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(^imnty, (llamtccticitt 





Clerk of Superior Court, Member of the Connecticut Historical 
Society, Member of the Kansas Historical Society, Vice- 
President of the Litchfield Historical Society. 


l.lTCHI-lEI.n, CONN. 



1 ^. -1 





Edition Limited to 500 



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List di' Ii.i.istk aiioxs xi. 

St AT i: mi: NT «»i' I'm'- ^-'asi'. mii 

liDci'. (.'ii I i<i.ii's Ci'. X '1" i: X N I A I , .\|il)|<i;SS J. 

First settk'iiK'iu nf tlie tnwiis. County organization. County Officers. 
Character of llic ])c'o])lc. Iron Works. Religious matters. Colonial 
and Revolutionary Wars. Newspapers. Merchants. Slitting Mills. 
Xail rods. Scythes. Iron Mines. Paper Mills. Woolen Mills. Emi- 
gration to A'ermont and the Western Reserve. Education. Morris' 
Academy. Miss Pierce's School. The Law School. First Law Re- 
ports. Lawyers. Doctors. Authors. Foreign Missionary Society. 
Mission School at Cornwall. 'JV-nipi-rance Movement. Lifidclity. The 

Jk).\Ki).M.\x's Haui.v Lit'.iii's 39 

Partridge Thatcher. Daniel l^verelt. Tapping Reeve. John Allen. 
Barzillai Slosson. Samuel W. Southmayd. John Cotton Smfth. 
Nathaniel Smith. Noah P). lleiiedict. James Gould. Asa Bacon. 
Elisha Sterling. Ja])ez W. Huntington. Phineas Miner. Leman 

Skdcwjck's Fifty Yk.vks at tin; I'.ak 68 

Ci)rrespondence. Organization of the Courts. Chief Justice Hosmer. 
Judge Peters. Judge Chapman. Judge Brafnard. Judge Bristol. 
Judge Daggett. The'Superior Court. The County Court. Judge Petti- 
hone. Judge Strong, .judge Welch. Judges Burrall. Woodruff and 
Boardman. Clerk JFretlej-ick Wolcott. Sheriff Seymour. Messenger 
John Stone. Business of the County Court. Admission to the Bar. 
Practice. Authorities in i8o8. Judge Gould. Noah B. Benedict. Asa 
Bacon. General Sterling. Judge Boardman. Phineas Mfner. William 
G Williams. John Strong, Jr." William M. Burrall. Col. William 
Cogswell. Seth P. Beers. Perrv Smith. Roger Mills. Michael F. 
Mills. Charles B. Phelps. Matthew Minor. Ilolbrook Ciu'tis. Isaac 
Leavenworth. Roval R. Hmman. Josejih TI. Bellamy. Theodore 
North. Leman Church. William S. Holahird. George S. Boardman. 

Tl'dgk \\'.\kxi:r's Ri;m i x isci:xci:s too 

Experiences in the (u'ueral .\.-semlily. History of the Act allowing 
prisoners to testifv. Storv about Dwight Morris. Adoniiah Strong. 
Col Joshua Porter. John G. Mitchell. Phdander Wheeler. Aunt 
Poliv. John H. Hubbard. Roger Averill. Norton J. Buell. John 
Elmore. I<eman Church. Miles Toln Granger. Col. Jacob B. Har- 
denburg. George W Peet. Michael F. Mills. William K. Peck. Jr. 
William S. Holahird. Gideon Hall. Roland Hitchcock. Roger H. 
Mills. Jared B. Foster. Nelson Brewster. George Wheaton. Julius 
B. Harrison. Solon B. Johnson. Frederick Chittenden. John G. Reed. 


J I isidKir A!. \()'ri:s ii8 

'l"lu- tirsl Court Rt'CDril. Ivirly Atlnnu-ys. I'ri'scnt Attnnicys. Gov- 
cnH)rs. Judges, v'^latc .AluniK'ys. Ck'rks. SlicritY^. duui Houses. 
Jury matters. W'ituoscs. Stenograpliers. Sludeut--. I.iliraries. 
W'liite Fund. C'onut\ Ccutenuial. Judge l)aggeil'> I.elter. Ancieut 
Court Expenses. Couuty Court. 

XoTi'.i) Tki.m.s 144 

The Selliek-Osborne case. lilasi)lieuiy. Wrong Verdict Stands. A 
Funeral Order. Ral)ell(). R(>l)ert Drakely. Bernice White. WdHani 
H. Green. James LeRoy. Burglars on a hand car. Litiuor Prosecu- 
tions. Ma.sters vs. Warren Ro-hbins vs. Coffin, liiggins" (Hadley) 
escape. Michael Bion. liorgesson. Tax case. Mannering. Norman 
Brooks" Will case. Jolui T.'llayes. Haddock vs. Haddock. 

Cdinia C'()U()Ni;r. 1Ii:.\i.tii ( )1'1"ici;k. Attokni-v'.k.vt 165 

I'^JUSL" \,.\\\ kl'.l'OK'PS 168 

'J'lie preface. Fac-siuiilie. F.i)hraini Kirhy. lii- law liooks. 

Till'. CdlNTV J.\ll 176 

Till". Lri"ciii"ii:i.n Law Sciiooi 178 

Chas. C. Moore's article from the Law Notes. Charles C,. Loring"s ad- 
dress. A Students letter. Augustus Hand's letter. The Buildings. 
The Catalogue. 

nidCK.M'll KAI, XoTl'.S'.TR- Al.l.N' .\l<K.\ N C, I'.l ) 215 

LiGANS 307 

Ex-Governor and Ex-Chief Justice Andrews address. A demurrer de 
Kickapoo Indians. Sound Advice of .Albert Wadhams. 'I'he Annual 
Banquets. President Huntington's address. Rev. A. N. Lewis' letter. 
Hurlbutisms. Felicities. Poetry. Jokes. Judge's Evidence. Old 
Grimes. Complimentary dinner to Judge O. S. Seymour at Bridgeport. 
Watertown trial. New Milford Power Company. Sermon at the Ex- 
ecution of John Jacobs. 176S. Truman Smith. Jury Conimi^ssioners. 
County Commissioners. Comn Messengers. The Judgnuni Fde. 

InI)I;x dl" .\ A.MI'.S 


Old Litchfield i f Church. Samuel I 

Tearing down King- (".enrjie Slat ne 17 Cue William C. 78 

Old Writ 4S Cogswell. Lennanl W. 132 

County Centennial 1851 .U Coihreii. William 150 

Superior Court in Session 1 -'-' Dowd, W'heatnn I'". 144 

Court Houses i-'!>! JCllswortli. William W. 242 

Judge Preston's Tomhstone 14.^ luhendge. Frank W. 166 

First Law Rei)ort. fac-simile i^iS h'eiin. Augnsiu- A. 154 

County Jail I7(> Ko>ter. Jared B. Il6 

Law School Bn.ldings ]8o Could. James 184 

Reeve's Building IQ^ (^.ranger. Miles T. 156 

Gould's Building i<M Craves, Henry B. 152 

Mav it please the Court 308 Guern.sey. Howard M. 344 

Kickapoo Indians 3f4 Hall. Gideon Ho 

Ban(|uet 3i^> I larrix.n. George C. 342 

Old Grimes 3-'o Herman, Samuel A. 250 

Judges I'A-idence. fac-similie 3-^8 Hickox. George A. 250 

Title page of Old Sermon 340 Higgins. Richard T. 165 

Hitchcock. Roland Ii4 

PORTRAITS llnlcomh. Marcu> II. 167 

Allen, Henry J. i'>4 1 lollister. (Gideon II . 253 

Andrews, Charles B. 3'0. --"O Home. Samuel B. 254 

Bacon, Asa (Group) 63 Huhb-ard. John H. 106 

Francis 63 Huntington. James 256 

Kpaphroditus C. 63 Hurlhut, William F. 142 

Baldwin. Birdseyc 113 Karl. John J. 344 

George H. -'-'.^ Kilhourn, Dwight C. 119 

Barnes, Andrew G. 34-' Kirhv; Ephraim 170 

Beers, Seth P. 93 McMahon. James H. 136 

Beeman. Frederick D. L^8 Middlehrooks. Chesterfield C. 266 

Ballamy, Josepii H. 7^ MilL. Michael F. 7? 

Benedict, Noah B. .^S Mosher. Lewis W. .UO 

Botsford. Henry A. 229 Wdlis. Edward A. 162 

Brinsmade. Daniel X. 231 Xickerson. Leonard J. 163 

Buel. Chauncey J. 336 Xettleion. Cliarles 269 

Canheld. Judson 232 Pierpont. John 272. 345 

Col. Samuel iS Pettil)one. Augustus 7^ Hubert B. 344 Phelps. Charles B. 94 

Catlin. Ahijah 2.^6 Porter. Charles J. 160 

Georo-e 234 Plait. Orville H. 276 


KaiiM))!!. William I.. i_'4 TiiitK'. I'.yrMU 342 

Kocvc, Taitping — iMMiilisiiicco WanuT. Anliur 1). 167 

Iv.iraluu-k. Alhcrio T. 13;, Dunald j. lOO 

Kyan. Thomas F. 2-]' Dmiald T. 126 

Sanford. David C. -'78 \\\lcli, Cidoui II. 141 

lI.Miry S. -'So \\\'>m11s, Col. L. \V. 301 

Sedgwick. Cliarks F. 71 W'lualoii. ('.(.■or.oe 115 

.\ll)i.Tt 2S1 Williams. l<'rcd<.'ric M. 300 

Seymour. I'.dward W. i,iO linln.Ti 298 

(Irigcn S. 210 W'olcott. l-'ri-dcrick 81 

Ozias 287 (icn. Oliver 173 

Origen S.. 2iul 2%~ (>ov. Oliver 302 

Morris W. i'f^~ Woodruff, George C. 195 

Moses. Jr. 2S5 George M. 200 

Sliermau. Roger 172 Lewis B. 206 

Small. Jolni Cotton 28, 290 Morris. (Group) 306 

Truman 96 James P. 306 

Wellington B. 158 County Coroner.s 344 

Willcy T. 336 Messengers 344 

Turkington. Frank H. 299 Jury Commissioners 343 


The i)i"aciice of the law in the lui.^lish spcaKint;' colonies of the 
new wtii'ld ])rcvious to the organization of Litchhcld County is an 
interesting' >tu(l\ of \-arious melliods ol ])roce(lure all founded upon 
die ])raclice of the mother country. Some were co])ied from the 
common law courts, and some from the other courts and in hardly 
an\ two coU)nies was there similarity of practice, while the old com- 
mon law of Kui^iand was a general guide to the interpretation of the 
statute law, with such modifications in the I'uritan colonies as the 
mosaic law suggested to the religious teachers and ])ast<)rs thereof. 

Ahoul the lime our count}' was organi/A'd, these difTereiit modes 
of practice hegan to he cr_\stallized into a more estahlished form. 
There were practically no attorneys, as we now understand the 
term, "men learned in the law." In many sections there ,was some 
inrtuential man who was generally known as "the Squire." and 
whose oi)iiiions ruled the circle of his ac(|uainlaiice. In this county 
there were oiil\- five or six men who pretended to he lawyers. 

Directlv after the formation of the county and the establishment 
of the county court, these men were admitted to i)ractice as at- 
torne\s with slight examinations, and with little knowledge of tlie 
law, but they were strong-minded and of sterling character, oracles 
in their own communities, ami they very soon brought the decisions 
of the coum\- court of this c<innt\- to the front rank nf judicature. 
It was in this opportune ])erio(i that Tapping Reeve located at 
Litchfield and unintentionally began that i)rt)cess which eventually 
overthrew the common law of b.ngland, for a common law of our 
own, and changed the old forms, rules and precedents which had so 
long prevailed. The close of the Revolutionary War utterly de- 
stroyed the doctrine that "the king could do no wrong" and swept 
awa\ his prerogatives and common laws: and while we now quote 
the good contained in the "wisdom of ages," we decide ciuestions 
by Rcev^es, Swift and Could, and modern "wise instances." 

Ten \ears ago the comi)iler of this book conceived the idea oi 
collecting and jjreserving in a i>eniianent form a mass of material 
which was then available relating to the legal history and tradition 
of his native county, and in the midst of his active duties as the 
Clerk of its courts, has gathered these items and now ])resents them 
for \()ur consideration, believing his work to be a somewhat valuable 
contribution t(~> our earlier histor\-. 

xi\' s'i"ati;m1';nt di' iiii: iasp; 

TIk- reprint ol' Clnof Juslico Saimicl I'liurcirs Address at the 
Ceiuennial (.\'lel)rati(«n nl" the orL;ani/alic ni of the eoinux. in 1S51, 
i^ives a very eoneise and ihnniuj^h analysis ol the elenieuls uhieh 
have CdiKhiced to i^iw lUir et>unl\- L;reat iiilhieiiee in the rehi^iiuis, 
sociah polilieal and lei^al alTairs in hnUi the state an<l naliiin. The 
tuKh'ess. ho\\e\er, was made Inn early tn inehide 1 k'nry Ward 
r.eeclier and Harriet lleeeher v^towe anmn^- the writers and speak- 
ers who ha\'e done so nnieli to ni)htt the world's ideas, and wnnder- 
fulK' adxanee its ])roo-ross towards its present power and ^ix'atness. 

The reprint of lion. I)a\-id S. Iloardinan's 'd'',arly Lights m|' the 
Litchfickl Coinil\' liar." l)ein^' the rentiniseenees ot a man nmety 
vears of ag^e. of his eolleaj^iies and associates in the earlier years 
of our count\"s history, will I am sure lie of <^-reat interest to every 
one. and it is worthy of permanent ])reser\'ation. The orij^'inal 
paniplilet containing;" them has loni;' heen out of print, and is very 
rare. 1 reij;"ret very much my inahility to procure his portrait for 
insertion in this work. 

Jn the re-pubHcation Oif Sedg'wick's address, "Fifty ^'ears of 
the IJtchtield County lUir," I am enabled to brini^" the hioi^raphies 
of most of the ])r()minent old lawyers down to modern times, pre- 
])ared l)y an assoeiate and l)rother in the lej^al arena, while jud.^'e 
Warner's "Reminiscences" completes the chain of those lixdn^' and 
practicing- at the J Jar durinj;" his life. Charles 15. I 'helps published 
obituaries of a ntimber of his attorney friends in some of the 
earlier volumes of Connecticut Reports, Ijut as these are easily ac- 
cessible I have referred to them without republishing". 

In the UiogTaphical Xotes I have endeavfM'cd to include the name 
of e\ery member admitted to our liar, or coming" from elsewhere 
to practice, excluding" however, those who lune been debarred for 
cause. 'J'hese notes are not intended to be genealogies or eulogies, 
but only the legal life briefly told, and they have nearly all l)een 
prepared by myself. I deepl\ regret that there are so luany whom 
1 have been unable to trace beyond the mere fact of their admission. 

The section on the Law v^chool eonlains the list of its students 
al])hal)etically arranged, with some otiier interesting" matter relating 
thereto. So many references are made throughout the volume to 
Judges l\ee\"e, Cioidd, lluntington, llacon and others prominently 
connected with its instruction and management, that I did not think 
it wise to de\ote more sjjace to the further histor\ i>\ the Law 

The llistorieal .Votes include only a few of the many trials and 
incidents which could be gathered from the Court Records, but in 
\'ery mrmy eases the acconiu of trials, especialK those of ;i criminal 
nature, might gi\"e jjain to some friend or relative of the accused, 
which I haw tried to a\oid doing. 

st.\ti:mi;\'i' i)|- iiii': casi". xv 

rr(i1)al)l\- 11(1 County in llir stale furni.-lu'il ilic Suprc-im.- (."niirt 
in ils earlier ilays, more knotty |)r()'l)lenis to solve and adjudicate, 
than Litchfield L'ounty. and a full history of its "JA'adin,^- Cases" 
would make an interestiuL^' \dlume of itself. 

I lia\'e ohiaineil all the suhjects for illuslration which I could 
and the pictures lia\e been niaile Iroin originals, many of them from 
old and laded jiainiin^s, a> 1 desired to ))lace in cverlastinj^j re- 
membrance the faces of those l;oiu' before. In two or three in- 
stances I have duplicated, takiu.i; another and ilifferent ])ortrait for 
the secdud ])icturc, after the first one was already in print. If any- 
one thinks it is easy to collect a hundred ])ictures of as many i)er- 
sons who ha\'e lon;^- since deceased, a trial will dis])el the illusion. 

It is unavoidahle that many errors will occur in such a work as 
this. Great care has been p;iven to make it as nearly accurate as 
])ossible. and tlu' compiler will be \-er\ c^iad to lia\-e his attention 
called to au_\' such error, so that in due time i)roper corrections can. 
be made. 

To the very man\- friends who have aided me in this work. I 
wish to return my heart-felt thanks for their assistance. 1 have 
refrained from makiu,;;' an\' acknowled^Tiient of (piotations or ex- 
tracts because I have thought that the matter itself would indicate 
the source from which it was taken. In conclusion I wish to say 
that I hope the perusal of this book will afford the reader as much 
])leasure as it has the compiler to prepare it. 

Litchfield. May l, lyoy. 
D. C. K. 

([Jeutennial A&titesa 









IJoN. Sam ii;i. Cmiuii, I". 

Judfj^e Church's Address 


I have no leisure now to oiler apologies for my unadvised con- 
sent to appear before you. in this position, on the present occasion. 
Declining years, and tlie constant pressure of ()ilicr duties, sliould 
have excused me. 

Mv residence of sixty-six years from my nativit\- in this County, 
and an acquaintance of half a century, of some intimacy, with the 
events which have transpired, and with the men who have acted in 
them here, and having been placed within traditional reach of our 
earlv historv. I sup])()se, has induced the call upon me to address 
you. In doing this. I shall make no drafts upon the imagination, 
but speak to you in the simple idiom of truthful narrative. 

.Among the most ancient and pleasant of New England usages, 
has been the annual gathering of children and brethren around the 
parental board on Thanksgiving day. The scene we now witness 
reminds me of it. Litchfield County. — our venerable parent, now 
waning into the age of an hundred years, has called us here, to 
exchange our mutual greetings, to see that she still lives and thrives, 
and hopes to live another century. 

A little display of vanity on the part of such a i)arent. thus 
surrounded by her children, may be expected ; but speaking by me, 
her representative, it shall not be excessive. She must say some- 
thing of herself — of her birth and parantage — of her early life 
and progress, anrl of the scenes through which she has jiassed. 
She ma\" be indulged a little in speaking of the children she has 
borne or reared, and how they have got along in the world. To tell 
of such as she has lost, and over w^hose loss she has mourned; and 
in the indulgence of an honest parent's pride, she may boast some- 
what of many who survive, and who have all through this wide 
country made her name and her family respected. 

We meet not alone in this relation, but we come together as 
brethren, and many of us after long years of separation and absence, 
to revive the memories and associations of former years. 

Some of you come to visit the graves of parents and friends — 
to look again into the mansions where the cradle of your infancy 
was rocked, or upon the old foundations where they stood — to look 

4 i.n\ iii-ii:i.i) CdiN IN' i'.i;n(.ii and 

again uiH)n the favorito tree, now fnll j^ioun. which yonr young 
arms clasped so often in tlie chnibing. or upon the great rock upon 
and around which many a yovuig ganil)ol was performed. You 
come to enter again. ])erlia])s, the consecrated temples at whose 
altars the good man stood wdio sprinkled you with the waters of 
baptism, and from wdiose lips you learned the lessons which have 
guided your footsteps in all your after life. 

These are but some of the pages in the history of early life, 
which it is pleasant after the lapse of years to re-|-)eruse. .\nd now, 
if the spirits of these dead can pierce the cloud which hides our 
view of heaven, they look dow^n with a smile of love upon your 
errand here ; and when you shall leave us on the morrow, many 
of you will feel in truth! as did the patriot Greek, "moriens rem- 
iniscitur Argos." 

A stranger who looks upon the m^p of Connecticut, sees at its 
north-west corner a darkly shaded section, extending over almost 
the entire limits of the County, indicating as he believes, a region 
of mountains and rocks — of bleak and frozen barrens. He turns 
his eye from it, satisfied that this is one of the waste places of the 
State — affording nothing pleasant for the residence of men. He 
examines much more complacently the map of the coast and the 
navagable streams. But let the stranger leave the map. and come 
and see ! He will find the mountains which he anticipated — but 
he will find streams also. He will find the forests too. or the ver- 
dant hill-sides where they have been ; and he will see the cattle 
on a thousand hills, and hear the bleating flocks in many a dale and 
glen, and he will breath an atmosphere of health and bouyancy, 
which the dw'ellers in the city and on the plain know little of. 
Let him come, and w^e will show^ him that men live here, and 
women too, over whom it would be ridiculous for the city popula- 
tion to boast : a yoemanry well fitted to sustain the institutions of 
a free country. \\'e will show him living, moving men ; but more 
than this, we will point out to him where, among these hills, were 
born or reared, or now repose in the grave, many of the men of 
whom he has read and heard, whose names have gone gloriously 
into their country's history, or wdio are now almost every wdiere 
giving an honorable name to the County of Litchfield, and doing 
service to our State or nation. 

The extensive and fertile plains of the Western coimtry may 
yield richer harvests than we can rea]) : the slave population of 
the South may relieve the planter from the toil exjierienced by a 
Northern farmer ; and the golden regions of California may sooner 
fill the pockets with the ])recious metals ; — and all this may stand 
in strong contrast with what has been often called the rough and 
barren region of Litchfield hills. Rut the distinguishing traits of a 
New England country, which we 1o\t so well, are not there to give 
sublimitv to the lamJscape, fragrance and health to the mountain 
atmosphere, and energy and enterprise to mind and character. 

I Hike IIS C'KN'I'I'.N \l \l, AIiDKIvSS 5 

Not many years a^'o, I \v:is (Icscendiiij^ the hist hill in Xorlolk 
in a stage-coach, in company with a lady of the West, whose for- 
mer residence had been in that town. As we came down ii|)on 
the vallev of the Ilousatonic, with a fnll heart and snffnsed eyes, 
she exclaimed. "( )h. how 1 iove these hills and streams! I low 
much more jileasant the}' are to me than the dull i)rairies and the 
sluggish and turl)iil waters of the ^\'estern country." It was an 
eulogv, which if not often e.\i)resse(l. the truth oi it has lieen a 
thousand times felt before. 

Our Indian predecessors found but few spots among the hills 
of this Country, which invited their fixed residence. Here was 
no place for the culture of maize and beans, the chief articles of 
the Indian's vegetable food. Their settlements were chiefly con- 
fined to the valley of the Housatonic. wdth small scattered clans 
at Woodbury and Sharon. The Scaticoke tribe, at Kent, was 
the last which remained among us. It was taken under the pro- 
tection of the Colony and State : its lands secured for its sup- 
port. These Indians have wasted down to a few individuals, who. 
I believe, still remain near their fathers' sepulchers. and remind 
us that a native tribe once existed there. 

We no\v see but little to prove that the orii^iiial .American race 
ever inhabited here. It left no monuments but a few arrow-heads. 
which are even now occasionally discovered near its former homes 
and upon its former hunting grounds. — and a sculptured female 
figure made of stone, not many years ago was found in this town, 
and is now deposited at Yale College. 

There are other monuments, to be sure, of a later race of In- 
dians : but thcv are of the white man's workmanship. — the ciuit- 
claim deeds of the Indians' title to their lands! These are found 
in several of the Towns in the County, and upon the public re- 
cords, signed with marks uncouth, and names unspeakable, and 
executed with all the solemn mockery of legal forms.— Tliese are 
still referred to. as evidence of fair purchase! Our laws have 
sedulouslv protected the minor and the married woman from the 
consequences of their best considered acts ; but a deed from an 
Indian, who knew neither the value of the land he was required 
to relinquish, nor the amount of the consideration he was to re- 
ceive for it, nor the import or effect of the paper upon which he 
scribbled his mark, has been called a fair purchase! 

The hill-lands of this County were only traversed by the In- 
dians as the common hunting grounds of the tribes which inhab- 
ited the vallevs of the Tunxis and Connecticut rivers on the east- 
ern, and the vallev of the Housatonic on the western side. 

The first settlers of this County did not meet the Indian here 
in his unspoiled native character. The race was di.spirited and 
submissive— probably made up of fugitives from the aggressions 
of the earlv English emigrants on the coast.— the successors of 
more spirited tribes, which, to avoid contact with the whites, had 

6 i.n\iii"ii:i.i) coi'XTv hkncii and \\.\r 

migraU'd .nuvard i(i\var(l the selling- sun. These Indians were 
like the ivy ni the foresl. whicli (hsiihiys all its beauties in the 
shade, but droops and refuses to llourish in the o])en sunshine. 

I'revious to the aeeession of James II. to the throne of Eng- 
land, antl before mu" ehartered rights were threatened by the ar- 
rival of Sir Edmund .\ndros. the territory now eomiirising- the 
County of T.itehheld was ver\ little known to the Colonial Gov- 
ernment at Hartford. The town of Woodbury, then lar-;e in ex- 
tent, had been oeeupied some years earlier than tliis, by Rev. 
Mr. Walker's eongTe«;ati(ni. from Stratford. The other parts of 
the County were noticed only as a wilderness, and denominated 
the ]}'csti'ni Lauds. Still it was sui)posed. that at some time they 
mii^ht be, to some extent, inhabited and worth somethinii'. At 
any rate, they were believed to be worth the jiains of keepini;- out 
of the way of the new s^overnment of Sir Edmund, which was 
then apprehended to be near. To avoid his authorit\- over these 
lands, and to preserve them for a future and better time of dispo- 
sal, they were granted, by the Assembly of the Colony, to the 
towns of Hartford and Windsor, in i^Sr), — at least, so much of 
them as lav east of the Ilousatonie river. T do not stop to exam- 
ine the moral ((uality of this grant, which ma\- l)e reasonably 
doubted: and it was soon after followed b\ the usual consef|uences 
of grants, denominated b\' lawyers, i-onstniclircly fraudulent — dis- 
pute and contention. 

L^pon the accession of William and Mar\, in KiSS. and after 
the Colonv Charter had found its wa\- hack from the hollow oak 
to the Secretar\-'s office, the C'olouial Assembl\ atteniDled to re- 
sume this grant, and to reclaim the title of these lands for the 
Colon\". This was resisted by the towns of llartford and Wind- 
sor, which relied u])nn the inviolability of iilighte(l faith and pub- 
lic grants. The towns not onl\- denied the right, but actually 
resisted the jjower of the Assembh', in the resumption of their 
solenni dt^vi]. This i)roduced riots and attenu'ts to break the 
jail in Hartford, in which se\eral of the resisting inhabitants of 
?Tartford and Windsor were confined. 

It would be found difficult for the lurists of the present day, 
edticated in the i)rinci])les of Constitutional Law. to justify the 
Assembh' in the recision of its own grant, and it can not but ex- 
cite a little sur])rise, that the ])olilicians of that da\ . who had not 
vet ceased to complain of the mother countrx for its attemi)ts. bv 
writs of (|uo warranto, to seize our charter, should so soon be en- 
gaged, and without the forms of law. too. in attempts of a kindred 
character against their own grantees. .\'o wonder that resistance 
followed, and it was more than half successful, as it resulted in 
a comi)romise. which confirmed to the claimants under the towns 
tlie lands in the town of Litchfield and a i)art of the town of Xew 
Milford. Tlu' other ])ortions of the territorx were intended {o 
be e(|uall\ di\ided between the C'olon\- and the claimiuij" (owns. 


Tims 'rdi-rin-liMi, I '.arklianislrd. C'nk'hn.nk, and a part (.1 I lar- 
winton. wcix- aiiiMoiniaU'd to \\'in(ls(M- ; llartland, Winchester, 
New Marl lord, aiul llu' -alKT i)ai-l of 1 laru iiUoii. were relinquish- 
C(l to llarlford; and llie rcmainin- lands in dispnte, now consti- 
tiitins;- the towns of Ndrfolk, C.oslun, Canaan, Kent. Sharon and 
Salisi)nrv, were retained 1)\ the (."olony. These claim? havinj^^ 
at lenj^tii heen adjnsted, the western lands hei^an to he explored, 
and their facilities for cnllixation to he known. 

Woodhurv. as 1 have before sui^gested. hy several years (mr el- 
der sister in this new family of towns, bec^an its settlement in 1^)74. 
The Cdun-ch at Stratford had been in contention, and the Rev. .Mr. 
Walker, with a i)ortion of that Chnrch and jjeoijle. removed to the 
fertile re.^ion of roniperaiig-c. soon distinguished by the name of 
Woodbury, and then including, beside the present town, also the 
region com])Osing the towns of Southbnry. Bethlem and Roxbur\ . 

Poni])erauge is said to have felt some of the effects of I'hilin's 
^var — enough,' at least, to add another to the many thrilling scenes 
of Indian depredation, so well drawn by the author of Mount ri')])c. 

Xcw Milforcl next followed in the course of settlement. This 
commenced in 17(^7. Its increase of population was slow until 
17 1(). when Rev. Daniel I'.oardman, from Wethcrsfield. was or- 
dained as the first minister. This gentleman was the ancestor of 
the several distinguished families and individuals of the same 
name, who have since been and now are residents of that town. 
His influence over the Indian tribe and its Sachem in that vicinity, 
was {powerful and restraining, and so much confidence had this 
good man and his family in the fidelity of his Indian friends, it is 
said, that when his lady was earnestly warned to fly from a threaten- 
ed savage attack, she coolly replied, that she would go as soon as 
she had put things to rights about her house, and had knit round 
to her seam needle ! The original white inhabitants were emigrants 
from Milford, from which it derives its name. 

Emigrants from the Manor of Livingston, in the Xew Ynvk 
Colony, made Indian i)urchases and began a settlement at Wea 
togue. in Salis1)ury. as early as 1720. After the sale of the town- 
ship in 1737, the i)oi)ulation increased rapidly. — coming in from the 
towns of Lebanon, Litchfield, and many other i)laces. so that it was 
duly organized in 174T. and settled its minister. Rev. Jonotlian 
Lee. in 1744.. 

The first inliabitants of Litchlield came under the Hartford and 
Windsor title, in 1721. and chielly from Hartford, \\indsor and 
Lebanon. This territoiy. and a large lake in its south-west sec- 
lion, was known as i'.anlam. Whether it was so called b\- the In- 
dians, has been doubted, and is not well settled. 

The settlejnent of the other towns commenced soon after, and 
piogressed steadilv. \ct slowdy. The town of Colebrook was the 
lastenrolleci in this iraternity. and settled its first minister. Rev. 
Jonathan K<h\ar(ls, in 1795. Rev. Rufns liabcock. a P.aptist m;n 

8 i.rixiii"ii:i.i) loixn i;i:ncii and i-.ak 

i^ter. had, lor soiiir lime l)clV)rc this, resided and officiated in the 

One general characteristic marked the whole i«)]nilation ; it was 
g-athered c]iietl\- from the towns already settled in the Colony, and 
witli hilt few emigrants from Massachusetts. ( h\v immediate an- 
cestors were religions men. and religion was the ruling clement; 
hut it would he a mistake to su])i)ose that it ahsorl)cd all others. 

i shall not detain you with an eulogium on I'uritan character. 
This may he found stereotyped every where — not only in books and 
s]>eeches, hut much more accurately in its influence and effects, not 
in \ew England alone, hut throughout this nation. ( )ur .\merican 
ancestors were Englishmen, descendants , of the same men, and in- 
heritors of the same ])rinciples. by which Magna Charta was estab- 
lished at Runny-mede. — They were Anglo-Saxons, ins])ired with 
the same spirit of independence which has marked them every where, 
and especially through the long period of well defined English his- 
torw and which is destined in its further developments to give tone 
and impress to the political and religious institutions of Christen- 
dom. So much has been said and written of the Puritans, T have 
sometimes thought that some believe that they were a distinct race, 
and i)erhaps of a difTerent complexion and language from their 
other countrymen ; whereas, they were only Knghshmen, generally 
of the Plebian caste, and with more of the energies and many of the 
frailties and imperfections common to humanity. If our first settlers 
here cherished more firmly the religious elements of their character 
than any other., the spirit of independence to which I have alluded 
developed another — the love of money, and an ingenuity in grat- 
ifying it. 

Since the extent and resources of this C'ounty have been better 
known, the wonder is often ex])ressed. how such an mipromising 
region as this County could have invited a ])oi)ulution at first: but 
herein we misconceive the condition of our fathers. 1 lere, as they 
supposed, was the last land to be explored and occupied in their 
dav. Thev had no wdiere else to go, and the growing populati(Mi 
of the east, as well as the barren soil of the coast, impelled them 
w^estward. Of the north, bcvond the Massachusetts Colony, noth- 
ing was known; onlv Canada and tlie frozen regions of Nova Scotia 
had been heard of. ( 'n the west was another Colony, but a dif- 
ferent people; and still he\(ind. was an unknown realm, possessed 
by savage men, of wdiom New England had seen enough ; and not 
much behind this, according to the geography of that day, was the 
Western Ocean, referred to in the Charter. A visible hand of 
Providence seems to have guided our fathers' goings. Had the 
vallev of the Sus(|uehanna i)een known to ihem then, they would 
but the sooner have furnished the luNlorx of the massacre of 

If there wvw here the extensive and almost imi)enalrahle ever- 
fdade of the C.reenA\oods. the high hills of C.<ishen, Litchfield 


and C'o'iiwall, and l)c'av\ forests every wIktc — these were trillcs 
then in the wav of a New l'"n;4-lan(l man's calculation, and had been 
ever since the ])eo])!e of the .\lay Flower and the Arabella and their 
descendants had l)een crowding their way back among the forests. 
These, and a thousand oilier obstacles, were sm-monnted, with hard- 
ly a suspicion that tlux wxre obstacles at all. and every township 
began ere long to exhibit a well ordered, organized stjciety. 

This was no missionary field, after the manner of modern new 
settlements. Every little Colony, as it became organized and ex- 
tended from town to town, either took its minister along with it, or 
called him soon after, lie became one with his peo](le, wedded 
to them almost l)\ sacramenlal boiuls. indissoluble. .\ I'rimus 
inter pares, he settled on bis own domain, api)roi>riatcd to his use by 
the proprietors of every town, and he cultivated with his own hands 
his own soil, and at bis deaib was laid down among his i)arishr)ners 
and neighbors in the common cemeter\ , with little of monumental ex- 
travagance to distinguish bis resting jjlace. The meeting-house was 
soon seen at the central i)oint of each town, modestly elevated above 
surrounding buildings, and In its side the schooldionse, as its 
nursling child or younger sister, and the minister and the master 
were the oracles of each community. The development of the 
Christian man, spiritual, intellectual and physical, was the necessary 
result of sitch an organization of society as this. 

The original settlers of this County were removed two f)r three 
generations" from the first emigrants from England, 'and some of 
the more harsh pecularities of that race may well be supposed, ere 
this time, to have become modified, or to have subsided entirely.' 
If a little of the spirit of Arch-F.ishop Laud, tran.sgressing the 
boundaries of Realm anrl Church, had found its way over the ocean, 
and was developed under a new condition of society here, it is not 
to be wondered at; it was the spirit of the age. though none tlie 
better for that, and none the more excusable, wdiether seen in Laud 
or Mather — m a Royal Parliament, or a Colonial Assemblv. 

Less of these peculiarities ajipeared in Connecticut than in Mass- 
achusetts ; and at the late period wdien this County was settled, the 
sense of oppression inflicted by the mother country, wdiether real 
or fancied, was a little forgotten, and of course neither Quakers, 
Praver P>ooks nor Christmas were the object of penal legislation. 
A more tolerant, and of course a better spirit, came with our fatliers 
into this Countv, than bad before existed elsewhere in the Colony, 
and, if I mistake not, it has ever since been producing here its legiti- 
mate eltects, and in some degree has distinguished the char- 
acter and the action of Litchiield County throughont its entire his- 
torv. as manv facts could be made to prove. 

Before the year 1751. this territory had been attached to dif- 
ferent Counties— most of it to the County of Hartford; the towns 
of Sharon and Salisbury to the County of Xew Haven : and many 
of the earlv titles and of probate proceedings of several of the 

1(1 i.nciii-ii:i.i) C(»r.\'i"v i;i:n(.ii and i;.\r 

towns, before their orj^anization or incoriioration. may be found on 
the records of more early settled towns. The first settlements of 
estates in Canaan are recorded in Woodbury, and many early deeds 
are on record in the othce of the Secretary in llartford. 

in 1751, the condition of the population of these towns was such 
as to demand the organizati(tn of a new County, and the subject 
was extensively discussed at the town meetings. .\s is always 
true, on such occasions, a diversity of opinions as well as the or- 
dinary amount of excited t'eeling existed, regarding the location 
of the shire town. Cornwall and (.'anaan made their claims and had 
their advocates — but the chief contest was between Litchfield and 
Cioshcn. The latter town was supposed to occupy the geographical 
center, and many ])ersons had settled there in expectation that 
that would become the fixed seat of justice, and, among others. 
Oliver Wolcott. afterward Governor of the v^tate. 1'ut at the 
October session of the General Court in 1751, the new (.'oiuity was 
established with Litchfield as the County Town, tmder the name 
of Litchfield County. 

Litchfield County, associated with the thought of one hiuidred 
vears ago! .\ hr\ei space in a nation's history; but such an 
nundrecl years! — more eventful than any other since the intro- 
duction of our Holy Religion into the world. This name speaks 
to us of home and all the hallowed memories of youth and years 
beyond our reach. — of our truant frolics, our school boy trials, our 
\outhful aspirations and hopes ; and, perhaps, of more tender and 
romantic sympathies ; and man\- will recall the misgivings, and yet 
the stern resolves, with which they commenced the various avoca- 
tions of life in which they have since been engaged. And from this 
point, too, we look back to ties which once bound us to ]-)arents, 
brothers, comjianions. friends — then strong — now stuidered! and 
which have been breaking and breaking, luitil many of us find our- 
selves standing, almost alone, amidst what a few years ago was an 
unl)f)rn generation. 

Litchfield County! Go where you will through this broad 
coimtry. and s])eak aloud this name, and yoti will hear a response, 
"That is m\ own. my native land." It will come from some whom 
you will find in the halls of Legislation, in the Ttdpit. on the Ilench. 
at the I'ar. by the sick man's couch, in the marts of Trade, by the 
Plow, or as wandering spirits in some of the tried or imtried ex- 
periments of life. And sure i am. that there is not to be fcnuid a 
son of this Cfninty. be his residence ever so remote, who would not 
feel humbled to learn that this name was to be no longer hearil 
among the civil divisions of his native State. 

The usual ofiicers. made necessary by the erection of the new 
Comity, were immediately ajipointed 1)\ the General Court. William 
]'restf)n. ]£s(j.. of Woodbury, was the tirst Chief Justice of the 
Cruuity, and his .Associates were |ohn Williams, i*'s(|.. of Sharon, 
Samuel Canfield. of Xew .Milfr)rd, and h'.benezer Marsh, of Litch- 


nil lulls i'i;\'ri;.\ N i.\i. .\i>i)i<i:ss ii 

field. Isaac- i '.aMw in. I"".>(|.. was llii.' firsl Clerk, ami tlir lirsl Siu-rirf 
was ( )li\ (.T WiiKiilt. cif wIkhii I shall speak amain. The County 
Court, at its lirsi session in I )ecenil)er of the same vear, a|)pointed 
v^amuel I'ettihone, i'".s(|., of (".oshen, lo he KinL;^ \llorne\-, who 
was. within a few years, suceci'iled 1»\ kiMiohl Mar\in. lCs(|.. of 
this villai^e, and these two ^entk-nien were all in this Countv. in 
this ca])acity, who ever represented the Kind's niajest\' in that ad- 
ministration of criminal justice. 

The tenure of oHicial ])]ace in the early days of the Common- 
wealth, was more ])ermanent than since party sul)serviencv has in 
some (lej^ree taken tlu' place of hetter (jualifications. The chau'^es 
u])on the bench of the County Court were not fre(|uent. The ofTice 
of Chief Judg'e. from the time of jud^e Preston to the time of his 
successors, who are now alive. ha\e been John Williams, of Sharon. 
Oliver W'olcott. i)aniel Sherman, of Woodbury. Joshua Porter, of 
Salisl)ur\ . .Aaron Austin, of Xcw Hartford, also a member of the 
Council, and .Vus^ustus Pettibone. of Xorfolk. T can not at this 
time present a cataloi^ue of Associate judrjes. It has been com- 
posed of the most worthy and com]:)etent citizens of the Countv — 
g'entlemen of hii^h intlnencc,' and resi)ect in the several towns of their 

in the ollice of ^>heriff, Covernor W'olcott was succeerled bv 
Pynde Lord, David Smith, John R. Landon, Moses Seymour, Jr., 
and Ozias Seymour, of this village, and the successors of these 
.gentlemen are still surviving". 

Air. Marvin was succeeded in the ollice of State's \ttorne\-, bv 
Andrew .Adams, Tai)i)ing- Reeve, Uriah Thacv. .Vath.aniel Smith. 
John -Allen, Uriel Holmes, and h'.lisha Sterling, whose successors, 
with a single exception, still sur\ive. 

Hon. Frederick W'olcott succeeded Air. P.aldv/in in the office 
of Clerk, and this place he held, undisturbed by party influences, 
for forty years, and until nearly the time of liis deatli in 1836. 

The common Prison first erected was a small wooden building, 
near the late dwelling house of Roger Cook, Esq., on the north 
side of East street. This stood but few years, and in its place a 
more commodious one was built, nearly on the same foundation. 
The present Prison was built in 181 2, and essentially improved 
within a few years. The first Court House stood on the open 
grounds a little easterly from the West Park, and may still be seen 
in the rear of the buildings on the south side of West street. It 
was a small building, but in it were often witnessed some of the 
most able efforts of American eloquence. In this humble Temple 
of Justice, Hon. S. W. Johnston of Stratford, Edwards of Xew 
Haven, Ree^e, Trac\ , Allen, and the Smiths of this County, ex- 
liibited some of the best essays of forensic power. The present 
Court House was erected in 1798. 

The early progress of the County presents but a few incidents 
of sufficient note to retain a place in its traditionary history. The 

12 1.1 It, li l-li:i.|i COININ l!i;\(,II AMI I'.AK 

aiJurcliciision of s;ivas;c incursions had jjasscnl awaw and the ])eoi-U' 
were left undisturl)ed to carry out. to their necessary results, what 
might have been expected from the spirit and enter]M-ise which 
brought them hither. The old French War. as it has since been 
called, disturbed them but little. Some of the towns in the County, 
moved bv a lo\al im])ulse, and a legitimate hatred of France, as 
well as hoslilit\- to Indians in its service, furnished men and officers 
in aid of some of the exi)editions to the northern frontier. 

The pioneers here were agriculturists. They came with no 
kiu)wledge or care for any other jnu-suit. and looked for no greater 
results than the enjoNnient of religious privileges, the increase of 
their estates by removing the heavy forest and adding other acres 
to their original purchases, and with the hope, perhaps, of sending 
an active boy to the C(*llegc. ( )f manufactures, they knew nothing. 
The grist-mill and saw-mill, the blacksmith and clothier's shops, — 
all as indispensable as the plow and the axe, — they provided for as 
among the necessaries of a farmer's life. 

Thus they toiled on, till the hill-sides and the valleys every 
where showed the fenced field and the comfortable dwelling. The 
spinning wheel was in every house, and the loom in every neigh- 
borhood, and almost ever\ article of clothing was the jiroduct of 
female domestic industry. Intercourse with each other was diffi- 
cult. The hills were steej:), and the valleys miry, and the means 
of conveyance confined to the single horse with saddle and pillion, 
with no other carriage than the ox-cart in summer and the sled in 
the winter. The deep winter snows often obstructed even the use 
of the sled, and then resort was had to snow-shoes. These were 
made of a light rim of wood bent into the form of an ox-bow, 
though smaller, perforated and woven into a net work with thongs 
of raw-hide, leather or deer skin, and when attached to the com- 
mon shoe enabled the walker to travel upon the surface of the 
snow. Four-wheeled carriages were not introduced into general 
use until after the Revolution. Ladies, old and _\oung. thought no 
more of fatigue in performing long journeys over the rough roads 
of the Comity, on horseback, than the ladies of our times in mak- 
ing trips by easy stages, in coaches or cars. 

The County Town constituted a common center, where the 
leading men of the County met during the terms of the Courts, 
and they saw but little of each other at other times. The course 
of their business was in different directions. The north-west towns 
found their markets on the Hudson River — the southern towns at 
Derby and Xew Haven — and the eastern ones at Hartford. In 
the mean wliile. and before the breaking out of the war of the 
Revolution, nearly every town had its settled I'aslor. and the schools 
were every where spead over the territory. 

Xo manufacturing interest was ])revaleiU in the County at first. 
The policy and laws of the mother country had disctiuraged this, 
r.ut the rich iron mine which had been earl\- discovered in Salis- 

ciuKcii s ci;nii;nm.\i. adukkss 13 

])ur\-, and the iron dw fmind in Kenl. could not lie nef^lcclcd. Iron 
was indispcnsabU'. and ils transportation from the coast almost 
nnpracticahk'. Tlic t^w l)c'd in Sali^hni'v had been j^ranted by the 
Colonial Asscmblx lo I )anicl I'.issrll of Windsor, as early as l/.V, 
and produces a better (|ualit\ of iron than any imported from abroad 
or found elsewhere al lunne. 

The manufai.'lnre ^^i bloomed iron in the rej^ion ot tlu' ore. com- 
menced before the orL;ani/.ation of the County. 'I'liomas I^amb 
erected a fori;e al Lime Rock, in Salislniry, as early as 1734, — 
probabK' the first iu the Colony. This ex])eriment was soon ex- 
tensiveK- followed in Salisbur\ . Canaan, Cornwall and Kent, and 
there were forces erected also in .\orfolk. Colebrook and Litch- 
field. The ore was often transporte<l from the ore beds to the 
fori^e in leathern sacks, upon horses. Lar iron became here a sort 
of circulating" medium, and promissor}' notes were more frefpicnt- 
Iv made payable in iron than in money. 

The first Furnace in the Colony was built at Lakeville. in vSalis- 
burv, in 1762, by John Ilazelton and Lthan .\llen of Salisbury, 
and Samuel Forbes of Canaan. This property fell into the hands 
of "Richard Smith, an English gentleman, a little before the war 
of the Revolution. L^pon this event he returned to England, and 
the State took i)ossession of the furnace, and it was employed, un- 
der the agency of Col. Joshua Porter, in the manufacture of can- 
non, shells and shot, for the use of the army and navy of the 
country, and sometimes under the supervision of Governeur Mor- 
ris and John Jay. agents of the Continental Congress ; and after 
the war. the navy of the United States received, to a considerable 
extent, the guns for its heaviest ships, from the same establishment. 

Tt will not be any part of my ]iuriiosc to become the Ecclesiasti- 
cal historian of the County. This dutx will be better performed 
by other pens. And yet. the true character and condition of a 
people can not be well understood without some study of their re- 
ligious state. 

I have already suggested, that there was here a more tolerant 
and better spirit than existed among the first emigrants to Ply- 
mouth and ^fassachusetts. The churches were insulated, and in 
a manner shut out from the disturbing causes which had agitated 
other ])ortions of the Colony. 1 do not learn from that full and 
faithful chronicler of religious dissensions. Dr. Trumbull, that there 
was in this County so much of the metaphysical and subtle in the- 
ology, as had produced such bitter efifects at an earlier time, in the 
churches at Hartford. Xew Haven. Stratford arl Wallingford. 
The Pastors were men of iieace. \\hi> had sought tin retired parishes 
over here in the hills and valleys, without much p.'ide of learning', 
and without ambiticnis views. The influence of the Pastor here 
was oaternal ; the eloquence of his exam])le was more potent than 
the eloquence of the pulpit. Tt might be expected, that by such a 
Clergy, a deep and broad foundation of future good would be laid, — 

14 i.n\iii-ii;i,n roiNTv iii':xcn and i'.ar 

a fixed Protestant sentiment and its legitimate consequence, in- 
dependent o])inion and energetic action. 

There was here. also, very earh', another element which modi- 
fied and liberalized the temper of the fathers, who had smarted, 
as thev supjiosed. under the persecutions of an l{nglish home and 
F.nglish laws. A little alloy was intermixed in the relig-ious 
crucible, which, if it did not, in the opinion of all. render the mass 
more precious, at least made it more malleable, and better fitted 
for practical use. There was not in this Country an universal 
dislike of the Chuch of England. We were removed farther back 
in point of time, as T have said, from the original causes of hostility. 
W'c were Englishmen, boasting of English Common Law as our 
birthright and our inheritance, and into this was interwoven many 
of the principles and usages of English Ecclesiastical polity. 
This respect for the institutions of the mother country, though 
long felt bv some, was first developed in the College, and extended 
sooiier and more widely, in this County than any where else ; so 
that congregations worshiping with the Liturgy of the English 
Church were soon found in Woodbury, Watertown. Plymouth. 
Harwinton. Litchfield. Kent. Sharon and Salisbury, and were com- 
posed of men of equal intelligence and purity of character with 
their neighbors of the Congregational Churches. And yet, enough 
of traditional prejudice still remained, uncorrected by time or im- 
partial examinations, often to subject the friends and members of 
the Church of England to insult and injustice. Some of it remains 
still but too little to irritate or disturb a Christian spirit. 

The spirit of emigration, that same Anglo-Saxon temperament 
which brought our ancestors into the County, and which constantly 
pushes forward to the trial of unknown fortune, began its mani- 
festitations before the Revolution, and sought its gratification first 
in A'ermont. Vermont is the child of this Comity. We gave to 
iier her first Governor, and three C.overnors besides ; as many as 
three Senators in Congress, and also many of her most efficient 
founders and earlv distinguished citizens. — Chittendens. Aliens, Ga- 
hishas. Chipmans, Skinner and others. The attitude assumed by 
\'ermont in the early stages of the Revolutionary War, in respect 
to Canada on the north and the threatening States of \ew York 
and New Hampshire on either side, was peculiar and delicate, and 
deinanded the most adroit policy to secure her purpose of inde- 
pendence. Tn her dilemma, her most sagacious men resorted to 
the counsels of their old friends of Litchfield County, and it is said 
that her final course was shaped, and her designs accomplished, 
by the advice of a confidential coimcil. assembled at the house of 
Governor Wolcott in this ^'illage. 

Perhaps no community ever existed, with fewer catises of dis- 
turbance or discontent than were felt lure, before the complaints 
of British exaction were heard from Boston. But the first mur- 
murings from the East excited our (|uiet ivipnlatinn to action, and in 

church's cK.N'ri;\\iAi, 15 

iK-arl\ every town in tlie C'nuiUy. meetings of sympathy were lioUlen, 
and strong resolves a(lo])te(l. responsive to the lioston complainings. 
The tax on tea and the stamp duty were trifles. The jjeople of 
this County knew nothing of them, and probably cared no more. 
The principle of the movement was deeper — more fundamental ; 
the love of self government — "tlie glorious privilege of being in- 
de])en(leiU !" The excitement was general throughout the Country. 
Individuals oi)]X)sed it. and from different, though etpially pure mo- 
tives. Some supposed resistance to the laws to be hopeless at that 
time, and advised to wait for more strength and resources ; others 
were intluenced by religious considerations, just as pure and as 
l)otent as had influenced their fathers aforetime ; others had a rleeper 
seated sense of loyalty, and the obligations of sworn allegiance. 
But the County was nearly unanimous in its resistance to British 
claims, and saw in them the commencement of a Colonial servitude, 
degrading, and threatening the future progress of the country, in 
its destined path to wealth and glory. I believe no individual of 
distinction in the County took arms against the cause of the country. 

Our remote position from the scenes of strife and the march of 
armies, will not permit me to speak to you of battle-fields, of vic- 
tories won or villages sacked any where in our sight. We were 
only in the pathway between the different wings of the American 
army. I have no means of determining the amount of force in men 
or money furnished by this County in aid of the war. From the 
tone of the votes and resolves passed at the various town-meetings, 
and from the many officers and men, Continental and militia, who 
joined the army, I may venture the assertion, that no county in New- 
England, of no greater population than this, gave more efficient 
aid in various ways, or manifested by its acts, more devoted pa- 

Sheldon's was, I believe, the first regiment of cavalry which 
joined the army. It was raised in this County chiefly, and com- 
manded by Col. Elisha Sheldon of Salisbury. The services of 
this regiment have been favorably noticed by the writers of that 
da\-, and on various occasions called forth the public thanks of 
the Commander-in-Chief. Among other officers attached to it. was 
Major Benjamin Tallmadge, afterwards and for many years a dis- 
tinguished merchant and gentleman of this village, and, for several 
sessions, a valuable memlier of Congress in the Connecticut dele- 
gation. Major Tallmadge distinguished himself by a brilliant ex- 
l)loit against the enem\- on Long Island, for which he received the 
])ublic approbation of Ceneral ^^^ashington ; and through the whole 
struggle, this officer jiroved himself a favorite with the army and 
the officers under whom he served. Besides these, several other 
officers of elevated as well as subordinate rank, were attached to 
the Continental army, from this County. Among them were Col. 
Heman Swift of Cornwall. Major Samuel Elmore of Sharon. Col. 
Seth Warner of Woodburv, I\Iaior Moses Sevmour of Litchfield, 

l6 1 n\iii-ii:i.i) (.(UN ^^■ i;i'.\cii and i;\k 

Major Julin Webb of Canaan, Capt. julin S<jdi4\vi(.-k and luluartl 
Rogers of Cornwall, Col, Blagden and Major Luther Stoddard of 
Salisbury, and man\- others not now recollected. 

Contributions in support of the war were not conlined to the 
payment of heavv taxes, l)nt vohuitary aiel came from associations 
and individuals in every town. The jtg'gre.^ate can not be com- 
puted. — if it Could, il would show an amount, which, rich as we 
now are, I think could not be demanded of our citizens for any 
cause of patriotism or ])hilanthrop\ without nun'nuu's, and perhaps, 

Xor was the Patriot spirit confined to men and soldiers, — it 
warmed the bosoms of wives, mothers and sisters, in every town. 
An equestrian statue of the King, of gilded lead, before the war, 
had stood upon the P)Owling Creen in New \'ork. As soon as 
the news of the signing of the Declaration of Independence reach- 
ed Xew York, this was missing. Ere long it was found at the 
dwelling-house of TTon. Oliver W'olcott, in this village, and in 
time of need was melted down into the nioix' ai)pro])riate shape of 
forty thousand bullets, by the daughters of that gentleman and 
other ladies, and forwarded to the soldiery in the field. Other la- 
dies still, and in other towns, were much em])loyed in making 
blankets and garments for the suffering troops. 

I have no means of determining the number of killed and 
wounded soldiers belonging to this County. 

Mr. Matthews, the Mayor of the city of Xew York, was for 
some time detained in this village, a ])risoner of war, and it is said 
that his traveling trunk, and some parts of his pleasure carriage, 
still remain in possession of the Seymour family. Governor 
Franklin, the Royal Governor of X'ew Jersey, and a son of Dr. 
Benjamin Franklin, was confined as a ]:>risoner of war in our jail 
which was often used to detain English prisoners as well as Tories. 

.Although the treat\- of peace brought peace to other ])arts of 
the State, it: did not bring it to the whole of this Count}-. (^ne 
town was left. — not to the continued and merciless inroads of 
British soldiers and savage Indians, as before, but to the tmjust 
oppressions of Pennsylvania, — Westmoreland, better known to the 
readers of Indian tragedy by the naiue of iryoiiiiiii:;. Its history 
is one of melancholy interest. This territor\- is in the vallcv and 
region of the Sus(piehanna River, and included the present flourish- 
ing village of Wilkcsbarrc. Its extent was as broad as this State. 
It was sui)])ose(l to be embraced within our chartered limits, and such 
was the opinion of the most eminent counsel in England and in 
the Colon). I nder this claim, a com])anv assc^ciated about the 
year I7'i4. by the name of tlu' Sns(|nhanna Companw and piu'chased 
the Indian U\]v to {hv country, for two tlionsand ixmnds, X'ew "N'ork 
curreiicw This was a \d]nntar\ hk )\ c inent. -a i)(.'o|)le's enterprise, 
unsanctioned by any direct Legislative act, but unforbidden, and 
probably encouraged. Within a few years, a settlement was ef- 


t III KCll's I I.NI'I'.N N lAI. ADDkl'.SS IJ 

fcctctl upon llic choice lands of Uic Susciuchanna, chieily by emi- 
grants from the counties of Windham and New London, with sev- 
eral from this County, among whom was John I'Vanklin of Canaan, 
the brother of the late v^ilas Jnaiiklin. I'.s(|., oi" that town, a gentle- 
man whose fortune and history were closel\ interwoven with the 
fortunes of that colony. The Authorities of 1 'ennsylvania, though 
claiming under a later Charter, o|)])osed this settlement, and kejjt 
up a continual annoyance until the breaking out of the war with 
England, and even then sympathized but little with our people 
there, under the dreadful afflictions which that event brctught ujjon 

Sad indeed was the condition of the colonists of Wyoming! — 
persecuted by their Pennsylvania neighbors, and left defenceless 
to the ravages of British troops and their savage allies! The 
Legislature of this Colony recognized this interesting band of its 
own children, and incorporated them into a tounshi]), by the name* 
of Westmoreland, in 1774, and annexed it to tlu' Cinmt\ of Litch- 
field. They would have been protected from the aggressions of 
Pennsylvania, if the war of the Revolution had not prevented, and 
the !^ood I'n'ciids of that Commonwealth would have been comi)elled 
to doff the (hiaker a while, or ciuietlv to have left our fellow-citizens 
in peace, lender the ])rotection of their ]jarent ])ower. this little col- 
ony now looked for security. They were a town of the Connecticut 
Colony, organized with Selectmen and other ordinary Town Of- 
ficers, and semi-annually sent their Deputies to the General Court 
at Hartford and Xew Plaven ; chose their Jurors to attend the 
Courts of this County, and their Justices of the Peace were mag- 
istrates of the County of Litchfield, and all writs and process, 
served there, were returnable to the Courts of this County, and 
remain now upon our records. Rut their securit\ was transient; 
the war of the Revolution brought down upon them a combined 
force of British Provincials and Tories, from Pennsylvania. Xew 
Jersey and New York, and a large bodv of Tuflians. commanded 
by Brant, a celebrated chief. This whole force was directed by 
Col. John Butler, of infamous memory. 

I have no leisure to describe, in its details, the i)rogress of the 
tragedv of the Wyoming massacre. Cols. John Franklin and 

Zebulon Butler were consoicious in their eft'orts to avert the sad 
destiny of the citizens. Tt was in vain. The battle opened on 
the 3d day of July. I77<^. and it closed with the entire destruc- 
tion of the settlement. .Men. women and children, whether in 
arms or defenceless, were devoted to the bayonet and scalping knife, 
and such as were so fortunate as to escat3e. were driven away, 
houseless and homeless, many of them to be dragged from their 
hiding places to the slaughter, and others to escape after many 
perils by the way. That massacre was without a likeness in modern 
warfare, and a stain upnn the F.nglish character, for which Knglish 
historians have found 110 ai)olog\. 

i8 i.iTciiFiKi.i) col N■^'^ r.i-Ncii am> i:.\k 

"Accursed Brant ! lie left of all my tribe 
Nor man, nor child, nor any thing of living birtli : 
No. — not tlio dog that waich'd my household hearth 
Escaped that night, upon our plains. — all i)erished!" 

Men. iiiaidctis. widowed mothers and helpless infants, flying' 
fr(Mn this scene of death, are remeinhered In' many still living, 
passing on foot aiid on horsehack through this County, back to 
their friends here and to the eastern towns. Such was the fate 
of a portion of the citizens of our own Countw Xine years Wy- 
oming had been a part of us, and after the war was over, Penn- 
sylvania renewed her claims and her oppressions. Our Pilgrim 
fathers could recount no such afflictions! Our jurisdiction ceased 
in 1782. after a decision by a Poard of Commissioners; but a great 
l)ortion of those who had survived the conflict with the Indians, 
gathered again around the ruins of their former habitations, and 
still refused submission to the claitns of Pennsylvania. Col. Frank- 
lin was the master spirit of resistance, and upon him fell the weight 
of vengance. He was arrested, imprisoned, and condemed to death 
as a traitor. After a long confinement in jail, he was at length 
released, and survived many years, and w^as a respectable and in- 
fluential member of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania, from 
the County of Luzerne. 

The result of the C(Mn])romise of our claim to the towii of West- 
moreland, was the acknowledgment, by Congress, of the claim of 
Connecticut to the Western Reserve, from wliicli lias been derived 
the School Fund of the State. 

The war of the Re\'olutioii had ceased, and left us an exhausted 
])eople. The extravagant hopes of many were disai^pointed : they 
felt the ]n'esent jiressure. but antici]:)atei'l none of the future prosper- 
ity and glory in reserve. This disa])pointment. in a neighboring 
State, had produced open resistence to the laws, — rebellion ! It 
was a Contagious si)irit and such as mutiicii)al lines could not con- 
fine. Much was feared from it here. A sjjark frotu that flame 
ill Berkshire county liad tli>\\ii o\-er into Sharon. ( )tie Dr. Hurl- 
but, an emissar\ of Sha\'s. visited that towti, in the spring of 1787, 
to enlist men in his cause, lie made sonic iiiii")ression. The 
Cjeneral .\ssenil)lv was then in session, and took efficient measures 
to i)revent the spread of the treasonable contagion. Col. Samuel 
Canfield. f)f Xew Mil ford, and I'riali Tracy, of this village, were 
sent to supi)ress it. Se\eral indixidiials were arreste*! and im- 
prisoned in the iail of this C"ounl\ : but, as the disturbance in the 
sister State subsided, the advocates of resistance to the laws were 
disheartened, the i)rosecutions were finally abandoned, and these 
disciples of the treasonable doctrine of resistance were Dermitted to 
go at large, punished enough b\" the contemjit which followed them. 

.Xlthougli the resources of our citizens li;id been cotisunied by 
a wastiii'j war and a bankrtinl iji iveniuu'iit the elasticit\ of our 





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Cui.. Samiki. Caxfiki.d. 

I 111 Ki ii's ii;ni'i:nm.\i. addkkss i<; 

foniKT (.•lUcrprisc was not relaxed. Ueleascd, now, from Colonial 
dependence, and free to act without foreif^jn restrictions, the ener- 
gies of our citizens soon recovered all they had lost. .\ C'onsti- 
tution of C.overnnient, uniting- the former Colonies into a j^^reat 
nation, was proposed to the State for adoption; and, in January, 
1787, a convention of deli.qates from the several towns met at 
Hartford to consider it. The votes of the deli^atcs from this 
Countv, upon this i^reat ([uestion, stood, twenty-two in the affirm- 
ative, and nine in the ne.uative. The nei^ative votes were from 
Cornwall, Xorfolk, and Sharon. Tfarwinton, New Hartford, and 
Torrinsj^ton were divided. 

No portion of the country sooner revived under the new im- 
pulse, given bv the establishment of a National Constitutional 
Government, than this Count\-. ( )ur rescnirces were varied. Our 
soil was every where strong on the hills and by the streams. \'ar- 
ious sections possessed their peculiarities of production. Wheat 
was a staple of the western towns. Dairy products were yielded 
in abundance in the northern and central regions ; and, in almost 
everv location, every si)ecies of grass, fruit, and grain, indigenous 
to anv northern latitude, by reasonable culture, was found to flourish. 
We were rich in the most useful mineral in the world, and our 
streams of ])urest water afiforded privileges every where for con- 
verting our ores into iron and our forests into building materials. 
But we had more — that, without which, all these were worthless; 
we had an industrious, and what was better, an economical and an 
intelligent yeomanry. We had a few slaves, to be sure : not enough 
of these, nor enough of a degraded foreign population to render 
the toil of our own hands, in the fields, or of our wives or (laughters, 
in the kitchen or the dairy, dishonored or disgraceful. Our people 
were Native Americans ! And here is the secret of our prosperity 
and progress. 

Tn 1784 the first newspaper press was established in this County 
by Thomas Collier, and was continued under his superintendence 
for more than twenty years. It w^as called the "Weeklv ^fonitor." 
It was a well conducted sheet, and it is refreshing now. after the 
lapse of many years, to look tlirough its columns, as through a 
glass, and see the men of other days, as they have spoken and acted 
on the same ground on which we stand. IMr. Collier was an able 
writer, and his editorial efforts would have done honor to anv 
journal. It is a Litchfield monitor now. and whoever shall look 
over its files will see. at a glance, the great changes which have been 
introduced, in later days, into all the departments of business and of 
social and political life. 

Then, the intercourse between the several towns in this County 
and the market towns was slow and difficult. The Countrv mer- 
chants were the great brokers, and stood between the farmer and 
the markets. Thev received all his produce and supplied all he 
wished to buv. The thriftv farmer, on settlement, received hi? 

20 i.n\iii'ii;i.i) roiN'n i'.i;n(,ii and i;.\r 

annual balance from the merchant. This enal)le(l him to increase 
his acres. He did not invest it in stocks ; of these he knew nothing, 
except such as he had seen attached as instruments of ])unishment, to 
the whipping- post in every town. 

The mercliants. thus employed, almost all became wealthy. 
A broken mercliant in the County was seldom heard of. Among 
the most successful and respectable of these gentlemen, whom I 
now recollect, were Julius Deming and Benjamin Tallmadge. of 
this ttnvn ; Tallmadge. of Warren : T.acon, of Woodbury ; Lea- 
vitts". of r)ethlem and Washington ; Starr. Xorton. and Lymans'. 
of C.oshen : Battel, of Norfolk; King, of Sharon; Holley. of Sahs- 
bury, and Elijah Boardman. of New Milford, afterwards a highly 
respectable Senator in the Congress of the I'nited States. At 
that time. Derby was the chief market town for many of the mer- 
chants in the southern towns of the Comity. 

The age of Turni:)ike Roads commenced about the year 1800. 
and no ])ortion of the country was more improved by them than 
this Countv. ?)efore this, a journey through the Green Woods 
was spoken of as an exoloit. — a region now accommodated by the 
most pleasant road in the County. The roads constructed, about 
the same time, from New Haven to Canaan, from Sharon to Goshen, 
and from Litchfield to Hartford, changed very much the aspect of 
the County and its current of business, and if they have not been 
l)rofitable to stockholders, thev have been invaluable to the ]ieople. 

The spur given to agricultiu"e b\- tlie wars following the French 
Revolution was felt in every thing. If our farmers have failed 
in anv thing, it has been in a i^-oper appreciation of their own calling. 
Thev have vielded a preference to other employments, to which they 
are not entitled. Tf we are to have an Aristocracy in this country. 
T sav, let the farmers and business men. and not our idlers, be our 
Princes! — not such as are ashamed of their emi)loyments and with- 
draw their sons from the field and their daughters from domestic 
lalior. T would have no such to rule over me. lUit, in sjiitc of 
some such false notions, agriculture has kei)t i)ace even with other 
branches of industry in the Countv, as the annearancc of our farms 
and the thrift of our farmers atU'st. Much of this may be attributed 
to an .Agricultural Society, which was formed here several years 
ago. and ha^ been well sustained until this time. 

I have alluded to the condition of manufactures as it was before 
the Revolution — limited to iron and confined to the furnace in Salis- 
l)ur\ and a few forges in that vieinitv : to which ma\ be added, the 
manufacture of majiU' sugar, to some extent b\ llie tanners in some 
of the towns. 

Kven a few years ago. this Count} was not believed to l)e destined 
to become a manufacturing comnunntx. During the Revolutionary 
War. Samuel Forbes, Esq.. commenced a most imnortant experi- 
ment in Canaan — the manufacture of nail rods. P.efore this, nails 
were hammered out from the bar iron — a slow and exi)ensive process. 

I, III urn's ll-.NTI'NNIAI. ADDKKSS 21 

'1 Ik rc was a sliuiuL; niill in Xc'w Jrrscy, in \\liii.-li nail rods were 
made, but the niacliinerv was kept liidden from public inspection. 
Forbes wished to obtain a knowledt^e of it, and for this purpose 
cmploNcd an ingenious mechanic and millwrit^ht, Isaac iiemou. (jf 
Salisbury r.enlon, disL:uise<l as a traveling' mendicant, obtained 
admission to the nnll. and so criticall\, and williont suspicion, 
marked the niacliiiuTx and its operation, as to be able immediately 
to make such a niddel of it as to construct a mill, of the same sort, 
for Forbes. This was the foundation of his L,aeat fortune in after 
life. He afterw^ards erected another slittin^-mill in W'ashint^ton, 
(now Woodville. ) !'.> these he was able to sup])ly the .u^reat de- 
mand for this article. This was a great im])rovement ui)on the 
former mode of nail-makin-. but was itself superseded, some years 
afterwards, by the introduction of cut nail machinery. Ksquire 
Forbes, as he was afterwards familiarly called by every body, may 
justlv 1ie deemed the pioneer of the manufacturing interests in this 
Countw Mis eiTorts were confined, generallw to the working of 
iron. Mis forge he extended, and accommodated to iIk- manufactur- 
ing of anchors, screws, and mill irons. He introtluced this branch 
of the iron business into this County, if not into the State. It was 
not long after followed by those enterprising manufacturers. Russell 
Hunt Sz Brothers, at South Canaan, by whom the largest anchors 
for the largest ships of the American Xavy were made. 

The manufacture of scythes 1)\ water-i)ower. was commenced 
in this County first at W'ins'ted. by Jenkins \- l>oyd, in \j^)4. These 
enterprising gentlemen, with the brothers Rockwell, soon extensive- 
ly engaged in various branches of tlie manufacture of iron and steel 
in \\'insted and that vicinity, from which originated, and has grown 
u]) to its present condition, one of the most nourishing manntactur- 
ing \-illages in the State. 

The furnace, in Salisbury, continued for many years in most 
successful operation under its active proprietors, and especially 
its last owners. ^lessrs. Holley <.^- Coffing. by whose energy and 
success, the iron interest, in Salisbury, has been most essenUally 
promoted; and it has extended into the towns of Canaan. Corn- 
wall Sharon, and Kent. Ames" works, at I'alls \illage. arc not 
equalled bv anv other in the State. 

In speaking of the iron interest. I cannot but allude agam to 
the Salisburv \ron ore. wdiich is found in various localities in that 
town It stands superior to auN" other for the tenacity of the iron 
which it produces, widi which the armories ot Springfield and 
Harper's Ferrv are supplied, and from which the chain cables and 
best anchors for the Xavv are made. .\nd I am confident, if the 
machinerv of the steam vessels and railroad cars were _ma<le ex- 
clusivelvfrom diis inn, and not from a cheaper and interior ma- 
terial, we should kncnv less of broken shafts and loss of lite in -^ur 
public convevances. ^ . . 

PaiKM- was first nia.le in this Conntv. at the great Falls ot the 

22 l,ri\ lllMi:i.I) C()l'.\T\' ni'.XCIl AM) llAK 

Htnisaltmic. in Salisbury. I)\ Adam \- I'hurch, as earl\- as 1787, 
and soon after in Litchhold. The first cardini^-machinc erected, 
I think, in tliis State, was built at the <;Teat falls in Canaan, about 
1802. Previous to this time, wool was carded only by females, at 
their own firesides. 

A general nianufacturinq- policy was suggested by the measures 
of government, and not long after a more extensive experiment 
was made in the manufacture of woolen cloths by the late Gov. 
Wolcott. and his brother Hon. Frederick W'olcott of this place, 
than had been made in this County before ; and although the trial 
was disastrous to its projectors, it was the parent of the subse- 
quent and present prosperity of the village of Wolcottville. 

The same policy has spread into almost every tcnvn in the 
County, and has not only extended the manufacture of iron, from 
a mouse trap to a ship's anchor, but has introduced, and is intro- 
ducing, all the various branches of manufactures pursued in this 
country : and of late, the elegant manufacture of the Papier Mache. 
Plymouth, New Hartford, Norfolk. Woodbury, as well as the 
towns before mentioned, have felt extensively the beneficial effects 
of this modern industrial progress, so that our County may now 
be set down as one of the first manufacturing Counties in the 
State ; and this confirms what I have said, that here are all the 
varied facilities of profitable employment, which can be found in 
any section or region o fthis countrw ( )ur young men need no 
longer seek adventure and fortune elsewhere ! Neither the desire 
of wealth, nor the preservation of health and life, should suggest 

As soon as the war w'as over, and the Indians subdued into 
peace, our people rushed again to \ ermont. and to the Whites- 
town and Genesee countries, as they were called ; so that, in a few 
years, let a Litchfield County man go where he would, between the 
to]) of the Green Mountains and Lake Champlain, or l)etween Utica 
and the Lakes, and every day he would greet an acquaintance or 
citizen from his own County. 

And then follpwed the sale and occupation of the Connecticut 
Western Reserve. Many of its original proprietors were our citi- 
zens : and among them. ATessrs. Boardman. of New ^lilford ; Holmes. 
Tallmadge. and Wadsworth, of TJtchfield : Starr and Norton, of 
Goshen; Canfield. of Sharon; Johnston, Church, and \\"aterman. 
of vSalisbury. For a time it seemed as if depopulation was to fol- 
low. The towns of Boardman, Canfield. Tallmadge. Johnson, Hud- 
sf)n. and several others on the reserve, were soon filling up with 
the brst blood and spirit of otu^ County: and since then, we have 
been increasing the population of other i)arts of the States of New 
York and ( )hio, as well as of Michigan. Illinois, and Indiana, so 
that now there is not one of us who remain, who has not a parent, 
a brother. f)r a child, in New "S'ork. A\M-monl, or tlie States of the 
\\^est. And wi' l)elievc (hat these children of otu" own raisintr have 

(.IIIKtllS CKNTi;N \ I \l. ADDKKSS 23 

transmitted the ini])i-c'ss and imai^v of Utclifk-ld County, t(j the gen- 
eral concHtion of society wliere tliey have gone, and that they have 
fixed there a moral Hkeness which proves its parentage. This em- 
igrating propensity has characterized the Saxon race in all times 
of its history; and it is still at work, scattering us into every corner 
and climate, and away to dio- for o^ld and graves in the barrens of 
Calitornia ! Xotwitlistanding this exhausting process of emigration, 
our population which, in the \ear 1800. was 41.671 , has increased 
to the number of 46. 171. 

I (1(1 not kudw tliat ])ef(ire the l\e\( ilution there was a public 
Grammar School in the County. The i)reparatory studies of \-oung 
men. intended for collegiate course, were j^rosecuted with ])rivate 
instructors — general]), the Clerg\- ; and this course was ])ursucd 
still later. 

Among the clergymen of the County most distinguished as in- 
structors, and in fitting young men for college, as it was called, 
were Rev. Daniel Farrand, of Canaan, Ammi R. Robbins. of Nor- 
folk. Judah Cham])ion, of Litchfield, and Azel Backus, D. D., of 
Rethlem. This last named gentleman was afterwards President 
of Hamilton College. 

Soon after the war, Academies were instituted, and among the 
first and best of them was the Morris Academy in the parish of 
South Farms, in this town, which was commenced in 1790, bv 
James Morris, Esq. Esquire Morris was no ordinary man. He 
was a distinguished graduate of Yale College, and an active officer 
in the Revolutionary Army. His learning was varied and practical, 
and under his direction the Morris Academy became the most noted 
public school of the County, and so continued for many years. 
An Academy at Sharon, not long after, acquired a deserved repu- 
tation, under such instructors as John T. Peters, Elisha Sterling, 
and Barzillai Slosson. Many years afterwards an Academy was 
conducted in Ellsworth Society, in the same town, imder the super- 
intendence of Rev. Daniel Parker, which soon attained a high 

Our relative position in the State, and the controlling influence 
of the cities, have left us without College, Asylum, (ir Retreats ; 
but our district schools have been doing their proper work, so that 
Judae Reeve remarked while alive, that he had never seen but one 
witness in Court, born in this County, who could not read. And 
these schools have not only made scholars, but sclwol-niasfcrs. and 
these have been among the best of our indigenous productions, and 
have found a good market every where. \\"hen Congress sat in 
Philadelphia, a Litchfield County man was seen driving a drove 
of mules through the streets. A North Carolina member congratu- 
lated the late Mr. Tracy upon seeing so many of his constituents that 
morning, and enquired where they were going, to which he facetious- 
ly replied, that they were going to .Vp;7/? Carolina to kcrp school. 

24 i.rmii-iKi.i) ^■(ll■^•T^• hi-ncii and v.ak 

A new tdiio to fcniak' cducalioii was ^ivcn by ihc i.'stal)lish- 
nioiit (it a I'cnialc Scniinai"\. tOr the instruction ot females in 
this vilhii^e, by Miss Sarah Tierce, in 17<>_'. This was an un- 
tried experiment. Hitherto the e(hication of youn<;- huhes, with 
few exce]ilions. had lieen ueL^iected. The (Hsirict school had limit- 
ed their course of studies. Miss I'ierce saw and regretted this, 
and devoted herself and all of her acti\e life to the mental .and 
moral culture of her sex. The experiment succeed^jd entirely. 
This Acedemy soon became the resort of \<iunL; ladies from all 
])oriions of the country — from the cities an>l the towns. Then. 
the country was jireferred, as most suitable for female imjjrovo- 
mcnt, away from the frivolities and dissiixition of fashionable life. 
Xow. a dilVerent. ncit a lietter ])ractice. ])re\ails. Many of the 
grandmothers and mothers of the i^reseni generation were educated 
as well for gentel as for useful life, in this school, and its intluence 
upon female character and accom])lishments was great and extensive. 
It continued for more than forty \ears, and its venerable Trincipal 
and her sister assistant now live among us, the honored and iKMior- 
able of their sex. 

IJefore this, and as early as 1784. a Law Scliool was instituted 
in this village. Ta])i)ing Reeve, then a young lawyer from Long 
Island, who had commenced the practice of his jirofession here, 
was its ])rojector. It is not known whether in this cotmtrx'. or any 
where, except at the Inns of Court at ^^'estminster. a school for 
the training of lawyers had been attempted. No Professorships 
of Law' had been introduced into American Colleges ; nor was the 
Law treated as a liberal science. 

Before this, the law student served a short clerkship in an at- 
tornev's office, — studied some fcH^ms and little substance, and had 
within his reach but few volumes beyond Coke's \' Wood's Insti- 
tutes. l^)lackstone's Commentaries, Bacon's Abridgment, and Jacob's 
Law Dictionary, and, when admitted to the P>ar, was better instruct- 
ed in pleas in abatement, than in the weightier matters of the Law. 
Before this, too, the Common Law. as a system, was imperfectly 
understood here and in our sister States. Few" law\ers ha.d master- 
ed it. The reputation of this institution soon became as extensive 
as the country, and young men from Maine to (k'orgia sought to 
finish their law studies here. 

ludge Reeve C(jn(lucted this school alone, from its commence- 
ment until I7<j8, when, having been aopointed to the Bench of the 
Su])erior Court, he associated with him, as an instructoi-, James 
Gould. Ksf|. These gentlemen conducted the school together for 
several years, until the advanced age of Judge Reeve admonished 
liim to retire; after which. Judge dould continued the school alone 
luitil a few years l)efore his death. It may be said of Judge Reeve, 
that he first gave the Law a place among liberal studies in tiiis 
countrv. — that "he fomid it a skeleton, and clothed it with life, 
color, and com])le\ion." This school gave a ni'w impulse to legal 

(Ill Kill's ti;N ri'.wiAi. ADDKKss 25 

learning aiil il \\a^ l\ll in [\)v J iirisiMiKlciice a.'i well a> in the 
Legislation of all the SlaU's. 

A nc-w subject of study, not kiiowu in any oilier country, haci 
been presented to the legal student here, — the Constitution of the 
I'nited and the Legislation of Congress. Uniformity of in-' 
terpretation was indispensable. 

At this institution students front every State drank from tho 
same fountain, were taught the same principles of the Common 
and Constitutional Law; and these ])rinciples. with the same modes 
of legal thinking and feeling and of administration were dissemin- 
ated throughout the entire country. More than one thousand 
lawyers of the luiled States were educated here, and many of 
them afterwards among the most eminent Jurists and Legislators. 
Even after Judge Gould's connection with the school, an inspection 
of the catalogue will show, that from it have gone out among the 
States of this Union, a \ ice President of the I'nited States, two 
Judges of the Supreme Court of the United States, forty Judges 
of the highest State Courts, thirteen Senators, and forty-six Kei)re- 
sentatives in Congress, besides several Cabinet anrl Foreign Min- 

I have said that this school gave a new imi)ulse to legal learn- 
ing in this country. Soon after its establishment, and not before, 
reports of judicial decisions ap])cared. Ephraim Kirby. Esq an 
able lawyer of this village, published the first volume of Rci)orts 
of Adjudged Cases, in this country. — a volume which deserved 
and received the approbation of the profession here and elsewhere. 
This was soon followed by Reports in Massachusetts and New York. 

Standing at this point of time, and looking back over the events 
of an hundred vears, we would recall, not only the scenes which 
have transi)ircd. but revive our recollections of the men who have 
acted in them. Memory cannot raise the dead to life again ; yet 
it may liring back something of their presence. — shaded and dim. 
but almost real ; — and through the records of their times we may 
hear them speak again. To some of these T have made allusion, I 
would speak of others. 

The "allusion to the Law School of the County suggests to me 
a brief notice, also, of the legal profession here, and of its most 
distinguished members, as well as a further allusion to others of 
the sons of Litchfield County, distinguished in other professions 
and employments of life. tn speaking of these T must confine 
myself to the meniorx of tlie dead. And here. T feel that T am 
under a restraint which, on anv other occasion. T would resist. T 
feel tbis chain which hinds me the more as I look around on this 
gathering and see some her(\ and am reminded of others — so many, 
who have contributed bv snlendid talents and moral worth, to make 
our name a ]>raise in the land. As the renrescntativc of the County. 
T would most gladlv do them li\-in<T homage before yon all. T re- 
sjret that T have hnd so brief an onnortunitv to make this notice 

26 I.ll\Ill"li:i.l) COINTV I'.l'MIl AM) 1;AR 

as perfect as it should he. — a favorite theme, if 1 coiihl but do it 

I have not heen able to learn nuich of the Lawyers who i)racticed 
in this territory beft^re the organization of the Cotmt\ in 1751. 
Samuel rettil>oiie. Esc|., of Goshen, and Reynold ^[arvin, b',s(|., of 
Litchtield. (a native of Lyme,) are all of whom I can speak. 

Mr. Pettibone lived to a great age and died in reduced circum- 
stances, in ly^/. Mr. Marvin was respectable in his i)rofession, 
and was King's Attorney at the time of the Revolution. His resi- 
dence was at the dwelling of Dr. William Buel, in this village. 

Among the Lawyers of the new County who api)eared in its 
Courts, were Mr. Thatcher, of Xew Milford, Hezekiah Thom])son 
and Edward Hinman, of Woodbury, Mr. Humphrey, of Norfolk. 
John Canfield, of Sharon, Andrew .Adams, of Litchfield, Mr. Catlin. 
of Harwinton, and Joshua Whitney, of Canaan. Of these, Messrs. 
Canfield and Adams became distinguished at the Bar and in public 
life. Mr. Canfield was the son of Samuel Canfield, of Xew Mil- 
ford, one of the Associate Judges of the County. He was aj^point- 
ed a member of Congress under the Confederation, but died before 
he took his seat. We can appreciate his character when informed 
that he was the chosen colleague of Johnson, Ellsw'orth, and Trum- 
bull. Mr. Adams succeeded Mr. Marvin as State's Attorney He 
was esteemed an eloquent advocate, and his reputation at the L>ar 
was distingtiished. He was well versed in theological studies, and 
in the absence of his minister, often officiated in the pulpit. He 
was a member of the Continental Congress, and after the Revolu- 
tion, became an Associate, and then Chief Justice of the Superior 

Before the Revolution there were btit few eminent lawyers in 
the County, and professional gentlemen from abroad attended our 
courts and were employed in the most important causes, .\niong 
these were Thomas Sevmour. Es(|., of Hartford, and Plon. Samuel 
A\'. Johnson, of Stratford, then standing at the head of the Con- 
necticut Bar. A colonial condition was, as it ever will be, un- 
favorable to the develo])ment of forensic talent. 

The change in the state of this Bar, after the War, and especi- 
ally after the settlement of the government, was sudden and great ; 
and. within a few years after this event, no County in the State 
and but few in other States, could boast of a Bar more distinguished 
for legal talent and high profession and moral excellence, than tliis. 
Reeve, Tracv. Allen, Kirliy, Strong of Salislim-\-. Smith of \\'(»o(l- 
buTV. Smith and Canfield, of Sharon, are names which re\ive proud 
recollections among the old men of the Count). And while these 
gentlemen stood before our courts there came to ilu'ir company a 
youn'jer band, destined, with tluiu. to perpetuate the high stanrl- 
ing of the ])rofession here ; — Could Sterling, of Salisbm-y : Benedict, 
Ruggles. lioardman. Smith. <>\ Lilehlield : Slo>siin, Southmaxd, 


Swan, I 'rllihoiK', and al'UTw aid, Miiur, Williams, llacoii, and 

Tapping Rccvc was a native of Iy<*ng- Island, ami a distin;,(uislic(l 
j^radute of Nassau Hall. New jersey, and a tutor in that college. 
He commenced practice here in 1783, and was one of tlie most 
learned lawyers of the da\ in which he lived. 1 le loved the law 
as a science, and studied it philosophically, lie considered it as 
the practical api)lication of religious principle to the l)usiness affairs 
o\ life. He wished to reduce it to a certain, symmetrical system 
of moral truth. He did not trust to the inspiration of genius for 
eminence, but to the results of profound and constant study, and 
was never allured by ]iolitical ambition. T seem, even now, to see 
his calm and placiil countenance shining through his abundant 
locks, as he sat, poring over his notes in the lecture room, and to 
hear his shrill whisper, as he stood when giving his charge to the 
jury. He w^as elevated to the Bench of the Superior Court in i/f)^. 
and to the office of Chief Justice in 1804. and retired from ])ublic 
life at the age of seventy _\ears and died iu iH_'7. Me ])ublisbed a 
valuable treatise on Dc^iuestic Relations, and another 1 >n the Law 
of Descents. 

Cen. I'riah Tracy was a native of Xorwich, and one of the 
first of the pu])ils of Judge Reeve. .\s a jury advocate he obtained 
a high disiinctiou. His wit was inmgent and his powers of oratory 
unccimmon. He was a ixilitician. often a member of our own Legis- 
lature ; for several years a member of Congress, and he died in 1807, 
while a member of the Senate of the Huited Stales, iu whicli body 
he was eminently distinguished. 

Col. Adonijab Strong, the father of the late Hon. Martin 
v^troug. was unique in genius and manner, of large professional 
business, sound i)ractical '^ense, and many anecdotes of his say- 
ings and doings are still remembered and rejieatcd in the County. 

Hon. Xathaniel Smith, of W'oodburv. a native of Washington, 
commenced life under discouraging circumstances. He had neither 
fortune nor the jirosjiect of any, nor early education, to stimulate 
him. Like many other Xew England boys, he fought his way to 
eminence : and eminent be was ; and T cannot tell by what process 
he became so. lie, too, was one of the early members of the Law 
School here. He was not a man of many books. He seemed to 
understand the la\v. as did Mansfield and Afarshall, by intuition, 
and to have acquired the power of language b\- insniration. His was 
a native elo(|uence \et chaste, and "when unadorned, adorned the 
most." T think be was one of the most urofound lawwers and iudges 
of this cotmtrw He was a member of the Comicil. a member of 
Congress, and was elevated to the IkmicIi of the SiU)erior Court in 

Hon. Xathan Smith was a \dunger brother of X'athaniel Smith, 
and though born and reared in this Coimty. his professional and 

j8 i.rn.'iii-ii:i.i) cointv hkxch and bar. 

public life was passed in Ww llavcn Coiim). \n\\ he often ap])eared 
at this P>ar. lie was less i)rofiuni(l ihan his hvdther. more arcient, 
and ])erhai)s more cfifcctive as a jury law\er. lie died, while a 
Senator in Congress, in 1835. 

lion. John Allen was a native of Massachusetts and instructed 
bv .Mr. Reeve, and for several years held a conimandinG: position 
at this r>ar. 

Hon. John Cotton Smith, of Sharon, was the son of Rev. Cotton 
Mather Smith, of that town. .\ graduate of Yale College and of 
the Litchfield Law School, he soon took a i)roniincnt place by the 
side of Tracy and Nathaniel Smith at the I'.ar of the County. He 
was known as a fluent speaker, and of easy and graceful address; 
he became a popular advocate. For several sessions of the Legis- 
lature of the State he was speaker of the House of Rej^rescntatives. 
Tn Congress he sustained an enviable reputation as a i)residing offi- 
cer. l\)on retiring from Congress he was soon placed upon the 
Bench of the Superior Court, from which he was promoted to the 
office of Governor of the State. From this he retired, and from 
public life, in 1817. The remainder of his life was spent in cloing 
good, either as President of the American Bible Society, or in dis- 
charging the duties of a virtuous citizen in his native town, until 
his death in 1845. 

Hon. James Gould was a uati\'c of Branford, a graduate and 
a tutor of Yale College. He i)ursued his professional studies with 
Tudge Reeve, and, soon after coming to the Bar of this Coimty, 
"he became associated with him as an instructor of the Law School. 
Judge Gould was a critical scholar, and alwa\s read with his pen 
in his hand, whether Law l-ook or books of fiction or fancy, for 
wliicli he indulged a passion. In the more abstruse subjects of the 
law, he was more learned than judge Reeve, and. as a lecturer, more 
lucid and methodical. The Common Law he had searched to the 
bottom, and he knew it all — its i)rinciplcs, and the reasons from 
which thev were drawn. As an advocate, he was not a man of 
imi)assioned eloquence, but clear and logical, employing language 
elegant and chaste. He indulged in no wit, and seldom excited a 
laugh, but was ver\- sure to carrv a listener along with him to his 
conclusions. \\\\h his brethren, his intercourse was always courte- 
ous, and w^ith his \-ounger ones, kind and affectionate. He never 
gave offense. In his arguments, he resorted to no artifice, but met 
the difficulties in his wa\ ftdly in the face, and if he coidd not over- 
come them he yielded without irritation. lie was appointed an 
.Associate ludgc of the Sui:)erior Coiu't in 1816. and retired from the 
Bench to private life soon after. ludgt' Gould i)ublished an able 
treatise on tin- Law of Pleading, in which he was gm-erned b\' the 
truth of T,ord Coke's sa\ing. "he knoweth not the law. who 
knowetb not the reason thereof." His volume has received flat- 
tering aDjtroxal from the most learned Jurists in this coimtry and 
F.ngland. Jtidge Gould died in 1838. 

From Cravon Sketch. 1800. 

(Ill urn's ( I,\I'i;NM.\I. AltDKKSS -"> 

Koali 1'.. I'.ciudicl was llic sun <>f \\v\ . Noali lic-iu'ilict. of 
Woodhurv, a gentleman of no ])reoocity of inU-Uect or {^^-nius. an<l 
his first appearance at the liar did not promise the eminence whicli 
he afterwards acquired, lie sHuhed, and llie Law was the chief 
suhject of his stud\-. lie aspirt'(l {>, ik. hi-lur place than distinc- 
tion in his ])rofession. lie t'n,yaL;ed in none of die ordinary husi- 
ness transactions of society, and, as he (Mice told me, he never j^ave 
a promissor\- note in his life. With such an undivided attention 
to his i)rofessional calling;-, it was not .strange that lie sliould reach 
a high Dlace at the I'.ar. .\nd he did reach it, and, at the time of 
his death, no man here stood before him. Mis e\am])le sjionld lie 
a choice model for \-oimg lawyers. 

('.en. l''lisha Sterling. t)i Salishury, was a nati\'e of Lyme. .\o 
one in our profession was more assiduous in its nractice than this 
gentleman. His causes were never neglected in their i)repara- 
tion. The controlling" ])oints of every case he discovered quick, 
and i)resscd both, in i)re])aration and argument, with zeal. He 
neg'lected the stud\ of method and s\ stem in his argumnUs. hut. 
when concluded, nothing had been omitted. 

Passing b\ , on this hurried occasion, a more particular notice 
of the galax\- of Lawyers, to wdiom T have alluded, T may I'C in- 
dulged in ])aying an affectionate tribute to one or two. whose familiar 
voices still seem sounding in our Court Hcnise. 

Hon. Tabez W. Huntington earned his high urofessional char- 
acter here, where he commenced and continued his practice for 
several \ears. He engaged in i)ublic life, and returned to hi? na- 
tive town of Norwich. He was elected to Congress: afterwards 
he was elevated to the llench of the Superior Court, which place 
he retained until he was ai^pointed a Senator in Congress, in which 
positi' n he died in 1847. Having been associated with fudge 
Huntington at the P)ar and on the Pcnch, T can bear true testimony 
to his superior abilities in both i)laces. 

Of m\- late Itrother, Leman Church l^scj.. the proprieties of mv 
connection \\ill not permit me to sneak. The deep sensation pro- 
duced at this Bar, and the grief which tore the hearts of his num- 
erous friends, when he died, is the onl\ eulogy u])on his h'fe and 
character to which T mav refer. 

T had a voung friend, upon whose opening prospects T looked 
with anxiety and hope. Tde was of generous heart and liberal 
hand and stinudated b\ an honorable ambition, which seemed 
nearh al the i)oint of gratification when death came for its vic- 
tim. This friend was Francis P.acou. b^s(|.. who died in 1.840. at 
the age of 7,0 vears. 

Hon. Oliver W'olcott, the yoimger, late Covernor of this State, 
was also a member of this P>ar. and though he engaged in oublic 
life soon after his admission, we are entitled to retain his name 
on our catalogue. I shall not speak now of his life and eminent 
services. Thev make a prominent j^art of the country's history. 

30 I.ITCllFIKI.D COlN'n' I;i:NC1I AM) V..\\< 

and have l)ccn. within a tew xcars, taithfulK written 1)\ his near 
relative. He died in 1S33. and I regret to say that his remains 
He in our ijrave-yard. without a monument to mark liis restin*.^- 
])lace. His l)ust lias heeii ])resented. on this occasion, to the liar 
of this Comity. 

I make the same claim to retain amony the names ot' our de- 
parted brethren, that of Hon. Frederick Wolcott. a sen oi the 
elder Gov. \\'olcott, of this villao'c. He l)ecame a member of this in earl\ life, and with his^b i)rospects of ]:)rofessional distinc- 
tion: but he acce|-)ted the proffered office of Clerk of the Courts 
and Judge of Probate for this district, in ijt)^. and soon relinquish- 
ed jirofessional duties. lM»r several _\ears he was a prominent mem- 
ber of the Council, under the Charter administration. An intimate 
connexion with this gentleman, both jiublic and i)rivate. justifies 
the high o])inion T have ever entertained of his purity of life and 
character, his public spirit, and his frank and o])en bearing. 1 never 
pass by the venerable mansion of the \\'olcott family, in my daily 
walks al)out this village, without recalling the statelx" form and 
ever honorable dei)ortment of Frederick ^^'olcott. The duties of 
his official stations were discharged with the entire api)robation of 
the community for man\- vears. and until a short time before his 
death, and amidst the conflicts and overturnings in the ])(^litical 
revolutions of the times. 

Roger and Richard Skinner, were sons of Gen. Timothy Skin- 
ner of this town, and members of this bar. Roger commenced 
business in this village, and gave assurance, b\' his early talents. 
of his future standing; but he was here in tlie most bitter state of 
Connecticut politics, and. as he believed, was comi)elled to esca')e 
from unmerited opi)osition. He removed to the State of Xew 
A'ork ; soon attained a deserved eminence in his profession and 
was ai^pointed a Judge of the United States Court, in the Xorth- 
ern District of that State. Richard Skinner removed to \'er- 
mont and aftcrwarrls became an eminent Judge of the Suiierior 
Court, and ultimately Governor of that State. 

In the clerical profession, I \vd\c remarked before, that there 
was earh manifested a disjxisition rather to be good tban great. 
The clergv of this County were nearl\ all educated men ; and many 
of them riue scholars and profound divines, and if there were not 
as main' here as in some other regions, whose names have been 
transmitted to us as among the great ones of Xew l'nglan<l, it has 
been because the severer calls of parochial dut\. and stinted means, 
and Christian graces restrained their aspirations after fame. Di- 
vinit\ lia^ furnished die most comi'on tluMiie and enijiloyed the most 
pens. We are all iheolgiaus in Xew l-'ngland. 

Rev. loseoh llellamw D. D., of r.ethlem, was probably the 
first and most eminent of our writers on this subject. He was 
eloquent anrl impressive as a i)reaclier, as well as learned .and pro- 
found as a scholar and writer, lie ijublished several theological 

c'liiRcii s (■i:N"ri:N N I \i. addkkss 31 

\\(irks ui)i>ii practical and ci intn ivcrsial snhjrc-ts. besides occasional 
sermons, which arc t<innil in ihc hhrarics of Divines, aiul liave 
l)een held in hit^h rcpntc. not duK anions^' the disciples of his own 
peculiar opinions, hut amon^ others, as well in ]uiro])e as in this 
countr\ : and a modern edition of them has heen recently ouh- 
lished. Dr. Ucllamy was the .q;randfather of the late Joseph II. 
l>ellam\, l{s(|.. of I'.ethlem. a qentleman of L,^real mf)ral and jiro- 
fessional worth. 

Rev. Jna. Jvlwards was a pu])il of Dr. llellamy in hi^ theoloj.^- 
ical studies, and. although not a native of this Connty, he resided 
among' us for several years, as the first settled minister of Cole- 
brook, and imtii he was called to the presidency of Union Col- 
lege, in 17<)|)- lie was the anther of several volumes ot great 
merit: and among them, a treatise upon the saKation of all men, 
in re])l\ h> Dr. Chauncey ; also, a <lissertatif>n on the libert\- of 
the will in rei)ly to West, and observations on the language of the 
Stockbridge Indians. 

Rev. Chauncev Lee, D. D., who succeeded Dr. ]ulwards, as 
minister in Colehrook, was a native of Salisbury, and a son of 
Rev. jonatlian, of that town. Tie was educated for the bar. 
and commenced practice in his native town. This he soon relin- 
quished for the clerical calling. Very early he published a Deci- 
mal Arithmetic ;md afterwards a volume of Sermons on various 
subjects. r>ui his most elaborate work, and the one most 
esteemed by hiiuself. was a poem, entitled "The Trial of \Trtue," 
being a riarai)hrase of the book of Job. Dr. was a gentle- 
man of some eccentricities, but a ver\ learned di\-ine and impres- 
sive ])reacher. 

Rev. Sanmel J. ?vlills, a native of Torrington, and son of the 
venerable pastor of one of the societies there, is entitled to a more 
extended notice than 1 am j^-epared on this occasion to repeat. 
Not because he w^as the author of books, but the author and 
originator of liberal and extensive benevolent efifort. The noble 
cause of Foreign Missions in this country, is deeply indebted to 
him as one of its most zealous and active projectors and friends. 
Another of the most splendid charities of any age or country.— 
the Colonization Society. — owes its existence to the efforts of this 
g>Mitleman ; and his name \v\\\ be cherisherl by the t:>hilanthropists 
of the world, along with those of Howard and Wilberforce. 

Rev. Horace Holley. D. D.. of Salisbury, was son of :\Ir. 
Luther Hollev. and one of a highly distinguished and worthy 
family of brothers. Dr. Holley was first ordined pastor of a 
Church and Society at Greenfield, in Fairfield C(Mmty, and was 
one of the successors of the late Dr. Dwight, in that parish. He 
subsequentlv removed to Boston and liecame one of the 
eloquent pulnit orators among the eminent divines of that metrop- 
olis. He afterwards became President of Transylvania l"''niver- 
sitv in Kentuckv, and flied, while vet a voung man on shin-board. 

32 i,n\iii-ii:i.i) COIN r\' iikncii and \\.\r 

wlun i>ii his return from \cw ( )rlcans io Xcw England. I am not 
infornu'd that he left any published works behind him, except 
sermons delivered on special occasions. He was my class-mate 
in College, and 1 knew him well. 

'I'hc Rev. Dr. I'.ackus of llethlcni. Rev. Mr. Hooker of Goshen, 
and l\e\ . I )r. I'orter of Washington, are remembered as among" 
the most learned l)ivines of the County. 

( )f llie .Medical Profession and the Medical Professors iiere. 
m\ opi)ortunities of information have not been extensive. And 
\ et I ha\-e known enough of them to j^tersuade me that a more 
learned and useful facult\ . has not been found elsewhere in the 
State. h"nii)iricism has always existed, and will exist ; and the 
credulitv of some good men will give it countenance. We depend 
upon a learned medical influence, more than any thins^- else, to 
save us from its death-dealing results. 

.•\s earl\- as January, i/*^)/, a Medical assejciation was formed 
in this County, composed of the most eminent physicians then in 
practice here. Its object was to establish rules of practice and 
intercourse : — i^romote medical science by providing for annual 
consultations and dissertations, and to protect the reputation of 
the profession and the health of the community, from the inroads 
of ignorant pretenders to medical science. Among the names of 
the gentlemen composing this body, T see those of Joshua Porter, 
Lemuel Wheeler. Joseph Perry, Seth Bird, W'illiam .\bernethy, 
Samuel Catlin, Simeon Smith, Cyrus Marsh Enhraim Gitteau. 
John Calhoun, &c. One of the earliest physicians of the County 
was Oliver Wolcott. He was the son of Hon. Roger Wolcott. 
of Windsor, a former Governor of the Coktny. He had served 
as an officer in the French war. and settled himself in Goshen 
l)efore the organization of the Count}', in the ])racticc i^f his pvo- 
fession. Whether he continued in ])ractice as a jihysician after 
his removal to this town is not known; probably, however his 
official duties as Sheriff i)revented it. He was su1)se(|uently 
honored with almost every official place which a good man wtmld 
covet. — he was a member of the House of Representatives, of the 
Council, a Judge of Probate, a Judge of the Countv Com-t a 
Renresentati\e in Congress, a signer nf the Declaration of Tn- 
denendence. Lieutenant Governor, and Governor of his native 
State, and n^ore than aU. the father of an excellent family. He 
is said to have been a man of uncommon diffidence, and dis- 
trustful of his own abilitv. His public communications display 
sound jtidgment. and his more confidential correspondence a 
warm affectir)n and a piu'c purjiose. 

Dr. Seth llird. of LitchfieM. prol)al)l\ Iield the lirsi i)]ace 
among the earl\- i)hysicians of the Count\. His rei^utalion was 
wide-spread. For acutcness of di'^crimination and soimdness of 
judgment he was not excelled. 


Dr. loscpli I'errv, <»f W'oodhurx, \v;is not only eminent in Iiis 
profession, but, what was lunisnaj in liis day, he excylk'l as a 
l)elles-k'ttrc scholar and was a -intUman well read in various 
branches of science. I.ater generations produced their eminent 
and accomplished physicians. Dr. Xathaniel Terry, son of the 
gentleman just named; Dr. Daniel Sheldon, of this town: Drs. 
Fowler of 'Washington, Rockwell of Sharon. Welch of Norfolk 
Tickiior of Salisbury. 

Dr. Sanmel Woodward, of 'Porrington. was not only a physi- 
cian of high rei)nte himself, hut lie wa> almost literally a father 
of the facultx. Dr. Samuel I'.. Woodword, late of Worcester, 
Massachusetts, Dr. Ileiu\ Woodward, late of .Middletown, and 
Dr. (.'harles Woodward, of the same place, w^cre his sons, — born 
and educated in this C'otmty. I"cw men in any community have 
attained a more eminent and useful position than Dr. Samuel 1'. 
\\'oodward. lender his sui^erintcndance the Insane Hosoital, at 
\\'orcester, was established and for man\ years conducted, and 
now sustains a reoutation equal with any of the noble charities 
of this country. The Annual Reports of Dr. Woodward and his 
other professional writings, and the success of his efforts in the 
cause of humanity, have earned for him a reputation which will 
long survive. 

.Among the Surgeons of note, in earlier times was Dr. Samuel 
Catlin, of Litchfield, and at a later i)eri()d. Dr. Samuel R. Cager. 
of Sharon. 

The medical profession in this County has i)roduccd some 
writers of respectability. Dr. Elisha Xorth was for several years 
a phvsician of extensive i)ractice in Goshen, and he afterwards 
removed to Xew London. He iiublished an api)roved treatise on 
spotted fever, which e\tensivel\- i)re\-ailed in C.oslu'U and its vicin- 
ity, while he resided there. 

Dr. Caleb Ticknor of Salisbury, was brother of the late ex- 
cellent Dr. Luther Ticknor, of tliat town, and of Dr. Renaiah 
Ticknor. for manv years a surgeon in the navy of the United 
States; and although a voung man when he removed to Xew 
York Citv. about the year 1832. he rose rapidly to a high place 
in his profession. He iniblished several medical works, the most 
ponular of which was, the Philosophv of T.iving. which consti- 
tutes one of the volumes of Harpers" Family Library. 

The Chipman familv. a numerous brotherhood, removed from 
Salisbury to A>rmont immediately after the Revolutionarv War: 
it produced eminent men. Xathaniel was an officer of the Rev- 
olution. He became Chief Justice of Vermont, and a Senator 
in Congress. He nublished a small volume of Judicial R'^nnrts 
and a larger treatise upon the Principles of Government. Daniel 
Chioman. a vounger brother of this gentleman was a verv prom- 
inent member of the A^ermont Par. He was the autlv^r of a very 


creditable essay "( )n tlio Law of Contracts'": and l^esides a vol- 
ume of Law Reports, he i)iiblishe(l the life of his brother Xathaniel, 
and also the life of Gov. Thomas Chittenden. 

Hon. Ambrose Spencer, late Chief Justice of the v^tate of 
New York, was born in Salisbury, the son of Phili]) SyKMicer, 
Esq, He was prepared for his colleg'iate course under the in- 
struction of Rev. Daniel Farrand. of Canaan ; studied the law. 1 
believe, with Hon. John Canfield. of Sharon, whose daui^hter he 

Hon. Josiah S. Johnston, late an eminent member of the Sen- 
ate of the United States, from Louisania. was a native of the same 
town. He was the son of Dr. John Johnston, who removed 
early to l\entuck\-. His academical studies were pursued here. 

Samuel Moore, of Salisbtiry. was a profound mathmatician 
and ent^a^^ed nmch in the instruction of young" men in what was 
called tlie survexor's art. He jmblishcd a treatise on surveyin^:^, 
with a table of logarithms. Tt was the earliest work on that 
branch of mathematical science i)ublished in this country. Tt 
introduced the method of computing contents by calctilation en- 
tirelw witliout measuring triangles b\- scale and dividers. Tt 
was a valuable treatise, but was nearl\- superseded by a more 
finished one by Rev. .Abel Flint, in which he borrowed much from 

Kthan .\llen is (leser\-ing of notice only for his revolutionary 
services, which are matters of public history. He ])ublished a 
narrative of his cantivit}- as a ]irisoner of war. and a volume of 
Tnfield Theokigy. He was a native of this county: the t<>\\n of 
his nativity has 1ieen a matter of dispute, but is not a question 
worth solving". 

A\'e ha\e had Poets, too. besides such as T have mentioned. 
who deserx'e a remembrance on this occasion. 

LTon. John 'rrnmbull. late one of the Judges of the Superior 
Court of the State, was born in Watertown in this Cmmt}", in 
which bi^ father was a minister. The Progress of Dulness, and 
McFingal. the most admired of his Poems, were written in early 
life. The\ are satyrical productions, and for genuine wit have 
not been excelled by any niodern effort. Juflge Trumliuirs ac- 
tive life was passed chiefly in TTartf(~)rd. 

William Ray was a Salisbur\ man. born in 1771. and while a 
lad <levelo])ed a taste for poetr\ l)nt earl\- destitution and mis- 
fortunes ])ressed upon him dr(i\-e him intu (he \a\-\- of the United 
States. He was for some time a cai")tive in Trinoli, and in 1808 
he published the TTorrors of Slavery, and in i!^m a volume of 

h'.benezer P. Mason was a native of Washington. \'er\- few 
nien gave nmre early pronn'se of literar\ ;ind scientific distinc- 
tion than \(>ung Mason. His lif^. and writings were iniblished 
iti 1A42. by I'rofessor r)|nisted. nf 'S'ale College. 

ciirkrii's cknti;nm.\i. aduki'.ss 35 

W ;isliin,L;ti 111 has hrcii a iiursiTv ot (.'iiiiiu-iil iiK-n, ol whom I 
■c-aniiol now spt'ak without viohitiiij; ni\ purpose of spcakinj^' of (he 
(lead, and not of the hvin^. 

Mrs. T.aura M . Thurston, of .Xorfolk. i)erniitted to he ptih- 
lished by her friends, several poetii-al pieees of unconiinon sweet- 
ness and exei'lleuce, — the I'aths of i,ife, the Creeii Mills of my 
Father Land, and others. 

There are hut few occasions, and these extreme ones, which 
call out the (jualifications for military life. 

den. Peter 15. Porter was the yount^est son of C'ol. Joshua 
I'orter, of Salishurx , of whom I have s])okeu Ixfore. Mr was 
a graduate of Yale C'olle.i^e and i)ursued the stud) of the law 
where so man\- of the noted men of the country have — at the 
TJtchfield Law School. Me was among- the early emij^ftants 
from this County to the C.ensee country. Me was soon called 
t(^ occupy ])laces of trust and power in the State of his ado])tion. 
Me was a member of Congress when the project of the h'.rie Can- 
al was first sug-gcsted, and was one who, with De Witt Clinton, 
originated that important national worlv:. and is entitled to e(|ual 
hi nor with him for it^ projection. Me urgfed it. when in Con- 
gress, as a national work, in a speech of great strength, and asked 
for the aid of the nation. As a member of the House of Rei:)re- 
sentatives, he was associated with llenrv Cla\- on a Commitree to 
consider the causes of complaint against (ireat I'ritain. and drew 
up the re])ort of that Committee, recommending- the declaration 
of the war of 1812. He thus earl\- ardently esjjouscd the cause 
of his country, and stof)d b\ the side of Tompkins and other 
l)atriots. in their efforts to prosecute that war to an honorable 

Me was then a civilian only: but, impatient and mortitied at 
the ill success of our arms ui:)on the northern frontier — his <)wn 
house pieced b\- the eneni\-'s shot, on the banks of the Niagara 
River — he threw off the civil and assumed the military attitude. 
He raised a regiment of ardent volunteer troops, and at their 
head, soon contributed to tiu-n the tide of success. His services 
at Fort Erie and the battles at the I'alls, have been re])eaterlly 
told b\- the writers of the country's history. I will not rei)eat 
them. So highly were they esteemed by the general Government 
and the State, that thatiks and meilals were ])rcscnted, and before 
the close of the war he was ofTered tlie chief command of the 
army. b\- the President. Lnder the administration of the younger 
.\dams he was ofTered, and accejited, the place of Sccretarv of 

Mv time confines me to the notice of the most Cf^nspicuous of 
our Sons, native and adoi)ted : but there were others, in every 
town, perhai)s of cf|ual merit but with fewer oonortunitics of 
display. The list of our members of .\sscmbly. and of men by 
whose efTorts the foundations of societv were laid here, and bv 

3^ i.ri\'iii'ii:i 1) (.'orNiN i'.i'.m,ii and i;.\u 

whom tlii> i."iiuiU\ has hem hroughl fruin a rc])uLsi\c rcyion of 
HKmntaiiis and roclss to its ])rcsent condition of fertility and wealth. 
wouUl show an aggrcj^atc of moral and intellectual worth which 
no rei^'ion. e(|nal in extent, has surpassed. 

.\nd by whom were all these eminent and excellent men reared 
and prepared for the stations which they have occu]Med in society? 
By fathers, whose own hantls ha\'e toiled — by mothers, who were 
the si)insters (tf the days in which they lived, and who knew and 
practised the duties of the kitchen as well as the parlor and to 
whom the music of the s])inning-wheel and the loom was more 
necessary than that of the ])iano and the harpsichord. 

The spirit of strict econom\ has marked our progress from the 
beginning-, and 1)\ no other could our fathers have left to us this 
heritage of gootl ! RenK)ved from the jn'ofusion, and from what 
is esteemed the higher liberality of city habits, our Comity has not 
fallen behind other kindred ccimmunities in encouragin;^ the benev- 
olent operations of these latter da\s. 

A Missionary Society, auxiliar\- to the lioard of Commissioners 
of Foreign Missions, was established in this County, in the year 
1813, and has been in active operation since. This noble charity, 
since its organization, has received and paid over, as near as I can 
ascertain, the sum of about $125,000. The benevolent offerings 
of other denominations — the Episcopalians, Methodists, and Bap- 
tists, to the purposes of their respective religious operations, 1 have 
no present means of knowing ; that they have been equally liberal 
in proportion to their means, with their Congregational l)rethren. 
I have no reason to doubt. 

In the \ear 1817, the Foreign Mission Sch(~)ol was estal)lished 
in Cornwall with the special object of spreading Christian truth 
and the means of civilization among the heathen.. The origin of this 
effort, if not accidental, was gradual in its conception and develop- 
ment. Two young natives of the Sandwich Islands were, by the 
directing, and almost visible hand of Providence, thrown among us 
and fell under the notice of Mr. l{lias Cornelius, in 1815. then a 
student in Yale College, and since distinguished as a Divine and 
Philanthropist. The names of these young heathen, as known 
among us, were 1 lenry ( )b<)okaih and William Tenoe,. These young 
men were carefully instructed by Mr. Cornelius, Samuel J. Mills, and 
P'dwin Dwight, with a chief object of ])reparing them to become 
Christian Missionaries among their countrymen. They were soon 
after i)laced under the care of Rev. Joel Harvey, then a Congrega- 
tional minister in Cioshen : at his suggestion, the North Consociation 
of Litchfield ("ounlw became their |)atrons. They were, not long 
after joined 1)\' Thomas llopoo, their countr\inan. and all were 
])laced under ])ro])er instruction for the great object designed. P>ut 
a mf)re liberal and enlarged ])roject was conceived: a Seminarx in 
a Christian land, for the instruction of the heathen joined with the 
purpose of preparing young men here for missionar\ service in 

tiiiKciis (. i;nti;nm.\]. adokkss 37 

heathen lands. It was a si)Icn(li(l llion^lit, ami the Aiiurican Hoard 
attcni])tc'(l its consiiminatinn. 

Rev. Timothy Dwij^ht. ilmi. Jdliii Tn-adwell, James Morris, 
Es(|., Rev. Drs. Heecher and C'hai)in, with Messrs. Harvey and 
I'rentice, were authorized to dc\ise' and put in operation sueh a 
Seminary, and the result was, the l'"orci}^n Mission School at Corn- 
wall. Youn^ natives of the Sandwich Islands, and from China, 
Australasia, and from the Indian nations on this Continent, as well 
as American youths, were instructed there. The school continue<l 
successfully until 1827. The estahlishment (»f the Sandwich Island 
Mission, was one of the important results of this school. 

