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Battle jflaos of Iowa IReoiments
from tbe Hraenal to tbe CapitoL
BppointeD bB tbe
lpro\>t^e Cases anb ^Transfer tbe
Iowa Battle jflags
jfrom tbe Hreenal to tbe State Capitol
. 1R. Conawa^, State printer.
State of Howa t
DES MOINES, January 14, 1896.
To the Honorable General Assembly of Iowa:
GENTLEMEN We have the honor to herewith submit,
as the committee named therein, a report of our proceed
ings in carrying out the provisions of the following act
of the Twenty-fourth General Assembly of Iowa, to-wit:
"Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Iowa:
SECTION 1. That the adjutant-general and the curator
of historical collections, with the advice and consent of
the executive council, shall cause the colors, standards
and battle flags borne by Iowa regiments and batteries
during the war of the rebellion to be placed in her
metically sealed glass cases, in such manner as to display
them to the best advantage, and to preserve them as far
as possible from all injury thereto, and place them in
appropriate locations in the corridors of the capitol; so
much of said corridors as may be necessary is hereby
appropriated for the purpose.
"SEC. 2. The sum of three thousand dollars, or so
much thereof as may be necessary, is hereb}^ appropriated
out of any fund in the state treasury not otherwise
appropriated, for said purpose, and that all accounts for
the same shall be audited by the executive council."
Approved April 7, 1892.
For the " Introduction " to this report, the acknowl
edgments of your committee are due to Maj. S. H. M.
Byers. Very respectfully,
Curator of Historical Collections.
No- 1 first Cavalry.
No. 2 Second Infantry-
No. 3 Second Cavalry.
No- 4 first Battery.
No. 5 First Infantry.
No. 6 Third Infantry.
No. 7 Fourtb Infantry.
No. 8 Fifth Infantry.
No. 9 Sixth Infantry.
No. 10 Seventh Infantry
"T WAS a noble resolution that led to the
proper preservation of Iowa s war flags.
There was no danger of people forgetting
the soldiers, or their sacrifices, but these
flags, that were emblems of great deeds,
might fade away. History hardly relates
of another such scene as was witnessed in
Iowa s capital on the 10th of August, 1894. That day
saw the same soldiers who had carried the flags in battle
bear them to their last resting place. It was thirty
years nearly since the war almost an average lifetime
and all these years the battle flags of the state had been
hidden away in the old arsenal by the river. A few had
been in museums ; a few, honored as souvenirs of the
great war, were treasured as so much gold in private
homes, where happy children pointed to their shiny
folds and said, " My father carried yonder flag." Now
all the flags, banners, and guidons that had been through
the war from Iowa were to be gathered together, and
with acclaims of honor, and amidst tears and prayers, be
borne to the capitol. It was a day to be remembered
for a lifetime. So long as those who witnessed the
touching spectacle live, they will recall to their own
hearts, and tell to their children, how they saw 5,000
veteran soldiers of the great war come and march again
under the flags they once bore in battle. They will tell
you of the pathos of the scene of the white-haired men,
who, in their youth, had borne these flags in the fierce
14 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
storm of conflict, now again taking them in their hands
and blessing them a.nd kissing them. The heart throbs
and suppressed tears of many a soldier touching again
the folds of these flags never will be known. There
were mothers looking on whose sons lay dead on south
ern battle fields; and sisters whose brothers filled name
less graves in dark forests of the south. My boy
fell defending that flag," said an old man standing at
the street-side, as the banner of his son s regiment
passed by. The crowd about him gave way till the col
or-bearer could let the old man touch the sacred colors
with his hands. Many hearts beat quick and many eyes
were wet with tears. Yet this was the scene repeated
and repeated all along Locust street, from Fifth street to
the bridge, and from the bridge to the capitol. Many a
white-haired mother from country farm or village looked
on in silence as some flag was borne by, and with swell
ing hearts, and tearful eyes, thought of him whose grave
she had never seen.
Des Moines was filled with people, and the vast crowds
that lined the streets where the flags were borne, had
but a single thought. Patriotism and gratitude, and love
of country swelled in every breast. There were no par
tisans. All men and women alike gazed on the tattered
flags and thought of the past. They looked into the
faces of the men marching and said, "These are they
who stormed forts, charged batteries, waded through
swamps, starved in southern prisons; their very blood
this moment on the bullet ridden flags." None cheered,
their hearts stirred too deep they only felt and a
greater emotion few will ever feel this side of the grave.
Here and there the little remnant of some army band
played the very music to which these men kept step at
Shiloh and Mission Ridge. The same drums, the same
drummers, the same fifers, the tones that had been silent
thirty years again caused the blood of the marching men
to tingle as they touched elbows and with quickened step
recalled the days when, as comrades and brothers, they
went battleward to that same old tune.
Locust street for a solid mile was full of men thinking
of other days. Where were the thousands who had
touched elbows in the marching* line, to that same music,
to those same drums, thirty years ago?
Twenty-five thousand of Iowa s soldiers are dead.
Every man marching on Locust street that day thought
of a comrade who once marched at his side to that tune,
but who now slept in his soldier grave. Ahead of them
in the line they saw the flags, torn and tattered, that
they had borne over some rampart blazing with cannon.
Then the flag was new, shiny and glorious. Then they
were making history, now they were memories slowly
receding to the past. The world does not wait; time
does not wait; the soldiers had their day, their glory and
their death. The spectators must have theirs, too. These
thousands of youths lining the sidewalks are thinking of
the deeds and the glory of these veterans, and they pant
for deeds and glory of their own. Will they be as brave,
as true, as noble, as patriotic as these who are bearing*
their flags for the last time forever? All the vast crowd
are thinking of these things, and to many the spectacle
before them is of spectres with their flags marching on to
the end. In a sense they are bidding them good-bye for
ever. It is the final obsequies of men who have made
history. They will lay their flags down at the capitol,
and generations will look at them and say: "There are
the signs of their glory, but they are gone.
The tinge of melancholy that seized on the multitudes
of people almost silenced demonstration. Spite of the
occasional cheers of soldiers on being handed the flags,
spite of the drums and the bands in the procession, there
was comparative silence, and a minor strain ran through
every chord, touched every heart. The occasion was too
great for noise; too many hearts throbbed with sad
recollections, too many eyes filled with tears.
At the head of the procession rode the gray-haired
Colonel Shaw, a soldier of two wars, a hero of his com
mand, who rode with the blaze of musketry as coolly as
now he rode to the capitol.
16 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
One hundred and thirty-five veterans walked in line
bearing the old flags. Five thousand other gray-haired
veterans, who had once defended these colors at the
mouth of the deadly cannon, followed as a guard of honor,
and what a guard it was!
The blood of these men still stained the honored folds
of the flags. These banners had never known defeat.
They had been borne in a hundred battles across the
works of many a fort, but dishonor had never touched
one of them. It is a proud, a noble record for Iowa, that
her flags were always flags of honor and of victory. They
were, like Iowa soldiers, at the front everywhere.
When future generations shall gaze in silence upon the
dim colors of the flags there in the capitol, let them
reflect that eighty thousand Iowa men carried these
emblems of a nation into battle, and that thirteen thou
sand heroes were maimed, slaughtered, or died in their
defense. Let them reflect that no Iowa flag ever sur
rendered to equal numbers; that not one of these banners
ever was held aloft in a war of subjugation, nor for state
aggrandizement. They were the signs of our own pres
ervation only the symbols of a free people. They are
dimmed, but by the blood of their defenders; and torn,
but by a foe that thought more of human bondage than
of the nation s life.
It was noticeable that no captured flags of the enemy
were borne in the procession, yet Iowa men had captured
more flags than she had regiments. Hatred of foemen,
revenge, were forgotten. On the other hand, there was
no silly and hypocritical longing for the love and good
will of those who had shot down comrades, starved help
less prisoners, and well-nigh murdered a nation. "Let
God judge them and let us forget them" was a senti
ment of fathers and mothers whose sons sleep in the
woods of Tennessee or in the sands of Andersonville.
That these sons should be forgotten and their brave
deaths condoned at such a moment, was a crime against
When Governor Jackson issued his proclamation
declaring August the 10th a state holiday, that on that
day the flags should be borne to the capitol in solemn,
but glorious procession, there was universal gratitude
and approval. It was the anniversary of the battle of
Wilson s Creek, where Iowa s first blood was shed. It
was decided that the battle flags at the arsenal should be
taken possession of by the representatives of the Sons of
Veterans and by them be handed over to the color-ser
geants who had borne them in battle; they in their turn
carried them with glad hearts to the lines of veteran
soldiers waiting in line to receive them with tears and
blessings. Many had not seen these flags since the
bloody battle s charge when, lying on the field wounded,
they gave faint cheers for the symbols of their glory.
Colonel Dungan, the lieutenant-governor of the state,
had been selected to address the color-bearers at the
arsenal, and his words teemed with patriotism and honor,
for he too had been a noble soldier.
When it had been announced in the press that the old
color-guards, the very men who bore these flags through
the dreadful war, should be the very men to carry them
now in their last procession, a glad cheer went up over
the state. These brave men, hidden away, pursuing
their simple avocations on farm or in country village,
silent as to their heroic deeds in their youth, were almost
forgotten by the busy age. Now they came forward and
plead for their rights the honored privilege of once
more carrying the old flag and touching its fading folds
with their hands and their lips. Many and many a letter
reached the committee of arrangements pathetic and
tender to tears, written without the elegancies of rhet
oric or penmanship, yet tenderly, touchingly pleading
that the writers might carry the flag once more before
they died. And it was their right. Their inelegancies
of rhetoric and spelling were good enough in the days
when cannon were firing and muskets blazing, and men
were wanted to carry these flags into hostile lines and
over the walls of death. They were good enough now.
18 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
Thirty years had made a difference, too. They were
young then; now many are old, some poor. The fleet
ing years had not allowed them to catch up with the
opportunities they lost while absent serving their country.
Civilians went ahead and got rich rich even on the
misfortunes of war. These soldiers lost their chance-
many their health many even their savings of boyhood.
To many in that line a grateful nation had given a
pension it helped keep the wolf from the door and yet
was not a drop in the bucket to the hardships, the losses,
the calamities that followed serving in a four years war.
In all this vast crowd there was none who did not
rejoice in the help the nation had given, and who did not
wish it had been more. There was no cry of fraud and
big pensions; no people s servants in high places sneering
at the cripples who had saved the country; no political
sycophants and demagogues striving to reduce the sol
diers little income. Ah! had some snarling creature on that
10th of August raised his voice against pensioning the men
who bore those flags he would have been stoned to death.
