N e wport H ist orical S ociety
Number Eighteen NEWPORT, R. I. October, 1915
The Battle of Rhode Island
Ex-Governor CHARLES WARREN LIPPITT
A Paper read at a Special Meeting of the Society in the Old State House
September 25th, 1915.
Copyright 1915 by Charles Warren Lippitt
August 29, 1778, in the annals of Rhode Island, is historic.
Its memories are dear to the nation as well as to the State. To
commemorate the deeds of national heroes links the present with
the past and guards the nation's future. To honor patriotic
sacrifices inspires similar efforts in later emergencies.
Late in July, 1778, a stately fleet of 12 line-of-battleships
and four frigates, containing Count D'Estaing's expedition to aid
the Colonial cause, appeared off Newport. Moving majestically
forward, they soon anchored, extending from the Narragansett
shore to Brenton's Neck, completely closing the harbor. Later
three of the frigates advanced to Seaconnet, and their appearance
at Fogland Ferry in the East passage caused the British to burn
three armed vessels.
July 30, two French ships of the line forced their way by the
batteries about Newport and passed on further up the bay, caus-
ing the burning of eight and the sinking of 13 British ships.
August 6, eleven of the French ships approached Newport, and
under a heavy cannonade passed the town and its batteries. The
only British frigate remaining in the harbor and a number of
transports were burned in the greatest haste.
In addition to the transports destroyed, the following English
ships of war were sunk or burned to prevent their capture by the
French; Lark, Orpheus, Juno, Flora, Cerberus, Falcon, and
Kingfisher. The French Government allowed prize money at
600 livres per gun carried by all British vessels destroyed, and
the total guns captured was 212. At that time a livre was
worth two thirds of a dollar and the total in prize money there-
fore amounted to $84,800.
It is unnecessary on this occasion to trace the landing of
Gen. Sullivan's army on the island of Rhode Island and its sub-
sequent operations to capture Newport; to estimate the propriety
of the French effort to join battle with the English fleet off Point
Judith; to examine the effects of the furious i\ngust gale that
wrought such havoc with both fleets and armies; or to determine
the necessity of refitting D'Estaing's fleet at Boston, and its
abandonment of Sullivan and the Continental Army on Rhode
As an illustration of the influence of sea-power in military
operations it is most pertinent. The English holding control of
Narragansett Bay, all efforts to capture Newport were futile and
could only result in disaster. Rhode Islanders cannot ignore that
lesson. The stern necessity of an adequate naval force to protect
the extended national domain was never greater. Never before
in history has such time been required to create the ships, guns
and accessories, necessary for a modern navy, and to insirnct the
personnel to successfully use modern engines of war on the w-orld's
oceans. " To maintain peace be prepared for war."
The absence of D'Estaing and the French fleet in the cam-
paign on Rhode Island gave the English an overwhelming ad-
vantage. The separation of the Continental forces from the
mainland by wide waterways, and the probabilitv of reinforce-
ments to the English garrison of Newport from New York, sup-
ported by an English fleet, constituted a most serious menace.
Prudent regard for the safety of the army required the abandon-
ment of the siege until the return of the French fleet, and Gen.
Sullivan arranged for the withdrawal of his army from the
trenches before Newport.
During the night of August 28th and 29th the Americans
effected a most orderly retreat toward the north end of the island,
although even then ardent hopes were entertained that upon the
reappearance of D'Estaing active siege operations could be
The main portion of the army encamped on Butt's hill, its
right extending to the West, and its left to the East, road, with
flanking and covering parties prolonged toward the water on each
side of the island.
About three miles south of this position on Windmill hill, in
the neighborhood of a cross-road, joining the East and West
roads. Col. Henry B. Livingston was posted with a light corps
consisting of Col. Jackson's detachment and another from the
army. On the West road a second light corps was located, com-
manded by Col. Laurens, Col. Fleury and Major Talbot. In the
rear of these troops the picket of the army was stationed, com-
manded by Col. Wade. With these arrangements completed
Gen. Sullivan confidently awaited the British attack.
Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene commanded the right wing, ex-
tending nearly to the western shore of the island. On the extreme
right of his position a small redoubt was located to protect the
Americans from the flanking fire of any English vessels sailing
up the bay from Newport. The command of the left wing of the
army was given to Gen. Lafayette. His hurried journey to
Boston to hasten the arrival of the French troops rendered it im-
possible for him to assume its active command during the battle.