Many years hefore the modern movement in a tem|jerance re- 
formation was sus4\yeste(l. sucl- a ])roject was conceived in this town 
and encom-at^i'd h\- the most i)rominent men here. A Temperance 
I'ledg^e was signed in May, 1789. re])udiatin,i4' the use of distilled 
liquors, hy 36 i^entlemen ; and amonj;- the names annexed to it. were 
those of Julius Deming-, IJenjamin Tallmadge. I'riah Tracy. h*])h- 
raim Kirhy, Moses Seymour, Daniel Sheldon. Tapping keeve. 
Frederick Wolcott, and John Welch — names well known and well 
rememhered here. I helieve the first temperance association of 
modern date, in the County, was formed among the iron operatives 
at Mount Riga, in Salishury. The results of this grand cfifort 
have heen as successful here as elsewhere. If any s])ecial cause has 
operated to retard the final success of this charity, it has heen the 
strangling, death-ensuing embrace of party politicians — the scathing 
curse of many a good thing. As long ago as 1816, there were dis- 
tilleries in every town in the County; and in Xew ^^lilford, as many 
as 26, and in the whole County. iTx;! and, besides these, there were 
188 retailers of spirits, who paid licenses under the excise laws of 
the Lhiited States, to the amount of $3,760. Whether there be a 
distiller}- in the County now, I am not informed : I helieve but very 

I have not attempted to trace the modifications of society here 
— its progressive changes in modes of opinion and consequent action. 
It would lead me too far from my object, which has been only to 
speak of events, and the men who have been engaged in them. 

Before the RevoluticMi there was little to excite. There was a 
common routine of thinking, which had been followed for years — 
somewhat disturbed, to be sure,' by what were called "/;rt«.' lii:;hts" 
in religion. Rut the results of our emancipation from the mother 
country tiUMied everytliing into a different channel, opinions and 
all. A new impulse broke in upon the general stagnation of mind 
which had been, and made every body speculators in morals, religion. 
]Kilitics. and everv thing else. M\' own memory runs l)ack to a 
dividing point of time, when I could see something of the old ^corhi 
and iic7i'. Tnfidel opinions came in like a flood. Mr. Paine's "Age 
of Reason," the works of \'oltaire, and other Deistical books, were 
broad cast, and young men suddenly became, as they thought, wiser 


than tlicir fathers ; aiul oven men in Iiigh phiccs, among us here, 
were suspected of intidel opinions. At tlie same time came the 
ardent preachers of Mr. Wesley's divinity, who were enga^^ed in 
doing hattle with Infidehty on the one hand, and Calvinistic theology 
on the other. Here were antagonistic forces and influences, which 
introduced essential changes, and both have been operating ever 
since. And it would afford an interesting subject of investigation, 
to trace these influences to their results. The Methodist preachers 
first visited this County about the year 1787, and organized their 
first classes in Salisbury and Canaan. This was their first appear- 
ance in the State, and, I believe, in New England. In this County 
they were received with courtesy, and found many to encourage 
them among those who did not well understand the old divinity. 

I migiit detain you in speaking of the prevalence and effects of 
party spirit here ; but as this, as well as denominational controversy, 
is unpleasant to me, I forbear. There was a time, about the year 
1800, when the spirit was rife here, and led to prosecutions, fines 
and imprisonment, and a disturbance of social relations, which has 
never since re-appeared to the same extent. 

1 need not say any thing of the present condition of the County. 
This you see and know. Its Railroads, penetrating regions not long 
since supposed to be impenetrable ; villiages rising up in the deep 
valleys, whose foundations have been hidden for nearly a century ; 
and fertility and thrift, where a few years ago were uncultivated 
forests and wasting w^ater-falls. 

Of what shall we complain? Is it that we do not, all of us, 
make haste to be rich ? Ah ! is it so, my brethren ? Is there noth- 
ing but wealth which can satisfy a rational mind and an immortal 
spirit ? 

Of the future we may indulge proud hopes, while we doubt and 
fear. Progress is the word of modern theorists, but of doubtful 
import. Innovation is not always progress towards useful results. 
Of this we, who are old, believe we have seen too much, within a 
few years, and fear much more to come. Our County is but a 
small part of a State and Nation, and so our fate stands not alone. 
We can but look to our political institutions as our ultimate pro- 
tectors, and I urge upon you all, my brethren, their unwavering 
support. Our Constitution requires no innovating process to im- 
prove it. It demands of us more than a mere political respect and 
preference — ahnost a religious reverence. Love for it, in all its 
parts, in every word and sentence which compose it, should be 
interwoven into all our notions of thinking, speaking and acting. 
Disturb but one stone in this great arch — but one compromise in 
this holv covenant — and the whole must tumble into ruin ! 

I^atly iCiQljta 










I' ATKIDC.I'; Til ATI' 1 IKK. 

I'atrid^c Tliatclicr was the first man who jjracticcd the lc}^al \)ru- 
fession in New Milford. He was not educated to the profession, but 
took up the trade, because there were none of the craft hereabout, 
when this cnunts was organized, whicli was after he came to midflle 
aj4e. I Ic was a native, I liave been told, of Lebanon in this state, and 
came to Xew Milford, I know not how long ago. lie was, how- 
ever, a married man at the time. He had no children ; but a large 
number of negroes, whom he treated with kindness enough to put 
to shame the reproaches of all the abolitionists in Xew England. 
He was a man of strong mind, of rigid morality, and religious to the 
letter according to the strictest sect of orthodox episcopacy. He 
adored Charles I. as a martyr and he hated < )liver Cromwell worse 
than he did the evil one. Loyalty, unconditional loyalty, was the 
prime element of his political creed. ( )f course, his name was not 
found in any list of the wicked Whigs of the Revolution, and had he 
lived in these days, he would most thoroughly have eschewed democ- 
racy and abolitionism. On the breaking out of the Revolutionary 
war, his loyalty necessarily silenced his voice in court, and he died 
soon after its conclusion. Lawyer Thatcher, as he was always 
called, was undoubtedly, a very odd. a very honest and a very good 
man. I wish there were many such men now^ both on account of 
the good example they would set, and the harmless amuseiuent they 
would afford. 


Daniel Everitt was a native of Bethlem and settled in Xew Mil- 
ford as a lawyer, some time during the early ])art of the Revolu- 
tionary war, probably as early as '76 or 'jy, possibly earlier, as from 
a record I have access to I see he was married to a daughter of the 
Rev. Nathaniel Taylor on the first of January. 1778. and I remember 
that he lived here some time before that event. He had not a colle- 
giate education, but was a man of good education and received an 
honorary degree. He read law with Judge Adams of Litchfield, and 
I remember to have heard him say, that he occasionaly officiated in 
Mr. Adams' place as state's attorney, when he, (Adams') was. absent 
in Congress, which he often was, during the war of the Revolution. 
Mr. Everitt was a man of nuich wit, boundless extravagance of ex- 
pression, quick conception, and in command of language and fluency 
of utterance, unsurpassed, but not a man of much depth of mind ni>r 
had he much legal learning: his library extended little beyond 
Rlackstone and Jacobs' Law Dictionary. He had. I believe, a very 
good run of i^ractice. when the Court really opened to do civil busi- 
ness, after the conclusion of the war. His success in this respect 
was. however, of rather short duration : a number of younger law- 


vers having about that time coniiiienced practice here, and other cir- 
cumstances conspired to carry business away from him. and he never 
recovered it. While studyin^: law 1 heard him argue a case or two, 
keeping- the Court house in a roar by his wit and sarcasm, l)ut by the 
time I was admitted, viz. in '95, he had about given up attending 
Courts at Litchfield, though he was not fifty years of age — and indeed 
he was, I think, but fifty-seven when he died in 1805. I met him, 
however, a few times, before Arbitrators and Justices, and had 
enough to do to parry his home thrusts of good natured wit. I'efore 
him 1 often went, as he tried almost all the Justice cases, which he 
always did with entire integrity and usuall\' came to a correct con- 
clusion. He represented this town. 1 think three times in the general 
assembly, and as a member of the convention which ratified the Con- 
stitution of the United States. He was a man of strict honesty, en- 
tire moral rectitude of conduct, and a ]irofessor of religion. He was, 
however, much given to sociality, and to that conviviality which some 
time borders on a kindred indulgence. Mr. Everitt succeeded the 
late Col. Samuel Canfield as Judge of Probate in this district in 
1790. and held that office till his death at the time above mentioned. 


I saw nuich of Judge Reeve's practice at the bar for nearly 
five years, during which time he was engaged in almost every case of 
importance tried in the Superior Court at Litchfield, and never failed 
to argue every one in which he was engaged, if argued at all. In the 
County Court, after I became acquainted with him, he did not prac- 
tice. His school had become numerous, ami he gave up his practice 
in that Court because ( I suppose, ) it too nuich interrupted his course 
of daily lectures, and knowing as he did that he should have a part 
in every cause expected to be tried in the Superior Court. And, by 
the way, trials were then managed and got through with in a reason- 
able time, and not sufifered to be dragged out to the abominable and 
shameful length which they now are, to the disgrace of the Pro- 
fession for indulging in it, and of the Courts for permitting it. 

I joined Judge Reeve's school in the fall of 1793. antl he was not 
placed on the bench till the spring of 1796. so that I saw him at the 
Bar during nine sessions of the Superior Court, and never failed to 
listen to him. if 1 could avoid it. with un([ualified love and admiration 
through every speech he made, to its conclusion. I say zcitli love, for 
no instructor was ever more generally beloved by his pupils, and in- 
deed entirely so except it was by those whose love would have been 
a reproach to the object of it. As a reasoner, he had no superior 
within the compass of my observation of forensic performances. I 
mean true, forcible and honest reasoning. In so])histry. he was too 

I'.OAKD.MAN S ski; r(.' I IKS 43 

honest to iiululj^v, and too disccrninL; to snltt-r it to cscapt.- ik-tc-ction 
in the arj^nnR'nt of an adversary. 

As a speaker he was usually exceedingly ardent, and the ar<l«»r 
he displayed appeared to be prompted by a conviction of the justice 
of the cause he was advocating. Mis ideas seemed often, and indeed, 
usually, to How in u])on him faster than he could give utterance to 
them, and sometimes seemed to force him to leave a sentence unhni.>-h- 
ed, to begin another, — and in his huddle of ideas, if 1 may so express 
it, he was careless of grammatical accuracy, and though a thorcjugh 
scholar, often made bad grammar in public speaking. Careless as 
he was of his diction and thoughtless as he was of ornament in ordi- 
nary cases, yet some elegant expressions and fine sentences would 
seem, as if by accident, to escape him in almost every speech. Pnit in 
such cases as afforded the proper field for the display of eloquence, 
such as actions of slander, malicious prosecutions, etc., and in that 
part of such cases as usuall\' ])r()mpt to exertions of tiie kind, his hur- 
ried enunciation and grammatical inaccuracies, all forsook him, and 
then he never failed to electrify and astonish his audience. Man\' of 
these used to be recited to me by those who had often heard him and 
it fell to my lot to witness one such occasion. In an action for mali- 
cious prosecution, in closing the argument, on entering upon the sub- 
ject of damages, he burst forth into such a strain of dignified and 
soul-thrilling eloquence, as neither before nor since, has ever met my 
ear. The first sentence he uttered thrilled through every nerve of my 
entire frame to the very ends of my fingers, and every succeeding 
sentence seemed to increase in overwhelming effect. I was perfectly 
entranced during its delivery, and for an hour afterwards I trembled 
so that I could not speak plain. His manner was as much changed 
as his language, and to me he looked a foot taller than before. The 
next day 1 went to him and asked him to commit to writing tlie con- 
cluding part of his speech, to which request he said in the simplicity 
of his nature, "Why, if I should do that, perhaps 1 should make it 
better than it really was, and that would not be fair." We told him 
(Mr. Bacon was with me,) there was no danger of that, for we knew 
it could not be bettered. Well, he said he would try, but he did not 
know whether he could recall it to memory, for there was not a word 
of it written before hand. A day or two after he saw me in Court, 
behind his seat, and beckoned me to him and said he had tried to 
comply with mv request, but it was so gone from him that he could 
make nothing of it. 

I believe I have said enough in regard to Judge Reeve as an 
advocate, and that is the extent of your enquiry. As a Judge, you 
are acquainted with his reputation, historically, though you probably 
never saw him on the bench, as he left it nearly thirty-nine years ago, 
to wit, in May, i8i6, to the regret of all admirers of legal learning 
and lovers of impartial justice. 

As T loved and admired Judge Reeve while living, antl mourned 
him when dead, I love to think and talk of him now that I have at- 


tallied to a greater age tluiii he (iid. though he reached some eighty- 
four years, and 1 feel tempted to obtrude upon you some such leading 
incidents of his life as I am in memory possessed of, and which can- 
not be much longer retained. 

Judge Reeve was the son of a l'resb\terian clergyman and was 
born on the south side of Long Island. He was educated at JVince- 
ton College, where he graduated in 17^^)3 at seventeen years of age 
as I have heard him say. He was immediately appointed tutor of 
the grammar school connected with the college, and in that station 
and as a tutor in the college itself, he remained seven years. He 
then came to Connecticut to study law, which he jirosecuted in the 
office of Judge Root, then a practicing lawyer in Hartford, and as 
soon as he was admitted to the bar he settled in the practice at Litch- 
field. This I suppose to have been in 1772. He had previously 
married Sally Burr, the eldest child and only daughter of President 
Hurr of Princeton College, and the sister of the celebrated Aaron 
Burr, who was a pupil of Judge Reeve in the grammar school. The 
Revolutionary war liaving commenced within a short time after he 
came to the bar, there was but little civil business done in the Courts 
until its conclusion, or nearly so. He therefore early betook himself 
to giving instruction to young gentlemen who looked forward to the 
legal profession for support and advancement in life, when the cir- 
cumstances of the country would allow of its exercise. This employ- 
ment tended greatly to systematize and improve what stock of legal 
science he already had acquired, and aided by his uncommonly tine 
talents and native eloquence early secured to him, the deserved rep- 
utation of an able lawyer. About the close, I believe, of the Revolu- 
tionary war, either through an acquaintance with the late Judge 
Sedgwick or otherwise he was introduced to some practice in Berk- 
shire County, and in the celebrated cri)n. con. case of Winchell z's. 
Goodrich, gave such a display of his oratorical powers as astonished 
the natives, and that, together with the conspicuous part he took with 
Judge Sedgwick in the great case of Cieneral Ashley's negroes, which 
put an end forever to slavery in Massachusetts, he established a rej)- 
utation which ensured him business there as long as his avocations at 
home allowed him to attend to it. This however, I believe, was not 
very long. The delicate health of his wife, and his great professional 
business at home induced him to forego any business which called 
him abroad, and to utterly decline any sort of public ai)])ointment 
whatsoever, during her life. She died to the dee]) grief of as devoted 
a husband as ever lived, a few months before it became necessary to 
fill two vacancies in the Superior Court, occasioned by the death of 
Chief Justice Adams and the final extinction of mental capacity in 
Judge Huntington — and to one of those vacancies Judge Reeve was 

I must draw this long letter to a close. It is enough to say, 
that no act of Judge Reeve's life ever, in the least degree, lessened 
the admiration and respect entertained for his capacity, integrity and 


learn in jj^, or even diniinishcd llie esteem and affection cherished for 
the six)tless purity of his moral deportment throuj^h a lon^ life, nor 
the reverence extorted from all for the dec]) relij^ious impression 
which adorned his old aj^c and perfected his character. He was, I 
presume, in youth extremely handsome. 


John /Mien was horn in Great liarrington, Mass., sometime, I 
believe, in 1762, of respectable parents, thoug'h not distinj^^uished in 
society, as 1 remember to have heard him say that he was the son of 
a joiner. There were but two children in the family, a son and a 
daui^hter. ])oth nutch distin^-uished in life for many j^^ood qualities, 
and es])ecially for dignity of manner and deportment, but the 7\.'i)iuini!^ 
and amiable accomplishments all fell to the lot of the female, gaininjj; 
her many admirers and among others, an husband worthy of her, in 
that excellent man. Elizur Goodrich of New Haven. Their father 
died during the minority of both children. Mr. Allen, having an 
excellent common school education, though not a classic education, 
became a teacher, and being impelled by a spirit of adventure, some- 
what romantic as he was thought in those days, went suddenly, and 
without the knowledge of his friends, and while yet a minor, to Ger- 
mantown near Philadelphia, where he obtained a place as instructor 
of the young classes of an academic establishment of some note at 
the time. How long he remained in the above mentioned establish- 
ment 1 do not know, but soon after leaving the ])lace. and I believe 
almost immediately, he came to Xew Mil ford, and taught a school for 
some six months, and from here went immediately into Mr. Reeve's 
law school, and after the accustomed period of study was admitted 
to the bar, and immediately settled in practice in Litchfield, where 
he spent his life. He confined himself almost entirely to the practice 
of Litchfield County, though occasionally when called, in consequence 
of the eminence to which he soon attained in the profession, he prac- 
ticed in other counties, in some cases of imi)ortance. and esjiecially in 
the Federal Circuit Court, in which, for a few years after the forma- 
tion of the present Constitution of the L'nited States, some consider- 
able business was done. Mr. Allen, however never went abroad in 
quest of business, thinking that the very great share of .Attorney busi- 
ness which he acquired in being always found in his ottice. equal. 
at least in point of profit, to what counsellor business he might obtain 
bv attending Courts in other counties. ccMisidering that all the coun- 
sellor business flowing from the attorney business which he did. he 
was sure to be engaged in. From the time I entered the law school 
in the fall of 1793. I occupied a room in his office, and had free ac- 
cess to his ample library and boarded at the same house with him. 
During all that time, and all the reiuaining years of his i)rosperous 

46 I.I ii,iii-ii:i.i) (.'(tiNTN i:i:ncii and har 

practice, which iiulccd lasted till the apparent conmienceinent of his 
rapid decline, soon followed by tieath, he was engaged in almost every 
case of any importance in the Superior and County Court. He was 
certainly, a very successful and powerful advocate, ecjually with the 
Jury as with the Court, a thoroughly read lawyer, ec^ual in ])oint of 
legal science to any one at our har during the fore part of the time I 
am speaking of. except Tapping Reeve, who had no rival, and in the 
latter part of the period, James Gould, of whom I need say nothing 
as you knew him in his meridian light. Mr. Allen always made dili- 
gent and faithful preparation of all cases committed to his care, and 
made himself fully acquainted with every point of law and every ac- 
cessible point of evidence which could arise in the case, and was 
therefore usually successful when the case deserved success. 

If I knew that you ever saw Mr. Allen. I would omit any attempt 
to describe his personal appearance, for I am sure any one who ever 
saw his colossal form and imposing visage, would never need to have 
him described in order to recall his appearance. He was six feet four 
or five inches high, very erect and with an attitude and walk well 
calculated to set off his full stature, and though quite lean, weighed 
full 230 pounds. His countenance was strongly marked and truly 
formidable, his eyes and eye brows dark, his hair dark, wiiat little he 
had for he was quite bald, far back, even before middle age, and in- 
deed his whole appearance was calculated to inspire dread, rather 
than affection. His manner and conversation were, however, such 
as to inspire confidence and respect, though little calculated to invite 
familiarity, except with his intimates, of whom he had a few. and 
those, knowing the generous and hearty friendship of which he was 
capable, were usually, much attached to him and ready to overlook 
all his harsh sallies, imputing them to the "rough humor which his 
mother gave him." His feelings w^ere not refined, but ardent, gener- 
ous and hearty. His friendships were strong and his aversions equal- 
ly so — and as I used to say of him. speaking to others, "his feelings 
were all of the great sort." He neither enjoyed nor suffered any 
thing from many of those little incidents which so often affect, either 
pleasingly or painfully, minds of a more refined texture. As he had 
no taste for such things, nor, as it would seem, any faculty of per- 
ceiving, so he knew no language ai)proi)riate to their description, but 
in respect to those things and princi])les which he thought worthy of 
his regard, he lacked no ])ower of language to make himself fully 
and forcibly understood. For neutral ground, either in morals or 
politics, he had no taste, and but little less than absolute abhorrence. 
As a specimen of his feelings and language, better than 1 can des- 
cribe. 1 will give you the laconic answer to an en(|uiry nf him, why 
he took the Aurora the leading democratic pai)er in the coinil\, then 
under the guidance of that arch democrat. Duane; he replied it was 
because he 2vaiitcd to kiura' "a'haf they -a'cre about in the iufcniol 
rci:;io)is. And after giving this siK'cimen I need make no futher at- 
tem|)t to give you an idea of his humor, manners and language. 


After Mr. Allen was married, wiiich was nut till he wa> lu\var<ls 
forty years old, and went to house keejjinj^", I hoarded at his hcnise at 
his express solicitation for many years while attendinj^ (."ourt ; thouj^h 
he took nt) other one, nor ever named to me any price, nor would he 
count the money 1 handed to him when leavinjj^ for home, seeming- to 
receive it only hecause 1 refused to stay on any (jther terms. I there- 
fore saw much of him in his family, where his conduct was always 
dignified, proper and kind, lie was proud, very proud, and justly 
so, of his wife, who was a woman of much personal beauty, ixjlished 
manners, and great and even singular discretion, and for whom he 
entertained, I believe, an ardent affection. 

Ik'fore his marriage and at the age of thirty-hve Mr. .Mien was 
elected a member of the fifth Congress, where he distinguished him- 
self at a time when Connecticut was never more ably rei)resented in 
the House of Representatives, and would undoubtedly have been cIkj- 
sen for as long a period as he would have desired to be a member of 
that body, but he declined a further election. He was elected an 
Assistant in 1800, and w^as re-elected for the five succeeding years, 
and as such was one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of Errors. 
For several years, previous to his election to Congress, he had repre- 
sented the town of Litchfield in the C.eneral Assembly. His wife was 
a grand daughter of the first Governor Griswold. His only son, the 
Hon. John Wm. Allen of Cleveland, Ohio, has been a member of 
Congress from that State and is now a very distinguished man there. 
His only surviving daughter resides also in Cleveland, and is the 
wife of her brother's immediate successor in Congress. Mrs. .\llen, 
after a rather brief widowhood, accepted the hand of a Mr. Perkins 
of Oxford in the State of Xew ^'ork. a man of resi)ectal)ilit\ and 


The request, which is the subject of yours of the 4th inst.. is too 
alluring in its nature to be long unattended to. So nearly am I alone 
in the world that an invitation to hold converse about those of my 
age and standing in life, and w'ho have now slumbered in the grave 
for more than forty years, and especially those who were so much 
beloved and esteemed as were those of whom you solicit my at- 
tention, is (|uite irresistible. 

In speaking of Mr. Slosson. I must first observe that I had form- 
ed a tolerably correct notion of him before I ever saw him. When I 
was a boy his father w^as often at my father's hcnise. intimately ac- 
quainted there, and I believe, scarcely ever passed that way without 
calling and holding a pretty long chat, for he was never in a hurry, 
and his peculiar turn of mind, abundance of common sense, and great 
fund of wit. joined to his singularly slow, emphatic and sententious 

48 i.nxiiiMKi.n county bench and bar 

mode of talking, was such as to secure the attention of any one. and 
especially a boy. He used, occasionally to speak of his children, and 
especially of his oldest son Barzillai, of whom he was manifestly very 
prcnid. representing him to be always at the head of the school when 
small, and afterwards used to s])eak with high gratification of his in- 
ilustrv and tact at accpiiring the higher branches of knowledge with- 
out the aid of an instructor, and more particularly the knowledge of 
the dead languages, of which he knew nothing himself. And this 
account given by the old gentleman, from intimate intercourse and 
frequent conversation with his son. when I afterwards became ac- 
quainted with him. I found was by no means exaggerated. And to 
his excellent and accurate common school education, he owed much, 
very much of his character for exact accuracy and correctness in all 
that he said and did through life. He was about the best reader I 
ever heard, wrote a fair, handsome and legil)le hand, and in the un- 
failing correctness of his orthography and use of terms, no lexico- 
grapher excelled him. and in everything pertaining to mere English, 
home and common school education, no one appeared to be more 
thoroughly proficient. And in Greek and Latin I never saw his su- 
perior, except old President Stiles, nor with that exception perhaps, 
his e<|ual. unless it was old l^arson Farrand of Canaan, and in the 
other branches of collegiate education he was, to say the least, above 
mediocraty. As he entered college not until the senior year, and. I 
believe, did not even attend during the whole of that year, he 
could not. of course, expect to shine and did not shine in the college 
honors depending u])on the faculty, but he availed himself of the right 
to become a candidate for the honors of Dean Scholar, and obtained 
the first premium for excellence in Greek and Latin, in a class of 
unusually high reputation. This, I suppose, he did merely, out of 
a laudable pride, for he did not avail himself of the pecuniary re- 
ward which would have required him to reside in Xew Haven ; for 
he went, immediately after his graduation with one of his class- 
mates ( Mr. afterwards the Rev. Dr. Smith.) to reside in Sharon, 
as one of the instructors in the Sharon Academy, then in full and 
successful operation. He soon after became a student at law. under 
Gov. Smith's instruction, and the first County Court which sat after 
his two year's clerkship had expired, being in Fairfield County, 
he went, there for examination and admission to the Bar. This 
was I believe at the November Term. 1793. It was not until he 
began to attend Court at Litchfield, and while T was in the law school 
there, that I first became iK'rsonally ac(|uainted with Mr. Slosson 
though I had barely seen him once or twice before, .\fter my admis- 
sion to the, being located in adjoining towns, we often met each 
other l)efore Justices, and consequently before the upi)er courts. 
From our frequent meetings and intercourse at Litchfield and else- 
where. I became greatly attached to him. and finally, for a number of 
years he and I. with Southmayd for our constant comi)anion. always 
occupied the same room at Catlin's Hotel during every court until his 

3". -" 
:2 V. 






^ ^^ ^ rM 

I'.OAKDMAN S SKi;'lllli;S 41^ 

(Iratli and tluTc was the last tinu' I fwr saw liini in life. S'ton altc-r 
(Ik- C'lmrt adjourned, licarinn of his rapid dfclinc, 1 set out to visit 
him, and on tlie way, heard that he had died the niglit before. I how- 
ever went on and stayed with the family until 1 assi.sted in l)uryinf^ 
him. This was in January. 1813. and in that grave I felt that I had 
buried a sincere, and I am sure, a nuich loved friend : on whose char- 
acter and conduct in life 1 could reflect whh melancholy satisfaction, 
unmarrcd by a single reproachful recollection or one which I could 
wish to have forgotten. 

Mr. Slosst)n liad been out of health for a very considerable tinie. 
and fears were apprehended on his account, in wdiich he full\ and 
rationallv participated. So gradual, however, was the operation of 
his disorder, that he continued his attention to business until some 
three or four weeks before his death. He attended court at Litch- 
field, the first and I thitik the second week of the December term, 
the month before his decease. 

Air. Slopson's great fondness for ancient literature, rendered him 
scarcelv just in his comparative estimate of that with modern im- 
provements. As a lawyer he w^as highly respectable in theory and 
remarkabl\- accurate in practice ; as a pleader. 1 do not remember 
that he ever had occasion to ask for an amendment, or to alter a title 
of what he had written. As an advocate he was clear, deliberate, 
methodical and logical in his deductions. He spoke in much of the 
peculiarly emphatic manner of his father, above mentioned, though 
not with his unusual slowness. He was always cool and self-pos- 
sessed, rarely warming into any high degree of animation, or aiming 
at effect to appear eloquent, but he never failed to secure a respect- 
ful and satisfied attention. Though not one of the most leading 
advocates of which there are always some three or four at an\- IJar, 
he might, at least be estimated an ecjual to any of the second class 
of the Litchfield liar which was then, certainly, a highly resi)ectable 

Though not an aspirant after public preferment, and from his 
habituallv modest and retiring habits, not calculated to push his wax- 
where opportunities ofifered. he was yet, at the time of his decease, in 
a fair wav of promotion. He was early and often elected to the 
legislature from his native town, and indeed their usual rej^resenta- 
tive until the October session, 1812, when he was elected Clerk, 
which in those clays was a sure stei)ping stone to further advance- 
ment, and having myself been a witness of the manner in which he 
performed the duties of that otlice, for which no man wa< 1)etter 
qualified, T am sure he established a reputation, which, had I'rovi- 
dence permitted, promised a solid and lasting existence. 

Mr. Slosson's political opinions were of the genuine W'ashingto- 
nian, political school. None of your heady, rash, and merely parti- 
san notions found favor with him. He was a constant and honest 
adherent to the jxilitical views then prevalent in this State. He 
left a widow and two sons — the oldest Tolm William, lias been and I 

50 l.n\lll"li:i.I) tOlNTY HKNCll AM) MAR 

bclicAc now is a merchant in Kent. The second son, Nathaniel, a 
very i)roniising boy. was. I beheve soon after liis father's death, taken 
under the care of liis uncle, W'ilHani Slosson. a (hstinji;uislied lawyer 
of New York, and was by him educated at L'nion Collei^e and for 
the l)ar. and died soon after his admission. 

The foregoing sketch of the leading incidents in Mr. Slosson's 
life, may be a suHicient indication from which to deduct his true 
character, but I nuist indulge myself in adding, that I never knew 
or heard of a single act of his life, either in youth or mature years, 
that left even a shade upon his reputation. Cool and deliberate in 
his temperament, never hurried away by enthusiasm, for enthusiasm 
never manifested itself in his nature, except in his passion for ancient 
literature, he was sure to think and act with propriety. He was 
nevertheless warm and faithful in his attachments, but not so far as 
to warp his conscientious regard for integrity. He was perfectly 
just and generous in his intercourse with the world, honest in his 
predilections and uncompromising in his love of virtue and detesta- 
tion of vice. In morality his principles were without a taint and his 
practice through life in conscientious conformity with them. In re- 
ligion he was a firm and steadfast believer in the great doctrines of 
the gos])el, though not a public professor. His princij^les w^ere those 
of true rational Galvanism, unswayed by vindictive zeal or hysteri- 
cal weakness. 

You observed in your letter that you never saw Mr. Slosson. He 
was a small man, not much, if any. under medium height, but of slen- 
der frame and countenance. Though not dark complexioned his 
countenance was rather dusky, his skin not clear, his features though 
far from handsome bespoke intelligence and were therefore not dis- 
agreeable. His general appearance was more like that of the late 
Leman Church than any other member of the Bar I can think of, 
though he was somewhat larger and more erect. 


In the life, conduct and character of Sanuiel \V. Southmayd there 
were some peculiarities, such as render it a matter of difficulty to des- 
cribe him in such a manner, as to make them intelligible to one who 
did not personally know him. 

I never saw, or heard of him until I became a member of the law 
school in the fall of the year 1793. of which he had then been a mem- 
ber about one year. I believe, and of which he continued a constant 
attendant during the eighteen months which I spent there. He was 
admitted to the l>ar the next term after 1 was, to wit: September 
Term, 1795, and passed as good an examination as I ever heard 
there, or elsewhere, he having been for the full period of three years 
under judge Reeve's tuition. He was a native of Watertown. where 


JK' sfttk'd in practice, and where Ik- >|)ciU Iiis lil'e. Like Mr. S1<)sm)ii, 
lie had an excellent coininon .school education. I'eyond that, his ac- 
ijuirenient.s did not extend far in an academic course — eiu)ugh, hf>vv- 
o\cr. I believe, to enable him to understand the homely law-latin used 
in our books. Few have entered upon the j)ractice of law. with a 
better store of legal learninj^ than .Mr. Southmayd, but the j^lace in 
which he settled was not calculated from its location and the liabits 
of the ])eople, by no means litiguous. to furnish much |)ractice, and 
he was too honest to promote litigation; and furthermore, he had no 
legal adversary tliere exce])t an old gentlemen who never had any 
more legal learning than was necessar}' for a Church Warden, and 
whose ignorance made him the victim of Southmaxd's merry witch- 
ery and innocent cunning, of both of which he had a superabundatice, 
though he never indulged in malicious, or even very serious mischief, 
and indeed in none except such as would do to relate for the purpose 
of making fun in merry compan\ . Anecdotes of that description 
used to be related in great numbers. .\s a pleader, Mr. Southmayd 
was always sure to have all in his drafts which was recjuisite and per- 
tinent to the object in view, and in all his declarations, affording 
room for coloring circumstances to be inserted, there was pretty sure 
to be found, slyly slipped in. some ingenious slang whang, or South- 
maydism, as we used to call it. He was not ambitious of arguing 
cases in Court, but when he did. he always displayed much ingenuity, 
and attracted respectful attention from the audience as well as from 
the triers. And before arbitrators, referees and committees a more 
formidable opponent could hardly be found. .\nd although his prac- 
tice was not large, and as was observed of Mr. Slosson he was not 
among the leading practitioners at the Litchfield Bar, he was certain- 
ly a very respectable lawyer, upon a par with the foremost of the sec- 
ond class, and much beloved and respected by all whose good 
opinions are desirable. 

As was observed in the outset, there were peculiarities in Mr. 
Southmayd's private character and deportment, which it is difficult 
to describe or reconcile. Though of a benevolent disposition and full 
of good nature and kind feelings, there was yet in him a vein of ad- 
venture after intellectual amusement, which, from its very nature, 
could not be gratified but at the expense of others, and often to such 
an extent as to render them ridiculous in the view of third persons 
to whom the results of the adventure was related. I have many 
times joined most heartily in the laugh at the relation of the result 
of many such seemingly innocent pieces of roguery, though I could 
not help condemning the mischief, while participating in its fruits. 
In all such indulgences. Southmayd never entertained the least ma- 
lice, for his heart was a stranger to it. but his intense love of fun. and 
enjoyment of the ridiculous often impelled him to go beyond the line 
of honest ])ropriety. I used often to reproach him with it. but my 
admonitions were not well calculated to take effect, when given at 
the close of a hearty laugh. 

52 i.ri\'in-ii:i.i) (.or \T\' r.i;N(,ii and \:.\h 

h'roin wlial 1 liavt.' been saying' of Mr. Sonthniavd you wiuild. I 
presume, be ready Id conclude that he was one of the most cheerly 
and hap))}- of men. lUit the case was (hrectly the reverse, and (hninj.::: 
a considerable period of his life, and that too, the most valuable part 
of it. he was a very imhapi)y man. indeed, and I have no doubt he had 
recourse to much of the indulgence of that ]K'culiar ])ropensity I have 
attempted to describe for the purpose of (lis])elling a mental malady 
which for a long time oppressed and preyed upon his heart. He was 
for many years the victim of the strongest species of hypochondria 
that ever mortal man was. It never showed itself in long fits of set- 
tled melancholy or monomania, but in sudden fits and starts. After 
hours <^f cheerful conversation, and while in entire health, he would 
suddenly complain of great distress, and exhibit unmistakable evi- 
dence of great terror and ap]irehensions of immediate dissolution. 
One very extraordinary instance I will relate. He and I had been 
alone many hours, conversing and reading together, and he, not in 
the least complaining, when he at once sprung from his seat, and with 
a scream as would have alarmed me, had it been any other person, 
and pressing both hands upon his breast he exclaimed that lie was 
going to die immediately. I stepped to him and gently and calmly 
said to him, "don't be alarmed, you are not going to die" — for we 
never treated him as if he thought his distress imaginary, — and i)ut 
my hand gently upon him to lead him to the bed, when he raised one 
hand from his breast and thrusting his finger against the side of his 
head, declared, with another outcry that something was passing 
through his head. I persuaded him to lie down, telling him the feel- 
ing would pass ofif in a few minutes, but he continued to groan for 
some time. I, knowing what would cure him. took up and began to 
read to him one of Ilurke's finest essays which lay by me. and turning 
to a passage of extraordinary elo<:[uence read it ; on which he sprung 
up on end in the bed. and exclaimed "was ever anything finer than 
that!" I continued on reading, and in the course of half an hour he 
was well and cheerful as ever. This was the most extraordinary in- 
stance I ever saw in him, but those in a degree like it were fre(pient. 
He always went to bed an hour or two before Slosson and I did, he 
saying that he never was able to get slee]) until he had gone through 
a great deal of such feelings as he never would attempt to describe. 

Mr. Southmaxd was greatly esteemed in his native town, by. T 
believe, almost every one, both old and young. He was early in life 
sent to the legislature, and that often, and was so. 1 know, the last 
year of his life. He died of lung fever in March. 1813, about two 
months after the death of his friend Slosson. At the December 
Term, 1812, the three who had so long occupied the same room in 
perfect hann<in\. were, for the last time there together. At the I'eb- 
ruary Term of the Su])reme Court. Southmayd and I occupied it, but 
felt that we were in solitude, and in the next term it seemed to me. 
most em])hatically. a solitude, and more like a family vault than like 
an abode for living men. and I believe 1 have never been into it since. 

i'.oakdman's sKK'rfni-:s 53 

Mr. Soutliiiiavd wa^ uii(liiul)tcill\ an llolK•^t aiul iKiiKjraljlc man, 
of unconmion i)U'asinL; mainu i> and niucli belovcil, and I never liear<l 
that lu' had an cneniv. Indi^d {he amenity oi his manner and the 
gentleness of his temi)er ahin'sl lorhadi- it. 

The family to which Mr. v^outhmayd helim^ed was of the Con- 
greiiational order, and two of Jiis sisters married Conj^rei^ational 
clergymen, lie, ho\\e\er, joined himself to the l%i)isco])al cluirch of 
which he was a memher after he stilled in lift', and of which. I be- 
lieve he was a comnuniicanl, hnl am not sure. lie died unmarried, 
and I believe in the 39th or 40111 year of his age. 


At vour request, I now inform you, that the lion. John Cotton 
Smith. 'only son of the Rev. Cotton Mather Smith of Sharon, was 
born there on the 12th day of February, lyC^S- It is said that for the 
first six vears of his life his instruction and training was almost 
wholly conducted by his excellent mother, and to her government 
and precepts he is said to have attributed much of his extraordinary 
success in life. His common school education, as exhibited in after 
life, must have been of the most exactly accurate kind. His class- 
ical instruction preparator\- to entering college, was commenced at 
home, and completed under the tuition of the Rev. Mr. Brinsmade 
of Washington. He entered Yale College in September. 1779, when 
between fourteen and fifteen years of age. and though young, main- 
tained a high standing in his class, as ai)i)eared by the share he had m 
the exercises of the commencement at his graduation, the ai)i)ointees 
being less than one-fourth of the entire class. Immediately after his 
graduation in September, 1783. he entered as a law student in the 
office of the Hon. John Canfield in his native town, and there con- 
tinued until he could be bv law admitted to the, which was in the 
March Term. 1786, a month after coming to tw^enty-one years of 
age : and Mr. Canfield. his legal preceptor, having died a few luonths 
after his admission to the Bar, a large portion of business for a long 
time habitually flowing for management to Mr. Canfield's oHice. he 
having for manv years been one of the ablest lawyers of the County, 
Mr. Smith's commencement in business was thereby attended by for- 
tunate circumstances, and he improved them with bcconnng industry, 
and from the verv first found himself in a lucrative i)ractioe. which 
continued to increase until called into absorbing public business. 
He was first elected to the legislature in 1793 and fre([uently after- 
wards : indeed, from 1796 to October. 1800 he was constantly a mem- 
ber, and during the two sessions of 1800 was speaker of the house, 
and while occupying that station in the October session he was m- 
formed bv the Goveror that he was elected a member of Congress 
to fill a vacancy which had occurred f(^r the then aiM'roaching last 

54 i.nxii i-ii;i.i) (.oiNTN i:i:ncii .wd wwi 

sessiciii of the Sixth C'Diii^rcss. ami also for the full term of the 
Seventh C'on^ress ; soon after whieh information, he resigned the 
ehair in the house, and returned home to prepare for assuming" his 
newly assigned duties. It so happened that the extra session to 
Avhich he had heen ehosen was that, which, h\- law. was to be holden 
at the new City of Washington, whither he repaired and served 
through that term, and tiie Seventh Congress ; was re-elected to the 
lughth and again tt) the Ninth Congress, at the exi)iration of the 
Ninth Congress lie declined any further elections to that honoral)lc 
l)ody. During his congressional career he did not participate much 
in debate, but his fine talent at presiding was early discovered, and 
caused him frequently to be called to the chair when the House was 
in committee of the whole, and he thus presided during some of the 
most memorable debates which distinguished those days. He was 
during all but the first session, a member of the committee of claims 
while in Congress, and during the Eighth and Ninth Congress at 
the head of that committee, though in the minority. In May, 1809, 
Mr. Smith was appointed a Judge of the Superior Court, which he 
resigned in May. 181 1, on being elected Lieutenant-Governor; in 
May, 1S13 he was elected Governor, and re-elected to that office until 
1818, when, a political revolution having taken place, he retired 
finall}' from public life. His administration of the gubernatorial 
office embraced the greater part of the war of 18 12 and 181 5, and 
his duties in all respects were performed with dignity, propriety 
and grace. 

After his retirement to private life much of his time was devoted 
to religious studies, and his eminent Christian and literary accom- 
plishments being extensively known and ap])reciated he was selected 
as the first president of the Connecticut IWble Society on its estab- 
lishment. In 1826 he was chosen president of the American Board 
of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, and in 1831 i)resident of the 
American Bible Society. In 181 5 he received the degree of LL. D. 
As old age pressed upon him his hearing became impaired, and he 
never would suiTer himself to hold i^ublic stations when he could not 
perform all their duties with becoming grace, he resigned all his 
posts of honor, and on the 7th day of December he died in the 8ist 
year of his age. 

In an eulogy delivered before the Connecticut liistt)rical Society 
b\ the Rev. W. H. Andrews, then of Kent, soon after the decease of 
Mr. Smith, giving a concise but elo(|uent historical sketch of his life 
and character, stating that he was admitted to the l'>ar in Litchfield 
Countv, and observing that at the time there was no bar in the state 
which presented a more splendid array of legal forensic talents than 
this, ])roceeds to state the standing which he at maturity acquired, in 
the following words quoted, as he sax's. from the communication of a 
well informed com])etent judge, long ac<|uainle(l wiili Mr. Smith at 
the bar: — "He was esteemed, and justly so. an acciu-ate pleader, and 
a well read and learned lawyer, and though some of those alluded to 

i;(i AK'HM AN s ^Ki. riiii;> 55 

cxcce(k'(l him in I'mw ami |Mi|)ularity a^ an advocaU-, iidik- of tliem 
surpassed, and in my jud,nnK'iU. none of them equalled him in i^racc 
of manner and elegance of diction and utterance.'" 

l^arly in life Gov. Smith n)arried Miss .Marj:(aret Everson of 
Amenia, X. ^ .. a vonnj^' lad}- of man\ accomplislnnents, who lived 
to old age. The issue of this marriage was onl\ one chiM, William 
M. Smith, lvs(|., of Sharon, a gentleman much esteemed for his 
man\- virtues and eminent piety. A grandson bearing his name is 
now the ^Minister resident of the I 'nited States to the coiu't of 
r>olivia. South America. 


(from IfoUisfcr's History of Connecticut.) 

"I received a line from my friend. General Sedgwick, stating 
that is was your desire that he would ask of me, in your behalf, to 
furnish you with some facts in relation to the late Nathaniel Smith, 
and my views of his character, which might be of use to you in the 
])reparation of the work }ou have in hand. 

"I am of course aware that this a])])lication is owing to the ac- 
cidental circumstance that I am the oldest, if not the onl\ member of 
the profession now living, who had much personal acquaintance with 
that truly able and excellent man, or saw much of him in the exercise 
of his forensic or judicial talents, judge Smith was indeed one of 
nature's nobles, and considering tlie limited range of his early educa- 
tion, he had few equals and perhaps no superior in the ])rofcssion 
which he chose, and which he eminently adorned, ^'ou are doubtless 
aware that Judge Smith had only such an education in childhood and 
youth, as the common schools of the country afforded at the time.^ It 
was such, however, as a boy of unusual capacity and industrious 
habits would acquire from such a source, and such as, under the 
guidance of uncommon discretion through life, rarely permitted its 
defects to be disclosed. 

•A\'hen T first went to the Law School in Litchfield, which was 
in die fall of 1793. Mr. Smith though not over thirty years old. was 
in full practice, and engaged in almost every cause of any imi)ortance. 
Indeed, he was said to have established a higb rcpntati(^n for talents 
in the first cause he argued in the higher courts. It was upon a trial 
f(^r manslaughter, which arose in his native town, and in which lie 
a])])eared as umior counsel, and astonished the court, the bar. and all 
who heard him. Xot long afterwards, in the celebrated case of Jed- 
ediah Strong and wife, before the General Assembly. ( she having aji- 
plied for a divorce), he greatly distinguished himself again, and thus 
became known throughout the state as a young lawyer of the first 
promise : and the reputation thus early acquired was never suffered 

56 i.rrni i-iij.D cointn' i;i:\cii and i;.\r 

to laltor. hill on llir other liaiul, steadily increased in streni^'th until 
his elexation to the bench. 

■' During- my stay in Litchfield, and after my admission to the 
bar, 1 of course saw Ah-. Smith, and heard him in almost all the im- 
portant cases there; and as 1 was located in the south-west corner 
town in the county, adjoining- Fairtield. 1 almost immediately obtain- 
ed some business which, thougli small, was such as during nearly all 
my professional life caused me to attend the courts in that county, 
where I found Mr. Smith as fully engaged and as highly esteemed as 
in his own county. In Xew Haven I also knew he had a very con- 
siderable practice. 

"It is worthy also to be observed, in forming an estimate of Mr. 
Smith's professional talent and character, that there never at any 
period was an abler bar in Connecticut, than during his practice. In 
Litchfield county, were Judge Reeve, Judge Adams, General Tracy, 
John Allen, Judge Gould. X. B. Benedict, and otiiers ; at the Fairfield 
county bar, were Pierpont Edwards, Judge Ingersoll. and Judge 
Daggett, constantly from Xew Haven, Judge Edmonds, S. 1). Sher- 
wood, R. j\I. Sherman, Judge Chapman, and Governor Bissell ; and 
in New Haven, besides the three above named, were James Hillhouse, 
Judge Baldwin, and others. 

"As I suppose it not probable that you ever saw Judge Smith, 
as he ceased to attend courts in 18 19. and died when you was very 
young, I will observe, what you have doubtless heard, that he was a 
large and fine appearing man. much of the same complexion of the 
Hon. Truman Smith, his nephew\ with whom you are all so well ac- 
quainted ; less tall than he, but of rather fuller habit. His face was 
not only the index of high capacity and solid judgment, but uncom- 
monly handsome ; his hair was dark and thin, though not to baldness, 
except on the fore part of the head, and was very slightly sprinkled 
with gray. His fine, dark eyes, were remarkably pleasing and gentle 
in ordinarv intercourse, but very variable, always kindling when high- 
ly excited in debate, they became almost oppressive. His voice was 
excellent, being both powerful and harmonious, and never broke un- 
der any exertion of its capacity. His manner was very ardent and 
the seeming dictate of a strong conviction of the justice of his cause ; 
and his gestures were the natural expression of such a conviction. 
.Mr. Smith's style was pure and genuine Saxon, with no attempt at 
classic ornament or allusion. His train of reasoning was lucid and 
direct, and evincive of the fact that the whole of it was like a map 
spread out in his mind's eye from the beginning. His integritN' was 
always felt and dreaded by his opponent. He s])oke with nnicli 
fluency, but with no undue rapidity ; he never hesitated for or Iwi^- 
i^lcd at a word, nor did he ever tire his audience with undue prolixity, 
or omit to do full justice to his case for fear of tiring them; and in- 
deed there was little danger of it. Though certainly a very fine 
si)eaker, he never achieved or aspired to those strains of almost 


superhuman cl()(|uencc' with which his old master Reeve, sometimes 
electrified and astonished his au(hcnce, and yet, in ordinary cases, 
he was the most correct speaker of the two — tiiouj^h Judj^e Reeve 
was. and he was not. a scholar. Mr. Smith, thouj^^h (|uite unassum- 
ing", and often recedin*;;' in common intercourse and conversation, was, 
when heated in ar.^ument. it must he confessed, often overhearing to 
the adverse party, and. not only them, hut to their counsel. I'jjon 
all other occasions, he api)eared to he, and 1 helieve was. a very kind 
hearted, aj^reeable and pleasant man. To me, he always so a])peare<l, 
and I have been much in his com])any. 

"Mr. Smith came early into public life, and was fre(|ueiuly elect- 
ed to the General Assem])ly from Woodbury. In 1795, he was elect- 
ed a member of the fourth Congress ; and in 1797, he was chosen to 
the fifth Congress; but declined further election. In May. 1799. he 
was made an assistant, and was re-elected for the five following 
years, when he resigned his seat at that board in consequence of the 
passage of the act in 1803. prohibiting the members of the then Su- 
preme Court of Errors from practicing before the Court, lie re- 
mained in full i)ractice at the bar until ( )ctober, 1806. when he was 
elected a judge of the Superior Court, and continued to fill that office 
until May. 18 19. when the judiciary establishment of that year went 
into operation ; from which time he remained in private life until 
his death. 

"In every public station in which Mr. Smith was placed, he dis- 
tinguished himself. He did so in Congress, at a time when our rep- 
resentation was as able. perha])s. as it ever has been, and when the 
character of the house to which he belonged was far higher than it 
now is. In the Superior Court he was certainly very greatly res])ect- 
ed and admired, as an able and perfectly upright judge. 

"In private life his name was free from reproach. .\ strictly 
honest and pure life, free from any of those little blemishes which 
often mar the fame of distinguished men, may. I think, be fairly 
claimed by his biographer to be his due. .As a husband, a j^arent. a 
friend, a neighbor, a moralist and a christiati. I believe few have left 
a more faultless name." 

No.Mi r.KXN'ET p,i;xi:dict. 

In further compliance with your late request. I now place at y<xir 
disposal some account of the life, character and standing of another 
highly esteemed member of the Litchfield County Bar. 

The Hon. Xoah Rennet Benedict was a native of Woodbury, in 
which he resided during his whole life. He was the son of the Rev. 
Noah Benedict, long the i)astor of the First Congregational Church 
in that town. Mr. Benedict's earlv school education must have been 

58 i,iT(.iii'ii:i.i) c()rNr>- i;i;ncii and bar 

correct and g-ood. as its fruits invariably showed itself in after life. 
He ^'■raduated at Yale L\)lle<ie in September. 1788. when a little short 
of ei.u'hteen years of aj^'e. I lis lej^al studies coninienced sotni after his 
graduation, which were. 1 believe, pursued principally, if not wholly, 
in the oflice of his brother-in-law, Nathaniel Smith, afterwards so 
highly distinguished as a jurist, which was near the residence of Mr. 
Benedict's father. As soon as he arrived to lawful age Mr. Benedict 
came to the liar, and for the remainder of his life, to wit: about 
thirty-nine years, it is believed he never failed to attend every regular 
session of the Courts holden at Litchfield ; and though he never habit- 
ually attended Courts in other counties, he occasionally did so for the 
purpose of arguing a particular case. During the long course of his 
practice Mr. Benedict had an ample share of business, and for the 
latter half of that period, he was, especially in the Superior Court, the 
leading advocate, on one side or the other, in most of the trials either 
to -the court or to the jury. Jrlis management of a trial was discreet, 
his argument sound." sensible^ and being aided by the well known and 
generally esteemed integrity of his character, had their due effect. 
He never attempted to play the orator or to attract attention by fine 
turned periods, but contented himself with plain reasoning, of which 
he was no indifferent master. 

At a very early period Mr. Benedict was a member of the legisla- 
ture. But the political majority of the voters in Woodbury becom- 
ing about this time and for long afterwards decidedly democratic, 
proved an effectual bar to his political promotion, as far as depended 
upon that town, but by the vote of the State at large he was elected 
in 1813 one of the twelve assistants, (as they were then styled, who 
composed the Upper House of the assembly), and was re-elected the 
two following years; but in the year 1818 an entire political revolu- 
tion took place in Connecticut, and Mr. Benedict shared the fate of 
almost every one who held anv post of dignit\' or profit depending 
upon the ])ublic suffrage at large in the State. \ le was subseciuently 
manv years later elected once more to the Lower House. He was 
also for several years judge of P^robate for the District of Woodbury, 
an appointment then depending upon the legislature, ^fr. Benedict 
was twice married, but left no living issue. He died in June or July 
1831. at the age of sixty, or in his sixtieth year. 

In private life Mr. Benedict was entirely unassuming, and a very 
pleasing comi)ani()n to all who could relish purity of moral character 
and conduct, which his whole life was an eminent example: his feel- 
ings were peculiarly sensitive and delicate ; a loose or profane expres- 
sion never escaped his lips, and indeed so fastidi(nis was he in res])ect 
to the former, that it used to l)e a matter of amusement with his less 
scru])ulous associates in jocose conversation, to tease his feminine 
delicacv upon such subjects. Though when alone and inioccu])ied 
he had a ])ro]iensity to indulge in somewhat gloomy rcHections, \et 
he was not averse to participate in facetious conversation when due 

XoAii Bexxkt Bexedict 
From an old Painting:. 

i:(» \ui)M.\\'s sKKTi II i;s 59 

delicacy was observed. He had a profound respect for rtli^ion and 
was in all respects a _i;orn/. a x'cry i:^ood inaii. 

Mr. Benedict was of somewhat less than inidlinj^ size, <jf a nie<li- 
uni complexion, but his eyes and hair rather dark. 

T.VMKS C.ori.l). 

In compliance, in part, with a re(|uest recently received from you. 
I now send you a brief and imperfect sketch of the literary and pro- 
fessional character, standini;- and reputation of the Hon. James C'.ould. 
who for a very considerable period of time contributed much to the 
fame of the County and State for leg:al science, by his talents as an 
advocate and especially as an instructor and as a judg'e of the Supe- 
rior Court; with some account of his person and family. Mr. Could 
the son of Dr. William Could, an eminent physician, was born at 
Hranford in this State in the year 1770. The goodness of his com- 
mon school education is inferable from the perfect accuracy of it, 
which showed itself in all he did or said in after life. He graduated 
when a little over twenty-one, at Yale College, in September, 1791. 
with distinguished honor in a class distinguished for talents. 

The vear next following his collegiate course he spent in Balti- 
more as a teacher. He then returned to Xew Haven and commenced 
the study of law with Judge Chauncey ; and in September of that 
\ear he was chosen a tutor in Yale College, in which office he contin- 
ued two years. He then joined the Law School of Mr. Reeve at 
Litchfield and was soon after admitted to the Bar. Immediately af- 
ter his admission to the 15ar he opened an office for i)ractice in that 
town, where he resided during the remainder of his life. 

On his first appearance as an advocate he evinced such an ap- 
parent maturity of intellect, such a self-possession, such command of 
his thoughts and of the language appropriate to their expression, tliat 
he was marked out as a successful aspirant for forensic eminence. 
His progress in the acquisition of professional business was steady 
and rapid. 

Fortunate circumstances concurring a few years before his choice 
of Litchfield as a field of his professional labors, in the removal by 
promotion of two very distinguished practitioners at the Bar. ojxMied 
the way to such a choice, and by like good fortune a similar event re- 
moved one of the two only remaining obstructions in that town to his 
full share in the best business as an advocate, the only business to 
which he aspired. As a reasoner Mr. Gould was forcible, lucid and 
logical : as a speaker his voice was very pleasant and his language 
pure, clear and always appropriate. He never aspired to high strains 
of impassioned eloquence, and rarely, if ever, addressed himself to the 
passions of the Court and Jury, but to their understanding only, and 

6o I.lTclll-lKl.n COUNTY I'.KNCIl AND HAR 

was a very able, pleasiiiij and successful advocate. His arj^ument was 
a fair maj) of the case, and one sometimes ens^a^ed ag^ainst him. but 
feelino- his superiority, observed, that he had rather have Gould 
ag-ainst him in a case, than any other of any where equal powers, 
because he could perfectly understand his argument, and if suscepti- 
ble of an answer could know how to apply it Tn his j^ractice at the 
Bar he was always ])erfectly fair and honorable. Within some two or 
three years after Mr. Gould commenced practice, Mr. Reeve, the 
founder and until that time the sole instructor of the Litchfield Law 
School, accepted a seat upon the bench of the Superior Court. This 
Court made it necessary for him to give up the school, or to associate 
some one with him in its management, and to deliver lectures in his 
absence upon the circuits. The Judge selected Air. Gould as that 
associate; and for a number of \ears they jointly conducted and re- 
ceived the pupils of the School : and on the final retiring of Judge 
Reeve from any participation in the instruction of the School, Mr. 
Gould became its sole instructor and so continued until elevated to 
the bench of the Superior Court in the spring of 1816. when he in 
turn had to have recourse to temporary aid for the short time he re- 
mained on the bench. lUit a thorough political Revolution having 
taken place in this State, and a new constitution formed which entire- 
ly new modeled the courts of law, Mr. Gould took no further share 
in public employments : and his health being greatly impaired, he 
never resumed practice at the Bar. but confined himself wholly to his 
School during the remainder of his life, as far as severe infirmities 
would permit. He died, as appears bv the College catalogue, in 

in person Mr. Gould was very handsome. Of about medium 
heighth. or perhaps a little over ; but rather less in l)0(ly and limbs 
than medium size. His complexion fair, with fine dark eyes and 
beautiful brown hair; all his features good and in connection indica- 
tive of much intelligence and good nature, and his form for symmetry 
and gracefulness could hardly have been mended ; and in all respects. 
in body, mind and education, he nia\' ])e fairly stxied a finished man. 
In private and social intercourse he was highlv pleasing, facetious 
and witty. 

Soon aftei- his settlement in Litchfield he married the eldest 
daughter of the Hon. I'riali Tracw so well known for liis long and 
distinguished service in the councils of the stale and nation. 

Mrs. Gould in person and mind was a fit wife for such a husband, 
and ])artook with him in the hapjMness of raising a very numerous 
and pronnsing family of children. 

Judge Gould wrote and published a volume of Pleadings, which 
together with his fame as an instructor, gave him a distinguished 
name among the eminent jurists of the countrw 



Aj^^ain in compliance with your later rcfiucst for further sketches 
of the lives and profesional standing; of the f(jniier niemhers of the 
Litchfield County liar I transmit you a name which, thouj^di not dec- 
orated by the civic honors annexed to some of them. 1 think hij^dily 
worthy of a j^lace in the series. 

Asa JJacon, the son of a very respectable ami somewhat opulent 
farmer of Canterbury in this State, was born iliere on the 8th dav of 
February. 1771. ilis early school and classical education was had 
in that and neighborin|L;- towns in Windham County so far as was 
necessary to a ])re])aration t(»r entering- ^'ale CoUe.^e. which he did 
in September. 1789 ; and during- liis collej^iate course, sustained a verv 
prominent standing- in his class ; and by his instructor and class-mates 
was marked out as one who would make a distinguished figure in the 
profession in which his talents and turn of mind ])lainly indicated 
would be his choice. Immediately after his graduation in Sei)lember. 
1793. lit' entered the otlice of Cen. Cleaveland in his nali\e town as a 
Law-student, and there remained about six months and then joined 
the Law school at Litchfield, at that time, and for long before, under 
the sole instruction of Tapping Reeve. Esq., afterwards Judge Reeve, 
in which he remained until aclmittcd to the Bar in September. 1795. 
Soon after which, without consulting- anybody or taking a single let- 
ter of which he might for asking obtained any (piantitv of tlie best 
sort, wdth characteristic boldness and love of adventure in vouth. he 
left Connecticut for Virginia with a determination of establishing 
himself in the practice of law in ilu- latter state: an attemjit. it is be- 
lieved never before made b\ any one from Connecticut. In order to 
the accomplishment of which object, he found on arrival in \ irginia 
that he had got to obtain a license from a majority of the judges of 
the Supreme Court in that state, and that too by visiting them at their 
respective residences : for they were not in the practice of examining 
and licensing candidates during the session of the court. This sub- 
jected him to the trouble and expense of traveling over a great ]iart 
of the state ; anci this being accomplished, he determined to fix him- 
self at Leesburg. the capital of Loudon county, and he accordingly 
opened an office for practice there ; and being aided by a fine and 
imposing personal appearance and promptness in manners, he suc- 
ceeded in obtaining a fair and encouraging portion of the business, 
and there remained for nearly three years, when, on returning to 
Connecticut to visit his relations, he found the prospects of profes- 
sional business in his native county to be such as. in connection with 
a natural preference for Connecticut societv to that of \'irginia. to 
induce him to renounce his connection with his new formed estab- 
lishment and o]:)en an office in his native town, and this he did not 
only with such success as speedily to secure him a fair professional 
business, but also to induce four young gentlemen to enter his otlice 


for k\2:al instruction, upon a plan which lie adopted; three of whom 
were from Massacliusetts, and (Mie a meml)er of Coui^ress from the 
state of Xew York. 

After a prosperous practice of t)ver seven years in Windham 
County, he received an invitation from the Hon. John Allen, then at 
the head of {practice in the larger county of Litchfield, to remove 
there and hecome his partner in business. This he accepted, and 
was probably in a measure induced so to do from the pros])ect that 
Mr. Allen would, on account of declinini^' health, wholly retire from 
the r>ar at no very distant period; and this in fact happened at a 
time earlier than was desirable. P»y means of his connection with 
IMr. Allen, and of a peculiar faculty of his own, Mr. Bacon soon 
(^l)tained an ample and satisfactory share of the business done at the 
Litchheld County P>ar, and by his faithfulness and zeal in the man- 
agement of it he retained it for many years to his great satisfaction, 
for he was very fond of his profession. No man more thoroughly 
identified himself with the interests of his client, insomuch that he 
could hardly bring himself to doubt of the justice of his cause, how- 
ever he might of the legal means of obtaining it ; hence his utmost 
exertions were sure to be put forth for the attainment of it. In un- 
tiring industry in the preparation of a cause for trial no man ex- 
celled him. He was an able, and when the nature of the case al- 
lowed of it. an elocjuent advocate. Until some sixty years old he 
was in full practice, almost never being in any degree diverted from 
it by political aspirations. Rut repeated i^neumoniac attacks of a 
threatening nature in the autumn of the year 1832 admonished him 
of the danger of much public speaking, and induced him to retire 
from the Bar as soon as it could conveniently be done. While in 
practice, his untiring diligence in the preparation of his causes for 
trial, the learning, wit and force of reasoning was so satisfactory 
to his numerous clients, that it was not remembered that any one 
who once employed him ever forsook him when in after time he had 
occasion for legal advice. 

After the close of his practice of law, and indeed long before 
that event, Mr. Bacon paid much attention to pecuniary affairs, and 
his skill and judgment in the management, led to his appoinment 
as ])resident of the branch of the Phcenix P)ank located at Litchfield, 
which he held for a number of years. lUit his cautit)us policy in the 
management of it proved unsatisfactory to some of the stockliolders, 
but more particularly with the managers at head quarters. 

As a man. a mere ])rivate individual, Mr. ]^)acon will be agreed 
by all who ever knew him to have been a very peculiar man, both in 
ap])earance and in manner, lie was full six feet two inches high; 
well formed for ap])earance ; neither too fleshy nor too spare; and 
his inexhaustible fund of pleasant wit, judiciously used, made him 
an agreeal)le companion to both sexes and all ages : and having in 
himself an uncommon elasticity of s])irits he was fitted to enjoy life 

; .r4l^:?^^:a> 


i;(i.\Kl»\L AN's SKI','1'1 iii> 63 

ami li> impart lo nilnTs its fnjdyiiu'iu in an (.•niiiiciii deforce. ( )n 
mail}' accounts, and indeed on innsl accounts, Mr. Ilacon niav be 
said to 1)0 a fortunate man, l)ui on otliers, had it not been for bis 
peculiar buoyancy ol si)irit>, a \er\ unfortunate man. 

In .March, 1X07, he married .Miss l.ucretia Champion the onlv 
daui^iiter of the 1 Ion. I'",])aphr( mHius C'hampii in, of h'.ast I laddam. wiio 
still survi\es him : and never was a man ihroui^h a lonjj;- married life 
of half a century, more ha])py in the conju|L;al connection. 'iMiis niar- 
rias^'c was blessed by the l)irth of three sons of uncommon ])roiuise, 
but all of them were cut d(->\vn in early manhood: not. however, until 
each had .i;i\en decided i)roof of natural and accpu'red ca])acitv. 
Three daui^hlers were also the fruit of that maria^c. but all died in 
early infancy. 

Quite a number of years since, Mr. IJacon disposed of his pro])er- 
ty in Litchfield and removed to Xew Haven, where he s])cnt the re- 
mainder of his Ioul;- and useful life, and dit'(l in the full ])ossession of 
his mental faculties when but two days short of eighty-six years of 
ag"e. No one ever cpiestioned his integrity. He was a professor 
of religion, and is believed to have lived in accordance with his pro- 
fession. He died in the possession of an ample estate, in a great 
degree the fruit of his discreet management, and out of which, it is 
but justice to his memory to state, he made a donation to \a\e Col- 
lege of ten thousand dollars. 

IvI.lSllA sri'.Ki.ixc. 

Gen. Elisha Sterling of Salisbur\-, who was for a long time a 
very respectable member of the Litchfield I'ouuly liar, was a native 
of Lyme in this State, where he received his training and early edu- 
cation, until he became a member of Yale College, of the class which 
graduated in September, t/S^: and that he sustained a good stand- 
ing in it is evinced by his having an honorary share in its commence- 
ment exercises. Lnmediately after his graduation he assumeil the 
charge of an academy, then recentl}- established in Sharon ; and 
during the two years while it was under his management and tu- 
ition, it became verv thoroughly established and very extensively 
and popularly known. While at the head of the academy he pursued 
the study of Law, and was admitted to the Bar in 1789 or 1790, and 
immediately opened an office for the practice of his profession in 
Salisbury where he continued to reside during the remainder of his 
life. He was very fortunate in his place of settlement, and soon 
found himself engaged in lucrative practice, which he pursued witli 
much industry for a long time ; and it is believed that very few 
lawvers have bv the mere practice of their profession in Connecti- 
cut acquired a larger ])roi)ert\- than he did. lie was at an early 

64 i.TTCiTriKi.i) coiN'rv i;i;ncii and har 

])eri(i(l Ity the Count} (.\)urt appDintod Attoniry for the State in that 
County, and by tlieni (to whom alone tlie ri^lit of that a])pointment 
then pertained.) annually reajipointed for many years, and until a 
])olitieal change in a majorit\ of tliat Court led to a change in the 
attorneyship. The ])ro])riely of his manaj^ement as a public prose- 
cutor was never (piestioned even by his political t)pponents. As a 
mere advocate he did not stand at the head of such practice, but 
did a res])ectable share of it. and stood hi^li in the secondary rank; 
and in the entire amount of business, in point of prt)fit, few equaled, 
and ])erha])s none suri)assed liim. In addition to the office of State's 
Attorney, he for a long" time held the office of Judg'e of Probate for 
the district of Sharon — an office then de])ending- u])on the annual 
a])])oiutment of the legislatiu'e, and luitil. for a like cause above 
mentioned. Ik was re(|uired to give ])lace to another, of different 
political principles from his own ; and the latter office he held two 
or three years after he ceased to be. of the then, healthy political 
faith. He was very often a representative to the General Assembly 
from Salisbury when the political standing of the town would allow 
of such a choice, and was a major-general of the militia. At a 
somewhat earlier period he married a daughter of the Hon. John 
Canfield. deceased, of Sharon, who for a long time was a distin- 
guished member of the Bar of Litchfield County in former times ; 
and bv that marriage he became the father of a somewhat nuiuerous 
family, nearly all of whom were sons. They were all young men of 
promise, and on entering into business were well endowed by their 
father, and it is believed were respectable and prosperous in their 
several vocations. Gen. Sterling somewhat late in life married the 
widow of the Rev. Dr. John Elliott, who survived hiiu. Through 
life Gen. Sterling enjoyed a good state of health, and died when 
over seventy years of age, in the year 1836. of a sudden illness oc- 
casioned by a slight wound in the leg. too much neglected. He was 
above medium size, of a light complexion and good personal a]i- 
pearance. and his moral and religious habits unimpeachable. 

jAi'.Kz w. iirxTixcToy. 

In compliance with former recpiests and of a recent intiniatir)n 
of mv own, 1 now transmit you a brief sketch of the life and char- 
acter of the Hon. Jabez W. lluntington. son of the late Gen. 
Zachariah Hmitington of Xorwich. and grandson of the Hon. Jabez 
Huntington of that place, the assistant and associate of the first Gov. 
Trumbull, who was born in Norwich in the year 1787 or 1788. He 
received his early traiiiing and instruction in his native town, which 
after times evinced to be accurate and gfx^l. He became a member 
of Yale College in Septeiuber. 1802 and graduated in September, 

noAKDM.w's ski: Ti II I'.s 65 

|K()^>. with the rc'])utaliiin of a j; 1 scholar. Snoii after his ^^raihia- 

tion hf hfcanu' a tcacluT in an academic school under the j^'ovcrn- 
iiieni ot' its founder, h'.sciuire Morris of Litchfield South Farms, as 
then called, now the town of Morris, named after the founder of 
.said .'^chool. After ahout a year thus employed, Mr. I luntin^"t(jn 
entered juds^e Reeve's I, aw School, in which he ccjntinuetl a diligent 
student until admitted to the I'ar in Litchfield County, of wliich he 
soon showed himself to he a worth} member, and in due time a 
distinguished one ; he liaving commenced the practice of his pr*^- 
fession in Litchfield, and there continued it. until its final termina- 
tion by an office conferred uixm him incompatible with its further 
])ursuit. In practice, his whole aim and ambition was to become 
an advocate, and had no desire to obtain any share of collecting 
business, though in many hands not less lucrative ; and as he was 
always ready to aid the less ambitious of s])eaking, he early acquired 
a verv considerable share of the portion of practice of which he was 
ambitious and which was improving to him. His forte as an advo- 
cate was in detecting error in declarations and other ])arts of plead- 
ings, and in a lucid manner of pointing them out. l'])on the whole 
he was as an advocate clear and accurate, rather than i)eculiar for 
the gracefulness of manner or refinement of diction, though his 
manner was by no means disgusting, and his language entirely free 
from any approach to vulgarity. Llis manners were pleasing and 
po])ular, and he re])eatedly represented Litchfield in the General 
.\ssemblv and distinguished himself there. He was elected to the 
21 St Congress, and re-elected to the 22(1 and 23d Congress : and near 
the expiration of the last of his Congressional career he was chosen 
a ludge of the Superior Court, and held that office until 1.^40, 
wlien being chosen a senator of the Ignited States he resigned the 
ludgeshipand accepted the latter appointment, and continued to 
hold it bv virtue of a second api)ointment until his death in 1847. 
In all which stations he performed the duties thereof with honor to 
himself and to the entire satisfaction of the public. His moral char- 
acter w^as irreproachable ; a professor of religion and an observer of 
its precepts. Late in life he was married, but it is believed left no 
issue. Soon after election to Congress he removed to his native 
town and died there. 


Phincas Miner, a verv respectable and somewhat eminent mem- 
ber of the Litchfield County Bar, was a native of Winchester in that 
countv, and there, and in that region, as far as by the writer hereof 
known, received his entire training and education in all respects. At 
an earlv period in life he commenced the practice of law in the place 

66 I.lTcllI'lKl.l) LOINTV 1:i;nci1 and 1!.\R 

of liis birth, in the societ\- of W'iiistcd. as is hcHcvcd, a ])lacc of a 
gTcat (leal of active niamifacturin^- business and furnisliin^- an ample 
share of enijjloynient for i^entlenien of the lei;al profession, of which 
Mr. Miner soon acquired an aini)le share, and at no (Hstant peri(-»(l. 
an en^rossiuQ- (Mie, witli wliich lie api)eared in court t'roni term to 
term until he felt warranteil in the expectation of drawiuiL;- alter him 
an enj^ai^ement in all the dis])utable cases from that fruitful ([uarter, 
when he removed to Ivitchfield and was much employed as an advo- 
cate for a number of years, and until his health rather prematurelv 
failcd, and he became the victim of j^reat mental and bodily sutTter- 
in,q-. imtil relieved by death before reaching- the ordinary period at 
which old age begins to make its effects much perceptible in the hu- 
man frame. As an advocate Mr. Miner was ardent, impassioned 
and fluent, but in his apparent great ambition to be eloquent he 
often made use of tig-ures of speech which a more chastened and 
correct training in youth w^ould have taught him to avoid, and less 
wounding to an ear of taste, but the fault apparent to all, was the 
extreme prolixity of his arguments ; but these faults notwithstand- 
ing. Mr. Miner was a respectable and able advocate. 

Before his removal to Litchfield Mr. Miner was an early and 
frequent member of the legislature from his native town and after 
his removal there, a member of the state senate for the fifteenth 
district, and was also elected to fill a vacancy in the seciHid session 
of the twenty-third Congress. 

Mr. Miner was twice married. l)ut it is Ijelieved. left no issue. 
but of this the writer is uncertain. Ide led a strictly moral life and 
was justly esteemed a good man. 


One more attempt to comply with your repeated requests. Le- 
man Church, a late member of the Litchfield County Bar. was a na- 
tive of Salisbury in this county, a son of an opulent farmer of that 
town, and in it. it is supposed, he received his education, both 
scholastic and professional ; the latter in the office of his half- 
brother, Samuel Church, afterwards a Judge of the Superior Court, 
and finally Chief Justice of the same, and after his admission to the 
bar he o])ened an office in North Canaan, where he resided during 
the remainder of his life. Mr. Church was successful in acquiring 
at an earlv period a promising share of professional business, which 
steaflilv increased, until by the middle of ]irofessional life he occu- 
pied a stand among the leading advocates at the bar; and towards 
the close of life there was scarce a cause, es])ecially in the higher 
Courts, of considerable im])ortance discussed, in which he was not 

iKj akdman's sKirrciii'.s 67 

In Scptcmhrr. i-'^.^.^. Mr. C'luircli was apjx tinted by the Court, 
Stale's Altornex, as successor to his l)rother Saninel. on the lattcr's 
elevation to the bench of the Superior CV)urt. and held that office by 
annual re-a])pointnients until Se])tember term, 1S3S. when by a politi- 
cal chan,L;v in the court lu' was rc(|uired to yield the place to another; 
it is belicNcd. In iwx'wr, llial lie afterwards for a time, re-occnpied 
that place, but nut pusitively recollected. 

A^ a speaker he was cool. unimi)assioned and ins^eniou.s : he never 
attempted to affect the jtassinns of those he addressed, and bein,ii^ 
destitute of passion himself, was consecpiently inca])ablc of movinsi^ 
the passions of others; he never attempted to be elo(|uent or made 
use of a mereh ornate exi)ression, his object in speakin^i( was efTect. 
and that wholly directed to his cause and not to himself ; in the man- 
agement of a case he was always cool and self-possessed ; no sud- 
den and unexpected turn in the prog-ress of a trial disconcerted 
him, or aj^peared to be unexpected by him; no collision at the bar 
ever appeared to aitect his temper in the least. With such a tem- 
perament it is obvious that the legal i)rofe;>sion, was of all the pro- 
fessions, the one for him, and that in which he was calculated to 

Mr. Church was always entirely regardless of personal api)ear- 
ance and dress ; he was very small, meager and ill formeil. his fea- 
tures quite ordinary, but all this very indifferent api)earance was res- 
cued from inattention b}- a most remarkably attractive and intelli- 
gent eye. 

Mr. Church was frequently a representative to the Legislature 
from Canaan, and never failed to make an impression upon that 
bodv ; and to his sag'acious management is attributable the ])reseva- 
tion of the Housatonic Railroad from ruin, as a commissioner there- 
<ui appointed by the Legislature, with power, together with his as- 
sociate in office, Mr. Pond, to sell and consequently to destroy the 
road which seemed to be a favorite object with them for a time. 

Mr. Church died in the midst of life as a professional man, July 
184Q. 1 am unable to state the i-)articulars of his family. 

'i>tigunck*s 3liifti| Icats 












Litchticld, I'"cl). 9, 1X70. 
GivN. Skim '.WICK : 

Mv Dear Sir — At a bar nieetiiif^- held this n<x)ii the followinj:^ 
nesokition was ofifered by E. W. Seymour and uiianiinously ado])ted : 

IVhcrcas, at the next term of this Court (kMi. C. F. Sedg-wick 
will have completed a fifty years connection with this bar as a re- 
spected member thereof, 

Resolved, That he be invited to deliver an address in the Court 
Room at such time next term as may 1x" convenient to him u|x)n some 
subject connected with his long ])r()tessional career. 

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to extend this 
invitation to the General and to make arrangements that may be 
necessarv in case the invitation be accepted. 

O. S. Seymour. J. H. Hubbard and Abijah Catlin were ap])ointed 
a committee for this purpose. 

It gives the committee great pleasure to communicate the f(jre- 
going |)roceedings to you and we liope }-ou will gratify us by accejJt- 
ing the invitation. \\"e will at any time confer with you upon the 
subject of what arrangements should be made. 

Yours truly, O. S. Sevmoiu, 

For the Committee. 

The committee of the Litchtield County l'>ar have received the 
annexed letter from General Sedgwick and have agreed upon Wed- 
nesday evening, the 13th of April, for hearing the commemoration 
discourse at the Court Room. Members of the Bar of other Courts 
and the public generall\- are invited to attend. 

J. H. HUBU.\KU. 

(). S. Seymour. 

Al'.IJAll Cati.ix, 


Litchfield. March 14. 1870. 

Sharon, March i_>. 1870. 

Judge Seymour : 

D^-ar Sir — I received, in due time, yours, written in l)ehalf of 
the committee of the Bar, and owe you an aiwlogy for not giving 
it an earlier answer. The truth is that I have hesitated to give an 
affirmative response from a feeling of incomixftency to get up any 
thing which woukl be of any interest to my kind friends of the 

^2 I.lTCIlI'li:!.!) CX)rNTV UKXCll AND 1!AK 

wliose iK)lite proceedins^s ycni coniniunioatc. P.ut the respect wliich 
I ftH?l for them coinhined with a feehiii;' of gratitude for tlie past 
kiiuhiesses as well as llic uri;enoy of many individuals of the ])rofes- 
sion here as well as in other counties have ])ersuaded me to make 
the attempt to comply with their wishes, and 1 will try to ,i(et up a 
c<immemoration discourse to he read to the Bar at the next tenu of 
the Court. As Good Friday will come during" the first week of Court 
1 will suggest Wednesday evening" of that week for the hearing 
instead of Thursday, hut in this T will conform to the wishes of the 
committee. If they should fi.x on anv other evening please notify 

Yours. resi)ectfully, 

C. F. SKDf.WlCK. 


The statement that I have heen for fifty \ears a memher of the 
bar of this county, admonishes me of a rapid journey across the stage 
of life, from its morning- to its evening. Those years have sped 
away, and they have embraced a large portion of the time usually 
alloted to man as the period of his existence here. 
■'Large space are they 
Of man's brief life, those tifty years; they join 
Its ruddy morning with the paler light 
Of its declining hours." 

They have swept off in their current nearly every one who was 
active in the proceedings of the courts of rliis county, at the com- 
mencement of that period. It did not then occur to me to consider 
the (|uestion whether I should outlive nearly all my associates at the 
bar. but of the forty-four members who were then in active practice 
here, all save three, and they are not now in practice, have preceded 
me on their journey to the grave. Some have laid their bones in 
distant parts of the country, but with the excejition above named, 
all have gone to their last account. 

I suppose it to be the wish of the bar. as it has been intimated 
to me, that I should say something of those who were active in con- 
ducting the judicial jjroceedings in this County, tifty years ago. 
This will imply a notice of the judgws, clerks and olllcers of the ctmrt. 
as well as the legal ])r<)fession. A wide field is o])en before me, 
and I fear the exploration which 1 shall give it will be of very little 
interest to my brethren, but such impressions of the men of those 
times as remain with me, I will endeavor to la\' before them. 

Ki;-OI<C.AX]Z A'l'loN OF Till". (.OIKTS. 

'i'lu- Courts had then just been organized under llic present C'on- 
stitulion of the State. I 'nder the old goxeniment , the Supreme 

skdcwick's addkkss 73 

Court consisted of nine juds^cs. ami tluy wiTf (.ki-trd aniuiull)' by the 
k'54islaturc. I'lidcr the C'onstilulion. the mnnbcT was reduced to 
five, and tliey held their ollice durinj^- s;(M)d behaviour, or until they 
reached the ai,^e of seventy years. In like manner, the jud,Q;es oi the 
County Courts were reduced from five to three, l-'onuerly these 
judges held the Su])erior Courts, but under the Constitution, they 
were holden bv one judj;e. Tlie old (.'ourt has embodied as lii.^ii an 
order of judicial talent as any other Court in any of the States, and 
when the a])])ointment of the judg-cs under the new or<;anization was 
in contemplation, much anxiety was felt amonjj;- the members of the 
lej^-al profession lest the character of the Court should deteriorate. 
Chief Justice Swift was very ])oi)ular with all classes, and it was 
thoui^dit that his hij^h character as a jurist, and his spotless charac- 
ter as a man, would render it pretty certain that he be retained at 
the head of the new Court. But the party then in power, known in 
our political history as the Toleration ])arty, determined to make an 
almost entire change in the material of the Court, and to man the 
bench with new incumbents. For the new Chief Justice, they select- 
ed the Hon. Stephen Titus Hosmer, of Middletown, who had been 
a member of the old Court some three or four years, and who, it \yas 
claimed, had voted the ticket of the party at the ne.xt i>receding 
election. It was laid to his charge that he had done so with the 
intent of therebv obtaining the position which he was afterwards 
called to fill. The other judges were John T. Peters, Asa Cha])man, 
Jeremiah Gates Brainard. and William Bristol. Judge lirainard 
was of the old Court, and it was the intention of the ruling party to 
put James Lanman in the place ; but some of the tolerationists of 
N'ew London County did not believe him qualified to fill it. and 
refused to vote for him. Judge Brainard was of the same county, 
and the federalists naturally rallied upon him in op])osition to Lan- 
man, and with the aid of dissentient tolerationists. Brainard was 
elected. He was the only old federalist on the bench, till Daggett 
came on. in 1826. 

(.iiii-.i" jrsTiii". ir()S>rr:K. 

Ste])hen Titus Hosmer was a lawyer of eminence in his peculiar 
way. He had no yery high standing as an advocate, but as a lawyer, 
learned in elementary principles his position was a very good one. 
A gentleman who had heard him, told me that his manner was hard 
and drv, and his elocution very defective, but in some branches of 
legal science he had few superiors. He seemed to delight in ex- 
ploring ancient paths in search of legal principles, and in getting 
up old legal tracts and dissertations. In the first volume of Day's 
Reports, there is a note of forty pages of fine print, containing an 
opinion "of Lord Camden, of the Knglish Court of Common Pleas. 


wliich has hardly a rival in judicial Icarnim^- or olocjuonce. Mr. Day 
informed mo that this was i)rescntc'd him in manuscript hy Mr. Hos- 
mer. there bein.ij then no printed co])y of it on this side of tlie At- 
lantic. He was a])pointed a judij^e of the old Court in 1815. hut be- 
ing one of the yoimij;er judi^es. it never fell to his lot to preside on 
the trial of a case, until his accession to the Chief Justiceship. His 
career, on the whole, was very successful, both at nisi prius, and on 
the bench of the Supreme Court. His apprehension of the points 
involved in the case before him, was very (|uick, and the first inti- 
mation he gave on incidental matters occurring in the course of the 
trial, was a sure indication of what the result would be; and al- 
though he would take special pains to say to the counsel that he 
had formed no opinion, the party against whom he leaned knew 
that his fate was sealed. His labors in his official duties must have 
been immense. It fell to his lot to give the opinion of the Court 
in nearly all the cases tried in the Supreme Court for several years 
after his ai)])ointment, and nearly all the material of the third, fourth 
and fifth large volumes of the Connecticut Reports are the result 
of his study of the cases before the Court, and some of them are 
very learned and labored. His illustrations in the case of Mitchell 
z's. Warner, in the 2(1 of Connecticut Reports, of the extent of the 
obligations incurred in the covenants of a deed, explained the sub- 
ject to me. when T was ycnmg, better than anything I had Ix^fore 
read on the subject. 

It seemed to be his object to render himself as agreeable as pos- 
sible to the members of the bar, sometimes employing his leisure 
moments on the bench in furnishing prescriptions for human ail- 
ments, such as corns on the toes, and handing them over to such 
members as stood in need of them. Then he wc^uld hand over a 
formula for making, as he said, the best kind of liquid blacking ior 
our boots. In fact, every thing which he had prescribed, he always 
designated as the very best. At one term of the Court, Phineas 
Miner. l"".s(|.. who had lived a widower for several years, was about 
being married, which fact was intimated to the Judge. While he 
sat waiting on the bench for the preparation of some business, he 
spoke out suddenly, "Gentlemen! Is there a vacant cell in your jail? 
Won't it be necessary for me to commit Mr. Miner to prevent his do- 
ing some rash act?" The laugh was thoroughly turned u])on poor 
Miner, and the whole scene was very enjoyable. He employed all 
his leisure hours in obtaining all the relaxation which was within 
his reach. He ])layed on the piano and violin, and sang with great 
])ower and effect. 

There was no perceptible waning of his powers, physical or men- 
tal, during the time of his service on the Court, lie retired from 
the bench at the age of 70 years, in h\'bruary. 1S33, and died, after 
a short ilhu'^s, in less than two \ears thereafter. 

SKIx'.WUk's ADIiUl'.SS 75 

jiiM.i' i'i;'ii;i<s. 

Joliii 'riuinipson I V'lcrs was tin.- senior Associate Jiul.i^c ot llu- 
Court, and he held his first circuit in this County. lie was a native 
t)f Hebron, and a lawyer of respectable standin<^. I lis fellow-citi- 
zens had often honored him willi a seal in the Lej^^islature, and thus 
he had become tolerably well known in the State. When the I'nitefl 
States direct lax was laid in 1S13. he was ai)i)ointed Collector for 
the first district, removed to Hartford, and held that office when 
he was a])|)ointed Judge. He had been one of the leaders of the 
Democratic i)arty from its formation; and. as an l'*])isco|)alian, had 
opposed the claims of the "Standing- Order" to ecclesiastical ijri(jr- 
ity, and some apprehensions were felt lest his well known views on 
these subjects might temper his opinions on those questions inci- 
dentally involving them. Many fears were entertained as to the 
stability of ecclesiastical funds which existed in almost every Con- 
gregational parish, and those who desired to break them down look- 
ed to Judge Peters and his influence with the Court to aid them. 
But those who entertained such hopes were destined to an early dis- 
appointment, as their first experience of his administration on such 
questions showed him to be disposed to stand firml\- on the old 
paths. He used to tell an amusing anecdote relating to his first 
trial of such a case in one of the Eastern Counties of the State, 
wdiere he was appealed to. very strongly, to decide that a jjromise 
to pay money in aid of such funds was without consifleration. I>ut 
he told the parties that the law on that subject was well settled, and. 
in his opinion, founded on correct principles ; and that if he had 
the power, he had not the disposition to change it. It had been the 
practice of the Congregational pastor of the villag-e, to open the 
])roceedings in Court with prayer, but considering Peters to be a 
heretic, (I use the Judge's owni language.) he had never invited 
Divine favor for hi'm. but after that decision, every prayer was 
charged with invocations of blessings upon "fliy sarvcnt. the judi^c." 

He was verv severe in meting out the punishments of the law- to 
convicted criminals, generally inflicting the severest sentence that 
the law would allow. One case was tried before him which excited 
much remark and some reprehension. .\ man had been convicted 
before Judge Lanman of a State prison ofifence, had been sentenced 
to four" vears' imprisonment and had served a part of a year, when 
he obtained a new trial. He was tried again before Judge Peters, 
and again convicted. When the time came to pass sentence on the 
last conviction, his counsel asked for some mitigation on account 
of the imprisonment already sufifered. Said the Judge •"He must 
settle that account with Judge Lanman. He ow-es me five _\ears' 
imprisonment in State prison" — and such was the sentence, (^ne 
prisoner who had received a severe sentence at his hands, after the 
expiration of his confinement, burned the Judge's barn, and he 

76 l.II\"lll'li;i.l) (.(UNTV I'.l-Ntll AM) i:.\R 

pctitidiK'il tlic L<.\L;'i slat lire of the Stale to pax inv it, in iSi :^. l)ut 
they (lechned to make the conipensatidii. 

For a few years, the services of jiul^e Teters on the hench were 
ver\- acceptahle. I lis decisions were i)roiupt, and i^enerally found- 
ed on a sensil)le view of the matter ljefi)re him, without any affect- 
tation of learninq; or (hsplay of oratory. His entire candor and fair- 
ness were never called, in question, and the decay of his powers, 
which was very apparent towards the close of his career, was 
observed by the bar with sorrow and rej^ret. I witnessed an af- 
fecting' scene connected with his e.\])ericnce on the bench, which 
excited a deep feeling- of sym])athy. lie had a favorite son. llugh 
Peters. Esq.. whom he had educated at Vale (.'ollege, and in whom 
all his hopes seemed to centre. This Noung man, in connection 
with George D. Prentice, the noted Editor, had nuich to do in con- 
ducting the Xew England JJ\u^kly Rci'ic^r, a ]iai)er just established 
in Hartford, and which was the organ of the i)arty which elected 
William W. Ellsworth, Jabez W. Huntington, and William L. 
Storrs to Congress. He had acquired a wide reputation as a writer 
of brilliant ])romise. and after a while went to Cincinnati to go into 
business as a lawyer. C)n his way across Long- Island Sound, he 
wrote a Farewell to New England in poetry, which was published 
with great commendation, in most of the news])apers in the country. 
Soon after his arrival at Cincinnati, his dead body was found float- 
ing in the Ohio, several miles below the city, and circumstances were 
such as to create the belief in some minds that it was a case of suicide. 
The intelligence of this sad event was brought to Litchfield while 
the Court of Errors was in session in June. 1831. It was first ct)m- 
municated to Judge Williams, who sat next to Judge Peters ; and he. 
with all possible tenderness, informed the latter. The Reporter. Mr. 
Day, in giving the rejwrt of the case on trial, closing it by saying: 
"Peters, Judge, having received, during the argument of this case, 
intelligence of the death of his son, Hugfh Peters, Esq., of Cincinnati, 
left the Court House, 'inulta geniens casuquc aiuniiim co)u-cssiis,' 
and gave no opinion." I witnessed the mournful scene, and 1 well 
remember the loud and ])laintive groans of the afflicted old man as he 
passed out of the Court room and (l(n\-n the stairway to his lodg- 

When Chief Justice Hosmer retired from the bench, the Legisla- 
ture, by a very strong vote, elected Peters' junior. Judge Dag- 
gett, Chief Justice. He felt the slight, bin did not retire, and held 
his place till his death in August, 1834. A few weeks longer, and 
he would have reached the age of seventy years. 

jriU'-I' C'llAl'MAV. 

The next Judge in seniority was Asa Chapman, of Xewtown, in 
Fairfield County. For several years before he received the appoint- 

Si;i»i'.\\ U'KS AKDKI'.SS yj 

incnl, Ik' ])racticc(l to stuiK' r\tt.MU in llii> Cimnly, and was. <if course, 
well known Iktc. I Ic was llic fallur of ilie laic Charles Chapman c»f 
Hartford. He was somewhat taller than the son, and with his hald 
head, white locks, thin face, and jL^rcy eyes, he resemhlc<l him not a 
little in personal ai)pearance. hut he had noiu' of ihat hitterness of 
manner or S])irit which characterizeil the etil'ons of tiie youn;,^er Cha])- 
man. Ik' was an l''i)i>co]);ilian in religious faith, and he had very 
naturalK fallen into the ranks of the new i)arty. and heinj^ well (|uali- 
tied for the ])lace in ])oint of le.^al ahility. he made a \ery acceptahlc 
and ])oj)ular judj^e. He was a man of ja^ood humor, i^enial tem])er. 
and ,L;reat colloquial ])owers, which he exercised very freely on the 
trial of cases. If a lawyer undertook to ari^ue a case hefore him. 
he soon found himself euf^a^'cd in a friendly, familiar conversation 
with the Judge the evident intent of the latter being to draw out 
the truth and justice of the case. His adminstration was very 
popular, and his early death was greatly de]ilored. He died of con- 
sum])tion in 1820, at the age of fift\-si.\ years. 


Jeremiah Gates Th-ainard, of New London, the father of the poet 
lirainard. w'as next in seniority on the bench. He had been a mem- 
ber of the old Court from 1807 and he was elected to the new Court, 
under the circumstances which I have mentioned. He was a man of 
no showy ])retensions. very plain and simple in his manners, and 
very familiar in his intercourse with the Bar. He alYected very 
little dignity on the bench, and yet he was regarded as an ex- 
cellent Judge. He disi)atched business with great facility, and im- 
plicit confidence was placed in his sound judgment and integrity. 
He resigned his place on the bench in 1829. his health not being 
equal to the duties of the oihce. having served as judge for twenty- 
two vears. 


Of all the judges on the bench. William Bristol of Xew Haven 
was the youngest in years as well as in rank. He had not been 
much known as a lawyer, out of the County of Xew Haven, and. of 
course his coming here was looked for with considerable interest. 
He evidentlv had a high sense of judicial dignity, bis manners on 
the bench being very taciturn, approaching severeness. very seldom 
speaking, except to announce his decisions in the fewest jiossible 
w^ords. and I doubt if any one ever saw him smile in Cc^urt. His 
decisions were sound and w^ell considered and. upon the whole, hi? 
administration was respectable, although he could not be said to 
have had much personal popularity at the bar. 


jriH.l': DACCl-TT. 

The decease of Jiul.ue Chapman and the resig'iiatioti of Judge 
l^ristol in 1826. created two vacancies in the Court which were to 
be filled at the session of the Legislature of that year. The same 
])arty which had effected the change in the government of the state, 
and in the constitution of the Court, was still in i>ower, but nearly 
all the eminent la\\\ers in the State adhered to the federal party. 
Probably the most obnoxious man in the state to the dominant party 
was David Daggett, not so much from personal dislike as from his 
prominence in the ranks of his party. His talents, integrity and 
high legal abilitties were conceeded by everyone, but when the legis- 
lature assembled, there was probably not a man in tlie state who 
looked to his election as a judge. 

There were a few men in the state belonging to the toleration 
])artv who felt deeply the importance of having a rej)utable court, 
and who, on this question, were willing to forego all i)arty considera- 
tion. Morris Woodruff, of Litchfield County, Thaddeus Retts and 
Charles Hawley, of Fairfield County. Walter Booth, of Xew Haven 
County, and Charles J. ]\IcCur(ly, of Xew London County, were 
men of that stamp ; and it was through the influence of these men, 
and of others of less prominence, that David Daggett was elected a 
Judge of the Supreme Court. The same influence, exerted by the 
same men, secured the election of Judges Williams and Bissell, three 
years later. 

After the election of Judge Daggett was effected, no one seemed 
to care who the other judge might be, as with Chief Justice Hos- 
mer at the head of the court, and Judge Daggett as an associate, it 
was felt that it could have a highly respectable character. The 
Hon. James Lanman received the appointment, but after a short 
term of service, resigned. 

An elaborate sketch of Judge Daggett is given in the twentieth 
volume of our reports. 


There were sessions of the Su])eri(jr Court in each year, holden 
on the third Tuesdays of August and February, and the terms rare- 
ly extended beyond two weeks. H they reached to the third week 
they were deemed to be of extraordinary length. The Superior 
Cburt had no original jurisdiction, except as a court of equity. 
All its actions at law came up by appeal from the County Court, 
and generally imi)ortant cases were carried u]) without trial in the 
court below. The i)arty wishing to a])peal his case would demun, 
either to the declaration or ])lea, as the case might be. suffer a 
judgment to be entered against him. and appeal from it and then 

.re. I' ST IS I'KTTiroxii; 

.MKII.\i:i. I-. .MIIJ.S 


WM. G. COli 

SKIM". wick's aukkkss . 79 

chanj^f liis jilca in llic Superior Court as tln' i-xij^cncics of his case 
nia\- rf(|uirf. 'I'lic niakiii;;- of cojMcs in ihc case aijpcalcd was a 
vcrv ])rofitaI)lc item in the business of tlie clerk. All cases at law 
wherein the matter in demand exceeded seventy dollars were ap- 
pealable, and all matters in e(|uity in which the sum involved ex- 
ceeded three hundred dollars were lyrou.nlit orij^dnally to the Su- 
perior Court. In criminal matters the jurisdiction of both courts 
was concurrent, except in crimes of a hi.^her ^rade which were 
tried exclusively in the vSujJcrior Court. A case was pretty certain 
to reach a trial at the second term after it was entered in the 
docket, unless special reasons could ]k- shown for its turlher con- 

TiiK co^^^^■ coikt — jidci-: I'i-ttiijonk. 

The County Court had an important ai(ency in the administra- 
tion of Justice, fifty years ago. Tuder the old form of .y-overn- 
ment it consisted of one judge and four justices of the cpiorum ; 
under the constitution, of one Chief Jud^^e and two ass(;ciale ju(lj,^es. 
When 1 came to the bar Augustus I'ettibone of Norfolk was Chief 
judg-e; Martin Strong, of Salisbury, and John Welch, of Litch- 
field, associate judges. Judge I'ettibone had presided for several 
years in the old court, and although he was a federalist of decided 
convictions, he was continued in office by the party in power until 
he resigned the place in 1832. It will be remembered that the 
judges in this court were apjjointed annually by the legislature. 
Judge Pettibone had a high standing as a man of integrity and of 
sound common sense. His early education Mas deficient and he 
made many grammatical mistakes in his charges to the jury, but 
he had been esteemed, and was a lawyer of respectable attainments. 
He was a native of Norfolk, where he lived to a very great age. 
He was tall and slender in person, somewhat round shouldered 
with hair which was vcrv abundant and which remained so during 
life. N'o one could doui)t the fairness and good sense of his de- 
cisions ; and. upon the whole, his career as a judge was creditable 
to his reputation. 


Martin Strong of Salisbury, was the senior associate judge. 
He was a son of Col. Adonijah Strong of that town, a lawyer of 
the olden time, of whose wit as well as blunders, many stories were 
rife fifty vears ogo. Colonel Strong had four sons all of whom 
entered 'into professional life, two as clergymen and two as law- 
yers. His son, the Rev. William Strong, was father of the Hon. 
William Strong, of Pennsvlvania. recently appointcil an associate 
justice of the Supreme Court of the I'nited States. Our Judge 


Martin Strong- had been ;i niemlKT of tlic bar for several years, but 
had never made a very hii^h mark in his prDtession — in fact he had 
never devoted himself very assiduously to the dischariT;e of its du- 
ties. He owned a large and valuable farm on the town hill in Salis- 
bur\-. and his |)rinci])al business was to attend to that. When he 
came upon the bench he seemed to have a recollection of a few 
plain lei^^al maxims, but his methods of applying- them to cases was 
not always the most skillful. He was a man of immense physical 
dimensions, and when he had taken his seat on the bench, he sat 
in perfect ([uict. until the loud ]>roclamation of the sheritif an- 
nounced the adjournment of the court. He remained in office 
till 1829. when William M. lUirrall, Esq., of Canaan, took his place. 

jiDC.K wKi.cir. 

The junior judge of the court was the Hon. John Welch of 
Litchfield. He was a native of the parish of Milton and a gradu- 
ate of Yale College in the class of 1778, a class which is said to 
have produced more eminent men in proportion to its numbers than 
any other which ever graduated at that institution. Joel FJarlow, 
Zephaniah Swift, Uriah Tracy, Xoah Webster and the last Gover- 
nor Wolcott, with many other distinguished men, were of the class. 

Judge Welch never entered either of the professions, but he 
lived to a very great age. He was appointed a judge of the County 
Court in the place of Cyrus Swan, Esq.. of Sharon, who had re- 
signed his ])osition on the bench of the court in 1819. Judge 
Welch continued on the bench till he became disqualified by age in 
1829. He made no ^pretentions to legal learning but his decisions 
were based on a fair impartial view of the questions as they came 
up. He always gave reasons for the opinion he had formed, al- 
wavs made himself well understood, and his candor, fairness and 
sound judgment were admitted by all. 

jrncKs I'.rRR Ai.i,, woodkii'i' and iuiardmax. 

In 1829, wlien Judge Welch nuist retire on account of his age, 
it was deemed ])roi)er by the legislature to make new api)ointments 
of both associate judges. Judge Strong had been twelve years on 
the bench, and in his place William M. lUuTall, Esq., of Canaan, 
was appointed senior associate judge, and C.en. Morris Woodruff 
took the place of Judge Welch. The court continued thus organ- 
ized till the resignation of Judge Pettibone, when, not only with 
the consent, but with the decided approval of both associate judges, 
David S. I'.oardman. Esq., of New Milford, was taken from the 
bar and installed Chief Judge of the County Court, which as then 
constituted, held a high ])osition in i)ublic contidence. 




The Clerk of llie Court was tlie lli'ii. Frederick Wolcott. who 
was appointed as early as 1781. and who retained the place till 1835. 
when he resij^ned. after a service of forty-four years. He was a 
son of the second, and a brother of the late Governor of that name, 
and undoubtedly cherished hij^hly aristocratic feelinq;s and had a 
great amount of family pride, but his intercourse with the members 
of the bar was gentlemanly and conciliatory. He was of a noble 
presence, large and manly in person, and always dressed in the 
best style of the ancient fashion of small clothes, white stockings, 
and wiiite topped boots. His knowledge of legal proceedings in 
the County, ran back so far that no one ever nresumed to cpiestion 
his accuracy as to legal forms and precedents. When his resigna- 
tion was accepted by the Court, a minute, i)reuared bv ludge Hur- 
rall. which referred to his long and faithful service, ami which con- 


tained the statoiiKni that ni> jiulj^nient of the Court had ever heen 
reversed on account of any mistake of the Clerk, was entered on 
the records of the County Court. lie was a nieni])er of the Gover- 
nor's Council imder the Charter Government, and was continued 
in the Senate for several vears. under the constitution. 


iMoses Seymour, Jr., Es(|., was Sheriff of the County from 1819 
to 1825, hut the active duties of the otlice were performed by his 
deputy, his brother Ozias, who had been a deputy of the old Sheriff 
Landon, and who had become well acquainted with the practical 
duties of the office as they were i)reformed in our County. He 
opened and adjourned the daily sessions, called narties to appear 
in court as their presence was demanded, and. in fact, was the ac- 
tive Sheriff in nearly all the proceeding's. He succeeded his brother 
as Sheriff in 1825, and held the office till 1834. 


Nor must we omit to mention here, the messenger of that day. 
good old Uncle John Stone. How long he had held the place be- 
fore 1820, I know not, but I found him here then, and it took but a 
very short time to make his acquaintance, and learn his kindness 
of heart. He had a kind of dry humor, which sometimes showed 
itself in witt}' sayings, and sometimes in pungent sarcasms. He 
was a faithful messenger, an honest man, and to all human appear- 
ance, a sincere christian. He retained his place till he fell dead in 
the public highway, in 1830, in a fit of apoplexy. 

inSIXl'SS 01' Till", 01, 1) COl'NTV COl'RT 

There were three sessions of the old Comity Court in each year 
in -March, September and December. The Sei)tember term was 
generally short, merely disposing of the criminal business and such 
other ])reliminary matters as could not be passed over. The March 
term lasted three weeks, and the December term from four to six 
weeks, as the business might demand. The first half day was al- 
ways taken u]) in calling the docket. Mr. WOlcott bail his files ar- 
ranged al])habeticall\-. corresi)onding with the entries on the d(^cket 
and of these some member of the bar. usually one of the vounger, 
had charge. The Sheriff took his station in the center of the bar, 

si'.ih'.wuk's addrkss ^3 

and as llic cases were named 1)\ llie Clerk, the ijruper entries were 
made both on the docket and on the tile, and then the file was passer! 
to the Sheriff, who delivered it to the party entitled to it, and thus, 
at the close of the proceedings all the files had passed into the hands 
of the members of the bar where they remained until the case re- 
ceived final disposition. Three Inmdred cases were considered as 
constituting- a small docket and I have known as many as nine 
hundred entered at a single term. 

ADMISSION To Till'. liAU. 

When 1 came to the bar in 1820, there were two grades of law- 
yers in the State. The first admission only authorized the candi- 
date to practice at the County Court, and a service of two years 
was required at that bar before be was allowed an examination for 
admission to the bar of the Superior Court; and I was at the bar 
of the Countv Court for a year or more in expectation of under- 
going another ordeal in the upper Court. In the meantime the 
statutes of the State had been revised under the superintendence of 
Judge Swift and many and material alterations had been made to 
conform the provisions of the law to the new order of things under 
the constitutions. The question came before Judge Rrainard and 
he decided that under the revised statutes an admission to the bar 
of the County Court gave the candidate authority to practice in all 
the Courts in the State, and that decision was assented to by all the 

The matter of examining candidates for admission to the bar 
was. in those days, an imposing solemnity, and the da\- f<^r that 
])roceeding was a' marked day of the term. All the members of the 
bar were expected to be present and few failed of attending. The 
committee of examination occupied the judges seats; the chair- 
man holding the place of the Chief Judge, indicating to each separ- 
ate member of the committee the subject in which he was expected 
to examine the candidate, and thus a thorough and searching ex- 
amination was had. After the examination was closed the candi- 
dates retired, and the members of the bar gave their ojiinions 
seriatim on the question of the admission of the applicant. Some- 
times candidates were rejected. It had been the practice in early 
times to have an entertainment at the close of the examination at 
the expense of the successful candidates, but this had been dispensed 
with when 1 was examined. Stories were told of some eminent 
members of the bar who. on such occasions, indulged in practices 
which were not creditable to their reputation for temperance and 
soliriety. Perhaps it was for this reason that the practice was 

84 i.iTi'ii i-iKi.i) corsTN' i;i;\(.ii wn 11. \r 

I'KAt, I'lCK. 

Statutc^ry i)rcn-isi()iis and the advance of lej^al science, as well 
as a more just sense of wliat is due to the best interest of litifj^ation, 
have made jj^reat clianges in the course of proceedini;s before the 
Courts, durins^ the last fifty years. Then, it was customary for 
counsel to take advantage of any trivial omission which could be 
found in the proceedings, and a case never came to trial until every 
possible efifort for abatement or delay, had been exhausted. Our 
Statute in relation to amendments had not then received so liberal 
a construction, nor was it in itself so liberal in its {provisions as it 
now is ; and thus opportunity was atYorded for the display of much 
ingenuity in the prosecution of dilatory pleas. 

Then, there were no statutory provisions relating to injunctions. 
All the power which the Court had in that matter being that with 
whicii it was invested by the common law as a Court of Equity, and 
hence, very little will be found in our Reports on this subject, until 
about 1826, after the Statute authorizing the judges to grant tem- 
porary injunctions had been passed. This Statute was introduced 
into the legislature by Judge Swift, who was a member for several 
sessions after his retirement from the bench. Since then many 
cases relating to this branch of jurisprudence, have been before our 

Probablv more than half the suits commenced in our County 
Courts, fifty years ago, were brought to enforce the collection of 
debts, and in some localities this was. a profitable business. The 
County Court then had jurisdiction in all cases where the matter 
in demand exceeded the sum of fifteen dollars, and this brought into 
it a great number of suits now tried by single justices, and accounts 
for the great diminution in the number of cases now brought here. 

Piles of learning were devoted to destruction by the edict of the 
legislature, admitting parties and other persons in interest to be 
heard as witnesses. The nicest and most refined legal questions 
were frequentlv brought before the Courts for decision in matters 
relating to the interest of witnesses, but now they are almost for- 
gotten l)y the most learned of the ])rofession. 

Till'; ArTllORlTIKS TllKX IX rsic. 

The Statutes then in force were the Revision of 1808, by far the 
most elaborate and comjjlete of any ever published. It contains 
a complete history of the legislation of Connecticut on all subjects 
of statutory enactment from the first, and is still a useful book for 
studv bv the i)rofessi()n. The principal labor of its preparation for 
])ublication was performed by 'I'homas Day. 

Comparatively few American authorities were cited in our 

si'.i". wick's aiiI)Ui:ss 85 

Courts, tlu'ii. Mr. I )ay li;ul |>ul)lisli(il tdiir \iiluiiies of I );i_\ "> \\c- 
ports. and llun had suspended lurtlK-r ])nl)li(.-atioii U)r want of en- 
couraj^emenl. The [.e.^islattu"e. in 1S15, had authorized the Cotirt 
to a])])oint a Keporter, and had <;i\en him a salary. L'nder such an 
ap])ointinent. Mr. l)a\ had eoiniueiiccd i>ul)Hshin;4' the C'onneetienl 
Reports, and had puhlished three \dhiiius ot them, when he ]nihhsh- 
ed the fifth of Day. thus fillin;;- the .L;ap hetween the f<nirth of Hay 
and the first of Connecticut, 'i'he X. ^■. l\e])orts. l)y Caine and 
ji)hnsGn, down to the 12th of h>hns<m, and twelve volumes of the 
Massachusetts Reports, were out, and these, with our Reports, were 
about the onl\- American authorities which were citrd in our Courts 
Nt)t a sini^le American elementary work had then been puhlished. ex- 
cept Swift's v^ystem and Swift's l^vidence. The hji,t;lish Reports from 
r.urrows down, including;- Doui^las'. Cow])er's, Term, and JCast's 
Rei)()rts. down to the 12th \'olume, with lUackstone's Commentaries, 
which were always on the table, wert' the stai)le authorities of the 
times. 1 remark in passint;-, that Jnd,L;e Reeve said that he consider- 
ed Cowper's Reports the best that had then been published of die 
decisions of the Cinu^t of King's bench. 

lUit it is time to speak of the warriors in those bhjudless forensic 
battles which were fought on this field, fifty years ago. They are all 
fresh in my memory, but they have i)asse(l from the stage of life. 
I have delayed this part of m\- undertaking to the last moment, from 
the mere dread of entering upon it. I feel it to be a very difficult 
task to present the lawyers of those days to the ])rofessi(jn now. in 
anything like their just attitude. Men of the highest attainments at 
the bar are entirely different from each other. Many little things 
which cannot be detailed enter into the C()m])osition of ihe characters 
of different men. The same qualities mingle in unecpial proportions 
in different persons and I feel embai rassed in every way as I ap- 
proach the task of speaking of the j^rofessional gentlemen who 
manned the post of duty on this field, fifty years ago. 

There were then, as now, two clases of the profession here. One 
class had a local practice, being i)rincipally engaged in causes arising 
in their immediate locality. The practice of the other class was 
co-extensive with the power of their ability and not always confined 
to the countv — of this later class there were several here. 

1 1 DCi': Conn. 

The Honorable James Gould had undoubtedly stood at the head 
of the profession in this state, both as an advocate and a lawyer, 
previous to his elevation to the bench of the Supreme Court, .\fter 
his retirement from that position he professed to have retired from 
practice, and devoted himself principally to giving law lectures to 


stiuk-nts, Inn in two cases in this count) , and one in I lartford Countv, 
he came to the bar and conducted the trials. ( )ne was the case of 
the Phoenix Bank against Governor Wolcott and others, in wliich 
the Governor endeavored to avoid i)ayment of a debt for wliich he 
was only a surety, on the grounds of usury. It was a proceeding 
in equity, and the argument of Judge Gould was exceedingly able and 
elaborate. He occasionally indulged in keen, cutting sarcasms, 
which pointed strongly to the Honorable defendant who was present. 
His argument was what Cotton Mather would call "(/ htciilcnt com- 
mentary" on the law of usury. The case was decided in favor of 
the Bank. 

The other was a trial to the jury in which a very intimate friend 
of Judge Gould was a party, and in this case his professional emi- 
nence was exhibited in a very striking manner. In his argument 
he was entirely unimpassioned. and remarkably clear in his illustra- 
tions. He stood much of the time with his hand on a book, which 
stood on one end. on the table before him. and I do not remember 
that he made a single gesture during the whole time of his argu- 
ment. He occupied the attention of the court and jury for an hour 
and a half, and it was the last case he tried. He was a perfect master 
of the most effective method of delivery. Tn his written opinions 
while on the bench there is sometimes an involution of thought and 
language as well as a prolongation of sentences which renders neces- 
sary the strictest attention while reading to work out the true mean- 
ing, but in his oral deliveries he had such a perfect mastery of the 
laws of accent, emphasis and cadence as to make his meaning in- 
telligible to the most careless hearer. The exhibition of his ability 
in this case was an appropriate closing eft'ort of a long- career of high 
])rofessional eminence. 

There were a few other members of the bar, not reaching the 
eminence of Judge Gould, yet whose practice was co-extensive with 
the countv and extended sometimes into other counties. The names 
of the following gentlemen now occur to me as belonging to that 
class: Xoah 15. Benedict, Asa Bacon. Elijah Sterling. David S. 
Boardman and Phineas Miner. I have not included the name of 
Jabez W. Huntington, for the reason that he was then a young man 
and had not, by any means, reached the high standing which he 
afterwards attained. He was engaged in very nian\ of the cases 
tried, but very often as a volunteer in aid of some young beginner 
who had sought his hel]), which imder such circumstances he was 
always willing to render. For the same reason I ha\e omitted the 
late Chief Justice Church because he was then just beginning to 
obtain a good i)rofessional standing, and was called to the bench of 
the Supreme Court which he afterwards greatly adorned before he 
had obtained the high rank as a lawver which otherwise surely 
awaited him. 


NOAH l:. I'.i; N I'.DU' 


I'' 1-0111 in\ Ik'sI ixcolk'ctioii of tin- ^Uiiidin^ of llie tirst lawyers 
at llic bar in those oldni tiiiu-s. I am inrliiu'd to award the first place 
as an advocate to Xoah li. I'.enedict. I \v had every advantage wdiicli 
a fine personal a])pearance could ,^ive him, not very tall, Init well 
proportioned, with a countenance of j^reat beauty, indicatinj^- kind- 
ness of fcelin,!:;- and intelli.nence of mind. Mis ars^uments i)roduce<l 
conviction in the minds of the triers more by insinuation than by 
inifyrcssion. lie was earnest, Init seldom im|)assioned, nnld and 
winning- in his manner, and thus worked his way as by stealth to 
the heart and convictions of the court and jury. I remember a case 
on trial in which he was opposed by l>oardman ; and IJenedict. whf) 
was for the defendant on the trial, contested the points inch by inch 
as they arose in the case. Durinj;- an intermission some one asked 
r.oardman how they were fi:ctting- alono; with their case. I le r<i)lied 
impatientlv, "Not verv well. Benedict is as ingenious as the devil 
can make'him, and he plagues us to death." He was engaged in 
nearlv all the important cases tried in all the courts, and his i^ractice 
was extensive in New Haven and Fairfield counties. He attended 
the session of the Supreme Court at Litchfield in 1831 and argued 
several cases, but left on account of illness before the term closed. 
In a short time I heard he was dead. He had reached the age of 
sixtv-one years. Tn the case of Fairnuin vs. Ihicon the last case 
but one which .Mr. r.enedict argued. Judge Daggett, in giving the 
opinion of the court, pays the following tribute to his memory: "I 
have, in this opinion, made great use of a brief furnished by the late, 
lamented Air. Benedict, because I found it presented the argument 
in that terse, vet luminous view of which that gentleman was so 
conspicuous, and by which the court were so often instructecl and 
enli'ditened, and rarelv more so than in this, one of his last efYorts." 