The day was hot and sultry, but spite of the heat the
long line of veterans gladly took up its march escorted
by the National Guard, by Sons of Veterans, by soldiers
from other states, by civic organizations, by bands of
music and by the governor of the commonwealth and all
his military family. As the line crossed the river and
approached the capitol, its war flags waving, its blue-
coated and white-haired legions keeping step to the
music they had heard in battle, it was a spectacle never
to be forgotten. Once it was like the funeral of some
great conqueror. Rome had scarcely seen so grand a
spectacle, for her triumphal entries were the return of
professional soldiers who waged war for conquest, and in
whose train men were led to bondage. This line, sol
emnly, gloriously, marching to Iowa s capitol, was the
fragments of an army that had fought for the perpetuity
of free institutions. The slaves that marched in its line
were slaves no longer, but free men who in the ranks of
the union army had battled for country.
The splendid arches under which the column moved,
though bearing the names of honorable battles, still
spoke of peace good will to men. Many of the private
citizens of the city decorated their places of business in
a way that told of their appreciation of the day and the
patriotism of their hearts. Flags floated everywhere,
yet no flags were looked at save those faded and torn in
the procession of the soldiers.
When the marching line and the banners reached the
east side of the capitol a great crowd of people already
awaited them. The old flags and the color bearers and
as many veterans as possible clustered together on the
great east steps, where they were photographed, that
children s children may know something of how their
fathers and the flags looked on this day, greatest of all in
Iowa s history. Then commenced the speaking exercises
of the occasion.
The committee on general arrangements had consisted
of Gen. John R. Prime, the adjutant-general of the state;
Capt. Charles Aldrich, curator of the historical society;
Philip Schaller, department commander; Capt. C. H.
Smith and Capt. J. P. Patrick, and by invitation, George
A. Newman, commander of the Iowa Grand Army of the
Republic. The secretary was Charles L. Longley, of the
department of the Grand Army of the Republic.
At different committee meetings everything had been
arranged that could tend to make the day one of great
honor, and now followed the opening address by the
president of the day, Gen. J. W. Noble, himself one of
Iowa s distinguished soldiers.
Des Moines Union band followed with its strains of
loyal music. There was a fervent invocation by the
Rev. A. V. Kendrick, National Chaplain of the G. A. R. ?
and an original poem by S. H. M. Byers, entitled "The
Battle Flags of Iowa," and then came the principal
address of the day, on the "Returning of the Flags," by
Maj. John F. Lacey, member of congress, and a gallant
officer of the old army. The response was by his excel
lency, Frank D. Jackson, governor of the state. Both
20 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
addresses were listened to with joy and were received by
the attending thousands with demonstrations of satis
Martial music by Carper s drum corps followed the
speeches, and Mrs. Jesse Cheek, of Des Moines, closed
the exercises by singing the " Star Spangled Banner."
Now the flags were in the golden-domed capitol, in
glass cases, hermetically sealed. There they will remain
forever, where patriots can look upon them in ages to
come. It was a fit place, in this noble building, this just
pride of a great state, to put these honored and priceless
treasures. In rooms near them are the written records
of these soldiers deeds; their enlistment papers; their
discharges Ah, too oft the records of their deaths. No
patriot looking upon them but his heart will throb faster
and truer; and no recollection of the war but will call up
the memory of those two great patriots and public serv
ants, Adjutant-General Baker and Governor Kirkwood,
who put these records here and who did more than all
other public men of Iowa to make the path of an Iowa
soldier a path of honor. Near by, too, stands that noble
monument erected by a grateful people in honor of what
these men did to save their country. What trio of war
could more appropriately be together these blood
stained flags, these glorious records, this monument of
bronze and stone? And when gazing on them, let no
future patriot forget the words of that great war gov
ernor when he said: "The heroism of our soldiers has
made it a proud privilege to be a citizen of Iowa."
That many of these war flags had been preserved to
be honored on this great occasion had been due to the
patriotic thoughtfulness of an Iowa woman. When Sen
ator John H. Gear was governor of Iowa, his wife saw
these flags being destroyed by dust and time. With her
own hands and with the aid of a few friends she tenderly
covered each one with a fabric that should protect them
and hold them together. The act was typical of the
universal patriotism of Iowa women in war times. The
women of Iowa made many of these flags, and with
tears and blessings gave them to husbands, brothers,
sons, and lovers to carry into the war for the preserva
tion of the country.
It is the proud satisfaction of a whole people to know
that these flags were never dishonored that they were
bravely, nobly borne through four years of terrible con
flict, and at last returned to the state stained with the
patriotic blood of heroes.
These flags belong to the women of the state not less
than to the men. Their unrecorded sacrifices were not
of blood, but of human hearts. Let them, too, share in
the glory that these illustrious flags cast upon the
No. 1 Third Cavalry.
No. 2- p ur th Cavalry.
No. 3 Second Battery.
No. 4 Thirteentb Infantry.
No. 5 Tentb Infantry.
No. 6 Eleventh) Infantry.
No. 7 Eigrjtb Infantry.
No. 8 Twelfth Infantry.
No. 9 Ninth Infantry.
No. 10 Fourteenth Infantry.
Governor s Iproclamation*
ot 1boru Warren S. 2>un0an, Xteutenants<5overnor, on S>cliV:
tbc jflags to tbc Coloc=3Bcarcrs at tbe Brsenal.
State of Iowa.
Twenty-fourth General Assembly of
the state of Iowa enacted a law provid
ing for the better preservation of the
colors, standards and battle flags borne by
Iowa regiments and batteries during the
war of the rebellion. In compliance with
the provisions of said law, hermetically
sealed glass cases have been provided and placed in
appropriate positions in the corridor of the capitol, in
which the battle flags will be preserved. The 10th day
of August, 1894, has been selected as an appropriate day
for the transfer of the battle flags from the state arsenal
to the capitol building. This great occasion, one of the
last official acts of our state in patriotic remembrance of
that heroic army which she sent forth to defend the flag
while yet in the very infancy of her statehood, is one in
which every true citizen of Iowa will be deeply inter
ested. The hardships and sacrifices, the alternating
victories and defeats, and the final triumph and after
glory of that army are matters of history; but the battle-
flags around which our Iowa soldiers rallied, and under
the folds of which they marched through smoke of battle
to victory or death, are left to us, a precious heritage
toward which the hearts of all lowans go forth in
30 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
Now, therefore, I, Frank D. Jackson, governor of the
state of Iowa, do hereby recommend that the 10th day of
August, 1894, be known and referred to as Battle Flag
Day, and that it be observed as a public holiday conse
crated to the memory of the patriotism and valor of
Iowa s soldiers, living and dead.
Let the subject of patriotism, as represented in the one
hundred and thirty-three flags that led the seventy thou
sand Iowa soldiers into battle, be the inspiring sentiment
of the day, and I hereby request that all the people of
this commonwealth refrain upon that day from unneces
sary labor and join in appropriate exercises in com
memoration of this patriotic occasion.
Let as many as possible of the surviving members of
Iowa regiments take a personal part in the exercises of
this day. Let regimental reunions be called to meet at
the capital city on the day previous, so that as far as
possible these battle flags may be carried by their own
respective color bearers, surrounded by the broken
fragments of regimental organization.
With a spirit of reverent solemnity, let the people of
Iowa devote this day to the consideration of the relations
of the citizen to the flag; of liberty as distinct from
license; of loyalty, patriotism and heroism. Let us
again renew our devotion to the flag our fidelity to
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my
hand and caused to be affixed the great
seal of the state of Iowa.
Done at Des Moines this twenty-eighth
day of June, in the year of our Lord, one
thousand eight hundred and ninety-four.
By the Governor:
Secretary of State.
OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT FOR BATTLE FLAG DAY.
HE governor of Iowa having, by his proclama
tion, designated August 10, 1894, as battle flag
day, and the day on which the flags and ban
ners carried by Iowa regiments and batteries
during the war of the rebellion, would be
transferred from the arsenal to the cases pro
vided for their reception in the capitol build
ing, the following announcement of the order
of exercises for the day is made by the committee on arrange
ments for the information of all interested.
The line will be formed for the parade promptly at 1 o clock
p. M., in the following order:
PLATOON OF POLICE.
DES MOINES UNION BAND.
GOVERNOR AND STAFF.
MAJOR JOHN C. LOPER, COMMANDING.
COMPANY "H," THIRD REGIMENT, I. N. G.
COMPANY "A,* THIRD REGIMENT, I. N. G.
SONS OF VETERANS.
GEO. A. NEWMAN, DEPARTMENT COMMANDER, COMMANDING
DEPARTMENT OF IOWA, G. A R.,
INCLUDING ALL EX-SOLDIERS, SAILORS, AND MARINES, OTHER
THAN IOWA SOLDIERS, WHETHER MEMBERS OF THE
GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC OR NOT.
MAJOR CARPER S DRUM CORPS.
32 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
COLONEL WILLIAM T. SHAW, COMMANDING.
GENERAL H. H. WRIGHT, AID.
CAPTAIN C. H. SMITH, AID.
IOWA SOLDIERS, SAILORS AND MARINES, WITH BATTLE FLAGS.
The column being formed will proceed to the arsenal, where
the battle flags and banners will be delivered to the color-
bearers of the respective regiments and batteries by Lieuten
ant- Governor Warren S. Dungan, late Lieutenant- Colonel of
the Thirty-fourth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and thence to the
capitol building, where the following exercises will be held:
1. Call to Order, - Gen. J. W. Noble, Presiding Officer.
2. Music, - - Des Moines Union Band.
3. Invocation, - Rev. A. V. Kendrick.
4. Original Poem, - Major S. H. M. Byers.
5. Address, " Returning Flags to the State."
Major John F. Lacey.
6. Response, - Governor Frank D. Jackson.
7. Martial Music, Carper s Drum Corps.
8. Song, - "Star Spangled Banner*"
Mrs. Jesse Cheek.
The railroads of Iowa have granted the usual rate of one
fare for the round trip from all points in the state to Des
Moines, tickets to be on sale August 8th, 9th and 10th, up to
the time of the exercises, and good returning August llth.
It is most desirable that all Iowa soldiers who can possibly
do so, arrive in Des Moines as early as practicable Thursday,
August 9th, for the purpose of perfecting regimental organiza
tions, preparatory to the formation of the parade on the fol
lowing day, by the selection of regimental commanders and
Upon arriving in Des Moines all Iowa soldiers should report
as soon as possible at the adjutant-general s office in the capitol
building, where rooms will be provided for the purpose of
holding regimental meetings.
Crocker and Kinsman Posts, G. A. R., of Des Moines, hav
ing generously taken an active interest in the matter, the com
mittee can assure all comrades who come that they will be able
to obtain good accommodations at reasonable prices.