His anxiety to take part in the conflict caused him to provide re-
lays of horses and to cover the 70 miles to Boston in seven, and
the trip back in six and one-half, hours. On his return the retreat
across Howland's Ferry was in progress and he was assigned to
the command of the rear guard.
The discovery early in the morning of August 29, 1778, that
the Americans had abandoned their entrenchments opposite New-
port caused Gen. Pigot to hurriedly arrange to harass their retreat.
The Hessian Chasseurs and the Anspach regiments of Voit and
Seaboth were ordered to advance northward by the West road,
under command of Gen. Losberg. Brig. Gen. Smith, with the
43d and 2 2d British Regiments, and the flank companies of the
38th and the 54th, marched up the East road in search of the
The two armies soon came in touch and skirmishing began.
The Continentals endeavored to delay as much as possible the ad-
vance of the enemy without engaging in a general action. They
made repeated stands, checked the British advance, and then re-
treated to other advantageous positions further north. At times
the contest on the West road was severe. Col. Laurens, in com-
mand on this highway, vigorously resisted the Hessians.
The British detachment endeavoring to force the East road
finally reached the cross-road near the Gibbs place, joining the
East and West roads immediately in front of Col. Livingston's
position. The possibility of the English utilizing this cross-road
had induced Livingston to post his contingent in the field bound-
ing south on the cross-road and easterly on the East road, quite
effectually concealed by its high stone walls and the hixuriantly
Possibly the sharp firing on the West road caused Col. Camp-
bell to consider the Hessians required assistance. Whatever the
reason, half of the Twenty-second British Regiment turned into
this by-road. At a favorable moment the Americans from short
range fired a fearfully effective volley into the unprotected enemy.
The surprise, the falling of the dead and wounded, the attack
coming from almost unseen foes, enabled the Americans to load
and repeat their volley with equally frightful results, before they
retreated. It was claimed that Col. Campbell, afterward Mac-
Culloin More, lost in this terrible onslaught fully one-quarter of
The two light corps were supported for some time by the
picket under Col. Wade. Their successful resistance to the
British advance and the heavy firing caused by the different
skirmishes, induced Gen. Sullivan to send a regiment to support
Col. Livingston and another to the assistance of Col. Laurens.
The Americans made a more persistent stand in the neigh-
borhood of Quaker Hill than was compatible with Gen. Sullivan's
plan of operations. He accordingly sent out one of his aides,
Col. John Trumbull, to order the withdrawal of the troops. In
carrying the message Trumbull had to ascend the northern slope
of Quaker Hill, something more than a mile in length. The
conflict was raging near the top of the eminence. As he pro-
gressed round shot came bounding on and plowed up the ground
in his neighborhood.
He met his friend, Col. Tousard, a member of Lafayette's
military family, whose horse had been killed under him. His
arm had been blown off by the discharge of a field piece, for the
possession of which there had been a sharp struggle, and he was
being led to the rear. Congress, subsequently, for his bravery,
granted him the rank of Lieutenant Colonel by brevet and a pen-
sion of $30 a month for life.
Trumbull later encountered Capt. Walker of Jackson's regi-
ment, shot through the body by a musket ball, proceeding to the
rear, mounted behind a man on horseback. Walker bade the
Colonel a melancholy farewell and died of his wound before night.
Soon giapeshot and musket balls thickly dotted Col. Trum-
ball's path. Urging his horse forward, he quickly reached the
summit of the hill and found himself in the midst of the skirmish.
Col. Wigglesworth commanded the rear guard and elated with
the progress of the engagement, cried out to the Colonel as he
saw him approach, " Don't say a word, Trumbull; I know your
errand, but don't speak; we will beat them in a moment."
Col. Trumbull called his attention to a body of men crossing
obliquely from the West road toward the rear of the guard. Col.
Wigglesworth replied, " They are Americans coming to our
" No sir, those are Germans; their dress is blue and yellow,
not buff; they are moving to intercept your rear," said Col.