Asa Bacon was a native of Canterbury and came to Litchfield as 
earlv as 1806. after a short period of practice at East Haven, and. 
for a while, was a partner of Judge Ciould. In 1820 he had become 
a leading si)irit at the bar. He had a fine personal appearance, being 
tall and well proportioned, and usually richly dressed. The first 
time I saw him before the jury his head was well cased in powder 
and pomatum, and a long (jueue was dangling at his back; but he 
soon laid aside this conformitv to old time fashions, although he was 
the last member of the bar to do so. He was undcnibtedly a very 
hard student, and his briefs were the result of extensive and faithful 
studv, but was after all an interesting speaker. He would S(Mnetnnes 

88 i.rrciii'iKi.i) coini'N' r.KNCii and war 

interlude his ar_i;uiiunls with spcciiiicns of (h'dlk-ry and tlashes of 
wit. antl the expectation that these would be i)ut forth secured a very 
strict attention from all his hearers, lie fre(|uently (|uote(l passages 
of scripture, and commented upon them, not always irreverently, 
but sometimes with rather unbecoming- levitw He was a mortal 
enemy of universal sutfras^e. and once in coninientini; upon the ])ara- 
ble of talents he called the bailee of one talent who had hid it in 
the earth a iiini'crsal suffroiic man. He was a genial, jolly, com- 
panionable man. and although not addicted to excessive liberality 
in his benefactions, still ke])t himself in good standing while he re- 
mained here. When he had reached the age of sixty years he was 
api)ointed president oi the IJranch of the Phoenix lUmk. located in 
Litchfield, and after that was never seen ])rofessionally engaged in 
Court. The last years of his life were s])ent in Xew Ihnen where 
he died at a very advanced age. 


General Elisha Sterling was a native of Lyme and a graduate of 
Yale College in the class of 1787. He studied law with the Hon. 
John Canfield of Sharon, who was his father-in-law, and settled in 
Salisbury in 1791. He was a man of high order of talent, and had 
he addressed himself solely to professional points would probably 
have stood at the head of the bar in this county. Hut he loved 
mone}' and gave much of his time to different kinds of business, 
and ac(|uired great wealth for those times. Notwithstanding this 
])roi)ensity he had an extensive practice and was engaged in most of 
the cases coming from the northern portions of the county. He 
was a ready speaker, not very select in the choice of words and 
not elocjuent by any established rule of elocution, but there was a 
kind of impetuosity in his manner, accompanied by a rapid but dis- 
tinct utterance of language which gave him popularity as an advo- 
cate. He was ai)pointed State's Attorney in 1814. and held the 
otlice six years when Seth l\ Ikers, Esq.. was appointed in his place. 
He retired from practice soon after, and died in 1836. at the age of 
seventy-two years. His wealth enabled him to indulge the strong'- 
taste he had for a handsome style of living and e(|uipage. and in 
that direction liis mind had stroni>' aristocratical tendencies. 


David S. r.oardman was a native of Xew Milford and settled 
there in the practice of law after bis admission Ui the bar in 1795. 

si'.iii'.wn'K s \i>iiui:ss 89 

III' was a man of ri-tiriiiL; disposilioii. 111 \\>< way K'^''".^ sliowy dis- 
play (if his powcTs, 1)iu Ik' was a finished legal scholar, and was 
(k'cnicd a vcrv safe- and prndcnt iirofcssional adviser. I ie ha<l a very 
nice literary taste, and llie least grammatical blunder hy a ]\u\\^(: >>r 
lawyer attracted his attention and fre«|uently his ridicule, i lis argu- 
ments were iK)inted S])ecimens of ])erspicuity. precision and force. 
hut he failed to attract much attention as an advocate through a 
defect of vocal jxiwer. Mis voice was fe-hle and could scarcely 
he heard except hy those who were near him. He had a high char- 
acter for moral rectitude, and his four or five vears service at the 
head of the County Court gave it a dignil\ and moral ])ower which 
in other vears it had scarcely obtained. Sketches from his i)cn. 
descriptive of some of the nieml)ers of the bar in this County of the 
last century were published in one of our county papers, .some 
twenty vears ago. and they are of the deei)est interest to those whose 
tastes lead them in that direction of historic in(|uiry. They were 
originally in letters written to myself, and were afterwards with his 
consent prepared for the press and published in the i)ai)er and m 
l)amphlet form. He was a College classmate of Asa P.acon and 
thev were warm personal friends. He lived to the great age of 
ninetv-seven vears. 

I'll IN HAS mim:k. 

Phineas Miner, the last because the youngest of the class of 
lawvers to whom I have referred deserves a much more extended 
notice than T shall be able to give him. His amiable and genial 
temper as a man seemed to make him very poi)ular as a lawyer. 
Fidelitv to his client and a laborious attention to their interests was 
a marked trait in his professional career. He commenced practice 
in Winchester, his native town, and had there acquired a good stand- 
ing in his profession when he came to Litchfield in \S\C^. He had 
an extensive practice and was noted for the diligence with which 
he pressed everv point, however unimportant, which could Ik- made 
to tell in favor of his client. His arguments were generally ex- 
tended to a great length, and I have known him to receive a gentle 
hint from the Judge recommending a condensation of his thoughts. 
1 le died in 1839 at the age of sixty years, and Mr. Day. the Reporter, 
gives a flattering estimate of him in a tVK)t note on the 134th page 
of the 13th volume of Connecticut Reports. 

I am now to speak of a class of lawyers, much younger than those 
to whom 1 have already referred, but who had obtained a good 
standing at the bar fifty years ago. 

90 i.n\iii-"ii:i.i) c'orxTv p.KNcir .wn bar 


Of New Hartford, stood as hiji^h as any nicnihcr (^f this class. He 
belonged to tlie eminent and reputable VVilliains family of Massachu- 
setts, bis father being a nephew of Colonel Ephriam Williams the 
founder of Williams College, and himself the first cousin of Bisliop 
Williams of the Itpiscopal Church of Connecticut. As a special 
pleader he had no superior at the bar. He had a tolerably fair stand- 
ing as an advocate, and was indefatigable in i)ursuing to the last 
p>ossible efifort any purpose he had undertaken. If lie failed in one 
form of action he would try another, and never gave up till further 
persistence was hopeless. He commenced business as a lawyer in 
Sharon, where he married, but after a few years he removed to New 
Hartford, where he remained during liis life. He had scarcely 
reached the age of sixtv ^•ears when he died. 


Of Woodlniry, his native town, was a lawyer of ver_\' fair standing. 
I remember once to have heard Judge I>oardman say, that if he 
found Jolin Strong differing from himself on a point, he always 
doubted the correctness of his own conclusions. He was a ready 
speaker and had a peculiar habit of looking all over the hall, fre- 
quently directly behind himself, while he was addressing the jury. 
His arguments were clear and logical, and he was always listened to 
by the court with attention. He had scarcely reached the age of 
fiftv vears when he died. 


Of Plymouth, had a very good reputation as a lawyer. He also 
stood well with his fellow citizens of Plymouth, as he was often a 
member of the legislature, and he was of the convention of this 
state. He was also a member of the Senate in 1832. He had a part 
in all cases which came from that town and managed a trial very 
well. He was earnest in liis manner of addressing the jm\v, and he 
was in full practice up to the time of his death, when he had 
reached the age of seventy-two years. He died suddenly, while 
awav from home, and left behind a good record as a faithful law- 
yer and an honest man. 


( )f Stonington, came to the bar of this county in iJijH. lie settled 
in Sharon, and continued in full practice for twenty years. He was 

SKl)r.V\ UK S ADDKKSS ()l 

appointed a jndj^f ot tlic county conn in iSiS, and nappoiiilc-d for 
the succec(lin<4" year. l)ut rcsij^ninj^- the olhcc l)C'forc the close of the 
term. His heahh Ijccominj^- intolerant of sedentary habits and re- 
quiring' out-door ])ursuits, he never resumed full practice, althouj^h 
he occasionally a])i)eared in trials where liis (»ld friends (lemanfled 
his aid. His ar<(uments were clear, sound and sensible, and were 
listened to with attention, liis mind was w'cll stored with sound 
lejj^al maxims and his aim seemed t(.) be to make a sensible a]j])lica- 
tion of these to the case in hand, lie died in iS:^5 ;it the ajjj-e of 
sixtv-five vears. 


A younger brother of the General, with whom he studied law. 
settled first in Salisbury, but in 1808 went to Sharon, where he s])ent 
his life. His talents were diversified, addictino- himself readily to 
any pursuit which was a source of money making, in which he was 
very successful. As a lawyer, his forensic ability was of high 
order, nor was he deficient in legal science. His language flowed 
readily and rapidly, and sometimes his appeals to the jury were very 
effective. He was a member of Congress for two terms, and did 
not conceal his disappointment that he was not nominated for the 
third. That compliment was afforded him two years later, but he 
was defeated by Orange Merwin whom the federalists had placed 
on their ticket. He died at the age of seventy-two years, leaving a 
large estate and a numerous family. 


Of Winsted, who died recently in Michigan at a very advanced age, 
was a man of moral talent and of a higher order of legal acquire- 
ments than he usually had credit for. After the removal of Mr. 
Miller to Litchfield, his practice was large and continued to be so for 
several years. His arguments w^ere short, compact and logical, 
and W'Cre listened to with attention and interest. Tn middle life he 
removed to Michigan, wdiere he had a prosperous career. 

wn.i.LWi :nl iu'rrall, 

A native, and through life a resident, of Canaan, was a lawyer of 
very extensive practice in one branch of business. He commenced 
a great manv cases to the court, but never argued cnie on the final 

92 I.I'lX'ill'IKI.I) C'OlN'l'N' liKXCII AND 1!AR 

trial. He would sometimes argue motions for continuance, or for 
other puriitx'ies, and his success on such occasions showed that he 
had untlerrated his own powers. Although he did not argue his 
cases he was the master spirit in managing all the details of the trial, 
in what order witnesses slu)ul(l be called, and the ])oints of testi- 
mony brought out. llis associates depended greath on his skill 
in C(mducting this part of the proceedings, lie had a kintl, atTt'able 
and wimiing way in his social intercourse, and his offices were em- 
ployed in adjusting and settling legal controversies. He acted as 
committee and arbitrator in more cases than any other member of 
the bar of his time, and if a desire to make himself as inditYerent as 
possible to all parties sometimes seemed to hc^ld him back from de- 
cisive action, he always, in the end, showed true firmness and in- 
tegrity. He was an associate judge of the County Court from 1829 
to 1836. and after that chief judge for ten }ears. He died at the 
a<j:e of seventv-seven vears. 

C(M,0.\I-:i. WII.I.IA.M COC.C.SWKI.I.. 

Of New Preston, a very worthy and respectable gentleman, was a 
member of the bar and was very seldom absent from the courts, 
He never engaged in the trial of a case, and very seldom spoke to 
the bench, but he was always a busy man in the court room. He was 
one of the electors who cast the vote of Connecticut for John Quincy 
Adams for President in 1824. He died before he had reached a very 
advanced age. 


W hen I came to the bar in 1820. Seth 1'. Peers. Esq., was in full 
practice. He was appointed State's Attorney soon after, but resign- 
ed in three years, having been appointed Commissioner of the 
ScIkm)] Fund, which othce he held for twenty-five years. I have 
heard him say that some terms of the Court he had commenced as 
many as one hundred and fifty cases, and he was very thorough in 
all matters committed to his trust. His talents as an advocate were 
respectable, his briefs being ver\- full and his knowledge of every 
minute point being very complete. It is hardly necessary to speak 
further of him as he lived down to a i:)eriod within the memory of 
most of those who are ])resent. 

'\:]i\i\ SM I 'I'll, 

( )f .\ew .Miltord, held a somewhat pi"onunent i)lacc at the bar and 
his practice was extensive. So many different estimates have been 

si; Til p. HKKRS 

si'.iH.wit. K s \iii)Ki:ss 93 

iiiailc III Mr. Smith's i\al (|ualilii'S, ilial il is (litlicull to si)ual< of him 
with any vtiy stionp^ assurance (tf correctness. That he had talents 
and friends the success he achieved 1)()th as a lawyer and a politician 
render certain, hut those whn renieniher the time of his professional 
experience, here, know that he had enemies, and such would be the 
natural result <>i the unrelenting- bitterness with which he ])ursued 
his adversaries in his elTorts before the courts. There was a bitter- 
ness in his invectives, a ])ersistence in his jtersecutions, an ini])laca- 
bility in his enmities, which gave a decided character to his ])ri)- 
fessional career, and which insured him the enmity of all aj^ainst 
whom his eti'orts were directed, lie was always listened to with a 
kitiil of inquisitiveness as to what new fountain of bitterness he 
would oi)en, or what new invectives he would invent to ])our out 
u])on his adversary. 'J'hese were sometimes directed a.^ainst the 
opposing party, and u])on the whole he incurred a great amount of 
hatred. 1 am only speaking of what occmT'jd in cnurt. and express- 
ing the opinion which we would form in witnessing his professional 
conflicts. It cannot be doubted that he had many friends and sup- 
porters outside of this scene of action and it is not likely that he was 
as warm and constant in his friendshi]) as he was bitter and unre- 
lenting in his hatreds. After his election to the United States Senate 
he retired from the bar and was very seldom seen here. 

ko(;i:r mills 

Of Xew Hartford, was at one time a i)artner of Mr. Williams, of 
whom we have alread\- spoken, from whom he ditTered in every re- 
si)ect except that both held the position of honorable and worthy 
gentlemen. Mr. Mills was slow in his conception of thoughts, slow 
in all the movements of mind, and very slow in his delivery of his 
arguments, and vet when all his duties in a case were accomplished 
it would be seen that he had made a creditable efTort and that he 
was far from being a lawyer of indifferent pretensions. His son of 
the same name succeded him in the practice of law at Xew Hartford. 
but has since moved to Wisconsin where he has had a successful 


Of Norfolk, was a somewhat i)rominent member at the bar, not 
because he had verv much legal ability, but because he had the tact 
to make much show out of little substance. He never attempted to 
argue cases in the higher courts, but on the trial of motions as they 
came before the Courts, he was very iirominent. We all thought 

si'.ix.vtu'k's .\I)I)i<i>s 95 

iiicinhcT of ihc k'.^islatuii-. wlicix- lie a .L;n<>(l >liai"c <>i iiitluciice. 
lie was usualK chairman of tlic CDiniiiitlcc on divorces ami his re- 
ports in such cases were ver\ interestinL;-. He was a man of ^^,,,,(1 
common sense and ac(|uitted liimself creditahl\- as a ju<l^e, hut his 

powers faileil wiih his adxancin- lil'c and he lived for several years 
in i-oniparati\e oliscuritx. 


There were two lawyers in Kox])ury hfty years ap^o, Isaac Leaven- 
worth and Royal R. llituiian, who made a considerable show of busi- 
ness before the courts, but who retired from practice in the course 
of a few vears. Mr. Leavenworth went into other business in Xew 
Haven where it is said he has been ver\ successful and is still livinj^^ 
at a very advanced a^e. Mr. 1 tinman lield the ollice of Sec- 
retary of State for eij;ht years, and published several pann)hlets con- 
tainino- the statistics of many of the most prominent families in the 

josi-i'ir II. i!r:i.[..\.MV 

Of r.cthlehem. deserves more than a i)assin.o- tribute. He was a 
g-randson of the celebrated divine of tliat name and was a man of 
o-reat moral worth. TL' never had a very extensive practice as a 
lawver. but was much imi)loyed in various i)ranches of public busi- 
ness, lie was frequently a member of the les^islature. and once rep- 
resented the sixteenth district in the Senate. He died in middle 
life, and all. of all names and i)arties. i)ay him the tribute of an 
affectionate and respectable remembrance. 


Of Goshen, his native town, removed to Chenan.uo County, \. ^ .. 
about 1823. He graduated at Williams College in 180^) with the 
highest honors of his class. He was a remarkably well read lawyer, 
and had a respectable standing as an advocate. He attained to 
eminence in his profession in the State of Xew ^'ork. He died 
some twent\ \ears since. 

9^ I.ITCII1-Ii:i.|) idlNTN' I'.i:N(,'11 AM) I'.AR 

^■(»iNc. M i:m i:i:ks Ol" \'\\\'. UAU. 

In 1820 there were several }H)uni;' inenil)ers of the l)ar who had 
just commenced practice, some of whom afterwards became eminent, 
antl two of them, Truman Smith, and his cousin Xathaniel P>. Smith 
still survive, llesides these there were (rcors^e Wheaton, Leman 
Church, David C. Sanford, Xathaniel Terry of Xew Milfor<l. and 
William S. Holahird. These all lived to a period within the memory 
of man\- now in practice here. Perry died at an earlier date than 
either of the others and left a family, but he was still a yountJ- man 
when he was called away. Sanford became judg'e of the Supreme 
Court and was greatly respected for his eminent fitness for the place. 
\\ heaton was celebrated for the great skill with which he prei)ared 
his cases for trial, and his arguments, homel\ in st\le, and common- 
place in nunhod, were listened to with great attention. They were 
often charged with dry shots of wit which told upon his adversary 
and excited merriment with the bar. 


Obtained quite a celebrity for his legal acumen and sharp points of 
character. If a lawyer is to be deemed successful in proj^ortion 
to the number of cases in which he wins he w-as far from being a 
successful lawyer. I am inclined to think t!iat the spirit of forensic 
combativeness, which seemed to possess the whole man, led him 
sometimes to advise groundless prosecutions and to encourage 
groundless defences. He wanted to fight, no matter whether for 
the right or wrong, and the conse(|uence was that he lost more 
cases in proportion to the whole nunil)er in which he was engaged 
than anv other lawyer at the bar. Still, nobody could deny that he 
l^ossessed eminent shrewdness and sagacity as a lawxer, as well as 
forensic abilitv of ver\- high order. 

Ull.l.lAM S. IKd.AI'.iKD. 

A native of Canaan, jiracticed in Colebrook, but sjjent most ot his 
life in Winsted. lie ])ossessed talents which might have given him 
prcjminence and distinction as a lawyer had he devoted himself 
strictly to professional a\'ocalions, l)ut he addicted himself more to 
other pursuits than to that, lie was Lieutenant Governor for two 
years, and for a short time L'nited States Attorney for the District 
of Connecticut, and 1 never heard any complaint of his want of fit- 
ness f(jr either ])osition. lie ex])erienced various fortunes in his 
worldlv atTairs, being sometiines poor and sometimes rich. .\1 

■■jrt;^. . 's,., 

'i ^^ 

TK U.MAN S -Ml Til 

si;i>i.\vn k's \i'iiKi:ss 97 

lii> iK'.'itli, wliiili (nn-iinrd soon afte-r Ik- rcaclk-'i ihc age of fifty 
\cars, he left a liamlsoDH' estate to his family. 

There were a lew \ouiil; iiuinher> of the har in I.S20 who died 
after, a short eareer, some of wliom wert' jnohahly never heard of 
b\- the meml)ers of this i^eneration. Their names now occur to me: 
Homer Swift of Kent: i'hilo X. Ileaeock of New M 11 ford ; and 
Clianncey Smitli of Sharon. These started in professional life with 
ardent hojjes and fair prospects of success. l)ut their career was soon 
cut short 1)\' <leath. 

(■.I'.ORC.K S. 1!0.\KI)MAN'. 

Son of the Hon. I'.lijah I'.oardman of Xew Milford, was admitted 
to the bar in 1821. He was a youns;- man of decided promise and 
was a special favorite of his uncle Jud.^e IJoardman. When 1 visit 
Xew Milford 1 observe, still standint^, the brick hrc ])roof ollice 
wdiich his father built for him, but he lived only a few months after 
taking^ possession of it. and his tleath was greatly lamented through- 
out the community. His eiTorts at the bar gave i)roof of decided 
talent and he had made himself a special favorite among the mem- 


The whole history of this bar for the last fifty years, teems with 
pleasant recollections. As a whole, it has a reputation for high 
toned integrity and professional comity among its members which 
is very much to its credit. If there have been instances of profes- 
sional delinquency. the_\- have been so rare as to have made no luark 
on the record of the times. 

I have now spoken, to as great an extent as the tinie will allow. 
of the men who flourished in this temi)le of justice fifty years ago. 
I have no time to give expression to thoughts wdiich come up. w ith 
great urgencv for utterance, upon such an occasion as this, or to 
review the history of the last fifty years in any other relation than 
those which appertain to the administration of justice here. The 
progress of human afl^'airs during that period, towards their final con- 
summation, has been marked with great changes and vicissitudes. 
What shall be their development during the fifty years to come, can 
be of ver\- little personal interest to me. I cherish the hope that 
this bench' will continue to be occupied by judges of integrity. al)ihty 
and of high judicial aptitudes, and that this bar will continue to be 
adorned witli members whose pure lives and eminent attainments 
shall make their position one of honor and usefulness. 

98 I.lTCllI'Ii:i.l) COI'NTV r.l-Ntll AM) i:.\R 

Standinj^ liere aUnic. the only menilxT of this bar who has been 
in ])ractico for fifty years. 1 take pleasure in exi)ressins;- to my 
brethren of more recent experience the deepest i^ralitude for the 
jileasant and friendh- relations they have i)ermitte<l me to enjoy with 
them durini^ the whole of our acquaintance. Wy their kind amenities 
and the fa\x)r of the indices, the rays of my evenini:; sun have fallen 
upt)n me softer than did those of my noonday. These i)recious 
remembrances will remain with me as Ions.;- as I have consciousness. 
and in conclusion I sa\- to my brethren, not as a thoui^htless wish, 
but as an honest j^rayer — ma\ (lod bless you. each and all. 

atnct's E^mmiseucea 




deliverp:d at the 


NOVEMBER 18, 1898 




Reminiscences of Litchfield County Bar. 

Mr. Cli:iiniiaii and ^rntk'nicn n\ ilic I'.ar. I lliaiik \i»u all sin- 
ccrcK that I am i)cniiilt(.'(l tn ]k- present mi this occasion, and the 
effort would require l)etter lanj;ua,i;e than I can e.xpress to tell you 
of niv ^-ratitude at your kind rece])tion. 

If ! understand the purport <if what is expected of me on this 
evenini;- it is that I shall i^ive m\ reminiscences of the liar, of the 
sayings and doings of the dead who have passed hefore me. As a 
preliminary matter T wish to call \onr attention to an earlier period 
in mv life'in relation to the .^reat inroails made hy the Legislature 
of tlie State of Connecticut upon the ancient laws. Fifty years 
ago last .\])ril. through a rupture in the democratic party in vSalis- 
hurv to which I helonged, a faction. I ought to say. not heing identi- 
fied with either, but attending to my own business rather than to any 
political aspirations, I was urged to stand for the nomination for 
representative to the House: T did so. was elected and l)ecame a 
member of the Legislature which held its session in May, i<S49. 
Fortunately or unfortunatel}- 1 was electetl. in my 29th year, although 
at that time I was considered a very youthful man to legislate for the 
people of the State of Connecticut. Lafayette Foster, the distin- 
guished gentleman, state senator and judge of the Superior Court, 
was the Speaker of the House ; 1 Ion. Charles J. McCurdy aft^erwards 
minister to Austria and a judge of the Superior ^and Supreme 
Courts, was Lieut. Covernor and ])resided over the Senate. I was 
highly honored, without any solicitation on my part, by beings ap- 
pemited on the Judiciary Committee. Of course T had to go to the 

tail end of it, a very |)roi)er jjlace lor me. 

^^Ir. Huntington: — I'.iU that tail wagged the dog. 
Mr. Warner:— A\ell, 1 will tell you about the dog later. Jn 
the year 1847, three distinguished men in this state hadjieen ap- 
pointed a committee to revise the statutes of the state. That com- 
mittee consisted of Governor :\linor, afterwards a Superior Court 
judge. Judge Loren P. \\'aldo and Francis Fellowes. a lawyer, keen 
and shrewd, of Hartford, on that committee. The very first thing 
that was referred to our judiciary committee was the report of this 
revision committee, and our very first subject were the details of 
that report. Thev appeared before us at our first sitting. .\nd al- 
low me to sav right here, that chief-justice Butler of Xorwalk. then 
state senator', was the chairman of that judiciary committee. 1 he 
revision committee had drafted one or two laws which they wished 
the judiciary committee would see were oft'ered in the Legislature 

i(;2 \\ \nm;k s K'i;.M IN isi'i;\ii:s 

and passed so that it inii^ht be inc()r])i>ratcd in the rcxision which 
would he ])ublishc'd that year. 

'Phis was only an act permit tin;;- and authorizing, in a suit between 
parties, that the parly in (piestion she mid ha\e the pri\ik\i^e of call- 
ing upon the opi)osite party as a witness to testit'\ tn the facts that 
he might inquire about. Jn<l,U'e Waldo was alsn on the judiciary 
committee, repesenting Tolland. The distinguished William \\'. 
Eaton w^as his colleague in the House. 1, being the first at the tail 
end of the committee, was called upon after the discussion to give 
my opinion. The opinion which I gave T had a long time under 
consideration in relation to the law of witnesses and parties inter- 
ested being permitted to testif}'. Chairman liutler called upon me 
to give my opinion. 1 said distinctly, (it was in the presence of the 
revision committee also) that I was opposed to any such law. They 
had said to me it was a copy of an Act that had l)een passed in the 
State of New York, a recent statute there, and I gave my reason 
as being opposed to it. one great reason was this, that an honest 
party might be compelled by a scoundrel to testify to a fact that 
would be damaging to him unless he had the same ability to testify 
himself. And 1 was in favor of going further, I was. in favor of 
passing an Act wdiich would sweep away and wipe out that century- 
old doctrine and permit ever}- man. party or interested witness in 
any form, to tell his story before a court and jury, that justice might 
be done. I said further "look over your Connecticut reports and 
you will find decision after decision where questions have gone up 
to the Supreme Court to ascertain wdiether there was a shred of 
interest in the witness that testified before the court. I said to 
them "we have the action of account in wdiich witnesses are permitted 
to testify ; we have the action of book debt in which all parties may 
testify, and how many cases will you find in the re])orts in this state 
wdiere the question is laid before them whether an action which was 
brought in book debt did not properly belong in an action of general 

Well, the next gentleman was the late Mon. John \\ C. Mather 
of Xew London who sat at my right. He concurred with me. and 
so it went around from lawyer to law\er and laymen, we had an 
excellent layman there, he did royal work, and it was passed unani- 
mously witli the exception of judge Waldo, wdio said: "1 am in 
favor of the law, but we trie<l it last year in the Legislature and it 
could not ])ass and the ])eoi)le are not ready for it. and I have con- 
cluded that the next best thing to do is to adopt the law of Xew 
York." Well, there was then in the House a man named Peck of 
Xew Haven, a brilliant man. a lawyer by education and a leader 
of the Whig side; there was Trumbull, later ('.o\ernor. there was 
the elder Charles Cha])man who were leaders from Hartford, there 
was Channcex' Cleveland, l^x-Covernor, a i)ower anywhere, his name 
ami his fame are known to \-ou all; \])vvv was William W. I'.aton 

\VAK\i;!< s ki.M rsiscKN'fKS 103 

also. Well, I was fmally inslnuled 1)\ the cliairinan, Ju'l;;c liullcr 
to draw up a bill and have it presented. 1 drew the bill wliicii 
was introduced in the i louse or Senate, I forget which, it ininiedi- 
atelv passed the judiciary committee, and was intr(jduced into the 
House, and also in the Senate. It lay upon the table sometime 
there and the matter was often cussed and discussed. Judge Dutton 
came to me while in the House and said to me "Mr. Warner, every 
member of the Superior and Supreme Court is opposed to this law, 
it is such a radical change that they think a great injustice, wrong, 
fraud and perjury will be i)erpetratetl in the administration of jus- 
tice." I said "W'ell, I can't help that, I am in favt)r of it." So it 
went along, and one day Judge Dutton came to me in my seat and 
said to me "Mr. Warner do you intend by that Act that a criminal 
should testify in Court?" "By no means, sir." Dutton said "Well, 
he has a right to." I said "No, sir." Well, we looked at it and he 
explained it to me, to my astonishment I felt as if I had done a very 
wrong thing, that I had disgraced myself by drafting a bill that 
extended the law to criminals, and 1 looked at it and it convinced 
me that he was right. I immediately went to Cha])man in his seat 
and told what Judge Dutton said and I told him 1 thought it per- 
mitted of such an interpretation. He replied "well, it does, now 
what shall we do?" After a thought, he said "Warner, draw an 
amendment, when it comes into the House, just move an amendment 
to the bill." Well, I drew the amendment and soon after that Chap- 
man came to me hurriedly and said "that bill has only passed the 
Senate by the casting vote of the Lieut. -Governor, don't you intro- 
duce that amendment, don't say a word, unless objection is made in 
the House, and then you can offer the amendment." The bill came 
into the House passed by the Senate and the usual formal vote was 
gone through with and the bill passed in the House. Chapman 
came around to me and said he "Well, Warner, it went through 
like grease." Thus was passed the law which made a radical change 
in the administration of justice and permitted interested parties in 
criminal as well as civil cases, to testify in their own behalf. That 
law I consider one of the wisest laws that was ever passed by this 
Legislature and the roll of honor for it stands to Connecticut, and 
I thank God that some of its labor belonged to Litchfield County. 

The very next term of the Superior Court in Litchfield County 
after that session of the Legislature was held in August and pre- 
sided over by Judge Church, a native of Salisbury and one of the 
best lawyers on the bench. There was an interesting criminal trial 
on the docket, a lawyer of prominence from Xew York and Judge 
Seymour were the prisoner's counsel. The defendant had put in 
his evidence when Judge Seymour arose and said to his Honnr. 
"here is a statute passed by the last Legislature. I am not clear m 
my own mind as to the proper interpretation of it. whether it will 
permit the i^risoner to testify or not, but I am oi the opinion that he 

I04 l.lTllll'lKl.l) (.'(IINTV BKNC II AM) I'.AR 

has that rit^ht. and 1 submit the (luestion to your lloiior for the 
purpose of determining'." The judge with considerable acerl)ity of 
fcehng animadverted upon the passage of that law as cutting up 
root and branch of the old principle which had couie down to us 
and which no one had ct)nceive(l ought to be changed. He thought 
it would introduce fraud and perjury and all those things which go 
to outweigh and destroy justice as administered by the court. Then 
Seymour, after the judge had decided that the prisoner had the 
right to testify, said to the States Attorney "'riien I otYer you this 
prisoner to testify, I don't propose to put him on the stand for he 
might say something which might inadvertently injure his case" 
and that was a shrewd act on his part. 'J'he States .Attorney de- 
clined to accept it and the prisoner did not testify. 

X'ow there was another radical change and overthrow of the c<mii- 
mon law principle, and that was that no plea in abatement of a suit 
brought in an action of tort should bar the ])rosecution of it, whicli 
w^as in effect that the right of action for personal injuries survived. 
In other words, that the executor or administrator of a person that 
had deceased could continue an action commenced by the deceased. 
Well, that was a charitable act, but too radical for many of the 
lawyers, but it passed the Legislature and no one has seen fit since 
to have it repealed. 

Now I will tell of an incident which I heard which shows the 
workings of the old law. There w^as a distinguished lawyer by the 
name of Loomis in Bridgeport, a merry fellow full of fun, and there 
was also Dwight ATorris. This was before the passage of the law 
of the survival of actions for personal injuries and before the law 
allowing criminals to testify. There was a wayward son down in 
Bridgeport who had an old, warm, kindhearted father. This way- 
ward son had cost the old man many hundreds of dollars and great 
grief. He had recently committed some tortious act and he was 
])rosecuted criminally and convicted and then prosecuted cfvilly for 
damages and his body was attached, and the poor old father gave 
bonds for his appearance at Court. 

This worthless son was a merr\-go-round fellow and he began to 
have some feelings for his old gray-headed father, who was in great 
grief and sorrow and in great affliction ; his money was nearly ex- 
pended on his boy who was so wayward. Well. Dwight Morris was 
the junior counsel who was most familiar with the case that had to 
be tried at the approaching term, and this rollicking fellow came into 
his office one day and talked over the case and the facts in it. how 
much thev could do and what circumstances would mitigate the 
damages. He said "Well, now, IMorris, supi)osing 1 should die be- 
fore that case comes on; would that have any effect on the case?" 
Morris said "Why, yes, that would end the case." This son then 
replied "By God, I guess I had better die first." Morris said "I 
think that is a danmcd good idea." .\ few days before the session 

WAKM.KS KI'.M I MSflvNl'lCS I O-^ 

of the (.'ourl l)\\i,L;hl Moriis liunicil iiilo LoDiiiis's otl'icc anil said 
"My God, Looinis. 1 ^ucss I have committed murder." "Why?" 
"Whv our client is dead, he has committed suicide; he came into my 
otiice and said he guessed he would die if it would end the case," 
and in a foolish manner 1 said "Whw it would be a damned good 
idea." Well, the case went out. tlu- poi.r old man's money was 
saved, and he hxst his son. 

It is a well-established fact that in the law repealing that old 
common law which prohibited an interested witness to testify, Con- 
necticut was the pit)neer. .\n(l that Westminster Hall in Enj^^land 
from which we received our common law adopted that very act that 
was i)assed bv the Leiiislature of 1S4S. And from there it has ev 
tended all over the I'nited States. 

r.rethren. 1 commenced reading- law in .March, 1841, under the 
instructions of Hon. John 11. }lul)bard at Lakeville, and T spent a 
portion of my time under his advice at Litchfield so that 1 mig^ht 
have the advantai^es of attending Court there, and under the in- 
struction of the Hon. Origen S. Seymour, that venerable and great 
man. T completed my studies with Mr. Hubbard and was admitted 
to the bar at the August term. 1843. Xow as it was expected of me 
that I should sjieak of the lawyers who are gone, that I knew when 
I was first admitted to the Ijar, I shall go in routine and start with 
my native town. 

Before 1 come to those that I knew. I wish to speak about an- 
other man, one of the pioneers of law in the town of Salisbury, be- 
cause he was the ancestor of a very distinguished race of people, 
the ancestor of that prominent man, a judge of the Supreme Court 
of the United States who went from the State of Pennsylvania anrl 
died a few years ago. Adonijah Strong was one of the rough- 
est pieces of granite, I suppose, that ever existed. He had a strong 
powerful mind, he was full of wit and humor, he was illiterate, but 
he had great common sense and he had great force and abilitv and 
effect upon the court and iur\-, as I have learned by tradition. 
Adonijah had a peculiar voice, it is said, and he had a good old wife 
by the name of Xabby, and a great many stories are told about him. 
He was a strong man and belonged to the Congregational Church 
and a great supporter of it. TJiere was another colonel there, a 
distinguished man. Col. Joshua Porter. He was the ancestor of 
distinguished sons, one of them was a cabinet otlicer under the 
presidencv of John Quincy Adams. Xow about the time that the 
Methodist people organized a societ\- in Salisbury there was a great 
deal of opposition to them. I guess there was more objection to 
them than the Salvation Army has seen in these later days. They 
held a meeting in mv old school district on Ore Hill, and Col. Strong 
and Col. Porter had made up their minds that they would go over 
there, but not for any very religious purposes. Well, they each 
had a peculiar rei)utation. Col. Strong had the reputation of im- 


bibing considerably and eating- licartily. Col. Porter had another 
reputation, but I will let you guess what that was. It is spoken of 
in the Scriptures. Well, the clergyman who was to olHciate on that 
occasion had been advised and Col. Strong's character was por- 
trayed and so was Col. Porter's. They went in and sat down, and, 
as I said, for not very worthy purposes, and after a while the clergy- 
man was speaking about the characteristics of different individuals, 
and he said "where is that wine-bibber and a glutton?" Col. Strong 
got up and said "here I am. sir!" and sat down. The next thing 
the preacher said when speaking of the wickedness of the world, 
"and where is he." Col Porter sat still. Strong said "Col. Porter, 
get up and answer to your name as I did?" 

Now I will come to those whom I knew in Salisbury. There was 
John G. Mitchell of Salisbury, I believe he was born in Southbury. 
He came from a very pious parentage and was admitted to the bar, 
and came to Salisbury at an early age. He was not an educated 
man academically speaking, he was rough in his manners, uncouth, 
but he always maintained a reputation of a man of the highest 
integrity, but that is common amon^ laywers in Litchfield County. 
Everybody esteemed him. He had in his office a very few books, 
old and musty, but he was a trial justice and judge of probate after 
the establishment of the Salisbury district. He was also connected 
in merchandise wath ]\Ir. Walton under the tirm name of Walton & 
Mitchell, and he lived to an advanced age. He was rough and un- 
couth, but he had great redeeming traits. Late in life he came 
under the influence of a revival in the village in Lakeville and be- 
came a very religious man to the astonishment of everybody. 

He was frequently called upon to speak in Methodist and re- 
ligious meetings, he attended faithfully always, and in one of them 
he sjjoke of how they should work and toil to bring men into the 
fold. He said "brethren and sisters, you know the sharks follow the 
ship, now cast your nets out among them and you may bring in a 
lawyer as they brought me in." On another occasion he was speak- 
ing of the power of God. and talked well about it and wound up by 
saying "why God could take and throw me right through this meet- 
ing house, but he won't do it." 

There was another old lawyer there when 1 was admitted to the 
bar in 1843 ^^o gave me a great deal of good advice? He ad- 
vised me one day as a lawyer "if anybody offers you anything, take 
it, if it is nothing but a chew of tobacco." I recollected that and 
always took one. 

Then there was Philiander Wheeler, a ^'ale College graduate, an 
educated man, a keen bright man, full of wit and humor, quick 
and happy in repartee, but after I came to the bar he never attended 
the courts at Litchfield, neither did .Mitchell, but tried ca^es before 
justices and arbitrators. ( )nc day he was called in over in Canaan 
as an adviser to the justice in the trial of a man by the name of 

JOHN 11. llim'.ARD 

WAR N I ;k s k i; mini sc k \ c ks 107 

Rockwell wild was prnsecutrd for imirdiriiijr his hrothcr. lA-inan 
Church was the (iefeiidatit's counsel and the Hon. John H. Hubbard 
was another, and the prosecutinj;- attorne\- 1 think was l-'dniore, ancl 
it was a ])rotracted case, and one forenoon tlie lawyers had a set-to 
as to the admissibility of evidence or some (jucstion that anjse before 
them, and there was a great deal of controversy between the lawyers, 
and after very much had been said they adjourned and went to din- 
ner. The lawyers sat around the table and Wheeler came in and sat 
down. The landlord came and asked him what he would have, he 
wantetl tt) knt)w if he would take some of the gotjse. ".\o" he 
said "I have had that all the morning and I don't want any." 

There was an old lady who possessed some property in Salis- 
bury, whom they called Aunt I'olly. She was litigious in her 
character and she applied to every lawyer to sue s<jmebody and when 
one would refuse she would go to another and finally she got a 
writ out for one of her neighbors and brought it before the Court. 
Wheeler defended the person that she had brought the suit against 
and he would stir up .\unt Polly until she become violent and quick- 
tempered. She had her money in specie tied up in one corner of 
her handkerchief, and he became so intolerable, as she thought, 
towards her that she jumped uj) and she just tlung this s])ecie at 
his head and it hit him. but didn't hurt him very much. He picked 
it up and put it in his pocket. Xo sooner had he done that, 
than Aunt Polly went for him and downed him over his chair and 
the lawyer on the other side said "stick to, aunt I'olly." That 
was a scene in court in the early days. 

I come now to speak of a man to whom 1 feel greatly indebted, 
and I wish T could pay a better tribute to his character than I am 
able to. and that is the Hon. John H. Hubbard. He was a native 
of Salisbury and in his early struggles he had formidable opposition 
to contend with. In early life he w^as feeble and unable to work 
and finally he chose this profession, and by dint of educating him- 
self by hard study and teaching school winters he was admitted to 
the bar in the year 1826. He had a great op[)osition politically, it 
was the day of anti-masonry when the feelings of people were very 
much excited upon that question arising out of the alleged death 
of one Morgan in the State of New York. He adopted the views 
of the anti-masonic party and was opposed by strong men and he 
had a terrible struggle, but he held his own. tie had that per- 
sistent indomitable never-die princi])le in him that carried him 
along and he became a distinguished lawyer of the bar of Litch- 
field County. He is a living example to young men. no matter what 
the circumstances may be. if he is persistent, if he is studious, if 
he bends his efforts in that direction with an inflexibility that is not 
to be beaten, he will in the end conquer. I owe a debt of gratitude 
to that man for he drilled me in the principles of the law to such an 
extent that he said when T went to the office of Judge Sevmour so 

io8 i.iTcirFiKi.n corxTv rknch and bar 

as to be present when the courts were in session and learn some 
thing' of its practice, that 1 was able to ])e admitted as soon as my 
time of study should expire. He became a member of Congress 
and represented the 4th district. He was states attorney for the 
county for how many years I don't now remember. 

I will now speak of another gentleman, a lawyer in Salisbury, 
Roger Averill. He was a graduate of Union College, tall, erect 
and well proportioned, dignified in manners and a lawyer of fair 
ability. He practiced in Salisbury for some years, but the field 
was not sufficiently wide and he moved to Danbury and practiced 
there, until he was made Lieut.-Governor during a portion of the 
time of the distinguished war governor. Gov. Buckingham. He 
was my opponent in many cases that we tried and he early taught 
me an iinportant lesson in table ])ounding. In a case we were try- 
ing before a justice I became quite vehement and brought my fist 
down on the table so strong and so often that he commiserated me 
and felt sorry for me, and he kindly placed a law book upon the 
table on the spot where I had been hammering and said "Brother 
Warner. I am afraid you will injure your hand, the book is softer." 
That took all the starch out of me. 

Another gentleman by the name of Norton J. Buel was a native 
of Salisbury. He studied a portion of his time under the venerable 
Charles F. Sedwick, and the latter portion of it under Judge Church 
when he was practicing in Salisbury. He moved to Naugatuck 
in the first place and afterwards to Waterbury, but he frequently 
tried cases in this county and at this bar. He was a successful 
lawyer and a gentleman, and one who acquitted himself with great 
ability as a lawyer. 

Moving along East, we come to North Canaan and we find John 
Elmore, he was a native of the tow^n and I understood he was a 
very popular young man when he started in business, he was sur- 
rounded by many friends, he was very genial and a hale fellow 
well-met, everybody liked Jack Elmore, and he was on the high- 
tide to become a successful lawyer, but his convivial habits dragged 
him down. 

Leman Church, who was a half brother of Samuel Church, was 
a native of Salisbury, and he attended the law school of Judge 
Gould at Litchfield. He located at North Canaan about the same 
time that Elmore did. Instead of having many friends to aid him 
he had to encounter the oi)position of the prominent men of the 
place. I asked years ago an old gentleman who was familiar with 
North Canaan why it was that they all stood by Jack Ivlmore and 
not by Church. Well, he said, Elmore was a congenial man, he 
was a pleasant man, he had all the social elements in him that were 
attractive. While they never saw Church, he never met us any- 
where and if he did, why there was no congeniality between us, they 
were all opposed to him in the town, I mean the prominent men ; 


but ho studied his books and tliouj^ht deeply. Mo \v(juld r)ecasion- 
allv have a case, and bye and bye his star bcfjan to rise, and thonj^b 
he could not and did not command the love, yet he conimamlcd the 
respect of the peoi)le by dint of his great talents and power. 1 con- 
sidered Leman Church one of the ablest lawyers and the best 
equipped on all occasions that I ever met. He had a keen, cpjick 
l)erccption, he had that continuousity of purpose ; he did not pander 
to please the multitude nor to the api)lause of the individual. Ik- 
ploughed a straight furrow along his own course, and he attained 
the highest jKisition at the bar at an early age. He had the keenest 
blade of satire, wit and humor, it abounded with him ; at repartee 
he was never at a loss, nor upon any question that the judge might 
propound to him whether he ever had the case under consideration 
or not : and always acquitted himself with the highest ability. I 
speak thus of him because I was so situated when I first came to 
the bar, the other lawyers being older, 1 was forced to call upon 
Leman Church, and he aided me and always assisted me in any 
case for which I might call upon him. Physically he was tall, frail 
in appearance, he had a hunch with his head slightly deformed, a 
shrivelled face, lean and gaunt, and his apparel was always neat 
but of the coarsest character. His feet were clad in heavy brogan 
shoes, but the redeeming feature of his countenance was his eye, 
and such an eye would convince you gentlemen when cast upon 
you as being that of a man of powerful intellect. Now to speak 
of his ability as a lav^^yer. Porter Burrall, the son of William Bur- 
rail, a Canaan man, a highly educated man was president of the 
Housatonic Railroad. Some of its directors lived in the city of 
New York and some question arose in relation to the management 
of the road and there were lawyers in New York who had the 
question under advisement and they had expressed oi)inions in re- 
lation to it. There was a final meeting appointed for the further 
discussion and the determination of the question involved. Bur- 
rall called upon Church and told him he wanted to have him to go 
down to New York City and attend that Director's meeting. Church 
said in his peculiar voice "I am not going down among those dandy 
lawyers thev think they know everything, and I am not going." 
However, Burrall had great faith in him and insisted upon his go- 
ing, and he finallv went down, clad like a clod-hopper and he sat 
down in that convention. The oiiinions of these distinguished New 
York Lawvers were called for and finally Mr. Burrall said. "Mr. 
Chairman,': wish mv friend Mr. Church of Canaan might be per- 
mitted to speak." Well Church got up. a most inferior lookmg 
man, you can't find one to compare with him in that respect, but 
he went at the question under discussion and laid them out so broad 
and clear and so perfectly lucid that he established them, and his 
views were finallv adopted. He could not bear a fop. he could not 
bear what he called a Miss. Nancy, or vaporism of any kind, he 

no i.ircii FiKi.i) coi Nr\' liKscii anf) mar 

went too far pcrhajjs in that rcsi)cct, l)ut he liad a ha])p\- gift of 
pnnctnring bnbblcs and 1 will give you one or two instances of it. 
Now yon know that when young men come to the bar and make 
their tirst appearance before a jury. the\ wish to make an impres- 
sion and sometimes be classical and ornate. 'Phere was brother 
Hitchcock who lived in Winsted. a man for whom 1 held the high- 
est respect, and whose memory I revere. He and Jndge Granger 
and myself were great friends. Hitchcock was a partner of Hol- 
abird. They had a very important case to be tried at Litchfield. 
Hitchcock had made great preparations in the case, and it was 
among his first efforts at the bar in the way of argument and trial, 
and he familiarized Granger and myself with the case and we felt 
a very deep interest in his behalf. Hitchcock in the course of his 
argument animadverted ujion one principal witness in the case 
against him, he was a very important witness for the other side, 
and it was very important for Hitchcock's client that the Jury- 
should not take his word or the testimony he gave before the Court. 
In the course of his arg'ument Hitchcock said, alluding to that wit- 
ness, "why, gentlemen of the jury, he is the very 'folliculus,' in 
this case." A little furtiier along he said "He is a Jupiter Tonans, 
gentlemen of the Jury." When Leman Churcli came to answer 
that he said "Xow, gentlemen of the Jury my young friend here, 
brother Hitchcock has attempted to mislead you ; why he has talked 
about one Miss Polly New Rose gentlemen of the jury, have you 
seen any such witness on this stand?" "Xot satisfied with that, 
he has imposed upon you again, he has talked about a witness here 
by the name of Jew Peter Toe Xails." As soon as we could, 
Granger and I took our hats and went out. Another case we had 
in the Superior Court in wdiich Leman Church was interested, we 
had medical experts in, and a learned Doctor by the name of Fuller 
from Xew Haven was there as a witness against the interests of 
Church's client. He went along very learnedly, as such physicians 
do, and wdien Church came to cross-examine this witness he com- 
menced by saying "well, now. Dr. Fooler" and he took the wind out 
of him pretty effectually. 

Another illustration of his mode of examining a witness. There 
was a great controversy in years gone by between Jedediah Graves 
and Sylvanus Merwin, father-in-law and son-in-law, about a man 
who went and took u]) the tombstones of his children and offered 
them for sale on an execution for a judgment. 

Graves was a ])ompous sort of fellow, he was a trial justice in 
the town of Xew Alilford and he was called upon to testify to what 
was said before him on a trial. He went along well and easily 
and was turned over to Church for cross-examination, and Church 
in his questions began to imply that he was going outside of the 
truth. After a while the witness stopped and says "S(|uire Church, 
1 have a realizing sense of the obligations of my oath. I have ad- 


iniiiistcTfd ihciii .iikI I picitcst aj^ainsl your insiini;ilii mis." (.'ImnlT 
said "S(|uire lUliott, if you have ^ot lliron^li witli yimr pci' irati< mi. 
jik-asc answer my (iucstion." 

Now I come to si)eak of that (Hstin<;uishe(l man in Xorih C'anaan. 
Miles 'l\)bv (iran<i^er. He was a j^rackiate of Wesleyan rniversity 
at Middlctown in tliis state. He was a school teaclier on a plan- 
tation down in Mississij)!)!. teaching- the sons and daughters of the 
surrounding plantations, and during that time lie studied law in 
Mississippi and was admitted to the bar in that state, lie came 
back to Connecticut and went into the office of Leman Church and 
studied law with him for the purpose of obtaining a knowledge of 
Connecticut laws and was admitted to the bar after i(S4^v ^^^ was 
the greatest wit, humorist and wag of the bar, he was the very 
Mark Twain of the bar. His sayings, his wit and his humor might 
be read as Innocents at Home instead of Innocents .\broad. He 
was skilled in doggerel poetry as he called it. He would see the 
ludicrous and ridiculous in persons and things that no one but he 
thought of, and he would bring it out to the great amusement of 
his hearers. His very first argument in the Sujierior Court was 
in poetry. It was the case of Dunham vs. Dunham. Dunham 
brought a petition for a divorce against his wife, he was a widower 
when he married, and she was a widow. They were both very old 
and infirm, their spouses were dead and they desired companionship, 
and so they inter-married. Jack Elmore brought the petition and 
in that petition he set up as a ground, a fradulent contract. Judge 
Ivllsworth, a very grave man and a deacon of the church in Hart- 
ford was holding Court. Oanger led off in the argument nn- the 
defense and Church was to close the debate. His whole argument 
w^as in poetry, but I remember nothing but the last verse, which 
was this : 

"Now all his hopes in ruins lie. 
Crushed by this prolapsus uteri." 
He was a great fellow for giving names to persons. He dubbed 
me by the name of Elder, and it has been carried on to this day. and 
I believe I had been so addressed since I have been here, ^^'l^^■ lie 
did it I don't know, whether an elder of the Methtxlist l^Zpiscopal 
church or some other persuasion I havn't any idea, he never ex- 
plainded it to me. He was full of his jokes and quirks, it made no 
difference whether it was foe or friend, but it was all in good na- 
ture. Well, you all know his history in later life when he was 
highly honored, represented his town in the Legislature, in the Sen- 
ate and represented the 4th district in Congress after his retirement 
as a Judge. 

Col. Jacob B. Hardenberg. he was a native of Kingston. X. \. 
He was a good lawver. a soldier and a warrior at (kntysburg under 
Col IVatt. I might well say of him "he was the bravest of the 

112 l.rrClll'lKI.I) COINTV FU'lNCll AND MAR 

Now I conic to one of my first students, C'.eorj^c Washington 
Peet. He was a native of Salisbury and read law in my office and 
completed his studies in the law in the Harvard Law School. Soon 
after his admission he located in South Canaan in the office of 
Judge P.urrall and commenced practice there, and afterwards at 
Falls \'illage. Frt>m his maternal ancestry he inherited the power 
of acquisitiveness which was but little diluted by what he inherited 
from the paternal side. And only semi-occasionally did he commit 
waste by profuse expenditure. He was a unicpie character. Peet 
was a nervous, excitable, confident, energetic, bold man. He went 
in ])ursuit of money and he got it. He was not devoid of wit and by 
it occasionally entertained us. We boys were playing tricks upon 
each other, as I presume they are now, the younger members. 
Hitchcock had a good deal of that in his makeuj), and one day at 
the Court in Litchfield in warm weather I'eet was down there with 
his linen coat on, and in those days the clerk had on his desk a 
wafer box with little red wafers, we didn't have mucilage then, 
but we used red wafers to stick things on, and Hitchcock got out 
a lot of these every little while, then would wet one of them and 
go around and slap Peet on the back and stick on a wafer, and soon 
got him pretty well pasted. Peet was marching around in different 
places making an exhibition of his back, and finally he found peo- 
ple were laughing at him. Peet would ask, "well, what are yon 
laughing at" and then they would laugh the more. Finally some- 
one asked "What the devil have you got on your back. Peet?" 
Peet was very indignant and accused Hitchcock of trying to make 
him the butt of this bar. 

As I said. Granger gave names to everybody. There is a place 
in South Canaan called Dogtown. and years ago there was a tavern 
there and the place of trial of many cases. That was Peet's stamp- 
ing ground, and Granger and others met him there, and so Granger 
gave him the name, not of the constellation exactly, but he called 
him Attorney Serious, the dog-star, the brighest star in dog-town. 

I pass along to Norfolk. There was Michael Mills. He was 
a tall, lean lank, bony man, high cheek bones and rather tawny 
face. Granger called him the Sachem of Norfolk. 

Then comes William K. Peck. Jr., he was a native of Harwin- 
ton : his parents moved with him to Salisbury when he was a young 
boy. He studied law in my office and commenced practice in Nor- 
folk. He was very fond of making public speeches when ever an 
opportimity presented. Abolitionism and temperance were his 
favorite topics and he availed himself of every ()i)])ortunity to make 
sj)eeches, and in that respect, so far as capability of addressing pop- 
ular sentiment at his age of life, he had decided talent. Granger 
called him Duke of Norfolk. When he contemplated settling in 
Norfolk, one of the good deacons of Norfolk came over to see me 
to inquire about him and informed me that Mr. Peck had referred 

; iuT/i iu-ij,. A*.tv >: 



liiiii In me and wantt-il l<> knuw wliai M>rl ol" a man lir was. I t<>l<l 
him hr was (.•xaclK a(la])k'(l to Norfolk. 1 Ir said "'what <lo you 
mean?" I rci)liiMl "in the first place he is a very moral man. a man 
of excellent moral character; in the stHoiul place he will he an ad- 
mirahle snccessor of Michael Mills in his ])hysical make-ni), he has 
a peculiar lawn\ hrown hair, hi^h chec'k hones, and in another re- 
si)ect he is a hlack rei)uhlican'" as they called them then. The oUl 
deacon lau.^hed and said he guessed he was the man. So he settled 
there and I helieve acipiitted himself with ahility. After he had 
heen there a while he removed to Michigan where I have heard he 
hecame a successful law\er. 1 \v\{ i)roud of him as a >lu<U-nt in my 
office. • if. 

Xow 1 come to W'insted. William S. 1 lolahird was a native of 
South Canaan. Me was ph\sically a large, tall, splendidly made-u]) 
man. imposing in a])i)earance and presence, and lie was the great 
democratic leader of the har. 1 le was a ])olitician and he was a man 
around whom the vouug democratic lawyers liked to gather. He 
had excellent convi'rsalii nial jjowers and tliex' were alwaxs interested 
in his conversation. Me was really one of the instructors in ]>oliti- 
cal matters among the democratic lawyers, and he was then in ac- 
tive practice. He had some hitterness in his make-up, hut his 
friendshi]) was as strong as his hatred was deep and unforgiving. 

C.ideon Mall was an oi)])onent. and as a lawyer and in politics 
thev were diametrically ojjposed. Holahird was vindictive some- 
times, and his hatred extended down too far. 

Xow 1 come to another unique character, and that was Gideon 
Mall. Me was a lean, tall, gaunt man, he was in full ])ractice, and 
continued in ])ractice until he was ap])ointed Judge ot the Su])erior 
Court." Me was a hard worker, diligent; his contests were elahor- 
ate. manv and severe. Mall and llolahird were oi)i)onents always 
in politics and lawsuits, never associated. Hall was very prolix in 
the cimduct of trials, and remarkably so in his arguments before 
the court and iurv. The one hour rule had not been i)as.sed when 
he i)racticed. Hall would occasionally make attempts at oratory 
in his trials, and here is an illustration of it. Me had a suit in 
court for his client, the plaintitT in the case. It was a contest oyer 
a piece of rocky land of no value comparatively speaking. During 
the trial he was often talking about the littleness and smallness of 
the case, and it was so alluded to in the argument by the counsel 
for the defense. This was a sort of an exordium or peroration m 
which he said it was not available on account of the su])er-abundant 
fecunditv of its soil, but because it was ancestral estate and had 
come down from a long line of colonial ancestors. 

In relation to Hall, there is one thing which shows the estima- 
tion of the bar. This story was told to me by the late (k-orge C. 
WoodrutT of Litchfield. .\ lawyer of this county had a suit i^n 
court, a voung lawyer and he had associated with him Creorge C. 

tl4 I.I i\iii'ii:i.i) C()rN'r> i;i:\(.'ii and i;au 

WOiulrurt. It was a case asking" fur the ai)iK)intiiient of a coinniittce 
ill cliancory wliicli was t<> be tried nut (if term-time, and the question 
arose who should he that eomiiiittee. ( )f course, if the ])arties as^reed 
on the committee, the court would sanction it. otherwise the court 
would have to decide and appoint whom it thotii^ht best. Xeg"oti- 
ations were made between the opposite ctumsel. Woodrufif on one 
side and Hubbard and ('.ran,<;er on the other side, and liuljbard and 
Graui^'er suggested 1 lall as a good one for the committee-man. The 
young man went to see .Mr. Woodruff and told him that they jiro- 
posed to have Hall appointed committee, and \Voodruff said to him 
"don't you have him, why he wdll get things all mixed up in his 
report so tliat we sliall not get head or tail to it." The young man 
reflected and said ".Mr. Woodruff', that may be just what we want." 
\\ ell. it turned out so, it was mixed and Woodruff won his case. 

1 come now to the friend of whom 1 have spoken, Roland Hitch- 
cock. He was a native of lUirlington. He read law in Holabird's 
office and he was admitted to the bar in about 1M44. and became 
a jtartner of llolabird and ])ractice(l law in Winchester until ap- 
])ointe(l as judge oi the Superiin- Court. I ;il\\a\s liked the man, 
and So well did I know him that his peculiarities never interfered 
with our friendship. He at times exhibited much wit and humor 
and enjo\ed the funny side of things and contributed his share to 
the merriment of the bar. There was a streak of melancholia in his 
nattire which always made him sorrt)wful. It lasted him throtigh 
life, and in the last few years of his life, had a woeful effect upon 
him. lie was testy and often irrital)le in trials. As an illustration 
of that 1 remember a case in which Granger and myself were on 
one side and Hitchcock on the other before a committee at Canaan. 
Hitchcock's client was one Hart, a notable character and who w^as 
easily stirred up. In the course of the trial Granger, knowing 
Hart's peculiarities would stir him u]) and he would rattle along 
and interrui)t the trial so that llitclicock would sometimes get mad 
at his client and he would once in a while issue an expletive on the 
subject. He was very fixed in his oiMiiioiis of the law and un- 
changeably so at times. Me was through ;iiid llirougli an honest 
man and administered justice iini)artiall\" in the courts where he was 

1 go now t<i llarkhanislead and s|)eak of the late llirani ( 'lood- 
wiii. lie was in full practice, his clientage was not onl\- in his town, 
but extended to the adjoining towns in this and Hartford Cotmty. 
I considered him an able law\er. lie conducted his trials with 
skill and his arguments were clear and logical. As a judge of the 
County Court he gave satisfaction. 

I come now to New Ilartford. Roger II. .Mills was in prac- 
tice there many years before I came to the bar. I le was of fine ap- 
])earance and high standing at the bar. Ik' was a member of the 
Senate in the Legislative session of 1X48 at the time these radical 


GKO. WiriCA'l'ON 


wAKXi'K s ki; \i I \ isii'iNci'.s 115 

laws were iiiadc aii<l I lliiiik lie npposril Intli nt' tliM>t- ciim-hncnts. 
He was a very acci)ni])lisln.'(l man. i)lcasanl. scholarly, hiil the fit-UI 
was not wide cnoui^h for him and so lu- moved to Wiscoii'^in, and 
after a while died llu're. 

|are(l 1'.. P'osler was lii> successor llu'r'-. Me came to the har 
after 1^4,^, and he is t'utitUMl to i^real credit, for he read law while 
making and mending" hoots and shoes in (."olehrotik. He was a 
merry, ^ood fellow, he hecame well e(|ui])])ed in the i)rinci])les of the 
law and (|uickly ac(|uired its jiractical par's, lie represented the 
town in tlie Legislature with al)ilit\- and he succeeded Hitchcock 
as jud.ij^e of the Litchfield County Court and discharj^ed his duties 
with ability. He was eminentl\- social and a hale fellow well-met. 
We used to address him as |err\. ('.ranker dnhhi'd him lerry Red. 
For many years he was a suttercr from rheumatism and it finally 
brought him to his j^rave. 

Goshen. Nelson I'.rt'wsler. Mis law hiisiness was local. He 
lived two years in Litchfield and he tried a few cases and he was a 
bank commissioner several limes. I'.irdseye Baldwin, a uni(|ue char- 
acter was his contemporary in ('.nslun. a kindlu'arted man of limit- 
ed practice and of great simi)licity of character. He was very fond 
of whist. Ciranger and Hitchcock at court whenever they were in 
session entertained him very often very royally, in the amusement 
of which 1 was a witness. ( )ltentinies 1 was a partner of Granger, 
and I'.aldwin and Hitchcock were partners. If Hitchcock and 
Granger turned up a trunrp the\ would jiass their trumps one to the 
other under the table and i)ick out all the best cards and hand 
back the poor ones. Finally I'-aldwin would get up and exclaim. 
after losing all the games, '"well, it does heal the devil." 

1 now come to Cornwall, to Cieorge Wheaton. He was of 
humble origin, horn in l{ast Haven. When I was a hoy. I learned 
that he was of most exlraordinar\- ahilit\. illiterate, he murdered 
the Queen's English, hut one of the mo>t skilful and adroit lawyers 
at tlie bar in his day and time. WhealiMi was a great lawyer in 
my judgment. He had one i)ecidiar gesture and that was this, he 
never laughed and Iiardlx ever smiled. As an illustration of his 
cunning and shrewdness and his ajjliiude for hitting the party 
against him I will mention an instance. There was a suit brought 
against the Housatonic Railroad for damage to property injured 
bv the cars. Peet and myself were defending the Railroad Con> 
panv and (u-anger and Wheaton were counsel for the i)laintitl". 
One of the witnesses. Charles h'.mmous. an employee of the railroad, 
was a very important witness and his testimony was crucial in be- 
half of the defendant. Of course the case being against a railroad 
corporation it had to be i)Ut to a jury. This witness Emmons was 
a verv honest man and a christian gentleman, and if he could make 
the jury believe as they ought to believe, that his testimony was 
trutliftil, then the case should he decided for the defendant. In the 

ii6 1 iT(,ii iii.i II CO. ^■T^■ i'.i:\\ii and i'.ar 

course of tho ari;uiiK'iit. in (.•oiniiu'iilin^- i >n the ti'stinioiu of the 
witness l\ninions, I dwx'li n)iuii ilu- i)uril\ of his hfe and (.-haracter, 
his christian character. W luii W luaton came to wind up the case 
he said "I'rother Warner says this l-'.ninion-^ is a I'hristian. Well, 
I aint i^oinii^ to (Hsi)iite that. Imt if the company finds out that 
that is his character. the\- will discharge him \ery quick." 

.\nother instance comes down h\ tradition. Church fre{|uently 
came in contact with W'heatou. lie was called down there to de- 
fend a man in some case before a justice, and Wheaton commenced 
the arsj^ument of his case. He had his book of Connecticut rcjiorts 
and he stated to the Court what the law was and he would read 
from this book and so he read from the brief of one of the lawyers. 
Church said, "Wheaton. let me take that book." Wheaton said, 
"go get your own law, brother Church." 

Church of course told the juflt^e he was reading from the brief 
of the attorney, not from the o])inion of the court or the judge 
who decided the case. Wheaton replied "1 didn't say I did, I said I 
read what is the law there, and 1 believe it to be good law. and if 
the Supreme Court has said otherwise, thev will over-rule that 
decision." He was a communicant of the Congregational Church 
in Cornwall. Now there was a religious revival in that town long 
years ago and there was a man there by the name of Daniel Scoville. 
During that revival he attended these meetings very faithfully and 
ap])eared very much interested in them. There was a bitter hatred 
between this man and \\'heaton. \\ heaton had law suits against 
him frequently and they were conducted sharply by Wheaton as 
against him. Some of Wheaton 's fellow mem1)ers went to him and 
said. "Why this man is so much interested in the supject of re- 
ligion I think that you ought, as a member of the church, to go to 
him and encourage him in some form and show forgiveness on 
your ])art." So one evening Wheaton went up there and while 
Scoville was in the attitude of praying and said "If there is any 
mourner here who has any feeling against me or I have any against 
him. God forbid that 1 should in any way bar his coming to Cod." 
Well, he iiad a client there who waiteil until Wheaton came out 
and then he said "Wheaton. you know that law suit we have got 
there against him. now I want that fought right up." Wlieaton 
rei)lie(l "Oh! he'll fight all right." 

Then there was Julius I'.. Harrison, lie was a native of C'orn- 
wall. he read law with Wheaton and came to the bar after 1843 
and ])racticed a while in Cornwall and moved t) New Mil ford where 
he died, lie was states attorney for the cv)unty, he was a very 
diligent man, verv ambitious and he ra])idly rose in his profession. 
He was repetitious in his argmuents, and that was the only criticism 
I ever heard made, for he was certainly logical, and had he lived 
to the or(nnary age, I haw no doubt he would have been one of 
the leaders of the bar. 


AV A R N !•: k S K I'. MINI SL" K N CKS I 1 J 

AniitluT man Iroiii Cuniwall was Solon W. luhnMiii. ami many 
of \(ni nil (liml)l rcincinhcT him. lie was a tall, lart^c-fraiufrl per- 
son, 1 (l<in't know what \car he c-anic to the l)ar. and he was editor 
of the l.ilehtieM Sentinel, and hi-- editorial articles were read with 
a j^real deal of intiTest : llieri' was a L^reat of wit and hiniKjr 
and sarcasm contained in tliem. Me died early in life, he was of 
a peculiar nature and character, a lo\L'al)le man in a j^reat many 
resi)ects. lie had a ])eculiar stolid api)earancc at times, whellier 
put on or natural. 1 don't know. If nnnalural it was very success- 
ful comsnmation. The last term that jud^e Minor held of ihc 
Su])erior Court prior to his resignation. lia\inj,;- accei)ted the nomi- 
nation for memher of Congress from the 4lh district, there was a 
gentleman came up to Litchfield, an entire stranger, lie was in 
everyhodx's office, he was in the comt room, lie was a (pieer 
sort of a man, talking with ever\l)o(ly and with judge Minor and 
vou couldn't help being interested to know who lie was. lie came 
across v^olon Johnson and Johnson tried to get rid <tf him. He 
W'as all the while teasing |ohnson to take drinks with him, and .Mr. 
Johnson declined and ke])! declining. l'"inall\', aftc'i" much urging 
Johnson savs "m\- friend, there is a drug store down here and we 
will go down there and get something that is ])ure and good." 
Well, thev went down to the drug store and a i)int hottle was brought 
out with the ver\- purest kind of whiskey they had and a tumbler 
was set down, and this stranger told .Mr. Johnson to take a drink. 
Johnson took u]) the bottle, looked at the cork, smelled of it and 
says "that's all right" turned it up an<l drained the bottle. The 
stranger looked at him aghast. exjK'Cting him to fall dead every 
minute. Johnson looked at him. smiled and said "W ell, aint yon 
going to take something?" 

.\ow I come to Frederick Chittenden. He w^as in practice when 
I came to the bar, a high tempered man of great knowledge. He 
had many conflicts with those with whom he came in contact. He 
was of an irrascible temper, but a good-hearted, generous likely 
man, verv well read in the law, but dei^ended a great deal ujxin 
his natural abilities: it took but very little to excite him, he was 
verv lieligerent in the trial. There was a lawyer from Kent, Henry 
Fuller, who came to the bar after myself. They had a contest and 
Chittenden was so excited he struck him on the head. Well, there 
was an interruption, and after the adjournment Chittenden came 
in and laid his cane down upon the table and he said he would 
preserve order in the court room. 

John (t. Iveed was a native of Salisbury and read law with me. 
His father and mother were Scotch. His father, the late Dr. 
Adam Reed was a celebrated Divine. He was educated at Williams 
College, he practiced law in Kent a short time, moved to Ohio, en- 
listed in an ( )hio regiment in the civil war. and when he returned 
from that, he removed to Chicago and there (listingnishe«l himself 

ii8 i.n\iii-ii:i.i) corxTv i!i:\cil and 

as a la\v\cr l)cf()rc the liii^luT cmirls upon more (|ncstit)tis of law. 
He was not wlial \ou call a jury lawyer. 

Well, brethren and gentlemen of the bar: The bell tolls and 
mv hour has exi)ired. I look back to the time when life was new 
and bright before nie and e\erylliini; seemed fair and good to see. 
I stand here now and remember all these friends of so long ago 
As I stand here alone of all those I knew in my early days, 
whom I have seen fall around me like leaves in the wintry weather. 

"1 feel like one who stands alone, 
In some bancjuet hall deserted; 
\\'hose lights are dead. 
Whose joys are fled, 
And all but he dejiarted. 

Ilistotical 5^0tea 





Compiled By 




rpdii ihc cstablishiiK-nl nf Ijlclilk-ld County in 1751. the General 
Asseinl)l\' was pleased to order two terms of the County Court to 
be held therein, one on the fourth Tuesday of Decemher. anrl the 
other on the fourth Tuesday nf Ajjril in each year, and also one 
term of the Superior Court to Ix- held on the last Tuesday save 
two. in Auii^ust of each } ear. 

In this Superior Court there was hut one Clerk for the whole 
Cokmy who went with the Judi^es from place to i)lace as the 
sessions were held, and kept the records all together in Hartford, 
where those prior to 1798 can now he found in the Secretary of 
State's office. 

The followin^• is tlie record of llie first court held in Ijtchfield 
Count}' : 

"At a County Court held at Litchiield within and for llie County 
of Litchfield on the fourth Tuesday of December A. D.. 1751. 

i^resent : Wii.ijA^t Prkstok. Chief Jiid^L^c. 

JOHN WlI.LlA^LS I ,. , • 

- ( nsqrs. Jiisficcs 

Samuel Caxfiki.d r , 

of qiioram. 
Ei5i:xkzi;r Mars 11 } 

Isaac llaldwin was appointed Clerk and sworn. 

^Ir. John Catling-, County Treasurer and Excise Master. 

:\lr. Joshua Wdiitnc}' of Canaan in said County. Attorney. 

'•At the same Court John Davies of Litchfield in the County of 
Litchfield pit. versus John Barrett of W'oodbury in sd County deft. 
The parties appeared' and the deft, exhibited pleas in abatement 
of the pltf's writ which being overruled the parties then joyning in 
a demurr. to the declaration "as on file, the Court is of Opinion that 
the Declaration is sufficient in the Law and thereupon it is con- 
sidered that the pit. shall recover of the Deft, the Sum of £1200 
monev. Damages and costs of Court allowed to be . 

The deft, appeals from the judgment of this Court to the Su- 
perior Court to be holden at Litchfield on the second Tuestlay of 
August next, and the plat, with Mr. Samuel Darling of Xew Ilavcn 
before this Court acknowledged themselves bound to the Treasurer 
of sd Countv in a recognizance of £200 money to prosecute their 
said appeal to efifecl and answer all damages in case they make not 
their plea good." 

The following is the Record of the first_ Superior Court held 
in Litchfield Countv, and to be found in Hartford. 

1-- i.nxiiKiKi.i) coiNTv i;i;\cri and 

At a Superior Court lioldcn at Lilchticld ou Tuesday yc I ith, 
day of August Auuo Donmii 1752 auno yc Regni Rt. Georgii 
Secunde \igcstuui v^exto. 

Prcseut. ye 

llonhl. Thomas Firm. lisqr. CJiicf Jiidi^c. 

W'lI.l.lA.M I'lTKlN I 

EbEnkzi;k Svr. I.V.MAX r Jssistaii! Jiidi^cs. 
Sami-i'j, Lnxdi': ) 

This Court was opeucd 1)\- I'roclamatiou and adjourned till 
Two of ye clock of ye afternoon, and then oi)encd according to 

Persons returned to serve as jurors were: 
William Marsh"] XATn.\x Bqtchfgrd ] 

Joshua Garrett i- Litchtield John Hitchcock ; New ]\Iilford 

Thomas Catling J Partridge Thatciikk | 

Timothy Minor ^ Xathan Da\is \ 

Gideon Walker > Woodbury J.\cou Bextox i- Harwinton 

Benj.vmix Stiles ) S.\.\tLi;L Pjlkmmis ) 

The first recorded judgment is that of: 
Wii.i.iA.M Siikr:\ian ) r Joiix Ti<li:.\t 

and V of Xew Milford vs. < of 

Rctc.KK SiiEKiMAX ) ( Xew Milford 

At the May session of the General Assembly 171)8 it was en- 
acted that the Superior Court Judges appoint a Clerk for each 
County and that the Records thereafter be kept in their respective 
Counties, but that the then existing records be kept at Hartford. 

In obedience of this law the Judges appointed Frederick Wol- 
cott. Esq. of Litchfield, Clerk for Litchfield County, and the first 
term of the Superior Court having its records at Litchfield, was 
held at Litchfield on the Third Tuesday of August 1798 and was 
"Opened by proclamation." 

The record is as follows : 

v^tatk oi" Co.\xi;cTici'T : 

At a Sui)erior Court holden at Litchfield within and for the 
County of Litchfield, on the Tliird Tuesday of .\ugust A. 1). 1798, 

The Hon. Jessi-; Root, Esq. Chief Jiidiic 


Hon. STi:i-iiEi\ M. Mitchell ( Assistant 
Hox. Jonathan Ingersoll ( Jt(d<^cs. 
Hon. 'i\\i'i'i.\f. Ree\i'. ) 

1'*ki:i)i:khk Woi.coi't, L'lrrk. 



The AUorncys in aclivc practice in \y')X wrrc the f()ll<Mving 

At I'KiiiMiilli : 

At Litchfield : 

I'.l.I.IAIl .\l).\.\lS 

John Ai,i.i;n 
Isaac Baldwin 
uuiki. iiot.mks 
1)anii;i. W. Tvi'.wis 

El'IlKAIM 1\1U1'A 

RKYN01.DS Marvin 
Roger Skinner 
Aaron Smith 
ruiAii Tracy 
1'ki:i)i:k]ck Wolcott. 

At Canaan : 

John I^i.-Mok]', 

At Goshen : 

Xa-i'han IIai.e 
XdAii W'adiiams 

At Kent : 

Hakazm.i.a Slossox 

At New Milford: 

David S. Boardman 
Sa.mlkl Bostwick 
Daniel Everett 


At Norfolk : 

Edmund Aiken 
Augustus Petti hone 

1.1 MS Kenn 
\l koxbury : 


At Salisbur}- : 

Josi'.i'ii Cani-TEi.d 


Adomjah Strong 
At Sliaron : 


John C. Smith 
CAris Swan 

At Southbur}' : 

Simeon Hinman 
Benjamin Stiles, Jr. 

At Washington : 

Daniel N. Brinsmade 
William Cogswell 

At W'atcrtown : 

Eli Curtiss 

Samuel W. Soutiimavd 

At Winchester : 

Phineas Miner 

At W' oodbury : 

Noah'b. Benedict 
Nathan Preston 
Natiiaxiel Smith 

The following members of the Bar are now (April 1907) residing 
in the Coimtv : Those with a * are not in active practice. 

Litchfield : 

J. Gail Beckwith. Jr. 
Francis Bissell * 


John T. Hubbard 


William L. Ranso:\i * 
Elbert P. Roberts 
Thomas F. Ryan 
George M. Woodruff 
James P. Woodruff 

IJethlehem : 

Walter M. Johnson * 

Cornwall : 

William D. Boslkk 
Leonard J. Nickersox 

Goshen : 

Charles A. Palmer '^ 

Xorfdlk : 

Ror.i'.iNS B. Stoeckel 


I.n\ illli:i.L) COUNTY I'.KXCII AXD u.\\< 

New Hartford : 

FrkdKuick a. Jr.\vi;i.i, 
h. rogicu jonks, ju. 
Frank B. Muxx 

New Mil ford : 

Jojix F. Addis 
Fraxk W. Marsh 
Henry S. Saxford 
Fred M. Williams 

-North Canaan : 

SAifUEL G. Camp 
Geo. a. Marvin 
Alberto T. Rorap.ack 
J. Henry Roradack 
J. Clinton Roraback 

Plymouth : 

Henry B. Plumb * 
E. Leroy Pond 
Fred a. Scott 

Salisbury : 

Howard F. Laxdon 
Donald T. Warner 

Sharon : 

^^'ILLARD Baker 

Thomaston : 

Albert P. Bradstrekl' 
E. T. Canfield 
Frank W. Etkeridce 

Torringtnn : 

W11.LIAM W . ['.ti:RCK 

r)ERX'ARl) 1-". I ||(.(,1XS 
W ALTi:i< 1 liilAuNli; 

Peter J. McDermott 


Homer R. Scuville 


Gideon H. Welch 
Tiios. J. Wall 

W'atertown : 

C. B. Atwood * 

S. ^NIcL. BucKiNr.iiAM 

Winchester : 

Wm. H. Blodcett 
C. E. Bristol * 
Jas. p. Glynv 
Samuel A. Herman 
Richard T. Higgins 
Samuel B. Horne 
Wm. p. Lawrence * 
Wilbur G. Manchester 
Geo. a. Sanford 
Frank W. Sey:\U)UR 
James P. Shelley 
Welungtox p.. S^riTii 
Ja:mes \\\ Sm \'n[ 

^^'oodl)ury : 

James Huxtixt.tox 
Arthur D. Warner 

The following persons who have been connected with this Bar 
either by admission or residence, are not now residing in the County, 
but are supposed to be alive and residing elsewhere. 

John Q. Adams, 

Negaunee, Mich. 

Louis J. Blake, 
Omaha. Neb. 

Edward J. Bissell, 

Fond-du-Lac, Wis. 

John O. lioucirTox, 
Stamford, Conn. 

David S. Calhoun 
Hartford. C(jnn. 

Uriah Case, 

Hartford, Conn. 
John D. Cha.mi-lin. 

New York City. 
Chester D. Clexelaxd. 

Oshkosh, Wis. 
Frank 1). Cleveland. 

Hartford, Conn. 

George W. Cole, 
New ^'ork Cit\'. 

\ ;y 



STI'WAKT W. C'owan. 

Mount \ ernon, N. Y. 
S. Gregg Ci.auk, 

New Jersey. 
K. '1\ Cani'^iI'IJ), 

Hartford, Conn. 
Sri'.NCKK Dayton, 

I'hillipa, West Va. 
Lkk I'. Dkan. 

Bridgeport. Conn. 
H. C. DempsKy, 

Danbury, Conn. 
WiUJAM H. Ely,^ 

New Haven, Conn. 
JuifN R. Farnum, 

Washington, D. C. 


Bridgeport, Conn. 
W. W. Guthrie, 

Atkinson, Kansas. 
Robert E. Hall. 

Danbury. Conn. 
Charles R. Hatiiway, 

So. Manchester. 
AIarcus H. Holcomb, 

Southington, Conn. 
Joiix D. Howe, 

St. Paul, Minn. 
Edward J. Hubbard, 

Trinidad, Col. 
Frank W. Hubbard. 

New York. N. Y 
Frank L. Hunger ford, 

New Britain, Conn. 
Walter S. Judd. 

New York City. 

WlLLL\:kt KXAI'P, 

Denver, Col. 
Fred M. Koehler, 
Livingston, Mont. 

Frank 1). Linsley, 

IMiilmont, \. \. 
Rev. A. N. Lewis, 

New Haven. Conn. 
Theodore M. Maltiue, 

Hartford, Conn. 
T. Dwicirr Merwin. 

Wasiiingt(jn. 1 ). C. 
Nathan Morse, 

Akron. ( )hio. 
Fred E. Mygatt, 

New York City. 
Wise P. Mulville. 

New Canaan. 
Wm. H. O'Hara, 

New York City. 


New York City. 
Fred a. Scott. 

Hartford, Conn. 
Morris W. Seymour, 

Bridgeport. Conn. 
Origin Storrs Seymour, 

New York City. 
George F. Shelton, 

I'.utte, M(Mit. 
George E. Taet. 

Unionville. Conn. 


John Q. Thayer. 

Meriden, Conn. 
Frederick C. Webster, 

Missoula, Mont. 
Rev. Edwin A. White. 

Bloomfield, N. J. 
John F. Wynne. 

New Haven, C<jnn. 


Governors of Connecticut who were members of this bar. 
Gen. Oliver Wolcott 1796-1798 Oliver Wolcott. Jr. l^i7-i«-^3 
John Cotton Smith 1813-1817 W'" ^V- Ellsworth 1S38-1842 
Charles B. Andrews 1879- 1881 




Members of this bar who have been Judges of the Superior 
Court. Those starred. nienil)ers of the Supreme Court of Errors. 

Roger Sherman/'" 1766- 1789 

Andrew Adams/'" 1789- 1798 

Chief Justice, 1793. 
Tapping- Reeve.''' 1798-1815 

Chief Justice, 1814. 
Nathaniel Smith. 1806- 18 19 

Jolin Cotton Smith," 1809-1811 
James (h)uI(I.''' 1816-1819 

John T. rVters. 1818-1834 

Samuel Church. '•= 1833 -1854 

Chief Justice, 1847. 
Wm. W. Ellsworth.* 1842-1861 
J. W. Huntington,'^ 1834- 1840 

1 86/)- 1867 
I 870- I 874 

David C. Sanford.* 
Origen S. Seymour, 
Gideon Hall, 
Miles T. (iranger.* 
Origen S. Seymour, 

Chief Justice, 1873. 
Roland Hitchcock. 1874-1882 
Charles 1'.. Andrews,* 188 2-1901 

Chief Justice. 1889-1901. 
Augustus H. Fenn.* 1887-1897 
Edward W. Sevmour,* 1889-1^02 
A. T. Roraliack.* 1897 

The follow in. 
perior Court. 

Frederick Wolcott, 
Origen S. Seymour 
O. S. Sevmour. 
G. H. Hollister. 
G. H. Hollister. 
Elisha Johnson. 

members of the bar have been Clerks of the Su- 

1798- I 836 
I 844- I 845 
1 850- 1 85 1 

F. D. Beeman, 
Henry B. Graves. 
F. D. Beeman. 
William L. Ransom. 
Dwight C. Kilbonrn. 




1 ^Sj- 


The following members of the bar have been Attorneys for th- 
State, or King's Attorney. 

Joshua Whitney, 1752, 
Samuel Petibone, 1756. 
Reynold ]\larvin. 1764. 
Andrew Adams, 1772. 
John Canfield, 1786. 
Tajjping Reeve. 1788. 
I'riah Tracy. 1789. 
John Allen, 1800. 
Nathaniel Smith. 1806. 
Elisha Sterlinir. 1814. 
Seth P. Beers',' 1820. 

Samuel Church, 1825. 
David C. Sanford. 1840. 
Leman Church, 1844. 
John H. Hubbard, 1845. 
Leman Church, 1847. 
John H. lluijbard, i84(;., 
Julius B. Harrison. 18^2. 
Gideon Hall. 1854. 
Charles F. Sedgwick, 1856. 
James Huntington. 1874. 
Donald T. Warner. 1896. 


The following have been the Sheriffs for IJlchtield County 
from its organization: 




<^livcr Wolcott. 1751-1771 llenr\ A. I')Otsf(ir<I, 1X06-1869 

Lvnde Lord, 1771-1801 (icori^v II. P.aldwiii, \i^(tij-iHyS 

John R. Ivandon, 1801-1819 John I). Yale, 1878-1881 

Moses Seymour, jr.. 1819-1825 diaries I. Torter, 1 881 -1884 

Ozias Seymour, 1825-1834 1 leiiry j. Allen, 1X84-1895 

Albert Se(ls.(wick, [834-1X35 Edward .\. .\ellis. 1895-1903 

(."harles A. Judson. 1835-1X38 C. C. Middlehrooks, 1903-1907 

.Albert Sedi^wick. 18^8-1X54 1'". 1 1. 'Purkiut^ton. k/)/- 

L. W. Wessells, 1X54-1X66 


The first Court House of the County was built at Litchii-ld in 
1751-52. It stood on the public scjuare directly in front of and 
about one hundred and fifty feet distant from the site of the present 
one. It was a very plain looking building about twenty-five feet 
wide by thirty-six long and fifteen feet posts. In it was a huge 
stone chimney and a monstrous fire-place. It was in existence as 
a part of one of the stores of the village until the great fire of 1888. 
It cost as near as can be ascertained from the County Treasurer's 
books ^3343 4s 9d. The tax paid by each town was as follows: 














1 124 

r I 

1 1 



Xcw .Milford 























.\ew Hartford 


Th€ second Court House was located on the same site now- 
occupied by the present one, it was given to the County for that 
purpose by Moses Seymour. It was l)uilt in 1789 at a cost to the 
County of five thousand dollars ; and whatever it cost over that 
was made up In- private contributions. It was designed b\' Wil- 
liam Spratt an English Architect whose original drawing of it is 
now in existence. 

After many years it was believed that the spire was unsafe and 
it was taken off and the one shown in our cut of it was added 
which ruined the whole efifect of the front. 

It was a veritable temple of justice, the interior being like a 
church all in one large high room with a jury room in one corner 
and a gallery at one end with stairs leading up to it. It toi>k a 
large amount of wood to fill the immense fire-places and keep it 
warm during the sessions in the winter. The judges sat on a 
raised platform at one end with a pulpit-like desk in front of them 
and looked down with great majesty and dignity upon the arena 
in front and beneath them. 

I2S i.n\'iirn:i.i) coiNrN- i'.kxch and iak 

After a numl)cr of years (in 1 818) an arrangement was made by 
and l)et\veen the lnwn of Litchiield and the county officials where- 
liy the town was permitted to divide the high room and make an 
upper and a lower room ; the courts to use the upper one and the 
town the lower rooiu and this arrangement continued to the time of 
its destruction by fire June 10, 1886. The expenses of repairs and 
maintaining- were divided between the town and county. 

It has been often remarked that this old court room was one 
of the pleasantest in the State and although devoid of every modern 
convenience, it was a delight to lawyers and judges to practice 
therein. From its windows the finest of landscapes greeted the 
eye. the beautiful lakes encircled by emerald hills and the mountain 
peaks be\ond towering into the blue sky, the fertile and well 
tilled farms on every side made a natural ])anorama that soothed 
the weary l)rain of the tired lawyer. The great Franklin stoves 
filled wiili ?\It. Tom hickory wood made snapping sparkling fires. 
The graceful arching over head the quaint wooden benches and 
painted carvings, all delighted the eye and by their simple efifects 
aided the judges and worn-out jurors in solving the intricate prob- 
lems they were called to try. 

The jury room in the cold bleak north-west corner was not a 
parlor. A big sheet iron stove for wood, a dozen wooden benches, 
and a ]")lain table was the make-up of this trysting place ; there 
was little prospect of comfort for an all night session of a dis- 
agreeing jury and they seldom lingered patiently about. Their 
verdicts generally were rendered altogether too speedily for the i^oor 
prisoner in the box or the fellow who lost his case. 

'I'he States Attorney's room was entirely wanting. In those 
primitive times those officials carried their all in their heads and 
])ockets and what the attorney failed to do in his last argument the 
Court carefullx- supi)lemented in his charge. The practice in the 
criminal cases was largely a degree of elo(|ucnce and if the testi- 
mony was weak the advocate was strong and never failed to men- 
tion what the witnesses ought to have said. 

The Clerk's office was also absent and he was ixM-mitted to 
rent at his own exi)ense an office in some otlier l)uilding and keep 
the records and files wherever he chose. The judge's room was 
not thought of in tlie olden days. Wh\- should he need one? No 
findings of facts were required of him anrl when the sherifif ad- 
journed the court his duties ceased. 

On the morning of the iith of June. 1886 nothing iXMiiaiiied of 
this old building where so many memories clustered but llie two 
great chimneys. The fire fiend in its ruthless track had swept 
everything away. 

Directly after the fire in 188^) attempts were made to di\-ide the 
County or divert the Court to other ])laces, and the town of Litch- 
field began to erect another Court House which was practically 


compU'tcd about tlic 1st of Auj^ust 1888. It was a wooden struc- 
ture somewhat like the f(jriner one with good arrangements for 
court, clerk, jury, judges and attorneys rooms. On the morning 
of the 8th of August j888 before it had been turned over to or 
occupied by the County this also lay in ashes. 

Immediately the town took action towards building another 
Court House and appointed a committee consisting of tlon. Charles 
B. Andrews, Dr. Henry W. Buel, Henry B. Graves, Esq., with 
Jacob Morse and Garner B. Curtiss, selectmen of the town. The 
result of their action is the present building at Litchfield built of 
stone and practically fire proof with excellent accomodations for 
all court purposes and presented to the County by the town and 
accepted by the count}- commissioners in behalf of and for the 
county on the iith of March, 1890. 

Meanwhile the agitation about dividing the county and court 
business continued until finally it resulted in an act of the legisla- 
ture allowing courts to be held at Litchfield, Winchester and New 
Milford upon the two latter towns providing suitable accomoda- 
tions. Whereupon the town of Winchester leased to the county 
such a Iniilding with suitable accomodations for the courts of the 
county on the 9th of August, 1887 and the town of New Milford 
also leased such building and accomodations on the 15th day of 
August, 1887 and the courts are now held at each of said places 
]iracticallv holding court wherever it is most convenient to try the 

In 1905 the town of Winchester increased the Court accomo- 
dations by adding four large spacious rooms and fire proof vault 
with metal fixtures, making this Court building one of the best in 
the State for its purposes. 

In T907 a bill was presented before the General .Assembly of 
Connecticut, ordering the removal to W^inchester from Litchfield, 
of the civil records and files of the Superior Court, with the seal 
and Clerk, making Winchester practically the main office of the 
Court. It also provided for the removal of all the files of the Com- 
mon Pleas Court and seal, to the Winsted Court House. The bill, 
however, failed of passage. 


The Statutes of Connecticut provide for the selection of jury- 
men for the several towns, and also prescribe the number to which 
each town is entitled. 

Various ways of selecting these men have been provided in 
former years, but the present method seems to have l>een more 
nearly satisfactory than any of the past ones. 

The Selectmen of each town are required to forward to the 
Clerk of the Superior Court during the month of May the names 
of twice the number the town is entitled to. The Judges at their 


annual meeting- in June appoint two Jury Commissioners to act 
witli the Clerk of the Superior Court, who is by Statute a Jury 
Commissioner, wlio meet on the second Monday of July and select 
one half of the names returned by the Selectmen. These names, 
so selected, are j^rinted on slips of paper, and those of each town 
are placed in a box by themselves, and are the names of the men 
liable for jury duty from each town for the year from the following 
September tirst. When a petit jury is required, the Clerk draws 
them without seeing the name, from such towns as he desires, in 
the ])rescnce of a Judge and a Sheriff. 


This important part of the Court deserves a very honorable 
mention. The juries of this County have been composed of the 
very best class of men ; men of good judgment and sterling common 
sense, seldom carried away with the oratory or pathos of the ad- 
vocate or losing sight of the issues of the case. 

There are some incidents related of jury trials that tend to show 
that they are but men and liable to some of the caprices of human 
nature. The common style of voting blank upon a case by one or 
more of them on the first ballot is of very little consequence only 
showing that some people do not form conclusions as raj^dly as 

That the jurymen do not always agree witli tlic Ci'iun is illus- 
trated by a case in which Jnclge Carpenter in charging the jury 
remarked "Now gentlemen, if you believe this incredible story you 
will convict the prisoner, but if you do not believe it you must 
acquit him." The jury after a long consultation disagreed. Upon 
receiving further instruction in which the incredible story was dis- 
credited still more strongly, they again retired and after mature 
deliberation they still disagreed. Another strdiig instruction, re- 
tirement and disagreement, when they were discharged from further 
consideration of the case. It was ascertained they stood eleven for 
conviction and one for acquittal. 

In another case wherein a man sued an officer for false im- 
prisonment it was admitted that the officer was liable and the 
judge charged the jury that they were the ones to assess the 
damages. The ofifense was where an officer arrested a drunk and 
put him in the town lockup over night, intending to try him in the 
morning; before the trial however the man's friends hearing of 
his condition went to the locku]) o])ene(l the door and carried him 
away. After being out a long time the jury returned much to every 
ones surprise a verdict for the defendant. The explanation that the 
jury gave was that the man was rescued by his friends bef<^re the 
officer had had a reasonable time to i)rosecute the offense. 

.A man was prosecuted for an assault and battery of rntlier au 
aggravated nature: he claimed it was done in self defence. It was 

i;i)\\.\l<l) W. SKYMOUR. 

IllS'l'OKHAI, NoTi:S f.V 

shown that llic p^irlies had an ahcrcation and the accused fullfnvcd 
up thr C(>inj)laiijaui and p(iun<k'd him. The prisoner admiltcd it, 
hut claiiiK'd he was ohh^rd ii> I'ullow u|) t'dr fear thai the other man 
would, as soon as he i^rA a Utile distance from him. turn around 
and shoot him. Tlu- jury ])ondered a loii^ while, then relurne<l to 
the Court Room fur instructions. The foreman >aid they wished 
to know how far the law allowed a man to follow up another with 
a sled stake in self defense. 


Of course our Courts had all sorts ot witnesses to deal with 
from the garrulous man who knows e\-erylhin,L;'. to the reticent man 
who knows noiliiiio and has lorgotten that. 

A few specimens are preserved in the traditions of our elders. 

A child was asked if he knew the nature of an oath and he re- 
plied "Xo sir." Then the kind lu'arted judg'e leaned over the side 
of his desk and smilinyl} asks "My son don't you know what you're 
going- to tell?" "Yes, sir." said the boy, "that old bald headed 
lawver over there told me what I nuist say." ".\dminister the 
oath, -Mr. Clerk."' 

A witness in a criminal case lialed from a unsavory ])lace called 
"Pinch (^lUt ;"' he w as duly sworn and u]Jon being asked his name, 
gave it. The next ipiestion was "Where do you reside?" Xo 
answer came, 'i'he (piestiim was repeated twice and the last time 
with great severity. The witness turned with dignity to the judge 
and said. ".Must I answer that (|ue?tion?" "Why not?" said the 
Court, "llecause" said the witness "I have been told that no man 
was obliged to criminate himself." 

Witnesses are often ridiculed for making evasive answers to 
attorneys' cpiestions but ])erliaps the\' do not always fully under- 
stand the (piery. The following is a cjuestion asked by a learned 
c-ttorney in the trial of a tax case, taken from liie Stenographer's 
notes : 

O. "What 1 want to ask you is whether comparing his land 
with the other lands that ycni have been swearing about here, you 
have sworn to some 30 other farms, and in com])arison. that is, I 
mean whether, how should you lake them in comparison, how 
should you consider them, if you take that as a liasis. they are 
assessed for $3,000. Taking that as a l)asis for your comparison, 
how shoidd vou start?" 


In 1884 the Ceneral Assembl\- passed an act i)roviding for the 
appointment of a Stenographer fiM" the Superion Court in each of 
the Counties. About 1886 Mr. Leonard W. Cogswell was ap- 
pointed for this County and has held the ])Osition since that date. 

Leonard W. Cogswell. Fs(|.. the official stenographer is a na- 

I.I ri"iii"ii;i.i) (.(HXTN- i:i:\(,ii and i;.\k 


tive of Litchfield County, and was born in New Preston, in July 
1863, and enjoyed all the lii^hts and shadows of a fanner's son on 
a rugged farm upon the side of Mt. Bushnell. He polished up an 
education received at the districe school and X'illage Academy by 
a term at Claverack College at Hudson, X. Y. In 1884 he quit 
the farm and went to New Haven and learned short hand. In 
1886 he was ajjpointed official Stenographer of Litchfield County, 
and holds the same position for Windham County. His services 
are in great demand during the sessions of the Legislature, by the 
Committees thereof. 

He was admitted to tlic liar of Xew Haven County in June, 
1897. and resides in Xew Haven. In the preparation of this 
memoir we are in(lel)te(l to him for the preservation of the re- 
marks at tile liamiuel. and for ])oetical selections herein. 

STL'DKnt's i.ii'K. 

At the Tlar Dinner in 1901 Judge Roraback in his remarks gave 
a few reminisences of his student days which are worthy of preser- 
vation as illustrating how lawyers were made in the country of- 
fices. Upon being introduced by the 'Poastmaster he responded 
as follows : 

Mr. Toastmaster, and gentlemen of the Litchfield County : 
T hardly f-xpected to make a speech, but the reference that was 


lirSTOKlTAT, N()Ti;S IT,}, 

made 1)\ my dislinmiislu'd t'ric-nd. I )Mii;ild j. WanuT carries iiic hack- 
to the month of .\i)ril, 1X70. That is almost 32 years. I then 
commenced the stndy nt lUackslone in his office. Well, I pounded 
a\\a\ at I '.lack-stone lOi" five months, and learned it pretty thorf)Uj:(h- 
ly. As 1 rememher it, if it had hc-en set to music F think I could 
have sun^- it. It was pretty dry wdik and prett}' hard work. l.>ut 
one morning- 1). j. came in, ami he says, "Rorahack. you have been 
]M)un(lin,n' awa\' at lilackstniif some time, would'nt you like a 
chauiijl'e?" \\\11, I hardly knew what was coming, whether it was 
a change from I'.lackstone to C"hilt\-. or what it was, hut T looked 
n]) ai him. and 1 said I thou.L^ht 1 wnuld. ■"All rij[,dit," he said, "T 
have .L^ot a client for yon."" I conld hardly believe it. .\ real 
client with a cast'? It was the first ra\- of liiijht, the first cjleam 
of lio])e in those lon^' months: to have a client, a real live client. 
Me hrousi'ht him in. 1 wish yon could ha\-e seen him. lie was 
colored. Tlis trousers were stuck in the toi)s of his boots, he was 
out at the seat of his jxants. hut he was a client; my first client. It 
was m\- tirst case, and 1 was happw The case was returnable l)e- 
fore Daniel Tratt, a justice who had his office in the'e of 
Salisburw 1 went to \\-ork to ])rei)are m\' case, and at the time 
stated for the trial 1 was there with my client. I made the g'reat. 
supreme, and sublime effort of my life. There was'nt any attorney 
for the ])laintiff. T ai)i)eared for the defensi'. Tt was'nt necessary 
that the ])laintiff should be rei)resented. The mag'istrate occupied 
that i)osition, and when T had finishe(l m\- aro;ument he made his. 
Tt was ver\- effective; iust S36.22 for the ])laintirf and costs. Well, 
of course T felt crestfallen. T came down to the office the next 
morning-, and Donald J- the elder came in, and he asked me how 
T got along- w-ith the case. T had to tell him T got beat. Thoroug-h- 
ly beaten. And he said to me, "( )h. well, never mind that. "N'ou 
will come across those little misfortunes once in a while in vour 
practice of law. btit. of coin-se, vou won't get au\- pay." "T did. T 
got my ]iay."' "A'ou did? How- much did \ou get?" "'$6.""?6," 
Donald J. says, "that is better than a victorx ; 1 have been defending- 
that cussed nig-ger in season and out of season for the past twenty- 
five years, and T never received a cent," and he grasped me warmly 
by the hand, and he sa\s, "Rorahack. \<iu will be a success." That 
was case Xo. 1, Afy first case. 

Case Xo. 2 was the case of Julius Afoses vs. \"irgil Roberts. 
A'irgil Roberts was an old farmer that lived down on the Gay St. 
n^ad, as T remember it. When the case came to trial D. J. said to 
nie that 1 had better come along- down and write the evidence. So 
I went along- down and wrote the evidence, and when the evidence 
was all in D. J. sjjoke to me over across the table and he says, 
'■Rorahack, \ou get u]) and make the opening- arg-unient." T was 
demoralized, for gentlemen, sitting- on the other side was Gen'l. 
Charles S. Sedgwick. You never saw- him, most of vou. but he 

134 i.rrcunKi.D cointy bknch and 

was a man that stood six feet fi>ur in his stockint;^s, and weii^hed 
250 lbs. I am afraid I made very poor work of it with that ^reat 
ii^iant on the other side. T was afraid. I verily believe if the old 
(General had stamjKxl his foot and yelled "scat." I would have i^one 
through the window and forever abandoned the idea of studyincf 
Jaw. But we fou,c:ht it out. I s^ot up and made my arj^ument, 
and then the old General got up and made Xo. 2. and then Donald 
J. Warner made the closin^'. Talk about wit, and talk about sar- 
casm, talk about eloquence, T learned the lesson riqht there and 
then that it was not the avoirdupois of the lawyer that wins cases, 
("ien. Sedi^'wick was three score and ten. He lived alon^' a few 
• ears, and wrote a little pamphlet on his experiences in titt\- years 
at the Litchticld County liar. He was then state attorney 

r,AR IJl'.RARV. 

The matter of having a Bar Library at the Court House was 
attended to at an early date. The following action of the Bar is an 
interesting- Record. 

"At a meeting of the Bar December 29, 1819. 

The following Report of a Committee having been read was 
adopted. "To the Bar of the County of Litchfield. The Sub- 
scribers having been appointed by said Bar, a Committee to enquire 
into the expediency of commencing a Law Library for the use of the 
Bar, (and if deemed expedient to devise some mode by which it 
may be obtained), having attended to the subject beg leave to re- 
port in part. That the Bar now owns six volumns of the Statutes 
of Massachusetts, the two volumns of the revised edition of the 
Statutes of Xew York, published in 1813. and the two volumes of 
the Statutes of A'ermont jniblished in 1808; that there now remains 
unexpended the sum of Seventeen Dollars formerly raised by the 
Bar for the ])urpose of purchasing Statutes of other States. 

And further report that it is expedient that there be raised by 
the Bar the further sum of One Hundred and Fifty-six Dollars to 
be paid and apportioned to the members thereof as follows: 

Elisha Sterling $6.00 Jabez \\'. Huntington 5.00 

Jno. G. Mitchell 3.00 Samuel Church 5.00 

Reuben Hunt 2.00 W'm. M. Burrall S-OO 

W. S. Holabird 3.00 .Michael F. Mills ^.00 

Calvin Bmler 4.00 1 iolbrook C\irtiss 4.00 

Chas. B. 1 'helps 5.00 .\athaniel !'>. Smith 3.00 

Xath'l. Perry, Jr. 2.00 Rt)ger Mills 4.00 

R. R. Hinman 4.00 Philo X. Heacock 2.00 

Perry Smith 6.00 Homer Swift 3.00 

Xath'l. Perry 4.00 Geo. Wheaton 3,00 

Cyrus v^wan 5.00 T^hineas Miner 6.00 

Asa Bacon 7.00 Philander Wheeler 3.00 


Will. C'oj^^swcll 



Ansfl SUrlinj; 



Theodore Xortli 



Seth 1'. I leers 



Matthew Minor 



Isaac Leavenworth 



lllSToKlCAI. NOTKS I ^ :^ 

Ix'nian Churcli 
Josei)h Miller 
W'ni. (i. Williams 
Xoali 1!. r.eiKtlict 
John Stronj^ 
Jos. 1'.. Bellamy 
J)a\i(l v^. I'oardman 

.\ii(l that said sums of Seventeen and ( )ne llumlred and l'"it'tv- 
six Dollars with such further sum as the Court may ai)i)roi)riate from 
the County Treasurer for that purpose, be a])plied to the purchase 
of the Law Books hereinafter mentioned, or such other ll(K)ks as 
the liar may hereafter direct, viz: 

l\ir))\'s l\e])orts. Root's l\e])orts. Day's Cases in l^rror. Con- 
necticut Kei)orts, Swift's Evidence. Swift's System, Chitty's I'lead- 
in,y;s. Lane's Pleadings, Phillip's Evidence, Johnson's Reports, ^Lls- 
sachusetts Reports. 

All of which is res])ectfullv suhmilted. 

Signed per ( irder, 

S. P. P>eers. Clniinnaii. 

The books mentioned in this re])ort were purchased and are 
now in the Librar\- at Liicliht'ld. The only ])rMvision for the in- 
crease of the Liljrary which 1 find is an admission tee of h'ive Dol- 
lars from a new attornc} , until I1S74, nor do the books in the Li- 
brar\ show additions of any account. 

In 1874, it was \'oted .\s a standini;- Rule of the Bar, that each 
member ])a_\- to the treasurer thereof the sum of One Dollar each, 
yearly, to be expended in the ])urchase of P)Ooks for the benefit and 
use of the said liar. Said ])a\mcnts to be made at the annual meet- 
ing- in each }ear. 

In 1877 the Legislature enacted a Bill providing for the forma- 
tion of County Law Library Associations. The County Commis- 
sioners were to ])ay in their discretion each year on the first of 
Januar\- a sum not exceeding Three Hundred Dollars, for the 
support thereof. The Litchfield County Law Library Association 
was duly organized and received money from the County Treasurer 
for one year, after which the discretion of the Commissioners did 
not mature, and ])aynients ceased, for some years. In 1897 an act 
was ])assed making the payment obligatory of one hundred and 
fifty dollars to each of the libraries at Litchfield, Winsted and Xew 
.\Iilford, since which time a good suppl\' of law books may be found 
HI each Court House. 

At the session of the T^egislature of 1907 an act was passed re- 
quiring the County Commissioners to pay each library four hundred 
dollars a year. 

At Xew Milford large accessions came from be(|uests of Bros. 
Henrv S. Sanford and lames IL McMahon. 


I.ITt. Illli:i.l) CdlNTV liKNCIl. AM) I'.AK 


Tn 1906 ]]]■(). McMalion left l)v his will the snin of $1,200 to 
1h' ec[iia]ly divided hetwc'eii the three lihraries. which was a\-ailal)lc 
in KJ07. and has l.ein ])aid t^ the conmiitlees. 

In each I'nurt Ihiuse nia\' 1)e fotmd a first class working' lihrary 
with MiiiH' i)f the Repiirts of cither States. 

In ic;oo the liar \i>ted that all the law hooks of the l'>ar As- 
Sf)ciation he ])resented to the Litchfield C'onnty Law Lihrary As- 
sociation, so that all the hooks are nnder one manai^einent. 

AAkoX WlllTl'; IT XI). 

Another hrancli of these lihraries is i)nrchased hx' the income 
rlerived from a l)e(|nest of Aaron White, a law\er who 1)\' his will 
left to each (."ount\- Law l.ihrarx- one thonsand dollars lor certain 
classes of books. 

The following' acconnt of .Mr. While who deceased, in 1X86, 
taken from a newsi)a])er, will no douht he ot interest in this con- 
nection and is worthy ot preseiAatioii. 

A I'.oston (I'/obc corres])ondc'nt tells the following- story of .\aron 
White of (Juinneban^ : — 

.\aron White has ti.L;nri'(l in his life as the most I'ccenlric man 
in this localit\. and one who is wideh known in Alassachusetls, 


VoniK'Clicul ami Kliodc Islaml. \\v was Ixiiii in liDylsluii, Mass.. 
()ctol)<.T S, i7<;X, ami was tlu' I'liU'st of wu rliil'lnn, seven lK)ys and 
three .iiiil>, iiiiie nl wlnini are now liviiiLi. lie entered Harvard 
enlle,i;e. ^radiiatiiiL; in a class of sixt\ -ei.^lU members in 1X17. Of 
]iis elassniat(,s onl} se\en are now living-. Mr. White, in reeonntinj^' 
incidents ol his collei;"e hie, shows a wondcrlnl memory. .\mon^ 
his classmates were the Va[c lion. Sui)hen Salishnry of \\'(»reester. 
the Hon. (k'or^e Bancroft, the lion. Caleb C'ushini;'. whom he con- 
sidered \hv most laleiiied man he ever met: Samuel Sevvall. now 
li\-in.i;' in I'.oston : 1 )r. lohn dreen of Lowell, the T\ev. Dr. Tyni;;' of 
the h'.i)i>eo]ial chnreh, now lixinL; in rhildeli)hia : John I). Wells of 
Jioston. one of the L;reatest anatomists of his day, and I'rofessor 
Alva Woods, formerly i)resident of the Transylvania colle.q'e in the 
Sontli. lixin^- in Providence. When llu- "'horr War" broke ont 
Scjuire White was livini;" in W'oonsockel. "( '.overnor" Dorr, be- 
inj;- at the head of the controvesy, called u])on Mr. White, for advice 
■'as a friiMid and ac(|naintance,"" which resnlled in frequent visits 
between tliein. This resulted afterwards in both White and Dorr 
b.cinj^" obliiL^ed to leave the state, both t^oini^' to Tiioni])son, Conn. 
Soon after. Mr. White secretly li^ot l^orr into Xew Hampshire. 
The authorities in Khodc Island used a warrant for the arrest of 
S(|uire While, in which he was called the "commander-in-chief"' of 
the forces that opposed the state. They called on Governor Chauncy 
Cleveland of Connecticut for assistance, which was refused. They 
afterwards called on Coveruor John Davis of Massachusetts to ar- 
rest White when he came to Dudley. Webster or Worcester, l)ut 
Ciovernor Davis as in the case of Governor Cleveland, refuser] to 
grant the rec|uest. Uoth governors were in sympathy with Dorr 
and ^\'hite. The Rhode Island authorities then threatened to send 
an armed force to kidnap Squire White at his home in Quinnebaug-. 
Governor Davis then issued a warrant for White's arrest if seen in 
Massachusetts, but this warrant was not intended to harm S(|uire 
\\'hite. for it was to run only thirty days from its date. The result 
was that Scpiire White remained unmolested in his quiet home on 
the banks of the ])lacid Ouinnebaug-. He is a lawyer and his busi- 
ness has l)een such as settling- estates, drawing- uj) wills, giving^ ad- 
vice, etc., and he has always been considered a safe man to consult 
on such 1)usiness. When he was in his ]M-ime he was six feet in 
height, lightlv l)uilt and ver\ long-limbed, weighing: 160 pounds. 
He is nearly blind, liis eyesight having been failing for some five 

In his college days he, with Caleb Cushing-. collected several 
rare coins. Later he engaga>(l in collecting- old-fashioned coppers. 
When the g-(wernment called in the old coppers in 1863 or there- 
abouts, issuing- new ones, and for three years afterwards, he was 
most active in picking- them up. His reason for g-oing^ into this 
business was that he thought it very ])rofitable. He visited the mint 


at Philadelphia, making- arranj^^enicnts with the officers to take 
these coppers and t^ive him new pennies in return, the t4"overnment 
to pav all expenses in shii)pin^' to and from his home. This busi- 
ness, which he has carried on for some fifteen years, as a whole has 
netted him a larj^e amount of profit. He has some instances sold 
copper coins of rare date for from $1 to $3, and in one case he re- 
ceived $5 for a rare copper. He paid from forty to forty-four 
cents per pound, "i^ood, bad and indifferent." selectin«^- the g^od 
ones from them and shipping the rest to the mint. In his tri])s he 
visited the ])rincipal cities and large towns in \ew I'.ugland. collect- 
ing many thousand coins as a result. 

After the death of Mr. White in 1886, his executors found man\- 
barrels of coj^per cents — of the "not rare" ones. About four tons 
of these coins were re(lecinc<l by the Sulj-Treasurv at Washington. 


Fourth. — ( )ut of ilie residue of the estates so given in trust as 
aforesaid, to pav to tlie Treasurers of the ]iresent eight Counties 
in the State of Connecticut, to each the sum of ( )ne Thnusand 
Dollars in lawful money, to be by them received in trust, as funds 
for the procurement and maintenance of County liar Libraries 
in their respective Counties, in their several County Court Houses, 
for the sole use of the Judges and Clerks of Courts therein, Mem- 
bers of the Piar, and their students at law while in the offices of 
said Bar members, in their respective Comities : which funds or the 
annual income thereof, as said I'ar Mem])ers may direct, shall be 
expended tmder their direction in the i)urchase of Books of His- 
tory, and liooks of Moral and Political Philoso])li\". 

And in case said residue last mentioned be not sufficient for 
the payment of all said legacies to said Counties in full, then saitl 
residtie. in equal ])ortions to said (.'ounties for the pur|)oses afore- 
said shall be deemed a fulltilment of their trust. Such payment 
to be made within three years from the time of my decease.'^ 


At a meeting of the Pitchheld C'ount\- liar held at the L'ourt 
House in Litchfield on the 4th day of jaimary 1851 the following" 
preamble and resolution was adopted: 

W'lii'.KKAS. Huring the ])resent year a centur\ will elapse since 
the organization of the County of Litchfield: and 

WiiKKKAS, .\ Centennial celebration of that e\ent has been under 
consideration. Therefore 

RksoiaKI), That Chas. I'.. Phelps, ( ). S. Seymour, John 11. Hub- 
l)ard, C.ideon Hall. C. II. llollister. J. I'.. Harrison and j. P.. 
Foster l-'sciuires, lie a Committee of the Par to call a meeting" of 
citizens of the Countv to consider that subject and to take such 

F. 1). r.KKMAN' 


ordiT iIktcdii I)\ aiJpoiiUiinnl nf a Cnnimiltri- nt' an aiiL;c-imMits <>r 
otherwise as sliall l)e i1imul;IiI best. 

1' . I ). I '.eeman, ( Irrh. 
In pursiiaiux' of llusr pijoeeedinm's the Centennial Celehralioii 
of Aui^usi 1S51 was lield. Se\'eral thousand people were |)resenl. 
jiid.He v^aniiul C'liurch (kli\cTed [\]v Historical address which is 
reprinted in this \(ilunie. Horace lUishnell the serniDn and John 
I 'ierpi >nt the ])oeni. 

I) Wll) l)AC,(;i".TT. 

At a nieetini;- of the liar of J.itchlield County durin.i;- the Auij;:ust 
Term 1834, a Committee was appointed to prei)arc an address to 
the lion. Havid Da.y-.^elt. Chief justice of the State, on the occasion 
of the near ai)|)r(iach of liis term of judicial service, which Com- 
mittee reported to the I'.ar the followins^' address, wiiicli was In- 
order of the liar communicated to the Ifon. Daxiil l)ainL;ctt. and 
tOi;"et]ier witli tln' r(.])l\ lliereto was ordered to he recorded U])on 
the records of the l'>ar. 