Comrades, come ! It is the last opportunity we shall have to
march under the folds of these sacred, battle-scarred emblems
of the patriotism and valor of Iowa soldiers, living and dead.
ADDRESS OF LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR DUNGAN. 33
Come join us once more in doing honor, in peace, to the dear
old flags that were never dishonored in war.
JNO. R. PRIME,
C. H. SMITH,
J. P. PATRICK,
LIEUT.-GOV, DUNCAN S SPEECH
On Delivering the Flags to Old Color-Bearers at the Arsenal.
/COMRADES, survivors of that splendid army of
over 75,000 men, furnished by the state of Iowa
during the great rebellion: This day is to the
j* whole people of the state, and especially to you,
a day of absorbing interest a day to become
historic in the annals of our beloved state. You
have been called together by the proclamation
of the governor of the state, for the purpose of removing these
old battle flags, borne by you and your comrades on so many
sanguinary battle fields, during that momentous struggle, from
their present resting place in this arsenal to the place prepared
for them in the corridors of the new capitol of the state, for
their better preservation.
The sight of these dear old flags stirs your souls to their very
depths. They awaken afresh in your memories the thrilling
scenes of a third of a century ago. The whole panorama of
that great war passes in review before you. You hear anew
the startling sound of an enemy s artillery firing upon a United
States fort. You feel again the depths of that emotion which
stirred the hearts of all loyal citizens to realize the danger
which threatened the union, and awakened in your hearts the
patriotic resolve to swear anew allegiance to the old flag and to
offer your services, and your lives, if need be, to preserve the
union bequeathed to us by the fathers of the republic.
34 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
You recall the hour of the greatest trial experienced in your
soldier life the hour of parting from your wife and child; or
from father and mother, sisters and brothers, or your sweet
You remember the shout which greeted the first flag received
by your regiment as it was unfurled to the breeze in your sight.
It was perhaps the gift of the patriotic women of your own
neighborhood. The Thirty-fourth Iowa regiment, to which I
belonged, went into camp at Burlington. The patriotic women
of that city presented us with our first regimental flag.
In doing so they charged us to bear it bravely in the face of
the foe, and never allow it to be trailed in the dust or to be dis
honored. We pledged them life, fortune and honor to obey
their injunction This was an inspiration which the regiment
could never forget. How well our pledges were redeemed his
tory must record. An evidence of our fidelity, however, is seen
in this battle-scarred flag the one they presented to us, and
one of the three flags the Thirty-fourth furnished to the collec
tion before us. If I remember aright, the patriotic women of
Burlington presented the First Iowa cavalry and perhaps other
regiments with their first regimental flag.
Comrades, you recall the battles in which you were engaged
and in which the stars and stripes were your inspiration to
noble deeds. You bore them until they were torn and tattered,
often bullet-riven and blood-stained, until no longer fit for
service, and then, with careful hands, you folded them up and
sent them to the adjutant- general of the state for safe keeping,
where you find them to-day.
In recalling the heroic deeds witnessed by you in your army
life, nothing swells your breasts with greater pride than to
remember the devotion of the color-guard to the flags and
standards in their keeping. Their heroism was witnessed on
many a battle field. One color-bearer is shot down and another
springs to his place, raises the fallen flag and moves forward
only to fall as the first, until sometimes three or four have
fallen in a single battle. Witness the Second Iowa at Fort
Donelson; the fourth color-bearer falls, but is able to rise and
bear the flag to the end of the fight and to victory. And that
color-bearer is with us to-day in the person of Comrade
Twombly, late treasurer of state. Many instances of a similar
character might be enumerated, but time will not permit.
ADDRESS OF LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR DUNGAN. 35
Comrades, your hearts may well beat with honest pride
to-day when you remember how gallantly you bore these flags
at Wilson s Creek, Vicksburg, Donelson, Lookout Mountain,
Mission Ridge, Atlantic, Mobile, Blakely, Gettysburg, the
Wilderness, Fredericksburg, and on to victory at Appomatox.
You kept your pledges to the noble women who presented you
so many of these flags. Our flags have never been lowered or
disgraced by an Iowa regiment; a few of our flags were cap
tured by the enemy, but the troops that bore them were facing
the foe defending them with undaunted courage. Here are the
great body of the flags we carried to battle and to victory, our
witnesses to the people this day.
Look upon them! Not only battle-scarred, but purple -
stained with the blood of your fallen comrades They were
placed here for safe keeping, but soon they began to fade and
waste away. Seeing this, the patriotic care of an Iowa woman
partly with her own hands, encased them in tarlton for their
preservation the wife of the then governor Mrs. JohnH. Gear.
This was a partial protection, but it was evident that they
could not long be kept intact unless otherwise cared for. Iowa
is proud of the record made by her citizen soldiery. She has
shown this by many liberal laws on her statute books. Proud
of her military record and of the fidelity, valor and patriotism
of her sons and regarding these flags as the best evidence of
that record, of that valor and patriotism, and viewing their
possession as a sacred trust, she has prepared receptacles in
the rotunda of our new capitol for their deposit, consisting of
hermetically sealed glass cases, where, it is hoped, they may
be preserved in their present condition for long years if not
for ages to come. There they will be in a position where the
whole people of the state may look upon them as often as they
pass through the capitol, patriotic object lessons, not only to
the present generation, but to our children and to our
children s children down the ages.
Color bearers, yours is the post of honor to-day; you take
these old flags in your hands for the last time; you carry them
to the capitol and deliver them into the hands of the governor
of the state who, on behalf of the state, receives them at your
hands and sees to their proper deposit.
Comrades with us in the great struggle for the union who
served in regiments from other states, we are glad to welcome
you with us on this occasion. To you is equal honor due for
36 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
the triumph of our cause. Being now citizens of Iowa, we
know that you share with us the just pride we feel in preserv
ing, as long as possible, our revered old battle flags.
Citizens of Iowa, your presence with us signifies your deep
interest in all that pertains to the honor and welfare of our
beloved state. Your loyalty to both the state and nation has
ever been conspicuous. Your devotion to the flag has never
faltered, and your regard for the union soldier has been con
stant. We are proud of the fact that the whole people of the
state unite with us in our care for these battle flags, and share
with us the honors and the responsibilities of their safe pre
One very sad thought forces itself upon us as we gaze at
these battle-scarred and blood-stained banners the thought
that so many of the gallant men who carried them to battle and
to victory were not permitted to return with them. All honor
to the noble dead who * died that the nation might live. " And
are they dead to us? An Iowa poet has said:
"There is no death! The stars go down
To rise upon some fairer shore,
And bright in heaven s jeweled crown
To shine forever more.
There is no death! The dust we tread
Shall change beneath the summer showers
To golden rain or mellow fruit,
Or rainbow-tinted flowers.
There is no death! An angel form
Walks o er the earth with silent tread
He bears our best loved things away,
And then we call them dead."
They shall live in our hearts and memories and in history,
so long as patriotism continues to be the crowning virtue of
No. 1 fifth Cavalry.
No. 2 Seventh Cavalry.
No. 3 Third Battery.
No. 4 fifteenth Infantry.
No. 5 Sixteenth; Infantry.
No. 6 Seventeenth; Infantry.
No. 7 Eigrjteentb Infantry.
No. 8 Nineteenth Infantry.
No. 9 Twentieth Infantry.
No. 10 Twenty-first Infantry
lEyerctees anb Hbbresses
at tbe Capitol.
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES.
IENERAL JOHN W. NOBLE, formerly col
onel of the Third Veteran Volunteer Cav-
!^ 1 airy regiment of Iowa, was introduced by
Adjutant-General Prime, to be presiding
officer of ceremonies at Des Moines, Iowa,
battle flag day, August 10, 1894, and spoke
Comrades and Fellow Citizens: In calling this meeting to
order, I wish first to acknowledge the great honor conferred
upon me by your selection of myself as presiding officer. I
must refer it rather to your partiality than to any claims of
mine to distinction among so many eminent and war-worn vet
erans. It would have been honor enough for me to have met
with you on this great battle flag day, to have recalled the days
of our united service for our country, and know that I too was
an Iowa soldier. I thank you and ask your kind assistance in
discharging the duties of the hour.
By authority of the state, given by act and resolution of the
legislature, and in pursuance of the proclamation of the gov
ernor, we have assembled to place the battle flags borne by the
soldiers of Iowa in the war for the union, here in the capitol
and the custody of the people forever.
It is a solemn, it may be said, sacred occasion, for around
these flags what memories cling, and by their presence what
thoughts and emotions are called forth. Military achievement
and glory may swell the heart with the consciousness of vic
tory, but the lapse of time cannot efface the sadness we must
ever feel for the loss and sacrifice of those who held those ban
ners aloft in the battle.
44 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
Said a sergeant, Lowe, of the Thirtieth regiment, when shot
through the body at Kenesaw: "Tell my father and brothers
that whenever they see the stars and stripes to remember that
I died for the brave old flag."
In many different regiments assaulting the foe on varied
fields of the war, man after man, when one was shot another
springing forward, bore these flags onward, with the all but
absolute knowledge that death would be the result. We know
the glorious lives of these standards; what lives they cost; what
lives and what liberty with the power of our union they saved.
But it is not for me to-day to cite the record or speak at
length of their history. Others will recount them appropri
ately. All that may be said will be, however, but the renewal
of memories to you, for they are your flags, and their history
is your history. You, yes, let me say my comrades, we are the
remnants of those who went forth with these banners, and our
hearts will be cold and our tongues forever silent ere we shall
cease to feel and celebrate the services, the suffering, the glory
and the success of the Iowa soldiers, and claim for them and
their equally deserving comrades of the other states who stood
shoulder to shoulder with them, the gratitude and recognition
of our united people.
A third of a century ago the regiments of Iowa went forth
to battle for the constitution and the union. The enterprise
and intelligence of the eastern, and middle, and other states
had peopled Iowa s cities and prairies. Than her soldiers,
none were more loyal and daring. Her volunteers represented
fully the worth of Iowa s property, education and patriotism.
Her arms were supported by a well matured and vigorous man
hood, and her courage by a nervous force and mental training
unsurpassed among all the hosts that marched to the front.
They were encouraged and supported, too, by as God-fearing
and land-loving a people at home, a people as elevated in sen
timent and pure in life, as this world has known; free as the
northwest wind that fanned them, and strong as the currents
of the great rivers that bounded their territory and nourished
their land, forcing their ways through a continent to the sea.
