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Niw York. Chicago. Saw Franciaco. Lo« Axgilu, Bottom, Atlanta 



ft 1916 

This book as a whole 
and each separate subject 
■which it contains is fully 
protected under copy right . 
However, we hereby re- 
lease to any established 
daily newspaper or period- 
ical, for use in any regu- 
lar issue thereof, for news 
purposes, all or any part 
of any biography or any 
portrait herein, if proper 
credit is given the 
Press Reference Lib." 
Interjititioncl News Service 


!]St Tl m: "P RESS Reference Library" is primarily a publisher's 

T- utility library — a work of reference wherein can be found in 
correct form, the basic facts, from birth down to date, regard- 
Ll ing the lives of men of note and substantial achievement, as 
QDQ[=!J well as the younger men, whose careers are certain, yet Still 
in the making, together with halftones from latest photographs of the men 
referred to. 

Modern newspapers and periodicals attach great importance to illus- 
tration; in fact, most editors regard it as of equal importance with news. 

A ewspapers require pictures of persons and places for reproduction 
with current happenings. Although they exhaust every resource to secure 
up-to-date photographs, they often are compelled to reprint old-style line 
cuts or wash drawings, and in the majority of cases have no picture at all. 

The facts regarding men are often jumbled owing to the necessity of 
gathering them from whatever source available on a moment's notice. 

Every precaution has been taken to have the facts herein correct in 
every detail and the photographs of recent date. 

The work will be the ready reference book of the newspaper editor, 
writer and artist. 

This publication will go to all the International (Hearst ) News Serv- 
ice and leading Associated Press and United Press, News Sciice paper: 
in the United States, and to the leading illustrated weekly and monthl- 
publications under the classification of "National Periodicals." While. the 
natural home of the Press Reference Library is the newspaper and period- 
ical Editorial Room, the work will, in addition, be placed by the Interna- 
tional A ews Service, in all the leading public and college libraries of the 

Most of the photographs in this publication are from the studio* of 
Moffett, Matzene, Hartsook, Witzcl, Steckel and Gibson, Sykes and 
Fowler, to whom much credit is due for the artistic success attained. 

of tt»e flUorlb is tfje $tog= 
raphes of (great Jflen"— Carlple 

Che libes of tfje men in this publica= 

tion star.b out as notable examples of 

the tppe of men toho babe lent their <r 

foree or capital, «r or both, to tfje up= 

builbing of the <§reat W&t&t. <f fflanp 

of them pioneereb through the barb «r 

ships of the earlj> baps, tobile others 

battleb brabelg against toppling booms 

anb prolonged bepressions of a periob 

noto past— in this SSHeStern countrp. 

(Others, tohile of more recent 

arribal, the 3Hest is glab 

to number among 

her oton 



^ECAUSE the great West frowned on the white man and pre- 
sented to his advantage its redoubts of desert, mountains, 
freezing cold, withering heat, vast pathless stretches, inhabited 
by savage beasts and more savage barbarians, the white man 
conquered it. 

He transformed its frown into a smile; he turned its blasts of desolating 
heat into the calorics of fructification, and with the calm courage of the 
superior mind, obliterated or tamed its barbarians, and quenched its aridity 
by uncovering its hidden sources of water; so that today what was forty 
years ago the most forbidding, has become the most inviting region of the 
country — the West. 

The reaches which were then cropped only with the desolation of the 
wilderness, now surpass in return for mans toil, those valleys of beauty and 
promise which in the beginning of the nation lured with their promise of 
luxurious ease. 

Half a century ago, there was nothing between the outposts of business 
and cultivation along the Mississippi River and the sands of the Pacific, which 
promised aught but a heart-breaking struggle with the untoward. 

In the time that has passed of one generation, American indomitable- 
ness has dotted the West with the bones of gold-seekers and homesteaders; 
men by the thousands have marched, tortured by thirst, shriveled by pitiless 
suns, stiffened by icy blasts, fighting, starving, dying, over prairies and tow- 
ering mountains, then counted worse than worthless, prairies and mountains 
which today are greater in their returns than all the riches which were pic- 
tured in the phantasmagoric dreams of the Argonauts. 

In those former days, the Great American Desert filled a large space 
in the maps in the school geographies; and when, in 1847, by the Treaty of 
Guadalupe de Hidalgo, the nation secured the larger portion of the territory 
now forming our greater West, it was obtained for political purposes alone; 
its value to the list of national assets was as absurd in the public mind as 
later was the purchase of Alaska, which for a decade caused Secretary of 
State Seward to be regarded as either an incompetent or a dement. 

Nothing brings to the fore more sharply, the capacity of the American 
to accomplish the impossible, than the facing of the impossible. 

What has been brought about by the men of America in what was the 
West is almost of the impressiveness of a miracle. 

A miracle brought about by staunch courage in constant strife, because 
of the love of strife with Nature in her most fiercely hostile phase. 


It needed men to do this task, and these men were on the firing line dur- 
ing the combat; some of them fell, but their work remains a part of the Na- 
tion's bequest to posterity. 

Many of them still live and work, and at need fight, and are among 
and of us in the day's work. 

It is of these men who have had part in creating this empire of fertility 
where they found only the abomination of sterility, for these are the men 
who transformed the bleak, desolate waste into the shining West of Plenty 
and whose brain made everything possible to the West, that this volume treats. 

They are the men who fought Nature's obstacles and turned the seas of 
sand into pleasant fields; who went under and into the ground and took from 
its depths the treasures of ingots and oil ; they dug, they bored, they plowed, 
they planted, they built aqueducts and reservoirs; they joined the East and 
the West and the Northwest and the Southwest with bands of steel; they were 
the pioneer corps of business; they herded their cattle on the many thousand 
hills, they built factories and cities, and their work has made this country one 
whole, throbbing, united body politic, and body commercial. 

They are the kind of men who when Chicago was destroyed turned 
their backs on the waste and wrought out for their city a future more illustrious 
than its past. 

It was the same manner of man who did the same beginning the day 
after the flames had devastated San r rancisco. 

They have removed the \^ est from the map; they have made the East 
and the West blend. 

First that Great American Desert yielded to them and was swept 
from the map; they are doing the same thing with the dreaded Llano Esta- 
cado of Texas with plow and pasture; they have changed that dread mys- 
terious region, the delta of the Colorado, into farms that yield fortunes to the 
acre; what were the "cow counties," by this work have become the admira- 
tion of the world; from what was the bleak Northwest, they send forth to 
all the world a continuous stream of golden grain and ruddy fruit, while they 
have made its timber and mineral wealth attain undreamed of proportions; 
they have dotted the West with American homes, and stirred these communi- 
ties with American business and enterprise, so that schools and colleges 
shadow the old-time strongholds of the Indian. 

You see their work from the time you leave the former outposts of 
effort, Chicago and St. Louis, until you stand on the shore of the Pacific; 
from Mexico to Canada; it is written in and by the West, the Southwest, 
the Northwest; the work of these men and their fellows and the tales of what 
was, seem incredible in the face of what is. 

What their forbears did generations before in New England, these 
men have done many fold over. 

Their work completes the conquering of a continent. 




ceased), Railroad Builder, Financier, San 
Francisco and New York, was born at 
Harwinton, Conn., October 22, 1821, the son 
of William and Elizabeth (Vincent) Huntington. 
On the paternal side, Mr. Huntington was a de- 
scendant of a notable New England family which 
numbered among its progeny Benjamin Hunting- 
ton, the jurist; Samuel, President of the Con- 
tinental Congress and signer of the Declaration of 
Independence; Daniel, tutor at Yale and Congrega- 
tional minister; Frederick Daniel, Protestant Epis- 
copal Bishop, and Daniel, noted painter and artist. 
Mr. Huntington was twice married. His first 
wife died in 1883. His second wife was Mrs. A. D. 
Worshan, an estimable Southern lady, noted for 
her charities. She managed his New York and 
San Francisco households with a grace and charm 
that made them the gathering places of the elite 
of America. Throughout the last seven years of 
Mr. Huntington's life she was his constant com- 
panion. Having no children of his own, the one 
great regret in his otherwise contented life, Mr. 
Huntington adopted as his own children Clara 
Prentice, who afterwards became the wife of 
Prince Francis von Hatzfeldt ile Wildenberg, and 
Archer M. Worshan, whose name he had changed 
;o Huntington. Mr. Archer Huntington achieved 

repute as a philologist and student, and is known as 
tne greatest Spanish and Arabic scholar in this 
country. Mr. Huntington's relations with his 
nephew, Henry E. Huntington, financier and street 
railway builder, were always of the closest, and he 
took him into bis councils on the great problems 
of his affairs to the fullest extent 

Collis P. Huntington was a son of the soil and 
gloried in its tasks and its triumphs. Inured to 
toil from his childhood days, he preached and prac- 
ticed the doctrine of hard work. Labor and 
frugality were his panacea for the multitudinous 
social and economic woes of man. He rigidly ad- 
hered to this creed himself and advocated it as the 
only sure road to success. Self reliance, inherited 
in a measure from unflinching forbears who 
braved and conquered the inhospitable shores of 
New England, he absorbed before he had reached 
his teens, and throughout his life self reliance was 
his big predominant trait of character. His father 
was a farmer with a family of nine children, of 
whom Mr. Huntington was the fifth. He was 
brought up as the average farmer's son of his 
time and locality, with many more hours of manual 
than mental training. Four months each year at 
the village school, up to the time he was fourteen 
years of age, was the extent of his early educa- 
tional training. The other eight were spent in 
work on the farm. As a boy he reveled in the most 
difficult tasks, made simple for him because of hia 
giant physique, his training in the worthiness of 
toil and the willingness with which he undertook 
his work. The more his strength and endurance 
were tested the more he enjoyed his labors. With 
the youth of his day lie entered into the rural ath- 
letics of the countryside, and in these it is said he 
was never vanquished. In later vats this training 
made him a stranger to physical or mental fatigue. 
Throughout his lite he never used tobacco in any 
form. For years it «as his habit to saw. split anil 
pile nil tor his nun use twentj Cords of WOOd, 

doing the work in ton- breakfast, it was an every 



day practice for him, while in Sacramento, to pick 
up as a test of strength a barrel of flour and place 
it on his shoulders. Well over six feet in height, 
straight as a sapling pine, his muscles like iron, 
his body supple and kept in condition by self- 
imposed physical tasks, his mind keen and alert 
by reason of his superb physical condition, he was 
the epitome of strength, energy, enterprise, de- 
termination and absolute self reliance. 

In his fourteenth year he quit school and se- 
cured work from a farmer at seven dollars per 
month. At the end of a year he had accumulated 
$84, his entire earnings. His board and lodging 
had been included as part of his wage and his 
clothing had been supplied by his own home. On 
luxuries or the satisfaction of pleasure he had 
wasted none of his substance gained during this 
period. With his $84 he set out for New York. 
His determination, which in later years so im- 
pressed the heads of the Government and won for 
him Government assistance in railroad building 
across the continent must have, even at this early 
day, been a distinguishing trait. For six years he 
traveled, mostly by team, over the little trodden 
roads of the South and West, doing a brokerage 
business in notes and other reliable secur- 
ities. While he added to his capital and business 
acumen, the topography and resources of the coun- 
try were not lost upon him. He became familiar 
with every stretch of territory within the then 
little known Middle West and the hinterland of the 
South. In after years the knowledge thus gained 
played no small part in his plans for the route of 
his great transcontinental railway system. Along 
with his own business he collected notes for Con- 
necticut clock makers who were doing a thriving 
business in the South. The insight this gave him 
into credits and the type of men who were to be 
trusted commercially proved invaluable in his later 
merchandising days, and made him one of the 
keenest judges of credit and human nature of all 
the enterprising merchants of that early day. 

By the time Mr. Huntington reached his major- 
ity he had accumulated a considerable sum of 
money and with it he went into partnership with 
his brother Solon, at Oneonta, N. Y. The store 
became one of the largest in that part of the coun- 
try and prospered while the firm's rivals predicted 
dire failure on account of Mr. Huntington's appar- 
ent recklessness in extending credit, but his knowl- 
edge of human nature, gained in his earlier business 
experience, proved more valuable than his rivals' 
prophecies. He made very few bad debts. His 
motto, which all his life ruled his business trans- 
actions, and which he often referred to, was "trust 
all in all or not at all," adding that "a man will 
fill the niche in which you put him and if you show 
a man that you believe in him he will in turn try 
to show you that you were not mistaken." 

In 1849 he drew $1200 out of the business, and 
with it set out for the gold fields of California, 
which had been opened up, and to which thousands 
had preceded him. His subsequent monumental 
career on the coast began almost before he reached 
the last stage of the journey. He went by way of 

the Isthmus, where his Herculean strength and 
stature and enterprise enabled him to add mater- 
ially to the capital he was able to have at his com- 
mand on reaching California. Delayed on the 
Isthmus several months, he gave himself up to no 
dissipations nor indulgences. While others wasted 
their substance in riotous living, wildly sanguine 
of the hoards of gold that awaited them in the new 
Eldorado, he had no false hopes, but husbanded 
and added to what worldly goods he already had. 
Twenty times during his stay on the Isthmus he 
walked back and forth across it, making the twenty- 
four-mile journey in a morning and evening walk, 
resting during the heat of the day. He traded in 
such commodities as had a market among the min- 
ers and natives. When he finally took passage to 
San Francisco his capital of $1200 had grown to 
$5200, while the only accumulation of many of the 
immigrants delayed on the Isthmus with him con- 
sisted of physical breakdowns through dissipation 
and which landed them in California unfit to cope 
with the hardships of frontier life. 

In the fall of 1849 Mr. Huntington commenced 
business in a tent store in Sacramento, Cal., han- 
dling such articles as were in demand among the 
miners. The large use of shovels, picks and other 
hardware by the miners and the men who were 
rearing homes in the wilderness led to determining 
his line of business. His business prospered from 
the first and became one of the important trading 
centers of the gold days. With the heavy increase 
in trade and the need of carrying a larger stock 
of goods in order to take advantage of the cheaper 
freight by sailing vessels around the Horn, Mr. 
Huntington became associated in business with 
Mark Hopkins, nephew of the President of Union 
College, which association continued uninter- 
rupted for twenty-four years, or until the death of 
Mr. Hopkins. This partnership was a model, in 
that it was not marred by a single misunderstand- 
ing or unkind word between the partners. The 
business of the partners grew to huge dimensions 
for that day, and Mr. Huntington's rules of credit 
were put into force. While trust was extended 
more liberally by this firm than it was by its com- 
petitors, it is said to have had fewer losses than any 
other in Sacramento at that time. By 1860 the 
business was estimated to be worth $200,000. 

Not alone was Mr. Huntington the central, guid- 
ing genius of the group of men who finally carried 
through the plan for a railroad from the Pacific 
Coast across the Sierra Nevada Mountains, but 
he was one of the very first advocates of the 
project long before his firm or friends had any 
financial connection with the proposed scheme. A 
keen merchant, he was one of the first to realize 
the value of a railroad in transporting the goods 
required by the settlers and the gold output from 
the mines. The freighting of goods in those days 
brought prices up to a point that is hardly realize- 
able at this time. The journey across the continent 
or by way of the Horn or the Isthmus was one that 
required a small fortune and took months to make. 
But the project first advocated by Mr. Huntington 
in 1849 was considered by the leading men of those 



days as absolutely Impracticable. To the ordinary 

settler in the West, and the Eastern financier, the 
possibility of crossing the vast desert stretches, 
bridging the mountains and canyons and penetrat- 
ing the forest recesses was deemed remote indeed. 
Mr. Huntington, with other advocates of the plan, 
were called "Pacific Railroad crazy." Civil En- 
gineer Judah, who had proclaimed the task feasible, 
was looked upon as a dreamer and the men who 
associated themselves with it were thought vis- 
ionaries of the wildest type. As a business propo- 
sition the project staggered the wisest financiers 
of the country. The Government, from a distance, 
looked on frowningly. Engineers East and West 
saw in it the probability of another national failure. 
Ignoring the skeptics in California and the 
doubting financiers of the East, Mr. Huntington 
went steadily onward perfecting the preliminary 
plans for the organization of a company to begin 
the work. In 1861 the Central Pacific Railroad 
Company of California became a bona fide corpora- 
tion, with Huntington, Leland Stanford, Charles 
Crocker and Mark Hopkins as its moving spirits 
and supporters. These four men from their per- 
sonal funds advanced the money necessary for the 
preliminary survey for the proposed railway. They 
did it at a time when most men considered the 
money thrown away. They even went further in 
pledging their personal fortunes and their busi- 
ness assets to carry the project through, and this 
long before the Government had been induced to 
see the soundness of the project and encourage it 
with financial aid. Prom the organization of the 
company, the finishing of the transcontinental 
railroad became the goal of Mr. Huntington's every 
effort. He left no stone unturned in his effort 
to secure funds with which to make his dream a 
reality. He struggled with the proposition from 
every standpoint. His labors were unceasing. After 
a year or more of this Herculean work, during which 
he was just able to keep the project afloat, he be- 
came convinced that the task could not be accom- 
plished without Government aid. In 1862 he left 
everything in California, made the dangerous jour- 
ney overland to the national capital and the East- 
ern financial centers. Although the country was 
then in the throes of the darkest hours of the 
Civil War, with every Government official at Wash- 
ington laboring night and day to aid in the task 
of staying the victorious legions of the South, Mr. 
Huntington put his project before the President 
and the members of Congress. His self-reliance, 
determination and absolute confidence in the pro- 
posed railway won to his side the influence of the 
administration and he succeeded in interesting 
Congress in his proposal. After a strenuous cam- 
paign in the national capital he secured from the 
Government a grant of $27,000,000 to aid in the 
truction of the road and the allotment to the 
company of every alternate section of land border- 
ing on the right-of-way. Then he went to New 
York and Boston, where he succeeded in having 
the financiers open their coffers to him. He also 
secured from the Government a contract to con- 
struct a telegraph line from the Pacific Coast to 
a point loward which the Union Pacific was then 
working. Mis laconic telegram: "We have drawn 

elephant, nov, let us see if we can harness 
Mm, announce] his success to his associates in 
>: " ramento. He returned to California prepared 
to carry the great project through at whatever est 
"I physical and mental effort. 

Prom this time on Mr. Huntington's associates 
placed in his hands the direction ot the building 
ol the road. The first obstacle was overcome after 

the most intense sort of a struggle. The Govern- 
ment subsidy contained a clause that the first in- 
stallment was not to be paid until a certain num- 
ber of miles of the road had been completed. To 
secure funds to pay for this first stretch of road 
Mr. Huntington and his associates further pledged 
their personal fortunes, their business credit and 
commercial integrity. All they possessed in the 
world they staked on the venture. Despite the fai I 
that the whole country was in the throes of finan- 
cial depression, consequent upon the war and the 
high taxes it necessitated, the bonds of the road 
were sold, the funds were raised, obstacle after ob- 
stacle, many of them believed insurmountable, were 
overcome, and the last spike which connected the 
Central Pacific and the Union Pacific was driven on 
May 10, 1869, and the dream of Collis P. Hunting- 
ton became a reality. In the years during which the 
road was being built the United States was passing 
through one of the most vital periods of its his- 
tory. Despite the national forebodings and the 
general lack of heart in national affairs, Mr. Hunt- 
ington had gone on with what was at the time the 
most gigantic undertaking the United States had 
ever seen, and which at the time of its com- 
pletion was considered one of the wonders of the 
world. His belief in the future of California and 
the success that awaited a railroad that would 
cater to that future had never flagged. He backed 
this belief with his money, and with colossal ef- 
forts such as few men could put into anvtbing 
No general on the field of battle was ever braver 
than Mr. Huntington in the field of finance when 
he was seeking the funds to keep his project from 
being inundated. At various times during this 
period he was the largest borrower of money this 
continent had ever seen. His faith soon had thou- 
sands of others believing as he believed, and by 
the time the last spike was driven in the railroad 
the entire nation was looking upon the accomplish- 
ment as a national triumph and sharing in the joy 
that its completion brought to Mr. Huntington. 

Not contented with the completion of this gi- 
gantic enterprise, Mr. Huntington, with hardly a 
moment's rest, proceeded to carry out other of his 
plans for the upbuilding of the great western em- 
pire and the utilizing of its vast resources. He 
next planned and perfected the Southern Pacific 
railway system in which twenty-six corporations 
were merged. He finished within the next decade 
over 8000 miles of steel trackage and completed 
a feeder system east of the Mississippi River by 
which the Southern Pacific and the Chesapeake & 
Ohio formed a continuous line. with other 
branches, nearly five thousand miles in length. 
extending from Portland, Oregon, to Newport 
News. He financed and developed a svstem of 
ocean liners connecting with his railroad" on both 
coasts. On the wist coast lie established a line 
Of steamers to China and Japan, facilitating the 
shipping of American products to the Orient and 
of the Orient's products to this countrv thus 
bringing to the United States, for the first time 
the benefit of Commodore Perry's opening of 
Japan to the world. At Newport News, on the 
east coast, he built abundant and safe harborage 
for the maritime fleets of the world. Hi ei 
at Newport x.-ws i he largest drydoch in the world, 
ami throughout his remaining years devoted his 
principal efforts to improving and perfecting this 
vast, model enterprise, which finally became the 

Pet "i his i. id age ami oi f the chief prides ol 

ntry. He took hold of the Chesapi 
" ll1 " after ii had ruined several seis of ownei 

Kentuckj and Tennessee con- 
tinuing tin- lines tiom Richm 1. Va . to Newport 



News and put tin- whole on a safe financial basis. 
He built homes for his employes and a school to 
educate their children. He was the first man to 
build a railroad in Mexico, and this without the 
aid of a Government subsidy. From the year o£ 
the inauguration of the Central Pacific project up 
to 1900 he developed the resources of the nation 
in the West, East and South, linking railroad upon 
railroad and building a chain of enterprises that 
have never been exceeded even down to this day. 
By 1900 he had disposed of all his holdings east 
of the Mississippi and was engaged in bringing the 
Southern Pacific to a point of perfection that no 
railroad in the country had ever achieved. 

Mr. Huntington died suddenly at Pine Knot 
Lodge, Racket Lake, in the Adirondack Mountains. 
New York, on August 13, 1900. One of the last 
undertakings of his life, and one that is particu- 
larly indicative of his enterprise, was the con- 
struction of a railroad in the Adirondacks, and the 
development of a large tract of land there where 
he had gone to find a quiet spot for recreation and 
rest. He was 79 years of age at the time of his 
death, and up to the hour of his demise was still 
active and vigorous with his mental faculties not 
in the least impaired. 

Mr. Huntington summarized his own secret of 
success when he said "I do not work hard, I work 
easy." Work to him had always been a pleasure. 
From the day of his first employment he never 
knew what it meant to want for a dollar, not be- 
cause of any bestowed upon him, but owing to 
the fact that he lived sanely, following, like few 
men of modern days, the teachings of the parable 
of the ten talents. He maintained two spacious 
mansions, . one in San Francisco and one in New 
York. He was now enabled to exercise his great 
taste for art. In the gallery of his Knob Hill 
mansion he collected some of the most valuable 
paintings owned in this country. One of his hob- 
bies was rich bindings and rare books, and the col- 
lection he left at his death was worth a substantial 
fortune. Mr. Huntington left his wonderful art 
collection and his enormous library of rare and 
valuable books to his son Archer, to go, on the 
latter's death, to the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art, where he felt they would be of the greatest 
benefit to mankind in ages to come. 

Though his duties as President of companies 
controlling thousands of miles of railway and 
steamship lines kept him at his desk from early 
morning until six o'clock every working day, he 
often dropped his own affairs to give words of 
kindly advice to those who were in need of it. 
One instance of this sort strikingly illustrates 
Mr. Huntington's kindliness and at the same time 
shows the keynote of his charities and public acts. 
A poor boy who had come to New York to make 
his fortune went to Mr. Huntington's office, and 
declaring that he could find no work, asked the 
railroad builder to give him fifty cents to buy a 
meal. "No, my boy," replied Mr. Huntington, "I shall 
not give you fifty cents, that is too much for one 
in your position to spend on a single meal, and it 
would do you more harm than good if I gave you 
this money, for receiving charity robs a man of 
self-respect. But I shall give you what will be 
worth more to you; I shall tell you how to earn 
money for yourself. Now when you leave here 
keep your eyes open for a wagon loaded with coal, 
follow it to its destination and when it gets there 
offer to help the driver carry his load. He will pay 
you for the job and then you will be able to hold 
your head as high as any man, for you will be 
self-supporting. And remember this, my boy, al- 

ways keep your expenses well within your income, 
and the difference, insignificant though it may be 
at first, will in time become a giant capital work- 
ing for you ceaselessly, night and day, whether 
you be well or ill." Certainly this characteristic 
kindness was more helpful than unwise charity. 

Mr. Huntington's personal interest extended to 
thousands of men in his employ, to many of whom 
he gave such aid and counsel as a father might 
give a son. Indiscriminate charity he always con- 
demned, and although his bounty eased the de- 
clining years of many a superannuated and un- 
fortunate friend of earlier days, he believed in 
helping others to help themselves and practiced 
that creed. 

Mr. Huntington gave a beautiful church in 
memory of his mother to his native town of 
Harwinton, Connecticut, he built the Hampton 
Industrial Works, for the instruction of young 
negroes in the manual arts; he and Mrs. Hunt- 
ington jointly gave an endowment of $50,000 
to Booker T. Washington's Tuskegee Institute, and 
many other educational institutions found in him 
a generous friend. But his charities were mostly 
in a self-helpful line that is the truest kindness 
to the beneficiaries. His whole career, in fact, 
was an embodiment of his creed. Though he 
amassed a fortune, its acquisition was incidental 
to his life work. He early recognized the power 
money could give and he accumulated it for the 
work he could accomplish with it. 

No biography of Mr. Huntington would be 
complete without an account of the part his 
nephew, Henry E. Huntington, played in carrying 
out the plans of his uncle, and in assisting him in 
the mighty enterprises he undertook and com- 
pleted. The bond between the two was an in- 
separable one, quite distinct from the kinship. 
The nephew recognized in the uncle his inspita- 
tion to great accomplishments and the older man 
saw in the younger a genius that he was quick to 
take advantage of and put to practical use. It was 
at the very formative period of his life that Henry 
E. Huntington came under the direct influence of 
his uncle for the first time. Henry E. Huntington 
was a born negotiator, careful in his expenditures 
and abhorring waste. These, coupled with a 
marked skill in business, endeared him to his uncle. 
At the age of twenty-one years young Mr. Hunt- 
ington had already accumulated a considerable 
capital. It was then that his uncle sent him into 
West Virginia to infuse new life into a timber 
property. He acquitted himself with such skill 
that when in 18S0 the building of the Chesapeake, 
Ohio & Southern Railway from Louisville to 
Memphis was under way he was made its super- 
intendent of construction. From 1886 to 1890 he was 
vice president and general manager of the Kentucky 
Central Railroad. From 1890 to 1892 he was vice 
president and general manager of the Elizabeth- 
town, Lexington and Big Sandy, and Ohio Valley 
railways. His next move was to the Southern Pa- 
cific, his uncle's greatest system, and he was in 
turn assistant to the president, second vice presi- 
dent and first vice president. In all the plans for 
the perfection of the great transcontinental sys- 
tem developed by his uncle, Henry E. Hunting- 
ton had a large part, helping to whip the separate 
and detached parts into one great system. When 
the elder Mr. Huntington died, it was upon the 
nephew that the mantle of the great railroad 
builder fell. Since his uncle's death Henry E. 
Huntington has become, on his own account, one 
of the greatest electric railway system builders and 
developers in America. 



WOODS, HON. SAMUEL IX, Attorney-at- 
Law, San Francisco, was born at Mt. 
Pleasant, Tennessee, September 19, 1S45, 
the son of James and Eliza ( Ann ) 
Woods. His father, who was a Presbyterian 
clergyman, was sent to California by the Board 
of Domestic Missions of the Presbyterian Church 
to establish a station in Stockton, and in other 
parts of the State, and after a tedious trip 
of eight months 'around the Horn" reached his 
destination in February, 
1850, bringing with him his 
wife and four children. He 
first settled in Stockton, 
where the early boyhood 
and an important part of 
the manhood of Samuel D. 
Woods were passed. 

After attending the pub- 
lic schools of Stockton and 
Los Angeles, to which lat- 
ter place the state of his 
father's health prompted his 
father to move, Mr. Woods 
at the age of nineteen taught 
school in the Suisun hills, 
and had for his pupils some 
of the subsequently notable 
figures of California history, 
among them the poet, Ed- 
win Markliam. Later he 
studied law with Hon. John 
Satterlee, first Superior 
Judge of San Francisco, and 
in 1S69 was admitted to the 

He practiced his profes- 
sion for about ten years 
when, his health failing, he 

took to mining as a temporary occupation. Dur 
ing the next few years his experience in the open 
not only stimulated his native love of nature but 
also lent much romance to his early manhood. 
11 is explorations of Death Valley gave him a 
knowledge of that ill-fated district that enabled 
him to assist in the preparation of official 
maps which have since been improved but little. 
He explored a large part of the Pacific Coast, 
hi. tli on horseback and on foot. On one trip 
he rode from Suisun Valley to Seattle, a distance 
of about SOU miles, consuming three months and 
using but one horse. Subsequently he walked 
across Washington Territory from Olympia to the 

Columbia River, and tramped alone over the most 
km hided parts of the Sierras, in California. 

In 1SS4 .Mr, Woods resumed his law practice 

in Stockton, where he took a notable position 

both in liis profession and in politics. As a Re- 
publican 1 1 • - workecl industriously, with citizens 

et various political faiths, for the welfare of hi,, 

county and el hi- Slate; anil although he did not 

1 1 OX 

seek office lie was elected to Congress, from the 
old Second District, serving from December, 1899, 
to March, 1902. 

As a Congressman Mr. Woods was one of the 
first "Insurgents," so called by their opponents. 
He opposed Roosevelt's plans for Cuban reciproc- 
ity, and aided in preventing the realization thereof 
at the general session. In this session he also voted 
against the Panama Canal project, on the ground 
of what he deemed the fraud involved in the acqui- 
sition of the Isthmus, having 
previously voted for the 
Nicaragua Canal. On his re- 
tirement from Congress he 
resumed his practice in San 
Francisco, and has been en- 
gaged therein ever since. 
His only other political of- 
fice was that of Judge Advo- 
cate, under Governor Budd. 
In 1910 Mr. Woods' book, 
"Lights and Shadows of 
Life on the Pacific Coast," 
was published. This records 
so many of his own personal 
experiences and reflects so 
much of his own spirit that a 
word regarding it is appro- 
priate here. It is an intense- 
ly interesting, well written 
descriptive and critical nar- 
rative of California, espe- 
cially of San Francisco, the 
prominent figures in the 
professional, theatrical, com- 
mercial and public life of 
the State, from 1849 to the 
present day. It fairly 
breathes the author's love 
of nature, and the romance that has persisted 
from those early days through all the evolution of 
the Golden Gate city and its surroundings. 

The work is clearly a labor of love and it de- 
serves a permanent place in the historical annals 
Of California. 

Another phase of Mr. Woods' busy life is shown 
in the various concerns for which he has been 
either an officer or attorney 

Among the more prominent of these corpora- 
tions are Included the following: 

Attorney and a Director of the Sierra Rail- 
waj company of California. Union Hill Mining 
Companj ol California, and the Huff Creek Coal 
Company of West Virginia; Secretary, Mullock 

Lumber Company; Attorney, Standard Lumber 

Company; President and Attorney. Realty Hold- 
ing ami Improvement Company; and S.ii.l;ii> 

and \> tome] . Sugar Pine Timber I !om; any 

Mr Woods has never allowed himsell any time 
lor club-life, ami is a member of only the San Fran- 

I oniin i cial Club 

WOO] )S 






BRIDGE, DR. NORMAN, Physician, Teacher, 
and Business Man, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born in Windsor, Vermont. 
December 30, 1844, the son of James 
Madison and Nancy Ann (Bagley) Bridge. He 
is descended from Deacon John Bridge, who 
came from England and settled in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, in 1632. Norman is the sev- 
enth generation from John of Cambridge. His 
great grandfather, Ebenezer, was a Colonel in 
Washington's army of the Revolution. Deacon 
John "saved the settlement" of Cambridge when 
Hooker seceded to Connecticut in 1636 and was 
responsible for the present location of Harvard 
College. There is a bronze statue of him on 
Cambridge Common, in the garb of a Puritan. It 
was erected in 1882 and is the work of the artists, 
T. R. and M. S. Gould. 

One of the inscriptions on the monument reads: 
"This Puritan helped to establish here Church, 
School and Representative Government, and thus 
to plant a Christian Commonwealth"; and another 
is as follows: "They that wait upon the Lord shall 
renew their strength." 

Dr. Bridge was married in 1874 to Miss Mae 
Manford, daughter of the late Rev. Erasmus and 
Hannah (Bryant) Manford. Their only child died 
in infancy. 

Mr. Manford was a Universalist clergyman of 
the old school for over half a century. He was 
much of this time publisher of various denomina- 
tional periodicals. 

Dr. Bridge was born on a small farm among the 
Vermont hills, a few miles from the village of 
Windsor. It has been a long-time wonder to him 
how his father could ever have made a living for 
himself and family on such a rocky and unpromis- 
ing patch of earth. In 1856, the elder Bridge re- 
belled against his hard conditions and moved with 
his family and little cash to Illinois. They settled 
on a farm of unbroken prairie without buildings 
or fence, where they struggled for some tense 
years. This was in Malta, DeKalb County, when 
Norman was twelve years old. The family con- 
sisted of father, mother, an older brother and a 
younger sister. The brother, Edward, was a sol- 
dier in the Civil War, Fifty-fifth Illinois Volunteer 
Regiment, and died of disease in the service, after 
surviving a dozen battles, in the first of which, 
Shiloh, he was wounded. His father died in 1879 
and his mother at an advanced age in 1903. His 
sister is Mrs. Susan B. Hatch, of Des Moines. Iowa. 

Norman B. received his general education in 
the county district schools, and in the High 
Schools of DeKalb and Sycamore, Illinois. He 
taught a country school in the winter of 1S62-63, 
but owing to a severe fever which came on in 
the midst of his work he was unable to finish the 
term. He never attended the academic depart- 
ment of a university or college. 

He was a postoffice clerk in Sycamore during 

the summer and fall of 1864; and a fire insurance 
agent in Morris, Illinois, in 1864-65, traveling 
through the entire county of Grundy. 

In 1865 he began the study of medicine, attended 
the Medical Department of the University of Mich- 
igan in 1866-67, and of the Northwestern Univer- 
sity in 1867-68, where he was graduated with the 
degree of M. D. He received the degree of A. M. 
from the Lake Forest College in 1889. 

His summer vacations from medical college he 
spent in work on his father's farm in Malta, chiefly 
in harvesting hay and grain, and in threshing. 

He began teaching medicine from the time of 
his graduation, and from that day to this his name 
has appeared in the faculty of some Medical Col- 
lege — in his Alma Mater first, then in the Woman's 
Medical College, and since early in 1874 in Rush 
Medical College of the University of Chicago, in 
which he is now Emeritus Professor of Medicine. 
He was for twenty years, more or less, an attend- 
ing physician in the County Hospital and in the 
Presbyterian Hospital of Chicago. He received 
the ail eundem degree in medicine from Rush Col- 
lege in 1878. He has had his professional office 
in only two communities, Chicago, until 1891, and 
in Los Angeles since. 

Dr. Bridge's first position in Rush College was 
received as the result of a concours or contest in 
lecturing, before the faculty and students — a meth- 
od that has fortunately not since been in vogue. 
The college of that day was unconnected with any 
university. Like nearly all the medical colleges of 
the country, its trustees were mostly members of 
its faculty, only two courses of lectures were re- 
quired for graduation, and the conditions of admis- 
sion were cheap indeed. He joined his then 
younger colleagues in working for higher standards, 
longer and more thorough courses, more laboratory 
work, and connection with a university. For over 
a decade this school has been one of the medical 
arms of the University of Chicago, is doing uni- 
versity work, and has a course of study that looks 
formidable by the side of that of thirty years ago. 
Throughout the country, in most of the large cities, 
the stronger medical colleges have undergone a 
like metamorphosis, to the benefit of all the people. 

Through the decade of the eighties he accepted 
appointive public office for seven years, first as a 
member of the Chicago Board of Education for 
three years (1SS1-1884), afterward as the Republican 
Election Commissioner for four years (1SS6-1S90). 

His health broke down in 1S90, and in January, 
1891, he moved to California, where he lias since 
resided, lirsl at Sierra Madre (1891-94), then at 
Pasadena (1894-1910), and finally in Los Angeles. 
By 1893 he had so far recovered as to resume his 
work for a few weeks each autumn in the College 
and Presbyterian Hospital at Chicago. He con- 
tinued the autumn hospital work until 190U, and the 
college lectures until 1905 inclusive II. has been 
reuularly eimaueil in praelire in l.n. \n:-.|, inr 



twenty years. Since 1905, however, his growing 
secular interests have compelled him gradually to 
reduce his professional work, and he has regarded 
his active college service as terminated. 

The public appointments were unsought and 
each came as a surprise— that to the School Board 
from the first Mayor Harrison, and the Election 
Commissionership from the County Court— Judge 
Richard Prendergast. On his entry into the Board 
of Education he was elected Vice President of that 
body, and in a few months was made President to 
serve out a fractional year; after which he was 
elected to the same office for a full year term. He 
was a Republican, and the Board consisted of twice 
as many Democrats as Republicans. 

The election office was illuminating in the 
study of human nature and government; in ward 
politics and party strife. The Republican Com- 
missioner was one of three, the other two were 
Democrats, and the County Court was democratic. 
The law required that at least one member of the 
Board of Commissioners should be a Republican. 
His first appointment to the Election Commis- 
sion, was for an unexpired term of one year. Near 
the end of this term the "Tribune," the leading 
Republican newspaper, began to attack his Repub- 
licanism, not because this was open to the smallest 
criticism, but besause he had a personal friend 
who edited a rival and independent newspaper. * 
On one certain Sunday the paper contained a 
severe editorial attack upon him because of his 
alleged failure to do a particular thing in the Can- 
vassing Board on the Friday before. As a matter 
of fact, he had tried to accomplish the thing re- 
ferred to, but had been outvoted, as the Saturday 
edition of the "Tribune" in its local columns truth- 
fully reported. The next day (Monday) both the 
"Daily News" and the "Inter-Ocean" printed in 
parallel columns the paragraphs referring to the 
Republican Commissioner, of the "Tribune" on Sat- 
urday and Sunday, and ridiculed the paper for its 
inconsistency and carelessness. This led to worse 
attacks by the "Tribune," and retorts by the other 
papers. Finally there appeared in the "Inter- 
Ocean" of Thursday a biting open letter to the edi- 
tor of the "Tribune" signed by the Commissioner 
himself. This inspired more reckless attacks on 
him and on the other papers, and culminated, the 
following Sunday, in a libel on his professional 
character. Then, with his attorney, he went to the 
office of the paper and had a quiet and much re- 
strained conversation with the editor, which re- 
sulted in an editorial correction, retraction, and 
apology the following morning. This was printed 
on the editorial page. At the end of his year, 
which occurred during the week of this newspaper 
war, the County Judge reappointed him for a full 
term of three years, which he served out. 

The only elective office he has held was that of 

ill. E. Stone of the "Daily News." 

one of a Board of "Freeholders" in the City of 
Pasadena, in 1900, to frame a new charter for the 
city. Their charter was adopted. 

Dr. Bridge has written considerably for meaical 
journals and somewhat for the lay press. He is 
the author of four modest books, three of collected 
essays and addresses: "The Penalties of Taste," 
"The Rewards of Taste," and "House-Health"; and 
"Tuberculosis," which is a re-cast of his college 
lectures on this subject. 

Dr. and Mrs. Bridge visited Europe in 18S9 and 
in 1S96, and he alone went to London on a hurried 
business trip in April, 1906. 

In his two earlier visits to Europe, he spent a 
part of his time in visiting the hospitals of Berlin, 
Vienna, Munich, Dresden, Geneva, Strassburg, Hei- 
delberg and Erlangen. 

His vacations have consisted mostly in some 
varying of his activities, for he has, through life, 
been a constant debtor to the joy of work. He be- 
lieves that, outside his regular vocation, every pro- 
fessional man should have some avocations that 
make him touch, in an intimate way, the non-pro- 
fessional world about him. His own early shortage 
in school education has encouraged an interest in 
schools in general. For some seventeen years he 
has been one of the Trustees of Throop Polytechnic 
Institute in Pasadena, and most of that time as 
Chairman of the Board. He has seen that institu- 
tion grow from a small academy until it has now 
come to be a college of technology of the highest 

From January, 1906, to the present, Dr. Bridge 
has given a large part of his time to the oil and 
gas business, in association with Messrs. E. L. 
Doheny and Charles A. Canfield. He is now a 
Director and the Treasurer of several of the com- 
panies operating and interested in the gulf region 
of Mexico and in California, notably the Mexican 
Petroleum Company, Limited; the Mexican Petro- 
leum Company, and the Huasteca Petroleum Com- 

The business interests in Mexico have taken 
him often to that Republic, and he and his associ- 
ates have many warm friends among Mexican citi- 
zens. They have for ten years conducted their 
business in harmony and amity with the govern- 
ment of Mexico and with its citizens both of the 
business and the working classes, for whom, and 
for the government, they have high respect. 

Dr. Bridge belongs to several Scientific Socie- 
ties, among them the "Association of American 
Physicians," the "American Climatological Associa 
tion," of which he was one year President; the 
"American Academy of Medicine," the "Wisconsin 
Academy of Science, Arts and Letters," the "Los 
Angeles Academy of Sciences," and the local, State 
and National Medical Associations. His clubs are 
the "Union League," "Hamilton," and "University" 
Clubs of Chicago; the "California," "University," 
"Sierra Madre," "Athletic," and "Sunset" Clubs of 
Los Angeles. 


SCOTT, HENRY T., San Francisco. California, 
President of the Pacific Telephone & Tele- 
graph Company, and executive officer of va- 
rious interests, was born near Baltimore. 
Maryland, in 1846, the son of John Scott, (a Quaker 
preacher and a strong supporter of the Union) and* 
Elizabeth (Lettig) Scott. His paternal ancestors 
were among the earliest residents of Maryland, 
and the Scott home, now occupied by Mr. Scott's 
sister, was deeded to the family by Lord Baltimore. 
In 1867 Mr. Scott came to 
California, where he has 
achieved a notable position 
and success. He was married 
of Miss Elsie Horsley of 
England, and is the father 
of three children. They are 
\V. Prescott, Harry H. and 
Mary Scott (now Mrs. Wal- 
ter Martin). 

Henry T. Scott obtained 
his education in the public 
schools and at Lamb's Acad- 
emy, in Baltimore, Maryland, 
and shortly after leaving the 
latter institution he removed 
to California. 

Not long after his arrival 
in San Francisco he secured 
employment, as time-keeper, 
in the Union Iron Works, 
which at that time, though a 
comparatively small concern, 
was the leading corporation 
of its kind on the Pacific 
Coast. Here, by zealous de- 
votion to his duties, as well 
as by sheer ability, he 
rose rapidly, filling various 

responsible positions and finally, together with his 
brother, Irving M. Scott, becoming an indispensable 
part of the corporation. The Scotts, indeed, came 
to be regarded as the chief part. If not the ^j 1 ." 1 i < > 1 * ■ 
institution. When in 1883, it was organized as an 
incorporated company, Henry T. Scott was made 
the First Vice President of the Union Iron Works. 
Two years later he became President, an office he 
filled with distinction up to the time the corpora- 
tion changed bands, 

During the Scotts' control of the Union Iron 
Works the establishment was developed from a 
comparativelj unimportant local concern to one of 
world-wide reputation, chiefly as a builder of bat- 
tleships and cruisers for the United States Navy. 
The Oregon, the Charleston, and the San Iran 
risen were among their first notable achievements 
in this line — vessels that always a little more than 

"came up to s| ideal ions." The Oregon, in fact, 

bids fair to become historical in more than one 
respect, for a movement is new on foot in have ii 
lead the naval procession through the Panama 

Canal, in celebration of the opening of that water- 

Mr. Scott's interests have now branched into a 
wide and varied held of activity, earning him "the 
title among his associates, in the financial world, 
of "Pooh Bah." He is, perhaps, best known as 
President of the Pacidc Telegraph & Telephone 
Company, which operate* in the States of Cali- 
fornia, Oregon, Nevada and the western part of 
Idaho. This company has the largest single system 
of any telephone company in 
the United States, as well as 
the most extensive long dis- 
tance lines and the greatest 
number of exchange plants, 
its capitalization is $50,000,000 
and its subscriptions have 
reached a higher figure than 
those of any other company 
of its kind, and under the 
management of Mr. Scott it 
is rapidly expanding. 

Ever since the subject of 
the Panama-Pacific Interna- 
tional Exposition to com- 
memorate the opening of the 
Panama Canal was first 
broached, Mr. Scott has been 
one of the most enthusiast it- 
supporters of the project. He 
was one of the original or- 
ganizers of Ihe Panama-Pa- 
cific International Exposi- 
tion Company, the directing 
organization, and has since 
been a member of various im- 
portant committees. He was 
one of the most active 
members of the committee 
that went to Washington during the historic con- 
test between the cities of New Orleans and San 
Francisco before Congress, which resulted in the 
California city being chosen as the site for the 
great exposition. From the time of this selection, 
Mr. Scott has given up a large portion of his time 
to the work of the exposition, giving the promoters 
of it the benefit of his long experience in engineer- 
ing and business affairs. 

Besides his Presidency of the Pacific Telephone 
iS Telegraph Company. Mr. Scott is President of the 

Mercantile National Hank. Burlingame Land & 

Water Company. St. Francis Hotel Company. Co- 
lumbia Theater Building Company, Director Crocker 
National Hank, r.ank of Burlingame, Crocker Ea 
tate Company, Crocker Realty Company, Crocker 
Hotel Company, Citj Realtj Company, Moure A 
Scoti iron Works, R .v Burgess Company, West 
ern Mortgage .^ Guaranty Company and many other 

organizations oi a sound and substantial character. 

Mr, Scott Is a member of the Pacific-Union Club 
and Burlingame Country Club. 







RANDOLPH, EPES. Railroad President, Tuc- 
son, Arizona, is a son of Eston Randolph 
and Sarah Lavinia (Epes) Randolph, born 
and reared in Virginia. He is a member of 
the famous Randolph family of that State and a de- 
Bcendant of Pocahontas, the Indian princess. He 
married Miss Eleanor Taylor of Kentucky in 1886. 

Upon completing his education, Mr. Randolph 
engaged in the railroad business in the civil engi- 
neering department and his career has been one of 
successful achievement. His life is a part of the 
history of railroad development in the United States. 
From 1876 to 1885 he was continually engaged 
in the location, building and maintenance of rail- 
ways in various Southern States and Old Mexico. 
He served several companies during this time as As- 
sistant, Locating, Resident or Division Engineer, the 
principal of these being the Alabama Great South- 
ern, the Chesapeake, Ohio & Southwestern and the 
Kentucky Central railways. He took an active part 
in the construction of hundreds of miles of line in 
the States of Kentucky, Texas, Tennessee, Missis- 
sippi, Georgia and Old Mexico. The majority of 
these properties were owned by the late Collis P. 
Huntington and associates, and during his nine 
years of activity Mr. Randolph so impressed the 
veteran builder that he chose him for one of his 
chief aides and confidential advisers. 

In 1S85 Mr. Randolph was selected by Mr. 
Huntington for Chief Engineer of the Kentucky 
Central Railroad, with headquarters at Covington, 
Kentucky, and also as Chief Engineer of the Cin- 
cinnati Elevated Railway, Transfer & Bridge 
Company. In this latter capacity he designed and 
directed the construction of the great Huntington 
bridge which spans the Ohio River, connecting 
Covington, Ky., with the city of Cincinnati. This 
structure is one of the world's great engineering 
achievements, consisting of double track railway, 
highway and pedestrian divisions, with an elevated 
approach thereto. Its erection established Mr. 
Randolph for all time in the world of engineering, 
but to this he has added greater accomplishments. 
The bridge having been completed and the 
Kentucky Central, on which be had charge of main- 
tenance, construction and reconstruction, sold to 
the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, 
Mr. Randolph, in 1890, was transferred to Lexing- 
ton, Ky.. where he assumed command of the oper- 
ating and engineering departments of various 
Huntington properties. These included the New- 
port News & Mississippi Valley Company, the 
Ohio & Big Sandy Companj and the Kentucky 
& South Atlantic Railroad Company. He served 
;is chief Engineer and Superintendent of these three 
companies until about the middle of 1891, when he 

was transferred to 1 isviiie as chief Engine,, :m ,i 

Genera] Superintendent of the Chesapeake Ohio 
& Southwestern and the Ohio Vallej Railwaj Com 
panics, both Huntington lines. 

v - in all of his previous connections, Mr. Ran- 
dolph applied himself indefatigable to his work 
with the result that at the end of three years his 
health failed and he was compelled In the middle ol 
IV.M I,, resign his position; and for one year he 

did no work except that ol giving professional 
advice to Buch companies as he was then serving 
in the capacity of Consulting Engineei 

In addition to his work for the Huntington in- 
terests. Mr. Randolph, front 1886 to 1895, had a 
general practice as consulting Engineer, serving 
various railroads and municipalities. His efforts 

were confined chiefly to bridge construction, and 
among others he supervised the construction of the 
great bridge crossing the Ohio and connecting 
Louisville with Jeffersonville, Indiana. This bridge 
exceeds its predecessor at Cincinnati by only five 
feet and is the longest single span in the world. 
Mr. Randolph built this structure for the East End 
Improvement Company of Louisville, but upon its 
completion it was sold to the Chesapeake & Ohio 
and the Big Four Railroad Companies. 

Resuming active work in August. 1895, Mr. 
Randolph was appointed Superintendent for the 
Southern Pacific Company, in charge of its lines 
in Arizona and New Mexico, with headquarters at 
Tucson, Arizona. He retained this position for 
six years, resigning in August, 1901, to become 
associated with Henry Huntington, nephew of his 
earlier friend, as Vice President and General Man- 
ager of the Los Angeles Railway Company and 
the Pacific Electric Railway Company. 

Mr. Randolph was located in Los Angeles three 
years and during this time gave to the citj the 
greater part of the splendid system of urban and 
interurban railways operating there today. Sum- 
marized, his work consisted of locating, construct- 
ing and operating approximately 700 miles of elec- 
tric line, a record unparalleled in the annals of 
electric railways for the same length of time. 

In the fall of 1904, Edward H. Harriman, then 
in the midst of his mighty work of development 
and railroad reconstruction, invited Mr. Randolph to 
rejoin the Southern Pacific forces, and accordingly. 
he returned to Tucson. He was elected President 
of the Gila Valley. Globe & Northern Railway 
Company and of the Maricopa, Phoenix & Salt 
River Valley Railroad Company, in Arizona, and 
the Cananea. Yaqui River & Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany in Old Mexico, all Harriman properties. 

It was while engaged in the direction of these 
companies that Mr. Randolph, in 1905, was elected 
President of the California Development Company, 
a large irrigation project operating in the Colorado 
Desert in the State of California and Lower Cali- 
fornia, Old Mexico. The company now irrigates 
250,000 acres of land and. when the project is com- 
pleted, will irrigate 600.000 acres. In this connec- 
tion Mr. Randolph accomplished a teat which not 
only added to his fame as an engineer, but bla- 
zoned him to the world as a great public benefactor. 

President Theodore Roosevelt, about the begin 
ning of 1907. appealed to Mr. Edward H. Harriman 

to undertake the work of damming the Colorado 
River, which had broken its hanks and was empty- 
ing its entire How into Salton Sink through a chan 
nei previouslj cut and occupied by it. Salton 
Lake than had a length of fifty miles, a width ol 

fifteen miles and a central depth of one hundred 

feet. Mr. Harriman in turn asked Mr Randolph 

if he would undertake, under the aggiavatcl con 

ditions, to lore the fugitive stream back Into Its 

original channel again Mr. Randolph told him it 
could he done and undertook and accomplished the 

task, although it was gen u fled bj engl 

neers as an impossibility, for it had been i>n 
undertaken and much mone] expended in vain. 

The following quotation, from the Ne'... York 

"Tl s" of April 2. 1909, is what Mr. Harriman 

bad t.i saj al I the teat several years later: 

••During my trip I visile, | the Imperial Valley, 
where we diil that work to prevent the Hooding 

of the vallej by the Colorado River There is a 
picture of the dam (pointing to a snapshot) and 

thai is Randolph, 'he engineer who did the work. 



The other engineers said the work could not be 
done, but Randolph did it. He told me that the 
only misgiving he had while the work was going 
on was that I might get tired of the racket and 
stop putting up the money. But we stood together 
and the work was done. 

"We beat the river out, he (Randolph) told me, 
by only four or five days. If the Colorado River 
had not been closed then it never could have been 
closed, and all that land would have been lost; 
but the work was done, and all those 600,000 acres 
or more of land have been saved for all time." 

The closure was completed February 11, 1907, 
and the river thrown back into its old channel, the 
flow of water being 44,000 cubic feet per second 
at the time. Two hundred and fifty thousand cubic 
yards of rock and gravel were used in the dam 
and the time consumed in making the closure four- 
teen days and twenty-one hours. The dam stands 
today a monument to constructive genius and is 
a part of the permanent levee. The actual cost 
of the closure was $1,600,000 and upon its com- 
pletion Mr. Harriman had invested in the protec- 
tion of Imperial Valley, $5,000,000. This is today 
the largest irrigated district in America and its 
reclamation represents untold energy. 

Where the break which Mr. Randolph closed 
occurred in the Colorado River, the stream is 120 
feet above sea level and the bottom of Salton 
Basin is 285 feet below sea level, so that if the 
river had not been returned to its original channel 
the country would, in time, have been inundated, 
and instead of the prosperous farms and cities of 
today there would have been only Salton Sea. 

Mr. Randolph gives the major credit for this 
great work to the late Mr. Harriman, who approved 
and financed his plan of operation, and to the en- 
gineers who followed his orders; but the record 
stands, nevertheless, that he personally was the 
active agent in the great undertaking, who accom- 
plished his object against terrific odds. 

Some two years after Mr. Randolph concluded 
his task the Colorado River again broke its banks, 
about twenty miles lower down, this time emptying 
its water into Volcano Lake and thence to the 
Gulf of California. The U. S. Government in 1910 
undertook to close this break, but failed, after 
spending something like a million dollars. In the 
Summer and Fall of 1911 Mr. Randolph caused to be 
made a survey of the Lower Colorado Delta, and. 
after exhaustive study, prepared a report upon the 
whole subject. Accompanying this report were ex- 
planatory maps, profiles and estimates, all having 
in contemplation closing the break and providing 
permanent control of the Colorado. 

This report is dated November 1, 1911, and was 
submitted, through the proper channels, to Presi- 
dent Taft, who, in turn, submitted it to Congress 
in his message of February 2, 1912. Prior to that 
time a special Board of Engineers had been ap 
pointed by Mr. Walter L. Fisher, Secretary of the 
Interior, to report upon the same subject. Gen 
era! W. L. Marshall, formerly Chief of Engineers 
U. S. Army, now Consulting Engineer of the Dept 
of the Interior, was a member of this board and 
thoroughly familiar with Mr. Randolph's views. Mr 
Randolph's recommendation, however, are at vari 
ance with those of the Board of Engineers, and Gen 
eral Marshall, in a letter to the Secretary of the In 
terior, January 5, 1912, takes direct issue with Mr 
Randolph and severely criticises his report. For fu 
ture reference, it is well to consider this divergence 
of opinion between these two experts. 

Gen. Marshall's letter says of Mr. Randolph's pro- 
posal: "For lands in the United States this project 

is not necessary nor, in my mind, even desirable." 
Again, "Nor do I see anj basis for the estimate that 
the rim of Volcano Lake, which is now thirty-four 
feet above sea level and has been so high for many 
years, will be forty feet above sea level in four 
years." this latter being Mr. Randolph's estimate. 

Mr. Randolph says that the rim of Volcano 
Lake will, in time, be raised by deposits to an 
elevation of 67% feet above sea level, and he pre- 
dicts that so much of this raise will have been 
accomplished within four years that it will no 
longer be practicable to prevent the water from 
escaping from Volcano Lake into Imperial Valley. 
In other words, Mr. Randolph maintains that unless 
the recommendations set forth in his report be 
substantially adopted, the Colorado River will 
again empty into Salton Sink and ultimately inun- 
date Imperial Valley, destroying the work which 
cost millions of dollars and years of labor. 

It is not within the province of the writer to 
say which of these two engineers is right and 
which wrong, but it is a question of vital interest 
to the country at large and particularly to the in- 
habitants of Imperial Valley and the Southwest; 
and the fact remains that any recommendations 
on this subject coming from Mr. Randolph, a man 
so entirely familiar with the territory and condi- 
tions involved, deserve the deepest and most se- 
rious consideration, and the public will watch the 
outcome with profound interest. 

Upon the completion of his Colorado River work, 
Mr. Randolph again devoted himself exclusively to 
the direction of the railroads under his jurisdiction. 
His principal work for several years past has been 
the location and supervision of construction of a 
line through the western part of Old Mexico, which 
he has pushed through in the face of great ob- 
stacles, natural and artificial. This line, which is 
today 1200 miles in length, has opened up a fab- 
ulously rich territory, including mining and agri- 
cultural lands, and ultimately will enter the City 
of Mexico. The road — the Cananea. Yaqui River 
& Pacific — was absorbed in June, 1909, by the 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company of Mexico and 
Mr. Randolph was then elected its Vice President 
and General Manager. Eight months later — Febru- 
ary, 1910 — he was elected to the same office in the 
Arizona Eastern Railroad, formed by the consolida- 
tion of the Gila Valley, Globe & Northern and the 
Maricopa, Phoenix & Salt River Valley companies. 

In October, 1911, upon the reorganization of 
the Southern Pacific system into several depart- 
ments, he was elected President of these two roads. 
This resume of the operations of Mr. Randolph 
tells inadequately the part he has taken in the 
railroad upbuilding of the Southwest, for he was 
in close personal association with Mr. Harriman 
in the latter's great plans for the conquest of the 
Nation's waste places, and during the Harriman 
epoch occupied the same position with the leader 
as he had under the Huntington regime. 

Mr. Randolph has devoted his life to develop- 
ment work, taking no active part in politics, al- 
though he has always been a stanch supporter of 
the Democratic party. In the early part of his 
residence in Arizona he was chosen a member of 
the staff of Governor McCord, and held a similar 
honor with Governor Murphy, in both instances 
with the rank of Colonel. He was assigned various 
engineering duties in the interest of the State, 
which he performed in addition to his railroad work. 

He is a member of the California. Jonathan, Los 
Angeles Country, and San Isidro Gun Clubs, Los 
Angeles, Cal.; Old Pueblo Club, Tucson; Yavapai 
Club, Prescott, and Arizona Club, Phoenix, Ariz., 
and engineering and scientific societies. 


Lecturer and Author, Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia, was born at Chicago, Illinois, Septem- 
ber 3, 1839, the son of Benjamin Wright 
and Amelia' (Porter) Raymond. 

Professor Raymond's paternal ancestry traces 
back through a distinguished line of forbears to 
Captain William Raymond, of Beverly, Mass., who 
emigrated to America in 1637, from Glastonbury, 
England. He became a Deputy to the General 
Court, commanded an expe- 
dition to Canada, and re- 
ceived a grant of a township 
of land from the Crown. 
Professor Raymond's grand- 
father was Benjamin Ray- 
mond, the first Civil Engi- 
neer to explore certain parts 
of northern New York, 
founder of the town of Pots- 
dam, N. Y., and Judge of St. 
Lawrence Co. His father 
was a prominent merchant 
of Chicago, twice Mayor of 
that city, and first President 
of the Elgin National Watch 

Protessor Raymond w a s 
married August 29, 1872, to 
M a r y Elizabeth Blake of 
Philadelphia, and has one liv- 
ing child, Maybelle, the wife 
of Tyler Dennett, of Los An- 

Professor Raymond grad- 
uated from Phillips Acad- 
emy, Andover, in 1S5S, and 
Williams College in 1862, re- 
ceiving the degree of A. B., 
and then three years later 
that of A. M. An honorary 
degree of A. M. was later 
bestowed upon him by 
Princeton University and 
the degree of L. H. D., by 
Rutgers College and Williams 

After leaving college he took a course in Prince- 
ton Theological Seminary, and then spent three 
years in Europe, whin- he studied aesthetics 
w i t h Professor Vischer of Tuebingen. and 
also Professor Curtis, the no-ted historian of 
Greece. Subsequently, Professor Raymond mad.' 
a thorough study, chiefly in Paris, of methods of 
cultivating and using the voice in both singing and 
speaking, and representing thought and emotion 
through postures and gestures. The result of 
these methods he afterwards developed, first into 
methods of teaching elocution, literature and 
aesthetics; and later, into many published 

He was called to a professorship in Williams 
College in 1874. Here the results of his teachings 
were such that, although the smallest collet;' rep- 
resented in intercollegiate contests in oratory and 
essay writing, held in New York City, between 
1874 and 1881, his pupils took prizes every year 
but one. This was why he was called in 1S81 to 
the chair of oratory and aesthetic criticism at 
Princeton University. 

tin account Of failing health alter thirteen 
years' service, in which his department had so de- 


veloped that he had under him an assistant pro- 
fessor and three instructors, he resigned his po- 
sition, expecting to devote the rest of his life to 
authorship. The trustees upon no initiative of 
his own, relieving him from oratory, elected him 
professor of aesthetics with a promise of as long 
and frequent leaves of absence as he chose to take. 
The "Orators' Manual,'' published in 1879, has 
been for years, and is still a standard; "The Writer" 
(1893), a collaborated treatise of rhetoric, correl- 
ated, for the first time, 
the principles oi" oral and of 
written discourse, a n d 
"The Essentials of Es- 
thetics" is a compound 
of a series of books con- 
taining what has been 
termed "The most com- 
plete system of art interpre- 
tation ever produced in any 
country." The fundamental 
proposition of this system is 
that art is the representation 
of human thought and emo- 
tion through the use of forms 
borrowed from nature. The 
different volumes of this series 
are entitled, "Art in Theory ; " 
"The Representative Signifi- 
cance of Form;" "Poetry as a 
Representative Art;" "Paint- 
ing, Sculpture and Architec- 
ture as Representative Arts:" 
"The Genesis of Art Form;" 
"Rhythm and Harmony in 
Poetry and Music," and "Pro- 
portion and Harmony of Line 
and Color," all published by 
G. P. Putnam's Sons. 

Professor Raymond has 
published also four volumes 
of poetry — "A Life in Song," 
representing the experiences 
of an anti-slavery agitator, 
at the time of our Civil 
War; "Ballads of the Revolution, and Other Poems; " 
"The Aztec God, and Other Dramas" (the others be- 
ing "Columbus" and "Cecil the Seer"t. and "Dante 
and Collected Verse" 1 Jr. M. M. Miller, who has ed- 
ited under the title of "A I'oets' Cabinet," selections 
from this verse which, in volume and number, are 
comparable only with those that can be collected 
from the very greatest poets, points out that 
"through them all run the binding threads of a 
consistent philosophy, both of art and life, ex- 
pressed in language, simple yet dignified, direct 
yet graceful and clear, yet, so far as he fulfills 
his own ideal, invariably imaginative." 

Professor Raymond has been connected with 
many organizations, like the college fraternities 
of Kappa Alpha and Phi Beta Kappa, the Authors' 
Clubs, of New York and London, the Century, ot 
New York, the Cosmos, of Washington, and the 
California, of Los Angeles. He has been a Vice 
President of the American Social Science Asso 
ciation, of the American free Art League, and 
Vice President of local branches of the Archaeo 
logical institution and classical Society, a member 
of the Philosophical Association, the \ \ a, s.. 

anil fellow of the North P.ritish Academy and of 
the Royal Society of Arts. 


james McDonald 



M 'DONALD, JAMES, Retired Capitalist, 
New York and London, was born in 
Scotland, September 12, 1843, the son 
of Alexander McDonald and Janet (Mc- 
Kenzie) McDonald. He has been twice mar- 
ried, his second wife being Isabella J. Mc- 
Donald, whom he married at Brighton, Eng- 
land, July 2V, 1903. He has one child, James 
McDonald. Jr., who was born at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, May S, 1890. 

Mr. McDonald, who, with his older brother, 
Alexander McDonald, was one of the builders of 
the petroleum industry in the LTnited States and 
Europe, came to the United States in early child- 
hood and was reared on this side of the Atlantic 
and spent the greater part of his life here. He 
received his education in the Academy and High 
Schools of Chillicothe, Ohio, and later attended a 
.Military Academy in Talbot County, Maryland. 

Mr. McDonald enlisted in the LTnion Army at 
the outbreak of the Civil War and served in the 
Quartermaster's Department as Civilian Clerk, go- 
ing through the Georgia campaign with Sherman's 
Army and also through other campaigns. 

At the close of the Civil War. Mr. McDonald 
and his brother settled in Cincinnati and engaged 
in the petroleum business. They were among the 
largest independent operators in the country when 
the Standard Oil Company was formed and when 
this great corporation was organized they formed a 
business connection with it, although they did not 
sell outright. Their company was known as the 
Consolidated Tank Line Company and remained 
under their control, with steadily increasing busi- 
ness, until 1890, when they decided to exchange 
their stock for stock of the Standard Oil Company 
ut New Jersey, thus becoming part of the larger 

Alexander McDonald then became President of 
the Standard Oil Company of Kentucky and James 
McDonald went to England to aid in the organiza- 
tion and development of the Anglo-American Oil 
Company, another subsidiary of the Standard Oil 
Company, through which its export business was 

Mr. McDonald was made Chairman of the Anglo- 
American Oil Company and also became a Director 
in various other companies throughout Europe. 
!!>• was the representative of the parent organi- 
zation in all of its dealings with the foreign com- 
panies and to him is due, in large measure, the 
remarkable organization which the Standard Oil 
Company has built up. 

Mr. McDonald, although born under the British 
flag, was a loyal son to his adopted country and 
took a patriotic interest in the expansion oi Amer- 
ican Commercial strength. He worked incessantly 
in organizing the petroleum export trade of the 
Cnited States and to him is due, more than any 
other individual, the opening up of the world's 
markets to the American product. 

As the European representative of the Standard 
Oil Company. Mr. McDonald had one of the most 
important offices in the entire organization. He 
had to possess not only the highest ability as a 
business executive, but also was required to ex- 
hibit unusual powers as a diplomatist. When he 
first went abroad the greater portion of the pe- 
troleum used on the Continent and in the British 
Isles came from the wells of Russia, and the work 
of placing the American product was one of the 
most stupendous tasks ever attempted by one man. 
Russia, for so long the petroleum dictator of 
Europe, resisted his efforts strenuously and in 
many ways, and frequently was joined by other 
oil-producing countries of the Old World, but Mr. 
McDonald met this formidable competition un- 
flinchingly and in the end had the satisfaction of 
seeing America's product on a par with its rivals 
in the markets of Europe. 

In addition to the work of opening the Euro- 
pean markets, Mr. McDonald was charged with the 
details of supplying the petroleum and was in com- 
mand of the immense fleets of oil tank steamers 
operated by the Anglo-American Oil Company and 
other organizations, between America and Europe 
and between European ports. Mr. McDonald not 
only directed the operation of these fleets but also 
had an active part in the designing and building of 
the vessels, which transport millions of gallons of 
oil across the seas annually. 

During the many years of this strenuous cam- 
paign Mr. McDonald devoted himself unselfishly to 
his task, working many hours of the day, and often- 
times going without sleep. This was a terrific 
strain on his powers, and although he was pos- 
sessed of remarkable physical endurance, he vir- 
tually wore himself out through overwork. His 
efforts were rewarded with gratifying success and 
a tremendous commercial conquest, but he paid the 
penalty of sacrificing his health. 

In 1906, after having worked uninterruptedly (or 
more than forty-six years, Mr. McDonald developed 
a serious affection of the heart and was compelled 
to retire from all active business. Since that time 
he has traveled to all parts of the world in search 
of health, under orders of his physicians to avoid 
exertion, physical or mental, as much as possible. 
Finding it necessary to live in a warm climate, he 
went to Southern California in the winter of 1911- 
12 and spent the season there, planning to return 
there each winter in the future. 

From the time he went to England to reside 

Mr. McDonald lias made his home there in hen- 
don, with only occasional visits to the United 
States. He built a magnificent residence in Cado 
gan Square and has taken a prominent part in the 
sin iai lit'- ol the metropolis. 

Mr. McDonald is one of the leading clubmen oi 
London, being a member of the Empire, Bath, 
Ranelagh and Royal Automobile Clubs of the i a,p] 
tai; also oi Phyllis Court, at Henley on Thames. 




ILLER, JOHN BARNES, President of. the 
Southern California Edison Company, Los 
Angeles, California, was born at Port 
Huron, St, Clair County, Michigan, October 
23, 1869. He is the son of John Edgar Miller and 
Sarah Amelia (Barnes) Miller. His ancestors were 
of that group of religious refugees from Germany — 
Mennonites — who settled in Pennsylvania on the 
invitation of William Penn. He married Carrie 
Borden Johnson of Yonkers, N. Y., on April 17, 
1895. There are five chil- 
dren: Philadelphia Borden, 
John Borden, Edgar Gail, 
Morris Barnes and Carrie 
St. Clair Miller. 

Mr. Miller attended public 
and private schools at Port 
Huron, Michigan, and gradu- 
ated from the Ann Arbor 
School in 1888. He took a 
special literary course in the 
University of Michigan at 
Ann Arbor, 1888-89, and left 
college owing to the physical 
collapse of his father. 

The next two years he 
managed the personal inter- 
ests of his father and studied 
law in an office at Port 
Huron. He planned to take 
the bar examinations, but in 
1892 became interested in a 
plantation near Delhi, Rich- 
mond Parish, Louisiana, and 
managed it for about two 

Mr. Miller then returned 
to Michigan, where his father 
was again actively engaged 

in business. They became interested in the steam- 
boat and fuel business, to which he devoted about 
three years. 

In 1896 he disposed of his Eastern interests and 
moved to Los Angeles. After surveying the invest- 
ment field for a considerable length of time, Mr. 
Miller was struck with the wonderful opportuni- 
ties for development in electric lighting and the 
utilization of water power for long transmission, a 
method then little known. When he undertook the 
development of electric light and power the coun- 
try around Los Angeles was dotted with numerous 
little plants, none of which was large enough to at- 
tract capital, and consequently not in a position to 
expand or to render the best service. 

By amalgamating a number of these smaller 
companies — with consequent economics — mod- 
ernizing plants and methods, and a highly organ- 
ized management, and by obtaining extensive water 
power control, Mr. Miller and his associates laid 
the foundation of what today is one of the most 


zation of this company by Mr. Miller marked the 
beginning of electrical advancement in Southern 
California and the birth of an industry that has 
grown steadily. 

Mr. Miller was elected president of the Edison 
Electric Company in 1901, and through various 
changes in the form of that corporation has been 
the directing spirit. When the company was re- 
organized several years ago under the name of the 
Southern California Edison Co. he continued as its 
executive head, and still re- 
tains that position. It is not 
stretching a point to say that 
Mr. Miller has been a domi- 
nating personality in the 
growth of the company, but 
his success in the upbuilding 
of it is due to his finan- 
cial rather than to any tech- 
nical ability. 

He was one of the found- 
ers of the old Southwestern 
National Bank, later consoli- 
dated with the First Nation- 
al Bank, and of the Los An- 
geles Trust Company, now 
the Los Angeles Trust and 
Savings Bank, in the former 
of which organizations he 
remains as director. In ad- 
dition to those two. and 
the office of president of the 
Southern California Edison 
Company, Mr. Miller is a di- 
rector and member of the ex- 
ecutive committee of the Pa- 
cific Mutual Life Insurance 
Company, president of the 
Union Power Company, di- 
rector of the Sinaloa Land and Water Company, 
director of the Santa Barbara Gas and Electric 
Company and a director of the Long Beach Con- 
solidated Gas Company. 

The Pacific Mutual is one of the leading life in- 
surance companies on the Pacific Coast, and the 
other concerns mentioned, such as water, gas and 
power, are important public utilities in their re- 
spective localities, ably managed and modern in 
every detail. In all of these the progressive poli- 
cies of Mr. Miller go far toward shaping their 
courses and expansion. 

His clubs are: California, Jonathan, Los An- 
geles Country and Los Angeles Athletic Clubs, 
Country, Overland Clubs of Pasadena, Santa Bar- 
bara Country Club, University Club of Redlands, 
Pacific Union and Bohemian Clubs of San Fran- 
cisco and the Automobile Club of America of New 

He belongs to the Blue Lodge, Chapter, Com- 
mandery and Shrine of Masonry. He was a meni- 


important public utilities in the West. The organi- ber of the Delta Kappa Epsilon College Fraternity. 


United States Senator from Nevada, Ex 
Chief Justice Supreme Court of Ne 
vada, Attorney at Law, Reno, Nev., \va 
born at Oakfield, Perry County, Ohio, October ' 
1856, the son of William and Nancy (Thorp) 
Massey. Mr. Massey's maternal ancestry traces 
back to sturdy Pennsylvania German stock that 
flourished in the early trying days of the Key- 
stone State. His father, a native of Ireland, was 
a physician and rendered 
distinguished services with 
the Union forces during the 
War of the Rebellion. Mr. 
Massey was twice married, 
his first wife being Miss 
Nellie Florence, whom he 
married September 3, 1879. 
To this union there were 
born William H. and Rob- 
ert R. Massey. The first 
Mrs. Massey died in 1893. 
On February 12, 1S9S, at 
Carlin, Nevada, Mr. Massey 
married Annie Sheehan. 

Mr. Massey received his 
early education in the public 
schools of Edgar County, Il- 
linois, whither his father had 
removed in 1865, to take up 
the practice of medicine at 
the close of the war. In ad- 
dition to his schooling, Mr. 
Massey's father tutored him 
in Latin and Greek before he 
had even entered his 'teens. 
At the age of fourteen he 
was snt to Union Christian 
College in Indiana. All Mr. 
Massey's early tutoring had been directed toward 
preparing him for a career in the army, beginning 
with a course at West Point, but on account of an 
injury to his eyes he was compelled to abandon his 
course at Union Christian College while in the 
third year and his hopes for a military career also 
had to be relinquished. In 1874, he entered old As- 
hury in.™ DePauw) University, at Greencastle, 
Ind.. but the following year he was again compelled 
i,, abandon his studies, this time owing to the ill 
health of his father. 

In 1S75, Mr. Massey began teaching school in 
Edgar County, Illinois, and while thus engaged tie 
began reading law. At the close of the school term 
he went into the office of Van Seller & Dole, where 
he remained until September, ls?7, reading law. 
In September, 1877, Mr. Massey removed to Sulli- 
van, Ind., where on October 29, 1877, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar. He entered upon the active 
work of his profession by forming a partnership 
with John i'. I'.riggs, ex-partner of the late United 
States Senator Daniel Voorhees, of Indiana, and 
their success was notable from the very beginning. 
In the fall of 1886, Mr. Massey went to San 

Diego. Cal., for a well earned rest, remaining there 
Until May of the following year. In that month he 


removed to Tuscarora. Elko County, Nev. There 
the natural trend of the country drew him into the 
mining business, which was then at its height. For 
five years he prospected in mining with indifferent 
success, so at the end of that period, in the spring 
of 1893, he opened an office for the practice of law 
at Elko. Within a year his success had been so 
marked that he was elected District Attorney of 
Elko County, without opposition. In 1896, while 
still serving his term as District Attorney, he was 
elected Justice of the Su- 
preme Court of the State, on 
the Silver Republican ticket. 
In this campaign he was also 
indorsed by the Democratic 
party of the State. 

On January 1, 1900, a 
few months over three years 
after his accession to the 
Supreme Court Bench, he 
was chosen Chief Justice of 
that tribunal. He held this 
post until September 1, 1902, 
when he resigned. One of 
the most important suits 
that came before him was 
that of Wedekin vs. Bell et 
al„ involving apex rights to 
patented Government lands. 
This suit was one of in- 
tense and vital importance 
to the mining business of 
the United States, and if de- 
cided would have made 
a new rule in mine litigation. 
It was settled out of court, 
dismissed from the docket, 
and the legal point involved 
has never since been judi- 
cially settled. After his resignation from the Su- 
preme bench, Mr. Massey resumed the practice of 
the law, becoming a member of the firm of Cheney, 
Massey & Smith In 1905. the firm became Cheney 
& Massey, continuing as such until June, 1907, 
when it became Cheney, Massey & Price. In Sep- 
tember, 1910, Judge Massey retired from the firm 
and has practiced alone ever since, except for 
a brief partnership with Judge Harwood in 

July 1, 1912, Mr. Massey was appointed United 
States Senator, by Governor Oddie. to till the un- 
expired term of the late Senator George S. Nixon 
Mr. Massey served until January 1. 1913, In Sep 
tember, 1912, he was nominated for United States 
Senator on the Republican ticket, securing the 
Domination at the state direct primaries without 
opposition. In the general election of 1912, which 
followed, he was defeated lor the Senatorship by 

S'.i rotes, OUl of a total popular vote id' 20,031 

Mr. Massey has important mining interests, 
sonic of which he has been interested in tol I I 
eral decades or more. His chief property is the 
Silver Top group in Eureka County. .Nevada. Mr 
Massey is a Mason, a member of the Reno Klks 

Lodge, and of the Reno Commercial Club, 






PATERSON, JAMBS VENN, Naval Arcliitect 
and Constructor, President Seattle Con- 
struction & Dry Dock Company, Seattle, 
Washington, was born at Glasgow, Scot- 
land, in 1867, the son of Dr. Robert Paterson, 
F. R. C. S., and Marion iC.nnni Paterson. In 1898, 
at New York City, he married Miss Marie Josephine 
Van Deventer, daughter of David Provoost Van 
Deventer of Matawan, New Jersey. To this union 
there have been born Robert Van Deventer and 
James Venn Paterson, Jr. 

Mr. Paterson received his preliminary educa- 
tion at Albany Academy, in his native city, and 
after completing the course of studies at this in- 
stitution in 1SS3 entered the University of Glas- 
gow, taking a special course in philosophy and 
mathematics and afterwards directing his studies 
toward preparation for a career as a builder of 
ships. He left the University of Glasgow finally 
in 1888. 

In 18S5, Mr. Paterson became an apprentice 
shipwright to the noted firm of Alex. Stephen 
& Sons. Here he received his first practical les- 
sons in the industry in which he was subsequently 
to hold such an important place on the Pacific 
Coast of the United States. He left this firm in 
1S87 and in the same year went into the employ 
of D. & W. Henderson & Co., Glasgow shipbuild- 
ers, where he continued his apprenticeship. He 
remained with this firm until 1890, when he be- 
came draughtsman at the Naval Works at South- 
ampton, England. His service in this capacity led 
to early recognition of his ability, and he was 
made chief draughtsman. In 1891 he became as- 
sociated with Prof. Sir J. H. Biles, member of the 
Committee of Imperial Defense, who occupied the 
chair el Naval Architecture at the University of 
Glasgow. He remained with Prof. Biles three 
years, assisting him in his professional work. 

In 1893, .Mr. Paterson, although but twenty-live 
years of age, made his entry into the American 
ihlpbullding industry as superintendent of design 
and construction of tin- United States mail steam- 
ers "St. Louis" and "St. Paul," which were then 
being built by William Cramp .V Son. for the 
American Line. The Cramps utilized .Mr. Pater- 
son's services to the extent of giving him complete 
charge of the building of these important vessels. 
The skill with which Mr. Paterson discharged 
these undertakings was later proved at a critical 
period of American history, when the "St Paul." 
"St. Louis," "Paris" and "New York" were con- 
Verted into naval BCOUl cruisers, and under the 
names of "St. Paul." "St. Louis." "Yale" and 
"Harvard" did valiant service in the Caribbean 

Sea, hanging on the skirts of the American fleet and 
keeping watch to protect the outlying American and 
Cuban sea ports. Mr. Paterson continued as naval 
architect for the International Navigation Company, 
then operating the Red Star Line and the- American 
Line for several years, directing its new construc- 
tion in this country and in Europe until it was 
merged in the International Mercantile Marine 

Mr. Paterson, in 1906, went to Seattle, Wash- 
ington, where he became vice president and gen- 
eral manager of The Moran Company, one of the 
most important construction enterprises west ol 
Chicago. In 1910, Mr. Paterson became president 
of the company. He remained with this concern 
until 1912. 

In 1912 the Seattle Construction & Dry Dock 
Company was organized and he was made its 
president. That company took over The Moran 
Company, and created what may be called one of 
the greatest combined land and water construc- 
tion enterprises on the Pacific. Mr. Paterson de- 
signed and built for his company the largest filiat- 
ing dry dock on the Pacific Coast and enlarged 
the plant of the company to meet all the needs of 
the Pacific Northwest in shipbuilding and ship re- 

Mr. Paterson's company has built many vessels 
for the United States, including submarines. The 
Chilean submarines built and completed in 1914 
by the company were sold by Mr. Paterson to the 
Canadian Government immediately before the dec- 
laration of war by Great Britain and were delivered 
by Mr. Paterson personally on the high seas to an 
officer of the British navy on the morning of the 
first day of the war between Great Britain and 
i rermany. 

with all his business activities. Mr. Paterson 
has found time to be an active participant in all 
civic movements, and to till many honorary posts 
in commercial and industrial organizations. He is 
well to the fore in all progressive campaigns for 
the betterment socially or economically of Seattle. 
Pugel Sound and the Northwest. He was one Ol 
the leaders in organizing the Federation ol Em 
ployerfi of the Pacific Coast and has had an Im- 
portant part in keeping employer and employee on 
friendly terms in the Northwest. 

Mr. Paterson is a member Of the London In- 
stitution of Naval Architects. Institution of Engi- 
neers and Shipbuilders in Scotland. New York So- 
ciety i.i Naval Vrchltects and Marine Engineers, 

American Academy Ol Political and Social Sclei 

American Society of Mechanical Engil rs. the 

University, Rainier. Arctic. Press, Golf and (nun- 
try, and Yacht Clubs of Seattle. 






HAMMOND, JOHN HAYS. Consulting En- 
gineer, San Francisco. New York and 
London, was born in San Francisco, 
California, March 31, 1855, the son of 
Major Richard Pindle Hammond and Sarah Eliza- 
beth (Hays) Hammond. His father, a native of 
Maryland, was graduated from the United States 
Military Academy in 1841 and served with dis- 
tinction in the Mexican War, retiring from 
the army with the rank of major. He after- 
wards settled in California with his wife, who 
was a daughter of Harmon Hays, a Tennes- 
see planter, and sister of Colonel John C. Hays, 
famous as a commander of Texas Rangers in 
the border war days. Mr. Hammond married 
Miss Natalie Harris, daughter of Judge J. W. 
M. Harris of Mississippi on New Year's day, 
1880, and to them there have been born four 
sons, Harris, John Hays, Jr., Richard Pindle and 
Nathaniel Hammond. 

Mr. Hammond, who has been called the great- 
est engineering genius of his era and has con- 
quered obstacles in most of the civilized and un- 
civilized parts of the world, inherited his engineer- 
ing ability from his father. He was also fortu- 
nate in having splendid educational advantages in 
his training period. He received his preliminary 
education in public and private schools, going 
from Hopkins Grammar School, at New Haven, 
Connecticut, to Y'ale University. He was gradu- 
ated from Sheffield Scientific School of Yale in 
1876, with the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy, 
and in 1898, twenty-two years later, Y'ale con- 
ferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts. 
Following the completion of his course at Yale, 
he studied for three years in the Royal School of 
Mines at Freiberg, Saxony, but did not graduate. 
Other collegiate honors bestowed upon him in 
later years were the degree of Doctor of Engineer- 
ing from Stevens Institute of Technology, in 1906, 
and that of Doctor of Laws, conferred upon him 
in 1907 by St. Johns College. 

From the time he left school Mr. Hammond 
has been progressing successfully and succes- 
sively in the world of mining and mine engineer- 
ing, until today, with a wonderful record of ac- 
complishment behind him, he stands at the head 
of his profession, this position being voted him 
by his contemporaries in all parts of the world. 

Upon his return from Saxony, in 18S0, Mr. Ham- 
mond was chosen by the United States Government 
as special expert for the Geological Survey to ex- 
amine the gold fields of California. His report on 
the gold resources of his native State, made after 
the most thorough investigation, was the most 
comprehensive ever prepared up to that time and 
is one of the record government authorities. 

His work in this capacity established Mr. Hani 
mond us one of the experts of tin- mining world 
; i r i < J lor the next few years succeeding lie was in 
great demand for examination and research work. 
in 1892, when he was barely thirty-seven years of 
age, Mr. Hammond was chosen as superintendent 
of large silver properties in Sonora. Mexico, and 
during the time he was there he also examined a 
number of other valuable properties, thereby 
gaining first-hand information about the mining 

possibilities of tiic Republic. 

He was called back to San Francisco from Mex- 
ico to become consulting engineer of mines in 

Crass Valley. California, anil also was chosen as 

Consulting Engineer for the Union iron Works of 
San Francisco, the Central Pacific and the South- 
ern Pacific Railroads. 

The work accomplished by Mr. Hammond in 
these offices added to his reputation and he was 
commissioned to examine mining properties in all 
parts of the world. Finally, in 1893, he was sum- 
moned to South Africa by the celebrated diamond 
and gold magnates, Barnato Brothers of London 
and South Africa. This was the beginning of one 
of the most thrilling and picturesque Chapters in 
his entire life, for, after a short experience in the 
country, he became associated with Cecil Rhodes, 
then Chief Engineer of his enterprises, and with 
the immortal empire-builder he took a conspicuous 
part in that country's upbuilding. 

Mr. Hammond was one of the intimates of the 
great Rhodes in his plans and in his engineering 
triumphs not only won the respect and admiration 
of the leader, but caused a feeling among the na- 
tives of the country that made them put him in the 
class of the wonder-worker. For instance, Mr. 
Hammond turned the wild trails of certain places 
into level streets and platted cities almost over 
night; built mine elevators by which thousands 
of the natives were shot down into the mines in 
the morning and brought back to the surface of 
the earth at evening, and accomplished other feats 
which so startled the people that they really re- 
garded him as superhuman. 

As an ardent supporter of Cecil Rhodes, Mr. 
Hammond naturally came to have a prominent part 
in the political plans of his leader and was one of 
the four great leaders of the reform movement in 
the Transvaal. It was during this time that Rhodes 
stationed a body of 600 men, under Dr. Leonard 
Starr Jameson, on the border of the Transvaal to 
be prepared for any disturbances which might be 
fomented by the Uitlanders. Mr. Hammond was 
with him. Finally, Jameson made his celebrated 
raid, which resulted so disastrously, and Mr. Ham- 
mond, who was not in sympathy with the move- 
ment, was one of the chief sufferers. Dr. Jameson, 
on his own initiative, went forward one day to at- 
tack Krugersdorp, but met with such fierce resist- 
ance that even his bombardment of tin- town 
proved ineffectual and his attack failed. He next 
attacked Doornkoop. but after a terrific battle of 
thirty-six hours' duration, in which he lost seven- 
teen men killed and forty-nine wounded, ho was 
compelled to surrender to the Boers. 

Jameson and his officers were turned over to 
the British Government for punishment and Mr. 
Hammond, as one of the supposed leaders, was 
first sentenced to death for his pari in tin- raid 
This later was commuted to fifteen years' impris- 
onment and finally he regained his ■ freedom by 
paying to the Transvaal Government $125,000. 

While connected with the Rhodes enterprises 
as Consulting Engineer of the Consolidated Gold 
Fields of South Africa, the British South Africa 
Company and the Randfontein Estate Gold Mining 
Company, Mr. Hammond accomplished marvels in 
the engineering work and is given credit for a 
large part of the Buccess attaching to the develop- 
ment of Rhodesia. It was while there that ho dls- 
played a side of his character that showed the 
bigness and fairness of the man, the incident here 
related being told by a warm friend of his some 
yeari after it occurred. 

As the story goes. Mr. Hammond, in his capacitj 

of chief Engineer, commissioned a younger man, 
in whom he had great confidence, to handle a large 

operation and this man. through an error of judg- 
ment, caused damage which meant the loss of a 

tremendous amount of monev to his employers 

Humiliated and discouraged, the younger engineer 



appeared before Mr. Hammond, told him what 
he had done and tendered his resignation. The 
elder man would not accept it, but instead told 
his assistant how the damage could be repaired, 
and then said to him : 

"You cannot afford to make this mistake. You 
are a young man and have your whole life before 
you. If I make this mistake, the world will not 
take it so seriously, and, as I sent you out, I will 
stand responsible for the damage." 

This he did, and the younger man, who was 
ready to abandon the work for which Mr. Ham- 
mond considered him born, was saved from dis- 
grace. He is today one of the great and success 
ful engineering experts of the world. 

This is a story that Mr. Hammond never relates 
himself, nor is the writer aware that it has ever 
appeared in print before. 

Following the completion of his works in South 
Africa and his exoneration, morally, for his part 
in the Jameson raid, Mr. Hammond settled in Lon- 
don, England, and there became interested in a 
number of large mining companies in various parts 
of the world, including the United States and Mex- 
ico. In directing and overseeing these operations, 
he made many trips to the United States and 
other parts of the world, finally returning to his 
native country to remain permanently. 

Becoming associated with the great Guggenheim 
Brothers' mining interests as Chief Engineer for 
the Guggenheim Exploration Company of New 
York, Mr. Hammond took his place at the head of 
his profession in this country, at a salary variously 
estimated from half a million to a million dollars 
per annum. All the mining operations of this gi- 
gantic concern were placed under his personal su- 
pervision and he embarked upon one of the most 
extensive development enterprises ever known to 
the mining industry of America. He designed and 
supervised the construction of a vast system of 
canals in the placer fields of Alaska and opened up 
many valuable coal and metal properties in that 
northernmost possession of the United States. He 
also directed operations in various other parts of 
the United States, in Old Mexico and abroad, and 
made frequent trips to Russia and Siberia in the 
interest of his employers. His work in this ca- 
pacity is a part of mining history. 

A few years back, Mr. Hammond became inter- 
ested in the Yaqui River D-Mta Land & Water 
Company, projectors of the largest irrigation and 
general development enterprise ever undertaken in 
Mexico. This company owns more than a million 
acres of land in the Yaqui River Valley, which it is 
reclaiming and opening to settlement and Mr. 
Hammond is one of the owners as well as Chief 
Engineer and designer of the world. 

Mr. Hammond, who is regarded abroad as the 
typification of American progress, has been a fac- 
tor in American political life for many years. In 
1908, at the solicitation of friends, in many States, 
he became the candidate "of Massachusetts for the 
nomination of Vice President at the Republican 
National Convention, held that year in Chicago. 
Because of his great professional record and his 
personal popularity, his candidacy rapidly gained 
strength, delegates from Massachusetts, his resi- 
dence, and California, his native State, making a 
vigorous fight in his behalf. Other States, particu- 
larly the mining States of the West, rallied tc his 
standard, and nis headquarters, at the Congress 
Hotel in Chicago, was the scene of the greatest 
activity in the pre-convention days. 

His choice for the position of running mate to 
Taft seemed assured and, as events proved, he 

would have been elected to the second highest of- 
fice in the land; but as the nominations were about 
to be made, Mr. Hammond became convinced that 
the election of President Taft could be made more 
certain by the selection of a New York man as 
the Republican party's candidate for Vice Presi 
dent, so he withdrew in favor of James School- 
craft Sherman, of Utica, New York, and threw all 
of his support to him. 

Mr. Hammond, because of his great ability as 
an organizer, was later chosen as President of the 
National League of Republican Clubs, and in this 
capacity was enabled to render great assistance. 

President Taft and Mr. Hammond are warm 
personal friends and at their summer homes in 
Massachusetts have frequently played golf to- 
gether. This close association gave President Taft 
a clearer insight into the character of Mr. Ham- 
mond than could be had in the formal meetings of 
public life and in 1911, when it came time to choose 
a diplomatic envoy to represent the United States 
among the nations at the Coronation of King 
George Fifth and jueen Mary, the Chief Executive 
appointed Mr. Hammond Special Ambassador. The 
visit of Mr. Hammond and his wife to the English 
court was a triumph for them and their country. 
They were paid many honors by the newly crowned 
rulers and other notables who figured in the cere- 
monies, and they, in turn entertained lavishly. 

The reception accorded Mr. Hammond on this 
occasion was one of the most pleasing of his life 
and demonstrated to the world at large that any 
feeling which England may have had for his part 
in the Jameson affair had been obliterated by his 
later and greater accomplishments for the good of 
the Empire. His relations with King George were 
the most cordial of any had by a foreign delegate 
to the coronation. 

In addition to this honor, President Taft also 
reposed other confidences in Mr. Hammond, ad- 
vising with him on many matters of great impor- 
tance to the country. In his world-wide travels 
Mr. Hammond has made a deep study of interna- 
tional trade relations, and some of his utterances 
concerning development of foreign trade for the 
United States have been adopted as the basis of 
trade reform. He has also taken a very prominent 
part in the advocacy of reforms in the nation's 
mining laws, and has helped in the creation of nu- 
merous acts passed by Congress in recent years 
for the protection of lives and property of the 
miners. Because of his prominence in this re- 
spect and his frequent conferences at the White 
House, it was reported many times that President 
Taft was seeking to have him enter his Cabinet. 

Mr. Hammond served as President of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Mining Engineers during the years 
1907 and 1908. He has contributed numerous 
articles on mining and engineering matters to the 
technical press, and despite his diversified inter- 
ests, has found time to lecture before the young 
aspirants for engineering honors at various insti- 
tutions of "learning. Among others he has lectured 
before the classes of Columbia, Harvard, Yale and 
Johns Hopkins Universities. 

Other organizations in which Mr. Hammond is 
a leading figure are the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science, of which he was 
elected a Fellow in 1891, the National Civic Federa- 
tion and several lesser ones of a political or civic 
nature. He is a member of the Century and Uni- 
versity Clubs, of New York, and of the University 
Clubs of Denver, Salt Lake City and San Francisco. 
He makes his home at Gloucester, Massachusetts, 
but has offices in London and New York. 



ARNOLD, BION JOSEPH. Electrical Engi- 
neer. Born in Michigan, 1861. Son of Jo- 
seph and Geraldine Reynolds Arnold. He 
received his early education in the pub- 
lic schools of Ashland, Nebraska, and in the Uni- 
versity of Nebraska. He showed a marked inclina- 
tion for mechanics early and under the adverse 
conditions of a new country, where machine shops 
and technical schools were unknown, made nu- 
merous mechanical devices, among them be- 
ing a small steam engine at 
twelve; a full sized working 
bicycle at seventeen and a 
complete miniature working 
locomotive at eighteen. He 
spent his vacations when in 
school at practical engi- 
neering work, and was grad- 
uated from Hillsdale College 
with the degree of B. S. in 
1884; M. S., 1887; honorary 
M. Ph., 1SS9; post-graduate 
work electrical engineering, 
Cornell, 1SS8-S9; E. E. from 
the University of Nebraska, 
for course of technical lec- 
tures, in 1S98; honorary 
D. Sc, Armour Institute, 
1907; honorary Doctor En- 
gineering, University of 
Nebraska, 1911; President 
American Institute Electri- 
cal Engineers, 1903-04; dele- 
gate from this Institute to 
International Electrical Con- 
gress, Paris, 1900; First Vice 
President and Chairman Ex- 
ecutive Committee, St. Louis, 
1904; President, Western So- 
ciety of Engineers during 1906 and 1907. 

After graduation was general agent for an en- 
gine company; draftsman for the Allis Company, 
Milwaukee (now Allis-Chalmers) ; chief designer 
Iowa Iron Works, Dubuque; mechanical engineer, 
Chicago Great Western Railway, St. Paul. 

Upon leaving Cornell in 1889 took charge of St. 
Louis office Thomson-Houston Company, and later 
acted as Consulting Engineer of its Chicago office. 
Acted in similar capacity for the Columbian Intra- 
mural Railway, Chicago World's Fair, (he first ele- 
vated electric road in the United States. 

October, 1S93, opened office as an independent 
Consulting Engineer. In this capacity has been em- 
ployed by many large corporations and municipali- 
ties, being recognized as one of the foremost en- 
gineers of the country. 

Organized the Arnold Company in 1895, one of 
the most successful engineering organizations in 
the United States, carrying on engineering and 
construction work tor man; leading steam railways 
and industrial concerns throughout the country. 

BI( )N I. ARM )LD 

In 1S96 developed and took the responsibility of 
first applying the rotary converter sub-station stor- 
age battery high tension system of electric railway, 
by utilizing it on the Chicago & Milwaukee Electric 
road. This immediately became standard and was 
exemplified in its highest type in the installation 
of the New York Central terminal. Was a pioneer 
in single phase alternating current railway work 
and conducted at his own expense a series of ex- 
periments, 1900-04, which was largely instrumental 
in causing the rapid develop- 
ment of the single phase al- 
ternating current railway 
system. A number of steam 
roads have since adopted the 
single phase system, among 
them being the New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R. R. 
and the Grand Trunk Rail- 
way. Acted as Consulting 
Engineer for the latter com- 
pany in the design and in- 
stallation of the electrifica- 
tion of the St. Clair tunnel. 
In 1902, the city of Chi- 
cago selected him to make a 
thorough study and report of 
its traction system. This re- 
port formed the basis of the 
1907 ordinances, under which 
Chicago is getting one of the 
finest street car systems in 
the world. As Chairman and 
Chief Engineer of the Board 
of Supervising Engineers, he 
is largely responsible for 
this work. Also served on 
various Chicago commissions 
valuing surface car lines. In 
1911 submitted complete plans for a comprehensive 
subway system to the City Council Local Transpor- 
tation Committee. 

Prepared series of reports upon the subway sys- 
tem of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company 
when acting as Consulting Engineer for the Public 
Service Commission, First District. State of New 
York. Also acted as director of appraisals in the 
valuation of all surface street railway properties 
of New York and the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Co 
Has recently devoted much time to tin' solution 
of public utility problems and has submitted re- 
ports upon the traction systems of Pittsburg, Provi- 
dence and Los Angeles. Is now engaged in similar 
studies for the cities of San Francisco and Toronto 
Has just presented a report to the Interurhan 
Rapid Transit Commission, upon a comprehensive 
system of interurhan terminals tor Cincinnati, pro- 
viding rapid transit to the heart of the city, and is 
no« making, for the Federal Court, an appraisal 
of the properties of the Metropolitan Street Kail- 
way. Kansas City. Missouri. 





HEARST, HON. GEORGE (deceased), 
Ex-United States Senator, Mine and Land 
Owner, San Francisco, Cal., and Washing- 
ton, D. C, was born on a farm in Franklin 
County, Missouri, September 3, 1S20. He was the 
son of William G. and Elizabeth (Collins) Hearst. 
Mr. Hearst's father was a native of South Caro- 
lina, having gone to Missouri in 1S0S, when that 
State formed an outer boundary of the frontier. 
The Hearst family was of Scotch descent, the first 
American record dating back to the year 16S0. 
The Collins family came from England during 
the formative period of this country and the 
father of Mrs. Elizabeth (Collins) Hearst was also 
a pioneer in Missouri. George Hearst was mar- 
ried on June 15, 1862, at Steelville, Missouri, 
to Phoebe E. Apperson, daughter of Randolph \V. 
Apperson, the descendant of a prominent Virginia 
family. Mrs. Hearst has achieved great fame as a 
philanthropist, and patron of educational institu- 
tions and movements. Her good works are legion 
and she is numbered among the greatest women 
of the age. Mr. and Mrs. Hearst had one son, 
William Randolph Hearst. 

George Hearst was brought up in Missouri. 
His educational advantages were exceedingly 
meager, consisting of but a few short periods of 
irregular attendance at a country school, which 
one can, considering its day and locality, easily 
picture in the mind's eye as a hewn log room of 
moderate dimensions, located, in an effort to 
equalize distances, miles from everyone, compell- 
ing a long trudge through snow or mud by those 
who could and were eager enough to take advan- 
tage of its offering. Young Hearst's father re- 
quired his help in conducting the farm, however, 
his mother gave him the benefit of her education 
and Mr. Hearst often stated in later life that 
the best of everything he knew he had acquired 
from that patient soul who had undergone so 
much of the hardships of pioneering in order to 
help establish a home for the family. 

As George Hearst grew, Franklin County de- 
veloped into the scat of the principal metal-mining 
industry of the United States and the youth ac- 
quired a boyish interest in the work. One of the 
leading men of the State in that day. and a man 
closely Identified with its mineral development, 
was Dr. Silas Heed, a man of a high order of In- 
telligence and brilliant education, and, a mineral- 
ogist and geologist, as well as a physician. Dr. 

Reed, who was a neighbor of the Hearsts, be- 
came interested in George Hearst and en 
couraged him in his interest in mining. He loaned 
him books on the subject of mineralogy and 
geology and assisted him in working out their 
problems. To this basic training .Mr. Hearst owed 
much of his later magnificent and almost infallible 
judgment on mineral questions. 

As a young man Mr. Hearst went to work in 
the lead mining properties of his native State and 
owing to Dr. Reed's training and his own common 
sense he soon became recognized as an expert 
mineralogist and geologist, and it is safe to say 
would have made an excellent future for himself 
even had he remained in the lead fields of Mis- 

But George Hearst was born with an ambition. 
That ambition was to become financially inde- 
pendent. He reasoned that honesty of purpose, 
backed by determination and courage, would suc- 
ceed, and he had those three qualities back of his 
ambition. They dominated his character. 

I'p to early manhood Mr. Hearst had stuck 
conscientiously to the farm, and for a few years 
before he reached the age of thirty, to the lead 
industry. But all this time he was constantly 
watching for an opportunity wherein he could 
wedge an opening big enough to permit him to 
get a foothold for himself in something he could 
call his own. He felt that his foot once planted 
he would be perfectly satisfied to enter into hon- 
est competition with the rest of the world. 

In 1849, when George Hearst was almost thirty 
years of age, the country was aroused by the re- 
ported discovery of gold in California. The glow- 
ing reports filtered through the wilderness to the 
most remote corners of the country. It was not 
long before Mr. Hearst heard of the Eldorado on 
the Pacific Coast and he listened earnestly to the 
reports, allowing a liberal discount on all he heard. 
Then he quietly set about looking for evidence — 
proof that the facts came within fifty per cent of 
the stories told. 

\ii Hearst had not yet really attempted the 
realization of his ambition, but was Industriously 
doing his part in his own little world as ho 
awaited the opportunity to step into a bigger, 
broader world of affairs. To he born with an 
honest ambition is a great blessing for it gives 
one a clearly defined mark to aim at; to hit that 
mark Squarelj and honestl) in the center is about 



the greatest satisfaction to be realized in this 
world for then one can pass on with the peaceful 
knowledge that they have accomplished their 
mission. Furthermore, he had resolved that what- 
ever step he took from the lead fields should be 
his life move and that he would stick to the work 
and wrestle his reward from it or devote his life 
to the attempt. Realizing all this he held out for 
proof of the truth of the California gold stories 
and finally found sufficient to interest him. He 
weighed the facts which he learned carefully, with 
the result that in 1850 he set out for the much- 
heralded gold fields. 

Leaving Missouri, George Hearst took the land 
route, braving all the hardships, privations and 
dangers of the journey, with one team of oxen, 
one of mules and one of horses. When he reached 
California one team alone survived. He settled 
first in Nevada County, California, at that time 
the leading placer mining district, and at once be- 
gan the search for gold with pick, shovel and pan, 
and later made something of a business of trad- 
ing in claims. 

For the next nine years Mr. Hearst prospected, 
many of his fields being in sections which had 
never before known the white man's presence. 
Time after time his hopes were raised by promis- 
ing conditions or the actual discovery of gold in 
limited quantities, but at the end of nine years 
the total cash reward of his efforts had been little 
more than a living, without many of the joys or 
comforts of life, but, in their stead he had had nine 
years of labor and experience which had given 
him much valuable knowledge about gold mining. 
Strange to say, he was now more confident of 
ultimate success, and more determined upon the 
realization of his ambition, than he had been the 
day he started from Missouri nine years before. 
His target was still before him and with a steady 
nerve he kept his efforts aimed at its center. 

In 1859 Mr. Hearst brought his early training 
of his lead mining days into play. It was at the 
time when the possibilities of the great quartz 
veins began to be recognized. Up to that time 
prospectors had done little more than roam the 
hills and search the beds of streams for nuggets 
and "dust." Mr. Hearst went to the Washoe dig- 
gings in Nevada, the site of the world-famous 
Comstock lode, landing there with but limited 
means, his knowledge of mining and an un- 
quenchable ambition. 

His experience quickly told him the value of 
the blackstone ore of the Comstock district and 
he at once began locating and trading in claims 
while the excitement was at its height, all the 

while acquiring interests for himself in some of 
the biggest producers in the district. Owing to 
his good judgment and expert care in the develop- 
ment of the properties, his success was continuous 
and he was rarely found interested in any mine 
that was not a producer. 

In 1860 Mr. Hearst put his affairs in such shape 
that he could leave them for a time and made a 
trip back to his old home in Missouri, remaining 
away, including the time of the journey there and 
back, about two years. It was while on this trip 
that he married. On his return to the Coast he 
took up his affairs practically where he had left 
them almost two years before, except that his in- 
terests in the Washoe properties had, in the mean- 
time, been constantly increasing in value. 

Mr. Hearst, who was now making his permanent 
headquarters in San Francisco, gradually increased 
his holdings of desirable properties and when he 
saw the opportunity, assembled all the capital he 
could command and secured a large interest in the 
famous Ophir mine and became a millionaire by 
1865, or in about five years' time, according to the 
customary way of reckoning, but he himself con- 
tended that it took him nearer forty-five years, 
for as he said, he had devoted his entire life up 
to that time fitting himself to accomplish what 
he had. 

Shortly after 1865 the country had a long pe- 
riod of severe financial depression that set about 
a series of failures. This wave of disaster swept 
away a large portion of Mr. Hearst's fortune. It 
was a hard blow but he patiently and pluckily 
began again to recoup his losses. Although con- 
tinuing his intense interest in mining proper- 
ties, he shrewdly devoted considerable attention 
and money to San Francisco real estate which he 
realized had a wonderful future. The value of his 
purchases increased rapidly and his mining ven- 
tures again proved successful so that he soon re- 
gained his lost fortune with interest. 

It was not long before Mr. Hearst became a 
recognized power in California and this, combined 
with his steady judgment which always acted as a 
balance wheel for any enterprise with which he 
was associated, caused other men of affairs to 
seek his support and co-operation in many of the 
monumental undertakings of the day. Along 
about 1870 or 1871, he, Haggin and Tevis became 
associated in the development of certain large 
mining properties over the west, and land enter- 
prises in California. They acquired and de- 
veloped the famous Ontario mine in Utah, which 
for many years paid annual dividends of $3,000,000. 
He acquired the Homestake mine in the Black 
Hills of South Dakota, a low grade gold property 



which ha* become world famous as a large and 
steady dividend producer. Mr. Hearst not being 
able to go himself, but knowing that the Ana- 
conda mine was an excellent property, sent .Mar- 
cus Daly to negotiate its purchase, and Mr. Hearst 
with Haggin, Tevis and Daly acquired this after- 
ward famous mine. 

Mr. Hearst had other valuable mining interests 
in many parts of California, Arizona and Nevada 
and was recognized as the most expert judge of 
mining property in the country. He contributed 
in many ways to the development of modern 
processes and methods of mining. 

Mr. Hearst became deeply interested in de- 
veloping the resources of California and advanc- 
ing the State's prosperity. He acquired large 
land interests throughout the State in addition to 
his holdings of San Francisco property. His State 
land holdings consisted of valuable ranch proper- 
ties and some unimproved land. Most of his land 
holdings proved to be exceedingly profitable, 
either having been sold at a great advance or are 
retained in his estate. He left many scattered 
land holdings in other parts of the west than Cali- 
fornia, and an enormous ranch in Mexico. 

On an extensive scale he became interested in 
farming and the raising of high grade cattle and 
horses, this latter leading him later into the 
"sport of kings," and he became well known on 
the Eastern turf in the palmy days of racing. 
One of his famous purchases, but a failure as a 
racer, was "King Thomas," for which he paid $40,- 
(K>0. For two years his stable was uniformly un- 
successful but in 1S90 his winnings amounted into 
the hundreds of thousands of dollais and he held a 
high place in racing records. 

