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Stnniord Ubrarr 


Printed bf Samuii. Bhtlii and Co;, 
Baoggr B«nai> ShM L«B«> 



Henxdr of tin WAt Hon. TfaomM Babingtoa MsckuIbj, . 1 

ComBpondeDM tf the Connt de Hiiabeaa with the Count de U 

Hank, 7 

HomoirofCoont dela Muck, . 17S,a01, 3<8 

N«w Illactrated INiblicatloni, ..... U 

Bwlett'a Foot>t«pa of <mr hard and hia Apoatles, . U 

Franklin'a Panbloa of our hati, 1« 

The Twelve BUck Sutuei, .17 

Tbe8boe> . . ..... SI 

FareweU to the Old Tear, 


The Clood In the Hoqeymoont 

Advioe to lATen, 

Stof), Thief! 

How to Write a Plajr. 


. . " . IM 

BrH.A.B. .134 



. . . . . WO 

Kotea m New Granada, hf ao Ei^iah Reddest . . .83 

The Cum and the &afin; or, Notea of Rre Teari' Rerideoce In 

SonthAAiea. By Alfred W. Col^ .... S3 
Thel>ew4n». . . . . ) .61 

Liberty. A FaUe, \BrEta, . 1A9 

Cohunbaa Unveiling America to her Siiter Continental ) . S*7 

An Oyater-bed io pifficaltiea, iS 

DivnocMaful Oteat Men.— No. III. Verdngetorix,— IV. Coligid,— 

V. The Graochi. By IWfaeaor Ctcmt, . . 60, 107. 47« 

The Pampaa Fired to the Indiana, .... 70 

Italf intlieKAeentkCentarT, . . . - . . .BO 

DflBniatoun'aHemoineftbeDukeeoftFridno, ... 80 

airCharleaN^erandtheUnhM^ ValloT, . ... 88 

Napier's Hlatarf of General Sir Charlea Ni^ier'a Admli^tratlon of 

Sdnde, ........ BS 

Borton'i Scinde, or the ITnhmpr Valley, .... 8S 

The JewiahHenrfne; aTrueBtorr. . . . 89,140 

Uterarr Noreltlea for the Winter Season, ... 101 

TbeFairCatew; or, Hnahandiand Wlrea. . . .101 

The Pappenheimen, 109 

The Death Flag, lOS 

BnT«DBclifie, ....... lOS 

Clara Harrington, ....... 10S 

The Old Eng^ement, lOS 

The Convent and the Harem, ..... 10* 

The Whale, ..;.... 10« 

Falkenhnnfa, . « . .104 

nnrence SMkrUls. ...... 1O0 

llr. Wray*! Caah-boi, 106 

Anecdote of Lord Byran, . . iij 

A Glance at Doncaater Racea and Radn^ , .... lis 
Zoolog i cal Notee and Anecdotes. — Crooodilea, . 183 

Aoecdotea of Htneea, ...... ast 

Anecdotea of OaUichea, ..... 40i 

flow Mr. Robert SmithiiDn anitt^d in tli« Inte Coup d'EUt, 

A ravage ill Iho Lift! of Mr. remipno Potts. 

A LHtTUy 4;oM)|) with Miui Miifurd, 

Mitford'K lAUnry Life, ..... 

Tliu UK»m.LBilil^r, ..... 

Oi^ffon, ('ulifumia, and theSatidwicb IstondB, . 

t'uko'* CaJifoniin, .,..,, 

leaves from tlip Life of an Old DiplomatiKt, 

TradiUdiw of Whig CaWneU, . . ■ , 

AlbeEnnrlfi'K, Lord. Mcmulre of tlie ManiiiiB of ]loelc]n|fliani, 

Aiiint«ur Soldierinir, ..... 

SwJwty In India, ....,, 

Liffi in Bomba}-. ...... 

My Three Fiaoc^e*. A Ta\e of Disatiiioiiitiid Love, 

^ Th« Sea ! " LotinJ- Rcddilum, by W. Hollia, 

Tht An,ht and AI>d-cl-Kad«r at Anilmue 

Kro(f«, oh ! , 

Tournwith Old Travellora. Tmvcla lo England in tbe Reign of 
Kdwflrd t)ie Fourth, .... 

lUniinisceiiceii of » Man of the IForld, 

A LilUeMuUkr, ...... 

Lir«<if Jahn SlunniiLf, by J. JumbeU i nnd of tho Doko uf Smith 
liy IsrncI Iteuoni, M.P. ..... 

Biibo|> Itrrltcley ftuil Ratioijullsm, .... 

The Inlc Baryuew V(/n Heck, ..... 

linglbh AdiiiiiiiatrntioDsfrom li^lA U> 1930, 

RoehucJt't HiKtory of the Whig MiniKirVi 

Life of M Architect.— Schoor Hays,— My First Cominy to London 
— Finst Climtmas in Lonilun, — 1 Leuvv Scliuul, nnt A|>]>ion- 
ticMl, «Dd fall in I..ovr,— London iu> I found it; uud sm it was 
•wnc Sixty Yean before, . . • Siii, sm, 507, 5 

Tlfi Iat« Robert UlA-ckwood, Esi). . . • 

An Ancient llntiib Coin reL-«[itly dlBcuvpred at Dover, 

Ro^lnrid ind h«r lliiitiirtiuij, .... 

MuvRTPfior'g lliirtory of the Britudi Eniiiirc, 

Tho Ktii|«r(>r JoB«|di II. «f Auatriii: Hr^lntionn drawn up tiy tlifl 
Ktiiperor for thp Eduration of bin Ne|ihfw, thu Arcbdulcd 
Francis, iifierw&rda FranoiB I. Now first publiabod, 

A Cl(iiitcri)f NovvJb, . . . • . 

JaMb H«ndiKOti, t)iO Jew, .... 

Siiiritual iVJvhmiiy, ..... 

Sam Slick's Tralu of Americtm Humour, . . 

Heart* und All/ira, ...... 

Antony, tho ]>is>f aad Dumb Boy, .... 

Emily Iluward, . > . . . . 

Hornc« Grnnthnm, ...... 

Thv Ang;]o-Ba>«nB lu ArnenCK, . . . . . ■ 

Itancroft's Illstor^' of the Amerlcnn Revolution, . 

The (.lartmlun (Jiiilcry, ...... 

AViait to Danlltuc, the Biiiitulh of Svlotuun, . 

Cretina and their iiciieruiiton, ..... 

To a few VioleU enoloeed in a Lelter from " Ln Belle Janliniere,' 
hyG. M. M, . . . ' . 

Pnrdlnnnd du Cuidallei. .... 

Tbonin* Iktuore, . . . . • 

Erery I^lan his ooD Monument, . ■ , 

NlcarnguJt, Mr. Siiuicr and 

The Pint of Ai>ril .' . 

Better ThlnpH 

Modem Indui, ....•• 









SrS, S8I. Mi 

31 » 


13, 013 












CONTENTS. ^^^^^^^ 


CnnpbcU'fl Modern iDdtR, ...... US 

W«MBofCliri«tUnltf,l^ Julia KavaiMfcli, . .174 

I>Oa Muniel d« Ro«aa. ..... %67 

HxiofUf la issi, with nn Experience i>f tlie AiwtrUn l*ollc«, by 

Olutfle* I.oring Brnor, ..... 510 

RftTdadoaa of m Nottous Mm, ..... ASA 

TiM Csrrin PlgMD, by A. W. C H* 

Vn-l WD Know ilmt Japan. ...... its 

Tba Memoir* of MaIIm do P«o, ..... US 

Tbe ('arevr of l^iaee Sch*am-nboT|t, .... US 

Popular Frwiwh AothimMM of tlis se von icon th Century. — MftdanHi 

de Lwnbtrtr— MiiTwiic d'Aolooy. .... as^, ri( 

Beaeofe Vkit to ThobM, MI 

Onai BwImp U St. Petenburgti. .... $00 

^Tlu UtenitDrcMul RomuiM of Nortiicrn Ruroi>«, . AOS 

Tbe Ilcii of Ardvanan, ...... 563 

Ad*cntur«( uf > Dpaiiljr, ...... MS 

The I'crila nf FaiMoa, ...... 5^ 

Lena ; or, Tlie SUeiit WoBtta, , . . . «M 

NBthaJie. ........ S9S 

Uary Atunll MUfofd, wltb a PortRdt. .597 

Pr«-[UutiMliU«in ; <ir. ObMilotMin ID .\Tt, 598 

How I Distiiwukli«d MyMtf at Portsmoutli, . e\0 

A Glaam at ds ZoologMal 0«ird«iia Ui I8&9, . €Sa 

Ijavn and tav, .-...,. 688 

l'b« Midniriit Man, ...... evo 

A FbM VUt to tba Court oT QaocD Adolnids, . . .630 

The Last New Loodoa Plague : or, A Word abont Itetting OIBc««, fl45 

Htwaijui \M\, ....... Gb-i 

ThcPMnt orilonour, ....... «63 

8woni ai II iKtiK-'t^, ...... {174 

Faria In 18W, ABS 

Ad Vnhappy Ittarna^'e, ...... COH 

fopolar Pnnch AuthorenMoftlwSevfBtMiithCentaiT, . 705 

RMBt AMrODOtnlcal Duoovoriea, .... 710 



ait of tko Itiiiht Hon. Thomaa Babin^^toa Macaulay .' 1 

' PMUalt« of Adtninil Cvlijpii, Ciinlitiiil De ChutiUon, «od IVAmlclot . lOT 
Pattratt of Chariea tVaUOD ^V^entwortb, Second Miiri)uia of ilocking. 

ham, K.U. ....... S09 

^ K Major G«DeT8l Wolfe ..... 3&S 

a „ MiM >Ut(vrJ . . . , . , M7 




This celebrated euayht, orator, poet, and historiao, b the eldest 
SOD of the late Zachaiy Macaulay, the eatly and Teteran labourer for 
the abolition of N^ro ilaTery. Thomas BabingtoQ Macaulay was bora 
in 1800. He receiTed his earlj education at home under a private 
tutor, and then read for sonie years onder the guidance of the Rev. Mr. 
Preston at Shelford, near Cambridge. 

In 1818 ha entered at Tfintty College, Cambridge, where he acquired 
high distinction as a classical scliolar; and where he established a still 
higher reputatioo among his cooteinporarieB for hts oratory in their 
debating societies, for his .ample . acquirements in modem history and 
literature, and for the general hrUliancy'of bis eoDTeraational powers. 
He guned one of the Craven' UoiTersttySehqbrships in 188^, and won 
a Fellowship ofTrinity hi isa*'... ' . 

His earliest speech m public was delivered in that year. It was on a 
subject, OD whidi he may be said to have had an hereditary right to 
shine. He first came forward as a supporter of one of the resolutions 
moved at an Anti-Slavery meeting in London. It is remarkable that 
this was the first and almost the last public speech which he ever made 
out of Parliameot, except those delivered by him on the hustings. 

Some passages of thu his first public address have been preserved 
in the mnnories of those who heara it, and one passage may be cited as 
peculiarly characteristic of the style of imagery by which both his 
oratory and his writings have ever been distinguished. After a fervent 
description of the misery and degradation of the West Indian slaves at 
the time when he was speaking, be addressed himgelf to the future, and 
" He anticipated the day when the Negro, then crouching beneath the 
Issh, should walk with brow erect from the field which was his free- 
hold, to the bouse which was his castle." 

Many of the earliest productions of Mr. Macaulay's pen appeared in 
" Charles Knight's Quarterly." There are several historical ballads 
written in youth by the future author of the " Lays of Ancient Rome," 
which earned a more enduring celebrity than is generally accorded to 
thepoetry of magazines and reviews. Two of these, "The Armada," and 
"The Battle of Ivry," have been republished by the author tt^ether 
with " The Lays of Ancient Rome," in the later editions of that work. 
They well deserve the honour. The description in " The Armada" of 
the transmission by the beacon fires throughout England of the news 
of the approach of the Spanish fleet, is full of the martial spirit of 
£schylns; and may stand comparison with its prototype, the celebrated 
passage in " The Agamemnon," that paints the chain of fire-signals 



from Moont Um. to Argos, which uhmodcm) to Clvtemieatn the Ml of 
Troj. The prowess of ibe cbtTalnms Ueori Qaatre ta gfowingly [riaced 
before as in tbe balUd on the BaUle of Ittt. Profaablj the itndy of 
Lockhart'i Spanifth BalUds, which xppeared •bout the time when he 
was at Cambridge, but have dooe much towards leading MacaaUy to 
compose these much admired stantas. Not that be is a mere imitator 
of the Spanish martial romaoces. He adds ekments that arc all bis 
own. He has a power of grouping and concentrating images, and of 
portraying masses, and tbe moTODents of m asa es , which cannot be fbnnd 
m tbe Spanish Romancenw, who deal cbieflj with the pafidons, and tbe 
deeds of indiTidnals. 

The fouodation of Mr. Macanlaj's fame as a prose writer was laid by 
his essay on Milton, which appeared in the " Edinborgh Review " in 
18S5 : and was followed by other cratribotionB to that periodical during 
the succeeding tweoty-two yearv. When, io 1 843, Mr. Macanlay pub- 
lished a collection of these papers, he spoke in tbe preftce to it, of the 
criticism on Miltoo, aa " written when the author was fresh ^m college, 
and containing scarcely a paragraph such as his matnred jadgnaent 
approved," and as '* overloaded with gandy and ungraceful ornament." 
Authors are seldom good judges of their own works ; and we totally 
except to Mr. MacanUy's condemnation of this long celebrated esmy. 
Had it been so faulty as he now represents it to be, it never would have 
pleased the taste of one so classically correct as Jeffrey, or have been 
admitted into the pages of the Edinburgh while under tbe management 
of that great critic. We will take Jeffrey's judgment in preference to 
Macaulay's, wben Macanlay himself is in question, and unhesitatingly 
profess our belief that the paper on Milion stands deserredly first in the 
volumes of critical and historical essays with which Mr. Macaulay hai 
enriched our literature. 

This collection of essays is so well known, both in England and in 
Anglo-America, that any detailed comment on it would be superBuous, 
Perhaps the single paper in which most originality aod vigotu: of 
thought are displayed, is that on MachiavellL Tbe author's marvellous 
power of bringing gorgeous groups of imagery together, and of concen- 
trating the striking poinU of long historic annals into a single page, 
are most remarkably shown in the essays on Ciive and Warren Has- 
tings, which ought to be read together, as forming one magnificent 
picture of the leading characters and decisive scenes in Anglo-Indian 
history, during iu most eventful period. The description of the trial 
of Warren Hastings surpasses any other scene of the kmd, with which 
Ke are acquainted in either ancient or modem literature ; and nothing 
can he more artistic than the solemn pathos of the condusion, where, 
after the mind has been excited by the fierce vicissitudes of the strife of 
statesmen, we are dismiaied with a majestic allusion to " that temple of 
silence and reconciliation, where the enmities of twenty generations lie 
buried, the great Abbey, which has, during so many ages, afforded a 
quiet to those whose minds and bodies have been shattered 
by the contentions of the great Hall." 

Mr, MacBulay has, himself, borne no mean part among "the chiefs of 
the eloquent war." He entered Parliament in 1831, as member for 
Cainc, under the auspices of Lord Lansdowne ; and rapidly signalized 
himself in the debates that accompanied tbe introdnction of the first 
ileform Bill. We will quota a portion of his first speech, in which the 

atoiiT noN. TnOMAS dabikoton biacaulay. 

raider will utnerve tho aftnc charachTislicii which hAvo aurked hit 

" We talk of the sUdom at oar ancvslon^aiid in one retpect, at 
leoai, dier were wiser Uhui we. IVj^ Irgblated for their own times. 
Thoy loolad at tiM EnglaiMl which wu hcfora Ihcm. They did not 
think It nec«»ry to pire twice »» many oinnhvn to York as iliev garo 
to London, bccdusc York had bc-tu the cJi{H[al of Eni;tand in the time 
of ConitARliui ChloiTU. And they would h±\ti iwKn *nuu«d iadee<l, 
if they hnd fonwccn, ibnt a ciiy of moro than a hundred ihoutand !nha- 
UUutU would be 1«fi without rvpresnitalivc* in the ninrtrcnth c«-nitiry, 
merely beeuue it Hood on grouad which, in the thirleeath century, had 
Ixxti o«capted by n text huta. Thry fritned b rcpTesmtntiTc nyalcm, 
which was not, indeed, without defecu and irregularities, but which 
WH wrll »diipi«i) to tb« (taU- of KngUnd in their time. But a gr«at 
letohiiKm look, place. The charuttLT of ihv old corporations cluuigol ; 
aew ronms of property cane into etiitencp. — new jiortioDs of society 
reao into iuportuco. Thore wore ia our rural dinlHctt rich cultivator* 
abo were not Avebolden. There were in our capital rich traders, who 
wcrr not lircryniea. Town* shrank into villagna. Villages swdli-d 
into eities larger than the LondoD of the Plantag:cnets. Unhappily, 
white tbo natural growth of tociniy went on, the sriiGcial paliiy con- 
Ihnncd uoobanged. The ancient form of n^reiicniatinM reninined, and 
prerisiely beciDBe the form rcnuuiied, the spirit departed. Then came 
that [>m«uTe almost lo burnltog'— the ii*-w wino in the old botlli-s — the 
new people under the old inslimtioDs. It U now lim« fur us to pay a 
dvorat, a Tuional, a manly reverence to our nncc»tora,— not by luprrtli- 
Etiooaly adhering to what ibi-y, imdi-r otbrr I'ircuinaUiicus, did,— but by 
'oiog what they, in our circumstances, wonld hove done. All history 
i* full of rcTohilioos. produced by cauwn «iinilnr to thodc which arc 
now operating in England. A portion of tti« comtuunily, which had 
CD of DO account, cipands and becoOM Mrong. It demand* k place 
the anleBi, Huted, not to iu former woakncsi, but to iti pretent 
If ihia !■ granted, nil U well. If thi« in rrfiisrd, then cornna 
be atrtiggle betweuii thu young riiergy of ont- cUm, und the andent 
rinleirtn of another. Such was the BtrufTs'<! between tho plebeisni 
nd the patricians of ItcnicI Such nui the atru^le of tile Italian 
llio for admisiion to the full rij^hts of Komao citiuns. Such was tliL' 
gle of our North American colonitti ngatast ibe mother country. 
la the atrojrgte which the Tiers Elal of France niaioraincd 
VgtiMi tht aristocracy of birth. Such miL-i the Btrugnlc which tbo 
WboiSi of Ireland roAintained a^ioit the ariitocracy of creed. Such 
ia the atru^lc which the free people of colour in Jaretsica are now 
maloUining agaitiNt (be atiatocracy of nkiii. Such, finully.ii ihc struggle 
which the middle cIasscb in f.nttland arc mainlaininR against the aris- 
locraey ot rocm locality ; aj^imt tlic ariitO'v.icy, the priuriplc »f which 
b, to inve*t one hundred drunken (Kii-Hallopi^rs iu one plAce, or tho 
owner of a niiued hovel in nnothir, with powirrs which are withheld 
citiea ri-uowned tu the furtbeat ends of the earlli, for the marwls 
' their wealth, aiid of ihctT indusirv." 

' My kon. friend, the rncrober for llie Uoivenity of Oxford, t«ll« u*. 
■1 if we fwa tlib law Engloitd will soon be a republic. The roforoKd 
Etloa» of Commoni will, aecordiDn to him, before it has sal toit ymn. 


depose the king, and eipel the lords from thdr house. Sir, if my hon. 
friend could prove this, he would have succeeded in bringing ao arm- 
meat for democracy, infiuitely stronger than any that is to be found ia 
the noiks of Paine. His proposition is, in fact, this,— that our ntooar- 
chical and aristocratical institutimis have no hold on the public mind of 
England ; that those institutioiu are regarded with aTersion by a decided 
majority of the middle class. Ttiis, sir, I say, is plainly deducible from 
his proposition ; for he tells us that the representatiTes of the middle 
class will inevitably abolbh royalty and nobility within ten years ; and 
there is surely no reason to think that the repreaentatives of the mtddia 
class will be more inclined to a democratic revolution than their con> 
stiluents. Now, sir, if 1 were convinced that the great body of the 
middle class in England look with aversioa on monarchy and aristo- 
cracy, I should be forced, much against my will, to come to this con- 
clusion, that monarchical and aristocratical institotioDi are unsoited to 
this country. Monarchy and aristocracy, valuable and usefii) as I 
think them, are still valuable and useful as means, and not as ends. 
The t;nd of goverameni is the happiness of the people; and I do not 
conceive that, in a country like this, the happiness of the people can be 
promoted by a form of government in which the middle classes pfaue 
no coufideuce, and which exists only because the middla hare no organ 
by which to make their seniiments known." 

He was etjually conopicuous by the fearlessness and brilliancy of his 
oratory iu support of the second Reform Bill, in the next session. 
Perha|>s his seuse of the perilous excitement of that crisis can best be 
t'xpn?$3ed by quoting a passage from one of his essays, where be is 
ovidcntly referring to the reform agitation of 1831-32. 

" There are terrible conjunctures when the discontents of a notioD, 
not light aud capricious discontents, but discontents that have been 
steadily increiasing during a long series of years have attained their fall 
maturity. The discerning few predict the approach of these coojune- 
ttirt't, but predict iu vain. To the many the evil season comes as a 
tolnl et-lipsi.' of the sun at noon comes to a people of savages. Society, 
urliich but a short time before was in a state of perfect repose, is on a 
siiddon agiialed with the most fearful convulsions, and seems to be on 
iho verge of dissolution; and the rulers who, till the mischief was be- 
yiiuil i1h' rracli of all ordinary remedies, had never bestowed one thought 
(in its exi«tence, stand bewildered and panic-stricken, without hope or 
ii'*iiurn', in the midst of the confusion. One such eoojuncture this 
geiiernlion has seen. God grant that we may never see another I " 

When the Itrform llill was carried, Mr. Alacaulay shared iu the full 
)mrve>t of popularity which, for a time, was enjoyed by the Whiga. He 
^VH« i-lH>»n) by the populous and important town of Leeds to be one of 
il« rcprcsi'itlalives in the parliament of 1 833, but, fortunately for him, 
1k> wu* now withdrawn for a time from the great arena at English 

IioliiicH, iu cunscqueuce of his accepting an important appointment in 
lly (lie net which renewed the East India Company's charter in 1833, 
a riiiiiiiiiMiiuii was appointed to inquire into and amend the laws of that 
etiiiuiryi and Mr. Macaulay was placed at its head. Hb career in 
Iniliu W4* honourably marked by earnest aud enlightened industry; and 
III lutrtioular h« deiorvos high credit for the independence and courage 
which lid displayed rvspootiiig one of the rofonni which he introduc^ 


We allude to the celebrated Kith Article of the Le^slative Council, 
Khich placed all the subjects of the British crown in India on a footing 
of equality in the eje of the law, without reepect to their being of Euro* 
pean or ta Asiatic birth. The exasperated Anglo-Indians called this the 
Black Act : and lond and long were the protesta and complaints trans- 
mitted to England against this levelling of the dominant race with the 
natiTe population in the administration of justice. Mr. Macaulay waa 
unmoved by either clamour or obloquy. And be replied to the attacka 
of hla nnmerons foes by a state paper, which is justly regarded as one 
of the ablest of the many able documents which have appeared from 
Indian officials. 

We haTe said thai Mr. Macanlay'i Indian appointment was a fortu- 
nate erent for him ; and we meant to style it so, not merely on account 
of its lueratire character, bat because it saved Mr. Macaolay Avm 
sharing in the decline and fall of Whig popularity, which took place 
during the fire years that followed the passing of the Reform Bill. 
Mr. Macanlay only returned from India in time to participate in some 
of the final strugglea of Lord Melbourne's Ministry. In 1 839 he joined 
the cabinet as secretary at war, and made several Tigorous oratorical 
charges against the powerful enemy that was pressing hard on the re- 
treating Whigs. In particular, his speech on the 29th of January, 
1840, in the debate on the vote of want of confidence in the Ministry, 
was marked with all his fire ; and the passage of it in which he re- 
minded his then adversary. Sir James Graham, of their former joint 
triumphs durii^ the reform struggle, is one of the finest that he ever 
nttered. After the accession of Sir Robert Peel to oflSce, Mr. Macaulay 
was one of the most efiective speakers on the opposition side of the 
Hoase; bnt be did not sufier party spirit to lead him into blind and 
mdiaeriminating animosity against the victorious rivals of his Whig 
friends ; and his conduct on one memorable occasion during this period 
is deservmg of the highest honour. We allude to his speech in favour 
of the increased grant to Maynootb, when proposed by the Peel mi- 
nistry in 1845. Of course we are passing no opinion of our own as to 
the policy or impolicy of Maynooth endowments. We merely say that 
Mr. Maraolay, being conscientiously convinced that such an endowment 
waa proper, acted most honourably in supporting it ; though he knew that 
tbe people of Edinburgh (which dty he then represented in the House) 
were fanatically opposed to it, though it was brought forward by the 
men who had Utterly reviled Mr. Macaulay's own party for favouring 
the Irish Catholics, and though there was a tempting opportunity for 
revenge, by combining with the ultra-Protestants headed by Sir Robert 
Inglis in the boose, so as to leave the ministry in a minority. 

Mr. Macanlay took little part in the Corn-Law debates. He had 
spoken in 1 842, on Mr. Villiera' motion in favour of the principle of 
Free Trade, bnt against any sudden wttbdrawal of the protection, which 
the agricultural interest bad so long enjoyed. He refused to coun- 
tenance the agitation of the Anti-Com-Law League ; 'and probably 
this increased the disfavour which his Maynooth speech had already 
procured for him with his Edinburgh constituents. 

He lost his election in 1646 ; an event which, however much we may 
admire him as a statesman, we can hardly regret, inasmuch as it ob- 
tained lor him the leisure requisite for the composition of bis Opus 
Magnnm, hu History of England. 


Before, however, we speak of this we mast remind our re&den of the 
glorious " Lays of Ancient Rome," which Mr. Macautay gave the world 
in 1S42, while still keenly bent od hu parliamentary career. This book 
interested the scholar by the magnificent illustration which it gave of the 
intrinsic probability of Niebuhr'a theory aa to the origin of the current 
early history of Rome. It gratified and served the historian by its 
admirable introductory comments ; and by its iateraperaed epitomes of 
some of the most stirring crises in the fortunes of the great Republic^ 
But, above all, it has delighted hundreds of thousands, who were neither 
scholars nor historians, by the glowing spirit of true poetry which ani* 
mates it in every line. 

These " Lays " show in meridian fulness the powers of ObjectiTity, 
of which the early ballads of Mr. Macaulay gave promise. The rush of 
heady combat, — the mustering, the march, the chivalrous aspects, the 
picturesque garbs, and the bold gestures and words, and bolder deeds 
of warriors are brought with Homeric expressiveness before ns. The 
deEcriplioos of scenery also, are beautifully given. But Mr. Macaulay 
shows little Subjective power. He is comparatively weak, when he 
introduces single characters expressing tbeir passions and feelings in the 
present tense and first person. This is particularly apparent in the 
Third Lay, which tells of Virginius, 

" Who wrote hii duigbter'* bonoar in her blood," 

to adopt the noble line in which Mr. Warren, in his " Lily and Bee," 
sums up that far-famed legend. 

Mr. Macaulay's retirement from Parliament secured for him those 
two years of lettered ease, without which, as he rightly considered, no 
man can do justice to himself or the public as a writer of histo^.* The 
first fruits of that leisure were the first two volumes of his " Hutory of 
England," which appeared in the autumn of 1848. We trust that many 
more are destined to follow. It would he unwarrantable in us to criti- 
cise the portion we possess, with such scant space at our command as 
the conclusion of this memoir can afford. The public of England and 
America have pronounced a verdict of enthusiastic approbation, to which 
individual critics could add little weight, and from which (even if we 
were BO minded) we could detract still less. If we were to express a 
wish as to any change in the fashion of the work, it would be that pas- 
sages of repose should be more frequently introduced. A history ought 
not to be a continuous excitement. 

Upon Mr. Macaulay's features, as represented in the accompanying 


" The seal of Middle Age 
Hath scans been let," 

snd wo hope that a long career of active glory is still before him. But 
I'vcn if ho were doomed to rest upon bia present intellectual achieve- 
nii'ul!*. his name would rank among the highest of the nineteenth cen- 
liiry. His works are read and admired wherever the Anglo-Saxon race 
hnx lipruad over the Old World and the New, and their fame will last as 
Itiiig ns the liinguagc of that race endures. 

• Si* liii advioe to Sir James Stephen*, cited In the preface to that gentleman's 
' liniliint (Ki French History," 





"Tub iaflueDce vhidi the Queen is raid toluv«c»rd«*d in diraotiDg 
the King's choice of hiii MinisiE^rti in altogether itnagjoary ; I buvc it in my 
power to pniTC. that ihiactuirgeftlito niu qiiib: without ^ndaiion, i^xtvp^t 
in one initanee, vhicb f have b«rorB meniioDiMl, wbeu ihe rxortrd h«irso11' 
ou behalf of tbo M>rifuiit dc Sugur. Far from dosirii^ to mix hcnulf 
Up in lUtv alfkirs, 8h« manifested ■ Blrong dinlute to Anything liite 
important buiincsa; io Lhii recpect, porliapB. sho only nihibiu what is 
luuural to ilin character of n nonian'a minil. I bikvr not tho sli^btMt 
hv»ilAlicu), i))trefur«f, in declaringj thai all that bat been said on this 
suhjcct is uttorlj- fiitf, as ««U ai coaMrniDg tho part which tbo AbV- 
<lo Vmidodi i* 5latrd to luvf tnkiMi with regard to ibn rclntionf of Fraitcu 
with AuRiria; besides, in tbo caaca wbkb I bare already ciiuDivrated, 
and which vtn of little iiDiiorlanco. 

" 1 bcro tak« th« oppurtuuily of mpnlionui^ aocue &ct« in mpport of 
my u)Hniont and sbnll bexin with one nhicb tint &ut[8e«li itadf to my 
memory, though it occurred a^er other* wbidi I (hall subse(|ucntly 
rcUtc. \Vbcn M. Kfclter was dismissed from offlce the first timr, 1 
bappencd to b« at UriisK'h, u well as tliv Empi>rur Joseph ; I uv hini 
alniOAt «*<rry day, and he s«cined to take pleature in convanin); nith 
nw about Franc* and iho Quwn ; it wai from him tb«t I hmrd of 
M. Necker'» dismisul, for \k bad juU receivnl tbf news in a leiirr 
from hit liftiAr. Ho spoke in the narmeet term? of ihia Minister, aiid 
of Uw talents wiib wnicb he caixidcrtsl bini rndawedi and veriously 
blamed the Kiog for diiniisiiog him. He remarked, ' that the Queen 
wai alio very much t«xm) at this ttep : ti^ vrattt to mc,' he addod, * ta 
OMttr* me diat tAe had nathinff to Jo vilA thi» thangt of MitiUry' Bat 
i must prMwcd to mention some other fncUi 

" At tki> death of Lodi)! the Flftivnth, the Court of ^'icntu waa toot 
anxio**! that tbc Dae dc CItoiaeul sImuM Iw ]ilac«d b( the head of the 
n?w King's Ministry. He bad ever nhonn himiclf the most lealoux up- 
bolder of the Troatj of I75C, that ii losay,of tbacloaealliano) bel«o«u 
Fntic« and Austria. The moat explicit and argent instruction* were 
therefore diipatcbed to the Count de Merey on the subject, and be 
roftdily found an imtrum«nt for hix purpoiie, iu the Abbil- do Vennont, 
who w» devoted lo .M.d» (.'hw^mil; for, at I bnrc previously vbicrrod, 
be was partly indebted to him for th« noai he luul obuined ut Vienna. 
The ChoUcnl party, which waa exceedingly niimcrotiit, did not either 
rtniaia inactive i its member* lout no opportunity in ctiiU'aTouriug to 
interest the Queen in M. Ae Cboiteul's nominatioii lo tbo .Ministry, 
^ley OVMi ?r«nt to far as to ejv tlinl it was lo lh«m she owed the »ue- 
OMHUl issue of the ncfrotiatiDU fur her luarriigc, a* if the A rctiduchetl* 
wu not at thai periwl, the tatuX fiuinj^ match for the Diinphin, anil as if 
hero had Itevn a better ehoicu left far hini ! Dtit M, di- Cbciseul. and 
is party, werv not rcry >crupu1ou» about the nu-auT ibcy employed ; 
ihey Buuglii only to turn ererylhing they could to ibeir own 

8 covaEseasDEKCK op 

" After the dnlli of bb gr i nd fa lhg', Looh tbe Sxtcentli connlted 
Mndames hb AunU, open the penon wbom he ■hoold place ai tfae itemA 
of the Ministry, aod it was in conMqoence of tbeir adricc that he fixed 
upon M. de Manrepns, thoogh he was at first undecided whetlier be 
shoald select bim or M. de MachaulL 

" Tbe young Queen ms pleased at tbe respect which tbe King bad 
shown for Mesdames* adTice. At a later period, bowever, when she 
found herself surroanded by those who strove to get M. de Choiseul 
created minister, sbe begsn to share their desire that be m^t be 
elected. There is little doubt but that she spoke to the King on the 
subject, but she discovered imaediately on broacbing it, that Louis the 
Sixteenth entertained the most dedded aversicKi to M. de Cbotseul, 
which may be accounted for by tbe great dislike whidi bis ^tber, tbe 
grand -dauphin, even till his death, eiperienced towards tbia minister. 
But this I know for certain, as I learnt it from the Count de Mercf, 
that a few months after the death of Louis the Fifteenth, the Queen 
expressed herself rery clearly with regard (o tbe reception with wbich 
her petition in M. de Choiseul's favour had met, and declared that she 
bad resolved never to speak to the king again on tbe subject 

" M. de Maurepas, who did not desire to have M. do Choiseul 
associated with himself in tfae Ministry, was accused at the time of 
strengthening the King's dislike to him. But however the case stood, 
M. de Mauiepas was getting very old, so that the ChoisenI party did 
not give up its ultimate aim, and only awaited tbe death of the minister 
to renew all iu fonner intrigues. When this event happened, bow- 
ever, alt mauceuvres were useless, for the Queen resolutely refiised to 
move in tbe matter, and tbe Abb£ de Vermont, who was well acquainted 
with her sentiments, warned M. de Mercy that it would he impossible 
to make her alter her determination. The ambassador, accordingly, 
placed this view of tbe case before the Court of Vienna, and induced it 
to relinquish all hopes of M. de Cboiseul being raised to tbe Ministry. 
Meanwhile, another ambitious and intriguing person waa working 
silently, yet actively, in order that he might one day, by tbe influence 
of the Court of Vienna, and through the medium of the Abb6 de Ver- 
mont, be placed at the bead of the Ministry, this was M. da Brienne, 
Archbishop of Toulouse. He humoured and managed tbe Abb^ with 
great judgment ; it was by his (the Abbe's) means that be had broached 
the subject to the Count de Mercy, and that he bad succeeded in per- 
suading him that were he once minister he would firmly uphold the 
Treaty of 1756. The ambassador did not omit to inform the Court of 
Vienna of this drcumstance, who, from that time, seriously entertained 
the project of raising M. de Brienne to tbe Ministry, through the influ- 
ence of the Queen. But as long as M. de Maurepas lived they kept 
their scheme secret ; the great age of tbe minister gave birth to tbe 
same feelings in the minds of its authors, as in those of the Choiseul 
camp. They resolved to wait patiently ; they contented themselves with 
enumerating to the Queen the various merits of tbe Archbishop ; tbm 
represented him to her as a man endowed with great intelligence, with 
a strong and comprehensive mind, and as likely one day to make a first- 
rate minister. 

" The Count de Mercy sometimes spoke to her on this subject, and be 
found himself warmly seconded by the Abb6 de Vermont, who, being 
deluded by fats attachment to the Archbishop, really considered him tbe 


grcalffrt nun fn Franco. Tbe Qumd, wIiom tncntal vluon was Mme- 
«lut blinded by these subtle iiuinuatiM*, began at Im^tb to form a 
high ofiiaioO of M. de Bricnoc. 

" On tb« itaih of M. dc Manropa*, ihnv tmrigun, nnd M. Jo 

Mercy '■ Kupport, caiued the Archliiithop to «nt«ruin great hopes of 

aUiCcctii, but ibb tiin« lli«y wew ioon overthrown; the kinj> bestowed 

bit «oflCdn)c« at once on M. dr VcrgiMinet, a man who was a p<^r<t 

■tnnger to tho«e personn who babiiiialty luiTouiifled the Qukd. A« 

■ooD M Marie Antoitictte btoiine ne^uainl^ with lh« Iting'a choiw. ihe 

Dot onlj- gaT* np all thoughts of ondeavotiriiig to change hi* rcitolutton, 

but iili« slfo imoMdiateif rrlinquishcd tbc idea of fiir^r eierttiiK hH- 

influcnce in M. d« Bfi«nnc'a ctuiio. in whoM favour it muM be mnfcated 

•be bad prt-Tious!)- spoken to the Kin^ on Mveral occaaknu. Even tW 

anraer which the king made her on thh point I can pocitirriy *uii> ; 

b« rrptitd a* foUov*. ' that it would not do to make an Arrhbithop or n 

B<<hop, Minister, for, a* «oaii as tbry hsd attained ihi^ position, they 

would btf psgerlj looking forward to lh<^ Cardinal's bat, snd when nn(« 

this dignity bad been bestowed on tlietn, they would put forth pmeniiona 

to preeedencv and imponancc in oonncil, which would iaevitably lead to 

their being created prime Minister; and fur this very reason lie woulil 

not have M. dc UrieDDC in th* Miniitry, as he did not intend to have a 

prime .'"linister.* 

■* \Mien this reply ame to M. de Mercj's and llis Abbe Ae Vermont'* 
eaiv, it reiMl tlietn excMdingly, but thev did not attempt to challenjre 
iL They ttitl. every now and Uieo, used frnh rxcrtioosi but they could 
ovrer succeed in indacinff tl>e Queen to B()eak to the King on theitibjoct, 
iboagh nhe still mainlained her good opinion of M. <1« Brirnne. He, 
in fad, at a later period, did sttaiu his cud, but omng to circumstances 
wliicb had nothing whatever to do witli the Queen, and which I shall 
here relate. 

"In 1787 M. de Calonoe, then Minister of Finance, had persuaded 
the King to convoke an uiembly of llie Noiablet. 'Diis measure had 
baea eoitoeoled with the Kreolest secrecy between the Kins, the Count 
de VergeDneSi M. do Lalooae, and tbe kee{ier of the seals, M. de Miru- 
nioil The Qao«n was not mn informed of it by llw king, till a few 
days si\tT the letters of eoorocatton were iiiupd, which is yet another 
prouf of bnw little she miacd herself up tn political qnexlions, and that 
at tliia tima the King certainly did not consult her with regard to ataie 
aCu'rs, fur which I again declare ahe had very little ta>te. If at a later 
period she inlctfvrcd io iheia, it was rather, as I shall anerwards show, 
as the King's confidanl, and in cireumstAnciM so serious that sha was 
only loo well jusliBod in mixing herself up in ibein. 

"The Notables were scarcely asMmbtcd when the frivolity, the 
ihmighilrasncM, and the ioeousistency of M. de Catonne's proorejingii, 
aad aboTS all^ tba death of M> do \'er{^cone4, plicvd the Kinff in tbv 
most RobarraHiiig situation. He found himself compelled, on accocnt 
of the (coeral feeling of aniowuty which was diiplaycd toward* M. de 
Calottntt to disraiis him ; hut being deprired of the able ndTioe of M. 
de Tergeoiiee, he scarcely knew to whom to apply to assist him in his 
eholee of a sueeessor to St. de Calonne. 

••And now intrigue went forward with grenler activity than ever, 
One partr was enger that M. Nccker ihould be Minlnti-r of i-'inance, and 
^^noibu tlw Arcbbubop of Tonlouse. Meaavhile, tdl a fitting person 


could be fixed opon, the pott was giTen to M. de Foar<iueux, and M. de 
IJuaoigiMa wu made keeper of t£e seals. 

"In all these prooeedLngs, however, the Qneen took no share. 
Bat the rival paities of MM. de Brienne and Necker were atill on 
the stage, and employed tbemadTCs in negocuOiiig with each other. 
Madame la Mmchale de BewiTau, a great Mend of Necker 's, wu the 
■Mat activ« posoa in cndeaTouriug to bring about a reconciliation be- 
tween the two aspirants. She held also daw rdationa with the Arch- 
bishop, tberrfbre she p«soaded him to nnito his exertions to those of 
M. Seeker's friends, with the riew of their both being raised to the 

" As hama the Sixteenth's dislike to M. Necker was well known, it 
w*s agreed that the Arthhisbop should he first elected Minister, and 
wbn he was once installed tn this position, that M. Necker should be 
chewn to the like oSce^ 

<* While theee intrigues wen gwng forward, the Archbishop, who <Ud 
not hesitWe to make promJaea which cost him little, in order th&t he 
might obtun the power whidt he desued, boond himself that M. Necker 
should be placed a) the heod of the Gnancial department three months 
after he (M. de Brieaoe) had been crested Minister. 

" Ttteee two parties completely besei the King, who at last b^an to 
be drceiTed by Ibese reiterated addresses in their faToor, and who at 
leegth thought that the electioo of M. de Brienne was' goierally de- 
Mr«d br the public. He detemuned to fix upon him therefare, and it 
was only aftw he had come to this dedsion that he spoke to the Queen 
on thi> subJMt. She loswered, ' / Aart atwajft heard M. de Briennt 
NMwfHMMt' •* « MMM •/' ttittimntitJttd merit; mud J eonfeu it giveM me 
/■JMMrv A> tMTM riM Jte it aiotit ta farm part »f tke Ministry' The 
Archbishop was elected he*d of the amteU dee Jituutcee, which was left 
T«c«nt bv the death of the Count de Vergemnes, but br from keeping 
the prvnuse which be had giren to M. Necker, he did all he could to 
imuTv him in the King's opinion. M. de Villedeuil consequently took 
M. d* F«)un)ueux'a place as superintendent of the financial department, 
wtd M. Nwker's hope*, therefore, were, for the present, overthrown. 

** Kirerybody is well ac<}uunted with the manner in which M. de 
Hrwunn (imdueled himself during the short time be remained in the 
lUtnUlry. Hi* utter incapacity rendered it absolutely impossible for the 
Kin|I tu r«tun him in office, w that Louis the Sixteenth found himself 
twc» uwre pluugrd tnto fresh difficulties and uncertainty as to the per^ 
aMi who should fill hii place. On all aides he was again told th&t 
niiblio npinitiu was uniTcrsally in tknm of M. Necker. The poor 
Ki»K> il>t><vf"T«> only imagined that he was yielding to the graeral wish 
ill cuilMvuuriug to overcome his personal dislike to H. Necker and in 
(>|iH'ltit)i hiui. Ho fkncied that M. Necker might be diunclined to 
at^<o)>l the office, on account of his being aware of the King's antipathy 
til Uim, and when ho rvmembered the discusaoos they had together at 
lbi> \\\\w Iw* «■»» first in offiw : the King, however took the best means 
ttt n>nit>vQ a»y miploasant Kvting. He sent to the Count de Mercy and 
lH»mpHl liiw '« ^^ro* '» ">»' Qween. On hit arriving, the King explained 
to hi»« ^^'^ nwkwanl pwition in which he was placed, and asked him to 
ai'l •« h>»'»'m'*«>' hi<tweou himself ((he King) and M. Necker. M. de 
Mervy. «•>" ihorwuglilv wiwhrstood M. Neckers character, hastened to 
f«uiOTt> ftll doubU ttwa the Kii^r'> nund, but he refused at first to un- 



derlake ib* niitnon that was eonflded lo htm. The King, howcvvr, 
inuitod on hu exrcutiiift it, coosr^uctilly tic wu obliged to weceAa to hin 
ro^ur*!. Aroonlingly ho «ct out far Saint Oaen in order lo iouimI M. 
Necker. His conjeciuiv's were quile eorrp« j ha nK-t with tew ob- 
Mocln, and nftrr a few vngucr renisrks as to th^ sMv of public affaira, 
KBd the iiKMiiiy of the Kini^'i not opposing hiu vi^ws, M. Nfcknr 
accepted ikr offirr, nod HA not «tl«nipl to disguix! tlic mti-ifactiou he 
felt at the cause of M. de Mercy's viaiu 

"llic circumstanees which 1 have juat related arc known only to a 
few pcwon*, but I can vouch for the iruih of all 1 hare *tatod, and [ 
lru»t iltai In ioenlioniD2 thcar facts I shall liavo completely vindicated 
|he Qumh ^ra tbo rftproach of havini;; meddled with the tnteroil politics 
of the eoantry, as I have previously ondeavoursd to do with regard to 
rondgn aflaiii. What ibe Uueeii ea^rlr strove for,aiid felt pinuure in 
obuuntag, «aa aome place or other for those pemms whom ahe like'l, 
or who aought b«r protxiion ; but her wiihus mere chiefly conRncd to 
the object of procuring aonie pant in diplomacy, or iti n rrgimciit, or 
some fev advastj;^! at court for her friends. If llio Minister to whom 
she a|i]>lied on xucb ocea«ioaa «siured her ibal in Witnwing the pluee 
on ber proU^i he should be guilty of injuatice to soroebotly eLtc ivho 
poawwtd mere merit and mure cliiim* to it, the never pursued tba 
BMtter. If crront of this kitid were curiirottted, il i* not the Queen who 
ought 10 be blamed, for she only imngined sbo maa Ao\t\f^ a good nction 
in (olictting a patntioa for lier friend; but tboic senile miiiisirr* who 
were only too ea^^r to pteoae ihe Qitren, who did not n)ru»o to grant 
her dc:ure. and did not represrut ihe true slate of the cow to her, to 
which sbo irould certainly haTe liticncii. Under what nile, however, haa 
not favouritiBm triumphed over oierit \ \\'hen a King or Queen baa 
DOt bestowed proicctioa aad favours oni an object who has little deserved 
tbem, has not a minister perhap*. or his wife, or mistress, or even an 
agent, or nome one in n Mlill lower decree ? 

"On looking back to the lime uf which I nm speaking, and in re- 
Soctioff what the position of n Queen of l-'ranee was at that ptriod. 
oi^lit iho not lo be viewed with iropartuil indulgence, vheo tho ia 
known to have solidted offices for her friends, or fur those whom she 
decraed worthy of the fkvours tbay asked fer themselven ? But in fa«t, 
tlw eoryph^s of the Pulignac society, oAl'd found tliat the QiKien 
refused their demand*, consequently they coaled and Battered M, le 
Count d'Anoi*. much more tbtn berMlf, 'because he lent himself much 
niur« willtDgly, to assist ihem iii their plans. 

" 1 cannot resist mentioaiiig anoiher fact, which will serve lo prove 
that the King knew how to set limiii) lo the influenec which the Queen 
wu supvoaod to exercise, oa occasions when it wu neoessary to eloct 
■cneboay U> an important post 

" The place of grand mditrt de )»ttf at rtiaia had been left vacant 
over since I.ouii the FiAecnth had deprived the Duke de Choiaeul uf 
It, at the time of this Minister's disgrace and exile. M. d'0|[tiy, a 
magistrate of great integrity and worth, fulfilled the duties of it, but h« 
was invested with a subordinate rank. This post, which was very lucra- 
tive, was also otic of great importauoe, as it concernnl the opcoiiig of 
bttert, this being ono of its dut)<4. In fact, it has been declared that ihia 
opeaing of lolten served to feed the King'* curioeity, with regard to 
private nMtlera io families, and that it funiished him with a kitsd uf 


Sgdwit CMC ta the liknme, Am Om ylJeAr jmr^ rf ifa ] 
MrrcJUsMce wm ifcn lii h e J, oeepl a» Cw Ar iba w BM of dv 
sndof pdblktraiiqiiilEtywfiveaamaed^nE tUi «3 bAtkeffacei 
Of i^rest coDDOcntMl iW|wiliWBfc Vim ne ^■but qc bv lIuiE^nncs 
bad rtmehed tlw be^M «f iIm K^'s »d Qaen's bimr. Ae Dockai 
d« PoligDM cntrattcd Uie(b«atopB«e»iW^«ft^aHiirHir dtfttkt 
for her btubmd. Marie Aiitohirtt« Bade lennl ninwjii to w l TTrr t 
the KiD|f in the Doke de Poligiuc** faraor, bsl Ad sat lanHd ia gw- 
in; her pdot; etill ibe wu coadinnnr iiiUMtiin ed by the Dat^en, and 
therefore ibe wai ever "^^Itwy to Aaage Ak Kng's detcnanntiaa. 
At length Lonii the Suteoitb Iwd tbe wcakBcv to rield, asd pnmiaed 
that the place ihoald be beatowed oo the Doke de PoGgaae ; nerertbe- 
loM, he did not fulfil hia word, till aevenl vedca aft a wa idte, iDd then, 
unable to reaiit any lon^^er tbe frequent wlkitatigDa sbadi were made 
to him on the lubject, he raddenl; created tbe Dnke de riiT^eai jiniiiii 
maUre det r^it dt France, bot i^d not inveat bin fndi dm portion of 
tho office which concerned the letters whicb ainmd ^ posL The 
Polignaoi, who were very diaappointed and iliHiiiiiiiiiiiml at tbe 
dWiiiion of the duties of thia porition, urged tlie QoeBn te niiai again 
to tho King on thti head, is order that everytbing ini|^ ga «■ as it did 
during iho time of the Duke de Cboiaenl, hot in this inataDee Louis the 
SlxtiK'Ath would not allow his resolution to be ■^■^"" He ofaserred to 
the QiiMn, that the buainess of opening letten was too important to be 
ronRiiwi to anybody who lired in the great worid, that thu particular 
duly might to be lefl in the hands of that person, who had already 
prnvnl himiolf to possess sufficient tact and discretion, to avoid all the 
embamuismenti of so delicate an office. Tbe Queen, who was 
thoroughly conTinoed of the justice of the King's remarks, declared to 
tlit> disfontented Polignaca, that she would not permit the subject to 
be ftirthpr dincussed. 

" M. and Madame de Polignac were not always careful to assemble 
about ihem those persons whom the Qaeen liked to meet, and she was 
often pkinrd when she noticed this circamstance. The Count de 
Mt>rcy, who was well aware of this peculiarity in the society of tbe 
l^>1i|t1)«^^ joined it u seldom as possible, and only visited them occa- 
simially, to prevent his absence f^om being too mucn remarked. 

" The Count de Fcnen, influenced by the Queen, declined to frequmt 
thttlr oircK though they bad made all kinds of advances to induce him 
to dii «t^ At length, four years before the revolution, that is to say, in 
ITfAi things bad rome to such a point, that the Queen, previouBly to 
viiiliu); Madame de Polignac, always sent one of her valets de chambre 
In iuquirv Iho names of those persons whom she should find in her 
»i,M<k-ty. and very fVvquontly on learning them, she gave up tbe idea of 
iniiHUg it. She had taken a profound dislike to M. de Calonne, and 
\a\ h<i{iiu to entertaiu the same feeling towards M. de Vaudreuil, whose 
it»|H-i'ii>ua aud exacting disposition had extremely displeased her. M. 
dt> l'itloHut\ however, took great paius to get into her good graces, he 
m'<»uhI \« gvieis her least wish, and to know beforehand what she was 
Kvtiit|> \\s a*k. ll was this superfluity of attention on his part, I think, 
^^bl^•b disgMsted the Queen with him, at any rate she seemed scarcely to 
wwhirf it wilh pali»nce. He was very anxious to be of some import- 
■ute* in the IVIiguae Mcicty, in order that he might obtain the Queen's 



favour hoi mpport. CooM^juontly he luul formod on intimacy with Ike 
Duke lie VandreuU, aai l«Dt a oilling <mt to thU taa.n't iocvtunt d»- 
nuu)d» for mancy, w> that when M. dr C«Ioiidg left the minislry, bills of 
800,000 franc*, whif h Vandreutl owed bim, were found ia hii p08SM«>cfl. 
Upon one occnaion, lli« Quern T«nturcd to [>x|irfs* to Madainv d« Poliff- 
Olc the A'uVAc alio fvU for many persons whom nW fouTiil in bcr 
•odctr. Madame de Polignac, who was quite aubmissire to thoitc who 
tuMI aer, £d not fattutAtt^ in apite of her liabilual cttnoma and awMt 
temper, to My to tlte qittto, I do kiA Aink, brmueegow ma/aty Joe* me 
the kauVf to eitit my vUtn, Mar 4mm Aner a right U> exdttde my friend t 
/r«miL Tbc <{ue«o hcnelf i«Uted ibis c-irtum Man » to me, in 1790, 
and she remarked, f da mat lag Uame to Matfame dt Poli^ae fvr Ihit 
aiuttir, fef ate \t in tht mam, a ijooJ creature, and loot* me, ^ut lie 
peapU teka mmund W eomp/elriy »tan<y« Aer. 

" Ab the Qntco iliicovcrL-d that no advuntAgc was likely lo Kcme to 
h«r from joining the todcty of Madame d« Poli^Doc, she grnduAlly 
wtlhdn'w from b«r »aton, and mmhi Ml into tlio ]i«bil of going ftequtnitly 
•sad ancemnODioiuIy to Madame la Countess d*Omin, who nat her lady 
in waiting, and wfaow apartmenu were cloao lo (bote of her MaJMty. 
Maria Aotoinettc vould tjikc dinner witli her, acconipuiicd by four or 
live (ilbcT perwoa; she would get up liulc concerla, d.1 vtliich ^lu would 
•iog herself, in abort, sIm seomod to bn much moro at cuse, and was 
much more full of g&iety tJian alio ever appeared to be at Madame d« 

" Madame U CoontH* d*Ouini wai neither r<>ry ntriking nor gifted 
with faMrinaliag nanner*, nor waa abe remarkably inieltigem ; but the 
want of thcM eoilowiaeDlB wa5 amply oompensaica for, by a gouil heart 
and iwoet dit]WsitlDa, and she wa* a meat ealinabin woman. Slw was 
devoted, bMrt aud aoul, to the Queen, and was the last person in the 
world to mil bcrsrlf up in intrigue of any kind ; she did not strive to 
gain lite queen's favoor, she was only anxious Ibal ttie Queen should 
bo amused when in ber society, and that ibo should b« pleased with her. 
Hct iortUD« was exceedingly unall, and would noi, witnout serious eof 
borrassnent, pennit her to r«ceivo the Qu«en often at dinner, nor to 
glv« aoirc«s in her honor, upon wbtdi occasions there wa* alwnvn a ball 
or ooooert, so she frankly expLained ibis circunniliiiicc lo her ^faJ(!sly, 
and begged ihAt expenses of this kind might be defrayed from the King's 
fisado. Marie Auluinette pref«rri-J olTi-ring to giTc eiitcrlniTiDionts, in 
order that she might not lose nnytbiuK^ by these royal Tiaits. Many 
pooplo itt Madnroc d'Ossun's place, would have taken advantage of 
socti a proposal, and would bavo asked mom llian was nccmsary to cover 
tha expense of the Qnei-n's visit, but sbu did not act in this manoer. 
and only b^ged that the might reeoive six thousand livrcs monthly, which 
waa a wry moderate reqacai, for tb? Queen was fretjuently iu the habit 
of gotog to her nhen she felt her conscience rasy ahuul the cost to 
wlii^ aM wsa potting her lady in waiting ; the result wot, that Madame 
d'Osaan spent mach ntore than she Te<x'i*cd, 

" Tbe preference which the Queen showed to Msdaniu d'Osiun, was 
naiurally displeasing to the Polignac society ; it placed the Utter, too, in 
a pMoUarty dcliealo position, for ihv was coitnccted with them by mar- 
rive : her broibcr, the Duke de Guiche, afterwards Duke dc Gramonl, 
had married the daughter of tbe Duehnn do Polignac, and it waa in 
COQW^jaence of this match, that he had ihe survivorship of the company 

tkc II I «r the Dake ^ VHIvaT. Madaae d'Owoa ondncted wkk gnat ptuftini b iktt *«k«aid dScMon ; she «m> parlien- 
W!t csrfkl i» aiviA ■jiag lajihif «Uch m^bt be likelj to injure 
ue Pcfigaaci ■ tke ftute a't ayi ai w ; ibe «a* vcit raerred on Ihia 
pane, lad «ah cuiied iKnclf to plcaee iW Qaecs, witkoat Iwmuiii gaay- 
kafc ch^ sad Mhai^ be ii aid to bo- kdaoor, takiap adnat^e of the 
^acnr's fanafitr to hv ■ la^ to efcUB bvaan for henelf, ber 
&nK, ar kr frkak 

*- Hva TCfT A^nB vMtke enadaet of ibr PoligaK» : tberwatoadto 
Cad ihaiaii iagiianTgH tothg»oit«apfy faeBJgfgMiMtUie Qoeeo. 
SoaK af ihae mi^a be natonl, bat there ue otben whid on icarcdy 
be uadniiuud, aaaeh, tbai tfan ■hoaU bare canried their iO-temper to 
neb a pit^ as to ifvead the hoA atnxioas leporu about her. Tbey 
^oke Bahaoaslr of the Qaeen's delight in dmciag £ewnije> with 
vmts;^ Ltttd StnihavwE, at the liule balls abidi wot given at HadaoM 
d'lHsuiV A frcqaeaier of the PolignK sako, who ooglit oo the 
coonuT to bare bc^ atorcd br praftMnd icfpect and grathode to 
the Qae^ ante soaie Terr slanderous refses gainst her ; these 
Terses, vbich aerc foonded oa a ■oist mfamoos falsehood, ware deatined 
to be cbcnlated in Pmt. 

*■ It » painfnl to rwirk, that the u nf o rtu nate Marie Antoinette met 
aith some verr dangeroos eoeaues, among those who ongtat to have 
beeo ber most Euthful, devoted, and gratefdl followen. Tbej were the 
awre dangcroos, because it was ther who canxed the Tile calumny to be 
prop^iated, which a^hied to cradlj upoD this poor Princess'f bead at 
the oQtbmk of the Fnmch reTolutioo. From these wicked and false 
leports, which were spread by the eonit in 17B5 and 1788, the rerolo- 
tiooary tribunal foond pretexts for the accusatioDS they hnM^t against 
Marie Antoinette in 1 793." 

These obserratioiis of tbe Count de la Marek, with r^ard to the 
Que«), gire us 1 think, a very truthful and precise idea of the 
character of this princess, and of tbe life she 1m1 before the French 

The author of these sketches possesses, at least tbe inerit of being 
thoroughly informed, as to all that he relates, of having known most of 
the persons whom he brings on the stage, and of having judged them 
with imparUality and without bitter feeling, for it must be remarked, 
that he had no reason to Tiew them otherwise. His position at court 
raised him above those petty and abtorbbg jealousies, above those 
rivalries, which at this period were conUnuatly creating disputes, for 
court farours or in6uence. 


■c-^ae* jr» annfnnfc sir fTtcion 4f tcrfa. tecadik of cSett, and the 
cm ^inufi viu. viiist s^m^ilnic ' ^ jm* sv sh&om^ 

T^« aipwn miuoH ic PtrUufs amr l^ri,* ima btvs jrot op with Mich 
OBtcabi ^ xitsi I Tinnnriiiiiii ir "i "i ir ii iii iii ii iiiii *-T'lir iln-Hng- 
mmi aoub. X cmileifO unirsaB. T^csaenH-Bkacba workt^arti 
1^ mi ^utocm envv- bmx ^xolt jm a uiJ vkb afpnprate devices, 
a&tt Sicwnti ^kt :^ xxar •saabt • «^ jn ntripdaa in Old Eogtiih 
jtOn-. ^at s ^ ^Bib: ■ "■■-"■■—'■■' TW im n csfnicd in the tame 
<flac^*wr. Bnl Tnooni s ^r aac 7«t^ nx ^"^'rr ia bine and bUck ; and 

At iiHsvvh. ;««ii« s santiMr. «avrTi«ti n la* &h ■ ii. br the fint 

EsrisA taa F;«ne& i^vraner^ <«n <nKn^ ncarfr as eatit* page- 
Mr. FTaB&Jn Wt *naioE.-t tcaatd. ks stbJKsi «nh care, and the 
iBidtioBDnBS an at «U(?nDe a» siaor ^ :^ canooBs thai wete exhi- 
>mei£ 3t WmouffiMer HH 35 EiwisfS anats : he has Gkevise gireo 
ta. txaioKKi^ {^iirsner » scaw »&nKt&. vhile ochen ba has treated 
s 1 ^■nriKtpiw tnJF. ~nie pNTT^aav Mee cf niigiaas aentiiDeat 
iMtofn i^ >Smwi» fvoenllT mfRSRW. asd oceancnaDr devatiiig; 
tlbctoc^ <» ^"vvr ^=«cinraca. x sd.v be pmcvirvd that t^ inrentive 
ne««? c/ :he ar^^si is set ii5n^^M :o cxpfesi fc^ i&as nh the nqniaite 
^f^;T«« of ^>««r a=<i pa^-s. i£s ££sr» an too cooTeBtiaaal ; we 
stim ci> ha>« amu :^<rK all Iwfcfe is pktores of ScnpCaie mbjecta ; nor 
do the chink-tK- a=d es|««SKn of thr headt ndeen the forau and 
dnfvn'* fcvat as impcutkn ini ■ant cf oncmaliiT. 

lo cioe Tvsp<«vt Mr Fracklia de^nru ti^a msumaiy n»ge ; that is 
in introJoctc^ Chrta hiiit»«tf a$ an actor in the Kcne of the parable. 
Thus the SaTiour is ^Gcmj^inelT reprnented aa the King calting hla 
serrants tu account for ;bnr talents ; as the Lord of the Tineyard, and 
the good Samaritan. The Bnde^room in the panble of the Wise and 
Foolish 'lligins, and the good ^epheid. aiv both so tvpieal of the 
Saviour, thai the iniTx>durtioo of the pet^on of Jesus is here appro- 
priale ; not so, «e think, in the other instances- The Last Judgment 
and the Crucifixion are boih introduced; and though it is less sur- 

tirising that Mr. Franklin should fall short of the grandeur and sub- 
imilv of subjects nhich have baffled the genius and daring of the 
greatest masters, it is not the less to be regretted that he should hare 
needlessly essayed such mighir themes. 

In remoring bis subjects from the ground of patriarchal life, by the 
introduction of the Saviour personally, the artist has created a difficoltj 
thai did not exist ; and rendered the grand style essential to the treat- 
ment of all the designs. The t«o parables of Dives and Lasarns and 
the Prodigal Son, neither of which admits of the introduction of Christ, 
have been more successfully rendered ; for in simple narrative delinea- 
tion, Mr. Franklin's power is adequate to a dignified picturesqueness. 
Yet in these, as in all the designs, there is an appearance of effort and 
labour, and an absence of creative talent and spontaneous feeling, which 
prevent the designs from satisfying either critical judgment or the 
imngination of a reader of Scripture. 

In subjects of this class, treated as they are here, nothing short of 
the highest excellence wilt suffice ; but even in the grouping and draw- 
ing of his figures Mr. Franklin is not always felicitous ; and aa compo- 
■itiooe, the effects of light and dark are even less happy than the 
arrangement of lines. 

' Parables of uur Lonl, iUuitrated by John Frauklin. 



acMBDd willing to waive il, and I left him with a perfectly good 

I Htl«DdMi «t tk* rolMonal next morning. Tlie wrporni stood U 
ihc mt^-door, rc«(ly to marsbal liis uiaaA of suiiffniumeruntfOt aad 
conduct thpm to the Mvne of tlivir duU^c. We «cri! taken thr 
wiou* dkrk paMages, and arriving on the Tt^ritaI>l<; boardii of " i 
Dniry,'* found Iho ploco e({ualty enveloped in glooiD. The «tag« ' 
prapU'd with many vbulowy forms, tliAt were butiljr fiilling nbouL 
my ejret bcoame accustooiec to ih« pervading gloom, I outild 
diMHwaisli objwU bvttor. A portly little roaot the BMUMger, 
centrally at tlie foot of the >uig(^ and was oocnptwl in drilbng a coa> 
oonnM! of penoiui of both MXeBi differently poaituMied over ibo sta^ 
Occasionally be turned, ond looking down upon a dark abyss, which 
waa iho lucilily of U>c ortti«stra, liawh^d nluud cprtain loclinical tD- 
)uucliuu* to «iMn« lively l>ut discordant iu&truuiputii, in bunum ahi^C^ 
therein oswmblcd. Active and cncr^tic ■ha<lDS, whose ababbjr H^ 
leriors, not even the gloom of thvir IladiM could hide, <ii«re eonaUMly 
darting to the udc of the mnnogcr, and immediately vanishiay at the 
wings, uAer the noaDor of lung Richard's stuff on the conTtniiotial 
Bosworth l-'ield of the stage. 

While ciiriouily otiM-Tvic^ ihc arrangvmfiots of lb* miM en stitu, I 
woa arouied to a 9en»e «f personal responsiUlity, by a Montorioa voto 
exolaimiBK at my ear, — 

" All the mpcra in the Kaloon. Corps do ballot for tba acarf 
Mr. Pnjrnei and all the Gnoinea." 

A rush of those vho had bevti standing near me now t«ok place, and th* 
corporal, obii-rriog my bewitdtimipnl, uu-cercnjonioiislr ottaclcnl BHr iy 
Ihc scruff of the neck, and almost droKiEt^d me acrota the stage to a bole 
in the wall »n the pronpt sid«, and behind iIk^ prompter's box. Into this 
hoI« I van i-ompelled to enter, and, followed by the corporal, anccndcd a 
dark lUircase, u:adiiig,as IdiicoTcied — rfathcdraM-ciroleoflhelheatt* 
—to the talooo. On arriving at the latter laealt, a lantaslie icoos pre- 
sented itself- Some ilonm or two of young girls, in dingy apparel, wmA 
waving a bright-<:oloured muslin scarf, ncrc rangi^d, ria^-dSf while, 
down the centre, pirouetted and gallopadcd a chief /tanttmif, more 
sIoveiil]r, more ibeatri-caJly, and more din^ilyntlired, than the n-al. She 
wore a short naiikucii skirt, diitilaying whity-hronn integuments, tcch- 
nieally termed " Beshings," aua lookinj; eicessively dtuly. Th« fair 
dancer's hcad-drtsx consinted of n coron.-il of dirtr-white liliec; ber ana* 
were bnre, and she dt^fUy waved a ccrult-an-cofoiirei} scarf) twbting it 
into a variety of mnthenmti«al forrnH. Her face waa pale aa narble ; it 
looked a* if it hod be«n chalked, like the soles of her feat. 

" (ienls to thv rigtit face ! " roared the corporal, who gave other 
directions, and we supers obcjcd by p^rfo^ni^g an evolutioo reaem- 
bling the favourite school-boy amuaeujeut of '* follow- my* lesHWr." 
Obeying tlic general movement, I found myself in quadrille poailtoo 
with (not a pretty, bul^ a pKlly-Uitx^ Indy for a partner . Before I could 
colWt myself, I wai drawn into a vortM of evotuliona, io the conrtc of 
whicfa, every now and then, I perccivol my fair partner affectianately 
lianging over inr, with her scarf arched above my head, and ber voic« — 
angrily, I ihotight — beseeching mo to bend do«n on one knee, iu which 
position 1 bad to cover the dcnrcsacd end nf ber icarf with my kiwes. 

Wv ooDtinued to practise toese Terptichorcao morementl to long a 


lb« following act, the " Eboa \'i.>8tiliulo of the Gnomn King'* Pahctg* 
ojMTnvd upon tko auili<'ncR witli n trciiieo<loua effect. TaoinotV>7 j«at«r(. 
of ihfl lUuQch Sttxoii wit, " fooled th« auditory to Ibc lop of tlitnr bent,' 
while wp, th« caryaitdus. wt?r« discovvrccl slandinj on oar pedeiLals, 
nip|ioniiig our conacr*. Miiw.' was iho petition of ihircl »t*tu« on the 
prompt sido. I felt my confidence oozini; oul, not only it my fiugtrrs' eodi, 
but uio nt my lorn. A ma^iirio^til ri-tiniic occupied the tlogp, passing 
ua in proomtilon. Then I'aiiM.' the Ciichanicl Princo (DticroK-) on ku 
tying Ktccd ; the rider flonriBliitif; a fliuuiiig awurdi ftiid (^esticulaliog like 
mad ! Mucb *duabli:' lime via*, l rtvollcn, waited by the dpiays iucidenl 
to a (Irsl niglit. No ihuuglit appeared to bo taktrn of us statues ; of 
GoufWt nobody ever drcatnl that u-e litid utiy fix-lingi. For ray own put 
thn time eoinplclGly bc-flt inc. The piTspiraiion fairly ran down my 
■able face, — an interne irritaiion visilcd variout pnrts of my haij. 
Hying rtpccially to the cakes of my li^gs. De^piu^ th<; occasion, docpitt 
the dishonour attending failure, I felt it inevtlablB that I muet girt 
audible — prnclicfti — e^iprcsaion to my misery. v\m>Ii>iu1 Lunieria; 
my dexter hand, I admin isterud a vigorouii scratch to ihat portion t^ 
ny onsloray so indispmsably requiring the application of friction. The 
action, bowervr «uddvn, wn« a» aiiJdt.-n1y ubicrvcd. A about of 
laughter proceeded from the tbran^fcd pit ; its effect woa, to cause th« 
object of it to lose all pre»onco of mind. 1 could no lang«>r «upprca* 
iDy agilatiun, — an aiidllilu groati t'scupud mc ; tbi-- luughl«r became iip- 
roariouH and furious, depriving me momentarily of runaoo. May 
Thcipii" forgiie the unheroic deed 1 — in a paroxysm of frcnsy, 1 pred. 
pltaled myai'lf from ibo pilinr, intent on iimtunily fl} tug the scene of my 
difootn&tiire ; but alaa I in unileavoariiig to effect a precipitate retreat, I 
ineoniinently MiimbUd agAJnst the pctUst^l of n brother ttiatiic, tbui 
ihrowine this mifurtutiatv cnrvaiidi^ alio from his e<iuilibriuin, and 
caoHing nim, aa vuddrnly db mywlf, to vncBte his post in a inotit ondig- 
nilied manner. The double catutrophe jiroduced an indescribable 
wmation. Esplosicm* of hisaea and luugbtur grcoled us, volley after 
Tolley. We were aoaailcd with nir*cs, nut loud but deep, iVom the 
wingt of the stage. In the midn of Lbo commotion the scone *cat 
cloii'd, and the Klagn Riled «ith irnto officials and curioiu !ni|iiiTora, 
While the confusion was at it height, t prudently «Rcaped. There vraa 
brief timo lo p<«I off my blacli ikin, und ouci> more attired in my cua< 
toiiiary apparel, I hurried from tho theatre, — nor did I retam to rctonw 
the parts, cither aa a Drury Lane knight or atatuc. 



