f interest on the temperance question. On 
\ Sept. 24th, one of the largest Lutheran 
es was opened to him, and he addressed 
bree thousand persons. 

PERANCE AND Prayer. — Having volunteered 
his interpreter, I spent about a month in 
ng with him. Some of the principal towns 

middle, north, and south of Sweden, as 
, Orebro, Gefle, Sundsvall, Norrkoping and 
wn^ were visited, and everywhere great 
t was manifested. At the last-named place 
ihnson addressed about three thousand five 
d in the Lutheran mission chapel, and a dis- 
hed member of the Diet took a leading part 
meeting. One striking feature in Mr. John- 
ddresses was, that he went upon the gospel 
le of accompanying effort with prayer, urging 
iristians everywhere to establish prayer-meet- 
) pray specially for a blessing upon the tem- 
e cause. Consequently temperance prayer- 
gs have been held in different places where 


Mr. Johnson has been attended with blessed 
to more than one respect. It has not only 
I new impetus to the temperance movement 
iden, but also united the Christians of differ- 
lominations in laboring for the advancement 
good cause, and has been followed by a 
of religion. Thus a remarkable revival has 
need in Gefle as a result of temperance 
meetings. Our brother and Sunday-school 
ary, L. J. Bergstrom, writes from Gefle, under 
ec. I2th: — 

EEK OF Prayer. — "I did not intend to stay 
irer a night, but on my arrival I found that 

the Evangelical Temperance Society had agreed to 
have a week of prayer, alternating between the 
places of worship of the different denominations, 
their respective ministers to preside. There was no 
expectation of any great success, but a wish to pre- 
sent the desires of their hearts to the Lord. On my 
arrival the third meeting was going on, and 1 soon 
perceived that there was something unusual coming ; 
I could not leave the town without attending one 
more meeting. I fancied myself at a meeting of 
Messrs. Moody and Sankey, though no one among 
us would venture to compare himself with those 
eminent Americans. Evening after evening, from 
7 till II o'clock, we continued, the whole week 
through. It was impossible to follow the printed 
programme of exercises. Thus, instead of changing 
the places of worship, we had always to use the 
large Lutheran mission house, as our Baptist chapel 
was too small, and there was no time to think of 
asking the committee in charge of the meetings 
who should be permitted to speak ; for, before the 
leading men fairly awoke in the morning, they were 
called upon to repair to the house of prayer, to 
meet hundreds of anxious souls. Yesterday even- 
ing, the converts who felt that they had cause to 
offer thanks to God for mercy received, were re- 
quested to manifest it by rising. P>om 150 to 200 
rose to their feet to signify that they were of the 
redeemed of the Lord. Then those who were anx- 
ious were requested to signify it by raising their 
hand. On seeing the hands raised one could, in 
imagination, compare it to a scene of drowning per- 
sons eagerly grasping for ropes and boards thrown 
out to them. As these inquirers were mostly from 
the Baptist and Lutheran Sunday-schools, special 
prayer-meetings were held every evening. The 
scenes at those meetings may be more readily imag- 
ined than described.'' 

Imprisonment for Preaching the Gospel. — 
I mentioned in my last letter the case of brother 
Carl Victor Palmblad, a student at our Bethel Sem- 
inary. This brother had been sentenced to pay a 
fine of 300 crowns, or undergo imprisonment for 
seventeen days on water and bread, for having 
preached the gospel contrary to the prohibition of 
four Church councils. As it was not considered 
expedient either by himself or by his friends to pay 
the fine, he decided upon undergoing imprisonment 
on water and bread; but when he arrived at the 
prison the keeper thought he was too weak to 
endure starvation on water and bread for such a 
length of time, wherefore he advised him to pro- 
cure the testimony of a physician to that efifect. 
Having obtained that, it was granted to him to 


The Missionary Outlook. 


undergo civil imprisonment in a cell for fifty-one 
days with ordinary food, instead of seventeen days' 
imprisonment on water and bread. 

Set at Liberty. — On Wednesday, Dec. 6tli, he 
was set at liberty. When he came out of prison 
there was a large concourse of people assembled to 
congratulate him, and the same evening he preached 
at the Baptist meeting-room in Norrkoping, to an 
assembly of about 600. Last Monday evening he 
arrived in Stockholm, again to take his place among 
the students in the seminary. At our church-meet- 

ing, the same evening, he received a heart 
come. He stated that during his time of imp 
ment he experienced much peace and ^oy 

Religious Liberty Petitioned. — In 
quence of the imprisonment of this brothc 
G^mmittee of the Swedish Branch of the Evi 
cal Alliance waited upon the king and presc 
petition pleading for more extended religioi 
erty. The word of the Lord is not bound 
loved brethren, pray for us. 


Ceylon. — A Baptist missionary writes to the 
London Missionary Herald a review of the 
progress of missions in Ceylon. He says if 
the fathers of the Evangelical missions in Cey- 
lon of fifty or even twenty years ago could have 
foreseen the results of the present day, they 
would have been greatly rejoiced. ** Numbers 
of native churches subscribing largely to the 
support of their pastorate, and several of them 
entirely independent of foreign aid; numbers 
of native missionaries as thoroughly devoted to 
the work of the ministry as ever those pioneer 
missionaries themselves were ; Christian schools 
spread as a network all over the land, and filled 
not only with boys but also with girls. And 
all this in little more than half a century. One 
of the very earliest missionaries in the north of 
the island has only lately passed away ; the first 
convert who joined the mission churches still 
lives ; girls in hundreds, who could only be en- 
ticed to the boarding-schools by bribes, are not 
yet old women, and are now glad to pay that 
their grand -daughters may enjoy the privileges 
which they themselves got for nothing." The 
native missionaries connected with the Ameri- 
can Baptist and Wesleyan missions have more 
than doubled in number in the last ten years, 
the present number being seventy. In the last 
decade the native ministers have greatly in- 
creased in influence and usefulness. They are 
now becoming settled pastors over native 
churches, and are more fully filling the mission- 
ary's place. 

India. — The Indian Missionary Directory 
just issued at Lucknow, gives the number of 
native Christians now as 266,391, against 224,- 

258 four years ago; and the number of 
municants 68,689, against 52,816, — a^ 
about 4000 a year in the latter item, a 
about 10,500 in the former. The dir 
gives the name and present address of 9 
ing missionaries and ordained native pas 
India proper, excluding Burmah and C 
Further, in an appendix appears a list • 
lady missionaries connected with the \ 
women^s societies. 

Laos Mission, North China. — Re 
McGilvary, Presbyterian, writes : **Itisi 
essary to mention the discouragements, 
are just such as the kingdom of Satan pi 
to all inroads on his power. When om 
another is at hand. Having no reason 
pect otherwise, we are not disappoint 
these. In fact, they sometimes afford th 
evidence of success, as it is the victorion 
that the enemy most dreads, and against 
he puts forth all his power. In this land 1 
fiuence is supported by the colossal sys 
Buddhism, venerable for age, and always 
est to yield of all the great historic h 
systems of the world. Here priestcn 
more than its wonted sway, while supen 
like a bulwark, is raised to support it 
monolatry claims its share of devotees, 1 
influence is probably not even second to 
hism. In many cases it is much sti 
Many would be willing to let their 
give up the worship of idols, who res: 
advancement of spirit-worship as an ii 
themselves, the enraged spirits venting 
spite on those who remain, rather tl 
those who abandon their worship. Bu 


The Missionary Outlook, 


these fruitless efforts, when the stronger 
le strong man armed, claims possession 
\ palace, and dispossesses every idol 
— Foreign Missionary, 

lA. — Rev. John Butler, of the Presbyte- 
ission at Ningpo, writes, *' It is impossi- 
one not living in the midst of the scenes 
»t understanding the language and cus- 
>f the people to realize how a native 
an in China is tried, and more particu- 
luring times of excitement. For ex- 
it is no uncommon thing for idle and 
fellows, the tools of the literati, to go 
le of the chapels and tell the assistant 
news has just arrived that a battle has 
en fought between the Chinese and the 
[i, and that the latter were routed. The 
ers at Shanghai and at the other ports 
11 getting aboard of the gunboats and 
; the country ; and what would they, the 
Christians, do now? They must either 
ce the * foreign doctrine ' or suffer the 


1 « 

lA. — When we remember that this coun- 
tains one-third of the population of the 
that nine of its provinces, containing 
\x one hundred and fifty millions of 
lave not a single Protestant Missionary 
t among them, while the other nine have 
\£ Missionary to one million persons y and 
re remember that this immense unevan- 
population pass into eternity at the rate 
illion a month, we cannot but rejoice in 
Istence of the earnest and aggressive 
\ founded by our honored and able friend, 
son Taylor. Its object is to carry the 
into every province in China; it is 
lical and unsectarian in character, and 
eleven years old. It has already more 
fty stations and out-stations with Mis- 
» or native agents residing in them; 
sent staff of the Mission is sixteen mar- 
id twenty-six unmarried Missionaries, 
enty-five native helpers. They are scat- 
tver five of the eastern provinces, and 
esides, one station in Honan, and one in 
I, at Bhamo, on the borders of Yunnan, 
«t westerly province of China. — lHus- 
Missionary News, 

Self-Supporting CHxmcHES in China. — 
The missionaries are cheered by conversions to 
Christianity. So fiu- as the Presbyterian mis- 
sions are concerned, the number of converts 
this year is larger than that of last year, and 
the same is true of some other missions. A 
special fact of interest about the Presbyterian 
chuches in the Ningpo Presbytery is that they 
are becoming self-supporting. Four churches 
are already fully so and others are approaching 
to this state of development. — Independent, 

France. — Rev. Edward Hitchcock, of the 
American chapel in Paris, says there are 8oo,- 
ooo Protestants in France to 35,000,000 Cath- 

City of Mexico, — Mrs. M. E. Leason, of 
the Presbyterian mission in the City of Mexico, 
writes that the mbsionaries are at the mercy of 
the pronunciodoSy and that they had their doors 
and windows barricaded a whole week, expect- 
ing an attack. 

It is proposed to put a Missionary yacht upon 
the North Sea, that she may cruise among the 
many fishermen there, and carry religious mes- 
sages and reading to them. 

Only forty years ago Fiji Islanders feasted 
on human fiesh. Now no less than 40,000 
children attend Sunday-school, and thousands 
of people are earnest, consistent Christians. 

Japan. — Dr. Berry writes from Kobe that it 
is pleasant to witness the evidences of a devel- 
opment of Christian character among the na- 
tive Christians in their solicitude for each 
other^s welfare. His report on the manage- 
ment of some of the Japan prisons, to his sur- 
prise and gratification, has been printed by the 
Government, with all its ** testimony as to the 
value of Christian teaching as a reformatory 
agent." Mr. Atkinson, writing of the organi- 
zation of a church in Hiogo, tells how some of 
the members who had been in the habit of 
working on Sunday arranged it so as to ob- 
serve that day. Mr Doane, writing of the 
progress of missions in Kioto, says : ** It is 
less than a year since missionaries entered thb 


Editorial Paragraphs. 


city, and now there is a training school of sixty 
scholars ; eight places for preaching are opened 
each Sabbath, and there is material for three 
or four churches, which will, I think, soon be 
formed; hundreds, if not thousands of Bibles 
and other religious books have been sold and 
tracts freely scattered ; the governor has over- 
come his prejudices, and now says he will for- 
ward requests for as many American teachers 
as are needed in the school ; and the latest bud 
opened is Miss Starkweather^s school for girls, 
now composed of twelve pupils, though we are 
expecting more soon." — Independent, 

I am President. He was one of the las 
nels of artillery in the service of the ] 
Pope, and now becomes a member • 
Board of Evangelization of the Wale 
Church, which a hundred Popes have 1 
vain to destroy." — Independent. 

Dr. Williams, a Missionary Bishop 
pan, is devoting two-thirds of his owr 
income to carry on mission work ; he liv 
poor little Japanese house hardly better 
hut, and this is home, church and i 

Rome. — The Rev. Matteo Protchet, of the 
Waldensian Church, writes that " our mission 
afi^irs look bright this year in Rome. There 
Is a very good attendance, not only on confer- 
ence days, which does not signify much, but at 
the forenoon service on Sabbaths, when hearers 
know that they will not get anything else than 
the plain preaching of a pure gospel, without 
any sensation humbug. It is a remarkable fact 
that the Marquis Espero should be my col- 
league — i,e,, a member of the Board, of which 

Turkey. — The first Protestant Chu] 
Constantinople was opened in 1846. Th 
now seventy-six in the Turkish Empi 
which a third are self-supporting and 

Australia. — In Australia there is a n 
able religious revival in progress, and 
New Zealand the tidings are received ( 
cious religious awakenings. 


The frontispiece of the present number of 
the Magazine represents the Pagoda of Wat- 
Chang, at Bangkok in Siam. All the sacred 
places in Bangkok are called Wats. In and 
around that city these Wats are very numer- 
ous, and occupy the best locations. They con- 
sist of a spacious grove, covering in some cases 
several acres, comprising pagodas, temples, im- 
age-houses, dwellings for the priests, and other 
structures. The pagodas are similar in struc- 
ture to those found in Burmah, but they are not 
' so large as those in Burmah. Dr. Malcom, in 
his Travels, says : •• Pagodas here " (in Bang- 
kok) '* as elsewhere, are plainly of the £Eimily 
of the pyramids. The Burmans make stu- 
pendous pagodas and monasteries, while the 
image-houses and zayats are comparatively 
small, and often trifling. On the contrary, 
the Siamse construct trifling pagodas, and 
small and detached priest^s houses, and be- 
stow their wealth and labor in erecting vast 
image-houses or temples. These are nuule 

beautiful to Siamese taste, by pillars, gi 
historical paintings, and Chinese tinse 
ever Christianity becomes prevalent ir 
country, it will find in these structures ai 
pie supply of churches." 

A GOOD sister, in making a remittan 
Foreign Missions, writes, "Since readii 
last Magazine I have decided to send ¥ 
can now. But I do hope to be able t 
something more before the close of the 
year. — seems as nothing towards the n« 
the work, but hard times have not only ^ 
me, but been my abiding guest for th< 
year, and at present I can give no more." 
sister makes more of a sacrifice in givir 
dollar than nuuiy make who give am hu 
dollars. Indeed, the circumstances of 
in afiiuence render it almost impossibl 
them to make a sacrifice in giving to the 
of missions. 



' A brother sends with a contribution the 
ring brief letter, which speaks for itself: — 
lad thought of sending you $5, but the 
*s being kard^ as they say, please find $10 
ission purposes.^ How many there are 
could easily double their annual gifts to 
ons even in these hard times, and thus 
the Union and the cause from the stress 
s impending. 

' Wanted, to complete sets of Magazine, 
krtober number for 1871, and the January 
»er for 1873. ^^^ those who have those 
•ers to spare be kind enough to forward 
to the address of W. G. Corthell, Man- 
Tremont Temple, Boston. 

R publisher wishes to call your attention 
e printed date against your name on the 

Magazine wrapper. It indicates the time to 
which you have paid. As the terms are " cash 
in advance,^^ he hopes to see the '* 1876^ rap- 
idly disappear. '* A word to the wise is suffi- 

The list of books on Missions and Mission- 
aries to which we called attention last month, 
is given in this issue. We trust our friends 
will avail themselves of the offer made, and our 
Sunday-Schools will place many of them in 
their libraries. 

Many sincere Christians are troubled about 
using spirituous wines in the Communion of 
the Lord's Supper. Mr. Springer, of the Pub- 
lication Depository, Tremont Temple, will fur- 
nish churches "the fruit of the vine" unfer- 
mented. We call attention to his advertise- 
ment in the present number of the Magazine. 


MAINE, $164.00. 

stOQ, ch., mon. con. coll., $60; Watenrille, 
w S., for sop. of Adiram nat. pr. , care Rev. 
. Neu^bor, Nowgong, Assam., 40: 
wo', L. H. Kennedy, 5; Mrs. Henry Ken- 

B, Chcstnut-st. ch., x6; No. Livermore, Miss 

aCbacndler, a; 

ild, Cyrus Kicker, 5; Searsmont, Rev. T. B. 

■MQ amd wife, v> ; 

er Rev. W. S. McKenzie, Dist. Sec'y; Med- 

Ccntie, Mr. W. and Mrs. B. Coffin: 

NEW HAMPSHIRE, $'1x7.00. 

th L. Plummer, 5; Fisherville, ch. S. S., 

sup. nat. teacher in China, xoo; 

riltoo, Mrs. Mary Sanborn, x; Henniker, 

Silas C^fay, a ; Sarah Turner, x ; 

di., 3; Nauuiua, Widow Sallie Swain, 5; 

VERMONT, $126.50. 

v, aa aged widow. 3; Post Mills, Mrs. L. 

Uey, for Miss S. £. Haswell's sch., Maul- 

,s; FclchviUe ch., a6; 

', ist ch., tow. sup. Lutchmiah, nat. pr. care 

W. W. Campbell, W. C.uUd, tr., 

Bcs ch., 35 ; uroton, JefTorson Renfrew, a.50 ; 

DcUer, du, a; 

'Ssdibofo , ch., 

<r Rev. W. S. McKenzie. Dist. Sec^* St. 

ibuy. Rev. E. T. Sandford, 

BfASSACHUSETTS, $aaaa.90. 

s, ch., a; WdKBter, Solomon Robinson, X5; 
1 Centre, ch., a non-resident member, a^; 
of Miss., Inq. of Newton Theol. Inst., W. 
veman, tr.f 16.80; 

ridge* CentFal ch.. L. E. Ammidown, tr., 
e, ISC ch.,9; ad ch., Edwin Chase, tr., xoo; 
isr, TMch.,Clas. F. Ru^, tr.,96.xa; Pleas- 
. CA. (ofwh. ao is fr. ST^S. for sup. of a 

$100 00 
10 00 
18 00 

35 00 
X 00 

X05 00 

4 00 
8 00 

_ the Shans), 31.3a; 
L J. Foadick, 95; a (iriend of missions, 15; 

3x 00 

5a 00 

a9 so 
X3 00 

X 00 

$17 00 

41 80 

50 00 

X09 00 

"7 44 
40 Ob 

Haverhill, ist ch., of which 64.07 is now con. coll., 

Geo. Appleton, tr., 
Ashland, en., xx.85; Winchester, ch., J. W. Tay- 
lor, tr., 14.07: . 
Russell, ch., 5; Middlefield, ch., xo.a5, per Edwin 

Brookline, ch., A. W. Benton, tr., mon. con. coll., 

xo6.i^: Cambridge, a friena, 33.33; 
Haverhill, Portlanc^st. ch., 
Boston, Clarendon-st. ch.,aaar. coll., in pt., 8x6.9c; 

a member, 5, 821.95; Central-sq., ch., B. L. 

Crocker, tr., 43.75; Bethel ch., A. Whittemore, 

tr., 6.09; 
Ro^lston, J. W. Pierce, 5; Aubumdale, Alice Jen- 

nmgs, 5 ; 
Franklin, Mrs. C. B. Chickering, 95; Hyde Park, 

T. C. Evans, 50; 
North Adams, ch , S. S., for the sup. of a stu. in 

Thel. Sem., Rangoon, 
Marlboro', ch., H. C. Wright, tr., 30; Watertown, 

ch., Sam'l Noyes, tr., X50, in pt, 
Hancock, ch.. 

Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKensie, Dist. Secretary, 
Southbridae, Dea. H. Fiske, for Rangoon Coll., a; 

Mr. R. H. Cole, 6; 8; Randolph, ch., xas aa; 

RHODE ISLAND, $8a5.56. 

Providence, Central ch., to const, as H. L. M. John 
B. Calder, Anna M. Calder, Amey C. Nottage 
and Lucy Salisbury, 400.37; Cranston-st. ch. S. S., 
for quarterly sup. of Moung See dee nat. pr. in 
Burmah, care ol Rev. A. Bunker, X8.75; ^ mend, 
5.90: Brown-st. ch., a4< ia; Central ch., mon. 
con. coIU, 74 05; G. D. Wilcox, M. D., 30; 

Wickford, xst ch , mon. con. coU., 

Pavrtucket, a friend, 

R. I. Bap. Sute Convention, R. B. Chapman, tr.. 
Providence, xst ch. , 

CONNECTICUT, $3a8.o4. 

Somerville, Geo. Mixter, 5; Norwich, from con- 
tributors, aio; 

Morris, Mrs. H. Famham, xo; New Haven, 
Grand-st. ch., 35; 



as 9a 

X5 as 













X33 aa 

775 " 

ay 90 

X 00 

ax 55 

ax5 00 
45 00 















Brookfield, Rev. Wm. Biddle, a; Hartford, Mrs. G. 

Bolles, as: $a7 00 

CoU. per Rev. W. S. McKeiuie, Dist. Sec'y, Willi- 

mantic, ch., xo; DanielsonviUe, ch., 6.04; N. 

Lyme, ch., as; 4x 04 

NEW YORK, $2,007.70. 

Buflalo, Wash'n-»t. ch., 32.85; New York, a friend 
to the Miss. Union, 500; Mary C. Harrison (of 
wh. 50 is to be expended in care Rev. L. Jewett, 
Nellore, India; and so, in care Rev. E. W. Clark, 
Sibsagor Assam), 100; Hamilton, Rev. N. Har- 
ris, 10: 64a 8s 

Morris, ch., S. S. for Mair Tiri, care Mrs. Bailey or 
Miss Watson, Henthada : x6 a8 

Cazanovia^ Mary J. Beckwick, 5; Gloversville. Bap. 
Karen Soc. for sup. nat. Karen^r care Airs. C. 
B. Thomas Henthada, 53.50; Tnompkins, Rev. 
J. L. Smith, 35; 83 50 

Coll. per Rev. O. Dodge, Dist. Sec'y: Hudson 
River Central Asso., Newburs, ch^ pt, 18.33; 

Cold Spring, ch., pt, 6.25; ElmeRne B., ao; and 
Eliza M. Wilson, 15; 59 58 

Long Island Asso., Gcthsemane ch. , pt, ao.80 ; Mrs. 
Darling, i; Brooklyn, ist ch., pt, 250; a friend, 

Washington Union Asso., Mrs. Lucy Harrington, 
5; Fort Ann, ch., pt, i; Rupert, ch., 3.50; 

Southern N. Y. Asso., New York, i6th ch., pt, 123; 
Harlem, ad ch., pt. zo; New York, East ch., pt, 
12 ; New York, Robert Colgate, 500; 

Coll. per Rev. Geo. H. Bri^luun, Dist. Sec'y; Cay- 
uga Asso., Auburn, ch., m pt; 

Cortland Asso., Truxton, ch., xo; Nathan Salis- 
bury, 5; 

Madison Asso., Hamilton, ist ch., 

Ontario Asso., Canandaigua, ch., 

Saratoga Asso., Ballston Spa, ch., 

Wayne Asso., Macedon, ch. (of wh. 2.62 is from 
S. S.), 

Havana, Miss Mary J. Qtiick, 2 ; a friend of mis- 
sions, 2.5^; Rev. G. H. Brigham and wife, in 
memory of their dear one in Heaven, 25 ; 

Yates, ch., S. S., 

NEW JERSEY, $621.78. 

Roselle, ch., 5; Paterson, Alex. W. Roeers, in pt 
payment ofsalary of Kev. D. H. Drake, of Tel- 
oogoo Mission, Kumoll Station, $500; gold, 
$5.35; a friend^; 

Coll. per Rev. J. V. Ambler, Dist. Sec'y: Upper 
Freehold, ch., a6.o8; Manahawken, ch., 10; 
Hammonton, ch., 4.15; Greenwich, ch., zs*55: 

Coll. per Rev. O. Dodge, Dist Sec'y; North N. J. 
Asso., Clifton Union, S. S.; 

Newton, ch., 

PENNSYLVANIA, $2,693.99, 

Eaton, Mrs. Steadman Harding, x ; Upland, Mrs. 
J. P. Crocer, x,ooo; Sam'l A. Crozer, i|0(^t 

Philadelphia, for the Greek Mission, care D. Z. Sak- 

Clarks Green, Rev. Isaac Bevan, for sch. in Bur- 
mah, Dr. Shaloo, prin., 

CoU. per Rev. T. V. Ambler, Dist. Sec'v; Philadel- 
phia Asso., (^rmantown, zst ch., baf., X4.50; N. 
Baptist ch., Ladies' Benevolent Soc, aa.38; 
Broad-st. S. S., 40, for sup. 'i*ha poo-too at Ran- 
goon College, care Rev. J. Packer; Bryn Mawr 
S. B., 40, lor sup. Taypo at Rangoon College, 
do.; Frankford, S. S., 40. for sup. Mya Pau,stu., 
Rangoon CoUeee, care 00.; Upland, ch., 7a. xo; 
Dr. M. R. and Mrs. Trevor, Phila., 400 (one-half 
of wh. is for the debt) ; C L. L., xo, for Maul> 
main sch. for boys, care Rev. J. K. Haswell; 638 98 

L^puu Valley, ch., 5; Lycoming, ch., 5.1X; Flat- 
wood, ch., zo; Ashland, Welsh ch., 5; Pottstown, 
ch., as.35; ^ 50 46 

DELAWARE, $38.26. 

Coll. per Rev. J. V. Ambler, Dist. Sec'y; Wihning- 
ton, ad ch., ^ 38 a6 

OHIO, $4x3.47. 

East Toledo, Dawson Chapel, for boys' Burmese 
■ch., Mauhnain, care M. Shaw Loo, zs ; Troy, S. 
S., A. J. Grotvenor, tr.,5; ao 00 

15 24 

29 54 
xa 15 

54a 50 

55 78 









Coll. per Rev. Thos. Allen, Dist. Sec'y; Mrs. F. 

Ashtabula Asso., Ashubula. ch., 5.75 ; Madison, ch., 

16.2^; Kirtland, Harriet Martinoale, zoo; 
Anglaize Asso., L. H. Post, 
Cleveland Asso., Painsville, ch.. 
Mad. River Asso., Troy, en., bal.. 
Miami Union Asso.. Dayton, xst ch., S. S., for sup. 

of Tah-boo and Snway-too Karen prs, Henthada, 

150J Lisbon, ch., 9 70; 
Miami Asso , Pleasant Ridge, H. B. Turrill, s ; 

Lockland, ch., S. S., X4.X3; 
Portsmouth Asso., Irontown, ch., 
Zanesville Asso., Zanesville, Market-st. ch., 
Seneca Asso., Athica, ch., 

INDIANA, $x56.4x. 

C^ll. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'y; Currys 

Prairie Asso , Terre Haute, ch., 
Freedom A«iso., Browns Valley, ch., 
Laughery Asso., coll. at asso., 
Brownstown Asso , Seymour, S. S., 
Madison Asuto., N. Madison, ch. (of wh. x.o6 is 

from S. S.), 5; Dupont, ch., 2.56; Vernon, ch., 

a. 30; N. Vernon, en., .65; 
Flat Rock Asso., (jolumbus, ch., 
Indianapolis Asso., Franklin, ch.. 
Fort Wayne Asso., Fort Wayne. 3 ladies of the ch. 

15; Miss Hamilton (a Christian lady of another 

denomination), for our Asiatic Miss. Work, as; 
Northern Ind. Asso., South Bend, ch., xo; EkKart, 

S. S., 5; Mrs. Hawes, 4; 

ILLINOIS. $5o8.6a. 

Champaime, Mrs. Mary R. Pratt, 

C^ll. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'y; Spring- 
field Asso., Diamond Grove, ch., 

Bloomficld Asso., Fairmount, S. S., for nat. helper, 
care Dr. Bronson, Assam, 

Carrolton Asso., Winchester, ch., xs; Greenftdd, 
Nelson Dickerman,; 

Edwardsville Asso., Litchfield, Miss Savage, for 
Teloogoo Missions, 

Ncponsett, ch., per Rev. Wm. Ashmore. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y; Bloom- 
ington Asso., Lexington, ch., 12; Mason City, 
ch., 1.90; Minouk, ch., xo; Pontiac, ch., 38.35; 
Tremont, W. D. Spcrry, s; Washington, S.S., x; 

Chicago Asso., Benton, ch., 4.50; Dundee, ch., 
XX.50: Elgin. S. S., for sup. Garo Pr. (of wh. zo 
is (r. Bible Class No. 2, for his chajpeL care Rev. 
M. C. Mason), 38; Woodstock, a. S , for sup. 
Pariah, care Rev. J. E. Cloueh, 7;35; 

Dixon Asso., Freeport. Rev. W. H. Dorward, 5; 
York, F. W. Marsh, tor Teloogoo Mission, 5; 

Fox River Asso., Aurora, Union, ch., 3357; Chi- 
cago, ist ch., Mrs. J. W. Barker, for Apinta, care 
Dr. Bronson, 6; Gardner, ch. , 5 ; Lockport, Rev. 
Thos. Reese, 4; Newark, ch., za; Norman, ch., 
10.43; Twelve Mile Grove, ch., 3.50; 

Oilman Asso., Loda, W. H Roberts, 

Ottawa Asso^ Amboy. S. S., tow. sup. Habe, care 
Rev. R. £. Neignoor, z6; Bereah, ch., 5.35; 
Dover, ch., 16.85; Sublette, ch., 5: 

Peoria Asso., Monmouth, ch., Z9; Peoria, zst ch., 

34- 20; 
Rock River Asso., Rockford, State-st. ch., S. S., 

tow. sup., Soto-Loo, care Dr. Bronson, 35; Syca- 
more, en., 8.75; 

Salem Asso., Bcmadotte, ch., Z3; Farmers Town- 
ship, ch., 40.50; 

" Band of Helpers," for expenses of mission tour 
for Dr. Bronson, 

MICHIGAN, $197.98. 

Fenton. Mrs. Ma^ A. Cranson, 8 90; Kalamazoo, 
xst en., Mrs. Harriet C. Daniels, to const, her- 
self H. L. M., xoo; 

Coll. per Rev. S. M. Stimson. Dist. Sec'y; Grand 
River Asso., Mrs. Martha Chipman; 

Flint River Asso., Unionville, ch., 1.75;^ Akron, 
ch., .50; Fenton, S. S., for sup., Kunduah, 15; 

Washtenaw Asso., Moorsville, en.. 













Gnad Rapids Amo., Middleville, ch., 
•Wl loMplts Rhrer Asao., Niles, ch., 
Sl Joiephft VaUevAico., Baldwins Prairie, ch., 
Mrs. Joseph Sibley, 

si 3« 

IOWA, $94x80. 

A^aoffc, Sam*! Brainaxd, 7; Dcnison, a lover of 

wssiooa, 5, 
CdB. per Rev. C F. Tolman, Dist. SecV ; Burling- 

Kn Asso., Burlington, ch , ax.45; Pi^ah, ch., 

sobjo; Spring Creek, ch., 4.65: 
^Cssiiri Asso., Newton, ch., of wh. 1.45 is fr. S. S., 
■ P w e uiKMi Asso., Camanche, ch., |o; Clarence J. 

R. SfcLeod, x; Davenport, Calvary, ch , 75; 

Iowa City (of wh. 6 is fr. S. S.), for stu. in On- 

gole Nor. Sch., 15.76; 
Loa Asso., Marion, ch. , 8.65 ; Rogers Giove, ch., 6 ; 
Oikaloosa Asso., Ottumwa, Rev. W. C. Gunn, 
Conadl Bluflf Asso., Harlan, ch. (of wh. 10 u fr. 

Wfli. Wayland and wife), 
Tnrkey River Asso , Village Creek, Swede ch., 

MISSOURI, $35.0^ 
VcRioa, J. B. Young, for sup. of nat. pr. in Bur- 

VIRGINIA, $15.65. 

Charlotteville, J. Alexander, 9. ; Manassas, S. D. 
Bonner, per Rev. O. Dodge, 10; Hampton, Rev. 
D. Cunonings, 3.65 ; 


CoQ. per Rev. Thos. Allen, Dist. Sec'y ; Williams- 
lown, ch., 


Washington, Int. on Legacy of Rev. W. F. Nel- 
•OB, oeceMed, for sup. ot nat. pr. in one of the 
Antic Missions, 35; Rev. G. M. P. King, per 
Rev. W. S. McKenzie, 15; 

MINNESOTA, $955.91. 

kon Co., 91 ; 

Minaota Asso., Miiuieapolis, xst ch. (of wh. 75 is 
fr. S. S.), for sup. Rungiah, care Rev. J. E. 

WISCONSIN, $944.06. 

Waawaton, ch., j.xx; Cdumbus, ch., ^,6y. Rev. 

S (jonnan, x ; Mrs. (jomun, x ; W. M. lawyer, 

S; Fall River, ch., 5.47; Wtocena, ch., 3.15; 

Tiaapcaleau, ch., J. Squires, 5; Mrs. Aoij^ 

Hall, 9$. per Rev. W . Ashmore : 
CoHper Rev. C. F. ToUnan, Dist. Sec'y* Dane 

Ano^ Verona (of wh. a is fr. Rev. L. Smith, and 

I.3S ft. S. S.), 
IVm& AsiO., Fox Lake (of wh. 5 each is fr. Mrs. 

G. Warren and Mrs. A. M. Morrison), 
JaMmlle Asso., Beloit. ch., 3.90; Clinton, ch., 9; 

Moaroe, ch., 3.40; Union, ch. and 8. S., tow. 

aq>., Norsimab, care Rev. L. Jewett, 49^ 
bke Shore Asso., Barton, Mrs. N. Williams, 5; 

Mjhraakee, ad ch., S. S., for sup. Geo. B. Davis, 

sat. pr, care Rev. I. E. Clough, 37>5o; Ray- 

Bood, Danish ch. (ot wh. x.14 is fr. S. S.), 6.34; 
8l Croix Asso., Jewetts Mills, S. A. Jewett, 9; 

Capt. Moffim, x ; Prescott, ch., 95.65; 
Walworth AssOm Eagle, S. S., for Rev. D. H. 

DnJ(e,5.5<; E^khom,'ch., x9.6q; 
risDdiago'Asso., Fond du Lsk, en.. 

KANSAS, $x09.oo. 
Onnn, Dea. E. Nugent avails of city lot, 

OREGON, $7.00. 
fomt OfOM, Mn. Gm. C. Chandler, 5; D. C 



99 xo 

9 00 

X9 00 
36 60 

9 "9 

X31 76 

X4 65 

X 00 

31 00 

«5 50 


INDIA, $689.78. 

Madras, Thos. Franklin, Rs. 10; Rev. R. R. Wil- 
liams, ^, 6, 4, or Rs. X9-6-4 : and exch. per acct. 
Mr. w illiams. Sept, 30, 1876; 9.91 

Secunderabad, Coll. per acct. of Rev. W. W. 
Campbell, Sept 30. 1876, Rs. i9z-5-x, and exch., 66 X7 

Ramapatam, local colls, per acct. Uev. A. A. New- 
hall, X87C-6, Rs. 995 and exch., 150 86 

Ongole, Thos. Franklin, Rs. 6.76; Rev. J. E. 
Clough and wife, XX7-XO-9; from other sources. 

95 00 


9 75 

40 00 
15 00 

XX6 9X 

X94 00 

33 6x 

9 33 
so 00 

S7 60 


98 66 

x8 94 
33 77 

X09 00 
7 00 

XI9-7* or Rs. 905-1-2 and exch. per ac. Mr. 
Clough, X875-6; 

ASSAM, $93.01. 

469 8S 

Sibsagor, local coll. per ac. of Rev. A. K. Gur- 
ney, X875-6, Rs. 45 and exch., $33 01 


$".07S 47 

Athol, Mass., Moses Briggs (Mrs. Eunice 

Brisgs,exec'r), per Rev. S. E. Fay in pt, 1,900 00 
Hingham, Mass.. Miss Nancy Studley, 

per Joseph Ripley, exec'r, 600 00 

Providence, R. I., Elmily A. Eddy, per 

M. E. Torrey, exec'r, X78 67 

Franklin, Ind., Sam'l Dow, per John S. 

Hougham, ex'r, 2,100 00 ' 

$4,078 67 

$i6,x54 14 
Donations and legacies fr. Apr. i, 1876 to Jan. i, '77, 48,7x7 68 

Donations and legacies fr. Apr. i, 1876 to Feb. x, '77, $64,87 x 82 


A friend, 500; Boston, an invalid lady, 10; 


Providence, a lady, 


Sxo 00 

So 00 

Brooklyn, Maria E. Stevens and Edward F. Ste- 
vens, t each for the Rangoon College; 2; So. 
N. Y. Asso., a friend for sup. student, j^r Rev. 
O. Dodge, xoo; Long Island Asso., a friend, per 
Rev. O. Dodge, 50; 150; 159 00 

Millington, ch., per Rev. O. Dodge, 50 00 


Ninety-five names on Dollar Roll, 05; Honey 
Creek, ch., Manoah Howell, 10. xo; Mc 
age, 9.40; and all for endowment of 
idren Normal School, per Rev. Thomas Allen ; XO7 50 

Morjjan Sav- 
of Tounzoo 


Sublette, ch., on Dollar Roll for Ramapatam Sem., 
9; Sheffield, Robert Jones, on Dollar Roll for 
Teloogoo Sem., 9, per Rev. C. F. Tolman ; 


4 00 

Des Moines, P. B. Henry and wife, for sup. nat. 
prs., care Rev. N. Brown, Japan, soo 00 


Rev- A. Wiberg and (amily, c; Southern S. S., c; 
Mrs. C. L. Wiberg, per P. ralmquist, 10; (gold) 
XX.43; 91 43 

$1,094 93 
Previously reported in September magazine, 3,171 10 

$4,966 03 




Rooms, Tremont Temple, Boston. 

Corresponding Secretary, Rev. J. N. MURDOCK, D.D.. to whom letters relating to hooie work and 
the Union should be addressed. 

Treasurer, FREEMAN A. SMITH, Esq., to whom letters containing money for the general treasury should ke 
addressed: also letters relating to Wills. Drafu, Checks, and Postal Money Orders, except for the publications, should be dnnva 
in his favor. Friends wishing to forward goods to missionaries through the Treasurer, should send him by mail a schedule of dK 
contents and valuation of the package, with express or railroad receipt. 


New England District. — • Rev. W. S. McKbnzib, D.D., Tremont Temple, Bostoo. 

Hudson-River District. — Rev. O. Dodge, 8 Murray Street, New York. 

New- York Central District. — Rev. Geo. H. Brigham, 94 South Salina Street, Syracuse, N.Y. 

Southern District. — Rev. J. V. Ambler, 1420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 

Middle District. — Rev. Thomas Allen, Dayton, O. 

Lake District. — Rev. S. M. Stinson, D.D., Terre Haute, Ind. 

North- Western District. —"Rev. C. F. Tolman, 71 Randolph Street, Chicago. 


¥l>e Won(kn's Skpti^t ^li^onkify ^odety, Boston 

Mrs. Alvah Hovev, Cor. Sec., Newton Centre. Mrs. J. M. S. Williams, Treas. Tremont Temple, Boston. 

Mrs. a. M. Bacon, Cor. Sec., Dundee, III. Mrs* C. R. Blackall, Treas., 61 Washbgton Street, Chicago^ 

Won\ki\'^ Skpti^t Jtfi^^ionkfy 0odiety of ti\e ?kdifid Cok^t. 

Mrs. F. M. Conro, Cor. Sec., San Francisco. Mrs. M. E. Wattson, Treas., San Francisco. 


I also give and bequeath to The American Baptist Missionary Union dollars, for the purposes of the Union, at 

specified in the Act of Incorporation. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said siun to the Treasurer of the 
said Union, their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in the Act of Incorporation. 


I also give, bequeath, and devise to The American Baptist Missionary Union, one certain lot of land with tlie build- 
ings thereon sunding [A#r/ descrii* tht premises wWk exaetness aud particutarii/\t to be hekl and possessed by the lanw 
Union, their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in the Act of Incorporation. 


Can be mailed direct from any Post<Office in the United States, at the following rates per kalf-^mue :— 

. BimMAH, Assam, Madras, xo cents, via Brindisi, Southampton, or German Mail. 
Japan, and Ningpoo, China, via California, 5 cents. 
bwATOw, China, 10 cents. 

Bankok, Siam, via Southampton, 97 cents, and 31 cents via Brindisi. 
EtJROPBAN Lbttsrs, 5 cents. 

Friends who may prefer to forward their letters through the Missionary Rooms can enclose them, with the postage, in 
envdope diiected to F. A. Smith. Treasurer, Tremont Temple, Boston, who will nuul them with the official 




Vol. LVIL — APRIL, 1877— No. 4. 


Is near at hand. A few days will remain, however, at the time this number 
the Magazine will reach the hands of our readers. During that time much may 
done to retrieve the condition of our Treasury, if all who have heretofore failed 
make a contribution for Foreign Missions will redeem the time. If the people 01 
have a mind to take hold of the work, all the money that is needed may easily be ; 
cured during these closing days of the fiscal year. We ask the friends of Christ 

I • That Christ claims something from every disciple for the conversion of t 
heathen. He docs not say "Go, John," or "Go, Peter," but to the collective bo 
of His disciples, including not a select few only, but every one of them, He saj 
"Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature." And while 1 
cannot all go to heathen lands in person, we can be there in thought, in purpose, 
prayer, and by that which expresses them all and effects our will. A company of 1: 
lievers can build a house, or found a school in China or in Burmah, and they can 
the same means and in like manner preach the gospel there. And what they can 
in this way, Christ requires them to do. 

2. ^he lack of service for which the cause of missions suffers, is not for want 
means, but for want of will. Though we hear so much of hard times, multituci 
who profess to love Christ are still squandering money on things that are needle: 
and neglecting the call of their Lord. They follow fashion and gratify their luxu 
ous tastes, while those for whom Christ died call for the bread of life in vain. A 
even those who take worthier views of their relation to Christ and the heathen ne^ 
give in the way of self-denial and sacrifice. The spirit of sacrifice is essential to t 
perfection of the christian life ; yet how few who profess to be Christians knc 
what it means. God is pleased when his people sacrifice what costs them son 
thing, and if Christians would give for missions on this principle, there would 
abundance for the work. What is wanted now, above all things, is self-den 
on the part of the people of God, and a real sacrifice in giving. Will not all w! 
have been redeemed by Christ strive for this great christian attainment, and let 
firuit be seen in their gifts to the treasury ? 


From a Missionary Standpoint. 



3. A real necessity has arisen for some great and striking sacrifice on the part 
Christians who regard the authority of/Christ, and desire the prosperity of His cau 
The state of our Treasury is such that unless relief comes speedily, the missions 
der our care must be hindered and put back for years. Some of our most impo 
stations are on the eve of becoming vacant, and unless succor is given us at on 
these vacancies cannot be supplied. Some fields which open with great pro 
must be abandoned, or every mission must be feebly and languidly kept up. If 
present state of things continues, money for missionary tours, for native evangeli 
and for all forms of aggressive work among the heathen will be lacking, and the 
ciency of the missions will be at an end. If the work is to go on, nay, if the work li 
to be kept up to its present standard, we must have help at once. It were betti| 
that christian men and women should stint themselves in the ordinary expenses d 
living, than that such a blight should fall on our noble missionary work among thd 
heathen. It is simply the stake of temporal comforts against immortalities. 

4. There is every encouragement to do and to sacrifice in this blessed work. God 
is giving precious fruit in the missions, giving most bountifully, giving according tif 
the infinite resources of His grace. Converts are flocking to Christ among the Tc| 
loogoos, in Sweeden, in China, and elsewhere in unwonted numbers. God is so ridl 
in blessing, so ready to do for us exceeding abundantly above all that we ask ol 
think, that it is strange that we wish, that we dare to withhold. We ought to bi 
workers together with Him, but we have fallen out of line, and ceased to follow aC 
ter Him in His great and gracious work. Now once moi^e he calls you, O ye it< 
deemed people, to obey the voice of His Son, to follow the instructions of the Spirit^ 
and to walk worthy of God. Your material gifls will be rewarded with spiritui^ 
gifts, if offered in love to Christ. "Give, and it shall be given unto you; good 
measure, pressed down and shaken together, and running over shall it h^ given ink 
your bosoms. For with the same measure that ye mete withal,* shall it be me«i 
ured to you again." Grace shall be multiplied to you and to the heathen, thiough tfal 
gifts you lay on the altar of Christ's service, from the promptings" of a willing mini 
and a loving heart. Bring in the tithes, and prove the Lord and see if he will nol 
pour you out a blessing. Pastors, call your people at once to this high privilege. 
Do not let there be any failure through your neglect. • 



Very much has been well said and written 
upon the relation of Pastors to the cause of 

Their responsibility has been often, and 
plainly stated ; their ability and disposition to 
meet that responsibility most emphatically de- 
clared, especially when the question of agency 
or secretary work has been under discussion, 
BDdytt, careful ^ud extensive observation com- 

pels the conclusion, that there is little, if an) 
improvement in methods or results, with a verj 
large proportion of our pastors. 

Where, and in what lies the difficulty? 1 
place it right here; failing to recognize th< 
evangelistic missionary idea of the christiai] 
church and ministry. 

Church, and ministerial work at home, 12 
thought of and acted upon as the prindpal 
thing, and the evangelization of the world, tib 
another and distinct branch of labor. ThiJ 
appears in the work of many of our best pa» 


They Can bt Supplied. 


?ho once in a year preach a set mission" 
rmon, or obtain the help of some one to 
for them, and because it is a set mis- 
ry sermon^ and is to be followed by a col- 
n, IS avoided by some, and dreaded by 
, and that is all, or nearly all the church 
:ongregation hear about missions during 
ear. The missionary sermon is well, so 
\ it goes, but it is not enough. No man 
»yone or two such efforts in a year educate 
^le up to a proper interest in the cause of 

le pastor needs to have the ** great com- 
Ion," the last, great commandment, writ- 
leep in his mind, graven upon his heart, 
ch a ma n sees the evangelization of a lost 
i as the great, all-important object before 
:hurch and the ministry. Such a man^s 
IS to the most needy fields first ; and if he 
ot himself go to such fields, he will be 
:x>nsecrated, active supporter of such as 

! is the servant of a missionary Master ; 
called to lead on a missionary church to 
x)nquest of the world for Christ. He has 
so much taken hold of the work, as the 
: has taken hold upon him, and he is like 
rrcat apostle, ** a debtor to all men." 
s reads the Bible, and the current litera- 
from a missionary standpoint. Not politics, 
science, not theology even, but the Gos- 
^f salvation for the world is the ruling pas- 
ef his soul. 

ich a man^s prayers, exhortations, and ser- 
is, will be permeated by this missionary 

5 a thorough, zealous, temperance man 
find opportunity for many a £act and illus- 

tration bearing upon the cause of temperance, 
so will a real missionary pastor find the field of 
Christian Missions rich in £acts, illustrations, 
and inspirations in his work. 

This ** leaven of the kingdom" will leaven 
the "whole lump" of his ministerial life. Such 
a man need scarcely preach a set missionar>' 
sermon, as his sermons are all missionary in 
spirit and tendency. 

He will read, think, talk and act missions in . 
a manner to lead up and on his people, to a 
deep and active interest in the work. 

Where no such advance is seen, no such 
minister lives and labors. Such men take and 
read missionary publications ; are always glad 
of a live, warm missionary sermon from a sec- 
retary, and such men can be relied upon for 
good work, and such alone. 

How such a standpoint can be gained by any 
ministry is a grave and important question. 

The Missionary Magazine in the hands of 
every pastor would do much. 

A weekly newspaper, thoroughly permeated 
with this christian missionary spirit, would do 
even more ; and a thorough baptism of all our 
Theological Seminaries in missionary interest, 
zeal, and practical aim^ would do most of all 
for those who enjoy their advantages. 

To these may, and ought to be added, the 
work of the secretaries of the Union, not as * 
beggars, but as the Lord's servants, who by 
sermons, addresses, conventions, correspond- 
ence, and every possible way seek to help 
churches and pastors on and up to a higher 
plane of christian missionary activity. 

Is such a state of things possible? If pos- 
sible, is it not the duty of all concerned, untir- 
ingly to seek it? 



rhc February number of our Missionary lands: First, Missionaries \ second. Money; 

fiAZiNE has for the opening sentence of the third. Prayer. These three things, and these 

t article these weighty and significant words : alone, are essential to grand and glorious suc- 

liree things are indispensable to a success-'-* cess. The absence of any one of these ele- 

prosecution of christian missions in pagan ments will cripple, \f not dtleax^ >^^ ^iA.^x'^tn&^. 


They Can be Supplied. 


The simple question, then, is, can the Church 
supply these needs? To illustrate the fact that 
she can, is the object of the present article. 


We, of course, could not now send out a 
sufficient number to plant the standard of the 
cross and establish churches in every city 
and village over every continent and amid 
all the islands of the sea. This sublime 
consummation is to be reached and realized 
gradually, by our making the most of the 
grand possibilities that are constantly develop- 
ing. But we have a sufficient number of con- 
secrated men to-day that American Baptist 
Christians ought to yield up to re-enforce our 
struggling missions, and to occupy all the 
great centres of influence on the globe. 


True, times are hard. But our nation is 
not half so nearly bankrupt as politicians, 
who have an axe to grind, would have us 
believe. The practical difficulty is, our money 
is not distributed. Is it not just possible 
that we need to come squarely to this ques- 
tion, and canvass it very thoroughly as Chris- 
tians? In our larger cities we have, betimes, 
gorgeous temples, costing from $100,000 to 
$500,000, in which God is worshipped. We 
have ministers receiving from $5,000 to $10,- 
000 annually, and oftentimes, as a result of 
this policy, these metropolitan churches, 
whose influence ought to engirdle our globe, 
are crippled. Is this just as the Master 
would have it, when the world is perishing 
for the bread of life ? I am well aware 
that the popular argument is, **This is an age 
of culture, of refined and aesthetic taste. Our 
cities are rallying points of culture .and refine- 
ment, and we must have just such houses of 
worship, and our ministers must live after just 
such a style, or we shall lose our hold upon the 
cultured masses." I may belong to that spec- 
tacled and rapidly disappearing class known as 
old fogies ; but I can not prevent the inquiry 
from arising, which will the more powerfidly 
draw God-ward, heaven-ward — richly furnished 
sanctuaries and parsonages, or an indwelling 
CbiiBt ? There is an ancient story of a certain 

shepherd-boy who refused the rojral arm< 
great king, and with sling and stone, 
forth in the strength of the Lord God, b 
victory to the armies of the living God. 
what the Church needs to-day is to lift h 
from damask ottomans, draw off her kic 
in tender, tearful, loving sympathy, go 01 
men. I believe in good, attractive hoi 
worship; I believe in God's faithful sc 
being well paid for their earnest labors o 
But, as the newly-married pair say, ** Wt 
go as we can ; we will have everything 
nice, trim, substantial now, by-and-bye ^ 
have a finer house, a more luxuriant \ 
Would it not be better for the Church 1 
** Although we have been battling and co 
ing for eighteen centuries, yet we stand 
threshold of sublime victories, and until 
are won, we must use our money wisely 
the best possible advantage; and whe 
world is reached, all its dark places illur 
then we will, in every city, and village 
hamlet, as a love offering, rear a gorgeou 
pie to the praise and glory of Him by 
might the victory has been wrought." 

We have money. The Devil has a 
money he needs to augment the tide of 1 
woe. Our theatres, our saloons, our 
courses, our houses of nameless sin, d 
have to go begging — all are patronizec 
they do a cash business. Why cannot the 
to whom the silver, and the gold, and the 
upon a thousand hills belong, have me: 
carry forward the interests of His kingdc 

Our great lack as to money, is the abse 
system. The majority of our churches a 
reached at all. In few of the contril 
churches are all the members reached. B 
A or sister B are passed by because th 
poor, forgetting that the love-offering, t 
small, is, in the sight of God, of great pi 

Brethren, in the ministry and out of 
cannot be guiltless in God's sight while tl 
an abundance of means in the hands of 
stewards, and the world is perishing w 
the bread of life. We are our brother's k 
Churches can be reached; their slum! 
energies can, under God, be aroused, if \ 
earnestly address ourselves to the work. 
interests of a perishing world demand ths 


Chinese Spiritism. 


id leading brethren in our churches take 
latter home to their own hearts, think, 
ind, in conjunction with the District Sec- 
'S^pian for the development of the grace 
ng in all the churches. 


yer and almsgiving should go together. 
Christian can pray for missions. And 
here we fail, perhaps, as largely as 
e matter of giving. How seldom we 
I prayer for our missionaries at home 
road, or for the triumphs of truth in 
t parts! We cannot expect a very 
degree of interest in any work that we do 

not make a matter of earnest, especial prayer. 
Right here, brethren and sisters, every one 
can share equally. Others may be able to outdo 
you in giving, but you can 'pray as well as 
others. And let us, one and all, begin to pray 
for missions; for our heroic, self-sacrificing 
missionaries; for native preachers; for the 
work, in its every department, on the foreign 
field. Thus by praying, and giving of men and 
money, the day of gladness and victory will 
speedily dawn, — the glad shout will resound 
through the highest heavens : *' The kingdoms 
of earth have become the kingdoms of our Lord 
and of his Christ.*^ 



t week a heathen woman, whom the 

women had taught for two months, came 

hem from Po Thai, a town twenty nbles 

from here, on the Ril-ie River. She 

d to be baptized, but her case was de- 

for further examination. The account 

she gave of herself was, that for twenty 

she had been a spiritual medium; but 

(he believed that Jesus could and would 

ler from the powers of darkness. When 

ras first attacked by the spirits she had 

tisions, and was as one delirious, and 

in this state she announced that she 

i the next morning walk over a bed of 

Dg coals. When she came to herself she 

>led and wept, because she thought she 

d be burned to death ; but as the people 

not unfamiliar with similar manifestations, 

;>repared the bed of coals, thirty-five feet 

and at the appointed time she again be- 

frenzied, and walked over it unharmed. 

then, every year, when there is to be a 

ence, or cholera is to prevail, she goes 

this fi^nzy, and cuts her tongue with a 

, letting some drops of the blood fall into 

^head of water. This water the people 

: as a specific against contagion. With 

est of the blood she writes charms, which 

ta^ paste upon their door-posts, or wear 

upon their persons, as preventives of evil. 
Sometimes she predicts that two little girls of 
the same height will walk the burning road with 
her, and when she is ready to start on it, a pair 
of the girls of the village are impelled to come 
out of the crowd of spectators, and, in spite of 
themselves, to follow her over the fiery path. 
She also takes oif her head-cloth, dips it into a 
pot of boiling oil, and washes herself with it 
unscathed; but if she scatters any of it on 
other people it blisters them. While in this 
condition she is possessed by the spirit of a 
female demon, and does its will, not her own. 
She says that the sensations of being possessed 
are worse than sea-sickness, which latter was 
probably a new and impressive experience to 
her, when she came here by boat. She holds 
communication with this spirit at any time, and 
people come constantly for consultation with it, 
through her. She receives no money for her 
services as interpreter, but tells what offerings 
are to be brought to propitiate it, and she has 
the edibles which remain after the ceremonies 
of worship are completed. 

Soon after she had met the Bible women and 
heard the gospel from them, a man came to get 
advice from the spirit concerning a sick child ; 
but she took the incense-pot used in her prac- 
tices and threw it, wit]i 2^ \\& ^'^'^>ax\.^iaxiK«&^ 


The Russian " Stundists." 


into the river. Her adherents said she had 
gone crazy, but she told them she had only just 
l>ecome sane. She continued to come daily to 
the Bible women for instruction, and now pro- 
fesses fdth in Christ, ** who is able to save unto 
the uttermost all them that come unto God, by 
Him." The women tell me that she has a hus- 
band, four sons, and three daughters-in-law, 
who are all very fond of her, and revere her ; 
that her family is wealthy and influential, and 
that all the neighborhood is looking to see 
some great calamity befall her in consequence 
of her having abjured her God. 

Such ** spiritual mediums ^^ are not rare in 
this region. Almost every village has one or 
more, each having h^^ or her familiar spirit. If 
Spiritualism is good, China ought to be the 
most enlightened and holy of countries. 

But though ** spiritual mediums" are so nu- 
imerous here, no practical wisdom has come 
from the other world through them. On this 
side the earth, as on the other, departed wise 
men ignore this method of communication with 
human kind. Confucius has not imparted, 
through them, any exhortations concerning 
the duties of the five relations, any more than 
Shakespeare has used English mediums for send- 
ing a new poem to his compatriots. Hwang Ti, 
who invented Chinese boats, has no more sug- 
gested an improvement in them than has Watt 
in the steam-engine. Tu, who drained the 
country after a great flood, has given no useful 
hints in later inundations, but has been as silent 
as Morse has been concerning a more perfect 
telegraph insulator. Rublai Khan has £ailed toL 
show his people how to make another as usefu 
thing as the Grand Canal, just as Eli W hitney 
has neglected to give us another invention equal 
to the cotton-gin. Here, as there, philanthro- 
pists, and writers, and statesmen, have died 

with unfinished work on hand, and have 
no use of the ''spiritual mediums" to te 
it should be completed. When Mencius 
maxims as wise as those he wrote when* 
flesh, and Milton a poem as grand as P: 
Lost, and Fuhhi a new musical instrumei 
Bacon more perfect laws of investigation 
will be reason for esteeming the m< 
through which such valuable communi 
are sent. But while ** spiritual mediui 
the most authentic sort swarm in Chin 
fail, as in America, to convey any useful 
edge to mankind. 

There are two now among the Bible 
who have been subjects of this delusion, 
session, and since they have known Ch 
years, no tendency to this madness lia 
them. Perhaps some of the demons ex 
by Christ when on earth were of this sort, 
as then, when He lays His hand on a 
the devil must go out. And here, ai 
lands, are fulfilled His words to His di 
** The works that I do shall ye do alj 
grAiter works than these shall ye do." 
visible in the flesh. He turned water int 
now He works the greater miracle of 
hatred into love, pride into humility, y 
into gentleness, deceit, into abhorrc 
fialsehood. While on earth. He made 1 
verts one by one ; now He tiu-ns whol 
doms from their idols to Himself. The 
ing miracle of creation, even, is re-' 
before our eyes ; God breathes His bre 
a lump of clay and it becomes a man ! 

And here the weakest of Christ's < 
(some women whom He has but lately to 
have laid their hands on a woman in 
demon had dwelt for twenty years, 
demon has gone out of her. 



It was in the beginning of 1873 that the in- 
teresting fact of the existence of Bible Chris- 
ttans In the very midst of Russia became more 

widely known. A report came from 1 
pire of fearful sufferings, fines, impris 
and even scourging, to which a religio 

The Russian ** StundistsT 


tundistSj had been subjected for merely 
the Bible, and holding religious meet- 
h each other. The sympathy of the 
1 public was roused ; money to alleviate 
fierings was contributed, and measures 
tr them from the yoke of the oppressor 
vised. America took a full share in 
ince in the following year the large 
:s of the Evangelical Alliance happened 
eld in that country. Professor Kaus- 
ich brought the subject before the Com- 
»f the Alliance, and urged prompt inter- 
in behalf of the suiferers. This was 
.nd if the writer is not mistaken, even 
m diplomacy was engaged in favor of 
ressed for conscience' sake. Soon after 
cry for help subsided, and the subject 
I from the papers, as it was understood 
Russian government was rather sensi- 
the matter, and that the condition of 
irers might be made worse by unwise 
from private sources, which were open 
eyes of their enemies. For these rea- 
e subject has been shrouded in ^ome 
5 up to ^he present time.' 
he veil of secrecy is no longer neces- 
>w that the Stundist movement is being 
;d all over Russia in the leading politi- 
ecclesiastical journals of that country, 
tie government, although called upon 
dy by the Greek clergy to protect their 
, no longer sanctions, as it appears, any 
proceedings against the simple, unof- 
Bible readers, but seems to have come 
lecision to look on, and to wait the fur- 
irelopment of affairs, 
r'ery fortunate, that just at this moment, 
I of the whole event has come to hand, 
le pen of one of the chief agents and 
s in the movement. This was of course 
in Russian, but it has been made acces- 
a larger circle, by its having been trans- 
to German by a brother who is person- 
^uainted with the original writer, and 
to his sincerity and zeal, and who is of 
that if means could be found for sup- 
him in mbsionary service, he might be 
great blessing to his countrymen. Your 
will doubtless be interested to listen to 
lary of this narrative. They will receive 

in this way the first accurate and detailed ac- 
count of a most wonderful work of God, which 
is going on at the present moment in the very 
heart of the great Empire, to which the eyes of 
the whole world are directed just now. 


But before doing so, it may be well to ex- 
plain a new name, that has of late been added 
to the ecclesiastical vocabulary. The German 
word Stunde originally means an hour^ simply, 
but it is also applied to religious meetings held 
without ( or even within ) , the Established 
Church, as such ones generally last an hour. 
This phrase is most common in Wirtemberg, 
from which part of Germany many of the colo- 
nists of Russia have come. In this way it has 
come about, that visitors of religious meetings 
were called Stundists by the Russian peasantry. 
A Stundist then, does not necessarily mean a 
Baptist ; but there is a presumption of his hav- 
ing Baptist views, as it is a fact that the whole 
movement gravitates much in favor of our opin- 
ions, which cannot be wondered at if it is re- 
membered, that the Greek Church has pre- 
served immersion up to the present moment, 
and that the Russian New Testament has be- 
gun to be circulated largely among the Russian 
people. Whether those convinced of believers' 
baptism have carried their theory into practice, 
depends upon the question whether they have 
found a Philip or not. Numbers have already 
been baptized, as is well known, at different 
places. But even if this should have been 
done, these brethren prefer forming particular 
congregations of their own, and not to 'unite 
with their German-speaking co-religionists, 
which is the best ^oWcy they can adopt at pres- 
ent. We will now proceed to our narrative. 


Gerasim Balaban, a peasant of Toehaplinko, 
a village in the government of Kiew, had been 
absent from home many years. During this 
time he heard the Gospel preached at a certain 
place in the government of Cherson, where a 
revival occurred, and he too was converted to 
God. Soon after this (in 1870) he returned 
to his native place in order to get his passport 
prolonged. Of course he could not be silent 
among hb comrades about the wonderful things 


The Russian '^ Stundists." 


he had heard, and the change he had under- 
gone. The consequence of this was, that when 
he appeared at the police office to receive his 
pass, which waited for him, and needed only to 
be signed and sealed, the parish priest ap- 
peared also, and protested against the paper 
being delivered to him, as Balaban was a here- 
tic, and must first be taught to worship images, 
according to the Orthodox faith. Every diy 
Balaban had now to repair to the Office in 
order to be catechized, which of course proved 
perfectly useless, as he was well grounded in 
the word of God, and was able to say with the 
Psalmist, *'I have more understanding than all 
my teachers, for thy testimonies are my medi* 

The discussion, however, was after all not 
so useless as it seemed to be. There was a 
quiet listener to it, who saw with amazement 
that a layman could be wiser than a cleric. 
This man was frran Ljassotzki, the clerk of 
the police district, who had thus in the provi- 
dence of God, a ver)' rare opportunity oflfered 
to himself of having the truth preached to 
him in a very correct and thorough manner. 
The more he listened, the more he was con- 
vinced that Balaban was right. He accord- 
ingly visited him in his house, where the way 
of God was expounded more perfectly to him, 
and where, among other things, he was in- 
formed that baptism belonged to believers 
only, and that this old way of God had been 
restored already in the neighboring province 
of Cherson. In confirmation of all this, Irran 
was presented with a copy of the New Testa- 
ment. Irran now with all readiness of mind 
searched the Scriptures daily whether those 
things were so, and soon came to a saving 
knowledge of the truth. When this was done, 
he found his own brother Gabriel, too, who 
was teacher in the same village, and soon the 
latter believed also. 

•It is true that they had at once to testify to 
the truth, that we must through much tribula- 
tion enter into the kingdom of God. For the 
priest, much more enraged than before, when 
he saw what his theology had effected, had 
Balaban, who was the chief heretic, imprisoned, 
and Gabriel Ljassotzki dismissed from office, 
while Irran was first removed to a diatant vil- 

lage, but soon after, as he did not give 
Bible reading even there, he was discharge 
office too. Yet these things which happ( 
them, fell out rather to the furtherance 
gospel. For in order to gain a livelihc 
their own manual labor, both brothers no\ 
to a Russian Stundist near Odessa, who 
a form, and here they had the much wist 
opportunity of seeing their new convictn 
practical working, and accordingly were 
strengthened in the faith. The Lord evi 
would not have the fiery trial to com< 
them before they were able to stand the 
But then came 


In the spring of 1872 both brothers re 
to their native district ; not to their nati 
age, but to another one named Kossjak 
a place which was destined to become 
memorable one in future. Their fiather 1 
here, and they intended to assist him in 
ing, and erecting a little rough cottage, 
doing this, they disseminated the trutl 
quiet way, when suddenly the arm of p< 
tion laid hold of them. For on July 21st 
the brothers Ljassotzki, two brethren fror 
haplinko, two other couples from two mc 
lages, and a young sister, Tekla Bogda 
ska, were all arrested and placed in cust 
the Arch priest. After some time the; 
removed to the civil prison, in order 
brought before the court, where they han 
their defence, an outline of ten rules cop 
Gabriel Ljassotzki at the brother^s near C 
as their confession of fiaith. This, ho 
had no other effect but that they were a 
all of them, locked up in the tower of tl 
trict town of Taraschtscha, where they 
stay till May 23d, 1873. 

These sufferings tried their foith muc 
an unexpected trial of a spiritual kin 
added, and is described by them in the 
ing words : 

When we entered the tower Balabs 
there already. This was a comfort ; but 
not live longer than two or three mor 
peace with him. For then we began to < 
hotly, because Balaban rejected water b 
and the Lord^s Supper entirely, and late 


The Russian " Stundists.'* 


xistence of our Lord himself (probably 
jalizing the whole gospel), although he 
aid himself, formerly, that both ordinances 
ged to Miei'ers in Christ, Seven other 
ren, as well as sister Tekia, went on his 

we three only, Paul Zibolski, my brother 
,' remained true to the convicdon that we 
: to be baptized, and to celebrate the 
s death. A great war was accordingly 
d on amongst us. Three of us had a fight 
St nine. But when the latter did not only 
our feith, but even proceeded to make it a 
ct of ricljicule, we had to bear so heavy 
den as ** human tongue is not able to 

ittle later the three faithful ones, as well 
nee of the others, were transported to the 

of Kiew, in order to be tried by thfe pro- 
J government, which has its seat here, 
luthorities, however, varied in their opin- 
as to the punbhment which was to be 
led to the prisoners. The Solicitor-Gen- 
ranted them to be banished to a wild ter- 
behind the Caucasus, in order to colonize 
ile the court would prefer condemning the 
i^jassotzkis to penal labor, and dismissing 
St. In this divided state it was necessary 
peal to a higher tribunal; and so the 
lonment for trial, to which our friends 
nly been subjected as yet, was prolonged 


ile these afflictions were being accom- 
d in them, their brethren outside the 
I had to undergo another kind of suffer- 
certainly no less painful. Already, before 
irere arrested, it had happened that a cer- 
lurka, another inhabitant of Kosszakonka, 
egun to obey the gospel, and had learned 
id the Bible ; a crime for which he was 
five roubles. For the payment of this sum 
s obliged to sell his last Switka, or grey 

moreover, when he continued to read the 
during the night, and had conversed with 
Bople of another village on the way of sal- 
U he received twenty-six strokes with the 
rhile at the same time his fur was taken 
from him and he was ordered to make a 

around the school-grounds. Moreover 
I, his two sisters, and two other women. 

had been beaten by the magistrate with a stick 
on the annual festival in commemoration of the 
consecration of the Church, because they had 
declined to bow before a wooden cross on that 
occasion. But when the above named had been 
taken into prison the storm of persecution burst 
upon those that were left behind with greater 
fury. Merely for going to Tarasohtscha, in 
order to put in a petition in favor of his breth- 
ren, Kurka was again treated most violentiy by 
the inhuman officer mentioned, who not only 
pulled his hair, as well as that of his sister, and 
beat them both with a stick, but permitted also 
another peasant in the inn to place him first, 
and then his sister, on a table, and gave each 
twenty-five strokes with the well-known Rus- 
sian knout, which punishment was immediately 
afterwards applied upon him a second time, 
because he refused to make the sign of the 
cross, and to worship images. 

But harder punishment followed. In the 
middle of December of the same year, Kurka, 
as well as both his sisters, were first deprived of 
all their clothes by that fiendish officer, then 
again beaten by him with a stick, and at last 
all of them put into the cholodria (the cold — 
the common Russisui term for a village prison), 
where they had to spend three days, their na- 
kedness only covered by shirts. At length the 
priest came and set them free. However, after 
a short time (October, 1873), Kurka was ar- 
rested again and placed in a cloister cell, where 
he was detained nine months. 

Another heroic feat of this furious defender 
of the faith was the following: It was the 
feast of Pentecost, the 19th of May, 1871. The 
littie band of believers had met in a house in 
order to pray for the promised gift of the Spirit, 
when suddenly they were surprised by the ap- 
pearance of the Satrosta^ who rushed into the 
house where they were assembled, and used his 
stick so vigorously on the heads of the suppli- 
ants, that all dispersed in different directions. 
He ran after them ; the first he caught was a 
woman. He conducted her at once to the 
windmill, threw her on the ground, placed one 
man on her head, another on her feet, and then 
applied with his own hands twenty-three strokes 
of the knout, after which he tied her to a post. 
As many as he could catch of the rest had to 


The Russian '* Stundists!* 

undergo the same process, while the strokes 
were increased every time a new culprit had his 
turn, so that the. last got thirty-six lashes. 
Then all w^ere driven to the Office, and a hea\7 
fine was imposed upon the brethren, and all 
others who had frequented their meetings, 
which amounted in the whole to one hundred 
and twenty roubles. The fining of those who 
prayed was a common punishment, and it is 
computed that seven hundred roubles were in 
all taken from these poor people for their alle- 
giance to the word of God. 


But pow the Most High came to the rescue. 
On Dec. 22d, 1874, all the prisoners were sud- 
denly set free by an order that had come from 
the Minister of the Interior. Is it too much 
to assume that this was done in pursuance of 
the steps taken in behalf of them from with- 
out, to which allusion has been made at the be- 
ginning? At any rate the Lord had heard the 
prayers of his people, that had been offered for 
these poor sufferers on both sides of the Atlan- 
tic. They had now been in prison nearly three 
years. Simultaneously the violence against 
those outside the prison ceased, so that it is 
plain that the government had resolved to tol- 
erate the Stundists, though no explicit com- 
munication of any such sort was made to the 
parties themselves, which is not the fashion in 
Russia. However, it could be concluded from 
the fects that now they were suffered to go on 
in their way unmolested. 

This of course was verj' gratifying. But 
there was an unfortunate thing: Balaban had 
been dismissed before the rest, 9nd had already 
disseminated his errors among the flock, so 
that when the brothers Ljassotzki came home 
they found that even Kurka, who officiated as 
deacon of the church, had been drawn away 
by him, as well as several others. Neverthe- 
less, the testimony of the two brothers has not 
been in vain, so that not only Kurka, but also 
the elder of the erring congregation have al- 
ready returned to the form of sound words, 
have been baptized, and are now members of a 

church of the New Testament. The 
formed with ten members, Irran 
first going into the government of C 
order to be baptized himself, and th* 
ing the rest. Irran was baptized s 
since, and the government does not 
The nucleus of a great work of grace 
have been called into existence h( 
wonder-working hand of the Lord; 
would not wish and implore for its 
and peace ! What the Church wan 
present is a simple house of worsh 
cottage now used for religious service 
churches) will prove more and m< 

We conclude this report by adding 
ments on the Stundist movement, 
appeared in Russian papers. In t! 
them the Stundists are praised for 
conduct, in which, as it is said there, 
the Orthodox. The other is taken 
Odessa newspaper of May 26, 1876 

•* KiEW. On the spread of Stundi 
government of Kiew, the Now Wi 1 
paper) writes as follows : * This sect 
ed and imported in Kiew by the peas 
sim Balaban ; and although the latte 
confined by the civil authorities to 
Tochaplinko, from which he fled tc 
emment of Cherson, Stundism gai 
more and more, chiefly in the village 
linko and Kossjakowka, in the distric 
tschausk. There are only a ver>' f 
all the three thousand Orthodox inh 
this district who have resisted entir 
fluence of this sect. The chief cent 
propagandism is the village Kossjako^ 
two zealous followers of Balaban, th 
Ljassotzki, though they have been nr 
already for their practices in prison 
tinue to labor earnestly in the intei 
sect. The local (ecclesiastical) Boa 
little apprehensive about this, and hj 
instructed all clergymen belonging tc 
their flocks as much as they are s 
against them.'' 


Christians in Trust with the Gospel. 




Trustee b one to whom something has 
\ intrusted to be cared for and to be ac- 
ited for by him at some future time. He 
ot the owner, he is only a trustee. He is 
the principal, he is only the agent. But he 
}t a mere servant, or one who works simply 
er the direction and eye of his master, 
fidence is reposed in him, so that he is 
ved and expected to use his own judgment 
ome extent in the administration of affairs, 
is left in some measure to his own guid- 
i and direction. 

[cnce the position of a Trustee is one emi- 
tly adapted to awaken and call forth the senti- 
It of honor. The- man has been trusted^ and 
fidence has been reposed in his integrity, 
be idXst to the trust thus committed to 
, would be to prove himself a base man. 
.ccordingly, human laws punish such an abuse 
onfidence, or breach of trust, with penalties, 
find, too, that worldly men cherish this 
iment of honor as something sacred. Men 
act as trustees, as they would not if they 
t priadpals. The guardian of an orphan 
i will make greater effort under the stimu- 
)f this sentiment than he will from love of 
1 for himself. He says, ** If it were simply 
myself, I would not be so strict. But I am 
ng for another. My friend is dead, and he 
osted to me the interests of his child. I 
t be €tdthful." Similarly the bank director, 
express-messenger, the mail-carrier, the 
xrh-tender, all feel this sentiment to a 
Iter or less degree. So strong is this sen- 
ent in some of these men that they become 
itively dangerous when acting as trustees, 
rwn, the citizen, is a peaceable man, and 
I endure many an affront rather than con- 
d. But Brown, the express-messenger, with 
box of treasure, will send a ball through 
n heart without the least hesitation if you 
erfere with the business with which he is in- 
isted. The truth is, this is something more 
an sentiment. It is principle. It is honesty. 
JK absence of it proves the absence of a true 

But the question may arise here, — Is the 
Christian necessarily a trustee? In reply, we 
appeal at once to the Scriptures. Said the 
Saviour in his parting injunctions, '*Go ye 
therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them 
in the name of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to 
observe all things whatsoever I have com- 
manded you.'' ** Go ye into all the world, and 
preach the gospel to every creature," "And 
that repentance and remission of sins should 
be preached in His name among all nations, 
beginning at Jerusalem.*" 

Here, then, is a plain, simple, yet unspeak- 
ably important work, laid upon the disciples of 
Christ, — a sacred trust committed to them, — 
** Goy evangelize the world,^'* The work could 
not have been done by those alone who heard 
the Saviour give the command. This would 
have involved, so far as we can see, not a 
miracle, but an impossibility. It was not done 
by them. Christ did not expect it should be. 
It could be done only by the co-operation of 
the whole body of believers. 

Accordingly we find the gracious endowment 
of the Spirit coming not upon the Twelve merely, 
nor upon the company of believers in Jerusalem 
alone, but upon Paul and Barnabas, and Silas 
and Timothy, and the Gentilts, and upon all 
who love their Lord. **The manifestation of 
the Spirit is given to every man to profit 
withal." So that every new-born soul not only 
feels a joy in the conversion of others and an 
earnest desire for the same, but also some de- 
gree of the Spirit of God to enable him to 
work for their conversion. The absence of 
this desire and of this endowment of the Spirit 
. is proof that the soul is still dead in selfishness 
and sin. Paul said, '* Woe is me if I preach 
not the gospel ;" and every real believer in Je- 
sus feels in his measure, and according to his 
ability, the same woe. The whole missionary 
work is but the imperfect expression of this 
woe, resting upon the heart and conscience of 
the christian world. Kud \^% "vn^ ^^cyo^oas^^ 


Morals of China. 


while the gospel is the same, the human con- 
science is the same, and the Holy Spirit does 
the same work, and while ** there is another 
man^^ unsaved. 

We ask, then, what are the conditions of good 
trusteeship ? 

(i) The good trustee will remember that 
he is a trustee, — he will never regard himself 
as master or owner. To violate this principle 
is to prove himself a dishonest man. This is 
sufficiently clear in worldly affairs, and it is just 
as true and real in the moral trusteeship of the 
Christian. We have no right to be uncon- 
scious of this truth. Christianity teaches a 
higher morality than the world, and the trust 
is infinitely greater. 

(2) Another condition of good trusteeship 
is to strive to develop and increase the capital 
intrusted to our care. Unless the man does 
this, his capital will diminish. Nothing is sta- 
tionary. Not to gain is to lose. The buried 
talent is lost; it grows only by being used. 
A thousand forces combine to eat up and wear 
away idle capital. Hence, 

(3) The thu'd condition of good trusteeship is 
that the means be used for the Principal or 
Master in the most direct and immediate man- 
ner possible. 

The simple and direct method seems to be 
the common-sense method, and the one acted 
upon by the Master, and by those who have 

Heathenism can never produce a high .type 
of morality. Here and there may be men who 
stand out as moralists, and whose writings in- 
culcate fine religious sentiments, but these, from 
the very nature of the case, are pervaded by 
error and superstition. Confucius and Buddh 
taught many noble truths, but with them doc- 
trines that neutralized their power and that in- 
terfered with the spiritual elevation of the 
masses. Idolatry can never elevate man. 
With it are associated vices and glaring evils 
that keep its votaries in hopeless bondage. 
Rev. M. J. Knowlton says, ** Avariciousness 
sways the heart of all classes, fi-om the highest 
to the lowest. There is no mode of deception 
and fraud, no trick nor art in trade, no quack- 
ery or jugglery, in which the Chinese are not 

been most successful in his service. L< 
labor as they will for a gospel of art 
tiu*e and philosophy, — things all good 
way ; but while more than half the wo 
heathen darkness, and the great mass 
kind is living in sin, let those who ackn 
Christ as their Lord use the talents intr 
them, so far as possible, directly anc 
diately for the spread of the gospel 
salvation of souls. 


In view of these principles and of the 
not one-third of the Baptist churches 
Northern States contribute anything 
spread of the gospel in other lands, wl 
we say of the moral honesty of our bi 
Can we resist the conclusion that there 
amount of real dishonesty of heart bef 
among us ? 

Again, when all the professed dis( 
our Lord become truly honest, what a 
impulse will be given to the cause 
land ! One of the arguments for the 
umph of the gospel is the £eict that : 
has been accomplished with only a tith* 
resources in the hands of professed Ch 
But when the principles of honesty in : 
ship shall be understood and laid to he 
all the resources brought out and used, 
umph will be swift and sure. May tl 
hasten it in his time ! 

perfect adepts. Deception and lying 
common that they have almost lost 
sciousness that they are wrong. Ba 
and quarrelling, slandering and curs 
trigues and broils, are universal. Pilfei 
theft ; robbery, extortion, and piracy ; 
infanticide, and murder; lotteries, gz 
shops, opium dens, and brothels, a 
common. In short, the description j 
Romans of the moral condition of the 
is true to the letter as applied to the C 
It is, then, evident that the religions ei 
by them have not made and kept them ^ 
or made them strong in principle an< 
and pure in character. Their conditi 
urgent plea for evangelistic labor, but it 
a mighty obstacle to its success. — The 

The Best Investment, 




^ incidents of our Bible work during 
may prove interesting. In February, 
h one or two of the girls made a trip 
paUem, seven miles north of Nellore. 
reak, when four miles out, suddenly 
they found a company of pilgrims fol- 
tie bandy. A mother and father, two 
in baskets on a donkey, three females, 
e coolies with their goods, formed the 
On entering into conversation, Julia 
;y were returning from the famous shrine 
tty, some seventy miles southwest of 
to their home in Guntoor, over a 
miles north. Their heads were shaved, 
were weary and forlorn-looking. One 
omen complained that she did not get 
)d she expected ; and then Julia corn- 
telling her the **01d. Old Story," the 
tting words into her mouth. They 
vith rapt attention, at times intemipt- 
'ith, ** We never heard of this Jesus ! " 
lid not some one tell us?" ** How 
pray? " ** What must we do to come 
•rd? " ** We have travelled so feir, we 
ns, our children have been sick, we 
It our money, but we have not gained 
our souls!" Three miles were spent 

the precious truths of Jesus, in sing- 
eeet hymns and in pleasant intercourse, 
\ they had to part. The pilgrims 

few books, gospel portions, etc., 
the Christians, and passed on their 
laps never to meet again till they meet 
he great White Throne. Will the 
ring up into everlasting life? The 
le knoweth ! 

iste village visited by the same band 
t later, some fifty or more flocked 
the new-comers to hear the stor>' 
Tross. An interesting widow ^ about 
u-ee years of age, wished she could 

flee from the bondage of caste. Another said 
— ** Our customs and idolatry donH save our 
souls, and we have come to know we have 
souls ; what can we do; we are in this dreadful 
state?" One woman said, ** No more waiting. 
I am coming to Jesus!" She came the fol- 
lowing Sabbath and requested baptism. It 
was deferred a month until the light within her 
was clearer. A prayer-meeting, started in one 
of the villages in February, lasted till the cholera 
broke out in July ; it has since been re-stai^ed, 
and we hope for good results from it. In 
Rajahpallem the Christians have a weekly 
prayer-meeting, and also meet at each other^s 
houses at night to talk and pray. 