Mr. Hearst, who was, throughout his life, a 
firm, unflinching Democrat, developed mild politi- 
cal ambitions but his advisers at first were poorly 
selected. It was one place in his life where he 
felt that, as a prospective representative of the 
public, ho should listen to the counsel and advice 
of others, setting aside to a large degree his own 
well balanced judgment. The result was dis- 
astrous to his earlier efforts. An example of his 
ill-advised political campaigns is well illustrated 
by a fatal incident in 1882, at the time his name 
was placed in nomination by the Democratic 
party tor Governor of California; Mr. Hearst was 
a plain spoken man— not an orator but a man who 
spoke Logically without flower or eloquence — a 
man who by his simple, honest speech had always 
made himself clearly understood and impressed 
his hearers At the time the nomination fur Gov- 
ernor was up he came forward and made a peech 
so rhetorical that it was plainly evident that II 
had been written tor him. expre sing only what 
he wished to express, it is true, hut in language 
thai he never was guilty of using and which made, 
him sound as a stranger to the vast assemblage, 
most of whom knew him well ami loved him. 

The result was it fell flat and General Stone- 
man secured the nomination Then Mr. Hearst 
again came forward and in his own plain, simple 
language, declared he would heartily support the 
candidate. This latter speech aroused a great 
deal of enthusiasm and became a feature of the 
convention. At the height of the enthusiasm one 
of the audience stood up and called out "George, 
if you had talked that way before the vote you 
would have had the nomination." Mr. Hearst 
only smiled his well known kindly smile. 

Mr. Hearst's party was greatly disappointed 
because of his failure to secure the Gubernatorial 
nomination in 1SS2, and in 18S5 he was given the 
complimentary vote of the Democratic minority 
in the Legislature for United States Senator, and 
on March 23, 1885, he was appointed, as Democrat, 
to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United 
States Senator John F. Miller. He took his seat 
April 9, 1SS6, but the Legislature, which was still 
strongly Republican, on August 4. of that year, 
elected A. P. Williams, a Republican, to serve out 
the unexpired term of Senator Miller. The tables 
were turned, however, when the Legislature again 
met in January, 1887, at which time Mr. Hearst 
was chosen to succeed Senator Williams for the 
full term. He died, however, before completing 
the term, but during his four years of service he 
achieved great prominence as a statesman. 

While Senator Hearst never claimed any great 
gift of oratory or public debate, his excellent, con- 
servative judgment and wide knowledge of affairs 
made him an exceedingly valuable member of 
committees and he became a strong influence 
with his fellow Senators. His qualities were 
quickly recognized by the nation and he was one 
of the striking, important figures always pointed 
out to visitors from the Senate gallery. He was a 
hard and conscientious worker for those measures 
of his constituents in which he believed, and the 
many friendships which he formed in the Senate 
accrued greatly to the advantage of the West and 
California in particular. 

Senator Hearst's sound conservatism asserted 
itself in national affairs even more pronouncedly 
perhaps than in his personal or business life, as 
was well demonstrated at the time of the "Cut- 
ting incident." during President Cleveland's ad- 
ministration. As is well known, the tension was 
high and a declaration of war between this coun 
try and Mexico seemed inevitable and was mo- 
mentarily expected. At the most critical period 
of the affair Senator Hearst hurried personally to 

Pri ei. Hi Cleveland and declared himself, so 

emphatically, on the subject, in behalf of the best 

interest of the 1'nited siates. that the President 

was forced to Senator Hearst's point Of view and 

Immediately directed bis actions in accordance, 

averting an unnecessary war. hitter enmity and 
tin' destruction Of valuable business relations be- 
tween ih,. tu,, countries. Tie- soundness "t Sena- 



tor Hearst's judgment in this "incident" has, of 
course, been fully proved many times since. 

One of the enduring results of Senator Hearst's 
political career was the "San Francisco Exami- 
ner," a morning journal which he purchased when 
it was supposed to be on its last legs. After con- 
ducting it for a time with indifferent success, in 
1886, he presented it to his son, William Randolph 
Hearst. It was the start of that now ramous jour- 
nalist and man of affairs on the road to where he 
is today. The son made the "San Francisco 
Examiner" one of the best known newspapers in 
the United States, and revolutionized journalism 
on the Pacific Coast. The "Examiner" stands a 
monument to the Senator's judgment of his son 
and the son's ability in his chosen field. 

Through his forced association with all classes 
of miners, and adventurers from all parts of the 
globe, and close contact with the generally rough 
life of the placer camps of the early California 
days, Mr. Hearst obtained a close, intimate knowl- 
edge of men that developed in him a peculiar, 
half-humorous charity for the weaknesses of hu- 
man nature. Being himself a man who possessed 
none of the ordinary character weaknesses of 
mankind, he could not understand their toleration 
and cultivation by others in themselves and while 
he was too kindly disposed toward all men to 
sharply reprimand them for their breaches in this 
respect, he tried to impress them by his own ex- 
ample, and there were many, faltering in their de- 
termination, who took on new life and energy and 
forged on to success after a brief association with 
Mr. Hearst. 

Naturally slow of speech and action his judg- 
ment was invariably good, but he could be quick 
to think and arrive at a logical decision when 
the occasion demanded. An illustration of this 
ability was given in his negotiations for his Mexi- 
can ranch just across the border; years before it 
had been allowed to go to ruin because it was on 
the tract that the Indian, Geronimo, used in his 
periodic raids and massacres. Mr. Hearst by some 
chance learned almost immediately of the capture 
of the Apache chief and instantly realized that the 
sole cause of the ranch's depreciation was practi- 
cally a something of the past. It was possible that 
others realized the same thing and Mr. Hearst saw 
this possibility. It was an occasion that required 
quick thought and action and he was equal to all 
its demands. Ordering his agents to move rapidly 
he outdistanced all others and quickly had the deal 
closed, the domain costing him about twenty cents 
an acre, or a sum total of about $200,000, putting 
him in possession of land which has later been 
estimated to be worth several millions of dollars. 

Senator Hearst was a peculiar man who rea- 
soned logically in his own way. He had a high 
form of firm character combined with a mildness 
and gentleness of speech and manner that made 
him lovable to all who knew him. He was re- 

spected for his honesty and loyalty to his friends, 
and was instantly attractive to all who came in 
contact with him. 

Throughout his married life Senator Hearst 
had the greatest respect for his wife's judgment 
regarding his affairs and frequently consulted her 
on matters of great moment. This was particu- 
larly true in matters that had any bearing on the 
public welfare. During her whole life Mrs. Hearst 
has found her greatest pleasure in doing for oth- 
ers. Her public philanthropies have been of a 
character that would benefit the masses instead of 
a limited few. She has established and maintained 
kindergarten classes and working girls' clubs in 
San Francisco and others in Washington, D. C, 
for many years, during which time ninety per cent 
of the kindergarten teachers in the public schools 
in those cities were graduates of kindergarten 
training classes maintained by her. She maintains 
kindergarten classes in Lead, South Dakota, car- 
ing for about three hundred children annually. 
She gave two hundred and fifty thousand dollars 
to build the National Cathedral School for girls 
in Washington, D. C. ; built, equipped and main- 
tained for several years a free library at Anaconda, 
Montana, finally presenting it to the municipality 
after the sale of her interest in the Anaconda 
mine. She also equipped and has maintained for 
several years a free library at Lead, South Da- 
kota; she defrayed the expense of the competition 
among the best architects of the world for plans 
for a greater University of California, and erected 
and equipped the mining building at the Univer- 
sity as a memorial to her late husband. This seat 
of learning has been a source of great interest to 
both Mrs. Hearst and her son, William Randolph 
Hearst, the latter having given to the institution 
its famous Greek Theater. 

At the time of his death Senator Hearst's 
estate was estimated to be worth between $15,- 
000,000 and $20,000,000, invested principally in the 
most substantial mines, ranches, stocks and bonds. 
The estate has been kept practically intact and is 
most ably managed along lines of the strictest con- 
servatism by Mrs. Hearst and Mr. Edward H. Clark. 

Senator Hearst died at his Washington, D. C, 
home on March 1, 1891. He was buried in Laurel 
Hill Cemetery, San Francisco, but the body was 
later removed to Cypress Lawn Cemetery, where 
had been erected a magnificent mausoleum. 

The funeral services over Senator Hearst's re- 
mains were most remarkable in being attended 
by a great number of old Californians and old 
miners who traveled great distances from all over 
the country to attend. His remains were accom- 
panied from Washington by the following escort 
of Senators and Representatives: Senators Pugh, 
Stockridge, Vance, Faulkner, Bate, Berry, Barber 
and Sawyer; Representatives Clunie, McComas, 
Milliken, Geary, Sherman, Tucker, Gibson and 
Catchings, and Sergeant-at-Arms Valentine. 



FIELD, JOHN SPAFFORH. Coal and lee In- 
terests. Chicago, Illinois, was born at Be- 
loit, Wisconsin, August 14. 1N47, the son 
of Spafford C. and Martha Ann (Durgin) 
Field. He secured his early education in the public 
and high schools of his native town. He was four- 
teen years of age when, in 1860, he left school and, 
going to Chicago, found employment with the dry 
goods firm of Cooley, Farwell & Company, then the 
largest dry goods firm in the West, in whose em- 
ploy at that time were Mar- 
shall and Henry Field, Har- 
low N. Higginbotham, Levi 
Z. Leiter and Arthur Dixon, 
a group of men who after- 
wards achieved nation-wide 
fame in the world of business. 
After working for three 
months he returned to Be- 

He remained at Beloit for 
a short time when he again 
went to Chicago, entering the 
employ of the wholesale gro- 
cery firm of Barrett & Cos- 
sett. A year later he entered 
the manufacturing business, 
that of utilizing the waste 
products of the Sherman 
Marble Works. He continued 
this venture for a year with 
varying success, when he re- 
moved to Colorado, making 
the trip overland by team 
from Grinnell, Iowa, then the 
western terminus of the Rock 
Island Railroad, to Greeley, 
Colorado, at Which place his 
father and elder brother were 

engaged in the cattle business. After eighteen 
months at Greeley he was forced, with his father 
and brother, to flee owing to Indian outbreaks. 
They returned to Beloit via St. Joseph, Missouri, to 
which place they drove in a wagon. 

Mr. Field remained at Beloit two years, aiding 
his father in the care of three farms, when he 
again went to Chicago. He entered the Bryant and 
Stratton College, and after the completion of a 
business course there secured a position, in 1867, 
wiili ilw firm of W. II. Swett & Co., ice marketers. 
In 1ST!! this company sold out to E. A. Shedd & 
Company, in which concern Mr. Field became a 
partner. From this time on he became an in- 
creasingly important factor in the ice supply field 
in the city of Chicago. His activities in this busi- 
ness were such that when, in 1885, the Knicker- 
bocker Ice Company was organized, he was made 

vice president and general manager. When iliis 

company was re-organized with an Increased cap- 


italization and absorbed thirty-five smaller com- 
panies by purchase. Mr. Field became its president 
and guiding hand. From that time on he was the 
leading factor in the business of supplying and har- 
vesting ice in the Middle West. Under his guidam e 
the company's business grew to vast proportions, 
its activities spreading all over the city and into the 
suburbs. This company was merged in 1913 with 
the City Fuel Company, under the name of the Con- 
sumers' Company. Mr. Field was made chairman 
of its board of directors. 

Mr. Field belongs to that 
group of progressive business 
men of the Middle West who. 
during the past generation, 
have been instrumental in 
creating a wonderful indus- 
trial and commercial empire, 
where, for some years after 
i In- Civil War, only farming 
and widely rural scattered 
communities prevailed. Like 
many men of his type he has 
always refrained from seek- 
ing public office or forcing 
himself into the limelight 
of publicity. As a construc- 
tive captain of industry, 
his work has been indelibly 
written into the history of 

In addition to his in- 
terests in this line, Mr. 
Field is also a director 
in several Western subsi- 
diaries of the New York 
Central and Hudson River 
Railroad; of the Glenwood 
Manual 'Plaining School, and 
a trustee of Central Church, Chicago. He was a 
director of the first board of the Chicago Com- 
mons, one of the most important social settle- 
ments of the Middle West. 

He has always been deeply interested in civic 
affairs and has always been a consistent cham- 
pion of Chicago and the advantages it offers for 
business and social life. He has always been 
prompt in supporting all measures for public im- 
provements and has been identified with numerous 
movements for the moral and intellectual advance- 
ment el the city. His charities are extensive and 
embrace many avenues of relief for the city's 

t ily 

Mr Field is a member of the Chicago Associa- 
tion of Commerce, the Union League, Chicago Ath- 
letic, Midday, South Shore Country, Beverly Coun- 
try of Chicago and Oconomowoc Country Club and 

M"' Oconomowoc STacht Club of Oconomowoc, Wis- 





Fruit Grower and Shipper, Santa Paula, 
California, was born at Madison, Maine, 
July 24, 1831, the son of Merrill and Eunice 
(Weston) Blanchard. Mr. Blanchard is a de- 
scendant of a French Huguenot family that was 
driven from France by religious persecution and 
found a refuge in England, settling in the en- 
virons of London. His first American ancestors, 
on both paternal and maternal sides, came to the 
new world in Colonial times, their descendants in 
the Revolutionary period espousing the cause of 
the Colonies against the mother country. The 
first American member of the Blanchard family, 
and progenitor of most of the New England 
families of that name, emigrated to these shores 
in 1639. Mr. Blanchard's great grandfather was 
Thomas Blanchard, who was Collector of Taxes 
in the town of Abington, Province of Massachu- 
setts Bay, in 1753, that being the twenty-seventh 
year of the reign of King George II of Great 
Britain. A notification for the collection of rates 
in the town of Abington was issued to Thomas 
Blanchard, by Harrison Gray, Esq., Treasurer and 
Receiver General for His Majesty. Mr. Blanch- 
ard's great-grandfather was Dean Blanchard, 
recorded as a distinguished student and thinker of 
his day. 

On the maternal side, the origin of the fam- 
ily in America was through John Weston, who 
was born in Buckinghamshire, England, in 1631. 
He came to America at the early age of thirteen 
and landed in Salem, Mass., in 1644. His de- 
scendant, John Weston, the progenitor of most all 
the Westons on the Kennebec River in Maine, 
left Massachusetts and settled first in the town 
of Canaan, and in assisting Arnold up the river on 
his way to Quebec in 1775 contracted a severe cold 
that cost him his life. His son, Mr. Blanchard's 
grandfather, was Benjamin Weston, who owned 
a large farm, and conducted a ferry for many 
years across the Kennebec River at Madison, 
Maine. Benjamin Weston had eleven children, ten 
of whom married and averaged ten children each, 
so that he had one hundred grandchildren. The 
Blanchards have been active in New England for 
many generations and have taken an important 
part in the improvement and perfection of intricate 
machinery ami mechanical processes used in the 
textile and other industries. 

.Mr. Blanchard married Miss Ann Elizabeth 

Hobbs of North Berwick, Me., December 21, 1864. 
To this union there has been born Dean Hobbs, 
Sarah Eliot, Eunice Weston, Thomas Goodwin 
and Nathan Weston Blanchard, Jr. 

Hard work, hard study and hard play, on the 
rare occasions when opportunity for the latter oc- 
curred, are the three leading traits that marked 
Mr. Blanchard's character in the days of his early 
youth, and the ones that through his latter life 
were the stepping stones to a notable success in 
a part of the country where success came only 
through heroic endeavor. Inured from his boyhood 
days to withstand the rigors of the hard winters 
of eastern Maine, Mr. Blanchard early developed 
into an unusually strong youth. New England 
ruggedness, fixity of purpose and Christian faith 
were strongly implanted in him. These with the 
self-reliance that developed with superb health and 
perfect physical condition made him a stranger to 
fatigue and well able to cope with the hardships 
of a boy's life in the early days in the East and 
later hardships in the mining and frontier camps 
of California. 

Mr. Blanchard secured his early education in 
the meager village schools of his native town. 
Here he received the mere rudiments of an educa- 
tion, the curriculum of the school being confined 
to the usual "three R's" of that period. Eager to 
secure a collegiate education, he labored at home. 
trying to make up through his own efforts and at 
his own direction what the schools failed to give. 
When he was seventeen years of age there came 
an opportunity for education, that Mr. Blanchard 
has often declared to have been the greatest joy 
of his younger years. This was the building of an 
academy in the town. He immediately determined 
to take advantage of it by dedicating the next 
three years to fitting himself for a college course. 
This institution, Houlton Academy, now known as 
Ricker Institute, was the opening wedge to his fu- 
ture studies, which indirectly brought him to Cali- 
fornia, and became the door through which lie en- 
tered his successful life work. For two winters he 
taught school, working one summer on the farm 
to aid his family. His tirst teaching experience 
was a novel one and illustrates the zeal that char- 
acterized his adoption of any chosen field. He was 
engaged when eighteen years of age to teach a 
three months' school, at s I s "M a month and hoard, 
at Topstiehl, Me He was hoarded in a small nur 
and a half story farm house. When his hostess 



found he would not stay in bed twelve hours, the 
nights being very long in eastern Maine, but 
would remain awake studying, she would leave but 
little wood to burn and a short piece of candle. 
Young Blanchard sent away and purchased can- 
dles and endured the cold as well as he could. If 
the wind happened to blow during a storm the 
floor of his room, which was in the attic, and the 
bed, would be covered with snow. But he stuck 
to his work and when the term ended the school 
heads were so pleased with the young schoolmas- 
ter's efforts that he was paid $20.00 a month in- 
stead of the $1S.00 agreed upon. From the acad- 
emy, Mr. Blanchard entered Colby College, 1851, 
where for two years he was a member of the 
class of 1855. It was the effort to earn money to 
continue his studies that finally led him to Cali- 
fornia. He was forced, for a short time only he 
thought, to abandon his studies, and he went West 
with the intention of later taking them up where 
he had left off, but fortune afterwards altered 
his plans and he never returned to Colby. Un- 
doubtedly it must have been a source of great 
pleasure and satisfaction to Mr. Blanchard when, 
in later years, the degrees of A. B. and A. M. were 
conferred on him by his alma mater, in recognition 
of his notable career. 

In the summer of 1854, Mr. Blanchard came 
around by way of the Isthmus and settled in Cali- 
fornia, making his first venture there as a mining 
prospector near Columbia, Tuolumne County, 
where he prospected for one summer with vary- 
ing success. In the spring of 1855 he entered the 
employment of Kneeland & Wilcoxsen's markets 
and had, at different times during his ten years' 
association with them, charge of every market 
they had in Placer County, going in 1858 to Dutch 
Flat to take charge of their market there, in 
which he afterward became a partner. During the 
seven years that followed Mr. Blanchard was in 
the lumber business in Placer County in association 
with the Towle brothers. 

Along about 1859 or '60 Mr. Blanchard was 
drawn more or less into politics, and in 1S60 and 
1861 he was made District Tax Collector of Placer 
County. In 1862 and '63 he was a member of the 
California Assembly, this post and that of Tax 
Collector having both been tendered him. 

While in the Legislature of California, Mr. 
Blanchard served with distinction as a member of 
the Committee on Education, and was, during that 

period, responsible for the law that put an end to 
the traveling dancing girls who visited the min- 
ing camps, thereby stopping one of the greatest 
causes of immorality and disorder of early Cali- 
fornia days. 

In 1872, Mr. Blanchard removed to the pres- 
ent site of the town of Santa Paula, Ventura 
County, California. In that year, in partnership 
with E. L. Bradley, residing in San Jose, he 
laid out the town of Santa Paula, built its first 
flour mill and furnished most of the flour con- 
sumed in the county for ten years or more. When 
Mr. Blanchard located there the site of Santa 
Paula was a desolate locality. On the tract there 
were only five or six settlers, owning between 
them about eighty acres, on which had been built 
some few small houses. With the same zeal that 
characterized his earlier efforts Mr. Blanchard set 
about creating a town. The obstacles were many. 
For some three years slow progress was made, 
but the fifty barrel flour mill which Mr. Blanchard 
and his partner had constructed immediately after 
locating there in the fall of 1872, now proved to 
be the principal magnet that drew the settlers 
from the surrounding country, and the end of the 
first five years saw the town on the road to pros- 
perity with a growing population. But before this, 
in fact in 1874, but a couple of years after locating 
in the county, Mr. Blanchard had one hundred acres 
of land planted to orange trees. 

A few years later from twenty to twenty-five 
acres of oranges were budded into lemons, this 
becoming the nucleus of the great citrus indus- 
try that he now manages and controls. In 1S77 
and '78 came a drought that for a time checked 
the growth of the town and discouraged all but 
the most optimistic believers in its future. Wheat 
and barley were at this time the mainstay of the 
farmers bordering on the town. By 1880 the price 
of these staples had become so low that it was 
no longer found profitable to raise them. Most of 
the farmers turned to the raising of pigs as a means 
of tiding them over these hard times. By 1876 Mr. 
Blanchard had one thousand budded trees in his 
citrus orchards, but even up to this time he had 
not yet secured what could be considered a paying 

Mr. Blanchard's firm belief in the future 
of the citrus industry in California remained un- 
shaken though tried in numerous ways. It was 
not until 1S8S that he secured his first profitable 



crop. Since that year he has been one of the 
largest growers and shippers of citrus fruit in the 
State of California, and has so encouraged the in- 
dustry in the locality that it is today one of the 
best known citrus countries in America. Since 
the coming of the first citrus crop and the pass- 
ing of the hard times of the 'SO's the town has 
had a steady growth. In assisting the town's de- 
velopment Mr. Blanchard's early and late ef- 
forts have been untiring and of the most sub- 
stantial and enduring character. 

Besides creating, investing in and in other ways 
encouraging many financial and business enter- 
prises, he has proved in the most practical man- 
ner what can be produced from the soil and cli- 
mate of Ventura County by intelligent effort on 
the part of the producer, and the returns that the 
production can be made to yield through the ap- 
plication of sound, systematic business principles 
in marketing. Being a pioneer in the industry, 
Mr. Blanchard did not have the multitude of ob- 
ject lessons and volumes of "past experience of 
others" to guide him, but had to experiment and 
gather, at a heavy cost of time, money and patience, 
his own experience, to which the entire industry 
of the Pacific Coast owes rnu'-h of its success 

Aside from his family and immediate business, 
Mr. Blanchard's greatest interest rests in educa- 
tional matters. A man with instincts engendered 
through the heredity of high ideals, he finds in the 
study of educational institutions and subjects a 
serious form of relaxation and worthy accomplish- 
ment. His own keen desire for an education and 
the hardships he underwent to accomplish, to a 
high degree, his desire, has ever kept the subject 
foremost in his mind, and as far back as the early 
60's he was serving the State as a member of 
the State Legislative Committee on Education. 
Having later in life acquired a satisfactory for- 
tune, Mr. Blanchard has derived great satisfaction 
in expending liberally of it for the benefit of 
those who, as he did himself as a boy, crav. thai 
higher learning which civilizes and cultivates as 
almost nothing else does. 

Mr. Blanchard has been one of the main fac- 
tors in the upbuilding of that noteworthy seat of 
ug, Pomona College He has given his time 
ami of his fluids to the maintenance and further- 
ance of i!i' necessities and ideals of the institu- 
tion. 01 Mr. Blanchard's able efforts in behalf 

of the college, Mr. C. B. Sumner, the distinguished 
father of the institution, writes in the following 

"Mr. Nathan W. Blanchard was the first 
Vice President of the Board of Trustees of Po- 
mona College, and for six years on the Executive 
Committee. In fact for twenty-six years, the whole 
life of the college, so far, while it has grown to be 
recognized countrywide as a first-class institution, 
he has been one of the foremost in determining its 
policy, in bearing its current burdens, financial 
and otherwise, in building up its credit, and in se- 
curing its endowment. Blanchard Park, named 
for him because of his generous donation for it, 
by his steadily fostering care, is rapidly becom- 
ing a very attractive feature of the college. In 
the new era upon which we are just entering, 
namely the greater Pomona, he was one of the 
very first and chiefest to respond to the call to 
make the college worthy of the name. Of all Mr. 
Blanchard's rich service to the college perhaps 
the greatest has come from his personality — more 
specifically, his good judgment, his persistency, 
his devotion to high ideals, his Christian charac- 
ter and his supreme confidence in the divine 
Headship of the Christian College." 

In innumerable ways Mr. Blanchard and his 
wife have helped every worthy cause in Santa 
Paula. In all civic and social matters pertaining 
to the community welfare they have always been 
in the forefront. They were the donors of the 
Santa Paula public library, one of the handsomest 
buildings in the town. The structure is built in 
Greek Ionic style, a story and a half high. The 
basement of the building was the only part of it 
paid for by the city. 

.Mr. Blanchard is President of the Nathan W. 
Blanchard Investment Company, Limoneira Com- 
pany, and its subsidiary companies; Vice President. 
First National Bank, Santa Paula, and Ventura 
County Mutual Fire Insurance Company; Director. 
First National Bank. Corcoran. California, and Cor- 
coran Department Store; President. Santa Paula 
Land Company. .1. \V. Culberson Company; Direc- 
tor, Southwest Land Company. LOS Angeles, and 

the Wright <v- Callender Building Company, Los 

He is a member of the California Club and 

University club, both of Los Vngele and ol a 
number ol benevolent and philanthropic societie 

of t lie Pacific < 'oast. 


1'RIiSS RRFliR l:\Ll: LI BR, IKY 

Manufacturer, President Washington Iron 
Works, President Seattle Park Board, State 
Senator, Seattle, Wash., was born in Sus- 
quehanna County, Pennsylvania, January 21, 1845, 
the son of Prentiss and Deidamia (Millard) Frink. 
Mr. Frink's paternal ancestors were French Hugue- 
nots who emigrated to America in 1634, settling 
in the Carolinas, afterwards taking up their abode 
in Connecticut and New York. Mr. Frink was twice 
married, his first wife being 
Miss Hannah Phillips, whom 
he married April 17, 1864, at 
Lawrence, Kan. To this 
union there were born two 
children, Egbert and Gerald 
Frink. On May 14, 1S77, at 
Sabetha, Kan., he married 
Miss Abbie Hawkins. Three 
children were born to this 
union, Francis Guy, Helena 
and Athena Frink. 

From his earliest years 
Mr. Frink had been inured 
to arduous toil and his prog- 
ress upward was a succession 
of victories over difficult 
tasks that called upon the 
best he had in mental and 
physical equipment. His edu- 
cation was acquired in the 
public schools of Pennsyl- 
vania and New York up to 
the time he was twelve years 
of age. When he was thir- 
teen his family removed to 
Kansas and settled in Brown 
County, where, for twelve 
years, he worked on a farm. 

He then attended school for a time (1S67-68) at 
Washburn College, Topeka, Kansas, shortly after 
removing to Allen County, Kansas, where he 
farmed for five years more. Early in 1875 Mr. 
Frink started West, stopping in California for four 
months, after which he continued on to Seattle, 
reaching there in August of 1875. 

Mr. Frink's first work on the coast was at day 
labor, but later he secured employment as a school 

In 1881 Mr. Frink organized the firm of Tenney 
& Frink and engaged in the iron business. In 1882 
the firm was incorporated as the Washington Iron 
Works, with Mr. Frink as its President. As the 
executive head of the company, Mr. Frink built 
it up until it became one of the most important 
industries in its line on the Pacific Slope. 

In 1886 Mr. Frink established the first electric 
light plant on the Pacific Coast, organizing in that 
year the Seattle Electric Light Company. He car- 
ried this enterprise over the difficult formative 
period until 1889, when control was taken over 


by the Henry Villard interests. He remained with 
the company several years after the change of 
ownership in the capacity of Vice President. In 
1901 he built and successfully floated the Seattle 
Central Railway, of which company he acted as 
President and Manager until 1902, when he sold his 
interest to the Stone & Webster combination. Dur- 
ing these years he was one of the trustees of the 
old Washington Trust Company. 

Mr. Frink's public career was even more not- 
able than his commercial 
one, beginning with the war 
of the rebellion, when he 
served as a member of the 
Twenty-second Kansas. After 
his removal to Seattle he had 
a notable career as a mu- 
nicipal and State official. He 
was a member of the Seattle 
City Council for two years. 
For five years he served as 
a member of the school 
board. As a member of the 
State Senate from the 
Twenty-fourth Senatorial Dis- 
trict for eight years, he had 
a leading part in the prepara- 
tion and enactment of manv 
of the advanced laws now on 
the statute books of Wash- 
ington. In 1900 he was a can- 
didate for Governor of the 
State on the Republican 
ticket, being defeated by Gov- 
ernor Rogers, the Populist 

Mr. Frink was President 
of the Seattle Park Board. In 
that office he served the city 
for eight years and was the acknowledged father of 
the splendid system of parks in that city. He took 
great interest in the work of the board, and 
through his intelligent and zealous administration 
of its affairs succeeded in building up the park 
system from almost nothing to the high standard 
it achieved. He made a study of public parks and 
recreation centers and left as a lasting monument 
to his intelligent efforts one of the finest systems 
ever placed at the disposal of the people. 

The upbuilding of Seattle has been one of Mr. 
Frink's love labors and he was always ready to 
put his shoulder to the wheel in any campaign for 
public betterment. He was a member of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce, the Rainier, Arctic, Golf and 
Country, Town and Country and Republican Clubs 
of Seattle. 

Mr. Frink died in August, 1914. His death was 
mourned by many, for not only was he a man be- 
loved by many personal friends, but his public ca- 
reer had gained for him the admiration of the 
community at large. 



GARVEY, RICHARD, Rancher, Mine Expert, 
Los Angeles, California, was born in Ire- 
land, September 18, 1838, the son of Peter 
and Mary (Flannigan) Garvey. He mar- 
ried Miss Tessie B. Mooney, January 13, 18S4. To 
this union there has been born two sons, Richard, 
Jr., and Peter (deceased). Mrs. Garvey died De- 
cember IS, 1885. 

In 1S50, when twelve years old, Mr. Garvey 
came alone to America, landing at Savannah, Ga., 
penniless, and in rags. He 
was taken into the home of 
a customs officer, a Jew, 
named Isaac Russel, who, 
although having a large 
family, cared for young Gar- 
vey as one of his own, giv- 
ing him clothing in plenty 
and finding employment for 
him. Mr. Garvey's first work 
was on the "Savannah 
News," he having the honor 
of having been the first 
printer's "devil" on that pa- 
per, as the News was 
started in that year. His 
next work was in a foundry 
and continued for some time 
during which he attended 
night school. The salary 
was $3 per week, out of 
which he saved enough in 
three years to send to Ire- 
land for his mother, two 
brothers and three sisters. 
This was at the time of the 
famine in Ireland. Mr. Gar- 
vey's people had left Ireland 
but were able to get only as 

far as England, when he continued on alone to 
America. Mr. Garvey's family arrived in 1853 or 
'54, he joining them at New York, from whence 
they all went to Cleveland, where they settled 
and he busied himself at any obtainable employ- 
ment until 1S5S, when he started for the West. He 
proceeded first to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and 
then joined a party making the trip overland 
across the plains. 

Mr. Garvey arrived at Los Angeles in Decem- 
ber, 1858, penniless and worn out, he. with the 
party he accompanied, having made almost the 
entire journey on foot. Soon after his arrival in 
Los Angeles, Mr. Garvey met a Mr. Mix, with 
whom he had become acquainted on the trip 
across the desert, and who was the clerk of Cap- 
tain Winfield S. Hancock, then United States 
Quartermaster at Los Angeles. Through Mr. Mix, 
Mr. Garvey secured work in the government store 
house, which was then located on the site of the 
present cathedral at Los Angeles. He was soon 
promoted by Captain Hancock to the position of 


mail rider, with duties requiring him to carry the 
mails by pack mules from Los Angeles to Forts 
Mojave, Yuma and Tejon. This service entailed 
untold hardships and the facing of many perils in 
a land destitute of civilization or settlement for 
distances of hundreds of miles. In 1S59 camels 
were imported into Los Angeles for desert use in 
carrying the mail. They were in charge of a man 
named "Greek George," upon whom rested the 
duty of educating mail riders to their use. The 
camels never had a chance 
to gain popularity, for in 
riding one of them down the 
street one day, "Greek 
George" came very near 
losing his head when the 
camel ran under a street 
sign. The camels were 
never tried afterwards and 
were later sent to Fort 

When Captain Hancock 
was ordered to active duty 
in the Rebellion he offered 
to take Mr. Garvey with 
him and obtain for him, if 
possible, a commission, but 
Mr. Garvey preferring not 
to take sides against the 
South, which had treated 
him so well as a boy, re- 
mained for a while in the 
mail service. In his mail- 
carrying journeys, Mr. Gar- 
vey fell in with scores of 
men roaming the wild coun- 
try in search of mining 
prospects. Their stories 
soon lured him into mining. 
He prospected first in Nevada, later in San Bernar- 
dino County, California, and still later in Arizona 
and New Mexico. In 1S63, he became acquainted 
with Mr. George Hearst, and through him became 
interested in the development of mining properties, 
especially the Moss mines, of which Mr Garvey 
was one of the locators. In 1S66 he mined in 
Arizona but was forced to flee on account of a se- 
rious Indian outbreak. Later he became owner of 
mines in Holcomb Valley, Cal., operating a mill un- 
til is?::, when he sold out to an English company. 
He continued operating until 1S76, and still owns 
the Green Lead, a valuable property. 

In 1S76, Mr. Garvey was appointed receiver of 
the Temple & Workman Bank, at Los Angeles, re- 
maining in that capacity for about two years. 
During that time he purchased an Interest in the 
Potrero de Felipe Lugo and the Potrero Grande 
Uanchos. nine miles from l.os Angeles, in the San 
Gabriel Valley, and 2500 acres of school lands ad- 
joining, all told making about live thousand acres. 
Mr. Garvey is a member of the California club. 



FALL, ALBERT BACON, United States Sena- 
tor from New Mexico, Three Rivers, New 
Mexico, was born at Frankfort, Kentucky, 
November 26, 1861. He is the son of Will- 
iam R. Fall and Edmonia (Taylor) Fall. He mar- 
ried Emma Morgan at Woodbury, Tennessee, May 
8, 1883, and to them there have been born four 
children, John Morgan, Alexina (Mrs. C. C. Chase), 
Carolyn (Mrs. M. T. Everhart) and Jouett Fall. 
The Senator's Family originated in Spain, but was 
transplanted centuries ago 
to Scotland, his grandfather, 
the first to settle in America, 
going to Kentucky, in 1808. 
The Senator also traces his 
family back to Sir Nicholas 
Bacon, the father of Sir 
Francis Bacon. 

Senator Fall received the 
rudiments of his education 
in the country schools of 
Kentucky and Tennessee, 
but the main part of his 
teaching was at the hands of 
his grandfather, who was a 
Scotch-Englishman of culture 
and the son of an ex-army 
officer. His father having 
joined the Confederate forces 
shortly after the Senator's 
birth, the latter spent much 
of his boyhood with his 
grandparents and was tutored 
by them. 

When he was twelve years 
of age Senator Fall went to 
work for his living, his fam- 
ily having suffered terrific 
losses during the war. He 
first worked in a cotton factory at Nashville, Tenn., 
but later became a drug clerk and worked at various 
other occupations until he was sixteen years of 
age. Returning to Kentucky about this time, he 
became a country school teacher and took up the 
study of law, reading at night. He mastered the 
law, but did not apply for admission to practice 
until many years afterwards. 

In 1881, Senator Fall left his native State and 
headed for the West, which has been his home 
almost continually since. He first went to the In- 
dian Territory, where he became a cowboy, and 
punched cattle for some time, finally going to 
Texas, where he rode the range for a few years 

About 1883, Senator Fall located at Clarkes- 
ville, Texas, and went into the land business there, 
also purchased several silver mining claims in the 
vicinity of Zacetecas, Mexico. Making Clarkesville 
his headquarters, he made numerous trips to Mexico 
and also operated in lands in other parts of the 
South, one of his chief properties being a planta- 
tion on the Red River in Arkansas. 

Since that time Senator Fall has been inter- 
ested in cattle, real estate and mining operations, 
in addition to having various other interests. Leav- 
ing Clarkesville in 1886, the Senator took his 
family to Las Cruces, New Mexico, and established 


a residence there, but he was engaged in mining 
at Kingston, Sierra County, New Mexico. He later 
located in Las Cruces and engaged in the real 
estate business, also became a farmer on an ex- 
tensive scale. About a year later he became as- 
sociated with a lawyer named Nelson M. Lowry, 
but did not practice until 1889, when he was ad- 
mitted to the Bar of New Mexico, after which he 
became an active member of the legal profession. 
On his locating in Las Cruces, Senator Fall began 
to take an interest in poli- 
tics and probably was the 
first "insurgent" so-called in 
the United States. In 1890 
he was elected to the Lower 
House of the Territorial 
Legislature as an independent 
Democrat and became one 
of the leaders of that body 
almost immediately. He was 
*^S», ^t chosen chairman of the Judi- 

ciary Committee, also acted 
as floor leader and Chair- 
man of the Democratic cau- 
cus. During this term he 
helped draw the first free 
school law enacted in New 
Mexico, this being the basis 
of the present public school 
system in the State and the 
first time the Territory ever 
had an organized public edu- 
cational plan. 

In 1892 the Senator 
was elected to the Terri- 
torial Council or Senate of 
New Mexico, and dur- 
ing the session of that 
Legislature also acted as 
floor leader and manager of much important legis- 
lation. Before the expiration of his term, he was 
appointed, in 1893, by President Grover Cleveland 
to be Associate Justice of the New Mexico Su- 
preme Court. After serving six months he resigned 
in order to devote himself to his private business, 
but his resignation was not accepted and he served 
in all two years, at the end of which time he re- 
turned to the management of his law practice and 
other private business affairs. 

After enjoying less than a year of private life 
he was re-elected in 1896 to the Territorial Council 
from Donna Ana and other Southern Counties, and 
in this Legislature, as in previous ones, he was one 
of the leaders, serving upon the Judiciary and 
Finance Committees. About this time Senator 
Fall began to break away from the regular Demo- 
cratic organization. He had been an independent 
for many years and during this session maintained 
a neutral attitude, not affiliating with either of the 
old-line parties. In 1897, while he still served 
as Councilor, he was appointed Attorney General 
of New Mexico by Acting Governor Miller and 
served for nearly a year, or until the new Terri- 
torial administration took office. 

His term expiring in 1898, about the time of 
the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Sen- 
ator Fall returned to Las Cruces and organized a 



company for service in Cuba. This organization, 
known as Company H, First Territorial Regiment, 
United States Volunteers, with Senator Fall as its 
Captain, was first intended for service in the 
Philippine Islands, but later the plans were 
changed and they were started towards Cuba. 
After going into camp in Georgia, Senator Fall, 
who had been on courtmartial duty the greater 
part of the time, was detached from his command 
and assigned to General Sanger's staff as "Sani- 
tary Inspector of Matanzas," but this plan was 
changed and Senator Fall was stationed in Wash- 
ington, D. C, on special duty, remaining there 
until he returned to Georgia to be mustered out 
with his company in March, 1899. 

For many years prior to 1898, Senator Fall had 
been associated in the law business with W. A. 
Hawkins, now General Attorney for the Phelps- 
Dodge Railroad and their mining interests and the 
head of a large law firm, in connection with vari- 
ous Pecos Valley enterprises, especially the Ele- 
phant Butte Reservoir Company, and when he re- 
turned to his law practice in Las Cruces, he also 
established a co-partnership with Mr. Hawkins. 
John Franklin and Leigh Clark of El Paso. In 
this connection, Senator Fall attended to all the 
firm's legal business in New Mexico and in asso- 
ciation with Mr. Hawkins took part in the work of 
perfecting plans for the El Paso & Northeastern 
Railroad to Santa Rosa and across to Dawson, 
New Mexico, which opened up large areas of coal 
lands, now owned by the Phelps-Dodge interests. 
This partnership continued until 1904, when Sen- 
ator Fall gave up active law work and decided to 
devote himself to other interests, he having at all 
times maintained extensive mining holdings in 
New Mexico and in Old Mexico. 

It was about this time that the Senator became 
engaged in one of the most important works of 
his career. In Mexico, he acquired a million and 
a half acres of land in the States of Chihuahua and 
Sonora and later turned this, with other proper- 
ties, over to Colonel William C. Greene, the famous 
mining operator. He thereupon became a partner 
of Colonel Greene in some of his great operations 
and also acted as general counsel for the various 
Greene enterprises, about twenty in all, including 
lumber, mining and railroad companies. 

Colonel Greene, at this stage of his picturesque 
career, was entering upon a gigantic plan of de- 
velopment in the various lines indicated and Sen- 
ator Fall was his adviser from that time practically 
until the death of the celebrated copper magnate. 
Besides acting as general counsel for the Greene 
companies, he also held office in several of them, 
including the Greene Gold & Silver Company, the 
Sierra Madre I, and <t- Lumber Company, the Rio 
Grande. Sierra Madre & Pacific Railroad Company 
of which he was Vice President, and the Sierra 
Madre & Pacific Railroad Company, in which he 
held the office of President. Hut the Senator, about 
the year 1906, sold the greater part of his interest 
in the Greene affairs, and went back to the han- 
dling of his own properties in New Mexico. It is 
ot record that Colonel Greene had millions of dol- 
lars staked on his numerous ventures, and when 
the financial panic of 1907 came he was one of the 
men who suffered most. The blow broke Colonel 
Greene's health and he was compelled to go 
to Japan to recuperate. Senator Pall was sum 
moned, as being the man most familiar with the 
workings Of the Greene business, to straighten out 
the tangled interests of his former partner, and he 

left a sickbed to go into Mexico and untangle the 

maze into which the Greene affairs were plunged. 
This done, he returned to his own personal inter 
ests. but has since acted in an advisor) capaclt] 

to Colonel Greene's widow in various legal matters. 

Although he was actively engaged in business 
affairs, Senator Fall did not retire from politics, 
for he was elected to the Territorial Council a 
third time in 1902, being nominated on both the 
Democratic and Republican tickets of his district, 
but affiliating with the Republicans as an inde- 
pendent. In this session lie represented practically 
the entire Southern half of New Mexico. 

In 1907 the Territory of New Mexico was 
threatened with a multitude of land litigations, and 
Senator Fall, at the urgent request of President 
Roosevelt and Governor Curry, accepted appoint- 
ment as Attorney General, but served for only 
about three months. 

Retiring from the Attorney Generalship, Sen- 
ator Fall again confined himself to his private 
interests until 1909, when he was nominated and 
elected as a Non-Partisan Delegate to the Con- 
stitutional Convention, at which the basic law of 
the State of New Mexico was framed. He served 
as Chairman of the Legislative Committee and on 
other committees and took a leading part in the 
drafting of the corporation commission law and 
other important sections of the Constitution on 
which New Mexico was admitted to Statehood. 

Generally recognized as one of the important 
factors in the legal and industrial upbuilding of 
New Mexico, Senator Fall was elected by the Leg- 
islature at its first meeting in March, 1912, to 
represent the new State in the United States Sen- 
ate. By one of those chances of custom, he drew 
the so-called short term in office, which meant that 
he should serve about one year, or until March 3, 
1913. At a later meeting of the State Legislature, 
however, in June, 1912, he was again elected to 
the Senate, this time for a term of six years, so 
that in reality he was honored by a seven-year 
term in office and is scheduled to represent New 
Mexico at Washington until March 3, 1919. 

Senator Fall immediately took a prominent 
place in the affairs of the Senate and was assigned 
to a number of committees not usually given to 
new members. Among these are the Committees 
on Pacific Islands and Porto Rico, District of Colum- 
bia and Patents and Irrigation. When the Senate 
directed the Committee on Foreign Affairs, toward 
the close of the session of 1912, to investigate and 
report whether certain American corporations had 
been involved in the Madero and Orozco revolu- 
tions in Mexico, and the revolution in the Island 
of Cuba, Senator Fall, though not a member of 
that Committee, was chosen by special resolution 
of the Senate to take part in that investigation. 
and he, with Senator William Alden Smith of Mich- 
igan, had full charge of the subsequent Inquiries. 

In reality a part of the history of New Mexico 
himself, Senator Fall has made a feature of his- 
torical works dealing with the Territory and Ibis 
forms a large part of his private library, which is 
one of the largest in the Southwest. His home at 
rhree Rivers, or Salinas, is one of refinement and 
culture, set in the midst of a splendid ranch of 
ttve thousand acres. There the Senator maintains 
a large establishment, and grows not only fruits, 
flowers and vegetables on a large scale, but also 
has a magnificent stock farm, whereon be breeds 

line horses, lie also has another ranch of 35, 

acres and is an extensive cattle raiser. 

He is a substantial man and enjoys widespread 
personal popularity. He has a magnificent family 
ami gets the most of his enjoyment out of bis 
home, but be also is a member of well known 

elnbs Among those are the Foreign Club of 

Chihuahua. Mexico, the Toiler Club of El Paso. 

and the Manhattan club of Ne* York He also 

holds mbership In the B. P. O. Elks. 



and Chairman Harbor Subway Commission, 
Chicago, Illinois, was born in Sweden, Oc- 
tober 21, 1858, the son of Anders and So- 
phia (Lind) Ericson. He married Miss Inez Ly- 
dia Malmgren at Chicago, in 1888. She died in 
1893. In 1S96 he married Miss Esther Elizabeth 
Malmgren. The issue of the first union is Mildred 
Inez, wno in 1913 became the wife of Ralph Haven 
Quinlan. There have been no children of the sec- 
ond marriage. 

Mr. Ericson received his 
early education in the com- 
mon schools until 1872, when 
he entered the liigh school 
and College at Upsala, Swe- 
den, which he attended until 
1S76, then entering the Royal 
Polytechnic Institute at 
Stockholm. He graduated 
this institution with the de- 
gree of Civil Engineer in 
1880. He came to the United 
States in 1881, his first post 
of importance in this country 
being as Resident Engineer 
of the Toledo, Cincinnati and 
St. Louis Railroad, with 
headquarters at C o w d e n, 
Shelby County, Illinois. He 
retained this position during 
1881 and until the summer of 
1882, when he accepted a 
place as bridge designer with 
Hopkins & Co., of St. Louis. 
In 1883 he was appointed as- 
sistant on Government sur- 
veys in connection with the 
proposed enlargement of the 
Illinois and Mississippi River 
canal and the construction 
of the Hennepin Canal. He 
had an important part in 
making the surveys on these 
projects and some part in 

outlining the entire plan. From 1884 until part of 
the year 1885 he was a draughtsman in the water 
department of the city of Chicago. He became 
Assistant City Engineer of Chicago in 18S5 and 
retained this post until 18S9 when he was selected 
as Assistant Chief Engineer by the city of Seattle, 
Washington, to aid in designing the new gravity 
water works system that was then about to be built 

In 1S90 the Sanitary District of Chicago, the 
body which has control and supervision of the 
great drainage canal system at Chicago, claimed 
his services. He remained in this service until 
1892, when he became Assistant Engineer in the 
Chicago Bureau of Engineering. In 1893 he was 
appointed First Assistant City Engineer of Chi- 
cago and in 1S97 was elevated to the post of City 
Engineer, which place he has uninterruptedly held 
ever since. As First Assistant City Engineer and 
as City Engineer he has been in charge of the de- 
sign and construction of all additions to the wa- 
ter supply system of the city, projects involving 
the outlay of millions of dollars and providing for 
the water supply of the second greatest city in the 
United States with its millions of inhabitants. 
The Chicago water system has, during the years 
of Mr. Ericson's incumbency, been increased as 
follows: Pumping stations, from two to fifteen; 

capacity from 350,000,000 to 900,000.000 gallons per 
twenty-four hours; number of miles of mains, from 
1400 to 2500. 

As City Engineer Mr. Ericson is also in charge 
of all bridge construction and operation and is 
called upon to give expert opinion on a multiplicity 
of engineering subjects connected with the many 
city betterment projects which are taken up every 
year by the city of Chicago to care for the in- 
creased business and living facilities necessitated 
by the rapidly spreading 
western metropolis. To aid 
in solving the city transpor- 
tation problem of providing 
proper facilities for the use 
of the Chicago River by 
boats and the passage of the 
streets by cars and other 
vehicles as well as thou- 
sands of pedestrians, Mr. 
Ericson has developed a 
special design of bascule 
bridges, the first of these 
having been constructed in 
1901. Eleven of these struc- 
tures are now in operation 


and five in course of con- 
struction. Plans for several 
of these are being prepared 
in addition to the double 
deck one with a clear 
span of 209 feet, w h i c h 
is being designed to 
cross the river at the north 
end of Michigan avenue so as 
to make complete the boule- 
vard scheme that will link the 
North and South Sides of Chi- 
cago with one continuous 
beautiful thoroughfare. 

Mr. Ericson has had ex- 
ceptional opportunities for 
experiments to determine 
the elements of flow of wa- 
ter in large tunnels and 
presented an exhaustive treatise on this subject to 
the Western Society of Engineers in 1911, for 
which he received the society's medal. He has 
published other treatises and reports on water 
works, paving, harbors, subways, etc., among 
which may be mentioned "The Water Supply Sys- 
tem of Chicago, Its Past, Present and Future," 
"Report on Transportation Subways for Chicago," 
"Report on Creosote Block Pavements," "Report 
on Public Water Works." 

Mr. Ericson is President of the Swedish Engi- 
neers' Society of Chicago, a member of the Amer- 
ican Society of Civil Engineers, American Society 
of Mechanical Engineers, Member of the Western 
Society of Engineers and of the American Water 
Works Association. 

Mr. Ericson is recognized as one of the lead- 
ing authorities in the United States on city better 
ment and as an engineer who has successfully 
solved many of the great obstacles that beset 
the larger municipalities in devising systems of 
caring for their giant populations. He has re- 
tained his post in Chicago under various admin- 
istrations of different political complexions. Poli- 
tics has never entered into his administration 
of the engineering department, and numerous 
structures and edifices stand today as monuments 
to the economy and efficiency of his supervision. 



BUCK, FRANK HENRY, Fruit Grower, Oil 
Operator and Capitalist, San Francisco and 
Vacaville, California, was born in Cortland 
County, New York, June S, 1859, the son of 
Leonard William Buck and Anna Maria (Bellows) 
Buck. He married Miss Anna Elizabeth Steven- 
son at Vacaville, California, on April 29, 1886, and 
to them there have been born two sons, Frank 
Henry, Jr., and Leonard William Buck. He comes 
from clean, wholesome stock, English on the pa- 
ternal side and Irish on the 
maternal, inheriting fro m 
both characteristics which 
have aided him in achieving 
his success. 

Mr. Buck's education, so 
far as actual schooling is 
concerned, was limited to 
the public school of Clinton, 
Iowa, and to the high school 
of the same place, from 
which latter he was gradu- 
ated when he was only four- 
teen years of age. Two 
years later, in 1875, he re- 
moved with his father to 
California and with him en- 
tered the fruit-growing busi- 
ness, specializing in decidu- 
ous fruits. That was the be- 
ginning of his career, his 
operations having expanded 
with the years to the point 
where he is interested in 
several different lines of ac- 
tivity and an important fac- 
tor in the development and 
success of a score of sub- 
stantial corporations. 

For the first few years 
after his arrival in California, Mr. Buck confined 
himself to fruit growing, making a special study 
of the business, with the result that he built up a 
reputation that has redounded alike to the credit 
of Vacaville, Solano County, the State of California, 
and himself. He operates his fruit business under 
the name of the Frank H. Buck Fruit & Shipping 
Company, and to all who are familiar with his 
work for the fruit industry, covering a period of 
more than thirty-five years, his name is synony- 
mous with the growth of this, one of California's 
largest and most important branches of commerce. 
He is President of the company named, and also 
<>t tin- California Fruit Distributers of Sacramento. 

Aside from his fruit business. Mr. Buck has 
other extensive interests and since 1898 has been 
one of the leading oil producers of California. He 
first became interested in oil in 1898 and the fol- 
lowing year yielded to the excitement grow in oul 
of Hi'- discovery of the celebrated Kern County 
fields of California, Investing heavily in oil lands 
and companies at the outset. With characteristic 


energy he soon took a leading part in the develop- 
ment of the then new industry and was one of the 
organizers of the Associated Oil Company, now 
ranked among the largest and most profitable con- 
cerns operating in the California fields. He also 
was a stockholder and Director in the Chicago 
Crude Oil Company, the Toltec and the Astec Oil 
Companies. These companies, with several others, 
were merged into the Associated Oil Company 
and he has continued a member of the Board of 
Directors of the larger con- 
cern, being on the Executive 

Mr. Buck is interested in 
various other oil corpora- 
tions, including the Amalga- 
mated Oil Company, an allied 
corporation of the Associated 
Oil Company; the West Coast 
Oil Company, the Sterling 
Oil & Development Company, 
the Associated Pipe Line, 
the Transportation Company 
and the Belridge Oil Com- 
pany, in all of which he 
holds office as a Director. 
The last named company has 
holdings in the Lost Hills 
District aggregating thirty- 
one thousand acres of 
land in process of develop- 

Mr. Buck is interested as 
a stockholder and Director in 
the Rodeo Land & Water Co., 
of Los Angeles, which owns 
3100 acres of land near Los 
Angeles. The townsite of 
Beverly stands on part of 
this land. 
Mr. Buck is President of the Booth-Kelley Lum- 
ber Company, of Eugene, Oregon, and has other 
heavy timber holdings in that section of the 
Northwest. Mr. Buck also is a large stock- 
holder and a Director of the Bakersfield 
iron Works. 

Despite the diversity of his interests, Mr. Buck 
has taken a keen interest in public affairs in his 
home town and the State at large for more than a 
quarter of a century. He was Vice President of the 
California State Board of Horticulture and for 
twelve years was President of the Board of 
Town Trustees of Vacaville (incorporated), in 
which position he took a prominent part in the 
government of the town. 

Mr. Buck is a prominent Mason, a Knight Tem- 
plar and Odd Fellow, and a member of various 

rlnli . including the Bohemian, el' San Francisco: 

the Pacific-Union of the same city, the San Fran- 

Ci CO Golf and Country Club, the Clareuiiuit Coun- 
try Club, "1 Oakland. California, and the Sutter 
Cluh. of Sacramento. California. 







San Francisco and New York, was born 
in San Francisco, April 29, 1863, the son 
of United States Senator George Hearst 
and Phoebe (Apperson) Hearst. His father had 
great intellectual powers and was a conspicuous 
figure in the early history of the West. His 
mother is a noted philanthropist and uplifter, 
having given vast sums to aid in the education 
of the poor. She has established numerous kinder- 
gartens and libraries in various parts of the 
West and at the present time occupies a place 
on the Board of Regents of the University of 
California, to which she gave a building costing 
approximately four million dollars. Mr. Hearst 
married Miss Millicent V. Willson in New York 
City, April 28, 1903. To them have been born 
three children, George, William Randolph, Jr., 
and John Randolph Hearst. 

Mr. Hearst received his elementary education 
in the public schools of his native city, and later 
attended Harvard University. 

Upon his return to San Francisco after comple- 
tion of his college career, Mr. Hearst was placed in 
control of the San Francisco "Examiner" by his 
father, who had himself up to that time (1SS6) con- 
ducted the paper as an organ for the people. This 
inherited policy Mr. Hearst has never changed; he 
has made it the guiding principle of all his subse- 
quent newspaper enterprises. 

After conducting the San Francisco "Examiner" 
for nine years with a large degree of success, add- 
ing to its prestige as a journal and its value as a 
property, Mr. Hearst's progressive spirit sought 
larger fields. Accordingly, he went to New York, 
in 1S95, and purchased the old New York "Jour- 
nal," later acquiring the New York "Advertiser," 
and consolidating the two, issuing morning and 
afternoon editions. 

The arrival of Mr. Hearst into New York not 
only changed the journalistic methods of the me- 
tropolis, but was the beginning of a new era in 
newspaper operation as a whole. Surrounding him- 
self with the best talent to be procured, Mr. Hearst 
projected his ideas and his personality into the 
field in such a manner that within a short time 
he was recognized as the embodiment of a new 
thought in journalism. 

His cardinal principles in the conduct of his 
papers have been the protection of the people, the 
correction of government evils, city, state and 
national, and the enactment of legislation in- 
tended for the betterment of the people as a whole. 

In following out this policy, Mr. Hearst has been 
a potential influence in the establishment of pro- 
gressive reforms, which have purified politics and 
raised the general moral plane of life in various 

After lighting strenuously for five years in New 
York, with the "Journal" as a militant power for 
right. Mr. Hearst invaded Chicago, by establishing 
the Chicago "American," an afternoon paper. Two 

years later the Chicago "Examiner," a morning 
issue, was founded, and that same year the morn- 
ing edition of the New York "Journal" became 
known as "The New York American." Twelve years 
ago (1903) he established the Los Angeles "Exami- 
ner," and a year later the "American" in Boston 
He also owns the "Morgen Journal" (New York), 
the largest and most influential German daily in 
the United stales, and several other weekly and 
monthly publications. 

All of Mr. Hearst's newspapers are maintained 

along the same general lines as those upon which 
he conducted his first publication. In their respec- 
tive fields they are relentless in their efforts for 
the eradication of corruption in politics, corpora- 
tion oppression and other evils of local or na- 
tional extent. 

One of Mr. Hearst's large and most important 
institutions is the International News Service, orig- 
inally organized for gathering and distributing 
news, covering the especially big events of the 
world for his own publications. It is today one of 
the largest news agencies in the world and supplies, 
in addition to his own, hundreds of other large 
newspapers. It has had a most important influ- 
ence on the newspaper situation of the world. 

A fact worthy of mention is that Mr. Hearst is 
a thorough newspaper man. He knows the busi- 
ness in its every detail, from the mechanical to 
the editorial. He is the active director of his va- 
rious publications. 

Born a Democrat, Mr. Hearst has been a com- 
manding figure in the affairs of his party, nationally 
and otherwise. He has fathered many sound poli- 
cies for the guidance of the organization, and was 
at one time President of the National Association 
of Democratic Clubs. At times his ideas have not 
been in harmony with those of other leaders, and 
on such occasions he has voiced his sentiments edi- 
torially and in public speeches. It was such a situ- 
uation that led to the formation by Mr. Hearst, in 
February, 1906, of the Independence League, a 
movement the purpose of which, as avowed by dele- 
gates in convention at Albany, N. Y., was to over- 
throw boss rule and corporation control of the Gov. 
ernment. Its necessity was due to the lack of a di- 
rect nominations law, which prevented progressive 
Democrats and Republicans from exercising any 
voice in the selection of candidates or writing of 
platforms. The cardinal principles of the Indepen- 
dence League, as announced in its national 
platform, were direct nominations, direct election 
of Senators, income tax, initiative, referendum and 
recall, postal savings banks, parcels post, inland 
waterways development, conservation of natural 
resources, physical valuation of railroads, no in- 
junctions without notice and hearing, and all con- 
tempt of court cases to be tried by a jury; opposi- 
tion to child labor and the manufacture and sale of 
prison-made goods; revision of the tariff; all money 
to be issued by the Government, and "imprisonment 
of individuals criminally responsible for trusts, in- 
stead of merely fining the stockholders." 

The general acceptance of these doctrines to- 
day is apparent from their mere enumeration. 

Mr. Hearst served in the Fifty-eighth and Fifty- 
ninth Congresses, from the Eleventh District in 
New York, and during his service at Washington 
originated and carried to successful conclusion, 
oftentimes in the face of hitter opposition, various 
measures of reform. He introduced bills Increas- 
ing the powers of the Interstat. Commerce Com 
mission, and creating the Interstate Commerce 
Court, the principle of both of which hills has since 
been enacted Into law; a bill to establish the Par- 
cels Post; a bill for the eight-hour day. and the 
payment of the prevailing rate of wages by all 
Federal contractors and sub-contractors; a bill to 
promote the construction of a national system ol 
good roads; a bill to increase the salaries of the 
Justices of the Supreme Court; a bill to enlarge 
the domestic market for farm products and in- 
crease the industrial uses of denatured alcohol; a 

bill for the Incorporation and regulation of all cor- 
porations engaged In Interstate business under a 



national incorporation law, adequately protecting 
the public against watered stocks and bonds; a bill 
to enable the United States to acquire, maintain 
and operate electric telegraphs, paying therefor by 
the sale of bonds redeemable out of net earnings; 
a bill to authorize the acquisition by the United 
States of the entire capital stock and property of 
the Panama Railroad Company, and to provide for 
the maintenance, operation and development by the 
Government of the railroad and steamship proper- 
ties and lines so acquired; a bill constituting a 
rigid and adequate Federal Corrupt Practices Act; 
a bill making railroad rebating a criminal offense; 
and a bill amending the Sherman Anti-Trust Law, 
strengthening it as a criminal statute and making 
it apply to combinations and restraints of trade in 
the monopoly of products of labor. 

Mr. Hearst's battles in the interests of the peo- 
ple have been numerous and varied, but almost 
universally successful, and have been of national 
importance in virtually every instance. Following 
are some of the notable things he did: 

He frustrated the fuel gas franchise grab in 
New York, in 1896, worth $50,000,000 to its pro- 

He blocked the Ice Trust's plan to raise its price 
and started suits to dissolve the combine, in 1900, 
and forced the price down from 60 to 30 cents a 
hundred in three months. He fought successfully 
in Legislature against "dollar gas," and compelled 
an eighty-cent gas rate to be put in effect; similar, 
but shorter, gas fights were inaugurated by him 
bringing about reductions in Boston and Chicago. 
He brought about the conviction of the president 
and the payment of depositors in the wrecked Sev- 
enth National Bank of New York. He caused the 
electrization of the New York Central Railroad fol- 
lowing a tunnel disaster costing forty lives. At 
the height of the first anthracite coal strike he 
produced evidence showing combination between 
nine Pennsylvania railroads and fought the case 
with such vigor that the United States Govern- 
ment, under President Taft, brought and won an in- 
junction suit against railroads holding stock of the 
Temple Iron Company, through which the combina- 
tion was carried on, the case finally reaching the 
United States Supreme Court. The effect of this 
publicity ultimately led to rate reductions by va- 
rious railroads and the radical amendment of the 
Interstate Commerce law. He started rebating 
suits against the New York Central, the Delaware, 
Lackawanna and Western and allied roads for re- 
bating, which resulted in the roads' paying large 
fines to the Government. 

Mr. Hearst was thanked by Attorney General 
Moody for his activity in the case against the 
Sugar Trust for rebating, which resulted in the 
combine's paying fines aggregating $250,000 and 
the ultimate exposure of its workings, which 
caused the corporation to refund millions of dol- 
lars to the Government in unpaid duties. 

He conducted a fight for twenty-five years which 
resulted in San Francisco's getting a municipal wa- 
ter supply and the ownership of street railways. 
He also produced the first evidence and led in the 
campaign against the Ruef-Schmitz graft ring in 
San Francisco, which sent Ruef to prison and freed 
the city from one of the most obnoxious systems 
of corruption in the history of the United States. 
He also exposed the "120 per cent Miller" syndi- 
cate swindle. He caused the Southern Pacific and 
other railroads to rebuild their roads so as to safe- 
guard human life and directed scores of other 
fights in the various cities where his papers are 
published which saved the people millions of dol- 
lars and lightened their burdens in divers ways. 

In his various campaigns Mr. Hearst has been 
ever ready to espouse the cause of a worthy man 
or measnre, as was indicated in his memorable 
fight for the adoption of the reciprocity treaty be- 
tween Canada and the United States. But, on the 
other hand he has never hesitated to criticise the 
unworthy actions of any public official, national or 

Mr. Hearst, in time of disaster in any part of 
the world, has been one of the leaders in the work 
of aiding the poor and alleviating suffering. In 
1906, when San Francisco was stricken by earth- 
quake and destroyed by fire, he sent the first relief 
train into the city, following this with several 
others, and, altogether, raised $250,000 for the re- 
lief of the sufferers. 

When news of the catastrophe was heard 
he immediately instructed all of his papers to 
spare no expense and to leave no stone unturned 
in an endeavor to secure all supplies in their re- 
spective cities and ship at once to San Francisco. 
His instructions were to hire special trains or to 
attach cars to any available train in order to reach 
the stricken city at the earliest possible moment. 
From Los Angeles he sent one special passenger 
train containing provisions, doctors, nurses and 
medical supplies, and later sent a special from 
Chicago containing one hundred doctors and all 
available medical supplies. The steamer Roanoke 
sailed from Los Angeles, containing twenty-two 
carloads of provisions, four of which were contrib- 
uted by Mr. Hearst. Trains, under his lease and 
orders, were made up in Chicago', New York and 
Boston, each containing numerous cars, filled by 
him with provisions and clothing. Almost every 
day one or more cars from the various headquar- 
ters established by Mr. Hearst throughout the 
country were sent forth containing supplies con- 
tributed by him. This was kept up day after day 
during the entire period of need. 

Five years previously, when Galveston was al- 
most swept out of existence by flood, Mr. Hearst 
performed similar services, sending one relief train 
from Chicago and one from New York, which 
rushed provisions, doctors and nurses to the scene 
of trouble. He also raised and sent $50,000 cash. 

At other times he contributed freely to the re- 
lief of starving thousands during famine periods 
in India and Cuba and to disaster victims in 
other parts of the world. To the earthquake suf- 
ferers in. Italy he sent $35,000, composed of his 
own and other contributions made through the ef- 
forts of his publications. 

By a vigorous editorial campaign and personal 
effort, Mr. Hearst was instrumental in securing 
reforms in the cause of humanity in the Congo 
district, where the natives had been the objects 
of cruelty and oppression unequaled in any other 
country on the globe. 

Although he has lived in New York the greater 
part of the time in recent years, Mr. Hearst has 
lost none of the civic patriotism he felt for San 
Francisco, and when the matter of the Panama- 
Pacific Exposition was up in Congress, threw all 
his influence and the weight of his newspapers 
into the fight which the business men of the Bay 
City were making for the great fair. His work, 
with that of the others, finally won the honor for 
their city. 

Among his clubs are the Pacific Union, of San 
Francisco; the Manhattan Club, Union Club, Na- 
tional Democratic Club, City Lunch Club, Press 
Club, National Yacht Club, New York Yacht Club 
and the Atlantic Yacht Club, of New York, and the 
Chicago Press Club. 



Law, Los Angeles, California, was born at 
Douglas, Michigan, August 2, 1861, the son 
of George E. Dunn and Ellen V. (Dickinson) 
Dunn. He married Nellie M. Briggs, January 3, 
1883, at Grand Rapids, Michigan. 

Mr. Dunn received his preliminary education in 
the Allegan High School at Allegan, Michigan, and 
later attended a preparatory school, following this 
with one year in the Law Department of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan at Ann 
Arbor. In 1885 he moved to 
Los Angeles, where he con- 
tinued his law studies, and 
was admitted to the Bar of 
California in 1887. He has 
been active in the practice of 
Law in Los Angeles since 
that time and has attained a 
substantial position among 
the leading attorneys of the 

In 1890 Mr. Dunn was ap- 
pointed Assistant City Attor- 
ney of Los Angeles and 
served in that capacity for 
four years, at the end of 
which time he was elected 
City Attorney, serving for 
tour years more. During this 
period he represented the 
city in various important 
litigations, chief among the 
cases being the so-called 
"water suits." These were 
the outgrowth of a dispute 
between the city and the Los 
Angeles Water Co. over the 
amount to be paid by the city 

for the company's property. The controversy was 
submitted to arbitration, but the company refused 
to accept the decision of the arbitrators, enjoined 
the city from issuing bonds and filed various other 
actions. Mr. Dunn handled the city's side in all 
these suits and. after the expiration of his term in 
office was retained as Special Counsel for the city. 
Finally, after much bitter fighting, he came out 

As a member of the law firm of Gibson. Dunn 
i\.- Crutcher, one of the most important on the 
Pacific Coast, Mr. Dunn has confined himself 
entirely to corporation law, a great deal of his work 
done in connection with Hon. .lames A. Gib- 
son, former Judge of the Superior Court of San 
Bernardino County, California, For mam years Mr 
Dunn served as legal adviser to the Pacific Elec- 
tric Railway Company, the Los Angeles Railway 
Company, the Los Angeles-Redondo Railway Com- 
pany, the Huntington Land Company and other of 
the gigantic enterprises in Southern California, of 
which Henry E Huntington is or lias been the head 
In 1909 Mr, Huntington disposed of the Pacific 
Electric Railwa) and the Redondo road, to 
with all his oilier interurhan lines connecting Los 

Angeles with contiguous territory, to the Southern 
Pacific Railroad Company, but retained for himself 
the Los Angeles local lines. This was one of the 
largest transactions, railway or otherwise, ever 
consummated in the West and Mr. Dunn prepared 
and handled for Mr. Huntington most of the details 
connected with the enormous transfer. The suc- 
cessful outcome of these negotiations, which were 
perfected down to the minutest detail, justified fully 
the confidence which the Huntington interests had 
placed in Mr. Dunn. 

After Mr. Huntington sold 
the Pacific Electric Railway 
he entered more actively 
than ever into the develop- 
ment of the Los Angeles 
Railway Company's lines and 
the Huntington Land Co., 
and Mr. Dunn, while con- 
tinuing in his legal capacity, 
has kept a supervisory eye 
over all the vast Huntington 
interests in the Southwest. 

Mr. Dunn is a man of 
great force and strength of 
character, and deals con- 
stantly with questions of the 
most vital nature in the legal 
world. As the one man most 
intimately acquainted with 
the inner details of Mr. Hunt- 
ington's plans, he has been 
compelled to look after the 
relations existing between 
Los Angeles City and 
County and the enterprises 
of his chief. Though any- 
thing of a political char- 
acter in connection with his 
professional work has always been very dis- 
tasteful to Mr. Dunn, it falls to him, in his legal 
capacity, to direct all proposals, applications and 
defenses for or affecting the Huntington Interests, 
before the City Council and County Supervisors; 
and in this way he has been of monumental service 
to the city and county, as well as to the direct in- 
terests which he represents, and his achievements 
are distinctly apparent in much of the greal dev< lop 
ment that has taken place in Soul hern California 
in recent years. 

During his years ot activity in California. Mr. 
Dunn has been a staunch supporter of the Repub- 
lican party and one of its strongest and ablest 

in his business and professional work he is 
conservative, with the faculty ol being able to 
look into the future without over-estimating, and 
ii is to this attribute, added to his native ability 
and aggressiveness, that bis success is largely 

lie is a membei of the California Club, Jonathan 

ciuh, I.. i \ic.l ■ C itrj Club ami the Bolsa 

G in Club, and is prominent in the affairs of 
Ba ' i lation. 




how \ym. c. Mcdonald 



M 'DONALD, WILLIAM C, first Governor of 
the State of New Mexico. Santa Pe, 
New Mexico, was born at Jordanville, New 
York, July 25, 1858, the son of John Mc- 
Donald and Lydia Marshall (Biggs) McDonald. He 
married Prances J. McCourt at Las Vegas, New 
Mexico, August 31, 1891, and to them was born a 
daughter, Prances McDonald (Mrs. T. A. Spencer). 
He is of Scotch descent and numerous men of note 
are found in the family record. 

Governor McDonald, who. in his private ca- 
pacity, is one of the largest cattle raisers in the 
Southwest, received his primary education in the 
public schools of his native county (Herkimer) and 
later attended Cazenovia Seminary, Cazenovia. N. 
Y. While attending the latter institution he also 
taught school in Central New York, his career as 
a teacher covering the period from 1S75 to 1877. 

Upon finishing his academic work, Governor Mc- 
Donald took up the study of law in Mohawk, New 
York, but about the time he finished reading moved 
to the West, so that he was admitted to practice at 
Fort Scott, Kansas, instead of in New York. He 
remained at Fort Scott only a few months, so did 
not practice his profession. In May, 1S80, he 
moved further West, locating at White Oaks, New 
Mexico. There he obtained employment as a clerk 
in a general store, remaining at it for about a year. 

In 1881, during the administration of Chester A. 
Arthur as President of the United States, Gover- 
nor McDonald, who had made a study of engineer- 
ing matters, was appointed United States Deputy 
Mineral Surveyor for the Territory of New Mexico 
and served for about nine years, or until 1890. 
During this time he also maintained a private prac- 
tice as Civil Engineer and engaged in the construc- 
tion of various underground workings. 

Resigning his position with the Government in 
1890, Governor McDonald engaged in the cattle 
business as Manager of the Carrizozo Cattle Com- 
pany, and has devoted his time to this and similar 
enterprises since, also dealing in lands. 

Governor McDonald is one of the survivors of 
that race of men who, braving the dangers of the 
frontier in its wildest days, brought about the re- 
generation of the great Southwest and made pos- 
sible the prosperity and progress that h;is since 
become characteristic of that section of the United 
States. The country was overrun at the time Gov- 
ernor McDonald engaged in the cattle business 
with "rustlers" and other undesirable, desperate 
characters and he was one of the men who, by the 
exercise of courage and firmness, succeeded ulti- 
mately in driving them from the country. This 
was accomplished only after years of bitter strug- 
gle, during which many men lost their lives, but 
Governor McDonald never found it necessary to 
use a weapon in maintaining law and order. 

The Carrizozo Cattle Company, with which the 
Governor has been so long connected, is only one 

of his interests. He has acquired control of the 
El Capitan Live Stock Company, perhaps the larg- 
est enterprise of its kind in New Mexico, and while 
he holds no office in its organization, is the domi- 
nating factor in its operations. Between the tw : o 
concerns he controls many thousand head of cattle 
and sheep, scattered over an immense range. 

Governor McDonald, from his early manhood, 
has taken an active interest in political affairs as 
a supporter of the principles of the Democratic 
party, and was one of the organizers of that party 
in New Mexico. The organization was effected in 
1SS4 and in the election that Pall he was elected 
Assessor for Lincoln County. He served one term 
(1885-87) and then retired temporarily to his pri- 
vate work. In 1S90 he was elected a member of 
the House of Representatives on the Democratic 
ticket and served until 1892. During this term he 
worked consistently for an adequate public school 
system, and even at that early date was a crusader 
for good roads, a movement which has come to be 
of national importance. During all of his life as a 
public official these have been among improve- 
ments for which he has labored. 

In 1895 Governor McDonald was elected Chair- 
man of the Lincoln County Commissioners, serv- 
ing for two years. The Board of which he was 
head was notable for the fact that, by good man- 
agement, it brought Lincoln County out of debt. 

As one of the largest cattle raisers in the Terri- 
tory, he was chosen a member of the New Mexico 
Cattle Sanitary Board, serving until 1911. 

He was chosen Chairman of the Democratic 
Central Territorial Committee in 1910, and, largely 
due to his personal efforts, the organization was 
brought to such a state of perfection that at the 
first State election in New Mexico the part; was 
victorious. It so happened that Governor McDon- 
ald was picked by the party as its standard bearer 
in this contest and elected to office Nov. 7, 1911. 

Since taking up the affairs of the State as 
Chief Executive, Governor McDonald has pursued 
a policy of government along business lines, 
whereby the Commonwealth is conducted on a pro- 
gressive, economical basis. One of his earliest re- 
forms was that by which office holders, elected to 
serve the State, were compelled to do so, and not 
delegate their duties to other persons, as had been 
the practice for many years. Other Important poli- 
cies of Governor McDonald's program included the 
establishment of the schools of the State on a firm 
basis, the improvement of the highways and the 
maintenance of a clean judiciary system. 

The Governor, whose term of office expires in 
lltli'.. is a firm believer in the future of his adopted 
State, and in the conduct of his office puts into 
practical use his belief that men and parties should 
be subservient to the State. 

Governor McDonald's home is on a magnificent 
ranch at Carrizozo, New Mexico. 



and Ranch industry, Elsinore, Cali- 
fornia, was born two miles west of Phil- 
lippi, Barbour County, Virginia (now 
West Virginia), May 20th, 1833, the son of John 
Howe, and Nancy (Minear) Woodford. On the 
paternal side Col. Woodford is of English descent 
and traces his ancestry back to a long line of pa- 
triotic forbears, some of whom played a con- 
spicuous part in the struggle that won for the 
colonies their liberties from 
the mother country. Gen- 
erals Howe and Woodford 
of the Revolutionary War 
occupy prominent places in 
his family chronology. His 
maternal ancestors also fig- 
ured conspicuously among 
those who served the col- 
onies in the war for in- 
dependence. They origin- 
ally came from France. 
Col. Woodford married Miss 
Rebecca Gather, in Taylor 
County, Virginia, in 1854. 
She was the daughter of 
Jasper Cather, a Baptist 
minister. The living issue of 
the marriage are Iris Colum- 
bia, Phoebe Jane and John 
Howe Woodford. Flora S. 
N., Bruce S., and Clarkson 
J. Woodford, three other 
children born to the union, 
are now deceased. Mrs. 
Woodford passed away in 

The earliest recollec- 
tions of Mr. Woodford's life 
are associated with scenes of poverty and self- 
denial. The only school he ever attended was in 
a log cabin on Pleasant Creek, near his birthplace. 
From his earliest childhood there was inculcated 
in him the qualities of thrift, courtesy and honor. 
None of the pioneer families of Virginia have dis- 
played a greater degree of these qualities than has 
been noted throughout Col. Woodford's private life 
and public career. Practically without schooling 
he has exhibited a familiarity with a wide range 
of subjects. Through habits of close observation and 
self culture in later years he has acquired a fund of 
information not always possessed by graduates of 
educational institutions of the highest standing. 

When seventeen years of age he hired himself 
to a cattle drover at thirty-five cents per day; 
walked and led an ox before a drove of cattle to 
Philadelphia, a distance of four hundred and fifty 
miles. The trip was made in the winter of 1849. 
Anxious to save some of his valuable wages he 
walked all the distance back home through mud 
and snow. Twelve years later he traveled over 
the same road with six hundred head of cattle at 
one time, all his own, which he sold to the gov- 
ernment to feed the army on the march to Gettys- 
burg. He was the first to attempt to drive stock 
from West Virginia to the eastern market during 
the Civil War. He frequently supplied army 


headquarters at Washington with its beef. In 
1863 when the Confederate generals, Jones and 
Imboden, swept across Virginia they took from 
Mr. Woodford two hundred and fifty head of cat- 
tle. They paid in Confederate money, which Mr. 
Woodford holds to this day as a souvenir of the 

At the beginning of the Rebellion Col. Wood- 
ford voted against the ordinance of secession and 
was an aspirant for the colonelcy of the regiment 
organized in Richie County, 
West Virginia, but was su- 
perseded by Col. Moses Hall. 
The rest of the war he con- 
tinued in the cattle business. 
In 1868 he was elected as a 
Democrat to the Legislature 
at Wheeling, West Virginia, 
and helped formulate the 
first code of laws of the 
State. He was elected Sher- 
iff of Lewis County in 1871 
(and also acted as Tax Col- 
lector at the same time) and 
served six years. In 1882 
he received the nomination 
for Senator of the tenth dis- 
trict, but was defeated by his 
Republican opponent. In 
1892 he was a candidate for 
Governor of West Virginia. 
In April, 1892, he made a 
speech before the Demo- 
cratic mass convention at 
\ Grafton, that evoked the 

praise of William J. Bryan, 
who was present. Col. 
Woodford was then in ad- 
vance of his party on the 
financial question, and the views held by him then 
were adopted and became the leading plank in the 
national Democratic platform in 1896. 

Col. Woodford located at Elsinore, Riverside 
County, California, in 1904, where he owns one of 
the most beautiful homes in the city. He owned 
twenty-two hundred acres in Lewis and Barbour 
Counties, West Virginia, some of the finest land 
in the State. His eleven hundred-acre farm near 
Weston was noted for its production of natural 
gas. He also bred a herd of Hereford cattle, which 
was noted all over the country. He built a flour 
mill at Weston which was a source of revenue for 
him for about fifteen years. He also built and 
owned a large brick block on the main street of 
Weston and owns part of it yet. He shipped sev- 
eral cargoes of beef cattle to London and Liver- 
pool, many of his own breeding. 

Col. Woodford is a member of the Baptist 
church, to which he and his wife, throughout her 
life, were devoted. He has been identified with 
the Masonic order since 1864. During late years 
he has traveled extensively; practically in every 
State of the Union as well as parts of the old 
world. He finds no climate more agreeable than that 
of Elsinore with its beautiful lake and hot springs, 
located between the mountains; the chosen 
home of the twilight of his successful career. 


Chicago, Illinois, was born at Albany, 
Whiteside County, Illinois, the 19th day of 
December, 1857, the son of Samuel and 
Evelyn (Howard) Mitchell. He is of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry. Mr. Mitchell married Miss Nellie 
Cunningham, at Chicago, November 29, 1882. 
There is one child, Doris Mitchell, the noted 

He received his early education in the public 
schools of Davenport, 
Iowa, to which place his 
parents had removed when 
he was a child. He later 
entered the Iowa State 
University, at Iowa City. 
In 1879 he went to Chi- 
cago and entered the law 
office of Judd and White- 
house. It was there that he 
made his studies for the bar 
and in 1S82 received his 
parchment admitting him to 
practice law in the courts of 
Illinois. The same year he 
began practice. After up- 
wards of three decades as a 
member of the Chicago Bar 
he stands as one of the fore- 
most members of his profes- 
sion with a reputation for 
sterling integrity that has 
made him one of the most 
reputable legal practition- 
ers in the Middle West. 
While Mr. Mitchell's private 
practice has been both ex- 
tensive and important it is 
his services as a public offi- 
cial that have brought him 

into the limelight as an unflinching foe of dishonesty 
and graft in the administration of the legal affairs of 
the municipality and the various departments thereof. 
Almost from the very inception of his public 
career, Mr. Mitchell lias been an outspoken oppo- 
nent of gang rule in politics. While a Democrat 
in so far as the general policies and platforms 
of that party are concerned, he has always re- 
fused to be subservient to the ruling faction of 
that or any other party, holding sway by the 
power of gang or "gag" rule. His record as a pub- 
lic servant has been made up of one battle against 
graft after another. He was appointed Attor- 
ney for the board of local improvements by Mayor 
Dunne, in 1905. His administration of that office 
saved the taxpayers of Chicago hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars. Soon after his appointment he 
unearthed the fact that a ring of contractors had 
banded with a group of politicians to saddle upon 
the small property owners arbitrary special assess- 
ments for sidewalks where nobody walked and tor 
pavements where there was no traffic. He brought 
an abrupt end to these deals and caused the meE 
who were attempting to enrich themselves at the 
public expense to hurriedly abandon their plans. 

Mr. Mitchell was a supporter of the late Gov- 
ernor John F. Altgeld and was one ol' the leadinir 
factors in the Independent party that was headed 


by the Governor in the revolt against bossism in 
Illinois. In 1899 he ran on the Altgeld ticket for 
Mayor of Chicago and polled 50,000 votes. During 
the years that followed this campaign he remained 
the outspoken foe of every effort or attempt to run 
the city and state governments on the corrupt po- 
litical systems of the parties then in power. In 1904, 
alone and braving a well organized gang that was 
attempting to control the Democratic convention of 
that year, he stood on the floor of the convention 
hall at Springfield and 
characterized the attempts 
of the political leaders to 
steal the convention in 
language that won for him 
the approbation of the non- 
partisan voters of the entire 

In 1908, Mr. Mitchell was 
the Independent Party can- 
didate for State's Attorney of 
Cook County. In the mem- 
orable campaign that took 
place that year he toured 
the county and with a start- 
ling array of facts and fig- 
ures showed the manner in 
which the rights of the pub- 
lic and the public purse had 
been tampered with. The 
Republican party then in the 
zenith of its power in Cook 
County succeeded after a bit- 
ter and strenuous fight in de- 
feating him. 

With the election of .Mayor 
Harrison in 1910, and the for- 
mation of the Hearst-Harrison 
independent Democratic com- 
bine to defeat the forces of 
Roger Sullivan, then Democratic leader, Mr. Mitchell 
again cast his lot against what he has always consid- 
ered arbitrary political rule. He labored ceaselessly 
in the campaign that resulted in the election of Car- 
ter H. Harrison. After the latter's election Mr. Mit- 
chell was one of the leading men in the councils of 
the administration that followed. In 1910 he was tip- 
pointed Attorney for the City Election Commis- 
sion. In that capacity he again rendered valuable 
service to the city, assisting in the work of free- 
ing the election bureau of much of the odium which 
up to then attached to it. He helped inaugurate 
the new voting methods that are now in vogue 
and on numerous occasions appeared before the 
courts of the State in support of laws for the puri- 
fication of elections. 

As a lawyer, Mr. Mitchell has always been con- 
sidered one of the most skilled practitioners in 
Chicago. His work before the courts has always 
been on the highest plane. His practice has been 
such as to bring him into touch with everj phase 
of the law and to give him a wide variety of ex- 

Mr. Mitchell is affiliated with the Episcopal 
church. He is a member of the Chicago Bar \ 
sociation, Illinois State Bar Association, and the 
o Press Club lie is also a member of the 
Masonic Order. 





JESS, STODDARD, Banker, Los Angeles, 
California, was born at Fox Lake. Wis- 
consin, December 3. 1856. the son of George 
Jess and Marion Theresa (Judd) Jess. He 
married Carrie Helen Chenoweth at Monroe, Wis- 
consin, January 15, 1S79, and to them there were 
horn two children, Jennie C. (deceased I and 
George Benjamin Jess. 

The Jess family is of English origin, but has 
been prominent on this side of the Atlantic for 
nearly a hundred years, the first member to cross 
the waters having been John L. P. Jess, the grand- 
father of Stoddard Jess. He was reared to man- 
hood in Nova Scotia, but later moved with his 
family to the United States, settling near Fox 
Lake, Wisconsin. His son George, father of Stod- 
dard Jess, was one of those adventurers who 
crossed the plains in 1S50, following the receipt 
of information about the discovery of gold in Cali- 
fornia. He prospected for gold for several months, 
but gave up the effort and returned to his home in 
Wisconsin, where he later became prominent in 
banking, political and fraternal affairs. He was 
a supporter of the Republican party and, besides 
representing his district in the Wisconsin Legis- 
lature, held various other public offices. On the 
maternal side of his family Stoddard Jess is de- 
scended from the early settlers of New York State. 
His grandfather, Stoddard Judd, served his district 
in the New York State Assembly for several terms, 
and later, upon receiving appointment from Presi- 
dent Polk as Receiver of the United States Land 
Office at Green Bay, Wisconsin, moved to that 
State and there spent a large pait of his life. He 
was a member of the first and second Constitu- 
tional Conventions at which the Constitution of 
Wisconsin was drawn, and later served several 
terms as Senator and Representative in the State 

Stoddard Jess attended the public schools of 
his native city and was graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin in the class of 1876. Immedi- 
ately upon the conclusion of his college course, he 
entered the employ of the First National Bank of 
Fox Lake, Wisconsin, as a clerk and remained 
there a year. At the end of that time he was 
taken into the banking house of his father, known 
as George Jess & Co. of Waupun, Wisconsin, in the 
capacity of Cashier. This was considered one of 
the strongest financial institutions of that lime and 
Mr. Jess, as one of its officers, occupied an im- 
portant place in the business affairs of the town. 
Early in his career Mr. Jess became active in 
political affairs of Waupun and in addition to serv- 
ing several terms as a member of the City Council, 
held the office of Mayor for two years. 

His term expiring in 1S85, Mr. Jess declined re- 
election in order to move to Southern California 
with his father, whose health had become impaired. 
Disposing of their interests in Wisconsin, the Jess 
family transferred their home to Pomona, Cali- 
fornia, and a few months after their arrival there 
Stoddard Jess organized the First National Hank 
of Pomona, he taking the office of Cashier. He 
held this office until 1S9S, when, on the advice of 
physicians, he gave up all active work and started 
upon a period of travel in order to regain his 
health, which had been seriously affected by the 
strenuous life he had led in business and public 

When he first located at Pomona, the city was 
in its infancy and Mr. Jess immediately became one 
of the factors in its development. He was chosen 

first Treasurer of the city and also took a leading 
part in the organization of the Pomona Board of 
Trade, serving as President of that body during the 
first two years of its existence. For many years 
he was a member of the Board of Library Trustees 
of Pomona and served as its President from 1902 
to 1904. 

In 1904 Mr. Jess moved his home to Los Angeles 
and was chosen Vice President of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Los Angeles, in which office he has 
continued ever since. This bank ranks high among 
the monetary institutions of California and is dis- 
tinguished for the large number of depositors which 
it serves. Having spent a large part of his life 
in t lie banking business and being one of its 
closest students, Mr. Jess introduced into the First 
National Bank the united system of Paying and 
Receiving Tellers. With the idea of lessening con- 
gestion before the bank's windows, he devised a 
plan which has proved a great success. In the 
first place, the old system of separate Receiving 
and Paying Tellers was abandoned and the bank 
was divided into a number of alphabetical sec- 
tions, at which the tellers receive and pay money, 
as the case may be. The advantages of the system 
include the elimination of long waits by customers, 
closer relations between the bank and its deposi- 
tors, less bookkeeping and general expedition of 
business. This addition to the banking methods of 
the country was eagerly welcomed by the banking 
fraternity and within a few years was adopted by a 
number of large institutions throughout the United 
States, among the earliest being the Continental 
& Commercial Bank of Chicago, the Seattle Na- 
tional Bank of Seattle, Wash., the First National 
and United States National Banks of Denver, Colo- 
rado, and the Irving Park National Bank of New- 
York City. 

Aside from his position in the First National 
Bank of Los Angeles, Mr. Jess is a director of the 
Los Angeles Trust & Savings Bank and is inter- 
ested in various other enterprises. He is regarded 
as one of the most conservative bankers of Cali- 
fornia, is President of the Los Angeles Clearing 
House Committee and ex-President of the Cali- 
fornia State Bankers' Association. As a widely 
known and respected authority in his profession, 
he has made numerous addresses on banking sub- 
jects and has written many articles dealing with 
financial matters. 

From the time he located in Los Angeles Mr. 
Jess has been among the city's most progressive 
citizens and has been a figure in nearly every 
movement inaugurated for the benefit of the city. 
He was Chairman of the Consolidation Committee 
which brought about the consolidation of Los An- 
geles and San Pedro, California, thus giving the 
former its own harbor, and upon the conclusion of 
this work was chosen President of the Harbor 
Commission of Los Angeles, which had charge of 
the work of building the city's harbor, the original 
cost of which, including local and Federal expend! 
tures, exceeded three and a half million dollars. 
Mr. Jess directed the affairs of the Commission 
during the early stages of the harbor work, but re- 
signed in order to devote himself to his private 

Politically, Mr. Jess is a Republican and an im- 
portant factor in the local affairs of the party. 

He is a member of the Los Angeles Chamber of 
Commerce, F. & A. M., is a Knight Templar. Mystic 
Shriner and an Elk. His clubs are the Jonathan, 
California. Los Angeles Athletic and the Union 
League of Los Angeles. 



Rancher, Los Angeles, California, was born 
October 19, 1854, at Frankfort, Province of 
Ontario, Canada, the son of Nelson and 
Eunice (McColl) Sharpe. On the paternal side, 
Mr. Sharpe is a descendant of the noted Arch- 
bishop Sharpe of Scotland. Mr. Sharpe was twice 
married, his first wife being Frances Rowe. By 
this union there is one son, Percy Sharpe. On 
March 8, 1891, at Sonoma, Cal., Mr. Sharpe mar- 
ried Miss Clara Prunty. To 
this union there has been 
born Gladys, Clara, Margaret 
and John W. Sharpe, Jr. 

Mr. Sharpe received his 
early education in the pub- 
lic schools of his native 
town, later entering the 
Port Hope High School of 
Ontario, Canada. At the age 
of sixteen Mr. Sharpe left his 
home in Canada and follow- 
ing the route that many ad- 
venturous boys had already 
taken, drifted west. For one 
year he taught school in 
Eastern Nebraska, this at a 
time when teaching school 
in a frontier community was 
anything but a sinecure. 
His school district was near 
the famous Platte River and 
he "boarded around," with 
more Indians and plains 
buffaloes as neighbors 
than white men. As a boy 
he spent his days amid the 
scenes that have since been 
written into the romance of 
the great West in the making. In 1871 he joined 
the rush into the "Black Hills." There he en- 
gaged in mining with varying success. From 
South Dakota he drifted to Virginia City, Nev., 
and there secured employment, first with "The 
Hale and Norcross," and later with "Gould and 
Currie," two of the famous mines of that district. 
It was here, under the tutelage of the famous 
"Jim" Fair, founder of the Fair fortunes, and later 
United States Senator from Nevada, that Mr. 
Sharpe secured his first lessons in practical min- 
ing. To Mr. Sharpe, Fair has always been the 
greatest practical miner the United States has 
produced. From him Mr. Sharpe obtained much 
of the knowledge that in latter years made his 
services as a mining expert in great demand. 

Mr. Sharpe remained at Virginia City until 
1873, when he returned to his home in Canada, 
where he remained for three years, when he again 
went West. Through Nevada, Washington and 
Idaho he worked, taking his chances with other 
mine prospectors in the opportunities that these 

|\o. W. SHARPE 

fields offered. In 1S77 he was again at Virginia 
City. At this place he had more or less charge 
of a number of mining properties. It was at 
this time that the superintendent, John W. Pat- 
ton, of the famed Comstock mine, the celebrated 
bonanza of mining history, recommended him for 
the superintendency of an important mining prop- 
erty in Australia. Mr. Sharpe went to Australia, 
where he remained seven years, engaged in some 
of the most important mine development work of 
his career. While in Aus- 
tralia, he was instrumental 
in developing the "Broken 
Hill Consolidated," the larg- 
est lead-silver mine in the 
world. While in Australia, 
Mr. Sharpe became known 
as one of that country's 
most promising mine ex- 
perts. During his stay in 
the Far East Mr. Sharpe 
made two trips around the 
world, visiting Ceylon, In- 
dia, Egypt, and touring Eu- 
rope, stopping at many of 
the most famous mining 

Mr. Sharpe returned to 
Australia in 1SSS, represent- 
ing mining machinery firms 
at the Melbourne Exposition. 
In 1SS9 Mr. Sharpe went to 
South Africa for Mr. Cecil 
Rhodes, the celebrated Bri- 
isli mine developer and em- 
pire builder. The great 
Rand mines were just be- 
ing opened at this time. 
This connection Mr. Sharpe 
has always considered the greatest opportunity 
of his life. Instead of remaining there he went 
to Mexico where for the next twelve years he en- 
gaged in mining and ranching. During his ca- 
reer in Mexico, Mr. Sharpe opened up the San 
Jose Copper Mines in northern Tamaulipas. 
These he sold to the Nichols Chemical Company 
of New York City. He also developed and sold 
the San Gonzalo Mines of Durango. He also 
bought the "Mulatos Zone" in Sonora and later 
sold this property to Col. William C. Greene, for 

In 1904, Mr. Sharpe bought the Casa Grande 
Valley Canal in Arizona and in 1905 the Kenil- 
worth Ranch and Cattle Company. Mr. Sharpe has 
been a resident of Los Angeles, Cal., since 1910. 

Mr. Sharpe is President of the Mojave Con- 
solidated Gold Mines Company and of the Inter- 
State Investment Company and general man- 
ager of the Arizona Pacific Copper Company. He 
is a member of the California Club of Los Angeles, 
and of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce. 



BENNETT, OSCAR DAVID, Secretary Mexi- 
can Petroleum Company, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born near Fort Smith, Arkan- 
sas, March 27, 1S74, the son of James 
Thomas and Louise E. (Remy) Bennett. Mr. 
Bennett's great-grandfather, David Riggs, saw ser- 
vice in the War of 1812, and his father was a 
soldier and participated in the War of the Rebel- 
lion. Mr. Bennett was married to Mrs. Margaret 
Burke at Santa Barbara, California, June 30, 1903. 

Mr. Bennett's early edu- 
cation was acquired in the 
public schools of Arkansas. 
When he was ten years old 
his family removed to South- 
ern California, where he con- 
tinued his schooling until the 
age of sixteen, when he was 
obliged to terminate his 
school days to help his 
father on the family ranch 
near Los Angeles. He con- 
tinued to aid the family for- 
tunes until 1895, when, with 
his mind set on a commer- 
cial career, he went to Los 
Angeles and entered a busi- 
ness college, where he took 
up bookkeeping and kindred 

On his graduation from 
the business college in June, 
1S95, he entered the employ 
of Dewey Brothers' Photo- 
graph Supply House, as a 
bookkeeper. He remained 
in that position several 

years. In 1901 he took a po- ( ). 1). BENNETT 

sition in the office of the 

Los Angeles Times, but remained there only a 
short time. In 1902 he entered the employ of 
the Mexican Petroleum Company as bookkeeper. 
This position was the first one that offered ample 
scope for the ability Mr. Bennett possessed as an 
accountant and office executive. The handling 
of the immense business of the Mexican Petro- 
leum Company, covering the output of vast oil 
producing properties on the east coast of Mexico, 
entailed careful attention to minute detail cover- 
ing production and marketing and the many 
processes involved in those two fields of en- 
deavor. Looking after the accounts of the allied 
corporations covers no small part of the duties 
that fell to Mr. Bennett. 

Mr. Bennett's unflagging attention to the 
business of the company, which at that time was 
beginning to increase its holdings and the skill- 
ful handling of the tasks placed before him, won 
the quick commendation of the heads of the 

company. Exactly two years alter lie had en- 
tered its employ he was elected secretary by the 
directorate of this corporation. In Mr. Bennett 

the company had secured an executive of mathe- 

matical precision and accuracy, whose thorough 
knowledge of the thousand intricacies of the 
business the directors were quick to realize and 
reward. At the time Mr. Bennett joined the 
Mexican Petroleum Company it was beginning to 
absorb other companies and their holdings, and 
in the work of handling these added properties 
Mr. Bennett was one of the chief factors. While 
working with the company Mr. Bennett carefully 
nursed his earnings and, investing them from time 
to time in the stock of the 
various corporations, he in a 
few years became one of the 
more prominent stockhold- 
ers. During these years he 
became closely associated 
with E. L. Doheny and C. 
A. Canfield, who stood well 
in the fore rank of the 
American oil industry. 

Indicative of the confi- 
dence that had been placed 
in Mr. Bennett by the Do- 
heny interests is the fact 
that he has been made sec- 
retary of each new independ- 
ent company as it came un- 
der the control of the par- 
ent corporation. He is now 
secretary and a director of 
the following corporations: 
The Mexican Petroleum 
Company. Huasteca Petro- 
leum Company, Mexican 
Asphalt Paving and Con- 
struction Company, Mexican 
National Gas Company, 
Southern Oilfields Company, 
the Petroleum Transport 
Company and other of the associated interests. 
The various Mexican interests in which Mr. 
Bennett is so closely associated have succeeded in 
passing through the long period of Mexican up- 
rising, suffering practically no disturbances them- 
selves. This is due, it is stated, to the fact that 
they have maintained an absolutely impartial atti- 
tude toward all factions and have treated their 
thousands of employees with perfect fairness. Ac- 
cording to the most authentic reports, practically 
no disturbances have occurred within the vicinity 
of the Mexican Petroleum Company. 

Mr. Bennett, since moving to Southern Cali- 
fornia, has made his headquarters in Los Angeles, 
although he is frequently on extensive business 
trips to the holdings of the various companies in 
Vie Ico 

Mr. Bennett has never overlooked the social 

side of his life in spite of his busy career. He is 
a member ol the Los Angeles Athletic and Sierra 
Madre Clubs, Me is also a member of the I o \< 

Chamber of Commerce and of the City club, 
and the leading eivie organizations of Los Angeles 
ami is a regular attendant at their conferei ■ 






THORP, HARRY. Merchant. President 
Weinstock, Lubin Company, Sacra- 
mento. California, was born at Burn- 
ley, Lancashire, England, June 5, 1864. He 
is a descendant of the true Anglo-Saxon 
type, his father, John Thorp, and his pre- 
decessors having lived in and about Kirby 
Malzeard in the County of Yorkshire as far 
back as there is any recorded trace of the 
family. His mother was Helen (Parker) 
Thorp. ( )n both sides, his parents were 
prominent Episcopalians, proud of their 
birthplace, of hardy, long-lived stock, and 
were mostly interested in farming, cattle 
raising and the tilling of the soil. He was 
married to Miss Lillian E. Smith, January 1. 
1890, in St. Paul's Episcopal Church. Sacra- 
mento, California. To this union there has 
been born one son, Harry Samuel Thorp. 

.Mr. Thorp was educated at Carlton Road 
Grammar School, conducted in his native city 
by William Milner Grant, a noted instructor 
of that day, from whose school, up to the time 
of his death in 1888, it has been said more 
successful men were graduated than from any 
other like institution in the north of Eng- 

Mr. Thorp began his career at the age of 
fifteen years, when as an apprentice in the 
silk and drapery business of his eldest 
brother. Thomas, at Burnley, Lancashire, he 
received his first lessons in merchandising. 
Mr. Thorp's brother is a well known linen 
mercer and fur dealer, having been estab- 
lished in business in England for upwards of 
forty-three years. In his service, Mr. Thorp 
acquired much of the useful knowledge that 
has since won him a high place in the mer- 
cantile world. He spent seven years learn- 
ing his trade, as against the customary five 
years, but as Mr. Thorp says, "while it is the 
drudgery period of the beginner in the dry 
goods business, and the pari that the Ameri- 
can boy tries to avoid, it is in reality the 

primary essential basis of the dry g Is 

merchant's success." 

During the seven years he was learning 
his trade he lived in the house with his em- 
ployer, receiving his hoard and lodging free, 
and had his necessary clothing provided. A 

ven -mall and regular allowance was given 
him for spending money. At the termina- 
tion of his apprenticeship, he found the 
salary his brother offered was entirely too 
small for his expectancy. He had already 
realized that his long training had made him 
fairly proficient in the business, so he de- 
clined to accept the twenty pounds sterling 
per annum they were willing to pay tor his 
services, and left the day his contract ex- 
pired for Manchester, where he had already 
obtained a position at sixty pounds sterling 
per annum with J. & W. Greenwood, con- 
verters of cotton, and dealers in Manchester- 
made goods. His duties here were to repre- 
sent them throughout the north of England, 
which he did successfully for two and a half 
years, covering the territory between Xew- 
castle-on-Tyne and Liverpool. 

In 1884, Mr. Thorp resigned his position, 
much to Mr. Greenwood's regret, and sailed 
for Xew York to try his fortunes in the 
L T nited States. With the record he had made 
in England standing as his sponsor, he made 
application in the month of July, 1884, ami 
experienced no difficulty in securing a posi- 
tion with the famous Xew York house of 
John Daniells' Sons, Eighth and Broadway. 
In applying for a position Mr. Thorp met Mr. 
Tohn Daniells, Jr.. the acting manager of the 
olant. Mr. Daniells first explained they had 
no vacancies at that season, but finally agreed 
to give Mr. Thorp a position in the depart- 
ment of Silks and Velvets at eight dollar* 
>er week, in this class of goods he had al- 
ready become an authority, although at the 
time but twenty years of age. and seemed to 
get along to his own and the firm's entire 
satisfaction. He particularly impressed the 
buyer, Mr. John Tunley, also an Englishman, 
who gave him main hint- and valuable sug- 
gestions, mainl) impressing Mr. Thorp with 
the idea of forgetting what he had learned on 
the other side and of beginning to learn ev- 
erything American. Me also admonished him 
to discontinue Ids great love for everything 
English and to everlastinglj talk about what 
he -aw goi >d in this country. Mr. Thorp 
states that later on he saw the philosophy 
of tin- splendid advice and by following it 



lie was soon made assistant buyer at what 
seemed to him then a handsome salary. 

After a successful career of two and a 
half years with the John Daniells house, he 
returned to Manchester, England, for a six 
months' visit, having in mind the possibil- 
ity of remaining there and applying the 
knowledge he had gained in America to the 
English trade, but remained only a short 
time. Returning to the United States he 
secured a position with the Xew York firm 
of Megroz, Portier & Gross, importers of 
velvets and silks. After six months in the 
employ of this concern he felt the Western 
fever coming on and finally/ decided to go to 
San Francisco by way of Colon and Panama, 
starting from Xew York. 

It is of interest to note at this time when 
the completion of the Panama Canal by the 
United States Government is holding the at- 
tention of the world, that upon his arrival 
at Colon Mi. T horp viewed with amazement 
the millions of dollars' worth of wreckage, 
the remains of magnificent machinery, rust- 
ing and rotting and half buried, constituting, 
with the bones of the dead, practically all 
that was left of the famous attempt by the 
French to put through the great canal. With 
his keen regard for orderliness and his abhor- 
rence of waste, he realized that there was in- 
excusable weakness at some point or other in 
the plans and preparations of the French in 
undertaking such a monumental project, with- 
out first solving the problem of combating 
death and disease on the Isthmus. He 
quickly concluded that the project would 
never be completed under their directorship. 
After a delightful trip of twenty-eight days 
his ship passed through the Golden Gate into 
San Francisco Bay. This was early in 1887. 

He landed in the California metropolis an 
absolute stranger. He did not know a single 
individual to whom he could go for advice 
or counsel, or to whom he could look for as- 
sistance of any kind. During his first few 
months, which he spent at the famous old 
Russ House, he made many lasting acquain- 
tances. About March first, 1887, after a two 
months' period of comparative idleness which 
he utilized to become acquainted with the 
city, he secured a position as manager of the 
drc^s goods and silk department of W'ein- 

stock, Lubin & Co. At that time the concern 
was generally known as the ".Mechanics' 
Store" and only catered to the laboring class. 
It was a strictly cash business and the house 
was growing rapidly in the lines they carried. 
Put during the first two years of Mr. Thorp's 
employment with the firm he studied the sit- 
uation carefully and saw great room for de- 
velopment in the dry goods section of the 
business, for up to that time their largest 
trade was in men's clothing, furnishings and 
hats. In this development work Mr. Thorp 
made himself invaluable to the firm and about 
that time he, with one or two other employes, 
was offered a small amount of stock in the 
business and at the same time he was made 
a division manager. From this point the 
house began to grow in all directions and its 
progress goes hand in hand with the history 
of the State's growth. 

About three years after becoming a stock- 
holder he was practically made the head of 
the firm's source of supply by being made 
buyer of cloaks, millinery, dress goods and 
domestic utensils, spending much time in Yew 
York City, one of the most important points 
in connection with a house of that character. 
For ten years Mr. Thorp occupied this post, 
keeping his house supplied with lines that 
kept it well to the fore in the growing trade 
"i" the coast. He was then appointed foreign 
representative for the same departments, 
making frequent trips to Paris and London, 
and achieving fame as a capable buyer in 
these marts of trade and fashion. It was in 
1903 that Mr. Thorp's work and his thor- 
ough and exact knowledge of the business 
won for him a place in the directorate of the 
company. In this capacity his advice in the 
management of the various departments was 
followed almost without exception. 

In 1910, upon the resignation and retire- 
ment of Harris W'einstock from the presi- 
dency of the company, Mr. Thorp was chosen 
t<> fill this position as well as that of General 
Manager of the business. The annual busi- 
ness of the company totals several millions 
of dollars. It employs on an average of 
eight hundred people. The handling of this 
trade and the vast administrative duties en- 
tailed in the management come immediately 
under Mr. Thorp's directorship. 



The great measure of success which Mr 
Thorp has achieved in his chosen vocation is 
well beyond that which he had estimated 
when he first entered the battle for business 
success. But when he had attained one of 
the most notable successes in California's 
commercial, history. Mr. Thorp felt the need 
of conserving his physical energy and for the 
first time in a tremendously busy career he 
was compelled, in 1908, to look for rest and 
relaxation, lie took up farming, and for fqur 
years he has visited much at "Oakhurst," his 
beautiful sixty-acre ranch farm, near Sacra- 
ment. '. 

The Science of Horticulture is Mr. 
Thorp's hobby. While he has incidentally 
become a prosperous farmer, he is so fond 
of his rural home that he expends most of 
the profits derived from it to enhance its 
beauty. Broad, winding driveways, lined 
with hedges. lead from the main highway. 
The house is surrounded by wide spreading 
oak trees, fan and date palms, and a wealth 
of tropical plants. .Yearly every variety of 
the rose and chrysanthemum is to be found 
in the floral beds of "( lakhurst," as are also 
banks of cardinal geraniums that contrast 
beautifully with the velvet lawn beneath 
them. Amid these beautiful surroundings 
Mr. Thorp spends much time after a quar- 
ter of a century of activity. 