Trumbull. " Retreat instantly — don't lose a moment or you
will be cut off." Col. Wigglesworth reluctantly recognized the
situation and withdrew the guard slowly but safely toward the
As Trumbull rode back to report, he met his friend Col.
Sherburne of New Hampshire, a fellow volunteer, who was being
carried to the rear to have his leg amputated. Sherburne was a
volunteer aide to Gen. Glover, who with his military family was
taking breakfast in a house near Quaker Hill, a long mile distant
from the skirmish. The firing on the hill becoming heavy and
incessant, the General directed Mr. Rufus King, also a volunteer
aide, to mount and investigate the conditions.
As Mr. King left the table in obedience to this order Col.
Sherburne took his vacant chair, and was hardly seated before a
spent cannon ball bounded through the open window, fell upon
the floor, rolled toward Sherburne and crushed all the bones of
his foot. The ways of Providence are unforeseen. Who can ac-
count for the power that saved Mr. King from this terrible mis-
fortune and, without apparent cause, inflicted it upon Colonel
It was to him a lasting mortification, as the poor follow
argued " if this had happened to me in the field, in active duty,
the loss of a leg might be borne, but to be condemned through all
future life to say, I lost my leg under the breakfast table is too
Equally remarkable were the frequent escapes from almost
certain death that the gallant Col. Trumbull experienced in
bravely executing the orders of his chief in the momentous cir-
cumstances of the battle. A gust of wind blew off his hat and
there being no time to dismount, he tied a white handkerchief
about his head and continued on duty in this improvised head-
gear, as the hat was not recovered until evening. Mounted on a
superb bay horse, in a summer dress of nankeen and with his
white headdress, he constituted a most conspicuous mark on the
Exposed to every danger of the occasion he escaped entirely
without injury, a result that caused Gen. Mattoon to write him
after the battle, " Your preservation in each of these most daring
enterprises I have ever considered little short of a miracle, and a
most remarkable interposition of Providence for your safety."
Gen. Sullivan also exclaimed on Col. Trumbull's return from
conveying the order to Col. Wigglesworth, to retire the rear
guard ' ' Your escape has been most wonderful . ' '
The British contingent on the East road finally approached
quite near the left wing of the American Army, but after a sharp
action they were repulsed by Gen. Glover and forced to retire to
Quaker Hill. Their line of battle was then formed on Quaker,
Turkey and Anthony Hills, with its right extending nearly to
the eastern and its left to the western, shore of Rhode Island.
Between the hills occupied by the English and Butts Hill, with
its neighboring eminences already occupied by Gen. Sullivan's
army, a valley intervened about a mile wide, somewhat wooded
in places, and interspersed with meadows and thickets of copse.
The English ships of war, with several small armed vessels
that had arrived within a day or two at Newport, were ordered to
take position off the western shore of Rhode Island and flank the
right wing of the American Army. Pending the arrival of these
vessels the English did not force the fighting. At 9 o'clock a
gun on the right of their Hue gave the signal, which was imme-
diately followed by a general cannonade from both armies.
About ten o'clock, the naval contingent having arrived and
opened fire, the British and Hessians on the left of their line
charged down the slope of Anthony Hill in great force to capture
the redoubt and turn the right wing of the American Army.
Gen. Greene commanded at this point, and his men met the
enemy with such destructive volleys of musketry that the ground
was heaped with their dead and wounded and their order totally
The attack was repulsed and the enemy fell back in helpless
rout. Responding, however, to the call of their officers, they
rallied and after re-arranging their broken lines again advanced
to the attack. The day was warm and the hills prevented the
breeze from reaching the valley. The heavy uniform of the
British infantry and of the Hessian Grenadiers greatly impeded
their movements. The Americans met the situation by discard-
ing such garments as interfered with the freedom of their
exertions and utilized their weapons to the utmost extent.
The result of the attack was as before. The frantic efforts
to turn the American right and to capture the redoubt were met
with equal determination to hold the position by the brave men
under Gen. Greene. At last, unable to accomplish their object,
dazed and bewildered by their losses as well as by the courage and
pertinacity of the defence, the enemy was again hurled back and
fled up the slopes of Anthony Hill .