Our Bible women visit some dozen villages 
outside of Nellore ; they are gladly received, 
and generally well listened to. It is a rare 
thing to find a woman who can read ; therefore • 
when the seed is once dropped it must be 
watered again and again to insure any lasting 
good, they forget so soon. In nearly every 
village some mothers will say, ** I want to give 
my children up to learn to read and to get 
the good ; " and they are sending them faster 
than we can accommodate them, but not faster 
than we desire. 

The work is being pushed forward this cold 
weather with fresh vigor. Our new matron 
is energetic, and has made several short trips, 
and is planning some more extended ones. 
She always takes two of the women and one 
or two of the older girls with her. The women 
are beginning to feel more and more the impor- 
tance of the work, and to be anxious to con- 
tribute their mite. There is much to be done ; 
the work is a great one ; and though the seeds 
be dropped by the wayside, and are never heard 
of more, yet the Lx)rd will take care of them. 
He knows. 

" Sown in the darkness, or sown in the light. 
Sown in our weakness, or sown in our might. 
Gathered in time or eternity. 
Sure, ah sure will the harvest be." 


» seem that if all the circumstances of 
were taken into consideration, it would 
scessar}- so often to call the attention 

of our people to the subject of Foreign Missions. 
There is no department of christian eflfort, 
which, has more manifestly been blessed of 
God, than the preaching of His word \s\ ^^cvc^VsjgcL 


Missionaty Correspondence. 


lands. Especially is this so with Baptist mis- 
sions. For the outlay, no work has yielded so 
large results as this. The fruit of Baptist mis- 
sionary labor, considered in this respect, is 
largely greater than that of any other body of 
Christians, and if we accept it as sound policy, 
that we should make as careful investment of 

our means for Christ as we do for ours< 
then, what opportunity presents itself t 
where, for a given investment, a larger i 
may be expected than in giving for th« s 
of the gospel in heathen lands? — The C 


It is necessary for our ministry to preach 
more on Foreign Missions. Brethren of the 
ministry, suffer a word of exhortation. We do 
not presume to dictate. Do you preach regu- 
larly upon this subject? If you did, would not 
great results follow ? No subject is more attrac- 
tive to both minister and people. If a man can 
preach on anything, he surely can preach on 

the great commission. Is not the thei 
grand one? The work 

" Might fill an angel's heart, 
And filled a Saviour's hands.** 

We urge our brethren in the ministr>% 
to give scope to the thoughts and fe 
which the subject stirs within them, and j 
for the honor and glory of Christ, and the 
of immortal souls, on this inspiring thei 



Pt0sion ia i)^t l^nmust. 

Letter from Mrs. Ingalls. 

Thongzai, Jan. 4, 1877. 

Another Service Established. — We have an- 
other new Sabbath service established between this 
and Letpadan. It is a new settlement a few miles 
from the Government road, and begins to have the 
name of Mo Ing, which means '* Rain Lake." 

One of our preachers and the new convert, Po 
Shaw Mot, have just returned from a trip to that 
place. They baptized two men and received one 
candidate, and report a number of good inquirers. 
One of the men has been ready for his baptism 
some months, but he was not a well-educated man 
and we feared that he did not understand the way. 
He has made good progress in reading, and we 
hope his faith is founded on the Bible. One of our 
preachers was in poor health, and decided that he 
would cultivate some land, and only receive a little 
help from us during the time. He removed ^o this 
place, and people followed him and made a little 
settlement. We established a Sabbath service and 
the people came, and now God has blessed his ef- 
forts so that he has Christian brethren about him, 
and his own health is restored. 

Applicants for Baptism. — This week we have 
had several applicants for baptism, but all were re- 
fused, though we hope for some of them. One 
man had so much trouble with his relatives, that he 
iras tempted to seek for the companionship of the 

Christians. We told him that we were not p 
and he had a good evidence of it in the ca: 
man and his wife, who had a disagreemei 
really wanted to separate. Another man w 
gusted with the Boodhist religion, and thoi 
would try ours ; but he did not know whc 
was. He fancied that a strict adherence 
commands of the eternal God about the kee| 
the Sabbath and the rejection of idols was • 
to admit him into heaven. We told him of t 
heart and the inner life ; and the man said 
not a subject for heaven. But he is a very 
man, and we hope that he may yet be am< 
chosen ones. One woman came because h 
bnad was a gambler, and she hoped we co 
form him, but she was ignorant of Christ : 

Preparing for Building. — The peopl 
brought the first posts for our house, and we ! 
begin our building next month. To-day 
clearing our ground of coal and ashes. 

An Escape from Fire. — At Sou way the 
had a fire, which consumed a hundred hou: 
it did not reach our grounds, and we are vcr) 

Pission to t^e J^Humt. 
Letfer from Mr. Goooell. 

Bassein, Jfan. i, 

An Interesting Convert. — Brother J 
and I purpose a short jungle trip together 


Missionary Correspondency. 


I have just returned after an absence of fif- 
ays, and have found very much to encourage 
went something on the plan of Mrs. Thomas, 
with me several of our pastors. I baptized 
cx>r girl, a cripple, who said she had long 
d to he baptized, but she could hardly walk to 
lurch. Her house was some three miles from 
ilage, but only a short distance from a stream 

[TING Difficult. It is difficult to visit the 
lusters of Pwo houses that are scattered all 
he country here ; but I set out with the pur- 
of seeing as many as possible, and nearly 
morning or night went to one or more of 
It is seldon\ that they are found at the river 
)ut generally distant from the Burman town 
le river from one to three miles, and even fur- 
There are five, ten, fifteen or more houses, 
Iways one head man of the village. It is diffi- 
say, to reach them, for if we start about sun- 
he heavy dew and the tall grass will soon wet 
kfough above the knees. If we wait until the 
ies it off, it is then too hot, and unsafe to 
The most comfortable time to go is after four 
k ; but then there is comparatively little time, 
s heavy dew comes on soon after sundown, 
; is in some places quite unsafe. In two or 
instances I went quite early, and staid until 

I Extent of the Work. I am more and 
impressed with the extent of the work among 
vos of this district. During this short jour- 
esides the churches that I met with, I visited 
r-eight of these heathen villages. The same 
ras pursued as last year, making the churches 
mtres from which to work out ; and we also 
to most of the accessible places along the 
Mr. Van Meter had preceded me in the 
)f these places, though we found a few where 
d not been, and two where no Pwo Karen 
ber had ever before been to preach to them 
in their own tongue. They were not far from 
gau Karen churches ; and through them they 
something of the Christian religion, though 
•eemed to be more closely allied to the Bur- 
than to the Sgau, and the pastor of the Sgau 
h, who accompanied me from his village, told 
lat it was with difficulty he could make him- 

I Interesting Case. At one of these two 
^ lives Song Ong Jan, quite a large boy, who 
i of our school last year, and came to it. At 
ioie of the term, the tears came to his eyes 

as he took my hand and promised to pray for him- 
self that he might become a christian. We found 
out his village at some distance from any of ou^ 
churches, and went to it especially to see him. He 
received us gladly, as did some others of the* vil- 
lagers. We trust he is a christian. He followed us 
back to the boat, as •did also another young man, 
and sat in it listening to our conversation, and ap- 
parently drinking in the truth, till we were obliged 
to leave. 

The Botfles Broken. Two years ago two 
young men in Wah Kyoung were baptized, and I 
mentioned the fact in my annual report, trusting 
that the two would become a nucleus for good in 
the midst of their heathen relatives and .friends. 
One of the young men has been in our school two 
terms since then. It appears that his father has 
been an inquirer for several years, even before the 
baptism of his son. I visited him at his house and 
at once asked him if he was ready to worship God. 
He immediately replied with decision, " yes, now." 
"Well, what about the bottle?" He would throw it 
away. I said "bring it out." He hesitated a mo- 
ment and said, "wait a little, and I will ask mother." 
She was willing that hers, which had been in the 
family a long time, should go too, and after a sea- 
son of prayer and exhortation and instruction from 
the native preachers and myself, the bottles were 
brought out and broken. He listened Very intently, 
and frequently called the attention of his wife and 
family, who seemed less interested than he, to the 
truth that was being spoken. 

The Signification of the Bottles. It is the 
custom for each head of a family or household 
among the heathen Karens to keep this bottle, in 
which they yearly make offerings to the evil spirits, 
of a kind of intoxicating drink. If the bottle is 
broken intentionally, or thrown away, it is regarded 
as an insult to the Nats, and they fear much suffer- 
ing. When they make the offering, they say 
" Drink, drink, and do us no ill." When they ar» 
ready to throw this away, it is regarded as one of 
the best evidences of their sincerity in desiring to 
lead christian lives. I tried to explain the truth to 
the old grandmother, and we trust that she received 
it. The family are at some distance from the 
church, and they propose that when it is impracti- 
cable to go^ the young man should read and pray 
at their own house. 

BUR.MAN Inqi'IRERS, Near here are also found 
three Burman men, two of whom are apparently 
sincere inquirers. I have reported their cases to 
Brother Jameson, and bo^ X\mlX \vfi v**'^ \>t ^^^^ 


^jfissioHary Corrtspmdtnct. 


to see them, as I coald talk with them only through 
ah interpreter. 

' Value of Native Helpers. I think I have 
learned in these few days to value our native helpers 
more than I have ever done before. Some of the 
time I carried on the most of the conversation, at 
other times they did ; and often they followed up 
what I had said with . earnestness, tact and ability 
that surprised me ; and I often felt that while my 
presence might be a help to them, they could do the 
work through their knowledge of the Karen mind, 
of the language, and of the Scriptures too, better 
than I. Sometimes I helped them with passages of 
Scripture to enforce their teaching, and I am sure 
that were we obliged to go without them, we should 
feel very much crippled and alone. Our native 
preachers are doing a grand work among their 
heathen brethren in Burmah, and may God help us 
in our schools to train up young men and young 
women for faithful pastors, teachers, and Bible 
readers, and efficient church members, and may the 
Lord send forth more laborers into his harvest. 

Letter from Mr. Bunker. 

TouNGOO, Dec. 25, 1876. 

Reorganizing Churches. — I have just returned 
from a month's tour ♦ • ♦ I have begun at 
last what has been in my heart to do for years, viz., 
the re-organization of the Bghai Karen churches, 
some sixty or more in number. I say " re-organiza- 
tion," but I might as well say. organization, for they 
really have never been organized, I am safe in 
speaking about my own field. See. There has 
never been a church-book in all the Bghai churches, 
never a list of members or baptized in any village, 
never any correct record of baptisms, never any for- 
mal or complete organization of one church even. 
Many churches have no deacons. No ehurck has 
any adequate discipline of members. The native 
disciples know not what a church means, different 
from a village. 

My question has not been, why, but, how shall this 
be remedied ? I have watched for a chance to begin 
to rectify this slmost fatal mistake, and I intend to set 
as many of these churches right as I possibly can 
this season. I have gone through eighteen of the 
worst churches, and worked up the church li!>ls 
from the beginning, giving dates of baptisms, with 
the names of the administrators as well as of those 
baptized, dates of suspensions, exclusions and 
deaths, with facts of interest. This list is copied 
<7i// /7AiiJ^ JA a church-book. In the beginning of 

this book is a list of former pastors, with the; 
of entering and leaving the service of the < 
and reason of leaving, followed by the < 
Covenant, and the list of members as above 
date of the formation of the church is a! 

Church Discipline. — After renewing tki 
enantf deacons, and if nece^ary, deaconess 
chosen ; pastors if necessary, school provid* 
and donations for the same in kind gathere 
and there. All this is done in each church, 
renewal of covenant brings Mason Karens 
P. G— ites to book. They have never Icf 
churches by a formal vote. They are now h 
to book for breaking their covenant made i 
tism, that is, about worship, Sabbath-keepii 
and in most cases they are, I am glad to say, b 
to repentance. However, out of eighteen 
worst churches, sixty-seven members have bet 
pended, and thirteen expelled; the total m< 
ship of these churches was 672. I tell you i 
hard sometimes, but I believe the Lord h: 
pared the way, and this is it. Now the nativ 
tors know . how to lead the churches in disc 
formerly even the ordained men did not kno 
expected when I began, that fully half of the 
bership of these eighteen churches would t 
but now most will be saved, I trust. 

Aid from Native Pastors. — Many of the 
pastors are aiding me in this work, and it is a 
school for them. It acts like a resurrection, I 
questions about discipline, never before undei 
are answered. They see that this matter < 
cipline affects the churches differently from 
they have been accustomed to think. As I 
want to go through all the churches in this ws 
then for a solid advance upon the ranks of t 
emy. ♦ • ♦ Everything is looking full ol 
promise. I trust the harvest is near. 

jOltssion to tbe S^ans. 
Letter from Mr. Gushing. 

.Vbsolite Necf-ssities. — I beg you, v 
delay, to search out, and send us early next ai 
a re-inforcement. Our plans are based on w] 
feel conscientiously to be the absolute necessii 
the mission, viz. : 

iKt. If Bhamo is not^ in my opinion, a 
Shan station, I shall retur.i to Toungoo wi 
family before the rains set in, and resume n 
mer work there. A helper would be nee 
then, for reasons repeatedly alleged in former 1 


Missionary Correspondence. 


If Bhamo is a good locality for a Sban sta- 
wish to secure it to our Mission ; for, being 
ly part of the Shan States at present accessi- 
' residence, it will be invaluable as a centre of 
eAngelistic effort for the Sbans in the North 
Already the Roman Catholic Bishop has 
ished at Bhamo a mission to the Shans, and 
I thers a priest, wlfr is studying their Ian- 
; an indication of what the Roman Catholics 
of Bhamo as a place whence to work for the 
. Its occupation, also, would give unity to 
rangelistic work for the Shans, which would 
ee greatly to future success. I mention this 
Ee the China inland missionaries, although at 
loking China-ward only, are disposed to occupy 
:kl if we do not. 

idue to your past efforts for the Shans that 
ork should be protected from unnecessary sec- 
divisions, which always hinder progress so 
y. To secure the station I propose to remain 
amo until next autumn. If you send a man 
I can settle him, and give him a start in the 
age. Then I will return to Toungoo aAd 
le work there. Before next autumn will have 
d, you will be able to signify whether you will 
the necessary man, or decide to abandon this 
ue movement. I plan thus to give one year 

this movement, because 

The Scriptures are absolutely necessary to 
isful evangehzation. I have done my best to 
re myself for the work of Scripture transla- 
ind after nearly ten years of missionary life, I 
hat the time has come to enter upon it vigor- 
, and with as little interruption as possible. 
this year, I wish to devote all the rains of 
year, at least, until the work is done. In this 
printing especially cannot be done from Bhamo. 

1 It would be wrong to abandon the Shan 
from the .Toungoo »de. I alluded to this 

T in my proposal to the committee last Febru- 
True, Toungoo itself is only temporarily a 
station. In returning to Toungoo, I propose 
at, as often as possible, the Central and South- 
Shan States during the dry seasons, until the 
tore work shall be advanced enough to permit 
) go and reside at Mon^, or some other place 
em. Many laborious journeys have made me 
iar with these States, and thousands of tracts 
been scattered there. It is worse than foolish 
bw this labor to be lost. Toungoo must also, 
be present, form the source of supply uf native 
en, if Bhamo is occupied, and furnish, more^ 
, the men for entrance into the Central and 

Southern States. If, therefore, you send a family to 
Bahmo, the Shan field vdU be worked on its north- 
west and south-east sides, from stations six hun- 
dred miles apart, thus sending in the Gospel from 
both sides. 

Toungoo to be Held. — But although I remain 
at Bhamo, Mrs. Cushing will not remain. By the 
close of this dry season she will return to Toungoo, 
and devote herself to Shan mission work there. 
This is necessary for many reasons, which, without 
entering into details, may be summed up in the fact 
that the Shan work there needs a Shan missionary 
to look after it She will gather about her the 
scholars waiting for her, and at the close of the 
rains spend much of her time in visiting Shan vil- 
lages, with such of the native preachers as are there, 
as she was accustomed to do formerly. This family 
separation will be a great trial ; but if Bhamo is the 
important Shan station that it is represented to be, 
the nun-arrival of any helper leaves us no choice. I 
covet no such separation, and have no inclinaHon 
to prescribe it to others. 

What Answer? — It is time to ask the question 
squarely, ** Do you mean to keep up the mission to 
the Shans, or not?" There is no use for me to go 
on scattering my strength over everything, and in 
the end see my life-work, an essential failure, be- 
cause there are none to help or to carry it on. The 
responsibility lies with the committee. I show you 
by the plans proposed that I am ready to do all that 
lies in my power, but if you do not send help, every 
sacrifice here will be in vain. I have written re- 
peatedly of the importance of the field. I know 
that there is no mission-field in Burmah that de- 
mands a new missionary as much as the Shan. 
The present seems to be a turning point for the 
Mission, on which much of its future success de- 
pends. In your love for Christ, if you have any 
pity for this great people, and any wish that our 
work should succeed, send us help at once, I beg 

PltMton to t^e ^ssamtse. 

Letter from Mr. Mason. 

GowALPARA, Dec. 30, 1876. 
Visit Among the Hills. — Since my last writ- 
ing I have spent two weeks in the hills. Eighteen 
new converts were baptized, concerning many of 
whom I might, if it were necessary, give you some 
very interesting accounts. One was a woman whose 
husband, on account of her profession, had aban- 
doned her, homeless and peimWe^ \o \^^ TCktx^^:^ 


Missionary Correspondence, 


of her God. But His mercies are never-ending, 
praised be His name. Most of the time I was ac- 
companied by both Ramkhe and Runkhee, and also 
by some of the lay brethren from other sections. 

Organizing Churches. — At each of two chief 
stations we organized a church, or, as these have 
heretofore been represented as churches, I should 
perhaps say that we ordained elders and deacons in 
each church. I had given the leading members 
previous instructions here at Gowalpara, concerning 
the relations of the Christian church to the world, 
and had explained to them the Scriptures concern- 
ing church organization and church work in estab- 
lishing the kingdom of God in the world. Upon 
reaching the stations I gave a brief of the same to 
the whole body, after which, in accordance with my 
instructions, they chose from their number those 
who can serve as elders and deacons, as well as 
clerks, treasurers, and so forth. In each case we 
read to them first the duties of an elder, and the 
character of the men who should BU the office. 
When they had made their choice, we all knelt, and 
in the presence of all we laid our hands on the 
chosen ones and prayed that they might have 
strength and wisdom to perform their duties well. 

Officers Elected. — Afterwards the same was 
done with those chosen for deacons. The minor 
officers were simply elected. In the first church, 
one elder and two deacons were ordained ; in the 
other, two elders and three deacons. We did not 
ask for their Christian experience and call to the 
ministry, but knowing their past lives and labors for 
the Lord, we accepted the unanimous choice of the 
body as a sufficient evidence of the Lord's will. Of 
those chosen, besides t^e acting pastors, three are 
now doing the work of evaxfgelists, and two others 
are teaching at sub-stations some ten or twelve 
miles from the main bodies. 

Training the Churches. — It is our aim to 
teach each of these assemblies of Christians to do 
their share in the great work of evangelizing the 
world. To do this they must learn to act independ- 
ently, in accordance with their best judgment and 
understanding of the Scriptures. While it is impos- 
sible to have such officers as are found in most of 
our home churches, it seems to me nevertheless, 
important that there should be leaders and a divi- 
sion of work among them, and that the men best 
fitted for these offices should be set apart. I should, 
however, be glad to know if your views coincide 
with mine. 

The work here is growing. May the Lord grant 
us wisdom and the power of the Holy Spirit, to lay 

true and solid foundations for a lasting ch 
this Asiatic interior. May he also grant the 
tians at home a willingness to supply the nc 

Pisston to t^t Seloogoos. 

Letter from Mr. Campbell. 

Secunderabad, Jan. i, 

Touring. — I am very happy and truly tl 
to God that I am able to answer your inqu 
specting the work here with favorable and 
aging replies. In a number of villages the 
are listening well to the glad news of s; 
Since the beginning of the present cool s 
have spent a good portion of the time touring, 
dve helpers have been with me. Once or twi 
I have been in for a short time, they have I 
alone. My second tour was olmost entirely 
villages where we have never been before 
course the people heard the gospel for the fi 
The other two tours were mostly in village 
either myself or preachers had previously b< 
the newly visited villages our experience w 
lar to that of last year — they generally 
well. In the previously visited villages 
somewhat varied experience. While in th< 
ity of instances the attention of the peop 
fests no marked difference from that of 
times, but there are some exceptions. In 
lage where they had previously bought a 
of books, they told the preachers that tJ 
torn them up and thrown them away. The 
Brahmin told them that they were not fit b 
them to read; and he tore up his and all 

. followed his example. In other villages th< 
fest increased interest and listen inquiringl] 

A Great Evil. — I am learning more ai 
of the fearful bondage under which Satan 1 
subjects here. The use of sari and cullo 
liquors, is almost universal. These are u 
great extent by all, and especially by th 
classes. I one day asked a poor man who 
my tent begging, how much sari he dra 
said he did not drink because he had n< 
but if I would give him money he would di 
much. Poor man ! it seemed to be nothin 
in his eyes, and most of the poor people 
bold it in the same light, and so they drink 

* t* drunken in the night.'* This is no small 
to the Lord's work. 


In Memoriam. 


E^ooR People Oppeessed. — Another inatrn- 
' Satam that we have to meet here aboTe 
>mmon to heathendom is the fear under 
h e poor people (the ones most susceptible 
;ospel) live . You must remember that we 
under English rule, that is, so far as the in- 
;ovemment of the Nizam's domains is con- 
It is true that the Nizam is, according to 
stipulations, under the Queen to-day pro- 
** Empress of India." But it is what is 
foreign country and under the Nizam's rule. 
;h the Government has a much brighter re- 
>w th an during the pEast, and is improving, 
\ poor people are often oppressed and dare 
their souls their own. They have been sub- 
leceit and expect deceit. 
• Back by Fear. — At one village where 
iple had previously listened well, I tried to 
lem come to the tent that we might have 
, singing, etc. They asked the preachers 
nt, ''Why do you want us to come?" Although 
id been previously told many times, they 
red some de ceit, and would not come. The 
class will often hi de themselves- when they 
crtming to their village. This fear is not 
overcome and it will require patient toil. 
RSTiTiON. — Heathen superstition, consid- 
connection with the above-mentioned facts, 
with what we have to contend. During my 
> I met with the following example of their 
ttion. I was preaching in a village and a 
had gathered about us. I soon heard the 
of tom-toms a little distance from us. Af- 
mr minutes they came near, still beating vig- 
The CTQwd seemed to pay no attention to 
but were listening attentively. Suddenly a 
Touching down, ran rapidly out from the 
and those beating the tom-toms and most of 
wd followed him. He ran to a Mohamme- 
tomb that was about a stone's throw distant, 
•rshipped. A man stood beside him holding 
I incense, the crowd were about him and the 
ns were constantly beaten. I asked what 
ant. They said that the day before a woman 
tad died of the cholera, and that her death 
tributed to the spirit of this Mohammedan 
se tomb they worshipped, in revenge for his 
ath, which had occurred a year before on ac- 
if the muntrums (a kind of heathen prayers) 
ertain fiumer of the village. The Moham- 
i was now taking revenge, and they were tiy- 
sppease his spirit by their worship, so that he 
not kill them all, or spread the cholera in the 

THE Ranks op SAtan Broken. — But notwith- 
standing we have these devices of Satan to contend 
against, I have some glorious news to write you. 
The ranks of Satan here have been broken. Last 
Lord's day three who had come in from a village 
called Pogoolagoodum, about twelve miles east from 
Secunderabad, were baptized with these two from 
Mrs. Campbell's boarding-school, making Bve in all. 
Two came from Pogoolagoodum on Friday night, 
and the three came the next day with the native 
preachers. The conversions of the three, father, 
mother and son, were to us very interesting. They 
had previously heard, and during our three day's 
stay there, the son often listened attentively to the 
preachers. The last evening one of the preachers 
brought the son to me saying, " he was believing." 
After questioning and talking with him for some- 
time, I saw by his eagerness and the brightness of 
hi« countenance that he was in earnest. After sit- 
ting in the tent and listening for about half an hour 
he suddenly started up and said, " I will go and call 
my father and mother and bring them here." He 
soon returned with them, and a happy evening we 
had. The Lord was with us. They had to com- 
mence by learning the name of Jesus, but they 
soon not only learned to speak that dear name with 
their lips, but they had it in their hearts. We all 
bowed, and one of the preachers prayed. As be 
prayed that they might believe, the father broke out 
in a clear distinct voice, " / believe.** I have no 
doubt but that, as one of the preachers told them 
as I was writing their names, that their names were 
written in heaven. These are the Brst that the 
Lord has here given us from among the heathen. 

Our previous baptisms were European soldiers 
Eurasians, and one previously believing native. But 
we have been long praying for the break among the 
heathen, which the Lord has now permitted us to 
witness. With us praise His great and blessed 
name, and unite with us in pleading that this may 
be the beginning of glorious days for the Lord's 
work here. I expect by the blessing of God to re- 
turn to Pogoolagoodum again to-morrow. Pray for 
us, and we request all who love the work of the 
Lord here to unite with us at the throne of divme 


The friends in Hinesburg and Fairfax, Ver- 
mont, in Watcrtown, Mass., and other places. 
^ho remember 3oVm P. Saiit^ac^, XV^ vaJd^^cX ^^ 


Lt Memoriam. 


this brief sketch, will be interested to know 
something of his later life. 

He was bom in the district of Bassein, Bur- 
mah, about the year 1836. His parents became 
Christians when he was quite small, and as he 
grew up, they did their best to give him oppor- 
tunities for study. He first attended Rev. Mr. 
Abbott^s school in Sandoway, and afterwards, 
the Anglo-Karen School in Maulmain for a few 
years. In 1854, Rev. Mr. Beecher being 
obliged to return to America, took Sahnay with 
him. As he was a young man of more than 
ordinary promise, Mr. Beecher believed that it 
would be wise to give him a better education 
than it was possible for Karens to receive in 
their native land at that time. 

He attended the Academy in Hinesburg for a 
time, and was afterwards a student at Fairfax, 
and for a little while at Hamilton. During his 
sojourn of six or seven years in America, he 
received much kind assistance from christian 
friends, especially from J. Locke, Esq., of 
Watertown, Mass., all of whom he ever held 
in grateful remembrance. 

In May 1861, we find him in Bassein, enter- 
ing upon what proved to be the work of his 
life, the building up of the Anglo-Karen Nor- 
mal and Industrial Institute, which Mr. Beecher 
had established the previous year. To begin 
with he had nothing but the rawest of raw ma- 
terial. His school-room was of the rudest 
and frailest description. For several years, he 
bore the chief burden of teaching in the En- 
glish department. In tim«» however, the choic- 
est of his early pupils became assistant teachers, 
aiid the school had grown at the time of his de- 
parture, into an institution which far exceeded 
the promise of its infancy. 

On his retiun, he laid aside the expensive 
English dress and habits of living to which he 
had been accustomed in America, and thus he 
was enabled to do a work for his people which 
he never could have done under other condi- 
tions His example in this respect is worthy 
of the imitation of those Asiatic Christians who, 
like him, have received an expensive education, 
gratuitously, at the hands of American Chris- 
tians. He threw himself upon his own people 
for support. His monthly pay for many years 
was Rs 40. For the last year he received 

only Rs. 50. On this sum, he not oz 
as a modest native gentleman should ] 
he made regular and liberal donations 
cause which he loved. 

In October, 1870, Mrs. Carpenter^s 
and my own being much impaired, it 
advisable for us to attend the Conveo 
Toungoo, in the hope that the changi 
be beneficial. It became necessary t< 
the entire care of the school upon Sah: 
the six weeks of oiu* absence. He a 
the charge with cheerful readiness. It 
however, to be too much for him. He 
severe cold, but continued to teach, pre; 
sing without respite until our return, 
that time we favored him as much as p 
During the vacations he gave himself w 
rest, but the cough which he then coi 
never £airly left him, until he finally sue 
to it. 

A year ago last October, he consente* 
ordained pastor of the Institute Church 
office he had repeatedly declined, and i 
day of rejoicing to us all when he so 
and heartily accepted the new respon 
His spirit had been good, but from tha 
new spirit seemed to possess him. He e^ 
felt a care for the souls of the church n 
and of all the pupils resting upon him 
Carpenter and myself had recently unit 
the church by letter, and we soon came 
towards him in an 'unlooked-for degree 
pastor. His sermons and prayers too 
new earnestness. Even when he did n< 
self lead the services, his presence and 
showed the watchful, anxious care wh 
•true pastor ever feels for his flock. We 
and thanked the Lord week by week 
grace which He had vouchsafed to His : 

During the last rains, his strength 
noticeably less. His younger child w 
for some months and finally died in . 
Up to that time he had kept regularly 
class-work, but had accepted relief from 
ing. The death of his little boy see 
take away all his remaining strength, 
to give up all work from that day, but 
remained with us until after the Pastoi 
ference in October. On that occasion 1 
a little speech that touched every heart. 

The Missionary Outlook, 


g;reat scarcity and high price of rice, 
as a serious deficiency in the school 

It was necessary to raise Rs. looo, im- 
Jy, or to dose the school prematurely. 

was chainnan of the Committee. After 
lort had been read, he arose and after 
% with great simplicity to his own critical 
on, he said, in a weak voice, that the 
must go on. It was God^s work, and 
ot be allowed to stop, and that for his 
e wished to contribute two months^ pay 
deficiency. On the previous Sunday he 
4>tized two of the pupils. That, with 
de speedi, was his last public service, 
uch an example, there was no difficulty of 
in niakii^ up the required amount, 
^diately after the Conference he went to 
^le for rest and medical aid. At first we 
•aly fovorable reports of his condition ; 
led to be regaining strength. In a few 
however, we were startled by a sum- 
»r his wife and boy to go to him at once, 
would see him alive. The disease had 
itly left his hings, and attacked the or- 
' die abdomen, producing almost com- 
fitniction of the passages. He rallied 
Qough to be taken a few miles to his 
ik house, but it was only to die. He 
xl himself repeatedly as quite at peace, 
\ live or die as pleased the Lord. He 

showed much thoughtful care for his wife and 
all about him during his last days. On Wednes- 
day, the 29th of November, he entered into 
rest, and his body was buried in the burying 
ground at P^nah Theng. We cannot doubt that 
it is well with him, and as we look back, espec- 
ially over the past year, his whole memory 
seems filled with a christian firagrance for which 
we thank God. 

As a preacher, Rev. J. P. Sahnay excelled in 
earnest and vivid presentations of the truth. 
As one of his old pupils expressed it, it was 
not possible to sleep under his preaching. As 
a teacher, he commanded the respect, and es- 
pecially in his later years, the love of all his 
pupils. Although he often engaged with them 
in their sports, no one of them ever dared to 
trifle With him. He was spared to labor only 
fifteen years after his return from America, yet 
he has done a large work for christian educa- 
tion among the Karens. It^is on such men, 
trophies won by the gospel on heathen ground, 
that we are forced to rely more .and more for 
the completion of our work. We feel his loss 
deeply, but the Lord who has called him away 
can raise up others to fill the place. For this 

we pray. 

C. H. Carpenter. 

Bassein, January 13, 1877.* 


i. — Five pairs of Missionaries of the 
Inland Mission are now preaching 
uid distributing the Scriptures in five 
inevangelized provinces of China. 
SI, Messrs. Turner and James. 
SI, Messrs. King and Budd. 
UH, Messrs. Easton and Parker. 
UEN, Messrs. Cameron and ^icholl. 
lN, Messrs. Taylor and Clarke. 
St prajrer is specially requested for 
ioneers, that they may be preserved 
any dangers, and helped to speak hold- 
wisely, and that God will work with 
nd confirm their word with signs fol- 
The Rev. J. Hudson Taylor, the 
r of tlds enterprising Mission, is now in 
arrival was douded hy the death 

of Mrs. Stronach (formerly Mrs. Duncan), who 
had rendered valuable service to the Mission, 
and was beloved by many. He had visited 
Chin-Kiang and Yang-Chang at the date of his 
last letter, and speaks of encouraging proofe of 
God^s blessing, in the addition of converts to 
the churches at many of the stations. — /i/. 
Miss, News, 

Opium in China. — Rev. L. H. Gulick, 
M. D., reporting to the American Bible Society 
his first visit fi-om Japan to China, as Bible 
Agent, says, respecting his visit at Shanghai : 
**It is mortifying to find, so conspicuous on 
the river, among the clumsy junks, the gal- 
lant sail vessels, the ocean steamships, and 
the river steamers, also a ik\m!d[>^t ol >rc^\^v 


Edilorial Paragraphs, 


]y, dismasted and covered ^ulks, in which 
the opium of British India is stored, because 
the Chinese will not allow of its being other- 
wise than surreptitiously kept on Chinese soil* 
How affecting to find the stolid Chinaman, 
in his governmental relations, steadily refus- 
ing any complicity with this trade! and how 
sad that opium is forced on China by nom- 
inally christian guns and bayonets! God 
speed the day when the truly christian patriots 
of Old England, by continued appeals to its 
Bible-educated conscience, shall have raised 
such a sentiment as to sweep the deadly trade 
from both land and sea, as a contraband, not 
of war, but of peace and good-will ! This im- 
pediment to the Bible, and to all christian 
work, is the first £ict we hct as a Bible agent 
on landing in China ; and it will, for a long 
time yet, be one of the greatest of our difficul- 



The Methodist New Connection have 
rabed 3208/. for a Chinese Institution for train- 
ing native preachers. 

Constantinople defy the public opin 
Europe, they will only hasten and rendei 
striking their inevitable doom. The % 
ment of the Sultan is so oppressiv 
moral, and corrupt, that no European 
macy, however skillful, can prevent it bi 
up ere long." 

Fiji Island. — A visitor to the Is! 
Kandava, one of the Fiji Islands, was 
tea with the Missionary, when the bell 
He was told that this was the signal for 
worship, and that, of the 10,000 peo; 
the island, the Missionary did not ki 
a house where there would not then b 
ily prayer! And yet "Fiji was once a 
nym for cannibalism." 

Japan. — In the city of Tokio, Japan, 10,000 
people are said to attend the Missionary ser- 
vices. The changes going on in that popu- 
lous empire continue to be full of* encourage- 
ment to Christians' 

CiBSAREA. — The little band of thin 
testants in Csesarea has grown, withi 
last twenty-two years, into a commui 
2,500, largely under the labors of Mrs. 
worth, of the American Board. The 
been greater progress at the Caesarea A 
during the past year than in the previo 
years, though that station has long be< 
of the most prosperous in Turkey. 

TyRKEY. — •* Everyone in the East," says 
Mr. Baxter, ** believes that the Star of the 
Osmanli is waning ; the dreamy Arab on the 
banks of th^ Nile confesses it in mournful 
tones; the fiercer Mohammedans of North- 
ern Syria gnash their teeth and touch their 
scimetars, but do not deny the impending 
catastrophe ; and , if the governing few at 

The American Board, since its or| 
tion in 18 10, has expended sixteen milli 
dollars, and has sent out to the Foreig 
1 149 Missionaries. There are now 
Turkish Empire nearly 150 Missionaric 
by this Board. 

The Wesleyans contribute on an a 
nearly eight shillings per member each > 


The Frontispiece. — In China not only are 
there many barbers^ shops, but also in the streets 
you may see a man sitting down, and a barber 
shaving his head, or combing and plaiting his 
long queue. This is a picture of a man who 
can thus shave in the street, or go to any per- 
son's house. You see he carries his bench, and 
kU requisites, by a pole on his shoulders. On 

the one side of the picture is the fire-sto 
ter boiler and wash-bowl. The seat 
other side contains five little drawers, 
top he puts his money, in the next his 
in another his combs, and in the other tJ 
hair ; for in China false hair is sold. 

In China every man has the front part 
head shaved. When a little boy is a 


Editorial Paragraphs, 


razor is applied to his head. You would 
ne fimny-looking heads of hair if you 
jnong the Chinese ; for until a boy is 
en years of age it is not thought advjs- 
let his queue grow ; and so some have 
r growing in two, three, four or five va- 
arts of the head. 

le death of an Emperor, the magistrates 
ler officials are commanded not to shave 
eads for one hundred days. This is part 
national mourning proclamation. They 
3wever, permitted to cut the hair with 

f issiONARY^s Golden Wedding. Rev. 
tS Bennett and his wife Mrs. Stella 
NNETT, of Rangoon, Burmah, celebrated 
;o]den wedding in that city on the tenth 
uary last. They were married in Janu- 
827; in November, 1828, Mr. Bennett 
ppointed Missionary Printer to Biumah ; 
f, 1829, he sailed with his wife from Phil- 
da. They arrived at Maulmain in Janu- 
330, and had been in Burmah forty-seven 
almost to a day on the fiftieth anniver- 
of their marriage. Mr. Bennett took 
: of the Mission Press soon after his arri- 
ad managed it with rare prudence and 
acy not £ar from forty-six years. " He re- 
1 his connection with the Press in 1876, 
itired from its active duties enjoying the 
confidence and good will of all inter- 
m It. 

; occasion in Rangoon was exceedingly 
nt ; a laige number of missionaries and 
men were present, and the happy pair, 
»mparatively hale and strong, received the 
' congratulations of their missionary asso- 
, besides the more substantial testimonials 
:nds, children and grandchildren. The 
-s and blessings of thousands will attend 
-other and sister in all their future course. 

The fiscal year of the Missionary Union 
m the last day of March, but the present 
er of the "Magazine^^ goes to press on or 
the twentieth of March, and hence we 
t now state the condition of the Treasury 
e year. In order to give time to those 
at a distance to make returns, and also 
•e wko are near the Rooms, but who sure 

dilatory about leaking up their foreign mission * 
collections for the year, the Treasurer keeps 
his books open for .a few days after the fiscal 
year closes. Let all bear in mind that in 
these hard times, the work of the Union is in 
great danger of being hindered and injured for 
lack of funds. Let every church, and every 
church member give something, be it ever so 
little. And let no church and no member de- 
lay. What is done must be done quickly, or 
an appalling deficiency will appear in the Treas- 
urer's Annual Report, to be presented at the 
next Anniversaries soon to be held in Provi- 
dence, R.I. 

How many of the friends of the Union 
will this year double, or increase to some ex- 
tent, their annual donations to the cause of For- 
eign Missions, in order to make up for the lack 
of those who say they cannot this year give 
anything? There are many who can do this. 
And if they do not help in this time of need, a 
fearful burden will surely fall upon the work of 
the Union. 

Our readers will notice that the present issue 
of the "Magazine '^ is almost entirely made up 
from original articles, some of which are ex- 
ceedingly interesting, while all of them are 
very valuable. The publisher has from sub- 
scribers a large number of letters containing 
hearty commendations of the ''Magazine.^' 
Old readers say, "It was never more instructive 
and stirring than it is now.^^ 

A contributor to the funds of the Missionary 
Union writes from Kansas thus : — 

••I herein enclose $10 for Foreign Missions. 
I do not know but it will be the last from me, 
as I am now 70 years of age. But if I live, I 
shall do what I can. My income is small, only 
about $250 a year. I am all alone as to church 
privileges. I have not been to a Baptist meet- 
ing in three years. There are several Baptists 
in the neighborhood, but no preachers, and we 
are not able to pay for one. There is a church 
seven miles from us in one direction, and one 
ten miles in another; but I have no horse, 
and cannot leave home." Ten dollars for For- 
eign Missions out of an annual income of $250! 
What if others should ^ve Va >ii:i<fe ^om^ T^.>aa> 





The Sixty-third Annual Meeting of the American Baptist Missionary Union will be held in the First ] 
list Church of Providence, R^I., on Tuesday and Wednesday, the 22d and 23d of May, 1877. j 
Samuel Moss, D.D., of Indiana, will preach the Annual Sermon. 

[Signed,] H. S. Burrage, Recording Secrei 

PoRTTLANi*, Mb., March x6, 1877. 

The Sixty-third Annual Meeting of the Board of Managers of the American Baptist Missionary U 
will be held in the First Baptist Church of Providence, R.I., immediately after the adjournment of 
Missionary Union. [Signed,! J. B. Thresher, Recording Seen 

Dayton, March i6, 1877. 

MAINE, $569 95. 

Jeflerson, ist ch., za; Livermore Falls, ch., 25; 

S. Norridgewock, ch., 8; $45 00 

Stevens Plains, a young brother, 5 ; Bethel, Mrs. 

M. I. Newton, la; 17 00 

N. Livermore, Mrs. Libb^, zi; Mrs. Gilbert, Z4, 

for sup. of a Burman girl in Mrs. Eveleth's sch., 

Toungoo; as 00 

Rockland, Cedar-st. ch., zo; Hancock, Rev. R. G. 
Watson, 5; X5 00 

Damariscotta, ch., 64; New Sharon, Mrs. Zorah K. 
Morrell, tow. sup. c^ a Burman girl, named 
Winnie Morrell, in Mrs. Eveleth's school, 35; 
Corrinna, Alvin Young, 5; Martha Young, 5: 
Mt. Vernon, ch., per C. E. Young, zo; ZO9 00 

(xardiner, Brunswick-st. ch., 3Z.64; Penobscot 
Asso., J. C. White, Treas., Bugor, ad ch., (of 
wh. 35 is fr. S. S ,) x\y, Z66.64 

Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKensie, Dist. Secretary, 
Springvale, ch. ; zo 00 

Saco, ch., aa.50; Camden, a friend^ 3.90: Skowhe- 
gan, Charles Miller, zo; Waterville, ch-, Z40.9Z: 
bo. Thomaston, Rev. C. M. Herring, 5: zSaf 3t 

NEW HAMPSHIRE, $4z8.oo. 

Antrim, bequest of late -Mrs. Hannah O. Abbott; 400 00 
New Ipswicn, ch., a; Stratham, Mrs. I. F. Smith, 6; 8 00 

Hudson Centre, Nancy B. Merrill, 5; Mrs. J. C. 
M. Greeley, 5; zo 00 

VERMONT. $6a.90. 

Windsor, Lucy Ellison, z; Vershire, ch., X7.90; z8 90 

Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKenzie, Dist. Sec'y. 
Whiting, ch., Z4; So. Windham, ch., 30: 44 00 

Boston, Clarendon-st. ch., Bmily Peulee, of wh. 
zo is for translating the Scriptures into Chinese, 

care of Rev. Wm. Dean, 30, gold: 31.54; a friend, 
tow. supL of nat. ors, care Rev. J. £. Clough, 
Onsole, India, azt.07; Charles-st. ch , Mrs. Sftrah 
Spalding, deceased, to const. Langdon Lauriston 
Ward and Nellie Spalding Ward, H. L. M., per 
Langdon S. Ward, adm , aoo; 443 a 

S. Hanson, ch , za; Chelsea, Gsrey-ave. ch., 76.37; 
Charlemont, a friend, ac ; 88 6a 

Weston ch,zo* N. AttleDoro',ch., za.aa: Charles- 
town, zst ch., Boardman Miss. Soc.,S. D. Sawin, 
tr., 600; 6a9 aa 

Clinton, ch.-, for sup. S. R. Solomon Vencutiah, nat. 
pr , care Kev J. £. Clough; 38 00 

Holyoke, ad ch., Dea. E. Chase, tr., zio; N. Ux- 
bridge, ch., as; Z35 00 

Shelbume Falls^ Mrs. Nancy Eager, a ; Arlington, 
ch., in pt, J. S. Crosby, tr., 939.45; Ea. Glouces- 
ter, ch.,7; 938 45 
Westboro', ch., 46.43; Chelmsford, zst ch., 50; 96 43 

So. Framingham, ch., 45 ; Worcester, Main-st. ch., 
S. S., 35; 70 00 

Princeton, Asa H. Goddard, 550; Grafton, Mass., 
zstch , 35; 575 oo 

N. Tewksbury, ch., za5.a6; Cohassett, Mrs. Mary 
A. W. Beaman, 8 ; 133 fl6 

Dorchester,a friend, for sup . of Lungiah, care Dr. Jew- 
ett, ao; N. Adams, ch., zoo; Jamaica Plain, S. S., 
for educating nat. teacher in fbeol. Sem. at Ran, 

St.aa; iveorgetown, ch., E. P. Perkins, tr., 6; 
range, ch., a; Charlestown, zst ch., George W. 
Little, tr , 78; . 998 99 

Medway, P. C. Bryant. 10 00 

Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKenxie, Dist. Sec'y, Hvde 
Atnir, M friead, i; Manchester, M. A. B*, s* Bos- 
ton, O. T. Cutter, Si ix 00 


Middlefield, ch., Z7; Leicester, Greenville, ch., Rev. 
John Sawyer, 5.50; 

Shelbume Falls, ch., \\\ N. Chelmsford, N. B. Ed- 
wards, zo; Miss HoTlis, zo; 

RHODE ISLAND, $985.39. 

Pawtucket,ch., z6; Providence, Mrs. A. P. Luther, 
for the Shan Mission, care Rev. J. N. Gushing, 
95; Central ch., S.S. ( and with previous cont ) 
to const. Elisha H. Rhodes, Anjanette E. Tink- 
ham, and Mrs. Edwin E. Calder, H. L. M., ^55*08 ; 
Friendship-st. ch., to const. Joseph A. Shaw, 
H. L. M., ; G. D. Wilcox, M. D. 30; 

Central Falls, ch., S. S.,for sup. nat. pr care Mrs. 

Ingalls, in pt. 
Warien, Dea. Stillman Welch, 

CONNECTICUT, $z,o59.3o- 
Aron, Mrs. Cornelia T. Bissell, 5; Stamford, ch., 

Rockville, Mrs. William Butler, for educating a 

children, to be named Gertrude and Louise Butler, 

in care Mrs. E. B. Cross, Toungoo, 

Middletown, David Stevens, 5; W. Suffield, a 

Cromwell, ch., Geo. W. Stevens, ao; Suffield, ad 

ch., N. S. Pomeroy, tr., 930; 
Vernon, Mrs. H. Fiske^a; Mrs. Huribut, z; M. W. 

Loomu, z ; Rosa Gamor, z ; Edwin G. BuUer, z ; 

Mrs. N. A. Crane, .50; Mrs. Westfail, .95; a 

friend, .95; 
Bridgeport, Ea. Wash'n-ave., ch., 6; Rainbow, ch., 

per Kev. O. Dodge, 8.7a ; 
Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKenzie, Dist. Sec'y> West 

KilUngly, a friend, 

NEW YORK, $z,673.zo. 

Strykersville, (of wh. '50 is fr. S. S. and ch.,) a 
friend^ for use of R«v. M. C. Mason, 

Nicholville, Royal Smith, a; Fort Ann, ch., Z5; 
Garrettville, S. J. Bennett and wife, Z5: Buffalo, 
Prospect-ave.,S.S., for sup. of a pupil, in care 
Rev. M. C. Mason, ay; 

Masonville, Rev. M. M. Everts, 5; C. Eyertt, a; 

Oswego Asso., per E. Harmon, tr., 30.88; Syra 
cuse. Central S. S. fof wh. 50 is for sup. of a nat., 
tr., care Mrs. M. B. Ingalls), 78.63; Albion, a 
friend, 50: 

GilbertsviUe, B. B. Munson, Z8.50; Nunda, Mrs. 
E. A. Page, a; 

Bethany, Rev. t. M. Scarflf, 5; New York, a friezid 
to the Miss. Union, a^; 

Cazenovia, ch., Lillian S. Dean, tr., 

Brooklyn, Wash'n-ave., S. S., Miss Soc. tow. sup. 
KoSnway Ngyo Prome, Burmah, D. Sommers 
Howe, tr.f per Rev. E. O. Stevens, 40 : Rochester, 
Judson Miss. Soc. of Theo. Sem, W. H H. Avery, 
tr.^7 ; Arcadia, Sidney Wilder, 3. 70 ; New York, 
J. E. Gates, zo; 

Coll. per Rev. O. Dodse, Dist. Sec'y* Southern 
N. Y. Asso., New York, Berean, ch., pt, Z5; East 
ch., pt, z6; North ch., 93.50; Plymouth ch., pt, 
7; Mrs. Greenough, z.50; R. M. Van Sickle, ao; 
Obed Wheeler, 5; W. B. Wheeler, 5; J.Mabben, 
3; B. S. Clark, zo; lady in McUougal-st. ch., a; 
Central ch , pt, 37.96; Mt. Vernon, pt, 6.75; 

Hudson River Central Asso., Newbury, ch., pc. 

Long Island Asso., Greenwood, ch , pt, 

A fnend (of wh. 100 is to sup. a zuu., pr caxe Mrs. 

WashinMOft Union Asso., Qneensburg, du, per 
Rev. Stephen Wright, 




T, Rev. H. Stone, for sup. nat. prs in Bur- 
Rev, Geo. H. Brigham, Dist. Sec'y AUe- 
Asio., Cuba, ch., xo; Welbville, coll. at 
^n., 9; 

ver Asso , Carthage, ch.» 
ind Tioga Asso , Oswego, ch., 
{US Asso., Hinsdale, ch., 
Assow, Auburn, ch., 39.0$; Skaneateles, 


o Asso., Greene, ch., 

Asso., Groton, ch., 

Asso., Deposit, ch., (of wh. 4 is fr. S. S..) 

Asso., Otego, ch., 93.8X: Oneonto, coll. 
, 3^.66; 

River, N. Asso., Hoosick Falls, ch., 
Asso., Rochester, xst ch., 9; Clifton, Miss 
ay, i; 

sio , Syracuse, ist ch., 
Asso., Ceatral-sq. ch., 34.14; Mexico, ch., 
. 8 06 is for S.S..) X6.79; 
^sso., Howard, en., 
ao., Dundee, ch., 

NEW JERSEY, $444.83. 
, ch., 

r Rev. O. Dodge, Dist. Sec'y East N.J. 
, xst ch., Plainfidid, Peter Balen, 
.1. Asso., Jersey City, tst ch., pt« 
Rev. J. V. Ambler, Dist. Sec'y Woodbury, 
».4i: Salem, Memorial Ch., 18.83; So.Am- 
Ik, to; Frenchtown, ch., 8.15; Hopewell, 
.74 ; Lambertville, ch. , 30; Moorestown, ch., 
Howell, ch., 5; Trenton, xst ch.,pt, 75.19; 
ch. (of wh. X each is fr. S. Jennie Love, G. 
e Love, M. C. Love, and Rev. (George F. 
for the debt), 


phia, 9d ch., (of wh. 50 is fr. S. S.,> J. A. 
r, tr., 

r Rev. J. V. Ambler, DUt, Sec'y PhiU. 

Broad-st. ch., balance 8x ; Nicetown, ch., 

Beth Eden, S. S., tow. sup Guntasala 

as, care Rev. W. W. Campbell, 50; (Jeth- 

eCh., «o; Manayunk-Ch., (ofwh. 37 is fr. 

xx8; Spring Garden, ch. (of wh. 95 is fr. 

ow. vxa. stu. in Rev. J. R. C^oddard s sch., 

o, TLte; Spruce-st. ch., 131.99; xst ch., 

^. Parker, 5 ; Lower Providence, ch., 33.30; 

wo', ch , 40; C. C. McNair, for sup. pr, 

Irs. C. B. Thomas, 30; Gwyneda, ch., X4; 

Ksao», HoUidaysburg, ch., 95.50; Johns- * 

Union Asso., Radnor, ch., xs; Rev. G. T. 

ir. East Nantmeal, c ; 

*wn, ch., xo; MciCeesport, ch , 4; Jefier- 

c,5; Freeport. ch., 9; Miss H. O. Perkins, 

Fhomas, x ; O. Werden, .95 ; 

tier Asso., Middktown, ch., 9 ; Forest Lake, 

L3ierty, ch., 8; 

DELAWARE, $197.00. 

r Rev. J. V. Ambler, Dist. Sec'y German 
f wh. 10 is fr. S. S), 97; Del.-ave., ch., for 
iooBg Att., Burman pr, care of Mrs. R. 
iley, xoo; 

OHIO, $495.57. 
d, Idaka Chapel, S. S., for sup. Baroo, 
Nr. Bronson, 
kiova, ch.* 44*37 ; Cincinnati, Mt. Auburn 

H. Cheever, tr., xoo; Wauka^tomica, Mary 

iisliinaii, 6; 

,¥l. Stevens, x ; KingsvtUe, Mrs. T. Dib- 

; Sheffiekl,cb., 10; 

r Kev. Thoa. Allen, Dist. Sec'y, a friend, 

la Asao., JeflfersoD, ch., 

d Asao., Akron, ch. (ofwh. xs is fr. S. S), 

SaxdoB, ch., xs; Columbia, S. S., 7.90; 

land, Taberaade, S. S , 8 ; 

Asso.,Ccx»treville,ch., (ofwh. y isfr.S. S.,) 

New Vienna, ch. (<m wh. 4 is fr. S. S.,) 

AasOr, Bionaoot ch.,; N. Fairfield, 


Aaso., N. Awhetu, ch., (ofwh. is fr. 

90 00 






89 70 

33 a5 
35 00 
93 s« 

6 35 




so 93 
XX 3S 

3 00 






903 95 
99 CO 

X87 75 

649 34 
30 50 
90 00 

93 95 
90 06 

xa7 00 

50 00 

xs© 37 

xs 00 
9 80 

7 " 

74 90 

44 95 
6 93 

Mad. River Asso., CSordon, ch., 8; Union, ch., 8. S., 

Miami Union Asso., Springfield, Trinity ch., 
Miami Asso., Lockland, ch., 43.95: Cincinnati, 

9th-flt. ch.. Rev. J. Emery, 9 ; 
Ohio Asso., Ohio, ch., S. S., 
Scioto Asso , Licking, ch , S. S., 
Trumbull Asso.. Warren, ch., 
Wooster Asso., New Phila., ch., x; Wooster, ch., 


INDIANA, $950.00. 

Manchester, ch., xo; Silas and Martha Wicks, ao; 

Galveston, ch , 

Coll. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'y Currys 
Prairie Asso., Terre Haute, S. M Stimson, 

Orleans Asso., (of wh. xoo is for sup. of Rev. Requa, 
of Toungoo), Spice Valley, ch , 5: G. T. Burton, 
9; Mitchell, ch., (of wh. 5 43 is fr. S. S.,) 30.43; 
Beaver Creek, ch., s.xo; Liberty, ch., 7.30; .Livo- 

* nia, ch , (ofwh. x.3ois fr. S. S.,) 9X.30; Lost 
River, ch., xx.4s; Millersburg, ch., 9.50; Mt. 
Horeb, ch., 6.3^; Mt. Pleasant, ch., 3.95; Or- 
leans, ch., xs ; Freedom, ch., 5, 

Edinburg, John W. Dame, 

Salamonia Kiver Asso., Liberty, ch.. 

Northern Ind. Asso., Goshen, Miss Emma R. 

Indianapolis Asso., Indianapolis, North ch., 

ILLINOIS, $xo97.9o. 

Galesburg, Swedish S. S„ per Rev. Wm. Ashmore, 

Brighton, Mrs. A. S. Hillard, 5; a sister, 1; 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y Blooming- 
ton Asso., Bloomington. ch., xsx.50; Cazenovia, 
ch., 14*35; Hudson, en., 97,53; Lathem, ch., 
Miss H. Robinson, x; Mmouck, ch., 37-75: 
Minonck, German ch., x8; 

Chicago Asso., Chicago. Swede ch. S. S. class, No x, 
X.30: Dundee.D. CTAdams, 5; G. Hall, 9; New- 
port, ch., ^; St. Charles, ( ofwh. 5 each is from 
Mrs. Beecner, Goodman & Hunt, and Bro. Bush- 
nell and wife, for sup. Rev. R. £. Neighbor), 
98. 19: Wheaton, Mrs. C. H.N. T. Garlick, 5; 
Woodstock, S. S., mon. con. coll. tow. sup. F^- 
riah, care Rev. J. E. Clough, 10.40; 

Dixon Asso., Dixon, ch.. 

Fox River Asso., Bristol, ch., (of wh. 1 is fr. S. S.,} 
x8; Chicaso, xst ch., Mrs. Kuth Searrett, per 
Mrs. J. W. Barker for 0)whatti Miss.^ xs; 4th 
ch., Kev. N. Briggs, 50; Pattison Miss. Soc'y 
'Theol. Sem., to be expended under direction of 
Rev. R. .R. Williams, 50; Highland Park, ch.. x ; 
Hinkley, H. Maltbie, 3; Kaneville, D. Hanchett 
(ofwh. 84 is for nat. per care Rev. J. R . (Joddard, 
Ningpo),x95: Mokena,ch , xo; Sandwich, ch. (of 
wh. 19.50 is fr. S. S. tow. sup. helper, care Rev. 
T. E. Clough), 3050; 

Guman Asso., Chebausee, J. J. Tyler, 

Ottawa Asso,. Berean, ch.^ *7-85; Princeton, ch., 
8; Tonica,ch. (of wh. 95 is fr. Dea. S. Robinson), 

Peona Asso., Canton^ ch., 99.55 ; Ontario, Rev. C. 
C. Moore, 90; Peona, German ch., (ofwh. 6.77 is 
fr. S.S.,) 16.50; 

Rock River Asso., Rockford, State-st. ch., 

Salem Asso., Hillsboro', ch., 8.10; Plymouth, ch., 
8.00; Raritan, ch , C 50; 

Rock Island Asso., Annawani ch., X4.43; Moline, 
ch., 9i.v>; Rock Island, ch., 7.45 ; 

0)11. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'v Edwards- 
ville Asso., Bunker Hill, ch., xo:6o; Woodbum, 
ch., x9.8o; 

Springfield Asso., Taylorville. A. R. Peck, x; C 
E. Barnes, 5 ; C. Overand* 9 ; Hon. W. A. Frink, x ; 

(^incy Asso., Quincy, Vennont-st. ch., Mrs. E. 
Gove, 100; Payson, a. S., for sup. Sardaka, care 
Dr. Bronson, 35; 

IOWA, $X93 99. 

New London, Rev. J. H. Denton, : Mrs. Den- 
ton, x; Mrs. Wilson, 9: coll. 9.99; Keokuk, Miss. 
Sch., 9; per Rev William Ashmore; 

C>>11. per Rev. C. F Tolman, Dist Sec'y Burling- 
ton Asso., Danville, Dea. (Jady, so; Rev. R. 
King and wife, Xo; ^axnes Chandler and S. Rit- 
ner, 9 each; an OTpnan. .lo; tilt. '^easanx, ^m 
tow. sup. Mrs. Loughnagt (,ol ^Vv. .^ V& Itom 

XI so 
16 96 

45 «5 

5 00 
3 00 

30 00 
98 63 

30 00 
X5 00 

9$ 00 


95 00 
X 75 

90 00 ' 
X9 39 

9 00 
6 00 

950 X3 

35 50 

I 00 

35 45 

X04 70 





93 40 



X3S 00 

xs 99 




Bell Coleman's S. S. class for Ongde Nor. ach., 
15.9a; adch., a; 
Cedar Valley Asso., Cedar Falls, ch., 6 ; Osage, ch., 

Central Asso., Sherman, ch^ 
Davenport Asso., Centre roint, W. C. Ring, a; 
Clarence, Mrs. S. S. Camp, a; Monmouth, ch., 

Eden Asso., Highland ch., 

Keokuk Asso., coll. at Keokuk, 

Linn Asso., Castle Grove, J. Starr, 3; Victor, Rev. 

A. H. Post, 5 ; 
Council Bluflf Asso., Harland, ch. (of wh. $ is fr. 

Miss N. L. Allen), 
Sioux Valley Asso., Sioux Cit^t ch.. 
Turkey River Asso., West Union, en., 
Upper Des Moines Asso., Ames, ch., 
Washington Asso., Ainsworth, ch., 

• MICHIGAN, $i03.6a. 

Litchfield, ch., 15: Fentonville, M. P. Hudson, 9; 

Edwardsburg, ch , 

ColL per Rev. S. M. Sttmson, Dist. SecV, St. Jo- 
seph River Asso., Benton Harbor, ch., 0>f wh. la 
isfr. S.S.,) 

Grand River Asso., Portland, ch., 

St. Josephs Valley Asso., Sturgis, ch., 13.10; Men- 
don, CI)., .50; 

Wayne Asso.^ Parshallville, ch., a. 50; HoUy, Rev. 
J. H. Morrison for Ramapatam Mission, a; 

Washtinau Asso., Mooreville, ch., a.oc; Ypsilanti, 
H.M.Clark, a: 

MINNESOTA, $137.85. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman. Dist. Sec'y Crow 

Wing Asso., Delano, Swede Brethren, 
Minn. Asso., St. Paul Ch., 

Minn. Valley Asso., St. James, Rev. R. A. Clapp, 
Northern Asso., Elk River^ Georee Keasin^, 
Southern Asso., Minn. City (oiwh. 3.50 u from 

Stewart Mite Soc'^,) <; Rochester, ch., X7.a^; 
* Winona, A. C. Dixon s S. S. class for stu. in 

Nowgong Nor. sch., 15; 
Zumbro Asso., Byron, ch., 33.60; Wasicja^ ch. (of 

wh. a5 is fr. Mrs. A. E. Briggs for stu. in Nor. 

Sch., Assam), a8.8o; 

WISCONSIN, $168.90. 

Rocky Run, fr. friends, of wh. x is for the debt, 

Coll per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y Dane 
Asso , Lake Mills, ch (Rev.'J. C. Webb and wife 
of Keysville^ Va., for Garo Mission) , 15 ; Lodi, ch., 
23.75; Madison, ch., 16.65; 

Dodge Asso., New Lisbon, ch., 

Janesville Asso. Alton, ch., ia.35; Clinton, ch., X8.X5; 

La Crosse Asso., Ontario, ch., as ; Trempealeau, »$ ; 

Walworth Asso , Whitewater, ch., 

Winnebago Asso., Fort Howard, ch., 

MISSOURI. $xo.oo. 

Coll. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'y Spring- 
fielo. Rev. Lee Callison, 

KANSAS, $a.oo. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y North 
Topeka, Rev. J. Barrett, 

NEBRASKA, $xx.So. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tobnan, Dist. Sec'y Omaha 
mon. con., 


Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y Olympia 
ch., . 

COLORADO, $5.00. 

Canon City, Rev. H. Ltnsley, 

CALIFORNIA, $10.00. 

Comptonville, a friends, 
Vacanville, T. M. Stewart, 

ORECK)N, $7.35. 
McMinnville, S. S., 

MARYLAND, $10.00. 

Baltimore, a friend, per Rev. J. V. Ambler, 

W. VIRGINIA, $13.00. 

Coll. per Thos. Allen. Dist. Sec'y Pl^kcrsbuiv 
Assoy Stillwell, ch., tor sup. Nga Sah nat*, per 
catre iJr. Crom, 

5a ao 

40 43 
a 50 

XX 90 

5 45 

a 75 

8 00 

X5 00 

ao 65 

8 00 


8 30 

34 00 
a 40 

4a 00 
X3 07 

13 60 

4 50 

4 05 

a 80 

39 40 
X 00 

37 95 

5« 40 

3 00 

55 40 

4 00 
30 50 
50 00 
xo 00 
16 00 

xo 00 

a 00 

XX 50 

ao 00 


7 «5 

xo 00 

7 00 

Greenbrier Asso., Huitoo, Jas. Grimmett, 


Goochland, C. H., Mrs. E. C. Stevens, per Rev. 
W. S. McKenzie, 


Shediac, John Calder, per Rev. W. S. McKexurie, 

ASSAM, $33338. 

Nowgong local colls, per acct. Mrs. Neighbor, Rs. 
16^ and exch. 8.37; Nowgong local colls, per 
acct. Rev. R. E. Neighbor, Rs. x8o, and exch. 

Sibsagor sundry colls, per ac. Mrs. S. R. Ward, Col. 

Keating, Rs. X50; Mrs. Bruce, Rs. ao, or Rs. 

X70 and exch ; 
Gowalpara local colU. fr. Garo Asso. per acct. Rev. 

M. C. Mason, Rs. 91.0-6 and exch., 

BURMAH, $1,479.39. 

Rangoon coll. per ac. Mrs. M. B. Ingalls, fr. friends 
in Eng., Rs. 46a ; fr. friends in Calcutta, Rs. aoo; 
a friend, Rs. Xco, or Rs. 76a, and exch. 

Coll. fr. Karens, per ac. Rev. D. L. 
Bratyton, Sept. 30, Rs. ao8, exch. $xo6 36 

Mrs. C Bcmnett, Ks. xo8 ; other sources, 
Rs. XXX, or Rs. axo, and exch. per 
acct. Miss A. R. (^e, X87C-6, 11 1 98 

Toungoo, local colU. per ac. Miss E. 
Lawrence, 187S-6, Rs. io-4i fr* Eng. 
friends, Rs. 060; fc Miss H. M. 
Eastman, Rs. 369-5-6; fr. Miss E. 
Lawrence, Rs. to; Rev. M. Jame- 
son, Rs. to; fr. Karens, Rs. 156, orJls. 
1 1 34-9-6, and exch. 575 07 

Shway^een, J. Thomas, (oC.wh. Rs. 
So IS tor sup. Po Dee nat tr.,) Rs. 

70; J. Hammond, Rs. 15; S. Moss, 
Rs. I3j^ N. Harris, Rs. 13,4; K. W. 

iry subs., Rs. 30; 

or Rs 376 excn.. 

Hale, Rs. 7-3 ; sundry subs., Rs. 

fr. Karens, Its. 1 v>, or Rs 376 ex< 

per acct. Kev. H. W. Hale, 1875-6, 141 36 

Maulmain, Capt. Grover, Rs. 30; fr. 
England, Rs. 51-8; Miss Walling, 
Ks. 5; Miss Bergen, II 6-S-9; Ham- 
ilton, Rs.'i 10, or Rs. 310-13-9, and 
exch. per acct. Hiss S. E. Haswell; 154 87 

SWEDEN, $378-99- 
Stockholm, fr. Bap. chs. in 

Sweden, $303.17 

From the fund of A. 

Kamlin, 96.67 

Fr. the Miss. Union 

Sundswall, 130 

Gold, 1349.84 
Per account P. Palinquis^ 


,East Jeffrey, N. H., Dea. John 

Sanderson per Wm. Goodnow, 

Ex , 
Gardner, Mass., Susanna Stone per 

L. H Bradford. TrusUgt 
Lynn, Mass., John T. Bacheller 

per Geo. K. Pevear, Ex.^ 
Princeton, Mass , Hannah W. 

Damon per Asa H. Goddard, 

Arlington, Mass., Hannah C. 

Locke per Geo S. Hill, Ex , 
Providence, R. I., Mary A. Wyatt 

B. Champlin, Ex.^ per H. M. Bixley, 
UUca, N. Y., Eliubeth Howell 

perW. H. Scranton & D. G. 

Corey, Crs., 
Springvtlle, N. Y., Chauncy Pond 

per Thos. Pierce. Ex., 
ockford, 111^ Jacoo Knapp per 
Rev.C. F. Tolman, 


350 00 


97 o» 

1,441 00 

X16 06 

50 00 

598 34 

3«S 00 

aooo 00 


Donations and legacies from April i, 1875, to 
Fd>. 1, 1877, 

Donations and legacies from April i, 1876, to 
March 1, 1877, 






Vol. LVII.-^MAY, 1877.— No. 5. 


The missionary periodicals, and indeed many of the standard religious journals 
of the country, are more and more lamenting the fact that so small a proportion of 
the members of christian churches take part, or manifest any interest, in the work of 
evangelizing heathen nations. This evil is not a new development. It has always 
been thus. The number of church members who contribute nothing whatever, never 
give a penny, nor offer a single prayer, for the cause of Foreign Missions, is, and ever 
has been, very large. 

It is amazing and mournful that thousands of professing Christians give nothing 
in all their lifetime for the conversion of the world ! Christians^ and yet wholly 
indifferent and apathetic in relation to a work of the greatest magnitude ! 
Ckrisiians, and yet utterly neglecting a duty of the highest importance ! Christians, 
aid yet never once, in all the years of a religious profession, devoting a single seri- 
ous thought to that which stands so distinctly foremost among the obligations of a 
diristian discipleship ! 

But more strange and mournful is the fact that entire churches, with their pas- 
iWB, ignore the work of missions to the heathen. Before us, as we write, are the 
Annual Reports of six State Conventions, presenting the number of churches, and 
giving the numerical strength of those churches, making out a membership of over 
(^e hundred thousand souls. As we run the eye over the lists printed in these Min- 
utes, we can pick out scores and hundreds of churches that, year after year, give not 
a single dollar, not one. cent, to the cause of Foreign Missions. They make no re-^ 
sponse, and pay not the slightest heed to the Great Command of the Lord Jesus 
Christ The monthly missionary concert of prayer is a service that has long since 
been abandoned by those churches, or was never observed by them. Nothing could 
kemore completely ignored by them than the words of Christ, inculcating the duty 
of spreading the gospel throughout the world. And among the churches reported 
in those Convention Minutes we find some with a membership oi five and six hun- 
^ftd souls, and that membership annually increasing, whose yearly contributions to 
dieworic of Foreign Missions do not average ten cents per member! Probably the 
ttttll amount that is annually contributed by those churches to ^tvd X.Vv^ ^o^^^ 


Enough to do at Home, 

abroad, comes from a few of the wealthier members, leaving the great bul 
membership non-contributors. "Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the s 

But the evil in question is beginning to excite attention and to be lament 
than formerly. Almost daily one meets in religious periodicals with vigor 
tests against the neglect of Christians and churches to do their part towards 
versal diffusion of the gospel, and by such neglect, retarding and putting in j 
the cause of missions. Ministers and laymen, the editors of widely-circula 
influential religious journals, speakers at missionary meetings, the managers 
sionar^ societies, with one voice, and with earnest words, are expressing surp 
lamentation over the strange and melancholy fact, that the great proportion 
fessed Christians have not yet been brought into intelligent sympathy and \ 
co-operation with the Great Commission. More and more is it coming to b< 
stood that the work assigned the Lord's people in His last great command, hoi 
one of his disciples under an obligation to do something to promote that work, 
is an evident and widespread awakening on the subject of missions to heathe 
from which awakening larger and more reliable results, in the shape of pe 
contributions, may be confidently anticipated. 


BY C. H. W. 

There are two sides to every question, and 
the subject of Foreign Missions is no exception 
to the general rule. There are those who be- 
lieve in missions with whole-hearted earnest- 
ness ; there are those hostile to them ; and still 
a larger class, if we may judge by appearances, 
including even professing Christians, who are 
nearly or quite indifferent on the subject. 

Foreign Missions, these latter say, — virtually, 
if not in so many words, — would be all well 
enough, despite the discouragements attending 
them, if there was not already more than enough 
for christian people to do at home. But as long 
as there is so much at our doors, calling for all 
that we can do or give, surely the Lord does 
not require more at our hands. In a word, 
when our duty is done towards the needy and 
suflfering around us, when the ignorant in our 
own land are all instructed, the spiritually dark 
enlightened, and our own people wholly chris- 
tianized, then there will be time enough to think 
of, and do for, those in far-off lands. And 
thus, these half-indifferent Christians live on, 
unmindful of the Redeemer's last command ; giv- 
ing perhaps something occasionally merely from 
custom, but missing the supreme blessedness 

that comes from a full and hearty symp: 
the work. 

Then again, let there be a little ext 
made to awaken enthusiasm in the cans 
sions, and to raise funds to help in evai 
the world, and there are a plenty of wi 
tors ready to point out cases of home i 
destitution close at hand, of ignoranc 
christian cities, and to tell us signifu:a 
if we wish to convert the heathen, why, 
at our very doors ! The secular press, 
cases, is ready to taunt Christians b 
them that ** charity begins at home,'* 
talk about wasting money in the frui 
tempt to christianize the millions of p 
pagan darkness. Better use our mon< 
it can have a chance to do some good, 
this wild-goose chase over the world, 
so persistently has this aspect of the c: 
presented, that the sentiment cannot I 
taken root in many a receptive mind, a 
few sincere Christians may have been in 
by such plausible sneers. 

But to come to the root of the matte 
is this zealous advocacy of the charil 
begins at home — and ends there ~ 


Enough to do at Home, 


narrow and supremely-selfish policy under 
un? For are those who are hostile to, or 
"erent towards Foreign Missions, as a gen- 
hing, more awake to christian and benevo- 
ludes at home than such as believe in a 
I rendering of, and obedience to, the Re- 
er's last precious words to his people? 
those words, ** Go ye into all the world," 
nly did not mean ** confine your efforts to 
3wn city, or your own country," and let 
•eat outside world take care of itself. No, 
mt not this : and though there is, and ever 
e, enough to do at home. His commands 
J imperative as though every one of our 
:x)untrymen were in comfortable worldly 
nstances, and all were true believers in 

us for a moment suppose that the early 
tians had adopted this narrow, selfish 
policy, when would ever have spread the 
si in the world? Were there not still un- 
ing Jews in Jerusalem when the disciples 
forth to teach the despised Gentiles of the 
ur who had come with glad tidings to 
also, as well as to the proud Jews ? Had 
e people in the various towns and cities 
; Paul had labored been brought to Christ, 
he heard the imperative call ** Come over 
Vlacedoaia and help us''? If not, how 
he be so unwise as to listen to even the 
! call, and thus leave his work in Troas to 
to another country ? Were there not hea- 
enough there for him to teach ? 
en in other cases, why should Paul and 
hworkers for Christ be so earnest in going 
}lace to place, spreading the good news of 
ion to all the countries round about,when 
was evidently more than enough for each 
ivcry one of them to do at home? We 
remember that there was only a little band 
lievers at the best ; they were poor, and 
sacrifice much in going from one city to 
ter, and was there not ignorance and unbe- 
t their very doors ? Yes ; but they were 
woridly wise as to obey, and in addition 
eir home labors, to go unto other nations 
all of which is told us in the Acts of the 
itles, — the earliest missionary journal on 

U to brii^ this question nearer to our own 
s. Suppose dat the Eastern churches. 

after the apostles' time, had confined their la- 
bors to their own part of the globe, where now 
would be christian Briton, and our own chris- 
tian land, and where the religion of Christ as 
an aggressive power on earth? It has been 
said that St. Paul himself extended his mission 
labors into Briton ; this, however, is doubtfiil ; 
but be that as it may, we know that not very 
long after the birth of Christianity, its seeds 
were planted in that then barbarous soil, and 
though the growth was at first slow, from that 
little seed has come wonderful things to us. 
To christian England, and to our own country, 
the world is looking to be taught of the Sa- 
viour, who has been lost sight of in the dark- 
ness of heathenism in regions beyond. 

Shall we forget the trust, or shall we excuse 
ourselves by saying that we have enough to do 
at home? Or more, shall we of little faith say 
that it is useless labor to attempt to christian- 
ize such masses of pagans ? 

I wonder if those cultivated Elastern people 
of old thought it folly to go to such barbarians 
as the, then, rude and warlike Britons, and 
if they were not often discouraged in the at- 
tempt of so doing? The condition of woman 
in England at that time, as in all unchristian- 
ized nations, was rude and imcultivated in the 
extreme; look now, and see what the Gospel 
has done for her and for her children, and may 
do for all who speak the English tongue in 
any clime or country, where the word of God 
has access. 

The religion of Christ, if it be worth aught 
to its possessors, must become an aggressive 
power in the world. It cannot confine its knowl- 
edge, its sympathies, or its labors to a narrow 
belt of God's earth. It must spread the story 
of the Cros^ till it shall have become of effect, 
not only to Jews and to Greeks, to America and 
to England, but to the whole habitable globe. 
The seed must be planted ; the leaven infused, 
and the result left with the God of all nations. 
Where once was light there is now darkness. 
To those in the light it belongs to bear back the 
beacon that once shone for us, in our over- 
whelming darkness. The trust has been given 
us by One who knows all about the home work ; 
and who knows also the need of His people 
being drawn out oC tViemscAvt^ Xo mox^ \ax^- 
ness of faith, and to nobXer >NotV&. 


Pastors and Missions. 

By Rev. V. A. Sage, Cuba, N. Y. 

Upon pastors devolve special responsibilities 
with reference to the cause of missions. 

It is their duty, first of all, to see to it that 
the people of their charge are instructed upon 
the general subject of missions. This instruc- 
tion will, of necessity, take a wide range ; for 
the subject is many-sided and comprehensive. 
There is, to begin with, the Scriptural view of 
the whole matter. The Bible has much to say 
about the heathen and their evangelization. It 
teaches us that the heathen are lost ; that they 
** have no hope and are without God in the 
world;" that in consequence of their general 
sinfulness, their idolatries, their ignorance of 
Christ, they are exposed to the just wrath of an 
offended God. It furthermore teaches that the 
heathen are embraced in God's plan of salya- 
tion ; God intended that they should share in 
the benefits of Christ's death. And we are as- 
sured that the gospel of Christ is sufficient to 
meet all the demands that heathendom may 
make upon it. It is the ** power of God unto 
salvation to every one who believes." More- 
over the Bible declares that it is the special, 
constant duty of all who believe the gospel to 
extend the knowledge of it to others. Christ's 
last command was to **go into all the world and 
preach the gospel to every creature." The Bible 
emphasizes the thought that the Christian is 
*• debtor both to the Greeks and to the barba- 
rians, both to the wise and to the unwise." 
And the Bible illustrates these several thoughts 
by many instructive historical examples. 

It is the duty of the pastor to make his peo- 
ple fully acquainted with all this, so that they 
may know the position of Scripture concerning 
the heathen and their rescue. 

In addition to this, there is the history of 
missions, especially of modern missions. It is 
a wonderful history. How God has interested 
his people in the wofk, how He has prepared 
the way for the work, how He has tried the 
fidth of His people, and answered their prayers, 
and made missionary labors successful, is all a 
most interesting and instructive story. Mod- 
em missions are a monument to God's faithful- 
ness and lo^'e and power to save. The history 
of the Teloogoos, of the Karens, of the Sand- 

wich Islands mission, reads like a tale 

It is the pastor's duty to have his j)C( 
structed in this history. It is a continu 
the Acts of the Apostles, but by uni 

So, too, the sp>ecial needs and exiger 
the work, the peculiarities of individua 
that call for special prayer or contribut 
the local and passing events of mission 1 
are most suitable subjects for comment i 
struction by those who have the care 

The pastor can provide instruction 
people in these things in many difFeren 
They are suitable themes for public pulp 
istrations. Historical discourses ough 
more plentiful than they are. Missions 
afford abundant material for such disc 
From mission history and biography mi 
gathered the choicest and most telling i 
tions of God's grace and power. And 
ture-room talks, before the monthly cob 
prayer, and in various ways the pastor ca 
the subject of missions prominently bef 

Again, it is the pastor's duty, either ; 
ally or through others, to effect the circ 
of missionary reading as extensively as p 
among the people of his charge. The 
siONARY Magazine" ought to be widely 
every church. Should even eight or tei 
lies in a church take and read the "MAGi 
their consequent talking about and pray 
missions would be a source of much inst 
to the rest. And thus missionary infor 
would be extended. 

Now the result of this instruction wc 
an intelligent, deep-seated, permanent, 
interest in missions. The reason wl 
masses of Christians are not more inter? 
this subject is because they know so litth 
it. They have nothing upon which i 
can feed. They do not know even the 
of the prominent missionaries now in th( 
they know nothing about the harvests 
garnered in. How can they be inte; 
Upon pastors largely rests the blame of s 


Pastors and Missions. 


And if it is to be changed, if churches are to 
know of God^s ways and grace among the hea- 
then, it will be done, must be done, through the 
instnunentality of pastors. When missions 
are a ^miliar theme to pastors, they will be 
SQch to the people ; and we may reasonably 
suppose, not until then. 