"To the Hon. David Dag-^ett. Chief Justice of the State of 
Connecticut. Sir: — Tlie luemhcrs of the I'ar of the County of 
Litchfield, lia\in^- heard from a communication which you made 
to the Legislature of the State at its last sessi(jn that your judicial 
term of office scr\ice will ex])ire by Constitutional linn'tation dur- 
ing the ])resent }ear, and consequently not expecting- to meet you 
again in your official character, beg leave to express to you the high 
sense which they entertain of the ability, integrit\' and imnartiality. 
which yon have manifested ui)on the bench, and to thank you 
cordiallv for the uniform kindness and courtesy with which you 
have treated them when the\- have had occasion to appear before 
you to discharge the arduous duties of their i^rofession. Tn taking 
leave of you we cannot but recollect that it is now rising of forty 
years since \ on first formed a connection with the of this 
Countv, and that \<ni were long- associated in practice with Adams. 
Reeve, Smith, Tracv, Allen, Kirby. Benedict. Slosson and South- 
ma\(le, whose briglu names are inscribed on oiu" records and whose 
mcmorv will be cherished so long as learning, talent and virtue 
shall command esteem : nor can w^e forget that your labors may 
be traced in the verv foundations of the judicial system of C<^nnecti- 
cut. nor that vou have exercised a haj^py influence in adorning that 
svstem with various learning, and in bringing it to its jiresent 
matured condition. 

A\'e tender aou our best wishes that the residue of your days 
mav be as happv as vour life has been heretofore distinguished and 

Per order of the Par. 

Phineas Miner. Chuiniuin. 
Geo. C. Woodruff. Clerk pro tciu. 
Litchfield. August 29th.. 1834. 

MO 1.1 II iii'ii:i.i) toiN ^^ i;i:ncii and p.ak 

'I'hc following- is the reply made In tlic lion. David Dai^'^ott to 
the torcLioin^- address. 

■■'1\> the niemhers of the I'.ar of Litchtield of the Countv of 
Litchfield : 

Cicntlenieii : — 1 lu'n-e received with hi<^h satisfaction the address 
si-^ned ])y I'hineas Miner and (ieorme C. ^\'oodruiT, Ksquire-;, 
your Chairman and Secretary, which yon did me the honor to 
communicate to me this daw 

in taking- lea\-e of a I'.ar so distinj^-uished, 1)\' the illustrious 
names inscrihed on its records, it is impossihle that 1 should not 
entertain a qrateful recollection of the memories of those who are 
now a wax innu :i\\ earthlx- scenes, and also cherish a lively affec- 
tion and res])ect for tliose who now occup_\" with such honor their 

If my official conduct on the bench deserves the commendation 
bestmved upon it. much of it is justly due to the i^entlemen of a 
Bar ever characterized by ability, intej^rity. industry and learning'. 
Of your courtesy towards me and \()ur gentlemanly deportment 
towards each other while engaged in the conflicts of the Bar, I 
cannot s])eak in terms sufficiently expressive of the feelings of 
my heart. The}- will be recollected with grateful affection. How 
much such an intercourse between the Bar and the bench tends 
to alleviate the burdens of the judicial station, can be known only 
by those who have had the ]ileasm"e to v^•itness it. 

T ])ray }ou to acce])t m\- fervent wishes for the prosperity and 
happiness of you individualh-. and my cordial thanks for this ex- 
pression of your esteem and res])ect. 

David Daggett. 
T.itcb.field. August 28th.. 1834. 

.\ true cop\'. .Attest. 

Wm. V. Burrall. Clerk. 

idiKT i;xi'i:xsi:s. 

In the earlier i)arl of the centur\- the judges were gi\'en a cer- 
tain sum ])er da\ and their dinners. 

Among the- \duchers of the past the following bill ot Court 
ex])enses a])])ears. 

The State of C'onnecticut : 
To Isaac r.aldwin. Dr. 

Sui)erior Court, h'ebruarx Term. 1810. 
To ninet\ nine dinners for the Court $40.50 

To Ji bottles of wine at los 35-50 

To l'>rand\. Sugar, etc., 17 days at 4-6 ^--75 

To ])ipes and tobacco .50 

To Segars .25 

To ])aper .25 


r,ll)i:()N II. W 1.1 A' II. 

II l>Ti iKK \I, \()Ti;S 



Prepared by the late Win. F. Hurlhut, Clerk. 

'I'lie I'lrst (.'ourt or^ani/.atiini in IJlclitk'M CmiiUv was llic County 
I'durl, and for several xears it was the principal trial court, — hav- 
in<;- criminal jurisdiction in all cases except those punishal)le by 
death, or ini])risniiineiU in the Stale I'riMm t"i»r life, — and civil juris- 
diction in law and e(|uil\ wIktc the mailer in demand did not ex- 
ceed three hundred and thirt\-ti\e dollars, hut a right of appeal to 
the Sui)erior C'ourl existed, in cases where the ad da)iiiniiii exceeded 
two hundred dollars, or the title to land or right of way was in 
([ueslion, also raising or obstructing the water of any stream, river, 
creek or arm of the sea by erection of a dam, etc., which gave 
litigants the ])o\ver to i)revent a determination of causes by the 
Count}- Court, and which the defeated parties availed themselves 
of to such an extent that most cases passed through both courts 
with a trial of facts in each, with the result that public opinion con- 
sidered the County Court of hut little ])ractical value. Therefore 
the legislature of 1855, abolished it and transferred all causes there- 
in pending to the dcx^ket of the Sui)crior Court, causing that Court 
to he loaded \\ith such a mass nf business that it was impossible 
for a case to he tried within two years after being brought. This 
congestion of the docket of the Superior Court coupled with the 
inconvenience of travel to Litchfield (then the only County Seat) 
caused the organization in 1872 of the District Court for the First 
Judicial District, the district being composed of the towns of Bark- 
hamstetl, Bridgcwater, Canaan, Colebrook, Cornwall, Kent, Xew 
Hartford, Xew Milford. Norfolk. Xorth Canaan, Salisbury, Sharon. 
^\'ashington and Winchester. This Court continued to exist until 
1883 wlien the remainder of the Ccnmty desirous of enjoying the 
l^rivilege atTorded 1)\- it, the name was changed to the Court of 
Common Pleas and its jurisdiction extended to the entire Countv 
with sessions holden at l.ilchtu'ld in addition to Winchester, Xew 
Mil ford and Canaan. 

This was i^ractically a revival of the old County Court with 
ci\il i)owers enlarged to cover causes demanding one thousand dol- 
lars damages hut with no right of appeal to the Superior Court 
nor an\- criminal jurisdiction. 

The Ciiuri of I'ommou I'leas has been a popular court transact- 
ing a large majority of the litigation of the County with less ex- 
pense to the State and to parties than the same could have been done 
by the Superior Com-t. 


i.ri\ii I'l I'.i.i) II UN r\ i'.i:\i.ii and t.ak 

IIH'.I'.S ol' •nil': l'(»l\TN' t'OTRT. 

William f'rrsloii 
W I H i(ll)ur\ 

Jitliii Williams, 
Slian Ml 

Oliver W.ilcott. 


Daniel Slu'niian. 

W < K i(ll)ur\ 
jnshua I'drtcr, 

Aaron .Austin. 

Xcw I larlt'ord 

1751-175) Ansel SlerliuL;-, 

vSlian m 
1754-1773 C'aKin lUitler, 

I 'Kim )utli 
I773-I78() Ansel Sterling", 

1786-1701 William Al. Hurrall. 

i7(;i-i8o8 Al)ijali Catlin, 
I Jarwinton 
T808-1816 Klisha S. Ahernetliy 


Au.^ustus rettil)onc 1816-1831 llolhrdok C'urtiss, 
Norfolk W'atertown 

Da\-id S. Uoardman, 1831-1836 Hiram (loodwin. 

New Mil ford r.arkhamsted 

A\'illiam .\i. I'.urrall. \^T,fi-}^J,$ Charles !',. rhel])S, 
Canaan Woodbury 

Hiram (joodwin, 1851-1856 



JL'STICKS Ol" 'I'm', QroUi'M. 

John Aliner, 1704-1716 John Sherman, 

W'()<)<lbur\' W I )odl)ur\- 

John Sherman. 1708-1714 Joseph Miner. 

Woo(ll)urv Woodbury 

William I'reslon, 1740-1751 

W ()odl)ur\' 

'Jdiomas Cliii)man. 

John Williams. 

Shar< m 
.Samuel Cantield. 

New Alii ford 
b'.benezer Alarsh. 

Josei)h Lird, 

Xoah Hinman. 

]>:ii-ba Sheld<.n.' 


Tin", I'Oi.i.oui .\c, IX i.iToii I' 1 1'.i.i) eocx'iA'. 
I -I 

/ .1 ' " ' / .10 

Increase Mosele\', 1755-I7^^>3 

1751-1751 Ko^er Sherman, 1 751)- 1762 

Xew Mil ford 
'75'''754 I Daniel v'^herman. I7()i-i786 

175 1-177 J lUishnell liostwick. 17^)2-1776 

.\e\v Mil ford 
1753-1754 loshua I'orter. 1772-17(>I 

1754- 175<; Samuel C'anfield. ^777'^7^)^ 

.\e\v Alilford 
■754" '75'^ jedediah Strong". 1780-170! 



HISTORIC \l. XDI'I'.S 14.^ 

lUniaii Swill. i7(S()-i,S()j Hirdscyi.- XOrtoii, 1X01^-1X12 

C"nni\\;ill (■.(.slicii 

Aanui .\u>liii, i7<;()-i.Su8 Au.i^ustus I Vttilx >n(.'. iXi_'-iSi'j 

Xc'w llarll'Mrd Xcjrfolk 

N'allian I laK', i7<;i-l8o() I 'rifl I lolincs. 1X14-1X17 

Canaan l.ilrlilirld 

|)a\i(l Snntli. i7<ji-iXr.^ Muses Lyinaii. }v.. 1X15-1X17 

riynK.mli CosluMi 

Daniel \. Ilrinsniaile, iXoj-iXiX ( Hiver I'.iiniliam, iXif»-iXiX 

W asliin.Ljton C'ornwall 

jndson (.'anlield, 1 XoX- 1 Xi 5Cyrns Swan, 1X17-1X11^ 

Sliai-nn Sharon 

Martin Stroni;-. 1819-1820 



Marlin Slron--. 1820-1820 Morris WodrulT, 1X29-1836 

Salisburv Litchfield 

|,,liii Welcli. ' 1820-1829 llu-h I*. \\\dch., 1 8;/.- 1 8,^8 

Litclihel-l Litchfield 

William M. r.urrall, 1829-1836 

The judi;es of the District Court were Roland Hitchcock, two 
\ears: Jared I*.. Foster, three years; F'lorimond D. Fyler, four years 
and Dcmald 1, \\'arner. two years; of the Court of Common Pleas 
Donald J. \Varner, six year's; Alberto T. Roraback, four years; 
Arlluu- 1). Warner, three and one half years: Al'^erto T. Roraback, 
five months ( when he was appointed to the Superior Court bench) 
and C.ideon II. Welch now ( 1^07) holding:;: the office. 

The Clerks bave been of the County Court 
Isaac r.aldwin. 1751-1703 iM-ederick Wolcott, 1 703-1 '^^y' 

( )f llie histrict Court and Court of Common IMeas 
Wm. V\ llurlbut, twenty-two years Walter S. jud<l, two years 

\\'heaton F, Dowd. from 1901 



II isi'Dku Ai. X()'i'i;s 145 


Allli(iu,i;li llic Courts arc or.i^ani/.ed [<> reiufdy i)rivatc wrongs 
and as such their proceedings arc not matters of j^cncral history, yet 
these arc soinctiincs of such a puhhc natiu'c and relate so closely 
to tlic -cncral weal ;uid welfare that they are i)roi)erly a part rf 
Court history, w liile of course Criminal trials are public property. 
Some of these ha\e pa>sed through the L'ourts of hit^hest adjudica- 
tion and are very important. 

The Attorney in pre])ariniL;- his brief in an action cannot have 
avoided noticing how often his references (juotc from scjine Litch- 
field Count}- decision, especially in the earlier cases. 

Those earlier lUackstoncs of our jurisprudence. Reeve, Gould, 
Church and Scymom- laid their work on the deep foundations of 
ilie i)hi]osophy and truths of natural justice and common sense. 

The earlv part of our records are of ai)i)cals from the County 
Court, motions for new trials, foreclosures, and a good many cases 
of Insolvencv proceedings and cases of equitable nature.. \'ery few 
trials of fact occur; the judgments were rendered mostl\- after de- 
cisions u])on dennu'rers, jileas in abatement and such i)rehminary 
pleadings, u])on the determination of which we now have a right 
to answer over, and have a trial on the facts. 

In the Criminal jjrosecutions, if the accused by any chance was 
acquitted he was discharged by i>aying the costs of liis trial, 
and till i<'^35 the sentences of imi)risonment were made to Xewgate, 
now known as the Copper mines in Simsbury. 

We a])])end herewith a few of the memorable trials, and have 
probably omitted others of ecfually as valuable and important signifi- 
cance. The abstracts are necessarily very brief and condensed. 

'I'he first recorded case u]ion the books of the Su]XM-ior Court 
is that of 

Abner Wheeler, of liethlem 


Joshua Henshaw, of \ew Hartford. 

In which the plaint iff recovered S()-\.2.j=, damages and costs taxed 
at $49.86. 

The first tlivorcc granted was Lucy .Mi-\ of Salisbury against 
Thomas Mix. 

These mixings and unmi.xings ha\e formed a large ])er cent, of 
the judgments during the ccntur\-. 

Tlllv SKl.l.l'X'K-OSIiOKX -MATTKK. 

One of the most important trials and probablx one that in its 
general results atfected the State, esjjecially the political part of it 
more than ar\- other that has ever occurred in the State, was the 
Selleck-Osborn trial 1806-1807. 

Benjamin Talmadge, Esq., was a Colonel in the Re\olution and 
at the close »^f hostilities settled in Litchfield where he was a very 


l)r(>iniiicnt citizen and for many years a member of Congress, 
r^rederick W'olcott. who for more than forty years was tlie clerk of 
the County and Superior (.'ourts. l)roui;lit a suit as^ainst one William 
Hart of Saybrook and at the August Term of this court 1805 re- 
covered $2,205.00 damages. The case was taken to the Supreme 
Court and affirmed. l{xecution was issued and ]iaid in full in iSo(^). 

v^elleck ( )sl)orn and Timotlu' .\slile\' were then ])ul)li.sliing a 
newspaper in Uitchtield called the Witness and made comments upoii 
the judgment reflecting" severely u]jon the integrit\' of the Court. 

Whereui^on tlu' Sui)erior Court prosecuted then\ as follows: 
''James C.ould, J^scp. Attorney for the State for the County of 
Litchfield specially aj^pointed by this Court in this behalf filed an 
information before this Com-1, therein representing" that Selleck 
Usborn and Timothy Ashley both now resident in Litchfield in 
County intending to bring the Su])crior Court of judicature of this 
State into disrepute and contempt and esi)ecially to induce a belief 
among the good people of this State that said Court in pr(jceeding 
to and rendering" judgment in a certain cause in which ISenjamin 
Talmadge and Frederick Wolcott, Esquires were plaintiffs and 
\^'illiam Hart, Esq., was defendant, and that the jury who attended 
said Coiu^t in finding a verdict in said cause were influenced by par- 
tial, dishonest and corrupt motives, did at Litchfiekl aforesaid on 
the 4th tlay of September 1805 with force and arms most unjustlv 
wickedly and maliciously print and publish and cause to be printed 
and pul)lished of and concerning said Court and jur\- and of and 
concerning" the proceedings in said cause in a publick newspaper 
called the Witness a certain false and scandalous libel ])urporting" to 
be a statement or re])ort of the aforesaid action of the evidence ad- 
duced therein and of the ])roceedings therein bad wliicli said infor- 
mation is as (in file." 

The defendants plead to the jurisdiction of the (."ourt to which 
the attorney dciinu-red and the Court decided that it had jurisdiction. 
Jt then went to the Court for trial on their i)lea of not guilty. They 
were found guilt\ and fined two hundred and fiftx' dollars each. 
Osborn in his statement of the numerous trials says that this one 
cost him $605.98. The libel suit of Julius Deniing against him 
$346.46 and for slandering Thomas Colier he ])aid $522.00. 

( )sborn and .\shley were also fined in the ComU\ (.'ourt one 
Inmdred dollars for libelling Julius Deming a i)rominenl merchant 
of Litchfield. Mr. .\sbley i)aid his part but Mr. Usborn would not 
pay and was taken to jail. This aroused the Jeffersonians all over 
the County and State, they calling it a jiolitical martyrdom and on 
the 6tli of .\ugusi i8()(), the_\- ga\-e him a great o\-ation forming a 
grand prcjcession with cavalry and niilitar\- ])ara(le passing by the 
jail where he was confined and saluting him with great honors. .\ 
l)art of the celebration was an aildress delivered in the meeting house 
bv Jose])li L. Smith, then a young law\er of Litchfield, lie made 


remarks rrtlrclinL;- upnn ilir Supi-ridr Court. CMnsc(|iK'iUl> in <luc 
course (it time the Slale"s .\llnrne\. Trial I lolmes, l',s(|.. issue(l an 
information as^ainst liim for uttering "tlir fdllowin^ false, malicious, 
scandalous and defamatory words, \i/.: "'riu- Courts <it justice 
(meauini; the aforesaid Churls of justice in this State i have re- 
g-arded the face of man in jud-imMil. If the Kcpulilican- -.hall re- 
take the i)ro])ert\ which the l'"e<kral Courts i meanm- thr aforesaid 
Coiu'ts . magistrates, judj^es and justices of this v^tate i liave taken 
from them ( meanins;- the said Repuhlicans ) it will he hut a ])oor 
apoloj^v for the Federalists tliat they obtained it hy false witnesses 
])erjti*red judj^es and i)acke(l juries." Also "()sl)i'rn is imprisoned 
for ])ul)lishin^- that of a h'ederal justice which is true of every 
Federal justice in the State." 

Smith first plead not K'li'l'^y- ^''*-''i ^'''-' ^'"^i''^ allowed him to 
chans^e his plea to a demurrer. The Court found the information 
sufficient and fined Smith two hundred and fifty dollars and costs, 
one hundred and twenty three dollars and sixty fotu' cents. 

The clerk adds to the record, "TIk' delin(|uint wa^ dcliwred to 
the custod)- of the Sheriff of said Counlx." 

Snnth's connection with the Com't was not altoL^elher aL^reeahle 
after that, but he was soon appointed Major in the I'nited States 
.\rmy and was a Colonel in the \\'ar of 1812 after which he was 
United States Judge in Florida. lie was the ancestor i>i the con- 
federate Ceneral F,. Kirby Smith. 


At the August Term of the Court in iSck; William Leavenworth. 
Jr.. was informed against f"r hlasi)heiny in the town oi I'lymouth. 
The information stated "Who did in the i)resence and hearing of 
sundrv of the good people of the State then and there assembled, 
blaspheme the name of God the Father and of the ] foly Ghost, and 
denv and reproach the true God and His government of the world 
bv wickedlv and blasphemously uttering and speaking the words 
following, viz: "1 am the Holy C.hosl and here is the 1 loly Ghost." he 
the said William speaking of himself and meaning that he, said 
William was the Holy Ghost." 

The accused was arrested, brought before the Court and plead 
not guiltv. and after a trial was ac(|uilled by the jury and the Clerk- 
adds. '•The said William was discharged by order of Court without 
the payment of costs." 

This was a new departure, it having been custi)mary for the 
prisoner to be obliged to pay the costs whether convicted or ac- 

The following remarkable proceeding appears up<«n the record 
of our Courts, but the account herein given is from Gen. Sedg- 
wick's llistor\- of Sharon. 

148 i.n\iii-ii:i.i) c(»r\Tv niCNcir and 

A \VK(»\C, \i;kl)lCT STANDS. 

At a rcL^iniental training- in v'^haron on the 20tli day of Sept., 
A. 1). 1S05 an altercation occurred Ijctween Zenas Ueebe of Sharon 
and Aner Ives of Kent which was consummated by the stabbing- of 
l\'es by r.eel)e with a l)ayonet. inflicting' a mc^rtal wound of which 
he tVwil at the end of a week. There were mitigating circumstances 
in the ease whicli .reheved i>eel)e from the charge of wilfid murder, 
l)ui it was a clear case of manslaughter. I'.y a singidar blunder of 
the tiireman o| the jur\- he was pronounced not guilt\' of an\- of- 
lense. The jury had agreed u])on the verdict to be rendered to bc* 
"not guilty of murder, but guilty of manslaughter." The foreman 
rendered the tirst part of the verdict but stopped there. The sub- 
sequent ])rocee(lings in the matter are copied from the records of the 

"After the ^•erdict was rendered the. foreman informed the C'ourr 
that the verdict which the jury IkuI intended to return and had 
agreed on was — that the said lieebe was not guilt}- of murder, but 
by mistake he had omitted to return and state the whole finding of 
the jury, and desired to be directed by the Court whether the verdict 
and the whole finding of the jury as agreed u]:)on by theni. and as he 
designed at first to have stated the same, would then be made and 

( )n consideration it was adjudged l)y the court tliat the verdict 
of the jury as returned and recorded by them could not be ex- 
plained or altered." 

T)ee])e was defended b\- two of the ablest lawyers in the State 
Xathaniel Smith of Woodbury and David Daggett of New Haven. 

-At the Term of the Superior Ccnu't holden February, A. D. 1820. 
Beebe was tried for an assault with intent to kill Amasa Alaxam 
and found guilty. He was sentenced to confinement in the Old 
Newgate ]irison for two years liut died before the exi)iration of his 

A SIXC.ri.AR IXl'oKM A'l'loX I'oK SI.ANDllR. 

Tn 1814, Klisha Sterling, l{sq.. then Attornex' for the State f(^r 
the County of Litchfield jiresented to the Court his information 
against a very ])rominent man of the County who was at that time 
Brigadier (leneral of the State Militia. 

The com])laint was for libel upon his deceased father-in-law 
made by the C.eneral in the form of a "iMuieral ( )rder" and sent 
to one of the inferior officers of his regiment directing liim to con- 
duct the funeral. The order is too wicked and vulgar to be pub- 
lished entire but a few extracts from it will show its general pur- 

A i-i'xi'.ir\i. oki)i;r. 

1 have this (la\ been informed that old is dead, 

and I Ijt'in!/ out of health cannot attend the funeral. I therefore 

II isi'iiKUAr, \(jti;s 149 

i^ivc ymi lliis mdn- and miiiowcr you to t-nniliu-l ii in llit- fullouin;^ 
order and 1 will pay ilir (.-xipensc. I'Mrsl j^ct a coffin made of 
Pepperid^e I 'lank ilim- inches tliitds' and dnftail it stroni,'' to^^ellier 
with lar.L^e Iron Si)il<es. Iliioj) il thick with I'.ars ni Irnn. make a 
windiiii;- sheet with sheet iron, hiaze it will 'i'i«p and llottuiii. make 
a Muffler with two hundred pounds of ( a'rnian Steel. I'lacc .1 
lari4e iron Screw on the top of his head extendin<j;- throni^h the Jaws 
so that the old fellow cannot open his mouth, next jjlace on 

a mule dressed in Regimentals with old swctrd and 
l{])aulettc which he wore at the time the i'.ritish invaded Xew \'ork, 
when he run and left his men twenty rods hehind 

Raise four red or crimson I'la.^s. [)lacc (certain nei|L;iil)ors ) as 
pall licarers to hlow Rams Horns, dress (other ncii^-hhors ) in Indian 
Stockinj^s and \\'am])um and make theni carry around W'inkum or 
Cyder IJrandy in lar^e iron kettles to treat the i)rocession, start hy 
the shouting- of Rams Horns until the walls fall in ( 1 

as they did in Jericho. Draw llim to . then hla-t 

a grave into a solid rock ten feet deep, put him in head downwards, 
place bars of iron thick across the grave, take a sledge, drive in 
stones, cement them with I Master of I'aris, so that the old Devil 
cannot get out, as he would make (juarrells anil Disturbance until 
the Day of Judgment. Co to and get one hundrefl and 

fifty barrells of tar or i)itch and twent\- Ijarrells of brimstone anrl 
burn around the door to keep oti' the devils until you perform this 
my order 

The information concludes as folhnvs: — 

"All of which was false, willful and malitious and done to blacken 
the memory of the said deceased and cast a stigma on his memory 
and on all others connected with him and excite his children tc) a 
breach of the peace and expose them to the hatred and contempt 
of the good people of this State ; all which wrongdoings of the said 
are against the peace and dignity of this State contrary 
to law and a high crime and misdemeanor and of evil example to 
others in like maimer to otTeud. Said attorney therefore prays the 
advice of the Honorable Court in the premises. 

l-'lisha Sterling.'" 

The indorsement is as follows: — 

"James Could and Xoah 1'. r.enedict assigned as counsel for 
the delinciuint. J 'lea not guiltw ( )n the jury for trial. The de- 
linquint clianging. pleads guilty. 

The Court adjudge that deliuciuint is guilty and that he pay a 
fine of S/S into the treasury of this State and the ct)Sts of this 
prosecution and stand committed until iudgment be comi)lied with. 

J. W. II., Clerk pro tem." 


In the spring of 1835 a most horrible murder was cominitted 
in Xew Preston. A voung lad of twelve years of age. son of Mr. 

15^'' i.iii II i'ii;i.i) ediNi ■^ i;i;ncii and ];.\r 

]' orris llcanlslcx . was l)rulally iiuirdcrcd l)y a wandering- fellow, a 
rortu^ucsc 1)\ liirtli. for sonic fancied insnlt. claiminj^- that the boy 
stci)])cd on his Iocs. 'I'lic trial commenced in Ans;ust 1835 before 
Indices \\ aite and Williams. Tlie prosecuting attorney for the 
State was Leman Church assisted 1)\ (UMirge C. Woodruff, Esq., 
.and the (."ourt a])])ointe(l 'i'ruman Smith and ( ). vS. Se\nioiu- for the 
])risoner. The trial lasted several days and on the eighteenth of 
August 1S35 the jury returned a verdict of not guilty by reason of 
insanity. The prisoner was committed to jail for safe keeping and 
remained there a numl)er of years l)ut was afterwards committed 
to State Prison tor sale keeping. lie became a raving maniac 
and died in ])rison only a few years since. It was at that time a 
noted case and one of the earliest ones, now so common, of offerinsf 
expert evidence on insanitw 

The ])roceedings of the trial were ])ublished in pamphlet form. 

LKXXET WARD \hki)i;k. 

( 'n the 23rd (if Xo\-eml)er, 184^). llennet Ward went into a store 
ke])t by W. 1!. Lounsbury, he was somewhat intoxicated, became 
noisy and \iolent. threatened to whip several persons who were in 
the store, and began to throw fire among the dry goods that were 
disposed about the store. AnK)ng those present was George W. 
Smith. Ward finally proposed to whi]) him, and Smith seized a stick 
of wood from the wood l)ox, and struck him over the left side of the 
liead, causing a fracture in the skull five inches in length. He 
then kicked him out of the store and he fell upon the stoop. He 
got up however and wanted to fight, but the door was sluit upon 
him. He then went about a quarter of a mile, to an out house of 
1 )a^■id J. Stiles and staid there two nights, when he went into Mr. 
Stiles' liouse. and soon l^ecame insensible. In this condition he re- 
remained till his death, which occurred fifty-six hours after the 
l)lo\v was recci\ed. .\ ])ost-mortem examination showed there was 
concussion and compression of the brain, l)esides a chronic inflamma- 
tion resulting from an old injury. Smith was arraigned for murder, 
Fel)ruary Term 1847. lion, bihn II. Hubbard, State's Attorney 
and Hon. Charles 1'.. I'hel])s. ai)peared for the State and Hons. 
Leman Church. C.. II. Hollister and William Cothren appeared for 
the acctised. After an interesting trial, Smith was acquitted, on 
the ground that he acted in self defence. 

l.llilS 11. I'ool' MlKDl'K. 

( )n the moi-ning of March 4th.. i85(), Lucius II. l'*oote. a tavern- 
<'r of Woodburw was found brutalK- murdere<l. under the horse sheds 
of the h4)iscoi)al Church in the center of the town, and his whole 
body frozen stiff, showing that he had been killed the evening be- 
fore. Circuiustances strong!}- i)ointed to l^dward I{. liradley, as 
being tlic ])erpetratf)r of the crime, lie was arrested on this sus- 
picion, and after a hearing l)efore Justice Hull, bound over, without 





])ail to the iR'xt vSupcrior Court to he held at Lilclilk-M. A draiul 
jury was summoned, and a true l)iH for the crime of nuirder was 
found, 'i'he trial of the accused on the indictment commenced at 
Jvitchtield on the 14th., of April, hefore judges William L, Storrs 
and Origen S. Seymour and a jury, lion. Ciideon Hall, State'.s At- 
torney, Hon. Charles l>. I'hel])s and William Cothren, Esq. ap- 
peared for the State, and lion. Charles Chapman of Hartford, 
Gideon H. Hollister and Henry P>. Graves, K.sqrs. appeared for 
the prisoner. Not only very nice (piestions of circumstial evidence, 
l)ut other intricate questions of law, were involved in the case, and 
the trial excited a more general interest than any case which has 
heen tried in this county. ( )n tlic tenth day of the trial the presid- 
ing Judge charged the jury, and on the eleventh day, they having 
failed to agree on a verdict, after having been sent out for several 
times, the papers were taken back, the jury discharged, and the 
prisoner remanded to jail. The jury stood five for conviction of 
murder in the second degree and seven for acquittal. 

At the September term of the Court the case came on again for 
trial. It was commenced October 3rd., 1856 before Hon. David C. 
Sanford and Hon. John D. Park, presiding Judges with a jury. 
After a careful and laborious trial for twelve days, the jury again 
disagreed and were discharged. 

On the 14th of April. 1857 '"^e was again arrainged for trial be- 
fore a jury with Hon. William W. Ellsworth and Hon. Thomas B. 
Butler as presiding Judges, and after a trial of fourteen days the 
jury again disagreed. Soon after this result the State's Attorney 
entered a nolle prosequi and the accused was discharged. Mr. 
Cothren published a complete report of the trial. 


On the 17th of July, i8r)i, Woodbury was again startled by the 
announcement that another murder had been committed there. 
Matthew M. Morris a very respectable citizen became engaged in 
a quarrel with one Charles Fox, was stabbed by Fox and the knife 
at the last thrust, entirely severed the main artery under the collar 
bone on the right side, called by the doctois the vena cava. _ Fox 
immediately hid his knife in the corner of the yard where it was found 
the next morning, almost covered with blood. Fox took his scythe 
and started for Roxl)ury, but was detained by a neighlior till Sheriff 
Minor arrested him. 

After an inquest. Fox was bound over for trial {o the September 
term of the Superior Court. 1861. Judge Ellsworth presided over 
that Court. Gen. Charles F. Sedgwick and Wm. Cothren. ap- 
peared for the State, and Gideon H. Hollister and Henry B. (Graves, 
Esqrs.. for the defence. After the evidence on both Mcles had been 
introduced the judge called all the counsel to the bench, and told 
them that in his judgment the crime amounted to manslaughter and 
no more; and that "if it pleased them to agree to that view ami 

152 IITc'll l'li:i.l) *,()I\TN' l;i:Nt.'II AM) l;.\K 

^\•|lul(l waiw ar_miim'iU. ho wdiild inuiK'diatrly S(i cliar^c the jurv. 
'i'hc ci'unscl clict-Ttully acceded to the su.y,"i;"esti()n of the (hstin^iiished 
jiid^e. who ininie(hatel_\' charged the jury in accordance with liis 
views. 'I'lie jury retired, and in a few minutes returned with a ver- 
dict of manslaughter, and Vox was sentenced to ten years imprison- 
ment in llie (."onneclicut Slate Prison. 

i)u.\Ki;i.\- .\hri)i:k. 

Again \\'oodhury was the scene of a sad murder. On the nip^hl 
of Auii'ust lotli.. 1886 R()l)ert l)rakel\- shot liis wife t]n-out;h the 
heart after she had retired for the nii^hl. lie was a younj.^- man, 
not twent) years old and had heen married only a few weeks and 
was. as he claimecl, jealous of his wife for the attentions she be- 
stowed on a small child that boarded with them. He was of a 
good old lamily of very respecta])le peo])le but had become disso- 
lute and dissi])ated and committed the act while in a drunken frenzy. 
He was boimd over to the v^uperior Coml 1)>' justice Skelly and 
taken t.> the jail at IJtchtield. .\t the April term, 1887 of the 
Court the C.rand jury indicted bin; for murder in the second de- 
gree. ]n September, 1887 he was arraigned and ]:)lead not guilty. 
He was tried before Hon. David Torrance and a jury. The prose- 
cution was conducted by Hon. James Huntington, State's Attorney 
and Arthur I). Warner, Esq.; the defense by Henry B. Graves and 
^^'illiam Cuthren. Ivsq. The defense was that the accused from 
various reasons was not mentally or mortally responsible for his acts. 
After an exhaustive trial and the charge of Judge Torrance the jury 
retircvl and in about ten minutes returned with a verdict of guilty. 
He was sentenced to State Prison for life and died a few years 
after commitment. 

lilCUXICI-: WlIlTiv, MLKl)i:i-;. 

In the early |)art of 1850 the people of Colebrook and vicinity 
were startled by the report that Bernice White, an elderly gentleman 
living near Colebrook River, had been murdered. In a short time 
four men were arrested for the deed, named William Calhoun. 
Lorenzo T. Cobb, Benjamin Balconib and Henry ]\iennasseli. the 
latter a half breed Indian. After the preliminary hearing- they 
were houml n\cr fur trial to the Superior Court at Litchfield. A 
Crand jury found a true bill against each of them and they were 
brought to trial at the August Term 1850. There was so great a 
crowd of witnesses and interested spectators that the Court was 
obliged to adjourn to the Congregational Church to hold the trial. 
Two judges presided. Chief Justice Church and judge Storrs. 
Calhoun and Paleomb being minors. Charles Chapman. Ksq., of 
Hartford was ap])ointed guardian ad-hti'iii of C'alhoini and Origen 
S. Seymour for P.alcomb. Upon their arraignment IJaleomb 
])k-ad guilty au(l the rest not guilt\- of nnu'der in the first degree. 


iiisToKicAF, N(yrKS 153 

After a long' trial Calhoun and Mannassch were found guilty and 
Cobb was acquitted, 'i'he guilty ones were sentenced to be hung 
on the second Friday of July, 1S51. ( )ne of them, Cobb, died in 
jail and the other three finally had their sentences changed to im- 
prisonment in State Prison for life. .\ftcr servinj^^ there some 
years Pialcomb died in prison and Calhoun and .Mennasseh were par- 
doned out, it having been fairly proved that they had no hand in the 
actual commission of the deed but were only accessories after the 
fact. Calhoun died somewhere in the west and Mennasseh died in 
the Farmin^lon town lionse. lie is said to ha\e bren the last of the 
Tunxis Indians. 

WIIJ.IA.M 11. C.KI-.l'X TKI.M,. 

The trial of the Rev. William 11. Green of Cornwall for murder 
excited a very general interest. 

In 1865 Mr. Green resided in Centerville. X. Y., in the character 
of an itinerant Methodist preacher, and about that time he married 
a woman with whom he lived several months occupying with her 
the ])arsonage of the parish wherein he preached. In 1866 he 
abandoned this wife and married a young widow who had a small 
amount of property amounting to some twelve or fifteen hundred 
dollars. In the spring of 1867 he came to Connecticut and tooK 
the stum]) for P. T. lUirnum who was then running for Congress 
on the Republican ticket. He was esteemed a very powerful 
preacher and his political arguments were eloquent and convincing, 
he also lectured on temperance and was an evangelist and held re- 
vival meetings in different places. After a time he joined his sec- 
ond wife's brother in West Cornwall and engaged with him in the 
general country store business. Mrs. Green was in feeble health 
with consumption and grew rapidly worse. On the evening 
of May 6, 1867 she was attacked with spasms and died just aftei 
midnight. From certain suspicious circumstances and subsequent 
conduct of Green, suspicion was aroused to the cause of her death. 
About the middle of June her body was exhumed and the stomach 
and liver sent to Prof. P>arker of New Haven for examination who 
found traces of strvchnine in those organs. Green was arrested and 
sent to Litchfield for safe keeping without a mittimus and of course 
was not locked up. While under keepers here his brother-in-law 
called upon him and informed hini of the result of the analysis. 
Green concluded that his residence at the jail was not desirable at 
least on his part and made his departure therefrom unknown to the 
authorities and was for a few days in parts unknown. In a few 
davs he reported at West Cornwall where he was formally arrested 
and attempted to save the State the trouble and expense of three 
trials bv cutting his throat with a pocket knife in which he was not 
entirely successful. He was bound over to the Superior Court for 
trial and in November 1867 was tried for the crime and convicted 

154 ].ITlIlI"li:i.l) COINTV I:i;NC1I and I5AK 

of nuirdcr and sentenced lo l)e liunL; vn I)ecenil)er 4th.. iSuS. I lis 
case was carried to the Supreme Court and a new trial j^ranted him 
on the ,e:round of newly discovered evidence. In January i8(hj he 
was ai^^ain before the Superior Court and the new trial resulted in 
a disat^reement of the jury, hut in September of that year the third 
trial was had and the jury returned a verdict of i^uilty of murder in 
the second des^ree. lie was sentenced to State Prison for life 
September 25, 1869, where he died. 


The career of James LeRoy, who received in 1850 at the age of 
twenty-five years his third commitment to the State Prison for the 
term of fifteen years upon his plea of guilty to seven dififerent 
burglaries committed in or near Winstcd and New Hartford in the 
years 1849 'i"*^^ 1850, is in many respects a remarkable one. I'vom 
his boyhood he seemetl to have nothing but a criminal instinct. 
When arrested in 1850 he was placed under keepers who fell asleep 
and he not enjoying their society departed from them, tie had 
liand cuiTs on and disliking them, proceeded to one of the scytiie 
shops, broke into the shop and set one of the water grindstones 
running, and ground the shackles from his wrists and then secreted 
liimself so that he was not found by the officials for several days, 
although they were constantly on the alert for him. After his 
release from the Connecticut State Prison he was engaged in 
practical observations in the management of prisons in other States 
and in 1877 under the name of James Whiting was sent to prison for 
theft for three and a half years, and died in prison, lie made in 
1850 a confession of his exploits which was published. 

AVOI.CO'l"r\"Il.I.K lU'KCI.AKS. 

( )n the night of Xovenil)er i87() the wareliouse of the I'nion 
Manufacturing Company in Torrington was broken into and a 
large quantity of manufactured goods carried away. The ])urglars 
stole a hand car from the section house and started towards llridge- 
l)ort on the Xaugatuck Railroad track. When it passed through 
\\ ater])ur\- the watchman at the depot informed Su])erintendent 
P.eacli of the passage of the car. Mr. P.each immediately had an 
engine fired up and started in imrsuit. and just before reaching 
Ansonia at alxnit half past four in the morning the engine struck 
tile hand car and threw it from the track. Stop])ing the engine 
the) found fifteen pieces of woolen goods scattered a])out. but the 
occui)ants of the hand car had iled. but were tracked in the suow 
and soon arrested. They were lodged in Litchlielil jail and had 
their trial before this Court necember (>. and 7, i87() and l''ranklin 
Johnson, William C. Davis and \\'illiani C. Davis. Jr. were con- 
victed of the crime and recei\'ed State Prison sentence^. It was 
a case that e.xcited great attention i)artl\- on accoimt of the mode 
of ca])ture and the no\el method of transit. 'iMie whok' e\ idi-nce 

CiM^UftuJ ^-?<^^ 

iiisrouicAi, N(/rr.s IS5 

was i)urely circumstantial and tin* defense was not only denial by 
the accused but a fairly proved alibi ijresenled. The skillful prose- 
cution conducted by the State's Attorney 1 linitinj^lon ami C. H, 
Welch, Ivsq. with the adroit defenses presented by 11. 1*. (iraves and 
the large attendance at the trial makes it a noted case. 

I.inroK TRIALS. 

From the Litchfield ]{n(|uirer of .\|)ril 29, 1880 we take extracts 
which will illustrate the great battle which was fought in our Courts 
in the ])rosecution for the illegal sale of intoxicating sjjirits at about 
that date : 

"With all its victories in the moral field, temperance has hereto- 
fore met defeat or but partial success in the Courts. Even in high 
teetotal times, when the people were electing Prohibition Governors 
and Prohibition Legislatures, we have seen rum-seller after rum- 
seller brought before juries, their guilt conclusively proved, yet 
escaping justice by acquittal or disagreement. The old i)rohibitory 
Statute of 1854 in this County at least was an utter failure. Of 
the dozens we have seen tried under the act we can recollect but 
one conviction. Lender Local ( )i)tion there has been a marked 
change, particularly of late years, and especially since the popular 
feeling against the li(|uor trattic has been intensified by the l>lue 
Ribbon movement. There can be no doubt, too, that Litchfield 
County is verv fortunate in her State's Attorney, an officer who 
never shirks or slights his duty, whether it is a rum-seller, or a 
sheep stealer that is brought to the bar of the Superior Court for 
trial. Of late years, therefore we have seen several convictions bv 
juries, but in tliis County, rum and justice have never been brought 
face to face so sharply and with such decisive defeat — indeed such 
utter rout, demoralization and caj^ture of the liquor interest— as 
the past week has witnessed." After statmg the trial of a certain 
case which was most strongly contested by State's Attorney 
Huntington, H. P. Lawrence and W. B. Smith for the prosecution 
and H. B. Graves and A. H. Fenn for defense but resulted in convic- 
tion of the parties, the article continues: "The prisoner was very 
much overcome and went home completely broken down and took 
to his bed seriously if not dangerously ill. On Thursday the W'in- 
sted Temperance men began to reap the benefit of their victory. 
Dealer after dealer came up to make such settlement as he could. 
The terms were the same to all. All costs must be paid and an 
obligation given that they would quit the traffic. On Friday after- 
noon the Court adjourned for the Term with the following record of 
progress for about six days work on liquor cases : 

Three convictions with fines and costs amounting to about $500 
and one hundred and six cases settled for $2,664.11 and one man 
in jail. 

Messrs. Forbes, Holmes, Lawrence, W. B. Smith and others are 
to be highlv commended in their wonderfully successful assault of 
what has so long been considered the last strong-hold of the liquor 
traffic, the Glorious uncertainty of the law!" 

156 I.ITllil"li:i.l) lOrNTV r.KNCIl ANO I'.AK 


( )iH' of the ini])«irtam cixil cases tried in tliis C'durl cainc from 

Xicliolas Masters, wliilc riding' h()rs(.'-l)ack in the eastern part of 
the town, was tliri)wn from his horse b\- reason of its hreakinj;- 
throujji'li a small wootlen sluice or bridge anil received serious in- 
juries, havins^- his neck nearly broken and for some years carried 
his head turned partly around and also received some other minor 
injuries of not so serious or i)ermanent a nature. 

His attorneys. Graves and Hollister, brou!.^ht suit a^e^ainst the town 
of Warren for damages, claiming- ten thousand dollars, the writ re- 
turnable to the Se])tember term. 1856. A long exhaustive trial be- 
fore a jury was had at the Xovember term. 1857 in which the 
plaintiff recovered thirty-tive hundred dollars, v^ome ver\- inter- 
esting questions came uj) during the trial regarding the taking of 
depositions by the defendant without notice to the plaintiff and also 
in the charge of the judge to the jury of a statement made by tlie 
judge of matter outside of the evidence. .\n ai)i)eal was taken to 
the Supreme Court of Errors by the defendant claiming a new trial 
which the Supreme Court did not grant and final judgment was 
rendered against the town at the Ai^ril term. 1858 for three thousand 
five hundred and eighty-seven dollars and tift\ cents damages and 

The stc^ry is told in connection with this case that Dr. P.uel one 
of the ex]X'rt witnesses for the plaintiff' testified that he examined 
the i)laintift' and found him suff'ering from tortochlorosis of the 
neck. Air. Hollister in his argument indulged in the high sounding 
Word fre([uently, jjortraying the sufferings of his client during his 
liletinu' from such a frrible roni])lair.t. ( )ni; of tlie defendant 
law\ers soon after met Dr. ])uv\ and asked liini what that big word 
he used meant. "Stiff neck,'" was the answer. "W'iiy didn't you say 
so in Court said tlie lawyer. That word cost the town $1500." 

KOI 11:1 XS \S. fol'l-l X. 

Tn 1883 an action from Salis])iu-\' wherein Sanuiel Ivobbins 
sued llu' administrator of the estate of Ceorge (.'offing. 

The i)oints of law involved were iniixirlant and the amount in- 
volved was al)out $70,000, an unusually large sum for this I'ourt 
and the attorneys engaged were of ihe ]iiL;lust rank in the State. 

George A. Hickox, who tlien (.■diled tlie i.ilehlield l-".n(|uirer. re- 
l)orts it as follows: "Tlie nianagi'inenl of the ea<e li\ tlie noti'd 
counsel on each side resi)ecli\(,l\ , was looked on with nuicli inleres'. 
judge Warner made an ex^-ellent o])ening argumeni for the de- 
fendants, on whom the burden rested to pi-o\e their \arious de- 
fenses. Tln'u followed John S. I'^'acli. with a \er\ clear (|uiet 
statement of the ])laintitT's claim. Most interest was naturally felt 


lIISToinCAI, NOTI^S 157 

in the argument of Ex-Governor Hubbard, who followed Mr. iU-ach. 
The elegant forcible style of his address showed all the polish of 
his first class literary work, and the weight of his oratory was made 
doubly effective by his remarkable power as an actor. It was 
worth while studying the use he made of an old j)air of stCL-I 
spectacles he wears, to damn the defendants claims or enforce his 
own. The way they fell on the table was made to express the ex- 
treme of confidence or the extreme of disgust. They came down 
with the weight of a sledge hammer in emphasizing the one or the 
other view. His mode of handling a law paper spoke volumes. In- 
deed we have heard as fine rhetoric and as fine oratory in a law 
court, but never combined with such acting. Mr. Tcrkins closed 
the case with a very telling exposition of the evidence in connection 
with the position of the defendant." The jury returned a verdict 
for the plaintiff to recover $67,633.33 damages and costs. 

In connection with Brother Hickox's discription of the conduct 
of the trial it may be proper to add that this was the last argument 
in a law court that "Dick" Hubbard ever made. 

llir.GIx's ESCAPK. 

One of the most interesting and exciting matters that have arisen 
in modern years, related to the escape of Richard Hadley a prisoner 
while being transported to the State Prison in Wethersfield in the 
year 1883. — Higgin's alias was Richard Hadley. 

The following extracts from the papers of the time will give full 
details as well as some interesting history : 

When James R. Higgins escaped from the wagon in which he 
was being taken from Utchfield to Wethersfield to serve out a ten 
years sentence for burglarly it was supposed that he had been fur- 
nished with a key to his handcuffs bv his counsel, Henry H. Prescott 
of Utchfield. A. T. Roraback of Canaan, W. B. Smith of Winsted, 
and Dwight C. Kilbourn of Utchfield were appointed a committee 
to obtain evidence to be presented to the court at Litchfield touch- 
ing Mr. Prescott's connection with the affair. Mr. Smith, of the 
committee, was at Wethersfield on Tuesday and obtained the fol- 
lowing statement from Higgins : — 

I first met Harry H. Prescott of Litchfield soon after I was ar- 
rested, in Litchfield jail. He was my attorney in the superior court 
in that county. When I called him 'into the case he agreed to help 
me to get away from jail, and I was to give him $250. Xot haying 
any money I was to give him some stolen bonds as security. The 
bonds w^ere stolen from the savings bank at Woodbury, this state, 
and the total amount was $7,500. I put into Prescott's hands 
$6,400 in bonds. The understanding was that if I got out he should 
have the bonds. He was to give Paddy Ryan and others who came 
from New York to assist me in breaking jail all the points about 
jail, also the use of his office, and in short was to act as a general 

15'"^ i.irni i'ii;i.i) i,oixt\' i;i;ncii and hau 

.qo-bclwccn to aid nic in rscajjini;- frcnn jail. The understandiiij^- 
was that I'rcscott was not to nei^otiatc the lionds and was to keep 
the matter f|uiet until Howard, my |)al. who was arrested with me, 
and I had escaped. Trescott told nu' that he went to New York to 
see Kyan at 154 h'.asi Twenty-third siret'l, and that Rvan was afraid 
to haw anything;' li> dn with him in the matter. Later he told me 
that he had been to Xew \'ork a^ain, but did not see Ryan. Soon 
alter I'reseott broui^'ht me a letter that was sent to him by ]\yan and 
written by Farley, one of the l\\an i;am;-. The letter in^piired 
whether I'reseott was all solid and to ])e trusted, .\fter reading 
the letter 1 ])urned it in the jail stove. 1 sent a letter through Pres- 
cott to Ryan sa\ ini;- that I'reseott was straight and to be trusted. 

The following Sundaw after he had been to Xew York, Prescott 
came to me and stated that he had taken the bonds to the bank 
]:)arties and had got something over v$400 for them. As I had ob- 
jected to his doing anything about the bonds until I had made my 
escajie. 1 was angry when I found that he had given them up. At 
tliat lime he gave me Si 5 and in a day or twc^ gave my wife $200. I 
could not get anything more out of him. T afterwards found that 
lie received about $r.200 for the bcnids, l)ut L could not get anything 
more out f)f him. M\- friends of the Ryan gang did not appear and 
I found that I had to depend upon my own resources. I continued 
to find fault because Prescott would not give me more money, and 
at last he said ti* me, about two weeks before court opened, that if 
I would kee]) still he would get me a key that would fit my hand- 
cutfs, and 1 could escape either when on the way from jail to the 
coiu't house, or when I was being conveyed to the state prison if I 
was convicte<l. i loward and 1 talked it over and concluded to make 
the attemj)! to escajjc when we were being conveyed to or from the 
court r(K)m. Prescott brought us four handcuff keys that fitted my 
handcuffs and two small ke\s. like dog-collar keys; also two files. 
1 had the four handcuff keys in my pocket all the time during the 
trial. The two other keys T filed and gave to Howard. One of the 
files 1 kept until 1 csca])ed, the other T left in the jail. When I'res- 
eott gave me the keys he told me that he knew that four of them 
would fit any handcuff' in the jail. The\- did fit without any filing. 
A\'hen we were taken tti the court room to ])lead Howard was 
handcuffed to me and the sheriff' took m\- right wrist in his nippers. 
^\'hi]e we sat in the dock, Prescott came up to us and said: 'AVIiy 
did you not esca])e on the wa\- over?" 1 told him that Howard might 
lia\c- got away, but I could not. Prescott replied: "That's right. 
^'ou had better wait and gel awa\- together." While I was in the 
iJtcbfield jail Prescott gave me a re\-ol\er loaded with five cart- 
ridges, also ten cartridges afterwar<ls. I le gave them to me in my 
cell, I think on the afternoon of the day I was sentenced. I wanted 
the revolver and he did not waul to gi\e it to me imtil after I had 
received a visit from my wife, so that it wouM ajjpear as if she had 

W i;i.i.ixc.T()X 1'.. Smith 

11 IS'I'DKK'AI. N'oTllS I 5' J 

tui'iiislu'il ii 111 iiK- if il was disri ixcrcd. I asked him il' lie lia<l it 
with liini. am! lie said he liad. I tlu-n askrd him [<> let me- >cc- it. 
Ai'Kt makini; )iu' promise {>> '^\\v il l-atd< In him. he let me take it. 
I examined il and then lianded it back. .\t 4 o'clock 'IMiiirsday 
eveninL;-, al'ier I was senlenced. he .L^ave me the ten cartridges. The 
revoh'er was a ■■^'ou1l,^ America'" or 'Aount^^ American." I don't 
rememher which. 1 1 wa> douhle-aclini;. had five cliamher.s. and was 
of 7,2 calii)er. 1 diil iioi know wlu're he .-^ot it. I don't rcnieml)cr 
whether he told me he .t;oi the ke\ s from a man in Litclifield. or 
whether he said he was ,^oin-- to -el lhcni of some man there. [ 
understood ihal ihe man was an officer or had been one. The 
time I saw I'rescoii before m\ escape was when he j^'ave nic the 
len cartridge- on 'i'luirsdax. lie ihen cautioned me not to use the 
revolver, shook hands with me and wished me i,^oo(l luck. .After 
my escape 1 ])awned the revolver in I'.altimore. I had it tied be- 
tween mv le,i;s the Saturday niorniu"- when they started to take me 
to W'etherstield. T was on the back seat of the last wai^on. which 
the sheriff was drivin-'. Howard was in ihe first wa.^'on with ihe 

Mr. TrocoU was ])resent while the latter ])art of this statement 
was made, and afterwards cross-examined lli.y-.^ins without material- 
Iv shakint^- his .-tatemcnt of the case." 

MUllAi;!. r.loN C.\ST'.. 

One of the most important cases of our Courts, considerin.o: it 
in all of its features, was the case of Michael Bion from the town 
of Xorth Canaan. 

Tn 1871 Lvman i:)unnin.i;'s store at East Canaan in the town of 
Xorth Canaan was l)uroiarized, and a woodchopix-r named Michael 
r.ion was arrested and convicted of the crime and sentenced to twi) 
vears in State I'rison. He behaved himself well, receivint^- the due 
credit therefor and was discharged at the expiration of his sentence 
with no great love for Mr. Dunning. 

In 1874 a bag containing gun powder was ])laced near ihe house 
of the next neighbor of Mr. Dunning occuiMed by the congregation- 
al minister and was exploded in the night time setting the house on 
tire, but doing no great damage. The two houses looked alike and 
it was supposed that the intention was to place the powder at Mr. 
I )unnings house. I'.ion was charged with this deed and arrested and 
after a har^l fought trial convicted and sentenced to ten years in 
State I'rison maiulv by the active agency of Mr. Dunning which 
did not increase T.ion's affection and he made 'threats of violence 
against Mr. Dunning. Upon his discharge from i)risoii he was 
induced to return to France his native country, .\bout five years 
after this he was discovered working under an assumed name m 
the vicinitv of Tine Plains only a few miles distant from 
Canaan. Mr. Dunning fearing further injury from him got out a 

iCk") i.riHiii-ii:i.i) lOiNTN r.i-.Nrii and r..\i< 

surclic's (if tlu' i)cacc ct miplaint. (>l)taiiK'<l a warrant and w Ikmi ho 
found him in C'lMnu'Clicni hail him arrested an<l hnai^hl hcfore a 
justice who phierd him under homls in the sum of live thousand 
dollars. I'lion could not furnish such hond and on the 19th day of 
Xovcnil)cr 1889 was Iodised in Litchfield jail, lie employed at- 
torneys who instituted hal)eas corpus i^roceediui^s to release him and 
by various stages the matter came before the Supreme C'oiu't of 
Errors at tlie .Ma\ Term iSc^o and the re])ort of the case occu])ies 
twenty pa^es of the 50th vohniie of the C'omieclicut Uepitrts. The 
L'ourt found no error in the jud^nieni complained of and liion still 
remained in the Litchfield jail, .\fterwards an arrans^ement was 
made h\ tlu- h'rench Consul by which llion was released and re- 
turned ti) I'rance. 

Till': i;oRii:sso\ .Mri<iii:i< Ti<r.\i.. 

( )nh- one sentence of death passed b\ this Tomi duriiii;' the 
Century was carried into efifect and this was upon Andrew Bor- 
jesson a native of Sweden who was residing' in New .Milford. ( )n 
the first of August 1890 in the night season liorjesson went to the 
house of Homer Buckingham and climbing on the roof of the ell 
part of the house entered the room of a Swedish girl named hjnma 
Anderson, a servant of Air. lUickingham's and murdered her. 

Mr. lUickingham hearing the noise in the room, went out of his 
house and saw B)Orjesson upon the roof of the liou>e from which 
he jumped and ran off into the woods, and going to tiie girls room 
found her 1> ing upon the floor in a pool of blood, her neck cut froni 
ear to ear on the back side with other wounds u])on her body. The 
murderer was arrested and bound over to the Sui)erior Court and 
a true bill was found against hitn on the 9th of ( )ctober iSi^o. lie 
was tried before the Superior Court in December and a \erdict i^f 
guilty found against him Decemljcr 31st i8<;(). and sentenced to be 
hung" January 29th, 1892. His counsel made most strenuous efforts 
for his reprieve getting de])ositions from relatives in v^weden con- 
cerning his sanity. .\11 efforts failed. It was a cool deliberate 
murder and there was no pul)lic sym])athy or extenuating circiun- 
stances. The sentence was dul\ carried into effect in the jail yard 
at Litchfield. The scenes connected with the execution outside of 
the jail enclosiu-e, were of a disgraceful character but everything 
connected with it officialK' were solemn, orderly and ])ro])er. The 
citizens of the village were exasperated and shocked and made such 
an appeal to the public sense of ])ropriety that the Legislature en- 
acted the law that' all future executions of the death penaltx should 
be had within the State Prison. 

('.osiii:\ 'I' \x c.\si;. 

in i8(;4. jime Term, a wr\ intert'Sting case wa> tried at W lu- 
sted being an a])peal from the decision of the I'.ojird ol Relief ol 

ciiAKi.i'.s !. i'uin"i:R 

II IS'I'MKU'AI, NO'l'KS l6l 

'i'owii nf ('.Dslun, ;il)(>ul ahatfiiKiit <it' 'ra\(.>. Tlu' aiiiuuiit involved 
was tritlint;'. hut tlu' |)riiu-ii)k' was imixirlant riKHij^li for a two 
weeks coiucst with a \er\ lar^i.' iiumlier oi wilncsses and several 
alt(irne\s. A local bard reports tlu' trial as follows: 

(•,( )Siii-:.\i.\. 

A famous tax-case once was tried, 

l'.\- tile staid old land of C.oshen ; 
( )ne l''essenden Ives was taxed too lii^li. 

At least, that was his notion. 

lie said his land was cold and wet. 

And hard-hacks co\ered the ijround. 
'I'he once fertile soil was sterile and cuUl 

And Nc'llow charlicks abound. 

J lis barn was like sweet charity 

That co\ereth a nudtitude of sin: — 
The outside was neat and fair to the eye. 

r>ut old rotten timbers within. 

He's assessed too hij^h, the rest too low. 

And there's a plot to take his gold, 
'Tis wronn.;- to do so after years of toil. 

Thus to rob him when he's old. 

The town ai)i)eared by 1 luntiuL^ton and Warner, 

\\v Webster, Welch and Jiidd, 
\\ bile Ives employed Hubbard, Hicktjx and I'.urrell 

To shed his op|X)nent's blood. 

The air was fraijrant with sweet breath of June. 

Outside were the birds and bees: — 
The judge's desk was strewed with flowers. 

Hardbacks, charlick aTi<l cheese. 

The stenograi)her dreams of hardback on toast. 

Of ivv. rocks, alders and birch. 
As the lawyers try to win their case 

The other side trying to smirch. 

The case dragged on its weary length. 

Watched by Goshen ladies fair. 
While ix)or old Kilbourn. the portlx' clerk. 

Sat fast asleep in his chair. 

For ten long da\s they fussed and fumed. 

With witnesses goaded to tears, 
\\ bile the costs were doubtless large enough. 

To i)a\ the taxes a hundred years. 


,1 Tell l'li:i.l) COI NT\' lUlNtll AND UAR 

I'DWAKl) A. X!{I,r.IS. 

'I'll !■; .MAX \ i;i<ixc. cast:. 

Ivlwin .Manncriiii; a resident of Koxliury died mi February IQ. 
1893. the result of takini;- a dose of F,])Soni Salts for niedioinal ])ur- 
])()ses in wliieli as afterwards discovered was a (|Uantity of strich- 
nine. The co]-oner niadt- a \er\- full in\estiL;ation which resulted in 
the arrest of Mrs. Mannerini^' for the crime of poisoning- her lius- 
band. It was admitted that strichnine had been ke])t in the house 
for the ])uri)Ose of jioisonin^- foxes, and it was shown that she had 
]:)urchased strichnine from a nei^liborin;;" druin'.^ist a short time 
before liis dealli. She was bound o\er for trial to the Superior 
Court and a tinie bill was found ai^ainst her li\- the (irand Jury. 
The trial occurred at IJtchtield in .\o\ember iS()3, lasting' six 
d.ays and resulted in her ac(|uitlal. 

It was ]jerhai)s the most >cusalioual trial vvw lu'ld in this 
Court. The ])ri>ont'r was led into C'ourt leaning' ujjou the arms of 
two friends and one or two j)h\siciaus were conslanlh- near to ad- 
minister stinnilants which was occasionalK' necessar\-. Several 
ladies of the \illai.:e of I.ilcbtield interested them>el\-es in her trial 
by altendiuL;" Com"! i\er\ da\ arra\ed in all the Munbre blackness 
of mourning- habilinuul^. It seemeil like a sla^e i)la\ rather tluin 
a cold blooded matter of fact trial. Her atlorni'y lefl no art or 
artifice imtouclu'd to arouse the s\ injiathii'S of the C'ourt and jury. 
.A distinguished im-ist remarked that it wa-- the most artistic trial 
he lAer witnessed. 


II ISloKUAF. NoTl'.S 165. 

M iKM AN r.Ki 11 )KS. W I I.I. I .XSi".. 

.\(irinan llrixiks ;i I'aniuT lixiiiL; in W inclicstcr dicil 011 the- jXth 
of hil\ iS()5. a,t;c(l ji^ ycuvs. lie left a widow but no childrc-ii and 
had a small anioinit of propcii}. .Xflrr his death a will was (jfTercd 
/or ])rol)atc which was made on the 15th of |anuar\ i!^<^5 in the 
office of Warner ^: Landon at Salisjjury. hrom ilie pmhate ot 
this will his widow ai)i)caled to the Superior Court, ipun the trial 
of the case in the Superior C'ourt the claim was made that tlie will 
in (piestion was not made 1)\ .Xdrman llrooks hut 1)\' some one per- 
sonatint;- him and that the disposition of his pro])erty ^iven in this 
will was entirely ditlerent from rei)eated declarations he had made 
and also that there was a ])revious will which corresponded with 
these declarations. The contestants had his l)od\ e.xhumed and the, 
witnesses to the will were ])resent to identify or not identify the 
person. It was also claimed that one K. M. Clossex' whose wife 
was a relati\e of the deceased and with himself were the priiuipal 
heneticiaries of the disputed will was lars^ely instrumental in the 
production of this will. That he went with Mr. Urooks who was 
(juite an infirm man on one of the ct)ldest days in January to Salis- 
bury to jjet the will made althoui^h he was not actually ])resent at 
its execution. The case came to trial before the Su])erior Court and 
a jury at Winchester at the A])ril Term i8(X). 'ind after a protraced 
trial the jury found that there was undue influence exerted upon the 
testator in makinj::;' a jiart of said will to wit. that part which t^ave 
the residue of the estate to said Clossey and also of that clause 
which gave him ])ower to sell all the real estate and that said 
])aragraph was null and void but confirming" and establishing the rest 
of the will. The case was ap])ealed to the Supreme Court of h'.rrors 
at the October Term i8(/). l'])on a motion for a new trial for a 
^■er(lict against evidence. 

In the record of tlie case the e\idence is ijrinted in full, occupy- 
ing 269 pages. 

After a full hearing before the Su])rt'me Court the motion lor 
a new trial was denied. 

ll.\>i;S M IKDIvK TRIAI.. 

In Februar\ Kpi. John 'J\ Hayes, a young man of Winsted. 
shot and killed Winnifred F. Cooke, a )()ung lady he had fallen 
in love with, because she would not elope with him and marry 
against the wishes of her father. The tragedy occurred at the 
Gilbert Home in Winsted on the iith of February, where the lady 
was employed as a teacher. He. after shooting" her shot himself 
three times in his head — but failed to kill himself — and was held for 
trial in the Superior Court. The trial came on at Litchfield at the 
( )ctober Term, before Judge l-llmer and lasted four weeks, when the 
|m"v returned a virdict of, on the Sth of Xovember of guilt\ of 

164 i.n\iii-ii:i.i) (,(U'NT\ i!i;ni.ii and hak 

niurdi-T in tlic srcond decree, and lu' was sciUcnccd !•> iinprison- 
nicnl f(ir life. The defense was insanit\- from lieredilary causes 
and four expert jtlixsicians were present all thmti^ii the trial, and 
testified fr^ni a supposed state of facts — which it took nearly two 
hours to read. Two of them i)ronounced him not responsihle and 
the other twn thou.i^ht him resi)onsil)le, for which important evi- 
dence the .>-tate allowed nearl\ two thousand dollars, while the 
iur\ i)aid Ud attention to them at all. but on their first ballot stood 
eij.i"lit for first dei^ree and three for the second decree and one 
])lank. .\fter twehe hours confinement in the jury room tlie\ all 
a_i;"reetl in l)rinq in a \erdict of murder in the second degree, which 
tlie court accepted. It was the most exi)ensive trial on our cost 
hook. Tile tntal ex])enses beinL;- a little o\-er seven thousand <liillars. 

ii.xDDoCK e.\si;. 

( )ne of the most im])ortant cases rei^ardin^- the ])roperty rights 
of husband and wife, and also one that has made j^reat confusion 
in the divorce laws of the country, was decided in the I'nited States 
Su]:)reme Court. April 12, itjo6. and can be fomid in \'ol. 201 of said 
T\e]iorts be.^innini; at ])a,^'e 5^)2. This case had its inception in this 
Su])erior Court. December 1881. and is known 1)\- the le,i;al i)ro- 
fession as tlie case of Haddock vs. Haddock. 

The facts are briefly as follows: The Haddocks were married 
in 1868 in Xew ^'ork. where both parties then resided. The \ery 
dav of the ceremon\- they separated, ciud never lived to.^'ether. In 
1881 .Mr. Haddock having- resided in Connecticut for three years, 
obtained a dixurce from his wife Harriet 1 laddock, at the December 
term, on tlie L^round of desertion. The ser\-ice of the writ was by 
publication in tlie Litchfield b'ncpiirer and a copy sent b\- mail to 
the defendant at Tarr\town, X. \'. where it was su])posed she re- 
sided. Thi> di\(irce was :L;-rante<l December (), 1881. and the decree 
was sii.;ned b\ 1 iitchcock, Judi;'e. At that time the i)laintitt was 
poor but he afterwards accpiired con.Mderable i)roi)ert\-. and also 
married another wife by whom he liad children, in 1804 the first 
wife brouiiht suit ap^ainst him in Xew ^'ork lor a divorce from 
bed and board and for alinmnx. Constructive serxice was made 
of this ])roce>s and she obtained a decree. As there was no ]km'- 
sonal service the jud^inent for alimony was ineffectual. In i8()9 
she brouLrht another suit against him. and obtained i)ersonal service 
on him. and was allowed a decree for alimon_\- for S780. a _\ear. 
The defendant in this last suit plead for one of his answers the 
Connecticut di\(irce in 1881. ])ut the Xew York courts disallowed 
it. I laddock a])i)eale(l \u the I'nited Slates Supreme Court on the 
i^round that the decree denied full faitli and credit to the judgment 
of the Connecticut cnurts, but the Sui)remt' C'nurt upheld the actions 
of the Xew N'ork courts and sustained the iud.!:;nient. live jud.ines 
in the affirmati\e and four dissentinjn'. The discussion and ex- 
planation of this seemin^K inconsistent decision re(|uire thirty pa^es 
of fine print in the Report. 

iii:\m' 1. Ai,i.i;.\. 

II ISTdK'K ,\l, NdTl'.S 



corxTv couoxEu. 

I'rcvions to 1883 all sudden deaths that occurred in the county 
were reported to the Clerk's office only by the returnes of a jury 
of in(|uest. A very great many of such deaths were ne\er reported, 
and those that were, showed some remarkal)lc verdicts. 

In 1883 the Legislature enacted a law for the ])ro])cr rclurn and 
preservation of these untimely deaths. Kach county was to have 
a coroner who sliould he aj^pointed by the Judges of the Superior 
Court at tlieir annual meeting, and wlm should hold office three 
years, and uniil anntjur was ai)])oinie(l in their place. The county 
coroner had ])ower to api)oint an able and discreet person learned 
in medical science to be medical examiner in each town in the 
county. The medical examiner was to examine the cause and 
manner of each sudden death and make his report thereon to the 
countv coroner who was to kec]) a record of such deaths. The 
medical examiner's rei)orts were to be placed on tile with the clerk 
of the Su])erior Court. 

The tirsl Ciiuntx (.'uroner in Litchfield County was Col. Jacob 
Ilardenbnrgh f)f Canaan, who held the otlicc ■uitil his decease on 
April 4. 1 8(^2. Richard T. Higgins of Winchester was appointed 
to succeed him. and has held the office from that time until the 


T.rr(,"iii'n:i,i) c'orN'i'N' r.i'xi'ii wu 

i-u.wK w. i: riii;uii)C.K. 

IlKAI/ni t)l'riCKKS. 

In 1893 the Legislature enacted a law for the appointnicnt of a 
County Health Officer, who was to be an attorney-at-law ami l)c 
appointed by tlie judges of the Superior Court, and hold office for 
four years. The statute prescribes that he shall cause the execution 
of the laws relating to public health and the i)revenli(in and abate- 
ment of nuisances dangerous to public health, and of laws relating 
til the registration of vital statistics, and co-operate with, and super- 
vise the doings of town, cit\' and liorough health officers, and l)oards 
of health within his county, lie is clothed with all the ])owers of a 
grand juror and prosecuting officer for tlie prosecution ot \iolations 
of laws relating to such matters. 

The a])])ointee was Walter S. judd, of Lilrlifu'ld. Thr sec- 
ond was William F. Hurlbut of Winchester, in 1894, and ilie tliird 
was the ])rescnt incumbent, I'Vank W. Ktheridge, who luis hcUl the 
office since i8(;r). 


II ISTiiKlC Al, VdTI'.S 


MAkCL^s 11. ii(>r.(,'()>rn. 

ATT()l<Xi;V (■.i:XKKAI.. 

In 1897 the Legislature of Connecticut enacted a law for the 
election of an Attorney General. In November 1906 ]\Iarcus H, 
Holconib a member of this bar, but residing" in Southington and 
practicing law both in that town and in Hartford was elected to 
that office. 

ir)8 i.i'ixii i"ii:i.i) (.(HN'i'v 1!i:mii and v.\h 


Jih1,il;\' C'lnirch in liis address iiu'ntii lll■^ ilu' lad lliat tlii' first Law 
i\ci)()rts ill this C(iuntr\- were published at I.itehtiehl si h ni after tlic 
establishment of the Law Selionl. 1)\ |'',|)liraiiii l\irl)\. l-",s(|. who was 
tlien a ])r(iiiiineiU and successt'iil altiiriie\ at I.itehtiehl. 

A nianuseri])t eupx' dl part »if these rejinrts has heen ])reserved 
h\ some of his (lesccndaiUs. and has heen ])laeed in the room of 
the llistorieal Socict\' at Litcliheld. Ity whose eourtesy I ha\e l)eo!i 
^])le to reproduee in this work the tirst ]n\'j;v of the "Symshur}" 

I am als() enabled to i;i\'e a picture of this eminent man from 
a photo_i;ra])li of a paintin<4 presented to St. i'aul's Lodi^'c. F and A. 
>r. of Litchtiehl. h\ Col. L. K. Russell I'. S. A., a .^Tandson of 
'Col. ]\irl)\. 

J also republish the preface to the Reports, together with a short 
memoir of its author and a list of the I)ooks composing- his Law 


The uncertaint\- and contradiction attending- the judicial de- 
cisions in this state, have long" been subjects of com])laint. — The 
source of this complaint is easilv discovered. — \\ hen our ancestors 
emigrated here, they brought with them the notions of jurisprudence 
which ])revailed in the countr\- from whence tliey came. — 'idle riches, 
Tn.xurw and extensive commerce of that countrx'. contrasted with the 
•equal distribution of property, simplicity of manners, and agricultur- 
al habits and emjiloyments of this, rendered a deviation from the 
I^nglisli laws, in manv instances. highl\- necessarx . This was ob- 
served — and the intricate and ])rolix i)ractice of the b.nglish ccnu'ts 
was rejected, and a mode of ])ractice more sinii)le, and better ac- 
•commodated to an eas\- and speedx' administration ol justice. ado])t- 
ed. — ( )iir Courts were still in a state of embarrasmeut, sensible that 
ihe common law of J{ngiand, "though a highly improved system." 
was not fully a])plicable to onr situation; but no ])r(n-isi()n being 
made to ])reserve and ])ublish ])roj)rr histories ol their adjudica- 
lions. e\er\ attem])t of the ludges, to run the line ot distinction, be- 
tween what was a))i)licable and what not, proved aborti\e : I*'or 
the principles of their decisions were soon forgot, or misunderstood. 
•or erroneoiisK rtported from meniorx . — I lence arose a confusion in 
the determination of our courts; — the rules of jjiopertx became un- 
certain, and litigation ])roi)ortionably increased. 

in this situation, .some legislative exertion was lound necessary; 
imd in the year 17X3 an act passed. re(|uiriiig the Judges of tlie 
Superior Court, to render written reasons tor their decisions, in 
■cases where the ])lea(lings closed in an issue at law. — 'I'iiis was a 
^rcat advance toward improvement; still it left the business of 
reformation but half ])erfoniied: — I'or the arguments of the Judges, 

flic f /• -^* '' * ^.'^ T^ /* i f* ' ^r^' -^< /a^i^m »,.'/^'itr^ 

.<V , /f X- ^.-.^i^V-.-, 

^^l I- dr J , 

,f.../ ..>.. /^r::,-., '^'■■■■^ z:.:^::"' 


IIISTOKU Al. \()TKS 169 

wilhiiut a liiNtiir\ >>{ [\\v win ilr case wnuld uu{ always he iiili-llii.^ihlc ; 
and i1k'\ wouM hccoiiu' known to hnl lew persons; and hcin^ written 
(MI loose i)ai)ers, were t.\])os(.(l to he mislaid, and soon sink into tfjtal 
()hli\ion. — llesides, \-ery niaii\ ini])oriant matters arc determined on 
motions of various kinds, where no written reasons are rendered, 
and so are liahle to he I'orewr lost. 

llence it hecanie ohxions to every one. that should histories of 
important causes he carefully taken and i)ul)lished, in which the 
whole process should api)ear. showing the true "^founds and ])rinci- 
])les of the decision, it would in time jjroduce a i)ermanent system 
t)\ common law. — Ihu the Court heini;' amhulatory thront;ii the 
State, the undertakiui;- would he attended with consi(leral)le ex])ence 
and interruption of other husiness, without any prospect of jjrivate 
advanta.u'e : therefore, no j^entleman of the profession seemed willing 
to make so great a sacrifice. — I hafl entered u])on this lousiness in a 
partial manner, for ])rivate use; which came to the knowledge of 
several gentlemen of distinction. — 1 was urged to ])iu-suc it more 
extensively; — and heing jiersuaded that an attem])t ot the kind 
(however imj^erfect ) might he made in some degree suhservient 
to the great ohject. 1 comi)iled the \ Olume of Re])orts which is now 
presented to the ])uhlic. — Could an\ effort of mine induce go\-ern- 
ment to ])rovide for the i)rosecution of so necessary a work l)y a 
more ahle hand. m\' wishes would he gratitied. ami m_\- lahour in 
accom])lishing this, am])l_\- repaid. 

In these Reports, [ have endeavored to throw the matter into as 
small a compass as was consistent with right understanding of the 
case: — Therefore, 1 have not .stated the i)leadings or argument? 
further than was necessary to hring up the ])oints relied on, except 
some few instances which seemed to require a more lengthy detail 
of argument. — .\s the work is designed for general use in this 
state, I have avoided technical terms and i)hrases as much as ixjs- 
sihle, that it might he more intelligihle to all classes of men. — Some 
cases are reported which are merel}- local, and ha\e reference to the 
peculiar ])ractice of this stale; these may ap])ear unimportant to 
readers in other states: hut they were necessary to the great ohject 
of the work. 

1 am sensihle that this ])ro(luction is introduced to the world 
under sircumstances very unfavorahle to its reputation. — lUit, how- 
ever different I might he, under other circumstances, I feel an honest 
confidence in this attempt to advance the common interest of my 
fellow-citizens; — and that, so ol)vious are the difficulties which 
occtir in almost every stage of the husiness, that to d.etail them in 
a preface would be offering an insult to the understanding of my 
readers. — The candid and generous, if they read the Reports, will 
douhtless find fre(|ueut occasion to draw into exercise those ex- 
cellent virtues; and as to readers of an opposite disposition, T have 
neither wishes or fears concerning them. — If any one should ex- 

\yo i.n\ii 1-1 i:i.n idixn i;i;x(,ii and i:.\k 

])cririicc disaL^iwalilc scnsaliniis. innw tlic iiu-k'^ancc nf lliis pcr- 
lonnancc. let liiiii rcsi assurnl 1k' i."aiiniit iimrc siiicrrcK rcj^rct its 
iaults than I do."' 

llaxiiiL;- |)crsiR'<l .Mr. l\irl)y"s " Ixcporls <<{ C'asos adjiulmed in 
tlu' Su] )(.'i"itii- (.'onrt, I'voni the year 1 7S5 to 17SS,"" it apjuars to ns 
that the L'a.'^cs arc trnly rt.'i)()rlcd. 

Kkiiaki) 1.\\\. 

Im.ii'ii \i.i:t I )^ i;k. 

I\(ir,i;i,: Siii:km \\. 

W 1 1.1. 1 AM I'lTKIX. 
( )1.I\i:K I'J.I.SWOKTII. 

l';i'llUAl.\l KLUl'.N'. 

]'"])hraim Kirby was Ijorn in IJtclititld in I75'>, as ai)])cars l)y 
tile records of the town. His l)irth is also claimed to have been 
in the town of \\'ashinj;ton. Conn, on the site of the residence of 
the late lion. ( ). II. I'latt. lie was a farmer hoy, bnt at the age of 
nineteen on the arri\al of the news of the I'.attle of Lexington he 
shonldered his niusket and marched with the volnnteers from Litch- 
tield to the scene of conflict and was present at the Uattle of lUniker 
llill. lie remained in the field nntil independance was won, ex- 
cept when drixen from it by severe wonnds. Jle was in nineteen 
battles and skirmishes, among" them llrand) wine, Monnionth and 
Gcrmantown, where he received thirteen wounds, seven of which 
were saber cuts on the head inflicted by a Critish soldier at German- 
town, where Kirby was left for dead ui)on the field. Afr. Kirby 
studied law in the office of Jvcynolds Marvin. I^sq., who had been 
King's Attorney before the war. and who was a prominent member 
of the bar. In 1787 he received the degree of M. A. from Yale 
College, .\fter his admission t(^ the bar, he married Ruth Marvin, 
daughter of his preceptor. Col. Kirl)\ took a prominent part in the 
])olitical matters of the day, and in \y^)\ was first elected representa- 
tive to the Legislature, and was re-elected at thirteen semi-annual 
elections, and was several years, candidate for the office of governor. 

( )n the election of Jefferson to the 1 'residencw in iSoi. Col. 
Kirby was appointed su])ervis()r of the national revenue for the 
State of Connecticut. l'i)on the accpiisition of Louisiana, the I'resi- 
dent a])])ointed him a judge of the then ne\vl\ organized territory 
of .\'ew ( )rleans. 1 laving acce])ted the station, hv set out for \ew 
Orleans; but he was not destined to reach that ])lace. lla\ing 
])roceeded as far as h'ort Stoddard, in the Missiissii)pi territory, he 
was taken sick, and died ( ictober ji\, i(So4, aged forty-seven — at a 
])eriod when a wide career of ])ublic usefulness seemed opening 
u])r)n him. J lis remains were interred with the honors of war and 
other (lemonstrations of respect. Col. Kirby was a man of the 
liighcst moral and well as ])hysical courage — de\-oted in his feelings 
and aspirations — warm, gener<nis and con>tant in his attachments — 

i:i'iiu.\i.\i Kii^in- 



and of iniloniilal)l(.' energy, lie was, willial, ^riilk' an<l wimiiiij^ 
in his manners, kindly in his disposition, and naturally of an ardent 
and chcerfid teni])cranKMU. though the last few years of his life were 
saddened 1)\- lK'a\\- ])ecuniary misfortunes. As a lawyer, he was 
reniarkahle for frankness and downright honesty to his clients, 
striving- alwavs to prevent Htii^atinn. uniformly allaying^ irritation 
and eiVectiniL;- compromises, and only prosecutini;- with ener^-y the 
just and i^ood cause, against the had. lie enjoyed the friendship 
of manv sages of the Revolution, his corres])ondence with whom, 
would form interesting materials for the liistory of his time. 

Col. Kirhv, was a ])rominenl meml)er of the .Masonic fraternity. 
He was one of the early Masters of St. I'auFs Lodge of Litchfield, 
and for manv \ears was its secretary. He was a lieautiful penman, 
as is evidenced l)y the records of St. Paul's Lodge. He was largely 
instrumental in forming the Grand J^odge of the State of Connecti- 
cut, an<J wa> one of its early officials. He was also a prominent 
Royal Arch ^lason, and was a delegate to the convention which 
organized the general Grand Chapter of the United States, and 
was its first General Grand High Rriest. When he left Litchfield 
to accept the position of Judge oi the territory of Loui.sana, he 
gave to St. Paul's Lodge, Litchfield, his lihrary of miscellaneous 
hooks, which have heen carefully ]M-eservefl hy the Lodge as a 
memorial of liini, and are now placed in the fii-e])roof huilding of 
the Historial Society. 

He also sold his law- hooks to Seth T. lleers and 1 am enahled 
to give the conveyance wdth the list of hooks, which will show the 
lihrary of a prominent practising lawyer of a century ago. 

List of Law^ Books sold to Seth P. Beers by my husband Ephraim 
Kirby and delivered to said I'eers by me in pursuance of written 
directions from my said husband wdiich directions bear the date 
of July the 51)1 A. D. 1804. 



lUackstones Commentaries 
Dunscombs trial jier ]iais 
Beacon Abridgm't 
Jacobs Dictionary 
Kngiish Statutes 
Go(ld])hin on Executots, etc. 
Fosters Crown Law 
P>ullen Xisi Prius 
Powel on M<:)rtgages 
Morgans l£ssays 
Attorneys \'a(le Mecum 
Comyn's Digest 
Cokes Institute 2 Part 
Hawkins I 'lea of \e Crown 

4 powel on Devises 

2 Woods Institute 

5 Coke on Littleton 

1 Woodesons Lectures 

(1 P.acon on .Awards 

I .\ew York Atty Wade Mecum 

I Schitllers Practice 

I Barlamicpii on Xat. Law 

1 Historical Law Tracts 

3 Compleat Attorney 

2 Stats. England abridgd 
5 Stiles Practical Regr. 

'i h'.nglish Pleader 

2 Clerks Tutor 

1/2 I I'lX'II I"li:i.l) ^,■(M■\■1'^• I'.l-Xni AMI 11 AR 

\ ols. \'ols., 

Kvcr\- man his own l.awwr i 1 'lowdnis Reports 

( )f tici' of |iisn(.-f J \ riilrirs Ixi'porls 

Douglass (in \\ ill> i C'arlhcw s Kt^ports 

J. aw ni l'*\i(kncc i lloharls l\e])iirts 

Daiii^cs Triminal Law _^ (.'( i\\ prrs Keports 

Statutes of \'orni(int i \ t.rnonx Ixrports 

lit'iitlianis Defence of I'snry i \exe\"s l\e|)orts 

Ache on L'ourl Martial i I'rc C'lianeer\ 

r.eecaria on C'rinies I l'"incks l\ei)orts 

Acts of 1st Session of C'on- llardwieks Kqiorts 

stress I \ au,i;lian's Reports 

Acts of ^(1 vSession of ^tli Sidertins l\e]:)orts 

C'ont^ress i 'I'lios. Raymond Reports 

,\cts of 1st Session of ()t]i JJttk'tons Ivcjiorts 

Cons^ress i ^'eh'ertons Re])orts 

Acts of ist Session of ist 1 )yer's Reports 

Coni^ress i Moore's Re]:)orts 

Saxbys Customs i Ralmer's Reports 

Holts Reports i Jenkins Reports 

Strani^ers Reports 2 Kitzqibbons Re])orts 

Burrows Reports 5 Saville's Rejiorts 

Wilsons Reports 3 I'eere Williams Reports 3 

\\'. Rlackstonc Reports 2 Atkins Re])orts 3 

Browns Reports i Livins Reports 2 

Douglass Reports i Ambles Reports T 

Dainfords Reports i Lord Ra\nionds Ivcport^ 

Salkelds Reports 2 Comlierbacli's Reports 

Lutwyches Rei:)orts i lUilstrode's Rejxirts 

Cokes Reports 7 Comyns Rejxirts 

Crokes Reports 3 Cbipman's Reports 

Kebles ]^eports 3 Kirbys l\e])orts 


RL'Tjn' KiKi'.w 


inc.]-:u siii-:kman'. 


Signers of the Declaration of 

KOCIvR SI 1 1; KM AX. 

One (if the signers of the Declaration of IndcixMidcnce. was ad- 
niittcxl to the practice of the law in 1754 by the Litchtield County 

He was born in Newton. :\lass.. April 19, 1721, and received a 
very limited education, and learned the trade of a shoemaker. J lis 
father, William Sherman, dying when Roger was twenty years old, 
he soon after removed to New Alilford, Connecticut, and lived with 
his brother William who had been settled there on a farm for about 
three years. The first notice of Roger Sherman on the town records 
of New Milford is Feb. 6, 1744. He became a large land owner 
and was very prominent in all the town afifairs. a deacon in the 
church, and clerk and treasurer of the Eccl. Society. He and his 
brother also had a general store, and he lived very nearly on the site 
of the present Town Hall, wdiich in later years has been named 
"Roger Sherman Hall." The old store building is said to be still 
in existence. 

He was a very industrious and studious man. In 1745 the Cen- 
eral Assemblv appointed him a County Surveyor of New Haven 
County, which then included New Alilford ; this office was pecuniari- 
ly of more value in those days than it has been in later years, for 
one of his surveys he received nearly 84 pounds; man\- of the jilans 
and maps of his surveys are to be found in the New Millord Land 
Records made by him in his own hand. 

Soon after tlie formation of Litchfield County in 1751 he studied 
law. and in 1757, three years after his admission to the bar. he was 
appointed County Judge, and a Judge of the Quorum. He was 
also a representative to the General Assembly several sessions.^ Re- 
moving to New Haven in 1761, he was chosen the Governor's as- 
sistant, and also a Judge of the Superior Court, which office he 
held twenty-three years. 

He was elected a member of the first Continental Congress 
which met Septeiuber 5th, 1774 in New York, and continued a 
member of Congress for nineteen years, the last two being in the 
Senate, of which he was a member at the time of his death. July 
23. 1703- 

174 T.n\iii"ii:i.n c"()LNT\- i'.mnhii and 

As .-i iiK'nil)cr of the ContiiU'iUal L'oiis^rcss, ho was nnc of the 
ccinniittco to draft the I )eolaratioii of I ndc'iKMulcncc, which ho sign- 
ed I >u J ul\ 4, 1 JJt>. 

Tliomas Jclforson says of tliis (Ustinguished statesman. "1 served 
with him in the old Congress in the years 1775 and 177''). He was 
a \ery ahle and log'ical dehater in that 1)od\-, stead\ in the principles 
of the Kevolntion, always at the ])ost oi duly, nnich empU)yed in 
the bnsiness of the committees, and. i)articnlarly. was of the com- 
mittee with I )r. Franklin. Mr. J. Adams. Mr. i.ivingston and mv- 
self for i)rei)aring the I )eclaration of Independence. I liad a very 
great resjxx't for him." 

John Adams also \vrote. "Destitute of all literary and scientific 
education, hut such as he actpiired 1)\' his own exertions, he was 
one of the most sensible men in the world. The clearest head and 
steadiest heart. lie was one of the soundest and strongest pillars 
of the Revolution." 

Chief justice ]{lls worth saiil that he made Mr. Sherman the 
model of his youth. 

The honor and fame of Roger Sherman does not rest entirelx' 
upon his heing a signer of the Declaration of lndci)endence. Tn 
the early formation of this government, he took an active and im- 
])ortant ])art. He was a member of the Convention which framed 
the Consutution of the L'nited States, and it was undoubtedly due 
to his wise and sagacious counsel and cool impartial judg"ment, that 
the Convention was held tog-ether until the great work was ac- 
comjilished. \ erv man\- of its j^eculiar jirovisions. which are now 
considered so important, originated with him. This compilation 
cannot go into the historv of the Convention in detail, but those 
wishing further light on the subject of the ])art taken in it by 
Roger Sherman, will do well to consult HoUister's History of Con- 
necticut, where it is discussed at length. 

.\ com])etent authority sa}s, that "he is the only man who signed 
four important fundemental documents of our government, viz: 
The Articles of Association in 1774 : the Declaration of Indej)endence 
in 1776, which he assisted in drafting; the Articles of Confedera- 
tion in I77<'^, and the lH'(leral C'onstilution in 1788. 

oi.ixHK u oi.i'oTT. 

'J'he other signer of the Declaration (tf Independence in whom 
Litchfield County is interested, was ( )liver W'olcott. who was the 
first sheriff of the County upon its organization in 1751. 

'J'he following taken from Kilbourn's History of Litchfield is a 
pretty concise sketch of this distinguished man. 

"The H(Miorable Oliver W'olcott, son of His Ivxcellency. the 
lion. Roger Wolcott, Governor and Chief Justice of Connecticut, 
was born in Windsor, December 20, 1726. and was graduated at 
Yale College in 1745. In early manhood he commanded a company 

GiCN'. Orj\ i-K W'or.coTT. 


of volunteers in the Xorthern Army, in the war aj^ainst llic iMencIi. 
I lavinf^- pursued the usual eoursc of nieflical stuclies, he establishe<l 
himself as a physician in (joshen, and was there at the date of the 
origan izat ion of the County of Litchfield, October, 1751. The 
Legislature appointed him the tirst High Sheriff of the new County, 
and he immediately took up his abode in this village, and con- 
tinued to reside here until his decease, a period of forty-six years. 
In 1752 he erected the "W'olcott House" in South street, where dur- 
ing the Uevolulionary W ar. King (icorg-e's leaden statue was melted 
into bullets, to bo lired at his own troops. 

With a commanding ])ersonal appearance, dignified manners, 
a clear and cultivated intellect, and a character f(^r integrity far 
above the reach of sus[)icion. it is not to be wondered at that he 
became a favorite of the peo])le with whom his lot was cast, besides 
holding the office of .^herilY for over twenty years, he was chosen 
a Re])resentative to the Legislature five times between the years 
T764 and 177*^ inclusive; a member of the Council or Upper House 
from 177 1 to 178'). Judge of the Com"t of Probate for the District 
of Litchfield ivo]n 1772 to 1795; Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas from 1773 to 1786; and member of the Continental Congress 
from 1775 to 1784 (except two years). He was one of that memor- 
able band of patriots and sages who. on the 4th of July. 1776, affixed 
their names to the Declaration of [ndei^endence. In the early part 
of the war of the Revolution, Jii<lge W'olcott was commissioned as 
a Brigadier (icneral, and Congress a])pointed him a Commissioner 
on Indian Affairs for the X'orthern Department, with General 
Schu\ler and others. In May, 1779, he was elected by the Legisla- 
ture and commissioned bv Governor Trumbull as ^Major General 
of the Militia of Connecticut, to succeed General James W'ads worth, 
resigned. In these important and responsible stations, he rendered 
the country essential service. ( )n the field, in the camp, at the 
rendezvous, in the department of the Commissary of v'^upplies — in 
fact, wherever he could render himself useful — he was found, ever 
prompt in planning and efficient in executing. At the same time 
he was an active member of the Committee of Safety : and. when 
at home, was equally zealous and conspicuous in the local afifairs 
of the town — officiating as ?vIoderator, Selectman. Committeeman, 
etc. Indeed, no man in the State, at this period, discharged so many 
and varied pul)lic duties. A considerable share of the reputation 
which Connecticut recpiired for ])romptness in furnishing men and 
means for the army, is due to General Wolcott. Certainly, to no 
other individual in the western counties could Governor Trumbull 
or General Washington a])ix'al for aid, with the certainty of suc- 
cess, as to him. 

In I78r). he was elected to the office of Lieutenant-Governc^r 
of the State, and was annually re-elected for a period of ten years 
In May, 1796, he was chosen Governor, to which distinguished 

lyG i.nx'ii i'ii:i.i) (.'oi NT\' r.i'.NCii and i'.ar 

]>osition he Avas a!;ain elevated at the annual election in 1797. He 
was now seventy years c^t a^e. His naturally rohust constitution 
lK\t^an to ivc\ the wci^lu of care and responsihility which had been 
S(i loui;- ])rcssinL;- upon it. lie departed this life at his residence in 
Ivitchheld. Hccenilicr 1, 17(;7. aged 71 years. 

joe] r.arlow, in his great national poem. Thr Cohiinhiad. thus 
refers to his zeal and elTdrls in the cause nf Independence; 

■■r.old W( )LC( )'r'r urged the all-inii)ortanl cause. 
\\'ith steady hand the solemn scene lu' draws; 
Undaunted firmness with his wisdum joined. 
Xor kings nor worlds could war]) his steadfast mind." 

Governor Oliver W'olcott \vas of and had a very distinguished 
family. His son. ( >h\er, Jr.. was Secretary of the I'nited States 
1'reasurv under President George Washington, and Governor of 
this State for ten years. Another son. h'redefiek. was clerk of 
C(nuity and Superior Courts for _\ears. and the founder of the 
A"illag"e of \\'olcottville, now the business ixirtion of Torrington. 
One of his daughters married lion. William .Muselew M. C. of 
Hartford, anil ani>ther married Lieutenant-Gox'ernor Goodrich, of 

His sister, I'rsula W'olcott. married Governor Matthew (iris- 
wold. and was the mother of Ciovernor Roger Griswold. Thus 
her father, brother, husband, son and ne])hew were all governors 
of Connecticut, a fact which cannot jjrobabl}' be said of any other 
ladv who has li\'ed in the State or the United States. 


The history of the legal matters of the (.'oi:nt\ would be in- 
complete without a reference to the County Jail. This institution 
is situated on one of the most ])rominent sites in Litchfield at the 
corner of Xorth and West streets. The original jail was located 
on the brow of Hast Hill, on the exact spot now occu])ied by the 
Center school house. At the excavation of the ground for the 
cellar for the school house some of the original foundation work 
was discovered, and in some of the stone work were found staples 
and rings indicating that occasionally a prisoner might have been 
chained \\\). It is said to have been a crude. l)Ut strongly built 
structure of hewn log's. Adjoining it a large old-fashioned house 
was erected in which the jailer lived and kept a hotel, the prison 
being in the rear. This building appears lo h;i\e been built in 
I7^'^>. y-t a cost of about nine hundred ])oim<ls, slerling. 

II isTouic \i. \ii'i'i:s 177 

Tlu' fi'Diil i)ari (if llu' pix^cnl jail was crfctcd in iSio-ii. at 
an cxpi-nst- ni $ii,_'45.7S, and \\a> Imill <>\ brick, which wt-rc made 
of cla\' <hiL; iin thr iMatl hrtwrrn Ti irrin^li mi and IjtohfK-ld. jnst 
cast of "Sc\ni(inr's meadow. "" The liricks were \vv\ lianl and 
liiiildcrs have said thai it was mnch easier to (W'^ lhrou,L;h liie 
granite foini(hition> than thnm^h ihe l)rick. 

A wooden l)uiMinm- for a kitchen was afterwards added on 
the nortliern side, and the i)reseni arran^enieni of cells in the 
middle bnihhm;- was made ahont sixty years aL;o. 

In i<^<j5. tlie accommoilalions nol ])ro\-in^ ade(|nate. a connty 
meetinj^- was held and an aildilion ordered to he constrncled on 
tiie west end of the ori.i;inal huildini;-, wliich was done at a cost 
of about $25,000.00. The old part liad cells for seventeen inmates 
and this addition ])ro\ided cell room for iw enty-ei.^'ht. with cat^c-. 
for five more, with washroom, bathroom and other needed ac- 
commodations. It is now lieated 1)\' steam and furnished with 
cit\- water, and is li^lited with ^as from its own i>rivate plant. 

In the earl\- da\s the keei)in^- of the ])risoners was let out to 
the hi:L;hest bidder and the keeper (now called the jailer) made 
what he could out of the ])rison work and also ke])t a hotel in 
the buildini;". This s\ stem ])re\ailed until about iSf),^. when llie 
sheritf', as one of the prero^atixes (d" liis ollice took possession and 
ran the institution himself. The i)rice allowed for board ot pris- 
oners has \aried ; at the i)re.sent time it bein^" $2.25 per week. ])aid 
b\ the State. 

( )ne of the lart^-e rooms in the third stor\' was used as a ])ublic 
luill. The .Masons and other societies used it for their meetino-s 
and at otlier times it was used as a sciioolroom. 'i'he compiler of 
these sketelies has attended school tiiere. 

A lari^c workshop is located in the second story of the new j^art, 
in which man\- of the prisoners are em])loyed caning' cliair seats, 
manufacturin,;- hrooius, and such oilier em];loyments as is allowed 
ti> ])rison labor. 

.\ larti^e elm tree, seen in the cut at the southeast corner of the 
lail \ard. is known as the " W hiiipin^ i)ost elm." on which formerly 
jirisoners were i)ul)licl\ whi])ped : the last whipi)in!:;- occurred about 
.sevent\ -live \ ears a^o. 

2Iaut i>i:l|nnl 






LAW sc'iioor. 



'l"hc folliiwin.^- arliclc apin'arcil ori-iiiall)- in llir l-'chniary 
(1901 ) niiml)(.T (il The Law Xoh-s. i)ul)lislK'(l by Thc^ Edward 
'J'hoin-^on Co.. of Xcrlli])( •rt. K. I. It was written by Charles C. 
IMoore, Esq., a native of W incliesler, an<l a former member of 
this bar, now one of tlie editors of the American and Enghsh 
luicyclopecha of Law, ])nl)Hshed 1)> the al)ove-named company. 
'Jdie'article has been shghtly al)ridoed for this work. In its prepar- 
ation Mr. Moore was largely aided l)y the late Chief justice Charles 
I '. Andrews : 

" ( )ne who looks throug-h the records of the town meetings of 
Litchheld from }■/()=, to 1775 will lind that there were discussions 
on the Stani]) Act, \he Boston I'ort I'.ill, and other acts of Parlia- 
mentary aggression, as clear and well defined as the debates ui 
that town meeting where Samuel Adams and Harrison Cray Otis 
were the i)rincii)al speakers. The child Libert;, would not have 
been born in the I'.oslon town meeting had not the Eitchfield town 
meeting and other like town meetings thrt)ughout the colonies 
prepared the atmosphere in which alone that child could breathe. 
Litchfield was the principal station on the highway from Hart- 
ford to the Hudson; and a depot for military stores, a workshop, 
and a provision storehouse for the Continental Army were there 
established during the Re\olution. ]\fany distinguished royalist 
])risoners were sent there, and a military atmosphere pervaded 
the place. Ceneral Washington was a frequent visitor, and so 
were other general ofhcers of the American forces, including 
Lafayette, who, when he visited the Cnited States in 1824, went 
to Litchfield to renew old memories with some of his fornier 
comrades in arms. The leaden statue of King George the Third 
wdiich stood on the IJattery in Xew^ A^ork was conveyed to Litch- 
field, and in an orchard in the rear of the Wolcott house it was 
melted into bullets for the patriot army. All through the struggle 
with the mother country Litchtield was a hotbed of patriotism, and 
when the tirst law school in America commenced its regular sys- 
tematic course of instruction there in 1784. the ambitious village 
had among its citizens numerous men of exce[)tional intelligence 
and culture. One of them was AndreW' Adams, who had been a 
member of the Continental Congress and was afterward a judge 
of the Supreme Court. Oliver \\'olcott was there. He also_ ha<l 
been a memlxn" of the C(Migress, had signed the Declaration of In- 
dependence, and was afterward Governor of the State. Ephraim 
Kirby, who a few years later published the tirst volume of law- 
reports ever published in America, Major Seymour, who had com- 
manded a regment at the surrender of l^.urgoyne ; I'.enjamin Tall- 

i82 i.iixii I'li'.i.i) c'oiNTN i'.i;n(,ii and r.AK 

ni;i(li;\'. jjcrlians the most iidtcil (.-axali"}- cnuiniaiKkr nf tlic Kcvulu- 
tion ; Julius I)cMniu_i;. a xny prc.uiiucut and successful nici'chaut 
and financier, and nian\ (itiurs of like character were rcsidinj^ in 
the town. into this coinniunit\ in the year 1 77S came Taj)pinj^ 
l\ee\e. a xouul;' lawxer just admitted to the har, to settle in 
the ]>ractice of his profession. liorn in Southold, l-on^' Island, 
in 1744. the sun of Rev. Ahner Keeve, a J'resbyterian cleri^yman, 
he was ,irraduate(l at Princeton College in 17^)3. and was inmiediatcly 
appointed teacher in a grammar school iu connection with the 
collet^X'. In that station and as a tutor in tlu' colles^'e itself he 
]'-assed seven years. lie then came to C'onnecticut to study law, 
entering- the ollice of judi;e Root, who was then a ])racticing 
lawver in Hartford, and some \ears later a jud^e of the Su]n'enic 
Court. I-'rom llartford he came to Litchfield, lie had just pre- 
vi()usl\- married SalK l'«urr, dau.^hter of Tresident Uurr of Prince- 
ton, and sister of Aaron liurr. L'ntil the conclusion of the Revo- 
lutionary War there was hut \ery little civil business done in the 
county at Litchfield, and Mr. Reeve betook himself to g-ivini^' in- 
struction to \()ung" gentlemen who looked forward to the legal 
])rofession for su])port and advancement when quieter times should 
come. This emplo}'ment tended greatly to enlarge and improve 
his stock of legal learning, and led the way for him to begin in 
1784 a systematic course of instruction in the law and to regular 
classes. The Law School dates from that year. It cou'tinued in 
successful operation and with annual graduating classes until 1833. 
'JMic catalogue contains the names of one thousand and fifteen 
young men who were prepared for the bar subsecpient t(> Uie year 
1798, of whom were admitted to the ])ractice in the court at 
jjtchfield. The list of students ])rior to that date is imperfect, 
but there are known to have been at least two hundred and ten, 
Tvlore than two-thirds of the students registered from states other 
than Connecticut. Maine sent four, Xew Hampshire fifteen, A'er- 
mont twenty-se\-en, Massachusetts ninet \-fonr, Rhode Island 
twenty-two. Xcw ^"ork one hundre(l and twent\ ■ four. New Jersey 
eleven, 1 'ennsyl\-\'ania thirtx'. I )ela\\ arc eigliteen, Mar\land thirty- 
nine, N'irginia twenty-one. North Carolina twenty, Soiuh Caro- 
lina forty-five, C>eorgia si.vty-nine, ( )hio four, Indiana, Mississippi 
and 'J\'nncssee each one, Kentnck\ nine, Alal)ama three, an<l Louisi- 
ana seven. There were four from the district of C'olumbia and 
one from Calcutta. The greatest number wh;) I'utered in any 
single year was fifty- four in 1S13. 

" Lawvers n()w living in the original slates will recogni/.e the 
names of manv men conspicuous in the juridical annals of their 
stale. Aaron IbuT studied law at Litchfield. b>hn C. L'-alhoun 
entered the Law School in iSo_:;: ouK- a few rods from the school 
buihling was the house wliere 1 l;irriet I'.eecher .^towc was born 
iri iSii. and llcm-\ Ward'chei- in iSi;; and ;i short hour's 

walk would have hnm-lit llic \(mi)-- SoiuIutiut In tin- spot wlu-re 
Idliii I'.rowii was l)oni in iSoo, in l!u' ailjoiiiin- lown ot 'I orrini;lon. 
Two of the jL^Taduatcs JK-canic judi^vs oi ihr SuiJrciiK' Court of the 
riiilc'd States — Ilcnrv Baldwin and Levi W oodhury ; tiftecn I'liited 
v'^tates Senators, fil'tx meiiihers of C'on-re-s, li\e nienihers .,1 the 
I'nited Stales Cahinet, ten governors ol states, fort\-lonr jnd^es 
of state and inferior I'niUMl Stales eonrls, and ''even forei.^n minis- 
ters, (k'orj^ia is espeeially well represented. Amoni^" the names of 
indices of that Stale we noiiee l'.n-enin> A. .\esbit, who wrote 
"the" ek'm-ant disstrtaiion in .Milehnm r. State, ii Ca. O15. on the 
])rivilei;-e and ilnt\- of connsel in ar.i..;nin,^- a case to a jury, in eon- 
neelion with ihe jii-opei- limitations of the freedom ol dehate--an 
opinion eopied almost \'erhatim in Tneker z'. 1 lenniker. 41 .\'. II. 
-^\j. with an omission of (piotation marks so sin!..;nlar and llaii,-rant 
as to ha\e occasioned comment hy the ])rofessii)n 

•■ The course of instruction was comi)leted in fourteen months, 
inclndiui;- two vacations of four weeks each, one in tlu' sprin.^-, 
the other in the autumn. Xo student could enler for a sh(jrter 
].eriod than three months. The terms of iu-lruclK n were (in 1828) 
Sioo for the first year and $0o for the second, payable either in 
advance or at the end of the \-car. 

•• In the library for the Law School at Vale rniversity may 1)C 
found several boun.d volumes id' manuscript which a])])arently con- 
tain the entire lectures of jud-e Reeve. They are in the hand- 
writiuij- of his son, Aaron I'm-r l\ee\e. lUit u^ari^inal reference 
interlineations in his own hand make it certain that these volumes 
have all been revised by judi;e Reeve himself. The tradition is that 
they are the manuscripts which he used in his lectures during" the 
last \ears that he tau.ght. .\n inspection of these volumes shows 
that the course of instruction i^iveu at the Litchfield Law School 
covered the entire body of the law. They speak of the law gener- 
allv — in reference to the sources whence it is derived, as customs 
and statutes, witb the rules for the application and interpretation of 
each. Then follows Real Estate, Rights of Persons, Rights of 
Things. Contracts. Torts, Evidence. TUeading. Crimes, and Ivpiity. 
And each of these general subjects is treated under various sub- 
sidiarv to])ics, so as to make the matter intelligible and afford the 
student a correct and adequate idea of, and basis for. the work he 
will be called upon to perform in the practice (d' his i)rofession. 
Judge Reeve conducted the school alone until ijt^S, when, having 
been elected a judge of the Supreme Court, he associated James 
Gould with him. They had the joint care y)i the school until 
1820. when Judge Reeve withdrew. .Mr. C.onld continued the 
classes until 1833. being asissted during the last year by Jabez 
W. Huntington. Judge Reeve remained on the bench until he 
reached the limit of seventy yi-ars in 1815. The last i)art of the 
term he was chief justice, fie died in 1823, in ihe eightieth year 

184 I.I1\ Ill-li;i,D CULNIN I:i:n\ II AM) I'.AU 

of his life. He Irfl an only child. Aaron I'.urr. who i^rachiatcd 
at Yale in 1802. Aaron I'.urr Kccw married AnnahcUc Siiedden, 
of Richmond. \a., in 1808. He died in i8()(). lie loft an only child, 
'JapjMni;- I'nrr Kccvc. who QTaduatcd at \:\\v. hut <licd unmarricMl 
in 182c;. and thus llic family hecamc extinct. Mr. Ciould became 
a iudL;"e of the Sui>reme (.'onrl of C'onneclicnl, and was the author 
of the celebrated work on I'leadiui^-. Me died at I.ilcblield in 1838. 
The course of in.'^truction at the school must have been incom- 
parably more exhaustive than would be ])iissible al the i)resent day, 
tor the ob\-ious reason that there was so much less to learn. In 
1784 there were no ])rinted reports of decisions ot any court in 
tlu' I'niled States. Substantially the entire 1)ody of the law was 
to be found in the j{nglisii reports. It is said that Jud^e (lould 
had systematically dii^ested for his students " every ancient and 
modern o])inion, whether o\erruled, doubted, or in an_\- way (piali- 
tied."' lint vast bodies of law of which the uim lern student must 
learn something;" were unknown to the curriculum of the ivitchtield 
Law School, and many i)rinciplcs kitent in the common law were 
just lx\yinnin^- to be deyelo])ed. Lord Mansfield resig-ned his 
oHice of Chief Ju.stice in 1788, after presiding in the King's Bench 
over thirty years. Prior to his time the greatest uncertainty had 
prevailed on questions of commercial law. " Afcrcantile questions 
were so ignorantly treated when they came into \\'estminster Llall," 
says Lord Campbell in his Lives of the Chief justices. •' that they 
were usually settled l)y private arbitraticMi among the merchants 
themselves." There \yere no treatises on the subject and tew cases 
in the books of rejiorts. 'Jdius in llelyn 7'. Adamson, 3 r)Urr. 699, 
decided in 1758, it was lirst distinctly ruled that the second in- 
dorser of an inland bill of exchange was entitled to recover from the 
])rior indorser upon failure of ])ayment by the drawee, without mak- 
ing any demand on or incjuiry after the drawer. In 1770 it was held 
that the indorser of a bill of exchange is discharged if he re- 
ceives no notice of a refusal to accept by the drawee. (Rlesard v. 
llir.^t, 5 I'.urr. 2^)70.) And not until I78f). in Tindal v. T'rown, 
I Term Rep. 1^7, was it finally determined that what is ro.i.son- 
a.ble notice to an indorser of non-i)ayment b\' the maker of a 
])romissory note, or acceptor of a bill of exchange, is a (piestion 
of law- and not of fact. Of course there was vo .\merican con- 
stitutional law when the school was I'ounded. 1 bough some of the 
states had alread\ adopted constitutions. The first book on cor- 
l>oration law was that of Kyd. ])ublisbed in London in 1793, but 
it was chiefly made up of authorities and precedents relatnig to 
munici])al corporations: and Willcock on Corporations, also an 
J-'.nglish treatise was still more limited in its i)lan. There was no 
American text-book on corporations until the first edition of .'\iigell 
and .\mes was ])ublished in i8_^i. .\t that time the need of such 
a book bad become \-er\- urL-cnt. but in the earl\ \ears of the Litch- 

ji'DCK jA^rKS c.ori.n 
From a Cravon now owned 1)\' \\'U^. A. T 


T.AW Sillool. 1R5 

licld Law SchiHil ilirrr imisl liavr liecn (.■xlrciufly few p!ivale 
business corporations in tins c-mnilry. Not nntil Louisville, etc., 
R Co. 7'. Letson. j Mow. (I'. S. ) 4^)/. dccide'l in 1X44, rlid cor- 
porations become competent to sue and l)e sued as "citizens" of a 
State, rejT^ardless of the citizenshij) of the corporators. A "fellow 
servant" was a total stran.L^cr in lethal nomenclature: Priestly v. 
Fowler, 3 M. \- W. 1, was decided in 1 S37 ; Murray v. Railroad 
Co., I McMull. ( S. Car.) 3S5, in i(S4i ; and b'arwell v. Railroad 
Co., 4 Met. (Mass.) 41;, in 1X42. The term "contributory neoli- 
^ence" had not been coined: I'.ntterfield z'. Forrester, Ti J{ast 60, 
was decided in 1809: I )avies r. Mann, 10 M . \- W. ^4(>. in 1842, 
and the phrase is not used in either case. Ci\il actions tor dam- 
ages for death by wroui^ful act were not maintainable, 'i'he law 
of insurance was virtually the creation of Lord Mansfield, but the 
volume of insurance law was comparatively insii^nificant for several 
decades. ()n the other hand, there \vas an abuiKUmce of real estate 
law and of law concerniu';' executors and administrators aufl trustees 
generally. In those days the executor dr son tort was more in 
evidence tlian at ]:)resent, although even now he has so much vitality 
in some jurisdictions that it would not be wise for the jiractioner 
to characterize him as Judge Lmnpkin did in Shotwell v. Rowell. 
30 (la. 55y. "dc son fiddlestick !" and cry, "Away with him !" The 
princii)les of equity jurisprudence had secured a firm footing, and 
at this day they are administered in the Federal courts as they 
were expoundecl in the High Court of Chancery in England when 
the Constitution was adopted in 1789. Judge Gould was a n^aster 
of the common-law s\-stem of pleading, which was extolled i;y some 
of its eulogists as the perfection of human reason. During the 
period of the Law School the noble science of pleading became 
burdened with so many refinements and fictions that it fell into 
disrepute : the celebrated Rules of Hilary Term were adopted in 
1834, and we have since 5ul)stituted very generally for the techni- 
calities of the common-law system what we term a plain and con- 
cise statement of causes of action and of defenses, administering 
law and equity in one suit, and sometimes peradventure ev(^lving 
a judg-ment as incongruous as the one examined in Bennett v. Ijut- 
terworth,, 11 How. (L^. S. ) 669, or exhibiting the chaos of plead- 
ings and proceedings tabulated by the reporter in Randon i'. Toby, 
IT How. ( L'. S. ) 493. Speaking of the reformed procedure, how 
many lawyers are aware that the chief merit of the Code system was 
recognized and recommended for adoption by the precep_tor of 
Judge Reeve, founder of the Litchfield Law School? Tlie first 
volume of Root's Connecticut Reports was published in 1798. The 
reporter was Jesse Root, afterward, as above stated, a judge of 
the Supreme Court, with whom 'i'apping Reeve had studied law 
in Hartford. \\'e will close with a ([notation from the introduction 
to that V(jlume : "Are not the courts of chancer\- in this State 

i86 i.nviiKiKi.n corxTv r.Kxcii and 

borrmvcHl from a forcis^n jurisdiclidii, which s^ix-w out of llu- i<;"no- 
rancc and barbarism of the law- indices at a certain period in that 
country from whence bc^rrowcd? And would it iiot be as safe for 
the ]>eople to invest the courts of law with the power of dccidini^ 
all (juestions and of g"iving' relief in all cases according- to the rules 
established in chancery, as it is to trust those same judges as chan- 
cellors to do it? Those rules might be considered as a part of 
the law. and the remedy be made nuich more concise and effectual. 
Further, would not this remedy great inconveniences and save much 
expense to suitors, who are fre(|uently turned round at law to seek 
a remedy in cliancer\-. and as nftcn turned nnind in chancery be- 
cause they ha\e ade(|uate renied\- at law? These arc serious 
evils and ought not to be permitted to exist in the jurisprudence of 
a country famed for liberty and justice, and which can be remedied 
only by the interposition of the legislature.' " 

rriK TjTiMiFiia.D faw sciioot. 