Theri '■ » (treat bail to night at the eulle ; 
Th«nr an knocki «t ihe door til tli« day i 
Evoiy Icnock at Uui door brings a pored, 
Every parcel cootaiiu something gay. 
iSj dreu giT«e no room for con)p]u!i>!ng, 
Flowen. trimnUDgB, «nd n'o^^- 1^' V^^'^ new ; 
And tlM on* only thing now rcnijuning, 
!■ to look (or a prvlly tliaped liitx. 

With greftt trouble, I tnakt a Miction, 

For I muat have • wrll-fitling pair: 

At length, Mm« npptar ijuite perTvction— 

Tbar beauty will moke tlic world sttK! I 

My toilet ttiiM fixed ; to begin it, 

I go Tifry «flily, 'tis true : 

But I vrajt for the very latt minute. 

To put on iny l)e<iulirul ilioe. 

My JreM I daeorw no &u1ts in — 
At elevm we Mvt from the houst; 
And tMir-in-ltour aAcr, wc 're vraltziitj^ 
In tiiiic, to tbn tWL-et iur« of gintux*. 
But that prowrb, m frequently quoted, 
Of tbo cup Bud the lip, provod <]Uito truR ; 
And the dutdn^ on which 1 to jot«d. 
Warn spoiled by my horribltr dioe. 

Uow could I have gucwcd, whil« adutiring 
Its bMUttiiul Ibrm in tlxe gUsa, 
That tlw pleasure I *d been bo dniiing, 
Would be quite rubed by it ; aloi ! 
But no toon«f had I begun twirling. 
Than my ilioc took to doiug to too ; 
And Hhil« in the gay dance, vtill whirlliig. 
Off danced m y deteitable ahoe ; 

In rEli, while I in a daai, 
Ny rw^m bnitcncd to meet, 
I ^ll, on a sudden. i)uit« glac^r. 
By aoiiKlbins cold loudiing my fL-ct. 


A dnadfbl laificKn amc o'o* mt ! — 
I Vnkei ort tbc cnpvad, — fbO is view 
Of tbe en vdi of tpectaton bdbie me, 
A nr^ or t«i> cS^ lar my dM« ! 

Tidi kadi to a paow id mT itajfing ; 

To at, aSt itni, Tm ndoted ; 

niien I Me our &ir hosteaa adividi^ 

And I rife up to te iutiodumiL 

I return with a ciiitwT het greetii^ 

Then drew tack, — wben I IouimI — &ikt, do ! 

I had kf^ at ber feet, in rHieatin^ 

Ut hsiefiil, mj horrible ihoe ! 

Bt thcM afcideaU hiily afflicted. 
All hopes of a dance I renounced ; 
And I must own, I &)t quite delighted, 
^lieQ our carriage, at last, was announced. 
But on mountii^ iti step, — who can utter 
Mv grief: — tome one pushed — Lord knowi wbol 
And 1 found my foot right in tbe gutter, 
Deserted, of course, by my ahoe ! 

Left barefoot — (there could be no wearing 
A thing covered with mud, every inch); 
I determined, next time, on preparing 
A shoe that would serve at a. pinch. 
You may talk of the torture of squeezing. 
What is that, pray, to being wet through ? 
Take my word, there is nothing more teazin^ 
Than to play hide and seek with your shoe I 


"^ — *■- --' z^l: i_»:~ -- i :" .y. ^. r.:; r :;e- .jirrraun?, aac u ■""■■u r 
■•■ i:-~ r ;■- .. - -1^ T - , T-j -j:rz:sTivL iir ~i-" lur^oae 

T'.-z z^ T^is-i^— ' :ij- -^— ~'— r i. - . Tie jr-^m-.on binu ir ricsai 

- — -~ "~ > •- i ~-i- — " ~^r -r*4.-._ i. _i".: .^^li Li-r.!; i'.' . .• ■'■' 
""-= — - — =^- r .- :i= --.ii-v i .^.i::-^;::. lu rn-^mi!'.: M^veiiE 

:- '^■•*:i ~ . - ^ : -:l= ^.; .-:ir"_— -.aria, .^i^:. ,-^_ ^r :;•: -nax^stm. Zj^ifieu. 

-c :._ — ::^ t rii :;;: ::;:;t-^ t^ ; r^a :x-: :■. t ;!:.-jr!:/ :.-;sm;*ii i:* 

: r.--5. "Uiiii^Ti '^i^ -r .'■•: 'r^'^-'.s le. — -:. Tr:ia "_:■: Zj;riaj. "■ -i'4 •!] 
■;- : ■■ =■: .: "^-.s:^ ii^-e:. ± '. Ti -;n fii-^ i.-; *.; .-.■c— .■■,;^: »--_i nK U 
■ ■ ;.: ^r.y^-.- i^Lrtr- i:s^^i^. x^z ■ .r j^.-:^ i.-; ;:j^j:..t::rj'i. i^; zc-i only 
■j:^ -— Tii^n-t.i- t r':r i=r! ir* ie-j:-*. i.-.-; 7-!-ir.' t-.-.- •.■t "cr\;i«, 

■.;■; r.T; !:;■: ■-« F.:;- t^-i:- Jz.^-:'- j:ie.-':cr; u sc f-rE_-iji-l* niiitr 
^.1 z-xiLji -.i *U li=i-; Ji Li-: i-:!.; :_. ;:-'ii.-!':. :J:i:;* ire rcry 
r; V r::^ = ^'L-:.:-! :t: ji. ^ ti^ 2 :>:* *.:a-~:t i:: - Lii "■:,-t>t is 'i3uf« 

I --u-i --1 ^ 1 • ,'*. 7^7 -i*7^f : ■..:>; i.-wa^ ;-" 2ir:-±piai -^ ;•; iz so bad 
I i-.ii: u •.: :>i ^-*rT .-.rirsi. :i;ri ^c '^.I'^r ^-ii:!; = :: «' rKZii.rag 
'JLi :i: ;■— -•-■i^ 5U=':';ei -.1:-'. Tis iT;.-.-a;i ':t ms vu. h« iaid, 

- li i>;^!.T rii i^i^f ; ".-* ;».:J^ .:' :>:ca C— ■.~>i -rn ns'tLlj filSing 
»;u stl Aziu-i CJ-* li :ii ■;^:n.:.-!r flj i; ~l^ ,*r:j«i:<a. The 
ii:.::^ xiiri i-i: il- :-= i-:~! ~z :'-€ ^:~i^-—-rz: :a ;v:c«dy ih« in- 
^Tiii^r ;i:«---'-:- »J-"* _if.r*t. t: c;is!:-;;;=,m of ih* liiSi-iiliies 

"i;;»-~~ ;ii aij ";_r ;ii '.-fir.:: :£;iij. izi :a»: ib* pert would 
».■.:. b^L-cxe i^K-'iiia:-'-^ ,;;'.:*; A" sic-'.-i ij?:*: Ni:are in reHipeniiig 
:-e r:::n7.,:-i c: B;ca.Gri=i^. I: i BjjTc-A z^i::^ of tail year, was an 
:-^:.i,'. e:;-:=it~-i-^- ■-■ ;=ij.-- *-Xa ex;,-j:ic*d bv ;i;e ex^ouiiTc la repair 

■^T-.i CI ;i:f for.i-L-iuoz* 5ri:i;h were Ka:ed :o b* - totally mined ,- and 
:r, ;hefol!oa;:ijToar^.;'!0-Viio"lari, were eipenied ia patching them up. 
Tr::* E^jlec: of the fart:aca:ion* of CuihueDa wai not alwiya the 
loasequenco of d;*:ress or uecJeci aloiie, but reaulic-d partlr from ihe 
U'jlousT of tho other proviooe.-. whose ia habitant*, after the departure of 
the Si>aaiard$. coaiplainlnj tliat all the revenue of the Republic wsa 
ispended there, refused to vote the necessary sums for repairs, and even 
fvpre^sed a di>sire lo destroy the fortifications as burtbcnsome and uso- 
It-is. An addiiionM cause of weakneae to Carihagena has arisen since 
,iic lime of the Spaniards. Previously to that period, the garrison, 
J jj„.,.ver jirtssed by sea, was supplied n^larly by land ; whereas, in 

1.. attacks on the "city during the civil war, the aasailaots have gene- 
' -Iv become masters of the approaches by land, and, by the help of a 

Tiie repiirt* of ihw*- Viccn>y« fgrm fart of a series, from 1760 m 1803, in 
HK'»>'i">> ""f 'he sriier. KmcIi viceroy wm rc<|uir(.-«l to funiiati a itatistical 
i,f I" j„ i,i, Biini'swr on the iiiiiiiai, liiuuu*, and commerce of the Colony, 




MionM-d with bnii rell«ft, boiulifully escuolcd, which was said to he 
brought Oom lialy. There rattiUfil &1bo under th« Siianiard* a t«t 
•paoiout and kaDiUomii collcf;i<, since )h.-(mmiic a private bonw. Tlien 
w«n\ in 18.18, two conv«til» lor tale in lb« citv, hut no purchasers wsw 
hrlh*omia|r. Tho bouua of ihe eUj art dniou &I) of brick, and tboae 
ij ^?*^ eUttaa are Wg« aad baBdsoac. with thick, walb whicb 
pxoUidi' ihv hi-at of iSp sun ; awning* and latlicefl arc used, for there ii 
bwdljr a gloM window in Uie city. In manv of the beiur buusns tbt 
wmdaws of the prouad-floor, towards the stii«u nMain the- strouir iroa 
Rrallaifi affixed by th« Spaniarda fton moUwa of ji-aloiisy or defence- 
llio Bo«n arc Rcnorally of line nnocAh brick, aotw? of mufblu. Aiswrt 
al) lh<* houm b«vo wooden bakonica proportioned to their aim;, in which. 
o» al tliir doorv. the ishaUlaBts ait in tbe aTenhi^. snutkioff rigare and 
chaltinjr. A Btroof douUo outar door leadd into a vestibale, called by 
the Arfchie uama M^^Hom, wbaooa a sli|;htdoor in tbe middU) of a woodea 
l^rililuu kwids into a/MfMt or paved rourt-yard, round which ar« roaan 
ihal «'rv»> for mafiiinet or offien, and in its oenlrtf is ^omdimes a tank, 
ud >aot* rarsly a w^ll. On tba fir»t floor, is a gallery all round tbe 
imwior of ihtt hou*i\ loobiag down on the jiatio ; tlie aide of Uiii 
Itallcrr, jtmiiu|t tho front side of the booao. i« wider than t)i« other tbr«e, 
aiid forinx an itppn room, in which tbe family ganerally take their ituals. 
lltit nwms arr WtT<v uid hare doors leading from one to the other all 
luund lh« bottMk. l>n tbv roofs are Urraces, which aro renortod to in 
Ihp itKiTitinm and e«f«iin|{a. Tho houtrs f^ntly resemble those of 
iiyria and Ihr wamtnt p«Tt» of tba Levant; the first settlers who cni- 

Cilad (Nwn lht> nuitih of S^iaiii having oatumlly followed the Afoorisb 
hloHs prvvaitimg thvrv. The largw booaes of all the cities ihr^mgli- 
iiul tiftm Umnada aro built on iha ••»» pattern : eicept that, in the 
MiMvr MUlilriM of tho iiilvrior. the well or costctn stands in a aooond 
n«ivi behlndt tho <)r*t and priucipal one being filled with Bowrr-hnls. 
All nit>ai» am oduMud of admitting air; the upper nioint have no other 
iwlUnH than ike slteUiag roof, which, Wiug whitewashed, looks neat 
Hiiil cool, and oxclitdca tho swnrms of lats, bata, and vormin wbicli 
ilnd a dw«lllii|t ui the spare. between the cciliug and the roof. Moat of 
lIlM hvMor Itmiaes arc provided with baths, as no one dares hathc in tho 
M« for ftar of sharks. The fiimiiurc is scanty and simple, consisting 
'«ii«rall]f of a fvw wiutilen tables and cliairs, a mat, bed, two or three 
irsM naiidlsatloks, and a largo Jar, called a fiitd/u. for holding wnter, 
which Ii i>unmonly plaoad in a thorough draught. Tbe inficrior houses 
liN ainall. eliMc, ilirty. and full of smoke. Matt of the ttrevt* ato 
nurrow, nnd dnrkenvd bj iIm' jirojortion of the bnlconies, but a few ar« 
of II Kimil Miillh, siraiiilii. nnd rcituUr; lhal of 8ii» Agustin, ooc of the 
wldvsl, is Itsvuly-foii' liH-l wiOv: llie iarjfer ones hare a good stone or 
briBb frWfMir on each si<|{>, but no c«nlr« paving (that laid down by 
lb* Hiianlards liavinit been worn out by the traffic, and ocfer rqiaired), 
*o thai It La lilli'd allrriiulrly with dust and mud ; a Urgr> proportion of 
iIm uvamMit DOUiUls uf organic rvniatna, piiucipally roadriporc anil 


Thn busiest part of Carlhagena is the Gate of Ximini (Gcthscmane), 
oiieniDK '" '''" ""**' *'"'*'*'*' ^^ which ia an extcnvivc uupared sqture, 
wlmrriii la n I'f^" church, nnd stromii, and buildinK^ beyond it, fonn- 
Ittu llw •ubiirli* of Cbaiubacu und >Lituiiil, the I'onncr of which is sonao- 
Mnioa uuliualihyi owing lu the prcacnic of a large itagnuit pool at ita 


llehiod ttic Po}in, wliici) coniniaDiU a fine view of tlii' cily anil wt 
bnyond it, ia a lake, on tbe bank of wlikti a ycun); medical mnn had 
bougikt Uod, and «a* preparing la sow in it icji-inliind coUuu %et4, 
which he expi-cted would be a good s(>eculaliun. It could, at all evcntv 
hardly turn out a worse one thiiii that of liis profession in this dtjr, 
whor« the nnlirpa pay only a i]uarter dollar, or ihiUing, a Tuit, and 
fbrcignen iml} half a dollar. 

The plMsatit«st ride ift that out of tho San Domii]|;o (northera) 
giit« of CariliagL-nui, to Boca (Iraude, but !t h itpoilt for [wdf^t ii iaiu, 
owing ti> tho custom of throwing out in heaps, near the ^aies and vralli, 
nil the dirt and offal of tbi? city, which (.■orruin the BtmofpTiere for unae 
little diRtaDCC. Tlic- ruud pii«tivft ovi>r a prt^tty grveu iward, on tho neck 
of land thai leparatea the outer tea from the itnivr harbour, shaded bj 
low mango trees, to a line hard beach, iCAtiered nitb broken lre«« and 
rood thrown up from thv sea, uod with low rocks, whereoii crnwl nam* 
berlen cnwliih ; UocaCimndcieabout a tnilL-and n half from the walls: 
and near it ii a urnall ti>hin{i' bamk-t of about twenly-fivft honaes, ii>ha- 
bi',<-d excluBivcly by ncgroi's, Tho pujoymert of thi« evening ride it 
debarred to the tnhabiiaiiin liy thu luilitary n-^ulii lions which enjcrin the 
shutting at cun^et of all ihe gates except those of Ximmi, mbich are 
left open till eight. 

The cliinnU-of CArthagcna, during ibo months of January and April, 
is vcrj' endurable, there beiu^, then, few or no moatjuitocn — thn abieitc* 
of "hich compensate* for alreioRi any other annoyance. In April, %ht 
sun \a shaded at times by the clouds, 'Ahich leather for the approach of 
the rainy nuuun ; but (hi* rather incrc-uea the aitllrini?**, for, though 
tliry n)od«irau- (he heal of the sun, the heavinoeg of the niiuusphvn) 
deudeiis ihc bixt-ze. The summer im the dry season, from Deceiabc-r 
to ,\pril, — the winter, the rainy ony from May to November, in the 
middle of which, from July to October, fnll tho beaviert rains. In 
the summor, north-eail breexet prevjiil, often blowing mast boiater* 
ounly, and cooling the air greatly. In the winter, the wind more 
^nicrnUy blow* from thu iioiiih-wctt and south-caat< In January, the 
laiige of Fahii^iheit's tberniometer is between 79 A»d SZ deg.; in 
April its lowc*l, at dnyligltl, was 79 deg., and its bigbest, at uoon, 
H6 deg. In tho rainy season it ascends cotomonly to 92 deg. To 
Englisii ideas it seems strange that tho warmest seaiuin should b" called 
winter; but the weltewt and hotteot leather is here cooaidered the 
severest. Tlie abovo may be c«u»idcred the general temperature on 
tile eostls of New (iranjtda. which have not, like the interior of the 
country, tho advantage of bfing couled by high elevation and anow- 
coTurcd muuniaina. The only eiiceptioQ in New Granada to Ibis 
obtervalion, is Santa Martha, where a mountain overhangs tho s«a, 
u'ho»e summit sIiouk per|ji'lunl snow. 

Tltu most common diseases in Carihagena and its nei^jhbourbood 
lire intermittent feters, from which the inhabitants suffer greatly in 
the rainy season. The health of the city is always grrater in propoiv 
tioD to the dryness of tho eeasoa. The yellow ft-rer no longer rara{ 
the coast, as t'umiarly ; tim it, pcrlups, to be attributed in 
part, to tho c«ssst)oai »inc« the Itevulution, of all intercourse witb 
M«xioUt where it still rages poriodically ; ifau view ia rcndvrcd the 
mure probablo by Ullua*s vtatenient, that it was unknown tti Car- 
ikaguiia and its aeiglibourbood till Ii2d, bvforv which date, tticre 



privation with rest should be prefernd lo cotnpdonco villi toil, it ' 
y«i bo conrcuod tliot indolence Jn Cartha^na miA it« nt^igbboart 
BtecpKil at) ihey nro to ibe lips in porrrty, ptuBca «ll bounds of reaam 
and duty. Except on fcoiivnU, the Kitpvccno plv»urt> of Uio rnlivetit 
to xil (It tbpir ciooni or lie iii their bauiiaocks, with (be Mmtui] e't^r m 
tlieir moatlu, whicb nnthcr sex can live wttbmit in New (innadst 
at IpjsI BBMng ibu lowor nlasvM ; anion^l lh« frmalt-* of iIm 
liig^licr, iinoking !n not w> airiverul mi it «ru. So iajbpemllb)t^ i* tin 
cu»tom that fteotnes od ^nanl, to nboo it '» rigorourir fiyrbiddoo, ont- 
trive to enjoy it, and dtmve thnr eflnn by ki><^pin{r tho lif^btM md in 
their mouth*. At tb« U«t awi^e of Puerto Cabello, by th« patriot* 'm 
18S3, this praclko cost aomo livrt, for tbv SpoaiaTda uwd at Dighl 
to detMt a grotip of ofHeers inioiiiiif by the light of tbdr ngars, ani 
fire a Toltny iii their direction, wbicli w«s g<Tirriillv "urp to <»rrj death lo 
•oiofl of the parLy. A Cartbagcna finburmnn will catch on the Monday 
three or fiaiiT Inr^ ftsb, koqi one or two for himself, and with tht^ par. { 
cbaiie money of iho rest buy n little tnlt to dress nnd ours bisoND aiih, a 
hitndr«d plantains, aud a few cigai^ ; and having Ihitt provlvionrd biRiwtf 
will b« induced by no runaiditrntioii to do nny more work that w<«k. 

But on the occasion of chui-ch-fediivalB, ordancen, theyRl>nk<' off their 
iiidolencp, which will not yield to the dread and hardly lo thr pressure 
of want. Their tastp for danriiig in a iifuxion, and on nights so hot that 
EuropcflRi find the least exertiuii dieagreeable, (hi'y arc icen dandnr 
moH actively iti the squares, and even in small rooms, and tkii 
they continuo for thrM or four bourn. Thft pitopto of colour arc 
rvniarkahSe for their vivacity, are of very quick tmiper, and iiihorit tbclr 
share of ^Spanish pride, Owin^ to the cxcUcmeDl of the dimite. the 
cboapneM of iiitoiicating liqnora (chii^ba, eiiArapo, tugmr-caivo brandy, 
and anise), and thp remisftnoM of the authorities tii tbu cxeeutioti of the 
laws, great disonii-ra prcv^iil in the littoral provinces, and the lower 
clauw* on the coaat have a larf[«r thar« of the dcmoralieation ari«if^ 
from iDdotonco than in. tho inCcrior. 

Thv dresB of the loner clawes iA, for lh« nieii n cotton shirt and 
trousers, and straw hat, the frat beinn commonly bare in both oese*; 
for the womm a gown of priiiti-d cotton and strnw hat. The better 
ord«rt of women dress with laate, in light frowns nnd mantillas, viih nnt 
tboes and stockings for Ihoir small f(«t, of which they are v«ry proud; 
and the men in light jackets, which, on occations of visiia or c^rvnoRy, 
are eichotiged for coots. 

A theatre was opnncd at Cftrthagran in 1830, by a small companv of 
actor* on their way out of tho country, assialed by n I'crw aniateut^ of 
the eity. It wa» formed of « phvaie bcmsR unoccupied and dilapidated, 
and na* ditpotod in the shape of a long horsMhoo. It had a pit, on 
eai?li »ido of which wn> a g.iUi^ry on tho same level, two tiers of boxes 
avtiilnliU.% the price of admission t» whioli was four reals or two shillingf ; 
thrsc were divided only by rails at the side^ and bat^k, with a pasaan 
behind. There was no roof, which of PDurw ninde ii difficult to hf«r, 
nid the stars shone on tho actors anil aiidieiK-e, au that the perfomianceji 
were limited lo the fine season, and even then were at limes prcvonuid 
by a rainy evetiing. A low &NinUh oom«dy nag tolerably well actedi 
and ga*e great BnmnmonC. Toe perfomwtoe began at half-paat iiiaht, 
and was concluded at midnight. 

Tbe only promenades of llie inhaUtaut are the plain between the citr 



city Biul ncifflibourhood. Al the dewn-t, loasls >r^ gin-n, and tpKclm 
nAdvi in vrliich tbc native*) prnruini^ t>y tlio gveM copiousness and 
pliability of lh« S{ianiih Innj^uajjc. show much tact anil talent. Mack 
vrine was drunk, esiieciAlIv Cliampngnc. tho fnvoniitc Ixivwagc, but the 
gu(st«, though cxciif'd, vloppcd sliort of iutoxicatioD, which i» seldom 
wen amoiqi; the better classes of New Graiinda. 

A diDntr givrn by o, native gmllcmnn in BogolA wui a mach tnore 
elaborate perfurm^ncv ; each of the two courses c«nBittcd of tixij 
(liibea (the ^csls being forty-Hix in number), of nhk-h a Inrgp propuf 
tion might ns well hnv« brcn iniiutioni of fouct, for the tablv waa ten 
feet wide, and they were ranged down the centre, so as to bo totally in- 
ncce^eible, except by mounting on the liihlc Thoio ilistii^ inlcatM to 
btt uKcd WRtn placed along the *idv». Tliia same genileman a(\erwanlt 
KttTe a grand dinner, in honour of th« Pope's internuncio, of which 
ainiutr lie puhtisbed an aecouiit, wlivrcin it wait Htatad that the gtutsla 
were eigliiy in number, and tliv diihea fifteen hundred. The w«ale m 
tuch fi*trs ia nnomiDua, as ihc servants indulge in riot and plunder 
uocoQtroLicd. At a ball nnd dinm-r in Itngdtii, given by xubscriptioa to 
«bout two hundred giirftB, of whom lliiriy only were at the dinner, 
the consumption of wine amounted to bi-twei-n thirty and forty demi- 
johns, lurge wioker-cover«d bottles, containing about aixtecn quai 
hottU* cAcb. 

Tht! decline of Carlliag«na in nrolth, commercial importance, ud 
mercantile population, ia shown by tbc cnonnoui diminution in the rents 
of itii houses, among other symptoms. Sinco the diviiiion of Colombw, 
campletcd in 1SS2, which restricted its trade to tlio siippljr of New 
Omiiudn alone, the bcit houM» in the city bave been reatH frDin 30 
to 40 dollars & month. 

Ib coftclnding the sketch of Cnrtbagena, it may ht wrll to add, that 
it i«, in common with Chngret, a place of banishment for oonvicia, front 
the interior pruvioooo of Nvw Ciranada, itho are Hrnifncrd to jrrtMtiio, 
that is, altcniatc confiaeineDt and forced Ubour, in the works of the 
fortreik. Among theiin i-riniinalH, thi> writer bow iwo men, who liad 
murdered a priest, iji the nei^libuurhoud ai Bogotn. These mm bad 
escaped capital punishmeul, owing lo their victim havin|r> through 
Christian over-«erupnloii«ne««, reftisieil in hie dying momenta to deaig- 
nnto his murderer*, nllhougb he cunfesstd be knew them. Tlirough 
the dcliciency of evidvnce, as to the murder, these undoubted asiaisins 
were only Eenlenced, on other testimony, la iho puulnhnient of prtpuito. 
for the robhirry. A nephew of the nnfortunnle cura, whom th4 writer 
met at Carlhitgena, found on hia arriral there, ihcue two men at Urge, 
as clerks in ACommereisI hiuwe, freqiicnltng the thr-nlre, and living with 
thtdr omtreMes. He had cum]i1ai]|i.-d lo ihe governor of this sbum of 
JLicticc, but said he bad no hope of redress, as anch practices were dm 
uncnmmon, where the culprit* had mennH of bribpry at command. 

On tearing Carlhagens, begin the diillcultie* of thv traveller who 
iotcnds to rinit the interior provinces. Itut this is n subject whiett 
our limits will not permit na to touch upon at prmrnt. 





nv AbrnBD w. oolk. 


VofmUt EAicwtoa.— BInorr uf tlio Capo Htimid.—Iis annual Cvii.^lu |wru- 
III* AdfMtaMln ■■d>ra Pnpublkn.— Jiilin Hull nnil thrltdrn. — A regriiUr 
CapeUtiMl.— <<«■■« ofhiri Itaa di .— A mouiUkin Iti<il^.— A ({nUHlanil rn-ird Pano. 
noM— TIm Vlll^f* at 8«a)efwt.~Cul(tntlon '•rTiilitmo. — Th* ptmt Princle. 

—fib liana TuSmeof nmtnanco. — An uninvited (hint. — Siutkei in tNmili 

Arrin_AKtldau (or thrfr Rtua. 

SoMi of theeotoaiM of Knj;land «n **gomg>«'b(ad'' of th« molhivr 
MtmU^ ia ft matter of giwt imporUnoo — ^popular cduostion. 1"he aysii'm 
punuMi it tlicCnpc for Krttal yean, reflects tlie grcutcst credit on llic 
toUm; ; and )iu been eminently nueeuAiL 

In «Tvry t««ni and vilbgo of the 1«ut importaneo, !> a ([aod and 
nibitanlMl (cl>ool*faouie, open free to all claMtnt and dU aecttt whero 
uutracUftb it (p<Nn in all the esitntiaU of a simple and sound education , 
bjr gmlttman who hava been teli-cttNl a* tundM-r* witit grrst judgmrat. 
Tbfy an priiMipallj craduatci of Ui« Scuicli univenj lies,— and an, witli- 
out exMpuoA, men of eonsid«nble ability and hi^h character, and wliu 
MMn to hare thv int«n*l of their charge thoroucbly at heart. 

Tb» idea of lb« ottabliifament of theae wnoolt, originated with Sir 
John H«rftche!l, when the great astronomer was sojourninj; at Capa 
Town, to Riako hia obaerrmlion* on tKe heavenly bodio* in the Muthem 
bcfDimbm. He was ablj teconded in hii nug^lions by Dr. Innei, 
than w pinripol of tho South African College, anrl, by llicir joint excr- 
ll«ai> tbv pfcaent tyttem wat elaborated. The local govemnietit mMt, 
bauuraUy voted tite lequiiite fundi to support the icfaoulii. Ih-. Inn<« 
paid a Tvit to England, to aelect competent teacher*,'— aiid t» n uliort 
period, a fOod* wund, and tiaefiil education iraa at ilie aerrice of every 
child in Oit ootony, whose parent* choia to arail theniclves of such an 
advantage, froe from erery land of oxpcine. 

I mint itata thai the brood principlce of the Christian religion an 
taught in theae mJmoIb. but with such praitewortliy and careful ai-oid- 
anc« ef all acetaiian doctrincn, tiiat tlic etliildren oS Churdinicn, Uia* 
•Mlwi^ and Roman Catholics, — and even one or two Mahomcluit, — 
■Uaild thdn without the ilighte«t complaint ever having been uttered by 
atty one on religlaut gruuiidn. This it the iimie remarkable, inasmuch aa 
•artariaii difliutnnn run very high at the Cape. 

The tautien have aalaric^ varying from 1 00/. to 300/., bciiidei a hous4>. 
Tha inatnictiion cenSMls of reading, writing, hiitory, Diathcmatico. natural 
(httoMplijt hkI feognphy. Out of the r(.-gular KbMl-boun iIk teachers 
tak* pnftla pupili at a modnal* rate, o^ho wish to lenm Laiiit and 
Gnel, or Preneh. Thus 1 have im> hesitation in declaring ihut the ridng 
gaaetstion at the Cape will b« far Wyond that of England in all the 



HunliftUof a gaod cduca.tion. Perfect ignonmee will be a]ino<t itn- 
known, and unlieardof in ihe colony. And wlint dor* llie reader sup- 
pose is Ltic fliim rcquisito to <ecun: all tliesc ini-Wjinftble iulvajiti^[c« to » 
Tiring Ktatd ? I will tfill liim — 2500'. per annum! or leu t^Mii one- 
foiirlh of thu amaiint of tlio " pcmtions," " j-oM out of the rcv«nu« of Um 
uine colony lo » lel or ])ereoiiii who, tii nine cuhcs out or t«ii, liare m 
claim what«Ter on iu funds or iti {rmtitud«. But where in the vnie 
world ia "jobbery" extinct ? Voritnlly, not in tlie Und oT tlw Hm- J 
tentota. 1 

The advantuj^es of these schools arc nowhere more perceptible than in 
the dintrirt oC Gnuif Rfinct, where thvrc ii a mixed populutiuii of IXiuh 
and RngllKh. Tlie ctiildreii of both ncea are beinK educated together, 
and in another ^'Deration, all tracea of difiierifnco ^vill have been oklit^ 
rated. Thin i* a " connummntion devoutly to be wished)" seeing tbtl 
the Engliiih and Dutch have not, hitherto, ftucd as kindly ae might be 
dnind. John Bull ia as pompous a fellow in South Africa as in England, 
and hit iiitenae appreontion of hii own excelkncc^, induota him Co lodk 
upon the Boers as an inferior order oi' animals to himself. Witb a di« 
allowanee for the want of ceitnin convontioniil advantagu on the part of 
the T)utchnian, Master John is decidedly mistaken, — hut it is iiniilfia to 
tell him so. 

\^'hen I bade fnrewcll tn the town of Gnaf Ueinct, and storied for tho 
neighbouring dintrict of Somereet, I was agreeably surprised to &nd 
myself on a tolerably ^ood road. I have before rvmarked on the rarity 
of stich a tiling in thp Cape Colony. An Engli:di reaidcr can form but 
little idea of a ivully bud road. Let him picturv to himwlf a Wood 
■tiaggliiig pathway, with loose «tone« wittered ail over it, of the size 
ordinarily used for paving the streets of London, intcnpersed oeeationnlly 
with slumps of trees, deep boles, liard rock, and sudden descents ofa foot 
or two at a step ; and furtlier, imaj^ine the said road constantly atcend- 
tng and duacending; mouiitaim at tin angle of 43 degree*, — now and Ihea 
plunging prceipitously into the l>cd of a river, which is Bometimo* a 
torrent, sometimes a swamp, where you are sure to stick fast, ai>d woie- 
times has ftvtA rolling stones jutt below the xurfnctf of Iho water (a* large 
as Sisyphus rolled unceasingly up-hill), over which your horse tumbks, 
and pitches you uneeremi>ni<pusly into a cold hath : let him furtlier con- 
ceive such road clouded with whirlwinds of sand, which penetrate into 
the traveller's cars* eyo«, nose, and mouth ; or cUo so greasy with mud 
that neither man nor beast ean proeivss steadily along it, — and then he 
will have formed a (iunt uoliun of a genuine and ordinary Cnpe roaiL 
The only two exceptions to this sp«cies of highway that I met with, were 
t)iv I'ort Beautiirt Koad. and that aver the Bruges Mountains, finn 
(Jraaf lletnct to Sunicricl. 

It is, of ooiine, ridiculous to expect anything approaching to good 
roads in a colony where labour is so scarce. The solitary good which 
New f><outh Wnlea has derived fn>m being a ncnnl ncttlcment is, that it 
has procured huran admirable set of roiids. Road-making, indeed, is a9 
dull, laborious, and unattractive an employment, that it seems to be 
peculiarly adapted to convict- labour. The gnvornnicnt lately, on sednng 
to make convku acceptable to the Cape colonist*, did not liirgct to point Mi 
the udvaiitagw which would be conferred on the country in thie point; 
but the bait did nut take. 'I'hc colnnixtt were well aware that the worthy 

* Tliv Cape PHutoo List ■■ lo,MO(. • j«iu- g tlis wWb ravenuo only iOfiOtU. 

" ticket -af>lcav« " gentleman would " tnkc to tlie rood ** in more »m»es 
than oa«; and tliey irere not nifliciently alire to t)te ailvanlams cyf Uiat 
intcmting Austnlisn mode of lilv,^'' biuh-nnging,"— lu wish for its 
citaUithmeiit in theii own ceimtn*. 

I knon- ii«thiiig niOTo exhilarating and delightful tban riding along a 
mouiiuin-rii^ witli a m&gnilicent panoram^i ■tiL-Ichtng atvay belovr you 
on both aidei. Sudi vas ray enjoyment ou the Brug«« ho^lita. This 
mMintain chiun ww ToRnoily the boundary of tfao colony under the 
Dutch gOTHTUnent, Iteyond whirh no coloniit wu alloired to trade with 
llie native ttibcB. Siiitu tiiat lime, in tbc eaulier wars with ibe KaGr*, it 
hat been tbc wcqc of many a bloudy conflict between that pcoplu Mid the 
coIoiusUl The KaRni Imd not the slighteit pretensioni, in point of 
juatiec, to penetnite m far to the wctt ; their own fcontier lying some 
viiu buitdrvd iiiilct to tbc East. But they hare always b««u encmcliiiig 
on the land of the Hottentots both before and unce Ha occiqution by 

I bad now whiiin ej'C-rat^ tlie pbinsof Onof Relaet spiiokled «-tth 
■ntelopec; Uie ihaip^ jaffied tops of the Tangcs DeT|[. or Toothed 
Mountain; tho white-capwd Sncwbcrgeo, when I had biwn half-ftomn 
Bome time uncc; Ui« broken Swart Ruggens, or ilack ridget — a daik 
tract of neky eoimtry, with ttralii ditlocated in a manner to puxxle the 
pm(baMlc*t gnologut ; uid the forctt range of the Kaga, with its fcriilc 
slopes, and wctl-wotcied farms: so that my panorama was both varied 
ana beautiful. 

^ic Tillage of Somcnet — I beg it* pardon Ibr thu» tcmiiug u " muni- 
dfality," — is intiginJkant otouj^i and contains only fire hundred inha- 
bitants. It w«B f^meriy a kuid of itorehoute Ibr provisiona for tho troops 
on the frontier, but it is not sufficiently to the cast for tuch purposes 
now. TeiT large quantities of grain, however, are raited in tliis district, 
wfaieh ia tofenbly w<ll watered, and ren fenile. Cattle and sheep also 
abeund, and noinc of tbe fin«*t Socks of the latter in the whole couulr}' 
balaag to &tr. Hart, whose farm ia near SomeraeU It ia also the resi- 
danea of the Pringle family ; Thomas Tringle bbing Ae poot, par eieet- 
leiHtt, of South Afnca. 

Id tliii district, and on the rery spot where the village of Somcnet 
iu>w itiuvd*, tobatco was Sret mined in the colony under the care of a I>r. 
MakriU. Like ubnoflt anything else it grew, and Aourished edniinibly 
OD a QKfn soil, and ii now rimed in coiisidcralile quantities in various 
paitJ of the colony. It is called Boer's tobacco, to dtttinguish it from 
the various species of the imported weed. Here again, however, the 
want of proper eneryj' so constantly obacr\'able ia the colonists, whether 
Datch or &i|glish, is diiplay«d. Every man smokes — and inimeiue 
numbers also chew — tobacco. The Hotteutois of both sexes take hcape 
of snuff, — not. by the way, up their nostrils, but in tboir moutb I — and 
yet tobacco has to bo imported to a eoiuiderable extent into a country 
wbicj) tnieht not only grow eiMugfa for its own wants, but sufficient to 
supply half the world beside. Every one adinils tlic fact ; but tlic 
answer is, "want uf labour," that ctumul complaint of South Africa. 
There is much truth in it ; but there is a conBidrrablc " want of energy " 
also. The colonists do not luftktently bear bi mind tlic good old French 
naiuoi " Aide<toi, le ciel t'udera." 

Tbe colony has produced ocJy about 300,000 pouiKh of tobacco in tho 
yetri it might juat aa woU produce a hundnd^ild more. There is no 

n z 

reason (wto perfaap* tbo " laboui" on*), why ih* oxporta of thU 
tbould not incresM in the wuac ratio, oa Dwt of vool. A very 
spiic« of grouiMl will grow a gnol deol of tofcoMg, as tlio Koder will 
ailmit when ho hcan thiit the beA autboriticB BtBt«, tb&t " a tyuart yW 
qT* A«y, if iDule with care, will grow uul nipport £0.000 plants of 

But loliitctM has put pMiry out of tny hctnl. Let ui ralum to Mf> 
rringU-. Ttu* gtrntkiimn, whose pocti^' hiu made knonn to the paxni 
reader, many a sw««t u«ncof Sotith Africa, came out in 1820 as ibe 
head of a party of *«ttl«re. He p)tdi«d k!* t«nl in Oleii Lynden, oni 
in 183* (or fourteen y«or« later), he wrote the following intertatins 
sketch of his littl* band : — 

'' A lew wnrd* in confluston, about our scttlcinont of Glen LyndetL 
Under the bleuing of Providence, its prosperity bas been steadily pro- 
gNuive. The friends whom i left th«r*, thouRh th^y ha\e not escaped 
some oecaaiuiml trinU mid diuppotntmcnts, luch as all rocn ore exposM 
to in this uncdiaJn world, have yet enjayed a Koodly stare of health* com- 
pelence, and peace. As regards tht^ first of those blcMingt. one iact may 
sufficv. Out of twcnty-thre« loult whoaeconipaaied mo to Olen Lynden 
fourteen yean ago, there had not, up to the 24th of Januaiv lact, oc- 
curred (so far as I know) a sinj;lo death except one. nainafy, that of 
Hr. Putcr Rentiir, who wna unfoitunntvly killed by the hurtung of ■ 
gun in IbZS. My fatJier, at the pnlnarclial age of eighty years, rnjoy* 
the mild sunset of life in the tuidst of liia children and srsnd-children; 
the Inttrr, of whom thcro is a largo and rapidly tncreiutng numheTi 
having been, with a few exceptions, all bom in tfoulb Atrica. Tlie 
parly have more than dcublt^ tlieir numbers by Hrtlia alone, during the 
Itut twi-lvc yean. Suvsnl additional IsiniliM of rrlalives, aiKl old 
ucquaiiHoTicet, havo also lately joined tliern. 

"Without any pratcuions to wealtli, and with very Itttlo money 
mnong llum, the Glen Lynden settlers (vrilh ionic few exceptiona) may 
be Miid to bo in n thriving and, on the whole, very enTiaolc condition. 
They havo abundance of all that lifc requires for competence and fi»f 
coiiiiott ; and llicy Iinvc few cauHcs of anxiety about the futui«. S«nM 
of tliuiUi who have now acquired considerable flocks of mcriDO sheep* 
have even a fair prospect of attaining hy degrees to moderate wtallb. 
They hata excellent nicimft of education lor their diildren ; tht-y have a 
well selected subiciiptton library, of about four hundred books; and 
what is still more important, they have now the public ordinances of 
rvlieion duly and purely niDintomcd amongst them." 

Anil now, good reader, wliat think yoti of the poll's home? It it 
not a realization of all tlio Arcadian simplicity whidi you hnd hi ' 
rsgscdod as a mere dream 1 

But really I find myself quite on clauic ground in this tame dti 
of 8ofBen«l. To ibe uuttuurd of the tillage, at the banks of the QrMit 
Fish niver, lUi Zckoo Kiaal ; and here the romantic traveller, Le VniU 
lant. tlirlcii with hit lovely heroine, the exquinte Nartnu. Can you con* 
ooiTe anything more putvly puuticul than the giUlant Fiencbman courting 
the lovely nympli in Sn-cow Kraal i Honevor, the nama is here truly 
of no coBSoqueon), eip(«iolly at 1 novar b«Mrd of a hippopolamui being 
teen in the Strict during tbo last fiwty yean ; and therefore Lc Vail- 
laot's flirtations may liavu been quite fm Irom tlte cliancc of an inter- 
iption by one of thfU< rivvr-ltogs. 

IS n 



tjinptnniBof Kafir Dliiurlonoo.— A W'Drnliic.— Solitary Ritir on tlio FraftUer. — 
An Atiwli, uid a niirreiv Kata))^. — Thruwiiif- iilT ttiD Maak.— Deeds o( Videnw. 

IlKoleni Al«>u^;v or n KuAr Cliirr.— Ahtui^iiy iif n iliiunl 6mi of (ioi-erntnent. 
— 'KiuIOrI*;*.— OkKimy AiiMWlurAITBin, — KnfirrropanlinnK. — AOnrrmof cn- 

lfm]i|ted. — R>Uin|[VolHn(MrTraoi>t.— IIu|ip« nntl Pvui.— 8«niimi.-ni& ■■f iliOWetit 

Partita. — Valiant " liriAnt." — Pr<ip«r Liuiin nf Burghar Farroii. — Sliin^rN(<n- 

tation oT tlic CAkIs of th« lit* \Wt on th« CotonUtt. 

UaiHO tlie priTilege, wliich 1 have long ngo claimed in thi* -n-orV, of 
making atridtn al vri)) ov«r timo and ipace, I inu^t now Wg tlie r«ad«r to 
imBKine me approacliinc tinli&m't Town, by & north-eiwlctly route, lUone 
on honebnck. It is in the ytat ISIG. The KutiM hu'vi; bccuinc very 
tn>ublef(imC| and Ibcir iaJly iJepredAtionB arp more dsring and more cxten- 
■tvp, nndonener accompanied by Tiulencc. More than ont^unlitdcyfiniicr, 
too eager to riTCovrr hit dokn <;iittl0, litu fuDeii a victim to tlie aiaiiMiii ; 
tnBny a traveller hos l)cen wnvlaid mid plunden.-d : iniolmec Iweihb to 
mark tbe liearing at the chieft towardi Dritish emiuariea ; and all gives 
wnTtiing of an impending war. 

It it raUicr foolluiTily to Tenture out alone cloeo to tlie Kafir b^triler: 
bat biuineis pretwi, and my aftcrridcr is left sick behind inc. I am 
riding along a level ridge of land, but gradually Bpproni:hing n " poort," 
CT pOM betvrc«n two mountain), which is dark and gloomy looking, I 
giaiue tiUDkiouily at «Tcry ligurc that app^rs on tt^ horizon, and my 
right hanu instinctively srclcs one of the imall pialpls 1 carry in my 
shooting-coat pockcti. They are tiny afTair*, and it is imprudent to 
carry them ; for after all, one ii lafer unarmed than armed at these times, 
lost likoly to be treated with violence by the bluck robbm. 

A. sturdy locking fellow on liorsoback is approaching mt, it is a Dutch 

"Good day: where are you going?" he atikt. 
" To Oraham'a Town," I reply. 

" To Graham's Town 1 throogli the poort 1 you are mad ; it is full of 

"So they tay alway*." 

" Nay. nuy ; but oM SomOTSCl has sent patrols to scour it, all day." 
*■ Then it niu«t be clean fcy tint time," 

" Not a bit of it ; thoto black villnina have only to be <iu]et, and who 
can find them f " 

" Ouite true.— but I tnuit go on to Graham's Town." 
" Wdi, good day, then ; but you will be killed." And the worthy 
Outdiman made a gesture to intiuale that ha washed his hands of mj 

Now, althougti I had affected the utmost nwetaiance in conToraaUon 
with Mytibfwr, [ confess that I did not exactly (m\ it. A mors dan- 
gerous-looking plnM than thia itViuniinubIc " poort " before me, I had 
never seen. I knew it well, and had pasciod it before in {nping times of 
peace, and I had thougtit how comfortably and convenicntlv it wouM 
hold a R:w thou.'aiiJ Kafir*, unseen by an enemy, whom they couM 
"pefiper"io the narrow dclilc to their hvatt't content. Th>.* road, too, 
wu aU broken, and scattered with huge stones, so that ^Hoping for tba 
greater part of the distance was impossible. Moreover it wound up Mil 
u I was then going. 




tng in Kngbnd : bul ddcidedly l\\e most exciting feat of liorMmanabip I 
ever parfqtnnod, wat jumpmi; over tho prostnt« Kaiir, and galloping ilong 
u bn-alcneck ri»d to anve my skin. 

Shortly aAor this little ftdventuro of mine, all diiguiw teemed to te 
thrown luido hy the Kafirt, nnd thcv plainly declared tlieir utt«r «on- 
lempt for the Enj;liah OoTemmont. 

A Etiir had b«en taken prieoner while lit the act of slealins catllt ; 
aiid, ahortly ul\vr bii capture, lie was diB|<alchod to Omham's Town fer 
tjial, haiilcutfcd to a Hottentot culpiit. and under llic «cort of a ^vy 
■mall guard. On t)i« nod, a large body <•( Kafin rushed out, HTtnd 
llie aim of th« Hottetitot at a Uow, and inad« off again into the buA 
witli tbcir own coimtrymani the Moltcnlul't iitn|iutaleil arm dangUnff t* 
hit writt, before the guard eotild recover from the panic into whin) uMjr 
had been thrown. 

The nuwi of this daring act uf violtnce filled all who heard it with 
indignation. The Lieulenarit-Govenior of the Ewtem proviuM unt te 
the chief into whoK territory the ofltinden were tiadced. to demand 
that they should be delivered up to jiuticei. The n»ply of the chief ma 
to the efft'Ct, tliat the gtt'KTnot hod belter eome and fetch them, if he 
dared. Nobody now doubted that war vaa iDovitoMo ; liut the ab* 
■urdily of a gorcnxM- lix hundn»l miles from tin natural »e&t of govern* 
ment, at once became apparent The Lieutenant. Ovvemor did not ren- 
ture to take tlie rvfpontibility of an immcdtate oHennTC morcmont on 
his own ehoulilt^rx, but diepatebed letters to Oape Town to obtato tha 
Govemoys aitttiority and tnatnictions in the matter, thus loung at leatt 
twelve days oro furlnight. 

Had the Oorenior and the forces t>e<-n in Gmham'K Town, ur liad a 
re^iOTMiMe and enerit^tie man been U^utenanl-Govemi>r, our troops 
miglit have niarclicd wlilitn twelve hour* on lotto's* krrwl, and mada 
the chief himself prisoner, ere he had time to escape, or tu call other 
diets to his ntietanco. Such a a>uj>-<te-maiti, if followed by the whole- 
Mine esaraple ef hanging rooatCT Pato aJ> a " partiecp* criminia," in 
tfao aflToir «f the murder, would have struck such terror into the heart 
of all Kofirland, tlial I verily bi^lieve no war would have fbllowed. 

What VTBS done 1 A fortnight was wasted ; durine which time, the 
Kufint woll knowing that war vtzt now inevitable, had time to ami and 
prepeie for the contest, to Daaemble and interehaiLee pramisei of mutual 
support, and to cancr>ct that struggle which coM llie colony some of lior 
best blood, and Kngland nearly two milliuiis of treasure. 

What has been the caw, even in the war which u now rasinKf Sir 
Ilan-)- Smith pnyii n viiit to the fronlief, holds a meeting of Knlir chieRi, 
talks " bi(;," (I can fancy my old frietid Macomo laughing in hts sleeve), 
and then goei ttaek to Capu Towu will) the impression that it is " all 
right." No •ooiw.'c is be gone, titan all KaluUnd is in a fermcnL He 
jumps on board a steamer, and nvhes headhmg bock into the Kafir countiy 
—and tbeu— liadB it rathci difRculi to got out again. 

]>oe« any oiia belMve it possihle that all tim cmild have happened, had 
Sir Ilnrry's seal of gOTemment I>ccn Graham'a Town? had he bc«n 
always witli a few miles of the Kafir frontier, watching the rascals nilli 
his own eyes, and ready to pounce down on them at a moment's notice, 
iwt««d of Haying at soldiers on the Cape Town parade ground, and vrail- 
iqg K>r all hii iiifonoation concorning tliese cunning and restless.' people 
■ t Uitnk iliii wM the diief. 




to carry on sn ofTvniiro warfare fn Ksfirlnnd. It iihould be tiomo it^ 
m'lnd tliftt there are no idl« men in a colony luch as the Cape of OmJ 
Hope ; overy man Hvm by the •wc«t of hi« 'Ijtow, iitiiI can ill ftffbrd • 
day'* alwencc from liia ordinnry piiranitx. No good govemmeiit wodd 
ever depend upon sucli mta to carry on a war. thauf;h they might aafely 
reckon on thvtn ax ■ iriilitin to prot<«t tlieir own towns oiid hoinMtcwk. 

Vie often rend, during tlie late Kafir war, and since its termination, of 
t]io largo lunu poc)c«tcd by thu coloni«u from goventtnent coutmcta: aal 
it tias eveii been intimated that itiey like tli«9« wars, and look upon tboo 
u a source of profit. I can only ay, that I know of rcry matiy rmb 
who wero entirely riitned by the laxt war ; 1 know that aU tho frontitr 
fanners Buffered the Everest 1om«8; I know that many were slain; aod 
1 lutow enn otw of the princi^ial govvnimi'Dt contractor! who waa nearly 
in the gas«tt« at llie «nd of the war. thoui;h lie woi in proaperity at ib 
coinmenc«iiient. If, therefore, th9 coloniittfl like nil this, their tastes ai* 
decidedly rcnmrkalilv ; and they sbotild certainly l)c noted for ever in tlw 
pG^ of liiitory as an (>xtraordinarj- r«c« of men, who became ntlach«d t4 
lo*i of property and Ion of life, aa eels are said to like Iwing skinnM^ 
" from being used to it." 


BKoilement In Porl ElIiahMh. — Kivsl Troniiii. — Infnntrv ind CanlrT. — Dril 

nrilement in I'orl KliiaiiMh. — iutsi rroniiii. — infnntrv inci uanirv. — i)nHM|t 
— 8»(ety ut ibe Town.— i'orilBoiiioii». — Rptrcni for \V<itnpri nn<l CliiMrcn.— 
"■ 'tpuf OoTctnnifini, — PnUiliinKup aliollow Pcice. — Tli^rAutbor'sOpiaiomjof 

r<ilif J' towanU tlit Knfin, Ar,— Siirl' hi Mgoa Bay, — Vidlcnc xale). — Ftmr- 




-Loisuf late. — Waiii nl aAoaimg Ureakwalcr. 

Thb little town of Port Elirabeth, though nearly one hundred and 
fifly milei removed from tlu- border vihciv tlic wotr *ecnied about to taigc, 
was full of activity in preparing for t!ie struggle. Out of in Ibr^o thou- 
taiid inhabitants, men, women and chiidn?it, \thite, black, and lawny, 
three or tViur troops of volunteers (Eiiglinh and Dutch) were iipi:*dily 
miscrl. tiome were on foot nnct toinc were mounted ; all were armed 
with good double-barrelled gum ; and now and then a stray cutia* (like 
the venerable "property" swords of a minor theatre) adorned the thigfa 
ofaonic tupiring hero, anxioui to decapitate rcttlos KaHrt. 

Captaina were chosen by the respective troops by ballot or by accla- 
mation ; and the captaini in turn selected their lieutenant, lerjesnt, and 
corporal. £</mW«-ew}W became ■Ironnly developed; "Ourr!" wu 
h>eard from the lips of many a valorous dealer in loap, as often as from 
IhoDc of tho la>t joined ensign af a heavy mnrcbing rrginKint. Tlie 
caralry corps (!) felt vastly superior to the infantry ditto ; nvliiJe the 
latter cnngiatulaU-d tlietnselves on being able to keep their " footing" on 
duty, which was more than the lbrtn«r could botut of regarding thur 
•eats. How was it to he expected that Mr. Chopkins, who had nerer 
been acrou a horse in his life till be came to Kiiutli Afri<u, and sinn 
that «rent had only ambled about on a " trip|iler " wamtuted not ta abyi 
stiould " ttick on," when the said " tripplci," exasperated and alumod 
at the explosion of a gun between hia ears, elevated bit heels, roiindsd 
his back and matlc ihe saddle whera Mr. Chopkint sliould have been, 
an inclined plane of ttxty or tevcnty degree)? Chopkius did hii beat, 
and bore hit tumbles like a man ; and what could valour ask more J 

Seriously, bowcTer, I very much doubt whether the nnountcd gen-j 


pn>nii(iM, urtd cnlnAtie* wetti luviahed bj our weak government, and iW 
vrilv Kafirs pretended to meet them lialf na; with alacrity. Tlicjr mtt, 
in tnitli, {>nly gaining timt, waiting to concentrate tli«ir feneea and pro- 
viin for all chnnceH ; and yet, with tlir vUu act of oggicwdiOR I hart 
nienlioncd itilj unarenccd: to say nothing of tha tbotmnd acU uf 
Mbberf before, and «tilT porfctntt^^, the governor began to talk almit 
** pea«e," " allaying public exciteD^onl," and a daun audi phraaca ; tiU 
paiitivcly tlic burglicr force* were told tliat their lervicM would not la 
required, and that lhi>ri> wai ev^ry Ti>a«i''ii tn believe tlutt cveryllMf 
would soon be upon the fomiBr footing. I believe llat not one roan « 
■ense throu^t^out the cvlony placed laith in these hollow annountt- 
ri)«nta. I urn confidunt that no man who had tho Icaat expcriance of 
tlie KaUr character doubted tlmi war, de«d}y, fiereo, blood; and «o«d)r 
war, wag in store for the Cape frontier. 

No matter ; tho gowmor and hit wise offieialfl had deoded thnt lhn» 
was to bo nothing of the kind, and " I'caco" thcrefbro became the wocd 
Diutturod by tlie colDnint ■• lie laid aiide liis armi, half frurin|r to i«lia- 
(IiiImU thtrm. " Pence]" became tho cry yelled forth «xuUiiigly by the 
Kafir ns hu iiliar(iened hta assagai in hi« but, and prepared for " war." 

And now my "personal expcricnct-a" are drawing to a cloae, fi>rit 
wa» shortly af^r thii time that I quitted the colony. ] watched IIh 
aubaequent events with deep interest, botli on aecuunl of the many 4Mr 
friendi I Ivfl b<--hind me, and bncauM I loved the colony itacif, and Alt 
that so line a land ought not to be for «vcr exposed to the plunder aaJ 
violence of n nnlion of irrvclaimablo barlurians, the most dtthoneit, fiuth- 
leas, bloodtliinty race in the land of Ham. 

The hiNton- of the last Katit war has, however, bocn written by abler 

pens than mine, and by personal acton in all its bci.>:ivi^ To them J 

refer the r&adiT who may wikh to trace tho events Bubsequeiitly to the 

lime when I quitted Uio colony. It has not bocn my object to do more 

in ikvtclitng the commuii cement of the war than to show that it WM not 

provoked by the coloniatt themwlvet, at has more than once bMO 

asserted hy the ill-informed, though selT-fatisfied, portion of tfae BadUfi 

prcu. My opinionii tno, fr«cly cxprotfcd on the subject of our nlatjoiii 

with the hafire, our policy towards them, and tUo defects and blunders 

of llio whole lyrtein may not havt- much weight with " the powers tliat 

be ;" atill, I believe thctn to be based cm a tiu« opprodation of the Kahr 

«haraet«r and the wonts of tha colony, and 1 know them to be aa 

^ lionestJy and uncerely felt, ut they are unhesitatingly recorded. On one 

■ ttiiDt I zm very poaitlre, tho absolute necessity of lising tho seat of 

■jwvamnwnt of the colony in Grahama Town, or of eroding tho Eastern 

^Hfoviiioe into a eeparate and distinct colony, with an tindependsnt 

^OTemor. The former would be the belter and more feasible plan. 

Ucibri) I dow titis chapter 1 will give tlie reed«r a sketch of one R-arfiil 
K«no-^ not the only one of tho. same kind — that I witnessed in Algon 
Itar duiing my residoncc in Port Etizubcth. 

There is at all limes a grmt rolling surf in Algoa Bay; but when tho 
wind blows violently &om the south-eatt it is tremendous. Tho bay is 
eomplvtely open to this point, and it sccins as if the whole lodisn 
Oe«ian wore being driven into it by the gate. 

At thcso timet the greatest anxiety is (elt lor tlis slu|ipfat at antlior 
[lit tho town, and the pmbebility of their being able to riae out tJie 
rtonn. I'ojMuasts are sUuck, and every species of aibht let go. Tlie 


At length • tmoll howttxer wai brought dotru to ths b«fich, chaipd 
irith powder, and, with a piece of iron with a rape inade fut to it ul 
coiled up, tliv other ciid of the rope hcma atlaebti to ■ poet on ibm 
The howitzer was pointed at the ntniit of oiio of ths shifM aiid find. 
l^iuToh ! — the rope lay over the vessel, and in a few minutes more the 
CKW wen; coming one by otic, hund-orvr-hond, «lon^ it, and reached the 
ihon in safety. The sanie plan was puriued with K^d to the M&er 
-vdimU ; and all were thiu «av«d except three or four, who, in madmiil. 
bad ipruiig into t!i<: suif and perialted instantly. 

FourtecB lives, however, were lost, and four fine vetseb dashed ts 
piecec in thit fearful south>eiut«r. The sum rc<iulred for • Boala| 
brc«lfivatcr in Ali^a Buy wokdd be large, no douht, but small in coropi- 
rison to the amount of eril coDstanlty done to the shipping, and At 
number of lives so dIUm sacriiicMl tor \vBnt of it. But, in tnilL, 
"publio work*" of almost every detcription have been sadly oe^ectcdin 
this eolony, which has never eDJoyud the advantage of being a "pet' 



Tlia I>*wntlkl> tit aColnolal Oovarnor. — EfTi-cU uT thvprwnt S^sicid vt 

oao. — Ffwlfngi of the Colotiiil* citi dip ^iibjocl fainjiuif^n, — AilmuiletTMisn cf 

Lsw. — Iiitor[>rcien. — Civil dNiiiiiig9iuii<.n. — Maj^nnwa. — I^iuiiluMuUs.— • 
Rvlty af great Crinin.— Ju»lifii;Ation of llio ColunitU lu nvMiig Ui« Imimn*- 
lioii nf Cunrifu.— ^famurLBlmurofrTiTy Dm-riptian..— Iniuoca. — OI>iscdpM 
10 KntKrallon t» tlivCaiw iimivan>d.^<.'ii|MljllU!ei of llie Country t« MippoR * 

lam PopuUtLi>(i.~Uniii|tpri)]iiimril Innil in mid boyoad iho Coloay. ru«w^ 

to UK Cape, Uid IZoDduiion. 

What ar«i the ^'Mcntlali of a eoloniaJ governor? 

That he ahould liave fuught at Waii-rloo, be a inajor-geiicral, know 
nothing of the colony he is sent to, and he loa old to learn anything. 

SKould the reader he ditquicd to doubt that all, or aay oflhctc quali- 
fications arc necsBBary, I can ainipty reply, that they are apparviitly 
ctNUidered sa by the En^jlUh govcmment in general, and the minister fur 
the colonics in particular, in electing generali to lead our aiTnte* in 
the fisldi we ai« not in tho habit of turning to the list of dtcaycd stalea- 
mcn to fill the place ; wo are too diiposfd to think that men trained to 
ann* and diRtinguiHhi.-d in many a haid-foug;lit buttle, will be found 
nthv more competent. On the contrary, in chooung the representative 
of tfae highest dvU autliority in the state to prende over the councib of 
one of our colonies; to excrcivc the fuiicUons which arc peculiarly within 
the piOYinee of stateutumship, wo pa»a by all whose lifu luis been spent 
in eonducting the butinea of the state, all who have been trained to the 
senate, all who lutvu been accostomed to delibvnilo on civil mattore, and 
wo solwt some old n^ililitry martinet, who hns fought like a tigei in lus 
day, who hardly knows tlie geography of the colony he is to govern, is 
porfcctly ignorant of the halnts and rctjuirenienta of its people, nnd is as 
little likely to conciliate tho regard, as ho is to cotntaand tlie nupoct, of 
tha unluppy land tehich is to pay him five thousand pounds a ^reor to 
inisnianaffe it. If th« force of abcurdity can ge much farther than thii^ I 
ain at a loas to conceive what are its lioiits. 

The only good nppointmont of a governor of tha Ctpe Colony mode 
during the Ust thirty year* was tliat of Sir Uenry Potliugut. In saying 
this ram not diipiiaging Uie bra?e soldicn who have from time to time 




Citciilt CMirt, but not in the Supremu Cwirt, tlie privilejce of Bddi«»in|t 
thfl luttor boing rMenr»l lo the tmi. Sworn interpretera attend each 
Clmiit Court to tntnalato Oic Bnglidi qucNlioiu into Diilch for titc 
Putob nod colound witncBses, and their nrpliei Bgun into Lnglisb, all 
proeeedingt being «indueted in tlio latt«r tongue. 

Th«M inl«rpr«ter« generally p«domi tlioir duty with mucb Itdelitjj 
nnd ability, but the style of their lon^uoKo >> occasionally icry wnucin 
In a caM wh«f« n Hotittiit«t woman hod boon found guilty of tbe mt 
of her hu&bandt the chief justice in the course of an impreseiTe oiddreul 
the culprit fud, " Womui I wbero it thy hutbaitd I Alas ! ho is * Dca^ 
to that •bourne from whenca no travallor relumt." The worthy inl«f- 
pnt4r, in a tharp abrupt tone uid literally (in Duich), " \\ ontan I 
trluK'i your man t He 'a gone ocron Uii- boundary, and Ite won't 
come 1)ack ag;ain [ " Whereat tho woman looked rather [Hiizled. 

P!ach "ditlrict" of the colony, answering in some measure to "eountv" 
in England, is prc^ded over by a civil (onii)ii«fiuncr, who i* the dm 
magiitnt^, eolleotor of the KT«niie. nnd reprciicntative of wxrcnuMBl 
within bis own diviiioii. Th«ir salaries vary from thrso hundned to 
five hundred paunda a year, with a house, and certain allowancta. 

In addition to tlioso tliere are resident mo^stratea appointed to ni< 
towns of sufficient iniporlanoe, not luing tlic reKidcDcci of civil conunis 
aonorsi Thi.'ac eaiue niaeistratcs are not Ter>' hni'd-workcd, their ]>rinct> 
joal occupftlioii being (he ornlencing of drunken Hottentots to various pain 
and jictiultiei. Tliu sentences generally include; a little wholesomo i 
rcctioi] in the way of a fuw taahesu The coloured proplo. {MweTcr. ars] 
not easily nlnrtned at tiich thinfrs^their skins do not apptot to bo I 
so kcnvitivu as their stomachs. The simple words "ricc-watcr" produ 
tar more conttematlon than " three dozen lashes." This rice-water 
givan lo certtun voiy refmctory criminals while in prison : it it IouimI t« 
be Just sufficient to support life from day to day without satisfying; the 
ottTings of httOger; and ns the llotteiitol* generally dispoae of two 
pouoda of meal pef </uin, with a pn^ortionate quantity of bread, it may 
easily bo imeginod how they shudder at tlie idea of four or fivo days' 
rice- water. 

Criminola t«ntenoed lo any lengthened imprisonnuinl ar« tilhcr nnt lo 
Bobb«n Jshuid in th« mouth of Table Day, or worked in gangs on the 
raada and public works. It is a great credit lo the colony that this claia 
of otTenders are few. Indeed, grtat crimes arv rare at the Cape. During 
the five y«ara I apcnt there, I believe there were not more than Uibm 
executions for murder. Houtcbreaking is almost itnlniown, and lobbei; 
for tlii> moat part is coniined to petty thdis. I tvlt safe at all times in 
leaving a few sovcr«igni or a handful of Htlvcr lying &bout in my bed- 
room ; but n heati of coppers had attnictiuiiH llial iwn uccauoiialty irre* 
sisliblo, and a halfpenny or two were likely to be abstractud to purchase 
a littlo snu^, or a tott/mt o( " Chfu smoke." 

Under such circumstance* it was most natural that the coIoiijnIs should^ 
nsist lo tlie utmost the attempt to make their counlrj- d pi-iiiil nettle 
manb Tlie miKliicf and dcnioraliication which tvould be caused nincrg the 
eolouied classes, by the impurtation of hardened and expt-riciii^iti crimi- 
nals, are b«yond all power of oxoggeiation. It would be dilTicult to point 
out a land on the face of the globe likely to suffer m sevi:Tcly from such 
a iwuse as the Cape. Tlie plea that they were to be ticket-of-lvavo inen'^ 
makes the ease so inudi the worse. Wore they worked in chiuiif, anJ 


•n unCur pontNO, and a cct of i<llc GbUofra, by woridnK onl]r noiv an>I 
Uicii , tnnk«d«cent li voliliooda — nnd bacehanalion glazien, ericlwting taiUin, 
and horseracing watcbmalccre mn prosperous men. 

Tvco oljccLiQtis (uc niUcd to tiniKralioD to Soutli Africa. Tbc oncii 
the diitUTbod Mate or in frontier — the other itA inaMlitj to miuntiin « 
Ifti^ population. I grant t}iat tlio Rm U u valid olijcctioa to uow 
ext«Dt ; but it will b« a •Jlogracc to Great Brltntii if it ia allowed tu nauii. 
Tho Kalir queslion mutt he settled; but. truly, tomt more enernttir 
iiMMiBUFci niiglit have cnianitti^d fiom the comUticd wiaduin of the Houm 
of Common* than the sppointrucut of a coMple of coniniuioncn to go 1« 
tlM Cnpr, And " in<iuin) into our reluliutm vrith thr iialive Iribee.' Tp 
inquire why it in that when w« iiiukc abaurd treatica willi gavagi^s. t^ 
■n bnkon u often n$ «uita the conTcoicncc of thu latter I why, wb« 
ve trutt tiii«T«a and liars. »<.■ nrv robbvd and deceived I The guronv 
■n«nt should have cmniKnl the absurdity, Ly inHating that each membei 
oftlw connniwiw should be, vhai Sydney Smith tcrn:«d " tliat fiiTounie 
Whu animal — a barrislor of fivo yi^ani' titaiidinfi.'' 

IN^iUt n^^l tn the Kcco'iid objcciton — the inability of Soutli Africa to 
support an exten«vc population — 1 luaintaiii that it is an emneoui one. 
•fhore ore about fivi> milhous of acres of novemnient land in the colony 
unappropriated, mid n very large |iropartion of them cultirablc to any 
cxtvni. TliMO. >vith tlie thirty tiiillioiis of acr«B in the pomeasion of the 
Kctllera, n-ould support a popuJutiot] at least fifty times as large as that 
which now occupies then). 