Again, it is the duty of pastors to see to it 
that their people pray for God's blessing upon 

Praying for missions is the natural and nec- 
essary result of an intelligent and deep-seated 
bterest in them. If pastors give suitable in- 
stniction concerning the heathen and their sal- 
vation, the people will, of themselves, begin 
to pray that the nations be speedily evangelized. 
But it is the duty of pastors, not alone in this 
way, but in a more positive, special, direct 
oaoner, to encourage their people to pray for 
missions. In view of the greatness of the 
voric and its pressing importance, missionary 
prayer meetings ought to be established and 
maintained in every church. The natural leader 
in this movement is the pastor. Upon him, in 
the majority of cases, rests the sole responsi- 
bility for the existence and success of these 

The monthly concert of prayer for missions 
has come to be a recognized method of church 
activity in this direction. This, if any, is the 
miwionary prayer meeting of the church. But 
is it too much to say that in the majority of 
oor churches this meeting is more honored in 
the breach than in the observance? It is a sad 
£Kt that this monthly missionary concert is 
very widely neglected. And when observed, it 
is frequently the case that few attend it, and 
batKttle interest is manifested in it. It is apt 
to be the dullest meeting of all. 

The pastor can, by God^s blessing, change 
aU this. If he come to the meetings with his 
nind crammed with £acts, and his heart over- 
flowing with zeal and prayerfulness, his people 
viU catch the sacred fire. The meetings will 
hekq>t up and largely attended, and will be 
the most interesting and profitable meetings of 

^ the prayerfiilness of pastor and people 
ior Bussions ought not to be confined to the 
OiOBlhly oonoert. All the prayer meetings 

ought to be tinged with a missionary interest. 
We are told to **pray the Lord of the harvest 
to send more laborers into the harvest." We 
are also taught to say **Thy kingdom come." 
Is it not designed that these petitions should 
form, in one way or another, a part of all our 
praying? Why should ** Thy kingdom come " 
be one of the first petitions in the Lord's 
Prayer? Is it not expected by our Master that 
the work of the Great Commission should be 
first in our hearts and always in our prayers ? 

Let pastors then illustrate and emphasize the 
duty of earnest, constant, prevailing prayer for 
the universal spread of the Gospel. The peo- 
ple will follow their leaders in this matter. If 
pastors are faithftil and prayerful, churches will 
be the same. 

Again, it is the pastor's duty to see to it that 
his people give in support of the work of mis- 

•* How shall they hear without a preacher, 
and how shall they preach except they be sent ?" 
The work of missions is carried on by means 
of money. If the Lord's people do not give it, 
nobody will. And the natural, and in the 
broad sense, the most efficient instrumentality 
by which this money may be obtained is the 
pastor. He is acquainted with his people, and 
they with him. What interests him will inter- 
est them. What he gives for they will be glad 
to give for. His judgment and advice with re- 
gard to the directions in which benevolent 
means should be expended, will generally be 
taken without question. And the churches ex- 
pect their pastors to be their leaders in benevo- 
lent giving. 

But pastors too frequently neglect this mani- 
fest duty. Many do not like to preach upon 
the Christian's obligation to give for the spread 
of the gospel. It is a theme that they avoid. 
Some are fearful of offending their people if 
they preach upon such subjects. They are ap- 
prehensive that the pastoral relation may be 
endangered by such a course. Others, again, 
in presenting to their churches objects for their 
benevolence, leave out missions in their absorb- 
ing desire to promote home interests, and build 
up waste places immediately about them. There 
are churches not a few to whom the demands 
of the Foreign Missionary y^otV. ^x^ wtNtx ^xte- 


Musings on the Railroad. 

sented, except it be occasionally by the repre- 
sentative of the Missionary Union. 

And so it comes to pass that funds are often 
lacking by which to promote needed missionary 
operations. Laborers cannot be sent to the 
field because there is no money to support 
them. Urgent calls to come over and help us, 
that are wafted to us from heathen shores, have 
to be unheeded for the same reason. And, 
worse than all, fields have to be abandoned 
upon which work has already been done, be- 
cause there is no money to pay for continued 
cultivation. It is sad that when God makes 
ready the fields, there should be no one to sow 
them; that when He matures the harvests, 
there should be no one to reap them. 

If now the pastors of all our churches should 
look to it, that at least once a year the subject 
of missions should be brought prominently be- 
fore their people, and the duty of giving should 
be affectionately and earnestly urged upon them, 
there would be abundant means to carry on the 
work of God among the heathen. Fields could 
be more fully and efficiently occupied, more la- 
borers could be sent forth, and the whole mis- 
sionary enterprise would take a decided step 
forward. The pastors, under God, could do 
this. Because they can do it, because no one 
else can do it as well, therefore it becomes 
their imperative duty to do it. 

To recapitulate : In view of the claims of 
the heathen world upon us, it is the duty of 
pastors to instruct their people regarding these 
claims, to incite them to prayer in behalf of 
the heathen, and to lead them to give in sup- 
port of the work of missions. If these three 
things are done by pastors, most of the per- 
plexing problems concerning Foreign Mission 
work will have been largely solved. 



Ask for a Definite Amount. — One-half 
difference in the amount of a Missionary collec- 
tion can be made by putting a definite sum 
to be raised before the congregation. After 

the Annual Meeting at Buffalo, last 
writer resolved upon attempting to r 
half dollar per member in every churcl 
not already up to that amount. Of cc 
has not in all cases been possible, b 
it has most fallen short, it has doi: 
amount contributed in previous years. 

In some churches there are many 
dent members, and others from whom 
can be expected. In such cases a li 
duction from the whole number has be 
In some cases the number has been 
third less than the churches have rej 
the Association, and then they have be 
for an amount equal to one half d 
member. The plan has invariably woi 
Notwithstanding the hard timesy Ce 
and all other embarrassments, the c( 
in the churches visited have been be 
for years before, and in many instan 
doubled the amount. 

From my own experience and obs 
both as pastor and as District Secret; 
confident that such a definite amount ^ p 
the churches by the pastors themselvt 
fully^ and liberally leading the wai 
double the amount of our Missionary 

Try it, brethren, try it ! 

Remember, not a **half dollar rol 
sum equal to one half dollar, or a 
the case may be, per member. Neai 
member can give the half dollar, some 
for twenty, some for ten, and so on 
ing to interest and ability. 

Be careful who you allow to act as c( 

Suffer no man, deacon or otherwise 
not interested, and is not, accordin 
ability, a liberal contributor ^ to spoil yc 
as he almost certainly will, if you alio 
chance by calling on him to take the c( 
I could recall instances where, after a 
ary sermon, such men have been calb 
as collectors, and I could have wished 
the good of the cause, they had been 
heaven instead. 

Brethren, try the definite amount p 
report the results. 


The Saintly Spirit the Missionary Spirit, 




'he first *• Noon-day Prayer Meeting," after 
Moody began his work in Boston, was held 
remont Temple, where are located the Bap- 
Missionary Rooms. So great was the crowd 
the spacious hall was soon filled, and the 
re, standing at the several entrances, denied 
ission to the building. 

1 old lady, quite vigorous for one of her 
s, pushed her way through the crowd, and 
to pass the policeman, 
^ou canH pass, madame ! '^ said the public 
iian, barring her entrance. *• The prayer- 
ing is full ; not another one can get in." 
Bless your soul, my good man ! " exclaimed 
old lady, smiling; "there's something 
: to be done in this world besides attending 
ded prayer-meetings. I have business in 
nission rooms." 

That's so, and it's a pity more folks didn't 
r it," replied the officer, as he suffered 

lere is a lesson in the incident, so obvious 
it may be overlooked. It quaintly suggests 
not to all is given the luxury of social 
r, and that some must find their spiritual 
hment in their work. The old lady's re- 
is apostolic in its spirit ; for not to prayer 
, but to *• prayer and to the ministry of 
^^ord," would "the twelve" give them- 
» "continually." 

s often said, "the prayer-meeting is the 
tometer of the church. It is ^ thermome- 
ut it is not the exclusive register of the 
jal temperature. That is also indicated, 
uite as accurately, by the sympathy which 
hurch expresses in the mission of her 
A church work-meeting may as clearly 
ss devotion as a church prayer-meeting. 
who placed their garments on the colt, 
on Jesus rode into Jerusalem, showed 
devotion as expressively as those who 
d Him with "Hosanna to the son of 
l.** When Elisha smote the Jordan with 
antic of Elijah, it was quite as much an 
•f fiuth as his petitionary challenge, 
ere is Jehovah, God of Israel, even He ? " 

There is a sense in which work is worship, 
and a deed an expression of faith. No church, 
whose brain and heart are in sympathy with 
her Lord, is satisfied with worshipping Him 
as the Son of God. So broad is her appre- 
hension of Him as the Messiah, so stimulat- 
ing her love to Him as the Saviour, that she 
gives herself for the accomplishment of the pur- 
pose to which He gave Himself. There is no ser- 
vice of sacred song, nor importunity of petition, 
which may adequately express her devotion; 
therefore, she joins unto these, as the emphatic 
utterance of her consecration, the eucharist of 
holy work. She memorializes God, as did the 
devout centurion, with prayers and deeds: For 
her to work thoroughly is to pray ardently. 

This is neither sentiment nor rhetoric, though 
it would be none the worse if it were either. 
It is the forcible expression of a truth, which, 
in these days, when Christians are tempted to 
the cultivation of a " pietism," whose highest 
life is that of contemplation and emotion, the 
churches should "mark, learn, and inwardly 

The lives of the great saints of the churches 
reveal no more lustrous trait of devotion than 
their sympathy with the Messianic mission of 
our Lord. Setting themselves apart, that is, 
consecrating themselves, to express this sym- 
pathy, their devotional utterance, while heard 
in praise and prayer, emphasized itself by pro- 
longed service in the mission of Christ. They 
were exhilarated with emotion, so that it mat- 
tered not to what labor and sacrifice they were 
called, nor to what station they were let down 
or lifted up, if therein they might advance the 
work of Christ ; for to them duty was joy, and 
law was love. Men called them saints, not so 
much on account of the holiness which sepa- 
rated them from their brethren, as for the con- 
secration which set them apart as the servants 
of the Lord's mission. 

Sympathizing most intensely with the whole 
mind of Christ, their vigils of devotion were 
often surprised by the dawn. It was not whol- 
ly for the luxury of comnumion. viv\}\ \k^ Lm^ 


The Saintly Spirit the Missionary Spirit, 


• that they thus prayed, though often their souls 
thirsted for this refreshment; but that they 
might thereby receive inspiration for their 
Master's work. While, like the six-winged 
seraphim, with twain they covered their face 
and with twain their feet, — worshipping in the 
adoration of humility, — with twain they did 
fly. Passing strange is it, that so much of the 
modern high culture of the seraphic spirit should 
ignore the zeal of seraphic work ! 

In reading the biographies of these brethren 
of the mission of Jesus — for this name seems 
the appropriate designation of holy men separ- 
ated by centuries and ecclesiastical sympathies, 
yet united by similarity of spirit and purpose — 
the pages seem to glow with the intensity of 
their sympathy with the spirit of the incarna- 
tion. So clearly did they apprehend the £&ct 
and the meaning of the great mystery of God 
manifSest in the flesh, so logical were their infer- 
ences from the dogma, that their holy ambition 
was to make the church in fact, what it was to 
them in theory, the body of Christ on earth. 
They failed in agreement as to the forms by 
which this do^a should be symbolized. Some 
of them, instead of going to Mount Zion, went 
to Mount Sinai, and sought for ecclesiastical 
symbols in the pattern of things showed to 
Moses on the Mount. They forgot that these 
.were but shadows, imperfect, therefore evanes- 
cent. But even in their ecclesiastical anachro- 
nisms, the fair-minded scholar sees that their 
intention was to symbolize both the £act of 
the incarnation and the truth, its logical result, 
that the church as the body of Christ perpe- 
tuates his incarnation on earth. Knowing that 
the glorified body of the Lord, wherein was 
neither flesh nor blood, abode in heaven, they 
beheld in that fact an earnest of the resurrec- 
tion. But in the eccUsJa, those called out by 
the heavenly voice, they believed that the Word 
was yet incarnate and dwelt among men. In 
this central truth all the saints of the churches, 
though differing in the distinctiveness of their 
pronunciation, have found their agreement. 
The church has been to them the body of 
Christ to carry on the mission of the Messiah. 
What the Lord did while dwelling in the flesh 
among men, the church should do. The love 
which included a world in its beneficence, 

should be the measure of its love. The mind 
which directed heralds to proclaim to every 
creature the good news of salvation, should be 
the mind of the church. As He preached the 
Gospel to the poor, went from place to place 
doing good, healed all oppressed of the devH, 
so it behooves the church to preach, to go 
about, and to heal. The mission of the Mes- 
siah, thus believed these holy seers, ought to 
have, in the work of the church, ** springing 
and germinant accomplishment.^ 

We wish to emphasize this £act, apparent to 
every intelligent student of chiirch history and 
religious biography, that the platform on which 
all the saints of the churches stand in agree- 
ment, and about the only platform on which 
they do harmonize, is Christ the Saviour of 
men, and the duty of each believer to proclaim, 
in some way, that fact to every creature. 

There was much of wood, hay and stubUe 
in the saintliest life; for the human element 
mingling with the divine, gave birth to these 
accidents of the man. But that which made 
him a saint, was, as in the case of Saint Paul, 
his obedience to the heavenly vision, whereby 
he laid hold of the purpose for which Christ 
laid hold of him. * That is the gold which no 
trial of fire may destroy. Every saint has heard 
the voice, albeit it spoke not to him in the 
Hebrew tongue, saying, *' I send thee.** He 
belongs, by the authority of that voice, to ** the 
sent,^^ to the brethren of the Lord's mission. 
He is a missionary, though the Holy Ghoat 
may not have separated him unto the work of 
preaching the Gospel, because the esprit dt 
corps ^ which stimulates ** the sent,'* ^"imatff 
him. He is a knight whose vows have been 
made before the altar which rests on Calvary. 
The spirit which nerves him is no influence of 
chivalry, but love to Christ and men. His 
life quest is, that he may find souls who will 
accept the Holy Grail, the cup of salvation. 
To this mission work he subordinates the ado- 
ration of praise and the supplication of prayer. 
Nay, he retires to the closet of his house, and 
opens the secret place of his heart, that he may 
be inspired to this knightly service. If he see^ 
in prolonged vigils the beatific vision, — "the 
King in His beauty '* and ** the land that is 

*Act«a6: 16-19. Phil. 3: ««. 


The Saintly Spirit the Missionary Spirit, 


feroff," the glory given to the Messiah, ♦ 
is for no luxury of emotion, but that he 
ipcak with the assurance of a prophet to 
in darkness, and show unto them the 
Rrhich comes by ^th in the incarnate 


3er into one library the lives of all the 
aints, from John, the evangelist, to that 
roman,^ lately deceased in New York, 
life may be found recorded in i Timothy, 
place along with these the biographies 
most zealous of missionaries, from Paul 
ast one who expired in a jungle hut ; and 
e collection may appropriately be written 
ithful epitome: The saintliest of men 
«n formed by the missionary spirit, and 
!st of missionaries have been developed 
spirit of holiness. 

timate is the connection between per- 
>Iiness and the missionary spirit, so free- 
ey act and re-act upon each other, as to 
that a secondary purpose of the Great 
ssion is to keep alive the Christian 
. and to develop christian character in 
rho obey its precept. The suggestion 

be confirmed by that petition in our 
prayer, offered when His "hour" had 
rherein He connects a request that the 

1 might be •• truly sanctified " with the 
t He had ''sent them into the world" to 
ite His mission. § Church history writes 
\ over this suggestion, and the cautious, 
y Max Muller repeats it when he says, 
our religion, its very soul is missionary, 
dvc, world-embracing ; it would cease 
if it ceased to be missionary — if it dis- 
1 the parting words of its Founder : *Go 
fore and teach all nations.* " Classify- 
six religions of the Aryan and Semitic 
ito non-mtssionary and missionar)' relig- 
I classification which ** rests on what is 
' heart-blood in every system of human 
- he enumerates Judaism, Brahmanism, 
oastrianism as opposed to all missionary 
se, and Buddhism, Mohammedanism, 
istianity as having a missionary charac- 
I their very beginning. ** Look, " he 

• I«. 33: 17. Jcrfm 17: 34. 
t • Cor. 4: 13. Acts a6: 19, 20. 
X Mn. Doreaiis. 
fjohn 17: x7-r9. 

adds, '*at the religions in which the missionary 

spirit has been at work, and compare them with 

those in which any attempt to convince others 

by argument, to save souls, to bear witness to 

the truth, is treated with pity or scorn. The 

former are alive, the latter are dying or dead." 

Look, we repeat, at the christian churches in 

which the parting words of their Lord have 

been obeyed, and compare them with those in 

which " the Great Commission" has found no 

response. The former are alive, the latter are 

dying or dead. Nay, let the look be fastened 

upon individual Christians, and compare those 

who sympathize with the missionary spirit of 

the Messiah with those who are so engrossed 

with their personal religious cultiu^, and the 

development of their own *'fiimily" church that 

they ignore the salvation of the heathen at home 

and abroad. The former are alive and grow in 

grace; the latter are dead, or in a comatose 

state, with scarcely life enough to croon their izr 

vorite refrain, 

" Tis a point I long to know, 
Do I love tbe Lord or no?" 

** It hurteth thee," says Thomas a Kempis — 
and the words are as true of churches as of per- 
sons, as applicable to the home culture which 
considereth not "every creature "as to the reli- 
gious selfishness which r^ardeth only personal 
salvation. — ** It hurteth thee most of all to 
prefer thyself even to one." 

The church which craves the personal abid- 
ing of her Lord, as well as the Christian who 
breathes the aspiration of Lyte's h>inn, 

'* In life or death, O Lord, abide with me ! " 

should not fail to mark the significant £u:t that 
the *• Lo, I am with you alway" is annexed to 
the command, •* Go ye therefore and teach all 

The collocation suggests, — for it is a climax 
wherein a command to continuous activity is fol- 
lowed by a promise of continuous strength and 
refreshment, — that no importunity of prayer, 
no ecstacy of devotion, no perilous flight into 
the third heaven of the " higher life," which is 
unaccompanied by sympathy with and obedi- 
ence to the parting words of our Lord, can se- 
cure the abiding which He has promised to 
those who *• go " in spirit, and •* teach " in 
effect, "all nations." W\\Yi x^iose onVj -^V'^i 


The Saintly Spirit the Missionary Spirit. 


are in sympathy with His mission, may there be 
the hope that their home shall be as the house 
at Bethany. The vision of the true cross, with 
its ** /« hoc signOy'' comes only to those who 
in spirit are marching, it may be with only 
scrip and staff, ** to ever)- creature." It was by 
sharing with, nay, by wholly giving to, a hungry 
man her handful of meal and her little oil, that 
guant famine was driven from the widow's 
doors, and her son lured back- from death to 
life. Her obedience and self-sacrifice made her 
house the abode of the '* man of God.^^ 

The union between the saintly spirit and the 
missionary spirit is not arbitrary, but natural. 
Thereby holiness expresses itself in love and 
deed ; therewith the saint becomes sacred, that 
is, set apart for the purpose of extending holi- 
ness. The saint — we use the word as Paul used 
it to express the nature and the tendency of the 
divine vocation — has life, therefore he grows. 
He has christian life, therefore he grows in the 
grace of which Christ is the bestower, and in the 
knowledge, apprehension, and s)'mpathy of which 
Christ is the object. Grace, the undeserved 
faiwot of the Lord, made him a saint, and 
through the knowledge of Christ he has eternal 
life. That grace, such is the comprehensive- 
ness of the Divine love, awaits the acceptance 
of every creature. Through that knowledge, 
so broad is the atonement of the Word made 
flesh, the world may have life eternal. To 
grow in grace is much more than the reception 
of a continual accession of spiritual graces, — 
the**grace for grace," 'Hhe fruit of the spirit," the 
seven cardinal virtues, of which John, Paul and 
Peter wrote. It is to grow in sympathy with the 
comprehensiveness of the Divine love, and in 
apprehension of the breadth of the Divine atone- 
ment ; and it is to use each accession of these 
spiritual graces for the expression of saintly 
sympathy and knowledge. He in whom these 
virtues are multiplied is neither idle nor unfruit- 
ful. He works for Christ according to the plan 
laid out by the Master. He bears fruit, not as 
the expression of culture, nor for the gratifica- 
tion of his taste, but that he may become a seed- 
bearer, from whom the Sower may take a hand- 
full of seed and scatter it broadcast. 

To grow in grace is to grow like Christ. To 
increase in the knowledge of Christ is to in- 

crease in the habit of imitating Him. I 
heavenly life our seeing Him as He is, i 
knowledge of Him, will cause us to be like 
but in the earthly life to increase in the 
tion of Him is to increase in the kndwlec 
Him. To imitate is to obey ; and amon 
precepts there is not one more sacred tha 
parting command, **Go, teach all nat 
The saintly spirit, therefore, in the ratio < 
clearness with which it reflects the ml 
Christ, is a missionary spirit. Theypla 
and react upon each other. Not more inti 
ly associated are the heart and the lungs, 
by their action and reaction sustain life, 
are the spirit of holiness and the spirit o 
sions. Not only do they sustain each othc 
the saintly virtues are developed by missi 
activity ; and, such is the law of spiritual 
rocation, missionary activity is stimulat< 
each accession of the graces of the spirit 
The law may be easily tested by any 
tian anxious to grow in grace. He re; 
the ** exceeding great and precious pror 
given that he may become a partaker < 
divine nature. He notes the injunction 
apostle Peter, associated therewith, **a 
your faith virtue ; and to virtue knowledge 
to knowledge temperance [self-restraint] 
to temperance patience ; and to patience 
ness ; and to godliness brotherly kindness 
to brotherly kindness charity." If he woi 
a ** partaker," and add grace to grace, le 
become a missionary, one sent from God, 
unconverted person. He will find that 
and again he must go out in laborious see 
that with patient forbearance he must e 
contradiction ; that in humility he must 1 
that with discernment he must preach the 
that he must wrestle with temptation tl 
may be able to sympathize with the tem 
that with open hand he must bestow the c 
of love, nay, that his love must be like C 
in all long-suffering and gentleness ; th 
must condescend and entreat, be wise ; 
zeal and sympathetic in his wisdom ; and 
when he has exercised^ again and again 
and all of these graces, he must rest in 
and prayer upon the Lord for the success 
mission. He may or may not return, b* 
with him a sheaf, harvested by his own sic 

From Rangoon to Bhamo. 


the Lord to determine — but he will 
from that mission with an accession 
uch as he may acquire by no life of 
contemplation. It is the mission- 
beart must ** overflow with love, love 
>ve of truth, love of God ; and in 
ghest and truest sense of the word, 
»tian is, or ought to be, a mission- 

t saintly spirit and the missionary 
.gainst that religious dilettatiieism^ 
uble about *' sweetness and light,^^ 
>ver the great commission, and, while 
a self-culture, ignores the extension 
1 culture to the heathen. Such see 
ces of the spirit only a purpose to 
ed ladies and cultured gendemen. 
»wship with the prophets, apostles, 
s, is aesthetic rather than vital, and 
uch upon the musical quality of the 
n which these worthies are remem- 
i luxury of emotion, such as moistens 
the novel reader, is craved by many, 
le plaintive woes of the ignorant and 
ed vainly appeal. Such have great 
even in their highest emotional life, 
nding the missionary zeal and self- 
ection of Paul who '* could wish that 
i accursed from Christ for my breth- 
Lsmen, according to the flesh. ^^ But 
missionary apprehends this cry ot 
the souls of the unsaved. *' Action,^^ 
>thenes, *• is the secret of oratory ; '' 
)thegm, in all its breadth, should be 
those who delude themselves with 
that a life of religious contemplation 
:)n is the life unto which the Lord 

I no ** higher life" which does not 
lole burnt oflering of brain, heart. 

and body. The poor cobbler of Alexandria was 
holier, so the angel said, than Anthony, the 
hermit of the desert, who had lived for years 
in the daily practice of austerities, contempla- 
tion, and emotion. For the cobbler, so An- 
thony learnt, served God by making old shoes 
almost as good as new, and by bringing up his 
family in the nurture of the Lord. 

The purpose of this article will be grievous- 
ly affronted if it is understood as disparaging 
prayer-meedngs, or protesting against the indul- 
gence of religious emotion, or lightening the 
duty of personal religious culture. But it has 
failed to present its topic if it has not made 
clear that the idea of saindiness includes not 
only sanctity, the garb of the saint ; not merely 
holiness, which is opposed to what is profane ; 
but also the sacredness which indicates the set- 
ting apart for, and devotion to, the service of 
the Lord. The form of that service, a form in 
which all saints express themselves, is indicated 
by the command, " Go teach all nations." 

There is coming a day — the prophet Zacha- 
riah saw it and was glad — when all things and 
men shall be used in the service of the Lord, and 
be marked as His saints. The bells of the 
horses shall ring out His coming, and, therefore, 
shall be writte.: upon them even the words that 
blazed from the diadem of the high priest: 
** Holiness to the Lord." The sooty pots of the 
temple, in which the sacrificial flesh was boiled, 
shall become as sacred as the golden bowls that 
received the blood of atonement. Yea, every 
common pot throughout the land shall be as 
holy as the golden utensils of the temple, and 
as freely used in the service of the Lord. In 
that day there will be a general recognition of 
the truth that the spirit of saintliness is the spuit 
of the missionary. 



Mandblay, Dec. xs, 1876. 

[Rangoon Nov. 8th, and arrived here 

e afternoon of the 19th. Our voy- 

Irrawaddy was very enjoyable, es- 

er passing Prome, when the scenery 

becomes picturesque and beautiful. From the 
English frontier to the capital of the Golden 
Foot, the towns and villages on the river are 
very numerous, and would furnish a field which 
several missionaries might occupy to advantage. 
Nine years ago, when I came u^ t\\^ ItT^jw^sid^ 


From Rangoon to Bhame. 


from Rangoon for the first time, I very seldom 
saw in any of these towns, persons of any na- 
tionality except Burmans. Now the commer- 
cial opening of this great valley by the estab- 
lishment of semi-weekly steamers between Ran- 
goon and Mandelay, and monthly steamers be- 
tween Mandelay and Bhamo, has brought into 
all the large towns many Chinese and natives 
of India, as well as some Europeans, who are 
engaged in trade with Burmans. Missionaries 
ready for earnest work might settle along this 
river, and find a richer field spiritually, than 
the foreign merchant or adventurer does tem- 


I have with me two Shan preachers, a Bur- 
man preacher, supported by the Burmah Baptist 
Missionary Convention, and a Karen preacher, 
sent under the auspices of the Bassein churches 
to examine into the possibility of future work 
among the Ka Khyens. On board the steamer 
the preachers found abundant opportunity for 
preaching and tract distribution, the native pas- 
sengers, for the most part, changing two or 
three times before we arrived at Mandelay. Sev- 
eral cases of much interest appeared. One pas- 
senger to Da Noobyn professed a hearty belief 
in Christ, and a desire to be baptized. Several 
persons from a place in Mr. George^s field 
seemed drawn strongly towards Christianity. 


At Mingyan, a priest, once resident at Kem- 
endine, came on board and requested to have a 
conversation with me. We spent the whole 
evening together, and he conversed frankly, 
showing much knowledge of our books. Most 
of the next day, until our arrival at Mandelay, 
he spent in conversation with the preachers, al- 
though there was a large number of priests on 


On arriving, we learned the news that the 
Nan-ma-dau, or chief queen had died, and was 
still unburied. Business was at a stand-still ; 
for by court etiquette, no business could be 
transacted until the cremation or burial had 
taken place. Preparations were made for the 
cremation to take place Nov. 14th, but a power- 
ful rain came on and prevented it. His Majesty 
then abandoned the idea, of bvtming the body, 

and ordered a brick building of pagoda 
containing a vault for the reception of th 
remains, to be erected within the pala( 
dens. This was constructed with alm< 
credible rapidity, and was ready for the ei 
ment, which took place, privately, D< 
From the time of the Queen's death i n 
burial, the Kin-woon-min-gyee, who is tY 
ister in charge of foreign matters for the p 
was kept in the palace to superintend the 
al preparations, and was not allowed to 
to his house once. 


During all this time it was necessary 
to wait as patiently as possible. At last 
notified that the minister would be at \m 
between four and five P.M. that day. A 
ingly I paid him a visit, and was receive 
courteously. He received my petition, 
was not presented to the King until xh 
Yesterday, the nth, I was informed 
royal assent, and that the order will I 
from the court to-day, so that I can ta 
steamer for Bhamo day after to-morrow. 


The order in its contents wiU be sin 
that given Mr. Rose and the China Inlar 
sionaries last year, and grants permiss 
obtain land. It is the best that is poss 
secure now, and is good as far as it goes, 
it, by the exercise of patience, I shall I 
in time to overcome any hindrances b; 
officials, and secure a spot for a missioi 


Since our arrival here. Rev. Mr. Fail 
of the S. P. G. Mission has very corn- 
given us the privilege of occupying nx 
his house. The buildings erected by th< 
for the use of this Mission are very lar] 
convenient. Much of the carving, with 
they are ornamented profusely, is very 
somely executed. There is at present 
•sion school of fifty scholars drawn from 
ent parts of the city. 


Dec. 13 : — Last evening the order caw 
the court ; a long strip of narrow pal 
wound into a coil and sealed with a sea 

Missionary Correspondence. 


sign of the peacock. A copy accom- 
t, according to which I am permitted 
e land, purchase materials for a house, 
men to erect it. 


ling remains to be determined, namely, 
ability of occupying Bhamo as a Shan 
station. This question can be decided 
personal observation ; but I wish to say 

here, that recent information from trustworthy 
sources since my arrival here, points strongly 
to the desirability of such an occupation. Very 
strong testimony is also found in favor of it, in 
the report of an officer despatched into Upper 
Burmah by the English government, which 
states that many Shan towns and villages exist 
northwest of Bhamo, as well as east of it. I 
shall send the results of my observations after 
I arrive at Bhamo. 


jpission to tbe ISnnntst. 
Letter from Mr. Rose. 

RANGtX)N, Jan. 1 8, 1877. 

you, by this mail, the 1 7th Annual Report 

Langoon Missionary Society, in which you 

all I need say of the seven preachers sup- 

)ne in part, and six wholly) by that Society. 

e two others about whom I may add a few 

ou9tg Thah'done, stationed in the old city 
fifty-five miles from Rangoon. There is a 
riage-road all the way, and the city may also 
cd by boats on the Pegu River in twcnty- 
rs or less. Thah-done is supported by the 
I Bnnnese Church. I think him a good 
his field is large and important. Pegu is a 
i pleasant city, between Rangoon, Shway- 
d Toungoo, and a railroad to Toungoo is to 
>agh it. It is the centre of a large and 
>pulation, there being hundreds of villages 
iver above and below, and on the plain 
Pegu and the sea, and the Sittoung River. 
Pugo twice during the year, once on my 
nn Upper Burmah, in February, and again 
when I baptized four persons. This would 
d field for a mission family and five or more 

^oung Thah'dway, supported by the Mis- 
Jnion, and stationed at Nyoung-dong, a 
onmercial town at the junction of the 
doung River with the Irrawaddy. This is 
ily a hard place. For the last fifteen years 
» been much faithful preaching in this town, 
isands of tracts and portions of Scripture 
n given to the people ; but up to this date, 
lot one convert, or even hopeful inquirer. 
(LS. — The people are growing in intelli- 
Old education is becoming popul&r, and 

schools are supported by the people. This town is 
from sixty to eighty miles from Rangoon. Si^ 
weeks ago, Mrs. Bailey Mrs. Douglass, and six of 
the first-class school-girls, spent three days in 
Nyoung-dong. Mrs. Bailey seemed surprised and 
delighted to find so many schools for girls. They 
visited two exclusively for girls, and one for both 
girls and boys. This school is composed of forty 
girls and forty boys. It was started four years ago, 
and has been continued without any Government 
or foreign aid. Each pupil pays eight annas (25 
cents) per month, and they are all from the better 
class of people. Mrs. Bailey and Mrs. Douglass, at 
the teacher's request, examined the school. Tliey 
praised it highly ; the girls and boys were well up in 
reading and writing, and in arithmetic through the 
compound rules. The man who started this school, 
and has brought it to its present high position by 
his own energy (and has got his living from it all 
the while), was, a few years ago, a priest in Kemen- 
dine. I have seen nothing like this in Burmah 
which was purely the work of a native ; a school, 
the room clean and orderly, the pupils clean, well- 
behaved and well taught At the teacher's request 
we gave the pupils tracts and books, and preached 
to them Jesus. ^ 

A Visit to Ma-za-lee. — At this pleasant village, 
near mid-way from Rangoon to Nyoung-dong, we 
spent three nights. Here one young man has been 
recently baptized. His father, a prominent man in 
the place, professes to be a firm believer in Jesus 
Christ, and four or five others with him. Many of 
the village people attended our meetings, and lis- 
tened attentively ; and we saw no signs of opposi- 
tion. The reason given by the leading man for not 
offering himself for baptism is, that he and others 
had built a Kyoung, and got a priest from Maude- 
lay, whom they hkd promVsed \o ?a\^^ot\.. \l V^ 


Missionary Correspondence. 


and the four or five others were baptized, the priest 
would suffer ; but if they waited awhile, the priest 
might himself join them and become a Christian. 
The priest is a gentle, amiable man, delicate in 
health, and all the people love him. He received 
us cordially, and listened to us kindly. Mrs. Bailey 
and Mrs. Douglass were treated very politely by him. 
I hope for something good from this village, but 
may be disappointed. 

MouNG Thah-dway is an able preacher, but, left 
to himself, I fear the hardness and opposition of 
the people are too much for his energy, and that he 
does not give himself to the work of preaching as 
we want to see our preachers do. His wife has a 
little school, but it does not amount to much. She 
is a talented woman, but has a large family to care 
for, and cannot give much labor to the school. 

Baptisms. — In the region where Kyau-zau-oo 
labors, fifteen or twenty have been recently bap- 
tized, some Burmans, and some Pwo Karens. This 
is encouraging, after three years of hard labor. I 
spent a week in that neighborhood in November 
last, and was convinced that the young man is a most 
earnest and persistent preacher to both Burmans 
and Karens. 

Sickness and Death Prevalent. — I may men- 
tion, too, that I have recently been north twenty-five 
miles to Thai-byne, two men from that place having 
been accepted for baptism in March last. I expected 
to baptize them, but was sorry to find that one had 
died a month before, and the other was very ill of 
fever. It was a time of great sickness and affliction 
in the large village and country round. Not a 
house in the village, it was said, where there was not 
one or more sick ; and in many houses there was 
not one well person. There were deaths every day ; 
the distress was great. I saw many mere skeletons, 
not only of men, but of women, boys, and girls, 
reaping, or trying to reap, the paddy. Ko-Ai, a 
faithful Burman Christian in that region, is doing a 
Jood work by imparting knowledge, and showing 
kindness and sympathy. 

Letfer from Mr. George. 

Zeegonc, Dec. 15, 1876. 

Mr. Crawley's Death. — We are all grieved 
over Bro. Crawley's death. He was all you say of 
him, and more. The salvation of these poor Bur- 
mans was the object for which he lived, and worked, 
and prayed. His desire was so intense that he 
never felt he had done his duty by merely urging 
God to save them; he went to them in their homes 

and told them of Christ's love, and besought 1 
be reconciled to God. Why God should ta 
away now, is a great mystery to me. He 
and does not blunder; but it is hard for us, 
ignorance, to say, "Thy will be done ! " 

The Work Cheering. — The work is very 
ing; I have baptized two men since the 
October, and one more was received, but toe 
just before the time for baptism. 

Plan of Work. — I would like to work 
what differently, but my field is so large, ; 
inquirers so generally spread over it, that it is 
sible. I would like to visit every village • 
three months, to see after each promisin 
There being some three hundred towns an 
villages in Tharawaddi, I need not say ^ 
approved plan is not carried out. When I 
place, I like to remain there at least two ni 
order to "preach the gospel to every cr 
there. I find this plan works the best ; the 
is at all practicable, I revisit that place to lo< 
and help any who may have received the W 
travel a great deal, and the most that I d 
itineracy. . . . 

Prospect Bright. — I am shut up her« 
jungle home, and know but little of what i 
on in the great active world outside. In t 
trict there never was such a prospect of gre 
to the people as there is now. I know c 
forty men, some of them influential, who an 
ining the claims of Christianity. Many of th 
certainly become Christians. The common 
hear with attention, and are being saved dai! 

The Preparation for a Harvest. 
blesses every effort put forth in His cause, 
been preparing the Burmans for the last half 
for a great work that is now at hand. \^ 
more men called of God to preach the gc 
visit the people in their homes, to take them 
hand and lead them to the Saviour. . . . 
to see some such raised up from among th* 
brethren. Was it not Wayland who said 
Church of Christ was "a tree bearing fruil 
seed is in itself"? 

A Native Ministry. — I fear there is soi 
wrong with our work ; it has not produced c 
nent preacher among the Burmans. Th 
several superior pulpit preachers, men who a 
pious; but not one who is willing to ma] 
sacrifices in order to preach, as almost evi 
sionary on the field is readily making. I do 
t>etter education would improve them in this 
They have not a consuming desire to preac! 


Missionary Correspondence. 


The best native preacher I have seen 
it constant oversight of the missionary ; in 
St be led, directed, supported. Some of the 
uies have given much time to the training 
e preachers, and have succeeded in turning 
d preachers. The Burman ministry is not 
t in that respect. The trouble lies deeper, 
1 only be removed by an outpouring of the 
pirit, to awaken all of us to a sense of the 
mportance of a soul. Missionaries come 
1 of zeal, and desirous to do a great amount 
:. They cannot talk for months, and in the 
ne get into the rut that has been followed by 

I see but one hope for Burmah, and that is 
jgh work of grace among the present -work- 
ce to arouse us all. We need a Moody to 

G Our Own Work. — Now do not under- 
ac to mean that we do not work. Far from 
:lieve we are all working too hard trying to 

Burmah, when it should be our highest and 
n to bring the heathen to Jesus and let Him 

them. Doing Christ's work for Him is 
[>-hill work ; doing what He has appointed 
o do, is always pleasant and profitable. If 
IS been an instance of unfruitful labor, don't 
le man has shirked work, or been unfaithful ; 
re likely that he has worked too hard, tried to 
list's work out of His hands, and hence has 

It is so difficult to "be nothing," and let 
« all and in all. 

Ii the brethren at the Rooms to pray for us ; 
faith for the men you send out ; only God 
e souls by such means. 

Lftter from Mrs. Ingalls. 

Thongzai, Dec. 25, 1876. 

ISM OF A Burman Priest. — I have written 
al of my friends about a Bumian priest who 
:ed Buddhism, and came to our house and 

his yellow robes. I have the pleasure to 
ie friends that he is now their christian bro- 
ie was baptized yesterday, in the presence 
wd of Christians and heathen. It is not only 

^iritual change for this man, but a great 
change. When he wore the yellow dress he 
\ highest seat of honor, the best fruit and 
: food were presented to him, and he was 
ed as a god. When he came out of our 
ith a preacher, in his lay dress, the mark was 

** He is one of us, only a man," exclaimed 

his disciples, as they departed without their custom- 
ary prostrations. The next morning he came to see 
us, and seated himself, with the others, on a mat, 
drank water fiom the same cup, and called the 
preachers, in token of respect, "Teachers." 

In the Public Worship. — That night he came 
to our service, and looking at the others, he, too, 
bowed in prayer. On Sunday he sat in humility 
with the poor and the unlearned, much to the won- 
der and curiosity of his former disciples, who came 
to look on ; and so he has gone on, step by step, 
till he was received into our church ; and if you 
could step in, you would see him with his Burman 
hymn-book, apparently well at home with us. It 
has made some excitement in our region, for he has 
been a priest over twenty years, and is learned in 
their Pali. At his public examination before the 
congregation he was very clear in regard to his faith 
in Christ, and he also testified to the absence of 
any saving power in the Buddhist Scriptures. 

The Effect of this Conversion. — This change 
has led many of his former disciples to distrust their 
religion; but nothing but the power of God can 
change their hearts. We have as many as a hun- 
dred whose judgment is convinced, but there they 
are, very often witnessing to many of our truths, 
but ashamed to trust in a free salvation. We must 
use the appointed means, and leave the rest to God. 

The Agencies. — As I trace back the way in 
which light has come to this man, I am able to dis- 
cover the agencies of many dear friends. Here 
they are, as I trace back the seen causes : A friend 
in Cambridge, who has his agent here, Fayetteville, 
Syracuse, Marion, and Shawmut Avenue, Boston, 
Sunday Schools, and the daughter of a dear Albany 
friend ; and now, as I write, the Central Falls agent 
is teaching this man the truths of our Bible ; here 
they come now, asking for another book. The man 
needs spectacles, so Brother G.'s package will fur- 
nish these, which can not be found here. We have all 
of us sown precious seed ; now we reap, and rejoice 
together. Lift up your heart to God in thanksgiv- 
ing for this rescued one, praying that he may grow 
up to be a strong man in Christ Jesus. Years of 
hard study made him a leader among the Burmans, 
but if he has the teachings of the Holy Spirit he will 
come into the full light of the Gospel. 

My kind greetings to all those who are linked 
with me in this great commission, and a special 
greeting to the dear Sunday Schools. I see you, I 
hear your voices in the " Macedonian Song," and 
"The Story of Old," and the memory of you is 


MissioHary Cortespondence, 


Extracts from A Letter from Mr. Soltau to 
Rev. J. R. Haswell, Dated 

Soi SoNB, Kah-Chin, Nov. 93, 1876. 

"Here we are, within a few hours' journey of 
China, indeed, of one of the large towns of Yunan, 
with offers from our host to take us in at any time. 
On this trip, however, all we can do is to go to the 
hill overlooking the land of promise, and view the 

"The great bug-bear of Kah-Chin, thieving and 
murders, is vanished, as far as this route is con- 
cerned ; for not only have we not been plundered, 
save that one towel is missing, but our rice and eggs 
are given us daily, and even fowls are now being 
sent us, so that we have scarcely to pay a pice ; not 
only so, but we are forwarded from one place to 
another on ponies for nothing. 

. . . "The Kah-Chins of this district are indus- 
trious, hard-working people. This may easily be 
perceived from the trouble they take in clearing the 
luxuriant jungle, and terracing the sides of the hills 
for the cultivation of paddy. They also grow con- 
siderable quantities* of tobacco and opium, and on 
some parts of the hills a few potatoes; but the 
majority of the latter are grown in the Chinese Shan 
States. . . . 

•* Within a few hours of China, and yet obliged to 
return without entering! Oh Christian England! 
merchants' goods and opium may enter, but not the 
Gospel if it can possibly be helped. 

"The people here want us to remain among them 
twenty days, till after the funeral of the wife of our 
host ; but I question if we shall do so, unless there 
are many villages around needing our help. 

..." The people are much interested in hear- 
ing that their language has been reduced to writing 
by Mr. Stevenson. He has offered to open a school 
among them for their children, to get them instruct- 
ed in English, Chinese, and Burmese, in addition to 
reading and writing their own language. They are 
apparently most eager for this if we will build our 
own house and pay all expenses. Here is a fine 
opening, which I hope we shall take up speedily. 
Whether we ourselves commence work here, or get 
our helpers from home, I do not know. I fancy the 
latter would be the wisest thing to do, so that we may 
still pursue our original intention of carrying the gos- 
pel to the Chinese. May the Lord guide 1 

..." Here, indeed, is virgin soil, but not with- 
out a rank growth upon it. Mighty trees must be 
uprooted, brushwood and jungle-grass consumed, the 
land turned up and seed sown, and then the gather- 
ing in of the harvest." 

Letters from Dr. Dean. 

Bangkok, Dec. z^ 

Return to Bangkok. — By the grace o 
am once more at home. During the la 
months I have sailed from Bangkok to Honj 
1,500 miles, from Hong Kong to Japar 
miles, from Japan to California, 5,000 mil 

San Francisco to Boston by rail-road, 

and now have retraced my way to Bangkok, 
a miserable sailor, I have not been kept f 
table by sea-sickness for a single meal sin 
here. Surely goodness and mercy have 1 
me all the days of my life, and especially 
this late visit to my native land. 

During my absence Mrs. Dean has beci 
of typhoid fever, but is now much better, a 
to walk in her room. Thus God has had n 
her, and on me also. I have not yet had 
learn the condition of the churches, having 
to-day ; but I hear that some of the flock ha 

The Voyage. — I left San Francisco Nc 
the P. M. S. S. "Alaska," and reached Yo 
Nov. 30. I made the same distance when 
ward bound, in seventeen days, by the " 
Pekin," a screw steamer. The " Alaska " is 1 
boat, and though slower, is more steady, 
less. Both are comfortable boats, and each 
accommodations, and kind, gentlemanly offi 

From Yokohama to Hong Kong by the " i 
we were eight days. As the steamers I 
Swatow and Bangkok would not leave Hon 
for four days, I went with Miss Thompson 
urday (in eight hours) to Canton, and sp 
Sabbath with the missionary friends of the S 
Baptist and Presbyterian Boards, attendii 
schools and Chinese chapels during the ( 
met them for English worship in the evenin 
returned on Monday to Hong Kong, in tim 
range for Miss Thompson's passage to Swat 
for mine to Bangkok, and see our baggage a 
shipped, and bills paid. 

From Hong Kong to Bangkok per steam< 
nube," I was seven days. This boat on he: 
Hong Kong this time, had her decks swe 
typhoon, and aiaue the passage in fourtec 

We have in mercy escaped the typho 
made the passage in seven days, enjoy 
weather and a smooth sea during the 
another proof of God's care over the help] 
undeserving. If I did not know that he c 

Missionary Correspondence. 


ws and smallest insect, the thought of so 
descending mercy might be oppressive; 
care of a reptile costs Him no more than 
\g of a world. That man dishonors his 
3 supposes that He does not think of his 
s, or provide for his life's aestiny. Thanks 
ive a God who does both, and no small 
ur happiness comes from our knowing it. 

Bangkok, Dec. 35, 1876. 
G Government Claims. — I find some 
:k scattered, as might he expected. Two 
mbers from Ku-Buang were in chains for 
r evading the claims of the revenue ofBcer ; 
large not being proved, I had them liber- 
sent home ; and last Sabbath, as I came 
chapel at Wat-Koh, I foimd two servants 
our members roped in a line of twenty 
rhom the ofBcers had just taken up for 
to pay their triennial poll-tax. I became 
e that the two men should appear at the 
pay their tax on Monday, when they 
ed, and sent them home. Once in three 
Chinaman in the kingdom is required to 
Government three dollars; and if they 
apprehended, it costs them a tical more. 
f of the foolish men will wait, wiUi the 
of evading the tax, and finally pay a pre- 
being apprehended by the officials, and 
iisgrace of being in chains for a night 
URCH AT Ku-BuANG is Still suffering from 
ice of the Roman Catholics, and the new 
Pak-Lin has not yet erected the chapel, 
here is some hitch about the Government 
- the ground, on the plea that it wants a 
to the pretended donor to the church. I 
hese facts, that you may not think of us 
ly than you ought to think. The cause is 
, and the Lord knoweth them that are His, 
ork is soon to prevail, however much may 
1 to our faith and patience. ** The evcr- 
d, Jehovah, fainteth not, neither is weary." 
we need not faint ; but if the old apostles 
to say, " Lord, increase our faith," we may 
t the prayer ; and the Master has occasion 
IS " if ye had faith like a grain of mustard 
night do more for the salvation of the world, 
d throw ourselves on the arm of the Lord, 
be sustained ; if we trust His word, the 
be done. 

xjA'noNS IN Bangkok. — Since my return 

nt another preacher to Lengkia-Chu, and 

man who was a member of my Bible-class 

has gone back to Ku-Buang. Our Sabbath congre- 
gations here in Bangkok are not as large as they 
used to be, and there seems a falling-off in the pe- 
cuniary support of the churches, and one of the old 
preachers has gone into secular employment, thus 
sympathizing with some of the churches and minis- 
ters in the United States. 

A Welcome Back. — Among those who called to 
welcome my return were two old disciples, one 
seventy-seven, and the other eighty-four years old ; 
and some of the children and grandchildren have 
come to shake hands with the Lau-Gin-Ge (old 
teacher). The Minister of Foreign Affairs, a 
Siamien official whom I met last week, gave me a 
cordial welcome, and last Sabbath I was able to 
address the Chinese in the morning, and the friends 
at the English Chapel in the afternoon. Thus the 
Lord has been very gracious to your old friend. 

A Wblcomb from the King. [The following is a tzans- 
lation of a letter of welcome from the King of Siam to Dr. 
Dean, on his return to Bangkok.] 

To William Dean, d.d. 

I, your friend, have thought of you continually 
during your absence to visit your native land. Now 
that I hear the news that you have returned to my 
country in health and comfort, having had no mis- 
hap on the journey, I am very happy. For you were 
my royal father's friend before me, and now are my 
friend. I beg that you may long enjoy happiness. 
Not having opportunity to see you now, I write this 
note of welcome to reach you. 



Bangkok, Jan. a, 1&77. 
This afternoon I conducted the funeral of Mr. 
Falk, a German, and the proprietor of the principal 
hotel in Bangkok. He was about forty-five years 
old, had been in Bangkok fifteen or sixteen years ; 
was a man of sober habits, gentlemanly deportment, 
a kind neighbor, and of the Lutheran religion. He 
was yesterday receiving and reciprocating the con- 
gratulations of the season. Last evening with his 
wife and a large party of his countrymen, was enjoy- 
ing in a ball the festivities of the opening new year, 
when he felt ill, walked to the verandah, when he fell 
dead, of heart disease. He leaves a young widow 
and an infant son of a few months to feel hit loss. 
At his funeral to-day, a large concourse of his coun- 
trymen, and most of the Europeans in Bangkok 
assembled at bis grave, and gave roe an opportunity 
which most of them never do by appearing at chapel, 
to* preach to them the Oo%v^V ^nViJkcVk >Xi« S^vtw qV 


Missionary Correspondence. 


the Lord helped me to ^o. This service I have 
been called often to repeat over the graves of Euro- 
peans and Americans, including missionaries, mer- 
chants, officials, ship captains, pilots and others. I 
hear of the death of three Europeans during my 
recent absence of eight months, and three native 
women of the neighborhood have been taken away 
during the same time. And some of the native 
members of the several churches of our mission, and 
some I fear have fallen lower than into the grave* 
One of the members compare some other members 
to Moses when he came down from Mount Sinai 
with the tables of stone in his hands, and threw 
them down and brake them all at the foot of the 
mountain ; i.e., they have broken all the command- 
ments of the Lord together. I fear that the com- 
paiison is too true concerning some of them who 
profess to have been up the hill of God, and seen 
His face and heard His words. Others seem to 
hold on their way, and to have clean hands and 
grow stronger and stronger ; but on the whole we 
are a feeble folk, and unless the Lord build the 
house, they labor in vain that build it. 

Pisdton in |apBn. 
Letter from Mr. Dobbins. 

The war now going on in the southern extremity 
of Japan will not affect missionary work. The Sa- 
truma Clan being discontented with the Govern- 
ment, not with the Mikado, — for all Japanese are 
loyal to him, but with his officers. The pensions of 
the Samurai (the soldier class formerly) were with- 
drawn from them some time since, and they were 
ordered not to wear swords. Formerly each Samu- 
rai wore two swords, and generally furnished resist- 
ance tu these demands of the merchants and labor- 
ing classes, by beheading the resistants. On account 
of this too free use of the sword, it was prohibited 
for the sake of the safety of the people. 

The Satruma Samurai, and a few other clans have 
joined them; desire to restore things to the old 
ways, restore the pension, the privilege of the 
sword, the Japanese costume as the Court dress, — 
and in a word, to pursue just the opposite course to 
that pursued by the present government, and to 
bring back the old feudal system. They desire 
further to put foreigners out of the various govern- 
ment offices. They do not expect, nor do they seek 
to put them out of the country. So many thought- 
ful Japanese say. There is at present, fighting near 
Kumamoto, and has been for three days ; in whose 
fMvoT the battles have fallen is not certainly known. 

3|PK«ton hi jfrana. 
Letter from Mr. Lepoids. 

Pakis, Jan. la, 

It is time for me to send you a report of la: 

A Year of Trials. — We have to say 
this year has been to us one of various trials, 
also been one of encouragement and consolat 
several accounts. It is sdways true that 
chastens him whom He loves ; " we have fo 
so. The year 1876 began with the death of a 
brother, well-beloved, who often came mor 
twenty-five miles on Sundays, to be present 
worship. We saw him come regularly for 
than twenty years, to partake of the Lord's ^ 
with his brethren, except during the )var of 
when he was kept providentially, like Elijah 
brook Cherith. This dear brother fell aslet 
Simeon, in the peace of Christ, after a few 

We have lost two young friends who we 
members of the church. A young man \ 
years of age, son of one of our brethren, had 
his father much anxiety; but the spirit o 
humbled him, and he repented of his sins, ac 
Jesus Christ as his Saviour, and then fell asl 
the ** hope which maketh not ashamed," an< 
to join his dear mother who had been more ' 
year with the Lord. The other was a worthy 
girl, the support of her family. We had ofte 
her at worship with her mother. She was at 
with typhoid and cerebral fever. Her deliriu 
at first troubled by the consciousness of si 
she recovered her faculties, and sought and 
salvation in Jesus. Her last words were thes 
am the bride of Christ. I am going now to ce' 
my wedding feast with Jesus, my spouse, in hea 

Relapses and Removals. — I tell you I 
our trials. I regret to say that we have had t] 
row of receiving the resignation of four meml 
the church, who felt themselves obliged to w( 
Sundays to sustain their families. The church 
unable to. tolerate this, has induced them tc 
draw; we hope only temporarily, for we vis 
pray for them. Fmally, one member who had 
into spiritual coldness, was, after warning, exd 
but since he has been ill, he has sent for us t 
him, and happily he is better spiritually. 

Two othir faithful members have left Par 
for Switzerland, the other for England. W 
them much, but we know from their letters th: 
remain firm in their christian principles. Yo 
heard that several of our members have be 


Missionary Correspondence, 


y dis«as« in the last year; among others, 
.epoids, and more lately our dear brother 
t they are better, and have been able to 
beir work. Thank God ; we would not be 

rRAGEMENTS. — I will now tell you of the 
^ements granted us in 1876. 
\ beginning of the year, a married couple, 
ng Catholicism and all its errors, to accept 
Jesus Christ and His gospel of truth and of 
illy professed their faith in Christ, and were 
usiy received by the church. They have 
ked with great faithfulness. Their children 
tie Sunday school and also the week-day 
which my daughter Marie has opened 
your lil)erality, in our chapel. In August, 
len were baptized. One is a sister of one of 
hren, baptized in 1875, '^^^ ^^ faithfully 
i to her. Since her baptism she has perse- 
living piety. The other woman, formerly 
ic, has since her baptism become a faithful 
!»t to all her relatives and friends, 
mg man of Clarendon, near Paris, where 
> preach the gospel, has just found peace in 
id will soon be baptized, we hope. All his 
Catholics, are also well-disposed, and come 
irvice in Rue de Lille. Several other per- 
ve found the Saviour, and wish to confess 
* gospel baptism. Besides these, several 
IS seem avrakened, and near the Kingdom 

School in Rue de Lille. — My daugh- 
ool in Rue de Lille gives her some encour- 
:. She began you know, in May last, with 
Idren. She has now about twenty pupils, 
be teaches with courage. We ask of God 

school may soon be tilled up, and that the 

and their friends may be brought to the 
I have visited several of the relatives of these 
, who now attend our worship, and give us 

their conversion. I am myself greatly in- 
in giving religious instmction every week in 
filter's school Our Sunday-school has also 

iNGs FOR Working Men. — But the most 
ging things to us are our popular meetings 
ling men in Paris. The hall in the populous 
of Plaisance and Montrouge, is ^almost ai- 
led; on Sundays especially it is crowded, 
the door. We have also established a Sun- 
3oly where we now have more than eighty 

We gave them by way of encouragement a 
«t tree, shnilar to that in our chapel; it 

succeeded perfectly, and gave us opportunity to 
preach <he Gospel. Many of the children there 
have bought the New Testament, which we sell to 
them at a low price, that they may carry it home, 
and there disseminate the light of truth. There are 
in this neighborhood some souls which have spirit- 
ual joy ; some seem already to have found Christ ; 
but we pray for many sincere and complete conver- 

The Young Women's Christian Union. — 
This was continued through the year, under the 
direction of my eldest daughter Sara; we think 
many have received good from it. Our young men 
have unfortunately lost their beloved leader, and 
they suffer from the loss ; still, we see among them 
evident proofs of the fear of God, and of true piety. 

Helpers. — Our dear brother Dez has continued 
to give lessons in sacred music to our young people, 
and tries to aid the work as much as possible, in 
spite of his daily labor at the ofifice of the Credit 
Fonder. Brethren Vignal and Vc^iere also labor 
courageously, according to their talents and their 
strength. Our dear brother Lallement, a faithful 
member of the church, does the same in our meet- 
ings for the people. 

Notwithstanding all this, the Kingdom of God 
comes slowly around us, in our capital so agitated 
by political and Jesuit parties. Will you and your 
friends pray for us, and for our poor people? 

An Important Movement. — We seem, how- 
ever, to perceive a movement toward the Gospel. A 
man of some consideration has written a letter (pub- 
lished by our journals) to his Catholic bishop, to 
declare to him that he leaves the Papacy, of whose 
errors he is weary, to turn to Protestantism. Thb 
letter makes quite a sensation in France, and it 
seems that a number of intelligent French Catholics 
are coming together to ask if they may follow the 
example of this man. If this movement becomes 
serious, it will no longer t>e only the inferior classes 
of society who will turn to the Gospel, but also some 
of the cultivated classes, — men of progress who 
fight against Jesuitism. 

Serious minds here are much pre-occupied by the 
Eastern question, which involves such grave prob- 
lems, and the Presidential question in the United 
States also gives us much thought. We ask the 
Lord to deliver you from new trouble, and to give 
peace and prosperity to your dear country. 

We have seen with pleasure some of your coun- 
trymen; among others, Dr. Mitchell, Professor of 
Hebrew at Chicago, who encouraged us by his 
cordial sympathy with out ^ocVvckYivcic^. 


Missionary Correspondence, 

Our statistics for the year 1876, are : died, I ; re- 
signed, 4 ; excluded, i ; removed from Pariii 2 ; 
received by baptism, 4, by letter, 4 ; 5 candidates 
for baptism. Present number, 90. 

Dear brother, pray excuse me for writing so sel- 
dom; my time is absorbed by my preaching on 
Sundays, and in the week by my visits to the mem- 
bers, and my preaching trips among the Catholics^ 

Please present my cordial salutations to the mem- 
bers of the Committee, and believe me always sin- 

Plission in Stoeben. 
Letter from Rev. T. Truve. 

GOTTBNBURC, SwBDBN, Feb. a, X877. 

Working in a Revival. — My time is constant- 
ly occupied ; I have continued preaching as usual, 
twice on Sunday, and holding two meetings on 
week days. Last spring we had a revival, and con. 
tinned the meetings evening after evening for sev- 
eral weeks in the large Mechanics' Hall. Sixteen 
persons have since then united with our church; 
many more who were converted at that time still 
continue to attend our meetings, and several of 
them are teachers in our Sunday-School. 

A Valuable Helper. — An architect by the 
name of Mr. Westemberg, a very prominent man 
in this community, has united with us, and now 
both he and his wife are active members of our 
church. We have four hundred children in our 
Sunday school. Formerly I was the superintend- 
ent, but now Mr. Wentenberg has taken the charge 
of the school. 

Working for Sunday Schools. — Last sum- 
mer a young brother from the school in Stockholm 
took my place here while I was absent attending 
Sunday-school meetings. I travelled from the south 
of Sweden up to Hesneand in the far north, a dis- 
tance of about nine hundred miles, holding Sun- 
day-school meetings in several different places. I 
hope that many were awakened to greater activity 
in the Sunday-school cause. Shortly after Christ- 
mas I went down to Maluro to attend a Sunday- 
school conference, and this week I am going to 
Orebro for the same purpose. I feel it to be my 
duty to work for the Sunday-school cause, as it 
is, comparatively speaking, a new institution in 
Sweden, and there are many here who need all the 
help they can get. 

Christian Fellowship. — I am glad to be able 

to say that God has wonderfully blessed the Sunday- 

schooJ work in this land. It has been the means of 

uniting the Baptists and Lutherans in chri: 
lowship. If I am at any time obliged to Im 
I can get a Lutheran te supply my pulpit. ( 
ago such a thing would not have been thou 

A Chapel Needed.— >Ve have not built 
yet, so we must still pay the heavy rent < 
2,000 kronos for the rent of the Mechanic 
It is not pleasant to have our place of wo 
the house where there is a theatre every 
evening after our meeting is closed. We ai 
to get money for a chapel, but as yet we hs 
ceeded in getting only about 6,000 kronos. 

Need of a Helper. — I do not know h< 
I shall be able to work as I now am worli 
am in hopes that some one will be able to 1 
paper for Sunday-school teachers ; it takes tc 
of my time and strength. I shall try, howei 
keep it another year. 

As I devote so much of my lime to Sunda] 
work in different parts of Sweden, I need vei 
some one to help me in Gottenburg, by pr 
and visiting people. , A young brother name 
berg, who is now in the school in Stockh 
willing to come. Could you not give him $'4 
can by some means get the rest for him ? 
give him 300 Swedish crowns out of my own 
and a brother has promised to give him th 
amount, 'llie church is small, not quite on 
dred members, and six of these are so poor 
are obliged to help them every month ; and 
this we have the heavy rent to pay for ou 
otherwise the church might pay something ( 
his salary. It costs about 600 crowns to c 
our Sunday schools. Our expenses are m^ 
have mentioned our needs to you, and I a 
that if you can help us these hard times you 


Another Revival. — Since I wrote the ] 
ing pages, I have been in Orebro a little 
week, and have preached almost continuall; 
there. During the week of prayer the Ch 
prayed for a revival of the Holy Spirit. As 1 
I came, I saw that the Lord had alread) 
menced to answer their prayers. Evening 
evening the new chapel was crowded to 
flowing. I have never seen sinners so aw: 
as they were there. They had no power ti 
stand the word. Sunday morning after 
spoken to them, we invited those who 
anxious about their soul's salvation, to g 
an adjoining room, and we would pray for 

Missionary Correspondence. 


>in, which seats one hundred persons, 
rded to overflowing; so I told those who 
It find places in the room, to go back 
apel, and there would be those who would 

pray with them there. We continued 
ith, and praying for the anxious ones, for 
n an hour. Many professed to have found 
h. God, and went home happy. Among 
i a woman who had travelled nine miles, 
id, to find peace with God. 

meetings were continued evening after 
and many sinners were brought to Christ, 
the Sunday-school children were also con- 
There were seven boys in one class who 
ace in believing. 
MG FOR Converts. — I have not time to 

a more lengthy account of the meetings, 
uly a work of the Lord's. Just before I 
1, they had a meeting for those who had 
:ently converted. There were one hun- 
1 thirty newly converted present, and I 
jd since then, that many more who had 
ace were not able to be present at that 
L large number of the converted have 
sked to be received into the church. In 
landing country there seems to be much 
felt A time of refreshing from the Lord 

LnTER FROM Rev. A. Drake. 

Stockholm, F^. 17, 1877. 
, and is doing great things with us, whereof 
ad. Last year I had the privilege of tell- 
)f large blessings vouchsafed ; this winter 
has granted still larger. Tidings of grea^ 
mring in from all parts of our field of labor. 
1 more than a shower of grace ; it is like 
ty tide of God rolling over our country. It 
I excitement produced by some eloquent 
, making the round among the churches, 
an evident answer to prayer. Christians 
n stirred up to call on the Lord, and expect 
IS answer. Our Lutheran brethren have 
ids call as never before ; in many places 
t united with Baptists and Methodists to 
blessing ; and the result has been a work 
nsparalleled, I am bold to say, in the re- 
story of Sweden. Whether ordained min- 
lie gospd (former and present pupils of 
d Seminary), have taken a large part in 
, laymen bearing testimony for their risen 

Saviour, Sunday-school teachers gently leading their 
tiny flock to the Good Shepherd, or only humble 
bands of praying men and women, Baptist or Luth- 
eran, the spirit of God is present, awakening sinners 
to a sense of their lost condition, and bringing 
them to the fold of Christ. 

The International Week of Prayer. — In 
this city, the International Week of Prayer, Nov. 12 
to 20, proposed by the Young Men*s Christian Asso- 
ciation, proved the beginning of blessing. Ever 
since that time frequent meetings have been held, 
at every occasion tens and scores rising for prayer, 
and almost daily we hear of souls being delivered 
from the bonds of sin, and brought to peace through 
believing. In the month of December there were 
eighteen added to the First Baptist Church of Stock- 
holm ; in January, twenty-three ; at present, thirty 
more are waiting for baptism. A special feature in 
this city is the hold eternal things have taken upon 
the garrison of the capital, in general very aband- 
oned characters. God has evidently snatched some 
of them as brands from the burning. Their tempta- 
tions are fearful, but steps are being taken towards 
permanent eflbrts to rescue them from the grog- 

Harvesting and Rejoicing. — In some other 
places a similar work of grace commenced before 
the closing of last year ; in many more, the Week of 
Prayer in January, proposed by the Evangelical 
Alliance, ushered in seasons of harvesting and re- 

Everywhere the Sunday schools seem to have an 
equal share with the adults in the blessings. Drunk- 
enness being a besetting sin of Sweden, the temper- 
ance movement set on foot last autumn is one 
promising feature of the present good work. 

A Macedonian Cry. — Even from Finland and 
Norway, similar reports of blessing on single points 
of the field have reached us within the last few days. 
Our brethren in the north of Finland, now reaching 
the number of four hundred in six •churches, had 
begged hard to have a Baptist preacher from the 
north of Sweden to stay with them over winter. 
But he could not come, and great was their disap- 
pointment. In this plight they took it as a cfdl 
from God to exercise to the utmost the gifts among 
themselves. Three of them set out on a missionary 
tour into the deep forests among the Finnish-speak- 
ing population, and their humble eflbrts were 
blessed in a wonderful manner. A man repre- 
sented by the writer as ''a genuine Finnish bear," 
was converted, and promised to become a messen- 
ger of mercy to lus ovrn race. Som« ol >Xv«.Ta Van^ 


Finish Thy Work. 


already been received into the Swedish-speaking 
Baptist churches. But these our brethren across 
the Bothnean Gulf, feel the necessity of having a 
minister stationed among them, and they tender to 
us the Macedonian cry, "Come over and help us! " 
And to you our brethren in America, we make the 
humble request, ** May we nut hope for some help 
in supporting our Brst missionary, as we are not yet 
able to furnish his support alone?" We may add 



The voice of the Master, disciples, is calling, 
From yonder bright heavens 'tis sounding 
below ; 
At morning, at noon, and at night time 'tis 
Go forth to the har\'est, ye laborers, go ! 
The fields are all white 
In summer's soft light, 
The winds blowing freshly and free. 
Go forth ye, and gather. 
Ere falleth the night. 
The gold of the harvest for me. 


WJiere the sun of the Orient shines out in its 
There millions are groping in darkness and 
Go, teach them of Christ, of His wonderful 
And bid them to wash in His blood and be 
clean ; 

Go tell of His love 
That sinners may prove, 
That bids the oppressed one go free ! 
Go, whisper of heaven. 
Yon mansions above, 
Where His children forever shall be ! 


To all who will seek Him Christ offers His 
pardon, — 
The high and the lowly, the rich and the poor. 
O, think of His tears in that dark, lonely garden ! 
O, think what He suffered our love to secure ! 
So full and so free, 
'Tis flowing for thee ; 
O sinners, his pleadings obey ! 

that up to this time, with the exception of travelling 
expenses, the Finnish Baptists have nobly carried 
their burden, not even asking for any assistance. 

From Norway, a former pupil of our Bethel Sem- 
inary writes of an encouraging work of grace tt 
Froudhjem, presenting the unheard of sight for 
Norway, of Lutherans, Moravians, and Methodifts 
joining with the Baptists in prayer meetings. 

Though your sins are like crimson. 
As snow they shall be. 
And His angels around thee shall stay. 


Ye nations, now sitting in sin^s deathless 
Arouse ye, arouse ye! your light having come. 
O, see how Uis beaming from yon fuleless 
Where the glorified rest with the angels at 

Ye isles of the sea, 
Arise, and go free ! 
Ye ends of the earth, loud proclaim 
The joy and salvation. 
Through Jesus to be. 
And the glory and power of His name. 

—{Heathen Wopnans Frwd* 


Finish thy work : the time is short, 

The sun is in the west. 
The night is coming down — till then 

Think not of rest. 

Yes ! finish all thy work, then rest ; 

Till then, rest never ; 
The rest prepared for thee by God 

Is rest for ever. 

Finish thy work ; then wipe thy brow, 

Ungird thee from the toil ; 
Take breath, and from each weary limb 

Shake off the soil. 

Finish thy work ; then go in peace, 

Life's battle fought and won ; 
Hear from the throne the Master^s voice. 

Well done, well done ! 
— lUmtrated Missionary News^ LtnuUm. 

Religions of China. 



Bible 4000 characters are used, but of 
ly 1200 are in constant use ; the others 
There are a very few characters, which 
: great frequency with which they occur, 
e the great body of the work; 235 
rs from this frequent use occur as many 
all the rest put together ; 500 charac- 
stitute five-sixths of the whole in the 
. e., multiplying by the numbers of 
ch occurs. 

are many old forms of characters, but 
t now in use corresponding to our Ro- 
i Italic letters; the one is the square 
r, used in printing and also in writing ; 
r the "grass character" or running 
5t a quick way of writing the true char- 
it in all proper letters or documents 
re characters are written just as printed, 
one comes to China the characters all 
'in a mass " Soon the eye begins to 
ow they are built up, for they are 
according to rule. Laws of order and 
Ltion run through the whole. It is 
wonderful system. 

ive not as in some places to create a 
language, but a book printed in their 
r may be read over the empire, Of 
300,000, a large proportion are women 
dren, who of course cannot read. In 
try, of the men, probably two or three 
ten can read; in the city, probably 
eight out of ten, so the people as a 
e a reading people. 

.ve the Bible in the Wen-li or classic 
^ In Soochow we use the Shanghai 
:stament ( which is all we will ever 
ind it is now undergoing thorough re- 
^ a committee of all the principal Mis- 
. The character can be used to write 
>qulal as well as the Wen-li. The Old 
nt has just been issued in the Manda- 
urt dialect, and is a treasure to us. 
read it thoroughly understand. The 
ects are almost precisely in the body 
nrords the same as the Mandarin, only 
in the particles or little words. Spoken 
id very differently, but if a native of 
, for example, reads a Mandarin book 
the character the local sounds. There 

will be a great effort made at the approaching 
General Missionary Conference to establish the 
Mandarin as the written language of the 
Church, just as the high German, instead of 
printing in the many patois. Many valuable 
books in the colloquials are out of print, but 
if all would concentrate on the Mandarin, 
much labor would be saved. — Rev, H, C. Du 
Bose in The Missionary. 


There are three dominant systems — Confu- 
cianism, Taouism, and Buddhism — though a 
fourth, Mohammedanism, abounds in certain 
districts. These three exist side by side, and 
are believed in, to a greater or less extent, by 
almost the entire nation. The first derives its 
name from Confucius, who flourished about 500 
B.C., and built up a system on the moral say- 
ings and doings of the ancients. Taouism was 
the work of a Chinese philosopher, a contem- 
porary with Confucius, and though called " ra- 
tionalism," it is largely a system of sorcery. 
Buddhism was not introduced into China until 
the first century of the Christian era, and 
seems, with its varied rites, feasts, and doc- 
trines, to be suited to the people. Confucianism 
is the religion of the State and of the educated 
classes ; but so accommodating are the Chinese 
in matters of worship, that it is common for the 
same persons to profess and perform the reli- 
gious rites of all three. Idolatry is allied with 
each of these. The country is full of idol 
temples, and it is said that it is easier to find a 
god than a man ; and yet tlie Chinese are truly 
described as **a nation of atheists," as they 
are really an irreligious people. This conjunc- 
tion of religious systems supplementing each 
other, suited by their varying peculiarities to 
the tastes and wishes of their votaries, and in- 
fluencing public and private life, create a fearful 
obstacle to the Gospel. What one lacks the 
other supplies, and each is regarded as neces- 
sary and useful. Atheism and idolatry, spirit- 
ualism and materialism, fasts and feasts, are 
believed in and observed by the same individ- 
uals. Such a combination interferes greatly 
with the reception of the truth or even an ac- 
knowledgment of its claims. — The Foreign 


The Missionary Outlook 



China. — The Chinese Recorder gives an 
interesting sketch of Protestant missions in 
Hang-Chau. The missionaries have had great 
difficulties to meet in Hang-Chau, owing to the 
diversity of dialects spoken. The natives and 
old residents, and in particular the educated 
classes, speak a species of Mandarin ; servants, 
many artisans, and christian agents, are from 
Ningpo, and speak the dialect of that place ; a 
third class, composed of tradesmen and hus- 
bandmen, are from the regions towards Shang- 
hai, and speak various dialects. Hang-Chau 
was first visited by missionaries of the Church 
Missionary Society and the American Presby- 
terian Board of Missions in 1859, ^^^ ^^^ 
Church Missionary Society established the first 
station in 1864. The Presbyterian Board 
planted the second station in 1865 ; the Ameri- 
can Baptist Union the third, in 1866; the 
China Inland Mission the fourth, in 1867, and 
the American Southern Presbyterian Board the 
fifth, in 1867. The Church Missionary Society 
reports twenty-three communicants, one chapel, 
and two missionaries, and two native preach- 
ers ; the Presbyterian Board has two missiona- 
ries, five native preachers, two chapels, and 
seventy members; the Southern Presbyterian 
Board has three missionaries, one church and 
two chapels, and eighteen members. The sta- 
tistics of the other societies are not given. 

Since the year 1799, 492 Protestant male 
missionaries have been sent to the Chinese, 
In 1876 there were 304 Protestant missionaries 
in China; of these 187 were married men, 58 
were unmarried men, and 59 were single women. 
46 of these missionaries were absent from the 
country on account of health. 

These 304 missionaries represented 29 socie- 
ties, of which 12 are American, having 141 mis- 
sionaries, 15 British, having 146 missionaries, 
and two German, having 17 missionaries. 

At the end of 1876, there were 51 single la- 
dies working as Protestant missionaries in 

There is now in China one missionary to 
every two millions of heathen inhabitants. 

Miss A. M. FiBLDE. 

CinsA.'-'1\i^ number of Christians in China 
IS DOW increasing six-fold every ten years. 

Opinion of Heathen Natives. — The 
pel is steadily and irresistibly advancing, 
this is not only the testimony of mission 
but the opinion of some of the more thoug 
straightforward and influential natives o 
country. ** Hinduism is doomed to e: 
tion," said recently one of the greatest I 
pundits of Calcutta ; ** but in the present 
of skepticism and unrest, it is difficult tc 
diet what other religion will take its plac( 
religion, however, we Hindus must have 
whether it be Christianity, or any other fo 
religion, I trust it will not be Brahmanisn 

Progress of Christianity in Nort 
India. — Christianity is no more ignored t 
educated natives of this country ; on the 
trary, it is being vigorously assailed b 
native press, the theatre, in debating < 
and by public addresses. We naturally 
from this fact that Christianity is a gi 
spiritual power than might be supposed 
the small number of native converts, 
already look on Christianity as a rival \ 
they must fear, and whom to combat is } 
their endeavors. On the other hand, ( 
tianity is, thank God, being defended 
much effect by the educated members o 
Native Christian Church, who show wha 
Indian intellect may accomplish when it I 
ciplined by Christianity. Some of their ^ 
deserve to rank with the best products of 
scrit scholarship in Europe. — Report of 
cutta Cor, Com, 

A year ago the Church Missionary Sc 
adopted plans for reaching, by evangelists 
missionaries, the middle and higher class 
South India. Three ministers have beei 
gaged in carrying out the scheme in the 
nevelly: the Rev. V. W. Harcourt, the 
N. Honiss, and the Rev. H. Horsley. 
Honiss held meetings in private and i 
houses for lectures and evening meeting 
candle-light. Mr. Harcourt establishec 
stations in the chief towns, placing the 
charge of christian workers. He o} 
Anglo-vernacular schools, and Bible and 
depots. He sptnX \^ \.vki& v^ visiting 


Th$ Missionary Outlook. 


; in turn, staying about a week at each, 
lerating with the catechist. The three 
aries divide their time thus : Ten days 
month they work together, ten days 
each in the villages surrounding the 
hey live in, and ten days they spend m 
tc. The results of the year's work are 
I to be encouraging. Mrs Lewis is 
on a similar plan among the high-caste 
— Independent. 

\, — *• The establishment of a Christian 
in that heathen city of Hiogo seems to 
glorious triumph. For months we 
1, and preached, with apparently no 
The people seemed fully bent on hav- 
hing to do with us. We always said, 
is one of the hardest places in all Ja- 
1 if we do get a foothold there, we need 
but that we can get a foothold anywhere 
npirc. And now, behold one result of 
months of work : a Christian church, a 
^ of enthusiastic believers, and many, 
ny, who utterly hated the name of the 
gion, now kindly disposed to and wil- 
hear its instruction. We look up to 
h thankfulness, and say reverently, and 
ppy confidence. Thine is the kingdom, 
power, and the glory for ever and ever. 
" — Illustrated Missionary News. 

ATiON IN Japan. — The earliest modern 
ments in education were owing, it would 
> the influence of the Dutch at Nagas- 
ecause of this influence, it is supposed, 
Commodore Perry made his memorable 
Japan in 1853, it was found that a per- 

advance had been made from the old 
; medical system toward the more ra- 
leas of Europe. It was not, however, 

country was opened to foreigners by 
that western learning began to afTect, 
Ily, the national life. As early as 1861 
er of persons were sent to Holland (oth- 
"e sent subsequently to England and 
a) to receive instruction in the arts and 
% of the West ; and the result has been 
lutary. Many of the most responsible 
tnder the government zre now Med by 

men of this class. They naturally, as did oth- 
ers, saw the urgent need of a broader system of 
education; and after the revolution of 1867, 
whereby the shogunate was abolished, and the 
Mikado had resumed his rightful place in the 
government, the time was thought to have come 
for the needful change. In 1871, therefore, a 
department of public instruction was created. — 
Missionary Herald, 

The proportion of children at school in 
Japan is said to be as great as in England. 

Japan. — It is but a few years since thb em- 
pire seemed to be hermetically sealed against 
the rest of the world. But not only has it sur- 
rendered its policy of isolation ; it has come 
forth therefrom with a degree of alacrity which 
none could have anticipated. Instead of repcl- 
hng the knowledge of the western nations, as 
it did a short time since, it now invites and 
honors it. Cautious observers may suggest that 
we have not seen the end. Very true ; but we 
have no reason to distrust the future. The pro- 
gress of Japan is not in the keeping of man. 
He that is Lord over all, has the hearts of all 
its millions in His hand ; the Christian has a 
right to hope, therefore, and in view of what is 
taking place, to believe confidently that thb 
empire has been given to the Son as a part of 
the great inheritance which of old was promised 
to Him, and not only so, but to believe that He 
is soon to put his Well-beloved in full and un- 
disputed possession. — Missionary Herald. 

The Missionaries in Japan draw special at- 
tention to the fiact that it is the upper and not 
the lower classes who receive Christianity. 

BuRMAH. — For every convert there was in 
Burmah fifty years ago. there are now a thou- 
sand. There are now 350 churches, and nine- 
tenths of the work is done by native preachers. 

Cairo. — The Moslem University at Cairo b 
said to have about ten thousand students, Islam 
b still a power. 


Editorial Paragraphs. 

South Africa. — There are 40,000 commu- 
nicants in the churches of South Africa. 

TuKUDH Indians. — Eight hundred miles 
northeast of Metlakatla, and right within 
the Arctic circle, the C. M. S. have a sta- 
tion among the Tukudh Indians, who are 
rapidly receiving the Gospel. In 1875 three 
hundred and fourteen were baptized ; the com- 
municants had largely increased in numbers, 
eighteen voluntary "leaders" conducted daily 
morning and evening prayers, and diligently 
instructed their countrymen ; and the piety of 
the converts was manifested by ** a profound 
reverence for God, a growing humility, and 
strenuous endeavors after a conformity to the 
Divine will." — /bid. 

South Pacific. — The Methodists of Aus- 
tralia have sent about a dozen natives of Fiji 
and Samoa as Mbsionaries and teachers to the 
New Britain, New Ireland, and Duke of York 
Islands in the South Pacific. The natives of 
these islands have been to a large extent can- 
nibals, but they have been friendly to the Mis- 
sionaries, who have erected several chapels 
among them. 