The Sacramento Valley, where Mr. Thorp 
has located tin- -eat of his activities, is world- 
famous a- one of the most fertile and pros- 
perous sections of this country, its richness 
oi -oil and it- general condition- are such 
that its productivity is one of the marvels of 
the agricultural world. 

Surrounding the city of Sacramento, the 
metropolis of the valley, are hundreds of 
-mailer town-, centers of some of the finest 
fruit, vegetable, grain and dairy product- sec- 
tions in the world. All of these towns are 
connected by railroad directly with Sacra- 
mento and most of them by one of the finest 
electric systems in the country, with the re- 
sult that they all are feeders to the city of 
Sacrament' >. 

Sacramento is one of the oldesl Ameri- 
can cities in the West. In the "gold days" 
of '49 it sprang to life a- the base of supplii . 
banking and general business activity of the 
prospectors ami mining companies and was 
the starting point in their successes of such 
men a- I bllis I'. I [untington, Mill-. Fail and 
man) other- of the financial giants of the 
early California days. Mam of the financial 
and business institutions of the Sacramento 
ot today an- the mal i.,,- , ,, ganizations i 'i the 
da\ - of '49 and the town and \ all.' . re rich 

in historic lore. Sutter'- Fort, that his- 
toric landmark stands there today a constant 
reminder of the valor and daring that were 
required by the hardy pioneers if civilization 
and success were to be theirs. 

In recent years a new form of gold pro- 
duction ha- developed in the Sacramento 
Valley and has uncovered vast hordes of the 
precious "dust" and "gravel." In the early 
daw- pick and shovel and pan and rocker were 
the primitive methods by which the placet- 
miner brought to light the treasure for which 
he had risked his life and underwent untold 
hardships of a journey to the Coast. His re- 
turns were in most cases very -mall, consid- 
ering the cost of everything he had to buy, 
and but slight improvements were made in 
tho-e early day methods until within recent 

There ha- been no question regarding the 
vast -tore of gold underlying practically the 
entire valley, but the problem has been, how- 
to get it out and separated in paying quan- 
tities. This has been -.Ted 1>\ the dredger 
process, and the old field of '49 has, under 
this new process, been made to yield many 
fold its production of whit was considered 
the hey-day of its existence. 

But richer and more enduring than all the 
gold that has ever been taken from the valley 
is it- agricultural and commercial develop- 
ment a- it is being so conservatively conduct- 
ed by such men as Mr. Thorp through those 
institutions, intended for public betterment, 
with which he is actively identified. Mr. 
Thorp's personal enterprise- are ..f a char- 
acter that have meant much in substantial 
improvement and development to the city and 

Mr. Thorp's business and property inter- 
ests are extensive. He is a director of the 
Aha Valle Farm Lands Company, tin- Eas1 
lawn ( emeter) Association, ami on the board 
of the Motel Sacramento, lie was instru- 
mental in financing the new building for the 
Sacramento Y. M . ('. V. now in course of 
Construction. lie is a member oi the cx- 
ecutive committee of the Sacramento Retail 
Merchant-' Association, and of the ( hamber 
of Commerce, and Valley Development As 
sociation of Sacramento. lie i- active in 
the promotion of the New Travelers' Hotel 
at Sacramento, now being built. 

Mr. Thorp is well known socially, is a 
member of many club- and societies, but 
to devote hi- -pare time from hi- im- 
mediate business affair- t.. thr quiet enjoy- 
ment of hi- family and his beautiful country 






lisher, Los Angeles "Examiner," Los Ange- 
les, California, was born in Pittsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, March 14, 1868, the son of Fred- 
eric Lorenz Ihmsen and Josephine (Darr) Ihm- 
sen. He married Angeline Arado in New York 
City, March 17, 1894. 

The Ihmsen family is one of the oldest in 
Pennsylvania, where, in the Pittsburg district, 
they built and operated the first glass factory 
west of the Allegheny Mountains. This was the 
beginning of one of the biggest industries of 
that State and the name has been closely identi- 
fied with the glass business ever since the estab- 
lishment of the first plant in Pennsylvania. The 
firm of Ihmsen & Co. was in existence more than 
100 years. 

Mr. Ihmsen received his preliminary education 
in schools of Stuttgart, Germany, and in Allegheny, 
Pa., public schools, graduating from the high school 
in the latter place in 1886. He finished his stud- 
ies at the Pittsburg Catholic College, Pittsburg. 

Leaving college, Mr. Ihmsen became a clerk in 
the Pittsburg postoffice for about a year, becoming, 
in 1888, a reporter on the Pittsburg "Leader." The 
following year he joined the staff of the Pittsburg 
"Post." This was at the time of the destruction of 
Johnstown, Pa., by flood, and Mr. Ihmsen. who was 
one of the first correspondents that succeeded in 
making their way to the scene of that disaster, won 
special distinction by being the first to reach the 
now historic South Fork Dam in the mountains, the 
giving way which had been the cause of the 
catastrophe. His reports of just how the Johns- 
town disaster occurred formed one of the journal- 
istic masterpieces of that day and attracted the at- 
tention of the entire newspaper world. 

In 1890 Mr. Ihmsen was sent to Washington, 
D. C, as correspondent for the Pittsburg "Post," 
and the following year became a member of the 
Washington staff of the New York "Herald." He 
was thus engaged until 1893, when he was trans- 
ferred to New York as political reporter for the 
"Herald." Filling this office, Mr. Ihmsen became 
one of the best known newspaper men in New 
York State. He was occupying this position, in 
1895, when William Randolph Hearst entered the 
New York newspaper field and engaged him to rep- 
resent the New York "Journal" at that important 
post, Albany. The next year he was made City 
Editor of the "Journal," and two years later, when 
the Maine was blown up, returned to Washington 
in charge of the Bureau of the Hearst publications. 

During the trying and extremely delicate mo- 
ments preceding the declaration of war with Spain 
and throughout the war, Mr. Ihmsen was in charge 
at Washington, the most important seat of news at 
that time in the country, and the news dispatches 
from there furnished to the Hearst papers at- 
tracted world-wide attention. Frequently denied 
and discredited momentarily, their accuracy was 
invariably established and the reputation of these 
papers for profound insight into international di- 
plomacy and all that implies to world-news de- 
velopments, became firmly established. 

He was in charge at Washington when Mr. 
Hearst's celebrated fight for the abrogation of the 
Clayton-Bulwer treaty and tlie immediately suc- 
ceeding fight for the U. S.'s right to fortify the 
Panama Canal and absolutely control it. as finally 
voiced in the Hay-Pauncefote treaty, occurred. 

Mr. Ihmsen personally regards his dispatch an- 
nouncing the intention of the United States to in- 
tervene with a military force in China during the 
Hoxer troubles as the most gratifying single inci- 

dent in his newspaper life. This news was so far 
in advance of apparent developments that the 
State Department, all the Chancellories of Europe 
and most of the newspapers of Europe and 
America, denied its accuracy for many weeks. 

In 1901 he again assumed the duties of City 
Editor of the "Journal." A year later he became 
the Political Editor of the New York "Ameri- 
can," founded about that time by Mr. Hearst. 

From the time of his entry into New York, Mr. 
Ihmsen was active in Democratic politics of the 
city and State. He was one of the originators of 
the movement for the nomination of William Ran- 
dolph Hearst for President of the United States 
at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, 
in 1904, and was in personal charge of the Hearst 
interest on the floor of the convention. He or- 
ganized the Municipal Ownership League of New 
York in 1905, and that same year managed Mr. 
Hearst's campaign as the candidate of that party 
for the Mayoralty of New York City. This was the 
time when Mr. Hearst was unquestionably elected 
to the office of Mayor of New York City, but was 
counted out after the returns had been held up 
and doctored by Tammany, constituting one of the 
political outrages of history. In 1906 he aided in 
organizing the Independence League, and was 
chairman of the League State Committee during 
the Gubernatorial campaign of that year. 

In 1907, during an extraordinary political upris- 
ing in New York City on the part of members of 
both of the old line parties, a fusion ticket was 
placed in the field, headed by Mr. Ihmsen, as 
candidate for Sheriff of New York County. This 
nomination Mr. Ihmsen accepted only because 
the League, by unanimous resolution, asked him to 
do so, a request that was urged by the Republican 
leaders as well. Although the Fusion ticket devel- 
oped strength, it was defeated at the hands of Tam- 
many, which had practiced the same tactics fol- 
lowed in the election of 1905. In the returns Mr. 
Ihmsen was credited with 120,671 votes, and Foley, 
the Tammany candidate, with 145.3SS — Mr. Ihmsen 
running considerably ahead of his ticket. 

Besides his efforts for political reform in New 
York, Mr. Ihmsen figured in various national cam- 
paigns, having been secretary of the National Asso- 
ciation of Democratic Clubs from 1900 to 1904. and 
a member of the Executive Committee of the Na- 
tional Democratic Congressional Committee in 1902. 

In the latter part of 1908, Mr. Hearst, recogniz- 
ing the growing importance of Los Angeles and his 
interests there, sent Mr. Ihmsen to take charge of 
the Los Angeles "Examiner." After a brief time 
spent in studying the field he assumed charge of 
the "Examiner" in February, 1909, since when he 
has been the managing director over every depart- 
ment of that newspaper, a work into which he has 
thrown his entire force and energy. 

Since Mr. Ihmsen took charge of the "Exam- 
iner" that paper has attracted national attention 
throughout the newspaper world owing to its re- 
markable growth — the gains and increases in many 
instances having established world records. It is 
today the leading newspaper of the Southwest 

Aside from his part in the upbuilding of the 
enterprises fathered by Mr. Hearst, with whom he 
has been closely associated for 20 years, Mr. Ihmsen 
has devoted himself sincerely to upbuilding Los 
Angeles and Southern California, and through the 
policy of encouragement maintained in the "Ex- 
aminer." lias been a potent influence in this work. 

He is a member. Democratic Club and Sphinx 
Club, New York; and California. Jonathan. Sierra 
Madre ami I.. A Athletic Clubs, l.os Angeles. 



Engineer, Los Angeles, California, was 
born at Three Rivers, Michigan, January 
27, 1S77, the son of Elisha and Lucy 
(Brown) Loomis. His first American ancestors 
settled in New England before the Revolution. 
Mr. Loomis married Miss Bird Lawrence Burck, 
May 29, 1905, at Los Angeles, California. The is- 
sue of the marriage is Chester B. Loomis, Jr. 

Mr. Loomis received his early education in the 
public schools at Ypsilanti, 
Michigan, and later attended 
the State Normal School at 
that place. In 1S96 he en- 
tered the University of Michi- 
gan as a student of mechan- 
ical engineering. He grad- 
uated from the university in 
1900. His first employment 
was with the Western Elec- 
tric Company at Chicago, 
where he began at the bot- 
tom to learn the practical 
phases of every branch of 
the profession which he in- 
tended to follow. His work 
there was as a die sinker in 
the tool room. After re- 
maining with the Western 
Electric for a time he en- 
tered the employ of the 
Brooks Locomotive Works at 
Dunkirk, N. Y., as a 
draughtsman and estimate 
man, being later promoted 
to test man. In 1902 he 
accepted a position as su- 
perintendent of erection for 
the Maryland Steel Com- 
pany, at Baltimore, Maryland, 
made assistant chief engineer 


and afterwards was 
. He left the Mary- 
land Steel Company to become chief engineer for 
the Rockhill Furnace Company, at Rockhill Fur- 
nace, Pennsylvania. 

In 1903 Mr. Loomis decided to try his fortunes 
in the West. He went to San Francisco and ac- 
cepted a position as estimate man with the Union 
Iron Works. He remained with the Union Iron 
Works until 1904, when he removed to Los Angeles 
and became assistant engineer and superintendent 
of construction for the Southern California Edi- 
son Company. He remained with the Edison 
Company some time, during part of which he was 
on leave of absence when he was employed by the 
Short Line Beach Company to lay out and con- 
struct the series of Venetian canals between 
Venice and Playa del Rey. The work on the canal 
system completed he was engaged by the City of 
Los Angeles as Superintendent of Construction of 
the Aqueduct that the city was starting to build 
and which was to cost $30,000,000, and which now 
completed is the largest privately or publicly 
owned aqueduct in the world. For three years Mr. 

Loomis was engaged in the task of maintaining 
at the height of efficiency all the machine supply 
departments on the aqueduct work. He had charge 
of the dredges, steam shovels, power plant at the 
cement works and all the mechanical devices neces- 
sitated by such a monumental undertaking. 

In 1910, Mr. Loomis went to Juarez, Lower 
California, to construct a gold dredge, for H. T. 
Duff, a well known Los Angeles mine operator. He 
completed this task to accept the post of superin- 
tending engineer for the 
Dominguez Water Company. 
For them he had charge of 
the design, construction and 
operation of the largest and 
most economical irrigation 
pumping plant in the State 
of California. Mr. Loomis' 
work with the Domingue?; 
Water Company ended in 
1912 when he took up the 
practice of his profession as 
a consulting engineer with 
offices in Los Angeles, where 
he has achieved much suc- 
cess and distinction as one 
of the leading members of 
his profession. 

Among the projects which 
Mr. Loomis has had an impor- 
tant part in bringing to a 
successful termination are 
the irrigation plants and 
mining and construction 
work of the Sacramento 
Ranch Company, the Vul- 
ture Mines Company, the 
Mojave River Land and 
Water Company, the Ha- 
cienda Ranch Company, the California Real Estate 
and Building Company and the Orchard Valley Ir- 
rigation Company. 

Mr. Loomis is a member of the Engineers Club 
of Baltimore, American Society of Mechanical En- 
gineers, Los Angeles Athletic Club and the Auto 
Club of Southern California, Chamber of Mines and 
Oil and Chamber of Commerce. He was formerly 
a second lieutenant in the Michigan National 
Guard. He has been a contributor to the Engineer- 
ing News on Irrigation and Dredge Work and 
Power Plant Problems. He seems to derive his 
chief source of pleasure in the pursuit of conquer- 
ing desert land, harnessing streams of water so that 
they will reach the barren places and make hab- 
itable and profitable sections of them. The distri- 
bution of water has been one of California's great- 
est problems, but it is one Mr. Loomis has applied 
his mind and courage to until it has been solved 
in such a manner that the country in which he has 
labored yields millions of dollars in crops each year. 
His work has also been recognized as one which has 
brought about numerous opportunities for thou- 
sands of men and women who needed them. 



terests, Los Angeles, California, was born 
at San Francisco, California, July 26, 1875, 
the son of Major Henry and Ida (Ha- 
raszthy) Hancock. His maternal grandfather was 
Count Agostin Haraszthy, the pioneer wine manu- 
facturer of Northern California. His father and 
mother both came to California in 1849, the latter 
coming when a child with her parents, who crossed 
the plains from Wisconsin in a prairie schooner. 
Henry Hancock was a major 
in the United States army 
during the Mexican war. He 
later took up the study of en- 
gineering and law. One of his 
early tasks as an engineer 
was the laying out of the 
City of Los Angeles. He also 
published the first map of 
that city. He was an ardent 
believer in the city's future 
and purchased much land in 
the vicinity, among the tracts 
he acquired being the famous 
Rancho La Brea, covering 
2000 acres, which is still in- 
tact and is now owned by 
Mr. Hancock. 

Mr. Hancock married 
Miss Genevieve Dean Mullen 
at Los Angeles, California, 
November 27, 1901, the issue 
of the marriage being Bert- 
ram and Rosemary Hancock. 

He received his early edu- 
cation in the primary schools 
and at Brewer's Military 
Academy, San Mateo, Cali- 
fornia, which he attended 
during 1888 and 1889. In 1890 
he enrolled as a student 
at the Belmont School at 
Belmont, California. Here 
he remained during the 

years of 1891, '92 and '93. His vacations between 
school terms were spent on La Brea ranch. 
He shared with the men the labors of the fields, 
learning to raise hay and grain, and performing 
his full part of the plowing, mowing, stacking and 
baling of hay. He helped to care for the live stock 
and assisted at chores. By the time he had com- 
pleted his school courses he was an adept agri- 
culturist. His first occupation after he took up 
the responsibilities of active work was in this same 
field. He continued in the management and opera- 
tion of La Brea ranch until he was twenty-five 
years of age. It was at this period that the early 
discoveries of petroleum were being made in Cali- 
fornia. The industry was rapidly developing and 
becoming one of the most important in the State. 
La Brea ranch was one of the localities in 
which petroleum was found. A firm believer in 
the future of the new industry, Mr. Hancock aban- 
doned his agricultural pursuits and turned his at- 
tention to petroleum production. From the outset 
he determined to make a thorough study of every 
phase of the subject. 

He first gave systematic attention to the sub- 
ject of oil well machinery, making himself fa- 
miliar with the most modern devices employed in 
the work. He then went Into the fields, performing 
every task connected with the drilling of the wells 


and the extraction of the oil. He gave much time 
and attention to perfecting the details of his work. 
Fully three years were spent in these self imposed 
tasks, after which he urged his mother, his father 
having died in 1884, to allow him enough capital 
to sink a well on a portion of the property that 
had not already been leased to oil operators. He 
began work at once and from the outset was uni- 
formly successful, meeting obstacle after obstacle 
and overcoming them, where other operators under 
similar conditions, but with 
much less fixity of purpose, 
abandoned their projects. In 
due time he returned to his 
mother $90,000 which she had 
advanced before Mr. Hancock 
was able to secure any re- 
turns from the investment he 
had made in the first well. 
For the past seven years he 
has continued the develop- 
ment work on La Brea ranch. 
At the present time there are 
sixty-five producing wells on 
the property, all of them 
drilled and brought in under 
the management of Mr. Han- 
cock. This number is exclu- 
sive of the wells drilled on 
the property by the Salt Lake 
Oil Company, to whom a por- 
tion of the property had been 
leased in 1900. 

The wells under Mr. Han- 
cock's management are han- 
dled with the most modern 
machinery, the engines pump- 
ing the sixty-five wells being 
the first engines on any 
oil fields that were run 
successfully by com- 
pressed air. They run at a 
pressure of forty pounds. 
Phis pumping scheme 
required about a year of experimenting before it 
became successful. The idea had been tried a 
number of times in other fields, but up to this time 
had never been successful. Many engineers of un- 
doubted authority have examined the plant and 
declared it absolutely successful. 

In the midst of his large business responsi- 
bilities Mr. Hancock has found time to devote him- 
self to the study of music and is recognized in 1-os 
Angeles musical circles as an accomplished and tal- 
ented musician. He has always been an ardent 
supporter of musical culture and has given of his 
time and money to furthering the interests of music 
in that city. He is a gifted cellist, playing that in- 
strument in the Los Angeles Symphony Orchestra 
for the pleasure he derives from the work. He is 
the owner of one of, if not the greatest, violon- 
cellos in existence, it being a Nicholas Gagliano, 
made in the year 1717. 

Mr. Hancock is the owner of Rancho La 
Brea Oil Company, vice president of the Los An- 
geles Hibernian Bank, treasurer oi the Los Angeles 
Symphony Association. For two and a half years 
prior to 1910 he was president <>f the Automobile 
Association of Southern California. He is a mem- 
ber of the California Club, Los Angeles Athletic 
Club and the Gamut Club of Los Angeles, and the 
South Coast Yacht Club. 






BUSBY, LEONARD A., President, Chicago Sur- 
face Lines, Chicago, Illinois, was born at 
Jewett, Harrison County, Ohio, May 22, 
1869, the son of Sheridan and Margaret 
(Quigley) Busby. In 1912 he married Miss Esther 
C. Boardman. and now resides on Sheridan Road, 

About 1635 two English families named Busby 
and Kemp came from the old to the new world 
with Lord Baltimore and settled in the new 
colony of Maryland. Mr. Busby's grandfather, 
Abraham Busby, a direct descendant of the fam- 
ily of that name which came over with Lord Bal- 
timore, served as a captain in the United States 
Army during the War of 1812. Shortly after he 
was mustered out he married Deborah Kemp, at 
Baltimore, in 1815, later emigrating to eastern 
Ohio, then the far western boundary of American 
civilization and settlement. 

On the maternal side, Mr. Busby is of Scotch- 
Irish ancestry. His maternal great-grandfather 
was William Quigley, who emigrated from Ireland 
in the seventeenth century and pushing on through 
the wilderness settled in western Pennsylvania. 
His son, John Quigley, married Mary Ogden, whose 
parents, Samuel and Elizabeth (Crouch) Ogden, 
came from Scotland and located in Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Busby was born on a farm and passed his 
boyhood days amid the usual surroundings and oc- 
cupations incidental to country life. He attended 
the village school and performed the tasks that 
fell to the average boy of the neighborhood during 
vacation seasons. At the age of fifteen he ob- 
tained a certificate authorizing him to teach in the 
public schools. For three years thereafter he fol- 
lowed the occupation of a teacher and in 1891 en- 
tered the Ohio Wesleyan University, from which 
he graduated in 1894, with the degree of A. B. 
The same year he matriculated at the Northwest- 
ern University Law School and in the following 
year graduated with the degree of LL. B. In 
June, 1895, he entered the offices of the law firm 
of Lyman & Jackson as a clerk. In 1S9S he was 
taken into the firm and remained as a member of 
that firm or its successors until 1912, when he re- 
tired from general practice of the law to become 
president of the Chicago City Railway Company. 

In 1906 he was chosen general counsel for the 
Calumet Electric Street Railway Company, then 
in the hands of a receiver. In 190S he represented 
the receiver in the negotiations with the City 
Council of Chicago, which resulted in the consoli- 
dation of the Calumet company and the South 
Chicago Railway Company, and in the granting of 
a new franchise to the consolidated companies. 
He then became general counsel for the new cor- 
poration. This was followed in 1910 by appoint- 
ment as general counsel for the Chicago City Rail- 
way and also for the Connecting Railways Collat- 
eral Trust, which controlled all of the south side 

In December, 1911, Mr. Busby was elected 
President of the Chicago City Railway Company, 
Calumet and South Chicago Railway Company and 
the Southern Street Railway Company. His first 
notable service alter his election as president 
came in July, 1912, when a very difficult and criti- 
cal situation arose with reference to a new wage 

agreement with the union employes of the com- 
pany. Frequent threats of a strike and enforced 
suspension of traffic on all the lines on the South 
Side of the city made the situation a perilous one. 
Although unable to agree with the union labor de- 
mands, Mr. Busby insisted there should be no 
strike, gaining the confidence and co-operation of 
the union by agreeing to arbitrate all questions in 
controversy. The matter, finally submitted to a 
board of arbitration, resulted in an award substan- 
tially the same, or possibly less favorable, to the 
men than the offer originally made to them. In 
the hearing before the board of arbitration, last- 
ing over six months, Mr. Busby by common con- 
sent represented the north and west sides lines as 
well as the south side lines which he was op- 

While the arbitration hearings were still pend- 
ing, Mr. Busby began negotiations with the city 
for a unification of all the surface street railways. 
After over a year of ceaseless effort, these nego- 
tiations were carried to a successful conclusion 
when, in 1913, the City Council passed the so- 
called "Unification Ordinance," making provision 
for the unified operation of all the street railway 
properties under a single management. This was 
subsequently ratified by the companies and became 
effective February 1, 1914. Prior to that time Mr. 
Busby had been chosen president of the new or- 
ganization, known as the Chicago Surface Lines, 
comprising the Chicago Railways Company, the 
Chicago City Railway Company, the Calumet and 
South Chicago Railway Company and The South- 
ern Street Railway Company, the largest street 
railway operating organization in the country, op- 
erating over a thousand miles of track and carry- 
ing over 3,000,000 passengers daily. 

For a full decade, Mr. Busby has had an im- 
portant part in bringing about the successive 
changes and improvements in the Chicago street 
railway situation which finally paved the way 
for, and brought about, the present unified street 
railway system. In negotiations with the city he 
has always urged the fullest investigations and 
careful study of all problems before taking action, 
and while protecting the rights of his companies 
and the investors therein, has always met the city 
in a fair spirit, making liberal concessions to the 
interests of the public. A notable example of this 
was shown in the unification ordinance in which 
was inserted a clause granting to Calumet district 
residents a live-cent fare in lieu of the tin cenl 
tare, which had theretofore been in effect, and in 
granting the free use of transfers in the down- 
town district of Chicago, which had theretofore 
been prohibited. 

As an executive, Mr. Busby has insisted on 
economy and efficiency in the operation of the 
properties, and has steadily resisted all efforts to 
allow his operating organization to be used 
or encroached upon for purposes of political 

Mr. Busby is a trustee of the John Crerar 

Library, is chairman of its administration com- 
mittee and devotes considerable of his spare time 
to that work. He is a member of the Chicago, 

Law and Mid-Day Clubs. of the Phi Delta 
Theta Fraternity and Phi Beta Kappa Society. 



SCHUYLER, JAMES DIX, Consulting Hydraulic 
Engineer, Los Angeles, California, was born 
at Ithaca, New York, May 11, 1848, 
the son of Philip Church Schuyler and 
Lucy M. (Dix) Schuyler. He married Mary 
Ingalls Tuliper, July 25, 18S9, at San Diego, 

Mr. Schuyler began his engineering career in 
1869, on locating the western end of the Kansas 
Pacific Railway, in the days when it was necessary 
to fight the Indians as well as 
to combat the elements of 
nature in a wild country. 
Many thrilling adventures 
and hair-breadth escapes re- 
sulted, and in one battle he 
was seriously wounded. 

In 1882-83 he was appoint- 
ed chief engineer and gen- 
eral superintendent of the 
Sinaloa & Durango Railway 
in Mexico, returning to Cali- 
fornia in 1883 to avoid yel- 
low fever During 18S4-85 he 
built a section of the San 
Francisco sea-wall as one of 
a firm of contractors and the 
engineer in charge. In 1890- 
91 he designed and super- 
vised the building of the 
Hemet dam in Riverside 
County, California, the high- 
est masonry structure in the 
State. During subsequent 
years Mr. Schuyler devoted 
special attention to hy- 
draulic engineering in gen- 
eral, designing and building 
water works in many cities 
and towns, including Denver, 
Colorado; Portland, Oregon, 
and numerous others. In the years 1903-4-5 he was 
employed as the consulting engineer for the build- 
ing of the great dam on Snake River at the head of 
the Twin Falls Canal, probably the largest irrigation 
system in America, and held a similar relation to the 
American Beet Sugar Co. in California and Colo- 
rado during a period of nine years of irrigation 
and water supply development. In the course of 
his long practice he has been called upon to act in 
an advisory capacity for a very large number of 
irrigation projects, power development projects and 
domestic water-supply works throughout Western 
America, and in the midst of his other activities he 
made such a specialty of the constructing of dams 
by the interesting and novel process of hydraulic 
sluicing as to have become a recognized authority 
among engineers the world over on that subject. 
One of his first works of this type was the Lake 
Francis Dam, built for the Bay Counties Power 
Company in Yuba County, California. 

As consulting engineer of the Great Western 
Power Co. of California, he was foremost in point- 
ing out the rare possibilities of a project which has 
since become the largest power development in the 
State. Much of his time has been engaged in plan- 
ning and building extensive works for power and 
irrigation in Mexico, Hawaii, Japan, Brazil and 
throughout the Western States of America. In 1907 


Mr. Schuyler was a member of a board of three 
consulting engineers selected to report on the plans 
for the Los Angeles Aqueduct, bringing water from 
the Owens River, a distance of some 250 miles. 
Changes in location of the aqueduct which were 
suggested by him and subsequently adopted at the 
recommendation of the board, resulted in a saving 
of some twenty-five miles of heavy construction, 
which would have cost several millions. This is 
geneially regarded as the most distinguished service 
he has accomplished for the 
public, a service meeting 
with fullest recognition by 
those familiar with the facts. 
He was consulting engi- 
neer to Waialua Plantation. 
Hawaii, on the construction 
of the highest dam on the 
islands, chiefly built by sluic- 
ing; was also consulting en- 
gineer for Territorial Gov- 
ernment of Hawaii on Nuu- 
anu dam, Honolulu, and for 
U. S. Indian Bureau on build- 
ing of Zuni dam, New Mex- 
ico. He was consulting en- 
gineer for the British Colum- 
bia Electric Ry. Co. and 
Vancouver Power Co. on dam 
construction, the reclamation 
of swamp lands, etc. 

Mr. Schuyler was appoint- 
ed in January, 1909, by Pres- 
ident Roosevelt to accom- 
pany President-elect Taft to 
Panama as one of seven en- 
gineers to report on canal 
plans, the Gatun dam, etc. 
The unanimous report of this 
board of engineers was in 
favor of carrying out the plan 
adopted by Congress for a lock-canal, but recom- 
mended a modification of the height and slopes of 
the Gatun dam, lowering it by twenty feet. 

Mr. Schuyler was past vice president, American 
Society of Civil Engineers; member, Institution of 
Civil Engineers of London, Eng.; Technical Society 
of Pacific Coast, Engineers and Architects' Assn. of 
So. Cal., Franklin Institute, American Geographical 
Society. He is author of "Reservoirs for Irrigation, 
Water Power and Domestic Water Supply," a work 
on dams, of 600 quarto pages, published by John 
Wiley & Sons, 1908 (Revised and Enlarged), a stan- 
dard work on this subject, being the especial au- 
thority on the use of sluicing in dam construction. 
Also author of numerous contributions to engineer- 
ing societies, two of which won the Thos. Fitch 
Rowland prize in the American Society of Civil 
Engineers. He has written various reports for the 
IT. S. Geological Survey, published at different 
times in public documents, as well as sundry re- 
ports on irrigation for the State of California. He 
is a charter member of the California Club of Los 
Angeles and a member of the Union League Club 
of Los Angeles. He went to California in 1873 
from Colorado, and took permanent residence in 
Los Angeles in 1893. He was counted one of the 
foremost engineers in the world. 

Ed. Note : Mr. Schuyler died September, 1912. 


EDWARDS, J. PAULDING, Consulting Engi- 
neer, Investments, Sacramento, Cal., was 
born at San Francisco, Cal., May 5, 1880, 
the son of William Stout and Lucy Wood- 
worth (Beebee) Edwards. On his paternal side he 
is a descendant of Captain John Edwards, who bore 
the title of Duke, and who was born in Scotland 
in 1602. Capt. John Edwards was an officer in 
the army of Scotland, emigrating to America in 
1700, becoming one of the founders of the town of 
Stratfield, now Bridgeport, 
Conn. Mr. Edwards' paternal 
grandfather was Dr. David 
S h e 1 1 o n Edwards of the 
United States Navy, and his 
father was a captain in the 
United States Coast and 
Geodetic Survey. Mr. Ed- 
wards is one of the seventh 
generation of the name direct 
from Capt. John Edwards of 
Stratfield, Conn. His ma- 
ternal ancestry is no less 
distinguished, Samuel Wood- 
worth, who wrote "The Old 
Oaken Bucket," being his 
great-grandfather, and Selim 
Woodworth, member of the 
San Francisco vigilance com- 
mittee of 1849-50, his great- 

Mr. Edwards married 
Dollie Bainbridge Tarpey at 
San Francisco September 9, 
1908. To this union there has 
been born Sumner Tarpey 

Mr. Edwards entered the 
University of California in 

August, 1899. He spent four years there pursuing 
studies in electrical, mechanical and civil engineer- 
ing. His first occupation was during the summer 
of 1901, while on vacation from the State Univer- 
sity, when he became technical sales agent for the 
Locomobile Company of America. 

In the summer of 1902 he entered the employ 
of the Government as Chief Electrician on the 
U. S. A. Transport "Logan." During this trip he 
visited Guam, Manila and Nagasaki. After the com- 
pletion of his college course in May, 1903, he went 
to Mexico and entered the employ of La Compania 
Limitada de Tranvias Electricos de Mexico, as 
student engineer projecting electrical and mechani- 
cal railway work, later acting as superintendent of 
construction on central station plants, steam and 
electrical distribution lines, transformer stations 
and railway storage battery stations. He developed 
special control for economic operation of motor 
cars, prepared plans and specifications as consult- 
ing engineer on hydro-electric development, indus- 
trial factory installation and railroad electrization. 


He prepared plans of power houses, distribution 
systems, sub-stations, permanent ways, equipment, 
telephone and telegraph lines and equipment. 

Mr. Edwards spent two years in Mexico, his ac- 
tivities during that time covering a very wide range 
of service. In 1905 he returned to California and 
accepted a position as consulting electrical and 
mechanical engineer with the Northern Electric 
Railway Company. He personally projected and 
designed the entire electrical and mechanical in- 
stallation of this railroad. 
He subsequently assumed 
charge as chief engineer of 
electrization. For this com- 
pany he designed and built 
sub-stations, shops, distribu- 
tion systems, cable and feeder 
installations, cars, locomo- 
tives, office buildings, hy- 
draulic plants and many other 
necessary parts of a complete 
electric railway system. The 
approximate length of this 
road is 172 miles, high speed 
passenger and heavy freight 

In 1907 Mr. Edwards in- 
corporated the Butte Land 
Syndicate at Sacramento, 
Cal., an agricultural enter- 
prise in Sutter County, Cal. 
He was elected president of 
this company. In 1911 he in- 
corporated "La Hacienda. 
Inc.," controlling 3000 acres 
of land in Yuba County, Cal. 
He was elected vice presi- 
dent and secretary of this 
company. In July, 1913, he 
incorporated the J. Paulding Edwards Company, a 
development and investment concern, being elected 
president and treasurer thereof. 

In addition to the above interests and offices, 
Mr. Edwards is Consulting Engineer for the .North- 
ern Electric Railway Company, the Vallejo and 
Northern Railroad, the Sacramento and Woodland 

He is a member of the Bohemian, Olympic and 
Transportation Clubs of San Francisco, and the 
Sutter and University Clubs of Sacramento. He is 
the inventor of various electrical and mechanical 
devices and a frequent contributor to technical 
publications and has recently been vested with the 
title of "Fellow" by the American Institute of Elec- 
tricaJ Engineers. 

Mr. Edwards is looked upon as one of the big 
men of the West who is pushing ahead its develop- 
ment. Born, raised, educated and trained in the 
West, his heart is in that country alone, and this, 
no doubt, has an Influence on the splendid work 
if has accomplished there 






SPIRES, JOSEPH H. (Deceased), Capitalist, 
Los Angeles, Cal., was born on a farm in the 
Province of Ontario, Canada, August 9, 1853, 
the son of Stephen and Mary Belle (Foster) 
Spires. His paternal ancestors were English. His 
mother was of north of Ireland and English Protes- 
tant lineage. Mr. Spires married Miss Mary Har- 
rison of Grand Rapids, Mich., April 2, 1879. 

Eulogized time and again as an "Empire Build- 
er" in the truest meaning of that phrase, Joseph H. 
Spires measured up to the most exacting standards 
by which men of achievement are judged. Un- 
bounded optimism and sturdy self-reliance were the 
rocks upon which he built one of the most notable 
careers among the many great ones developed in 
the upbuilding of the great West. Four months 
each year at the village school up to the time he 
entered his teens and a little additional instruction 
when his parents moved to a larger city was the 
extent of his early mental training. His intimate 
and exact knowledge of a wide range of practical 
and theoretical topics in later life was self-acquired. 
While he was always forced from his earliest youth 
to toil for the things he won in the battle of life, 
he was always a lover of books and a man of let- 
ters to a degree that enabled him to mingle on an 
equal footing with men who had enjoyed the ad- 
vantage of extensive scholastic training. Tall 
and straight as a sapling pine, keen of face and 
mind, quick of tongue, cheery and affable, he was 
the embodiment of hope and purposeful energy, 
forcing success in the face of manifold obstacles! 
Mr. Spires' school days in Canada came to a 
sudden end when his father, through a misguided 
trust, lost the family farm. The Spires removed 
to Buffalo, N. Y„ where, after a brief period of ad- 
ditional schooling, Joseph H. Spires was launched 
into the realities of life. His first week was in a 
bakery at the usual pittance paid boys in those 
days. His next employment was in a crockery 
store, owned by a gentleman who evidently had 
his own ideas as to how hard boys should work. In 
after years, Mr. Spires would laughingly repeat this 
employers favorite command: ' Now, 'Joe,' while 
you are resting you can carry up those plates from 
the basement." But 'Joe' didn't linger long han- 
dling crockery. Even at this early age he had a 
higher purview of life, and by the time he was 
nineteen years of age, had already, to an important 
extent, shown the sturdy stuff of which he was 
made. When seventeen he secured employment 
at the famous old National Hotel in Grand Rapids 
Mich., as a bell boy. Two weeks thereafter he was 
made night clerk and three months later became 
day clerk and practically manager of the hotel He 
remained at the National until it limned down. 
His employment at the National was followed by 
a year at the Hofstra House in Muskegon, Midi 
lien came his appointment as manager of the 
Cutler House at Grand Haven. Mich, at that time 
the finest resort hotel in the State. From 1878 to 
1884 Mr. Spires remained in charge of this hostelry 
administering its affairs with a skill thai brought 
it large success. It was during this period in 1879 
,Ji: " '"' ""'< :ul<l married t| u . estimable ladv who be- 
came his wife, and to whose share in his success 
ne often paid high tribute. He resigned the man 
agemenl of the Cutler House to enter the business 
of manufacturing lumber and shingles He re- 
malned in this business about two years, when lie 
was appoint,. d commissary officer by the State 

Military authorities to enable him to put' in , ration 

the Michigan Soldiers' Home at Grand Rapids, hold- 
ing this position until this Institution was on an 

economic and service-giving basis. He then opened 
the Macatawa Hotel on Lake Michigan, and after 
the lake season was over accepted the management 
of the Traverse City Hotel at Traverse City, Midi., 
where he remained until he determined to seek the 
milder climate of California. Going West he re- 
mained in the foothills of Calaveras County until 
August, 1887, when he reached Los Angeles, which be- 
came his home and the scene of the achievements 
that made him one of the real builders of the West. 
Almost from the day of his arrival in Southern 
California the development of the resources of that 
section became the heart's work of Joseph H. 
Spires. Mining, water development and real estate 
were the things that occupied his attention at 
first. The next important step in his career was the 
part he took in the building of the traction lines 
to the beaches. When Gen. M. H. Sherman and 
E. P. Clark took up the work of promoting and 
building the Los Angeles Railway, now a part of the 
Pacific Electric system, Mr. Spires became the right 
of way agent for the road. For two years he lab- 
ored without rest, battering down objections and 
overcoming opposition in one form and another, and 
finally had the satisfaction of seeing the first car 
run over the lines and the franchises perfected. 
This work completed, in 1893, he helped or- 
ganize, with Gen. M. H. Sherman, E. P. Clark, Wil- 
liam T. Gillis and Cassius Sweet as his associates, 
the Sunset Brick and Tile Manufacturing Company 
at Santa Monica. This company was later ab- 
sorbed by the L. A. Pressed Brick Company. In 
1892, in association with F. O. Frazier, Mr. Spires 
promoted and built the Western Fuel, Gas and 
Power Company plant at Redondo, supplying gas 
to that town and Hermosa. He remained president 
and owner of this enterprise until his death. 

The widening of Hill Street from Third to Pico 
Streets is a monument to the skill, industry and 
optimistic zeal of Joseph H. Spires. Two years of 
his life he gave to this work. Restless energy 
characterized his conduct of this important cam- 
paign. Twenty feet, ten on each side of the street, 
was the extent of this widening, and it made Hill 
Street the important avenue of trade and traffic 
that it is today. It enhanced property values, beau- 
tified that section of the city ami gave a new trend 
to the spread of the city's business section. The 
obstacles that were met and overcome in this fight 
are now a part of the history of Los Angeles. Mr. 
Spires was a firm, unwavering believer in the 
future of Los Angeles and its environs. At various 
times he was a heavy property owner in sections 
of the city that men less optimistic than lie could 
see no future for. He was a pathfinder in the very 
heart of the city, always a goodly number of steps 
ahead of the most sanguine in his belief in the up- 
building of Southern California ami its metropolis. 
While not a club man. Air. Spires was of a so- 
ciable and happy disposition. Always read] to ^nr 
of bis time and strength to help a friend, or to 
benefit the community, be died mourned by the 
leaders of the city. His work in behalf of civic 
betterment has been recognized in public press 
and pulpit. At the time of bis death he was 
eulogized as one of the most zealous workers the 
Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce possessed. 
Among the financial leaders of the city he was 
looked upon as a bulwark of Strength in times of 
financial crisis lie was a member of the i.. a. 
Chamber of Commerce, i.. A. Auto Club, the City 
Club, the National Citizens' League ami active in 

; ' ' roads movement: I le \va: .in .mi nest member 

of the Presbyterian Church He passed away Jan- 
uary ::. 1913, after a short illness. 



ney-at-Law, San Francisco, Califor- 
nia, was born in San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia December 29, 1860, the son of Peter 
Dunne and Margaret (Bergin) Dunne. 
Both his father and grandfather were among 
the California pioneers of 1849, merchants, 
in San Francisco, and subsequently owners 
of large tracts of land in Santa Clara County. 
He married Annie Cecilia Haehnlen in Oak- 
land, California, June 28, 1898, and of their 
union there have been born three children, 
Arthur Bergin, Marian Wallace and Marjorie 
Evelyn Dunne. 

After a general course in the classics Mr. 
Dunne was graduated from St. Ignatius Col- 
lege, in 1878, with the degree of Master of 
Arts, and then took up the study of law in 
the Hastings College of Law, San Francisco. 
He was graduated from that institution in 
1881 a Bachelor of Laws. 

A great power of sustained application 
and of logical analysis, a ready wit, calm 
self-possession when occasion most demands 
it and a natural aptitude form a combination 
that should win success in any profession, 
especially the law, and it is undoubtedly the 
happy blending of these qualities that has 
gained for Mr. Dunne the distinction he now 
enjoys as one of the most successful attor- 
neys on the Pacific Coast and one of the 
best known professional men in the United 

Shortly after his admittance to the Bar 
his skill in the conduct of his cases began to 
attract attention, and it was not long before 
his success in damage suits led one of the 
largest local corporations to retain him as its 
attorney at a large salary. 

Thenceforth his reputation and his income 
grew apace, and during his rise to the post 
of general attorney for the Southern Pacific 
Railroad Company some of the most impor- 
tant causes ever tried at the California Bar 
were entrusted to him. In these his close 
manner of conducting them, combined with 
the eloquence of his arguments to the juries, 
marked him as a brilliant advocate. 

In a celebrated case before the Supreme 
Court of California the justices spoke of Mr. 
Dunne's argument as one of the best ever 
made in the State. This resulted in a re- 
versal of the judgment favorable to his client. 

Among his other noted cases that in 
which, as special prosecutor, he secured, after 
two mistrials, the conviction of Dimmick for 
embezzlement while cashier of the \J. S. 
Mint, is especially worthy of mention. An- 
other, and one of the most bitterly contested 

in the annals of the California liar, was that 
of Ames vs. Treadwell. In this Mr. Dunne 
was counsel for the defendant against four 
of the leading lawyers of California, and 
the thunders of applause that greeted the 
close of his argument forced the judge to 
clear the overcrowded courtroom. 

The post of general attorney for the 
Southern Pacific Railway Company is one 
of the most important legal offices in the 
United States. Even the routine work of a 
corporation of the magnitude of the Southern 
Pacific is of great volume, and often, involv- 
ing as it does millions of dollars, of prime im- 
portance. But the Southern Pacific has of 
late years had to appear in the courts of the 
State of California and of the United States 
in some of the greatest litigations on record. 
And it is in these that Mr. Dunne has dis- 
tinguished himself. He was attorney for the 
Southern Pacific in the days when E. H. 
Harriman was the head of the railroad, and 
was intimately familiar with the great work 
of expansion carried on by that greatest of 
railroad captains. He won the confidence 
of Harriman. so much so that the lat- 
ter put him at the head of his great legal 
array. This was no slight honor, because 
Harriman, to represent the interests of his 
tens of thousands of miles of railroads, had 
gathered together probably the greatest 
group of corporation lawyers in the United 

In the now celebrated merger case be- 
fore the United States Circuit Court of Ap- 
peals, in special session at Denver, Mr. 
Dunne, as attorney for the Harriman roads, 
won a national fame. Despite all this, how- 
ever, the allurements of private practice were 
so strong that in 1910 he retired from the 
general attorneyship for the Southern Pacific 
Company to a membership in his present 

A sample of Mr. Dunne's ready wit was 
furnished in the Spreckels will contest, 
wherein he was counsel for the successful 
litigants, John D. and Adolph Spreckels, 
who sought to have the will of their father 
declared invalid. In a hypothetical question 
which he put to the court he said : 

"Assume, for instance, that I am the 
owner of the Spreckels building." Probate 
Judge Coffey interrupted to suggest : "You 
will be, Mr. Dunne, before this litigation is 
ended." Mr. Dunne replied: "I thank your 
Honor for so clearly foreshadowing the re- 
sult." Mr. Dunne is a member of the Pacific- 
Union, Olympic, Commonwealth and San 
Francisco, Golf and Country clubs. 



COBE, IRA MAURICE, Investment 
I '.anker, Chicago, Illinois, was born in 
Boston. Massachusetts, October 29, 
1866, the son of Mark H. and Eva (Morris) 
Cobe. He married Miss Annie E. Watts, 
March 19. 1892. 

Mr. Cobe received his early education in 
the public schools of Boston and afterwards 
entered Lawrence University, at Lawrence, 
Mass. After the comple- 
tion of his college course 
he began the study of law 
in Boston, at the same 
time maintaining himself 
by working on Boston 
newspapers and perform- 
i n g various services in 
and around newspaper of- 
fices in various towns in 
Eastern Afassachusetts. In 
1888 he successfull y 
passed the test for attor- 
neys before the Supreme 
Court of Suffolk County, 
and was admitted to the 
bar in June of that year. 

He practiced 1 a w in 
Boston with marked suc- 
cess for four years, at the 
end of which period a 
growing clientele among 
Eastern investors who 
had large sums of money 
invested in Chicago and 
other western railway and 
public utility securities 
necessitated his removal 
to Chicago. He left Boston in 1892 and with 
( ieorge McKinnon formed the firm of Cobe & 
McKinnon. From this time on, Mr. Cobe's 
law practice was crowded out by his duties 
as the representative of large financial inter- 
ests, so that within a few years after going 
to Chicago he had practically abandoned the 
practice of law to devote all his time to han- 
dling the financial affairs of his clients. 

In 1898 the Assets Realization Company, 
a concern whose interests run into the mil- 
lions, was formed with Mr. Cobe as it- first 
Vice President. The Assets Realization 
Company took up the financing of street 
railways and large industrial institutions to 
such an extent that within a few years after 
its organization Mr. Cobe was looked upon 
as one of tin- leading financial powers of < in 
cago. In 1905 the compan) purchased con- 
tn '1 ' if the ( 'almiH't and & mth I liicagi i Street 


Railway, one of the lines which at that time 
held a strategic position as part of the Chi- 
cago street railway system, owing to the fact 
that it was one of the principal feeders for 
the car lines that ran into the loop in the 
downtown business section of the city. From 
1905 Mr. Cobe was one of the leading figures 
in the traction world of Chicago, and was 
identified with all the movements that finally 
brought into being the 
elaborate system o f 
street and elevated rail- 
wax 3 that ii' >w forms a 
vast network in that city 
and its suburbs. In 1910 
he was elected President 
of the Assets Realization 
Company and has since 
retained that office. 

Mr. Cobe has also 
been instrumental in the 
financing of a number of 
important Illinois indus- 
trial institutions. He was 
for a number of years a 
director of the National 
Bank of the Republic of 
Chicago, and one of the 
foremost bank investment 
authorities in the State. 
The funds of the Asset- 
Realization Company were 
also utilized in a number 
of important development 
projects in the Middle 
West as well as in Chi- 
cago and its s u b u r b s. 
The Chicago lighting system has from time to 
time been funded by this company and Mr. 
Cobe has always taken a leading part in the 
councils of the directors and heads of this 
utility. The Hammond. Whiting and East 
Chicago Railway is another one of the lines 
Air. Cobe assisted in financing and as a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors of thai road was 
largely responsible for many of the im- 
provements it has made in service and 

He is a Director of the Chicago Associa- 
tion of An-, and a member of the Hamilton, 
Chicago Athletic, South Shore Country, and 
the Mid Da) ( lull- of Chicago. In politics 
he i- a Republican, and although he has 
never occupied nor sought public office, he 
has always been an ardent supporter of 

tin- Republican State ami National or- 
ganizatii >ns. 




ica, California, Capitalist and ex-Senator of 
the United States, was born at The Hay by 
the River Wye, Herefordshire, England, 
close to the Welsh border, January 27, 1829, the 
son of Thomas Jones and Mary (Pugh) Jones. He 
married Hannah Cornelia Greathouse, widow of 
George Greathouse, in 1861, and they had one son, 
Roy. His first wife died in 1S71 and he married 
Georgina Frances Sullivan in 1875, and to them 
there were born three daughters, Alice, Marion 
and Georgina. 

The Jones family came to America when the 
future Senator was only two years old and set- 
tled at Cleveland, Ohio, then a town of only a few 
thousand inhabitants and known as the heart of 
the Western Reserve. He attended the public 
schools of Cleveland, and after graduating from 
the high school attended a private school for some 
time, then went to work for a shipping firm, and 
later obtained employment in a local bank. 

In 1S49, when young Jones was just twenty 
years of age, came the discovery of gold in Cali- 
fornia. The hard times following the Mexican 
War had produced great restlessness and discon- 
tent throughout the country, so that the tales of 
fabulous wealth to be found in California brought 
about the most spectacular migratory rush in the 
annals of the world. 

A number of the most adventurous young men 
of Cleveland, of whom Jones was one, organized a 
party and chartered the small bark, Eureka, of less 
than 160 tons displacement, and on September 26, 
1849, set sail for the coast of California. They 
went through the new Welland Canal, which was 
so narrow that it was necessary to trim down the 
sides of the bark in order that she might pass 
through, on down the St. Lawrence and then along 
two continents and around Cape Horn. 

The little vessel was scarcely seaworthy when 
she started, but in spite of numerous adventures 
she made the trip in safety, and in April, 1850, 
after a voyage occupying nearly nine months, 
sailed into the harbor of San Francisco. 

Of all the ship's company including the crew, 
Senator Jones is now the only survivor. 

After landing in California, he remained in 
San Francisco for a while, but before long pro- 
ceeded to the gold fields of Trinity County and 
washed gold from the sands of its streams. 
Sometimes he worked in the employ of others, but 
most of the time he was mining for himself. As 
with most of the early pioneers, small fortunes 
came and went, and throughout the vicissitudes of 
the search he managed to prove one fact of great 
value — that he possessed boldness of character 
and utter fearlessness of all consequences. He 
fought a good fight with fate, and he had to be 
ready to fight good men. He looked death In the 
face frequently enough in his contact with the 
reckless characters that peopled the goldfields. 

and he did it so unflinchingly that he was elected 
to that greatest of all offices of the early West, the 
one that carried with it the highest tribute to 
character, the office of Sheriff. He held the office 
successfully and good men respected, while bad 
men feared him. He was long remembered by the 
latter class in California. He took his dangerous 
post in the late fifties and held it until 1863. 

In 1863 he was elected to represent Shasta and 
Trinity Counties in the California State Senate, 
and was fairly started on a political career that 
continued almost without interruption for a period 
of more than forty years. He represented the two 
counties as State Senator until 1867, when he was 
nominated Lieutenant Governor on the Republican 
ticket. The ticket was defeated, but his nomina- 
tion indicated that he had become a man of power 
in the State. 

Senator Jones had in reality two parallel ca- 
reers — one in politics and the other in finance. 
In both he was more than ordinarily successful. 
Each was in a measure responsible for the other, 
because his success in business and investment 
recommended him to public office, and his clear- 
headedness in politics won the confidence of the 
men of business. 

He left California in the year 1868, just after 
his defeat for the Lieutenant Governorship, and 
went to Virginia City, Nevada, the scene of the 
magic Comstock Lode, easily the most wonderful 
treasury of wealth the world has yet unearthed 
and which made millionaires in great numbers. 
He went as Superintendent of the Crown Point 
mines, of which he was a part owner. 

The game of politics was in his blood. He had 
no sooner arrived at Virginia City than he began 
to play it with the same energy as in California. 
Nevada was really a California overflow. He knew 
all of the men of consequence personally and all 
of them knew the former Sheriff of Trinity County. 
In less than three years' time he was candidate 
for the greatest office Nevada had to give, the 
United States Senatorship. His force, popularity 
and generalship swept aside opposition and won 
him the election in 1872. 

He became known as Nevada's perpetual Sena- 
tor. He held the honor for thirty years, or rive 
terms. At every election he won easily. He gave 
Nevada an influence in the affairs of the United 
States out of all proportion to the importance of 
the State at that time. This pleased the people 
of Nevada and they kept him at Washington as 
long as he chose to stay. 

He never failed to give his support to any 
measure that promised good to the West, and 
particularly to his own State. Nevada got fully 
its share of appropriations, and with Senator Jones 
on the watch no measure that would hurt the 
Pacific States got through without a fight. He 
managed to get the Sawtelle Soldiers' Home for 
Southern California, although to persuade Con- 


gress he and his partner, Colonel R. S. Baker, 
donated three hundred acres of its site. 

For this he has the gratitude of thousands of 
old soldiers, because there, in that almost ideal 
climate, the veterans of the Civil War can have 
their lives prolonged a decade of years, and live in 
a comfort impossible in the wintry East. 

He led a successful fight for the exclusion of 
the Chinese, and thereby saved the western half 
of the continent to the white man. He has not 
always received the credit he deserves for this 
fight, as it is the opinion of many that without his 
efforts the Chinese would never have been ex- 

He himself believes that one of his most im- 
portant actions, and one most far reaching in its 
effect, was his earnest opposition to the Force 
Bill. This bill provided for the employment of the 
Federal army in the elections of the South to com- 
pel the Southerners not to interfere with the col- 
ored voters. Feeling ran high at the time, but now 
everybody realizes that the passage of such a bill 
would have precipitated another Civil War. 

He was a consistent supporter of fiat money, ac- 
cepting bimetalism as the best available compro- 
mise obtainable at the time, but basing his conten- 
tions upon the principles of a scientific currency 
dependent upon the quantitative theory of money. 
He is known as one of the most astute financiers 
in the United States and for for many years has 
been considered an authority on such matters. 

Because of his thorough understanding of the 
money question, the Senate, in 1876, appointed him 
a member of the Silver Commission, of which he 
was made chairman, and he later prepared a re- 
port for the commission, which was a fundamental 
treatise on money. In recognition of his knowledge 
of the subject, President Harrison in 1892 named 
him a delegate to the International Monetary Con- 
ference at Brussels. 

While preparing for his work at this conference 
the Senator went over the ground so thoroughly 
that his gold-silver report was characterized as the 
most conclusive documentary presentation of the 
facts that our nation has seen. At the final con- 
ference at Brussels, the Senator's argument con- 
sumed two days, and when printed reached the 
astonishing length of 200,000 words. This achieve- 
ment stamped Senator Jones as one of our leading 
financial thinkers as well as one of the great- 
est statistical authorities the country has known 
in public life. 

The Senator's mind is and always has been, 
from early years, a storehouse of statistical in- 
formation, and he has the unusual faculty of mak- 
ing columns of figures and tables tell a story as 
fascinating as a novel. 

His leading speech on money, delivered in the 
Senate, made a large volume and was a fundamen- 
tal treatise of the science of money. It is perhaps 
the most complete history and exposition of the 
quantitative theory which has ever been written 

But one of the greatest services of his public 
life was his investigation and presentation of the 
principles of protection. In 1890 he delivered in 
the Senate a treatise on the subject in a speech 
entitled, "Shall the Republic do its own work?" 
which was so convincing and fundamental that 
more than a million copies were reprinted by the 
National Republican Committee and by the Amer- 
ican Protective Tariff League and circulated 
throughout the United States. 

The personality of Senator Jones is one of the 
traditions of the United States Senate. He is a 
man of powerful physique and has kept his strength 
well into the eighties. 

His known fearlessness, the piercing quality of 
his eye and his naturally dominating appearance 
is also unusual, and few men are armed with 
such keenness of logic and such a wealth of facts. 
He was always a convincing debater, and, al- 
though he made no pretensions to oratory, he had 
a beautiful speaking voice and was a master of 
English. He was a political tactician of the high- 
est order and his opponents dreaded his resource- 

He is known to all his friends as a great wit 
and story teller and his most serious speeches are 
interspersed with illustrations so apt that they 
grip the mind more powerfully than a column of 

He used to sit for hours in the cloak room 
of the Senate surrounded by a group of his col- 
leagues, telling anecdotes and discussing questions 
of the hour. It was thus that he acquired the per- 
sonal influence which gave him so much power. 

At the time of his election to the Senate he had 
made a great fortune in mining, and during his 
long career he has always been associated with the 
mining development, not only of California and 
Nevada, but of Alaska, Mexico and Colorado. He 
was one of the original company which opened the 
great Treadwell Mine, near Juneau, Alaska. 

In addition to his mining interests he has in- 
vested largely in real estate, and still owns several 
large ranches. 

In 1875 he laid out the town of Santa Monica, 
on the San Vicente Rancho, which he owned in 
partnership with Col. R. S. Baker. He built the 
first railroad from Los Angeles to Santa Monica, 
intending to continue it to Independence. Subse- 
quently this road was sold to the Southern Pacific. 
He has now disposed of most of his interests 
around Santa Monica, but still lives in the old 
homestead there which the family has occupied 
for twenty years. 

He has belonged to innumerable clubs in Ne- 
vada, San Francisco, New York, Washington and 
Los Angeles and retains his membership in several 
of them. 

Although January 27, 1912, was his eighty-third 
birthday, he is still an active man, taking a keen 
interest in the affairs of the world. 

Ed. Note : Senator Jones was called by death Nov. 27. 1912 



fornia State Highway Engineer, Sacramento, 
Cal., was born at Cambridge, Mass., Jan- 
uary 19, 1872, the son of Rud Hesseltine 
and Rebecca Caroline (Wyman) Fletcher. Mr. 
Fletcher traces his ancestry back to the best New 
England blood, one of his ancestors being Francis 
Wyman, who settled at Woburn, Mass., in 1640, and 
another the famous Governor Simon Bradstreet 
of Colonial Massachusetts, one of the stalwart 
Puritan leaders who helped 
make American Col- 
onial history. On his pater- 
nal side he is of the ninth 
generation from Robert 
Fletcher of Concord, Mass., 
1630, and John Kelly of New- 
bury, Mass., 1635. 

Mr. Fletcher married 
Ethel Hovey at Cambridge, 
Mass., March 1, 1894. They 
have one child, Dorothy. 

Mr. Fletcher attended the 
public and college prepara- 
tory schools of Cambridge, 
entering Harvard University, 
where he was graduated in 
1893 -with the Degree of 
Bachelor of Science, cum 
laude, in civil engineering. 
He has been engaged in the 
construction and maintenance 
of highways ever since. His 
first position after leaving 
college was as secretary and 
chief executive officer of the 
Massachusetts Highway 
Commission, which body was 
engaged in the planning and 

construction of a system of State highways, and 
from 1900 to 1910 he served as the Chief Engineer 
of that Commission. During his period of service 
of sixteen and one-half years in Massachusetts he 
also acted as secretary of the Massachusetts High- 
way Association. 

In December, 1909, Mr. Fletcher removed to 
California, becoming secretary-engineer of the San 
Diego County Highway Commission, engaged in 
the construction of a system of county highways 
for that county under a bond issue of $1,250,000. 
The system of roads in that county were laid out 
and many of them completed in the year and a 
half that followed, the period during which Mr. 
Fletcher remained in that service Much of the 
heavy detail of that work, in addition to the en- 
gineering, devolved upon him. 

In August, inn, Mr. Fletcher was appointed 
State Highway Engineer of California, which of- 
fice he has since held. He is engaged as chief 
engineer and executive officer of the California 
Highway Commission in the construction of the 


California State highways under a bond issue of 
$18,000,000 voted by the people. When these roads 
are completed California will have the finest State 
highway system in the United States. The scheme 
calls for the construction of about 3000 miles of 
main highway connecting the important centers of 
population with each other and with lateral roads 
to such county seats as are not otherwise served by 
the main lines. The duties of the highway en- 
gineer are multifarious and his responsibilities 

Before removing to Cali- 
fornia Mr. Fletcher was, in 
1908, appointed by the Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts to 
represent that State at the 
First International Road Con- 
gress at Paris. Probably the 
most important gathering of 
its kind the world has ever 
known, this body discussed 
the general highway problem 
of all the countries of the 
globe. Its deliberations 
aroused much public interest. 
In 1!»13 Mr. Fletcher was 
appointed by Hiram W. John- 
son, Governor of California, 
to represent that State at the 
Third International Road 
Congress at London, Eng- 
land. This body's delibera- 
tions will result in many im- 
provements in the art of road 
building. Mr. Fletcher was 
one of the most prominent 
delegates at this congress. 
In 1906, at the request of 
the director of the office of 
Public Roads, United States Department of Agri- 
culture, Mr. Fletcher wrote a small brochure on the 
subject of "Macadam Roads." This was published 
as Bulletin No. 29 and several hundred thousand 
copies were printed and distributed throughout the 
United States and in leading cities all over the 

Mr. Fletcher has also written many articles 
on his specialty which have been printed in the 
technical journals. 

Mr. Fletcher is a member of the American So- 
ciety of Civil Engineers, Director of American So- 
ciety for Highway Improvement, Director American 
Road Makers' Association, honorary member Massa- 
chusetts Highway Association, member Boston So- 
ciety of Civil Engineers, Engineers' Club of Boston, 
American Society for Municipal Improvements, 
Am. iic mi Society for 'he Promotion of Engineering 
Education, international Association of Road Con- 
gresses and has been associated in some way with 
practically every other recognized engineering or- 
ganization throughout the country. 


Superior Court, Madera, California, was 
born near Coulterville, Mariposa County, 
Cal., July 17, 1866, the son of Matthew and 
Margaret A. (Ryan) Conley. Judge Conley's 
father was a California pioneer who crossed the 
plains in the early days and settled in Mariposa 
County. Judge Conley married Miss Emma Bedesen 
July 19, 1893, at Merced, California. They have 
two sons, Philip R. Conley and Matthew M. Conley. 

Judge Conley attended 
the public schools of Merced 
until December, 1882. He 
then entered Stockton Col- 
lege, from which he was 
graduated in 1884. For four 
years, from 1885 to 1889, he 
was a school teacher in Mer- 
ced and Butte Counties, Cal. 
In the latter year, though 
but twenty-three years of 
age, he was appointed chief 
deputy assessor of Merced 
County, an office that en- 
tailed many important and 
responsible duties involving 
the valuation of property in 
the county. He remained in 
this office until January 1, 
1891. Early in 1891 Judge 
Conley was admitted to prac- 
tice law in the courts of the 
State, having prepared him- 
self for the legal profession 
while in the office of the as- 
sessor. In January, 1891, he 
opened an office for the prac- 
tice of law -at Merced. His 
success was notable from the 

first and he attained a prominent place in the 
political and civic affairs of the community. In 
1892 Mr. Conley made his first run for public of- 
fice, being nominated in that year for District At- 
torney of Merced County on the Democratic ticket. 
His popularity in the county may be garnered from 
the fact that, although but twenty-six years old 
at the time he made this campaign for the office 
of public prosecutor, he was defeated by only 
ninety-one votes. 

Judge Conley removed to Fresno County in De- 
cember, 1892, and assisted in the organization of 
Madera County. On May 16, 1893, he was elected as 
the first Superior Court Judge of the county. He was 
twenty-six years old when elevated to the bench, 
becoming the youngest man ever elected to sit in 
a court of record in California. November 6, 1894, 
he was re-elected to this office. In August, 1898, 
he was nominated by the Democratic State Con- 
vention of California for Associate Justice of the 
Supreme Court of that State. After a strenuous 
campaign, in which there were nine candidates 


supported by the Silver Republicans and the Peo- 
ple's Party conventions, Judge Conley was de- 
feated by a small majority by his Republican op- 
ponent, that party carrying the State by an over- 
whelming majority. In 1900 he was re-elected Judge 
of the Superior Court of Madera County. In 1904 
Judge Conley was chosen as the Democratic nom- 
inee for Congress from the Sixth California Dis- 
trict. This was the year Roosevelt so overwhelm- 
ingly swept the country on the Republican ticket. 
Despite the heavy vote for 
that party in California, 
Judge Conley ran 4000 votes 
ahead of his ticket. In 1899 
Judge Conley received the 
complimentary vote of the 
Democratic minority in the 
California Legislature for the 
office of U. S. Senator. 

In 1906 Judge Conley was 
again re-elected Judge of the 
Superior Court of Madera 
County. One of the highest 
men in the councils of the 
Democratic party in the 
State, Judge Conley took a 
leading part, as far as the 
judicial dignity of his office 
would allow, in directing the 
affairs of the organization 
and in gathering to the fold 
the best men in the State. 
In 1908 he was elected dele- 
gate at large from California 
to the National Democratic 
Convention at Denver, and 
took a leading part in the de- 
liberations of that body. In 
1912 he was once more chosen 
to fill the post he has for years so creditably held. 
During his career on the bench Judge Conley 
has decided numerous cases of great importance in- 
volving large sums of money or property rights. 
Many of his decisions and opinions have become a 
part of the juridic system of the State. His rulings 
have been invariably upheld by the appellate courts. 
Judge Conley has held court in more counties in 
the State than any other judge on the Superior 
bench, upon the invitation of his colleagues in other 
counties or on the designation of the Governor. 
Judge Conley was prominently mentioned in 1914 
as the candidate of his party for the Chief Justice- 
ship of the California Supreme Court. Friends and 
supporters, leading citizens of the State, urged the 
candidacy upon him. He was considered to be the 
strongest man in his party for that post, but failed 
to attain the victory. 

He is Past Grand President of the Native Sons 
of the Golden West. He is an active member of 
the Elks, Eagles, Knights of Pythias, Woodmen of 
the World and the Madera County Club. 



HUFF, THOMAS DIVEN, Lawyer, Chicago, 
Illinois, was born at Eldora, Iowa, January 
9, 1872, the son of Henry Lewis and Eliza- 
beth (Diven) Huff. He married Ethelyn K. 
Allen August 18, 1903. at Helena, Montana. The 
issue of the marriage are Emorie Cannon Huff 
and Lewis Stevenson Huff. 

From the years of his earliest youth Mr. Huff 
was surrounded with influences that pointed the 
way for his subsequent career as a member of the 
legal profession. His father 
had already achieved fame as 
a distinguished and able law- 
yer when Mr. Huff began his 
preliminary studies under his 

Mr. Huff spent his child- 
hood days at Eldora, where 
he attended the grammar and 
high schools. He later at- 
tended the academy and col- 
lege at Grinnell, Iowa. Be- 
tween school terms he worked 
in his father's office, acquir- 
ing much knowledge and the 
high standard of legal ethics 
that has always distinguished 
his practice of the legal pro- 
fession. In 1893 he went to 
Chicago and entered North- 
western University Law 
School, from which he was 
graduated in 1895 with the 
degree of LL. B. 

His first work in Chicago 
was with Thomas J. Diven, 
with whom he remained asso- 
ciated until 1903; and also 
during such period was asso- 
ciated with Horace Wright Cook, under the firm 
name of Huff and Cook, which co-partnership con- 
tinued for seventeen years, until 1911, when it was 
enlarged, Joseph Slottow becoming a member of the 
firm, under the firm name of Huff, Cook & Slottow. 

Mr. Huff began his practice at a time when 
American business was assuming such proportions 
that the formation of corporations for the better 
conduct of business and the handling of vast capi- 
tal was becoming a necessity. The center of 
much of this new form of commercial organization 
was in Chicago and he was one of the first young 
attorneys to realize the fact that the lawyer of 
thai day could make himself invaluable by aiding 
business to so organize that it could operate with 
all the increased facilities that greater and more 
perfect organization could give. 

It was with this object in view that he first 
made a careful study of tin- subject of corporation 
law and delved into the intricacies of that subject 
with the purpose of acquiring an Intimate knowl- 
edge of its every detail. 

From the very beginning of active practice Mr 


Huff has specialized in corporation law. and pres- 
ently is considered one of the leading authorities 
on this branch of the law in the United States, and 
consequently is retained by other lawyers to as- 
sist in corporate matters of every nature. As an 
individual attorney he has assisted in the organiza- 
tion of more corporations than any lawyer in Chi- 
cago. He is recognized by the bar as an authority 
on corporate organization and management, and 
frequently retained as associate counsel in that 

Mr. Huff is one of the 
ablest trial lawyers in Chi- 
cago and has been retained 
in many notable cases. He 
had largely to do with the 
construction of the present 
revenue laws of Illinois, and 
has served as counsel in 
many bondholders and re- 
organization committees of 
large public utilities and in- 
dustrial corporations. 

Mr. Huff is Illinois Editor 
of "The Corporation Man- 
ual," which is published in 
New York City. He is 
Western Counsel and a di- 
rector of the United States 
Corporation Company of New- 
York, which corporation has 
an office in everv State of 
the United States, the prov- 
inces of Canada, the Latin- 
American countries and the 
principal countries of 
Europe, and is engaged in 
pi tJTTxrp the business of organizing 

and representing corporations 
in all of the same, and therefore his business is 
more or less international. He is also a direc- 
tor and secretary and treasurer of the George 
W. Stoneman Company, besides being a di- 
rector and stockholder in numerous other cor- 
porations. He is associate counsel to Messrs. 
Johnson, Galston & Leavenworth of New York, 
probably the leading Latin-American lawyers of 
the 1'nited States. He has also served as assist- 
ant corporation counsel of the City of Evanston, 

Although a member of the Republican party. 
Mr. Huff's legal duties have always been so mul- 
tifarious as to preclude him from accepting politi- 
cal office of any kind, although frequently offered 
him, Me is a member of tin' Chicago I tar Asso- 
ciation, Illinois State Bar Association, Chicago 
Law institute and Commercial Law League of 
America. He is also a member of the Hamilton 
Club of Chicago, and Evanston Club of Evanston; 
also of many societies and civic associations He 
resides with his family In Evanston, a suburb of 



COL. M. E. I'( 1ST 



POST, MORTON EVEREL, Capitalist, Los 
Angeles, California, was born on a farm not 
far from Rochester, New York, on Christ- 
mas Day, 1840, the son of Morton A. and 
Mary Post. The first of the Post family who set- 
tled in America came to Vermont before the Revo- 
lutionary War. Their ancestors were English as 
far back as there is any record of the family. 
In this country they were active in the development 
of New England and members were prominent in 
Colonial affairs. 

Mr. Post received his early schooling at the 
Academic school in Medina, Orleans County, New 
York. Later he took the course at the High 
School in Medina and graduated there. This prac- 
tically completed his schooling in educational insti- 
tutions. His knowledge of men and affairs, which 
has enabled him to amass two fortunes and to hold 
his own in the halls of Congress among the brilliant 
men of the nation, was acquired, like that of many 
other notable Americans, in the school of actual 

After graduating from High School Mr. Post 
tarried but a short time under the paternal roof. 
The call of the West was strong in the land when 
he reached his twentieth year and, harkening to 
the lure of the great mountains and plains and the 
possibility of fortune that lay therein, in 1860, he 
left home and made his way by rail to the Mis- 
souri River, which was then practically the frontier. 
His first work was to hire out with a man en- 
gaged in extensive overland freighting. Freighting 
across the plains in those early days was, as one 
can well imagine, an extremely hazardous under- 
taking and demanded all the courage and foresight 
one possessed. But, despite his youth, Mr. Post 
was put in charge of an outfit, at a salary of fifty 
dollars per month. He led his wagon train from 
the Missouri River to Denver and back again in 
safety, undergoing all the extreme perils and trials 
of that period. When he was twenty-one he took 
up freighting on his own account. This was at the 
time that the Pony Express was making history on 
the plains. And, in many of the exciting events 
that occurred almost every day at that period, Mr. 
Post's interests demanded that he take part. 

Prom that time until 1867 he continued in the 
freighting business uninterruptedly, crossing the 
plains twenty-two times in all. One of his jour- 
neys during this period was an overland trip to 
Montana, in 1864, with a four-horse outfit, the trip 
requiring three months. Arrived at Virginia City, 
he disposed of his outfit and secured an interest 
iii a mine at German Bar, below Nevada City. 
This proved to be a good property and Mr. Post 
bought out his partners. After operating it for 
some months he accepted a tempting price from 
a party of Californians and sold the mine, realizing 
a handsome profit. In the settlement Mr. Post 
was paid in gold dust. This was at a time when 
road agents were exeeedingly active and he found 

it necessary to exercise every precaution in get- 
ting his treasure to safety. 

Mr. Post relates an interesting incident in con- 
nection with the gold he received in payment for 
his mining property. On the trip out to the mines 
he was approached at one of their night camps by 
a gambler who stated that he had had trouble with 
the outfit he was traveling with and was broke. 
He asked Mr. Post to carry him on to the mines, 
which he did. Later on, after Mr. Post had oper- 
ated and disposed of his mining property and re- 
entered the freighting business, he was preparing 
an outfit to make the journey east, carrying along 
the gold dust, when this gambler of the out trip 
came to him and, exacting a promise of secrecy, 
called Mr. Post's attention to certain peculiar chalk 
marks on the rear axel of the wagon, which had 
been placed there by road agents, marking the 
wagon as one carrying treasure and to be held up 
and robbed at some point further on the way. 
Warned, however, Mr. Post avoided the hold-up by 
joining his outfit with another large one, with 
which he journeyed to a point beyond which there 
was practically no danger. Had it not been for the 
gambler's warning, Mr. Post would have undoubt- 
edly lost his gold and there would have been blood 
spilled on both sides. Thus a gambler paid a debt 
to Mr. Post that had never been entered on the 
latter's books and had long since passed out of his 

During these heroic days on the plains Mr. Post 
made the acquaintance and warm friendship of the 
great Indian fighters, Generals Crook and Merritt. 
It was at this time that the Indian history of the 
great plains was being enacted. The road agents and 
outlaws, whose names have since passed into the 
history of the West, were then in the midst of 
their activities, and every journey between the 
Missouri River and the Pacific Coast was fraught 
with the greatest danger. In 1865, while freight- 
ing from Atchison to Denver, Mr. Post's outfit 
was attacked by a band of about one hundred In- 
dians. In the running fight that followed, nine 
out of thirteen men in his outfit were wounded 
and one was killed. His driver gone, Mr. Post 
grasped the lines and in a furious drive, with the 
bullets of the Indians' rifles peppering the wagons, 
he managed to reach a road ranch five miles away. 

In the fall of 1866 he went to North Platte, Ne- 
braska, then the terminus of the Union Pacific 
railroad, and, in furtherance of his freighting busi- 
ness, opened up a forwarding house. 

In July. 1867, Mr. Post joined the rush to 
Wyoming. He drove overland from Julesburg to 
Cheyenne. After reaching Cheyenne, he made his 
way to Denver, secured a supply of lumber and, 
returning with it to Cheyenne, completed the first 
mercantile house ever built in that city. For four 
years he ran a store there, later taking over the 
Postoffice. His business affairs grew to large di- 
mensions and he made Investments in rattle and 
acquired banking interests of much importance Bj 



the year 1S85 he was rated a millionaire and was 
one of the leading men in the financial and business 
activities of the territory. 

Mr. Post was one of the first men in Wyom- 
ing to attempt to put new life into the live- 
stock industry, which had by the year 1881 
began to retrograde. The heavy winters had 
played havoc with the sheep, while the horses 
thrived on the succulent grass they were able 
to get at through the snow. Mr. Post 
gave up his sheep flocks in 1881 and estab- 
lished a horse ranch, bringing into the State the 
best Percheron stallions he could buy and, cross- 
ing them with high-class mares, had by the year 
1886 succeeded in improving the breed to an extent 
that quickly attracted the eye of Eastern investors. 
He fenced in miles and miles of land for the 
horses to graze on and succeeded within five 
years in establishing a model stock farm. In 
1886 Charles and John Arbuckle, the coffee mag- 
nates, and H. K. Thurber, the millionaire New 
York grocer, purchased this farm and the stock 
that was on it for a half million dollars. 

For twelve years Mr. Post took a leading part 
in Democratic politics in Wyoming. From 1878 
to 1880 he served in the upper branch of the Ter- 
ritorial Legislature. In 1881 he was elected a 
delegate to Congress from Wyoming and served 
until 1885, when he declined a unanimous renom- 
ination. In 1888 came the financial crash that fol- 
lowed the big storm catastrophe in which fifty 
millions of dollars' worth of cattle were swept 
away and which wrecked, financially, many there- 
tofore wealthy men of the Territory. He then went 
to Ogden, Utah, and engaged in the real estate 
business for a while. In 1890 he made a trip to 
Europe, and, returning, went to Salt Lake City, 
where he became interested in mining, and for the 
next five years he mined in Utah, from where he 
went to California. 

In 1895 George D. Havens, with whom Mr. Post 
was interested in mining ventures in Utah and 
who was the owner of three hundred acres of land at 
Cucamonga, Cal., to which he had given little thought 
and in which he had little confidence or hope of 
a future, induced Mr. Post to accompany him to 
that place to assist in untangling the accounts 
of a manager who was running the rancho. 
Despite Havens' skepticism, Mr. Post at once be- 
came a firm believer in the valley s future. Unin- 
viting and unfilled as the vast stretches of land 
were, Mr. Post saw in them the possible foundation 
of a great industry. The peace of the valley and its 
sunny skies gave him back the courage that had 
won so much for him in the early vicissitudes and 
perils of the plains. He remained with Havens for 
two months and when the latter, anxious to return 
to his mining interests in Utah, offered to lease Mr. 
Post the place for a term of five years with an op- 
tion to purchase, the latter promptly accepted the 
chance, for he was practically penniless. 

Then he stripped off his coat and went to 
work. Past fifty-five, in the evening of his life, 
when most men have generally given up the strug- 
gle, he took hold with the vim and determination 
that had marked his whole career. After years 

in big business, two terms at Washington as dele- 
gate from Wyoming and mingling intimately with 
the leading statesmen at the National Capital, he 
bent his back beside his ranch hands and began 
the task of making the vineyard the great insti- 
tution he dreamed of. 

At the end of five years Mr. Post had acquired 
several additional parcels of land which had for 
years been lying dormant for want of cultivation. 
These became part of the present vineyard. Per- 
severance and faith soon began to tell and little by 
little the tracts grew to the present one thousand 
magnificent acres. 

But his faith in the valley was not confined 
to the land which he himself had put under cul- 
tivation. Away from home he preached the gos- 
pel of Cucamonga and never missed an opportu- 
nity to bring settlers to what he considered one 
of the most fertile spots in all California. He it 
was who first brought to the attention of Secondo 
Guasti the vast grape and wine possibilities of 
Cucamonga, which has resulted in the establish- 
ment of the Italian Vineyards with four thousand 
acres of land under grape cultivation. The cul- 
mination of Mr. Post's successful battle came in 
1910 when the Mission Vineyard Winery, one of 
the most artistic industrial plants in Southern 
California, was completed. 

Mr. Post has not confined his land development 
activities to Cucamonga alone. In 1901, in asso- 
ciation with another party, he purchased on his 
good name and credit, for at that time he was 
still struggling to make good at Cucamonga, 2800 
acres of land at Loma Vista from the Bixby fam- 
ily. This land was located between Howard Sum- 
mit and Inglewood. By 1910 this tract had been 
disposed of at a handsome profit and has made 
homes for hundreds of happy families. 

In June, 1914, Mr. Post purchased the George 
C. Fetterman orange groves at Alhambra, this 
transaction running up into a quarter of a mil- 
lion of dollars. Three hundred and twenty acres 
of alfalfa land in Imperial Valley was part of the 
consideration Mr. Post turned over for this valu- 
able parcel. The grove, covering sixty acres, is 
one of the best developed and most beautiful in 
Southern California. Lying in the heart of Al- 
hambra, it has paved streets, curbs, sidewalks, 
ornamental electric street lamps, gas, electricity 
and city water, and in addition a pumping and 
power plant of its own which has a capacity of 
more than eighty inches of water. 

Mr. Post, who has recovered much of the sev- 
eral fortunes which he had earlier made and lost, 
has many other important interests in California. 
He has been one of the leading factors in fostering 
the olive industry of this State, being vice president 
of the American Olive Company. 

He resides at the Jonathan Club, Los Angeles, 
and maintains a country home on Havens Avenue, 
a few hundred feet from his Mission Vineyard. 
Here he dispenses lavish hospitality. This home, 
also built on the mission style, with a Spanish 
garden and an old-fashioned wall of cement bring- 
ing up the rear, is one of the prettiest rural 
dwellings in that part of the State. 



ROBERTSON, JOHN DILL, Physician and 
Surgeon, Commissioner of Health, Chicago, 
Illinois, was born at Mechanicsburg, In- 
diana County, Pennsylvania, March 8, 1871, 
the son of Thomas Sanderson and Melinda M. 
(McCurdy) Robertson. Dr. Robertson married Miss 
Bessie M. Foote at Victor, Colo., June 15, 1899. 
There has been born to the marriage one son, 
Thomas Sanderson Robertson. 

Dr. Robertson bears the unique distinction of 
being one of the very few 
members of the medi- 
cal profession who, com- 
ing from the oosom of the 
common people, and 
forced to battle every foot 
of the way, has achieved dis- 
tinction and success and has 
at the same time remained 
free from, and unaffected by, 
the reactionary and exclu- 
sive spirit of medical prac- 
tice and professional prece- 
dent. As a surgeon he ranks 
with the most skilled prac- 
titioners and instructors in 
the country. 

His belief in and defense 
of the contention that the 
medical profession belongs to 
the people is a reflection of 
his own career. The success 
he has achieved he believes 
possible to others and insists 
that the door be left open to 
them. From his earliest 
youth, Dr. Robertson has 
been inured to the doctrine 
of toil. Every successive 

step in his career has marked a triumph over ob- 
stacles that began almost from his childhood. His 
first schooling he received in the public schools of 
his native State. In early youth he worked his 
way to Nebraska and became a train dispatcher. The 
little town of McCook was the scene of his first 
struggles for the necessities of life, and from the 
days of that first "job" until the present, when he 
has won a fixed position as a member of his profes- 
sion, Dr. Robertson has battled every foot of the 
way While attending to his railroading duties he 
managed to find time to continue his school work 
in a measure, always planning and hoping for the 
opportunity to further his studies and eventually 
find for himself a place in one of the professions. 

In the year 1893 he entered Bennett Medical 
College. He pursued the course of study at this 
institution for three years and in 1896 received his 
degree of M. D. Immediately upon graduating he 
accepted a position as interne at the Cook County 
Hospital, acquiring there a knowledge of practical 
surgery that later became the foundation fur his 

|( >II.\ I). R( >BERTS< ).\ 

success in that branch of medicine. Since that 
time he has been almost continuously connected 
with that institution, being for a number of years 
one of the principal attending surgeons there. 
With the end of his service as interne, he began 
the practice of medicine in Chicago, soon acquir- 
ing a reputation as one of the most skilled prac- 
titioners in the city. In 1905 he was elected Presi- 
dent of Bennett Medical College, the medical de- 
partment of Loyola University, and has held that 
high office ever since. He 
is also Professor of the 
Practice of Surgery at 
Bennett and scores of his 
pupils and disciples are num- 
bered among the suc- 
cessful physicians and sur- 
geons of Chicago and the 
Middle West. 

Dr. Robertson has for 
some years been Surgeon-in- 
Chief of the Jefferson Park 
Policlinic H o s p it a 1. His 
multifarious duties at Ben- 
nett, Jefferson Park and his 
large practice have given 
him a range of experience 
and a contact with human 
nature that has resulted in 
his acceptance by his fellow 
practitioners as one of the 
leading medical authorities in 
the State. He has also won 
the unstinted praise of the 
profession for his executive 
and administrative ability in 
managing and maintaining 
both college and hospital. 
To his professional duties 
has been added the task of funding these institu- 
tions and his success in keeping them clear of 
debt marks him as an executive of much ability. 
The appointment of Dr. Robertson as City 
Health Commissioner, by the newly-elected Mayor, 
William Hale Thompson, assures the city of the 
services of a skilled physician and hygienist who 
is at the same time fully equipped both by train- 
ing and mentality to handle the myriad duties of 
so vast a department as that charged with pro- 
tecting the health of the millions residing in the 
city of Chicago. Dr. Robertson has never been a 
faddist in medicine, always standing for a sane 
enforcement of sanitary laws. He is a firm be- 
liever that if the people are properly educated 
to care for their own health that they can be safely 
dependent upon to protect the same. This is his pol- 
icy in the administration of the health department. 
Dr. Robertson is a member of the Chicago, and 
Illinois State Medical Societies, and of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association. He is also a member of 
the Hamilton Club, Chicago. 



California, was born in San Jose, Cali- 
fornia, February 8, 1871, the son of Peter 
and Mary (Cunan) Doyle. He married 
Adelaide Lawler, in San Francisco, November 2, 
1904. To this union there has been born seven 
children, Mary Bernadette, William Lawler, Peter 
Downs, Adelaide Catherine Louise, Patricia and 
Wilhelmina Doyle. 

Mr. Doyle was educated in the public schools 
of San Jose. On the comple- 
tion of his studies there he 
entered the State Normal 
School. Here he took the 
regular course and also took 
up work in the California 
School of Elocution and Ora- 
tory in connection with his 
normal school studies. He 
received his diploma from 
the former in May, 1890, and 
from the Normal School the 
following month. 

Scarcely had he finished 
his schooling than he found 
himself in the latter part of 
1890, back in his home town 
as a teacher in the public 
schools. For several years 
he was instructor in various 
public school classes in San 
Jose and its suburbs and 
was a well known public fig- 
ure in the city until 1896, 
when he left San Jose for 
Castroville, Monterey Coun- 
ty, California. In that city 
he was instructor in the 
public schools for nearly 

seven years but immediately after removing there 
he saw that the possible future along educational 
lines was limited at best, and the remuneration 
small, and therefore began the study of law. 

The greatness of his task did not deter him. 
With nerve-trying work to occupy him during the 
day, he spent what spare time he had at night 
wrestling alone and unassisted with the problems 
of law as set forth in books he had managed to 
obtain from libraries and friends. The process 
was a slow one but Mr. Doyle was painstaking 
and never passed a problem until he thoroughly 
understood it. In spite of his application to the 
complex study of law he never at any time let it 
interfere with teaching. His work along educa- 
tional lines was of such a successful nature that 
it brought attention to him and two years after 
he went to Castroville he became President of the 
County Board of Education. For five years he was 
active in improving the school system in his ter- 
ritory. Toward the early part of 1903 he vigor- 
ously set about summarizing his long self-tutored 


course in legal procedure, preparatory to taking 
the examination for admission vo the bar. This 
aim was realized in 1903, when he gave up educa- 
tional work and left Castroville for San Francisco. 
There he established law offices in the Mills 
Building. Clients came slowly at first, but within 
three years Mr. Doyle was making a success of his 
profession and had a rapidly growing clientele. 
Just when it seemed he was established com- 
fortably in professional life with reasonable pros- 
pects ahead of him, the fire 
of 1906 swept San Francisco, 
devastating everything in its 
path, including all of Mr. 
Doyle's law books, his legal 
papers, account books and 
office furniture. This brought 
h i m to w here he had 
started in life, but he was far 
from disheartened. With the 
same courageous spirit that 
characterized the awakening 
and rehabilitation of San 
Francisco following the dis- 
aster, he set up modest of- 
fices in the mushroom city and 
again began the practice of 
law. During the years of 
1906 and 1907, however, San 
Francisco citizens, u n d e i 
heavy debt, could ill afford 
to spend money in litigation. 
Accordingly, seeing the ne- 
cessity of a change, Mr. 
Doyle moved to Los Angeles 
in 1908. 

He selected the scene for 
his future operation wisely 
for Los Angeles had begun 
to attract homeseekers from far and near, busi- 
ness was booming, new corporations were enter- 
ing the field, and the nature of the city and its 
inhabitants offered a wide field for law practice. 
Mr. Doyle during his early career had specialized 
in the study of corporation law and he made this 
his specialty in Los Angeles. He met with suc- 
cess almost at once owing to the number of new 
corporations and companies entering the commer- 
cial field in Los Angeles. In a short time he had 
a large practice. He was retained as chief counsel 
for several large corporations in California, 
Nevada and Arizona, for his ability in mastering 
important details has tended to make him almost 
indispensable to a company or corporation after 
he has once tendered his services in a legal ca- 

Since 190S, Mr. Doyle's practice has been stead- 
ily growing and he is permanently established in 
Los Angeles. 

He is a member of the Sierra Madre and Gamut 



TAYLOR, J. W. E., Production and Efficiency 
Engineer, San Francisco and Los Angeles, 
California, is a native of the State of Texas. 
He married Charlotte Lewis of Colorado 
Springs, Colorado, in 1901. 

Mr. Taylor completed graduate and post grad- 
uate work in 1S91, and entered immediately upon 
his work as an engineer on railroad location and 
construction in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Mex- 
ico and Central America. He also served under 
student system in steam road 
operation and maintenance 
departments. He was en- 
gaged on special investiga- 
tion and report work in South 
America and the Orient. 
This work included trips into 
the upper Amazon, Nitrate 
fields of Chile and the upper 

Mr. Taylor then went to 
California where, until 1902, 
he was engineer for the 
Clark and Sherman interests 
which included the pioneer 
electric interurban transpor- 
tation development of the Pa- 
cific Coast. 

From 1902 to 1905 Mr. 
Taylor was Principal Assis- 
tant Engineer (Assistant 
Chief Engineer) for the Hunt- 
ington companies, construc- 
tors and operators of the Pa- 
cific Electric Railway and af- 
filiated corporation properties 
in California. 

In 1905 Mr. Taylor entered 
into private practice in San 
Francisco, and continued in this until the fire 
there in April, 1906. During this period he handled 
the construction organization on sugar factory de- 
velopment in the Colorado field, and efficiency re- 
organization on the electric railways in the Cripple 
Creek district in Colorado; also, reorganization of 
construction and operation forces on the con- 
solidation of those departments for the Colorado 
Springs & Cripple Creek District Railway, the Mid- 
land Terminal Railway and the Florence & Cripple 
Creek Railway. 

During 1906-1907 Mr. Taylor's work consisted 
of the organization of the engineering and con- 
struction departments of the United Railways. 
Portland, Oregon; reorganization of construction 
and operating forces on railroad and power devel- 
opment in Guatemala, C. A.; and reorganization, 
engineering and preliminary work on a railroad on 
the west coast of Mexico. 

In 1907 Mr. Taylor had charge of the organiza- 
tion and construction work for the Electric and 
Hydraulic Company, Eastern Colorado Power Com- 
pany and the Central Colorado Power Company, 


He also designed construction and organization for 
development and operation of the Wooton Land and 
Fuel Company's coal mines in Colorado. This in- 
cluded the opening up of mines, the construction 
of a steam power plant, electric haulage, and two 
one thousand six hundred ton rotary coal tipples 
and the development of an industrial town. This 
work occupied him until 1910. 

During 1910 and 1911 he reorganized the con- 
struction forces for the Mount Hood Railway and 
Power Company in Ore- 
gon, and during 1911-1912 
he had charge of the or- 
ganization and construction 
of Blewett's Falls Hydro- 
El e c t r i c development in 
North Carolina. In 1912 and 
1913 he was chief engineer for 
the Great Western Power 
Company of California, and in 
1913 became chief engineer 
for the Oro Electric Corpora- 
tion of California on engineer- 
ing and construction organi- 

In 1914, after several 
years' study of the problems 
involved in the development 
of syndicate farming and pop- 
ular colonization, Mr. Taylor 
again entered into private 
practice on organization 
work, efficiency and produc- 
tion engineering. His time is 
given only to special coloniza- 
tion and syndicate or whole- 
sale development of farm 

Mr. Taylor is the author 
of a number of articles on special phases in his pro- 
fession, which have appeared from time to time in 
technical journals, and publications he has is- 
sued for the carrying on of his work. His 
writings have been chiefly on efficiency and pro- 
duction. He has issued a number of mono- 
graphs and treatises on field accounting and field 
organization, standardizing this branch of the work, 
and has specialized in the handling, feeding and 
housing of construction forces, and in the reor- 
ganization and operating of construction plants and 
works. He has made special study and effort in 
the application of the gas prime mover as a factor 
in the economics of construction transportation. 

Mr. Taylor's theories of the workings of the 
personal equation and the application of the golden 
rule in the handling of men do not go into radical 
extremes hut ratln-r tend to the development of thr 
greatest individual personal interest and effort. 
Besides his membership in leading technical 
and professional organizations, he is a member 
of the Jonathan Club of Los Angeles and the Bo- 
hemlan Club of 3an Francisco 





Merchant, Investments, Los Angeles, Cal., 
was born at Salem, Mass., May 10, 1832, the 
son of James Rice and Susan (Mansfield) 
Buffum. Mr. Buffum's ancestry traces back to a 
notable line of New England forbears who have 
indelibly stamped their names on the history of 
the British colonies in America and the early period 
of the United States. The family record forms an 
important chapter in the annals of Rhode Island, 
the first member of the family taking up his abode 
there soon after Roger Williams established the 
first settlement. During the Revolutionary War 
period Mr. Buffum's progenitors were among the 
first to take up arms in the struggle for inde- 
pendence. Mr. Buffum's great grandfather was 
Lieutenant Benjamin Bates, who, in 1778, was given 
a commission by the Continental Congress as a 
lieutenant in the navy of the newly banded colonies. 
The original commission issued to "Benjamin Bates, 
Gentleman," forms one of the interesting docuncnts 
in the notable archives now in the possession of 
the Buffum family. Lieutenant Bates served his 
country gallantly throughout the struggle and sev- 
eral important engagements in which he took part 
are recorded in the treasured annals of the nation's 
early sea fighters. On the maternal side, Mr. 
Buffum is a descendant of the Mansfields of New 
Hampshire, who were among the early settlers in 
that State, and one of whom became Governor of 
the commonwealth. 

Mr. Buffum married Miss Rebecca Evans of 
Smithfield, Fayette County, Penn., Sepi ember j7, 
1864, at Los Angeles, Cal. To this union there were 
born two sons, Asa Mansfield Buffum (deceased) 
and one son who died in infancy. Mrs. Buffum, 
to whose loyalty and uncomplaining share in the 
hardships of the early pioneer days in California 
her husband often paid high tribute, is a de- 
scendant of the Brownfields of Pennsylvania, to 
whom King George III granted a vast estate in 
that State, afterwards known as George's Town- 
ship. Col. Thomas Brownfield, to whom the orig- 
inal grant was made, was with Genet al Braddock 
during the famous massacre at Fort Pitt in the 
French and Indian Wars. During the Revolutionary 
War he remained loyal to Great Britain and 
throughout that struggle commanded a Scotch regi- 
ment. His descendants and collateral kin have 
spread through the States of Pennsylvania, In- 
diana and Ohio. 

Mr. Buffum received his early education in the 
public schools at Salem, Mass. There he remained 
until he was fifteen years of age. In quaint old 
Salem, the historic scene of the colonial witch- 
craft episode, Mr. Buffum was reared as a young 
man, among surroundings that gave a most roman- 
tic beginning to his subsequent adventurous career. 
Mr. Buffum's father was engaged in the publishing 
business in Salem. His personal friend and col- 
league was Nathaniel Hawthorne, the famed author, 
whose immortalized House of the Seven Gables still 
stands in Salem. At the fount of literature and let- 
ters young Buffum imbibed much of the lofty char- 
acter for which he was noted throughout his life, 
and which endeared him to his associates in the 
trying times when the great West was in the 

In 1850 Mr. Buffum's brother George was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Stockton, Cal., by President 
Taylor. Stockton at that time was one of the 
centers of the mining country that had been thrown 
open to the world but a year before by the dis- 
covery of gold. Here was enacted many of the 
scenes that have since become a part of the his- 
tory of the American nation. Soon after his ap- 
pointment George Buffum sent for his brother, 
William Mansfield, to assist him in the postoffice 
and in May, 1850, Mr. Buffum took passage at New 
York for San Francisco, traveling by way of the 
Isthmus. Reaching California he immediately pro- 
ceeded to Stockton, where he assisted his brother 
in the introduction of the postal system. With thou- 
sands flocking to the gold fields, and the mail 
transportation methods relying entirely upon the 
pony express and the long route from the East by 
water, the difficulties that beset Mr. Buffum and 
his brother were so manifold as to divert from the 
mind of the two all thought of hunting for the 
gold that everyone had gone to California to seek. 
In a short time, however, the gold fever finally en- 
tered the veins of young Buffum and he joined a 
party in a prospecting trip to Calaveras County, 
Cal. There he engaged for a time in mining, but 
failed to find the hidden riches that thousands 
like himself toiled for. 

It was while at Stockton that Mr. Buffum be- 
came acquainted with the estimable lady who later 
became liis wife. The romance of their meeting 
ami courtship was one of the cherished memories 
of his life and he delighted his friends on more 
than <ine occasion with this interesting story Sail- 



ing on the canal at Stockton one day with a num- 
ber of companions he noticed a young girl rowing 
alone in a boat. As the tiny craft passed by with 
the young girl frantically working at the oars, the 
sight of the girl alone in a boat at this time, when 
there were very few women on the frontier, startled 
him and he gave vent to a surprised whistle. This 
the young lady rather resented at the time, but 
could hardly conceal her admiration for the stal- 
wart young cavalier who had unintentionally of- 
fended her. Soon afterwards they formally met, 
and with this meeting began a courtship, some- 
times carried on under difficulties owing to the 
distance that separated them, that lasted fourteen 
years and ended with a romantic wedding at Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

In 1859 Mr. Buffum left Stockton and removed 
to Los Angeles, where he became agent for the 
most important distilling concern in the West. In 
1871, when the Territory of Arizona was first 
opened, Mr. Buffum was one of the first to enter 
business in that territory as a merchant. Although 
he remained in Los Angeles for several years there- 
after, he formed a partnership with the late John G. 
Campbell, under the firm name of Campbell and 
Buffum. This firm grew to be the most important 
merchandising concern in the territory, and both 
its members played important parts in the forma- 
tive history of the territory. At the time Mr. 
Buffum went to Arizona, General George Crook was 
governor of the military post at Prescott, and here 
the firm opened its store. In 1873 Mr. Buffum went 
to Prescott to join his partner in the business, 
which had by that time assumed large propor- 

In Prescott Mr. Buffum became one of the stal- 
wart men of the region, acquiring a reputation for 
stability and honor that has endeared him to many 
of the most noted men of the West who shared the 
hardships of the early days in the territory. As 
a public-spirited citizen he took a leading part in 
the affairs of the city and territory. Unspoiled by 
success, he achieved a reputation for good fellow- 
ship and high mindedness that endured throughout 
his career. He was in Prescott the associate of 
such men as E. P. Clark and Gen. M. H. Sherman, 
the builders of the Pasadena and Los Angeles tran- 
sit systems. Mr. Buffum was a member of the 
famed early days Legislature of Arizona that ef- 
fectively checked ruffianism in the territory. His 
colleague there was the noted "Tom" Fitch, who 
has since acquired fame as an orator. It is a mat- 
ter of record that when Mr. Buffum ran for the 
Legislature his popularity in the territory was such 
that he outran Fitch in the campaign for the Legis- 
lature. Later he became a member of the Board 
of School Trustees of Prescott and was its head 
when Gen. M. H. Sherman was invited there to 
inaugurate the school system and place it on a use- 
ful basis. In 1877 he was appointed by General 
Fremont as a member of the State's Prison Com- 

mission, and as such rendered valuable aid in 
checking the graft that had found its way into the 
politics of the State. 

Mr. Buffum remained engaged in business in 
Prescott until the early eighties. During his career 
there he was one of the first men interested in 
the Arizona Verde mines, which later became one 
of the most famous copper properties in the world. 
With the late Gov. F. A. Tritle of Arizona he owned 
this mine for several years. In 1889 Mr. Buffum 
gave up his business in Arizona and returned to 
Los Angeles, where he became associated with Gen. 
M. H. Sherman and E. P. Clark, who were then 
engaged in financing and promoting the street rail- 
way systems in Pasadena and Los Angeles. He was 
made cashier of the company, sharing the difficult 
tasks that met these projects in their organic state. 
As cashier and collector for the promoters he han- 
dled large sums of money. He was entrusted with 
important financial matters which he handled in 
such a way that both these well known financiers 
have repeatedly paid him high tribute. For twenty 
years he remained with Mr. Clark and Gen. Sher- 
man, at the same time engaging in the realty busi- 
ness and in general investments on his personal 
account. At various times he was the owner of some 
of the largest and most important realty parcels in 
the present business district of Los Angeles. When 
the old Temple estate was subdivided he was one of 
the largest purchasers, investing heavily in property 
that has since become priceless and that has netted 
immense profits to a line of subsequent purchasers. 
He was one of the most optimistic believers in the 
future of Los Angeles and his foresight was ma- 
terial in bringing fortune to numerous men who 
are now among the leading citizens of Southern 

The block where now stands Coulter's Dry 
Goods Store was once owned by him, and it is 
recorded that he predicted the important future 
this corner has since had. He at different times 
also owned the corner of Franklin and New High 
streets, the corner of Broadway and Spring, and 
the block on Twelfth street between Hill and Olive 
streets, Los Angeles, which has since become the 
heart or nucleus of the outspreading main thor- 
oughfare of Los Angeles. At Jefferson and Main 
streets, then the very edge of Los Angeles, he 
owned forty acres of land which were subsequently 
subdivided and sold. This has since become one of 
the most densely populated sections of Los Angeles. 

Mr. Buffum throughout his life had been a 
prominent member of the Royal Arch Chapter of 
Masonry and of the California Society. He was one 
of the most popular pioneers in the State and num- 
bered among his personal friends many of the 
men who have since made the history of Cali- 
fornia and the Southwest. He died June 12, 1905, 
and was buried by the Masonic Order. He is sur- 
vived by his widow, Rebecca Evans Buffum, one 
of the most beloved pioneers of California. 






S. Postal Service, was born at Los Angeles, 
California, December 25, 1865, the son of 
William Mansfield and Rebecca (Evans) 
Buffum. His father was one of the early Califor- 
nia pioneers, a descendant of a distinguished New 
England family. His mother was a Pennsylvanian 
whose ancestors emigrated to that colony in the 
early days of George III of England. (See preced- 
ing article.) 

Mr. Buffum received his early education at 
Prescott, Ariz., then a military post on the fron- 
tier whither his father had gone and established 
the principal merchandising business in the terri- 
tory. Mr. Buffum's first principal and teacher 
was Gen. M. H. Sherman, who later helped make 
history in Arizona and still later created the 
transit systems of Los Angeles, Pasadena and 
the Santa Monica Bay district. When Mr. 
Buffum was fifteen years of age his parents re- 
moved to Los Angeles, where he continued his 
schooling. He then attended the University of 
Southern California, under the tutelage of Pro- 
fessor Bovard, one of the distinguished in- 
structors of that State. The long journey from 
the heart of Los Angeles to the university had to 
be made on foot or in slow vehicles of those days, 
and this difficulty finally compelled Mr. Buffum to 
give up his work at the University. He matricu- 
lated at St. Vincent's College, Los Angeles, then 
under the direction of the noted Father McGill. 
From St. Vincent's he entered a select school for 
boys maintained by St. Paul's Pro-Cathedral in 
Los Angeles. At this period in his life, Mr. Buf- 
fum determined to follow in the footsteps of his 
father and seek a commercial career. To fit him- 
self for this he began a course at the Woodbury 
Business College, where he secured a diploma 
after a year of strenuous study. 

Soon after graduating from Woodbury's he 
took, without the slightest special preparation, an 
examination for the United States Postal Service, 
and from among a large number of specially pre- 
pared candidates, he finished third. Soon after he 
was appointed to a position of trust at the general 
postoffice in Los Angeles. This appointment was 
the beginning of a career that lasted throughout 
Mr. Buffum's life, and which at his passing won 
for him the eulogies of government heads and col- 
leagues. Mr. Buffum continued in the general 
postoffice for some years thereafter until he was 
appointed to the management of one of the 
branches which were then being opened to take 
care of the business caused by the rapidly in- 
creasing population of the city. Under his direc- 
tion was a large force of carriers and clerks. In 
assisting in establishing new routes and in per- 
fecting the system of mail delivery Mr. Buffum 

was considered one of the most able aids in the 
Los Angeles department. He was later appointed 
to the management of the branch office in Spring 
street, Los Angeles. This office was mainly con- 
ducted for the handling of the large money order 
and registered letter business that came from the 
mercantile district of the city. The responsibilities 
of this post were probably the largest in the city 
branch postal service. The confidence which Mr. 
Buffum's departmental heads imposed in him was 
given substantial expression in this important ap- 
pointment. He remained in charge of this branch 
for several years, when he was again recalled to 
the general postoffice, but was later again placed 
in charge of the Stohl & Thayer branch, where he 
remained until the time of his death, building up 
the business and caring for the rapidly multiply- 
ing duties with an honesty of purpose and regard 
for duty that won him time and again the praise 
of his superiors. 

Mr. Buffum's tragic death abruptly ended one 
of the most promising governmental careers in 
Southern California, and is believed to have hast- 
ened the death of his father, one of the most be- 
loved and generally mourned pioneers of the West. 
In October, 1904, Mr. Buffum, accompanied his 
mother on a trip to White Sulphur Springs, in 
Ventura County, California. While there the 
abundance of small game attracted Mr. Buffum, who 
was an ardent sportsman and devotedly fond of 
shooting. With a number of companions he made 
a trip into the fastnesses of the neighborhood in 
search of pigeon. The accidental discharge of one 
of his companion's guns emptied the gun's con- 
tents into Mr. Buffum's body. He lingered for six 
hours, during which every effort was made by 
hastily summoned physicians to save his life. All 
efforts proved unavailing and he died mourned by 
a host of friends and associates. 

At the time of his death Mr. Buffum was 
thirty-nine years of age. His sterling qualities 
had marked him throughout his younger life and 
during his early manhood as one of the most 
promising young men in Los Angeles. His even 
disposition and lofty-minded views on life and so- 
cial relations had won the esteem of a large host 
of friends, who regarded him as a worthy off- 
spring of his distinguished father. As a member 
of Ramona Parlor, Native Sons of the Golden 
West, he was active in the interests of the rising 
generation of younger Californians, and in the 
welfare of the superannuated survivors of the 
early days on the frontier. The regard with 
which he was held by his parents was such that 
his father lingered but a short time after his 
death, joining him in the final rest, after both had 
ilved and loved and made the world better and 
sweeter thereby. 



REED, GEORGE WILLIAM, Attorney-at-Law, 
Oakland, California, was born in Vassal- 
boro, Maine, June 14, 1852, the son of Wil- 
liam and Hannah Carleton (Hall) Reed. 
Coming to Oakland when he was about four 
years old he has grown up with that city and has 
attained a notable position. On January 15, 1891, 
some years after the death of his first wife, he 
was married to Miss Georgia Alice Brown. By 
the first marriage he is the father of Mabel Lin- 
den Reed (now Mrs. Harry A. 
Lane of Los Angeles) and 
Clarence Munroe Reed, mem- 
ber of the firm of Reed, 
Black & Reed. Another son, 
Russell Albert Reed, died at 
the age of seventy-one 

From 1858 to 1S64 Mr. 
Reed attended the public 
schools of Oakland, subse- 
quently entering the Brayton 
School of the same city, and 
in '72 was graduated from 
the University of California. 

He then studied law with 
the intention of beginning 
his legal career as soon as 
possible, but at the end of 
four years was appointed 
deputy County Clerk, under 
his brother, Charles G. Reed. 
This position he held for 
four years, continuing his 
law studies in the mean- 
time', and in December, 
1879, was admitted to prac- 

Until 1883 Mr. Reed was a 
law clerk in the office of A. A. Moore, at which 
time he became a partner of the firm of Moore & 
Reed, which soon built up an extensive and profit- 
able business. In 1888 he was elected District At- 
torney of Alameda County, and was re-elected in 
1890. Not long after the expiration of his second 
term he formed the partnership of Reed & Nus- 
baumer. This for eleven years was one of the 
leading legal firms of Oakland, doing a large civil 
business, especially in probate matters and damage 
cases. At the end of this period Mr. Reed or- 
ganized the present firm of Reed, Black & Reed, 
which in addition to an extensive probate prac- 
tice has a considerable corporation clientele. 