Hut it in not within the litnitt of the coloniiil botindory alone that «ni- 
smtion and settlement should be contined. Beyond the Orunxo Rtvor an 
fcoundloas plains of aome of the most fertile land in the world, well ivat«r«L 
■nd superior in every reanect to that within the colony. Iinineiiaa tracts 
of it DTv utterly unpopuliited. beinu (NmaiderMl by the l)ord«riiig natives 
OS too Fuld fi,>r theiii- — yet a Iwaiitiful climate, n* I can pcrxonolly trtiity. 
Within one upBco of onu hiindrtd a(|uiire mili-s, which 1 could point out 
ou (ho tiinp, ilitre ar« hut three or four " knial):." Yd the land is 
unusually li.-Tlili', iiitenecli-d by tivcn, :uid here and UitM* intervpencd 
with nuUe furcst*. Why should not such irai:la be rolonizod? They 
cuuld bu purvhased fmnt thu nutivo chiefs (if. indeed, thete are any l« 
claim tlicni) for a in«re song: and if it be objt^cti^d that tltey are so d!» 
tuiitly removed from tho teo-cosst. I answi-i, that they are much neaier 
to it than many, if not inMt, of the buck •cttlcmcnl* of Auatmlia. 

I would much lalhcr eniigrate t« tliu fertile plains beyond the Orange 
RlTcrt Uiaii to any Canterbury lelllement, pulTcd and ponded by aasod- 
atioDS and higb-sounding names. 

Nearly five yean atla I lint iwt foot, a cast-away, in South Afrkn, I 
stood watchinit the little briji at iinchur, that was to carry mo away from 
thoao luMpitabi« shores. I will not deny that n certain " hoinn-iickncsi " 
had taken poaeeatioii of my li«art — that I Inn^-d to revisit the land of 
my birth. The nmer- jiatrio: that had failed to make its voice heurd 
wn«n 1 was quitting Rrijilund for yeai*— or perchance, lu it Beemed, for 
ercr^now spoke in icduclive accenta, leading my thougbts to the scenai 
of early associations. I su|>poae it ia always thus : and no one can ever 
fergvt h>B country foe wtz. 




Ax«Tsix jwar b goae ^id led; 
AaatkB- pag« mnei down aad raid, 


Aad to tfe aett, wkk Iwpe nd dna^ 

Rope, no- ndor in the nind ; 

Wr inm eack nar wfll prore man kiod 

Th» tkM gone put : 
F«« paoK^ npoH the patk b^iitd 

Ooe glMtfT to cas^ 

CooU we ncaU those bi^nne diT^ 
How muiT a dee<^ how tain; a phrase, 

n> sooM ntiact ; 
Aad ftxm oar list of bolts erase 

Each carelea ad : 

Bat ah ! those Icssoos dearly boaght, 
Br ki^aadsad experknee taught, 

AraMMB forgot: 
Bt never snoes, fnah pleasures caught, 

We heed them not. 

And like the Prince in Eastern tale. 
Seeking to gain the enchanted rale, 

Who, on his track, 
Vaialr beard threatening cry and vail, 

Wamiii^ him back. 

So, while vithin our hearts arise 
Thoughts of the past, sad memories, 

To bid us stajr ; 
We follow, deaf to waning cries. 

Our reckless waj. 

Oh 1 rather to the last year turn. 
And practise, from its lessons stem 

To change our Uie : 
To staf our footsteps we may learn 

Ere jet too late. 

The old fear's hults resolved to shnn ; 
With eager hearts prepared to run 

Our new career j 
We welcome in the year begun — 

All hail, New Year I 

M. A. B. 

" Didn't vre contiidpr it s mortal wonder we wosn'l drown'd I ' 
Wo hfisltnpd to rt'plv, an wcr« on a p»vc(ciitrini» lour,— i 
guided by tliv light from tb? vindoir, wc bad mmiaged to nroid ibl^ 
ciLtaMrophe alEudeil to, nnd lliat moreover, our railing nature had bfOi 
niraciilAiicly sopporled for llie Wl mile or no, hy k most HJilainiay 
«i»Mill of cooked ojnter*. 

" Ah \ " replied the bout, " we 've juu had a #i«w,— «r>d iJivn fal« (u« 
arrttnfti>d iu^^ir nithout an^ difficulty, into a «arin, brown tioted smilt, 
u h? itnineiliatt^tv aildi-il, " TIh-tc 'b t score or two I«ft." 

^" Of ojrslcrs ? " we demanded. 
"Of Of uler*," roptii'd Donifncf, lookinp: inquisitirelyt as much w to 
y shall 1 iutroduw you to tlie "iiaiiven.'' 

h win I 

98 y 

We nodded, and at once he commenced an attack upon tbetn, trilh^ 
tbnt prciilinr ndroitness of wri«t, nnd iiiicyi^ii knowing jerk of Iha vtf 
thnt provlaiins lh« potcut bond of a iiiu«lcr. 

It nai erideut that our preience had acted as a damper upon lb> 
heat of the ar{9;mni-nt. that hnd rnjrcd no fi)riou*1y previous to our 
entrance. But it win plninly io be seen, by the outward aod visible 
workinita of the coiintenaiii'A of our liott, ihat the subject «u still 
disturbing hit inner man. After a pause of a roinulo or *o, only ocea- 
*ioiia11y relieved hy that prculiar Kjuridi which proclshns the dicMh of 
a " native," he broke the monotuny by Kiiddiiily oxclfltmin^,— 

" Another had 'un, shrivelled up to a hit of Wlher,'' said he, and b* 
dAFihcd iho sbclla violviilly upon Ihc floor, "that makes the lutth in 
the last dozett, — llierr,' he coiitinuMl, **«ay what you niti, 1 'in more 
evnviiicud oil it than ever, we 'vi- never bad an oyster in our* bed*' 
worth a rope yam, since the paminj^ of the Keform Uill," and bv put 
on ■ delinitivu lotik, that added, iiiid yuu have my authority for 
saytujj %o. 

" Humbug r said tho bronxcd head, with th« wintry aspect, pickii^ 

np the broken thread of the argument with avidity. " Humhujtl'* laid 

he, emphatically ; *' that '* whut you wos n proa«hiu' about afore 

groToin como in." 

^. " Ah I " groan«d Boniface, with the air erf a man who hai nn 

^HjKcnt and a delicate piece of cookery to attend to at the same timn. 

^^* Your head 'a aa muddl'd as the aun in a fog-bnnk. You don't know 

how to put things togclhM-, you don't, — you (*e," »aid he, phictng under 

our noie a steaming dish of bi« Mewed " nativo«," " vou see whea our 

oysters lost ihcir nnl'ml protectoi^, and our town fott Its right;' and 

" Tli« privilege of dredging," «n prouraed. ^H 

" Sartinly," added ISoiiiftw spproringly, "and alto the priTilege, ^^ 
I may say, the hlejiM-d privilege of Bending two mtmbeni to represent iba 
, hiteresta of tlie ' naiivee ' in pnrlisnipnt." 

" Do you mean thi- fni-nien, or th« oyiters," we demaodMl, in a totic 
of surprise. 

" Well, I believe It never wo* c'rectly settled which had the 
ference," replied tho host with an air of perpkxity. 
*< D«ir nnc 1 " 

" Ah," rejoined the landlord *olc<mnly, '■ tbvy wo« an oncomn 
to our borough, turuly, — why you 'd tceroely b'lieve it p'l 
X ui tliose eood old liint-*, tbey supported a mayor, two aldermen, lota 
berlaini 'sides tending two real ordtunc 



"Well," n.fuia<nl our lioH, o» s'lvn a» lit' bud Kurroimikd himwlf 
ill a jterfcrt fog of unoko, •■joii msy be sure lliere was a prpcioua 
Imiain' round tW cnp'ralion hiv«, whrn tlipy found nhnt ibo independnt 
[]r«itj;cni hail brought about : but ([TeaLer er^nt* wus a luppeoing oa'tUa 
Uic town than within." 


" YcB — true oa llie log ; there wob & screw ](mv io the mayor** «i 
It leaked out ihfit the corporation, — tli« mighty corjioration. — thougl^ 
for ilic matlnr of that, llity all spruiig from the uiud of our <n sler-beda^ 
— wao to he attaclicd -in ihi;ir stroitghotd," 

•' Attnckt'il I in whnl way ? " 

** Wliy, for itiaking uiii>-sii!(.-d bye<U»«, to be >ara: and by & 
nud iDdc]>CDdeiii Uluc," replied the hotl, 

" Siiiiplo, thoiightU-M tiinii," munnured we, "to ruin himself 
opiJOMin^- a powerful forporaiiofl ! " 

"Don'iyou b'liewo ii," chuckled Uonifucv i "Dredger DoOds I>a<lii1 
one ahiliin^ to cliinic Ofcaitist another. No, he nerer could ■ awom 
through Hiich > sen of troubled water, n» o rc|Tuliir built action at Uwi 
uuleM he 'd born buoy'd up by sumu iuvisiblv Qoats. HowEoiaever, tiie 
action wo» brought, and thu corporation u.os 'l)lig<>r! to defend it, and 
the vxpensb uiid trouble they wot put to, curdli^tl their bilf, ajid turned 
'em as gre«D and yaller at rin^-tailed baboona. 'Sidn which, ihoy 
couldn't hide thdrtipila, — no they fumed and freCInd und fixzrd awif, 
like (O many dying tic|uJbH. Well, in roorM!, all iLiIh frellin^ and funi 
■tig wait soon hatched into Rghliag, and the Bluet and the Uuffs 
oru- aiioihcr intu a* nimiy coluura a* The raiiihow." 

*' Hut who allciidcd to the ' bed* ' during all lliis excitement ? 

"Ah, that'* ill" rapli<<d our bo«, with r «igh, "llial'n it' — wliyl' 
anybody that liked, — for lli« dredgen won too busy abutiiig oue sa> 
other. Well," he continued, after a momrat's pause. "Time and a 
empty cart both trurcla fiut, no, you wv, thu d;iy iit LiRt caino round 
when the cause of the Blue dn-J^-m wo« to bo tried. It was known all 
over the world as the great Oyiter Cauw." 

" And what was the re«ull, eh ? " 

"Well, III ball olT the yam (|ui«k, tt may be stated that, afi«r four 
days' veering and hauling, croM-ijuestiofiing and traversing, and lying 
tli« truth up iiilu at many knots, as took the jury the liltb day to un- 
ravel, the indepvndunt Ulnes gained tbeir c&use, and sent iho obDOtiaaa 
tiyo-laws to the devil." 

" How fortutuU! 1" wo cxclaimud. 

"Prapa it wo»," replied Boniface, with deliberation. "It inight 
bin, if we hadn't raised lucti clouds of ill-will with the wind of our ostCP 
Inlion when we returiiod homo." 

■' What) yoti didn't forKel to triumph ? " ^^^ 

" I'orgcl to triumph '. No. Lor a atntsy on hj, I shall never iSJrt 
lliat moruin^. when «q mannt-d our boal^. and with eolciur^ l^yiuff ^tid 
funs flringr wo Miled for the ' Ceds.' D'ye 'niMnhtr, Culeh," said be, 
■ddrusaing the brouxv head with the wintry as^iect, ' ' liow we woa to^'d 
out in a« nauy itylei as a Neptune's gang, in an outward-bound logo*- 
nian, crotcain^ the line?' 

'* Kighi wfU. n)Btef right well," rcptivd Culch. 

" And what did you do at the ' beds }'" we ioquired. 




— ep* , 


"*' >"*■« c*« ■""- ■■■■'-■ p«rn gami^ mnft- 

r««**— ?^*» ^^ |<K«EDdHU 3ar:T »Mk the Ind sUkM? uMil 

■MW^inw^ sow via ; aoe ^ wmetrr wa* moq dnrcd op, fgr 
fj^" nartT «f ii, fc« tad mwpM&ns -fndgvn, exeraxd ihdr 

jOig » "•««Bt — aBM! «fli^«in>A!ii niwdbts a&««t taking tiate to delibfr 
nor- snt kcoh «xx scatiKCM '■» sbbt ««« eoaaciaicai, and tbe 

->- Jk»i Wi :m« w mhii Eiir|gan ^ Wkmt Uaakictt 1" we tk- 

■^ Y«^' 

- A>^i ^ «x>nw iKuznii a i^nubin^ ib Aaa ^ o m bv«-h«« ? '* we 

* EnfTT jKw»r.~ 

• VVte ! sea tke i&«iaaei>J!s <m nris t^ Hat ttianet ribbona ud 
T«fTT Twim loa «o <«£&B;Mk«a»Ui i^isf iou iW wa ? " 

~ At. ax I * Mjki K^oAw. wa^ a» iSn? a kow of shame at hia 
twvoH^ <K«BiiraaK« w» oapofW' of «tfR«u^. ~«* wi ymrd (^ it. 
Ve*,' h« niti, " noiw-tlwtMftitag ill ih«e oolMe cibru in thetr came, 
— iWy had ih«r A»ub€».' 

"IVit-t* of »hat .-"■ 

*' Whv. 1,^ i1m> £;tM«¥ of tW »iMinI to nrpmnit the intvnsts of tlie 
ot»tvr>tinJs in l^krltamrat ; bat w«» il till tbet 'd had a priTatc meeliDg 
«»h aiioiher 'l«\-tKMi aprat, Utat tbtx allua'd tbemsclTea to be coa- 

" He luvd wvi^ty arpunHDb, doub(Ii»«.'' sai<l we. 

" Wry." rMponded ibe b*»l. laugbin^. " fi>r the inio-riew was bul 
shuTt, and tbca ihifv went to the booth, and plumped the old admiral to 
the top of the poll "^ 

"This was another triamph otct the corporation." 

" Exactlv. Well," resumed the landlord, ** there was a lull after the 
breese, but it was a treacherous one. for another storm was brewing,— 
shortlj after it begun to be winded about, that there was to be an alter* 
alion in the franchise; and at last, as yoa mar rem^nber, the Reform 
Bill was reg'larly laid before Parliament, and in coorse we 'd another 
lection, and the Buff's and the Blues had another scene of rioting, 
drinking, and fighting." 

" And your old friend with the Witney blankets— was he returned 
again ? " 

" Yes," replied the host, « he was returned again, and then — " said he, 
suddenly stopping himself. 

'■Then what?" 

" Then — the Reform act passed, — and the borough wos double- 
Irun'd, and flung into limbo for misbehaviour." 

" l*ut in schedule A," we presumed. 



OWl it ii • la.>HA IShXi^ a^Hw y-V'"-' S fi Ik*ki(«*« «*f4 »ii ■ 
oiliau.— DtUOSTBEWK*, »« Corona. 

CaroBt aurcculbiin »plo 
Qabqola all evmtu fticut notaada puUt. 

UviQ. UttvU. 


At the foot uf Mount Auxois, in the CTite-d'Or, telwecn Seniur and 
I'ljon, tt litUe villago itill bean the nnmo of Ali*c, ntnl firct<M-w« th« 
•ntOMry ©r the (treat city AliaiB, wlu'ch once otcupiod the liill ; and of 
the final struggle for indci>end«ne<>, vhicli tlic ancient Goul*. winltr their 
hero Vcrcingetorix, tnudc tn tlti» upot itg«in«t th* Tctcran legions of ftome^ 
nnd tlie iireablible eeniua of Caxai. 

Histcr^' Has justly hallowed th« renown of Anninius, who reicu«d 
Qcn»any from Rumun bondage; but liow few w tWre, ovon of thoM 
who Uy claim to the rank of ctaaucat acholon, who are ftunilinr with the 
name of the geneml and the Ktatanian, who itror« to liberate Uaul from 
Um mine doom- Yet. iit mtlitary geniti*, in p^irity of piirpow, in ain- 
tiinad encrgv, and in jtenerous telf-devotioii, Vcrciiigdtorix may challenge 
(OtnpiiriMn with any r>thor of t)ie ancient chninpioni of lil«rty. 1'hnt lie 
waa also one of it» martyn, — tlint 1h' diud fur n Innd which he could not 
nvc.^WBS due to no delidency of hit own, either in intellect or courege. 
Ilia counlry'i fall and hi< own ««rc cAusod portly by lh« fault a\ tboto 
whom he led : Iml pTind|ially by tlie trantccndant ability of hii |{rnt 
advenary, — by Ida having to encounter a Ca-sar, and not a Varus, 

Vcn.ingolwix wa« tho ion of Ccltillun, n chief of high Iwrth and great 

wealtli anMiiig the Arvemi, the inhabilanti of the eoiiulry now called 

Auterpic C«Uillut had, at one time, succeeded in iDdiicliig iill the 

(luula to lay aside th«ir jcalounea and feud* with i-nch other, and to 

(init« in electing him as their pnsidont. HU political ^neraiea in hii 

own >tate, spread a report that he intended to make himself an arbitiary 

king ; Biid ttwy caused him to bv put to diulh. Vrmngctoiix, diiguited 

uiid di»licatti.-iK-d at the iagratitua* which hit father met with^ eeeme to 

. huvc tivLtl in rcureniunt for tome ycAra, and to hove taken no part in llie 

■ t'olilicii) movonicnli, which were occauoned by the jiTceencv of C«;»ar and 

V his IcfrionB in Gaul, and by the rapid progrm wliidi that commander 

made in reducing tin' iialit-o tribes to Bubjection to Iteme. 

The hereditary influence which Uie young Arvcniian chief could exer- 
cise oTur hiv c>>untrvn>cn, «■■ not unknown by Cnvar ; and the ever 
*^|f(iluni Roman liad Mtuscd otiict watch to be kept over the conduct of 
V <'ri'ii>f|;ctorix. Ho had andeavourcd to win lum orcr to the Koitian 

E'eat by Batturinf* Utice, and lield out to him aa a liuv, the prvniite 
nolcins him king over hia counto-men. Vemngetorix calmly 
<i«d •" 

*^^ the gifti and avoidiMl iho frivndibip of the Itomanii ; wliili;, at 
■•>o time, by the retired life which he led, he g&ve thriu no pre- 
' cutting liiin elf us o«v of their fbaa. 



eloqtUDCP, and ^1 t)i« adranUifrcs of youth, high bitth, and outwraH 
oocomplitbraeiiiB, tv^Ay and Sinrlilis in d«iigD(, and r«Mlut« in cxccitiioit, 
he alept fotword at once frum obsciuity into the principai part of the ptrax 
drama of the Gallic ^^'a^. 

Tliu winter of ihe year Si, a.o., se«nie<] to Iiave brought m\ eminenily 
Givouralik- opportunity for a succcislul risng ^ruinst tho Koman*. After 
Um cairpugn of that year, Ca»tiir liad pliusid hi* Icn li^gionii in wintfr* 
quartan in th« north«rn and OBat«m parts of Gaul ; anJ lie had himtelf 
crotaed the Al[)», on account of the political tumutli cuuKcd l>y xhc death 
ofClodiua in Kome, where the party opvpojed to liien appton'd to hare 
^incd the tuccndancy. Il wnn nbsoluuOy ompntisl for liini to appear oa 
the southern ivl« of the Alps, and to be near enoiigli to t)ic rupilul to 
watch the mo<ii«aa«nb of his polilieal foea, and inspirit and direct iiis oum 

All this vraa known by the Gaula, who hoped that a civil war would 
actually break out in Home, and render it impoaBlble Tot Casar to return 
to the pmvuice. At any rate tJiey tliought th«m»elv«* aiuv uf );ai»iRg 
the iinporliiiitadvAiitugi-[»f x^pumting him fhim hit army. Aihis legions 
were in the paru of Gaul that were distant from tirn Alpi and Xoilionna 
and ProyynM, they thoujfht that if llic inlcmindialo ftatcs revolted eimul- 
tanenuily, he would Rnd it iiii|K»iaible Lo travcne llieni to join liia troops : 
while, if, on the other hand, tho iopont were tu more eouthward to seek 
ihur commander, tho Gallio ormy would gain the ineetimnbic udvantn)^ 
of attacking thein on the inarch, and bringing tli«ni to action witliuut 
Cseaar being present to eommnnd them. Lastly, aa Cussar himself re- 
late*, tlioy reMlved that it would be better 6r ihemselTes to perish 
^chting, than t>i abandon their ancient military renown, and the Jrefdom 
which their fatlien had bequeathed them. 

Such were ihu pinn' and roctutioii* whicli ViTcMig*torix and tlie other 
leaduig mett of the greater part of th^ Gauls canvusi^, at the end of tlie 
year 62, ii.c. Thcr met in forciits and eavcrnB. fortlie sake of avoidiug 
the observation of the (pios of Rome. A genvrul rising was determined 
on, and the day fixed ; and the ohiefn of Lne Camutes, a tribe inhabiting 
the territory otthe modeni OrleaniM*, volunteered to strike tho hntt blow. 
At auorisi:, on the appuiiiicd day, thoy maMaered the Romans in their 
chief city Oenabum (now Orleans), and meawngera were forthwith 
ditpatehad br and wide throughout Gaul, to announce that the Car- 
nutaa were up, and to call an all patriot* to rise and fallow their 
ezaiDjde. The tiding* were tranimittc-d from man to man, over field, 
«mr mountain, over moor, with such rapidity, that th« deed which w«« 
done at Gvnubum at dawn, was known one hundred and fifty milc« off, at 
G«r0ona. in the Auvergne, before sunset. At eventide, Vatcingetorix, at 
the nood of his ratainers ei>t«red that important city, and tummoned the 
inlwbitanta to pronounce against Rome. But the party that had Oain h!s 
fatlier was strong thctr, and net him with armed rcaistance. He was 
xepulsed from the city, but the ttY«r>e ww only temporary. Ue co!]«eted 
a nunMrous force near Oergovia, and won made hioMelf matter of tba 
tawn, thu Romanising faction being in turn expelled. Vercingetorix now 
•ent his ODVUj s iu all directionx througli Gnuj, <^hortiiig the vorioua states 
to kc«p their pledges, and act up lo their rtndutiono. Thoee of nearly all 
■reatem, and of great part of oetttral Oaul, readily obeyed him, and by 
•nivorsol content iiumIl- him supreme commander of tlio league Inrcslcd 

li this authority ho fortliwilh required hoatagea of llie several 8t4t«s, 


Vonancttviix n usiUlcdi wts in tlic modem dinlTiet of the "Rotsi 
Slid nl a conddenble d^tonce from thv r^on where Ctmar''* miGt 
rtoras and [TcviiBion* were cidl«t«d. It wm aliU mii wmter ; and it W6« 
•Ttdent thai if ihe itomani were to loovc thrir ijimrtmnnd march aoulh- 
wtrd they mutt be pxpwvd to Mfious trouble and riik in fcrinKine «up- 
plifti with iheni ; wliilu. if they w*re to remain quiel, and lenre the Boti. 
to thtir ((it4s thoy would cxpoM their iiuiUlity to protect their atlie.i; an^ 
Vui»aget»rix miglit fairly expect (o ae« the Gallic stales, which us — ' 
MMtiuued to T«eagniM th« Roman niith>:'rity, di-clnri> ognitut the f<MV'i^ 
and TAngt ihcmcelTM oii liii aide. But hi* adr^nury bI«o apprcciat 
tbo inonil efTeet of iuch an nbuidonmcrit of the Boii. Leaving two 
lojMiH to pnrtcct tho depot of hit (tores mid tocgage at Agendicum (SeiM)JI 
tlift Roman commander movod Muthwaid, Bod in >pitc of aiifTcring* o'" 
uriTstiom. whidi iion<> hiit Romui Mldien could or woittd have endur 
he fomxt Vorciii^turis to raise tJi« aiege whith h« h^ fonncd, and took 
himMtf, ihm- uf tho patriotic ritiea by stonii. 

Tlioud) iiuiitiTifaUy superior to the Romoni, Verdngelorix was well 
ftwoK otlh" ititiolicy of encountering them in the opon fieM lie knew 
tlwi wnithlntMMsM i)f his own injWitry in opposition to CtMar's I<.'giunun«h 
In the TioMU politioilByitem of the ancient a&u1>,tbcci)intiK'nnl(y were 
hdd of no uoount ; nnd all pomr and wealth were monopolized by tlie 
prte«t« and nohlea. Henoe the inferior OaiiU, though pcraonally brave, 
were iU-Amicd and iU-di»ciplincd. Their jmuctpa] weujinn was a clumsy 
bnadtwoid ; in addition to which tlicy carried bows und arrowt, or 
jnv«lint. Their only defensive armour waa a fccMe and narrow Imckler. 
fht nobility disdained to serve on fooL Badi high-bom Ottul rode lo 
tho battle-Rdd ei^uippeii with helm, witl) brcatl-plate, with the hnuA 
bait, with sword and spear. 

Vercingetorix liod many tlioumnds of these gallant cavalien at his 
conunaod : nor could Oacaar's horse oopo with tham. Jt was only by the 
capture of town* that the Romans eould olitaiii mipplitsi. Vcrnnpetorix 

Srravod clearly the way in which ihc enemy mtcht be tiollt^d ami 
stroycd ; and calling togother a eouneil of hin chi^l follower*, he told 
them tliat " It was neeeatary to resolve upon a new plan of war. In- 
■teod of givintt t>uttle to the Romans, they shouli) K'lid their whol« 
aim to intercept tlicir convoys and foraj^rs; that this might he easily 
cflVclcd ; they themselves aWunded in cnvnliy; and, as in the prcnvnt 
seaion of the ytair tlieie wils no sustennncc in the fidds, the enemy must 
unavoidahly disperse themselves into the dislftut viUngL-s for vtiWiatcncn, 
ttlid t)ien>by pm daily opportunities of destroying thorn ; nhen life and 
liberty wrre nl stake, private property ouctit to be little rtgurdod ; and 
thcrcRiro the beat resolution they eould take, was, at ono; to hum all 
their buildings and xiltuges, throughout the territories of the Buii, and 
elsewhere, as far ai the Itomors could send dclndimcnts lo collect suit- 
plies I that thoy themselves had no r«uon to apprehend scarcity, as they 
would bo plentifully supplied by tho neighbouring states ; whereas, the 
enemy must be reduced to the neceeaity of either starving, or tnaking 
di*tsnt and dnngcrous excursions from their camp. It equidly answered 
the puipoae of the Gauls, to kill tho Romans, or to seise upon their 
atorc< ; becsiise. without these, it would be im{>oittibIe for thii enemr lo 
carry on the war. Vercinjjetorix told them, moreover, that Ihpy ought to 
*et fire lo llio towns, which were not strong enough to bo prfoclly tecuro 
againat all danger. By this bung done tlieir towns would neither bu 

6C irsscccEssm great mex. 

ihrir ourae* sai their pairiutic leal ; nor were the Bssertiooi whkh bt 
icad^ to ihem -r.f hii »u«:e!s in acquiring freih membera of the natioml 
it-spie, deft:j.v,c.r» IT esKZrTZtei boasU. Choosing hi« emisaariet whli 
manti;::;) ciictramem of t.-haracter, and inliuing into them his own jer- 
fjasiTe cl.jq .!«■.«■, he hai won over many more valuable adherent!, ud 
^f-\ ^'^^ ir.a-ie :hc .t^iui, tht-se inTeterate partiiani of Borne, wanr ia 
tL*ij ar.ii-iiiticnal f.^Iicy. The lot which the dinster at ATarieumW 
r.%a<ie in his rar.Vi was sx-n repaired; and when Cssar mored ioutfc- 
wards lo chastise the Arrerai in their own territory with six of la 
lepoTts frjm AvaHcum [harini: sent I^bieniu with the other four, to pt 
dvwn :be rifinc^ of th<e Gacdj in the north), he found no ngns of tub- 
iu;ssi>n or d=f^r. The fa^as;e of the Elarer wa» guarded against him, 
ar.d when he hai succeeded, by an able maDteuvre, in crossing it, ud 
airar.i'^d through AuTcipie to its capital, Geigovia, he found VerdB- 
pe:.-'rlx. w^:h a rmncr-us and eSicient army, skilfully posted so u U 
c. ver :;-.r ea»es; sit rache* to the town ; and with eotrenchments formed 
r;.:ri his cariir. in which the Roman engineers recognised how wdl cwn ;esf::.s hai at lart tivn learned. 

CjfKir prvxeeded t^i l»?s'.e(:e t-oth the city and the Gaulish amp; 
b:it i:i t.:t narra'.iTe whii-h he himself ha* given tu of the <^perationi 
li':" w Ger-C'via it is palp&hle that he has concealed much, and coloured 
Kiuch. -r. order to disguise the defeat which Vereiiigetorix undoubtedly 
i^ve h::r. Aivcriing to his own version, the indiscreet zeal of some 
i«rh:s wliier*, in f:.I lowing too far an ad-i-antage which they had gained 
{■• a:: Sfs^S.: ;;pon the enemy's camp, led to their being driren back, 
wi-.h :h.' loss of fort v- six centurions, and seven hundred rank and file. 
Put :: is clear fwm'the statements of other writers, that his loss wu 
far j:rta;.T: a:ii he was obliged to raise the siege, and retreat towards 
the urT:;or\- of the -Edui. 

There is' no Cel:ic Livv of the Gallic war. Xo one has recorded the 
raptur-us iov that must "have pealed through Gergoria, when Vereinge- 
torix fm<"n>l it as its delivertr. and when the previously invindWe 
Ca-sar was s«vit retiring with his l<eaten legions from their expected prey. 
The fldd iutcliij^'nce soon afterwaids arrived that the rich and powerful 
.Kiui hai nnouiHvd the Koman alliance, and were in aims for the inde- 
poii,tenc> of Gaul. This seemed to secure success. Casar had been 
prinoipollv Jei-eiiJont on the -■Edui for his supplies ; and the best part of 
his cavalry had been composed of their auxiliary squadrons. All these 
resources "were now given to the already victorious patriots; and the 
speedy destruction of the invaders appeared inevitable. 

Tlic accession, however, of the *^5dui to the national cause was not 
unattended by disadvantages. Tlie chiefs of that wealthy and strong 
people thought themselves entitled to the principal command of the 
national armies ; but the Arverni naturally refused to let their young 
hero be deposed from the dignity which he had filled so well. A general 
assembly of the worriors of all Gaul was then convened at Bibracte (the 
modem Autun); and of all the Gallic States only three neglected the 
summons. When the great national army was fully collected, the ques- 
tion whether the ^-fMuan princes or Vercingetorix should have the 
supreme command, was left to the general suffrage of the soldiery. To B 
man they voted foi Vercingetorix. The ^duans submitted to the deci- 
sion, and professed obedience to the coinniauder-in -chief; but it was with 
reluctance and secret discontent. They repented at heart of having aban- 

■[ ■Tuput 'MBiBi luraeir Ji^i ti bi« tilt ibelter ef s nut 
au Bf«E n JMic DC 3NE9E. -«!&. IT oBii. tot^ fac lad twin nUat 

rboE TT« ir-n» r ani uv-nv^ ^ xmhs if G>al nde Ibrtli in tint 
mTi rpiMJiraa zt -31: iin^ T"**! **«? ^ aiKl tbe 't™™** m Suk, 
■SO! -ssTi w 'I snion ^at iifsitiup nij—rc in front. CkmtiIm 
o-Tuȣ iiB s*:!^ SCI -zme crrMum U sert t^ attntj. M 
Cksc ilw ji iiig ?£ ijf :i«i,its ftt at incx t* |ntcct tbe baggipk 

lis JucK, ms w^t iv^vj ir^mei. nacai kocu. aad rNtjganixe itaV 
vr A 5Ha aiETt> Tstsdekx^s 9«uc uk trac bit *^T^r*i ia&ntrj > 
TtMC -SK JK. at u r'^i KIT mii:r.g- faawxt » aim iuMauatM. But Ui 
STUua =iA3!i>£ af«»s:x:A7 ui saa. nf :» ;iR* p«Dti agaiiMt whid 
iK ia£ aaociLli^i rruat : tad. ^ cmcftB: vs i:«f aai deqnate, At 
ins :3e tjiau nu t^e ar<x3^:v>- Cvaar «a* ctfiged to nil; lii 
waa^n&k ant ji*i Uisa n ^ Mcm : M iisMeii' «■■, at ooe tim^ 
ne^T n^csrtnc. £=<£ iis r«-.-r£ vxf vtvam men him dnri^ the dim 
XKt>G-:.-~->iKiki =ci'. :: w : eh M wxt aiMed. At Ian the otatinte 
TxZ-.'«z n tbn^ «>=»= brcKQK. v5?i Vr zae d£]fal nnocarvn of ths 
s^fvvcCac WS:ca. :nTi^L xzti tb; Tvatiat ii tb« GaalaA canhy fled 
E exrBia:c :.' vbin Uier t^JKSy w ttMCmd. Tttis abo CKigfat the 
P«xk; di :*M Tb:« <»ai-^V k::=:t wv driim W the cooqoering 
K.-<Bi2a oi G«r=:&=3 =. r.:izF:os Sp: » ue valJs of AJen, wfaoe Ver- 
eap m ci^ a: '^att t:;a.'ow5fcirnZT^*^<Si{m:»iaBd£H>^Hiisedhost 
H« c^- «KK> ^T-; :3k^ iii :«:a empc: for, aMae time dapwd 
hdil-cv uf R:cu=3 v-f n K:i<e :.< ^>^ J >b tSe affooacbee to the ci^, and 
he artaallv. ic ihi» i::«-Ta.\ kc: awsT m2 hli canliT. But be WW 
TCMifvii ;:' iiuil::li:= ii)t Atj^j* kz zjs «':4iaCT » ieof ai a spaik of hope 
tam^vii Ki* b:!aE:::T. :bxK^- — »c:«ii for maEKSurra or battle^ mi 
ex<?i:^t i:: :h« i^f^^-v oc £>n5ei iv-tfu, : umL at tb« bead of the cj^y 
tKv^M=iI fA-4 K^'di^rs, wbfcr. be hsi nliKd at Alesa, he neadTed to 
dewoi ibe d-.y. a=J tb* tc-niEsd osip wbieh be fxmed beneath iu walU, 
gainst Ci^ar. while a ft«h armj- of his K-aniryTatn couU be assembled, 
and brvughi to hi* ajsinaaw. The Tirtoriotu deieoM of Gagovia waa 
reniembeKti. and a fimuar sucnes wai jiutl; boped fer now. 

Cvnar. however, intuai ^--f waning th« livts of his l^onariea in assatUu 
upon the Gaulish camp or dtv. fonoed the sstonishing project of carrying 
fortifiod tines all nmnd Alesia. and the hill on which it stood, and of 
reducing his enemy by blockade. As the speedy approadi of « new anny 
of Gauls to the relief of Veteingetorix was certain, the Roman geneial 
required also an 9uter line of contmTallation to be formed. The patient 
discipline and the indomitable industry of his reterans accomplished thia 
miracle of military- engineering in fi»e weeks. During these weeks the 
messengersof Vercingetorix were stirring up all Gaul to the rescue of her 
choMd chief; and at length Vercingetorix and his comrades saw from 
their ramparts an apparently innumerable and irresistible host of their 
fellow-countrymen marching down from the neighbouring mountains, and 
preparing to besiege the Roman besiegers. 

A series of battles followed, in which Vercingetorix and the garrison of 
Aleaia sallied desperately against the inner line of the Roman works, 
while the external Ime waa assailed by the myriads of the outer Gaulish 
army. But nothing could drive the steady legionaries from their posts; 
and At the dose of each day's engagement the Gauls recoiled with 


Thb tun Iiad yet scarce linpii tfaa hotiBoa wilh lh« firrt dawn of lipftt 
when, wilh s liody liot aiid unnfretlwd from the myriodi of rcmiin that 
hoA l)i.-cn preyiii); on it. 1 tMiied froii) tbe dour of the hncicudn of H«ii 
Jacinto, to wijoy the cool air ofmonuDg.iutd ioothfiiiy ilchiitglinibi with 
t)i« clear purn water of a livulel that conned past the rear of mjr bM 
ni^ht'i nitting-plac«. 

All waf yd (till snund. — none io<nied la b« •Erring, — ami na I 
glanced orer the exlcitnTe plaini that exlciidnl on one side as far ui the 
«y« could leodi. I cottld only disocru ly lh« mMy light a herd at wild 
honet, aa Ihey swept ahini; thiougb the tall wiry graaa that nrote aboTS 
their ahouMen. lluckliug my pittnl bell ardund me, I Uirew my ifaort ; 
rifl« torplcealy scn>«a my buck, where it hung by it* on-n Hinip, and 
rapidly proceeded to dracend th« ttecp Rully, at the bottom of wliicli tliej 
■trvsm, one of the many that denccRd from the Andet, ran bubblinjt and 
boiling, aa it gtanoed over iti rocky bed. Uneven uid itociy, with the 
footing concealed beneath thick inattcd giaai and amaU stunted tniahrj 
wood. I found my tank anTlliing but an caiv one, and tlmott ngrett*!' 
that I had not gone rouiia by the jiatb uied by the people of ibe ha- 
cienda. Yd, as I swunit fr«m rock to rock by uid of the rank herbafte, 
1 felt that the courts I had ehoicn was mott in (onioiinnce with that 
wild, recUeaa ipirit that had conducted me over to many landj. 

At 1 mtcticd the bed of the gullyi the aun showed itself sbOTc the 
horiwn, and th« misty haze that filled the deep ralley wnx riven and 
ditporaed in eddying vapour before the wunn brouli of dny. The curtain 
risen, there lay before me a wide lerd space of the finest alluvial ml, 
over whieh, it would appear. th« stnam &t timee extend^-), when swollen 
with iho meltitif; *nowt uf tlic Andeat but it wa* now eontincd to nairaw 
limttt in llie centre, now and then extending into large wuter-holta, when 
the aoHer toil had been watlied away, or a diver^^g bend of the ttream 
had given more power to it* wati^rt. 

Tlitt scene was calm happy nature illuminated by the glow of a 
tropicul truiiriM, for it was iK-reinbei', and the Eun had almoftt attained 
the trwpie of Oapricom. Itut my uncomfonablc; limbs twitching with tho 
elltcls of nsDiburless liile*, would not permit me lo enjoy, for any 
IrngthCTied limt-, the bi'auliet of nature ; bo, divetling myectf of my 
apparvl, 1 took my position «n n flat rock !n the atrcain, and plied my 
penon with frequent sliowen of water that I rnx. over myidi; by tfaa 
nd of a luige retael I hod brought firom the hacienda. 

At the Bpol when) I stood, the stream nearly approoclted the oppotiie 
■id* of the gully to that on whidi the buildings were erected, and during 
a pause in my occupation, my attention was drawn to a imtling naisa 
among the low bnishwood tltat lined the &co of tlie precipitous descent. 
They were tiin«i of danger and peril ; rait numhen of Indians were 
known to be scattered over the pampat, and m> daring had they bocome, 
by a large acoc«)ion of numbers from the tribee of the lower Sanquc) 
nver, that Ihey had even taken and plundered iKTeroI villages along the 
loot of the mountains, in the direction of the route to Paraguay. Accua- 



with the rifle, whoM «imV«^rtl„ ''"S**"*^***"^***"!"*; coTnd 
my band.; 4 .'^Z.rh^JS ^t^^l^/ '^'^ "^ -?•> 
overpowered aU thoughu rfinwr -thTmlfK r "^ '^ "^ P""'^ 
>ti imaU sheet of flS Md^~ tt^ti. ^"* "^^ ""? P'«* P**"™** ««fc 
be«te, the body ofmv'^v ™ ^ w^ "'P*"* ^"^ «~«d to re«. 
to rock, fordmf iu ^vT^LT^JT*''^ " '"^^ "»-"' fe"™ "* 
wood. ^ ^ *^"8*' ^ **'«'«* "—tted gi»«. ^d hnjAr 

powerful chief of o J ofT!;:>„"L^ E2/x:^,2d'L'i"^ ^' 

'^^.tP^T ^ "- -i"«g- unS'the A^S -a.d to be oonumt. 

\\Tiat brought the chiefawaTfrom hi. tribe. «adil^»».-^^u j. i 

of the h^dE, ^main^ uiixpkined.S.S "me rft^^J^! 

iemaii»d unturned out the prexiou. night, ioined the «rtlr TJ^^ TS 
u. that they l«i «ea th4 other ffiSwl^£e^^^ 
.hort dist««e down. a«d. mounting hor«. that had W S dJl'^SJ 
«j^«^ dash acrow the plain with a led horn, in the^i^rf^ 

-nii. newi caused no inconriderable itti amongst the motley SMem- 
btage, and we returned to the hacienda to dedde what coune we w« to 

Ten da>-8 previous, with three companions, all Enriiahmen, three 
guides, and four rancheros as attendants, we left St. Jago with the 
intention of proceeding by land to Buenos AyrM. The rBsaon of oar 
employing the rancheros was, that they had a short time previous ae- 
eompanied a Valparaiso merdiantfrom St. ¥6 to St. Jago, and had been 
most useful to him on the route. Absent from their own country they 
were glad of an opportunity to return, and we secured them for a com- 
paratively small recompease. 

The guides were the usual adjuncts to all traveller!, and indispoi^ble 
in order to pilot us on our way, and catch horses for us, when those we 
■ode were knocked up. The pre\-iou8 evening we had arrived at the 
hacienda of San Jacinto, ^er having two days before descended Smm 
^e Andes, whence it was distant some ninety miles. 

A kind <^ station-house was here for the guides, where they changed : 
those who had conducted ua across the precipices and defiles of those 
eternal snow-clad mountuns, giving place to others who wore to conduct 
m to the settled districts of the Buenos Ayrean plains, where their ser- 
vices would be no longer required. It was also used as a place of refresh- 
Qient where the usual Pampa fare was to be obtained, with some most 
execrable peach brandy, and a little bad wine. 

Several other houses stood in the n^ghbourhood of the hadenda, in- 
habited by cross-bred herdsmen, almost as wild as the stock they were 
in charge of, and a few women their companions in the wilderness, and 
an odd child was also visible. 

Several other travellers had arrived the same evening as ourselves, but 
none travelling in our direction, and no European. Having consulted and 
the majority being of opimon that the Indians who had alarmed us were 



vsrn lU that our lionm would l)«ac)i on tito wilij Punifsa of 

It wai no tun«i Iidvtctct, for icQection. Tlicir ycUs ivimdod in «iir 
eon, and they adrunwd in a ilonne body wiDiln tvo hiinilred paces ot 
tine pofition w« Itsd taken, 'flien came a holt, and out from l)i« maia 
body rode a tingle Indian. I'hv uivitgc rtroil« liti hoiK nitliout middle 
OT any other appnrtenance than n raw liide stnp, formed into n bridle, 
with wlitch Iw managed hit it«ed. Hi« orms conmted of a )>ow- ami 
anrovTB, slung acroia hit back, wKli a long liuiiUn^knife and tivavy 
tomolmnk suBpended Gram Itia belt; hia Ibllovrera were mountfd and 
anitrd liko thnr chief, non« poaiening fir«-ann(. 

Slowly he roda forward mmt hundred yard* nearer ilian }iis people, till 
h* pausMl in a iKuitton whera th« rifle of any of lli>e party could have 
enoed hii dayi. But wa wvrs !n no positian to camni<-tico hoalJlitiv*, m 
we wiiely rdrained froDi eiwh a uteleu aacriiioe of life. We still had a 
hope Uiat the tribe in whose preaetice we were, formed no part of that 
whole otiieffdl in the morning; und, in order to uncertain the fact, one 
of tlic f^dca oddrt-aicd tim chief in ttpaloit of the Indian tonKUf, but — 
althou^ tlie attempt wai renewed by the two othere, it called fortli no 
nmODse. He atijl continued calmly gazing at ua. 

Suddenly, at if actuated by a pavning thought, ho wheeled liil horse 
round, and joined hii followcn. Then, indeed, his voice uat heard, clear 
and distinct, and, from hit commanding goMurce, it wni apparent that lie 
cxcrdscd Buprctne eway orer the BMenibled waniers. At hia word UiQ 
crowd dinBOlved, and Iceq>tng witliotit the ranjte of our rifles, lliey formed 
a circle around tia. It was no time for indecision ; im, niountinf[ our 
tionu, wo formed a double line, luick to back, Mich maii \>ilh his rifle or 
|MBtals ready. Then, indeed, imagination alone can depict tlie H^rw 
wai«crio8 that inuod from ell arcund us, the rush of hviam, and the cloud 
of arrows that threatened annihilation to all One of my Kngliah com- 
panions fell from his horse at the tint di*ch&i]ga, We relumed the fire 
with tome i^cct, and, ni a laat hope, each for hiniaolf, duahcd feorleuly 
on the line as they closed opon ut. 

Porknesi was jutt Mtling in, so our lispa was to escape singly, and 
make the best of our way hack to ilie hacienda, if succcMfut. Tbi? nuth 
was fcariul. The bright knives of two coeinies. on wliom 1 dashed, 
glared in my eyes ; but finvartne ogain proved their superiority : on« 
hU, and the (trokf of the otlivr but wounded my liurae. Aluddnncd 
with the pain of the wound it had rceeiTod, the noble horse 1 rode 
[bunged forward, and, at a lr»inondou> *pc«d, nwept mo in a moment 
beyond reach of a fuw utray orrawa wmed at me. 

Still, yet still, 1 had a danoe for my lifr. I thought of my coni- 
panionR, hut dorknets hid ereiything. beyond the space o( a fpw yards, 
from my view. On, on I dashed, plunging the long (pure, with which 
my hccla were armed, mto the side of my willing Bleed. T cotild pcr- 
caive, by the voices behind, that many were in pursuit, and after a mile 
or flo bad been paased over, I clearly discerned tlio vo!<«( gainiog on me, 
and from an occanooal stagger of niy horsc^ atccrtaiiied, but too truly, 
that lost of blood was making him fiunt. 

By this time it was oompletely dark, day hax-ing pawed awny with 
usual tropieal rapidity, and niy reeolre was made. Tlirowing mywif 
on my feet, I etnick the noble brute that so far had saved me, aiid 
abaodoned hhn to his own head. RcUtrvd of my weight* I depended on 











the body wUli that and my knifc, and tore frwn the imict paH tli* yet 
vrarm entrails. 

Th« fnw minutes bo oocujwed had brought the fire wiUiin a few 
lundred y»rds, and, as I eruBlMd nystlf within the reeking earcoM, and , 
covered my ex|K»«d liraba witii manes uf the ditgutting offal, I «ouM 
•carctt turn my &scinal«d n^t firom the appalling ecene. 

As &ir at tne eye eoutd extend, «n «itli<-r iiiijc, nought was to be &»- 
tin^iuithed W one briglit man of flame — Mcae twoity-ievt liig)i, — above 
which hung, in den»c clouds, darit black smoke ; while, yet higher still, 
light white vnpour floated and roio into the hvavcnc. A round, nil was 
sa bright as day, and tlie long wiry gruB could lie ewu dtsccnivtl bending 
before the fearful clement, as it advanced to annihilate. No breeze 
iivept OTcr the plains; but yd the fire ronrcd and mged, iw if hurled, 
along before the breath of a hurricane. The fleeting inttuntH «f suspense 
that elapsed before tht' fire rrached the tpot where 1 lay, looked almost 
like lonft hours. lUy fitte bung in the Wonoi!, and unrcrtiunly vnu 
wone than death. Vcarn havm nnco paatod awny, but when lying on 
my calm and quiet bed, 1 yet start with alarm: the siiodowrs of the past 
flit ov«r my memory, and I fancy niytdiryet swaiting tlia moinenl that 
would enclose me in tliat fearful flaming aeu. The agony of auspcnso 
was pamed ; fire was around, beside, within me, as 1 swallowed the hot 
furnace breath of the ktraosphere. Oh, Rod 1 iny very vitaU wen> dri«d 
up^ and my brain »eeme<l ready to burst, as my Bvroll«» Uoud- vessels 
dislandcd to the utmost. Oh, thiu to perish! — in the Hprin([ of life : 
fnendfl. home, early day*, for an instant crossed niy mind. Oli I but to 
di« by fire ! — frightful, ftarful ! — " Oh, peol GoJ, ft«*e me I " 

The struggle seemed over : although the fire could not reach my body, 
covered as it was. yet the intense heat seemed to deitroy life, and for a 
timo rendered me insensible. W})cn consciousness returned lite firo was 
little more than visibk on the liorixon, and the cold and clammy flesh 
and entmils prMwd upon my burning, pareiied limbs. A violent thuet 
actuated mc, and in order to allay it, 1 wa« reduced to the necesBty of 
cutting a large mass of flesh frctn the buttock, and sucking the blood and 
moisture therefrom ; till then I could scarce breathe ; the heated air I luid 
swallowed eopardicd and dried up my mouth and throaty that the Uiick 
skin peeled off when touched by my tongue. 

Re%-ived by niy sppUrution, once more my thoughts reverted to my 
pOBtion, and the chance of escape. It was improbable that the Indians 
vniald nuiko any search otqt the plains till daylight made sii4:h compam- 
lively eaty, and up to morning I calculated on safety. 

Oftho locality I knew but ver^ little, merely what had beo-i learned 
from the gtudes ; but of one thing I felt satisfied, tiint I siiouM Ix sure 
to ha captured if I attempted to return in the dirvcticn of San J«cinti>. 
The guides )iud rtulcd that for some distance to the souUiwud, many 
deep gtillics, with streams in their beds, ran out (or a great distance in 
the Pampas, many of them in a straight line fmm the Andes, at the foot 
of which ihcy commenced. This determined me to strike off in a 
•MitlMriy direction, guided by tlio stars, and endeavour to reach one of 
tlwso before daylight would leave any >lmy Indian to discover ine with 
little dilliculiy on Die Uadmiwd, naked pluns, wlioro not even a rock for 
ineeialoiont existed. 

But wlwn I attempted to walk, 1 found 1 could do to with great exer- 
gl only ; yet it was the lut chance, m, abandoning my lifle and ill 



neither birds nor Watts showitd UiBin*dre« ; roola there were none to be 
found, and agftin deipair oTenliadowed my soul, when I obnrved a laijre 
water *nnko imuo from the atrcjtni, and tcietin-ly trail il« dork body alobf 
tovranlfl th? crrricifi of some rotldt in'W tl hvid. It wai the work of n 
moment to hurl a Itofi stone at it, which hnVe its tjAne, and a ilmke 
of a ktiifo linlKhcd tlio natUr. I llion deprived the oiiimni of tu head. 
in TChicli 1 was aware nny jhoisoi) It [losKaied was coQluned, andcol- 
Icictini; a few pieces of dry cow-dtinff, of which [>tenty wm aeattcrtd 
abag tho rmk, n fire wu toan kindled, and the bod^ of th« Pampa 
snake Mn; broiled, nffor^led rt-freihment to the exhaiut«] trarellur. lucfa 
as ho never had obtained from the primett «els «t fatherland : intence 
hungu- made the food, diagusting at other tiinca, more thaii palatable en 
that occasion. 

tTivigorat«d hy this food, after a short rest I pitohed forward, taking 
with iiR' iliG n-inaSni of the nuik«, all of which I had cooked In ord«T t« 
prevent ihc ncccsnty cvf kindling a fire, the Etnokc of which might attract 
the attontion of the Indiani, if in my vicinity. My caution still con- 
tinued, and in most coiivfiiiimt spot* whiiro tin- anccnl wus vniy, I ctil) 
COntiniitHl to seek the edge of ihe firairie, and carefully tcan its surface. 
It was during ono of these recunnoisunccs that I Or«t caught liohl if a 
KattiTcil party uf Indiunn, udvandiig at fiill speed ulung the plaina, oa 
the otli(5T &ide of the gully, close by itd edge. Fortunately I woa nenr to 
a buffalo track that haii been formed by tneee animals to thA water, and 
alon;; thii I erupt an all four*, till T hod gained aoma high thick gras^ 
where I »tretchcd myself in complete concealment. 

Whether the Indians were a portion of the parly who had attacked ui 
I waa not swuv, but they teciiieJ to take but a curaorjr riew of the creek 
as they poued rapidly along ; they did not at all deacend to iu bed ; so 
I was in no danger of having my trail diaeorered. I could h<«r the 
tranip of the hor>«« as they imcpt along over the blackened, parched 
grouJicI ; but I did not dare ai li^m jit to get a near view of them, kit their 
keen vision should detect my lurkmfc-plaee. When lliey had some lime 
passed, cAutioiialy I arose, and KAiinnd the horizon, lo discover if any 
•trailing child of the wilderness was yet in view; hut it appeared the 
n-iiuricd travellcT waa alone in th^ scene. 

My JDumev v.-ns reiMwed, but thin time along the odgo of the plain, a* 
I l'uin>d lest the Indians might suddenly come up when I tdiould not per^ 
ceive (heir approach from the bod of the ereek. 

Another night, anolhur day wui paucd, durinf; which div only lood 
wna the lenuiina of the snake 1 had eiilled. The gully gradually in* 
ereaaad iii width, and a diverging brancn of it. on the northern side, had 
intempted the pngresc of Uil- fire in that direelion ; so again, on both 
aides of the gully, nothing wna to be diicemcd but the long waving gntaa 
of 111* plain*, with, as I Iet\ the scene of the conflagration W-hind, occa- 
sional h<!rds of wild cattle and hanet^ which &t<|ucntly allowed a near 
approach before they fled. 

On ilie fourth day I sucetwdMl in suiprising and altooting a young 
bufblo, which, with inaiiy othm, was standing in the water of the stream) 
to endeavour to preaervu Ihemtelves from the myriads of Hies and mus- 
quitocs that tilled the air, and inflicted their stinfcs without ceosation. 
Altliot^h brotight duivii hy iImi firit iJiul, yet 1 law coniudcraUe danger 
from tlic remainder of the Iierd, who charged mc, and ] only saved mTself 
hy taking refuge on ll>e lumittit of somo sleep rocks, in the side of tba 



clifT*, nrbkh the <Qn|^ anmuli could cot reach. A Eecoiid ohot di»< 

)>rtu<il (lie herd, and thny tl<xl ufi tli« uilo of the eiilly aiti) a^-nua (lie 

|>luin* till out oPaiglit ; whilit Mm^ lliin ttealca cut from the Hanlt of tha 

I bad obtained, fully rvvranlcd mccew. Wbco bmJnl and mabed 

iwn with pure clear natt-'r, thej- tatuAed appetite, and itrsngtliQMd my 

f.)r furlljirr cKfrtion. 

Taking tonK bwf with me, vrnipped ia a lietn of my coat, whith I 

lt«M left behind, ai lite unell it exuded, in eoniequenee of the neof eon- 

nnrtioD tt had been in with the cnrcau of the •}«><) korac, nnd t)i« mnse- 

iqweot eatcntive creation of maji^t* and insccU in its crevices, from 

which it eould not Le fneA hy wuKliiiig, rvwtoivd it a most dJaagreeaUe 

c->[iipnnion. My *hErl and iiwintn, vihicfi. with a np a«d boota* (cvmfd 

all (h« altin I had. were also infvttcd with thcK vcnnin, m that I had 

Blxoliiicly a couple oftiniCK a dn>' tn (trip myself, nnd vnuh thum in the 

LMmuii. But no aooner had they bef;uii to dry, than ratt numben of 

plica «|^n alighted on tbocc pant that had hum latuTaleKl nith the blood, 

FfroRi which, with irnter alotte, I hod been unable to cleitnM thpm. 

TheAe cnalurM actually diachnrged lire animalcule and fetid creefing 

'Utingii that vtovli have olninst induced mv to dtnudc myaclf of all 

' mar«i, if the beat of the nm luul not rendered that inipotaiblc. 

Vat ny ipiitli did not fail ; although at tini<-« my weary limbi ftag^, 
hope wu ainf, and tlial buoyancy of fwling. and ptesvnce of mind, 
which had conducted roe thiough ao many trying scenes, nerer fbntoolc 
nw on this oecaaion fur n tnomvnt. 

On the morning of th« eighth day, I had reached a poution close under 
«ne of the upun of the Andes, and wai following up a Iracl: that I luid 
fallen arroaf, aJid which I imagined might luul to fome villagr, when 
_Bijr esTB <rere talut«d with the pkasini! lound of mule beUa. 

Joyoua, indeed, wen then my ihoughta, and when in a few minutes [ 
DtnvQ a party bF rnuli-tccrt. conveying hideaand tallow to tlia iinull town 
FefSan Julianna, my thanks were many and fervent to that Supreme 
Being who had preserreJ mc through many dangon. 

Ilariitg a few *pecie dolbn about m^. 1 procured erery aauilanco (ix>m 
the party I had »o jiroA-jdcntially fallen in with, and oftcrwaidi joumeyed 
on to the town whither they «w bound. Here, having obtained what 
nadjp money I fe<]uired on one of my St. Jago letters of credit, I procured 
RMrtanoei and act forward lo the hacivnda, wlitre all my troubles com* 

On th« way, at another hactonda, t fell in with two of the rancheroi, 

Voth miTennj: from mtck wound* received in our action with the hxlians, 

! k«t who nevertbelen bad CBcaped by the speed of their horses, and the 

Btgieet of bU punuit beyond a nbort distance, by tli« Indiana, who termed 

I to Mve turned all their exertions towards securinE the Kuropcans of Die 

Cy. The other two ranchoros, the guides, and my two companions, 
not bm-n beard of, end wore tuppeaed, ai I myMlfliad lieeti, lo have 
been killed in the attack, or to havo perished in the flames, 

A aubuqutnt vifit to the spot, and the enlcincd rc^nitii of seven 

budiei. Nitiffwd me that my fK«nds wen no more ; the lodianii who had 

tfaUen BMinrd \0 bare been removcdi and all that now points out tho 

jiecna of thai Uoody deed, it tho niacd mound that eovcn those of our 

{Mrty who th«ra fblf. 



Fob s long series orycan, th* w*Il or Hl-doing of t}i« vaiiotu ItalUn 
State*, luu but link intcreMtd the genenlity oT Engli»liiuni ; very finr 
anwn^ lu haviitc any object or any rootire for itiquirinK ii^to their varioui 
fenna of gorcmmcnt, or to ocquoint oursclrca in ttny but a very gicnenl 
way of llwir put or prewDlpiocecdinga. Vamio id«uwe bod Uiai tlicar 
petty govemmiMils nerc ttcm dctpotisms, and (rom the tittle we httai 
of thrtn wc concluded tltut tlicy were a divided p«oplet and had atnnc 
iiiutuul jvolousies ai>d ant)pathi«a ; but, until " Lorenzo tlic l^Iagnificcntt 
and a few such works, appeared, our knowledge wai about us accurate of 
tha man m the moon, as of l)i« reigTiing houeea in Italy, oitd of thcJr 
peculiar claima to reign OTcr it* mountuns and ita plaiab 

Wd lieard nnd mid of the Statci of the Church, aoil it was very 
generally kiiowa that territories, and (o 8oni« extent, were attached to 
Ui« iMtbopric of Konic ; but tlii.T«; ore rery ftw who cT«i» now know bow 
thooe tenitoriea were acquired — whether by Kif^i oi" W iHirchasc, or 
whether tliey were wrung from tho«c who held them, by UBud or violence 
lUid bloodslicd. Ttic policy which wade tlicin the M-culIcd propaty of 
the Church was little known, little cared for, and rery little, thereJore, 
!ui|uired into. 

ATuch valuable infommtlon upon tins tubjcct has been lately prawnted 
to iia by Mr. Dennittoun, in liii " Memoirs of tlic Dulcca of UrbiBo;" * 
a wcirk bo ably written) and emhrscin^ within !t to many lopica, that k 
will iitiercil alike the ataleiniBTi and tlic aaldicr, the arttlt and the 
Bcholsr. the moat rigid Romaniat, nnd the nc^chur«li Diwcnter : all will 
find abundant itiatt^-r in its page* for contemfvlalion, for edification and 
amusement. Nccefsarily, however, as it would •eein,"bclla, horrida 
bella," must form ihu main aubjoct, and th« larger portion of the hittoty 
of Urlina &i of the hiBtory of every other of the Italian Stales in 
modiicval limca; and warn with all the worst eocompanitnents of wars, 
with honors and ntrociti<», treacheries, nnd a««nssi nation* «S a kind and in 
a numb<^^ that could not probably be paralleled in the hititoty ofany otiwr 
people on the earlli. And suHcncd down, as all the detail* ore in these 
volume*, and abridged to tho titmotl that is poaiiblo, yet In the narrative 
of tlie Urbinn conlosls with the two popes, Alexander VI. and Leo X^ 
wc linre a liiatnry that is one of the mo«l painful to read, from t))e 
boMneia and the cruelty, the ingratitude, the blocdthirttinosi, and the 
almost auperhuman ntckcdneaa that it displays in tlie chief acton in 
Ihote turbulent times. From the manner in which Mr, Uonnittoun treats 
these ni»tt4!rs, it is very evident he delights not in war. and sees no 
especial glory in the sluuglitcr and ej)prf8Kion uf the defcnoalen by the 
Strong ann of military power; and us all the wars with which he had 
to do in connection with his main subject, had their origin in the very 
worst piMniont of the mo4t sinful nmong men, and wcro begun and 
carriitd on and ended by means the niD»t dishonauiable, revolting, or cto* 
temptiblo, wo have, in consequence, no glowing deseriplimis from his 
pen of the tented or Uie battlefield — of the tbock of urmks — of the 

' BInnoir* of the Diikm trt Urbinn, iilua(f>linK lli« j\rni» mnil Arta asd Uicn- 
lixm al Italy, frum 1440 lo liSSO. By Jaon DBniii»toiin, of Deiuilsloua. 3 Vol*. 
Ijongmiin mid Co. I-ondun. 

iintegies and taclks of the eocnmnden — of llie vuloiir of the com- 
baianti. Th««e oombatanta wen iii Ken«nl «ctuat«d by inotiru too 
vOe to allow ofj^lory bcinj^ ntUchcd to the victori** they might tvin, and 
the dlin thcT m^t ilorm ; and the writef is not a iitnn to give a falso 
' «>)ftunn|[ to de«da wh!c)i his pen at linies rofuftct aitof^tlier to describe, 
■md in autay «it» to do more thnn vcrv ^ncnJIy allude to. 

His delist if to <lelail the triumph of art and the pro^si of litera- 
lore in ItaJy gf-Demlly, and in Urbitto vspwiallv, during the GAeentti 
and two (olIowiDg centuriea ; and much valuablu infonnntioii ii, in c«n- 
•eqiienee, aflbrded im upon Iheie matten in lb«se page*, and it is jpven 
to lu in a mwinrt that <-iihoncca iti valuo from the cIcDmcn and civpince 
of the deacriptiont. Tticrc h one tViiig, however, we are almost iridincd 
to ftfivt in connection with thew Tolunivt, Ltiat their author should have 
■nsBa ao many of lii> own obMrmtioimr luid (uppFMoed lu moii^ of hi* 
ihooghla upon art and reli)p«u« painting, in cona«([ucnco nftlio iinlooked- 
fat appoorancv, in print, of Lord Lindn^v'i " Hitlory uf C^iri»ttun Art." 
Aa a keen and elcm ohservrr, and a rloite uad dear reanoner upon thl^ 
profTMa of art cencnjly — tipon iU dawn, its midday glory and inline — 
we could nuC but have been giatifted aixl (aught •ctiidthin;; t>y ihc 
many note* he had made upon theae tubject*; etpecially aa tliey lonned 
oriipflally tlM mwn lubjact* of his work, and were the lint ocnuion 
of it. 

That tlu.' duke* of Urbino were worthy of an able and impartial his> 
toran b vcnr evident ; and that they would haro advanced the artf, and 
enoouiafed leaning to ibe utmott, liad lh<.>y be<tn unmoWted, is unque«- 
tioDabI«: but tb* envy of naighboura the machinatium of enemies, the 
iii^ntilufk of Inenda, and, fiir above ail, the nepoUsni, and all-cmEping 
tOTetnaiaf arHnw af the pop««, lefl th«tn but liitio kicuiv for ppnroful 
oecopattono, or, indeed, at times, lor aught cIik, than to eensider by what 
tneaiM tbey could prcKrve thonudrea m»iitlieaft-tbR«lcncd(li:structii>ii. 

Amonv th«ir rnnnies might bo elaMMl in the front rank, from their 
fermitlabfe power, from the Tirulene« of their pL-reoeulion, and from their 
tnitrderou* intentions, the Fopc. Alexander VI., and liii too cek-bnited 
■on, Ctetar EorKia, who would undaubt«dly have annihilated the whole 
fiunly, root and branch, could tbey,by any artifice or fnrce. have obtained 
maeanonof their ptrsoiia. Nor, in tubsx^ucnt years, did llicy find a 
leas mereifnl. or a leu perseeuling adversary in l.eo X.. who, foi^fiil of 
all the kindneatt and hospitality, and asustancr, that (he Medici tmiily, 
in their Jong season of adversity, hud received from tli« Uibina dukes, 
•ant, without the least provocation or excuse, a hostile foreo into their 
tcrritorira, which drorc tbrm tuddenly from their homes, and from all 
their pOMesiions, and sent tliem wandererera into the world, houseless, 
|M>nnile««, and exeommunieat^. 

This was all done in furthemnce of the policy of tli« popes in thoea 

iJays, to provide large territorial poateoiiong lor their nephews and their 

■ocn ; to inaka their bouse* ducal or princely ; to miut them, in fact, to 

independent sorasngntles, and to apportion the whole of Ilaly, from tlie 

Alp» »■> CalBbrfi,to tbcir several dynoaties. Bui to do this it was 

"•**.'f*'J* '" '^* 'i'K place, to ditpottoM, by (t* Mrong hand, Ihe 

families who already hod posaesiion of the coveted powemaonB ; and it 

was in tbn attempt (o do this that tl>c dogs of war, fierre and nrmorsolew 

" ***■"*' ^''^ condotlieri ai>d their ruthless mcrcemuies, were let looao 

Bl vartaus i;^,^ „_^n (^^ ^at* of CrbJno, to subjiigale or devastate it. 


Tbi Amecn of Beiude w«k lli« fint an<l (lie bat victims oF (hat un- 
hippy ]>olicy vhirU butitd thouiRin<lK <>r mm, an4 millionn of money, in 
l)i« deep dmlei of Ar^tsitiitfln. Oti llie injuMico trbith Lord Aucfclanj 
iiulialeOi Loid EUenboroujjli mI th« luil of conftummalion. Th<> one 
«»Ub)i*h««l the principUi that the luddcw Talpoor ru\vn vfcm tliMiccforth 
U> r«ign only by the tulfcnflee of th« Urili^ ; tho oiIiot d«cn>«<! lluit 
Mflenuioe to be at an end. and MaverUd Lower Scinde into a Brilith 
pTovino*. The Whig Gor<irnor-0«naral nquirtd tbo use of tite Amwn* 
country, uid set ttideexblii^ Inntioa, thatthv Army of the Indus might 
pomde through it on ita «niy to Candabar. Tlu> Ame*n' mon«'y waa 
WBUU-d too ; and it wa« mcrcilenly oxtmtd frocn thcni. He uKd the 
counlrr as ihimsli it were his own for Mme yeara; and then hii tue- 
MMOT took it n-umy rroiii tiicin. Tho Tory Oovwniw-Ocnefal occupied 
8cind« becauM it •nus cDriv<.-nicnl to witbdmw from Afghnniitan. Then 
is an old atory of a noblemmi «ho had amed a dependent, and who ntat 
day taw tbo very iimui he had beaun chaatiiing a poorer croature than 
hitnsclf, *" Vour Lordehiji and 1 know whom to beat," was tlic ansnrtr 
he rceeiTcd when he congnilulatcd the fellow on Sis scceta of cowage. 
•> Your Lordship and I know whom to beat." might bars been laid to 
Lord EIWnbonniRh by the conqueror of Scindi.-. Tho oflvnce of tll« 
AiMCR was Uicir wei^esi. They won> wnak, niid thcrofnra tlioy were 
cbaitEaed. Lord Ellenbarough onJored a medal to bo stracic bearing the 
words " Pax Asin reatitutai " and fbrtltwith he bogaii to naake war upon 
the Amcen of Scicde. 

Sir Charles Napier fought the tattles oF Mccaneo and l>ubba. V«y 
wrll ht fuught them too. Hi* troops nobly responded to the dmh- 
ine galtaniry of Iho " denl'a brother/ as the Koneral was emphatioally 
caiM by the natives of those parts; and die Amc^.n were boatsn in the 
field. If the gmeiosity of the victor had been equal lo hia gallantry, 
this wotild have b«CR a pleasanter pngo of history. Sir Charles Napier 
tnsull«d his fallen enemies ; he slnick thcon wltcn th«y were tktwn. 

Tbo Anieen of Sinnde were sent prisoners to Calcutta. A stroke of 
Lord BllenberougVB pen oonvertod their country inta a Britiifa province ; 
and the conqueror bceame the adminietrator. Sit Charles Nafqcr, as the , 
finit fc-oremof of Sdnde, entered upon hit new duties yrilh chantcterislHr j 
Mictg>-; he was not a man to go to slwp in llu- gunrd-room after Iha, 
anns l>ad Wen piled. He hod a rough metliod of trwitnient lor the oosi*] 

Iqucrt^ i^cindians ; but though they fcarodi they did not seem to liBt» ] 
him. They reapectMl him because he mu a soldier and a conqueror, | 
■ad .they understood his rugged wnyk A more nnliacd ruler would,J 
perbapSi have been Ice* appreciated. Sir Charles Napier did not row 
like a sucking dove, but Spoke out tn tlie true lion's voice ; and we art] 
^r from layiag thiii ho did not speak wisely md well. 