Islam. — Practically, such theories of Islam 
as the duty of fighting unbelievers, of keeping 
Christians in a state of abject submission, &c., 
may be set aside; but, while they form part 
and parcel of the religion of the State, there 
will always remain in the Moslem population 

the leaven of discontent, the feeling of 
**Giavourism" introduced into their ve 
gion, and the latent desire to shake 
yoke at the earliest opportunity. 

There is hope that, by degrees, man) 
gent Moslems may come to the con victit 
as many of the institutions of Islam 
longer be upheld, its time is passed, an* 
other religious system must be loo) 
more in harmony with the spirit of t 
— Church Missionary Intelligencer, 

Italy. — Gavazzi lately reported 50,00 
lar attendants at the evangelical chur 
Italy ; previous to 1848 there was not o 

Austria. — More than two years ago 
ravians asked of the Austrian Govemm< 
legal recognition be given to the church 
hemia. The government has now com< 
point in the consideration of the mor 
question at which it seeks to be enlight 
to the doctrine, ritual, and financial re 
of the Bohemian Church. After hold! 
matter in advisement three or four years 
it will probably say No — as it, doubt 
tended to do from the first. — Independt 

France. — Rev. Mr. McAll has ope 
nineteenth place of meeting for evac 
services. They are well attended. In t 
bourg St. Antoine, one of the worst ( 
of Paris, 450 workmen attend twice 
regularly, and listen with deep attention 

Give Something. — A pastor writes to the 
Mission Rooms for missionary facts and statis- 
tics to present before his people. He says ** I 
want to be posted, that I may preach intelli- 
gently. We can never give much, but we 
ought to give something." That is it ; give 
somethings be the offering ever so small, give 
something. If every church and every church 
member would do a little, where a little is all 
that can be done, and those abundantly able to 
make large contributions would do their part 
in this line of christian effort, what wonders 

^uld be speedily witnessed in the work of 

_ ions. Because a church is small, and lim- 

CHTi -^ • 

n Its pecuniary resources, is no reason 

IS now 1. 


why it should not bear some part in t 
sionary enterprises of the day. Suppos 
collect from the entire membership but : 
dollar y then let that be collected and 
the Mission Rooms. 

More Baptist Boys Wanted. 
following letter speaks for itself: — 

, April 2, 

Please find enclosed coupons of the ^ 
seven dollars for the use of the Union 
is a small sum, but I am only a boy, ai 
the Baptist boys would send you seven 
each, you could pay all the demands ( 
treasury. ' Very respectfully, I 

Editorial Paragraphs, 


iVATCH. — Just as the last fiscal year 
[issionary Union was coming to its 
expressman brought into the Rooms, 
wn in Vermont, a package, in which 
following letter: "Herewith please 
inty-five dollar watch, which I donate 
.merican Baptist Missionary Union. 
:h is from the publishers of the 
^ompanioHy received last summer, as a 
present. I then concluded I would 
the Missionary Union, or its value in 
id as I have hoped and waited as long 
or the money, and have not been able 
, I now send the watch, as I want it 
n for the year closing March 31, 1877. 
1 old watch worth about one-half of 
h I shall make do me rather than to 
land in the work of missions this hard 
closing. I have been able to give the 
n of $10 a year for some years past, 
felt anxious to do more these hard 
possible, notwithstanding I feel the 
of the times with others. I would 
xpress on this package, but just now 
t a ceni of money. I used yesterday 
ostage stamp . . . 

A Friend of Missions." 

iiAGiNG.— It is the aim of the Mrs- 

Union and of the Publisher to fiimbh 

n, interest and stimulus to the readers 

agazine^ and hereby to subserve the 

missions among the heathen. In 

ip the Magazine^ the tastes, culture 

:s of many have to be consulted, and 

sfies one may be unsatisfactoiy to 

But it is encouraging to receive such 

approval and commendation as the 

A prominent layman in Boston 

writes : *• Allow me to compliment you in the 
great improvement in the Magazine. It is the 
only monthly that I read entirely through, and 
that not as a duty, but because the interest is 
so continuous that I cannot lay it down till 

Many Thanks. — The Independent, in a 
recent issue, says, — 

**One of our most valued missionary ex- 
changes is The Baptist Magazine of Boston. 
It is a very handsomely printed publication, of 
about thirty pages, made up of stirring edito- 
rials, interesting contributed articles by active 
missionaries, the usual department of Baptist 
missionary intelligence, and general missionary 
news of all denominations." 

We have in hand many such hearty com- 
mendations, but modesty restrains us from pub- 
lishing them. 

Give or Die. — The pastor whose words have 
already been quoted in another editorial note, 
says in the same letter, in which he promises 
to have his church do something for missions, 
•*For we are so /^^r that we must give or ^." 
There is much important truth in that sentence. 
Many a poor and struggling church, sinking 
and ready to die, might find a speedy and sure 
remedy in cultivating the spirit of the Great 
Comm ssion, and contributing to the cause of 

Wanted ! to complete sets of the Magazine, 
numbers of December, 1864, September, i860, 
April, 1872, June, 1873. Will those who have 
those numbers to spare be kind enough to send 
them to W. G. CORTHELL. 

Tremont Temple, Boston. 


•ixty-third Annual Meeting of the American Baptist Missionary Union will 
in the First Baptist Church of Providence, R L, on Tuesday and Wednes- 
22(1 and 23d of May, 1877. Rev. Lemuel Moss, D.D., of Indiana, will 
be Annual Sermon. 

[Signed,] H. S. Burrage, Recording Secretary, 

I, Me., March 16, 1877. 

>ixty-third Annual Meeting of the Board of Managers of the American Bap- 

iionary Union will be held in the First Baptist Church of Providence, R.I., 

itely after the adjournment of the Missionary Union. 

[Signed,] J. B. Thresher, Recording Secretary. 

Vlarch 16, 1877. 


Rooms, Tremont Temple, Boston. 

CoKRESFONDiNC Sbcrbtary, Rsv. J. N. MURDOCK, D.D.. to whom letters relating to home work and missions o* 
the Union should be addressed. 

Trbasurbr, freeman A. SMITH, Esq., to whom letters containing money for the general treasury should be 
addressed: also letters relating to Wills. Drafts, Checks, and Postal Money Orders, except for the publications, should be drawn 
in his favor. Friends wishing to forward goods to missionaries through the Treasurer, should send him by mail a schedule of die 
contents and valuation of the package, with express or railroad receipt. 


New England District.— Rev. W. S. McKbnzib, D.D., Tremont Temple, Boston. 

Hudson-River District. -- Rev. O. Dodge, 8 Murray Street, New York. 

New- York Central District. — Rev. Geo. H. Bricham, 94 South Salina Street, Syracuse, N.Y. 

Southern District. — Rev. J. V. Amblbk, 1490 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 

Middle District. — Rev. Thomas Allen, Dayton, O. 

Lake District. — Rev. S. M. Stinson, D.D., Terre Haute, Ind. 

North- Western District. — Rev. C. F. Tolman, 71 Randolph Street, Chicago. 


Mrs. Alvah Hovey, Cor. Sec., Newton Centre. Mrs. J. M. S. Williams, Treas. Tremont Teoq>le, Boatoo. 

Mrs. a. M. Bacon, Cor. Sec., Dundee, 111. Mrs* C. R. Blackall, Treas., 6x Washington Street, Chicago. 

Womkn'^ 8ki)ti^t >Ii^^ioi)kfy ^odety of tl\e ?kdifid Cok^t. 

Mrs. F. M. Conro, Cor. Sec., San Francisco. Mrs. M. E. Wattson, Treas., San Fnmdsco. 


I also give and bequeath to The American Baptist Missionary Union ^— dollars, for the purposes of the Union, ai 
specified in the Act of Incorporation. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the Treasurer of the 
said Union, their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in the Act of Incorporation. 


I also give, bequeath, and devise to The American Baptist Missionary Union, one certain lot of land with tbe build 
ings thereon standing {Aert dtscribt the prtmius with txactneu aud ^arttculartfy], to be held and possessed by tbe sam 
Union, their successors and assigns forever, for die purposes specified in the Act of Incorporation. 


Can be mailed direct from any Post-OflSce in the United States, at the following rates per hd^f-^tmcB : — 

BtniMAH, Assam, Madras, xo centt, vim Briadisi, Southampton, or German MaiL 

Japan, and Ningpoo, China, vim California, 5 oe&ts. 

bwATOw, China, xo cents. 

Bamkok, Siam, VMS Southampton, 97 centt, and 31 oentt vim Brindisi. 

EuaopBAN Lettbrs, 5 cents. 

Friends who may prefer to forward their letten dirough the Mtssiooary Rooms can enclose them, with the postage, in ai 
0are/ape durcted to F, A. Smith, Treasurer, Tremont Tempk, Boston, who will mah them with the oflScial correspondence. 





Vol. LVIL— JUNE, 1877— No. 6. 


The close of the last fiscal year, March 31, 1877, was anticipated by the officers 
itnd friends of the Missionary Union with painful anxiety. It was feared that an 
enormous deficit must be the inevitable result of the " hard time^;" and that deficit 
added to the debt of the previous year would make a burden which the Union could 
sat possibly carry, and at the same time answer the demands of its missions for the 
ensuing year of 1877-78. All through the last year, from month to month, there 
WM a falling behind of receipts, as compared with those of the same time in the year 
before; and when the month of Maich came in, the season of the year when more 
dan half the annual income of the Union is obtained, the most sanguine could not 
hope for more thanjhrty orffty thousand dollars to come into the treasury before 
fte near close of the year. 

The cry of '' hard times" was the discouraging response continually coming back 
from the churches all over the land, when urged to make their customary contribu 
tioD8 for foreign missions. Some replied that they could do nothing whatever for 
the work of the Union ; and others, that their offerings would necessarily be much 
ieis than in former years. The total of receipts in March, 1876, was $67,400 36, 
and those in March, 1877, could not be expected to be anything like as large as those 
in March, 1876. But to the surprise and joy of all, the closing month of the last 
fiscal year gave to the treasury of the Union $75,687 42 — an increase of $8,287 06 
over the amount given in March of the previous year. Our fears and unbelief have 
been rebuked. 

But with that large and gratifying result, the appropriations for the last year were 
not fully met. There was a deficit of $17,225 34. It will be seen that $92,912 76 
was the sum needed to cover thq expenditures ol the year just closed — exclusive of 
the old debt of over $30,000. If we add the new deficit of over $17,000 to the old 
debt, the Union will have to bear this year the burden of over $47,000. But there 
is hope of wiping out the deficit of $17,000 on or before the approaching anniver- 
sary meetings to be held in Providence. Some generous pledges are already made 
towards that deficit, on condition that the entire sum of $17,000 is provided for. 
We feel certain that there are brethren who will not sufter this spee\aV «iTvd d^%vt«kA& 




Ai Home and Abroad. 


effort to fail, now that it is so near a success. But how much more gratifying \ 
it be to deliver the Union from the entire burden of its indebtedness. What a 
•of joy it would send into the hearts of all the missionaries who are deeply am 
and are urgently pleading for more workers to come at once to their help, 
who will consult the Annual Report, soon to be in their hands, will see ho^ 
merous and pressing are the calls coming from all the fields of the Union for 
forcements and aggressive movements. We will not indulge fears, but have 
faith in God, whose favor has rested upon the work of the Missionary Union 
since its beginning, and often times in a most signal manner. 



[NOTE: We give below the address delivered by Mrs. 
Lutber at the last Annual Meeting of the Woman's Baptbt 
Missionary Society, in Boston, April i8 and 19. The startling 
facts presented, and the earnest appeal made by Mrs. Luther 
produced a profound and inefiaceable impression upon all who 
heard her. No one can read the address and jGtiil to be moved 
to a more vigorous effort in the work of Foreign Missions.] 

** Where shall we work?" This is the ques- 
tion which comes before us to-day. The an- 
swer is ** Go ye into all the world and preach 
the Gospel to every creatiu^.'' But ** all the 
world " is a wide field, you say. Then, I an- 
swer, there is all the more need for us to use 
our utmost endeavors to cover the field with 
earnest workers, so that no part of it may be 

Are we doing this ? Or are we centralizing 
our efforts so as to ** do great things " where we 
are working, and giving over large portions of 
the field to weeds and brambles? 

The admirable paper which has just been 
read, sets forth the necessity. of our working 
according to two principles ; first, where there 
is the greatest need ; second, where there is 
the least effort. Now no one can doubt that 
the ** greatest need" is to be found among nine 
hundred millions who have never heard of 
Christ, rather than among forty millions, a part 
of whom are already professed Christians. 

The only question which then remains is, as 
to ** comparative effort." 

In the United States we have forty-one pow- 
erful organizations for the proclamation of the 
Gospel, and for special christian work in this 
country alone; viz., eighteen Home Mission 
Societies, Hve Freedmen's Societies, two Bible 

Societies, eight Ministerial Education Soci 
ten Religious Publication Societies. 

On the other hand there are in the U 
States cnly seventeen societies for Foreign 
sion work. 

The contrast becomes more glaring wh( 
consider that these seventeen Foreign Mis 
ary societies represent the entire effort of / 
ican Christians for the evangelization of 
hundred millions of heathen ; while the 1 
one societies for home work do not claim 
more than a portion of the work annually 
formed among the forty millions of inhabi 
of this enlightened land. 

Nearly every state has in it organization 
christian work within its own limits. The 
Conventions, State Sunday-School Unions, 
Bible Societies, and State Young Men's C 
tian Associations are earnestly and succes: 
engaged in cultivating the waste places, 
supplementing the more limited, and yet : 
ful efforts of the individual churches scat 
throughout each commonwealth. 

Furthermore, each city, town and villaj 
supplied with more churches than are st 
necessary for the church-going portion o 

Few of them are more than half fille 
Sunday, and they are not empty because 
people cannot, but because they will not con 

In the village of B., where I reside, we 
less than three thousand inhabitants. A 
six hundred of these are Catholics. Of tfc 
mainder six or eight hundred go to no cl- 
whatever. Is it because they do not know 


At Home and Abrodd. 


arc four Ph-otestant churches in the place, 
J one of which they would be welcomed, 
here, !f need be, they would be given a 
itting? Every family has been invited and 

to attend the services of some church. 

children have been invited to every one 

1 six Sunday Schools, and whole families 
been clothed and otherwise assisted, in 
sUn hope that in return for all this outlay of 
y and effort, they would gratify the donors 
ming to their church. 

cs a new femily move into town ? How 
ly are they visited and invited to •* come to 
:hurch.'' You should see, as I have done, 
rest-fallen look of a zealous church worker 
dng informed by the new family, that they 
already been visited, and secured for an- 
rould, by no means, ridicule these earnest 

2 to fill the vacant pews in ** our church ," 
increase the attendance on ** our Sunday 
ol ;" but I refer to them merely to show 
fiilly these church fields are cultivated. 
y church has its Sunday School, and some 

mission schools in addition. 
B. we have four Protestant Sunday Schools 
ding ample accommodation for every child 
t village ; but some of our faithful workers 
o fear^ that they have not done all their 
in sustaining these four schools, that they 
established two mission schools in the out- 
s of the village, where by dint of much 
iog, numerous Christmas trees, picnics, 
sther entertainments, there are gathered a 
dozen children who could just as well come 
le other schools. 

IT be it from me to decry this effort or to 
it needless. Would that these faithfnl 
:ers, in addition to all they are doing, could 
time and strength to go to every house once 
nday, and brush the dust off the neglected 
s, and read to, and pray with, those who 
not read and pray for themselves. 
It when one of these devoted, but near- 
ted Christians comes to me and says, you 
[iving too much for Foreign Missions ; why, 
iiurches in our village are giving $500 every 
for the heathen ; that is enormous ; charity 
OS at home. We should not send bread to 
rs when our own children are starving. 

Just look at the ignprance and vice right here in 
our midst. I reply Yes, we are giving $500 
for the conversion and education of nine hun- 
dred millions ; but we are paying in the three 
items of school tax, ministers^ salaries, and 
Sunday-School expenses, no less than $15,400, 
for the benefit of the less t han three thousand 
inhabitants of our village. In other words, we 
are giving one two hundred-thousandth of one 
cent for the conversion of each heathen who 
has never heard of Christ, and five dollars 
for each heathen here, who has a Bible in his 
house, a Free Library, where he can go daily 
and read, four churches and six Sun<iay Schools 
within a mile of his home, and some six or eight 
hundred earnest Christians all around him, from 
any one of whom he could learn the way of life 
if he were to be deprived of all other means. 

These figures appear startling, but all I ask 
is that you will kindly take paper and pencil, 
and set down first the population of the place 
in which you live; then add up the various 
sums spent in your town for ministers' salaries, 
Sunday School expenses, and educational work, 
and divide this result by the number of inhabi- 
tants, and put the quotient by itself. Then add 
together the contributions of the various churches 
for Foreign Missions, and divide this sum by 
nine hundred millions. Compare the two quo- 
tients, and then let these words nng in your 
ears, ** This ought ye to have done, and not to 
have left the other undone." 

Does some one say, You should not take an 
insignificant little village among the Green 
Mountains as an example. If you would come 
to our town or city you would have to make dif- 
ferent estimates. Perhaps I might, but I think 
I could find a similar proportion. If you give 
more for Foreign Missions, you will probably 
find that your home expenses are larger than 
ours ; and I doubt if under the most favorable 
circumstances, you can bring the proportion up 
to one cent for each heathen abroad, to Jive dol- 
lars for each unbeliever in your town. 

But let us take a more comprehensive view. 
1 find according to the latest general statistics, 
the churches of America, of every evangelical 
denomination gave, in one year, a little over two 
millions of dollars ; and the churches of Great 
Britain a little over thrte mVWvotvs ol d!c^^ax%^ 


At Home and Abroad. 


for Foreign Mission work. Add to this the 
amounts given in Germany and other Protestant 
countries, and we will have about five and one- 
half millions ; but we will call the whole amount 
six millions of dollars. This sum appears ^^ast, 
but it dwindles into obscurity when compared 
with the numbers among whom it must be dis- 
tributed. This allows six-tenths of one cent 
per year for the evangelization of each heathen 
man and woman ; to carry the Gospel half-way 
round the globe, to support missionaries, to pay 
for printing Bibles and educational books, to 
support schools and school teachers, who may 
teach the ignorant heathen to merely read the 
Word of God, not to furnish them such an edu- 
cation as is given to our children ; six-tenths of 
one cent to do all this for each individual hea- 

Take this thought home to your heart, O 
christian mother ! Your babe lies in your arms. 
It is God's best, sweetest gift to woman. How 
would yoii feel if you were rendered incapable 
of doing anything save to feed and clothe your 
darling child, and six-tenths of a cent per year 
was all that you could depend upon to furnish 
mental, moral, and spiritual training to that 
precious one ? 

Or, supposing what is far more likely, that 
your home was in China, where there is one 
christian minister to two millions of people, 
and your babe must live to grow up, grow old, 
and die, before the good news of salvation had 
even reached your village. Your heart recoils 
from the mere supposition of such a horrible 
fete ; yet that which I have only supposed with 
reference to you, is the actual condition of your 
sisters in heathen lands. 

But some one may say, ** This view of the 
comparative destitution of the home and foi- 
eign fields is true only of the more favored 
eastern section of our country. We admit that 
in the Eastern and Middle States the churches 
are divided and sub-divided and multiplied, un- 
til the only question is. as to which can offer 
the greatest inducements in the way of a costly 
church edifice, eloquent preaching, artistic smg- 
ing and so on, by which men may be enticed to 
come to its services. 

We admit that most villages have from three 
to six churches, each one engaged in an un- 

healthy, and oftentimes, unholy rivalry ^ 
sister churches, to maintain a bare exis 
so that if five thousand ministers of the < 
were sent to-day from these towns and vi 
the churches remaining would thrive betl 
they would be more liberally supports 
more unitedly sustained. An^ we adm 
that the inhabitants of these towns woul 
have a pure Gospel offered them from tho' 
of pulpits and Sunday Schools, and the 
would still be left in their homes. We 
that the work of salvation would proba 
ceive no check from the dispersion of thi 
body of christian ministers, for they wo 
where each man might have an undisputc 
ish of one hundred thousand souls, inst 
keeping up a constant warfare to preve 
five or six hundred from straying into the 
other folds open on every side to receive 
We admit all this with reference to the E 
and Middle States; but — look at the 
West I There, in some sections, the ch 
are two hundred miles apart ! Is not that 
destitution ? 

I reply. Not if there are no dwellinj 
tween those churches. We must not be 
by statements of so many churches to si 
area, or church edifices so many miles 
Churches were meant for men and wome 
for square miles, or for acres of uninli 
prairie land; and I maintain that a < 
placed every one hundred miles, in som 
tions of the great West, would sup^/ly the 
lation more adequately, than a church eve 
miles in China would provide the Gospel 
crowded inhabitants. 

Permit me to quote from one who w 
years a zealous and successful Home M 
ary. ** Cheyenne," he says, ** with a popi 
of fifteen hundred, has four Protestant 
ters. Laramie, with one thousand inhab 
has four Protestant ministers. In the ne\ 
of Greely, there are already six church c 
zations. Another town west of the M 
with less than two thousand people, h 
Protestant ministers. In another towp 
twenty-five hundred people, ei^ mi 
struggle for a foothold ; and so it is in 
places; and this in a country where a) 
hear of Christ, where there are five milli 


At Home and Abroad. 


ans to preach Christ to the masses, where 
3ugh the needy West five denominations 
ing with each other in the work of preach- 
e Gospel." 
laptist home missionary' writes from Col- 

** Our hardest field now, is Pueblo ; and 
imply because we are two years behind the 
denomiuations in occupying \V 
lould like to say to that home missionary, 

do you here in a field already occupied 
reral bands of soldiers fighting manfully 
e truth? What matters it to you whether 
ironounce Shibboleth with your accent or 

They are fighting for the same Master, 
rinning jewels for the same crown. Stay 
ere to dispute with theni possession of a 
icres of ground, while in the distance 
fs soldiers are suffering defeat, and His 
.stained banner is trailing in the dust. 

and away! Here the victory is certain, 
:re we have a vast and well-organized army 
Ulions of soldiers, commanded by forty 
and generals. Forty-one heavy batteries 
dllery, are sending over five millions of 
rs' worth of shot and shell into the enemy's 
ichment annually. On the standards you 
ice, *• Home Mission," •• Freedman's Aid," 
>lc," ••Publication," ''Church Extension," 
listeria! Education," •* State Convention," 

iday-School Union," ** Young Men's 
itian Association." Right nobly do they 

bole companies of sharp-shooters are mow- 
own the ranks of ignorance and supersti- 

by millions of papers and periodicals 
1 go right into the heart of the enemy's 
. Six hundred military schools are train- 
ecruits for this army, and thousands of 
d artisans are preparing keen weapons 
mighty missiles to fill the arsenals and 
zines that crown every hill-top. Stay not 

O soldier of the cross, to dispute with 
brother-soldiers, not as to whether yonder 
iiall be taken, but as to who shall be first 
lie the wall. 
> and away to yonder battle-field, where a 

company of men are struggling against 
d odds. They cannot range themselves 
ttle array, for they are too few. Some are 
Dg in companies of three and four, and 

with what weapons? The best armed among 
them have only fiint-lock muskets and rusty 
swords, while others are literally standing 
alone, confronting millions of the enemy, — 
they armed with their keen Damascus blades, 
while the lone warrior has naught but a single 
pair pf hands. 

God help him ! and God help other brave 
men of that '* forlorn hope," who stand single 
handed and alone against the hosts of evil. 
They have called for re-inforcements. They 
have begged for weapons and ammunition. 
Some of theni are even without that sword 
which should be in every warrior's hand, 
'» God's printed Word." 

The enemy presses hard. The soldier of the 
Cross is wounded by many a keen thrust. The 
life-blood is fast ebbing away. Will no one go 
to the rescue ? Will no one snatch the droop- 
ing banner from those trembling hands, and 
whisper to that faint, discouraged heart that 
the brethren at home have not forgotten him, 
but are sending him re-inforcements, not by 
ones or twos, but by scores and thousands. 

We all remember what a thrill went through 
our country when President Lincoln called for 
600,000 more to do battle for the country. Did 
our brave men falter, or say, *• there is so much 
to be done at home ; ploughing, sowing, gath- 
ering our precious crops, caring for our cattle, 
and attending to the wants of our families? 
They never stopped to ask who was to do the 
work at home. They never waited to feel 
perfectly sure that ** they were consecrated 
enough," nor to argue the point as to which 
was the most important, to obey their country's 
call, or to join the ** Home Guards." No ! 
They left all ; said ** good-bye" to wife and lit- 
tle ones ; ah ! it was a last •• good-bye " to 
some, and they hastened to follow their coun- 
try's flag into the bloody battle-plain, singing 
as they went, — 


We are coming, Father Abraham, 
Six hundred thousand more. 

Oh sisters, mothers, where is this spirit of 
loyalty to the death, in the army of the Lord ? 
Burning brightly in the hearts of a few, I grant ; 
but would we could see this country stirred to 
its depths with the song : — 


At Home and Abroad. 



We are coming Blessed Saviour, 

Six hundred thousand more. 
From Mississippi's winding stream, 

And from New England's shore ; 
We'll leave our ploughs and work-shops. 

Our friends and homes so dear, 
With hearts too full for utterance, 

And but a single tear. * 

Oh ! we dare not look behind us, 

But steadfastly before ; 
We are coming Blessed Saviour, 

With six hundred thousand more." 

Finally, my sisters, let me urge you not to 
do one dollar less for Home Missions, nor to 
relax a single effort in the home field, but to do 
more for the foreign field. 

All I ask is, that the Christians of America 
do as much in proportion for each heathen 
sunk in total darkness as they do for each 
heathen in this land of gospel light and privi- 
lege. What this would lead us to do for 
Foreign Missions we can easily discover by 
reference to our statistical reports. 

I find that the united contributions of the 
eighteen Home Missions and five Freedmen's 
Societies amounted in one year to four hundred 
thousand dollars more than the united income 
of the seventeen Foreign Mission Societies in 
our land ; but, for the sake of illustration, we 
will call the amounts equal. Let us now com- 
pare the extent of the two fields. In heathen 
lands there are nine hundred millions who have 
never heard of Christ, and who must receive 
this gospel from your hands or not at all. On 
the other hand, our own country has a popula- 
tion of about forty millions. Of these, five 
millions are Roman Catholiqs, and more or less 
removed from Protestant influence . Over seven 
millions of the remainder are Protestant church 

Of the remaining twenty-eight milllions, at 
least one-half live, as I have shown, where 
Gospel light is so abundant that they have to 
maintain a constant system of dodging to keep 
out of its way. Fifteen millions, then, are all 
that can be claimed as the legitimate field 
oi Home Mission effort. Now, if the same 
^ V_^imt is given yearly to both Home and Far- 
Missionary Societies^ the proportion is as 
♦o carry the Gospel to each heathen 

on the other side of the globe, and sixty < 
to carry the same Gospel to each heat 
our own land. This estimate makes no 
ance for the greater expense of maintainit 
sions in foreign lands, nor for the many 
ful aids to the Home Mission work hen 
if we compare merely these two direct ag( 
viz.. Home Mission and Foreign Mission 
/i>j, we find that we must do sixty ti\ 
much as we have done, ere we reach an 
like a true proportion. 

1 appeal to the State and Associationi 
retaries. Is it not time that we waked 
this matter, and that we waked up the \ 
of the churches under our care ? 

Wake the women up, and trust them t( 
up the men ! Go around and tell them the 
of the work, and impart some of your ow 
nestness to them. Tell them to sing no 

" There were ninety and nine that safely 
In the shelter of the fold, 
But one was out on the hills away, 
Far off from the gates of gold." 

But tell them to sing, 

" There was one fair lamb that safely lay 
In the shelter of the fold, 

And ninety and nine on the hills away. 
Far off from the gates of gold." 

I know some of you, and I know tha 
hearts and sympathies are thoroughly e 
in this work, but you are easily discou 
You find a lack of interest, an absorpt 
home duties and in church-work. You a 
constantly, as I have been, with the pie 

** Oh, I give what I have to give to Hon 
sions. I am not interested in Foreigi 
sions. I prefer to give my money when 
see the result." You believe too implid 
cry of " hard times," not noting the feet t 
work of retrenchment generally begin 
the Lord's House, and if it ever reaches 
comforts and luxuries at all, it is not till 
waded knee-deep through Foreign \ 
subscriptions, Home Mission donation 
church expenses. 

I heard once of a man who excused \ 
from giving to the Lord's cause, because 
lost $20,000 that year. On inquiring, w< 
that he had expected to realize from his 


A Morning at Thongzai, 


id, at least $50,000 ; but owing to *' hard 
* he had only cleared $30,000 ; so he had 
0,000 ! And so this poor man could not 
10 for a charitable purpose. 
h. of this cry of hard times means just as 
as this lest $20,000; not all, however. 
: God ! there are some loyal hearts, like 
»ted, but sadly stricken sister in Vermont, 
iom I beg your prayers to-day. 
t winter her husband died. She has no 
sn, and no near relatives who can care for 
After her husband^s death it was discov- 
bat her home was mortgaged to its full 
There was left a life-insurance policy 
00 ; but on inquiry it was found that the 
mce Company had failed a few weeks pre- 
to his death. And yet, thb widow sends 
>llar into your treasury this spring, liter- 
•ne of her last dollars. May God bless 
ollar, and may He who has said ** Let thy 
rs trust in Me,^ place beneath that stricken 
in His everlasting arms ! 
conclusion, allow me to read a translation 
irly literal as possible of a letter received 
iss Higby, one of your faithful missiona- 
while she was in this country, resting for 
e while, previous to renewed effort for the 
:n of Burmah. The letter is from ana- 
hnstian girl, and is as follows : — 
)ear teacher, for many nights, sleep has/ 
isitcd my eyes, but my pillow is wet with 

tears, and during the day I have no rest for my 
thoughts ; and why am I so full of thought by 
day, and why is my pillow wet with tears at 
night? Dear teacher, we have heard news 
which makes our hearts sad. We have heard 
that the Christian women in America are tired 
of sending money to print Bibles, and tired of 
sending teachers to teach us about God. And 
since this rumor came to our ears, We have had 
no rest. Dear teacher, the teachers who are with 
us have been here many years, and they are 
not strong in body as they once were, and we 
have looked for a teacher from America, to 
come and help them, until our eyes are blind 
with watching, and no one has come. And 
thus, dear teacher, in my trouble I thought of 
you, and I remembered you were in your own 
country to rest a little, and I thought you 
would know the hearts of the Christian women 
in America, and thus I have written to you, to 
know if it is true that the Christians are tired 
of sending us money, and tired of sending us 
teachers to help us ? 

Dear teacher will you ask the christian 
women in your country still to be patient with 
us, and to help us until we are able to go alone ; 
for we have not yet the whole of God's Word 
printed, and we are like littie children, and we 
cannot yet walk alone." 



re comes a man to hear about our religion, 
do you wish to know, my friend? " I 
know. I have heard a little here, and a 
there, and down in my heart I feel that 
ray is the right one, but I don^t know what 

epeated the history of Jesus Christ, and 
An listened very attentively, and then he 
d, " I feel very sure that this is the right 
but mamma, I cannot stir. All of my life- 
[ have gone with my people, and now what 
do all alone? Ah! I am very confused, 
tell me that Aremada-yah will come, and 

he will save^ but my father did not reach to 
him, and so it may be with me." I talked a 
little more with him, and then he went away. 
Another man has come ; I met him at the stall 
this morning. '* I have come as I promiied, 
teacheress." "Well, have you remembered 
the words of the morning?" *♦ Yes, but when 
I met the Roman Catholic priest, he told me 
that there was a great many kinds of religion, 
and I must hear him, so I will go and listen to 
him this afternoon. But I like all you tell me 
about the God who existed before man. There 
must be a law-giver, and I shall never worship 


A Morning at Thongzai. 


idols again, and I think I shall not give offer- 
. ings to the priest ; but when I said this to a 
man on the road, he told me that the Christians 
collected money, and called it an offering to the 
Eternal God.^^ 1 explained this to the man, but 
he said he could not understand it. ** Christ 
died for sinners, and yet he told the people to 
give money for the cause, and that a cup of wa- 
ter would receive its reward." The eyes of his 
understanding are not opened, and after a 
couple of hours he went away, taking a few 

A woman has come. Hear what she will say. 
•* Have you any Pain Killer? My boy has cut 
his foot ; your medicine once cured my brother 
in two days so that he went about his work. I 
came for this, but I want to see those big pic- 
tures . The women who came the other day say 
they understand your doctrines much better 
since they saw Jesus and the man out of the 
grave, and those blind and deaf people. If he 
was down here now, I suppose he could heal 
my son without any medicine. I wish I could 
read, but I have so much work to do that I can- 
not learn now. Perhaps my boy will come to 
your school next year. How old are you, and 
have you any parents? I wish I was white. 
Was Jesus white ? Are you not hot with all 
those clothes?" ** Listen, my friend, while I 
read this book through. Drink this water, and 
smoke there by the door, if you cannot live 
without it. Try and keep your mind on what 1 
read, and after I have finished this book I will 
show you the big j^ictures, and that ^ass yon- 
der, where you can see my country and the peo- 
ple." I read the book through, though I was 
several times disturbed by the woman; who 
broke out now and then, and said she wanted 
to see my feet, and wanted to know what was 
behind the curtain, and how I could live without 
a cigar. Still, on the whole, she was a pretty se- 
rious-minded woman, and said she had no doubt 
but what the book said was true. She had long 
since lost her faith in their system, for they 
had no God, and her uncle, who was a priest, 
had read our books, and liked them so well 
that he had left his monastery. She took two 
books and promised to come again. 

Here come some girls ; they have been in our 
schools, and we wUl hear what they say. They 

have brought me some flowers. One o 
can read, and I will have her read thi 
book, and will ask her if she can still 
the Lord's Prayer. 

She has forgotten all of the Command 
but she can repeat much of the Old Tes 
history down to Joseph, and she can gi 
history of Christ. She has not been in th 
pie since she left school, but she thinks s 
never overcome the temptation of going 
stage performance. She asks for a need! 
has stuck it in her back hair. She mi 
home and pound out rice, so I will give 
book. I think some of the good seed has 
root in her heart, and somfc time when 
dead and gone, she may be a christian n 

Here come several men and women 
have often been here, and I shall have a 
ant time with them. The tall man woul 
to be baptized, but he cannot promise t 
will keep our Sabbath if his work is pn 
and his own soul has no special love f 

This is God's book. **This is God's 1 
he said to a man at the door, •* come i 
listen ;" see now, he has turned to the 
chapter of Matthew. He asked me abo 
lilies the other day, and 1 was pleased t< 
one in one of my pictures to show hinr 
tells that man that he has been trying to 
two masters, but he will henceforth serv 
** And that one, who, please? " ** Tah w; 
Piuh, the eternal God," he replies. ** Doi 
believe me, mamma? " 

Here comes one of the preachers, a 
must preach and read to the men, and 
call the pastor's wife, and we will ha 
women. Here comes a company of timbe 
They have broken their contract, and 1 
help our men to secure our money ; here 
some carts with our house-posts. If we < 
attend to this work, they will drop the po 
from our house plot. One of the pre 
must talk with these women too, and I m 
with these workmen. It is not all Bibh 
here, it is a little of everything. We i 
large share of patience and perseveranc 
all the virtues, for Satan comes to us as ^ 
to these heathen. 


From Mandelay to Bhamo. 




BbamO, Dec.3 5, 1876. 

left Mandelay on the i6th inst., and ar- 
here on the 22d. After leaving the royal 
id steaming up the river a few miles, the 
er stopped a couple of hours at Mingoon, 
e x-isited the celebrated Mingoon Pagoda, 

by King Mentaragyee about 1776, but 
ifinished on account of some unfavorable 
rtions made to the King. It is about two 
ed and fifty feet on each side, and one 
ed feet high, and was designed to rise to 
eight of five hundred feet. At some time 
rthquake has rent this solid mass of brick- 
from top to bottom. Near by is the cele- 
i great bell, weighing ninety tons, and 
bly next in size to the great bell at Mos- 

A party of ten or more persons can be 
imodated comfortably inside of it. The 

from which it was suspended has been 
Q by the immense weight, and the bell is 
►rted by large wooden blocks placed under- 

ils rim. This prevents it from giving 
ound when it is struck. 


e steamer stopped at only a few places, 
one of these was a small island crowned 
1 Kyoung. In the water near this island 
w the tame fishes, which all Burmans re- 
is sacred. By calling ** tit tit," and throw- 
)me rice into the water, a number of large 
irust their heads out of the water, ready 
k'our whatever may be thrown to them. 


two places the river for some miles is 
icd in by hills which compress the stream 
nuch narrower limits than it has elsewhere. 
cse two defiles, and particularly in the up- 
nc, the scenery is very beautiful and even 
I. After entering the upper defile, the vil- 
are generally stockaded to resist the raids 
c Ka Chins from the mountains. The vil- 
are largely Shan, although many Burmans 
)und among them. On the banks we at 
rent times saw groups of Ka Chins. 


On our arrival at Bhamo Mr. Adams, of the 
China Inland Mission, came on board the 
steamer to welcome us. We accompanied him 
to Dr. Harvey's house, where we ^i»ere wel- 
comed warmly, and invited to be guests. We 
then went about Bhamo, visiting the different 
zayats, to decide upon some place for a tempo- 
rary residence. The only zayat available was a 
smaU, ding)' one near the river-bank, to which 
we decided to remove the next day. I then 
visited the Woon (Burman governor), and gave 
him my royal order. He received me very affa- 
bly, and seemed to be rather better disposed 
than many of his rank with whom I have had 


Saturday night Messrs. Stevenson and Soltan 
returned from the Ka Chin mountains, just 
after we were somewhat settled in our zayat. 
Mr. Stevenson has possession of a zayat in a 
much more eligible position than the one which 
we occupy. He has tendered the use of it to 
us, and we shall remove there in a day or so. 
The zayat is admirably situated for reaching 
the people, being on the main street ; and as 
our work will be among the Shans and Burmese, 
we are very glad to get a place where the peo- 
ple will be passing constantly. 


Yesterday we had visits fi^om many people, 
mostly Shan. Within the city the Shans whom 
we have met speak Burmese very well, but the 
Shans from outside speak it less and less the 
farther they reside from the city. Bhamo has 
a very mixed population, as a city in its posi- 
tion would have naturally, being the centre of 
all the trade for a large region round about, as 
well as for China. Not only Shans and Bur- 
mans, but Chinese and some Ka Chins, and the 
representatives of other mountain tribes, live 
within the stockade, although the Ka Chins 
are not allowed as a rule to remain over night 
within the city. The population of Bhamo is 


From Mandelay to Bhamo. 


not ver}' large, probably not amounting to many 
thousands; but its position in relation to the 
surrounding country is very important on ac- 
count of its central location. 


From what I saw coming up the river after 
entering the second defile, and since I have 
been in the city, and also from the testimony 
both of *the China Inland Missionaries residing 
here, and the English Political Agent, who are 
familiar with this region, I am certain that this 
city is a most important centre for the evangeli- 
zation of the Shans. The inhabitants of the 
district are principally Shans. Many Slian states 
lying northeast and southeast are accessible 
from Bhamo, and traders from them are con- 
stantly visiting the city. It is of the utmost 
importance that this station should be occupied. 
I propose to purchase some land as soon as I 
can find an eligible situation, and put up a bam- 
boo house until I can hear from you. I hope 
this will meet with your approbation, and if you 
will make an appropriation, I could purchase 
timber during the coming rains toward putting 
up a house, the rains being the only time that 
timber could be delivered in the city. Then 
when the new man promised to the Shan Mis- 
sion arrives, if not before, I can help him in 
the erection of a house before I return to Toun- 
goo. I beg you to send a man promptly next 
year. If you do call, I am sure a man willing 
for pioneer work will respond. This advance 
must not be allowed to ful. For Christ^s sake 
send a man for Bhamo. I shall write more fully 
by next mail, which I hope will not leave later 
than another fortnight. 


Just after writing the above, I was called 
away to Mr. Stevenson^s zayat. Providentially 
I was called just then, for what he said bears 
upon what I have written in a most important 
manner. The occupation of the Shan and Kah- 
Chin fields here at Bhamo, so far as the Ameri- 
can Baptist Missionary Union is concerned, 
depends upon your action this year, Mr. Stev- 
enson took the opportunity to assure me that if 
our Society refuse to send missionaries this 
year, the China Inland missionaries here feel 

that they must take possession ; and whib 
of them who understand Chinese go int 
nan, new men will come for Shan and Kal 
work. This will take from us one of the 
important parts of our work in Burma! 
seriously affect the Shan work. The Kal 
work also is of first importance. 


I trust that the Committee will feel t 
treme urgency of the case, and support tl 
vance movement at Bhamo by sendin 
requisite two new men. It is a genuine ac 
movement, an aggression most imperati 
stand by the station until relieved next ai: 
It is no light thing for me to do, for the 
work on the Toungoo side must not be 
doned. It would be a sin. Therefore 
Cushing returns to do all she can there, t( 
the Shan work advancing. May it be yo 
work to find out some men for this stall 
will stay with them until they are settle 
started in their work, then do as I said 
last letter, work at Toungoo on the Scrij 
and do general work, until the Scriptur 
advanced enough for me to go to Mone s 
tablish a mission there. Everything i 
crisis depends on you. Help, for Christ's 

Bhamo« Jan. 

The dialect spoken here differs more « 
from the Shan spoken in the Central and \ 
em States. Here in Bhamo and the ad 
district, the Shan is almost identical wit 
spoken below. The farther towards CI 
person lives, the more dialectic differences 
themselves in his speech. Yet we have 
scarcely a man or woman who did not i 
stand our preaching, and the reading 
Shan books. 


The written character is the same in 
as that which we use, the only difference 
that our letters are constructed on the \ 
pie of the circle, while theirs are const 
on the principle of the diamond. But th 
little difficulty in reading both forms whe: 
one of them has been learned, although : 


Woman's Baptist Missionary Society, 


here seems to be much difference in the 
1 appearance of a page. This modifica- 
r the alphabetic forms among the north- 
lans is due to Chinese influence, I think. 
s missionary coming here after a short 
ould become familiar easily with both the 
d character, and the character in use here, 
1 as with those points where there are dia- 


;lieve if you would for a year or two make 
ancc in Burmah," the watchword, it would 
nth warm response in many of the churches. 
>naries of other societies are astonished 
be Union has neglected this great field to 
m extent in these later years, to scatter 
*rgies in new fields. Indeed the mission- 
here say that evidently the American Bap- 

tists intend to give up Burmah as their great 
field and unless there is a speedy change, they 
shall appeal to England for missionaries to the 
Ka-Chins and Shans, and fully endorse any 
English missionaries in taking possession of 
lower or uppei^ Burmah. It makes my soul 
grieve beyond measure to see the work in this 
land, the result of so much hard labor, just as 
it is ready to be abundantly fruitful, pass into 
the hands of others, who will reap the fruit 
which might be ours for a more Scriptural 
church than theirs. Tak^ up Burmah once 
more, and send us not only two men for Bhamo, 
but also take up some of the most important 
places where it is possible for missionaries to 
live in Upper Burmah. There is no hindrance 
here so far as having people to listen is con- 
cerned . Only at the Capital and near it, b there 
such fear as to hinder greatly. 


e sixth annual meeting of this society 
;d on Tuesday, April 17th, at 10.45, i>^ 
[eionaon, Tremont Temple, Boston, with 
ional exercises conducted by the Presi- 

Mrs. Gardner Colby, and Mrs. Stephen 
I, of New York. After words of cordial wel- 
to the delegates from abroad by the Presi- 
Committees on Enrollment and Nomina- 
f Ofiicers were appointed, and the Annual 
rts of the Home and Foreign Departments, 
if the Treasurer, were read and accepted. 
Treasurer's Report showed that the re- 
es of the Society for the year were $37,- 

5. Lyman Jewett, of the Teloogoo Mis- 
was introduced, and in a most interest- 
Idress gave some account of the country, 
tanners and customs, and the religion of 
ighteen millions of the Teloogoo people. 

forms a great obstacle to the progress of 
gospel among them, but the women are 
mmured in zenanas, as are many of the 
:n of India. Christianity and education 
go hand in hand among this people, for 
onverts need training, in order to labor 

the afternoon session, Miss Curtis of 
», and Mrs. Whiting of Connecticut, 

spoke of the methods employed and the work 
done in their respective states. Then Mrs. E. 
W. Clark, of .the Assam Mission, gave a deep- 
ly interesting account of the hill-tribes of 
Assam. In that country the women of the 
wealthy classes are secluded, and the gospel 
can only be carried to them by women. There 
is more need of helpers than there was five 
years ago. Missionaries are entirely depend- 
ent on the laborers in the home-field. 

Mrs. Albert Bowker, President of the Wo- 
man^s Board of Missions, presented the salu- 
tations of that body. Miss J. C. Bromley of 
New Hampshire, and Miss E. F. McAllister of 
Maine, who are under appointment as mission- 
aries, were introduced, and spoke briefly of 
their interest in the work which they were to 
undertake. A letter was read from Miss M. 
M. Day, daughter of the late Rev. S. S. Day, 
the founder of the Teloogoo Mission, who is 
under appointment to labor in that Mission. 
Mrs. A. C. Kendrick, Mrs. J. B. Colgate, Mrs. 
Stephen Smith, and Mrs. G. A. Potter, gave 
facts relating to the work in the State of New 

On Tuesday evening, after a collation kind- 
ly furnished by friends of the Society, the mem- 
bers of the Board, ^tVi xYit ^\aX^ ?itv^ N&^c^cva^- 


Woman's Baptist Missionary Society. 


tional Secretaries, and other ladies who have 
been prominent in the work of the Society, as- 
sembled in the vestry for conference in regard 
to the work of the coming year. The Secre- 
tary, Mrs. Hovey, stated that the sums includ- 
ed in requests of missionaries, necessarily post- 
poned, now amounted to $35,000, and added 
statistics showing the probable number of wo- 
men in the churches of each State in the home- 
field of the Society, with the amount contrib- 
uted by each State. These figures indicated 
that in no State did more than one-third of 
the women in the churches contribute to our 
treasury, while in most of them the proportion 
was much smaller. A free conference fol- 
lowed, in which man}^ of the ladies participated, 
making inquiries and offering practical sugges- 
tions, derived in part from their own experi- 

In the session of Wednesday morning the 
nominating committee reported the names of 
the following ladies for officers of the society ; 
and they were duly elected : — 

Mrs. Gardner Colby, Newton Centre. 

Vice President, 
Mrs. J. N. Murdock, Boston. 

Miss S. C. Durfee, Providence, R. I. 

Corresponding Secretary, 
Mrs. Alvah Hovey, Newton Centre. 

Mrs. J. M. S. Williams, Boston. 

Mr. Albert Vinal. 


Mrs. Thomas Nickerson, Miss A. L. Pierce, 
Mrs. H. S. Chase, Mrs. S. P. Hill, 

Mrs. A. J. Loud, Mrs. S. B. Swain, 

Mrs. J. Lincoln, Mrs. A. Shipley, 

Mrs. A. W. Benton, Mrs. J. S. Paine, 

Mrs. J. D. Chaplin. * 

The Committee on Enrollment reported 284 
names. Of these persons 5 were from Maine, 

8 from New Hampshire, 2 from Vermon 
from Massachusetts, 30 from Rhode Islai 
from Connecticut, 5 from New York, 3 
New Jersey, and i each from Iowa, Da 
and New Brunswick. 

Miss Clarke spoke of the kind attentii 
the New York and Brooklyn Commit! 
Hospitality to Missionaries, bestowed 
several parties of missionaries returning 
or going abroad ; and the thanks of the S 
to that Committee were cordially voted. 

Mrs. B. P. Baker, of New York, read 
ute to the memory of Mrs. T. C. Doreir 
New York, the founder and late Presid- 
the Woman's Union Missionary Societ} 
Mrs. James B. Porter, late President < 
Rutland (Vt.) Missionary Association. 
Stephen Smith, of New York, and Mrs. 
bridge, of Providence, gave pleasant rei 
cences of Mrs. Doremus, and a resolutic 
adopted expressive of the Society's apj 
tion of her character and labors of the S 
with the general officers and the Boa 
Directors, by a rising vote. 

Mrs. J. M. S. Williams then read an 
prepared for the Society, entitled *M 
Shall We Labor ? " which set forth very c 
and forcibly the comparative number of i 
in this country and abroad, the compa 
number who have the gospel and who are 
rant of it, the comparative amount of r 
spent in religious work at home and at 
and the comparative necessity for se] 
organizations for work among women i 
own and in heathen lands. Mrs. R. M. I 
followed with an address of unusual inl 
presenting many facts and figures to sho\ 
much more thoroughly the home field is 
vated than the foreign. It was voted tha 
the essay and the address be printed foi 
eral circulation. 

Mrs. J. E. Taylor, State Secretary for 
sachusetts, Mrs. W. C. Butler, of New J 
and Mrs. W. H. Eaton, of New Hamp 
gave details of the work in their resp 

The children's meeting, on Wednesday 
noon, was conducted by Mrs. S. M. Wl 
Prayer was offered by Mrs. Colgate, of 
York. Mrs. Whiting addressed the cli 


Missionary Correspondence. 


on the manner in which they might obey 
tmmand, ** Go, teach all nations," and 
I several interesting incidents in connec- 
pith her own missionary labors. Mrs. 

Mrs. Jewett, and Mrs. Bixby, gave 
ses of much interest, and exhibited arti- 

dress, and described the customs of the 
, of India and Burmah, earnestly exhort- 
i children to believe in Jesus themselves, 
ley might be prepared to send the gospel 

Miss McAllister was introduced, and said 
some pleasant words to the children, quoting 
the hymn which had been sung, 

"Take my life, and let it be 
Consecrated, Lord, to Thee," 

as the expression of her feelings in entering on 
her life-work. 

The meeting closed with the h}Tnn, "Storm 
the Fort." 


gbsston to t^e Ipnrmans. 


Henthada, March 3, 1877. 

isiT FROM Mr. Haswell. — I am very busy 
w, but must take time to write you, as I know 
d others are anxious to hear from the work- 
Mr. Haswell came to make us a visit last 
«day. He found me with fever, the third at- 
Qce I returned to Henthada. We had made 
laments to have a morning prayer meeting for 
risiians, and evening street preaching for the 
D, and we had hoped much from Mr. Has- 
risiL We were all glad to see him, and have 
Ip us, but he had only attended one prayer 
g, and preached once in the open air, when 
an to cough so badly that he was obliged to 
Iking. I had not fully recovered from the 
>ut after he could not go to the prayer meet- 
made a great effort to ride down, and almost 
1 from exhaustion when I reached the place of 
but my presence encouraged the Christians, 
; had a very good meeting. The next mom- 
. Haswell was a little better, and wanted to 
tie meeting, but was not able to talk much, 
er that did not try to go again. Sunday he 
sd to the Christians, but it made him cough 
and that evening he was feverish, so he de- 
hat the best thing for him to do was to go 

day he took the steamer for Rangoon, and 
;with the meetings to keep up as best I could, 
en that short visit strengthened us and helped 
id wc were all very grateful for it. We have 
Qed the street preaching in the evening, and 
irly morning prayer meeting, both of which 
been much blessed to us. 

The following is Mrs. Bailey's account of her 

Conversations with the Heathen. — Permit 
me to tell you what our Bible says about those who 
worship idols. Then I repeated the passage about 
the image, " having eyes but see not, ears but 
hear not," etc., *' and those who worship them are 
like unto them," — then explaining how they were 
like unto them. In the midst of it one old man ex- 
claimed, " I like your talk, your wisdom, your style 
of living and dress, and all that, but I detest your 
religion." I replied, "Well, you like my way of 
living and dress, so all our ways are better than 
yours, our people are more civilized than yours, and 
why? Because we worship a God of intelligence, 
a God of love ; you worship a sticky and you get 
more and more stupid every day. Do you see this 
beautiful sewing on my jacket, and this embroidery 
that was done by a curious machine, the working of 
which has never entered into the mind of a Bur- 
man?" "Well, granted that your God is full of 
wisdom, and by worshiping Him your wisdom is in- 
creased, where did sin come from? Did the Lord 
permit it?" "Yes, the Lord permits it, and He is 
mightier than the prince of sin." Very well, then, 
" if He b mightier than Satan, why did He not kill 
Satan with one blow, and let us all be free? " 

I told him that was a question that many had 
asked, but we could not understand all of God's plans 
or intentions. It may be in the end that His glory will 
be all the more manifest by conquering the Devil. 
" Will He ever conquer him? " " Yes, he will in his 
own time and way. If I should show you the ma- 
chine by which this dress ¥ras made, you could not 
understand it at all, but there it is, a fact which you 
are bound to accept." 

" Well, if there is one mistake in your Bible, that 
makes the whole of no value." " But this is not a 
mistake, it is simply omx VnalcyCiAX:) Vo >x\A^rsXAxA. 


Missionary Correspondence. 


Suppose a chicken could talk, and should by chance 
step into the fire you made to cook your dinner by, 
the chicken would most likely say, 'what did he want 
to make that fire for?' It would not, it could not 
understand all your plans, and we are farther sepa- 
rated from God in our intelligence than the lowest 
animals are from us." 

Then they were quiet for a while, and I told them 
how much God loved us, though we were so low and 
sinful ; how He had given us a perf)ect law, which 
we had all broken ; then He g^ve His only Son to 
us that we might be saved ; and contrasted our hopes 
of life with theirs. ** Your religion teaches that you 
are to be an animal, and if you don't behave your- 
self as an animal, you are to go down, down the 
scale, and on and on for an endless round of exist- 
ences, while our religion teaches very simply and 
plainly that if we trust in Christ we shall be saved ; 
if we reject Him we shall be lost." The old man 
who said he detested oiu* religion looked up, and with 
a smiling face said, " Oh ! is that it? By trusting in 
Christ can you have a happy life, and stop this tur- 
moil of life and death, and death and life? " " Yes 
you can. " His face lit up, and he said, " That is 
clear and plain ; I like that, oh, I like that, if I could 
only believe it, but I can't believe it." He repeated 
again, " If I could only believe it ; but I must be- 
lieve my own religion, which my forefathers be- 
ieved." " But suppose your forefathers were wrong ?'" 
" Well, if they were wrong I will be, too ; I can't 
leave the way of my ancestors." I looked at him 
aud said, " Grandfather, what kind of a head-dress 
is that you have on ? " He looked up as if to ss j, 
what has that to do with religion, but he answered, 
" It is a silk one." " Well, did your forefathers wear 
silk head-dresses? " *' No, they wore cotton ones." 
" Why did you leave that custom ? " " Because a 
silk head-dress is better, prettier, and lasts longer.* 
" Ah," I said, " in so small a matter as a head-dress 
you are wise, but in the greatest matter of all you 
are foolish. The soul is worth more than the body, 
and why are you so blind to its wants, its demands? " 
And so this lively discussion went on till I was hoarse, 
and tired of sitting on my feet so long, especially as 
the buttons on my boots made it very uncomfortable. 

I left them with a promise to come again. The 
man in whose house we were came home with me, 
and asked me to come next Tuesday and bring the 
^^^astor to help me talk, which I promised to do. 
WlRft I got home it was four o'clock. I was cov- 
ered with dust and perspiration ; I had time to bathe 
before dinner, but was too tired to eat much, but 
aitardbner was rested, and went to the meeting 

down on the bank of the river near the p 
Two of the preachers preached, and I only s 
listened ; it rested me not a little. You must 
concerned for me. The fact that I can woi 
want to work is proof that I am well, for whe; 
gin to get run down I do not feel inclined to 
I feel sad and lazy when the fever is on me, bu 
it leaves me I spring back into my place o 
again. Every attack is lighter and shorter, an 
if they should increase in time and violence 
just where I want to be ; I am satisfied, for I 
the land in which I want to die. This is my 
and I have chosen this for my life-work, w 
that is long or short. 


KbmbndiNk, Feb. lo, 

Rejoicing in Success. — Our work never 
delightful as it is at present. Our hearts are 
to rejoice in the manifest tokens of the Lord' 
ence with us. Two weeks ago five of our pup 
on Christ by baptism ; to-morrow four others 
follow in the same ordinance. Of this comp 
nine, five are from heathen families, and are 
of peculiar interest. They have not been < 
away by a momentary enthusiasm or sudden s 
thy, but in each case there has been a long ai 
vere struggle, a counting of the cost, the g 
dawning of light and increase of faith, unti 
has reached the point where she rejoiced to gi 
all for Christ. 

School Work. — We have now one hi 
boarders, and have refused many who have d 
admittance. At the close of this term we pi 
to send away some of the less promising one 
thus gradually raise the standard of admissio 
scholarship. We are also getting all the mon 
can from the parents and friends, and hope b 
by to be able to introduce a regular system oi 
We know how hard the money is to get at 
and feel that every rupee which comes to us m 
made to go just as far as possible. 

Plssion to i\t jlartits. 

letter from MR. CARPENTER. 

Bassbin, ^arch 6, i 

The annual meeting of the Bassein Sgau 1 

Association commenced Tuesday p.m., Feb. 27tl 

closed Friday evening, the 2nd of March. I 

rarely if ever attended a series of meetings in ' 


Missionary Correspondence. 


lit of brotherly love, christian zeal, and self- 
:e were more strongly marked than in this, 
y-eight pastors, and four hundred and eight 
zxi and sisters from a distance were in attend- 
and all but four of the sixty-five churches in 
sociation reported by letter. As the table of 
cs is not yet completed, I will merely say that 
imber of baptisms during the year is about 
lundred, and the total of contributions for all 
i largely in excess of any previous year, 
trary to their usual practice they chose a na- 
other for chairman, and allowed me to sit qui- 
for the most part and enjoy myself. He man- 
dmirably, not even failing in dispatch. Much 
inary work, as the selection of committees, 
e apportionment of contributions of money 
ddy among the churches, was done before my 
, so that there was no delay in organizing and 
; to work. 

opening sermon by Man-Keh, one of our 
n: pastors, on the parable of the Sower, was 
s the best that I ever heard from a Karen' 
Id the audience thoroughly from beginning 

the Normal and Industrial Institute, they voted 
lously, without a suggestion from me, to dou- 

usual supplies, to meet the increasing num- 
popils. For the new Institute building, they 
tus over Rs. iioo at the meetings, making 
s. 2500 since the first of January, 
iwork has been done by the itinerants in the 
I field. Three new localities among the hea- 
c asking for teachers, and young men were 
them. Thanbyah, supported by the Sunday 
of the First Church, Albany, N.Y., has made 
ssfiil beginning in Th*byeelat. Six have been 
i, and there are several more asking baptism, 
interest of the meetings culminated in the 
devoted to Foreign Missions. Two men of 
rable experience volunteered to go to Bhamo 

with Bro. Gushing and Bagalay. For the 
lins, notwithstanding the unprecedented bur- 
lich they are carrying, I never saw a heartier 
ler response to our appeal than that given by 
oble men in Chrbt Jesus. Moung Shway 
ir missionary to the Prome Karens, was pres- 
: first visit to his old home in sixteen years, 
dullest request a young man was sent back 
en to teach and preach in that district. This 
five foreign missionaries supported by this 
ition at an expense of about Rs. 900 a year. 
le close of the meetings a council was held 
request of two churches, in which it was de- 

cided to ordain two of our tried pastors, and also 
Moung Shway Nee, the missionary to Prome, as an 
evangelist. This was accordingly done with due so- 
lemnity by the native brethren. As two ordained 
pastors have died during the year, the number of or- 
dained men in the bounds of this district is not in- 
creased. "There are several other pastors abundantly 
worthy of this distinction, and we hope to ordain 
them before long. 

|9li0sion to % ib^ns. 


Bhamo, Jan. 15, 1877. 
Yesterday the enclosed native letters were handed 
me by Tungla and Sauna, the two Shan preachers 
with me here. You know Sauna very well ; they 
are both excellent christian men, and feel very keenly 
the disappointment which has darkened the mission 
this year. They see also the straits to >vhich we are 
reduced by the multiform demands of mission work 
which press upon us. This letter is their own, and 
none of mine. I wish I could translate the pro- 
nouns, aud certain verbal particles. They are more 
respectful than anything we have in English. 


" I, Tungla, a Shan preacher now in Bhamo, write 
this letter to all the disciples in America. O, disci- 
ples, whom I love very much ! Because there are 
very many Shans in Bhamo, and because there is no 
missionary teacher here to preach to them, I write 
this friendly letter to let you know how things are. 
It is exceedingly necessary that you select and send 
a teacher to Bhamo, because the Shans of Bhamo, 
who are very numerous, do not know the Gospel ; 
they worship false gods. There is need that a teacher 
be sent thb year, for we cannot occupy two places 
at once. In order that the religion of Jesus Christ 
may increase, please send a Shan teacher quickly. 
The Scriptures say, if they hear not the news how 
can they believe? If there is no preacher how can 
they hear the news? Because the Scriptures speak 
thus, and there is only one teacher for my nation, 
and he cannot go (literally pervade) everywhere ; 
please pity us, and send us one more teacher for 
Bhamo. There is much that is hopeful in this place, 
O, disciples in America ! 
1877, January the 14th day. Tungla." 

NO. 2. 

" I, Sauna, who have visited America once, write 
this letter to the disciples that pertain to our ( i.e.^ 
Baptist) churches in Amcnca. \^>j >i3tvfe ^v» «A 


Missionary Correspondence. 


God, I, Sauna, have arrived in my own country, and 
am able to give my time to spreading our religion. 
Therefore, all my friends whom I love very much, 
listen, please. We have come to Bhamo to preach. 
The Shans, my people, are very many. Sometimes 
I am very happy, sometimes I am very much cast 
down. Why am I cast down? Because \here is 
only one missionary teacher, and he cannot be in 
more than one place. Already there is a good be- 
ginning in the establishment of the gospel among 
the Shans of Toungoo, but there is left them only 
a little teacher for the Shans. 

More than this, not only are there very many 
Shans in Bhamo, but very much here that is hope- 
ful. If you do not send a new teacher for my peo- 
ple, although there are very many Shans, and very 
great hopefulness, we shall be unable to do any- 
thing, (f>., to meet the wants of the case). If you 
do not send a new teacher we cannot spread the 
gospel in twc^countries ( Bhamo and Toungoo are 
six hundred miles apart) ; we must cast away one 
country. If we work at Bhamo we must cast away 
Toungoo ; or if we work at Toungoo we must cast 
away Bhamo. We ought not to cast away either. 
We desire that the gospel should be preached in 
both. Besides, dear teacher Murdock, you know well 
that there are many Burman and Karen teachers. 
Why can you not remember and pity my people? 
We must not let them be lost without an effort. For 
four years we have heard " A new teacher is com- 
ing, a new teacher is coming;" but no one comes, 
and our hearts are sad. Every year teachers come 
for the Burmans and Karens. All know which race 
is the more numerous, the Karens or Shans. O send 
us a teacher for Bhamo." 

I have translated the letters hastily. I can assure 
you the Shan Christians have felt the disappoint- 
ment in regard to the new teacher this year in a very 
serious way. Fortunately or unfortunately, Sauna 
has seen our splendid sanctuaries, and knows that 
we are not a poor people, by any means. He knew 
of the appointment of a missionary before we sailed. 
He knows the many interests of the mission which 
are in jeopardy because the promised help was di- 
verted to a less needy field. His knowledge has be- 
come the knowledge of the other disciples, with cor- 
responding depressing effects in them. Help us, if 
there is any help for the weakest and neediest mis- 
sion you have in Burmah. 

The Ka Chins.— The relative position of the 
Shan and Ka Chin populations is such that a mis- 
sion to the Shans, properly carried on, (f . e,, not 

confining^itself to the district of Bhamo 
would be very dependent on a mission to ' 
Chins. In fact, the one is necessary to the 
The Ka Chins inhabit the mountains, and th< 
the valleys, which beyond Bhamo could 
reached without passing through Ka Chin it 
A missionary to the Ka Chins would be w 
ceived as soon as he became able to use the 
guage a little. The influence of such a mis 
would be invaluable in opening and keepin 
the routes to the different Shan principaliti 
otherwise facilitating Shan mission work, w 
was at the same time doing his own missioi 
An Aggressive Movement Demanded.- 
fully convinced that the time has come wl 
should no longer confine ourselves to Low 
mah. There has been good reason for doin 
the past ; but now the Irrawaddy Valley, at '. 
so far open that discreet, earnest missionarit 
ing to deny themselves for Christ, can do 
work. Roman Catholic priests are scatterin] 
selves at all the principal stations on the Irra 
and even in the interior. Why should we \ 
the English Government to take the coun 
stead of trusting God and going forward? 
would Paul have done ! I do not believe n 
ary faith and zeal in America are so feeble 
men were called for with the understands 
they were to be pioneers like the earlier mi 
ries, there would be no response. 

fission to i\t Ctloogoos. 

Letter from Mr. Downie, Nellor] 

Our New "Girls' School."— This is 
completed. It is said to be the finest school 
ing in the Nellorc district, and perhaps wit 
degi'ee of truth. At all events it is a fine b 
and just what we very much needed. It 
one of many lasting monuments of the trul; 
work of the " Woman's Baptist Missionary S< 
The opening of the school took place two wee 
and was attended by nearly all the Europe 
Eurasian people of the town, together with c 
native people. The Collector of the district pi 
and gave us a most kind and encouraging i 
One of the girls read a portion of Scrip 
Telugu, and the singing by the school see 
give much pleasure and satisfaction. We ha 
thirty girls in the boarding-school, and a f 
scholars. It would do the hearts of our la 
home good to see the transforming effects o 

Missionary Correspondence. 


; on these girls. As a rule, they come to 
.estitute of clothing, dirty and ignorant 
k of a remark Mr. Van Meter made in 
at Watertown, that when they took a 
ito the **Home" the first thing they did 
It it to soak." It is our first work with 

lAGUE AND Famine. — During our first 
iia we were visited with a terrible flood, 
re effects of which our compound is but 
-ed. The following year brought us the 

plagne of cholera, and this year we are 
with a famine and with considerable 
ides. Already there is great suffering in 

for want of food, and our compound is 
ith poor Christians and others crying for 

[Dec. 8th) my carts are being packed 
books, medicines, &c., for a tour over a 
field. We almost dread to go into the 

owing the suffering we shall meet, and 

e power to alleviate the suffering. Still 
give some help, and do some good. 

1th of our people is generally good, but 

ying of cholera. We need the prayers of 
at home, and should be grateful fur Spe- 

"ions to relieve the suffering poor in this 


Letter from Mr. Bullard. 

Nbllokb, March lo, 1877. 
^ or two I hope to start on a tour West, 

few weeks at Athmacour, and then go to 
^ Hill for the hot season, 
inth the preacher visited a large number 
i south of the Pennair, in Rapus and 
lugs. They travelled about one hundred 
cing four halting-places where the tent 
^, and from which the neighboring vil- 

visited. I joined them in the last half 
r, and although famine, and cholera, and 

were about us on every hand, we had 
d opportunities to preach the gospel. 

baptized last Sabbath in Nellore from 
ese villages, who have been believing for 


rk in Athmacour is about as whe^ I wrote 
t that we now hope to organize a church 
the first of April. It may not number 
I ten or twelve members at the first, but 
a centre for our work there, and there is 
on to believe that it will become a grow* 
idependent churcfa. 

ton to % (t^itne. 
Letter from Mr. Partridge. 

SwATOw, March 30, 1877. 

Candidates for Baptism. — I have recently 
spent two weeks in the Kit le district. On Sunday 
last, at our chapel in the city, I took the names of 
' thirty-one applicants for baptism, and examined all 
there was time to examine at four sessions on Sat- 
urday and Sunday. They represented eleven vil- 
lages. I did not baptize any, although several 
seemed sincere believers. There are more than a 
hundred in that district who desire to unite with us, 
but we must not act too hastily. 

Calls for Preachers. — In several villages the 
people are urging us to send them a preacher, but 
we have no one to send. We have but one man in 
a place, and where there is not much interest we 
station a man to watch the chapel, and lead the 
Christians in their devotions, and sAid the better 
preachers to the places where there is more interest 
manifested. In one of the villages visited I found 
a young man who had let his fields that he might 
come to Kak Chie and study ; but the boys' school is 
full, so I told him to come, and I would do what I 
could for him. 

A Class Studying for Evangelistic Work. — 
The result is that I have established a class of four 
men about thirty years of age ; but how I am to 
find time or strength to instruct them as I wish to, 
is a question I must leave to time and the Lord. 
Three of these young men were in the boys* school, 
but their age made them seem out of place. There 
is another young man who expects to come, and 
there will be others when they learn that there is a 
class established. We have long felt that there 
should be such a class of students preparing for the 
work of evangelists, but have not ventured to form 
one till now, and now it is because it is forced upon 

^[tsston hi $;v9X(xx. 
Letter from Mr. Lepoids. 

Pakis, March a, 1877. 
I must tell you of the encouraging tokens lately 
given us by the Lord. At the beginning of this 
year I heard the good news that the Saviour had 
visited the household of one of our brethren, and 
had converted his two children and the servant of 
the family. A few days after came a letter from a 
young lady whom I had often visited, and who had 
attended our Wt>Tship as o^txi a& ^^ co\X^. TVa& 


Missionary Correspondence. 


letter told me that she had found peace, and earn- 
estly wished to be baptized before leaving Paris. 
Afterwards, in visiting certain Catholic families to 
whom we had for some time proclaimed the gospel, 
I had the joy of learning that the good seed had 
taken root, and that these souls had passed from 
darkness to light, from the bondage of Satan to the 
glorious liberty of the children of God. Blessed be 

We examined, on the second Sunday in Febru- 
ary, eight candidates for baptism ; and on their free 
simple and scriptural confession of faith, they were 
unanimously admitted to the church. Last Sunday, 
Feb. 29th, in the presence of a large, serious and 
attentive assembly, of whom many here were moved 
even to tears, we baptized seven persons. The eighth 
candidate had been taken ill ; he will be baptized 
when he shall have recovered his health, and with 
him, we hope, several others who are now under the 
influence of the Spirit. 

On Monday last I received a letter from the father 
of a family (formerly a Catholic) who was present 
at the baptism on Sunday. Rewrote: "My dear 
Mr. Lepoids, — I am still under the impression of 
that beautiful ceremony at which I had the happi- 
ness of being present. I will tell you frankly that 
it is the only thing which has spoken to my heart ; I 
could not keep back the tears. I was then able to 
see the depth of the gulf in which I was, and where 
I am still, until I can, in my turn, obtain this true and 
holy baptism. 

" However, I am far from despair. I know now 
that I am in the narrow way, the way of light, and 
truth, and life ; and though I advance but slowly, I 
dare to hope that God will grant me grace to con- 
tinue. Help me with your prayers and counsels, for 
which I am always very grateful. In this hope 
accept, dear and good pastor, my most profound 


This morning I learned from our door-keeper 
that another person, who also witnessed this last 
baptism, was moved to the depths of her conscious- 
ness. She came and begged our door-keeper to 
"sell her a Bible, that she might seek and find the 
truth, and the salvation of her soul." We believe 
that many such impressions were made on Sunday, 
May God make them fruitful, and bless them to the 
salvation of a great number! Our meetings for 
working men in the populous district of Montrougc 
are always encouraging, as well as the new Sunday- 
school we have established there. May the Lord 
aid us in doing good to those people, who seem to 
thirst for the truth ! 


Alicante, March z^ 

In November last a good house was taken, 
for chapels and schools, and everything m 
pared for opening it. But no sooner did th 
lord hear that his house was about to be turn 
a Protestant Chapel than he came to me qui 
ous, and gave me notice to quit the house, p 
ing our meetings whilst we remained in it. 
uary we found a far better place in the part 
town we most wished for, and though the c 
a liberal-minded man, in order to be secure 
the house for five years, with the option of 
it after the expiration of the first. A writt 
tract was drawn by a notary, engaging ourse 
that time, stating rent for first year at 150 n 
month, and in the successive years at the 
1 20 reals ; granting me permission to make 
terations I may think proper inside the t 
with the condition of leaving the house in t 
it was given me when the contract shall ceai 
eral walls have been removed, and the who! 
thrown into a large hall capable of holdis 
fortably over two hundred people. The I 
pulpit, walls, etc., painted afresh ; new lamps 
good curtains, etc. ; so that we have a cha] 
pretty respectable aspect. This is a great 1 
a country where appearances go a long wa 
result is that some respectable persons came 
inauguration, and stayed throughout the 
seemingly pleased with what they saw anc 
and on Tuesday following we had the pla< 
crowded, although a strong northerly wind 
our breath. 

In accordance with a circular of the gove 
I had to give notice to the civil governor 
were about to open to the public a new hal 
prayed we might meet with no difficulty or 
in this quarter. I waited on said authority : 
with him a written notice, and two days af) 
called again for an answer. On this occasic 
a long conversation with the Governor, who 
himself quite a gentleman, and offered m 
possible protection. He made several i 
about our Mission and its progress, and sei 
enter into the matter as if personally in 
The result was that he sent me a written pe 
for opening our Chapel, sanctioned the privs 
lation of enclosed handbills which he had pi 
prohibited, and promised to send a couple < 

The Missionary Outlook. 


event any disturbance during service. How 
[ feel for these mercies ! 
been visiting for the last six months a gen- 
tacked with the asthma. God was pleased 
lim the truth as it is in Jesus, and he at 
w himself in the arms of the Saviour. He 
ji of great influence in the town, had been 
of the peace for some time; was highly 
, and much esteemed by all the town. At 
loments his relations tried to persuade him 
»r the priest, and confess; he boldly re- 
the last, saying he had settled everything 
through Christ, and was in need of nothing 
in could give. Both priests and relatives 
rinced of the Hrmness of his resolution and 
d him. I kept assisting him, and when- 
y passed without my calling he would send 
At last he departed in a quiet, peaceful 
of hope and faith. But then the priests 
t bury him in their cemetery, where his rela- 
red his body to be deposited. At last the 
le to beg me not to attend the funeral, as 
i then bury him without being criticised. 
I this case because I believe it is the begin - 
. new era, when a better class of people • 
r and accept the Gospel. 
Vicente a good spirit b kept up among 
I nucleus by reading and searching the 

Scriptures. I pay them frequent visits, but now sev- 
eral of them come all the distance to attend our servi- 

On the 5th inst. I visited Alcoy. This is a pros, 
perous manufacturing town; the majority of the 
people profess republican views. It was in this town 
in '74, that the internationalists played the worst, 
and most horrible dramas, killing, burning, and de- 
stroying. They* learned a lesson, however, and now 
they detest those opinions. I stayed two days, dur- 
ing which I became acquainted with about eighty 
persons, all of whom are desirous that a mission 
should be established among them. I held two meet- 
ings of a private nature, and tried to organize some- 
thing among them, showing them the necessity of 
contributing towards the support of the mission they 
desire, and promised that if they raise sufficient to 
defray the expenses of rent, light, etc., I would come 
to them. Speaking of benches, one of them pro- 
posed that each should bring a chair; this was 
unanimously accepted. Three men among the lot 
possess a good knowledge of the Bible, and one of 
them appears to be a sincere Christian. Such is the^ 
state of our labors in this province ; let me only add 
that our congregation here is growing since we 
opened the new chapel. 


fs Need. How deep the spiritual need 
^ is, may in some measure be seen by 
rts of solemn importance, 
hina contains about one-third of the 
opulation of the world. Of this vast 
on it is estimated that every day thirty- 
ousand, every month one million, pass 
eternal world. 

I the nine provinces of China, where 
iries are now stationed, there are nearly 
1 of Chinese to each missionary'. This 
5 into account all the Protestant mis- 
i connected with American, Continen- 
British Societies. 

I the other nine provinces of China 
t one hundred and fifty millions without 
I resident Protestant missionary, and 
iteen hundred years after the Saviour^s 
id to preach the Gospel to every creature . 
I harvest truly is plenteous, but the la- 
ire few; pray ye therefore the Lord of 

the harvest that He will send forth laborers 
into His harvest." 

Bishop Burdon has sent an interesting Re- 
port on the Fuh-Kien Mission, which he visited 
last spring. He found no less than 1443 aduU 
Native Christians, with a staff of fifty-two cate- 
chists, eighty voluntary helpers, and seventeen 
students besides the five native clergymen, four 
of whom he ordained on this occasion. In some 
parts of the province ** the whole neighborhood 
seemed ready to adopt Christianity if only we 
had more men to work the region." — Church 
Missionary Gleaner, 

The Vye People of West Africa. Steps 
have been taken by the Foreign Mission Com- 
mittee of the American Episcopal Church to 
organize a Station at C^c^ VIomx^I, V«(^"8X«tl 
Afirica. It will be an Vnvvot\an\. «n\x^ lox VCw 



sionary work among the Vyc people, who are 
said to be the most enlightened of all the tribes 
on the West Coast, a people who have formed 
for themselves a written language. To the east 

of Cape Mount there are also superior ti 
chiefly Mohammedans, many of whom an 
quainted with the Arabic language, and 
gladly received Arabic copies of the Script 


In the last issue of the ** Magazine," by 
an oversight the article under The Missionary 
OUTLOOK, with Miss Fielders name appended, 
was united with an extract from The Independ- 
ent. The whole of the first paragraph is the 
extract, and the rest of the article is original. 

From Teloogoo Land. — The following is 
taken out of a ^brief business letter from Rev. 
Mr. Colugh to the Mission Rooms. It is much 
in little, and will attract attention. Mr. Cough 
writes, under date of April 4, 1877, " Things 
are fearful here, I assure you. Rain has how- 
ever fallen in sufficient quantities to avert the 
water fsunine which was greatly feared by gov- 
ernment, and by us all. Of course there can 
be no crop sown until July, but grain can be 
•mported, and water could not. I baptized one 

hundred and four on the 9th of March, 
now at work on the East Coast Canal, and 
my tent, and camp, and home, most of the 
ten miles from Oujole. I have got a coo 
to dig out about three and one-half miles c 
canal, and I am gathering the Christians 
near and from a£ar. If they come ( and 
will ), they can live (D.V.). There is no 
ine in my camp, I have got the contrac 
such terms, and the government is so kin 
us, that two-thirds of my fears are gone, h 
one thousand coolies are at work now. ] 
^ particulars hereafter." 

This government contract will furnish 
Clough a double opportunity for carrying 
ward his work as a missionary. He can 
for both the temporal and spiritual welfa 
the natives whom he employs. 


MAINE, $1,849.06. 

Biookliae (of wh. xo is mon. con. coU.). 15; Yar- 
mouth^ eh., 30; Livennore Falls, co. (of wh. 
xa.So u mon. con. coll.), 33*9o; Thomastoo, 
church, moo. con. coll., 17; Calais, zst ch., 
16.50: sd church, William Wood, tr., 6a; Ells- 
worth, ch., 5.«o; Kennebunk, ch., 15: Fort Fair* 
field, (Mary A. Hopkinson, 8) ; Q, P. Hopkin- 
"" Skowhc^ 


, . . 'arren, du, 

za8o; Portland, Free-st.' Church, «>s; ist du, 
coo: Auffttsta, ist ch., 35; Rockbmd. xtt ch., 95: 
Rallowell, xst ch., 74*50; Mechanics Falls, ch., a ; 
Biddelbrd, Adams>st. Church, 95.85; Poiobsoot 
Asso., Bangor, xst ch. (of wh. ^ u fr. Rev. David 
Stewnrt) , Z05 ; ad ch.. J. C. White, tr., as ; CHierry- 
field. Rev. r. D. Blake. 5: Hamjpden C!omer, for 

So. Berwick, ch., 

BUuce. 5 ; Hamjpden Cromer, for 

\. FifiMd,a.x«: So. Berwick, ch., 

ao; E. Madison, per Rev. H. M. Hopkinson, 

the oebt, Annie D. 

: Damariscotta, ch. (of wh. 675 is mon. con. 
coll.), xx.7«; N. Brooklme, Alverse A. 0)le, 5: 
Eden, ch., 0; Jefierson, ch., 8; York Asso , Wm. 
Emerr, tr., X7.45; Turner, di. Jl.54; Hebron, ch., 
w; Tboamstoa, ch., 10.50; Watenrille, ch. (of 

wh. 107 is mon. con. coll., and ao fr. S. S. for 
sup Arairam, 137 ; Guilford, Rev. Sewall Brown, 
a; Wavne, ch., 3.68; Leeds, ch., 3.70; So. An- 
bum, en., y, Belfast, ch., xa. ^6: Greene, a frieni, 
.50; N. Livermore, Mrs. E.^ B. Parker Tof im. 
30 is for sup. Lena Hines in Mrs. Eveleth's 
school). 50; So. Acton, a friend, x; N. Vsial 
boro', ch., 8; Saco, ch.. 50; $x,{ 

Coll. per Rev. W. S McKenaie, Dist. Sec*y, Waldo- 
boro', ch., of which 5.03 is from S. S. ; 

NEW HAMPSHIRE, $940.78. 