There was no reason these volunteers should fail in duty, and
there was every incentive to the marked and eminent success
they attained; alas! the achievement of death and suffering in
all forms known to war, but, proudly we say it, the attain
ment of victory and the maintenance of the supremacy and
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES. 45
continuance of these United States. That service was grandly
The First regiment of Iowa Volunteers, on August 10th,
thirty-three years ago this day, sustained the brunt of the battle
at Wilson s Creek, and thirteen other regiments, after braving
and achieving all that to have served with Grant and Sherman
implies, went on the march to the sea, and were at the close of
the war in the grand review at Washington. Sheridan knew
other of our regiments as among his most reliable in the great
campaign of the Shenandoah valley, as he had long before
gained his first distinction in connection with an Iowa cavalry
regiment in Tennessee. Who that speaks of Donelson, Pitts-
burg Landing, luka or Corinth, Raymond, Champion Hill, Black
River or Vicksburg, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge,
Resaca, Allatoona, Kenesaw and Atlanta, Savannah or Colum
bia, Winchester, Cedar Creek or Fisher s Hill, Red River or
Mobile, Montevallo, Ebenezer Church, Selma and Columbus,
Franklin, Nashville, Blue Mills, Wilson s Creek, Kirksville,
Springfield, Pea Ridge or Prairie Grove, Osage and Independ
ence, or any of the fields of the west and south; who that marks
the rise to greatness and renown of the most distinguished of
our generals; who that knows how the shackles, placed upon
the commerce of the Mississippi, were burst asunder, and its
avenues once more opened from river shore to ocean coast; who
that reckons up the courage and endurance and all-pervading
love of country that met at every point the advancing and
boasting hosts of secession and disloyalty; who that estimates
the most important factors that maintained the constitution and
sustained the flag, but must and gladly does recognize the con
tinued and most efficient services, from the first to the last of
the war for the union, of gallant, devoted and heroic sons of
We are now to place in shrines of safety the battle flags of
these troops. How bright they were when they went forth;
with what loving and patient hearts the mothers and daughters,
sweethearts and wives gave them to the keeping of men then
young and full of hope, but all alike volunteering life and for
tune for God and humanity. How soon the bloody record of
that sacrifice began; how constantly it increased. The roll of
battle and death came sullenly on through the long four years.
But our flags were still there. And though every shell or
bomb that rent the regiment on the field went on until it
46 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
desolated a hearthstone away back in this fair state, the ranks
were firmly closed again, and the sobs of affection were smoth
ered in prayers for the flag. How the havoc increased; how
dreadful was the number of the dead; how, even now, the soul
shrinks at the recital of their names. But it was for the land
we love; it was to do or die for our country. The re-enlist
ments came; experience had shown the reality and sternness of
the duty originally assumed in the first outburst of enthusiasm,
but the cause had not yet been won. It was a war of principle.
The flags were still there, the symbols of that principle, and
they were to remain there until wreathed with victory. The
support from home was redoubled; the gray beards went to
guard duty at points distant from home, and from the state.
The sanitary commission and hospital nurses strove to render
the camp more endurable, and soothe and support the sick and
wounded. The colored troops were organized and officered by
Iowa soldiers. But the thought to give over the strife came
never to any in Iowa.
There was to be but one result the supremacy of the national
government. The union as it was and shall ever be.
Victory came at last in every state and on every field. The
regiments returned. Their dead, how many! and sleeping how
far away! But ever to be remembered as those who had given
the highest proof of constancy. The wounded and the wasted
returned, and were enfolded to the heart of a grateful state and
nation, and never will it be possible to reward them too highly.
One of the brightest pages of American history will be that of
the gratitude of our people for its veterans
And the flags were borne home again and inscribed with
names of successful battles for the republic that have passed
into history as the most skillful military achievements for the
worthiest cause the world has ever known.
And here are the flags!
Over them is the capitol of Iowa, and over all the constitu
tion of the United States.
The work of the fathers has been preserved. The genera
tion that supported it is passing away as the generation that
created it has long since departed.
Men may die, but principles never. The love of representa
tive republican government, of constitutional freedom, is as
strong to-day among our people as it ever was. The govern
ment that put down the great rebellion against the constitution
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES. 47
is as strong as ever, and its people love it as they ever have.
It will not be surrendered to insurrection; to unauthorized
assumption of authority, or to the supercilious presumption
The great guarantees of life, liberty and prosperity, wrought
out by so much sacrifice, will be preserved and enforced under
the constitution as it is, and the instrumentalities it controls.
It is capable and its energy will meet and surpass every peril.
"Fear not each sudden sound and shock,
It is of the wave and not the rock. "
It will prevail "the least as feeling its care, and the great
est as not exempt from its power."
These flags will tell to the rising generations of Iowa, what
their fathers and mothers did and suffered. Other like symbols
will be borne into many a civil, and it may be, military contest
by our immediate successors and their posterity. Rent and
stained they too will be placed away in honor as we to-day
enshrine those here, but there will be ever floating from the
summit of the capitol that one supreme symbol of our national
glory which, though fresh and new, and dancing on the soft
winds of summer, will be prouder because it has met adversity;
brighter because it has been blackened by battle and blood;
and there ever cheerfully waving in those future years and
ages, because it is " the flag of the free hearts only home " and
the emblem of constitutional American liberty.
Comrades, I call this meeting to order.
Following General Noble s address the Des Moines
Union band rendered some appropriate music, after which
Rev. A. V. Kendrick delivered an eloquent and impres
sive invocation, following which Major S. H. M. Byers
read the following original poem:
48 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
THE BATTLE FLAGS OF IOWA.
BY S. H. M. BYERS.
Tread softly here. Tis valor s home:
Sons of a noble west;
Beneath the splendors of this dome
Tis fit your banners rest.
Oh! remnant of a mighty host
That marshalled for the fray,
Nor feared war s dreadful holocaust,
Be welcome here to-day.
Bear once again the flags ye bore
Midst howling shot and shell,
And squadrons charge and cannons roar,
And shrieks and shouts of hell;
And touch yon silken flags again,
And kiss yon shining stars,
And hold them to your breast as when
You held them in the wars.
Rewaken memories of the past
That long have slumbered still,
And hear once more the bugle s blast,
And feel the battle s thrill.
And hear again the shout, "they fly,"
The cry the victors gave
Oh! never yet was such a cry
Heard this side of the grave.
And if some comrade s heart blood stain
The tattered stripes and stars,
And naught of the old flag remain
But faded battle scars
Think not twas vain that comrade stood,
His sacrifice too high
For every drop of freedom s blood
Is written in the sky.
The angels meet with smiling eyes
The comrades that ye gave,
And welcome into Paradise
The spirits of the brave ;
And whether in the battle s smoke,
Or in some prison drear,
God s angels heard the hearts that broke,
And answered with a tear.
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES. 49
Oh! stars and stripes of Donelson,
And Shiloh s bloody flags,
Think ye there s naught of all ye won
Save these poor faded rags?
Tlrnk ye no memories of the past
Can stir our hearts to-day?
Nor cry "to arms," nor bugle s blast,
Nor battle s fierce array?
Oh! banners that Atlanta knew
And Vicksburg s frowning heights,
With bloody hands they welcomed you
In half a hundred fights.
Think ye the hands that bore you then
On Chattanooga s brow,
On Corinth s field, and Belmont s plain.
Can be forgotten now?
Cursed, doubly cursed, who would forget
That these torn banners here
With his own father s blood were wet,
With his own mother s tear:
That when on Lookout s heights was borne
Amidst the battle s shout
Yon stars and stripes, now old and torn,
His brother s life went out.
Oh! flags that never knew defeat,
Nor led a conquest war,
That waved o er many a fort and fleet,
And never lost a star:
Come there not sometimes in the night,
When all the world is still,
The heroes of luka s fights,
The men of Champion s Hill?
Assemble round you once again,
In uniforms of blue,
A thousand spirits of the slain
That gave their lives for you?
From out their graves at Winchester-
See ye their columns wheel?
From Pea Ridge, and from Wilson s Creek,
The stormers of Mobile?
Come they not smiling once again,
About your table-round,
To sit there in the moonlight, when
There is no battle sound?
All tell of dangers half forgot,
Of battles long since by,
And how for liberty tis not
So hard a thing to die?
BATTLE FLAG DAY.
Oh! land with patriots such as these
Securely can st thou rest
And fear no foes, on land or seas,
No traitors, east or west.
Oh! Thou that kept these heroes brave
When the dark conflict came,
Make us but worthy what they gave,
And worthy of their fame.
No. I Twenty-second Infantry.
No. 2 Twenty-third Infantry.
No. 3 Twenty-fourth Infantry.
No. 4 Twerjty-fiftb Infantry.
No. 5 TweQty-sixtb Infantry.
No. 6 Twenty-seventb iQfantry.
No. 7 Twerjty-eigbtb Infantry.
No. 8 Twenty-ninth IQfantry
No. 9 Thirtieth InfaQtry.
No. 10 Eighth Cavalry.
HON. JOHN F. LACEY S ADDRESS
Returning the Flags to the Permanent Custody of the State.
"A LTHOUGH nearly a third of a century has
passed since the civil war, its battle flags are
still the objects of popular love and devotion.
And so we find a common patriotic impulse
spontaneously moving towards their preserva
tion. The legislature of Iowa has enacted
this sentiment into law. Animated by the
same spirit, private citizens and survivors of regiments having
such flags in their custody have cheerfully added them to those
heretofore held by the adjutant-general of the state.
The citizens of Iowa are now assembled to formally transfer
to the keeping of the commonwealth as among its most sacred
possessions the flags that Iowa courage and Iowa patriotism
followed in defense of the union. To the safe keeping of our
great commonwealth we entrust these banners. Their cost is
priceless, and their history glorious beyond expression. As a
soldier in the past and as a citizen and civilian in the present,
to me has been accorded the honor of speaking for these mute
trophies. Upon a soil dedicated to liberty forever, we meet to
recall the memories with which these emblems shall be asso
ciated in history. Memories arise, tender, sad, fierce, exult
ing; but leading up in the end to forgiveness, reconciliation,
unity and peace. These dumb memorials of the past are more
eloquent than any spoken words. In their holy presence par
tisanship is silent and only sentiments of patriotism, wide as
the nation itself, may rise to the lips. The nation is no longer
welded by bands of iron and shafts of steel. The silken threads
of these flags soothe and bind us together heart and soul as they
rustle gently as the wings of doves in the free wind of heaven.
56 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
The motto of Iowa, inscribed by one of Iowa s honest sons upon
the great monument of Washington, never spoke the senti
ments of her people more fully than they do to-day: "Iowa:
Her affections, like the rivers of her borders, flow to an insep
As we meet here to-day, to Almighty God our hearts should
be lifted in quiet but earnest gratitude. Let us have no malice
and indulge in no mere exultation over the victories which
render this celebration possible To the erring states that
sought to rend that flag, to the brethren who sought to substi
tute two rival and hostile nations for the friendly union of the
states, we give the old flag as their emblem as well as ours.