Hut th4i old proverb tbitt making m ailk purs* out of a sow's cut] 
u^mn, in tltU placo, to have niuuual force of ai^ieation. It was not in 
tho power of all tbo Napiers — aod there is rtot, in snie of their eeeen- 
tricitiaa, a finer fiunily m the worid — to make anyining out of Sonde 
'•lit a most Untia]>py Valley. Kven the graphie pen of the author of tho 


" Rtiu»7 of tin Peninmlnr War" cmmol corer its andy dewKn with 
vcHuTV. Mr riotbe it* inhospitable racks witfi tlic gnrmntts of ]>lent««iw 
nM> uid npoor. 

There ii. indeMi, n« nore Ciitting commentary on ihe CDii()tH>iit or Sc'mdn 
than that which Sir WUIiam Naffer, in htn ivKnt notk on ttt Ailtiiinit- 
tntion,* hm iiiprlii>(l m tlw iih«pr of som« nuie lithograph* whkli illus- 
tntff iheachiernnentiiof hiibrolhfrCliSTle*- It must bean " Unltappy 
V^le;," t]M)<>e«l, to abound !a luch spots as tfaew. It is, «* Lioatrasnt 
Barton cmphnlicntly dcocribr* il, "a f^Inrinf; wiwlr, with »i»iUe 09 well lu 
palptbic beat playing oi-er iu dirty jellnw ituriiii:*-''* Th« nstiTcs them- 
selvM Bptak ot it in still 1cm Ratterne terms. It is said that thcjr vrondtr 
w)iy the Ahntghty, having made Smdc, should bvic committed uidi a 
won of supererogation oi the creation of ancther pUeo not mcntiomble 
U «a» polite. 

In audi ■ Taflarui as this, it inta only fitting thnt the SfiaHan-ltif 
6hMi, or Satan'a brotbtr, should rul« supreina. Th« Kcindinns icam to 
hara neogmsed the fitncu of the aModafion; and to linvp nibinitln) to 
their new AieC " AH Sdi>d«," he said lo them, '* now helon]^ to my 
Qtwen, md ire an henceforth fcUim-nilJccts; tut 1 am heretodo juKtJcp. 
and if, nAcr tliis voluntary iRifcmtin«n, any of yoii rob or plunder, I will 
match into your country and destroy the offender and hii tribe. Chiefs ! 
yon all Icnow I won t^a baltlcx vhttx I had only 5,0U0 men ; I have 
noir 15,000; aiu) 100,000 more v.'ill come at my enll ; you vill bcKtrrc, 
therafbre^ that Una ii nit an empty threat ; bat let peaoe ba batwocn na. 
I glva back to all Uieir jngheen ; and what I hey poisMwd imdar the 
Anieen." " That," says Sir William Nopier, " ihcy all cmd out, ' You 
■re oar Kinr t What you say ia true — let it be so ! Vi't are yoQf 
ibrei r " Thn mode of treatment HQited thi> new Bubjects. which Lord 
EDcnborougli had bcntowod upon Qtiecn Victoria. And when the con- 
queror pave u parly of the cliiefB a specimen ot" British military discipline 
and ikill, in the ahap* of a revii»w of iitfmitry and artill" ry. they were 
amaxcd at the ■ttadtti«« and solidity of tliL' one, and ih* adniirablf prue- 
tica of the Other; and cried out, "Oh, I'adshah fpcat Kinp). you are 
tauter of the world ! " •■ Then," saya Sir William Nnpier. " Ihi- fJerieml 
«ms satisfied that fear and content as to their futum cnn'litirm would 
bcp them true, uolesa ercnts very unbvourablc to the Pntiiili tiupMinaey 
riMMld Biiffr to awaken other thoii^hta.'* Thti union of fear and content 
may sound ominously in English ears. But no nn«s who has liv«d in 
Eaftem countries will see anyttiing utrange in th« combination. In a 
newly eon<iu«red country, ftar must always be the ereat element of 
qaieiMtKe. At Jmt the terror whith the ranqueror inspires t< of an 
actife and abaolnte kind ; hot in time it eomai rather to aaauine the chn- 
raefev of a pasiive reeoftniiion of superior power, pli ysical and moral : and 
enntcnt, sonietimcs not altogL-thcr unlike stilU-n indiffl-rcnoc, com<!> to 
mingle largely with it. 

Tnat tlw personal chancier of Sir Charlea Napinr went some way lo 
T^veitbe resiMct ntidu'veofthe Ikrce tribes of SelnJ* and Bfloo. lii-tan 
is i»o( to be oenied. He was a man of unshaken nerves and unshrinking 

* IfisMiy ef Ueneral Sir CtisriM Nipm'ii AAminiitntion of Seiner, nii'l Cam- 
Bria ja ih* t^llrlieo Rill*, br Ueul.-(ien. »tr W. Napier, K.CII, rl>*|tmnn 

t lihils. or ihs rnhsfrpr Tsttsr. hy Rlclianl f. CiiRoii, lilsiiL Bomhay Army. 
DcnUsf, ICil. 


courage ; and there was Botnethlng real in hii personality in war and 
peac«j which his enemiefl well understood. He was not a mere name, an 
tinseen director of the springs and wires ; but a personal presence familiar 
to their eyes. There is something in such an anecdote as the following, 
told by Sir William Napier, which, although it might be matched in 
the personal history of many a lesser man, is not to be read without in 
admiring interest. " An Indian sword-player," says the historian, " de- 
clared at a great public festival that he could cleave a small lime lud on 
a man's pahn without injury to the member, and the general extended 
Us li^t hand for the trial. The sword-player awed by his rank was 
reluctant and cut the fruit horizontally. Being urged to fulfil his boast 
he examined the palmt and said it was not one to be experimented upon 
with safety, and refiised to proeeed. The General then extended his left 
hand, which was admitted to be suitable in form, yet the Indian still de- 
clined the trial, and when pressed twice waved his thin keen-edged blade 
as if to strike, and twice withheld the blow, declaring be was uncertain 
of success. Kinally, he was forced to make trial, and the lime fell 
open clearly divided. The edge of the sword had just marked its passage 
over the skin without drawing a dmp of blood." Many a private soldier, 
doubtless, would have willingly stood thb test ; but such an act of personal 
courage in a great general exalts him vastly in the eyes of the rude war- 
riors of a barbarous country, and makes them regard him with supersti- 
tious awe and reverence. It is readily appreciable even by the meanest 
understandings ; whilst acts of the highest moral courage are often feebly 
comprehended ifnot wholly misunderstood. 

On tlie whole, therefore, we are not unwilling to admit that Sir 
Charles Napier was very much the sort of man to govern with good 
effect this newly conquered tract of country. The measures which he 
adopted for the regeneration of Scinde were, in themselves, such as would 
probably have occurred to and been brought into operation by any civil 
administrator ; but the modut operandi was peculiar to himself. It was 
peremptory and decisive. He would take no denial. Clearly and forci- 
bly he made his determinations known, and it was of no use to resist his 
decrees. It was a word and a blow with him. His orders were dis- 
obeyed and the recusant chief was at once a prisoner. " In Scinde still," 
says Lieutenant Burton, " as in England whilome, if you do not occa- 
rionally shake the bit in the animal's mouUi, and administer a severe 
twitch or two to remind him that he has a master, he is sorely apt to 
ibrget the fact, or to remember it with the intention of changing places 
with that master the first opportunity that presents itself." 

The Scindians, indeed, according to this writer — one of the most agree- 
able of his class, whose volumes overflow with animal spirits, and are as 
fi«ah and racy as though they were devoted to the description of a Para- 
dise, and not of an arid waste — want a deal of good govemment, not 
merely to keep them down in, but to keep them up to, their proper place. 
They have been miserably oppressed by their Beloochee masters ; and it 
is the oft-repeated boast of Sir William Napier, that his brother strove 
incessantly to rescue the poorer classes of the population from the oppres- 
sion of their feudal chiefs. He abolished slavery throughout Scinde ; and 
he forcibly disposaesaed them of the old-fashioned notion that men are 
privileged to kill their wives at discretion. 

But whether he altogether fulfilled the magnificent boast of Sir William 
Napier's peroration, some historians perhaps may not be inclined to 



Mhait witliout (tint and ijiuliliculion. " He liaiJ round tScindi-," lays 
Xhm Imlcniil paotKyrut, " groiiaing under tyranny ; hv left il n con- 
italnl ttiough subdued province of India, nvvMrted by surrounding 
iiatioas aod tribe*. \*lii«lt Ite tiad laug)it to confide to Eiiglisli honour, 
■Dd to Ucmblo at Englu)) military provros os th« cinaDation or a deity. 
He fotiai it poor and in ilavory, he Wfl it without a alnvc, relieved 
6md whoiksale robbery and wholetal« murder, wild an iacreaaiug popu- 
Utinit on extended and cxtciidint! ngriculturc, and abundance of food 
poduced by tlvc willing indiiitry of ind«[iondent labour*. He k-ft it 
alM with an vnlarged eonunem, a reviring Internal trafRc, expaodiog 
lOWDt, mtOfcd handkraftsmcD, mitijiotM taxation, a great a-vcnuc, an 
MOONUCml adminiitLmtian, and a reformed tocial lyitem ; with an 
anhlgcd and improTine public spirit, and a gr«at ro«d opened for future 
fnapeiity. Hv hod, in fine, iDund a diridcd population, miwry and 
Ktvitude on the one hand, and on the other, a barboroui domination — 
crime aod croclty, Imh and distress, everywhere prnTniling. Ho \tsCi a 
united, n!gciicraudp«9ple rejoicbgin a riniig civilizalioi), tha worli of hii 
banefieent geniioL* Some allommco must newsaarily be made fur the 
taatdtj tmpultes of the fraternal htitorisn. Cut, on tho vrhole, wc arc 
willti^ to admit Uiat Sir Charlci Napier's " Adiiiinistnitimi " of ScLndc 
tama a much more creditable chapter of re«ent Indian history, than lus 
"Corniuot" of that unlioppy place. 

The volume b which the sdministrsttra achievements of Sir Charts 
Napiet are chronicled, like everything else that emanates from the pen 
of ibc htitorian of Iho " Penin»ular War," contains some forcible and 
^pltk writing. But it u, unfortuimtely, duligurvd by much bud fcej- 
iitj; and had lasl«> It i« hard to nay whcthur the text of Brollier 
William, or the iUuttratire letters of Brother Charles, which are copiously 

Juoted, oraOoxr vitb the greater amount of bitterness aguimt the 
'iiurl of Director* of Ihc Kant India Company, the Board of CoiiItuI, 
^Lord lUpoin), the Bombay Government, Major Outram, the Bombay 
Pmt,— nJI, in Act, who liud the misfortune to differ iu opinion from the 
conqumr «f Scind*. 

The book purports to be a history, but it bristles with tlie controversial 
asperities of a f«rty pamphlet. We could have forgiven un outburst of 
indignation, bowerer groundlr** we might coniiidcT the ciunplaint ; but 
when an Instoriao is omttHuaUy brealcinz out into personal invcctiTc, the 
cdftnce is anvthing but a vi-nal one ; il is intolmBble, indeed, and not to 
belbiigirrn. It isUtein the day now toHp open old sores. Wc hoped tlisU 
they had been cicatrized OTcr for eicr. But, lot us sco in what nannei 
the Napiers (till carry on Iho old war. Tlic following is &xiin Mie of 
the Mierm of Brother Charies, — 

" To the KcuiuB of lomo Govemon-Qencral, and tome military com- 
inondcn, ana to the eotittant bravery of the troops, lielongx all the 
greatncei ; to tho Courts of Uirection, designated by Lord Wwllealoy, as 
th> ' JiftK-mtHtoiu tyranU of the i^et,' Sl\ the meaiineas. Vet that 
Diieelen have been personally len honourable than other gentlemen, but 
that they are always in n falae potilion, oa nuidiaitts nmng a vatt and 
distant empire toldy for iJkir private advanlagt* 

^ No uMti ever sens to be a Director fTora mere patriotism, or thirst for 
■nilitary ^ry, imaocotnpanicd by pecuniary profit ; and bcnec, when the 
Court dou s«nd out a Govemor-Oeneral of i;icat mind, which is nut uftcu 
or wUKngly done, it treaU him as if be were unworthy to potieta power 


at all. ThU It ailarnl. Their o)>jecU are not atihc. Hii will be t_ _ 
nelfare, th« ■ji^ndiKtncnt, tho unit; ofa liundretl and twenty million* 
of pectple ixmimiued to ht( char^ ; their'* thn obtaining all po«tiil4a - 
profit from Uiu labour of the people. If the fiafcty of ihdr empire de- . 
mtndi a war. the Sirecton object, not as it inflicti roifory, iui^ Iracii^ 
ptrtonaUg a Imeflenvrt o/poietr, lArtf dread lot* of' projit. This ft«ting 
Iwu always led them to quarrel with ilwir best Govemon-Ocncral. The 
[DcrcHant, uuable to diiliiiguiah wan Trom Mlf-prc8cn-\-etion and eoniueil, 
objiKta to boih, as l<!S)cning inuncilialc gain, and it must be adnuUed) 
that ill Indiu, the fonuei Itai alnays involved the latter. Tlic mercantile 
spirit wtakcnt, if it doe* not altogetlicr cxcludo noblo Mntimcnta, and 
the Utrocton have alway* regarded their »niiit:<i with a »ini8l« look." 

We confou that tberv is a great deal of this which we very imper- 
feetly compnlwod, and tliwefore. perhaps, wo are haidly In n pontion 
brly to criticice it. How th* Dirccton vf the Kukl Indift Compsny 
govern India, "lolcly for tlidr private advantage," vre do not distinctly^ 
tte, TiW doca it appear very clearly to ua in vi-Jial rmpcct tlic poutioB 
of a GovetDOf-QtiieraJ, as dialiuuiiiihed front that of an East-India Dire^ 
tor, ii surrounded with such u Iialo of patriattmi and diKinterettediiew. 
Apart ftom the patronage vrliidg botlt lar^gvly [■<»>(:««, the privat« profit 
9f the Itast India Diroctor amount* to the mo^ificcnt lum of £.100 a 
year ; that of theGovenior-OfiKTal to \\w wretched pittance of £2,!i,000 
|>wuiimim. Whcthi^ any mail uvlti to be a Ouvemor-Geneial "from 
mere palriottKnt." ne do not know, but wc never heard of one returniiig 
hia salary to the public treuMir^' ; mid wo arc ecrtiiin Ihet if any maiL 
should se«k the high office from " tljirst for rnlitaQ' glory." he is tha 
lost pcmon in tliv wwld who ou^il lo be sent to Iiidia> Tlunt for mili- 
tary glorj' is a very dangerous and reprdiensible thing. We on glad to 
think ii joe* not iiiHucTiw ilie Uirecton oftheKast. Indiu Company ; and 
wc earnestly hope it will ncrcr influence nnotlicr Govcnior-ficnciuL 

Again, wo do not clearly pweeive what Sir Charles Napier nuani. 
wlttn bo urguea that tho Director is more likely to be swayed by tonlil 
motives l>Gcauiic lie bus "yfmnali^ a brie/UnHre of poKtr^ We always 
thought that the Uirvctort uf the East India Company linve anyiliing but 
a l)n«f t«nuiv of power. Virtually they arc elected for life. If tWc bo 
one ohjcriion nion froquently than any other miscd aEainKt ll>^ personal 
conalitiition of the East India Company, it is that the Oireclon reuiaia 
individually too long lu powi^r. Kothing removi-a tlienn from oflico but 
death, or \on of pecuniary aualititatioii. A brief tenure of power i« a 
diaract^ristic of thi- rule of a Goremor-G enteral, not of an East India 
I>inwtur. Theru are Dirootors of the Vjai India Compeny who hara 
sate out half a score of Uovemors-ticncrol* 

It liardly appears, tlM)r<4brr, that cither the d(«iro of "pecuniary profit,'' 
or the kuowli-di^i? of his "brief tenure of power," it likely to be mucli 
Dorc operative for evil in a Uircctor than in a GoTcroor- General. Thcra ' 
U, loo, siiotlier v«ry important consideration, of which wo must not loss 
sight, wliMi we measure the comparative independence of external influ- 
cutoc in the IHrector and the Governor-General. The Governor-General 
has hi* pa-ty to MTvc; the Dirc-ctor is of no party. Indeed, it appears to { 
us, lliat none of the ordinary mduccjnetit* to sscnJico the welfare of tliA 
ptoplo for the take of fordid personal motives, whether of avarice or arobi- 
tioD, exist in the COM of the DirtclonofthcEost India Company. Whether' 
(liotrBUury of India be empty or full, the Directors draw their magnificent 


■ItdM, and giT? anay wiitenbipt and cndoHh^ Indeed, if the Di- 
nden were twayed by iniTe penoiisi inoliviw, ihej mMmii would 
" olnMrt to a trar," (or wax incruM* titv ftlnuafe, wfaicb ii* the real 
cnHlunMtut of officr. Ttiii more ofitctn that on killed in battle, Ih« 
mare n«w comiiUMioDS inutl U' luued ; or, in ollwr word*, tlio mora 
eadrtiliip tkcrr are 1« be given away hj tlw Uixector*. On tlie scot^ 
ifatKGiTe, of "pcncnal profit," the tcadvncici of the KaU Indiu ilouss 
«0«U ba latAor tftwaioi wwMnakiiig. A deficiency of revenue, occa> 
naned bj exliainting wars and unprofitable ramjuesl, however niuch !t 
nifty affect the imUtm of India, has no tflVct upon the " pcnonol profiti" 
aT the Dincton. TUut tlwy liave alwnya ict ihdr fuou againit ex- 
lauitiug wan and tin|>(olitaUe conquests is true. It is the glor; of the 
BmL India Compaoj, that tlio doveloiniienl of the retourcea of the 
CMDtiy, and the amelioration of the condition of the pMple, have alwaj~8 
been their objects rather than t)i« subjv^atioo of native slsCce, and the 
acqiuiitiijn of new imnc^palitiea. 

As for the ctatetnail that the East India Company have alwayi 
n(^«d tbctr artniM with « »iniitcr look^ it is ainnply ridiculous wh«n 
wt cooie u loaiidcr that the Company's anny is the beit-paid and beat- 
pamwMMd army in tlie world. We have no doubt ihnt maiiy otficera of 
th* QoMm*! Senioe with that her Majesty would look at the Royal 
Aimjr in llic lainc sinicter wny> 

There ie an imni«ns« deal, nil in this aome style of vituperation, in all 
parts of the volume. Poor Lonj Itipon, for example, cames in ior rooro 
than his fail iliaie of Napierian bitterness. Sir William Napier is very 
indifbant brcsuke the hmi of Control did not foiily apprccia'e Sir 
Chulc* N'apirr's Hill OampAign, and fomrhow or other Ibi^l to pubUsh 
the ajiiiinialrator's despalches. " A day, an hour of the dangers and 
GU^ues of that eainpsign would hsvu rendered his memory- Icm tfeaclier- 
ous, hit luxurious existtoce more noble ; it would have liimiahed at ftatt 
one ^mtufit ^kii paUic Ij/i trnmarM tjf puUie dtrmwi orpnUir. iad^ 
M^MK." This b not pluisant reading in a. work calling itself a history ; 
and iherv is, uitlisppily, only too much more of tlio same kind. But on« 
more saiitple will suflicv : — 

"And now," writes Sir William Napier, " hafpenod an event sur- 
)>riung to all F«rtic« but the man aflbctcd by it, aa event which rei)d<:rcd 
Sir Cbarlea Napiet'a afler camr one uf ioettaant, thankless labour, 
vrilboul adequate Iretdoni of action. Lord Blleuborough wo* suddenly 
rvcalWi not unexpectedly to himself, because b« knew his fjovcmmeut 
bad onuicd all tke/ear* and batreJ tif Ihe jMin^ Indian mnllitudt, and 
«// tit ^trc* nr/Mtittn /^ lit liireclur* t but to rt^Secting men it diJ 
appear foul and stnuigc, that ho who repaired the teiribtc dliiaslei of 
Caubut ibould be eonlempttioiuly rvrnLtlitl by those whoiw empire he had 
prescrr^d : that Erglsml and India Uiuuld be deprived of an ubio 
guvcmor at a terrible criNS, whidi nciuly proved ^tul, to gratify M< 
tfUrn i/rNM inc«pailt t^aturiotimt, and smtita in thtir on^ir." 

Cotltrovuny may toko tlib view of tie ca»o ; history never will. W« 
4» DDt lind it let down in history that Lord Ellciiboroug^ repaired the 
tairtUe disaster of Caubul. Tlic terrible Httniter of Caubul n-as repaired 
Vy Oenoals Pollotk and Nott, whu took upon themselves the rtapouii- 
Wilv of odvancing upon the capilal of Afghiinintan mrfer o sort of im- 
plied pcniuiaion Erom Lord EJIenborough, their coiislructiuu of which, 
l»d the oporatioiu fuiUd, v<m\A hnvi: rc«wilcd t^nibly upoti Ihciii. All 


Um » i«itcnt in puWished Blue Books. Wlial Lord Ellenborotigh wrol« 
iajOMicrali. I'olloek and Nott lion long been btforo Ihc world. If tb« 
l«u«n £m|>in> were pnoMrTcd by ihe reoccupution of CbuIhiI in 18*2, it 
H iwt «»»y to perceive Iiow n Governor-general, who mn [continimlly 
|nNitc«ting sgaintt lliat movement, and recommending the withdrawal of 
the troops frgm (heir sdv&need {•osilions, can claim credit Tot its prwet- 
vfttion. Lwd EllenWough would have " rcpain-d the tcrribic diuutor of 
Caubu] " by brltiring «veiy taUin in Afghatii»liin Iwwk to lh« Britiib 

Wliot ibc "terrible criBii" wii», vrhieh "nearly proved fiital" wc do 
not very dwlinrtly know. If Sir W. Nniiicr iiUude* to the Sikh inva- 
•wn. whie!i oreorrwi a year and a half after Lord EIlenborouj;!i'» depar- 
ture frwii India, it is not very perceptible that the safety of the empire 
wa* cndangi:!!^ by the inili»titiition of th« »oldicr-iilatcnnBn Hiudingc for 
tlw; civiliun whom the Coinpoiiy retailed. Tiie tyiniwthicH of the N»pMr« 
■TO genemlly tuppued to set in strongly towards military govemun. It 
U hsrd to uy wtmt mtglit have hern Ihc tx^ult of Uiv Silch invasion 
of 1442-46, if Sir licnry Hardinco had not bocn on tho bonkt of tho 

We am never bring ouraeIv«i to behove t!uit tho Bufety of the Indian 

tRrnpiro waa jeopanlizcd by the tulistitutioa of a 1 1snlinge for on Elleii- 
borough. There is an indiuinctnoi, howevr, about all this which seems 
to bftfltc crittciun ; but when •ooti afUrwarda we are told, on tUi- uutho- 
rity of Sir Chailci Napier, that " To i-xpend iniltioiit in producing; I>loo(l- 
kh«d it prefbroblo in llie eye* of Ibe Court of Direetori to sanng indu. 
and tite prevention of bloodsbed," vre hardly knovr in what knpufP^ 
short «r tho Napiorian BillinfriKstc itwU^ to dcaignatv the audacity of 
•uch a statement. It is stibUnicly imposed to the truth. An unwilling- 
noss to make war u one of the nccusationi which the Najners (hcin»clvc< 
brini; against the Court of Directors ; and if tiieru waa «v«r a vnir of 
which the Court heartily disapproved, it was tlie very one to which alio- 
sion is hero mad^— the War in A^hanistan. But the rccklcasnaatorsudi 
MatomenU «s the*o carries its own antidote with it. Sir WtlHain 
Napier's hook will not injure tlie re]iutalion of the Eail India Coiii]>any ; 
but it cannot fail to danu^ \m own. On this uccouiU its |>ublicution ia 
to be regretted. Tbc reputation of the historian of the " Peninsular War" 
11 dvat to vtery friend of litvratuiv; and it u peinful to see the owuerof 
« gr«at uaitie pertinaciously writing it down. 



A TRUK aToar. 

TbB Ulowing wcll-sutbenticttte<l tlvry, it ia bvlierei), lins nerer 
yrt appeared In Eogloli. It is almcMt n litMnl trmiiilation of n wcirk 
jiublnbHl in 8p«nUb a few jetn sine?, and noir larely tu be met 

Ik tli« latter part of tiie yvar 1834, there resided in Tnngirr, o Jew, 
Haim lliichue). who vuniluyed tiimwlr, an nvU lu bi> wife, SlinU, in 
cgnnercUl pur»uiu- Tbey Iiud two cbiltlrvn; ibv cldcM, Vaaju, 
fbllm^c^ th« tniilv of lit» fulJicr ; \hv second mix r i)au};bter. So], vrha 
hw! juit c(itii)i1trtcd her seririiieciitb tc'T, and wliuse rurt- aticl xiirpoM- 
ing Innuity w-^n llir ailmirniiim of iill trliu it»\v bvr. Tbuu^b Forttine 
liiTubrd not hrr tmilrs on Knitn Iluchud, be lacked not llie meani of 
living us eunrATt with his mnoU fntnily, by hi« own and Simla's unas- 
•iatvd aAuna, ibe lutler taking cbarg« not only of tlie educntivn of 
kcr (laDKbter, but uf tbc whole munngvnicnt of tbu dinne-ntii- utfairg, 
Bod Ftrn thir cummon work uf the bomtu. The corvful uintlii-r, bowr- 
»v*r, prwidrd tbat bi-r dtiutfbtt-r'K cinpliiyni(.'tit)i idiould hr. limited U 
nuich u pouiVIc to bouwbvld am, mi tliat tbc vnlirc airanr;eiiicat of 
tlivn arudually dt?vulT«d on the fair Sol, lu ttiv f^rvw u|>. 

In Uio varlieJ ycjiv of tbv young Jcw<.>m's lifv, oho (iibmiltn) pas- 
■iv«ly vnongb lo the mtraini iniposed upva ber by ber mutlicr, nnd 
w-asnJinirtt alwrays to be found bu*ii-il in ibu toils Niiilt-d luher&t^X, 
but lu abe advanced towurds wontanliood, the tastua onil puuiooK 
natural tu brr ace beffao to deTdo;iv tlii^miclve!!, and the luvvly Sol, 
bro.>tning coOKWua uf tbv many cbarniM with which Natun- hnd cii' 
duwMl ber.cbafed at the rigour of ber seclusion, Her irotlier, hither to 
li«r ckief Bod only frieodi iioit <k#uinl it pruileat to aHiiinic tuwards 
lb« yenne tnaidrii a ocrvrity of dcmeanuur, which lO cxni^pc rated her, 
thaliOOt findint; within her liume those innoceat recreationii &uit:ihlL> lo 
ber a^, and whit:!) bcr bt-url ao gteutly di-ured, »!>(.■ wsl* tempted to 
kfck abmad fvr tyinpathy and purlidpuiion in bcr grii-fs. 

Near tbe dwelling of llachuel lived n Slooriiih woman, by niuno 
Xalirj illcsniuili. With thin nvrson tliv young Jvttrowi formed an 
ae^uaintiuicc, which tooa grvw into ftieiidship. tlvt tnother occosiou- 
all; are ber penniesioD to Tiail her; and on tbewoccuions she would 
ipend tbe time in relatitiff domestic oocnrrcncc*,— ^nd at other tin>e«> 
pluiling her inother'i vi^tUnt rye, *hv woalil ttlip out of tbe houav tu 
impart her wiitdwi toTnhra, and receiro her sympathy . Sinilu i*ndeu- 
VfHired on more than one ii«cii&iao to chitclc tli« groviiiig intimacy of the 
(uang ^ttt with tbeir .Mnhorovtun ncigbtraur ; bat, little nhlc to forcM-c 
lU deplorable nMuIti) and Mcure in her daughter's conAilvnce, abe 
wan unwilling tn dvpHvo her altogotbor of thin slight indi]l|^n«>. In 
tlii« atatr. ikt-rvfore, tbinp mmaiaed for aubilir, Sol taking a rcductunt 
p^t in thf Uboant allotl«d ii> her by her uiolber, and but rurcly up- 
[M-uring in the ativcta, tliun];li ivhi-ti ahc did w, her ttitputing cbarnia 

* Bt UatUito ila U Jwrw llachiul. or la lleroioa llebre«. ror D. K. M. 
Iboero, liaf 



ptincJ lier ttie bomngc of cruwds of admiren. ivlm tboaght ibemmJi 
tinppy in obuiniag even n puiaiiig Mgljt uf ilib prudigy uf Naiur __ 
M-urk, UMiiilly sfcliidod rrum nil vyv» but ihme of llio iirmiil and hQ|ip]r 
• ntliuTt of lier exUtence* Dul, IwweTvr the liigh tipirit of tiitr vn- 
cbantiiia; Hi)\ rclielled agaioU tor fa{e, deeply Miid viuU-ntl)' as ah»i 
TV%tritWi her boitilu]^, no munnur evvr i'*cb[H-u Iirr lips, slid liirr falM 
DM^Iibour was tlie otily cunfid<;nt of Ler iMirrow; siid already (to 
rariuuH ari; the diacui>«s of >«fiiiing frivnilslii]>) wen now did T>hr» 
nK^litiitf a [irujixt iltnticed lu he tlir rnlii of itic fiiir Ji-wnt. 

AntongU titc Arubs, th(> ooBvenion i»f an iulidel (by whiob nunc 
they deugiiate all tbuw: nlio du not cunfurm to thrir crt^), in e«leeoiwl 
i>n Hctiati iu tbc bighv»t degree mmtoriuus. This oonqiir»t to tbfir 
fnith, tlier«furi>, tlwy mike wtiererer oo opjwTtanity it> open to them, 
by t)>« DiimA ilidiBCriiniiiaite aud uuscru|>uUiuii mi-nti*. Dcourding to tlie 
touching of tbt- AlcuraHt nbicb allows tbc lawfulnm of kII uii-unf, itiiU 
tlie iDDit nnbounded licence ia tbeir choice, for tbe attunineut of A 
Inwful object. Tikbrs. tbe Muuti failnl a»i. accnrdingly, in ber inter 
oounw nitb tbr youthful Sol, to extol, se it »civ incidfutully. tbc ex-' 
c<)U-iice of her relif[ian, tbe many adrantiigea enjoined by its iitllierenls, 
»iid tbe unboaikilvd *4t4,>ein a<r4r(ied by ibe true believers to those who 
imarBtrd to cnbraor it. But thi- lovely and iiinocvnt-iniiuled Jcwm, 
qttilc anguiMWBS of the maligusnt purpose of ber neijihbour, bvi'di-d 
DMW of htr czhortitMMis, but rather liiivm-d to tbem w ith a ile;:ree of 
T—Trfiitini Beii^ hertelf certain of hvr I'liitli, und feeling an cntliii- 
■iMtic iBtrrcflt iu thi; low uiiiler wliicli tbv \raa bgrn, sbe rc^.^rded 
■Wvly asan excenof ielit;iuuK sentimeut, the zeal wbkh proiiiptrd tbe 
Jtabomoiui to penciore in ihvtv encooiiiimn of her leligious tenets. 

The dawn glMnied f<jith one day amid a tltoiuand cluud», H-bich. 
bnUB in ibitk maM«« beluvr the aky, and covered it with au u|>Hqii«' 
and clauniy >oreen ; tbe mouniftil Iwittrnng of the irarblini; birda 
bcsfMike anxiety and iiliirni ; Uiv bourM; nibbing of the wiud tbrL-uteued 
dtMruction to tbn wuods ; the ilowert of Clie fit-Ida brgiiii to droop ; the 
nin witlidre^v biH light from the world beneath, and all seemed to 
»r««age a day of grief and biturness^-ftave iu tbe home ivhcre the fiiir 
Sol aroM, like onotber Circeirrom bur couch, und aolhcd forth, neemiiif; 
to temiM-r by ber viichantiiii; pri-sence the an^y fruwn« of the elcnietita 
williuiic. Ill tbc house of Iluclmel wuh n clioniber, nei apurt for di-vo- 
tional purp"»i,-is- Thither she directed htr earliest rtv|>s. biiTing jti— 
vinuKly (alter the niHnner of the Uebiews,) denmcd her hands from 
all im]turity. On quitting tbiii orutory, sbe occtipird hi-rnt'lf in tb4> 
various wurks of ihv boute ; but, as noon drew on, Iter mvtbirr, with 
her wonted luperitr, reproved bcr for not baring already compiL-ted 
her household taslc. Sol replied with a degree of warmth which 
Brouned the ang<-r of hrr inolher, tvbo nugrilv rt'prxMched and even 
Uireateiied hi-r with cha&tiseinent : when, in a f&tal moment, tbe young 
sirl, fearing lest shu should he Mourginl, nn with jirecipilation to tbc 
botuie of tbe iieigbbuur l^hrn for refuge. Throwing berM-lf into ibe 
arms of ber from whom )>he expected wtae alleviation of her sorrow, 
tbe bnutiful So) a^ain and ngaiii UmpntMl the bardui-Mi uf )mt fate. 
Mid wished for deliverauci^' froni tbe ntitle of oppret&iun in nbicb she 
felt herself oTcnvbeliiied, beimyiog byhvr tear* und )>tofound Bgiliitioo 
tbe exeitcuieiit of her feeliiigii and the disorder of her imsginHlioii ; 
wl(iK> tbe crjfly Mdhoiiiftnn, iierc^iviiig ibe itiiiruiioti into nbicb bir 
mind wua thrown by tbe loiogliid feelings of rcM-iitnieiit luid grief to 



rbtcli the was priugwaj, liftt^ued with deligbttohercutitplaiuU. w-cll 
kiMwioft tb^t tlic Bioini>iiC wm bow At haud wheo klit: ulglit l)e«t 
[execute bcr )>Tuji-t:r 

" Mf iluu^ter," uitl tihe, " tliau art unhappy ouly bccauau tlioa 

wilt lie aa. Thy niotb«r cniUvus tlieir,iubd thf |i.uiiiiv(!ui-iu mcvln oa\y 

.villi banbhipa tml abxtsv. Tbv iici|^bour» and uccjuiLintaiice cani- 

ipMUMidte tbee; all art »C4iidiiluwd at iby maibiT's trealmuni, aiid 

bUtne ibcc fur tiot u.-clLing u rvmvdy fur tli)' igTrun-i, m-Iu-ii u is !» tliy 

poivct ta do w. S» moniiMit moru piopitiuu* tliAi) tliu prvA«nt coulj 

. oJTer Itadf to tliee ; I nill be tbf pTDteetur — I will be tliy friuud. Tu 

I my can vatnut lliy ulvation, and be cocnf^trtcd. Swt.'et Sul^ dust 

tkiiu not aad*.'(»ta»il me ? " 

" 1 dv BM understand yuu, T&bri." the lunoifful sirl refdivd. 
" Tbtrt can b« no »uffici*nt rcflxon wby I nhould witlidniw mii'iielf 
friiin tb« <.i>Htn>l uf my nuithcr ; yi;t, (li»u'>Ii it i» true that khe toanf- 
;tiinefc Kxild* tait nitb rown, at gtltfr uuil-h her aD^tcr a liindled 
'agujui me iritliaut uny caosv, or for thu mubt iriniti); ui^^Icct. 01 
weiw slw to inat me witb uiure kiitdoets, I ubouJd not bo %a 
ttabappy f 

" na|)e not, d«u' child," said tliv Afahuinetitn, " thut tliv Diotlior 
wiU treat tbe« belter tit &iiy future tiuiu than uvw. Stti- will KtcriUce 
iJmw, un tlu; o«ntr4ry, to tier cupricu uod funatieiiim. Dott thuu winh 
to be freed fiain hut \iovtxr tliit very day? Listvu, thru I Ufteii 
kul tbau hcud uf tbe excvlleiice of our relifpon- Enibracv tbu 
Moatkli f.utli ; out utf (by lr4iiiincU, und iiv free I " 

" AUi ! Tulini." replied tliv younj; Diaidt-ii, " Mhut a fuarful. what 
a hoffriklo propMition you inilc« niv ! Xuvur coitid [ Icurn to bv a true 
MjilKMBetaB. 1 Jiktvi) toy0u. Miid bear you KjiiMk, tt» tlictU);li I wcm iu 
a dream. I loi^ fur n^wrn ; let me enjoy it fur a while, 1 pray you." 
8uch waa the conversation bftwern thv two i'riundK. At it« clu«i>, 
the yvutliful Jewiaw dejiurted tu imvIc tin- ri?>t idie aoureatly jiwdt^d. 
IB a wUtiry ap^tuiirnt i niid the Mubouietuu fleWfWilD tJie B})ei-d of 
tbc wind, lo vxecuit* her meditated jMojeci. 

Tbe Kuairiiii (nivcrnor of Tangier, who exercitti;* both civil and 
niijtuy power, wiu at thi> time iVrlii Hiiit, u muii uf u ntem ntid 
ci(trJciout cbaractM. Tu him Tahri. the .Muur, n?p.ured, iwlicilitiij au 
kudieutc Sbr tald bim tluit ber home liud utTuidftl rufiift^ to a young 
inaidvn nf tliv llvbrvwii, who uaa fuirt-r tliuii thv ipriiifo "od urhuinihe 
Lad Ird by her Bl|iuueiil> to the xvr^v uf Aluhuuitddiiiaui ; but that 
■liucM abe renHialH.'iiMth her muf, iivr r«HoJutiiinB wuuld citrtainly 1m 
, fruitratvd by her motliur, bince tbo c«nti){uity of itivir aboilvi rendered 
CuiDtntiuioitioii !>u euiy, that it wuuld t>e iuijiuHiiblv to carry out the 
weak of contvr^ioii, or to uiiuul the iiinteriul influence. Thin uudueioutt 
diiuciiiblcr fiiiW BPt to enlur^o oo ihi- difiicully und iinptirtdiic« of her 
con^uoi, and the jjovernoi, ivitliuut fuither dtiiiur, witimanded a 
•oldier* to hriii{r|hi^ unhappy JewcHi lutu hixpreM^nct*. Thi^ thnnd«r> 
bolt tliat reuda tJie aity region, tr^velb not willi looro Cttai celerity 
than did lli« mandate uf the 3I<M>risb (juviroor. 

ffol HM yet UatefliuK to the iuiouuiioi.iDieiit of Tabnt Olaaraudi, 
wbcn, at i>n» and the outne ntumeut, enteral Siuil>i. deiiiandinit bor 
Irwt daughter, uid the aoldiirT bruriog the order of Arbi Kiid. Wonlti 
■re lUMKiual ti) depict the iccno tliut i-iuued. The iiiuovcnt Sol, ij;nu- 

* ni eoMra ateiniatnUon of jiuucp in Tangier m tMnuied iv iba vUiiary, 



ruit a» sbfl «nu of the wbolc plot, in vaiit viideitvuurvd to a 

MUM of this vbrupt and alnrniing ■uminant. Her motber, SimUr 

eqiuJIj ttnax«d, eniliraced her repcatrdly. nnd Miiglit by Uie raost 

SiaM)aniil« dforts to dotaia licr iu ber Brtns, froin ivlieiicc Ae \n» 
orced kwuy t>y tbe widin, iuipatk-nt tn fulfil liis mintioti — and tfaOK 
lie&rts, iievvf awte dcntiued to beiil one against tlie olbtfr, »rre tor ~ 
Miittder und M>naraled for crcr. Tiilin alonei th« fimatic-^l and r«cl 
leM Kluor, undctuoud tliu iiiyHtery. whiti; »!ic auumed tbe inna 
liiund ignunitice, Ii-aI Ikx )x«rticiMli»n in tlie net sliould bv susj 
and ill lhi> natnent oF Hii)*iiUb, ox in all u^-s of the worlc 
triiiui|>!i(;d vvvj tight and juniit'e- Tb« soldier ruughly diacns 
■jrtnH uf thv t»u tiiih4ii]iy Ucbrewrn, wblcb wvra cntwiQvd in raeb 
other, nnd held them apurt by main Rtivugtli : and the fair Sol |irc 
ber coral lips on tbii wet cheek of her mutber, Simla, and bnde ber 
last fiircwvll. 

" Alotber," >lie uid, " calm your lorroir. I know iiot tho riewi > 
the aarmtuit >n tbua summoniiig inv bcfurc bint, but can»cicnce 
tiir I havr nu cauiv for fcur. Truat, tlicn, in my innocenco, and think 
ii|)on my Iovl- till 1 reluru to your anna, inoocent and uaiiijurvd 
1 aovf Wre iheni." 

Thv iinputicDt threuta of tbe aoldiLT allowctl no move time fur th 
filial protestations. The victim wax curried off, and ber mother, 
following with her eyus tbe retreating Ktvps of het trvmUing daughter, 
wept, uiicon§iiled, si the pro»{>«ct of tho bitU'r fitlure. 

Wliirn Arbi Kiiid was unprized uf the arrival uf tbe lovely iirisom 
Ittf Dtdeied tbut «he shoDl<l be iit oncv bruufilit into his private hull 
audience.* He wiu, oil her entrance, «o cajitiv-jted by the sight 
her, that ftfeltiiUK arvftc in bis heart greailjr at variance nilh tbe ost- 
wicd gravity of liia demeanour. ^m 

" Enter,' wid be, "and diveat younelf uf uU (ear. I am he vvboi^| 
iu th« uunie uf ihe Prophet, will protect yuur rcKulutinn, and prvntole 
your happiiirift- The grvul Allah liui sent forth a ray fmni his 
transcendent light to win you to hit relif-iun, and to turn you from th« 
errOTx of y»ur own. This hour gives Lirtb to yi»iir bnppineM." 

The Ilebrcu- niuiden hi'Hid vvilb uinuKcinnit the words of the 
governor; imd witlwut removine her eyes from the ground, ulierc they 
bnd reniuiiied lixed ever since ner £nt entrance, abu preserved llid 
deepest sitciive- 

" Aoswereit thou not, bewitching Svl T' continued ArbJ Esid; 
" fair us tlie ilouris of the Prophet's PuiadiNe, canat ilwo n-fute 
vntbracv hit faith i What then have I beard from thy friend a 
neighbour TAhra. 

" You have bci-n diwMved, Hr," replied thi- Jeiceas ; " never did 
uxpreas such a wiali ; oercr did I yield to the entreaties and prop 
uf TfUira Aleantudi. 2 waa bom a Hebrew; nttd a Hebrew I de 
to die-" 

Theae worda, utlerod with inimitable aweetneia and modesty, so £ir 

■ III the nmal modo of ailmlulttertng Jiuilce In Tangier, the gor^mor aiu, wiij 
hi* wcretaries. in the portioo cd hit houM^ •urroimded b]r tli«i«lillen(wLuaci i 
{wlice, suit aro charged with tba exomtioB «f Uie gontna't iBsndaws), arnn. 
with iiwnrdt. Bint carrj-lnBtuvaa (n tMrhand*; «kik tlHaevbaai* tobotria 
iinttl in di« itnet iu fioni of iIib fito* owupied tij tbe eoTornur, to await jiid 
•DCiit. Ill lli« |>i'«u-iil t-«M\ linwevHr, mi sscaptitui wa> ina^ l<i ili« ucnenJ tm 
ilioi^vomnr r«cvirlii(( ihe young Jofcaa io lilt lancf ball ufauilieiiuc. 




fTotn niiinf; thr Bngn- of ibe gorernor, renilcrt^ Iiim cinlf tlie more 
anxious td Mnrett her ile rommaticled ttiat Tiilint, the Moitt, nhniild 
be brmuht into liix |ifVM?nce, (liut she ini|;iit rutjfy her <lcj)inilion i 
ftiiiJ. bfwr longi »iiv nrrivoJ, pcrfitlf (nil deceit depicted in ber couii- 
trtiaBa>. " Euter," nid j\rl»i £«d, " ami lecnpitulute, in tJi« pra««ii«e 
of llir prlMOffTt tb« inipartiiat dvpoution fou argtd upon mv tbU 
tnornii»(!." • 

" Sir," replied the fiibe witncu, "this yaaag Jvnes.K wlio twolc 
r^ftifKio my Uoiuc to cMdpe the rijtorous treatment of lirr nivtWr, 
declared tu me tbU tntiriiing Wi dnuiu of embracing otir rvli^on ; luiil 
it wai hy brr consent I cnvc tour ciccllencjr notice of this ttntnlu- 
tion, thnt yvH ini)Clit vxti'na yMir )imtection to her. lliii in what I 
aSrmrd, uid tbt* I now rpptvt. Doi-v uny mie tti'iiy it ? " 

" Vw, my TiUni!" exclunicd the Ivvdy Sol, with reiienirncc. 
" I c«nnat aceuw vou of any tr«ach»y, ytt tlie rery wonU you bring 
againrt tat ikvw tn*t you lurt* misuaiicntuixl my nirnning, and hi^nce 
tb« mifttalte which fa** eaUHd thi: imprudent sleji yoii tiuvo taken, 

Tfa« alTeciionjte «rordi of So) wvrc contnidiriFd by Tahm with a 
drgre« «f a*p«nty unil roughn^ut that eruelty woundiH) the g«DtIe Ii«jrt 
ofth^cnchanliii]' Jrirriis. 

" Hnrnrt thou all thb, Mubbom girl ? " said the Govi-niur to her. 
" By the depmllwn of this Moor you are convicted of n crimti that 
death itadf could uarce atono foT,wn you even on the initniit to 
retract, and embrace the truib." 

The eoDf«r«ne(c hvre duMd. Tiliro departed, and the itovcrnar 
Itinuclf conducted the fiir Sol to the apurtments of his wife and 
dBUghteT-in-lBW, on nhoin lie urged his uith that »I>e sbould be trcatcil 
vita the uiuiott kindnna, amj that nu piiinit might be iipured to uin 
erer ber heart. 

Ilefc Mm must for n nbile leare the afflicted Sol, to contemplate the 
atate in which her parents n-miiiiivd durtni: hrr iiUwncc. Her hajileaa 
nnther, u we hare related, ivotched her vriih anxious eyes till ahe 
had entered th« Gromaor'a jiaWe with the Mouriah (uldivr ; and, 
utterly unable to form a cunjvcturv ti tu the caiiKc of her siiddcn 
abdoeiioa. the hastened full of grief nnd oanatcrnatton to tititl ber 
hoalwid Hain. to whom she f;ave a scarcely coherent relation of ull 
that had occtincd. 

The ntdoished Hebrew broke forth into retiemvnt exchmiitions : in 
thia eoafoHoa of doubt and suHpiciun, Simla became the fimt abji!ct of 
hi* aof^r, and the frcoKied disordtrr of his gvBturea tbreuteocd ber 
with the DiDBt fjinl cooM-qtifDcra ; n deadly fear wised upoi) hisftirul* 
tica. and agiUted him weil-nigh to insanitT, and he sought a clue to 
the terriblo myalery in rain. Accom |>nii ied by Simla, be haitened tu 
the dweiliag of the artful T^ra, and put to her n thousand qucalioni, 
lo loaia of which ahe enaii^ly replied, whilv in antivrriiig others she 
aaaamrd a threvti-niiig and reckleas lone, which dlsdosMl tu Ilnim, 
mne portion of the truth. Fur an instunt he remained aJlent, then, 
kuminit with the miut rioletit rage, he gnupt>d the hand of bis wife, 
•mI nialMtd bock to their dvudate home in a state altin to that of the 
wnundfil prey of the hunter, seekiiifj; ita loreit lair. " You," kx- 
dnimcd l>e, fnutically, " you only arc the cause of this misfortuiw I 

* In iJw kartama* t«g<U«lian of tW Moon, iba t*yaim of one vlin» Uonn 
tfjiili ||ffo*i»4tmttcimt (ar|BulBf[*ral»uar dtathi an4in (amnlMlnif to th« 
I fchilDa ibi* i* MOM (r«<)'ienilT mrric^ ovi. 



Mf diogbtfr Sol, tbe dmf^rter vbote dgbt lJ)|bteDed m^ ctm, 
gKr« J0j to fsj' rxbteaee. Ood hem {f *<rcr wain il>p mil r«tai 
ni J amn ; tbi* Uoor, this T&hn Mc«m«di, tkia trvw^vroos and 
wne infidc], hu lurnird uide ber brxrt, and ^e bu tbnnrn ht 
tnta ibe trmntmels of impieTT : to gun a ttfac* frooi rmir rigoofl 
luu Mnigbt rtiiirfiln in tb* tigcr't breut. 

" AI]r danehWT, nj- dsogbur T' cried tbe afrigbted Siml*. " hi dm 
miM en» bebold a rain m grrtt V and «li^ frll MnMlcn into the ama : 
nf llatm Hacliuel. Thii« did tfanc- nnluppv parrats laawjit ibcir 
loBB, loeins >igtit of their sorrow oniv in ibff rafn Mpt d( dtrtilng amie 
plan for the ulration t>f tbfif dauetitrr. 

Tbe [irisoner remained in tbe r«siil«Dce of tbe fjoTeraor, ■urratmdfd 
by ita female inhabitant*, and tbe womes of tbe highest rank residhlf; 
in ibe place,— all Tying mtb noe another to HaEnIe tbe fiiir Jema by 
Kboning her the riebe« and tbe aplendiMir of tbe edifice. 

" Far niorr," ther uld to her, " far more tbaa ihla array of wealth 
and grandeur shall one day be the ponioa of iby IwrrlioMs and virtor. 
A guloDt Sfoor, ricli, powrful, and ardeit for thy lore, fball join hi« 
bund with ibine, and a ihooaind alarea dtall bow domt at thy beberi. 
All the precious things of Am nad Anbia xbnll be brought to delight 
thine cye«, the rareat birds of distant regions aball warble in untMo 
the Uy»of thy (aney." 

These and otlirr pFrmttMon* clotht-d in the giowing language of 
their nniioii. did (be Jtlooriah women lavish on ber m tbter dan, 
during which time tbe romained in lh« palace. Rut the beaatiful 
JeweM wept on, and thought only of ber parents and brother. 

" Xf rer,' uiit she. " will I exchange the hnmble tMa of mr brethren 
for tbe rich torhan yon offer : nerer will I abandon my GoA." 

This di-cikiitn Snl prononoci-<l with hiicIi fervour and animation be- 
fi>re tbe whole of tbe Alooruh ladies, tbat, stiiiig by h«r penevmnci;. 
the* run in anger to tbe IIoll of Audience and appriwd the goremnr 
*if h*T ri'Tuiinl. 

Artii Ktid immediately ordered her to be led into big pretence, and 
reproving her for her baaghtineKtaQdolu.linney,be[H)imi-doiit t lip peril 
in which she wms invtilntig liLfsclf. and repeated hi* drtiTmhiatinn of 
•ubdiiing her recolution. Bnt the young Hebrew reJMiied his allurv- 
nenta, depredated hia gifts, and defied his |KiwtT, errn to death. 

" J will lofld thiM) with chains," Kiiid the coTernor ; *' thou shall be 
torn bv wild beasts, and nee iio wotv tbe lignt of dar; tboa ahnlt lie, 
pertihnig with linnger, and lamenting tl>e rigiNir of my anger and 
indignation, for thou baet provoked the wratii of the Propbec, and 
alighted hia laws." 

" I wjllanbDiIt traneailly," replied Sol, "(o the weight of yonr 
ehnina; I will allow my limMtobc tomanander by wildbeutN; I will 
fenoiince for ever the light of day ; I will die of hunger ; nnd when 
every toriare you cnn cominand has bven endured, I will scorn yonr 
nnger and the wrath of the ProphK aince they are tinnble to conqner 
even weak womnn, and do but show your impotence in tbe Aight of 
Hntrrn, whose strength you boast, lo gnin one proielyte to your creed." 

" Atrocious hla^pheiny I" earliiimeii ibe rnnigi-d go^-rrnnr ; " thtia 
doKt thiiu profane the m<ist sacred tiamtn, thus dwt thou rvjecl all con- 
■ideralion f I mil hury thee id dark dniif;eonK. wl>er« ikon akalt drink 
tb« Clip I'f bittcriieu. Take tbts Hebrew." continued tbe governor, 
"to prison ; let her aulfrr in tbe moat loathaiine dnngenn— let her 



there Tee) the effect of tny displctunn;." Tbeo tnrning hi* ImcIc unoti 
)i«r, Iii« cf «• tiuhuic ivitli ire. he utwnilanrd tht ricttm, wfao wu im- 
m«t)iat(lj ctMtdnctv^ to tbe priivo. 

Tbe AlcaiabH a a ourlle Mtaste an a littler fminvnce nt tfa« extre- 
mity of the town, wbere prisaatn m-c eonfiiwd. Tbiiht-r wu the 
hcantiful Jrwcm eooiuetvd, in the lint instaim, though the wMim 
lubKijncnllf remored ber to n place deiitiiied for tbe frraale priwiaen 
OtilT, where vrA% a amall ^11, dirty and fietid, with «ne nnrruvr uindnw 
lookiti^ tnu the Mre«t. In thin dungvoa, where khe n-u% tinahto ta 
■tand erect, was the yoiing Hebrew oooflocd. Diiriiig the (hrtrc daya 
tbat the hiul remained in the Korernor'* pulaee, her puenta bad not 
failed to inform thnrwelves <if erery thing that befel her^Hivcn to her 
KworRl to tbe Alciuubu, and lubccqucnt coohoetneni in this dun^iirtin. 
It «n night before Iliim Ilachael nml Simlu hit ivife dirtrct^d their 
anxicms «t«p« toward* the prison. Itiiim's sejirchiRg eve ran on-r the 
ivhole edifice at a ^huicir, and itantt Hincorered the Wloved object of 
thvir attachmeat* There was tbe hrautifiil Su), in truth, liuldin); the 
fnyn hnra that AWnred the small winJow, her »»ow-while hundit shining 
amid Uiv j>Iooo>, whiter than the purv linen on the duikjr Hkin of the 
African. All around reigned the ulence of the grare. taw when at 
ioterTaU it waa interrupted bj tho Mond of oppressed ii{;hs, lu of one 
who could ncarce breathe. 

" It b the I " add Simla, in great etsotlon : " let u» draw near, atid 
prem her haiula to otir lieiut." 

These hkat nordii reached the ears of the onbappy prisoner, tind 
fo^elful uf the manj watchful eveaaad ear* around her, iihe excluimcd 
in a »d and piercing nice—" Alother, O mother T cume, and witness 
tny repentance !" 

Rnim Hachuel iind hh wife Hriv iniitunily lu the iliunal grating of 
the dungeon- They iimnped tbe huncU of their unhappT dmighUT, 
and «he niM &eiiing those of her parenU bathed them with her tears, 
»u tliat for a moment neither coold utter a word- 

" Dear daogbtcr*' taid they at k-ngth to hitr, " whnl do you propose 
to do? Are yon molved to embrace the law of Alahomet ?" 

" Nerrr, my parents ! " «he amiwpred, " I regard lhe« aalFeringH aa 
chaMeninga mm Heaven for oiy sini ; when I meditate upon them, 
methinlca I heir a rmce uithin nte, Koying. ' Thoti tbou ilid^t full in the 
duty af an obcdtcnt child, behold now, and aulfer the eonaequenee of 
tliy tntnuTtfuJon*' " 

Setitely bad Sol conclnded, when the claahtn^ of iron bolts npprised 
her parcflta that totne one wan approaching tbia abode of biiterneis. 
QnieJcly, therefore, did thejr di«rngngc their tiunds, andi prami&inu to 
return the foUovring evening, pluni^ed ia the deepest grief tXcy 
reluctantly quitted tbe place, leat they aliould he discovered, and 
denriee J of wimt w<« now their only mnsolutiuii. They wen- not mis- 
taken ; the pertoD tbat opened the door of the cell prortd to be the 
woman in charge of tbe priaon, who came to aetiaaint the bejiutiful 8ul 
of the K"*mior'« order, that xhe ■Itould be cot off from all interoottrM 
with her fricn<l», and treated with yet greater Keverity and liaraliDeaB. 

Unmored, she liniened to tbia cruel mandnlc of the tyrannicid 
f^vernor, and, ratMnu her oyea to heaven, only tittered iheae words, 
" I revere,0 Lord, thy heavenly dpcrcca '." The Mahometan dcpurlt-d 
in aome emotioat Mtd tbe joung Jewese, kneeling, addrcasrd horaelf to 
feftier eontemptntinnt. 



HRim IlndiiicI and hi* wife spent a iiiglit of mwt tortnriiig «tis- 
peiwi'. Oil llii-ir return from tlic Miinmorra. tliey totil «-viTi(tliing to 
tlirii srtn. Vsnjir ; who, floin({ imuiirriiiitvly lo ihe prison, witli KOmc 
difficulty niiifd over the gWi-r, n Muurifli woman, lit oflTerinf* Iter 
(jififi, — ana at Irnj^ih miccctsli-d xu ubciiiniiig her gwid ofBcin fur iii» 
unroTtuaate sisHT, and permiMioii to nunimiiiicate with her ihtousU 
thr narrow grating of h^r cell, under cOT«r of tlip niglit. ULirinj; 
obtaiiK-d lliin by u liwivy gnlilc-n Wihe, lii? Luntened to ri-porl « liat lie 
liad (lone to bis |)iiri-iits. Scsrccrly Ins lliau tliu pain ibat iipt«tcd 
the prostriite Sol. in her louihiome dungemi, \vm the hwirl-rviiding 
vtnotinn pndurtMl Uy hi-r utihiippy [mmitn: all \r«te anxioui fot tko 
uinrnin^. and Ion);vd for dawn Xa di»pcl lUe glcwm cf Ihi* icrriIJ« 
iiiglit. \(.>vi'r did the {glorious nun deicribt- his inbit m .ilowly tu 
on thnt urar)* day — nerer did litimun hearti m> long for itc tormina- 
tion — tiiiurb nermrd like yearn — thv day lilcv nn rndl«9« century; at 
length, for ull tiling below niust end, the diiy clcittcd and the ni);tit M-t 
in, wli^n the ofllicled pftretits and brother a F<ecr>nd titne r#pairL>il to 
receive tbu coiiBoluiion of gnzing on th« pullid countenuace of the 
imprisoned Si>I- ^^ 

Who tihull describe thew nfflictinf: inlvrvieu-K ? tearK, *ii|;li>i, broken ^^| 
words, every emotion uf love and pity kucceedvd each oliier tn quick ^H 
raCcvMJon ; hut ihv night vnuinlied aa rapidly u tlie day had wvurity 
witbdrawn, and tin- mutnent uf nrpurntiiin arrived — the Alahiimctiin 
prison-It ee per udmoiii»hiiip them lo depart. 'J'h«y did so, torn with 
vtnotiuni thnt nuiie but thoav wbo liitvt! luvvd, none litil ihuae who 
haTe BUtferrd, none but tbusu who nru piirfiits, can comprcrhcndi and 
tilt* niuht. and th(> day that followed, were «pMit in jrrief nnd n^ny. 
Ilnim lliichurl Kimght by vnriiitii mi-aim tn diticovrr tliv inti-ntinit* of 
tbc ^^■^■■i'"or, but IcAfnt vnly thai ibc mere rccoJk-ction of the Hebrew 
captive sufficed to excite hint to fury, and to coil forth Tei.olutiunKaf 
tfao mont bnrbm'oiiri clmracter. The nffoniiscd fiither, well nijjh hc«rt- 
hrokrn nt nucU infnrmntion, hurnstcd liis ini.i^ination to find a wsy t4 
save bis child. 

The RDvernnr, Arbi Aaid, forgot not for > moment tbo J«vn\> 
captive; for irnch ctsy infnnniitioii wni brought to liini rpapcctin^ thi- 
sitate of nppnrent dejection in which hhe wna ; nnd, at the cipintioii nf 
tlic third dny of her imprisonment, bo >ont tn inonire whctht-r nhs 
WMild now conient to ctnhrnro the Loiv of tho I'rophi't ? The henrer 
of this n\c«Gii);cwasoncDf hiFi»ecfetartes, who, on entering the dungeon, 
was asIoDJahed ai the Wnuly uf th« niaid«ii hv behold. H<> put to hn 
iwrrfll inquirirn reiipccting her condition, which were aonwcrcd with 
mmiabitity und iiiodnty: but upon hit telling; her that h« waa tecre- 
tary to the poveruor, Arbi Esid, and that he had come, in hi* nnm<>, CO 
know whether the had yet decided to becooH- ft Mahoniotnn, the 
prUoner's CDuntt-nunce and iittitude (uddrnly ehanf^Ml and as»am«d aa 
apreesjoD of inip«»>ing dignity, tu ahe addressed bim in them term* :— 
" TeJI the governor, on my part, thai if lie bv not alrendy content with 
nil 1 have auFcred, let him invent new tormentc, w^bicli the Hebrew 
.Sol will ucM'pt as Heareo'tt cboftteoing for her ain>>; but become » 
Jtlahomedan— never t" So. turning iiway from him, she knell, nud 
■ddri-n<ii-tl lii-nii^lf to prayer. 

Pitlu Bf. drnlh, fmrini; the nuger of the govemOT) and his selDove 
woandcd at the fnilure of bi-s etnliRwy, the Mcretary left tbe diiiigenii,. 
Hid rrtitrncdintb all tpced tolhepau«e. Tb«goreTDor,oa becoming 



•n|uUDtfi] nrith tli« <lrlf rminaUoit of the youtli/ul Jew«S8. rmved with 
tlie frtvcilv o( a tigvr, und cotncnunded tli«t tlte *lioul<l bv litadvJ M-itIt 
clinini. And aa^rmlly did tlw Mtrltllm of liu dripotism (leli;:lt tii 
lli« mrka of eriwity, that not much tint? eUpNMl tto the suvimr tniin- 
•late wu put InV *x«utl<in. Tlie bi-auiiful Sul wao liibi-ii from ker 
duii|{ron, end idsrrd id n culdi liiimid, subtirmnean «■) I— without uir, 
and i«rk«r titan the nigUl: on lier wliite and chiVlWd tliroat wm 
cluptd ■ ring of iron, let wliicli neie linkvd four clmiiiB thiit tioliiid 
tier )maia and feet ; the vcifiht »i ihc Iivttvy mtital prrrcutf^d lirr 
titandins wten; tbf dauip ground was lier only oiucli, luid tli« 011I5 
mt Gv li«r tortiii«d limlis. Sad, nud full of ui|tui»Ii, itom (lie aolitiide 
thai now »wait«(l this atiji;!.-! of nrluo; but notbiog cuuld discwirage, 
uoiliiftg cMild dniiHt lu-r. 

TUe voBBg Hubrcw i>ccupi««l hrntdf in tli(>ii|;hu full of courage, 
anil ren«ction> full of otoral fortiiudv; ivhiUt her parrots, wW 
hxd b«vn duly appritisl of Ik-f nniovjl tii the >iibiernin<>an oi'll, 
A^H-nt tli«ir tim<> in Lni«nlin)> the sikd change, and in nefkin); uiit 
ptm«n!> wlioM inSueoee ihieIiI Hufirn the ubdumh^ beurt v( tlie gtivrr- 
Dor. In Ihiasrurch did Haioi Miichtifl n-ncw his dili^t-ncv. every iliiy 
i3uX the aDfartuante mniden mntinued to gr<Kin liem-ath h«r cliaint*, till 
at tri>(:Ui hU (Mtrniul lamrotalioiu reaclii-d tbc comnniutoiiHlc (mtk iif 
Oaa Jute Itico) vicr-c4ntul of S{miii, at that timv, in Tunpi-r. Tliu 
vtiini of mmplaininK huDiani)y ni'ver failed to ttiiich ilie fi'L*lii])> h?nrt 
of thi* ^iiod tnoo ; nor ouuld tw rvat till hi)t bi' tic roll- 11 1 uurk ivas 
Lcguo. U« rcafiectfuUr, thi-rvfuiv, jvlitioucd the gvrt-mot Xo mlxigmv 
th* auffvriDp nf tht> youn)[ Jvwuu, or even, if postible, to liWnite hi-r 
allagMli«r; public ayupHtliv bein^, as h« represented, elrrody cxeitvd 
in borbtbaJf to a powerful di-^ri^e. TheHe repreaenlationa tie urp-d 
witb to tniich force and rlTrrl, ih:it, )isd tfat' mutlt-r rf^ted in t)ie hand* 
■tfAHii Kiid nlune, hv wuuld liuve m4 her at liWrty at onrf- Ilnw- 
«v«r, li« r«pliv<l ivitb considi-riible c<iUTtn>y, that tbe^ whole circtim- 
•IMICTC of tlie aflfuir had bt-cn reffrrtni to the Emiwinri of wIhdv 
impwul comunda he was in momentary expectatiou. TbiH answer 
plaoat) flie maitee in n Iom furournbli: light, in iW eye* <>f l)o(i Jt»e— 
obitrurtin^, aa it did, any Rifann of biingin^ cunifurt M thv li<.-lt>lc3i 
Sol, while *l>r, atill immured in thp dutifftoii. looki-d fariv;inl to death 
aktltewily e«cape (rotn Kr ncriiniululii)^ woes. M^ny ilura did nut 
«hpai, buwcrer, befort; tlie espet-trd diNnitches flirivea ^m the 
vmp«fDr.beftrin)thi<iard«-niiluil tliecaptive JeweMkkouId he cmidiicied 
imiRMllately lu Pea. 

Tbh unexjivcti-it ami niilwke(i-fi>r result cuiiixl tlie utmost conalrr* 
nation ainoii(( all acquainted with tbe circuuisUncn- Biilb Moof a and 
llehr^w* erinoed an alniOKt Miiiiil ditiiri? lii preserve l!ie life of tJiu 
beantjfal S<il ; but the fatal order ndmilted no delay, and there wa* »<• 
choice but to comply with it ivitk the utnii«t |irumptitudr. The 
(toeetnor, tkerefure, Munimoiicd llaim Iljdmd, and ■ftcr conimiini- 
ealtn|| to him the commands nf (he cuiprriit. lie informnf him ibat his 
dttuithter miial lii-gin her joiirni-y to Fes oti the fulluwinfi duvj ninl 
re<)nir\>d of Uin tbe iiecmcafy turn (Fimmiiiling to fiirly d<itlar»}' to 

* It h tJW BloetWi riHtAiii, tlul all ib«»e vim m mm-iciril a* gtUiy, •' i^^'r 
ftaailia^ tbooU nay all vmt» tf the law-^nlt, and eircry <>Uitr oanii )■<<■■■<« *x[>«i»«. 
Tbiih ooa QDodamud 10 aufcr ihc penalty M «ne liiiiiilml baMiaaiW*. alter 
ha liaa laorirad then). 1* OMipflM w pay (b» riecaiiuiuir ihe wtiola aoa renvirnl 
fur iha wotk nf Isffieiin^ ibtni. 

VOL. XXZI. >■ 



(Ii-fray tlie DXpenscs of the tramit- TLi« lie dcminded witbin two 
iKMiro' time. 

Tlie Jew returned with teverut friettilii to IiU own home, imd 
fiCCTi'tljr arranged ibut one ol thent ^ould follow lib diugbtw at a 
distance, M » sat to lote »a)it of lier alt«seth«r. It nms no eiu^ 
matter to find one able and willing to tindeTtuKe a mituon of so inu«li 
dillicultj and dineer, in defiance of t)ic cxprns commandft of tbe 
jcovvf nor ; but ut lenglb • Jen*, but little known in the town, ww 
found to accept llie charge, Hiid having provided tiitntelf witli money, 
he wiw sftii on tlie way. 

Whilst Ilaim and hu Ma W4>re buRicd in tbete prrporations, tlia 
unhnprty Siinlu luy un her bed in a »t«te of nttcr proslr.uioa. Wliea 
th« tiaint;s of licr bclgvud Sul'* intended deparlure readied ber, abo 
prcpnred to see faer paa^ from n secure biding-|^ttce, and thence to bid 
Lpr f.itrwell, ii» ibuu^li alie were to see Iier no more for ever. Not 
only, indeed, to tliu purenln nnd brother of Sol were tUo hours of 
tlie ni^ht liidea with triliiilatiuii und anguish, all tlieir frieiidt and 
neigbbuura Klmrvd ibeir griufs. The unhappy victim ulunc, to whom 
Ibc drv'ndful tiding;* wcru communicated at midnight, heard tlivm with 
■U unaltLTi'd cotintcnuncL-, thou;;h a devp aigh aalficiently prared ber 
fi'i-Unga in ibe terrible :iitnatian in whicii she was placed. 

An hi>ur Iji-furc d^iwn w>m tbe time appointed fur Sol's departure. 
At the mamem fixed, a Moor, of n countenance most uvukv and re- 

EuUire, presented himiielf at tbe dungeon-nite, leading by their 
ridles two actire mules. He was Mhortir followed by fin- nliticr*, 
who were to form the eticort, and when all were aaaembled. the mule- 
teer, wliu Witt clmrged with tli« conduct of the affair, knocked at the 
d(H>r of tba prison, and an it* being opened, entered to bring the 
captive forth. 