Among the especially important cases with which 
Mr. Reed was associated, and in which points of law 
were settled for the State of California, was that of 
Bacon vs. Davis, which involved the question of a 
real estate contract to sell property, and a large 
piece of land on Broadway. This was bitterly con- 
tested, and the judgment of the Court of Appeals, 
which had reversed the decision of the lower court, 

was confirmed by the Supreme Court's denial of 
the petition for a rehearing. Still more noteworthy 
was the case, which is now a leading one, of Mar- 
tial Davoust vs. the City of Alameda. The wife of 
the plaintiff while walking on the streets of Ala- 
meda had been killed by a broken electric wire, and 
the corporation held that as a public concern it was 
not liable. Through the efforts of Mr. Reed and his 
associates this point was established: "Although 
municipal corporations are not liable for the negli- 
gence of their officers or serv- 
ants when acting in their 
governmental, political or 
public capacity, in the ab- 
sence of a statute permitting 
it, yet when the injury arises 
from the exercise of mere 
proprietary and private 
rights they are liable for neg- 
ligence, like individuals or 
private corporations." The 
Butters will contest, in which 
Mr. Reed was one of the 
counsel, attracted wide inter- 
est, both in the profession and 
with the public generally. 
This was a contest to set 
aside the will of Lucie B. 
Butters, which involved half 
a million dollars, for the ben- 
efit of eight heirs, all of whom 
now get an equal share. 

Mr. Reed has always been 
an ardent and active Repub- 
lican. From 1907 to 190S, in- 
clusive, he was chairman of 
the Republican County Cen- 
tral Committee, and was also 
a delegate to the national 
conventions of 1900, 1904 and 1908. He was a 
member of Victor Metcalf's Congressional Commit- 
tee, and is still on that of Joseph R. Knowland. 

While at the University Mr. Reed was a mem- 
ber of the varsity baseball nine, and is still an 
ardent "fan." The indulgence of this taste and 
that of angling in California's mountain streams 
are about the only forms of recreation he permits 

His firm are now attorneys for the Union Sav- 
ings Bank of Oakland, the Permanent Guarantee 
and Loan Society, and several other corporations. 
He is also a trustee of the Cogswell Polytechnic 
College of San Francisco, and a director of the 
California Institute for the Deaf. Dumb and Blind 
at Berkeley. 

He is a Mason, a Past Exalted Ruler of the Elks, 
an Odd Fellow and a member of the State of Maine 

He is a member of the Athenian Club of Oak- 
land and the Zeta Psi Fraternity of the University 
of California. 



ceased), Banker, San Jose, California, 
was born at Salem, Ohio, December 
5, 1828. the son of Israel and Jane Burns 
Beans, who, in 1827. moved from Loudon 
County, Virginia, to Ohio, then the wild 
and sparsely settled borderland of the Ameri- 
can Republic. Of Scotch-Irish ancestry, .Mr. 
Beans' parents were of that sturdy and in- 
domitable race f r o m 
whom came many of the 
first pioneers of the 
United States. 

Mr. Beans was not 
twenty years of age when 
the news of the discovery 
of gold electrified the na- 
tion and set in motion to 
the West the great 
stream of immigration 
that has not ceased to this 
day. Although he had not 
yet reached his majority. 
Mr. Beans joined one of 
these parties at Pittsburg. 
Leaving that city in 
prairie schooners, w i t h 
his companions he made 
the journey overland 
along the famous trails of 
that day, undergoing the 
hardships that beset the 
pioneer on every side. 
Late in 1849, after a particularly hazardous 
journey, they arrived at Sacramento. Cal., 
where Mr. Beans, following the lead of the 
great majority of gold hunters in that region, 
engaged in placer mining. A few months 
later, in company with several of his com- 
panions of the cross-continent trip, he opened 
a miners' general supply store at Sacra- 

The year of 1850 was one of misfortune 
for the pioneers in the Sacramento Valley. 
A great flood overswept the country. Com- 
ing at a time when the settlers were ill-pre- 
pared to combat it, this disaster swept away 
all the worldly possessions of hundreds of 
miners and storekeepers. Scores returned 
East. Mr. Beans went to San Francisco with 
the intention of returning to Ohio. In that 

T. E. 

city he met Dr. Patterson, an acquaintance 
from his native town, who persuaded him to 
join in a mining venture at what is now 
Xevada City, California. Mr. I leans re- 
mained and. with other miners held back by 
the flooded rivers, passed the winter in San 
Francisco. Here he was instrumental in form- 
ing a miners' association for the protection of 
the rights of absent miners. He was chosen 
secretary and recorder of 
this body. 

In 1855 and 1856 Mr. 
Beans was Deputy 
County Clerk of Xevada 
County. In 1856 he mar- 
ried Miss Virginia Knox, 
sister of Dr. W. J. Knox. 
Mrs. Beans died in 1861, 
leaving two children, Wil- 
liam Knox Beans, now 
president of the Bank of 
San Jose, and Miss Mary 
Virginia Beans, deceased. 
In 1862 Mr. Beans moved 
to San Francisco, where 
he engaged in the commis- 
sion business for several 
years with John R. Whit- 
ney. In 1866 Mr. Beans 
r e m o ved to San Jose, 
California, and with Dr. 
W. J. Knox, established 
the banking house of 
Knox & Beans. After the death of Dr. Knox the 
bank was reorganized as the Bank of San 
Jose with Mr. Beans as Cashier and Manager. 
At that period the Santa Clara Valley was 
a wheat raising belt of much importance, 
and the realization by the firm of Knox & 
Beans of the wheat growers' needs and the 
supplying of the same, laid the foundation 
for the subsequent growth of The Bank of 
San Jose and made it one of the strongest 
institutions of its kind in the State of Cali- 

After removing to Santa Clara County 
Mr. Beans married Miss Charlotte Bray, 
daughter of John G. Bray of Santa Clara, by 
w h i c h marriage he had two daughters. 
Miss Frances L. Beans and Miss Rowena 



DENMAN, WILLIAM. Attorney and 
Publicist, San Francisco, California, 
was born in San Francisco in 1872. 
the son of James Denman anil Helen V. 
(Jordan) Denman. His father was principal 
of the first school in San Francisco tinder the 
State system and retired fifty -one years later 
as the President of the Board of Educa- 
tion. He is thoroughly American, his first 
American ancestor hav- 
ing arrived in 1631. 

He was married in 
San Francisco, April 4, 
1905, to Leslie Van Xess, 
d a u g liter of the well- 
known lawyer, Thomas C. 
Van Xess. 

From 1881 to 1885 
Mr. Denman attended 
the C lenient Grammar 
School; from 1885 to 
1886 the old Lincoln 
Grammar, and was grad- 
uated from Lowell High 
in 1889. Prior to enter- 
ing the University of 
California in 1890, he 
'"punched" cattle in Ne- 
vada for a year, an ex- 
perience that stood him in 
good stead years later at 
the time of the great fire 
in San Francisco, when 
he impressed over a hun- 
dred teams, sometimes at 
the point of the pistol, 
and had food supplies 
moving from the transport dock through 
the cinders to the refugee camps while the 
city was yet burning. 

After his graduation from the Univer- 
sity, in 1894, he took one year in the 
Hastings College of the Law. then en- 
tered the Harvard Law School, and was 
graduated therefrom in 1897 with the degree 
of LL. P>. Although taking an active part 
in both athletic and military life at the Uni- 
versity, he became a member (if the Phi P>eta 
Kappa, the honor society. Returning to 
( alifornia, he «;i^ admitted to the State Bar 
in 1898, and immediately began active prac- 

Mr. Denman's professional experience 
lias been of a widely diversified nature, 
li"tli in the Federal and in the State 
courts, and marked by a number of im- 
portant cases, especially in maritime law. 
The litigation growing out of the sinking 


of the Rio de Janeiro, the explosion of 
the Progreso, the collision of the Colum- 
bia and San Pedro, as well as other causes 
he argued in the Admiralty courts, aroused 
interest both in the profession and in the 
community at large. From 1902 to 1906 
Mr. Denman was lecturer and assistant 
professor of law in the Hastings College 
and the University of California. 

In 1911 he formed a 
partnership with George 
Stanley Arnold under the 
name of Denman & Ar- 
nold, the firm conducting 
a general practice, with 
offices in the Merchants' 
Exchange building in San 
Francisco. He became a 
member of the non-parti- 
san party when yet in col- 
lege. His faith in the 
ultimate removal of the 
national parties from mu- 
nicipal elections was jus 
tified nearly twenty years 
later by the acceptance 
by San Francisco of the 
charter amendment 
drafted by him prohibit- 
ing party nominations 
and party designations 
on the ballot. 

In 1908 the Mayor ap- 
pointed him chairman of 
a committee of public cit- 
izens to report on the 
causes of municipal cor- 
ruption in San Francisco, and as chairman 
he drafted the report subsequently known 
by his name. Mr. Denman has also been 
very active in the work of the Par Associa- 
tion and organized the State-wide move- 
ment for the non-partisan election of judges 
He campaigned, however, in opposition to 
the recall of judges at popular elections, ad- 
vocating simplified procedure before the 
Legislature. He defended the constitution- 
ality of the eight-hour law for women, his 
opposition to the attempt by the American 
Protective Association to inject religion 
into politics, his drafting of the majority 
election law now in force in San Francisco 
ami his organization of the campaign for its 

Me is a member of the University, tin 
Pacific-Union, the Unitarian, the Common- 
wealth and the Sierra Clubs, as well as the 
liar Association, 






CLEAVELAND, NEWTON, Consulting Min- 
ing Engineer, San Francisco and Berk- 
eley, California, was born in the Prov- 
ince of Quebec, Canada, February 6, 1874, 
the son of Dr. William Rush Cleaveland and 
Henrietta (Quiniby) Cleaveland. On Decem- 
ber 23, 1899, he married Agnes Morley at 
San Jose, California, and to them have been 
born Norman, Loraine, Morley and M a r y 

Mr. Cleaveland's ancestors came from England 
in 1636 and settled in Massachusetts. The fam- 
ily has been noted for its pioneers, down through 
the history of America. One of the prominent 
members of the family was Moses Cleaveland, who 
laid out Cleveland, Ohio, and after whom the city 
was named. 

Mr. Cleaveland, at the age of ten, went to Cali- 
fornia with his father and located in Butte County. 
Here he pursued his early studies, preparing him- 
self for Stanford University, from which lie gradu- 
ated in 1899 with the degree of A. B. Among 
his class-mates was Dr. Ralph Arnold who, like 
Mr. Cleaveland, is noted for his ability as a min- 
ing expert. It was also while at Stanford that 
Mr. Cleaveland met Miss Morley and it was only 
a short time after he graduated that she became 
his wife. Mrs. Cleaveland graduated in the class 
of 1900. She has become widely known for her 
literary contributions to Metropolitan Magazine, 
Century, Munsey's and other leading publications, 
while several of her works have met with such 
success that they have been republished in book- 

Immediately after leaving college, Mr. Cleave- 
land was accorded an opportunity of demonstrat- 
ing his executive ability in the capacity of Super- 
intendent of the Bear River Exploration Com- 
pany, which position he held until 1901 when he 
was made Assistant Manager of the Boston and 
Oroville Mining Company under W. P. Hammon. 
Through his association with these, the largest 
enterprises of their kind in the country. Mr. 
Cleaveland became a recognized authority on the 
gold dredging subject. Speaking of Mr. Hammon's 
enterprises with which Mr. Cleaveland was so 
closely associated, the Bulletin issued by the Cali- 
fornia Mining Bureau says in part: "Progress in 
this important industry is due in a great meas- 
ure to the enterprise and successful operations of 
Mr. Hammon and his associates. Couch dredge 
No. 1, the first successful bucket elevator dredge 
put in commission in the State, was financed by 
Mr. Hammon and the late Thomas Couch. It is 

eminently fitting that Mr. Hammon should be the 
leading gold-dredging operator in California, and 
in control of the largest companies of this kind 
in America." 

Through these connections, and the manner in 
which he identified himself in his work, Mr. Cleave- 
land became recognized as an engineer of unusual 
merit. Accordingly, in 1905, he accepted an offer 
from the Yuba Consolidated Gold Fields for whom 
he served as General Superintendent until, in 1907, 
he was made General Manager of the enterprise. 
At the same time, he was also made General Man- 
ager of the Yuba Construction Company. 

The year following, Mr. Cleaveland accepted 
the position of General Manager of the Natomas 
Consolidated of California in conjunction with his 
management of the other two companies. The 
duties of this office, however, became so onerous 
that in 1911 he found it necessary to give up his 
active management of the Yuba Consolidated Gold 
Fields and the Yuba Construction Company. In 
1912, he resigned from the Natomas Consolidated. 

Since that time, he has been occupied with 
his own business affairs and has acted largely in 
the capacity of consulting engineer for various 
concerns engaged in gold dredging. Mr. Cleave- 
land makes gold dredging his specialty and main- 
tains offices in San Francisco. 

During the short period of his active career, 
Mr. Cleaveland has acquired considerable mining 
property, and among his present interests are the 
Yuba Construction Company, manufacturers of 
gold dredges, tractors, irrigation pumps, etc., of 
which he is Vice President and General Manager. 
Cordua Land Company of which he is President, 
and the Shover Creek Gold Dredging Company, 
of which he is also President. 

Mr. Cleaveland is a member of the American 
Institute of Mining Engineers, the American 
Geographical Society, is Vice President of the 
Sacramento Valley Development Association and 
President of the Sacramento Valley Exposition 
Commission. For five years, up to 1915. lie was 
a member of Stanford University Alumni Ad- 
visory Board and in 1914. served as President of 
this body. He is a member of the University 
Club of San Francisco. San Francisco Commercial 
Club and the Commonwealth Club of San Fran- 

Very few men at Mr. Cleaveland's age have 
reached the prominence in their various profes 
sions that he has reached. As an authority on 
gold fields and gold dredging his reputation Is 



FROST, FRANK WADHAM, Secretary, United 
Properties Company, San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, was born in that city April 29, 1S67, 
the son of Horatio Frost and Mary L. 
(Wadham) Frost. He married Aletta Garretson at 
Hayward, California, February 26, 1895, and to 
them there were born three children, Harlan Gar- 
retson, Dudley Wadham and Phyllis Frost. His 
father and mother were among the pioneers of Cali- 
fornia and did much to further its early development. 

Mr. Frost, who has partici- 
pated in the development of 
the street railway business of 
the cities on San Francisco 
Bay, almost from the begin- 
ning of such development, 
has spent practically all his 
life in that section. He re- 
ceived his education in the 
public schools of San Fran- 
cisco and at Lincoln Gram- 
mar School of the same city, 
and began his business career 
in the employ of a large paint 
and oil concern of San Fran- 

He remained in his first 
position for about three years 
and for three years more was 
in the employ of the Overland 
Packing Company of San 
Francisco, as clerk. 

He next entered the serv- 
ice of the United States Gov- 
ernment as teller in the 
Money Order Department of 
the San Francisco Postoffice. 
There he remained in that ca- 
pacity for a little over two r. W. 
years, when he left to enter the business field. 
In 1893 Mr. Frost took a position as receiving 
clerk for the Oakland Consolidated Street Railway 
Company of Oakland, California. This company, 
organized by Messrs. George W. McNear, John W. 
Coleman and J. E. McElrath, owned the first elec- 
tric railway system built in either Oakland or San 
Francisco, and formed the basis of the present rail- 
way system centering on San Francisco Bay. The 
F. M. Smith interests purchased control of the com- 
pany in the latter part of 1893, and a little later 
acquired control of the Central Avenue Railway 
Company and the Alameda, Oakland & Piedmont 
Electric Railway Company, and consolidated them 
all into one corporation. Following this there were 
six other different mergers, each taking in a sepa- 
rate railroad, and the corporation is now known as 
the San Francisco-Oakland Terminal Railways. This 
company, embracing the East Bay cities electric 
lines, connects with all the Oakland street railways 
and also those lines embraced in what is known as 
"The Key Route," altogether making a vast system. 

Mr. Frost held office as Assistant Secretary of 
the company during its various changes and in 
1911 was elected Secretary of the San Francisco- 
Oakland Terminal Railways. About the same time 
he was elected Secretary of the United Properties 
Company of California, a holding corporation. 

Mr. Frost's election to the latter position, occur- 
ring on January 13, 1911, marked the eighteenth 
anniversary of his entry into the railroad business. 
Since he first began his career in electric rail- 
ways, Mr. Frost has devoted 
himself exclusively to his 
work and has been one of the 
important factors in their 
management. Incidentally he 
lias had a prominent part in 
the development of the city 
of Oakland, for a large part 
of the growth of the city 
has been due to the street 
railways. Prior to the in- 
auguration of the street rail- 
way system, Oakland, like 
other cities, was cramped, 
but with the coming of the 
street railways the munici- 
pal area was extended, real 
estate values increased and 
the city started towards its 
present position among the 
important municipalities of 
the Pacific Coast. 

Mr. Frost, in the capacity 
of Assistant Secretary of the 
Oakland Railroads, took an 
active part in the relief work 
following the San Francisco 
disaster of 1906. His com- 
FROST pany was n tt i e affected by 

the earthquake, its sole damage consisting of in- 
jury to one boat, which was knocked off the ways. 
The ferry and railway lines were in operation a 
few hours after the shock occurred and the com- 
pany did a great deal to alleviate the suffering of 
the people of San Francisco. Refugees were car- 
ried across the bay in thousands and the company 
furnished hundreds of cots which were placed in 
the parks for the people, while the company's 
offices were turned into temporary hospitals and 
its employes engaged in relief work. Mr. Frost 
had the direction of the greater part of this work 
and labored night and day for the sufferers until 
conditions were brought back to normal. 

Aside from his office in the United Properties 
Company, Mr. Frost is Secretary of various sub- 
sidiaries of that corporation and is a prominent fig- 
use in the business circles of San Francisco and 
Oakland, but has never taken any active part in 
politics or public affairs. His only affiliation out- 
side of his business is with the Transportation 
Club of San Francisco. 



chitect, San Francisco, California, 
was bor n in Washington, Franklin 
County, Missouri, January 18, 1S66. He 
is the son of John Christian Mullgardt and Wil- 
helmina (Hausgen) Mullgardt. Mr. Mullgardt 
married Miss Laura R. Steffens in the city of 
Chicago, Illinois, June 9, 1897. They have two 
children, Alexander S. and John L. C. Mull- 
gardt, thirteen and six years old, respectively. 

Mr Mullgardt's work is well 
known on both sides of the 
Atlantic. He received his pre- 
liminary education in public 
and private schools of his na- 
tive town and in the summer 
of 1S81 went to St. Louis, 
Mo., where he took up the 
study of architecture in the 
offices of O. J. Wilhelmi and 
Ernest C. Janssen and later 
James Stewart, well-known 
members of the profession. 
He also studied in the Poly- 
technic Institute and Depart- 
ment of Fine Arts of Wash- 
ington University. 

In the winter of 1885 Mr. 
Mullgardt went to Boston, 
Massachusetts, as a student 
in the office of H. H. Richard- 
son, Brookline, Mass., and 
subsequently with Mr. Rich- 
ardson's successors, Shepley, 
Rutan & Coolidge of Boston. 
He also studied with Peabody 
& Stearns and Brigham & 
Spofford of Boston. During 
the years of 1889 and 1890 he 
was a special student at Harvard University. 
With the training and experience gained during 
his student years, Mr. Mullgardt went to Chicago 
in 1891, and until 1893 was Designer-in-Chief in the 
offices of Henry Ives Cobb. Among the buildings 
designed by him while serving in that capacity art 
the following: Newberry Library, Cook County Ab- 
stract Building, Chicago Athletic Association Built' 
ing. University of Chicago and the Fisheries Build- 
ing at the World's Columbian Exposition. 

His exceptional talent and training placed Mr. 
Mullgardt among the few recognized leading Archi- 
tectural Designers of the Middle West. In 1893 he 
went to St. Louis to enter private practice. He 
continued there about nine years, having added to 
his reputation in designing and erecting numerous 
private and public structures. Among the more 
notable were the designs of the Abolitionist Monu- 
ment to Elijah Parish Lovejoy, publisher, erected 
at Alton, 111., by the stale c ,t Illinois; the University 
Club, St. Louis; Boyer Pneumatic Tool factories at 
Detroit. Mich., and St. Louis, Mo., and the Arlington 

Hotel and Bath House, a stately group of buildings 
at Hot Springs, Arkansas. 

In 1902 Mr. Mullgardt went to Manchester, Eng- 
land, in conjunction with James C. Stewart of New 
York, respecting the construction of the New Mid- 
land Grand Hotel. In 1903 he went from Manchester 
to London, opened offices on Somerset Street, 
where he remained during that year and the next, 
engaged in conjunction with Messrs. Colcutt and 
Hamp in planning the extensions of the celebrated 
Savoy Hotel on the Strand; 
also alterations on the old 
buildings of the Savoy on the 
Embankment. This is one of 
the historic hotels on the 
other side of the Atlantic, 
and Mr. Mullgardt's selection 
for this work — costing over 
$2,000,000— was a tribute alike 
to American architecture and 
to Mr. Mullgardt. 

During the period covering 
his work on the Savoy Hotel, 
Mr. Mullgardt fulfilled other 
commissions in the British 
Isles. He remained in Lon- 
don until the year 1905, when 
illness in his family necessi- 
tated return to the United 
States. Among the archi- 
tectural works of Mr. Mull- 
gardt in Great Britain were 
the designs for electric pow- 
er stations for the British 
Westinghouse Company, Hey- 
sham Harbour and at Neas- 
den, for the Metropolitan Un- 
derground Railway of Lon- 
don. He also designed a large 
factory for the British Consolidated Pneumatic Tool 
Company at Frazerburg, Scotland, and two electric 
power stations in the Clyde Valley, Scotland. 

From London, Mr. Mullgardt went almost direct- 
ly to San Francisco in 1905 and has resided there 
and in Berkeley since. He entered private practice 
in San Francisco in 1905 and has been chiefly en- 
gaged in California Country Residence Architecture. 
In addition to his private practice, Mr. Mull- 
gardt is engaged in designing the "East Court" of 
the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, hav- 
ing been appointed a member. Architectural Com- 
mission which is planning the International Fair to 
celebrate the Panama Canal completion in 1915. 

Mr. Mullgardt is Fellow member, American In- 
stitute of Architects, Washington. 1). C. and life 
member. Harvard Engineers' Club. He belongs to 
the Bohemian Club of San Francisco and is honor- 
ary member of the San Francisco Press Club and 
Of the Outdoor Art League, He has made art a life 
study and has lectured and written numerously on 
the line arts relative to architecture 








Physician, Surgeon U. S. Array, Los An- 
geles, Cal., was born on a farm in Jas- 
mine County, Kentucky, in 1823, the son of 
William Hamilton and Mary (Williams) Edgar. 
Both his paternal and maternal grandfathers ren- 
dered honorable service in the first two crucial 
wars of the American republic, one being a captain 
of artillery in the Revolutionary War and the other 
a captain of infantry in the War of 1812. At the 
age of seventeen, Dr. Edgar's lather enlisted in 
the army from his native State, Virginia, and served 
with distinction. He later settled in Kentucky, 
removing afterwards to Missouri, and thence to 
San Bernardino, Cal., where he died in 1866. Dr. 
Edgar married Miss Catharine Laura Kenefick of 
New York March 8, 1866, at New York City. 

Dr. Edgar received his early education in a 
Kentucky log schoolhouse, about three miles from 
his father's home. The path was cut through a 
heavy dark forest and through this he traveled 
twice a day on foot. When the family removed to 
Missouri he enjoyed better educational facilities, 
completing his general education in the Bonne 
Femme College, Boone County. In 1837 the family 
removed to St. Joseph, Missouri, and there Dr. 
Edgar made his first effort toward self-support. 
The thought paramount in his mind at that time 
was to secure funds with which to pursue medical 
studies, having determined upon medicine as his 
future profession. Securing employment in a drug 
store he devoted every spare moment to the study 
of elementary medicine and chemistry, saving his 
earnings, and in this way prepared himself, men- 
tally and financially, for a course in the medical 
school of the University of Louisville, from which 
he graduated in 1848 with high honors. 

Missouri, then on the Western frontier, was the 
scene of much military activity at the time of Dr. 
Edgar's graduation, and his choice of an army 
career was the next natural step. At the army 
board examination he was one of four candidates 
among several score who succeeded in passing the 
lest. He was appointed an assistant surgeon in the 
army in 1849. Soon afterwards he accompanied a 
regiment of mounted rifles across the plains, and 
assisted in garrisoning a military post in the heart 
of the Shoshone Indian country. Subsequently he 
was ordered to Vancouver Barracks and later to 
The Dalles, and it was while at the latter place, 
in the spring of 1851, that orders came from the 
Government which placed him under the command 
of Major Philip Kearny (the great Civil War cavalry 
leader), then maintaining headquarters at Sonoma, 
Cal. There he came into close touch with men 
who later took a brilliant part in the struggle for 
the maintenance of the Union, notable among them 
being Generals Joseph Hooker and George Stone- 

man. In the spring of 1852 Dr. Edgar accom- 
panied a body of troops into the Yosemite Valley 
that succeeded in defeating and subduing a party 
of Indians who had massacred miners. In 1S.".4 he 
was ordered to Fort Redding and later assisted in 
establishing Fort Tejon. One chilly December 
night, while suffering from malaria, he rose to 
answer a sick call. Upon his return to his own 
quarters at daybreak he was stricken with 
paralysis. He spent several months recuperating, 
and then was granted three months' leave of ab- 
sence, after having been five years on the 

At the expiration of his leave he reported 
at Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, where he was as- 
signed to the Second Cavalry and ordered to Texas 
and Florida. It was at this time that he became 
acquainted with another group of men who played 
a leading part in the rebellion, among them being 
Generals Robert E. Lee, Albert S. Johnson, William 
J. Hardee and George H. Thomas. In the latter 
part of 1856 he accompanied a number of invali- 
dated soldiers back to New York from Fort Meyers, 
Florida. In 1857 he was sent back to Fort Miller, 
whence he accompanied troops to quiet Indians in 
Oregon. After being stationed at the Presidio in 
San Francisco and at Benicia for a time, he was 
ordered, in 1858, to join an expedition against the 
Mojave Indians on the Colorado River. A second 
expedition was also made against this same tribe, 
who later signed a treaty of peace. Dr. Edgar was 
then ordered to San Diego until November, 1861, 
when he was ordered to return East to participate 
in the Civil War. 

Dr. Edgar was for some time with the army of 
the Potomac and was promoted to surgeon (with 
the rank of Major) in Buell's army in Kentucky, 
where he organized a large general hospital in 
Louisville. He was then made medical director 
of the Union forces at Cairo, 111. The uncongenial 
climate caused a partial return of paralysis and 
rendered him unfit for duty. He was ordered be- 
fore a retiring board at Washington, and retired 
from active duty. After his retirement he was as- 
signed to the Medical Director's office at New Vork 
City At the close of the war he closed up the 
hospitals in his department. He was then ordered 
to return to California, and in 1866 was 
at Drum Barracks, Los Angeles County, where he 
remained for three years. In 1S70 he was relieved 
from duty under a law passed by Congress freeing 
retired officers from all service. 

In 1859 Dr. Edgar had purchased a ranch at San 
Gorgonio, Cal.. and there lie remained a year and a 
half after his retirement from all duty, when he 
removed to Los Angeles. He sold a portion of his 
iamb in 1 ssl and the remainder of it in 1886. He 
died August 23, 1897 



Los Angeles, California, was born at Wau- 
kesha, Wisconsin, July 18, 1845, the son of 
John P. and Elizabeth (Quarles) Story. He 
married Charlotte Forrester Devereux, daughter 
of Gen. George H. Devereux, of Salem, Mass., in 
1876. She died 1897. 

Mr. Story was graduated from high school at 
Waukesha before he was 16 years old and then 
taught school for a term. He then entered and 
was graduated from Eastman Commercial Col- 
lege, at Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
He became assistant, then 
head bookkeeper in a wool 
house at Boston, but the next 
year resigned and entered 
the "sorting room" of one of 
the firm's mills, working 12 
hours a day for six months 
without remuneration. He 
next entered a Boston wool 
house and worked 9 hours a 
day for three months, and 
then opened offices as a wool 
broker, and later bought into 
a wool scouring mill and 
studied wcol shrinkage. He 
succeeded, by 1872, in mak- 
ing a modest competence, 
but the great Boston fire of 
that year wiped this out and 
left him $10,000 in debt. 

Through friends he was 
enabled to pay his obliga- 
tions and by hard work suc- 
ceeded, in a few years, in 
making another competence, 
but his health was broken 
and he was compelled to re- 
tire from business in Boston. 

In 1877, Mr. Story moved 
to San Francisco, and be- 
came interested with B. P. 
Flint & Co., wool dealers. In 
1S83 he moved to Alhambra, 
Cal., built a home and set 
out an orange orchard. He 

has been a leading figure in the citrus fruit business 
ever since, as grower and shipper, and has done much 
to advance the industry. He has been President of the 
Alhambra Orange Growers' Association since its for- 
mation in 1896; Pres., Semi-Tropic Fruit Exchange 
since 1897; Vice Pres., Southern California Fruit 
Exchange since 1897, and Pres. of the California 
Fruit Growers' Exchange since its formation. 

This latter is the greatest co-operative organi- 
zation in the world, over sixty per cent of the cit- 
rus crop of California being marketed through it. 
During 1911-12 it shipped 20,033,933 boxes of or- 
anges, which netted the growers f. o. b. California, 
$37,599,845.16, without a penny loss by bad debts. 

Mr. Story also is President of the Fruit Grow- 
ers' Supply Co., which is capitalized at $S3S,000, 
and saves the growers over $500,000 annually. 

Joining the L. A. Chamber of Commerce in 1891, 
Mr. Story was elected Director in 1896, President 
in 1902, and has been on the directorate ever since. 
He has served as Chairman or member of some 
of its most important, committees. In 1897 he was 
chairman of its Citrus Tariff Committee, which 
secured a tariff of one cent a pound on oranges 
and lemons. In this same connection, he has 
been Chairman since 1907 of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Citrus Protective League, which, dur- 
ing that time, has secured a reduction of freight on 
oranges of 10 cents per 100 lbs. (an annual sav- 

ing of over $1,000,000 to growers); secured an in- 
crease tariff duty of one-half cent a pound on lem- 
ons, defeated the railroads' attempt to increase 
freight rates on lemons and also caused a reduction 
in refrigeration rates. 

In 1898 Mr. Story, under the auspices of the 
Chamber of Commerce, headed the local executive 
committee of the National Educational Ass'n., and 
with Judge Charles Silent, raised $23,000 for the 
convention of 1899; and in 1907, he headed a simi- 
lar committee with Judge Silent and raised for the 
same purpose about $22,- 
000. The two conventions, 
which attracted about fifty 
thousand people to Los An- 
geles, were among the larg- 
est in the history of the N. 
E. A. and brought from the 
Secretary of the N. E. A. 
and the Chamber of Com- 
merce special resolutions 
SjZZ praising, in extraordinarily 

high terms, the work of Mr. 
Story and his associates. 
Similar resolutions were 
passed following his work as 
Chairman of the Citizens' Re- 
lief Committee, which raised 
more than $300,000 in money 
and supplies for San Fran- 
cisco sufferers in 1906. 

In 1903 he was Chairman 
of the Chamber's General 
Methodist Conference Com- 
mittee, which raised funds 
and entertained the Interna- 
tional Methodist Conference 
in Los Angeles. 

In 1901 Mr. Story served 
as Chairman of the Chamber 
of Commerce Building Com- 
mittee, which raised $350,000 
to buy property and erect its 

Mr. Story was Chairman 
of the Exec. Com. of the Nic- 
araguan Canal Assn. until 
1S99, when Congress chose the Panama route for 
the canal. He has also been a prominent worker 
for conservation of national resources. He is one 
of California's representatives on the National Con- 
servation Commission and State Vice Pres. or Dir. 
since its formation, of the National Irrigation As- 
sociation, whose work induced the Government to 
expend $70,000,000 to reclaim arid lands. He is also 
Pres. of the Arizona & Cal. Conservation Commis- 
sion, which seeks to effect control of floods and the 
reclamation of some S.000,000 acres of desert lands 
which will be commercially tributary to Los An- 
geles. He was also Chairman of the Chamber of 
Commerce Committee to raise funds to build fire 
breaks and reforest the reserves of the San Gabriel 
Valley, a work which was finally taken up by the 
United States Government. 

Early in his residence in Southern California 
(18S7) Mr. Story aided in organizing the San 
Gabriel Valley Transit Railway and was its Gen- 
eral Manager or Treasurer until it was sold to the 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company. 

He is President of the Los Angeles City 
Directory Company, Director First National 
Bank, Los Angeles, and Alhambra National 

He is a member of the California Club, Los 
Angeles, and President of the San Gabriel Valley 
Country Club. 




dent and General Manager of the Com- 
pania Constructora Richardson, S. A., Los 
Angeles, California, was born in Freder- 
ick City, Maryland, November 23, 1S70. His par- 
ents were Ignatius Davis Richardson and Jane 
Briscoe (Ramsburgh) Richardson. He married 
Marion Edna Hord at Central City, Nebraska, 
April 4, 1903, and to them there have been born 
three children, William Hord, Thomas Benton 
Hord (deceased) and Jane Beatrice Richardson. 
Mr. Richardson is de- 
scended from an old South- 
ern family, the first ances- 
tor in America having been 
William Richardson, w h o 
came over from England in 
1655 and settled at West 
River, Ann Arundel County, 
Maryland. The family home 
was in Maryland from that 
time until several years after 
the Civil War, and various 
members served in the sev- 
eral wars of the country, 
Captain William Richardson 
and Colonel John Lynn hav- 
ing attained distinction in 
the Revolution. 

In the spring of 1S71 Mr. 
Richardson's parents moved 
from the old home in Mary- 
land to C 1 a r k s, Nebraska, 
where they purchased a large 
amount of land and estab- 
lished a new home. There 
he spent his boyhood, at- 
tending the common schools 
of the district until he was 
only eighteen years of age. 

In 1888 Mr. Richardson 
gave up school and entered 
the employ of the Union Pa- 
cific Railroad in a minor po- 
sition. He was stationed at 
Clarks and Schuyler, Nebras- 
ka, at different times, and 
remained with the company 

for about two years and a half, acquiring a knowl- 
edge of telegraphy during this period. 

In the spring of 1891 Mr. Richardson left 
the employ of the Union Pacific Railway and 
went to Sonora, Mexico, joining there his elder 
brother Davis, who had gone to Mexico in 1889, 
and who was engaged in mining business in that 
country. During a period of eighteen years, from 
1891 to 1909, the year in which the death of Mr. 
Davis Richardson occurred, Mr. Richardson and 
his brother, together with another brother, Frank, 
were closely associated in mining operations car- 
ried on in that part of Old Mexico. These opera- 
tions, which were quite extensive and at times 
quite successful, were handled through a partner- 
ship corporation called "Richardson Brothers Com- 
pany," with offices in Los Angeles. California. 
During this period of eighteen years, although at 
all times closely interested and associateil with 
his brothers in mining ventures. Mr. Richardson 
for a period of six and a half years was employed 
as assistant to the Mining Engineer of the La Dura 
Mill & Mining Company at La Dura, Sonora, 

Mr. Richardson, who had become one of the 
practical mining engineers of Sonora. resigned his 
position witli the La Dura Mill X- Mining Compan) 

in November, 1S9S, and took charge, in the capacity 
of Vice President and General Manager, of the La 
Bufa Mines, a notable Sonora property, which was 
at that time controlled by Richardson Brothers 
Company, they owning a majority interest in it. 
Mr. Richardson was actively engaged in this ca- 
pacity for nearly ten years, and until work was 
temporarily discontinued in the spring of 190S, on 
account of Yaqui Indian depredations in and sur- 
rounding Sonora. 

In 1905 Richardson Brothers Company incor- 
porated the Compania Con- 
structora Richardson, S. A., 
with Davis Richardson as 
President and W. E. Richard- 
son as Vice President. In 
1909, following the death of 
his brother, W. E. Richard 
son became President and 
General Manager of this 
company, which is engaged 
in one of the most gigantic 
development enterprises of 
the North American conti- 
nent, the building of the nec- 
essary storage and diversion 
dams, together with the 
requisite canals for the dis- 
tribution of water, to place 
under irrigation nearly one 
million acres of land com- 
prising the entire area 
known as "Yaqui Valley," 
located on the Yaqui River 
in the State of Sonora. Mex. 
Since 190S, the year lie 
gave up active mining, Mr. 
Richardson has been the di- 
recting force in the affairs of 
this company, which was orig- 
inated by his brother. He 
has come to be regarded one 
af the West's great developers. 
The Compania Construc- 
tora Richardson, S. A., is the 
operating company under 
which this great work is be- 
ing done and which, when 
completed, will comprise one of the most remark- 
able pieces of irrigation engineering on this conti- 
nent. The holding company through which the cap- 
ital for this project is secured is the Yaqui Delta 
Land & Water Company, of Delaware. Among Mr. 
Richardson's associates in this great enterprise are 
Mr. John Hays Hammond, the greatest Mining En- 
gineer in the world, and Mr. Harry Payne Whitney, 
the noted capitalist. Another great undertaking 
which owes its commencement to Mr. Richardson 
in part is the Southern Pacific West Coast Railroad 
of Mexico, built from Guaymas to Tepic, a distance 
of over 800 miles. The original concession for the 
building of the road was secured from the Mexi- 
can Government by Messrs. Davis and W. E. Rich- 
ardson and later by them was transferred to the 
Southern Pacific Company under a guarantee that 
the road would be built. This secured a railroad 
fur the Yaqui Valley which was of vital Importance 
to their irrigation project. 

Mr. Richardson is also interested in various im- 
portant mining ventures, and is President of the 
Bufa Mining Company, previously mentioned. 

Mr. Richardson is a member Of the Lawyer-'. 

New York Athletic Club, and Rocky Mountain 

club of New York, American Club of Mexico city. 

and the California Club of Los Angeles 







Mining Engineer, London, England. San 
Francisco and New York, was born in West 
Branch. Iowa. August 10, 1874. the son of 
Jesse Clark Hoover and Hulda Randall (Minthorn) 
Hoover. He was married to Miss Lou Henry of 
Monterey. California, in 1899. 

Mr. Hoover received his preliminary education 
in the public schools of Iowa, where much of his 
childhood was spent, and in Oregon. In 1895 he 
received the degree of B. A. from the department of 
mining engineering of Stanford University. One of 
his classmates was Will Irwin, the writer, and the 
two collaborated in writing a learned treatise, now 
a text-book, on mining. 

While still a student at Stanford Mr. Hoover 
spent his vacations working in the field, and two 
vears prior to his graduation he assisted in an 
Arkansas Geological Survey. In 1895, after his 
graduation, he was appointed Assistant United 
States Geological Surveyor on geological work in 
the Sierra Nevada Mountains, filling the post for 
approximately one year. In 1896 he became As- 
sistant Manager of the Carlisle Mines in New 
Mexico and the Morning Star Mines in California, 
but in 1897 he received an offer to go to West 
Australia as chief of the mining staff of Bewick, 
Moreing & Co., one of the world's largest mining 
corporations, in which he later became a partner. 
During the same year he managed Hannan's Brown- 
hill Mine, and in 1898 was also manager for Sons 
of Gwalia and East Murchison mines. 

In 1899 Mr. Hoover returned to the U. S. to 
marry, and in that same year the Imperial Govern- 
ment of China recognized his extraordinary quali- 
ties and made a bid for his services, and he had 
the distinction of being appointed Chief Engineer 
of the Chinese Imperial Bureau of Mines. In this 
capacity he explored extensively the interior of 
China. On one march across the great Gobi Desert, 
lasting thirty-nine days, he led the caravan through 
an almost continuous battle with hostile natives 
who sought to destroy him and his party, 
causing loss of life on both sides. But fighting the 
natives was practically nothing compared to his 
battle with heat, hunger and thirst. However, Mr. 
Hoover reached his destination and succeeded in 
opening up the new country and thoroughly estab- 
lishing mining operations, but the official bureau 
was finally terminated owing to the Boxer upris- 
ing. Mr. Hoover and his staff being among those 
be sieged at Tientsin. 

Being a man of tremendous force of character 
and a born organizer and leader of men, Mr. Hoover 
was looked to by the European and American 
colonies as the one man capable of organizing the 
defense of the settlement against the Boxers. 
Those were strenuous, bloody weeks, but Mr. 
Hoover was the ever cheerful, optimistic leader 
and director, daring in combat, effective in leader- 
ship, sparing himself neither danger nor labor, 
and infusing all with his dauntless spirit. 

After the closing of the Imperial Bureau of 
Mines, in 1900, Mr Hoover was appointed repre- 
sentative of the bondholders in construction of the 
Ching Wang Tow Harbor and Oriental Syndicate in 
China In 1901 he managed the Chinese Engineer- 
ing & Mining Co.. operating four coal mines, steam- 
ship lines, a canal and a railway. 

Mr. Hoover's notable achievements in opening 
highly productive mines in the interior of China, 
and his wonderful capacity for handling a great 
number of gigantic works at one time, sent him 
swiftly to the top of his profession, and in 1902 
he was invited into the partnership of the notable 

firm of Bewick. Moreing & Co.. which partnership 
he gave up in 1908. Mr. Hoover's reputation was 
established on the firm foundation of honesty and 
extreme good judgment. His opinion of a pros- 
pect came to be considered the last word, and the 
great investors of the world began to seek his ad- 
vice. His principle affairs centered in London, Eng- 
land, which he quickly recognized was the world's 
financial center and the base of great mining 
undertakings such as he was associated with. 
Thus it was that he moved to London. 

Mr. Hoover is the chief influence in the Russian- 
Asiatic Co., with its great iron mines in Siberia; 
he and his brother, Theodore, also a mining en- 
gineer, control and operate immense zinc mines in 
Australia and elsewhere, which are said to produce 
more than nine per cent of the world's zinc supply. 
He has mines of his own producing the various 
metals in Spain, Nicaragua, Alaska, South America 
and South Africa. His experts and agents are for- 
ever combing the mineralized areas of the world 
for fine properties or further information to add to 
his great store covering the mining industry. Mr. 
Hoover is recognized as the world authority on gold 
mining. France, Belgium and England have decor- 
ated him for his great mining achievements. 

The gigantic enterprises with which Mr. Hoover 
is closely identified either as consulting engineer, 
director or owner are so numerous that it would 
require a column of this volumn to enumerate 
them. They extend into practically every known 
country and mineral section of the globe. 

He has published various papers in proceedings 
of the American Institute of Mining Engineering 
and the Institute of Mining Metallurgy of London, 
together with various other technical works. Of 
"Economics of Mining" Mr. Hoover was a joint 
author in 1906, and in 1909 he wrote "Principles 
of Mining." 

Mr. Hoover is a member of the Am. Inst, of Min- 
ing Eng., Nat. Geographical Soc, A. A. A. S., 
Hakluyt Society. Soc. Ingenieurs Civils de France, 
Soc. Belde des Ingenieurs et des Indust.; fellow, 
Royal Geographical Soc; member, Inst, of Mining 
and Metallurgy, and of the Devonshire, Albemarle 
and Ranelagh Clubs of London, Phyllis Court (Hen- 
ley). He is a trustee of Stanford University. Cal. 

When the European war broke out in 1914, Great 
Britain and the continent swarmed with Americans 
anxious to get home. Many of them did not have the 
necessary money. The American colony in London 
wanted to help, in fact, had to help. The unofficial 
head of that colony was Mr. Hoover, at least lie 
was the member having the most influence in Eng- 
land. Moreover, he is a man of organizing ability. 
so he was naturally made chairman of the Ameri- 
can Relief Committee. Ambassador Page testifies 
to his excellent work. 

Then, when the touring Americans were out of 
the way, came the need for relief of the Belgians. 
The international character of this work required 
a man such as Mr. Hoover and he took over the 
direction of that work The fact that he had, up 
to the summer of 1915, directed the spending of 
over J5ii.uiiu.iiu0 on the work is merely an Index to 
what lie is doing. It is said of Mr. Hoover that 
lie is the American who. of all Americans, has 
played the most important part in the greatest of 
all wars." 

Mr. Hoover's principal place of residence is 
Red House. Hornton street, London. England. He 
maintains offices in London. New York and San 

Francisco, spending considerable time in both the 

latter places, and is a frequent visitor at Wash 
Ington, I 1 C 



Tempe, Arizona, was born in San An- 
tonio, Texas, August 15, 1S5S, the son of 
William George Kingsbury and Elizabeth 
Kingsbury. Mr. Kingsbury married Viola C. 
West at Tempe, Arizona, August 16, 1891. To 
them were born two children, Katheren (de- 
ceased) and William West Kingsbury. 

Mr. Kingsbury is of English descent. His 
genealogy, as known, begins with Gilbert de 
Kingsbury, the incumbent of 
St. Peter's Church at Kings- 
bury, Warwickshire, Eng- 
land, in 1300. The first 
members of the Kingsbury 
family immigrated to Amer- 
ica in 1630, coming in the 
"Talbot," a ship of Gover- 
nor Winthrop's fleet, and 
settled in New England. 
Daniel Webster, the greatest 
orator this country has pro- 
duced, was descended from 
a Kingsbury through his 
mother, Abigail Eastman ; 
Frances Folsom Cleveland, 
widow of the late Presi- 
dent, Grover Cleveland, is 
also descended from the 
Kingsbury-Eastman line. 

Mr. Kingsbury is an 
alumnus of Washington & 
Lee University, Lexington, 
Virginia, having graduated 
with the class of 1879, with 
the degree of Bachelor of 

He began the active 
practice of law at San An- 
tonio, Texas, in 1880, in association with J. H. Me 
Leary, afterwards Attorney General of the State 
and continued to practice in that city until 1882 
when in company with a former college mate 
George J. Denis, now a leading lawyer in Los Ange 
les, California, he moved to Los Angeles, and 
formed the law partnership of Kingsbury & Denis. 
Mr. Kingsbury continued practice until 1884, when 
he went to Europe to visit his father, then the Eu- 
ropean Agent for the Southern Pacific Railroad 
Co., with headquarters in London, England. 

In 1885 Mr. Kingsbury returned to San Antonio 
for the purpose of looking after his father's exten- 
sive property interests and continued the practice 
of law until 1887, when he moved to Arizona, and 
settled at Tempe, nine miles from Phoenix. 

Mr. Kingsbury has been more prominently 
identified with the development of Tempe and the 
surrounding locality than any other man there. 
He has erected more than a score of buildings, 
principally business blocks which he owns, notably, 
the Casa Loma Hotel, famous as the only hotel in 

the world that guarantees the sun to shine over it 
every day in the year — "You do not pay if the Sun 
doesn't shine" — an advertisement that has attracted 
tourists from every part of the country. 

He has redeemed from its desert state, more than 
three thousand acres of arid land which includes 
an alfalfa farm of about one thousand acres, one o£ 
the most beautiful farms of its kind in the West. 
In 1897 he was elected President of the Farmers 
& Merchants' Bank of Tempe, which under his 
management has grown to 
be one of the State's leading 
financial institutions, with a 
capital stock of $50,000.00, 
most of which he owns.. 

In 1907 Mr. Kingsbury 
purchased an entire brand of 
cattle and a range having 
an area of about twenty 
miles square, at Hillside, Ari- 
zona. This business has 
grown, until his annual calf 
brand now exceeds fifteen 
hundred head. These cattle 
are shipped to Tempe, where 
they are fattened, then sold. 
Mr. Kingsbury has done 
much towards securing ap- 
propriations and advancing 
the facilities of the State 
Normal School at Tempe to 
its present high standard. 
In 1908 he created a fund, 
known as the "Kingsbury 
Senior Assistance Fund," 
which is loaned on the rec- 
ommendation of a committee 
to Senior students, when nec- 
essary to enable them to fin- 
ish their graduating year. The fund has enabled 
many students to secure their diplomas when, 
without it, they would have had to quit school. 

He has always been active in advancing the 
principles of Democracy, and although importuned, 
he has never held any office excepting that of City 
Attorney, to which he was appointed in 1906, and 
served for three consecutive terms. 

He is a member, California Club, Los Angeles; 
Arizona Club, Country Club and Automobile Club, 
all of Phoenix; Phoenix and Tempe Boards of 
Trade, and other associations. He is also a mem- 
ber of the K. of P., the I. O. O. F., and W. O. W. 

His home at Tempe has one of the most beautiful 
private parks in the Southwest, being almost trop- 
ical in the abundance and variety of its growth. 
His collection of Indian baskets, purchased direct 
from the Indians and containing over three hundred 
specimens, is one of the finest and largest collec- 
tions in the country. Everybody, whether friend or 
stranger, is given a cordial welcome to his home, 
which in all, is one of the show places in Arizona 




ter in Chancery for Circuit Court, Cook 
County, Illinois, was born in the City 
of New York, August S, 1S36, the son 
of Joseph and Harriet Heileman (Whitney) Wait. 
His family name stands high in the military rec- 
ords of the early American Republic. Among his 
ancestors were Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Wait, 
United States Army, killed and buried at Claren- 
don, Vermont, in the battle there with the Brit- 
ish Army, September, 1776. 
His son was Marmaduke 
Wait, Captain United States 
Army, who rendered valiant 
service during the War of 
1812. Judge Wait's mater- 
nal forbears were New Eng- 
enders, his mother's family 
being residents of Bos- 

Judge Wait married Miss 
Chara Conant Long, daugh- 
ter of James Long, at Chi- 
cago, Illinois. The chil- 
dren of the union are James 
Joseph Wait, President of 
the Merchants' Lighterage 
Company of Chicago, and 
Henry Heileman Wait, an 
Electrical Engineer, practic- 
ing his profession in Chicago. 
Judge Wait was born on 
Hudson street, opposite St. 
John's Park and St. John's 
Church, New York City, 
then on the edge of historic 
old Greenwich Village, in 
which locality but a genera- 
tion before had lived many 
notable characters w hose 
names figured in the his- 
tory of the American 
Revolution and the early 

Knickerbocker traditions of Manhattan. He was 
educated at Trinity School, an adjunct of the old 
Trinity Church on Broadway, where lie the remains 
of many noted New York citizens, some of them 
national characters. Upon graduation from Trinity 
School, Judge Wait entered the Columbia College 
Grammar School, which even in those days occupied 
the high place it now holds among preparatory edu- 
cational institutions. From the grammar school. 
Judge Wait entered Columbia College as a student 
in the junior year, from which he was graduated in 

He was not yet out of his 'teens when 
he removed to Chicago, May 1, 1856. The city 
was then on the western frontier, with little prom- 
ise of becoming the great metropolis it now is. He 
was induced to move to Chicago by Horatio Gates 
Loomis —who came to New York to negotiate the 
sale of the bonds for the creation of the water 
works pumping system for Chicago — he did this 
through Watts Sherman, who was the leading finan- 
cier of Now York at that time. Judge Wait was then 
studying law in the office of Watts Sherman. <>n 
the invitation of H. G. Loomis ho came to Chicago, 
where he lived with him on Michigan avenue near 
Harmon Court. He entered the law office of 


Hon. J. Young Scammon, and commenced study- 
ing law and was so occupied when the Confeder- 
ates fired on Fort Sumter in 1S61. He immedi- 
ately assisted in the organization of the men who 
were used to or familiar with naval operations, 
and the sea service. 

Judge Wait was among the first to answer the 
call to arms that followed the assault on Fort 
Sumter in 1S61. He enlisted with the Sixtieth 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry and was assigned to 
Company D. He remained 
with his regiment until 1862. 
seeing service with the Six- 
tieth Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry. In 1862 he applied 
for a position in the United 
States Navy and was com- 
missioned a Lieutenant Com- 
mander in the United States 
fNavy. His commission was 
handed to him by President 
Lincoln in person, at the 
White House in Washington. 
This treasured document is 
still in his possession. Im- 
mediately after his appoint- 
ment he was ordered to re- 
port to Admiral S. F. Du- 
pont, off Charleston, S. C, 
and by him assigned to the 
U. S. S. "Pembina," seeing 
service at Port Royal and 
Charleston, S. C. From the 
"Pembina" he was trans- 
ferred to the U. S. S. "Mary 
Sanford," on special service, 
and was then ordered to the 
flagship "Philadelphia," com- 
manded by Admiral J. A. 
D a h 1 g r e n, on which ves- 
sel he served until the 
end of the war, taking 
part in all of the op- 
erations along the coast from the Savannah River 
to Charleston, South Carolina. He was then or- 
dered to duty as an inspector at the Pensacola. 
Fla,. navy yard, where he served until October. 
1870, when he resigned his commission to again 
enter civil life. 

He returned to Chicago and resumed the 
practice of his profession in the office of 
Barker & Wait. He was appointed Master in 
Chancery of the Circuit Court of Cook County, 

Judge Wait holds a notable position among the 
legal fraternity of Chicago, and has always been 
an active factor in the betterment of his profes- 
sion. His interest in military and naval affairs 
has never lagged. He drew the bill creating the 
Illinois Naval Reserve and was one of the princi- 
pal factors in the creation of that organiza- 
tion and served as Lieutenant C m m a n d e r 
therein until he was retired by statute. He is a 
director of the Chicago Historical Society, and of 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States, and a member of George H. Thomas 
Post. <;. A. R.. and of the Society of Naval Veterans 
in Chicago, and of the Chicago Literary Club. He 
is a direetor for life of the Chicago An Institute 






SHERMAN, MOSES H., Railroad Builder and 
Banker, Los Angeles, Cal., was born in West 
Rupert, Bennington County, Vermont, De- 
ember 3, 1853, of sturdy New England stock 
which dates back far into the colonial days in 
America and originally came from England. He 
married in 1885, Harriet E. Pratt, daughter of R. H. 
Pratt, one of the distinguished builders of the 
Central Pacific Railway. They have three children, 
Robert, Hazeltine and Lucy Sherman. 

He graduated from the Oswego (N. Y.) Normal 
School. Then, long before he was out of his teens, 
he taught district school in New York State, leaving 
before he was twenty to go to Los Angeles. 

He did not stay long in Los Angeles, but went 
into the sparsely settled territory of Arizona, to the 
then remote mining town of Prescott. There he 
continued his calling of teaching until 1876, when 
he first came to public notice. 

Although only twenty-three, he impressed Gover- 
nor A. F. K. Stafford of Arizona as the suitable man 
to represent Arizona at the Philadelphia Exposition 
or World's Fair in 1876, the first of the series of 
America's great world displays. His duties kept 
him at Philadelphia the one summer, after which 
he started on his return to the Pacific Coast. He 
took back with him his sister, now the wife of the 
Hon. E. P. Clark of Los Angeles. They started the 
journey by way of the Isthmus of Panama, taking a 
Pacific Mail steamship at New York. While in the 
Windward passage, near the island of Cuba, the 
steamer was wrecked. For three days the disabled 
vessel was kept afloat, drifting helplessly about, 
when finally the passengers and crew were rescued 
by a steamer running from South America to Liver- 
pool. After various vicissitudes the two reached 
Los Angeles in safety. 

Upon the return of young Sherman to Arizona. 
Governor John C. Fremont of Arizona appointed 
him Superintendent of Public Instruction for the 
Territory. Arizona had at the time of his acces- 
sion to office practically no public school system, 
but he created and organized one so complete that 
even the most isolated communities could enjoy the 
benefits of education, a remarkable situation in the 
West of those early days. When his appointive 
term was over the office became elective. He was 
nominated on the Republican ticket and was elect- 
ed by a large majority. Arizona was strongly Demo- 
cratic at the time, and he had the added distinction 
of being the only Republican to be elected to office. 
During this term the Legislature asked him to re- 
write the school laws of Arizona. His draft was 
adopted unanimously without change, and remains 
the school law of Arizona to this day, after more 
than thirty years. 

Still less than thirty years of age, he was a con- 
jpli nous public figure in Arizona at the expiration 
of his second term as school superintendent He 
was then immediately appointed Adjutant General 
of the Territory by Governor F. A. Tritle. He found 
the National Guard situation as he had found thai 
of the public schools. There was no organization 
and everything had to be done from the beginning. 
He was reappointed Adjutant General by Governor 
C. Meyer Zulic, and during this term of office 
he put the National Guard on a solid basis 

While he was yet a public official he began the 
foundation of his business career. In 1S84, at the 
age of thirty-one, he started the Valley Bank of 
Phoenix, Phoenix, Arizona. He was its first presi- 
dent. This bank has now the largest resources of 
any in the State. He remained actively interested 
in its affairs, which prospered, until 1889, when he 
happened to make a visit to Los Angeles. 

There he discovered a new opportunity. Los An- 
geles was then just well started on its career of 
great growth. A syndicate of Chicago men had just 
completed a costly cable tramway system. The 
cable system was frequently paralyzed by the win- 
ter rains, which washed sand into the cable slots, 
causing delay for days at a time. General Sher- 
man knew that in a couple of the Eastern cities 
electric street railway systems had been success- 
fully started. It occurred to him that the failure of 
the cable system left an opening for the electric. 
He acted at once on the idea, enlisted his brother- 
in-law, E. P. Clark, raised capital, secured a fran- 
chise, and built the first tracks of the Los Angeles 
Railway. General Sherman was the President of 
the system and Mr. Clark vice president and gen- 
eral manager. Soon thereafter the electric system 
absorbed the cable railway. 

The success of the first electric venture was 
such that the Los Angeles and Pasadena Electric 
Railway was organized and built to Pasadena and 
Altadena by General Sherman and Mr. Clark. Later 
this property, as well as the Los Angeles Railway 
system, was sold to H. E. Huntington. 

The next venture in the electric railway field 
was the construction by the brother-in-law of the 
Los Angeles Pacific Railway to Hollywood, Soldiers' 
Home, Santa Monica, Ocean Park, Redondo and 
other points. They covered with a close network 
all the territory between Los Angeles and the Santa 
Monica Bay beaches. They sold this system to the 
late E. H. Harriman, not long before his death, for 
a very large sum of money. 

Mr. Sherman and Mr. Clark were the pioneer 
electric railway builders of the Pacific Coast, and 
have the credit of building the greatest interurban 
system in the world. The systems, now consoli- 
dated, all of which they started, make Los Angeles 
an interurban center greater than any half dozen 
cities in America combined. Mr. Sherman is still a 
director in all the 'Harriman" electric railways in 
Southern California. 

He did not confine his railroad construction to 
Los Angeles. As early as 1SS4 he built the Phoenix 
Railway. This line he still owns. He extended it 
in 1910 to Glendale. Arizona, to connect with the 
Santa Fe System. 

He is a stockholder in the Farmers and Mer- 
chants' National Bank and the Southern Trust Com- 
pany of Los Angeles, and has very extensive Oil 
interests. He is a director in many companies and 
is one of the large property owners of California 
and Arizona. 

He is a member Of the California Club, the Jona- 
than Club. Country Club, Bolsa Chica Gun Club and 
others of Los Angeles, and of the Chamber of Com 
merce. He is also a member of the Bohemian Club 
of San Francisco. 



San Francisco and Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia, was born in Bavaria, Germany, Oc- 
tober 1, 1S42. He arrived in the city of 
Los Angeles in 1859; married Miss Esther Neu- 
gass, of New York, on the 4th of April, 1870, 
and as a result of that marriage there are three 
children, I. W. Hellman, Jr., Clara Hellman Heller, 
and Florence Hellman Ehrman. 

The story ot the unusually successful career 
of Mr. Hellman is replete 
with interesting chapters 
Beginning with no capital 
whatsoever, he has won his 
way step by step to one of 
the highest positions in the 
financial world, and today is 
known throughout America 
as one of the most substan- 
tial financiers of the present 

His success was not won 
without struggles; reared in 
Bavaria, he received but a 
meager education in the 
schools of that country. At 
the age of seventeen, he left 
Germany for America, and 
by the Panama Isthmus 
route arrived in San Fran- 
cisco in 1859. He remained 
in that city but a short 
time, locating in Los Ange- 
les in the same year. 

Being of an industrious 
frame of mind, he did not 
remain idle long in his new 
home. He sought and 
found employment as a dry goods clerk in a 
store in the Arcadia Block on Los Angeles 
street. In those days that portion of the city 
was the active business center, and there Mr. 
Hellman learned his first lesson in business. 

There was little in the young clerk to indicate 
the later financier and master of the Western 
banking world, save an untiring energy and deter- 
mination to succeed, which seemed to dominate 
him. His close attention to duty and his quick 
grasp of business principles were characteristics 
that distinguished him, yet those who knew him 
little dreamed that he would some day become a 
financial genius whose name would be almost as 
familiar in New York, London, Paris and Berlin 
as in his home city. 

It took Mr. Hellman just ten years to save the 
required amount of capital to start the business of 
which he had dreamed and determined to build. 
By this time his name had become known to 
every business man of Southern California, and 
when he organized the banking house of Hell- 

man, Temple & Company he was quickly backed 
in that project by a corps of substantial business 
men. He was elected Manager and President of 
the bank at the beginning, and remained in that 
position until the house was merged into a larger 
and more influential institution. 

In 1871 he organized the Farmers and Mer- 
chants' Bank of Los Angeles, today known as the 
oldest and one of the strongest financial institu- 
tions in Southern California. He was appointed 
Cashier and manager of that 
bank, and for the following 
twenty years was constantly 
at its head, directing its 
countless details and gradu- 
ally forging ahead as a lead- 
er of finance. 

During the years he was 
the active head of the Farm- 
ers and Merchants' Bank the 
reserves of that institution 
were not the legal twenty-five 
per cent of the deposits, but 
ranged from fifty to seventy- 
five per cent. He regarded 
his responsibility as a sacred 
trust, and determined that he 
would have money on hand 
when the depositors called for 
it. He maintained an un- 
shaken confidence in the pub- 
lic mind, and when he en- 
tered upon an enterprise the 
public at large felt assured that 
it was a safe undertaking. 

Mr. Hellman's success in 
bringing his Los Angeles bank 
> ^ • into prominence among the 

financial houses of the West attracted the attention 
and respect of financiers of the entire Pacific Coast, 
and in 1901 he was called to San Francisco to reor- 
ganize the Nevada Bank, assuming its management 
and presidency. It was later converted, under the na- 
tional banking laws, as the Nevada National Bank, 
and the latter institution consolidated with the Wells 
Fargo & Co. Bank in April, 1905, and became known 
as the Wells Fargo Nevada National Bank. Mr. 
Hellman continues as President to this date. 

His record in San Francisco since 1901 has been 
as brilliant, if not more brilliant, than his finan- 
cial career in Los Angeles. His services in that 
city have been crowned with success. 

While his achievements in the financial world 
stand alone, he is a man of many accomplishments. 
He is master of four languages and is a student of 
literature. He has been one of the regents of the 
LJniversity of California and is revered and re- 
spected by thousands of citizens who have pros- 
pered as a result of his management in financial 



ASHURST, HENRY F., United States 
Senator from Arizona, of Preseott, Ari- 
zona, was born in Winnemucca, Nevada, 
September 13, 1874, the son of William 
H. Ashurst and Sarah (Bogard) A shurst. The 
Senator married Elizabeth L. Renoe of Flag- 
staff, Arizona, in March, 1904. 

He was taken to Arizona by his parents 
a year after his birth and he has lived there 
continually since. He received his early edu- 
cation in the public 
schools of Flagstaff, Arizona, 
but left school when he 
was fifteen years of age to 
become a cowboy. He 
"rode the range" for four 
year s. and at the age of 
nineteen was appointed 
Deputy Sheriff of Coconino 
County. He served with 
credit in this office for sev- 
eral months, then became a 
workman and lumberjack in 
the mills of the Arizona 
Lumber Company at Flag- 

In 1S95 he began the 
study of law and the follow- 
ing year was elected to the 
Territorial Legislature from 
Coconino County. He was 
re-elected in 1898 and in 1899 
was chosen by his colleagues 
as Speaker of the House. He 
proved an excellent presid- 
ing officer. He was admitted 
to practice law by the Su- 
preme Court of Arizona in 
1897 and has been one 
of the leading attorneys 
since, having been licensed 


the State ever 
practice before 
the Supreme Court of the United States in 1908. 
He was elected from Coconino County to the 
Territorial Council or Senate of Arizona in 1902, 
and, although a seasoned lawyer, entered the 
law department of the University of Michigan in 
1903, and there took special lectures in Law and 
Political Economy 

He was elected District Attorney of Coconino 
County in 1904 and re-elected two years later. Both 
his terms in this office were characterized by an 
ability of high order and by an unremitting zealous- 
ness in the guardianship of the public interests. 
After leaving the District Attorney's office he de- 
voted himself to his private practice and during 
thai lime figured as attorney in various important 
litigations. He was an ardent advocate of Arizona's 
claims to Statehood, however, and campaigned for 
the progressive Constitution under which Statehood 
was granted. On October 24, 1911, he was nomi- 
nated at the direct primary of the Democratic party 

for the United States Senate and at the first State 
election, held December 12, 1911, was elected. On 
March 26, 1912, he received the unanimous vote of 
the Arizona Legislature and on the following day 
was formally declared elected. He took his seat 
April 2, 1912, and in the drawing of lots received 
the long term, which will expire March 3, 1917. 

A Democrat in politics, a careful student of 
events and a man of extraordinary physical and 
mental courage, Senator Ashurst, for many years 
has been a battler for the 
progressive public policies, 
which today have come to be 
recognized as safeguards of 
the national life. Among the 
principles urged by him are 
the initiative, referendum 
and recall; election of United 
States Senators by direct 
vote of the people; nomina- 
tion of all public officers by 
direct primary; parcels post, 
and the right of the State to 
engage in industrial enter- 

During his entire career 
he has incessantly labored 
for the advancement of meas- 
ures tending toward the de- 
velopment of Arizona and its 
vast store of valuable re- 
sources, with especial atten- 
tion toward securing laws 
setting apart lands for up- 
building Arizona's public 
school system, and he has 
long been a veritable crusa- 
der in behalf of laws that 
will bring industrial liberty 
for the working classes. Senator Ashurst believes 
in developing the citizen first, property next. 

The election of the Senator to the office 
which he now fills was the most sensational politi- 
cal triumph in the history of Arizona. 

Senator Ashurst had no political machine or 
powerful influence back of him, while opposed 
to him was all the power which special in- 
terests could array. But his previous record in 
office had won for him tremendous popularity, and 
this, combined with his extraordinary ability as an 
orator, carried him to victory. 

As a public speaker Senator Ashurst has ac- 
quired a broad reputation. He ranks with the 
most powerful orators of the country and this ex- 
ceptional ability won for him a large number of 
votes From persons aligned with other parties. 

Since taking his scat in the Senate, he has con- 
tinued his fight for progressive legislation and as 
a member of various important committees, has 
been very effective. He was a prominent figure in 
the campaign of 1912 in behalf of Wood row Wilson. 






BEAN, JACOB, Retired Lumberman, Alhatn- 
bra, California, was born in Upper Still- 
water, Maine, January 19, 1837, the son of 
Jacob W. Bean and Jane (Danforth) Bean. 
He married Cynthia A. McPheters at Orono, 
Maine, October 14, 1860, and to them were born 
eight children, Charles Robie, Daisy (deceased), 
Roscoe F. (deceased), Willian H., Florence Es- 
telle (deceased), Anne E„ Eugene E. and Mary 
Ella Bean. Of the five surviving children all are 
married and Mr. Bean has eleven grandchildren. 
Mr. Bean's family is of Scotch origin, the earli- 
est members of record having been seafarers. 
The family was transplanted to New Hampshire 
the latter part of the seventeenth century and re- 
mained there for many generations, later scatter- 
ing to other parts of New England, and Mr. Bean 
and his older brother were the first to move 
Westward. His father was in the transportation 
business in Maine and served many years as a 
County official. 

Mr. Bean received Ins education in the common 
schools of Orono, Maine, but at an early age went 
to work in a general store. He then entered the 
employ of his father as a freighter, but after a 
short time when he was of an age when boys 
usually devote themselves to play, he went into 
the woods of Maine and entered into the arduous 
life of the logging camp. Although a boy in years, 
he was possessed of extraordinary strength and 
endurance, and early took his place among the 
men of the camp. He worked in various branches 
of the logging industry and by the time he at- 
tained his majority was a proficient lumberman. 

In the early part of 1858, Mr. Bean abandoned 
the lumber industry to join the gold seekers of 
California, making the trip to San Francisco by 
way of the Isthmus of Panama. He joined the 
prospectors in the Sacramento district, but was 
unsuccessful in his quest and before the end of the 
year gave up the effort and returned to Maine. 

For the next five years he worked in the forests 
and mills of Maine and in 1S63, he and an older 
brother, Charles Bean, went to Stillwater, Minne- 
sota. They were immediately employed by Gen- 
eral S. F. Hersey, one of the pioneer lumbermen 
of Minnesota, as "timber cruisers," and within a 
short time were admitted as members of the firm 
of Hersey & Staples, which thereupon became 
Hersey, Staples & Bean. Mr. Bean was placed in 
charge of all the logging operations of the firm and 
spent the greater part of each year in the woods. 

About 1872 the firm became Hersey, Bean & 
Brown and some years later, upon the withdrawal 
of E. S. Brown, it became known as Hersey & 
Bean, continuing as such until 1900, when the firm 
practically retired from the lumber business. Dur- 
ing the days of its activity this firm was one of 
the largest lumber and mercantile establishments 
in the Northwest. Its timber holdings in Min- 
nesota and Wisconsin covered 160,000 acres and 
during forty years of operation its mills, among 
the largest and best equipped in that section, cut 
billions of feet of lumber. Its standing pine cov- 
ered a vast area in the territory near the St. 
Croix River and its principal mill, located at Still- 
water, was valued at $300,000. About 1900 the 
company wound up its cutting and ceased opera- 
tions, but its mills were leased for some years to 
other lumbering concerns, being finally dismantled. 
The firm of Hersey & Bean still owns about 70,- 

000 acres of land in Wisconsin and Minnesota, and 

01 recent years has dealt largely in farm lands. 
Although his original company quit lumbering 

Mr. Bean did not, he having been one of the or- 
ganizers in 1895, of the Foley-Bean Lumber Com- 
pany. The company had large interests in what 
had been the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation in Min- 
nesota, and its plant at Milaca, one of the most 
modern in the country, cut 32,000,000 feet annually. 
In addition to mills, the company owned stores, 
yards, shops, steamboats and other equipment and 
employed more than three hundred men. Mr. 
Bean was a factor in its management until 1906. 

As a lumberman Mr. Bean ranked with the lead- 
ers and was interested with such men as Frederick 
Weyerhauser, greatest of all lumber magnates, and 
James J. Hill, the empire builder of the Northwest. 
He enjoyed the confidence of business men in all 
parts of the Northwest and during his career of 
more than sixty years never was questioned on any 
contract or agreement into which he entered. 

About 1901 he suffered a severe paralytic stroke 
and was compelled to relinquish the active manage- 
ment of his properties, but he had trained his sons 
in the business and turned the management of his 
affairs over to them. 

Mr. Bean is a heavy individual landowner and 
has various other interests. One tract in Wisconsin 
held under the name of the Jacob Bean Land Com- 
pany, contains 27,000 acres. He is President of the 
Company, but its actual direction is in the hands 
of his son, W. H. Bean. Several other interests of 
Mr. Bean are incorporated under the name of the 
Jacob Bean Investment Company, a family corpora- 
tion, of which he is President. 

Mining has proved an unfortunate field for Mr. 
Bean from the time of his first venture in Cali- 
fornia. Later in life, when he had amassed a large 
fortune he bought a property in Montana, but had 
to give it up after losing $300,000. He accepted 
this great loss philosophically, never complaining. 

From the time he was able to vote he has sup- 
ported the Republican party and was prominent 
in its affairs in Minnesota. Governor Merriam of 
Minnesota, appointed him Surveyor General of the 
Stillwater District in 1SS8, and he was re-appointed 
in 1S90 by Governor Knute Nelson (later U. S. Sen- 
ator), serving until 1S92. At that time he returned 
to his private business and consistently declined to 
accept any public office afterwards. 

Since the year 1893 Mr. Bean has had his home 
at Alhambra, California, his estate being one of the 
most beautiful in Southern California. When he 
purchased the place, which covers 120 acres, it 
was a barley patch, but since that time Mr. Bean 
has built a magnificent home and spent thousands 
of dollars in beautifying the grounds. A large part 
of the estate is devoted to oranges and forms one 
of the finest ranches in Los Angeles County. 

In his later years Mr. Bean has spent all ol his 
time at his home and has his recreation in reading 
and motoring. Although he is seventy-six years 
of age and endured great suffering at the time he 
was stricken with paralysis, he still retains a re- 
markable amount of physical endurance and takes 
an active interest in the management of his estate 

A marked characteristic of Mr. Bean, whose for- 
tune was Imilded by hard work, is his generosity, 
and for many years he has maintained private 
philanthropies, known only to his family. 

At seventy-six he is happy in the companionship 
of his children ami grand-children, but up to a 
short time ago had that of his wife, who shared 
with him in his success and cheered him in times 
of stress. They celebrated their golden wedding 
anniversary October 14. 1910, but within a year 
she passed away. Iter death occurring July 1. 1911. 



tirey l. Ford 



General Counsel for the United Railroads, 
San Francisco, California, was born in 
Monroe County, Missouri, December 29, 
1S57, the son of Jacob Harrison Ford and Mary 
Winn (Abernathy) Ford. He comes from a long 
line of agricultural forbears and was himself 
born on a farm. In the first ship that sailed 
from Holland to Yirginia, in January, 1700, was 
a band of French Huguenots whom William, 
Prince of Orange, after he became King of Eng- 
land, had invited to make their home in Amer- 
ica, and among these first French immigrants 
were Pierre Faure (later called Peter Ford), 
his wife and child, his brother, Daniel, and his 
two sisters. From the time that this Pierre Faure 
first settled on his allotted land along the James 
River, in Virginia, to the death of Jacob Harri- 
son Ford, father of the subject of this sketch, in 
Kansas City, Missouri, in November, 190S, his 
American ancestors have been tillers of the soil. 
Mr. Ford married Miss Emma Byington. daughter 
of the Hon. Lewis Byington, one of the leading 
pioneers of Sierra County, in Downieville, Califor- 
nia. February 1, 1888. To them were born three 
children — Relda (now Mrs. Fred V. F. Stott) and 
Byington, and Tirey Lafayette Ford, Jr. 

The phrase "born," or "raised on the farm" 
has been elevated in America from a term some- 
what jocular to one of something like distinc- 
tion, such is the character of the men chiefly 
responsible for the elevation. And from milk- 
ing cows at daybreak, husking corn and per- 
forming other feats on some cultivated acres, 
even though the latter be situated in the Show- 
Me State of Missouri, to an attorney generalship 
and the post of general counsel of one of the rich- 
est corporations in the country is a progression 
that doesn't mar the acquired nature of the fore- 
going phrase. This, in brief, is the career, at a 
glance, of General Ford. 

The district school of the county, 1863 to 1873, 
and the high school, from which he was graduated 
in 1876, gave him his early education. During 
these years, however, he worked at night and on 
Saturdays "doing chores" to pay his expenses, and 
on the other weekdays rode his father's mules to 
the schoolhouse. 

When he was 19 years of age he reached Cali- 
fornia via an emigrant train, February 11, 1877, 
and started his Western life as a ranch hand in 
the Sacramento Valley. This healthful, if not 
especially remunerative, occupation held him in 
Butte and Colusa counties for the next two years. 
Hut on January 1, 1SS0, stimulated by the posses- 
sion of a few hundred dollars he had accumulated, 
and by a legal ambition he had perchance inherited 
from his mother's father, an attorney, he began 
the study of the law in the office of Colonel Park 
Henshaw at Chico. Less than three years of this 
sufficed to fit him for admittance to the bar, in 
August, 1882. 

The outlook he found on his return to Chico, 
however, was not brilliant. With neither office, 
money nor clients he became depressed and wrote 
to his father for a little financial encouragement. 
The sire answered in a letter full of wise advice, 
but lacking the more substantial stimulus. As the 
son was not of the quitting variety, however, lie 
managed to make his way to Oroville, where he 

hung out his shingle, and. pending the desired lure 
thereof, helped his little income by keeping books 
for some of the merchants of the town. 

In January, 18S5, he moved to Downieville, 
where his legal efforts met with a little better 
reward. His progress thenceforward was rapid, 
marked by his election in 1SSS, and again in 1S90, 
to the District Attorneyship of Sierra County, to 
the State Senate in 1S92, where he served from 
1893 to 1895, and, on his change of residence to 
San Francisco, by his appointment to the attorney- 
ship of the State Board of Harbor Commis- 

In all these offices he made a brilliant record. 
As a Senator he had the special distinction of vot- 
ing, with only one colleague, against the "free and 
unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1," 
and as attorney for the Harbor Commission solved 
the difficult legal problem, thereby giving to San 
Francisco the area known as Channel street, now 
a part of the city's harbor. 

In January, 1899, after considerable opposition 
from the regular Republican organization, so called, 
he became Attorney General of California. The 
policy to which he adhered throughout his term he 
outlined to his deputies thus: "With lawmaking 
and with State policies this office has nothing to 
do. The Governor and the Legislature will at- 
tend to that. Our business is to know the law, to 
disclose it as we find it and to protect and main- 
tain the State's legal rights." 

Among his noteworthy acts in this capacity 
was his argument on rehearing before the Supreme 
Court whereby he secured a reversal of the for- 
mer decision touching the inheritance tax on the 
Leland Stanford estate and thus converted the 
$250,000 involved to the use of the public schools 
of San Francisco. 

General Ford's appointment, in August, 1902, as 
general counsel for the United Railroads obliged 
him to resign his Attorney Generalship. To insure 
the continuance of the office on the plane he him- 
self had chosen, he selected for his successor his 
friend and former mountain neighbor, U. S. Webb, 
at that time the District Attorney of Plumas 
County. In this instance he triumphed again over 
the opposition of the so-called regular Republican 

In April, 1905, after some hesitation, he accepted 
the appointment from Governor Pardee to member- 
ship on the State Board of Prison Directors. Here, 
too, his work has been distinguished by the same 
system of thoroughness he had applied to all his 
previous offices. His creation of the special bu- 
reau for paroled prisoners, by means of which 985 
prisoners have been paroled, and his able and 
elaborate report on the principal reformatories in 
the United States have added not a little luster to 
his record as a public officer. 

General Ford is a member of the Pacific Union, 
Bohemian. Union League, Press. Transportation. 
Commercial. Amaurot and Southern Clubs, as well 
as of the American Academy of Political and Social 
Sciences of Philadelphia, the American Prison As- 
sociation, the American Humane Association and 
the Colden Gate Commandery, K. T. For many 
years he has been one of the trustees of the Me- 
chanics' Institute. He is also a golf enthusiast 
and characteristically has reduced his operations 
on the links to a system. 



Well Development, Los Angeles, 
California, was born at Pontiac, Michi- 
gan, August 21, 1847, the son of 
William and Bridget Youle. He married Mary 
Murphy at Pontiac, Michigan, January 10, 
1870, and to them there were born two 
children, Charles and May Youle. Mr. Youle 
is of British ancestry, one generation removed, 
his father having been a native of England, 
while his mother was born in 

Mr. Youle attended the 
public schools of his native 
city until he was fifteen years 
of age, but at that time gave 
up his studies to seek a 
place for himself in the 
business world, and a year 
later went to the oil fields 
of Pennsylvania, which were 
then in a greatly undeveloped 

Although a boy in years, 
Mr. Youle began immediately 
as a driller and contractor, 
and for thirteen years was 
one of the most active young 
men in the Pennsylvania 
fields. He also operated in 
the West Virginia fields and 
aided there, as in Pennsyl- 
vania, in the development of 
the industry. He was in the 
forefront of the developers 
of that day, and led in the 
search for new territory. He 
knew the business. He was 
an expert driller, a capable 
executive and able to handle the product from the 
selection of the land to the marketing of the oil. 
Because of his versatility he won the reputation 
of being one of the most practical and competent 
men in the business. He drilled scores of wells 
during his work in the Pennsylvania and West Vir- 
ginia fields, and his success was one of the features 
of the stories which reached the outside world of 
the wonderful wealth that had been unearthed in 
Pennsylvania and West Virginia. 

As has been told many times before, the days 
of the oil boom in Pennsylvania, when the 
petroleum beds were first discovered and tapped, 
were among the most exciting and picturesque in 
the industrial history of the United States. It can 
be compared only to the discovery of gold in 
California and the Klondike. Men made fortunes 
and threw them away, confident that there were 
others to be made when the first had vanished. 

Other men, however, realizing the importance 
of oil to the future of the country, kept their 
head and devoted themselves to the solid develop- 

ment of the business. The Rockefellers, the 
Teagles. the Tillotsons, the McDonalds, Mr. Youle 
and others were in this latter class, and they are 
the men who nursed the industry through its in- 
fancy, led it through its formative stages and, 
finally, brought it up to the point where it is one 
of the greatest factors in the world's progress. 

A pioneer in the oil industry, Mr. Youle ex- 
perienced the usual obstacles to be overcome in 
every new undertaking, and, while vast sums have 
come to his possession from 
his work of the earlier days, 
a large part of it necessarily 
went in his efforts to inter- 
est others and in further 
pushing the development of 
a great natural resource that 
at first met with little sym- 
pathy. The result is that to- 
day Mr. Youle is in most 
c o m f ortable circumstances, 
but does not claim to have 
accumulated wealth any- 
thing like some of the vast 
fortunes made by other men, 
some of whom were associ- 
ated with him, and others 
who followed in his wake. 

Mi. Youle has been a 
hard worker all his life and 
most of his success has been 
due to his willingness to at- 
tack a problem with all his 
physical and mental ener- 
gies. At one point of his 
career in the Pennsylvania 
regions, Mr. Youle, in addi- 
tion to his work as a con- 
tractor, held office as Super- 
intendent of the United States Oil Company at Oil 
City, Pa., and under his direction the property of 
the company was made one of the most profitable 
in the field. His efforts in connection with the de- 
velopment of this company, along with his other 
successes, attracted attention to him all over the 
country, and as a result, when a company of oiom- 
inent Californians wanted some one to inaugurate 
the oil business in that State, Mr. Youle was se- 
lected to handle the problem. 

In 1877 Mr. Youle was engaged by ex-Mayor 
Bryant of San Francisco and D. G. Scofield to drill 
a test well. He took men who had worked with 
him in the Eastern fields to a point near Newhall, 
Cal., and there put down the first paying oil well 
ever drilled in the Golden State. This well 
proved a producer from the start and it was the 
beginning of an era of development in California 
that has brought fortunes to the men engaged in 
it and has placed the industry at the head of the 
wealth-producing channels of the State. From that 
tine forward Mr. Youle has been one of the most 




active men in the oil business, and has been identi- 
fied with practically every successful field. 

After proving the Newhall field by drilling a 
number of producing wells. Mr. Youle, in 1880, 
went to Moody's Gulch, in Santa Clara County, Cal., 
and there proved a field, the oil being of very light 
gravity. In 1884 he moved to the Puente oil re- 
gion of California and repeated his successes. 

Six years after he put down his first well in the 
Puente district the attention of oil men generally 
was called to seepages in that part of Kern County, 
Cal., known now as the Sunset fields, and Mr. Youle 
went there as a contracting well driller. He was 
"the" first to arrive and to appreciate the advan- 
tages of the country and he remained in that ter- 
ritory from 1890 to 1901. During those eleven 
years he was almost ceaseless in his activities and 
not only aided largely in the development of the 
Sunset field, but also of the McKittrick and Midway 
fields, the latter being regarded as the richest oil 
district ever found on the American Continent. 
Mr. Youle put down over fifty wells in these fields. 
The oil industry in California has resulted m 
the establishment of several thriving towns. The 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company, quick to rec- 
ognize the commercial importance of the petroleum 
fields, first constructed a branch railroad to the 
McKittrick district and later to the Sunset and 
Midway centers With the introduction of the rail- 
road into the new oil country, thousands of set- 
tlers went there, and Mr. Youle, as one of the first 
successful operators, was one of the basic factors 
in the section's growth. 

Mr. Youle is justly called the pioneer of the 
California oil business because, with the first well 
in the Newhall district in 1877, he was first to 
demonstrate the practicability of oil producing in 
the State. He was a discoverer; and after being 
the first to prove that drilling was capable of ac- 
complishment, he led in the opening up of new 
territory and pointed the way to petroleum beds 
that others had never dreamed existed. Prior to 
his advent in California various college professors 
and noted geologists, consulted in the matter by 
prospective investors, had declared that there was 
no oil to be found in the State: but Mr. Youle and 
his associates demonstrated in the best kind of 
way — by drilling — that it was there, and as a re- 
sult thousands of wells are now pumping, and mil- 
lions of dollars are invested in the California fields 
— the world's richest and most productive oil lands. 
I luring his career in California, which has 
spanned a period of almost forty years. Mr. Youle 
has personally supervised the drilling of more than 
one hundred and fifty wells and today is known 
as "the" veteran of the business. He applied 
methods which made deep wells feasible, and much 
of the credit for finding oil at extreme depths, after 
the higher levels had failed to product . is due to 
him, although he disclaims the honor. 

Mr. Youle's efforts in the discovery and pro- 

duction of oil have not been without difficulties 
other than those presented by nature herself; 
on many occasions his experience was matched 
against that and the theories of others, but 
he developed numerous properties successfully 
against their opposition. Oftentimes he was con- 
demned for persisting in sinking his drill hundreds 
of feet below what was then considered the oil 
level, his critics declaring that it was impossible 
to drill to the depths contemplated by him. He 
persisted, however, and his judgment was finally 
vindicated by striking oil at the lower levels. 

In all his operations Mr. Youle has been guided 
by one thing — the firm conviction that California is 
full of oil, this conviction being based on his great 
experience in the various fields of the United States. 
In addition to his actual work in the fields, Mr. 
Youle has also been an important factor in the de- 
velopment of uses for oil. He handled the first car- 
load of oil that was used for fuel purposes in Los 
Angeles, this being delivered to the Lankershim 
Flour Mills of that city. This was one of the very 
earliest instances of the use of oil for fuel, but to- 
day it has become general for domestic use, trans- 
nortation and industrial lines. 

As is well known, the use of crude petroleum 
for fuel was delayed for a long time because it was 
not thought by business men and manufacturers 
that enough could be produced to make it worth 
while for the large corporations to install oil- 
burning plants in place of the coal-consuming kind. 
The rapid development of the California fields, 
however, and the production of oil in such tremen- 
dous quantities, swept away this opposition. Mr 
Youle was a strong advocate of the new fuel. 

Recognized as one of the country's greatest 
authorities on oil and oil-bearing lands, Mr. Youle's 
counsel is sought on numerous occasions. His 
judgment on oil matters is accepted as the last 
word and through him many hundred thousands of 
dollars have been safely invested in the business, 
while at the same time many other thousands have 
been saved to those who otherwise might have in- 
vested in losing propositions. Many men who have 
made fortunes in oil lay their success to his advice. 
Despite his fifty years of work. Mr. Youle is 
still in harness and takes an active part in the va- 
rious enterprises in which he is interested. His 
outdoor life in the fields has kept him a strong, 
vigorous, well-preserved man. 

Mr. Youle has maintained his residence in Los 
Angeles since the late seventies and has lent his 
aid to various civic movements which have served 
to place the city among the great American busi- 
ness centers, but has never taken a very active 
part in politics, nor has he ever had any ambition 
to hold public office. He is not a clubman, but 
gives most of his spare time to the quiet enjoy- 
ment of his home and family He finds relaxation 
in travel and in 1912 spent several months In visit- 
ilii; Europe and the British Isles. 





11 » 

PATTERSON, THOMAS W. (deceased), 
Financier, Land Owner, Banker, Fresno, 
California, was born at Perry, Wyoming 
County, New York, August 3, 1859, the son 
of Thomas J. and Sophia (Mace) Patterson. His 
paternal grandfather, Robert Patterson, was an of- 
ficer in the Revolutionary Army, his commission 
as a lieutenant now being in the possession of Mr. 
Patterson's immediate family. His maternal grand- 
father, Isaac Mace, was a native of Lowell. Mass., 
and a descendant of a noted New England Puri- 
tan family. His father was born and raised at 
Londonderry, New Hampshire, removing later to 
Wyoming County, New York, where he engaged 
in business as a manufacturer. Mr. Patterson mar- 
ried Lizzie Bernhard on November 16, 1S92, at 
Fresno, California. Mrs. Patterson, who was born 
in Mariposa County, California, was the daughter 
of George Bernhard, a California pioneer and an 
early settler at Fresno, that State. The issue of 
this union are Dorothy H. and John D. Patterson. 
Mr. Patterson received his early education in 
the primary and graded schools of Warsaw, New 
York. After leaving school he, for a time, en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits in Rochester, New 
York, going from there to Buffalo, New York, 
where he was employed until 1SS8, when he de- 
cided to go to California, to where he removed 
during that year. 

Locating at Fresno, Mr. Patterson from the 
very first became known as one of the enterpris- 
ing members of that community. Applying him- 
self to business with a zeal that knew no flagging, 
he steadily arose in financial resources and pub- 
lic esteem until he became, not only one of the 
foremost citizens of Fresno, but one of the solid up- 
builders of California. On his arrival at Fresno, 
Mr. Patterson had engaged in the real estate and 
loan business in a small way. This he developed 
along many lines until he became represented in a 
wide diversity of interests. 

In 1S96 he became associated with the Fresno 
National Bank, now one of the staunchest and 
soundest of California financial institutions, in 
189S he was elected a director of that institution 
and in 1900 became its president, holding that of- 
fice up to the time of his death. This bank is the 
second oldest national bank in Fresno, having 
been founded in 1888. It had, at the time of Mr 
Patterson's death, a capital of $200,000.00, with a 
surplus of $300,000.00. 

Mr. Patterson was always an important factor 
in the upbuilding of the city of Fresno, taking ac- 
tive part in all movements for public betterment, 
and never hesitating to bear his share in the civic 
burdens devolving upon the leading men of the 
city. He was always a sincere believer in the 
future of the country of which Fresno is the cen- 
ter, and backed with his money and ability his 
belief in the great future of the State of Cali- 
fornia. His investments and enterprise in con- 
nection with undeveloped lands marked him as 
one who backed his own convictions to the fullest 
extent of his ability. 

He erected two large business blocks in Fresno. 
The first one, on the northeast corner of Tulard 
and I Streets, is known as the Patterson Block. 
The second he built in company with Colonel For- 
syth, in 1904. At the time of its erection this last 
notable structure was the largest modern office 
building in Central California. 

Mr. Patterson founded the town of Patterson, 
Stanislaus County, California, in 1909, along mod- 
ern lines. He gave it a civic center of consider- 
able extent and laid out beautiful parks. Surround- 
ing this town he owned 19,000 acres of fertile land, 
which he subdivided and settled with 2000 agri- 
culturists, as prosperous a body of farmers as is' 
to be found anywhere within the borders of the 
United States. To irrigate this subdivision, 
known as "Patterson Irrigated Farms," he in- 
stalled in the San Joaquin River, entirely at his 
own expense and on its own initiative, the lar- 
gest pumping works for irrigation purposes in the 
United States. To all of his enterprises Mr. Pat- 
terson lent that sound, conservative judgment for 
which he was noted, with the result that success 
and prosperity followed in his footsteps. 

Mr. Patterson was President of the Fresno 
National Bank, President and founder of the Bank 
of Patterson, California, Director of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Clovis, California, President of the 
Central Land & Trust Company, President of the 
Fresno Building & Investment Company, and a 
Director of the Fresno Abstract Company. He was 
interested in numerous other substantial enter- 
prises besides his association with other bodies 
intended for State, county or city betterment. 

He was a member of the Sequoia Club of 
Fresno, the Sunnyside Country Club and the 
Riverside Country Club. 

He died at Fresno, California. March 14, 1914. 



General Manager, Pacific Light & 
Power Company, the Southern Cali- 
fornia Gas Company, and Vice President of 
the San Joaquin Light and Power Corpora- 
tion, Los Angeles, California, is a native of 
New York State, being born at Valley Falls, 
March 13, 1864. His father was Ebenezer 
Atwood Balch and his mother H a n n a h 
(Hoag) Balch. On April 
29, 1891, at Oakland. 
California, he married 
Janet Jacks. 

Mr. Balch was edu- 
c t e d in the public 
schools of his native 
State, including the Cam- 
bridge High School, after 
which he entered Cornell 
University, graduating in 
1889 with the degrees of 
M. E. and E. E. 

Immediately after his 
graduation Mr. Balch de- 
cided to go West, where 
greater opportunities 
were to be found. In 
1889 he moved to Seattle, 
where he became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Baker, 
Balch & Co., and shortly 
after a director and gen- 
e r a 1 manager of the 
Home Electric Company 
of that city. 

This company was 
merged with several 
other similar organizations and formed the 
Union Electrical Company, of which Mr. 
Balch was made the General Manager. He 
remained in this position for two years, re- 
signing in 1891 to accept a better office with 
the Union Power Company of Portland, Ore. 
He was made Manager of that company, 
which supplied light and power in Portland, 
especially all power for operation of the 
street railways there. 

In 1896 he moved to Los Angeles, where 
he became one of the founders of the San 
Gabriel Electric Company, the Sierra Power 
Company and the Mintone Power Company, 
three large corporations with gigantic plans 
for the future development of power in the 
Southwest. Later these companies were 
merged into the corporation known as the 
Pacific Light and Power Company. Included 
in this large organization were the San Ber- 


erside Power Company and the San Antonio 
Heights Railway Company. 

In conjunction with H. E. Huntington 
and \Y. G. Kerckhoff, Air. Balch purchased 
the City Gas Company, now the Southern 
California Gas Company. The management 
of these gigantic institutions demanded a 
man of exceptional training. Mr. Balch, with 
his qualifications consisting of education, ex- 
perience and executive 
ability, was selected to 
occupy the position of 
general manager of the 
combined organizations. 
Other corporations have 
been merged into the Pa- 
cific Light and Power 
Company, all of which 
come under Mr. Balch's 

In 1902 W. G. Kerck- 
hoff a n d .Mr. Bale h 
bought the San Joaquin 
Light and Power Com- 
pany, bringing the execu- 
tive offices of that con- 
cern to Los Angeles. A 
short time later the gas, 
railway and power cor- 
porations of Bakersfield 
and Merced were pur- 
chased by them and 
merged into the immense 
organization under the 
general managership of 
A. G. Wishon. 

Mr. Balch is heavily 
interested in the Coalinga Water and Elec- 
tric Company, which is in itself a corporation 
of no mean consequence: also in the Fresno 
Irrigated Farms Company, the Summit Lake 
Improvement Company and the Lerdo Land 
Company. He is a large stockholder and 
holds office in the following: General Man- 
ager, Pacific Light and Power Company ; 
General Manager, Southern California Gas 
Company ; Vice President, San Joaquin Light 
and Power Corporation, and Vice President 
Coalinga Light and Power Company. 

He is a member of the California Club, 
the Los Angeles Country Club and the Crags 
Country Club of Los Angeles ; and also of 
the Bohemian Club and Pacific Union Club 
of San Francisco. 

He is a thirty-second degree Mason, a 
Knight Templar, a Shriner. and while at 
Cornell University was a member of the 

nardino Gas and Electric Company, the Riv- Greek Letter Fraternity, Alpha Delta Phi. 



Vice President of the Southern Pa- 
cific Company, in charge of traffic, 
San Francisco, was born at Lafayette. In- 
diana, April 3, 1858. the son of O. II. P. 
McCormick and Marie Louise I De Vault) 
McCormick. In 1899 he came from Cin- 
cinnati to San Francisco to take the position 
ni" passenger traffic manager of the South- 
ern Pacific Company. He 
was married in 1897 at 
Cincinnati to .Miss Lily 
Henry and is the father 
of Louise McCormick 
(now Mrs. Robert B. 
Henderson), Ernest Oli- 
ver McCormick, Jr., and 
Mary Kilgore and Mar- 
garet Duer McCormick 
i twins I. 

He o b t a i n e d his 
schoolroom education in 
the public schools of La- 
fayette, Indiana. 

In 1879 Mr. McCor- 
mick began his eventful 
and progressive railway 
career, as a timekeeper in 
the construction depart- 
ment of the Lake Erie & 
Western Railroad. After 
serving in this capacity, 
as well as in other posi- 
tions, he was promoted 
to the post of ( ieneral 
Agent of the Freight De- 
partment of the Louis- 
ville, New Albany and Chicago Railway at 
Lafayette. Ind. His next move upward was 
to the position of General Agent of the Great 
Eastern freight line at Louisville. Kentucky. 
Subsequently he went over to the Passenger 
Department of railroading, and became City 
Passenger Agent of the Monon Route, at 
Louisville and Chicago. It was during his 
connection with this road that he began to 
realize his colonization ideas which have 
since proved so beneficial to the communi- 
ties in which he operated. Fully appreciat- 
ing the importance, both from the viewpoint 
of the railroad and from thai of general busi- 
ness, of increasing the desirable population of 
sparsely settled districts, he was chiefly in- 
strumental in establishing the < >cala and 
other colonies in Florida. 

In 1889 Mr. McCormick was made Gen- 
eral Passenger and Ticket Agent of the ( in- 
cinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railway, a post 
he retained until 1894, wln-n he became Pas 

e. ( ). Mccormick 

senger Traffic Manager of the Pig Four 
Railroad, with headquarters at Cincinnati. 
Five years later he moved to California to 
become Passenger Traffic Manager of the 
Southern Pacific Company, at San Francisco. 
On March 1, 1904, he was appointed Assist- 
ant Director of Traffic for the Union Pacific 
and the Southern Pacific lines; and in May, 
1910, he became Vice President of the South- 
ern Pacific Company and 
related lines, in charge of 
traffic from Portland. Or- 
egon, to El Paso, Texas. 
During this active ca- 
reer Mr. McCormick has 
seized his opportunities 
to develop what has be- 
come almost a hobby 
with him, viz., coloniza- 
tion. Few men, if any, 
have been individually re- 
sponsible for the growth 
of more communities 
than has E. O. McCor- 
mick. He not only had 
much to do with the or- 
ganization of colonization 
rates from the East to 
California, in 1901, but he 
has also helped materially 
to bring many important 
conventions to the West. 
Among his many projects 
in this and allied direc- 
tions may be mentioned 
the postal card mailing 
day for California, the 
"Raisin Day" propaganda and other similar 

Together with his associates he is now 
devoting much attention to the problem of 
providing the best possible facilities for the 
thousands of visitors who. it is expected, 
will be attracted to San Francisco by the 
Panama- Pacific International Exposition to 
be held in 1915. 

Beyond his railroad connections he is vice 
president of the American Association of Re 
frigeration, ex-president Association of Gen- 
eral Passenger and Ticket Agents, and a 
member of the Chicago Association oi Com- 
merce, Home Industry League of California, 
Merchants' Exchange of San Francisco, and 
the American Freight Traffic Gulf Associa- 
tion. Among his clubs are the Pacific-Union, 
Bohemian, Army and Navy, of San Fran- 
cisco; Burlingame Country, of Burlingame, 
San Mateo County, California: Chicago Club, 
and the Union League, of Chicago 






Mining Engineer, Cananea, Mexico, was 
born at Elkton, Maryland, December 19, 
1859, the son of Palmer C. Ricketts and 
Elizabeth (Getty) Ricketts. He is a brother of 
Professor Palmer Chamberlain Ricketts, the dis- 
tinguished engineer and educator, who has been 
President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute since 

Dr. Ricketts was graduated from the College of 
New Jersey, in the class of 1881, with the degree 
of Bachelor of Science. He was chosen a Fellow 
in Chemistry and W. S. Ward Fellow in Eco- 
nomic Geology at Princeton University immedi- 
ately following his graduation in 1881 and after 
two years of study he was given the degree of 
Doctor of Science (in course). 

Following the completion of his work at Prince- 
ton, Dr. Ricketts went to Colorado and started to 
work as a Mine Surveyor. For the fifteen years 
following, his time was chiefly occupied in recon- 
naisance work, geological work and mine examina- 

From 1887 to 1890 Dr. Ricketts was Geolo- 
gist for Wyoming and at the end of that period 
transferred his operations to the Southwest, 
where he has since been steadily engaged in large 
mining projects. He was identified with the ac- 
quisition of the property now owned by the 
Moctezuma Copper Company, a subsidiary of 
Phelps, Dodge & Company, located at Nacozari, 
Sonora, Mexico. From 1899 to 1901, he was Gen- 
eral Manager of the property and during his ad- 
ministration the concentrator and reduction works 
were completed and the mines put on a dividend- 
paying basis. 

While Dr. Ricketts has had extensive experi- 
ence in mine examination and management, iden- 
tified with most of the large and prosperous mines 
of the Southwest, his most important work has, 
undoubtedly, been in the construction of large 
modern smelting and concentrating plants. All of 
the plants erected by him have been successful 
and have brought about great decrease in the cost 
of handling the ores. 

Dr. Ricketts designed his first large concen- 
trators in 1897, when he installed one each for 
the Detroit Copper Mining Co. at Morenci, Arizona, 
and the Moctezuma Copper Co. at Nacozari, Mexico. 
These plants had a capacity of four hundred tons 
per day each and were among the first to adopt 
all steel construction, Dr. Ricketts being in per- 
sonal charge of their design and erection. 

Upon leaving the Moctezuma Copper Co. in 
1901, Dr. Ricketts went to Globe, Arizona, and there 
undertook the construction of a surface plant and 
the reopening of the mines of the Old Dominion 
Copper Mining & Smelting Co. He took this prop- 
erty when it was almusi wrecked, and under his 
administration it was put on a sound, producing 
basis. For the first time in its history it was made 
into a property of undoubted value as a dividend- 
payer, this being shown by the rise in its slock 
value, which advanced without artificial stimula- 
tion from $4.50 to $65.00 per share. The mines 
have been producing steadily since he transformed 
them and are now regarded as being among the 
best paying properties in Arizona. 

In 1903, Dr. Ricketts accepted appointment to 
the position of Consulting Engineer to the Cananea 
Consolidated Copper Co. He took absolute charge 
of the design and construction of the Company's 

new concentrator and upon the completion of his 
work, went to Europe, combining pleasure with 
business, and spent a great deal of time in the in- 
vestigation of modern engineering practice in the 
Old World. 

Returning to the United States in 1905, Dr. 
Ricketts, utilizing the knowledge gained in Europe, 
constructed a large coal washing plant for the Daw- 
son Fuel Company, at Dawson, New Mexico. This 
plant, which has a washing capacity of two hundred 
tons per hour, is the most modern of its character 
ever constructed in the United States. Belt con- 
veyors are largely used in the handling of material 
and the construction throughout the plant repre- 
sents the highest type of modern development. 

The various plants constructed by Dr. Ricketts 
are noted for the excellence of design and material 
and the sum total of their cost represents many 
millions of dollars. 

Dr. Ricketts in 1907 became identified with the 
Cananea Consolidated Copper Co. as President and 
General Manager and during his administration the 
works of the company, with the exception of the 
concentrators, have been completely overhauled 
and rebuilt, and placed upon a profitable basis. He 
devotes the greater part of his time to the direction 
of the company's affairs, but in addition to this, he 
has been in demand by most of the large mining 
interests of the Southwest in the capacity of Con- 
sulting Engineer. 

From his first entry into the Southwestern field, 
until 1907, Dr. Ricketts has acted in an advisory 
capacity to the great Phelps Dodge interests. He 
was chosen Consulting Engineer for the Calumet 
& Arizona Copper Co. in 1911, advising it in the 
design and construction of a great smelting plant 
at Douglas, Arizona. In 1911 also he accepted the 
post of Consulting Engineer with the Arizona 
Copper Co., Ltd., of Clifton, Arizona, and immedi- 
ately took full charge of the design and construc- 
tion of a new smelting plant which the company is 
building. He also re-designed and enlarged the 
Company's concentrators at Clifton. Another in- 
terest which Dr. Ricketts serves in the capacity of 
Consulting Engineer is the International Smelting 
& Refining Co. 

Dr. Ricketts is the author of "The Ores of Lead- 
ville and Their Modes of Occurrence," 1883; and 
"Geological Reports of the Geologist of Wyoming." 
1888, 1890, and various papers for technical socie- 
ties and periodicals. His paper entitled "Experi- 
ments in Reverberatory Practice at Cananea. 
Mexico," secured for him the gold medal of the In- 
stitution of Mining and Metallurgy of Great Britain 
for the year 1910. 

Dr. Ricketts is extremely active in the affairs 
of the Southwest and is interested in various 
financial and development projects. Among ties. 
are the Morenci Water Co., of which he is Presi- 
dent and Director, the Gila Valley Hank * Trust 
Company, of which lie is Vice President and Di- 
rector, and he also serves as Director of the Bank 
of Bisbee, Bisbee, Arizona, and the Raritan Cop- 
per Works. 

Dr. Rickets is a member of the American So- 
ciety of Civil Engineers, American Institute of 
Mining Engineers, American Association for tie 
Advancement of Science, and the Institution of 
Mining and Metallurgy of Great Britain. He is a 
member of various clubs, among them the Engi- 
neers' Club and the Railroad Club, both of New York 





Manager of the Calumet & Arizona Mining 
Company, Warren. Arizona, was born in 
Huntsville, Alabama, July 6, 1872, the son 
of Dr. Gilbert Christian Greenway and Alice 
(White) Greenway. He is descended of a notable 
line of Southerners, his father and grandfather 
having been soldiers under the Confederate flag. 
Isaac Shelby, first Governor of Kentucky, and Cap- 
tain John Campbell, of King's Mountain fame, two 
members of the family, stand conspicuous in 
Colonial day history. 

Mr. Greenway, who ranks today with the world s 
great mine managers, had splendid educational ad- 
vantages, but to this he added practical experience. 
He was graduated from the Episcopal High School 
at Alexandria, Virginia, then entered Andover Acad- 
emy at Andover. Mass. He attended the University 
of Virginia and from there went to Yale University, 
where he received his technical training. He was a 
conspicuous figure in Yale from his freshman year, 
when he was chosen a member of the "University" 
football team. He was graduated with the degree 
of Ph. B.; was voted President of his class, also the 
most popular man. He played right end on the 
famous McCormick and Hinkey football elevens of 
1892 and 1893 and was catcher for the famous 
"Dutch" Carter on the 'varsity baseball nines of 
those years— all part of the history of the university. 

Upon leaving college Mr. Greenway sought to 
learn the practical side of the steel business, be- 
ginning at the very bottom. His first employment 
was as helper in the Duquesne furnaces of the 
Carnegie Steel Company, where he worked for a 
dollar and thirty-two cents per day. In time he 
was advanced to the post of foreman of the Me- 
chanical Department and was thus engaged when 
the Spanish-American war was declared in 1898. 

Leaving his work, he hastened alone to San 
Antonio, Texas, and there enlisted as a private in 
the famous Rough Rider Regiment, of which Theo- 
doer Roosevelt was Colonel. He served throughout 
the war with his regiment and, brief though those 
hostilities were, was twice promoted, on one oc- 
casion for "bravery and gallantry in action." He 
was promoted to Second Lieutenant, and at the 
battle of San Juan Hill was advanced to First Lieu- 
tenant because of the extraordinary courage dis- 
played by him in that historic engagement. He 
was also recommended to Congress by Colonel 
Roosevelt for the brevet of Captain. In his his- 
tory of the "Rough Riders." Colonel Roosevelt paid 
a splendid tribute to Captain Greenway: 

"A strapping fellow, entirely fearless, modest 
and quiet, with the ability to take care of the men 
under him so as to bring them to the highest point 
of soldierly perfection, to be counted upon with 
absolute certainty in every emergency; not only 
doing his duty, but always on the watch to find 
some new duty which he could construe to be his, 
ready to respond with eagerness to the slightest 
suggestion of doing something, whether it was 
dangerous or merely difficult and laborious " 

Returning from Cuba with a splendid war rec- 
ord, Greenway re-entered the steel business, and, 
after a year, was promoted Assistant Superinten- 
dent of the United States Steel Corporation's rn in.-s 
at Ishpeming, Michigan. His work in this connec- 
tion was of such high caliber that when the Steel 
Corporation purchased of J. J. Hill the Great North- 
ern Iron Ore lease on the Mesaha Range in North- 
ern Minesota he was chosen for the post of Gen- 
eral Superintendent of the undertaking This was 
one of the most extensive operations ever launched 

by the great corporation, and Captain Greenway's 
conduct of it was a personal triumph, almost as 
celebrated as the famous Hill ore lands themselves. 