During the hours occupied by these events the Light Troops
under Col. Livingston, that had retarded the advance of the
enemy up the East road in the early morning, had been gaining
a much needed rest on the northern slope of Butts Hill. As the
enemy for tjie third time formed to attack the somewhat
exhausted right wing that had stood the brunt of the conflict
during the day. Col. Livingston with Jackson's regiment was
ordered by Gen. Sullivan to pass around the hil] and attack the
enemy if opportunity offered. Additional troops were ordered to
support Gen. Greene.
Two heavy batteries opened fire upon the ships that had
enfiladed the American right wing and finally silenced their fire.
Gen. Pigot at this point of the battle, observing the danger of
defeat, collected his reserves, to aid his partially disheartened
While the battle was raging on the American right, Gen.
Lovell with his Massachusetts troops was ordered to engage the
British right and rear and gallantly pushed the attack. The re-
inforcement received enabled Gen. Greene to advance a portion of
his forces against his assailants in the meadow, crowding them
together and creating considerable confusion. Livingston watched
for his opportunity and at the proper time led Jackson's regiment
with fixed bayonets against the flank of the already wavering foe.
His fierce attack soon turned the tide of battle and the mass
of British and Hessians were driven across the valley, up the
slopes of the opposite hills to the entrenchments on their summits.
The Americans, closely following the flying enemy, captured
Brady's battery as an evidence of their resistless charge and vic-
All efforts to turn the American right and capture the
redoubt having failed, the enemy at about four in the afternoon
rested in the entrenchments on Quaker, Turkey and Anthony
Hills that they had occupied in the early morning. The conflict
was over, the Americans held their position and controlled the
field of battle.
Anticipations that the struggle would be renewed the next
day, Sunday, were not fulfilled, as both armies were occupied
in the burial of the dead and the care of the wounded. Col.
Campbell of the Twenty-second British Regiment asked per-
mission of Gen. Sullivan during the day to seek on the field for
his nephew who had been killed by his side, but whose body
he could not remove as they were so closely pursued.
At noon, a letter from Gen. Washington was received,
stating that Lord Howe had left New York with five thousand
men to reinforce Newport. It became known that a fleet was off
Block Island, and a letter from Boston announced that Count
D'Estaing could not return as soon as was expected. In these
circumstances, a retreat to the mainland was unanimously ap-
The difficulty of transporting an army with its baggage
across a wide waterway in the face of an enemy of at least equal
force was keenly appreciated. An incessant cannonade was
maintained throughout the day. Nearly the whole army was
employed in fortifying the camp. A large number of tents were
pitched in sight of the enemy. The heavy baggage and stores
were moved to the rear and ferried to the mainland before night.
At dark the tents were struck, the troops with the light baggage
retreated, and before midnight the main army had crossed to
" Not a man was left behind nor the smallest article lost."
The sentinels of the opposing armies were only 200 yards apart,
yet these movements were successfully executed. Lafayette
returned during the retreat from the island and materially assisted
its success. Gen. Sullivan's barge was the last to leave the
island and his life guard suffered severely from the fire of the
Side by side with their former masters, in the fierce contest
on the right of the American line, fought the recently raised bat-
talion of negro troops, formerly Rhode Island slaves, but freed
by their act of enlistment in the service of the Colonies. The
General Assembly of Rhode Island compensated their former
owners for the loss of these men's services.
This battalion suggested by Gen. Varnum, approved by Gen.
Washington, raised and drilled by Col. Christopher Greene,
Lieut. Col. Jeremiah Olney, and Maj. Samuel Ward, was posted
in a grove in the valley near Gen. Greene's position.
Gen. Sullivan in " After orders, Oct. 30, 1778," states "the
Cominander-in-Cliief thinks that (black) regiment will be entitled
to a proper share of the Honors of the day." This is held to be
the first time that negroes were formally enlisted and organized in
the service of the country.
A British survivor wrote of the attack on the rail fence at
the Battle of Bunker Hill.