Many a star has been shot from the colors before us, but the
states which those stars represent never in fact have lost their
true and rightful places in the union. It still remains an indis
soluble union of indestructible states. With high and patriotic
spirit let us trace the history of our star-spangled banner.
Flags are chosen to speak for those who carry them. We
shoot at a hostile standard and salute a friendly one. The stars
and stripes were chosen as the national ensign, September 3,
1777, and in eight days afterwards floated over the victorious
field of Brandywine and soon after graced the surrender of
Burgoyne. They cheered Washington at Valley Forge and
waved proudly over Yorktown when independence triumphed
at the last. This flag of thirteen stripes and a union with blue
with as many white stars as there are states in the union, took
its present precise form April 4, 1818. But new as it is, it is
already ancient among the banners of the world. It is older
than the present flags of France, Spain, England and Germany.
But if we measure its age by the deeds that it glorifies, it would
run back into an antiquity remote indeed. It was carried to
the utmost southern point by American enterprise when the
Antarctic continent at the south pole was discovered. It has
been planted at the highest latitude on the edge of the open
sea that looks forever in solemn silence at the motionless polar
star. It has been borne by a Stanley to the sources of the
Congo and the Nile, where it greeted the enduring, daring and
patient Livingston in the chosen scenes of his self-sacrificing
attempt to Christianize the very depths of degradation and
human slavery. Over the sea, in every port, it has gladdened
the sky. It has been planted alike on earth s wildest and most
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES. 57
inaccessible peak, and upon the sea s remotest and most solitary
A stranger may look upon these emblems and say : What
are they anyhow V Nothing but flags nothing but a few pieces
of silk some red and white stripes some white stars in a blue
field and that is all."
"A primrose by the river s brim,
A yellow primrose is to him:
And it is nothing 1 more!"
We do not analyze a tear, but think rather of the emotions
of joy or grief that bid it flow. The stripes, the stars, the silk
or the bunting, are the material things a flag is made of but
the love, the hopes, the memories of the people, which are
symbolized by their national banner, are the true flag after all.
They constitute its soul A woven or embroidered eagle, a
cross, a crown, a dragon, a lion; or some imaginary beast or
bird taken from the field of heraldry became the badges of the
nations of the olden time. But the new and bright republic in
its day of early hope and faith, appealed to heaven, and looking
up into the sky choose the stars themselves as the emblem of
the land of the free and the home of the brave.
In the capitals of Europe the stranger looks upon the crown
jewels as typical of the pride and glory of ancient monarchies.
But here the pilgrim finds no material thing so prized as the
country s flag, and none so dear as the battle flag of the
republic. The splendid capitol of two millions of people will
hold no treasure more worthy of its keeping than the banners
we deposit here to-day.
At one time they gleamed in the sunlight fresh and beauti
ful, their colors as bright as the flowers of the prairies, and he
who looked upon their array could realize how "terrible was
an army with banners." But to-day they are dearer than when
bright and gorgeous they were intrusted to the keeping of the
young soldiers of our state. They have been carried without
dishonor, they are returned without disgrace; on their silken
folds are inscribed the names of many battles in which they
have been borne in defense of national existence, and the
record is one in which all who participated may take an honest
pride Those names are crumbling with decay, but the results
of these battles are projected into the history of the world, and
countless ages will yet feel their influence. The victory was
not the triumph of Iowa, nor of the North, but of the whole
58 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
union, and in the future of our united country the stars of the
south will shine with the same lustre as those of the north.
From the center to the sea the true American looks only for
what is best for all of our common and reunited family.
The riotous anarchist may raise his voice and defy the power
of the government for a day, but the mighty nation, serene in
its strength, confident in its honor, erect in its justice, calls for
peace and obedience and its order is obeyed.
To the youth here let me say: Do you know what these flags
mean? They mean a nation saved, its unity upheld, its honor
preserved, its power unbroken, and all men in its borders for
ever free. Do you know, my young friend, how many men have
died defending these colors? Around these banners as centers
have raged the tempests of fire in the greatest battles. From
1861 to 1865 Iowa was not the mighty commonwealth of 2,000,-
000 souls that she is to-day. Her railways and her cities were
only in embryo. But from her sparsely settled prairies 76,242
men enlisted in the army of the union. Nine regiments of cav
alry and four batteries of artillery bore these guidons. Forty-
eight regiments of white and one of black infantry carried the
name and fame of Iowa in the great campaigns and battles
of the rebellion. Before the war ended 12 368 men, the young
est, the strongest and bravest, lay in their graves, and 8,848
were shot in the defense of these very flags which you honor
to-day. Disease has made fierce havoc in those ranks in the
days of peace, and now age is striking its certain blows upon
the grey-headed column that still remains. Thousands of miles
of weary, dusty and dangerous march are here recorded.
Through the pestilence of the swamp, by the deadly ambush,
in every compaign the standard of the Iowa soldier was borne
where duty called. In the clouds of Lookout Mountain and
the fogs of Yazoo, by the Shenandoah and the Mississippi;
under Sheridan or Grant; under Hooker or Dodge; under Rice
or Crocker; under Sherman or Canby; under Wilson or Noble;
under A. J. Smith or Steele; under the gallant leaders that I
cannot take the time to name, wherever danger lurked and men
of courage were needed, Iowa men were given the post of
honor. Some Iowa flags were captured, but their loss was never
coupled with dishonor. Their capture cost the captors dear.
So glorious was our defense that our enemies, now our brethren,
have sent them back to be carried in this memorial of peace.
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES. 59
And here they are to-day on this anniversary of the battle of
Wilson s Creek, and a day that brings a flush of honest pride
to the cheek of every citizen of the Hawkeye state, and recalls
a gallant regiment voluntarily remaining beyond its term of
enlistment to stand by Lyon on that bloody field to teach the
world what Iowa troops were made of. We look with full heart
and swimming eyes upon these colors in their last march.
Rains have drenched them;
Powder smoke has stained them:
Storms have tried and torn them:
The tooth of time has eaten them:
Age has faded them.
But the glory of the deeds they commemorate will never
fade from earth. They are but fragments of silk, frayed, soiled
and torn in a hundred battles and marches, but they represent
those scenes by flood and field where the struggle for peace and
union were fought, and fought to the end. The very stars in
their courses fought for union and liberty. When soldiers defy
death they drive him into the ranks of the enemy, and men defy
death when they fight under the banner of their choice for the
land they love. To the dead who fell by land and sea we give
honor to-day. This festival of the flags is one of special honor
to the dead, and to none more so than those gallant men whose
last resting place is unknown. In a single tomb at Arlington
are deposited the remains of over 2,000 of these unknown
When Iowa s beautiful monument, in honor of her soldiers,
arises near this capitol, let there be inscribed a tablet to her
unknown dead. With the soldiers of foreign birth who laid
down or hazarded their lives for the land of their adoption,
and with the black man who dared death for the government
which had done him nothing but wrong, we share to-day the
honors of victory and the benefits of a free and united country.
A nation s emblem should be appropriate. Ours is the stars
of heaven. The confederacy chose the southern cross to adorn
its battle flag, a constellation invisible even from the most
southern limits of the United States. Australia, with inverted
seasons and alien sky, might well adopt this group of stars as
its standard, but it was not a fitting symbol for any part of the
American union. To the men who fought against us then we
now extend the hand of fellowship. For their gallant dead we
sorrow as well as for our own.
60 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
" Under the sod and the dew,
Waiting" the judgment day,
Under the laurel the blue,
Under the willow the gray."
Theirs was a misplaced sentiment which put the state against
the nation. Our soldiers loved Iowa no less, but they loved the
nation more, and we rejoice that we are brothers once again.
Out of all this turmoil and strife good has come in the provi
dence of God. Prom the body of the lion honey was taken,
and from the tunnel at Anderson ville dug by our soldiers in an
unavailing attempt at freedom, flows now a perpetual spring
amid the graves of a national cemetery. And in the recent
domestic troubles through which we have just passed, the quiet
loyalty of the states so lately arrayed against the government
has been a gratifying and pleasing spectacle.
But while we forgive and accept the erring states back again
into the power as well as the benefits of peace and unity, we
will never fail to teach that the cause of the union and liberty
was then and will be forever right. Let us forgive but
To the prisoner of war nothing was so dear as the flag of his
country, and on returning from the hostile lines its sight has
cheered many a soldier s heart, and made him forget his hunger
and his rags. Let me recall an incident. On the fourth day
of July, 1863, when Pemberton was marching out with the dis
armed defenders of Vicksburg, when Meade was following up
his victory at Gettysburg and the hills of Helena were echoing
with the repulse of Price and Holmes, the prisoners at Libby
wanted to celebrate the day of independence. Surrounded by
guards on all sides, to celebrate the Fourth of July had its
difficulties, and among them was the fact that no flag floated in
Richmond but the hated confederate standard. To celebrate
independence day without the stars and stripes seemed like a
hollow mockery. The old flag must be had at all hazards, and
three soldiers, one wearing a red shirt, another a white, and a
third a blue one, stripped themselves in the cause of patriotism
and the day was celebrated with no feature omitted. The cap
tive ensign fluttering within the prison walls spoke of home, of
country and liberty. The materials were humble, but the flag
was worthy of taking its place among the sacred memorials we
are about to deposit here to-day.
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES. 61
By the presence of these colors I am reminded of the tender
memory of Nathaniel B. Baker, adjutant-general of Iowa, and
of the story he used to tell. To him is mainly due the gather
ing and preservation of these sacred relics. One day, in the
early years after the war, as he was sitting in his office, which
was decorated by these battle flags, a lady dressed in deep
mourning came in and asked to see the flag of the Twentieth
Iowa. The general pointed it out to her and she stood for
awhile in silence and meditation. It hung above her reach.
"May I touch it?" she said, and General Baker moved a table
below it, upon which she climbed, and, pressing the silken folds
to her bosom and lips, she burst into tears and said: "Pardon
my emotion, General, but my only boy died under this flag/
Here, I am told (for I have not counted them), we have 138
flags of all kinds. They are about to be delivered to the gov
ernor of Iowa and his successors in office, as a sacred trust.
Henceforth they will remain as a memorial of the past and an
encouragement for the future. In many a church and abbey in
the old world hang the moldering relics of bygone years and
our young nation now treasures up her memorials of these con
tests none the less brave.