At the annual dinner of the Story Association, of Cambridge 
Law School (Mass.) in 1851, the following reference was made 
to the l^itchfield Faw School: 

judge Kent gave the sentiment: 

" The first-born of the law schools of this countr\- — the Litch- 
field Law School. The IJoston Bar exhibits its rich and rjpened 
fruits. Ry them we may judge of the tree and declare it g(X)tl." 

Hon. Charles (i. Loring. of the class of 1813, rejionded : 

" T do not remember." he said, " to have ever been more forcibly 
reminded of m\- younger days, than when looking around on mv 
young friends in the midst of whom I stand. It recalls the time 
when 1, too. was a student among numerous fellow students. It 
will, probably, be news to them and many others here, that tliirty- 
eight years ag'o, which to many here seems a remote antiquity, there 
existed an extensive law school in the State of Connecticut, at which 
more than sixty students from all parts of the country were as- 
sembled — every State then in tlie l-nion. bving there repre- 
sented, f joined it in 1S13. w lien it was at its vcnith. and the only 
prominent establishment of the kind in the land. 

"The recollection is as fresh as the e\ents of \esterday, of oiu' 
passing along the broad shaded streets of one of the most l>eauti- 
ful of the villages of \ew bjigland, with our inkstands in our 
liands. and our portfolios under otn- arms, to the lecture room of 
Judge Gould — the last of the Romans, of Common F^aw Lawyers; 
the impersonation of its spirit and genius. It indeed, in his 
eyes, the perfection of human reason, bv which he measured every 
1 rinciple and rule of action, and almost e\er\ sentiment. 

LAW Sc'IMKiI, 187 

" Wliv, sirs, liis liij^lK'sl Nisimis d puctry scviUfd lo lie in ihc 
rcfincnu'iit of special |)kailin^> : and t<> him a iioit sccjuitcr in \()^\c 
was ail offense (lfst'r\in^, at the least, line and ini])ris()nnient, anrl 
a re])etiti<»n of it, transportation for life. Me \\a^ an a<!miral)le 
J'^ni^lish scliolar : e\er\ word was i)ure h'n^lish, inideliled and every 
sentence fell from his lips ])ei-f(.'cll\ linisheil. a^ cU'ar, trans])arctit 
and perR'tratinf; as li.^ht, and ever\ rule and i)rinci])le iis exactly 
defined and limited as the ontline of a huihlinL; a.i^ainst the sky. 
I'roni liini we obtained clear, well-defined and accurate knowledf^c 
of the C'onimon Law. and learned that alle.^iance to it was the 
chief diitv of man. and tlie power of enforcing" it ni)on others, his 
lii^hest attainiiient. h rom his lecture room we i)assed to that of 
the \'eneral)le jud^e l\ee\e, shaded 1)\ an a.U'ed elm, fit cmbicm of 
iiini.self. lie was, indeed, a most venerable man, in character and 
a])pearance. his thick, ,L;ray hair parted and fallini^ in i)r<)fusion upon 
his shoidders, his \-oice onl\' a loud whisper, but distinctly lieard 
by his earnesth, attentive ])tii)ils. 

"lie, too, was full of le!j;al learniu!;-, Init inxested the law with 
all the j^enial enthusiasm and g-enerous feelings and noble sentiments 
oi a lariL^e heart at the at^e of eiii"hty, and descanted to lis with a 
glovvinjj;- el<i(|uence u])on the sacredness and majesty of the law. 
He was distint^nished, sirs, by that ai^preciation of the "^entk^r sex 
which never fails to mark the true man, and his teachini^s of the 
law in reference to their rit^hts and the domestic relations, had 
t'Teat influence in elevatiii,^' and refininy- the sentiments of the }()un,g- 
men who were ])rivile,ged to hear him. As illustrative of his feel- 
int^'s and manner upon this subject, allow me to g'ive a s])'^cimen. 
He was discussins,;- the legal relations of married women; he never 
called them, however, bv so inexpressible a name, but always spoke 
of them as 'the better half of mankind," or in some equally just 
manner. When he came to the axiom that 'a married woman 
has no will of her own,' tliis, he said was a maxim of great the- 
oretical im])ortance for the preservation of the sex, againsit the 
undue influence or coercion of the husband; but although it was 
an inflexible maxim, in theorv, experience taught us that practically 
it was found that the\- sometimes had wills of their own — )iiost 
Jiappily for iis. 

" We left his lecture room, sirs, the very knight errants i^i the 
law burning to be the defenders of the right and the .aven5jers of 
the wrong; and he is no true son of the Litchfield school \\-ho has 
ever forgotten tliat lesson. 

"1 ])ropose, sirs, the memories of Judg'e Reeve and Judg^e Gould 
■ — among the first, if not the first founders of a National Law 
School in the I'nited States — who have laid one of the corner stones 
in the foundation of true .American i)atriotism, lo\alt\' to the law." 

i88 i.nx'ii i"ii;i,n roixrv in-xrii wn 

Till': F()M.( )\\ix(; IS A r()l'^' oi- a sti'di'.xt's ij'/pter. 

Litolificld. ( )ct(.l)cr jStli, 1830. 
Dkar Fuii;\n: — 

Having' received your letter just as I was ou tlie wins;- for this 
place. I was unal)le to auswer it then : l)ut a\ai' myself of these 
first moments of calm after the hustle and confusion incidcii*" to the 
seltlinq- (Knvn into my nest, to turn my thout^'hts to that l)roo{l in 
which T found myself when ni}^ eyes were first opened to lc\^al //.i;/?/, 
and when I first inhaled the le^al atmosphere which from its misti- 
ness i^"ives to those who hreath it. (at least so T i>resume) the well 
known name of [^clly foi^s ( \'on \\ill perceive an analog'V ni the 
derivation of this word to that of Incus a non liu-ciido. or Pared a 
non parcendo) c^- from which like yourself I have ahscondcd, Ijeing 
now l)i^- enough to take care of myself. 

Really, \ed, since my arrival T have hcen as Inisy as a hen 
with one chick — I have heen ohlig'cd t<» furnish ni\- rooni, with 
whatever T need, from the bellows to the lam]) wick. We' are 
obliged to board hcrr, at one house and lodge at another. They 
give yon a room, with bed and bestead, et tout ca, at the rate of 
one dollar a week you furnish }our wood, your servant, car[)ct if 
}ou don't wish to go without, lamps, oil, &c., cvc. 

Y(^u see S: hear no more of the family than if }ou were the sole 
occui)ant of the premises. 

L'pon vour return from breakfast your room is swept, bed made, 
things set to rights, as if done by magic, you never see how. T 
have a fine room at Parson Jones', who is very obliging and would 
be more so if able, and I board at Mrs. Reeve's, a very agreeable, 
])leasant, old lady. We pay her, I believe two dollars and a h.alf a 
week. ( )m- board and lodging and contingencies will run us up to 
about five dollars a w^eek, which T think is ])rett\' well on t(^ the 
brogue for a coimtry town. And this is independent of the lectures, 
judge Gould is so much overcome with his late family bereave- 
ment that he is unable to lectiu'e himself. ilis son, ho\,ever, 
delivers them in his stead. As far as T can judge they will be very 
valuable, independent of their intrinsic merit : 1 will be obliged to 
write wyt at least three reams of fincl\' ruled fooleap. The lecture 
lasts for an hour and a cpiarter each da\ . examinations once a week. 
Litchfield appears to be a very ])retty jilace, and 1 think T sha'l like 
it well. 1 attended an evening or two ago an exhibition of the 
young ladies* seminary at this place of which you s])eak in your 
letter. There were several \er\ handsome and intei'esting young 
demoiselles. The court rooui in which ii was h'ld was excessively 
crowded and two or three fainted, one young lady upon receiving 
her ])remium. At one cud of the room men. bo\ s .and girfs were 
all ]iea])ed up together, and e\'er and anou, \ou would hear some 

LAW sciioor, i8ij 

stnr(I\' 1)11111 rc'souii'Iini;- a,L;aiii^t llu- IIihh-. its luckless owner liavini^ 
incaulii uisl\ ])us1k'(1 it nut hi'voiul tlir liiu' of c(|uilibriuiii. 

I uudcrstand Irom Mrs. I\ee\c that all the marria^ealjlc younj^ 
ladies lia\e been married off, and thai thert' is at present nothint^' 
])Ut yiiunt;- lr\ in town, eMiisri|uriilly that it w dl not be as j^ay as 
usual. Tlu' youu^- ladies, she ti'lls nu'. all marry law students, l)ut 
as it will take two or three \ears for the \cmn,q; crop to become 
fit tor []](_■ harxest, _\ ou nerd ap])rehend no daui^'er of m\' ihrowin.!^ 
u[) my haehel( irslii]). 

The road from 1 'ou,i;likef])sic' here is. I think', the most tedious 
T e\-er travelled, }ou see uothiui^- but rocks and stones. Consider- 
in^- the roug-hness of the country and the scarcity of laud 1 am not 
at all sm-priscd the \ankays depend for their livlihood upon their 
Zi'tfs. 1 wish I had it in my i)o\\er to exercise a watchful care over 
15. as you ha\e enjoined me. " .\h me! forsooth, he is a sorrv 
weij4"ht."" I lis ])a I suspect is afraid of some sliii^iilar iiiavcurvrc 
on his ])arl and dare not trust him from his ])aternal e\e. lie did 
not accom])an}' me, as in all ])robability you know, but [ do not yet 
despair of his comins^'. In such ex]>ectation T shall not write him, 
for I think it very ])ossible he ina\- arrive this e\-eninQ'. if so he 
shall write you a 1'. S. He and his father had not fully considered 
the subject when I left. 

It is i^rowinL;- dark and I must ccjuclude before tea (for T ex- 
pect this eveiiini;- to be x-er\ busy copying" notes) and this I cannot 
do, without assuring- }-ou that it will gi\-e me the g-reatest pleasure 
to see you here. I have a double bed. 1 will give you half, and 
as long- as Coont. is the land of cakes }ou will not starve. The 
excursion will, uf) doubt, be agreeable and ad\antag-eous to your 
liealth. \'ou can come by the way of Xew Haven f)r Poug-Jikecpsie. 
When you write to the ollice remember me to them and to all en([uir- 
inj^ friends. 

Direct. Litchheld, Count. 

The tollowing extracts from a letter written by Augustus Hand, 
while a student at the law school, will further illustrate the conduct 
of the institution : 

" Litchtield. Jan. ,^oth, 1829. 
'' '\\\ Div\R Fa'i'iii'.k: — 

'''' '''' '■■' Let me tell you how T s]XMid m\- time. I rise between 
7 and 8, make a tire and scrub for breakfast, from thence to lecture, 
where 1 remain until between 10 and 11. Thence to my rooni and 
copy lectures till 5 ]>. m. (Save dinner time at 1 ]). m. ) thence to 
O. S. Stwmour's ollice with whom 1 read law until half past 9 p. m., 
then again to my room, write till between u and i o'clock, then 
draw on my night-cap and tiu-n in." b'xceptioii — Monday we 
spend from (> to i; in the Law v^chool Del)ating- Societv, over "uhich 

190 i.ii\iii-ii;i.i) ^-■()^^T^■ I'.Kxcii and har 

] liavc the honor— 1 never l)ra!4"). hriday at 3 \k ni. attend an extra 
lecture on criminal law, and also liear an ari^nment in the " Moot 
Court " and decision hy the jud^e. ( hi v^aturday at 2 ]). ni. attend 
a severe three hours examination on the studies (d the week l)v 
Jabez W . I lunlin^ton, Ivs(|. Aside from these exceptions tlie first 
(lay is a correct s])ecimen. As to tlie lectures and their utility I 
will refer you to ilic ])reface of the cataloi^'ue mailed with tlvis. I 
can only say tliat their dailx' jM-ictical use to a lawyer can only lie 
appreciated h\ those who ha\e enjoxed them. Without any doubt, 
they .Liive the same talent — a ])owerful su])erior;ty. 'I'lu whole 
is com])rised in between 2500 and 3000 paj^es. ( )f these I have 
written about 1200 and 1300 and should 1 remain here till May 
and enjoy my ])resent excellent health there will be no dilboulty in 
copying- the whole, havinu' access to Seymour's volumes (for what 
I do not take in the ollice), who has attended two courses and has 
ihem com])lete. Tliis is, howe\er, business between ourselves for 
these lectures are seciu'ed to the juds^e. l)ein_!4' the labor of his life 
in the same manner as a i)atent ri^ht. So we talk less and write 
faster. This Seymour witli whom 1 study is the son of the sheriff 
of the county, ne])hew t)f our State Senator, a liraduate of Ynle, 
a bachelor of 20 or 27. of most sterling' mind and manners, w'.th a 
brain c<im])]etel\ identified with the study of the law in its most 
theoretical and scientific ])art. I'rom a natural weakness of the 
eyes he does not allow himself to study evenings and therefore 
invited me to read to him. This offer, knowing- his fame, &c.. T 
readilv acce])ted, his ollice being- next door but one t<J mine, and he 
being' altog^ether such a man as "studies learning- to use it." We 
lake u]) the title in a lecture and progress with it till it is finished, 
reading' (about) between ten and twenty pages an evening-, lie 
giving" me a thorough insight into it as we ])roceed — allowing nie 
without reserve, to tease him with as many (piestions as I please 
and now and then reading- a report of some cases adapted to the 
subject. Uefore the lesson he examines me in the i)rece(ling- lesson 
from memory. ''■' ■■'■ '■'■'- The law here is a study. There are one 
or two lawvfrs in the \icinity who make 4 or 5000 dollars a vear. 
1 pass every day b\ the door of one worth about $I5().(X-)0.00. alxiut 
one-half of which he made in law. This " J limtington " who ex- 
amines is a bachelor rather above forty who studies, thinks and talks 
law slee])ing and waking'. lie never " ])ettifog'g's," but ])lea(ls in 
the higher courts and writes oi)inions for other lawyers in every 
section of the countr\ . lie will sometimes become so animated in 
discussing- a (piestion which arises on the examination, that he c?.n 
hardly keep his seat. Friday, the 1 ith inst., it c:nne my turn for 
the second time to come on to the " Moot Court." A short time 
after my ;idmission my name came on o])pose(l to .Mr. I lalstcd, of 
X. J. (in alphabetical order}, who was an old student. 1 tried to 
cross the Rubicon but like a poor, stuck-in-the-mud 1 could not ford. 

T,\\\ sirif)()i, 191 

J-'riiL^liUiUfl diu 'il iii\ wit"-, mutc iuikKmI l)y :i litt-rary fo;^- in t'l;' 
iiiiclst <►(' ^\^\ " uniluwj;." I (|nott(l from an autiuir (Swift) wiM: 
whom tlir JiKl.m-' 'lail a pirsdiial (|uarrcl. this with l)ciii}^ <mi tliC 
wroiii,^ side of the <)uc'sli(in fireil mr. This time I rescjlved to re- 
tficve. A most intricate (|uestion on llie doctrine of relation and 
est()])iii'l was lianded M. I'.rown of X. J. ami myself hy S(j. San- 
ford of this i)lace. The next day we had a \ery learned decision 
liickiK in my lavor. '■' ''' * 

\nuv affeclionatt' son. 

AlClSTlS 11. \M) 


The pictuhe of the Reeves Law School hnildinj;- ajjpended here, 
shows it as now (1908) appears after the restoration as far as 
possi])le to its ori,<;inal condition. The Litchfield corres])on(k'nt of 
the IVaterburx .hiicricaii descrihes the situation as follows: 

Litchfield, Xov. 19 — Tapping- Reeve, the founder of the Litchfield 
Law Sch(X)l. famous as having heen the first law school in the 
United States, was the son of a Presbyterian minister and was born 
on the Sou-th side of Long- Island. He was educated at IVinceton, 
where he graduated in I7<^i3, at the age of 17 years. For seven 
vears he remained as a tutor at Princeton, then came to Connecticut 
and i)racticed law in tlie office of judge Root of Hartford and as 
soon as he was admitted to the bar he settled in Litchfield alx>ut 
1772. lie had i:)reviously married Sally Burr, daughter of Presi- 
dent I'.urr of Princeton College, and sister of Aaron Burr, who 
studied in the school, and who was a frecjuent visitor in his family. 

in ]/^2, the number of students who wished to study in Reeve's 
office had become so large, that he built the small house shown 
in the ])icture, in the corner of his yard, on South Street, the place 
now owned l)v Charles fl. Woodrutf of Xew ^'ork and Litchfield. 
To this sch(K)l came students from all parts of the country, many 
of the men who gained reno\\-n in the j^ractice of law and in other 
professions, being graduates of this school. 

Judge Reeve continued to use this building until his death, and 
in 1S46 the building was sold to Henry Ward, who purchased a lot 
of land on the brow of West Hill and placed the building there, 
fitting it ui> as a small house. In i886 the j^roperty was bought by 
Mrs. Mary C. Daniels and her son, I'rof. Charles F. Daniels of 
New York, who made it their summer home for many years. Prof. 
Daniels died a few^ years before his mother and u]>on Mrs. Daniel's 
death it became necessary to sell the ])roperty. 

D. C. Kilbourn began i)lanning to have the old building pre- 
served, and to that end a committee was apponted by the Litchfield 
County Har. with Mr. Killx)urn as chairman. He went IxTore the 
Legislatm-e at its session of K)07 with the })rop(^sition that the state 

jt)2 i.rmii'ii-i.D (."(icNTN' i;i:n(.ii and hai^ 

l)u\ it and keep ii as stale ])ro|)ert\. This proposal was, however, 
1 ejected. Tlu'ieupoii the executor was t)l)li.L;c(l to sell the ])lace at 
auction, am! Mr. i\ilh(iurn bous^ht it for about $2,700. He ini- 
niediatoly bcj^an restorini;- the old i)art and to do this he had the 
original law school buildins^- detached Irom tin," additions which had 
Iteen put on li\- Air. and .Mrs. Daniels. 

The btiildinj;- was niove'd to the extreme west end of the lot and 
has been restorecl Ixiili inside and out as far as possiijle to its 
(■ri,<.iinal appearance. At the time of the Ward jjurchasc of the 
house, it was lathed and plastered. This has been taken off, leaving 
the original wide pine boards with which it was ceiled, which still 
show^ inkstains, and in some ])laces ])enciled names. ( )ne of the 
original outside do.urs was found in a mulilateil condition, and this 
has been framed into the wall, and forms tlie frame of a large 
crayon portrait of judge Reeve. The old small-paned windows, 
which a|)pear in the picture are the same as of old. 

When taking off the plastering and lath, several old l)oards were 
found literally covered with names and inscriptions, done by jack- 
knife artists in those old school days, when human nature was much 
the same as now. Man\' of these names are to be found in the cata- 
logue of the school in Mr. Kilbotu'u's possession. Some of the 
names are W. T. Gould. 1818; X. lUllings, New London; Hoard- 
man. 1820; William Petit, ^Marietta. Ohio; 1810; J. V>. Skinner, A. 
i'.ates, Samuel W. Checver. F. I^. 1'.. R. ?klcE., E. 1*. S.. Jones, (in 
UK )n( )gram. ) 

An interesting question is how the building was heated, as no 
trace of a tireplace was found. Did they sit in the room with no hre, 
as the churches of those days were unheated. 

It is Mr. Kilbourn's present intention to make, if ])ossil)le, some 
arrangement b\- which the old building can be kept as an interesting 
relic, and the members of the Litchfield Comity liar arc g'etting 
much interested to ha\'e this done. 

Jt should be understood, in this connection, that the |)icture of 
what has l)een called "The b'irst Law School of .\merica" which 
has a])])eare<l from time to time in the state papers, is not a picture 
i>\ the first law school building, but of the second one, which was 
built b\- judge Could lati'r. lb- came to Litchtleld and was as- 
sociated with ludge l\ee\'e in his school, and alter judge Keeve's 
death he carried on the school, putting up the building sometimes 
called the first school in tbi' \ard of his j)ro])erly, now the liop])in 
house, on .\ortb street. The school was carried on in that building, 
to be sure, but it was not the lir:-t building. It has been standing 
about a nnle west of the \illage, and used as a negro tenement, 
but is fast falling to pieces. There is no doubt that the interest 
of Mr. Kilbourn in the real ""tirst law school building" has been 
tin- nu-ans of sa\ing this historic building, and preserving it for the 
benefit of future generations. 

I, AW sciroor, 193 

Till': MTC'lll'll'.IJ) LAW SCIK >< )1.. 

A catalog-uc of this scIkioI was published in iXjS of those attciid- 
ino- from i/*;!^. A sii])])](.i)KmU was added hriii^in;^ the names down 
to 18^1. In 1S4') it was i-ei)rinted ineludin^- the names to the close 
of the school in 1S3.V 

In fanuary, igoo. lion. (".eor,L;e Al. W'oodrulT ai^ain reurinted 
the cataloi^aie, addinL;- some ])ictures and matter relatini^' thereto. 

The various notices and i)refaces are herewith rei)rinted and 
full\' explain themselves. 

In the former cataloi^ues the names are arnnit^ed hy classes, 
in this they appear ali)heticall\-. 

It is believed that these names all appear upon the liar Records, 
it beint;- the rule that all students should be entered thereon. If])on 
our records there are a ,L;reat many names not appearins^: in this 
catalo.^ue, beiui;- students who were studyinj^- with other attorneys. 
That none of tiie law school students ])revious to 1798 appear here 
is ])robably from the fact that our bar records beq-in at that date. 

ADX'KRTISIvMl'.XT T* ) b'IRST F.DITloX 1828. 

The committee to whom has been referred the publication of 
this catalogue, deem it i)r(»per to ])refix a few observations in rela- 
tion to the institution, and the coiu-se of in.truction therein pre- 

The Law School was established in 1782 by the lion. Tapping 
Reeve, late Chief justice of this State, and continued under his 
sole direction until the year 1793. when the lion. J. Could was 
associated with him. These gentlemen continued their joint labors 
until 1820, since which i)eriod Judge Gould has lectured alone. 
From its commencement, it has enjoyed a ])atronage. which dis- 
tinguished talent, combined with legal attainment, justly merited. 
It has been composed of young men from every section oi the 
Union, many of whom have since been eminently conspictious, both 
as jm-ists and as statemen. And. indeed, even now. notwith.stand- 
ing the nuermous legal seminaries which have been established 
throughout our country, this school maintains its proud pre-emi- 
nence. This, it is believed, it to be attributed to the advantages, 
which the mode of instruction here prescribed, possess over the 
system usually adopted in similar institutions. 

According to the plan pursued by Judge Could, the law is 
divided into forty-eight titles, which embrace all its important 
branches, and of which he treats in systematic detail. These titles 
are the result of thirty years severe and close application. They 
comprehended the wdiolc of his legal reading during that ocriod, 
and continue moreover, to be enlarged and improved by modern 
adjudications. The lectm-es. which are delivered every day, and 

194 i.n\'ii iMi:i.i) C(>iN'r\' i;i-:\cii and 

which usually occupy an hour and a half, embrace cvcrv principle 
and rule falling- under the several divisions of the different titles, 
'i'hese ])rincii)les and rules are supported by numerous authorities, 
and generally accom])anied with familiar illustrations. Whenever 
the o])inions upon an\- i)oint arc contradictorw the authorities in 
support of cither doctrine arc cited, and the arguments, advanced 
by either side, are presented in a clear and concise manner, top^ether 
with the lectiu'er's own views of the (piestion. In fact, every ancient 
and modern o])inion. whether o\er-ruled. doubted, or in anv way 
<|ualified, is here systematically digested. These lectures, thus 
classified, are taken down in full by the students, and after being 
compared with each other, are .generally transcribed in a more neat 
and le.^ible hand. The remainfler of the day is occupied in examin- 
inj;- the authorities cited in suj^jiort of the several rules, and in read- 
int;- the most appro\ed authors upon those branches of the law, 
which are at the time the suljject of the lectures. These notes, 
thus written out, are, when complete, comprised in five larg^e vol- 
umes, which constitute books of reference, the i^reat advantai^'es 
of which nnist be apparent to every one of the slii^htest acquaint- 
ance with the coni]:»rehensive and abstruse science of the law. The 
examinations, which are held every Saturday, u))on the lectures of 
the i)recee(lin^- week, consist of a thorout^h investiiiation of the 
])rinciples of each rule, and not merely of such questions as can 
be answered from memory without any exercise of the iudi.';ment. 
These examinations are held by Jabez W. Huntington, Esq., a dis- 
tinguished gentleman of the bar. wdiose practice enables him to 
introduce frequent and familiar illustrations, which excite an interest, 
and serve to imjM'ess more strongly upcMi the mind the knowledg-e 
acquired during the week. 

There is also connected with the institution, a Moot Court for 
the argument of law (juestions, at which Judge Gould presides. 
The r|uestions that are discussed are prepared by him in the forms 
in which they generallv arise. These courts are held once (// least 
in each week, two students acting as counsellors one on each side. 
And the arguments that arc advanced, together with the oi)inion of 
the judge, are carefull\- recorded in a book kept for that purpose. 
For the ])rc])arati(jn of these (piestions. access ma\' at all times 
be had to an extensive library. licsides these courts, there are 
societies established for improvement in forensic exercises, which 
arc entirely under the control of the students.. 

The whole course is completed in foui'lecn months, including 
two vacations of two weeks each, one in the spring, the otiier in 
the autumn. Xo student can enter for a shorter i)eriod ihaii three 
months. The terms of instruction are $lOO for the first year, and 
^()0 ior the second, payable (jther in advance or at the L-ml of the 

]ri)c.i", c.oL-Li) s LAW sc'iiooi, r.rii.nixc. 

This building was built by James Gould as liis law office about 
1795. When he associated with Jud.i^e Reeve in law school he used 
his office for his lectures. It stood in his yard on the West_side of 
North street. It was abandoned at the close of the Law School 
about ^^^S' ^""^^ soon after the death of Judge Gould was sold and 
removed a inilc West of the village on the Hantam road and con- 
verted into a dwelling house. For many years it was occu|)ied by a 
colored familw and for five or six years has been unoccupied, ft 
is nc^w a ruin. 

The photo from which this picture was made was taken in 1898. 


Comi)ilcr of this Catalo.i^nie, 182^ 

I, AW sciioor, 195 

Tliis catalnM-iK- c'xU'iids mii1\ as tar l)ack a> \J<)X. Previous to 
that ])(.'ri<i(l. il is l)cli(.'\(.<l llial llir wlmK' iuiiii1)lt t'xcc'cdcd four 
liuiKhx'd ; III! ri'Cord. Imw rwr. lias lucn ] (reserved. 'i"lu- naines of 
the students are placed in the urdrr in which they entered, without 
any rej^ard tn the len.j^lh nf lime ihey conlinue<l as members of the 
institution, 'i'he committee have endeavored to notice those who 
liave distin.nuished themselves: but as this has l)ecn done n crely 
from recollection, lhe\ ha\e no ilnubl i)assed 1)\- many, wlm have 
conferred honor upon their country and their ])rofession. 

Litchfu'ld, Jan. 1. iS_'S. 


Abeel. George New York 1823 

Adams. Charles Alassachusetts 1812 

Adams. |oseph T Afassachusetts 1820 

Adams, John Massachusetts 1822 

Adams, John T Connecticut 1833 

Aiken, Charles \e\v Hampshire 1832 

Albro, John A Massachusetts 182 [ 

Alden, Cyrus Massachusetts 1808 

Alden, Hiram ( ) Xew Hampshire 1823 

Allen, Alexander M Georg-ia 1801 

Allen, Ziniri R \'erm/ont 181 i 

Allyn. J. T. Maryland 1821 

Alston. William W South Carolina 1818 

Alston, William J South Carolina 1824 

Ames. Samuel Rhode Island — Chief Jus. R. I . . 1824 

-Andrews, AA'illiam Alassachusetts 1812 

Andrews. William T. . , . . . .Massachusetts 1812 

Anderson. l-"ranklin ^Maryland 1813 

Anderson. John Maryland 1815 

Ashley, Chester New York — U. S. Senator 1814 

Aspinwall, Thomas L X'ew York 1810 

Atwater, Frederick New York 1814 

Atwater, Russell . Xew York 1815 

Austin, Charles AFassachusetts 1812 

Austin, Ralsamon ( onnecticut 1801 

Austin, Senaca X'ermont 1820 

Averill, Klisha Connecticut 1814 

Averill, William H .Connecticut 1817 

Aver, Zaccheus Georoia 1817 



liabbitt, Roswcll Now \'(irk 

l^acon, David L onnccticiit 

Bacon, William J Xcw \'<)rk 

Hakcr. Joshua Louisiana 

Baker, Walter Xew Hampshire 

Balcom, Everett Massachusetts 

r.alclwin, Birdsey C onnecticut 

r.aldwin, Charles Xew \ny\< 

Baldwin, Charles Connecticut 

Baldwin. l{henezer ConnecticiU 

Baldwin. Henry Conn. — jud.^e Sup. I'l. L'.S. M. C. 

I Baldwin, Koo-er S Conn. — Ciowrnor. I'. S. Senator. 

r.aldwin, Samuel S Connecticut 

r.anks. W illiam (." C.eorj.;ia 

Barclay, David. ]r \'iri;inia 

Barnes, h'.nos H Air^inia 

B)arnes, josej)!! Massachusetts — judi.;e I'enn. . . . 

Barnes. Lauren .Connecticut 

lUirnwell William South C'arolina 

l)artram. Daniel S Connecticut 

l>ates, Anson .Connecticut 

B)attle, Josiah I'. Connecticut 

Baxter, Eli H (iCor^ia — Jud,ye Circuit Court.. 

Ba.xter. Horace Massachusetts 

Beach, Erasmus 1) }*Iassachusetts 

B)eel>e, Levi S Xew York 

Beecher. Truman Connecticut 

Leers. David B Connecticut 

Beers, Frederick Connecticut 

Beers, Seth P Conn. — Com. of School I'und. . . 

Belden. Hezekiah Connecticut 

BelK 1 liarvey A'crnront 

liell, James X'ermont 

Bellamy. |ose])h J 1 Coiniecticut 

]'>ennett. .\Mlo L Conn.— L.L.D. Judj^e SupCL \'t. 

B)everly, Lames District Columbia 

Beverly. \\ illiam District Columbia 

Bi^elow, Lloratio Massachusetts 

Bij.;;elow, Silas .Massachusetts 

Billinf^s, .\oyes Connt'clicut- Lieut. -Cio\ernor . . 

iiinj^ham. L\ W .\ew A'ork 

Bissell, Ivlward Connecticut 

Bissell, John, Jr Connecticut 

Bishop, Jonathan L .Maryland 

Bi.xby. .\lfred New I lampsjiire 

i.wv sciioor, icjy 

Ulackvvcll. I ):i\i(l Kentuck\- 

I '.lake, l'*li W Coniiccticul 

iUake, Francis A iMassacliusctls 

I'.oivd. Natlianicl T Oeorjj^ia 

]?()n(l, William Maryland 

I'.onc'stall. \'ir^il 1 ) New York 

I'.onnc'l, Joseph I /'clawarc 

lioardnian. (leor^e S C imnecticiit 

I'.oardman, William W C'onnccliciit — Member Congress. 

Uolles, job S. 'V ( ieor^ia 

])0(>tli. James. Jr Delaware — Chief justice 

r.osson. diaries Massachusetts 

Llostwick, Charles Connecticut 

lUnle, James (. onnecticut 

I5racc, John I* Connecticut 

P)race. Thomas K C onnecticut 

llradlew l>enj. 11 Connecticut 

llradlev, l{dwin 11 Connecticut 

Brayton, C.eor^e A K'hode Island 

r>rcckcnri<l!^e. John Maryland 

P>rimsmade. Daniel li Connecticut 

I'ronson. hrederick Xew ^'ork 

Ih-oome, Jacob Delaware 

lirookes, Whitetield v^outh Carnlina 

I'rovvn, Charles R Connecticut 

I'.rown, 1-^ranklin Xew \'ork 

I '.rown, (^.eort^e .New York 

Urown, Nicholas. Jr I^Jhode Island 

Brnyn. Andrew D. W Xew York — Member Coni^ress. . 

r.uffet. William P Xew York .* 

lUichanan, William S I 'ennsylvania 

r)ulklcy. J(xse])h Cnnecticut 

lUillard, Ro\al ATassachusctts 

lUdl. Rpaphras W Connecticut 

lUniker. Charles r^lassachusetts 

r.unnoll. James F N^ew York 

I') W. Arnold Rhode Island 

lUitler, Chester 1' Pennsylvania — Mem. of Coni;-. . . 

P.ntlcr, David 1*. Xew Jerse\ 

r.m-rall. ^^'illiam 1' C<^nnecticut 

Calhoun. John C South Carolina — L. L. D., ^^ P. 

Mem. of Conii". ; Senator; Sec. 

of State and of War 1805 

Cam]). Ral])h C. Connecticut 1824 

198 i.ri\iii-ii:i.i) corxTN' i;i;\(.ii and i;.\r 

C'anilircUin^- v'^toiihcn \orlli (.'aroliiui 

L'amplK'll. I'dllin ^-'outli (.'ardlina 

L'aniphcll, ("iciir^c 1 Xcw \nvk 

C*am])l)cll, lolin South Carolina 

Cantclou. I'etor L (icor^ia 

Cantcloii. William I'. Georgia 

Canfield, l-'.zra Connecticut 

Canficld. 1 Icnry j Connecticut 

Card well. Jt)hn W South Carolina 

Carroll. Charles 11 Xew N'ork — Meniher (.'oui^ress. . 

Carroll. Willani , . .Indiana 

Castor. Dyer I'ennsylvania 

Catlin. Geori^-e Penn. — Indian ])orirait i>ainter. . 

Catlin. Georj^e S Conn. — Member of Congress. . . . 

Catlin. Grove Connecticut 

Chase. Harvey . Xew 1 lamjishire 

Chase. Moses Xew llhampshire 

Chase, Samuel Xew ^'ork 

Champion. K])a])hrodilus . . .Connecticut 

Cham])lin. Christopher Rhode Island 

Chambers. Joseph I'ennsxdvania 

Chaml)ers. I^enjamin L l\Iaryland 

Chamberlin. ^lellin 3ilaine 

Chandler. Anson G .iNlaine 

Chandler. John A Maine 

Chandler. Plannibal Virginia 

Channini;', Henrv W Connecticut 

Chapin, Moses .Mass. — Judi^e X. \'. Courts 

Chapman, Charles .Connecticut 

Chester. Henry New York 

Chester, Stephen ^1 Connecticut 

Cheever, Samuel Massachusetts 

Child. Abiel Connecticut 

Childs, Timothy, Jr Massachusetts — Mem. Cont^ress. 

Chittenden. iM-ederick Connecticut 

Church. Aaron Connecticut 

Church. Lcman Connecticut 

Church. Sanniel Connecticut — Chief Justice 

Clark. Archibald Georgia 

Clark. Gibson Georoia 

Clark, Henry L Xew "S'ork 

Clark, James . . (k'orgia 

Clark. Robert Georgia 

Clark. I V'ter Xew Jersey 

Clayton. John M .Delaware — L.l,.l), Chief Justice; 

I'. S. Senator: Sec. of SUitc. . 
Cleveland. Stephen Xew \'ork 

LAW Sr lliiiM. 199 

riifldii, William C ( k-nr^ia 

Clinton, (k-or^c W Xcw \')vk 

Cockhurn. William Xcw \nvk 

Co.usliall, Josiali 11 MassacIniscUs 

Coleman, jolm j \lal)aina 

Collier, |olin A Connecticut — M. C. Xcw York. . 

Collins, AuL^ustns Connecticut 

Collins, losiali, |r X'ortli Carolina 

Cook, James C Connecticnl 

Cook, Oliver 1 )., |r Connecticut 

Cooke, Ros'cr W Connecticut 

Cooley, James l\Jassachusetts 

Cole, John Xew \nvk 

Cooper, lienjamin 1' Xew \'ork 

Conklin^-, Thomas Maryland 

Coudit, Jacob A Xew Jersey 

Converse, Porter \ ermont 

Cowles, Sanuiel Connecticut 

Cowles, 1 lcnr\- 1') Xew \'ork 

Cowles, Sands C. C onnecticut 

Crawford, James X'ermjont 

Crawford, Joel Cieorgia — Member of Congress. . 

Crog-han, William Kentucky 

Crosby. Tlatt 11 Xew ^'ork 

Cruger, 11. .\.. Jr South L'arolina 

Cumming, Ivlward II Xew Jersey 

Cumming. William Georgia 

Cunningham. Robert South Carolina 

Cuthbert, John A (>eorgia — Member of Congress. . 

Cuthbert, Alfred Georgia — United States Senator. 

Cutler, - George Y Connecticut 

Cutting", 15rockholst Xew York 

Cushman, Charles C A ermont 

Cushman, John 1' Conn. — M. C. and ludge X. Y. . 









Dart, John S South Carolina 1821 

Davidge. Francis II Maryland 1815 

Davis, John X'irginia . 181 I 

Davis. lames Maryland 1816 

Di^vis. John 11 Delaware 1817 

Davies. Henry [Maryland 1809 

Davies. Israel W Massachusetts 181 1 

Davies. lohn l'> \'irginia 181 5 

200 i.i'i'c'ii i"ii:i.i) roiNTN' i;i:\rii \\i> i;\k> 

l)a\\son. Lawrence South C'arolina 

Dawson, William C . . . . .Cieorgia- — Ju(l<^e: l'. S. Svnator. . 

I )a\ . iMl.uai" r> Xew \'ori< 

1 )claniottt'r. Jacoh (icori^ia 

l)i'Mcnon. L'harlcs CMiari;v crAffairs of I'Vance. 1). C. 

Dcniin^, line] 11 Connecticut 

Denny. 'Phoinas Massachusetts 

Deveraux. (k'o. 1' Xortli Carolina 

Deveraux. Thomas North Carolina 

Deveraux. 'I'liomas T No. Carolina — I\e])iirler Su]). Ct. 

I )eas. 1 lenr\ South Carolina 

Dexter. Christoi)her C Rliode Island 

Doolittle. .\mi>s W Connecticut 

Doan. Ciu\ Connecticut 

Downes. .\])])leton Massachusetts 

Downman, John 15 Massachusetts 

Doyle. iM'aucis Ceorj^ia 

Duhois. Cornelius. |r New \"ork 

Dunhar. 1 )auiel Connecticut 

Dunhar. Miles C oiuiecticut 

])\\ij4ht. 1 lenr\ W I\Jassachusetts.Mem! er l'on<.iress . 

])\er. Thomas Connecticut 






Si 1 


]"*astman. .\. C, New \'ork 183,^ 

Edwards. 1 lenry 1' Conn. — judj^e Suj). Ct. N. \' . . . . 1828 

Edwards. 1 k'ury T New ^'ork 1830 

Edwards. 1 lenr\ W Lonn. — I'. S. vSen. : Ciow Conn.. 1798 

Ivl wards, |ohn S Connecticut 1798 

I'^dwards. ( )d,!Lien C onn. — judi^e Sup. Ct. N. \' . . . . 1801 

l'",ickell)er^^er. Louis Ivlarvland 1810 

I'.i.uin. 1 le/ekiah R Maryland 1815 

J\llis. C.rindall 1\ .New 1 Iaui])shire 18a; 

h*lls\\(»rth. 1 lenry 1 Connecticut 181 i 

h'llsworth. William W Conn. — Com. of I'atenls; M. C. ; 

(jovernor: jud^e Suj). Court.. 181 I 

i'.llmaker. Amos I'ennsylvania i8o() 

h'.llmeudorf. h",dmond I '> New York 1826 

h'nnis. William Rhode Island 1820 

h'.rwin. Isaac 11 Alahama 1828 

h'verest, Sherman ConnecticiU 1800 

"airle. I'Vvderick .New ^'ork 1818 

"elder, [ohn .M South Ca rolina — Mem. of Coni;'. r8o5 

"inc. John .New York 1813 

KepriiiU'd the Cataloi^uc. 1900 

],.\\\ Scllooi, 20I 

l''islnr, Isaac, jr Mar_\Ian(l iXii 

JmsIkt, v^aimicl Alassacliusi'lls iKio 

Fitch. John C'onnccticul i.So:^ 

Mcmin.L;-. Matthew South Caidliua 1.S15 

h'lo\(l, Joseph K .\Iar\hin<l iHi.S 

l-'olii-l, Timntliy Xcnr^niil 1X12 

Im)1soih, Joshua Xew 1 lam])shirc iHri 

Im)()1. h>hn A Connecticut 1X24 

lM)i)tnian. W'ilhaui Maryland 1X15 

i'ord, W ilham Jl South Can.hna 1X2^) 

Foster, Georg-e Massachusetts 1812 

Foster, James Massachusetts 1812 

Foster, Thomas V Massachusetts — ]M. C. Geo 1816 

Fowler, James Massachusetts 1808 

h'owler, John I ) Massachusetts iXr^ 

Francis, lohn 11 Rhode Island 1813 

Frank-lin," Waller S I'enn.— Lderk 11. K. I'. S 1818 

Frazier, .Vlexander G South Carolina 1810 

iM-ishie, Samuel Gonnecticut •8o(j 

Iniller, 1lenr\ II Alassachusetts 1812 

Indler, William W' Massachusetts 1814 

Fullerton, Alexander X \ermoii/t l8>2() 

Fullerton, Thomas S Wrmbnt 1822 


Gantt, Samuel South Carolina 1817 

Cranesvoort, Peter Xew \'ork 1810 

Gardner, Philip S Phode Island 1826 

Gibbs, David Massachusetts 1808 

Gihlis. 1 lenry W' Coimecticut t8o8 

Gibbs, William G Rhode Island — Governor 1810 

Gibson, William Geori^ia 1823 

Glover, Sanmel Xew ^'ork 1820 

Gold. Thomas A Massachusetts 1808 

(niodwin. Fdward Gonnecticut 1823 

Goodwin. Hiram Connecticut 1829 

Gould. Georg-e Conn. — Judge Su]). Court X. V. . 1827 

Gould James P Goiuiecticut 1824 

(iould. William T Conn. — Judg-e. (Voorgia 1818 

(jraham, John I Xew ^'ork 1814 

Grant, William South Carolina 1823 

Grant', William A (Georgia 1823 

Graves. Thomas G Kentucky 1808 

Gray, Thomas Connecticut 1817 

Green, Calel>, Jr Xew York 1830 

Greene. .Mbert G Rhode Island— I'. S. Senator. . . 1812 

202 i.i'ixii i'ii:i,i) ^()^•^••^^• I'.i'.xrii and 

(irci'iu'. Ilcnjamin 1) Massacliusctls 1813 

Crci'ii. 1 lonry W Rhode Island — juslicc Sup. Court 

and Cliancollor New |ci"sc\- . . . uSj^ 

(irccnc. kiohard W Kliodc Island 1812 

(irecne, William KMiodc Island 1817 

Grinin. Gcori^v Connecticut — Iv.L.I) 17(;8 

C.riswold, v^hubal Connecticut 1809 

Civoonu'. idlin C Maryland 1824 

(aistin. Alpheus Xorth Carolina 18(9 

Ciwatlnny. Isaac K Kentucky 1«^13 

Ciunn, Frederick Connecticut 1812 


ladnall, William T. Maryland 

dall. Ambrose Massachusetts 

I .all. C.ideon Conn. — jud^e Suj). Court 

lall, I lorace X'ermbnt 

lall. Willis .\'evv York — Attorne\ C.en. X. \' . 

Halsted. ( )li\er S Xew jersey — Chancellor .X. J. . . 

lalsted. Koliert W Xew |erse\' 

Halsted. \\ illiam. jr Xew jerse\- 

Ialse\ . I lopkins . . Ceorgia — Mem. of C'oui^ress . . . . 

land. .Aui^ustus C \ ermont — Juds^e Sup. Ct. X. V. 

lamilton. Thomas South Carolina 

Harrison. 'rii)ton V> .Virg"inia 

larvev, Lero\- Georg'ia 

lashr.'.ok. AIn-aham W New York— M. C. ; f..L.I). : Pres- 
ident Ruti^ers" Collci^e. X. j . . . 

lasselK l*>entley South Carolina 

^atch, Moses Connecticut 

lawkes. ]'"rancis L North C'arolina — Cder^xnian : au- 
thor X. \' '.' 

lawkes. I'.enjamin i> Xorth Carolina 

lawkins. Samuel .Xew A'ork 

lawdev, Charles Conn. — Lt.-Cov. C'onn 

ia\dtn. Moses Massachusetts 

lead. C.eoriie F, l\Tassachusetts 

Uphurn. Joseph 1 I ennsylvania 

liccox. Connecticut 

I ill. lose])!! A North Carolina 

I ill, William R South Carolina 

lillhouse, Augustus 1 Connecticut 

line. Ilonier Connecticut 

lines. Richard 

lininan. l\<i\al 1\ Conn. — v^ec. Slate: historian ... 

Iitchc()ek. Sanuul Alabama 



Si 2 
80 [ 





I, AW SCIIOOl, 203 

Holabird, William I'* C'luinccticiit — Lt. 'lov. Conn.... 

IIo(ij;-cs, William I"' C'omK'cticiil 

Ilolconil), Chaunccy 1' C'niin.ectinil 

lloUcy, J(jlin M., \v CN)nn. — Mem. nf Con*,''. X. Y. . . . 

[loll, (^icorj^o r> Conn. — Judt^'c in ( )lii() 

Molt, 'riiaddtnis (■ (ieorj^ia — jiul^i- v^u]). Court C.a . . 

Hooker, Janu'S Connecticut 

I lopkin.s, .Ahiatlier Xew 1 l;im])slure 

1 lolchki.s.s. Minor Connecticut 

I louston, Patrick (kor^ia 

lloui^-hton, Jo.'^iah Maine 

Howard, IJenjamiu Chas. . . .Mar\ian(l 

1 loward, John II (rcori^-ia 

1 lowe, Samuel Ma.ssachusetts — jndi^e 

lloyt. Menry vS New York 

I luhhard, I'Uijah Connecticut 

1 luhhard, l*',li/ur \'ermont 

1 luhlx'l, James \ ermont 

1 ludsou, lonatlian T Connecticut 

1 lull, I lezekiali \\ Connecticut 

Hunt, Hiram I' New York — Mem. of Congress. 

1 lunt. Jonathan Connecticut 

liunt, Ward \\ Xew \'ork — Chief justice of X. 

V. ;Jud_i^e U. S. Su]). Court. . . . 
Huntiut^ton, Jahez W Comi. — M. C. : V. S. S. ; Jud^v 

Supreme Court 

Humi)hrey, Josei)h Connecticut 

Hurlhut, William Connecticut 

HuHin.qton, William 1 "'elaware 

Hvde, John | (."onnecticut 













Tn,<;ersoll, Charles M Xew Hami)shire 1812 

Tnoham, .\lpheus ] enn.sylvania 1825 

Ives, Moses P, ' ivhode Island 1812 

Ives, I lenr\ C New York 1 83 1 


Jacobs. Cyrus Pennsylvania 1823 

Jacobs, C.eoroe W Peinisylvania 1819 

Jacobs, William C Penns\lvania 1820 

Jackson, Ebenezer, jr Cieorg"ia — Member of Congress. . 1814 

Jackson, John P New Jersey 1824 

Jackson, Josei)h Oeorg-ia 1817 

lackson, ( )livcr P Xew York 1823 

204 i.n'ciii"ii:i.n forx'rv i;i:n\'ii and i;.\r 

Jacksdn. Thomas Tv (jcori^ia 1823 

Janvier. Thomas. Jr I )cla\varc 1828 

James. I{(l\vard M New ^'ork 1805 

Jarvis. Russell Massachusetts 1813 

Jenkins. Charles M \ew York 1831 

Jessup. ]\licnezer Connecticut 1825 

Jewell. ]\zra C'omiecticut 1809 

Johns. Kensey. Jr 1 k'laware — M. C. : Chancellor. . . 1812 

Johnson. Charles F Connecticut 1824 

Johnson. Kdwards Connecticut 1826 

Johnson. James (rcori^ia 1816 

Johnsdu. William S C'onnecticut 1816 

Johnston. James T Ceort;"ia 1816 

Jones. 1 lenry Calcutta. East Indies 1810 

Jones. Joel Pemisylvania — L.L.I) 1819 

Jones, John O .\'ew \^)rk 18 17 

Jones, Rohert 1813 

Jones. Rice Louisiana 1807 

Judson, X'oah Massachusetts 1799 


Kaleb, A\"illiam M Maryland 

Kaleb, J. A. ^Ic Maryland 

Kellos^,^". Kdward Massachusetts 

Kelso, Charles W . . . Lennsylvania 

Kerr, Josc|)h C Xorth Carolina 

Key. Phillip Alaryland 

Kilbourn. Austin Connecticut 

l\in|L;, Ivlward New York 

I\ini4-, Cicori^e C. Rhode Island 

Kin^, James G .\e\v \'ork — Mem. of Con^^ress, 

Kingsbury, v^anford .\e\v Hampshire 

Kinnecutt, Thomas Massachusetts — Lieut-Crov. . . . 

Kirhy. Reynold M Connecticut , 

Kirkland. Chas. I * Xew York 

K'nijjht, h'rederick Massachusetts 



Lake, Joseph ( )hi() 1820 

Lamar. Lucius (j. C Ceori;ia — Jud^e v^up. Court 1817 

Lan<;(lon. Lenjamin l'" \'ermont 1821 

Lanj^sinp;-, I,evincss S .\e\v "S'ork 1830 

Lathro]). C\tus TT A.'assachusctts 1810 

Latham, .\llon .Massachusetts 1S14 

Lashell, johu I 'euns\ l\aui;i 1810 

I. AW StIIOOh 205 

Lawrence, Aiij^-nstus A Xcw ^'n^k 1X13 

Lawrence. I'liillip K Xew \i>yk 1S14 

Lawrence, William !'. Xew \nvk — CMiar^e d'arfjiires, 

i.ondiMi 1S19 

Leavenwnrtli, I'.lias W .Mass.— L.L.I). : .\I. C\ : Sec, of 

Stale X. \' 1X25 

l,ea\i'n\\Mrtli, .Xallian .Xew \nyk l<Xl3 

I.eavenwdrtli, William !"',.. .Connecticnt 1H22 

Lea\ilt, I lar\e\ !'* Xew Hampsliire 1S16 

Le(l_\ ard. 1 lenry Xew York 1830 

Leonard, (."(irnelins Xew York 1810 

Lewis, joiui L I.omsiana 1825 

Lewis, U(.l)ert II \ir,:^inia 182 1 

Lewis, William Lonisiana 1817 

Livini^ston. Carroll ."^iew \nyk 1827 

Livint^ston, Tk-nry W Xew \nvk 1820 

Livini^ston, James 1\ .Xew >'ork 1818 

Livingston, John R Xew >'ork 182^^ 

Livini^ston, Robert Xew N'ork i82() 

Livin.^ston, Walter Xew ^'ork 182(3 

Lloyd, Joseph R Xorth Carolina t8i8 

Lockwood, Ephraim Connecticut 1708 

Lorint;-, Charles G :\Iassachusetts 18 13 

Lorinj^- Edward G Massachusetts 1822 

Lord." Daniel. Jr New^ York— LX.D ...... 1814 

Loni.j:strcet. Augustus 15 Georgia — L.L.D. ; Judge Sup. Ct. : 

College President 181 3 

Lott. Adrain X'ew York 1831 

Low, Cornelius Xew York 181 2 

Lowndes. F.enjamin \'irginia 1825 

Ludlow. Alfred Xew XVn-k 1822 

Lund\ . Etheldred \irginia 1818 

Lyman, Darius Connecticut 181 1 

Lyman, Samuel F :\lassachusetts 1819 

Lyman, Theodore AJassachusetts 181 1 


Alarberry. John ^Maryland 1813 

j\Iack. EHsiia T\Iassachusetts 1805 

Magruder, F.noch Pennsylvania 1816 

Alackie, IV'ter New York 1813 

Mallory. Garrick Lenn.— L.L.D. ; Judge I'enn. . . . 1810 

]Mann, George Rhode Island 1826 

Alann. Horace Alass.— M. of C. : educator 1822 

Afansfiekl. Edward D New York ^^2^^ 

:\[arklev. I'.eni. A South Carolina 1806 


Marvin, Kbcnezcr Xcnnont 

Marsh. C'harlcs. |r \ crniunt 

Martin. Joseph h' Rhode Ishmd 

Martin, U'ilh'ani 1) South Carohna — M. C 

Mason, John ^' Xir^inia — M. C\ ; judmo ; Sec. of 

Xavy ; Mason and Shdcll affair. 

Mason, Wilhain J \ ir^inia 

Mayson, Charles C South Camhua 

Matlier, Xathaniel C'onneeticut 

Maxwell, Koliert Maryland 

Maxey. \ irj^il RIukIc Island — C'hi^'. d'affairs liel- 


Mayer, Abraham 1 'einis\ Ivania 

]\Iayer, John !'> l'enns\ Kania 

Mayo, llarnian !> New ^^lrk 

McCaw 1(,\ , Robert \'iri^inia 

McClean, James ("■ Mar\land 

McElhenny. James South Carolina 

McFarland, William i I \ iri^inia 

]\Ier\vin, Elijah l'> \ erniont 

Afetcalf, Theron IMassachusetts 

^liddleton, iienr\- A South Carolina 

Middletnn, llenr\ South Carolina 

Mills, Roger (. onneetieut 

Mills, Michael F Lonnectieul 

Millar, Uowyar A'irginia — i l'>o\er V. Miller?) . 

Miller, Charles Connecticut 

Miller, Joseph Connecticut 

Miller, Morris Geori^ia 

Miller, Kutger I'. X'ew ^'ork 

^[illcr, Solomon v^ X'termont 

Minturn, Thomas i\ Xew York 

Mitchell, Charles Connecticut 

Mitchell, llenry A Connecticut 

Mitchell, l/ouis C Connecticut 

Mitchell, Louis Connt'cticut 

Mitchell. Ste])hen M Conn<xticut 

MoHit, 'I'homas (^eort^'ia 

.\b)rris, Henr\ Xew "N'ork 

Moore, Rol)ert ( '.eori^ia 

Morrison. James Xew I lampshire 

Morse. Sidney ]\ Mass. — h^ounder .X. \'. ( )bservei 

Mor.son. .Arthur A X'lrginia 

^b.)seley, Charles Conneclicut 

.Mumford, William W .Xew N'ork 

Mnui-er, Warren Connecticut 

Purchased llie Judge Reeve Homestead 

i,AW sciKxir, 207 


Nash. Unison Massachusetts i^3 

Ncill. (".coro'c P I ennsylvania 1H20 

Ncsbit, Kn.q:enius A (k-or^ia— M. C. : jud-x- Sup. C"t. 1S23 

Nichols, T<)sc|)h 11 New York 1H27 

Nichol, hMward New York 1813 

Nicoll. |ohn C (kors^ia— Ju(l.i;-e ; T. S. District 

Ju(lj2:e 1814 

Nixon. J lenry G South Carolina 1820 

Nelson. Annstead Maryland 1814 

Newcoinb, Isaac ]\1 New York 1828 

Norton. Marcus Mass. — Judge ; Gov. Mass 1806 

Norton, James C New York 1819 

North. Theodore Connecticut 1808 

Nutall. William V> North Carolina 1823 


Oakley. Jesse New York 1814 

Ogxlen. Alatthias B New Jersey 1813 

Olcut, Thcophilus New IIami)shire 1801 

Oliver. Henry Maryland 1821 

Oliver. Samuel W Georgia 1820 

Olmstead, Charles C Connecticut 1810 

Ormsbee, Edgar S X'ermont 1824 

Orne, Henry Massachusetts 181 r 

Overton. Thomas l'> Pennsylvania 1813 

O'Hara, Arthur H North Carolina 1814 

Page, Benjaiuin Rhode Island 1805 

Page, Henry Rhode Island 1816 

Painter, Alexis Connecticut 1817 

Parkf^r, Amasa Connecticut '8ck) 

Parker, Aurelius D ]\lassachussetts 1826 

Parker, Charles T Massachusetts 1828 

Parker. William ^[ '«^^o 

Parrott. Abner 15 (Georgia 1821 

Parson, Anson \' Mass. — Judge Sup. Coiu't Penu. . 1825 

Pasteur, Edward G North Carolina 1823 

latterson, Chris. S Pennsylvania 182 1 

Patton. Robert 1814 

Payne, Elijah. Jr \'ermont 1815 

Peck. \Viriiam"\' Cennecticut — judge. ( )hio 1824 

Pell, Duncan C New York 1 826 

Pennev, Samuel New York 1828 

.20S I.n\lll'li:i.l) (OINTN' I'.l.MII AM) i:ar 

IV-rkins. Charles Connecticut 

Perkins. Thomas S L'onnecticut 

l*cttih;)ne. Sereno I onnecticut 

IVtet. |oel 'I' (.'onnecticut 

1 Vtet. \\'ilhani W Ohio 

I 'helps. Charles 1'. Xew 1 lani])shire 

J 'helps, ivhvard A Connecticut 

] 'helps. Elisha Coini. — Alcni. of Coni^rcss 

i -helps, Jedecliah Massachusetts 

I'heli)s. v'^anuiel v"^ Conn.— I'. S. v"^. ; judt^e S. C. \t. 

i'ickett. Keuhen North Carolina 

Pickett, William J) \orth Carolina — Ju(li;e Sup. Ct. 


Pierce. James Ct^nnecticut 

Pierce, Le\-i Aiarxland 

Pierce, \\'illiam L Oeori^ia 

Pierpont. John Connecticut — Rev. ; poet 

Pierpont. John Conn. — Chief Justice X'erniont. . 

Pierson, Geori^e New York 

Pillsbury. William Massachusetts 

I'itcher, John New York — Lieut. -Gov 

i'itchcr, Phillip New York 

I 'itt, John R Georgia 

IMayer, Thompson T South Carolina 

Poe. W^ashington Georg-ia — Member of CongTcss. . 

Polk, Thomas G North Carolina ^ 

Porter, Georg-e B Penn. — Gov. of ]\Iichigan 

Porter, Timothy H New PTampshire — ^l. Congress. . 

Portcus, Jolin South Carolina 

Post, Albert P 

Potter, Ansel Connecticut 

Potter, Asa Rhode Island 

Prentice, Plenry K 

Preston, Isaac T \'irginia — judge S. C. Pouisiana. 

Price, lienjamin Maryland 

I'umpclly. Georg^e j New "S'ork 

I'utnam, Austin New York 

Putnam. Charles Massachusetts 







Si 1 








Rankin, Robert G New ^'ork 1827 

Raymond, Daniel Connecticut 1810 

Raymond, David II C onnecticut 1810 

Raymond. James Connecticut 1820 

Raynor. P.enj. P ConnecticiU 1824 

Read, John, fr 1 )elaware 1824 

r.Aw sfnoor. 209 

I\i'a<l. joliii 1 ) Delaware 

ivcad, William T iJelawarc 

I\c'C(l, (uorm' Delaware 

\\vci\. jolni II South Carolina 

Kecve, Aaron I'. Connecticut 

Reynolds, Walter New \'ork 

Richards. Ceors^e ] [ C onnecticut 

Richards. 1 lenrv S New Vovk 

Richards, Rohert K New York 

Rideley. C.reensburij;- l\entucky 

Rid.i^ate. Uenjaniiu Maryland 

Ridout. Addison Maryland 

Rohhins, Samuel H Cx)nnecticut 

Robhins. Silas Conn. — Judi^e. Kentucky 

Rogers, Archibald G >n ew^ York 

Rog^ers, Artenias Connecticut 

Rogers, Charles W Georgia 

Rogers, Edward Delaware 

Rogers, Henry A Rhode Island 

Rogers, Henry J] Massachusetts 

Rogers, Henry \V Connecticut 

Rogers, Henry l^ennsylvania 

Rogers, John Delaware 

Rogers, Moulton C Delaware — Judge, Pennsylvania. 

Rogers, William M (Georgia 

Ross, Thomas Pennsylvania 

Ruggles, Heman Connecticut 

Ruggles, Henry J New York 

Rutledgc, Benj. H South Carolina 

Rutherford. John Georgia 

Rutherford, Robert Gieorgia 






Sanuiel, P)evcrly South Carolina 1819 

Saiuson, John P. C New York 1817 

Sankey, Joseph S Georgia 1826 

Sanford, Rollin Connecticut 1831 

Sargent. William F. W ^^lississippi 1817 

Saunders. Curtis H '1 cnnessee ^^33 

Schley. John T Maryland 1828 

Schell. Augustus New York 1831 

Schuyler. Robert New York 1818 

Scott. John Ray New York 1807 

Scott. Jessup W Connecticut 1822 

Scudder. Phillip J New Jersey 1813 

Sedgwick. Harrv Massachusetts 1807 

2IO I.lTCIIl-lKr.l) (.OINTV lU'XCIl AM) llAR 

Soclc;\vick. Philo C Connecticut 

Scldcn, I'lysses Connecticut 

Sewall, William If Alarvland 

Seymour. ] Jenry Conn. — M. of C. ; Gov. of Conn. . 

Seymour, iloratio Conn. — L.L.I); U. S. Senator \'t. 

Seymour. L^aac Ci deors^ia 

Seymour. C)rig-en S Conn. — M. of C. Judq-e and Chief 


Seymour. Osias \ ermont 

Shatter. Jose])h L Georgia 

Shaumburgii. Charles W . . .Louisiana 

Shaw. Henry Xew York — Mem. of Congres.s. . 

Sheldon, Daniel Connecticut 

Sheldcn. William Connecticut 

Sheldon. L'^aac Connecticut 

Shelton. Stephen Connecticut 

Shepard. Samuel 

Sherman. Elkanah C Xew York 

vShcrrell. Joseph ^lassachusctts 

Sill, Theodore Connecticut 

Simkins, Hldred South Carolina — M. C. ; Lt.-Ciov. 

S. C 

v^ims, John Pennsylvania 

Simons, ]\roses South Carolina 

Simmons, Edward P Scnith Carolina 

Skinner, John P) Connecticut 

Skinner, ( )liver Connecticut 

Skinner, Richard Conn. — Chief Jus. and Cov \'t.. . 

Skinner, Roger S C onnecticut 

Sloan, Douglass \\" Massachusetts 

v'^losson, r>arazilli Xew York 

vSmith. .Archibald Xew York 

v^mith. Charles Massachusetts 

vSmith. Henry 1! Massachusetts 

Smith James H Xorth (.'arolina 

Smith. Jose])h L Conn. — judge h'lorida : I'. S. . . . 

Smith. Junius Conn. — L.L.I): ist ocean steam- 
ship. Tea grower 

Smith. Ira Connecticut 

Smith, Lemuel Massachusetts 

vSmith, T^evi P. Pennsylvania 

Smith. .Xathaniel P. Connecticut 

Smith. I'erry Conn. — I'. S. Senator 

Smith. Truman Conn. — M. of C. ; I'. S. Senator. 

Smallwood. William .\ District Columbia 

vSpaulding. Richard P ( Georgia 

S])arks. William H C.eorgia 


LAW Sc'llnol, 21 I 

Si)ai.i;iil, Charles C Ccori^ia 

Si)ircs. r.racncv T North CaroHna 

Si)ra,<,nu'. I Vk- Massachusc-tts— I'. S. Seiiat.-r. . . 

SiK'cil KohiTt 11 \ ir-inia 

SponciT, AlcxandiT ( ) N *-'\v ^tirk 

Spencer, ( )livcM- M . . < ^lii'> 

Spooner. \\'i]liam Massachusetts 

Sta--,i;-. I 'eter New York 

Staiislnir\ . ('.. A N'<-'\v Vork 

Stanlev, I leiiry Xew ^'()rk 

Stark," Cald). jr \ criiK.iU 

Stark, Wyatl " South Carolina 

Starr, ICphraini, Jr Connecticut 

Starr, Henry Connecticut 

Steele, William F Alaryland 

Sterrett, John 1 ennsylvania 

Sterrett, William P (^eori^na 

Stewart. Charles S New ^'ork 

Stiles, Joseph C (k-orj^ia 

Stiles. Richard ( Veor-ia 

Stone, C.reiiory 1) Xew I lampshire 

Stoddart, John T Maryland 

Storrs. Juha Connecticut 

Stevens, Henry W Connecticut 

Stevens. John L Xew "S'ork 

Stevens. Thomas (k-ori^ia 

Strohel. Martin South Carolina 

Strong-, Elisha I> Conneticnt 

Stroni^-, Afartin Connecticut 

Stroui^, Moses M N'ennont 

Stron,!^^ Theron Connecticut 

Stuart. I'>ancis South Carolina 

Stuart. Josephus R Massachusetts 

Sullivan. James Massachusetts 

Sutherland, Josiah. Jr Xew York — M. C. : Jud.^e Sp.Ct 

Swcczy. Thomas Massachusetts 

Swift. ]'.eniamin X'ermont — I'. S. Senator 

Swift, William X'ermont 



Si I 



80 r 

Tabor, William T Connecticut 1813 

Tallifero. William F. .'. X'irginia 1813 

Tallmad5„a\ Frederick A Conn.— M. C. from X. Y 181 r 

Tatnall, Edward F ( .eor^jia — Member of Conj^ress. . 1810 

Tavlor, Edwin M Massachusetts 1832 

212 i.rmiKiKi.i) loiN'rv r.KM'ii .\m> har 

Tavlor, ] Iiil)l)ar(l Kentucky 1810 

Taylor. James S \'ir_:ninia 1818 

Taylor. John Ciilnian Massacliusctls 1^03 

Taylor. "Williani South Carolina 1828 

Teakle. James D IMaryland 1817 

Tell fair. Josiah Geori>-ia 1804 

Tell fair. Tiiomas Ceori^ia 1806 

Tennew William New 1 lampsliire — M . of C 1809 

Terry, Alfred Connecticui 182.^ 

Thayer. James Massachusetts 1815 

Thweat. I riali Geor^^ia 1802 

Thomas, Alexander Geori^ia 1810 

Thomas. Charles. Jr Delaware 1812 

Thompson, Henry IMassachusetts 1814 

Thorndike. Larkin ^Massachusetts 1809 

Todd. Charles Kentucky 1810 

Tolman. Thomas Kentucky i^f^ 

Torrey. Charles Txiassachusetts 1814 

Tracy, George H New York 1830 

Treat. Selah B Connecticut 1825 

Trescott, Henry South Carolina 1815 

Trotter. James G Kentucky 1809 

'I'rou]), Robert R Xew York 1809 

'I'ucker. George J 1824 

Tuthill. Cornelius Xew ^'ork 1815 

Twining". Thomas, Jr ^iassachusetts 1814 

Tyler, Xathan Connecticut 1825 


\'andusen, William Connecticut 1803 

\'anderheyden. Sanuiel Xew ^'ork 1820 

X'andyke, Kense\ J Xew Jersey 1818 

A'anmeter, John J A'irginia 1821 

\'an Wagener. ('.erritl (.. . . Xew \'ork 1823 

\er|)lank, James 1) Xew York 1827 


XN'ager, John ^'irginia 1823 

Wakeman. |onathan Connecticut 1807 

Waldo, William T*. Xew ^'ork 1828 

Walhurg, George M Georgia 1815 

Walker, Charles Mas.sachusetts 1822 

Walker, ( ".eorge J. S Georgia 1826 

Wallace, James W lennsylvania |82(; 

Waring. Xathanicl ]" Xew S'ork ; 1827 

I, AW Sl'IKXiL 2 1 Tf 

Ward. Isaac N<-'\v .Kisiy i-'^i.^ 

Ward. Kicliard R Xcw ^ork i«i7 

Ward, v^oloinon .Massachusetts iH(j2 

Warner, l{li Connccticm 1808 

\\'ariKr, 'I'lKuiias .\lassacliusctl> 1809 

Watcrhousc, .\n<lrc\v O .Massachusetts 181 i 

Watson, JMhn I'. Connecticut 1815 

Watson, Sanuiel Massachusetts 1826 

Watson. WilHani Comiecticut i8.y 

Wel)l)cr. Sumner A Massaclnisetts 1823 

Weeks. Alfred A New York 1823 

\\'ells, R:\\\)h Connecticut 1^12 

Welles. Thomas 1 New York 1823 

A\'eenis, James T District Columbia 1820 

Wetmore' William Connecticut i-^'.S 

Wheeler. Justice P Alassachusetts 1804 

White, loim I' Connecticut 1/99 

Wliitc, Thomas Georgia 1816 

White. William Xew Hampshire 1818 

Whitino-. John C ^lassachusetts 1823 

Whitman.' John 1'^°^ 

Whitman. Lemuel Connecticut— Mem. of Congress. 1805 

Whittlesey. Elisha 1) Connecticut— ]\rem. of Congress. 1813 

Whittlesev. Frederick Conn.— M. of Congress; Judge 

Sup. Court X. Y 1819 

Whittlesev, Thomas T Connecticut— Mem. of C'ongress. 1818 

Wight. John L Mrginia .- • ^''^24 

Williams. David Louisiana ''*^i^^ 

Williams. Henrv F Louisiana iJ^i^ 

Williams. Jared ' W i-'^^o 

Williams. Lemuel Massachusetts 1806 

Williams, Thomas S Connecticut 1797 

Williams. William G Massachusetts 1799 

Wilkins, Edmond Xorth Carolina 1817 

Wilkins. John L Xorth Carolina 1820 

W^ilson. Andrew P Pennsylvania 1825 

Winslow, Edward D Xorth Carolina • • 1831 

Winship. John C. ]\1 Massachusetts 1810 

Wittich. Lucius L Georgia 1824 

Wolcott. (Jliver S Connecticut 1818 

W'ood, James 1 79" 

Woodbridgc. William Ohio— U. S. Senator 1802 

Woodbury. Le\i New Hampshire — Gov. of X. H. ; 

Sec. of Navy and Trcas. : Judge 

of V. S. Sup. Court 1809 

Woolridge. Thomas South Carolina 181 5 


i.n\iii-ii:i.n coiN'rv nKxcii and 

Woodruff. George C Connecticut— Mem. of Congress. 1825 

Woodruff. Lewis P. Conn.— L-L.D. ; Judi^e Sup. Ct. 

Ct. of Appeal N. Y. and Judj;e 
of Circuit Ct. N. Y.. Conn, and 

Vermont 1H30 

WortliiuQ-ton. Perrv Maryland •i^.V 

Wri-iit. ".\us-ustus R Ceor.uia— Judge v^up. Court 1833 


Yates, Metcalf Xew York 1821 

Yates. William New Ybrk 1824 

Young, Charles C Xew York ^ 1827 

Youno-. Ebenezer Connecticut — Mem. of Congress. 1809 

Number on Catalogue . 805 

Students previous to 1798 210 

Whole number 1015 









In the followino- sketches tlie compiler has endeavored to give 
in most cases only a very hrief account of the lethal history of the 
person with no attempt at genealog-y, t)r comments upon the life 
or character. The information has been drawn from a ^reat variety 
of sources and is believed to be in the main correct. It is. however, 
merely an index of the names of those who have contributed their 
lives and energies to make our Mountain County deserve its high 
and noble record of the past and to incite our present and future 
attorneys to u])hold and maintain the lofty standard that their sires 
have be(|ueathed them. 

"Ojljc lines nf ijrcat men all rcmiu6 ua 
Uli^at uie can make mtr ltuc>< Bubltmc 

Au^ ^l^i"9 Uauc bcljiuh us 

3fiiotprints uu tlie sau^s nf time." 

lUoC.K Al'll IC \I, VOTKS 2 1 7 

l'',i.isiiA S. Ai'.i'.km; Tin . was a son of (iciR-ral Russell Ahcr- 
netliy, of Torrinj^ton. horn OctolK-r 24, 1805. He entered Yale 
C'ollcj^e when sixteen years old and lo^raduatcd in 1825. Admitted 
to the har and i)ractice(l in Waterhury, removed to Torrin^lon and 
afterwards to l'>rid,nei)ort, where he was the Clerk of the Superior 
Court of I'airticld Counl\ from \^^^} to the liiiu- of liis (Uath iu iX^kj. 

Andkkw Adams, LL.D., was l)orn in Stratford in lyj^G and 
graduated at Yale Collet^e in 1760, settled in Litehfield. He 
rose to the rank of Colonel in the Revolutionary War, was a 
memher of the Council of Safety two years, of the State Council 
for nine years, a memher of the Continental Congress three years 
and Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1779 and 1780. 
He was an associate Judge of the Sujierior Court for four years 
and the Chief Justice from 1793 to the time of his decease, 
Novemher 27, 1797. 

The Litchfield Monitor mentions it as a sad and singular coin- 
cidence that Governor Wolcott and Chief Justice Adams (the two 
highest official dignitaries of the State), hoth residing in the same 
village and on the same street should he lying apparently at the 
point of death at the same time. Governor Wolcott survived his 
distinguished neighhor only three days. 

Upon a rapidly crumhling marhlc slah in the West hurying 
ground in Litchfield, is the following epitaph of this eminent man : 

" In memory of the Hon. Andrew Adams, Esq., Chief Judge of 
the Superior Court, who died November 27, 1797, in the 63d year 
of his age. Having filled many distinguished offices with great 
abihty and dignity, he was promoted to the highest judicial office 
in the State, which he held for several years, in which his eminent 
talents shone with uncommon lustre, and were exerted to the great 
advantage of the public and the honor of the High Court in which 
he presided. He made an early profession of religion, and 
zealously sought to promote its true Interests. He lived a Life and 
died the Death of a Christian. His filial Piety and paternal tender- 
ness are held in sweet Remembrance." 

Elijah Adams, was a son of Chief Justice Adams. He studied 
law with Judge Reeve and was admitted to this bar in 1795. 
practiced his profession a few^ years in Litchfield and then moved 
to Geneva, New York. 

SamuKl Ada:ms. was a native of ^^ilford. Conn., but in early 
life went to Stratford, where he married Mary Fairchild. He 
became a prominent lawyer and a Judge of the Fairfield County 
Court. A few years before his death, which occurred November 
12, 1788, in his 85th year, he removed to Litchfield and assisted 
his son, the Hon. Andrew Adams, in his extensive practice. His 

2l8 1.11\ Ill-lKl.l) COINTV 1.!I;N(.11 AM) I'.AK 

widow (lied AuK^ust 29. 1S03. in the lo^Uh year of her ai;e, having 
lived in three eentnries. 

ToiiK Q. Adams, born in Cornwall. November 2. 1S37. Was 
admitted to this bar in 1864. and located at West Cornwall, where 
he i)racticed nntil April, 1S72. wlien he removed to Ne.^aunee. 
iMichiiian. where he made a fortune by his practice and successful 
r.iinino- investments. He has held many and important political and 
executive positions and is widely known. 

Toiix Adams, was born in Canaan June 22. i/'^S- ^ fc wa.> 
adniittcd to this bar in 1825. lie carried on a very lar^e business 
in the iron industry at Woodville. in the town of Washington, 
and was interested in other iron works. It does not appear that 
he ever practiced law. He removed to T.itchfield and from thence 
to Falls \'illage in the town of Canaan, where he died about 1871. 

T. Hkxkv Ai)A:\r. onlv son of John Adams, was l)orn at Wood- 
ville, town of Washington, December 29, 1822. graduated at Yale 
College 1842. and was achnitted to this bar in 1844. Soon after he 
removed \o New York City and began the practice of hi< profes- 
sion, which he relinquished and became interested in the lighting 
of the citv; was president of the gas company and accpiired much 

Joirx F. Addis, is a native of New ?^lilt\)r(l. Connecticut. 
Studied law with his uncle John S. Turrill, Esq., and was admitted 
to this bar in 1882. Resides and practices in his native town, and 
is Judge of Probate for the district of New IMilford. 

Ed:*[oxd Aiken, was admitted to this bar in 1790 from Nor- 
tolk, Connecticut. He practiced in that town and was also engaged 
in keeping a coimtry store. Pie died in 1807. 

Joiix AiKKN was admitted to the bar in 1800 from Sharon. 
JoiiN A. Ali!RO was admitted to this bar in 1821. He abandoned 
this profession and became a clergyman. 

JoTLN Au.KX. — A long biography of this eminent attorney will 
be found in Boardman's sketches, i)age 45 of this book. 

On a simple headstone in the Ivast Cemetery in Litchfield ap- 
pears the following epitaph : 

To the memory of John .Vi.i.I'X, 1\Sij. 

Manv vears during a life of eminent usefidness. highly 

distinguished for his integrity and patriotism as a 

member of the Council and Supreme Court of Errors 

of Connecticut, and no less distinguished during a 

period interesting and critical to liis country as a mem- 

l)er of the Congress of the L'nited States. 

Horn June 12, I7<^\^. 

Died July 31, 1812. 

Aged, 4(; years. 

I'.KiC.U \l'll K'AI, XOTlCS 219 

Ili'.XKN' j. .\i,i,i;\. SIuTilT 1SS4 iX()5. Ik- w.'is Ixini in .M;in- 
chcsU-r, C'diiiKfticut. .\la\ J(>. 1 X :; 1 . lie caiiK' to I jtc-lil'ield C''tiintv 
in 1859, and rn^a^rd in llu- linU'l hn.sint'ss in tlir tlu'n villa!L;x' <^f 
Wdlcdit \ilK' "" as the ijroprielor of llic well known " Allen I louse," 
\\ln\li he ke])t nntil iKSo. I)urin^' much of this time lie was eni- 
I'loyed as an ai^ent oi" IrusU'e in the mana^enn-nl and settlement 
ol lari^f estates, and was \'er\ suceesslul therein. Me was also 
a constahle and especially noted from his skill in eollecting" doubt- 
lill cdaims. \\v enjoyed political life and was a shrewd worker. 
In l<S84 his part\- elected him Sheriff, which ollice he held until 
lSi;5, wln'ii he was (kd'eatcd. 

lie had tln' un])leasanl dnt\' of carr\in,q' into cFft'Ct the first and 
only rxi'cution of the death ])enall\ of the century. Ilis L^reat 
executive ability was full\- felt throus^hout the County. After his 
retirement he was active in the interests of the Xew York Mutual 
I ife Insurance Company, of which he had been an a^ent for many 
}ears, and also in the manai;"ement of \'arious trust estates, lie 
died ( )ctober 9. l8(j(), and his funeral at Torriui^ton on October 1 1 remarkable for the attendance' of nian\' jirominent citizens rif 
the State. See ])ictnre, ])a,L;e l'^»4. 

C'iiAKi.i:s 11. Am)Ki;ws. LL.I)., was born in Sunderland. Massa- 
chusetts, in 1834. (jraduated at Amherst Colleg'c in 1858. Ad- 
mitted to the bar of l^'airfield Comity in 186 1, and be^an his 
Iiractice in the town of Kent. 

In 1893 he removed to Litchfield and formed a ])artnershii) with 
Hon. John bl. Hubbard, then a member of Conj^ress. He was 
elected Senator from the Fifteenth District in i868 and uSrxj, and 
was chairman of the Judiciary committee in 1869. a member of 
the House of Representatives in 1878. and a^^ain chairman of the 
Judiciary Committee. Was elected Governor of the State of Con- 
necticut in 1879, which office he held two years. I'.ecame a Judge 
of the Superior Court in 1882 and Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court in 1889, which office he resioned October i. 1901. He was 
unanimously elected b\' the electors of Litchfield member of the 
Constitutional Convention of 1902, of which body he was the presid- 
ing;- officer. 

He died suddenly at Litchfield September 12. 1902. His lei^'al 
obituary is in the seventv-fifth volume of Connecticut Reports, from 
which we (|uo'te the trilmte jKiid to him by his successor. Chief 
Justice Torrance: 

" This (.'oiu-t is full\- sensible of the distinj4"uished services 
rendered to this State by Chief Justice .Andrews, and expresses its 
obligation to the Attorney C.eneral for the appropriate manner in 
which he has called the atteiuion <d" the bench and bar to them on 
this occasion. 


I.lTCHl-lKl.l) col: N TV UKNCIL AND 15AR 


'' The Practice Act was enacted with the warm approval of 
Governor Andrews in 1879. Three years later, it became his duty, 
as a judg'e of the Superior Court, to aid in its administration, — a 
work which he continued on the l)ench of that and of this court 
for nearly twenty years. lUit the regulation of lei^al practice, 
however important, is but a small part of judicial labor. Chief 
Justice Andrews was an earnest student of law as a science, — of 
its fundamental principles, and i)hilosophical (levelo])ment. Only 
such an one could have written such an opinion, for instance, as 
that from his pen, in the case of Wildman I's. Wildman. 70 Conn., 
700. in which he analyzes with so nuich clearness and jirecision the 
nature of a cause of action. 

" He was the seventeenth in the line of Chief Justices who 
presided in tiiis court durinji; the first lumdred and seventeen years 
of its history, and of this number, oidy Judi^es Hosmer. Williams 
and Park held the ollice for as long- a i)eriod. 

" In a review of a history <A tlie courts of Connecticut, on a 
public occasion, he once said this. ' In every government of laws, 
the courts hold the most important place. The legislature may 
he nominally higher than the judiciary, but in the actual experience 

IJIOCKAl'll U' \L NO'I'KS 221 

of life, tlic courts IducIi the citizen ini»rc fre(|iieiitly and njorc 
nearly than the lawniakini;- i)()\ver.' 

"Acting" under his convictinn. he was deeply ini])ressed by tlie 
responsibility which attaches to a judicial station. It was his 
anil)ition to discharge it with tidelitw and none of his associates 
on the bench failed tn remark the earnestness <>\ his convictifMis 
and the fnrcc and perspicuil\ with which he was able to set them 
torth. ( )n the pa,s:es of onr rejuiris they have become interwoven 
v/ith the jurisprudence of the State and of all the States." 

Cii.vui.KS \\ . AxDui'.ws. only son and child nf ju<li.;e C'harles P>. 
Andrews, was liorn in Litchtield Xoveni1)er _m , 1S74. Was ad- 
mitted to tile bar in 1902. Me located in Hartford. 

bj)WAi-:n \\.\i-:ki;\ Am)Ki;\vs. born at Windham, Connecticut, 
1ul\-, 1811. a son of l\e\-. William Andrews. W'as at I'nion College 
but did not graduate, studied law and was admitted to this bar 
in 1834. lie was for a time partner of the lion. Truman Smith 
at Liicbtield. He gave up the practice of law, studied theology 
and was settled in 1837 over the Congregational Chruch at West 
Hartford. About 1841 he went to Xew York to l)e pastor of the 
Broadway Tabernacle Church. After some years he went to Troy 
as the pastor of a IVesbyterian church. He ga\e u]) ])reaching and 
established a school at Cornwall, Connecticut, lie was sent to the 
Legislature in 1851. He then gave up teaching and resmned the 
l)ractice of law in Xew York City. In the war of 1861 he was 
a captain and was made assistant adjutant general under General 
■\Iorris at Fort ^NIcHenry, Baltimore. After the war itc jjracticed 
law for a short time in West Mrginia. He then returned to New 
^'ork but soon left his profession. He died Se])tembcr, 1895, at 
Chicago, niinciis. 

S.\:Mri:i. JA.MKS AxDKKws. son of Rev. William Andrews, born 
at Danbury. Connecticut, Jul\. 18 17. Graduated at Williams 
College in 1839. Studied law in Hartford and B>oston and was 
admitted to this bar in 1842, was also admitted in Xew York City 
and removed to Ohio and was re-admitted there. In 1844 he left 
the law and studied theology, and was settled as pastor of the Con- 
gregational Church at East Windsor, Connecticut, 1848. Dismissed 
1855. He became an author aufl student for some years, and in 
1868 took charge of the " Catholic Apostolic " congregation in 
Hartford. He died in Hartford October, 1906. James P. Andrews 
the present reporter of the Supreme Court of Errors, is one of his 

CuRTiss B. Atwooi) was born in Bethlehem in 1845. ^Vas 
educated at Stamford Academy, New York, and at Brandon Sem- 
inary, Vermont. Studied law with Webster and O'Xeil in Water- 

222 i.rrciii-u-i.n c■^^^•■l■^• i;i;\(. ii and i;ak 

biirv, aii.l was adiiiiiud I., llir bar at \cw Haven in 18/';. Now 
resides ai \\aierl«i\\ n Inii is n«il in aeiive practice. Represented liis 
town in llie 1 .e.i^islalnre of i<)()5. 

l\\i.s\M<iN C. ArsTiN, was a S(ui d" llie Hon. Aaron Anstin. 
born in New llarllord. t^radnaled from N'ale CoUe.^e in iSoi. and 
was admitted to this l)ar in iSoS. Me i)raclieed a short time at 
Litchtield and then located in reekskill. New \nvk. lie died at 
AX'ashinoton. D. C\, Se])teml)er H). 1840. 

Koci-K A\i:rii.i,. horn at Sahsl)nr\-. Ani;nst 4. iSoi). ('.raihiate(l 
at Union CoUci^e. k8^2. Admitted to this l)ar in 1S34 and practiced 
at Salisl)nrv nntil 1849, when lie removed to Danhnry. where he 
had a snccessfnl practice and held nian\ imi)ortant offices and was 
Lientenant Governor of the v^tate dnrin^ the fonr years of the Civil 
v/ar. He was one of the organizers of the American Asso- 
ciation. He died in Danhnry. December 9, 1883. ( ( )hitnary in 
50th Conn. Rep(M-t. ) See Warner's Reminiscences. 

Rissi:i.i. W. AvKi:s, of W'aterbnry. admitted 1869. He .u'radn- 
ated at "S'ale. 1868, and afterwards at Harvard Law^ School. He 
was the fonnder of the shore resort at Woodmont, Connecticut. He 

(lied 1 )eeeml)er 14, 1873. 

As.\ ]')ACox, a native of Canterbury, Connecticut. l)orn February 
8, 1771, t^radnated at Yale Colleoc in 1703. and was adnntted to 
this bar in i7<;5. After practicini^' in various ])laces he removed 
to Litchfield in 1806. where for many years he held a leadin,^- position 
at the bar. He died in New Haven in 1857. ( See r)Oar(lman and 
Sedo;wick"s sketches.) His i)ietnre apjiears in the I'acon .^rou]), 
page 62. 

]^i'Ai'iiK(»ni lis CiiA.Mi'iox r.ACox, a son of .Asa I'.acon. born in 

Lichfield in 1810. C.radnated at Yale College in 1833. and was 

admitted to this bar in 1840. He died at Seville in Spain. January 
11. 1845. I'ictnre on |)aj4e ()2. 

Cii;n"1".k.\i, 1''k.\X(IS IJ.xoox was another son of Asa R>acon. born 
in Litchfield January (). 1811). and .graduated at \-d\c Co!let;e in 
1838. Was admitted to this bar in 1840: he was a xdun-;- man' of 
ji'reat promise, holding- a hij;h rank- as a law\er. and took ^reat 
interest in niilitar\- affairs, rising' to the rank of .Major ('.eneral 
of the State militia. Mis death occurred Seplemher 10, 184'-). 
Picture on ])ame 62. 

W'li.i.xKi) r.AKi'.K was admitted to this bar in 1881. 1 L' located 
and resides in Sharon. 1 \c has a lari^e ollice practice and real estate 

^)lKl)Sl•:^■ I'l.M.DW I X. born in C.o.shen. lu'brnary 3, 178(1. Studied 
law at Litchfield Law School and was ailmittiMl id i)ractice in 1811. 

i:i()('.u.\ni h' \i, \()Ti:s 


lie li\r(l :iii(I prarlicc'd in his ii;ili\c \i>\\\\ unlil 1S41. when Ik- rc- 
i.iowd til W'rsi C'nniwall, wln-ii.' lie (HcmI Api-il 27, iS5<S. J lis pic- 
ture is I ir. jia^c I I 5. 

( Hlf »K(,i'; liM.iiwiN. a iiati\T nf Wasliiii^^ii m. d nincctirnl, was ad- 
niilk'd 1(1 die l)ar in iS^o. lie i-elin(|uislied ilie law fur oilier pnr- 

( ii:(ii<(',i-; II. ll.M.DW IN, Sheriff 
iS('>(j-i,S7<S. lie (lied in Litch- 
field Deeemher 2, iXjc;. The 
lOllnwinn- ()l)ituar\- <il" him a])- 
|)t'ared in llu' I.iU'iilield Jiii- 
(jiiircr : 

'■( )ur readers will nutice, 
with dee]) rej^Tet, the deatli nf 
ex-Shcri ff C.eor-e II. Bald- 
win, wliieli oeenrred at his 
residence in this \'illai.;'e on 
Tuesdax" nil iniin^'. .Mr. Bald- 
win was hnrn mi the joth of 
Sc])temher, \H2y. and had en- 
tered itpon his 53d }ear. I lis 
father, Captain Daniel llald- 
win. was a man (d" :L.;'reat ener- 
i;\\ and the smi was of a simi- 
lar nature, .\lter a i^ood edu- 
calion in mir villag'e schools, 
he serxed an ai)])rcnticeshi]) in 
the I'jiqnirer dllice. J le snh- 

CI'.OKC.I'; 11. KAi.liWlN 

se(|ncntly jmhlished, for a slmrt time, the Litchheld I'iei)nblican, 
:: democratic i)a]ier. and was the first inihlisher of the Sentinel. 
He was ])ostmaster here for eight years, judge of I'robate for one 
\car, and SheriiTi' of the county for nine years. He represented 
llie town in tlie General .\sseml)l\- in 1861. held the office of town 
clerk for five years, from 1858 to 1863, and was first selectman for 
several \ ears succeeding". His friends were warmly attached to 
him, and he was noted for his generositv and neighhorly kindness. 
In his famih, he was a devoted hushand and I'allier, and his excellent 
widow and children have the heartfelt sympath}' of tlie entire cnm- 

ls.\.\c U.M.DW I \, was horn in Milford. ComiectictU. l'\'hruary 22, 
T715-16. His father removed tn Durham and snl)se(|uentl\- to 

He graduated at ^'ale College in 1735. and studied tiieology 
and was licensed to i)reach in 1737. lie was never settled in this 
])rofessii)n, hut occasioiialK jjreached in neighboring churches. 

224 l.lTc II lli;i.l) C'dlN'lA' r.l'NCI! AM) IIAR 

lie marricil a dan^-htcr of I'arson <.'ollins, tlic (.■ccciUric minister 
of LitchheUl. bou^hl a farm and went to farming-. His services 
were soon demanded in public ali'airs and for man\- years he was 
a ])rominent man in town and comit\ matters, lie represented his 
town in the C'lcneral Assembly ten sessions, and was town clerk for 
thirty-one \ears ( 1742-1773.) 

He was clerk of the IVobate Court for the district of Litchfield 
for twenty-nine years, and was the first clerk of the County Court, 
which otiice he heM for forty-two years (1751-1793-) He 'Ii<-'<1 in 
1 itchfield January 15. 1805. 

Isaac Uai.dwix. )\<.. born at IJtchfield November 12. 1753. 
Graduated at Yale in 1774. .Xdmitted to the bar and practiced at 
Litchfield until 1812. wlien he removed to Pompey, New York, 
where he died in 1830.' 

Koc.Ek Siii-:k-Max Baldwin, born in New Haven. Connecticut 
in 1793. Was a member of the Litchfield Law School, and admitted 
to the bar of this county in 1813. He located in his native city. 
v/here he died February 19, 1863. 

Probably no lawyer ever attained in Connecticut a higher rank 
at the bar than that which was j^enerally conceded to Covernor 
Baldwin by his professional l)rethren. and few men have filled more 
])ublic oilices than he. (For a more extended sketch of him see 
obituary in 30th Conn. Report.) 

Saml'KL S. ]')A1,1)Wix was born in Litchfield, and i^raduated at 
\'ale College in 1801. Was admitted to this l)ar in 1803 as of 
Litchfield. He died in 1854. 

Wii.i.i AM Hai.dwin, lawyer at Salisbury 1842. (Conn. Regis- 
ter. ) 

Li'Tiii:k T. liAi.i, was born in Salisbury, studied law with Judge 
D. J. Warner and at Rallston. New York, and was admitted to this 
bar in 1854. lie remoxed to Illinois, where he acquired a good 
reputation as a lawyer. In the Civil War he was an otlicer of the 
Eighty-fourth Illinois regiment and was killed at the battle of Mur- 
freesboro. December. i8r)2. and buried on the field. 

LoRKix li.VKM'.s studied in the law school. Was admitted in 
1807 and ])racticed a short time in I'.ristnl. 

lii:.\in' v^. l').\Ki;oiK was a native of Canton. Cc^mecticut. Rorn 
August 2. 1822. Studied law at Yale Law School and was ad- 
mitted lo this bar in i84(). lie practiceil at Torrington for twenty- 
one years, when he remo\ed to Hartford, where \\v died Se])tember 
21, 1 89 1 . 

Syiai'.sti'.r I'.aki;oik was a brother of I knr\ S. I'-arbour and 
])racticed law a short time about i8f)i ;it -New llartford ;ind is now 
in i)ractice in I lartford. 

r.MK.K Ai'iiicAi, i\()'i'i;s 225 

Anson I'.a'ii'.s. admiltcd to tlic liar in iSjo. 'Hic llistory of 
ilartt'ord C'ouiUv says hr practiced law at ICast (".ranl)\- ]i<7,l-\H(Hj. 

l\oi;i;irr C\ r.\ii;s. admitted to the bar in iSi 1 as of Salisbury. 

josiAii r>. r>ATTi'.i,i., l)orn in Woodlmry March 1, 177^1. Ad- 
mitted to the liar in \ji)ij as of Torrini^ton. JJieil May 7, 1843. in 
rorrin^ti m. 

Ikssk r.KACii was horn in Litchfield in \j(^f). He studied law 
with juds^c Reeve and was admitted to the har in \y()]. The next 
year he married Sally Wheeler, of Derhy. to which jilace he moved 
and ])racticed law there mitil iSoi. when he remo\ed to Keddin.^-, 

I. Cam. IhXKWiTii, Jk.. was horn in IJtchhelil in 1S74. (iradu- 
ate<"l at I'nion Collei;e in i8y6. Studied at Albany Law School 
and in the otlices of Terr} iV: L.ronson and L. I*". I'>ur]iee in Water- 
bur\ . where he eni^ag"e(l in jiractice for a short time, lie served 
as Corporal of Comjiany A. Tenth Uattalion. l'"irst New York 
\'olunteers. from .\pril, i8(j8. to .\])ril. i8(ji;. The res^imcnt was 
ordered for service in the lMiiliiii)ines. but only went as far as 
Honolulu. Was admitted to the Litchfield har in 1899. ^^'as a 
deputy sheriff under Sheriff .M iddlebrook. Is en,L;a,L;ed m jour- 

ilKzKKiAii 1'.i:i:ciii:k. was born in IJethlehem, the son of Abra- 
ham I'.eecher. He was admitteil to the har in 1854. He removed 
to. and was an earh' settler of Fort Dodi^e. Iowa. Is now deceased. 

1 '11 ii.i;.\ioN I'>i-:i'.ciii-:k, a native of l\ent. was born in 1775 and was 
admitted to this l)ar in 1800 as from Sharon. He soon removed to 
Lancaster. ( )hio. Henry Howe in his Historical Collections says 
of him: "He represented this district in Congress from 1817 to 
1827, and died about 1840. Was in politics a whig", and a man of 
line address and i)resence. Lie it was who o;ave Thomas Ewini:;' 
his first law business of any moment. The very elegant Llenry 
Stanberv, who began his law ]M-actice in Lancaster, and lived there 
for many years, married for his first wife the daughter of ]Mr. 
]^>eecher. He later lived at Columbus and in the vicinity of Cin- 
cinnati, and ended his i)rofessional career as .\ttorne\ C.eneral of 
the L'nited States under General Jackson." 

Trim AN 1')1;i:ciii;k, admitted in 1818 from Kent. Was a 
student of the law school. 

Fri;i)1';kuk 1')i:i:ks was liorn in Woodburx' jul_\- 23. 1785 and 
was admitted to this bar in 1815. He died in Woodbury on Decem- 
ber 6, i8j8. at the age of 43. 

2j6 i.ri'ciii'iKi.n C()^^■T^■ i'.i:\cii wn r..\n 

(iKORC.K W. r>i;i:RS was a son nl' lion. Srlli 1'. I'.ocrs and was 
born in Litchfield Fchniarv 18, 1S17. lie i^radualcd from Trinity 
CollciiV in 1839. and was admitted to this bar in 1842. J le never 
practiced his profession, hut was an assistant for his father in 
the care and manas;"ement of the immenst' interests of the School 
I'und in the Westt'rn l\eser\e of ( >hio. lie ihed at Litchfield. 

Ij;\vis 1"". Ih'.i'.KS was adnntted in 1804 to this bar from Winstcd. 
lie studied with jud.qe (lideon Hall, and remained in his olTice 
in W'insted a short time after jud^e 1 lall's death .wlien he removed 
to South Xorwalk, where he died I'elirnar}- 15, 1872. 

Si'li'ii r. r>i:i:us, a native oi Woodbury. l)orn July 4. 1781. W'as 
a student of the Litchfield Law School from 1803 to 1805. when 
he was admitted to this bar and settled in the ]jractice of his pro- 
fession in Litchfield, where he died September 9. 1862. He had a 
hirs^e clientage and occui)ied many ])()sitions (tf trust. lie was 
State's Attorne}' for the county 1820 to 1825. His principal work 
was commissioner of the School Inmd of Connecticut from 1824 
to 1849, a period of twenty-five years, durini;' which time the settle- 
ment of a very large number of contested land claims and titles in 
the < Hiio land, known as the \\'estern Reserve, had to be adjusted 
b\ him. It is largel}- thrt)ugh his legal and financial ability that 
our present school fund of $2,000,000 exists. Died September 9, 
iS(->2 at Litchfield. (See Sedgwick's address.) Picture on page 92. 

Fri:i)i:kiciv \). Whmmas, was a nati\e of Warren, graduated 
at Yale, class of 1842, and was admitted to this bar in i8_W'), and 
settled and jjegan ])ractice in Litchfield. In 1833 he was a])i)ointed 
clerk of the Superior Coml, which ollice he held at the time of his 
death, August i, i860, aged 38 years. I'icture on page 138. 

Cir.\Ki.KS ( ). r>i'.i.i)i;\, born in Monlecello, W'w ^'ork. in 1827. 
was admitted to ])ractice in 1848. After i>racticing a short time at 
LitchheM he renio\-cd to .Milwaukee. Wisconsin. In i8()i he took 
an active part in the C'ivil War. organizing" the Sixty-seventh Xew 
York \'olunteers. of which he was the Lieutenant Colonel and was 
in several engagements. At the close of ihe war his health failed 
and he was unable to follow his profession. He died in Litchfield 
November 22, 1870. 

JoSi:i'ii II. I'.i;i.i..\.\n', a native of lUthlihem. was a grandson of 
the celebrated dix'ine jose))h iiellamy. I). I). Me graduated at ^'ale 
ColIeg"e in 1808, and was admitteil to this bar in 1810 and resided 
and i)racticed in I'.ethlelu'm. where he died in 1848. ( See Sedg- 
wick's .Address. ) 

Amos r>i:\i;i)H'i'. horn in .Middlebury, Connet-ticnt. jul\- 6, 1780, 
graduated at ^'a^■ College 1800. slndic'd law in the Litchlield Law 

iMoc.kAriiicAi, \()'ri;s 227 

i^cliool and was adniiiud in inacticr in i.So^. AfkT practiciiiLC a 
short lime in Litchticld lu' rnnovcd to WatcrUtwn. Xcw ^'ork. 
He (lied in 1816 wliilo <>ii .1 \i-it to Litchfield. 

NoAii 1'.. I'.i:\i;i)ic'i', liniii ill \\MMdl)ury, .\])ril J. 1771. Gradu- 
ated at ^■ak■ I78,S. .\diiiiHc<l lo \\\v bar in 171JJ and (hed July 2, 
18^1. lie was one of the niusl learned and distin.nuished lawyers 
in the State. (See lioardnian's sketches and Sedgwick's Address 
and note in 8lh Conn. l\ei)i>ri 42'). also ohituary in 15th Conn. 
Report.) liis portrait is on jia-e 5S, taken from an old oainting 
in the \\'oi)dl)ur\- I'rohate ullice. 

Mi 1,0 L. r.KXMvTT, admitted in 181 3, as of Sharon. Ivcmoved 
to Vermont and was a jnd,<;e of the Supreme Court of that State. 

Hkman Ili'.RKV. admitted i7</>. as of Kent. 

John P.. IhrrTS. admitted to this bar in 1882; practiced a short 
time in New Hartford; renrnved l^ the West. He died in Beatrice, 
Nebraska, and was buried in .\ew Hartford. January 24, 1902. 

Wii.i.iAM W. l5ii)WKi.L, born in Colebrook in 1850 and admitted 
to this bar in 1858. located in Collinsville, where he practiced his 
profession and was killed 1)_\- accident in 1894. 

Wii.i.iA.M W. r.iKKCi: was born at Cornwall Bridi^e in 1863; 
graduated at Williams ColleL;e in 1885 and was admitted to this 
bar in 1891. is now in ])ractice at Torrinoton, where he was the 
town clerk and town prosecutin.;- attorney, and is also one of the 
prosecuting agents for Litchfield County. 

Hknkv a. Ihi.i.S. admitted to this bar in 1851, ])racticed a short 
time in Winsted, Connecticut. Lublished for some years the Win- 
sted N'civs, and then followed other avocations. He died June 
24, 1892. 

Hox. Joux I'iRi). born in Litclilield. Xovember 22, 1768. gradu- 
ated at Yale College in 178(). was admitted to this bar in 1789, and 
after a practice of five years removed to Troy, New York, where 
he resided until his death in i8o^. During these few years he held 
manv im]iortant positinns and a member of Congress. 

EuwAKj) LissKi.!.. a native of Litchfield, born .Xovember 2y. 
1808, ami admitted to this bar in 1832. He afterwards entered 
the United States naval service, and died January 24, 1876. 

Edward I'.issKi.i.. born in Litchfield, December 16, 1827, and 
graduated at Yale College in 1851, and at the Yale Law School in 
1853, and was admitted to this bar in 1853. He removed to Fond 
du Lac, W isconsin, where he now resides. 

228 I.lTC-linr.I.I) COTNTV HK\( II \M> HAU 

Kkantis r.issKi.i.. Iiin-ii in l.itclificld Aiiril iT), 1852. and ad- 
mitted to this l)ar in 1S75. lie i.ractictd a slmrt time in New Ilart- 
I'ord , then went into the insurance l)usiness. from whieh lie retired, 
and is now en^a.^ed in aiiriouUnre at llanlam. 

Kiii:m;zi:u 15. lii.ACKM.w. i^rachiated at Vale Collei,^e in 1817, 
admitted to this bar in 1822 and i)raetieed at Sharon, whence he 
removed to lirookfield in 1S40 and died there in \S,(^^,. 

Lkwis J. lii.AKH. admitted to this bar in 1874 and be.oan practice 
in Litchfield, l)ut soon removed west, and is now a law stenographer 
and teacher at ( )maha, Nebraska. 

). W. r.i..\Ki;sij:i;. admitted in 1866, as of riymouth. 

Sami'Ki. C. Ib.AKKiJiv. admitted m 1800 from Roxbury. 

Wii.i.iAM H. r.i.oDC.KTT, a native of Canaan, .\dmitted to this 
bar in 1903. He located in W'insted and is now Town IVosccuting 
Attornev. " He was assistant clerk of the Connecticut House of 
Representatives in 1907. 

D.wii) SiiKKMAN IJoARD.MAX. born in New Milford in 1768, 
lirraduated at Yale in 1793 and admitted to this bar in 1795. He 
located and ])ractice(l all liis lifetime in his native town, where he 
died December 2, 1864. President Porter, of Yale College, in his 
sketch of Mr. Iloardman, published in the history of New .Milford. 
savs : "There have been few. if any of the inhabitants of New 
Milford since its settlement, who deserve to be more honored than 
this pure minded, sagacious and noble hearted man." He is the 
author of the sketches iniblished herewith, v^ee Sedg-wick's Address. 

C.i'oKC.K S. P)OARi)iMAX. a native of New Milford, son of Hon. 
Elijah I'oardman, born 1799, admitted to this l)ar in 1820 and died 
in New Milford 1825. (See Sedgwick's Address.) 

Wii.i.iAM WiirriNc, P>(i.\Ki).\i AN. another son of Hon. Klijah 
lloardman was born 171)4 graduated at Vale College in 181 2 and 
admitted to this bar in 1818. I le removed to New Haven, where he 
had a large i)ractice and held many public offices — member of Con- 
gress, etc. Died .August 2J. 1871. 

WiM.i.x.M 1). P.oSi.KK. born in New \'ork City b\-bruar\ JJ,. 1877. 
Studied law with L. j. Nickerson, of West Cornwall, and admitted 
to this bar in 1902. Commenced practice at West Cornwall, but in 
1906 be removed to New \'ork Cit\', and is now connected witli the 
District .Attorney's olbce. 

Cii.xKi.KS P.oSTWKK was liorn in .New .Milford, graduated at A'ale 
College in 1796, and studied law under judge Reeve, of I/ltciifield, 
li<gnn to i)raclice bis jirofcs^iim but sul)sc(|ncntl\- \wnt into com- 

i;i()(,K AI'll KAI. NOTKS 



I pursuits in Ww \nrk. l.atrr lie rc-niMved U> I '.ri.i^xport, 
lie was elected maynr in 1X40 and served afterwards as city 

loSKi'li A. I'.osi WICK, (it" New .\lilt'()r<l. admitted in 1804. 

Samiki. lloSTwicK was liorn in New Milt'ord in 1755 and t;radu- 
aled at Vale Colle-e in 1780. He practiced law in liis native town 
mitil his death, April 3, 1799. 

1 \\:\\<\ A. lloTsi'OKi) was 
Ixirn in W'atertovvn in 1821 
and <lied at Hartford. April 
,_^, i^^)Z,. lie was Sheriff 
from iS(.n t(. iSfit;. He 
came to Litcht^ehl from 
Salishnrv. where he had 
l)een deputy sheriff for ten 
years and ahout 1870 he re- 
inuved to Winsted and m 
,872 to Hartford and en- 
o-ao-ed in the wholesale Chi- 
cago dressed heef husiness. 
1 le received the f^rst car of 
that commodity from Chi- 
caL;-o shipped to any pomt 
in'\ew l-:n-land. except to 
l"„,sion. He was a i;emal. 
kind-hearted .<;-entleman and 
made no enemies in his of- 
ficial and husiness life. 


John A. liorciiTox was admitted to this har in 1862. He soon 
removed to Bridgeport, Conn. He was for many years connected 
with the internal revenue service. Is imt now in the practice of his 
legal profession. 

John Uovd was horn in Winsted March 17. 1799. He gfraduated 
at Yale College in 1821 and was admitted to the har of New Haven 
County in 1825, and to this har in 1826. Representative in the 
General .Assemhly 1830 ami 1835: County Commissioner 1840, 1849 
and 1850: State Senator 1854. and IVesident pro tcm: town clerk 
of Winchester ahout thirty years and died in 1881. 

He was Secretary of the State of Connecticut 1859. i860 and 
1861. One of the mottoes used in some of the political campaig:ns 
of the State was. " Give us \()ur hand, honest John r>oyd." He 
compiled and ]ml)lisheil the annals of Winchester. It is to him 

2^0 i.iTcMirii'i.n t"(n"N'i'>' i'.i:n(.'ii wd i;.\i< 

ihat the State is in(le])te(l for the preserwuiun of sn iiinch as re- 
mains of tlie ori^-inal cliarter ^rallied l)y KiiiL; C'liarles II. In \6c)S> 
the (luplicalc of ilic ])ateiU was 1)\ [hv (\it\vyui>v and council placed 
ni the hands of Cajilain Joseph W'adswordi " in a vvvy trouhlcsomc 
.season wlu'n our eonslilnlion was struck at" aud was salel\' ke])t 
and ])reser\e(l h\ hiui uiuil May 1713. This history is worth reeord- 
\uix here. 

" In 1S17 or iSh>. while .Mr. I'.oxd was i)reparinL;' for colle.Q'e at 
the Ilartford (".rainuiar School, he hoai"de(| in the faniil}- of Rev. 
Dr. I'dinl. of ihe South Church, llartfnrd. 

■■(."oniin^' oue da\' froiu school he noticed on the workstand of 
.\lrs. llissell, the doctor's mother-in-law. a dinj^x- piece of i)arclinicnt, 
covered on one side with hiack letter manuscri]it. In answer to his 
iufpiiries .Mrs. llissell told him that haxdui;- occasion for some paste- 
' ard her friend and nei.^hhor, .Mrs. W'yllxs, had sent her this. 
Mr. lUnd ])r()iK;)se{l to ])rocure her a piece of pasteboard in e.\- 
ehanin'e for the ])archmcnt. to which Mrs. llissell consented. It 
was not. howe\er. until si.\ or eii^iil \ear,s had elajised when Mr. 
llo}(l examined the jiarchmeut with care, when he learned for the 
first time that he liad what he thou.^ht and was ^i^vnerallv thoui^'ht, 
until recently, was a (lu]:)licate of the charter." 

The Colonial Record. \'ol. T\'., published in iSA.S, says: 

" The original charter, which now han.^s in the secretar_\ "s olTice 
at Harttord, is enqraved on three skins. The duiilicate was written 
on two. So nnich of the duplicate as remains heim;' al)out three- 
fourths of the second skin, is now in the librar\- of ihe C'onnecicut 
JTistorical Society, where it was ])laced by lion. |ohn I'.oyd, late 
Secretary of State." 

Xot loni^- a.i^'o. howe\-er, search was made throu,^'h the records in 
London and it was found that ti\-e ])ounds was the fee paid for 
draftini^- the original charter and twenty shillings for the duplicate. 
]*,xamination of the documents showed that twenl\- shilling's was 
\'.ritten (])robably a memorandum! on the su])])osed orii;"inal charter 
and five pounds on the sup])osed duplicate so that now it is certain 
that the one sa\-ed by Mr. Iloxd was the oriiL^inal an<l die one that 
huiii^' lor years in the secrelarx 's ollice and has been recentl\ lunii^- in 
the State library is the dni)licate. 

The Mrs. W'yllys spoken of was related to the former Secretary 
of the State b\ that name and the parchment was i)robably found 
with his effects. 

Connecticut liwd umler ibis cbarti'r until iSiS. fort_\-two years 
after the Declaration of lndei)endeuce." 

.\i;k\ii.\m Hk \1)I,i:n', Jr., was born in l.ilclnield \J(^J. Studied 
law with judi^e Reeve and was admilteil to the bar in \J()\. lie 
located in the valley of llu- Wxdiuiii-. I 'euiis\ l\ ania. Somi after he 
acce])ted a jxisiliou undt'r Colonel I 'icki'riu'^', then the I'ostmaster 

l;l(i(,K \ni U'AI, No'l'l-.S 


CciuTal (it llu' I'liiUMl Stales at W axliiii-l"n. I U- rciunvnl to 
^\'asllinL;l•>^, I >. ^\. and was assislani pMStmaskT L^ciuTal, uixlcr 
variims a<lniiiii>trali( mis lor lu'arlv l'<irl\ years, lie and lii^ hnilhcr, 
I'liincas. wen.' iIk- real nr,-ani;aTs of llic i)o>lnnicc (K'i)arlintnt of 
ihc I'nilrd v'^latcs. 

Ai.r.i'.KT I'. I'>u \I)S'i'i<i;i;t was Imrn in '^ll^1na^lon in i(S4(i. j^radu- 
atc'd at ^■al(,■ Colk-.m.' in 1 S7 1 , and C"iiluinl)ia Law Scliool ni 1<S73. 
l\v was admitted t«' the l)ar in 1S74 and took u]) i)ractice in 'Idiomas- 
ton. Me was a inenilier nl the General .\sseml)ly in i.Sjj-jS. and m 
iSSi and iSSj was ek'Cted to the Senate frmn tlie Sixteenlli District, 
bcins;- the tirsl l\e])ul)hcan wlio was retnnu-d t'roni that (h^lrict I'.r 
several \ears. lie was town elerk of 'I'honiaston from 1875 to 
1891. and jnd-e of I'n.hate from 1S7J to l8cp. In 1870 he was 
ai)])()inted de])nty jnd^e nf the Water])ury district conrt and in 
1883 he was ek'Cted JikIu'i' "'' the same conrt, hein.-' re-elected in 
1887 and 181J3. lie is now in hnsiness in New ^ ork ('it}'. 

Ni'.i.SdX l'.Ki:\\ sri'.K was admitted from Cornwall in 1824. lie 
resided in Coshen and had a \er\- limited ])ractice. lie died in 1850. 

j.\.Mi-:s T. liKi-.ivX was admitted from W'insted in 1881. located in 
the "West. 

Dan 11:1. .\. Jhuxs.MADK, 
of \\'ashini;ton, was the son 
of the Rev. Daniel Jirins- 
made, the second pastor of 
the Society of judea. after- 
wards the town ot Wash- 
ington. 1 le was horn in 
1750. t;radnated at N ale 
Colleij;-e in 1772. read law 
at Sharon and was admitted 
to this bar and settled in 
his nati\'e town, wdiere he 
])racticed his profession for 
more than I'lfty years. In 
' 1787 he was a (lelesate to 
the convention at Hartford 
that ratified the Constitu- 
tion of the I'nited States. 
1 le was justice of the quo- 
rum and assistant judge of 
the County Court for six- 
teen years. He represent- 
ed his town in the Legisla- 
ture during fortv-three sessions and was one session clerk of the 
House of Kepresentativt's. He died in 1826. 

l)\Ml':i. X. I'.KIXSMADl 

2^2 l.riXll I'll'M.!) I'OIN TN I'.i;N\ II AM) I! \K 

Ci.ii'i-oKi) \l. r.KiSToi. was admitted ti> this l)ar in iSSj and l)ci;an 
practice at Norfolk and then reino\cd to I Main\ilk'. lie now resides 
in W'insted and is en^a^ed in mercantile hnsiness. 

MKUKiri' r.KoNSox was admitted to this l)ar in 1855 from New 

r>i".\.\i: rr Hkoxson was a j^radnate of \'ale (.'ollej^e in 1797 and 
admitted to this har in 1802 as of Sotith])in-y. He was liorn No- 
vember 14, 1775. in \\ aterhnry. He l)ecanie a ])rominent man in 
W'aterburv. as law\er and hanker, and die<l there December II, 

Cii.\Ki.i:s R. r>Ko\v\ was admitted to the l)ar in 1816 from Sharon. 

S.v.ML'iiL Ukownsox was one of tlie early settlers of New Mil- 
ford and its town clerk from 17 14 to 1733. He was its first justice 
of the peace and also Jud,qe of the New Haven County Court and 
died in 1733. He acted as attorney for the town on several occa- 
sions and is said to have been an attorney in fact. 

Ivoc.EK JiKoWNSoN' was a l)rother of Samuel and succeeded him 
in the oliice of town clerk in New Milford and was there justice of 
the peace for a number of years. He died in 1758. 