"Indeed, how could we penetrate it? Most of our Grena-
diers and Light Infantry, the moment of presenting themselves,
lost three-fourths and many nine-tenths of their men. Some had
only eight or nine men in a company left, some only three, four
Gen. Stark, commanding the Americans at this point, relates
of the effect of their fire : ' ' The dead lay as thick as sheep in a
Burgoyne, viewing the battle from the entrenchments on
Copps Hill, impressed by the awe-inspiring grandeur of the scene,
wrote : " The whole was a complication of horror and import-
ance beyond anything it ever came to my lot to be witness to. It
was a sight for a young soldier that the longest service may not
Observation on Government account of the late battle of
Charlestown, published in London Aug. i, 1775, summing up
the results reported : "By this rule the Americans will put the
whole army into the grave or hospitals in three or four nights'
work and an hour's fire in each morning."
It is also pertinent to repeat the language of Gov. Johnstone
in the House of Commons relative to this glorious conflict :
" To a mind who loves to contemplate the glorious spirit of
freedom, no spectacle can be more affecting than the action at
Bunker's Hill. To see an irregular peasantry, commanded by a
physician, inferior in numbers, opposed by every circumstance
of cannon and bombs that could terrify timid minds, calmly await
the attack of the gallant Howe, leading on the best troops in the
world, with an excellent train of artillery, and twice repulsing
those very troops, who had often chased the chosen battalions of
France, and at last retiring for want of ammunition, but in so re-
spectable a manner that they were not even pursued — who can
reflect on such scenes and not adore the constitution of govern-
ment which could breed such men."
At Bunker Hill the British lost 1054 and the Americans 449.
In the battle of Rhode Island, the English lost 1023 ^^^ ^^^
At Bunker Hill, until the British entered the redoubt, the
Americans fought behind entrenchments.
At Butts Hill, the greater part of the fighting was in the open
country, where each army had like opportunities of protection.
At Bunker Hill, the third assault was successful, the redoubt
captured, and the Americans driven from the field.
At Butts Hill, the third assault was repulsed, and the British
driven from the field. The Americans held their position and
controlled the field of battle, not only after the fighting but dur-
ing the whole of the next day, and until they had completed their
arrangements to cross to the mainland.
It is gratifying in the final contest in the afternoon of the
29th, that the British and Hessians were driven from the field by
an application of that cold steel held to be such an universal de-
pendence of the British Army. It was the fierce bayonet charge
of the sturdy yeomeii of Jackson's regiment, under Livingston's
leadership, and their comrades of the right wing under Gen.
Greene's command, that fully satisfied the British fighting desire
on that momentous day, and sent them scurrying in helpless
flight to their earthworks for protection.
Gen. Greene, writing to Gen. Washington concerning the
battle reported: " We soon put the enemy to rout, and I had the
pleasure to see them run in worse disorder than they did at the
battle of Monmouth."
Lafayette justly characterized the battle of Rhode Island as
" The best fought action of the war."
D'Estaing's instructions to refit at Boston were mandatory.
There is abundant proof that much as the absence of his fleet was
regretted, it was the result of uncontrollable circumstances. Had
it been possible for the French to perform their part of the ex-
pedition the entire British Army in Newport would have been
captured. It was reasonably anticipated that such an event
occuring within a year of Burgoyne's capture at Saratoga, would
have resulted in terminating the war.
The sound judgment of Washington induced him to confi-
dently entertain that opinion. He wrote concerning the capture
" If the garrison of that place, consisting of nearly six thou-
sand men, had been captured, as there was, in appearance at least,
a hundred to one in favor of it, it would have given the finishing
blow to the British pretensions of sovereignty over this country;
and would, I am persuaded, have hastened the departure of the
troops in New York as fast as their canvas wings could carry
Lafayette stated to Zachariah Allen at Providence in 1824:
"I believe that this capture would have produced the same de-
cisive result of speedily terminating the American war, as was
subsequently accomplished by the capture of nearly the same Army
at Yorktown, by the successful co-operation of the French fleet
under Count De Grasse, under similar circumstances."
The object of the expedition was not attained, but conclu-
sive evidence was afforded that Newport could not be permanently
held without a garrison suflficiently large to materially interfere
with other British military operations.
The termination of this expedition which had opened with
such promise of success was attended with unusual hazard. Had
Lord Howe with Sir Henry Clinton's forces reached Newport on
August 28th or 29th, instead of the 31st, the larger part, if not
the whole, of Gen. Sullivan's army would have been captured.
The English fleet could easily have controlled the waterways
about Rhode Island and prevented the retreat of the American
army, whose safety depended on the free use of the passage to the
mainland. With this waterway commanded by the English the
Americans could only have surrendered or died.