Going to the range in the late summer of 1906, 
Captain Greenway located the town of Coleraine, 
on the shore of a picturesque lake, and began work 
immediately. His entire stay in that region was 
characterized by a perfection of organization, in 
which regard for the hundreds of men who worked 
under him was mingled with a strict discipline 
which made the enterprise one of the great indus- 
trial successes of his generation. In addition to 
the actual work of superintending the operation 
of the plant, Captain Greenway also served as 
monitor of the town and its people. He encouraged 
home-building, governed the place with an iron 
hand in the matter of gambling and other forms of 
dissipation and, in addition, caused the installation 
of various utilities and numerous public conven- 
iences. These latter included a library, a perfectly- 
equipped hospital, a school building casting $75,000, 
an athletic field and extensive parks. His other 
public services included his inducing the Steel Cor- 
poration to install the sewer, water and light sys- 
tems of the town without expense to the employes. 

"The World Today." referring to him and his 
work on the Mesaba Range, characterized him: 

"A man of exemplary habits, who inhibits dissi- 
pation by example; a tireless worker, this man who 
does things is of that new type of Americans who 
can serve corporations and at the same time serve 
their day and generation." 

Upon the completion of his work in the Mesaba 
region Captain Greenway, 1910, accepted appoint- 
ment as General Manager of the mining operations 
of the Calumet & Arizona Mining Company of Bis- 
bee, Arizona. His offices are located at Warren, 
a suburb of Bisbee, and in the handling of the af- 
fairs of the company he has displayed the same 
talent for effective organization and telling results 
that distinguished him in his previous work. 

The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company is the 
lustiest young copper giant of Arizona, now rank- 
ing as the tenth largest copper producer in the 
world and just beginning to get into its stride. 
The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company is the 
only large copper company in Arizona not running 
its own store and railroad, considering it both a 
fair and let live policy to leave such to others. 

The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company is now 
building the most modern smelter in the world for 
its increasing tonnage of Bisbee ores, at Douglas, 
and, under Captain Greenway's aggressive manage- 
ment, is acquiring additional properties of promise 
in many Arizona camps. 

In addition to his professional work. Captain 
Greenway has taken an active personal interest in 
public affairs and, while he has never been a seeker 
for public office, has been a steadfast supporter of 
Colonel Roosevelt in political matters. The two 
men became close personal friends during their 
army days and this has grown steadily stronger. 

Captain Greenway was one of the sponsors of the 
National Progressive Party and was one of the self- 
constituted committee which brought that party 
into being by inviting and personally escorting 
Colonel Roosevelt to the Progressive National Con- 
vention, held in Chicago, June. 1912. 

He was elected by the Progressive party as 
Presidential Elector of the State of Arizona, was :i 
member of the Board of Regents of the University 
of Arizona, is President of the Yale Alumni Asso- 
ciation of Arizona. President of the Warren Dis- 
trict Country Club and a member ot the Sous of 
the American Revolution 



HANNA, RICHARD HENRY, Justice of the 
Supreme Court of New Mexico, Santa 
Fe, New Mexico, was born at Kankakee, 
Illinois, July 31, 1878, the son of Isaac 
Bird Hanna and Belle (Hall) Hanna. He mar- 
ried Clara Zimmer at Santa Fe on February 8, 

Justice Hanna received his preliminary edu- 
cation in the public schools of Kankakee, leav- 
ing the High School to enter Northwestern 
Academy at Evanston, Il- 
linois, and was graduated 
in 1S9S. Shortly after his 
graduation. Justice Hanna 
moved to Flagstaff, Arizona, 
where he entered the serv- 
ice of the United States 
Government as a forest ran- 
ger. It was while serving 
in this capacity that he de- 
cided to take up the study 
of law and in 1900 he en- 
tered the Law School of 
the University of Colorado 
at Boulder, from which he 
was graduated in the class 
of 1903 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. 

Immediately following the 
completion of his studies, he 
moved to New Mexico, locat- 
ing at Santa Fe, and began 
practice. In May, 1904, he 
succeeded to the practice of 
George W. Knaebel and from 
that time forward has been 
one of the leaders of the pro- 
fession in the Southwest. 
He was elected Secretary of 
the New Mexico Territorial 
Bar Association in 1904 and 
served until 1907. Also, he 
was Secretary of the Terri- 
torial Law Library Board for 
seven years (1904-11) resign- 
ing this when he became a candidate for the bench. 

In 1909 Justice Hanna formed a partner- 
ship with Francis C. Wilson under the name 
of Hanna & Wilson, this continuing until January 
1, 1912, when he ascended the Bench of the 
Supreme Court. This is the only office for which 
Justice Hanna has ever stood as a candidate 
and he has the distinction of having been one of 
the youngest men in the history of the country 
to be honored by election to such high office. 
Elected in November, 1911, he drew a term of 
seven years and since assuming the duties of this 
important branch of the first State Government 
of New Mexico he has made a splendid record for 
fairness and careful handling of the problems 
which have presented themselves to the court for 

During his legal career, which extended over 
a period of nine years, Justice Hanna conducted 
a general practice, but was looked upon as an 
authority in irrigation matters. This is one of 
the most important branches of modern develop- 
ment in the Southwest and Justice Hanna's pre- 
vious experience as a forest ranger, together 
with the great amount of time he devoted to the 
study of this subject, placed him in a position to 
deal with this class of litigation more intelligently 


than attorneys less familiar with that subject. 
Justice Hanna has been affiliated with the Pro- 
gressive wing of the Republican party and for ten 
years has taken an active part in all political cam- 
paigns in New Mexico, but neither sought nor ac- 
cepted any public office until he was nominated 
for the position to which he was elected at the 
first State election held in his adopted State. His 
choice as the candidate for the Supreme Court 
was non-partisan and occasioned an unusual, pop- 
ular demonstration in which 
voters of other parties joined. 
In March, 1911, Justice 
Hanna was designated as 
one of a committee of three, 
by the Progressive Republi- 
cans of New Mexico, to visit 
Washington, D. C, for the 
purpose of working for the 
so-called Flood Resolution 
(providing an easier method 
of amendment of the State 
Constitution), Governor Hag- 
erman and General Viljoen, 
being other members of the 
committee. Through the co- 
operation of the Democratic 
Committee from New Mexico 
and the Democrats and Pro- 
gressive Republicans in Con- 
gress they were successful 
in gaining their point, over 
the opposition of all the cor- 
porate interests in New Mex- 
ico and the Regular Republi- 
can organization. Following 
the adoption of the Flood 
Resolution by Congress the 
people of New Mexico rati- 
fied it by a large majority, 
thus making the State Con- 
stitution possible of amend- 
ment. The position of Jus- 
tice Hanna and his col- 
leagues was generally mis- 
understood and greatly misrepresented and they 
were charged with opposition to Statehood, but 
subsequent events proved the correctness of their 

To Justice Hanna this appears to be one of the 
most important features of the new State's Con- 
stitution because it permits of adjusting the law 
more readily to the rapidly changing conditions. 

Since assuming office as a member of the Su- 
preme Court, Justice Hanna and his associates 
have had to deal with numerous important and 
intricate problems of law and in the handling of 
these he has displayed extraordinary powers of 
analysis. His decisions are distinguished for their 
clearness and brevity, being stripped of all un- 
necessary language in arriving at the point. 

Besides his legal activities, Justice Hanna has 
taken part in the upbuilding of Santa Fe as a 
city, having served as President of the Santa Fe 
Commercial Club during the year 1910. He is also 
a Director of the United States National Bank and 
Trust Company of Santa Fe. 

Justice Hanna is a prominent factor in frater- 
nal affairs. His memberships include the Santa 
Fe Club. Elks and Masons. He is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, Deputy of the Supreme Council of 
the A. A. S. R. of Freemasonry. 



KAYS, JAMES CHARLES, Vice Pres., Park 
Bank, Los Angeles, California, was born 
in Santa Barbara, California, May 5, 1850, 
the son of John C. Kays and Josephine 
(Burke) Kays. He married Alice Benedict at 
Booneville, Missouri, January 30, 1883, and to them 
there have been born four children, James Walter, 
Ruth Josephine, Cecelia Catherine and Florence 
Frances Kays. He is of Irish descent, his father 
having been a native of County Roscommon 

Mr. Kays' education was 
fragmentary. He attended 
the public schools of Santa 
Barbara, but was compelled 
to give up his studies at the 
age of thirteen, owing to fin- 
ancial reverses suffered by 
his father, and went to work 
as clerk in the general store 
of his uncle at Santa Ynez, 
Cal. He devoted his spare 
hours to study, however, and 
when he was about fifteen 
years of age, matriculated for 
the Christian Brothers' Col- 
lege at Santa Ynez. He paid 
his own tuition, but at the 
end of two years again was 
forced to give up his studies 
and work for the maintenance 
of his family. 

When he was twenty 
years old, Mr. Kays took up 
mining in Nevada and in 
Inyo County, Cal. This was 
the actual beginning of a 
career, which, although suc- 
cessful in the ultimate, was 
filled with various setbacks. 
After mining successfully for 
a time, he located, in 1870, 
at the town of Cerro Gordo, 
near Lone Pine, Cal., in the ' Q 

region whence the Los An- 
geles water supply now flows, 

and there bought out a small general merchandise 
store. This he operated with success until 1872, 
when the region was visited by a series of earth- 
quakes which continued at intervals for months, 
and Mr. Kays sold out his business and left that 
part of the State. 

He went to Santa Barbara for a time and early 
in 1874 went to Los Angeles, where he entered 
the employ of the then leading hardware establish- 
ment of the city. Harper & Long, now known as 
the Harper, Reynolds Co. He was a Democrat in 
his political affiliation and early took an interest 
in the affairs of his party. This led, in 1877, to 
his appointment as Deputy, under County Clerk 
A. W. Potts, and he later served as Undersheriff 
with Sheriffs Henry M. Mitchell and W. R. Rowland 
of Los Angeles County. 

In 1879, Mr. Kays was elected City Treasurer 
of Los Angeles and was twice re-elected, in 1882 
and 1884, his administrations being marked for 
economy in the handling of the city's financial 
affairs and the inauguration of business methods. 
Upon retiring from office in lKRfi. Mr. Kays 
was appointed United States Revenue Stamp 
Agent for the Los Angeles District under 
Collector Ellis and served in that capacity until 
1887, when be resigned to accept the Democratic 

nomination for Sheriff. Los Angeles County 
then included a vast amount of territory, which 
has since been changed into other counties, but 
the campaign was notable for the fact that the 
Democrats overcame a Republican majority of 
4000 that year. Mr. Kays served one term and 
declined a second nomination. 

From 1889 to 1892 Mr. Kays was Receiver and 
Manager of the Citizens' Water Company, which sup- 
plied water to the hill section of Los Angeles, and 
then for about two and a 
half years operated the plant 
as trustee for the bondhold- 
ers of the company. In 1898, 
when a dispute between the 
city and the company over 
the purchase of the water 
system by the former came 
to a focus, Mr. Kays was 
chosen to represent the city 
on the Arbitration Commis- 
sion appointed to clear up 
the situation. The company 
had demanded a price for 
the property which the city 
deemed exorbitant, and the 
City Council had offered a 
figure which the company 
declared was little better 
than confiscation, with the 
result that negotiations were 
deadlocked. Through Mr. 
Kays a compromise was 
reached, the city paying 
$2,000,000 for the property. 
This price satisfied both 
sides, and the city has since 
received the purchase price 
many times over. 

Mr. Kays embarked in 
banking in 1902, when he 
and a group of Los Angeles 
financiers took over the 
j£ \YS charter of the Riverside Bank 

& Trust Co. of Los Angeles, 
which had been in existence 
since 1891. They reorganized the institution as the 
Dollar Savings Bank & Trust Company, with $50,000 
capital. A little over a year later the capital was 
increased to $100,000 and the scope of the bank en- 
larged. Mr. Kays was made Vice President and 
later President, until 1907, when the bank became 
the Park Bank, of which he is now Vice Pres. and 
his son, James Walter Kays, Cashier, 

Mr. Kays has figured as administrator of several 
large estates and as director and trustee in many 
other financial enterprises. He is esteemed as a 
substantial business man and upbuilder and has 
lent his efforts on many occasions to civic move- 
ments which have aided in the development of the 
city. He served as a member, at different times, ol 
the Los Angeles Water Board, the Park Commission 
and Public Service Commission. 

-Mr. Kays has been active in philanthropic works 
and was one of the organizers of the Associated 
Charities of Los Angeles, in which he has been 
Vice Pres. since its inception in 1S92. He has 
served as Treas. and Director of the Chamber of 
Commerce and is a Director in other organizations. 
He is a member California Club and Newman 
Club — the latter an organization of Catholic lay- 
men — of which he served as President and Director 
for over ten years, 






Point Loma and San Diego, California, ana 
Chicago, Illinois, was born at Byron, Ogle 
County, Illinois, September 2, 1850. His 
parents were James Lawrence Spalding and Har- 
riet Irene (Goodwill) Spalding. 

The Spalding patronymic is a very old and hon- 
orable Anglo-Saxon name, probably derived from 
the town of Spalding, in Lincolnshire, England, 
which place gained its title from the tribal name, 
Spaldas, left by the Romans after the conquest. 

The Spaldings trace back their lineage to the 
sea-kings of the Baltic, for they are doubtless of 
Danish origin, and all their endowments of spirit, 
brain and brawn, show them to be still in posses- 
sion of the strenuous qualities of their fighting 
Saxon forbears. 

Members of the Spalding family have been 
prominently known in music, literature, the arts 
and sciences, from early times. In the commercial 
\vor!d, in the pulpit, as authors, journalists, jurists, 
surgeons, and in all the learned professions, the 
name Spalding appears frequently and in high 
places. Albert Spalding, namesake and nephew of 
A. G. Spalding, is now one of the world's most 
famous violinists. 

The geographical influence of the Spalding 
family in America is wide-spread, there being 
towns named Spalding in Illinois. Michigan, Wis- 
consin, Missouri, Ohio, Nebraska, Alabama. Iowa 
and Maine, this name doubtless having been given 
in recognition of the achievements or personal 
worthiness of descendants of Edward Spalding, of 
the Massachusetts Bay colony, who, first coming 
to Virginia, about A. D. 1619, later took up his 
home in New England, where he founded the 
American branch of the Spalding family. 

When Albert G. Spalding was about eight years 
old, his father died and the lad removed with his 
mother from Byron to Rockford, Illinois, where he 
entered the public schools and laid the foundation 
for his education. 

The Spaldings had always been noted for splen- 
did physical development, strong, aggressive tem- 
perament, keen and analytical judgment. It was 
quite natural then that a scion of such a family 
should early in life manifest the possession of 
faculties peculiarly adapting him for the great 
American game of baseball, which made its advent 
only a few years in advance of his birth. He first 
learned of this pastime from a paroled soldier of 
the Civil War, who, returning from the front, 
wounded, brought to Rockford interesting stories 
of a new game played by soldiers of both armies 
between engagements on the field of battle. 

Young Spalding soon found himself practicing 
this new sport with his companions on the com- 
mons at Rockford. He was quick to acquire the 
rudiments of the game and gained especial pro- 
ficiency as a pitcher in a very short time. He first 
played with the juvenile Pioneers, composed of 
Rockford school boys, but it was not long until his 
services were in demand in teams made up of 
players much older than he. He was secured by 
the Forest City Club, of Rockford. for which or- 
ganization he won deserved fame, for the players 
of thai team defeated every ball club of any pre- 
tensions in the Middle West and then went upon 
a sensationally victorious journey through the 
large cities of the Fast. 

Prom the Forest City amateur club he was in- 
duced to go to the original Boston Club of profes- 
sionals, for which organization he won the cham- 

pionship pennant four years in succession — 1872-3-4 
and 5. He then went with some of his Boston 
teammates to Chicago, in 1876, where, pitching for 
the White Stockings, of which he was also man 
ager, he again won the flag, establishing a record 
that has never yet been equaled by any profes- 
sional league pitcher. During these five years, he 
played almost daily, pitching in nearly every game. 

In 1876, he was instrumental, with William A. 
Hulbert. in organizing the National League of 
Baseball Clubs. This marked an era in the game, 
for previous to that date all national organizations 
has been associations of baseball players. 

Coincident with the formation of the great pio- 
neer major league, Mr. Spalding threw himself, 
with all the force of his energetic, battling nature, 
into a fight for the elimination of drunkenness, 
rowdyism and gambling from the national pastime. 
To his efforts, as to those of no other man perhaps, 
is due the fact that these evils, which at one time 
threatened the very life of America's national 
game, were driven out. 

Ever since the formation of the Nationa' League, 
until the organization of the National Commission, 
Mr. Spalding has been prominent in the councils 
of those who have directed the large affairs of the 
game, and in 1901, when a concerted effort was 
made by certain magnates to syndicate baseball — as 
the theatrical interests of the country have been 
gathered under a trust — he made the fight single- 
handed that resulted in the overthrow of a scheme 
that would have prostituted a nation's pastime. 

One of the most notable achievements of Mr. 
Spalding's baseball career was the organization 
and carrying out of a project to introduce the 
American game to foreign lands. This he did in 
1888 by enlisting the services of two teams of star 
professionals, whom he took on a world girdling 
voyage, visiting Hawaii, New Zealand. Australia. 
India, Egypt, Italy, France and Great Britain, play- 
ing games in all those countries showing its quali- 
ties before the peoples of the Antipodes, exhibiting 
its peculiarities with the Sphinx as a back stop, 
and demonstrating the ability of American base- 
ball players to acquit themselves with credit in 
contests with the best of British cricketers at the 
national game of Great Britain and her colonies. 

In 1911, Mr. Spalding published a book entitled 
"America's National Game," which is the most pre- 
tentious volume ever written on the subject of 
baseball. This book has had a very wide sale, 
which still continues, owing to its historical excel- 
lence and literary merits. 

While paying a visit to England in 1 ST i. in con- 
nection with the first trip of American ball players 
to a foreign country. Mr. Spalding's quick eye de 
tected commercial conditions that led to the later 
establishment of the great sporting goods house of 
A. G. Spalding & Bros. In seeking to secure an 
outfit that would equip him to play the game of 
cricket in good form. Mr. Spalding noted that in 
London shops every tiling was specialized. Did he 
want a cricket ball, he must get it from one house 
Did he want a cricket hat or cap, he must go to 
another. For a cricket uniform or shoes, he had to 
find the shop of Smith, or Jones, or Robinson. The 

result of his tedious shopping Inspired in his 
mind the question. Why not have an athletic goods 
emporium where all th>' accessories of sporl can be 
bought under one root".' Why should there not be 
established a house where the uniforms and imple- 
ments of every form of sport could be purchased? 
The problem thus presented to the ambitious 
young ball player tilled his n>ind until it found a 



solution in the formation, in 1876, of a copartner- 
ship between A. G. Spalding and his brother, J. 
Walter Spalding, at Chicago. The history of A. G. 
Spalding & Bros, has no place here, but the fact 
that the business of the small concern that was 
founded in 1876 has grown until it requires the aid 
of an army of employes, and branch houses in all 
leading cities of the United States, Canada, Great 
Britain and Australia to meet the demands upon it, 
is certainly a tribute to the business sagacity of 
A. G. Spalding, its founder. 

Mr. Spalding has had a political career, brief but 
sensational. The first primary election of Cali- 
fornia bearing upon the choice of U. S. Senator, 
was held August 16, 1910. The last preceding Leg- 
islature had enacted the first measure providing 
for such an election. The bill had provoked much 
discussion and occupied a good deal of the session. 
Finally, shortly before adjournment, it was enacted 
into law, receiving the unusual endorsement of a 
unanimous vote of all members, representing every 
shade of political partisanship. 

The law as passed provided for a choice of can- 
didates for the United States Senatorship by the 
several legislative districts of the State. It was 
in accord with the spirit of the Constitution of the 
United States. It was to safeguard the rights and 
interests of the people of all sections. It was recog- 
nized that by no other means could fair represen- 
tation be given to suburban peoples. It was known 
that choice of representatives in the upper house 
of Congress, under popular vote, would mean the 
selection invariably of candidates from the con- 
gested localities; that the rural districts, though 
having plenty of available Senatorial timber, would 
forever be eliminated, as in other years, from all 
hopes of preferment for their favorite sons. 

There had been for a long time in California an 
unwritten political law that United States Sena- 
torial representation should alternate between the 
northern and souhern sections of the State; that 
is when the Senator who was to continue in 
office had his home north of the Tehachapi the one 
to be elected should live south of that line. It 
happened that first after the passage of the pri- 
mary law, the election to be held was to fill the 
place made vacant in the United States Senate by 
the expiration of the term of Senator Frank Flint, 
of Los Angeles. As Hon. Geo. Perkins, the hold- 
over Senator, was from Oakland, it was conceded 
that the new candidate should be from the South. 

Senator Flint declining to be a candidate for re- 
election, Los Angeles placed two Republicans in 
the field, John D. Works (Lincoln-Roosevelt fac- 
tion), and Mr. E. A. Meserve, the opposition. 

Prominent citizens of San Diego, and friends 
from different parts of the State, urged Mr. Spalding 
to enter the race. He declined the honor, assuring 
his would-be constituents that he had no political 
ambitions; had never been a candidate for public 
office and had no faith to believe he could be made 
United States Senator under existing political con- 
ditions in California, since he belonged to no fac- 
tion, but was simply a Republican. His friends, 
however, were importunate, and he at last con- 
sented, reluctantly, to be a candidate. 

He had just thirty days in which to make his 
campaign. The primary election was held August 
10. The result showed that A. G. Spalding had 
carried the legislative districts of the State, under 
the primary law, by an overwhelming majority 
over both his competitors. E. A. Meserve received 
the vote in five districts. John W. Works had ma- 
jorities in forty districts, and A. G. Spalding carried 
seventy-five districts, and, many eminent laywers 

declared, was clearly entitled to an election by 
the Legislature under a law of its own enactment. 

Then began a remarkable exhibition of political 
pulling and hauling to secure the election of John 
D. Works. The Spalding people contended that in- 
asmuch as Mr. Spalding had carried a majority of 
the districts he should be elected U. S. Senator by 
the Legislature when it assembled. The Works peo- 
ple held to the view that the popular majority se- 
cured by Works entitled him to the Senatorship. The 
controversy raged fiercely over the construction of 
the primary law and as to whether or not members 
of the Legislature were bound by the will of the 
voters in their district as reflected in the election. 

The political organization which was in control 
of the State and the State Legislature declared 
that Works should be chosen and Mr. Spalding was 
defeated. Former U. S. Senator Cornelius Cole of 
Los Angeles declared this defeat of Mr. Spalding 
and the election of John D. Works "the most in- 
famous political outrage of modern times." 

Whatever the merits of the controversy in other 
respects, the fact remains that the contention in be- 
half of Spalding's choice was based upon the strict 
letter of the primary law, while that of his competi- 
tor was founded solely upon the desires of political 
party managers. 

Since making his home in California, about a 
dozen years ago, Mr Spalding has been deeply in- 
terested in and closely connected with the good 
roads movement. He began by personal activity 
in behalf of road improvement in the vicinity of 
his home on Point Loma. The excellence of the 
roads constructed by him, at his own expense, 
attracted attention of the people of San Diego, who, 
through the local authorities, urged him to build a 
similar road connecting the city with Ocean Beach, 
Roseville and the United States Military and Naval 
Reservation. This has become famous as one of 
the best boulevard systems of America. It was 
largely through Mr. Spalding's persona! efforts that 
the Government was induced to make an appropria- 
tion of $40,000 for an extension of this system 
along the crest of Point Loma, to the Old Spanish 
Lighthouse, a magnificent scenic drive. 

As a result of his boulevard work, he was urged 
to take charge of a movement to secure a bond is- 
sue of $1,250,000 for the construction of about 500 
miles of roads in the back country of San Diego 
County. The issue carried by a very large majority 
of the county votes, and a Commission (A. G. Spald- 
ing, John D. Spreckels and E. W. Scripps) was ap- 
pointed to undertake the enterprise. The work was 
placed in the hands of A. B. Fletcher (later Chief 
Eng., Cal., State Highway Comms.), who laid the 
foundation for the system. 

Mr. Spalding was elected Vice Pres. of the 
"Ocean-to-Ocean" Highway Assn., with headquar- 
ters at Los Angeles; but learning that the organiza- 
tion proposed to construct the western length 
through a pathless desert of shifting sands, he de- 
clined to serve. 

Mr. Spalding is President and executive head 
of the San Diego Securities Company, having an 
authorized capital of $2,000,000, with $1,250,000 paid 
up. The company owns in fee simple several miles 
of harbor frontage on San Diego Bay, and consid- 
erably over one thousand acres of beautiful villa 
property on the scenic crest of Point Loma. It also 
owns valuable property at National City as well as 
the land upon which is located the club house and 
18-ho'e course of the Point Loma Golf Club. 

Mr. Spalding is a member of the French Legion 
of Honor, and possesses the medal of that order. 
He belongs to numerous social and commercial 
clubs in the larger cities of the country. 



formerly Attorney-at-Law, Los Angeles, 
California, was born in Hauntown, Clinton 
County, Iowa, on December 5, 1852. His 
father was John Q. Graves, and his mother Kath- 
erine Jane (Haun) Graves. Mr. Graves was mar- 
ried October 23, 1879, in Los Angeles, to Alice 
H. Griffith, the issue being: Alice Graves Stew- 
art, wife of H. F. Stewart; Selwyn E. Graves, de- 
ceased (March 1, 1908); Katherine Graves Arm- 
strong, wife of E. S. Arm 
strong; Jackson A. Graves 
deceased (March 23. 1910) 
and Francis Porter Graves 
The Graves family re 
moved to California in Oc 
tober, 1857, locating first in 
Marysville, Yuba County, 
where Mr. Graves received 
his first education from the 
public schools of that town. 
He later attended the San 
Francisco High School, from 
which he graduated in 1869. 
His home in the meantime 
had been moved to San 
Mateo County, California 
(1867). After graduating 
from the San Francisco 
High School, Mr. Graves en- 
tered St. Mary's College, 
San Francisco, graduating 
from that institution in May, 
1872, with the degree of A. 
B., and in 1873 from the 
same college with the de- 
gree of A. M., after which 
he began the study of law 
in the offices of the firm 
of Eastman and Neumann 
On June 5, 1875, Mr 


San Francisco. 
Graves moved to Los An- 
geles, where he continued his law studies with Mr. 
Eastman, who had gone to Los Angeles and formed 
a partnership with the late Judge Brunson. On 
January 13, 1876, Mr. Graves was admitted to prac- 
tice by the Supreme Court of the State of Califor- 
nia, and then was formed the law firm of Brunson, 
Eastman and Graves. 

From that time on until he forsook the law for 
the intricacies of finance Mr. Graves had a con- 
tinuous advancement in position in his profession. 

The firm of Brunson. Eastman and Graves was 
dissolved in June, 1878, and the young attorney 
practiced alone with most satisfactory results until 
June 1, 1880, when he associated himself with the 
late John S. Chapman in the firm of Graves and 
Chapman; this connection endured until January 
1, 1885, when this firm was dissolved and Mr 
Graves united his ability with that of Henry \V. 

O'Melveny, the designation being Graves and 
O'Melveny, the firm being formed on April 10, 
1888; later Mr. J. H. Shankland was admitted to 
the firm and the title read Graves, O'Melveny and 
Shankland until January 1, 1904, when Mr. Graves 
withdrew from the practice in order to assume the 
position of Vice President of the Farmers and 
Merchants' Bank of Los Angeles. 

He had already, back in 1901, become Vice 
President, the President being 1. W. Hellman, 
whose enlarged interests 
about this time called him 
to San Francisco, and in 
June, 1903, Mr. Graves en- 
tered actively into the man- 
agement of the bank. 

From this time the indi- 
cation of his talent for busi- 
ness affairs which M r. 
Graves had given by his 
wise investments and ca- 
pacity for foresight were 
thoroughly justified; he or- 
ganized the first title and 
abstract company in the 
city; then his activities took 
the direction of oil matters 
and he built, with Edward 
Strasburg, storage tanks 
near the Llewellyn Iron 
Works, having organized the 
Oil Storage and Transporta- 
tion Company; this property 
is now owned by the Amal- 
gamated Oil Company; since 
that period his interests 
in oil properties throughout 
the State have vastly in- 

Another industry in which Mr. Graves is largely 
interested is orange growing. He started in 
growing citrus fruits more than thirty years ago, 
and, despite his increasing responsibility in con- 
nection with other interests, stilUis active in his 

Besides his active place as Vice President 
of the Farmers and Merchants' Hank, Mr. Graves 
is Vice President of the Southern Trust Company, 
President of the Farmers and Merchants' National 
Bank of Redondo, California, President of the 
I'nited States National Hank of Azusa, California, 
and is a director in the following institutions: 
Security Savings Hank and the United States Na- 
tional [tanks ot I. os Angeles; of the Whittior \'a 

tional Bank of Whlttier, California; of the Pii 

National Hank of Monrovia. California: ol the First 
National Bank ol El Monte. California; of the Na- 
tional Hank of Long Beach, and of the Long Beach 
Savings Hank and Trust Company. 






Washington, President of the Times Print- 
ing Company and Editor-in-Chief of The 
Seattle Times, was born in the town of 
Knox, Waldo County, Maine, December 27, 1846, 
the son of Alden Blethen and Abbigail Blethen. 
He is of English and Scotch-Irish descent and 
comes of one of the oldest families in this coun- 
try, members having emigrated to America about 
1658, settling first at Salem, Mass., but later go- 
ing to Ipswich, Mass., where they took up their 
permanent residence. From this latter point mem- 
bers of the family scattered throughout the New 
England States and ultimately drifted to the Cen- 
tral West and the Pacific Coast, where Captain 
James Blethen became Warden of the Port of San 
Francisco, an office he held for twenty-one years, 
or up until the time of his death, about 1907. 

Colonel Blethen was married at Farmington, 
Maine, March 12, 1869, to Miss Rose A. Hunter and 
to them were born four children, A. J., Jr., Busi- 
ness Director of The Times; C. B., its Managing 
Editor; Florence and Marion R. Blethen. All the 
members of Colonel Blethen's family are stock- 
holders with him in the Times Printing Company, 
owning and publishing The Seattle Times. 

Colonel Blethen received his early education in 
the common schools of Maine and later at Maine 
Wesleyan Seminary and College, graduating in 
1869. In 1872 the degree of Master of Arts was 
conferred on him by the trustees of Bowdoin Col- 
lege as a result of three years of successful teach- 
ing after his graduation. 

In 1869, after graduation, Colonel Blethen was 
appointed to take charge of the famous Abbott 
Family School for Boys at Little Blue, Farming- 
ton, Maine. He directed with notable distinction, 
the destinies of that celebrated institution until 
1874, at the same time completing his course in 
law which he had begun in 1S6S, in the offices of 
Davis & Drummond, Portland, Maine. On the 
first day of January, 1S64, he entered upon the ac- 
tive practice of his profession in Portland. 

During the following six years, Colonel Blethen 
built up a successful practice but a severe case of 
bronchial trouble developed, causing his physician 
In 1880, to recommend his removal to some point 
a little more to the South and West, with the re- 
sult that he moved to Kansas City in that year. 

Colonel Blethen went to Kansas City with the 
full intention of continuing the practice of his 
profession but he found a "code" in vogue whereas 
he had been brought up and practiced under tin' 
"common law." This "code" was so vicious in its 
character that it did not require any legal attain- 
ments nor study to practice it, nor under it could 
any litigant be driven out of court and required 
to pay costs and commence "de novo" as practi- 
tioners are required to do under the "common 
law." The situation being thoroughly unsatisfac- 
tory to him. Colonel Blethen had about resolved 
to remove to Chicago, where the "common law" 
was the rule, when he was given an opportunity 

to purchase an interest in the Kansas City Jour 

nal, which he did in August, 1880, and became its 
Business Manager, continuing as such until No- 
vember, 1884. 

Although Colonel Blethen fully recovered his 
own health, that of the various members of his 
family became impaired. There was a malarial 
condition existing there at that time which was 
aggravated just then more than usual owing to 
the great improvements going on in building 
projects and streets. The ill effects upon the 
members of his family were such that his physi- 
cian ordered that they be taken to a cold climate 
where malaria was unknown. Within six months 
thereafter, he had disposed of his interests in the 
Kansas City Journal and moved to Minneapolis 
where, in conjunction with the late Edwin B. 
Haskell of the Boston Herald, he purchased the 
Minneapolis Tribune and took charge of that 
publication on December 1, 1884. In 18S5 they ac- 
quired the Minneapolis Journal. 

In August, 18S8, Colonel Blethen disposed of 
his interests in the two publications for more 
than a quarter of a million of dollars. 

After disposing of his publishing interests, 
Colonel Blethen immediately set out on a stump- 
ing campaign over the State of Minnesota in be- 
half of General Harrison, candidate for the Presi- 
dency of the United States. This was in 188S and 
after the election he took his family to Washing- 
ton, D. C, where he decided to spend the winter 
in a much needed rest. While in Washington the 
following spring he was present at the retirement 
of the late Grover Cleveland from the office of 
President and the ascension to that office of the 
late Benjamin Harrison. 

In June, 1SS9, influenced largely by his per- 
sonal friendship for the late Thomas Lowry, 
Colonel Blethen repurchased the Minneapolis 
Tribune and succeeded in accomplishing for Mr. 
Lowry about all that gentleman desired How- 
ever. Colonel Blethen encountered a series of dis- 
asters for the next few years that would have 
downed most men of less courage and determina- 

On November 30, 1889, the Tribune property 
was destroyed by fire — not a vestige thereof be- 
ing left. In addition to the loss of the property. 
Colonel Hletben was deeply shocked by the fact 
that as a result of the conflagration seven men 
were killed and thirteen severely injured. The 
proposition of rebuilding and equipping a new 
plant under adverse circumstances subjected the 
property to a further enormous depreciation. The 
result was that it was transferred to other parties 
at a nominal price to Colonel Blethen, who, for 
the next two years, remained out ol the newspaper 

About this time Colonel Blethen entered the 
banking business through the influence of some 
friends whose advice mlghl have been valuable 
under other conditions Hut his entrance into the 
WOfld of banking was but a (lash in advance of tie' 

memorable panic which began in May. 1893, ami 

continued for four years and his. like many older 



and more firmly established houses went down 
before the tidal wave of depression which swept 
the country. From a financial point of view he 
was completely wiped out. This probably called 
into action more forcefully than any other hap- 
pening in his life had done, that now famous 
brain-and-muscle-determination of his to do or die. 
It was one of those places in a man's life where 
he realizes that he must either step out of the 
running and forever take a back seat, acknowl- 
edging defeat, or, he must arouse himself to a 
degree of energetic determination such as he has 
never exercised before, and pitch into the very 
midst of the battle — a warrior ready to meet all 
foes standing between him and success. Anyone 
knowing Colonel Blethen would never question 
what his decision would be in such a crisis. 

It was now 1896 and he was forty-nine years 
of age. He decided to move to the Pacific Coast. 
In Seattle he succeeded in getting control of The 
Seattle Times. The Times was in an impoverished 
condition; it was an evening paper and an even- 
ing paper at that time was a trivial affair — the 
morning papers dominating everywhere — largely 
because of the extravagant charges for the trans- 
mission of news by day, the day wire cost being 
about four times that of night. The possibility 
of not making a success of the Times never en- 
tered Colonel Blethen's mind. He was filled 
with that determination and spirit of fight that 
recognizes no such a thing as failure. 

In 1S96 when Colonel Blethen took over the 
Times it was valued, including franchises, plant 
and good-will at $10,000. In 1913, seventeen years 
later, The Seattle Daily and Sunday Times had 
grown to where its plant and property represented 
an investment of $400,000 and was valued by the 
company, based on its income, at $3,000,000. At 
the time of taking over the paper its circulation 
was around 3100, but during the first year under 
his management it increased over fifty-six per cent, 
and has since grown to be one of the great news- 
papers of the country, having an issue of 67,000 
daily and S6.000 Sunday. 

The Times is run along strict newspaper lines. 
To the news columns friends and enemies look 
alike. Colonel Blethen is considered hard. His 
work and his experience have made him so. He is 
a fighter and fighting never softened a man of his 
grit and determination. He is a man of tremend- 
ous force of character. He has pronounced views 
on public questions which frequently conflict with 
the opinions of others; but viewing the man's 
caliber at close range it is reasonable to believe 
that his views are formed after careful thought 
and research directed towards the best interests 
of the State, City or Public. However, the fact 
remains that views on a subject once formed, it 
is next to impossible to move him. 

All efforts to change Colonel Blethen's reason- 
ing have failed and while by the cold following of 
his policies he has made many enemies and 
brought upon his head and paper at times severe 
criticisms from many sources, it would seem there 
remained to be answered but the one almighty 
question — Is he sincere? His closest friends, 
those who know him best, say he is, as do many 
of the ablest among the professional newspaper 
men of the United States. Colonel Blethen him- 
self says: "I am following a definitely laid out 
course as I see my duty to the public. If I be 
right I'll avoid all the rocks and sail straight along 
in spite of stormy seas. If my policy be wrong 
I'll land against a breaker and go down, which 
would be my proper fate in such case." 

However, The Times is sailing along, weather- 

ing all seas and piloted, apparently by a master 
hand, safely around all obstacles while its circu- 
lation, its advertising and its earning power con- 
tinue to grow; all of which would seem to con- 
stitute the answer to — Is he sincere? 

Colonel Blethen is a great patriot, and this fre- 
quently led him into clashes with the I. W. W. 

On the night of May Day, 1912, a parade of the 
I. W. W„ headed by a flaring red flag, was broken 
up on Second avenue by an organized body of 
Spanish-American War veterans. Colonel Blethen 
applauded the action of the veterans and became 
involved in a violent controversy with the I. W. \V.. 
who sought to organize a boycott of the paper. 
While the boycott movement was at its highest in 
February, 1913, the Times Building was gutted by 
a fire, which destroyed the contents of the three 
upper floors and spared only the pressroom. A 
few months later another fire destroyed the press- 
room. Colonel Blethen declared the fires were in- 
cendiary, and renewed his warfare. 

Merchants on Westlake avenue obtained an in- 
junction early in July, 1913, against soapbox orators. 
Meetings were held to denounce the late Judge 
John E. Humphries, who issued the injunction, and 
some of the speakers were cited for contempt by 
him. Colonel Blethen sided with the judge and 
filled the columns of his paper with vigorous at- 
tacks upon the I. W. W. and their allies. During 
the Potlatch celebration, about the middle of July, 
sailors and marines from the Pacific reserve fleet 
in the harbor, while on shore leave wrecked and 
sacked nearly all the I. W. W. headquarters in town. 
Colonel Blethen contended that the action of the 
men-of-war's men was justifiable and in defense 
of the flag. The I. W. W. strength dwindled from 
this time on. 

A review of Colonel Blethen's life would not 
be complete without a reference to his two able 
sons who have been so closely identified with 
his work and success. Joseph Blethen, the elder 
of the two, is Business Manager of The Times 
and Vice President and General Manager of The 
Times Publishing Company; C. B. Blethen is 
Managing Editor of the paper and Secretary of 
the Company. 

Each of the sons is a recognized master in his 
line and a General over his own department, and, 
while one never presumes to interfere with the 
work of the other, both are always glad to receive 
the mature suggestions of their father, the Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the entire organization. Father 
and sons, each attending strictly to the affairs of 
his own department, constitute probably as smooth 
and effective a working organization as that pos- 
sessed by any newspaper in the world. 

In the transformation of The Seattle Times 
from an insignificant, four-page daily to one of 
the largest and best paying newspapers published 
in the United States, with a distinct individuality. 
Colonel Blethen has contributed an important 
chapter to the history of Twentieth Century 

Colonel Blethen acquired his title while in 
Minnesota where he was on the staffs of both 
Governor Nelson and Governor Clough. 

He is a large property holder and a stock- 
holder in various banks and other large and sub- 
stantial corporations. 

He is a member of the Rainier Club, the Arctic 
Club, the Seattle Golf and Country Club, the 
Seattle Press Club and the Publishers' Asso- 

Note: Col. Blethen died at Seattle, .Tuly 12. 1915. 



Banker, Los Angeles, California, was 
born in Saratoga County, New York, 
April 10, 1840, the son of James 

Madison White and Charlotte (Cole) White. He 
married Agnes E. Hall at Glens Falls, New 

York, on January 2, 1S67, and to them were 
born three children, Walter Everett (deceased), 

Gertrude Dorcas White (Mrs. George R. Field I 
and Julia Stella White (Mrs. F. E. Culver). 

Mrs. White died in 1S99. 

Mr. White, who has at- 
tained an eminent position 

in business affairs of the 

West, is essentially a self- 
made man and rose to his 

present place solely by his 

own efforts. He attended 

the public schools of Glens 

Falls, New York, and was 

a student at Glens Falls 

Academy of the same place, 

but was compelled to give 

up his studies when he was 

twelve years of age and 

aid in the support of the 

family. He began to earn 

his livelihood in the store 

of Albert Hall of Glens 

Falls, whose daughter he 

married some years later. 

Starting as a clerk he con- 
tinued in the employ of Mr. 

Hall for twelve years, and 

at the end of that period he 

and a partner purchased the 

store, and conducted it for 

about seven years. 

In 1872 Mr. White, who 
is now strong and active at the age of 75, was 
adjudged by physicians to be hopelessly afflicted 
with tuberculosis, and his tenure of life was 
considered to be only a matter of a few months. 
On the advice of one physician, however, he 
went to Colorado in the hope of effecting a cure, 
and after a brief stay in Denver, went to Colo- 
rado Springs, where he made his home for thirty 
years subsequently, becoming during that time 
one of the strongest men of that section in finan- 
cial, real estate, mining and public affairs. 

Associated with three other gentlemen, Mr. 
White in 1873 organized the El Paso County 
Bank of Colorado Springs, but he took no ac- 
tive part in its affairs until 1S76, when he was 
restored to health. At that time he accepted a 
place on the Board of Directors and became ac- 
tive in the business. This was the beginning of 
his new career, for upon leaving New York State 
lie had disposed of all his interests there, believ- 
ing that he would be unable to participate in 
business again. With his returning health, how- 
ever, tiic energy and determination character 

istic of the man came back and for twenty years 
he was one of the dominant factors in the af- 
fairs of the El Paso County Bank, and the El 
Paso National Bank of Colorado, with which the EI 
Paso County Bank was merged in 1896, making 
this one of the strongest monetary institutions in 
the State of Colorado. He was a Director and of- 
ficial of the latter institution for several years. 

In addition to his banking and real estate inter- 
ests in Colorado Springs, Mr. White also was one 
of the active mining men of 
the West, being a successful 
operator in Leadville and 
Cripple Creek during and af- 
ter their historic booms. He 
still retains valuable prop- 
erties in Cripple Creek. 

Although he had little 
taste for politics, Mr. White 
was one of the prominent 
figures in public affairs of 
Colorado Springs and served 
two terms as Town Trustee, 
as the Aldermen were known. 
He also served two years 
as a member of the Board 
of Trustees of the Institute 
for the Education of the 
Mute and Blind of Colorado. 
In 1903 Mr. White went to 
Los Angeles with his young- 
est daughter, who was in fail- 
ing health, in order that she 
might have the benefit of the 
climate, and he has made 
that city his home. It was 
his desire to retire from ac- 
tive business at that time, 
but he gradually became in- 
terested in real estate and other investments, and 
is compelled to devote time to them. 

Mr. White took part in the organization, in 1911. 
of the Klamath River Canning Co., engaged in the 
canning of salmon on the Klamath River. The 
company was organized for the purpose of mar- 
keting a select product, and Mr. White, as a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors and Secretary and 
Treasurer during the first year, was a factor in its 
success, and is today its largest stockholder. He 
is a stockholder in various other enterprises. 

During his entire career, Mr. White has refrained, 
as far as possible, from appearing in the public 
eye, and has never been a seeker for public office, 
preferring to perform his duty to the State and 
his fellow men through the development of the 
country's resources. At all times strong for the 
advancement of the public interest and a man of 
genial temperament, Mr. White is regarded as one 
of the solid citizens of the West. lie is vice Presi- 
dent and Director. Sierra Madre Club, Los 
Angeles, and member, San Gabriel Valley Country 







BROCKMAN, JOHN, Capitalist, Los Angeles, 
Cal., was born at Hessen, Darmstadt, Ger- 
many, November 15, 1841, the son of Jacob, 
and Maggie (Waggoner) Brockman. He 
married Miss Usebia Curao, November 8, 1871, at 
Rio Membas, New Mexico. 

Mr. Brockman was the youngest of a family 
of eleven children. When he was seven years old 
his mother died, the family removing to Rock 
Island, Illinois, near which place his older brother 
had established himself on a farm. For a year 
prior to coming to the United States, Mr. Brock- 
man had attended school in Germany. He re- 
sumed his studies in the public school at Rock 
Island and graduated from high school there in 
1854. After leaving school Mr. Brockman worked 
on the farm with his father and brother. At the 
end of two years he secured a position in the 
famous Rock Island House, as steward. While 
serving in this capacity Mr. Brockman was thrown 
in with many of the famous men of that day, in- 
cluding Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. 
Lincoln often made this hostelry his stopping 

In 1860, Mr. Brockman resigned his position 
with the Rock Island House, and took a con- 
tract as United States Mail Carrier between 
Rock Island and Loda. Ills. This was in the days 
of stage coaches and Mr. Brockman drove the dis- 
tance every day. In May, 1861, Mr. Brockman 
was one of the original 75,000 men to respond to 
President Lincoln's first call for volunteers to 
suppress the rebellion. He quickly disposed of his 
mail contracts and other interests and enlisted as 
a private in Company H, Forty-fifth Illinois In- 
tantry. Within three months his regiment was in 
active service. He was chosen as orderly by va- 
rious commanders, among them being Sherman, 
Logan, Grant and McPherson. He was with Sher- 
man's army on the march to the sea and partici- 
pated in all the battles the Army of Tennessee 
was engaged in. He saw service at Corinth. Vicks- 
burg, Shiloh and Atlanta. He was General Logan's 
orderly at the battle of Vicksburg, and was one 
of the first over the ramparts after the fort was 
blown up. 

At the close of the war he was offered the 
captaincy of a company, but refused it, being 
anxious to return to civic pursuits. He returned 
to the family home at Rock Island, but remained 
there only a few months before determining upon 
seeking his fortunes in the West, which was then 
claiming the flower of the nation's manhood, 
among them man; of Mr. Brockman's comrades 
hi tin' four strenuous years of lighting. In the 
spring of 1S66, Mr. Brockman arrived at Salina, 
Kansas, then the westernmost terminus of railway 
transportation. From there he set out with four 
companions to make his way across the Indian-in- 
fested plains and deserts After a stop at Fort 
Union, Kansas, where army officers tried to halt 
the party for fear of an Indian attack, Mr. Brock- 

man and his companions made their way to Las 
Vegas, Santa Fe, Rio Grande, Las Cruces and 
finally, Pinos Altos, N. M., reaching the latter 
place after a five weeks' journey. This trip was 
made at a time when Indian war parties were 
roaming the country and the trip was considered 
one of the most daring of that time. 

Mr. Brockman prospected for gold at Pinos 
Altos, for about a month, but finding this slow 
work, he moved to Rio Membas, New Mexico, 
where he opened a general store. In 1868 he 
moved farther up the Rio Membas River and 
there opened another store, built the first flour 
mill, and invested in a large tract of agricul- 
tural land, a cattle ranch and other property. 
He had more than one thousand acres under cul- 
tivation and three thousand head of cattle on 
the range. He became a government contractor, 
supplying from his farm all the hay used at Forts 
Cummins and Bayard. Mr. Brockman remained 
in this vicinity for about seventeen years, during 
that time figuring in a number of sharp battles 
with the Indians. In 1885, Mr. Brockman moved 
his headquarters to Silver City, N. M., where he 
immediately became one of the leading business 
men. He helped in the organization of the Sil- 
ver City National Bank, the first in that place, 
and served as president of the institution for 
eight years. In 1893, Mr. Brockman and his as- 
sociates secured an extensive iron property in 
Grant County, organizing the Hanover-Bessemer 
Iron Association, Mr. Brockman being made a 
member of the executive board. This property 
is one of the most valuable iron holdings in the 
world and for years has been the main source of 
supply of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company. 
Mr. Brockman still retains a large interest in it. 
In 1895, Mr. Brockman bought the Common- 
wealth Silver and Gold mine at Pierce, Arizona, 
and this has developed into a remarkable prop- 
erty, one of the best dividend payers in Arizona. 
From 1896 until 1910, Mr. Brockman was general 
manager of this company. 

In 1896 Mr. Brockman established his home 
at Los Angeles, Cal., where he has since lived, 
and where he has become one of the city's 
heaviest property holders, owning some valuable 
parcels in the heart of the city's business district, 
as well as a beautiful country home in Glendale, 
a suburb of Los Angeles. In 1909, Mr. Brockman 
acquired the Singleton Court property in Los 
Angeles, and this he keeps up in good shape as 
a playground for the children of the neighbor- 
hood. His home at Glendale is in the midst of a 
hundred acres of beautiful land, kept up to the 
highest standards of the landscape and horticul- 
tural art. 

Mr. Brockman is a member of the Los Ange- 
les Chamber of Commerce and of the Chamber 

of Mines and Oil. He is a life member of both 
the California and Los Angeles Athletic Clubs of 

I. os Angeles 



Capitalist, Marysville, Cal., was born 
at Berwick, Nova Scotia, near Grand- 
Pr£, the home of Evangeline, July 30, 1848. 
His father, Edward Clark Foster, was one 
of a group of pioneer merchants and ship- 
pers of that date. His mother was Harriet 
L. Tupper, cousin of Sir Charles Tupper, for- 
mer Prime Minister of Canada. ( )n his ma- 
ternal side he traces his 
ancestry to a line of dis- 
tinguished Canadian and 
English forbears. Capt. 
Foster married Arabella 
.Maud McDonald Septem- 
ber 29, 1875, at Mahone 
Bav, Canada. She died 
in October. 1876. To this 
union was born a son, the 
Rev. J. C. Stuart Foster, 
M. A., who married Oc- 
tober 2, 1912, Grace Edith 
Worrell, daughter of the 
Lord Bishop of Nova 
Scotia. On September 2, 
1901, Capt. Foster mar- 
ried Miss Marie Dippel 
of Lincoln, Cal. 

After passing through 
the primary and graded 
schools of the Province 
of Nova Scotia, Capt. 
Foster entered the fa- 
mous private academy 
conducted by the Rev. 
Dr. Summerville, D. D. 
and M. A., at Somerset, 
Nova Scotia, one of the most distinguished 
pedagogues and scholars of that date. Capt. 
Foster remained under his instruction un- 
til he was taken into his father's business. 

His father's business of general mer- 
chandising and shipping opened to Capt 
Foster a career of commercial adventure and 
enterprise that began when he shipped to 
the West Indies as super-cargo. He made 
numerous trips to these ports. Many im- 
portant shipments were intrusted to his su- 

In 1871 Capt. Foster opened up with one 
of his brothers a wholesale grocery and 
shipping business in Halifax, Canada, where 
they did a large business until the panic of 
1873 came along and stripped them of every- 
thing they had. After this Capt. Foster per- 
sonally formed connections with Chicago 
grain dealers and Western Canada flour 
mills, and for vears did a lame business with 


the merchants of the lower Canadian prov- 
inces. In 1888 he went to Vancouver, Brit- 
ish Columbia, where he associated himself 
with the Bank of British Columbia at Van- 
couver, settling up lumber estates and other 
business. He also had at the same time a 
1000-acre ranch leased on the Fraser River 
on which he bred thoroughbred cattle and 
shipped them to China and Japan. 

In company with Capt. 
McKenzie, he built the 
first steamer, "Eliza Ed- 
wards," that ever entered 
the Bering Sea for the 
purpose of seal fishing. 
This enterprise continued 
with unchanging success 
until 1891, when Great 
Britain, the United States 
and Russia entered into 
the famous treaty that 
put an end to the seal 
fishing in the Bering Sea. 
When the seal fishing 
closed, the "Eliza Ed- 
wards" was chartered to 
wealthy spiritualists from 
Vancouver and Santa 
Barbara, Cal., to go to 
Cocus Island in the South 
Seas in search of the much 
written about treasure. 
At the close of this ro- 
m a n t i c voyage the 
steamer was afterwards 
sold to the Central 
American Government as 
a cruiser, adding to its picturesque record. 
In 1893 Capt. Foster returned to Chicago 
to assist Sir J. J. Grinlinton, Commissioner 
from Ceylon, India, and in 1894 took the 
Ceylon exhibit to the San Francisco Mid- 
winter Fair, and was appointed Special Com- 
missioner for Ceylon. 

Capt. Foster went to Marysville in 1888. 
In the spring of 1889 he commenced business 
there, meeting with phenomenal success. 
He owns the Western Hotel, and is a large 
realty owner in other parts of the city and in 
the surrounding country. He is President of 
the Marysville Chamber of Commerce and 
has been connected with this institution the 
last ten years. He is a member of the Union 
League Club of San Francisco, Cal., and an 
ex-officer of the Canadian militia and passed 
through the Royal School of Infantry there. 
He has been an extensive traveler through 
Europe and other countries. 



ist, Los Angeles California, was born 
in Moncton, New Brunswick, July 11, 
1863, the son of Robert, and Jean (Morri- 
son) Gillis. He married Frances L. Lindsey, 
at Santa Monica, Cal., October 1, 1889. To 
this union there has been born Adelaide S., 
Dorothy and Lindsey Gillis. 

Mr. Gillis passed his boyhood in Nova 
Scotia, principally in the 
towns of Halifax and Pic- 
ton, receiving his early 
education in the schools 
at those places. He re- 
mained in his native 
province, and in that of 
Xova Scotia, engaged in 
business, until 1887, when 
he removed to California, 
locating at Santa .Monica, 
where he remained for 
several years. There he 
became interested in the 
land business, playing an 
important part in the 
growth of the city, one of 
the more important sub- 
urbs of Los Angeles. 
Other enterprises in 
which he had a part also 
p r o v e d successful. In 
1902, he removed to Los 
Angeles and became an 
active factor in the af- 
fairs of the Los Angeles 
Pacific Railway Com- 
pany, owners and opera- 
tors of local and interurban electric lines. 

Mr. Gillis negotiated the sale of this sys- 
tem to the Southern Pacific interests sev- 
eral years ago, thereby becoming one of the 
most important individuals in the Southern 
Pacific organization. With the absorption 
of the Pacific Railway Company by the Pa- 
cific Electric, the Harriman corporation, Mr. 
(iillis was made a director of the new com- 
pany, and has ever since been one of its 
strongest influences. For many years Mr. 
(iillis lias been associated with Gen. M. II. 
Sherman and Eli I'. Clark, railway builders 
uid capitalists of Los Angeles. Cal.. who 
are mainly responsible for the city traction 
systems now existing in Los Angeles and 
Pasadena, Cal. In association with John 1). 
Spreckels, Mr. (iillis is also interested in im- 
portant railway and transportation proper- 
ties in San I >iegi >. ( al. 


In 1909 and 1910 Mr. Gillis spent most 
of his time in Oregon, taking personal 
charge of the construction and completion 
of the railroads and power plants of the Mt. 
Hood Railway and Power Company, and the 
Mason Construction Company, which he, 
together with E. P. Clark and Arthur H. 
Fleming of Pasadena, had purchased. He 
also became connected with several other 
important enterprises in 
I 'i u'tland, ( Ire. 

In addition to his ac- 
tivities in railway and 
traction development. Mr. 
Gillis is a large land own- 
er, being interested in 
several land development 
projects of considerable 
i m p o r t a nc e. He has 
played a leading part in 
t h e development a n d 
opening for settlement of 
the vast areas in the 
western States of Mexico, 
being one of the owners 
of the Sinaloa Land Com- 
pany, which controls a 
vast acreage in the State- 
in Sinaloa in the neigh- 
boring Republic. He is 
President of the Santa 
Monica Land and Water 
Company, which holds 
thousands of acres of land 
in the vicinity of that 
city, and also of the Ma- 
dera Land Company, 
which is developing a large area of fertile 
land in Madera County. California. 

Mr. Gillis is also an official in numerous 
other solid commercial and development 
enterprises, the principal ones of which 
are the Iron Chief Mining Company, 
the Maclay Rancho Water Company, the 
Artesian Water Company, the Santa Mon- 
ica Water Company and the Sawtelle 
Water Company. Practically all of Mr. 
Gillis' interests are of a development 
character and mean much to the State 
of California, for they make habitable and 
productive vast areas of heretofore un- 
yielding property. 

Mr. Gillis is also prominent in frater- 
nal and club circles, being a Mason, and a 
member of the California and Los An- 
geles Athletic Clubs of Los Angeles. Cali- 
fi >rnia. 






Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Chicago. 
Illinois, and Los Angeles, California, was 
born in Kilkee, County Clare, Ireland. 
March 31, 1843, the son of Thomas Hynes and 
Catherine (O'Shea) Hynes. On September 21, 
1S71, he married Jean McCord Way, daughter of 
Hon. George B. Way, a celebrated jurist of Ohio. 
There is a son, Henry Hynes, and a grand-daugh- 
ter. Wilma Jean. 

Mr. Hynes was but six years old when his 
father died. He had been a prominent architect 
and superintendent of public works in County 
Clare, but left his wife and children. William and 
three older sisters, very little on which to continue 
the standard of living which he had maintained. 
In 1853, they left for America, little dreaming of 
the great career that awaited the boy. 

For two years after their arrival in America, 
young Hynes attended school, but at the end of 
this period, his mother became an invalid and he 
was compelled to go to work. At this time he 
was only twelve years of age, but he managed to 
secure a position with the Springfield Republican 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, then edited by Dr. 
John G. Holland. Publishing houses were not 
equipped at that time with the facilities that 
saved labor and shortened hours, but striving 
under these conditions, beginning as a printer's 
"devil," he worked a long day and went to school 
and studied nights, for the blood of a man who 
was to accomplish big things was in his veins 
and he sensed the opportunities which were to 
come. Still, another strong characteristic of Mr. 
Hynes which was apparent from his early youth 
throughout his life, was his ability to make 
friends. He made friends without an effort and 
his ideals were of such a nature that the kinds 
of friends he chose were of the standard that did 
not interfere with his progress and that aided him 
in the pursuit of his studies. Vet. he studied 
chiefly alone, and he did it so successfully that 
he was able to keep abreast of the classes that 
were attending day-school and was as far advanced 
as they on the day of their graduation. 

In the course of twelve years, Mr. Hynes 
climbed from the position of printer's "edvil" to 
that of an associate editor on the paper. Even 
at that early period of his life. Mr. Hynes' con- 
victions wore strong and made themselves Celt by 
an equally strong personality and intellect. He 
was ever very sympathetic with all just causes and 
during his early years, he entered war for the in- 
dependence of Ireland under Gen. John O'Neill 
and other leaders who were agitating this move- 
ment, and would have continued in it had he not 
been able in his clear vision and good judgment 
to see that whatever further effort of such a na- 
ture expended at that time would only be Inst 
Later, however, he became more conserva- 
tive; a Btrong and earnest advocate of home rule 
in his native land. 

Following this, both he and General O'Neill 
went to Nashville, Tennessee, where he assisted 
the latter in prosecuting claims against the Gov- 

It was while in Nashville that he decided to study 
law and. to this end, in 1867, went to Washington. 
D. C, and entered Columbia University. It was 
while in Washington that he met Miss Way whose 
father. Judge Way, recognizing ability of unusual 
merit in the young man, and fearing his too early- 
emersion into politics, advised him to confine 
himself to the practice of law. Nevertheless, his 
inclinations at this time were still very strongly 
political and that he should become engaged in 
the Presidential campaign of General Ulysses S. 
Grant, was not at all surprising. During this cam- 
paign, he gave vent to his intellect and wit to a 
degree that established his reputation as an ora- 
tor. So convincing was his logic, and so com- 
manding was he as an orator, that Senator Ben- 
jamin F. Rice engaged him to go to Arkansas 
with him as Editor of the Little Rock Journal 
and here he continued his active political work. 

Shortly after settling in Arkansas, he made a 
trip to Washington to marry Miss Way whom he 
met while at Columbia University. Upon his re- 
turn. Mr. Hynes successfully ran for Congress- 
man-at-large from Arkansas. While in Congress, 
Mr. Hynes had the distinction of being the young- 
est man to occupy a seat in that body. When 
he ran the second time he was not elected, but 
this was due to a reorganization in State affairs 
that involved technicalities which counted him 
out. This caused him to decide to follow his wife's 
wishes in the matter of retiring from politics, 
but he was at a loss as to where he would locate. 
Several places appealed to him. but while he was 
debating the matter with himself, he accepted an 
Invitation to speak at a Decoration Day celebra- 
tion in Chicago as Arkansas' representative. 

In Chicago, he was so well received, and his 
faith in that city was such, he decided to remain 
there, and Judge Walter B. Scates was so im- 
pressed with Mr. Hynes' force and character thai 
he asked the young man to enter partnership 
with him. Accepting this opportunity. Mr. Hynes 
practiced with Judge Scates for a time, but later 
on became one of the law firm or Hynes, English 
and Dunne, the latter member of the firm being 
later Governor of Illinois. In addition to his firm 
practice, Mr. Hynes was General Counsel for the 
Chicago City Railways. His brilliancy and sub- 
stantial qualities combined with his courteous, 
dignified and forcible manner, very soon won for 
him an enviable reputation and placed him among 
the leaders of his profession in this country 
Finally, the professional demands upon his per 
Eonal services became so heavy, he decided to 
establish his own individual law offices. 

When, in May "t 1881, the whole nation was 
stirred by the murder of Phillip H. Cronin, a 
physician ol Chicago, Mr dynes was chosen as 



one of the counsel for the prosecution, and in this 
connection, he was associated with the State's 
Attorney, J. M. Longenecker, Luther L. Mills, a 
noted criminal lawyer, and George C. Ingham. 
Great as the State's work had been in procuring 
evidence, greater still was the work in court, for 
collectively, a monumental array of attorneys had 
been procured for the defense. The progress of 
this battle of brilliant legal brains is a matter 
of history and Mr. Hynes' work in it stands out 
as one of the masterpieces of legal records. When 
it was announced that Mr. Hynes would com- 
mence his argument at the opening of court fol- 
lowing Mr. Donahoe's address (one of the attor- 
neys for the defense), hundreds crowded the court- 
room while thousands were turned away. In Mr. 
Hynes' masterly address, he impressed the en- 
tire country by his effort to be perfectly fair. He 
called attention to the fact that no matter how 
guilty men might be, under the civilization of 
the century, punishment was to be visited only 
under due process of the law. He pointed out 
how all incompetent evidence had been excluded 
from the trial and how whatever doubts had 
arisen had been solved for the benefit of the ac- 
cused by the judge. Mr. Hynes then attacked the 
arguments of the attorneys for the defense, show- 
ing how unsubstantially they were based. Mr. 
Hynes' concluding remarks have been recorded in 
the history of legal wars in this country as some 
of the most effective ever uttered by an attorney. 
In part he is quoted as saying: "A defense that 
is not a defense is worse than no defense at all. 
A defense that utterly fails, as this defense in 
my judgment has utterly failed, leaves the case 
of the prisoners stronger against them than it 
was when the State rested. You expect some de- 
fense when an accusation of this kind is brought 
against men. You are hoping, like merciful men, 
that every circumstance and every word will find 
an explanation consistent with innocence, and 
when the defense fails to meet the accusation and 
to furnish an explanation, then it is disastrous 
to the prisoners." 

In a like capable manner, Mr. Hynes handled 
other cases, trial after trial, building up a na- 
tional reputation as a man not only of unusual 
legal skill, but with a keen sense of justice. 

Mr. Hynes was very cosmopolitan in his in- 
terests. He kept abreast of events and condi- 
tions all over the world. But of Ireland, he said, 
she was his suffering mother while America was 
his wedded wife. He was always responsive to 
the call of California and in the early spring of 
each year, when winter was breaking up in Chi- 
cago, he took his family to Southern California, 
where he devoted much of his time to motoring 
through the beautiful country. Once from be- 
neath the grind of business affairs, Mr. Hynes 
gave himself wholly over to the enjoyment of the 
occasion. Whenever the opportunity afforded it- 

self, Mr. Hynes visited Europe with his family. 
On his first trip there with his wife, he spent sev- 
eral weeks renewing his boyhood associations in 
Ireland and in visiting many of the scenes which 
had been so familiar to him. Both in Ireland and 
in England he had relatives who, like himself, 
reached enviable prominence in legal and na- 
tional affairs. During his mother's time, Sir 
Michael and Sir Brian McLaughlin, cousins of 
his mother, were prominent attorneys in Dublin. 
Contemporary with Mr. Hynes' life was Sir 
Charles McDonough Cuffe, retired Surgeon Gen- 
eral of the British Army. He was Mr. Hynes' 
cousin. One of his most intimate friends in Eng- 
land was Sir Thomas Lipton, who has said of 
Mr. Hynes that he has never seen him surpassed 
as an orator. Among Mr. Hynes' prominent rela- 
tives in this country are Thomas W. Hynes, well 
known in New York City, and Charles P. Conway, 
connected with the New York Life Insurance 
Company. Mr. Hynes and Bishop T. J. Conaty 
of Los Angeles were also very close personal 
friends from early manhood. Mr. Hynes was a 
man of unusual devotion to his church which he 
exemplified in his every day life, never omitting 
his spiritual dutes or oblgations and ever being 
charitable in his dispostion. 

Mr. Hynes retired from active practice in 1905 
and establshed his home in Los Angeles. But it 
seemed he was inseparable from the legal hap- 
penings in Chicago as he was frequently called 
upon and persuaded to enter some case involving 
matters of vast importance to his former clients. 
The Edward Hines case of Chicago, which was 
transferred to Washington, was his last. On this 
he worked and studied day and night, ignoring a 
chronic illness which his life in California alle- 
viated, but which was aggravated by the arduous 
duties of the trial. When he completed the fight, 
coming out victorious again, he returned to Cali- 
fornia where he was confined to his bed, improv- 
ing for a time and finally resumed his customary 
walks and drives. It was only shortly before he 
died, which was on April 2, 1915, that he again 
became ill. 

Mr. Hynes was a member of the Chicago Ath- 
letic Club and was known as the father of The 
Annex. He was also a member of the South Shore 
Country Club, where he was noted for frequently 
beating younger men at golf. He liked these as- 
ciations for the relaxation they afforded him. He 
was also a member of the Historical Society of 

It can truly be said of Mr. Hynes that he never 
retired from his profession for it commanded his 
attention until the very last. "Law," he would 
tell his wife, "is a jealous mistress." And not 
only did it occupy his entire time, but it deprived 
him of giving any of his attention to work of any 
other nature, except for the speeches for which 
he was popularly noted. 



STEAD, Engineer, Mine Manager, Mc- 
Gill, Nevada, was horn at Grass Val- 
ley, California. December 3, 1868, the son of 
James Murphy and Hannah Francis (Scho- 
field i Lake-nan. Mr. Lakenan traces his an- 
cestry hack to colonial times. On the pa- 
ternal side he is a descendant of Col. James 
Shields, who, as an officer in the American 
army, rendered valuable 
services in the cause of 
the colonies during the 
Revolutionary War, and 
was in charge of his regi- 
ment at Yorktown when 
G irnwallis surrende r e d. 
Mr. Lakenan married 
Bonibel Collins, Dec. 17, 
1912, at McGill, Xev. 

Mr. Lakenan received 
his early education in the 
public schools of ( ir;is> 
Valley. California, later 
entering the Grass Valley 
High School, from which 
he was graduated in 1885. 
Having determined, early 
in life, upon pursuing en- 
gineering as a career, he 
entered the engineering 
school of the Cniversity 
of California, graduating 
there in 1890. I lis first 
practical experience wa- 
in the engineering department of the Union 
Iron Works of San Francisco, that nationally- 
famous industrial plant where many prom- 
inent engineers and mechanical experts Oil 
the coast received their first start on the road 
to successful careers, lie was in the employ 
of this corporation from, and including, 1890 
to 1891, during the construction of the "< >r< 
gon" and "Olympia." In 1891 he secured a 
position with the General Electric Company 
at its plant in Lynn, Mass. He remained 
there until 1892, when he went to Berlin, 
Germany, where he further pursued his 
studies in engineering, from both a practical 
and theoretical point of view, lie remained 
in Germany until 1894, when he went to 


to his knowledge of engineering, acquiring 

the methods that had proved successful in the 
great engineering tasks in that country. 

In 1896 he returned to the United States 
and was appointed Mine Superintendent for 
the Idaho-Mar) land Mines at Crass Valley, 
California, lie remained in this position un- 
til 1898, when he was made Mine Managei 
for Philadelphia interests at Needles, Califor- 
nia. He held this post 
until 1899, w h e n he 
went into practice in 
Philadelphia as a gen- 
eral mining engineer. He 
remained in private prac- 
tice until 1907. when he 
was appointed engineer 
of the Nevada Consoli- 
dated Copper Co. He was 
shortly thereafter made 
general manager of this 
property and the Steptoe 
Valley Smelting and Min- 
ing Co.. which positions 
he now ( L>14) holds. 

Aside from his imme- 
diate work as an engi- 
neer. Mr. Lakenan is in- 
terested as an officer or a 
director in many of the 
substantial financial or- 
ganizations of X e v;ul a 
and California. Among 
the more prominent or- 
ganizations in which Mr. Lakenan is associated, 
and the office held by him. the Following may 
be mentioned: President of the Lakenan In- 
vestment Company of California and a di- 
rector of the McGill National Lank, McGill, 
Nevada, and the Copper National Lank of 
Ely, Nevada. 

Mr. Lakenan is the inventor and de- 
signer of a hydraulic pump which has been 
in successful operation for many years at the 
Empire Mines located in (Irass Valley, Lai. 
lie is a member of the University and 
Press Clubs of San Francisco, California, 

the Alia Club of Salt Lake City. Utah, the 

Rocky Mountain Club of New York City 

and the \merican Institute of Mechanical 

Zurich, Switzerland, where he further added Engineers. 



HAYS, JOHN COFFEE, Consulting Elec- 
trical Engineer, President Mt. Whitney 
Power and Electric Company, Visalia, 
Cal., was born in Tulare County, Califor- 
nia, January 5, 1882, the son of John Caperton, 
and Anna (McMullin) Hays. His paternal grand- 
father, Col. John Coffee Hays, for whom Mr. Hays 
was named, figures prominently in the frontier his- 
tory of California and Texas, his name filling a 
particularly brilliant chapter in the story of the 
making of the great South- 

John Coffee Hays mar- 
ried Miss Eva Harwood at 
New York City on Decem- 
ber 2, 1908. Mr. Hays re- 
ceived his early education in 
the primary and graded 
schools of Oakland, Cal., la- 
ter entering preparatory 
school at Berkeley, Cal., in 
anticipation of a university 
course in electrical engi- 
neering. Compelled to fore- 
go the advantages of a col- 
lege course, Mr. Hays gath- 
ered the basis of his electri- 
cal engineering education in 
the school of practical expe- 
rience, beginning work at 
the very bottom of the lad- 
der and rising by successive 
steps to the present high po- 
sition he holds in the en- 
gineering world. 

He began work in 1898 
as a roustabout at the time 
the Mt. Whitney system was 
being organized. All the 
minor tasks entailed in this work fell to his lot, 
and although at the time involving many hard- 
ships gave to him the thorough knowledge of 
every branch of the work that has stood him to 
such good advantage throughout his career. In 
1901 he entered the service of the Henshaw-Bulk- 
ley Company, which was just then beginning con- 
struction on two plants, one in Oxnard, Cal., and 
one in Yosemite. He was employed on this con- 
struction work until the plants were completed. 
In 1902 he returned to the Mt. Whitney Power 
Company as chief station operator. He remained 
in this position until 1903, when he went to Pitts- 
field, Mass., where he took an expert's apprentice- 
ship course with the Stanley Electrical Manufac- 
turing Company. He remained with this company 
nearly a year and a half, the latter part of which 
period he served in the engineering department. 
In the winter of 1904, Mr. Hays went to New 
York City, where he became associated with L. B. 
Stillwell, consulting electrical engineer, past pres- 
ident of the American Institute of Electrical En- 

T. C. 

gineers and probably the most prominent member 
of his profession in New York City. Stillwell 
was the consulting engineer for the Hudson River 
tubes, the New York subway and Elevated Rail- 
ways, Hoosic Tunnel, New York, Westchester and 
Boston Railway, the New York and Long Island 
Railway, the New York and Queens County Rail- 
way and the New York and Long Island Traction 
Company, of the last three of which Mr. Hays 
was in charge of the electrical engineering. 

Mr. Hays remained on 
the Stillwell staff until 1907, 
when he returned to the Mt. 
Whitney Power Company as 
its president and consulting 
engineer. In 1909, the Mt. 
Whitney Power Company 
and the Globe Light and 
Power Company were 
merged as the Mt. Whitney 
Power and Electric Com- 
pany, Mr. Hays remaining as 
President and Consulting 
Engineer. As large interests 
in this company are held by 
John Hays Hammond, Mr. 
Hays serves as expert rep- 
resentative in California of 
that noted man. 

Mr. Hays is President of 
the Yosemite Power Com- 
pany and the Mt. Shasta 
Power Company, which is 
constructing the fourth larg- 
est tunnel in the world and 
has undeveloped power of 
200,000 horsepower at its 
command. It is hard to 
reckon what such vast devel- 
opment means to the country to which it is tribu- 
tary. This harnessing of nature's power will be 
the means of making rich territory that otherwise 
is practically worthless, greatly adding to the 
wealth of the Pacific Coast. 

Among the scientific and technical societies of 
which Mr. Hays is a member may be noted the fol- 
lowing: American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 
American Society of Civil Engineers, Ameri- 
can Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York 
Electrical Society, National Electric Light 
Association, National Geological Society, Electrical 
Development and Jovian League of San Francisco, 
American Society for the Advancement of Science, 
Engineers' Club of San Francisco, Society of Cali- 
fornia Pioneers. 

Mr. Hays is a prominent member in some of 
the best clubs in the country, among which are 
the Press Club of San Francisco, Engineers' Club 
of New York, San Francisco Golf and Country 
Club, Tuolumne County Club, Kaweah Club of 
Visalia and the Visalia Club. 




Machinery Manufacturer, Rancher, 
Treasurer Holt Manufacturing Com- 
pany, San Francisco, California, was born at 
Oakland, California. April 5, 1880, the son of 
Charles H. and Jeannette X. (Finch) Holt. 
On the paternal side he is a descendent of 
Nicholas Holt, who came to America some 
lime prior to 17Ai and helped to found the 
city of Andover, Mass. 
Mr. Holt was married to 
Ruth Morton, April 25. 
1907, at San Francisco, 
Cal. To this union there 
has been horn Parker 
Morton, Henry David and 
Charles Henry Holt. 

Mr. He ilt received his 
early education in the 
graded and high schools 
of his native city. In 1898 
he entered the University 
of California, graduating 
in 1902 from the Depart- 
ment of Engineering with 
the degree of Bachelor of 
Science. He then entered 
t ' irnell I University, where 
lu- ti>"k a course of one 
year in letters. In 1903 he 
entered the shops nf the 
Hi ilt Manufacturing Com- 
pany at Stockton, Cal., in 
tli. capacity of engineer and boilermaker. He re- 
mained in this department of the shops for two 
years, acquiring a thorough knowledge of the 
mechanical end of the farm machinery busi- 
iii.'-v In 1905 lie joined the company -ale- 
force. lie remained there a year, familiariz- 
ing himself with the sale of the product of the 
company plant. In 1906 he became identified 
w ith the financial end of the business and was 
later elected treasurer, which office he now 


Ever enthusiastic over the future of Cali- 
fornia-made machinery, Mr. 1 1 . d t in 1910 and 
1911 undertook on his own initiative a jour- 
ney to the Argentine Republic for the exten- 
sion of the field of trade for the Holt product-. 
This particular pari of the world had been 


neglected by the sale- force, despite the 
fact that almost every other remote corner 
of the globe had been covered. Tin- com- 
mercial exploit proved very successful, trans- 
ferring the first year to California half a 
million of dollars paid for farm machinery 
by the farmer of the Argentine. During his 
activities in South America Mr. Holt gave 
the farmers of the Argentine the idea that 
resulted in the develop- 
ment of the delta sectii >n 
of the River Plate, laid 
out along the lines i if sim- 
ilar sections in California. 
Mr. Holt was probably 
the first man ti i a mceive 
the idea of using the mi >\ - 
ing picture as a mean- i if 
advertising and s el 1 i n g 
machinery. The opera 
ti. in i if the machine i in the 
far m and ranch was 
shown in such a way as 
ti i pr< ive the utility i if de- 
vices in a way that 
verbal or written explana- 
tion never could. As a 
result of this enterprise 
the entire world i- now 
h e i n g shown California 
machinery in operation, 
together with the Holt 
Caterpillar and I lolt 1 tar- 
vesting Machinery. 

In [905 Mr. Holt bought a ranch in 
the San Joaquin \ alley, California, compris- 
ing tioo acres. He was one of the first in 
the county to introduce sanitary dairying. 
Setting the pace for his rural neighbors, he 
succeeded in making the section in which his 
ranch is located one of the best dairy district- 
in ( ahfi irnia, 

Mr. Holt is Vice President of the North- 
west Harvester Company of Spokane. Wash. 
He is a member of the University, Pre-- and 
Transportation Clubs of San Francisi 
the Yo-cinite Club of Stockton, of the Ameri- 
can Societ) of Mechanical Engineering 
of the American Society of Agricultural En- 






Essayist and Author of standard legal 
text books, Los Angeles, California, was 
born in a log cabin in the maple swamp 
section of the western part of Miami County, 
Ohio, December 30, 1851, the son of Jonathan 
Thompson and Matilda (Westlake) Kerr. On the 
paternal side he is descended from the Scotch fam- 
ilies of Kers and Kerrs (members of the same 
household spelling the name both ways I. The 
Kerrs were prominent in the vicinity of Roxburg- 
shire, Scotland, and the early family history is in- 
terwoven with this section. The first of the fam- 
ily to reach America came in 170S by way of Lon- 
donderry, Ireland, where they tarried but a few 
months, before continuing on to Philadelphia. 
Their descendants took up the cause of the colon- 
ists during the Revolution, several of them join- 
ing the army and rendering service throughout this 
struggle. Mr. Kerr's father, and his maternal 
grandfather, Col. Josias Westlake, were promi- 
nent educators for a number of years and leading 

Mr. Kerr was first married at Troy, Ohio, in 
1881, t<> Mary Ellen Thomson. To this marriage 
there was born Joel Thompson Kerr on December 
20, 1884, but who died in April, 1SS5. In 1889 
Mr. Kerr married Mrs. Marie Elizabeth Ellen 
(Rowel Perrie. The issue of this union is James 
Noel, born July 24, 1899. On June 4, 1913, Mr. 
Kerr married Winifred Jessie Stansfeld-Lamborn 
of Battle, Sussex, England, who comes from the 
old baronial family of Stansfeld. of York and Sus- 
sex, is a second cousin of the late Sir James Stans- 
feld of Halifax, York, and a graduate of Oxford 
University, winning the highest degree (A. A.) 
conferred by that institution of learning upon 
women. To this union there was born, on March 
14, 1914, a son, Joe Hamilton Kerr. 

Brought up in a backwoods community of 
ante-bellum days, in a section similar to that which 
gave us Lincoln and other noted men of the late 
titties and sixtic a, Mr. Kerr lived the life of the 
sturdy farmer boy of thai time. Here he ac- 
quired the splendid physical development that 
has made him a stranger to fatigue. The rough 
tasks ot these earl; days have furnished him with 
a store of nervous energy that has enabled him 
all through life to undergo twelve and fourteen 
hours ol daily toil over law books without show- 
ing the slightest sign of fatigue or mental •'•' 

At the district school, the first and only alma 
mater of many of the great men of the Middle 
West, he secured the rudiments of an education, 
in the curriculum of those days there was room 
for the three R's and hardly anything else, but 
these educational fundamentals were taught and 
learned with a thoroughness that made the ac- 
quisition of a scholastic education a simple mat- 
ter in after years. Prom the district school he 
passed on to the high school at Tippecanoe City, 
Ohio. This institution was located two and a half 
miles from the Kerr home. Through mud and 
snow in the wild winters of those days he trudged 
the five miles daily, and in addition performed 
his share of the chores that fell to the lot of the 
country boy. In the summer he worked on the 
farm and assisted about the house. Completing 
the high school course, he passed on to the Na- 
tional Normal University, at Lebanon, Ohio. 

Mr. Kerr was called to the bar in Ohio in 1S77. 
He began practice at the county seat of his native 
county, utilizing the leisure hours incident to the 
building up of a practice by a young lawyer, in 
study and the preparation of "essays" on narrow 
and abstruse legal points. In this way he drifted 
early from the active practice into legal journal- 
ism to such an extent that legal authorship has 
ever since been his vocation. His first early es- 
says were published in the leading law journals 
and monthly professional publications of the time, 
including the Southern Law Review, Central Law- 
Journal, Western Jurist, American Law Record, 
American Law Register, Albany Law Journal and 
others. His output and activities at this time were 
of such an extent, and the subject of his articles 
of such value and interest, that in the first volume 
of "Jones' Index to Legal Periodicals" i published 
in 18SS), Mr. Kerr is given credit for having writ- 
ten and published more legal articles of interest 
to his profession, and worthy of preservation, 
than any other person in either England or 
America, with the exceptions of Judge Isaac 
Redfield, long one of tin editors of the American 
Law Register, and Irving Browne, tor more than 
twenty years the editor ol the Albany Law Jour- 

in ism; he became editor ol the Ohio Lav» 

Journal, joining Charles A Lord and Jami II 
Bowman in the publication of that periodical. 
In 1884, lie founded, in connection with Qeorge II 

Manchester, the American Law Journal, -it Co 

1 urn bus. Ohio, and conducted it successfully until 



Banks & Brothers, who were the official publish- 
ers of the Ohio Law Reports, sought to restrain 
him and his publisher from printing the decisions 
of the Supreme Court of Ohio as they were handed 
down. Mr. Kerr fought the case through all the 
courts and finally won a decisive victory in the 
Supreme Court of the United States, establishing 
a new principle in the law of copyrights, that the 
opinions rendered and handed down by the Su- 
preme Courts of last resort of the country were 
the property of the people at large, and not of 
the publishers of the volumes of official reports. 

Mr. Kerr then became Assistant Editor to 
William G. Myers, in the preparation of 'Myers' 
Federal Decisions," and later became an editor of 
the National Reporter System, published by the 
West Publishing Company. Mr. Kerr left St. Paul, 
where much of his best work for the West Pub- 
lishing Company had been done, to accept a po- 
sition with the Lawyers' Co-operative Publishing 
Company at Rochester, N. Y., where he rendered 
valuable aid to Robert Desty in the preparation 
of the annotated edition of the New York Chan- 
cery Reports, published by this company. 

He resigned this position to take up the prac- 
tice of law in partnership with Philetus Chamber- 
lain, which partnership continued until Mr. Kerr 
removed to New York City. Mr. Kerr at this pe- 
riod became the editor of the American and Eng- 
lish Corporation Cases and the American and 
English Railroad Cases, published by the Edward 
Thompson Company, and was one of the first edi- 
torial writers on the American and English En- 
cyclopedia of Law, and for some of the leading 
features of that valuable work the legal profes- 
sion is indebted to Mr. Kerr. 

While still at Rochester, Mr. Kerr prepared an 
edition in two volumes, of Benjamin on Sales, the 
third edition of Crocker on Sheriffs; a work on 
business corporations; "Before and At Trial," and 
an exhaustive and authoritative work on homi- 

In 1889, under a contract with a large New 
York law publishing firm, Mr. Kerr prepared a 
treatise on Real Property, in three volumes. In 
the fall of the same year he removed to New- 
York City. Later he formed a partnership with 
Charles A. Gregory, under the firm name of Kerr 
& Gregory, and engaged in the general practice of 
law. On Mr. Gregory's retiring from the firm, 
Mr. Kerr became associated in the practice of his 
profession with Philip Van Volkenburgh, making 
a specialty of corporation law. As a member of 

this firm, Mr. Kerr made the investigation and 
submitted the report upon which was founded the 
proceedings in the United States Circuit Court, in 
which the affairs of the Colorado River Irrigation 
Company were wound up and a great fraud upon 
the public ended. In this investigation the laws 
of Mexico were involved, and Mr. Kerr examined 
minutely the five codes of Mexico, making, and in- 
corporating in his report, translations of all perti- 
nent laws. 

In 1895, Mr. Kerr completed, and his publisher 
brought out, the work on Real Property. In 1897 
he completed a supplement to his work on mort- 
gages making a volume of eleven hundred pages. 
In 1899 he brought out a work on attachment. 

During the thirteen years he was in active 
practice in New York City Mr. Kerr tried many 
important cases. In the untangling of the many 
legal problems that ensued as a result of the con- 
solidation of the Boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, 
Queens and Richmond into the city of Greater 
New York, Mr. Kerr had a leading part, helping 
in important litigation to settle the question of 
public employes' rights under the charter of the 
greater city. 

Since living in California, Mr. Kerr has done 
his most important work in his Cyclopedic Codes 
of California, in six large volumes, comprising 
about 9000 large pages, and in his Consolidated 
Supplement thereto, bringing the Cyclopedic Codes 
up to date, consisting of one volume of about 2380 
pages. This work is the equal, and in many re- 
spects the superior, of anything ever attempted 
before, and these Cyclopedic Codes, in less than 
a decade, have taken their position as a legal 
classic. Lawyers throughout California have af- 
forded this monumental work the highest credit, 
many of them declaring it all-sufficient for a large 
and varied practice. Pocket codes and Nevada 
Notes of Cases, Water and Mineral Cases, an- 
notated, three volumes, and Kerr's Wharton on 
Criminal Law, three volumes, have also occupied 
the time of Mr. Kerr since his arrival in Califor- 

Mr. Kerr was admitted to the bar in New York 
in 1886, to the United States Supreme Court in 
1889, Supreme Court of South Dakota in 1891; 
Nebraska, 1S95; United States Circuit Court, 
Southern District of New York, 1895; United States 
District Court, Southern District of New York, 
1S98; United States District and Circuit Courts of 
Nebraska, 1901; Circuit Court of Appeals, Eighth 
District, 1901; Iowa Supreme Court, 1902. 



P ELTON. JOHN E., Capitalist, Mining In- 
terests; Pasadena, t'al.. and Nevada, was 
born in the town of Delta, Fulton County 
Ohio, July 4, 1857, the son of Benjamin II 
and Mary Pelton. He married Kate And' rson 
February 28, 18S1, at Denver, Colorado. There 
are four children, Leonora G., Edna D., George S., 
the oldest son. and Herbert E. Pelton. 

Mr. Pelton went to the public schools of Delta 
and to the Hamilton (Ohio) High School until he 
was sixteen. In 1873 he went to Colorado. 

His career from that time has been full of vicis- 
situdes, with the romantic climax which charac- 
terized so many in the great West. Like most of 
the wealth-seeking young men who went West, lie 
became a miner. For a young man of his years he 
showed wonderful enterprise and determination to 
succeed, and began at once to lease and contract, 
instead of being satisfied with the pick and shovel 
work of the wage-earning miner. The leases he 
secured proved to be good ones, and before he was 
twenty lie became an owner and operator. 

His field of operations in Colorado extended 
from Denver and the great gold and silver fields in 
its immediate vicinity to those of the San Juan and 
Gunnison district in the southern and south- 
western part of the State. Frequently he returned 
to the ground in one mine what he had taken from 
another, and many times the elusive gold vein 
pinched out before him just as he thought it was 
about to yield fortune. But, generally speaking, lie 
did well. When a brilliant prospect failed to ma- 
terialize, he worked at modest profit some known 
body of ore. He became an expert on the gold and 
silver ores of the district and ranked with the en- 
gineers in the field. 

Like most miners in Colorado, he was heavily 
interested in silver properties. This was while 
Colorado was the greatest of the silver States, pro- 
ducing more than $30,000,000 annually in that 
metal, and while the money of the United States 
was on a silver as well as gold basis. When silver 
was demonetized in 1893, Mr. Pelton was in posses- 
sion of a number of good silver properties, in the 
Idaho Springs, the Creede, and the Aspen districts, 
where are found the largest deposits of silver ores 
in the world. All these became worse than worth- 
less. And like most Colorado miners, he changed 
his search for silver to a search for gold, and did 
a great deal towards the development of a number 
of the great gold camps of that State. 

Vfter the .-iiver panic, during the McKlnley ad- 
ministration, lie for a time turned his attention to 
other pursuits. He moved to Montrose in the 
famous I'ncompahgre Valley. Colorado, and bought 
a herd of cattle, and went into tin' cattle business 
on a considerable stale. This was in the wildest 
and most rugged country in America, where 
cattle ream not on the flat and easy prairie, but 

must be followed among tie- canyons and the crags 

and in the forests next the snow line 1 :\ feel 

above the sea level. He also went Into fruit grow- 
ing, as it was at that time that the discovery was 
made that the valleys of Western Colorado were 
among the best apple and peach-growing sections 

..I America in tie- small [Tncompahgre community 
he made himself well known politically. 

It was in these days when efforts were being 

made to interest the I'nited Slates Government in 

the work of reclamation that Mr Pelton, through 

sheer love of adventure and a comprehensive 
knowledge oi the inestimable benefits which would 
accrue by reason of a tunnel through the Gunnison 
Canyon, organized a small crew of men, built a 
float called the City of Montrose, which afterward 
figured largely in the history of that eventful 
period, and undertook to traverse the canyon, a 
feat no man had attempted before. 

This trip, which Mr. Pelton expected would take 
but a few days, took two weeks, and was only 
accomplished after overcoming almost insurmount- 
able obstacles. The feat of traversing this moun- 
tain canyon served, however, to convince Mr. Pel- 
ton that the tunnel project was feasible and he 
immediately undertook, with his customary energy, 
to set the wheels in motion. It was largely through 
Mr. Pelton's tireless efforts that the Government 
was induced to take up the work of digging the 
Gunnison tunnel, which enterprise has since been 
completed, diverting one of the greatest rivers of 
the West through a mountain range into another 
valley. He was rewarded for his large public-spirit 
and political activity by President McKinley, who 
appointed him Receiver of Public Moneys for the 
I'nited States at Montrose. 

The Goldfield excitement had largely subsided 
and had gone through the period of wild catting and 
stock jobbing when Mr. Pelton saw his opportunity 
in Nevada, and left Colorado in 1907. moving to 

It is from this date that the most Interesting 
part of .Air. Pelton's history begins. With the capi- 
tal he had, he began securing promising propertii 
He did well, but made no startling profits until he 
met a well known prospector in the National dis- 
trict who wished to sell a location which did 
not seem to indicate more than did a hundred 
others in the neighborhood. He wanted $20,000 

for the prospect Mr. Pelton saw with his experi- 
enced eyes that the expenditure of this sum 
would be likely to prove a good investment and 
he made the initial payment at once. 

Within two weeks from that time an almost 
solid body of gold or.- was uncovered on an ad- 
joining claim with the result thai the man who 
sold Mr. Pelton the National mine and those who 
were associated with him took steps to g 
property back. 

it was now that all of Mr. l'. lion's resourceful- 
ness and business sagacity wire called into play 
and for the next few months an absorbing business 
drama was played with the entire West as the 

stagi and a number of well known mining men as 
Hi. leading characters. Mr. Pelton finally tri- 
umphed, and he found himself in possi ssion of 
what has Bince proved to be one of the bonanza 

mines of Nevada. 

I'p to 1913, over live million dollars in gold has 
been taken From this mine ami ii is siiii a heavy 
producer, promising to so continue indefinitely. 

It has made this modest, unassuming \\. 

One Of the bonanza kints of the country, as In 

mini i held at an enormous valuation aside from 
what it has already yield* d, 

Mr. Pelton moved from Nevada to Pasadena in 

January. 1911. purchasing of the beautiful 

hones in the city by the foothills. Her • in this 

congenial atmosphere ot beauty and refinement lie 

ami lis family are living quietly 



sulting Engineer, Los Angeles. Cali- 
fornia, is a native of Viroqua, Wiscon- 
sin, where he was horn May 5, 1865. Mis 
father was Thurston Finkle and his mother 
was Sophia (Michelet) Finkle, a descendant 
of the celebrated French historian, Jules 

Mr. Finkle was married on September 18, 
1901. in San Francisco, to 
Miss l'riscilla Ann Jones, 
a son being born of the 
union, Frederick Cecil 
Finkle, Jr. 

After graduating from 
the public schools of his 
native town, Mr. Finkle 
took a special course of 
engineering at the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, ex- 
tending from 1882 until 
1887, when he came to 
California, settling at San 
Bernardino, where he at 
once plunged into impor- 
tant engineering employ- 

From 1887 until 1888 
he was chief engineer for 
the North Riverside Land 
and Water Company, the 
Jarupa Land and Water 
Company, and the Vivi- 
enda Water Company, for 
irrigation systems costing 
approximately six hun- 
dred thousand dollars. 

From 1889 to 1893 he was city engineer 
of San Bernardino, during the construction 
of the water works, of streets, and many 
other municipal improvements, and at the 
same time as consulting engineer for the 
State of California for water works and for 
sewer systems for state institutions. 

From 1893 to 1897 Mr. Finkle was chief 
engineer for the East Riverside Irrigation 
district, the Riverside-Highland Water Com- 
pany and the Grapeland Irrigation district, 
and from 1897 to 1906 he served notably as 
chief engineer for the Southern California 
Edison Company and allied concerns, in 
charge of designs and construction of seven 
hydro-electric power plants costing ten mil- 
lion dollars. 

Since 1906 Mr. Finkle has been retained 
as consulting engineer and expert in hy- 
draulic work for a score of irrigation and 
water supply companies in California. Ore- 

gon. Colorado, Arizona, Mexico and other 
regions, lie i> consulting engineer for thirty 
or more large corporations, partly mutual 
water companies ami partly public service 
corporations. Among these are : All the 
mutual water companies in the Imperial 
Valley. California, the Southern California 
Edison Company. Arrowhead Reservoir and 
Power Company, Redlands and Yucaipa 
Land and Water Com- 
pany, Mount Hood Rail- 
way and Power Company 
of Portland. ( )re.. and 
many others. 

Mr. Finkle's most im- 
portant works and those 
which have attracted 
world-wide attention are 
the Kern-River plant No 
1 of the Edison Company, 
the largest impulse water 
wheel plant in the world : 
Mill Creek Xo. 3 plant of 
the Edison Company, op- 
erating under n e a r 1 v 
2000 foot head, and Ar- 
rowhead Dam at Little 
Bear Valley, the highest 
earth dam in the world. 

Mr. Finkle ranks as 
one of but few men who 
are considered the high- 
est authorities on hy- 
draulic power, irrigation 
and domestic water sup- 
ply, and hydrographic 
geology in the world. He 
has contributed somewhat to engineering 
publications on these subjects. 

He built and owns the Finkle Build- 
ing. Los Angeles, a beautiful eight-story re- 
inforced concrete structure occupied by the 
Hotel Snow; he owns the Monitor Apart- 
ments at Ocean Park and other prop- 

As a conservative Democrat Mr. Finkle 
has taken occasional interest in politics. He 
belongs to the American Institute of Electri- 
cal Engineers, the American Society of Irri- 
gation Engineers, the So. Cal. Engineers and 
Architects' Association and the So. Cal. 
Chapter of the American Institute of Electri- 
cal Engineers. He is a member of the Cali- 
fornia Club of Los Angeles, the Bohemia 
Club and Sierra Club of San Francisco, the 
Denver Club of Denver, the Automobile Club 
of So. Cal., and the Automobile Association 
of America. 




ney at Law, Oakland, was born in San 
Francisco, February 19, 1863, the sen of 

William S. and Susan Helen (Louchran) 
Sni ink. His paternal ancestors arrived in 
America, from England, in 1812, and became 
residents of New York State, while his 
mother's family, which was of Irish origin, 
settled in Vermont. On February 19, 1889, 
C h ar 1 e s E. Snook was 
m a r r i e d in ( )akland to 
Miss Jennie Wade. The 
c h i Id i" e n ni this mar- 
riage are Charles Wade. 
born June 19, 1890; Pres- 
ton E d w a r (1, .March 9, 
1896, and 1 lelen J e a n 
Snook. December 30, 1898. 

From 1868 to 1875 Mr. 
Siii ink attended the pri- 
mary and gra m m a r 
schools of ( Oakland, and 
inr the next three years 
was a student at the < >ak- 
land High School, which 
he left in 1879 to enter 
the employ of Goldberg, 
I'.i iv\ en Ov i ' '.. grocers. 

Beginning as a sugar 
boy he remained with his 
employers until he he- 
came a buyer for the 
house, in January, 1886. 
During the last two and 
a half years of this period 
he studied law under the directii m of J udge S. 1'. 
Hall, of the Appellate Bench, and on Feb- 
ruary 1, 1886, was admitted to the Bar in San 
Francisco, prior to this time having been in 
cmirt but once, and that time for the purpose 
of seeing a murder trial. 

Immediately after his admittance to the 
Bar Mr. Snook opened an office, with Messrs. 
Lowenthal and Sutter, at 220 Sansome street, 
San Francisco, for the general practice of his 
pn ifessii m. This at first was i if \ cry moderate 
proportions, bu1 graduall} drew him into the 
laud law branch of it. where progress he- 
came si, mew hat more rapid. After one year 
-I i liis connection he formed a partnership 
under the firm name of Suiter ,\- Snook, and 
engaged in a general civil practice, consisting 
chiefly of mechanics' liens, probate matters, etc. 

In lsss. the political field having become 
somewhat attractive to him, Mr. Snook was 
a candidate for the office of [ustice of the 


Peace, in Oakland, and was elected on the 
Republican ticket. Taking office, December 
1. 1887, he served four years so successfully 
that he was induced to run for the District 
Attorneyship of Oakland. In this In 
again the victor, and assumed the duties of 
his position on January 1, 1893. During his 
six years' incumbency he was prosecutor in a 
wide variety of cases, including several mur- 
der trials. His work at- 
tracted especial interest 
during his pn isecutii in i if 
the Supen is, >rs o f the 
County of Alameda, who 
had been charged w i t h 
paying exorbitant bills, 
with general extravagance 
a n d misconduct in of- 

In 1895 Mr. Snook 
formed a partnership with 
Mr. S. L. Church, who 
was his chief deputy in 
the office of District At- 
torney. This has been a 
notably happj combina- 
tion, developing an ex- 
tensive and important 
practice, especially on the 
east side of the Bay, 
chiefly in corporation law. 
Following the custom 
prevalent in England, and 
in most large American 
legal firms, the partners 
have specialized in different branches of the 
profession, Mr. Snook handling the civil end 
and Mr. Church the criminal branch of the 
business. Mr. Snook was Secretary of the 
State Central Committee under Pardee, and 
is an enthusiastic supporter of the Progres- 
sive wing of the party. Throughout the Par- 
dee administration he was attorney for the 
Regents of the University of California, but 
was retired after serving ten months of the 
i idlett regime. 

His firm acts as the local attorneys for 
the VV. P. Ry. Co., Oakland & Antioch Ry. 
Co., Security Bank & Trust Co., Judson Mfg. 
Co., II. C ( 'apw ell t !i '.. I 'acific ( !oast 

her & Mill Co., and Male Bros. He is P. ( , 

M. of the V I >. U. W '.. a Blue Lodge Mas,,,-. 
K. T., and a M \ Stic Shriner. 

His clubs 


are the Athenian and the Nile 






Pasadena, California, and St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, was born in Alton, Illinois, Decem- 
ber 14, 1S69, the son of James T. Drum- 
mond and Bethia (Randle) Drummond. He mar- 
ried Mary W. Prickett at St. Louis, Missouri, No- 
vember 22, 1S92, and to them were born twin chil- 
dren, Harrison and Georgianna Drummond. Mr. 
Drummond is descended from an illustrious South- 
ern family, its original locale in Virginia, where 
for generations the plantation was the scene of 
those beautiful hospitalities which were charac 
teristic of the old South. 

Mr. Drummond in 1906 transferred his home to 
Southern California, where he has taken his place 
among the substantial business and social leaders 
of that section. He spent the greater part of his 
life in the Middle West. Born to riches, he had 
the advantage of culture and a splendid education, 
but withal, has the democratic distinction of hav- 
ing won his own way in the business world. He 
received the primary part of his education in the 
German Lutheran School at Alton, later attending 
Wyinan Institute at Upper Alton, Illinois. From 
there he went to the Episcopal Academy of Con- 
necticut, situated at Cheshire, that State, and 
there prepared for his university course. He was 
graduated from the academy in 1SS7, and the fol- 
lowing year became a student in Sheffield Scien- 
tific School (Yale University), from which he was 
graduated in the class of 1890, after having studied 
there two years. 

For generations the Drummonds had been to- 
bacco raisers and at the time of Mr. Drummond's 
graduation his father's company was conducting 
one of the greatest tobacco industries in the world. 
In his youth he had learned much about the busi- 
ness 6f his ancestors, but it was the desire of his 
father, the controlling spirit in the Drummond To- 
bacco Company, that the son should ultimately suc- 
ceed to the management of this great enterprise, 
and so .started him in at the bottom to learn the 
business in its every department. 

Beginning in one of the smallest positions in 
the factory, he worked through the various grades 
and at the end of two years was appointed Assis 
tant Superintendent of the plant in St. Louis. In 
this position his responsibilities were largely In- 
creased /in. I he discharged ins duties with the ame 
conscientiousness and zeal he would have displayed 
had he not been the owner's son. In due time be 
was promoted to the position oi Superintendent 
ct the company and held this position lor approxi- 
matelj sj\ year8 During this period he had full 
charge of the manufacturing branch of the busi- 
ness and carried a large pari of the very great re- 
sponsibility of management. 

Having qualified as a practical tobacco manu- 
facturer, Mr Drummond was elected bj the board 

of directors to the Presidency of the Drummond 
Tobacco Company, succeeding his father, who was 
called by death about this time. From that time 
forward Mr. Drummond was one of the leading 
figures in the tobacco industry in the United States. 
He retained the office of President until his com- 
pany, like many others, was taken in as part of 
the Continental Tobacco Company, thus forming 
one of the most gigantic business enterprises in 
the world. The new corporation was capitalized 
at one hundred million dollars, of which Mr. Drum- 
mond held a large part, and he, being recognized 
as one of the great tobacco experts of the world 
at the time, was elected First Vice President and 
Director of the Continental Company, also holding 
a place on the Board of Directors of the American 
Tobacco Company, the parent organization. 

His new offices necessitated the removal of Mr. 
Drummond from St. Louis to New York, and dur- 
ing the next two years he was one of the chief 
factors, with James V. Duke, in the direction of 
the combine's affairs. In 1901, however, his con- 
tracts with the tobacco companies expired and he 
resigned his offices, determined to retire from the. 
business for all time. 

Upon severing his connection with the Ameri- 
can Tobacco Company Mr. Drummond returned to 
St. Louis, where he still retained large interests, 
principally banking, and determined upon devoting 
himself to their direction. In 1894, when he was 
still a young man, he had been elected Director of 
the Merchants-Laclede National Bank of St. Louis, 
and five years later became a director and member 
of the executive board of the Mississippi Vallej 
Trust Company of the same city. He applied him- 
self almost exclusively to the banking business 
for the first lew years after his return to St. Louis, 
but also took an active interest in the public af- 
fairs of the city. When the Louisiana Purchase 
Exposition was organized he was chosen as one 
of the directors of the enterprise and proved one 
of the most active factors in the success of the 
World's Fair, held at St. Louis in 1904. Besides 
serving as one of the executive board, he also was 
Chairman of the Committee on Police and a member 
of the Committee on Concessions. These were two 
of the most Important sections of the great under- 
taking and bis responsibilities were such that he 
devoted most of his time to them, with the result 

that at the close of the exposition he was declared 
one of the factors to whom the success of it was 
very largely due. 

For the next two years following the ■ *ose of 
the exposition Mr. Drummond confined himsell to 
in- banking Interests and a tew movements ol a 
civic nature, but in 1906 resigned his offices in the 
banks ami most of his other corporations and de- 
cided to transfer his borne to California, it was 

hi- luminal intention to locate in Santa Barbara, 
but on his way there be halted for a In id \tsi« 



at Pasadena and was so impressed with the beau- 
ties of the Crown City that he decided to remain 
there permanently. He purchased a Deautiful home 
within a short time after his arrival and for the 
first few years spent his time in travel and recre- 
ation, not engaging actively in any business. In 
the early part of 1912, however, he took part in 
the formation of the Security National Bank of 
Pasadena, now one of the important financial or- 
ganizations of the city. 

Ernest H. May, one of the best known finan- 
ciers in the West, is President of the bank, which 
has $100,000 capital and a splendid building, while 
Mr. Drummond is Vice President and Director. As 
in his previous banking ventures, Mr. Drummond 
has given to this all of his time and energy, and, 
with Mr. May, has placed the bank among the 
most substantial financial institutions in Southern 

Mr. Drummond is a prominent figure in the 
affairs of the Pasadena Rose Tournament Associa- 
tion, under the auspices of which the Crown City's 
annual floral carnival is held, and had the distinc- 
tion, in 1913, of being chosen first "King of Ar- 
cady," the highest honor of the celebration. The 
choice of Mr. Drummond for this honor was a 
splendid tribute to his personal popularity, owing 
to the fact that it was the first time a "King" had 
been named to rule over the carnival since the 
origin of the fete, nearly a quarter of a century 

In the work of the Rose Tournament Associa- 
tion, Mr. Drummond has been one of its most en- 
thusiastic members. This carnival, which began 
in a small way in 1889, is unique among public 
celebrations of the world in that it is held on New 
Year's Day and only natural flowers are used in 
the decorations. The sight of thousands of fresh 
blooms when most other parts of the country are 
buried in snow, and fresh flowers are a luxury, 
serves to draw thousands of tourists to Pasadena 
each New Year's Day, and in 1913 the visitors to 
the city were estimated at 200,000 in number. 

Realizing that the Rose Tournament is one of 
the city's greatest assets, the progressive business 
men of Pasadena, of whom Mr. Drummond is one, 
spare neither time nor money in preparing for the 
event. They are among the most practical workers 
for the advancement of the city's interests. 

The Drummonds have taken their place among 
the leaders of the exclusive society for which Pasa- 
dena is noted, their affairs during the winter 
season being among the most notable given there. 
In years past Mr. Drummond was a prominent 
figure in the social life of St. Louis and the East- 
ern resorts and was celebrated as a yachtsman. 
He spent part of each year at Bar Harbor, occupy- 
ing the Steepways or some other fashionable cot- 
tage, and also indulged himself in his favorite 
recreation, his big steam yacht, "White Heather," 
being one of the most magnificent private vessels 

on the Atlantic Coast. Mr. Drummond has taken 
many notable voyages in the "White Heather," 
cruising to many parts of the world. 

While in the East Mr. Drummond belonged to 
a number of fashionable clubs and was an enthui- 
astic amateur golfer. This sport he still indulges 
in in various parts of the country, holding member- 
ships in several of the most noted country clubs of 
the United States. 

Born of ancestry famous for its hospitality, Mr. 
Drummond has always been a splendid host, and 
during his visits to the family home in Alton, 
Illinois, entertains on a lavish scale. 

Although he makes his home for the greater 
part of the year in Pasadena, Mr. Drummond still 
directs the Drummond family interests in St. Louis, 
as President of the Drummond Realty & Trust 
Company, through which he manages the large es- 
tate left by his father. 

Another enterprise in which Mr. Drummond is 
interested is the Western Hardwood Company, a 
California institution, of which he is a director. 

Mr. Drummond is a Democrat in his political 
affiliations and during his residence in St. Louis 
was an important figure in the party's affairs. He 
received the Democratic nomination for Congress 
in the Eleventh district of St. Louis in 1896, but, 
although he was quite a young man to receive such 
an honor, he declined it. Later he was chosen a 
member of the staff of Governor Lon V. Stephens 
of Missouri, and served for four years as Quarter- 
master General. He was also appointed by Gover- 
nor Stephens to the office of Police Commissioner 
of St. Louis, but resigned it after serving a few 
months, his private affairs compelling him to re- 
linquish the post. Mr. Drummond still is an en- 
thusiastic supporter of the Democratic party, but 
has taken no active part in politics since his re- 
moval to California. 