Great Falls, ch., XX4.9X; Bow. Miss., Rhoda Robin- 
son, for the Burman Mission, 5; Salmon Falls, a 
friend, 3; 1 

Hudson, ch., X5.37: N. Conway, ch., 4: Wilton, 
ch., 3; Mrs. C. H. Sheldon, 3; 6; S. North- 
wood, ch., x<.«o; Hanover, Rev. E. H. Smxtht x: 
Fisherville, Main-st. ch., 40: New London, du, 
84.66; Meriden, ch., a; Reene, ch., 40; Fxaostk* 
lin Falls, ch.,G. E. Buell, tr., ao ; Salem, ch., 
xx.xc; Osnbury, du, 87; New Boston, lunkS. 
B. Averill, 3.90; ch., 0.36; 1 

Concord, Pieasant-st. Ch., 61.85; xst ch., 300; 
Manchester. Merrimack-st. Chuich, Caleb (SSife, 
tr., 30.60; Ldianon, ch., x7: 4 



ain-st. Church, zo.50; Gofistown, ch.* 
'ood, ch., 81 Chester* a friend, .65: 
:, xst ch., 43.75; East Weare, ch., a.^o; 
1, ch., 3; So. Acwofth, ch., 3.50; An- 
14; Pbitersrille, ch., 7; N. Stratfoitl, 

rv W. S. McKenzie, Dist. Sec'y, Great 
addl, 6.08: Dover, Franklin-st. Ch., 

VERMONT, $1,131 60. 

V. W. S. McKenzie, Dist. 800*7 Wood- 
)., for Rev. L. Tewctt, per Rev. W. N. 
50: Topsham, Horace and Ann DivoU, 
Divoli, 3; Polly Currier, .50; Benning- 
u, Z35; St Johnsbury, ch., t6; Com- 

ch., 60; Brandon, ch., 50; Burling- 
V. Crane, tr., as-ss: Mrs. J. L. Doty, 
1,5; Jcrirho, ch., 36.96; Saxtons River, 
(^kinsville, ch., 90; Vcrgennes, ch., 

Springfield, ch., 43.50; Grafton, ch., 
alUngferd, ch., 31.35: Bridport, SheU 
1,7; HuzuingtoQ, ch., 3: Lunenburg, 

ch., 93; Lodlow, ch., (and with previ- 
ous to const. Rev. J. P. FarrarH. L. M.,) 
tingham, ch., per Rev. Mark Carpen- 
ikersfield, (Mrs. E. P. Jones, 3; Mrs. 

rard, 3 J 4; St. Albans, xst ch., 38.14; 
Walker, 5; Hinesburg, ch., Z4.X5: 
1., C V. Byther, tr., 6.67: Dover, Mrs. 
luld, x; Fair Haven, ch.. 33.78; Brat- 
stch., 193.4X; Whiting, en., 5; 
H. Tumli, 3; Bellows Falls, ch., G. 
, 33.65 ; Sharon, S. S. and friends, 6.53; 
b., 7: Essex, I. A. Abbey, y, 
ton, ch., 31.93 : Georgia rlams, ch., xo; 
I., (Wm. N. Blake, x; Giles Reynolds, 
Souther, x : J. O. Fleming, .50 ; Rev. 
[ovey, Z.50,) 5; Pondville, ch., i<*35; 
ny Centre, ch., 6; Jaouica, ch., 3; W. 
o, ch., xa; 

MASSACHUSETTS, $19,650.77. 

Ten-ave. Ch. (of wh, 35 is fr. Mrs. S. 
), C». L. Norris, tr., 380.33; Dudley-st. 
. Edmands. tr , of wh. 108.35 is mon. 
1,366.90; Clarendon-street Church (a 
zoo, another member, 5, Mrs. J. W. 
quar coll., per E. B. Cole, tr., 643.69), 
earbom-street Church. Jas G. dhed, tr.* 
toughton-street Churcn, Co; Shawmut- 
tiurch (of wh. 150 is fr. a. S. for sup. 
ire Mrs. Inealls, H. S. Harris, tr.), and 
on. con. coU., C. C. Converse, 869.09; 
nple Church, 645.19; Bowdoin-square 
:r £. P. Cloleman, 31X.40; First Church, 
re. rr., aso; a friend 5; another friend, 
Henry Wood, 50 ; 

Dharles-River Church, to const. R«v. 

Dickinson and Mrs. (^lara H. Dickin- 

M., Isaac C. Holmes, tr., 304.68; First 

Twh. 104.07 is mon. con. coll., and 375 

ir sup. Moung Reuben, R. O. B'uller, 

fr. Daniel Bowker), 3,585.40; Broad- 

:h, Tacob Eaton, tr., 88.x8; North-ave. 

f wh. 600 is fr. A. R. Glover; za^ being 

nat. pr., care Mrs. M. B. IngalTs; Z35 

of Mrs. Lydia R. Glover for do. ; za5 

t. pr., care Rev. J. R. Ckxldard, Ning- 

zoo for sup 3 BiSle women, care Miss 

de, Swatow, China; 50 fr. S. S. for sup. 

an, care Miss Fielde, per D. H. Hav- 

1,300; Second Church, 53.50; an old 

trc, Soc of Miss. Inq. of Theo. Sem., 

eman, tr., 39^0; ch., Dwight Chester, 

z^xoo is b, dardner Colby, and 10 Cr. 

Warren, and 350 fr. Thos. Nickezson, 

ner, ch^fr. S.S. for rap. Saw-pa-Tay 
pe Rev. D. A. W. Smith, ^, and iz.aj; 

Hombo, care I. D. Coihum; 
'^atd, 14; another friead. g: 

8, Robbiog, a: PUmvUle, O. D. 
B, SomerriUe, Perkins-street Cburcbg 

89 so 



408 61 

181 If 


45 X7 

79 «7 

5*33> 9* 

4*n3 93 

8,193 7« 

xg 00 


709 Z9 

XQ9.78; Somerville, First Church, to coast. Dea. 
Geo. A..Mayiiard, H. L.M., leo; Mac xo; W. 
Somerville, ch., 30; Lowdl, Wortbco-street 
Church, J. G. Morrison, tr., 89: a ftriend, zoo; 535 78 

Worcester. Pleasant-street Church, 79«79; Dewey- 
street Church, y. First Church, 87; Mai n st re e t 
Church, per Wulard Ward, tr., 600; 704 79 

Brookline, B. F. B., 35; ch. (of wh. zx8.x8 is mon. 
con. coll., A. W. Benton, tr.), 798.X8; 833 z8 

Hyde Park, ch., I. F. Arnold, tr., 30; a friend, i ; 
Palmer, Mrs. S. F. Leonard, Z5; Conway, di., 
Mrs. T. T. Bardwell, tr., X5: W. Newton, ch., N. 
C. Pike, tr., 43.41 : E. Gloucester, ch. addi'nal, 5; 
Littleton, ch., xa; Vineyard Haven, ch., to; Ayer, 
ch., xo; Sharon, ch., 33; W. Acton, ch. (of wh. 
25 is fr. S. S.), 33-33 ; »97 74 

N. Marshfield, ch., ?; Norwood, ch., H. Baker, tr., 
ao.04; Dover, Mrs. Samuel Jenkins, «; West- 
ford, M. M. Sweetser, miss'ybox, 3; Medfield, 
ch. (of wh. TOO is fr. Dea. Geo. Cumming, to 
const. Dea. Wra. B. Grover H. L. M.), and 88.37 
mon. con. coll., T. L. Barney tr., 160.78; Fra- 
mingham, xst church, E. Hemenway, tr., 4; ^ 194 8« 

Fiskdale, ch., xo; Cumington. Mrs. Aaron Bige- 
low, 3; Raynham, ch , (of wn. x8 is fr. S. S.,) 46; 
Westfield, ch., 9; fr. Ambrose Day, 10; 19; New 
Bedford, North Church, L. G. Hewins, tr., 13; 
zst church, 76.T9; Chelmsford Centre, ch., 37; 

Fall River, ad churchy Chas. Cobum. tr., 79.Z4; zst 
church, of wh. 160 is fr. the Mee Shwav Soc. for 
the school at Amherst, Maulmain, per K, Warren, 
tr., 63a 05 ; 

North Oxford,. ch., 18.34; Agawam, ch., Fred. A. 
Sykes, tr., 57.30; East Brookfield, zst church, 
R. O. Putney, tr., xa; Leverctt and Montague 
churches, 30.35 ; Springfield, ist ch., J. E. Taylor, 
tr., 90.08; State-street Church, I33.38; Hunting- 
ton, Mrs. N. Church, 10: 

Lynn, Washington-street Church, (of wh. aoo is fr. 
H. A. Pevear, to const. John B. Pevear and Mary 
AnnaPevear H. L. M.,) 396.97: J. N. W., x; 1st 
church, H. Haddock, 80; 

Salem, Hermaaa, 5; Central Church, J. Carlton, tr., 
100; Lawrence, J. 6. G. Pidge, xco; ad church, 
75 ; £. A. W., 8; Bolton, ch., ao; Taunton, Win- 
throp-street Church (of wh. 15 is fr. a lady .mem- 
ber),3X5; a friend, 3; 

Attleboro't N. M. Daggett, 5; HoUiston, ch., A. A 
Bexmett, tr., z3-5o]\Vinchester, church, W. H. 
Brewer, tr., 4^50; West BoyLtton, xst church, 
of wh. 3 is sp«cul offering fr. L. A. Lnsure and 
wife, 38.86; Chelsea, Carey-ave. Cburchf 40.85; 
a fncnd, x ; ist church, Frank K. Cushmg, tr., 


Stoneham, ch., 30.73; Westminster, ch. 8; Shutes- 
bunr, ch., 5 Ouincy Point, ch., 13 ; (^ochcsett, ch. 
S. S., 8.7s; Watertown, ch., S. Noyes, tr., 60.67 
Melrose, ch., G. Newhall, tr.. 90; Webster, ist 
church, (of wh. 9.30 is fr. S. S. for NeUore Mis- 
sions,) 34.40; Wcstboro', Emma A. White, 3; So. 
Abington, ch., 65; 

Middleheld, a friend, 5; Holyoke, zst church, 10; 
ad ch., Dea. Edwin Chaae, tr., 90; Greenfield, 
ch., D. £. Parznenter, tr., 38.07; Gloucester, ch.» 
140; Weymouth, ch., 60; West Medway, ch., 
II. C. Messinger, tr., 15; 

Bemardston, ch., 7; NewMnyport, Green-street 
Baptist Church, A. F. Hunt, tr.. X3.0X ; 8omer8«t» 
di., 97.43 ; Shelburne Falls, ch., J. B. Bardwell, 
tr., 34 ; Plvniouth, Miss Abigail B. ludaon for the 
Burman Mission, per Hon. J. H. Lord, 100; 
Chicopee Falls, ch., 64; 

Still River, ch., 41.04; Amherst, ch., D. B. N. 
Fish, tr., 9.50; llannah Wedoe, a; Haverhill, 
Portland-street Church, £. R. Gage, tr., 159 40; 
xst church, (of wh. I85 is special, and 135 moo. 
con. coll.,) 850; Hanover, ch.. S4.y>; 

Sroton, ch.. 85; N. Marshfield 5. S., 5 ; Charlea- 
town, Bunker Hill Church, H. L Nason, tr.,84 98; 
Reading, Salem-street Church, m* Wilbraham, 
ch., xo; Turners FaUs, ch., 4; Asnfiield, ch., 9*85; 

So. Sudbury, L. Goodnow, ao; Holden, G. S. God- 
dard, xo; £ast Haverhill, ch., 8.C0; Rehoboth, 
ch., 7: Brewster, ch., 8.75; Southboro', a friend, 
3^; Wakefield, I)ea. A. Cr. Sweetser, tr., 87.10;', 

WoDum, ch., B. Millett, tr., 175.43; Maiiboro 
ch.. Young Ladies' Miss. Soc., Liasie Lewis^ Sec 
for Misuon work, care "Rev. *&. *?. Ctota« %v> 
Maplewood, cK, s*^^*, Sou\\i-w\Ok., cVu, v^V* 

A ihend, lo: Pcabody« cVi.,mciii. coti. co\\.« xv, 
Lee, ch., 6.05: Pii«fie\d, tii.,'W.'W. Oa^^ 
tr.t 47-30; Fitchbtw£, cYi.,lo cotoX.'Wlt^.OaxQnw 

359 35 

377 97 

6a6 00 

•4a 43 






vtif^ 'f$^ 




S. Burbank. H. L. M., leo; CharietlowB, Geo. 

D. Edznandi, 500; AMOvtr, ch.9 S. S., 6; M. 
Stone, 3 ; 

Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKenzk, Dist. Sec, Hud- 
son, ch., ao; RovaUton, ch., 40; Methuen, ch., 
46.50; New Marlboro'^ ch.» 9; 

RHODE ISLAND, $1,923.98. 

Providence, R. I. Bap. State Coavention, S. R. 
Weeden, tr., ist church (of wh. 950 it per Dea. 
A. Harknefts), 384.3c; Lonsdale, ch.,mon. con. 
coll., per Dea. J. H. Read, 15; 4U> church, 
313.^6 ; J. H. W., in memory ox a dear sister who 
was mterested in the cause of miss, ao : 1,004.3^; 
Brown-street Church (of wh. 30 is fr. G. D. Wil- 
cox, M. D., X fr. a sister), 31 ; a friend, 35; Crans- 
ton-st. ch., for x quar. sup. Moung See Dee, 
1875: Jefferson, ch., 18.67; 3d ch., mon. con. 
coll., 40.10; a lady member, 5: 

So. Kingston, ist ch., per Rev. S. F. Hancock, 14; 
Bristol, ch., S. S., mon. con. colL, X3'36; l>t ch., 
C. B. Spooner, tr., 30; Waiukuck, Koger Wil- 
liams ch.f 18.58; Warren, ch., N. Drown, tr., 
65.40; Wickford, ist ch., (ofwh. 50 is fr. S. S. 
for sup. Karen, tr., and xi 31 is mon. con. coll.,) 
68.61 ; Exeter, Thos. A. Hall, x ; 

Warwick, Shawomet ch., 34.93: Pawtucket, ch., 

E. W. Barrows, tr., xy; ad ch.. a^ol Mrs. 
A. Benedict, to const. Rev. Timotny S. Dodge, 
H. L. M., 100; Newport, Central ch., 330; xstcn., 
to const. Dea. CSeo. Nason. H. L. M., Ira Hil 

ch., 16: 

Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKensie, Westerly, ist ch., 
xo: Tiverton, Rev. G. P. Wightman, 5 : 

CONNECTICUT, $x,693.xi 

Rainbow, a friend, 4: Meriden, xst ch-, 53: 1st 
(verman ch., 7.05; Essex, II. Post, ao: Daniel 
Wright, 3: xst ch., W. C. Hough, tr.. 175: Hart- 
ford. 1st ch.,S. S., ao: Asylum-ave. en., 80; Rev. 
S. D. Phelps, D. D., 10; 

Bristol, ch., 56; Plantersville, ch., 10; Haddam, 
ch., 30; S. Colebrook, fr. ladies, 7;a5i Norwich, 
Central ch., to const. Dea Edward Ray, H. L. M., 
xoo; New Haven, ch., S. D. Linsle^, tr., X09.64; 
xst ch., 36; Andover, ch., ao; Miodletown, ch., 
45; Mystic River, ch., 50; 

ElastLyrae, P Mathewson, 5: ch., 95: Rockville, 
Mr. and Mrs. William BuUer, xw; W. Wood- 
stock, ch., a member, 5: Tarifville, ch., 10; 
friends in Connecticut, 175; Greenville, ch., 8; 
Suffield, ist ch., 63.45; Rev. E. M. Ogden, 3.40: 

Mansfield, church, 37.50: New London, 1st cJx., 
151.35 : Yalesville, ch.^as : Gaylordsviile, ch., 7 : 
Sterung, ch., 5: East Tliompson, ch., ax.40: So. 
Norwalk, ch , Judson, Miss.. Soc'v, 35: Baptist 
State Convention, James Lockwoocf, tr., Stzanord, 
ch., xo : 

ColL per Rev. W. S. McKensie, Dist. Sec>, Biidge> 
port, xst ch., 

NEW YORK, $90,703.65. 

So. Otselic, ch., (ofwh. 7.39 is fr. S. S., and 15 fr. 
H. C. Leach,) 

New York, James B. Colgate, x,ooo: John B. 
Trevor, 1,000: fr a helper for the debt, a $x,ooo 
U. S. Bond ($(,1x5) : Calvarv, ch.,Hon. Nathan 
Bishop, 1,000; 1st Swedish en., xo: John Slater, 

3<: A. W. Colgate, 50: German Bap. Miss., Fred. 
R. Lambert, 5 : a reader of the " Bxammtr/* 5: 
a Baptist, for Qmxo Mission, care Rev. M. C 

liloson, $1, gold, ($<'04:) M. J. Rounds, x: C. 

A. King, per Rev. W. S. McKoizie. xo; 
Melrose Crerman Mission Station, 4; Norwich, ch., 

A. C. Latham, tr., xoo: Hamilton^ L. W. Cronk- 

hite, 3 ; Soc'y of Miss. Ino. of Madison University, 

xj.3s: Hartford, ch., 37.BS; Chenango Asao., T. 

H. Prentice, tr., Plymouth ch., Mary Young* a, 

andS. S., 5; 
Brooklyn, xst ch.. S. S., xa girls for Miss'y work, 

care Mtss S. J. Higby, Manlmaini so; a member 

ۤ HTlriarr it. ch.* xoo: 

683 S5 
XX5 50 

Pitcher Spa.^ Mrs. S. U. Ferguson, {o; Yates, ch , 
63.X8; Albion, Mrs. E. F. Sawyer, xo; ist ch.. 



483 14 

8a 03 
X5 00 

37« 05 



aTa as 


40 00 


165 xo 
150 00 

James M. Barker, tr., X3i*73i '^'^1 ^'* (ofwh. 
35. gold, is for sup. pupil in Miss S. "^ 
scnool,) 45-03 ; 

Wilson, Mrs. H. A Pettit, 33:3o; Morris, ch., 
S. S., for Mair Tiri, care Miss H. E. Watson, xo: 
xst ch., 4.55; Fairport, Wom. Bap. Miss. Soc'y 
for the Pwo Karen Mission Building, Bassein, 
care Rev. S. T. (3oodell, aa; Bacavia, Jesse 
Elliot, xo; 

Rochester, Wm. N. Sage, xst ch., 50; Lowville, ch., 
13 65 ; Springville, ch., ^5 ; Lewis, a lover of mis- 
sions, 6; Waterviile. Mrs. H. Favcr, Sf Sandy 
Hill ch., 30 67; Whitesboro, ch.. 33.64; 

Middlefield, Rev. S. P. Way, 5; Mrs. W. A. Way, 

?; Cheriy Valley, ch., 1.75; Oyster Bay, Rev. 
^has. S. Wightman, x.^; Unionville, Orangech., 
37.65: Sing Sing, per Rev A. D. Gl'lett. 50; 

Leroy, a friend, i : Oswego, West ch., 67.80; Kings- 
ton, ist ch., £. G. Lawrence, tr., 50; Wyoouag, 
Mrs. R. V Williams, J ; 

Albany, Emanuel ch., of which 35 is fr. (Charles R. 
Knowles for sup. Rev. S. B Partridge, 

BuffiUo Union Meeting, for Rangoun Mission, per 
Rev. J. B. Vinton, 63.50; Prospect-avenue en., 

Fort Ann ch., xo; Newburg, Rev. L. Jewett, C; 
Shdby Centre, ch., 16.70; Gloversville, choron, 
x^.33; Fredonia, ch., A. Z. Madison, tr.« 61; 
Williamson, ch., 4>9o; Pulaski, ch., for sup. Garo 
prs.. care Kev. M. Bronson, ao.75; Busti, ch., 

Glcxu Falls, ch., 36.75; PoughkeeMie, ch., «o; 

Coll. per Rev. G. H. Brigham, Dist. SecV Alle- 
ghany Asso., Belmont, ch., (of wh. 7 is fr. S. S.,) 
X4.X7; Cuba, ch., S. S., 3*75; 

Black River Asso., Carthage, ch., 

Broome and Tioga Asso., Binghampton, ch., 70.46, 
Owego, ch., xo; 

Cayiiga Asso., Auburn, ch., (ofwh. 37X}6 is from 
S. S.,) 7806: Rev. Edgar Smith, 30; Monvia, 
ch., i; Meridian, ch., 5; 

Cbenning River Asso., Southpott, ch., 15.65; Mill- 
port, en., a.70; Horsehead, ch., 17.38; 

Chenango Asso., Greene, ch., 

Cortland Asso , Horner^ ch., 16 88; Grotoo, ch., 
(ofwh. 18.76 is fr S. S.,) 33.76; 

Deposit Asso., Hancock, ch., 13.14; Buckingham, 
en., 5 ; Masonville, ch., 8; Maple Hill, ch , x.35; 
Deposit, ch., to; 

(^nessee Asso., LeRov, ch., 

Hudson River Asso., North Troy, xst ch., for Rer. 
Tames R. Haswell, sum sufficient to pay salary of 
&o Oung^ Men, 50, in gold; for sup. a girb in 
Miss Susie E. Haswell's school, ana habncr for 
general sup. of school, all to constitute Barbara 
Boutelle, William Shaw, Anna E. Bigelow, Bur- 
tonA. Richards, H. L. M., 467.^; Schenectady, 
ch., 50; 

Hudson River Asso . Troy, sth-st ch., of wh. 8.90 
is for sup. nat. pr., Ko Oung Moo, 

Livingston Asso., Lima, ch., 47.50; Mt. Morris, ch., 

Madison Asso., Hamilton, xst ch., (ofwh. 30 is from 
S.S. for Miss Haswell's sch.,) 356.08; Madisoo, 
ch. and S. S.. (of wh. 35 is for sup. Rev. M. Bron- 
son'ssch.,) 63. 15; 

Mohawk River Asso., Little Falls, ch., xa ; Rev. A. 
M. Prentice, 5 : 

Munroe Asso., Rochester, ad ch., x8x : D. A. Moae- 
ley, 35; Greece, ch., xa; N. Parma, ch., xo; 
Brockport, Prof. F. B. Palmer, xo; 

35; Wilson, ch., 33: 
Onondaga Asso., Eldridge, ch., 57.50; CamilUis, 

89.1 1 ; Syracuse, xst ch., 70.80; 
Ontario Asso., Seneca Falls, ch., (ofwh. 3 is from 

S. S.,) 18: Bristol, B. F. Phillips, 10: 
Oswego Also., Oswego, xst ch., X3.15: Ceatral-aq. 

ch., 15.86: 
Saratoga Asso., Stillwater, ad ch., 
Seneca Asso., Waterioo, ch., 4: Romulus, ch., 

17.75: Watkins. Rev. C. W. Brooks, 5: 
Stubcn Amo., Call HiUt ch.! 








W. Gnui-i E, _, 
S. Ucvkiiu, 
R». O. DodH, J3kt. Sec^Lmc Uuid 
BnwUTn, inch., bal., lyii Ceaml ch., 

: Calnl<^, 11 
;: BimUyD, C 

5 ao GcrnUDi 

Kin-Ccntnl Aho., R«.Gcor*E M. Stcne, 
C. CuiDi, 5: Hin A. A. Cm, 1: Him 

. N. v. Am^ Nnr Yoik, Ccotnl ch, baL, 
lonh cb., tHl., 14.1D; Piliria ch., i;s^; 

imin ch., ^; Sinb-n. cli., ii.Si: Stwi- 
ttich., B^: HcDoun], ch., it: lU ch., 
i«e ii &. P. E. AndcnOD for lop., cue Q 
-pBHCT, 79J.07: Triniiych., biL, j! FUlb- 
.,604.71; lu Uluion cb., HBi liukm, 
, liit: V. Y. TibenudB ch., 71(54: D. 
. Pon Cbcvn, s; HHlbaiHn. di., m put, 
•JS.IO B <i. Fouk Hin. SocVJ ■.loo.cs: 
!]ht£, 11.49:, bd^ <<■: CB. 
Uh ror lup. ThuT, an Mr. Goixlca, k: « 
RhKT N. Aho., BadM^ <di., 78.te: Ubi 

AtB., Mcitb-Eui ch., 

Rer. J^ V. Ambls, DiK. SecV Hmiltmi, 
. C. AnniMn, in A. B. Pub. Soc^, 

HEW JEKSBY, $4.m74. 

•X IS chnteh. J. O. HiUjer, tr., ijjj; 
lotg;. Ill ch.,L. K. Clough.u., 19.50; Pu- 
1 fnend, ».5o; Mr. A. W. Rocen, lowud 
tCT. D, IL^lnke. 515: South Riner, eh.. 
New Bnumvk, Voudi'i Fouk Uu^ 
K^neftJT*. <*■ t D- Sta RnkUpb, Kns- 

'e. SlDckbridH, 1 1 N'ewu1c,XS%uld, i : 
R«. O. DodEe, biR. Si^ Monh N. I. 
Newvk, 5hemian.avi' '!■■— i- — «■"•■ 
, ch., 7.14; MiI1inc» 
r,cb.,4.50^ Hoboken, 

e, cfa-i (of which i< 

. AiiD.,k«nik, Sihch., 4ia94: Sth di., 
R-OmeU, iw: Jcnn Citf, iii ch^bd- 
ljd; Flainfield, CatnldL, i)B-47i Eliu- 

Rn. ^ V. Aablrr, Wot Jeney Auo., 

, iKch,, ito: Viadaod, 
"' "'" p 7: CBmdcn.Tr' 

MulURi, cb.. 

irOle, cb., i7.yi: Saltni. IK ch., 06.4(1 
mni, cb.. 13.50: Bncrty,c)i., [ofwh. ju 


emowB, cb., Trenuo, 

biL, 61.G0; CcDtnl cb., (ofwb. i&j} ii 
fscHgKyma.canJ. ILHa*Hll,)57.99: 
d, cb., 911.7C; Hulban, cb., 14: 
.J- A«o., BdTidm, cb., j: CherrTriUe, 
Flsniagus, ch., ms-Jo: Kingwoad, ch., 


lii, WUHwn Bucluull, !,«: H*lde U. 
IL. ids; Mr. and Hit. M. R. Ti«w, Sod; 
and Emma Wanie, t< ; 
(, Hn. M. G. Tucker, _3o: Sciuuii, ch., 

14 « It. S. S.,) 84.00; So. AuhniB, ch.. 1; 
•am, RcT, 1. D, Cricbel. i.™; Upland. 

U. CiQtcr, 1,000: J. l^wit Crocr. ceo: 
■dd. ch. (I. UiDcr, a; a inanbB. iK 4; 

Ret. J. V. Aiibkt, Din. Sai^ FhUa. 
(JttaBd, cb., jyas: Itrt. X. C Knvwla, 

>; Meiiionalch..(of irbich£a.BD 
^19; Rotboio, ch., 100; Ponay 

Ponarillt, S. S.. j; 


1. (aCmi 

-- . 3'So; 4th ch., Mi» Lcwia, 5: _._„ . _,, 

Ccmemiialch., 17: Great, j.di; New- 
lon-iquare cb.,; W. PhLla., Oak^l. ch^ ».«: 
i«ch.,<o(irh. ijoatiomS, S,) iri.sf. Dea. J. 
Tolmao.i: Falli SchuylkUl, ch., (of wb. i< it fr. 
S. S..) 34.14 ; Mn. S. F. Abbott 50 for Houng 
Kyau, care R=v. J. R, HaiweU, iQthcb„S.S,; 
for NcUorc MiuioDi. 90; Beib Edca, ch., iBo. jS: < 
Notlh Fhila.Auo., iil ch , DansvUlc, ch., 
30;, [otwh..8iifr.S.S.,)j9.j7: So. 
BiDad<, 104.09; Olivet ch.,Hn. A. Hoiton, 
6; Bethuiy, ch., 7.1a: Mc. Pleaiani. ch.. (of «b. 

Piitibuca Ahd,, Peiiii4TE. ch,, (of wh. 41,10 is ft. 
S. S. i5r UouDg Kyau, caie Rct. J. R. huwell,); 4ih.Bveniie ch,, S. S., 50.97; AHeBheuy. 
[<,4o: 5aiidutky.u.^.lf<«..i^.,p^ 

can W. W. (Tampbell, S"; Eliiabeib, ch , 11,17; 
Cenlra] Union Asm,, Viucail, cb.. i»; Eaii Naut- 

meal, ch., 5 75: WotCbaler, ill ch., iS: 
French Cr«k Asia, Mn, R. C. Auitin, Franklin, 

30, for tup. girl in MiuS. E, HuweU'i ichool; 

Geo^eb>wd, ch.. la.Soj Mo&iDIov ' "' - 
Northumberland Auo., Lewiiburg, 

BUMDiiiuUi, ch,, it.U: Wiltiat 

i«rt^iKr.siiror.pi,,a«w. , 

While Deer, ch,, 10,36; Elimipon, ch , 6.10; 
Reading Auo., Reading, iit cb-, (of wb. 10 ii from 

S.Sl^4o; MUIenlowa. ch.. 6.75; 
Finiton, ch., u; FlcmiyTillc, cli,, 40.6;; Blakely, 

Ch„i5; AldeiuTiUe,ch..s.56; Clinion, ch.. 9.B0; 

.-V ,.7.._lA cu._._._...._g g s 


^Welshcli.,i'i.^_. , 

13.75; JeB^; HiukhrCieA, cbuich. 6; 
(^Ceuboro, ch., 4; RDuierille, ch., 5; Aiigr>ia. 

DELAWARE, $19,0*. 
CdL pB Rer. J. V. Ambler, IHn. Sac'y Wihning- 
OHIO, Sj,36j,8a. 

Cbaterrille, N. C. Joy, 3; Cambridge, Rev. J. 
Deeu. 4: Kingivdle, &., Sj.ij; Twinthurg, 
UaryA. Williami, 1; Williamroort, D., $3; Con- 
ncaui, ch^(of»h4.B5i5fr. S.S.) 10.65, 

Coll. per Rev. Thoi. Allen, Dut. Sec'y Ravenna. 
Mra. L. L. Ilarr, 

Ashubuli Alio,, Aihtobuli, ch., 94,80: hladium, 

Angli^'i^uo., Kalida, Eira Hicks, 

Cleveland A»o..Ueve]and, iHcb,47('83; >d ch.. 

So; Trinity ch., as; Faineiville, ch., balance, a ; 
Dyalioii,ch., (ofwh. 5 iifr. S.S.,)e.63: Colum- 

CUnuin As50^ Creenlield, S. S., I 

Byn, caie Dt. Ciok, 
Columbui Auo.. Columbui, cb., 3 

lege.Mri, Ann> M. M'Leod, j 
Coihocton Auo., 

aup, of Shway 

Ts^l^^' ch" 
Elyria, 7.95; Kui 

b, (of wh- ao ia from S. S., 
V. k, HcKibbeni-miuioB 
, a-7oj Ura. J, Kingsbury, 

I 15-70; Camden, cb., ic; 
on, clu, 15,40; PenfieU, 

MaoiEeld Auo-,, 9A>: AablanJ. John 

Tbomp»n. 35 ; Loudentille, 3; 
Maumee Aiu.. Hukins, ch., 1.50; Toledo. Olive- 
- " ' ' p. Mya, care Ifev. A, Bunker, asi 

DUIh Toledo. 1. 
IcConnelnllle, c. 

_.- — - — jn Auo..Cunownri5; Dajion, 
(of wh. to ii fr. S, S. low. nip. Taboo Karen, pr. 
Henthada, 9a5.&a' ' --- ^^ ■ .1— l — 

Valley, ch., 6-30; 
r. lu'p.^abi 




S.S. (ofwh. 35 isfr. S. S. for Kkn Ral, care 

Rev. A. Bunker, 168.80: Lisbon, ch.» and S. S., 

8.15: Union, ch., 3.75 
Miami Asso., Cincinnati, qUi St., (of wb. 95 is ftooL 

S. S. for sup. of Thapyee Yan, nat. pr.. per care 

Rev. A Bunker,) 237; zst ch., (of wnicn 15 is for 

sup. Tamoo Koo, lad in Dr. Cross' sch.») 81.04. 

Franklin, ch., 13: Madiaonville, ch., xo.43: Mid- 

dletown, cli., 30: 
Mt. Vernon Asso., Chester, ch., 6: Owl Creek, 15 : 
Scioto Asso., Newark, ch.| 
Seneca Asso., Clyde, ch., 3<; Republic, ch., a; 
Trumbull Asso., Warren, cL, 
Wooster Asso., Canton, ch., 
Zanesville Asso., RockviUe, ch., 
Columbus Asso., Granville, Mrs. S. Thresher's class 

of little girls to sup. a little girl in Miss Field's sch., 
Miami Union Asso., Linden-ave. ch., 50: Dayton, 

Wayne-st ch., 13.18 Springfield, ist ch., 60 

Trinity, balance, 5 
East Fort Asso., Clermont Academy, di., 
Miami Asso., Cmcinnati, gth-st. ch., 15 Hamilton, 

ch., 14.48 
Strait Creek Asso., New Market, S. S., 

INDIANA, $896.86. 

Vevav, J. L. Theiband, zo : Auburn, ist ch., mon. 
coll., 4; Summit, ch. (ofwh. X; gold, is fr. Mrs. 
Amelia Crampton), a.04: Indianapolis, ist ch., 
Truth-seekers Bible Class, to be expended in Nm 
work, care Rev. £. W. Clark, 18.65; South Bend, 
Peter Stocker, 30 : 

Coll. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. SecV Indianap- 
olis Asso , Indianapolis, North ch. (ot wh. 3.87 is 
fr. S. S. infant class tow. sup. of Gunja in school 
at Gowalpara, 18.5a; First ch., 550; SoiUb-ct. ch., 

Madison Asso., Madison, ch., 

Logansport Asso., Loeansport, ch.. 

Northern Ind. Asso., Valparaiso, 

Bedford Asso., Btoo<ninfftoO| Rev. L. Moss, D.D., 

Currys Prairie Asso., S. M. Stimson, 

Flat Rock Asso., Greeasburgh, ch., 5; Bftss Irene 

Stimson Carius, 5; 
Seymour, ch., 6.3^; L. D. Carpenter, 100; 

ILLINOIS, $5,151.35. 

Tremont, Mrs. Katy Roberts. 7; JacksonvOle, zst 
ch., 100; Bloomington^ mend, ao; Mehotnct, 
ch., for sup. of Rev. D. H. Drake, ao; Foo^ 
hontas. Rev. Peter Long, for China Mission, z; 
Champaign, ch , with previous donations, to 
const. Ebenezer E. Lewis, H. L. M., 7; Alton, xst 
ch., per D. D. Ryrie, 3x4.33; 

Coll. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. SecV Edwards- 
ville Association, Bunker Hill, Mrs. Jonn T. How- 
ard, 3C ; ch., 7.3^; Alton, xst ch., S. S., to be ex- 

e^ded under durection of Rev. M. Jameson, x6; 
pper Alton, ch., 86.40; students of Shurtleff Col- 
lege for Rev. D. H. Drake, xo.38; LitcUleld, ch., 
a friend, 2; Woodbum, eh., Willuun Colther, 3; 
Quincy Asso., Gr^^ville, ch. (ofwh. y. is fir. S. S. 
for nat. prs., care Rev. R. £. Neighbor), zoa; 
Barxy, S. S., for sup. of Moung Woung, 100; 
Bloomneld Asso., Tuscola, Rev. P. FozIm, i ; Cham- 

CouTper'Rev. c' F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y Blooming- 

z,iox 50 

wh. xo is it. Rev. W. E. Regan and wife,) 10.50; 
Hudson, ch., bal., 8.53; Melamora, ch., 4; Nor- 
mal ch., ao; Panola, ch., 5; Pontiacc^, aa; To^ 
wanda, xo; Tremont, ch. (ofwh. za is tr. Dea. 
Sperry). x8; Washburn, ch., 8.75; Wenona, Peter 
Howe, for sup. nat. pr., care Rev. N. Brown, 150; 
Chicago Asso., Austin, ch., XQ.95; Bloomingdale, 
ch., 5; Chicago, Centennial cnurch, 43.80; ad ch., 
406.50; xst Swede ch. (ot wh. z.03 is fr. S. S. 
class nor. for Garo, per care Rev. M. C. Mason, 
45.65 ; Elgin, ch., for sup. Rev. R. £. Neighbor), 
tos; Oak Park, ch f a3.7a; St. Charles, ch., 8.50; 
Wheaton, du, 33; Woodstock, S. S., tow. nip. 
P»aMh, care Kev, J, JS. Chvigk, 7**$', 











•3 3a 



ao 00 











si5 00 

10 00 

as 00 

3 35 

so 00 

SO6 fO 


M9 93 



Dixon Asso., Lena, Rev. N. Carr, x ; Morrison, ch., 
35*75: Sterling, ch., 51 ; 

Fox Kiver Asso., Aurora, xst ch., D. Valentine, $; 
Union, ch., X9.35; Batavia, C. Wightman, 5; Big 
Rock, ch., 6.35; Chicago, ist ch. (ofwh. ^ isfr. 
S.S. for stu. in Ongole Normal sch., and x for 
Apinta, care Dr. Brownson), 835.50; 4th ch. (of 
wh. 35 is ix. S. S. for Bible reader, 25 from W. T. 
Sherer for nat. pr., care Dr. Urownson, and as 
fr. Bible Class) , 378 03 ; Michi|puuave ch. ((^ wlu 
3 80 is the Arthur memorial gift), 33.80; Millanl- 
ave. ch., (ofwh. 5 is fr. S. S.,) 33.40; North Star 
ch , z.^o; University-];>lace ch., 35x^5; Western* 
ave. ch., 60.15; Pattison Miss'y Soc'y TheoU, 

Sec'y, 7.35; Downers Grove, ch^ ''*^' ^^f^ 
wood, ch. (ofwh. xo is ix. Rev. F. G. Thearies), 



CO., 3 ; nyoe rark, en. , 10 ; nigoiand Jraric, Kev. 
J. D. Cole and daughter,5; W. J. Hammoad, zo; 
zs; Joliet, ch., (ofwh. 6.08 is from S. S.,} 76.30; 
iCuiesville, ch., 19; Lemont, ch., 6.50; Locicport, 
ch., 5 ; Newark, oi., S. S.,ibr stu. in Ram.S«cn'y* 
care Miss Higby, 10; Plainfield, ch., i7*75> Sand- 
wich, ch., 8; Somonauk, German ch.. Rev. H. 
Wemich, tow. sup. Rev. A. A. Newhall, 3; 

Gilman Asso., East Lynn, ch , fr. Hall Bros., 4; 
Grant Park ch., 8.34; Kaodcakee, ch., 33.97; 
Loda, ch., 1 ; 

Ottawa Asso., Amboy, ch. (ofwh. 18.79 is fr. S. S. 
tow. sup. Habe, care Rev. R. E. Neighbor. Now- 
snng), 43.60; Dover, ch., 9.^0; Laneviile, Mrs. 
£. Porter, 50; Marseille, S. S,, low. sup. atu. in 
Ramapatam Seminary, 5; Mendota, ch., (ofwh. 
3^.97 IS fr S. S. for Garo Mission, and 10 fr. Mrs. 
N.K. Olds,) 153.44^ Pau Pau, ch.. zo; Shabbo- 
na, A. Bailey smdwife, a : steward, W. F. Carpen- 
ter. 3.50; Sublette, ch., (ofwh. 5.23 is mon. con. 
coll., and 50 is fr. Rev. A. S. Mcrrifield and wife, 
for Ongole College,) 73 ; 

Peoria Asso^ Canton, ch. (ofwh. 3u>5 is fr. Young 
People's Miss*y Band), 36.05; Galewurg, ch., fol 
wh. so is fr. S. S. for sup. Boparam, care Rev. R. 
E. Keighbor,) xio^o; Cjalena, ch., (ofwh. Z4 is 
fr. S. S. ; a fr. Miss Ayer's class, and 5 fr. Bros. 
Burnett, Palmer, Beecher, Wilson, Rev. J. M. 
Coons and wife,) 85; Kewanee, ch., 37; Lacon. 
ch. (ofwh. t is fr. Rev. J. P. Agennroad ana 
^■nfe)/ 7'So> untario, ch. (ofwh. a is firom Young 
People 8 Band, and .75 fr. Masters Moose's Mis- 
sion Box), Q.75: 

Rock Island Asso., Annawan, ch., 5 ; Cordova, ch., 
44; Moline, ch., 33.50; Swede ch., 56.57; Rock 
Island, ch., 4*50; 

Rock River Asso., Belvidere, xst ch. fof wh. 30.50 
u fir. S. S. for C. A. Roe, Nowgong Normal Sen., 
care Rev. R. £. Neighbor), 45.50; South ch., iat 
sup., Mrs. NewhalL xoo; Marengo, ch. (of which 
ZOO is fr. EUas and F. W. Patrick lor sup. Kondiah, 
care Rev. D. H. Drake, and to const. Miss EUa 
O. Patrick, H. L. M., and 84^3 fr. S. S. ; Co from 
G. B. Adams, ac fr. Kev. A. B. White, and ao fr. 
Dea. Woodwortn), 399.87; Rockford, xstch., 36; 
Stillman Valley, ch., 34.78 : 

Salem Asso-, Farmers Township^ a ; Oquawka^ ch., 
0.35: Roseville, ch., 65.90; Sciou, Mrs. £. A. 
Sbeller, 5; J. Logan, 5; 

Western German Conference, for Ramapatam Miss., 

Makenda, S. P. Brigham and wife, 5 ; Quincy, Ver. 
mont-st. ch., 31.35; ^t* Sterling, ch., 3.50; 

MICHIGAN, $947.19. 

Yuba. Samuel H. Sayler, 5; Jacksen, Rev. I. But- 
terfield, 36.84; Coldwater» John P. Fiske, 5; St. 
Johns, zst ch., (ofwh 1.55 is fr. S. S.,) 8; Eaton 
Rapids, ch., so; Alpena, zst ch., Fr^. S. (Good- 
rich, tr., 53.34; Pewamo, Mrs. Frances S. Doug- 
las, 5; 

Coll. per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'y Kalama- 
aoo Asso . Plainville, ch.. 6.3^: Marshell, ch., 
0.56; Kauunazoo, ch., (01 whicn ZQO.53 is firocn 
S.S.,) ^36.4x; 

Jackson Asso., Eaton Rainds, ch., jlqo; Mapleton, 
ch.,a.35; Grass Lake, Mrs. Elk Dubois, 1; Mrs. 
£. Burchaidtz; 










>. A. P. &autl 3 
in.,' Do Moin 

^■i-. ]B3S; Eh* ch., 

for Hip. Mis. K™liill, 85.40: 
e AHttpCcEtttvillc, ^.,i: £u, ShoBl. 
L.™Biici. N.J, P.,1.30; 
ejr Auo., htewut. cL, 
l*«o.,C»maiicht,ch.. 19.50; Cl*i»oc«, 
rf tbc MiuioDi, II ; Clinira, eh i; aj- 
«. elu, s.Soi Monmouih, ch. 7; Zion ch.^ 
AiB., Uucbaler. ch., (.goi Muquo- 
., lOT Cuo Uiuton, lojo; 
a Rim Auo.. AfUn, D. D. Gngoi? and 
iWBjr AiH., BedfoRl, ch., 

uVer Aao„' Ddu, I. ChnHiuii, fbi T* 
"••.i; Si(nini7,cli.,3.5D: 

.7ABo.,0niuKjC<i.,is: Hinb^iowii, 
'-. 41-75: BoupuK, 


- .. — _- Fcikint, si MariOD) 
ch. (of vb.e each u b. Dea. 

,"ii Fowl^iil^i 

Wi., Ml VenioB, ch., 5.40: Holton, 

ndi Auo'., Cnsd Ripidi, ch., 9g.i6: 

ip.,'Dctioil, III ch., 16.13; Latayeite, 

■*«-j CliotoB. ch., 6; Tpiaanti. foT 

falley Alto., Cmlrtvnie, 
Uso., 0*i>», ch., 

Ur. R. WaJkcT, I ; Laisuc N. ToinT 1 ' 
ST. C. F. Tolman, Disi. S«V, Joy&ld. ' 
Lmrell, Hn. May McCkUab; ■ ; 

Un. Louahrii]K,)of vh. 6.caisfr. S. S. 
iNoriiurSch.7)8j; Spring Cr«k, ch,. 

y A«o., Jeuup, J, F,; fiL«- 
(01 -h. I A> u fr. S. S..) 9; ffaverley, 
h. IS u fr ibe puior, and 11,50 fr. S.S. 
[c Noi. Seh.,) 3o.joi Waiiiloo, ch.. 

ch., (of *t 

Aaao., Kawaoo, db, a; Gle 

JU fr S.S.,) 81.45: W»l™^,^_ 

; Red Oak, ch. (of wh. safe- E. W, Sunu). 
"iTKtca, Re.. R. R, Hairiiri 1-S»; 
Tuch^'R^vei'/w,' WaiAoo, cL, 
Upper DcaMoiMi Auo, Ad», ch. (oTwli. I ii fr. 
C. H. HmtinKMn'i clan), 19; GoMfidd, Rn. 
A, Plumlejr, i; Jiftnon, ch., 6: 
foien Am., Deiuiiian, MibPetda and dan|b- 

ID og Co^'- P 

MISSOURI, tit.aa. 

"sLt. Sec'j. B 
VIRGINIA, $;ai. 

Ml Efiuai Smock), 
Aaao., Oikilooaa^., (of, wh. lo ii b. 
Ncnv|oiiBNoimalSch.,) 40.37; Oirumwa 

iAiKi,,Flinl,ch., 59.11; Flnahiofc eh., 
1. Sa^na*, ch., 1.6a; SanuwCin' *i; 
j.S.,^au|i.KuimclcUh7e.i5: Biypoit. 
: No. BniDch, ch., 1; Isilw City. 4^1 ' 

■ ' " ■ ch., 

W. VIRGINIA, 19.1a. 
Coll. per Rer. Tha, AUen, Diu. SecV, Wheelina, 
ch, ].io; Wm.EUuiR, 11; Cnfton, isKiEn oa 

mooer left I7 link Charlie MaUoDse, j; 

WuhinpoB, E ai. ch., (otwh. n ii &, S. S. MlaL 
Sac,) 53; ad ch., as; Pnf. Wn. Riif^ai, lor 

CoIL per Rn. C. F. Tolou. DiR. S«> CcBtml 
Am., Albert Lea, Rev, N, F. Hor(. a; Autin, 

MiPBetoL-i Auo,, Uimieualii. istch, (of wh. i;,so 
i> fr. S. S. tor iup, Rungiah, care Rev. f.'g. 
Ooiieh), 47.50; nfth-ave. ch., 11,75: Dca. 1. 
SuHey, J jSonhfield, Bey. J, F.Wilco. ODd wife, 
5 : Richlidd, Rev, W. II, Lane. »; Si, Paul S. sl 
for MLu Waid'f icli,, Sibiasor, 181,63: 

Minimota V.llcy Auo., Garden Citv. ch., 

I^oRbeiii Auociatioo, Anoka, ch., 5: Ejk Ri*er, 
G.Kcuing, 1.1,1 MoDikellD.!. R. Lewis, i: 

Souihem Auo,, St. Cbailea ch. (oTwIu i.Bo ii fr. 
WjiyiideGI»nen,.-u>d 10 tr. Ready Helpen). 30; 
Money,..; ^ "^ '^ 

Zumbro Auo., Concord, ch,, a}.5o: Dodge Cmm, 
ch., 11; Ellingtoii, ch., ao.>s: KaBon, elk, f, 
Kenyon, ch., 11.50; Rice Lake, ch., 1.6a; Zutn- 

WISCONSIK. $i,aj9.64. 
Coll, per Rae. C. F, Tolaian, Di«. Sec'y Cenml 

of Hhich 9 o; u fran S.S.,) 
mi, Rer.X, Soiih, ji 
, Baiabon, ch., 101 Bcanr L. 
w Liiban, eh,, for G«d Miia 

L. Hayhi 

1; EtaafStoo, 

i,ch.(of<.hU:faiau!r. RcT. 

r; DariinEtoa, 

LiiiH'Sii'olcAaH.,CiU>»iUe,ji Milwaukee, utch., 
1C8.S5; (ofvhKh 43 11 ban W.H. 
Hanchett tow. lap. ini. pi,, Ningpo, can Rer. 
I.R.Gaddaid,indK>ri,Mii.ErCaie,u>d i8.7( 
fr, S. S, for aiip. Geo. B. Ell«^ ul. pr.. cb« ReV. 
J.E.CIo«gh),iw.)i; Souih ch,, 17,50; Ocono- 
moK.RcY. H.W.Brown, 5; Pewaukee. ch., (si 
■up. Rev. D. H. Drake, 10: TbompuniUlc, ch., 

St. Croix VaUn Aato., BIooduii, I, i>. dacauley 
and wife, ij niidton,d),. 17.J3; MeiwBooicch., 
7; Riyer, jo;, 17; 

Wilwonh Aue,, Delaran, ch^ 4a.,s; Elk Horn, 
RcT, G, A. Cmagy, i; Palmyta, ch., 3.50; 
Sprini Piaine,Hn.C.nuli&,Vi 

aS 40 
48 1a 




Winnebaeo Asso., Appleton ch., 3; TjiinftrHnr, ch., 
10; Oskish, I St ch., C; Ripon, S. S., for sup. 
Rawkce, nnt. pr., care Kcy. M. C. Mason, 25; 

Sheboygan, J. Y . Kuhn, 

CAL1FORNU, $153.40. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist- S«c*y Oakland 
ch., (of wh. 30 is fr. S. S.,) 65; Santa Barbara, 
ch. (of wh. 17 is fr. the Suters fox Mrs. IngaUs 
work), 53: San Dieeo, ch., 33.40; 

Kibesillah, S. B. Hatci»/ 

COLORADO, $4.aa 

Coll. per Rev. C F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y Colorado 
Springs, ch., 3; Denver, a friend, z; 

KANSAS, $154-05. 

Gardner, T. G. Clark. 10: N. Topeka, Mrs. J. L. 
Moore, deceased, 35 ; Manhattan, ch., xa ; Mound 
Valley, ch.,a.55; 

C>)U. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. SecV Atchin- 
son, ch., 8; Hiawath, Dea. Drake, 5; Lawrence, 
ch. (of wh. 10 is fr. Mrs. E. Gunn), 39.50; Leav- 
enworth, ch., 14; Ottawa, ch., (of wh. xo is from 
Mrs. Cutler, and 35 fr. S. S. for sup. stu. in Now- 
gong Normal Sch.,) 35; Paxrallel, A. Eberly and 

WliC % * 

NEBRASKA, $31.94. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman. Dist. Sec'y Hiawatha, 
J. Ogden, c; Nd>raska City, ch., for sup., Bro. 
J. E. Clough, ao.14 ; Omaha, ch., mon. coo., 6.80; 

OREGON, $33.00. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tohnan, Dist. Sec> Eugene 

City, A. B. Campbell, a; Salem, ch., 8; 
Portland, istch., 


Raleigh, H. M. Tupper, x ; £. L. Tupper, x; 



4 00 

49 55 


3X 94 

XO 00 
13 00 

• 00 

TENNESSEE, $43.00. 

N.ishville, fr. teachers and students of Nashville 
Institute, per Rev. D. W. Phillips, ^ 

DAKOTAH, $5.00. 
Vermillion, Rev. E. H. Hurlbutt, 

BURMAH, $xx9.x5. 

Bassein,Rev. S. T. Goodell, contrib'n for 
Boat, Rs., 333 and exchange, 


ASSAM, $5.X9. 

Sibsaeor, contribution of Nga ch., per meet. Rer. 
E. W. Clark, Rs. 10, and exchange, 


East JafTrey, N. II., Dea. John Sander^ 

son, bal. per W. E. Goodnough, Ex'r, $xos 03 
U indsor, Vt., J. P. Skinner, per 

PC". Skinner, Trus., 
Boston, Mass , Thomas P. Foster^ per 

W. II. and Louisa B. Foster. Lxrs, 
Providence R. I., Mrs. Sarah W. Fiskc, 

per. Rev. W. S. McKenzie, Exr, 

Providence, U. I., Kev. 1 Icniy Jackson, 
per R. I. Baptist Sute Convention 

New Lisbon, N. Y., Ninette F. Gregoxy, 

per D. F. Pattingill, Ex'r, 
Maulins. N. Y., Horatio Chapooan, per 

N. H. Chapman, 
Greenfield, O. , Mary Voss, bal. per Thos. 

M. Boyd, Ex'r, 
Franklin, Ind., Sam'l Dow, per Sande- 

fur & Wilson, Attys, 

Donations and legacies fr. Apr. x, '76, to Mar. x, '77, 

•* " •* *• •« "Apr.x,'77, $i59.i4< 

X4 xo 

500 00 

soo 00 

35 00 

300 00 

xo 00 

too 00 

500 00 





MAINE, $a6.oo. 

St. George, ad ch., 3: Nobleboro, ist ch., 5: Ban- 
croft, P. Bear, 1 ; New Gloucester, Dea Rowe, 
5: Topsham, Edith's Miss'ybox, 5: Woolwich, 
ch., 7: 

VERMONT, $73.»5. 

Vershire, Rev. E. P. Merrilield, 3.73; Jericho, cl^ 

fof wh. X6.76 is fr. the Female Miss. SocV, Julia A. 

Balch, tr.,) 18.76; Weybridge, Helen Stewart, 3; 

St George, Henry Lawrence, 5; Townshend, ch., 

ao; East Dover, ch., <: 
Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKenzie, Dist. Secretary 

Brookline, ch., 7; Ludlow, ch., bal., .70; Pas- 

siunpsic, ch., ia.07; , 


Arlington, ch., J. S. Crosby, tr.. too; Franklin 

Asso., Coleraine, ch., J. B. Barawell, tr., 10.35; 

Methuen, ch., S. S., for missy work, care Miss 

Gage, 30: No. Scituate, Miss Lucy Briggs, too; 

Nahant, (Mrs. C. H. Johnson, 5; Mr. W. J. 

Johnson, 9,) 7; Hingham, ch., Joiq>h Ripley, tr., 

Boston, Shawmut-ave., ch., C. C- (Converse, tr., xo; 

Ruggles-street church, 95; Mrs. Gohring, t.50: a 

friend, 5; 
Chehnsford, xst ch., a friend, 30: Millbury, ch., ^; 

Rockport, ch., xo; No. Middleboro, Mrs. J. H. 

Hooper, 9: Middleboro, 3d ch., 30; Cotuit FOrt, 

Rev. W. W. Ashley, 9.80: 
Oiatoa, ch,, for sup. S. R. Solooon, Vencutiah, 
OMt. pr,, cMre Rev. J. E. Clough, 

96 00 

S3 48 
«9 77 

«53 »5 

4X 50 

106 80 

Haverhill, Mrs. Jane Harris, a; W. Dedham, ch., 

Northboro, ch., S. W. Norcross, tr., 15; Jamaica 

Plain, ch., B. F. Cutter, tr., 67.98; Chelsea, Rev. 

John Holbrook, 3; 
Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKenaie, Dist. Sec'y, cash, 

RHODE ISLAND, $74.00. 

Providence, South ch., 4; Brown-st. ch., G. D. 
Wilcox, M.D., 30; 

Newport, ad ch., Mrs. A. A. Wilbur, S. S. class, for 
sup. nat. prs. m Ram Thel. Sem., 

Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKenzie, Dut. Sec'y, Tiver- 
ton, ch., 

CONNECTIC:UT, $137.74. 

So. Windsor, ch., xi.84; East Haddam, Miss A. H. 

Stannard, 10; Rideebury, Lewis Reynolds. 7.80; 

Groton, Capt. E. Morgan, 100; No. Colebrook, 

fr. friends in Bap. ch , a ; Saybrook, ist ch., 3.30; 
Coll. per Rev. W. S. McKenzie, Dist. Sec'y Ston- 

ington, 3d ch., 

NEW YORK, $44x.38. 

Ansable Forks, S. S., 8; Albion, Rev. G. C. Walker, 
7; So. Livonia, Rev. R. Marean, so; Brooklyn, 
C W. Green, of xst ch., for sup. of an orphan 
under care Mrs. S. R. Ward, 30; Berne ft Knox, 
ch., 10; Coming, Ladies Soc'y, Mrs. F. K. Fow- 
ler, tr., 6.80; 

ColU per Rev. G. H. Brisham, Dist. Sec'y AUegha- 
ny Asso., Friendship, en., 

Black River Asso., Adams, ch., X7.35; Adams Vil- 
lase, ch., 4.60; 

Corttand Asm., Thiztoo, ch. 9; Gxoioo, ch., x.91 ; 









LeRoy, ch., 1.B5; Wyoming, ch., 

^. Asso., Waterford, ch., 
, Syracuse, Central ch., 
Howard, ch., 

rs. Ann Cauldwell, to be used in 
at discretion of Rev. M. C. Mason, 
0. Dodge, Dist. Sec'y Long Island 
d-ave. en., 30; Centennial ch., 90; 

Asso., ad Mission ch., 
I Kent ch., 

NEW JERSEY, $199.98. 

rth ch., 

J. y. Ambler, Dist. Sec'y Camden, 

>avis, 10; sd ch-, 17; 

O. podge, Dist. Sec'y East N. f . 

Plains, a friend, .50; Somerville, 
Vestfield, ch., 33.50: Newark, South 

Olive ch., 3.6a; 


V friends, 11.50; Phila. 50th ch., (of 
S.,) 35.80; a friend, ao; 5th ch., per 
urk, 170.41 ; 

f. V. Ambler, Dist. Sec'y, Blakelv. 
iVm. K. Mott, 10 : Milton, ch., 10; 
I 5*50; Jersey Shore, ch., 1650; 
rs. J. J. B., 5 ; Oakdale, Mrs. E. 
er Providence, bal., 1.50; Anden- 
:h., 5; Plymouth, Welsh ch.. x»; 
ad ch., bal., .50; Berean ch., Phila., 
- Marion, ch., 36.90; Harrisburg, 

OHIO, $a4S 86. 

S., «emi-annual paym't tow. sup. 

care Miss Fielde, 

Phos. Allen, Dist. Sec'y Ashtabula 


3., West Lafayette, Rev. J. F. 

, Delaware, ch , 

Toledo, ist ch., S. S., for sup. To- 
r. Dr. Cross, 

Aso., Bellefontaine, ch., 3; Dayton, 
14.15; Urbana, S. S., for sup. Pee 
f. A. Bunker, 2$ ', 

[amilton, ch., balance, a; Lebanon, 
wh. xo.11 is fir. S. S.,) >6 39; Lock- 
:n, for sup. Moune Kyau, nat. pr., 
Bunker, 50; MiddDetown, ch., tml., 
ills, ch.,; 
io., Chester, ch., bal., 7; Radnor, 

INDIANA, $6.00. 

S. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'y Tippe- 
VI t. Carmel, ch., 
3., Logansport, ch., 

ILLINOIS, $387.90. 

nith, go', Payson, ch., for sup. Sar- 
a stu. in Serampore College, India, 

. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'y Carrolton 
rille, ch., 

ney, ch., a.90; Shilo, ch., x.65; 
, Flora, ch., 

. F.Tolman, Dist. Sec'y Blooming- 

elevan, ch.,; Lmcoln, ch.. 

City, S. S.f (of wh. 4 is fr. Ladies 

all (or mission work, care Rev. D. 


Chicago, Nordish Bap. Tabernacle, 

, ch., 6.50; Elgin, d. S., tow. sup. 

e Rev. M. C. Mason, 36.25; Whea- 

h. 15 is fr. young ladies,) ai ; Wood- 

mon. con., tow. sup. Panab, cart 


x8 80 

13 50 

63 OS 

a 50 

a 00 

ao 00 

So 00 

139 00 
10 00 
13 91 

34 36 
a7 00 

138 6a 

—7 7« 

an a3 



33 7« 











39 50 





as 90 

33 M 
4 55 
X 40 

35 75 

Dixon Aaso., Morrison, ch., 3.50; Shannon, E. 

Northey and wife, 5; 
Fox River Asso., Highland Park, Mrs. Julia Reese, 

9< ; Morris, ch. (of wh. 3.17 b fir. Bro. fanes' S. S. 

cuss), tl*43: Norman, Dea. J. R. Haymon, for 

stu. G^ro Nor. Sch., 5; Piano, ch., A. T<^man, 

1 ; Twelve Mile Grove, ch., 4 ; 
Guman Asso., Loda, ch., 
Ottowa Asso., LaMoille, ch.. for Garo Mission, of 

which ao is fr. E W. Kendall for. stu. in Nor. Sch., 
Rock Island Asso., Geneaeo, 5 each from Bm. Liui- 

gridge, Barse & Fisher, 
Salem Asso., rail Creek, ch., 

IOWA, $105.00. 

Oskaloosa, ch. , and with other donations, to const. 

Dr. H. C. Huntsman, H. L. M., 
Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y Cedar Yal- 

ley Asso., Mason City, J. S. Wheeiec; 
Coon Yalley Asso., Perry, ch., 
Dubuoue Asso., Cascade, ch., 
Linn Asso., Martelle, Bro. DeWttt, 
Oskaloosa Asso., Ashland, ch., 
Turkey River Asso., McUregor, Bro. Amotd and 

wife, i<; Bro. Barron, xo; Bro. Ckapin, a; Miss 

Abby Arnold, .50; 

MICHIGAN, $xo8.49. 

ColL per Rev. S. M. Stimson, Dist. Sec'v Flint 

River Asso.^ Watertown, ch., a; Bumsioe, ch., 

X.35: Bay City, S. S., 4: 
Kalamazoo Asso., Scbookiaft, ch., 
Jackson Asso., Waterkx>« ch., xaso; Clear Lake, 

ch., 3; 
Shiawasse Asso., Correenna, ch., 
Michigan Asso., Rochester, ch., 5; Detroit, La* 

(avette-ave. ch., (o; 
St. Joseph River Asso., Buchanan, ch., 4; Wea- 

sau, ch., 3.50; 
Lenewee Asso., Fairfield, ch., 

MINNESOTA, $91.00. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tohnan, Dist. Sec'y Central 
Assa , Austin H. Marsh, 

Southern Asso., LeRoy, ch., 5 ; Winona, C L. Bon- 
ner and wife, for erecting a students' house in 
Ramapatam, care Rev. R. R. Williams, 60; 

Zimbro Asso , Byron, ch.. X5; Concord, Mrs. E. P. 
Hillman, 5 ; Wasioja, ch., 5 ; 

WISCONSIN, $38.35. 

Spring Water, Welsh ch., a. 10; Brant. C. Plimp- 
ton, I ; widow Jenkins and son.; S. Todd, 5; 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y Central 
Asso., Waupaca, ch., 

St. Croix Valley Asso.. Eau Claire, ch., 

Wiimebago Asso., Benin, ch., 

KANSAS, $ss-oo. 

Eldorado, Miss Sarah P. Hulbatt, 5; Gardner, T. 
S. Clark, ao; 

NEBRASKA, $9aoo. 

Coll. per Rev. C. F. Tolman, Dist. Sec'y* Nebraska 
City, ch., 

CALIFORNU, $xa.9o. 

Dixon, £. H. Southard, a; Vaocaville, Mrs. F. M. 
Stewart, 1} Mrs. L. S. Burchaated, 1 ; Big Pine, 
Rev. A. Clark, 8.90; 

MARYLAND, $a5.oo. 

Baltimore, 7th ch., 


ColL per Rev. Thos. Alien. Dist. Sec'y Oxaftoo, 
ch., (of which 7.8a is fiom S. S.0 

8 50 

50 43 
7 xo 

xoi xa 

x5 00 
so 00 

40 00 

10 00 
7 00 

xo y> 
a 00 
a ao 

•7 So 

a 64 

X3 50 
5 00 

55 00 

7 50 
«7 S« 

X 00 

65 00 
35 00 

9 35 

9 00 
xo 00 
xo 00 

9$ 00 

ao 00 

xa 90 

as 00 




Rooms, Tremont Temple, Boston. 

CORRBSFONDINC Sbckbtary, Rbt. J, N. MURDOCK, D.D.. to whom letters relating to home work and missi 
the Union should be addressed. 

Trkasurkr, freeman A. SMITH, Esq., to whom letters containing money for the general treasury she 
addressed: also letters relating to Wills. Drafts, Checks, and Postal Money Orders, except for the publications, should be 
in his (avor. Friends wishing to forward goods to missionaries through the Treasurer, should send him by mail a schedule 
contents and valuation of the package, with express or railroad receipt. 


Nbw Enguind District. — Rsv. W. S. McKbnzib, D.D., Tremont Temple, Boston. 

HuDSON-RivBR District. — Rrv. O. Dodgb, 8 Murray Street, New York. 

Nbw- York Cbntral District. — Rbv. Gbo. H. Brigham, 94 South Salina Street, Syracuse, N.Y. 

SotrmBRN District.— Rbv. J. V. Amblbr, 1490 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 

MiDDLB District. — Rbv. Thomas Allbn, Dayton, O. 

Lakb District. — Rbv. S. M. Stinson, D.D., Terre Haute, Ind. 

North-Wbstbbn District. — Rev. C. F. Tolman, 71 Randolph Street, Chicago. 


^]\e Womkq's Skpti^t ^i^^ioH^ ^odiety, So^ton 

Mrs. Alvah Hovsv, Cor. Sec., Newton Centie. If ks. J. H. S. Wiluahs, Trees. Tremont Temple, Bottoo. 

Tlje WomknV ©^)ti^t }Ai^^m^ ^odety of tlje We^t, C\\iih4o. 

Mks. a. M. Bacon, Cor. Sec., Dundee, ID. Ifiis' C R. Blackall, Tieas., 71 Randolph Street, alicago. 

Mrs. F. M. Conro, Cor. Sec., San Francisco. Mrs. M. £. Wattson, Treas,, San Francisco. 


I also give and bequeath to Thb Ambrican Baptist Missionary Union ■ dollars, for the purposes of the Ur 

specified in the Act oi Incorporation. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the Treasurer 
aid Union, their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in the Act of Incorporation. 


I also give, bequeath, and devise to Thb Ambrican Baptist Missionary Union, one certain lot of land with the 
ings thereon standing [A#rv detcrihe ike Remises wUk exactmu aud pariictiUriiy], to be held and possessed by thi 
Union, their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in the Act of Incorporation. 


Can be mailed direct from any Post-Office in the United States, at the following rates per Aai/'-atmcg : •^ 

BtntMAM, Assam, Madras, io cenu, via Brindisi, Southampton, or Geraum Mail. 

Japan, and Ningpoo, China, via California, 5 cents. 

bwATOw, China, 10 cents. 

Bankok, Siam, via Soutbaa^too, 97 cents, and 31 cents via Brindiii. 

EtmoPBAN Lbttbrs, 5 cents. 

Friends who may prefer to forward their letters throu^ the Missionary Rooms can enclose them, with the postage 
rvv&yw 4Sncted toF.A. SittTU, Tipeaiuzer, Tremont Temple, Bostoa, who wlB maD them with the official corroponden 




Vol. LVIL — JULY, 1877. — No, 7. 




Providence, R.I., Tuesday, May 22, 1877. 

The American Baptist Missionary Union assembled in the First Baptist Church at 
ten o'clock, a.m. In the absence of the President of the Union, Rev. Barnas Sears, 
p.D., LL.D., the Corresponding Secretary, Rev. J. N. Murdock, D.D., called the meet- 
iiJg to order, and read a letter from Dr. Sears in which he said that on account of a 
recent illness, from which he had not sufficiently recovered to make the journey with 
safety, he would not be able to be present ; and renewed a request made at the last 
^niversarv of the Union, that he should not be considered a candidate for re-election : 
not that his interest in the work of the Union was diminished, or that he would decline 
^y useful or needful service, but because in his judgment some one living nearer the 
^t of operations could do in various ways what he could not do at so great a distance. 

The first Vice-President of the Union, Rev. E. G. Robinson, D.D., of Rhode Island, 
*as then called to the chair. 

After singing the hymn, — 

"The morning light is breaking," — 

tlie Scriptures were read by Rev. E. H. Gray, D.D., of Washington, D.C. ; and prayer 
Was offered by Rev, W. W. Everts, D.D., of Illinois. 
President Robinson then addressed the Union substantially as follows : — 

The enterprise ^ou have assumed to prosecute is not of doubtful ori^n, nor is there any 
QQcertainty as to its conclusions. It was not bom in time, nor of the will of man ; and its 
completion shall be wBen time shall be no longer. The eternal purpose which our enterprise 
seeks to fulfil began to be fulfilled when the foundations of the earth were laid, and the canopy 
of the heavens was stretched. In the progress of its fulfilment it has unfolded to our eyes in 
fairer, clearer lines than any prophet or apostle ever saw it, assuring our faith and ouick'ening 
OQT hope ; and the inducements to engage in it with redoubled energy are multiplying with 
eadi successive generation. There is the one great argument which can never be exhausted, 
^ the worth of the souls which our gospel proposes to save, — an argument inexhaustible, 
descending to deeps which no human mind can fathom, and rising to heights which no 
iniagmatioa can ascend. And there is the argument of that standing commandment, which, 
Repeat it as we will, never becomes threadbare, — the commandment of our Lord, uttered when, 
i^t ready to ascend, he spread his hands over his disciples, and said to them as he still says to 
^ J* Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature." That command, as 
a& inducement, opens itself to us with ever-increasing richness, with every successive assem- 
^g of ourselves together. 

VOU IVIL 7 \i\ 

1 62 Sixty-Third Annual Meeting. [July, 

And there are other inducements, which are multiplying with the progress of our race 
The contributions of our missionaries to the work of science, tributary to tne work of God, 
are not to be despised by us. He who built the world also spoke the word; and they who 
study the works of the hand of our Creator find his voice written thereon. The missionaries 
have contributed to our knowledge of the earth's surface, as well as of the people who dwell 
upon it. There is not a science, I was about to say, — possibly there should be a limitation, 
— to which our missionaries have not contributed, enriching our knowledge of the formation 
of the earth, enriching our knowledge of the works of men's hands, enriching our knowledge 
of the languages of the earth. Scarce a scholar of fair credit to-day, but is ready to lay down 
his tribute at the feet of the Christian missionary. They are helping to solve those great 
problems that, lying behind the origin of Christianity, are thrusting themselves forward to-day 
for solution. We cannot evade them. They are part of our |;reat work. The missionaries 
do well in these respects ; nor do we well to forget them. We argue not well when we cite 
the case of the apostles, and say to our missionaries, '* Shut your eyes to the works of man, 
to the works of God on the eartn's crust, to what man has wrought in literatures in the past" 
In all these things we are working out the one great purpose of that God who created the 
heavens and the earth, and made man to dwell upon the earth. These are, I know, inferior 
motives, but let us not forget them ; and when the contemners of our work, hearing only the 
din and uproar that manifest themselves on the earth's surface, affect to asperse us and 
what we do, when they tell us that we chase a vain hope, let us remind them that behind the 
creation, beneath it, that for which the creation exists, is the work in which we are engaged. 
We fix our eye upon what rose up so majestically, so overwhelmingly, and so unspeakably 
grand to the mind of the apostle, w^hen, writing to the Ephesians, he tells them that they, in 
common with all believers in Jesus Christ, were " wrought together into an holy temple in the 
Lord, a building for the habitation of God by the Spirit" Was the earth built for man to 
inhabit, to subdue, to replenish ? The earth is subordinate to a further purpose ; and the 
grandest motive that can inspire us is that God out of this earth, and other earths if there be 
such, other worlds if they stand in the heavens, is erecting that grander temple for himself 
to dwell in, in which we shall be humble but ever joyous servants of the Lord. 

Rev. Dr. A. H. Granger of Rhode Island followed with a brief address of welcome 
from the pastors and churches of Providence and vicinity. 
The President then announced the following committees : — 

On Arrangements, — Rev. Messrs. E. G. Taylor, D.D., W. F. Bainbridge, M. H. 
Bixby, D.D., A. H. Granger, D.D., and E. H. Johnson, all of Providence. 

On Enrolment, — Rev. Messrs. C. E. Barrows, R.I. ; F. F. Emerson, Conn. ; E, W. 
Pride, Mass.; C. J. Baldwin, N.Y. ; Charles Rhoades, Ohio ; Edw. Judson, N.J. ; H. 
M. Sanders, N.Y. 

On Nominations, — Rev. Messrs. S. W. Duncan, D.D., Ohio ; J. Davis, Conn. ; J. L. 
Lincoln, LL.D., R.L ; A. H. Burlingham, D.D., N.J. ; J. M. Pendleton, D.D., Penn.; 
Rev. C. E. Hewitt, D.D., Ind. ; Henry Clarke, Wis.; J. B. Brackett, D.D., Mass.; 
J. F. Elder, D.D., N.Y. ; D. J. Fiske, Ind. ; G. B. Ilsley, Me. ; C. A. Thomas, D.D., 
Vt ; F. W. Powell, lo. ; D. H. Stoddard, N.H. ; H. C. Woods, Minn. 

The Corresponding Secretary, Rev. J. N. Murdock, D.D , then presented an abstract of 
the annual report of the Executive Committee. That part of the report which referred 
to the Asiatic missions of the Union was referred to the following committee : Rev. J. R. 
Kendrick, D.D., N.Y. ; W. H. H. Marsh, Mass. ; A. J. Sage, D.D., Conn. ; P. S. Hen- 
son, D.D., Penn. ; I. N. Carman, Ind. ; W. V. Gamer, N.H. 

That which referred to the European missions was committed to Rev. W. N. Clarke, 
Mass. ; T. D. Anderson, D.D., N.Y. ; Rev. H. A. Sawtelle, D.D., Prof. W. C. Wilkin- 
son, D.D., N.Y. ; Prof. G. D. B. Pepper, D.D., Penn.; Rev. J. P. Brown, Conn.; 
Samuel Colgate, Esq., NY. 

The following were appointed a special committee on advance into Upper Burmah : 
Rev. Messrs. S. L. Caldwell, D.D., Mass. ; J. G. Binney, D.D., Burmah; J. T. Champ- 
lin, D.D., Me. ; J. H. Castle, D.D., Can. ; J. B. Colgate, Esq., N.Y. ; Pro£ N. L. An- 
drews, N.Y. 

The Treasurer of the Union, F. A. Smith, Esq., of Massachusetts, then presented 
an abstract of his annual report. 

The President announced the following committees:— 

'8/7.] Special Paper from the Executive Committee, 163 

fl» Obituaries. — Prof. H. Lincoln, D.D., Mass. ; Rev. George W. Anderson, D.D., 
fftniL ; Rev. S. Haskell, D.D., Mich. ; Rev. W. C. Richards, Ph.D., 111. ; Rev. A. D. 
Gillette, D.D., N.Y. ; Rev. S. D. Phelps, D.D., Conn. ; Rev. D. Shepardson, D.D., 6. 

Ou Fiaee and Preacher. — Rev. C. P. Sheldon, D.D., N.Y. ; Rev. R. J. Adams, D.D., 
Mass. ; Rev. B. F. Bronson, D.D., Conn. ; Rev. C. A. Thomas, D.D., Vt ; Rev. G. J. 
Johnson, D.D., 111. 

The Committee on Nominations were requested to present a printed ballot at four 
oUock, P.M. ; and it was voted to proceed to elect officers for the ensuing year at a quarter 
before five o'clock. 

Rev. W. W. Boyd of Massachusetts moved that a committee be appointed to consider 
fte memorial addressed to the Executive Committee by the Boston Ministerial Confer- 
ace, and report to the Board of Managers. The motion was carried, and the following 
committee was appointed : Rev. G. W. Bosworth, D.D., Mass. ; S. Sheldon, Esq., N.Y. ; 
Jev. W. W. Boyd, Mass. ; Rev. R. M. Luther, Vt. ; and Rev. William Reid, N.Y. 

Rev. S. B. Rand of the Maulmain mission then addressed the Union, deeply 
>^[retting his enforced absence from his work on account of ill health, and expressed 
Us earnest desire to return to labors in which he felt so deep an interest. After a few 
vords from the President, the morning session was closed with prayer by Rev. J. G. 
Knneyy D.D., of the Karen Theologic^ Seminary. 


Met at half-past two o'clock according to adjournment After singing, — 

" O'er the gloomy hills of darkness,'' — 

prayer was offered by Rev. H. V. Dexter, D.D., of Massachusetts. 

Rev. J. N. Murdock, D.D., Corresponding Secretary of the Union, then read the 
following special paper from the Executive Committee : — 



We have reached a crisis of the gravest character in the progress of our missions. 
The Executive Committee deem it their duty to make a frank statement of the case to 
their constituency, that they may be guided to the safety which results from a multitude 
of coansel, and that all the supporters of our missions may find a common ground of 
judgment and action. 

The crisis referred to does not consist simply in the fact that the income of the Union 
last year fell more than $17,000 short of the year's expenditure. A result like this, and 
even more disastrous than this, was generally anticipated, in view of the financial dis- 
tress of the time. That the deficit of the year was no more, is an occasion of devout 
tikanksgiving to God ; and we ought with one accord to raise a song of deliverance. 
Nor is the present danger occasioned by the gross amount of our indebtedness. A debt 
of ^7,000 need not be regarded with gloomy foreboding and discouragement. If there 
vere no trouble behind it, we would join in an effort to pay this debt to the last mill, 
lad go on confidently in our work. The occasion of our perplexity and doubt is the 
UDi&mn, not to say chronic, inadequacy of our yearly receipts to meet the absolute and 
ever-^wing claims of the missions. 

Thirteen years ago this month we kept our jubilee festival in the city of Philadelphia. 

There were present from all parts of the country a goodly company of the wisest coun- 

sdkns and most liberal supporters of this cause. They came together in accordance 

with a plan announced a year beforehand, to commemorate the past history, the 

ttn^es and triumphs of otir missions, and to take counsel, as well as to gather inspira- 

ttODy for their future progress. It would be scarcely possible to bring together a more 

tn^ representative body of men than those who sat together in the First Church in 

Philaddphia, in May, 1864. The occasion not only invited all who participated in it to 

a joyfiil and grateful recognition of the abounding blessings of the pas^ but it also 

eofoced the duty of a earful survey of the actual condition and prospective wants of 

the missions uncier our care. 

It was found, as the result of a careful survey, that many places made memorable and 

164 Sixty^Third Annual Meeting, [July, 

sacred by the faith and endurance of sainted men and women, as well as by the grace 
of Christ displayed in the spiritual renewal of multitudes of heathen, were eithjer vacant, 
or held uncertainly by men solitary, worn, sick, and ready to faint It was found, like- 
wise, that there were new and urgent openings for the entrance of missions ; openings 
holding such connections with our principal fields, that a failure to occupy them was 
equivalent to defeat and shame. Macedonian cries sounded from every quarter ; and 
it was clearly seen that the close of half a century of missions had only brought us to 
the point of stress and urgency in our great work. And after duly considering the 
state of the field, and the resources within our reach, it was decided that we must restcne 
the breaches, and strengthen the things that remained, and go forward in obedience to 
the command of our Lord. Important centres which had l^en abandoned were to be 
re-occupied ; where there was only one family in a station or department, there were to 
be two ; so that the social necessities of the missionaries, as well as the spiritual necessi- 
ties of the missions, both in station and jungle, might be duly served. 

A fund of $50,000 was easily secured to begin the good work of renovation and 
enlargement. It was regarded on all hands as only a beginning ; and no one then 
doubted that we should go on re-enforcing old fields, and opening new ones, as the 
providence of God might show us the way. The hopes then cherished seemed to be 
justified by the results of the two years following our missionary jubilee. At the close 
•of these two years 23 new laborers had been placed on the field, and the balance was on 
the right side. But the close of the third year showed a large deficit ; still, under the 
belief that it would be provided for in the current receipts of the next year, it was decided 
to hold on our way, and eight more helpers were sent to the field. The close of the 
fourth year showed that the deficit had increased ; but what we had done so far made it 
impossible for us to pause then, and another company was sent forth. And so year by 
year the Committee have kept on sending out men and women to fill vacancies in the 
missions, or to take up such new work as seemed to be imperative, until 134 persons have 
been sent out, that is to say, 46 married couples, 8 single m.en, and 29 single women; 
-the latter, with a single exception, having been supported oy the Woman's Boards. 