During the last days of August, 1778, a disaster to the Con-
tinental cause, largely nullifying the prestige of Burgoyne's cap-
ture, was fearfully possible. In such circumstances, that without
foreign aid the British were forced within their Newport entrench-
that the departure of the French fleet was fully appreciated
and its effect upon the resulting situation accepted;
that the retreat to Butts Hill was an eminent success;
that the battle on Rhode Island was a gratif\ ing American
that the masterly retreat to the mainland, across a broad
waterway, in the face of an enemy of at least equal magnitude,
was conducted without loss;
and finally that the American army was saved and the Brit-
ish army materially injured, redounds to the credit of Gen. Sulli-
van, his officers, and men.
Popular criticism is not infallible and is often expressed with-
out adequate knowledge of facts. It is possible, however, to
quote the highest authority relative to the American and the
French campaign against Newport, in which Gen. Washington,
in a general order, entirely concurred:
On September 9, 1778, the following resolutions were passed
by the Continental Congress:
" Resolved, That the retreat made by Maj. Gen. Sullivan,
with the troops under liis command, from Rhode Island, was pru-
dent, timely and well conducted, and that Congress highly ap-
proves of the same.
"Resolved, That the thanks of Congress be given to Maj.
Gen. Sullivan and to the officers and troops under his command,
for their fortitude and bravery displayed in the action of August
29, in which they repelled the British forces and maintained the
" Resolved, That Congress have a high sense of the patriotic
exertions made by the four Eastern States on the late expedition
against Rhode Island.
"Resolved, That His Excellency Count D'Estaing hath
behaved as a brave and wise officer, and that His Excellency and
the officers and men under his command have rendered every
benefit to these States which the circumstances and nature of the
service would admit of, and are fully entitled to the regards of
the friends of America."
The patriots who fought, bled and died, in this momentous
action of the Revolution did not struggle in vain. They and
their comrades on many other bloody fields gave us the priceless
liberties of the Great Republic. Greater freedom of personal effort
under just laws than had theretofore been known, resulting in
prosperity that is the wonder of the world.
The admiration of competitors is seldom expressed. Ameri-
ca's success, however, has caused our English friends serious re-
flection. It is certainly not often that a statement so plain and
pertinent, so unmistakably inspired by the grandeur of
the Great Republic, coming from a recognized authority in the
heart of our great competitor, can be quoted. It is gratifying to
submit the following statement from the London Daily Telegraph
of September 9th, 1903:
" A century ago about 4,000,000 white people lived
in the United States, or approximately as many as live
at present in Bulgaria. At that time Great Britain had
17,000,000 inhabitants, and in wealth the United States
stood in about the same relation to Great Britain as Bul-
garia occupies at the present day. Since then the rela-
tive position has greatly altered. At present the United
States have about 80,000,000 inhabitants, as compared
with only 42,000,000 inhabitants of these islands, and
the United States are unquestionably the most powerful,
the most prosperous, and industrially the most progres-
sive country in the world
"Such progress in power, wealth, and numbers
stands unparalleled and unapproached in the history of
mankind, and it should afford cause for serious reflection
to all who desire to see a similarly splendid development
of the British Empire in the future."
Our unequalled heritage impels us to jealously preserve the
memory, to faithfully honor the saciifices, and to glory in the
success, of the heroes of the Revolution.
" Death for their country, death for freedom's cause,
The smoke of battle for their honored shroud,
A greatful nation, and the world's applause
Are all they ask as, sinking to their rest,
Their eyes refreshed reopen on the blest."
The paper which, through the
courtesy of Gov. Lippitt, we are
enabled to present in this number,
is one of which we, as a Society,
may well feel proud. Many ac-
counts of the Battle of Rhode
Island have been printed, a most
interesting one by Mr. Meyer hav-
ing appeared in a previous copy
of the Bulletin, but we think it
safe to say that Gov. Lippitt has
exceeded all previous historians in
carefulness of preparation and ful-
ness of detail.
We desire to thank the au-
thorities for permitting us to use
the Representative Chamber for
the two public meetings of the
Society, while our new building is in
process of erection.