Endowed with an unusual amount of energy, 
Mr. Drummond has been a worker and has done his 
share to develop the industries and resources of 
the country, and even though he determined to 
retire from active business life the interests re- 
tained by him were such as to keep him in touch 
with various important enterprises. Also he has 
applied himself to various movements for the bet- 
terment of civic conditions in Pasadena and is gen- 
erally regarded as one of the enthusiastic citizens 
of the Southern California social capital. 

Mr. Drummond is a member of clubs in various 
parts of the United States, his memberships in- 
cluding the Pasadena Country Club, Midwick Coun- 
try Club of the same place, the University Club 
of New York, the St. Louis Club and the Mount 
Deseret Country Club of Bar Harbor, being a life 
member of the latter two. He also belongs to the 
New York Yacht Club and the Larchmont Yacht 
Club, and formerly was a member of the Ardsley 
Club, one of the fashionable organizations near 
Dobbs' Ferry, on the Hudson. 



Los Angeles, California, was born at Grass 
Lake, Jackson County, Michigan. July 
2 - 18t>3. the son of Moses Longyear 
and Mana (Douglas, Longyear. He married 
Miss Ida A Mackav ut t «o a , 
S i«qi a f ™ y at Los Angeles. February 
8 1893, and to them there have been born two 
children, Douglas M. Longyear aud Gwendolyn 
C. Longyear. Mrs. Longyear was the youngest 
daughter of Captain A. F. Mac kay. a pion ee 
builder of Los Angeles. Pioneer 

«'ho erected many of the 
large buildings of that city- 
prior to his death. Mr. Long- 
year is of German and 
Scotch antecedents, his 
father's parents having been 
of old German stock, natives 
of Nuremberg, Germany. 
They came over to the 
United States early in the 
nineteenth century, settling 
first in New York State and 
later in Michigan. His moth- 
er was of Scotch descent. 
Her father, Eli Douglas, was 
born in Vermont in 1810 and 
as a young man, in the early 
thirties, migrated to South- 
ern Michigan, where only the 
wild animal trails marked the 
line of travel that is today- 
followed by railroads and 
highways. Then it required 
a strong heart and stead y 
nerve to withstand the hard- 
ships of the pioneer— t h e 
days before matches, "when 
grandmother went a mile for 

fire if so unfortunate as to let the hearthfire 
go out. 

Mr. Longyear's father was prominent in political 
and social affairs in the community where he was 
born and reared and held many important public 
offtces. In the early days of his business career he 
was a merchant, and later engaged in stock raising 
»"" tupping, being reputed at the time of his 
death to _ have the largest sheep holdings in South- 
fin Michigan. 

Mr. Longyear, who now occupies a position 
anion* he leading bankers of the Southwest was 
reared in Michigan and received his education in 
he public schools of Kalamazoo. He was nine 
>ars old wl,„ his father died and the early p^ 

clreer of ar th f " "' ""' f " educ < 

Career ot their son were thwarted. After his 

J , ,"" '" S '" a """ al S rand **her. The strong 
Scotch Influence which surrounded his life there 

*£■»«* to do with molding and fixing „ 

'"" S mwWch W" ^ture rweer was Li! What 


he lost in theoretical teaching, however he made 
up in practical experience. 

At the age of eighteen years. Mr. Longyear en- 
tered the employ of the U. S. Government as a 
clerk in the Registry Division of the Kalamazoo 
Postottice. He remained in the Federal service 
about two years, resigning in 1884, and since that 
time fata l life has been spent in the banking business 
He first entered the banking field as an em- 
ploye of the Kalamazoo National Bank, beginning 
in a minor position, and re- 
mained with it for about five 
years, or until the year 1889 
During that time he passed 
through various positions 
and became thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the intricacies 
of National banking. 

Resigning his position 
with the Kalamazoo institu- 
tion in November, 1889. Mr. 
Long year went to California, 
locating at Los Angeles, since 
when he has made that city 
his home. For the first few 
months after his arrivel he 
was inactive, but early in 1890 
he became associated with 
the Security Savings Bank in 
the capacity of Teller. He 
held this position for about 
three years and then was 
made Assistant Cashier. 

It was in this latter office 
that Mr. Longyear displayed 
his abilities most and in 
1895, upon a change being 
made in the personnel of the 
bank, he was elected to the 
offices of Cashier and Secretary, both of which of- 
fices he fills. Thus, in thai firs, five years. Mr 
Longyear. who arrived in Los Angeles practicallv a 
stranger, rose from a minor position to a most im- 
portant one, in one of the strongest banks in the 
West, the Security Trust & Savings Bank, as the 
institution is now known. 

'" addition to his banking affiliations. Mr Long- 
year has been identified with numerous commercial 
and development projects. He also is interested in 
real estate in and around Los Angeles, being ■, 
stockholder and director in several corporations 

Having inherited from his father a tendencj to 
ward outdoor purusits. Mr. i„ngy„„- Qaa ,„ ,..,.. 
years acquired rery substantial holdin 
leyadjacenl to Los Angeles, so thai a, some future 

"; n , ."" " ,av satl <rfy that calling, which 

ol bis profession will term a aobbj 

Mr. Longyear is a Scottish Rite Mason, member 
of Al Malaikah Temple ol the Mystic Shrine, the 
California Club. Los Angeles Country Club Crass 
Country Club and the Jonathan Club. I 



Attorney-at-Law and ex-Judge of the Su- 
perior Court of San Francisco, was born 
at Litchfield County, Connecticut, August 
19, 1851, the son of Michael Sullivan and Mar- 
garet (Bohane) Sullivan, both of whom were 
of Irish birth. He came to California in April, 
1852, and on September 13, 1S76, was married 
in San Francisco to Miss Helen M. Bliss, daugh- 
ter of George D. Bliss, a California pioneer. 
The children of this mar- 
riage are Harry F., Ger- 
trude M. (now Mrs. Ber- 
nard M. Breeden), Helen 
Bliss, Jeremiah Francis, Jr., 
and Marguerite Sullivan. 

During the years 1856- 
1S61 Judge Sullivan attended 
both public and private 
schools in Nevada County, 
California. From 1862 to 
1870 he was a student at 
St. Ignatius College, in San 
Francisco, and in the latter 
year was graduated B. A. 
He subsequently took an 
M. A., and later the honorary 
degree LL. D. from the same 
institution. He then studied 
law, both privately and in 
the office of Winans & Bel- 
knap, during two years, of 
which period he taught 
mathematics, Latin, Greek, 
English, geography and his- 
tory at St. Ignatius. In Jan- 
uary, 1874, he was admitted 
to practice by the Supreme 
Court of California, after 
a thorough oral examination in open court. 
Until September, 1876, he practiced his pro- 
fession on his own account, and was then 
elected a member of the San Francisco Board 
of Education. While on that Board he assisted 
materially in the public investigation which re- 
sulted in putting an end to the advance sale of 
the questions to be submitted by the Board of 
Examiners to applicants for teachers' certifi- 
cates. He continued his practice, with increas- 
ing success, until September, 1879, when he was 
elected to the Superior Bench, as one of the orig- 
inal twelve chosen under the Constitution of 1879, 
which provided Superior Courts for each county, 
to replace the old District Courts. Judge Sulli- 
van's first term was for five years, but in Novem- 
ber, 1884, he was re-elected for a term of six 
years. In 1889 he resigned to devote himself to 
private practice, with his brother, Matt I. Sulli- 
van, and has continued the partnership ever since. 
Judge Sullivan's judicial career was eventful, 
marked by important cases, some of which attract- 
ed wide public interest, and were sensational to a 
degree. He was but twenty-eight years old when 
he conducted his first really important trial. Con- 
spicuous among the causes that fall in this cate- 
gory was the case of Burke vs. Flood, one of the 

famous Bonanza cases, so-called from their relation 
to the old Comstock lode, at that time yielding fab- 
ulous returns. This particular case involved the 
division rights of stockholders on the Comstock, 
and took on much of the excitement of those stren- 
uous times. Another celebrated case over which 
Judge Sullivan presided was that of Cox vs. Mc- 
Laughlin. But the most sensational and, perhaps, 
far reaching in its consequences, of all the causes 
he tried, was that of Sharon vs. Sharon, both the 
trial and the decision of 
which created antagonisms 
that have lasted through 
years. This was an action 
brought by Sarah Althea Hill 
against Senator Wm. Sharon 
for divorce. She prayed that 
the contract of Aug. 25, 1880, 
by virtue of which she de- 
clared they had been mar- 
ried, be pronounced legal and 
valid, that account of prop- 
erty involved be taken, and 
the amount of community 
property involved be taken 
and amount of community 
property decided. The sec- 
ond trial began before Judge 
Sullivan, March 10, 1884, a 
jury being waived, and was 
concluded, after eighty days 
of trial, Sept. 17 of the same 
year. He decided in favor 
of the plaintiff, that the con- 
tract was genuine, that de- 
fendant deserted his wife 
and she was entitled to a di- 
vorce and a division of com- 
munity property. On appeal 
the Supreme Court sustained the decision, modify- 
ing the amount of alimony and counsel fees allowed. 
In 1S86 Judge Sullivan was a candidate for the 
Supreme Bench. Certain influential elements con- 
spiring to defeat him, he lost by less than 500 votes 
in a total of 225,000. Of late years the practice of 
the firm, Sullivan, Sullivan & Theo. J. Roche, 
though of a general nature, has been largely in pro- 
bate matters, including will contests and damage 
suits, involving death or personal injuries. In these 
the partners have been remarkably successful 
Prominent was the case of Willard R. Zibbell vs. S. 
P. Co. Zibbell had lost two arms and one leg. 
Judgment, with interest and costs, amounted to up- 
wards of $92,000. The Supreme Court sustained 
judgment of lower court and awarded to firm's 
client the largest sum ever paid in a damage suit 
in the United States. 

Beyond his legal and judicial life, Judge Sulli- 
van has been active in fraternal work. For two 
terms he was Grand President of the Young Men's 
Institute; organized the Atlantic jurisdiction of 
the order. He has, however, concentrated mainly 
on his profession, especially on strictly legal ques- 
tions involved, and has gained a wide reputation 
for courtesy and scholarly attainments, as well as 
for legal and judicial ability and integrity. 




Law, Fresno, California, was born in Shelby 
County, Missouri, September 12, 1S62, the 
son of Joshua Hamilton Bell Short and 
Emily (Wharton) Short. He has been twice 
married, his second wife being Nellie Curtis, 
whom he married at Los Angeles, California, 
March 7, 1897. He has a son, Frank H. Short, 
Jr., by his former marriage. Judge Short is 
descended of a family noted in the literary and 
legal history of the coun- 
try, its various branches 
having settled in Delaware, 
Penns y 1 v a n i a and other 
States. Mrs. Short is re- 
related to several of the 
most prominent families in 
Southern California. 

Judge Short attended the 
public schools of Missouri 
and Nebraska, in which 
State he resided from 1S72 
to 1881, and upon moving 
to California in the latter 
year attended private insti- 
tutions. For four months 
prior to moving to the Pa 


cine Coast Judge Short had 
been a school teacher and 
for about eight months, at 
a later date, he taught in 
Fresno. About this time 
he took up the study of 

In 1882, at twenty-two 
years of age. Judge Short 
was elected Justice of the 
Peace of Fresno and the fol- 
lowing year was admitted to 
the practice of law in the 
State courts of California. 
He was admitted to practice 
before the Supreme Court of 
the United States in 1901. 

From the age of 25 to 35 
years, Judge Short had a suc- 
cessful general practice in Fresno, and appeared in 
numerous criminal cases, among the most impor- 
tant being "People vs. Richard Heath," "People vs. 
J. D. Smith," "People vs. Saunders" and others. 
He also took part in a large number of civil ac- 
tions and for many years past has been one of the 
leading counsel in irrigation, light, power and 
other corporation actions. 

Judge Short was retained as special counsel for 
the State in the "Fresno Rates Case," also the "Oil 
Rates Case," two litigations which had an Impor- 
tant bearing upon the commercial development of 
California. He also represented the oil operators 
of California in the "Scrippers Case," going before 
the Interior Department, also the various Federal 
courts, including the United States Supreme Court, 
and finally won a victory for his clients, the case 
having involved title to a large percentage of the 
oil-bearing lands in California. 

Judge Short also represented the oil producers 
of the State when lie appeared before Congress in 

1910 as Chairman of the California Oil Mens Dele- 
gation and his work in this capacity resulted in the 
passage of the "Oil Relief Hill." a remedial act of 

1911 permitting the issuance of patents to corpora- 
tions and Other assignees of oil land locators. 

He has also had a prominent part In water liti- 

gation for the Fresno Canal Company and other 
large concerns, including the Miller & Lux Com- 
pany. He has represented various other irrigation 
and electric power corporations in court and be- 
fore Congress. 

Since 1900 Judge Short has opposed the extreme 
conservation ideas of Theodore Roosevelt, Gifford 
Pinchot and others and has appeared before Con- 
gress and in public debate in support of his con- 
tentions. He represented his clients before Con- 
gress on questions involving 
Federal control and the uses 
of the public lands and ap- 
peared in debate before vari- 
ous public hearings, includ- 
ing the Irrigation Congresses 
and the Conservation Con- 
gress of 1910. He met Theo- 
dore Roosevelt, former Pres- 
ident of the United States, in 
debate before the Common- 
wealth Club of San Francisco 
in 1911. In all of his public 
debates and addresses. Judge 
Short has advocated that pro- 
cedure along the lines of 
Constitutional principles and 
settled legal rights is not 
only required, but more ben- 
eficial than departures along 
inconsistent lines, especially 
objecting to all attempts to 
assert Federal authority in 
purely State matters. His 
published writings also have 
been along these lines. 

Judge Short has been a 
consistent and active sup- 
porter of the Republican par- 
ty, and during his residence 
in California has been one 
of the most substantial work- 
ers for it. 

From 1SS8 down to the 
present time he has been a 
delegate or an officer of 
nearly every State Convention of his party and on 
frequent occasions has been a delegate to the Na- 
tional Conventions. He was sent to St. Louis in 
1S96. when William McKinley was nominated for 
the Presidency, and to Chicago in 1904. when The- 
odore Roosevelt received the nomination. He 
has also been honored in other ways by his 
party, among which was his attendance at the 
White House Conference of Governors in 190S. In 
addition, he has taken part in the work of the Na 
tional Geographical Society, the National Civic Fed- 
eration and various commercial organizations. He 
was Commissioner of Yosemite Park from 1898 
until 1906 and Trustee of the San Jose Normal 
School for four years. 

Judge Short is interested in several important 
industrial companies in California, being a director, 
officer or attorney for them. He is Vice Presldenl 
and Director of the Fresno Canal ft Irrigation 
Company, also of the Consolidated Canal Company 
He is a Director of the Fresno National Hank, the 
Fresno Hotel Company and of numerous oil and 
canal companies. 

His clubs are the Sequoia and Fresno Country 

club of Fresno; Pacific Union, Bohemian and 
Union League of San Francisco lie is also a 
ier of the Masonic fraternity. 







KEITH, DAVID, Capitalist, Salt Lake City, 
Utah, was born at Mabou, Cape Breton 
Island, Nova Scotia, May 27, 1847, the son 
of John Keith and Margaret (Ness) Keith. 
He married Miss Mary Ferguson of Salt Lake City 
and is the father of four children, Mrs. Richard 
S. Eskridge of Seattle, Washington, Mrs. Albert 
C. Allen of Medford, Oregon, Miss Margaret Keith 
and David Keith, Jr., who is now attending school 
in Connecticut. 

Mr. Keith had no advantages of riches at birth, 
and his schooling was limited to a few years at 
the public schools of his native town. At a tender 
age. however, he went to work in the mines of 
Nova Scotia, but gave this up before long because 
the love of adventure was strong within him. He 
ran away to sea while still a boy, but tired of the 
life of a sailor after a time, and thought that war 
offered him a better chance for adventure. The 
Civil War beginning, he tried to enter the Federal 
Army, but his sea captain, who had become at- 
tached to him, interposed an obstacle that even 
young Keith could not overcome. The captain dis- 
closed the extreme youth of the would-be soldier 
and he was barred from the ranks. 

Balked in this ambition, he went to California. 
and in 1S67, after a brief period spent in the 
Golden State, journeyed to Nevada. He was em- 
ployed for a time as construction boss in the build- 
ing of the Southern Pacific Railroad near Reno, 
but left this in due time to go back to his original 
work of mining. That this was his destined field 
would seem to have been proved by the events 
which followed in his life. 

He first obtained employment in the great 
Comstock mines, and by his intelligent work at- 
tracted attention which placed him. in quick suc- 
cession, in positions of trust and responsibility in 
the operations of that famous property. 

On the decline of the celebrated Comstock camp 
he moved to Bark City, Utah, arriving there in 
1883. He accepted a position as foreman of On- 
tario No. 3, and later became superintendent. 

It was in the management of the Ontario that 
the really great abilities of Mi. Keith as a mining 
man came to general notice. 

After several years' association with that en- 
terprise he became a mine owner. Here we ar- 
rive a i the point when- be was transformed from 
a manager into one of the greatest men In the his- 
torj 01 mining in the I'nited States. In partner- 
ship with Thomas Kearns i later United Slates Sen- 
ator from Utah), John Judge and AI Emery, 
he began taking leases on mining claims, from 

which enterprise sprang the Fabulous Silver King 

mine, the most famous silver propertj in the world 
and one which has net only made multi-millionaires 
Oi its promoters and their families, but added im- 
mensely to the visible wealth of the State. 

Tins silver treasury has been declared the most 

Important factor in the growth and develei ment 

of I'tah and Salt Lake City, and few men, if any, 
have had more to do with the upbuilding of the 
capital than David Keith. 

He, in a great measure, became the silver king 
of Utah, and the successful work in making of a 
mere prospect the wonderful Silver King mine has 
been of such varied and picturesque coloring that 
if the story were presented in its many interest- 
ing details it would read like a story from the 
"Arabian Nights." 

Salt Lake City itself may be taken as an ever- 
lasting monument to the work of the Silver King 
developers, for almost all of the wealth which the 
mine poured into the laps of its owners has been 
used by them in making of Utah's capital a "City 
Beautiful" in every sense of the term. The money 
wrested from the mountains has been kept at home, 
and no man is more public spirited in the use of his 
part of it than is David Keith. 

The range of his activities has been a wide one 
and of almost incalculable value in making a mod- 
ern commonwealth out of the rugged territory of 

He has been engaged in mining, mercantile, 
banking, real estate and other lines of endeavor 
and into each he has put the force of a progressive 
character and the unlimited energy which has 
marked him all through life. 

Aside from his work in developing the Silver 
King, Mr. Keith organized the Keith-O'Brien Com- 
pany, one of the greatest mercantile establish- 
ments in the Trans-mountain States, but about two 
years ago he disposed of his interest in the latter 
to David F. Walker, although the name of the firm 
remains the same. 

At the present time he is president of the Sil- 
ver King Coalition Mines Co.. president Salt Lake 
Tribune Publishing Co., president First National 
Bank of Park City, I'tah. director of the National 
Copper Bank of Salt Lake, director Las Vegas & 
Tonopah Railroad, director National Bank of the 
Republic, Salt Lake City, and a large bond and 
stockholder in the San Pedro, Las Vegas, Los An- 
geles and Salt Lake Railroad. In addition to these 
connections, Mr. Keith is the owner of large real 
estate and property interests in Salt Lake, as well 
as large timber tracts. He has always devoted part 
of his time to his city and State and has bt - 
of the prime movers in anj enterprise which had 
for its object the betterment of either. He has 
taken a patriotic' interest in politics, and was a 
member of the Legislature which adopted the Con 

stitution of the state, but beyond this he has 
neither sought nor held political office 

Mr. Keith is a man ol personality and his club 

memberships testify to his popularity. Thej art 

Alta. Commercial. Elks and Salt Lake County, of 
Salt Lake: California Club, of Los Angeles; Rocky 
Mountain Club, of New York city He finds a 
recreation in reading, his library ot standard works 

being one oi the most complete In the West. 



HOBSOX, DANIEL \\\, Real Estate 
and Investments, Sacramento, Cal.. 
was burn at Savannah, Missouri, Jan- 
uary 19, 1879, the son of John Alexander and 
Catherine (Webster) Hobson. On the pa- 
ternal side he is descended from the Hobson 
stock of Xorth Carolina, one of the first fam- 
ilies of the South. His mother's ancestors 
were members of the 
Irish aristocracy. His 
father was a mining engi- 
neer and mine owner in 

Mr. Hobson's father 
dying when he was but 
two years old, he was 
brought to Oakland, Cali- 
fornia, where he received 
his first early education in 
public and private schools. 
H e attended Anderson's 
Academy at Ala m e d a. 
California, preparatory to 
a course at the University 
of California. Graduating 
from the academy in 1899, 
he entered the university, 
b u t was forced, by ill 
health, to abandon his uni- 
versity course. He spent 
that year in the country regaining his health. 

In January, 1900, he entered the em- 
ploy of the Lytton Mineral Springs Mineral 
Water Company. One of the first to 
see the merits of the waters of California's 
mineral springs, he left the employ of 
this company in 1901 to enter the business 
on his own account. He continued to boost 
the waters of California from 1901 to 1906, 
varying this enterprise with building ven- 
tures in the northern part of the State. 

In 1906, immediately following the San 
Francisco fire, he went to Oakland, California, 
and engaged in the real estate business. He 
spent the greater part of the year 1907 in 
traveling through Nevada looking- over the 


mining situation on his own behalf and in the 
interest of a group of California capitalists. 
In 1908 he actively took up the promotion of 
California lands, since which time he has be- 
come one of the most important operators 
in the central and northern lands of that 
State. Opening offices in San Francisco, he 
engaged exclusively in the sale and develop- 
ment of farm land s 
in Northern and Central 
California. In October, 
l l H0, he formed a part- 
nership with Trevor Corry 
under the firm name of 
1). \V. Hobson Company, 
a close corporation, of 
which Mr. Hobson is the 
Vice President. 

In 1911 Mr. Hobson 
and his company became 
interested in Sacramento 
Valley lands. In that 
year, owing to the vast 
increase in the firm busi- 
ness, a Sacramento office 
was opened, Mr. Hobson 
going there to take charge. 
The D. W. Hobson 
Company has to its credit 
one of the largest and 
most important deals in the history of the de- 
velopment of Sutter County, California. The 
company was directly responsible for the lo- 
cation there of the Alameda Sugar Company 
plant and their purchase of 11.000 acres of 
beet sugar land. The deal aggregated ap- 
proximately SI, 500,000. 

The Hobson Company has also been as- 
sociated with the acquisition and develop- 
ment of many of the E. R. Lilienthai prop- 
erties in the Sacramento Valley. 

Mr. Hobson is a member of the Sutter 
Club, Sacramento, Sacramento Chamber of 
Commerce, Sacramento Realty Board, State 
Realty Federation and of the Sacramento 
Valley Development Association. 



ney and Connselor-at-La\v, San Fran- 
cisco, California, was born in Oak- 
land. California, September 14. 1872. the 
-■in of Edward J. Pringle and Cornelia Cov- 
ington (Johnson) Pringle. His father was 
f< ir many years a noted lawyer in San Fran- 
cisco, and in 1899 was appointed Judge of 
the Supreme Court Commission of Califor- 
nia. Among his ances- 
tors who distinguished 
themselves in South Car- 
olina, especially n o t e- 
worthy was his great- 
grandfather. Hon. John 
Julius P r i n g 1 e. of 
Charleston, who on the 
26th of September. 178''. 
was appointed by George 
Washington Judge of the 
District of South Caro- 
lina, and who, on lune 
15, 1809, declined " the 
United States Attorney- 
Generalship offered him 
by Thomas Jefferson, at 
that time President of 
the United States. In 
connection with this his- 
torical tender of office an 
interesting incident grew 
i ait of one of President 
Taft's visits to the South 
during his campaign. 
While calling at the Prin- 
gle home in Charleston 
he saw the original docu- 
ment containing the above-mentioned offer 
from President Jefferson, and remarked: 
"Pringle, Pringle — I don't remember any 
Attorney General by thai name!" "Yes." 
replied the lady of the house, "but in those 
days the office sought the man, not the 
man the office. .Mr. Pringle declined tin- 

I'd his maternal side Mr. Pringle is a 
great-great grandson of the Revolutionary 
heroine, Rebecca Motte, and through his con- 
nections has a personal pride in much ol the 
early history of South Carolina. < hi Decem- 
ber 19, 1899, he was married in Oakland, 
Cal., to Miss Isabel! Hutchinson, the chil 
drin of which union are William Bull 
Pringle, Jr., born September 16, 1903, and 
\nii< Isabel Pringle, born October 16, 1905. 

After a course through the Oakland 
grammar school he entered Boone's Acad 
emy. in Berkeley, where lie prepare Id For 


Yale University, and later became a member 
of the class of '95. Afterward attended 
Yale Law School, transferring to Hastings 
College of the Law, San Francisco, from 
which he took the degree of LL. B. in 1895. 
In the latter year he began his professional 
life as a clerk in the law office of his father, 
Edward J. Pringle. Three years later he lie- 
came a member of the firm of Pringle, Mon- 
roe & Pringle. In 1899 
the firm was changed to 
Pringle <S: Pringle, of 
which he and his brother, 
Edward J. Pringle. Jr., 
were the junior partners. 
Shortly thereafter his 
father retired from the 
firm to become Judge of 
the Supreme Court Com- 
mission, and the firm 
Pringle & Pringle has 
tinned to the present 
time, being composed of 
the t w ■( i bn 'titers. 

In 1895-96 Mr. Prin- 
gle was a member and 
President of the Oakland 
City Council, and since 
that time has been inter- 
ested in real estate. Of 
late years his enterprise 
has extended to securing 
of long leases as an aid to 
the rebuilding of the city. 
Among the expressions 
of his activity in this 
direction are the Russ 
Building, the Turpin Hotel and the Terminal 
Hotel. He is President <>f the Convention 
League, formed for the purpose of attracting 
important conventions to San Francisco. 

He reads much on economic subject-. 
upon which he has positive views. He is 
well known as a football enthusiast and ex- 
pert and for a number of years coached the 
Reliance Club eleven to victory over the 
best teams on the Pacific Coast. 

In addition to his membership in the firm 
of Pringle & Pringle, he is President of the 
Montgomery Street Investment Co., Powell 
Street [nvestmeni Co., Terminal Investment 
Co.. vice president S. F. Suburban Home 
Building Society, Columbia Theater Co., 
Secretary Direcl Line Telephone Co., and 
director of the United Milk ( !o. 

His clubs are: Pacific Union, Burlingame 
Country, Mira Monte Gun and the Com- 
mi inwealth. 






BARD, THOMAS ROBERT. Capitalist and ex- 
Senator of the United States, Hueneme, 
Ventura County, California, was born in 
Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 8, 1S41. He is the son of Robert 
McParland Bard and Elizabeth Smith (Little I 
Bard, and descended from a family that traces 
back to the Middle Ages, with the American 
branch rich in mighty deeds of patriotism and im- 
portant factors in the Revolutionary and early 
colonial period of the nation's history. These lat- 
ter were among the Scotch-Irish settlers of the 
Cumberland Valley in Pennsylvania, the first of 
the name being Archibald Bard. 

The latter's son, Richard Bard, married Cather- 
ine Poe, who probably was a relative of the family 
of the immortal poet, Edgar Allan Poe, and these 
two figured in one of the most atrocious Indian out- 
rages in the history of the United States. Their 
homestead at Marshall's Mill (now Virginia Mills) 
was attacked and burned in 1758, and they, with 
their infant child and three other persons who were 
in the house at the time, were captured by a party 
of savage Delawares. Three of the captives, includ- 
ing the infant, were murdered and Mr. and Mrs. 
Bard suffered indescribable tortures. He finally 
escaped and, more than two years later, by paying 
a ransom, succeeded in obtaining his wife's release 
from captivity. 

An interesting incident in this connection is that 
in 1903, a century and a half later, a great-great- 
grandson of White Eyes, the Delaware chief, who 
had been one of the captors of Richard Bard, in a 
second experience with the savages, appeared in 
Washington to press an Indian land claim and en- 
listed the friendly aid of Senator Bard, great-great- 
grandson of the man who had suffered at the hands 
of the redmen. 

Richard Bard later became a Justice of the 
Peace, and while he was in politics for a number 
of years, his only other public office was as a mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania Convention, which, in 
1788, passed on the Federal Convention Constitu- 
tion. Richard Bard's brother, David Bard, was a 
member of Congress for the fourth, fifth, seven, 
eighth, ninth and tenth sessions. 

Other notable ancestors of Senator Bard were 
Thomas, a son of Richard Bard, who was a militia 
Captain, conspicuous in military affairs in Penn- 
sylvania after the Revolutionary War; Judge Archi- 
bald Bard, for twenty-one years on the bench, ami 
a prominent figure in politics in the early part of 
the last century; Thomas Hard, great-grandfather 
of the Senator, who, in 1814, organized a company 
and aided in the defense of Baltimore; Captain 
Robert Parker, a valiant officer under Washington, 
who participated in many of the most important 
battles of the Revolution and who was praised in 
after years by General Marquis Lafayette for his 
bravery and kindness to the Marquis when the lat- 

ter was wounded. Captain Parker, after the war, 
was appointed Collector of Excise for Franklin 
County and became one of the most prominent 
citizens in Pennsylvania. 

Senator Bard's father, although he died at the 
early age of forty-three, was a noted man in his 
day, and such was the appreciation of his unusual 
character and force that he might have achieved 
almost any position had he lived. He was a law 
yer. Between 1842 and 1S44 he was associated with 
the Hon. James X. McLanahan, one of the leading 
lawyers of that period. He soon attained a high 
position at the bar of his native county, and in 
his later years enjoyed a wide reputation in the 
State as a lawyer of great ability. "Mr. Bard was a 
peculiarly gifted man intellectually," wrote one 
of his contemporaries; "he had a profound knowl- 
edge of the law, was ardently devoted to his pro- 
fession, managed every case entrusted to him 
with masterly skill and force, and would, had 
not death removed him in the meridian of his 
years, been one of the country's grandest jurists. 
He possessed an active, vigorous and logical mind, 
and his legal learning was extensive and profound. 
His arguments to the court were cogent, and free 
from prolixity and redundancy. His addresses be- 
fore a jury were eloquent, convincing and directed 
toward presenting the strong points of his case 
clearly and strenuously. He judiciously refrained 
from dwelling at length on matters of minor im- 
portance. When he gave a legal opinion to a 
client on a difficult point of law, he was able to 
give it confidently, because it was the result of 
the most painstaking investigation and study, in 
politics, Senator Bard's father was a Whig, but he 
was never an aspirant for political office. In 1S39. 
when he was only thirty years old, and the public 
school system was in its infancy, he was elected 
a member of the Chambersburg School Board, and 
he was chosen Chief Burgess of the borough in 
1847. In 1S50 he was nominated for Congress by 
the Whigs. He was a man of strong convictions, 
with the courage to avow them. He was con- 
spicuous as an influential and consistent advocate 
of temperance at a time when opposition to the 
Ruin Power and Slave Power were alike regarded 
as a species of fanaticism." 

Senator Bard married Mary Beatrice Gerberd- 
ing at San Francisco. California, April 17. 1876, 
and to them there were born eight children. Rob 
ert (deceased), Beryl Beatrice. Mary Louise (now 
Mrs. R. 0. Edwards), Anna Greenwell, Thomas Ger- 
herding, Elizabeth Parker, Richard and Archibald 
Philip Bard. 

Left fatherless at the age of ten, the future 
Senator Bard early developed a self. reliant charac 
ter in keeping with the traits of his forbears. II. ■ 
attended the Chambersburg Academy, anil at the 
age of seventeen rears began the study of ia« in 
ii" office of Hon. George Chambers, at Chambers 

burg. Impaired health, however, compelled him to 
Note: Senator Bard died Man I, ;.. 191C 



abandon his preparation for the bar and seek a 
more active business life. He became a member 
of the forwarding and commission house of Zeller 
& Company, in 1861, at Hagerstown, Maryland, and 
also served the Cumberland Valley Railroad at that 
place until August, 1864. 

Speaking of this part of the Senator's career 
and events subsequent, G. O. Seilhamer, Esq., in an 
historical and genealogical work, entitled "The 
Bard Family: A Chronicle of the Bards," says: 

"During this period he saw some dangerous ser- 
vice as a volunteer scout in the successive inva- 
sions of Maryland and Pennsylvania by the Con- 
federates. One day, with a companion, he pene- 
trated the lines of the enemy and was captured. 
They were on the point of being hanged as spies, 
when a sudden rush of Union cavalry rescued them 
from their distressing situation. In the autumn of 
1864, Thomas A. Scott, Assistant Secretary of War, 
and afterwards president of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road, was in search of a capable young man to take 
charge of his extensive interests in Southern Cali- 
fornia, which included oil lands that it was be- 
lieved would rival the oil regions of Pennsylvania. 

"Mr. Bard was chosen for the work, and after 
spending several months in Colonel Scott's office, 
was placed in control of his holdings in Los An- 
geles, Ventura and Humboldt Counties, comprising 
about 227,000 acres. These holdings included 
113,000 acres in Rancho Simi; 26,600, Las Posas; 
48,000, San Francisco; 10,000, Callegnas; 45,000. 
El Rio de Santa Clara o la Colonia; 6600 in the 
Canada Clara, and 16,000 in the Ojai. 

"At that time there were not more than a 
dozen Americans in the entire region. It was not 
long, however, until squatters began to swarm over 
a part of Scott's land. In the description of the 
old Rancho la Colonia one line ran from a certaiD 
monument to a point on the Santa Barbara chan- 
nel shore between two esteros. Lagoons were nu- 
merous along that shore, and it was easy for a de- 
signing and unscrupulous person to raise a doubt 
in regard to the two esteros between which the 
rancho line ran. A Sacramento lawyer asserted 
that the line ran to a point near where the Hue- 
neme lighthouse now stands. This was in direct 
conflict with Scott's claim, and would have de- 
prived him of about 17,000 acres of as rich, level 
land as was to be found along the coast. 

"The lawyers sat on the squatters, who at once 
began to drop down on the 17,000 acres. Scott in- 
sisted on his claim and Bard was on the ground to 
defend his rights and to drive the squatters off. 
The settlers talked 'shoot' and 'hang,' but Bard 
kept after them. At the outset he had a survey 
made by the United States Surveyor General, and, 
as the line fitted the Scott claim, he was unyield- 
ing in enforcing it. 

"The conflict lasted for years with varying for- 
tunes. The settlers stole a march on Scott by ob- 
taining a decision in their favor from the Land 

Office at Washington, but Scott succeeded in hav- 
ing it reversed, and it has remained reversed to 
this day. When Grover Cleveland became Presi- 
dent the squatters made their last attempt to get 
the Colonia lands, but Attorney General Garland 
upheld the old Scott line and that was the end 
of it. 

"During all these years Bard was on the firing 
line. He had desperate men to deal with, but lie 
never flinched. He kept the courts of the county 
busy dealing with the cases of the squatters. After 
he had won he dealt so generously with the men 
who had been his oitter enemies that they became 
his friends. 

"While Mr. Bard was Colonel Scott's agent he 
had some thrilling experiences. The California 
Petroleum Company was organized to develop the 
oil on Scott's holdings. Well No. 1 was put down 
on the Ojai country, and there Bard made his home 
when he first went to Southern California. One 
night in 1S74, he was the victim of an attempted 
"hold-up" while driving to No. 1 on the Ojai with 
a large sum of money in his possession. He had 
forgotten his pistol, but the landlord at the hotel 
where he received the money loaned him an old 
derringer with which to defend himself in case of 
attack. He was driving four-in-hand. It was not 
an easy thing to hold up four bronchos on the run, 
but on an up-grade a man got in front of the lead- 
ers, while another came to the forward wheels de- 
manding Bard's money. Bard blazed away with 
the ancient derringer, missing the man, but hurt- 
ing himself with the old weapon, the handle of 
which burst in his hand. Trightened by the ex- 
plosion the leaders dashed forward and Uard was 
out of reach of the highwaymen. 

"Desperadoes among the squatters on the Scott 
lands and other bad men plotted to take Mr. Bard's 
life on a number of occasions, but these plots al- 
ways failed. These antagonisms have passed away, 
and now he is held in the highest esteem by all 
classes in Southern California for what he lias 
achieved for the development of his section of the 

In the days when Senator Bard started for Cali- 
fornia the transportation problem was little better 
than during the rush of '49, and he made the trip 
by steamer, then via the Isthmus of Panama over- 
land. Ventura County, in which he makes his 
home, and wherein his activities have lain princi- 
pally since his arrival, was a part of Santa Bar- 
bara. His important responsibility as master of 
the Scott holdings at once made him ilie leading 
business man of the section, but despite the cares 
of that office and the attendant difficulties and liti- 
gation, he early took an active part iu politics. 

Reaching Ventura in 1865, he was elected two 
years later to the Board of County Supervisors, and 
served until 1871. In 1872 he was one of the Com- 
missioners who organized Ventura County and 
started the government going. Five years later he 



ran for State Senator on the Republican ticket in 
the district made up of Ventura, Santa Barbara 
and San Luis Obispo counties. He carried the first 
two, but was defeated by Patrick Murphy, of the 
last named county, by a slight margin. In 1884 he 
was a delegate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion which nominated Blaine for President, and in 
1S92 he was elected a Presidential elector, the only 
Republican to win in a Democratic landslide. In 
this contest he received more votes than the three 
lowest of the Democratic candidates combined. 

The Democratic California Legislature becom- 
ing deadlocked, in 1899, over the choice of a United 
States Senator, Mr. Bard was proposed by Dr. 
Howell for the office in January, 1899, as the man 
"who would be free from all corporation entangle- 
ment, and on whose character there could be no 
stain." He received two votes at that time, but 
in February, 1900, after the deadlock had existed 
for more than a year, he was elected at a special 
session of the Legislature over Colonel Daniel 
Burns, taking his seat untrammeled by promises to 
any man or body of men. 

Senator Bard served his State until March 4, 
1905, and during his tenure in office was conspicu- 
ous in numerous important legislative campaigns. 
His most notable works, however, were his effort 
in behalf of the amendment of the Hay-Pauncefote 
treaty; his opposition to Cuban reciprocity and the 
defeat of the Statehood bill intended to join Ari- 
zona and New Mexico as one State. He stood at 
all times for the autonomy of Arizona and the sub- 
sequent admission of the two Territories as sep- 
arate States has vindicated his position. He made 
several powerful speeches on Cuban reciprocity and 
the Statehood question, and was in the thick of 
the battle over both questions. He also contributed 
to the defeat of the effort to grant public funds to 
Catholic and other sectarian Indian schools. This 
latter, it is believed, contributed more than any 
other one thing to his defeat for re-election. 

His candidacy for re-election, however, was 
proposed by political friends and others, irrespec- 
tive of politics, and not by himself During that 
contest he said: "My attitude is, in effect, a pro- 
test against the power of the machine in the State, 
and if that power is to be continued, free and in- 
dependent representation in Congress is an im- 

During his service in the Senate, Senator Bard 
was Chairman of the Committee on Irrigation, 
which had to do with enormous problems for the 
reclamation of the arid wastes of the West, and in 
this capacity performed remarkable wort tor the 
progress and upbuilding of his section. 

He was at one time a member of the Executive 
Committee of the Llncoln-Roosevell League, with 
the understanding that his membership was to 
cease after the campaign, as he was not In favor 
of many of the principles of the League, being 
especially opposed to the direct el,., r ion of United 
States Senators by popular vote and the initiative. 

referendum and recall He was able, however, to 

assist the League in its campaign to -kick the 

Southern Pacific Railroad out of the Republican 
party in California " 

Senator Bard is a conservative Republican, but 
at the same time a believer in modern develop- 
ment of the country's resources. He does not be- 
lieve in saloons or too much legislation which 
would hamper the growth of the nation, and advo- 
cated the Anti-Saloon League of California, though 
his views differ from those of the Prohibition party 
in that he prefers the local option solution. 

Senator Bard has been one of the most success- 
ful business men in America, and has extensive 
landed interests in Ventura and other counties. His 
activities extend through various lines of enter- 
prise, including oil, banking, development, coloni- 
zation, sugar and manufactures. He is President 
of the following corporations: Berylwood Invest- 
ment Company, Bank of Hueneme, Quimichis Col- 
ony, Compania Hacienda de Quimichis, Las Posas 
Water Company, and is a director in the Graham 
and Loftus Oil Company, Sacramento Valley Sugar 
Company, and the Potter Hotel Company. 

He was also the first President of the Union Oil 
Company of California, in 1890; built at Hueneme, 
in 1871, the first wharf constructed in any open 
roadstead south of Santa Cruz, and in 1874 con- 
tracted for the building of the first wharf erected 
at Santa Monica, California. 

Senator Bard served, by appointment of Gover- 
nor Gillett, as Regent of the University of Califor- 
nia, and has been a conspicuous figure in educa- 
tional advancement in the Golden State. He is a 
noted floriculturist, and at his home in Hueneme, 
called "Berylwood." after his eldest daughter, he 
indulges his taste for gardening. He developed two 
new roses, one called "Beauty of Berylwood" and 
the other "Dr. Bard," after his brother. Dr. Cephas 
Little Bard, a man who in life presented one of the 
noblest characters his fellows ever came in contact 
with. He had served as a surgeon in the Civil War, 
and later settled at Buenaventura, California. 
where, for many years, he was a real ministering 
angel to his people. He cared for the sick of the 
district regardless of their position, and oftentimes, 
at risk of his own life in swollen stream or on 
dangerous mountain trail, he went forth In the 
night to care for his suffering neighbors. 

The two brothers, several years ago built and 
endowed the beautiful Elizabeth Hard Menu rial 
Hospital, erected in memory of their mother at 
Buenaventura, and there, in 1902, the doctor, who 
was its first patient, died shortly after the comple- 
tion of the building. 

With his brother. Senator Bard founded the 
Pioneer Society of Ventura County, and Is todaj Its 
President. He is also a prominent men, her ,,i (.he 
P. and A M . Scotch-Irish Society of Pennsylvania, 
Union League of San Francisco, and the California 
Club of I. os Angeles. 

The home life of Senator Bard, with his family 
around him and his beautiful home for a Betting, Is 
described as Ideal. He is a man of Sne i \r> 
large frame, magnetic personally and innate hon- 
estj that prevented him from spending, as the 

price nt a political honor, even a I 



BARD, CEPHAS LITTLE, Physician and Sur- 
geon, San Buenaventura, California, was 
born at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, April 
7, 1S43, the son of Robert McFarland Bard 
and Elizabeth S. (Little) Bard. He was married 
October 25, 1871, to Clara Winter Gerberding, 
daughter of Christian Otto and Mary J. (Hempson) 
Gerberding. He died April 20, 1902, and she fol- 
lowed him, January 12, 1905. They were the par- 
ents of two children, Mary Blanche Bard, now a 
resident of Chambersburg, and Albert Marius Bard, 
who died in Brussels, Belgium, in 1905. 

The Bard family, splendidly represented by 
Doctor Bard and his elder brother, former United 
States Senator Thomas R. Bard of California, is 
one o£ the oldest and most picturesque in America; 
but prior to its advent in the New World, in fact, 
several centuries before the discovery of America, 
the house of Bard was conspicuous in the his- 
tory of several of the old countries. While, like 
many of these families of indistinct origin, 
its beginnings are misty, careful research seems 
to fix the first root of the family in Italy, during 
the latter part of the twelfth century. There are 
of record at this time several members of the 
family, whose head was Ugone de Barde. Follow- 
ing his death his two sons become engaged in 
fratricidal war, were re-united and finally, after 
years of turbulent warfare against others, deserted 
their castles and left the Valley of Aosta. 

It is generally believed they fled to Scotland, 
where they later became noted warriors, and one 
of them is mentioned as having signed the safe 
conduct for William the Lion, granted by Richard 
of the Lion Heart in the year 1194. They figure 
frequently in the records of the Wars in England 
and Scotland. There were various branches of 
the Bard family in the Old Country and their 
identification has been difficult to trace. 

The original ancestor in America was Archi- 
bald Bard, who settled, prior to 1740, on "Carroll's 
Delight," near Fairfield in York (now Adams) 
County, Pennsylvania. Of his son, Richard Bard, 
the great-great-grandfather of Dr. Bard, there is 
an accurate and thrilling history. He learned the 
trade of miller in his father's mill, probably the 
first in that section, and after marriage made his 
home at the base of Sugar Loaf Mountain. The 
country was at that time, following Braddock's de- 
feat, infested with Indians, and massacres by the 
savages were numerous in the region, but the 
Bards lived safely until April 13, 1758, when nine- 
teen Redskins of the vicious Delaware Tribe at- 
tacked their home on "Carroll's Delight." At the 
time there were in the house Mr. Bard, his wife and 
seven-months-old boy; his cousin, a little girl and 
a bound boy. The men beat off the Indians in a 
hand-to-hand struggle, but, realizing that they were 
greatly out-numbered, surrendered after a time 

upon promise of the Indians thai none would be 

The party of six captives, together with two 
field hands, were bound by the Indians and started 
toward the latters' camp, several hundred miles 
away. They had not gone far when the Delawares 
broke their pledge and killed Thomas Potter, a 
relative of Richard Bard. Later they killed Mrs. 
Bard's infant son, and in time killed various others 
of the party. They practiced the most fiendish 
kind of cruelties upon the survivors, who were 
dragged more than forty miles the first day. 
Richard Bard told of their sufferings in a poem 
which he wrote later. 

About the second day out he aggravated the 
anger of his Indian guard and was terribly beaten 
with a gun, then forced, in his crippled condition, to 
pack a tremendous load of supplies. Finally, on 
the night of the fourth day of their captivity, Mr. 
Bard was sent by one of the Indians to get a pail 
of water. He never returned, and, by hiding in a 
hollow log, escaped the searching Indians who 
hunted him for two days. He then began to make 
his way back to civilization to get help for the 
rescue of his wife and friends. But it was nine 
days before he reached Fort Lyttleton, after near- 
ly perishing on the way. He was starving, almost 
naked, his shoes were gone, his feet were torn 
and poisoned and for a time his life was despaired 
of. He recovered, however, and then set about 
rescuing his wife. He went to various parts of 
the country looking for the Delawares, but it was 
not until two years and five months that he was 
able to effect her rescue by ransom. In the mean- 
time she had undergone almost indescribable hard- 
ship, had been beaten by the Indian squaws on 
various occasions and had only been saved from 
death by being assigned as a substitute for the 
dead sister of two warriors, to take care of their 

Following the release of his wife, Richard Bard 
purchased a plantation near Mercersburg, Penn., 
and later became one of the leading citizens of 
his section. He fought in various subsequent 
Indian battles, and in the Revolutionary War served 
under several commanders in the campaigns 
around Philadelphia. He later served as Justice 
of the Peace and as a member of the Pennsylvania 
Convention of 1787, to which the Federal Consti- 
tution was submitted. He was an anti-Federalist 
and in the Harrisburg Convention of 177S fought 
so hard against ratification of the Constitution 
that he practically obliterated himself politically. 
One of his sons, Thomas Bard, the grandfather of 
Dr. Bard, served as a Captain in the War of 1812. 

Dr. Bard's father, Robert McFarland Bard, up- 
held the traditions of the family and attained a 
commanding position at the bar, and a reputation 
throughout the State of Pennsylvania as a lawyer 
of great ability. He was a Whig in politics, but 
only on one occasion permitted himself to be put 



up as a candidate for office. He had served for 
many years on the Chambersburg School Board, 
and also served as Chief Burgess of the Borough. 
In 1S50 he was nominated for Congress on the Whig 
ticket, but was defeated by a former law partner, 
James X. McLanahan. He survived until 1851. 

Dr. Cephas L. Bard, who bore the distinction 
of being the first American physician holding a 
diploma to settle in Ventura County, California, 
inherited his taste for the medical profession from 
his maternal grandfather, Dr. P. W. Little. The 
latter was a student under Dr. Benjamin Rush, 
signer of the Declaration of Independence, and 
was a prominent physician of Mercersburg, Penn- 
sylvania, in the early part of the nineteenth cen- 
tury. He had two sons who were physicians, Dr. 
Robert Parker Little, a practitioner of Columbus, 
Ohio, and Dr. B. Rush Little, who held the post 
of Professor of Obstetrics in the Keokuk, Iowa, 
Medical College at the time of his death. Dr. P. 
\V. Little's wife, Mary Parker, was the daughter 
of Col. Robert Parker, a distinguished officer of 
the Revolutionary War, and her sister was mar- 
ried to General Andrew Porter, one of their chil- 
dren being David Rittenhouse Porter, Governor of 
Pennsylvania. He was the father of General Horace 
Porter, late American Ambassador to France. 

Dr. Bard received his classical education at 
Chambersburg Academy, but from early boyhood 
he had made up his mind to adopt the medical 
profession and he had hardly graduated when lie 
entered the office of Dr. A. H. Senseny, a cele- 
brated physician of Pennsylvania, to prepare for 
his future career. When he had just got fairly 
started in his work, news was received of McClel- 
lan's reverses at the hands of the Confederates 
and the embryo doctor decided to leave his studies 
and enlist in the Union Army. Although he was 
only slightly past his nineteenth birthday, he be- 
came a member, on August 11, 1S62, of Company 
A, One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Regiment. Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, and was sent to the front im- 
mediately. He participated with his regiment in 
the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, 
Antietam and the second battle of Bull Run. 

The doctor was mustered out with his regiment 
on May 20, 1863, and immediately resumed his 
medical studies. He attended Jefferson Medical 
College at Philadelphia and was graduated in 1864 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 

The war was at its height about that time and 
instead of going into private practice, Dr. Bard 
took examination and was appointed an Assistant 
Surgeon in the Army. He was assigned to the 
Two Hundred and Tenth Regiment of Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers and again went into action. His 
regiment figured in numerous engagements of more 
or less importance and I <r. Hard served until the 
surrender of General Lee at Appomattox. He then 
returned to his borne in Chambersburg and prac- 
ticed his profession there until 1S68. 

In the latter year he moved to California, 
whither his elder brother, Senator Bard, had pre- 
ceded him, and settled at San Buenaventura, where 
he was one of the pioneers. As stated before, he 
was the first graduate physician to locate in that 
section, and, except for a few brief intervals, spent 
in post-graduate study in Eastern medical colleges, 
remained their until his death. 

The career of Dr. Bard from the time he set- 
tled in California was at once a record of brilliant 
professional achievements and a splendid charac- 
ter lesson. He was not only a minister to the sick, 
but a zealous and intelligent laborer for the general 
development of the community. 

At the first county election in Ventura, Dr. 
Bard was nominated for the office of Coroner on 
both tickets then in the field and was unanimously 
elected. With characteristic self-denial, he de- 
voted himself to the interests of the public and was 
kept in office continuously for twenty years. 
Added to the duties of Coroner were those of 
Health Officer, and Dr. Bard, a progressive thinker, 
inaugurated many regulations which served to 
keep the general public health up to a high 

Dr. Bard also served on various occasions as 
a member of the Board of Pension Examiners. 

Aside from his official duties, Dr. Bard main- 
tained a large private practice and into this took 
the splendid traits of character which made him 
beloved by his fellows. A writer, summarizing the 
work of Dr. Bard and his influence in the com- 
munity he served, declares: 

"He became an integral part of the county — a 
fixed figure in its social and civic life. With him 
the hardships that befall a country physician with 
a large practice had no power to draw him to a 
large city, where the routine of his professional 
life would be easier and the emoluments greater. 
He found his reward in the gratitude, love and 
esteem that the people he served so unselfishly, 
bestowed upon him. It was a common occurrence 
with him to risk his life in the roaring Santa Clara 
when the summons came to him from a patient 
on a winter night. 'Oh, I have to do it,' was his 
own comment on his unselfish devotion to duty. 
He always felt the keenest satisfaction in the 
success of his professional efforts. For more than 
thirty years there was no public highway in Ven- 
tura County so long, or mountain trail so distant, 
that it was not traversed by him again and again 
on his errands of mercy. He knew nearly everj 
man. women and child in the county; knew their 
names, their dispositions, their ailments and their 
limitations. The tenacity of his memory was as 
marvelous as the accuracy of his knowledge. Hi< 
quick intuitions made him a leader ,,i men as well 
as a skillful and unerring physician 

One of the greatest personal satisfactions of 
In- Bard was his establishment, in association with 
his brother, the Senator, of a modern hospital at 
Ventura. California, This institution, name,! the 
Elizabeth Hard .Memorial Hospital, in memory of 

their mother, is complete In every particular and 

represents the realization of a life- long ambition 
entertained by Dr. Bard. Had it not been for the 



multitude of other duties, it is very probable that 
the hospital would have been built many years 
sooner, because the doctor had long planned such 
a building, and had even gone so far as to work 
out the details of the building, its arrangements 
and fittings. Finally he was able to start work 
on the structure and devoted a great deal of time 
to its erection. It was completed in 1902, the year 
of Dr. Bard's death, and he entered it in his last 
illness as the first patient. He passed away with- 
in the walls of the institution and his death there 
identified it more closely with his life. It is gen- 
erally regarded as a monument to his own career, 
and after his death the Ventura Society of Pio- 
neers, of which he was the virtual founder, unveiled 
a bust of him, which is today one of the features 
of the hospital. 

Practically every minute of the day was filled 
with some duty for Dr. Bard, but in addition to his 
numerous responsibilities he found time to take an 
active part in the affairs of his profession, also to 
contribute to its literature. He served as Presi- 
dent of the Medical Society of the State of Cali- 
fornia, and also of the Ventura County Medical 
Society. He was greatly interested in the youth 
of the country and an advocate of advanced edu- 
cational methods. During his tenure of more than 
ten years as President of the Ventura City School 
Board he was especially active and watchful of 
the children and inaugurated numerous reforms 
looking to the mental and physical betterments 
of his wards. 

As President of the Ventura County Society of 
Pioneers Dr. Bard devoted himself to its work 
with the same unselfish zeal displayed in his 
other spheres of activity and to him is given 
credit for the success of the organization. 

Patriotism was one of the chief characteristics 
of Dr. Bard and, as a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, he was a worker at all times for 
the perpetuation of the traditions and memories 
represented by the organization. 

His fathers before him having been members 
of the Presbyterian Church, Dr. Bard abided by 
the teachings of that faith all his life. 

The doctor, in addition to the organization al- 
ready named, also was a member of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion, prominent in Masonic 
circles and a Knight Templar. His death was 
mourned by a wide circle of friends and admirers, 
and the medical societies and other bodies which 
he had served during life honored his memory by 
the adoption of resolutions which showed their 
appreciation of his qualities ana attested to the 
esteem in which he was held. 

His funeral was one of the most notable in the 
history of Ventura County, remarkable for the 
fact that people in all walks of life, from all sec- 
tions of the country, gathered to pay tribute to his 
memory. The "Southern California Practitioner," 
the official medical publication of that section, and 

to which Dr. Bard had been a frequent contributor, 
contained in its issue of May, 1902, the following: 

"His death was a source of grief throughout 
Southern California, but especially in Ventura, 
which had for so many years been his home. 

"There was a great outpouring of the people 
of that county, and thousands took advantage of 
the opportunity of seeing their dear friend's fea- 
tures for the last time. On the march from the 
residence to the railroad station there was led be- 
hind the hearse the gray horse of the doctor, a 
noble animal that had shared many of his kind 
master's hardships, and was almost as well known 
as he. There was no driver in the seat, and as 
men saw the significance of this fact they broke 
down and wept. Over five thousand people gath- 
ered at the station and waited until the last sign 
of the train disappeared in the distance, bearing 
the body away towards Los Angeles, where it was 
finally cremated. 

"Besides being a great physician and an able 
surgeon, Dr. Bard was a most delightful writer, 
and his articles, which appeared from time to time 
in the 'Southern California Practitioner,' have all 
been eagerly read by the medical profession." 

The Ventura County Medical Society, of which 
Dr. Bard was a charter member and life-long sup- 
porter, passed the following resolutions following 
the death of its distinguished member: 

"WHEREAS, the members of the medical fra- 
ternity of Ventura County deeply deplore the death 
of their colleague, Dr. C. L. Bard, when at the 
height of his activities for the profession and 

"BE IT RESOLVED, that we publicly express 
our sympathy for the bereaved relatives, and our 
respect for the man who was known by us for 
so long. 

"Dr. Bard was the first American physician to 
locate in Ventura County, and during his many 
years of hard labor was ever ready to bring to 
the service of the sick, and the profession, a per- 
sonality rich in qualities acquired through long 
years by an honest, fearless and pure soul. 

"His friends were very numerous, and he was 
ever prompted by a kind heart and generous 
thought to aid or counsel whenever there was need. 
His professional ambitions he never allowed to be 
dimmed by weariness or age, and he was a student 
to the very last days of his useful life. 

"This pioneer doctor, this rugged, brainy, gen- 
tlemanly man has gone from among us, but his 
personality is a part of each one of us. 

"Of him it cannot be said that he was not with- 
out honor save in his own country." 

The committee which drafted this resolution 
was made up of three of the leading members of 
the medical profession of Southern California and 
they expressed, in dignified language, the feelings 
of the rest of the community. 

Resolutions similar to these were passed by 
the other organizations of which Dr. Bard was a 
member, these including the Southern California 
Medical Society, the Medical Society of the State 
of California, Ventura County Pioneer Society, the 
Grand Army of the Republic and others. 



Counselor and Banker, Los Angeles, 
California, was born near Asheville, 
North Carolina, September 29, 1846. 
He is descended of an old Scott-Irish Southern 
family, being the son of James G. Black- 
stock, M. D., and Elizabeth Ann (Ball) Black- 
stock. He married Abbie Smith at Ne w- 
port, Tennessee, September 25, 1868, and to 
them were born ten children, eight of whom 
are now living. 

Mr. Blackstock received 
his education in private 
schools of his native State 
prior to the Civil War and 
at the conclusion of that 
struggle, in which he 
served the Confederacy, stud- 
ied under a private tutor. 
This was during the years 
1865-68, and, in addition to a 
general literary course, read 
for the law. 

Upon the completion of 
his own education he fol- 
lowed the vocation of a 
schoolmaster, teaching a 
country school near Newport, 
Tennessee, during the sea- 
sons of 1868 and 1869. In the 
latter year he was admitted 
to the Bar of Tennessee and 
to the Bar of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, 
and in 1870 moved to War- 
rensburg, Missouri. There 
he had a warm friend in 
General Francis M. Cockrell, 
afterwards United States 

Senator and member of the Isthmian Canal Board, 
and it was upon the motion of this famous Mis- 
sourian that Mr. Blackstock was admitted to the 
Bar of that State. 

Mr. Blackstock practiced in the State and Fed- 
eral Courts of Missouri for three and a half years, 
and in 1875 moved to Los Angeles, and he has made 
his home there and in Ventura ever since. He re- 
mained in the city only a brief time at first and 
then moved to Ventura County, California, shortly 
after the organization of that county. He prac- 
ticed law successfully in Ventura for about thirty 
years, and there, in 1897, Mr. Blackstock was elect- 
ed State Railroad Commissioner and served four 
years. His administration was one of the most im- 
portant in the history of the commission, that body 
having to deal with various important policies, in- 
cluding the fixing of passenger, freight and oil rates 
on 111'' railroads of the State. These measures 
were the subject of extensive litigation, but ulti- 
mately were upheld and form the basis of numer- 
ous latter-day reforms in the transportation 

methods and charges prevailing in California. 
Governor Pardee, in the year 1905, chose Mr. 
Blackstock for the office of State Banking Com- 
missioner, to fill the unexpired term of Guy B. 
Barham, and he at that time changed his resi- 
dence from Ventura to Los Angeles. So satisfac- 
torily did he discharge the duties of the office, he 
was reappointed for the full term of four years. 
He held the office for about two and a half years 
more, resigning to enter the banking business. 

He became associated 
with the Merchants' Bank 
and Trust Company of Los 
Angeles as Vice President 
and Trust Officer and served 
as such until April 1. 1910, 
when he resigned as Trust 
Officer. He still remains a 
Director and Vice President. 
In the early part of 1911 
Mr. Blackstock organized the 
International Indemnity Com- 
pany, an indemnity, bonding 
and burglary insurance com- 
pany, which has its head- 
quarters in Los Angeles. He 
holds the office of President 
and Chief Counsel of the 
company and continues a 
general legal practice. 

Mr. Blackstock's military 
career was quite as brilliant 
as has been his later work in 
the realms of law and fi- 
nance. At the outbreak of 
the Civil War he enlisted in 
the Twenty-Sixth North Caro- 
lina Cavalry, and before it 
went into active service he 
transferred to the First South Carolina Regular Ar- 
tillery and served with that regiment until the close 
of the war. He was with his command in all of its 
battles, these including numerous engagements in 
the vicinity of Charleston. He surrendered with 
Johnson's army at Greensboro, N. C, and marched 
home, two hundred miles, on foot, but immediately 
joined a company of rangers, remnants of his old 
regiment, under command of Lieutenant Simpson. 
They started overland to join E. Kirby Smith in 
Louisiana, intending, with a large force of ex-Con- 
federates, to tender their services t<> Maximilian in 
Mexico, but before reaching Louisiana news came of 
the surrender of General Smith and his forces; also 
receiving unfavorable news from Mexico, thi 
pany was disbanded and he returned home to Co- 
lumbus, N. C. Soon afterward he crossed into 
Tennessee, where he began the study of law. 
Mr. Blackstock is a Republican in politic! He 

is a prominent Mason, a member oi the I. us Angeles 

Bar Association, and .>i the National Geographical 
S t; His principal club is the Union League. 







GOODRICH, BEN, Attorney at Law, Los 
Angeles, California, was born on a farm 
near Anderson. Grimes County, Texas, Sep- 
tember 23, 1839, the son of Benjamin Briggs 
Goodrich and Serena (Caruthers) Goodrich. He is 
descended from a notable Texas family, his father 
having been one of the signers of the Texas Dec- 
laration of Independence and a member of the 
Constitutional Convention which formed the Repub- 
lic of Texas. He later served as a member of Con- 
gress of the Republic of Texas. 

Mr. Goodrich married Mary F. Terrell in Grimes 
County, Texas. May 17. 1S65, and to them there 
were born three daughters, Mary (wife of W. C. 
Read), Sarah (wife of Judge J. A. Street, of Salt 
Lake City), and Cora (Mrs. Robt. D. Clarke, of 
Peoria, 111.) 

Mr. Goodrich received his early education in 
private schools of his section, later attending St. 
Paul's Episcopal College, at Anderson, and Austin 
College, at Huntsville, Texas. In 1861, however, 
at the outbreak of the Civil War he left his studies 
and enlisted in the Confederate Army, as a private 
in Company G. Fourth Texas Regiment, serving 
under General John B. Hood. Later he commanded 
Company D, Eighth Infantry, serving as First Lieu- 
tenant and Commander of the Company under 
General Dick Taylor, during the greater part of 
the War. 

In the battles against General Banks, conduct- 
ing the Red River Campaign, Lieutenant Goodrich 
and about 800 other Confederates were taken pris- 
oners by Banks' forces at Pleasant Hill, La., and 
were held in captivity eleven days, when they were 
set free because of the inability of Banks to get 
his gunboats and transports down the river. Lieu- 
tenant Goodricli continued to fight for the Confed- 
erate cause throughout the South and was one of 
the last men to lay down arms. 

Returning to his home in June, 1865, Mr. Good- 
rich began the study of law under Judge John R. 
Kennard of Anderson, and after his admis- 
sion to practice was in partnership with Judge 
Kennard for two years. He next formed a partner- 
ship with Major H. H. Boone, subsequently Attor- 
ney General of Texas. In 1S77 this partnership 
was dissolved, Mr. Goodrich moving to Sherman, 
Texas, where for the next three years he was In 
association with W. C. Brack. 

In ISSo, Mr. Goodrich moved to Arizona, and 
there began a career which placed him, in time, 
among the leaders of his profession and made him 
one oi the most important men in public life He 
practiced at Tucson lor a year, but moved to Tomb- 
stone when Pima County was divided and Cochise 
County formed from part of it. 

n<- began practice at once, in partnership with 
Honorable Marcus A. Smith, eight times Territorial 
Delegate to Congress from Arizona and later 
United States Senator from Arizona. Within a 

short time Mr. Goodrich was one of the active 
factors in the politics of Tombstone and Cochise 
County. In association with Mr. Smith, he figured 
in numerous State and local campaigns and through 
their leadership the Democratic party was carried 
to victory on many occasions. 

In 1883, Mr. Goodrich was elected Treasurer of 
Cochise County and held office for two years. 
After a short period in private practice he was 
elected, in 1887, to the office of District Attorney. 
During this period he also served as a member 
of the Code Commission for the revision of the 
laws of Arizona. 

Leaving Tombstone in the latter part of 1888, 
Mr. Goodrich went to Phoenix, where he formed a 
partnership with Judge Webster Street, afterwards 
a member of the Arizona Supreme Court, and re- 
mained with him until 1S90, going at that time to 
San Diego, California. He was in partnership there 
with Hunsaker & Britt for two years and with 
Mr. Hunsaker upon their removal to Los Angeles, 
in 1S92. Subsequently he formed a partnership 
with A. B. McCutcheon, which lasted five years. 

Mr. Goodrich is known as one of the leading 
mining lawyers of the Southwest and for many 
years acted as counsel for several of the largest 
copper corporations in that section. In 1902, he 
returned to Tombstone to attend to the legal busi- 
ness of the Tombstone Consolidated Mines Com- 
pany and the Imperial Copper Company, and re- 
mained there for nine years. During this time 
he again took a prominent part in politics and in 
1907 served as a member of the Territorial Coun- 
cil, or Senate of Arizona. He had the distinction 
of introducing in that session of the Legislature 
the first bill ever offered in Arizona providing for 
woman suffrage. 

This measure failed of adoption at that time, 
but the question continued a political issue until 
it finally was adopted by popular vote at the gen- 
eral election, November 5, 1912. 

Mr. Goodrich was one of the most highly es- 
teemed public men in Arizona, and it has been said 
that his removal to Los Angeles, in 1911, pre- 
vented him from being chosen first Governor of 
the State of Arizona. 

Since locating in Los Angeles Mr. Goodrich 
has maintained an extensive law practice, devoting 
himself largely to mining, corporation and pro- 
bate practice. Among other notable cases, he had 
charge of the estate of the late Colonel W. c 
Greene of Cananea copper fame. 

Colonel Greene died leaving a large estate, but 
owing to the magnitude of his operations the 
property was greatly entangled and upon Mr. Good- 
rich tell the part Of the legal work connected with 
the settling of the estate, which is still in process 
of administration. 

Mr G Irich has no fraternal affiliations ex- 
cept the Masons, of which he has been a membi r 
for many years. 



DURYEA, EDWIN, JR., Engineering (firm 
of Duryea, Haehl & Oilman), San Fran- 
cisco, California, was born in Craigville, 
Orange County, New York, July 12, 1862. 
the son of Edwin Duryea and Hannah (Rum- 
sey) Duryea. His first paternal ancestor to reach 
this country, in 1675, was of Huguenot origin, 
while the Rumseys were English residents of 
the Isle of Guernsey. Mr. Duryea married Miss 
Roberta Vincent Taylor, in December, 1888, at 
Ithaca, New York, and five 
children have been born of 
the union, Robert, Margaret, 
Anne, Philip and Helen Dur- 

Mr. Duryea had his first 
schooling in Craigville, in 
the district school, from 
1S66 to 1876. He was grad- 
uated in 1879 from the Ches- 
ter Academy, and from Cor- 
nell University with the 
class of '83 and the degree 
of B. C. E. Soon there- 
after he started, and from 
1883 to 1SS5 was employed 
by the Northern Pacific Rail- 
road, first as townsite and 
special surveyor, and later 
on the construction of a 
large bridge at Duluth, Min- 
nesota. The following year, 
while engaged on a bridge 
to span the Mississippi 
River, near Burlington, Iowa, 
he rose from the position of 
transit man to the superin- 
tendency of the work. The 
next few years found him on 
the construction of costly bridges crossing the 
Missouri, Mississippi and the Ohio rivers, and in- 
volving difficult problems of foundation work, as 
well as "river control" and "day's labor" under 
the engineer's direction. 

In 1889 he shifted the scene of his operations to 
Kansas and Michigan, on railroad surveys and con- 
struction, and until 1891 was engineer of bridges 
and building for one thousand miles of railroad sys- 
tem in the latter State. His next move along the 
curve was to what his profession deems the impor- 
tant post of contractor's engineer, or superinten- 
dent. In this capacity he made surveys and de- 
signs for two large stockyards near Chicago, in- 
cluding plans of sewerage, water supply, harbors, 
etc., and subsequently was associated with the 
same firm on the change of the horse car line on 
Third avenue, New York City, to a cable system. 
Toward the close of this period, 1891-1895, he was 
contractor's engineer for a $1,000,000 dam for the 
same city, and contractor's superintendent for 
other dams for the water supply of New York, in 


which work he had charge of at least 400 men. 

From 1895 to 1900 Mr. Duryea was resident en- 
gineer at times on the Brooklyn end of the Wil- 
liamsburg suspension bridge over the East River, 
between New York and Brooklyn, and during the 
latter part of this period acted as assistant engineer 
on plans and estimates for a proposed bridge over 
the Hudson River at New York City. Among his 
notable achievements while in private practice 
may be mentioned his plans for foundation of Har- 
lem bridge, designs for rapid 
transit tunnel under Harlem 
River, and report to District 
Attorney on safety of New 
York and Brooklyn suspen- 
sion bridge and on responsi- 
bility for neglect involved. 

In December, 1902, Mr. 
Duryea came to California as 
chief engineer for the Bay 
Cities Water Co., and has 
since been associated with 
this corporation and with its 
allied interests. In this con- 
nection his work has been 
largely in the field of water 
supply and power transmis- 
sion; and his plans for the 
Santa Clara County water 
supply, his expert duties as 
engineer for San Francisco 
in the water rate suit with 
the Spring Valley Company, 
and his testimony for the 
New Liverpool Salt Com- 
pany in their famous suit for 
damages against the Canal 
Company of the Imperial 
Valley, wherein the judg- 
ment depended chiefly upon the engineer's opin- 
ion, and has since been affirmed by the Court of 
Appeals in favor of the plaintiff, are among the 
many factors contributing to the reputation which 
he brought to this coast. 

After the first fire of 1906 Mr. Duryea was a 
member of the "Committee of Forty" to advise 
on the rehabilitation of San Francisco. He was 
also chairman of the sub-committee on water sup- 
ply, and general chairman of the committee formed 
to report on the damage to structures. 

His latest big appointment is that of engineer 
in charge of the South San Joaquin Irrigation 

Among his civic and social connections may 
be mentioned his four years' trusteeship of Palo 
Alto and his membership in the American Society 
of Civil Engineers, the Brooklyn Engineers' Club 
of the Cornell Association of Civil Engineers of 
New York. 

Mr. Duryea is a thirty-second degree Mason, 
Scottish Rite. 



sulting Agriculturist, San Francisco and 
Los Angeles, was born in Munich, Bavaria, 
Germany, February 12, 1S68. His father 
was Leopold Winterhalter, M. D., and his mother 
Minna (Fischborn) Winterhalter. He came to 
America in 1893 and was married to Nellie Hum- 
phreys in San Francisco, October 19, 1898. They 
have one child, Eleanore Gwendolyn, born in San 
Francisco. Mr. Winterhalter comes from an old 

family of physicians, dating 

back to 1721. His ancestors 
were mostly court physicians 
to the Grand Dukes and 
Kings of Bavaria up to 1S50, 
and also numbered among 
them were painters of repu- 
tation, soldiers and mer- 

Mr. Winterhalter was ed- 
ucated in Munich and Traun- 
stein, graduating from the 
Real Gymnasium in 1885; 
then went for ten months 
to Chateau de Gorchevaux, 
near Morat, Switzerland, to 
perfect himself in the French 

He then went as appren- 
tice for one year to Han- 
over on a large Rittergut 
near Wunstorf, in order to 
become acquainted w i t h 
practical agriculture, before 
entering the Agricultural 
Academy Weihenstephan, 
near Munich, Bavaria, from 
which he was graduated 
with highest honors in 1889. 
He then accepted a position as agricultural man- 
ager of a large domain at Remstaedt, near Gotha, 
Thueringen, Germany, which position he held until 
October, 1901. In order to broaden his knowledge 
in agriculture and forestry he accepted a position 
as field superintendent and assistant forester at 
the Royal Domain, Sarvar, Hungary. 

In May, 1S93, he came to the United States on 
a leave of absence to visit the Chicago World's 
Fair and California. Being charmed with Califor- 
nia, hi' decided not to return to Europe, but owing 
to the bard times of 1893, the seeming impossibil- 
ity of business to his liking. ;i trip to Alaska, late 
in September, 1893, was undertaken. Severe hard- 
ships were encountered on this trip, which finally 
ended on Wood Island, but after a couple of months 
of employment at the trading station of the North 
American Commercial Company he then proceeded 
on a hunting expedition with a few natives south- 
ward to Unalaska. From there by steamer to St. 
Michaels, then up the Yukon for 600 miles and 
back to St. Michaels, and as far north as Point Par 
row. Returning in August, 1894, on a coaling ves- 
sel to San Francisco, he shortly afterwards loined 
the experimental station of the Kern County Land 

Company at Bakersfield. After its discontinuance 
he took up the study of practical irrigation. 

In the fall of 1895 he went to the University of 
California as post graduate student, and in Janu- 
ary, 1896, he was appointed secretary to Professor 
Hilgard until January, 1S97, when he went to the 
Sacramento Valley to engage in the dairy business 
to obtain practical experience in that line. He re- 
turned to Berkeley to the office of Professor Hil- 
gard in August of the same year for five months, 
and then accepted the super- 
intendence' of the Spreckels 
ranch of 12,000 acres at King 
City until October. After his 
marriage and a short vaca- 
tion he was engaged by the 
American Beet Sugar Com- 
pany as agriculturist at their 
Oxnard factory, having had 
thorough experience in this 
branch at Hanover, Thuerin- 
gen and Hungary. 

In January, 1900, he went 
for them to the Arkansas 
Valley, Colorado, and took 
charge of the agricultural 
work in that State and in 
Kansas and New Mexico, in- 
troducing beet culture in 
those States. He remained 
at Rockyford, where the first 
factory had been construct- 
ed, until November, 1904, 
when he was appointed man- 
ager of the second sugar fac- 
tory in the Arkansas Valley, 
at Lamar, which was built in 
1905. He remained in charge 
of that factory and of the 
development of 10,000 acres of land and of the La- 
mar Canal, which had been purchased, until March, 
1907, when he was sent by the president of the 
company to Europe for the purpose of studying the 
agricultural situation in the leading beet sugar 
countries, with instructions to go over the ground 
thoroughly and without time limit. He traveled 
and visited sixty-seven sugar factories, and the 
largest seed-breeding establishments in Germany, 
Holland, Belgium, France, Italy, Hungary. Austria. 
Poland and Bohemia, and returned to the I'nited 
States in 1908. 

He was then appointed to the position of con- 
silium; agriculturist tor the company's six factories, 

in California. Colorado and Nebraska, which place 
lie ailed until January, 1911, when he removed to 
California, having resigned his position after 
twelve years' service and established himself as 
consulting agriculturist in the purchase of land. 
establishment and operation of ranches, under ir- 
rigation or without However, he continued to make 
heet culture ami its many branches a specialty. 
Mr. Winterhalter makes his principal headquar- 
ters in San FranClsCO, CaL, With offices in the Hum 
holdt Savings Hank Building, on Market street. 







Physician, Los Angeles, California; 
born Fairmont Springs, Luzerne 
County, Pennsylvania, June 13, 1853: father, 
lames Sydney Haynes; mother, Elvira 
Mann (Koons) Haynes. At the age of 
21 he received the degrees of M. I>. and 
I'll. 1). from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. Eight years later he married Miss 
Dora I* e 1 lows of Wilkesbarre. Pennsyl- 
vania. Owing to the ill health of mem- 
bers of his family he removed to Los An- 
geles in 1887, after thirteen years' practice 
in Philadelphia. Here he engaged in the 
practice of medicine with his brother Fran- 
cis, who attained great eminence as a sur- 
geon, but whose brilliant career was in 1898 
cut short by death. 

Dr. J. R. Haynes has served as a member 
of the Los Angeles Civil Service Commission, 
with the exception of a few months' inter- 
val, from the date of its inception in 1''03. In 
1000 he organized The Direct Legislation 
League of California and has served as its 
president up to the present time. 

Dr. Haynes is referred to in the "Califor- 
nia Outlook" of September 9, 1911, by it- 
editor, Mr. Charles D. Willard, in the follow- 
ing terms : 

"There is in Dr. John R. Haynes some of the 
material of which great law-makers are made, also 
something of the hero and martyr, also a bit of the 
prophet and seer, and a lot of the keen, vigorous 
man of affairs. It took all of that to accomplish 
what he has put to his credit in the State of Cali- 
fornia. He arrived in Los Angeles from Philadel- 
phia in 1887 and started right to work for direct 
legislation. It took ten years to make the people 
understand what it was, and then five years more 
to get it into the Los Angeles city charter. He did 
it; nobody can dispute the honor with him; and he 
was abused and insulted every inch of the way. 
For ten years and more he has been urging every 
State Legislature to let the people vote on a 
'people's-rule' amendment. At last he won that 
fight. Incidentally, as mere side issues, it might 
be mentioned that he is one of the most eminent 
physicians of California, that he is one of the city's 
largest property holders, and that he is personally 
one of the most popular men in that part of the 

The Foregoing gives souk- insight into the 
progressive, practical quality which domi- 
nates Dr. Haynes' efforts in behalf of all 
worthy movements calculated by him to be 
for the greatest g 1 of the greatest number. 

He w a- the firsl to agitate the question of 
the adoption of the Initiative. Referendum 
and Recall provisions for the city of Los An- 
geles, and largely through his untiring 
energy they became, in l' 1 !}.?. a part of the 

city's charter. The incorporation of the "Re- 

call" was especially his individual work; the 
first application by the principle, in fact, into 
the actual machinery of government. ( )n 
this account he is known throughout the 
countr) as the "Father of the Recall." At 
the iitue of it-- adoption Los Angeles was the 
only community in the world where a ma- 
jority of the electors had at any time the 
power to discharge unsatisfactory official.-. 
Since that date the Recall has been adopted 
by more than two hundred American cities 
and by three States. 

Immediately after the adoption of thesi 
Direct Legislation provisions by the city, Dr. 
Haynes set to work to secure the same 
measures for the State; and after eight years 
of unremitting effort the}' were adopted in 
the election of October 10. 1911, by a ma- 
jority of 4 to 1. 

An instance of the practical value of the 
Initiative in government affairs occurred -ev - 
eral years ago, when Dr. Haynes. by its use. 
compelled the street railways in Los Angeles 
to equip their cars with efficient fenders, re- 
sulting in an enormous saving of life. At that 
time the city of Los Angeles had the highesl 
fatality rate from street car accidents of any 
city in the world. After correspondence with 
officials of seventy-four cities in Europe and 
America, he drew up a safety fender ordi- 
nance, which, by means of an initiative peti- 
tion, he forced through an unwilling street- 
railway-bossed Council, with the result that 
the superintendent of the company himself 
some time later voluntarily stated to Dr. 
Haynes that these fenders, put on as a result 
of the Initiative ordinance, he estimated to 
have saved in a comparatively short space of 
time the lives of two hundred persons. 

Dr. Haynes is now endeavoring to reduce 
the rate of fatality in the coal mines of the 
United States, which is now five time- as 
great as in Europe. After a personal inspec 
tion of European mines and interviews with 
many experts there and at home, he i- stren 
uously advocating the establishment of an in- 
terstate mining commission empowered to 
prescribe safety regulations. He think- coal 

mine- -till owned by the nation should not be 
sold, but retained by the nation and operated 
either by the government or by lease- -.lie 
guarding the interest of the nation and the 
live- i if the miners. 

Dr. Haynes is a member of a large num- 
ber of societies and club-, medical, philan- 
thropic, civic ami social in character, and 
State, national and even international in the 
range of their activities. 






dent of the Murphy-Grant Co., San 
Francisco, California, was born in 
that city, March 28. 1858. the son of Adam 
Grant and Emma F. (Glimmer) Grant. 
i If Scotch- English ancestry, he lias carried 
through life the qualities of shrewdness, 
integrity and affability presumed to inhere 
in that happy combination. His father, 
Adam dram, was a true Highland Scotch- 
man, who went to California in 1850. and in 
San Francisco founded the pioneer and long 
famous drv goods house of Murphy, Grant 
& Co., which his son, Joseph, has success- 
fully controlled since l n 04. The latter was 
married in Portland, Oregon. June 28. 1897, 
to Miss Edith Macleay, daughter of Don- 
ald Macleay, one of Portland's oldest and 
most noted bankers and merchants. Jose- 
phine and Edith Grant are the children of 
this marriage, and Douglas Grant is a son by 
Mr. ( irant's first wife. 

Joseph D. Grant's early education was 
received in the Lincoln Grammar. 1866-67; 
the next three years at the old Washington 
School, of which Miss Jene Parker was prin- 
cipal, and from 1870-75 at the Boys' High 
School. In the latter year he entered the 
College of Social Science of the University 
of California, but left one year before grad- 
uation; a year later he toured the greater 
part of Europe and the East, and for five 
months attended the Sorbonne lectures on 
Political Economy and Literature. 

In 1881 he returned to San Francisco and 
entered the firm of Murphy. Grant & Co. He 
began at the bottom and progressed through 
all the various departments. 

Throughout the greater part of this pe- 
riod, however, many outside activities, such 
as his large ranches in California and inter- 
ests in ( Oregon claimed his attention, but did 
not swerve him from hi-, main purpose, the 
mastery of the details aforesaid. He re- 
garded as a precious legacy, with all the re- 
sponsibilities the term implies, his succes- 
sion to tin- ownership of the oldest com- 
mercial house in its own line on the Pacific 

In 1904 Mr. ('.rant became the owner of 
the business and President of the corporation. 
Since then the expansion of the trade has 
been due as much to the efficiency of the 
management a- to the natural growth of the 
commerce. In the first quarter ol tin- year 
1906, preceding the great fire, the sales ex 
ceeded those ,,f an\ previous similar neriod 
in the history of tlie house, and this disaster 

called for the maximum of managerial and 
executive ability. As in the case of every 
business alike afflicted, entire rehabilitation 
was a necessity. All sources of supply were 
cut off, and new stock and new quarters had 
to be procured. This practical re-creation 
was begun within seven days after the fire. 

On April 25. 1906, or just one week after 
the destruction of the business section of San 
Francisco, the house reopened with a stock 
of goods in the Tribune Building, < >akland, 
and on April 18. 1''07. the anniversary of the 
fire, the firm moved into a substantial con- 
crete building on the corner of Sansome and 
Market streets. But as soon as the necessary 
supplies and materials could be secured the 
Class "A" Adam (irant Building, on the cor- 
ner of Sansome and Bush streets, was 
erected on lines that will permit its enlarge- 
ment to double its present size. This is a 
model of modern construction for the dis- 
patch of business and for the convenience of 
customers; and therein, on July 25, 1908, or 
a little more than two years after the earth- 
quake, the company was completely installed 
ready for business that now covers this ex- 
tensive territory: California, Nevada, Ore- 
gon. Idaho, Washington. Alaska. Lower Cali- 
fornia, .Arizona. New Mexico, the Hawaiian 
Islands. Tahiti and Manila. 

The principal directors of the firm are 
now Joseph I), (irant. President, and Charles 
R. Havens. Vice President and Manager. 

Besides his presidency of the Murphy- 
Grant Co., and of the North Central Improve 
ment Association, he is a director of the hirst 
National I'.ank of San Jose. Mercantile Trust 
Co. of San Francisco, Mercantile National 
P>ank. Security Savings I'.ank. Donohoe-Kel- 
lev Banking Co.. Natoma Consolidated Co., 
('oast Counties Light and Power Co.. and the 
Charities Indorsement Committee. 

He is a life trustee of Stanford Univer- 
sity, as well as of the Academy of Sciences, 
a member of the Council of the Aeadetm of 
Pacific (oast History, the American Astro- 
nomical Society and the Seismological So 
ciety. and for two years was President of the 
S. F. Art Association. His club memberships 
include the Union, and the Rockj Mountain. 
of New York ; the Pacific Union, Bohemian, 
< Hympic, Press, of which two last lie is a life- 
member. Golf and Country, and the Com- 
monwealth, all of San Francisco; Menlo 
Country and Burlingame Country, of San 
Mateo, of the latter of which he is also a 
life member, and the Chi Phi Fraternity of 
the 1 Ihiversity i if ( California. 



BOOTH, WILLIS H., Banking and Real 
Instate. Los Angeles, California, was 
horn in Winnemncca. Nevada, on 
February 15, 1874, the son of L. Booth and 
Ellen Ann (Bratt) Booth. He married 
Chancie Ferris, in Los Angeles, January 21, 
1899, and to them there has been born one 
child. Ferris H. Booth. Mr. Booth missed 
by five years being a son of California, for 
it was at that age that he 
was taken to Los Angeles, 
where he has grown up 
with the city, being edu- 
cated in its public schools 
and in the University of 

His family owning the 
firm of L. Booth & Sons, 
a large machinery house 
of Los Angeles, Mr. 
Booth, upon the comple- 
tion of his education, in 
1895. entered at once in 
that business, being made 
treasurer of the firm. He 
held this office for ap- 
proximately thirteen 
years, becoming a com- 
mercial and a civic fac- 
tor. In 1908 the Booth 
Company w a s consoli- 
dated with the Smith 
Machinery Company, un- 
der the name of the 
Smith-Bush-Usher Com- 
pany, at the present time 
one of the leaders in it-- 
line on the Pacific Coast 
elected secretary of th 
tion he still retains. 

Two years prior to the merger of the 
machinery concerns, Mr. Booth aided in the 
organization of the Pacific Electric Heating 
Company, a concern manufacturing electric 
heating appliances at Ontario, California, 
and he was elected vice president of it. This 
company has a large plant as its California 
base and in addition has branch factories in 
Chicago, New York, Vancouver, I!. C, and 
Toronto, Canada. The whole put together 
make it one of the largest modern electric 
industries, with most promising prospects 
for the future. 

Although he devotes a great deal of his 
time to this corporation's affairs, Mr. Booth 
has other interests which claim his atten- 
tion and into each of which he injects the 
spirit of progress. He was elected vice 


Mr. Booth was 
new firm, a posi • 

president of the Equitable Savings Hank. 
one of the large Los Angeles financial in- 
stitutions, in 1908, and still occupies that 
office. He is also treasurer of the Booth 
Investment Company, a Booth family cor- 
poration, with real estate and other hold- 
ings in and about the city. Mr. Booth has 
been one of the conspicuous men in the 
growth and improvement of Los Angeles 
and has figured in prac- 
tical!}' every movement 
having for its object the 
improvement of the city 
and its establishment a^ 
a metropolitan municipal- 

He was elected presi- 
dent of the Chamber of 
Commerce of Los An- 
geles in 1909, and during 
his administration numer- 
ous plans for the upbuild- 
ing of the city were orig- 
inated and carried to a 
successful issue. One 
work in which he was 
most active was the an- 
nexation of San Pedro to 
Los Angeles, a transfor- 
mation that made Los 
Angeles a deep water 
port and placed it in line 
for the commercial bene- 
fits that are sure to ac- 
crue to the entire Pacific 
Coast with the opening of 
the Panama Canal. Work 
of building a modern harbor is now in prog- 
ress and Mr. Booth has been an ardent ad- 
vocate of this at all times. 

He was president of the Associated 
Chambers of Commerce of the Pacific Coast 
in 1910, and under his leadership a commer- 
cial delegation, made up of leading men in 
all the organizations in the association, 
toured the Orient in a study of conditions 
and to devise means for increasing American 
strength in that part of the world. 

He is Commander of Los Angeles Coni- 
mandery No. 9, Knights Templar, and holds 
membership in the leading clubs of his city, 
among them the Jonathan Club. Sunset 
Club. California Club and the Los Angeles 
Country Club. 

Mr. Booth has been an ardent supporter 
of higher education. He has recently been 
honored by being chosen a director of Occi- 
dental College. 





he came to San 
he was eight years 
with the city, he 
a true San Fran- 

CIS, Attorney-at-Law, San Fran- 
cisco, California, was born in Wey- 
mouth. Massachusetts. February 22. 
the son of Archibald Morrison and 
( [ lart ) Morrison. As 
Francisco in 1864, when 
old, and has grown up 
is generally regarded as 
ciscan. On April 27, 
1893, he was married, at 
Turner, Oregon, to Miss 
May B. Treat. 

After a course in the 
public schools of San 
Francisco he attended the 
Bi >} s' I tigh School, from 
1872 to 1874. and then 
entered the University of 
California, from w h i c h 
he was graduated A. 1'.. 
with the Class of 78. In 
1S81 lie took the degree 
of LL. 15. from the Mas- 
tings College of the Law 
and began the active 
practice of his profes- 
sii in. 

\\ hile he was a stu- 
dent at. Hastings he sup- 
plemented his s Indies 
with some practical ex- 
perience in the law office 
i if Cope & Boyd, and n< >t 
long after his admission 
to the bar. in 1881. he 
for m e d a partnership 
with Thomas V. O'Brien, under the name of 
< )T>rien & Morrison. In 188') this was 
changed to O'Brien, Morrison & Dainger- 

Two years later Mr. Morrison withdrew 
from this firm and formed an alliance with 
the late C. E. A. Foerster, which continued 
until the lattcr's death, in L898. 

lion. W. B. Cope having joined the firm 
in 1896, the title remained Morrison & Cope 
until 1906, when it became Morrison, (ope 
& Brobeck, and on the death of Judge Cope, 
in 1908, Morrison & Brobeck. The present 
firm of Morrison, Dunne & Brobeck was 
formed in 1910. 

During these years Mr. Morrison's prac- 
tice has been of a general nature, hut chiefly 
in corporation law. wherein his skill and 
character have won him an unusual degree 
of respect and confidence. Almost from the 
start he has had charge of cases involving 

A. F. M( 

important questions and interests. Con- 
spicuous among these was his attorneyship 
for the settlement of the George Crocker 
Trust, and also for the estate of Col. Charles 
F. Crocker. 

His identification with the Crocker inter- 
ests, especially as they relate to the public, 
was —till more prominent in the part he 
played in the proceedings whereby the debt 
of the Central Pacific 
Railroad Company was 
readjusted and the prop- 
erty i if that company ac- 
quired by the Southern 

In fact, his success in 
bringing about settle- 
m ents and relations as 
harmonious and satisfac- 
tory as the conditions 
will permit has been as 
pronounced as is bis rep- 
utation for diffidence and 

Mr. Morrison's special 
hobby is historical read- 
ing, and in the pursuit 
thereof he has collected 
what is probably the 
largest private library of 
historical works t<> be 
found in the State. It 
comprises more than ten 
thousand well selected 
vi ilumes. 

)RRIS()X Among the various 

corporations of which he 
is a director are the Crocker Estate Com- 
pany, the Crocker. Huffman Land and 
Water Company, the Crocker National 
Bank of San Francisco, the Western Sugar 
Refining Company, the Spreckels Sugar 
Company, the National Ice and Cold Storage 
Company, the Parrafine Paint Company and 

Mr. Morris, in is a member of the Ameri- 
can Historical Association, the Pacific Coast 
Historical Society, the California Academy 
of Sciences, the National Geographical So- 
ciety, the American Academy of Political 
and Social Science and the American Eco- 
nomic Society. In each of these organiza- 
tions, which have for the objects modern ac 
complishment, Mr. Morrison is an enthusi- 
astic worker and takes an active part. 

Me is a member of the Pacific-Union 
(lull, the University Club, the Commercial 
Club and the University <>i California. 






Angeles, California, was born at Big Rapids, 
Mecosta County. Michigan, August 18, 1861, 
the son of Thomas D. Stimson and Acacia 
J. (Spencer) Stimson. He married Anna C. Waters 
at Muskegon, Michigan, April 13, 18S6. He is de- 
scended of a family long prominent in the com- 
mercial progress of the country, his father having 
been a pioneer lumberman and the founder of a 
gigantic business which he and his brothers are 
now conducting. 

Mr. Stimson's father was of Welsh descent, pos- 
sessed of the ruggedness for which Welshmen are 
noted. For many years prior to moving to the far 
West he had been one of the leading lumbermen of 
Michigan and was the head of an extensive busi- 
ness. He had large timber holdings in Northern 
Michigan, with mills at Muskegon, and accumulated 
a large fortune before he retired from business and 
transferred his residence to Los Angeles, where 
at first he sought only rest and recreation. He 
did not remain inactive long, but planned and built 
the Stimson Building, at that time one of the finest 
buildings of the West and still one of the impos- 
ing structures of Los Angeles. He died in 1898, 
but the lumber business founded by him is still 
carried on by his sons, E. T., Charles D. and F. S. 

E. T. Stimson received his early education in 
the public schools of Big Rapids, Michigan, and 
later attended Fairbault Military Academy, in Min- 
nesota, leaving the latter institution in 1883 to go 
into the lumber business with his father. 

Going to Muskegon, where his father's mills 
were located, Mr. Stimson began in a minor ca- 
pacity, it being the idea of his rather to train him 
thoroughly in the manufacturing end of the busi- 
ness. He passed through the various grades and 
in 1887, when the elder Stimson established a lum- 
ber yard at South Chicago. Illinois, he was sent 
there as its first foreman. 

Mr. Stimson was in charge of the business at 
South Chicago until 1S90. and then went to Seattle, 
Washington, where, with his brothers, Charles D. 
and Frederick S. Stimson, he purchased large tim- 
ber properties and built two lumber mills which 
are still in operation under the ownerships of the 
Stimson Mill Company. These mills have been 

among the Important units of the lumber industry 
(if the Northwest from the time they were estab- 
lished and Mr. Stimson, as Treasurer of tie- com- 
pany, takes an active part in their management. 
Although he lias made his home in Los Angeles 
since some time during the year 1892, he spend.-, 
some part of each year in the .North. 

Mr. stimson first uent to Los Aageles to estab- 
lish a wholesale and retail lumber yard to distrib- 
ute through Southern California and the Southwest 
in general the products ..t the mills owned by his 
' ompanj at Seattle He conducted this ent< rpri e 

With great slh , ;,.,,,, y earS| ,,,- ,,„ 

til 191D. when he disposed of it in order to look 
after other interests and to manage the estate of 
his father. 

He is still heavily interested with his brothers 
in lumbering operations in the State of Washing- 
ton, their mills at Seattle, where they maintain 
their headquarters, having a capacity of 125,000 feet 
of lumber per day. The holdings of the three 
brothers are the largest of any on the Pacific 
Coast, it being estimated that they have enough 
timber in sight to keep their mills running at full 
capacity for the next twenty-five years. 

In addition to his lumber interests, Mr. Stimson, 
for many years, has been actively interested in 
petroleum production in Southern California and 
Mexico, and in this branch of industry is associ- 
ated with several of the leading oil producers of 
the United States and Mexico. 

In company with the above, all of whom are 
well known capitalists of the Southwest, headed by 
E. L. Doheny and C. A. Canfield. he. in 1902, acted 
as one of the incorporators of the Mexican Petro- 
leum Company, Ltd., to operate in Mexico. This 
company was the forerunner of numerous other 
American-owned oil corporations in Mexico and is 
rated among the largest producing companies in 
North America, having large holdings of oil lands, 
numerous wells and various subsidiaries The 
National Gas Company of Mexico, which supplies 
the lighting and fuel gas used in Mexico City and 
other places in the Republic, being one of the 

Mr. Stimson has various other interests in Los 
Angeles and Southern California, and has under his 
management the Stimson Building, owned by the 
Stimson estate. He also is a factor in the financial 
affairs of the city, being a member of the Board of 
Directors of the Merchants' National Bank of Los 
Angeles, one of the strong financial institutions of 
the West. 

Recognized as one of the progressive men ol the 
city, he takes an active part in civic affairs of a 
non-political nature, but never has ventured into 
the political field. His father before him was in- 
tensely interested in the upbuilding of Los Angeles 
and Mr. Stimson, ever since his residence there, 
has given up much of his time to movements for 
the general improvement of the city. 

As a member of the Los Angeles Chamber of 
Commerce he has taken an active pari in various 
civic enterprises fathered by that organization, and 

is generally regarded as one of the energetic work- 
ers in the membership of the body. 

He devotes the greater part of his time to busi- 
ness affairs, but despite the diversity of his inter- 
ests finds time for recreation in noil' and autoino- 

blllng. lb- also has traveled extensively In the 
United states and Europe and Is a member of the 

leading ClUbS of Los Angeles, these Including the 

California Club, Los Angeles Country Club 
than club and the Los Vngeli Athletic Club. 






ARNOLD, RALPH, Consulting Geologist and 
Petroleum Engineer, Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia, and New York City, was born in 
Marshalltown, Iowa, April 14, 1875, the 
son of Delos Arnold, a native of New York State, 
and Hannah Richardson (Mercer) Arnold, of 
Ohio. He married Frankie Winninette Stokes, 
daughter of Frank Stokes and Oraletta (Newell) 
Stokes, of South Pasadena, California, July 12, 
1899. Mr. Arnold's father was one of the early 
pioneers of Iowa and later in life attained distinc- 
tion in scientific and political circles. 

When he was about five years of age, Mr. 
Arnold's parents transferred their home to Cali- 
fornia, locating at Pasadena, and he has maintained 
his residence in that city ever since. From his 
early childhood, a considerable part of which was 
spent in traveling, Mr. Arnold took a deep interest 
in scientific subjects and in this was encouraged 
by his parents, with the result that almost his en- 
tire life has been devoted to science and he stands 
today among the distinguished scientific men of the 
United States. His first efforts were along the 
lines of ornithology and oology, and as a result of 
these early studies he still retains one of the finest 
collections of California birds and eggs in that 
State. His general education was thorough and 
complete. Beginning with attendance in the gram- 
mar schools of Pasadena, California, he was grad- 
uated from the Pasadena High School in 1894 and 
from Throop Polytechnic Institute in 1896. He re- 
ceived the degree of Bachelor of Arts from Leland 
Stanford, Jr. University in 1899, Master of Arts in 
1900, and Doctor of Philosophy in 1902. 

Mr. Arnold was Assistant in Mineralogy at Stan- 
ford University 1S98-1899, and Assistant in Geology 
1900-1903; Physical Director and Instructor in 
Physics and Chemistry at Hoitt's School, Menlo 
Park, California. 1899-1900. He held an appoint- 
ment as Field Assistant on the U. S. Geological 
Survey from 1900-1903, and beginning with 1903 de- 
voted his entire time to this bureau, holding the 
position of Geologic Aid 1903-1905, Paleontologist 
1905-1908, Geologist 1908-1909. His work for the 
Government included a reconnaissance of the Ter- 
tiary formations of the Pacific Coast of the United 
States, and following this he was put in charge of 
the Government's investigations in the California 
oil fields. Mr. Arnold resigned from the Govern- 
ment service on June 1, 1909. and since that time 
the sphere of his professional activities has grad- 
ually expanded to include most of the oil fields of 
the United States, Mexico and South America. 

During the time he has been in private practice, 
Mr. Arnold, in addition to his strictly technical ac- 
tivities, lias assisted in devising plans for financing 
several large enterprises, a class of work requiring 
the highest type of engineering and financial abil- 
ity. In his professional capacity he has rendered 
service to many individual oil companies and svn- 
dicates, many of them of foreign personnel, and has 
been connected with most of the Important Cali- 
fornia oil deals consummated within recent years. 
Among his more important works have been the 
preparation of reports and appraisals used in 
financing the following: Union nil Company of 
California, Esperanza Consolidated oil Company 
tnow the General Petroleum Company), Palmer 
Union Oil Company. Midwest Oil Company (of 

Wyoming i. various companies controlled by W. P. 

Hammon in California and John Hays Hammond in 
Mexico, and properties held under option by the 
South African Gold Fields. Ltd.. in Trinidad.' The 

listing of the securities of the Mexican Petroleum 
Company and the California Petroleum Corporation 
on the New York Stock Exchange was due in large 
measure to Mr. Arnold's reports on the holdings of 
these companies. The most important work that 
Mr. Arnold has yet undertaken is the organization 
and direction of an economic geologic survey of 
the oil resources of Venezuela, probably the most 
extensive operation of its kind ever undertaken in 
South America, no less than twenty-five American 
geologists and numerous natives being employed 
in the investigations. 

Mr. Arnold has served as Consulting Geologist 
and Engineer for the General Asphalt Company and 
its subsidiaries, the New York & Bermudez, Trini- 
dad Lake and Caribbean petroleum companies, and 
for the Oak Ridge, Montebello, Alliance, Esperanza 
Consolidated, Coalinga Kettleman, and many other 
California oil companies. He is a Director of the 
Pan-American Hardwoods Company, and profes- 
sional correspondent of Thompson & Hunter, of 
London, England. He also serves the United 
States Bureau of Mines in the capacity of Consult 
ing Petroleum Engineer and during 1912-13 held a 
temporary scientific assignment with the United 
States Geological Survey. 

Despite the multiplicity of his duties, Mr. Ar- 
nold continues a student of scientific affairs and in 
addition to the actual professional achievements 
with which he is credited, has been a prolific 
writer on technical subjects. Some of the more 
important contributions to science from the pen 
of Mr. Arnold are the following: 

"The Paleontology and Stratigraphy of the Ma- 
rine Pliocene and Pleistocene of San Pedro, Cali- 
fornia." a memoir of the California Academy of 
Sciences, consisting of 400 pages and fifty plates; 
"Recent and Fossil Pectens of California," Pro- 
fessional Paper, No. 47, United States Geological 
Survey; "Fossils of the Coalinga District, Califor- 
nia," Bulletin No. 396, U. S. Geological Survey. 

He also was co-author, in collaboration, -with 
George H. Eldridge, Robert Anderson, and H. R. 
Johnson, of seven Bulletins of the United States 
Geological Survey— Nos. 309, 317, 321, 322, 357, 
39S and 406 — descriptive of the California oil fields 
and various phases of the oil industry; and aside 
from these, has written more than fiftv other ar- 
ticles and papers relating to the geology, paleon- 
tology, oil and other mineral resources of Califor- 
nia, Oregon, Washington, and Trinidad, British 
West Indies, published in various scientific and 
technical publications. 

Mr Arnold is a Fellow of the Geological Society 
of America, of the Paleontological Society of Amer- 
ica, of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, of the Geological Societv (Lon- 
don i. and of the Royal Geographical Society of 
Great Britain. He is a member of the Mining' and 

Metallurgical Society, American institute of Min 
Ing Engineers, California Academy of Sciences, 

National Geographic Society. Washington lit ('.) 

Academy of Sciences, Geological Society of Wash- 
ington. Biological Society of Washington. Seismo- 
logies! Society of America. Malacologies] Society 

Of London. Cooper Ornithological Club, and the Le 
Conte Ceological Club. 

Aside from bis professional and technical affili- 
ations. Mr. Arnold belongs to the Cosmos Club of 

Washington, D. C, and was a charter member of 

the University Club of the same city, resigning 

when be left the Capital. His other clubs are the 

Gamut of Los Angeles and the famous Growlers, of 
( loalinga, California. 



dent of the S. C. Johnson Company, San 
Francisco, California, was born at How- 
ard City, Michigan, .March 9, 1881, the son 
of Samuel S. and Emma (Gibbs) Johnson. 
His father, a well known lumberman from 
the County Glengarry, Canada, acquired 
large timber interests in the Middle West, 
and subsequently in ( )regon and Califor- 
nia, and evidently trans- 
mitted to his son that 
love for the forest which 
he himself had brought 
from his own native 
country. On December 
5, 1906, he was married 
in the College Chapel at 
Fairbault, Minnesota, to 
Miss Katharine Horri- 
gan, and the surviving 
children of this marriage 
are Katharine and Sam- 
uel S. Johnson. 

Mr. Johnson attended 
the public school at Bar- 
num, Minn., but in the 
fall of 1894 entered the 
Shattuck School at Fair- 
bault, from which he was 
graduated in 1898. Dur- 
ing the winters of 1902-3 
and 1903-4 he took a spe- 
cial course in law and 
mechanical engineering at 
the University of Minne 
sota. While at school at 
Barnum he spent his va- 
cations in the sawmills and logging camps, 
and subsequently when he was a student at 
Fairbault he was again adding to his experi- 
ence in the same mills and yards. Immedi- 
ately upon his graduation from Shattuck he 
started out with his pack on his back to cruise 
timber in northern Minnesota. He spent two 
winters in the woods, scaling logs the first 
and in charge of a logging camp the second. In 
the summer he worked in all the different 
departments of the business, and became 
thoroughly familiar therewith. From 1900 
to 1904 he was in charge of the mill and 
yards at Cloquet, where he ran successfully 
the first large sawmill that was ever oper- 
ated during the extremely cold Minnesota 
winter. In April. 1904, he left the Univer- 
sity of Minnesota to join his father wdio had 
gone to California in January of that year. 
The first seven months after his arrival Mr. 


Johnson passed in the forests of northern 
California and eastern Oregon. Mere he 
bought thousands of acres of pine timber. 

In December, 1905, on the death of his 
father, he took charge of the McCloud River 
Lumber Co., of which the latter had been 
president and a large owner. He left this in 
1908 to go to San Francisco, where he has 
since been chiefly engaged in managing his 
own affairs, consisting 
mainly of his lumber in- 
terests and the Klamath 
Falls townsite property. 
In July, 190), Mr. 
Johnson became president 
of the Klamath Develop- 
ment Co., of Klamath 
^JT* I Falls, < )re., and devotes 

much of his energy tc 
these interests. Mr. John 
son regards as the most 
worthy action of his life 
his presentation, in 1908, 
in the name of the S. S. 
Johnson Co., of the Shat- 
tuck Armory to the Shat- 
tuck Military School, as 
a memorial to his father. 
Besides his presidency 
of the S. S. Johnson Co. 
and the Klamath Devel- 
opment Co.. he is presi- 
dent of the Hot Springs 
Co.. Des Chutes Lumber 
Co.. Des Chutes Booming 
Co. and Big Basin Lum- 
ber Co. ; vice President 
Weed Lumber Co., Willamette Railroad Co., 
the Wendling-Johnson Lumber Co.. and the 
First National Bank of Weed, Cal., and a di- 
rector of the Pacific Coast Redwood Co. He 
is also secretary and treasurer of the Kla- 
math Investment Co. and owner of valuable 
properties in Klamath Falls, including the 
magnificent White Pelican Hotel. This last 
is a monument to southern Oregon as well as 
to the untiring energy of Mr. Johnson, the 
moving spirit in its erection. It is second 
to none on the coast and unique in that it 
utilizes hot water from its famous hot springs 
for its Hammam Baths, as well as for heat- 
ing the building throughout. 

His clubs are : The Pacific Union, Clarenn int 
Country, Bohemian, Family, Commonwealth 
and Klamath Country. He is also a Master 
and Royal Arch Mason and a member of the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon College Fraternity. 



MILLER. HENRY, San Francisco, 
California, Stock-raiser, Land-owner 
and Capitalist, was born in Bracken- 
heim. Germany, July 21, 1828. 

llis father was a dealer in cattle, and 
his forefathers en the maternal side were 
vintners. He reached California in the 
year 1849, first settling in San Francisco 
where in the year ISM) lie was married 
to .Miss Sarah Wilmot 
Sheldon, the niece of his 
first wife, deceased. The 
surviving child of this 
marriage is Mrs. J. Le- 
rov Nickel, horn Nellie 
Sa'rah Miller. 

From his seventh to 
his fourteenth year he 
attend e d the village 
school, but from the age 
of eight earned his own 
living, his assistance to 
his father offsetting the 
cost of llis maintenance. 
At school he was noted 
for his altitude for fig- 
ures, his excellent mem- 
ory and his impatience 
of control. 

llis strong commer- 
cial traits, which he la- 
ter developed to a high 
degree of efficiency, were 
evinced at a very early 
age. At twelve he was 
in the habit of buying 
cattle, sheep and goats. 
generally at a bargain, an 
to his father's packin 


driving them 
;. But chaf- 
ng under parental training and not liking 
the prospect of the long apprenticeship nec- 
essary, nor the emoluments of Ten Prus- 
sian dollars for his first year's work, lie sm.ui 
after removed to Holland, thence to England, 
whence in 1847 lie came to New York, in 
every instance changing his abode solely to 
better his c< mdition. 