NoKTox j. lU'Ki,, born in Salisl)ury Septeml)er 13. 1813. Studied 
law wth General Sedgwick and judge Seymour and was admitted 
to the bar in 1834. Reiuoved to New Haven County and died in 
New Haven March 6, 1864. See Warner's reminiscences. 

lu'viMiKis W. I>ULL, born in Danbury in 1805, and was admitted 
to this bar in 1825. He went South in 1830 and was reported to 
liave been killed by the Indians in Texas in its war of 1840. 

William llrKKi'; was liorn in Ireland in 1820. came to Amer- 
ica in 1838 and following" the example of Rt)ger Sherman, settled 
in New Mil ford, and while earning his living liy shoemaking, studied 
law and was admitted to this bar in 1868. He removecl to Dan- 
bury in i8<'kj, and resided there at the tiiue of his death in 1890. 
The History of Danbury sa\s of him: "In social matters liis 
kmdness of heart, his ever ready smile and cordial bearing, his 
bright and sunny disposition, and his uprightness and streng^th of 
character made him many warm friends, who will long cherish a 
pleasant memory of liiuL" 

Willi \.M .M. Ulkrall was a native of Canaan and admitted to 
this bar in 1808. He was associate judge of the County Court 
from 1829 to 1836, and after that its presiding judge for two years. 
He died in Canaan in 1851, aged jj years. (See Sedgwick s Ad- 
dress. J 


I'.IOC.kAI'II U'AI, Xo'fl'.S 233 

WiiJ.i.wi I'()UTi;k I'.ikuai.i., was a <.m i>\ tlic I I'm. William M. 
Burrall, born in Canaan Sci)kinl)cT i<S, iSof). Immediately after 
his graduation In nu \ -aIv C'<>lle,L;e in i.Sjf) he hegan the study of 
law with his father. atUndi'd the Kitchlield Law School anrl was 
admitted to this l)ar .\i)ril, ISJ(^ lie ])racticed law in lii-^ native 
town until ( )ctoher. 1S3S. wlun he removed to r.rid.geport. Con- 
necticut, and assumed the ])residency of the Housatonic Railroad 
Companv. then iust oruanizini;-, which odice he held till 1853, when 
he resis^ned. lie was connected with the New York, Xew ITaven 
cV Hartford Railroad Conii)any dnriui;- its ccMistruction and the 
earher vears of its operation. Jle was also treasurer and president 
of the Illinois Central Railroad. In 1862 he was chosen vice- 
president of the Hartford and Xew Haven Railroad and in 1868 
was made its president, and ujion consolidation hecame the vice- 
president of the New York. New Haven & Hartford Railroad Com- 
pany, which office he held at the time of his death at Hartford, 
March 3, 1874. 

Chart. KS D. r.iKKii.i,, of TJtchfield, was horn in Charleston. 
South Carolina, in 1854. He entered the class of 1878, Yale, and 
after studying- at the Columbia Law School, was achnitted to the 
Hartford bar in 1884. He removed to Litchfield in 1891. 

Calvix ButiJ'K, born in Waterbury in 1/72. He began to studv 
at Williams College but left at the close of the sophomore year and 
began the study of law at Norfolk. He was admitted to this bar in 
1799, and finally located at Plymouth in 1806, where he died in 
1845. He held many of the town offices, was a member of the 
Constitutional Convention in 1818. In 1839 he was appointed a 
Judge of the County Court for Litchfield County. 

Caln'ix R. Bltlkr was a son of Calvin Butler, Esq.. and born 
in Plymouth August 6, 1809, and was admitted to this bar in 1843. 
He died October ]h. 1844. 

AIalcomb N. ButlKR was another son of Calvin Butler, Esq., 
and was born in Plymouth. June 26, 1826, and admitted to this bar 
in 1846. He died in Plynunuh February 29, 1848. 

S. McLkax BiCKixc.iiA^r. born in P.rooklyn. X. Y. October 3. 
1876. Graduated at Yale 1899 ^"^^ ^^ Harvard Law Schooli902. 
Admitted to this bar 1903. Resides and practices at Watertown. 

CuRTiss W. Caiu.k was admitted to this bar in 1828. 

Daniel W. Cady. a native of Petersboro, New York, and a 
graduate of Cornell in }S<-/8. was admitted to this bar in 1884. He 
removed to Kansas and was engaged as a law instructor until his 
death in 1885. 

2^4 i.iTcm-ii'.i.n I'oiNTN' i'.i:n(,ii .\m> \:.\k 

n.wiD S. (.'ai.iku N. lioni in (.'dxciitrv . Connecticut, in 1827, 
!;ra<luatc(l at \-a\v Collci^c in 1S4S. Studied law with ju(l<;-c O. S. 
Seynunir at I.itclilidd ICS50-51. and was admitted to this l)ar Deccni- 
l)er 18. 1851. I las i)i-acticed in 1 lartford County to the i)rescnt time 
and for man\- \ears was jud^e of the Court of Common IMcas for 
that county. lie resides in ihirlford. 

C.i;oKC,K W. C.\y\\' was admitted to the har in i<S8_' from New 

SA^iiii:!. C.. Cami- is a native of North Canaan. He was admitted 
to the har in H)02. Resides and ])ractices in his native village, and 
is lari;vl\- interested in lime manufactm'ini^'. 

EzR.\ CaximI';i.1) was admitted to the har in 1802 from Salishury. 

Kdwakd T. Caxkiki.L) was horn in Thomaston. o;raduated at 
Yale College and Yale haw School in 1903, and admitted to this 
bar 1903. Practices his profession at Hartford, hut resides in his 
native town, which he represented in the Legislature in \()0/. 

Joiix Canfiki.d was horn in New IMilford in 1740 and graduated 
at Yale College in 1762; admitted to this bar in 1763 and settled in 
Sharon as the first lawyer who established himself in practice there. 
He was ten times sent from that town to the General Court and in 
1786 he was a member of the Continental Congress and died the 
same year. He was State's Attorney for the county from 1772 until 
his death. 

loSKPH CaxfiKLD. Jr., born in 17^17 in Tvynie, Connecticut, and 
removed with his father wdien he was }oung to Salisbury.^ He 
studied law with Colonel Strong and at the Litchfield Law School 
and was admitted to the bar in 1786. He located and practiced in 
Salisbury until his death in 1803. 

JrusON Canimki.d. horn in New Mil ford lanuary 24, 1759, and 
graduated at Yale College in 1782. He was admitted to the bar in 
J 785 and located and practiced in Sharon. He held many im^x^rt- 
ant olhcial iwsitions and was for many years one of the judges of 
the Countv Court. He was one of the purchasers of the sc1hk)1 lands 
in ( )hio and the countv seat of Mahoning Count} was named after 
him. lie died in New York City February 5. 1840. 

Ili:\uv ). Ca.m'iki.I) was a son of Judson Canheld. horn in 
Sharon, 1789, graduated from "S'ale College in i8of) and was ad- 
mitted to this bar in 1810. In early life he removed to Ohio to take 
care of his father's interests in that State. Died November 2/, 1856, 
at Canfield, < )hio. 

Samikl C.xNi'iKi.i) was horn in Milford and removed to New 
Milford early in its settlenieiU. For many years he was the Justice 

C.l'UKC.l': CATLIN. 

ISIOI.U Ai'II K'AI, XO'I'I'.S -35 

of tlu' I'cacc and Town CWrk. [']u<\) tlu' ori^anizalion of the county 
in 1751 he was one of tlic jnslicrs of the (|n<)rnni for the county, 
and in 17S4 was ;ii)i>ointcd the a-i-nt of tlu- county for tlic huildin^^ 
of the Ci.uv[ Iiou<c at Kitchlield. IK- died 1 )eeenil)er 14, 1754. U'^a-d 
c,2. lie was the fatlier of Colonel Sanuu'l C'anfiehl. whose picture 
is shown on i)a.L;e i^^. " Ihil few men have a hi-her record than he 
at his ai;v in the olden time." 

Ai.i'.Kui' M. C\\Ki). horn in Amcnia. Xcw \'ork, in I.S45 and re- 
moved to Sliaron while (|nite \(iun.-. IJe was achnitted to this bar 
in i88(). lie represented Sharoii in the Lci,nslature in i<Sr,r, and 
ni i8<;i. Is deceased. 

LvMAN W. Casi{ was adnn'tted to this bar in iS4(; and rcNided 
in Winsted. lie died May ij, iS<j_', at the age of 64, and the 
disposal of his lari^e estate c:in he seen in the case of i'inney vs. 
xVewton et al. in the Sixty-sixth Comiecticut Reports. 

OuiUN S. Casiv, horn in Canton and admitted to lliis har in 1849. 
He practiced in Collinsville. In the war of the rebellion he was an 
olficer in the Thirty-first Connecticut X'olunteers and was killed 
before retersburg-. A'irginia, August 6, 1864. 

UuJAU Cask, born in Canton in 1828, studied law with Elisha 
Johnson and was admitted to this l)ar in 1851. He practiced in Pine 
Meadow and Plain ville,, but finally removed to Hartford, where he 
now resides. 

Abijaif Cati.ixc. of Harwinton. appears upon the records of the 
County Court as a practitioner in 1752. 

George Catlix, was a son of Putnam Catlin and was l)orn m 
W'ilkesbarre, Penn. He studied law in the Law School and was 
admitted to the Bar in 1817. After a few years practice in Penn- 
sylvania he ([uit the profession and went to paintinj^ Indian ]xirtraits 
for which he has gained a world wide reputation. Our portraU of 
Judge Reeve is from Catlin's painting. 

CiEoKC.K Smith', born in Harwinton August 24th, 1808, 
and admitted to this bar in 1828. He practiced in Windham 
County from 1829 to 1853. He was a representative in Congress 
in 1843-45. 

PiTXAM, was Ix.rn in Litchfield April 5, I7<M and ad- 
mitted to the bar in 178O and soon after removed to Pennsylvania 
and died at Great I'.end in that state in 1842. He served in the 
revolutionary war and received a "P.adge of Merit."' He was the 
father of George Catlin the Indian painter. 



I'lKi.n coL'NTv i!r.N\ 11 Axn r..\R 

Ar.I.IAll C A T L I N, 

l)()rn in llarwiiiton, 
Conn.. April I. 1805. 
Ciraduatcd at Yale in 
1825 and was admit- 
ted to the bar in New 
Haven County i n 
1827. He ]5racticed a 
few years in Geors^ia 
Init rctm-ned in 1837 
1(1 1 larwinton where 
he lived until his 
(Icatli. A])ril 14, 1891. 
I Ic lu'ld various pub- 
lic olliccs, representa- 
tive to the General 
Assembly ten times, 
meml)er of the Senate 
in 1844, Comptroller 
o f the State 1847, 
1848 and 1849. School 
Fund Commissioner 
1852. Was Judg-e of 
the County Court a 
numlxM- of years. He 
was Chairman of the 
Bar Association for 
many years prior to 
his death and all his life an active participant in all reform matters 
of good citizenship. See his obituary in 60 Conn. l\e])ort. 

Joifx D. CiiAMi'Lix. was born in Stonington. Conn. Jamiary 29, 
1834, but in early life removed to Litchfield. He was admitted to 
this bar in 1859. After a very brief practice he engaged in news- 
paper work, publishing the Litchfield Sentinel, but disposing of 
that enterprise he removed to Xcw ^'ork City, and has ever since 
been engaged in literary wurk. 

Ei.i^roRE S. CiiAi'i*i;i:, was born in SharcMi April 2(). 1810 and ad- 
mitted to this l)ar in 1833. and died in 1834. 

CiiAKi,i:s ^'. CiiASi:, was born in Sharon in 1784. Admitted 
to this I'.ar in iXoS and after a short i)ractico abondoiu'd his ])ro- 
fession lor the ministry, and rentowd to ( )hi(\ 

'I'lioMAS Ciiii'.MAX removed from Groton. Corn, to Salisbury 
in 1740 with five sons. He was a practioner of law and was ap- 
]>oinled a judge of the first County Court, but dic<l liefore its first 
term. He was the grand-father ( '' 

I Ion. Xathanicl Chipman of 

I'.IOC.UAI'll K'Al, N'oTl'.S 237 

Kkicdkkick Cm 1 ri;.M)i:\ was hnni in Kiiii, Iml die'l in J<itclit'iel<l 
August 12, 1869, aged 65 }cars. anl with mie exception was the 
oldest practicing mcmlier of iliis I'.ar. lie possessed good legal 
attainments, and al imc time did a \-ery extensive law business, lie 
was of a verv impulsive tem])emenl, and sometimes made enemies, 
luU he also had warm friends, lie was given to acts of kindness 
and generositv. lie resided at Wcjodville in the town of Washing- 
ton and carried on a large Iron Works making bar and slilted iron. 

Aarox Cm'Kcii, admitted to this liar from llarlland in 1X02. 

Le^iax CiirKCii, l)orn in Salisbury, and was admitted to this liar 
in t8i6. He settled in Canaan where he died in 1<S49. He had 
;in extensive practice and was State's .\ttorne\- for a munbcr of 
years. (See Boardman sketches and Sedgwick's Address.) 

Many years ago Truman Smith was called to try a case in 
N(M-th Canaan. The affair was one which called together a good 
many witnesses and others, and the rooms at the hotel were all 
taken. "Sir. Smith, in his absentmindness had neglected to have 
a room assigned to him, and toward midnight, having spent the 
e\-ening in preparation for the trial of the morrow, he made aj)- 
])lication to the landlord for a room. The host was quite taken 
back to find that more room was wanted, for every bed was oc- 
cupied. It was finally decided that Mr. Smith would have to occupy 
the same bed with Judge Leman Church. Judge Church, as will 
be remembered by the men of those days, was of very small stature, 
not larger than the average boy of fourteen of fifteen ; his head 
was round and small, albeit he was a very able jurist. Accepting 
the situation, :\lr. Smith disrobed for sleep, turned down the bed- 
clothes, and there beheld the Judge, up over on the back side of the 
couch, like a crooked-necked squash. "Humph!" said the senator, 
glancing around at the host, who was waiting to carry away the 
tallow-dip of those early days, "this is the first time I ever had to go 
to bed with an interrogation point!" (See Warner's Address.) 

Sa.miKi, CiiiKCir, LL. D.. born in Salisbury February 4. 1785. 
Graduated at Yale in 1806. Studied at the Litchfield Law School 
and was admitted to the Bar in 1806 and soon began practice in his 
native town. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention 
in 1818. a Judge of the Superior Court in 1832, Chief Justic_e_of the 
Supreme Court in 1847. The latter part of his life he resided in 
Litchfield, where he died in 1854. (See Sedgwick's Address.) See 
Portrait on page 3. 

GkiCc.o Clark was born in Towa City. Towa, February ^th. 1872. 
Graduated at Harvard 1893. Engaged as a teacher at "The Gun- 
nery" in Washington, Conn., and studied law with Hon. Geo.^ A. 
Hickox, and was admitted to this Bar in 1899. Removed to Xew 

Tiio.MAS M. Ci.ARK, born in Winsted, January 4, 1830. Xcver 

2T,S. I.IHII l'li:i.l) tOlNIN- lU-.Nril AM) i;,\K 

practiced. Noted as l)cinj;" a Ioiil; time the spicN' editor of the 
W'instcd Herald, and afterwards a prominent manufacturer. He 
ilied at sea Novcmlier 13. 18S7. wliilc returnint;- from a vovaq^c 
taken for his liealth. 

C'iii-:STr:i< I). Ci.i'A i;i..\M). l)oni in llarkhamsted, served in the Jnd. 
Conn. Heavy Artillery in the Rebellion. i;ainin_o- the rank of Major. 
Admitted to this liar in 1866. Removed to ( )shkosh. Wis. where 
he was Cotmt\- Jud^e. 

Frank K. CijCnKi.axd, born in Salisbury 'Slay 18. 1853. Oradu- 
ated at the University of Alichig^an and was admitted to the liar at 
Ann Harbor, Mich, in 1873, and also ti> this IJar the next year. 
After a short practice he became totally blind. He moved to Hart- 
ford and was the publisher of law blanks and stationery. He was 
the secretary of the State Board of Education for the blind. He 
now. 1907, resides in Washington, D. C. and is eu'^aged in education 
of the blind. 

W'lLijAAt G. CoiC, born in Winchester September to, 1829, ad- 
mitted to this Bar in 185 1. began his practice at New liritain. Conn., 
but in 1856 removed to Winsted and engaged in manufacturing. He 
was an active promoter of the then Connecticut Western Railroad 
Company and was its secretary He died in Winsted May 31. 1872. 

CiiUKCiiiLL Coffin, born in Salisbury, admitted to this 
Died in Chicago in 1873. 

Gforck W. Coi.i:, born in \\'arren. Conn. September 6, 1850. 
Was admitted to this liar in 1876 and practiced about two years in 
Plymoutli and removed to Torrington in 1878. He remained there 
until 1885 when he left the practice of law and became a professional 
librarian. He is now engaged in Bibliographical work in New York 

RiCTTAKD Cook, admitted in 1835 from New Hartford. 

1v()(.i:k W. Cook, born February 10. i7<)7 in Litchfield. Admitt- 
ed to this Bar in 1819 from Litchfield. Died at sea November 4, 
1823 on a voyage to the ^^'cst Indies for his health. 

W'li.i.iA.M Cor.sw 1:1.1,. was a native of Washington and admitted 
to this liar in I7«ji. Was a Presidential elector in 1824 and died in 
T825. lie took great interest in militar\- matters and was C'olonel 
in the .Militia. (See Sedgwick's Address.) 

William CoriiKi;\, born in l'"armington, .Maine, November 28, 
]8i(;. ("iraduatedat I lowdoin C'ollege in 1843. Came to Woodbury 
and studied law with lion. Charles I'.. I'lielps. and \\ as ;ulmitted to 
this Har in 1845. lie bu-ated ami always H'sided in Woodbury hav- 
ing- an extensive practice' until his de.illi .Man-h iiili, iS()8. His 
fame will rest ])rinci|)all\- upon his historical inxestigations ;md 
esi)ecially his History of .\ncient Woodbury. 

i:i()(,i< Ai'illCAi. NO'li'.s 239 

Sthwakt W . C'(i\\i;\, l)(irn in M i<l(lKI)ur\ . sln<lii<l law willi 
James J limtinj^li m. of WcHidhury, ailiiiittnl to tin- I'.ai' in 1SS5, now 
in practice in Ml. \ ernon, X, ^■. 

l<*i)\\AKi) I*. Cowi.i'S, l)orn in C'anaan jannar\ i(>, 1X15, ailniitlcd 
to the luir in I1S49. I'racticed in llmlMMi. X. N'. ami in Xcw N'ork 
City; was appointed in 1854 |ustice of the Sn])ia-nif rourl of Xew 

Wai,'i'i;k S. C'o\\i,i:s, born in Canaan February 23, iXk;. adniilted 
to the liar in 1S51. Loc.-i.U'd and practiced in I '.rid,L;e])ori, and re- 
moved to Xew Ndrk C'il\ , where he died in 1897. 

Saml'Ki. Cow i.i'.s, adniilted to the liar in J803 from Xm-folk. 

Edward 11. Cim -\i i.m., admitted in 1830. 

Eli Ci'KTiss, was l)orn in Xorth])ury. (now ri_\inonth ) I'c'bru- 
ary 10. 1748. Ciraduated at Vale Cttllei^e in 1777, was active in the 
Revolutionary War where he reached the rank of Captain. 1 le lost 
an arm in the service for which he received a i)ension, lie was 
admitted to the in 1781, and i)racticed in Watertown, but tinally 
removed to I'.ristol. where he died December 13, 1821, and wa-i 
buried in Thniouth east burxiny" yround. 

Ht)i.r.Kooiv Ci'UTiss, born in .Xewtown, h'airfield County Jul_\ 14. 
1787. Graduated at \'ale Collej^e 1807, admitted to this in 
1809. I>eg-an his i)ractice in Litchfield County in 181 5 at Water- 
town. He died February 21. 1858. (See Sedgwick's Address.) 

WiLLi.\.M E. Ci'RTiSS, was a son of Holbrook Curtiss. born in 
Watertown September 2(), 1823. graduated at Trinity in 1843. 
studied law with William Curtiss Xoyes in Xew York City and was 
admitted to this Par in i84f). He ])racticed in Xew York City and 
was a Judg-e of the Sujierior Court of that State in 1871, and its 
presiding Judge in i87(). 1 le died in Watertown July (k 1880. 

Medad Curtiss, admitted to this in 17(^7 from .Xorfolk. 

Ge:orge Y. CfTLKR. born in Watertown Ajjril (). 1797. Gradu- 
ated at Yale in 1816. admitted to this liar in 1820 from Watertown. 
He practiced at Watertown till about 1828, when he removed to 
Illinois, where he was land agent, lawyer, merchant and farmer at 
Commerce, the j)lace where the Mormons located in 1838 and 
changed the name to Xauvoo. lie died there September 3, 1834. 

SpivNCKr I)a\Tox, born in Winchester in 1820, and admitted to 
the Bar in 1840. Resides in Philii)]^. W. \'a. 

Gli.nERT Dk.\x. born in Dutchess Count}', X. W in i8i(j. C.radu- 
ated at Yale College in 1841. Admitted to the in 1842. Died 
in Poughkeei)sie, X. ^'. in 1870. 

Lke V. Dka.v, born in Canaan October 18. 1838. Admitted tc 
the Bar in 1804. In i88f) he removed to Bridgeport, where he now 
resides engaged in other piu-suits. 

240 i.ri"(.iii"ii:i.i) corxTv i!i:\(,ii and i;.\r 

Eugene C. Dempsev. born in Barkhaiuskd Januarv 7. 1864. ad- 
mitted to the l)ar in 1886. Located in l)an1)ur\, where he now 

Ji:ki:.m lAii W . ni:.\Ti:K, a nali\-e nf Salisl)nry. ser\-ed in ilie war 
of the rebenit)n and was admiUed to the liar in \^()(). Located and 
resides at W'averly. X. '\'. 

\\ ii.i.iA.M J'*.. DiiKixsox, was liorn in Xew \'ork C\[y Ma\' 30, 
1824. l)nt came to Litcliheld wlien a child. lie was admitted to tliis 
Bar in 1846. Located and i)racticed at Stoninqton, Conn., until 
1850, when he removed to the Lake Sn])erior regions and was en- 
t^aged in important mining- oj^erations. Snhsetinently he went tc^ 
Cuba in the same bnsmess an<l wdiile there had cliarge of 1)nil(hng- 
the Daicjuria i'ier for loachng- ore. the same jiier used 1)\' the Lnited 
States to unload troops during the Spanish-American War. He 
then removed to Wisconsin wliere he was District Attorney of 
Florence County tV)r a number of years. Lie died at Florence, Wis., 
June 15. 1899. 

\\'jlK.\T()X F. Down, born in Xew liartford. August 2T, 1867. 
Graduated at Yale Law School in 1894 and was admitted to this 
Bar the same }"ear, and was appointetl Assistant Clerk of the 
Superior Court. In 1901, after the decease of William F. Hurlburt, 
he was a])]:)ointed Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas for Litch- 
field County wdiich office he has since held. Lie resides in Winsted. 

Theodore W\ Dowxs was admitted to this liar in 1870 from 
Bridg'eport. The following is taken from a llridgeport paj^er of 
September 24tli, 1907, "Former Consul dead. Theodore Waldren 
Dow^ns former L^nited States Consul to Quebec and prominent in 
national Democratic politics, died at his home in this city yesterday 
after a sickness of about seven weeks following a sh(Kd\." 

Wii.i.iA.M Dkixkw A'ri'.i^ came to .\ew Milford about 1730 from 
Ridgefield and for nearly thirty years was a prominent man there 
and was in the practice of law in 1753. He died in 1758. 

I)axii{i. Dixi'.Ak, was a nati\'e of I'Kniouth. admitted to this 
l)ar in 1798. Located and practiced in llerlin, Conn., 1803 to 1841. 

Mii.i'.S Dl'XH.xk, was a native of IMymoiUh but was admitted to 
this bar in 1810 as from Sharon. The histor\ of i-dlsworth a ]iart 
of till' town of Sharon gives this notice nf him. "( )ur tirst Dunbar 
was hardly representative of the household, for he came and went 
more like a comet than the staid and ])lanetary bodies since re]:)resen- 
tative. 'i'hat was Miles Dunbar of rbinouth. Conn., lawwr, nnisic 
teacher and jack-at-all-trades. .Vhout 1812 he de])arte(l from 

wilK\T()\ I". iK)\\n. 

i;|()C,l< AI'll UAI, NdTl'.S 241 

1 1 i;\m .M.I )ri"i'()N . was a sdii of iv\-( iiactiidi- and j inline- 1 )iill<m 
(who was born in I .itchticld ) . and practiced law in l^ilclilicld in iSfn 
with his uncle I lcnr\ 15. Craves, Ks(|. r])on the hreakini^ out of the 
war he entered the service of ]ii> countrx and received a coniniissitjn 
as Lieutenanl in the 5th C'onneclicnl Infanlry. and was killed in 
the battle of I'eilar .Mountain, \ a.. .\n.L;usi (;tli, iHC)2. 

kii'cs 1{.\ST.M.\.\, admitted to the I'.ar in \J^)(> from \\'asliin,^ton. 

D.wii) l'"i).M IXDS, admitted to the I'.ar in iSoft from .Xewtown. 

Ogdk.n Kdwards, born in 1781, a student of the Law School in 
1801, admitted to the liar in 1802 as from New Haven. He re- 
moved to Xew York where he was a prominent man and a learl- 
ing- attorney for many years; a Judge of the Superior Court, Sur- 
rogate, etc. 

Fki:i)i;khk Eggi.KSTox. admitted in 1834 from Cronuvall. 

.\.\Tii \Nii;i. W. lu.i)Ri:iH-,i:, admitted in iSii from Salisbury. 

foiix l",i,M<iui:. was a son of Col. Samuel Elmer of Revolution- 
ary' war fame, and born in Sharon. Settled in Canaan in 1793 and 
died in that town December 10th, 1849, aged 84 years. 

joiix Hi..\iOKK, Jr., was admitted tt) the in \H\() from Canaan. 
Iledied at East Canaan, June i2tli, 1857, in his f)5th year. See 
Warner's Reminisences. 

Hkxkv Loo-Mis Ei.LSWoRTir was a son of Chief Justice Oliver 
Ellsworth, and after studying with Judge Reeve in the Law School, 
he was admitted to this War in 1812 from Windsor. After a prac- 
tice in Hartford he was appointed Commissioner of Indian affairs 
under President Jackson. He was also Commissioner of Patents 
for ten years. He died in 1858. 

Wii.i.i.\.M H. Ely, admitted to the Hartford in 1879, but 
located at Winsted and then removed to Xew Haven, where he now 
resides and has a large ]^ractice. 

].\M]-:s Exsicx. born in Canaan I'ebruary 2, 1819. graduated at 
Yafe 1842, and admitted to this I'.ar in 1848. from Canaan. He 
practiced law but a .short time when he engaged in farming. He 
died in Salisbury. February 3, 1883. 

Fraxk W. Etiieridck, of Thomaston. w^as born in ^^ontville in 
1858. He was educated at the Hartford High School and jnirsued 
his law studies with the late firm of Johnson i.\: Prentice, of Hartford, 
being admitted to the Bar in 1880' He settled in Thomaston and 
has held a number of town offices. He has been Judee of Probate 
since 1890. In 1896 he was appointed Health Officer for the 
County which office he has since held. He was a member of the 
last Constitutional Convention. He is also the i)ublis]ier and editor 
of the Thomaston Express, a weekly newspaper. 


i.iiTii i"ii;i.i) c'orxTN" i;i:.\i'ii and i;ar 

William W. I'J.lswok'lii 
was horn in Windsor in 1781, 
llu' ihird son of ( )liver Ells- 
worth, the second Chief Jus- 
tice of the United States, 
s^raduatcd at Vale in 1810, 
studied 1 a w w i I li Judi^'c 
Reeve and was admitted to 
this liar in 1813, and l)e52^an 
his practice in Hartford, 
where he died January 15th, 
i8f)8. lie was a niemher of 
Coni^ress five \ears ; Gover- 
nor of the State four years ; 
a judg-e of the Superior Court 
and the Su])reme Court four- 
teen years. Rufus Choate 
said of him "If the land of 
the Shermans and Griswolds, 
and Daj^'i^etts and W'illiamses 
— rich as she is in learning" 
and virtue — has a sounder 
lawyer, a more ujiright mag- 
istrate, or an honester man 
in her jnihlic service, I know 
not his name." (See obitu- 
ary in ,^4tli. Conn.) 

DaniKl EvErKT'i", horn in lietlilem in 1748, and beg'an practice 

of law in New Mil ford in 1772, where lie 1 
1805. (See Hoardman's Sketclies. ) 

esided until his death in 

SiiivK.M.x.x I'A I'.ui'.TT, was admitted to this liar in 1801 as from 
Cornwall, lie seems however, to belong" to Sharon, where he was 
born A])ril 20, 1781, li\ed there and died ( )ctober 5, 1870. The 
Ellsworth llistor\" says, "The major became captain of militia was 
early sent to the legislature, surveyed almost e\er\ bit of this town, 
and much of other towns, was a justice of no mean record, rose to 
the rank of major in the war of i8ij, was treasurer of this ( l{lls- 
worth ) societv, commissioner of tlie common land and founder of 
the lilirary which now bears liis name. 

John R. 1v\kna.\i. was admitted to this I'.ar in 1871. ])racticed 
a short time at bitchf'ield and also i)ul)Iished tlie Litchtielil Sentinel. 
In 1877 he located in l)anbui"y, (.'onn.. Irom whence he removed in 
1884 to Washington, I). C. 

-Amos 11. Iv\u\s\\ ou'iii. was admilliMl to this in i84(j. 

i;i(m;k Ai'ii It \i. xoTi'.s 243 

AiJCi^STi'S 11. 1m:n.\, l)()ni in I '!> iiinuili January iS. 1X44. In 
the Civil War lie s'^iintHJ Ihc rank of Major of the 211(1 (.'onn. Heavy 
Artillery. .\t the battle of C'edar Creek lie was \vonn<lc<l and .suf- 
fered the amputation of lii^ ri-ht arm at the- >-houl(U'r. lie was 
a i,n-aduate of Harvard Law Sehool and was admitted to this liar in 
iSr)7 and he,q-an his i)ractiee at I'lymouth renioviiii.;- to Waterhnry 
and thenee to Winsted at wliieli i)laee he resided at his death, Se])- 
teniber 12. 1.S97. In 1887 he was eleeted Jwh^c of the Sui)erior 
Court, and in 1893 he was i)romoted to the Supreme Court ot 
Krrors. (See his obituary in \ ol. t)j. C'onn. ) 

The following;- tribute to Judi^e lu-nn was i^ivtn 1)\ his assoeiate 
Iudi,'-c David Torrance at the Annual Meeting- of ilu' Army and .\avy 
Club in 1898: 

"I trust, that vou will pardon nic if 1 say a few words about him 
who was my friend and comi)anion for some \ears in the hiti^-hest 
court of this state, whom all of you know and loved, and who. when 
he (lied was the honored president of this club. 

The best les^-aey that a man can leave to his childrt'U and U> liis 
fellow men, is the inspiring- examjile of a well s])ent life : a clean life. 
nobly lived for noble ends. Hai)py the man who dyin,^- leaves be- 
hind him the record of such a life; and to the full measure of such 
felicity, as far as human facilit\- will i)enuit, m\ friend and yours 

His war record, young- as he was, is as brilliant as it is inspiring-. 
Entering- the army in July, i8()2, when he was eighteen years old, 
as a member of the gallant Second Connecticut Heavy .\rtillery. he 
served with distinction as lieutenant, as caotain. as brevet major 
and brevet lieutenant-colonel, till the close of the war and after. 

When wounded and disablrd by the loss of his arm at Cedar 
Crcek in 1864 he refused to be discharged and reported for duty 
within seven weeks after he was wounded. Mo^t men would have 
regarded the loss of a good right arm as sacrifice enough for one s 
coiuitry. but our comrade, in this respect, as in sonie others, was not 
like most men. Since the war what a busy useful life he led. as 
student, as lawyer, as the trusted judge of pn^bate for years in IMy- 
mouth and Winchester, as meml)er of the Legislature, as member 
of important con-imittees for the revisinn of our laws, as an^active 
participant in ])oliiical contests, as lecturer in the N'ale Law School, 
as the eloquent orator on Memorial Days, and at (u-and .\rmy meet- 
ings innumerable, as the trusted friend, the wise counsellor, and 
burden bearer, in local matters and affairs, and finally as judg-e of 
the superior court and of the supreme court of errors of this state. 
What a deal of work he crowded into his tiftv-four years of life. 
What a useful life it was to his countr\ and to his fellow men ! How 
unselfishly and unstinte<llt- he gave Ivmself to all things that tended 
to hell) men and make them better citizens, and in the midst of all 
its stir and activitv and storm and stress, what a clean and noble life 

244 i.iTcMi i-ii:i.i) ^■()^■^■T^■ i'.i;\fii wn 

it was! Ik' was llic architect of liis owii lnrtuiu'S. .\l)(>iii all he 
inherited from the past was the hlood of a vii^'orotis ancestry, l)Ut 
blood will tell, and in hiiu il made the desert of adverse circtun- 
stances the very vantaj^e i^'ronnd of snceeess, and caused its barren 
wastes to blossom as the rose. 

lb' was successful because he merited success, lie won his 
promotions in the arm\-. without the aid of inlbiential frii'uds. by 
sheer force of character, by his bravery, and his ])ro\-ed illness to 
fill every position {o which he was assii^netl. 

In civil life he attained i)osition and inlluence by his sterling" 
integritv and his own unaided abilitw Me worthily filled every of- 
fice he ever held, and worthily fidhlled every one of the many trusts 
that were reposed in him. His was on the whole a sticcessful life, 
in a hi^ii sense a joyous victorious life, and now that death has ptit 
a. ])eriod to it, while _\et the infirmities of old ag'e were afar ofT, 
he may, with the wise old Greek, call it a happy life, worthily ended." 

Hi-LJoTT J. Im'.xx, w^as born in I'lymouth Se]:)tember i. 1855, and 
studied law with .Augustus H. Fenn in Plymouth, and was admitted 
to this liar in 1874. He began ])ractice in \\'aterbur\ in 1875, and 
died there in il 

P'ui'.Di'.KicK J. Fkxx, w'as a native of W'ashington, Conn., but was 
admitted to this I'ar in 1821 as from Canaan. He removed to 
Harrisburg, Penn. 

Lixus Fexx, was a native of Plvmouth and studied with Judge 
Reeve and was admitted to jiractice in 1794 and persued his pro- 
fession in his native town. He died in 1852. 

C.i':oi<('.i". L. Fiia.o, was liorn in W'atertown December 4, 1828. 
He studied law with John W. Webster in Waterbury, and was ad- 
mitted to this l>ar in 1856, and after a brief practice in W'atertown 
he opened his office in Waterbury. He was one of the earlier 
Judges of the city court, and also the ATayor of the cit\". During 
the last few years of his life he was totalK' blind, lie died in 
\\'atertown. October 22, 1879. 

John a. 1m)oti:. was admitted to this P>ar in 1825, having at- 
tended the Paw School. The following" taken from Howe's His- 
torical Collections of ( )hio, is of interest regarding Afr. Foote : 

■".Much gralilicalion was derix't'd at this lime in Cleveland l)y 
.a call u])oii Mr. John A. l'"ooie, an old law\er an octogenarian, of 
whom I had all m\ life heard but ne\-er met tnitil now. He was 
a l)rother of Aihniral h'ooic and a son of that (^lovernor Foote of 
Connecticut who introduced a resolution, historicall\' known as 
'Foote's Resolution' which led to the debate between Daniel Web- 
ster and .Mr. Ila\iu', of South Carolina. * 

'".Mr. h'oolt' lirst came hei'e from Cheshire. C( MUU'cticut. in the 
summer of i8_:^3, and was for \ears a mi,'mber of the eininenl law lirni 

].i()c.K.\riiu'.\r, .\()'ri:s 245 

of Andrews, Footc \' llnyi. \\v was l)oni in iSo^ on the site of 
the Tontine Hotel in New lla\i.ii, luit his hcjnie at ilic time of leav- 
ing^ was in Cheshire. That town was overwhehiiinp^Iy Democratic, 
and he was a Whii;-, l)nl as {\]c State Lcj^^islattnT was in session 
hul Tor a lew weeks his lownsnien irrespective of politics fj^ave him 
and a .Mr. I'"dward A. Cornwall, prior to their dc])arlnrc for tlu- 
distant wilds of ( )hio. as a i)ai-(inL;- eomplinienl the ])ri\-iU-,L;e oi 
rejiresentini;- them in that hodw v'^o they went down to Hartford 
and passed a few weeks ])leasantly amoni^- the 'Shad Haters' as in 
the htimorous parlace of the time the members were called, from 
the fact that they met in May, the season of shad-catchini;- in the 

"The year iBcS^ came around when Foote and Cornwall, after a 
lapse of fifty years, in company visited the Le.c^islature of Connecti- 
cut at Hartford and were received with g-reat eclat. 

"The House passed some com])limentary resolutions, signed by 
the speaker (Charles H. I'ine) and by the clerk (Donald II. Per- 
kins ) expressive of their hi^h ^ratification. 'Passed Februar_\- 22. 
l8(S3. Washing-ton's birtlidaw' These Mr. Foote with commend- 
able ])ride pointed otit to me framed on his parlor wall." 

Fj'.KNivziiR FooTi:, was born in \\'atertown (then W'estburx) 
Julv (), 1773. Studied law at jud.^e Reeve's school and was ad- 
mitted to the Bar in 1796. He located at Lansingburgh, X. '^'., and 
with the increase of his business moved to Troy and later to .Albany. 
He was one of the leading attorneys of the state, an active and in- 
fiuential politician. He was the founder and promoter of the cele- 
brated Albany Female Academy. He died July _' i . 1814, at Troy, 
New York. 

jAiiiii) B. FosTiCk, born in Albany, X. ^'.. 1820, was admitted to 
this Bar in 1848 and located and practiced in Xew Hartford until 
his death in March 3, 1895. He held many town offices and was 
judge of the District Court for Litchfield County for the term of 
three years. He w^as a very bright man and a witt\- lawyer and 
a great many pleasant stories and recollections are told of his prac- 
tice. (See picture, ])age 107.) 

Walter S. Fraxkux, born in Lancaster, Penn. in 1799. Stud- 
ied at the Litchfield Law School and was admitted to this P>ar in 
1820 and practiced law in York, Penn. He was Clerk of the House 
of Representatives in Washington. D. C. from December 2, 1833 to 
his death September 20, 1838. Major Ceneral Wm. 1'.. l-'ranklin 
was one of his sons. 

GeoroI'; A. Frice.aiax was born in ISoscowen, X. 11. in ii<j(K fit- 
ted for College at Phillips Academy, Andover, graduated at Yale 
Scientific School in t8()7, studied law with Huntington c<- \\'arner, 
and w^as admitted to the I'ar in hjoi. Mr. iM-eeman resides and 
practices in Waterbury. 

24() i.n\'ii i'ii;i.n corx'i'N' r.i'.xcii and har 

SwiiKi. 1''kisi'.ii:, adniiltod to tin- in iSii from WakThiirv, 
wIktc 1k' practiced a few years and then ienio\ed to Indiana. 

1Ii;nkn I. i'"i i.i.i.K, admitted in iS4() from Kent and removed to 
the Slate of New \nvk. 

I i:rom I-: h'l i,i,i;k, a(hniited in 1S3-' from Kent. 

kii-is h'li.i.i'lK, l)()rn in I'lymonth in iSio. i^rathiatetl at Union 
College in 1S35, was achnitted to this I'.ar in 1836, located in Kent. 
\vhere he practiced his profession for a (piarter of a century, and 
retired therefrom in consecpience of id heaUh. 

h'l.oKiMoM) 1). I'\i.i';i^ l)orn in 'l'orrini;1on in 1S34, i^'raduatcd 
at \'ale Law School in j8f)0. admitted to this liar in 1864, located 
at W'insted. was a judge of the District Court for Litchfield County, 
1878-1882. Returned to Torrington, and from ill health (|uit hi.^ 
])ractice and hecame extensively eng"ag-ed in the poultry business on 
lus ancestral home, where he died after a protracted illness, August 
22, i'j05. 

h'KilDKKUK Ci.\N[.()Ri), admitted to the Lar in 1853 from Croshen. 

A.MMi CiiDDi NCS. born at vSherman, Conn., in 1822 and graduated 
at Yale Law School and was admitted to this liar in 1849. ^^ 
])ractice(l at Plymouth until i866, when he removed to Kalamazoo, 
Mich., returning to Connecticut in 1872. He died at his birth-place, 
Februar\- 13, 1882. 

\'.\\ Ri:.\sSA]..\KK C. CiUJDiNC.s, born in Xew Mil ford in 1833 and 
after attending Yale Law School was admitted to this Bar in 1861. 
After practicing in this County a while he removed to l^)ridge]iort 
in 1869 and was the City Attorney for Lridgeport. 

L\.MKS !'. Cii.N NX, a native of Winsted was admitted to this liar 
in i8()5. Practices in Winsted and was for some years the Town 
Clerk of Winchester, and also Prosecuting- Attorney of the Town 
Court. In KjOi was ai)])ointed b\- President Roosevelt, Postmaster 
of \\'insted. which office he now holds. 

Cii-.oKCi". R. Cioi.i). admitted to the Lar in i85() from C'ornwall 
and removed to Michigan. 

'i'iio.M.xs i\. C.oi.i). born in Cornwall in i7'^>4, graduated at Yale 
College in 178^), admitted to tiiis in 1788 and removed to Cen- 
tral .\\w ^'ork. where he held a leading position as a lawyer. Was 
a membt'r of Congress for twent\' years, lie died in ^F<2y. 

J.\.\ll-;s Cioii.i), born in lira.nford. C'onn. 1 )ecember S. ^77^'>' gi'ad- 
uated at \'ale ColU'ge in lynS- attt'uded the Litchtield Law School 
and was admitted to this Lar in 17(^8. lie assisted judge Reeve 
in the Law Sidiool ;md after the retirem^'Ut of judge Reeve con- 
ducted it himself until its close in 1833. Me died in Litchfield ATay 

I'.ioc.KAriiic Ai. \oTi':s 247 

II, iS^.S. lie was a lud-c nl" tlu' SupriMin' C'Murt of luTors, and 
iiulhor" of C.ould's I'k'adin.^s. published in i.S^j. (Sec IJoard'nan 
and Sc'dii'wick Skelclics. ) 

[a.mi-'.s K I'. I'A I', (itni.n. a son of janu's l)orn in Littdiru'ld Xovfiu- 
bcrJ, iS();v Graduated at \-d\v C'ollc.^i' in 1.S24, was adniilU-d to 
this in 1826. and removed to .\ni;usta. (ie;)rL;ia, where lie (\w(\ 
( )etol!er 1 1 . iS.^fX 

Gkoki.i: Col I.I), a son of James horn in Litchfield Scptemhcr 2. 
1807, admitted to this liar in 1829. Removed to Troy, X. Y., where 
he died Fehruary 11. 1868. He liad heen Mayor of Troy and a 
justice of the Su]ireme Court of Xew ^■ork from 1855 to i8<')3. 

W'li.i.i AM TracA' Col i.D, anotlier son of James and horn Octoher 
25. I7«j(), .graduated at \ale ColleL;e in 1816. and admitted to this 
ifar in 1820. He removed to Aus^usta. Georgia, where he became a 
distinguishecl Judge and prominent citizen. Died July, 1882. 

Hira.m (iOodwin, ])orn in Xew Hartford May 5. 1808, admitted 
to the Bar in 1830. Located at Kiverton in the town of liarkhani- 
sted. Was a Judge of the Litchfield County Court 1851 to 1855. 
Died Fehruarv 5, 1885. His obituar\ is in 52(1 Comi, l\C])orts. 

Lvmax Graxcer, admitted to the liar in 1821. He was a native 
of Salisbury or Canaan, and graduated at L'nion College in 1820. 
After a short practice in Salisbury he removed to Rutland, Ver- 
mont and associated with Moses Strong, having a large law practice. 
He died in 1839. 

Elijah Piiklps Grant, horn in Xorfolk. 1808. Practiced in 
Winsted in 1835 and 183^). when he removed to Canton, Ohio, where 
h.e died December 21. 1874. 

Friend Grant, born in Litchfield September 14, 1740. Gradu- 
ated at Yale 1761. and practiced in Litchfield a year or two, and 
died in 1764. 

Miles Tobey was born August 12, 1817 in Xew 
Marlboro. Mass. By his own exertions as a farmer boy and at 
country school teaching he graduated at Wesleyan College at 
?^Iiddletown in 1842. The next year he went to Louisana as a fam- 
ily teacher and began studying law and was admitted in that State 
in 1845. Returning to the North he was admitted the same year 
to this I'ar. and soon located in Xorth Canaan, making tint his 
residence, until his decease October 21. i8(;5. 

Judge Granger was a Democrat in his ])olitical views, and in 1857 
represented his town in the General Assembly, and in 1867 and 
1868 he was State Senator from his district and chairman of the 
Judiciary Committee, and was ai)pointe(l a Jud,gc of the Suwrior 
Court. Tn 1876 he was advanced to the Su]-»reme Court of h>rors 

24^^ i.ri\iii'iKi.i> corxTv hkncii and war 

which office he held until 1887, when he resi^^ned to accept an 
election to Conij^ress. In 1893 he was appointed a State Referee, 
which position he held at the time of his death. 

Bro. Hickox in his obituary of Judge Granger published in the 
66th Conn. Reports, ends with a sentence with which every mem- 
ber of the Bar fully concurred. ".\ grave, honest, shrewd man, he 
inspired contidence and respect, while his sense, wit and kindly 
nature won him general esteem, and his loyaltw many lasting 
friends." (Picture on ])age 156.) 

lll■:.\K^• r.. (u^.wi'S, born in Sherman, Conn, in 1822 and admitted 
to this Bar in 1845. ^^ began his ])ractice in Plymouth, but after 
a couple of years removed to Litchfield where he had for more than 
forty years a large and lucrative i)ractice. frequently representing 
the town in the (leneral Assembly. The Judicial History says of 
lum, "He was a typical lawyer of the old school. In figure he was 
tall, handsome and striking. He had great keenness of preception, 
s])lendid capacities for analyis and was a compact and logical 
thinker. He was a man of most kindly feelings warm and ardent 
in his friendships, generous and helpful to all and never vindictive 
even to his opponents." He died in Litchfield August 10, 1891. 
Obituary in 60 Conn. Reports. Picture, page 152. 

Cj. W. Griswold. was in jiractice in Winchester in 183 1, but 
was not admitted at this Bar. 

FrkdKRick Gunn, admitted in 1813 from Xew Milford. Died 
in Xew Milford November Zji^, 1852, aged 65. 

Warren W. Gutiirik, admitted to this Bar in 1855, began prac- 
tice in Seymour, Conn., but in 1856 removed to AlJ<inson, Kan., 
and was Attorney General of Kansas for a number of years. 

Natii.\n Halk, was an Attorney at Sharon in 1777 and an as- 
sistant Judge of the County Court for eighteen years. 

BExjAiMiN Hai.i,, admitted to this Bar in 1797. 

Elanatiian S. Hai.i.. admitted in 1846 from l^'airfield Ccnuity. 

GiDKox il.M.i,, born in Winchester May T. 1808, graduated at 
Litchfield Law School and was admitted to the luir in 1832. He 
always resided in Winsted and had a large ])ractice until 1866, when 
lie was ap])ointed a Judge of the Sui)erior Court, which office he 
held at the time of his death December 8. 18^)7. (See Warner's 
Reminiscences.) Picture. i)age 113. 

RoiUvRT Iv IIai.i, was bum in .Morris. C'onn. in 1858. graduated 
at Yale Law St-lioo] in i,SS2 and was admitled to tlie Par in New 
Haven County, has ])ractic(.'d ])rincipa]ly in W'aterlxu'y. Is not now 
in practice. 


Jacoi! ]». ITakdi.M'.i Ki.ii, Ixini in New York State in 1833, was 
admitted to [hv I'.ar in 1S54 and i)ractice(l at Kinjij^ston. In the war 
of the rel)elli()n Ik- served nearl\ five years and was Colonel of tlie 
80th N. Y. \'ol.-. In iS(^)7 lie located at \orth Canaan takinj^ Judge 
(iranger's ])ractice. In 1SS3 he \\a> appointed Connty Coroner 
which office he held at the lime of his dealh, .\])ril 4, i.S(j2. 

JOHN llAi<ri;i<, adniilled to this I'.ar from W'insted in 1<S5(^. He 
removed South and located at Alpalechicola, l'"la. ahout 185 1. He 
was an officer in the C'oiifederate service dnriniL;- the rehellion. 

Iri.iis r>. IIakkison. was horn in Cornwall in iSi(>, was ad- 
mitted to this in 184^:; and located at Xew Milford. Was State 
Attornev in \^=^2 and died in Xew Milford ( )ctoher 10, 1854, a.^'ed 
35 years. 

Ah)SKS IIaTc-m was horn in Kent in 1780, .c^-raduated at ^'a!e in 
1800. admitted to this I'.ar in 1802, settled in l)anhur_\- where he 
died in 1820. 

CiiAKLKS R. Hathaway, a native of Winchester. Admitted to 
this in 1880, now in i)ractice in Manchester, Conn. Is now the 
Record C'ommissioner of C'onnecticut. 

Wii.i.iA.M llA\vl.l^^•. horn in Redding-, Conn, gradnated at Yale 
College in 1780, was admitted to this in 1791 ; he removed from 
Fairfiekl County in 1798 to Woodhnry. and soon thereafter al)an- 
doned his leg'al practice for mercantile pursuits. 

CiiART.i'.s GoKiJox H.wiCS. eldest sou of the Rev. (jordon Hayes, 
horn in Washington, Conn. January 20. 1830. Graduated at Yale 
in 1851. Admitted to this Bar in 1855. Removed to Rock Island, 
111., and to ]Muscatine, Iowa. Died at DesMoines, Iowa, April 
8, 1878. 

Louis M. He:\iixavav was born in Watertown in 1875. Was 
fitted for College at the Cheltingham ^Military Academy, graduated 
at Lafayette College in 1896 and at the Law School of the Univer- 
sity of \'irginia in 1899 and admitted to this Bar in the following 
}ear. He is largely engaged in the hotel husiness. 

Joshua Hexsh.xw, was admitted to this in 1797. from New 

Phii.o ^I. Hk.\cocks, horn Fehruary 8, 1784. admitted to the 
in 1810, and practiced in Xew Milford mitil his death .\pril 20, 1825. 

Sami'KL a. Hkrmax. born in Canaan 1855. and was admitted 
to this Bar in 1878. He located at Winsted in company with the 
late Judge Fenn. and they had a large and lucrative practice. He 
has attended strictly to his profession, doing very little non-pro- 


1. 1 •rem 

l.D COIN r\' l'.i;Nt"ll AM) l;A.'v 

fcssional work, lie was Slate Scnatm- in 1897. He was an active 
priHiiDter of the Tdrrin^ton dv Winchester Electric Road, and its 
Secretar\-. lie resitles at his farm residence in the town of Tor- 
ring'ton, but continues his practice at Winsted. 

(iiX)Kc,i'; A. HicKox 
was born in Washing- 
ton in 1830, grackiatcd 
at Trinity College in 

185T, was admitted to 
tliis liar in 1853 and 
located at Litchfield. 
In 1866 he ])urchased 
the Litchfield l{n(|uir- 
er, which he ])ublish- 
ed for a quarter of a 
century, editing i t 
with marked ability 
and profound scholar- 

In 1895 he rcmov- 
e (1 t o his ancestral 
liome at Washingfton, 
where he died, June 
6, 1903. 

RlCllAKD T. HiG- 
Gixs was born in 
Washington in 1865, 
was educated at St. 
Francis College, 
J Brooklyn. New York. 
Studied law w i t h 
Hon. James Hunting- 
ton of Woodbury and 
in \\'insted and has for 
(See Coroner page ir)5.) 

I)KRX.\Ki) E. Hic.ciNS. born in Woodbury January 31, 1872, ad- 
mitted to the I>ar June, 18(^7. Resides and practices in Torrington, 
Cf)nn. Was ilorough Clerk for three years. Is now (1907) i'rose- 
cuting Attorney for the town. 

llo.MKK JliNK was admitted to the Lar in 1800 from Xew Milford. 

C*iiAi<i.i;s W. IIixMAN, l)orn in Southbury in 1829. admitted in 
1853. Ik'fore he had begun to practice he received an appointment 
as one of the librarians of Congress and removed to Washington, 
D. C. 

Edward IIinman was born in Southbury. then a part of Wood- 



admitted to this liar in i8(jo. Resides 
several years been the Count v Coroner. 



burv in 1740 and iiracliccd in Soiulibury. lie was familiarly 
known as Lawyer W-il. I Ic is said to have been a very aide lawyer. 
He was vcrv coriiilent man. wei^hinq,- sDniethini; over luur hundred 

Ror.ixsox S. lliXM.w was horn in Snulh I'.ritain in iSoi. Was 
admitted to this liar in 1825. In 1.S27 he removed U> Llica, X. \., 
l)Ut returned to Connecticut in 1828 and was appointed Clerk of the 
vSuperior Court for Xew Haven County in 1831, holdin.L^- thai office 
seven years. He died in Xew Haven in 1843. 

RoNAi, K. 11 1 N.MAN was horn in Soulhhury, graduated at Yale 
Collei;-e in 1804 and was admitted to i)ractice in 1811 and i)racticcd 
for twentv vears at Roxhury. In 1835 he was elected Secretary of 
State and held that office for seven years. lie was lar.c^ady en- 
g-aged in conipilin.g- and iniblishin.^- matters relatini^- to the early 
history of the State, and in other historical and i;-enealo,o-ical labors. 
He subsequently removed to Xew York Cit\-. 

Si.MKox 11 IX. MAX, -raduated at Yale Colle.i^e in 1784. was ad- 
mitted to this Bar in 1790 and ens^a.^ed in his profession in S(nith- 
bury, where he died in 1825. 

RoLAXi) Hitchcock, one of the Judges of the Superior Court, 
was a native of Burlington in Hartford County. He was admitted 
to this Bar in 1844 and located in Winsted. where he died on April 
28th. 1889. ricture, page 114. 

The following was published at the time of his death : 
"Roland Hitchcock, ex-judge of the Superior Court, died Sun- 
day afternoon at his residence in Winsted, aged 66. He was a 
native of Burlington and wrote the history of that town for the 
Memorial Historv of Hartford County. He studied law with Lieu- 
tenant-Governor 'Holabird in Winsted. which town he afterward 
made his residence. He was clerk of the House of Representatives 
in 1852 and 1853, postmaster from 1853 to 1861. and judge of pro- 
bate six terms. He was appointed on the Superior Court bench in 
1874, by Governor Ingersoll, and served until 1882. His last pub- 
lic service was as representative from Winchester in 1883. when he 
served on the judiciary committee. Since that time he has been en- 
gaged in the practice of law in Winsted." 

Elkaxah H. Hoi)C.i:s was born in Torrington in 1812 and was 
admitted to this Bar in 1837. He was one of the pioneers of Cali- 
fornia and died in that State in 1862. 

W'liJJAM S. Hoi. AiuKi) was born in Canaan in 1794 and attended 
the Litchfield Law School. Was admitted to this Bar in 18 16 and 
commenced his practice in Colebrook, removing to \\'insted in 1824. 
He was District Attornev under President Jackson's administration. 
In 1842 and 1844 he was Lieutenant Governor of this State. Died 
Mav 22, 1855. 

252 i.iTciri'ii-r.D couxTv bkncit and r.AR 

]\rAUcrs H. ll()iAX).AiH was born in Xcw Jlartford, Litchfield 
County Xovenibcr 28, 1844. He received liis lii_<;lier education at 
Wesleyan Academy and studied law with Uk- late Juds^e Jared B. 
Foster, lie was admitted to the Litchtield County I'.ar in 1871 and 
soon after remoxed to Southiuf^ton, where he has since resided. 
He has been juds^e of Probate for more than thirty years and Treas- 
urer of the County of Hartford since 1893 : a Commissioner of the 
State Police since its creation ; was a member of the Constitutional 
Convention in 1902 ; he has been re])resentative and senator several 
times in the (^jcneral Assembly and was unanimousK- elected speaker 
tiue term. He holds many offices ot' trust and res])onsibility in 
Southington and is closely identified with all its business interests. 
Is now the Attorney Ceneral of Connecticut. (Sec j^age iC)/.) 

W'ai.tkr IIoLCo.Mi:. born in New Hartford October 13, 1853. 
Admitted to this liar in 1881, removed to St. Paul, Alinn.. where he 
practiced until 1896 he then returned to Connecticut and located in 
Torrington, where he now resides. Is Judge of the P)Orough Court. 

D.wiD F. HoMJSTKR, born in Washington March 31, 1826, grad- 
uated at Yale in 1851 and was admitted to the Bar the same year. 
He commenced practice in Salisbury, removing in 1854 to Bridge- 
port, where he resided and died A lay 4, 1906. He held the office 
01 Collector of Internal Revenue for Connecticut a number of years. 
The lollowing notice is from the Bridgeport Standard : 

The death of the Hon. David F. Hollister removes another of 
the older citizens of Bridgeport who had been a prominent factor 
in its development and in all the reputable and admirable elements 
of its progress. j\Ir. Hollister distinguished himself by his probity 
and ability in every station which he filled and as a government 
official, occupying an important place for many years he made a 
record that is hardly paralleled in that department for accuracy, 
efficiency and thoroughness. As a citizen he answered every obli- 
gation ; as a professional man he was honorable and able and in 
every walk in life he set an example to be emulated. He lived a 
long and useful life and he leaves a memory to be cherished with 
affection and res])ecl by all who were associated with him. 

JoTiy B. Hoi.i.iSTKR. born in Pitchfield in 1860, the only son of 
Gideon H. Hollister; w^as admitted to the liar in 1884. Has never 

Joiix M. Hoi.iA', born in Salisbin-y and graduated from Yale Col- 
lege in 1820 and was admitted to this liar in 1824. lie removed to 
western New York, became a member of Congress and died in 
Florida while holding that position. 

Gkorc.i: B. Hoi.'i". jjorn in .\orfolk in 1 7g(). attended the Pitch- 
field Law School and was admitted to practice in 1812 and removed 
to Dayton, Ohio in 1818, where he became a \er\- prominent man 

lilOC.KAIMIUAr, N()Ti:S 


in tlu' prdsc'cutiin of its s_\stnii of internal iini)rovcnients. I Ir was 
ludge of the Circuit Court (.1 ( )Inu and its I'residcnt Judj^c for 
fourteen years. 

celebrations and anniversary occasions. In 

History of Connecticut in two lari;e volumes 

field ]\iarch 21, 1881. His obituary is in \'ol. 48. Conn. Rejwrts. 

C.ll)i;oN 1 1. I bd.I.IS- 
Tia<, Ijorn in \\'asbin<.^- 
lon in 1S17, and <.;;rad- 
uatc'd from Vale Col- 
lege in 1S40, and was 
admitted to this I'ar 
in 1842. and soon 
after located in Litch- 
field, but has resided 
and ]iracticed at var- 
ious times in other 
places. I le was Clerk 
of the Courts 1844 to 

1845. '^'I'l '''"'"" '^47 
to 1850. L'nder Pres- 
ident Andrew John- 
son he was the United 
States Minister to 
Hayti. He is best 
kniiwii of from his 
literar\ work, Ijcing' 
author of several His- 
torical novels a n d 
])lays. He was sin- 
gularly gifted in mak- 
ing and delivering 
addresses on public 
1855 he i)ublished the 
He died at Litch- 

UriEl Holmks, born in Hartland in 1765, graduated at Yale in 
1784 was admitted to the Bar and located at Litchfield. He was 
State Attorney from 1807 to 1814. A member of the General As- 
sembly from Litchfield nine times : Judge of the County Court from 
1814 to 1817: a member of Congress in 1817 and 1818. He died 
May 18, 1827. 

SamuKl Miles Hopkixs, L. L. D. was born in Waterbury 1772, 
but in early life removed to Goshen, studied at Yale, but refused 
graduation, studied at Judge Reeve's Law School and was admitted 
to this Bar in 1793. He removed to the State of Xew York and 
was engaged in large real estate transactions. He was a member 
of Congress and held many other high official positions. He died 
at Geneva. X. Y. October 8. 1837. 

254 i.ri\Mii-ii:i.!) corxTv i'.i;nc-ii and 

Samiki, r>. IhiKNi:, of Winsted was admitted to the Ikir in 1869 
from that town, having- served tln'ouj^di tlie Civil War where he g'ain- 
ed the rank of Captain. He was an aide on the staff of Governor 
IMiineas Loimshury and was Commander of the Connecticnt Dept.. 
C. A. R. He was Tnited States consul under President Harrison. 
Labor Commissioner for Connecticut from 1895 to 18c/;. He 
now resides and jiractices at W'insted ; liolds a Medal of Honor 
IJadge. His practice is mostly contined to recovering;" estates from 
foreign countries. 

F. H. lloKi'ox. admitted to the liar in 184^). 

ISA.\c M. HoRTox, admitted to the lUir in 1882 from Harwinton. 

Sa:\iuki. C. Hosi-'ord, admitted to the IJar in 1850 from Canaan; 
never practiced; became a teacher and removed to Xew Jersey, 
where he died. 

Joiix 1). Howi;, studied law with Judge Hitchcock in W'insted, 
admitted to the Uar in 1866 from W'insted and soon after his ad- 
mission removed to St. Paul, ^linn. where he holds a large practice 
as a railroad attorney. 

Edward J. Huhbard, born in Pethlehem. studied with Wm. Coth- 
ren, was admitted to this Bar in 1864 and removed to Trimdad, 
Colorado, where he is now in practice. 

Joiix T. HnnjARD, born in Litchfield in 18^6. graduated from 
^'ale College in 1880, studied law at Yale Law School and was ad- 
mitted to the New Haven Bar in 1883. Xow resides at Litchfield. 
Represented his native town in the General Assembly i()Oi and 1903 ; 
is now. ( 1907) Judge of Probate for District of Litchfield. 

Joiix H. Hriw.AKO, born in Salisbury in 1804 and admitted to 
this Bar in 1826. He began practice in his native town, but in 
1854 removed to TJtchfield. W'as elected member of Congress from 
his district in 18(^)3 and 1865. W'as State Attorney of the County 
in 1844 and again in 1841;. He enjoyed a lucrative practice and was 
one of the leading lawyers of the State. He died July 30. 1872. 

The following notice of the death of this distinguished member 
of our P)ar. is from the Litchfield ])aper and written by his neighbor 
and friend, lion, ileury B. Graves: 

'i'he lion. John H. Hubbard died in this village on the 30th of 
July, 1872. The deceased was born in Salisbury in November, 1804 
and was therefore at his death i)ast sixty-seven years of age. He 
was admitted to the Litchfield Count \ I'.ar in Ai)ril i8_>() and soon 
after commenced jiracticing law in his nati\e town, in the village 
of Lakeville, where he continued in a \ery successful business until 
al)out seventeen \ears since when he remove<l to Litchfield. Here 
he was constantlv occupied in his i)rofession. being cuga'^ed in most 
of the imi)ortant causes tried in our higlier courts imtil liis election 

L'dl.. SAM t l".!. i;. IKiRM 

llIOC.i<.\l'IIIC.\I. XdTKS 255 

ti) Coni^M-ess in iS^>3. fmiii this Districl. llr was a^ain retunicd 
to Conj^rcss in uS()5. lla\inL;- served hi.s I'nur years in Congress, 
lie again retnrned to the i)raetice of the law and continued it till 
within a few weeks of his death. 

lie was very indiislrious. cnerj^etic, ami perservin^- ; never dis- 
couraj^ed by an adverse decision, where there was an (j|)|x)rtunity 
to pursue the cause of his client ftu'ther. and was often victorious 
in the court of review, where he had been overruled in the inferior 

In the course of his professional career he had a lucrative ])rac- 
tice and for many years was one of the luore ]n-oininent lawyers in 
this county. He served five years as State Attorney of the county 
in which jiosition he i^ave s^eneral satisfaction ; he was also State 
Senator from the 17th District two terms and served in various 
other public relations and in all of them acquitted himself with 
honor. Me was a j^ood citizen; liberal, kind, and ^-enerous to the 
])oor, and always readv to contribute his full share to all objects 
of worthy charity. As a husband and ])arent. he could not do 
enoug'h for those so nearl\- connected to hini. and his affections knew 
no bounds or limit. The deceased leaves a widow, three sons, and 
a daui^hter, surviving- him, to mourn his loss. Thoui^"h his death 
had been expected for several days, ow'ino^ to the character of his 
disease, yet our community was not prepared to meet with so o'reat 
an affliction and deeply sympathize with the stricken family in their 
great sorrow, l^icture on ])age T07. 

Frank W. Hri!i',.\Ri), born in T.itchfield in 1861, graduated at 
\a.\c College in 1888 and from ^'ale T<aw School in 1890 and was 
admitted to the Bar. After a few }-ears i)ractice in Torrington he 
removed to Flushing, X. Y., and is .Vttorney for New York City 
Railway Co. 

FR.^NK L. Hi'xnKRFORD of Xew Britain was born in Torrington 
in 1843 and entered the University of A'ermont in i860. From 
1862 to 1864 he studied law in the office of Senator Edmunds, and 
graduated at the Harvard Law School in 1865 being admitted to 
the Bar in Burlington in 1865 and to this Bar in 1866. He prac- 
ticed in Torrington for three years, then removed to Xew Britain, 
where he has been Judge of Probate as well as City Attorney. 

LKn'i Hfxc.KRroRi). admitted to this Bar in i8:;4 from Sherman. 
He was a Lieutenant in the 28th C. \". and died in service .August 
9, 1863. 

JosKiMi D. HrMriiRKv. admitted to the r)ar in 1812 from Goshen. 
He was born in Goshen March i^. 1780, and after admission settled 
in practice in Torrinp-ford, a oart of Torrington, for a few years, 
when he removed to X^'orton. Summit County, Ohio, where he died 
February 4, 1839. 

256 ijTc ni'ii;i.i) coiN'Tv 1!i:ncii and iiar 

\an R. 1 liMi'iiuKv. adiniitcd to llic liar in 1S20. Was born 
in C.oshcii July 28. 1800. Soon after liis admission to the I'ar he 
removed to Ohio, where he became a Judge and a very prominent 
man. lie died in Hudson, ( )hio Se])tember 5. 18^)4. 

lIiKAM Hint, a native of Canaan, was admitted to this Bar in 
1820; removed to Xew York City. 

Rkii'.Kn 11 TNT, a native of Canaan, admitted io this liar in 1812, 

and removetl to Illinois. 

Roi'.ivKT Hint is on Connecticut Res^^ister. 1859 as Attornev in 
Falls \'illa-e. 

j\i;i:z W. 1 liNTixciON. born in Norwich in 1788, £:;;raduated at 
^'ale College in 1806, studied at the Litchfield Law School and was 
admitted to this Bar in 1810. He located in Litchfield imtil 1834, 
when he removed to Norwich. He was a Judge of the Superior 
and Supreme Courts. He was elected a member of Congress sev- 
eral terms, and Lnited States Senator in 1840. He died in 1874. 
(See Boardman's Sketches, page 64.) 

Ja:mES Huxtixgtox was born in Coventry, Tolland County. 
Connecticut. June 4th, 1833. the son of Edward G. and Eliza Clark 
Huntington, and died at his residence in Woodbury, Litchfield 
County, ^lay 2nd, 1908. 

Mr. Huntington received a high school education and taught 
school in his native town. Later he attended Wilbraham Academy, 
and the New York Conference Seminary at Cliarlottsville, N. Y"., 
and in 1857 was graduated, with the degree of L. L. B., from the 
State and National Law School at Poughkeepsie. at which time he 
was admitted to the Bar of the State of New York. 

Subsequently he entered the law office of Alvin P. Hyde and 
Loren P. W^aldo at Tolland. Connecticut, and was admitted to the 
Bar of Tolland County in April, 1859. 

After being admitted to the Bar in the spring of 1859 he opened 
an office in Woodbury, where he continued in active, honorable 
and successful practice up to the time of his death, at which time 
he was. and for a long number of years had been i)resident of the 
Litchfield County Bar and Law Library Associations. 

In .\])ril, iSf)! he was elected Judge of the Probate District of 
Woodbury, comprising the towns of Woodbury. P>ethlehem and 
Southbury, which office he retained continuously, with the exception 
of one tfrm. until disqualified by age limitations in 1903. His wise 
and judicious administration of the office of Judge of Probate for 
a ])eriod of over forty years won for him a high standing as a pro- 
bate lawyer, and the unqualified confidence and esteem of his fel- 
low men. 

On Jul\ 4t]i, 1S74 he was ai)i)oiutrd Stale's Attornev for Litch- 
field Countv, filling that office with marked ability imtil June, 1896. 


i;i()C,l< Al'llll' AI, NOTI'.S 257 

iicarK a (|uartcr of a cniturv, and duriiiin- that tinu' tried many im- 
portant cases, and l)ecaiiu' renowned as a States AllDrnfy in lii^ 
tireless effort to eradicate crime and l)rin<^^ criminals to justice; some 
of the most bitterly contested cases beini;- in connection with li(|uor 
prosecutions, and vet at all times he dis])layed the commendable dis- 
position of temperiii,L;- justice with merc\ . At the close of his twenty- 
two years of service as States Atlnmey the members of the l»ar 
of Litchfield County presented him with handsomely en,G;Tossed reso- 
lutions expressive of their hij^ii re.^ard and esteem for him in the 
conduct of that important and otT-times un])leasant office. 

He was a])])<iinted a member (if the C'ommissinn of State Police 
at the time of its organization in hjo^. and toi ik a .^reat interest in 
the workings of that jjolice i)owev, in the detectinn and i)unishment 
of crime, up to the time of his death. 

Mr. Huntington alwa\s lodk an active interest in i)ublic affairs, 
and in ])olitics was a demncrat, representing the town of Woodbury 
in the Legislature in 1874-5, and was Senator from the old sixteenth 
district in 1877-8. In 1904 he w^as a candidate for Secretary of 
State on the Democratic ticket. 

Mr. Huntington was married jainiary f)th, i8r)3 to Miss Rebecca 
Huntley Hurd,' of Honesdale. I'a.. wlm died February 28th, 1865, 
leaving' one daughter, Rebecca. On June nth, i8()8 he matfiea 
Miss Helen Elizabeth Parker, of Woodbury, who survived hh:i, 
together with two daughters, Rebecca Huntington and Eunice 
Huntington Tomlinson, and one grandson. James Huntington Tom- 

For over a quarter of a century. Judge Huntington was engaged 
in nearly all the large legal battles in Litchtield County, and was 
considered one of the giants of the Litchfield County IJar, always 
honest with the court, fair to his opponents and faithful to his clients. 
He was not a great orator, but his honesty of jmrpose, integrity 
of character and "thorough familiarity with the law and facts of 
the case on hand, together wnth his clear, concise and logical presen- 
tation, made him a tower of strength in the courts, and especially 
before a Litchfield County Jury. He abounded in quaint simile, and 
many times the studied argument of his opponent would fall before 
some simple homley illustration, delivered at the oppertune time, in 
his inimitable style. 

While always firm, and sometimes stern, in the i^erformance of 
his duty, he possessed a most generous disposition, and was ever 
courteous and obliging to his brother lawyers and especially to the 
younger members of the Bar. to all of whom he became endeared, 
and was affectionately known as •'I'ncle Jim." He loved his pro- 
fession and the members of the Par. and their honest and oft ex- 
pressed love and esteem for him. was a matter of great comfort to 
him in his declining years. 

258 i.ri\ii i'ii;i.i) lorxTN' i;i;ncii and har 

His cc^tninianiliii!:; I'dnn and i^ciiial ])resciico were in evidence at 
nearly every dttieial meelin<;- of the liar, and were among the most 
l)leasant features of the annual liar bantjuets. 

Socially. Mr. llimtinylon was of a domestic nature, and de- 
lis^hted in the companionship of his home, family and surroundint^s, 
helievini^ in the simplicity of the nineteenth century customs rather 
than the ])omp and glitter of twentieth century fads. He was a 
great lover of nattire and would sj^end hours at a time roaming 
through the woods, fields and gardens where every tree, plant and 
fiower had for him a noble sentiment to reveal, and lie took an active 
interest in their growth and protection. 

Mr. 1 luntington was a member of the school board and did much 
to build u]) and strengthen the educatit)nal s\stem of the town of 
\\'oodbiu'\ . lie was always active in his supjxirt of the Episcopal 
Church to which religious denomination he belonged. The high 
esteem in which Mr. Huntington was held by the citizens of Wood- 
bury was in a measure evidenced by the memorial services held in 
that town on the evening of June 28th. igo8. and the proposed mem- 
orial fountain to be erected to his memory. 

As a practicing attorney ^Ir. Huntington stood in the front 
ranks, not only of the Bar of Litchfield County, but also of the State 
of Connecticut, and yet the characteristics which stand forth most 
prominently to commemorate his memory, were his nobility of char- 
acter, sincerity of purpose, lofiy ideals and generous disposition ; 
born of New England ancestors, reared in a New England climate, 
he lived and died an illustrous example of christian manhood. 

\\^]r,i.iA:\t F. HuRLBUT, born in W'insted, Conn.. January 27, 1835, 
and was admitted to the Bar in 1859. He resided in W'insted and 
w^as the Clerk of the District Court and Court of Common Pleas 
for Litchfield County since 1872. excepting three years during which 
time he was County Health Officer. He died at Winsted. April 11, 
1901, aged 66. (See pictin-e on ])age 142.) 

Henkv C. Ivks. admitted in 1832. 

Georck \\'. J.\C()i!S. admitted to the Bar in 1820. 

Daxiki, Jaqiw, Jr., admitted to the Bar in i8i(). Practiced in 
Connecticut about twenty \ears. 

Georc.K p. Ji;\ks, admitted to the I'.ar in 1856. 

EbEni;zi;r Ji:sii', jr.. admitted to the I'.ar in 1826. 

Ezra Jf,\vi:i.i.. admitted to the Dar in 1810 from Salisbury. 

Frederick A. Jewkf.i., admitted t<) the Par in 1881 from Salis- 
bury. He removed to New Hartford, where he is now in practice. 
Is Judge of Probate. He re])resented the town in the C.eneral As- 
sembly, 1907. 

r.HK.K AI'll UAI, XO'I'ICS 259 

A^ros M. joiixstix, 1)imii in Si mtlihnry, ()cti)l)cr ji, iXiC), a'l- 
mitted to the l>ar in 1S51. hied al llic < )M I'cMplr's llunic in I lart- 
ford, A])ril 6, 1871;. 

]\i,isii A joiiNSox, born in liarklianislcd. May 1. i<SiX. dradu- 
atcd at TriniU C'tilk\m' in i«S35. Atlrndcd the ^'ak■ Law .School 
and was achnilted to this liar in 1S40. I Ir ])racticed in I'lynionth 
until 1855 when he removed to Hartford, lie was Clerk of this 
C(nirt from 185010 1851. lie dierl in llartfor<k lu'hruary 18, i8(;l. 

Soi.ox 1'). lolixsox was horn in Cornwall, admitted to this liar 
in 1863. IleVuhlished the Ijtchtield Sentinel from 1866 to 1873, 
then removed to his farm in Cornwall, where he died. May 30, 1890, 
aged 51 years. 

WalTKR W. Jolixsox was admitted in 1866. 1 le never ])racticed. 

SN'i.xi'.S'n'K JoilNSO-X, admitted in 1S13 from Cornwall, of which 
town he was a native. 

II. Roc.J'R JoxKS, Jk.. horn at New Hartford, jime Jjnd. 1882, 
attended public schools in Xew JIartford and (.ilbert School. Win- 
sted, graduated from the latter, June, 1901. Entered Cornell Uni- 
versity Law School at Ithaca, N. Y., September, 1903 and gradu- 
ated June, 1906. llecame a member of the New York I'ar in Sep- 
tember, 1906 and the Connecticut Bar February, T907. At present 
is editor and proprietor of the New Hartford TrihrnK'. and engaged 
in the practice of law at New Hartford. 

W'ai.TKr S. Jl'dd was born in Litchfield in 1859, graduated at 
Yale Law School in 1882 and was admitted to the New Haven Bar 
that same year. Settled in Litchfield and was Clerk of the Court 
of Common Pleas from 1894-7. Was in the Legislature in 1891 
and 1893, serving on the judiciary committee the last named year. 
Now resides in New York City. 

Gkoroiv H. Jrosox was a native of Woodbury, admitted to the 
Bar in 1845 and removed to Texas. 

S. W. Ji'DSOx was a native of Cornwall and a graduate of I'nion 
College. Was admitted to practice in 1836. He located in New 
YorkCitv. It is said of him, "As a lawyer he is more distinguished 
for his learning, integrity and honesty, than for his brilliancy as a 
pleader. If lawyers were more generally of his style, we should 
have fewer law-suits and more justice." 

Charles A. ]ii)Sox was a native of Washington. Held the of- 
fice of Sheriff from 1835 to 1838. After his term of office he re- 
moved to New Haven and engaged in mercantile business. 

TA:\n;s D. Ki;i:si'. was born in the City of New ^'ork. entered ^'ale 
Coliee-e, but did not tini>h his course of studies there; came to 


Litchfield and studied law with Jud^^e Seymour, and was admitted 
to this l>ar in April. 1852. He imme(hately set up practice in Wood- 
bury, but in less than one year removed to Uirmini^^ham, Conn., 
where he died. 

EiU'NKzKR V>. Kki.i.oc.c, was a native of Norwich. Conn., and for 
some years was a school teacher comin**- to Litchfield from Nauga- 
tuck. where he had been Principal of the schools. He studied law 
with George A. Hickox, and was admitted to the Bar in 1879. 
After a brief practice in Litchfield he removed to Denver, Colorado, 
where he died. 

W'ji.LiA-M Kki.sI'V practiced law in Winchester in 1850, and in 
1856 removed to Cheshire, where he died. 

DwiciiT C. Kii.i'.ouRN was born in Litchfield, October 9th, 1837. 
He read law with Seymour & Seymour and Henry B. Graves, of 
Litchfield, and after a three years service in the war of the Re- 
bellion was admitted to the Bar in April, 1866. Practiced in Litch- 
field until 1887 when he was appointed Clerk of the Superior and 
Supreme Courts of Connecticut for Litchfield County, which office 
he now holds. 

Gkorgk Kingsbury, admitted to this Bar as of Canaan in 1794. 
Mr. Boyd in his annals of Winchester, refers to him as beino- as- 
sessed in that town in 1796 for his faculty as attorney-at-law. being" 
the "first legal luminary that shed its light on this benighted town. 
His stay seems to have been as brief as a comet's visit." He re- 
moved to Poultney. A't.. where he died. Ay>v\\ 30. 1803. 

John Kingscury, born in Norwich, West Farms (now Lrank- 
hn). December 31, 1762. Graduated at Yale. 1786, and 1788 en- 
tered the Law School at Litchfield, and was admitted to this Bar in 
1790. and the next year opened an office in W^aterbury and soon 
became a leading citizen of that town. He was seventeen times in 
the I^egislature. He was Judge of the County Court about twenty 
years. He died August 26. 1844. He was the grandfather of 
Frederick J. Kingsbury, Esq. of \\'aterbury, the distinguished banker 
and historian. 

D.\Nii:i, .M. King was admitted to this V>-dr in 1870 from W'ater- 
town. He located in the West and died there. 

EiMiRAiM KiRuv, born in Litchfield in 1756, in a i)art of the town 
now included in Washington. See Article "First Law Reports" 
for his biogra])hy. 

Rkvxoi.d M. l\IKl•.^■ was a son of h^jhraim Kirby and was ad- 
mitted to this Bar in 1810. 

Piiii.K.MON KiUKu.M. admitted to the Bar in 1799. resided at Win- 
sted. In P>oyds Annals of Winchester is a very interesting account 
of this eccentric man. 


Wji.tja^m Kxai-p was a mcnihcr of the l-'airfield County I'ar, but 
practiced in New Mil ford a lew years prior lo 1880, when he re- 
moved to Denver, Colorado. 

1m<i;i)i;i>:kk M. Koi'.iii.i'.k. admitted tn tin.- I'ar in 1885. roided in 
Litchfield, but soon reniox'cd with his family to Montana. 

KnwAUi) A. l\iM\i:i,, ])racliced at 'J\)rrin<i;ton a year or tun prior 
to 1878 and at a later ])eriod was at Thomaston. 

John R. Laxdox was born in Salisbury. September [4. 1765. and 
married in Litchfield, Anna Cham])ion, daui;hter of Kev. Judah 
Cham])ion, January 10, 1796, and settled at Litchfield, lie was 
Sheriff from i8or to t8i8. After his term of office expired he re- 
moved to Castleton. A't., where he died, February 27. 1851. Mr. 
Landon durini^ his term alsc had unpleasant duties. Here is sen- 
tence that he had to execute : 

'AMiereas Samuel W'hitmore. of Xew Mil ford, in said county, be- 
fore the Superior Court holden at Litchfield in said county, on the 
ist Tuesday of February 1804, was le^-ally convicted of Aditltry, 
and, on consideration, was by the Judg'cs of said Court sentenced 
and adjudged to be whipped on his naked bodv Toi Stripes, and 
to be stig^matized or burnt on his forehead with the letter "A" on a 
hot iron, and to wear a halter about his neck on the outside of his 
i^arments during- his abode in this State of Connecticut — and as 
often as he shall be found without his said halter, worn as aforesaid, 
upon information and proof of the same before any Assistant or 
Justice of the Peace, to be whipped not exceeding- thirty stripes, and 
to pay the cost of this prosecution, etc." All these sentences were 
thus executed to the letter, as a]:)pears from sheriff's rcttn'us. 
In executions for horse stealin,^', the jirisoners were sentenced 
to be twice set astride a wooden horse and kept there an hour and 
then whipped fifteen stripes on the naked body, with an interval of 
a month between two punishments. A man convicted of forgery 
in 1788 was sentenced to stand twice in the ])illory. and was "dis- 
enabled to give any evidence or verdict in any court or before any 
^Magistrate or Justice of the Peace." 

Josr.Pir Lakk, admitted in 1822. 

Edgar M. Laxdox of Salisbury, admitted in 1824. 

Hoavard F. Laxdox' of Salisbury was born in Sharon in 18^x7 
and graduated at the jVmenia Seminary. He studied law with Hon. 
Donald T. Warner in Salisbury and graduated at the Albany T^aw 
School in 1890. He was admitted to the Litchfield P)ar the follow- 
ing year and formed a partnershi]) with Mr. Warner in Salisbury. 
As Senator from the 19th district he made an enviable record in the 
session of 1901. 

262 I.ITCIlI'li;i.l) COl'N'rv I'.I'NC'll AM) HAR 

lliKAM P. LawrkkcK of W'instcd was horn at Xorfolk in 1S33. 
lie tittctl for Yale Collc.c^e at Norfolk Academy, studied law with 
Indite F. D. Fyler in W'insted and was admitted to the Litchfield 
I'.ar in 1^73. Hied August (>, kjoS. 

Isaac Lkavkn worth, admitted to this r)ar in 181 5. Settled in 
Roxhury where he ])racticed for twenty years. In 1837 he removed 
to New Haven and t'nj;-i,i;eil in other l)usiness. ( See Sedi;'wick's 
fifty years.) 

Bradley D. LKf,. born in llarkhamsted March 24, 1838. Served 
in the War of the Rebellion as Quartermaster of the Second Connec- 
ticut, Heavy Artillery. Admitted to this I'ar in 1856 and removed 
to St. Louis. Mo., where he became a leading- attorney. Died in that 
city May 10, 1897. 

CuAL'XCRY LiiK. D. D., born in Salisbury Xovember, I7<")3. 
Graduated at Yale Colles^e in 1784, was admitted to this Uar in 1786. 
He practiced a few years and then relinquishing- his profession, en- 
tered the Ministry and became a very learned and impressive preach- 
er. He was author of "Revival Sermons," "Triumphs of Virtue." 
a metrical paraphrase of the Book of Job, an arithmetic, and several 
pamphlets. He died in Hardwick, X. Y., 1842. 

Rev. Ai.oxzo Xoktox Lewis, 'M. A., born at Xew I'ritain Sep- 
tember 3, 1 83 1. Graduate of Yale, class of 1852. For several years 
a teacher of public schools and academies. Principal of Litchfield 
Academy 1852-4. Studied law with Hollister and Beeman and after- 
wards w'ith Judge Charles B. Phelps of Woodbury, whose youngest 
daughter, Sarah Maria he marriecl Xovember 28, 1860. Admitted 
to the I'.ar at Litchfield September, 1857. Ordained an Episcopal 
clerg-yman in 1866. Rector at Bethlehem. Connecticut, Dexter, 
Maine, Xew Haven and Westport, 1866 to 1891. From 1891 to 
1907 was rector of Christ Church. Montpelier, Vt. He died in Xew 
Haven September 12, 1907. lie had been Secretary of tlie Masonic 
A'eteran Association of Connecticut for many years. Was a mem- 
])vv of tile Societ\' of the (.'incinnati of CiMUiecticut. 

Daxikf, \\'. Lewis was a native of b'anninglon. Studied law 
with Judge Reeve, graduated at ^'ale College in 1788. ami was ad- 
mitted to this r^ar in 1796. 

James LIEEl■:^'. admitted in 1809 as from ."Aharon. 

1''kank I). LiNDSEKA', admitted in 1882 from North (.'anaan. He 
located at I'hilmont, New ^'ork. 

CiiAKEES 1). LoNci'Ei.i.ow was a native of Maine, but studied with 
Mr. Cothren in Woodburv and was admitted to this Bar in 1861. 
1 ie located in I '(.■iins\ l\;'.uia. 

ni()\i'iii(Ai, xoTi'S 263 

loiix |. r.oKi), admillcd in iS_'_:; \V"\\) SlianMi. 

Lyndr Lord was the second Sheriff ol the County, liohhnp: the 
office from 1771 to t8ot, about thirty years, lie was born in Lyme, 
Connecticut, and died in I.itchfiehl June 16, i8or, aged 68 years. 

That he had some unpleasant (huii'S to ])erf()rm the following 
returns on Executions attest : 

The execution in this case is dalfd 1779 and signed by Geo. I'it- 
kin, Clerk of the Superior Court. The statute of blasphemy then 
in force reads as follows : 

That if any person within this state shall presume wilfully to 
blaspheme the name of Cod the Father, Son or Holy Ghost, cither 
by denying, cursing or reproaching the true God. or liis government 
of the World; every person so offending shall be punished by whip- 
])ing on the naked body, not exceeding forty stripes, and sitting in 
the pillory one hour ; and may also be lx)und to his good behavior, 
at the discretion of the Superior Court, who shall have cognizance 
of the offence. 

The nature of the punishment inflicted will most concisely appear 
from the following return of the officer setting forth what he did in 
])ursuance of the sentence of the court: 

Lri'cirFiKLD, 23d .\ugust. 1779. 

Then by virtue of the within Execution took the within named 
Samuel Tousley from the common C^oal in Litchfield to a Gallos, 
viz. erected for that purpose, and set him thereon with a Rope 
round his Neck for the space of one full hour, and then I branded 
him with the capital Letter B with a hot iron on his forehead, and 
then tied him to a tail of a Cart, and caused him to be whip'd thirty- 
nine Stripes in his Naked body, in the whole,— at four of the most 
l)ublic places in the Town of Litchfield and then returned him to 
the Goal from whence he came. 


Lyxdf; L<^)Kn. Sheriff". 

Three days after execution of the sentence Tousley paid the cost 
in the case, amounting to £153, 8 shillings and six pence, or $531.42. 
This would imply that Tousley must have been a man of consider- 
able property. Ixi't these costs were probably payable in paper money 
worth at that time hardly a twentieth of its face value in specie. 

Tt seems that tramps were not unknown in Connecticut in our 
early history. A transient person who. "not having the fear of God 
before his eves, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of 
the devil" burnt some buildings in Sharon, "contrary to the law of 
this colony and the rights of mankind." The fellow was duly con- 
victed and sentenced. "and the following sheriff's return shows the 
nature of his punishment. After being duly "bull dozed" at the 
cart's tail by the sheriff, he was remandetl to jail till he could pro- 

264 i.ri\iii*ii:i.n coiNT^' r.iCNCTT ano 

cure sureties for future g'ood behaviour aud had paid the costs of 
his prosecution : 

LiTcm'iKi.i), 2 1 St Feb., 1776. 
Then l)y virtue of the within Kxecution I caused the witliin nam- 
ed John Thomas to be taken from tlie common Cioal in Litchfield to 
the place of Execution and there Set upon a Gallos with a Rope 
Round his neck for the full Term of one hour and Then tied to the 
Tail of a Cart and Trans]iorted to four of the most public places in 
the Town of Litchfield and there whii)ped on his naked body Thirty- 
nine stripes in the whole, accordin,^" to the within Directions. 
Fees 40s. Test, 

LvxDiv Lord, Sheriff. 

Gkorgk LoviiKiDGK was admitted in 1840 and practiced a short 
time in New Milford. 

JoTiN^ P. LovivRiDGK. This name appears on the Connecticut Rcj;'- 
ister of 1842 as an attorney at New ]\Iilford. 

RoMKO LowERY, born in Farmington in 1793, p^raduatcd at '^'alc 
in 1818, studied at the Litchfield Law School and was admitted to 
this Bar in 1820. He settled in Southington and was a highly re- 
spected member of the Hartford County Bar and a Judge of the 
County Court. He died in 1856. 

Benedict E. Lyons was born in Thomaston, June 13. 1883. 
Graduated from Yale College in 1905 and from the Law School in 
1908, and was admitted to this Bar in 1908. Located at Hartford. 
Represents Tiiomaston in the General Assembly of 1909. 

Darius Lyman was a son of Col. David Lyman, born in Goshen 
July 19, 1789. Was admitted to this Bar in 181 2 and removed to 
Ravenna, Ohio. He died at the residence of his son-in-law, W. S. 
C. Otis, Esq., of Cleveland, Ohio December 13, 1865. 

David Ly.aian was admitted to this Bar in 1841, and after a 
practice of five years he relinquished the profession and entered the 
Ministry of the Methodist l^piscopal Church. 

SAMiKf, Lyman was a son of ]{nsign Moses Lxnian, born in 
Goshen January 25, 1749. He graduated from ^'ale College and 
studied Theology and afterwards studied law and was admitted to 
this Bar in 1773. He commenced ])ractice at Hartford with fiatter- 
ing prospects of success, but relin(|uished that for a military ap- 
pointment and removed to Massachusetts. TTere he became a 
Judge of the Circuit Court of that State and was a member of the 
first Congress convened under the Constitution of the Ignited States. 
He died at the age of 55 years. 

Wii.inR G. M.XNcnKSTKk was born in Winchester in i860. Grad- 
uated at the Yale Law School and was admitted to the Bar in i8(X)- 
resides and practices in \\'insted. and has been active in Grange 
and Prohibition circles. 

I'.ioc.uAi'iiicAi, N()'n:s 265 

TiiHoDoKi", M. MAi/nuK, l)()rn in Xew York in 1X42, admitted to 
this Har in i8C)_^ from Norfolk where he ])racticed a sh(jrl time and 
then remo\ed to llartt'ord wliere he now resides. 

Cvius Maksif, practiced kiw in Kent in 1761 and was after- 
wards a Minister of the (josi)el of tliat ])lace. 

1'kank W. Maksii. l)orn in Xew Milford in 1855, j^rachiated at 
Yale CoHej^e in iS7<;. a(hnitte(l to the Xew lla\en I'ar in i(SS2, re- 
moved to Xew Milford where he now resides. 

SA:>[rKi, Maksii, born in Litchfield in 1765. yradnated fnim ^'alc 
Colleg'e in I7S<^), admitted to this I'.ar in 178(8 and removed to Xor- 
folk, Va. 

Gkokc.i-: a. Mak\i\ was horn in Xorfolk in 1870. c^radnateil from 
the Yale Law School in 1901 and was a<lniittcd to this liar. He 
resides and ]M-actices in Xorth Canaan. 

Ri;v.\oi.i) -Makxix was horn in Lxnie. Conn., and i^radnated at 
Yale College in 1748. He located in Litchfield on the formation of 
the New Connty, and was the first lawyer in that town. He was 
appointed Kings's Attorney in 17^14, whicli office he held eig'ht years. 
After this ])eriod he does not appear to have been active in les^al 
matters. He died at Litchfield in 1802. 

N^iciior..\s M.xsTKRS, l)orn in 1758. gradnated from A'ale Colleij^e 
in 1779, admitted to this liar in 1780, resided in Xew Milford, where 
he died in 1795. 

CiT.\Rr,ES S. Masters, admitted to this Bar in 181 2 from Xew 

Peter J. McDer^sfott was born in Torring-ton. and gradnated 
from Yale Law School in 1905 and was admitted to this Bar. 

James H. McMahox. born at Xew Milford, Jnne 24, 1839; son 
of John and Sophia Wells McMahon. He received an acedemic 
education, but did not enter College. He studied law at the Albany 
Law School and was admitted to the Litchfield County I'ar in No- 
vember, 1863. Judge McMahon was a well-known lawyer in West- 
ern Connecticut, and for many years was engaged on one side or 
the other in most of the important cases in that section. He w^as 
elected Judge of Probate for the District of New Milford in August, 
1864, and held his first term of ])robate. August .-^oth. of that year. 
He continued in office until the first Monday in January. 1897. ^" 
1873 and 1875. he was a member of the General Assemblv. He 
died at New Milford. August 9,1906. His funeral was very largely 
attended by lawyers from Litchfield, Fairfield and New Haven 
Counties, in all of whose courts he had been an active practioner, 
and also by the members of the Odd Fellows, and the Masonic 
bodies of which he had been a member. 


i.n\ii i'ii;i.i) i.()iNi"\ r.i:N(.ii and i'.ak. 

He gzxe in his will the sum of $1,200 to the Litchfield County 
15ar Association, in he dixided between each nt' the Law Libraries 
at the Litchfield, W'insted and New Mil ford Court houses. His 
picture may be found on pai^c 136. 

Wii.i.i AM 11, McMoKRis was admitted to the Litchfield I'.ar in 
1904. lie removed to 1 Vnusylvania. 

to this liar in 
imtil his death 

\i.ti:k S. M i:rkii.i,. horn in Xew Hartford in 1829, admitted 
1852 and located in Southini^ton, where he resided 
January 10, iQoi. 

I'aii; 1'*.. Mi;\i) was born in W'estbrook. Maine, October 2/, 1878. 
but came when ([uite youui^' to b'alls \'illag"e, Conn. Studying at 
Exeter and at IJrown's University, he entered the Yale Law School, 
from which he graduated in 1904, and was admitted to this I Jar. 

CiiivSTivRFn",!,]) C. Mionrj'.i'.KooKS 
was Sheriff of Litchfield County 
from 1903 to 1907. He was born 
in Sharon, Conn., July 24, i860. In 
1880 he went to W'insted and en- 
tered the employ of the Cdlbert 
Clock Company, where he contin- 
ued for fourteen years. He was 
for several years at the head of the 
police force in Winsted, and was a 
constable of the Town of Winches- 
ter, in which offices he showed 
great executive ability. In 1894 he 
was appointed deputy sheriff under 
Sheriff' Henry J. Allen, and in 1903 
was elected sheriff by a good ma- 
jt)rity. At the expiration of his 
office in 1907 he was appointed by 
the Judges of the State, one of the 
Jm-v Commissioners for Litchfield 

Edward S. Mkrwix, admitted to the in 1870 from Xew IMil- 

T. DwiciiT Mkrwin. born in Xew Milford. Graduated from 
Yale College in 1877. After a short practice in New Milhu'd, he 
removed to Xew York City, where he is now in practice. 

MiciiAKF, F. Mn.r.s. born in Xorfolk in 1786. admitted to this 
Bar in 1801. He locate<l in Xorfolk, dxing there in 1857. (See 
Sedgwick's .Address.) 

RocHR Mhj.s was admitted to this I'.ar in I7t;8 from Xorfolk 
and settled in Xew Hartford about 1800. 

lUCX'.KAl'll KAI, NOTI'.S 2^^ 

RoGKK II. Miij.s was a son of J-ioj^cr Mills and was aflniittcd lo 
this P>ar in 1836 and located at New Hartford. Was Secretary of 
State in i849-i(S5o, after which he renioN-cd to Ik-Ioit, Wis., where 
he died, Noveniher 11, 1880, aged 67. 

JosivPir AIii.i.i'.R. a graduate of Williams College, studied at the 
Litchfield Law Sc1k)o1 and was admitted \o this I Jar in 1802. He 
located at Winchester, was a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention in 1818. In 1835 he removed to Richland. .Mich, lie was 
a member of the ^Michigan Constitutional Convention and also U. 
S. Attorney for the District of ]\Iichig-an. 

MattiiKw IMim'.u, Jr.. born in W'oodbury in 1781, graduated 
from Yale College in 1801 and was admitted to this Bar in 1804. 
Practiced in Woodbury, wliicli town he re])resented in the General 
Assembly in 1830-1832, and was also Senator of his district in 1837. 
Died at Woodbury, December 11, 1839. 

Gir.mvKT S. MixoK, a native of Cornwall, admitted to the 15ar in 
1848. He removed to .\le.\andria, \'a., where he died about 1880. 
(The comj)iler of this work pursued his law reading while in the 
U. S. service in the Civil \\'ar. from books borrowed from this 
gentleman's library.) 

PiriXE.\S MlNKR. born in Winchester 1777, studied at Litchfield 
Law School, admitted to this Inir in 1797. began practice in his 
native town, but removed to Litchfield in 1816, was representative 
in Congress in 1832. Died at Litchfield, September 16, 1839. 
(See Roardman's Sketches.) 

Joiix G. AliTCiiKij,, practiced in Salisbury. (See Warner's 

Henry A. Mitchell. The Connecticut Register savs, he was 
a lawyer in Plymouth in 1832. He removed to I'ristol. Was States 
Attorney for Hartford County, 1836 to 1838. Was editor of the 
Hartford Times. 

John' G. ]Mix, admitted to this Rar in 1815 from Woodbury. 

Henry S. ?^Iorrill, born in Xew Ham])shire in 1840, graduated 
at Wesleyan College in 1866, was admitted to this Bar in 1870, and 
for a few years thereafter he was engaged as a teacher, but finally 
removed to W'aterbury. where he w-as a Judge of the City Court. 
He died in Waterbury, July 12, 1884. 

T. D WIGHT Morris, born in Litchfield in 1817, graduated from 
LTnion College in 1838. and was admitted to this Bar in 1839 and 
located at Bridgeport. Was Colonel of the 14th Connecticut In- 
fantry in the Civil War. United Statets Consul at Havre, France, 
1865 to 1869, Secretary of State, 1876. Died at Bridgeport, Septem- 
ber 26, 1894. 

268 i.n\iiKii:i.i) corN'Tv 1!i:ncii and kar 

Nathan Mousk. a s;ra(luate of Amherst College, practiced in 
New Hartford in i87(). and removed to Akron, Ohio. 

CiiAKi.KS \\. Moss. l)oni in Litchfield and admitted to the liar in 
1843. Practiced in Waterbnry nntil 1847. ^vhen he removed U> 
Iowa. He was ent;-ai;ed in the Mexican \Var as a Sers^-eant of the 
3rd I'nited States Drai^Dons. and in the War of the Rebellion as a 
Lientenant-Colonel of an Towa Cavalry Rei^iment. 

Wii.i.iA.M r. Mri.viLLK. born in Norfolk l'\'brnary 23, 1879. 
Gradnated at Yale Law School in 1906. and was admitted to this 
Bar. Located at New Canaan, Connecticnt. 

\\'\KKi;x MiNCi-.K, admitted to this Bar in 1812 from Norfolk. 

1m<ank T). Minn, born in West Stockbridi^e, AFass. November 
i(), i8()0. C.radnated from Dartmouth College in 1887, admitted 
to this Bar in 1891. Resides in New Hartford and practices in that 
town, and also has an office in Winsted. He is now. and has been 
a Referee under the rnited States Bankrupt Law since its passage. 

Harris 1*>. ^Iinsox, born in Middlebury in 1812, admitted to 
this Bar in 18^0, finallv located at Sevmour, where he died, February 
2, 1885. 

TifADDKis MrNSox. i)racticed in Canaan in 1809. 

1m<KI)Krick E. Mvc.att, a native of New Milford. studied at the 
Yale Law School, admitted to this Bar in 1892. Now i^ractices in 
New York City. 

Edward A. held the office of Sheriff of Litchfield County 
from 1895 to 1903. He was born in the State of New York, but 
ui early life came to Winsted, where he has since resided. For 
many years he carried on a tinware manufacturing- and jobbing 
business. He was a soldier in the Civil War, a luember of the 6th 
Connecticut \^olunteer Infantry, he was wounded at the siege of 
Petersburg in 1864 and suffered an amputation of his left foot. 
(See i)icture on i)agc 162.) 

Lkonakd J. Nkkkrsox of West Cornwall was born in that town 
October 23, 1857. He graduated from the Alger Academy and 
studied law with Hon. Arthur D. Warner, l>eing admitted to this 
I'.ar in i87«;. In 1883 he rejiresented Cornwall in the General .\s- 
semblv. and has been very active in town affairs. He has an ex- 
tensive practice throughout the State. Picture, page 162. 

Major a. Nickkrsox. a native of Cornwall, admitted to this I'.ar 
in 1834. After a brief practice, mostly in I'-erlin. Connecticut, he 
removed to New ^'ork State and entered the Ministry. 

i!i()C,K.\riiir.\i, NoTi'S 


Major A. Nickkksox. l)()ni in Cornwall and admitted to this 
Bar in 1868. For some years. Dwinj^' to jjoor health he did not 
practice, but about 1888 o])enc(l a law office in IMainville. ("omi. 
Died suddenly in his office. A])ril 2-^, i8<>[. 

MiKKKl, Nkii.Sox, a native of l)eiiinark. studied law in l.itchtield 
and was admitted to the r>ar in i(SSi. and removed West. 

CiiAKi.i;s Xi;'rn,i;ToN' was 
born in W'ashinj^ton. CfMin. 
October 2, 1819, and after 
studvintj;" law at Litchfield 
was admitted to the I5ar. 
lie o])ened an office in 
Xauii^atuck and was for a 
time in Xew Haven, but 
not meetinf( with satisfac- 
tory clientag'e he removed 
to the city of Xew York 
and made a specialty of 
conveyancing and for some 
years was a pension attor- 
ne\ . lie was a great col- 
lector of the session laws 
of all the different States 
and it was claimed that he 
had the largest and fullest 
lil)rary in this line in the 
countrx'. For the \\q\\) of 
the Tilden-Hayes Electoral 
Commission, the Library of 
Congress moved to W'ash- 
inton all this part of Mr. 
He died in Xew York May 5, 1892. 

TiiKODOKK XoRTir. born in Goshen March 2, 1780. Graduated 
from Williams College and was admitted to this Bar in 1809. Mem- 
ber of the Constitutional Convention in 18 18. Removed to Elmira 
N. Y. in 1823. Died April 21, 1842. 

Nettleton's library. 

JoxATiiAX T. Norton was admitted to 
practiced a short time in West Cornwall. 
Brooklvn, N. Y. 

this Bar in 1847 and 
when he removed to 

James H. Nortox, born in Goshen in 1823. admitted to this Bar 
in 1846 and soon removed to Pennsylvania. Entered the field of 
journalism and was connected with the Xew York City daily i)apers. 
Resided at Middletown, X. Y. Died in 1894. 

William H. O'Hara. lx)rn in Washington October 15. 1859 
and was educated at the "Gunnerv"' : admitted to this Bar in 1880. 

270 i,iTCiiFn;i.i) corxTN- hkncii and r.AU 

rracticctl in Uridine] xirt. In iS()3-4 \\as an Alderman in IJridi^c- 
port and the latter year jircsident of the Hoard and Aclinj;- Ahiyor. 
In 1902 removed his office to Xew N'ork C'il\-. 

Ja:mKS L. ( )kk, l)orn in llndson. X. V., sluthetl with lion. John 
H. Huhhard. was admitted to the Bar in 1845. He practiced at 
Sharon and then removed to IMichi^'an. His health failing- him he 
returned to Salishurw where he died. 

Samukl D. Or'Pox, horn in I )ridg-ewater. Admitted to the liar 
in 1830. Practiced a nnmher of years in New Milford. 

EuGEXE O'Sri.i.iVAX practices law in Torrington. 

Cii.\Ki.i-:s A. I'ai.mkr, horn in Cioshen in 1859, i^Tadnated from 

Williams Colle_^e. Admitted to this Bar in 1885. Practiced a few 

years at Sharon and then removed to Torrinj^ton. Now resides in 
Goshen, and is not in the practice of law. 

JosKPJi AI. Palmer, born in New Milford in 1788. Was ad- 
mitted to the Fairfield County Bar, but located at Woodbury, where 
he practiced until 1816, when he removed to Fredericktown, Md. 
He was a Judge of one of the higher courts in that State. 

SoEOMox M. PAE:\rER was admitted to the in 181 1. 

JoxATiiAX Edward ParmalEv, admitted to the Bar in 1790, re- 
sided and practiced in Bethlehem. 

David Par.aiaeEE. a lawyer in Litchfield, 1797. (Connecticut 

CoE. Am AS A Parker, born in 1784 in the limits of the present 
town of Washington. Graduated from Yale College in 1808. At- 
tended the Litchfield Law School and was admitted to the Bar in 
1810. He removed to Delhi, Deleware County, N. Y. 

Ax^sox V. Parsoxs, admitted to the Bar in 1826. 

Daxiee Parsoxs, admitted to the Bar in 1847 from Sharon. 

Walter M. Pattersox, admitted to the lUir in 1860, practiced 
a short time in Sharon. 

Calvix Pease, a lawyer in New Hartford, 1799. (Connecticut 

WiLLL\.M K. PiXK, Jr., born in 1 larwinton and admitted to the 
Bar in 1847 from Norfolk. He located in Norfolk and removed to 
Winstcd in 1864. He removed from Winsted to Michigan in 1869, 
and died at Grand Rapids, Mich, in 1870. The following ])aragra]^h 
is from a highly complimentary notice of the stumti labors of Wul 
K. Peck, Esq. which we find in the H'cs/cni A'rre ]'(>rh-cr published 
at Warsaw, November, 1867: 

"'I'be series of meetings held in this county by W. 1\. Peck, Esq., 
of Connecticut, have been among the most successful and satisfac- 
tory ever known here. The appointment for the Court House on 

]:l()C,l<.\l'iIHAI, NOTI'.S 271 

v^aturday (.■N'cninin' drew In^rtluT an aiKliciu'c lliat ])a(-kc-(l the- ruom 
full. Mr. IV'ck is a man of tine ])rc.scncf and <;cnial manners with 
a rc!iiarkal)ly t^ood voice and excellent ciualities as a ])opnlar speak- 
er. Vov ])erfect candor and fairness, for stronj^ points sharply put, 
for earnestness and ag'reeable humor, and to sum it all u]) — for a 
good effect in a political speech, Mr. Teck ranks with the best men 
on the stum]). W'c lioj^e to have him here ac^ain." 

Nathan 11:1. I'ivKRV was a natiw of W'ondhur}- and was admilU-d 
to the h'airtield C'ounty in i.Sif.. lie ])e.^an ])ra(-lice in Wood- 
hurv, removint;- to Xew ?\lilford in iS_\:^. lie died in Kent in 1X49. 
ag-ed 60 years. 

C.i'ORC.i'; W. I'i'.iv'i' was horn in Salisljtu-}' in 1828 .and after ad- 
mission to the liar he practiced in Canaan. The latter ])art of liis 
life was devoted chiefly to financial o])erations. lie was ])resident 
of the Iron I'.ank of Falls \'illag-e, etc. Jlc died at Xorth Canaan 
in 1882. 

llrcir V. Piyn'.RS, graduated at ^'alc Colle.^-e in 1849; admitted 
to the liar in 1851. 

John' TiioMi'SoN" Pi',ti:rs. graduated at Yale Colleo-e, 1789; ad- 
milted to the in ijcH. Was Jud.^e of the v^uperior Court from 
1818 to 1834. Died Auo-ust 2^, 1834. Resided at Hartford. (See 
Sedi^'wick's "Fifty Year?.") 

JoKL T. Pi-.TTKT, admitted to the liar in 1801 from Sharon. He 
was a young- nian of great ])romise, l)Ul died of consumption. Septem- 
ber 13, 1807, aged 2>~- 

AfGuSTfS Pkttiroxi'.. horn in Norfolk l<\'])niar\- k;, 17^)6, a son 
of Col. Giles Pettibone. Attended the Litchheld I^aw School and 
was admitted to the in 17^0. He settled in Norfolk, was a 
member of the Constitutional Convention in 181 8 and Judge and 
Chief Judge of the Countv Court from 1812 to 1831 He died 
October 4, 1847. (^C'e Sedgwick's "Fifty Years.'") 

Col. Gir.KS PettiroxI', born in Simsbury December 9. 1735. His 
name appears as an attorney in the early records of the County 
Court. Resided in Norfolk and died there March' 17. i8io. 

Sami-KL FhttthoxK. the first King's Attorney of Litchfield 
County was born in Sim.sbury July 26. i7c)8. He began to practice 
law as early as 1730. He removed to Goshen prior to 1740 and was 
active in tlie formation of the County in 1 751. Upon the establish- 
ment of the County Court he was appointed King's, or as we now 
term it. State Attorne\-, which office he held several years. He was 
prominent in the town al^'airs of early Goshen and represented the 
town in the General Assembly a number of times. He died in 1787. 

Si'.RKxo Pktttroxf: was a brother of Augustus IVttibone and 

born in Norfolk November (jth, 1778: graduated at Williams Col- 


i.iTcnriKi.D corNTv i'.knch and har 

lege in 1800. and was admitted to this lUir in 1803. He practiced 
a few years at Norfolk, and died there. Xovemhcr lOtli, 1826, "just 
in the prime of life, a man of fine ability and promise." 

JOHN riKRPoxT, 1851. 

Joiix PjKKroxT, born in I^itchfield April 6, 1785. Graduated at 
Yale College in 1804. Studied law at the Litchfield Law School 
and was admitted to this Bar in 1810. He removed to Newbury- 
port, ]vlass., where after a short practice of law he became an Uni- 
tarian ]\Iinistcr. He edited a large number of school books ; the 
old fasliioned National Preccpter, being perhaps the best known 
of them. He was also a poet, and his "Stand, the ground's your own 
my braves ! " has been the standard for boyhood declamations, dur- 
ing the last three-quarters of a century. His ^xjem delivered at our 
Centennial celebration in 1851, has also become classical. In his 
earlier years he, like many of the I'oston celebreties, was not fas- 
tedious in his dress, and the ])ortrait we publish of hiui is said by all 
our old men to be a characteristic one. The second, near the close 
of this book, looks as he did in later life, when he held a clerical 
position in one of the Government departments in Washington. He 
was the ancestor of John Pierpont Morgan, the noted banker and 
financier. Mr. Pierpont died at Medford. Mass.. ;\ugust 27, 1866. 

r.loCKAl'llU \l. NOTI'.S 273 

CiiAKi.i'S r>. I'lii' was l)()ni in C'lialhaiii, now ri)rtlan<l. Con- 
necticut in 1788 and jjursued his professional studies luider Jud;^c 
Reeve and Xoah 15. I Benedict, Esq., and was admitted to the liar in 
September, 1809. loitered into practice at WOddhurs, and there 
continued the exercise of his ])r()fessi(Mi to the time of In.- death. 
December 21, 1858. He was judt^e of Probate for nearly thirty 
years and was an authority on rro1)ate Law. He was a meml)er of 
the House of Representatives in 1831, 1837. and 1852 in which latter 
year he was elected its S])eaker. In 1843 he was elected to the Sen- 
ate and w-as its President i)ro tem. In 1850 he was elected Judj^-e 
of the County Court, holding- the office three years. In Mr. Coth- 
ren's historv of Woodbm-y. will be found a lengthy biog;ra])hy of this 
honest lawyer. Pictm-e, ])ai;e 94. 

Ralpie p. attorney in Winchester. 1832. (Connecticut 

E. FuiSiuiv I'll 1:1. 1'S. graduated from ^'ale Law School, and was 
adiuitted to this Bar from Harwinton in 1866. He soon renioved 
from the State. Is now in New York City in the insurance business. 

Elisiia Piiivr.i'S, born in Simsbury. Craduated from Yale Col- 
leg-e in 1800; attended the Litchfield Law School and was admitted 
to this in 1802. Settled in his native town, where he died m 


A^ros PiERCK (Pkarce). graduated at Yale. 1783. Died in 
Woodbury, 1798. 

lA:*n';s PiKKCK was admitted by the County Court in 179*;. 

ToTix Pitch KK was admitted by the County Court in 1816. Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of New York. 

Joiix PiERi'OXT. born in Litchfield September 10. 1805: mem- 
ber of the Law School; admitted to the in 1826. He removed 
to Vergennes, \>rmont. Was Judge of the Supreme Court and 
held other important offices in that State. 

OrvillE HiTCHCOCTv PlatT was admitted to this in 1850. 
He was born in Washington, Conn., and his early life was that of a 
hard working farmer boy. Both parents being of good Xew Eng- 
land stock, earnest in religion. i)atriotic, and having the courage of 
their convictions, he inherited that breadth of mind and strength of 
character for which he became so prominent. Beginning in the old 
red school house, and afterward attending the Academy, in which 
he later on taught, he was still further furnished, by close and per- 
sistent studv at home. Having chosen the law as his profession he 
entered the' office of Gideon Hollister and Fred. P.eeman in Litch- 
field in 1848 and in due time was admitted to this Bar. He began 
his practice at Towanda, Penn.. but in a short time returned to 
Connecticut and settled at Meriden, where he soon became a prom- 


T,rr(.iii"i!;i.n cointv iii'.ncii and 

iiK'iil alloriK'N and cili/cii. In 1S55 he was Clerk of the Connecti- 
cut Senate and in 1857 was Secretary ol State... He was repeatedly 
elected to represent his town in the General Assembly of the State, 
servini;- in the Senate in i8()i-2. and in the House of Representatives 
in i8()4 and i8(kj and was "iven important positions in the deliber- 
ations of those bodies, in 1877 he was ai)pointed State Attorney 
for New Haven County. In 1879 he was chosen United States 
Senator bv the General Assenil)ly. a ])osition which he occupied 
continuously until his death at his summer residence at Washington, 
Connecticut, April 21, 1905. 