Aleanwtiile, ber parents, her brother, and minf of Iter Mendo, liuJ 
concealed tliunisclres at a certiiin diatnoce, where tbey could remaia 
unditicovercd, to witneiis thUi ndid scene, and compelled tb<-nti>elvei to 
ailence tbe ^oniiH iintl sighs by which tliL'ir lieiuts were torn, so us to 
coenpe detection. The eyes of all n-ere riveted on that spot where the 
victim w»» to emer^- from the primtn. Everything was ilintiuctly 
vbihle in ilie clear murtiing air ; and in a littfc time the object of 
their hopes came forth, und at night of her, Himln fell fainting into 
tbe arum uf her huitlmnd iind non. Sol cnmc forth with a slow and , 
tremuloun »ti-p, supffrCed by the horrible muleteer, the pallor of bcri 
cuunteuaiice contru^unji witli the ebony bbckneiu of her bright and) 
HpeakinK eyes, who^c glnnce-i fell Kcarcliingly nroond. Hur linir, wua 
gathered up buneath the humble white " toc«," which formed tli« i 
graceful covering of her head, and her djrk blue drew) accorded well I 
with the intt>re!iting ca»l af her f<tr fdturcH, giving a grave and] 
ttnpusiii|^ characlcr to ber whole ligure. Her delicate feet were Imnnd i 
with Iicory fetters, which scarce permitted her to more; and her 
whole appeorauce triu no pathetic ond interMting, that it i> scarcely J 
poatible for the pen to describe the scvne. All paued in silence; nntlj 
the eclio of sigh* watt the only language of tliis fearful drBRia> j 

Tbe muleteer threw Mnneeords over liis beast's trappings, the belter] 
to secure liii victim. Ue«nwhile, the beautiful Jewess, turning— as! 
though inslinciively— tifWiirdtt tbe spot where her mouruing parenta-f 
stood, asked one of the solilieni who guarded her, to assist her to i 
' leeL This being permitted, she folded her bunds uiKin ha breiUt,j 



lad looking ap to heareOi ejicUim«d< in brukea ucveiils:— " Ood of 
Abrahwn * Tima wbo koowett tlie innocence of mf hvan, rpc«iTe 
tbfl Matficv which I hsv« mule iti Mliaodoning the ii[>ot whcni I wn 
boTD. Console my parents anil bruilivr for iny lost- Strungilieti my 
Rfifrit, and Bb&Dckin nut this, 'nif unhappy creature, wtIju always 
truitvtl in TItee — muke her oo« iln_v I'*j>py '" I'le maiitioiw of the juati 
with tbiHC bli^ucd souls whom Thou elt^tvnt for Thy gfester glory 
Uld Hlaniioa." 

After hh« Imd remained n few inora«nts \aagvT in lilent devotion, 
the muleteer, b«ti^ afipriard that it vrus time to start, rudely turn lic^r 
frnm bi-r knee*, and with ti briiul and reckless violence, cspible uf 
rendting tb« bftrdc'tt hcnrt*. placed her on tbu sftJdle. Laahin£ her 
nlready fettered (vel with a thick cord, he bound !t tdso «ruuiid her 
wrbtM. brtiising biT dcliciite He.ib ; and tying u rope in numcfous coiU 
round her body, he kihed it to the baritesa of the mule. The lardgc 
MoorliAviog made all H«ure, tijjhtened the luihiiijpi, uid Kcemcd to 
delight abov* mesmre in the excruciating turltire he thus indicled 
upoo his patient vietiin. Xot a uoid, not a complaint, escaped her: 
ttur did her grave and compixted derocBiiuur rnrsokr her for an instiini, 
th^Ogli she r^arded her tormenior ivith n luok of tulfurliij; piLliencv, 
nnkneelcalily tAvcting. Tbe soldiers, who h:id luoked u» in (ileni:e 
during thia Meoe, now iboilldered their arm» ; the muleteer mounting 
the ba^sce ntile, iind leading, by his rig'it hand, that which curneil 
the yeuthml prisoner, from wliom the sohlierx never for nil iauant 
vrithdrew their cyeb. toon ftet theinimnlsin motion by the wclUkn^nrn 
toach of the apar, and tlie puruey cummi^iK^ed— »-hua, fur tlie 6rst 
time.apiercingcry escipedthclipsof ttiefurHol: — "Adieu 1 udicu I " 
exclaimed she; "adieu for ever, iny lutii-e kad!" And ituon they 
entered on the roud to Vvk. 

If the anconocnicd »pe«(Jturs were mored eren to tears on witness* 
Ifw this scene, what were the feelings of the pannu who were eye- 
WttDcasea of all that paiM^d ! Luve, tenderneaa, and sorrow, erer^- 
tBoCim llnl ooald aptatc them, struj^j^lcil fur ultenince ivitbin their 
breaata. Haim and Simla, and the yaung Yujar, fell oti their knees, 
(Uld sent up to Heaven tlieir hi-urts' ■upulicatioiia ; thev followed with 
tbsir eyea ibe depanine cavalcade, their goEc riveted like those of a 
spectre; m need was there now to enjoin tbem to keep lulriKf, for 
tlieir titteraoce was stilled on their lips: a red>hut iron seemed to 
wei^jh upon their hreasla } they raised their eye* to the heaven*, to 
llwt beautiful African tky, pore and tranoparent aa an arch of u&ure 
crystal, sad it seetned to them Jilio a roof of leail, in which the bright 
sun Kf^eared a rolling hall of hlood-red hue ; their hands, witli a con- 
tuUt« gnup. tore the hair from their hnuh, and rending thdr gar^ 
menta in de-spoir, they fell senseless to the earth. Tiivlr relatives and 
irii^iidi canvejiMl them, slill inseniiihle, to their homes, and applied le- 
atvr«tircs ttt recall animfltinn. llut,alasl towtMlacotiscioiuacu were 
th«y restored I lo the keener aud keener aeiue of that grief which 
tDurt EaUew them to tbe Utett hour of their csisteace 1 

The beautiful Sol. meanwhile, travelled on, in tbe manner already 
deacribcd, lilnitly enduring tbe separMion from her native soil. About 
three miUq of the journey were comiilctcd, wheu there eucountefed 
tkem, sa lkoii|^by gccideot, a man, wbo joined hiinwlf tu the tr^vellerH. 
Tbi* wu lfa« Jew already mentioned, ulio being almost u »Uaiij;er to 



tb« Ktoors, hai eogagcd binittflf to the frwiul* of JvJ not to late sigtit 
of )kt during litr joumpT< lie rntcTcd into conTDrulion wlili thv 
■uldten. and fvieninft ignonnce of the circuniHUiiicf!! of the catv, soon 
44>t»iavd fraoi tCfis «n Mcount bath «f cbcir dotlinadoD. anil of the 
rrcmt occuirrnoes at Taiijtier. 

Tbc aaj^ciuui Hcbmw, havinK tbun giUiwd tlic confidenee of tin* 
vwovt. nddnwvd h Tirw words to tW pri»oD», girinj* her tu undcntund 
tbat alivooght tv vDitiTUCi? t)ie law of lh« Prophet, niid bccoinc a Al^ 
luMn^tan, as he liiniM.-lf linil <)aDr. Thv bcsuliful Sol beard bim with 
much tninquiUity. but H-iiliotit fpvin;; any nniivcr ; but »t u nWHtmit 
wben tbo cMort were otT tbcir gusrd, be BUco(^rde1l in Attracting hcf 
nttcntion hyaigos, and Jit niHkin^ kiunrn to bcr that lie n-at tlivre 
fiir her pratMtion. The poor victim comprebended bi« meaniug, uod 
tliev wcr« thus mnrv thuit imcc eiiulilcd to communicate b? etnltfa, 

Tlii-Jotirai-^ tu Kta occupied six dajra, tbe niffhu beinfEiqwnt at the 
diir^refit hdtiDg-plac4-ii. Alt who MW tbe jnimatr on tbe nwd. mmI 
wrrr made actjuaintftl uitb ihp pnrticulmni of bvr situation, iMiniMllV' 
exliortt-d, and eveji iinpl»rrd her to bccowe u nroself tc to thtir failh ; 
she heard them wiili t{uu-x <tiflidv»««, and rKpltad nad«tJy to all tba 
lu-gntneiit!! directed to ber, tbnt »b« woald rather aaertfictrhrr lif« tlian 
chuDp: her rvli|cioo> So mucli courageous perseTcmice woa tbe admi- 
ration of all who convtTfvd uith }ivr, imd hvr tittiatiun vxcitcd the 
grrat^Mt intcmt and M-mpatUy ubert^ver tbe piitkcd. 

The friendly J«w, who »till iUE*<icijtcd himself vitb tlie eaourt, and 
pnrtntt-d thul he was on hie road to Fez for tbe purpose* of eommeroe, 
obtained permiMioti tn apraJc wilb und exhuit tlio priaoner, when, in cb« 
Hebrew toiigtie, of which tbe 3Ioor« n-erv igtiarant, be took Mcaaioa to 
tell tli« yming Jtvttna the object of hi* aHnmiwioa ; be oamraniiieatad 
to ber tbe proJiibitii>M of ibe Governor of Tangier to her parrats lo 
leave tbe eUy. and the trust rvpowd in bim ; fur the better fulfitmanti 
of which ill- bad aMumed tbelunguagc and dia^ne nnder wliiol^f^|H 
nppenred. 8al r«]>lied in the same ninner by requraling him t^^^H 
the bcnri-r of a meaaage to her purenta, auiuiing tbrm that ibe bod ngt 
fttr a dingle imUnt forKOtteii t)ii-m, and that the thoughta of llieir tuf- 
l«riiil[s wore more cruel to her than uoy tbut xbc hciwlf experienced. 

t iToiild not uiinccraMiil}' <lwi-li ujnio this tnel«nch<ily biitvrv bv a 
minute deactipiioR of the vuriooi trials and tiutferinga endured by the ' 
youthful Sol upon th« road ; they can but tou niidily be inferred from | 
the previous recitul. At li-ngtb, hun*erer, tbe day urrivrd on whicbl 
tbe triivcllert reached Kes, tbe residence uf the Em{>cror of AloroocoJ 
One of the toldient of the CMort wbs sent forward to ipre iioitcool 
their uppruikch to the Eni|>eror, who iwued immcdiul): orders that hia 
son ithoald go out upon the roud, attended by a uplendid retinuet tel 
meet the yoting cuptire. Accordingly sUiiit evening, the Im[>cr^| 
Prince, encorted by more than three hundred ofhti court, went mtt oa] 
horMrlxick, diiplaying, at they nxnt, their skill in the feats of bunte*] 
tnanshin bj wliicli the Aloun do boiiour to the person thev are escurt*| 
ing, and meeting tbe young prissaef on the rood, he conducted ber 
bis palnce- 




To lh« critic wbo LB DDt anoinmodkted with iHrvn of iron, or wboi* 
lensltililin liave not been eiuirel; tiluiilcd hj t long lue of th« Utcraty 
dlnecthig uutnuoenl, it ti DO very pleating tiult lo tit down Ift Ui« 
TQVitrr «? a doicn or more of nvrclR. Amongst lo miny. that a hftnd- 
wine pnjpoftion •fasl) be worthy of unqualirwd appnbatioo '», of 
wbat no nviewcc «rba has ever Ictn Wuuglil to tpectadei, can i 
aUy aatiapUe ; and, although many a y«unc (and, indocd, puny a 
v»t«nn) sutJMT. wiUi llie wealtneis of a Kar«a way&rvr, wIm mirtaket 
a Mtvienble &igier-po«t on a common for a sallowa on a hi-ath, is 
Bpl to imapDe Ihit your iniwcaot and mtieli-onauhiig critic i* u rutli- 
les ami anonymnu nonitui, wlio 

" fliiahM fa ^'m repnw. rxpccu hu trmatf fWf" 

arid i* Dcrci- M happy u wlicQ he ii making a meal of hii victim ; 
vM th« truth if, the pleasure the said critic derives tnm bettowtng 
jntt and lionMt proisc, however great and satisfactory It may be, l>y 
no mams countcrWanwa the pain he fvcli when ht is compelled to with- 
h«M it, or to inflict ecniurc. 

Th« order in which the worka we have to notwe stand upon our 
taUe has been pniaibed by the meiest chance, and wu thai] take 
them up aoconjingly, aad give the reader as brief an abttiact of OUT 
opinion oribctn aaposriUe. 

If vre do not see, on the lillc-pa^ of " The Tiu Csrew ; or. Has* 
bands and Wivec," tlu; name of tome Ebrmer work which might kindl« 
a pleoMuit train of metnoryi and cause us to bo pc«potse*»«d in favour 
of a younger nater, we are not, on the other hand, innled to MruM 
a pra&uv, io which Gutllo of incxprrioKC, youth, frc, are pUodeo, and 
htaulgencc 'w, with due mod«ety, b«ipokcn. It Is hard to believe that 
this it a first taaay ; for it is ivally a very niperior novel, by wtiieb 
"tor" w« d« not mean to innnuutc that first etuyt arc not BOtnc- 
times iiutinct with genius, hutj that thuy are aa often full of ifaainodic 
fffort, and imotiwt or exncgerated drawing,— and in " The Fair Carew" 
there i* nothing of the kindT This work we take to bo the production of 
a gentleman who it bleit with an abundiUKe of IcisuTCi or who hat, 4t 
all i-vmu, deTot«d a considerable portion of tune to the conitmction of 
an cxtrcmoly rntoresting plot, and to tl>c clabomtion of on unusual nuin* 
her of disrnckra. Tlie whulc of the Lulln-I faniily — wine tix or seven 
in numbor ; their " cousin John," and hit wife, Mn. Carow, the parents 
oftbcbsrniK; the" fairCaTew~bGnclf, — acbanningsprcinienorfeTninino 
gnce and lovelineai ; Mr, and Mn. Wuolaaton, Captain Rvinilly, and Mrs. 
Uanultou — all are finished with Uie nlcctt and most dtKriminating ikill, 
and all do their port towards lh« duo tfktX of one of the plcossntest, 
must MOBble, and bMt'Wrttten work* of fiction wv have klely bad to 
report upon. It i* true that Mr. Potkcrgi!l| Mra. Mtunham, and her 
daughter are bores, uid that the two diiidrcn of iU. Francis Luttrd 
an; a little more waq>e<l frotn oatuie than evcti their artificial education 
would foreo tlwin lo bvcMm; ; but thcxc are fwils which, whetlier intro- 
duc«4 for th« piupow or not, »*rYo to set off the other cbatactoTs. We 



ntemiM ■ treat to such of our rcadi^ra a> enter upon n |teniMil oC " The 
Fkir Carcw." 

Siliillcr in hii " History «f the Thirty Yetm Ww," and in his in. 
moiul tnlogjr, " Wdlcnstein," hai made t!if ruwlor acquuintcJ with tb« 
hiftorical chnractcn that figure in the romance of " The I'appenlirinien * 
wiited by Captain Aahton. If wc ventured \o diiitnut the BUthor** 
•trenglli of wing, whwi he flew at such game ju Count Tilly, Pappon- 
hcim, OitrtilTus A<]ul|ilitis, tind Wallenatein, our fears have beeit cnm* 
pleUly and moR agrMably Kt at rcil, for the manner in irbich these 
chaiTacten hare \ma conjured from the caiivu of history, no as to 
b«coine Ufr, « iiVe life, once more, is worthy of no common praite. Anl 
tben, not I<3« admirable are the tal«nt and Rkill with which fiction hua 
been blended with bet, to Uiat both become, (or the lime, one reality, 
and, for th* purpOMa of the etory, indJvuible. " ai water is in water." 
Ewiy ftdrantage bai been taL-eii of the eontrott Iwtwoen tho ehnractoi* 
of Tilly and Papponh^im — the former tlie consummate captain, the l:ittcr 
the bnTa and TUthl«u soldier — to give the most impressive effect to the 
SCMMa between them. The n^tvn, Anna and Hcdwig, demiLniled a 
more doticate and utful ditlributioo of light and tbadc, and the labour 
that has l>e«n bestowed upon the delineation of them, has rosulted in 
eotlre txKcesa. " I'hi! Puppeiilieimcr* " is a roinauce full of ttintng lifc^ 
There is no tamenesa, no relaxation of vigour ; but Kenc succeeds Kooe 
with unflagging activity, and eTor-prasent spirit. 

If we hnvc read *ome historical romance* which have pleawl ut more 
than MiasCniroi'e's" Death flag; or, Tho Irish Buccancore," wc have met 
willi m»ny inuch worse which hare attained popularity. This is a story in 
whicii the IrJEh adherents ofCharl?* Edward Stuart, a^<rr tti« tiattli; ofCuI* 
loden, proniiiiently ligun:. With the issue of that combat, so dieaattoua 
to his hopes, anything like a general linowledgo of tho history of tha 
young PieteitdfT ccuM<s ; and our autlioret* hiu wisely talivii ndvontaea 
of that circumstance to iiilerweaTe into her story many intcivsting parti- 
culars ooBcemin^ the unfortunate prince, and to lay before us pictures of 
the social state of Ireland in 1748, which are exceedingly curious, and 
giTD a novdty of effect to her pa^en. There are some strilciiig scenes in 
tUs rontai^n.', boldly conceived, although, in one or two inxtiuiees, " writ 
kqja-" \N''e cannot recognise much good taste- in llinuting into promt- 
Mon such an infamous miscreant as Sullivan. His abduction of Uisi 
(XMoAre. with its horrible consequence, excites neither terror nor pity, 
Wsl akaer, unmitigated pain. But for the unliappy devotion of spoc« to , 
thii ral^ riUwn, we should hare pronounced " The Death Flag " so [ 
oxeelfeBt romance. 

Every rvudcr of fiction, who takes up a novel by the author of] 
■' Smilia Wymlham," will expect to find much vigorous writing, and to ' 
Im iiitnxluc«d to many forcibly impressive scenes. His oxpi^ctations, as i 
to thosw particulars, will bo fuUy realized in " Eavcn»ciiffe,*' which, wills | 
regard to Uie amount of " intense," contained in it, may take runic witli ' 
any of the lady's fomier productions, 

UnhapiKly, whilst on abundance of strength is shown, it is strength { 
Uat is worse than thrown away. Tliv authoress does not heroically beat 
■ad Tan^uish the air, — she runs with mighty eneifiy against a wall. Hot 
great eflbrt it, to cause us to feci respect for her principal character ; ao4 
extraordinary pains are taken, whidi only pncipitatc l)i« poor wretch 
into *' a lower deep" of contempt. 



IUniJ«l iMogSari, tbe hero (if bo b« moot be called), a Cambrii^ 
student, bu been honewhippcd in the brotvl walk of St. John'i Co]l«^ 
by • wild yoiilig Iiiih Mnlltfiniui. He )■ nf\<.'iTt-aiila thwarted in lovo by 
hi* imHj enemy, and it U out of arcuiRstances that srise frani tius that 
tiM iLMjr ii conijiMed. 

Tbe smt mtatake of the boolt begins with the fint paf;e. Randal 
LaogTotd mflcn humelf to be hortoirfaipped — the whip snapping "int« 
flftj pMc«i~— before "gownmiKn ofcrtry condition and oi^roe. from 
Iteid* of cellcg<* to sizara." He ii represent^ as a nuut of undoubted 
coon^i but whose principles forbid him to enter into a duel. Hcoee, 
ttun, the lame reception « bnile dixciplinc I Fud^ I The author tna; 
tnuat, proUat, iwcot b; the nih of her popular pen, and bile the othar 
«t>d of it< Ko matter — tliia Langfbrd i» a coward, Men of courage 
m»y, and do, let their facta agaimt duelling; hut who ever heard of 
««te «\)QM prind|ilee put A relo upon the defence of iiis own person 
from w violent an outisfa a* ia indicated by the fracture of a horvowhip 
(watkiof •rtiek ? ) ioto fifty pitees ? 

" It if ooit^t, it H nought," tiwrcfbie— this " BaveocUir^'' wi ih aJl the 
lalent and vigour it undoubtedly contains. 
Tbe author of " Emilia Wyndham." i* a faTourite of the public, and 
av^pew, eo<ncciv«s that, being h, ahe ma; take Ubertie* with her 
The tondunon, involving "a chain of chcumatancos .wAicA I 
iosw nor tpae« A> nhu," it pnfectly coittfmptitilc. 

W« ntay dimusa " Clara Harrington, a Doroeetic Tale," in a very few 
Iworda, The author is a man of Mntc and reflection, tiutc and judg- 
ement, and he has thou^t that liis ojMnions on various aiihjticls may 
aply iiMct a readier FMrption, imported in one of the fut-uiiling 
aft that cany tbe dag of the fuir Fiction. Wa will not pursue the 
etaphAr, but content ouraelvea with saying, thai the author of " CIuu 
lamngton" appears to be utterly incapable of nntiiig a novel, if, 
rtnC tbe iDTentMa of a story, and then tbo conduct of it, arc supposed to 
IttMMtitute any part «f the proooss. The plot would fc« oceounUd nicagro 
it unravelled in— we will not ny how few pages; but when 
! bundml are devoted to it. wc ere reminded of the man who dis- 

of an insect at such leneth, that hi* listener Riarrdtcd whether 

iWttuld aver come to no en^ If it were his cue to fjiealc of a lion. Yot 
f many sensible inges in this work that might he profitably 

The objection we have token to " Clara Harrington," on the score of 
fiTuMness, auuredly does not apply to " The Old I^ngogcmcnt, a Spin- 
ster 'i Story," by Miss Julia Day, which is as well-knit and compact a 
in a suiall eompass oa we ever remember to have »een. Tins tale 
I a perfect gem in its way. the raatcriats and the workmanship, to cm* 
ity the chapmen's phrase, being vrorthy of eacli other. Tbe events are 
iper&eily natural, the characters are drawn with such truth umI vivacity, 
-and the whole is set before us with such baiiitiful, unlaboured grace of 
style, that we are rapidly, htit insennUy, ciurn«d from the first page to 
the last, with a fediog at the end, wc must acknowledge, of ^sappoinl- 
ment that we have not more. We 

" Tbibk we Iutd hata ilumbfring; bere, 
Whih ibMa iluida** 4U ayfatt," 

so entirely luire we ba«n absorbed in them, and eo dttily did tlier play 
their («rts whilst they were belore our eyte. W|m>, having read of, or 



mtherteen. Dr. Grove nixl hU wifV, the gnllnnt Rector, MiM Vaughftn, 
th« Colonel) anti the atary-wiJiTing tpintter, can ever forf^et litem t 
Thmigli the ipoco be small in which they have to display themsclvea, 
thffy arc painud with a mtnutencsi mi finifh worthy of n literary 
velvet Brueghel. ^Vo wish Mi»i Juliu Day uvi-ry success on her oii ward 

There ftr* fnu- reader* who an not Inmilikr with that nwful ^pinodt in 
Danti-'i " Inrenin," in vtitdi Count Ugi^lino tells oC the ineare^roition of 
himncir, hii sons, and ipandchildren in the (since so-eallcd) Tower of 
Famine. The rt^ry has boon h«ig}itcnod l»y the poet with nil the «Te- 
Hly of rclenlleM goniui> ; and no vat, whoM eye has ever nossed over 
that l«xt, can iwrember without a sluidder the hellish emptoyraent by 
Ugolina, which his nsrratiTc suspcndw), and to which, on its conclusioni 
he returned with added peninacity. 

There are not ii»ny, however, who know (because they hare not 
inquired, or have liad no means of OMcrtaining) how it mmc la pass 
that llic Archbieliop ]tui;;;lerl should hare resorted to so frightfully 
brutal a nifosure (roiir;> iff/at is the present phrase for iliegal and irre- 
sponsible critnos) OS thitt of stnrring to di-nth his i-ticmy and kindred 
in a prison, or the reason why the poet committed to the Count the 
concDMial task of exercising so frightful a retaliation u]ion Iheeccleri- 

l>antG has not touched upon that part of the ftibiect ; and if he had, 
we do ruil think his vereion cotild have b«en implicitly relied upon, be- 
cause, although it i* the eurtom of biogmphfrB to mil him n pntnot, it it 
only too certain to the diftpanion&te reader, thnt he wm a inoft furious 
and bigoted GhibsUine, — in other words, a partisan of the deepest dye. 

Dut it is wdl thai the whole of this terrible story should ho Scnown. 
An act SO atrocious as that of the ArchVithop would create liormr in any 
view of the eaae ; hut tlie question, whidi every man interested in the 
•uhjeet B»ks himself, is, "Wn* the Archbishop impelled to this act by 
what he conoeived to be an imperious neceauty, or was it an oct of wan- 
ton wicbedncBs only to be oecounted for on the tuppoaition that Ihe man 
was mad f " 

We nre indebted to Madame Pisani for a fUll s»lulion ofthiaqueationt 
The research of this lady has enabW her to lay before ns every reliable 
patt'iciiUir of tlie tiantaetioTis in which Ihe Count and the Archbishop 
were engaged, and in wliirli tlicy opposed rach oilier, and her admiiable 
talents hate bc«n employed in displaying ihein with the mo«l piotureirpie 
effect in the romance of" The ConviTit and the Harem." 

It ianot o(\en that a worV so hislaricaDy valunhte i* presented to the 
public in the outward garb of lielton. Rut let it not be supposed that this 
work is ntunly a hisloay. On the contrary, an intensely interesting 
ibxy hit been conlriTed, in which hntorical characters bear a part, 
and to (he effect of which they contribute ; and this without faltifyinf;, 
or even straining, fact in the sli|htwt degree. Ugulitio and Iliiggieri 
are veiy powerfully executed; snd Genivra, Beatrice, and Ilinnca, olio* 
gether diuimilnr character*, are managed with extraordinary «ltill nod 
delicacy. We hare bad no such Italian n>inanc« a* this since idanxooia 
" Belrothed.- 

In the Milier portion of hit yet brief career, there was much question- 
ing whether Ilennan >lelvi||e waa a imn of genius or not. Tneie wa* 
•cnielhitig w new in the author's style, and in the aentinienti it clothed. 



that Biuidr}- dfcuian-loving critin licmUled not to pronounce him a 
dioriatui, wbiUt th« mom cnulioiuor »ager veUraoa shook their hea<b 
with a world of mnning in tho motion, or damurvly «ii>pi-nd«ii their 
opinion. It h ever thus when n man of original geniita nppean berore 
the fubtic At it wu with Byroii, m w&h it with K«sn. Accord- 
u^y. " Let ua wait and tee vhat U«nnan Malrillo will do next," re* 
nuulced tatoo, and otbere authorilatirttly crioij out, " Than i* nothing 
more to bo expected from him : hi* b«lt in (hot." 

But lu« bolt wu not shot, neither had ho but ono bolt, or if m, Ihi 
knevr how to rccoA'cr it a^in. His goniiu b not the tola arrow of a 
fbolUb archer ; it is mor» liku the Atutralian boomerang, which, with 
whalem fom !l tntj be thrown, cornea back to the hand of its poa- 

Wo alway* had faith in the goniiw of Honnaii MelvilU, or mther, we 
Itad eyei to bm it. Who could not pcrncive the fine thinj^ (and how 
thieUy fttulded they w*re!) in Oinoo and Typhee, iind flianii — who 
«xoppt ihoce mightily triiical connoiiMun who, dutticiiiij; &ults at a 
glance, propowd to diKOTcr beauties by shutting one eye, that they 
tnij^t dir(«t a koeocr glane* with lh« ath«r, and by a mistake— arising 
haply from over-eagem^d — closed both. 

Tbr foregoinfi remfirlcs hare be«n suggeMed by a peruj&l of Melrille'a 
laat work, " Th« Whale," which ii eertainly one of the most rcmarkabla 
books thai ha* appeared for many years past. It is, however, a perfor- 
mance of which no btief, and at die same tima intelligible, deaciiption can 
be mdcrad. Wlto, in a few mfitences can supply lum a Bummory of the 
mental andphynool qwlities of Captain Ahah,a» shall distinctly present 
to the mind ■ eye of the reader that extraordinar}' chuacler t Th>! one 
OTer^mastering paasion of the man — his furious halrvd of the while 
wfaala, Moby vitlk, — through what scviica of grandeur and of beauty that 
moneniania impeU him ; to what eneounters it leads — what catastrophe 
it prtdpit«t«i : who ia to tell in a fcore or two of lines ? There are 
docriptions in this book of almost unriTolItd force, coloured and warmed 
as they an, by tb« light and heat of a most poetical imagination, and 
nuSBy puMgea might be cited of rigorous thought, of oumvit and tender 
■mt imcnt, and of glowing fancy, which would at uncc suffice to show — coa- 
tnt or dispute about the matter being out of the question — that Herman 
Uclvtlle is a man of the truest and moat original genius. 

We ore indebted to the accooipliahed authoress of " Mildred Vernon," 
Cw aootber voty dever and interesting novel, entitled " Fatkenburg." 
Wo an told in the pre^o tlmt the authoress has merely endeavoured to 
reeord ercnts that she has witnessed, and to describe churactcrt that she 
has known, so that, " invention is the last merit tliat must be sought 
£or in tbeae pagea." But for this annuuncemant we should assuredly have 
aacribed no ordinary amount of that quality to our lady writer ; for a 
miwaiioo of more no*el-lik« scene*, and a more goneml introduction to 
diancten that wear the garb of fiction, we do not usually see and nuel 
with in proCeaied woilu of that clau. 

While we porfactly agree with the authoress, that the hero is not 
highly nlculatcd to awaken the reader's lympathtes, we cannot hold 
with her that tho dineuement is at all at variance with preconoeiirod 
ideas of poetical juatiee. We marvel that she should have taken so much 
trouUe wiUi a worthlnsi ftUow like Falkcnburg, and sincerely hope that 

VOL. xxxt. t 



ilic liik to which itlie lia* (wn«gDed him. i» one «f her matters of fact. 
Tiat ii pwtica) juslioe, at all evenla. 

Thii cliaracler is drawn with ffT<^at cam and abilitv : bul he u n very 
diaim;roeable coxcomli. Lilian is as well execulDt), and is his Gttii^ 
jtftrtnof. Lody ^toni', Norbeif;, the yoiuij! composer, nnd ficlcn Qame- 
nin are worthy of all pntiM. Th« sulhorMi of Patkenbturg may do much 
faolLer Ihingi than this very good iiurd, if the nill but ^ve more labour 
I to the conirtnietion of a itory. 

We have been vtry well plewed ■with " Ploranoe Saekrflle ; or, Self- 
dependence," by Mre. fturbuiy, und. on tuniiii^ to the dedication, after 
baring rejid thn ivorlc. we were nther euipriied to tec that this nuto- 
btography is llie tirat production of the nuthorvaa. It iovt her much 
credit, and there is that kind at well as uiiinuTit of merit in it, that leadi 
IIS confiilvntly to expect belter thing*. W« will venture to tugSDtt to 
the sulhoren that, in the event of her meditating u $«coti(] work, ehe 
will do well to coiifliie hcnelf to iniddle-clau lif^— to euhew May Fair 
and B«l)!raviu. That pari uf her p»»ent iiov^l in vrhieh Florrnco ap- 
pears ua the poor counUy nctn-ts, it by fur thv bent of the wh<>I«, and 
nminds lu of similar disclosures in the autobioinsphy of Mrs. Cliarkv, the 
, joungeal daughter of Critlk-y Cibbct, written a hundred years afjo. 
i- Than u no luck of plot and character in Flonnce Sackriltc. There 
ins been a itr«ng determination on the pait of Mrs. Burbiiry to aniuse 
and intereat llie reader, nnd the. haa auccoeded. The story never tiags, 
but rather increaic* in spirit as it proceeds. 

We have not time, or to speak more correctly, we have not spnoe, to 
do mow than give a hearty welcome to the Christmas book of Mr. Wilkie 
fiollini^ entitli^ " Mr, Wriiy'* Cush-l>ox ; or. The Majk and the Mystery." 
Wo certainly Jul not expect, from the autlior of '■ Antoiiino," ao pretty 
and graceful a contnbuliun to the season a* this. We shall not do him, 
«r our rcadere (toon to be hia) the iiiju&tkc of telling the sccrcta of &lr. 
Wray aiid his Cash-box — we leave them as a " ma^ and a mystery ;" 
tut we cannot forbear saying that the spirit of his ^odftither would sc^cm 
10 have descended upon him ; fur Uavid Wilkie liinisrlf never set 
b^ore lu ■ mure finished idcture of Camtliar lif«. 


Sour, in (vpty. Biy fii-M "ill My* 
W'Mle niMiy ethers will wy '• Nay ;" 
My nat, peibniM, ymi 'il think a qui^ 
If 1 ■taouU rail VIM whirs it ii : 
II y vbols \ a plaea, v« niiiit miiaw. 
To which e'eii Briuin'n M<lf miigt Imw i 
Wkioh limver eliie& bud »niiii-« tKwati, 
Tban W«IUn|iiMi aad all bis h«u -. 
AuA tnirvr ireoirli. — aitd. to tliiirl. 
Will fiv« niun> onmfiirt, jojr, and kjHirl. 

M. A.n. 




Xi fit Mf (Unn it it I lai|Ul^ |WX«^ Wmn yiynr»r 4 ft tlpMijMX «rT 
MWiWUf Ui«a»l»l«'— UlMOITIirXHt th> CWVtM. 

Carau iiKttMitiak opio 
QuiHinit Kb efentu beta nounda puMt. 

UviD. //fr«W, 



" Th* MKB Mirii if Collitiii, em ih« gnaHn mTIct wrarM*. uiil uaomqucr* 
•Ills «•• ky Um d«\nt trwdwry."— tlALLAMi 

A niUKivn abwrralion ii made hj M. Micbck't, in bia 1" Tr^cll 
JliiilAire Modeme." an the Minctdonoe tiMwctn \hv grcAl oUinologinl 
anil tho gnal Uieolncical divuion* of modem Eim>p«. * Oenurully «p«]ik- 
iag, we find that the nutioni ot' Slaronic nee. such as tho Ituuian and 
niikdem Gnclr, adhere to th« GfctIc thurch ; An<I thnt the poiiutntion* tn 
which the G«niuiiuc vUmont predomiRalet (aa it does in ovir ovm, in tho 
8wtdi*h, Norwf^ion, r>aiii«h. and the iiationi of North Ovniiaiiv) 
hat« (Mtilraoed the rcfoniked <loctrin«<; whil« the Roiniui CaUtoIic fiiith 
ttu rctdmnl !tt a^omAsu^y in Uie toiuttrica which arc principally inha- 
hited tiy dnccndanU of the tribeB that were fused together under Iinperiul 
Rdme (lor exeni|)lc, in Itnly, Sfwin, Prance, and Southcri] (3«nnany), 
wid al#o in Celiie cc«ii)lries, aucb as Ireland, beyond tho boundorjr ol Ibo 
vmpini of the ancient Cietara. 

Thii cU*aificati»n i* nut iriihout cxecptionii The Poles, for iiulaiiee, 
■tp Slavonic in moe, b«t Bomaii C&lholic in creed ; ^bilc Celtic lVale« 
b pTKRiinenlly Pr«1fslaiit. Si ill tho cbxsiflration it to a great extent 
eonvet, urn) it b eminently nagge^iTe ; and, it) a Ircalise of dilTetcnt 
dc*crij>ii«n to that r>f thete biosmphical sketches, it might be worked out 
iritit intercft and adrontage. 

Thrre vrai. however, a time, when iht- doctrines of the Reformation 
•e«ra«t duttimd to scfaiere far aiDplcr conquest* over ttic dominion of 
I'lpol Rook tlan they hare ultimately n^nliied. Fmnce, In prtieulnr, at 
tht) cotRnwncenient of tlte leeond half of lh«i fixteenlb reiititry, appearrd 
\9 K* almoit won orcr to l*roteatxuitisin. The liugueiK^ia (at lliu followera 
of Die Itcformcd Ftuth in tJial country wcr<t temied) formed the niort 
infliMittial, if nut the hirgeat pari of Dm population of many of tlio prin- 
dftol proTincc*, and of nearly all the provincial cupitab ; they were 
outnerous in Patifi ; nor was tltcre a linftie dintrict or tovrn in France, itt 
which ihvy had not obtaini'd conrorti and power, bcfon: the war nf 1562, 
Had ProKtt&RUdu contiRucd tbtu to adTance, or even if it lind but 
nsintainrd the jpoond which it had won among the Fri'neti, vie cannot 
bslp l«Ba<r!iw that the tame (-fTcctt would haru hcon pniduced on the 
CAiurtitutknaT poiitioii and carver of that rtalion, which tho tuccca of the 

* " l/£iirnp« a'Mi trmrOo, dcpuit la Ktronac divlsfv il'<iiie muniTrv x'' '""*' 
t\tm »w l> divlrfoa 4n lauoi^ Lw peujilr* iln nir« KninaiiM *i-ui rv«U* C«il)i>- 
B^ui*. lit Trouataa^Mi 4i]mine diei oriu Ae la race Oenn*»i<(u«t t'<((l>i>« 
II (OTigii* elwv tc« r**>plM tnat«i."_Vut. li. p. Wi. 



B«foTm«tii>n Miwcd it. other Kuroptan slates. Tlw; prngrow of cml 

oeny would havK Iwen «imuluuieou« and Knxiual with eniianchi»ement 

"om Rpinlud. thralilom. No despotism, ellWr roynl or .occrdoU, could 

na « i>wii effected ; and oo revolutionary reactions, dthcr of anarchy or 

from Rpirilual thraldom. 

iT« W,i (ff^tcd; and 

'nhtloiiiy would havo followed. Franco, aftflr thrw centurici of 
religwua freedom, would, Utb 


^ ,Vir '**"'*'"' would, Itoth socially and potitically, be in a condition 
Wf aiHerent to that, which wc now contemplate with enxiety and 


Th« history of the Befonnalion in Fcarwe is a mournful one ; but U 

pre«nu nanocj to our notice which every good heiirt muit delight to 

honour; and foremort of thow is iho name of GiMponi do Coligni, the 

8uit«sma[), the soldier, and the itaiut ; who long wii» tlie itoutc»t chnmpion 

of tho Trotestunt cause, and finally became the mort glorioui of it* many 

tnartyr^ Unliko his comrade Cond^, ho waa proof against the vicioui 

blandiahmenta of the cnomy'v court, dji well ai against the terrors of their 

c»tnpa. Familiar with ddfeat, ho never l«amed despair. HaUam has 

"•U oomparcd his indoinitable energy to the 

" AtMCtm anliiiBiu CkUHiI* ; " 

but the Huguenot chiof, wliilo lully «iunl to the ancient Roman in 
probity, in xu If- reliance, and in unflinching fortitude, was far sufwrigr to 
him in comprdienMveaeu of judgment, and in fertility of rtwuurne* ; and, 
inoKWTer, the afiiclionate gentlenMs which marked the private life of 
CoUpii, contnials favourably with tho Hoic coar>«neas hy which tlic cha- 
racter of Cato was defonnod. 

Thv fattier of Coligni was head of an ancionl and nobia house, and 
vros tho seigneur of ChutUton-Eur-Loin. At hi* deal)), in 153S, ho left! 
three noiw, tlien of lundot yfan, all of whom became tMiiinvnl in French 
history, nnd all of whom cmbrdkjuj the Prot*it,Tiil doctrinal, thou^li 
trained up in tho Romish church. Tho nldcr brother, who ix known iu 
the Cardinal d« Cht'itillon, was nited to that high ecclesiaalical dignity 
by Clcincnt VII., in 1533. Chiofly through tho infliiOQce winch his 
younger brother exerted over him, h« bocariie & convert to the tenets of 
the nuformers in hb middle age, and took part in the early sccnea of 
llie civil wars. ARcr the r«ver*c which lii« party sustained at tho 
battlo of SL Douys. he tied to England, whcn# he died in 157 1. Tlw 
youngur brother, Oandelot. was itie fint of the three who becaini; a Pro* 
tealanU He wa« a skilful and ^tant soldier; and signalized himself 
npcatcdly by hia entcrprizo, bis incxbaustiblc reisurccSi and undaunt<:d 
nttrit,as a commander of the Huguonol forces from the first outlirtink of 
the toligious wan until hia death soon after the battle of Janiac, in 1 ^69. 
Oasf«ro, thir f^reat CoUnii> or the Admiral (as he ii olWn termed, frotn 
having held the titular cmce of Admiral uf France), was the middle ono 
of tho three brothers, and wo* bom nt Ch.'itiiipin-iiur-Lnin, on the Ifith 
of February, 1517. He served with dinlijiclion in Uiu later wan of 
Tnndi I. ajtainst Spain ; and with his brother Dandi-lot recoived knight- 
hood on the field of battle at Ciniioles. He wns nflerwurd* raised to the 
important post of colonel-gcneial of the French infantry, and In 1552 
wat nominated by Henry II. Admiral of France. He was takon prisoner 
at St. Quentin by the Spaniard*, and und<;nT«nt a long mptivity ia 
« before ho rt^nod tm liberty by peyntcnt of a heavy ransom, 
•tg tlie long hours of wliludc and eoinpiiliory inaction which Iil^ 
f-a his Sfaiiuh priwin, lie medilaled deeply and earnestly on reli-^ 



eoni mbjccU : and tktta hui tPtum to Fiwnce, the coiirenation of his 
iii«ther DandeJot, who hnil nlnady join«d th« Hufj^enMn, oonKrni*d th« 
liiu Ui the I*nri*Mtant doelrineii, wfii^ his own studivi nnd d«liheratioi» 
had enatcd. Coligiii now rcainicd oU his appointments and prclvrmenti, 
except the Bominal mnk ftf admiral, and ralircd to bis «atale», wlicro ho 
pa w ed his lifne in fen'eiil devoli«n, and tn the enjojmcnt ^r tli« calm 
happinoM ofdoiiKstic lifK But the cry «f mflcTinji which ixim from hia 
lellow>PrMeitaal>i o^nit vrltutn lite pcmiciou* inilu«ncD of the Priiicoa 
of Lwraine in the French court kindled the fires of persecution throach> 
out Pnnor. >0OD drew him from his blnmdcM and chcri«hed repofe. He 
at fitat Uugfat to providi: for Ihuin a refuge frotn opjircMuin, hy founding 
cdIodU* of tVinch Pnt(«tante in America ; hut hia projects prt>v«d un- 
vuooauTul: and a* the tyranny of the violent party ani'ing the t'lvncli 
Catholiea ptv mon and more aiarming, Coligni deemed that bulk honour 
and eooscwnce n^uind him to stand oponly l^rwiird in behalf of his co* 

No daae «f men erer irei« more lor^-auffering, or showed more unwiU 
lingnMi to riao in mnm sffrainst their domestic tyrnnto, than the much 
aduiniaat«d Hoguamits of l^aiK*. When we nnd Iha hideout edicta " 
that wees pn»iu%atcd ^^ainat tliem, and w!iich woe not mere <nnpty 
Ihrests, but were atniod Into execution throughout the land vrith unro- 
leotiqg and stTenuoui ferocity, we feel that if eror the right of s^> 
deftnee can male an apptral lo arms justiRable^it was ao in their instance. 
Extenninalivn oi apoetosy fbmied the only choice that their nilcra 
oS«nd tiusD. Maelnntoah, in liis " Ilittory of the Gngliah IleTolution of 
lSS£,"h«a truly tenoed the ^ueetion of when subjects are justified in 
making war on their (omtign, " a tnracndous piobli'm." Bui the amiie 
■dnindifo writer has bequealbed lo ut a full and luminoui code of the 
nles and principles of immutable nioraLty, by which this awful iwue 
nutt be tricd,+ aod do one who ii familiar with theie prindplct can 
liMitAie in pnMHniiioiRg that the war on t1ic part of the French Hi^ue- 
nota was lawfid and laudable before God uid man. 

Coligiij is poculiariy frc« from the heavy impututi^i), nhJch inaurrvft- 
tiaosiy leaden incur, however groat their provocation, who introduce the 
Appeal of Baltk in ciTJI controvcray, and (to use t}ie emphatic langua^ 
«( iUlton) "let loose cJkc sword of inlealine war, aoaliiiig the land in her 
own gore," befbra ererj- other posnble mode of obtaining protection from 
further enonnons wrong has beon attempted, and attempted in vain. 
lie WW wholly unconnected with the entcrpriK (known in French hia- 
lery u the conspiracy of Amboiae) by which aome of the Protearlant 
ehi«6 deeigDcd to u-itk<Irau- thn young king, Francis 11^ forcibly from 
tba bflnoflos of the Guiies, and which may be considered the lint overt 
Mt of iotumctien. Not that CoimIc it to be eoodemned for that etTort, 
' bat the admiral's cxoeeduig loyalty is proved by hie having kept aloof 
Inoi it Colicni continued to seek socunty for his co-rvligioniats by 
| ii— table ncans, for two ycara after that unsuccessful enterprise, from 
tlw SBvaga rsprisab of the Court upon iu authors. Me seemed at one 

' flee la panicuUr itw tlJkiodcJ in Marab'toxMlltnt "HisMry oFtihe Rcror- 
I — li sa ia fniMr," ruL i. p. ID& 

-t 8ee llie KIotmuJ) Charier ol Mscklnimh's work. That dniiler ii iti nuUior't 
■wriOTpieer. It ou^i la ta asparaiclj pnUislied ; and twDoao s luanusJ of pr«r]r 
hWnrlcsl ttudent, aod every praMleal (lofilldsji. 




time to be gueic««rul in liU l>Um<.'l»« exertion* ; and in tho Atseinbljrl 
or Notsblca, h«l<] in January Hat. m edict vnt inued, rallvd the 
'Riitt of Pftttfication," giving a pftrtiol ttilcmtion of llio frotutant 
CTtui, nnd >uapi^<lii>g all penal iwonntings on tlu' grouiiit of religwn. 

Till* wai all that Colipii Mrore for. He luid at tlw time to snme of 
hia aJbermtt : " If wg hare our religicn, wh«t do «« Tant mon V But 
ihoK. wIm had made iMb cnnccs^kn, ivcre treacberoiu aa tliey wen cruel, 
and thfi fair pDniiae which Fnmcc !HH;iiitd la have acquinN] of tranquil* 
lily wai destined to be soon deatroyed. 

Two powerful fmriic* were anayad againtt the HugueiMtB, oni; of 
which ci)n«iHt( d of ilieir avowed and 1mi>l)icable vriemiea. This was headud 
by the Ouites, with whotn the Conatal>U Muntmorcnei. and the Mnrrchal 
St. Aiiiln'^ had ijccn itiHiicrd to cnlw inlu tcof^fr. Tb«w men bnMithi.-4, 
Ihv very iipirit of the Inquisition Agatnit rrole«taiitii>in in n»y fonn ; and ' 
weK>(>&|n^r to f>laylh(> part in Fntiic« which Philip [Land Ids gencml, lliv 
|>iikc of Alva, wcru performing in tlin dnminionn of Sfmiii. I,M8 fanail- 
cally riolcnt, lut fnr more fonxidaVte, through iti false show of niode- 
lalion and favv^ur. wu ihe pnrty of the Queen-mother, Catjicrino of 
Mnlicis. Catherine dmtded the power of ihe IfoujMir of Ouisc ; and was 
uncn Riad tn nvail hcndf of the Pioteatant intcrvst as a coimtorpoiiQ 
Againit tlicra. Tlut though tli« jealousy wliicli animated hon«lfand her 
t«ns ftgaintl the Priiicce of L»Tratne was great, llitir lialri'd of tha llu- 
(Cuenots wasgrealer; and Ihdr occasional emulation of friendship enalilcil 
thfmi to wnuiJc it more malignnnlly and more coinfilotcly. 

T)io_v had nded with Coligni and Coiido and the other Proti-stant 
chiefs in enacting the edict of pacilicalian. and had thnrtttiy givon a 
elwick 1i) L)i« power of the Puke of Ouiso and hi* conR^deni'teit. Itiit 
when their tcmpomry purpo»e waa served, the wise provisions of tliot i 
MtitI wen h4 al nought : thn Protivtant* were again exjHKcd to outragaJ 
and sInuKhter at thu linndt nf tliiir foe*, nor could any rodren be ob- ' 
Ijunvd from the mynl triUmuls. Al length oecunvd the inassacre of Voni, 
wbsre (lie nrnut) followen uf llie Duke of Outm altacktfd a defi^nceloM^H 
Ixidy of I'r'itciilniita, while on^^'d iti the services of lli«ir church, aiiJt^^| 
slaUKhlcrtd •■■vrml hunJn'di of ihcin undi-r tho eye of Ciuiev, if mil by ^* 
liis (tnlenu Kecking fiom this caiTi{i(.t>, the bonds of t)ie Lorrainrs 
enli-nxl l'iiri», wlnre tliey were fnlhusiastically recdvcd by the fanatic 
pu|>iilii«i, which was dcvuiijd to tliv Catholic cauac 

f.'Diul^' nuw M\ the capital, and sintiinoit^^d Du- rrotostant nobility anAi 

Kilry 111 rati/ niiind him in ilefirnce of thuir liv«« and their creed, 
lignl h-rifi ihliiytd joining him, mid evinced n hcsilaiiun and a rehic- 
lann* lu cmUuk in dvil war. wliidi ompliaticnlly attptt the ^iwdnew, 
wtiilf Itmy in nu dnfiiwi (Ivtrucl front llio gTcninoM uf his character. 
■ lis *i(f, whir nalurally thougtil that aa^iiety mi her uccnunt aided in 
iMlraininjr !■''"• rohortcd him iii wordi of mete Ihan lEnmtin iiHignn- 
lidiiily U arm in dufmrnt of llio thousand destined victims of I'ltpitt . 
ntlvlty, who looked up lo him for guidance and protuetion. ColiKni^ 
timod on liBf and on the fHcnds who lhroii|p>d round him, thv frarful 
ttsKs (if ih* antarpiso, and his iNiriicrt Joiirr to watt in patience for 
liftbii linM'S, and rest upon lite public (iiith rather tlian justify persecu- 
tion l>y linvinif recnurM> to violcncu. Unconvinced and undaunted, (ho 
Url'iint- r>'ii--Mi',| her inlitnlir* (<> tho li»f(i-iirig hero. Klitt told hitn that 
di priVknr':' wo* nul wimluiii liiward* Uv<l. D'Auhigni' prolcucs to 



Teporl ihU remarkable conrcnation From tlie lips o^ thaw who wciv pK- 
Kot , nnil lie Btalcs lliat »lic pmcet-ded to urge on bim these worda :— 

" God luu tn-slowtd en yod the (^ius of a ||;re«t captain — will you 
ntiae the use of il to his diUdrvii i You liavo eoiifiiwed to the iuslice 
oTth^caun — ianot the kniffhUy sword you bear pl«d)[cd to the ocfcitcc 
of th« «pprMMd ? Sir, my heart HtcAt for otir ilnughKred liruthrcn — 
and their Uootl crie» out ta Ooc] and Ilvavun ngalnut you at the mut* 
dcrer of those wliom you mlRhl have saved." 

" Sinee^" replied the Admiml, " the reuoni which I have this evening 
stleScd a^Dniatan inoAvctuDl remittance, )mve made m htllu imprcKsioit 
upOD your mind, lay your hund upon your heart and answer niL' this 
quettion. Could you, without niumturiiig neainitl IVovidcnvn aiid the 
hunbsnd tn whom Heaven haj unitt-d }ou. rereivti the n«n« of a );eii«ral 
defeat t Are you prejuuvd to endure tht- i>i>proliriuiii of your em^niie*^ 
Uie n-pro4iclM-« of your fric»d«— thu Itcachi-iy of partisans — the ciirict of 
ihc [>ci>ple — confiBcaiiori, Hi^ht, exile — the inioleiicc of the Boglisli, the 
(liivn-li uf th« Gvraiiiit — sluune, nnkedrtuM, huiifjer — and, what in 
vtytne, to auiler all this in your children ) Ak you pn.<.pQrud to *i.v your 
hoiiliatKl branded a* a rebel and drafs^ to a waffold ; while your 
cbildieii, di^mevil and ruiiied> ar« bugging their bread at the hmidt of 
ihirir eticmica ? I (iiv« you eight days tu rcdi-ct upon il, uiid when you 
■hall be wc-ll prvpnred for such reveriee, I will be rtwdy to sot forward, 
and pnixli with yoii and our mutual rrit'tida." 

" Tl*e eiKht days are already «spiii.-d ! " she cried. " Oo, Sir. where 
your duty colls yoo. Hoavcn will not give the victory to our citcnitv*. 
In tlie aante of God, 1 call upon ynu to resist no longer, but to save our 
tiKBllirvn, or die in tlie attempt.'' 

On the next moniin;; Colif^i was on horseback, with all his retcuncrs 
louod him : and, \vit)i a hiuvy lit-uit but a clear euiitcieiice, he zwia on his 
way to join Corndi- ut Mi-uux, v.hit^h vros now, iit thu oiurly vpring of 
I jOS, toe bo»di|uartcn of the intur^cm HugiiinotB, 

'flke lii^b nink of tbo Pruiea ot'Omdi-, ns well at his brilliant ubilitiu 
Mid chi<ridiuuii cuura^, caused him to be ackiionh-dgcd na cliiuf of the 
ProtctUuit |:«uty ; but Coligni was looked on liy friends and r>ws at Ihu 
main pillar uf ttKJr cauiui ; and tl wan be that |r»ve orgamzalioii to the 
volunlevri whu (locked around hiuiralf and the I'rinee, lint at Mvuux,and 
anerwanlt in greater mini Icra at Orleans, when towards the end vf March 
they sufci:«ded in oontpying that important cily. and nuikiiig it a cenlK 
of operatiuns for tlw liuf;ut^iiot L-on&ideriKiy. Like Croniwtll in aAcr 
time*, Coligiii rvliix) on the ri-ligious uiithusiaeiii oe well as the natural 
bravery of hut troops. He exi^rcitt^ It.em by pr<'ac!iiiig uiid prayer as 
well a* by drilling and nian-turring. ilo !ns|Mii.-d tliom with his uwii 
S|wil ofauiterc devotion to llidr cause: and the Hugui-not untiy was in 
its first csunpoigns as eoiupii^uiius for good urd«r and morality as for 
vuionr ; though by degtve* it becaitM tainted viitli tliv wmlonvy tg 
nnroudtng and to brutal violence, nhiih has ever cliaracterizeil the 
Freodi even beyond iht! scddiory of other nation*.* 

* Csllpit IiIbimK fMiM*«r front Uie h(U[iiiiiiiiK, iliit ill* imliijiinl >-Jiiir;it'i4« of 
hit MMiilrriMa WM ilie»in)Mlilile wilb tW loo* runiiiitisncu of tUt Mibiiy •liwi. 
pline vUcli be Iwd introiliioed- Om; uI liii (•|>taiii», li Kouo, lulli iii, %Hrr itt- 
•crltini^ lb* ouiulurl ttl lim Ilui;i»nu>l tnMpt at Uiu IwuiiuiiiifE uT the war, 
■• Mail) wan giManlibnl M tbU &■» onkr i noil I nnianiUir my Imdwr. il. da 
IMiKitj ui<l inywtr. dihwunin^ wiili Jl. rAdminil. aiti-luailij It mudi, " It ia* 
Kaclliii^;," uui l>c, ■' mofttmani ^n'ttb durv. tv( I (Wr ilii* itmyk will *Mn b* 


gJinV^"^ 0»tholic pwty now sought support ftom Philip H. rf 
Spam, from l,. n^^ of Satoy, the Bm^ wd Mher fcreipi prinee. 
!nmn!^Ji^ ' •"<* *•« HuguenoU. to the d^ «gn.-t of CoKp.?. ww 

ftfH J^ *Uwbeth praoiised luecours in ni«n and money, or condition 

-bTS J J " *'*>• ''''* ™"* of **■« «*"" «'«'g P'«« '° Nonwrndy, 
■™ ■? "rf *^ *>» Pr»l«tanl mm) being placed in her power as a 
r™ ' twr repayment. Tlw Ownian l.uth«nm princes permiltM a. 
lango auxiliary fort* of UniqwneU and heavy-atined cuTolry to ha ral«d 
amonR in«t ,ml,j«:u in bclialf of the Kronch PolwtanU; and D'AwlcIot 
«« awpatchej into Cktmimy to place himself at th«ir h»d, and load 
Iftem across the Rliino; a dilBculi operaiiou, whicl. he nocomplished 
w>w grcttt slcill, a„d joined his httrthew and Conde at Pluricrj. near 
wneans, late in tlie vear, and at a crisis when the fortunes of ihe Protes- 
taw party appeared reduced to a ver%- low ebb, at in tin- interval which 
'""**'*P**^ ■'"« the commencemenrofthe war, though ibcrc had been 
i» wigogcmcnt beiwwn th« main armiw. the Iloyolists had gained 
°*T°"'w ■*'""'*"'S*"'. nnJ hud capluwl many totniB, Iwlh in tW South 
nnd in Normandy, which hud originally declared for the itwuremts. 

wligni and Cond^ with their own troops nnd th«ir (Jorman alliei nov 
(December ISflS) marched upon Paris; hut finding il hopeless to 
atiompi the atomi or aicgo of the capital, thoy led their imny towurds 
Nonimilily, desiring to form ■ junction with the Engli«h troop* at Havre. 
Ilie Koyal foroes, commanded nominally by the Constable Monimorenci 
nnd the Martchnl do St Andri, but in which the l>uke of GuJnj vfaa 
llUO preaent, marched for some day* on their flank, till the two amuea 
canw into coHUion on the I9lh of December ut Dreux, where the first 
h«ltl« «f the civil warn was foiizht. In ihii action, after many vicissi- 
tude* of furtuM6, tho Diiko of Qiu«« secured the victory far the Ilomua 
Catholics; and Condi was taken ^'risotwr. Coligni led tlw remains of 
the Prgt«atant army bock to Orleans : whithtr the lluke de Uuiso, at 
tbS hood of a larmly rscruitcd amiy, Hiutscd by their recent Tictory, 
toon adTanerd, wiQi tlie tat«ntion of crushing itisunvcttoti and ProtcM- 
antisin, by the capture and destruction of their stronghold. 

Coligni's situation now aeeniod detpcratir. Hia Ucniiun meccenanes in 
nmor of pay, thrmicned to dewrt him ; the funds which ho had been 
able to collect for the conduct of the war were exlittuated ; and he was 
ultuily unable to encounter tho numerous iind well-appointed force* of 
OuIm. In this eniHrgency he formed the bold plan of leaving hia brotbcr, 
D'Andelal, with Iho hulk of the infantry to defend Orleans, whilm he 
bbnaelf led tho cavalry and a lew companies of fool again to Xormaudyij 
■nd BgBin attctnpled tn avul hiinulf cf the English aupplies of money and ' 
UOfpt. In spite of the mutinoua niurmuriiigs of the Oeiman R-islurs, 
In sph* of the attompts which tlic Itumtui Catholic conioiaudeis mode to 
llllentpl )(in), (.'uligin raccutod his daring sdicmc Iluvie was reached. 
Tha Rngliili luhiidios were Bccured, and the ricli and punerful city of 
Cast) vvluiitarily placed itself in Coligni's power. Meanwhile Orleans 
had h«in wall Jvfended by D'Andelot ; and the great chief of ihe Roman 
CttUiulkiSt Ihe Uidco ofOuiM, liad died by tho hand of an atsasdn. Somo 

llr*<l <tt Ot*it vlltil*. (tr JtnMf AcmiUtf. titur iHaMe. 1 knon ilie Ft«uth lofintry 
*ll sImI If <li* |inMMli Tsil, noiie/rr<MM la orau a la ehtmiiUe." WvliuijchiNl 
,' Imi «i|isrisM« sbowwl he wu ]iM|ibeiie." 



aUcnipla wpiv moile to iinplicalc Coiioni iii iLp guilt of this murctei, but 
liie Ailirifal imJignnnMy denied the oluu^; iwr it ilicrc any fciouiid for 
bdienqi him tonTemii the luat cognuianoe of Po!trul's ehni«. 

Tfa* dcfitli <S Guiw iDBila a temporaijr incificatioo e&ay ; and tha 
edict of AmtwtM on tbe ISlh of Miurch, I^SS, by which a narrow and 
KHrictcd petniifinon for the exercise of the Pnteatant religion wna 
aOowed, eloaod the fint war. 

This pcMC on the part of ttic BoyaJasts woa only a hoUow and n 
tnetlnwM truce. Freah communicatioRs with Fhilip II. were opened ; 
aad aa intervir^vi,- toolc pUce in 1 5C4 ut Biiyonnc, brtvrccn Cathi^ne, htr 
BOQ CItariM IN., and the Duke of Alva, a most wirrtliy rcpmenlatire of 
the gloomy bij^l who tilled the Spojtiah throne. There ii every ivaion 
to Wlitvo thut at tbut meeting; the ^Mtruction of tho ]^r0't<-.«tant8 by 
cnft or bj force woa concerted. Tlie iTeaty of Auiboiw waa now 
openly and repeatedly violatud by tlie funntic ptrty of the Frciick Roman 
Cathotica ; atul the Hiiguciu>(* wen.' again driven tu tiilce up aniiR Jti nclf- 
de&nce. CimJo and Coli^i advanced upon Paris, and fought on t!ie I nth 
of November, 1567t the Kau^iiiury buttle of St. Danyfi iLtraiust the 
nyalitt ioiec*. The Huguiinots wvrc buatnn, but Cdi^i rallied them, 
and nianhlng towards tlie Mouaei tSivted a junction uilli frwh bands 
of OtTinan auxiliaries. The war now raged with redoubled horror ia 
every di«tr!ct of Fraiiee. Alnnued at the slrt-ugth uf the Huf^not 
anny. Callicriiic tried and aiccesafully exerted her powers of persuasion 
and deceit over C<iad6, and • second ^tblcu posco, called the tn«ty of 
LsBejnmtsu, was eoiuluded ; but when the llu^uenol forces were d!s> 
hnDOcd, and tbcti Gennan auxiliaries dismissed, tiie royalists renetred 
the war. 

In lJie9, the indiacnet spirit of Cond^ brought tlie Protectants into 
aAion at Janiai.% tinder heavy disadvantagw against the (lower of the 
Catholic amiy. Conde was letiled in the battlei aud a lar)^ part of his 
loTcea routed with hnary iLiiugbter; but Coligiii wasugiiiii the Ajax, of the 
cause, eoTered tlie letreaUand lewpuuied the ftigilives for ftesb exertions. 
But tlie waves of calamity were not ytt spent. The liostilu armiet met 
again at Monteoiitour, aud the I^otettant* *ii*tui)i-d the idkbI cumpk-to 
and rourderuui overthrow, that had been dealt to thi'in Ihrougliout Uie 
war. Coligtii's brotlier, the gallnnt D'Andclol, wo* mortally wouiidetl in 
this dtSMtrous field ; iDUDy of his stauncbett friends Imd falleri ; msny 
abandoned him : and he foucid himaell' a furtive, witli otily a r«w bantu 
of RiutinKrs around hiiii, the wrvck of tlie (^Ihuit omiy lliat he had 

But it was in this d^th of gloom tlint the trua heroic lustre of his 
•oul wtw K-en. Fearless himtolf of wluit nuui could do unto him, he 
calmed tlie panic of hi* feUowtfSi and Lns^nred thcni with his own 
tiiergy. He who has innate Ktrensth to stand arnid the atorm, will soon 
find others flock aiouiid, and G^rtlly him while they sevlc support for 
thomsolres. When it was known that Celigni'a banner dill was Hying, 
llie Frotettartts of France and Eaflem tiurtnany, who at first had been 
ttuaiied by tlie n!]iort of Muiitconteiir, llirDogcd to hiin lu to n strong 
tower in the midst of trouhtc. Wliilc the Itoyalists were exullin^c at the 
hncM annihilation of their foe, they suddenly learned that C^ligni was 
spproocliing the capital, at the head of Lli^ largest aniiy that the 
Huguenots had yot sent into ttie Held. Again the device of a trcadicrous 
paaBcaUon was attempted, and ognin it prevailed. Uolignt tvas warned 



tA the p«nonal itang-ec that he incurred, I)y Iruiiting tiin faith ol' u M«dici 
and K OuiM ; but hv teplicd tli&t he would ntherlay down hit Life, than 
fee >*riuice cwtiniK llic rittini *f tlie woe* of civil war. 

The treaty of St Oennain* wa» aipicd on the 8th of Au^it, 1570 ; 
and on tlui 24th of Aufiiuit, MTt, the Moasacrc of St. Durthdomuw 
uttestcd with what wortn- thou Punic fait}) the crownud (oiiKpiraton 
of tho Froiicli Court had planned it. lu the inturval, the luosl de- 
leeUiblc and elaborate hypocrisy iras employed to lull the Buspicion* 
of the I]u|iueiK>t chiefs, and to bring them d«fttKeleu into the power 
of thfiircnunies. At l&sl, in the auninier ofUTS, lliey were col l*ctcd 
in Pari*, under the prettncc of bcisji the hontfured f^ixXt of the French 
king, nt the nuiitisli of hit ristcr with Henry of Navarrv. An attempt 
was insdc on the life of Coligni by an aasaaun. in whivh the Admirnl 
WW eererdy wounded. Tlie Kiug und hit courtion afTcctcd tli« utinoBt 
indij^ation at this crime, and the wamicst oympathy with the tufTering 
Tetvmn. But in the curly dawn of the day appointed for the nionl 
un-ChriAian carnage that «r« defiled the earth, a purty of inurdereri, 
head^ by tlit' yuung Duke of Guice himself, broke open the doorc of 
the house wh«7« Coligni lay, and Bucine, one of the Dutcu'* donicrtic*, 
entered with a drawn sword, into tlio room where ilio Admiral was 
ritting in nn anixhair. 

" Young man," said he, undisturbed, " you ought to resf>ect my grey 
hain } but do as you please, you can only shorten my life n few days." 

Itiwntc thrust him through in many piacei, and then threw hli body, 
ildl breathing, out of the window into the court, wh-ere it fell at the tect 
cf the Duke of Guitc. The minions of \hc Louvif. and the slaves of 
the Vatican and Ksciiriol flueked around in hideous Rise, ta inault tlic 
lifelcM form of him, licforc whom thoyhod v> l-nng <[ujiilrd and trembled. 
Tliey gibbcl^d their own infamy in \ainly e««king to dishonour the 
iUuttrioiu dead. lliB ineniory is at onco th« glory and the shame of 
Franc« : and the tery Und of the St. fiortholoinew is, to some extent, 
Itallowtd in Prolottaot eyes, by hnving boon the birth-plaoo of Coligni, 
end the scene of his beioiic earcor. 

I do not pause to describe the tardy tiomasc which his countrymen 
after^rards paid to the imnie and relics of Uic iailen greatn Those ohse- 
quics and jianegj-rie* may bo look«d on as «ome snvall expiation for the 
■tationnl giult of Fmnca; but Coli^! needed thtni not — 'Sviftuv yap 
infaniit- n&aa y^ ra'fofi n'uj oe <tTrj\iu>' fnivuv tV rp ii'utlif tiiifiaini tin- 
V|Mi^4i oXXa i:<u (V 9^ fii Xf>o«qt:oii0p liyfta^iiK fkf*^ *<■)>' <«(ort>r^c 
yiw/iqc /laXXoK t\ rov tpym itiuuxattu,* 

■ Vniat ihv Bpetdi ol IVrii-ln «vlt iIiu AlWnuiit wlm mrtv k'MvA in Initio 111 
ihc rii>( jronr at tlie I'«l»|ii)ijiic*iait Wiu ; repnrMil In iLc (Otmiil bouk uf Ttiucf* 
didM, MvtJou 43. 

un very little known, and, it is believed, were never before in print. 
Two young olRcurs of Artillery obtained leave of absence from Uii; 

gnrriaoii of Malta, in the early part of tliu [ifeicnt century, to tnakc a 

tour up the Medittirntneaii. 
^H At Atlifiis, tlii:y found the ivall of a loJg;ing-boiiBe scribUtd o'ver with 
^H ruuiit'i, ori'd among the collection, Ihoie of Sligo, ilobbauB^, au«l Byron, 
^H uiiiler which, in an ovul riiigi ibey wrote these lines: 

I "^ 

I they 

"Fair AlbJoii, Bmilirg, Bcea her sou depart. 
To trace the birth ani nursery of art ; 
Noble luB cbjeet ! glorioiu liia uitn ! 
He comes to Athens, and— he writes his njimo ! " 

Lord Byron was at Athens at the time, and n few days nf^crw^da 
they Ibund the following, side by side with the former lines, and in a 
aimilar rin^. 


" Thu modeBt bard, like many a bard unknown. 
Rhymes on our DameB, yet wisely hidea his own ; 
And yet, whoe'er he be, to say no worse, 
His name would bring more credit than his verse." 


Under the two they then added, 

" Admiring Athens, as in days of old, 
In these degenerate days may still behold 
Two rival bards contending for her cheers — 
The name of one concealed, and one a peer i !" 