\fter working in Xew York, first as a 
gardener for four dollars a month, and then 
as assistant to a pork butcher for eight dol- 
lars per thirty days of sixteen hours a da) 
lie saved enough money to pay his passage 
to San Francisco, which he reached in '49, 
with six dollars in his pocket. 

Having formed the habit of reliance on his 
own judgment he had no misgivings of the 
future, lie first engaged himself to aFrench 
man to butcher sheep, at the head of Dttpont 

street, now Grant avenue, and worked for 
him two months, for small wages, doing his 
own cooking and economizing in every wax' 
possible. After the fire of June. 1851, he 
leased a lot on Jackson street, for $150 cash. 
erected a one-story building and set up sli i i 
as a retail butcher, a business in which he 
soon became a wholesale dealer. In 1853 he 
bought and delivered in San Francisco the 
first herd of cattle ever 
driven into a San Fran- 
cisco market. Four years 
later he purchased, with 
Mr. Charles Lux, sixteen 
hundred head of Texas. 
steers, and formed the 
partnership which was 
the foundation of the fa- 
mous firm of Miller & 
I ux. and which contin- 
ued for more than tw en- 
ty-five years, until the 
death of Mr. Lux. 

The beginning of Mr. 
Miller's vast investments 
in country lands was the 
purchase, on his private 
account, of the Bloom- 
field ranch near Gilroy. 
This consisted at first of 
1700 acres, which he sub- 
sequently increased to 
30.000 acre s. Selected 
primarily as a suitable 
assembling place for the 
herds of cattle from the 
southern comities, this 
land ultimately became very valuable. 

Miller el* Lux gradually increased the : r 
holdings until they covered 750,000 acres in 
eleven different counties of California, and 
also large tracts in Oregon and Nevada. In 
1888 it was estimated that they had on this 
land one hundred thousand cattle and eighty 
thousand slice]). The area of their grazing 
land alone is almost equal to that of the 
State of Rhode Island, and for sev era! 
years their sales of meat averaged SI. 500.000 
a year. 

Among Mr. Miller's other not a hie achieve 
ments was Ins organization of the San 
Joaquin and Kind's River (.'anal and trriga 
tion Company, of which in 1876 the firm, in 
self defense, gi >t O rtltP il. 

lie is known also for his large charities, 
and many recipients thereof are indebted t i 
him for then supporl and education in their 
early years. 






Senator and Indian Trader, G a n a d o, 
Apache County, Arizona, was born in 
Pajarito, New Mexico, November 27, 1853. 
He is of Danish and Spanish descent, the son of 
Sentiajo L. Hubbell and Julianita (Gutierrez) 
Hubbell. He married Lina Rubi at St. Johns, 
Arizona, in June, 1879, and to them there have 
been born four children, Adela (Mrs. Forrest M. 
Parker), Barbara (Mrs. Charles Goodman), Lo- 
renzo and Roman Hubbell. The Senator's for- 
bears were men of great fighting qualities; on the 
paternal side he is a lineal descendant of Danes, 
who, centuries ago, won part of England from 
King Alfred the Great; his maternal ancestors 
came out of Toledo, Spain, three generations back, 
and settled in New Mexico. 

Senator Hubbell, who has been a factor in the 
politics of Arizona for about forty years, is one 
of the most picturesque men of the Southwest and 
a living link between the old and the new order of 
things. He is practically self-educated, his actual 
schooling having been limited to about nineteen 
months' attendance at St. Michael's College, Santa 
Fe, New Mexico, and McFarland's Private School 
of the same city. 

During the early part of his life he worked with 
his father, but at the age of eighteen was ap- 
pointed Assistant Postmaster at Albuquerque, New 
Mexico, and after about a year in that place, went 
to Santa Fe, where he worked as clerk in the post- 
office. In March, 1872, he left the Government 
service and went to work for Henry Reed, post 
trader at Fort Wingate, New Mexico. Since that 
time he has spent practically all of his life in deal- 
ing with the Indians of the Arizona and New Mex- 
ico tribes. He won the friendship of the Indians 
and others while managing the Reed store at Fort 
Wingate and at the end of a year opened another 
store for his employer at Fort Defiance, Arizona. 

After conducting this enterprise successfully for 
about a year, the Senator resigned and rode across 
the country to Utah, on a horse-buying expedition. 
During this trip he stopped for a week at the house 
of John D. Lee, one of the leaders in the Mountain 
Meadows massacre, which had occurred some years 
previous to his arrival, and Lee was at the time 
being sought by the authorities. He later paid the 
penalty for his participation in the attack on the 
band of travelers annihilated on the Mountain 
Meadows, being executed on the spot where the 
massacre occurred. 

Upon his return to Fort Defiance from Utah, 
Senator Hubbell sold his horses and took a posi- 
tion offered him in the Government service as in- 
terpreter and Superintendent of Labor, a position 
he held for about three years. Leaving this, he 
went to Albuquerque and worked for Stober, Me- 
Clure A.- Company, General Merchants. He left this 
after more than a year and went to a point thirty- 
five miles north of Port Wingate, on the Navajo 

Indian Reservation, where he established the first 
trading store among the Navajos outside of mili- 
tary protection. A few years later he purchased 
a store at Ganado, and two years later went there 
to manage it, with the result that he has made his 
home there, with the exception of a few years, 
ever since. His first store, which was located at 
Manuelito Springs, in the Chusca Valley, the for- 
mer being named for Manuelito, the warring Chiet 
of the Navajos, was sold out when he moved to 

After six months at this latter place, the Sena- 
tor felt the need of the civilizing influence of the 
white man's association, so went to Albuquerque, 
where, for about a year, he was with Stober. Mc- 
Clure & Company, as clerk and wool buyer. In 
1S7S the Senator opened a store at St. Johns, Ari- 
zona, and also became a heavy owner of sheep. 
He was a large operator in wool and this fact 
caused him to be a central figure in the war be- 
tween the cattle and sheepmen of that day, he be- 
ing the leader of the sheep interests in that sec- 

He maintained his store at St. Johns for several 
years, but closed it out in the late eighties and 
moved permanently to Ganado, where he makes his 
headquarters, supplying from there his other four 
stores, located at different points in the Navajo 
country. One of these is at Keam's Canyon, Ari- 
zona, another at Oraibe, Arizona, the third at Cedar 
Springs, Arizona, and the fourth at Cornfields, Ari- 
zona. The Senator is known as the greatest Indian 
trader of the Southwest, but few persons having 
any definite notion of the amount of business he 
handles. In the first place, he enjoys the fullest 
confidence of the Indians and supplies them with 
clothing, wagons, farm implements, etc., receiving 
in return blankets, pottery and other handiwork 
of the Red Men, which he sends to the markets of 
the civilized world. His principal export is the 
celebrated Navajo Indian blanket, the magnitude 
of his operations being indicated by the fact that 
during the year 1911 he handled more than two 
million pounds of freight. All of his supplies are 
freighted by team, owing to the fact that the near- 
est railroad point is sixty miles from Ganado. The 
Senator maintains sixty-five head of draft horses 
and also runs five mail routes. 

During his long career in the political field, Sen- 
ator Hubbell has been an advocate of justice for 
the masses and a keen supporter of the Republican 
party. He was elected Sheriff of Apache County in 
1884 and served for two years, during which time 
lie was the central figure of one of the most his- 
toric and dramatic situations In the political his- 
tory of the United States. Shortly after taking of- 
fice, he went lo \isit his store. 100 miles away from 
tin County Seat, and during his absence bis politi- 
cal opponents declared his office vacant and, with 

the aid ol the limits, named another to his office. 
He was notified Of the plan and. after riding 100 



miles between suns, managed to arrive at his office 
a few hours between the time for transferring it. 

He knew his opponents had imported a band 
of heavily-armed desperate gun-men, so called 
around himself a band of determined men, supe- 
rior in number to the opposing force. When he 
appeared in court his men were stationed at the 
windows and doors; the enemy crowded the court- 
room. His so-called successor endeavored to as- 
sume authority, but Sheriff Hubbell stopped him 
and demanded of the court to know why he had 
been dispossessed of his office. The Judge offered 
an explanation unsatisfactory to Hubbell and he 
delivered an address to the court, based on the fact 
that he had committed no wrong which would jus- 
tify his removal and that he could only be removed 
after a regular trial by a jury of his peers. He 
then took possession of the court's prisoners and 
placed them in jail. The next day he served no- 
tice upon the men imported to aid in his removal 
that they must quit the town within two hours. 
This had the desired effect, the men fled and the 
Senator remained in possession of his office until 
the expiration of his term. He was a candidate 
for re-election, but was defeated, owing to a com- 
bination of various interests opposed to him. 

This is but a mild incident of one of the most 
exciting chapters in the history of early-day West- 
ern politics, wherein Senator Hubbell, hundreds of 
miles from a railroad, maintained peace and order 
against tremendous odds. He was a minus figure 
in politics for several years after leaving the Sher- 
iff's office, but in 1S93 had won back his previous 
support and was elected to the Territorial Council 
of Arizona, which corresponds to a State Senate. 
He served one term and then returned to his busi- 
ness, although he continued as an active factor in 
the politics of his county. 

He was a candidate for Delegate to the Consti- 
tutional Convention in 1910, at which the basic law 
of the State of Arizona was drafted, but was de- 
feated by four votes. In the first general election 
the following year, however, he ran for the Senate 
and was elected over the man who had previously 
defeated him, thus gaining the honor of being one 
of the first Senators of the new State. He took 
office February 14, 1912, and has been the leader 
of the minority in the Legislature since, winning 
numerous victories despite the great odds against 

During his long career in public life the Sen- 
ator has been a persistent worker for the advance- 
ment of his State and the people within its borders. 
In his first term as a Senator he fathered and car- 
ried to successful issue the law providing water 
protection for the farmers of the State and in the 
present session has championed all worthy legis- 
lation, regardless of party, having for its object the 
alleviation of the condition of the poor man. Be- 
ing of Spanish extraction himself, he has at all 
times been a fighter for the interests of the Mexi- 

can citizens of Arizona and made a brilliant fight 
against the retention of the educational qualifica- 
tion, which meant disfranchisement for thousands 
of voters to whom English educational advantages 
had been denied. 

The Senator is at the present time Chairman of 
the Republican State Central Committee and for 
many years has been one of the most influential 
men in the affairs of the party in the Southwest. 

In the contest of the Taft and Roosevelt forces 
in the State Convention, preceding the National Re- 
publican Convention, of 1912, he won the delegation 
for the former after one of the most remarkable 
campaigns against overwhelming odds ever known 
to the party. He was chosen a member of the 
Arizona Delegation to the Chicago Convention that 
year and also went as a Delegate to Philadelphia 
in 1900, when the immortal McKinley and Theo- 
dore Roosevelt were nominated for President and 
Vice President, respectively. 

At the Convention of 1912, it will be remem- 
bered, there were numerous contesting delegations 
and the deciding of these contests resulted in the 
withdrawing of the Roosevelt forces from the Con- 
vention and the subsequent organization of the 
Bull Moose party, which named Roosevelt and 
Johnson for President and Vice President. 

Senator Hubbell supported the Taft cause from 
first to last and was active in the President's be- 
half all during the remarkable campaign. In recog- 
nition of his victory at the State Convention, 
President Taft caused to be sent to Senator Hub- 
bell a personal telegram of congratulation. 

Senator Hubbell is a man of boundless gener- 
osity, and humanitarianism is one of his chief 
characteristics. This has been shown at various 
times in his career, particularly in seeking justice 
for the Indian and the Spanish Americans of Ari- 
zona. He has appeared before Congressional Com- 
mittees on various occasions in behalf of these 
peoples and has secured for them just treatment 
in land and other legislation. 

An indication of the tenacity of purpose and de- 
termination which are marked characteristics of 
the Senator is presented in the fact that he la- 
bored before Congress for twenty-four years in the 
effort to get a bill passed giving him a patent to 
the land on which his home stands at Ganado. It 
is located almost in the center of the Navajo In- 
dian Reservation and the Government was loath to 
give him possession. Owing to the facts that he 
had done so much for the country and its people, 
however, and had developed the land, installed ir- 
rigation, etc., a special bill was finally passed 
granting him the patent as a reward for his work. 

The Senator has so devoted his life to business 
and affairs of State that he has little time for social 
or fraternal organizations and consequently does 
not figure in club circles. His only affiliation is 
with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
of which he is a life member. 



Treasurer and Manager, Oakland Paving 
Co., and of the Blake & Bilger Co., Oak- 
land, California, was born at Willow 
Springs, Oregon, August 2, 1S68, the son of Wil- 
liam F. Bilger and Pauline (Hauser) Bilger. He 
is of German descent on both sides of the house 
and seems to have inherited his quarry-operating 
and road-building proclivities from his paternal 
grandfather, who was a Burgomaster in Tros- 
singen, Germany, and for 
many years operated stone 
quarries and was active in 
constructive work in various 
parts of the Empire. 

Mr. Bilger was married 
in Oakland, December 19, 
1894, to Miss Carrie S. 
Siebe, daughter of George 
Siebe, for many years an 
official of the San Francisco 
Customs House. Their chil- 
dren are Anson S., Marion 
A., William F. and Frank W. 
Bilger, Jr. 

Mental and physical alert- 
ness, ambition to get ahead 
and avidity for any kind of 
work that came to hand have 
been the dynamos that have 
supplied the live wire that 
Mr. Bilger has proved him- 
self to be. His actual school- 
ing was of the intermittent 
kind. Coming from Jackson- 
ville, Oregon, in May, 1875, 
he attended the grammar 
school in San Leandro, Ala- 
meda County, until 1SS3, 
and for the next two years tried to qualify as a 
farmer on his father's ranch at Vacaville, So- 
lano County. Tiring of this uncongenial monot- 
ony, he secured employment, in 1885, in Bowman's 
Drug Store, Oakland, as errand boy, window 
washer and about everything else he was asked 
to be. During this strenuous apprenticeship he 
entered the Department of Pharmacy of the 
University of California, from which lie was 
graduated in 1S89, with the degree of Ph. G. His 
ambition to add an M. I), to this designation, how- 
ever, was sub-tracked by opportunity, for which he 
was ever on the watch. Pending his intended ma- 
triculation in the Cooper Medical College he be- 
came a collector for the Oakland Paving Company, 
liked the work, remained and was promoted to 
bookeeper. On the death of one of the owners he 
was elected a trustee of the company, and later 
was made secretary and treasurer. 

In 1905 Mr. liilger. with Mr. Anson S. Blake, or- 
ganized the Blake <*.- Bilger Company, contractors 

for all kinds of work connected with the paving 

business. He has focused his commercial energies 
on these concerns, and together with his associates 
has developed them to large proportions. A super- 
fluity of energy, however, will generally find an 
outlet in more than one channel — a fact which 
Mr. Bilger has well exemplified. For years he 
was a director of the Oakland Chamber of Com- 
merce, in which capacity he became a close ob- 
server and a student of organization work. Large- 
ly through his intelligent efforts the membership 
of the chamber was greatly 
increased, and in 1906, on 
the consolidation with the 
Board of Trade, he was made 
its first vice president. The 
next year he was chosen 
president of the body. 

Immediately after the fire 
of 1906 Mr. Bilger became 
very active in the relief 
work. Dropping his private 
business he co-operated with 
the business men of San 
Francisco and was one of 
the most ardent of all the 
Good Samaritans in that 
beneficent field. 

In 1907 Mr. Bilger or- 
ganized the Harbor Bank 
and was its first president, 
acting at the same time as 
director of the Oakland 
Bank of Commerce. Beyond 
all this he has been a very 
live Republican, for six years 
chairman of the City Cen- 
tral Committee, manager of 
Mayor Mott's campaign in 
1905 and State campaign 
manager for Alden Anderson, candidate for Gover- 
nor in 1910. His prominence and success in fra- 
ternal circles have been equally marked. He or- 
ganized the Alameda County Shriners' Club, for 
four years held together the disintegrating ele- 
ments, and in April, 1910, had the Imperial Coun- 
cil, in session at New Orleans, grant the charter 
for Aahmes Temple, Oakland's new shrine. He 
was elected the first Illustrious Potentate of the 
temple and still retains the office. He is a member 
of the Verba liuena Lodge. F. k A. M.: of the Oak- 
land Chapter, No. 36, R. A. M.: Oakland Comman- 
dery. K. T.; Oakland Consistory. A. A. R. S. ; 
Woodmen of the World, and an Elk. 

He belongs also to the Nile, the Deutscher and 
the Athenian Clubs of Oakland, and is the tenth 
life member of the Society of American Magicians, 
an order whose chief object is the prevention of 
exposure of the tricks by which public entertainers 
in this field earn their living and whose efforts 
have done a gnat deal toward keeping the myster- 
ies of the art among the fascinations of the stage 

i f ;o 


RASOR, EDWIN AMBROSE, Civil Engineer, 
Los Angeles, California, was born in Ot- 
tawa, Kansas, January 11, 1S69, the son of 
Nathan and Margaret (McEneff) Rasor. 
During Mr. Rasor's early childhood his family re- 
moved to Dayton, Ohio. 

After completing his studies in the primary 
grades of the public school he entered the Green- 
ville High School, at Greenville, Ohio, from which 
he was graduated in 1888. From the outset he 
showed a keen interest in 
mechanics, and on the com- 
pletion of his high school 
course entered the civil en- 
gineering department of the 
Ohio State University, which 
he attended for two years. 
At the end of this period 
came an opportunity to put 
some of his theoretical 
knowledge into practice and 
he left the university to ac- 
cept a position in the office 
of the city engineer of 
Pueblo, Colo. He worked on 
municipal engineering prob- 
lems for one year, when he 
accepted a position with one 
of the leading engineers 
then In practice in Pueblo. 
He held this post until 1893. 

It was in this year that 
Mr. Rasor received his first 
offer of importance, a propo- 
sition to go to South Amer- 
ica as engineer on a pro- 
posed railway that was then 
being laid through a new 
country. To Mr. Rasor, then 

about entering his active career, this seemed like 
the opportunity of a lifetime, but his father, who 
had in the meantime removed to Montana, would 
not think of his son making the long journey to 
a distant land that teemed with dangers, and suc- 
ceeded in prevailing on Mr. Rasor to remain in 
Montana. For the next few years Mr. Rasor 
operated as an engineer in Montana and other 
western States, taking advantage, and making the 
best of the many opportunities that offered them- 
selves for men engaged in developing the re- 
sources of the country. He worked in various 
parts of Montana and Idaho, where he was en- 
gaged in engineering until 1896, when he removed 
to Nevada, remaining there a short time, until he 
finally removed to California in 1897. 

While working in California he received an of- 
fer from a mining company in Mexico, where he 
acted as mining engineer on several important 
properties. During his sojourn in California's 
mineral districts Mr. Rasor made a fast friend of 
Mr. Adolph Koebig, a civil engineer whose oper- 


ations were chiefly around San Bernardino. This 
friendship proved invaluable to Mr. Rasor, for in 
189S, he entered Koebig's offices as an assistant 
in the many important projects the office had 
charge of. He remained with Mr. Koebig two 
years, and when in 1900, Mr. Koebig removed from 
San Bernardino, Mr. Rasor opened offices for him- 
self. His success was marked from the very start, 
and numerous important engineering projects were 
undertaken and successfully carried out. In the sec- 
tion about San Bernardino are 
many monuments to his 
skill and genius. Soon after 
opening his office he was 
chosen Consulting Chief En- 
gineer of the San Bernar- 
dino Valley Traction Com- 
pany, which was then con- 
structing the first electric 
line in San Bernardino Coun- 
ty between the city of San 
Bernardino and Redlands, 
Colton and Highland. This 
work entailed manifold en- 
gineering problems of the 
most difficult kind and Mr. 
Rasor's advice and skill were 
found indispensable in solv- 
ing them. It was during this 
period that Mr. Rasor took 
into partnership his brother, 
C. M. Rasor. The business 
of the office had grown to 
such proportions that it re- 
quired the joint efforts of 
two capable men to handle 
it. That Mr. Rasor's choice 
was well made has been 
proved by the subsequent 
success of the firm of Rasor Brothers. 

Four years from the time of his first arrival 
at San Bernardino, Mr. Rasor was appointed City 
Engineer of San Bernardino. As such he super- 
intended the construction of the municipal water 
system at that place, the first municipally owned 
plant of its kind in the State and one of the best 
in the country. In 1912, the first year of his ap- 
pointment, he made numerous improvements in 
municipal works, and further advanced his repu- 
tation when he became City Engineer of Colton, 
and Redlands, in addition to San Bernardino, for 
about eight years. During this period he was Con- 
sulting Engineer for the Fontana Development Co., 
the Rancho Verde Co., and other big interests. 

Believing that Los Angeles would give greater 
scope to his activities, the firm of Rasor Brothers 
removed to that city in 1907. Since his arrival in 
Los Angeles, Mr. Rasor has become one of the best 
and most favorably known engineers in that city, 
his clientage growing with the capable handling 
of every new project intrusted to his care. 



neer, Los Angeles, California, was born 
at Elgin, Illinois, June 30, 1851, the son 
of Paul Raymond Wright and Emily 
(Harvey) Wright. Mr. Wright has been twice 
married, his first wife having been Lucy Nich- 
olson, whom he married at Cobden, Illinois, 
December 11, 1873. Of this union there were 
born three children, George, Charles and Grace, 
the latter now deceased. On March 5. 1912, 
twelve years after th& 
death of his first wife, 
Mr. Wright married Capi- 
tola B. Wenzil, at San Diego, 

Mr. Wright received his 
primary education in the 
common schools of his na- 
tive city and later attended 
Elgin Academy, but did not 
complete the course there, 
leaving at the age of nine- 
teen years to enter business. 
At that time (1870) he 
went to New Orleans, Louis- 
iana, and was appointed 
Journal Clerk of the State 
Senate of Louisiana. He re- 
mained there during one ses- 
sion of the Legislature, re- 
signing at the end of six 
months' service to return to 
his home in Illinois. He 
spent the balance of the year 
on his father's farm. In 1S71 
he made plans to go to Colo- 
rado and learn the stock- 
raising business. After one 
year of hardship and cold he 
changed his mind and went 
to Indianapolis, Indiana, 
where he took up the study 
of landscape architecture in 
the office of Cleveland & 
French. After studying the 

profession Mr. Wright represented Cleveland & 
French for about two years in various parts of the 
United States, the principal office being in St. 
Paul, Minnesota. 

In 1S74, Mr. Wright went to Chicago, and 
opened offices with his brother, George F. Wright, 
as Civil Engineers and Surveyors. They had 
hardly established themselves, however, when Mr. 
Wright's health became impaired and he sought 
the more congenial climate of Southern California. 
Locating in Los Angeles in the early part of 1875, 
Mr Wright established offices as Civil Engineer 
and Surveyor and has since continued in that 
branch of the profession. He has been honored 
with public office on frequent occasions. 

Mr Wright, during his long career in Los An- 
geles, has taken an active part in the development 
of the city and vicinity and is regarded as one ol 
the real upbuilders of the Southwest. He has 
figured as engineer or surveyor in numerous large 

land operations, his first large contract having 1 

the Surveying Of the Morris Vineyard Tract in Los 
Angeles for the Hon. H. K. S. O'Melveny, one of the 
pioneers of the city. This tract, located at Pico 
and Main streets, is now in the center of the mod 
ern business district of Los Angeles. Another Im- 
portant work done by Mr. Wright during the first 


years of his residence in Los Angeles was the 
survey and construction of an irrigation canal, 
known as the "Cajon Ditch," which supplies water 
from the Santa Ana River to the Anaheim ranch 
district near Los Angeles. He also designed and 
surveyed the Evergreen Cemetery of Los Angeles, 
a picturesque tract in the eastern part of the city. 
Mr. Wright, in 18S3, was part owner and one of 
the surveyors of the Watts Subdivision, a vast tract 
north of the city, which at that time included Glen- 
dale, Tropico and Eagle 
Rock, three beautiful and 
well populated suburbs of 
Los Angeles. These sections 
were originally owned be- 
tween several of the early 
Spanish settlers and became 
historic ranchos before prog- 
ress demanded their subdivi- 

In 1SS5. about the time he 
was completing this work, 
Mr. Wright, in company with 
three others, purchased 7000 
acres of land in Cucamonga, 
California, now a thriving ag- 
ricultural center, and in- 
stalled modern Improvements 
which formed the basis Ol 
the present town. 

Mr. Wright's work in Los 
Angeles, combined with his 
staunch support of the Re- 
publican party, won him po- 
litical consideration early in 
his career. In 1879, within 
four years of his arrival, lie 
was elected County Survey- 
or and served in that office 
until lssi'. a period of many 
public Improvements In and 
around the city. In 1882 he 
was elected a member of the 
Board of Education and 
served as such for two 
years, his associates being Frank A. Gibson, George 
S. Patten, J. M. Elliott and W. G. Cochran, all im- 
portant factors in the history of Los Angeles. 

In 1SS4, Mr. Wright was elected County Sur- 
veyor a second time and served until 18S6, at 
which time he retired from public life temporarily 
to attend to his private affairs. In 1895, however, 
he was again called out of retirement by his party 
and was elected County Surveyor for the third 
time. Upon the expiration of his term in 1S9S he 
refused to run again and he has been engaged in 
private work since that time. 

Mr Wright's various administrations as County 
Surveyor were marked by numerous Improvements 
which contributed to the progress and growth of 
the City and county. 

In addition to his professional activities. Mr 
Wright has been a factor in the social life of Los 
Angeles for many years and was among the 
founders of what are today the leading clubs 
of the city. He was a charter member of the 

Jonathan Club, the California Club and the Union 

League Club, but has resigned from the latter 
two. He has been a member of the American So 
ciety of Civil Engineers for twenty-seven years 
and is also a member of the Engineers and Archi- 
tects' Association of Los Angeles. 






and Capitalist, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Williamson, Wayne County, 
New York, April 29, 1S46, the son of Allen 
Darwin Chappell and Lydia DeLano (Hart l Chap- 
pell. He married Miss May C. Hastings at Trini- 
dad, Colorado, December 19, 1N83. and to them 
there were born two children, Jean Louise and 
Delos Allen Chappell. Jr. 

The record of Mr. Chappell's ancestors is rich 
in historical data, the various generations having 
been represented in the Revolutionary, Mexican 
and Civil Wars. The founder of the family in 
America was George Chappell of London, England, 
who came over in the ship "Christian" in the 
spring of 1634. He located at Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, but moved in 1649 to New London, Connecti- 
cut, where one branch of the family still resides. 
The paternal grandmother of Mr. Chappell was 
Betsy Allen, niece of Colonel Ethan Allen, a Ver- 
monter whose achievements in the Revolutionary- 
War form one of the most stirring chapters in 
American history. Mr. Chappell's father was born 
in Vermont, but later moved to New York State, 
where he was a prosperous farmer and held a com- 
mission as Captain under Governor William H. 
Seward of that State. He died in 1899 in his 
eighty-fourth year. 

Mr. Chappell's wife was also descended of 
Colonial stock, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo 
Hastings, formerly of Lexington. Massachusetts. 
Nineteen of her relatives were among the historic 
"Minute Men" in the first battle of the Revolution, 
fought on Lexington Common, April 19, 1775. Mrs. 
Chappell died July 8, 1912. 

Mr. Chappell, looked upon as one of the factors 
in the industrial growth of the country west of 
the Rockies, spent his boyhood on a farm in Michi- 
gan, whither his family had moved from New York. 
He attended a public school in the vicinity of 
Kalamazoo, Michigan, until he was fourteen years 
of age, then went to Olivet College, where he pre- 
pared for entrance to the University of Michigan. 
He enrolled in the University in 1S66 and studied 
there two terms, when he was compelled to give 
up his college work and remain on his father's 
farm, the elder Chappell having been incapacitated 
through an accident. 

For the next five years Mr. Chappell managed 
the farm, but kept up his studies at home, and in 
1873 had affairs in such shape that he was able 
to go to Chicago, Illinois, and engage in business. 
He began as an Engineer and Contractor and for 
several years enjoyed unusual success, his work 
taking him to various parts of the Middle West, 
and on some occasions, into .New England. 

In 1879 at the behest of the citizens of Trinidad. 
Colorado. Mr. Chappell made his first trip to the 
then far West. He began operations by building, 
from his own plans and with his own resources, 
the first water works system of Trinidad, and 
through this gave a great impetus to building in 
that place. He spent much time in Colorado during 
the next few years and became so impressed with 
the premise of the country that in INS."., alter ten 

rears ol successful operation in Chicago, he closed 
his offices in the latter place and moved to Trini- 
dad. Since that time he has been an active and 
Important factor In business in the western part 

of the 1'nitell States. 

One of his earliest ventures was the purchase 

of a quarter interest in the First National Bank Of 

Trinidad, and about the same time he became in- 
terested in coal and coke development in Southern 
Colorado. Later. Mr. Chappell was one of a group 
of financiers who acquired about thirty thousand 
acres of coal lands, divided among several mines 
located in Las Animas, Huerfano and Fremont 
Counties. These were later merged under the 
name of the Victor Fuel Company, and Mr. Chap- 
pell became one of the directing forces of the cor- 
poration. The headquarters of the company were 
located in Denver and Mr. Chappell, after dis- 
posing of the Trinidad Water Works to the city, 
moved his home to the Colorado capital. 

In Denver as in Trinidad, Mr. Chappell soon 
became known as one of the progressive business 
men and the Victor Fuel Company was considered 
the largest enterprise of its kind in the State. 
Mr. Chappell first located in Denver in 1898, and 
four years later, in the middle of the year 1902, 
organized the Capitol National Bank. He was as- 
sociated with H. J. Alexander in this venture. 

In 1905 after more than twenty years of active 
business life in Colorado, Mr. Chappell decided to 
take a long rest, and in order to be absolutely free 
from business cares, sold his interest in the Victor 
Fuel Company to John C. Osgood, a noted Colorado 
financier known as one of the "Big Four" of the 
Colorado Fuel & Iron Company group of capitalists. 
Going at once to Europe, Mr. Chappell traveled for 
two years, returning to Denver in 1907. 

Shortly after his return Mr. Chappell was 
elected President of the Nevada-California Power 
Company and the Hydro-Electric Company, and for 
the last five years has devoted himself almost ex- 
clusively to the affairs of these companies, which 
are engaged in electric light and power projects 
of great magnitude in Nevada and Southern Cali- 
fornia. These companies, since their formation, 
have constructed various long-distance high-power 
transmission lines supplying light and power to 
Goldfield, Rawhide, and other parts of Nevada, and 
now has in course of construction, through the 
Southern Sierras Power Company, a subsidiary, a 
high-voltage transmission line from Bishop to San 
Bernardino, California. This line, two hundred and 
forty miles in length, is. at this writing, the longest 
of its kind in the world and Mr. Chappell, as one 
of the executive forces and engineering experts of 
the company, has had a large part in its planning 
and building. 

In order to be closer to the base of operations 
on the Bishop-San Bernardino line. Mr. Chappell 
moved his offices to Los Angeles in 1911 and has 
been there almost continuously since. Prior to 
that, he had been accustomed to spend a part of 
each year in Southern California, although he 
maintained his permanent residence in Denver. 

Mr. Chappell has other interests outside of the 

power companies and devotes to them a part of his 

time and energies Although he is past sixty. nine 
years of age. Mr. Chappell still devotes many hours 
a day to his business and performs his duties with 
the same vim and decision as characterized his 

efforts at the outset of his business career In Colo- 
rado. He is generally regarded as one of the au- 
thorities iii practical engineering and in the man- 
agement Of his various corporations has been Doted 
for his unusual executive ability and faculty for 

organizat Ion 

Mr. Chappell is a member of various on 
tions in the West, Including the Denver Club, Den- 
ver Country Club, and the Santa Barbara (Cal.) 
Country Club 



BILICKE, ALBERT C, Capitalist, Los 
Angeles, California, was born in Coos 
County, Oregon, June 22. 1861. His 

father was Carl Gustavus Bilicke and his 
mother was Caroline Sigismund Bilicke. 
At Niagara Falls, New York, September 
10, l'>00. he married Gladys Huff, and of 
this union three children have been born. 
They are Albert Constant, Nancy Caroline 
and Carl Archibald. 

Mr. Bilicke came to 
California in 1868. set- 
tling in San Francisco. 
and attended the public 
schools of that city until 
1876, when he entered 
Heald's Business College 
of the same city. At the 
age of 17 (1878) Mr. Bil- 
icke went to Arizona, 
where he engaged in the 
hotel business, being 
made manager of t h e 
Cosmopolitan Hotel at 
Florence, and after two 
years went to Tomb- 
stone, Arizona, where he 
managed the Cosmopoli- 
tan Hotel of that town 
and also became interest- 
ed in mining as superin- 
t e n d e n t of the Pedro 
Con solidated Mini n ,n' 
Company. Returning to 
California in 1885, Mr. 
Bilicke became proprie- 
tor of the Ross House, 
Modesto, and in 1891 became the proprietor 
of the Pacific Ocean House, Santa Cruz, 
California, a famous high-class resort in 
that day. 

In 1893 Mr. Bilicke first came to Los 
Angeles, and shortly after his arrival be- 
came the proprietor of one of the most fa- 
mous hotels of the West of that and the 
present day, the Hollenbeck Hotel, of which 
he is still the president and moving spirit. 

Although Air. Bilicke 's interests have 
grown to great magnitude and are spread 
far and wide, among which is the magnifi- 
cent Hotel Alexandria of Los Angeles, he 
still has a feeling of affectionate regard and 
pride in the "Hollenbeck" that no other in- 
terest, no matter the magnitude, can lessen. 

In 1903 Mr. Bilicke turned his attention 
to building and organized the Bilicke-Rowan 
Fireproof Building Company, principally for 
the purpose of improving in the most modern 

and substantial manner some of the many 

central business sites which he and his a 

ciates had acquired. Notable among the 
structures erected by this company stands 
the palatial Hotel Alexandria, erected in 
1905, of which he is president and which has 
added much to the fame and luxurious hotel 
life of Los Angeles. The success of this un- 
dertaking is best told by the fact that the 
company has just com- 
pleted an addition or an- 
nex containing over 300 
rooms. He is president 
of the Bilicke-Rowan An- 
nex Company, the Cen- 
tury Building Company, 
organized in 1906, and ol 
the Central Fireproof 
Building Company, or- 
ganized in the same year. 
He is also the presiding 
head of the Chester Fire- 
proof Building Company, 
which at this time is 
erecting the Title Insur- 
ance Building, a modern 
office building, at Fifth 
and Spring streets and of 
which it is proposed to 
make one of the finest 
office buildings west of 

W h e n the business 
district of Los Angeles 
started south along 
Broadway and Spring 
streets, Mr. Bilicke dis- 
played his confidence in the future of the city 
by stepping far ahead and buying choice cor- 
ners on which he could today take a hand- 
some profit; but he is not a speculator, he is 
an investor, with unbounded confidence in 
Los Angeles, and is backing his judgment 
with enormous investments in modern im- 
provements on the properties wdiich he con- 
trols. His investments are almost entirely 
of a character that benefit the community. 
While Mr. Bilicke's charities are general- 
ly known to be large, the details are known 
only to himself and the recipient. 

In addition to the high position .Mr. Bil- 
icke occupies in business, financial and social 
circles, he is a member of the Jonathan Club, 
the L. A. Country Club, Annandale Golf Club 
and the Yallev Hunt Club, Pasadena. 


ieke losl bis 
" on May 7. 
German ^uin 



Angeles, California, was born at Ninth 
Haven, Connecticut, October 16, 1877, the 
son of Dr. Benjamin Maltby Page and Cor- 
nelia (Blakeslee) Page. He married Miss Marie 
Markham, the eldest daughter of California's dis- 
tinguished former Governor, Hon. Henry Harrison 
Markham, at Pasadena. California, March 1, 1906, 
and to them there have been born two children, 
Eleanor and Benjamin Markham Page. Mr. Page 
is descended from early New 
England stock, his family, 
paternal and maternal, hav- 
ing been represented there 
for many generations. His 
father was a prominent phy- 
sician of Cleveland, Ohio, 
who moved to California on 
account of ill-health in 1873; 
his grandfather, the Rever- 
end Benjamin St. John Page, 
was a graduate of Yale Theo- 
logical School and a noted 
clergyman of the Congrega- 
tional and Presbyterian 
churches for many years; 
his paternal great-grandfather 
was engaged for many years 
as a merchant in the West 
India trade and later became 
a manufacturer in New Eng- 

Mr. Page has spent the 
greater part of his life in 
Southern California and re- 
ceived his preliminary edu- 
cation in the public schools 
of Pasadena, graduating from 
High School in the class of 
1895. He was graduated from Leland Stanford, Jr. 
University in 1899 with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts and then took up the study of law in Colum- 
bia Law School, New York, from which he received 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1902. 

Immediately after his graduation, Mr. Page was 
admitted to practice before the courts of New York 
State and shortly afterward returned to California, 
where he also was admitted. Later he was ad- 
mitted to practice before the U. S. Supreme Court. 

Mr Page began practice in Los Angeles in the 
. ffice "i the firm of Bicknell, Gibson & Trask, but 
after ;i few months he formed a partnership with 
the late Clarence A. Miller, under the firm name of 
Miller & Page, this continuing until the death of 
Mr, Miller in the early part of 1906. In December 
of that year, Mr. Page formed a partnership with 
i eph R Patton, who. at Mr. Page's request, 
moved to Los Angeles from San Jose, California, 
Aliii a few years successful work, however, death 

again visited the offices of Mr. Page, his partner 

living in the early part of 1910 


Since that time Mr. Page has practiced alone, 
making specialties of corporation, banking, mining 
and insurance law, serving as legal adviser for a 
number of important financial institutions in the 
West. These include the Merchants' Bank & Trust 
Co. ( which has become the Hellman Commercial 
Trust & Savings Bank) and other banks; the Cal- 
ifornia business of the Northwestern Mutual Life 
Insurance Co., the Occidental Life Insurance Co., 
and various similar concerns. He also is the coun- 
sel for the Los Angeles Realty 
Board, the Civic Center Assn.. 
and a number of the leading 
real estate firms. 

Through his successful 
representation of the institu- 
tions and firms mentioned. 
Mr. Page has attained promi- 
nence as one of the versatile 
members of the profession. In 
addition to the above clientele 
he has an extensive mining 
practice and has successfully 
represented, in corporate and 
financial affairs, a number of 
important copper companies 
of Arizona and Nevada. He 
is generally regarded as an 
authority in certain branches 
of mining law. 

Mr. Page is known in the 
city of Pasadena, where he 
has made his home during 
his residence in California, 
as one who takes a deep 
interest in all movements for 
the betterment of municipal 
and civic affairs, and he has 
been especially interested in 
the development of the educational facilities of his 
city. For several years he was a member of the 
Pasadena Board of Education, and was its Chair- 
man on four successive occasions — a mark of the 
appreciation of his fellow members of his energetic 
activities in the improvement of the local educa- 
tional system. 

As is natural in one who has lived in Southern 
California for so many years, and witnessed its mar- 
velous growth, Mr. Page has ever held a most op 
timistic view of its future, and has been himself of 
materia] assistance in helping in the development of 
Los Angeles through the placing of funds of Impor- 
tant financial institutions with which he has be- 
come connected in the course of his practice. Mil- 
lions of dollars from these institutions havi 
invested in the County under his advice and super- 

Mr. Page is n member ol the Los Angeles County 
Bar Association, tin- California Club ot Los An- 
geles, the Mid wick Countrj Club, and the Valley 
Hunt Club ot Pasadena, ;nni the Twilight Club. 






SMITH, CHARLES AXEL, Capitalist, Lum- 
ber Interests, Oakland, California, was born 
in the Province of Ostergotland, Sweden, 
December 11, 1S52. He married Miss Jo- 
hanna Anderson, February 14, 1S7S. at Minne- 
apolis, Minn. To this union there has been born 
Oscar (deceased), Vernon A., Carroll W., Nann 
(Mrs. Frederick A. Warner), Adeline, and Mrytle 

At the age of fourteen, Mr. Smith, his father 
and sister emigrated to America. In 1868 and 
1S69 he attended the public schools of Minneapolis. 
Minn., to which place his father went on arriving 
in the United States. The family was poor, pos- 
sessed of no more capital than that of thousands 
of other fellow countrymen who settled in the 
northwest. In 1872, he began a course in the 
University of Minnesota, largely through the 
kindly interest of Governor John S. Pillsbury, 
who was at that time a patron of the University 
and who helped it to achieve the fame it has since 
acquired. As a student, Mr. Smith lived with 
Governor Pillsbury, working in the Pillsbury home 
in winter and in the Governor's Minneapolis store 
during the summer vacations. The interest Gov- 
ernor Pillsbury exhibited in young Smith grew as 
the latter developed into a sturdy young Ameri- 
can. Compelled finally through illness to aban- 
don his college course, young Smith entered the 
Governor's hardware store, where he remained un- 
til 1878. In that year, through the interest of 
Governor Pillsbury, Mr. Smith went to Herman. 
Minn., then a new town on the Great Northern 
Railway. Here he opened an implement store and 
lumber yard, under the name of C. A. Smith & 
Co., he and Governor Pillsbury being equal part- 
ners, Mr. Smith having entire charge of the busi- 
ness. For six years he conducted this business 
mi a highly successful scale, opening additional 
stores and yards during this period at Evansville, 
Brandon and Ashby, Minn., taking as a partner C. 
J. Johnson, who has ever since been associated 
with Mr. Smith in his Minnesota operations 
Ninety thousand dollars was the sum cleared in 
these operations. Half of this Mr. Smith received 
as his share. 

By 1884, Mr. Smith although but thirty two 
years of age, had acquired considerable capital. 
It was in this year that ii«' entered another im- 
portant project that showed the confidence Gov- 
ernor Pillsbury had in the rising young business 
man's ability. The Governor hail loaned sunn- log 

gers $30,000, and as the} were unable to pay this 
debt, Mr. Smith was asked by the Governor to help 
him buy the logs and manufacture them into lum- 
ber. This Mr. Smith agreed to do and he, with 
C. J. Johnson and Governor Pillsbury, formed a 
partnership which continued unbroken until 1899, 
shortly before the death of the Governor. 
Mr. Smith, the boy whom the Governor had helped 
through college, then bought out the entire in- 
terest of his benefactor. The first purchase of 
logs was sawed at custom mills as were all the 
logs handled by the firm until 1SS7, when the 
John Martin mill was purchased. In 1890. the 
firm bought out the Clough Brothers interest in 
the mill of Clough Brothers & Kilgore, and ran the 
mill until 1891, when it was sold. In 1S93, the 
business, which had grown to gigantic proportions, 
was incorporated as the C. A. Smith Lumber 
Company. The company signalized its corporate 
birth by erecting the largest, most costly and most 
complete lumber mill built in Minneapolis. This 
mill a few years later broke all sawing records 
by turning out in eleven hours, with three bands 
and a gang saw, a few feet less than 600,000 feet 
of lumber, 71,500 lath and 130,000 shingles. It also 
made a weekly average of 1,010,000 feet per day, 
of twenty hours. 

With his business in Minneapolis firmly estab- 
lished, Mr. Smith was not blind to the fact that 
the future must be looked after if lumber men 
would survive the day when the already almost 
depleted forests of Minnesota would be shorn of 
their standing timber. He began to look further 
to secure material with which to keep going the 
great enterprises he had spent years in creating 
He decided, after careful study, upon the Pacifl 
Coast, as the field for his future operations Mr 
Smith's first coast timber purchase was of Califor 
nia redwood, consisting of a large tract in the 
northern part of Humboldt County. This he 36 
Cured in the summer of 1900, and it carried, it 
was estimated at that time, a stand of 3,000,000,000 
feet of timber. This purchase was quickly Eol 
lowed by others. After Investigating conditions 
in Western Oregon, he began in the following year 
to buy up tracts of land in the neighborhood of 
Coos Bay, that State. He also secured an impor- 
tant tract in Linn and several oilier counties in 
Oregon. In 1902 and 1903 lie purchased large 
tracts in Eldorado County. California, 

While the California property has been al- 
lowed to stand lor future n 1. the operations in 



the Coos Bay country have been hurried forward. 
An important shipping plant lias also been estab- 
lished at Bay Point, California, just beyond San 
Francisco, these completing, with the equipment 
of three fast freight steamers for carrying the 
lumber, one of the most complete systems of lum- 
ber development and marketing in the United states. 
In the Coos Bay district Mr. Smith acquired billions 
of feet of choice fir, spruce and Port Orford white 
cedar. The headquarters of the company's opera- 
tions are at Marshfield, on Coos Bay. The log- 
ging in the Coos Bay country is done under the 
name of the Smith-Powers Logging Company, a 
$900,000 corporation. The total output of logs 
since the camp was established has reached up- 
wards of almost a billion feet. In 1907, Mr. Smith 
acquired the Dean mill at Marshfield. Oregon, 
and in 190S he completed a big new mill. It was 
then, owing to the delay in the completion of a 
branch railroad into Marshfield, that he began to 
look about for some way to get the output of the 
mills on the cars for shipment to the trade. After 
looking over numerous sites, he decided that Bay 
Point, near San Francisco, would be the most ad- 
vantageous place on the coast for a shipping 
point. In the spring of 190S, Mr. Smith bought 
the Cunningham ranch tract and the Neely-French 
ranch tract, with a total of over 1500 acres and a 
mile and a half tidewater frontage at Bay Point. On 
part of this 1500 acres have been established the 
Bay Point plant and the prosperous village of Bay 
Point. At Bay Point, Mr. Smith has established 
what is probably one of the most complete and 
model lumber milling and warehousing plants in 
the United States. In addition to a planing mill, 
equipped with every modern device known to the 
industry, box factories, warehouses and shipping 
yards have been established on a large scale and 
in such a way that the height of economical ad- 
ministration has been achieved. Mr. Smith has 
also established there a splendid hotel, hospital 
and outdoor sport facilities for the men employed 
in the various branches of the business. Every 
comfort is to be found in the three-story hotel. 
Five beds are maintained in the hospital and the 
best of medical care and attention is given those 
in need of it. 

To connect the logging operations at Coos Bay 
with the distributing plant in California, Mr. 
Smith lost no time in acquiring fast freight boats. 
The first was the Nann Smith (named for Mr. 
Smith's eldest daughter). This vessel was built 
on Mr. Smith's order at Newport News, Va., and 
brought around the Horn. Later the steamship 
Redondo was secured and later the Adeline Smith 
(named after his second daughter). These three 
vessels make the round trip from Coos Bay in 
four to six days, and run practically throughout 
the entire year. 

In Oregon Mr. Smith built a pulp mill that 
marks a new departure in the paper-making in- 
dustry in the United States. The first sheet of 
pulp was made November 17, 1913, of the slash- 
ings of Oregon fir and refuse from the Coos Bay 
mills. With the utilization of the mill refuse by 
the latest devices known to the pulp industry, Mr. 
Smith makes a large saving in the cost of manu- 
facturing this product. This is one of the most 
notable achievements of his career. 

Mr. Smith is responsible for what is probably 
one of the most important innovations that have 
ever been made to aid the lumber industry. He 
has established and maintains a department of 
practical and scientific forestry under the super- 
vision of a scientific forester, who looks after the 
preservation of the forests owned by the Smith in- 
terests and the possibilities of a reproduction of 
the timber. Under the supervision of this depart- 
ment several trees in every acre are marked as 
seed trees to be left standing when the work of 
cutting down the timber is begun. At Marshfield 
a small nursery is maintained for experi- 
mental purposes, with the view of ascertain- 
ing just how quickly the different kinds of trees 
reproduce under certain conditions of climate and 

As a lumberman, Mr. Smith has always been 
prominent and has been signally honored in the 
higher councils of the industry. He has been 
vice president of the National Lumber Manufac- 
turers' Association and a member of its board of 
governors. For years he was active as an offi- 
cer and director in the Mississippi Valley Lum- 
bermen's Association. 

Despite his vast private interests, Mr. Smith 
has found time to be a patron of the arts, a spir- 
ited public citizen, a philanthropist, a church sup- 
porter and an active participant in public affairs. 
In 1S96 he was Presidential elector from Minne- 
sota, chosen to carry to the national capital that 
State's vote for McKinley and Hobart. He also 
served as a delegate to the convention that nomi- 
nated McKinley and Roosevelt. He has been a 
member of the general council of the Lutheran 
Church since 1909. He served two terms as Re- 
gent of the University of Minnesota, one of the 
highest offices in the gift of the Governor of that 
State. In recognition of services he rendered the 
sons of Sweden in the United States, he has been 
signally honored by the King of Sweden, having 
been created a Commander of the First Degree, 
Order of Vasa. He is well known among the 
Scandinavians of this country for his generosity 
to numerous schools and churches. 

Mr. Smith is a member of the Minneapolis, 
Commercial and Odin Clubs of Minneapolis, and 
the Athenian and Claremont Clubs of Oakland, 



ROBINSON, PRANK N E A L L, Physician, 
Monrovia, California, was born in Camden, 
New Jersey, May 30, 1874, the son of He- 
ber Chase Robinson and Martha Neely 
(Taylor) Robinson. He married Mary Beatrice 
Martin, of Trenton, New Jersey, at Azusa, Califor- 
nia, June 4, 1909. Dr. Robinson is descended 
from an old American family, his maternal great- 
grandfather having been Captain of the First Foot 
Infantry of Philadelphia, who saw service with 
"Mad Anthony" Wayne at 
the historic battle of Brandy- 

Dr. Robinson attended the 
public schools of Camden un- 
til 1SS5, then entered the 
Friends' School of that city. 
In 1887 he became a student 
at the Friends' Central 
School in Philadelphia, and 
upon the completion of his 
course in 1890, took a pre- 
paratory medical course at 
the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, Philadelphia. In 1891, 
he enrolled in the Medical 
Department of the Univer- 
sity and was graduated in 
the class of 1895 with the 
degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine, with honorable men- 
tion for his Thesis. 

Following his graduation, 
Dr. Robinson served for a 
brief period as Assistant in 
the Genito-Urinary Depart- 
ment of the University of 
Pennsylvania Hospital and PRANK XEALL 
left that to become Assist- 
ant to Professor McClure in the Wills Eye Hos- 
pital of Philadelphia. He remained in that 
capacity for a year and then became Assistant 
to Professor Gibbs, throat and ear specialist, 
serving for a year. During the years 1896, 1897 
and 1898, Doctor Robinson held the post of 
Surgeon of the Nose and Throat Department 
of the Camden City Dispensary, and, in 1N99, was 
elected Coroner of Camden County, New Jersey. 

Dr. Robinson held the office of Coroner until 
1902, at which time he was elected a member of 
the Camden City Council and he served his section 
of the city for about five years, giving up his of- 
fice in 1907 when he moved to California. 

For two years after his location in Southern 
California, Dr. Robinson was the Assistant Medical 
Director of the Pottenger Sanitarium, and in this 
capacity made a place for himself among the lead- 
ing physicians of the Southwest. For several 
years prior to his removal from New Jersey, he 
had been among those scientists who devoted a 
great deal of time to the study of tuberculosis 

and, during the years 1906 and 1907, served as 
Vice President of the New Jersey Society for the 
Relief and Prevention of Tuberculosis. 

Upon leaving the Sanitarium in 1909, Dr. Rob- 
inson established private practice in Monrovia and 
since that time has specialized in the treatment 
of tuberculosis and gastro-intestinal diseases, in 
both cf which branches he is considered an au- 

Aside from his professional work, Dr. Rob- 
inson is a deep student and 
a persistent seeker for 
knowledge. In 1899, four 
years after he had begun his 
professional career, he went 
to Europe for post-graduate 
work, studying for a time 
under Nothnagle, Von Neus- 
ser, Politzer and Wieder- 
hofer in Vienna. Later he 
studied at the Pasteur Insti- 
tute in Paris, and in 1903 
again returned to Europe. 
On this visit he studied with 
Franz Winkle, of Munich, ex- 
pert in obstetrics, and during 
the same year spent some 
time in hospitals of Berlin 
in the study of internal medi- 

Devoted to his work, Dr. 
Robinson has been a prolific 
writer on medical topics and 
has been a liberal contribu- 
tor to the scientific journals. 
His writings have dealt prin- 
cipally with tuberculosis and 
ROBINSON M D liave l)een K' ven publication 
in the Monthly Cyclopedia 
and Medical Bulletin, Medical Review, of St. Louis, 
Dietetic and Hygienic Gazette, of New York, and 
the Southern California Practitioner, the organ of 
the Southern California Medical Society. 

In addition to his medical practice. Dr. Robin- 
son has taken an active interest in the development 
of the resources of California, and in the promo- 
tion of his adopted town. Monrovia. 

His outside interests include various corpora- 
tions, in which he is represented as stockholder 
or officer, devoted to the development of real 
estate or oil. Among others he is Director of the 
Midway Basin Oil Company. 

Dr. Robinson's professional affiliations include 
honorary membership in the Philadelphia Medical 
Society, Camden County and City Medical So- 
cieties, and membership in the I-os Angeles County 
Medical Society and the Medical Society of the 
State of California. He is also ex-President of the 
Foothill Medical Society. 

He is ;i member of the University club, Los 
Angeles, and the San Gabriel Valley Country Club. 



HOOD. WILLIAM, Chief Engineer of 
the Southern Pacific Company, San 
Francisco, California, was born at 
Concord, New Hampshire, February 4, 1846, 
the son of Joseph Edward Hood and Maria 
(Savage) Hood. I lis ancestors, who were 
chiefly English, with a blend of Scotch, were 
among the early settlers of New England, 
his father's family choosing Massachusetts, 
a n (1 his mother's peo- 
ple Vermont, as their 
respective places of 
residence. Joseph E. 
Hood, a graduate of 
D a r t in o u t h. with the 
class of '41. was a well- 
known journalist in Xew 
England, and for sixteen 
years an editorial writer 
of the Springfield Repub- 
lican. Coming of clean, 
wholesome stock, on both 
sides of the house. \\ il- 
liam Hood has evidently 
inherited the essentially 
New England character- 
istics of energy, ambition, 
and conscientious devo- 
tion to the w o r k in 

From the time he was 
eight years old to the out- 
break of the Civil War he 
attended public schools in 
Boston and in Springfield. 
Massachusetts. Xot long 
after the beginning of 
hostilities he enlisted as 
a private soldier in Company A. 46th Regi- 
ment. Massachusetts Volunteers, and not only 
carried, but also fired a musket, through the 
war. until shortly after the battle of Gettys- 
burg. He then returned home to complete his 
education. Though he had been prepared for 
the academic course, his ambition to be an 
engineer prompted him to enter a scientific 
school. Choosing the B. S. Chandler Scien- 
tific School of Dartmouth, he studied there 
until 1867, and in May of the same year be- 
gan his professional career in California, 
with a field engineering party, in the employ 
of the Central Pacific Railroad Company. 

Beginning as an axeman, he rose in a few 
months to the post of assistant engineer of 
the Central Pacific, at that time building the 
road, with Chinese labor, between Cisco and 
Truckee. Ninety-one and a half miles had 
been completed to Cisco, and after the twen- 


i\ seven and seven-tenths miles were finished 
to Truckee the construction moved rapidly 
toward Salt Lake. In May, 1869, the Central 
Pacific rails met those of the Union Pacific 
on Promontory Mountain, Utah. Mr. Hood 
then retucned to the Sacramento Valley and 
began work on the road which the Central 
Pacific was building from Marysville. Cali- 
fornia, to Ashland. Oregon. From that time 
up to the present, while 
constructing many 
thousands of mile s of 
road, he has held these 
positions : 1875-83, 
Chief Assistant Engi- 
neer of the Central Pa- 
cific ; f r o m June to 
October 10, 1883, Chief 
Assistant Engineer of the 
Southern Pacific: 1883- 
85, Chief Engineer of the 
C. P. : and is now Chief 
Engineer of the Southern 
Pacific Company. 

Among his especially 
in iteworthy achievements, 
under Mr. Harriman's 
control, is the reconstruc- 
tion of the Central Pacific 
between Reno, Nevada, 
and Ogdeu. Utah, includ- 
ing the Ogden and Lucin 
cut-oft', across Great Salt 
Lake. He is now busy 
on the double track be- 
tween Sacramento and 
Ogden and on the road 
now building from a point 
opposite Mt. Shasta, California, to Natron, 
Oregon, by way of Klamath Lake, as well as 
on sundry other railroad construction. Mr. 
Hood's reputation as a constructive en- 
gineer is too well known to require com- 
ment. His remarkable sense and memory 
for detail, topography and other essentials 
of success have caused his associates to 
regard him as a "law unto himself." But 
though strictly an engineer, in all that term 
implies, he is not above riding a hobby or 
two. Chief among these is his recreation of 
tramping in the hills and making studies, 
with his camera, in black and white, and in 
color photography. He is a member of the 
American Society of Civil Engineers and the 
American Association for the Advancement 
of Science. His clubs are: Pacific-Union, Bo- 
hemian and Olympic of San Francisco. Cali- 
fornia and Jonathan of Los Angeles. 



italist, Los Angeles, California, was 
born at Walnut Prairie. Clark County, 
Illinois, July 26, 1843. His lather was 
Charles Drake and his mother before her 
marriage was Mahala lane Jeter. His pa- 
ternal line traces hack t" the gallant com- 
mander. Sir Francis Drake. Mr. Drake's 
wife was Mrs. Kate Astrea Seeley. whom 
he married in Tucson, 
Arizona, April 30, 1890; 
as issue of this marriage 
is Marguerite Rivers 
Drake. Mr. Drake has 
been twice married, his 
first wife having been 
Agripine Moreno, whom 
he married in Tucson, 
Arizona, in July of 1872. 
Of this union were burn 
Jean G., William Lord, 
Albert Garfield, Eliza- 
beth Jane and Pinita Riv- 
ers Drake. 

Mr. Drake had a pub- 
lic school education and 
at an early age began 
his conquest of fortune, 
which he soon achieved. 
1 le is a man whose 
name is synonymous with 
the upbuilding of the 
West, particularly of Ari- 
zi ma. 

Mr. Drake began his 
business life by qualify- 
ing as drug clerk, which 
occupation he filled until 1863, when he en- 
tered the United State- Navy, volunteer ser 
vice, beginning with the post of acting mas- 
ter's mate in the War of the Rebellion, 1863 
t>' 1865. During his enlistment he served in 
the Mississippi Squadron under Admiral D. 
1). Porter. At the end of the war he re- 
signed and re-entered hi- former occupation 
in New York. Later he was made hospital 
steward in the United States Army service, 
and was assigned to duty under General 
(rook, then commanding the Department of 
Arizona, where in 1X71 he was stationed at 
Fort Lowell, Tucson. In 1875 lie retired to 
civil life and took up his residence at Tucson, 
where he was made Assistant Postmaster 
ami Assistant United States Depositary un 
t.l L880. In 1881 he was elected County Re- 
corder of Pima County, and was again chosen 
for that office in 1883. During those years 


he conducted a general insurat 


and real estate business throughout Arizona. 
While conducting his insurance and brok- 
erage business, Colonel Drake was appointed 
by President Harrison to the office of Re- 
ceiver of Public Money- at the U. S. Land 
Office in Tucson. During his residence of 
thirty years in Arizona he filled innumerable 
political positions including two elections to 
the Territorial Senate and as President of 
that bod} . 

In 1893 Colonel Drake 
organized the famous firm 
in the Si iuthw e-t i if X' >r- 
ton & Drake, as-ociating 
himself with the late 
Major John II. Norton. 
This concern undertook 
labor contract- for the 
Southern Pacific 
pany and through that 
business and numerous 
other investments Colonel 
Drake amassed a reason- 
able fortune and moved to 
Los Angeles in 1900 with 
the intention of living a 
retired life but he saw so 
many opportunities for 
his talents that he found 
it hard to break away 
from his life training and 
as a result has continued 
in active business life. 

I H- principal effi irts 
since moving to Los An- 
geles have been along 
lines of development in 
and about Long Peach, the popular and sub- 
stantial beach city. Through his investments 
he has become one of the most vitally inter- 
e-ted men in the upbuilding of that city. 

Since locating in Los Angeles Colonel 
Drake ha- become president, general man- 
ager anil director of the Seaside Water Com 
pany. and occupies the -ante positions with 
the Sau Pedro Water Company, the Long 
I [each Bath I b >use and Vmusemem 
pany and the Seaside Investment ( ompany, 
the corporation which own- and operate- the 
great Virginia Hotel of Long Beach, which is 
undoubtedly the finest example of a beach 
hotel i >n the Pacific ( !i iast. 

Me is a member of the California Club, 
l.o- Angeles Country Club. Chamber of Com- 
merce i if I .i ■- Vngeles, * ihamber • if ( < immerce 
of Long Beach, Motel Virginia Country Club, 
Order of Elks, Knights of Pythias, Odd Fel- 
lows and Ancient ( >rder <<\ United Workmen. 




torney-at-Law, Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia, was born in Chicago, Illinois, 
April 13, 1872. liis father was D. M. Mc- 
Garry and his mother Margaret (McCaugh- 
an) McGarry. He married Mary Evaline 
Quinlan, May 13, 1898. Their children are 
Florence, Paul, Madeline and Evaline. 

Mr. McGarry spent his childh 1 in 

Chicago, where his father 
was a large coal operator. 
Later the elder McGarry 
became a conspicuous fig- 
ure in the life of Los An- 
geles. He was active in 
politics and served two 
terms in the City Council, 
during which time nu- 
merous measures for the 
improvement of the city 
were put into effect. He 
also was a director of the 
Los Angeles Chamber of 
Commerce, an organiza- 
tion of civic upbuilders, 
and was on the Board of 
Directors of the First 
National Bank of Los 

Mr. McGarry's educa- 
tion was a careful one. 
covering a period of many 
years, and obtained on 
both sides of the Atlantic 
Ocean. He began in the 
All Saints School of Chi- 
cago, but his parents de- 
ciding to go West he was compelled, when 
a lad of nine, to halt his studies. His fam- 
ily settled in Los Angeles in 1881 and 
there the boy was placed in St. Vincent's 
College, one of the leading educational in- 
stitutions of the West. He studied there 
for several years, in preparation for college 
and then went to Ireland, where he became 
a student at the Clongowes Wood College, 
County Kildare. In 1890 he returned to 
the United States and enrolled in Notre 
Dame University, Xotre Dame, Indiana. 
There he remained until 1894, when he re- 
ceived the A. M. degree from St. Vincent's 

Mr. McGarry was admitted to the Bar at 
South Bend, Indiana, in the same month of 
his graduation from Xotre Dame Univer- 
sity and to the California Bar, October 9, 
of the same year. He began practice at 
Los Angeles where he has continued since. 


He has always been a stanch Democrat 
in politics and has played a prominent part 
in numerous campaigns in Los Angeles. He 
has served twice as a member of the Park 
Commission of Los Angeles and once as a 
member of the Fire Board. His first term as 
a member of the Park Commission was under 
Mayor Snyder and later he acted under 
Mayor McAleer. While he was on the 
Park Commission, numer- 
ous improvements were 
made in the park system 
of the city, .Mr. McGarry 
having proposed and 
pushed through to com- 
pletion the installation of 
city water in the South 
Park District. As a fire 
commissioner Mr. Mc- 
Garry instigated many 
reforms and helped others 
to adoption, with the re- 
sult that Los Angeles to- 
day is freer from fire than 
any other city of its size 
in the United States. 

Mr. .McGarry still is 
active in politics in Los 
Angeles, and has always 
been an advocate of good 
government in city and 

Mr. McGarry has pur- 
sued a general legai 
practice and has scored 
many notable successes. 
Most of his work has 
been in Los Angeles and vicinity. He has 
also been an active factor in real estate de- 
velopment and is president of the McGarry 
Realty Company of Los Angeles. 

He is a man of strong personality: an 
assiduous scholar, fond of good literature and 
is an authority on Shakespeare. He is a 
deep student of history. 

He is pro m i n e n 1 1 y identified with 
many of the larger clubs and legal organi- 
zations of Southern California, and is an 
active lodge man. He is a charter mem- 
ber of the Newman Club, belongs to the 
Chamber of Commerce and was Past Ex- 
alted Ruler of the B. P. O. Elks, No. 99, 
Los Angeles. He is a member of the 
Knights of Columbus, and at one time was 
its Lecturer; was twice State President 
of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, of the 
State of California, and is a member of the 
County and State Bar Associations. 



HAMPTON, WILLIAM E., Manufacturer, 
Los Angeles, California, was born in 
Illinois, August 18, 1852. His father 
was William Edward Hampton and his 
mother Matilda M. (Eastin) Hampton. He 
was married to Frances Wilhoit of Charles- 
ton, Illinois, in the private chapel of the 
Sisters of Providence in Indianapolis, In- 
diana, by the Right Reverend Francis 
Silas Chatard, D. D., Bishop of Vincennes. 

At the age of fifteen years 
he began his first work in 
the wholesale and retail gro- 
c e r y of Wright-Minton & 
Co., of Charleston, Illinois. 
After working in this estab- 
lishment for three years he 
became the traveling agent 
and cashier for the commis- 
sion house of C. P. Troy & 
Co., of New York, remaining 
in this position until 1876. 

At this time he returned 
to Charleston, Illinois, and 
established the dry goods 
house of Ray & Hampton. In 
1879 Mr. Hampton purchased 
the entire interest of his 
partner and continued in the 
dry goods business in his 
own name very successfully 
until 1886, when he retired 
and moved to the Pacific 
Coast, and, after living a re- 
tired life and traveling for 
two years, moved to San 

In 1890 he built a factory 
in San Francisco for the 
manufacture of patent non-shrinking wooden tanks, 
and this was the birth of an industry which he has 
built up until today it is the largest manufacturing 
concern of its kind in the world. He managed and 
conducted the original business for two years in the 
name of "W. E. Hampton" and then changed the 
name of the business to "Pacific Tank Co.. W. E. 
Hampton, Proprietor," and continued the business 
under this name for eleven years, having estab- 
lished branches and agencies throughout the 
Pacific Coast States and then had the business in- 
corporated under the name of "Pacific- Tank Com- 
pany," Mr. Hampton retaining the presidency and 
active management of the business. 

In 1898 Mr. Hampton decided to make his home 
in Los Angeles, moved his residence to this city 
and built a factory for the manufacture of his 
product. In 1904 he built another factory at Olym- 
pia, Washington, and when this was destroyed by 
file in 1909, he built a factory in Portland, Oregon, 
giving him a chain of factories in San Francisco, 
Los Angeles and Portland, Oregon, from which he 


ships his product to all parts of the world. In 
1900 Mr. Hamilton purchased the controlling in- 
terest of the California Redwood Pipe Company 
and organized as its successor the National Wood 
Pipe Company. A year later he branched out into 
the manufacturing and contracting business on a 
larger scale in Los Angeles, organizing the Pacific 
Coast Planing Mill Company, built a large factory 
and took the active management of this company. 
In 1906, the year of the great fire in San Fran- 
cisco, Mr. Hampton pur- 
chased the stock and busi- 
ness of the Mercantile Box 
Company of that city, reor- 
ganized it and built the plant 
which he still owns and op- 
erates on Berry street in San 

In 1909 the business of 
the Pacific Tank Company 
and the National Wood 
Pipe Company was con- 
solidated under the cor- 
porate name of "Pacific Tank 
& Pipe Company," the com- 
bined business now being 
under Mr. Hampton's per- 
sonal management, and he is 
today President and General 
Manager of the manufactur- 
ing companies which he has 
established, Pacific Tank & 
Pipe Company, Pacific Coast 
Planing Mill Company, Na- 
tional Wood Pipe Company 
and Mercantile Box Com- 
pany, with offices and fac- 
tories in San Francisco, Los 
Angeles and Portland, Ore- 
gon. He also holds directorships in the following 
companies and organizations: Los Angeles Trust 
and Savings Bank, Olympia National Bank, Asso- 
ciated Jobbers of Los Angeles, Municipal League of 
Los Angeles, Columbus Club of Los Angeles, and is 
President of the Industrial Realty Company of Los 
Angeles. He holds a similar position with the Fac- 
tory Site Company, and is Vice President of the 
Tidings Publishing Company. 

At the present time he is a member of the Spe- 
cial Harbor Committee of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, which has in its hands the future of the 
Los Angeles Harbor. This committee is working 
in conjunction with the civic authorities on plans 
by which they hope to make it one of the most 
Important ports to be engaged in world trade with 
the completion ol the Panama Canal. 

Mr. Hampton is Past Qrand Knight of the 

Knights of Columbus of Los Angeles, ami is a mem- 
ber of the California, Jonathan, Newman. Colum- 
bus and Gamut Clubs of Los Angeles and of the 
Los Angeles Country Club. 



, \Y. F. HOLT 



Redlands, California, was born in Mer- 
cer County, Missouri, January 18, 1864, 
the son or James Holt and Nancy (Brant- 
ley) Koit. He married Fannie Jones at Gait, 
Missouri, August 16, 1885, and to them were born 
two daughters, Chloe and Catharine Holt. 

Mr. Holt, who was born on a (arm, was a 
hard worker in his youth and the only school- 
ing he received was a few months' attend- 
ance at the country schools each winter. He re- 
mained on the farm until he was twenty-one years 
of age, when he decided to go into business for 

His first venture, a general merchandise estab- 
lishment in a small Missouri town, proved un- 
successful financially, but in the five years he 
was thus engaged he acquired a valuable fund of 
knowledge as to business affairs and when he 
sold out his store was well equipped for subse- 
quent efforts. He next went into the banking 
business in Missouri and conducted his bank for 
four years very successfully. He determined to 
leave Missouri, however, and in 1892, after sell- 
ing out his bank, went to Colorado, where he 
worked for a few years in the employ of a large 
manufacturing concern. 

Upon severing his connection with this house, 
Mr. Holt went to Southeastern Arizona and estab- 
lished banking houses at Safford and Globe. He 
became one of the leading business men in both 
of these places and during the four years he op- 
erated there was regarded as one of the most suc- 
cessful and enterprising men of the section. 

In 1900 he sold out his Arizona interests and 
moved to Redlands, California, where he began 
a career of development that has placed him among 
the wealthiest men of the section and fixed him 
as one of the most effective modern upbuilders who 
have ever operated in California or any other part 
of the West. He became interested in the famous 
Imperial Valley of California with his arrival at 
Redlands and immediately began the work of pla- 
cing it among the great producing sections of the 
country. Being possessed of considerable wealth, 
a wonderful business experience and unlimited en- 
ergy, he embarked in a work, which, at the end of 
twelve years, stands out sharply in the history of 
Western development. 

He has not confined his activities to banking, 
or any other single line of progress, but has en- 
gaged in a general career of upbuilding which in- 
cludes practically all phases of modern industry, 
both agricultural and manufacturing. He saw early 
the possibilities of the valley and the necessity 
for a railroad and undertook the building of the 
first line ever projected to that fertile section of 
California. He was really the tirst man to appre- 
ciate tin' value of Imperial Valley, but it was not 
long before the eyes of others were opened, and 
before he had his railroad completed the Southern 
Pacific Company made him an otter for it which 
he could in • ignore and he sold the lini'. 

Assured that the railroad would be put through 
and the country opened up to settlement and de- 
velopment, Mr. Holt then turned his attention to 
other lines ami there stand today, as monuments 
to his work, scores of prosperous enterprises begun 
by him. lie organized live banks in the Bve prin- 
cipal towns of Imperial Valley ami. with his pre- 
vious experience in this field, placed all of them 
upon a paying basis within a very short time He 

also led in the organization of numerous business 
enterprises, including the organization of i tele- 

phone company and the construction of a telephone 
system throughout the valley. 

Mr Holt, in due time, started several newspa- 
pers, which advertised to the world the advantages 
of the Imperial Valley, and, as in all of his other 
ventures, took an active part in the management 
and diiection of them. He established several 
dairies and built creameries, which are today sup- 
plying a large part of the dairy products consumed 
in Los Angeles and other parts of California, and. 
when the lands began to produce fruits and other 
crops in abundance, he built a number of packing 
houses. Here the products of the valley are pre- 
pared for shipment to the outside world, canta- 
loupes being the chief of them. 

As the country grew in population Mr. Holt in- 
stalled other utilities, including the Holton Inter- 
urban Railway, which crosses the valley. He also 
built electric lighting plants in the Ave leading 
towns of the section, and supplemented these with 
gas and power plants, so that the residents of 
Imperial Valley, living in a beautiful country, enjoy- 
all the comforts of the modern city. He caused 
the installation of adequate water systems and also 
laid out and supervised the construction of a splen- 
did system of highways which make travel easy 
and pleasant and compare favorably with any road- 
ways in the country. 

Several years ago it will be remembered, the 
Colorado River broke its banks and cut a new chan- 
nel, and for two years or so poured its waters in 
the Salton Sink, ultimately forming what is now 
known as "Salton Sea," a great inland body of 
water approximately fifty miles long, fifteen miles 
wide and 100 feet deep at its central point. It was 
finally turned back into its channel by a wonder- 
ful piece of engineering work, done under the di- 
rection of Col. Epes Randolph of the Southern 
Pacific Railroad Company, and after more than a 
million dollars had been expended in vain efforts. 

This break came at a time when the vast work 
of reclamation and improvement in the Imperial 
Valley, headed by Mr. Holt, was gaining its great- 
est momentum and untold damage was done to the 
section. Only the ultimate checking of the river 
prevented the complete destruction of this valley, 
which is now one of the most remarkable sections 
in the United States, if not in the world, where 
the desert has been transformed into ranches, and 
thriving cities. Mr. Holt, perhaps, was the great- 
est loser in that disastrous period, but he did not 
reckon on his losses as much as he did those of 
the settlers who had been attracted to the country, 
and he devoted himself tirelessly to rebuilding 
where the flood had wrought ruin. 

The break of the Colorado, together with the 
part played in its repair and the upbuilding of t In- 
Imperial Valley, was made the climatic feature 
of the remarkable story written by Harold Bell 
Wright, himself a resident of the valley, under 
the title of "The Winning of Barbara Worth." In 
this work. Mr. Wright has painted a wonderful 
picture of the Imperial Valley and the mosl com 
manding figure of the story, a hanker named "Jef- 
ferson Worth," is generally supposed to have i a 

drawn from the life of Mr. Holt The author, in 
his foreword, dedicated the work to Mr. Holt in the 
following terms: 

"I'n iii \ friend. Mr \v I' Holt, in appreciation of hN 

i ol in- swork In th. Impi rial Valley, this 

ied " 

Those familiar with the career of Mr Molt in 

the imperial Valley recognize him in the charac- 
ter of "Jefferson Worth" at once, for in various 

21 N ■ 


places in the story the author has sketched his 
character with the utmost faithfulness. Early in 
the story he shows the kindly side of his charac- 
ter, when the banker adopts the infant Barbara, 
a waif of the desert, and as the story goes on, he 
shows in turn the man's genius for finance, his 
power as an organizer and his influence for the 
upbuilding of the country. 

Interwoven in the story of Barbara Worth is 
that of the winning of the desert and of a battle 
between two great financial powers, one headed 
by "Jefferson Worth," the other by an Eastern 
magnate, and the description of the first stages of 
the reclamation work is a fair statement of the 
idea in Mr. Holt's mind when he first went into 
Imperial Valley. The author says: 

"Lving within the lines of the ancient Ijeacli anil 
thus below the level of the great liver, were hundreds oJ 
thousands "i acres equal in richness of soil to the famous 
delta lands of the Nile. The bringing of water from the 
river anil its distribution through a system of canals and 
ditch.-, while a work of great magnitude i ■■■ i'i 1 1 u iu the 
expenditure of large sums of money, was. as an engineer- 
ing problem, comparatively simple. 

••As .letl'erson Worth gazed at the wonderful scene, 
a vision of the changes thai were to come to that land 
passed before him. lie saw first, following the nearly 
finished work of the engineers, an army of men beginning 
at the river and pushing out into the desert with their 
canals, bringing with them the life-giving water. Soon, 
with the coming of the water, would begin the coming 
of the settlers. Hummocks would be leveled, washes and 
ariovos tilled, ditches would be made to the company s 
canals, and in place of the thin growth ot gray-green 
desert vegetation with the ragged patches ot dun earth 
would come great fields of luxuriant alfalfa, billowing 
acres of grain, with miles upon miles of orchards, vine- 
yards and moves. The fierce desert life would give way 
to the herds and flocks and home life of the farmer. 
The railroads would stretch its steel strength into this 
new world: towns and cities would come to be where 
now was only solitude and desolation: and out from this 
world-old treasure house vast wealth would pour to 
enrich the peoples of the earth." 

These things have actually come to pass, and 
Mr. Holt was the chief factor in bringing them 

Closely following the above quoted passage, the 
author wrote a brief resume of the forces that had 
gone towards the conquering of the West prior to 
the advent of "Jefferson Worth," and also included 
a brief biography of the man which corresponds 
closely with that of Mr. Holt. Then follows a 
clearly drawn pen picture of the character of the 
subject, one part of which reads: 

"Business, to this man. as to many of his kind, was 
not the mean, sordid grasping and hoarding of money. It 
was his profession, but it was even more than a profes 
sion : it was the expression of his genius. Still more it 
was. through him, the expression of the age in which he 
lived, the expression of the master passion that in all ages 
had wrought in the making of the race." 

This, too, is a fair summary of the business 
motives of Mr. Holt, whose talents and resources 
have been used in the development of the vast 
country to be aided in upbuilding after having 
worked his own way from the station of farmboy 
to that of financier. 

In the working out of Mr. Wright's story of the 
financing of the many commercial and industrial 
projects incident to the reclamation and upbuild- 
ing of the Imperial Valley the works of Mr. Holt 
are closely paralleled and the author paints in 
picturesque colors the dramatic part played by the 
banker during the trying period of inundation 
which seriously threatened to ruin all that had 
been accomplished. 

Needless to say, Mr. Holt is an extensive owner 
of real estate and agricultural lands in the Im- 
perial Valley, but he has conducted this end of 
his enterprises with as much regard for the gen- 
eral good and growth of the country as for his 
own profit. For instance, he built more than fifty 

brick business buildings in the various towns of 
the valley and rented them at moderate rates in 
order to encourage the establishment of good 
business houses and thus add to the general im- 
provement of conditions. 

This tells but briefly of the work done by Mr. 
Holt in behalf of the Imperial Valley, but serves 
to show the extent of his activities and the fact 
that he was the chief spirit in the building of this 
great section, installing all the improvements 
necessary to the development of a new country. 

The Imperial Valley, however, has not been the 
only place where he has built for progress, for in 
the Palo Verde and Coachella valleys he has also 
operated to a large extent. As in the case of the 
former, he has helped to give to these two last 
named sections the benefits of modern invention 
and is today one of the most active factors in the 
work of improving them. 

The development of Imperial Valley, however, 
and the successful operations of new business en- 
terprises he considers the principal part of his life 
work. Having begun life as a farmer, he is an 
expert on agricultural matters and has done a 
great deal to make the lands of his particular 
section produce crops in abundance. 

Mr. Holt's one object since locating in Cali- 
fornia has been to place its fertile valleys in a posi- 
tion where they will not only compare favorably 
with the agricultural sections of other parts of the 
world, but excel them. Development work has 
been almost a passion with him and he has had 
little time for interests other than those which 
fitted in with his general plans for improving the 
country and populating it. For this reason he has 
never taken much part in politics, and, although 
he could probably have any office within the gift 
of the people of his section, he has never sought 
nor held public position. 

Mr. Holt today ranks among the leading finan- 
ciers of Southern California and has been the 
organizer of numerous corporations which have 
proved successful. He is President of seven of 
these, an officer in various others and holds stock 
in scores of others. The corporations in which he 
holds the office of President include the Holton 
Power Company, the Holton Interurban Railway 
Company, Imperial Valley Gas Company, Coachella 
Valley Ice and Electric Company, Seeley Township 
Company and the Los Angeles Fire Insurance Com- 

In all of these enterprises Mr. Holt is the ex- 
ecutive force and he takes an active part in the 
affairs of each. Owing to his wide experience in 
various lines of business, he is exceptionally well 
qualified to handle the affairs of these companies 
and it is due, in great measure, to his ability as 
an organizer and business manager that they have 
proved successful. 

Although he has accomplished in a few years 
as much in the way of progress as many other 
men have in a lifetime of effort, Mr. Holt, who 
still is in the prime of life and possessed of won- 
derful vigor, has plans for further development 
work which will keep him in active business life 
for many years to come. Unlike many men of 
accomplishment, his chief characteristic is an ex- 
treme modesty, which has prevented his work from 
being generally known, although he enjoys a busi- 
ness standing equal to that of any man on the 
Pacific Coast. 

He is not a clubman as the term is generally 
used, but is a prominent figure in fraternal cir- 
cles, being a member of the Masons, Knights 
Templar and the Mystic Shrine. He also belongs 
to the Elks. 


Law, Phoenix, Arizona, was born in Peters- 
burg, Virginia, May 4, 1S6S, the son of 
General George Stoneman and Mary Oliver 
(Hardisty) Stoneman. He married Julia Short- 
ridge Hamm at Albuquerque, New Mexico, May 
29, 1901, and to them there have been born 
three children, Virginia Hardisty, George and 
Mary Lejeal Stoneman. Mr. Stoneman's father 
occupies a notable place in the history of the 
United States, especially as 
a statesman and soldier. 
He was graduated from 
West Point in the class 
of 1845 and shortly after 
receiving h i s commission 
was dispatched to Califor- 
nia, where he served in 
the Mexican border wars 
of that period. He had at- 
tained the rank of Brig- 
adier General at the out- 
break of the Civil War and 
was in charge of the or- 
ganization of the United 
States cavalry force for the 
memorable conflict. He 
served with distinction 
throughout the war and at 
its close was appointed Mil- 
itary Governor of Virginia, 
serving there until he was 
transferred to Wilmington 
as Commander of the Depart- 
ment of California. He was 
retired with the rank of Ma- 
jor General after service as 
Commander for four years 
and soon thereafter became 
a factor in State politics. He was a member of 
the first Railroad Commission chosen under the 
new State Constitution of California, and in 18S1 
was elected Governor, serving until 1887. On 
I lii- maternal side, Mr. Stoneman's ancestors served 
in the Revolution, one having been on Washing- 
ton's stall. 

George J. Stoneman received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of San Erancisco 
and studied law at the University of Michigan. 
II.- was graduated with the degree of L. L. 15. in 
the class of 1889. 

He went to Seattle. Washington, where he was 
admitted to the bar at once, and entered tin- office 
(if W. I. air Hill, noted as the annotator of the 
cod Of Washington. He remained in this office 
about a year, or until Mr. Hill took up his code 
work; then, through a combination of circum- 
stances, went into the newspaper business as a 
political reporter on the Seattle "Telegraph." He 
took an active part in politics ami in 1892 was 
elected city Clerk of Seattle, serving two years. 


Leaving office in May, 1S94, Mr. Stoneman was 
inactive for some time and traveled considerably. 
He spent ten months in Honolulu and upon leaving 
there went direct to Arizona. He first located at 
Winslow and practiced law there for about a year, 
then moved to Globe, in Gila County, where he 
was located for several years. He maintained a 
general practice there for about three years and 
in 1898 was elected District Attorney of the county. 
He was twice re-elected and served about five 
years in all, but resigned be- 
fore the completion of his 
third term in order to re- 
sume his private practice. 
He specialized in mining and 
corporation work and was 
one of the most active men 
of his profession as long as 
he continued there. In 1911, 
however, Mr. Stoneman de- 
cided to change his residence 
to Phoenix, the State Capi- 
tal, and opened offices in 
that city, where he has re- 
mained down to date. 

Since locating in Arizona 
Mr. Stoneman, who is a 
Democrat in his political af- 
filiations, has become one of 
the leading men in the legal 
fraternity and also has been 
active in the affairs of State. 
In 1909 he was chosen a 
member of the Arizona Rail- 
road Commission and served 
until the Territory was ad- 
mitted to Statehood. Al- 
though the power of the com- 
mission, during the territor- 
ial regime, was more or less negative, it succeeded, 
during Mr. Stoneman's term in office, in bringing 
about various reforms, the most important being 
a material reduction in freight rates. 

In 1907 Mr. Stoneman was chosen a member of 
the Board of Law Examiners. He also served 
as President of the Arizona Bar Association dur- 
ing the year 1910. 

Mr. Stoneman, during his residence in Phoenix, 
has been in partnership with Reese Ling, Demo- 
cratic National Committeeman from Arizona, under 
the linn nam.' of Stum-man and Ling, and together 
they have taken a prominent part in their party's 
affairs. He has served on various committees and 
in numerous conventions, ami was a delegate to the 
Democratic National Convention at Denver in Urns. 
Mr. Stoneman is a member of the Society of 
the Cincinnati of Maryland, is a Mason. Shriner 
and member of the Knights Templar Commandery; 
Past Exalted Ruler of the Kiks' lodge of Phoenix, 
and belongs to the Arizona club and Phoenix 
Countrj Club. 


cian and Surgeon, Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia, was born at Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, May 4, 1861, the son of Samuel 
J. Mattison and Kate (Jenning) Matti- 
son. He married Helen Blake, deceased, 
January 24. 1889. There is one child, 
Bessie Mattison, born December 12, 1890. 
Dr. Mattison is a descendant of a fam- 
ily that antedates the 
Revolution on both the 
paternal and the mater- 
nal side, and whose men 
have fought against the 
Indians, in the Revolu- 
tion, and Mexican and 
the Civil Wars. 

He was given a first 
class education in the 
schools thought best 
fitted for him. Zachary 
Taylor Pindell's. at An- 
napolis, Maryland, was 
his first school, and the 
Maryland Institute of 
Baltimore added to his 
knowledge. For training 
in the medical profession 
he sought the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons 
at Chicago, and there he 
received his degree as 
Doctor of Medicine. 

While he studied he 
worked and earned his 
way. After leaving the 
Mary land Institute he 
was given a job in his father's store in Balti- 
more. When he was twenty he struck out 
independently for himself and decided to go 
to Chicago. There he entered upon an ener- 
getic career. 

He went to work for the Pocket Railway 
Guide Company, and was made first assist- 
ant secretary. Later, as his knowledge of 
the business grew, he was made editor of 
the Guide. Meanwhile, he became a part 
owner in a drug store located in Chicago, 
and his interest in the concern naturally led 
to his study of medicine. It was then that 
he entered the College of Physicians and 
Surge >ns. 

After his graduation he located in Chicago 
and practiced both medicine and surgery 
from 1888 until 1808. when he moved to Pas- 
adena. He resumed his practice in that city, 
making a specialty of surgery, and is now 
recognized as one of the most efficient 


surgeons in the West. Not long after his 
arrival in Southern California he was of- 
fered the post of surgeon of the Southern 
Pacific Railway, which he accepted and still 

The State of California has honored him 
by an appointment as one of the State Board 
of Medical Examiners. He has been a mem- 
ber of the Public Health Commission ai the 
State of California, and 
he has acted as chairman 
of that organization. In 
this he was able to pro- 
mote what has always 
been one of his chief in- 
terests, the safeguarding 
of the public health. He 
has been for a number of 
years chairman of the 
Los Angeles County Milk 
Commission, and the 
work he has done in this 
connection has been a 
model of efficiency, and 
has attracted the atten- 
tion of the health depart- 
ments of the American 

The capital that he 
has accumulated in his 
industry he has invested 
in several substantial 
enterprises ; notable 
among these is the Pasa- 
dena Savings and Trust 
Company, one of the big 
institutions of the kind in 
the State, of which he is a director. He is 
accounted one of the financially solid men 
of Pasadena. He is a member and director 
of the Board of Trade. 

He is a member of all the more important 
medical associations, both local and national. 
Among them are the American Medical As- 
sociation, the California State Medical Asso- 
ciation, the Los Angeles County Medical As- 
sociation, the Pacific Association of Railway 
Surgeons, Clinical and Pathological Society, 
American Society for the Advancement of 
Science, the American Medical Milk Com- 

He is prominent in society and in the club 
life of Pasadena. He is president of the 
Overland Club of Pasadena ; member Los 
Angeles University Club; member Annan- 
dale Country Club, Valley Hunt Club, Tuna 
Club, and of others in Chicago and Southern 


21 1' I 

GURLEY, WILLIAM WIRT, Lawyer, Chicago, 
Illinois, was born at Mount Gilead, Ohio, 
January 27, 1851, the son of John J. and 
Anseville C. (Armentrout ) Gurley. He mar- 
ried Mary Eva, daughter of the late Hon. Joseph 
Turney of Cleveland, Ohio, October 30, 1S7S. The 
issue of the marriage is Helen Kathryn Gurley. 

Mr. Gurley secured his early education in the 
public schools of his native town, later entering 
Ohio Wesleyan University, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1870 with the degree of A. B. Immedi- 
ately after completing his college course he took 
up teaching and from that time until 1873, he fol- 
lowed this profession. In 1S71 he was made Su- 
perintendent of Public Schools at Seville, Ohio, 
which post he held until 1872. 

Shortly after he started teaching. Mr. Gurley 
began the study of law in his father's law office 
and in 1873 was admitted to practice law. He re- 
mained in Ohio until 1874, when he removed to 
Chicago, where he has been engaged in practice 
ever since. As a specialist in corporation law, 
Mr. Gurley has acquired prominence as one of the 
most skilled members of his profession in the 
United States. His work as counsel for Chicago 
traction companies has given his name an impor- 
tant place in the transportation history of Chicago. 
His first connection in this regard was when he 
became General Counsel for the Chicago and South 
Side Rapid Transit Railway Company (known as 
Alley L.), in 1888. The multiplicity of legal devel- 
opments that came with the demand for increased 
transportation facilities due to the great growth 
of Chicago came to him for unravelment and the 
present comprehensive system of street railways 
and elevated roads in Chicago owes much to his 
foresight and legal ability. 

Originally practically every street railway in 
the city of Chicago was under separate ownership. 
For a long time these lines did not have any inter- 
change of transfers. This brought down a deluge 
of criticism on the heads of the traction officials. 
It was while the city and traction heads were at- 
tempting to bring order out of this transportation 
chaos, that Mr. Gurley's services as counsel were 
in great demand. The vast amount of work in- 
volved in systematizing the different lines and 
bringing them into relation with one another cast 
a burden upon Mr. Gurley which he. at DO t i 1 1 i * - . 
attempted to evade and which he discharged with 
satisfaction to both the city and the street railway 

When the city passed its ordinance calling for 
the unification of the Union Traction Company 
with several outlying lines, Mr. Gurley was one of 
the lirst to take up the battle for bringing these 
outlying lines into acquiescence with the city's 
plan. When the plan was first proposed and la- 
ter when the ordinance was passed the prospect 

was for a long legal battle, tying up the traction 
situation. This was avoided largely through Mr. 
Gurley's efforts both in conference and in public 
hearings on the question. 

When the second and greater unification of all 
surface lines in Chicago was affected on February 
1, 1914, Mr. Gurley was chosen as General Counsel 
for the company and has continued in that ca- 
pacity, aiding in solving the many problems that 
have from time to time arisen in this connection. 
He has been largely instrumental in pointing out 
the way for continued amicable arrangements be- 
tween the traction companies and the city of 
Chicago. In the settlement of the arrangement 
whereby the city receives a percentage of the 
traction receipts he took an important and useful 

In addition to his work for the street railways, 
Mr. Gurley was until October, 1913, General Coun- 
sel for the Metropolitan West Side Elevated Rail- 
way Company. In the settlement of the contro- 
versy whereby the old loop system in Chicago was 
abolished and through trains were established, he 
was one of the principal factors. 

Mr. Gurley belongs to the type of American 
lawyer that has brought to the bar of this coun- 
try the fame it has achieved of possessing the 
most capable and analytical students of jurispru- 
dence modern times have known. Despite the 
fact that he is one of the busiest attorneys in the 
United States, he has always been a student of 
the law and, to this day, occupies the greater part 
of his spare time in his law library. As a citizen, 
he is one of the most approachable big men in the 
city of Chicago. Despite the austerity of his call- 
ing, he numbers among his friends men in every 
walk of life, any number of whom have shared 
his bounty and liberality. 

His legal services have for years been in de- 
mand by corporations both in Chicago and through- 
out the country. He has mastered the intricacies 
and complications of corporation law as few men 
in the United States. He has been intimately con- 
nected with the formation of a large number of 
concerns whose investments amount to millions of 
dollars. He is a Director of the Wakem & Mc- 
Laughlin Company, Stearns and Culver Lumber 
Company and the Baker Lumber Company, Lyon, 
Gary <*c Company. Bagdad Land and Lumber Com- 
pany and others. For years he has been identi- 
fied with the financial and industrial progress of 
Chicago and has won a place as a leader at the Il- 
linois bar. 

He is a Republican in politics, although he has 
never Bought tier held any political office. He is 
a member of tht Chicago 1'nion League, Exmoor 
Country, Chicago, Golf and Transportation Clubs 
of Chicago, and of the Ohio Societies of New Jforil 
and Chicago. 



President ami Treasurer Fresno Ir- 
rigated Farms Co.. San Francisco, 

Cal., was burn in Minneapolis, .Minn., July 
18. 1857, the son of Henry Hechtman ami 
Sophia K. (Weinell) Hechtman. His grand- 
father came to this country from Bavaria, 
first settled in Erie, Pannsylvania, hut sub- 
sequently moved to .Minneapolis, then known 
as St. Anthony Falls, and 
engaged in the real estate 
business. Mr. Hecht- 
man 's lather, a well- 
known soap manufacturer 
if .Minneapolis, was a 
member of the Territorial 
Legislature of 1857. The 
son went to California in 
1876, and in December, 
1880, was married at Mi- 
nersville to Miss Caroline 
Cooper. By this mar- 
riage he is the father of 
Judson O., born in 1881 : 
Henry A., in 1882; Wal- 
ter I., 1888, and C. Belle 
Hechtman, 1891. 

Mr. Hechtman attended 
the public schools of his 
native town, and for a 
while he was a student at 
the business college. In 
1871 he was graduated 
from the University of 
Minnesota, whence h e 
joined his father, w h o 
controlled the Minnesota 
Soap Company of St. Paul, that State. 
After several years in this business he 
spent several more in traveling and taking 
life comparatively "easy." He was unham- 
pered by any urgent needs, and was deter- 
mined to let the strenuous life wait upon the 
necessity of leading it. Reaching San Fran- 
cisco in 1876, he went shortly thereafter to 
his uncle's ranch, which at that time was sit- 
uated within the present city limits of Los 
Angeles. Here he lived for the next few 
years, getting a practical experience of ranch 
life and forming the ideas of irrigation which 
he has since developed into a positive hobby. 
Toward the end of this decade he became in- 
terested in mining, went over into Trinity 
County, invested in some gravel and quartz 
properties there, and by working in various 
capacities acquired a practical knowledge of 
the business. This experience was valuable, 
but somewhat costlv. In 1880 Mr. llecht- 


man shifted the field i <i his activities n i rail- 
roading, and until 1884 was assistant agent 
of the Southern Pacific at Los Angeles, ris- 
ing, from 'S3 to '90, to the post of General 
Agent of the Union Pacific Railway. He 
then became attracted by the fruit shipping 
business, wherein he was made vice presi- 
dent of the Porter Brothers Company, com- 
posed of Nate R. Salsbury, Washington Por- 
ter and Fred Porter. With 
them he remained nine 
years, gradually enlarg- 
ing his interests until they 
included the considerable 
number of concerns > if 
which he is now an of- 

During these years Mr. 
Hechtman was located 
variously between Los 
Angeles, Sacramento, 
Fresno and Kerman, 
stimulating his interest in 
irrigation by much read- 
ing and practical observa- 
tion. He has gathered 
together a large library, 
and although his tenden- 
cies have been chiefly 
commercial, art and liter- 
ature are with him al- 
most an avocation. He is 
fond of automobiling. and 
was formerly an ardent 
hunter and angler. 

Besides his vice presi- 
dency of the Fresno Ir- 
rigated Farms Company, he is vice president 
of the First National Bank of Kerman. and 
the California Stock Food Co. and president 
o'f the Abbott Orchard Co. From 1897 to 
1902 he was a director of the Booth-Kelley 
Lumber Co.. and of the California Pine Box 
and Lumber Co. For three years he was 
vice president of the Oregon Land and Live- 
stock Co. ; formerly a director of the Truckee 
River General Electric Co., Reno Light. 
Power and Water Co., and the Floriston 
Pulp and Paper Co. His clubs and associa- 
tions are: Pacific Union, Bohemian, Press, 
San Francisco Golf and Country ; California, 
of Los Angeles ; Sequoia, of Fresno ; Sutter, 
of Sacramento, and the Madera County ; 
Merchants' Exchange, San Francisco ; Cali- 
fornia Development Board, San Francisco 
Chamber of Commerce, Society for the Pre- 
vention of Crueltv to Animals and the 

S. P. c. c. 


ILLIA.M M A R T 1 \. 
1 Attorne y for the 
Railroads. San Francisco, 
irn in that city, March 17, 
of William 



race of 

Abbott. De- 
I >evi mshire law- 
fighting st rain 
in Mr. Abbott's 

California, was b 

1872, the si m 
a n (1 Annabel! 
scending from a 
vers, in whose blood the 
was especially prominent 
grandfather, who fought 
u nil e r Wellington, he 
has remained true to 
his traditions, and fur- 
nished fairly strong evi- 
dence that heredity is> still 
a potent force. 

Mr. Abbott war- mar- 
ried in San Francisco, 
August 3. 1895, to Miss 
A n n a Josephine Mac- 
Yean, and is the father 
of two sons, William 
L i n d 1 e y Abbott and 
Tire y Casselman Ab 

The J o h n S u et t 
Grammar School, 1887; 
the Boys' High School, 
1890, and the Hastings 
College of the Law. 1893, 
were his successive grad- 
uating mile pi isl S. 

Immediately upon his 
f i n a 1 graduation, with 
the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws, and when he was 
just "i age, Mr. Abbott 
began the practice of his profession. For 
two years he met with encouraging success. 
In 1805 Mr. I'mss. in whose office he had 
supplemented his studies while he was a law 
student, made him a member of the linn of 
Cross, Ford, Kelley and Abbott. 

On the dissolution of this firm two years 
later Mr. Abbott resumed his individual prac- 
tice, but in 1898 Tirey L. Ford, who had be- 
come Attorney General of California, ap 
pointed him Deputy Attorney General, lie 
was placed in charge of the opinion depart- 
ment, a quasi-judicial post that offered a 
splendid opportunity for brilliant work and 
invaluable experience. Here be had to deal 
with requests for opinions from the Governor, 
State officers and institutions, the districl at 
torneys of the State and other similar 
sources. During his term of office lie played 
a prominent part in the Atlantic and Pacific 
Tax Cases, following them to the United 


States Supreme Court, and attracted flatter- 
ing attention by his able handling of them. 
In 1902 Mr. Abbott became Assistant 
General Counsel for the United Railroad-, lie 
was one of the attorneys for Brown Brothers, 
the Baltimore syndicate which purchased the 
properties now owned by the United Rail 
roads, and was active in the consolidation of 
all the street railways. 

Shortly after the big 
fire in 1906 Mr. Abbott 
was associated with the 
defense in the so-called 
graft prosecution, where- 
in his legal km »v> ledge 
and judgment materially 
aided the preparatioi 
his clients' cases. In 1911 
he was appointed General 
Attorney for the United 

He is president of the 
Market Street Railway 
Company, the San Fran- 
cisco and S a n Mate 
Electric Railway Com- 
pany, the Metropolitan 
Railway Company, and is 
v i c e president of the 
South San Francisco 
Railn iad and Pi iwer G >m- 
pany and a director of 
the United Railroads 
( '< impany. 

Until recent years he 
was vrr\ active politi- 
cally and has been a 
the Republican State and 

\ I ',!',( >TT 

delegate to all of 
1< ical ci inventions. 

Mr. Abbott's club and social activities are 
wide and varied, lie is a member of the 
National Geographical Society, the Ameri- 
can Academy of Political and Social Sci- 
ences, the Academy of Pacific Coast History, 
and is treasurer and ex-vice president of the 
California Historical Landmark League. He 
belongs to the Union League, the Bohemian 
Clubs, the California Tennis Club and to the 
B. I'. ( ). Elks, of which last he is Past Ex 
alted Kuler. lie has filled all the offices of 
the local lodge of the X. S. G. \\ . and is at 
presenl a member i.f Stanford Parlor No. 76. 
X. S. (i. W. lie is a member of California 
Lodge No. 1, !•'. & ,\. M.. California Chapter 
No. 5. R. A. M„ Knights Templar. California 
Commander} Xo. 1: a Mystic Shriner and a 
member of the legal fraternitv. the I'bi 
1 lelt.i Phi. 






MARTINEZ. FELIX. Investments, El Paso, 
Texas, was born in Taos County, New 
Mexico, March 29, 1S57, the son of Felix- 
Martinez and Reyes (Cordova) Martinez. 
He married Virginia Buster at Las Vegas, New- 
Mexico, September 24, 1SS0, and to them there 
have been born six children, Felix, Jr., Alejandro 
(deceased), Alfonso M.. Reyes, Horacio (de- 
ceased) and Virginia Martinez. The name 
Martinez is one of the most honored in the his- 
tory of Spanish America, with numerous repre- 
sentatives of the family noted in the military and 
civic annals of the vast domain that was formerly 
ruled by Spain. From one of these, Don Felix 
Martinez, Captain General and Governor of the 
Province of New Mexico in 1715, Felix Martinez 
is directly descended, and the family has been 
prominent in the affairs of New Mexico from the 
time of the Captain General to the present day. 

Mr. Martinez, a prominent figure and leader 
for many years in political, financial and industrial 
affairs of the Southwest, received his early edu- 
cation through private tutors and later spent four 
years in St. Mary's College, at Mora, New Mexico. 
He supplemented this with three years' study in a 
private school in Denver, Colorado. 

The first position held by Mr. Martinez was that 
of general salesman for a firm in Denver and 
Pueblo, but in 1877, when he was just about twenty 
years of age, he embarked in business for him- 
self as the proprietor of a general mercantile 
store, at El Moro, Colorado. He remained there 
only about two years, however, moving in 1879 to 
Las Vegas, New Mexico, where he engaged in busi- 
ness on a large scale. In addition to conducting 
a mercantile establishment, he also engaged in 
buying and selling live stock and sheep, and in 
lumber manufacturing enterprises, and was well 
started on the way to fortune, when his property 
was visited by fire and he lost practically every 
dollar he had in the world. 

Right here the man showed extraordinary cour- 
age. The disaster came upon him on September 
18, 1880, within a few days of the date set for his 
wedding, but undismayed, he went ahead with his 
wedding preparations, and on September 24, six 
days after seeing his fortune swept away, he was 

Mr. Martinez was not of the kind that waste 
time in weeping over his losses, however, but set 
about the recuperation of his fortune. Prior to the 
fire he had established splendid credit in business 
and financial circles and through this he was en- 
abled to get a new start at once. The Eastern 
wholesale houses readily let him have all the stock 
he wanted to re-establish his store, while from the 
First National Bank of Las Vegas he obtained a 
loan of $2000. 

Despite the fact that he had to pay eighteen 
per cent per annum, the prevailing rate of interest 
at that time, on his loan. Mr. Martinez was suc- 
cessful from the outset and soon was cleared of 
debt and among the most prosperous men of his 
community. He conducted his store and other 
interests until 1886, selling out in the latter year 
to engage in an entirely new line of activity 

Foreseeing that the West was a land of prom- 
ise, destined to lure thousands of homeseekers 
from the older sections of the East. Mr Martinez 
entered into the real estate business, giving espe 
cial attention to the building of homes which he 
sold to settlers on the Installment plan. This not 

only proved a profitable investment for him, but 
gave numerous men the opportunity to start their 
lives anew, as home owners possessed of an op- 
portunity they had never known before. 

Mr. Martinez also became interested in various 
industrial and development pursuits at this time, 
and met with success in all of his ventures. He 
had, however, gone into politics quite actively and, 
being a liberal contributor, suffered heavy drains 
upon his resources. 

Beginning his political activity about the year 
1SS4, when San Miguel was the banner Republi- 
can County of the Territory of New Mexico, Mr. 
Martinez worked tirelessly for the Democratic 
party, with the result that through his influence 
the latter organization became the dominant factor 
in the political affairs of the Territory and con- 
tinued in power for many years afterwards. Mr. 
Martinez, for nearly fourteen years, was the leader 
of his party in San Miguel County, and through his 
many successes there became the leader of the 
party throughout the Territory. 

Early in his political career, Mr. Martinez was 
a candidate for election to the office of County 
Treasurer in San Miguel, and although the county 
was overwhelmingly Republican he failed of elec- 
tion by only a few votes. Two years later, in 1886, 
he was the Democratic candidate for the office 
of County Assessor and was elected, this victory 
changing the political complexion of the County. 
He served as Assessor for two years and in 1888 
was elected a member of the Territorial House of 
Representatives. He served in this capacity until 
1892, when he was elected to the New Mexico 
Senate from San Miguel. He also held office as 
District Clerk during the Cleveland administration 

In the same year Mr. Martinez was elected 
Chairman of the New Mexico delegation to the 
Democratic National Convention, and in the delib- 
erations of that body was an active factor. It 
will be remembered that Grover Cleveland, put 
forward for the nomination, was strenuously op- 
posed by certain elements in the party, and his 
selection was made possible only through a com- 
bination on the part of the delegates from the 
various Territories. Mr. Martinez, looked upon as 
one of the most astute politicians in the Demo- 
cratic ranks, organized this combine and held the 
key to the situation which resulted in the nomi- 
nation of Cleveland and made possible his election 
to the Presidency the second time. 

Returning to New Mexico. Mr. Martinez contin- 
ued to direct the fortunes of the Democratic party 
for several years after this, hut in lsit; moved 
his headquarters to the larger field afforded by 
El Paso, although he still retained valuable inter- 
ests in New Mexico. At that time he practically 
retired from active politics, but has maintained 
his interest in the Democratic party and still sup 
ports it. He has never permitted his name to be 
put forward since 1893 as a candidate for any of- 
tice His friends in New Mexico, following the ad 
mission of the Territory to Statehood in 1911, 
tried to prevail upon him to become a candidate 
for election as the first United States Senator from 
the new State 

Although he transferred his activities and re~i 
dence part of the time from New Mexico to Texas, 
the people of the former State have such COnfl 

dence in the Integrity of Mr Martinez, his remark 
able genius for organization and management of in- 
dustrial ventures and business development, that 



there seemed to be a unanimous feeling on the 
part of those interested in the progress of the 
new State to choose him as United States Senator 
regardless of politics. It was generally conceded 
that he could do more for the new State than any 
other man who could be found, and it was stated 
at that time that the State would suffer if party 
plans should prevent him from being selected. 

Mr. Martinez persistently refused to become a 
candidate, however, but nevertheless the leaders of 
the Democratic side of the New Mexican Legisla- 
ture put him forward as a candidate and many 
members of the Republican side promised to sup- 
port him, owing to the fact that they could not 
agree at that time on a candidate of their own. 
Later, however, the Republicans became reunited, 
and, being in control of the Legislature, elected 
one of their own party. The failure to elect him 
did not disturb Mr. Martinez, for, while he was 
sensible of the compliment the people of New Mex- 
ico paid him, he was satisfied to remain in the re- 
tirement he had sought for himself several years 

Ever since Mr. Martinez moved to El Paso, he 
has been a potential factor in the development of 
that city. He became identified with numerous en- 
terprises for its upbuilding almost immediately 
after his arrival, one of these being the organiza- 
tion of the El Paso Chamber of Commerce, in 
which he has been an indefatigable worker. 

Mr. Martinez embarked in the real estate busi- 
ness upon his arrival there and through his plan 
of selling property on small monthly payments, met 
with the same success that had attended his efforts 
in earlier years in Las Vegas. His operations be- 
came so extensive that he opened up numerous 
additions to the city of El Paso, and in this way 
has been instrumental, according to statistics, in 
building up more than one-half of the present city. 

In addition to these activities, Mr. Martinez 
has been in the forefront of every industrial im- 
provement of consequence in El Paso during the 
years he has been in the city, these including the 
organization of a new electric railway system, 
modern water works, Union depot, a great cement 
factory, numerous real estate companies, develop- 
ment companies and other affiliated enterprises. 

The climax of Mr. Martinez's civic efforts and 
perhaps the most notable achievement for the 
public good of his entire career was the organiza- 
tion of the El Paso Valley Water Users' Associa- 
tion. He devoted himself to the accomplishment 
of the organization persistently for eight years, 
it being necessary for him to bring the Republic 
of Mexico and the States of Texas and New Mexi- 
co to an agreement on the division of the waters 
of the Rio Grande River. This entailed consider- 
able legislation, a special treaty between the gov- 
ernments of Mexico and the United States and the 
surmounting of numerous other obstacles of vari- 
ous kinds. 