The Iow r a of 1860 w r ith her 674,913 people, has now become a
commonwealth of 2,000,000 souls. In our prairie state are
nearly half as many English-speaking people as trod the planet
in the days of Shakespeare. Our state is young, but the possi
bilities of her future fill our hearts with hope and w r orthy
pride. No blood or treasure has been spared to build and
cement Iowa, the beautiful, as a part of the great temple of
national unity. We have no anticipation of her future that we
do not merge into that greater glory, the sisterhood of all the
states. To-day closes a chapter of the record of the war. We
deposit these silent yet eloquent memorials forever in the
capitol. To the governor of our commonwealth we deliver
them for the sacred keeping of coming generations, of a grate
ful, an honest, a patriotic and a Christian people. And now, as
we lift our hearts in silent gratitude to Almighty God, let us
one and all say, "God bless, God bless Old Glory forever."
No. 1 Thirty-first Infantry.
No. 2 Thirty-second Infantry.
No. 3 Thirty -third Infantry.
No. 4 Thirty-fourth Infantry.
No. 5 Tbirty-fiftb Infantry.
No. 6 Thirty-sixtb Infantry.
No. 7 Thirty-eigbtb Infantry.
No. 8 Tbirty-ninth Infantry.
No. 9 fortieth Infantry.
No. 10 Sixtieth U- S- Infantry.
GOV. FRANK D. JACKSON
On Accepiing the Flags in Behalf of the State.
ETERAN heroes of Iowa: We are all proud of
the great achievements accomplished by the
state of Iowa during her half century of exist
ence, but let me assure you, my veteran
friends, that in the minds and hearts of this
great and intelligent people of Iowa, it all
dwindles into insignificance beside the mighty
heart- swelling of glory and pride which every
loyal citizen of Iowa takes in the glorious record of deeds of
valor of that gallant young army, which over thirty years ago
she sent forth under the bright folds of these now tattered and
faded battle flags.
The guns of Fort Sumter had hardly died away before an
outraged people resolved to resent the insult made and to save
the union. How well do I remember the stirring scenes that
followed in the echoes of that fatal shot. The very air was
charged with the spirit of patriotism. The fife and drum fur
nished the inspiration of liberty, while millions of loyal citizens
kept step to the music of the union. Great war meetings were
held in every community and crowded the largest halls to over
flowing. Our cities and towns were thronged with a loyal and
liberty-loving people. From the farms and workshops, from
the counters and from the offices came the thousands ready to
sacrifice their all for the glory and perpetuity of their country.
I can hear those glorious songs of liberty now. I can hear the
burning words of patriotism. I can see the thousands of
young men in those great war meetings pushing their way
down through the excited crowds, and amid storms of enthusi
asm march out under the folds of their country s flag and sign
68 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
the enlistment rolls to go forth to battle for their country s
honor and the nation s life.
You, my brave friends, remember it all. You were all there.
You remember how a few days later the company assembled in
the public square to be mustered in. Everybody was there for
miles around to see the boys march away. The fathers and
mothers were there. The sisters and brothers, and sweet
hearts were all there. And amidst the cheers and tears, the
sobs and heart-breakings, that gallant young company wheeled
into line, keeping step to the roll of the beating drum and
under the bright folds of these faded and tattered flags here
to-day, marched away to battle and to die.
Four long and weary years the loyal hearts at home waited
and prayed. With what earnestness did they scan the papers
for the latest news from the front, and when the news came of
another great battle, with what breathless eagerness did their
eyes follow down the long list of dead and wounded to see if
some of their own loved ones had fallen. How the hearts
throbbed with joy over the news of a battle won. How they
sank in anguish and despair at the information of defeat and
death. And, finally, what joy and happiness fills the land
when news is received that rebellion is crushed, that the flag
of our country is saved; that the boys are coming home again.
And how they waited and hoped and prayed for the return of
And here they come up the street keeping step to the roll of
the same old drum; under the folds of the same old flag, now
riddled and rent with shot and shell and stained with dust and
blood, and yet a flag redeemed and saved to float forever over
one country and a united people. Everybody was there with
outstretched arms to welcome the boys back again. The old
fathers and mothers were all there. And what a welcome!
And with it all what sadness and anguish!
The company wheels into line to be mustered out. Here and
there are vacant places of those who never returned. Here and
there are those with one leg or one arm ; others sick and emaci
ated, just from the hells of Andersonville and Libby.
Veteran soldiers of Iowa, let me assure you that from the
beginning to the end of that mighty struggle the great loyal
heart of Iowa was always with you and for you. It was with
you just thirty- three years ago to-day when the rebel forces at
Wilson s Creek formed ten different times and with glistening^
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES. 69
bayonets charged and recharged over the ground strewn with
Iowa s dead and wounded, and ten times were hurled back to
death and defeat by an Iowa regiment which stood there like a
wall of adamant. How the great heart of Iowa throbbed and
swelled with joy and pride over this first heroic defense of the
honor of our state and the glory of our flag.
The heart of Iowa was with you at Shiloh, where Iowa sol
diers fought with a heroism that is nursed only in the cradle of
liberty, a heroism and bravery never surpassed in all the war
history of the world.
It was with you at Donelson, where the flag of an Iowa regi
ment waves in everlasting glory and honor. The heart of Iowa
was with you at Belmont and Pea Ridge, at Corinth and Prairie
Grove, at Missionary Ridge and Atlanta. It was with you as
you laid there in the trenches before Vicksburg. Every heart
throb of the great, loyal people of Iowa vibrated down into the
very center of rebeldom, giving encouragement and cheer to
the boys from Iowa. That great heart is still with you, veteran
heroes of Iowa only it is a bigger and a stronger heart. It s
the heart of more than two millions of people, extending to you
here to-day God s blessings along with its lasting love, its grat
itude and its honor.
What a pleasure it would be for me here to-day, had I the
time, to rehearse the glorious deeds of valor of Iowa regiments
and Iowa soldiers. My first thought was to select some of the
principal engagements during the war in which the Iowa troops
participated, but after a careful investigation of the conspic
uous part Iowa troops took in nearly all the great battles of the
rebellion, I can tell you frankly that my task would be much
shorter and lighter were I to relate to you that part of the war s
history in which Iowa troops were not participants. Oat of a
population of a little over six hundred thousand, the young
state of Iowa sent forth over seventy thousand to the defense
of the flag. It was Iowa soldiers that marched from the Des
Moines river to the Atlantic ocean, and penetrated the interior
of every rebel state in the union. It was an Iowa regiment
that marched into South Carolina, tore down the rebel flag
from her capitol, hoisted the stars and stripes, and brought the
treasonable trophy back to Iowa, and it is here to-day, the
property of our state."
In the language of a gallant Iowa soldier, from the begin
ning until the end the story of Iowa valor was the same as that
70 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
of tried comrades from other states. Not greater, for all were
brave; but the Iowa soldiers were conspicuously so. Their
fortune kept them at the front; they were the first everywhere.
These tattered and precious battle flags floated at the front in
every battle and were always found where tne conflict was the
thickest and the danger greatest. At Wilson s Creek, luka,
Donelson and Shiloh, at Vicksburg, Atlanta, Allatoona, Chatta
nooga and Mobile, wherever Grant and Sherman led they fol
lowed, and to victory. They were the heroes, the history
makers of the state; their deeds will live on forever. From the
beginning to the end these scarred and tattered flags floated
over as brave an army as ever trod the face of the earth; over
a hundred battle fields they waved in triumph.
Ours was a war for freedom; a war for the unchaining of
millions of human beings. Fortunate the people to whom is
given such a glorious opportunity to strike a blow for human
liberty. And this is the record of but one young and vigorous
state in behalf of freedom.
Increase these 135 battle flags by those furnished by other
loyal states of this union, until they reach into the thousands,
and then merge them all into one great and glorious flag of
liberty; increase the awful sacrifice of human life until the
blood of a million men has been freely poured upon the altar of
our civil liberty, add to this a treasure of more than two billion
of dollars, and then you have only the tangible sacrifices made
by the loyal people of this great union in behalf of liberty.
What is this great flag of ours for which so much blood and
treasure has been spent? It is the emblem representing the
will of sixty millions of American freemen, the uncrowned king
of this great republic. I saw a regiment of soldiers a few days
ago assemble for parade. I saw, as a distinction of honor, a
company selected to escort the colors to the parade grounds
and present them to the regiment, to the music of "The Star
Spangled Banner." I saw the flag escorted between two
platoons of soldiers in front of the line and received at "present
arms " by the entire regiment the highest honor that is given
in military tactics.
That flag is the uncrowned king of the American army. In
line of review, when passing before the president of the United
States or the chief executive of the state, the flag is received
with greater honor and distinction than is accorded any human
being on the face of this earth. With uncovered heads it is
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES. 71
received, because it stands for the majesty of law and for the
will of the people. Surely that flag is the uncrowned king of
the American people.
The flag of governments other than republics may represent
the will of some of the people, but invariably there is a person
ality along with it represented in the arbitrary will of the
ruler. Thank God the stars and stripes has no personality in
it. It represents only the will of all the people. The chief
executive, who is selected temporarily to administ r and enforce
the law, has no more personality in our flag than has the humblest
citizen who stands beneath its protective folds. It is therefore
a matter of surprise and regret that after more than a hundred
years of national existence there are still citizens of this
republic who fail to comprehend the relations of the citizen to
the flag. It would seem as if the prejudice of centuries against
the personality of the flag in despotic forms of government
still exists here in America, and exists, too, against a flag that
has no personality whatever. The stars and stripes stand for
law, and that law made by the people, and in the making of
that law every voter in this great land has had an exact and
equal opportunity. How foolish it is then for American citi
zens to hurl personal epithets against the chief executive of
the nation or state who is temporarily charged with the duty
of maintaining the honor of the flag by enforcing the law
which the people themselves have made. A wanton violation
of law, whether by one person or a thousand, is not an insult
to the executive of a state or nation, but an insult to the people
themselves who made the law. And that insult is no greater
so far as defying the will of the people and insulting the
majesty of their law, in the commission of the crime of murder,
than it is in the commission of a simple breach of the peace.
The will of the people has been insulted, the majesty of law
defied the flag spurned and humiliated, as much in the one
case as in the other. Violation of law has been fixed by the
will of the people as the starting point for putting the machin
ery in motion for the enforcement of law. Not a violation
resulting in bloodshed, not a violation that destroys millions of
property, but violation of law. No discretionary power is
given the executive to wait for bloodshed or destruction of
property before the machinery for enforcement shall be used.
The commencement of violation is the signal for starting in
motion the machinery for its enforcement.