Vox nuoting ov«r every di' script ion of cniiiitry, — coursinfT over 
wuW, iiiciidow, or posture, — ahooliiig on the uioora, iii the covsr, 
«r III tli» open, — and finhing iii river or BtT^amlot, Lavt itirir mduce- 
mvDU, allractiona, aud pxcileint-iit j and euch, nutted to the habila 
or iQcIiiMLions of its ralKries, possetaea its peculiar advHiilwi-ii aiid 
«njoyiiivnts. But, U i» an undoubted fact, lliat itiii aLmoep^uri' of 

Iuic race-ground is noti-d for its purity; wbik' llic lapwing, io icowUi 
takes up its abode there, and the snipe makes its wide expanse its iRcure 
honic. It iR vqually trill' 1I13I ibo Doneaater ground, — or Doacaater 
Moor, iM it was fomtcrly cullvd, — luking alt nmlu-r* iuto tliv vatimatCt 
MirpatMa all olhors. The course, situated a mile from the toviu, U 
Ipproachcd by a magniKcrDt rank of giitnt nlniR, wJiich tbrow their 
•}iad« «t]tlrely ovi-r the broad fouipaib aud part of what waa oiim iliv 
Grent Nortli Road» now virtually iraniferred to tlie Great Northetu 

»Tbo ground is nearly oval, or rather egg-sliapcd; and the difttanre 
is so formed aa not to be quite two miles round, ip order thai the 
(turta for the larger niitnbcr of itakr* c»n bo brticr wiltiiwRcd by iho 
apcclaturs, nlio haw thus prenervcil to tlu-in ihi' ugiporluiiity of viewing 

ttlie resptctivi) competitors proviou^Iy to the eirmrsfle for victory. Tlia 
eouret- is peifet'lly level, except at the Hill, — above a mite from home,— 
the rifC and descent of which itt very couNideriibli-, nuil i« i-j^pi'ciuUy felt 
ill the St. Lcjc'^r race, which is literally run froni end to end at the lop 
of th<! fi]>(!4'd. Thi^tiirf iisi'lf, btfui^ath nhich i* n atralum of ^and and 
gravel, is elTeciuully drained, and pretcnts a eurTace resembling the 
H finetii Turkey curppt. The order in which the coumu is kepi, is perfect 
Hit ia rn!li.-d entindy round. At Itini poiiion of iho ground which la 
H occupied by tlio spectators ou fovt, near ibr ropoulivu alauda, there arc 
Hfour lineft of rails- That pari contained between the two cent ru linvB 
Hin tlie running courM. The training courio is in the inude of this 
' ground. Ity this excellent ariangeinenl, the pedertthns are protected 
on each aid« from being islerfered wiib by carriages and horxc-mcn t 
and benc» the fow accidonta which occur during the taoM thronged 

»ln order thai the Blranger may form a Inie eoneoption of the fomin- 
tion of the ground, let him iniaginr h!ai»clf *lnndinf> od the ruuaing 
Coorse-, »p)>oa)i« ihe Hl Lcgtr starting- poat, which h placed on Ihf 
broad part of the grourd, Hilualt'd nearett the road leadin)^ to the town, 
and upposili' llic Yurksbim Di-nf and Dumb Intliiution. Let him also 
imagine ihnt he ia traversing the »Anio ground an the St. Iicger horat-i 
buiiud over during th« race. Froc««diBg onwards, where iho course it 
|i ofconsidi-rabli' widlU, he crosses the first gravel mad. llii tbvn pastes 
^Uhc udle-and-half po«t. lie aaon renchest the rise of the Hill, wlier» 
^<Uicr« t» a slight curve. It waa at lhi« point nhcrv the Marqui» of 
Eictm-'s Red Oaunilvt was fureed against thi? distance -post, which mta 
1^ literally smoothed into a ihouMnd pieces; and where Epirua, in 1837, 
iwcrviiig from the track, fell bead foremost, and threw bit rider, Scott, 
' ho Not MVerely injured. The stranger will find ibu hill atuep in ita 


J (7 


HMBL Faarine >t tb« lop, b« witl find pW^d bofore bim a stf;ht 
wU^ canoot fail to rivet kla atUndon. From ihi* «li-vatcd poxitioo, 
he bu a tierfect view of ibe whole ground, and, indeed, tea beyond. 
DMeeoaing xbe hill, wbich be will find rnthor prvcipitoui, and reaeb- 
iag ihc boiUHu, he approMhm ibo T*ro-jf«tr-old 11071 inn -poat, o^ACllj 
one mile from bome. The coarse Itimi at thij point. But tbe pent it 
placed out of tbo line of ih« courM,— ^ littU Ixickward*, — so lliat rush- 
tog directly on ihe line, thne jwmg and detii-ato cnMluKs <y>ininetic« a 
stnight nin at ooc«. ProoenKns oowards, the ground n remajkably 
bMuiifol. From the T.Y.C., the ^wint jiitt iiMinlioncd, as far aa tho 
R«il House, iImto exletidtt, ia the oui«ide of the ground, r«iled off from 
tbe oourap, a bell of plantings, coosiiiting of oaks, larehes, beeches, 
chcstitoli, and other trc«(, — tb<^ norit of ihv t>\ii cor|tnnition. ThvM; at« 
not onlj extremely plcBtuint to the eye of tho stranger, as h« wa1k» 
nkingi giTiti?. as ihfy do, a «nugn«« and ii-curity to th« acvne, but 
their etpeoal [uirpoae is admirably Mrved, namely, to f^ive n foil to tbe 
•plei»di(l and varied oulours worn by tho riders during' tbe exciting 
■tniggle fisr the Sl Loger, as well u oihpr races. Advaociiig ouwnrdi 
for a coniidenbte «paoe, anotUn' Cum u approaehed. Opposite this 

Etiiioa, where lh« plnou^on just Rieotioned tennioalea, stands tb« 
!d HouM), placed baekwanls vu tbe right band. Immediately in front 
of this en^TtJuQ, and off thi: line of tho cuurse, in pluced the chainpagne- 
poM. This u called tbo CIlMnpagoe counc. Tlio turn at ttiif point it 
aim obviated by ilio j>oel being phinnl huckvinrdft: and ihui alfo a 
stnu|[hi run is obtained, from this posiiiun 10 the n inning-post, tberaJ 
if only another slight bend on approachini; the four Unci of nhit« r«ils> 
An«-r«nnls tho run b perfectly slrnigbt, perfiieiiy level, and uf a 
delightful nidtli. Still proceeding forward and reuchiiig nilliin tbe 
diniiiiee, tho stranger conies opjioeile tbe (rrand Inland, with iu spa- 
doai lawB imnicdtately in front Htt cannot fuil to b« Rtriiek with tlw 
•legani proportion* and commodious extent of the building, with its 
beuniful rank of stone columns. These support the tirst tier, which ia 
approached b}' thit several lar]^ windows pluced in front. Above tbit 
ponim is the verandah, which man along the front and at both t^nds of 
the vdifioc. It is supported by ca&t-iuetal columns aad secured by 
fJiwdfls of the sime material, llw> light and elegant appearance of 
wIugIi is the ihenie of universal admirdlion. Tbe nholo of the roof, 
wbieb is covered «ilh lead, rises from llie front step by sup, is ocou- 
pi«d by gentlemen, and command* a view of Ihe whole eourac^ with the 
exception of the dip of the hill. To the ri^ht of tho building is placml 
the nobkaien's stand, of the same style of Architecture. A Utile also to 
the rigbt of this erection, hot in the line of Ihe white rails, and imae* 
diately nppi>sito the winning-posi is placed the stennrds' sloiid, a cir<Mlar 
building, where, op to the year 1842, the judge liad bis box filed] 
vrithiti a bow-window, which, alihouj(h commanding a view of tbe courM 
IB both directions, has besn deemed loo high. The judge's box i* now 
placed below this «in<lo«, abotit a foot from the turf,— a [lOsittun which 
enables the jtidge to eom« to a more correct decision, eipeciallv in races 
which are run rvmat kablv close ; thtis learing tbo room abovo lor tlio 
■eeanBmdktiaa of llie M4r>ard« and their fH«ndi. 

A nee-course piolure of this cbarocler is not so attractive a* a pro* J 
dnctlon bearing the touches of Claude. There is no diverailyof hill andl 
vallcy«— no abbey ruins dvcoraivd with ivy,— no walerbrook, Diusical 



with (ong, uLealiDft through the greot) wood, — ^na snu^ «i>Ua|^ home, — 
DO grn church loner, nor those nony applUnc^n wliiiii constilulf llie 
ittnctioni of a Hplciidid landscat>^. When, howt'vi^r. the ackuowlcdKcd 
Kupcriority of ihe grouiid for lh« purposes lo which it i» nppropriitiod, 
with lU buildings Tor (he nccommuilalion asd nucurii.y of iht racing 
commumly, are aasocialed with the beauty of the town itself, the 
alnager nill have no diffinilty id completing the )ticturp. 1'ho whole 
(own, itidei-d — thi- ceiitru of a rich ogricuUurnl district — pnssossea au 
air of comfort and convenience which cannot be surpassed. The wide 
oipaiifie of its «tfe«t*, — the purity of its atmosphere, — the »up«nor 
avcvmniotlcition of its bolvb and iiius,— the eje^nce of it» private 
lodgint{a,^the security by nighl, at well as by day. by the maintenance 
of DEI cfliricnt police, — •th<! itipnriorily of its rncing, — the cx.coll«t)t 
ttrangemtntit on the course,— the mu^nificenoc of its approaches, — 
these, with other mattera, form a whole which cannot bo surpa-tied in 
any other part of the kingdom, and certiiiily cannot be approarlit-'d in 
any other country. And a* tbe custom of ho^Be-raci^^ is peculiar Lo 
EtigUinil, «u it may txi »afely put down an charBcteri^tic uf Eitglishnipn ; 
and the result is, a lireed of hora«s Bupvrivr to any other country on thu 
tacQ of th<! rarlh, because ttiv two essential <(ijalilies of Ki^o' flcetoess 
and detorniiiied endurance, aro mo«t haniioniuusly cunihinud, and iho 
point of hifi-heBt perfection is fully attained. 

i'hc Uiidtcapi', however, to bo seen to perfection, Tccjuircs to be filled 
lip with iiiyrindx of human licingt, all appsrenlly aiijuiuted hy iho «aDio 
iuipnltv, aud r<i[i»eque(itly in pursuit of thi- BJiiiie (ilijecl, giviiijr to "(hu 
very age ud body of the time iu form and prcsaure." The breath of 
ciirtv diiwn, oil thit great day of the St. L*gcr, <oi>niB fraught uith some 
niifjlity cveot, — as if aoiiie gn-at reaull, far out of ihi.- usual raurse of 
things, vra» about to be achivvod. At the morning advances, chiM-red, 
pcrbapN, by the beams of a cloudless nun, the inlcrca increases. The 
arrivnl of mooster trains in almost fearful successiou, from all the Inrf^ 
towut of the country, — eajit, wi»t, north, and south, ^H:ontribiilc their 
thousands aflor thousands. The railway platforms nre crowded : the 
station ground* form a scene of peculiar intere«t and increa>ing cxc!lo> 
tnciit ; and altliough it may puzzle the fordgncr in beholding the nic* 
ture in all its parts,— the liKhla as well a« the «hade^, — the countleas 
ihoUHonds thus assembled to witness llie decision of u hor»e-race, — it 
may be fairly coneidercd as part and parcel of the tialional character. 
The d^use throng in the tnain slretts, which teems to he continually 
aufpieiiled hy other arrivnl* along the rctpoctive wide aveuues leading 
(Othc lowu, chiclly from the lund dislricls, — thn eieitcuicni within llu> 
betling-roum, — Ihi' coot calculator liere. — the dosperaio adventurer there, 
•—4he bustle in the respeetifc inni and privaic rr»iileacest — are suffi. 
cuatljr iodicBlivo thai the ji^reat hour of trial, of victory and defeat, » 
flppKwcfaiii^ with dee[H<rinterL-8t. Ruioonr, with her ihousand tongues, 
may sp««Ii of clisiigeii in the bettiog-»cale — the fnvouritc declining — an 
tmespocted, unthoughl of cotnpctitor cinning nuddeitly but prominently 
into ths narket — one rtill rcronining steady — another gradually sliding 
ma of coDsideration, aud a third wholly exlinguishcd ; but, mith the 
large ma» of tiutors, there is a perfect indilh-fencc a« lo which horse 
nuv win or which liorsc may loie. 'Hicy are altracled to the acene by 
"in and ti^it, by tbe deaire to witness a i-pleudid *pcctae1o with its 
i oDJuyiucnls rather than to mix wilb tlie iutrieaciv* and jiorjdvxi- 



UMof betliof;. "ne "ring is (^tmparativfty small ; ami although within 
ill chanDtd circh', fat«lily may ottcui) Ihc ilitcViargc of th? "scvrnlh 
bunvt." — nlilioii^b it may be now tbe craire from wlirt-h riuli.iiet a iiriii- 
ciplo Iruc or falM?, that rxorcisps ao uudoubtc<i inlluencu ovor ei«ry 
iinp«il3« of raciDg, — ilie people vf England) tritli Ihcir scicnlltic skill, 
lli«ir miuiu fad tiring industry, and their commercial (>ii(erpfi*(!, ore not, 
•trictly »p«aking, a Ix-tting; proplc 

Tbv iaiiuL-uac liiW of humaa beings of all 4:lii»«t^ in socitty, atticvd in 
fiill liolidaycoilunie for the K''ral raciiii; festival, ihui coagreQau-tl from 
all pari* ot thr kin^'dom, ni wnti »■ from obroAtt, in cMintlns vehiclci a« 
veil a» on foot, rolU outvani iii all Ju nii^ht to th<! raci--gTO(ii)il — the 
gmu ihesttv of luriion — whcro lh«ri> are ample roL>in and rorg« «naus;lt, 
and where the ptcturr, finialii^l iit all its paru, become* tnam charac4u> 
rutic, more animated, aod more csciiiiiK^ 

The prpliidv to ihi? gmt dmmn of thvdny only iiicrtaKn tlio iiitenM 
and dM-pitii tlic anxielj. Th« «oTind uf iIk- bell, like the wave of the 
inaipciaD's wnml, arrays evrrylhinf; in pi-rfcoi order for the final r/ciiou*-- 
Dtnt, — till' drri»ioit of an event Mbifh hti» engaged public uliontion fur 
lh« precrdiiig twelvi? nioiilh«, and which ha^ been tviidcred mnrn mvitte- 
rfanii by the MjitciDcni* publifhed frotn litnv to time, by liiejorring re- 
ports (if (irivnie IriaN, and from prival« traiuiiiff-xiitljIeH. niiil uvmi by tb« 
un<«rlajiily in placintj retioncc upon previou* victorie*. Tlw excitrment 
tieoonm, if pu^Mblr, mure inten.«(^ lliirryinn hither, iind ninhiug 
thitlicr, mch apeclalor lak» his placo. Tho Omnd Stand is liiled to 
rpplfiivn, ■« arc nWihe minor itdiltccH; iIil' Mimr, of tho white rail* nm 
aomdri from ten to tvttily de^p ; thi> rnofa of C4rriag:«a are ibron^d ; 
tvery elewted position i* oeeupied ; even,' spot whcro the sole of the foot 
can bo pUced 'n rwiderMl nvnil.ibl<- ; while ih<? conrse itseir, in tho pro- 
•pocv of tm> of lh(iu«nndfl. in pcrfrctly clear fur tlic denptratr Rtrugglv. 
AiNxtnd ihe rinjjr. in the centre of tho lawn, a crowd of Bpociilaiors 
mgerly prc*8, with bcuing-booki open, and pencil in hand. Tlicrc i» n 
cUiucwir of mauy roim, wliicli n^^L^io^ally iiicreiuen to a lund nud iiidr- 
scribablc roar; ifMnpronfident of success — others anxious to make them- 
selrm nafe — llwrc tl«! dc»p*Tnte vrnlurn — thMB the cool and the wntcli- 
ftil—all di^plnyitig tho«? emotions >k\i'k\i thi- r.liurnied circle nioiio can 
call forth in ev*r-varying HnantfMtationtii of feeling and emotion. At 
fftTtMiritr after favourite i« bruu)fbt forth, slrippL>d, walked about, or 
nuonted, cTery rndnx point is criticised, the condition pnrticnlorly ai- 
tC1Ml<^d to, cvpry imprnr croon t or otherwiie correetly noted, nnd nil those 
peraluriiifs wMcb warrant luccfM or render tho conical doubtful, and 
mliicb have, more or less, an itnincdinl« inllut^nci^on the bt-lliiiK; llivrtno- 
lnell^r — now ri<ing La blood heat ttilh regard In one, or (inking to zeeu 
with r*8pc<:i to ainolher. lo the niranwhilf, the process of weighing i-t 
coinplrtedL Soon rnch jockey it monnl«d; and the whole procerd in 
rnutiou> *uec«ssion to the conrsc. before the gatt of all. Instantly, tbe 
ward%, " \iu* off, gcnlliTom ; hnu off!" arc heard from tbe «uniinU of 
the (irand Stand, which present* one immcnitt* mn»* of human heail*. The 
fiarade of the equine competitors is a moit beautiful ntid inipoainu nighl. 
All cje» arr diriyrlpd to lliv crowd of hnrsos n* ihry niovp slowly and 
anltoiinly oIoiIk. Attention liccotue* mute and aliau^t bri-athlnfi A* 
lltoU);h the fate of nations )iiiii|> in the balance. 

In ordi-r lo eoniph-te the facia|i ^pl-ctack■, let tbe Mrangcr traa^nc 
UiM it is the memorable vcar uf the dead beat botwreD Cliariin thu 


I'nolflh and Euclid ; vbm, oiil of ono hiiddTnl and wvea tubMHbon, 
fouru-)^ hones came lo the paal. 'I'be lirBt lliat makos his Appearance 
on the ground ie Dloomnliury (& Kgfrcrii), t)i« wi&nvr of th« Derby, 
eviilviilly Uio fnl — too bulky In niainiaiu the required iipi<t>il. Next 
cuiDfi liie Purity colt (Colluway) : then Dragnmsn (Macdonald) and 
BoluB ClIaBilctinc). ThtD Cliark-s thv Twvlftli (W. Sc»tt> t)<« oto- 
served of all, in f>plonditl coudilion: anil then Euclid (CaQalJv)lii full 
bloom, will] hi« mu^tcular [lowerf fully dcvc-lopa'd — B moiit naiigcroua 
rival. Then inimcdinlrlv follow t\m Provoitt (Tt^iupbinau); Malvolio 
(T.Lye); Dolphin (,I. ilolmes) : IIvUdb (S. Day): The Lord Mayor 
(G. Nelson) ; The Corsair {J. D*y} : l-'itmrnbo (J. Mariion} ; nnd Eaaiog- 
wold (J. Cnrtwriglu). AtiU tliun niands ihe Wlibg : — 6 lo ♦ on Cliarlos 
iho Twelfth; 6 to 1 against BlooiiisUury ; 10 lo 1 against Malvolio; 
IS lo I against KucliJ ; 2A lo 1 ogalntt llyllus ; SO to 1 agmnit the Pro- 
nnt ; 35 to 1 n^inai Kaain^old i 40 lo I against the Lord Mayor; an<l 
40tol agaiiut Bottis. Thcwliolp body ol'ltont^fmovo slowly and aiixioualy 
lo iho broad vpnoi- opponitc tlic St. Lu);er sturliiig-poil. Thn bright 
bcwns of a cloudless sun spread thcmsrlves over the whole aeenc, light- 
ing no th« colnuni worn by ih4! nKpeutive jocLi^ys, and iiicresfliog tJia 
apXendour of the speeiaete. Th« reiiia arc carefully handled,' — ewry 
lidcT) cautiously glaucing from side to vide, is n-ady — every hor&e in a 
favotinblo poailion. Tln^y n>nch the [tosl. The starter, as nnkioiis an 
tbe rest, drops his flag with the word, " Go !" Away they rush, amid 
exclanstions far and wide, "They're offi" — " A bt^iiiiful start I" 
" Hero's arAMi" Now- comet the iti; nf war. Charlu tjilces the lead. 
Dloomibury, Euclid, and Boluv, art- cIohc at hand. Dolphin and Malvu- 
lio, are immediately behind. Onwards they ru»h. They ascend the hilh 
Dragnman, Easingwold, and the Puritv cult, are ilefeiiled. llie latt«r 
poll* up and raturna. They »tre.\in down ihn hill. They reach tbu 
T. Y. C, " BloorB»l)ury n hir«tl" Khouti a wull-knuwi) voice; "he's 
bad enough I" He falls back, into lhe.roar alontt with Hohi». Charles 
iiicreascK his Kpord. tic is ttoveral Irngthit n-hrad. '' Scott makes too 
frre with the home," is anxiously ahoult'd. " He 'II hi.' caught I" vocifo 
rate many. Huclid mends bis pace gradually. The Dolphin. Maholio, 
and the Provo»t, do the tunic. Thcw; ihrrcnro head to UtW. Charlea 
Rtill nislin ouwnrd. They reach the Ked Huiise birnd. The Dolphin 
declines- Malvolto tahcs fais place. ''Euclid's coming upt" exclaims 
ODc. " Euclid witi> '." «huutx another. Thoy reach the end of lhr< white 
rails. The futourilc 's in danger. Euclid |j;oes auM beautifully, as 
resolute di possible. The stride of Charles is tremeodoiia. " The bluod 
of Eniiliiiii and Wiakcr will do it I" layn a fatuouH brveder. Thcj reach 
the distance ; and the ^dUatit Euclid fairly couples his formidable com* 
pclilor. Now eonies the slathing work. The Fpiirs nr« applied : the 
whips are elevated — stroke succeeds to stroke. The two arc head to 
bead. " Euclid — Euclid !" — " Charles — Charles I" — " Euclid wins 1" 
roar t«n tbouanad voii^es. They are oppo*ile the Grand Stand. Euclid 
is a clear bead in advance. Every niusde, l«adoii, and sinew are vi*i- 
ble. Tlie outatrutc)i«d lind and urck of eacli form two parallel lines. 
Kudid fetches up his hind quarters admirably : Charles is at full stretch. 
Again romoa the roar of " Charles " and " EucUd," with n yet Louder cry 
of " A dea«l heal I" ami " Sooll — ScoU !"— " Coo oily— Conolly I" Thoy 
roach the post. One loud shout, like lh» crash of thunder, hunda from 
the «K«ilM nuiM. Kourcould toll which wns llic victor. But thcjudgv 



iaiRi^islvlf dTCUred •' A dcxd \wa,l I" The espsniUd nostrils of each 
iMirsc being^ tytiiv i-f|tial — vi vinounecrocnt wbicb flow itirough iha 
ibroDR witb the rspidity of lig htoiiiK' ; aud io intecuc wiu tlie excileuii-iii, 
lluu it was Komv Uiim iM'fvrp tl>o wtdo ronr of voicea had Bubsided. Kuclid 
i»M9 « much smsUvr \ione thnn Ilia cciiu|wtilar ; and he had tbo public 
■j-mpathy b)- bcinf; the lesser. It U a fad worthy of Iwinp pUecd ou 
rec-OTtI, ihm rh« *troko «f Charlc«, optiosiu.* ihe Gruid Sund, boand 
•IWr bound. WAS cxncilv twenty .foiir fi>et aix Inches and a lialf ; that of 
Euclid wu much ihartpr, but miich ifuickcr. As much time as poMible 
was allowed to intervene betwcpn the dead heat itnd tbv iiiiitl trinl. Tlia 
inirreat as to which horae would finalty prove the victurwas, if poaatblc, 
more intcoM ; and opiotoun vibruted from mH« to udc. The bntin^ 
reeomnenced with 6 to V on Charles ; it then became even, and finally 
Uft off at C to 4 on Cuclid. Etoih rivals, on making their reappparaaee, 
looked renurltatily well They ntarltd nitboui any difficulty. But the 
order of ninnitif; wai rorened. Kuelid took tli<> lead si a alow pace. 
Od rtoehit^ the diaUncf, Charlcii cilinlkngrd hi» oppoaeot. Thev i*«re 

Sin head to head ; and »o e<]ual aettnied the chance uf i-acU, that an- 
er dead heat was eonfidently expected, Tho former bunt* of cxda- 
nuuioD were repented. Again went the whips to wcrV ; again wrro ihe 
■purs applM^, with the skill, nerre, and rosoluiioiiiif each jockey. But 
the larger confomution of Charles »nablpd him to win the racp by 
acarccly a-h««d, amid n crnili of vmces wholly indcicr! liable. 

In witneoaing a EC«Qe of so magnificent a character, il mast strike the 
attention of tho elranger that lai^ &umi of monay atN; eontioually ct- 
pmded, in a variety of nays, to bring the rucing lystem to its preseut 
suie of perfection and of attraction. Such undoubtedly is tha case. 
The custom aro«o under the patrooigo of royalty. It is still pitroniaed 
by the Quet^n and Prince Albert ; nnd lAill cnooun^^ by royal grnnts. 
The nobility followed the example in the first inataooc ; and in many 
fainilies lh« racing itablo vins ron^idcrod n portion of tlio family esLab- 
ltstin>P1lt. Country getilk-ttwn, poueuittg atajile moaDi, uImo cvutrndcd 
with their loperion id rank, for iho plm of riclory. The competition, 
nlthough *cverr>, vn» of a wbolenome charncter i and a uipcrior hrited of 
bontea WB* the gralifying result. It is ([uitu true, liuwover, ibnt from 
time to time, many Doblcmcn and gentlemen have retired from Iho 
arsna, tome to di^uit, «n<l ot!i<:rii from a conrictioti that foul pluy had 
booa feouvled to. With rvgard to the laltrr, mnnv t1n|{rant instanoM 
coald be prodaoed from tho dtys irf Gi-orgi" the Fourih to the pracent 
period. But it mu*t at thu aaimi thcue he admitted, that the dt'EcicDcy 
in tlto roaka was fillod up by yoiin^r ntpiranCx for racing honoum. 

With r^ard parliculaHy to' Dunca*Ler, it lia« shared in tho>c vici»xl- 
lud«B wbid) acmn iiieTitable in raclnn, as well aa in all olh^'r mailer*. 
Tharo luay bo no dimiDutian to point of number*, but tlivrc in a marked 
(bfferen<!e even in th« eilernal character of the Meoe. There never waa 
a periMi in our hibtor)' fraught aith grenler cbangM than ihoao which 
di*lii>gui«h the limo in nhidi we live. Nor are tboHe chuoge* cau1ii)i.-d 
lo one aaction of locietv. They pprvade cvcryttiinff whici) concerns our 
aoeial and national existence. Still greater changi^ii will ennuc ; but 
theae ar« beyond tlw range of liuman foresight. The iullttenee of 
ftabiini tnay do much upon the siirfaca ; but there ii an uiidLT'Ciirrent, 
EDyatn'ion* and irmistiblo. Compared with former year», wbat a 
atriking contraat is now presented on the mcofround of Doncaaler 1 



'Vhe spl^tlifl ?quip*go« of ihf nohilily, witli ^'orgeotw livi-rip*. — )innu<«t, 
ho4»ing^, and trapping* — *ro no Ifliiger M*n. The hantlBOciK' sot-rail 
of the country Kciill^MQao ; the four-iii*hand ; the tnndmi. and to fonfa ; 
lbm«, too, havo vaiiiched. Tlii^ c-uronct k nucc-ociii-d by thn cub; am) 
the FaoiIIv' carriitge hy liit- 'bu«. Aiii) ihit l)i-aiity and Tashion nliich 
once graced the f,'^rati(l-ataDd — tliv criioiure of idt eyes — arc seen >io 
more. Tho ^a<^e-l)llIU, which, particularly at the periodii when the 
Duke of Devonshire and the Marc|iii* of Londonderry acted as alew&rd*, 
crowded the mnnsioti-houiiw to repletion wiih tiie rank and fasliiun of 
mora ihnn (he county — ttparkhng^ with diamonds, and moving; to ihn 
fwell of the sneetest tnusic — are wholly nhiiiidoiicd ; niiil now, in thesp 
once gay and festive halb, lunclineafl and ailenee hold cuiiipanioiixhip. 
The retirement of Earl FitEwiiliam from the turf, "uo son of mine 
suceeptliiig-," wm a ilifhonrlening circtimntaticc. Tht; Diiko of LcdIr, 
the Marquis of Westminster, the Earl of S car boraueh— these honoured 
names — with iIio)>p of Wjhuti. Gftscaigiie, PeirHe, Watt, and Petre, aro 
^oe, ail winiitr:) of the Si. Ln-gtr, and nil without nucf^ejaon. It in 
true that strange names continue to f well the nominations ; hut the 
pfetlii)^ of many old family nnrne* hna gone, apparently for ever. Lord 
George Benlinck, although ho had disposed of his stud before W\% 
Uincuted death, waa u true friend to the rac«i>. It was the cohle lordi 
who, seeing their inevitable decline, wrung from the corpornlion the one 
ihoiiHond pounds grants given with marvellous rcluctjiDcc, hut only 
received ah an act of justice; a »uin, however, which is less than what 
ia giwcn at some other race meotingi. 

At ihc present moment, the raciug system has received a ''heavy 
blow and great didcourai-ement" from more quarters than one. J'ho 
retirement of the Marqnt* of Exeter from the arena of this turf, with 
the desire lo he relieved from hiii rncinfj Klud for ihe sum of .l;'10,000, 
although, during the la.<<t aca^un, the noblo Munpiii viBs the largest 
winner of tbikct, is a matter of deep regrtt. 'Jlie fear, iLanciioned 
by indications, that the Uuke of Itlcliniond will follow the exuinple, 
is full of gloom and disappointment; and the regret thai "princely 
Goodwood" will be nutnbert'd ainong«t the things that were, will 
be no lew gricrous than discouraging; for the raring career of the 
noble Duke has been distinguished with a generotity, liberality, and 
hiMpitatilv ne»er (urpamed. Colonel Ped has withdrawn alloRethFr; 
and Lord Slralhmore liaji followed the example ; while it is deemed by 
many, i)tiealtunable whether l^ordtlifden will long retain his racing 
stud. The recent nale of Sir Jo»eph llawley's hordes, after a stories 
of unprrcetlcnted winnings in seven years, reaching the enormouii num 
nf Xl5,SU2 ! Vi suflicicntly ngiiificant. Colonel I'eel has, however, 
found a worthy succesior in Lord IUbble«dale; and a voice from 
the North, awakening remembrances of the honoured name of Lambton, 
announces the ncing advent of a Durham; while the numinaiions for 
all the greol makes are far from being deficient in point of numbpr. 
The wi&dom of the li-gi»Utiiro rn«iiir» the nifety of the empire In 
ibe adjusimrnt of the lows to the altered clrcumtlance^ of the limes 
and the spirit of the people : and a striet revision of the law* a( 
racing, and the rules of the Jockey Ctuh, would, iindoubtodly, tie 
attended with thune Miliitnry mulls, which would exalt the tarf ii't the 
Mination of its true &upporto» anfl hcKt friends, and render ihe horn^ 
nteing of England more funoui throughout all the nations of the norld. 



•> AmpfaibJMiiAnfniaiiliautiteil ihalkgooti. 
■ ■ • ■ 

Th« erecodiln, tli« dni([on at tho waurt, 
In Iran f»ne|ily, Ml m tli« plwuov 
Aai nwrt fl — at funiiw, <»Bii^i*d hi* fitf, 
Wkil* tnm hia Jaw* with dnulfiil bun all trrrwl, 
Tht Ur« Uood djni Uw w»>re with dendlT itraaou." 


" TeiAjn in Jiffy^lo, NDiim jaita inniU Kentnn 
Intn^danagigiut: craradili Ii»c toMiilara domom 
Ati4M : nfrenu baeulo o* ; iitaittt <ogit 
£x utM {n Wrrun : marUnt kMal«i«iqu« noMoli." 

It m^t hvn been iknticip«ted Ihat on aniinal which abounded in the 
gttti river «( I{gy[>t, in tho time of the Iiraelitea, luid Has an object of 
KlnlMnuB wonhip to llic inluibitantc, diould hare attmctud llie notice 
ot the intpind irritcn of old ; accordingly, various oUusiont to it are 
feund in Ou! Mcred writings. Cominontat«rs, howorcr, differ lu to 
vrbelher it it tlie cioco<li!e whicli, under the name of Leviatlian, formt 
Uw «ibj«ct of one of tlie lubliinMt chapien of Job ; Uie description ia 
applicable in mnc respects, and not in olhcre, but tliere can tic Httio 
doubt that tbii crailun it rclcrrcd to under tii<i Hebrew iiuinc Titoit, 
tjanilat4<l dragon, in the following figurative paa«L^ of Ezekiel. 

" Behold, I un agatnat the«, Pharaoh king of EK}'pt>th« great dragon that 
liclb in tb« midst of hia nvcn, which hitlli miiil, ilLy river ia mine own, 
and I hare nade it for mywlf : But I will put hookt in thy Jawi, and I 
wiD cauM He fish oT thy rivers to attck unto thy «(-nl<?«, and 1 will bring 
Ibec up out uf tbc midit of thy riven, and all tho HhIj of thy rivers thaU 
Mjdc UDto thy stalea." * 

Here Wo have a diitinet alluiion to tlie mode of talcing the crocodile 
pradiMd by tlie Egyptians, aa described by Herodotus, whou atatemenla 
upon tlie«e and some other disputed points. hav« b«on proved to be en- 
tir«ly tru«t worthy. 

" Ttie modM of takin? the crocodile ore many and various, but I ehall 
only deaeribe that which seems to me most worthy of relation. When 

' the fisherman has baited n hook with the chine of ft pig, he lets it dawn 
into the middle of the river, and holding a youn^ live pig on the brinh of 
the river, bcttt tl. The crocodile hearing the iioisc, goei In itn dirvciion, 
and irxcting witli the ^ine. iwallovcs it ; but the nieii draw it lo land. 
When it is drawn out on shore, the spoiUraao first of all plastcn ita 

^ oyes with niud ; and, having done this, afterwards manages it very 

isily ; but until h« lias done this he has a great deal ortroublo.^t 

AVith the aocicnt Egj'ptiam, the crocodile was typical of the sun, and 

Sank, the <TOM)dile-headed dcitv of Oiuboi was a deified form of the 

sun. Id Lower ^ypt it was held in especial veneration at a placs 


t ltcr*<atu*. 

Euivr[w, li. 7*' 




called the City of Crocodiles, aflerwanla Arsiiioe. and Ihe aiiimHb were 
ihtn k«pt in the loko Maerii, nnd when duui, vrere buried in the uader- 
ground cliiiniLers of ihe fomoMB labyrinth, 

These sacred crocodiles led a mDit luxurious lifo; tboy wen fed with 
geese, fi*h, nnd vnrioiii dciicncicK dressed purposely for tlwrn ; tlieir 
tiiiuda wc-re [idorned with ear-rings, llwir throut* with ncctloccs of gold, 
or Ertirtdal Btonei, ajid their feit with brncf!et». ^trubn givog a curiotia 
account ol nn intcrvieiv he hud with one of these portly tvptiliaiia. His 
host WW a man of conwdMntion, and anxious to do the honcur» of the 
place with bfconung ci>urt{.'*y. Having, llifrefoiv, etilertuned the great 
goographrr and hit party, at an elegant il^'elinfr, he proposed llial lliey 
should pay Ihnr mpccta to his neighbour " SouchiM'" rrovidiiig hitii- 
eelfwith a tnJtt, B loaf of bread, and a cup of wino, ho led the way to 
the borders of tti« lake, where liie crucodilian highness lay atretched in 
pampered indolence. To open its own inoutli vrua too much trouhlci «o 
one of t)i«) priettii politely did it for him ; annthcr put in tint the cake, 
then the meal, which it gratified them by swallowing, and then pledged 
tbcin in the cup of vine, which was p<}un:d down iti throat, llaving 
rested awhile after this exertion, his hij[linesB entered th« lake, CTussed it. 
and submitted to a (imilor ordeal on the other side, for the grntilication 
of another party who had come to offer their tribute of good things. 

Happy were theae sacred crocodiles during life, and after death ihey 
wore not los* well cared for;— their bodies wora embalmed in a •ump- 
tuous manner, and deposited in catacombs hewn out of the limestone 
rock. There are many of these mummies in the British Museum, all 
having the same character, that of being rolled and swatlicd up in oblong 
pM'ksgei*, carefully and iicutly iccurcd with bandugcs. 

It was not, however, throughout the whole of Kgypt that this golden 
age of crocodiU's rvigred ; nn iron ago overshadowed the race in the land 
of the Tcntyris. Dy them they were held ui abhorrence, and no oppor- 
tunity of destroying them wbs lost ; indeed thewi T<:tHyrites are said to 
have been M export in their puniiit, that tliey tljougbt nothing of (bllow- 
ing a crocodile into the Nile and bringing it by force to shore. The 
following i« Pliny"* uccouiit of this proceeding. 

'' The nwn ore but small of stature, but in this quarrell against the 
CTocodilei, ttiey havs hearts of Hon*, and it is wondrous to sea liow 
rctolute and coursgeoua thoy are in this belwlfe. Indeed tliin crocodile is 
a terrible beact to them that flic from him ; but contrary, let men pursue 
him, or make bead againc, he runs away most cutvardly, Now these 
illandctl be Ihe only m«n that dare eiicountrt; him aHWiiL Over and 
brades, they will take the riircr and swim after them, nay they will 
mount upon their backs, and set them like horsemen : and aa they 
lume their beads with tlicir mouth wide open, to bJIc or devour them 
tJicy will thrukt a club or great cudgrill into it, crossQ overth wart, and 
M holding hard with both hiinds each end thereof, the one with the 
iwht, the other with the leit, nnd ruling them ptrfotce. sa it were, with 
• tit and bridle, bring them to land like prisoner*. \Vhett they have 
Ibem Uicre, they will so fright them only witli their word* and speech 
that they compel them to catt up nnd vomit thone bodies ugahi to bo 
«nt«rred, which they had swallowed but newly before." 

There is a very rare and curious book on field sports, by one Johnnnca 
Str&dten, in which men are represented riding on erocodiles, and bringing 
them to land, whtUt otlien iir« boing killed with ctubi. The sketch is 




fall of >p!rit, and fctrlow it are tho lour Ymra quntcd on our f!rat [lu^. 
Stnbo bear* iMtimony to Ihe dexterity of tin: TentyrJtei, staling, thai 
when »me crocxidiln wen exhibited in the Circus at Rome, in a huge 
taitb of wutcr, a j^arty of Teittyritpit who hntl accompanicKl them, boldly 
entered the taok, und entangling the crocodiles In net*, dragged thom to 
Uw bank and back sgaiii into the water. 

Sinyulnr to uy, homage to tlirM Tn})tilc3 ia (till paid in ct^rtain parts 
of India ; and the following account, by an eyewitne«i, alnioet carries ua 
back to tho time of the Egyptian! :— 

*' Among the outlying hill* thnt xkirt the Hnls Hountains, about nine 
mitca from that town (Kanklii), ia a hot spring, the t«mpenitun: uf which 
whervit vdl( from tho oaith is 136°uf Fuhrcnheil. The stKam irrigates 
a Btnall valley, and tuppliea tome HwampK with water, in wliich the 
bkira fceop numbers of latne oUigalorv. The pond whc-e we saw the 
oongngatod herd al fiM^ling lime wan nbout eighty yards lung, and per- 
haps lialfaa many wide. It was vtiallovr, and eoTervd witli ninall groM- 
(OTcnd itleta^ the narrow chonneU between wliich would only admit of 
a tingle alligator puiing through at a lime Two goats were slaughtered 
Ibr that moniing^ repast) during which opemtion a do/cn ocnly tnonMcn 
vm out of tht'ir ilimj bed, crawled up the back of the tank, and eyed 
with evident satiifoction tho feast projjaring for tfaom. All being rady, 
a little urchin, not nine years old, stepped without our circle, aiid oalling 
" Om f ow f (come, come)' tho whole tribo was in molion ; and as 
•oon at the amphibious nnimals hod gnlncd term firnia, the meat was 
diattibuted. Each anxious to secure a piece at liii neiglibour's expense, 
the Boene Uiat cniued was ludicrous enotigh and not a little disgusting. 
A hind <]iuirt«r of a gont gave rise to a general engagement. One by one 
the combatants drew off till t)ie pri;ee remained Ju the grasj) of two huge 
moQsten. Their noses all but touching, each did his best to drag the 
bloody morsel frcm the jawi of his ftdv«r«ary, and a long struggle ensued, 
in which by turning and tUKUng, writhing aiid twisting, tliey strore for 
the tnaatery. It was a diuwn bottle, for the leg was torn asunder, and 
Mch retotncd his mouthful, when with heads erect, they Bought Uie 
water, showing, a* they crawled along, eonuderable tact in avoiding 
Iheir less stieceuful neighbours.' * 

According to Pliny, much mcdiciniil virtue rented in defunct crocodilest 
"The blood," he tell us, "mundifieth the eies ;" the fat is an excellent 
depilalofy, and in the words of quaint old Holland. " No sooner is the 
Aart rubbed therewith, but prtisently it shoddcth." The choiceit nioriol, 
however, was " the crocodile's heart wrapped within a lock of wootl 
which grew upon a black theepe, and hath no otlier color niodled there* 
with, to that tho mud shccpe vcrc Ihe firtt lainbe that the dam yeaiiud." 
And this dainty bit anawerwl the same end as quinine with us, driving 
away quartan agues. 

The true trtcoiiHa are found in the Old and New Worldt and espe- 
cially abound in Asia and AGrica. The aBigator* an peculiar to America, 
and the gAvioIa appear to be limited to tho Ganges, and other lor^ 
rirers of oontinental India ; but of all countries America abounds moit in 
those scourges of the river, pOMCSsiug no leea than five species of alli- 
gators, and two of crorodiles- 

The water ii the iiaturnl element of the class, end to it Ihey luuten at 

* A PeriOttsl NsrraiiTS of a Jounej- 10 the Soum of ilu River Osim. By 
Ltent, JobaWovd, 

t. % 



znoi,oaiCAT. notes and anecdotrr. 


iho l«««l Blann ; on kiid Ihey are enoumbeied by Ihelr lieavy taHi, 
which, li«wc\'er. inajr !« us«diu poworiul weapon* cruUbnoe, for, like Uic 
■hiu'k, liio crocodile can strike ft tremendous Mow with his liuL The 
munn that llivm creatures an unable to turn [|uii-kly on land it, that on 
each tide of the vertcbne of the neck, then !* nttucbed a WHrt of nb, and 
Itic cxtrL-mitiC'S of these ribs meeting along the whole reek, the ■tiiinol is 
prevented turning \U h&ad to eitht^r tid«. Slid its mo\'Cfn«nU gencially 
are BtilT and cun«tniined. 

The gcncrul characters of the crocodilea and allisntors an, loiig Bat 
hefldi, with extremely taigo inoulhs txtcndiiig conaidovUy behind Uie 
oyes. Illicit iteck*, arid bod!e* protected by regular tranarene rows of 
•quaco bony plat», elevated in the ecntrc into kccl-shapcd liigf.^, and 
diapoicd on the back of the neck into groups of diffi^rent fonn« and num- 
bers Bccoidiog to the tjxiciw. The tongue is short, and «o completely 
attached to the loner iaw as to be quite incapable of protnirion, lieoco 
the aiiricnta believed that the erocodile had no tongue. " This beait 
alone, of nil other lliat keep llio laud, haili no use of a tongiu," aaya 
Plinj. At the bacic of the mouth there is o iiructua- Itatin^ ^wcttl 
rct^rcnco to the circumstance] under wliieh they iisimlty take their pny ! 
It con*iili of u valvular ap|.arutut, which cuts olf all communication witJi 
tlic throat m effectually, that not u drop of water cun enter it, though llie 
nidiith be wUto open under ntU-r. The nostril) ore at the tip of ttie 
•nout, and open into the throat behind the valve Tlic jaw* arc nUo to 
famiod that the noae can be lit^ed up ; by thc«e provtuion^, the crocodile 
ia aoaUed to leisurely droim it* prey by holding it down. nhilBt its own 
WoMUoc u catnvi on through it* uortrils, just elevated above tlw tur- 
faoc of tha wttcr. 

Profeaior Owen haa pointed out how ndmirnbly tlitt structure and 
devi'lopment of CrocoJiliiuti are adapted to their nature and halnis ; and 
it it ini«mtiiig to find proof in the fossil jaws of vxtinct crocodiles wbiob 
■wanned on tlie globe countleii ages ago, that the name laws regulated the 
growth and fucccarion of their teeth, as are in force in their existing 
repreientatires. Crocodiles come into the world fully equipped with 
weapons of oflence and defettee ; the numlxr of teeth i% a* great in the 
little wrig;;line wretch just emerged from the egg, as in the patriarttiftl 
moniter of thirty feet, and it tliUH urisos ; the conical sharp -[lointed 
tecfth are set in the jaw in a tiinglu row, thu buiie of cuch iDnth being 
hollow; into thia curily the gemi of a new and lain^r tooth fit«, and as 
it growt, it reduces th(} fang of the romior by abcorption, until, losing oil 
hold, it i» pushed out, the new tooth taking its pince. Tlii* shedding of 
teeth is in pr^tgress during the whole lituol' the nnimal. 

IIcrodoluB remaiki thnt the crocodile, "of all ItvirR bcinyn, from the 
Itost brginniiig, grows to bo the lar-gest, for it lays egg* little largtr ihmi 
thwe of a gooic, and the young is at first in prcportioa to ilic tjK' but 
when grown up, it readies to the length of ^uv^'nteen cubits, and ewn 
more.' Thi* itatentcnt of the ancient liistoriau it correct, for the f<;malu 
layt from fifty to sixty eggs, not much larger tJinn those of a gooio* Sha 
then biiriM Iheni tn the Kat>d, to be hatched by the heal of Iho nin, and, 
■ayaAlr. Hill, "just u> thg period of hatching ia completed, exhibit* her 
<^cmcH for Ivr offspring in the anxiety with which she conic* and 
noes, walks round the nut of her liopea, teral<}ie* the firaoturcd ahcll, 
and by sounds, which reveittble thr bark of t!ic dog, excites the hnlf-cx- 
.tricotcd young to struggle forth into lite. When slic hoa beheld, with a 


mixtUM «f joy. fear, and anxivty, the lut of ber oaTiprinj clew of iU 
bnkeii eueoient. ihe 1«i1e them foitli into the pmIh awny fratn Die 
riv»r, to avoid tbo {xradAtoTy vi»it< of the hlher who rsvonotialy leeki 
10 ppsy upon hit own ofr<|>rii)j. T)ic K-K:iirc)i«i of I'ftltcontolo^tt huvc 
dboovered an intnesting bet, ihat l>ie t'liisioanurus, an «iTly inhnlTiunt 
•Ttliii plan«t, htfl a niinilar propcnRJty, for tbo bones of young PSeaioiourl 
an found in the |}«trif)c<l excreinunt of tlie old one*. 

Mr. Itdwanli. m his iDleresUnit voyage up the Amarjm, gives rnlunbli 
infvmwlioD lirani DbNcrvittion. mpcetnig; nlligntore and thoir nidifi cation. 
'■Soon after," »ys thii writer," wu had arrived nt the spot which we 
had mariied in the moniing. where an sUifcator had made her neit, nnd 
M«« tfrimoitit precedded to rifle it of it* richcd. Th« ne»l wsw a pile of 
Iravea and nibbiah nearly three feet in height) and about futir in tlin- 
netiiT, Rsrmbling a cock of hay. We could not iniag;ine huw or where 
the animal had coUcctod aiKb a h«np ; but i>> it wot. And docp down, 
Tery noar the wiftcs of the ground, from an even bed, camo forth egg 
■fttr ogg. until fbrty-fife hod tolerably filled our bosltet. . . . These 
cgga an four Inche* in lenffth, and oblong, lx;!ng covered with a crust 
ratber than a sbell. They are eaten, and our friends at the house would 
lum portuodcd us to tott the Tirtuea of an allijtator omelette, but we 
mpeetfiilly <lecliiiied, deeming our reputation lufficiently cecured by a 
brtakfiut on the beast itsclC" 

Thorn i» another point relative to the natural history of the crocodile. 
meationed by Herodotus, which liui given rise to tno«t vonllicting 
vptuooB, it iathe following: — "All other birds and be«3is nvmd hinit 
but he ii at peac« witli the trooliiluR. because ho reccnves braefit from 
thai bird. For, when tbo crocodile get* out of the water on land, and 
then opeiu lis jaws, which it does mott commonly towards th« west, the 
tfocbilus entera it« mouth, and •wallows the iMcbea (which inl«at it), 
Tb» ctooodilo i» so well plcaticd with thu tcrvicc that it ««vcr liurti Ihc 
trocbilus." This statement has been r«t<<ived by the ainjorliy of nritera, 
in«ludinf; Sir Gardner \V'ilkinson, os a mere myth. OoofFroy St 
Hiloire, hovrover, invdtigatcd the tubjea with care, and arrived at the 
cdiKlunon tliat there was good foundation for the story of the ancient 
writer. Itr. Cunoa, the author of that delightful woilc, " A Vitiit to the 
Uonoatcrici of tl>e Levant," adds hit tostiniony, whidi ia valuable, oa 
coining tnaa a perlectly unprejudiced loaice. 

"J will TclatD a fact in natural biatoiy whicb I was foitunat« rnoogh la 
witmaSt and whidi, although it was mentioned so lonj; ago as tho time* 
of (ierodotus, has not, I believe, been of^en observed since : indeed I 
have never met with any traveller who bin himaelf seen such au oo 
currenoc I bad always a strong predilection for crocodile shooting, 
and bad destroyed several of these dragons of the watere. On one 
Occasion I saw, a long way off, a largo onc^ twelvo or fifteen feet Long, 
lying asleep luxlvr a petpendicutar tank, about ten feet higU, on the 
Binrgin of the river. I stopped the boat at lomo distance, and, noting 
Ike place as weU aa I oonld, I took a circuit inland, and cmne down 
cautwnaly to tbo top of the bank, wlience, wiih a heavr rilk, I made 
sun of my uf>ly i;nine. I had already cut off bis brad in my im^na- 
lion, and wa« conaidcring wbctlicr it should be stuSed with its mouth 

ror shuu 1 peeped over lliu b&itk, then be was, within ten feet ttf 
light of tlie ndo, — 1 was on the point of firing at bis eye, when 
I oWrred that he was attcndMil by a bird called aio-sac It is of the 




plover (pcci««, Oif a grcyinh colour, nnH m large u n small pigMtn. Th« 
Dird was wnlkin;; u)> and dovrn, close lo llit; crocodik-*s now. I luppon 
I moved, for tiii^iliiiSy it *aw tne, and instead of flying away, u any 
r»*pectable bird voulil liavudnnc, lio jtimp^ up nbout n foot from the 
ground, screamed zici xsc I with all iat poncrs of bis voice, aiid dallied 
hinuelf againit Llie crcuodila't face two or three timu. The great beaat 
started up, and immediately spring hii danger, made a jump into the air, 
and dialling intO' the water with a splash, which covered nic with mud, 
he divi^d into the rivirr, Htid ilitupparol. The lic-zac to my incnasod 
admirfttion, — proud, apparently, of haring saved his frit-nd — remsuned 
walking up and down, uttering: Ii'b cry, as 1 thought, with an exukinK 
voice, and ilonding, every iiow and tlieii oii his lotit, in a eoneoited 
manner, which made roe justly angry with his ini pertinence. AfWliaving 
waited in vain for lorao tunc, to see whether the crocodile would couio out 
again, I got up from llio bniik where 1 was lying, thr«w a clod of earth 
at the zic-sac, and came back to the boat, feeling some consolation for 
the loss of my game, in having wilnessed a circuniBtoncc, the truth of 
which has been bi'en disputed by scveml writers on natural history." 

Pliny lia« described this crDCodilo bird as a wren, but it is far more 
proballe tliut it it a ipedcs of plover, the Animoptila ekaratirioidct of 
Dwuinjion {PlutriaHvs chlunioffiiaiHt, VictJIcit) and what it really doo 
is doubtless to rid the crocodile of the Kwamis of iliea and gnats whicJi 
infest its palate to sucti u degree, that the natural yellow colour is rcn- 
dcTod black by th«n. In the lama way wc find the utmost harmony 
exietiiig between theep and cattle and Htarliiigs, which perch upon 
their becks, and relieve them of the larric of insccta deposited in their 
•kina. So the rhinoceros bird is on terms of intimacy mth the rhino- 
ceros and hippopotnmiM, njicving them of insect pests, and by its watch* 
ful Tigilanee provins a most vuluahte sentinel. Mr. Gordon Camming 
has deacnbed liow his sport was spoiled by this bird, in the aama way 
ga Mr- Curzon's wan ipuilud by thu impertinnnt zic-iae. 

Hybernation, or torpidity, *n common in reptiles during the cold 
season, la participated in by tb-c alligator tribe. It is said that the alii- 
gstor of North America buries himself in the mud at the bottom of 
manhet till spring sett in, and that in severe frosts, animation is ic 
completely sui])«nded that slices can bo cut from the animal without 
aiousing it. On the other hand the olliKalor revels in the moist beat of 
Florida, and is cepi'Ciully fvnniduble in numbers and dimensions at a 
mineral spring near tlic Monjuilo river, where the water on iasuing 
from the caitii, is not only nearly boilbg, but is strongly impregnated 
with copiiof and vitriol. 

All writer! agree in the large number of alligators that iiiEE«t the 
Anuuon. The latest authority, Mr, Spruce, who is now engaged on an 
Important botanical i^xcurtion in South America, writes thus of the I'arana 
Uiit do* Ramos.* "I was disappointed not to observe a single plant, 
save the rank grosaea round the margin ; but jucaTcs were laid in th« 
water in almostcountlessnumboM, rMcmblingso many huge black stones 
or lufjs. What we had seen in the Amazon of these rciptilcs, wn* no- . 
thing compared to their abundance in the rainos and its principal lakes. 
1 can safely say. that at no one instant during the whole thirty days, 
when there wiw light i-nougli to distinguish thcm^ wcto we without oiw 
mote jacarvs in sight." t 
An outlet from tlic AaiSB^u. f Il<iokei*s Jaumil of Botiuif, St>pt. IB61 . 

TImk an fw apma ef Utoc snlaab AaaJ fc««y ane luwing • JiMp 
montbi, tbc otlwr ■ mad AC 71h fanKrgnM tttlw kafiliW •hwl 
MMft lM!t, >ad «• etOui Jtemii-liafm, «r Ing jHmt. TIm tliMv 
ipa^M attain tbn leqgth rf twtiy m^j fat. In the iaiMr klo^ 
la«mk the doaeof lb* nnj ■■«% oyriKb tl iutki kmed a lb* 
mlMt. and bar* iha ilHgKiri ■wsm to tlw WmaHiaf ]r«inc Uidi. 
Mi;. Bdwanb tdk a% tiMt ifco w M aa • d i uutimi ifart»an mmmj u 
nritng at «H «r Ibeae pUccs, bekntatkpMr cmwtol'faagpi^iBnjr 
6«n iMSadnarMmd tarn; for th* aJS^Mwi «* apM tl)« alot, and tM 
itMllU • wMioded bird atlSkH lb* xsUr, they nidi ea ■w wa i frr tlw 
pMT Tktim, dambwiiy over <Me M o li ig. and outiing tbtir hufe jawi 
uyan <adi othw*! Imm n tlw bntjr aaaure. The bihabilMit* uaivvr- 
uOj belieT« that (he alligator ia fwal^Md with (mt at the dgkt of a 
Mgcr, and will tuffrr tbxt aniinal to «at off iu tail without making 
WMilanca. The itery it cotDptimentary to the tiger at all eveat*. m 
the tail of the alligator it the «nty part in «MeMn by (fncure*. 

The ibUowiaK roridenu, whidi flamt tmder tbe imnwdiate ob«»Ta- 
tiea of Ur. Spruce, pniTc the fteadty of tbcae fearful rqAiU*, which ars 
the vm acour^ of the waten tbeyinCwt. 

Whilst in esfUCT »q u T li after the t'tttm-io Rsfia, whose wonden 
har« attracted w much intcraet at Kow and ChaUworth, Mr. Spnice waa 
" clad to learn that it grew in a bduII lake on the opfMute tide of the 
Rainoo, but I had no inontaria to enable me to rfwh it. ftr one of our 
men, a Jutno Indian, had run away a few nighu pcvvioualy. with our 
montariaandallourfitbingtaclEleinor was there any moDtaria in theiitb 
where we wen ttayitw, but t wtu told I might twrtow one at a ntio a little 
higher up. To this atlio I accordii^ly proceeded, and found at it, an old 
man and hi* three eon*, men of midalc n^, with Ihcir children. Two of 
the Bona hod jutt came in from a fiiliing ^xpiMition, tho third luid hii 
arm in avlini;. — and on ini^uiring iho cauie, 1 Icamt lluil, Htrcn weeks 
agOt he and In* lather had been fishing in tlic r^ry lake I wished to riaiti 
in a fiiiall inontaria, and that, hanng naehed thn middii^ and laid aaido 
their paddba, they were wullng for iho fiih wit)i their lion* and arrow*, 
whfn, unseen by them, alatge js«ir6 glided under tliv moiiinna. gavo 
them a jerk which threw them Mtli iul^i the water, and Mixing the tOa 
by the right thoutdar, dived with him at once to llic boUom, llw depth 
being, at tliey luppostij, about fuiir fnthomn. In this fo&rflil pfril he liod 
pfcienu of mind to thruat the lingen of hia left liand into the ntontlcr'a 
eyee, and after rolling over three or four time*, the jacflr^ lot f;u lit* hold, 
and the man rote to the turbce, but mangled, bleeding, and helplen. 
Hia bther immediately swam (o hi* aiaiatanee, and providentially (he 
two reached iha shore without being furtlier attacked. I woe showii Ilia 
woundt— <t<ff^ lot^A had told ; and iDmc idea may be formed of tliU 
Urrible gr!pe, when I state that the wounds inflielcd by it, extended 
from the collar-bunc downwards to the elbow and the hip. Alt won 
now beakd except one very bad one in the arm-pit, whero at leott one 
sinew waa completely severed." 

Thb wo*. Mr. Spruce rvmarka, no encourogtment to proaecute lui 
enterprise, hut being anxious to obtain (ho fruit of the Vieloria, he wai 
not the man to be deterred even by the protpeet of a cnllisiun with theso 
terrible jiicarci ; accordingly, aa thiM of tlio liltic lad* oAnd to vf" hint 
OTer, be did not heaiute to avail himaelf of their aanioaa on iho Kl*t 
(M^ \%h\. The outlet of the lake waa speedily rtached, when thry dia- 



•mbarkeil and foUoncd the drii-il LxmI of the Ijiiarap^. in whicTi the Isdi 
w«re not *1ow to detect the recent foiilstt.-}vs of a jacoiV!. In iive minute* 
■nord tbey leadied the lake and eniliarked hi the frail montaria, in which 
it wu ncccMary so to place our«i?lves bcforv startinf; w to prrtiervc an 
exact hfllonec, und then they coiuted along toward* the Victoria, which 
BfijwarMl at tliB dielance of aoine on^ hundivd and Rdy yards. " Wo had 
made but a few >trokt.-« when wc perceived, by the n)uddy water aliead 
«r ii«, that lomc animal hod just dived. As wo paiicd cautiouriy orer 
the Iruubled water, n tai^e jacai^ caino to the surfncc, a few vardi from 
thd olT-Rido of out montariu, niiil ihcn •ivoin along putnllel to oitr coune, 
•pparantly watching our mctions very closely. Although the little &U 
■ lew* w«ra frightened at the proximity of the jocare, tbi^ir giivcstoriol 
'iiutiiicta wer« ro iliuiifE. Ittat at sight of a pailtiiis *hoaI of fish, they 
throw down their jiudillci and teiwd their mimic bowe end am>ws(tlie 
latter being ntvrvly ttiips of tho leaf «tallc of the bncuba, with a (cw 
oolchea cut near tho jioint), and on« of iheJti actually succeeded in pierc* 
ir>g and nocunii^ an Aruana, of about eighteen inches Iod;;. Out icsly 
friend still »tuck to uh, and took no nolicc of our vhotiliiig and Kjiloalimg 
ill the water. At length ihc cltlest lad bcrtliought him ofa large harpoon 
wliich waa lying at the bottom of tho moiilaria. He held this up and 
poind it in hia hntid, and the Jncor^ aecmed at oticc to compn^iend its 
UM, for ho relr<-»lrd to the middle, and tliere remained stationary until 
wo l«t\ the lake," Mr. Spruce waa rewai-ded by finding throe planit of 
the Victoriu, of which one covered a surface of full six hundred square 

A nngular fact mentioneil in Mr. Gesso's charming work, " A Nalu- 
nliil's mjaum in Jamaica," illuetratcs the prcdoccous vehemence Bud 
lurking patience of tlie alligiLtor. In Spanish Haiti the large saTonua 
riven flow tbrouglii widi*. gfntly dcecendiiig borders, carpeted wtlb grass, 
hftvtni! all the clean verdure ol a lawn, and inter8|KXsed with clumps of 
beAtitiful flowering almiba and trees. A Spoitiih prient, with thm 
friends, had gono for a day's sporting to these grounds and bod divided 
UHaHMlTCs. The throe assembled at sunset, but the ^cst did not make 
Ha appMmnce. Tbey sought him throngli the darkojiing thickets, and 
■t last found him seated in a tree, into which he had been obliged to 
betake himself to escnpe an alligator that had punucd him by a succea* 
■ion of leaps. It had run in nursuit of him, a* he wid, jumping rapidly 
after him. with its back cruoiced like a frigIitiTi«d cat. He liod taken 
nfiige in tlie tree, whjst the reptile crouched in a tliickct close by, 
quietly watching and waiting for hi« descent. 

Mr. GosM mentions tho followitig nad instance of the ferocity of the 
crocodile. A young girl, about thirteen years of ogc, was wadiiug a 
towel in the BWk Kivcr in St. Eiixahelh s, in company with an elder 
conipMiion, at nig^ifall. She dcssiwd a warning to beware of the alU- 
gktorSr and just aa the was boaitmg that she heeded no sucli danger, a 
■enom for help, and a cry, < Lord. Imve mercy upon ine I Alligator has 
cai^t me ! ' upprStml hvr conipanion, intent on her own wnshing, that 
tbo girl was carritd off. The botly was found some days after half 
deroured ; and two crocodilea, one nine fe«t long and the iither ti:vente«n, 
were hunted down and killed, with fragments of hor body contained in 
thep). There is a ttmnge statement among the Negroes, that the 
manati, a cetacean inhabiting the same Utaek River, will rcmiiin wutub- 
ing a dead body if brought witliin it* baunu, and singular enough, tho 


rciniUDder of llie bodj- at ttki* poor girl w<nre found umUr ihe guftrdiunahip 
of u ounaLi. 

A writer iii " Sllinian'i American Jouniftl," givDS the fullowinf' thrill- 
ing deaeriptan of ihv cn[>tiir« and dc&Ui oi'a huge alli^tor in on« of llw 
Plulippine lalaiids. "In tlic coursoof tlicycsr 1831, the proprietor of 
HalaJiala it MnniLIu, in the Iiland of I.ueonin, infunnoii rna tliat )io frv- 

JuMQtl^ lost hoftei and eowt on a remot« part of his pLsalaliuii, and tltnt 
I* nalJTM aatund him they vnn token by tax enormous alligator who 
rroquenlod one of tho Blroom* whieli run into lh« hbo. Tlivir dv^rip- 
Uous wen m highly wrou^Itt, that tlioy were attributed to the ruiidfiMs 
for cxafl[ention to which the inhabitants of thnt country are peculiarly 
addicted, and v«ry little credit vru p-ven to their repented rehiltoni. 
All doubt* as to tho existence of ihc Hnimal were at iatt dispelled by 
tho dcatniction of an Indimti whi> atteinpluit to fi>Td the riier on hone* 
bade, although entnated to deaist by his companions, vho cmsied at b 
ihallow place higher up. He reach-cd tho centre of the stream and waa 
tnughing at the Mhen for their prudeocc, when the alligator came upon 
him. Hii teeth OMOtmtered the saddle, which be tore from the hone, 
while the rid^r tumbled on the other sido into the wattrr and muile for 
theihoK- Tlio hone, too tcnified to move, stood Irutnbling whoii tho 
attnelc wai mode. The olllj^tor, ditre^ding him, punued the man, 
who aafely reached the bank which ho couM muily havo ascended, but, 
rendered foolhardy by h!l escape, he placed him»df Uhind « tree whicli 
had fallen pttrlly into the water, and dmwing hU heavy Icntfi' leaned 
orw the tree, and on the sppronch of hiii enemy ■truek him on tho no»c. 
The animal repeated his asnults and the Lidian his blaw>, until tluj 
former cxaopermtcd at tlie rcnatance, rushed en the man and aeinng 
bim by the middle of the body, which waa at once enclosed and oruehed 
in his capacious Java, rwani into the lak^ His frit^da hastened to tlis 
rescue, but the nlligalor sliiwly left the ahore, while the poor wretch, 
writhinji and ahrieldng in his agony, with bis knife uplifted in hie 
duped liandt, leemei), iis tlw othere expneted it. held out as a man 
would carry a torch. Hi* sufleringi were not long continued, fur tht^ 
monster sank to tho bottom, and soon after reappearing alone on the 
■urbce, and calmly Inskitig in tho tun, gave to tho horror>*trick«n tpcLtn- 
ters the fullest conltrmation of tlie deikth and burial of their comrade. 

"A short time aikr this cTcat I oiado « riait to Halahaln, and 
eqireasiiw a ilrong dcnro to conturo or dextror tlw alligator, my hott 
readily oAWd lii* auiatanee. The animal had been »e«» a lew days 
befurvv with hia bead and one of his f»r«-fvet reeting on tho bank, and 
Ilia eye* following tha motions of some cowi which were grazing near. 
Our inlormer likened hia appeanuico to that of a cat watching a niouae, 
aitd iu the attitude to spring upon hU prey when it should come within 
hit teach. I ntay hero mention as a curious fact, that the <loinettie 
bu&lo, which ii almost continunlly in the water, and !n tlie heat* of 
di^ nmains for boun with only hii noae above tbe turiiicc, is ne>-er 
raoleated by tha alligator. All other animals become his victim when 
they incautiously ^proneli him, and tlieir knowh)dge of tlie danger iDoat 
tlltnlly prorupta theai to reMrt to kIioIIvw iiUki* to quench thnr thirvt. 

MaviDg heard that tlve alli^tor lud killed a horse, wa proceeded to 
the J/i»Kf about five mtU« from tho houco ; it was a tnui<|uil spot and 
ono of singular beauty even in that laiid. Tlte ttreaint which a few 
hundred Ewt from llic lake narrowed to a brook, with iU gnan bojik 



frin(r«d with the eracclul bamboo, and the altemato gloty of glscU and 
Purest Bprcudiiig Un ftntl v/'vXv, nxmud fitUMl for oUivt purpfoet than the 
fiuniliur haunt of (he huge creature that had appropriated it to hinuetC 
A few vane hut* wore ntiwtcd aX ■ short dUtonce from the river, and we 
procured Iruiii thcin what men they conlained. who were md/ to ouiit 
IB &»«ing Ihemtelvea frotn their daiwcntM oaghbaur. The terror whi^h 
he had tnapired, ci^ccinllv linn the dntth of their compAiiion, had 
hitherto prevmted them Irom making an effott to get rid of him, but 
they gladly availed thcmaelvea of our preparations, and, with th« unial 
dcpendeiiee of their chamctvi were willing to da wliat«r« oxampls 
■hould dictate to ihein. Haring roason to believe that the alligator was 
in the river, vre commenced cpentlona by Binking neu upright mtom its 
mouthi three deep, ot inlcrrnU of leveral feel. The net* whic-h worm of 
great strenjith, and intvndi.-d for the capture of the buftklo, were fiuteDcd 
to tree« on the banln, malcing a complete feiic« to the eommunication 
with the lalce. 

" My companion and my»eir placed ourselves with our gum on either 
aide of the ttrean, while the Indiam with long bambooe felt for the 
aniinali for xome time he rcfuWKl lu bo ditturbcd, atid we began to fear 
that he wan not within our limits, when a spiral motion of the wat«r 
under thi; sjict wher« I waa standing, led me to direct the native* to it, 
and the creature alowly moved on tliu bottom toward* the nvit, which he 
no Eooner toudied than he quietly turned back and proceaded up lfa« 
stream. This movement wus aeversl times repeated, tUl. having do rest 
in tlic enclosure, bo attempted to climb up the banlt. On iMMving a 
ball in the Iwdy, he utiored a growl like that of an angry dog, and 
plunging Into tliu water crossed to the other nde. where he was received 
with n similar satutatjon, discharged directly into hit mouth. Finding 
liimseir attacked on every side, he rcnewiid hii attempts to oioend tlie 
banks : but whnt«vi?r part of hitn appeared woa bcired with bullets, and 
dndinn thai he was hunted, lie ti?rgot his own fumiiilablc mconi of attack* 
and sought only safely from the troublei which surrounded liim. A low 
Mpot which ncporatcd the river from the lake, a httle above the nets, was 
unguardedi and we fearad that he wt»uld tuccecd in cscafdng orer it. It 
was here neeewary to stand lirmly ngainiit him, and in sereral attimpta 
which he made to croM it, we turned him back with speais, bamboos^ or 
wliulevet came fimt to hand. He uncc M-emed delcnnincd to force bis 
way. and fuaining with rage, ruilied wiLli open jaws and gniuhing his 
loeth with a sound too' i>iiiinuii]i to be despised, appcai'od to have his full 
energies Bronsed, when liin career was stopped by a large bamboo thrust 
violcnllv into hin mouth, which he grotind to picees, and the fingers of 
the holder were so parulysed that for »ame minutes he was incapable of ! 
TCfuining his gun. Thu natives had now become «o excited as to ftwget 
all prudence, and the women and children of the little hamlvt had coma 
down to the shore to share in the gatcrul enthusiasiu. Tbey crowded to 
the o^iug, aTid were so unmindful of their danp^r that it was necessaiy 
to drive thetn back with some violence. Ilad the moniter known his 
own strength and dared to have used it, lie would have ^tK over that 
spot wilh a force which ni human power could have withstood, and 
would have hare truihed or carried with hira into the Inke abwut U;« 
whols population of the place. It in not strange that personal safety was 
forgotten in the excitement of the Bc«iie. The tremendous brut*, galled 
with wounds and repoatod defeot, tore hia way through the fooiningi 



waUr, gUncinc from Rile to ude, in the rain attom{>t to sroid )m« Iom ; 

tbeo rtfidly ploughing up Ihe stream lie grounded on titt iiliallowi, atid 

tamed back ftuntic nnd licn-ildcrcd ftt Ilia ciKumacnbi-d position. At 

Llmgtb, niaddftncd vrith sufr«ring and dcpentte iiom continued pnnccti* 

llion, be niibed furiounly to the mouth of the atreani, hunt throiij;]) two 

laf the nete, snd I thrci* don-n my gun in detpair for it looked as though 

'liM wa]r at lut wot door to tho wide lakv ; but the third R?t (topped 

him, and liii t««tb and I^a had got aniaogled in all. Thi> rare ui 

,a chance of closeir warfare vritb lance*, such a* are uied a^init Uie wild 

Ihufikto. We had wnt for thi> weapon at the commencement of the 

FBttacV, and found it iiiucli more ffTvclunl tlian guns. Entering the canoe. 