All this has been done in pursuance of the policy approved, and of the faith pledged, 
at the jubilee meeting in 1864, and, we may add, under the pressure of events which we 
•could not change, and which we dared not disregard. All this has been done, though ^ 
eleven years in succession we have closed our yearly accounts with debts ranging from 
$500 to $53,000, or, to state the case exactly, with an average debt of $24,533.16 for the 
^hole period ; that is to say, from April, 1867, to April, 1877. Under a dead weight of 
this fearful magnitude the Committee have been trying, during all these anxious years^ 
•to bear up the great interests which you have repeatedly intrusted to them. Year by 
_year, and step by step, they have ventured in this direction, hoping that knowledge ol 
•the situation, and love for the cause of missions ; that the claims of an enterprise enjoined 
'by Christ and hallowed by the most gracious memories of our evangelical history, — would 
jplead in the hearts of our people, and bring relief. But the Committee are not prepared 
to go farther in the line of advance under the conditions of the last eleven years. To 
imake a farther advance without some new guaranty of support would evince not courage* 
but temerity; not faith, but presumption. In saying this we by no means abate a jot of 
•our confidence that Christ is to conquer, and to reign over all and forever ; but we simply 
:suggest the possibility that we as a people are to have less share in the great result 
•than the past history of our missions, and the great possibilities that are in us^ might 
justly warrant us to hope. 

The question may be asked, why we have not paused before. The point is well 
taken, and requires an explanation. It must be borne in mind that these years of 
4ininterrupted debt have also been years of the grandest display of divine grace in our 
missions. This is the period marked by the new and wonderful visitation of the Telocy 
goo mission, under which thousands were suddenly brought into the visible kingdom of 
Christ (and hosts are still coming) ; the period of the opening of the Garo Hills, and of 
the flocking of their people to Christ ; the period when successive seasons of refreshing 
have swept over Sweden and other mission-fields ;- the period when more than 44,- 

/877.] Special Paper from the Executive Committee. 165 

)oo converts have been baptized into the mission churches of Europe and Asia, The 
xmimittee have been forced to protect these harvests planted and watered by two gen- 
^tions of faithful men, and at last brought to maturity by the Spirit of God. Men 
mist be sent out at once, or precious fruit, the fruit of the travail and blood of the Son 
rf God, would sink into the earth and be trampled under foot. The Lord's own flocks 
lere wandering without shepherds to fold and feed them. How could we keep them 
ack, especially as they had heard the voice of the chief Shepherd, and were eager to 
[P? Who says we ought to have suffered what is above all price to run to waste, 
adier than to have run the risk of exceeding our income ? We solemnly affirm before 
fOQ this day that it was only the fear of God that lifted us above the dread of debt. 

We ask you to bear in mmd also, that this period of debt has been a period of the 
nost marked social and political changes of modern times ; changes so related to the 
progress of missions, that we could not, as wise workmen, wholly disregard them. Dur- 
ing these years those European countries which have heretofore been regarded as hope- 
le»ly bound in the chains of ultramontane Catholicism have become accessible to 
erangelical preachers, so that the word of God may have free course among them ; 
Japan has voluntarily opened her hitherto barred gates, and virtually invited the 
entrance of the gospel to her people ; China also gives way for the messengers of the 
glad tidings into her hitherto unvisited interior ; and the tribes of the great central 
rq[k)n between Hither and Farther India have during these eleven years been brought 
within our reach. We have said that we could not wholly disregard these indications, 
we might almost say these importunities, of Providence ; but we are compelled to con- 
bs sadly that we have done little more than to look in at these widely open doors. 
iVe have barely gained a foothold in Japan, havis taken two advanced positions in China, 
bave prepared to enter Karennee in Central Burmah, have re-opened one station 
xmnerly occupied in Greece at a very limited expense, have stationed an- advanced 
;aard in Spain, have assumed the care of one man in Russia, and of another in Hun- 
jaiy; but we have done nothing for Austria or Italy. We need not assure our 
brethren that we would have been more enterprising had not the work already in hand 
)een so far in advance of our disposable means. And we may add that for all we have 
mdertaken in this line, as well as for all that we have declined, we are fairly entitled to 
ht sympathy, and not the censure, of our brethren. 

But the chief justification of the committee for the expenditure of the past eleven 
rears is the present state of the missions. Two essential outposts of the mission to the 
relo(^;oos, stations of great strategic importance, Secunderabad and Kumool, are yet 
rithout cofhpounds, houses, chapels, schoolhouses, or any of the ordinary reality of mis- 
ioDSw Secunderabad, though destitute of the proper shelter and conveniences of life, 
eports as its only material possession the refuge of death, — a graveyard, — a present 
rom the government. It almost looks like a grim hint of what may be expected from 
he condition in which we have been compelled to leave our brave missionaries. It 
nay be said in passing that there is life in the new stations, and that the Holy Spirit 
las set his seal upon both by the conversion of many heathen. Other important 
>laces ought to be taken up at once among this people, and we shall suffer loss that 
itemity cannot repair if these centres are left vacant ; but what could we do ? 

The condition of Burmah is really deplorable, in spite of all we have done for it since 
he jubilee. None of the stations have been occupied by two men for a department, as 
vas contemplated on that occasion ; two of the most important stations are in charge 
>f women ; and two are vacant in consequence of the sickness and absence of the mis- 
donaries. Though lai^e accessions have recently been made to the Burman churches, 
here is no school where the Burman youth can be educated beyond an ordinary primary 
cfaool grade. A high school for Burmans has been for years, and still is, one of the 
lost pressing wants of the Burman mission. Tavoy has remained vacant till the pres- 
Dt year ; and Mergui is still destitute, except as it shares with Tavoy the care of its 
ii^e missionary. Not one of the stations of Arracan is yet occupied ; Sandoway, 
lamree, Akyab, names that once stirred the blood and melted the hearts of our 
dierSy are ui^nown to this generation. Then those fruitful and populous valk^ 

1 66 Sixty-Third Annual Meeting. \}^yt 

teeming with Burman life, — the Salwen, the Sittang, and the Irrawaddy,— which ought 
to be dotted with mission stations, are scarcely touched except at one extremity. Be- 
yond these to the east and north are the Shans, for whom their one missionary and his 
wife are pleading so piteously and working so heroically, and the Kah-Chins in Upper 
Burmah, which is just opened, and must be possessed by us now if ever. These wide 
fields, these crying wants, have been constantly before us and in our ears. They have 
been visible and real to us ; and we have pitied and hoped and given. How meagre 
have been the gifts, as compared with the demands, Mre feel most keenly. 

Assam, whose mountain tribes, the Garos and the Nagas, among others, seem so 
ready to receive the gospel, is held by a line so attenuated and weakened that we may 
any day lose our hold upon it The two central stations are likely to fall vacant in a 
short time unless new men are sent out at once. And this prospect has been before 
us for months, though we have not regarded it as practicable to provide against it 

And we have studied China, regarding its wants and its possibilities. It is the key 
of the pagan position. When it becomes Christian, the great result will be practically 
decided, so that the kingdoms of this world will soon become the kingdoms of oar 
Lord and of his Christ Though it is not our mission-field in a sense so exclusive as 
may be claimed for Burmah and the Teloogoos, we are in it ; we have responsibilities 
connected with it, which we cannot evade, but which we have not begun to meet 

These are our answers to the possible suggestion that the committee have been care- 
less or imprudent in their missionary outlay. We have simply done what we could not 
well avoid, in loyalty to Christ and in duty to our brethren. Our understandings are 
imperfect) and we may not always have clearly perceived the limits beyond which yxt 
are not responsible for failure. But, so far as we are able to judge our own action, we 
are not conscious of having transcended our simple duty. Had we regarded not 
what could but what ought to be done for missions, in the name of our churches, yoa 
would have had a debt of alarming proportions. And this great sum of unexpended 
means, this amount that we have neither paid nor pledged, is what we really owe 
to-day. Our arrears are not represented in the ledger merely : they must be sought 
in the record of our shortcomings, in the possibilities we failed to grasp, in the pl^id- 
ings to which we turned a deaf ear, in the help which we denied, in the good we might 
have done and would not Our missionary debt to-day is measured only by our possi- 
bilities of reaching and enlightening the heathen. To millions of them we owe all 
that Christ would be worth to them, if they knew him, — the value of eternal life, and 
the glories of an eternal heaven. And our trouble is, that to-day our great denomina- 
tion does not recognize the claim in its fulness and integrity, and that they ^e making 
no adequate effort to meet it We have scarcely paid the interest. on our debt to Christ 
and the heathen, and we have discounted the future to do what we have done. 

We stand here to-day, then, in the presence of two forms of obligation. One of 
these is to pay for the work already done ; the other is to provide for the work whidi 
never will cease to be binding on the people of God, till Christ shall come again to be 
glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe. 

The least thing we have to do to-day is to pay the deficit of previous years. This is 
merely a floating debt which may be and ought to be swept away without ado and with* 
out delay. The men now in this city attending these anniversaries could provide for it 
without imposing on themselves any real burden or sacrifice. The merest fraction of 
the difference between what they have and are with the gospel, and what they would 
have had and been without the gospel, would discharge the whole sum. A single 
glimpse of what Christ has really done for us ; a single throb of that masterful love 
which constrained Paul, or of the generosity which characterized the disciples of Mace- 
donia ; an adequate estimate of the value of spiritual, as compared with material things, 
— would make us willing of ourselves, according to our power, and beyond our power ; 
nay, would prompt us to plead with importunity that our gifts might have place here, 
and that we might be admitted into the partnership of this good work. 

But, when this is done, the great and enduring obligation remains, and we most 
take measures to meet it This is the bonded debt resting on the corporate wealth, 

877-] Special Paper from the Executive Committee. i6y 

mergies, and capacities of the churches of Christ It is maturing year by year, and 
annot be neglected without abiding dishonor and loss. We are under bonds to Christ 
and to humanity, to the past and to the future, to give the heathen the gospel, in virtue 
of what Christ has done for us, and of the life he nourishes in us day by day. Or, 
to drop the figure, we must simply provide for all arrears, and then take measures to 
secure year by year money enough to sustain the necessary work and workers of the 
missions. There must be more money if our missions are to be kept up to any fair 
standard of efficiency. To pay the present debt, and make as large provision for the 
missions as we made last year, you must increase the gross receipts of last year about 
28| per cent, or $64,000. To pay the debt and make such provision for the missions 
as they really need, in order to their efficiency and growth, you must add $80,000 to 
the available receipts of last year. This is what must be done, or one of two things is 
mevitable : — 

1. We must cut down the appropriations to the salaries of missionaries, repairs of 
iKmses, and taxes, making no provision for mission travelling, native evangelists, scrip- 
tares, or schools, except those supported by the Woman's Boards ; and to cut off these 
things would make the money actually given as nearly useless, so far as the purposes of 
missions are concerned, as could be imagined. It would be practically to shut the 
missionaries up in their compounds, and to paralyze the native force, and make it useless. 

2. The other alternative would be to close up missions or stations enough to pay our 
deficit from the savings thus made, and support the missions that remain. As things 
have been going on, we must reduce the number and scale of our missions, or the whole 
work must dwindle into utter inefficiency through inanition. And, if we are to cut off 
missions, which shall it be ? Not the strong, for they have been our glory and our joy. 
Not the weak, for their very weakness will plead for them, and many prayers will hold 
back our hands. It would be impossible for any considerable number of us to agree as 
to which should be given up. If it is simply to save money, you must take some of 
tiiose that now absorb considerable amounts ; but which, who would be able to decide ? 

Bat one or the other of these plans must be adopted, or more money must be raised. 
The latter is the only manly or Christian policy which the case admits. There is money 
aK>iigh, if we can reach the men and women who earn and hold and use it In some 
way this work must be brought home to the people as tActr work. They must be made 
to feel that they are debtors to all men, that Christ will treat the neglect of the heathen 
as neglect of himself, and that no one who does not enter into his work will be per- 
mitted to share his reward. And to produce such a persuasion, and to fix the purpose 
spnxmug from it, there is one agency, the most natural, the most effective, the divinely 
appomted one ; namely, that of pastoral teaching and example. This must be our first 
and chief reliance. Christian pastors are set over the Church to train its members in all 
godly ways and in all beneficent acts. They must not only teach but enforce this 
grace of giving for the cause of Christ ; they are to be examples to their flocks in self- 
denial and liberality, to discipline them in sacrifice for Christ's sake. The pastor who 
does not do all this, and do it always, cannot show himself approved unto God, nor 
will his ministry be blessed to the utmost welfare of his people. The failure of our 
chiHches in the work of missions lies at the door of their pastors. God will hold the 
onfaithful shepherds responsible for the sickly and stunted condition of the sheep ; and 
in the last day the blood of heathen souls who perished for lack of the knowledge of 
Christ will be found on the skirts of those Christian pastors who have neglected to 
train their people to give and pray for their salvation. 

fiut how shsdl pastors be induced to perform this part of their duty to their people ? 

1. Our theological seminaries ought to make it a point to inculcate this branch of 
pastoral duty, in terms of such clearness and emphasis as to make it morally certain 
hit every church served by their graduates will be a missionary church. 

2. Churches ought to be as critical^ in this particular, about the record of candidates 
or their pulpits, as they generally are about their habits of life, or their soundness in 
bctrine. It is a sad complaint, often heard in many churches to-day, " We never hear 

ny thing about missions now, as we used to when Mr. was pastor." We cannot 

onceive of a good excuse for the persistent neglect of this momeiilOM& VciX.^\^%x« 

i68 Sixty-Third Annual Meeting. [Jul 

3. We ought to make it a subject of special prayer, that Christ will endue his mini 
ters with love and zeal for missions. Let all the friends of missions unite in prayer tlu 
the teachers and leaders of Christ's flock may be filled with a true missionary spirit. 

There is another mighty agency already immensely helpful, which may be brougl 
into more perfect co-operation with this great enterprise, and so contribute to the mor 
universal diffusion of missionary knowledge, — the Christian press. We often have ir 
stances which illustrate the effectiveness of this instrumentality. It goes where the pas 
tor never goes, and stays after he has gone ; it sits with the soul when it is alone, speak 
without intrusiveness, and fixes ^ts impression in the unresisting moods of the mind 
This power may be multiplied indefinitely. The publishers of our denominationa 
papers are always ready to serve the cause of missions. Doubtless there are manj 
who would be willing to become voluntary agents of our " Missionary Maeazine," fo 
the sake of promoting the growth of missionary liberality. We invoke the aid of all in 
terested in spreading the knowledge of missions through the medium of the press. 

The committee are endeavoring to secure the services of one man in each associatioi 
of our home field, who, from love to Christ will undertake to interest every church in hi 
association to make a contribution to the cause of foreign missions. The plan is fo 
this associational secretary to visit as many neighboring churches as he can, and t 
write to such as he cannot visit, to distribute missionary documents, and to seek by a 
available means to spread the knowledge of our work, and awaken an interest in it. 
he be a pastor, it is suggested that he may occasionally exchange with pastors in the lei 
favored quarters, preaching on missions, so that the weak may be encouraged to brir 
in their mites. If we can secure the right men, and they will do what few need fail 1 
do, great results will follow from this plan. It will secure wider and more intimar 
relations between the Rooms and the home field, create new and stronger ties of symp 
thy, and result in a large increase of missionary contributions. 

With these suggestions we submit the whole subject to the judgment of our brethr^ 
The difficulties under which we now labor are resd, and must be overcome. Whetlk 
the methods we have indicated will relieve us, is a point in reference to which we a. 
not so sure. It is just here that we especially seek counsel and help. If a way can ■ 
found short of making our missions inoperative; or of reducing the scale of our oper 
tions, the committee will be only too ready to accept it They are anxious to find 
way out of the present perplexities, — a way that leads onward to the enlargement ac 
success of our great and blessed work. 

Rev. E, Bright, D.D., N.Y., moved that the special paper just read be referr< 
to a committee, which should report Wednesday morning. The motion was carrier 
and the following committee was appointed : Rev. K Bright, D.D., N.Y. ; Rev. G. V 
Gardner, D.D., O. ; W. A. Gellatly, Esq., N.J. ; S. A. Crozer, Esq., Penn. ; J. 1 
Howard, Esq., Conn. ; Rev. J. A. Smith, D.D., III. ; Gardner Colby, Esq., Mass. 
Hon. J. W. Merrill, Mass. 

Rev. E. O. Stevens, of the Prome mission ; Rev. J. G, Binney, D.D., of the Rangoor 
mission ; Rev. I. J. Stoddard, of the Assam mission ; and Rev. Lyman Jewett, D.D. 
of the, Teloogoo mission, followed with addresses of great interest 

The hour tor the election of officers having arrived, the committee on nominations 
reported, and the following tellers were appointed : Rev. J. B. Simmons, D.D., N.Y. 
Rev. N. B. Randall, R.I. ; Rev. G. H. Brigham, N.Y. j Rev. P. G. Wightman, Conn, 
and Rev, Foster Henry, Vt 

It was voted that the report of the tellers should be made at the opening of th( 
morning session. After prayer by Rev. William Hague, D.D., of Massachusetts, th< 
Union adjourned. 


The Union met at half-past seven, according to adjournment After an anthem b 
the choir, and the singing of the hymn, — 

" Lo, he comes, let all adore him ! " 


ElectUm of Officers, 


the Scriptures were read and prayer offered by Rev. R. J. Adams, D.D., of Massachu- 

Rev. Lemuel Moss, D.D., President of the Indiana State University, then preached 
the annual sermon ; text John x. 10, " I am come that they might have life, and that 
they might have it more abundantly." 
The collection taken at the close of the sermon amounted to $138.06. 
The congr^^tion joined in singing a new hymn entitled, " Storm the Fort," after 
iMch Pres. A. H. Strong of the Rochester Theological Seminary offered prayer, and 
pronounced the benediction. 


The Union met at nine o'clock, a.m. The hymn, — 

" Jesus shall reign where'er the sun," — 

was sung, after which prayer was offered by Rev. D. Gage of New Hampshire. 

Rev. G. H. Brigham, for the tellers, announced the following result of the election on 
Tuesday : — 

Rev. £. G. Robinson, D.D., Rhode Island. 

Rev. G. W. Northrup, D.D., 111. Prof. J. L. Lincoln, LL.D.., R.L 


Recording Secretary, 
Rev. H. S. Burrage, Maine. 


Board of Managers. 


S. L B. Chase, Rockland, Me. 
"W. H. Eaton, D.D., Keene, N.H. 
I^. B. Cheney, D.D., Chicago, 111. 
H.C. Fish, D.D., Newark, N.J. 
A. J. Rowland, Philadelphia, Penn. 
S. W. Duncan, D.D., Cincinnati, O. 
GiORGE C Baldwin, D.D., Troy, N.Y. 
C. D. W. Bridgman, D.D., Albany, N.Y. 

K. C. Woods, Minneapolis, Minn. 

M. G. Hodge, D.D., Kalamazoo, Mich. 

R. T.Adams, D.D., Holyoke, Mass. 

]. b. Gubelmann, Philadelphia, Penn. 

G. W. Gardner, D.D., Cleveland, O. 

Ubtry G. Weston, D J>., Chester, Penn. 

Isaac G. Johnson, Yonkers, N.Y. 
William A. Bowdlear, Boston, Mass. 
James L. Howard, Hartford, Conn. 
S. A. Crozer, Upland, Penn. 
Edwin O. Sage, Rochester, N.Y. 
T. R. Doolittle, Racine, Wis. 
William C. Gregg, Wilmington, Del. 
O. S. Lvford, Kansas Citv, Mo. 
John S. Brown, Fishenriile, N.H. 
William Stickney, Washington, D.C. 
Edward Goodman, Chicago, 111. 
William H. Powell, Bellville, 111., for £. Marsh 

Pres. Robinson in a brief address thanked the Union for the honor conferred upon 

The report of the Special Committee on the paper read on Tuesday by the Corre- 
sponding Secretary, Rev. J. N. Murdock, D.D., was presented by Rev. E. Bright, D.D., 
of New York. 

The committee to whom was referred the special paper read by the Secretary have been 
profoundly in\pressed by its statements. It is manifest, that, witn the earnest care of the 
executives to use the wisest economy in the expenditures, the work of the Missionary Union 
abroad has, through eleven successive years, outgrown the foreign missionary benevolence of 
the chiu-ches at home. The debt earned from the past year into the present is more than 
147,000 ; and new fields in Burmah itself are imperatively demanding culture, which would 
make the annual expenditure yet larger. 

What is to be done? Shall the hand of contraction and retrenchment be put upon the 
missions, or shall the contributions to the treasury become more eeneral and eenerous ? 
Your committee have given to these questions the best consideration me time would permit, 
with the following results : — 

f . That, besides the obligations placed upon American Baptists by the last command of 
their ascending Lord, the signal providences by which their hands were first put to the foreign 

I/O Sixty^Third Annual Meeting. U^y» 

missionary work in Asia and in Europe leave them no option but to prosecute it according to 
the full measure of their ability and the necessities of the work. 

2« That, considering what American Baptists are eiqpending in so many forms for the 
evangelization of a home population of 40,000,000, they mieht double their contributioas to 
the cause of forei^ missions, and not do more than would be meet for saving the heathen 
and nominally Christian world, with its hundreds of millions of people. 

3. That no department of our denominational enterprise^ has directly borne larger or more 
precious fruit, in proportion to its cost, than that of our foreign missions, the baptisms, even 
m the eleven years of our deficiencies, havinj^ been 44,000. But, besides these direct results^ 
the work abroad has all the time been as an mvaluable leaven in the tone and breadth of the 
Christian sympathies of our people at home. 

4. That the one chief aim in the home work of our foreign missions must be to organize it 
in sill the home field, and so to organize it that the yearly contributors shall include every 
member of every church. The indispensable elements in such organization in any churcn 
are : {a\ The personal, persistent, intelligent superintendence of the pastor, with the co-operadoa 
of his leading brethren ; {b) a stated time for the annual contribution, to be made, not by plate 
collection only, but also by card subscription, and to be preceded by a missionary sermon \ 
(c) the knowledge and sympathy that come from a well-conducted monthly missionary meeting. 
The new plan of the executives for appointing a local foreign missionary secretary in every 
association, to encourage the making of a contribution by every church connected with it, ~ ^ 
also worthy of faithful trial and co-operation. 

5. That tlie cause of missions has suEered ^eat loss in the wide discontinuance of t 
monthly missionary concert of prayer. Its revival, in the most instructive and interestirr^^g 
form, on the first regular prayer-meeting of the week following the first Sunday of eve'^cy 
month, is a necessity. It cannot but prove a needed and powenul helper in promoting tXme 

necessary church missionary organization at home, and in deepening the interest of all hear ts 

in the missionary work of tne world. 

6. That with 8,000 Baptist churches, having probably 660,000 members, in the home fi< 
of the Missionary Union, and the admirable co-operation of our Woman's Missionary Societi< 
there can be no justifiable excuse for successive yearly deficiencies in the receipts, — ' 
the reason that the average of so small a sum as fifty cents to a member would have bei 
more than $50,000 above Si that has ever been expended by the Union in any one year. 

7. That the existing debt should be paid, not by a general contraction and retrenchm( 
of the missions, or by withholding from Burmah a new mission in Bhamo, but by 
universal and larger giving. The Executive Committee should have the means for m 
every necessary expenditure, and to reduce the debt at least one-half the present iiiii iiiiii ^rj 
year. But the Board of Managers are hereby requested to inquire whether there are n^^^o^ 
some missions which might weU be discontinued for the sake of more largely re^nforci^^v^l^ 
missions of greater promise. 

These are the views which your Committee have felt constrained to commend to tH^Be 
consideration of this meeting ; and, should the adoption of this report be moved and secondc^^ 4 
your Committee earnestly aavise tiiat it be made the subject of a free conference, in whi ^h 
many brethren here present shall give the Union the benefit of brief expressions of th^ ir 
views ; and that, when the final question is taken, it be with the tmderstanding that tiie vc^'Ce 
indicates what is to be our missionary policy for the year. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Edward Bright, 
G. W. Gardner, 
Gardner Colby, 
T. A. Smith, 
w. A. Gellatly, 
S. A. Crozer, 
J. L. Howard, 
J. W. Merrill. 

The following brethren then addressed the Union : Rev. G. W. Gardner, D.D., O.; 
Hon. J. W. Merrill, Mass. ; James B. Colgate, Esq., N.Y. ; Samuel Colgate, Esq., 
N.J. ; Rev. G. H. Brigham, N.Y. ; Rev. A. E. Dickinson, D.D., Va. ; Rev. J. B. Sim- 
mons, D.D., N.Y. j Rev. J. B. Vinton of Rangoon ; Rev. William Hague, D.D., Mass. ; 
Hon. R. O. Fuller, Mass. 

The latter read a letter from a young man in Vermont, who not long ago sent a silver 
watch to the Rooms in Boston, as his contribution for* the year. The watch was offered 
for sale. ** How much am I ofiEered? " asked Mr. Fuller. *' I will give one hundred 

^^77 '1 Report of Committee on Advance into Upper Burmah, 17 1 

dollars for the watch and letter," at once replied Mr. J. B. Colgate of New York. The 
offer was accepted. Mr. Fuller then said that it seemed desirable to remove then and 
tiiere the debt of $17,000 incurred l^ the Union during the past year, and reminded 
tiie audience that $5,000 had been offered, provided the whole sum was raised. " I 
will give $500," he said. Rev. A. J. Gordon, of Boston, stepped forward, and pledged 
$1,000 from the Clarendon-street Baptist Church. There were several $ 100 subscriptions^ 
also one of $1,000. Others still followed, coming in almost faster than they could be 
recorded, and pledging sums from $1,000 to fif^ cents "from a poor woman." Mr. 
Fuller announced the subscriptions as they were received at the desk. Soon the $17,- 
000 was raised, and more too. It was then proposed to raise the entire debt, $47,000. 
* Well," said Mr. Fuller, " we will do it if you say so." — " Yes ! yes ! " was the cry from 
all parts of the house ; and the work went on. '' Now pour in yoUr thousands," said 
Mr. FuUer ; and the thousands came in, small sums much of it, and with the most 
eager interest on the part of the audience. The clock at length struck twelve, the hour 
kx adjournment " Shall we adjourn ? " was the question. " No ! no ! " was the re- 
sponse. A blind lady sent up a diamond ring : it was sold for $100. The cash began 
to pour in. At one o'clock, when a little more than $30,000 had been pledged, the 
Union voted to adjourn for dinner. Prayer was offered by Prof. J, C. Long, D.D. 
of Pennsylvania. 


At three o'clock the Union met according to adjournment The congregation united 
in singing, — 

" From Greenland's icy mountains." 

Prayer was offered by Rev. K O. Stevens, of Prome, Burmah. 

Tlie Committee on Place and Preacher recommended that in response to a hearty 
uvitation from the Baptist churches in Cleveland, O., the Missionary Union hold its 
xiext annual meeting in that city ; that Rev. Henry £. Robbins, D.D., of Maine, preach 
"Use annual sermon, and that Rev. John Peddie, D.D., of Pennsylvania, be the alternate. 
*Ihe recommendation was adopted. 

Mr. Fuller then announced that $17,000 were needed in order to extinguish the debt ; 
smd the work of subscription was resumed, and the scene of the morning was repeated, 
^t lengthy on motion of Rev. J. R. Kendrick, D.D., of New York, the regular business 
^^ras resumed, while the offerings for the debt still flowed in. 
The report of the Special Committee on Finance was adopted. 
Rev. S. L. Caldwell, D.D., of Massachusetts, then presented the report of the Com- 
mittee on Advance into Upper Burmah; 

The Committee to which has been referred the part of the Executive Committee's report 
relating to the occupation of Upper Burmah asks leave to report : — 

Were the question before us tne simple one of going on to complete that evangelization of 
Burmah to which our people put their hands more than sixty years a^o, it would be answered 
at once and in a worcL It would answer itself. By all considerations which can bind the 
Union to any of its undertakings, and by peculiar obligations to the tribes of Burmah, espe- 
cial!]^ by the rights and duties of pre-occupation accorded to us bv other societies, we are 
required to extend our missions as Uie path opens before them. In tneir natural and certainly 
not too rapid progress, they find the wall barring them from Northern Burmah at last pros- 
trate, and our advance-guard passing into Mandelay and Bhamo, while before our hands are 
^riy laid upon the Sh^s the Kah-Chins rise u^) directly in our way. We should preach the 
^pel to the one for the same reasons, and for just as strong reasons, as to the other. There 
B no reason for a halt now and here. 

Indeed, if we would not have the enthusiasms which are worth more than thousands of gold 

and silver to a missionary society decay and die, we must give a premium to adventurous coura^ 

Kke that of the Cushings, which is on the alert for new opportunities and fresh conquests. It 

would indeed be a feituous policy for us to be making raids beyond our borders, simply to cap» 

tnre territory which we cannot hold. It is of no reasonable or good use for us to keep out- 

nmning our resources, at least such as are possible, and fatiguing ourselves without result. 

But, on the other hand, if we limit our enterprises by the money actually in hand, if we go by 

sight rather than by faith, and dread every new opportunity as a menace of deb^ we shall go 

1/2 Sixty-Third Annual Meeting. [July» 

backward and not forward, and fall into dishonorable retreat. It is possible to use every 
new enterprise of hope for a stimulus to increased liberality and a broader sympathy with our 

It may seem as if the presence of other missionaries, like those of the Inland Mission of 
China, were a providential exemption for us at a period when the work alreadv on hand drags 
heavily. Certainly we cannot dispute their entrance upon a field pre-empted by us, even when 
thejr must employ our own Karen converts as their auxiliaries and agents. Much less can we 
do it, if we refuse to enter it ourselves. We must rejoice with all Christian love in their labors 
and their successes. But, in presence of friends or enemies, we must not avoid our duty and 
our opportunity, both of them strong against yielding now what may never be recovered. 

The question of sending at once one man to the Shans and one man to the Kah-Chins, 
becomes, then, purely a Question of what is at present possible with the funds available, and 
with prudent and comprenensive reference to the exigencies of other missions and of all the 
missions. The intelligent answer to this question can be made only by the Executive Com* 
mittee, who know the whole case. It only remains for us to say, as we believe the Union is 
ready to say : Go on, as far and fast as you can. There can be no doubt about the field. 
The only doubt is about your resources. Measure them carefully, but do not let prudence 
suppress courage and hope. 

After remarks by Rev. J. G. Binney, D.D., the report was adopted, and referred to 
the Board of Managers. 

Rev. J. R. Kendrick, D.D., of New York, presented the report of the Committee on 
Asiatic Missions. 

The Committee on Asiatic Missions submit the following report: — 

The field assigned to our attention is so vast and varied as to forbid, in the short time at 
our command, mmute survey and detailed notice. . Happily, the question of most immediate 
importance appertaining to this field — that which relates to the occupancv of Upper Burmah 
— has been placed in the hands of a distinct committee, from whom it will receive intelligent 
and careful consideration. Your committee, on glancing over the numerous departments and 
stations of the Astatic territory, find no occasion for criticism or suggestion respecting plans 
and methods of work. We feel that these can safely be left with the Board and the execu- 
tive officers at Boston. In connection with this broad subject we have but one comprehensive 
and energetic conviction to express ; and this, were it possible, we would gladly emphasize. 
In our judgment the Union should not tolerate for a moment the idea of abandoning any of 
our Asiatic missions, nor should it allow them to languish in weakness and inefficiency. 

A large part of Southern Asia belongs to Baptists by a title hieher than that of mere pre- 
emption. At the very beginning of the modem revival of evangelizing zeal, this territory was 
given to our English brethren by a divine charter. They took possession of it under the 
impulse of a heavenly inspiration. When at length American Baptists caught the missionary 
spirit. Providence had already designated this re^on as the scene of their benevolent activity. 
With the Baptists of to-day Southern Asia is an inheritance ; an inheritance which we cannot 
alienate or neglect without dishonoring our fathers and discrediting ourselves. Upon that 
territory immense labors and treasures nave already been expended. Its soil has been cleared 
bv the toils and fertilized by the tears and blood ot two generations of Christian heroes and 
heroines. It is something to make us blush for shame, that we are in the slightest danger of 
letting this thrice-consecrated heritage slip from our grasp, and pass into the custody of more 
willing hearts and more diligent hands. Your Committee strenuously insist, that, whatever 
retrenchments and contractions may by a possibility become necessary elsewhere, there be no 
retrenching process allowed in the Burman, Karen, Assamese, and Teloogoo departments of 
our work. We have given hostages to history and heaven against such recreancy. 

The tokens of Christ's favor which we have enjoved, and the seals of his approval on our 
work, would convict us of blindness and ingratituae if we were to draw back from this pro- 
ductive Asiatic field. Take the statistical summary of precious results as contained in these 
simple figures : In Burmah, 74 missionaries, 380 churches, 20,365 members ; among the Tdoo- 
goos, 15 missionaries, 6 churches, 5,167 members; in Assam, 17 missionaries, 12 churches, 842 
members. Add to these tabulated results the schools, colleges, and theological seminaries 
that have been established in the Asiatic department ; put these things together, and we have 
some of the elements out of which to construct our conception of what has been accomplished 
in Asia, and by means of which to estimate our crime, should we yield to a cowardly and par- 
simonious policy of retreat and contraction. 

To rebuke more sternly the suggestion of retrenchment on this field, the fact is before us, 
that the past year has been one of extraordinary if not unexampled success in winning coa- 
verts from heathenism. The baptisms reportea for 1876 amount to 2,252. 

1 877-] Report on European Missions. 173 

Your committee have spoken particularly of the Bttrman, Assamese, and Teloogoo missions, 
because these seem to urge special and pre-eminent claims upon our attention. We have not 
forgotten China, Japan, and Siam : these merit unabated confidence and support. 

Your committee have made no recommendations of expansion and advancement to new 
fields. We content ourselves with an earnest protest against retiring from points in an Asiatic 
territonr now maintained. Let the Union at least hold the forts that it has reared, and 
streii^[then existing stations that have become enfeebled, to a standard of vigorous efficiency. 
The times, no doubt, are very trying, but thev are likely to improve. Let us take counsel of 
our faith, rather than of our fears, and all will be well. 

The report was adopted. 

Rev. W. N. Clarke of Massachusetts presented the report on European Missions. 

The Committee on European Missions submit the following report : — 
The relation of the Missionary Union to Europe is not the same as the relation which it 
bears to Asia. Missionary work upon the Continent from which this land was colonized was 
not the first thought, but tne second. The first thought was for the heathen ; the intentional 
and deliberate work was eiven to them ; and it was only by special and unexpected providential 
guidance that we were led to European fields. 

Nevertheless it is plainly the good providence of God that has given the Baptists a place 
to labor in Europe. No other Christian denomination is as free as ours to oppose the errors 
that are found where a national church prevails ; and the diffusion of sound Baptist sentiment 
in Europe is the most direct and efficient means of undoine the evils that have sprung from 
the union of Church and State. It is most desirable that the work with which the Missionary 
Union has been honorably connected should be carried on till the results are far greater. It 
must be continued bv the Union, though as a secondary work. The field is great and 
important enough, ancl the work is promising enough to claim first consideration, if it were not 
for the world that lies beyond. But the first duty of the Missionary Union is to the missionary 
fields in Asia, and to the heathen. 

The work in which we are engaged in Europe is in almost all stages of progress, from the 
very beginning to a state in which Baptist influence is distinctly acknowledged. In Spain the 
work thus far, though earnest, has been scarcely more than tentative ; and the results have 
not been great. In Greece an old field has only oegim to be re-occupied. 

In France the work has gone somewhat farther ; small churches exist in various places. 

These churches sustain labor in surrounding stations ; and the influence of Baptist principles 

has b^^ to afiEect Roman Catholic neighbors as well as Protestants. The effect has not 

been great, but it is real, and certain to mcrease. In Sweden the established church has 

become aware of the existence of spiritual religion in Baptist circles, and has responded, on 

some occasions, by persecution. In Germany the presence of Baptists in considerable. 

numbers has not been without its e£Eect upon the position held with respect to baptism by 

theologians who would have thought themselves most unlikely to yield to such an influence. 

And in connection with the German churches the work o^ the pioneer has been pushed forward 

in Pohuid, Hungary, and Russia, and an agitation in favor of a purer religion has been begun 

fliat will not cease until greater and perhaps more painful strife has Allowed. While the 

eyes of the Western world are so anxiously turned towards Russia, we cannot forget that we 

nave in that great empire six or seven thousand Baptist brethren, who need the benefit of our 

Sayers, and all other aid that we can give them. Like our brethren in Germany, these 
ussian Baptists are patriots; and it is to be expected that their Christian work will be 
retarded by the war ; but the Lord is mindful of his own. 

The part performed by the Union in this European work is relatively less than in the 
Asiatk% In Germany, the largrest European mission, the relation of the Union has long been 
that of a counsellor and guide, rather than that of a supporter ; and nowhere in Europe, 
except possibly in Spain, can the expenditure be said to have been large in comparison with 
tiie magnitude of the work. The churches do much, of course, for themselves ; and it must 
be the decided policy of the Union to draw as much from them as possible. 

The Europesm work that seems to us at present the most urgent in its appeal is that which 
has sprung up in the way of extension, under the auspices of the churches in Germany. If 
that work, done by colportors and travelling preachers in Poland, in Hungary, and especially in 
Russia, could be pushed forward with new force, ^reat good, we trust, would be the conse- 
ouence. At the same time, the prospect of war is just now rendering such service still more 

What God has in store for Europe, who can tell ? The earth is trembline. The signs are 
suddenly dark for France. A war has already begim, in which neither combatant commands 
the sjonpathy of the Christian world, nor offers good hope to the cause of religious liberty \ 

174 Sixty-Third Annual Meeting. [July* 

and there is no calculation to be made respecting the immediate future of any European 
power. In all these commotions there appears no definite sign of coming good. No event 
that now seems likely to occur is richly fraught with hope. Our only coimdence must be in 
Him whose purpose is fulfilled both by the willing and by the unwilling. We know it to be 
his will that we should pray, " Thy kingdom come." 

W. N. Clarke, 
T. D. Anderson, 


H. A. Sawtellk, 
G. D. B. Pepper. 
The report was adopted. 

Rev. C. £. Barrows of Rhode Island, for the Committee on Enrolment, presented the 
following report :— 


Life-Members. — H. S. Burrage, James McWhinnie, Percival Bonney, S. L, B. Chase, H. C. Estes, F. 
O. Blake, A. de F. Palmer, Mrs. A. de F. Palmer, Ira Leland, C. F. Holbrook, S. P. Merrill, J. Rounds, 
E. Worth, A. R. Crane, J. Ricker, T. T. Champlin, — 16. 

DeUgates.—, Lyons, D. C. Bixby, A. T. Dunn, Mrs. W. G. Sargent, H. K Robbins, G. B. 
Dsley, — 6. 


Life-Members, — W. H. Eaton, J. D. Tilton, A, Sherwin, G. W. Nicholson, E T. Emory, W. V. 
Gamer, A. J. Prescott, W. H. Alden, J. W. Searll, G. W. Kinney, C. Newhall, — ii. 

Delegates, — ], E. Burr, C. F. Myers, E C. Spinney, C. A. Piddock, L. M. Barnes, Mrs. L. "M- 
Barnes, — 6. 


Life-Members, — C. A. ThoQias, Foster Henry, Charles Hibbard, R. M. Luther, G. W. Arms, ^ 
Kenney, J. P. Farrar, — 7. 

Delegates. — J. K. Richardson, W. Beavins, J. A. Johnston, — 3. 


Life Members. — Wnu Hagnje, George B. Gow, J. C. Foster, J. C. Wightman, G. W. Boswortlt -^ 
A. Willard, F. B. Dickerson, W. S. Apsey, Thomas S. Samson, R. G. Seymour, J. T. Massey, A 
Higgins, H. A. Cordo, E. W. Mills, Cf. H. Spalding, W. W. Boyd, F. O. Reed, George Matthews-^^ 
W. Pride, A. M. Crane, D. W. Hoyt, Gardner Colby, H. A. Rogers, H. F. Barnes, O. S. Steal 
Andrew Reed, O. Aver, J. Barkom, H. C. Graves, L. C. Stevens, L S. Hamblin, J. B. Brackett, J. 

r, b.M. 

son, O. T. Walker, D. M. Crane, H. A. Sawtelle, W. A. Worthington, Joseph Stone, William 
M. Manning, D. W. Faunce, B. Newton, J. C. Russell, Mrs. H. C. Mabie, J. J. Miller, O. E. Mallc::::^^ 
H. Hinckley, A. P. Mason, George Brooks, D. P. Morgan, Mrs. H. M. Moigan, Alvah Hovey, R, J^ 
Fuller, S. L. Caldwell, B. A. Edwards, G. M. Rockwood, J. K. Chase, Mary S. Chase, S. W. Foljaim « 

F. D. Bland, F. A. Smith, T. T. Filmer, George Colesworthy, J. Shepardson, W. T. Richardson, A. -K 
P. Small, W. A. Bowdlear, G. R. DarroHi, Joseph Banvard, T. C. Tingley, J. H. Tilton, Mrs. E. T, TH' 
ton, A. C. Slater, A. Webster, J. B. French, S. C. Woodman, Mrs. J. Borden, Mrs. C. J. Love, Mrs. O, 
B. Durfee, F. E. Fowler, H. O. Chapin, C. W. Anable, J. W. Merrill, A. W. Carr, C. D. R. Meacham, 
T. E Balch, Lewis Holmes, C. H. Rowe, B. P Byram, H. M. King, C. A. Roundy, Mrs. H. W. Barrows^ 
J. S. Holmes, L. H. Bradford, W. M. Lisle, John Love, W. H. Evans, G. W. Chipman, G. F. Pentecost, 
H. C. Mabie, H. V. Dexter, G. L. French, W. S. McKenzie, S. F. Smith, D. Wheeler, W. H. H. 
Marsh, S. E. Pierce, Andrew Pollard, J. N. Murdock, — 109, 

Delegates, — \^ Partridge, W. P. Elsdon, J. H. Garnet, D. O. Eastoii, W. H. Spencer, W. N. 
Clarke, B. A. Greene, A. C. Hussey, A. W. Carr, C. E, Simmons, G. W. Gile, B. J. Blanchard, A. A, 
Gee, H. H. Beman, A. E Reynolds, D. H. Taylor, A. H. Simons, J. T. Beckley, O. L. Leonard, R, 
J. Adams, E Chase, H. Lincoln Chase, B. J. Blanchard, Sarah P. Jenks, B. F. Lawrence, S. L. Hoi- 
man, Mrs. J. Banvard, S. C. Chandler, A. J. Barker, W. O. Hoiman, J. B. Robinson, E. W. Carr, 
T. P. Briggs, J. H. Hartman, — 34. 


Life-Members. — A. Woods, S. Richards, W. S. Monroe, S. S. Parker, W. C. Butler, A. H. Granger, 
E K. Fuller, M. Merriam, Mrs. C. M. Willard, W. L. Brown, E G. Taylor, E G. Robinson, S. W. 
Field, S. S. Baker, A. R. M. Denison, F. Denison, A. Buckland, W. F. Bainbridge, C. E Barrows, L 
Cheseborough, S. S. Greene, J. Evans, H. B. Barrows, J. T. Smith, John Allen, G. BuUen, N.J, 
Wheeler, C. J. Jones, S. Adlam, G. B. Peck, W. Fitz, E A. Woods, J. Brayton, M. H. Bixby, C. A, 
Reese, G. Robbins, H. C. Hartshorne, B. F. Clarke, E B. Eddy, C. L. Frost, O. Johnson, N. B. Ran- 
dall, Samuel Clough, T. H. Barton, James Boyce, R. A. Guild, C. H. Malcom, Nahum Bates, G. £. 
Chamberlin, P. E Tillinghast, Mrs. Esther P. j ohnson, Mrs. Elizabeth W. Brown, — 52. 

Ddegatet, — S. G. Woodrow, E S. Wheeler, E H. Johnson, W. S. Emery, S. K. Dexter, J. B. Child, 
L. A. Maryott, N. J. Arnold, D. W. Hoyt, J. S. Davis, A. J. Grossman, P. G. Wightman, A. Comstodt, 

G. £. Leeson* — 14. 

877.] Repcrt on Roll 175 


Lift-Members, — B. W. Barrows, C. G. Smith, T. A. T. Hanna, George A. Starkweather, Edward 

ly, H. S. Gates, A. J. Chaplin, Thomas .Ferrv, S. D. Phdps, G. L. Hunt, Oscar J. Hall, A. H. Ball, 

E. Morgan, G. F. Davis, E. C. Kegnin, B. A. Woods, D. Dewolf, S. C3tale, John Davies, S. M. Whiting, 

^y, H. S. Gates, A. J. Chaplin, Thomas .Ferrv, S. D. Phdps, G. L. Hunt, Oscar J. Hall, A. H. Ball, 
E. Morgan, G. F. Davis, E. C. Kegnin, B. A. Woods, D. Dewolf, S. C3tale, John Davies, S. M. Whiting, 
P. Matherson, A. M. Hopper, R. H. Bowles, £. Lathrop, L. H. Wakeman, W. C. Walker, C. W. Ray, 

B. T. Cranston, jun^ J. A. Shores, E. D. Bentley, B. F. Bronson, J. L. Howard, —-32. 

ZWitfwilr/. — W. C. Richardson, W. H. Potter, W. P. Benjamin, C. F. Setchel', ¥, F. Emerson, G. H. 
Miner, G. D. Packer, J. F. Temple, J. B. Hoyt, T. G. Snelling, S. J. Bropson, S. Howell, J. R. Stubbert, 
W. D. Morgan, William Butler, A. f. Sage, J. W. Manning, Mrs. Lyman Clark, Lyman Clark, A. M. 
Worcester, C. B. Rockwell, J. M. Bronson, ~~ 22. 


^ Weston, Ecmard Colgate, R. Jeffrey, A. C. Osbom, G. H. Brigham, L. G. Barrett, — 25. 

IklmUs, — \, C. Wilkins, T. D. Anderson, jun., W. Reid, Mrs. S. W. Jutten, Mrs. S. P. White, 
*. S. Makxom, — 6. 


Life-Members, — C. B. Stout, W. S. Goodman, H. G. Mason, J. E. Wilson, A. H. Lung, G. E. Horr, 
Crs. £. M. Horr, A. H. Burlingham, — 8. 

DelegaUs. — E. R. Jones, G. S. Van Wickes, H. V. Jone3, W. A. Gellatly, J. H. Brittain, Samuel 
^gate, W. R. Freas, R. F. McMichael, G. A. Simonson, H. B. Wiggin, E. B. Pallner, — 11. 


Ufe-Members, — K Andrews, W. N. Lawrence, N. J. Clark, N. C. Naylor, B. Griffith, J. M. Gil- 
OQgh, J. H. sParks, J. M. Pendleton, T. Swaim, J. Peddie, G. Cooper, James Lisk, George Bowman, A. 
Lendalf, Lucy A. Knowlton, Mrs. B. Griffith, H. L. Wayland, G. D. B. Pepper, P. S. Henson, G. W. 
kJiderson, H. E. Lincoln, George Callachan, — 22. 

Delegates. — W. N. Webster, S. A. Crozer, A. J, Rowland, George Whitman, Fred. Evans, B. D. 
ThoiaoA, D. T. Phillips, O. W. Spratt, — 8. 


Ufe-Member. — R. B. Cook. 
ZW^pifc. — J. M. Hoefflin. 


Uft-Member. — Charles Ingalls. 


^^if«w/*r. — E. H. Gray. 
Dd^pUe, — A. F. Mason. 


lift-Members, '-'E., B. Andrews, T. P. Childs, G. W. Gardner, S. W. Duncan, P. M. WeddcU, — 5. 
/^^j. — Charles Rhoads, Mrs. G. M. Rhoades, W. C. P. Rhoades, C. D. Morris, — 4. 

lift-Members, — Warren Randolph, L N. Carman, Lemuel Moss, — 3. 


Uft-Membern, — J. A. Smith, W. W. Evarts, C. F. Tolman, —3. 
l>eUgaUs, — ¥, G. Thearle, J. S. Dickerson, S. P. Cole, —3. 

Lift-Members, — A. Owen, L. H. Trowbridge, E. A. Russell, C. Van Husen, Mrsi C. Van Httsetii -» 5. 

Life-Mewtbers.'^Wlo P. Jewett, Henry Clark, — 2. 

Lifi'Member.-^n. C Woodi. , 
Dete^gate, «— A. J. Lyon. 


Sixty-Third Annual Report. 

Life-Member, -^1, J. Stoddard. 


Delegate. — M. H. Pogson. 

Delegate, — A. E. Dickinson. 

Life-Member. — J. H. Castle. 


Life-Members. —J. G. Binney, S. B. Rand, — 2. 

Life-Member. — O. T. Cutter. 

Maine . 

Kew Hampshire 
Massachusetts . 
Rhode Island 
New York . 
New Jersey . 
Delaware . 

Maryland '. 
District of Columbia 
Ohio . 
Michigan . . 
Illinois . • 

Minnesota . 
Iowa . 



. 16 



. 22 





Wisconsin . 

Missouri . 

Southern Baptist Conv. 




. 2 


Grand total .... 429. 

In the absence of a report from the Committee on Obituaries, it was voted to j 
the expressions of respect and sympathy for deceased members, contained in the 
of the Executive Committee. The following letter was then read : — 

CousBuii-PLACB Baptist Cmukchi Nbw Oklhans, La., Miy 

To THE American Baptist Missionary Union. 

Dear Brethren^ — At the twenty-second session of the Southern Baptist Conventioi 
being held as above, the following resolution was introduced by Rev. William Howard, 
of Texas, and unanimously adopted : — 

^^Resolvedy That the president appoint five brethren to attend the anniversaries ^ the 
ties of our Northern brethren, soon to mee^at Providence, R.I., and to convey to t^ese 
ties our fraternal salutations." 

In accordance with this resolution, the chair appointed Rev. W. Pope Yeaman, Id.D 
Thomas J. Evans, Rev. J. William Jones, D.D., Rev. William £. Hatcher, D.D., apid I 
£. Dickinson, D.D. Fraternally yours, | 

Jambs P. Boycb, President S. B, mCotn 




Sixty-Third Annual Meeting of the Board. 


Rev. W. E. Hatcher, D.D., and Rev. A. E. Dickinson, D.D., the delegates present, 
then were introduced to the Union by President Robinson. Speaking for the Union he 
gave them a cordial greeting. 

* We have passed through sad scenes," he said. " The yawning chasm has seemed to 
be closing up ; the seam yet remains. We ask nothing but this : you and we look to 
the same God, we worship the same Saviour, we are working in the same cause ; and we 
all look forward to the day when in fulness of spirit we shall be absolutely one, 
[Applause.] I extend to you, I am confident, the true Ciiristian fellowship from every 
member of this Union." 

Dr. Hatcher and Dr. Dickinson eloquently responded. Rev. N* B. Randall of Rhode 
Island offered the following resolution : — 

Resolved^ That a committee of three be appointed, to invite the appointment of like commit- 
tees from the American Baptist Home Missionary Society, and from the American Baptist 
Publication Society. 

2. In union with said committees (if they are appointed), to constitute a joint committee to 
prepare a plan for the consolidation of tlie several societies, and to provide an equable basis of 

3. To report at the next annual meeting of the society. 

The resolution was referred to the Board of Managers. It was announced that 
|i 1,000 were still needed in order to remove the debt, though $5,000 of this had been 
^edged on condition that the whole debt should be cancelled. 

In order to give an opportunity for a meeting of the Board of Mapagers, the Union 
djoumed after prayer by Rev. S. F. Smith, D.D., of Massachusetts, to meet in Cleve- 
land, 0., at the call of the Executive Committee. 

£. G. Robinson, President. 
Henry S. Burrage, Recording Secretary^ 


Providence, R.L, May 23, 1877. 

This afternoon, immediately after the adjournment of the American Baptist Missionary 
I^nion, its Board of Managers met in the parlor of the First Baptist Church, and was 
called to order b^ Rev. Dr. Bright, the chairman. In the absence of J. R Thresher, 
Esq., the Recordmg Secretary, Rev. W. H. Eaton, was chosen Secretary //-^/^w. Rev. 
J. F. Elder, D.D., opened the meeting with prayer. 

The roll was caJled, and the following members were found to be present : — 

R. Jeffery. 
W. W. Everts, 
s. w. foljambe. 
Edward Bright. 
J. H. Castlb. 
A. Owen. 
R. BfL Luther. 
S. L. Caldwell. 
J. F. Elder. 
Edw. Judson. 


M. H. BiXBY. 
S. L. B. Chase. 
W. H. Eaton. 

A. T. Rowland. 
S. W. Duncan. 
H. C. Woods. 
R. J. Adams. 
Gardner Colby. 
Samuel Colgate. 
MiAL Davis. 
W. A. Gellatly. 
Isaac G. Johnson. 
William A. Bowdlear. 
James L. Howard. 
S. A. Crozer. 
George Callaghan. 

178 Sixty-Third Anntml Meeting. \}^h 

The following were appointed a Committee on Nominations; viz., S. L.*CaldweIly 
W. W. Everts, J. F. Elder, A. J. Rowland, and W. A. Gellatly. 

The Nominating Committee reported the following list of officers, who were elected 
bj^ ballot : — 

Chairman^ Rev. Edward Bright, D.D. 

Recording Secretary^ Rev, W. H. Eaton, D.D. 

Executive Committee, 

Rev. Alvah Hovey, D.D. J. Warren Merrill. 

Rev. A. J. Gordon. G. W. Chipman. 

Rev. H. M. King. H. A. Pevear. 

Rev. H. C. Mabie. C. W. Kingsley. 

Robert O. Fuller. 

Corresponding Secretary^ Rev. J. N. MURDOCK, D.D. 

Treasurer^ F. A. Smith, Esq. 

Auditing ) George Brooks, 

Committee, ) Joseph G. Shed. ' 

Votedy That the salaries of the Secretary and Treasurer, for the ensuing year, be 
$3,000 each. 

The report of the Committee on the Memorial of the Conference of Baptist MimSf^ 
ters was read by the Secretary, and adopted by the Board. 

The resolutions^ presented to the Union by the Rev. Mr. Randall, on consolidadooi - 
and referred by the Union to the Board, were read ; and it was voted that they be kud . 
upon the table. 

The Chairman invited Dr. Murdock to make any suggestions to the Board which te 
thought desirable. He spoke of the importance of occupying Upper Burmah, of tte' , 
great encouragement God has given us among the Teloogoos, and of the importance of 
sustaining all our missions. 

The following resolution was passed : — 

Resolved, That the reports referred to the Board«be transmitted to the Exeeutive Com- ■ 
mittee, and that the Board earnestly recommend the Committee to go forward in the pros- 
ecution and expansion of existing missions as they 6nd the means at their command. 

The Board adjourned with prayer by Dr. Owen, to meet in the same room Thursday 
morning, May 24, at nine o'clock ; and the Chairman was requested to invite the mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee in town to meet with us. 

Thursday morning at nine o^clock the Board met according to adjournment. Dr. 
Hovey prayed. Four members of the Executive Committee were present; viz., Dr. 
Hovey, Rev. A. J. Gordon, Rev. H. C. Mabie, and Hon. J. Warren Merrill. There was«, 
a free conference, participated in by all present, on the subject of agencies to be '• 
employed by the Executive Committee. There seemed to be but one desire on the * 
part of all, — that such a course should be pursued as should subserve in the highest . 
degree the cause of missions. The following vote was passed unanimously : — 

Voted, That Dr. Bright and Messrs. Crozer and Colgate be appointed a committee to ; 
confer with the Executive Committee upon the subject of agencies. \ \ 

The Board adjourned with prayer by Rev. S. L. B. Chase. j 

W. H. Eaton, Recording Secretary. E. Bright, Chairman. 


^877-] Home Department. 179 



Ml President, and Brethren op tub Union. 

Having closed another year of labor and responsibility, the Executive Committee 
krewith present an account of their doings, and of the state of the missions sustained 
bf the Missionary Union. 

So far as the work of missions is subject to the direction of the Executive Com- 
adttec, it has been their care to foster it to the best of their ability, and even beyond 
tlieir ability, and to shape it in accordance with the divinely inspired method of evan- 
gelization. But it may as well be confessed that the sphere within which this work is 
sobject to official guidance and control is very limited indeed. We cannot command 
the liberality of those on whose offerings the success of missions so largely depends, 
iKtf can we control the events which enlarge the field of their operations, and give such 
tflpncy to the demands they make upon us. Events are greater than men ; and we 
oron find ourselves thwarted in what we have proposed, and impelled to courses which 
ic have not chosen. But in all the vicissitudes to which the great work is subject, 
le are able to trace the shaping and loving hand of our Almighty Helper, and to see 
tbiough all the clouds which close around us the sure fulfilment of the divine purpose 
to bl^ all nations in the Man of Calvary. 


Soon after the last annual meeting, the Executive Committee then appointed were 
called together and duly organized. Hon. £. C. Fitz, who had been a member of the 
Committee more than two years, and who had rendered valuable service, felt obliged to 
Rsign his position ; and the Committee reluctantly consented to the separation. After 
ttndi thought the vacancy thus occasioned was supplied by the election of Chester W. 
liogsley, £sq.^ who accepted the trust and entered on its duties. Later in the year 
Rev. Wayland Hoyt, who had greatly endeared himself to the Committee by his 
pmnpt and thoughtful discharge of his duties, as well as by his genial spirit, removed 
to another field of labor, and tendered his resignation. The vacancy was filled by the 
Section of Rev. H. C. Mabie, who in due time accepted the trust. The meetings of 
the Committee have been marked by brotherly love, and the Christian courtesy which 
flows from it ; and at all times the common desire to serve the cause of missions, and 
to honor the God of missions, has been sincerely cherished. 

In noticing the changes which have taken place during the year, the Committee 
deem it proper to refer to the change made at the last meeting of the Board of Man- 
agers in the working force at the Rooms. While on public grounds they are con- 
strained to acquiesce in the policy which deprived them of the presence and counsels 
of the late Home Secretary, they are free to say that his withdrawal from the Rooms 
lias been an occasion of personal regret to every one of their number. Dr. Gardner's 
vide range of knowledge, his large experience, and his effective public presentation of 
tiie cause of missions, were high qualifications for his important position, while his 
dways genial spirit had greatly endeared him to his associates. And the Committee 

i8o Sixty-Third Annual Report. [July, 

are not surprised, though none the less gratified, to know that in the new and most 
honorable sphere to which the providence of God has called him, he still ma^^ifies 
the cause of Christian missions by frequent personal service in its behalf. 

The only additional change in the managemont of the Rooms has been the substi- 
tution of a male for a female clerk in the Treasury Department, at an increased cost 
of only $200 per annum. The assistance in the Secretary's Department, including 
the assignment of the District Secretary for New England to aid in the editorial work 
of the Magazine, has been the same as in previous years. The failure to provide the 
assistance authorized by the Board of Managers, as an essential part of the new 
policy, was occasioned solely by a desire, on the part of some members of the Com- 
mittee, to save every dollar possible in tne expenses of the Rooms. 


Many active friends and supporters of the cause of missions have finished their 
course during the year, and entered on their reward. Only a few of these worthies 
come within the rule prescribed by custom for these notices. Four laborers connected ■ 
with the missions of the Union have fallen asleep in Jesus since our last anniversary. 
One had borne the burden and heat of the day, and finished the period allotted to 
man on earth. #One was cut down in the mid-career of a most useful life. One 
had so far entered into the service as to excite rare hopes of future efficiency. The 
other was stricken on the threshold of the work to which she had devoted her life. 

The Rev. James M. Haswell, D.D., was born in Bennington, Vt, Feb. 4, 1810, \ 
graduated from Hamilton Literary and Theological Institution in 1835, ^^ appointed 
a missionary Aug. 3 of the same year, sailed for Burmah on the 22d of the next 
month, reached his destination in February, 1836, and died Sept. 13, 1876. During 
this long period of more than forty years he twice visited the United States, — first 
in 1849, remaining here a little more than three years, and again in 1867, making 
a stay of about nine months ; making the total of his home vacations not far from four I 
years. During the earlier period of his thirty-six years of active missionary service 
he labored for the Peguans, or, as they are now generally called, Talaings. He trans- 
lated the New Testament into the language of this people, and prepared many reli 
gious tracts for their instruction. Thpugh he afterwards learned the Burman language, 
and used it fluently in preaching to that race, and had been known for many years ] 
as a missionary to the Burmans, he never lost his interest in the people to whom he i 
was first sent. Among the last letters sent to the Rooms, he urged the appointment of \ 
a missionary to the Talaings ; and about the last work wrought by his trembling hand , 
was the revision and preparation of tracts in their language. He was a man of hi^ \ 
character, an industrious scholar, an adept in the languages and literature of the races \ 
for whom he wrought, an able minister of the new covenant, and a devoted servant of '\ 
Christ. He had few superiors in point of personal character and missionary efficiency. 

Arthur R. R. Crawley was born in Cape Breton in 183 1, graduated at Acadia 
College in 1849, and at Newton Theological Seminary in 1853, having already 
received an appointment as a missionary to Burmah. He sailed from this country in 
December of the same year; and in October, 1854, he located in Henthada, and was 
honored of God as the founder of that most fruitful Burman station. He made two 
trips to this country, once in 1868 on account of his family, when he remained only a 
few months, and a second time in 1872, on account of the fatal disease which finally 
terminated his valuable life. Mr. Crawley was one of the most unsparing and effec- 
tive workers that ever labored among the heathen. And he was as judicious as he was 
enterprising. It is seldom that a Christian laborer has builded more wisely ; and no 
man who has labored among the Burmans has attained a more marked success in 
winning souls. He was one of the manliest of men ; the magnanimity of his spirit 
corresponded to his robust and imposing physical mould ; his mental qualities v/ere of 
a high order, and withal he was a devout Christian. After more than twenty-one 
years spent on the field, while in the harness, and producing larger numerical results 

Missionary Changes. i8i 

y other man devoted to Barman evangelization, he laid down his work with his 
the 9th of October last, at the early age of forty-five years. He has left a 
orthy to be enrolled among the heroes of the heroic age of Christian missions. 
Ruth Williams, wife of Rev.*R. R. Williams of the theological seminary at 
itam, was bom in Winnebago, 111., in 1845, and died suddenly at Madras on 
)f June last. She had been in India only two and a half years, but she had 
ood progress in the language, and had become quite efficient as an assistant 
iVilliams in the work of the seminary. Though suddenly arrested by death in 

flush of life and hope, she was ready for the summons, and died rejoicing 

MvRA H. Stetson was appointed Nov. 10, 1874, as an assistant to Miss Haswell, 
chool at Maulmain, and sailed early in the following spring. On the voyage 
: a severe cold, from the effect of which she never recovered. She was bom in 

Me., May 9, 1847 > ^"^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^r father's house, having returned after a 
ly in Burmah, Nov. 3, 1876, in the twenty-ninth year of her age. She cherished 
rinking faith that God would be glorified in her life or in her death, 
ig the home supporters of our missions who have fallen asleep during the 
5 are called to record the name of Alexis Caswell, D.D., LL.D., president of 
on during the years 1867 and 1868. Dr. Caswell was born in January, 1799, 

Brown University in September, 1818^ and was graduated in 1822. In 1823 
t to Columbia College, Washington, and spent four and a half years there as 
d professor. In the autumn of 1827, he was ordained as pastor of the Baptist 
in Halifax, N.S. His pastorate was successful, but in September of the foUow- 
• he accepted the chair of mathematics and natural philosophy in Brown Univer- 
'he style of the professorship was afterwards changed to mathematics and astron- 
d he retained it about thirty-five years. In 1868 he was elected president of the 
ity, a post which he filled with honor four and a half years ; and he retained 
in the Board of Trustees as well as Board of Fellows, till the date of his death 
ary last. Including his course as a student, he was connected with the institu- 

pupil, professor, president, and trustee, within a fraction of forty-five years, 
well was well known in scientific circles ; he was an earnest and effective advo- 

higher Christian education ; he was familiar with most of the founders of the 
Board of Foreign Missions, and from the first was deeply interested in its for- 
There are few men amongst us who know the history of our missions so well, 
evince a deeper practical interest in their progress. 

EZER Marsh, M.D., of Alton, 111., for many years a member of the Board of 
rs, a fast friend and liberal supporter of missions, fell asleep on the first day of 
sent year. He was bom in Sturbridge, Mass., Sept. 16, 1806. At the age 
ty-six he removed to Alton, III, where he lived, honored and respected, till the 
lis death. Dr. Marsh was a tried friend of missions, and a helper in every good 

missionary changes. 

the last annual meeting the following missionaries, then reported as in this 
, have returned to their fields of labor : Rev. E. A. Stevens, D.D., and wife ; Rev. 
/. Smith and wife ; Rev. J. N. Cushing and wife ; and Miss Isabella Watson. 
5sa A. Bailey and Miss S. J. Higby, formerly missionaries in Burmah, received 
)ointments, and returned to their work, which had been intermpted by ill health, 
following new missionaries have also been sent out during the year : Rev. 
s Morrow and wife to Tavoy ; Rev. A. V. Cmmb and wife to Toungoo ; Rev. 
>. Dobbins and wife to Japan; Miss M. Sheldon to Maulmain ; and Miss E. H. 
o Henthada. 

H. M. Hopkinson and wife reached this country early in the last year ; and, as 

no immediate prospect that he will be able to retum to Burmah, he was induced 

n his connection with the Union. Rev. A. V. Timpany also returned to this 

' with his family, and in October last resigned with a view to joining the 

1 82 Sixty-Third Annual Report. [Ji 

Canadian Coconada mission. Rev. Dr. Binney and wife reached tl b country dui 
the summer in greatly improved health. In addition to the last-named missiona: 
we have now in this country Rev. William Ashmore, D.D., and wife ; Rev. L. Jew 
D.D., and wife ; Rev. N. Harris and wife ; Rev. J, B. Vinton and wife ; Rev. T 
Keith and wife; Rev. E, O. Stevens and wife; Rev, I. J. Stoddard and wife; Rev. 
B. Rand and wife. 

The only missionaries now under appointment are Miss Mary M. Day, the daugli 
of one of the founders of the mission to the Teloogoos; Miss Julia C. Bromley; W 
Ella F. McAllister ; and Miss Sophia A. Norwood. 


In pursuance of a suggestion of the Board of Managers, the Committee have tra 
ferred " The Macedoman and Helping Hand " to the woman's societies ^ and sii 
February last it has been published by them, under the name of " The Helpmg Han< 
It will continue to take notice of what is most vital in the work of the Mission; 
Union, while its more direct aim will be to help the women of the Baptist churches 
caring for the salvation of the heathen. 

The accounts of the Magazine for the year ending Dec. 31 are as follows : — 

Cost of publication for 1876 16,720.19 

Receipts from subscriptions and advertisements • ■ 5.25S.60 

Deficit for 1876 1,461.53 

Deficit for 1875 405*23 

Total indebtedness of Magazine ^1,866.76 

'' The Macedonian and Helping Hand " presents tlie following statement up to D 
31, 1876: — 

Cost of Macedonian and Helping Hand for 1876 • • • • • • l4f J38.01 

Receipts during the ]rear . . . • • 5*^55.52 

Deficit for the year • 482.49 

Cancelled by cash from Woman^s Societies ^301.56 

" " Treasury Missionary Union • • • . x8a93 



The gross amount paid into the treasury during the year was $238,777.15. 
this sum, by stipulation of the donors, $13,053.18 was added to the permanent fui 
held by the Union. The sum applicable to the payment of the current expenses 
the year was $225,733.97. This sum was derived as follows : From donations fr 
churches and individuals, $146,745.43 ; from legacies, $16,721.87 ; from the Woma 
Baptist Missionary Society, $29,945.76; from the Woman's Society of the W( 
$9,800.89 ; from the Woman's Society of the Pacific Coast, $424.35 ; and from mis< 
laneous sources, $22,293.82. 

The donations and legacies were derived as follpws: Maine, $4,495.19; ^ 
Hampshire, $2,932.19; Vermont, $2,388.49; Massachusetts, $42,328.03; Rh< 
Island, $5,559.72 ; Connecticut, $4,992.83 ; New York, $34,504.21 ; New Jen 
$7,738.21; Pennsylvania, $16,432.30 ; Ohio, $7,699.40 ; Indiana, $5,035.65; Iliin* 
$11,388.42 ; Iowa, $2,674.86 ; Michigan, $2,605.43 ; Minnesota, $1,184.74 ; Wiscon: 
$2,407.43 ; Missouri, $536.88 ; Kansas, $349.00 ; Nebraska, $82.76 ; Colorado, $46.; 
Oregon, $38.25 ; California, $307.13 ; Maryland, $21.00 ; District of Columbia, $5, 
68; Delaware, $234.48 ; Virginia, $39.45 ; West Virginia, $541.05; Kentucky, $4. 
Tennessee, $43.00; Washington Territory, $20.00; Nortii Carolina, $2.00; ^ 
Brunswick, $2.00; Sweden, $623.31 ; France, $1,473.00; India, $731.71; Ch: 
$280.23 ; Dakota, $11.00 ; Assam, $320.76 ; Cape Breton, $56.25 ; Burmah, $2,782 
Total, $163,467.30. 

1877] Collection Districts. 183 


The collection districts have remained the same as last year, with two exceptions. 
Rev. Orrin Dodge has been superseded as special agent for New York City and 
vicinity, by Rev. J. B. Simmons, D.D. Dr. Simmons, having been appointed last 
summer to a special agency, selected as his field the three cities of New York, Brook- 
lyn, and Philadelphia, with their suburbs. This plan, which went into operation on 
VDA ist of April last, also throws Rev. J. V. Ambler, of the Southern District, out of 
Philadelphia, and leaves the territory between the two New York cities and Phila- 
delphia unprovided for, while it takes from the large southern district its chief 
sources of income. Dr. Simmons commenced his labors on the ist of January last, 
and rendered important service in sowing light and collecting money for missions. 
Messrs. Dodge and Ambler retained the charge of the territory assigned them by the 
committee till the expiration of the regular term for which they were appointed ; and 
they still remain in the service of the Union, awaiting the new adjustment of their 
former fields of labor. They have both rendered most faithful and efficient service 
to the Missionary Union, and the committee are anxious to retain their services if a 
satisfactory arrangement can be made. 

Eastern District ^ 
Rev. W. S. McKenzie, Secretary, reports as follows : — 

The fiscal year ending March 31, 1877, will ever be vividly remembered hf the secretary of this 
district as one of severe labor and trial in raising funds for the work of the Missionary Union. As the 
months came and went, steadily increasing the deficit as compared with the income of the same time in 
the previous year, anxiety became oppressive. That growing deficiency seemed to be unavoidable. 
The wide-spr^id financial stringency, under which every branch of industry has been suffering for four 
or fire years, has during the past year made it more than ever difficult to secure adequate missionary 
costribiitions. The stagnation in every department of business has not only diminished incomes^ but 
bas kought manv generous contributors into the severest straits. Not a few of the churches have been 
Krioosly cripplea with debts resting on their houses of worship, and embarrassed to meet their current 
eipenses. Appeals for a contribution to missions made to churches struggling with cumbersome debts 
hare been regarded by some as an inexcusable impertinence. And yet there are churches, I am happy 
to report, that would not allow a meeting-house debt to diminish their customary offerings to the cause 
of foftign missions. It is a significant tact, that those churches have also promptly and fully paid all 
their current expenses. 

^ It gives me pleasure to report that an unusually large number of churches and individuals in this 
dirtrict have contributed the last year to the treasury of the Union. But for this increase in the number 
of contributing churches and inoividuals, the falling-off in the receipts from New England must have 
been very great. It was this that saved the Union from the frightful deficiency that was anticipated as 
n bevitable result of the hard times. For nearly all the larger, richer, and stronger churches, located 
in die great business centres, that have hitherto made largb annual contributions to foreign missions, 
hare, in the past year, fallen very far below their customary olferings to this cause. No urgency of 
ippttl could OAke them bring up their contributions to the amount of former years. 

tfut it is certain, and ought to be stated for the encouragement of those who have fears for the 
fintnre of the Union's work, mat there never was a more general, intelligent, and earnest sympathy with 
the cause of fore^ni missions, as indicated among the churches and pastors of New England, than there 
bat this hour. "Hus enterprise, it may be confioently predicted, is speedily to have a more commanding 
piaoe assigned it in the estimation and contributions of the Baptists of New England. The signs of 
todi an advance are clear, sure, and inspiring. The Missionary Union need not hesitate, because of its 
(iresent financial burden, to enlarjge the sphere of its operations in foreign lands. The ignorance and 
•pathy, of which there has been just complaint in the past, are fast disappearing. Such pastors as I 
Aeet almost everywhere, in my travels through this district, will not suffer the churches to which they 
irinister to remain indifferent to the claims of the great commission. It is true, and should be 
dedared, that there is a very general uprising amon^ pastors on the subject of missions to heathen 
bads. There is more reading and preaching on foreign missions to-day than there ever was before. 
The religious press of our denomination is more frequent and emphatic m its advocacy of this enter- 

E'tti The csul for missionary tracts and books is constant and urgent These and other facts justify 
prophecy tlAt a brighter day for the work of the Union is near at hand. 

Reference will be made in the Annual Report, to the plan, now in process of execution, of having 
Modational secretaries to aid the district secretaries. In New England already forty brethren have 
ootdially consented to render the service appointed them by the Union. From this plan very much may 
^ expected, llie field from which funds must be obtained will be more generally and thoroughly 
tridvated than is passible by a single man. 

* The following is a tidi>uiated statement of the donations and legacies from each State of the Eastern 
I^iitna for the bst fiscal year : — 

1 84 Sixty 'Third Annual Report. [Jul 


Maine ^3.807.85 $687.54 #4.495-19 

New Hampshire • • • • • 2,081.59 Ssaoo 2*932.19 

Vermont 2,36a 29 28.20 2,388.49 

Massachusetts 24.353-46 7*974- 57 42.328.03 

Rhode Island 5.090.05 463-67 5.559-72 

Connecticut •••••• 4.992.83 4.992.83 

#52,692.07 #10,004.38 #62,696.45 

The regular receipts from New England in the year previous were, donations, 54,415.44; legad* 
#9^057.91 ; total, #63,47 3.3c; showing a fallingoff to the amount x)f #776.90. 

Adding the receipts of tne Woman's Society for the past year (#19,507.50) from the six New Engia 
States to those of the Union for the same time anci from the same neld, we have the followi 
result: — 


#62,696.45 #19.507-50 #82,203.95 

The previous year the regular receipts stood thus : — 


#63.473-35 #19,287.82 #82,761.17 

Showing a falling-off to the amount of #557.22. 

The year before the last, about #11,000 were received in the *^ Fourth of July Offering^^ and on " 7 
Paris Chapel DtbL^"* Jud^ng from the results of these special efforts, as seen in the diminished total 
receipts in the year followmg that of some extra effort, it was feared that the receipts of the year 1S7 
77 would be, as heretofore, seriously affected by the two specials in the year 1875-76^ But it has n 
turned out as was expected. 

New York District. 

Rev. G. H. Brigham, District Secretary, makes the following report for the yea 
After referring to the generally unpropitious state of the country, and the straitem 
condition of the churches, Mr. Brigham says : — 

" In the face of unwonted obstacles, I resolved upon an ' advance all along the line,* if possib 
Early in the year I issued circulars, accompanying many of them with letters, to all the pastors a 
churches of my district, asking all who had notalreadv reached that amount, to attempt the raising 
a sum equal to one half a dollar per member, the object being to get before their minds a denn 
amount towards which to aim. So far as I have been able to visit the churches, the collections ha 
been better on an average than during any preceding year of my work ; and pastors who have h 
faith and courage to push the work have usually succeeded in bringing up the usual amount ; but ma 
whose own salaries were yet unpaid seemed to have \\iX\t push left in them. 

" At times I feared a very great falling-o£E from the previous year, and should not have been dis; 
pointed had such been the result. In summing up the results of the year, I am constrained to ' tha 
God, and take courage.' 

** The total receipts in my district, so far as I am able to give them, are #18,548.20^ being an advai 
upon the previous year of #707.87, and this with less of legacies than the previous year, so that 
increase of contributions is about #i,ooa As efficient allies in the work, I desire to express my h 
appreciation of the Woman's Missionary Circles, through the efforts of which #4,879.05 have b< 
received. Of this amount doubtless a portion would have come in through the channel of chu; 
contributions ; but the larger part I regara as gain to the cause from individuals, and small churcl 
which would not otherwise have been reached; and a still more gratifying result is the enlisting 
a very large number of the women of our churches in the cause. 

** I would also note the fact that quite a large number of Sunday schools have been induced to dev 
a monthly collection to the cause. 

" A large number of churches are reviving the missionary concert upon the evening of the first recu 
prayer-meeting of the month, and many pastors are awakening to the importance of informing the 
selves and others upon the Subject of missions. 

<* To some extent, I feel that the ' advance ' has been secured. 

"In the prosectltion of my work, I have travelled over 12,000 miles, preached 65 sermons, given 
addresses, written about 800 letters, sent out some 2,000 circulars, attended 13 assoaations, national s 
state anniversaries, and held 2 missionary conventions. 

** The outlook for the future I regard as hopef uL" 

Mr. Dodge, who was assigned a special agency for New York City and vicinity, I: 
labored with his usual industry, and gives the following account of his labors and th 
results. He was aided by Dr. Simmons during the last three months of the year. 

877-] Collection Districts. 185 

"During the year I have been very kindly received by the pastors and churches ; and although the 
Qoant contributed is less than in some previous years, it is not owing to any diminution of interest in 
e cause, but to the financial state of the country. Many of our larger contributors have ceased to be 
fie to do as formerly, and many of the smaller subscribers have all they can possibly do to get bread, 
lien finandal matters change, the old friends will show that the cause is on their hearts. 
"During the vear ending March 31, 1 have travelled about 8,665 "lilcs, visited 127 churches, attended 
issociatxons, aelivered 121 sermons and missionary addresses, besides personal applications to pastors 
d ixKlividuab. I have corresponded with all the churches not visited, and have tried to bring them up 
act and read upon the subject of missions. There has been a small increase in the number of con- 
bating churches in the district 

''Amount contributed during the year, ^27,09a4o ; less than last year, I67.22. 
"It ought to be borne in mind that ^400 was received on the special effort for the Paris Chapel last 
ar. I regret that I am not able to nuake a more favorable report, and have done all I could to avoid 
t necessity of such an exhibit" 

Southern District. 

Mr. Ambler has had the assistance of Dr. Simmons for the last quarter, and is able 
) make a very gratifying showing, as will be seen from the brief statement which is 
ppended : — 

"If the year ending March, 1876, was one of trials in the home work of foreign missions, the one just 
osed was more abundantly so. But, as the area of pressure included all me workers, I have not 
TODght under difficulties alone. I was greatly cheered m my work by two visits from the Correspond- 
ig Secretary ; the memory of his heart-stirring addresses will not soon fade from manv who heard 
lem. I desire also gratefully to acknowledge me kind co-operation of pastors and other friends of the 
lose in different parts of my district. 

"I attended during the year 9 associations and one missionary convention, visited 100 churches and 32 
onday schools, delivered 1 10 sermons and addresses ; 700 letters were written, and over 200 postal 
irds used, and 6,500 miles were travelled. 

"The receipts for the year, from different parts of the district, were as foUoWs : — 

Pennsylvania ••»•.•••••••. ^14,288.85 

Legacy 2oaoo 



West New Jersey, Donations •••••••• 3.049.21 

Delaware " 19302 

IMstrict of Columbia " 533-68 

Maryland and States south " 59-45 

The above foots u^ $18,344 21 

td shows a loss in legacies, as compared with the previous year, of $800^ and of $806 in donations. 
bere was a slight gain in Pennsylvania, but a loss of $754 in the portion of New Jersey included in 
is district." 

Middle District. 

Rev. Thomas Allen has cultivated the States of Ohio and West Virginia with his 
»ual diligence, and reports as follows : — 

"At the commencement of the year, fully realizing that it would be one in which finances would be 
fffessed, I laid out my work to the best advantage possible, and have tried to work to the rule I 
bpted ; viz., as a general thing, visit such churches as would not be likely to do their work, and render 
I possible aid by arculars, letters, and postal cards, to such as would be likely to do without me. As 
result, about twenty more churches have contributed this year than last 

''Inthe prosecution of mjr work, I have travelled 16,948 miles, visited in person 83 churches, addressed 
i Sunday schools, held 3 missionary conventions, attended 15 associations, and preached 198 sermons 
r addresses, mostly on missions. I have also written 721 letters, and used about 500 postal cards. 
** My field has yielded j( 10^899.07. Of tills amount there has been collected, — 

Regular donations $7*649.90 

Permanent funds 768.65 

Interest on notes 115.11 

Legacies 250.00 

Woman's Miflfiionury Society 2,115.41 

$10,899 07 
"This b but $30.63 less than last year, which, considering the stringency of money, I think is good. 
^ the $10,899107 coxSributec^ $10,395.12 is from Ohio ancl $503.95 from West Virginia." 