The new building is progressing
satisfactorily though when it will
be finished is impossible to say,
probably in a few weeks. It is
now sufficiently advanced to show
its proportions and to give assur-
ance of ample space for the Socie-
ty's work for years to come.
At the regular August meeting
of the Society a most interesting
address upon Patriotism was de-
livered by Dr. Nicholas Murray
Butler, President of Columbia Uni-
versity, and the Society takes great
pleasure in printing it in a separate
Elected since the last Bulletin.
Mrs. Robert Ives Gammell
Mrs. Whitney Warren
Mrs. Roderick Terry
Mrs. R. Livingston Beeckman
Mrs. Jerome C. Borden
Rear Admiral Austin M. Knight
A. C. Landers, Jr.
Charles Warren Lippitt, Jr.
Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Covell
Mr. Harrison J. Morris
J. Henry Renter
Mrs. John Thompson Spencer
Mr. and Mrs. Harry G. Wilks
Mrs. Beverly R. Dudley
Miss Lena H. Clarke
Frank L. Peckham
The Building Fund
Total contributions to Building
Fund, in gifts and pledges, ^8,625.
Com. Arthur Curtiss James has
generously agreed to contribute
half the necessary amount, and
has already paid ;^5,ooo.
Contributors to the Building
Fund since the last Bulletin.
Judge Darius Baker $5.00
Edwin S. Burdick, Esq. 5.00
Mrs. John R. Drexel 2500
Mr. Gibson Fahnestock 50.00
Mr. and Mrs. Daniel B. Fear-
Mrs. James B. Forsyth 5.00
Mr. William B. Franklin 5.00
Mrs. Robert Ives Gammell 25.00
H. O. Havemeyer 5.00
Mrs. Henry Barton Jacobs 25.00
Com. ArthurCurtissJames 5,000.00
Mr. John Jencks 5.00
George Gordon King, Esq. 25.00
Miss Ellen F. Mason 100.00
Mrs. E. J. Pattison 50.00
Mr. Frederick S. Peck 1000
Mr. Marsden J. Perry 10 00
Mrs. Edward Potter 1000
John Ridlon ;^ 10.00
George E. Sage 5.00
George S. Scott 10.00
Helen F. Smith 3.00
Nathaniel Smith 5.00
Elizabeth H. Swinburne 10.00
Sarah C. Weaver
John H. VVetherell
SALE OF BRICKS
Mrs. J. Stewart Ba. ney
Miss Eva Brightman
Dr. F. D. Chester
Miss Cora Gosling
Mrs. I. Goodwin Hobbs
Mr. Allen P. Hoard
Mr. Wm. H. Lee
Mr. Charles W. Lippitt, Jr.
Mr. Alexander F. Lippitt
Mr. Gorton Thayer Lippitt
Howard B. Perry
N. Taylor Phillips
Mrs. David T. Pinniger
Mr. Dwight Tracy
Mrs. Alfred Tuckerman
Miss Susan J. Weaver
Newport Historical Society
For the year ending May^ igio
President, HON. DANIEL B. FEARING
First Vice-President, REV. RODERICK TERRY, D. D.
Second Vice-President, MR. FRANK K. STURGIS
Third Vice-President, MR. ALFRED TUCKERMAN
Recording Secretary, MR. JOHN P. SANBORN
Corresponding Secretary, MR. GEORGE H. RICHARDSON
Treasurer, MR. HENRY C. STEVENS, Jr.
Librarian, MISS EDITH MAY TILLEY
Curator of Coins and Medals, DR. EDWIN P. ROBINSON
Board of Directors
THE OFFICERS and
FOR THREE YEARS
MRS. C. L. F. ROBINSON REV. GEORGE V. DICKEY
MR. JONAS BERGNER MR. LAWRENCE L. GILLESPIE
FOR TWO YEARS
MRS. HAROLD BROWN DR. WILLIAM S. SHERMAN
MRS. RICHARD C. DERBY MR. JOB A. PECKHAM
FOR ONE YEAR
MRS. THOMAS A. LAWTON MR. HAMILTON B. TOMPKINS
MRS. FRENCH VANDERBILT MR. GEORGE L. RIVES
^^^. u ,^^
-. t'Z.u c
4 ^ >J
^ ^ ST. AUGUSTINE