[we plunged lance after latice into Uit^ alligutor, at be was struggling under 

the water, till a wood SMmed growing rrom him. whidi moved violently 

above while hit Uwly waa conc^ed below. His endeavoura to extric&le 

LhimMlf laahed tlie watere into foam mingled with blood, and there 

iMeoied no end to hi* vitality or decrcBM to his reustance till a lance 

Jitniek him dinxtiy thiough the middle of Uw iMctc, which an Indian, 

I'with a heavjr piece of wood, hammered into hiro at he could catrh an 

lOfppoctunity. My coropoinion on the other ride now tried tt> haul biin to 

'-the shore, hy the neU to which ha had ftattned himavlf, liul bod not luf- 

licicnt aMiitaaoe with bim. Ai I hod more force with inc, w« managed, 

by tbe aid of the women and children, to drag liit head and cart of bia 

body on to tbe little beach, and ^ving him the mu/> de grace, ui(t bim to 

gacp out tbe retniiant of liii life. 

* Tbia nioniter was ncartv thirty feet in length and thirtcoD feet in 

eimimftmice, and the lieai alone weighed three hundred pounds. On 

'. opening liiin thcrv were found, with other parts of tbe borw, throe legs 

Lratirc, torn off at the hatitidi ami shoulder, besidca a large quantity of 

I Monea aome of them of several pounds weight." 

Tbe Iktb of aUigaton ia eaten by tome nnliona, but con tcsrrely 
b» comideied an e]rf«ur«ian monel. A serpent will, however, lunch olT 
an alUgator with infinite yii«b>, as appears from the following example. 
In October, l^ti, a Ciunoudy snahc was killed in Demerani, nxtn- 
mmag fourteen feet long and thirteen indies in drcumfcnrnce, as the 
natural sixa of the body, but the belly was distended to (he enornioua 
tiw of thirty-one inchce. On opening it, it was found to contain an 
entire alligator, recently swallowed and measuring six feet long hv 
twenty-«^t inches In ctrcunift-rence. From the appoiirance of the notic 
of tho alligator, it waa evidunt that the snake destroyed hiro by twining 
round tliat part ; and to stnn had been the ccnttriction that the eyea 
were starting from ihe head. 

Some valunble informntion as to tho habits of crocodiles arc pven by 
ftfr. Goaac, on tliu authurily of Mr. Richard Hill. It is fieauTalty aup- 
poaed that alligators tuv greedily )>artial to dogs, and surpnse lliem oflen 
wbao they come to drink at the rircr. " Tlw voice of Ihe dog," says 
Mr. Hill, ** will always draw them away from an object when prowling. 
Tbo«e who would cross a river without any risk Froni llieir attacks, send 
a scout down the stream to imitate the canine liark, yelp, or bowl, wlien 
away swim iht^ alligntor* ft r their prey, leaving an uiimoUatad fbfd for 
tbe traveller higher up. Instinct has taught the dog to aecure himself 
by a aimilar expedient. When it bos to traverse a stretch of walet, it 
feoUly goes Kmc distance down the stream, and howls and barks. On 
petedving the alligators crowding in eager cupidity to the ^t, it creeps 



gently alon^ tbe banks highn up, and swims over the wattr wtthoul 
moch 6m of being punued." Jlr. Utli. hovrerer, doubts wbetber thii 
MgcnwM with which tlic slligBtor Ktpondt to the cry of tbe iog, it to he 
atlnbutcd to fbndneM for it u food ; he rather oseribae it t« llie Ncn»- 
hrity of tbe miuhI to its omi peculiiir crj uader any species of exdte* 
limit, ufeaisDy tbe inpudansd Toice of its yoaof, and he esnriden itet 
tbo enttnres pmu towaidi the point wh«nce the rty ii tiMud, tfa« ftnsks 
to protect tlic yung, tltu mit]c« to dvTOiir theiD. ^M 

Sir Ilant SiMUie. in hii " Nstursl tlistoty of Jmaaem" (pres the fel>^l 
lowinK curioiM account of tlMmodeof lakinfr Dllinlon then pmrtiiwd: 

" They an wrv common on thu coula and <&ep riven oT Jamaica. 
One of nineteen uet ia lenjctb. I was told, wai taken by a do(, whieh 
waa made um of aa a bait, with a piooa of wood ttoJ to a cord, tbo £)p> 
ther end of whicli was fntunod to a bed^poct The crMo£le cominff 
(oand as uHoal ev«ry night, aeixcd the dog; was taken by the ptec* <rf 
wood mul'; fa«t to the cord, drow the bed to the vrindow and waked tlie 
people, who killed tin alligator which bed done them much tnischieC H 
TIm aliin waa MuRmI and ^eced to tne at a rarity and preunt, hut I ( 
oould not accept of it, because of iti loifgcfirn, wanting rouin to ttow il." 

Few authon bare leeeived greater injutUce than Hr. Watertoo, on 
account of an athrentare described by him in his interMtinf; " Wander- 
ing*." " Ilaring caught (be nyt), by means of n baited hook, a huge 
cayman in tlw rirer Bewtiuibo, they (tlie lodiani) pulled the caymani 
williin two yanl« of mo : 1 saw be waa in a atato of fcv and pcrtui ' 
tion. I matamly dropped the mart, »p«iiDK up ■°d jumped on hie bsd^' 
turning lialf round as I vaullod, «o that I gaiatd my seat with my hn 
in a nght position. 1 inimediatoly Betuid his fore-l^s, and, by msio 
fince, twiiUd thent on hia beck : thus they scn-nl me lor a biidle.' 

This statement exeitod a wltirlwind of ridicule; we will see witli how 
little caiiM or justice. 

\Vliea speaking of the Tcntyiitci. wo haTO quoted nicienl milbors 
proving that it was the usual proeeeding of tbese people to spring on the 
backs of crocodiln*, and in that poaition to subdue them. Pr. Poooek, in 
his "ObserTBUons on E^vpt," detcribcB tha foUowbg method of taking 
the erocodile. " The inhabitants," tays he, " make some animal ciy at 
a dtitana from the river, and when the crocodile cotnet out they tluvst 
• fpear into his body, to which a rope is tted : they then let lum go inie 
the water to tpend hinself; and ofterwarfB drawing him out, rim a pole 
into his mouth, and jumping on hia botck, tie his jnns together.** Such is 
the mode still practised in Egypti and the following interesting acCMiDt 
giTen by Mr. Gocm, of the cuptviro of an alligator in Jamaiea, most fully 
exMicratct hU. Waterton from soy suipicion of cxnggoration. j 

"A cayman from the ikcighbourii^ lagooni of Lyson's estate in St, 
Tbocnai^sin the Kut, that uwd occanonally to poach tlic duckt and duck- 
linos having free warren about the water-mill, waa taken ii> Itia prowl 
and killed. All sorts of luitpidoii was entertained about the dcpredo- 
ton among the ducks, till the eiocedikt was surprised lounging in one of 
the ponds, after a night'* plunder. Dowme, the vtigtncer rf the pUntO' 
lion, ihet at him and wounded him, and tlimigh it did not tvcni that he 
was much hurt, lie was bit vrith such leniitivu dTcct, titat ho imme- 
dtatelv roie out of tlie pond to rtgoin the morass. It was now that 
UeviJ BroM-ii, na Ahican wninman, came up, and beC^re the reptile 
couU make a dwlge lo gel away, be throw bimstlf astride over his bede, 



MiBtcheil iiphU foiv-pam ra n moment, and lielJ t)>ein cIouUmI up. The 
beul waa inunedintdy thrown upon its snout, and though able to move 
ftwly hU hind te*i, and sUp his tul aboat, ho muM sot budge hairu 
vxrd. hia powur being altegether tpent in a fruitlcBs cndeavuur to grub 
tninwlf onnaid. Ai he wu neoeamily conlined to move in a circle, he 
was pr«tty titnxiy hdd to oso spot. The African kept hi> (cnt. Hit 
pU«e aciora the bMUt being at tbe aboulden, be waa expocod only to 
KTcre jerin, •« a chanco of being thrown ufl'. In lliii way a huge nrptile 
«ighl«en fc4t long, for to bo mtuund when killed, won held mitnti /orti, 
by one maii> till Downte reloaded tiis fowling-piece^ and tliot him quietly 
through tlte brain." 

We will, finally, see Iiow our bold Briti»li tubultemi in India, when 
in *tc«plB-cbn«hig mood, dmi with nn nUigntar-*tc«d. Their proceeding* 
are thus dcMtibed by Iii«ut«nant Burton. 

" Tbe ' Alliitator Tank,' sa it is c&llod by lh« nstaves, ava its orijuin 
and fiunc to on-e Hajvc Mufur, a Moiloiii hcmiit, who tint vinlvd ihe 
batten iint, and to aave himulf the trouble of harin^; to frich vatet 
from afar, csubmI a rill to tri^rkle from the rode above. It was visited by 
four brother uints, who, without rliymo or reuon, began to perpetrate a 
Tariety of miracles. One rormed a hot mineral apring, whoce rmreolent 
procveda Mttl«d in Uw ntarcst liollcw, eonv«nitig it into a foul morain ; 
another metamorphosed a flower into iin animal of the crocodile species ; 
and the third ronveited t)i« bit uf slick he wai wont to use its a tuoth' 
borush, into a palm thnot, whit"!! at once becoming a datotre^, afToriitrd the 
friends twe«t fruit andpleasnnl shade 1 Thiicpot, an J tbe inhnbitnnts of 
the motass, descendant! of the floral reptilian are regarded as holy ly the 
nativrn, but arc subjected to much pfT^iwiilton from thfl youthful officer* of 
tl»e Dritisbarmytastheyarepolitciycallo]. One ofthese baring performed 
Ihe kalof runniog across tbe morasa unhann»]. and being in a state of great 
{aW alc'ian valour, pcopoMs an nlligator-riile, m ngnin Inughcd to scorn, 
and afain runs off, with mind Tt\adt up, to lliu tent. A moment al^cr- 
warda he rea{>f«an carrying a huge iteel fork, atici a tharp hook, strong 
and ■har|>, with tho body of a fuwl quivering on oric rtid, n.nd a stout 
cord attached to tlie other; he lashes his line carefully round one of 
the palm-trees, and comtnencea plying the ivater for an alli^itor. 

" A brute nearly twenty feet long, a reml Saurian every inch of him, 
takes the bait and finds liimself in a predicament ; lie must either dis- 
gorge a tavouiy morsel. «r retn&in a prisoner, and for a moment or two 
he inakee tli« Ignoble choice. He putlt, however, like a thorough-bred 
baI]*dog, ttakm bit bead as if he wislicd to slicd it, and lasbi.-* liis tail 
with the esiergy of a slinrk wbo is being beaten to death with capstan 
ban. In a moment young Waterton is seated, like an elephant-driver, 
vfim the thick neck of the reptile, who, not being accuttamcd to carry 
■ueb weight, at oaea sacrifices iiii fowl, and running olT wjih his rider, 
makea for the morass- On tlio way, ai time*, he slackens his ug-xag, 
wriggling course, and attempts u bite, but thu prongs uf tlie steel forki 
weUrammod into the icfl skin of bis neck, muzzle him cCrcctuolty 
enough; and just as tbo stood is plunging into his on^i clement, the 
jockey springs actively up, leaps on ono »i£t^ avoids a ttnilic laab liom 
the serrated tail, and again eicapes bottcf tlian he ditxcrvtts." ■ 

• Pnm^Sdade. or tbe t'nlwppy VMty." tlciilio]r, lUI. 



Kn9vr ye the road of S)'Kad notoriety, 

Where close cnbs aUnd, nnd oniiiibu.ieD plj i 

Which squares iiuil creswnts dock la gay variety. 
And wnllod-tip villaH, hidden from the cja; 

Which counts draiMtic stitrs in its sudety, 
In tiumhor* tliai liUh Heaven's stars tan tic ; 

Wlllch hoiUti an hospital? — but wherefore prompt OD? 

The place you must )iav« recognized, as Broiuptoit. 

Near tUi* famed \i\ice, in a s^cliidod Rpot, 
By a Rtncill gnrdiMi from th<! roud dividi-d^ 

A siiiftll hotiM! stood— ^ perfect rural col, 
In which, not mnny months ngo, rpnided 

A huppy pair, cuiitvutcd with their lot ; 

Thinking all bliss, while th^y «vrc not divided ; 

Asking kind Hcav«a for no further boon, — 

"ris true ihey still yrera in their hoDFyinoon : 

Y«t, as good niudeU for all constant lovers, 

Joseph and Anna might have been displayed — 

Each day, ttonw brighter chana iu her ditcorent, 
By fresh devotion on his part repaid — 

OiK- cloud nlone iu thflr horljsoii hovers; — 
(The crumpling of the rotc-kaf, I 'in afraid)) 

That horrid ofGc« [ — ever; day, Foor Joe, 

At nine o'clook is hurried off to go. 

Short-Mghtvd mortals 1 why, — the separotioD 
Of those satno eight hours out of tvrojilj'-four. 

Add) to afTcclIoD, sesl and aniiiialion, 

Kelt by the wife, — and by the huHbaod more — 

Iteiuming from a long day's application. 
To find a sn'eet face aniliug at ihe door, 
Abright fire sparkling, — warmlh, and joy, and peace; 

Do«i not tbe contrast heme's true charms itienuise ? 

" Don't be late hack, tovv," Anna murmured, parting 
From Joseph, on the morn of the New Year; 
It almost paid th« griovance of departing, 

Thosv tender word* and g«ntle tonci to bear- 
So Jowpli thought, while on hia long iralk iiarting. 

With Auna'a aueet voice ringing in his car. 
He gave a sigh — thcoj (juickening his gaili 
Exckiined, ■• Confound thai watch ! I shall be late." 

Elbowing. po»hing, forcing on hi* way. 

At length a brother clerk he chanced to meet. 
" Why, Ton are early from jour work lo-day I" 

said Joseph, as be ttlopped, his friend to grccU 
•• Work ! " aaid the other, " "lis a holiday, 
« To ua poor fellows a dcliglilful treat.' 


** .A ha^idftj- 1 " cried JoMcph, " what a pleanirc t 
*' 111 hutcii home — wluu glad oews fot ny UOAsunt' 

How gaily BOW, his bput ci»rlions using, 
OnaaMt lu lium« and wifi- be (]uiolcly liics ; 

WKh pleaunt fancies, now, bii miad amuaiiig, 
Asiicipating Anna's glnd (urprise ; — 

Al otlwT tiiDot, iho Icnglh of way abusing ; — 

At length the wi&li4Hl-for cottagv nuwu liin i>yt» — 

He koocka onoe — twice — thrice, imn\y at the do«r; 

'J'h« woll-known raps strike tieodlcM o cr and o'er. 

At length, the door mat opened ; a>nd beilde him 

Stood Anna, in beeoming ugilultan ; 
Sbc »id, ahc from the wiodow hod descried him ; 

And whrn he asked her, what her oeciipalion 
W»s, ibal HO long, an eiitrauce she denied him ? 

She blushed, and uttered with much pertuibatioa. 
Some faint excuse, which, with her shrinking eye 
And chuuging lint, b««iued very like a lie. 

■■ Don't let US fttand her« in the cold to chatter," 
Said Joseph, in »,n accent somewhal item, 

His Anna would buve aikeU, what was thv matter; 
But feared l«t her soliritude he 'd spurn i 

I'erhaps (my heroine I would not flaltvr). 

Her busy conscience mode her fair cheeks bum ; 

And tbtoking of the slip in her veracity, 

Acted as a restraint on her loquaeily. 

Bui, by degrees, their spirits rose affoiii. 
Ana as ihey sat conversing, side by side. 

With fond words Joseph tried to sootlic Ehc pain 
flia harsh tones must have caused hia gentle bride. 
" WTiat could," he thought, "hn»c made my silly brain 
" Form an idea aealnst a love so tried r" 

And quite convineed that he had been tlio ofTender, 

Ho strove to make it up by words more tender. 

What has occurred to make him, in a hurry. 
Draw back from Anna's slender waist his arm ? 

Can jealous thouj^hls again his lancy vorry, 
And cauKv that sudd«a glance round of alarm ? 

Whv doe* his look put Anna in a Qurry ? 
Sbc rosPi and murmuring, " 'Tis vary warm," 

Opened th« trindow, and tlien left the room, 

Lcnvbg her husbaud sunk in de«pe«t gloom. 

Oh. jcslousy I how much are to be pitied 
The riclims of tiiy poisonous influence I 

When once a mind is to thy power submitted. 
Farewell all hope, all reasoning, all sense I 

Now art thou into Joseph's brnin admitted. 
On what would seem too idle a pretence : 




TtioK- fnirs, elmjo doubtt, «liicli all his plMsure mar. 
U \tB AfOfD the •mcll of Kt eipirad ctgnr 1 

Now, who can lave been nnokinn here 1" thought Joseph: 

" Th«ri> 's no use uking Aona, I prnumc. 

8ho reallr luiglit ns w»ll have got no no«, if 

•' She can't percpiw this etident porfume ! 
•' Sh<i said she had no visitors— who know* if 

" I hoA not Wit«r ijTiigraiice as<UKi9? 
" She muir liflve snwlt it, and, with giiihy e*rt, 
" Opened the vtmdow, junt to chauge the itir, 

" 1 '11 hide my doabtsi and watch her every niotioii,'' 
Jiiat thm, his nifo ri^^nUrrd with a mule: 

Ilpr manner nhowed no traw* of ontoliao, 

A«, with gay talk, she strove th« houri to ullc ; 

llfrr merry laugh. Iivt simple, fond devatiOQ, 
Serv<!tl, for n iiia^, liis fnncies to brguilo ; 

Dili still, that odour, floatiii^ io the air, 

CoDlrivod liis coming gai(4y to scar«. 

Vainly, ditnimnlttion'n aid iiivnking, 

The coDvi^raatian round about he led ; 
Wished thry hnd viiiilon — and uiid, hnlf joking, 

Thit he had mrrt a friend, who vns ill-br«d 
Enough to want to come in, nIthouKh smohing. 

Here he thought Annn'a ohnrk grrw very rrd; 
But, as alio answered with some slight remark, 
He was obliged to leave off in the dark. 

I Next morninir. Joseph lin^crr in his ^oidk, 
' Although the clock his tardlnnitii reprovon ; 
Till Anna, wilh a smile, the hour huud aliuwiiii^. 
Presents hitn, aa a hint, with hat and f^toTes, 
*■ "TU but too clear! she '« ()uilc impatient graaing," 

Thought he, as to the door lie slottly moves, 
" But, this liinci in hypocrisy I '11 ntatcli her. 
" As suie as I 'm alive, to-day I '11 catch her ! " 

Rcftolvcd to act with care and circumspociion, 
Me hid the bitter pain from which he smarted ; 

He said "good-bye!" with mu-eti nnumcd affection, 
Trying to hum an air, and look light-hearted. 

Hia ifoubtt thus safe Frotn all fear of detection, 
Upon his fuliil journey off he startud. 

With pl-iof Ibat gave thia gay, good-humoured fellow, 

A wonderful rMcmblnee to O^ielb. 

" Ir," ibouf bt W, " I find aoroctbing wrong nboiit her, 

" So pains, no toraients of revenge I 'II «parel 
^ Vet, alter oil, it il Utijust to doubt her 
" Ob • rail**-, iilrnillv, ' light as air.' 
~ a blank would eiittencv b« iriiliont her 

kind looks and words, her lender, loving care !" 


Here, a* he mnliad tsut tnlo llie lover. 

He baslencd back, the whole truth to diacoT«r. 

Through thn small gnHnn, now beheld him alMilIng, 
Willi beating heart, and Tootjileii light and airy : 

Feariiitr aome chance, his quick return revpaling, 
ShouM spoil bii plot, be tait rvuni! glaDcea wsf?. 

At kngth, eiKcessfulljr his t'orm coruxaling, 

He reached llt« houM : and tb»n. rith aniimit e»n, h« 

Crrpt lo the parlour aindow, itod peeped in, 

Trcmhltpg at what he tiit$;hl behold within. 

Whai *ovs he. there I — Mch jealous tano^- flies; 

nauht and iusjKcion arc for evrr gooc! 
ily ibe firpiide, \in Aitiia mectit his «yw, 

RcclhiiDg in an ann-cbair, und alone. 
But what her occujwUon ? — (his surprise 

U iuMififld by tiicb a cauBv, we own). 
A faint cloud imutn from her lips, which arp 
Paffing avay at an immcnw cigar I 

Th» ndamatMn, ho cnald not rrprn««, 
SUrtled the fair one from h«r uieditalioii ; 

TretabtiDg with wonder, and with fear no Imi. 
She spied her hunbnii'i) at h!s obscrvatioa. 
' Joaeph t she cried, in accents of diMrvM. 
He wailed fur no ftirlher rnvititlion, 

UtiU quick H ihooehl, thr wiii<low tvd^ be gained, 

And to his heart hi* rnitliful wifit he strained l 

I need sot lell how Joseph, dwibts fortwearing, 

Wa* pf his jealoii" whims for ever rid ; 
How Ann.i had Iwen lonRin^, yet not darinf. 

To oun ihe lecivt baliil from him hiJ ; 
llow, all hit frantic jl-aIous)' declaring. 

He owned bin fearB doacrvinfi lo be chid ; 
How ho forKavo, and joined bin coiialaiit Anna 
In quiet indolgenoe in » mild Havauna. 


Now, of Llii« Itilo llK' moral I 'It explain : 

A uM-fiil oiK^ to iiujitiatid and to wife. 
Wivev, let oo idle fi^nr^ your inith n-ftriu»i 

I*or laysl^-ry will oiX oocaiioa ulrifi'. 
Ilu'liandK, from causi^lfin jvalousy refrain, 

Ijfut yiiu cmbiUcr all your wedded life, 
Kor doubts which nlXerw«rdri you would revoke, 
And fear*, which may, like Joaeph'a, and in aDtoAo / 


M. A. B. 




A Mumricnrr iiliiii.iliiiliin, with oriental spkndaar, aad brilliant 
witli Arabic ileeantiMM,wai allotted to Sofa nceptioa ; sad thoT she wu 
iBBwdiatclr attended bjr aix Ifooriih daatsda, wboone ta rFceire bpr 
•rd«Tfc Fatigoed by the length of berjaamej, and atrered with the dort 
of the road, abe be^iged for water to refreth berwlf, and a naoi where 
At mvht repoM. Scarcelr w0e the words pronoanced whea she bebdd 
arootuT her i-FMcb of silrer, bronght to her br six other damsels, 
dolbed in white, and offering her that fur whidi the had asked with 
respect and hamili^. 1'hej brought her clothe* of the finest cambric, 
fragrant eaaences of Arabia, and ex qtiintely- worked gannentsof direra 
colonra, and of the highest Talne, all of which the humble Sol rejected, 
•eareely accepting from them eren those things whidi were iodiepen- 
nble to her, and declining to change her dress. Bnt me of the ladies 
of the cotirt, seeing this, told hei that she had receired ord«s to clothe 
her according to the custom of the conntrj, for which purpose she bad 
Cidlected together these garmenta fttr her choice. Sol, nererthelees, 
after expressing her gratitude, endeavoured to excuse herself, bnt the 
request wu pressed upon her with so much urgencr, that she found it 
impossible to decline; aud, at length, among the many Tarieties of 
dress prepared for her express use, selected one of a black hue, bor- 
dered with while, as indicadre of the sadness of her heart ; when, 
after a place of rest had been pointed out to her, she was left a]i>ne. 

All the women who had been employed about the young Hebrew 
repeated to the wives of the imperial prince the warmest praises of 
her extreme beauty and amiability. The emperor biuisetf visited the 
houxe of bill son, and inquiring with minute curiosity into all the inci- 
dents that have been related, and listening with delight to the praises 
heaped upon his young captive, he reuetved his commands that she 
should I>e treated with gentleness, that everything which could flatter 
her sight, or gratify lier wiaht's, should be given her, and that nothing 
should be denied her by which her mind could be ftivourably impressed 
previously to the interview which he proposed to have with her on the 
day folltiwing, — saying, an he departed, that the moment of her con- 
version by hit means would be an epoch in his life, which he would 
mark hv the most princely magnificence to all that had contributed to 
it. All promised the most punctual compliance with the commands of 
the emjteror and the prince, and all vied with one another ia invent- 
ing every expedient to effect the object which the most subtle arts 
could have recourse to. During the night the wearied maiden slept 
profoundly, while the Moorish women in attendance watched her in 
silence, anxious nut to disturb her slumbers, and not venturing to move 
friim their posts. 

Morning dawned at last. The nightingale, the goldfinch, and the 
swift-flying bunting, announced the rising of the orb of day ; the 
flowers oncloied their buds in the transparent morning ray, wafting 
forth their di'licious odours, and perfuming with their fragrance the 
tranquil abode where breathed this innocent and lovely maidtn. Tbis 
al>od« was within a small gallery, decorated with crystal ; and sur- 



rounded by vast hlinibbcrica of the laurel, cypres*, and myrtlr, wIiom; 
' lark foliage muiglvd wjtfa the fra^ant boui;hs of the citruii uixl lomin. 
rbriMigh ocCMKinal viatu micht W rcmnrlcpd, smid tlt««« iahyrtnllis 
of ct^maJ green, ihc deep mulberry -coloured liriuichi;>» of llie lowtTiiig 
■pic«-tre«, wliili- the tme, the jessamine, nod (he mallow. cTuivntd the 
niwd terraces in sivet^t luxurtaiictr. HwmiiiK lu vio nitli the tuli (.-iiabia, 
aott darlcraiuK tta- buircTK wlicrc ilir tunlif-lit bnJ lii^cit ailotvi-'ii t» pt^iii^- 
tratr hy the abundiuice of tlioir white and criiUMii hloom. The blue-bt-ll, 
lht> white lily, and the lily of the raltcy, blouomed beneath, sliedding 
tiitirji«rfuinfaa ihclntvcicartli, as though too lowly to ininjili' with the 
clouds of fra^nuicc i-mitted by the luftirr plants, obove tvliich in tlieir 
turn the amliitiotis vniodbine exited lU gay featoonfi ; and in the mure 
disuitit khiuivx »f tbe gaitlen, the ^crn »wjrd Kjir^ud a Koft nnd vn- 
ricgBtnJ carpet ovrrihe ground, sfuiifcled with plants of the dwarf 
violet, and aminiiUeiiiuicbDaril. It wax upon theoe scenes that the eyes 
•f thv fnir I I<-lirrw anclo»ed, nfWr her Wg nnil [imlimml nJrep. &i 
f«ir II ki|;lit tilled htv with a trnni)nil -iiid Bere&e plvs^iirv ; the warbling 
of the ftingiug birds thiit lliittvred amid llie braoclie* around h«i, or 
A^vberc nnd thtre untid tlw Howery masesor the f;tirden, were heurd 
witb delight, snd while she Halched tbem shcenviod iheoi their liberty. 

It woa with uirpriee and mlmirationthic tlicyuung JrwrKsi-Xiiminrd 
thjB Mnb^lltsbmenUaf this i^lcry, n-hich u-ere, imieed, n triumph of 
art and inf^euuity. Again and ugiiin did she oilinir« it, Teuliniitj^ on 
her cnucb. One of the AInori-ili lui!iex, oi'eiti^ livr atli-nlion tbuu en* 
|!«ged, addressed btr, with ui alTectiunute Kalittiitiun. .S»I n'plivd in 
accents of kindnetit, and eiitrred iiiio cuiiversation wilb her. upenking 
with innocent admiration of the picturesque beauty of the landscape 
ftbe heheld from this sallrry. 

A Iiisclc lUve, elotned iit white, eikme to give noticv to Sol that tha 
kaidgiia * waited to receive her. With buittr, tbercfure, she tuok leave of 
be Jlooriab ladies, wnd placed herndf under thu cuiiiluct vf llmt nflicf r. 
wo* nt once coiidueted into the preierii-'L' o( the emperur, who 
eived Iicr in u inngnlficvnt ball, sttlinf; uii an otlonion of crimson 

ilvet, richly fringed with gold, Oppaiite to liim u'ns a cushion, whicli 

I desirMi the ytiting Hebrew to <>ccupy, and commanded his tlavcx to 
Br»e f*/a,^ and ica wilb the berb ta'ua.X Hiiring ilaw, by every 
deiDOtistnition of kindness and affability, prepurfd her to cunverue wila 
Mm — the emperor told Sol, be had lung bince heard of her mental 
actiuirrmentii and (nlenls, nnd wiu n»I igiionuit of tbe arguments she 
baa used In tbe inlace of hia son, nor of her obatinute refusal to em- 
tlirsce the i^w of the Priiphet ; but tliul he looked npaii ibut merely 
'•• a morbid feeling cf ber mind, »ri«ing from delusion, and truilea 
that when A e should have argued awhile with her, iho would not l»iig 
CDOtinae in ber iiresent upiiiion. 

'•Thou art called Sol," proceeded the emperor, "iail m* so?" 

The young Jewess replied in tb« affirinutive. 

" Well, tbtti, hi-lorrd Sol," said he, " I bnve prepared « boon beyond 
all tbe powers of thine imaginstion to conceive. .Since (irat I heard of 
tby bi-aoty and virtue from Arbi Eud, the giiveruor of Tangier, I de- 

* Or **aipiaia of a huniJml," wniarioa. Vtoai iba Arabic lairf, a VmAvt or 
ckiaf, win, s hundred. Tbo Kaidau* is adjutant of the empire. 

t A krnd of ivetuneat prcpaicd lor the empcrur and petviiu oT bigb nnk. nan* 
poard (if imlli, taffu, huiter, and dnaaoion. 

I A harb tike *w«*i marjonun, uiunlly seemniaiiyinir ■■• in Haraow. 







oiOed that thuu shouldst Wcnmr tliv r»otiiintf«« of my cntirt. I x^iwl 
till**; riiti-r Fvz ; nnd wu dcliKbtcd wiiJi uU I aaw : I lieard lliee Hpirak 
ill the im'^i->(> of my ooii, and wns cliuriiii-tl with alt I lirard. I ivat 
brside iliut--) thuiii>h iinetren, anA I rvjoici-d with th« Prophet. <trvr ••<* 
fidr B captivi;. Tliia muriiin;;, wliile tliou wast oonrenlug it|>vii iliv 
at]it(> (if men tiy birtb, I whk in th« enrden ; tliv Tolvn." who accvim- 
fiank-d aie, siiid to me, ' this J«we:>r)i will iRcleed beuuoMe MubumetAn V 
At that motiK-nc, 1 liiu) iluciilej tu r«n-ufi] thv beiiutv by girin); tiiw i( 
mariiase to my nvph^Wt— 4 hucidsunu-, ricli. and briire youth ; I hn 
deierminvd to bentuiv aputi tlie« a diamonil, ivlias<> tuIua execvds ftll 
tho richet tlint any prince cud puHMntH; sii^c. bi^iiulifal iitA, tbeiw nre 
indeed ^ifu worthy to be uppn-ciuivd, und thuu wilt not, 1 sin certain, 
diaappi>inl me." 

■' Aly lord," replied Sol. " I mutit confoHi, thot in my preai-nt con- 
diliun, iiiilhinj; can iittract oi fix. my attentiun: and my mind in tw 
■ncnti^d by thi- rvinrmbnincc of my parviiU nnd uf n^y bnitlwr." 

"Thy |iiiri-]it<t nnd thy brol Iter," »iiid the emperor, "Mhall be seat 
for iniuiediulfly nfler tliy recantation." 

" Stiy, rjithcT.'' fxckinied Si»l, "a.fl8r my d«atb, for aewer can 1 
bactKHi^ II Maliomelan !" 

" Innocent creature!" said the emperor, "who htu ur)[ed yiwi to 
thin tL*merity f Ki'Heet but for nn inilant : then conudi-r if you would 
miDUDcv my favour, and embruci- Oeatli an an altematiTit I KeaMJiw 
<)nlckly ; or 1 wnuld «v«n Kr.ini <l<*liiy, if y«it drsiro it." 

" My liord" suid Si>l, " I aui well awari; that you have distiOKUuhed 
me in a ntminer of whioh I nm undi-serring ; the atfi^n that roii liavv 
■mule Diu arc, indeed, ivortby of tto great a prince ; bnt I. h n)iiier4blu 
JcweaH, connut accept iht-m. 1 have deterniint-'d neri^r to cluii^f my 
Cioed ; if this residvu nbdtild merit duitli, I iritl putirritly itnbniii : 
order, ihen, my execiilion. nnd the Gu<l of juatico, Knonin^ iiiv itino- 
ocHcei will nvvu^e my blood." 

" Unhappy iiirl!" t;xclaini«d tlie empuror ; " you were not born to 
be su beautiful, yet so Hnfurlniiute ! Prom tills mutnetit I nljutniion 
you: my pride forbid* me to [Krnuudo you further; ycl I leiire yon 
with sorrow — the laws <if my realm must Jndjie yon, mid already I 
forcMWj tliut your bluud will be pmirwil out ujion the vntth !" 

841 speaking, iind c;iBtiii^ n c<>nip.u«iimute f'lance upon 8u), tli* 
Diuiiarcli departed with a measitred and thoughtful Htep. 

The nfHieted So) remained immovcnble. Init axvc wav lo a torrcint 
of tearH. Defore long the kaidmia appeared, and deoireo her to fulluiv 
Itimi wbidt alie did mthoul uppuMtina. The vinpcron oliliuti{,'h he 
had decreed thjt the cadi, ua anpcriur jiid^ of the bw, tiliouid trv her 
cunae, or){ed upon him to withhold tliu extreme ueojitiea <if the 
law till every ineans had been tried chat penuaaivu tuia mildiivns cniild 
anpgeat. To tlwliouw nf this ma|{iMrat« ahi- \va<i iiuwcoiidneted, wiib 
tlii» recommendation from the emperur, in cnnsetjiience uf 
xrbicb, tnatvad uf being Kent to the ntiaan, a riwm in the cadi'a own 
liuiiMe was let apart fur her, where ne could be near her cuHtiuuHllr. 
and frc()uentte ^njEajte her in cunvertution ; yet aJl theMi mark* of 
kiudnesa did the young Sul receive ui part uf her tiiurlyrdon),and nnw 
thought on nothing but death, as tlie means uf her Ti-i»tte(i-for rcleiac> 

* A iMmoil |>r>A<(Mr of llie Uv, li li tlw oomnHin pnuike i<i Aialid r<i lwr« 
wliiipcriug-Kallerin mmI nmuli-rouua in muvt lientah m> (b«t wbut |uu«ai 'u «■■« 
tfMiaicni nay Ije overlMard In aootlicr. 



'Jlw J«iv irW Liid itccjKnpaiiiitl ttii- captiva moidvn at die request of 
l»*r parviiK l>i"<J wrilitu acwa «f nil ibwi! uveiitii lo T«ngit-r. In Fi-ii 
ih«-T pxdlKl a ven |iri?at s«o«atiun ; :ini), vK)im»Ilyiiinocij; t]i(.'rt<ai(leDt 
Jeiim, hIiO K^iou-fd tltfir Jntrrv^t in all tlist poMeil whenever tlu-y 
(MMild do Ml tvitlinut injuTin^ tlio hticcp^M <if the i»e*ii« ilrvisud to »jvg 
Ibr viciinii uf which tliey never l<Mt »i)clit ftir ii moment. But tliey 
i»«re iioiv, alttiouKli tliey knew it not, eii^^.iged in it liojieleiui uiidur- 
t»kii>|; ; fnr tliu Ali>t>fii had entered into a, cuinpsci, burtuf; fir it* object 
th(t omrrraioa of Svl. and frum tlii» tlu-re wm no ocane. 'I'bc cadi, a 
eeuluuK iiet-vant of tbe emperur, coiidnctpd Iii< uuk with masterly tult- 
\l*lj i i\f KouM irere almost daily occupied by him in ■ivtiinvntH end 
•ntrealiea to tlie yuuiig Ji'ireas ; liut nil niut vtiin, tbr utradfiisl maideoi 
6na in tier rew>liiiiua. adhered to the kw uf lier filliers, and liite-ned 
wilb relutlaiicv lu ull ike t-xliurtalioiia uf the ciuli. Hl- admin-d her 
furiilude of apirit, while hi- pitied l>cr futr, knonrin^ tliut unk'N) abe 
li«catne a picM-lyic, her switenw; miisl inevitably be pronounced. In 
ordef to liiuten the crtiu. liowvvf^T, he conci'rtvu a Hcneinv to surprise 
hrt iuiu a decmon by which she mi^ht eiitii-r escape, or fall into bh 

Op« uoraiiig etirly, after niiw day* had b«cn spent in ii»eleas per* 
■UDMoD, the cmIj entiirrd the apartment of fiol: — " My daughter," 
^uid he, " I brin|; you nctva of cenMilution ; I, that have heheVd you 
mti) vycftof ciimtKuuon, thitu'niild w«e|)(>ver yuiir di'uih uk for ihm 
uf ■ danghter, h^tre nought ilie JjiJ3,uiiD& t of your creed; withtliein I 
fanve r(iii.'<t>tvreil )otir (u-eaiTt ponitliin ; they uMure me tliat your feur 
of forl'eiliTi>' the (jloricB which are lo vome, ivhieh muMW yiiu to reject 
tb« laws of the I'rophi-t, is ^rouiidle^s ; they rOHUre you that fiiltir^ 
lilwry, on the word <>( tlicir conHciencc, pruvi'tled thut your life in not 
thiK forfeited. 1 vriih the emperor to remain unaci)uainted with Chv 
btep I have thtiK taken for yniir sule benefit, my dvvir dnii^liter, nnd 
frun niotieeft uf kindncM and affection only. You n ill he viticed hy 
thr Jajaniim, ntio will reiH-iit what you now bear rnini my lipa ; and 
tLu«, MNivincedof tl>e truth, yon will fjive n»* the deli|!ht uf yotir cun- 
vvrnian, and of yotir rencue from death. But I perceive you are but 
little affected by tliiit news I " 

K«d hail not cMM-d, durii^ this conrvtrntion to tvgud tlie cadi with 
a acriout exprewioo of cuuncenance which i-cry cloarly indicated the 
aui«af nHTDtal THcillutton products) br his worda; nevcrtbrleiit, sbu 
■aawtred only, that sh« ivas beyoinl nieiuurtf unxi^itis lu iLpciik to 
llie Jajnniina, on whoae judgment would probnbly depeiMl her (inal 

Now this plot, so far from heinf; undertaken wiUiout ibe kniiw1ed){e 
of the ein|>eror, had bt'^n enncertvd between hini<ielf nnd the cadi ; and 
by bis dritire the Litter infiirmed the Jojuwins, that untesii thev suc- 
cveded in the coiivcniuu of the yiktm^ Hebrew, shv would ittitrer death, 
and they would be oipuited to the vtupera'a rifforoua displ^-iisure. Tbiii 
ihrrat producvil the d«nr«d offlect ugtun the JajaminH, ivhu cuuie to Sul 
prrparrd hy every means in their povier to cbanf^' her re]>i>iulioH. 

1 1 iiiAV here ttc mmliont*!, thni xht Moorish latf onnoi /vnv •i J«w t«i c1i»ng<c 
LitH rvll|pon ■ (hU «niTvniat< ointt be ralitatarv. Thv Ciuli nnilil mx, itkcrrforu, 
[qiinIiiii tM l<> Jeslb, bnaiiM iba rsfuaed v> bacMm* a AUhuiitriun, inilna ihe 
I na4e iik gf wmB tnjin^uian iiBp»|{«iug the law uf Mahoiiivt. ThU wUI bf 

I Irr ilia leiiael. 

t "ITi* Jajawiiw or flajamiiia ara Jaw* Intaaiaid •iih crriatii di}cnltl», - Atiftliei, 
" irW nuni," anil itBpaM«l a» inch 



On tto ensuing darj when tJit- received their viwi, they profo 
te lier ibcir wWi to conwlc her in her ufltktioii, and to hear froio ber 
»wn lips tills reanons why &)ic had ueRatived the urgmt wiitbcK of the 
tni|i«ror; adding, that UiSh misninn wax u purt of tUcir dutj*. to whkli 
thvjr much de«in:d loonfuim. 

The b«>utiful Jen'e» lit>t«ned with ntteniion to this exordinm ; 

«nd replied, llmugh with ntuny sighs, in tht- foiiowinj; terms;— 

" QoA, who wa> concvulrd from our ritw \>j tlic dense cluud which uo 

bumBn flight could ppDctrate, delivered the Tables of the Lnw lo 

JUoOTB on the Afountain of thp Di-wri. He ptomjitsTny heart tarpnuain 

Imithful to thuHi: Invrn, iaipoifd on the prnph' of Inrncl. Alurc tban oacv 

have 1 rrud in those sucred hookfl ufthu- hnrrihio (lertiecutions i-iidiiird 

by the UraeliteR ivhn violnted thnt iavr ; I hiipc Ktudied the |iroi)hvoies 

(iTfttir Piiiriarchx. ntid h^vcuhwcrved their gTtidtinl Tiilfilmi^iit. Mkihomut 

WW but a false ionovator. a renegade from the primiiivc la" ;' neither 

tit hi* lawR nor to the future pleaKuri>> of hin pumdiie, can I lend an 

car; fitithful to my otvn riU->, the iinine «f thcimlr tnie ttnil rcnmins 

cn|;rav«u on my lieart ; to whom Abraham offVrtd hi< i,on Ishbc in 

•■criticc; nnd I, a daughter o{ Ahniimm, u-i>iitd make naeiiDee nf 

my lifirlo the tame (rod. lloordnin* fidelity, Bnd I wilt liMipIii* com- 

mandmentK «« a fiiithful Hebrew oupht la keep them. Can any rniv nn 

cartli oppose the decree written hy the ri(>ht hand of the AIuHniuh?" 

The Jyumiiu Itttened altvnlivoly to the reasons uf the youthtul Sul, 

and urged, In rejdy, ui^uuienta foil uf hope ; hut wrceiriiiR that Std, 

with an indescribable fimiiK-M, eet thcne nil naide, one of them til 

Iviigth ftddrencd her an follows: — "Our Inn- impoKex on \i«, a* a ilutVi 

after God, lo respect the king. The kitif^S will is that you Bhuuld 

wear the tuihan ; end hia will ia t^ucri-d iip«n earth. I dure not lulrisc 

otlivrni»e, fur 1 iJinuld then lift Up my cniiuael a^ininst the law of tbe 

euUntry that girea ux a home. Ili.-^id;*s, there arc certain circuni stance!) 

of hoinan life whicli nrr of inch exi);encTi ihat thp GoA of Abrabnra 

looks upon them nitli leniency and tulerdtion. As, for instance, young 

maiden, the unfuren-cn and impendiii]: danger of your preMnt ulu- 

ati'in. Yon have pi>r(-nl>^ — n briither ; Jew*, in i^eat nuailier*, renide 

in thift Tiut empire; and a)l thtue will, on your account, be exiled. 

peraeeiited, and ilUuHed. While, on the contrary, your coiivomion will 

not iinly lihertile yoiirtelf from death, hut will nvcrt these ihrpnti'niag 

ilia to them, and »ill brin^ down u|ii>n them lidiiinirs and prieilegen ; 

and we will, in ibp name of Gud, ensure yinir future glorj'. nud nun 

jour conscience by Uikiuf; oa oiirm-lvi-a the responsibility of the act." 

Tlie youuK Jewcn littencd in e^iprennive tiileiice, but witbout any 
iniiUe rmotiun, to llic foregoint; uddreis- At the clciKti of it she urose, 
and expreaned bertelf thow : — 

" I reapect your words, wise men of our faJth; but if eur lawa 
imiKwo renpect — nfier Oodi to the king — the king cannot violate the 
precepts of the One Goil. 1 nm resolved to sacrifice my life on the 
altar uf my fiuth. To tnyxelf uiily tan this re-ialve he fatid : my 
(nrenta and kindred nill be Btrrnglhened, and protected, and freed 
frum the fury of that faaatieism by which I t>ulTer. I will not. even 
in Mitn'ard appenratice, ncn-dc to the tcruin prupuM-'d. I will Uy duwn 
my bead to receive tbe axe of the executioner, and the lemcmbiancu 

* On thoM trorda vai tbe wntcnce ot 9ai ftamtJ, impuctiiDg. at tbuj' UiJ, the 
Mahmxttn cned. 





«f my ileatU *ad constunojr u-tll excil« aa\y ri-uiurte in tliOHe <vliu linre 
a|mri.*)fti-(l me- ParJpn me. if I luvc offeniled yoj j and, I pray j-qu, 
tm mr pnreiits that tlin' lir« in my heart. Fntrvjil thv cadi to luoleKt 
Mc liy no ftiitlier import uuiticn- .\ljr iletermiDution itt lixed, and nil 
forthvr iitti'mjiis to Rliakc it tvill he vaiii." 

Tlie lone of fimtmu in n-liich slic spoke, convinced (he jajnminH 
lliiit the» tvu no hope ; and tliey left Iicr, ovenrlielmcd with aurprixe. 

Thr cadi, who liml I)it<!ni-d to the wholo cniift-Ti-iicv from anuther 
spartDicnti went Hi oicct the anxious and unsucti'.ssful jajamins. 

" I know idl," hiiid he; "I hiwe lieurd cvirythinfi. lour minion 
is fulfilled, and I fchnll report your fidi-Hl]' to tin- emperor. P«ar 
nothing, therefore, but reJy upon uiy word." 

Hr tlwn dtimixsed tlirtn, mid f^tn|i ut once to hU ollicc, b« took ike 
pnpiTH tlifll rtlutcd to the miiM- of llio y<iuii^ So], imd uddi-d t» tliein 
a trsntcript of tier late contiimi'liuiis vnptosinionN ri-K|i<-ctiii^ the Law of 
the Prophi-t, wliich he TfiiK'Ht- tiled ai beiii]; hLi^phcineil tiy her, iiiiil 
senienecd her, in couseqiienco, to public CKt'ctition. lie next repuired 
10 ll>e paUce of the eniperur, and after rt'poriing to him the reiiult of 
ihe Ul)! confervucv will) the jujnuiiiiM, he hiuidcd to hitn tin* si-nteiicc 
«if death. The emperor ivus much inaT4Fd,uiid showed symptoins of 
■Hrprist; and i>un«t-Tii- 

" Haw I " Huid he; "in there no rcuKrily ? IMutl thU Jewess die?" 

" My lord," anawered the cadi, " by Ihe law klie «tundB cuudetnued ; 
nnd there t> 110 rcnirily." 

" Well, then," wid the emperor, " but one more hope rcoiaiiM. J 
ooinmsnd that preparatioos for the execntiuii be made with the uluiuit 
poblkity ; that nil the troops at Fes and at tlie intvrinediutcxtittiotis hv 
saa«mbled, and that uotliinK way be [>mit1e<t which can make the 
tpectMclr an ioipMittg rnie. Let her be ni>ve>itni'ken ; let her even he 
pftitiuUy wonnJed befi>r«> her head be linnlly scvrreil. Percbonce the 
sIlKkt of her own blood, fl»ivin)t duuti, miiy product! »ome effect vpon 
heri and ne miy at the lust inomeiit iiccnuiplinh her oonverxiun bv 
intimidalioD. Lt>ave me; I am uirely di^pIe)We(l nt the f^itc of thi^t 
yuuag Ill-brew — lowly an her nmne. And, mark ine; titriun every 
pujiit i ncf^lecC iivUiing- Wc miiy yet gain her over. AltisI may 
Ala protect her! " Aud thu emperor turned away tvith maiiifust sign* 
of heavy (linpicustire. 

The cndi nell perceived howgivutly hi« roynl mutwr was grieved nt 
the idea of Svl'a deuth : but tliere was non- do remetly. The law, 
barbtroait and unjniit a» it wiu, teat final ; aad her death waa, there- 
fon-, tneviiiiMe- Itefore her execution, neviTibi-le», he puid her a 
find viiii, nbeii he fixinj her kneeling in prayer; and dis|iluyL-d tu 
her the writ uf rXicalion. 

" Bi-hold," snid he, " your sentence Your head will roll on llie 
Kround, and the du*t of the eanh ftliall Ite dyed with ymir hlotKl. 
Your tomb kbull bu covertrd with muled ict ion k, anil amidst them will 
jroor lart end bi renietnberMl. Vi-t, fair Sol, there ia n remedy ; 
think yet upon il. IVmtirrow. at tbta very hour, 1 will return, either 
U pnwnt yuu, crouiivd with tlie jesmniine Huwerii, to the emperor, 
or to Ind you tu your death/' 

With tlieM wwril* liv departed, lenving the youufi Hebreir ntill iii 
tli« putilion in which he had found her upon bin entrance, and from 
whitb the atirred not, but reinaiued in a contemplative ecttacy 
commending her soul fervently to her Creator. 



It in* Boon publicly known in Fez ttist tb« ilaf kpproadieil wlirn 
thtt bvABtiful fciung J^-ivcx* wb» to In.: bcbcRtli-d fur bliUtpbetniDjt Uitf 
name o( tlie Pioplivt. The Moorn, whose relif^otis ftniticiam u great 
btfjond cominriinn, looked iipoii this exi^culioii as tin uocu&ion for 
Tpjoicingn. TKo Jows, [inn-rrloM M rfoipdr it, were uvewome by tbu 
(l«ep«at fe«ling8 of detpondency ; iiikwilling to nrmntn t'litirrlr pMiuvK. 
they oucnmrnced a HtibHOfiptioiii rauly to w inrnted in anj way tbac 
mi];ht bvtt mtt tlie cmt>rgvni:y. Tiieiinrviittund tvlatioiw who were in 
Tangier! whose viTurta to save llus beluvi-d victim would faar« b<Hn> 
uiinviiliiig, even liud itiu)' l>n»i capubli: vf duvixina aiiv cneaot fuf her 
reiicue, nerv iilun^i-d tnt<i despair ; thuir hopeis hail Kulfifred shi]>wreck 
apoii lliL- rwk of u ruleutlesu. futulity. and tliey, like the young maiden 
licnvlf. Itnd n'> cvnauUtion but tliMu impurU'd frpm b«nn«. Th» 
afflicted So! spent the whole day iu meditntion, she refiiNvd all fuud. 
iind loi)ki?d utixiouKly for tin" hour ivhich wituid end her life, Tlidt 
fiitnl hotir iirrived iit Ii-n^th. U'itti ii ireinhlin^ "lep, the cadi eiittiiud 
her apattment, and fuund her, ns before, in prayer. He tvms much 
agitut«d, and could apeak to h«f only mtli the utmont diflieulty- At 
k-ngtfa he mud; — 

*' Sol — beautiful Sol! the arbiters of life unddi-ath may meet lo- 
getlier. Behold luehere! Ktioiv you irhort-fore I am cotnc?" 

" I d*> know it," replied the maiden. 

" j\nd Imvv you determined upon yuur futcP" ubed the cadt. 

Kiting fruui thesrouiid.und with hrniness, Sol atuiiven-d : — "I buw 
determined. LeaJtne to tlie pliico where 1 lUii tu ihed my bluod." 

" Unhappy gtrl ! " eaid the ciidi, " never, till my duatb, ivill thine 
imase leave my memory ! " lie tlien dutln-d a Roldicr to buudcoA' and 
IcMllier to die priaon. 

The authorities -of Fes, at the «inp«ror'ii desire, having determiiMMl 
M K'vc the acent- ss much publicity as postuhle, reNidved tb:it tite exe- 
oitiofl >}iotild take place upon the Sm»»u Utk* H|(Jiir« in Pvi!. where 
the naarkvrt i» held. Tht- previous day, toe, having been ono of thi; 
weekly market days, when thu conooufae of permotis irn.i always very 
considiTjble, the news bad circulottd far and wide, nttd but little elatf 
waa L4lkcd nf. Very early in the morning, 4 ntroug |uc(iuet of aotdiers 
had been posted oti the tioco, in order to excite aitviition nnil aitmct 
more apeclatura; but so nuini.'riiut wu the crowd, that tliis precaution 
was toarecly nccomar)-. The Jews who rtwitlvd in Fe«s, when they iiuw 
that hope waa >l an end, went to the euipcror, and pruirirrcd the large 
mm tmf had collected, as was prevtouiily stated, in exchange for the 
permiMloD to int«r the remuinii of the yuimg Sul after her execution ; 
to which tlie emperor offered no o|i|KiKilion. 

The drciidful uioaivut hud now uriircd, when Ihe fair victim wat to 
be eonducted from her prison to the place of exectition. Till it 
nmrcd, lier dcvoti»n» had been uniatcmipted, and ihc ciiecutioiK*r» 
Mint to fetch her, found her still praying to that Kierniil Itrin;; ia 
wbum her faith wa« a-nlered, that He would I'nAov.- her with itrt'tigtli 
Mid fortitude to receive the bitter cup tbnt awaited her. When ihv door 
of h«r prison «|K-ncd, »ljc saw the executioners enter without manifcsi- 
ingany emotion nr nurprise, but looked meekly towards tbi>m, tviiitinfi 
fur the fulhlment of their miaaiun. Hut these men. who«e nature ia 
hardened to the mual auraf;e emclty, after intim^iting to her that ihey 
were come tu conduct hrr to death, tied .tiound her neck a lliick roja-. 
'if ifhidi tliey cuinraeiiced drawing her nlung ui though die wero a 




wild iNsst. Tbc lavftlf V^'^ K'''' "^^PP^ *" '"''' li'>>'l<'<'<* ^** oj-Oi 
Rsfd on tW eftrtli. nhich sbc inautennl with ber bitter tvurs, foUowed 
ibetn with faltering Mep*. As tbe KWied, camputiMi, frtirf, tvniltr- 
nMO] and Wty juinfiil t')mil»'n of tbr hnrt, migfat b« trncrd in th« 
owntenxace* of tUo Jews ; but smuo): the ftfabooteCann tlirrr were do 
rifiiblv r«l«BtiBgs of lioRionky. Tlii^ jtluun. af all Meta and ipr*, n-Iio 
«n>w<jt^(l tbe «tT««U, rent tbe ait n-itU tbcir dUcorduit rrj«tc!n|pi. 
" Stic coines ! " tWr cried ; " she c<>ines, irbo ihc name of 
the rnq>lirt. I<v< orr die fbi ber iinpitHy ! " 

From llic pn»nn to tbfr Soco, tht^ cra-vda CT^rr minute ati^mrnM-d, 
tbmigb the M|uar« forniMl Ut tbe troop* preretitt-d tlicir )"rii<'trutii% lu 
tbeacalTnlJ. Errr^f allev and boe WKi crumit-il. uiid :imiil tbe in«ist 
t^trenie cunfusion Iho cxveutionor nrrived witb Sol ut tbe iipixiintrd 
' •[Mt. Tbe |i«o rvfum to diMcrlbe tbe iticideDts uf tbe (tvr »iicc<.-vd)>it; 
moments. Qvmv f«w, ewa amoagst tlie Moan, witv moved, nut) wvpt 
freeljr aad bitterly. Thi>i!itu;ntiaDpr f unabMlfaed liis sharp scimetar, 
unJ M Iiirlcd it twice at tbrice iu tbe air, an a ti^aul fvr ailimcf, vrbon 
the Uproar of the Altfotawas haidicd. Tbe beautiful Sol wax tben 
dtrectvd to kne«l down,— at wliicb nimn«ut sli« be^gvd for h litllu 
»-u(vf tv »»b bur iiunds. It vrus ituinL-dialvly broucht, it-Lcn iiltc prr- 
fvnn«d tt>« abliilton ru|uir<:d by the Jirn-iiih c»»ttii» bcfiiv ett);ngiiit' ia 
liniyer. Tbe «pt>cIalon witc anxiuiuly observant of M ide aciitma »f 
tba victim. Ltnioc her eyea tu b«ar«n, aiid amid inauy tenn, >lio 
recited the Svnii- (the prayer «lTcm) by tbuM of her imtion bvfwrc 
ilcnlb), and lliiMi. tmnuift to tlie exc-cutiouora, " 1 hare liiiiilied." 
wild tlie, " di^fMMt.- of my life •" ani, lisiii); her gue npaa tbe eiutb, 
ohe kniflc to receive tbe fatal iimke. 

Tb«»cenc b:ul by tbis time bfji;uu to chaneo ita aspect. The vaat 
niiWDurse of [)eu|>li', (M.x-i;ig Sid'* iiiwlc geoUeiimi. could not but be 
moved; man* ive|it, uud ull felt a degTM of compasaiuii fur Ii<.t fule. 
Tliv k-Ai^:utioncf> tbi!u, sciciii;; tbe uruiii of Uii: rictim, ntiil tivi>tiii|; 
tbetn bvbitid her back, butinil them with n rotip, aud irhirliii^; bia 
ssvurd ill thv air, Uid hold of tbe 1od|; b^iir uf Sul's bvud, mid mniudi-d 
ber klitfblly) an be bad bevn cotuinanded, yet ko thul tbv blvoJ llowrd 
JnMaDtly froxa the wooud, dftni; lier brcatt and trarmcnts. 

"Tber*i8 yet time," unid they to ber; " be coiivt-tted, your life may 
yet br Miarrd," 

Bat Sot. tutniOK her face to tbe cruel executiooer, replied — 

" Kiay mc, and let me itot linj^cr in tny taflering* : dying innocently, 
aa 1 do, tlie God of Abrabiim will judgo my cnuse." 

Tbew were ber but wordsi at Uie cloac of tbem the acimctar du- 
mciuImI ujMin ber fuir neek, and the coiimgeoua muiden n-iu no more. 

Tba Jews hiuJ pnid mj. Alvxra to delirer to tbem the corpse »illi tbp 
blood-stained eartli oo >«hicb it lay, immcdiatelv after tbe esecution of 
tlie meuieiice. This trait aco»rdiii);Iv' done, aiid tb« reniniim, wTiip]ied 
in a tine linen cloth, were de)>oa)ted in a drop tepulcbre of the Je»iab 
cemetery by tbe tide of tboae of a learned and honoured suge of the 
Uw of Jiliwes. Amidiit teani and >ighs whs tlie Ilebreiv mnriyr hiiried. 
Even aome of the Aloors followed her, mourning to her grare. niid 
tttU viait ber tomb, and venerate her rvating- place as tbut uf a Hue 
and f4ithful marlyr tu the oerd abe held. 

* Thfl Auifor^ a Mit uf liooded tdnak. li wont in Attic* liy the Jayit ■■ «rll «• 
I AO Huoriili Ufniliiaii am perfofnml triili a iwuml. 



If the child be mdeed the falh«r to tlie man (u Mino sage has eomA- 
whcre rcinarlc«d), what n vrrv (iu««r little jia,pa to hiin»i:lf muU Bab 
SinitlifOii liaYc been ! To suppose that he ever cried and puled, fed on 
pQ)), and went throufth the varioua iiitoresting periods of ihort-<«ntJng, 
weaning, find tcvthiii^, dcmnnd* tui exercUe of filth ii) the immulubiiity 
of Nfllun'it lawB, alnioat larger than we can command. Bob Smithson 
in long-clolhes .' — Bob Smithson with a rattle! — Boh Smithion malcing 
frantic tittrmpl* to •wallow hiii own fitt t — hah ! th<! ii)t« li too aWurd. 
We have known Bob these seven yean, and h« hn< never clinnj[cd one 
whit. He »ay« ho is nine-and- twenty. hut wfi should bcltevo liim jurt lu 
well if he iiuid iiiHy hundred and twenty ; it it inipoBsihl* to concoive «q 
itcreotyped an animal ever having been younj;cr, or ever growing older. 
But the rtndor doe* ncA know him, and lo vtt will try to describe him. 

Robert Smithson, Fi^q., mny bo dcsicrit>od in three way«— motally, 
nuiilnlty, niid physically, — and in each of tlitw fha'" ^^ his indivi- 
duality h* may be aaid to be djstinguiehed by " slo'ivneas." Thus he bat 
a strong tendency to teo-mcelings and the Oerninn flute play«d by ear J 
he teadi Wordsworth and Akenaide, RiclianJinin find Mrs. Chapon«, 
Otiguld Stewart, and Loeke "On the Human Understanding."' — a tliong 
do»e of ihe Intter etupifying him ns efrcoiuiiny a* a sniff of chloroform ; 
and Ite is fond of walking in Kenfiington Gardens, and up PKmroKe HiU 
in winter, fondly bcltaving that sloppy grAvcl it more healthy than dry 

In penon he i> long, lean, undy-haired, and inclininu; to tli« cada- 
veious. You can't divest younelT of the impreii»ion that hiti eyca have 
been boiled, and the colour wiuhod out of Iti* MrELgglinf; whiskers ; while 
liu mouth, instead of bcin)[chiidled (ai fattiiionahlo novrliKts are to fond 
~^ saying), mutt have been cut with a carving-knife, when Dame Nature 
id nothing more appropnate at bund, wherewith to complete that nccev- 
sary feature. Hisleffsere decidedly odd ; we don't mean " funny." but that 
they linve no sort of natural liniuitude to one another, and don't aetni to 
he on good tonni— the right one invariably turns in its Ioce., but i* on tlio 
whole, s quiel well-behaved leg ; nhile the left, on the contrary, lias a 
habit of Bwingirg about, as if it were tryiiig to get away from the body, 
and — in fact, our iniprmion U Ihait Bob Smithson's left leg givu biiD ■ 
great deal of trouble. 

Ooli i« a surgeon, at least he says so ; and wo believe that the Apotfae- 
cuiies llnll <Ud really crant him a licence to practlite ; but aa nobody liu 
ever asked him even for u black draught, the civility of the Apothecoriea 
Company has been entirely wasted. It is recoided that ho anrc pui- 
thascd pmctice, and a slock in trade in tome extraordinary nvighboui- 
bood between Camden Town and the IliKligute Archway (we can give 
no more accurate descriplton of tlie locality, as, thank IVovidence, wc 
iMTcr venture mta those legieiii) ; but, aftor one week's atrict stlention 
to baiiDCM, Bob found liimKetf only the rielier by two penny piiwEa, and 
a bad (bui|ienDy ditto tn exchange for a piece of stick ing-plii*lrr, sonin 
hair oil, and a bliittr. Bob pronounced the whola altair a " swindle," for 
which deraniRlion of dmmctcr he bad to pay ten poiuidc damagn j hut 




hi baa never venturcd into the rvd bottle and lump line Einoc. cfrntcotiii^ 
hjmaairwtih a brass plate anneuocitig tlint he U a surceon, and a— aheui ! 
Bob hail ft wcnknrM — who ha« not ? Wha cMilay his hand on lui 
heart, and tav that he is exempt from sama little tattc or propensity not 
•tiietly SAnrtioned by reason or morality! My friend the Iteverend 
Thitodora Brick, of St. Apollodonttt ii a gooJ nnd virluouii man ; but Iiir 
Vest Triends admit ttiat if lli« Itererviid Theodore took on ocrasional 
bottle of port th« leB8, his divinity would be as sound (and his liver 
alu), while hid complexion would to iiiora imprvvcd in the nntial icgioiis 
than by any halt^ozen bnttlea of Oowland'a Lotion, or Rowland's Kaly- 
dor. Hy friend C&ptnin J«nkyns, of the 18th Light llragoons, though 
■a good-natured a fi-llow na evn Ijscked a bill n»d a friend nl Ihv sauii.' 
time, and ns fjallant a soldier as ever stomied a breach, is a little too fond 
of thoartittic prodkifiion* of wcxt-cnd tnilorii, bootnuikcrc, iic, — rnthor 
too great an admiKr of his «>«n elegaiictis of person, as disjda^cd under 
the combined inventions of those benevolent tradesmen. The character 
of John Rultionduit, R%c\., of Anut-1 Court and Hyde Park Qtrdenn. is 
bnpraachable on 'Clianj,-^ untarnihlied in the weat ; but Mr. Builion- 
diut would be equally respected and honoured if i/rt. Uuiliondust were 
awn rather oftener in hii company, and his viuti to that iitik iijou of a 
cottage on the HaTnni«r»Riith Itoad (with the green btinds, and the 
conscrTBlory, the Hlcnheim S]>unicli and tiie neat Dionghnin) vreie 
rather fewer and farther betwten. And so it is with liie whole world 
— each man ha* lii« hobby-horw, «o Sttniu told u> long »incc, and each 
tnsa has his weakncHn. Bob Sniitbson's weakness niu an inteiue desire 
for OH athmture. 

A nan who tonfinos his peregrinations within the limits of Kcnsinston 
Gardens and Primruxe Hill, is not very likely to meet with mauy excitinf; 
adventure*, unlvsi he tcrini caiitivatii)^ a nurserymaid, or being Ultcii In 
tli« leg by an old maid's pet do(>, '* un ndvcnturf." Indeed it mny be 
douUed whetluT poor Boh'f m«t desire for nn exciting event in iii» life 
would ever liavu b«en (tratificd, but for two accidents, — ^he had an enemy 
— and he went to I'arii. 

His eneniy was Ute man who had mo»t injiinil tiini, as enemies gene- 
rally are : for it ii astonishing how pcrtinaciouely you hate the man you 
httot injured. Oi course, good reader, you and ourselves never injured 
any od». Wo con lay our hands on our waistcoats and aay ihal with 
eleftr oonsciencei. can w« not ? But oil men are not lo viituous, alan I 
■od with timl ii);h \fv ninove our hands from our waistcoat, shake our 
hMd. and fp on mih our story. Bob Smitlison's enemy was a curtain 
Hr. Brown, who had told Bob the ini practicable proelicc oforetiiid, aud 
tnnde him pay the ten pounds datnacta, for calling the transaction a 
" swindle. " The v imticlivu Itrown had been liesrd lo utter dire threats 
of jKinehing lk»b'» head on the curliett !t|) port unity ; und Bob really 
bctkved Hut Brown meant lo do it, not bearing; in mind, that gvntic- 
nen wbo threaten to do these valorous d«eds " on the firvt opportu- 
nity," always take excelleut eare that tliO opportunity nvvcr shtiU 
airiva. — thereby prcaerving their consistency, and their reputation for 
valcnir together. One thing \% curtain, two years had paatad, during 
whieh ttnie Bob hod never been assaulted by Brown, thouf^ the two 
gCDtlemen had frequently njct foco to fitce. " Let nw calch him atwK> 
that 'a all," said Brown. 

We have said lluil Bob Sinithson deli(;lil»i in the gaidana of Kenning- 


ton and the hill of Primrose ; and yeK Bob actDiI]y went to Paris two 
months ago 1 It is true that be was sent there va a qiedal message by 
his father, a country solicitor, and entreated by his mother to undertake 
the errand as a means of expanding his mind by foreign travel. 

Early on the morning of the 1st of December, 1851, Bob Smithson 
started by spedal tniin from London Biidge, and late in the evening of 
the same day he was depodled, «-ith bag and baggage, at the Paris ter- 
minus of the Chemin de Fer du N'onL He sent to Meurice's Hotel, or- 
dered a beefsteak and some porter for his supper (as a light and ^aily 
digested one, no doubt), and turned into bed, where he dieunt all night of 
luiUvays, steamers, seasickness, ihuaniert, Konnandy fish-women, and 
jjassports. Next morning when he got up. he heard that a kind of revolu- 
tion on a small scale, termed a coit/> tfe/a/, had already taken place in Paris 
tliat very morning. Even Bob, however, was not mudi astonished, because 
he had been accustomed to consider such thii^ one of the inevitable 
weetily or monthly Parisian enteit^nments ; and as the waiter smiled as 
hi> told him, and asked him whether he would take his coffee au lail or 
nuif m the same breath. Bob naturally thought Httle about the matter. 

We sallied Ibrth, and first executed his father's commands, which were 
soon complied with, and then he roamed about to see the lions. He was 
pU7^1ed at seeing no cabs, omnibus, or other vdiiclea about the streets, 
niid inquired the cause in the best French he could command, which was, 
porhups, the worst ever heard out of an English boarding-schooL 

" /"/d Caffiche," was the gruff reply of a moustadied blouse, as 
ho pointed to a "poster," which Bob scanned, and by help of his 
pocket-dictionary made out, that " the circulation of cabs, &c., is de- 
iendcd — " a pieco of intelligence which added very little to his stock of 
He got through the day somehow, though he found Paris the dullest 
place in the world, as was natur^ to a man who fancied he could speak 
the loiiguuge but could not, and who found himself in the brilliant capital 
when the circulation of cabs was forbidden. 