In an address delivered by him to his townsmen just before start- 
ing for Washington to take his seat in the Senate, he said, "just 
now everything is new^ and seems unreal. I can scarcely ap])reciate 
the future ; how I shall walk in the new part in which 1 am set, 
time will show. 1 do know that 1 shall try to do right as I see the 


He took his seat ]\ larch 18, 1879. and for more than a quarter 
of a century gave his best thought and untiring industry to all 
matters of legislation and gradually won his own place in the front 

He served eighteen \ears on the ccMumittee of jiatents. eight of 
those vears as chairman. He was regarded by all. as the best au- 
thority on patent law in the Senate. For sixteen years he was a 
member of the committee on Indian affairs, and no one was more 
alive than he to the true welfare of the Indians. Xo man in of- 
ficial life was ever a more practical and useful friend of these 
wards of the nation. 

For twelve years he was a member of the committee on Territories, 
six years as chairman, and while such chairman six states were ad- 
mitted into the Union, viz : Xorth Dakota. South Dakota. ^Montana, 
Washington. Idaho and Wyoming. 

For ten years and up to the time of his death, be was a mem- 
l)cr of the committee on finance. For four years he was chairman 
of the committee on Cuban Relations, and was the author and 
father of the noted I'latt .\mendment — that great bulwark and 
mainstay of the Cuban Republic against foes, foreign and domestic. 
In the investigation of this subject he accunmlated a large and ex- 
haustive library relating to Cuban and I'hilippine matters. ])robably 
the largest in the country, which has been given l)y his heirs to the 
v^tatc Library at Hartford. Conn. 

lie was for twelve vears a leading member of the Judiciary 
Committee, and at the time of his death was ehairman of that com- 
mittee. ( )n this great committee, on accoimt of his skill and learn- 
ing as a lawver, and his industrious prudence and conservative 
character, he was one of the most active, useful and sate members. 
favorable to all reasf)nable innovations, but strongly set against 
rcvolutionarv or doubtful schemes or measin-es. Xo man in the 
Re))ubliean party was oflener consulted by 1)olli Tresidents, Mc- 

^ l£^ 



laocKAriucAi, notks 275 

Kinley and Rcxiscvelt upon vital (lucstions, not only of party i)olicy, 
but of material and international iini)ortance. 'I'he last f^'reat 
service he rendered, was in ])residin<^ over the Senate as a C<nirf 
of Impcachmen*: in the case of Judj^'e Swain. TIk- care, dij^^niity and 
impartiality with which he performed that dillicult task ])rove<I him 
to be a master min<l in that eminent body. 

Senator Teller of Colorado said of him: "lie was a party man 
with a strong;' ])artisan spirit, because he believed his ])arty was best 
calculated to secure the hit^hest def^Tee of ])rof^ress and prosperity 
it was possible for a nation to attain. While he was a partisan 
and defended the principles of his ])arty with intelligence and vijj^or, 
he recognized that there were twn ])()litical parties in the country, 
and that there might be wisdom and patriotism in those differing 
with him. He was a good tyi>e of Americanism, and his asj)iration 
for his coimtry was for all parts and all the peojile within its 

Probably the obsequies of no eminent man of Litchfield County 
were ever attended by so many distinguished i)ublic men as were 
his when he was laid to rest amid the scenes lie loved so well <>n 
April 24th, i(j05, in the cemetery at Washington, Connecticut. 

Hkxrv P). Pll':mi!, a native of Wolcott, Conn., born in 1X57. 
was admitted to this Bar in 1879. He has never ]:)racticed law — 
but is Secretary of the Eagle Lock Company of Terryville, with 
office in New York city, and resides in Terryville. 

E. LeRov Pond, born in Terryville, Town of Plymouth, Dec. 
26, 1883. Graduated at Yale College 1904, and from the Law 
School in 1906. Admitted to this Par February, TO07. and opened 
an otlice in Terryville. 

Charles J. Porter, born in Ooshen, Jamiary 2y. 1839; was 
sheriff from 1881 to 1884. He was in the Civil War for three years 
in the First Connecticut Heavy Artillery in which he was a Quarter- 
rnaster Sergeant. He resided in Goshen Center where he was Post 
Master and carried on a large general store business. He repre- 
sented his town in the Legislature in 1866 and 18(^3. He died 
Dec. 19, 1907. (See picture, page 160). 

Peter B. Porter, born in Salisbury. Graduated from Yale 
College in 1791, admittd to this Bar in 1793. Removed to the State 
of New York and died at his home at Niagara Falls in 1844. He 
was in Congress in 1810 and was Secretary of War under John 
Q. Adams' administration. 

Joel B. PotTj'.r. admitted in 1803 from Sherman. He died 
October 7, 1806. 

Nathan PrESTox. born in \\'oodbury in 1758. Graduated from 
Yale College in 1776. He served in the Continental. Army until 
1780. In 1782 he was admitted to the Bar and settled in his 
native town having a large practice and enjoying many political 
honors until his decease in September. 1822. 


W'li.i.iAM I'ki-ston. lie was l)()rn in Stratford in \(^jh. but 
when (juitc }uuni;- removed with liis father's family to W'tuxlbury. 
He became a leadinj:: man in the town and colony. He was a mem- 
ber of the General Couri thirt\-tive sessions, and stood high in the 
militia. havin<;- attained the rank of Colonel, lie was justice of 
the quorum eleven years from 1740. On the formation of Litch- 
field County in 1751. he was aj^jpointed its first judge, which otlice 
he held till his death in 1754. lie was a man of fine talents and 
commanding influence — vi sterling integrity and unOinching de- 

In another i)lace will be seen a cut of his tonil)st(ine in fine pres- 
ervation in the cemetery at Woodbury. 

W'li.i.iA.M L. Raxsom was born in (Tranville, Mass.. March 2S; 
1822. He studied law with Judge Hiram Goodwin of Riverton 
and was admitted to this liar in 1854. Three years later he came 
to Litchfield and associated with Hon. John H. Hubbard in the 
practice of his profession until 1859. when he was appointed Clerk 
of Superior and Supreme Courts for Litchfield County from which 
position he resigned in 1887 after an honorable service of twenty- 
nine years. He now resides in Litchfield. 

From the history of the Ransom family I quote the following 
well deserved tribute: "William L. Ransom was tendered the posi- 
tion of Clerk of the Superior Court and the Supreme Court of 
Errors which his experience and methodical habits eminently quali- 
fied him to fill. He accepted the appointment and for twenty-eight 
years he continued to discharge the duties of the olhce with honor 
to himself and the tribunal of which he was a trusted otlicial. 
Patience and courtesy secured for him the well grounded regard of 
the clientage that had 'their day in court' and liench and Rar alike 
held him in the highest esteem." 

T]^roTJlv C. Raxsom was a brother of William L. and born 
September 22, 1824, and was admitted to the in 1858. He 
practiced a few years in Meriden. Conn., and then removed to Xorth 
Dakota where he died. 

Da\ii) R.w.Mo.xi) admitted to the Har in 1S12 from Montville, 

Jamks R.w.moxd admitted to the P-ar in 1834 from Canaan. 

loiiN I\i:i:i). This gentleman was undoubtedly the earliest at- 
t<jrnev in the territory embraced in LitchheUl County. He grad- 
uated at Cambridge in i()()/ and entered the ministry and jM-eached 
at Waterl)urv. Stratford and other places. He became interested 
in the Stratford colony of settlers who went to the region now called 
New Mil ford, and obtained a large tract of land now the center of 
that town, and built a residence near the i)resent Ingleside School, 
where he resided and held religious services in his liouse. In 1708. 


I'.IOCK M'llKAf, NOTKS 2-]"] 

while living' iIktc, lie was admitted as an alluriKy hy tlic Cjcncral 
Court and in \~\i he was aijpointcd Oueen's .\tt<>rni-y for the 
Coloin-. .Mr. keiMJ liad ])Ienty business of his own to attend to, for 
the Alilford settlers clainiin^- a superior title to the New Milford 
lands, over the Stratford title, oeeu[)ied some of the 26,000 aeres, 
and Mr. Keed sued them for trespass, and after sixteen trials, 
fifteen of which he won and lost the sixteenth, became discouraged 
and g'ave up the effort, and removed to a large tract of land he 
obtained in the present town of Redding where he resided until 
1722, when he went to I'oston. <ind sofni became the most eminent 
lawyer in the Colonies. lie was Attorney Ceneral for several 
vears and also a member of the Ciovernor and Council. He was 
known there as "Leather jacket |ohn." Many anecdotes are told 
of this eccentric attorne\- which this compilation does not care to 
repeat. Kna])p's J'.iogra])hical v^ketches says of him: "One act 
alone should give him immortality. He. from his own high re- 
S])onsibility reduced the quaint, redundant and obscure phraseology 
of the English deeds of conveyance, to the i)resent short, clear and 
simple form now in use. His intluence and authority must have 
been great as a law\er, to have brought these retrenched forms into 
general use. The declarations which he made and used in civil 
actions, have, man}- of them, come down to us as i)recedents, and 
are among the finest specimens of special pleading that can be 
found. Story has preserved some of his forms, and 1 'arsons says 
that "many other lawyers had assumed his work as a special ])lea(ler 
as their own ; and that honors due him had by carelessness or ac- 
cident, been given to others, wdio had only copied his forms." 

He married Ruth Talcott, daughter of Col. John Talcott of 
Hartford and sister of Governor Joseph Talcott. ( )ne of his sons 
was the celebrated Col. John Reed of the "Lonetown Manor." 
Redding^. Connecticut. He died in 1749, leaving a large estate. 

JoHX G. Re-11) was a son of Rev. Adam Reid of Salisbury and 
was admitted to this Bar in 1857 and located at Kent. He did 
honorable service in the ^^'ar of the Rebellion, and afterwards 
removed to Chicago. 

Aarox B. Rkk\K was a son of Hon. Tajiping Reeve, graduated 
from Yale in 1802. was admitted to the in 1808. began i)ractice 
in Troy, Xew York, where he died in i8o«> 

Tapping Rkk\K, born in Southhold. Long Island. October. 1744. 
Graduated from the College of Xew Jersey in 1763. Tn 1784 he 
opened the Law School at Litchfield which continued until 18.^3. 
In 1798 he was appointed Judge of the Superior Court and in 1814 
he became the Chief Justice of the State. He died at Litchfield, 
December 13. 1823. See Boardman's "Early Lights." Law School, 


Jamks RuiiAKDS was admitted to the Bar in 1862. He then re- 
sided at Litchfield where he had been jireaching- for some years. He 
afterwards removed to Charleston, \V. \'a., where he died. 

Francis X. Richmond was born in Xew Milftird, admitted to 
the Litchfield Bar in 1897, and practiced for a short time in Water- 
burv. He removed to Xew^ Milford, and later returned to Water- 
bury, wliere he died in i^)o(\ 

Edward Kiciimond, admitted in 1815 from Washington. 

Ci.AKK Riciiti:r, i^raduated from Vale in 1856, admitted in 1861 
from Salisbury. 

W]i.i.iA:vr H. Rood, admitted in 1845. Practiced in Winsted, was 
a Judi^e of Probate there, removed to Lynn, Mass., where he died. 

Edward Rockwell, born in Colcbrook June 30th 1801. Gradu- 
ated at Yale College 1821. Admitted to this Bar in 1827 as from 
Sharon. He located in Youngstown, Ohio. Was the Secretary of 
the Cleveland and Pittsburg Railroad Company until 1867. when 
he resigned that office and removed to Xew York City, where he 
died in 1874. 

Julius Rockwell was born in Colebrook, graduated at ^'ale 
College in 1826, admitted to this Bar in 1829 and located at Pits- 
field, Mass. He was a member of Congress and also a Judge of 
the Supreme Court of Massachusetts. 

The following extract shows the proceedings taken by the B.erk- 
sire County Bar upon the death of Judge Rockwell in 1888: 

"The Superior Court opened here this morning. Chief Justice 
Brigham presided at a memorial meeting of the 1 Berkshire Uar in 
honor of the late Judge Julius Rockwell. There was a large at- 
tendance of law'yers, prominent citizens of the county and ladies. 
Attorney General Waterman offered resolutions adopted at a meet- 
ing of the Bar yesterday, gave a short sketch of Judge Rockwell's 
career and moved the ado])tion of the resolutions. Judge Tucker 
seconded the resolutions, and speeches were also made by the Hon. 
Marshall Wilcox, T. P. Pingree, Senator Dawes and Judge Brig- 
ham. Tile resolutions were ordered s])rca(l on llu- records of the 
court and as a mark of res])ect to indge Rockwell's memory the 
court adjonrned until to-niorro\v morning.'" 

Willia:m Rockwell was born in Sharon in 1804. (d-aduated 
at Yale College in 1822, and admitted to this I'.ar in 1824. Located 
in Brooklyn, .\. ^'. \\'as a Judge of tin,' Suiterior Court of King's 

,\lI!I-;kTo '1. l\oRAi;\cK was Ixirn in Shellield, Mass. in 1849. 
Acquiring a good academic education; in 1S72 began the study of 
law with Judge Donald J. Warner in .Salisbury and was admitted to 
this Bar in 1872. Jle located at Xortli Canaan and was for a 


mocR \riiic \r, N()Ti;s 279 

quarter of a century a leader of the affairs of north western Ctjii- 
necticut. l-'roni iXH(j to 1893 he was the judj^a- of the Court of 
Common I'leas for Litchfield County. In \Xi)^ and iS</> Ik- repre- 
sented his town in the (Veneral .\s>einl)l\ . and in \Hijj was apijointed 
a Jud<^e <if the Su])erior Court, lie \\a> in \i)()j promoted by the 
Lej^islature to hr a jud^e of the Supreme Court of I'.rrors to take 
effect in Septein])er. i<;oS. I lis ])icture is shown on paj^x- 133. 

J. Ci.ixToN i\o.\Ri;AiK. a son of Jud^e .\. T. Koarhack was horn 
in North Canaan. Craduated at \a\c I'niversity and at the \'alc 
Law School. Was admitted to this liar in i<j()5. J le resides and 
practices in Xorth Canaan. 

J. }Ii:\KV R().\Ki'..\CK was born in Sheffield. Mass. in 1870. and 
admitted to ])ractice in 1892 at this iJar. He located at Xorth 
Canaan in company with his brother jud^e A. T. I-ioarback to whose 
law business he suceeded upon the latter's elevation to the bench in 
1897. He has been a very active politician, holding the position 
of a member of the Republican State Central Committee for several 
years. Is the Postmaster at Xorth Canaan, lie is also extensive- 
ly eni»-ajTed in the lime business oi that rej^ion. 

Wii,LAKi) A. RoR.MiACK was born in Xew Marlboro, Mass. March 
I2th, i860 and admitted to this Bar in 1883. Locating^ in Torrin,^:- 
ton, he has held many of the town offices, representing' the town in 
the Legislature of 1895. Has been Judge of the Borough Court, 
and is now judge of the I'robate Court of that District. 

EiJiKKT 1'. Roi'.KKTS was horn in Litchfield in 1863 and was ad- 
mitted to this Bar in 1884. Resides and practices in Litchfield. He 
has a large real estate business, and has for many years been the 
Secretary of the Board of Education of Litchfield. 

William J. Roberts was born in Xew Milford and graduated in 
Yale College in 1859. During the War of the Rebellion he was a 
Captain of CtMiipany 1. Eighth Regiment of Connecticut X'olunteers. 
He was admitted to the Bar in 18^)6, and died in Xew ?\lilford. June 
30, 1870. 

Wii.Li.x.M R. Roc.KRS. of (jeorgia. a graduate of the Litchfield 
Law School, was admitted to this liar in 1831. 

Saafi-EL Rowl.wi). admitted to this in 1794. resided in I'air- 
field. Conn, and died there in 1837. 

PiiiLo Rroc.LKS was born in Xew Milford in 17^15 and admitted 
to the Bar in 1791. Began practice in Xew Milford and then re- 
moved to Poughkeepsie. and afterwards to X'ew York City where 
he died in 1829. 

Joiix H. Russell, a native of Canaan, admitted to this Bar in 
1849 ^"^1 settled in Salisbury. He devoted most of his time to 
farming. He died at Lakeville in 1871. 


Joseph Ryan, admitted to practice in 1858 from Xorfolk, went 
to Illinois. 

Timothy Ryan, admitted in 1861 from Xorfolk. Located in 

Thomas F. Ryan was born in Ireland, March 6, 1872. He was 
educated at St. Mary's College, Troy, N. Y. and graduated from 
Yale Law School in 1897, and was admitted to this r>ar. He be- 
gan to practice at Torrington, but soon went to Tucson, Arizona, 
where he combined law and mining. He returned to Connecticut 
in 1901 and located in Litchtield in 1905. 

David C. Sanford. born in Xew Milford in 1798, was admitted 
to the Bar in Fairticld County in 1820. He removed to Litchfield, 
where he practiced till 1832, when he went to Norwalk, but soon 
returned to Xew Milford, where he resided at the time of his death 
in 1864. In 1854 he was elected a Judge of the Superior Court, 
which office he held at the time of his decease. 

Gkorgf, a. Sanford, born in Simsbury, 1852; educated at L'uion 
College, was admitted to the Litchtield County in 1903-. He 
resides and practices at Winsted. Is an active menil)cr of the 
School Board of \\'inchester. 

Rollin Sanford was born in Cornwall. \'t. of Litchtield, C(Min. 
ancestry. Graduated from Yale College in 183 1 and was admitted 
to this Bar in 1833. He abandoned the legal profession and en- 
gaged in the mercantile l)usiness in Xew York City, where he died, 
December 2. 1879. 

Hknry Skvmour Sanford dieil at his hnme in X\'\v .Milford on 
Saturday Xovember 2, 1901 at the age of 09 years, lie was the 
son of the late Judge David C. Sanfor.l and of Amelia S. ( Sevmour) 
Sanford, a member of the cUstinguished Seymour family of Litch- 
field. He was born in Norwalk, Conn., ^'larch 1, 1832. He en- 
tered Yale College in 1848 and graduated in the class of 1852. He 
then took the two years' course at the Harvard Law School, .\fter 
his admission to the Bar he spent one year in W'ashinglnn. D. C, 
as private Secretary for Ex-Judge Seymour, then a member of Con- 
gress. Returning to Xew Nlilford, he became associated with his 
father in his well established law i)ractice, and when his father was 
elevated to the supreme bench, the son carried on the practice with 

At the age of 29 years he met with a serious accident that dis- 
abled him physically for life. i)lacing him at a great disadvantage 
when in the full strength of youth he was entering upon an un- 
usually i)r(jmising career. But with remarkable pluck and bravery 
he rose superior to a misfnrtunr wlii.-Ji would have discouraged an 
f)rdinarv man from attemjjting t^ do ;.n\ thing noteworthy, and for 
manv vears witli rare persr\iTaiuH' riud ])atience successtnlly pur- 

iiEXRY sev:mour saxford 



sued his chdscn calling;,^h nnal)K' to j^o about t'xci-pl iu a 
whcc'l-chair, and what was more remarkable still, be retained bis 
naturally hi.qb spirits and i^enial disposition. 

Mr. Sanford mo\ed to I '.rid,L;eport in \X(>() and was a well known 
alturne\ tberc I'oi- thirty years. Me was at one time the leadinj,^ 
lawyer of the b'airt'ield count} liar, and he was associated with or 
opposed to the foremost law\ers of his city and state in many im- 
portant cases, a number of which came be tore the Supreme C'oinH. 
lie was a.c^i^ressive, able and brilliant as a law\er and liked nothing- 
better than to cross swords with a foeman worthy of his steel. 

One of the last and most i^racious acts of Mr. Sanford's life was 
to donate the rare and vahial)lc collection of law books which had 
belong-cd to him and his distinguished father to tlie law library in 
Xew Milford for the use of the members of the Lilchlield Count\- 
liar which the two Sanfoi-ds, father and son, had both honorabl}' 
and al)ly represented. 

Hkxrv S. SaxI'OK)), a son of Henry Seymour Sanford, was born 
in ]5ridg-eport August 5, 1873. Graduated from ^\'de Law School 
in 1895. He was admitted to the Xew Haven liar in the same 
vear. and admitted to the X^ew ^'ork liar in JcSij.S. Practiced in 
New York until 1905. Soon after the decease of his father he re- 
moved to Xew Milford. where he now resides and i)ractices. 

Ai.iiKRT Si'.ix'.wu'K was born in 
Cornwall in i8or. He held the 
office of Sheriti' 1834 and 1X35 
and also from 1838 to 1854 in 
which latter year he resigned the 
oiHce, ha\ing been appointed 
School Fund Commissioner of 
Connecticut which oilice he lield 
for twelve years during which 
time he resided in Ifartford. He 
was an ardent and active poli- 
tician, w ith a genial pleasing way 
and won many voters to his side 
at the polls. He died in Litch- 
field at the residence of his 
daughter Mrs. Thomas M. Coe 
in 1878. He at one time was 
greatly interested in developing 
the mining of Xickel in the 
western part of Litchiield. but the opening of the civil war and dis- 
covery of the rich silver deposits in the great West ruined this 
mdustrv in Connecticut. 


FkKdkkick a. ScoTT, l)()rii in IMymouth in \^)(), f^^raduated from 
Yale i88(;. from Yale Law School in 1891 and admitted to this Bar 
the same \-ear. Resides at Terryville, i)ractices at Hartford. Has 
been Clerk of the different branches of the General Assembly and 
in 1901 was Clerk of IJills in that body. Represents Plymonth in 
the General Assembly of 1909. 

Ho.MKK R. ScoNiLLK was born in Harwinton in 1865, j^radnated 
at Williams College in 1890, the New York Law School in 1892, 
and was admitted to that Bar the same year. After a few years 
practice in New York Cit\ . he removed to Torrington, Conn., and 
was admittetl to this lUir in 1900. Jde is now in active practice in 

Cjiarij-:s F. Skdgwick. The following obituary of this distin- 
guished member of our Bar is taken from the 50th Conn. Reports, 
for which it was prepared by his colleague and friend Bro. Donald 
j . Warner : 

Charles F. Sedgwick was born i:i Cornwall, Litchfield County, 
Connecticut, Septemeber i, 1795. His grandfather Gen. John 
Sedgwick, was a major in the Revolutionary army, and a major- 
general of the State Militia. His ancestory is traced to Robert 
Sedgwick, one of Cromwell's Generals. 

He was a brother of the late Albert Sedgwick, and a cousin of 
the renowned (^icn. John Sedgwick, of the Sixth Corps of the Army 
of the I'otoma. 

After graduating at Williams College, 1813, he took charge of 
an academy in Sharon, Conn, and at the same time studied law, and 
was admitted to this Bar in March, 1820. He immediately located 
in Sharon, and there continued in the practice of his profession, 
and ended there his life's work. 

He married Betsy, daughter of Judge Cyrus Swan, of Sharon, 
October 15, 1821. 

He was early a member of the Legislature in both branches, a Judge 
of the Court of Probate for the District of Sharon, and from 1856 
to 1874 was States Attorney for the county. 

He inherited and manifested a special admiration for military 
affairs, and was appointed Brigadier General of the State Militia in 
1829, and afterwards Major General of the Third Military Division 
of the State. Physically, he was a remarkable man; large, tall, and 
erect, his a])pearance in and out of the court room was attractive 
and commanding. As a lawyer not arrogant, not brilliant, always 
courteous, a ready, fluent advocate, presenting his views of the case 
on trial with force and zeal, commanding the respect of the court 
and iur\. 

in the discharge ui his dut\' as a ])ul)lic pros'ecutor, the ad- 
ministration of his ollice was characteri/.e<l by the application of the 
l-rincipU' "that ninety-nine guilty persons should escape, rather than 

j;i()(',KAriiic.\i. \()'i'i;s j.S_^ 

diU' iiiiUH'cnt ])iTsiiii sliiitild sulTiT.'" Mis lialiil- wxtc cxciiiplar\ ; 
tobacco and iiUoxicanl^ in all iht'ir Inniis wci'i' in liiin ablioiTcul. 

TIk' ciirn.-iil events ot' llu' <la\ werr all nuicd |)\ jiim. ami Ik- dc- 
lij^iitcd in works of hi>tMr\ . l)ioi;ra]jliy and i;ciK'alo_i;\-. His wonder- 
fully retcntiw ineniorx. hodily vi^or, and genial nature made him 
a (k'lii^htful talker in the social circle, and eniincniK useful in fur- 
nishing" information of and concerning" ])ersons and their affairs, if 
it became necessary to thid a collateral oi" other lu'ir to an estate, or 
to insert a branch in tlie genealogical tree of a family in Western 
C'onnecticnt, (len. St'dgw ick was referred to as a li\"ing" compen- 
dum of the recpiired information, and his detailed reminiscences of 
the peculiarities and characteristics of persons always iiiterested his 
hearers and often excited their merriment. 

His centennial address and history (jf the town C)[ vShariMi in 
1865, is a valuable de])ository of knowledge for the inhabitants of the 
town. He lived soberly, he waited for death calmly and died in 
communion with the Congreg'ational Church at Sharon, ]\Iarch 9th, 
iHS>2. in his 87th \ear. IMcture on page 70. 

l{nwARi) W'oooiu'i'F ^^l•:^■.Mo|■l■;, a Judge of the Supreme Court of 
this State, died at Litchfield, on the 16th day of October, 1892. He 
was born at Litchfield. Aui^ust 30th, 1832 the oldest son of Chief 
Justice Origen S. Sexniour. His mother was a sister of Ceorge 
C. Woodruff, Esq., of Litchfield, a prominent lawyer there, and 
Judge Lewis ]?. Woodruff' of Xew York. He graduated at N'ale 
in 1853, and was admitted to the I'ar in Litchfield in 185^). where 
he continued to practice until 1875, when he removed to Lrid_ge])ort, 
and formed a ]^artnership with his younger brother. ^ [orris W. 
Se_\"mour. with whom he was associated until 1889, when he was 
appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Errors, lie was for 
several years Judge of Probate in the Litchfield district. He rei)re- 
sented Litchfield in the State Legislature in 1859-60-70-71, and was 
a member of the State Senate in 1876. He represented his district 
in Congress from 1882 to 1886. He was one of the representatives 
of the diocese of Connecticut in the general conventions of the 
Protestant Episcoi^al Church of the I'nited States. 

As a lawyer he was thorough, quick in i)erce])tion. sound in re- 
flection, pleasing and effective in speech. lie i)repared his causes 
conscientously. His knowledge of men. his (|nick wit. his rare ap- 
prehension of humor and humorous things, his abounding good 
judgment, his intellectual alacrity in emergencies, and his courage 
in a crisis gave him a fine outfit for practice. He cross-examined 
a witness always w'ith skill, and sometimes with genius. But no 
tempation to score a point ever led him into the i:)etty tyranny of 
abusing a witness. He wore the golden rule on his heart and re- 
membered that the man in the witness box was a br<^ther. 

As a Judge, without being hortat(M-\" he warmed his o]iinions 
with wholc.^ome morale. Sucli ethics, for instance, as we find in 

284 i.iTiii i"ii:i,i) (.•(irx'i'\- i:i;ncii and i'.ar 

the opinion in C'oupland \s. Houstonic Railroad Comi^any, in the 
6ist Conn., make j^Dod reading-, llis career as a lawyer and Jndgc 
strcng-thens onr attachnKni to our ])rofession whieh he adorned. 

jndge Seyn-ionr is mourned hy the liar and h_\- the hench of the 
State with a common and tender grief. Years of closest intimacy 
hound many manl\- hearts to him with a lo\-e whicli ma\- not he told, 
])nt which nuist he undying, llis grave is the lonih of hope and 
promise and of a life hroken wlun it was strongest. Idc was buried 
in the afternoon of a gentle ( )ctol)er daw when the sun shone 
through the clouds and brightened the gold and scarlet and crimson 
of fading nature, and he was bm-ied in love. 

From Henry C. Robinson's sketch in the 62d Conn. Reports. 


Ycsterdav morning, at Litchfield, there passed from week-day 
toil into Sunday rest, from work so consecrated that it was worship 
into eternal peace — as pure a soul, and as gentle, as ever parted from 
earth to enter heaven. One who speaks from a torn heart because 
die loved him living, and loved him dead ; one who met him in de- 
lightful social intercourse four days last week, (the last time on 
Friday), in seeming health, full of life and its interests, and to whom 
the telegram announcing his sudden death came with shocking 
agonw can neither be silent or speak with a calm, dispassionate 
utterance, in such an hour, b'dward W. Se\niom" lies dead at the 
age of sixty, in the town in which he was born, and on the street 
where he has always lived. The oldest son of the late Chief Justice, 
< )rigen S. vSe\-mour, he inherited the rare judicial temjierament, the 
calm, candid, impartial judgment, the love of mercy-tempered jus- 
tice, so essentially characteristic of his father. Educated at Yale 
College, a graduate of the famous class of 1853, studying law in his 
father's oHice, entering into partnership with him. early and fre- 
■quently called to represent his town, and later his senatorial district 
in the General Asscmblv. a useful member of Congress for four 
years, having in the meantime, by deN'otion to bis ])rofession, as well 
as by natural ability, become the acknowledged leader of the r>ar in 
the two counties of Litchfield and Fairfield ; certainly it was the pv'm- 
ci])le of natural selection which three years ago led to his choice as 
a meml)er of oiu" highest judicial tribunal — the Sui)rcme Court of 
Errors of this State. While of his services upon that Court this is 
neither the time, or ])lace, to' sjjcak with fullness, it has been the 
privilege of the writt'r to know tbi'm somewlial tlioi-dugbl}-, and be- 
cause of such knowledge he can the more ti-ul\ bear witness to the 
rare si)irit of fidelity to duty, to justice, to law. as ;i living, pervading 
and beneficent rule of action, with which, whether upon the bench 
bistening to, and weighing the arguments and contentions of counsel, 
in i)ri\-ate study, in the consultation room, or in the written ojjinions 

i;i(»(,K \riiK'.\r, xoTi'.s 


of tlic C"i)mi. wliicli ])vav liis naiin', the lii.L;li ilulifs of ^^Tcat 
cilice liaw been sacredly (li>clKirL;'c(l. When Chief-Justice' Scynn^ur 
(lied. (i(i\enior Jxicliard I), liuhbard, in a public address, declared: 
"I iliink we can all sa\ in \er\ Irnlli and soberness, and with n(;thinj^ 
of exlravai;ance in cuI^.l;}, thai we ha\(' jnsl lost the foremost, un- 
<leniabl\- the foreimist la\\_\er, and take him for all in all, the noblest 
citizen of our State." If it be too nmch to say this of a son. whose 
\ears were almost a score less than those of the father, surely it is 
not too nuich to allirm that never did son tread more worthily in the 
footsteps of an honored i)arent. and never did untimely death break 
truer promise than this which has de])rived our State of those years 
of rij^cncd usefulness, which would have made the career of the 
son as fruitful in honor, and all -ood. and good to all, as that of the 
sire. ])Ut God knows best, and doubtless what is, is for the best. 
Certainlv to him who lies crowned with the bcautiude of Christ, upon 
tile i)ure in heart, it is well. — Arc.fSTUS H. Fkxx. 
i'icture o.i pa^e 130. 

IMosJvS'k, Jr. 
was l)orn in JJtchlield on 
June 3otii, 1774. He held 
the otiice of Sheriff from 
1819 to 1825. He gave 
little ])ersonal attention to 
it, being actively engaged 
in business, — and deputiz- 
ing his brollier ( )zias who 
was his deputw to attend 
to the Court duties. He 
was for a while Postmaster 
at Litchfield. He gave the 
site on which the Court 
House is now located to the 
County to be used only for 
County purposes. He was 
a large landholder, and en- 
gaged largely in the ex- 
change and sale of real 

l-roperty. He died in Litchfield. May 8, 1826. (See Sedgwick's 


Oi^ir.iux S. Si'V^ioiis. born in Litclihelcl February 9. 1804. grad- 
uated from Yale College in 1824. admitted to this I'.ar in 1826 and 
located in his native town in which he resided until his decease, 
August 12. 1881. He frcquentlv represented the town of Litch- 
field in the General Assemblv and was elected Speaker of the House 
in 1850. In 1851 he was elected to Congress and again m J853. 
In 1855 he was^lected one of the Tiidgcs of the Superior Court, 
Avhich^ oflice he held eight vears. In i8(>4 and 1865 he was nomi- 

286 i.rrciii'ii;i.i) corxTv i;i;ncii axd mar 

natcd l(»r ('iKXcnior 1)\ ihc 1 )cniiK.Tatic I 'arty. In iSjo he was 
elected a Judge of llie Supreme Court of J^rrors and in 1873 was its 
Chief justice, which ollice he held until retired by the Constitutional 
limitation of ai^e in 1874. After his retirement he was eiiiia.ged 
most of the time as a referee. 'J'he new code practice adopted by 
the Les;'islature in iSjc) was ])rei)ared by a Commission nwr which 
he presided, lie recei\e(l the <le<.;ree of L. L. D. from Trinil\- Col- 
lege ill 1866 and from \'ale. 1873. 

The obituary notice and tributes to his great worth published in 
the 48 Conn. Rejiort are but faint ex])ressions of the feelings of all 
of the legal fraternity and leading citizens of the State of Connecti- 
cut regarding this distinguished member of our Bar. 

The following obituary notice was i)ublished liy the Xew Haven 
Register at the time of judge Sc_\"mom''s death : "'This distinguished 
citizen of Connecticut died at his home in Litcliheld. this morning, 
after a comparatively brief illness, in his 78th year. Possessed of a 
fondness for study, lie prepared for college, and entered Yale at the 
age of sixteen, graduating in the class of 1824. His chosen pro- 
fession was the law\ and by his assiduity and natural gifts he speedi- 
ly arrived at the highest rank at the l^ar. Though devoted to his 
profession he engaged astivily in politics, espousing the Democratic 
cause. He was a member of the House of Representatives of Con- 
necticut in 1842, 1843. 1849 and 1850, being Speaker in the latter 
year. In 1851 he was elected to Congress from the 4th District, 
and at the expiration of his term was re-elected. In 1855 he be- 
came a Judge of the Superior Court, continuing in office until 1863. 
In 1870 he was promoted to the Supreme Bench. He was Chief 
justice from June 5, 1873, to February 9, 1874, when he became 
disqualified by reason of having reached the age of 70 \ears, and 
retired from the Bench, which he had greatly adorned. Upon his 
retirement from the Bench he resumed the practice of the law. be- 
ing consulted in a great number of important cases. He served on 
various State Commissions, one of which was that appointed to 
settle the disjjuted boundaries between Xew "N'ork and Connecticut. 
His most im])ortant recent public dnt\' was that upon the ci^mmis- 
sion to revise the Ci\il Practice in llie State comis. ( )f this com- 
mission he was the chief ])art. and the report adonted by the com- 
mission, of which he is the reputed author, was ratified by the Lccis- 
lature and is now the established law of the commonwealth. The 
series of brilliant lectures delivered by him before the ^'ale Law 
School and members of the Xew Haven liar, in advocacy of the 
ado])tion of the revised ci\il i)ractice. had much to do with its final 
adoption. Though advanced in \fars he was elected a member of 
the House of Re])resentatives of Connecticut in 1880. and was a con- 
trolling s,Y>\\-\t in that bodv. although his usefulness was imjiaired 
latterly by ill health. 

Born of a family distinguished both in law and in ])olitics. Judge 
Sexmour was one of its most brilliant scions. He was a cousin of 

-^''^mmm f i^^ 

]:ir)r',K.\I'llIC.\I, NOTICS 28/ 

lliiralio SfMtiiiur of .\\\\ \'ni-k, ;i rclalivc nf l-'x-CinxTiior 'j'lioinas 
H. Scxniiiur 111 C'onnc'clicut, and leaves hcliind liini two sons at the 
Jiar, Alorris W. v^cNinour of 15ri(lL;c])orl ami l-'dward W. Seymour 
of Litchfield; another son. Rev. vSturrs ( ). Sc'ynmur is a prominent 
I{pisco])al eler^\inan in Ijtchfield. In ])Mliiir> jnd,i4'e Se}'mour was 
a consistent. unflincliinL;- and earnest denmcral. In reliL^ion lie was 
an K])iscopalian. heinj.;' a devoul and dcN'oled I'hnrehman. 

While Indge Seymour was ])roniinenl in all the walks of life, 
whether in church affairs, i)oliticall\ or si iciall\. he will he chiefly 
rememl)ered as a great lawyer and a gndd man. I'>y his ipialities of 
mind and training he was specially fitted to ornament the I5ar. His 
intellect was clear and cloudless; he grasped the salient i)oints of a 
controvers\- w ith remarkrd)le ease and ipiickness ; in statement he 
was luminous, pers])icaciiius and strong. His style of oratory was 
simple unornamental hut ])ellucid and most con\incing. Those who 
h.eard him argue a case were cinndnced in s])ite of themselves that 
judge Seymour reasoned from internal ennx'iction of the truth of 
iiis cause and they felt that the argument tiowed from his intellect 
as a logical sequence of estahlished facts. Hence he was, while 
unrhetorical. a most persuasive speaker. Ily his death the I'ar of 
the State loses its hrightest luminary, his i)arty an ahle and cft'ective, 
advocate, the church a pious and nuhle meniher. and society 
one who was amiahle, gentle and aflectionate. and who loved 
mankind hecause he recognized in theiu something akin to di\-init_\-. 
Mewed in every aspect his death must he regarded as a pul)lic 
calamity. That he will rest in peace needs no assurance. With 
such a nohle life, such lofty aspirations, such a pure purpose, and 
with such noble fulfillments of the promises of his early manhood, 
he leaves behind him a record which, while it is the honor and glory 
of his family, is also a delight and l)lessing to the jxiblic. Judge 
Seymottr was a good and great man. He needs no further eulog}'. 

His portrait is on page 210. 

OziAS SiCV-MOfK was horn in Litchfield July 3. I77<">. was a brother 
of Aloses Seymour, Jr. lie held the olhce of Sheriff from 1825, 
when he succeeded his brother in that oHlce. to 1834. He was the 
father of the late Chief Justice Seymour. He died ni Litchfield. 
His picture is included in the Seymour group. 

Morris W. Skv-MOUR, son of the late Chief Justice Origen S. 
Seymour and brother of the late Supreme Court Judge, Edward W. 
Seymour, was born in Litchfield in 1842, was a member of the class 
of 1866 Yale, graduated from Columbia Law School in 1868 and was 
at once admitted to the Litchfield County Bar. Mr. S'eymour l)e- 
gan practice in Bridgeport and was soon elected successively city 
clerk, cit\- attorne\- and corporation counsel. In 1881 and 1882 he 
was a luember of the State Senate and was chiefiy instrumental in 
establishing the State Board of Pardons of which he has been for 
manv vears. a valued member. He has been lecturer on law at ^ ale 

jSS 1.1 Tell i'ii:i.i> Cdi'N'i'N' i;i:\ni and i:.\r 

l'iii\cr>ily ami has i^ivcii especial attention tn adiiiiraliiy and ])atent 
cases in the hii^hest courts of the natinn, Mr. Seynmur's suiiinier 
residence is at the old lionie^iead in l.itchlielil. 

( )|\1(',i:n Stokks Si:n' .MtuK, is a son ot Morris \\ . Seymour, gradu- 
ated from \'ale Coilej^e in iSi)4 and from \'ale Law School in l.Syf) 
and was admitted to this lUir in i8ij(). Is in practice in Xew York 

1''k.\\k W. Si:v-Mc)LK. born in Colebrook in 1871, graduated from 
^'ale Collei^e in 1892 from Yale Law School in i8(;4, admitted to 
this JUir in i8(;4. Resides in W'insted and is judi^e of the Win- 
chester Town Court, and jnd.Lic of J'rohate of that district. 

J.\.Mi:s 1'. Sii I'.i.i.i'.v was horn in Torrin^ton in i85(j and admitted 
to this lUir in 1889. Resides and practices at \\ insted. Has a 
lariie practice in Pension matters and Covernment claims. 

C.KoRC.i-: F. SiiKi.To.N was a native of Southhury. hut was ad- 
mitted to this liar in 1851. He located at Seymour and soon he- 
came interested in extensive manufacturing- o])erations in that town. 
He was very active in State Military matters and at one time held 
the office of Major General, lie was also \ery prominent in politi- 
cal affairs, lie died at Scxniour, ( IctolxM" 17, 1902. 

Gkokc.I'; F. Siiia.Tox was born in Southhury and graduated hum 
Yale College in 1877. He studied law in Woodbury and was ad- 
mitted to this in 1880. His ])rofessional life has i)een in the 
Western States \ery much interested in railroad litigation. He is 
now in ])ractice in llutte, Montana, and is one of the counsel for 
Senator William A. C'lark in his extensi\-e mining industries. 

Sti;i'I!i:n was admitted to this Bar in 1811 from 

l).\.\ji-:i, Siii-:uMA.\', of \\'oo(lhury, horn .\ugust 14. I72r. was 
])erha])s the most distinguished man that had arisen in the town 
];revious to his day. lie was a descendant of Samuel Sherman, of 
Stratford who emigrated to this countr\- from hjigland. in com])any 
with his brother. Kev. John Sherman, and his iiei»hew, C:\\)[. John 
Sherman, ancestor of Hon. Roger Sherman. Me was a justice of 
the (|Uorum for iw (. nly-five years, a Judge of the Litchfield Count}' 
Cfjurt for five years from 1786. h'or sixteen \ears he was I'rohate 
Clerk for the district of Woodbury, and judge of that district for 
thirty-seven years, lie represented his nati\e town iu the ('.eneral 
Assemljly sixty-five sessions, retaining the unbounded confidence 
of ills fell(jw-cili;^cns. Thi.s was b\ far the lougest i)eriod of time 
any (jne has ever re])resenteil the town. Me was a member of the 
Council of Safel\- from 1777 to 17X1. 1 L' was a man of command- 
ing |)owers of mind, of sterling integrity, and e\er\ wa\ tpialified 
for tile varif)us pu])lic trusts confided to his care. I le died at Wood- 
bin-y, July j, 170";. fnll of houdrs. and was followed b\ the atiec- 

(^■* Hi^^ipiLi 

•• Ai 




_ 4L/" ■^'-•■t'^tc^'i-r^ 


Reduced Facsimile of Layout of Land by Roger Sherman. 

^ ; , rn r k^!lk„.,rn Inserl in Bench and Bar Book- 

Compliments oj U. L. Kilbourn. 

j;i(i(,K.\i'iiicAi< .\oTi;s 289 

tidiiali.' rcciilkTliMii> df ihc iiilialiitaiit^ of llir U>\\\\ a.mcm^ whom 
he had S(i Inn-- Wwl. (llislnry ot WixMlhur}). Me was tlie- aii- 
ceslur (if Majiir-Cc'iHTal Wilhani '1\ Shrnnan. and >>[ lldii. John 
SlKTUiait. M. C". 

I\(m,i;r Siii'.KM.w, a sis^ncr of ihi- Dtclaralic^n of JiidciJenilciicc in 
ijy'K was l)orn in Massachusetts, and came to New Milford in 1750. 
He was admitied to this I'.ar in 1754 and in 1761 removed to Xew 
Haven where he h\ed nniil his death. Jul}' J3, ^7[)i- See article on 
Sij^ners (ji the Deehiraliim. i)at^e 17-'. 

()l.l\-KR SkiX-\'i:k. l)orn in l.ilehlielil jul\- iS, 1782. and admitted 
to this Jiar in 1803. 

RiciiAKi) Skinm:k. iJv. 1). was Ijorn in Litcliheld May 30th, 
1778, tile son of General Timothy Skimier and Snsannah Marsh, 
his wife. He was admitted to the I'-ar in 1800, and removed to 
Manchester, \ t. 

Al the deidcation of the Mark Skinner Lihrary in that town 
July 7. i8(j7, the following sketch of Richard Skinner was given by 
liis townsman, judge Loveland Munson: 'it was in the year 1800 
that kiclianl Skinner, then 22 }ears of age, and fresh from the 
Litchfield Law School, became a resident of Manchester and com- 
menced the practice of his profession. He was appointed State's 
Attorney for liennington County in the second year of his ])ractice. 
was elected Judge of Probate for the District of Manchester five 
years later, and was continued in those othces until called to more 
important fields of service. He was a memljer of Congress from 
1813 to 1815, three times chosen Governor of the State, a Judge of 
the Sii])reme Court of the State for eight years, the first Chief Judge 
of the Court as now organized. The esteem in which he was held 
is sulliciently attested by the fact that for twenty-eight years, and 
until his voluntary retirement, he was continuously in the public 
service." His death occurred in Manchester May 2^. 1833. 

RocKR Skix.\1':r was a brother of Richard Skinner, and was 
l^orn in Litchfield June 10, 1773. and admitted to the Bar in 1793. 
He began practice in Litchfield Init removed to the State of Xew 
York. He was Judge of the United States Court in the Xorthern 
District of that State. 

Roc.i-;k S. Skixx1':k graduate from Yale College in 1813 and was 
admitted to this Lar in 1816. 

L.AKzii.i.Ai Sr.ossox graduated from ^'ale College in 1791, was 
admitted to the Fairfield County Ikir in 1793, and settled in Kent, 
where lie died in 1843. (See Loardman's Sketches). 

loiix Si.ossox. a son of the foregoing was admitted t(^ this Lar 
in 1801. Resided in Kent where he was a ])rosi)er(ins merchant. 

^^'l^.I.IA:\t Si.ossox"^ was admitted to this I'.ar in 1800 from Kent. 


LlTClll'll'.l.l) COIN TV r.i:\CII AM) I'.AR 

Aaron" Smith wris a son of Ccu. I^avid .Smiili of I'lyiiKuUh, ^Tad- 
liatcil ai ^'alc' in i7<jO. studied at Ureses Law Sclmoi and was ad- 
mitted to this Uar in 1793. In 1809 he located in I.ilehlieM, wliere 
lie liehl many ollicial jiositions and (Hed there in 1S34. 

awyer in Sharon in iSkj, 1820. 

admitted to this I'ar in 1828, 
S_:;3 and practiced tliere for forty 

Ci[Af.\cKv Smith, was 
(Conn Rci:;;-.) 

EkASTfS Smith of I'lyniontli wa 
and located in llartford alxmt 
years, lie died in 1S78. 

Jamks W. Smith admitted to tliis liar in 18.S4. Tic went to 
Kansas and practiced a few years and in 181)5 returned to Winsted 
where he is now in ])ractice. 

John CoTTox Smith, l:)i_H-n 
in Sliaron l'\'l)ruar\-, 12, 1765, 
graduated from Yale in 1783, 
admitted to this liar in 1786. 
He located in his natix'e town 
where he died Decemher 7th, 
1845. ^''^ whole life was one 
continual employment in ])uh- 
lic oHicial capacitx, was rc])- 
pescntati\'e in Congress fnur 
terms; jndi;c of the Snperior 
and Supreme Courts of Con- 
necticut ; (lOvcrnor of Con- 
necticut 1813 to 1817. It is 
impossihle in this hrief state- 
ment to merition all of his other positions. A memorial l)iog"rai)hy 
of his life was ])uhlished. See lioardman's I{arly Lii^hts. 

Joirx Cottox S.MiTir, Jr., born in Tivoli, X. Y., o-raduated from 
Yale in 1830, admitted to the liar in 1832. lie resided in Sharon 
and is known much better as a ])olitician than lawyer, lie held a 
very influential i)osition in the Democratic i)arty for many _\cars. 
He died at Sharon, Xovemher 21, 1871;, a,i;-cd ()S: years. 

JosKi'ir L. SMiTir. born in New liritain, Conn.. Afay 2^, ^//C')' 
located in Litchfield about 1802, where he ])racticed until the war 
of 1812. lie married one of l'4)hriam Kirbx's daut;hters. In con- 
sequence of the active ])art he took in the (>th of Aui^iist Festival 
1806, he lost most of his i)ractice. He was appointed by the ad- 
ministration a Major in the war of 1812. remaining; in service till 
1818. when he ri'nioxed to I'Morida. l'"rom 1823 to 1827 he was 
a Jud^e of the I'nited States District Court for h'lorida. lie died 
at St. Aus'ustine May 24. 1846. Ccn. I'4)hriam Kirby Smith who 
was the last Confederate Ceneral to surrender his command was a 
descendant of the above. 

i!i()C,ir\i'ii iCAi, NOTKS 291 

JuNll'S Smiiii w.'is a Mill (if (kmi. I)a\i(l Siiiilli an<l a brotlK-r of 
Aaron Smith, I)(>ni in I'lyiiKnitli ()ct<ilnr j. ijSo. Ik- i^raduated 
at Yale C'()lK\^-e in iSoj, and llicn alk'Uik'il llic Litrliliflil Law 
School, and was admitted to the liar and he^an his ])raclice in 
New lla\'(.'n, hnt snon heranif intein'>ti.'<l in niereantiU- hnsiness 
which necessitated his removal in \^u^ to London, l'".n,L;land, and 
in which he was en^ai^ed Until ahont 1H32. 

Dm'in^' this ])eriiid Koliert I'"nltiin had demonstrated the ])ractic- 
ahilit)' of nsini;' steam fur propelling- \-esst'ls and Snn'th conccivcfl 
the idea that steam cnuld he used in ( )cean Xaxd^ation. It was a 
preposterous scheme at that time. The little hoats would move on 
narrow rivers outside of \\a\es and winds hnt on the broad bosom 
of the ocean Xeptiuie's ])ower could not he withstood, and Smith's 
efforts were laughed at as fancies of an idle dreamer. He per- 
severed, however, after man\- rebuffs both in Ln^laml and .America 
some of which were stranj^ely lau.^hable ; he succeeded in chartering" 
a trial vessel but no one would take any stock in his building one. 
After six years the Sirius- a small craft of seven hundred tons 
steamed out of the harbor of Cork on .\])ril 4, 1838. bonnrl for 
America or as the papers of the day had it for destruction, but in 
nineteen days steamed into the bay of Xew York. 

The arriwd of this craft under steam in Xew Ynvk opened the 
new era of commerce and it was not long before a cnmjiany was 
formed and a new steamship called the l'.riti>h (Jueen was built 
and soon Smith received great honors, A'ale College adding an L. 
L. D. to his name. 

He subsequently bought a plantation in South Carolina and be- 
gan the culture of the tea ]ilant which he imported from China, and 
proved the possibility of growing it successfully in the I'nited States. 

XiATiiAXiKL S:\riT]i: was born in 1762, within the limits of the 
present town of Washington, then a part of Woodbury. He com- 
menced life a farmer and cattle dealer, with scarcely the advantages 
of a common education. Such, however, was the imi)ulse of his 
powers, he surmounted all obstacles. Studied law with Ephraim 
Kirby and Judge Reeve, at Litchfield, and was admitted to the Bar 
in that county in 1787. He commenced the practice of law at 
W'oodbury and rose more ra])idl\- to the highest grade of his pro- 
fession than almost any other man has done. His jiowers of 
thought and elocution gave him almost unlimited dominion over his 
audience. He was a member of the House of Rcjircsentatives in 
the State Legislature October 1789, October 1791. May 1792. Oc- 
tober 1794 and May 1795. In 1797 he was elected a representative 
from this State in the Congress of the L'nited States. Having- 
served in that capacity two terms he declined a re-election in 1801. 
In 1802, he was elected to the Council or Upper House of the 
Legislature of this State; a situation he resigned in 1804. In 1805, 
he was appointed States Attorncv for the County (^f Litchfield, and 


Jiulo-e (if the Supreme Court, in Ociolicr. iSd^). In the hitter of- 
fice he contiuued uutil l8l(). lie (Hed March Sth, l8_'_'. 

\a rii.\M;i. 1'). Smiiii. Ixini in W'lKulhury l)ecenil)er 1795. gradu- 
ated from Yale ColleLie iu 1S15 and achnitted to this liar in 1818. 
He hei^-an practice at Xew llaven but soon removed to Woodbury. 
He continned in practice onl\- a few years, lie died in \\ ()0(ll)nr_\-. 

CoF.. Xaiiianki; S.mitii. a son of Nathaniel W. Smith, born in 
Woodbury in 1831. admitted to the liar. Never eng-aged in the 
practice of law and dnring the rebellion was appointed Major of 
the 19th Conn. Infantry and was i)romoted to be its Lieutenant 
Colonel, resigning therefrom for disabilit}' May 6, 18O4. He died 
at W(Hidbnr_\- August 2(1. 1877. 

Nathan Smith was born in Roxbury in 1770 and was admitted 
to this L'.ar in 1792 and located in Xew llaven. He became one of 
the most celebrated lawyers in the State, and had a very extensive 
business. He was United States Senator and died while holding 

that position in the City of Wasliington. December 6, 1835. 

rKRRY S-MiTii was born in Washington, Conn., studied law at 
the Litchfield Law School and was admitted to the liar in 1807 and 
settled in New Milford, where he died in 1852. He was a I'nited 
States Senator for six years from 3*larch 4. 1837. 

1'iiixi-:as S-MiTii, Jr. was a younger brother of Hon. Truman 
Smith. l)orn in Roxbury, graduated from Yale College in 181O, ad- 
mitted to this in 1818 and removed to N'ermont. where he died. 

RiCJiARD S-Ainii was born in Roxbury in 17^)9. graduated from 
Yale College in 1797. admitted to this l'.ar in 1801 and tlied in 1805. 

kiciiARi) Smith, a natiw of Sharon graduated from ^ ale Col- 
lege in 1825, admitted to the l'.ar in 1830. died iu Sharon, December 
21, 1878, aged j(k 

Trl-Max Smith was a son of Phineas and Deborah Ann (Jud- 
son) Smith and was Ix.rn in Roxbury, Conn, on the 27th of Xovem- 
ber, 179F. 

.Mr. Smith graduated at Yale College in the class of 1815, was 
adnutted to the l'.ar in 1818. and located in LitchfieUl where he re- 
sided until 1854 when he removed io Stamford, residing there untd 
his death, May 3rd, 1885. 

Two of his imcles, Xathaniel Smith and Xathan Smith had at- 
tained fame and rank at the l'.ar and in pnblic life, and it seems 
natural that Truman Smith should be a snccessful ivracl loner and 
be honored with many ]X)litical ollices. lie was a meml)er of the 
State Legislature in 1831, 1832, and 1834. lie was a member of 
the 26th "and 27th Congress n83{j-43) for the 5th District and of 
the 2<;th and 3()th (1843 to 1841;) for the 4th District, lie was 

I'.loi'.K AI'IIU' AT, NO'l'I'S 293 

cliainiian nf ilic Xatiimal Ci nniiiilti'c in llic 'I'aylur cain])a<;in and 
(ilTc'iX'd a sial in llu' C'al)in(,'t whirli lie declined. I""nini 1S49 to 1854 
lie was a nieiiiber nf llie l'. S. Senate. This liuiiur he rc.>;i.i(ncd and 
• ipeiied an nlliee in the cit\- ot .\ew ^'(l^k. and ennlinned in ])raclicc 
there until the i()th day of Maw 1871. when he handed over all his 
business to a xcnnii^er lawyer. L'ephas llrainerd, retaining;' in his own 
hands but two cases, known as the Lockwood and the llumaston 

President Linenhi ajjpDinled Mr. Smith Jud_^c on the part of the 
United Slatt's nf the .\li\eil C'Durt at \ew \'ork. cstal)lishcd under 
the treaty of 7th of .\i)ril. iSOj, with (ireat Kritain. ainT he held that 
position until the al)r( i,L;ati(in (if the treaty in 1870. 

At tile Litchfield School where he acquired the ])reliniinary 
knowledge of his {profession, he was under the instruction of Ta])- 
ping Reeve and janies Could; and anidiiL; liis fellow students were 
John M. Clayton of IJeleware and John \'. Mason of ^'ir,<>•inia. 

l^])on entering- Congress. Mr. Smith at once took a ])rominent 
position. He was a nienil)er of the Committee to wdiich were finally 
referred some of the questions arising in regard to the famous Xew 
Jersey Election case and he drafted the minority re]:)ort upon that 
case. This the majority in Congress refused to print, but it wa.'? 
printed in Xew Jersey and largely circulated. His associates in the 
minority report were Millard Fillmore, jcdni Minor IVitts and 15en- 
jamin Randall. The discussion was conducted with the greatest 
acrimony and John Ouincy .\dams in his Diary sa\s. "Mr. Smith 
made a speech of three hours in answer to Fisher's most disingenuous 

It was Afr. Smith's habit all through his Congressional career 
to discuss /// cwtcnso some of the more important measures ])ending 
in the various sessions, and these speeches he always circulated 
among his constituents, his feeling being that they ought to know 
from the printed speeches as well as from the votes of their re])rc- 
sentatives what they were actually doing and saying in Congress. 

Mr. Smith was deeply interested in legislation looking to tlie 
improvement of the means of communication in the country, hence 
he was exceedingly active in regard to the construction of the Sault 
Ste. IVIarie canal. Perhaps it may be safely said that the initiation 
and construction of the canal w-as more due to him than to any otlier 
one person. One of his last speeches in the Senate was in advocacy 
of a railroad and telegrajjh line connecting the two oceans. 

Shortly before he resigned from the Senate he made his s])eech 
famous at that time and since, in reply to Douglas and against the 
repeal of the Missouri Compromise. 

]Mr. Smith came to Xew York at the age of sixty-three. i)robably 
too late in life to attain at that l')ar a success correspondent to his 
talents and learning. The most important case which he conducted 
there was Lockicood t'.v. Jlir .V. ]'. Central Railroad which is re- 
ported in 17 Wall. 32 r. The (juestion jiresented was whether it 

294 i.iTciii-iKi.D corxTv r,i:xcir axd 

was i-oiiipctciU fur a CMnuiioii carrier In srourc cxcni])ti()n from 
liabilit\- fur iK'i;ii_L;vncc 1)_\ a slipulalitm in a lickcl lo that effect. The 
particular action was in favor of a drover who was takinj^ cattle 
over the mad under wliat was called a drover's pass. The courts 
of Xew \'ork had decideil in favor of the exemption. Mr. Smith's 
action was hrouL;iU in the Tniled Slates Circuit L'ourt and Mr, 
Justice Smalley overruled the defense and the jury returned a ver- 
dict for $25,000. This verdict was set aside by Mv. Justice Nelson 
on ajijieal as excessive. The case came on for a second trial before 
Mr. justice WoodruiT who also overruled the defense and the jury 
fcnnid a verdict for $17,500. 

The case was then taken to the Sui)reine Court of the I'nited 
States and aroued on the J5th and if)th of January, 1873. Mr. 
Smith attendecl u])on this aro-ument and opened the case in an ad- 
dress of an hour on behalf of the respondent. He aro-ucd the case 
upon a most elaljorate brief which examined all the authorities bear- 
ing- u])on the (picstion and it was most carefully reasoned. The 
Su|)reme Court, speakin:;- by ^\v. Justice l>radley, sustained the 
jucli^-ment below and a most elal)orate opinion was written; in fact 
this is the leadino- case upon the subject in this country today. 

The other case which ?\lr. Smith retained in his hands, the 
■Humaston case, was tried before a jury, beginning- on November 
15th, 1871 and continuing- for thirteen days. This suit was against 
the Western Union Telegraph Company. Mr. Smith had as his 
opponents John Ix. I'orter. C.eorge GiiTord, C.rosvenor V. Lowry and 
Charles Francis Stone. It involved first, a very imjioriant cpiestion 
respecting the interpretation of the contract between the parties 
and, secondly, the value of the inventions under discussion over and 
above the cash which had already been paid upon them. Mr. Smith 
opened the case in an address of two hours in which he explained in 
detail the various inventions for the transmission of messages by 
telegra])h and the case proceeded. Mr. Smith was alone in the case 
save only a young assistant whose chief business was to read ]Kipers 
and extracts from authorities. 

During the progress of the case the cpiestion of the construction 
of the instument arose and was argued at length, Mr. Smith occu- 
])ving ])racticall\- an entire daw under the suggestions of the prc- 
siding Justice, in developing his view of the case. The presiding 
Justice afterwards remarked that considering ^Ir. Smith's age. it 
was the most remarkable exhibition of physical and mental ix-)wer 
he had ever witnessed. The case was closed and the jury went (nit 
about six o'clock on tlu' i.^li <l'i.v <^^ the trial, Judge Porter having 
occu])ied lln' th-st i)arl of the da\' in summing uj) for the detense and 
Mr. Smith the latter ])art in summing u]) for the plainlilV. The jury 
found a moderate verdict in favor of the plaintilT for $7,500. 

The TTumaston was a remarkable case in that Mr. Smith, who 
liecame eighty during the trial, was able to stand that amount of 
wr)rk without exhibiting any diminution of force at any lime during 

lUoC.K Al'll IC AT, NoTl'.S 295 

the trial. 'I'lial car-c al-o wciil to [\]v Supiaiiic C'uun of ilic- rnitf<l 
States and was ar.t;uc(l lliere mi lln' .V't'i "'' March. 1S74. Mr. Siiiith_ 
closini;- the ar.^nmeiit. That nmrt Imux-ver sustaim-<l the rnhnL;- ol 

IndL^t' W h-ulT (111 the iiilerpretatinn of tlu' eoiitraet, and deleated 

Air. Smith. 

Wr. Smith was ver_\- effeeliw hefore juries, his eoiniiiandin.L^ 
presence and voice, his ^real moral force, his readiness in retort, 
his wit, his conr.'.-e and his c;'i)acity as an actor and his elaborate 
prei)aration made him a very dan.nerous adversary. 

Always a believer in the essential doctrines of Christianity, a.s 
taui^-ht in llie clmrclies of Xew l'ji,L;iand, late in lil"e he became a 
commnnicant in the rresbyterian C'linrch of Stamtord. 

Wi;i.ijxc.Tox 15. S.MiTii. born in Xew Hartford June 3. i<S5rj. 
was admitted to practice at this I'.ar in 1877. 1 le resides and prac- 
tices in Winstcd. Conn. lie was a member of the Constitutional 
Convention in kjoj. lie was for many years a ])rosecuting- a^ent 
for Litchtield County engaged in the suppression of the illegal sale 
of intoxicating- liquor and was the moving s])irit of the licpior trials 
a brief account of which can be found on page 155. He has repre- 
sented the town of Winchester in the Legislature and was on 
Governor Chamberlain's Staff as Judge Advocate holding the rank 
of Colonel. His portrait appears on page 158. 

SA:Mii;r, T. So^TJI.MA^■n, a native of Watertown studied in the 
Litchfield Law School and admitted to the Bar in 1795. Practiced 
in Watertown. where he died in iSr^. (See Boardman's Sketches.) 

LK-M.\x l\. Si'UACUE was a native of Salisburv and was admitted 
to the Bar in 1841. He soon after located in Woodbury and died 
there August, 1845. 

RuFus StaxlKV, of I^itchfield, admitted in 1790. 

Sin"ir P. Staples, graduated from Yale in 1797, admitted to this 
Bar in 1799, located in Xew Haven, where he died in 1861. 

DaxiKL Staru. born in Xew Milford, admitted to the Bar in 1800. 
Died May i, 1826. 

Ansel Sterling, born in Lyme. 1782, admitted to this m 
1805, located in Sharon in 1808. where he died November (>. 1853. 
(See Sedgwick's Address). 

Elisha Sterlixg, born in Lvme, graduated from A'ale hi 1787, 
admitted to the Bar in 1790, in the following year located m Salis- 
bury, where he lived until his death in 1836. (See Boardman 5 

JoHX M. Sterlixc, son of Gen. b:iisha Sterling, born 1800. in 
Sahsbury, graduated at Yale in 1820. Admitted to the m 1823. 

296 i.n\iii-ii:i.i) coLNTv i;i:ncii and i:ar 

III 1827 lie reniovcil to Cleveland, ( )liio. Was a nntcd aiui-slavery 
rofornior. lie died in riiiladclphia in 1880. 

lli:xuv W. v'>Ti;\i'.\s. admitted ti» the l'>ar in iSi i froni (."anaan. 

JAMi'.s Sti'AI-xs. burn in Sliinifnrd in \jt)^. admitted to this Uar 
in 1797. located in his naiixc town where he held man\' puhlic of- 
fices and was elected to the lOth Coni^Tess. l)ied April 4. 1835. 

]*i-:nj AM IX Stii.i;s. a nati\e of Southhurw graduated from \'ale 
in 1740. Practiced law in his nali\e town of Soullihnry. 

Ukxjamix Stii.ks, Jr. was born in Sonthbur\", August 2S, 1756, 
graduated from Yale College in 177^). was admitted to this I'ar in 
1781. and jiracticed in Woodbury, ha\-ing a very large office practice. 
He died jul\ 12. 181 7. 

Ei.iAKi.M S. Stoddaki). JK., admitted to the l'>ar in 1847 from 
Sharon. Died in v^haron Max' 14, 1805. aged 42 }ears. 

lli;xKv Stoddard was a native of Woodbury and born in 1786. 
]le was admitted to this liar in 1815, and began to practice in Kent. 
In 1818 he left Kent and went "west" with George 15. Holt of 
Norfolk, a young member of this Bar who became so distingLiished 
in his later _\ears in ( )hio. They journeyed on horseback till they 
reached Dayton. Ohio, then a little village of five or six hundred 
inhabitants. Here they located. Holt to become an honored Judge 
and citizen, and Stoddard a millionare. 

Roiuuxs Batti:i.i. StoKckel of Norfolk was born in Xew Haven 
in 1872. fitted for college at Hopkins Grammar School, graduated 
from Yale with honors in class of 1893 and Columbia Law School 
two years later being admitted to the Litchfield I'ar in i8(/). Mr. 
Stoeckel resides and ])ractices in Norfolk where he has been Judge 
of Probate for several years. 

Coi.. Adoxijau Stroxc, Judge Church sa\s. "He was uni(|ue in 
genius and manner, of large professional business, sound practical 
sense and many anecdotes of his sayings and doings are still re- 
membered and re])orted in the County." 

The following vote ap])ears upon the luir Record: "At a P>ar 
lueeting Deer. Term 1804 the following resolution was i)assed unan- 
imously viz. That Adonijah Strong, Ks(p\ on account of his great 
emminence as a lawyer and elocpience as an advocate be considered 
as a member of this Par for the ])uri)ose of instructing students, 
although he shall not continue to practice. Attest Amos Benedict, 
Clerk." ( See Warner's Reminiscences.) 

Joiix Stroxc, Jk.. born in \\'o(idbur\- December ^r. 1786, gradu- 
ated from ^'ale College in \Xn(> and a<lmitled to this I'.ar in l8o8. 
He opened an ollice in Woodbury and eontinue(l in the active dis- 
charge of his professional duties till his death in Xovcmber. 1834. 


j;|iii,K AI'll ICAI. NOTI'lS 297 

r\-\v men have occupied a lii,L;lier i)lace in the coiirnleiice an<l af- 
fections ot ilie conmuinity. Was judj^a- of i'rohale and rei)resenled 
the town in the ("General .\sseinl)ly a number of years. 

|i;iii:i>i All Si'Ko\(-,, horn in I jlclitiehh (.'onneclicnt in \J},H. i,M-ad- 
atcd from ^'ale C'olle,m' in i/()\. lie rei)resented his town in the 
General Court for thirty sessions. Was a niemher of the Conti- 
nental Cono-ress and Secretary of the Convention uiiich adoj)ted 
the Constitution of the I'nitcd States. He died in Litchfield in 1802. 

Martin Stkom'., a son of Col. Adonijali Stronj:^. admitted to 
this I'.ar in iSoi and located in Salisbury. He was Jud.ti:e of the 
Countv Court and one of its most active ma.s^istrates. f^ee Sedg- 
wick's Address). 

TiiKRox R. Strong was a son of Hon. Alartin Strong?, born in 
Salisbury in 1802, admitted to this Bar in 1823. He located at 
Rochester. X. V. lie was a member of Coni,n-ess in 1839 and a 
Judg-e of the Supreme Court of New York, 1851 to 1858, and after- 
wards a Judge of the Court of Appeals. He died in Xew ^'ork 
•City. 1873. 

Cyrus Swax was a native of Stonnington, studied in the Litch- 
field Law School and admitted to the Bar in 1798. He settled in 
Sharon and died there in 1835, aged 65. ((See Sedgwick's Ad- 

Bex.t.^:^!]^ Swri-T. admitted to the in 1802. 

Hkmax Swift, admitted to the Il'ir in iSn; from Kent. 

jNIii.Tox H. Swii'T. a native of Kent, admitted to the I'.ar in 1838. 
Removed to Ottawa, Illinois. 

Jahkz Swift, Judge Church says of him, ''He was the first law- 
ver ever settled in Salisbury and was a native of Kent. He built 
the stone house of Town Hill. Upon the breaking out of the war 
of the Revolution he joined the army m Boston and there died." 

Gkorc.Iv E. Taft, born in Sheflield, Mass. November 4th, 1854. 
admitted to this Bar in 1883 and soon after located at Uniouville in 
Hartford County, wdiere he^is now in practice. Has been a member 
of the School Board there and Judge of Probate. 

Ror,i;RT S. Tiiarfx was born in Lebanon in 17 14 and upon_ the 
formation of the County in 1751 was in practice at Xew Milford. 
He died January 9tli. 1786. ( Sec I'.oardman's Sketches"). 

JoTix g. TiiAYKR was admitted to this in iSGg and after 
practicing a short time in Xew Milford he removed to Meriden. 
Conn., w-here he is now in practice. He served four years in the 
Civil A\'ar. i86t. and in 1899 was Judge Advocate of the Depart- 
ment of Connecticut C A. R. 

298 i.i'i"(.'iii']i:i.n (.orxT^- r.i'.NCii and i'.ar 

Ja:\ii:s I'jKiMi'Sox was Ijoni in \\'(»(>(ll)uiy, Marcli 4. I7'>7, i^raihi- 
atod from Yale Collci^ejjStj, aiul \vas admitted to this War in 1791. 
He settled at New Durham. X. \'. About i(Soo he left his profession 
and entered the l\pisc(i])al Ministry. He died Au.<;ust iS, 1S44. 

JiDSox B. Thompson, admitted to the liar in 181 1. 

IIkzKkiaie Tiio:Mi'Sox was born in New Haven in 1734. sttulied 
law in Stratford, and was admitted to the Bar in Litehfield in 1763. 
He located in Woodbury. Died May 1803. "He stood well as a 
lawyer and maj^istrate, and was a .c^entleman of the old school." 6th 
Conn. Reports. 

M AKTix H. 'rjio:\iAS, admitted to the I'ar in 1808 from Salisbury. 

Ji'DSOx B. TiiO-MAS was in 1810 in Colebrook. Admitted to the 
Bar in 1808 from Salisbury. 

F. R. TiFFAXV, admitted to the in 1879. 

Gkorgk Tod, graduated from Yale College in 1795 and admitted 
to the Bar in 1797. 

Oliver A. G. Todd, born in Plymouth October 1812. admitted 
to the Bar in 1833, practiced law in Waterbury, Litchfield, New Mil- 
ford and Danbury in which latter city he died August 14, 1886. 

Da\"jd Tolmax, admitted to this Bar in 1792 from \\'oodbury. 

Uriaie Tracy, appointed States Attorney, 1794 to 1800. He 
was born in Franklin, (now Norwich), Conn., Februar\- 2. 1755, 
and graduated at Y^ale College in 1778, and read law with Judge 
Reeve at Litchfield, wdiere he was admitted to the Bar in 1780, and 
settled in that town wdiere he rose to a high eminence in his pro- 
fession. He was very largely engaged in duties of a public nature, 
and often represented his adopted town in the Legislature, and was 
Speaker of the House in 1793. Was a representative in Congress 
from 1793 to 1796, wdien he entered the Senate and was a member 
until his death in 1807, serving ])art of the time as President /to 
I em. He died at Washington, D. C. July 19. 1807, and was the 
rir>t person buried in the Congressional burying groimd. 

A:\los S. 'i'ki-AT, born in Bridgewater. I'ebruary 3. 1816, ad- 
mitted to this Bar in 1843. ])racticed in I'airfield (.\iunt\- and died 
at J'>ridge])ort A])ril 24, i(S86. 

Ski.aii B. Tui'.A'r. D. D.. born in Hartford b\'bruar\- i(>. 1804, 
g'raduated at Yale 1824, admitted to this liar in 182^). Practiced at 
East \\'indsor and I'enn Yan, New Yt)rk. In 1835 he entered the 
ministry and was Secretary of the American lioard of Commission- 
ers for Foreign Missi(tns man\- \ears. Died at P.oston. March 28th, 





i;|i K.KAl'll U'AI, NoTl'.S 299 

l'*R.\NK II. TiKK I N(.i'(iN . tlic ])i\>(.nt SlKiilT of iln' Couiity, was 
born in Morris, then a i)art of Jjtchticld. June 11, \^^4. Kcccivinji^ 
a common school education, he associated with his father in an ex- 
tensive cattle and stock hiiyin^' hnsine^s. ami hutcherinLi' for the 
wliok'sale trade at h'.ast Morris, carr\ inc^ their meats mostly Ijy 
teams to \\aterhur\. C'onn. Me was \ery nnich interested in politi- 
cal affairs, and represented his town in the Lei^islature twice — al- 
thotii^'h he was a l\e])ul)lican in a strong;- Democratic town. In 1906 
he was elected SherilT. lie is also a farmer on a larj^e scale, ownin*^ 
mc^re arable land which he successfully cultivates than any other 
])erson in Litchfield C'otmty. 

loiix S. 'rrKKii.i. was horn h'ebruary 8. 1825, attended Law 
School at Balston Sprinj^s, X. Y. and was admitted to this Bar in 
185 1. Located in New Milford, enjoying- a large practice until his 
death. July 19. 1889. He was one of the Committee who jircparcd 
the Revision of the Statutes of 1875. 

STKriiKx Twi\-ixc,, graduated at Yale College in 1795. was ad- 
mitted to this Bar in 1797, located at New Haven, where he died in 
1832. He was Steward of Yale College from 1819 to 1832. 

CiiAKi.KS Tltti.i:, ailmitted to the Har in 1856 from Xorth Cole- 

XoAii Wadii AMS, a native of Goshen, studied law at Litchfield 
Law School and was admitted to the Bar in 1793. Removed to 
Pennsylvania and was admitted to the liar of Luzerne Countw I'a. 
in 1800. 

AlbKki' Wadii \.\is, horn in Massachusetts June ig, 1819. gradu- 
ated at Norwich l'niversit\, X'ermont. and was admitted to the X'ew 
York Bar. Removed to Goshen and began the practice of law 
about 1865. He died in (joshen. ]May 1884. 

Georck W'adsavoktii, born in Litchfield, was admitted to this 
Bar in 1851. He located in Buffalo. X. V.. where he died Marcii 19, 
1907, aged 7y. 

FrEdkkrk T. W'ai.i.ack, admitted to the Bar in 1844. 

Tno:\tAS T- AX'au.. born in Torrington. February 19, 1879. Grad- 
uated at Yale Law School and was' admitted to this Bar. June 26, 
1906. Practices in Torrington. and he writes me that he is kept very 
busv between law-book agents and mercantile collection agencies. 

Arthur D. \\'arnkr, born in Southbury August 2. 1848. ad- 
mitted to this Bar April 1872. After eleven years practice at West 
Cornwall he removed to \\'oodbur.\-, where he is now in practice. 
He was Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for this County one 
term of four vears. 

300 i.riX'iii'ii-:i,i) coixi'N r.i:Mii and har 

])(i\ All) I. \\ \um:k, l)i)ni in Salishurx Scptcnil)!.'!' 15. 1819, was 
admilti-'il lo this liar in 1X4:;, sriik'd al Salisl)nrv. wiu're he de- 
ceased May 31, l<;()4. lie was jud^e nf ihc I )islricl Court and 
Court of Common J'leas eij;ht years, and nniil lie was retired by 
reason of C'onstilutional limitation of a,qe. Mis adiess on the oc- 
casion of the Centenial Celel)ration in IJichlield iS(j8, was exceed- 
inylv interesting" and a consideral)le portion of it is included in this 
ci iiiipilation. 

l)o\ \i,i) j. \\'\k\i:k, son of Donald T. ^\ anicr. and g'randson of 
judge Donald Warner, was horn in Salishurx Jul\- 24, 1885. Grad- 
uated at Yale College in 1905. and from the Law School 1908, when 
he was admitted to this I'ar. 

I)o\ Ai.i) T. \\ AKNi'iu, son of judge 1 )onald j. Warner, was horn 
in v^alishury Decemher 15, 1850. Was admitted to the l'>ar in 1873. 
lie resides in Salishurx', and has held the ollice of States Attorney 
since 1896. In 1902 he was a leading member of the Constitutional 
Convention of Connecticut. He was a member of the State Senate 
in 1895 '^"<^1 1897, in which latter year he was chairman of the 
judiciary Committee. 

Lv-AFAx F. Warxer, a native of Roxhur\-. admitted to the I^.ar 
in 1848 and removed west. 

Mir/i'ox J. Warxi:r was born in Salisbury, graduated from Wil- 
liams College, was admitted to this Bar September. 1867, and located 
at \\'averly. X. Y. Afterwards removed to Santa Fe, Xcw Mexico, 

wher he died. 

Thomas (i. WA'nuniAX, a native of Salisbury studied law with 
Ceil. JClisha Sterling and was admitted to tliis in i8(Xj. He Ijc- 
came a prominent member of the lUir in lliiighamton. X. Y.. where 
he died in ]8C)i. Author of Waterman's Digests. 

Dorc.i.ASS A\'atsox. horn Ma\- u. 1821 at Canaan, admitted to 
the r>ar in 1845. 

D\xii;r. F. Wi:i!STi;k. born in Litchfield March 14. 18^3. gradu- 
ated from Dartmouth (.'ollege in 1874 and admitted to this liar in 
1876. Located and i)racticed in Waterbury until his death in 1896. 

L'ki-dKruk C. Wi;i;sti:k. born in Litchfield ( )ctober 17. 18^0. 
C.raduated from ^'alc College in 1874 and was admiiti'il to the T>ar 
in 1876. I'ractieed law in Litchlield a short lime, then removed 
to the West. Jle resides at Missoula. .Montana, of which city he has 
been Mayor. He is now a judge of oiie ^f the Districts of that 

GiDKox' H. \\'i;i.(ii. born at I'.ast TLaddam. Conn.. Sentcmber 22. 
1844. C.raduated at N'ale College 1868. and from \:i\c Law School 
in 1870. and immcdiateK' located al 'rorrington. succeeding the late 




IIenr\ S. Ilarbiuir, l'*S(|. lie hail a lucraliw ])rarti(.H\ and held 
nunuTuus town dllicis and rL'])rcsc'nled ihc town in the Cjcncral As 
sembly in 1881 and tlu' District in the State Senate in 1897. In 1897 
upon the ap])oinlnKni of jud^e Rora])ack to the Su])erior Court 
he was appointed by the ( loxermir. Jmli^e of the Court oi Common 
Pleas, which action the Les^islature confirmed tor another term of 
four years, and is now (1907) in otlice. Picture on pai^^e 141. \\'i;i.i.s. admitted in 1813 from Hartford. 

Francis W. W i:ssi:i.i.s, admitted in 1870. Resides in ( )maha, 

SamlKi< \\'i:'i'Moki;. admitted in 1803. 

N. Wet.muki:. admitted in 1808. 

Li:\i:ki:'i'ti-: W. \\'i:sski,t.s 

was l)(irn in I,itchfielil in 
18 1 9. Jleld the ollice of 
Sheriff for twelve years 
from 1854 to 1866, succeed- 
ing' Hon. Albert Sed.c^wick, 
under whom he was a Dep- 
ut\' Sheriff for nine years. 
Was Post Master of Litch- 
tield, 1850 to 1854, a repre- 
sentative in the General 
Assembly in 1879 and again 
in 1887, was Ouarter Mas- 
ter General of the State in 
1879 and 1880. In 1862 he 
was commissioned a Col- 
onel by Governor Bucking- 
liam and by his skillful 
management organized the 

. 19th Infantry Regiment. 

afterwards the 2nd Connec- 
ticut Heavy Artillery. This was a Litchfield County Regiment and 
won a leading record for its valor in the war of the Rebellion. Col- 
onel Wessells resigned his comiuission by reason of ill health in 1863 
and was immediately appointed Provost ^larshall of the Fourtii 
IDistrict of Connecticut which oflice he held until the close of the 
Rebellion. "To his old friends in the Commonwealth and beyond 
its limits the thought tliat they are to see his face no more must 
needs be a sad one : but to him the end came as a happy release from 
the house of pain. He had lived beyond all exi)ectation and filled 
the measure of his years, had done a man's work in the world, and 
long since assured for himself an honorable place in the remembrance 
of his town and State." He died at Dover. Del. Ai)ril 4th. i8();. 

302 i.n\'ii iii;i.i> (.'(UNTv ukncii and har 

CiKoRCK ^\'ill■:A■l■()^", of Cornwall, — 'J'hc rollowinj^- is tlu- notice o£ 
his dcatii from a county nc\vs]xii)cr : 

"(1eo]"<;v W'licaton. l'".S(|., the oldest and one of the most respected 
membero of the l.itchtield County liar, died at his residence in C'orn- 
wall, on Friday evening-. Nov. _'4th. iS()3. lie was born in b'ast 
Haven in 1790, and \vas, thereft)re. in his y(A\\ year, lie removed 
to Salisbury about 1810 where he studied law with Judi^'e Church, 
then a practicing- lawyer. 1 le was admitted to the liar in 1813. when 
he made Cornwall his place of residence. Mr. W'heaton was a well- 
read, exact lawyer, a prudent business man, and a close reasoner. 
He was a valuable man in town atTairs, and enjoyed the respect and 
confidence of his fellow -citizens. lie had long- been a member of 
the Congregatitinal Church, and he was known and beloved as a 
consistent Christian. His funeral was attended at Cornwall last 
Sunda\ b\' a large number of people, among whom were many of 
the jirominent members of the Litchfield and Fairfield County liars." 

Josiri'A WniTXKv. — He was one of the early settlers of Xorfolk 
coming there from Canaan. He was a law}er and was first King's 
Attorney of the new County in 1751, appointed thereto by the new 
County Court, lie was ver\" prominent in town affairs in Norfolk 
initil about 17^)3 when it is said that he removed back to Canaan. 
I suppose hiui to have l)een the same Joshua Whitney who served 
from Canaan all through the Revolution and was a "Leftenant." 

Soi. o:\roNr \\'iiiTxr<:v. from Canaan admitted to tlie l'>ar in 17^)3. 

Cir.VRi.KS \\'iiiTTLr;si':v, born in Salisbury, graduated from Wil- 
liams College in 1840, admitted to this liar in 1844. Began practice 
in Cheshire, removed to Middletown and in 1855 to Hartford, Conn. 
\\'as States .Attorney for Middlesex County for six years. Was 
Ca])tain of C'ampany T Jjud Conn. \'ols. lie died in .Mexandria, 
\'a.. in 1874. 

l'".i.isii A WiiiTTT.KSi'.v, a native of Washington, was admitted ti) 
this liar in 1781 and soon remo\-ed to the I'onnecticut Keserve. Tn 
1823 he elected member of Congress which position he held for 
eighteen years. In 1841 he was appointed .Auditor of the Treasury 
for the 1 'ost ( )nice Dei)artment and in i84() th'st Com])troller of the 
Treasury of the Fnited vStates. 

Ro(-,i;k Wii lTTl.l•■.Sl■:^', born in Xewinglon. 17''>7. graduated from 
A'ale in 1787: studied at the Litchfield Law v^cIukiI and was ad- 
mitteil to the L>ar in 171)0. lie practiced at ."^onthinglMn and died 
there < )ctoln'r 5. 1844. 

Thomas T. ^\'lnTTl,l•'.Sl•:^'. born in 1704. graduated from A'ale 
College- in 1817; admitted to this I'.ar in i8_'(). lie located in Dan- 
bury, lie was representati\e in Ci mgress in 1827 anil 1821) and 
<lied in i8fi8. 



]{i)UiN A. Wiii'i'i:, 1)1 ini in C'liniwall. <;ra(luak-<l fnnii W'cslcyan 
l'nivcrsit\- ; adniitird Im ilii> liar in !SS2. Kcmnvcfl to tlu- State 
<it' Xcw N'lirk anil at'lrr a i)iaclitr ot' a \vw yoars al)an<l(»nc<l the law 
and became an l£pisc()])al Cleri^ynian. 1 le is now in l>li)onitield, X. J. 
lie is the author of a standard work on H])iscopal law and is en 
j^'ai^X'il in codifxiiiM- llu' riiurcli laws nf the State of Xcw ji-rsey. 

lliT.i'.Kr Williams was born in Salisbury, September 10, 1S53. 
■C»raduated from Columbia Law School in 1873: was admitted to the 
])ar in 1875 and resided in Ivakeville, his native town. He was 
Post Master in that village a number of years. He died suddenly 
September 24, 1906. 

Fkki)i:kic at. Williams, burn in Washing-ton, Conn., Xovembor 
27. 18O2. He prepared for college at the Cpson School in Xew 
Preston and graduated from the Yale Law School in 1887; also 
studving with Hon. Simcfin K. Baldwin. He was admitted to the 
Xew Haven liar in 1887 and later moved to Xew Milford. He has 
been very jDrominent in the affairs of his town and is a most elllcient 
Prosecuting Agent for Litchfield County. 

\\']LLL\-M (r. AX'iLLiA.MS, born in Stockbriilge. .Mass. Admitted 
to this Uar in 1800 and located at Sharon until 1809 when he re- 
moved to Xew Hartford, where he died in 1838. aged 59. 

Tjio>L\s Wilcox, admitted in I7(j>; from Canaan. 

AxDUKw B. WiLSox, admitted in i8C)5 from Cornwall. Practiced 
a short time at Xewtown and removed to Bridgeport, where he en- 
gaged in manufacturing. 

Ghx. Olivlr Wolcott was the first Sheriff of the County, hold- 
ing the office for more than twenty years. (See articles on Signers 
of the Declaration on page 174.J 

Oliver \\olcott, Jr., L. L. D. was born in Litchfield January 
II, 1760, and was the son of Oliver Wolcott. the Signer of the 
Declaration of Independence. At the age of thirteen he was pre- 
pared for and entered Yale College, but by reason of taking fre- 
quent vacations to go into the Revolutionary Army, did not gradu- 
ate till 1779- He was admitted to this Bar in 1781. His whole 
life was devoted to the public service and affairs. He was suc- 
cessivelv Comptroller of this State, Auditor and Secretary of the 
United 'States Treasury, Judge of the United States Circuit Court. 
President of the Bank' of America, President of the Constitutional 
Convention of Connecticut, and Governor of his native State from 
18 1 7 to 1827. He was one of the most illustrious statesmen of the 
early days of the Republic, the intimate friend and adviser of Wasii- 
ington. Adams and Hamilton: and for some time previous to his 
decease in Xew York, June 2. 1833, he was the last surviving mem- 
ber of Washington's cabinet. The departure of few men from the 
world ever produced a more deep and general feeling of sorrow. 

304 l.ll\Mll"li:i.l) COINTV I'.F.NCIl AM) I'.AK 

1)ami;i. \\"(1(>I), ;i(lnuttf(l in iy^)<-) fnnn Sharon. 

|()ii\ WOdDi'.KiiK'.i:, |k., adniiiii'd in 1S51 from Xcw Hartford. 

J{zi:kii:i, W'oodkii-i', a native of I'^arniington. i^raduated from 
Yale in 1779 and was adiuiited lo iliis lUir in 1781. He located at 
Middk'lown and in 1789 removed from the Stale. 

Ciia)KC.iv C. W'ooDKLi'F was born on the first day of December, 
1805 in Litchfield in that part of the town which is now the town 
of Morris. He was the eldest son of Maj. Gen. .Morris Woodruff, 
who was for ii years a Juclye of the County Court. George C. 
graduated at Yale in 1825, studied law at the Litchfield Law School 
under Judge Gould and was admitted to this Bar in 1827. He soon 
located" in Litchfield where he resided until his death on the 21st 
day of November, 1885. He took a leading position at the Bar of 
Litchfield County, gradually rising until he became its acknowledged 
head and was chairman of the Bar Association for many years. In 
his early life he was daily thrown into conflict with those giants of 
the profession — the two Churches, Huntington, Bacon, Smith and 
others of their able contemporaries. He held almost every ollice of 
the town and county — justice of the peace, grand juror, postmaster, 
town treasurer, town clerk, bank director and president, clerk of the 
superior court. Colonel in the ^lilitia, member and clerk of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, judge of probate, member of the Thirty-Seventh 
Congress — the duties of each in turn performed with that rigid ex- 
actness and scrupulous integrity which marks the perfect man. To 
him the state at large owes many of the best features of the revision 
of our statutes adopted in 1875. As a lawyer, Mr. Woodruff was 
prominent in those branches where certainty is possible. It was in 
the trial of questions of law, the dryer and more abstruse the better 
that his most consummate skill was shown. In the Supreme Court 
of J^rrors not infre(|uently his entire argument was written out with 
the most painstaking care. 

In whatever relation of life one looks at him as citizen, as neigh- 
bor, in i)rivate life or public station, as counsellor or judge he was 
one of the best products of our American civilization. 

(Condensed from obituary in 54. Conn. Report). 

GiCORGiC ^I. \\'oonRL"i"i- was a son of Hon. George C. W'oodrutif 
of Litchfield and enjoys the distinction of being, through liis father 
and mother, a member of the only two families in the county who 
have for three successive generations ])racticed before its courts. 
In fact it might be said for four generations as Mr. Woodruff's 
grandfather on one side was county judge and on the other sheriff'. 
He was born in Litchfield, 1836 and has been extremely active in 
state as well as town afi'airs. He jirepared for college at riiilHps 
Academy, Andovcr, graduated at Yale in 1857, the Harvard Law 
School in i85(; and was admitted to the Litchfield liar in the same 
vear. lie wa^ in the Legislature in 18^)3. 1805 and 1872. serving 

i;i( 11,1,; \IMI U'AI, Nn'l'l-.S ^O^ 

on llu' Ju(lici;ir\- (.'miiniilUT llir lii-sl two Ilthis. I Ic was town Ircas- 
lu-cr iSdd til iijof) ai'il Jud.^c <il' I'rohalL' since iS^hS with tlie cx- 
cc'])tiiin m|' (iiic year. I \v was oni.' of the slate railroad coniniissioiicrs 
fnnii nSj.i Im iS()J ;mil rliainiiaii nf iln- I' from 1875. Mr. 
Woodi-ull' was t-oiiiiiiis>iunri" idr this staU' to the I'niversal \',\- 
])osilioii at I laniliui-^- in iSfi^ and a menilier of tlic State Koard of 
edncalion from l8()5 to 1S77. Me is an active niemljer and Deacon 
in tile Coni^rci^'ational chnrcli and lia> been ])resident of the Savini(s 
Society since 1885. Me is also president of the First National I lank 
and \'ice-l 'resident of ilu' Colonial Trnst Com])any of \\'aterl)nry. 

J.\:\ii';s r. W ooDuti''!' is a son oi 1 Ion. Ceori^'e M. \\ o(jdrnl'f, horn 
in Litchfield ( )ctoher 30. i8C)8, i^radnated from Amherst Colle.i^e in 
1891 and from Yale I. aw School in i8(j3 and was admitted to this 
]5ar in i8<)3. Resides and i)raetices at Litchfield in com])any with 
liis father. 1 le re])resenled his town in the Le.^islatnre of i8(j(;-i903. 

Tloy. Tj'.wis J'>. WOoDKi'i'i", L. L. D., son of (icn. Morris Wood- 
rntT and brother of Hon. Geori;e C Woodrnff. was horn in Litch- 
field ( Sonlh Farms) jnne \(). i8o(). Preparing- for Collei;e at the 
then noted Morris Academ\', he ^radnated with hi,L;h honors from 
Yale Colle.<;e in 1830. In the fall of that year he entered the Litch- 
field Law^ School, where nnder the instruction of Ind.i;e Gould, then 
at its head, he laid the foundation of the scholarly learning- which 
secured his success at the Lar and so distinguished his judicial 
career. On C()m])leting his studies in that school he was admitted 
to the Lar of Connecticut in 1832. In October of that year he re- 
moved to the citv of Xew York, and after a successful ])ractice at 
the Lar he was. in 1850, called to the Lench. and thereafter held 
successively the offices of Judge of the Court of Common Fleas. 
Superior Court, Court of Appeals and Lnited States Circuit Court 
for the Second Judicial Circuit, which latter position he filled at 
the time of his death. A devoted lover of his native State it was 
especially ])leasing to him that Connecticut was a part of his Judi- 
cial District, maintaining a residence in Litchfield a j^ortion of the 
vear and he died at his home in that i)lace September to. 1875. 
esteemed, revered and beloved b\- all who new' him. Mis great 
learning, his remarkable i)ower of analysis, and his deep discern- 
ment and excellent judgment, reinforced by habits of profound 
study and indefatigable industr\-. and his sterling integrity insured 
his high reputation on the Fencli. 

Dignified, in his bearing, he was in the family circle tender and 
afTectionate, everywhere generous, kind and helpful. Devoted to 
his home joys, genial and cordial, he was the delight of the social 
circle, and his loving welcome, hospitable board and ever open d<^or. 
kept warm hearts constantlv about him. 

Tt was <aid of him : — 'die went to the ver\- bottom of every sub- 
ject with which he undertook to deal. Me cared not for the mul- 
tii)]icitv of details, tlu'y ne\-er clogge(l his perception of a general 

3o6 I.lTClll'lKI.D COINTV lU.NCII AND i:.\l< 

bearinii-. and nc\cr one of tluni was dcprixcd of llic exact (k\L:;:rce 
of \vcil;lu li> wliioli ii was rrlalivcly ciilillcd. I<a\v was t<) him what 
I\Iusic'or An is lo sonic nalnrcs. it engrossed him, and was a prov- 
mcc in which lie moved a Kinj;- and a Master. 

In iS()(i. Cohunhia Collci^-c of New \'ork conferred ni)on him 
the honorar\- dej^rce of Doctor of Laws. 

He married a (hiui^hter of Chief Jnslice lhirnl)lower of Xew 
Jersey. Of his three \diihhen, the eldest. Charles 11. WoodnitT, 
adt^pted hi.s father's profession, practicing;- in Xew N'ork and main- 
tainin-;- as a summer home his father's country residence; and he 
also has contributed two sons, Lewis 1'.. and iM-ederick S.. to the 
iJar of Xew ^ ork. 

Jle inirchased the jud,L;e Tappini;- Reeve residence in Litchfield 
for his summer home. His portrait appears on i)ai;e 20O in con- 
nection with the Law School. 

]\loKKis WooDKii'i' was for mar.y years one of the Judges of the 
Count \ Court, and apparently a standing committee for the lay-out 
of highwavs and the transaction of matters of a similar nature. He 
was a Major General of the State Militia and held very many town 
and county public othces. His two sons, George C. and Lewis B. 
became Attorneys of the highest standing, while his only daughter 
was the esteemed wife of the late Chief justice Seymour. He w^as 
liorn in Litchfield in 1777 and tlied in 1841. 

PiTKix Cowi.KS Wriciit was born in Canaan [Nfay 1835. Grad- 
uated at Williams in 1852 and admitted to practice in 1855. He re- 
moved t(T Towa. He was the Grand High Priest of Iowa in 1868-9. 
He died at Somerville, Tenn. September 15th. 1896- 

b)iiN F. WvNXK, born at Sandistield, ^lass., i860. Admitted 
to the I'.ar in 1881. Settled at Unionville in the town of Farming- 
ton wdiich tow^n he represented in the Legislature in 1886. Sub- 
sequentl}- he removed to Xew Haven where he is now in practice. 

joiix I). ^'ai.K. SheritT of the County from 1878 to 1881. He 
was born in Canaan in 1826. At the close of his term of ollice he 
resided in Winsted and was eniiiloyt'd as a commercial traveler. He 
removed to Hartford, and retired from active business j)ursuits. 
i-fe died in Hartford \i)ril 24, 1905. 


.M.w rp ri.i'.Asi'. Til i; mi irr. 


In llic ])i"e])ar;ui<m nf lliis \(i1uiik' ilic c()m])ikT lias collected many 
items not exaclK' ain'opos to the .general scheme of the book. They 
are, lio\\e\'er, ])a|)ers and doenments of such i^'eneral interest that 
they should be ])reserved. ami 1 have i)rinted them herein under an 
old law term, that they ma\ be available at some future time. I 
have not aimed at any particular arrani^ement, and the reader if he 
is a lav;ver. mav demur to tlvjm, j^lead in abatement, move to strike 
out. erase, or for a more ])articular statement, just as he pleases. 
There will be no charge beyond the ])rice of the book whether he 
wins or loses his motion; if he is a layman he ma\- omit them alto- 
gether. J have included a number of i)ictures which ma\' add to 
the interest of the book. 

"This world is but a fleeting- show. 

And soon ^rim death will jerk us 
So let's be ha])i)_\' as we j4'o. 

And all cn)o\- the circus." 


In the earlier ]:)reparation of this volume I was promised an 
original article by the late Hon. Charles V>. Andrews, but his lament- 
ed decease prevented me from obtaining one in his own writing. ( )f 
course those who read the Connecticut Reports are familiar with his 
legal o])inions as found in those Reports. Judge Andrews v.-as. 
however, a writer on many other subjects besides legal opinions. 
The following is an address which he delivered, which will serve to 
show his style of thought and comjiosition. and is also a review of 
many of the matters contained in this volume. He gave it to me 
as his Contribution to one of our ban(|uets. 

^lo i.iTciii"ii:i.i) ci)LNTv i;i;ncil AM) i;au 


\'ou L;"i\'c it, Mr. rrcsidciU. as the result of ynur rctlcctioiis. that 
tlic juilicial power is llie liinlicst in the trinit_\' of the !4"overnnieiital 
])o\\ers. 1 a])])relien(l that most thoughtful persons will at^ree with 
yon for the reasons \(iu have i;iven. In every s^overnnient of laws, 
the courts hold the most im])ortant place. 'l~he lei.;"islature may he 
nominally higher than the judiciary; hut in the actual experience 
of life, the courts touch the citizen more frecpientl}' and more nearly, 
than the law-making ])o\\er. The legislature ordinaril\ does no mtire 
than make rules in the ahstract ; the courts appl}' them to concrete 
cases. To the parties in an_\' given case, that seems onl_\' to be the 
law, which the court decides to be law, for the reason that the court 
must ])a>s upon the facts, as well as interpret th'' rule made by the 

Jn one of those fervid bursts of elocpience, for which Mr. ivufus 
Choate was so widelv ki:o\vn, he exclaimed: "Let us re])OSc secure 
under the shadow of a learned, impartial and trusted judiciary, and 
we need no more. Given that, and it matters little what constitution 
\()U have, or who makes the laws." 

Thinking only of that former time, when no one living was ctni- 
nected with the courts, I cherish the belief that the judiciary of Con- 
necticut has measurably fulfilled for tlie peoi)le of that state, such an 
high idea. To some extent, doubtless, this is due to the fact that 
there has been no great city in the state, so tliat the (|uestit)ns. vex- 
atious and dangerous, liable to rise from a vast, divergent and largely 
unlearned jwpulation have never brought disturbance into the courts. 
I'erhaps. also, the cities of Xew ^'ork on the one side, and r.oston 
on the other, lia\'e drawn from us other sources of troul)le. Jn an- 
other degree go:'(l fortune h;'.s come from the character of its people. 
Connecticut was a I'uritan colou\, e\en more so than ^^assachusetts. 
Jt has always been a I'uritan slate. The I'uritan, with all his wil- 
fulness, his self-assertion, his theolog\- and his dogmatism, was n 
cr)nser\\'itive cili/.en. I\es])ecl for the jjowcrs thai be was a jtart of 
hi> creed. To be sure, he intende(l to lia\'e the ])o\\ers on bis side 
nK)st of the time, and never scru])led to (piarrel with them if they 
were not: but notwithstanding, be bad the thrifty habit of economy: 
and the mone\-making man is coni])elled to ha\(.' a I'espect tor law: 
and this res])ect for the law has continued to this da\ to be a char- 
acter of the i)e()])le of the state. I'.iU mainly the result has conic 
from the judiciarv itself. In the origin:d frame of gmernment of 
tliat state all judicial jjowcr was e\erci>ed by the legi>l;Unre. The 
legislature conlimu'(| to lu^ar cases on ajjju'al until the \e:ir 17S4. 


Cow .\M)i<i:\\ s Ai)i)i<i:ss .^ 1 1 

In llial Near il was (.iiacUiI ilial llir I JmlciiaiU ( i< fvcniur anil tin- 
Council sliould constituli.' llir Su])rcnK- Courl ot' l'"rrors. In 1793 
the (lowiiior \\a> adikd lo ilic court, ami made llir ])rcsi(lin!4' judi^c. 
]{i!4lit uKiuhcrs were mcri-sarx to form a (|uorum. Il was soon the 
sul)ject of com])]aiul. llial llic mcmhers of this court were chosen 
with reference to lluir iiualifications as lej^'islators rather than as 
judj^'es. In iSo^) an aci was ])assed which transferred all the judicial 
])(jwer of ilic (".o\ernor and Council to the then Sujierior C<jurt. and 
it was made the v'^u])rcnic Court of l'".rrors. That was the oriijin of 
the SujM'emc Cotun of Errors a> il now exists. Jesse Root was at 
that time Chief justice. Including its then meml)ers, and all who 
lia\e >ince heen appointed, there ha\e heen fort\-four memhers of 
that coiu't. 'Jdiirteen of its deceased memhers ha\-e heen Chief 
lustices — [esse Root, Stei)hen .Mix Mitchell, 'rai)])in^" Reeve. Zep- 
"haniah Swift. Ste])hcn Titus llosmer. David l)a,u-^ett. Thomas Scott 
Williams. Samuel Church. Jlcnrv .Matson Waiie. William Lucius 
Storrs. Joel llinman, Thomas I'elden Ihitler and ( )i;ij.iien Storrs 
SCNUK lur. 

These were uotahle men in their da\-. and came up h) the full 
standard of heiui;" learned. im])artial and trusted. The memory ot 
every one of them is cherished h\ the i)eo])le of Connecticut with 
atifectionate |)ri(le and veneration. They were no more than a fair 
indication of the other memhers of the judges. It is little wonder, 
then, that the i:)eople of that state have reposed secure under the 
shadow of their own trusted magistracy. Xor is it a wonder that 
the court held a creditable place among other like courts in the nation. 

( )f the individual character of these and other of the judges, and 
cf the later court, others can .^peak much better than myself. 

Trior to 1819. all the judges were appointed aumiallx. There 
was a statute which provided that the judges should hold ollice dur- 
ing the pleasure of the legislature; but the legislature continued to 
manifest its ]:)leasure by annual elections, until the adoption of the 
constitution, in 181 8. Dy that constitution the judges of the Su- 
preme and Superior Courts were to hold ofiice during good behavior, 
subject to impeachment and to be removed by advice of two-thirds 
of each house of the general assembly, .\uother clause of the con- 
stitution declared that no judge or justice of the peace should be 
cai)al)le of holding otlice after he arrived at seventy years of age. 
These two ])rovisions of the constitution have given rise to the sus- 
jiicion that in Connecticut a man canned behave well as a judicial 
officer after he is seventv vears old. 

Tn 1855 there was a change by which the judicial term was made 
eight years. The legislature has always elected all judges. .An- 
other change in 1880. has so made it that the legislature elects the 
judges upon the nomination of the Governor. 

Tn the general field of law. the state of Connecticut deserves at 
least a passing- notice. Every lawyer in the countr\- has heard of 
the Litchfield Law School. More than t(^ any other, and i)erhaps 

312 ].n'ciii'ii:!.i) corxTv r.i-xcii and p.ak 

more than to all other agencies, it is nwiiiL; lo that law school, that 
the law in these I'nited States has so much uniformity, consistency 
and s\nimetr\- as il has. Thai scIkuiI was founded liy 'rai)])inL;" 
Reeve in 17S4. When Mr. I\ce\e l)ecame a jud^e of llie Sujjcrior 
Ct)nrt. in i7Sg. he a.ssociated witii himself James Ciould as a teacher. 
'Jdiev continued the school toj;ether till iSjo. judj^e Reeve died in 
1822. jud}.;e Cionld continued it till iS^^^. 1 )urino,- its existence 
there were educated nearly two tliousaud \ouiiy men. comini;' frc^n 
ever\- one of the then states. .Vmou!:.;' the numher were those who 
afterward hecame judi^es. chief justices and prominent lawyers and 
statesmen in most of the states — ^Chief justice I'.aldwin. of ( KMirj^ia ; 
John C. Calhoun; John .M . Clayton, of Deleware : Daniel S. Dick- 
inson, of Xew \'ork : Levi W'oodhury. of Maine; Theron Metcalf. 
of .Massachusetts; William llalstead. of Xew Jersey; Washiu'^-ton 
I'oe. and very many others. 

The earliest volume of reports of decided cases published in 
America was in Connecticut. h\ I{])hraim Kirhy. at Litchfield, in 
ijSt^ It has erroneously been said, that the first volume of Dal- 
lo's rejiorls was the earliest. Dallo's first volume was not published 
mitil i7<jo. 

( )f Tai)pin-;- Reeve I should speak a little more. He was nnich 
more than an ordinary man. lie was b.orn at Urookhaven, L. L. in 
1744; .Liraduated at Lrinceton in 17('3. He studied law with Jesse 
]\oot. at Hartford; settled at Litchfield in 1772. and l)eoan his law 
teaching- in 1784. He was a born teacher. Every one of the pupils 
who came under his instruction became at once inspired with a love 
of stud\ . with the s;randeur of the science and the dignity of the pro- 
fession. Jesse Root, who was the instructor of Judge Reeve, was 
himself a distinguished man. He was l)orn in Coventry. Conn.; 
graduated at J'rinceton. in I75(>. He was a preacher until I7^>3. 
when he became a lawyer in Hartford. He raised a comi)any for 
the army and became a colonel. He was a member of the Conti- 
nental Congress for four years. He was a judge of the Superior 
Court after 17S8. He pul)lished two volumes of reports. An;)ther 
Chief Justice was Zephaniah Swift, who was the author of Swift's 
I)ige>t". The older lawyers in all those states, which founded their 
law ui)on the common law. haw doubtless heard ol this book. It 
was excee(liugl\- \'aluable as an introductory book lor beginners, 
and an excellent hand-book for ])rolessional work. 

The work of the com"t in Counecticm is recorded in tlu' \-olume 
of re])orts which I have mentioned, in five volumes of Day"s l\ei)i)rts. 
and in fift\--seven volumes of Connecticut Rcjiorts. In them there 
are no startling cases. They record the litigated cases ot a i)eoiile 
nsualK- hapi)y. and intent on the arts of peace; but I leel sm^e that 
thev teach constantK the |)rinciples of that science of which Lord 
I'j'skine said: "'J'he\' are foinided in the charities of rt'ligion. in the 
l)hiloso])h\- of nature, in the triuhs of history, and in the experience 
fif common life." 



AX AkC.l MI'.XT ( ).\ A Dl'.MlkKI'.k. 

Ari;umcnl nl" I lul)(.ri \\ illi;ims, l*',s(|.. in i!k' case dI Arlluir (joml- 
iiiau vs. The Tdwn of Salishurv . iric(l in the court of C<jnimon i'lcas 
before lion. Arlluir I). W'anu-r. Jud^f. 

The lea>e ran in ihe name of Arthur ( loodiiiaii, aj^eiil for the 
Kickapoo huhan (."onipau). A ])lea in ahalenieiiL was filed on the 
claim that the suit should liaw heeii in the name of the real party, 
instead id' the c-i-eiit. d'o this ])lea in abatement the ])laintiff filed a 

Mk. Williams: If the Court ])lease. 1 ap]>iar in behalf of the 
])lea in abatement and against the demurrer. This i> a demurrer 
to a i)lea in abatement in tlie ease nominall)- of Arthur Goodman 
aj^ainst 'ldie 'i'own of Salisburx , but actually of the l\icka])oo Indian 
Medicine (.'ompauy ai^'ainst said town. 

It would be a waste of words for me to tell your Honor that I 
am like uecessitv — tliat I know no kiw . There are, however, a few 
facts in relation to this demurrer whicii 1 wonld like to ])re>ent f:) 
the Com-t. And in passing-. 1 would like to your Honor what 
vou are here for? As 1 understand it. I am here to g-ive your Honor 
the facts, and you are here to apply the law to those facts. It 
would be presiniiptious in me to attem])t to instruct your Honor as to 
what the law is, because if you don't know, you ou_q;ht not to be 
here, and I assume that because you arc here, you do know the 
whole law. 

Coming;- back to the question at issue in this case, what are the 
real facts? In order to tjbtain a ])ro])er comprehension of the case 
it will be necessary to begin our recital of facts back in the dawn 
of tradition, and I will be.gin at the time when the great Creator 
placed our common forefather. Adam, in a dcej) sleep in the Carclen 
of Kden. and from his side drew forth and fashioned that which 
has ever since been the solace and joy of mankind in all ages. — 
WOMAX. but. after all, Eve was only a side issue, and that is all 
1 am in this case. 

Taking up now the lease, for the breach of wdiich this action 
is instituted, and examining it carefull\ , yonr Honor will see that 
it gives to the Kicka]x)o Indian [Medicine Company the exclusive 
use of the town hall of Salisbury with all its ap]-)urtenances for one 
week or /o/z-rr. an absolute deed in fee, at the option of the Medicine 
Company, in i)erpetuity, so that no longer shall we be al)le to trans- 
act the ordinarv affairs and business wdiich appertain to the town 
of Salisburv, for the oratorv of the yeomen will be blended with the 
shrill crv of the Indian warwhoo]). and the beat of the festive_ tom- 
tom. Thev can build their wigwams and camphres any where in the 
town building. W hether this lease includes the town vaults. T know- 
not, for the town ollicials still hold the kevs thereto. I bit any citi- 

3 '4 

i.ri'ciii-iKi.i) LiiiNrv iiKNciL AMJ i;au 

■/x-n getting;- ihc keys to tlu" \;uilts ami desiring;" to examine tlie pro- 
bate, land or town records, could onl\ obtain access to tbeni after 
>lnnibHn!^- over tall drunken cliiet'tains, s(|ualbnL;' i>a])])ooses, fat 
s(|ua\vs and ill-smelling' do<;s. 

Xot oul\- tbal. hut \(iur Honor will see tliat it includes the town 
ball and its ai^purtenances. Aiuoni^' other appurtenances we have a 
lockup. I'mler the lauL^'naL^e -of this lease which is set forth in the 
complaint, we will no longer ])e able to apprehend olTentlcrs and 
keep them in close confinemeut in that locku]) imtil they may lie 
broui;ht before ])ro])er authority, because, forsooth, Arthur (lood- 
man. representiuL;" the Kicka])oo Indian Medicine Co.. has the ex- 
clusive lease of our locku]). And dod and \i>ur 1 lonor know that if 
these Kickajioo Indians llock into our beautiful, jjcaceful town and 
i^'et oil the rani])ai.;e. after tillini;- up with their own medicine or the 
white man's tire-water, there will be immediate need for a locku]:). 

Another ap])nrtenance connected with our town hall, and dear to 
the heart of every son of vSalisbury. is a cemetary immediately in 
the rear of that hall, where repose the bones and ashes of many of 
our honored dead. I'nder the terms of this lease, your Honor, it 
is ])ossible that when Time shall have filled the meastire of Eternit\-. 
and new ones shall have l)een born, still that hallowed ground which 
we love so much will be i^iven (wer to Indians and ta])e- worms, and 
the graves strewn with feathers. 

i.^KlCKAPOO S-^ 

ai.I!i;k'i" wadiiams maxim 315 


AlI)i.Tt W ailliani^, l'',S(|. piaclirrd law in C.oslicii. CDiiiiiij^' to this 
L'oiuih frdin ViriiioDi. lie iu'\rr IkuI an exlciisivc clicnla<;'c and 
held sonic peculiar \ic\\> rclaliw to law and i)articularly to railroad 
trusts, Init did not liw Ioul; cnnu^li {<> sec the trusts all abolished 
accordiuL; to liis ideas. I I'liuiid in lii> i)apers a yood many queer 
thiui^s, >()int' of which were \cry sensible. The followiui^ j^ood ad- 
A'ice is 1 think, worth}- of ])rcser\alion. 


''Qiiantiini MeriiiV^ 

Always be sure, in regard to the payment of your Fees, before 
your Services are Rendered. 

This is an act of justice to \i)ur clients, as well as to yoursdt. 
I will suppose }-ou do not make this i)rovision, hut render vc^luntary 
services, trusting' to the sui>pt:)sed honor of your clients, after bene- 
fiting- them, to remunerate }'ou. There are times, when your chances 
are. that the\- will imitate "Annanias and Sapphira" ])artly. or in 
full. thereb\- treating- you discreditably, and placing' no ])ropcr esti- 
mate on what }'ou ma_\- have accomplished. It is c(|ually a wronjj^. 
if excessive fees are received. In order to com])ensate yourself 
fairlv in the first case. \o\\ can seldom do it. only as you give the 
delinquents a sting, "a la mode" "reler vs. Annania- and Sap|)hira,'" 
in which case }ou loose your client probabl)-, and the mutual benefit 
is at an end. Doubtless your client suffers equally with yourself 
in the final result, which might have been avoided by you in the com- 
mencement, bv providing for your fee. Your services are cither of 
value, and should be adequatel_\- ])aid for. or they are of no value. 
It is said that a stone fitted for a wall, will not l)e left in the way. 
and in a like manner your conii)cnsation for services can be secured. 
l>efore you are placed in a required position. If this cannot be done 
i^cncraily, then you had better leave the undertaking, and follow 
some more ap]iropriate calling, by ^vhich you can be maintained. 
Therefore, legal services, freely rendered, without adequate ]>ro- 
vision for renumeration, arc, as to yourself, your clients, or any one. 
both impolitic and unwise. A wise lawyer, for any services he may 
have rendered, will scliloiii i)ermit a client, or any one, to define his 
"Oiiaiifum Meruit." 

This .\otice. von can post u]) in your office, or hang it out doors. 
b\' the side of \()ur shingle. 

A. U\ 

Albanv. X. V.. l-el). ist. 186;. 

^i(\ i.n\"iii"ii;i.i) ^■(H"^■■|•^■ i:i:\iii wd \'.\k 

The Annual Banquets 

Tlic ouc Ininilrciltli anniversary i\\ the c'>lalili>linK'nl of the 
Litchfield (.'nnnU I'.ar Assnciatinn was ohserxed l)y a (."entennial 
Celcl)ratitin at \\'in>le(l. en the i8lh nf Xoveniher, iS()S. at the 
llcardslcx' Hmise. tlien l<e|)t hy (leorL^e Sjieneer. And .-inee that 
time the r>ar has lield an Annual Ikuuinet ai al:(UU the same time 
of the Near, they hein^;' holden in different jjlaces in the county as 
accomodations could be secured. They are t^-cncrally attended by 
1)et\vcen fort>- and fifty members of the I'.ar. The exercises con- 
sist of after-dinner s])eeches, with a i^'ood deal of sini^'in^- inter- 
spersed, and all of them have been very enjoyable. 

it is im])Ossible to Q'ive a full account of these yearly ,L;atherini;-s. 
I have. ho\\e\-er. alread\" included in this book some ol the i^ood 
tbiuf^s which have been said on these occasions, and now present 
a few more. 