72 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
Unfortunate it is for the American people that there seems
to be a sentiment among some of them in direct opposition to
their own laws; a sentiment demanding the executive to wait
until somebody is killed or some vast amount of property
destroyed before the enforcement of law begins. Study and
reflection on behalf of these people, I am convinced, will result
in the gradual advancement of this unwise public sentiment in
some localities, up to those very wise laws, which these same
people have made, which require the executive to commence
the enforcement of the law at the instant law is violated. The
insult to the flag and the people s law is no greater, made by
the red handed anarchists in placing the torch where it destroys
life and property, than it is by the so-called industrial army
traveling through the country intimidating and holding up
communities for food and shelter. Both are violations of law,
both wanton insults to the people who made the law. A public
sentiment which shall demand a rigid enforcement of all law
by the executive of the nation, of states and of counties, is
essential to the progress and perpetuity of our American
government. A public sentiment which fails to demand the
same swift and rigid enforcement of law against a thousand
violators that it does against a single individual is a sickly sen
timent indicative of governmental weakness, a maudlin senti
mentality, dangerous alike to the freedom, happiness, and
prosperity of the people. I am convinced that the strong and
healthy sentiment of the American people demands that all the
laws shall be obeyed, and that they shall be rigidly enforced
whether it be against a single violator or a mob of ten thousand.
The blood and treasure expended to preserve this mighty
fabric of civil liberty, is too awful a sacrifice to have it endan
gered now by a weak and sickly sentiment. A government,
the best ever devised by mankind for the protection of the
people s liberty, a government which gives the poor man
better opportunities for advancement in life than any other
government known to civilization, must not and will not be
endangered and its usefulness impaired by the failure of a
small portion of the American people to discern the difference
between liberty in its broadest sense and license. Patriotism
and loyalty in the enforcement of all law by the American
people means the continual and lasting glory of the American
EXERCISES AND ADDRESSES. 73
Like an echo of the past come the words of inspiration from
the immortal Lincoln: "Let reverence of law be breathed by
every mother to the lisping babe that prattles on her lap; let
it be taught in the schools, seminaries and colleges; let it be
written in primers, spelling-books and almanacs; let it be
preached from pulpits and proclaimed in legislative halls, and
enforced in courts of justice. In short let it become the polit
ical re igion of the American people."
These loved and honored battle flags how dear they are to
the heart of Iowa. Once so bright and beautiful, now so ragged
and tattered and faded. But we love them revere them and
honor them for what they are and for all they represent. We
love them because that grand old patriot, Iowa s war governor,
sent you forth under the folds of these bright flags to battle
and to die for liberty. We love them because their bright stars
caught the last dying look of Iowa heroes on the field of glory.
We love them w r ith all their rags and tatters, because they are
stained with the blood of Iowa s noblest, bravest and best. We
love them because they waved in triumph over a hundred battle
fields and because they always stood for liberty and for right.
In again assuming the care and protection of these precious
emblems of liberty, let me assure you, veteran heroes, that
the state of Iowa fully realizes and appreciates their priceless
value. Here in Iowa s beautiful capitol they shall remain for
ever, forming a sacred altar around which will gather, in loving
remembrance, the grateful hearts of more than two millions of
people. As long as their faded folds shall hang together they
shall teach the generations that are to follow, the loyalty and
bravery of Iowa s soldiers. And when the hand of time shall
have brushed away the last faded shred of these precious and
priceless emblems, their memory shall remain forever an inspir
ation to deeds of honor, of heroism and of glory.
Xfat ano Description of
deposited in tbe Capitol JBuflfcfng
Bugust 10, 1894.
LIST AND DESCRIPTION OF IOWA BATTLE FLAGS.
No. 1. National flag, First infantry; inscribed: "Springfield."
Turned over by state historical society, August
No. 2. National flag, Second infantry; inscribed: "2nd Regt.
Iowa Vols. " Official report of battle at Ft. Doiiel-
son by Colonel Tuttle, says: I cannot omit in this
report an account of the color guard. Color Ser
geant Doolittle fell early in the engagement, pierced
by four balls and dangerously wounded. The colors
were then taken by Corporal Page, Company B,
who soon fell dead. They were again raised by
Corporal Churcher, Company I, who had his arm
broken just as he entered the entrenchments,
when they were taken by Corporal Twombly,
Company F, who was almost instantly knocked
down by a spent ball, but immediately rose and
bore them gallantly to the end of the fight. Not a
single man of the color guard but himself was on
his feet at the close of the engagement.
No. 3. National flag, Second infantry; inscribed: "Fort Don-
elson, Shiloh and Corinth."
No. 4. National flag, Second infantry.
No. 5. National flag, Second infantry; inscribed: "Fort Don-
No. 6. Banner, Second infantry.
No. 7. Banner, Second infantry.
No. 8. National flag, Third infantry; inscribed: "Blue Mills,
Shiloh," "Siege of Corinth, Matamora," "Siege
of Vicksburg, Jackson." This flag was captured
before Atlanta, July 22, 1864, by Cleburne s division,
78 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
and presented by Cleburne to Miss Laura J. Mass-
engale (now Mrs. Pickett) who returned the flag
to the adjutant-general of Iowa, August 7, 1883.
No. 9. National flag, Third infantry; inscribed: "Blue Mills,
Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Matamora, Vicksburg,
Jackson, Atlanta, Sherman s March to the Sea,
Savannah, the Carolinas."
No. 10. National flag, Fourth infantry; inscribed: "Pea Ridge,
March 7 and 8, 1862."
No. 11. Banner, Fourth infantry.
No. 12. Banner, Fourth infantry.
No. 13. National flag, Fifth infantry.
No. 14. Banner, Fifth infantry; inscribed: "5th Regt. Iowa
Vet. Vol. Infantry."
No. 15. Banner, Fifth infantry.
No. 16. Banner, Sixth infantry; inscribed: "6th Regt. Iowa
Veteran Vols. "
No. 17. National flag, Sixth infantry.
No. 18. National flag, Sixth infantry.
No. 19. National flag, Seventh infantry.
No. 20. National flag, Seventh infantry.
No. 21. Banner, Seventh infantry.
No. 22. Banner, Eighth infantry; inscribed: "8th Iowa Vet
eran Regt. Infantry."
No. 23. National flag, Eighth infantry.
No. 24. National flag, Eighth infantry; from the citizens of
Memphis, July, 1864.
No. 25. Banner, Eighth infantry.
No. 26. Banner, Ninth infantry.
No. 27. Banner, Ninth infantry; received from sanitary fair
of Dubuque, 1864, and presented to the adjutant-
general September, 1889
No. 28. National flag, Ninth infantry; extract from history of
regiment: On the 22d of May (1863) in line with
the whole army of the Tennessee, the regiment
went first up to the assault. Its colors went down
a few feet from the rebel works after the last one
of its guard had fallen, either killed or wounded,
and its dripping folds were drawn thence from
under the bleeding body of its prostrate bearer."
No. 29. National flag, Ninth infantry; inscriptions: "Pea
Ridge, Chickasaw Bayou Arkansas Post, Jackson,
LIST OF FLAGS. 79
Siege of Vicksburg, Cherokee, Tuscumbia, Look
out Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Ringgold, Resaca,
Dallas, New Hope, Big Shanty, Kenesaw Moun
tain, Chattahoochie, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy
and Eden Station, Savannah, Congaree Creek,
Columbia, Bentonville. "
No. 30. Banner, Tenth infantry; inscribed: Tenth Iowa
No. 31. Banner, Tenth infantry; inscribed: "10th Iowa Vet
eran Vols. "
No. 32. National flag, Eleventh infantry.
No. 33. National flag, Eleventh infantry.
No. 34. Banner, Eleventh infantry.
No. 35. Banner, Twelfth infantry; inscribed: "Our liberties
we prize and our rights we will maintain."
No. 36. Banner, Twelfth infantry; inscribed: "12th Iowa Vet
eran Vol. infantry."
No. 37. National flag, Twelfth infantry; inscribed: "Fort Don-
elson, bhiloh, Corinth."
No. 38. National flag, Thirteenth infantry; inscribed: "Siege
of Corinth, luka, Corinth, Vicksburg, Atlanta,
Savannah, Columbia, Bentonville, Raleigh." The
first United States flag raised over the state house
at Columbia, S. C., by Lieut. -Col. J C. Kennedy,
Thirteenth Iowa Veteran Volunteer infantry, Feb
ruary 17, 1865.
No. 39. National flag, Fourteenth infantry; inscribed: "Donel-
son, Shiloh, Corinth."
No. 40. Banner, Fourteenth infantry; turned over to adjutant-
general, under authority from war department
dated December 6, 1864, by adjutant Fourteenth
No. 41. National flag, Fifteenth infantry; inscribed: "Cor
inth;" turned over to adjutant-general by L. S.
No. 42. National flag, Fifteenth infantry; from L. S. Tyler,
No. 43. National flag, Fifteenth infantry; inscribed: "Shiloh,
Siege of Corinth, luka, Corinth, Nicka Jack, July
4th, 5th and 7th, 1864. Vicksburg, Atlanta, July
21st, 22nd, and 28th, 1864. Mediden, Atlanta and
80 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
No. 44. National flag, Fifteenth infantry; inscribed: "Siege
of Corinth, Corinth, Vicksburg, Monroe, Meriden,
Bolton s Cross Roads, Big Shanty, Kenesaw, Nicka
Jack, Chattahoochie, Before Atlanta July 20, 21,
22, and 28. Jonesboro, Lovejoy s Station, Atlanta,
Snake Creek Gap, Savannah, Pocotaligo, Salke-
hatchie, Orangebury, Columbia, Fayetteville, Ben-
tonville, Goldsboro, N. C."
No. 45. Banner, Fifteenth infantry; inscribed: "15th Iowa
No. 46. Banner, Fifteenth infantry; from L. S. Tyler, 1891.
No. 47. Banner, Fifteenth infantry.
No. 48. National flag, Sixteenth infantry; captured with the
regiment July 22, 1864, before Atlanta; returned
to regiment during reunion in 1883 by General
Govan and turned over to adjutant-general by Col.
A. H. Saunders in 1884.
No. 49. National flag, Sixteenth infantry.
No. 50. Banner, Sixteenth infantry.
No. 51. Banner, Sixteenth infantry.
No. 52. National flag, Seventeenth infantry.
No. 53. National flag, Seventeenth infantry; turned over by
Col. D. B. Hillis in 1883.
No. 54. National flag, Seventeenth infantry; inscribed: "Siege
of Corinth, May 28, 1862; luka, September 19, 1862;
Corinth, October 3 and 4, 1862; Raymond, May 12,
1863; Jackson, May 14, 1863; Champion Hills, May
16, 1863; Siege of Vicksburg. May 22, 1863; Fort
Hill, July 26, 1863; Mission Ridge, November 25,
1863; Atlanta, July 27 and 28, 1864; Tilton, October
13, 1864; Savannah, December 21, 1864; Colum
bia, February 17, 1865; Bentonville, March 18-22,
No. 55. Banner, Seventeenth infantry
No. 56. Banner, Seventeenth infantry.