1 86 Sixty-Third Annual Report. [Ji 

Lake District^ 
Rev. S. M. Stimson, D.D., Secretary, sends the following report: — 

" The boundaries of this district remain the same as last year, — • Michigan, Indiana, Southern Illin 
Missouri. The organizations, methods, and amount of work done, are about the same as last year. 

" In Michigan, the Forei^ Missionary Conmiittee appointed by the State Convention at their ani 
meeting in October, orgamzed immediately after by the choice of Rev. J. S. Boyden, chairman, 
Rev. w. W. Pattengill, clerk. A |>ortion of the State was assigned to each member of the Commit 
and every pastor and every church in the State was reached bv circular, by letter, and by personal ap 
cation. If, therefore, there has been a falling-off in the contributions, it has not been from lack of en 

** The organization for work in Indiana is the appointment of a committee of three, by the State C 
yention, to take the general oversight of the work in the State, and report it to the Convention at tl 
annual meeting. Rev. L. Moss, D.D., is the chairman of that committee. Besides this, there is a ] 
son in each association to assist the district secretary in his work. Some of these men have rende 
efficient service. The difficulty with this system lies in getting men who will tiUce hold of the worl 

" There are no organizations of this kind in the remaining portions of the field. 

'* The large decrease in contributions has been mainly in Indiana and Michigan, the larger propon 
in Indiana. Southern Illinois came up to within a few aollars of last year. Missouri, but for the fail 
of a single prominent church, an annual contributor to the funds of the Union hitherto, would have b 
in excess of last year. 

'* Notwithstanding the present falling-off in the contributions from the churches, there are unmisi 
able signs of improvement, and of a revival of the missionary spirit. With faith in God, right meUu 
and efficient work, our foreign mission enterprise is to continue a success. 

" The receipts from the Lake Dbtrict for the year ending March 31 are as follows : — 

Michigan $2,42a74 

Indiana lf9oS.7 

Southern Illinois • • ' i>49J-B' 


Missouri 49$.S3 

Amount • . . • • ^322.23 

The amount last year was . 7,046.61 

Which shows a falling-off of .....•••• 1,513.38 

' '' Ei^ht hundred dollars of this loss was from two of the strongest churches in the district ' 
wealthier churches seem to have suffered the most over the whole district. It has required the utE 
effort on the part of a]l whp have engaged in this work during the year, to do as well as we have.** 

The Western District 

Includes, as last year, Northern Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and all west of 
Mississippi except Missouri, and has been in charge of Rev. C. F. Tolman. ] 
Tolman*s report is given in his own words : — 

^ In reviewing the year which has just closed, I find many reasons for gratitude to the God of 1 
sions. The ' three full years of famine ' have passed, and we begin to hope for plenty in the year 
come ; yet, during these three years of scarcity, the receipts of the Western District have gradu 
increased. Many givers have failed, but others have come to the rescue ; whole churches have beei 
involved as to feel justified in passing bv this cause, yet others have felt called upon to make spc 
sacrifices in this direction ; and while the fibres show that Minnesota and Wisconsin (owing to 
failure of the wheat crop) have fallen behina the records of last year. Northern Illinois has made 
their deficiency, so that the total receipts amount to $1,600 more than the previous year. 

" In produang these results, I wish to ascribe due praise to the interest the ' Standard ' has takei 
the work. Its columns have not only been open to letters from missionaries and appeals for the w 
but the editor-in-chief has most nobly emphasized the work in his leaders. It has frequently urged 
observance of the monthly concert, and now fuxxiishes the West with a column of missionary int 
gence each month. The preparation of these articles adds to my office work, but it is the best met 
which I have found of reaching the whole field. The * Beacon * of Iowa and ' Evangel ' of Califo 
have furnished room for mission facts, and so aided the cause. The conunittees of State Convent 
and Associations have continued to co-operate, and many pastors have proved their lo3ralty by t 
personal liberality in giving, and by eloquent appeals to their people. Dr. and Mrs. Ashmore S] 
nearly two months in holding missionary meetings, and their influence will bear fruit in years to com 

*' My own labors have been pleasant, and more arduous than ever before. My enorts have t 
directed toward producing a missioftary convicHan in the hearts of all the Lord's people. I have t 
to realize how fundamental the work of missions is ; how deep a place it occupies in the heart of 
Redeemer ; how manifestly he has required every one, however poor, to give and pray in order to s 
the gospel where it is not known. Possessed of a profound a>nyiction that our missionary polic 
contained in the grem commission, I have advocated Reaching tht gospel U every creature^ i^&tx \ 

lijj.] Associational Secretaries. 187 

iflj and all policies of education and special elevation. We are fully able to proclaim salvation to 
erery creature ; we are all positively required to do so ; and ' If any man love me, he will keep my 
words,' is the decision of Him who gave the conunand. Though in the advocacy of these principles 
fomething has been accomplished, and results seem favorable, there is very much more to be done. The 
Bomber of churches which give nothing to the treasurv of the Union in this district is decreasing ; but 
tke|r »e still in the majority, and multitudes of good Christians feel no obligations to those outside ol 
ter own state or county, practically declaring an atonement limited to a community centring in 

'*My labors may be summed up as follows : — 

"Pablic meeting attended, 45 ; churches visited, 145 ; sermons and addresses, 310 ; miles travelled 
dkjW; letters written, 3*715; circulars issued, 4,000 ; besides frequent articles in the papers. 

toe visible and tangiole results of these three years — so much o£ the seed, at least, as has matured 
ttdbeen boond into sheaves — may be seen in the following table, showing a healthful development in 
ibgnoe of giving : «- 

»874-7S. 1875-76. 1876-77. 

Northern Illinois •••••• ^7,207.11 $7t7Z7'7Z ^10,117.85 

Iowa • • 2,658.72 2,439.11 2,74a 56 

Minnesota 1,412.54 x,8j4.20 1,18474 

Wiscoasin 2,464.78 2(664.62 2,402.43 

StatesandTerritorieswestof the Missouri River, 436.64 444.62 789.09 

U^iS9-79 *i5.i30-28 *i7i234-67 

"Tliis does not take into account the money given to the Woman^s Society. Were it added, and 
the amount paid on the Teloogoo Seminary fund, it would make a total of $26,000, a gain of $3,000 
over the previous 3rear. The Chicago Branch of the Publication Society has kindly furnished us a 
room, free of rent ; tiie Advisory Committee has rendered valuable suggestions ; but this amount of 
work could not have been done without the help of an office clerk." 


During the year tfie Executive Committee have adopted the plan of procuring some 
person to act m each association of the home field, with a view of getting a donation 
from every church, and if possible from every member. The plan is to communicate 
with the pastors of all the churches in person or by letter, to circulate missionary 
p^)ers, and generally to stir up the minds of both pastors and people to the impor- 
tance of missions to the heathen. It is believed that this olan, if it can be success- 
fully inaugurated and thoroughly worked, will effect a raaical change in our whole 
system of giving, and bring abundance into the treasury. The committee are gradu- 
ally filling up the rollsy and we have hope of good results not many months hence. 

1 88 Sixty-Third Annual Report. [fuly, 




The event which has chiefly signalized the history of the missions in Burmah, the 
last year, was the opening of Upper Burmah to the gospel. After long and anxioos 
waiting for this event, it has dawned upon us in a time of great weakness and finan- 
cial trouble ; and while we rejoice in the progress which the event illustrates, we have 
reason to fear that we shall see the land opened only to see it pass out of our hands. 
Indeed, its openiilg is demonstrated to us by the presence of the missionaries <rf 
another society, who will occupy it unless we are ready to go up and possess it The 
region is wide and thickly peopled with Shans and Kah-chins, the latter a stalwart 
race which has never been reduced to subjection by a conqueror. They are eager to 
learn, and are asking that preachers and teachers may be sent to them. It will be 
one of the most disastrous blows that ever befell our missions in Burmah, if we should 
fail to send two men to that upper country the present season. We invite the most 
earnest attention to the appended statements. 


[Letter from Mr, Car/eMterJ] 

BAtsnK, JaiksS. 

" Before this can reach you, you will have received the stirring intelligence which 
Mr. Gushing communicates of the open door to the Kah-chins. I cannot allow the 
matter to pass by without a word of earnest entreaty. 

" My conviction that it is good, riot to say the best policy, to give the gospel to those 
mountain tribes which are practically without a religion, was never stronger than it is 
to-day. Among those tribes, the Kah-chins, by their numbers, by their strategical 
position, and their sturdy independence, maintained for centuries against the wily Bur- 
mans on the one hand, and the tenacious legions of China on the other, stand easily 
first, probably in importance. 

" I enclose a letter received yesterday from my friend Rev. J. W. Stevenson, the 
senior member of the China Inland Mission at Bhamo. You will see how frankly 
they offer to yield their right of prior occupation, provided you will send a man or 
men at once. Their own objective point is Yunnan in China itself. They see that 
the Kah-chins can be more easily reached from British Burmah as a base, than from 
the eastern seaboard of China. They also see the great advantage which we have in 
a corps of native missionaries already fitted for the work among a race kindred to 
themselves. But it is for us to see that the Kah-chin hills are neutral territory, that 
they belong quite as much to China as to Burmah, and that while we have been talk- 
ing rather loudly about our advance to Bhamo, these four English brethren have fairly 
got the start of us. They have established themselves in Bhamo, but they have not 
contented themselves with sitting down safely under the shadow of the British Resi- 
dency. They have gone right up into the heart of those mountains, and they have 
spent months in the rude but hospitable homes of those dreaded " savages." God 
has given them a favorable reception, and raised up for them numerous friends among 
those warlike chiefs. Let due honor be given them for their Christian courage anq 
self-sacrificing devotion. 

l%77'] Asiatic Missions. 189 

" In the generous offer of theses brethren, and especially in the attitude of the Kah- 
chins themselves, have we not a loud call from God himself ? Can it be difficult to 
find a good man, or better still, two good men, to respond to it ? You already know 
my opinion of the desirableness of that field. You will find in my letter of July i, 
1874, the following to the Executive Committee: *I would accept cheerfully and 
hopefully an appointment to the Kah-chins of Bhamo. If you are prepared to advance 
in that direction, and have no younger men willing to lead, or if you deem my experi- 
ence needful in laying the foundations of a mission to that people, I am ready to 
undertake that work. ... As they are a wild and exclusive people, a year or two 
might pass before I could get among them. I would leave the question of re-enforce- 
ment in abeyance until we could calculate the changes of a favorable opening.' 

"Thus I wrote in good faith two and a half years a^. Your reply was, that it seemed 
to the committee that the time had not come for occup)ring Bhamo ; that, besides, the 
financial condition of the Union would scarcely warrant the movement at that time. 
I was directed to return to my old field in Bassein ; and the work here has now assumed 
ach a phase, that it would be wrong, in my judgment, for me to leave it for any other 

** Beyond all reasonable doubt, the time has now fully cdme for the Missionary Union 
to occupy Bhamo in force, if it is ever going to do so. Besides the man or men for 
tbe mountains, Mr. Cushing ought to have a good man by his side for the Shan work 
it once. He is the man to give the Shans the word of God in their own language, 
and he ought not to be kept long at such a distance from his library and the press. 
There is said to be an ample field also for a Burman missionary at Bhamo. 

" But you will say that the financial prospects of the Union are gloomier than ever. 
In all simplicity I reply that whether the means and men for this new mission are 
forthcoming or not, is a question of conviction and leadership merely. If the leaders 
of the Missionary Union are convinced that this is God's time for them to break 
ground on the mountains and table-lands of Central Asia, they will surely find every 
tiiing needful ready for their hand. In a year of unprecedented burdens and reverses, 
these Bassein Karens have sent forth one of their choicest young men to the Kali- 
chins ; and I know that when they hear what you have now heard, I can raise the sup- 
port of from three to six more of their own sons, whom they will cheerfully send on 
this Christlike errand. Can I believe that American Christians, my own kindred, are 
more sordid and insensible to the call of duty than. these poor Karens? Even if any 
increase of the regular donations were impossible, it could not be very difficult, with 
iBore than two hundred thousand dollars at your disposal, to so adjust the appropria- 
tions as to leave two or three or even one per cent for the commencement of work 
at Bhamo. This, however, would only be necessary when special appeals for this 
object faiL 

"I beseech you to give this place your most favorable consideration. The Karen 
churches greatly need a foreign field of effort like this, but their missionaries should 
Have a leader ; and we greatly prefer that you should furnish that leader, rather than an 
undenominational society, though it has excellent features.^^ 

Extract from a late letter of Mr. Cushing's to Mr. Carpenter : — 

**My efforts to secure a Kah-chin teacher for Bogolay resulted in procuring a man 

rto understood Shan. Therefore New Yearns Day I sat down to dig out Kah-chin by 

the Shan, and translate it into Burmese for Bogolay. The process was more rapid 

than you would fancy at first I was sorry not to get a Kah-chin who understood Bur- 

IOesc, but I failed. There are plenty of them, however, and Bogolay will soon find 
one. Well, Bogolay and I wrought away last week, and we thought it best for him to 
avail himself of the first opportunity to go to the mountains. So I talked to the old 
Eah^fain man about it, and he seemed pleased. He said that he had heard how the 
Karens had receiveid books from the white teachers, and wished his people could have 
books. Mr. Stevenson had been to his village, and also talked with the man. We 
therefore made arrangements for Bogolay to go with the old man and his friends this 

igo Sixty-Third Annual Report. [July, 

morning. So about nine o'clock he started. He is a dear good fellow, has a brave 
Christian heart which many of his more educated and talented brethren might envy; 
I think he trembled a little within ; but he is the brave man, who goes uhere\i^ appre* 
ciates the danger. He left us with a smile, and all the blessing of my heart upon the 
first Bassein foreign missionary to the Kah-chins. He is to send me frequent letters, 
and arrange for my going to the mountains if he can. How long he will stay this time^ 
I do not know; but he will suit himself, and act according to his reception/' 

Extract from Rev. J. W. Stevenson's letter to Mr. Carpenter : — 

" I write now not only to thank you for your kind and brotherly letter, buf also to td' 
you of the joy and pleasure with which I hail the arrival of our beloved friends and 
fellow-laborers the Cushings and fhe Christian Karen. 

"I have been specially interested in the Kah-chins, and recently spent six weeki' 
visiting their villages, and living with them. They received us most cordially, and the- 
Mattin Tsau-bwa was delighted with the idea of establishing schools upon the hills. 

** It seems the right thing, and just as it should be, that the Christian Karens should 
commence mission work among the Kah-chins. I shall most gladly do all in my power 
to forward their wishes in thi$ direction. I have prepared a table of sounds, and a 
small vocabulary of their language. Speaking for the China Inland Mission, I may sav 
that we will be happy to resign our present interest in the Kah-chins to them, wift- 
the earnest prayer that God will soon crown their efforts with abundant success. 

" But, as I said to Mr. Cushing, if no one else took them up, we could not allow them 
any longer to be without the knowledge of that glorious gospel which is so precious 
to our own souls. It seems to me that your mission ought to have several mission- 
aries in Bhamo to work among Burmese, Shans, and Kah-chins, as the work property 
belongs to your mission. I sincerely pray that the Karens may take up the Kah-chin 
work right heartily." 


Tavoy. — No Burman missionary ; under care of Rev. H. Morrow, i church ; i native preacher ; i sduxtL 
Maulmain. — Rev. J. R. Haswell and wife, Mr. W. H. S. Hascall, Mrs. J. M. Haswell, Miss SusiB E.* 

Haswbll, Mrs. A. Estabrooks (Rev. A. Estabrooks pastor of the £nglish church), Miss Martha' 

Sheldon, Miss S. B. Barrows, Mrs. J. J. Longley in the United States. 3 churches \ 7 native preadiof ; 

3 of whom are ordained ; 1 1 schools. 
Rangoon. — Rev. £. A. Stevens and wife, Rev. A. T. Rose and wife, Rev. C. Bennett and wife, Miss A. R« - 

Gage, Mrs. M. C. Douglass, Mrs. W. H. Sloan, a churches; 11 native preachers ; 7 sdiools. 
Thongzai. — Mrs. M. B. Ingalls, Miss Kate F. Evans. 3 churches ; 4 native preachers ; 4 schools. 
Henthada. — Mrs. Rosa A. Bailey, Miss Emily H. Payne, Mrs. Crawley in this country. 4 churdiei; 4- 

native preachers: 6 schools. 
Zeegong. — Rev. William George and wife, Miss Helen £. Watson, i church; 3 native preachers ; } 

Prome. — In the United States, Rev. E.-0. Stevens and wife, Mrs. Lydla L. Simons. 4 churches; 7 natni 

preachers ; 5 schools ; Ki9 pupils. 
Bassein. — Rev. Melvin Jameson. 4 churches ; 4 native preachers. 
TouNGOo. — Rev. F. H. Eveleth and wife, Miss Elizabe ru Lawrence, i church; 2 native pzeachen; * 

Shwaygyeen. — Rev. H. W. Hale and wife, i church ; i native preacher ; i schooL 


Mr. Hascall, the lay evangelist, spent considerable time in the Tavoy district, and 
greatly endeared himself to the hearts of the people. He found the little Burmaa 
church holding on its way in spite of all difficulties. Mr. Morrow, who has recently 
assumed care of the station, writes of this church as follows : — 

" The little Burman church in town, only eight in number, is doing better than could 
be expected under the circumstances. They come up to worship with us twice ev«t 
sabbath ; although our languages are different, oui desires rise to the same God| 
and we enjoy the service. A Christian woman, Mah K'ho, died about a year ago^ 
leaving, besides the influence of a godly life, enough money to build a new^Burman 
chapel. It is now nearly completed, costing about two thousand rupees. Th^ is a 
fine opening for work among the Burmese ; if we had a good native preacher, iHhifllf 1 


7-] Mission to the Burmans. 191 

could find support for him here in town. But there seems no prospect of this want 
ng supplied. Surely a Christian school for the education of Burmese young men 
the ministry seems to be the want of our work among the Burmans." 


rhis station has been afflicted by the loss of two of its members, whose deaths are 
orded under the head of " Obituaries " in a preceding part of this Report, — Rev> 
nes M. Haswell, D.D., and Miss Myra H. Stetson. Rev. J. R. Haswell thus writes 
the work and ^he general condition of the station : — 

* There are present at the close of the year two missionaries and four assistant 
fiionaries, including Miss Martha Sheldon, who has just arrived in the country to 
\ Miss S. £. Haswell in the girls' school work. The health of the missionaries at 
close of the year is much better than during the first six months. For details we 
\ to refer to the personal quarterly reports recorded during the year. 
' Preachers. — The number of native preachers remains unchanged ; but old Ko 
ng Hmoo and Ko Oung Min of Amherst have been able to do but little. Ko Ta 
EGnarwet was discharged in September, on account of the failure of funds ; but 
>sequently the support of his son as a Talaing preacher was taken up by the Maul- 
in Barman church. Moung Kyau Allen was transferred from Beloo Gyoon to the 
ipoon division of Maulmain City in July. Including Mr. Hascall's personal assist- 
, Moung Yan Gin, there are now, with the three native pastors, seven native 
achers in the mission. Mr. La Chapelle remained with us until June, when he 
umed to Shwayeyeen. 

^Churches, — The English Baptist church having been given up to the care of its 
a pastor, there are now only the three native churches connected with this mission, 
e little handful of disciples at Amherst have remained steadfast in the midst of a 
:uliarly * crooked and perverse generation,* There have, however, been signs of feel- 
; among the heathen at Amherst the past year, which give us good hope that the 
rd has not yet withdrawn his Spirit from that hardened town. One of the members 
Amherst preceded to the better land his beloved * Talaing teacher Haswell ' but a 
r days. For many years both teacher and disciple made daily remembrance of 
:h other by name at the throne of grace. The church at Kmarwet, under pastor 
!uben, has continued to prosper : although but two — a man and woman — converts 
m heathenism have been added by baptism, the members have grown in grace. 
)st interesting meetings have been held, especially for the heathen, many times. 
1 several occasions pastor and flock have gone in a body to a neighboring village, 
ir miles away, spending a day each time, and holding ' regular meetings* in heathen 
uses, where people gathered to see and hear how and what Christians worshipped, 
le church in Maulmain, under pastor Ko Shwe A, does not yet give such signs of 
aval and spiritual life as could be wished ; yet many, especially among the women, 
ve evinced increased desire for the conversion of souls. Many meetings have been 
Id beside the regular appointments of the church. The latter are sabbath school 
d young men's meeting, and two services on the Lord's Day, weekly prayer-meeting, 
d young men's weekly meeting. Mr. Hascall has also had a sabbath school in the 
inewoonguin division. Seventeen converts have been baptized in connection with 
e Maulmain church during the year, two of whom are men and boys, and fifteen 
>inen and girls. Of these nine are converts from heathenism. Direct aggressive 
>rk among the heathen has been, as hitherto, one of our chief objects of labor. In 
etown a large number of meetings (since the ist of July to December, from three 
five weekly) have been held in different parts of the city, at which, in connection 
th usual services, the gospel has been preached sermon-wise by Mr. Haswell and 
hers. The former has been permitted to preach over one hundred sermons during 
e last half year. There have also been an unusual number of meetings for preach- 
g held at * houses of mourning,* with large congregations. Attendance at all the 
tetings has been good, and the behavior of the hearers encouraging. Good atten- 

192 Sixty-Third Anniutl Report. [July, 

tion has been given ; and, besides listening to sermons on the average near an hour 
long, favorable opportunities have been had for religious conversation and tract- 
distribution. There has also been a great deal of work done by Mr. Hascall and the 
native assistants, in house-to-house preaching, and tract-distribution in the city. la 
this latter work Mr. Haswell is unable to labor on account of total deafness. A 
number of jungle tours have been made by both missionaries accompanied by as^*, 
ant preachers. The prevalence of Talaing, and ignorance of Burmese among the 
people outside of the city has been a great drawback in this work. On the whole, tbi(- 
missionaries feel they have more reason than ever to * renew their strength,' and 
engage in their work with good hope for the 'times of refreshing* certain to foUov. 
faithful labor in the Lorcl. ^ 

** Schools. — The past year has been one of unprecedented prosperity in the schootfj 
work. The number of pupils in the 'boys' day school,* -under Dr. Shawloo, increasedf 
steadily from 202 on the roll at the beginning of the year, to 270 in September. Siac^ 
then there has been a slight falling-ofF, owing to the season of the year. The average 
actual //-f?/7K attendance for the l^t six months of the year is 211 pupils. Schoc^ 
tuition fees collected, Rs. 1,661.12. Amount paid by the American Baptist MissiomuT^ 
Union during the year for the support of th^ school, Rs. 1,130 only. The pupiu^ 
furnish their own books, stationery, &c., at their own cost." 

The out-station mixed schools at Kmarwet, Moodong, and Amherst have been in i^ 
prosperous condition through the year under the charge of their respective teacheri 
In August a couple of " Kmarwet girls " from Miss HasweU's boarding-school were. 
employed as assistant teachers. The number of pupils rapidly increased. The school* 
in Moodong was re-opened in January under the charge of Moung Htoke G'lay and 
wife, supported by Dr. Coles of Plainfield, N.J. The largest member of pupils in the, 
out-station schools was in September, viz., 132. Since then, owing to the haroesL 
there has been a falling-off. The Burman girls' boarding school and five ancillary girlsr ; 
day schools have been successfully maintained in the city throughout the year, an& 
have won the unstinted commendation of the government officials, by whom they art- 
regularly inspected. These schools are aided by government to the amount of Rs. 200' 
per month. The number of boarders at the close of the year is 93, the number 
day scholars over 160. Fifty-eight day scholars — girls — left school during the y 
able to read. A number of these entered the boarding-school. A boys' day schoof 
was re-opened in Dinewoonguin during July last, the teacher being allowed the use o£ 
the house and tuition fees for his services. The total number of pupils in the eleveft 
schools of the Maulmaii\ Burman mission on the 30th September amounted to 698, 
whom over 300 were girls. 

It may be a matter of interest to compare the statistics of Sept. 30, 1869, with th* 
of the same date in the present year. At the former period there were two churchi 
with 136 members, and 216 pupils in our mission-schools. At the latter there are thrcft 
churches with 207 members, and 698 pupils. Over $5,000 gold has been paid for the 
support of the gospel and mission-schools by the natives^ and over 150 have been bapr 
tized during the seven years. The disparity between the apparent increase of churdi, 
members and the additions by baptism is due almost solely to the fact that ours is att 
emigrating region, and our converts are scattered all over Burmah. This is true espe* 
cially of the men. At the last date there were but 50 men and boys resident memben 
out of 164 in the Maulmain church. Only 21 of these were heads of families, Lc^t 
married men. j 

The statistics are as follows : Missionaries, 2 ; assistant missionaries, 4 ; ordained^ 
pastors, 3 ; native preachers, 4; baptized, 17 ; excluded, 3 ; died, 5 ; present numbcTi- 
207 ; schools, 11; pupils, 650 ; religious contributions, over Rs. 600 ; school fees, &C, 
over Rs. 2,000. 


Rev. £. A. Stevens, D.D., and wife, reached Rangoon on the 27th of December last|'!l 
in good health, after a passage of forty-three days from Glasgow. 

\] Mission to the Burmans. 193 

r. Rose, who has had charge of the entire field in the absence of Dr. Stevens, 
ids its condition as affording unusual promise. The number of baptisms has been 
r than for many years ; and a large number who are regarded as hopeful are still 
ig for baptism. The people generally are more than ever ready to give the gospel 
idid hearing. " Some of the members of the Burmese church see and feel more 
before that they must not depend upon the foreign teacher, but go forward and do 
own work ; and they feel their work is not simply to exist, and be led by the white 
Lcr, but to look to Christ, and go forth and preach his gospel among their people." 
le of the native preachers is supported by the church. His name is Thah-done, 
lie is stationed in the old city of Pegu, fifty-five miles from Rangoon. The rail- 
from Rangoon to Toungoo is to pass through this town. " It is the centre of a 

and thrifty population, tl^^ere being hundreds of villages on the river above and 
V, and on the plain between Pegu and the sea, and the Sittoung River. 
The people are growing in intelligence, and education is becoming popular, and 
als are supported by &6 people. This town is from sixty to eighty miles from 
[[oon. In December Mrs. Bailey, Mrs. Douglass, and six of the fi^t-class school- 
. spent three days in Nyoung-dong, a large commercial town at the junction of the 
ing-dong River with the Irrawaddy. Mrs. Bailey seemed surprised and delighted 
id so many schools for girls. They visited two exclusively for girls, and one for 
girls and boys. This school is composed of forty girls and forty boys. It was 
ed four years ago, and has been continued without any Government or foreign 

Each pupil pays eight annas (twenty-five cents) per month, and they are all from 
>etter class of people. Mrs. Bailey and Mrs. Douglass, at the teacher's request, 
liiied the school. They praised it highly ; the girls and boys were well up in 
ing and writing, and in arithmetic through the compound rules. The man who 
ed this school, and has brought it to its present high position by his own energy 
has got his living from it all the while), was, a few years ago, a priest in Kemen- 
. I have seen nothing like this in Burmah which was purely the work of a native ; 
lool, the room clean and orderly, the pupils clean, well-behaved, and well taught. 
be teacher's request, we gave the pupils tracts and books, and preached to them 
s." Thah-dway, an able Burmese preacher, is stationed at this place ; but no 
tual fruit has yet been gathered. The report of Mr. Rose concludes as follows: — 
Kx Ma-za-lee, a pleasant village near midway from . Rangoon to Nyoung-doung, we 
it three nights. Here one young man has recently been baptizeci. His father, a 
ainent man in the place, professes to be a firm believer in Jesus Christ, and three 
Mir others with him. 

Many of the village people attended our meetings, and listened attentively, and we 
no signs of opposition. The reason given by the leading man for not offering 
self for baptism is, that he and others had built a kyoung^ and got a priest from Man- 
y, and had promised to support him. If he and the four or five others were bap- 
1, the priest would suffer ; but if they waited a while the priest might himself join 
Q, and become a Christian. He — the priest — is a gentle, amiable man, in delicate 
1th ; and all the people love him. He received us cordially, and listened to us 
lly. Mrs. Bailey and Mrs. Douglass were treated very politely by him. 
I hope for something good from this village, but may be disappointed. Moung 
ilKlway is an able preacher, but left to himself I fear the hardness and opposi- 
of the people are too much ior his energy, and that he does not give himself to 
work of preaching as we want to see our preachers do. His wife has a little 
X>1, but it does not amount to much. She is a talented woman, but has a large 
ily to care for, and cannot give much labor to the school. 

I should mention that in the region where Kya-zau-00 labors, some twelve or 
en have been baptized ; some are Burmans, and some Pwo Karens. I mention 

not as coming properly under the Burmese mission, but as a matter of encour- 
nent after three years of hard labor. I spent a week in that neighborhood in 
ember last, and was convinced that the young man is a most earnest and persistent 
cher both to Burmans and Elarens. 

194 Sixty-Third Annual Report, LJulji 

" I may mention, too, that I have recently been north twenty-five miles to Thai-bjme 
two men having been accepted from that place for baptism in March last, i 
expected to baptize them. I was sorry to find that one of these died a month before 
and the other was very ill of fever. It was a time of great sickness and affliction h 
the large village and country around. Not a house in the village, it was said, when 
there was not one or more sick, and in many houses there was not one well persoa 
There were deaths every day. The distress was great I saw many mere skeletons^ 
not only of men, but of women, boys, and girls, reaping or trying to reap the paddjs 
Ko Ai, a faithful Burman Christian in that region, is doing a good work by imparting 
knowledge and showing kindness and sympathy. I 

" I see in looking over my notes that I was absent in my journey to Northern Bur^ 
mah, Karennee, &c., 170 days ; but 22 days of that time.belonged to the previous year, 
leaving 148 days to the year under report. I find also that I have made eleven trips i« 
ray home field, one 30 days, one 23, the others varying from 5 to 9 days, making in al: 
113 days from February to the end of September last, and making a total«of 261 day^ 
for the time spent in travel during the year ending Sept. 30, 1876. I could not worfc 
in two places at the same time. Much may have been left undone at or near home j 
and it may be I have been too much in thtfield, and riot enough in the Unt "^ 

" Of my eleven trips in the Rangoon District I need not speak : it would only to 
about the same thing over. I have felt deeply and suffered much from the fact thai 
it has been so difficult, often impossible, to get a native preacher to go with me. If f 
am laid aside from preaching, as I fear I shall be, it will be largely owing to the fad 
that for three years I have done double talking and double drudgery in my ^jungW 
work, because among eight or ten native preachers I could not have even one to go 
with me. Hereafter I shall have nothing to do with native preachers who are able td 
go and yet will not go. ^ 

" With regard to the English Baptist church, the past year has been one of trial : if 
has suffered for the want of steady, judicious management. I have never known itf 
morale at a lower point than six or eight months ago. Meanwhile the congregation 
has continued fair, and is now very good. And their contributions I regard as v< 
liberal for their means, being about Rs. 2,500 in all, and only about Rs. 600 of this fc 
incidental expenses, the rest going to aid mission-work in Burmah. If the right m\ 
could be sent to us for this work, an efficient and self-supporting church could M 
raised up, which would give tone to our mission. People in Rangoon and elsewheii 
take an impression of our mission from the Rangoon Baptist church. ) 

" I have no reason to' hope that I shall ever be able in any one year to endure thl 
amount of travel and hard, rough labor that I performed last year. Two hundred ani 
sixty-one days of jungle travel in Burmah, in one year, with the close economy we are 
obliged to practise, means a good deal. I believe it will not all be in vain." ! 

Churches, 2 ; baptized, 34; excluded, 3 ; died, 2 ; present number, 381 ; ordainel 
preacher, i ; unordained, 10 ; contributions, Rs. 661 ; boarding-school i, with 95 pupils J 

day-schools 6, with 154 pupils ; conversions in boarding-school, 12. - 




This station suffered a great calamity early in the year, and the missionaries irrcp^ 
arable loss. On the night of the 12th of March, l%^6y the torch of the incendiaff 
was applied in the mission-compound ; and soon nothing was left but a few clothes, a Xw 
tie furniture, and the chapel. During the sabbath-evening service flames burst from thi 
roof of the dormitory of the boys' school ; and though there were water-jars on the rod 
of the mission-house, and the schoolboys were also soon there, the roof soon cauglili 
The progress of the fire was so rapid that little was saved from the house. Two oSiel 
dwellings and all the out-buildings except the cook-house caught fire ; and from thes« 
buildings the flames swept on, and destroyed five other large dwellings, and the bazaaf, 
and the zayat bookstall. The destruction was nearlv total, the chapel being almoil 
the only place the missionaries had left in which to live. Mrs. Ingalls was absent a 

Mission to the Burmafis. 195 

le of the fire. She was informed of the calamity, and hastened to her home made 
Le, and her blighted harvests. She gives this picture of her desolation : — 
s had a home for ourselves and the people ; and we had suitable books and 
tus ioT our schools and work, and many comforts, and stores, &c., for nearly a 

Our work here was interesting, and the jungle-work to the north more tlian it 
tr been. The seed of other years is just bursting forth : the people seem gener- 
ill prepared for this salvation. As the work was arranged, Miss Evans was able 
y on the three schools, and superintend various kinds of work ; so I had left her 
s preachers with great ease and satisfaction. I had a faithful band of workers 
e, and hoped to be absent till the heavy rains. But our work is all changed now. 
hool is closed : we are all homeless^ and in need.** 

te\i after the fire, there were tokens of tlie divine favor in the midst of trial, 
tigalls continues her narrative on this wise : " The Christians met with us in our 

yesterday. It was a crowded and confused-looking congregation, here in the 
)f our relics, and broken and half-burnt things ; but two came forward for bap- 
nd a half-dozen others were ready if our committee would have allowed them 
e before the church. We received a Shan man who had been excluded from 
r church, and was recommended to us. One of our preachers gave a report of 
>, and the history of the five persons baptized ; and so, amidst the confused- 
r place, and sorrow for the losses, we had a sabbath day of praise to our God. 
i several more applicants for baptism while we were out on our trip ; and I think 
r as many as one hundred men who renounced idols, and most of these believe 
eternal God, and half understand the way of salvation through Christ." 
onth later Mrs. Ingalls wrote that she had sent off some of the pupils, gradu- 
>me for teachers, and used the little cook-house saved from the fire for one 

and crowded others into houses at a little distance, matted off quarters for 
^vans and herself, and also for the boarding-school girls, in the four corners of 
ipel, put two hundred rupees and the work of the preachers and teachers into 

schoolhouse, re-opened the school and the week-day religious meetings. The 
pastor and his assistants have started to complete the tour which the tidings of 
5 interrupted, and report a great number who have renounced idols, and believe 
lirist is the Saviour of sinners, and pray to the Lord that made the heavens and 
rth. Only a few were baptized, however, at that time, five in one place, and 
another, while in Thongzai four were baptized and several others waiting, three 
• Shans among the number. So while the distressed missionaries were downcast 
r of their losses and the hampered condition of the work, there was still rejoicing 
r tabernacle. 

ther month goes by, and the conveniences which have been so hastily and 
lly arranged prove more and more to be very inconvenient. Taking the chapel 

in compelled the building of a schoolhouse : this was found to be too small ; it 
ilarged, and was still too small. Students were therefore dismissed, some sent 
le jungle to teach, and some married. No house, no dormitories, no books, no 
-furniture or apparatus, no boats, and nothing but naked and empty hands to 
the work again. " We have troubles of various kinds this year," writes Mrs. 
>, " which interrupt us so, that I am much cast down." One of these new troubles 
\ order from the government to roof all buildings with bamboo or tiles within 
days ; but the people were forbidden to cut bamboo at that season, and there was 
:ile in the place. They had no money to pay the penalty of a failure to comply, 
ce to go to, and no means of resisting the order. " Troubles of various kinds 
;ar," and no help but to pray to God, and petition the higher authorities of 
iment to dispense them from the order, and allow them to live among the ashes 
r former home ; and this was at last permitted. 

> months more pass away, and it is time to hear from home and the Executive 
ittee. The tried missionaries have all the while been thinking that the earliest 
¥ould bring them abundant sympathy, as well as the means to build up their 
lions. But the Committee were hampered with debt, and thought there were 

196 Sixty-Third Annual Report, [Julj 

people all over the land who would send the funds for rebuilding as soon as they knc! 
of the ruin, and for the time contented themselves with proclaiming the sad tidings. By 
the people were filled with their own losses and poverty. Many tried friends of othc 
years were gone beyond the reach of human cries, and a larger ^number were uttei| 
crushed in their fortunes, and some were strangely silent. What could such suspenai 
and delay mean ? " Troubles of various kinds this year," truly. 

Meantime missionaries in Rangoon, Maulmain, Henthada, and Toungoo sent sym^ 
pathizing and cheering messages, and food and clothing, and various articles of press* 
ing need. Then friends in England cared for the sufEerers. But all this time, 
the sisters of Bethany, the missionaries waited for a voice and word from b^i 
the sea. They were not forgotten : it was only an inadvertent delay. The Commit 
thought they were sending relief as soon as it could be made available, not knoi 
that the rainy season was the only time when building-material could be pn 
But the help has been sent ; many friends have contributed their offerings, and 
have been going forward. The new buildings have ere this been completed, and 
much-tried sisters are restored to comparative comfort But it was a year of troubl 
on every side. 

But it was a year of blessings ; for all through this time of material loss and sorti 
heart-trials the Lord did not forget to be gracious. In November the pastor of 
Thongzai church returned from another trip, and reported the baptism of five Bi 
and a large number of candidates in the region from which Mrs. Ingalls was 
by the fire. They do not understand our sabbath, and why they may not woiic 
please themselves on that day as well as on others ; and so they are required^to 
for more light. But the crowning trophy of the year was a Buddhist priest, who soocj 
time since renounced his former religion. He was baptized on the 24th of Decern^ 
ber last. He had been a priest more than twenty years, was learned in the BAcro| 
Pali language, and was held in high estimation by the people. The effect of his com 
version has been to lead many of his former disciples to distrust their religion, and tli| 
spirit of inquiry is thoroughly aroused. If we count correctiy, the baptisms up to Dcfti 
31, 1876, were 19. The statistics appended were reported to the Convention ii 
October : Baptized, 14; died, 6 ; excluded, 3 ; present number, 244. There are | 
schools, 200 pupils. A year of troubles and a year of blessings. - 



Mr. Crawley and family left Henthada early in August last, in the hope that 
change might prolong his life. But, as already recorded, he fell a victim to disea 
before he reached his native shores. With the exception of such oversight as Ml 
George was able to exercise over the station, and the charge of the girls' school " 
Miss H. E. Watson, it was vacant till the arrival of Mrs. Bailey in November 
Miss Payne joined the mission the first day of the new year, and has already 
hold of the work to which she has devoted her life. Mrs. Bailey finds the work 
engaging as ever, though she has suffered much from her old enemy, fever. We 
not do better than to give Mrs. Bailey's method of work in her own words, with 
details as presented in a picture from life. She says : " I go down in the morning 
the prayer-meeting, and give the preachers one of Spurgeon's sermons, which I Xx^vA 
late for them into Burmese, and they preach it to the heathen in the evening. I caa^ 
not always find a sermon that I think adapted to the wants of the heathen, and nt 
spend the hour in prayer and study of the Bible. In the evening I take the school-girb; 
and go to some open space in the city, and sit down on the ground and sing ; soon % 
crowd gathers around us, then the native preachers take turns in preaching. Thft 
people have given very good attention, and we have generally had large crowds. We 
have had eight of these meetings. While the moon was bright we could see the faces 
of our hearers, and could see that they were interested ; but soon it was too dark to see 
even how many we had. We feared we would have to give up the meetings after dil 
jnoonlight nights were over; but the interest was such that we decided to keep then 

7-] Mission to the Burmans. 197 

Even though it was dark. We met near a pagoda, and had the best company we 
5 yet had. This I know, because they sat quietly through the whole ( £ the preach- 
which was unusually long ; and, when the preachers stopped, the hea iien began to 
questions. I always encourage this among the natives ; for, if they ask questions, 
ows they are interested. The preacher did not stop to answer the question, but 
in to announce a hymn to be sung. I told him to answer the man. He did so, 
there was quite a discussion, which was continued later than usual. 
[>ne afternoon I went out to a neighbor's house to talk to a man and his wife ; soon 
mpany of neighbors came in, and I had quite an audience. It was in the middle 
le day, when the natives are too lazy to work. The people were all very much 
"ested in what I said. One man came in who seemed to understand our religion 
well. He asked me if I could give him proof that if we believed in Christ we 
d be saved. I told him, yes, I could from God's word, but that would not be 
^nce to him unless he believed in God, and in Christ as his Son. He said he did 
ive that. I said, * Very well, I will come to-morrow, and show you by our Bible that 
listing in Christ you can have rest and pardon and peace.' They all joined in the 
est for me to come and read to them from the Bible. < 

Fhe next day was Saturday, and we had a general house-cleaning time at the school : 
loors, tables, and benches were all to be scrubbed, bedding aired, jackets washed. 
Is washed, and yard swept up. It was hard work, but many hands made it light ; 
the cheerful singing chimed in above the rubbing, scrubbing, and sweeping. I 
t say I have never seen more industrious girls anywhere. They do all the work of 
' own house, which includes cooking, weaving, and washing, besides carrying water 
>ur cook-house and bath-rooms. 

After I got through with the school work, we had the covenant meeting. It was a 
11 meeting but a long one, because we took some time to discuss the best way to 
the church to work ; for just now the majority of the church-members are in a 
sleepy state. 

When I said that to the pastor he replied, * If that were all, if they were only 
ep^ we might waken them ; but, if there is no life in them, it is very hard for us.' 
Yes, but we must hope there is life in them yet.' 

After the covenant meeting was over, I took my Bible, and went to see the people I 
aised to meet When they saw me coming they began to collect, and soon I had 
or a dozen people to talk to. 

The old man who asked for the evidence was the first one there ; and I read to him 
text, * Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you 
/ and several other texts in which eternal life is promised to all who believe in 
ist * Is this the evidence you have ? * — * Yes,' I said : * what more do you want 
1 God's word ? and these are the words of Christ whicji I read you from his book.' — 
ly,' he said, * I want some tangible proof.' — * This is tangible. Suppose when the 
gatherer comes for yeur tax, you should say, " It is not enough that you show me 
written law : I will not believe that the commissioner has issued any order for me 
ay tax unless I see him write it with his own hand." If you refuse to pay your tax 
that ground, you would very soon find yourself in prison.' — * Yes,* he said ; * but 
ne might be a false commissioner who might issue an order, and I might pay tax to 
wrong one.' — * Ah 1 but that is not the point we are discussing : yesterday you 
I you believed in the eternal God, and asked me for his testimony regarding sal- 

lie statistics of the Henthada station are as follows : Baptized, 20 ; died, i ; re* 
ed, 2 ; excluded, 9 ; present number, 254 ; pupils, 192. 


his is the new station announced in the Report of last year. The place is the 
tre of a rich district, rapidly increasing in population, called Koomyaa. Soon a 
x>ad now in process of construction will place the station in daily communication 

198 Sixty- Third Annual Report. [Jul; 

with Rangoon. A small mission-house has been erected, also a schoolhouse and oth( 
necessary buildings, and the station has a fixed place among our missions. 

It will be remembered that a large number, more than one hundred, were baptize 
in this region in 1875 ; and on the 8th of February, 1876, Mr. George states that onl 
two had been excluded, and three others admonished. It is doubtful if our America 
revivals would not show a larger percentage of defections the first year. At the sam 
time Mr. George could see no signs of the decline of the work, but every indicatia 
that it was moving on. Later in the year, however, there were indications of a fallin 
away ; so that though a large number were baptized during the last year, the total nun 
ber of members did not materially increase. No doubt many went astray for lack c 
instruction and pastoral care. The weakness of the Burman work was never mor 
apparent than in the absence of properly trained preachers, to be the leaders of thei 
people. There is no school in Burmah where Burmese preachers can be properlj 
trained for their work. When converts come in one or two at a time, and can be kepi 
under the eye of the missionary, they are generally stable. But in this case over a 
hundred were gathered within a few months, many of them living in scattered villages^ 
and beyond the reach of experienced teachers. Later still, and near the close of 1876^ 
Mr. George speaks of improved prospects. He says, " I know of about forty men, 
some of them influential, who are examining the claims of Christianity. Manyof 
them will ultimately become Christians. The common people hear with attention, and 
are being saved daily." He adds, " God has been preparing the Burmans for a great 
work for the last half century, — for a great work that is now at hand. We need more 
men called of God to preach the gospel, to visit the people in their homes, and take 
them by the hand and lead them to the Saviour." 

In a recent letter, Mr. George refers to his action in reference to schools : — 

" I have done something to aid the children : I have started two schools, which were 
going all last rains, and are now in operation. The natives built the schoolhouse^ 
and they are all awake to the advantages of a good education. It seems to me ini" 
perative, that we do something more in that line, and do it at once. The Roman 
Catholics never would have got into Thongzai if we had had a good, eflficient school 
there. The Ritualists could not have got the place they now hold in Henthada H 
proper attention had been given to school-work. After these mistakes, we shall be 
doubly guilty if we do not learn how to protect ourselves from invasion. The time 
has come when Burmans will pay what they can for the education of their children, 
and allow Christianity to be taught in the bargain. It is only wise for us to have qui 
disciples' children taught in schools under our own direction. 

" As but few of our people can attend the Association, we have a district meeting 
two or three times a year to give the disciples a chance to get acquainted, to compare 
ideas, and impart strength to each other. Our last meeting was on Thursday, Feb. 15. 
About sixty were present. The morning was spent in receiving the Christians, and 
giving them a good breakfast. At twelve o'clock. Rev. J. R. Haswell preached a good 
strong sermon ; after which a few hours were spent in singing, talking over the work, 
and having just as good a time as white Christians have. Many had walked six, eight, 
or even ten miles : so we had an early dinner, and most of them returned to ^cfa 

" My great trouble is to provide pastoral care for these converts. Of the many whc 
went or are going astray, most go for want of some one to guide them. What am I tc 
do ? I go from village to village all I can ; but a visit of a few days is of little impor 
tance except to the stronger ones. I am afraid to baptize converts, and afraid t( 
refuse. Oh that God will send me men, true pastors called by himself to feed thesi 
new-born babes with the sincere milk of the word ! " 

On the 8th of October last a church was organized at Zeegong, consisting of fort} 
two constituent members. Deacons were duly appointed ; and an interesting youn 
man was baptized. A congregation of over eighty were present, twenty of whom wei 
heathen. There is urgent need of a chapel, as Mr. George's house is too small ^ 
accommodate the numbers that attend service. 

l877-] Mission to the Burmans. 199 

We have no statistics of the new station. Possibly they are includ d in those of 


I^ Chapelle has returned to this place, and resumed his work. Mr. Hale has been 
obliged to divide his time somewhat between the Burman and the Karen work, and 
has done all he could to awaken an interest among the sluggish and conceited people 
for whom he labors. The apparently interested seekers that came to him soon after 
his arrival in Shwaygyeen have turned away. Mr. Hale has a promising helper in a 
fOOD^ man baptized in Rangoon in February last year. He is acting as Mr. Hale's 
pondit, and is eager to learn the Scriptures. There are a few who give evidence of a 
sincere desire to know the truth and follow it. Mr. Hale says : — 

" I am sorry to say that I have no baptisms to report. We have services when 
ttere are any who come to listen. There are four professed inquirers, two of whom 
life at some distance, one of the others I have very little confidence in, and the other 
is frequently absent on account of sickness ; I trust he is a converted man. The two 
Barman Christians who were here for a while last year have left the place. Moung 
Siway-Ah, of whom we hoped so much, and of whose fall I wrote you, has gone beyond 
my reach : I have not been able to learn any thing about him for a number of months. 
I am not without some hope that he may yet return to the Lord. 

" My touring has been in company with Mr. Eveleth, of which he will doubtless 
write you. I found a few inquirers on the river, and the people were glad to receive 
oar tracts." 


Mr. and Mrs. Stevens are still detained in this country, and the churches and pas- 
tors have been left for the most part to themselves. We have no definite intelligence 
from the station. The house and compound owned and occupied by Rev. Thomas 
Simons has, by the kindness of Mrs. Simons and the heirs of Mr. Simons, been secured 
to the Missionary Union for the use of the mission. It was the intention of Mr. 
Simons, often expressed, to leave the property for the use of the mission ; but death 
overtook him before he had executed the necessary writings. His wife and children 
have in the most honorable and generous manner carried out his intentions. 

The statistics for the year covered by the Burmah Convention are : Baptisms, 23 ; 
restored, 5 ; died, 9 ; excluded, 2 ; present number, 225. 


Mr. Jameson has suffered much during the year from poor health. He has labored, 
however, with his usual industry, though the blessing is apparently withheld. He made 
the following report to the last meeting of the Burmah Convention : — 

"^ During the year something more than a hundred days have been spent in the 
jungle by the missionary. It has not been necessary, however, to go to the jungle to 
find hearers. In the city itself there are thousands of Burmans needing to be 
preached to ; and on many days the attempt has been made to reach some of them. 
Only two baptisms are reported for the year, — one in the city, and one in the jun- 
pt. The large number of exclusions reported must not be thought to indicate a fall- 
ing-away to the same extent during the year. It is rather the result of a revision of 
the lists of members, for some time delayed. 

"Statistics: Baptized, 2 ; excluded, 18; died, 2 ; whole number, 76." 


Mr. Eveleth gives the following account of his last year's labor and experience :^ 
** In looking over the past twelve months* labor, we regret that we have done no 
more for the Master ; but we rejoice that he has not forsaken us. As a result of the 
Holy Spirit's influence, seven persons have been added to our number by baptism 

2CX) Sixly-Third Annual Report. U"'y 

(two of these were Shans), and others we think will ere long come out and profesa 
Christ before the world. 

" The work in the city, in the market-places, in private houses, among the boatmen, 
and meetings in the street, has far exceeded that of the two years previous. We 
have also visited 140 villages this dry season. 

" In the villages previously visited by us, we were again kindly received, and are 
glad to note a growth in the knowledge of the religion of Christ, which is very appar- 
ent. The people are gradually becoming familiar with our books ; and in proportion 
as their knowledge of Christ increases, does his teaching find favor among them. 
• " In one of our trips we found a priest who lives among the silk-growing Burmans 
in the jungle to the north-west of Toungoo. He said that the people where he !'ved 
are greatly pleased with our religion, and when they got one of our little books tney 
regarded it as a treasure. He urged us to come and visit them. We accepted the 
invitation, and are much pleased with what we saw. 

" Among twenty villages we found but a single kyoung^ and this contained but a single 
priest Only a small proportion of these Burmans attend the regular feasts, or pay anjf 
attention to their worship days ; and many of them are convinced that Gautama's reli- 
gion can do nothing for them. 

" We held a regular service on every evening, while we were travelling among them, 
which was well attended. In some of the small villages, where we could stop but an 
hour or two, they urged us to pass the night with them and preach to them. 

" In one of the villages one man asked for baptism, and in another three asked to be 
baptized. These men had all attended services a few times in the city. In the last- 
named village (Gubanee), the people are anxious to have a zayat or chapel built, and 
have services as often as possible. They have come to us several times about this 
matter, and on the last occasion agreed to see the little chapel ready for use, if we 
would assist them to the extent of Rs. 10, which we shall probably do at our next 
church meeting. I hope we shall soon find a man to send out to work among these 
oeople. I believe the Lord has some chosen ones among them. 

" Our sabbath school, in which we gathered Burmans, Shans, and Tamils, and where 
all are taught the Scriptures in their own language, I believe is a source of good to 
both Christians and heathen. 

" Other services in Shan and Burman have been kept up as usual, and a larger num- 
ber of strangers come in to listen than formerly. 

" Mrs. Eveleth's girls' school, take the year altogether, has done well. The small- 
pox has interfered with the school of late, and now the girls are having their annual 
vacation. As Mr. and Mrs. Crumb prefer to live in the house with Mr. Bunker, and 
as Miss Lawrence is going to live in one of the other mission families, the house for- 
merly occupied by her is vacant Thinking it wiser to expend money for repairs 
than for rent, we have decided to put the house in repair. We found it in a wretched 
condition ; and it will cost, I think, not less than Rs. 400 to make it ht to live in. But 
this amount, or even more, is cheaper than to hire at Rs. 45 or 50 per month, as wc 
should otherwise have to do. 

" Brother Hale was with us during a part of the cold season, and was a great help tc 
me on several jungle trips. 

Statistics : Baptized during the year, 7 ; added by letter, 2 ; dismissed, i ; died, i 
present number, 33 ; unordained preachers, 2 ; contributions, about Rs. 160; Sundaj 
schools, I ; teachers, 6 ; scholars, 55 ; schools, 2 ; scholars, 20. 


Toungoo. — Rer. J. N. Gushing and vrife; native preachers and disciples included in the Burmese chmdi 

in Toungoo. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gushing reached Burmah in November, and immediately commence 
preparations for ascending the river to Bhamo. After they left Rangoon they wer 

877-] Mission to the Shans. 201 

etained at Mandelay three weeks for the royal order without which they would not 
e permitted to reside in Upper Burmah. It was the understanding that a thorough 
Dvestigation should be m^de in respect to the races dwelling in Bhamo, and that it 
hould be determined whether that city is a favorable point for a Shan station. In 
he event of an affirmative decision Mr. Gushing proposed to remain in Bhamo till a 
tew man could be sent out to relieve him at this point, while Mrs. Gushing would return 
D Toungoo, an<! look after the interests of the work there. Having become satisfied 
hat Bhamo is an important Shan centre, the above-mentioned plan has been carried 
•at; and Mrs. Gushing is in Toungoo, while Mr. Gushing is in Bhamo laying the 
oundations of a station at that place. The importance of the place and its relation 
othe great Shan centres are thus illustrated by Mr. Gushing : — 

"I have wanted for some time to draw your attention to the Shan country, and point 
lut the stations absolutely necessary to be occupied if the Shan mission is to be 
innly established in the Shan states. Do not think me premature in calling your 
ittention to this matter ; for if it lies clearly in your mind, you will be better able to 
lelp forward the future occupation of the Shan states. In the midst of all my disap- 
wintments, I still have the forlorn hope that the Shan mission will at last be taken 
lold of by the Gommittee with vigor, as one method of their aggression on ' the 
regions beyond.' 

**If you will take the map of Eastern Bengal, Burmah, and parts of Ghina and 
Slam, and will find Bhamo, Mon^, Legga, Theebo, and Kiangtung, you will have the 
iJiief centres of population for the Shan states. I have visited every place mentioned, 
and know that they are important points whence large populations of pure Shans can 
be reached. The Shan work, once vigorously taken hold of, will yield a grand return. 

^ I. Bhamo is the first of these stations which should be taken possession of : you 
already have my reasons for this. I will only call your attention to some of the many 
Shan districts accessible from it by trips of from three to seven days. Beginning on the 
Qorth-west is Mogoung ; coming eastward are the states of Sanaa, Mynela, Manwyne, 
Hotha, Myne-kwan, Sehfan, M3me Mow, and Monuit Although in the principalities 
bordering on Ghina, or rather within the Ghinese border, the dialectic differences are 
greater than in any other part of the Shan states, they are such as a missionary with 
a good knowledge of the Shan could overcome without difficulty. Bhamo with its 
inoothly steam communication with Rangoon, and the presence of a political resident, 
is open for evangelistic work, and must be occupied now. Don't fail the Shan mission 
this year, and send a man here. 

"2. Mond This is the city which I used to visit every other dry season. From it 
a missionary would have access to all the extensive region lying north of Karennee, 
and between the Burman plain and the Salwen, containing many principalities. Our 
[^xt move should be to this place. After Bhamo is supplied, could not a man come 
out and stay with me a twelvemonth studying the language, and then go to Mond ? 
Could not such a man come another year? 

^3* Legg^ ^s as important as Mon^, and is a point whence as large a Shan popula- 
tion belonging to various principalities could be reached. 

"4. From Theebo there is access to Thongzai, Toungbaip, and Theinnee, the largest 
b extent of the Shan principalities, although not the most populous. In all the 
provinces accessible from Mond, Legga, and Theinnee, there are scarcely any dialectic 
liifferences of language. 

"5. Kiangtung, lying east of the Salwen, is a most important centre of influeiyce. 
There are some dialectic differences due to Laos influence, but. they are of no great 
bportance. The people are as fine specimens of the Shan race as I ever saw. 
Prince and people gave us a cordial welcome during the ten days we remained there. 
Is it too much to plan for, that during the next ten years all these places shall be 
occupied by men not afraid of trusting God and going ahead discreetly ? Just as soon 
as the New Testament is done, and a good slice of the Old Testament, I am ready to 
go anywhere into the interior. I would go anywhere now, were it not that I am con- 
^'inced that it would be a sin to delay the translation of Holy Scriptures longer. In 

202 Sixty-Third Annual Repoft. 

naming over these places I have only one desire, and that is that you will stud 
Shan field, and co-operate in bringing about its occupation as speedily as possibl 
have no doubt that with the death of the king, now sixty-three years of age, th< 
hinderance to evangelistic labors in Upper Burmah will be swept away by the Ei 
Government. Let us be in occupation of the field as far as possible, and read 
any change in affairs to take advantage of them." ^ 


Tavoy. — Rev. HoUATio Morrow and wife. 21 churches ; 17 native preachers, 5 of whom are ordained. 
Maulmain. — Rev. B. P. Cross and wife, Miss S. J. Higdy, Rev. S. B. Rand and wife in the 

States. 15 churches ; 16 native preachers, of whom 7 are ordained ; 16 schools ; pupils, 407. 
Rangoon (^^am). — Rev. I. D. Coldurn; Rev. T. B. Vinton andwife^ and Nirs. Colburn, in the 

States. 74 cnurches ; native preachers, 64, of wnom 4 are ordained ; pupds in schools, 917. 
Rangoon (Pwo). — Rev. D. L. Brayton and wife. 14 churches, 8 native preachers, 7 schools, 12^ pupils 
Shwaygyeen. Kah Cher, a native preacher. Rev. Norman Harris and wife in the United Sta 

churches, 13 native preachers, 13 schools, 208 pupils. 
TouNGOO {Paku), — Rev. £. B. Cross, D.D. ana wife. 60 churches ; 35 native preachers, 5 of whom are or< 

122 girls and 256 boys in school. 
TouNGOO {Bghai). — Rev. A. Bunker and wife. Rev. A. V. Crumb and wife. Miss H. N. Eastma 

churches, 32 native preachers, 36 schools ; pupils, 470. 
Hbnthada. — Mrs. C. B. Thomas. 50 churches, -^9 native preachers. 
Bassein {Sgau), — Rev. C. H. Carpenter and wite, Miss Belle Watson, Miss M. C. Manning, Miss 

Walling. Churches, 85; native preachers, 114, of whom 24 are ordained ; schools, 56; pupils, 1,743. 
Bassein (Pwo), — Rev. S. T. Goodell and wife, Miss C. H. Rand. Churches, 17; native preachers 

whom 7 are ordained ; boarding-school pupils, no ; day-schools, 13 ; pupils in do., 259. 


The churches in Tavoy and Mergui have long been suffering for a mission; 
labor among them. Early in the last year, Mr. Hascall visited the district, and 
quite a sojourn among the people. He found the churches in two or three vil 
preparing to build new chapels ; and some of the members of the churches are m 
for their Christian qualities. The number of the heathen Karens is increasing i 
district. They seem to be coming over the border from Siam in large numbers 
many places he heard of quite an awakening among these people. Within two 
two heathen villages have erected chapels and called for teachers. In some p 
young men from the town school have been laboring ; and the fruit has been 
But the Christians were disheartened, and needed a missionary to go among the 
teach them, if nothing more, not to depend on man, even though a missionary, 
representations were so strong from this quarter, of the need of a missionary, thj 
committee last autumn sent Rev, H. Morrow and wife to reside in Tavoy. 
Morrow reached the field early in January, and gives the following account c 
state of the churches : — 

" The association held its meeting in January, in a village near Mergui ; and 
returning delegates I have got the statistics of the churches, which I enclose, 
will see that there has been a falling-off in the number of members. This has 
owing in part, no doubt, to the absence of any missionary to help on the work 
also to the small number of ordained pastors in the district, to baptize those 
become Christians. There are only five ; and the distances the churches are j 
and the difficulties of travelling, make exchanging almost impossible. A good 
have been converted during the past years, who have not been admitted t( 
churches. Some preachers are reported as a little negligent of duty, which can 
ably be remedied by a. little advice and help. 

" At the association, it was agreed to hold a meeting here in Tavoy, in May, tc 
suit with each other and the missionary in reference to these difficulties. I d 
know that the churches will delegate to this proposed conference the power to 
their pastors ; but it seems to me that something should be done in this directior 

" If men have shown themselves approved, there is no necessity for delaying sc 
their ordination. Some churches have not had the Lord's Supper for a year ; : 
no doubt, much longer. We shall act as wisely as we can in this matter. 

^^77'] Mission to the Karens. 203 

"Our mission buildings are in a very wretched condition. With the exception of a 
new dormitory for boys, wnich the Karen Christians built last year, the buil.dings are 
very poor indeed. The mission-house, which is a very old building, has been almost 
devoured by white ants. The school-building is also in ruins. The roof has fallen in, 
so that not only will it have to be thatched in order to be habitable during the rains, 
but it will need an almost entirely new roof. At the late association, a motion was 
made to build a new schoolhouse. This I hope to see accomplished next year. At 
the close of the school, or before if we can do without him, the Karen teacher must go 
among the churches to get aid for this work. The following year they must build a 
dormitory for girls, while we must get a new mission-house as best we can. In the 
mean time, we shall expend as little as possible in repairs, as the buildings are not 
worth saving. 

"We are enjoying excellent health, and do not feel the heat oppressive. We can 
work every day and all day without difficulty." 

Statistics for 1876: Churches, 21; preachers, 17 (ordained, 5; unordained, 12); 
baptized, 48; received by letter, 12; dismissed, 2; excluded, 22; suspended, 10 ; 
restored, 8 ; died, 17 ; present membership, 865 ; children in schools, 168. 

Moneys raised for all purposes in the churches : missions, Rs. 237 ; salaries of 
preachers, Rs. 244 ; baskets of paddy given to preachers, Rs. 50 per one hundred 
baskets, Rs. 505 \ contributed to support of school in Tavoy, Rs. 24 ; Convention, Rs. 
55. Total, Rs. 560 ; value of paddy, Rs. 250 ; total, Rs. 8x0. 


This station was greatly assisted by Mr. Hascall after Mr. Rand left, and his labors 
among the people were blessed. Miss Higby reached the field about midsummer, and 
began her work in the school and among the people. In the month of September 
last Rev. B. P. Cross was, at his own request, transferred to this station ; though at 
the latest advices he had not joined it, but was sojourning at Amherst in very feeble 
health. Mr. Rand remains in this country without any very marked improvement, 
and it is uncertain when he will be able to return to his work. Meantime Mr. Hascall 
has done all that he could to aid Miss Higby, and to direct the native helpers. We 
have no news from the station relating to its state and progress during the year, 
except what Mr. Hascall has kindly forwarded. 

Notwithstanding the comparatively disorganized state of the station, the year has 
been crowned by good results. The number of baptisms reported was larger than in 
many previous years, and a wholesome spirit is represented as pervading the churches. 
There is much regret on account of the absence of teacher Rand, and many prayers 
are offered for his recovery. The statistics for the year were, baptisms, 66 ; restored, 
3; died, 14; excluded, 17; present number, 938. 


{Sgau Karen,) 

The state of Mr. Vinton's health detains him in this country, though he hopes to 
be able to return to Burmah the coming autumn. He has rendered effective service 
to the cause of missions here, and it is of the utmost importance that he should return 
invigorated to his Burman field. Mr. Colbum is in charge of the work in the mission. 
but no advices have been received from him of a date later than Feb. 24, 1876, 
Information comes from other sources, that he has spent nearly his whole time in the 
jungle, and that the mission seems to be in a prosperous state. The statistics 
reported to the Burmah Convention in November last are as follows: Baptisms, 214; 
restored, 26 ; died, 60 ; excluded, 77 ; present number, 3,311. Amount of money con- 
Wbuted for religious work, Rs. 6,691.2.9; for school work, Rs. 9,386.12.9 ; total, Rs. 

204 Sixty-Third Annual Report. [Jul) 

{Pwo Karm,) 

Save a letter written February, 1876, from which some expressions were ouoted i 
the last Annual Report, we have nothing from Mr. Brayton referring to his labors 
their results. There can be no doubt that he has wrought with his characteristic zea 
and industry; but whether he has travelled in the jungle, or confined his labors to th 
station, we have no hint, except of a brief jungle trip in the letter above referred tc 
The statistics reported to the Burmah Convention in November last are : Baptized, 58 
restored, 3; died, 6; present number, 371 ; money raised for religious and schoc 
purposes, Rs. 1,124.8. 


Mr. Harris is still in this country, though he is ready, if no other man can be sen 
out, to return to his people in the autumn. Kah Cher has labored faithfully, an( 
other native preachers have done effective service. The schools have been we) 
cared for, and as well attended as in former years, and the church contributed fo 
school and religious purposes Rs. 1,218.10.1. Mr. Hale attended the last associatior 
and gives the following account of the occasion, and of the condition of th 
churches : — 

'' I had a very pleasant meeting with the Karen Christians at their annual associa 
tion. Some two hundred men, women, and children were present. The meeting 
were conducted entirely by the Karens, and well conducted too. Some three or fou 
villages asked for teachers, who were sent to them by the Associational Committee 
The village near which the meeting was held, although it was heathen, aided in thi 
entertainment of the people. One man had invited guests, but having been burned ou 
he did not feel able to provide for their stay over the sabbath ; so it was proposed t( 
make a short session. When the heathen learned of this they brought in food, tha 
the meetings might be continued ; and so the people nearly all remained till Monda) 
making a three-days' meeting, though all business was concluded, of course, oi 
Saturday, They reported an increased number of baptisms and members. Th« 
contributions also were increased, being this year about Rs. 600. The baptisms ani 
membership were 57 and 816 this year, against 37 and 804 of last year." 



The affairs of this department have gone on prosperously during the year. On th 
1 2th of August last Rev. Dr. Cross was united in marriage with Miss Clara L. Baldwii 
of the Bassein Sgau Karen mission. In autumn Rev. B. P. Cross with the consen 
of the committee left Toungoo to join the Sgau Karen department at Maulmair 
The schools in the villages are recovering from the disarrangements of the famine 
and the station school has been prosperous as usual. Two or three trips have bee: 
made into the regions around about Toungoo with good results. The evangelists an< 
missionaries have been faithful, with some trifling exceptions, and the Lord has blesso 
the sowing of the seed. 

The last meeting of the Paku association was a season of great interest It met i; 
a village about one hundred miles from Toungoo, and was well attended, considering 
the distance some of the people were obliged to travel and the difficulty of the wa} 
The sober, earnest attention paid by all the people to all the exercises, and the dee; 
religious feeling apparent among them, were especially encouraging. The pupils ii 
the town school who are qualified to teach were taken up and assigned places in whid 
to exercise their functions. 

Mrs. Cross accompanied her husband, and they visited together a goodly number 
villages both before and after the meeting of the association. In each village Mni 
Cross called on nearly every family, and made a thorough inquiry in reference to thi 
gills who ought to be in school, taking a long list of names. 

^877-] Mission to the Karens. 


Sixty churches were represented in the association. There are 35 pastors, 5 of 
whom are ordained ; 9 new teachers were stationed for school work ; 667 families were 
reported as connected with the Association ; 122 girls are reported in the schools, and 
256 boys, a total of 378. Dr. Cross says these statistics can only be taken as approxi- 
mating the truth. Many of the little churches are without pastors or preachers and 
without any written records, and their reports to the association must depend on the 
memory of a few individuals. A special effort is being made to remedy this defect. 
In all the villages visited by the missionaries they found that the estimates were much 
toolow ; a characteristic of the Karens in all their reports. The church statistics are, 
baptized, 42; i dismissed; 3 suspended; 2 excluded; 14 restored; 76 died; present 
number, 1,843 ; contributed for religious work, Rs. 1 156.4.6. 


Mr, and Mrs. Crumb joined the mission early in the present year, and have com- 

njenced vigorously on the study of the language. Mr. Bunker has been busy for 

months in re-organizing the churches of this department, and placing them on a more 

orderly and effective basis. It will be seen by the statement which we publish below 

that success is crowning his efforts. 

"At last, by the grace of God, I am able to report that a work which has been near 
niy heart for years, and which I regard as the final one in the union of these churches, 
has been done. I have now completed the re-organizing of the old churches. 

** In November last, there were not more than one or two church books or written 
Covenants, not a list of church-members, in all Toungoo among the Karens. As a 
Consequence there was little or no church organization or discipline among church- 
ixiembers. What little discipline there was, was mixed up with heathenish practices, 
3.Tid church and state were most emphatically wedded among the Karens. The village 
chiefs usually passed judgment on offenders in the churches ; and the punishment for 
sin was usually a fine, and a confession of sin for a stated number of times, or during 
a. term appointed. Church-members were often known to say that * they would remain 
in sin a little longer,' when they would * repent and confess ' and be * restored.' 

" In my work of re-organizing churches there was occasion to discipline a man from 
Hie Rangoon school for putting away his wife for a cause which involved no blame on 
hier part ; whereat he was greatly aggrieved, saying we ought only to suspend him, and 
he would confess his sin and be restored. * Will you take back your wife, and no longer 
seek a new one ? ' I asked. * Oh, no, I cannot do that 1 ' was the reply. This shows to 
"What a state the churches had attained. 

** Now we have been through with 39 churches, have written up the lists of members 

fcom the beginning, what has become of them, &c. We have prepared church books 

in which we have recorded these lists, a covenant to which all haviC subscribed, also 

l>rief accounts of all the pastors of the churches from the beginning, with their terms 

of service and reasons for leaving ; the dates of the formation of the churches, &c. 

After reorganizing the churches, we have proceeded to discipline according to order; 

and here we have oeen obliged patiently to instruct over and over, so that the members 

should understand how to properly discipline, and the necessity of discipline as laid 

upon them in the New Testament, until a church should get strength and light enough 

to discipline even the chief of the village if necessary. 

"We have carefully completed this branch of the work, with what effect will appear 

in statistics given at the end of this. We have helped elect officers in every church 

for properly constituted prayer and church meetings, and have established a school in 

^ery church. We have gathered not far from Rs. 400 for local schools, i. e., in sums 

from each church for its own school, chiefly in kind. We have most carefully divorced 

church and state among these 39 villages, pointing out the difference between them. 

We have in fact gone through the whole church polity and teaching in each churchy so 

^ as it was possible to do so, in order to set all these churches ri^ty on the true fonn- 

<iation, and prepare them not only for self preservation and advancement, but foi 

advancement upon the enemy which is pouring in upon us as a &ood. 

2o6 Sixty-Third Annual Report. [July, 

"There are nine Catholic priests and catechists, Europeans, and two ritualistic 
priests (one more coming) ; and this force is spent almost entirely in efforts to enter 
into our labors by drawing our members away. It seems as if Satan was mad with us, 
as if he had rallied his whole force, and employed every artifice to destroy our 
churches in Toungoo. I cannot begin to enumerate the modes of attack which are 
devised ; but my own name is sounded by th^r emissaries in these jungles, and among 
these churches, vastly more than the name of the * blessed Jesus. I know not why 
such a force is directed against us, save that it is because the Adversary sees, better than 
our Christian friends in this and other lands, that this field is a very important ore tp 
the kingdom of the blessed Jesus. But we have by the grace of God got the churches 
all in line of battle. The native pastors, many of them, have awakened to a new 
revelation ; viz., that our warfare is spiritual^ that our fight is spiritual, and that all 
victory comes from the spiritual head, even Christ, and so that in Christ's own good 
time victory is sure. It gratifies me exceedingly to see that many have got hold of this 
idea, which is as a new revelation from heaven to them. This re-organization of the 
churches has seemed to waken them up to this great and safe thought. 

"Thirty-nine churches ^?ave been re-organized, and there are many other stations not 
ready yet for churches. We hope to organize now every year. These thirty-nine are 
the solid kernel, sound meat, and form the nucleus of the future work. I will now 
give the exact statistics of these thirty-nine churches. Whole membership, 2,068 ; in 
churches, 39 ; suspended, 197 ; expelled, 8 ; schools established, 39. Of the num- 
ber suspended, probably over half will be expelled. The balance will be reduced by 
suspensions and expulsions, as the work of discipline goes on from month to month. 

" Four large schools besides the above have been organized, buildings provided by 
the disciples, and contributions made for sustaining the schools. This is a good move. 

** Please do not misunderstand : the above only represents that part of the work 
which has been thoroughly overhauled. There are many other stations occupied, 
schools in operation, and not unlikely eight or ten other churches which there is a 
large hope of reviving : but owing to Ritualists and the Roman Catholics, we are un- 
able to constitute them churches as yet. 

" Our association which met in January was a grand success. Over 800 persons 
were present. Much was done to make it the best meeting ever held by us. Not a 
few evils were corrected, and new work done. The meetings were never better at- 
tended, and listeners were never more earnest 

" The committee of ten chosen by the association to take care of the support of 
schools and needy native pastors, show in their report commendable activity, and the 
churches increased liberality, which is encotiraging. 

" S'aw, the pioneer missionary to Karennee, was ordained after passing a good exami- 
nation. This gives us five ordained ministers. I understand that another church is 
about to apply to have its pastor ordained. This is well. If we can have good or- 
dained men, and ii the custom of observing the Lord's Supper only once a year can be 
broken up, and observed every two months, I believe greater spiritual life will be the 
result. This indicates the line of our work, and means of advance. Only eleven 
baptisms were reported to the convention in November last." 


Mrs. Thomas has continued to labor in season and out of season, in spite of manjr 
obstacles, and under the most depressing influences. She has furnished the following 
account of the mission during the year 1876 : — 

" A few of the Henthada Karen churches have suffered by the failure of the paddy 
•harvest, but with that exception all have enjoyed a good degree of temporal pros-' 
perity. To a certain extent there is also spiritual prosperity. Nearly all the disciples 
are very firm in their allegiance to Christ, and exceedingly strict in their views of 
church discipline. They contribute somewhat liberally to the funds of their Home 
Mission Society, but they come far short of their duty in the matter of supporting their 

1877.] Mission to the Karens. 207 

pastors, many of whom have to spend a great part of their time in laboring to supply 
the necessities of their families. 

"To the call made last year for evangelizing work among the heathen, the 
response was not so general as was desired, yet some were stirred up to go forth and 
preach the gospel. All report the heathen as receiving them well, and listening to 
their message with serious attention. ' They listen, but that is all : they remain as 
they were,' is the complaint of the preachers. 

"81 pupils have been admitted to the town school ; 27 of the number were girls; 
average attendance, 67. 

^ English has been dropped from the course of study, and much attention given to 
the Burmese language. A Pwo department has been opened, and attended by eighteen 

" A good Burmese carpenter has been very successful in teaching some of the older 
boys to work at his trade. In the month of September, ten of the pupils, five bo3rs 
and five girls, were baptized by Too-wah. 

" There is but little, if any, improvement in the village schools. 

"Our annual statistics at the time of our association, March, 1876, were as follows: 
baptized (from the heathen 17, from Christian families 65), in all, 82 ; excluded mem- 
bers restored, 7 ; excluded, 17 ; died, 20 ; whole number of church-members, 1,676 ; 
contributions for religious purposes (including support of pastors and erection of 
chapels), Rs. 4,089." 


Sgau Department. 

Miss Watson rejoined this station near the close of the year, and has resumed her 
work, it is hoped with renewed strength. Mr. Carpenter has furnished the subjoined 
history of the year, to which we cheerfully give place : — 

" The year under review has been marked in our case, as in others doubtless, by 
hard work and some peculiar trials. The divine blessing, however, has not been with- 
held, and we abide in hope. 

"Eight jungle tours were made by the missionary, in which about fifty of the 
churches were reached, leaving only ten unvisited since his' return to the district. He 
has given but little time directly to the heathen this year ; for it is clear to his mind 
that his own first duty lies to these babes in Christ, many of whom, left to themselves, 
will relapse to a condition worse than that of the heathen, while with suitable care and 
the blessing of God, there is reason to hope that they will become a powerful agency 
for saving the heathen. 

"The Bassein Sgau Karen Home Mission Society supported nineteen (19) laborers 
^ong the heathen, during the whole or a considerable part of the last travelling 
season. This is believed to be a larger number than for many years previous. Of 
these our missionary Moung Shway Nee, in the Prome district, heads the list. 
Owing to the death of Mr. Simons, we were unable to forward funds for his support 
for several months ; but communication is now restored. His Bassein friends have 
great confidence in him, and hope for substantial results from his labor. Two good 
nen were sent to work among the heathen of the Shwaygyeen district, but of their 
labors we have heard no report. This is the sum of omx foreign work for the year. 

" Fourteen men were employed among the heathen of our own district. They trav- 
elled in every direction, particularly to the north-east as far as the borders of Hen- 
thada, preaching the good news of salvation. Two young women of an earnest spirit, 
graduates of our Normal School, were employed in teaching the children in heathen 
villages. Never perhaps, within the last ten years, have there been so many encour- 
aging signs among the heathen of this field. The itinerants report a much more 
favorable reception than formerly, both for themselves and their message. Four or 
five communities asked for Christian teachers, and an attempt was made to supply 
them ; but, owing to various causes, a footing which we hope will prove perruanent has 
thus far been gained in only two. 

2o8 Sixty-Third Annual Report. U^Ty 

" In Ka-nywot-gou, a heathen Sgau village of forty houses, Tay-tay, a graduate of our 
normal school and the seminary, has labored most faithfully for the entire year. The 
Burman priest (Buddhist) was dismissed, and the kyoung given up to Tay-tay for a 
Christian school. A class of nearly twenty bright boys have been constant in their 
attendance. They have learned to read their own language well, have committed the 
catechism to memory, and become familiar with much Christian truth. The children 
are much attached to their teacher, and the parents are much interested in the progress 
of their children. Some of them attend worship with the scholars on Sunday, and 
they are beginning to help support Tay-tay. Two of our earnest helpers. Misses 
Baldwin and Walling, contributed their share to the work by spending some three 
weeks in labor for the women and girls of this village. We hope for a harvest here. 

" The Normal and Industrial Institute has lost a faithful teacher in Miss C. L. Bald- 
win, Our loss, however, is even greater gain to the work in Totmgoo, and especially to 
the home of which she is now the light. Miss I. Watson has just been welcomed back 
to her old place in the school. Miss Manning and the other teachers are doing their 
best for the improvement of the school, and their labors are not in vain. The average 
attendance for the year has been about 200 pupils in all departments. The whole 
number on the roll is not less than 250. The progress in s'tudy has been fair; and four 
of the pupils, giving good evidence of a change of heart, have been baptized in our 
new tank. 

" Being still greatly cramped for dormitory and schoolrooms, we have erected during 
the year a building of two stories, 108 feet by 27, in the rear of the new girls* school- 
house and attached to it. The schoolhouse itself also has been ceiled and painted 
throughout. Over Rs. 10,000 has been received in cash for our building-fund, since 
April I, 1875, every pice of it from the Karens and their friends in this country. 
Of this sum only Rs. 3,625 is included in the statistics below. There can no longer be 
any doubt, even in the minds of the most sceptical, that the full sum (Rs. 20,000) 
pledged by this devoted people will soon be made up. May the Lord himself sanctify 
and use the unworthy offering ! The posts and much of the timber required for the 
new * Institute * building are already on the ground, but we may not begin to build 
until next year. 

"The Pantanau church, numbering 161 members, has been dismissed during the year 
to join the Rangoon Association. The Pgoo Khyoung church, having been previously 
received by that association, without any letter of dismission from us, was dropped 
from our list We have now lost four entire churches with their pastors, besides some 
hundreds of adult members by emigration from churches still numbered with us to the 
new district of Thonkwa. We hope that these Christians in their new relations may 
enjoy great spiritual prosperity, and serve the Master with increased fidelity. 

'' Of our trials, I will merely say that besides an unusual amount of murrain, floods, 
and a short crop of paddy with consequent scarcity of food in many of our villages 
during a part of the year, the Christians in common with the heathen have suffered 
not a little from positive oppression by Government officials. Fishing for daily con- 
sumption has been prohibited ; a great deal of forced labor has been exacted ; in 
more than one instance Christians have been compelled to do Sunday work ; and the 
chapel in one of our smaller villages was wantonly destroyed by an English officer. 
As these matters have been referred to the highest authority in the province for judg- 
ment, further remarks would be out of place. 