The invitation to the Centennial was as follows: 


(^iKl-lIvTlXG : 

r>y authority of the Litchfield County Bar you arc sumnfoned 
to ai^pear at Winsted on Friday evenins^-. Xoveml)er i8. 1898. then 
and there to answer in a complaint wherein it is complained and said. 
b'jRST Coi'XT. 

1. The Superior Court for Litchfield Cotmty was established 
within and for Litchfield Count}' in 1798. 

J. At a meeting of the "Larr" of said Count}' it was voted to 
commemorate said event at Winsted. Conn. 

3. James Huntington. Wellington 15. Smith. Leonard J. Xick- 
eisou. and Dwight C. Killiourn were a])pointed a Committee to 
carry said vote into effect. 
Skcoxd Count. 

T. Such commemoration will be held at the I'.eardsle}' Ibnise. 
Winsted Conn.. .X'ovembt-r 18. i8(j8. and con<i>t of a|net and 
other exercises commencing at 8:30 p. m. 

2. Your ]M-onii)t acce])tance of this iiuilaiion is retjuesie 1 that 
the Committee ma}' be able to guarantee the re(|uisite accommoda- 

3. Damages are assessed at ,$2 jjcr jilate. 

'Idle iilainliff is fotmd to be n\ sunieient abilit}' to proN'ide lor 
yi lur c< ini t( irt and ])leasnre. 

Jlereid' fail not but due a]>i)earanc.' )nake. or immediatel}' signify 
cause to the contrar}-. 
Winsted. Xov. 4. i8(j8. 

Till-: Com m itti:i-;. 

r'.\- bames I I niuingli ni. (."haiianan. 
1 )\\'ii'ht C\ Kilbourn. Sec'v. 

nil', n.wijii'.T _^ i; 


"C'oiiU' l);u"l< to \(iur iiikiIkt, \ r (.•'nililrcn. I'm" sIi.'iiiK'. 

W III liaw waiiikTiil ]\\<v truants, for riches or faiiK-. 
W itli a siiiik- Mil lu'i" lacT, ami a sprij^ in licr la]). 

She calls yi>u In least from lui" houiiliful laj). 

C'onu' \ oil ot tlu' law who can 1alk if yoil ])lcasc 
Till the man in the moon will allow its a cheese, 

And leave lln' old lady who never tells lies 
Asleej) w iih her handkerchief over her eyes." 

Yi-: MHxr. 

Little Waramau^' Clams 


'■\\'c have iiicl ilie ICiuniy and ihcy arc Ours.'" — Oliver II. Perry. 1.S13 

Puree of Litchtield Mushrooms 

Salu'il .\lni(iiul< Stuffed Olives 

■"The T,a\v : Ji lia> Jionnred us; may we Iioimr ii." — Daniel Webster, 1847 

Steamed Twin Lake Salmon 

"Pincli Cm I Mam" I'liiatnes ■■r)il)l)le Hill" Sauce 

"We Surgeons df the Law do ck'sperale deeds, sir." — Beaiiiiioiil and fleteher 

Supremes of Sweetbreads 

Sturgcs Case style 

'"Oh ! 'tis a l)!csse(l thing to have rich clients." — Beaununit and fleteher 

Probate Punch 
"Protect nic from the sin 
That dofMiis me to those dreadful words: 
"Mv dear, where have you been?'" — O. //'. HoUnes 

]\Iount Riga Patridges. Roasted, Stuffed with' Torrin^ton Chestnuts 

"'Fore God. my intelligence 
Costs mc more than my share oft comes to." — B. Jorison 

Knowles Salad, ■■.^io^■e to j-'rase" Dressint;- 
"Importance is one thing and learnine's another; 
But a debate's a debate, that I assert." — Congrcvc 

Canaan Tee Cream, with oriii'inal R. ami R. flavor 
'■ 'Tis better jjclly l)urst than good food be lost." 

Crackers Cheese 


"Whikst \vc together jovial .-it. 
Careless, and crowned with mirth and wit. 
We'll think of all the frfends we know 
And drink I0 all worth drinking io\"— Charles Cotton 

3i8 i.n\' 1 1 1-1 i;i.i) cor N TV r.KNCii and 


The al'tcr-cliniKr speaking- was o]Hnc(l h\' the lh>n. James Hunt- 
ington. — tor many years the l)elove(l and hi mured ])resi(lent of the 
lUir Association, and who has recently deceased. — and his si)eech 
shows in a measure the fehcitous and happ}' manner of "'I'nclc Jim." 
as lie was familiarly called 1)\- his hrelhren of the liar during the 
later years of his life. 

■'brethren of the liar of Litchfiell Counl\ : We have met this 
evening to celehrate the lOo \ears of the existence of the Superior 
Court of Litchfield County. To xou Nounger memhers of the l>ar 
it may seem a great ways back to i/tjH. but to me. who has practiced 
at the Bar two-fifths of the time (and 1 don't tell you now how old 
1 am ) it seems but a step back to the beginning. I suppose that 
some of my brethren here tonight will give something of the history 
and reminiscences of the Bar either specially or in the county gen- 
erally, but for myself. I wish to say l)ut a few words in regard to 
this celebration. I wish to direct your attention to a few of its 
peculiarities and characteristics, and the first characteristic that I 
wish to mention after the practice of two-fifths of a century at this 
Bar, is that it has the reputation of being a fighting Bar, that the 
lawyers of Litchfield County are ])ersistent tryers and fighters, they 
never let the ground go un-hoed in a case. As a Judge of the Court 
said to me not long ago "If a Judge comes to Litchfield Comity and 
expects that it will be a sort of a vacation, after he has been to Litch- 
field, and from Litchfield to Winsted and from W'insted down to 
Xew ^lilford and back again two or three times, he will go home 
thoroughly convinced that it is no vacati(in to come to Litchfield 
County and hold a long term." 

Another characteristic of this Bar is its good fellowship. It has 
been so for forty \ears and 1 iiresume it was for the sixty years 
before; it is now and I trust it e\'er will be. 

It is remarked bv attorneys from other counties in this State 
and frcjm other States, that they never came to a Bar where there 
is such good fellowshi]:) as there is in this iUir. They never address 
one another by more than half of their first name. .\nd when one 
of the boys becomes a Judge of the Suju'rior Court they with pride 
and pleasure address him as His Honor, it is ten chances to one that 
when night comes and he comes olY the llench, that the_\' address 
him as Tobey or Ed or Jerry or Lert or Cid. And he feels as much 
honored to come down to that fellowship off from the Bench as he 
is bv 1)eing respectfulK' addressed while on it In the members of 

I sa\' it is ])eculiarlv characteri>'lic of tiie I'.ar i>\ this Count}' and 
T trust it will remain so another loo years. 

Another characteristic is their self-reliance, we ha\e to rel\ on 
ourselves and it has made self reliant la\v\ers. 

II 1 \TI \i,T(i\ S ADDKI'.SS ^i'J 

.AuoIIkt lliin^', llu\ arc a tiuiL^li li>l physically a> well as mentally. 
And llu-y imisi nccessariK hr -«< >. Tlicy c<»mf u]> to llirsc >liirc 
towns in snuiincr's la-al and \\inUT"> cold. W'c start ont early in tin- 
niornin^ and .i;i) 7 <>y S miles and Iry a jnstiee case all da_\- ion:;' and 
come home in die rain and cold at ni.nlit. to<i:etlier sin.^ini^- son^s and 
telling- stories. We are call(,'(l in the nii^dit season to 1,^0 miles away 
to make the wills <it' the dyin.L;-. we are called u]Hm day after day 
to take depositions in kitchens 1)\ the kitchen stove, and instead ot 
sittino- down to snch a tine feast as this to eat we are satisfied with 
the smell of the onion> and ilie tnrnijjs and cabba.^;e that are boilinj^^ 
on the stove for the famil\ to eat. ( )ur lives are s])ent in that way 
and it has made a lon.^li lot of u- ])h_\sically. We are called ni)on 
as lawxers in the conntr\ to become all-ronnd men and to do all 
kinds of work. A coinUry lawyer is called u\nn\ to do everything al- 
most that can be done except writing sermons and writing Doctor's 
prescriptions althongh some Cornwall gentlemen can write those, 
1 am told. 

\\ anyone a-^ks what kind of lawyers does it make to practice in 
that manner, my answer is if yon take the Connecticnt Reports 
from Kirby to die 70 Conn., yon read the work of Litchfield Connty 
lawxers clear throngh the 70 \-olnmes of those re])orts. \ es, fnrther, 
it is the same kind of men that yon are, gentlemen, that 13 of them 
have rejjresented the Hench of the Snperior Conrt of this State, 
10 of them the Snpreme Conrt IJench and three of them as Chief- 
jnstices, they were men of the same experience and the same kind 
of ])ractice ; and how well hey have filled their places the records 
of the Sni)reme Conrt. the opinions, that have been written b\ them 
throngh all the Connecticnt Reports will tell yon. So we nia_\ well 
be prond of onr Connty and of onr County I'.ar. and 1 ask, when my 
time has come to join the innnmerable caravan that moves, that 
there can be nothing better said of me than that Jim Hnnting'ton 
was a resi)ectable member of the Litchfield ConiU}' luir. 

Mv brethren, 1 said to yon that 40 years practice, two-fifths 
of a cenlnrv. two-tifths of the time of this Snperior Conrt went back 
to where one could almost say it was a step back to the beginnmg. 
We have with ns tonight a brother wiiose tall form and snowy hair 
are known to yon all and who has ])racticed law in the Snperior 
Conrt over one half its time, who is a connecting link with the be- 
ginning of this court: who jiracticcd law with men who were mem- 
bers of the Bar when the Snperior Cinirt was organized, and it is 
with exceeding great ])leasnre, nothing conld give me more pleasure, 
that I introduce' to von onr venerable and honored brother. Donald 
J. Warner. 

To him it may be said, as Holmes wrote to Wdiittier on his 80th 

320 iTcii i-ii;i.i) C()^■^■•^^• im-ncii and r..\i< 

I )i.';ir friend, wlinni lh\ l'imi>C(iri.' w inUTs Ivdw more dear 

'idiau when life's roseate snmnier on liiy eheek burned in llie llusil 

oi manhood's earhest year, 
Lonelv, liow lonely I is the snowy peak 
Tin- feet have reaehed after many a year! 
Close on lli\- foot-stejjs 'mid the lantNeape drear 
I stretch ni\' hand thine answerini;' i^rasp to seek 
Warm with the lo\e n<i rijiijlini; rhymes can speak. 
J.ook backward! from tli) lotty hei.u'iit snr\ey 
'J'hv \ears of toil, of ])eacefnl \iclories won 
( )t dreams made real, lari^e hopes ontnm ! 
Look forward! bri.-^hter than earth's niornini;- ray 
Streams the pure lii^ht of 1 lea\-en's nnsettiiiL;- sun. 
The unclotided dawn of Life's immortal da_\ . 

]'\n- ludL^e Warner's address see his reminiscences, pai^e loi. 

Many letters were received from the al^sent brethren rei^retting 
their inability to attend; the one from the Hon. \Vm, L. Ransom, 
who for nearly thirty years was Clerk of the Courts enclosed as his 
response an excuse from the late jnd.t^e C.rani;er for not attending 
a Lancpiet at the Island Hotel to wdiich he had been invited, and is 
as follows : 

Dear Ransom, were my legs as limber 
As they were in da_\ s of xore. 
When I snared the festive sucker 
( )n the Whiting River shore, — 
Silvery stream, — that murmers sweetly 
Throueh fair Wangum's peaceful vales. 
Kissed b\- morning's slantmg sunl)eams. 
Fanned by evenings ])leasant gales. 

When 1 chased the obese w(Mi(lchuck 
( )"er the hills and sandy knoll 
When 1 snatched the sluggish bull heads 
Wriggling from their mudd\- holes, 
When with dog and gtm b\ moouhght 
Thmugh tile swamps and reedy fens 
I pin-sued the scented ',)olecat 
Terror of tlu' matron liens. 

Cdadlv would I climb .Mount I'isgah. 

.\l\stic mountain of the I'.ast. 

b'or the fun nf being with }<'U 

.\t \our Island I l^tel fea-t. 

r.nt, ( )li ! Kansom. tenipu^ edax 

rnremitting night and da\ 

Seventv vears has gnaweil our muscles 

Till the\'ri' in a- bad wav. 

Al.oN/.o N. l.l'.WIS ).l".'l"ri'.R 321 

^'llUllllul h(i>c' well saxi'd di ra^.^i'd 
Serw l)iil 111 liiiK' iiur spiiidk' shanks. 
And (lur shin huncs shai"]) and ja.L;',L;x'cl 
ria\' ns ]\K\v rhrnnialic ])ranks. 
Accontcrcil thus l)(.ar Kans, you see, 
The fcasl Mm si)irad is not for me, 
\\'hatever ihini^s die (".nds deny ns. 
]s for the hesl. (ickkI nii^lil. 'J'obias. 

T.eonard W. I'oi^swell, the ( )llicial Steno;;Ta])her. olTered die fol- 
lowiiiu^' < >riL;"inal 


( )li. saered soil of Litchfield Hills, 
Where Winter's winds howl drear; 
'Idle country's hest and hravest men. 
ila\e lonnd their hirlh-place here. 

The plain and simple lit'e the_\- led 
Upon these rugged hills, 
Gave vigorous health and mental slrenglh. 
Brave hearts and sturdy wills. 

Senators. C.o\ernors, Judges Preachers. 
Found here congenial soil. 
And worked their way to high reiiwwn 
With most incessant toil. 

Then let us all fresh courage take. 
And till Death our warm IMood chills, 
A\'e'll hless the I'ate that g'ave us birth 
( )n these rock-ril>l:)ed Litchfield Hills. 

At one of our haiuiuets the followmg- interesting letter was re- 
ceived from Rev. A. X. Lewis: 

]\ront])elier, X'ermont. Dec. 11. i(;()2. 

To the Alemhers of the Litchfield County Lar. in annual reunion 
convened : 

Gentlemen: — I regret exceedingly my inability to be ])resent at 
your festive gathering. Forty-five years ago at the Septeml^er term 
of the Superior Court. Judge Seymour presiding, I was admitted 
an attorney and counsellor. F. I), lieeman. Esq., was Clerk of the 
courts, and Hollister. Graves, Hubl:)ard. Toby Granger. George C. 
Woodrufif. Judge P'helps, Sedgwick. Sanford. et al.. were the lead- 
ing barristers. "There were giants in those days." The Litch- 
field ]^)ar was second to none in the state. 

The condition of things was very different than the present. 
Litchfield was an inland town, accessable only by stage and private 
convevance. The lawvers. litigants and witnesses came to stay. 
The Mansion House. I'. S. Hotel and Wheeler House were thronged 
with guests. The open hotel fires in the hotel otlices were scenes 

322 i.imii-iKi.n I'oixTv i-.i-.ncii and i;.\r 

cf mirth and jollity. William Dcmiiiij;'. Sr., Stci)lK'ii Dcmiiit;-. 1 larrv 
JJisscll and other n()ta])k'S were usually in alleudance with stories, 
jokes and re]:)artees worth recording. 

■"I'ncle" Stephen Deming" had been in his youn54er days a tavern 
keeper. .\ eertain deacon, i)rofessedly a tem])erance man. Ijut sns- 
l)ected of selling" "the ardent" on the sl\ . took up his i)arable and 
said, "l nele Stephen, when you rellecl u])on \i)ur rum-selling" days, 
the widows and orj)hans you ha\'e made and the miser\" \ou have 
caused, how do xou feel?" I ucle .^te])hen ])aused a moment and 

saick ■■ Deacon , when I think of myself. 1)\' m_\"self. I feel 

like putting" ni}" hand u])on my mouth and my mouth in the dust and 
erxing unclean, unclean, (lOd be merciful to me a sinner. lUit, Dea- 
con, when I com])are myself with m\- neig]il)oi"s 1 thank Ciod ar.J 
take courage." 

A I'lxniouth farmer had a case in Craves" hands which had been 
running- for }ears. Term after term Craves had charged continu- 
ance fee $7 ; and the farmer becoming discouraged had tried to get 
the case taken out of court, but all in vain. ( )ne day he was sitting 
on the piazza of the U. S. tlotel rehearsing his grievance to the 
kiwyers. when Graves went ])asl. 'J'he farmer ejaculated. "I hope 
to C — d Graves won"t go to hell!"" "Why not," asked one of the 
listeners. "Because." answered the farmer, "T.ecause he'd make 
trouble there.'' 

The writer of this talk was a student in lloUister ^^c Ueeman's 
office and was often employed in copying jileadings.etc. In one of the 
docunients occurred the following" sentence : "And whereas this case 
has l)een brought by regular continuances to this court, etc." In 
the copy made by the writer it read thus: ".\nd whereas this case 
has been brought l)y regular contrivances to this court!"" The 
blunder (?) caused a ripi)le of merriiuent on the bench and in the 
bar. It was too true. 

.\ ])etition for a (li\-orce was submitted to a referee or comniis- 
sii)ner who made his re])ort thereon to the court. It was charged 
by the ])etitioner that her husband on a certain occasion when she 
had returned from a drive with the co-respondent had composed and 
recited to her and her escort 1)efore the children the following lines: 

"W illiam Johnson went to ride. 
With Sarah W'ilkins for his bride. 

Returning" home I heard them say. 
\\'e'\"e had a dam good ride t<>-da\'." 

Iiuagine llollister reading with solenni fact' this poetical gem to 
the court ! 

A Litchfield lawyer, whose name 1 liaw forgotten, was ])leading 
a case of little importance before a jury, lie was very pathetic and 
solenui. so nnich so that when he conchnU'd the o])])osing counsel 
arose and said, ".Ma\- it please xoui" IJonnr. hadn't we better sing a 
Inmn ?" 

i'i;i.ic iTiKs 325 

'I'lir I lull. diark'> Cliapiiiaii '>i' I larl I'ord was jounu-N ini;- to 
Litclitk'ld to attend court, in llic I lartford and Litcliticld staj^a-. It 
was winter. Tlu' sta^c was an open pmi.LC. the snow was falling 
and a in irtliwest wind driue il direi-lly iiitu tlu- faces ol the pass- 
eni^ers. niai)man and ""nick" Uuhhard, a hrother lawyer, were 
sittin_t;- on the tir^t seat and look the full force of the stf>rni. Xo 
one had sjxiken for some minutes, when Cha])nian hrokc the silence 
with "1 sav lluhhard, 1 had rather I'iicil per aliuin than (acil per sc !" 

('.entlenien : — ^^Some of us have outlived our contemporaries. We 
are nearino- the setting" sun; our places must so(M1 1)e tilled l)y an- 
oilicr generation; soon we shall he summoned to the court of last 
resort. .Ma\ we re^^])ond to the smnmons, beariuL,'' with us the record 
of a well-spent life and the ho])e of a ])lessed imniortality. 

'S'ours fraternalh', 

A. X. Ij.wi>. 

Pastor of Clirist's Church, Montpelier, \ermont. 


The late William l'\ 1 lurlhnl. L'krk of the I'ourt of ConinKJii 
Pleas, gave mc considerable assistance in the pre])aration of this 
work. The following items arc some which he thought would 
interest niemliers of the liar. 

One of the learned judges of the Superior Court, after setting 
through a long, tedious trial of a case, to charge the jury com- 
menced with the following remark; 

"Gentlemen of the Jury! If you know anytliing about this 
case, God knows that you know more about it than i do."" 

On the trial of a prisoner for shooting a man whom he thought 
w^as stealing his chickens, the judge charged the jury very forcibly 
against the accused. l)ui the jury brought in a verdict of "Xot 
Guiltv."" The judge continued the lal)orious work of sharpening^ 
his pencil in which he was engaged when the jury gave the verdict. 
After a considerable length of time had elapsed he suddenly ex- 
claimed. "S , you have escaped as by fire."" The members 

of the Bar have never been able to understand the nature of that 

The Hon. Truman Smith closed an argument made in a little 
case appealed from a justice of the Peace, in which the matter in 
demand was very trivial, and the action of the opposing counsel 
had been verv erratic, with the following comments. "Tf your 
Honor i)lease : T had prepared with considerable care a brief with 
the intention of filing it with the court. After I had finished it T 
said to mvself. if I live fourteen years from the 2r)th day of next 
October I shall be one hundred years old ; now is it worth while 
at mv time of life to come into court with an enormous bomb shell 
just to annihilate a mus(|uiio? and 1 said to myself it was not — 
the game was not worth the powder."' 

324 I.ri\lll'li;i.l> COINTV l'.l{\lll \M> I'.AR 

There are a imillitiulc •'!' <>(1(1 and funny thinj^s eonneeteil with 
our ]irolession. 1 am iil)li-;eil li> exclude alnmsl cver\ ihiu^- ot that 
sort, hut will save a few. S<>ine of them I ha\e taken from I'.rolher 
Coi^sweirs hrief hefore the ■■Sni>reme Court of l'".aters"' and others 
troni \'arious sources. 

Sci-:m:, Criminal Court in (."anaan. Alonzo I'.. Ciarlield, C. J. 
on the heuch. Crime, prisoner eharj^ed with rohhery of a drunken 
woman. Cdint Rorahack, aetinj;- State's attorney. 

.Mr>. Xora v'-'mith (complainant) sworn. 

Kx. h\ Mr. Korahack : 

O. \\'ere \ou down in the defendant's house near Tine Grove? 

A. Yes. 

( ). 1 )id \ou ha\e some nione\- there.-' 

A. \es.' 

(J. 1 )id \'ou lose it ? 

.\. ^'e^. It was stolen from my ])ockethook which I carried in- 
side m\' corsets, as I la_\' on the hed drunk. 

O. ^'ou think the ])risoner stole it? 

A. "^'es, and 1 come up to see Hen. Korahack the next day, and 
he said he'd see I had justice done. lien, is all ri,L;ht since "he 
growed up." 

^\r. R()R.\]:.\ck : — That is all the testimony we have, your Honor, 
and it is enough. Don wants him hound over. 

C.AKi-iKF.n, C. 1. — We hain't o'ot much evidence aq'in" the i)risoner. 
and I don't think he is g-uihy ; that is. not nuich ; hut what Don says 
goes in this court, and so I'll hind him over. 

Sei'.Ni;. Su])erior Court at Litchfield. ( )ctol)er Term. npf). lion. 
Rail)]] Wheeler, j. Prisoner. Franceski I'.alcyss, chars^ed with roh- 
bing a Swede of $i^>5. 

J)ox.\i.i) T. Waknkr. t(^ com])lainant. Mr. C.ustafson: Did you 
have a Hungarian at work for you? .\. 1 did; he is what they call 
a Pole, and 1 can do a dav's work, or \ump over the moon quicker 
than 1 sjjcak his name, hut 1 have it writ down on a i)iece of i)a])er. 
and \-ou can tear off wliat \on want and make a dictionary of the 
rest. 1 had a Cierman. and an Irishman, and a ni.^i^'er to work tor 
me at the saint' time, and at lirst 1 thought one of them took it. hut 
our .Xortlitield detective sa_\s this is the man. 

Don took the pa])er and attem])te(l to read the followiui.;- name 
— hut he didn't — l)ut asked Kilhourn lo : Czyrkstecheltzkoxtcheld- 

T. V. \\\.\\ (counsel for i)risoner, to ])risoner on the stand) : 

O. If \()U had anv of your countrxnien in W aterhur\ . who were 
thev and where are they now''' 

Till-; I'kisom'.k (through a W'alerhurx interpreter): 
I'elrovskv. ( )skalotTsk\. and XexereUVki. 

To Siberia were sent ; 
Kitoffskx. RnbonolTskx, and \\'allererf>ky. 
In a duni;eon cell were ])enl. 

i"i:i,u irii;s .■^^5 

Alilai'i i(l( i\ ilcli ami Tclri )\-ik-li. 
Koslcjlovilch and i\(jsl(;iiiai"()lV 
TIk'N" inii)risoiK'(l or swuii^' liKin nil ; 

I '.111 W IkMI is !4( ilH\ 

1 Ic iK'\er is missed. 

That is what it sa\s in a Tulish IclUr w riucn in ivussian script. 
'riiKij. ()iiii:k i .\Ti;Ki'Ki':'nvKS Ivm l■l.(l^■l•:l) \:\ Tin-; (.'((ckt to 
Watv II rill-: l'"iKsr: — That is wroni;, he says what not sd it. 
'I'll I-: C'liiKT : \\vv\) still. 
J)ii\ : Wait. 
J\\ AN ; Sil down. 

TiiK CuUKT : .Mr. Steno!L^ra])lKT. what did tlic witness say ? 
Till': StI'Xoc.k \i'iii;u : J don't kn<i\\, your Ihmor. 
Till', (.'oi'KT: This is the worst I'.ahi-'l ot a case 1 cwr heard, 
lirotlier l\_\an i^ot the $i()5. 

I .\n-\\er to complaint I'or dixorce helween I lun^'arians. received 
from llun.^ary hy Ixilhourn. ) 
Dk. CiKosz 1 )i;zSo 

S. .\. I'.i iii:i.i:v 

1 tunicary. 
] lie, II J{sTKK-AiKu Court: 

lanos Zsarnav, seated at Torrini^ton, Conn., according;- to the 
writ of summon of Litchheld Count), ss. dated from 1906. 12 Sep- 
temher. and l)eini;- handed to me on the day of 2oktober, claims that 
the marriat^e. l)ound between me and the plaintiff in the year of 1873, 
should l)e devorced upon the j^round, that I should have wilfully 
deserted him and totally neg'lected all the duties of marriai^'e. 

.\11 this comi)lains of the ])laintiff are not true. I did not de- 
sert him hut he left me 10 years since. Hying- secretly. Within this 
time he did not wrote a single line, nor su])ported me and our chil- 
dren. Therefore he is v.ho neglected the duties of marriage and 
not I am who has deserted him. 

1 being now a 55 years old women, unable to earn, do not agree, 
that our marriage should be devorced. On the contrary: I entreat 
the jury that janos Zsarnay should he convicted to i)ay a 20 dollar 
momliK rate as t(* su])port in_\self and the children. 

1 give, further, to acknowledge to the court, that a verdic of de- 
vorce returned in the I'. S. .\. has no ]X)wer ther in Hungary and 
even if the iurv should devorce him. according to t)ur laws. 1 reniain 
in links of marriage, still he can live married in the I . S. A. 1 hat 
would l)e very unlawful. 

Faith full V. 

326 i.iTriii'ii:i.i) ^■()^^■■|■^■ i:i:\(.ii wn i;.\r 


-Airs Well thai l^iuis \\\'li;"— 

( )n Ml. l\iL;a <'is well as in v^liakcsi)earc. 
Tile iKippy ending' nf Si. \ alcivtinc's iii,t;ln. l"\"l)ru;ii"\- 141I1. Up8, 

of the tragical siory ut L<>vic of Ml. Ki^a. dcsertecl 

with her l)ah\- in her anus 1)\' her luishand in i8S_>, wIki was rc- 
])(irte(l (lead a few vears later, and thereafter remained unheard of 
until .\uj;ust, Kjo". when, like hjidch .\rden, he ai)i)ear<'(l tn find 

his wife ha])i)ily married to Ldiarlie with two ^lalwart 

ehildren bv her side, bui unlike launch of old did not eon\enientl\' 
sink into o]>scurit_\- asi^'ain. 

Divorced February 14th, \^)o^. from the resurrected husband 
and married the nis^hl of the same day to her true husband, accord- 
i'.'ii^' to 'the following" form: — 

J5oth L'ovic and Charlie your rij^-ht hands unite 
Before witnesses here St. A'alentine's night. 
You, CH.IRLI H, do ])roniise to take Lovie to wife, 
To love her and cherish her the rest of your Hfe. 
You, LOl'IE, do promise CharHe as husband to take. 
And, cleaving only to him, each and all others forsake. 
Xow. each having promised the other to wed. 
To Have and to Hold, till Life's journey be sped. 
For richer, for poorer, in sickness and health, — 
Ilv force of the Law of our good Commonwealth. 
I 'rR( >CLAm you to be lawful Husband and Wife. 

V Bxroi. 

May your joys be many, and your sorrows be light, 
And the memories sweet of St. \ alentine's night. 
And ever, as the circling years roll on. 
Kee]) a kindl\- thought of the jus'tice, — Don. 

'rill-: .Makinc. oi" A jiuoK. — Judge l\al])h Wheeler had had liis 
])atienee sorel\ tried 1)\ lawyers who wishecl to talk, and 1)\ men 
wlio tried to evade iur\' ser\-ice. lietween h\potlietieal (|uestions 
and excuses it seemed as if they never would get to the actual trial 
of the case. So when a jjuzzled little ('.ermau, who had been ac- 
cepted b\' both sides as a iumr, iumped up, the judge was exas- 

"Sjuidge!" cried the ("lerman. "What is it?" demanded the 
iudge. "I tink I like to go home to meiu I'rau." said the ("lerman. 
"So would I, but we can't," retorted tlu' Judge. "Sil down." "I'.ut. 
Shudge," persisted the (".erman, "I link I not make a good shnror." 
"You're the best in the box." said tlu' Judgi'. "Sit down." "What 
box?" said tlie (jerman. "The iur\ box." said the Judge. "Aeh, 
llimmel, I thought it was ein bad box what beoi)les gel in soiuedimes. 
lUil. Shudge," ])ersisted the little (■erman, "I don't sjjcak goot b'.ng- 
lish alreadv \et." 

i'i;i,i(i'rii:s 3^7 

"^'()U (liiii'i lia\r 111 speak- al all," said llii' Jii<l.L;r. "Sit <1m\\ii." 
The little (lenuan jxiinted \n the lawyers to make his last des- 
perate i)lea. ■■Slnid,L;c'. " said he, "I can't make n()<ldinj,^s von what 
dcsc fellers sa\."" It was the judge's (diaiu'e to |L;el even with the 
lawwers fur main amu i\ anris. ■'Neither laii aiixnne else," he said. 
"Sit down." W ilh a ^i-h. the little ( '.erman ^al ilown. 


Hcfc is a sonnet which the (."Urk received, which ])erha|)s may he 
slightly sarcastic. 

"h'or the lo\e of ( "-od and hnnianit) . 
To avoid hoth wrath and profanil} , 
To cnahle the execntor to ))a\ legacies and dehts, 
Send alon^- that certificate in Selleck vs. Iletts." 
N'onrs \-ery trnl}'. 
jntls^'e Miles T. Crani^i'r was very mnch addicted to ])oetry : one 
of his specimens has heen for man_\- _\ears a classic. .More than 
iifty years a-o when h'reil 1), i'.eeman was Clerk and .Mr. (h-an.LTer 
was simply a practicing atlorne\. Sherilt Sedgwick got Jleeman to 
write an epitaph on Granger, which was as follows: 

"When Tol)\ died — dire groans were heard, 

His friends were in ccimmelion. 
For Heaven refnsed to own the hird 
And llell declined the portion." 
Taking this e])itai)h into another room tlie Sheriff folded it up 
and prcsentlv retnrned to the court room where .Mr. (".ranger was 
at the tahle. trying a case, and handed the note to him. [']nn\ read- 
ing it. Mr. (u-anger turned it over and wrote u])<>u the hack the fol- 
lowing. u])on Mr. I'.eeman: 

"And when the Clerk of Hell rose up 

To puhlish to the legions 
The reason why the hird was harred 

A place in those dark regions. 
A bright red glow about his head 

Revealed to all those i)oor damned souls 
The face and form of lieeman." 

Liues Composed by Judge Cranger while on the I'.ench 
trving a Sheep-stealing case. 

Alas for Winters, all f<irlorn. 

He husked for Hod. the Rustling Corn 

And through the woods when night was dark. 

He raided on the sheep of Clark. 

And one small lamb out of the flock 

He slew and skinned, without a shock 

Of conscience, or a thought of wrong. 

But took the nuUton right along. 

32S i,n\ii i'ii:i,i) i,'(u\Tv i'.i-;\cii ,\\i> i'.ar 

The picture nl judges (.'Niik'ncr .sli(i\\> Imw .lir witnesses impress 
a judicial niiiul. Ii is a repriKlucliiui n\ a ]);'j)(.r letl 1)\ a learned 
judg'e upon his desk atlcr a ledinus trial. ( )riKr similar ])apers are 
in mv jiossessiiin. nian_\- ni iluMU ullcrl_\- unintclli^lhle. The State 
]'a_\s an cnnrnuis sum idr Slcui li^i-apluTs, hul tlirii- notes are little 
value durin;^' a trial and the tran>latin^- of them i> too expensive for 
an orcHnary suit. Tlie attic of the L'ourt 1 louse contains many 
]K)nnds of their hieroi^lyphic ])apers. and are i)raclically worthless, 
as dilTerent systems are used, and seldom one sh:)rthand writer can 
read audthers niites. To mai<e our ])resent system ot taking' evi- 
dence of full use, the notes should he transcrihed during- the trial 
and placed in the hands of the Court and Counsel. I'ntil that is 
done lawvers and indues nuist take their own notes as hest thev can. 

Till-; i,.\w^i:rs ways. 

"Wv heen list"nin to them law}'ers 

In the court house of the street 
An' 1 ve come to the conclusion 

That I'jn most completely heat. 
First one fellow riz to argy. 

An* he boldly waded in 
As he dressed the tremblin' i)ris"ner 

In a coat o' deep-dyed sin. 
\\ h\-. he i)ainted him all over 

In a hue o' blackest crime. 
An' he smeared his reputation 

W'ith the thickest kind o' lirime, 
Tell 1 found myself a-wond'rin. 

In a misty way and dim. 
Mow the Lord had come to fashion 

Such an awful man as him. 
Then the other la\v\er started, 

.\n' with brimint^". tearful eyes. 
Said his client was a martyr 

That was bronj^ht to sacrifice. 
An' he g-ave to that same pris'ner 

livery blessed human grace, 
'i'ill I saw the light o" virtue 

h'airK shining from his face. 
Tlun i own 'at 1 was ])U7.zled 

1 low such things could rightl\ he; 
And this aggrevating (piestion 

Seems to keep a ])uzzling me. 
So will some one please intorm me. 

.\ti' this m\ster\' unroll. 
1 low an angel an' a de\il 

Can possess the self-same soul. ' 

7^ ..z?-. M/1/1 

7//^-^ ^^^ 

Mlrtriffe L^, ~Z^ ~ ^ n^n^^^ 
/ J^^/./ meney/l]/ 


Tin: u'dcf/s xotks ok kvidkxck 
Showino- the \v<n-kiiii;s of tlie Judicial mind 

MR. wii.i.iAM cri:\il:s. 
( ■'()!. I) ci-tniKs") 


■•( )L1) C.KIMI-.S. 

One of llic characlcrs CDiiiifcK'd with our k\:;al fraleniity was 
William Ciriincs, universally known as '"Old (irinics." it is y:ciK-r- 
ally su]>i)tise(l that he was a mythical character but lie was not. lie 
wa.N a run-awa\- sla\e \\\\< > came In IjlclilirM iir(jbably about l<So8, 
and \\a> a i;eneral ser\am Id the .students at the Law School. He 
was 1)1 irn in \ irginia and was the body servant of a man by the 
name of Grimes, whose name, in after years, he ado])ted ; by the 
fortunes of business adversities his master was obligx-d to dispose 
of him and he fell into the hands of cruel masters from whose bar- 
barous treatment he ran away to the land of Liberty, which at that 
time was Litchfield. Juds^e Reeve had acquired quite a reputation 
for tlefending fut^itive slaves and Litcl-field was thou.i^ht by them to 
be the home of the free. Grimes was thrifty, frugal and accpiired 
some little property and owned a jiiccc of land between the present 
residence of George Kenney and thj Fire Department building, to 
v.diich he moved a small building- for a barber shop. Some of the 
Southern students of the Law School ascertained his status, made 
matters unpleasant for him by notifying his master wdio took steps 
to recover him and he was obliged to dispose of his property through 
liis friends Dr. Abel Catlin and William H. Thompson, who took the 
proceeds to purchase his freedom. His last appearance on Litch- 
field Land Records was August 6. 1824. In the latter years of the 
Law School. Grimes removed to Xew^ Haven, where he acted in the 
same capacity as he had at Litchfield to the students at Yale College. 
He published in a little ])amphlet a sketch of h'is life, containing the 
portrait of which a copy is here given. He died about 1850 in Xew 

His great notoriety consists in the the well-known lines '"Old 
Grimes is Dead." the history of which as given to me by an old 
resident of Litchfield, and from other data which I have secured 
is as follows: Albert G. Green, of Rhode Island, who afterwards 
became a distinguished man. United States Senator, etc., was a 
student of the Law School in 1812, rnd was very fond of making 
rhvmes about all manner of things, and u])i>u all occasions, and 
Grimes im])ortuned him to make some poetry for him. the restilt be- 
ing the lines above referred to. a few stanzas of which are hero 

01. 1) CKniiis. 

Old Grimes is dead — tha: good old man. 

We ne'er shall see him more ; 
He used to wear a long black coat 

All buttoned down before. 

His heart was o])en as the day. 

His feelings all were true : 
His hair was some inclined to gray — 

He wore it in a queue. 

330 i.n'ciii'ii;i,i) C()rNr\' j;i:n(.ii and i'.ar 

Wlicnc'i'r 1k" heard ihc voice of pain 
His breast with pit)' burned; 

The larg"e round liead upon his cane 
From ivory was lurned. 

Kind words lie e\er liad for all, 
lie knew no base design ; 

His eyes were dark and rather small. 
His nose was a(|uiline. 

Jle lived in i)eace with all mankind. 
In friendship he was true : 

His coat had pocket-holes behind. 
His ])antaloons were l)lue. 

lUU j^ood old ('.rimes is now at rest. 

Xor fears misfortune's frown; 
He wore a double-l)reastcd \esi. 

The stripes ran up and ('own. 

He modest merit soui^ht to hud 

And pay it its desert : 
He had no malice in his mind, 

Xo rullles on his shirt. 

His neighbors he did not al)use, 

^^'as. sociable and gay ; 
He wore large buckles on his shoes. 

And changed them e\er\ day. 

Thus undisturbed by anxious cares 
His peaceful moments ran. 

And evervbodv said he was 
A hue old "entleman. 



The frontisipiece in this hook is from an old oil ]Kunling that ho 
made of himself when he was alxnil U\Anty-h\e years old and is 
now in the i)osscsstou n\ his daughter in New >'ork city who kindly 
loaned it for reproducliou. 

Di \ N i:u To j I 1)1, r; sl',^ \ioi i< 331 

C( ).\ii'i.i.\ii':\'r.\m' diwi-.r T( > 
JlDCl'. ( ). s. si-:\M< )l K 

( )n Uic -'will "I jaiinar\, 1S74. llie I'.ar n\ r'aiiiifld C'uuiit)- j^mvl- 
a ciiinpliinciilarx (liiiiuT lo C'Iik'I' Jusiicc ( )rii;c-ii Slorrs Seymour, 
t:n llic i.'\c ot his ix'liixincni in mi inj Ucnch — under ihc provisions 
ul the Conslilutiun. 

Man\- disliny;uishe(l i^uesis were ])resenl ; many pleasant and 
interesting- things were said, some relating to our I Jar and though 
all arc worthy of preservation we ha^-e the space for only a few. 

The rresidful. J Ion. lames L". J^o(jmis, introduced the exercises 
by sa}ing: 

GJiXTLt::kii".x : — I feel conhdent thai nothing has transpired in the 
history of the Fairticld County liar tluring my long connection with 
it, which has given more pleasure to its members than the i>\>\»>v- 
tunit\- which tliis occasion atTords, to express to our Chief Justice 
vn tlie eve of his retirement, our high appreciation of those exalted 
qualiiics which characterize and adorn his life, and which has made so eminently useful and so universally esteemed, and our deep 
regret that, in the midst of his usefulness and in the full possession 
of all his intellectual powers, he is compelled to retire from his high 
orticial station and discontinue his invaluable services under the stern 
provisions of our Constitution, which makes 70 years of age the 
limit of judicial life in Connecticut. 

I assure you, gentlemen, it affords me unfeigned pleasure to as- 
semble with you around this festive board and unite with our dis- 
tinguished friends. His Excellency, the Governor of the State of 
Connecticut; His Honor, the Chief justice elect, and his honorable 
associates of the Supreme Court; the distinguished Judge of the 
Circuit Court of the United States for the district of Connecticut ; 
the Judges of our Superior Court and of other courts, and other 
officials who have honored us with their presence, in paying this 
well-merited tribute of respect to one who so cmiently deserves it. 

From the time of a generation at least Judge Seymour has been 
a star of the first magnitude in the civil, political, judicial and. I may 
say, rehgious constellations of the State. He has deservedly won for 
himself a name that will be known, honored and loved, not only in 
his day and generation, but so long as the public records endure. 

There is no human standard b\- which we can measure the exact 
amount of good which results to a State from a busy, active and 
well s])ent lite in the ])ublic service Even the great Amazon is 
swallowed up in the bosom of the fatliomless deep; nevertheless its 
influence, unmeasured and immeasurable in all its magnitude and 
powder is there, and the great ships wdiich float the treasures of the 
nations on "Old Ocean" float more or less securely, however un- 
consciously, upon the foundations, which this mighty river has con- 
tributed to establish and maintain ; so. though we cannot define with 

3,^2 j.nx'ii I'l i:i.i) l.'(»^^^^■ r,i:M,ii and r.Aii 

niallK'Uialical precision tlic exact (|uanliiy ol' ^ood, wiiicli has re- 
sulted to our coninionwealth and iis cili/.ens from the eminent ser- 
vices of our distint;uislied friend, \ et nt one will douI)t l)ut his long, 
active and useful life spent in the administration (d' tlie local affairs 
of his immediate neighhorhood— in the advocac\ of the rights of the 
citizens at the Uar — in the promotion of the ])nhlic weal in the 
councils of the State and nation — and in tlir maintenance of the great 
princi]"»les of justice and e(|uity, according to estahlished authority 
upon the Bench, have greatly contrihuted to the stahility and ])ros- 
perity of our institutions and given additional security to the rights 
of person and property so eminently and so universally enjoyed. 

It has been my privilege to have been honored with the personal 
acquaintance and I believe friendship of eight of the ])redecessors 
of our Chief Justice in that high ollice — Hosmer, Daggett. Williams, 
Church. W'aite, Storrs. Hinman. IJutler — glorious names! They 
were all high-minded, learned. im[)artial judges. uncorrui)tcd — in- 
corruptible! They have gone down to their graves crowned with 
honors, having transmitted the ermine of the judicial robes spotless 
and when that emblem of purity and incorruptibility fell upon the 
shoulders of him who now^ so gracefully wears it — if foiichcd nothing 
less spotless. He will soon transmit it to his successor stainless, to 
be borne by him through his judicial life unsoiled and then trans- 
mitted in all purity to another, thence to descend from generation to 
generation. I hope to the latest generation of man, without a spot 
(jr blemish. 

It would afford me great pleasure to dwell for a few moments, 
did time permit, upon the many virtues which embellish and adorn 
the private life of our Chief Justice; to speak of his devotion to the 
welfare and happiness of his family and friends — of his tender sym- 
[)athies with the unfortunate and alllicted, of his gentlemanly deport- 
ment everywhere and on all occasions, of his manly practice at the 
Bar, of his ])atience and suavity on the Bench, of his liospitality. his 
generosit}', his integrity, his incorruptibility — but time fails me. 
I can only say that in all the relations of private life, judge Se\niour 
has been and is the Ciiristian gentleman. ackMK)wledged and appreci- 
ated as such by all who know him most, by those who know him best. 

Daniel Webster. si)eaking of himself at a jiublic dinner given him 
in the city (jf Hoston some vears since, said: "If itublic life has its 
cares and trials, it sometimes has its consolations : if the ai)]>robation 
of the good is fit to be ])ursued. it is fit to be enjoyed: if it be. as 
it undoubtedl}' is, one of the most stirring and inxigoraling motives 
which can operate U])on the mind, it is also among the richc-t re- 
\^ ards which can console and gratify the heart." 

In the spirit of these sentiments of this i)r(.'-t'mincntl\ distinguish- 
ed statesman — in the name of the h'airtk'ld Count \ I'.ar — in the 
presence of this lar^e circle ni distinguished friends, and from the 
lowest de|jths of my heart, let \uv sa\- to you, Mr. Chief justice, in 
conclusion, you have experienced the cares and tri;ds ol' public life; 

jI'DC.I", SI■■.^■.\I()I'K S KI'SI'OXSIv 3.^.^ 

you have scoured the a])i)nil):iti( lU n\ ilic _<4()<)(1 ; you liave won a 
crown: it is fit that mui >hiiuM cnjuy it. Console and _L;Tatify your 
lieart witli tliis rieli reward and when yon asct'iid from your present 
lii.H'h ])(isitiiin In the Ixisimi nl \iinr laiihl\ and to the circle of vour 
loving' and ])i']i)\i'd Irit'nds. ijicre tu cnjny dn- linnurcd i-\cniiiL; "\ 
your useful lifi' in tran(|uil repose, nia\ the snnl stirring' and in\dj4- 
ating" consolalii in cheer and animate ymi to your latt-l hrealh. inten>i- 
fied with the comfortahle hope that heyond there is pre])ared an im- 
mortal crown, which neither time imi- Constitution can take away. 

Chief justice Se\nionr res])onded to the loa^l ""( )m" Chief Justice" 
as follows : 

J stand here to-ni.^ht on the eve of separation from ])ursuits to 
which durin_i;' a lonj^- life I ha\e heen devoted. I liave enjoyed my 
professional life at the l'>ar and on the llencli. and I do not and cannot 
look with indifference u]Kn\ my ai)proachin^- se])aration from these 

1, however, make no (|uarrel with tlie constitutional ])rovision 
under which my retirement takes place. "The days of our a^je are 
three score vears and ten ;" when those years are accomplished, na- 
ture craves a hrief ])eriod of rcj^ose hetween, on the one hand, the 
active duties of life and its final close on the other. 

I submissively how, therefore, to the law of the land, helievin:.^ 
it to be in harmon\ with the law of nature, hut at the time 1 cherish 
the memories of professional life, and part from it with fond res^ret, 
and I will occupy your time a few moments this evening;- in su.q^s^est- 
ing some particulars wherein the lawyer's life amon^- the varied 
])ursuits of mankind is re.^'arded 1)\- me as a favored one. 

T was admitted to the l'>ar in my native County of I.itchheld in 
1826. and I at once found myself in possesion of a privileL;e which 
I then thought might be peculiar to myself, but which I afterwards 
found was common to all \otmg lawwers. — the i)ri\ilege of fellow- 
shi]) on free and easy terms with the elder brethren. 1 well remem- 
ber the pleasure of these associations and the hel]) 1 derived from 
them. It is pleasant to recall the names of the giants in those days, 
when I was a stripling, I'>acon, Miner, Huntington, I'eers. Board- 
man, the Churches. Smith. When 1 found myself in a suarl. and that 
happened to me semi-dail\-. 1 alwa\s found relief in the ready and 
cheerfully-gi\en counsel of these my venerable seniors. 

It is truth familiar to us all that lawyers, young and old. high 
and low. rich and ])oor. associate together with great freedom, not 
])erhaps that we love one another more than the medical faculty. l)ut 
our business brings us constantl} into association with our bretliren. 
our labors are not isolated Init performed in public and in each 
other's compr.ny. whcrebv we become thoroughly acquainted with 
each other. \o man can conduct a complicated cause in court with- 
out showin"; hi-. l;rcthren what manner of man lie is. If he has mind 
industrv, learning and culture, he shows it; his temi:K?r and disposi- 
tion will show themselves. If he has integritv and truthfulness in 

334 ].ni'iii"ii:i.i) (.oixtn- i;i:xrii and i;.\k 

liim, llicy will a])])*.';!!". If mi llu' ci iiitrarx , \\c is a sham, cvrryl)! xly 
will SCO il. 'riic practice nl cliau^iiiL; parliicrs a> associate cuiniscl, 
brings l;;\vycrs into tlic nio.->t iiuiinatc relation with each other. 

It is ainusinL;- to notice L;enllenien who are opjjosed to each other 
in the niornini;- almost to per-onal altercation, in the afternoon en- 
ji'ayccl as associates, and at once as famihar and intimate with each 
other as the Siamese twins. We l)ecome, therefore, tliorou,L;hly 
acquainted with eacli other and wear no masks in each other's 

in this co'niection, if time alloweil. I would like to describe the 
bar lueetiniis of olden time w'.iich liatl a liuf^erin,^" existence 50 years 
aj^o, but those old-fashioned i^atherins.;"s could not be conducted on 
tem])erance i)rincii)les and uiim the adx'ent of the temperance re- 
formation. the\' "took the chills" and died out. Hut the attraction 
of the ]irofession lies in the inherent dii^nitv of the law itself, con- 
trollini^- as it does by its silent power, the moving- masses in all their 
various relations and interests — in the equit}', calm wisdom and dis- 
passionate justice of its precepts — in its nol)le history in the past 
and in the services and accomplishments of its livint;" ])rofcssors. 

The bar has always drawn to itself the best talent and highest 
culture of the country, and hence the contests of the liar conducted 
by skillful and learned counsel, furnidi scenes of instructive interest. 
The marvelous and varied pow-rs of the human mind are in these 
contests called for and developed in a manner and to an extent 
unequaled in any other arena. 

I readily recall many such scenes as livel\- and dramatic as the 
inventions of Shakespeare's genius. T wotdd not be understood 
however, as saying that the court room is exactly paradise regained. 
The scenes are generally animated, spirited and varied ; sometimes, 
however, dull and stupid; somctimc,^^ disgusting-, exhibiting human 
nature of its most revolting form and the members of the I'ar have 
much thankless lal)or, manv sleepless nights and bitter (lisa])point- 

r)Ut it is in his library that the true discii)le of tlie law finds lii> 
liighest satisfaction. He can here interrogate the masters of juris- 
jjrudencc, ancient .and modern ui)on the matters he has in hand, and 
will seldom fail of getting an a])pro])riate answer. 1 yield no blind 
obedience to authorijies and precedents. Law is a progressive 
science. \\ hen it is said that law is the ])erfection of reason, it is 
not to be understood that all the utterance of judges and jiunsts are 
such, 'i'here are mi-takes and errors in the i)ast that the i)resent 
may correct, and then' are mistak'es and errors in ilie ])re,'-ent wliich 
it is to be hoped the future will corr/cl. but taken as a whole a law- 
library is re]:)lete with soimd truths aoplii-abk'. more or U'ss directlx', 
to the vari()us living issues iiending be fori' the courts, not mere ab- 
stract truths worked out in the closi'l, but truths upon which learned 
arguments have been heard at the I'.ar, and U'arned consultations 
had b\- the I'.cncli. so that all awiilable learning on the -ubiecl is 

• '.. II. II' ii.i.i>ti:k s ADDKi'.ss . 335 

br(m,L;ln hirward .-md iHcciws ils iliu- \wi,iL;In. Ii i^ (lillii-ult to over- 
estimate the \aliu' n|" ihr will wei^lu-d dpinious of such ciiaiiccllors 
as llarduick, I'.ldoii and Kint. and nl' Mich Judi^cs as Mansfield, 
Kllenhoroui^li and .\lai>liall. 

Amon^" tile mn^l clu'ri^lied iiuinories of ni\- professional life is 
the iniiinaie ar(|nainlani\' which I ha\-e enjoyed with all the cniineiit 
jnrist^ wild ha\e adorned the heiirh of the State durinj^^ tlic fifty 
xears. 1 need not recite their fannliai- names in this assenibiv, Init 
you will permit me, oecupyini^- the position I do. to repeat the names 
of those who have tilled the high olhce I am about to lav flown. 
uoiiiiiia clara each of which u])()n bare mention suggests all the 
virtues i)ertaining to their high judicial ])osition. 

\\ hen 1 came to the liar the Chief Justiceshi]) was held bv the 
learned I losiner lollowed in (piick- succession b\ Daggett. Williams, 
Church. W aite. Storrs. and llinman. and then by my im.mediate 
predecessor, the lamented llutler. com])anion. friend, brother. \n 
this, his nati\e county, he needs no eulogy from me. In the reports 
ot his judicial o])inions he has raised to himself a monument acre 
/"cniimis. Allow me. in conclusion, to ])r(!])Ose as a toast, "The 
memory of the honored dead of the llench and I'.ar of this State." 

The toast " Idie l!ar of IJtchheld County"" was responded to l)v 
lion. C.ideon II. I lollister. as follov.s : 

It is dillicult to name a portion of this Continent that might with 
more ]iroi)riety have been called a wilderness than was Litchfield 
Count) at the time of its first settlement, nearly a century after 
Hartford was founded. The site of the ])resent village of Litchfield 
was overgrown with alder. It needed an emigrant "s faith to foresee 
the changes that human industry umler the guidence of good ])rin- 
Ciples could bring about in the face of wintry skies and in -defiance 
of steep hills. 

]n 1772, about fift_\- _\ears after the organization of the town. 
Tai:»])ing Reeve, son of a clergyman of Urookhaven. established him- 
self in this remote and obscure ])lace which had nothing but a Court 
House, jail and Meeting ] louse to form a centre for the few towns 
that clustered around it. He could not have driven to the village 
in a carriage to save his life, for two reasons there were no wheeled 
vehicles and had there been any. there were no roads that could have 
l)een safely traversed by them. This interesting adventurer was a 
graduate of Princeton, and was then only twenty-eight years old. 
He was a delicately formed slender man of classical features, pale 
comi)lexiou and large bright e\es. With him v/ent Sally I'urr. his 
v,-ife. daughter of President Pun- of Princeton, sister of Aaron lUirr. 
and grand-daughter of Jonathan h'dwards — one of the most beauti- 
ful and accom])lishcd women of her time. They took up their abode 
in S!)uth Street, in a house where I spent four hap]\v years and 
which now belongs to pulge Woodrufii". who is our (listinguished 
guest this evening-. Mr. Reeve established himself here as a lawyer 
and s'lon attained tc) the highest distinction in his profession. After 

33^> i.ii'ciii-ii;LD LOL-NTv li;ncii and war 

coiUinuiiii^' in il for twelve years, in 17^4, when the Revolutionary 
War was scareely o\er. he insliuued the l.ilchlield Law Schot)l in 
which lie was the sole in>irnclor uniil 1797, a perind of fourteen 
years, when he associated witli liim janies (lould, wIm was after- 
wards so renowned in ihe history ol .\nierican iurisprudence. This 
school educated xouni; men Ironi all jiarts ol the I nion. among 
whom were John (.'. (.'alhoun. I,i.\i W < m ulhurw |olin M. Clavton, 
Ro,^er S. r.aldwin. Samuel .^. I'liehis. Xathaniel v'^mith. William 
J-'lliot, ( )ri<;en S. Se\nionr. Lewis !'>. WoodrulT, Truman Smith and 
other distini;uished men. wht)se names have shed lustre u])on the an- 
nals of our countr\ . Two of these graduates have heen judges of 
the Snpreme (.'otun of the I'nitefl States, fifty of tliem memhers of 
Congress, forty have heen judges of the highest State courts and 
several have heen foreign and Cahinet ministers. 

Ta])ping Reeve was not a mere pedagogue, nor was he a mere 
lawyer. He was a man of genius, and in middle age when his 
feelings were enlisted in the trial of a cause, he often exhihited 
])owers of eloquence, which horn the sutldenness with which they 
Mashed upon the minds of his audience and from his impassioned 
manner, produced an overwhelming elTect. He was very uneciual 
in the exhihition of his powers. He was a man of ardent temper- 
ament, tender sensibilities and of a nature deeply religions. His 
sympathies led him to espouse the cause of the oppressed and help- 
less. He was the first eminent law'yer in this country who dared to 
arraign the common law of England for its severity and refined 
cruelty in cutting ofi the natural rights of married women, and 
]Viacing their in-ojXTty at the mercy of their husbands to sipiander 
it at pleasure. His sentiments did not at first meet with much 
favor, but he lived long enough to see them gain a foot hold in this 
and other States. His principles did not die with him. but are per- 
l)etuated in his "Domestic Relations." and in the jurisjM-udencc of 
his countrw He was an ardent Revolutionary ])atriot of the Federal 
school. His fervent ])iety. well-timed charities, noble im])ulses, 
thoroughness, si!n])]icity of cliaracter. and disinterestedness all served 
to render him a general fa\-orite in ;i widel\ -extended circle (^f 
iriends and ac(|uaintances. He ched in iS_'.^ in the Soth \ear ^)\ his 
age. Such was the head and founder uf the Litchfield I'.ar. 

Tile next dislinguislied nieiiiher of this Lar if we are tn follow 
the order oi birth, was Andrew Adams, lioni in I7,V*- whu was 
successively Kini^-'s Attunu-y. member of Congress and (."liiel' judge. 
He was a man of elear mind ;ind of great learning. After him 
-Major-General I'riali Trac\. born in 1755. l''nim I7(;() to 1807 he 
was a Senator from C'onnecticut. leader of the l''ederal ])art\-. an 
intimate friend of Mamiltoii. JMslier Ames .and Abirris. and was a 
man ot L^-reat legal acumen and partiiailarK f.anu'd for his wit. 

Then follows C"ol. I'".pliriain l\irb\. bdi'ii at Litelilield in 1757. an 
ofTiccr in tlic l\e\-o]uiiiiiiar\ ;inn\ who earrit'(l id his gra\-e a frightful 
wound that he rtceiwd in tiie strnuule. Me was a faithful and 

G. 11. IKiI.l.lSTI'.K S .\1)1)KI-;SS ,^37 

accurate lawyer. In 17S1;. lie i)ul)li>lic(l a vdIuiik' nf ■■Rein iris of the 
Supreme (.'ourt ot l'".rr(irs.'" 'J'liis was the first vohiiiic of law re- 
ports ev(.'r ])uhlislieil on this continent. I'pon tlie orj^'anizalioii ot 
],ousiana, lie \\a> a])])ointi-(l ])\ rre-iilcnt Jefferson a jud.^e of the 
ne\\l\ ac(|uiiX'(l territory of ( )rleans. and died on his \va_\' to his l)lace 
of dotination in ilie 4S[h war of his afi^e. 

After liiin in the orcler of hirlh comes Nathaniel Smith, who wa.s 
horn ahonl the year I7'>^'^ and who, after severe strui^^j^'les with pf)V- 
erty and im])erfect, early education, rose so ra])idly in his profession 
that soon after he commenced tlu' study of law under Judji^^c Reeve, 
he was sitting- 1)\- his master's side on the hench of the Supreme 
Court of I'.rrors. jud^c Church and Judg^e Williams have l)oth 
told me that he was in their opinion the most i^'ifted luan e\er horn 
in the State. 1 will not attempt any sketch of him. hut if _\'ou will 
allow me I will (piote a passa,<;c from a letter written to me hy Daviil 
S. l')(nardman \vho knew .Mr. Smith and how to estimate him. He 
sa\ s : 

"llis voiee \\as excellent, heini;' hoth j^owerful and harmonious, 
and ne\er hroke under any exertion of its capacity His manner 
was very ar<lem and the seemini;- dictate of a stroiifj conviction of 
justice of his cause, and his gestures were the natural expression of 
such a conviction. ]\lr. Smith's style was pure and genuine Saxon, 
with no attempt at classic ornament or allusion. His train of 
reasoning was lucid and direct, and evincive of the fact that the 
whole of it was like a map s])rea(l out in his mind's eye from the 
l)eg'inning. llis integrity was always felt and dreaded hy his op- 
I)onent. He spoke w ith nuich tlucncy hut with no undue rapidity, 
lie never hesitated or haggled at a word, nor did he ever tire his 
audience with undue ])rolixit\': or omit to do justice to his case for 
fear of tiring them : and indeed there was little danger of it." 

There is only one hrief specimen of the style of this eloquent 
man handed down to us. This is a part of his argument in the case 
of Jedediah Strong and wife before the General Assemljly. and 
which is to he found in a volume of our reports. In arguing 
against the theory advocated hy Judge Reeve in favor of married 
women, he took the op]:)osite or common law^ ground and expressed 
himself as follows: 

"P>ut the manners have led the law and the law the manners. 
rntil e\-ery Ijarrier is broken down and we seem about to bury in 
oblivion fore\-er the nde that the wife has no separate existence." 

Last in order of birth of the truly Q-reat men who can be partic- 
ularly dwelt ui)on in this hurried outline, is James Gould. l)orn at 
Branford in 1770. and one of the most elegant scholars and terse 
writers who have adorned the jirofession in this conntry. He 
studied law under Judge Reeve, and joint professor and delivered 
lectures to the students in this institution for thirty-five vears : at 
the end of which time, there had been educated at the Litchfield 
Law School one thousand and twenty-five lawyers from all parts 

33^ i.ritii i'ii:i.i) coiNiN r,i:xcii and 

of the I'niU'd Slalo. (HUiUrs pleadiiiL;- is one of the most con- 
densed ami critical pieces of coin])(isitiMii to he found in our Ian- 
guag'c and is of an original character, lie luul at first contemplated 
a more extended treatise. l)ut while he was preparing" material for it, 
the announcenieiu <if t."hitt\'s work on the same title induced him 
to change !iis ])]an. As it was presented to the ])ul)lic. (lould's 
"Pleading"' is therefore onl_\- a sumniar\- of the original design but 
for clearness and logical i)ercision it is surpassed, if at all, only 
by the Commentaries ( n the laws of h'.ngland. 

judge (lould carried to the l'>ar the same classical finish which 
appears in his writings. It would ha\-e been impossible for him 
io speak an ungrammatical sentence, use an inelegant expression 
or make an awkward gesture. His arguments were expressed in 
the most brief forms in which a sp.^aker can convey his thoughts 
to his hearers. He seldom spoke longer than half an hour, and in 
the most comi)lex and iiiii)ortant cases ne\-er exceedetl an hoin\ 
He could shoot a (|ui\er full of shafts within the circle of the target 
with such certaint}- and force that the_\- could all be found and 
counted when the contest was over. 

As a Judge, his opinions are imsur])assed by any which appear 
in oiu" reports for clearness and that hajipy moulding of thought 
so peculiar to him at the l-ar and in social conversation. 

The position of this eminent jurist and his venerable master 
and associate, was truly enviable. To them flocked from every 
State in the Union the youth who were to shape the jurisprudence 
of the western world. They looked upon these renowned teachers 
with as much reverence as the young men of Atl:ens regarded the 
philosophers who prepared their minds for the strifes of the Agora, 
the debates of the council or the shades of contemplative retirement. 

As 1 ha\e before said, all attempts at particular description of 
the members of the I^itchfield liar, must end here. I luight speak 
of Jolin .Mien. (lov. John Cotton Smith. Holmes, I'.oardman. Hunt- 
ington. JJenedict. Sterling, Swan, A'^a llacon. Samuel and l.eman 
Church, Mills. Pheliis, Minor, Strong and others — and but for 
the ])resence in which I stand. 1 might attem])t some l)rief sketch 
of the character and career of the venerable man whose retiracy 
from ])ublic life has been the occasion of this meeting, which, though 
a festival in form, has suffused our eyes wuh tears. 1 am one of his 
oldest students here ])resent and have known him well. Vou will 
all join me in the ])rayer that his declining \ ears may be like his 
professional and judicial life, serene as lhe\ are \n\vc. and that no 
clouds of sorrow ma\- settle down between him and a better world. 

- -- 'A 
^ - -/. 

II isi'i iKn \i. N<i'ri-;s ^,y) 


New i>riiu-ii)lc> ul' law arc lUT^ciiU'il in i1r- case «it Stale vs. 
Williaui .\lcl.auL;lilin. wIim \va> indioU-il hy ihe («raii(l Jury at the 
April term, njoS, I'^r iminler in the f'ir>l de.^-ree. 'J'lie facts, (jvcr 
which there was no particular cnntest. were as fellows: 

( )n the morning- of .\i)ril 12. 1908. a few uien were galheretl 
upon the (.lepot plalf(.rm al Watertowu. Some of iheni were at- 
taches of the railroad, hut luost of them were 011 their way to 
church. The accused, a man of forty-six years, accosted the de- 
ceased iu a uianner which the latter regarded as offensive. One 
word led to another, and the victim of the tragedy, Rohert Downs, 
a young man of nineteen, pushed .McLaug-hlin over so that he fell 
on the platform, hreaking a bottle of whiskey which lie had in his 
pocket. -More angr\ words followed, and the combat, so far as the 
knowdedge of those on the platform went, was over. Robert Downs 
retired to a distance on the westerly side of the depot platform from 
where the wordy dispute took place, and .McLaughlin went around 
the opposite corner of the building and threw out tlie broken glass 
from his pocket, and then, unseen 1)>- anyone, drew a pocket knife, 
and going up to Downs struck him wi*h it in the neck, severing the 
carotid arterv, from which wound Downs die<l within a lew minutes. 

The trial before the Superior Court was at the October term 
1908, in Litchfield, before Judge Hdwin B. Gager, lasting into the 
third week. The prisoner was defended by Thomas F. Ryan, Esq.. 
assisted by Libert P. Roberts, Esq., both of Litchfield. The State 
prosecution was b\- State Attorney Donald T. Warner, assisted by 
Howard \\ Landon, \'.m[. The principal question was as to the de- 
gree of the crime, the State contending- that there was time for 
premeditation and deliberation and that all the elements of murder 
in the first degree were present. The defense claimed that the 
chronic alcoholism of the accused, as shown by iiis previous history, 
and by the medical -testimony of the defendant's expert. Dr. John L. 
Buel.' rendered the accused incapable of the deliberation and pre- 
meditation under all the circumstances of the case necessary to con- 
stitute the crime of nnirder in the first degree. 

The jury after long deliberation returned a verdict of niurder in 
the second degree, and the prisoner w-as sentenced to State Prison 
for life. 

While chronic alcoholism, as a defense is known in the law-, it 
has been so seldom resorted to, in cases of this character, that un- 
usual interest was manifested by the legal fraternity in this case. 

An interesting case not heretofore mentioned, is that connected 
with the successful installation of The New Mil ford Power Company. 

340 i.ri\iii-n:i.i) coixtv lu-Ntii and i;.\k 


About l\\ cnl\ -ti\x' years a^o tlir linn. Xiclinlas Slauli. of 
Xcw Milford ami a ftinncT C'oiupirolkT nl [\\v Slalc. cnnccixcil the 
itlca lliat ihc i^rcal waler power of ihc linusalnnic ri\cr nii^iu U> he 
utili/'AHl. ilc interested a few dtlier ])ei"Sims with him in the matter 
and tliey .decided to incorporate a C(im])any fnr that pm])ii.-e. and a 
charter was granted l)y the General Assemhlx nf iS<>3. Inrmin.^' the 
Xew" MihV)rd I'owcr Com]nuiy. The matter laid dormanL for a 
long" time. There was ])lenty of power in the ri\er, l)ut there were 
no mills or factories recpiiring it. The scientific development of 
electrical energy and more i)articularl_\- the availibility of trans- 
mitting it without material loss o\er long distances to he applied 
wherever power was recpiired. opened up the way for tlic Compau}' 
to begin operations. Many hydro-electric engineers advised that 
there could not be fall enough obtained to develop sufficient power 
to make such a plant, considering the large expense of the trans- 
mission line, profitable. Walter S. ^Morton, an eminent hydraulic 
engineer, now the consulting engineer of the New York City Water 
Su])ply Commission, saw at once bow the ])ower of the water at 
Jiulls r.ridge could he doubled, and acting under his suggestions the 
company proceeded to erect a small dam in the g'orge at IJulls 
Bridge, and dug a canal over two miles long to convey the water 
to a point in the town of Xew Milford, where they obtained a fall 
of one hundred and fifteen feet, with an average of two thousand 
horse power. 

The incorporators employed Frederic M. Williams, Kscp, of Xew 
Alii ford to attend to the legal ])art of the business. The charter 
had to be amended, giving the com])any various powers not original- 
ly included therein. After the charter was perfected and the stock 
of $1,000,000. subscribed, the dam was built, the canal dug and the 
power house, with four immense dynamos was erected. These 
were all matters of mechanism, but the re:d interesting ])art to us 
attorneys was the proceedings relating to the accpiisition of the 
flooded territory. Lands liordering on the river suddenly rose in 
value, and but little could be i)urchasetl, conse(|uentl\ condeumation 
])rocecdings under the charter were instituted 1)\ Air. Williams, to 
acfpiire them, .\othing like these ])roceedings appear u\nn\ our 
records, in number or in accuracw Committees were appointed 
consisting of Hon. C.eo. .\1. Woodruff of l.itclifield, Janie> .\lldis, 
Esq., of Torrington and h'.dward S. Roberts. b.S(|.. of \ortii (."anaan, 
and long hearings were liad before these gentlemen, and it i-> an in- 
teresting fact that no exceptions were taken during the three weeks 
of the bearings l)y cither ])arty. 'J'he report of the C'ommittee was 
accepted by the Su])erior Court, and no ai)])eal was carried in any 
case to the Su])reme Cotu't of ]"*,rrors. Lines of wire were erected 
and power succcssfull) transniilteil to Walerbury. and other cities. 
Se\'eral electric roads are run h\ it. and nhimaleh the Xew ^'ork 
and .\'ew i ia\-en and Hartford Kaili' Coni])an\ obtained tlie con- 
trol (,f the ])l;mt. 

I S E R M O. N',t'':* 

^S ' Delivered at 

iLirCIzTF/ELD,- I 

■ ,• Od the a"* Day of iNoveinber, A. D. 17661. [,<; 

On the Day of ilic Hxcculion of ,.^ 


j^n Indian Ni^ivc, • 

$.v]J gvPurfuant to Scnlengc of Death palTed upor> 
5 ih h.Ex >:■ ^"'"' ^y the Hon. Suj-crior Courr, 

^■'•i^ For ihc Murdci of ^^ 


' -lit 

r;^ r^fa^«i^j6kuivJi^■■"i>'^.^r■?■^A(^^■!LJ^■^^4^tr^. 

Preached upon the Dcfirc of ihcCrimin 
publif)it'd at the requcft of ronic.i)']F 
Hearers. ^ ..^-^ 

*af\or of \\\\i firft Church in Farimj^gtQn^\J, 

% 'Jlwu Jf>alt not kill. 

Sixth CommamiK^ 

' H A R r F,0 R X> 

[printed by Green ^ JVa(/o}f,''Dta.r the ^^Cftl 
BriJge./X' ' '^' 

^:l%tm^^- -'«:^r*•Ti.'i^. 

( Ixcprixlnction nf title pa^c of sonmin), 

OI.l) Si:KMr)N' 341 


The cniipik'r lias in liis library a coj))' of a scniion delivered at 
Litolitirlil. in Xiiwiiiliri-. ij'xS. (Ui tlir cxcculinn of julin Jacobs for 
imirdcr >>[ janK'> Clii ickrcr. hoih Indian natives, the title Jjaj^c of 
which is herewith rcpii nhiced. 'I'his i> the first trial for murder in 
tlic ciinnty, and inn>t ha\c ])vvn ni nnnsual interest to have called 
forth a scrnmn tnmi so eminent a di\ine as Timothy I'itkin, pastor 
of the Chnrch at i'"annin^ion. I will {|uotc a few choice extracts 

The text was : 

\lMi:i:i<S X.\X\'. 16. 

And if jii'! smiti: him with an IxsTRL":\rKXT or IRON, (so 
'iiiAT iiK DiK) 111': IS A AlL'RDlUxHR : Tiii'; Mlkdf.kkr shall 

SIKI'.IA i;iv J'L'T To DkaTIL 

After a lons^" sermon on the text adilressed to "Men and brethren;' 
and ending- with "There is no wa\' for sinners, but to repair to 
Christ; to Christ we must g". or to liell," the learned Divine pro- 
ceeds, "M\' discourse now turns to the poor prisoner, under sen- 
tence of death." — witli the following soothing language, "JOHX 
JAC()I5S. It was \our re(|uest. tliat tliis last advice, by me should 
be given to \ou, and there f^re 1)\ help of divine grace, I shall speak 
to you, with great ])lainess, and ()! that 1 may address you, with 
that warmth and faith fullness, which your present case calls for; 
this being the last sermon you will ever hear. 

"When I see a poor criminal, under sentence f)f death, when I 
view _\'our aggravated crimes, and \on standing upon the edge of 
time, and just launching into an unalterable and eternal state; O! 
jjrisoner what shall 1 sa}' to you! O! my hearers, what words shall 
} our preacher choose ! 

Prisoner, attend! The great Cod hath made a law. that lie that 
shcddctli iiian's blood, by iiinn sludl his blood be shed. An<l in our 
text, /'/ one siinfe another z^'itli an insfnniieiif of iron, so that he die, 
lie is a nuirdercr. the murderer shall snrely be f^iit to death. COD 
had an infinite authority to make this law, and annex this jicnalty ; 
and, J()HX, this is your case: you smote one of your fellow crea- 
tures in malice and rage, with an insfniiiieiit of iron so that he died ; 
tlierefore }ou are a murderer, and you stand ehari^^able with guilt 
of blood, 'tis just that you be ])nt to deatli. fur I)y the statute of 
lieaven, by the law of C( )1). you ought to die. 

I'risoner, attend! \'ou deserve to suflfer the eternal pains of 
hell, it is just in God to send you to the hopeless regions of the 
damned ; you was a sinner and have been a jirayerless malicious 
creature, therefore GOD, against whom nou ha\e sinned and whose 
laws you have violated, may justly damn you." There is a consider- 
able more of this kind of consc^.laticn. 

342 i.ri'i'ii I'l i:i.i) cointn' i;i:ncii and j;.\r 


The l)i(iL;ra])liical noics on 'I'ruiiiaii Sniitli, wliicli I have hereto- 
fore given, were jjrepared l)y a chstingnished lawyer of Xew York 
City, who had licen associated with Mr. Sniitli in his practice, and 
mostly relate to matters outside ol' Liiclitield Conm\. The Ilnmas- 
ton case, however, was one in which ihe ])lainlitT. .Mr. liumaston, 
was a native of Litchfield, and was in the em])lo\ of the Western 
Union Telegraph Company when he invented a process of sending 
a nnmber of messages simultaneous upon the same wire, and the 
Tclegra])h Company claimed that it was their i)roperty. To prevent 
other telegra])h companies from using this invention the\' pensioncci 
Mr. Humaston dm-ing his lifetime. 

During Mr. Smith's residence in Litchtield he was one of the 
leading-, if not the leading lawyer in Litchfield County, in certain 
classes of cases, and used the forcible, brow-heating method of 
trial. Lie was a terror to witnesses in cross-examination, and many 
stories are told about him. l're^•ious to the great tire in 1886 the 
compiler had in his office a massixe cherr\- table which once be- 
longed to Mr. Smith, who frequently came into the office, as he 
visited Litchfield, and wotdd go up to the old table and after ex- 
amining it a little would sa\-. "Old fellow. T have ])ounded you a 
great many times !" 

I well recollect the last case which Mr. Smith tried in this court, 
and proljably the last one he tried in any court. It was a case which 
was brought by Mr. Cothren for some man in W'oodbtiry against 
'Sir. Xathan Smith of Roxbnry. a brother of Truman Smith. It 
ap])eared during the trial that the plaintifif never authorized the 
bringing of the suit. Avhich was over some very trivial dispute of 
account, nor did the ])arty who was rec(^gnized to itrosccute, enter 
into any recoonizance. The case came before judge I lo\e\-, and 
]\Ir. Smith moved that it be erased from the docket, and made an 
argument of about two hotn\s in sup])ort of his motion. He wa? 
then nearly eighty years old and too infirm to stand during his argu- 
ment, so he would stand part of the time, then sit for a time, and 
never did an attorney receive such a scoring as did Mr. Cothren, 
who withdrew^ the suit. The wliole jierformance was the most im- 
pressive exhibition of ancient legal warfare I ha\e e\er witnessed. 

C. F. Sedgwick, b'scj. of Sharon, Conn., said in an article in the 
Leavenworth C.enealoyy, P. 26. that "Up to Mr. Smith's time, the 
eminent men of the county were a kind of ])rivile'2"ed class, neve.' 
mingling with the common people — but Mr. Smith welcomed to 
his acf|uaintan(,H' and sym])alh\- s^ood men ot all conditions in societv 
no matter how humbU' or obscure the man might be. I le never took 
advantage of his social |)osition to obtain preferment t"or himself — 
never asked for a nomination — never solicited the vote of any man — 
his weight of character, eminent fitness and great abilities alwavs 
marked him as the man for the ])lace and his nominations were made 
with iiTcat nnanimit\-. " 


J!\k()X TlTTUv 



jruv COM M issi(i\i:us 34.^ 

Mr. Smith, in the lattrr pari of \u^ Wiv. hvr<l in Stanifonl. an I 
for a numhrr ol xcars was artiwly e-n^a,L,a-(l in the- su|)])rt'S>i<jii of 
intoxicating- li(|uiirs. writing' and imhHshin.L;; several ])am])hk'ts rc- 
latin_L,'' thereto and often a])i)earin^ Ijefnre tlie Tieneral Assenihlv' 
in support of temperance legislation. 

]['\<\ C( ).\I.\IISS1< ).\i-:rs. 

On patic }2() tlie metliod of drawing;- jurors is outlined. I have 
obtained the pictures nf all of the jury Commissioners since this 
way of selectino- the Jury was ])r()\i(led and who act with the Clerk- 
as the board of selection in Jul\. 

CiKoi^c.i'. C. 1 Iakkisox was api)i)inted in 1895 and died while 
holdino- the ollice, h'ebruary 25111. i^)i)/. He was born in Cornwall, 
Mav Kjth, 1840, and resided in lii> native town all his lite. holdin.L^ 
nearly all the honors its citizens ccndd i^ive him rci^ardless of party 
in the town otlices. Was judj^e of I'rohate many years. He was 
often ajipointed by this Court as a Committee to lay out roads, ap- 
praise property, assess dania.^e. etc. As a Jury Commissioner he 
was very conscientious and at the sessions of the board he always 
had his list carefully marked and ch -eked as to the fitness of each 

T')^•Ro^■ Ti'TTi,]-; was also ai)])ointed in 1895 and resigned s(^on 
after .Mr. i larrison's death, lie was also exceedini^ly careful and 
lair in the discharge of his duty, lie died in riymnuth September 
25. 1908. aged 83. He was in early life an active business man and 
a noted manufacturer of carriages which industry he discontinued 
soon after the close of the civil war. He held many of the most 
important oHices of the town of I'lymouth ; Selectman and Judge 
of Probate. He did a good deal of law business such as conveyanc- 
ing, drawing wills, contracts and the like. He was especially fond 
of assisting attorne\s in i)reparing a case for trial by looking u]) 
the evidence, witnesses and exhibits, and felt great pride saying that 
he never lost a case that he ]ire])ared as he desireil. 

AxDRKu' G. T>ARNi:s was ai)pointed Jur\- Commissioner in 1907. 
He is a native of Sherman Cnnn.. born November T5th. 1838. but 
has resided in Xew .Mil ford nearl\ his whole life where he is an ex- 
tensive farmer, dairyman, cattle breeder and large grower of to- 
bacco. Has held many town ollices and represented Xew Milf(^rd 
in the Legislature of i8<j5 and 1903. and was Senat<M- of Ir.s dis- 
trict in 1907. and is re-elected Senator for 1909. 

CtiESTKkI'IKi.!) C. M ii)ni.i:i'.KooK was an])ointed a Jury Com- 
missioner in 1907. He has been Sheriff of Litchfield Countv and 
possesses a large acquaintance all over the County, peculiarly 

fiitting him for exercise of his ])resent oHice. 

344 i.nxiii-ii:i.f' C(U ntn' i;i:\cii and v.wi 


The office (if Cnuntv (."oinniissioner was established more than 
half a centurv a.^n and a lar.^e variety of (hit'ies arc assi<;ned l(j 
them in rehition ti> (.'(iunl\ alTairs, such a> ])niviihnf^ for the care 
t'f the Ctnuitv l)uil<hn^s, their rei)air, provichno- fur .the maintetiancc 
of the jaih etc. rrol)al)ly their most archious (hity is that relating 
to the excise, or .i;rantin,i;- of licenses for the sale of spirituous and 
intoxicating- licpiors. Their salaries at present are ^Ck'.o a year and 
mileage. Thev hold their ollice for four years from their api)oint- 
ment. The present C'ommissioners are as follows 

lluhert r>. (."ase. the Chairman is a native of I'-arkhamsted, horn 
Ajiril _:;rd. iS5(). He is a merchant, has heen a memher of the Gen- 
eral .\ssemhl\- from his town, and has lield man\- town ollices. ilis 
term of ollice ex])ires October i, i()M. 

Howard Ai. (aiernse}- was born in Thomaston January 9. 1877. 
lie has heen for se\'eral _\ears engaged in the manufacture of lum- 
ber. His mills are now in operation in Xew llam])shire and \ er- 
mont. He has rejiresented Thomaston in the Legislature. His 
term of ollice ex])ires ( )ctober i, Kjii. 

John J. Karl was born in C.i.shen, \. ^'. March T, i8(')4. but has 
roided since his boyhood in Litchfield. He is a teacher, comi)oser 
and i)ul)lisher of nuisic. Is very active in political affairs, and is 
'I'own Clerk of Litchfield, and Clerk of the Probate Court of Litch- 
field District. His term of office expires ( )ctol;er 1, HJ13. 


COLKT Mi{SSi':.\Cd':RS 

( )ne of the btisy men in Court is its messengers. The duties 
are various, and not delined b\' statute. The the:iry is the\' are to 
regulate the tem])erature, lighting and wiuilatii m o| the Court 
room; to get reference l)ooks as recpiired from the library for use 
in the Court, and attend to the nudtitudiuous errands of the lawyers 
engaged in the trial of a cause. 

The}- are appointed b_\- and hold iheir ollice during the ])leasure 
of the judge. 

Tile present messengers are at Lilchlield. CIk'uuuh'x |. Luel. He 
is al-so the Janitor (if the building. In W'insted. Dr. \\ille\- T. Smith. 
a dentist bv profession, rests his nerves in the forensic elo(|uence oj 
the attorneys. In Xew Milford, Lewis W. Mosher. a veteran of the 
Civil war, enjoxs tlu' strifes ;nid cinllicts of the opjiosing parties. 



1 J^^ 

— -^ 

- O 



One luindix'il _\(.;irs have 1)1'(jul;1iI llicir IiIimjih aiiil Iniil, 

Since ■■c'vcr\ dik' wlio had a cause or suil." 

Mii^ht "come up hither" and i)rcsenl his claim, 

With no misg'ivings, that, whoever came. 

With a good cause, good witnesses, good men 

Upon the bench as judges, and, again, 

A\'ith twelve good honcsit jurors; if he saw 

That well-feed "counsel learned in the law," 

]lad courage, after half dozen fights. 

Would — stand an even chance to get his rights, 

Aud then at least the controversy o'er. 

The case all settled, to be tried no more. 

Those hundred years, as onward tlu\ Iia\e s\\e])t, 

Have seen how calm the litigants have slept: — 

judge, jury, counsel, jmrties have withdrawn. 

And to a higher bar together gone. 

Where everv right decree is ratified 

And every wrong reversed and set asicle. 

JoTix Pii:ki'o\' 

Ix Rk 

BKXCII and r>AK. 

Taxi.'aky I, 1909 

P)C it remembered that this cause having been i)ending for a 
century and a half, and the ])artics having been dul\- heard, by llieir 
witnesses and counsel, and having examined the foregoing exhibits, 
v.-hich are made a part of this record. It is considered and ordered 
that the foregoing judgment presented fifty years ago to the citizens 
of Litchfield Count_\' ])\- jolm rier])onl in his (."entennial ])(iem is 
hereby accepted and ai)proved. 

DwiGHT C. Kir.r.orRX. 




A Baldwin. Birdscye 115, 222 

Chief Justice 312 

.\ln.riKtIiy, IClisha S. 142, 217 Daniel 221 

Adam and Cliurcli 22 George H. 127, 22^ 

Adam and Kve 313 George 223 

J. Ilenr\' 2\6 Isaac 11, 121, 123, 140, 143,223 

Adam-. Andrew Isaac Jr. 224 

11, 5t>, 126, J3'J, 181, 217, 336 Roger S. 224, 33O 

Eli jail 123, 217 Samuel 244 

John Q. 124, 218 \Villiani 224 

John (Juincy 92, 105. 293 Ball. Luther T. 244 

John 174, 2uS Bancroft, (icorge 137 

Samuel 217 P>arl)c)ur, Henry S. 224. 301 

A(ldi^. Jiilm V. 124. 21S S\lvesler 224 

Aiken, l-'dnumd 123. 218 Barker, Prof. 153 

JMhn 218 Barnes, Andrew G. 343 

Albro, Jiihn A. 218 Lorrin 224 

AUd.s. James 34c Barrett. John 121 

Allen, kthan 13 Barlow, Joel 80, 176 

ilenr\ J. 127. 219, 266 Bates. A. 192, 225 

J<ihn Robert C. 221 

II, 2%. 45, 56, 62. 126, 218. 338 Ballell, Josiah B. 225 

John Wm. 47, 139 Beach, Jesse 225 

Ames, Fisher 336 John S. 156 

Andrews. Charles B. Supl., Geo. \V. 154 

125, 126, 129, 181. 219. 309. 310 Ik'ardsley. Ferris 150 

Charles \V. 221 Beckwith, J. Gail 123, 22^ 

Hdward Warren 221 Beebe, Zenas--trial 148 

James P. 221 Beecher, Abraham 225 

Samuel James 221 Henry Ward 182 

William 221 Hezekiah 225 

\\'. H.. Rev. 22\ Rev. Lyman 37 

Andros. Sir Edmund 6 Philemon 225 

Annual banquets 316. 317 Truman 225 

Ashley. Timothy 140 Beeman. Frederick D. 

At wood, C. B. ' 124. 22 r 126, 139, 226, 262, 2-j},. 321. 2>2- 

Austin, .\aron ir, 142, 143, 222 Beers. Frederick 225 

Ralsamon C. 221 George W. 226 

Averill. Roa;cr 108, 222 Lewis F. 226 

Ayers. Russell W. 211 Seth P. 

88. 92, I2f), 135, 171, 226. T,},?, 

Belden. Charles O. 226 

B Bellaniv. Jo-eph H. 30. 95. 135, 226 

Joseph, D. D. 30. 226 

Babcock. Rufus. Rev. 7 Benedict, Amos 226. 296 

Bacon, Asa Noah B. 

61, 86. 87, 134- •^■2-'- .^.?.^- .^38 29, 56, yj. K\ 87, 123. 134. 139, 

Epaphroditus C. 222 149, 22"], 27?. 338 

Gen. Francis 222 Rev. Noah 39 

Backus. Azel. D. D. 23. 33 Bennct, Mi'lo L. 22~ 

Baker. Willard 124, 222 Benton. Jacob 122 

Balcomli. Benjamin, murder 152 Lsaac 21 


IN I) 


Berr.\. Honian 


I'rowiixm. Samuel 


Bet IS. John li. 






I'.uekingham. (".ov. Win. 



, 30 r 

Bi(Iun-lI. William W". 


1 lonuT 


Biercc. William W. 


. 227 

S. Me Lean 


. -'.3.3 

Billings. X. 


I'.uel. Dr. lleiirv W. 


. LSO 

Bills. Henry A. 

Dr. Jolm L. 


Brigham. Judge 


Norton I. 



Bion. .MiolKU'I--trial 




Bird. 11. -n. Jnhn 


P)ull. h"i)ap]irus. W. 





Hurke. William 


Bissell. Daniel 


Burr. Aaron 44. 


. 19T 

, 335 


Sally 44. 

1 82. 






Burrall. Porter 





William .\L 



, 56 

80. 91. 10 J. 1 12, 






^.32. 233. 

Blackman. Ehcnezer B. 


William P. 



Blagden, Col. 


Burrill. Charles D. 


Blake. Louis |. 



Burnham, Oliver 


Blakeslee. J. "W. 


Bushnell, Horace 


Blakelev. Samuel C. 


Butler, Calvin 90. 




Blodgett. William H. 



Calvin R. 


Bnardman. Daniel. Rev. 


Malcolm N. 


David S.— Sketches 


Col. John 


40. 80. 86. 88. go. i 

•^3. 1.35- 


Butler, Hon. Thomas B 



228. .^i.^.:;. x^7. 33^ 

Chief Justice 





20, 97. 




George S. 



William W. 



Booth. Walter 

• 78 

Boriesson. Andrew — tria' 



Cable. Curtiss W. 


Bosier. William D. 



Cady. Daniel W. 


Bostwick. Bu.shnell 


Calhoun. David S. 





f.ilm C. 




Joseph A. 







Camp. Ceorge W. 


Botchford. Nathan 


Samuel C. 



Botsfnrd. Henry A. 



Camden. Lord 


Botts. John M. 


Canfield. Ezra 


Boughton. John (). 



Edward T. i 




Boyd. John 


Hcm-x J. 


Bradley. Abraham. Jr. 


John 26. 


1 26. 


Kdward H. 











Bradstrcet. .Mbert P. 


23 f 

Samuel 10, 26. 42. 




Brainard. Cenhas 


Col. S.'immd 


Jeremiah C, 

73. 77 

. ^3 

Card, Albert .M. 


I '.ran I 


Carpenter. Judge 


I'.rewster. Nelson 

IT 5. 

2.3 r 

Casi'. Lvmaii W. 


I'.recn. James T. 


OVrin S. 


P>rinsmade. Dan'el N. t 

23. 14.V 





Rev. Daniel 



Callm. Dr. Abel 


Bristol. Clifford E. 



Abijah ;i. 






■ 77 




Bronson. Bennett 


(leorge .*~^mith 






Brooks. Norman 




Brown. Charles R. 






ClL-iffee. I'.lmore S. 



Cliaiiihcrlaiii, Onv. Ahli'am 
Champion, Anna 
Chaiiiplin, Kpaplirodiliis 


Judali, Rev. 

Jnhn 1). 
Cliapiii, l\c\-. 
C'liapman, Chailcs 

77, loj, isr, 

Judge 56, 7, 

Charles I, King 

II. King 
Chase, Charles Y 
Chcevcr, Samuel W. 
Chipman, Thomas 

lion. Nathaniel 
Chittenden, Fredenek 
Choatc, Rnfus 
Chockrcr, James 
Church, Aaron 

Leman 29, 50, 66, 

109, no, 11 1, 116, 126, 

2^7, 333. 338. 

Samuel 3, 66, 86, 

126, 133, 139, 152, 168, 

297. 302, 311, 332, 333, 

Clark, Senator William A. 

S. Gregg 

Thomas M. 
Clayton, John M. 293, 

Cleveland, Chaunccy 

Chester D. 

Frank E. 

Clossey, E. M. 
Cobb, Lorenzo T. 
Coe, Mrs. Thomas M. 

William C. 
Coffing, George 

Cogswell, Leonard W. 131, 

Col. William 92, 123, 
Cole. George W. 
Collier, Thomas 
Collins, Rev. Timothy 
Cook, Richard 


Roger W. 
Cornelius. Elias 
Cornwall, Edward A. 
Cothren, William 150, 

238. 254, 262, 273, 34 
County Jail 
Court Messenger 
County Commissioner 
Cowan, Stewart W. 
Cowles. Edward P. 

Walter S. 








, 78 







T5I, ^52 




125, 239 



3, 7O 











Cromwell, Oliver 
Cunmiing, Edward 
Curtiss, I<"li 

Garner B. 

J loll/rook 


William ]•:. 
Gushing. Caleb 
Cutler, (jcorge Y. 


94. 1.34. 


123, 239 
142, 239 

Daggett, Judge 

56, 78. 139, 140, 1 48, 

311. 332, 


Darling. Samuel 


Davis, Gov. John 


William C. 


William C, Jr. 




Davics, John 


Dawes. Senator 


Day, Thomas 

84. 8; 

i. 98 

Dayton, Spencer 



Dean, Gilbert 


Lee P. 



Deming, Julius 

20, 182, 






Dempsey, E. C. 



Dexter, Jeremiah W. 


Derso, Dr. Grosz 


Dickinson, Daniel S. 


William Iv 


Dowd, Wheaton F. 



Downs. Robert 


Theodore W. 


T^orr, Governor 


Drakely, Robert 


Drinkwater, William 


Dunbar, Daniel 




Dunning, Lyman 


Dutton, Judge Thomas 



Henrv M. 


Dwight. Rev. 'Timothy 


D\er, Eliphalet 


Eastman, Rufus 24T 

Eaton, William W. 102 

Edmonds. Judge 56 

David 241 

Edwards, Rev. Jonathan 31. 33S 

Pierrpont 56 

Ogden 241 

Eggleston. Frederick 241 

Eldridge. Nathaniel B. 241 

Elliott, Rev. John 64 

Elliott, William 33^^ 

Kllsworth. Homy l.n,niiis 241 Caitklil, Almi/o 1'.. 3-M 

Ohvvv 170- 174. -41. ~\- Carrctt, Josluui l^- 

Williani W. CaRcr. Jiulfic lulwin R. 330 

;() 111. i-'S. i.'d, 1^1. 242 CaNlord. Frrik'nck -M'^ 

l.-lnicr. William T., Jiuli^c i<>3 C^orgc III.. SlaliK- '^' 

l.:i,n.n-.. Jolm loS. m. .-'3, 241 C'.Klding.s^ Amnn -4<^ 

111.. ''II *• ^' ^' 

/r';''^ 1 1- '1 r.ifford. George -^'J4 

Lol. Samuel l> -4i ^,,^,^^^^_ j.^,^^^.^ p 124. 246 

l-:iy. William 11. i^S- 24' (.^;,,,_ (^^,^,,^^.^. k. 246 

Kmmons, Charles I'.i Thomas R. 24(> 

Knsign, James -4i Condman, Arthur 313 

Ktheridge. Frank W. 124, t66, 241 ('.oodrich, Elizur 45 

Evcritt. Daniel 4^, 123. 242 Lieut. Gov. ^/J^ 

Sherman 242 Goodwin, Hiram 114. '4-'. -4/. -^/^' 

Everson. Margaret 55 G.ould. James 

,• ■ 0-1 . 22:; 24. 28, 46. 50, ^9, ^:i. 106, 120, 

hwmg. Thomas 22, ^4.^^ 149, 183. 187, 188, 192, 193- 

194, 246, 293- 304. 312. ^^^- 337, 

^ 338 

James Reeve 247 

Fairchild. Mary 217 George 247 

Farnam. John R. 125- 242 William T. 247 

Farnsworth, Amos H. 242 pr. William 59 

Farrand, Rev. Daniel 23 (danger, Lyman 247 

Fellows, Francis loi Miles Tol.y 

Fenn, Augustus H. "o, in. 112. 114. "„ i-^ -4.. 

Hn, -^^-^ -• - - 2 .^™...|i"'^-« ^t^ 

F""^''''''"'''^' J- ^-^-l Graves. Henry B. 

Linus 123. 244 j^g^ ^_,g_ j-,_ ]-j_ I--, 241, 24<\ 

Field. George L. 244 254, 260, 321 

Fillmore. Millard 293 Jedediah "° 

Fitch, Thos. ^22 Q,.^(.„^ Alhert G. 329 

Flint, Rev. Dr. 230 Dr. John ^37 

Foote, Admiral 244 William H. ^53 

Ehcnezer 245 Criswold. G.eo. W . 24» 

Governor 244 Roger ^^^ 

John A. 244. 245 (^.ovenior 47- V'^ 

Lucius H. 150 (num. Frederick 24> 

Forhes. Samuel 13. 20. 21 (Guthrie. W. W. '-'5. 24. 

Foreign Mission Sclunil .-^o 

Foster. Jared B. 113. 13.-^. 143. 245. 2^2 

Lafayette S. 101 


Fox. Charles . ^■■'' , , ,, 1 i 1 ifii 

Franklin. Benjamin ^^ 1/4 Haddock v. Haddock ^4 

John '7 Hadley. Richard 'V 

Governor i^' 1 lale. Nathan u.^, I4.V-| 

Maj. Gen. Wm. B. 245 Hall. Benjamin -4° 

Silas 17 I'.lnalhan • -4' 

Waher S. 24S (Gideon . 2.. i.^S. , 5. . 22r,. 248 

Freeman. George A. 245 Kohert 1'.. '-- -^' 

Frisbie. Samuel 246 Halsted. Mr. -^ - 

Henry L II7, 246 TLimillon. Alexander 3.^' 

Terome 246 Hand. Alexander 3.^«i 

Rufus 246 Hardenl.urg. Col. Jacoh K 

Fulton. Robert 291 '"• >^- -\^ 

Fyler, Florimond D. I43- 246, 262 Hari)er, jMhii ^4' 

7NI)Kx V 

llaniMiii, (hmm-kc C. 34.^ 1 1 ul.l.ard, J. I I. 71,105.107,114,126, 

Julius B 116. 126, 1^8, 249 13^. 150. 2i(j, 234. 276. 321 

J I art. William M^ ■!''''" ,'^'„. '^•^' ''"-^ 

liarvcv. In.l K.v, .36 ;™''~- }\ 'f|- ^S.^ 

■ , , " , ., 1, ,,. ,, i\K- hard I ). 157, 2«.t 

at law.iv. (.lia>. K. 125, 24(j 11 , ,,, 

,,,,•, J -t llmna>t()ii .14-' 

"•'»^'''- '^'"'f'^ ~-^'\ lIuiiRcrford, Frank L. 125,255 

lia\vk'\. Charles 7^ Levi 255 

William ^ 249 | luniph'rey, Joseph D. 255 

Hayes, Charles tiordon 249 V'an R. 25O 

John T. \<\] 1 luiil. ilirani 256 

Hazelton, John 1.^ Keuhen 134. 256 

Heacock, Pliilo N. 97. 134, 249 Robert 256 

Hemiiivvay, l.ouis M. 249 Russell 21 

lienshaw, Joshua 145, 249 1 Funtir.gton, Kdward Ci. 256 

Merman. Samuel A. 124, 249 James 124, 126, 152. 155, 245, 

Hickox, Cieorge A. 156. j^]7. 248, 250 250, 256. 316. 318 

Higgins, Bernard E. 124. 250 Gen. Zachariah 64 

James R. I57 Jabez W. 29. 64, 76. 86. 126. 

Richard T. 124. 165, 25c 134. 183. 190. 194, 256, 333. ,3.38 

llillhnuse, James 56 llnrlhut. Wm. F. 141 

Mine, Homer 250 The County Court I43 

Hinman, Chief Justice :i23, 335 Health Officer 

Noah 142 166. 240. 258, 323 

Edward' 26, 250 Doctor 18 

Charles W. 250 Hvdc. Alvin P. 256 

Joel 311 

Robinson S. 251 I 

Royal R. 95. 138, 251 ,, T ,1 T-,, 

Simeon 123, 251 Ing^-rs.-lK Jonathan 122 

C.overnor 2^1 

Hitchcock. John 122 

Roland , J"^g^ /^o 

112. 114. T26. 14.?, 251. 254 I^-^'^' ^"^'^ ^ 'io 


no. 11^, 114. 1.^0. i4,v -:>'• --iH ' TT n >-« 

Holabird. William S. ^^nry C. 2o« 

96, no. \iTi. 134. 251 
Hodges. Elkanah H. 251 


Holc'om'b, Marcus H 125. 167, 252 Jackson, President 241, 251, 225 

Walter 124. 167,252 Jacobs. George W. 2.-,« 

HolHster, David F. 252 John 34i 

Gideon H. James, H. ^ 

126. 138, 150, 151, 253, 262. 273, Jay, John ^3 

321. 322, 335 Jaciua, Daniel, Jr. 250 

John' b' ' 252 Jefferson, President 170. 1/4, 337 

Holly, John M. 252 Jenks. George P. 258 

Holley, Horace 311 Jcnkms & Boyd 21 

Holle> & Coffmg 21 Jessup, Ebenezer, Jr. 2^8 

Holmes, Uriel Jewell. Ezra 2:,« 

n. 123. 143. 147. 253. 338 Frederick A. 124. 2..b 

Holt. George B. 252, 296 Johnson. Presidenl Aiuhew 2:^s 

Hopkins. Samuel Miles 253 Franklin ^ '54 

Hornblovver. C. J. 306 Samuel N. 20 

Home, Samuel B. 124. 254 

Amos M. 258 

Horton, F. H. 254 Elisha 126, 2.-,9 

Isaac M 254 Solon B. H/- ~:^'J 

Walter W. 123. 259 

Hosmer, Stephen Titus 
Hosford. Samuel C. 
Howe. Henrv 

John D. -_.,. _., , . „ T 

Hubbard, Edward J. 125, 254 H. Roger. Jr. 124. -.-,9 

73. 220, 31^. 332 Sylvester 259 

Hosford. Samuel C. '" 254 Johnston, S. W. " 

Howe, Henry 225 Josiah S. 34 

John D. 125. 254 J'>iiL's. Rev. Isaac i»» 


Jiidd, Walter S. 123, 143, 166, 259 

Judges Notes 328 

Judson, Charles A. 127, 259 

George H. 259 

S. W. 259 

Keese, James D. 
Kellogg, Ebenezer B. 
Kelsey. William 
Kent, Judge 
Kickapoo Indians 
Kilbourn. Dwight C. 
Kingsbury, Frederick J. 


King, Daniel M. 
Kirby, Hphraim 

Law Reports i 

260, 290, 291, 312, 

Reynold Al. 
Kirkuni, Philemon 
Knapp, William 
Koehler, Fred M. 
Kunkel, Edward A. 


186, 335 

123, 260 

25, Zl, 123 
68, 170, 181, 



125, 261 

125, 261 




Lake, Joseph 
Landon, Edgar M. 

Howard F. 

John R. 
Lanman, James 
Law, Richard 
Law School 
Lawrence, H. P. 

Wm. P. 
Leavenworth, "Isaac 

Lee, Rev. Jonathan 

Bradley D. 

Rev. Chauncey 
LeRoy, James 
Lewis, Rev. Alonzo N. 

125, 262, 

Daniel W. 
Lilley, James 
Linsley, Frank D. 
Longfellow, Charles D. 
Loomis, Hon. James C. 
Lord, John J. 

Loring, Charles G. 
Lounsbury, Gov. Phineas 

W. B. 
Loveridge, George 

John P. 
Lower>, Romeo 
Lowry, Governor P. 



261, 339 

127, 261 

li, 75 

181, 311 

155, 262 

135, 262 






321, Z2Z 

123, 262 



127. 263, 






Lynde, Samuel 
Lyman, Darius 


Col. David 

Ensign Moses 

Moses. Jr. 

Samuel . 
Lyons, Benedict E. 


Maltbie. Theodore M. 
Manchester, Wilbur G. 
Mannering, Edward 
Mansfield, Judge 

Marsh, Cyrus 

Ebene/.er 10, 

Frank W^ 


Marshall, Judge 
Marvin, George A. 

Reynolds 11, 20, 123, 


Mason, John Y. 

Ebenezer P. 
Masters, Charles S. 

McDermoit, Peter J. 
Mather, John P. C. 
Maxani, Amasa 
McCurdy, Charles J. 
McMahon, James H. 135. 265 

McLaughlin. William 
McMorris, William H. 
Mead, Paul E. 
Mannassah. Henrv 
Merrill, Walter S. 
Merwin, Edward S. 



T. Dwight 
Metcalf, Thcron 
Middlebrooks, C. C. 127, 225, 
Miller, Joseph 91, 

Mills, Michael F. 93, 1 12, 

Roger 93, 114, 

Ivoger H. 

Samuel J. 
Minor. Gilbert S. 




Matthew J. 
Miner. Phineas 

65, 74. 86. 80. 123. i.U- >39, 140- 

267. 3.1^ 3.^8 


















Miner, Tininiliv 


William 'J\ 



Mitchell, John C 

106, 1.34, 


Henry A. 


Stephen Mix 



Mix, John (;. 






Morrill. Henry R. 


Moore. Charlvs C. 




Morris, Governeur 



T. Dwight 




23, 37 

\ 05 

Matthew M 


Morse. Jacob 





Morton, Walter S. 


Moseley, Increase 




Moses, Julius 


Mosher, Lewis W. 


Moss. Charles H. 


Mulvillc, Wm. P. 



Munger, Warren 


Munn, Frank ]'>. 



Munson, Harris B. 


Judge I.oveland 


Mygatt, Fred K. 




Nellis, Edward A. 127, 268 

Nesbit, Engenius A. 183 

Nettleton, Charles 269 
Nickerson, Leonard J. 

123, 228, 268. 316 

Major A. 268, 269 

Nelson, Mikkel 269 

New Mil ford Power Co. 340 

North, Theodore 95. 135, 269 

Norton, Birdseye 143 

James H. 269 

Johnathan T. 269 

Noycs, William Cuniss 239 


Obookiah. Henrv 
O'Hara. William H. 
Old Grimes 
Orr, James L. 
Orton. Samuel D. 
Otis. Harrison (u-ay 
O'Sullivan. Eugene T. 
Osborne, Sellick 








Palmer. Charles A. 

Joseph M. 

Solomon M. 
Parmaley, Jonathan !•*. 

Park, Hon. John D. 

Parker, Amasa 270 

Rev. Daniel 23 

Parsons, Anson V. 270 

Daniel 270 

Patterson, Walter M. 270 

Pease, Calvin 270 

Peck, 102 

William K. 1 12, 270 
Peet, George Washington 112, 271 

Perkins. Donald II. 245 
Perry, Nathaniel 94, 95, 134, 271 

Peters. Hugh F. 76, 271 

John T. 23. 73, 75, 126, 271 

Petti't, Joel T. 271 

W'illiam 192 
Pettibone, Augustus 

II, 79, 80, 123, 142, 143, 271 

Giles 271 

Samuel 26, 126, 271 

Sereno 271 
Phelps, Chark.-s B. 

94, 134, 138, 142, 150, 151, 238, 

262, 273, 321 

E. Frisbie 


Ralph P. 

Pickering, Col. 
Pierce, Amos 


Pierpont, John 
Pine. Charles H. 
Pingrce, T. P. 
Pitcher, John 
Pitkin, Rev. Timothy (sermon) 


Plait. Orvillc H.. Hon. 
Plumb. Henrv B. 
Poe, Washington 
Poem. The Law\ers 
Pond. E. LeRoy' 
Porter. Charles J. 

John K. 

122, 336, 

139, 272, 273. 





Joshua II. 

Peter B. 

Potter. Joel B. 
Prentice, George D. 
Prescott, Henry H. 









Preston, Nathan 

1.^,^ 275 

1(1. !_'!. 14-', 276 


27O, 3-'o 






276, 277 

117, ^n 


278, 301 


279, Z^2> 

124, 279 

124, 279 


184, 277 


Kahclln (trial) 140 

Ransom, William I.. 

123, 12O, 
Timothy C 

Randall. l>cnjamin 

Raymond, David 

Reed, Rev. Adam 
John f.. 

Roraback, Alberto T. 

124, 126, 132, 143. 
J. Clinton 
J. Henrv 
Willard A. 

Reeve, Aaron Burr 
Abner Rev. 

Reeve. Tapping 

II, 23, 24. 28, 37, 42, 46, 56, 59, 
61, 62, 85, 122, 123, 126, 139, 
182, 185, 187, 191, 192, 193, 195, 
217, 225, 228, 230, 241, 244, 245, 
246, 253. 273, 2-/-], 290, 291, 293, 
298, 306, 311, 312, 329, 335. iib. 

Tapping Burr 184 

Roberts, Elbert P, 123. 279, 339 

Edward S. 340 

Virgil 133 

William J. 279 

Robinson, Henry C. 283 

Richards, James 278 

Richmond, Edward 278 

Francis X. 278 

Richter. Clark 278 

Robbins, Rev. Annni 23 

Samuel 156 

Rockwell Bros. 21 

Edward 278 

Julius 278 

William 278 

Rogers, Capt. l-'.dward 16 

William 279 

Rooseveh, President 246. 275 

Root. Jesse 122, 182, 185. 191, 311, 3"-^ 

Rood, William IT 
Rowland. Samuel 
Ruggles. Philo 
Russell. Col. ]•:. K. 

John II. 
Ryan. Joseph 
Tlmmas E. 


123, 280, 326. 339 



71, 126, 



II, 15. 

Salisbury. Stephen 
San ford, (k-orge A. 

David C. 96. 126, 

Henry S. 
Henrv Sevninur 
Roll in 
Scatocoke Indians 
Scott, Fred A. 
Scoville, Daniel 
Homer R. 
Sedgwick, Albert 

Charles F. 71 
151, 282, 321, 342 
Gen. John 
Capt. John 
Sewall, Samuel 
Seymour, E. W. 
Frank W. 
Morris W 
Moses, Jr. 

Origin Storrs 71. 

126, 138, 150, 151, 152 
283. 285. 286, 288, 311 

Ozias II, ^2, 127 

Rev. Storrs O. 
Shay's Rebellion 
Sheldon. Daniel 

Col. Elisha 
Sh'^lly, James P. 
Shelton. George F. 

Sherman. Daniel 
Ca])t. John 
Rev. John 

Roger 56. 122. 126, 
173. 232. 288, 28y. 
(kMi. Wm. T. 
Sherwood. S. E. 
Skinner. J. B. 

Richar.l, 1.. I.. 
Ro.ger S. 
(jen. Timothy 
Slosson. Brazillai 

Jnhn William 


124, 280 
151, 280 
135. 281 
281, 321 


124, 282 
127, 281 
126, 147 




283. 28a 
124. 28S 
287, 2^ 
181, 285 
Zl. 127 
103, 125 
189, 234 
331, }>}>}> 

7. 28;. 







15. 142 

124, 288 

125, 288 

142, 288 

142, 170 




23. 47. 
























>milli, Aaron 

1 -'.^ 



CIiauiuH V 



Cotton .\Iallur 



David II, 




J.aiucs W. 



(icorgc W. 


(icn. K. Kirljy 



John Cotton 2S 

• 5.^. 



126, 290, 338. 

John Cotton, Jr. 


joscpli I.. 









Nathaniel 11, . 

27. 28, 55 

. 58 

96, 123, 126, 134, 




Natiianiel B. 




Col. Nathaniel 






Phenias J., Jr. 





Rev. Dr. 


Truman 56. g6. 




292. 293, 294, :^2^. 




Wellington B. 





Willey T. 


Williarn M. 


Sonthniayd, Samuel W. 





Spencer. (leorge 




Spratt. William 


Sprague, I.eman H. 


Stanberry, Henry 


Stanlc}. Rnfus 


Staples, Seth P. 


Starr, Daniel 


Staul), Hon. Nich(?las 


Sterling, Ansel 91. 




Elisha II. 23. 

29. 1 

53, 86, 88 

123. 126. I ^4, 148, 





John M. 


Stevens, Henry W. 




Stiles. Benjamin 


, 296 

Beniamin. Jr. 


, 296 

David J. 




Stoddard, Eliakim S. 




Maj. Luther 


Stocckel, Robbins Battell 


, 296 

Stone. Charles F. 




Storrs, Judge 

76, 151. 152. 



. 3^5 

Stowe, Harriett Beecher 


St. Paul's Lodge, F. & 

A. :\i. 


Sirniig. .Adonijah 27, 










John, Jr. 




Martin 27, 







Thcron K. 




Kev. William 


Sturges, Jonathan 


Swain. Judge 


Swan, Betsey 


Cyrus 80, 





282, 297. 3.18 

Swift, Benjamin 


Heman, Col. 









Milton H. 



73^ 80, 





Syllyman. I-'.l.vneyer 



Taft, George E. 
Talcott, Col. Joh.n 

Tallmadge, Col. Benjamin 

15. 20, 37 
Taylor. Nathaniel, Rev. 
Teller. Senator 
Tharen. Robert S. 
Thatcher, Patridge 
Thayer, John Q. 
Thomas. John 

Judson B. 

^Lartin H. 
Thompson. Hezckiah 


Judson B. 

William H. 
Tiffany. F. R. 
Tracy. Uriah 

II. 18. 23, 27, 37. 5^>- 

123. 126. 139, 298, 336 
Treadwell, John 
Treat, Amos S. 


Selah B. 
Tcukl, Oliver A. 0. 

Tolman. David 
Torrance. Hon. David 152, 
Tousley. Samuel 
Trumbull. Gov. 


Tucker. Judge 
Turkington. F. H. 
Turrell. John 8. 







7. 145. 181 












Tiutlc, Hymn 
Tiinxis Indians 
Twining. Stoplicn 
Tyng, Rev. Dr. 


W'adlianis, Albeit 

W.idsworth, George 

Gen. James 

Capt. Joseph 
Waite, Judge i 

Henry Matson 
Waldo, Loren P. 
Walker. Rev. 

Wall. Thomas J. 
Walton. Mr. 
Ward. Bennet 

Warner, Arthur D. 

124, 143, 152, 245, 

Donald J., Jr. 

Donald J. 

224. 278, 300, 319, 


Donald T. 124, 

2,2^, 339 

Lyman F. 

Milton J. 

W'ashi'ngton, George 
Watterman, Atty.-Gcnl. 

Watson, D'onglass 
Webb, John Maj. 
Webster, Daniel F. 


Frederick C. 

John W . 

Welch, Gideon 11. IJ4. 

Hugh r. 

John 3 

Wells, John D. 

Wessells Francis 

Leveritte W. 
Wetmore, Samuel 

Whcaton, George g6, 
Wheeler, Abner (trird n 




299, i^S 

^^i, 299 




[ 50.. 

,U-^, 335 


Id, 256 

6, 7 


124, 299 




299. 313 



133. 143 




261, 30c 





175, t8i 






125, 300 




155. 3no 

17- 7C 

1, 80. 143 




127, 301 



1 15. 

134. 302 



Judge Ralph 

1 'Inlander 

W liiU'. Aaron 

i tern ice 

l\e\'. J'.dwin A. 
W'hitnuirc. Samuel 
Whitney, Joshua 

Whittlesev. Charles 



Thomas T. 
WMcox, Marshall 

Williams, I'^thraim, Col. 

Frederic M. 


John 10. II, 1 

220, 332, 335. z?:: 

Thomas Scott 

William G. 
Wilson. Andrew B. 
W'olcott. Frederick 

II, 22, 30, ^7 

143. 146, 176 

Gen. Oliver 10. 

125, 127. 142, 303, 

C.ov. Oliver 


Wood. Daniel 
Woods. Prof. Alva 
Woodbn'dge, John, Jr. 
Woodburv, Levi 
Woodruff, Ezekiel 

Frederick S. 

George C. 1 13, 

283. 304, 305. 321 

(^.eorge M. 123, 

James P. 

Lewis B. 

Morris 78. 80, 

Wright. Pitkin Cowles 
Wyllys, Mrs. 
Wynne, fnbn F. 

^■ale, Tnbn D. 



121, 126, 

124- 303. 
21, 142, 

90, 135. 




7. 81, 122, 123, 126, 

II, 16. 22, 
181, 217. 
125, 176, 

183, 312. 

139. 140. 

193. 304. 


143. .104. 






127. 306 

Zsarney. Janos 






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