One less determined than Mr. Martinez prob- 
ably would have been discouraged many times dur- 
ing the campaign and abandoned the work, but he 
kept it alive despite all opposition and finally had 
the satisfaction of bringing about the greatest 
irrigation pro.iect in the United Staes, and, in 
some respects, in the whole world, known today 
as the Rio Grande Project. This project has been 
and is the chief factor in the development of El 
Paso and surrounding country, and its benefits 
are multiplying as the work progresses. He has 
been in charge of the irrigation canal system in 
the EI Paso Valley for the past five years. 

Mr. Martinez commands quite as much consid- 
eration south of the International Boundary as he 
does on the American side, and, by his many acts 
of friendly interest, has come to be an influence 
in the councils of Mexican affairs. It was through 
his efforts and initiative that the historic meeting 
between President Taft of the United States and 
President Porfirio Diaz of Mexico was arranged in 
1909, and when the two executives met, and in the 
banquet tendered by President Diaz to President 
Taft at Juarez, Mr. Martinez took a prominent 
part in the attendant ceremonies, and was selected 
to present the golden goblets to the Presidents as 
mementoes of the occasion. At a later date, when 
Diaz was forced to flee the country and Mexico 
was torn by civil war, Mr. Martinez initiated the 
movement that culminated in the successful peace 
negotiations between the Madero and Diaz forces, 
thus bringing about peace in the country for the 

Despite the fact that he has figured so promi- 
nently in public affairs, the great secret of Mr. 
Martinez's success has been his ability to elimi- 
nate himself from figuring in many places where 
he should be credited with leading. By his adroit- 
ness he takes second, third or fourth place or is 
entirely unknown in matters, where, in truth, he 
was the main factor. The great desire with him 
has always been to get the thing done without 
reference to himself. 

In business affairs of El Paso it has been demon- 
strated on many occasions that the people would 
rather take his judgment than that of any other 
man in his section of the State, believing they 
can follow him with the greatest certainty of suc- 
cess. This is due to the fact that Mr. Martinez 
has been an untiring worker for the upbuilding of 
the city and has never lost an opportunity to give 
to the city any improvement which he thought 
would be for her benefit. It was with this idea in 
mind that he fostered the various industries noted 
above. He also was one of the chief factors in giv- 
ing to the city a new railroad system — the El Paso 
& Southwestern, which has grown to be one of the 
most important railroad lines in the Southwest. 

Mr. Martinez, in addition to his private invest- 
ments and his work for the public good, is inter- 
ested in numerous business enterprises, to all of 
which he gives a part of his time and counsel. 
He is a Director in the First National Bank of 
El Paso, Chairman of the Executive Committee and 
Secretary of the El Paso Valley Water Users' 
Association, President of the Central Building & 
Improvement Company, President of the Interna- 
tional Improvement Company, President of the El 
Paso Realty & Investment Company, Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Southwestern Portland Cement Com- 
pany and Director in the First Mortgage Company 
of El Paso. He also is President of the Martinez 
Publishing Company in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 
He is now interested in several publications, and 
has been the publisher of several daily newspapers 
in New Mexico and Texas, during the last twenty- 
five years. 

He is stockholder or adviser in many other 
concerns, but those noted above serve to show 
the diversity of the man's interests. 

Mr. Martinez, who is respected as a man of 
highest principle and sense of honor, is a deep 
student of affairs, an original thinker and philoso- 
pher, an eloquent and forceful speaker, and a natu- 
ral leader. He is unselfish in his devotion to the 
public and esteemed as one of the most valuable 
factors in the development of the resources of 
the country. 



THOMAS, WILLIAM, senior partner of the 
firm of Thomas, Beedy and Lanagan, At- 
torneys at Law, San Francisco, was 
born in Worcester, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember, 5, 1853, the son of Benjamin Franklin 
Thomas and Mary Ann (Park) Thomas. Both 
his paternal and maternal ancestors were 
among the early residents of New England, where 
they won distinction in various walks of life. 
His great-grandfather, Isaiah Thomas, who was 
a close personal friend of 
Benjamin Franklin, was 
founder of the famous 
publication, "The Wor- 
cester Spy," as well as the 
"American Antiquarian So- 
ciety," and for many years 
was postmaster of Worces- 
ter. Benjamin F. Thomas, 
the father of William 
Thomas, was one of New 
England's greatest orators 
and lawyers, a Justice of the 
Supreme Court of Massachu- 
setts, a member of Congress, 
and President of the Suffolk 
Bar Association, in Boston. 
His son, William, came to 
California in May, 1877, and 
settled in San Francisco, 
where he is known as one of 
the leading corporation law- 
yers of the State. In March, 
1875, he was married in Cam- 
bridge, Mass., to Miss Emma 
Gay. The children of this 
marriage are Molly (now Mrs. 
Latham McMullin), Helen 
(now Mrs. Kimble), a son, 
Henjamin, and Miss Gertrude Thomas. 
After attending the public schools of Massachu- 
setts Mr. Thomas entered Harvard University, in 
1869, when he was but fifteen years old. He was 
graduated therefrom A. B., with the class of '73, and 
in 1876 took the degree of LL. B. from the Har- 
vard Law School, in the following year coming to 
San Francisco. 

During the thirty-four years that Mr. Thomas 
has practiced his profession in San Francisco he 
has been a living illustration of the value of the 
training provided by Harvard University, and the 
famous Harvard Law School, to those who care to 
take advantage thereof. From the start his efforts 
met with a success which has grown steadily with 
the years, and which has led to his present promi- 
nent position among the attorneys and financiers 
nt tlir State. In the latter respect he has become 
almost as well known as in the former, heredity 
and training having directed him into channels 
where the greatest opportunities are to be found by 
the men capable of grasping them. 

His first important venture beyond (he practice 
of the law was as organizer of the California Fruit 


Canners' Association, of which he was the first 
president, for three years. This is today one of the 
largest industrials of the State. He was and is 
president of the Pioneer Land Company, which was 
the pioneer corporation of the Tulare County Citrus 
Belt, and the promoter and patron of the flourishing 
town of Porterville. 

He was also the organizer of the California Title 
Insurance and Trust Company, and for many years 
he was the chairman of its legal staff. 

Although Mr. Thomas' 
practice has been of the non- 
sensational order, confined 
largely to corporation law, 
some of his cases have at- 
tracted wide public interest. 
Among these was that of 
Waite vs. the City of Santa 
Cruz. This invoLved about 
$360,000, a defective bond is- 
sue, and eight years of liti- 
gation. It was carried back 
and forth from court to court, 
went to the United States 
Supreme Court and back to 
the Crieuit Court of Appeals 
in Seattle, and was finally 
won for the plaintiff by Mr. 
Thomas, who had a writ of 
mandate issued compelling 
the Common Council of Santa 
Cruz to levy the tax. 

After the great fire of 1906 
Mr. Thomas took a promi- 
nent position as attorney for 
the insured. In this connec- 
tion, he went to Europe, 
accompanied by Oscar 
Sutro, in the fall of 1906, 
in the grim pursuit of four German fire 
insurance companies, which had "welched." He 
represented on that trip some sixty law firms, 
who turned over to him and Mr. Sutro the claims 
of their clients. They succeeded in making settle- 
ments, securing $7,000,000 for San Francisco. 

Mr. Thomas' political and civic activities have 
been limited to a Police Commissionership, from 
which he resigned after five days, because he "didn't 
like it," and to his Trusteeship, for two years, of 
the Home for FeebleMinded Children. In his prac- 
tice he has co-operated with other well-known law- 
yers of the city, his partnerships having undergone 
in the following changes of name: Chickering & 
Thomas, Thomas & Gerstle, to the present firm of 
Thomas, Beedy & Lanagan. He is also a director in 
many other financial and industrial institutions 
His clubs and associations are: The University (of 

Which lii' was Hie first President)) Harvard of San 
Francisco (President lor two years), California 
Water and Forest Association irirst President), 
Harvard Law School Association I Vice President), 
Commonwealth Club (charier member), and the 
Qohemlan of San Francisco. 






SCOTT, JOSEPH, Attorney-at-Law, Los An- 
geles, California, was born at Penrith, 
County of Cumberland, England, July 16, 
1867. His father was Joseph Scott, of 
Scotch border stock, and his mother, Mary (Don- 
nelly) Scott, was a native of Wexford, Ireland. 
On June 6, 1S9S, he married Bertha Roth at Los 
Angeles, California. To them were born eight 
children: Joseph, Jr., Mary, Alfonso, George, 
Cuthbert, John Patrick, Helen, and Josephine. 

Mr. Scott received his first education in his na- 
tive country, where he attended Ushaw College, 
Durham, from 18S0 until 1888. He matriculated 
with honors at London University in 1887, being 
the gold medalist of his class. At St. Bonaven- 
ture's College, Alleghany, N. V., he received the 
degree of A. M. in 1893, and the honorary degree 
of Ph. D. at Santa Clara College, Santa Clara, Cali- 
fornia, in 1907. 

Mr. Scott came to America from England in 
1S89, and entered into journalistic work in New 
York City. In this he had little remuneration and 
about that period he had the hardest struggles of 
his life. He was unused to manual work, but dur- 
ing his financial difficulty he took employment of 
various kinds, in some cases consisting of the 
hardest kinds of physical labor. In 1890, St. Bona- 
venture's College, Alleghany, N. Y., accepted his 
application for the position of Senior Professor of 
Rhetoric and English literature. He held this po- 
sition until 1S93, when he resigned and removed to 
Los Angeles, where he took up the study of law. 
He was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court 
of California in April, 1S94, and subsequently in 
the Supreme Court of the United States, and has 
recently been admitted to the Supreme Court of 
Arizona, owing to the large litigation requiring his 
attention in Arizona. 

His varied attainments have given him a re- 
markable professional career. Gifted with a force- 
ful and impressive delivery — frank and outspoken 
to a fault — he has the happy faculty of impressing 
both court and jury with the sincerity of his pur- 

The following is a pen picture of Mr. Scott, as 
seen by Mr. H. D. Wheeler, a writer of San Fran- 
cisco, California: 

"He's the two-fistedest, fightin'st Irishman that 
ever stepped as a lawyer into a California court. 

"Give a man an average mental equipment and 
a superb physical make-up; put him through a 
course of book-learning, hod-carrying, teaching, law- 
practicing and prominent citizening among the real 
elite of a big city — and when you shoot him out at 
the other end, it's a bet that you'll find something 

"Ever ready to join an issue, he strikes boldly, 
fearlessly, confidently — his weapon the passionate, 
compelling eloquence that God gave the Irish." 

In the limited time left from his busy life as a 
lawyer, he lias round time to cnta'ji' himself in 

civic affairs in which he has become a leading fac- 
tor, especially in matters educational, and thus 
furthering the interest and growth of Los Angeles 
and Southern California. His energy and enthusi- 
asm in this line won for him from President Taft 
the compliment of being "California's greatest 
booster." He is therefore greatly in demand on 
numerous public occasions throughout the State 
and nation and has frequently been called upon, by 
reason of his felicity of speech, to represent the 
city of Los Angeles upon social and civic occasions. 
He was the principal speaker in behalf of the city 
of Los Angeles at the banquet given upon the visit 
of President Taft to Los Angeles in 1908, and pre- 
sided as toastmaster at the banquet in honor of the 
Admirals and officers of the battleship fleet of the 
United States Navy on its memorable trip around 
the world in 1908. 

Mr. Scott is now and has been for the last six 
years one of the Directors of the Los Angeles 
Chamber of Commerce, and during his term as 
President of the Chamber of Commerce in 1910, he 
was one of the representatives of the California 
delegation sent to Washington to fight for the 
World's Exposition to be held at San Francisco, 
and his successful work in that behalf won praise 
on every hand for which he was honored by being 
elected honorary Vice President of the Panama- 
Pacific International Exposition Company. He is a 
well-known figure throughout the State of Califor- 
nia, stimulating assemblies by his vigorous 
speeches to boost for California and extolling the 
boundless resources of the State. 

In the last eight years he has been a member of 
the non-partisan Board of Education of the city of 
Los Angeles, and has served for five years as its 
President. He has been one of the mainstays of 
the School Department in divorcing it from politics 
and in securing efficiency and merit alone as the 
only tests for the teachers. 

His work in behalf of the teaching force of the 
city of Los Angeles in insisting upon recognition 
of their right to adequate remuneration attracted 
the attention of the National Educational Associa- 
tion, in consequence of which he was Invited to 
address them upon that subject in 1911. which he 
did with characteristic force and earnestness so as 
to compel attention to the subject, the result being 
that a committee was appointed to determine the 
best ways and means of promoting the purposes 
set forth in his address. 

He is Vice President of the Southwest Museum, 
and also a member of the Executive Committee of 
the Southwest Society, and the Archaeological In- 
stitute of America. He is a member of the Los 
Angeles Bar Association. California State Bar As- 
sociation, and the American Bar Association. 

His club affiliations are the California, the 
Union League, the Sunset, the Newman, the Los 
Angeles Athletic, ami the Celtic Clubs; honorary 
member, City Teachers' Club 



dent and Genera] Counsel, Las Vegas and 
Tonopah Railway, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born at Salt Lake City, Utah, 
June 29, 1862, the son of Joseph Whittemore and 
Matilda (Busby) Whittemore. He married Sarah 
L. Brown November 26, 1886, at Salt Lake City, 
and to them have been born two daughters, June 
and Leigh, and a son, Joseph R. Whittemore. 

Mr. Whittemore is of that class of Americans 
known as "self-made." His 
father dying when the boy 
was 14 years of age, the 
latter — eldest of a family of 
five — went to work at various 
occupations, the while con- 
tributing to the support of the 
family and earning enough 
for his own education. He 
attended St. Mark's School, 
Salt Lake City, and was 
graduated with honors in 
medal for highest excellence 
in his class, and still prizes 
the trophy. 

Upon leaving school Mr. 
Whittemore entered the law 
offices of Philip T. Van Zile, 
then United States Attorney 
for the Territory of Utah, and 
read for a year. He was ad- 
mitted to practice in 1883 
and almost immediately was 
appointed Assistant City At- 
torney of Salt Lake City. He 
served in that capacity until 
October of that same year, 
when he resigned to take 
a special course at Co- 
lumbia Law School, New York City. 
Leaving Columbia in 1884, Mr. Whittemore re- 
turned to Salt Lake City and re-engaged in prac- 
tice. As an active young attorney Mr. Whitte- 
more entered politics and was one of the signers 
of the original call for the organization of the Re- 
publican party in Utah. This was in the early 
nineties, when new political lines were forming 
there. In 1894 he was elected County Attorney of 
Salt Lake County, and in 1895, when Utah was ad- 
mitted as a State, became the first State's Attorney 
of the county. 

He was a leading factor in the campaign of 1896, 
which resulted in McKinley's election to the Presi- 
dency, and in 1898 was appointed by the martyr 
President to be United States Attorney for his dis- 
trict. He served in that capacity until 1902. Some 
years before this, however, Mr. Whittemore had 
branched into what was destined to be the most 
conspicuous work of his career. With others, he 
advanced the idea for a railroad linking Los An- 
geles and Salt Lake City, and as far back as 1893 


made a trip to Los Angeles in promotion of this 
plan. Later, in 1896, he made the trip overland in 
a wagon, blazing a route for the road. By contin- 
uous effort he and his associates created interest 
in the project, and about 1900 the aid of Senator 
\V. A. Clark of Montana was enlisted. The out- 
come was the incorporation in 1901 of the San 
Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad, link- 
ing two great commercial centers and opening up 
one of the richest stretches of territory in the 
West and forming the last 
link in one of the three 
great transcontinental high- 

Mr. Whittemore was one 
of the incorporator? 
of the road and secured 
all the right of way for 
the line in Utah and Ne- 
vada. He remained with 
it as general attorney 
through its formative and 
constructive periods until 
1907, when the Las Vegas 
and Tonopah Railroad, an- 
other Clark line, was built 
into Goldfield, Nevada. He 
was made vice president and 
general counsel of the new 
road, positions he still holds. 
In addition to his railroad 
affiliations, Mr. Whittemore 
has aided in the development 
of several important mining 
properties in Southern Ne- 
vada and oil properties in 
California. He is president 
of the Goldfield Merger 
Mines Company, a $5,000,000 
corporation, formed by the consolidation of five val- 
uable mining properties, and vice president of the 
Goldfield Deep Mines Co., capitalized at $10,000,000. 
Also he is president of the Las Vegas Land and 
Water Company, founders of the town of Las 
Vegas, Nevada. 

He maintains a general legal practice in Los An- 
gele, devoting himself to corporation matters. He 
moved to Los Angeles in 1907 and has taken an 
active part in movements for the upbuilding of 
the city and Southern California. He has figured 
in some notable litigations, one of which, the "Yard 
decision" case, caused the passage by Congress of a 
new act protecting oil land purchasers. 

Mr. Whittemore's life has been so taken up 
with work that he has had no time for out-of-doors 
recreation, although he does hold memberships in 
the Jonathan Club of Los Angeles and the Alta 
Club of Salt Lake City. He is essentially a home 
lover and takes great pride in his family, his son 
being a student in the law department of Leland 
Stanford University. 



and Broker, Salt Lake City, Utah, 
was born in Clarksville, I 'ike County, 
Missouri, June 10, 1863. His lather was 
Joseph Pollock and his mother Mary 
Jane (Hicks) Pollock. He married Evelyn 
Prince Dorr at Syracuse, New York, Oc- 
tober 17. IS' '7. Two children have been 


d E v e 1 


e< lu ca- 
in the 

born, Jame 

.Mr. Pollock's 
ti. in was obtaine* 
public sehm >ls an 
Academy of St. 
Mo., and in addition he 
studied under private tu- 
tors. I lis ability as a 
financier displayed itself 
earlv in his life, but for 
the first few years after 
lea\ ing schi I' '1 lie had no 
particular business ex- 
cept looking after some 
private investments. He 
confined himself to per- 
sonal affairs until 1889, 
and at that time moved 
to Denver. Colo., arriving 
there in the spring of the 
vear. He was appointed 
Clearing House Manager 
for the Denver Stuck Ex- 
change, and held this po- 
sition for several months. 
displaying an extraordi- 
nary grasp of financial 
affairs and winning a firm 
position in the regard of bankers and others 
with whom lie had dealings. He resigned 
Ins Denver position to go to Salt Lake, where 
he settled June 17. 1890, and became Secre- 
tary of the Salt Lake Stock and Mining Ex- 
change. Shortly after his arrival he organ 
ized the firm of James A. Pollock iS: Co.. of 
which he is today the senior partner. 

This company is commonly supposed to 
have the largest brokerage business in the 
inter-mountain region and lias the reputa- 
tion of having brought more money to Utah 
and surrounding States for mining invest- 
ments of a strictly legitimate character than 
any oilier hanking or brokerage firm in the 
entire Western country. Millions of dollars 
have been handled by the firm and it has 
been one of the real, practical factors in the 
development of the resources of the country. 

Mr. Pollock, who is the personification of 
progress, has been among the leaders of 

finance in Salt Lake from the day he arrived 
there, and an instance of his modern methods 
was the establishment, soon after he began 
business, of the first private wire system en- 
tering the inter-mountain section. This en- 
ables the Pollock house to keep in constant 
touch with all other cities where stock, -rain 
and cotton exchanges are located. At the 
time of the establishment of his banking and 
brokerage business there 
were few Utah stocks 
known outside the State. 
but with the foresight 
that has characterized all 
his acts. Mr. Pollock set 
about to make these 
stock issues known all 
o v e r the country. In 
this he has been eminent- 
ly successful, and experi- 
enced financiers state au- 
thoritatively that he has 
done m o r e than any 
other one man in placing 
before the investing pub- 
lic the many excellent 
propositions upon which 
the latter day success of 
Utah has been built. 

His pre-eminence as 
an authority on all west- 
ern securities is well rec- 
ognized, and as President 
of the Salt Lake Stock 
and Mining Exchange, a 
position he has held for 
many years, he is con- 
sulted largely by persons seeking safe places 
of investment for their money. 

Mr. Pollock does not take an active part 
in politics, but he is a patriotic and tireless 
worker for any movement that has for its ob- 
ject the upbuilding and betterment of his city 
and State. 'Idle only office he has ever held 
or sought to hold is that of President of the 
Mining Exchange, and his administration has 
been s, , successful the members are loath to 
permit him to retire. 

lie is a director of the banking firm of 
McCornick & Co., another notable institu- 
tion, and the Michigan-Utah Mining Co., one 
of the largest ami most valuable mining 
propositions in the State. He i~ a member of 
the \lta. Commercial and Country Clubs of 
Salt Lake; Flat Rock Club, Idaho: Califor- 
nia Club, I. os Angeles, and the Pasadena 
Country ami the Valley Clubs, of Pasadena. 
( .ill f • irnia. 

L( >CK 


I'kliSS REFERENCE Link'. Ik')' 

Merchant and Real Estate Operator, 
Los Angeles, California, was born at 
Corfu, New York, September 7, 1N44. the 
son of James and Rebecca Rowan. He married 
Miss Fannie P. Arnold, of Sand Lake, Rens- 
selaer County, New York, at Lansing Michi- 
gan, in 1873, and to them there were born 
eight children, Robert A., Frederick S., Earl 
Bruce, Paul, Ben. G., Philip Doddridge, Fannie 
F., and Florence Rowan. 
Mr. Rowan's family was 
among the early settlers of 
New York State and his 
father was a pioneer mer- 
chant of the town of Ba- 
tavia. His wife's father 
was a woolen manufacturer 
of Rensselaer County, New- 

Mr. Rowan was reared in 
Batavia and attended the 
schools of that town during 
his early boyhood, and sup- 
plemented this with a course 
at Hamilton College, Hamil- 
ton, Ohio, whence he was 
graduated in 1865, after he 
had already made a start 
upon his business career. 

When he was twenty years 
of age, or two years before 
he graduated from Hamilton 
College, Mr. Rowan associ- 
ated himself with his broth- 
er-in-law, Mr. E. B. Millar, in 
the wholesale grocery busi- 
ness at Lansing, Michigan, 
under the firm name of E. B. 
Millar & Co. They operated at Lansing for several 
years, but in the early seventies moved to Chicago, 
Illinois, where the firm became one of the best 
known of that city. Mr. Millar managed the main 
business, while Mr. Rowan carried its trade to the 
West and finally went to the Orient, making his 
home in Yokohama, Japan, for more than a year. 
He withdrew from the firm in 1S76, but the house is 
still in existence in Chicago, under the same name. 

On account of Mrs. Rowan's failing health, Mr. 
Rowan moved to Southern California in 1876-77, 
and located in Los Angeles, then a city of only a 
few thousand inhabitants. He established a gro- 
cery store on North Main Street immediately after 
his arrival in Los Angeles and conducted it suc- 
cessfully until the year 1884, when he sold out and 
moved to San Francisco, to engage in the commis- 
sion business. He was a member of the firm of 
Jennings & Rowan, commission merchants, for 
about a year, but returned to Los Angeles in 1885 
and engaged in the real estate business. 

As one of the pioneer real estate men of the city. 


Mr. Rowan was identified with its growth to a large 
extent and aided in attracting to Los Angeles in 
those early days a large number of the residents 
who went to increase its population and add to its 
prestige among the cities of the country. Associ- 
ated with Mr. Rowan in his early operations were 
Col. J. B. Lankershim, O. H. Churchill, I. N. Van 
Nuys and M. Y. Kellam, all men of large affairs, 
who, like him, saw the city grow to a metropolis. 
He continued in the real estate business in Los An- 
geles for several years, being 
one of the men who partici- 
pated in the historic boom 
enjoyed by the city in 1887. 
Although a period of depres- 
sion, caused by the financial 
stringency which was preva- 
lent in the country during 
the late eighties and early 
nineties, followed this boom, 
the men who had stirred in- 
terest to its high pitch of 
boom proportions, were cred- 
ited with having greatly ad- 
vanced world interest in the 
city. Mr. Rowan retired from 
active business in 1889, but 
still retained his interest in 
various large properties and 
continued in partnership with 
Colonel Lankershim in land 
operations until 1S9S, when 
the partnership dissolved. 

When he retired from 
business in 1889, Mr. Rowan 
transferred his home from 
Los Angeles to Pasadena. 
Cal., but lived there only four 
years, returning to Los An- 
geles in 1893. He remained there until he was 
claimed by death on September 2, 1902. 

Mr. Rowan was a great believer in Broadway, 
even when it was called Fort Street. He acquired 
much property on this thoroughfare and never 
parted with a foot of it. He also predicted that Los 
Angeles would be built solid from the mountains to 
the sea, and it now looks as if his ideas would again 
be proved correct. 

Mr. Rowan is recalled as one of the men who 
built the foundation for the present greatness of 
Los Angeles, in the making of which his sons have 
taken such a prominent part. 

Mr. Rowan enjoyed great personal popularity and 
was a member of numerous social organizations in 
Los Angeles and Southern California, but was espe- 
cially esteemed for his exceptional integrity and fair 
dealing in business. A gentleman of the old school, 
he placed honor above all other considerations and 
in this respect furnished an inspiration for his sons. 
He was closely identified with church work and 
was a supporter of all worthy charities. 




and Investments, Los Angeles, California, 
was born at Chicago, Illinois, August 27, 
1876, the eldest son of George Doddridge 
Rowan and Fannie P. (Arnold) Rowan. He mar- 
ried Laura Sehwarz at Los Angeles, California, 
February 28, 1903, and to them there have been 
born four children — Lorraine, Robert A., Jr., 
George D. and Louis S. Rowan. Mr. Rowan is 
descended of a family of New York State pioneers, 
his paternal and ma- 
ternal grandfathers having 
been prominent in com- 
mercial affairs. His father 
was a merchant and 
real estate operator in 
Los Angeles and reckoned 
among the men who started 
that city to its present great- 

Mr. Rowan was taken to 
California by his parents in 
his infancy and has lived in 
the southern part of the State 
ever since. He was educated 
in the public schools of Pasa- 
dena, California, where the 
family home was established 
in 1877. He gave up his 
studies in 1893, however, and 
began his business career, 
going to New York City. He 
remained in that city for sev- 
eral years subsequently, the 
first year as an employe of 
Ward & Huntington, export- 
ers of hardware to South 

In 1894 Mr. Rowan em- 
barked in business for himself as a merchandise 
broker and continued in that line until 1897, when 
he sold out his interests in New York and returned 
to Los Angeles to engage in the real estate busi- 
ness. This has been his field ever since and his 
career from that time forward has been one of 
the must remarkable successes in the business an- 
nals of Los Angeles. 

liming the year 1S9S Mr. Rowan was associated 
with William May Garland, another successful real 
estate operator of Los Angeles, and for sonic time 
afterwards was engaged with others, but in 190] 
he went into business for himself. He was suc- 
cessful from the outset and in 1905, with his sev- 
eral brothers as partners, he organized the R. A. 
Rowan Company, with himself as President. As 

the head of this company Mr. Row an has ecu 
ducted, from the time of its formation, a campaign 
of real estate development which placed him 
among the notable business men of the Southwest. 
The operations of his company have included 
residential tracts and business property in Los 

Angeles, but more especially the latter, and in con- 
nection therewith Mr. Rowan has been the leader 
in an enormous amount of building in the city. In 
association with A. C. Bilicke. he formed the Alex- 
andria Hotel Company and built the Alexandria 
Hotel of Los Angeles, one of the most magnificent 
hostelries on the American Continent, and he is, 
with Mr. Bilicke, joint owner of the enterprise. 
The hotel, being absolutely modern in construction 
and beautiful in appointment, is known from one 
end of the country to the 
other and has been a factor 
in attracting visitors and in- 
vestors to Los Angeles, all 
of which have aided material- 
ly in the general growth of 
the city. Mr. Rowan holds 
office as Secretary and Treas- 
urer of the company and as 
such takes an active part in 
its management. 

Several years ago Mr. 
Rowan and associates erect- 
ed a handsome office struc- 
ture known as the Security 
Building, next put up the 
Merchants' National Bank 
Building, followed it with the 
Title Insurance Building, an- 
other stately structure, and 
has now (1913) in course of 
erection a fourth, to be 
known as the Title Guaran- 
tee Building. All of these 
buildings are fireproof, of 
beautiful architecture, and 
form an important part of 
the business center of Los 
Angeles. Their combined cost 
represents an investment of millions of dollars, 
and while Mr. Rowan is not alone in these enter- 
prises he is generally credited with having inspired 
them and directed the business connected with 
their construction. 

As his record indicates, Mr. Rowan has devoted 
himself largely to the improvement of business 
property, but he has also been active in the gi 
real estate development of Los Angeles, and his 
company has opened up several important resi- 
dence sections, among them Windsor Square, an 
exclusive and restricted district embracing two 
hundred acres. His property holdings are ext< n 
sive and he is also a stockholder or director in 
various business concerns. 

Mr. Rowan enjoys wide popularity with all 
classes in Los Angeles. He is President ol the Los 
Angeles Athletic club, member of the Los Angeles 
Realty Hoard, the California club. Jonathan Club, 
Los Angeles Country club. San Gabriel Vallej Coun- 
try Club. Pasadena Country Club, and of man] i uiii- 
merclal and civil organizations. 

•tO WAX 






and General Manager of the Utah Copper 
Company, Salt Lake City, Utah, was born 
near Appleton City, Bates County, Missouri, 
August 14, 1869, the son of Daniel Jackling and 
Lydia Jane (Dunn) Jackling. He married Jennie 
B. Sullivan, at Albany, New York, in 1S96. 

Colonel Jackling spent the early part of his 
life on a farm in Missouri and received the pre- 
liminaries of his education in the public and high 
schools. Subsequently he attended the State 
Normal School, at Warrensburg, Missouri, and 
after completing his studies there, entered the 
Missouri School of Mines, at Rolla, taking a course 
in mining engineering and metallurgy, graduating 
in 1S92, with the degree of Metallurgical Engineer. 
In 1892 and '93 he took a post-graduate course and 
accepted the position of assistant professor of 
Chemistry and Metallurgy at the School of Mines. 
He was an instructor for a year, then went forth 
to the real work of his career. 

Seeking a practical and thorough knowledge 
of mining, he began as an ordinary miner and 
assayer in the Cripple Creek district of Colorado, 
and later, in 1894, quit that to devote himself to 
the labors of a chemist and metallurgist in the 
same district. In 1896 he left the Colorado field 
and went to Mercur, Utah, where he met with in- 
stant success. 

The first big accomplishment of Colonel Jack- 
ling's career came in 1S97, when he was appointed 
superintendent in charge of the construction of the 
great metallurgical works of the Consolidated 
Mercur Gold Mines, of Mercur, Utah. He was en- 
gaged for three years in the building and operation 
of this plant, but in 1900 gave it up to engage in 
general work, and for the next three years figured 
in various important coonsultation, construction 
and operating capacities in the States of Washing- 
ton, Colorado and Utah. 

Prior to this time, however, his attention had 
been drawn to the wonderful possibilities and re- 
sources of Bingham, Utah, and he made up his 
mind that at some time he would undertake the 
development of that section. 

Accordingly, in 1903, he organized the Utah Cop- 
per Company, and at once began the development 
work he had planned years before. He was 
made Vice President and General Manager of the 
company's properties and has been in active 
command of its operations since the day of its 
organization. That was the foundation of Colonel 
JacUling's position as one of the big figures in 
the copper industry of the United States, and 
since then he has become interested in many other 

These companies, with the positions he holds 
in each, are: Ray Consolidated Copper Company, 
vice president and general manager; Nevada Con 
solidated Company, vice president: Nevada North- 

ern Railroad, vice president; Bingham and Garfield 
Railway, vice president and general manager; Ray 
and Gila Valley Railway, vice president and general 
manager; LUah National Bank, director; McCor- 
mick & Co., Bankers, Salt Lake, vice president; 
Garfield Banking Company, vice president; Salt 
Lake Security and Trust Company, director; 
Utah Hotel Company, director; Utah Hotel Op- 
erating Company, president; Utah Fire Clay Com- 
pany, director. 

In addition he is a heavy stockholder in the 
First National Bank of Denver, Colorado; United 
States Sugar and Land Company, of Garden City. 
Kansas: United Iron Works, Oakland, California; 
Kansas City Structural Iron Company, and many 

The position occupied in the mining world by 
Colonel Jackling is unique, not only for the rather 
brief period of time in which it has been attained, 
but because in some respects it stands singularly 
alone. Most noted mining men of the day owe 
recognition to their ability in determining the ex- 
istence and value of ore bodies and their relation 
to mineralogical and geographical conditions. 

Colonel Jackling's pre-eminence is due to his 
work in making commercially profitable bodies of 
ore that at large would be deemed almost worth- 
less. It may be said that the Utah Copper Com- 
pany, because of his metallurgical knowledge, cov- 
ering the widest and most practical grasp of the 
subject, was really the pioneer in making commer- 
cially profitable the handling of large bodies of cop- 
per ore of such low grade as had been looked upon 
previously as so much waste. 

From a three hundred ton mill which he erected 
at Bingham for experimental purposes, one now- 
handling eight hundred tons is in operation there, 
and another one with a capacity of seven thousand 
tons daily is running at Garfield, Utah. When the 
small quantity of copper in the ore is considered, 
the vast tonnage of copper produced is little less 
than marvelous. 

Colonel Jackling was attached to the honorary 
staff of Governor Peabody of Colorado, 1903-04, 
with the rank of colonel, and has been a member 
of the staff of Governor Spry of Utah for three 
years. He was commissioner for Utah to the 
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in 1909. Aside 
from these more or less honorary offices Colonel 
Jackling has always anil positively declined politi- 
cal preferment, and while he takes an active in- 
terest in party progress In- believes that he can 
best serve the interests of his State by devoting 

himself to practical business Improvement 

His clubs are Alta, University, Commercial ami 
Country of Salt Lake City. California of Los An 
geles, Rocky Mountain of New York. El Paso of 
Colorado Springs. He is ;i member of the Amerl 
can institute of Mining Engineers an* the Metal 
lurgical Society of America. 





ALMADA, JESUS, Agricultural and Indus- 
trial Investments, Culiacan, S i n a 1 o a, 
Mexico, was born in Culiacan, June 17, 
1853, the son of Ponciano Almada and 
Laura (de La Vega) Almada. He married Dolores 
(Salido) Almada at Alamos, Sonora, Mexico, May 
5, 1S90, and to them have been born five children, 
Laura, Aurora, Celida. Jesus and George Almada. 

The history of the Almada and de la Vega fam- 
ilies is an integral part of the history of the devel- 
opment of Northern Mexico during the last century. 
The Almada family came from Spain to the Alamos 
district in the State of Sonora about one hundred 
years ago. Originally three brothers came over, 
they being Antonio Benigno Almada, Jose Maria 
Almada and Jesus Almada. The last named is the 
direct ancestor of Mr. Almada, being his grand- 
father. Soon after the arrival of the three brothers 
in Mexico they were joined by a fourth and togeth- 
er the quartet engaged actively in mining and agri- 
culture. Between them they owned hundreds 
of thousands of acres of land, practically all of the 
territory now embraced in the town and section of 
Alamos, and theirs were known as the richest 
mines of the time. In time they all became wealthy 
and influential men, and their descendants are 
among the leading citizens of the States of Sinaloa 
and Sonora. 

On the maternal side of the house, Mr. Almada 
is descended of another notable line, whose activi- 
ties ran more to public affairs than did those of the 
Almadas. The De La Vegan men for generations 
have been prominent in military and governmental 
circles in Mexico and have had a part in the gen- 
eral improvement of laws and political methods of 
their country. Many of them held important public 
office, and the great-grandfather of Mr. Almada, 
Don Rafael De La Vegas, served for many years as 
Governor of the State of Sinaloa. Elected about 
the year 1848, he held office until his death. 

Mr. Almada, who is recognized as one of the 
chief factors in the commercial and industrial 
progress of Sinaloa in recent years, received his 
education in private schools of his native city, 
studying until he was about fourteen years of age. 
At that time he made his first venture into busi- 
ness affairs and has devoted himself to commercial 
life continuously since then, a period extending 
over forty-five years. 

He began his career as part owner of a mercan- 
tile store in Culiacan, in partnership with his 
brother. Together the brothers, in whom the busi- 
ness instinct was strong, operated with great suc- 
cess and built their store Into one of the principal 
business houses of the State. At the age of twenty- 
two years, however. Mr. Almada became ambitious 
for the accomplishment of larger things and turned 
his attention to mining iii the Culiacan district, 

He met with quite as great success In this Held 
as he had in the mercantile busine and as the 

owner of the La Rastra Mine in Cosala and El 
Rosario Mine in San Jose de las Bocas. was re- 
garded as one of the rich men of the country. 

About the year 1889 Mr. Almada embarked in 
agriculture on a large scale, operating as a sugar 
grower in addition to conducting his mining inter- 
ests. He purchased a plantation of seventy thou- 
sand acres and formed the Almada Sugar Refining 
Company, with himself as Treasurer. In this he 
was associated with his elder brother and their 
plant at Culiacan, with a capacity of eight million 
kilos, or eight hundred and eighty tons, was one 
of the largest industrial enterprises in the Republic. 

Mr. Almada remained in active management of 
this industry for more than twenty years, but in 
1910 sold out his interest, preparatory to taking a 
well-earned rest, although he still retains his min- 
ing and other interests in Sinaloa. 

Generally recognized as one of the potent fac- 
tors in the upbuilding of his section of Mexico, Mr. 
Almada could have had many posts of honor in the 
public service during his long career, but public 
life and politics made no appeal to him and he con- 
sistently kept out of them. His services to his 
country in other ways, however, were numerous 
and valuable and in the promotion of his own vast 
business enterprises he contributed largely to the 
general prosperity of his State. 

The Almada family is among the leaders of so- 
cial life in Mexico and their home in Culiacan is 
one of the handsomest places in the entire land. 
Mr. Almada's daughters are noted for their wonder- 
ful beauty and in the United States, as well as their 
own country, are regarded among the lovely young 
women of America. 

It was partly on account of his daughters that 
Mr. Almada decided, in 1910, to move to the United 
States temporarily, and the family located in Los 
Angeles. California, where the daughters were 
placed in school. They became extremely popular 
among the younger social folk and were gener- 
ously entertained and their home, in turn, was the 
scene of many interesting social affairs at which 
they were hostesses. 

Shortly after Mr. Almada left Culiacan. Mexico 
was torn by political dissension which culminated 
in the Madero revolution and the overthrow of the 
Diaz government in this, as iii the subsequent re- 
bellion led by Pasquale Orozco, Mr. Almada took 
no part, although his large property interests in the 
State of Sinaloa were endangered on both occa 
sinus. As noted before, he had never taken any 
active part in politics and when the differences 

brought civil war upon the Country Mr. Almada 

maintained an absolutely neutral attitude and »;is 
one of those men who waited patiently for peace. 
imping thai whatever the result might be, it would 
prove for the besl interests of his country, and per- 
mit to resume, the commercial advance to which 
i in \ had I'ent their energies, 



SPRY, HON. WILLIA M, Governor of the 
State of Utah, Salt Lake City, 
Utah, was born at Windsor, County 
of Berkshire, England, January 11, 
1864, the son of Philip Spry and Sarah 
(Field) Spry. He married Mary Alice 
Wrathall of Grantsville, Utah, July 10, 

In 1875, when he was about eleven years of age, 
Governor Spry was brought to the United States 
by his parents and they set- 
tled in Utah, both being 
members of the Church of 
the Latter Day Saints. The 
son was given a common 
school education and worked 
on a farm until he attained 
his majority. 

From 1891 to 1893, Gover- 
nor Spry was connected with 
Zion's Co-operative Mercan- 
til Institution, a general 
merchandise house, the larg- 
est in the Rocky Mountain 
region, and an adjunct of the 
Mormon Church. This estab- 
lishment is one of the most 
important enterprises o f 
Utah. Founded in 1868, it 
has transacted business 
which average .$3,000,000 
per annum for the entire 
period of its existence. Its 
main store is at Salt Lake 
City, but it also has branches 
at Provo and Idaho Falls, 
Idaho, and operates a shoe 
factory and a clothing fac- 
tory. Governor Spry was 
with the Salt Lake house for only about two years 
but during that time he was an important factor 
in its affairs and also greatly expanded his own 
knowledge of business affairs. 

Upon leaving the great store, Governor Spry 
engaged in farming and stockraising on a large 
scale and continued these operations until 1904, 
when he disposed of a large part of his interests. 
He still is a large landowner and is interested in 
various financial and industrial enterprises, being 
a Director of the Merchants Bank of Salt Lake 
City and several other institutions. 

Governor Spry has been an important factor in 
the affairs of the Republican party of Utah for 
many years and prior to his election to the office 
of Chief Executive of the State had served in 
several other public capacities. From 1894 to 
1896 he served as County Collector of Tooele 
County and upon relinquishing that office was 
elected to the City Council of Grantsville, Utah. 
He served in that body continuously for seven 
years, retiring from the office in 1903. 

Ranked as one of the authorities on lands and 
land products of his State, Governor Spry was ap- 
pointed President of the State Board of Land Com- 
missioners of Utah in 1905 and served in this po- 
sition until 1906, when he was appointed by Presi- 
dent Theodore Roosevelt to the office of United 
States Marshal for the State of Utah. He was 
serving in that Federal capacity in 1908, when he 
was proposed for the nomination of Governor of 
Utah on the Republican ticket, whereupon he re- 
signed from the office of 
Marshal. He was elected 
Governor by a large majority 
at the subsequent election 
and took office in 1909. He 
was re-elected in 1912 to 
hold office until the year 

Governor Spry's adminis- 
tration has been marked by 
independence of action and 
progressiveness on his part 
and under his guidance the 
State has made advances in 
many ways, especially in the 
increase of agricultural en- 
terprises. He is an enthusi- 
ast on agricultural develop- 
ment and is generally con- 
ceded to be the leading au- 
thority on Utah lands in that 
State. He has lent his sup- 
port to irrigation and other 
movements of a national 
character and was one of 
the striking features at the 
National Farm Land Con- 
gress held at Chicago in No- 
vember, 1909. 
Shortly after taking office of Governor for the 
first time, Governor Spry, as the representative of 
his State, went to Camden, New Jersey, and there 
officiated at the launching of the Battleship Utah, 
which was christened by his daughter, Miss Mary 
Alice Spry. This vessel, which was constructed 
in the fastest time on record, was at the time 
of its launching the largest ship in the American 
Navy and one of the largest in the world, being 
521 feet in length and having a displacement of 
21,875 tons. 

Governor Spry is devoted to the interests of 
his State, which he has helped greatly in adver- 
tising its advantages to the world, and is one of 
the most popular officials who ever filled the 
Chief Executive's chair in Utah. He is a promi- 
nent figure in the affairs of the Mormon Church, 
having formerly been one of its missionaries, and 
is a force in the Republican party, which he served 
as Chairman of the State Central Committee. 

He is a member of the Commercial Club, and the 
Alta Club of Salt Lake City. 



Senator, Tucson, Arizona, was born near 
Cynthiana, Kentucky, January 24, 1852, the 
son of Frank ('. Smith and Agnes Ball 
(Chinn) Smith, a direct descendant of Raleigh 
Chirm and Esther Ball of early Virginia his- 

Senator Smith received his early education in 
the common schools of his district and later 
studied in Transylvania University, at Lexing- 
ton, Kentucky. Following 
the completion of his course 
he took up the study of 
law and was admitted to 
the bar of Kentucky in 

He practiced in Kentucky 
for about three years and in 
1SS1 moved to Arizona, locat- 
ing at Tombstone. Descend- 
ed of an old Southern family, 
he was a supporter of the 
Democratic party and im- 
mediately began to take an 
interest in politics. In 1882, 
a year after his arrival in 
the Territory, he was elected 
Prosecuting Attorney of Co- 
chise County and served a 
term of two years. 

At that time Arizona had 
within her borders a motley 
citizenship and outlawry of 
various kinds existed. The 
energy with which Senator 
Smith prosecuted law-break- 
ers — hanging 5 murderers by 
verdict of juries in one year 
— had a wholesome effect in 
bringing about a respect lor law and order, and his 
record in office was such that in 1886 he was 
elected Delegate to Congress. 

He served in the Fiftieth Congress and was re- 
elected to the Fifty-first, Fifty-second and Fifty- 
third, retiring in 1895 after eight years In service. 
He refused a fifth nomination at that time, but in 
1897 again became a candidate and was elected 
to the Fifty-fifth Congress, serving until 1S99. In 
1901 he was elected again, serving until 1903, and 
in 1905, after another lapse of one term, he was 
elected a seventh time. At the expiration of his 
term in 1905 he was re-elected and served until 1909. 

During the sixteen years lie served in ('(ingress. 
Senator Smith had no vote in the national body, 
Arizona being a Territory, but notwithstanding this 
lie enjoyed a great personal popularity and was at 
all times a consistent and persistent worker tor the 
interests of Arizona. Through his Influence, rartou 
acts beneficial to the Territorj wen- passed by 
Congress, and he also was instrumental In obtaining 
numerous federal appropriations tor public build- 


ings, irrigation projects and other improvements 
He was one of the first to advocate the reclama- 
tion of arid lands by the general government and 
aided in drafting the reclamation act. 

Senator Smith was one of the original advo- 
cates of single Statehood for Arizona and fought 
for the admission of the Territory in season and 
out, for more than twenty years. On four different 
occasions, after strenuous work on his part, lie 
succeeded in having a Statehood bill passed In the 
lower house of Congress, bul 
on each occasion it was 
blocked in the Senate or by 
executive opposition and 
failed to pass. His efforts 
had been so effectual, how- 
ever, that when he retired 
from Congress in 1909 it had 
been agreed in both national 
platforms that Arizona would 
be granted Statehood at the 
next session, and, with the 
overwhelming sentiment 
which he had stirred up. a 
bill was finally passed in 
1910. known as the 'Enabling 
Act" by which the prelim- 
inary steps toward Statehood 
were begun. 

Senator Smith was a po- 
tent influence in the drafting 
of the State Constitution and 
in the first general election, 
held in December. 1911, was 
chosen, as a reward for his 
long service in behalf of his 
constituents, to be one of 
the first United States Sena- 
tors from Arizona. The will 
of the people was ratified at the first session of 
the State Legislature in 1912, but In the drawing 
of lots. Senator Smith received the short term. 
which means that he will serve until 1915. 

Since taking his seat in the Senate. Senator 
Smith has continued his work in behalf of Arizona 
and is the father of various measures in the inter 
ests of his State. During his entire politi 
reer he has been an advocate of progressive pol- 
icies, and many of his ideas were Incorporated in 
the Arizona Constitution. 

Senator Smith has been the leader of the 
ocratic part] in Arizona for many years and car 
ried it to victory in scores of electoral contests 

Senator Smith has continued his law practice 
at all time-, imt never permitted his private affairs 

to interfere with public duty, and the result has 
been that his material success was not as ureal a- 
his achievements lor his State lie has no business 

Interests of consequence outside of his law practice. 
The senator is a member of the Old Pueblo Club 
of Tucson, tie- Masonic Ordei ami the Elks. 





KARPEN, ADOLPH, Manufacturer and Realty 
Interests, Secretary and Treasurer S. Kar- 
pen and Brothers, Chicago, Illinois, was 
born in Germany, October 5, 1860, the son 
of Moritz and Johanna (Cohn) Karpen. He mar- 
ried Miss Eugenia W. Swenson October 23, 1886, at 
Chicago. There have been no children born to the 

Mr. Karpen received his early education in the 
grammar schools of Germany, attending the same 
until he was twelve years of age, when, with his 
parents, he removed to the United States. It was 
in 1872 that the elder Karpen and his family 
reached these shores to try their fortunes in the 
land to which so many of their countrymen had 
preceded them and in which many of them had 
already made their marks in commerce and finance. 
but few to any greater extent than that which later 
came to mark the business careers of Adolph Kar- 
pen and his brothers. 

The family first located at East Lynne, Conn.. 
remaining there for about a year before removing 
to Chicago in 1873. In Chicago Mr. Karpen at- 
tended the Chicago Atheneum and night schools, 
while he worked in the daytime to help maintain 
himself. He had determined on seeking a pro- 
fessional career and with this purpose in view lost 
no opportunity to add to the thorough preliminary 
education he had secured in the German schools. 
In 1879 he entered the Chicago College of Pharmacy 
and after three years of close application graduated 
in 1881 with the degree of Ph. G. 

While attending college he worked as a clerk 
in a drug store and continued in this capacity for 
some time after graduating, when he abandoned 
his career as a pharmacist to become associated 
with his brothers, Solomon and Oscar Karpen, who 
had, in 1880, established themselves in the furniture 
manufacturing business. At the time of his entry 
into this concern it was one of a thousand similar 
industries in the Middle West struggling to gain 
a foothold. Mr. Karpen has ever since devoted 
all his time to the interests of this concern and 
had been largely instrumental in helping it to 
grow from its small beginning to the position of 
being the leading and largest in its line in the 
t'nited States. 

As a business man Mr. Karpen has always been 
identified with the development and enlargement of 
the commercial interests of Chicago. He is one 
of the most prominent industrial leaders of the 
Illinois metropolis, and the Industries In which he 
has been interested have always aided in the ma- 
terial prosperity of that city. The great growth 
of Chicago has had no more stalwart assistance 

from any one individual business man than he has 
given it. A firm believer in the future ol the city, 
he has always been one of the most ardent sup- 
porters of the building and realty movement that 
has increased values and helped develop the busi- 
ness section of the city. His investments and that 
of his firm in real estate have been among the more 
important in recent years and have helped main 
tain values and make them stable. 

The firm's main offices, located at No ! Michi 

gan Boulevard, in a magnificent office building 
erected by the firm, are lavishly furnished. The 
building itself is one of the most beautiful in the 
city of Chicago and marks an important advance in 
office building construction. The display rooms 
in the Michigan Avenue Building, which is known 
as the Karpen Building, contain examples of the 
most modern and exquisitely finished specimens of 
furniture made in the United States. 

In 1902 the firm was incorporated under the laws 
of the State of Illinois, Mr. Karpen becoming sec- 
retary and treasurer. The principal factory is lo- 
cated at Twenty-second and Union streets, Chicago. 
Here are employed seven hundred and fifty men in 
turning out a product that is sold all over the 
United States. Salesrooms are maintained at Chi- 
cago, New York and Boston, and an Eastern fac- 
tory at Bush Terminals, Brooklyn, New York. 

Although never actively engaged in politics. Mr. 
Karpen has always taken a keen interest in all 
movements for the political and civic betterment 
of Chicago and the State of Illinois. In 1914 he was 
appointed by Governor Dunne as a member of the 
Illinois Commission to the Panama-Pacific Inter- 
national Exposition and was made chairman of that 
body. Despite his multifarious personal affairs. 
Mr. Karpen found time to take a personal Interest 
in the Illinois Building and exhibit at San Fran- 
cisco. He devoted much time to arranging the de- 
tails of the proposed building and the exhibits that 
were placed therein. The untiring efforts he de- 
voted to this task were responsible in a large 
measure for the excellent showing that Illinois 
made at the exposition. When the fair was opened 
Mr. Karpen made the trip to San Francisco and as- 
sisted in getting the Illinois structure into final 
shape for opening. 

In addition to his off ire with S Karpen aim 
Brothers, Mr. Karpen Is secretary and treasurer 
of the Wenborne, Karpen Dryer Company and the 
Redmanol Chemical Products Company. 

He is a member of the Chicago Athletic Cluh, 
the Germania, Swedish, Chicago Automobile Club 
and the Sportsmen's Club of America. He is also 
a member of the Masonic order. 






Francisco and Los Angeles, California, is a 
native of Scotland, born on January 1, 1862. 
He is the son of James Barneson and Eliza- 
beth Rose (Breraner) Barneson. He married Har- 
riet E. Harris at Sydney. Australia, January 8, 
1886, and to them there have been born four chil- 
dren, John Leslie Barneson. Muriel E. Barneson, 
Lionel T. Barneson and Harold J. Barneson. 

Captain Barneson. who has been one of the 
most important figures in commerce and develop- 
ment on the Pacific Coast for some years past, 
spent a considerable portion of his boyhood in 
New South Wales. He received his education in 
the public schools there, this being limited, how- 
ever, to attendance between the years 1872 and 
1876. Descended from an old Scotch family in 
whom love of the sea was a strong characteristic, 
Captain Barneson, in 1S76, gave up his books and 
accepted employment with an English marine cor- 
poration operating vessels in the Australian, Lon- 
don and China trades. He began his career as an 
apprentice seaman on a "tea clipper," and al- 
though he was only a boy of fourteen years, he 
endured all the trials of a sailor's life with the 
fortitude of a veteran. 

In 1879, at the end of three years of service 
before the mast. Captain Barneson, who had learned 
the science of navigation in its various branches, 
was promoted to the rank of Third Officer of his 
ship. He served in this capacity for about a year 
and in 1880 was moved up to the position of Second 
Officer. From this he went rapidly to the post 
of First Otficer, and in this capacity, on board the 
English bark "Wollahra," he made his first trip 
to San Francisco in 1882. Prior to this time lie 
had sailed between English, Chinese and Australian 
ports and was familiar with the various cities of 
those countries, but his work had never taken him 
to America, to which country he had always been 
strongly attracted. 

Captain Barneson served as First Officer of the 
hark "Wollahra" for approximately three years, 
although, in 1SS3, upon attaining his majority, he 
passed the necessary examinations at London and 
received his Captain's papers. In 1885 
placed in command of the English clipper ship 
"George Thompson," running in the Pacific trade. 
\u remained in charge of this vessel foi 
five years, and in December, 1890, resigned his 
commission and retired from the sea aft< 
fifteen years of continuous service 

Following his abandonment of life ;^ a sailor, 
Captain Barneson settled on Puget Sound ami . n- 
gaged in the shipping commission and stevedore 
business. His previous practical experience in the 
service and his extensive acquaintance with ship 
owners and sailors placed him among the leading 

men ol the business, and from i lie out ■ • i 

with that success so marked throughout his 

For eight years Captain Barneson devoted him- 
self exclusively to this business, but in June, 1898, 
following the outbreak of the Spanish-American 
War. he left Puget Sound in command of the S. S. 
"Arizona" and entered the service of the United 
States Government as Commander of that vessel, 
which had been transformed into a transport. The 
Federal Government at this time was engaged in 
the transportation of soldiers to the Philippine 
Islands to take possession of Manila and Captain 
Barneson, sailing from San Francisco in charge 
of the "Arizona." took troops to the scene of war. 
He also carried troops to Honolulu, Hawaii. 

After a period engaged in the transportation 
of soldiers, Captain Barneson retired from the Gov- 
ernment service and returned to the Puget Sound 
country. He did not remain there long, however, 
moving his headquarters to San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, in 1S99, and there continuing in the ship- 
ping business for some time. 

Upon the formation by the United States Gov- 
ernment of the permanent Army Transport Service, 
some months after he located at San Francisco, 
Captain Barneson, whose previous work as captain 
of the Troopship "Arizona" had been highly ap- 
proved by the Government officials, was appointed 
to the position of Marine Superintendent. In this 
capacity he had complete supervision over all ves- 
sels engaged in the transportation of troops from 
this country to the Insular possessions of the 
United States in the Pacific and was one of the 
most important officials in the service. His duties 
in this position covered practically everything con- 
nected with the movement of troops except the 
actual command of the soldiers He had to inspect 
every ship, see that it was in first class condition 
from the standpoints of seaworthiness and sanita- 
tion, provide supplies and have them put on board, 
ind generally oversee everything connected with the 
sailing of the vessels, in 1900, however, Captain 
Barneson resigned from this post and re-entered 
the shipping business, again at San Francisco. 

This virtually wound up the career of Captain 
Barneson so tar as it related to the Bea, tor since 
that time he has been engaged in various of the 
most important commercial and development proj- 
ects on the Pacific Coast lug things which have 
placed him anient; the most powerful business men 

of the West 

About the time that Captain Barneson gave up 
his position in the United states transport bi 
the oil business ot California was taking on Im- 
portant proportions, and he turned his attention 
to this line of operation, with the result that he 
has become one of the conspicuous, yet always 
substantial figures in the petroleum Industry of 

California. He Is S producer in a big way, and. 



more important still to the industry, he is furnish- 
ing outlets for the product. 

The California oil fields, as their history shows, 
have, within a comparatively few years, come to 
be regarded as among the best and most productive 
in the world. Many millions of dollars are in- 
vested there, millions of dollars have been made 
from it, and the business ranks as the leading 
wealth producer of the State. Numerous sections 
of the country have been developed and populated 
as a result of the oil discoveries, and Captain 
Barneson, who has associated with him other of 
the leading men in the producing and marketing 
of the product, is generally credited with having 
had an important influence in this work of advance- 
ment. He has been identified, at different times, 
with numerous important concerns, but his chief 
affiliation at this time (1913) is with the General 
Petroleum Company, the General Pipe Line Com- 
pany and subsidiary interests — one of the largest 
and most important group of organizations asso- 
ciated with the oil industry in the State. He nat- 
urally drifted to the larger end of the business — 
he could not help it, and, besides, little things don't 
look right in association with him — he's a big man. 

Captain Barneson is a man cut out for big 
things — he looks big, thinks big and acts big. He 
has a big back and chest, a big head and a big 
hand. When you grasp his hand you somehow 
feel the power of the man that is back of his 
handshake, and instinctively know that you are 
in the presence of things big. 

Even the smallest of the business affairs with 
which he has ever been associated he has handled 
in a big way and they quickly became big affairs. 

Early in his career as an oil operator. Captain 
Barneson realized the importance of pipe lines in 
the transportation of oil, and to this branch of the 
business he has devoted a great deal of time and 
energy. In association with Captain William Mat- 
son, a well known capitalist of San Francisco, he 
aided in the organization of the Coalinga Oil Trans- 
portation Company, and together they built the 
first pipe line in California, from the celebrated 
Coalinga fields, in the heart of the California oil 
region, to the coast city of Monterey, California. 
Through this pipe line, which is one hundred and 
thirteen miles in length and still operating, the 
first Coalinga oils were delivered to Monterey, and 
from there by ship to various Pacific Coast and 
Hawaiian ports. This line, which at the time of 
its construction was the longest in California and 
pumped more oil than any other pipe line in the 
State, marked a new era in California oil produc- 
tion and resulted in a tremendous saving of time 
and money to its owners. 

The General Petroleum Company, of which Cap- 
tain Barneson is Vice President and Managing 
Director, is one of the largest concerns operating 
in the California fields, and he, as the executive 
force in its affairs, has been largely responsible for 
the progress it has made. The company has wells 

operating in the richest fields of California, pro- 
ducing thousands of barrels of oil per day, operates 
its own refineries and ranks among the leading 
shippers of oil in the United States. 

The General Pipe Line Company, of which he 
is President, was organized in the year 1911 for 
the purpose of building a pipe line to connect the 
properties of the General Petroleum Company in 
the famous Midway oil fields of California with 
the city of Los Angeles and the port of San Pedro, 
California (Los Angeles Harbor), and for the pur- 
pose of distributing the General Petroleum Com- 
pany's oil to foreign ports. This line, which is 
one hundred and eighty-three miles in length, is 
an eight-inch main line with feeders in the field. 
It has twelve powerful pumping station, in the 
planning of which Captain Barneson had an active 
part, and the entire project cost in the neighbor- 
hood of four million dollars. An interesting fact 
in connection with this pipe line is the rapidity 
with which it was built. Work on it was begun 
some time in the month of September, 1912, and 
by the first of March of the following year oil was 
being delivered through it, the entire period of 
construction being somewhat less than six months. 

The combined business of the General Petro- 
leum Company and the General Pipe Line Com- 
pany is among the largest in California, and they 
also form an important chapter in the history of 
California oil production and commercial advance- 
ment. Starting in business during the year 1910, 
the General Petroleum Company, in which Captain 
Barneson is a dominant factor, has made one of 
the most remarkable advances in commercial an- 
nals. Its lands are to be found all over the State 
of California, where oil beds are, and by its acqui- 
sition, in the latter part of 1912, of the Union Oil 
Company's holdings, it became the largest owner 
of oil land in that State. With the completion of 
its various pipe line projects it ultimately will have 
the greatest mileage of pipe lines in the State and 
also the largest fleet of oil-carrying ships engaged 
in the foreign trade. 

Captain Barneson devoted the greater portion 
of his time to the "General" companies, being at all 
times in close touch with field operations and the 
thousand and one other details. But he also has 
a multitude of other interests. To all of them he 
gives close attention. Among these latter are the 
General Construction Company, of which he is 
President; the Wabash Oil Company, of which he is 
President; the Las Plores Land & Oil Company, 
of which he is President; Coalinga Kettleman Oil 
Company, Vice President; Sauer Dough Oil Com- 
pany, of which he is a Director; Bankline Oil Com- 
pany, of which he is President; Union Oil Company, 
Director; Union Provident, Director, and a multi- 
tude of other concerns connected directly or indi- 
rectly with the oil business. 

The Wabash Oil Company, mentioned above, 
was one of the most remarkable undertakings with 
which Captain Barneson has been identified. Or- 



ganizing it about the year 1908, he was in active 
control of its operations for about three and a half 
years, and it was one of the most successful com- 
panies in the field. Stockholders who went into it 
with Captain Barneson at the time it was organized 
paid thirty-five cents a share for their stock and 
during the three and a half year period they were 
paid dividends of forty-six cents per share. He 
finally brought about negotiations which resulted 
in the sale of the property at a price which paid 
the stockholders one dollar and seventy-two cents 
per share. 

As President or Director of various land and im- 
provement companies he is interested in land de- 
velopment in various sections of California and is, 
as in everything he is identified with, an influential 
factor in their operations. These companies in- 
clude the San Vicente Land Company, Santa Bar- 
bara Improvement Company, Residential Develop- 
ment Company, San Mateo Improvement Company 
and others. He also serves as President of the San 
Mateo Hotel Company, Barneson-Hibberd Company, 
Barneson-Hibberd Warehouse Company, Macondray 
& Company and the Tyee Whaling Company. 

He has various other interests — all big — but 
these serve to show the diversity of his operations. 
The great majority of the concerns with which he 
is identified are engaged, in one way or another, in 
the development of the resources of the country. 

During his residence of more than ten years in 
San Francisco, Captain Barneson has been one of 
the most enterprising and progressive business men 
in the city and in behalf of the city. He is not 
an active participant in political affairs and never 
had any ambition to hold public office, but he does 
take a keen interest in all things relating to the 
welfare or advancement of San Francisco, political- 
ly and otherwise, and has shown his devotion on 
many occasions. 

He has been a member of the San Francisco 
Chamber of Commerce from his earliest days in 
that city and during the intervening period has 
been closely identified with the various civic move- 
ments inaugurated by the organization. He was a 
Director for many years and also served for a time 
as Vice President of the Chamber. During those 
years of office he was extraordinarily active in the 
work of the body and helped in a lavish way to 
entertain the various important visitors from for- 
eign countries, one notable group being the dele- 
gates from the Japanese Chamber of Commerce 
who made a tour of the United States several years 
ago, which resulted in adding much to t he trade 
relations of the two countries, and did a great deal 
toward re-establishing the friendly feeling existing 
between the governments. 

In 1906, following the earthquake and fire disas- 
ter which placed the city in ruins, Captain Barne- 
son was one of the first men to start on the work 
of regeneration and in addition to giving valuable 
aid to the sufferers during that trying period, led in 

the work of rebuilding which has made a new city 
of San Francisco, greater in every way than it was 
before the disaster. 

Captain Barneson has been one of the most en- 
thusiastic advocates of the Panama-Pacific Exposi- 
tion which, in 1!H.">. will celebrate the opening of 
the Panama Canal with a world's fair, and as one 
of the Directors of the company which is to build 
the fair, has had an active part in the planning of it. 

He was one of the original members of the com- 
mittee which caused San Francisco to be chosen by 
Congress as the scene of the fair, and although he 
sought to evade the honor of being one of the build- 
ers of the exposition, he was selected as a member 
of the Board of Directors. Once selected, however, 
he went into the work vigorously and has been tire- 
less in the work of perfecting the organization. 

It is San Francisco's desire, with the exposition, 
to show to the world the work that has been done 
by its citizens, and Captain Barneson, as one of the 
men who have been actively engaged in this work, 
entered into the proposition with all of his excep- 
tionally great energy. 

Captain Barneson is essentially a self-made man. 
Beginning as he did, in the capacity of a sailor 
boy, he was compelled to fight his way at all times, 
and it was purely through determination, combined 
with physical ability of an exceptional order, that 
he was enabled to overcome the difficulties which 
he encountered. The experience he gained at sea, 
however, the hard work and strict discipline which 
prevailed, has proved invaluable to him and has 
been responsible for a large part of his success. To 
his wonderful physical powers he owes much. En- 
dowed with great strength and endurance, he 
has been enabled to accomplish an extraordinary 
amount of work in his life, and on many occasions 
has accepted tasks which were given him because 
of his power to "stay" and accomplish. 

During his days as a sailor Captain Barneson 
visited many parts of the world, but since retiring 
from the sea he has also done a great amount of 
traveling and has visited various sections of the 
United States and Europe, his business extending 
to the most remote parts of the globe. 

Captain Barneson is a man of unusual personal 
magnetism and is one of the most popular men in 
business and social circles on the Pacific Coast. 
He is of affable temperament, devoted to his family 
and his work. He maintains offices in San Fran- 
cisco and Los Angeles, but his home is in the 
former city, and he divides bis tune between the 
two places. 

In addition to his prominence in business circles, 
he also is a well known clubman, his membership 
including the Pacific-I'nion Club, Union league 
Club. Olympic Club. Press Club, Bohemian Club. 

Commercial Club and San Francisco Yacht Club, 

all of San Francisco; the California Club of Los 
Angeles and the San Mateo Polo club, of which he 
is Vice President. 






PACKARD, BURDKTT ADEN, Banker, cattle 
raiser and farmer, Douglas, Arizona, was 
born in Portville, New York, November 1, 
1S47, the son of Ashley Giles Packard and 
Virtue Vorancy (Crandall) Packard. He has been 
twice married, his lirst wife. Klla Lewis, whom he 
married at Portville, November 27. 1S79, having 
died in that place April 2, 1S93. To them were 
born three children, Gertrude L. (now Mrs. Max 
B. Cottrell), Ashley B. and Dorothea Packard. 
He married the second time at Tucson, Arizona, 
on June 27, 1902, taking for his bride Carlotta 
Wood Holbrook. 

Mr. Packard comes of a family of hardy Amer- 
icans, noted for the longevity of its members. His 
grandparents were early pioneers of western New- 
York and northeast Pennsylvania, where they 
had gone from their native States, Rhode Island 
and Connecticut. His paternal grandfather was a 
tanner by profession and in his day was a promi- 
nent citizen of Tioga County. Penn. His wife, Mr. 
Packard's grandmother, was the mother of thirteen 
children who lived to man and womanhood. She 
was 107 years of age when she died. She had five 
sons in the Civil War, one of whom was the father 
of Mr. Packard, and all lived through the struggle, 
returning home at the close of hostilities. On the 
maternal side Mr. Packard's grandparents also 
were long-lived. Captain M. M. Crandall, his grand- 
father, was prominent in the affairs of New York 
State and received his title as a reward for serv- 
ice in the New York militia. He was ninety-three 
years of age when he died and his wife, who had 
borne eleven children, also lived to a fine old age. 
Mr. Packard's father was a lumberman on the Alle- 
gheny River and also conducted a large farm at 
Portville — where B. A. Packard was born — and 
lived to be seventy-six years of age, his wife at- 
taining the age of seventy-eight. 

Mr. Packard received his early education in 
the public schools of his native town, and during 
the winters of 1S64 and 1865 was a student in a 
private school at Ceres, McKean County, Pennsyl- 
vania, conducted by Miss Maria King, a Quakeress. 
He concluded his studies there in the winter of 
1865-66 and in February of the latter year entered 
the employ of J. R. Archibald as clerk in a general 
merchandise store at Millgrove, New York. He 
remained with the house for about six years, serv- 
ing as manager of the store during the last two 

On June 1. 1ST::. Mr. Packard, emulating the 
example of "Jim" Fisk and other notable Ameri- 
cans, embarked in a wholesale Yankee notion busi- 
ness. He had three wagons and drove from town 

to town iii Western New Vork and Pennsylvania 

for several years, but his venture did not prove 
altogether successful and he next formed a part- 
nership with M. It Bennle al Rixford, Pennsyl- 
vania, in the Bradford-McKean County oil district 
They engaged in a general oil well, supply and 
hardware business, which was Incorporated under 
the name of Bennie and Packard in January, 
l >77. he Joined M. C. Guider In a similar enter 
prise at Coleville, Pennsylvania, this house operat- 
ing as M. c. Guider & Company. 

Mr. Packard served as manager of both houses 
and in addition to the duties attaching to this 
dual position, was actively engaged in the produc- 
tion of oil. He remained in business until Jan- 
uary 1, 1880. but sold out his interests at that time 
and moved to the then far West. He had pur- 
chased stock in the Vizna and Silver Cloud mines 
in the Tombstone mining district and he made his 
headquarters at Tombstone, Arizona. This was 
the beginning of his career as a mine operator and 
he has continued to operate from that time down 
to date, his properties being located in Arizona and 
the State of Sonora, Mexico. 

In 1SS4 Mr. Packard engaged in the cattle busi- 
ness in Cochise County, Arizona, and two years 
later formed the company known as the Packard 
Cattle Company, with large herds on the ranges 
of Cochise County and Sonora, where he had early 
acquired the ownership of an extent of land. He 
is still engaged in cattle raising on a large scale 
and at the present time, through the Packards' 
Investment Company, a corporation composed of 
members of his family, owns one hundred thousand 
acres of land in Sonora, stocked with high-grade 
and pure-bred cattle. This company also owns a 
magnificent, highly improved farm in the Salt 
River Valley, near Phoenix, Arizona. 

During his long residence in Arizona Mr. Pack- 
ard has been an active and important part in the 
upbuilding of that section of the Southwest and 
has been a commanding figure in the financial 
growth of the country. In 1897 he aided in the or- 
ganization of the Bank of Bisbee and was a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors of that institution 
from the time of its organization until June, 1910. 
He also served as President and General Managing 
Director of the Moctezuma Banking Company of 
Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico, for several years and 
President and Managing Director of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Douglas. Arizona, one of the strong 
financial institutions of the West. 

Mr. Packard, in addition to his business inter- 
ests, has also taken an active part in the political 
affairs of Arizona. He has always been a firm 
supporter of the Democratic part] and its candi- 
dates and was the Representative of his district 
in the Upper House of the Arizona Legislature for 
eight years. He has also figured prominently In 
the conventions of his party and three times was 
elected delegate from Arizona to the national con- 
vention of the Democratic party, 

He has been one of the leaders in civic enter- 
prise ever since he lirst located In Arizona and 
as one of the enthusiastic members o) the dire" 
torate of the Douglas Chamber ol Commerce has 

given liberally of his ti and fortune to various 

movements having tor their object the upbuilding 
of the citj 

Mr. Packard has I n an extensive traveler, 

having visited practically every part of the civil- 
ized world He lias been iii every state of the 
Union, most of the countries of Europe and in 1910 
made an extended trip to the Orient, spending con- 
siderable time In China. Japan and the Philippine 
Islands He is a Thirty second Degree Mason. 

member ol the Mystic Shrine 



Los Angeles, California, was born on 
the Isle of Man. November 8, 1862, 
the son of William Kelby and Isabella 
(Brew) Kelby. He married M. Eugenia De 
Haven at Council Bluffs, Iowa, January 17, 
1894, and to them there has been born one 
child, Alta Dahlia Kelby. Mr. Kelby. who 
came to the United States when he was 
fifteen years of age, at- 
tended an Episcopal acad- 
emy and was prepared for 
college u in! e r Professor 
John D. Brown. He in- 
tended taking a theologi- 
cal course and entering 
the ministry as a profes- 
sion, but a sudden and 
radical change in his 
views about that time 
m a d e it inconsistent 
for him to enter college 
and be took up other 

Upon his arrival in 
this country Mr. Kelby 
located at Galena, Illi- 
nois, and there became a 
clerk in a general store. 
He served in this capacity 
for several years and 
while so engaged also 
took up the study of law 
with YV. D. McHugh. In 
1887 he moved to Omaha, 
Nebraska, still continuing TAS. E 

his law studies, and was 
admitted to the bar in that State in 

Immediately following his admission to 
practice, Mr. Kelby entered the office 
of the late Charles J. Green, attorney for 
the Burlington Railroad, with whom he re- 
mained until April, 1895. At that time 
he was appointed Assistant to the Gen- 
eral Solicitor of the same company, 
Charles E. Manderson, twice United States 
Senator from Nebraska. Upon Mr. Man- 
derson's retirement from the position in 
January, 1907, Mr. Kelby was appointed 
General Solicitor for the Burlington and con- 
tinued to serve in that office for the next five 

Toward the latter part of his tenure Mr. 
Kelby's wife's health became impaired and 
he determined to move their home to a more 
congenial climate. Accordingly, in January, 
1912, he resigned his connection with the 

Burlington after twenty-three years of serv- 
ice in the company's law department, and 
moved to Los Angeles. 

Mr. Kelby immediately formed a partner- 
ship with George C. Martin, a former asso- 
ciate in ( )maha, and within sixty days after 
his arrival was appointed attorney in South- 
ern California for the Union Pacific Railroad, 
a position he now holds in addition to his 
private practice. 

During his tenure as 
General Solicitor for the 
Burlington, Mr. Kelby 
figured in numerous im- 
]> o r t a n t cases for the 
company, these including 
the handling of all its 
land cases and rate issues 
before the Interstate 
Commerce Commission 
and other governmental 

Mr. Kelby has always 
been a strong supporter 
of the Democratic party 
and during his residence 
in Nebraska was a prom- 
inent figure in local and 
national politics. In the 
campaign of 1890 and 
1891 Mr. Kelby took the 
stump in the interest of 
William Jennings Bryan, 
who was at that time 
running for Congress the 
KELBY fi rst time. Mr. Bryan, 

who later was to become 
the leader of the Democratic party and a 
three-time candidate for the Presidency of 
the LTnited States, was running in the First 
Nebraska District, of which Douglas County 
was a part, and Mr. Kelby delivered numer- 
ous addresses through that part of the dis- 

From that time on Mr. Kelby was a firm 
supporter of Bryan, supporting him through 
his subsequent campaigns. He also was one 
of the charter members of the Jacksonian 
Democratic Club of Omaha and had a voice 
in the affairs of the party councils. 

Mr. Kelby has distinguished himself as an 
orator, and was one of the strongest speakers 
in the ranks of the Democratic party. He is 
a Mason, Knight Templar and member of the 
Mystic Shrine. His clubs are the Omaha 
Commercial Club, Omaha Country Club, 
Palimpsest Club, Chicago Athletic Club and 
the University Club of Omaha. 



erator, Capitalist, Salt Lake City, 
Utah, was burn in New York City, 
in 1854, the son of a family with the best 
American traditions for a number of genera- 
tions. He married Miss [da 11. Stingley, 
of Virginia, descendant of one of the signers 
of the Declaration of Independence; the 
marriage took place in the year 1883. 

He is known in Salt 
Lake City as the man 
who has done more for 
the upbuilding of the 
city than any other, the 
one who converted a 
small country town into 
a modern American city 
of the first class. He is 
uiie of those men whose 
pride in the city he has 
chosen for his home is 
such that he throws his 
fortune into its advance- 
ment anil beautification, 
and Samuel Xew house is 
the possessor of an im- 
mense fortune. 

He was educated in 
the p u b 1 i c schools of 
Philadelphia, and for a 
time read law. but in the 
year 1879 he went west to 
Colorado, on the crest of 
the Leadville rush. Mr. 
Newhouse thought li i s 
future was in the publish- 
ing field, and he started a 
progressive newspaper in the mountain city. 

There was no railroad line to Leadville. 
and all the essentials of life had to be 
Freighted in from Denver, up mountain 
canyons and over mountain passes. There 
developed the greatesl freighting service 
that America has ever known, in which 
thousands of mules were used and fortunes 
made in months. Newhouse thought this 
was a -mid chance, and it proved to be. He- 
fore the railroad had reached Leadville he 
managed to put by his first good stake. 

lie put this capital into good mining 
prospects, and his rise to wealth and position 
was s, , rapid thai it was marked by days 
and weeks, and not b\ years. 

Me became a power in Colorado. Me did 
not confine himself to the Leadville district, 
but entered the (dear Creek country west of 
Denver, and opened up some of the great 
silver properties. There he left behind him 


such monuments as the Xew house tunnel, 
one of the most ambitious bores in the his- 
tory of mining development, and mining 
towns like Idaho Springs and Georgetown 
He helped upbuild Denver and is responsible 
for the Denver & [ntermountain Railway, an 
electric interurban which connects Denser 
and Golden, lie moved to Utah in 1896, 
when his holdings in tile latter Slate became 
more important than his 
D e n v e r In ridings. I ie 
gained control of the 
Highland Boy mine, at 
Bingham, Utah, now in- 
corporated as the Utah 
Consolidated. The Stand- 
ard ( )il later bought con- 
trol of this property for 
$6,000,000. He went into 
the Boston Consolidated, 
which owns whole moun- 
tains of copper ore, and 
has big interests in the 
Xew house and Cactus. 
1 le laid out and built the 
model town of Xew house, 
Utah. I lis interests ha\ e 
become so wide that he 
has to maintain offices in 
London and Xew York, 
as well as at Salt Lake 
City. He has bought 
considerable areas of 
Xew York City property 
and is becoming a big 
figure in that city. 

What he has done for 

ikelj t' i l>eci 'ine his most 

He was the first man 

Salt Lake City i 
striking monument, 
to build a modern steel skyscraper, and he 
did not stop at that, but built three, and 
they are among the finest in the western half 
of the United States. Me has also had 
erected other tine buildings, among them 
one of the must beautiful of private resi- 
dences. Me owns much residence property, 
and this in- lias had improved and beautified 

ill the best style. 

Me has brought immense sums of foreign 
capital, chiefly English, to Utah, to be used 
in the development of her varied resources, 
and his credit is high in the world's financial 

In Salt Lake Cit) he is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Commercial Club and Mining Ex- 
change, and belongs to tin- best social clubs. 
Me .id. is a member of must ,,f the best 
clubs (if Xew York and London. 






Grower, Los Angeles. California, was born 
at Los Angeles, May 6, 1889, the son of 
Charles A. and Aurelia (Arenas) Ross. On 
the maternal side, Mr. Ross is a member of a no- 
table California family that traces Its ancestry 
back, through an illustrious line of Spanish pro- 
genitors, to Don Francisco de Palomares, who, 
but a few generations after Ferdinand VI and 
Maria graced the throne of Spain, was Governor 
of the famed castle of St. Gregory at Oran. 
Through his grandmother, who was Josefa Palo- 
mares, Mr. Ross' lineage runs, in an almost un- 
broken line, to Don Francisco and his immediate 
and remote descendants. The family's American 
history is closely interwoven with that of early 
California and Mexico, and its chronology, before 
the first American representative left Spain to 
found his fortunes in the new world, is rich with 
the deeds of men who held high office under the 
great kings of Spain. Through marriage and col- 
lateral kinship, the Palomares family is allied with 
the most heroic blood of California and the Span- 
ish southwest. Through his mother's sister, Am- 
para Arenas, Mr. Ross is a nephew, by marriage, 
of the late Cavalier Leopoldo Schippa Pietra. who 
with his brothers went to California from Italy 
and played an important part in the horticultural 
development of Ventura County. California. 

Don Francisco de Palomares' direct offspring, 
like their father, achieved fame and rose to high 
place in Spain. One son, Esteban, was a lieutenant 
colonel of the Knights of the Order of Santiago; 
another. Juan, succeeded his father as Governor 
of St. Gregory; another, Antonio, was a noted ju- 
rist and magistrate. Tracing the family history 
dow d to the American branch of the Palomares 
family, it is found that a still later Francisco de 
Palomares, a direct descendant of the original 
Francisco, was born at Toledo, Spain, in 1701, 
and died at Madrid in 1771. He had five children, 
one of whom. Francisco, was City Clerk of the 
city of Madrid, and another Juan Leocadio, who 
became the progenitor of the American branch of 
the family. Juan Leocadio de Palomares. in the 
middle of the eighteenth century, emigrated to 
Sonora, Mexico, where he married Dona Maria 
Antnnia Gonzales de Zayas, sister of the Padre 
Elias, an influential priest in the councils of the 
Spanish church and state. Their only son was 
Juan Francisco Palomares. who became the father 
of eleven children, whose descendants are scat- 
tered through Mexico and many of whom have 
played important parts in the history of that coun- 
try. One of these sons was Manuel Palomares, 
who became the father of Juan Leocadio Palo- 
mares. Juan Leocadio married Maria Antonia 
Gonzales. To this union was born Cristobal, who 
became the first California member of the fam- 
ily and the founder of the many branches of the 
Palomares kinship whose descendants have spread 
throughout that State. 

Cristobal Palomares went to California as a 
sergeant in the Mexican army, and as such, saw 
much active service, rendering a distinguished ac- 
count cii' himself in many Important campaigns in 

the Southwest. He later became an officer, and 
afterwards served as Judge in Los Angeles. His 
residence there stood on the present Bite o( the 

Arcade depot. Much of the early history 
of that city was being made when Cristobal 
Palomares was numbered among its first citizens. 
The eastern part of the city was for many years 
the headquarters of a numerous Palomares prog- 
eny. He married Benditla Luiza Sainz, by whom 
he had twelve children. One of his sons was Don 
Ignacio Palomares, who was one of the owners 
of the San Jose Rancho, where now stands the 
towns of Pomona, Lordsburg, Azusa, and other 
towns of the San Gabriel Valley, California. This 
vast area of twenty-two thousand three hundred 
and eighty acres, was a Mexican government 
grant, conferred on Ignacio Palomares, Ricardo 
Vejar and Luis Arenas, in 1S40. Some years ago 
when a transfer of the property made an abstract 
necessary, it required the work of six men for 
ninety days to translate the old Spanish deeds 
into English, and the abstract when completed 
filled thirty-eight volumes. 

Another of the children of Don Cristobal, was 
Josefa. the grandmother of Mr. Ross. When she 
was born, in 1S15, the pueblo of Los Angeles was 
but thirty-four years old. The famous missions 
were still at the height of their glory, the United 
States was an almost unheard of country on the far 
eastern edge of the continent, separated from the 
coast by a formidable mountain barrier. There 
were no schools, books were at a premium, and 
the men of learning in the colony were few. To 
Spain the infant city looked for all the good things 
in life. On the vessels that came from the Penin- 
sula were books, papers and other printed mat- 
ter. These, Josefa seized eagerly when opportu- 
nity offered and was thus enabled to secure the 
first rudiments of an education. When Governor 
Alvarado established his residence at Los Ange- 
les, she obtained a reader from his family, and on 
mastering its contents was compelled to abandon 
her studies for there were no more advanced 
books within her reach. 

At the age of fourteen she married Don Jose 
Maria Abila, whose ancestor, Cornelio Abila. came 
from Mexico in 1769. with Padre Junipero Serra, to 
establish the missions. He acted as custodian of 
the sacred vessels, had charge of the olive and 
grape cuttings for the orchards and was subse- 
quently mayordomo at San Gabriel. The mem- 
bers of the Abila family were among the wealthi- 
est California land owners of their time, among 
their properties being Sausal Redondo. Salina. 
Laguna Seca, Los Cuervos and Piletas ranchos, 
all situated in what is now the county of Los An- 
geles. Through her first husband Josefa Paid 
mares was to play a leading, though tragic part, 

in one of the historical events of the Mexican 
regime in California. In the one day she was 
made widow and orphan as a result of one of the 
earliest uprisings recorded in what later becami 
the turbulent scene of southwestern border strife 
In 1830 Manuel Victoria was appointed Cover 
in, r of California, hut he soon made himself ob- 
noxious to his people by his attempts to overturn 
Civil authority and substitute military rule With 
him was inaugurated the period of California rev- 
Olutions that lasted from 1830 until 1840. He ad- 
vocated tie- abolition of the ayuntamientos, or 
citj councils, thus attempting to take from the 
ettlements all forms of local self-government He 



also refused to call together the territorial depu- 
tation, a body of men that corresponded to the 
Legislature. He exiled leading citizens and at dif- 
ferent times, on trumped up charges, had half a 
hundred of them in the pueblo jail at Los Ange- 
les. Vicente Sanchez, the then Alcalde, was the 
petty despot of the pueblo who carried out Vic- 
toria's orders. Among those who were impris- 
oned was Jose Maria Abila, the husband of Dona 
Josefa Palomares. Abila had incurred the hatred 
of both Victoria and Sanchez. 

Sanchez, under orders from Victoria, placed 
Abila in prison and to humiliate him put him in 
irons. He also imprisoned Don Abel Stearns and 
Don Jose Antonio Carrillo, two other leading citi- 
zens. Victoria's persecutions became so unbear- 
able that the standard of revolt was raised at San 
Diego. The commandant of the presidio at San 
Diego, and his officers with a force of fifty sol- 
diers, joined the revolutionists and marched to 
Los Angeles. Sanchez's prisoners, among them 
Abila, were released and Sanchez was chained up 
in the jail. Abila and a number of the released 
prisoners joined the revolutionists and marched 
to attack Victoria, who was moving with an armed 
force to suppress the insurrection. The two 
forces met on the plains of Cahuenga, west of Los 
Angeles. The sight of his persecutor so enraged 
Abila that he rushed upon him to run him through 
with his lance. Abila succeeded, after slaying one 
of Victoria's staff, in wounding the Governor him- 
self, but in doing so received a pistol ball that un- 
horsed him. After a desperate struggle in which 
he seized Victoria by the foot and unhorsed him, 
Abila was shot dead by one of Victoria's soldiers. 
Victoria was taken to the mission San Gabriel 
and soon afterward fled to Mexico. Abila's body 
was taken to his residence in Los Angeles, from 
which it was buried. 

The news of the death of his son-in-law proved 
a fatal shock to Don Cristobal Palomares, who had 
just retired from the office of District Judge. A 
demand for valuable papers was made upon him, 
which papers he delivered, getting up from a sick 
bed to do so, but dropping dead as he re-entered 
his home. This left Dona Josefa, at the age of 
fifteen, a widow and an orphan in the same day. 
Four years later Dona Josefa married Luis Arenas, 
who was associated with her brother Ignacio in 
the ownership of the San Jose Rancho, also owner 
of the San Mateo ranch in Sonoma County, Cali- 
fornia. With him she removed to the northern 
part of California, where the three eldest chil- 
dren of that union were born. From there the 
family went to Ventura, near the mouth of the 
Ventura River, where her two younger children 
were born. These five children were Frank, Mrs. 
J. M. Miller, Mrs. Louise Stanchfield, ,Mrs. 
Schiappa Pietra, and Mrs. Aurelia Ross, the 
mother of Mr. Ross. Dona Josefa lived to a ripe 
old age, dying in 1901 at her home on South Grand 
Avenue, Los Angeles. 

Mr. Ross married Miss Alice Spillane at Los 
Angeles, January 27, 1913. His mother dying in 
1900, Mr. Ross and his brother and two sisters 
were reared and educated by his aunt and uncle, 
Mr. and Mrs. Schiappa Pietra. Leopold Schiappa 
Pietra, a portion of whose immense lima bean 
estate Mr. Ross subsequently inherited, came 
from a patrician Italian family whose ancestral 

home was in Albissola Marina, Province of Genoa, 
Italy. For some years he was in the employ of 
the Italian government. In 1866 he obtained a 
leave of absence to visit his brothers Frederico 
and Antonio, who had settled in California. These 
brothers were men of great enterprise who had 
gone to South America some years before but had 
finally removed to California, and who were own- 
ers of considerable property at the time of their 
brother's arrival from Italy. They purchased the 
Punta de la Loma property in Ventura County, 
comprising fourteen thousand acres. The brother 
Frederico died the year after Leopold's arrival, and 
the latter remained, in the hope of inducing An- 
tonio to return to Italy. 

Charmed by the climate Leopold Schiappa 
Pietra remained and with his brother continued 
the merchandising and farming industry of the 
firm. In 1890 they centered their agricultural 
pursuits to that of lima bean growing, on the 
Punta de la Loma farm, and became the largest 
growers of this product in the country. Not long 
ago 7000 acres of this farm were sold for $1,- 
000,000. In 1894, the brother Antonio died of 
the grippe while in Italy. In 1899 while on a visit 
to Italy, Leopold was made a Cavalier of the 
Crown of Italy. 

Mr. Ross was sent to school on the very 
ground where his distinguished ancestors cen- 
turies before had shaped the course of progress in 
California. He entered the academic department 
of St. Vincent's College, Los Angeles, where he 
remained until 1908, when he entered Santa Clara 
College. While Mr. Ross was at this school, which 
he attended for three years, his uncle, Leopold 
Schiappa Pietra, died during a tour or Europe, and 
Mr. Ross, his brother, Leo Charles, and his two 
sisters, Ida and Josephine, became heirs to one- 
half of the great Schiappa Pietra estate. 

This changed Mr. Ross' plans for the immedi- 
ate future, and he was forced to almost at once 
take up the plans for the maintenance of the in- 
heritance bestowed upon him. Part of his legacy 
was 800 acres of the Rancho Santa Clara del 
Norte, on which the Schiappa Pietra brothers had 
founded the great lima bean industry. Mr. Ross 
decided to follow in the footsteps of his distin- 
guished uncle, and in his twenty-first year took 
charge of the land. 

Under the management of Mr. Ross, the ranch 
has annually continued to turn out its vast supply 
of lima beans. The productivity of the property 
has also been materially increased. The industry, 
one of the growing ones in California, is rapidly 
increasing in importance, and Mr. Ross has taken 
hold with the intention of fostering and further- 
ing it wherever possible. In March, 1911, Mr. Ross 
entered into partnership in the real estate and in- 
vestment business with Frank J. Palomares, a de- 
scendant of Don Ignacio Palomares, the brother 
of Dona Josefa, Mr. Ross' grandmother. They or- 
ganized the firm of Palomares & Ross. 

Mr. Ross has been a shrewd investor in Los 
Angeles realty and his business in real estate has 
grown with rapid strides. The firm maintains 
offices in Los Angeles. 

Mr. Ross is a member of the Los Angeles Ath- 
letic Club, the Native Sons of the Golden West 
and the B. P. O. E. 



Pasadena, California, Soldier, Scout, Fron- 
tiersman and Mining Expert, was born near 
Mankato, Minnesota, May 11, 1861. Son of 
Rev. Edwin Otway Burnham and Rebecca Eliza- 
beth (Russell) Burnham. Married Blanche Blick, 
at Prescott, Iowa, February 6, 18S4. Three chil- 
dren were born, Roderick D., Bruce B. and Nada 
Burnham. Latter died of fever and starvation in 
siege of Bulawajo (Matabele campaign). South 
Africa. Major Burnham is descended of a family 

noted in every American war 
French and Indian wars. 
His father was a Ken- 
tuckian, a pioneer mis- 
sionary among the In- 
dians of Minnesota. The 
family passed through 
the uprising of Red Cloud 
at New trim, Minnesota, 
and on another occasion 
his mother, carrying him, 
lied from her home and hid 
the boy in bushes until the 
Indians had been driven 

The Major attended 
schools in Iowa and Cali- 
fornia, whither the family 
moved in 1870, but his real 
education was in the open. 
Richard Harding Davis, writ- 
ing of Burnham in "Real 
Soldiers of Fortune," says: 

n c 1 u d i n g the 



i.i I.. 

is filth.' 
.■< Ins! 
this ill 




rnham inhei - 

n Icra 1 1 . 

which in him 
iiii dei 
mountain lion, h»- had added tn 
the jungle ami on the pi 

us of the 

miisi relentless sc* 1- 

iiiK. In those j ears he has trained 
most ap- 
palling fatigue, hunger, th 
wounds has 
to Inflnlti patient 

to absolutt obi 

beating of his It 

.Major Burnham's father died when the lad was 
eleven years old. and the son worked for two years 
as a mounted messenger for the Western Union 
Telegraph Co. He was known as the hardest rider 
in Southern California. At fourteen he began his 
life as a scout and frontiersman, and for the next 
few years wandered over Arizona. Mexico. Cali- 
fornia and other parts of the Southwest. In 1878 
he went to the frontier of Texas as a cowboy and 
buffalo hunter, also doing police duty. In 1880 he 
moved to Arizona, and became a prospector and a 
scout in the Indian wars. 

In 1882, because of his daring, expert knowledge 
1,1 a Icraft and absolute fearlessness. Major Burn- 
ham was appointed Deputy Sheriff of Pinal County, 
Ariz., but served only a year, returning to his cat- 
tle and mining interests, scattered from Mexico to 
British Columbia. About 1884, he purchased an 
orange grove at Pasadena. Cal ., but after a few 
weeks of inactivity, went back to frontier life. 

Major Burnham, when he heard of the work of 
John Cecil Rhodes in South Africa, decided to go to 
that country. He sailed, in 1893, with his wii<- and 
small son. The first Matabele uprising was in prog- 
ress, so he went to Rhodesia and voluntered his 
services to the British. 

Here Major Burnham began the life of brilliant 

daring which placed him among the world's famous 
soldiers. His knowledge gained in the Indian wars 
was brought into play and he became one of the 
chief advisers of Cecil Rhodes and Dr. Jameson. 
The most historic event in the war was Major Alan 
Wilson's attempt, with 344 picked men. to capture 
Lobengula. the Matabele King, who was guarded 
by 3000 warriors. Burnham and Ingram were of 
this party and distinguished themselves. The at- 
tempt of Wilson failed, he and most of his men being 
massacred. Burnham, Ingram and another man were 
sent for reinforcements and after a thrilling trip. 
reached Major Forbes' com- 
mand, but he was engaged in 
a desperate battle and unable 
to go to Wilson's aid. Burn- 
ham and his comrades joined 
Forbes and helped fight to 
safety. Wilson's dash was 
made the subject of a war 
drama, with Burnham as one 
of the heroic figures, causing 
great enthusiasm throughout 
Great Britain, and Henseman, 
in his history of Rhodesia, re- 
ferring to it, says: 

'•One hardlj knows which to 
,st admin . the 
this 1I.1 



I, th 

ath • 

s, or 

■ 1 


tlK I 

ids " 

For his services the Gov- 
ernment and Cecil Rhodes 
gave Burnham and his com- 
panions 300 square miles of 
land, also the chartered com- 
pany gave him a campaign 
medal and an engraved watch. 
Returning to Rhodesia in 
1896, Major Burnham took 
part in the second Matabele 
uprising and distinguished 
himself by destroying the na- 
tive King. Umlimo. in a cave 
in the mountains, which act 
put an end to the rebillion. 
Burnham and his companion. 
who broke through the na- 
tive lines to get their man. had a thrilling escape 
Shortly after this Burnham left South Africa. 
and after a brief stay in California, went to the 
Klondike as a prospector. Upon hearing of the 
Spanish-American war he rushed back to the O. S. 
to volunteer his services, but was too late Colonel 
Roosevelt regretted this as much as Burnham and 
paid him a great tribute in his book. 

Burnham returned to the Klondike, but in 1900. 
upon being offered the post of Chief of Scouts by 
Field Marshal Lord Roberts, joined the British army 
in South Africa anil served through the Boor war. re- 
ceiving great honors from the British people. Upon 
being Invalided home, he was greeted by London as 
a hero, anil commanded by Queen Victoria to dine 
and spend a night at Osborne House. He received 
tie- campaign medal and was presented by King Ed- 
ward, personally, after the death of the Queen, With 
the Cross of the Distinguished Service Order He 
was given the rank of Major in the British Army. 

presented with a purse of gold, and received ,t per 
Bonal letter of praise from Lord Roberts. 

Major Burnham is associated in the Vaqul Delta 
Land >v Water in 's development of a large tract of 
land in old Mexico, with John Hays Hammond, com- 
panion of earlier days in the service of Cecil Rhodes. 

Major Burnham is a member Of the Masonic ordl r. 




Matson Navigation Company, San Fran- 
cisco, was born in Sweden, October IS, 
1S49. Coming of a seafaring race, he 
lias remained true to his traditions, and by in- 
herited industry, and not only his ability to make 
his own opportunities, but also to improve them, 
he has won a leading place in maritime and com- 
mercial circles on the Pacific Coast. His inter- 
ests are rated among the largest in the State. 

Until he was fourteen, 
years old, he attended public 
schools in Sweden, but even 
then took an intermission of 
a year to go to sea at the 
early age of ten. Returning 
to school, he stayed there 
until 1863, and then sailed 
for New York in the Aurora, 
a Nova Scotian vessel. 

After remaining a short 
time there he took passage 
in the Bridgewater for San 
Francisco, coming around 
the Horn, and not long after 
his arrival secured a berth 
as sailor on the old ship 
John J. 

On this he took a trip to 
Puget Sound and northern 
ports. He then transferred 
to the bark Oakland, return- 
ing to the Sound, but after 
this trip became a sailor on 
San Francisco Bay on the 
schooner William Frederick. 
At the end of two years he 
was captain of this vessel, 
engaged chiefly in carrying 

coal from Mt. Diablo to the Spreckels Sugar Refin- 
ery, situated then at Eighth and Brannan streets, 
where, it is interesting to note, Adolph Spreckels 
was at that time checking the cargoes Captain 
Matson was delivering from his schooner. Cap- 
tain Matson subsequently was made captain of 
the schooner Mission Canal, which he used for 
the same purpose. 

In 1SS2 Captain Matson built the Emma Claudina 
to run to the' Sandwich Islands, and thenceforward 
the evolution from a comparatively small business 
to the present extensive operations of the Matson 
Navigation Company was rapid. The enterprise 
began in the carrying of merchandise, especially 
of plantation stores, to the islands and returning 
with cargoes of sugar. This led to gradually ex- 
panding interests at both ends of the line, which 
kept pace with the commercial development of the 
country, with which Captain Matson was ever in 
close touch. After three years he sold the Emma 
Claudina and built the brig, Lurline, for the same 
trade. Soon he had three vessels running, and to 


this little fleet he constantly added, gradually re- 
placing the sailing vessels with iron and steam, as 
necessity dictated. Successively thereafter the flo- 
tilla was increased by the Santiago, Roderick Dhu, 
Falls of Clyde, Marion Chilcott, Monterey, all iron 
vessels, and then the steamers Hilonian, Enterprise 
and Rosecrans. The last steamers built, within the 
past few years, are the Lurline, named after his 
daughter, the Hyades and the Wilhelmina, each of 
which vessel has a carrying capacity of about nine 
thousand tons. 

After the discoveries of 
oil and the development of 
the industry, Captain Mat- 
son had some of his sailing 
vessels converted into oil 
carriers, the first to be in- 
stalled on this coast, and 
about the same time be- 
came heavily interested in 
he oil business itself. To- 
gether with William Crock- 
er, William Irwin and John 
A. Buck he built the pipe 
line from Gaviota to the 
Santa Maria oil fields, a dis- 
tance of forty-five miles, and 
then constructed one hun- 
dred and twelve miles more, 
from Coalinga to Monterey. 
At the end of four or five 
years, however, he sold his 
oil interests to the Associat- 
ed Oil Company, but a few 
years ago returned to the 
fields, organized, the Hono- 
lulu Consolidated Oil Com- 
pany, and is now more heav- 
ily interested than ever, his 
monthly payroll alone averaging about $110,000. 

For many years Captain Matson was a director 
of the Merchants' Exchange, and for a period was 
president of the Chamber of Commerce, which ab- 
sorbed the former body. Although he gives most of 
his attention to his navigation and oil interests he 
holds office in many corporations. He is president 
of the Matson Navigation Co., Honolulu Consolidat- 
ed Oil Co., Commercial Petroleum Co., Atlas Won- 
der Mining Co., Wonder Water Co.; director of the 
National Ice Co., Honolulu Plantation Co., Paauhau 
Sugar Plantation Co., Hakalau Plantation Co. and 
others. What little recreation he permits himself 
he finds chiefly in horseback riding, automobiling 
and in cultivating his taste for fast trotters, of 
which he owns some excellent performers. He has 
also found time to join the clubs and is a member 
of the Pacific-Union, Bohemian and Commonwealth. 
One of the high honors conferred upon Cap- 
tain Matson was his appointment as Consul of 
Sweden, giving him jurisdiction over the Pacific 
Coast, Alaska, Idaho, Utah, Nevada and Arizona. 





Hanking, Salt Lake City, Utah, was 
born in Picton, Prince Edward County, 
Ontario, September 14, 1837, the son 
of George McCornick and Mary (Vance) Mc- 
Cornick. He married Hannah Keogh at Aus- 
tin, Nevada, in January, 1867, and to them 
there were born ten children: William (de- 
ceased). Emma \\\, Henry A., Harry (deceased), 
Clarence K., Willis S.. Lewis B., Anna, Al- 
bert V. and Genevieve .Mc- 

Mr. McCornick'a parents 
were farmers and he spent 
his early days in the trying 
duties that go with life on a 
farm. The rudiments of his 
education he obtained at 
the public schools of his na- 
tive town, but he added to it 
by his own efforts and taught 
himself many things that did 
not appear in the curric- 
ulum of the school. He re- 
mained on the farm until he 
reached the voting age and 
then decided to go forth in 
the world. 

He pointed for the States 
and the Golden West, which 
seemed to offer the best op- 
portunities for fortune, and 
located at Marysville, Cal.. 
where he first went to work 
as a rancher. After two 
years there he went, in 1862. 
to the mining regions of .Ne- 
vada, the fame of the great 
Comstock lode having 

reached him. For the next eleven years he was en- 
gaged in lumber and mining pursuits in various 
parts of Nevada and at different times was located 
at Virginia City, Belmont, Austin and Hamilton. 

From Belmont, where he had rounded out a 
snug fortune, he went to Salt Lake City, arriving 
there in May, 1873, and within a month started the 
banking business of which he is the head today. 
The house was first known as White and McCor- 
nick, and it continued as such until 1875, when the 
firm name was changed to McCornick <t Company, 
with Mr. McCornick as sole owner. This house. 
probably the greatest of its kind in the inter- 
mountain country and surely one of the greatest 
Factors in the growth of Salt Lake City, was a one 
man proposition during the greater pan ol Its day 
(the one man being Mr McCornick), bul In 1910 it 
was Incorporated as a ;- and as such it 

is conducted 

Prom that first venture Mr McCornick lias be- 
come the large I Individual banker In Salt Lake. 
and in addition to the great institution which bears 

his name, he has interests in numerous other 
banks, among them the Utah National, ("tab Sav- 
ings Bank and Trust Company, Garfich 1 Ba 
Company, Twin Falls Hank and Trust Company, in 
all of which he is president; Firsl National of 
Nephi, of which he is vice president, and the First 
National of Logan, L'tah; First National of Park 
City and First National of Frier City, l'tah, in 
which he holds directorships. His early successes 
in the mining lands of Nevada gave Mr. McCornick 
an intimate knowledge which 
has served as the basis for a 
wonderful series of invest 
ments in that line, and today 
he holds numerous valuable 
interests in the various min- 
ing properties of Utah. He 
is a heavy stockholder in all 
of them, organizer of many 
and officer in most of them. 
Among his mining con- 
nections are Silver King 
Coalition Mining Company. 
Treasurer and Director; Daly 
West Mining Company. 
Treasurer and Director; Cen- 
tennial-Eureka. the Grand 
Central. He is also a direc- 
tor of the American Smelting 
and Refining Company, the 
Oregon Short Line Railroad 
Company, the Utah -Idaho 
Sugar Company, Utah Light 
and Railroad Company; Pres- 
ident Guardian Casualty Com- 
pany. President Raft River 
Land and Livestock Company, 
In Idaho: President Gold 
Belt Water Company, Utah; 
Vice President Consolidated Wagon and Machine 
Company. Vice President Hotel Utah. All of these 
are active, paying institutions and the brain of Mr 
McCornick is an important factor in the policies and 
success of each, because he gives to them quite as 
much of his vigorous, energetic methods as he does 
to his Ranking. 

While not an active politician. Mr. McCornick is 
possessed of a great civic pride and has always 
been ready to serve in any way that would benefit 
nis citj 

He served as a member of the Salt Lake 
City Council in isss, and some years later 
elected and served as President of that body. He 
was for seventeen years President of the Board of 
Trustees of the Utah State Agricultural College 
and did much to advance education. 

He was the first President ol the Alia Club, and 

Ion to his membership In that belongs to the 

i.ii i 'luii. He is a man ol generous im- 
pulses and his personal philanthropies have i q 

- ami practical 







UN'iU'H, HIRAM AUGUSTUS. Manager and 
Executor, estate of E. J. (Lucky) Bald- 
win, Arcadia, California, was born Novem- 
ber 1, 1845, at Valparaiso, Indiana, the sou 
of Joseph Unruh and Abigail (Bowman) L'nruli. 
On the paternal side lie is of German descent, 
while his mother is of the original Quaker stock 
that first settled in Pennsylvania. He married 
Jane Anne Dunn, October 10, 1SGS. at Gold Run, 
California. He has two sons, Joseph Andrew and 
David Spencer Unruh. 

Mr. Unruh is a soldier, railroad man, construct- 
ing engineer, banker, electrician and all-around 
business man of the highest caliber, and has had 
the varied education to fit him for a successful 
career in all these occupations. He lived and 
fought through the Civil War, and his was no hum- 
drum part, but among the most romantic and se- 
vere. He is a part of the early development of 
the West, one of the Pathfinders, one of the men 
the work of whose hands is seen in many thriving 
industries and great institutions, and whose names 
should be written wherever a history of the West 
is compiled. 

His parents entered him at Carley's Institute, 
now the Indiana State Normal School, at Valpa- 
raiso, Ind. But before he had finished his course 
the great War of the Rebellion broke out, and 
patriotism made an irresistible appeal. The boy 
of sixteen answered the first call for volunteers. 

He enlisted with the Twentieth Indiana Volun- 
teer Infantry, Company (', May 1, 1861, and, boy 
though lie was, was made a non-commissioned 
officer. The regiment was sent to the front, and 
stationed at Chicamaeomico Island. North Caro- 
lina. Mr. Unruh, along with hundreds of others, 
after a desperate battle, was captured by the 
overwhelming Confederate force. He was among 
the earliest confined in Libby Prison. Five months 
he suffered there, then was taken to Columbia, 
South Carolina, as one of the hostages for the 
rebel privateers captured by the North. He was 
released and honorably discharged from the 
service, by reason of being a "prisoner of war on 
parole. He began his parole in June, 1862. 

The North began capturing prisoners in num- 
bers, to balance those that were caught by the 
Confederate Army, so he was formally exchanged a 
few months later. He did not feel that he had 
yet done his duty in fighting for the Union, so he 
re-enlisted at the close of 1862 in Company K, 
First United States Marine Artillery Volunteers. 
known better as the Burnsiile Coast Guards and 
famed as the only U. S. volunteer corps of its kind 
in existence during the war. The position of these 
guards was one of the anomalies of the Civil War 
They were kept in active service tor two years, 
only to be honorably discharged on the ground that 
there was "no Congressional authority for organi- 
zation." By that time the war was over. 

Mr. Unruh at once studied telegraphy, anil be- 

- ame an operator for the Western i'nion Telegraph 
Company. He then accepted a better position with 

Wells. Fargo £ Co.. at Southern San Juan and Wat 
sonville. Cal., as agent, and held it from July. 1866, 
to January, 1867. 

Then began the period of his pioneering, The 
Central Pacific was under construction, an event 
of as much contemporary importance and Interest 

as the digging of the Panama Canal is today. He 
joined the telegraph construction crews building 
the first railroad telegraph line over the Sierra 
Nevadas. and was well ahead of the first whistle of 
the locomotive as the line was pushed eastward 
into the desert. When the line was con 
he «a.- promoted to advance agent and operator. 
This place he held until lstjy, when he was given 
the office of assistant freight agent of the Central 
Pacific at San Fram isco 

He saw the beginning of the freight traffii 
the new transcontinental railroad, and, although 
San Francisco and California were not then in an 
advanced state of development, the growth of the 
traffic was almost dramatic. He began with one 
clerk, and the opening weeks the two had hardly 
enough to do, aside from the necessary work of 
organization. Then came the flood. In less than 
five years under Mr. Unruh were eig