" We heartily unite with all who love our Lord in sincerity, in pra3ring for a copious 
outpouring of the Holy Spirit on all the people of this land. 

" Our statistics, as dven at the association last March, are as follows : — 

" Churches, 64 ; oraained pastors, 24 ; unordained pastors, 90 ; baptized, 275 ; added 
by letter, 129 ; dismissed by letter, 162 ; excluded, 144 ; restored, 57 ; died, 95 ; pres- 
ent number, 6,366. Religious contributions, Rs. 13,127; educational contributionSi 
Rs. 14,827 : total, Rs. 27,954. Schools, 56 ; pupils in do., 1,743." 

] Mission to the Karens. 209 

Pwo Karen. 

Goodell thus relates the progress of this department during the last year : -— 
iiring last sununer Mrs. Goodell and myself have visited nearly all of our 
les. We find many grounds for encouragement in the work of our pastors and 
i, but there are also some sad things to record. There have been 34 baptisms, 

total increase of 14. One small church at Adalouk, with the advice of the 
ation, has disbanded. The few remaining Christians were advised to unite with 
;au Karen church of that place. 

tsides visiting the churches, we have preached to many of the heathen. The 
les were made a centre from which we worked out, as much as time and strength 
permit, to the little hamlets and villages in the vicinities. 

le pastors of the churches and the evangelists have several of them been doing 
il work. The new chapel at Moungtha has been completed. The one at 
a, one of the best that we have, is done except the roof, which is leaf. They 

to shingle it as soon as they are able. Po Pa continues his work at Luengee, 
I has built a house. Thah-ay has moved from Sa Boo-kasa with one or two f ami- 
ut he still continues to vi^it the villages near there, and reports one man and his 
s hopeful converts from heathenism during the year, though they have not yet 
>aptized ; and he is well received at other places. 

lomb Way teaches and preaches at M'Gong Kyang. There are some interest- 
ses there. Two heathen boys eight or ten years of age by his influence came 
ur school this year, and day by day drank in the truth, as they with all the 

spent the hour from nine o'clock till ten in studying the Bible. Since their 

home, they have positively refused to unite with their parents in celebrating a 
;n feast, and say if they are compelled to do so they will run away, and come to 
icher. As the charm is broken at this feast if any one of the family is absent, 
ist is still in abeyance. 

iss C. H. Rand from Maulmain has joined us in our mission-work. I do not now 
w we could have got through the year without her help. The Karens would 
>een greatly disappointed, and the promises made on her account could not have 
ulfilled. The school, which has been larger than ever before, would have suf- 
3;reatly, and on the other hand much of its character and proficiency has been 
) her untiring efforts. After a four-months* session our funds are exhausted, 
e are obliged to close. We regret greatly that we are unable to open again for 
ion in the dry season. Our school buildings are entirely unsuited to our work, 
e greatly need better facilities for carrying it on. The Karens are moving in 
itter ; and we hope we shall have aid from our friends in America, 
lankful for the blessings of the past, we would gird our loins afresh for the con< 
: the coming year, trusting in the Lord, and asking his blessing on all our school 
ingle and other work." 

\ statistics up to the ist of last October were as follows : Baptized, 341 ; added 
ter, 7 ; restored, x ; dismissed, 14 ; died, 20 ; excluded, 20 ; present number, 
contributions for all purposes, Rs. 3,394.1. 

Rer. John Pacxbr, Pnsidsni. Mrs. Packbr, Miss Emma Chacb, and Par-Ra-Too. 

\ following account of the college is condensed from the very full and exact 
of President Packer: — 

) session began the first Monday in May, 1876. The gross attendance for the 
I-year has risen to 109, showing an increase on that of the previous year of 75. 
ighest attendance for any one month of the first term was recorded in May, viz., 
le lowest in September, viz., 87 ; the highest, second term, 88 in October, and 
67 in January. The decrease in that month — and there was nearly the same in 
iber — was due in great part to dismissals on account of sickness, and to some 
inary dismissals. 

2IO Sixty-Third Annual Rtpoft. [July, 

The average for the first term was 86.4; second term, 78.6; for the year, 82.5. 
Average age of students, i7-{-. The division as to race was, Kjarens, 76 ; Burmans, 26; 
Madrasses, 2 ; Eurasians, 2. The number of church-members was 38 ; non-churdh 
members, 78. Six members of the school were baptized during the year. The teadh 
ers have been two missionaries, three natives, and one pupiL 

The classification of the school according to studies was into five general classes^ 
besides which there were some primaries. 

The studies of the first class of 10 members were English grammar and analysis, ; 
with original illustrative examples ; geography, topographical and political ; a^ithIn^ 
tic ; geometry, with oral and blackboard demonstrations ; English reading, with spell- 
ing and dictation exercises ; Burmese (iEsop's Fables), with written and oral transit* \ 

Studies of the second class, of 12 members: English grammar, geography, arith- 
metic, English reading with Karen translations, and spelling and dictation exerdsei 

Studies of the third class, of 15 members : Elementary grammar, English reading \ 
with Burman translations, oral and written dictation exercises, and spelling ; arithmetic^ 
completed to reduction of compound fractions ; elementary geography. 

Studies of the fourth class, of 10 members : English reading, wim Karen and Biff- i 
man translations ; Burman Phrase-Book, with English translation, and dictation ; aridh ' 
metic, completed to reduction of compound fractions. 

Studies of the fifth class, of 30 members : English reading, with Karen and Biff- ! 
man translation, spelling and dictation ; Burman Phrase-Book, with English transladooi; 
arithmetic, oral, through the four elementary principles, and the application of diem 
to compound numbers. 1 

Studies of the primaries, who were 27 in number: English Primer, with Karen and % 
Burman translation, oral and written, spelling and dictation exercises, oral arithmetic ] 

In addition to the above, there have been each morning the usual Bible study, and 1 
an exercise of half an hour in penmanship by the whole school throughout the year. :■. 
On Saturday mornings, English rhetorical exercises by divisions of the three highest \ 
glasses have also been had. 

' Three examinations of all the classes have been held. Additional interest was given 
to the final examination by the offering of four prizes by Mr. J. H. Gilbert, principal 
of the Government High School. Excellent scholarship is indicated by the marks of 
the successful competitors. 

Saturday evenings have been devoted to the students' weekly prayer-meeting, whick 
has been well maintained all the year. We have good reason to believe that it has nol 
been barren of good both to the converted and the unconverted. As heretofore, on sdh 
bath mornings the school has been converted into a Sunday sdiooL During the yeii^ 
we have completed the parables, and have begun the study of the miracles. 


Rev. D. A. W. Smith and wife ; Rer. J. G. Binnbt, D.D., and wife, in tiie United States ; Tbra Tat, and oit J 
native teachers. i 

From Nov. 15, 1875, till Dec. 27, 1876, more than a year, this institution was under di^ 
care of native teachers. Mr. Smith reached Rangoon in the last days of 1876, ttii^ 
immediately began to look into the condition of the school. 1 

The first term, which commenced in May, opened with 36 names on the roll ; but It. ] 
the end of September they had dwindled down to 25. The average attendance ftri 
the first term was 31.4, while that of the second term, including October and Januai^ 
was only 20-}-. This falling-off was due to an epidemic which broke out in September | 
last, in consequence of which ten or twelve of the students were obliged to leave* Om-l 
of these, a member of the graduating class, a young man of great promise from Heii» 
thada, did not live to reach his home. One of the teachers, Too-hai, was also one ot 
the victims of this disease, and died soon after his ^arrival home. In this way ttel 
fourth class was reduced to one pupil, and the graduating class to four. Mr. Smith 
says, — 

MissicH to tht Karens, 211 

nsidering the natural timiditjr of the Karens in the presence of disease, and 
into connection with this the absence of the American missionary, it is surprising 
ily gratifying that so many students held on ; and their manifest interest in their 
, and the progress evinced at the end of the term, bear a united testimony which 
e credit of both teacher and pupils. During the month of January, I gave in- 
)n to the senior class in sermonizing, and to vut senior and second classes united 
Book of Revelation; and on the 30th of the month the school was dismissed." 

Be*. WiLUAN H. Sloak, SufiHmtndnH. 
Bennett last summer resigned his connection with the Press ; and the resisna- 
s accepted, and took effect on the ist of October. He had been more or leas 
ely <x>nnected with the Press for forty-seven years, and during the greater part 
time had taken charge of iL He developed excellent business qualities, and 
;d its affairs with great prudence and skill, till it has become one of the most 
int factors of our mission-work in Burmah, Reminded by the advance of age that 
revision must ere long be made for its management, he has long been looking 
an to take his place, — a man who to knowledge of printing adds a capacity and 
r for business. Mr. Sloan was earnestly recommended to the Executive Corn- 
by Mr. Bennett as his assistant, and ultimate successor. Accordingly, when 
amittee accepted Mr. Bennett's resignation, they had no hesitation in electing 
lan to the place thus made vacant The committee have high hopes for the 
}f the Rangoon Mission Press, should Mr. Sloan be permit^ to remain in 
of it 

6. 1B76. 



t iMtTM^tMOMSX. 




212 Sixty-Third Annual R^ort. U^Y* 


GowALPARA.— Rev. M. C. Mason and wife, Rev. T. J. Kbitr and wife in the United States. 4 chmchcs; 7 

ordained and 3 unordained native preachers ; 20 schools ; 301 pupils. 
TuRA. — Rev. E. G. Phillips and wife. Other worlcers as well as churches included in Gowalpanu 
GowAHATi. — Rev. Miles Bronson, D.D., and wife, Miss Orsll Kbblbr. 5 ordained, 7 unordained, nativf 

preachers ; 8 schools ; pupils, 163. 
NowGONG. — Rev. R. £. Neighbor and wife. Miss Anna M. Swsbt. 6 native preachers; a sdiools, one for 

boys and one for girls ; 251 pupils. 
SiBSAGOR. — Rev. A^ K. Go rney and wife, Mrs. S. R. Ward, i church; 4 native pnadien; n spools, ooe 

for boys and one for ffirls ; 84 pupils ; % teachers ; 2 Bible-women. 
Haimoung. — Rev. £. W. Clark, Mrs. Clark in the United States, i church. 

The principal event of special note in the history of the mission to the Assamese 
during the year under review is the establishment of two new stations among the 
aboriginal tribes of Assam. The new station at Tura, where Mr. and Mrs. Phillips 
have gone to reside, is really the first place we have taken up in the heart of the Garo 
country. Gowalpara is near it, but not in it ; the nearest Garo village being about 
twelve miles from that place. But Tura is in the heart of it, and is the chief city or 
town of that important tribe. 

The other new station is in the Naga Hills, in the Haimoung district, between Assam 
and Burmah. Mr. Clark has been now many months living in the heart of the hills 
among this hardy and savage race, and the people seem to give him a cordial welcome. 
All friends of missions will hail this bold movement on the part of Mr. Clark as eviih 
cing a missionary spirit, which places the progress of Christianity above comfort, health, 
or even life itself. The indications are that our work in Assam is to find its vitality 
among these border tribes. Beginning on the north-west, opposite Gowalpara, are the 
Kosaris and Meches accessible from both Gowahati and Gowalpara. Next of the hill 
tribes come the Duffolas, the Abors, the Miris, the Mishmis, all on the north. Thence 
between Assam and Western China and Burmah come the Singphos or Kah-chins, the 
Shans, the Nagas, the Kookies, the Mikirs, and on the south the Cossyas and Garos. 


Mr. Mason and Mr. Phillips have made good progress in the language, and are able 
to work with some effect In January, 1876, in company with Mr. Keith, they made 
their first tour among the churches, or Christian villages. Mr. Keith had the privilege 
of reading to the people from his own translation of the Gospels into their language^ 
and of leaving the precious word with them as he bade them adieu. He left the coun- 
try shortly after, and is now at home in quest of health. In February they attended 
the Garo association. The meetings were well attended, and full of interest ; and the 
missionaries were much encouraged. There were about a hundred and fifty Garo Chris- 
tians present. After the associational meetings, it was the purpose of the missionaries 
to visit several out-stations j but Mr. Keith had an attack of fever, and they were 
obliged to return to Gowalpara. 

On their way home they organized a church, consisting of a little more than one 
hundred members, living in ^e village of Rajahsimla and some contiguous stations. 
A church roll was made out, a covenant was adopted, and two deacons and a clerti 
were elected. They already have an ordained pastor, Gungram by name. Anotheif 
church has been organized in Damra, the seat of the normal school. . 

In October the preachers and teachers of the mission were assembled at Gowalpara^ 
that they might be more perfectly instructed for their work, and that their hearts migU^ 
be enlarged for more thorough efforts. Mr. Mason tried to teach them the nature df 
Christian co-operation, and to explain the Scripture methods of organized life andf 
action, at the same time that he endeavored to show them the magnitude of the worl^ 
laid upon them. In November Mr. Mason made a tour of more than a week among 
the out-stations, and in December he spent two weeks more among the villages. He 
was permitted, during this trip, to baptize eighteen converts. But one of the most 
important results of this last visit of the year under review was the setting of the 
church in order. As already stated, he had given the preachers and teachers located 

i877-] Mission to the Assamese. 213 

at these out-stations, careful instructions relating to the organization and work of a 
gospel church, and now he ordained elders, and had deacons and other church officers 
appointed, and the different companies put into working trim. Great pains seems to 
have been taken by this energetic young missionary to have these people move accord- 
ing to order. 


On the 7th of November last, Mr. Phillips left Gowalpara to make preparation for a 
residence at Tura, about one hundred miles into the hills. Tura is the chief city of 
Garo-land, and is the chief centre of influence among the people. As it is the political 
and social centre of the race, it is very important that we should make it the centre of 
our Christian work for the people. Mr. Phillips wrote in December last : — 

** I have decided to build first a very small bungalow, twenty-four by thirty feet, and 
we w])l occupy that while the other is being built. When we have done using it as a 
dwelling, by removing the inside walls — which will be made of mats — it will be easily 
changed into a chapel. • • . I have been here about three weeks ; and my working force 
has gradually increased to seven Nepaulese coolies, six Garos, and six sawyers, cutting 
lumber for the bungalow. I expect gradually to get together as many men as I need, 
and hope to have the roof completed before the rains set in. If I do, the work can be 
carried on during the rains, and perhaps may be completed before next cold season. 

" I am greatly encouraged by the prospect of finding those who will quickly accept 
the good news. I reached here late on Saturday evening. Sunday evening I had a 
service in the tent There are a number of Garo coolies employed here by govern- 
ment A number of these attended, besides several others. Nearly all had heard a 
little of the gospel from different persons, but really knew very little indeed. They 
gave close attention, and were so interested that they, of their own accord, came again 
on Monday evening, and came also several other evenings during that week. I brought 
one of our native preachers with me from Gowalpara, and also one of the school-boys, 
temporarily, as servant We had very interesting meetings. 

"On the next Sunday we held two services. At tlie Sunday evening meeting they 
pioposed — as they were obliged to work hard during the day, and as their homes are 
some distance from my tent — that, instead of coming to the tent, they would meet 
together at one of their houses during the coming week, and worship God. One of 
them is from near Damra, and has been baptized. He seemed ready at once to take 
a new interest I am glad also to report that there is one candidate for baptism 
among the policemen. He is from one of our Christian villages, or rather from one 
where we have a school and some converts, and so knew much of the truth before 
coming here. He still needs instruction ; but I think him a fit subject for baptism, and 
hope to baptize him ere long." 

The small house is completed, and Mr. and Mrs. Phillips are now residing in Tura. 
The statistics are included in the account of Gowalpara. 


The venerable Dr. Bronson, though sick and unable to endure the hardships to 
which he has formerly subjected himself, is holding on at this station, and doing his 
utmost to sustain its mterests. There have been some cases of conversion in the town 
of deep interest* Dr. Bronson baptized three young men, two of them the sons of 
native preachers. In March, 1876, several educated natives, young men of good con- 
oectk>ns, became deeply interested in Christianity, and opened their hearts to Dr. 
Blronson, expressing their distrust of Hindooism and their belief of Christianity. One 
of these young men attended one of the regular prayer-meetings, and knelt in prayer. 
When he arose he spoke as follows : — 

" Brothers and friends, I formerly attended a mission-school near Calcutta, taught 
bf Baboo Sal Behari Dey, where I read the Bible. But I did not think much what 
I read. Lately I have felt convinced that the religion of my fathers is false. I am 
I Brahmin, mit caste is nothing. The worship of idols and Hindoo gods avails 

214 Sixty-Third Annual Report. [July, 

nothing. I believe Christ is the Saviour of sinners He gave his life for us." He 
then offered prayer, '* O Jesus, receive me, forgive and save me ; make me thy dis- 
ciple." He then turned, and spoke to all present : '' Brothers and friends, receive 
me. Let me be Christ's disciple with you. The religion of my people is all false." 

Dr. Bronson says, ''This caused a good deal of feeling and interest among oar 
native Christians. They know what opposition and persecution he will meet with 
when he breaks the fact to his friends that he is no longer a Hindoo and Brahmin, but 
a Christian. He proposes to do this on Monday next He has influential friends and 
relatives here. I tremble for him, but he says his friends shall not prevent him from 
embracing Christ. Pray for us. Pray for Gowahati, that we may see a plentifol shower 
of divine grace." 

In October following Dr. Bronson baptized three young men, one the son of Kandura, 
one of the leading native preachers in Assam. These are encouraging tokens that 
the Lord is ready to bless the work in the central station. It has been observed that 
of late years nearly all the baptisms reported in connection with the station have been 
from the aboriginal tribes, and not from the Assamese. Dr. Bronson writing on the 
I St of January, reviewing the year 1876, says : — 

'' In looking back through the year we see much to mourn over, much to be grateful 
for. Some progress has been made. Thirty-eight have been aidded to the churdi, 
making our present number 148. Several who have long heard the gospel as 
preached amongst us, unaffected hitherto, are now asking for a place with Christians ; 
and a number on the Garo hills are waiting for baptism. I am anxious to be off, but 
my health does not permit me to go just now. I hope to go soon. My native assistants 
Kandura and Apinta are out among them." 

About twenty disciples were awaiting baptism in the out-stations. Three women 
were employed during the year in teaching and zenana-work. 

The girls school under Uie care of Mrs. Bronson and Miss Keeler is reported to be 
in a flourishing condition. Besides this school for girls, several girls and women are 
regularly taught in the village schools among the Garo Hills. 

The statistics for the year are as follows : Baptized, 38 ; added by letter, 3 ; died, i ; 
present number, 148. 


The work of this station has been done in the spirit of industry and conscientioos 
care which have marked Mr. Neighbor from the first His health, as well as that of 
Mrs. Neighbor, has been poor ; and they are obliged to look to a return to this countiy 
on that account, and also on account of their children, the latter having reached an 
age which makes it necessary that they should be placed under different influences 
than those which surround them in Assam. Mr. Neighbor thus presents the general 
plan of his work as a missionary : — 

" My own efforts are being chiefly directed (i) to the bringing of the church here 
to a position of at least self-management, although it may be obliged to lean upon us 
for pecuniary aid ; and (2) to gather together in favorable localities our Christian 
voung men who have gone out from us here, and are now living isolated among the 
neatl^n population. In this way Christian centres will be formed to be the nuclei of 
churches. I regard this last as quite equal in importance to the first of the two direo* 
tions of my endeavor ; in fact, they may well both go together." • 

A passage of the same import with the above extract in Mr. Neighbor's report of 
the previous year was construed as savoring of an attempt to promote the spiritual 
security of the native Christians at the expense of their spiritual efficiency \ a construc- 
tion which Mr. Neighbor repudiates, and states that he is substantially at one widi 
the views of the Committee. He says : — 

*' My plan will be made plain by taking a specific instance. At Habe's vUlage a 
young Christian man has been sent out from the Normal School, to relieve Habe from 
his school, that he may give his whole time to evangelistic work as a preacher, to 
which he seems fitted. If now some of the boys who will leave the Normal School, 

1 877-] Mission to tlu Assamese. 215 

and who will not be employed by the mission, can be persuaded to take up land and 
locate diemselves there, where they can unite in sabbath ser\4ce, prayer-meetings, &c., 
and be under spiritual oversight, to some extent, of the native preacher, it certainly 
seems to me that this would be much better for them, and would also indirectly help 
the native preacher in his work, than if they should go off, mere lads whose knowledge 
of the gospel is so meagre, and who are themselves so weak, to live where they will 
be entirely separated from the helpful influences of other Christians, and to yield 
—as facts show is the case —if not altogether, yet in some degree, to the evil influ- 
ence of heathenism. 

^ It has been the disposition of some of our native preachers to locate themselves 
in the station, rather than in central villages in the district ; which I have been trying 
to break up, as well as to gather arotmd these native preachers, at the outlying villages 
where they may locate, such other Christians as may not be employed in the mission. 
And for years to come most likely these bands of Christians will be but a mere hand- 
ful as compared with the heathen masses all around." 

Miss Sweet is understood not to have enjoyed perfect health, but she is making 
good progress in the language, and gives promise of usefulness. The twelve native 
preachers have been employed during the greater part of the year, and much fruit has 
been gathered. There have been eighteen baptisms, one exclusion. 


We condense from Mr. Gumey's report the following account of the church and 
mission work at this station during the last year : — 

Assamese Work. 

The laborers in this department have been Modhu, Kolibor, and Roganon. Modhu 
was ill for some time, but has done what he could in visiting the Assamese villages 
and the tea-gardens. Kolibor, though too old to be of great service, has held conver- 
sation with persons whom he met near his home. Roganon has done very well, 
conversing with Hindoos and Mussulmans. 

The heathen Assamese are not easily impressed with the truths of Christianity. 
Some listen attentively and respectfully to the words of the preacher, others refuse to 
hear ; some are full of argument, and others say very little. Many assent to all the 
preacher says, but will d^miss the subject by saying, '' Christianity is good for you, 
W not for me." 

Kolh Work. 

. The Kolh work is far more encouraging than the Assamese. There are two native 
preachers, Amos and Andrew. Andrew lives near Tiyonk, and labors there and in 
te gardens in the vicinity of Jorhat He has during the year held services on the 
Tiyonk and Bimun gardens, and preached to the heathen Kolhs on these and other 
gardens. Inquirers have appeared at different times during the year. Eleven have 
been baptized. They were ignorant indeed ; but they understood the cardinal prin- 
ciples of Christianity, sorrow for sin, and trust in Christ, and prayed every day for 
strength and for the conversion of others. One of the converts, a little girl of ten or 
twelve years of age, is leading her mother to Christ One had formerly been sprinkled, 
bat now wished Ito be baptized. The Kolhs are remarkable for the completeness with 
which they renounce the superstitions of their old life : would that the Assamese were 
more like them in this respect I 

At Nikipur, a garden south of this place, Christianity has made progress, some four- 
teen inquirers having appeared, all of whom are asking for baptism. From inquiry I 
learn that ten, of them are fit subjects for baptism ; I shall know further when they 
come in. There are at Nikipur quite a number of baptized Christians. It will be 
observed that all the inquirers have appeared on gardens where there were already 
baptized Christians. 

The heathen Kolhs are ready to admit the truth of the preacher's words : they 

2i6 Sixty-Third Anmial Report. [July, 

confess their sinfulness and need of salvation, but plead inability. ^ Your words are 
true ; but we are in Satan's net, and cannot escape." Rum-drinking and dancing are 
common among the heathen Kolhs. Some will say to the native preacher, ''If we 
become Christians, we can't drink and dance." 

The Sibsagor Church. 

In the Sibsagor church are seventy-four Kolhs and diirty-one Assamese. Of the 
former the majority are laborers on tea-gardens, and do not worship widi the church. 
The Kolhs who live in the Kolh village about three miles away attend service here 
regularly and promptly. Sunday services have been well attended during the year. 
A weekly evening prayer-meeting has been held in the bungalow since March last. 

" I wish I could report more favorably the condition of ^e Assamese portion of die 
church, which, though fair for a church in a heathen land, does not satisfy me. The 
people are like children in their need of constant oversight and care. Most of them 
would not hold out if placed done among the heathen. Yet we must expect them to 
be very imperfect Christians, considering the circumstances under which they were 
brought up. Like church-members at home, some are silent in the meetings, others 
take part. One man, excluded some time ago for bad conduct, now gives signs of 
tepentance: he is assiduous in attendance at prayer-meeting and Bu)le-class, and 
appears like a true Christian. 

" I have a successful Bible-class, studying the life of Christ I am seeking to lead 
the members to study the Scriptures for themselves. The people manifest much 
interest, and are very ready to talk and present their ideas. Sometimes three or four 
will speak at once." 

Mrs. Ward continues to work with her usual energy in the schools, as formerly. She 
has projected a large institution for Eurasian children, and already has a family of 
about a dozen of them. The boys' school consisting of about sixty Hindoos is under 
her superintendence. She opens it daily with Scripture reading and instruction, when 
she repeats the Lord's Prayer, the school joining with her. This school is under the 
instruction of a Christian young man, who is faithful in the inculcation of moral ^nd reli- 
gious truth. Besides this school Mrs. Ward has formerly had a class of select young 
men under her instruction ; but the increased care conne'cted with her Eurasian boarf 
ers has compelled her to discontinue this branch of her work. 

She also has the general charge of the girls' school numbering about eighteen pupils. 
This school enjoys the instruction, religious as well as secular, of Mrs. Martin, a former 
pupil of Mrs. Whiting. Mrs. Ward spends a portion of every day in this school, en- 
gaged in teaching English and the vernacular, after which an hoiu: is devdted to needle- 

The statistics of the station are : Baptisms, ii ; excluded, i ; present number, 105, d 
whom 31 are Assamese and 74 Kolhs. 


This is the name of the new station among the Naga Hills, now occupied by Mr. 
Clark. The following is Mr. Clark's account of the new location : — 

" The work here among the Nagas is much more promising than a 3^ear ago. True, 
the Naga church-members are considerably less than they were a year ago. Three 
have died, and the walk of some was so disorderly that it was deemed best to exclude 
them. The Naga church now numbers ten, and is entirely distinct from the Sibsagor 
church. No baptisms during the past year. 

''The Haimoung villagers had long been talking about a much better site for a 
village on their land. The land was deemed much more fertile and easy to culti- 
vate than that about the old site. In October a portion of the old village resolved to 
move on to the new site. As most of the Christians and those favorable to Christian- 
ity were determined to go, I went with them. Little did I then think that I should be 

Mission to $he Asamtst. 


^nths living in a wretched little temporary hut ; but never mind that now. 
St migration to the new locality was not large, and those who preferred to 
at the old village made much more opposition than was expected. Godhula, 
amese assistant, becoming alanned at this opposition, left the hills at once, 
he had previously told me that he would not remain in this work after Decem- 
■6, the end of the year. Things did look a little squally for a while ; but by the 
t the Lord all is now peaceful and quiet About two-thirds of the people of 
village have come here, and the Christian element is here the ruling one. 
establishing a new village it is customary to sacrifice a cow, and make quite an 
heathen religious ceremonies. Here there has been nothing of the kind. 
)robably are some attempts made to propitiate heathen deities, demons ; but I 
liing of it, whereas in the old village it was almost constantly before my eyes. 
lany of the villagers call themselves Christians. The Lord's Day, as a day of 
respected almost as well as in America. The attendance on sabbath services 
much larger than a year ago ; yet Godhula could preach to them in their own 
;e a great deal better than I now can. 

sre are, no doubt, two proper candidates for baptism ; and, when I spoke to a 
Christian man about baptizing these, he thought it would be better to wait a 
nd baptize more. Quite likely he is light ; and some of the regular attendants 
irch-members may be passing over, or may have passed over, from death unto 
>ut a Naga is not by nature simple-minded, rather the reverse ; and at lirst I 
mistake was made in baptizing some who were not Christians. I had only 
ist superficial knowledge of Nagas, and had to trust entirely to Godhula's 
nt. So now I am not in haste to baptize. The blessed Spirit is apparently 
the hearts of some of these people. May he win them over to Christ 1 
e language of this tribe, embracing over forty villages, is totally distinct from 
;amese, and much more ditBcult to acquire. But it must be used among these 
Probably not one man in a thousand, and scarcely a single woman, would 
and a religious conversation in Assamese, nor will they understand it without 
deal of teaching. 

now the exclusion from civilization, and the hardships and privations of living 
1 a Naga village, make up a pretty tough sacrifice. I was ten months here 
: seeing a white face. Vet I am the more convinced that in the hills, among 
<ple, is the place for him to live who would evangelize this people, 
-oad is being made from the plain of Assam up to Woka. The Political Agent 
ibably occupy Woka anothet: year. Then it will doubtless be a safe place to 
ts height and location should give it a very line climate. Woka is a large 
'illage, and other large villages near. Let the other mission family go there," 




ncs. 1 








CwmiCH COKT11«UT1011«. 


























































2i8 Sixty-Third Annual Ripmt. [July, 


Nbllorb.— Rer. D. Downib and wife, Rer. E. Bullard; Rar. L. Jbwstt, D.D^ and frifob in flie Ui^^| 
States. 4 native preachers ; 4 schools. Station schools, girls, 19, boys, it : total, ^ '\ 

Ongole. — Rev. John E. Clougm and wife. Rev. A. Lougheidgs and wife. Native preacheia^ to ; tcadMH^ 
20 ; colportors, 3 ; viOage schools, a6; station sdiools, a; students in Ramapatam Seminary, 76; in Ongoltj 
Normal School, 59 ; girls' sdiool, 62. ^ 

Ramapatam. --Rev. Alfrbd A. Nbwhall and wife, Misi Lavxnia Pbabodt. a dnuches; to nathvi 
preachers, of whom 3 are ordained ; 6 Bible-women; i oolportor ; a station schools (one for boys and wandtikA 
women, and one for girls) and la village schools. 

Sbcundbkabao. — Rev. W. W. Campbell and wift. i Ghurch; 4 iiativn pRachefs; a t c h oo tU a rf wa; i eol^ 
portor. \ 

Ku RN oou — Rev. D. H. Dr axb. 

Brownson Sbminary. — Rev. R. R. WnxiAMS. 


Mr. Downie gives the subjoined account of his work during the year under review:-^' 

^ Like all its predecessors, the year has neither been all joy nor all sorrow ; not entire 
success, nor yet utter failure. But on the whole, we have great reason to be thankful ^' 
our sorrows have been light when compared with oiu: joys ; and our trials are hanflf * 
to be named when we recount our mercies. 

''The Sunday services, sabbath school, and weekly prayer-meetings have been kept^^ 
up without interruption. By these means we have tried to keep our own hearts zxS^ 
those of our people in sympathy with the great work ; and, as oiu: chapel is situated oit^i 
the road-side, hundreds and even thousands of heathen stopping to listen have heanf ^ 
the Word and passed on. In many cases, no doubt, these words, like seeds dropped 
by the wayside, fell upon hard soil ; but when the final reckoning is made, we trust' 
it may be found that some seeds fell on good ground, and brou^^t forth plenty vu&l 
good fruit ^ 

'' The new Girls^ School has been completed, and dedicated to the service of God and 
female education. It was examined by Government, and pronounced to be 'a most^ 
suitable and substantial building.' You will of course remember that the WomanVi; 
Board gave us an appropriation for the schoolhouse onlv, not for the dormitories^'* 
But a government grant in aid of the schoolhouse will enaole us to meet the expense 
of the dormitories, cook-house, walls, &a j 

'' With our new accommodations our numbers have been greatly increased. Thei# 
are now in the boarding-school thirty girls and a number of day-scholars. In Ad^: 
boys' school we have twelve boarders and also a number of day-scholars. The dq^ 
scholars, both boys and girls, are constantly changing, so that it is difficult to say joslp 
how many attend. Two years ago it was with difncuTty that we could persuade pazent^- 
to let their girls come into the school ; now we refuse more than we take. On tiMi 
•first day of the new jrear we lost two girls by death, one by cholera,— a good rif^*^ 
strong and generally healthy. I baptized her only three months ago; and she £ed;^ 
trusting and rejoicing in Jesus. .1 

"There is at present a great demand for village schools ; but lack of teachers and'^ 
money limits our efforts in this direction to four schools. These are doing fairly welL^ 

'' By a new division of work, or rather of field, about which I believe Mr. Bullard hai^ 
written vou, the Alloor church and part of the field now falls to my care. But as thit^ : 
change began only in October, I shall leave Mr. Bullard to report that field. Owing ' 
to the large amount of station-work in Nellore, it was found impossible for the mis* 
sionary to do justice to the more distant villages. My field is now confined to the*. ' 
Nellore country ; and although my most distant village is less than twenty-five miles- 
from Nellore, the whole taluq is densely populated, and will occupy every momenta 
of time I can possibly spare for touring. 

" Our preachers and colportors have steadily pursued their work, travelling from vik' 
lage to village, scattering the good seed by word of mouth and the printed page. 

" In May I was taken ill with bilious fever, which was followed by severe nervous pro»^* 
tration. As soon as I had sufficiently recovered, I was urged to go to the hills at once.* 
On reaching the cool mountain air I soon began to recover ; and in October I returned 
to Nellore in better health than I had known for two years. Whether this benefit will 
enable me to stand the test of another hot season, remains to be seen. 

E877-3 Mission to the Tehogoos. 219 

"Since the cool weather set iiii I have been over a \ax%<t section of my field ; and 
Kfore the hot weather begins, I hope to see it all. We found great suffeiing for want 
•& food ; and, I am sorry to say, found some who had gone back to the old life. Fre- 
lueot visits of the missionary to tliese outlying villa^s seems to be still a necessity ; 
Eence smaller fields and more men is a great desideratum. Our touring as well as 
much of our other work has not been of the reaping sort ; but we have sown the seed, 
tf not with tears, at least with sorrowful hearts, as we have looked out upon the vast 
mora! wastes ; and we trust we may yet reap with joy. But even if we never see the 
fruit of our labor in ingathered sheaves, we shall nevertheless labor on; for we 
'came not to baptize, but to preach the gospel.' 

'■ Our statistics are as follows : — 

" Baptized, 14,; restored, 3 ; dismissed by letter, t; excluded, i ; died, sjpresent 
number, 212 ; Sunday collections, Rs. 160.11.3." 

The stations of Nellore and Alloor have been united, the latter falling to Mr. Dow- 
nie; but as Mr. Bullard occupied that field till the ist of last October, hia separate 
wxount is appended, Mr, Bullard says : — • 

"In some parts of the work, want of means has compelled the missionary, very 
much against his desire, to practise retrenchment ; and he has had to turn away from 
calls which came from different parts of the field. This limited state of the finances, 
as well as the presence of cholera in the field, has led him to confine his labors almost 
entirely to the church and vicinity of Alloor. 

" Twice, however, the villages in the western part of the field were visited, where ia 
two laluqs {at counties) the work had already been commenced, and a preacher or 
teacher was residing. Had I not been obliged to go almost single-handed, and OB 
each occasion to make the visit as short as possible, much more might have been ac> 
complished, and fruit might have been gathered which had to be left untouched. The 
out-station at Athmakoor, and the school at Goondamudagool, though maintained a 
part of the year, have been virtually closed for six months. In both of these places, 
however, there are many promising indications \ and a few, it is hoped, are believing, 
vA they are now asking for baptism. 

" The work in connection with the church in Alloor has been particularly interesting. 
Indeed, we may say that during the greater part of the year there has been a decided 
wakening among the people, and a work of grace has been going on which, we trust, 
»iU not cease until the entire village and neighborhood shall have been reached by its 
happy influence. Early in the year a new interest became manifest. Larger numbers 
attended the house of worship, and a solemn spirit of inquiry prevailed among the 
people. Prayer-meetings were held from house to house in the Malapalem, with good 
interest ; and one after another of those who hitherto had been utterly indifferent to 
or openly opposed to Christianity came professing repentance, and faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ. Not many at a time, but a few every month since, have been received 
into the church, and the interest is only beginning. Four members have died, two of 
diolera. K. Narasimah, who a year ago was ordained pastor of the churcli, having 
been by mutual consent transferred to another field of labor, the church have chosen 
lad ordained in his place M. Appiah, who has been during the last three years con- 
nected with the mission as a preacher. 

" Reference has been made to ilie work ia the western part of the field ; and as we 
hope to give it more attention hereafter, allow me in conclusion to State more particu- 
Irly our wants in that region. The aim is to establish a mission, and eventually a 
church, in each taluq and central point in this part of the district. Already an out- 
; nation has been commenced in Athmakoor, and a school in Goondamudagool. What 
WE now need is, 1st, a number of men especially prepared, who shall reside in and 
work in these localities, men capable of managing out-stations, and who shall, as soon 
. sa churches are organized, be ordained pastors, A few such are preparing for the 
' *ork, and will be ready in a few months. We must provide for their support, which 
' for some time to come must be secured in part, if not wholly, from Christians abroad. 
The average cost of support for a man and his family is about seven rupees a month. 

220 Sixty-Third Annual Report, Lfulji 

that is, Tikioyit fifty dollars currency a year ; and this amount we expect to give thenu 
2ii, We need a few buildings in these places which shall be sufficiently protected to 
allow of the missionary's stopping in them a few days at a time. From want of sucb 
a stopping-place, I have often been compelled to cut short a tour, and iieglect impeii 
tant calls. These buildings should be erected, of course, only in the out-stadons off 
important central localities, and would serve as chapel and schoolhouse both, and Hi 
the same time meet the wants of the missionary as stated above. The cost of sudl 
buildings would be about two hundred rupees each, and at least two are now needed 
in the western part of the field. These are our immediate wants, and we hope thil 
they will be supplied speedily, that we may be able to work with success among tho9(^ 
thousands of people for whom, as yet, so little has been done.'* 

The work assigned to Mr. Bullard in the new arrangement was to travel in that pait 
of the country bevond Nellore taluq or county, and form churches where a sufficieii 
number of Christians could be gathered, or in some of the more important centred 
Nellore county covers an area of 626 square miles, and contains over 200 villages ant 
a population of 179,769. The town of Nellore contains a population of 30,000, aal 
b the capital of the entire district It is the distributing point for the whole district 
a circumstance which makes the missionary liable to constant interruption. It alatt 
contains a large European and Eurasian population, with which it is impossible not Id 
mingle socially, and for which it has often been thought some religious provision ought 
to be made. Besides, the native church and schools, especially the new boardingn 
school, and the new church and school at Alloor, will crowd the hands of the missionary 
in town. 

Beyond Nellore county there are two entire cotmties, and parts of two others, wholly 
destitute of missionary labor. Both in area and population the region mentioned is 
double those of the former. This would be a sufficient reason for making two distinct 
departments, but the fields are distinct in a more fundamental respect The i^on of 
Athmakoor, Rapoor, and Udiagheery counties differ greatly from the rice-fields of 
Nellore. It is literally impossible to work there with men from the former place, wid( 
due regard to health and life. 

Besides, in Nellore county and towards the south the majority of the poorer class 
consist of Malas, while in the north and west the majority consist of Madagas. TlM 
latter are the people from whom such a large number of converts have been gathered! 
Efforts have been made to reach these people with men from Nellore, that is, Mal^ 
and they have failed. Christians of all castes mingle, but the caste heathen cannot 
be reached by Christians gathered from another caste. 

These are the principal reasons assigned by Mr. Bullard for the division of laboi 
adopted between Mr. Downie and himself. He states that, since the division has been 
made, men of the Madaga caste have jdned him from Ongole and Ramapatam, and 
are working successfully. Mr. Bullard says : — 

" In October and November last I spent several weeks in Athmakoor, and we were 
much encouraged by what we saw among the people. Three were baptized ; seven! 
offered themselves as candidates, but were not received. We hope, however, that some 
of them are true believers. The school at Goondamudagool has been continued, and 
has had an attendance of about 20 scholars. 

" There are four other central points which I hope to see occupied with a practical 
force, and in each of which a church will probably be formed. Each of these out-st» 
tions has a hundred villages and a population of about 75,000, and they are all situated 
on the high roads to Nellore. These places are Athmakoor and Anantaragrum on th^ 
north bank of the Pennair River, and Puddulcoor and Survapully on the south. To 
travel and carry on the work in these four out-stations will require, exclusive of build 
ings, Rs. 2,400 a year ; and it would do more harm than good to commence the woric in 
all of them unless we can be sure of such an appropriation." 

These are good plans, and would doubtless secure great results ; but where is tin 
mcney coming from ? Mr. Bullard reports the statistics of the Alloor branch of th< 
field : I church, 8 baptisms, i restored, 2 died, 4 excluded ; present number, loo 
These statistics cover only six months, from March 31 till Sept. 30, 1876. 

1877-1 Mission to tkt Teloogoos. 

^ Mr. Clough gives his usual clear and succinct account of his station for the year 
bider review, the substance of which we gi\-e below : — 

% " One native preacher died at his post thirty-five miles north of Ongole in Septem- 
ber. Two preachers and one colportor who had spent part of his time preaching 
Smlunleered to go with Brother Drake to Kurnool. They left here early in July. 
( *■ Three from our Normal School who have been teachers of village schools for some 
jhme have been added to the list of preachers : hence we dose the year with the samo 
jJWmber we had at the beginning, 30. 

I "We have had schools with varied success in 26 villages, some of which are 90 
" ilts from Ongole. These of course do not include , the schools in Ongole. There 
e have had Ti) one day school, with an average attendance of 25 scholars, (2) the 
'ornial School, supported by the Woman's Baptist Missionary Society with 59"Scholara 
[ from ti to as j'cars of age, with an average of about 30; {3) the Ongole Girls' 
chool, sustained by the Woman's Missionary Society of the West. The whole num- 
_ er on the roll of this Girls' Soliool for the whole year is 6z ; but on account of the 
Blness of some or of their parents, and the marriage of others, the average attendance 
Nias only 40. 

" By the aid of a friend in America, new schoolhouses, which also serve as meeting- 
bouses, in about a dozen new villages which are centres of populous districts, have 
been erected. In most cases the Christians bear one-half or more of the expense. In 
quite a number of places schoolhouses have been built wholly by the Christians. 

College Campus, 

"Oct 30, according to the instructions of the Secretary of the Ameiican Baptist 

'Uissiooary Union, I gave over charge of the Ongole Teloogoo CoSlege Campus, and 

tf that pertained thereto, to Brother Loughridge, I was the more glad to do this, 

(i) because Brother Loughridge is on the ground, and has leisure to look after the 

trection of the building; besides, he is a teacher born, and proposes to spend his life 

in giving to the Christian Teloogoos a college, (2) My legitiraale work occupies 

ill of my time; hence I have no leisure to superintend any thing which other hands, 

bat are both able and willing, can relieve me of, especially the erection of such 

tilensive buildings as are required there. The college property which I turned over 

to Brother Loughridge cost Rs. 905.2.2, and is now worth much more money. This 

iiini was provided for by the liberality of Brother Thomas Franklin and one or two 

ethers, and is a bona-fidt %\ix to the Missionary Union. 

"We fully expect Mr. Loughridge will make the Teloogoo College such a success, 

at Jesus will be glorified through it, the Christian Teloogoos elevated, the churches 

lOi^ened, and the Woman's Baptist Missionary Society honored. That soci- 

h for the money which they have forwarded for this object, have the keartfelt thanks 

fall our missionaries and of tliousands of native Christians. 

I have travelled from place to place during the last year, as formerly, I thus spent 
ibout three months going from village to village on my pony, or in my tent. 

" Since the middle of September last, much of my time has been spent in writing up 
the famine which is now upon us. Quires of paper were sent to the Madras news- 
papers and officials and friends during the last three months of 1875. God blessed 
" y efSorts, and Government waked up, 

"Relief works have been started in different parts of this and Kurnool districts, and 
»ork has been commenced all along the East Coast Canal, which extends the entire 
Icngtli of the Kellore District, and rice has been imported by Government and private 
orties ; so tliat it looks now as though the hves of most of our native Christians may 
be jjreserved, though cholera, brought on by privation in many cases, is carrying off 
ttany, God only can see the end ; but we intend to fight on and pray on as long as 
Ibere is any thing left of us, and the result will honor Jesus. 
"I fully believe that when the famine is over, if not before, there will be such a turn- 

222 Sixty-Third Afmual Report. [Jufy, 

ing to Jesus, such a casting-away of idols and BrahmiQism, as India has never befanj 
seen. Hence I am not discouraged : far from it 

Tlie religious statistics of the church for the year 1876 are : Baptized, 656; 
b^ experience, 2 ; restored, 4 ; died, 52 ; exduded, 38 ; present number, 3,4^, m 
siding in 287 different villages. 

OngoU Statist CoBq^ 

The progress of the work on the new buildings for this projected institution is 
explained by Mr. Loughridge : — 

''On the 30th of October last I received your letter informing me of the conunittee^ 
vote assigning to me the duty of openinc^ the Ongole College work. The collection 
materials was commenced in July, and Sept 9 the first stones were laid. From f 
date the work has gone steadily but slowly forward. The plan which was sent to 
Rooms two years ago was abandoned as undesirable, since Uie quiet and privacy ni 
sary for a home, especially in this climate, could not be secured by building schodt 
ana teacher's residence in close proximity. This plan of separate building was ad( 
by the committee in charge of the seminary work at*Ramapatam, and experience 
proved the course a wise one. The cost will not be greater. The style of Duilding 
unanimously indorsed by the brethren at a meeting in July last at RamapataoL 

"The Government of Madras is accustomed to make grants to such institutiottl| 
equal to one-half of the whole cost In accordance with mis rule we made appEf^j 
tion to Government for a grant of Rs. 5,500 towards the college buildil%. It mpi 
deemed best for me to go directly to Madras, and see the proper officers personaO^i 
This I did in February, and hope the visit will be successful in securii^ thegran^ 
though it is impossible to state positively now. I found the director of public instnio*^ 
tion a pleasant gentleman, and he was interested in our plans. 

" This uncertainty has delayed my report, for I desired to lay the matter fuUy be&Hi 
you when I wrote, and I am sorry to be compelled to write now without that defini|f^^ 
information which is desirable. If we receive this grant, the whole building can te 
completed now ; but if not, then only a part can be finished with oiu: present 
The walls of the bungalow are now finished, and those of the college so far as we 
build with present money will be raised by the time you receive this letter. 

" The wide-spread famine which is now so seriously affecting the Presidencies |)E 
Madras and Bombay where the Governments are now feeding about 1,200,000 peop^ 
on relief-works, will materially interfere with our building-operations. The ordinal^ 
wages of laborers (six cents a day for men, and four cents for women and boys) ii 
sufficient to buy food in ordinary seasons ; but now that prices have risen from 200 Ij^^ 
400 per cent above usual rates, I have been compelled to increase wages in order thiit 
the workmen may buy sufficient food. This additional cost, with higher rates foif 
materials and cartage, will make our buildings cost perhaps Rs. 1,000 more than woul^ 
otherwise be required for their completion. This is the dark side of the picture, (m 
the other hand, I have been able to give constant employment to a lar^e number cf 
poor Christians who would otherwise be in the greatest distress in their villages." 


The past year has been a very trying one for this field. In consequence of repaiif 
upon buildings, the changes of missionaries, and the famine distress, there was litlfe 
progress in direct-mission work. Mr. Newhall writes : — 

'* In March Mr. Timpany and family took their departure for America, leaving the 
work in my hands only three months after my arrival upon the field. The difficulties 
of such a situation can be understood by those only who have experienced AeoL 
With very little understanding of Indian life and customs, not yet having becmiMk 
inured to the oppressive climate and strange food, having no command of the languagi^ 
and with scarcely any opportunity for observation as to the usual methods of conduoip 
ing mission-work, the situation was indeed trying. It is to be hoped, however, AH 
the cause has suffered no more than would be inevitable anywhere under similar dr 

77-1 Mission to the Tehogoos. 323 

nstances. For a time I was able to cominunicate with the people only through an 
erpreter. But this indirect and unsatisfactory method has gradually given place to 
: use of the vernacular, so that at the close of the year I find myself able to converse 
:h the people, to a limited extent, in their own tongue. In my new work I derived 
raluable assistance fram my associate missionary, Miss M. A. Wood, who came to 
; station early in the year to engage in school work, and who since the middle of 
ly last has been at my side, and is henceforth to be my constant companion and in- 
•pensable helper in every department of the work. 

Ifu Station. 
"Most of the repairs and changes that were in progress or in contemplation when 
r, Timpany left were completed by Aug. i. The chapel, which is also our school- 
use, is now in good condition for many years' service. Our bungalow, which was 
Tnerly in part Miss Peabody's schoolroom, has also been repaired so that it now 
brds a suitable protection from the hot winds and glare of the sun, which are so 
ngerous to Europeans in Southern India, Our accommodations for native people 
; by no means adequate ; but, considering the large amount of money already 
inted us for building-purposes, we feel disposed to put up with our present incon- 
We always have in the station a few families who are employed as gener- 
n helpers. Beside accommodations for these, we need a few extra houses for 
; preachers and others who visit the station quarterly or oflener, comhig from dis- 
ices of five to seventy miles. But the majority of native people in the station are 
re to attend the schools. 

"The mission school work is a very important part of the duty of the missionaries 
ile in the station. It consists of two departments, — the general station school, 
Ji a boarding department for boys, all of which is under the charge of Mrs. New- 
II ; and the girls' boarding-school, which is under the charge of our associate mis- 
aaij. Miss L. Peabody. 

'When Mr. Timpany left. Miss Peabody went with him to Madras, to take a course 
medical study, leaving her school in charge of Miss Wood, who for seven months 
\ charge of the entire school work of the station. Early in October, Miss Peabody 
UTTied to ber work, with valuable acquisitions of medical knowledge, leaving Mrs. 
nrhalt free to devote her whole attention to the boys' school and the schools in the 

"We r^Tctted very much the interruption of the course o£ study in the boys' school, 
account of the repairs upon the buildings. As soon as possible, however, the scat- 
red fragments were brought together ; and, through Mrs. Newhall's energies, some- 
mg like systematic regularity has been restored. Very much more, however, needs 
t to be done before this school will be what we ought to have to meet the demands 
the field. Our means for this department of our work are exceedingly limited. 
"Demands are frequently made upon us for a teacher in some village, with a 
onise to feed htm ; but the teacher is not forthcoming, and the request must be 
:nied. We especially commend this subject to the attention of our brethren and 
siers in America. Tiie number enrolled during the past year is 31 boys and men, 
id 9 (married) women. 

"The girls' boarding-school, supported by the Woman's Society of the West, has 
xn in a prosperous condition throughout the year. The number enrolled has been 40. 

7%e Fidd, 
"The Christians distributed among eighty different villages, in numbers varying from 
e to fifty in each case, are all members of the Ramapatam church, except those in 
: vicinity of Kumbaldiny, where another church was formed a few years ago. We 
! sorry to say that they have not been very aggressive in their influence, nor have 
' labors of the preachers been so fruitful as we could desire. Realizing that the 
istaat attention of the missionaries and frequent visits to the villages were the only 

224 Sixty-Third Annual Report. LJulji 

sure means of keeping things where they ought to be, we were looking forward with 
some impatience to the time when we could begin to travel. 

" After waiting for the monsoon until December, we ventured out upon a short tripL 
We took men to draw our bandy, fearing that we could not feed the oxen. We visited 
eight villages to the north-west, in a circuit of about eighty-six miles. The bare fiel^ 
empty tanks, and dry wells, the houses made roofless to feed the surviving cattle wiA 
the thatch, and the gaunt and haggard looks of the people standing in daily fears ^ 
starvation on the one hand and cholera on the other, were enough to stir our sympi^ 
thies to their very depths. But we were graciously preserved from the dangers all 
around us. The most difficult thing to manage was the urgent requests for assistance^ 
which met us everywhere. Of course we had to deny most of them, ha^ng notfaii^ 
from which to draw for that purpose except our private funds. '^' 

" The Christians upon the field, as a whole, seem to be holding out well. Some have 
TOne back to ' dead-meat ' and the worship of idols, but many resist all temptations to 
leave their faith, saying, that if they die from famine, so much the better : they will g|9 
to heaven, and be delivered from all further suffering. A part of our preachers se^ 
equal to the emergency, and succeed in keeping up the courage and faithfulness C| 
their flocks. Our Bible-women supported by the Woman's Society are showing them- 
selves a very efficient band of helpers, one or two of them doing the only preaching 
that the people hear. 

** The village schools have suffered greatly from the famine, parents withdrawing 
their children to assist them in finding leaves for the cattle or food for themselves , 
The number of village schools is 12. Average attendance of boys, 58 ; of girls, 40^ 
total, 98. * 

'^ The Kumbaldiny church is in good condition. Some are asking for baptism. In 
several other parts of the field, candidates are waiting for baptism, but cannot come in 
to receive it because they are unable to get food for the journey, or, what is worse, are 
too weak to walk such a distance. 

'^ Statistics : Ramapatam church, baptized, 12; died, 7; present number, 653. 
Kumbaldiny church, baptisms^ none ; died, 2 ; present number, 115 ; total membershn^ 

768." ™ 

■ "--r 



Rev. R. R. Williams, Rungiah and other natiTe tutors. '^ 

i 'ft 

'* The past year has been one of very sad experience not only to me, but to the 
seminary also. Perhaps few have ever commenced a year's "work with brighter pn^ 
pects than we ; but very soon a dark cloud arose, so dense that I felt that surely thiy 
night had come, that my hopes were all blasted. The first term was one of great su^ 
cess. The students haa excellent health, and were full of enthusiasm. They pass^^ 
such examinations at the close of the seminary year as to make us feel proud of thein,ti^ 

" Mrs. Williams gave all her time to the seminary, which was greatly appreciated by J 
the students, and invaluable help to me. We felt that our days of darkness were pas^ 
and that we were now ready to do the work to which we had given our lives. 
alas! the second term opened with great changes. That greatly beloved teacher'j 
chair was vacant : her welcome voice was no longer heard. All felt sad and dejec 
realizing to some extent the great loss which the seminary had sustained. 

" The question was. Who will take her classes? I felt that my work was already 
hard for me, in my poor health and deep affliction. We had more classes than evef 
before ; for many new students were present, swelling our number to one hundred 
We divided the work among the native teachers as far as we could, and I took tb 
balance myself. God gave strength of body, and faith in his promise, to commen 
the work, and has sustained me in a most wonderful degree. 

'' I have taught, much of the time, six hours a day, in addition to preparing 01/ 
lectures in Teloogoo, which required much hard work. I have also preached onc^j 
every sabbath in our chapel. The many cares necessarily connected with the sem^ 
nary have greatly increased my burdens, particularly in the last few months. In 

'77-^ Mission to tfu Teleogoos. 225 

Eisequence of the dreadliil famine I have found it necessary to supply the students 
th grain, which has been much trouble, and sometimes has caused me much anxiety. 
It God has given strength for all. The seminary is prospering in every respect, 
ve financially. Prices are fearful, — more than four times the ordinary rates,— 
lich makes the students' food very scanty. They have enjoyed most excellent 
alih during the whole year. They have done much hard work, and made grand 
ogress, as a whole. 

" We have three faithful and efficient teachers. My helper, Rev. Rungiah, is one 
the noblest Christian men I have ever known. I feel that God has blessed the 
minaiy in giving such a man to mould the coming ministry. He is an able preacher, 
e-eminently godly, and has a model family. The Other teachers are young men of 
perior ability and sterling piety. 

" I wish the dear brethren in America could only see our teachers and students, 
id hear them for themselves. I am sure they would give more and more for this 
eat work of educating the native ministry. They. are really our only hope for exten- 
rc work. Missionaries come out, and soon have to return to their native land. 
Dt so with these : they toil on, outliving three or four generations of missionari^. 
"The teachers and students have done much preaching during the year. We have 
ason to believe that many have heard the word from their lips, and will swell the 
nnber who will praise the Redeemer forever. 

"finally, God has laid his hand upon us, but with the affliction he has given us 
ace. We are not discouraged, though sorrowful. Our faith and hope in God's 
omises were never greater. God will take care of the seminary, for it is his own 
itk. The teachers and students are all his own." 


The healdt of Mr. and Mrs. Campbell has been good during the year, and they are 
tting the work well oi^nized. The Committee deeply regret that they have not 
en able to appropriate money for a compound and the necessary buildings, which 
iBt be secured before the mission can be regarded as firmly established. In conse- 
lence of the strict regulations of the Anglo-Indian church in regard to consecrated 
oying-grounds, Mr. Campbell has accepted a grant of half an acre of ground, and 
died it in as a mission burying-ground. 

" Although the Lord has blessed us, we have not been without our trials. During the 
re part of the year our little church, while in its very |^rm, was tried and sSted. 
itan could not be contented to see this branch planted without trying to sap its life. 
K thing after another came heaping up until the burden was one of great anxiety to 
i The school and all shared in the conflict. Three were excluded, and one of these 
had previously thought would be our main helper. But the Lord disposeth, and we 
low he does all things well. It is safe to trust his guidance. 

"In September the Teloc^oo missionaries commenced the publication of a bi- 
)iitfaly periodical, called 'The Teloogoo Baptist.' We have long felt the need of 
me such publication for our Teloogoo Christians. We hope to make it a means for 
> advancement of the Lord's work here. While my time has been somewhat occu- 
•d with this, I have endeavored to have it interfere as little as possible with my 
ler mission-work. 

"The school has been continued during the year, with the exception of the vaca- 
ns. In this Mrs. Campbell experiences some difficulty in the instability of the 
lolars. But it has already been blessed of God, by bringing forth fruit This is 
s. Campbell's work ; and she will give her own report She will also report the 
iday-school work, of which she has charge. 

'I>uring the rainy season in July and August, I met my preachers daily for Bible 
:nicdon. We took up the Gospel of John, and went over about half of it 
' In the first part of Uie year, before the hot weather commenced, I made one tour 
rbich Mrs. Campbell accompanied me. After the cool season began, b^tote. xVii 

226 Sixty-Third Annual Report. [July 

close of the year, I made three tours of from ten to seventeen days each. On these 
tours my native preachers accompanied me. Besides these, they have been out two oi 
three times by themselves. 

" I will add one or two incidents, by which you will get a better idea of the work 
On one occasion, when a large number were listening, one or two conceived the id« 
of breaking up the little gathering. This they did by going a little distance around i 
comer, and in an instant returning and calling one after another away. All left, o« 
by one, except an old man, and they tried to get him away. After rebuking one of the 
young men, who was a little distance from us, for his folly, we went our way. 

*' On the other hand, there are incidents showing interest One evening we hsui 
been talking to a large number, who had been listening well, until it was nearly dark 
As we were going away, one of them kindly asked us li we did not want some one tc 
show us the way. Such a question we seldom hear. One morning a man ofiEered nu 
a native cigar, lighted ready for use (nearly all smoke). I kindly said that I had nc 
use for it But he manifested his kindness. The people have much more frequend] 
repeated after us the name of Jesus, this year than last Sometimes they sav, ' Whei 
we learn more we will believe.' These simple incidents will give you some idea ctf dM 
spirit we meet among the people. Taking a general view of this part of the work, ] 
see progress which is really encouraging. 

''I have already written to you about the conversion of the first three from amoof 
the heathen. They did not come out without opposition from Satan. The sudras ot 
their village told them that if they came to Secunderabad, the white folks would sacri 
fice them to the railway-cars to make them go fast. But these three said, 'If we di^ 
we die; if we live, we live: but we are going.' They did come; and may God hdb 
them always to overcome Satan! During the year, two scholars in Mrs. Campbell^ 
boarding-school, and some from among the European soldiers and Eurasians, hav« 
been gathered in. 

*' We have at the close of the year, four native preadiers, a male and a itanfk 
school-teacher, and a colportor. Two of the preachers joined us during the yeai 
They are all good, faithful workers. They have been detained from work a little lb| 
illness, but have generally been at their post, and anxious for the salvation of soul| 
When not out in the distnct they work in Secunderabad and the surrounding villages 
When here, they give me daily reports of their work. I have often been pleased witf 
the answers they have been able to give the scoffers. The Lord has generally givei 
them the victory. 

*' We love our field and our work. Pray with us for the blessing of the Lord to resl 
upon his cause here." 

Statistics : Baptized, Z2 ; received on experience, a; received by letter, z ; excluded, 
3 ; dismissed 'by letter, 2 ; present number, 27. 4 

We give a brief account of the schools in Secunderabad. The Day School vfzs ocfDi[ 
tinued until Ihe holidays without interruption. Mrs. Campbell taught three hours | 
day, and the native teachers, without any absence because of sickness, did their woii 
ifaithfully. All who could read among the boarding and day scholars were required ^ 
learn seven verses a week from the Bible ; those who could not read, as many as thq^ 
could learn by repeating them after the teacher, who repeated them over and over tiij 
the scholars could say them without help. Generally the heathen children do vm 
object to learn from the Bible, especially those from the poorer classes. A few froi 
caste people try to avoid it, and would do so if Mrs. Campbell did not require it al| 
them. There are 51 day pupils ; average attendance, about 30. 

Boarding School, — Mrs. Campbell has charge of the buying of all the food for 
boarding-pupils, and gives it out daily as is required ; also of the bu3dng, cutting, 
making of their clothes. The girls and boys are learning to sew and do 
kinds of useful work, and to keep themselves and the house neat and clean. Numi 
of boarding pupils, 13, of whom two have been baptized. There are two natili 

Sabbath School. — The sabbath school consists principally of the boarding-sdudafl 

ii77•^ Missions to thi Chinest. 227 

and church-members. The preachers often go out early in the morning, and gather in 
» many heathen children as they canj but often they have some excuse, and will not 
come. The day scholars are urged to attend ; but only a few of them ever come near 
fte house on Sunday. The scholars recite the verses ihey have learned in the school 
during the week. Some repeat many verses. One little girl about six years old has 
fcamed 177 verses during the year. The teachers also leara a lesson ; and, after all 
iave recited, a few moments are spent in conversing about the lesson. Mrs. Campbell 
fliten asks them to tell her one thing they have learned that did thero real good. It is 
iinteresting to hear them quote various passages, with a few of their own thoughts about 
Ak toeaiiing. 


' Mr. Drake reached Kumool on the nth of August last, and immediately made the 
l.lBSt arrangement he could for living and for the accommodation of his associates. 
The Committee was not able to provide funds for a house nor for a chapel, which are 
,iBnch needed. After reaching the field he expressed the belief that God has a great 
;l)lessing in store for the people of Kumool. " We should not entertain 3 doubt in 
wgard to the success of the work. I have not come here to experiment. J feel that 
tte Lord has brought me here to do a work for him, and I want to be found in my 

! Before the close of the year he was permitted to see the first fruits of the harvest 
lie has gone forth to gather. He baptized twenty-two converts in December, and 
;^aks of others who seem to be interested. "I think," he says, "there are many 
jtroly believing already, but I am waiting to see how they continue to manifest their 
'bterest- ... I think there will be many who desire baptism in a few months. They 
isk for it now, but I fear liiey may be influenced by the hard times with the hope that 
liome relief may come to them. Those already baptized show a real interest, and seem 
;tp be making good progress. They are much scattered, as they have to go a long 
'disiance to their villages to their rehef works. The new station gives promise of much 

I The whole number of baptisms among the Teloogoos in 1876 was 724; and the 
tDUl number of members in die churches, Dec. 31, was 4,394. 


tuGXOK (SiAM). — Rev. WiLLUM DEAN, D.D., and wife. 5 churches; 9 nativo preaehera, i of whom are 

ftriTOW. — Rev. S, B. PARTitiriCE and wife. Rev. W. K. McKtbhen and wife. Miss A. M. Fieldb, Miis Mary 
, E, Thompson ; Rev. Willmm A^HMORE, D.D., andwife, in Ihe United States. 15 out-siations ; 15 native 
. pieacho!, 3 of whom ace ocdaJncd ; 3n Ilible-wDmeD. 

kntcro. — Rev. J, R. Goddakd and wife, Kev. M. A. Churchill, Rev. E. C. Lord, D,D., Dr. S. P. Bar- 
CHETacd wife. Mis. L. A. KHowLiOn in the United States, q churches; ij native prcacheis ; 3 colponors ; 
. 1 Bible-woman \^ day schools for boyi, ;i pupils ; and 1 tuarding'schoul foe girls, pupils, 33. 
faAHViKG.— Rev. Roracb Jknkims, Mrs. Jenkins in Ihe United States. 3 churches ^ 6 ouMtalions ; 6 native 
' jnachcn ; 3 colpottocs. 


Dr. Dean left Bangkok in April, 1876, and landed in this country in June. He 
^nt about six months in his native land, was heard in many of our pulpits and in 
krious religious gatherings ; and, after being permitted to mingle with family and otJier 
lear friends, he embarked at San Francisco on his return Nov. 1, He reached Bang- 
Eok on the 19th of December, in good health and refreshed in spirit During his 
fcsence Mrs. Dean was very ill of typhoid fever, but had recovered before his return. 
L few days after his return he says : " I find some of our flock scattered, as might be 
■pected. Two of our members from Ku-Buang were in chains for a charge of evading 
le claims of the revenue officer ; but, this charge not being proved, I had them liberated 
nd sent home ; and last sabbath, as I came out of the chapel at Wat-Koh, I found two 
uvants of one of our members roped in a line of twenty Chinese, whom the officers had 
St taken up for n^ecdng to pay their triennial poll-tax. I became responsible that 

228 Sixty-Third Annual Report. \ 

the two men should appear at the office and pay their tax on Monday when 
were untied and sent home. Once in three years each Chinaman in the kingd< 
required to pay to the Government three dollars ; and if they wait to be spprehe 
it costs them a deal more. Still many of the foolish men will wait, with the vain 
of evading the tax, and finally pay a premium for being apprehended by the ofiE 
and suffer the disgrace of being in chams for a night 

** The church at Ku-Buang is still suffering from the influence of the Roman C 
lies ; and the new church at Pak-Lin has not yet erected the chapel. They say 
is some hitch about the Government permit for the ground, on the plea that it wa 
legal title to the pretended donor to the church. I give you these facts, that you 
not think of us more highly than vou ought to think. The cause is the Lord's 
the Lord knoweth them that are nis, and his work is soon to prevail, however : 
may be the trial to our faith and patience. 'The. everlasting God Jehovah fai 
not, neither is weary.' Therefore we need not faint ; but if £e old apostles had 
to say, ' Lord, increase our faith,' we may well repeat the prayer; and the Maste 
occasion to sav to us, ' If ye had faith like a grain of mustard-seed,' ye might do 
for the salvation of the world. If we could throw ourselves on the arm of the ] 
we should be sustained ; if we trust his word, the work will be done. 

" Congregations in Bangkok. — Since my return I have sent another preach 
Lengkia-Chu, and the young man who was a member of my Bible-class has gone 
to Ku-Buang. Our Sabbath congregations here in Bangkok are not as laige as 
used to be, and there seems a falTing-off in the pecuniary support of the churches 
one of the old preachers has |;one into secular employment, thus sympathizing 
some of the churches and mimsters in the United States." 

In speaking of several funerals he had been called on to attend, he adds : " 
some of the native members of the several churches of our mission, and some 1 
have fallen lower than into the grave. One of the members compares some other i 
bers to Moses when he came down from Mount Sinai with the tables of stone i 
hands, and threw them down and brake them all at the foot of the mountain ; i.e., 
have broken all the commandments of the Lord together. I fear that the compa 
is too true concerning some of them who profess to have been up the hill of God 
seen his face, and heard his words. Others seem to hold on their way, and to 
clean hands, and to grow stronger and stronger." 

There are no statistics. The whole number reported last year was 3x7. 


Mr. Partridge reports for this mission that all its members were greatly d 
pointed by the detention of Dr. Ashmore and Mrs. Ashmore in this country, 1 
they were encouraged by the arrival of Miss Thompson in good headth. He sp 
gratefully of the good health of the members of the mission, though he has somet 
feared that he would be obliged to give up for a time, and seek rest At the tim 
presenting his report he hoped he would be able to remain at his post a year long 

He says that the school work in the compound has been successful. " A scl 
house for the boys has been built during the year. It is 91 feet x 28, one story 1 
well built, comfortable and convenient for the purpose for which it is intended, ha 
accommodations for twenty pupils ; and this number can easily be obtained, 
school is intended only for the children of Christian parents. The native teachei 
been many years a member of the church. Miss Fielde has thus far had the e 
supervision of the ;jchool ; but I am happy to state that after the Chinese New ' 
(Feb. 13), Mrs. McKibben is to take charge of the school, thus relieving Miss Fi 
of a portion of her too heavy burden. At our last church meeting here, at Kak ( 
three of the school-boys were applicants for baptism. 

" The girls' school, under the supervision of Mrs. Partridge, has continued succes 

] Missions to the Chinese. 229 

school, like that for the boys, is intended only for the children of Christian 
its. The matron who has the care of the girls out of school hours is a Christian 
in, and has for three years during which she has been employed given good 
action. The girls, under the guidance of the matron, do all the work connected 
the school, such as the cooking, washing clothes, sweeping, &c. In addition to 
rdinary studies, the girls are instructed in sewing and in cleanliness. They are 
ig very satisfactory progress in their studies, and once in two months pass 
table examinations. During the year, Mr. McKibben and Mrs. Partridge have 
d the pupils in singing, with very marked success. 

f iss Fielde has continued her work with Bible-women, having twenty employed. 
B women are sent out, two and two, to stations already established^ or to villages 
5 vicinity of stations, where they rent rooms for two months or more, and teach 
ler women the truths they have themselves learned. By this means very many, 
I it would be impossible to reach otherwise, now hear the gospel. The good 
:s of this work amon^ the women are already manifest, and the importance of the 
cannot be over-rated. 

L new out-station has been established this year, under the supervision of Mr. 
ibben, in the market town of Lai P'u Sua, in the district of yio Pengy about 
five miles northerly from Swatow. The people in that vicinity seem well-disposed, 
re generally friendly in their relations with the preachers. Mr. McKibben has 
ned two young men there, and we hope through their efforts to extend our work 
farther in that direction. We had rented the house for one year for twelve 
-s ; but, as the owner wished to go to Singapore, he offered to sell it to us for 
loUars additional, — sixty-two dollars in all, — and we accepted his offer. Since 
^parture to Singapore, his brother has made us some trouble, claiming that the 
iras irregular. The matter has been referred to the authorities, and we hope 
to have peaceable possession of the premises. 

.nother station has been opened at K^k JCoi^ in the district of Kit le^ the 
ises to be paid for one year from the contributions of the church-members, 
al persons &om that vicinity have been baptized during the year, and there are 
; who have applied for baptism, but have been advised to wait until they have a 
thorough knowledge of the truths they profess to believe. 

Te have thirteen out-stations where the gospel is regularly preached, besides the 
1 at Swatow, and two additional stations occupied by Bible-women.' There have 
baptisms at every communion season during the year, here at Kak Chie ; and on 
ccasion eight persons were baptized at one of the out-stations. 
Te have corrected the church roll during the year ; and by formal vote excluded 
persons whose names have for years remained on the roll, but whose faces have 
^n seen in the Lord's house for two, three, or more years, and whose general 
tct has been such as to prove that they were not of us. 

1 the district of Kit le the Roman Catholics have done us harm, and have led 
some members of our flock. These members have been excluded. The number 
>se excluded is therefore greater than in previous years. Notwithstanding our 
, there has been an increase in our numbers^ and, we trust, a still greater increase 
»ngth and efficiency. 

he out-stations have been visited by your missionaries more frequently than in 
r years. The necessity for such visits, and the good resulting therefrom, aie 
and more manifest. We need to see the assistants at their work, and to see the 
h-members at their homes, in order that we may wisely guide and instruct. 
am not able to give you the exact amount of the sums contributed by the native 
h-members ; but the chapel expenses, aside from the salaries of the preachers, 
in nearly every instance, been paid by the Christians. At one station, the 
:her supports himself by his labor during the week. At another, one dollar per 
h of the preacher's salary has been paid by the church-members. 
t give below a table of our statistics for the year." 

Sixty-Third' Annual' R^ert, 



ILak Chie uul Snm 


Mr. Churchill has, at his own suggestion, been transferred to Hang^ow, aad Mr. 
Goddard has been left with all the work of that branch of flw Ningpo station on his 
hands. In consequence of the care of so many chapeb devolving on him, he ha 
discontinued his theologicd class, which was of the highest importance to the success 
of the mission. Mr Goddard thus dwells on the lights and shadows of his work: — 

" Work is going on regularly at ^I the chapels ; and I have spent much time goii^ 
with one or two native preachers from village to village, where tiie gospel has sddon 
or never been preached. We are courteously received everywhere, and are able ta 
preach freely ; but we see few results. There are a few inquirers, some of whom w( 
hope will prove true disciples ; but my heart is pained, and I am often almost in 
despair, at the apathy of this people. They will not be saved, many of them, jnsl 
because they are so wrapped up in worldliness, so engrossed in the struggle for food 
and raiment, that they will give no thought to any thing b^ond. 

"Yet we are not leiEt wholly in despair. God has his chosen people here, aM An 
give as strong evidence of thorough conversion as any elsewhere. They are, indee^ 
'living epistles,' our 'joy and crown of rejoicing,' — few in numbers^ indeed, jd 
precious as the first fruits of what shall be in time an abundant harvest When tned 
and depressed by the indifference of the heathen, and the ignorance and the world- 
liness of many of the converts, I have been greatiy refreshed by &e strong, simplq 
faith and consistent life of these bumble and unlettered but sincere Christians." 

Dr. Lord is mostly coniined to the city, where he has chaige of two chapels, and i)* 
aided by three native preachers. Dr. mrchet looks after the work in that department 
outside of the city. He gives the following account of his field and of his work : — ' 

"You may have learned that I have endeavored to work inland, in a south^RS^ 
direction from Ningpo, and that my stations are Nying-kong^yiao, with its ont^ 
station Moh-K'ang, and Kong-k'eo with its out-station at Dong-ao. I also partly woAi 
the stations at Ningpo and Nen-meng-nga, making six stations in all. 

" Beginning with Ningpo, I may state that the work has been prosperous. Our me* 
ings have been fairly attended throughout the year. Souls have been added to At 
church ; and there are several inquirers, who, if they continue well, may ere long b^ 
received as visible members of Christ's church. The work at the North Gate, Ningn 
is really in Dr. Lord's care, and he pays the native helpers connected with this chnrdt 
and at Nen-meng-nga. I have only taken charge of the outdoor work, and give heit 
the statistics wiUi our other churches to give you a connected view of tiie whole. 

"The out-station at Nen-meng-nga I opened several years ago ; but, as we were il 
first only able to rent and then to lease a house, we were shifted from one place to; 
another. Last year I succeeded in buying suitable premises, which will, I doubt not;' 
greatly help to make the work permanent In connection with the Ningpo chunk 
were baptized last year, lo ; deaths, 3 ; present number of members, 70 ; contribution 
about $18. 

'* /i^in^-kong-gyitu. — The work in coimection with this church has not been maikei 

^^77-] Missions to t/u Chinese. 231 

lately with any spedal success, but prospects are beginning to look brighter. There 
ue at present three applicants for baptism. Besides preaching the gospel, a small 
day-school has been carried on, to enable the children of our native Christians to get 
a knowledge of Christian truths. 

"Received last year, by baptism, i ; excluded, 3 ; present number of members, 36 ; 
contributions, %ii; schools, i ; pupils, 8, 

^^Kong-Veo. — This little church manifests more spiritual life than that of Nying 
kong-gyiao. The native Christians are not ashamed to own the name of Jesus ; and, 
U aey are willing to do something for the cause of Christ, we cannot doubt but that 
Cod has blessings in store for them. We are encouraged by seeing an increasing 
Spirit of inquiry and by a number of applicants far baptism. 

"One of these applicants, a tailor by trade, I visited a little more than a fortnight 
igo, when I found him working with his needle, and reading at the same time a gospel 
tract to his neighbors who were standing round him. 1 was the more pleased to see 
diis, as he could not possibly have known of my coming. 

" I may mention another case of a widow woman, who has likewise given proof of 
!ier sincerity as a believer in Christ Whilst recently laying the foundation of her 
new house, she, to the surprise of friends and relations, discarded all idolatrous cere- 
monies. In building a house, it is usual to choose a lucky day, and to ask the favor of 
the god of the ground. She decided to do neither, but invited instead our assistant 
from Kong K'eo to hold a service at her place, and to ask the blessing of God on her 

** Received at Kong K'eo, by baptism, i ; present number of members, 15 ; contri- 
butions, $13, 

"Altogether, then, we received last vear, by baptism, 13; excluded, 3; died, 3; 
present number of members, 113 ; contributions, J43. 

" In order to stimulate our native Christians, and especially our native helpers, in 
the study of the Scriptures, I conduct a Bible-class every Monday. Besides this, 
we have a monthly association to which we expect all our native helpers to bring 3 
written essay on some scriptural subject, selected at a previous meering. We always 
invite discussion, and it is very gratifying to see on these occasions their growth in 
scriptural knowledge. 

" The medical work has been steadily growing in extent, and I trust, in usefulness, 
^□ing the good-will of the natives. I see patients Tu^days and Thursdays. For 
^ear of getting patients in greater numbers than my strength and means would allow, 
I did not put up any sign or advertisement, but thought only of relieving to some 
»tent the sufferings of our native Christians and their friends. In spite of this pre- 
i^aution the work has been increasing ; and it is now usual for me to have as many as 
ifty and sixty different people to prescribe for in a single forenoon. 

" I have been training to some extent two native Christians. These young men are 
beginning to be of use to me in dispensing medicines, as well as in speaking to the 
people about the great Healer of souls. Dr. Lord's Bible-woman also comes in to 
speak to the women. Patients we get from many parts of the province ; but the 
majority come from our own immediate neighborhood. 

Hr. Churchill continued his residence in Ningpo till the close of 1876, and it is 
understood that be left that city for Hang-chow about the middle of January. 

"I have felt the removal to Hang<how keenly. It seems, on the whole, the path 
of duty ; and loyalty to duty is the condition of the Divine blessing. Hang-chow is a 
stabbom iield. I may be buried there a good many years before you hear from me ; 
bat I hope you will hear from me before my work is done. 

"The needs of Ningpo cannot be met by the three whom I leave to go to Hang- 
:bow. One is a consul, one a physician, and the third has too much on his hands to 
yt teacher and evangelist at the same time. The field is well supplied with native 
rvangelists ; but the opinion seems to prevail among missionaries, as it does with you, 
hat these evangelists must be led unto the work by the foreign teacher, and taught to 
■reach by their zealous example, or they will accomplish but little. IE such be the 

232 Sixty-Third Annual Report. (July, 

truth, you must write Ningpo upon your list of places needing re-enforcement ; fox 
Mr. Goddard has not time to do this, though, as I know, his desire is to do so. 

'' Evidently, however, we ought to enter a wedge at Hang-chow into heaUienism, and 
also, I may add, into what is erroneous in other forms of evangelization. I wish you 
had a better wedge. 

•"With reference to my past year in Ningpo, I would say that during the first of the 
year, I thought it the wiser course to give most of my time to the study of the lan- 
guage. My evangelistic work consisted in an an endeavor to be present three or four 
afternoons in the week at the chapel in the city. The average attendance of hearers,, 
such as listen for half an hour perhaps, may be placed at about thirty, for a preaching 
time of an hour or an hour and a half. In the summer, during Mr. Goddard's absence, 
I went to the chapel in the evening instead of the afternoon, averaging perhaps ^ 
nights in the weelL I kept this up some six weeks, till the attendance dwindled down 
from eighty to below twenty, when the afternoon preaching was resumed. 

'' During the past two months I have spent much of my time in the country. With 
two preachers, I would visit villages within a radius of three or four miles around the 
chapel. The day's work might be summed up as consisting in trying to present the 
gospel to people of different villages, the sum total of listeners for haU an hour during 
a day's preaching amounting to about one hundred and twenty-five. This of course 
includes many who would listen for an hour and over ; we also distributed tracts to 
such as coula read." 


Mr. Jenkins gives quite a lengthy account of his work at this place, from which we 
condense the following report : — 

" In some respects the mission year 1876 has been one of peculiar trial The fin- 
ishing of the mission-house, work upon which was suspended for the want of funds in 
1875, imposed upon me severe labors this year. But I am more than happy to say the 
building is completed, and I have a comfortable home. During the summer, I re- 
ceived funds from the Woman's Missionary Society to erect a school building for the 
accommodation of the boys of the native Christians, and for the training of assistants. 
It was desirable that the building be put up at once, as I wished to place several 
young men under immediate instruction, and several boys were waiting to enter the 
school ; but I had not strength to superintend its erection in connection with work 
upon the mission-house ; and, when free to undertake it, building-material could not 
be got together because of the drought. The foundations are laid, and the erection of 
the building will be proceeded with in March next. 

" While looking after t