No. 57. Banner, Eighteenth infantry.
No. 58. Banner, Eighteenth infantry.
No. 59. National flag, Eighteenth infantry.
No. 60. Banner, Nineteenth infantry.
No. 61. National flag, Nineteenth infantry; "Prairie Grove,
Ark., Dec. 7th, 1862; Van Buren. Ark , Dec. 28,
1862; Vicksburg, Miss., July 4, 1863; Yazoo, Miss.,
LIST OF FLAGS. 81
July 13, 1863; Sterling Farm, La., Sept. 29, 1863;
Brownsville, Texas, Nov. 6, 1863."
No. 62. National flag, Nineteenth infantry; inscribed: "Prairie
Grove, Ark., Dec. 7, 1862; Van Buren, Ark., Dec.
28, 1862; Vicksburg, Miss., July 4, 1863; Yazoo
City, Miss., July 13, 1863; Sterling Farm, Sept.
29, 1863; Brownsville, Texas, Nov. 6, 1863."
No. 63. National flag, Twentieth infantry.
No. 64. Banner, Twentieth infantry.
No. 65. Banner, Twentieth infantry.
No. 66. National flag. Twenty-first infantry.
No. 67. Banner, Twenty-first infantry; inscribed: "Port Gib
son, Champion Hills, Black River Bridge, Hunts-
ville, Vicksburg, Jackson."
No. 68. Banner, Twenty-second infantry.
No. 69. Banner, Twenty-second infantry. Received from war
department, 1894, through Hon. J H. Gear.
No. 70. National flag, Twenty -second infantry. Received from
J. C. Schrader, August, 1894.
No. 71. Banner, Twenty-third infantry.
No. 72. National flag, Twenty- third infantry; inscribed: "Port
Gibson. May 1st, 1863; Champion Hills, May 16,
1863; Black River Bridge, May 17, 1863; Millikens
Bend, June 7, 1863; Vicksburg, May, 18th to 22nd,
Vicksburg, July 4, 1863; Jackson, July 9th to 16th,
1863; Fort Esperanza, November 27 and 28, 1863."
No. 73. National flag, Twenty-fourth infantry; inscribed:
"Port Gibson, Champion Hills, Jackson, Sabine
Cross Roads. Opegan, Fishers Hill, Cedar Creek."
No. 74. National flag, Twenty-fifth infantry.
No. 75. National flag, Twenty-fifth infantry.
No. 76. Banner flag, Twenty-fifth infantry.
No. 77. Banner, Twenty-fifth infantry.
No. 78. Banner, Twenty-fifth infantry.
No. 79. Banner, Twenty-sixth infantry.
No. 80. National flag, Twenty-sixth infantry.
No. 81. National flag, Twenty- sixth infantry.
No. 82. National flag, Twenty- seventh infantry; inscribed:
"Little Rock, Sept. 10, 1863; Ft. De Russey, La.,
May 18, 1864; Ditch Bayou, Ark., July 6, 1864;
Tupelo, Miss., July 14, 1864; Old Town Creek, July
B2 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
15, 1864; Nashville, Dec. 15, 1864; Siege and Cap
ture of Blakely, April 2 to 9, 1865."
No. 83. Banner, Twenty -seventh infantry.
No. 84. Banner, Twenty -seventh infantry.
No. 85. National flag, Twenty-eighth infantry; inscribed:
"Port Gibson, Edwards Station, Champion Hills,
No. 86. Banner Twenty-eighth infantry.
No. 87. Banner, Twenty-eighth infantry.
No. 88. National flag, Twenty-eighth infantry; inscribed:
Port Gibson Edwards Station Champion Hills,
Vicksburg, Jackson, Sabine Cross Roads, Cane
River, Middle Bayou, Mansura, Yellow Bayou,
Opequan, Fishers Hill, Cedar Creek."
No. 89. Banner, Twenty-ninth infantry. Turned over by Col.
Thomas H. Benton, Jr., August 25, 1865.
No. 90. National flag, Thirtieth infantry. Turned over by
Col. A. Roberts, June 17, 1865.
No. 91. National flag, Thirtieth infantry; inscribed: "Battles
participated in by the 30th Regt Iowa Vol. Infan
try, Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas Post, Battle of
19th and 22d of May and Siege of Vicksburg, Jack
son, Brandon, Cherokee Station, Lookout Moun
tain, Missionary Ridge, Ringgold, Resaca, Dallas,
Kenesaw Mountain, Nicka Jack, Before Atlanta
July 22nd to 28th, Jonesboro, Lovejoy s Station,
Bentonville, and Raleigh."
No. 92. National flag, Thirty-first infantry.
No. 93. Banner, Thirty-first infantry.
No. 94. Banner, Thirty-first infantry.
No. 95. National flag, Thirty-first infantry. Chickasaw Bayou,
Arkansas Post, Fourteen Mile Creek, Vicksburg
assaults 19th and 22d of May, Jackson, Canton,
Cherokee Station, Tuscumbia, Lookout Mountain,
Mission Ridge, Ringgold, Resaca, Dallas, New
Hope Church, Kenesaw Mountain, Chattahoochie
River, Decatur, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy, Little
River, Savannah, Congaree Creek, Columbia, Ben
tonville and Raleigh.
No. 96. National flag, Thirty- second infantry; Cape Girardeau,
Bayou Metaire, Fort De Russey, Pleasant Hills,
Marksville, Yellow Bayou, Lake Chicot, Tupelo,
LIST OP FLAGS. 83
Old Town Creek, Nashville, Brentwood Hills, Ft
Blakely; from the ladies of Waterloo, 1864.
No. 97. Banner, Thirty-third infantry.
No. .98. National nag, Thirty-third infantry; Yazoo Pass,
Helena, Little Rock, Prairie D Ann, Poison
Springs, Jenkins 1 Ferry, Mobile.
No. 99. Banner, Thirty-fourth infantry.
No. 100. National nag, Thirty-fourth infantry; Chickasaw
Bluff, Arkansas Post, Vicksburg, Yazoo City, Ft.
No. 101. National flag, Thirty-fourth infantry.
No. 102. Banner, Thirty-fifth infantry.
No. 103. Banner, Thirty-fifth infantry.
No. 104. National flag, Thirty-fifth infantry
No. 105. National flag. Thirty-fifth infantry.
No. 106. Banner, Thirty-sixth infantry.
No. 107. Banner, Thirty-sixth infantry.
No. 108. National flag, Thirty-eighth infantry; turned over
to adjutant-general by Robert McNutt, late sur
geon of regiment, in 1888.
No. 109. National flag, thirty-ninth infantry; Parker s Cross
Roads, Tenn., 1862; Cherokee Station, Ala., 1863;
Town Creek, Ala., 1863; Snake Creek Gap, Ga.,
1864; Lay s Ferry, Ga., 1864; Allatoona, Ga.,
1864; Columbia, S. C., 1865; Bentonville, N. C.,
No. 110. National flag, Thirty-ninth infantry; turned over by
Col. J. M. Griffith, August, 1894.
No. 111. Banner, Thirty -ninth infantry; turned over by Col.
J. M. Griffith, August, 1894.
No. 112. National flag, Fortieth infantry; Helena, Little Rock,
Elkin s Ford, Prairie D Ann, Camden, Jenkins
Ferry, Marks Mills Fort Pemberton.
No. 113. National flag, First colored regiment, infantry (also
known as Sixtieth U. S. colored infantry).
No. 114. Banner, unknown; received from adjutant-general of
No. 115. Banner, First battery; first at Pea Ridge, March 7
and 8, 1862; Lookout Mountain, Kenesaw Moun
tain; Atlanta, July 20, 21, 22 and 28th; first at
Port Gibson, May 1, 1863; Atlanta, August 11,
1864; Missionary Ridge, Resaca, Dallas, New
84 BATTLE FLAG DAY.
Hope, Church, Chickasaw, Arkansas Post, Siege
of Vicksburg, Chattahoochie River, Jackson,
Cherokee, Tuscumbia; presented by the city of
Burlington to First Iowa battery, February 15,
No. 116. Banner, First Iowa battery. First at Pea Ridge,
March 7th and 8th, 1862; Chickasaw Bayou, Arkan
sas Post, Port Gibson, Jackson, Siege of Vicks
burg, Cherokee, Tuscumbia, Lookout Mountain,
Resaca, Dallas, Burnt Hickory, Kenesaw, Nicka
Jack, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy Station."
No. 117. National flag, Second battery.
No. 118. National flag, Second battery. (Veteran.)
No. 119. Banner, Third battery; "Sugar Creek, February 17th,
Pea Ridge, March 7th and 8th; Helena, July 4th;
Ft. Pemberton; Little Rock." Presented to bat
tery in fall of 1862 by ladies of Milwaukee. The
coat of arms of Iowa is placed on one side and
that of Wisconsin on the other.
No. 120. National flag, First cavalry.
No. 121. Banner (small), Second cavalry. (Veteran.)
No. 122. Banner (small), Second cavalry. (Veteran.)
No. 123. Guidon, Second cavalry.
No. 124. Guidon, Second cavalry.
No. 125. Guidon, Third cavalry.
No. 126. Banner (small), Third cavalry.
No. 127. National flag, Third cavalry.
No. 128. National flag, Third cavalry, (Veteran.) "Pea Ridge,
Kirksville, Vicksburg, Little Rock, Harrisburg,
Big Blue, Osage, Montevallo, Ala., Mch. 31, 1865;
Ebenezer Church, April 1, 1865; Columbus, Ga.,
April 16, 1865; Selma, Ala., April 2, 1865."
No. 129. Guidon, Fourth cavalry.
No. 130. Banner (small), Fourth cavalry.
No. 131. National flag, Fourth cavalry. Big Blue, October 23,
1864; Osage, October 25, 1864; Jackson, May 14,
July 9 to July 14, 1863, February 5, 1864; Haines
Bluff captured by Fourth Iowa cavalry, May 19,
1863; Siege of Vicksburg, 1863; Canton, July, 1863;
Medidian, February 4, 1864; Tupelo, July 13, 1864;
Selma, April 2, 1865, and closing battles.
LIST OF FLAGS.
No. 132. Banner (small), Fifth cavalry. (Veteran.)
No. 133. Banner (small), Fifth cavalry.
No. 134. Banner, Seventh cavalry.
No. 135. Guidon, Eighth cavalry.
No. 136. Banner, Eighth cavalry.
No. 137. Guidon, Eighth cavalry.
No. 138. National flag, Thirty-fifth infantry. Jackson, May
14; Vicksburg; Jackson, July 16; Henderson Hill;
Pleasant Hill; Mansuri; Yellow Bayou; Old River
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