Next day came I — Again Bob Smithson walked forth jauntily, his lefl 
leg exhibiting more than its usual symptoms of hveliness, and his lank 
sandy hair more carefully brushed and smoothed than on ordinary occa- 
sions ; for Bob had discovered that the Parisians were smart feQows. 

Decidedly there was an air of mischief about the place to-day — people 
hurrying to and fro ; Miyem <ie mile interrupting all street conversations, 
with their " move on ;" troops of cavalry pasung at a trot ; re^ments of 
infantry marching by and looking bo diabolically wicked, as French troops 
who have served in Algeria can alone look; shop-keepeis standing at 
their doors with puzzled and doubtful looks ; groups of heads at the ea/i 
windows : and no one with a perfect air of ease and satisfaction about 
him. Dob was not experienced in the physiology of Paiiaian lifei or he 
would have read in all these symptoms, as easily as in print, the signiB- 
cant word " Barricades." 

Which way Bob roamed it is impossible for us to tell, seeing that we 
have nothing to guide us in this little history but his own information, 
which is decidedly scanty as to locality. Suddenly, however, he came 
to a street, which, as he thought, was under repair, seeing that the 
stones were up at one end, and piled as he had seen them almost every 
month in Fleet Street, which is a street ofHicted with a chronic com- 
plaint in the internal regions, A few heads were visible above thi> 



fllmei, Had u Bob drew nearer h« tav ihal ihe otmen of the heads 
eairi«d muskcu tnilead of pickaxe«. This was iiupicious; and Boir 
p«uitd to coRsiilei wimt il couM mean, Utl hti rcrorio vrtM intomiptwl 
b/ tb« OMSt »traoTd'in>irily tudden *'whi£El'' clo«e to hu cv. He 
iUited, u he taw at the lame monwnt a liltl« hate perforaU^ in tho 
wbU by hit Bide, and guMsed that hn bad been ihot at. Ho fell flat on 
tiia &c»— not dead, but— deeply intent on llie 6nt htw of human naturet 
BBtf 'ij r im TBtioB. He crept alonK on his stomadi to th« berricodo belbre 
htm (Ibr auch indeed !t was), and ho ]aj boaide it ; but glancing cnii- 
ticMuly round, )ic tuvr tliu Hue coati and crimson cotitiniiations of an 
infantry ngiiiient advancing on his side uf tlic street fortification. 

Who ihall p«unl his horror t How the cold ponpntion ran down liia 
tinky checki, and tcttlod on liia wuh«d-oiit wliisken I How atill was 
the oaee lively left leg I How loudly thumped iha poor fellow's h«art, 
and liow atidilly chattcnd hia teeth ! 

Tlicrc woi but one chance for him ; already had a rolley been fired at 
the hBrTi<!ad«, but fortunately over hi* hend. The atonoa had been hur- 
redly iJirown up^ and bore and thoni wa« a coniiidemble apace between 
them. Could he creep or burrow hia way, »o as to f^t actually in«idu 
Ike barricade 1 Carefully he puilcd away one of the big gtone^ ititl 
lying on hi* utomacli ; and down tumbled a Ini^^r one^ filling up ita 
ploee. Rornble ! Well, one more trial ; yonder is a Itkcly apot ; by 
alow defcreea it is nained : a ttono is pushed utde — his head is tlmist bi 
—his nwk — hi« arm* — liis body — liis legs. 

So far aafe, lliatik Bwi I But now is the don^ of llie atones abovo 
lolUc^ down and cniihing him. The firing is going on bolter than erer. 
Deubtlesa the barrieade vriU In- soon atormM and carried by the itfldlciy. 
Tbey will charge K and march over it, and tmaili tlie wretched Bob 
KtntUison beneath it. 

What "s that I An atm i« tlirwi through a,n aperture near him on the 
opposite tide flrom wliidi he entered. Merey on him I they are going to 
drag him out t Dob utters a horrible slirielc, which ia drowned in n 
Toll^ of musketry ! 

The arm ia followed 1>y a bead, the head by a body, and itob hears a 
groan. Can il be a wounded man aeetdng a liiding-plaee 7 Bob hopes 
«o, and h« icets relicTod. The new-comer is iliaking awfully ; but Bob 
•eaa no blood, and hears no groan like that of pain, thou^i many a one 
wUeh ape^ke of dire terror. The two rofu^s are cliMuIy pocked t»- 
getbor, and they apeak not, nor move, save with involuntary trembling, 

Miliether moments, minutes, or houn thus passed, who can tell f To 
Bob it eeemed like a^ea, though, probably, some quarter of on hour was 
about the n»l spooe of time that elapsed ere the barricade «raa deserted 
by iti defixiden, and then garriaoned by iU captors, the infantry t*fore 

Now came the important <iiKttiofl, wlut voi to be done ? To cmeisc 
or to rest there Hearen knows how long T It iraa toon answered by the 
•oldiers tearing down the ttonca to destroy the barricade. A dc«p groan 
from Bob and his fellow refugee caught tlveir ear*, and they dragged them 
out in cloae embrace by the heeb. Another moment and the " mi 
quarter" noticv might hnro been complied with, but Bob shrieked out, 

"I am on ErigU«hinan '" and full on his knees. 

" So am I I *■ cried his fompeffmn de harrieaJe. " Ncrcy t morey ! " 

"Hm aoldiers laughed outright. 

]fi2 LIBERTY. 

" Que Meitieun lei At^it tont bravea ! " said they ; reading the trae 
hutory of the affair with a Frenchman's quicknesfl of perception. " It 
would be a |nty to depriye Albion of such brave defenden. May she have 
many Buch ! Qentlemen, you shall not be shot," said a lout'Offieier. 

Never felt human beings keener joy than Bob and his companion 
experienced at that moment. They thanked their captors in villanouB 
French, and then threw themselves into each other's arms. 

But what makes them Btart and stare ? Whence that amazement 
and momentary flush of indignation I No matter ; the last is soon over, 
and Bob Smithson and his " enemy," Brown, shake hands beside the 

" In such moments," said Brown, who was getting magnanimous after 
his escape, " all old enmities should be buried." 

" As we were," rejoined Bob, "only for ever ! " 

We have just heard that Bob Smithson is preparing a little book for 
publication, entitled " Scenes from the late coup d'etat ; or. Life among 
the Barricades. By an Eye-witness." 

We wish it every success. 


{Fnm the Italian of G, BaHiila CaUna.) 

A BBiaHT caoaiy in g«y plumei arra^, 

Wa* Tondljr cherished bj a gentle mpid. 

And irith (weet warbling tones her carei rep'iid. 

One mom, ft 'scaped her {ottering hand, and flew 
To where, ia verdant grove, a laurel grew, — 
And k wild aODg of triumph round it threw. 

When, wonnded by » gportuman't h>nd, it fell — 

That lay of libertv its fnneral knell— 

While King and life'i blood from iti bosom well I 

Be railed the bird, r^retful, m it died ; 
•> Behold thy liberty'i ud dou I " he cried ; 
•• How oft to mona]! doth it thui betide I 

And be who ipumi mild rule, with rebel strife. 
Pays for axccH of liberty, with life ! " 





Dffitmirr 7ii, |8 — . — 1 have Just been one week in Rome, ond hovo 
dclemuM^d to k«ep b j«amaJ. Most mtn in my «luation would )>rrvcci;>l 
to DXnriile xitch ■ rewluti«n u thid, l)y wriling nbout the nnti:|uiti«« of 
ihe " Eternal City :" I Nball d» nothing: of ii\a wrt ; I xliull write about 
a much more inlerwtirg fubject— myself. 

I may l>e vrraag, but tny imprcmioti ix that, aa an Hiitoricnl PninCer, 
my biogTHptiy will be wrilteii iionie of theao days: pcnonai jiaTticulani of 
m« vril) then be wftitt^. ) ti&vt ^^al fnilh in the atT^ctionato remi^mbranc« 
of Bny surviving fricn^Ja I muy loave Iwhind nic ; but, upon the whole, E 
would rather provide these particulars mytelf. My future liiograpliHr 
shall hare P. P. sketch^ by P. P. I paint my own pictiuva ; why should 
I MDt paint my own chanicl«r? Thi; coinTneiKcmont of n nowjoumsl 
oflien the opportunity of doing thi^^let me take it ! 

I waa deotined to b« an artist from my cradle ; my fatlicr wa« a g;reat 
WDDOitMur, and a great culleitor of pictures i he christened m«"Per<i- 
gino," after the name of his favourite master, left m« fire hundred a-yenr, 
BodtoM mo tvilh hill lort breath to be Potts, U.A., or pi^mli in the attempt 
I dcttrauned to obey him ; but, ihougli 1 have liiiherto signally ftiilcd in 
beeoming bd R.A., 1 have not the slightest intention even of sn much ai 
Atytaniiw to perish, in compliance n'ith the nlUrnativc (uggp«ted to m« 
by my Tate Uinunlcd pttient. Let the Royal Academy perish finti I 
meao to exi>t for the express purpoie of tettifyiDg agninst that miaenUpIy 
mawMd inttitution as long as I posmhiy can. 

Thn may be thov^t strong huiguogoi I will justify it by fiuta. For 
•even y«an I have vainly (oujiht a place at the annual cxhibitian — for 
MT«o y«aun has modut gonlu* knocked for admission at the door of the 
Boyal Acadeniy, and invoriahly the answer of the Royal Acadeniiciana 
hu been, "not at home !" The first year I painted, " the Smotharinz 
of th* I'rinc^* in the Tower," mmculnr murdcnr*. flabby cliildren, florid 
cotoiiring ; quite in the Rubeiu' style — turned out I The secanil year I 
tried tlw devotional and severe, " the Wise and Foolish Virgins ;" ten 
angular women, in impoaiiblo attlttidc^i, with a laudumpe backijround, 
painteil from the anti -perspective point of view — turned out I The ibird 
year I cliang^ to the icnlnn^ntal and pathetic ; it was Sterne's "ilBria," 
ihi* time, with her ggnt ; Maria was crying, the goAt W4i« crying, Sterna 
himoelf (In tlic background) was crying, with lii& face buried in a whito 
cambrie packet- hondkerehiof, wet through with tears— turned out T Tho 
feiurtb year I f«ll back an the domestic and fnmititir : a young Houae- 
tnaid in the kitchen, ptiBhting her troth, at midnight, to a private in tlie 
Grenadier GuiirdB, whilo the policeman of the noighbourhocdi a prey to 
jealousy and despair, ftaahed )us " Uill'i-cyc" on tbcin lliroi^h the win- 
dow, (ram Uie ore* railini^B above, — ^turned out ! The fifth year I gavo 
up figuros, and thrtw my whole soul into IfindBcnpe,^-clBwi<al Itndieape. 
I cent iu a pidun; of tha'e rutiicd cnlumni, five f^ne-trees, a Inkc, a 
temple, diitnnt mountains, and a gorgeous sun-aet, the whole enlirened 



by a iatitxt of nymphs in ltani»n tojfos, in front of the niiiKK] coliuniia 
to b« i«l4 forUi«ludicrouiil}-i>mallpri«torfif\y guinnat — ^tumod out ! Tlw 
HXth yrtu, I rw}|vej to turn nieTccnu^ in self-defence : Kiid, sbandoning 
high art. to laics to portraiturp. I produced a" portrait of a lady" (tho was 
a [)t(trusuoTiAl modi?), wli» snt nt a Rhilling on liour— but no matter) ,- 1 
dvpicli-d Iter captivalingly clothed in wliite saliii, and griiiniitg serenely ; 
in the backfiround apppured a red curtain, fjorseously bound books on a 
round tabic, and thnndM-itomi cloudu — turned out! Ttm scTenlh year 
t hiiiitbly resigned niyaclf to circuiiutanc«e, and sank at once to " rtiil 
Ufe," represented on the tmalleat posKible scale. A modest eanvai, nx 
ineb«a long by f)ur inchca brond, containing (Inking liluttosaei of a 
pot of iiorter, a pipi-, and a plate of bread and clicesc, and touchiuf^ly 
enltlled, "the Labourer's best Friends," was my laat modest afi«rii%; 
and ibis^Ktrcn tbi»I the jioor ai-titt'* one lilll« cvrc-lamb of a pwtuiv, 
was— tunicil out 1 The eighth year was the ycair when I started in 
di«^i*t to seek nobler fields for pictorial nmbitioii in the re^ont of Italian 
Art! Tlie eighth year luu brought me to Ronie-~'hen! I amt — I, P«< 
rugino Potts ! vowed lo fjappio with Itaphael and Michavl An^ttlo uii 
ttieir own ground ! Grand id<:<n I 

Pcnonally (wlicn I have my liigh-heeltd bnot* on) I atand ftve feei, 
three inclioa high. Let mc at once Bcknovrlcdfc^ — for I have no conceal* 
mpnts from posterity — tliat I am, outwardly, wliat i« l^mied a littl« nian. 
I IwTc not}i!i)g great about me but niy niii«lacli!oa anil my iTitellrct ; I 
am of thelighKomplextoned order of hondranic fellows, and have liitiierta 
dbcovattd nothing thai I can forsrimtioualy blame in my t«n)per and 
general dispoiKioii. Ttw fire uf aitisttc ambition tliat bums within mo, 
shoots upward witli a limibcnt glow — in a wxird. I am a good>lmmouic>d 
man of Renius. Tliis is much to say, but I could add yet took ; w«re t 
not unhappily xvriiing with an Italian f«n on Italian ps{ict': the iien 
splutlen inTcterately ; tlie toper absorbs my nater>' ink like a bloiling* 
book — human patifnec can ttand it no longer : I give up for the day, in 
despair t 

Stii. — Intended to proceed with my interaiting autobiogripliical partj- 
culars, but was cuddcnly itappod at the very outset by an idea for a new 
picture. Subk'Cl : — I1iu primitive Father Polycarp, writing his Kpistlts; 
to ba treated m the sublime style of Michael An^loV Prophets, on tha 
ceiling of the 8istin« Chapel. I'olycnrp to bo several sizes larger than I 
lilV, ond well developed atioul the beard and niiuflcf; 

9///.' — Made inquirica Ibr a good model, and found tlie very man 1 
wanted. When 1 enlertd his bumble abode, ho was preparing his break- 
fast i the nicol was characterii(.-d by n primitive liinplicity and a strong 
smell. He first pulled out his itilelto knifo, and f ut nff a large ctuM oTi 
brMd : the outside of tbis crust ho rubbed with cartie till it slione like a 
walnut-vrood tabic in an Engliih funn-houic; tho insido ha saturated 
with oil and vinegar. By the time he had done thai, (he wltol« enist 
looked like a cold poultice in a polished calf-leatlier saucer. He ate IhSs 
TCtnarkablc compound with roiadous enjoyment, while 1 looked at him. 
I iinind him rather a difficult man to minrntc in a physiognomical potnl 
of view ; nothing was to be seen of hii face but two gog^u i-'ycs and a 
luMk nose, peering out of a forest of hair— eurJi hair ! just the iron-grey 
•art of thing I want4^. iHKh a b««rd ! the most devotional I aver saw. 
J engaged him on the s^iot, and jocosely christened him tv>lycur]) tlte ' 
'feraod, in alluuon to the cbanwler lie was to rcpreaent an my canraa. 



I DM. — IVlycarp the Second eamo to sit : ho was polit«, tatkatiw. and 
itpparontly Mmcvrlmt infoted hy fluu. I had on cxpIanAlJon ifith }iiin 
Hi the tut- mentioned of his personal charactefisticg. He aAserled eon' 
Dglyi that tlic Hvai were doI Ukt-ly to Icare Aim to go to aie — ihey 
tically \'Te(tmd Italian to Knj^liali piuturngc Trusting h« was 

,!il, I changed the suhicct and. nskod about hU history. Hia answer 

adti to show tint he hiul hoen ill-iued and initiuiidcnlood by even*- 

dy froni hi* very cmdle. His falh<T, hii mother, hii n-lutian^, the 

watt^ the police, the hieh popukce and tho low populace, tlirouglmut 
evrry dvgnt — Uiey bad all inolueaieii, persecuted, rulBcly accuKd, irnd trn- 
Kl«ntinjily punued Polycorp the Second. He attributed this niiiomble 

ttl* of things partly to the invindble pirty nnd honesty of his clioravteri 
ihidi, o( couric, rxpoied him to the iiiitlice of tlie world ; and partly to 
kU ttronfi and disinterested altai::lim«nt to th« Kn;{lish nation, ivhich 
lowctwd him in the eyoi ot hii prejudiced countrynif n. JIo wept as he 
nid tlii»— hix beard became a disconiolsto besH with Dio tears that 
trickled down it. Kxcellent-lioatted Polyoarp [ 1 syotpathiie with hiin 
already in spit« of the flea*. 

I irk. — Another nitling fioni my worthy model. The coloisal Ggan 
m, by this liniv (so rapid a workutan am I) entirely sketched in. My 
physical exertion* nru irenicndous. Mycnnvw it ^urleen fctt high; 
and Polycarp reaches from top to bottom. 1 can only puniue tny labour 
by tneeoantly netting up and down a puir of Hlet-a ; by condemning my- 
■clT iKroically to a sort «f pictorial treadmill. Already, however, I iiure 
tasted the conipentaling )w«Gti of tiiumph. My model ia in raptures 
with my detij^n — he was bo profoundly atlt'ctcd that he cried over it, just 
as he cned oTer his own history. What taslo these Italians naturally 
poetetil Whatimprenibility ! What uiituuglitiiyiii]itttliii.'e with genius ! 
How dclightruUy different tlieir diapoaition from the maltir-df-fiict Kncliah 
character! How ftolid ii a British Royal Academician, compared to 
Polytarp the Second I 

I iti. — Mod«l agsin. Crying again. Previous history ngun. Bsp- 
tujes again. I wish he would not smell quite so strong of garlic At 
present be rcpeU my nose as powerfully na he attracts my heart. Sent 
hini on an errand) to buy me bunp-black and {fakc-vrblte : I inciui to lay 
it on rather thick witeii 1 come to Polycarp's beard. Gave him th« 
mooey to pay for the paint — atiout four]M'nee Rngtish. The honest 
creature showed liimself worthy of my conifidene^ by bringing tnv back 
one halfpenny of change with the colours. Poor Polycarp '. Poor per. 
s««ui«d, leal alkeep I the malieious world has sin^ the wool otT your 
innoeent bnck : be it mtno to toe it grow again under tlie Brittdi artist's 
fostering care ' 

l3tA, Uti, liri, I6ri. — Too much occupied to make regular entriea io 
my journal. 1 must have been up and down ccveml Riilci of trtcpH, 
during my four dayk' labour on my fourteen feet of canvas. The qiian* 
lily of lainl I am ubliced to use la to enormous that it quite overpowers 
all I'olycarp's garlic, and will, I iinagiue, in process of time poison all 
Polycarp's fleas. I feci fatigued, especially in the calves of my legs ; but 
with such a deugn as 1 sm producing, to cheer me on : and willi such a 
model as I have got> to appreciate my genius and run my crrandsi, fatiitue 
itself Icconwii nn mjoymoiit. Physicully oi well a» intellectually, I feel 
the Samson of High Art I 

ijtk. Horror I humiliation! discnthanlioent ! despair 1 — Polycarp 



tba Second n olf willi my watch, chain, and purM containing Roman 
money to lli« nmoiuitof dxc pound* Eiiglith. I Tcel Uic niosl forlont, 
deluded, noUeraWe a*s und«r the canopy of }lii«ven 1 I have been tJio 
dupe of a hypocrilical, whimpning tcouitdn;! ! The tcail of hi* gmrlic 
Mill iloBlt nggrnvntiiigly on the atinatfiliVTV of my atudio, OutmRing my 
now and ray ftelings both together. But I can write no more on thi» diKK»- 
tn>u8 day ; 1 must (il1ic<r go mitd, or go to dinner immedialdy. Let ino 
embnirc tlic liiltor ollt-niativt, wbili; tl is sliU witliiii my powtr. Away ! 
Rway to iomuX myself in tlie nwiional Itoman dish of kid'« flc*h and pis- 
tachio nulsf 

I6M. — Thu iiatioiiid Roinaii diiili has diaagreed with me : I tit bilious 
before my fourtetn canvas feet of thickly-painted but itill unlintih«d 
PoIycBTp. Tliis is nil opportiuiity for tfidiing in a proper ipirit of lamen* 
tation tW liiatuiy uf my divccuifiLuR. Il hnpjiencd thus:— Powerfully 
u my leg* are made, thoy cave way uiidcr mc on the inomiiig of the 
17th, afier I liad bwn throo liouis eiif,'nf!ed in inceamntly getting up the 
.■l«pa to put \tidn ou PoIy*arp's bflard, and incessantly jetting down 
igoiti to go to the other vna of the room and look ut the dfuct of them. 
told my perlidious model that he might taki! a rt^tt, and Ret him the 
cxamplo by taking a n:«t mytvlC Ovtrpowerud by wesrlneu, and th« 
siun: O'f ideas, I fell aitleep— unaccountably and barbarously fell aoWqp 
my chair — before my own picture. Tht^ ioil-wom Itritiih artist iniio. 
ently repoacd ; and the whimpering Italinn scoundrvl took advantog* of 
' I NUinben '. The bcardt-'JI villain must have coolly toieii my ohab «fr 
r ueck, my watch out of my waitteoal, my jmnt omL of my pocket> 
fiile 1 was asleep. When I awoke it was dusk : I yawned loudly — 
no notice taken of it ; I called out more loudly — no answer : I ulruo: a 
light— no chain, no watt^h, no purse, no Polycnrp. After a nioment of 
bewildcrmnnt mid horror, I rushed to the tnutor's dwelling. The peOfJe 
of the hoa'« knew nothing about him. except thai he was not at Dome< 
I proclaimed my wrong* furioualy to tin: rest of the lodgen. Anolhef 
keardi-H man among tliem thicatened me witli assasunation if T did not 
f fanniediatvly hold my tongue : 1 bold it. The bearded man's mother 
' Teeomm ended me to go home (ominously twinging a saucepan full of 
dirty nat«r towards me, while she (poke) : 1 took lier advice. Wh<-n I 
am in a den of thieves ] do not find the courageous part vf my chanicter 
quite NO fully developed lut L cniild wish. 

lOfA. — Sot^ht TcdK'bs and reHtitutionfroni the P<>1icc. Theyappcarod 

^to consider my uppticatiun first as a joke, and then as an insult. Could 

they not catch Pulymrp the Second ? (I nnkid.) — Yes ; they mixiit poa- 

■ibly c»tch him in proci^M of tinie. Then, why not tut about his ciiptui« 

1st once? — in thefsen-d numo of Justice, why noti Uecatise it wm of 

tlia luc ; he miiil have told llie watch and rhain, and spent tlie moUvy 

I by this time. iJeiidev, suppose him caua;ht, it would be inconvenient to 

punifli liini, for tlie prisons wuic all full — tii«re was no ruum fur him 

onywlicn-. I was an Bngli»hman, theri^fare rich, and thi-rrfere able U> 

, put up with my lost. Surely I liad belter go away, and not make a fuia 

3,1 the buaineas in had Italian. Siiade of Brutus I can this he Itoman 

' jnstiee? 

iO/A. — A visit from a brother artist — a German who chirps hit na- 
tional songs ell day ; pnintt in the Mvei» stylo ; and lives on an income 
of forty pounds u year. Tliii e*tecf:icd fellow •labourer gave me some 
Ifin, on htaring of my disaster. He aaeurad me that I should gut no 

Hit. rP.ftRU01N0 POTTS. 


•iftanee from the police vrilhout bribinc; thetn hnndtomely to do their 
|w«Tk. Suppocing viry irally ti>i>k iJccimvc Bta^px, afiitr thnt; it was 
'iriDR thna pnbaUe Uiat Polycnrp, urtoini) of liit fnrii<l«, ivoulil put mc 
I wt of th«ir way in the niRttt, ly stickiiij; bd inch or two of sliletto into my 
riLa. 1 liod bolter not movi; In the aiultcr, if 1 Taltied either my poclc«t 
|iw »y life. •■ Tim," twl the nernian aludrnt, lighting lii« pipi-, " tliii, 
Angtu-SoxoD brother, is not thy rMherbml. At Rotho, tlic mind- 
^■nd -body coin fort inj; virtue* they practise not — they grant no juilice, and 
tbey quslTno beer." 

iltt. — After mature conBid*ration. arrived at the eonclntion that I 

lisd b«tt«t leave Romv. To go on with itiy pictiiic, aftct vrhul hua lup- 

ii im[)Oinbl& The train of thought in whii^h it originated, ia 

ktolten up for ever. Moreover, envious l>llow-studc'nl» ara alrrady 

flwi^intiing to make m joke of my ilivaiitcr ; and, tor tiiigdt I know to tho 

f«onirsry, Polycarp the Second may be lying in wait for my life, every 

ht, at the comer of tho sircot. Punuod hyri>ilicul«,and threatened by 

ttioiitian, no courve is left inv but illgiiiried reitvnt. Ronie, brcwell I 

^Konant I one more nutHter ipiiit that dwelt among ye has now \xtu 

iltraged and pro>«nbcd I Coriolanu» — Purrs. 

C£n(/. — Early in the morning, took my caiiTiw off the itrctclicr,' 

^lolled it tip, and deposited it in tho Mudio of my frigid, the German 

irttit. He proniisoi to eomplcto my design, a* soon a* ho cm\ oflord 

paint cnougt) to cwt-r t^o colosml a canvea. I wrung hia hand in tilenee, 

and left him my Umfvblnck, as a atoclc^in-trade of coloun to begin with, 

I lislf an hour aflomarda 1 via* on the roud to Florence, hnntciiing to »ck 

[IrtrllivtualcoDsolatiuii at the fcct of the Venus de Medici. 

eVA. — Arrind at the Tuscan capdtal late in the eveninj;. ftain. Itail, 

know, wind riling to a hurricatii'. I'<^oplo who pmi*C' tho rlitnale of Italy 

fmoA tw the paid i^ent* of Italian tnnkevjivn, I have tiuvcr luflenil 

cb eold a> this in England in my life. 

SSli. — Callod on an Italian gentlenian, to whom I bad a letter of 

introduction, for the purpose of inquinng about lodgings. Told him I 

only wanted a bedroom and a iludia. lie informed me that 1 could get 

I both (the studio tifty feet long, if I likod it), at th« [mlsco of the Ma.r- 

— . "Lodgings at upslacel" oricd I. "Vt«iand very cheap, too," 

aswered my new fiimd. Cheap! Can a Marchionera drive bargoinB! 

tcadily. Tba Mardiiones* lieu not til\y pound* of your money for li«r 

■bole yevly income. " ilaa the any children ?" "One unmarried 

^bter. the Manchesina." " What's lliat^" " A diminutive Icmi of 

^^douinent ; it means, tho littli; Morchtuiiew, my dear Mr, in your laii* 

Thi* but reply decided me. Serene risions of a future Matche- 

nna Pol tg itvam benignant before my eyes. In un evil hour, and littls 

thinking into what fatal cmbamuuncntx I wa« plunging rny*rlf, 1 atkcd 

the address of the palace, and dett^nnined ta lodge with the Alur> 

'AioneH, — (Oiristtnas'day ; and no raast-beef or plum-jiudding. I wish 

I was hack in England, in spite of rny brilliant prMpeetc with tlie 

Italian aristucnicy.) 

t&li. — Went to my noble landlady's, having dreamt all night of Poly- 
tl>e Second. (Is this a warning tliat I out to jtce thttt miscreant 
_ tin ?) Fuund the polnw situated in a back lUeet ; an enormous 
building in a very defioent state of repair. The Hag-stones of tha court- 
yard cras»-gTown ; tha (ountain in the middle lltrowiiig op no water, aitd 
mtiiely aurraunded by weeds and puddles; the atoiicaaa rannl with 


liaTd dirt ; — but for tliin)(ing of v)ic Murchevinti, 1 xhotild hare run away 
at my fxni exterual view of my I'utura lodgings. Saw Iho Mnrch^Ba. 
Whcra diK'« nil the flesh of nil tho old women in Italy go to 1 Wh«t 
substance ainorbi. vrlmt grave rt-cciveii it 7 Why ta there no such thing 
nt a litt lidy of sixty tn the whak P«ninsu)a? Oh, what a thoroughly 
Italian old woman uiu thi« Mnrchcm! She wd* little, cr^ioked, flnh- 
leiv; h«r yellow «kin had ihrirdled tip tight over her twite* ; her nose 
looked |irel<:maturnlly aquiline, without an atom of cliock to ro]i«v« it : 
her hair viaa white ; her cyen weri; blazing binck ; and la erown all, ilte 
WHS as Ueulthily civil a.» any wateiing-place landlady in Eocland that I 
ever cnt^l tvilli. She umat have exercised some hid«Oiu laccination over 
mc, for I fell into hur toils, and chartered a bedroom and studio befun I 
lind beL'n in h>^r prt!«(*n[:u leu minutei. The bedroom was comparatively 
«ninll for a palace, only about thirty feot long by twenty broad. The 
ettidio w&s a, voely maiuoleum of ■ drawing-rooni: sixty foet by forty of 
marble floor, w itboiit a fir^iilace or a Ringlet article of furniture en any part 
of it, do not look coiiir'irtuLli.' in the itiotith of February, when the saow 
is falling out of doom. 1 utioll have to >it and paint in a sentry-boK! 

SJlL — Hemovwl to my dungeon — i can call it nothing el<& 

I have inst «cen thu Manclictina, and fcal faint and giddy alter the aigtit. 
" The lilllo Marchion«jB " — to not my friend's tmnslation of hor name — 
stands five fuel eleven in her slippers ; her hair and eyes are as black as 
ink ; her arm is an thick us my trg ; her complexion is sallow. Site is 
as fietihy a luhJcLt m I ever reiiicnilicr to Imvc met with. 1 know where 
all the old wonmii'i lat has gone now ; it lias gono to the Mnrchctina. 
My fitfli iniuilive reiolve, on being introduced to this mngnificeiit aristo- 
crat, was as follows : — " I must make friends with you, madam, for I 
(ce timt yoti ran Ihntth mc ! " 

28M. — The doiiiettiL- lil'o ofthe two noble ladies exbtbi Is some pecu- 
liarities. I liuve abKT\c<l tlial iirilhcr of them appears to possew such a 
thing as a gown ; they are both swaddled in quantities of shapolea*, 
dark-coloured robea, wrapped about them in a very Tnyslerious manner. 
They appear to live cxclutively on ialad. They make salads not only of 
every kind of vegetable, but of bread, nuts and eponge-eakea. If the 
MarcliGMna by any accident ever set herself on fire, I feel ii»»urcd that 
tlio would blase like a beacon, froni the quantity of oil she imbibes. 
Both thi> ladies Uccp me company in my studio, becaiisu I have got a 
cbahng'dith ofcliurcoul in It lo preserve iiic from freezing, and they like 
to t»e (icononiicaJ in point of fire. But, be-uidei mp fire, tliev have their 
own, uhich they carry in their laps. An earthenware ]iipkin n-piece, 
with an arched handle, aiid with a »niull promion of burning charcoal in 
it, is tlw extiuordinary portable lire that they hold oji their knees all day 
long. I suspect the Marcheaina of hnvlng a second pipkin full of live 
charcoal, under her robei, for the purpose of warming her foot and ■» 
forlii. But of this I am not yet certain. 

iOA. — The mighty Marche^na has proposed a subject to me to paint 
— e lifc^izc portrait of herself In llic character of a f^Ibyl. Ah, morcifut 
Heaven I 1 must have another huge canvas for this! It will be an- 
olliet *' Polycarp," in female foim I More getting up and down stcMt 
Mure gallons of black paint ! But I must submit. The Alarchcflina Itaa 
bei-n hillierto Tery kind, sometimes even alarmingly affeclionnte. Ncter- 
tJielcu, if I oppow, or neglect her, I feel i;-crf(?ctly certain that she is 
capable of knocking nie down ! — Why i why did Icvfr come to Italy f 

■'-^- . — 

MR. pERUGisn porrsL 


January \ta. — I maik ttiii dajr'a ciiti; with n^ ink. The new ycni' 
hu began for mo with one of tlie most lutoundtng Advenluret that ever 
happened to anybody — Baroii TUunctiauEvit included. Let mc note il 

I down in thcM pogtt. 

' 1 had jutt biogiin iliii morning to n»k« a ikctth for Uie future Sibyl 
pktur*-, vrlivn the Siliyl h«ndf bunt tnto my aludlo in a great hurry. 

[she bad tier buniKt on ; and was drcncd for ibc Rrst time, since I had 
her. in Bomvllung which reoJly looki>d like u [wtticoat. 
"Induitrious littl« man." laid the Marchusina, witli an uir of jocular 
•uttiQrily, " put on your hat, and conic out with me." 

Of courte I obeyed directly. Wc vrcm going to the nunnery chur«li 

I >f S«i)la So>Bnd-Mi {I am afraid of being pron-culeJ for liW if I ivrito 
the real name), to wo the live object of the lost new mimclc, which hiul 
(d all Florence in on uproar m mloniihinent and ndniiration. Thta 
•liject iraa a poor man who liad been Tniraculouily re^torcc! fruni blind- 

tsen, by praytBg to a certain statue of the Madonna. [Ic hod only pur* 

'hkkI his devotion* for two day*, wh«n ho vraii " cured in an in&lani," 

: like the man with th« toothache, on the oitlsid^ cover of u certnin •luocfc 

ImedkiiK bottle, that I n-mntik-r in Bn^snd. Besides gaining hix Kijjht, 
he gained * great deal of money, tubimbecl for him by the t£vout rich. 
He WM exhibited every day in tho church ; and it waa tlie great ught 
of FloreiKC to \ps and sec him. 

Weill wo got to the church. Such a scene iiiBide! Crowd* of people; 
•oldiers in full uniform to keep order; the organ thundering tul^ 

I Umel; ; the choir tinging hoianniu ; cloudit of inconse fluating tnrough 
the church-, devotee*, »omo kneeling, tome proalmtn on their faces, 
whcn:vcr they could llnd room, — all the magnificence of the magniGcciit 

, Roman Catholic worslup. was displayed befbts us in its grandest fettival 
garb. My compnnion was right, thin was a night worth seeing indi^. 

Tfac Mardicfiim being a person of aonic weight, loth in respect of 
pfayueal fannation and siKial (landing, made her vay victoriouily IhrougFi 
the crowd, dragging mc after h(rr in triumph. At the inner extremity uf 
the diurch we saw tho wonder-working statue of tlic Moduona. mlsed 

i«n hij[!i, and profusely decorated with the jeweU presented to it by tho 
UthhiL To get a rinw of the man on whom the mimclc hod been 
wrought was, however, by no means easy. He was closely tiurrouudcd 

. br a circle of gaiera 6re deep. Ere long, bovr«rer, the indomitable Mar> 
contrived to force her wny nn<l mino through every obetade. 
We nocbcd the front row* I looked ea^ly under a tall diud's elbow ; 
and saw — 

Pwtentouii powcn of scoundretism and hypocrin' I It was— yea I 
ibrre wni no mistaking him — il was poLvcARf tiik Sboond ! 1 1 

I never really knew what it was to doubt my own eyes befMo ; and 
mi thare was no doubt bore. Tlierc, kneeling bcncalh the rtalue of tho 
MftdonDB, in tin elegant pose of adoration, waa my wide*awakc mbcrcant 
of a model, ehanfted to the hero of the most fit^iionable miracle of tho 

{ day- The tear* were trickling ovrr hi« rillanoui beatd, exactly as tbey 
trickled in my studio ; I jii*t deflected the smell of gwHc feintly predomi- 
nant over the smell of incense, as I used to detect !t at Rome. My 
shnm model had turned sham blind man to all Florence, sham numcle- 

' tul)}«ct to H convent of illMtrioiis nuns. Tho fellow liad readied the 
sublime acmt of rtiBcnltty at a Mngte alridei. 
Tbo slwck of my first recn(i«iition of him deprived me of my prvsenco 

of mind. I forgot where I wu, Turgot nil thu (icople ptesenl, and un- 
c^nicioiinlv utlurcd aloud our mtlional Enfilieh ejaculation of Mtonish 
mcnt, "I'lullot" I'he specUtora iii my nui^ibourhood all lumu 
round iipi>n mo iimncdiftt^^ly. A pricJit uiiian); Ui* number Wkoiwd to 
a itiMicr ntaiiJuig iK-ar, ari «aid, " Itcmovo tbe Bniii}| hrrcttc" Tl)ui 
vm mther too violent a proceeding to Iw [iaU*;ntljr borne. I wu det«r- 
minol to bctti' tlie cuunu of truth, and avvn^ie myself on Polyarp tha 
Svcund at tlic same time. 

"Sic." eaid I to thi- prietit, " before I am taken away, I ahould like ta 
fpcak in privott! to the lady aLbcas of tliis convent." 
" itctiiavc the herelic 1 " icilcistud llic Turivui bigot. 
" Remove tbe heretie I " ccIiOttl the indignant congrc^tion . 
" If you do remove me," I continued WBolutely, " without firet gnnt- 
ing wlint I aak, I wilt publicly pnxlaini, before you con gut xm out at 
the door of the church, A ecrlalii faul which you would give the beaL. 
jewel on that statue up there to keep concealed. Will you l«t nw 
the ublicftK, or will you not / ° 

My natumlly limpid and benevolent eye mutt have flaiJied lightnings 
of wratli a« 1 spnlce, my usunlly cnlm and iiifllow voice oiutt 1ibv« 
loundcd like a clanon of defiance; fur the prictt suddenly chungvd 
taclicb. He signed to the soldier to let me go. 

" The Englishman is mnd ; and must be managed by perauaaion, not 
force," Gitid the wily churchman to itie congn'galioii. 

" He i« not mad.^ie ia only a geniUH," exclaimed my gigantic and 
generous Marchostna, taking my part. 

" Leave hiiu to mi-, and hold your pcacci all of you," said th« prie>t> 
taking my ann, and |i>ading me quickly out ofthf? erowd. 

He ihowed mv into a little room l«nind t}ie body of the cbuTcb ■ ihut 
the door carefully, and turning iiuickly and fiercely on me, Miid:— 
" Now, you fanatic of an Kngliahman, what do you wont?" 
" Bigot of an Italian ! " I answered, in aragii,'*! want to prore your 
miiBcle nian there, to be a tliivf and impostor. I know hitn. He was 
no moro blind, when he came to Florence, than I am." 

The priest lumed ghnsity wiili rage, and opened his mouth to »peak 
a^in, when, by a tccond duor at the other end of the room, in carne th« 
abbcis herself. 

Slie tried ai first th« same plan oa the priest. 1 never saw a liercvr, 
leaner, sharper old woman in my life. But bullying me wovild not do. 
I knew 1 was right; and atuck manfully to my point. After itaLing 
the whole of the grc-at I'olycarp n>bbery case, I wound up briltiatilly by 
announcing tny intention of m-nding to Konie for witnet^ea who could 
provi; the identity of ftijr thief of u model, and iJifir Hhatti of a mirocia 
■nan, beyond the possibility of refutation. Tim tlinst contjuered ; the 
abbvHs got frightened in real earnest, and came to terms ; or, in otlier 
words, bc^an to liuinbug me ou the ipot. 

In Ihv couraQ of my life I have kno«t-n a great many wily old women. 
The tart-EclIcr at tchool was u wily old woman ; a maternal aunt of 
mine, who wlHxiilwl my fathvr out of a special logacy, wns a wily old 
woman ; the laundress I employed in London was a wily old woman; 
the Marchiuneax I now lodge with is a wily old woman ; but the abbess 
was wilier than all four put together. Sliu B:iltcr*d and cringed, lamoiited 
and shed tears, prayed /br mc and lo me, ail in a bi«al^ V.wn the 
Dsgnifieent <)«ptlis of bumbug displayed by Folycarp the Saeond, looked 


ngs ] 




^riiKlIow^ and tnuiapftrenl b^ contRWt wilh the unfaltioniabk pnfiinditiM 
of srti(1« exhibited by the lady abbess! 

Of courw, t)io pctitionn that tli'^ nbbct* now poured on me in torronta 

ivtre all directed tewartis the one oUJvvl of gelling; me to hold my lonjjue 

[dr ever on the subject of Signor Polycarp"s aasum«i Uindni-ss. Of 

heoone, her drfnneo or the tnimclccxhibitioii going on in Iter church wm, 

ftlMit >))E and th« whole nunnery (ofticmlitij; prieets included) liod becu 

Bnposed on by the vsR^bond stranger who had pome to them from Itome. 

LVf'h«(hor thi( wii« true nr not 1 ronlly cnnnot say. I hnd a fa'int con- 

tldffutiMM all the time the abbess was speaking that site was making a 

fCmI of me ; and yet, for thp life of me, I could not help believing some of 

] IIm tilings *he said ; I could not rvfmin (mm helplessly grunting her all 

tbat ahe atked. In return fur thi« docility on my part, she gratefully 

pfomiBed that Polycarp should l)e i^^ominioiisly tumi.'d O'Ut of thu cliurch. 

.without receiving a singto fartlnitg of thi-- mm* collected fur hiTii: wliicli 

rbappcned to be atill remaining in the convent cosh-box. Thus avenged 

'on my piclqtocltet model, I ft.'lt perfectly satislied, and politely assured 

I the akbeu (who iindvrloul: to account luliiliii^iorily to th« public fur iho 

[disappearance of the niiracle-nian) thai whatever her story was, I would 

not eontiadict it. This done, the piou^ old Iftdy )^ve tnc her blessing : 

Hie priest ''followed on the suine (ido:" and I IcA. thoin writing down 

mr name, to bo prayed for among the convent list of personages of high 

I mnk, who wtm all to be benefit^ by the abbest's intcTMt with I [eflv«n I 

I fialhev diScivnt ihia frotn being remo ved as a hurutic in iJie custody of a 

I'Kldier I 

2«irf. — A quiet day at home, after yesterday's excitement. The be- 
haviour of Uu: Mnrchesina br^^in* to give mc serious uncAiincss. Gnt- 
'dous powenl — dots she ini-nn to fall in love with me? It teein* 
^awfully liko it. On returninu to the palace yestenlay she actually 
erobraocd me I I vta* half cullgcBtod by her conjirBtulatory hug. The 
hug o?er, she playfully (<i[ined m« into a comer, till she niade me tell her 
LilM wtkola of my advedlurv in the church. And. worse Ihau all I not 
T^alf on h«ur since, she coolly desired me to pull the fbot-wimning pipkin 
\bma under lier robe« — (I \fs» right aljotit Imr hsving one tliere). to poko 
I wntMiB, and ttieji to put it hack agmn : spi-uking just a* coniposedly 
if bIm wer« only asking mo to help her vn with her slmwl I Thw 
1» very bad. ^Vliat hud I bot-ter do I — mn away ? 
SnJ. — Another adveature I A tearful, life-aiid-death odventur* this 
time. This cTcning somebody f|;avc the Marchtsina a box at the opera. 
Sh« took me with hor. Confotmd the woman, the will take me witli her 
eveiywhrro ! Being a beautiful moonlight nig^t, we walked home. Aa 
we were cTMsing the " I'iaiza " I becamo aware that a man was follow* 
ii^ m. and proposed to tli« JlarcheiiDa that wv should mend our pact. 
"Never ! " exclaimed tbat ledoubtahte woman. ■* None of my family 
bare ever known what fear waa. I atn a wortbj daughter of tlie house, 
'«nd J don't know I Coumga* Signar P«tta, and keep step with me !" 
This wn* all very well, Init mybouse was the house of Potts, and every 
member of it bad, at one time or other, known foar (juitc inliinatdy. 
tiy position wai dreadful. Tli« leaoluto Marchotina kept tight hold of 
my arm, and poiitiv^^ly slackened her pace rather than olherwim I The 
hinan stUl followed uxi always at tho sumo dittaooe, evidently bent on 
Ltobbery or aaiassination, or perhaps both. I would ghidly have gireti 
the Marchiosina five pounds to forget her £sroi)y dignity and run. 


On looVtnj OTcr my shoulder Tor about llie fire hundnxjth tiiuc, juot 
*ft we entered tbe bock street where tbe folaee stood, I misMd Die toys- 
Xmtna itranger, lo my infinite relief. Tbe wot rwnoert, to my uniil- 
lembU borror, I brbeld him before «», eirid*f»tly wttitu^ to intercept our 
loogreu. We came up with him in tbe mooiuhiae. t>e&lh and de- 
atruetiAn 1 Polycarp the Second agwn I 

"1 know you 1" growled the nifliftD, gnnding his tectb nt roe. " Yoa 
L,'gDt mc turned out of the church 1 Body of Bocchui I I II bs rercnpnl 
■ dti you for tlval I " 

He tlinist hit hand into bit wain«ost. Before 1 coiiM ntter even the 

faintest cry for Itelp, the heroic Maroh«ain« had caught him lut by the 

beard and wriat, and had pinned him hdplcM o^Mnat the wall. " Paw 

on, Sij^or Polta I " uid tfiiB lionas of a woman, quite complacently. 

" Taw on ; there 'a plenty of room now." Just a» I passed on I heard 

the sound of a kick behind mc, and, turning round, saw Polycarp the 

BecMid pnortnite in tbf kcnmO. " La, la, la-la-la-la-l*— lal" wng the 

Harchedna from *■ Suoni la Trombo" (which we had juA beard M tbe 

Opera), as ehe took my arm once more, and led me eafcly up the palaee 

sUirs — " Lq, In, lo-la— la ! 'VW 'U have a salad for supper to-night. 

Kgnor Potti I"^ Majcitic, Ronmn ntatron-niinded woman '. Slw could 

kick ait uiiuuMn and talk of a «iliid both n( (he nme moment 1 

4/A. — A very bad night's rest : dreams of gleaming slilrttos and mid- 
night aMiiGdnation. The fact it. my life is no longer safe in Florence. 
1 out't take the Marchcsina about with me everywhere as a body-guard 
(site is a great deal too afTeolionate already) ; and yet, without my 
AniOitonian prolectrcsi what potent interposition it to preserve my lifa 
from the blond- thimty Polycarp, when he ni-xt attempts it? I begin to 
be afraid that 1 urn iiot quite so brave a man as I have been accustomed 
to lliink myself. Why have 1 not the courage to gire the Marehesina 
and her mother warning, and so leave Florence ? Oh, Lord t lion) cornea 
the loll noman to «t fur the Sibyl picture < She will onbnicc mc again, 
I know «tie will I She's got into a habit of doing it; she takes an 
unffljr ndvantage of her size and strength. Why can't slie piactbe fair 
play, and embrace a roan of her own weight and inches i 

idi. — Another mew ! I ihnll W de^ul soon ; killed by getting into 
perncLual scrape*, if I am not killi-d hy u Htilctto I I've been stabling 
ail innocent man now ; ami have had to pay something like tlirvc pounds 

Lof compcrtftlion-money. This was how the thing happened :— Vester* 
day I got awoy from tliu Mareltesina (iihe huggud me, juii as I foretotd 
ehe would) about dusk, and immediately went and bought a sword-atick, 
aa a dufeiicc against Holycnrp. I don't mind cinfcsKing that i was afraid 
%o return to the piilaec at night wilhoiit a weapon of some sort. They 
never shut the court-yard door till everybody is ready to go to bed ; the 
great itoiruiue it perfectly dark all the way up, and affords some capital 
positions for assassination on evory landing-nlace. Knowing this, 1 drew 
my new aword (a miirderout-lookiiig steel tkcwer, about three lect long) 
out of Uio Mlick, aa 1 advanced towurd* hoiiK?, and began to poke (or 
Polyouqi In the darknew, the moment I mounted tlic first stair. Up I 
w«nt.ilalitiinK every inch of my way before me, in themoct ■denttScnod 
domplete manner: spitting invisible astasuiu like larks for supper. I 
WHS i"«t exploring the eornor* oflhe Bw:on<l Ian ding- place on this peculiar 
ilcr<iisive systrni of my oun, when tny swDnl-point encountered a soft 
utslniictr, and iry ears were instantly grocted by a yell ofhuman agony. 

int. PERiraiNO potts. 


Ib tho friglit of thn momflnt, I celioed the yell, tmd Mi down flat on my 

ok. Tbo Uarchesina ru&Iied out on the stairs at th« noiae, with a 

(Imp in her hsnd. I snl uj) niul looked round in deipeiation. There 

the TniK-rat>!« old |>orter of the paluce. lilecding and blnbbrring in o 

' comrr, and there voa my deadly eknner of a sword etude in a fitxe of 

IM^ ItAliui lw«f by hit tidet Tho meat miut have attracted the 

i)[«wcr, like a Risgn«t; and it saved the [Ktrtcr'» life. He nu* not much 

ikun; the beef (stolen property with which he was escaping to his lodge, 

whan my avrnging aword-point met him) actod like n iliiold, snd was 

math the worae wound«d of the two. The Harcht-sina found lhi« out 

directly ; and hcgnn lo upbraid Ihc porter for ihieTing. The porter iip- 

bBid«d tne for St alibi ng. and I, having nobody el t6 to upbraid, iipbrudad 

Destiny for leading me into a Ircsh scrape. The uproar we made was 

[■oiiKtluQg quite itid(.-acTiboblc i wc ihn^ outscrcanicd all IIiltin(;sf!ate- 

■Mrktt in the olden time. At last I caimcd the itorm by giving tli« 

pott«r evory Girthing I had about me, and. asking the Mardie&ina to 

icnpt the Bvrord part of n^y sword slick at a new spit to adorn lh« 

kiteben departtnent of the palace. She called me "an angel;" and 

hugged me furiously on the spot. If thia hugging is not moppud by 

to-morrow I iliall iiui myself undtr the protection of the Oritish ambas* 

ndor — 1 will, or my name isn't FotU I 

6M. — No protection U hcncor'rth available I No British ambaModor 
can DOW defend my rights I No tlircatt of aKsassinntioti from Polycaiji the 
Soconilcan turify me morel — All my other calamitiM arc now merged in 
OKcnermous minfurlutic that will lact Hir the rett of my liic; — the Mor- 
dieiitia hat declared lier intention of murr^Hiig me ! 

It waa done at ■uppi.T lost nighl, after I had pinked tlio porter. Wo 
Bt round the inevitable, invariable satnd, on which we ore condemned to 
giaze — the NebitcliadneMarB of modem life — in Ihia accursed gazebo of a 
polaoe. My stomach began lo nche beforehand as I niw the Marcheiina 
I Mwing in the vine^r, and h<;ard her, aC Die nunie time, dropping ccrlwn 
hints in my diiyction— frightfully broad hints, with wliich she has terri- 
Bed and bewildered mc for the last three or four daya. I «at ailent. In 
England I should have rushed lo the window and aoeamcd for the poliee; 
but 1 was in Florence, defenceless and a Btranger, belbre an Amnion who 
woa lost ogling tne into lenHficd tiibniiiiiion to my fate. She soon got 
buyond ST«n the ogling. Whan we were all three helped to salad, iuat 
at tlie pause before eating, tho Moicheeina looked round at her fletliless, 
yvllow old parent. 

" Muthcr," aays she, *' ahall I have him ) " 

"Beloved angel," was the answer, "you are of age, I leave your 
cbmcc to jouiself ; pick where you like ? " 

"Very well Ihm," pursued the Ainaioman daughter, "yery well! 
PoWi I here is my hand." She held out her mighty fist towarda me, 
witk a diabolical grin. I felt 1 must cilliei' tnka it or have my heitd 
broken. I now ainccrely wi*h I had pi^fenxM the hitler alteniative; 
but an unlucky emotion of terror misled me into accepting tlic limner. 
I received on anioteiu squeeze tliat mode the liones of my fingers crack 

•* You are a little man, and not noble," observed the Morchesina, criti- 
cally luoking nu.' over, as if I bad been a piece of meat thai she was 
purchasing in the market, " but you g«t tioth tizu and rank in gvUing 
Me. Let UB therefora be perfectly hvp^jy. und proceed with our soHid." 


" I beg your [■anjon," Hud 1, faintly sKiv«ring a11 onr in a sort oTmIcI 
hOTTOr, " I bcj your paidon ; but naUy — " 

" Cumo, com* I " intvtrupuil tlie MarelMnn*, mulitng my hind with 
another ujuceze ; " too mud) difiidence is r butt ; you have gcruua and 
wnltb to otfur in cxchnngc f«r nU I confer on you, you ha?(s you modctt 
Uttbt diorub of a nmn '. As Ibr tho day, my vcm-rated mother I " she 
continued) turninir towwdi tli« old womao ; " shall we ny thi* day 

** Certainly, thia day week," Boid tntunma, looking yellower than 
over, as she Da»p{>t«[ up all tho oil and vin«gar in her |^t« with n larf^ 
Spoon. The next minute I received the old n'omooa blcaaiiif[ ; I inu 
ovdcrcd to kiu the Marcheaina't bond ; 1 waa wiihed good ni^t. — and 
then foond myselT alone with throe empty mlad plates ; " left for execu- 
tion " that vety day n-eek ,- k-fl without the sli^tctl chance of a re- 

I write these lines at the dead of night,— myself^ more dead than 
alive. I am in my bcd>nwm : the door ii locked and barricadoed 
against the possible flntranee of the Haicheaina uid her mamma. I am 
oovorod from hcD'l to foot with a eold perspiration, but am nevvrthi^leM 
6na in my rewlulian to nin sway to-ntonvw, I mutt leave all my 
lugja^ behind me, and ttsort to atntagem or I shall not get off. To- 
momw, the nioini;nt ihe palace gate is opoDct), I shall take to my faeda, 
canying with inc^ nothing tmt my purv, my paaapon, and my iiighlcap. 
Hutli ! n itralthy bmuithiiig aaunds outtidc the door— an eye Is nt the 
Itey-liole — it is the old woman watclitiig me ! HoHc I a rootsiep in the 
Btreel outside, — Polycarp the Second, with hii stiletto lying in wut 
boltire t]i« houae! I shall he followed, I knuw I sbnll, however cun- 
ningly and secretly I gut uway to-inonow ! Mairisge and murder — 
mtirdur mid marriage, will alternately threaten me for tho remainder of 
my lifii ! Art, fareweU .' henceforth tho rc«t of my existence is dedicated 
to perpetual Hight I 


With tho uraiiioiu word "flight," the journal of Mr. PotU abruptly 
Onda- I became possessed of the manuscript in this manner: — Tho 
Other day, while I was quietly sitting in my itudy in London, the door 
of Ihe lOOin ivns flung viMently open, and the ill>f»ted Potts himaelf 
nih*d in,— hli eye* glaring, his hair diibcvcllcd. 

" Print that 1 " cried my gifted, but unhappy friend ; " cnliit ibr me 
the sympathin, procure for tnc the proteclion, of the Britisli public 1 liio 
MnrcWxina is aU-Jf mo, — she luu followod mo to England — she U at the 
bottom oflhoittcot! Farewell, farewell, for ever!" 

" Who ta the Mardieiina i Whore axe you going tol " I exclaimed, 

" To Bcntbnd ! To hide myself m the inacce»sible caverns of tha 
inotl deiolato island 1 can fnid among the Hebrides ! " cried Pottc, dash- 
ing out of tJio loom like a madman. I mn to my window, which openi 
on the itrecl, juti in time to ecc my friend Qy past, at tlii' top of bia 
apeed' The next paaMnger procciHiing in the eame direction wu a 
woman of gigantie stature, slridnig uvcr the pavement in ti manner 
awful to behold. Could that bo the Marchesina 1 For niy fricud's uka 
I devoutly hopo not. 



Dbaip the ctirLainR, ftir ih« drv, inatcv s wmicircle rouBd tbe nig, sni] 
DOW for a eaiturrie. Marj' [tujmeil Mitfunl »hmll talk to U9 out oftlie 
Ihm voluiDVf of mniiii«c«iic«« Khn ha? juat glrun to tltv world i Bud 
whatever w» tiavct to uy about th« tiinilry tliinK« slw ducouraeib tipoii 
therein aluill be mkI ia n cordUI. and, at the same titnu, perfMily fratik 
0piril, M bccoOMilh an honcit 6rv*ido. 

Tlirro she «U hi tli« )a^ chair, not quite «o roiing as aJH- iraa when 
tbe cbonnMl all botncntciaiis and heart h-stottM with picture* «f Iwr own 
aoict Ucrkihirc viili^c, before rttilrcKid» oimc to drciroy- tho pr^ty way- 
(iilt> iiiiLs wboTC trarelleM used to bt^ «o inug atid Ronirttrl.-itilK in tiny 
nrpcitMt ruums wilti dimity curtnins and glasa cupboardi full of >nle- 
ditaviui china : whvti lillte Itrd-riding-lioud* vera as plvnty as black- 
berries, and the ^p(i«K mete never at a lots for sncludeo nooks and dell j, 
wbrre they could camp and cook, and tell stories under the h«dge-iows, 
with a feeling of suliiude and secnrtty they can never taiaj soaio in 
Burrry Entttand. Ttut was a Ions, Iohr tiai« ago; yet Mxry Kussdl 
Mttford lookt iu ready a* iib« wa* in Uor brightest days to eutur with a 
reltabio^ aeil Into ttK garden dvliglita and book pleofurvs thai have 
foniied the oecupstion and happiiivsj of her life, and made liar name 
kiK)wii Olid nelromi! wherever natural descrifitiou and unalTuclcd feeling 
arc truly 3|iiin'uiaicO. 

'Jliere tilie sits, nilh &i> hooiety and goud-humoured an air as if, in- 
stead of vriliiig book* and holding corn-nptnidiiice with liatf the celebri* 
lies of her timct shv had no uihcr roratiun iu this world than to attend 
todomcslic n&in, prune ilirubi on the lawn, disncnte flannels ntChnst- 
tDei to the poor, owl look after a neighbouring •choal. Ueiiide lier cliair 
■tanda her constant companioni a remarkable stick, wilh bu odd sort of 
a bead to it ; and to make her aelual prescnee th« niore palpable th« 
sbcMild be iiirroanded by tier inseparable friends — Faochou, hvr little 
d(^, that might lie crouched at lier fetl, with its M-»<iiirr cars lifting 
and falling at tiery sound: her neat naid Nancv, watehing her on a low 
stool, and her boy Henry (w« hope he is atill a boy, and that he «ti!l 
coolrivp, for her take, to cuntium^ so) stauding bejiind her chair. 

lliat *tick ba> a biography all to itflclfr and a Tery curious one it is. 
Silly years uo it was a stick of <|ual!ly, and brlongcd tn some Dowager 
Duchess of Atbol, who hoi no inore reality lor u* tbaii oni! of tliD 
«mbroideTi-d ladies in an old piece of tapestry. So far as its original 
owner is concerned, the stick, for nnght wc know to the roulrary, rooy 
be n phaiitoui-itick, ur a witch-stick ; bill, be Uiat at it uuy, Miss Mit- 
ford's father bouj^liL it aA the sale of Berkshire House, whi^rv tt was hud- 
dled by ibo audionwr into a tot of old umbrelLuii watering pots and 
flower stands. It was then tight, straight and slender, nearly four feet 
high, poliiliod, vein(-d, and of a yelluwish colour, and of the order called 
a crook, such, tuyi Miss Mitl'oid, who i< ovidenlly very parikular 
about it, as may bo seen upon a diimney-piecc ^guriug in tbo hnud of 
some trim stieplierdeia of Dresden china. Firali tbe housekeeper car- 
ried thiaflkk — then, wl»ra tbv hvuiekceper diedi Mb* Mitford's moilMrr 

• RaodWllanxir ■ LtMnvr \.\l» ; or Il»)k(, PImw, Miit pMipI*. B; Marj 
Buwdl UitTufi, AndMT ef •• Our VWagT," ««- 3 voli. 


I of B; end tnm her H ilcscMtded to Mns Mrlfotd bi-r* 
fm otttof «btin, nod fffttirwanU frvni habit and neeesfliiy, 
il kcr trnstf •uppertpr oo all oce^io*i». I'he ailvmturM of lh»t 
H«M foUof p<.-TiU anil liair-brcailthncspos M eT«r befell a Sooth- 
I «hal>r, or a KudsoD's itay trapjier. Once it wu lott in a fair, once 
IbcsaUm ia a nurqufe at a cricket maleli, and at atitit her time *bili-ii hy 

• bitle boy. which coat il» mistm* a ten-miW wull: for hs recovery. 
Baiihrworvt colaniily thaibofdiit wat wheii, lo the act of iln wing down 

• rich branch uf woodbine from tho loji of a hedge, ila irorjr crook came 
08, fallinfT 'ito <> inuddj ditch, atid waking »o irretrievably ibat it waa 
amt roeovorvd. Thv crook, it aeems, was very handionie, and was bound 
with n ailver rim, im|>nrtini; a Indy-Iike appearand! to the tiki, which, 
al lliv lirvt RlRht, gave yon a hint of itf arivtocratic origin. Id this n- 
tn'Tiiily il «n* fpntto a jiuraioVBhopio hnvc a niiw nook put on, Ixii 1)10 
kluplH |ip'>ptf Arit dnrkcil mnii^ inchest of tt« lieij^ht, and tlicn put on a 
bgnir itnibnllii toji llint ftll wfT uf it» own accord in a few days. A good- 
naliirt'il fiiond remedied 1)10 EM;ond lo&s by failemng on an ohonj' top, 
whlrh IimiIli, lifter four or fivcyforB' wear, n little ^ver, "and more fit 
for ilip I"""" "'■' inisire«», who haviujr al fini taken lo n staff in tport, i» 
nuwifi tiiine aalo he unable lo walk without ono." Ilii! memoir* (if»«alk- 
iii^-mirk uinj xlriki! our ri-adtr* oi n mrro winilv of word* and |>aper; 
IkiI it il >iir|iriving: what ali^bi incid^iila riHe into im]iurtancc nnd inlcmft 
'at B (.-oitnlry life, and how much the rciUity of its portraiture ia indebted 
to trivial, htit by no means imcsBenlinl fi-alnrof. At nil eveut«, Mix* 
Milford'a nllck u a slick of note, and fhonld no mure hv. pasiird over in 
•ilenec than the ruff of Quc«n Kiiaabcth, or tfac flowing ringlet* of 

Mini Milford') Yife tevnn to have opened upon bcr in that pace of 
the old <]uarlo edition of " Percy's iti>!iqtK'«," nhorr thr ballad or tile 
*' Children ii) thv Wood "is to be found. Itisthtt drat buok, Almost the firet 
«Teiit»be ri'ni«'mber». They used to put her upon a lohlc before she »a» 
llirw" yearn old, when eho wnii. a* »he aays, only a sort of twin-ti«ter to 
her own dotl, to iuak« her ri-nd k-adiu^ nniclea out of this luoming 
papers ," «nd the reward for tb is terrible penance was to hear her mother 
n.-cilc the " Children in ihc VVood," just iia children am rewarded for 
taking nnuseonii thing* by a promise of a lump of sugar. At Wt she 
got poBsc«>iou nf the Tolumes ibcmiclves, and made aequaintance with 
the rest of the ballads, which possess as great a cbnrm for her now as 
they did then ; and she never lookt upon the old book* — the very ronie 
edition Ur. Johnson tised to treat with a very learned and unwise 
■Uiierciliousness — that the days of her childhood, or dollhond, do not 
«imp vividiv back upon her. 

She utill' keeps to the Pcrej' eolleclioii. She does not seem to core 
about llie tore that hn» W-en dug up since, or the nntinnarinn mearch 
that liB* cftmc to the illusiraiion of our old English poetrj*. Even the 
firil isliiioii contents her— she will have no oiher — she has an affection 

for it it ia enough for her purpose — it recalls the happy lin:>n when it* 

pagea discloncd a nov world of cnchantmenis lo her — and she holds il 
!■ rBverence amongst her lilernry p^natc*. There is nothing in her 
TTminbcenCO to »llOW Ibm nbe troubles herselfahoiu Percy »ocieli««, or 
Shakapcnrv toeietiea, lliot she lins ever dipped into Notes and Querieo, 
or wwild tlitnk borsclf obliged to the officious critic who should detect 
M llikw in ber two precious (jiiarlo volumes. The faith nnd the cnlhu* 



■iasm of cbiMliood xlill cling to ttM ncll-known book. U)d would W 
very mucli put o«t by b«in^ di»tnr)ied at ihrir dpToiion*. And thi« U 
thr cliamctcr of Mirt MHford'* miiiil. She would nitUfr believe >a an 
old trtdiliun Ihaa haru II dlspclk-il by (hv dHccltvc police tbal ^o about 
exploring fhroniclcp and ftirrcting on! dumRgin^ fncW. Sbc thinki a 

iileMOUt delmtioD belter than a dbai^rvcable trulh; mtd it Is to ihis 
ondo«SB for old booksi and old places, and the old nlories that have 
grown np into n. popular creed about them, that wc mny traco tlu' para- 
motuat charm of linipltdtT and trunlfiilness, llie cheerful tpirit and tbe 
leemini; good-nature wbicb abound in her writing 

To u», «re mutt acknowledge, ttiia fivshncss of tbe hcnrt nnd entire 
freedom of ihe imaginatioti, li very delightful. Min Mitford L* not a 
critic ; but ih« is sometbing a grcai deal better nnd more a^ rL-c-ablc. 
She U of too enjoyable a tetnpcniniL-nt for a critic ; she ha> not a linffc 
of Ihe malice or pervenity of criticism in her genial nature. For thin 
rrasoD, her opinioDs aro eomelimos slightly hetcrodo:^, but it is alwa^'H 
on the »ide ol a ^«d will, and a hoarty admiration of some gracious or 
in>nile quality which ifae bas been at Ihe paiiu to di»cnver, and which 
frw pc«pIo wMild take the trouble to look for. Sho opeaks raplurounlr 
of Davis'ii " Life of Curran ;" bo* luch innocont rural Tinrs of litera- 
ture, that nhe thinks nobody reads Po[)e and Dryden now, nnd that 
George Darlcy is unknown as a poet to the English public ; delects a 
clow rtaemblauce bctwecti the Iriah novels of Danitu and the rotnaii* 
lidtt creations of Victor lingo. Sue, DuRias, aud thu rest of thai 
school ; tbink« that few works are Wltcr worth reading than Monclon 
Mnnra' " Life of KcW-s" not only for the wke of Kcat.q, but of his 
**gM»TOUB beiic-faclors, Sir .lanic^ Clarke and Mr, Severn;" regro4« 
llial certain wotks have falli-n into oblivion, from which no effort of 
fuhionabte or liirrary patronage con rcdci-m them; coneiders Willis, 
Lowell, and Foe grreat AmtiHcnn pools: and hopes that Richnrditnn'a 
novels and Walpole's letters will never come to an end. Kobudy'« 
judgownl can vhSct any damage froni such ainiabli:! notioiia ; and tho 
wond is alwavs mre la derive benefit from Iho kindly spirit that over- 
look* A hundred defects and futliet for the sake of a fiin^le virtue it 
Buda hidden heiu-alh ihcm. We wish there were more Miw Miifurds 
Kith her intellect, to ict uh m inftuential an example of toloralion and a 
willin|fnc»> to be pleased. 

She confesses that she was a spoill child, and that papa Kpnill her. 
It is evident, from what wc have just said, ihnt nuddeo nnd hiKJi us waa 
tW growth of her reputation, the public have not spoilt her. What tho 
anplauM of critics and the ailmirstioit of her rea«ler« failed .to do, papa 
did. "Xot conlcot with spoiling me in dcor», he spoilt me out. Ilow 
well I remember his carry'tng me round (he orchard on his shoulder, 
liolding fast my little ilir«n'year-otd fei*t, whilst the liilli* handH hung 
00 to his ptg-lail, vtkieh I called my brtdlc (tho«e were days of oi(- 
taiU), hung so fait, and higi^ec) >0 heartily, that somrlimes tbe ribbon 
would come off between my lingers, and M'lid tiiM hair floating, and Ihe 
powder flying down bis back." The papn who thus made her first 
noquatDtca with Ui« orchard, occupies a still more prominent vpacc in 
ber lubMqwDt romhiiiconces. I'roiii him to whom shv wac indebted 
(or her early lore of nature, and the happy hours of childhood, she also 
dcriTcd the heavint sorrow of her life. The story U strange and 



A young phyticiui, clever, handtome. (ray. in & «nall tonn in Hamp- 
■hiref MUa MilforiTs father won thn itmid «f nn hcin>M willi a properly 
of eight and Iwt-nty thuuvnnd pounds. Wilh ihe exception of two 
hundrci) a y«>ar, ioiilcd on her as piD-money, the wIioIp of this fortune 
was iiij'ii<!iciou>ly pljiwd at ihu free me of Dr. Miiford, who mccid* to 
hiive potK-iiti-d t^vrry <|iialilv to iiink« liii wife happy — except prudence. 
Ik-iuj^an fof^et Whij?, ho pluajfed into elpction potUics and madoflne- 
micit ; being very Tioipitable, he mpvoi more money ibno he could aflbrd; 
andi rndr«v curing to retrieve the waste liy cards and snectilalJon, Iw 
unk nearly the whole of hi* nnotirccs. In (hi« eKtremily, lie thought htt 
would do better in a frc*h place, nnd lo the fnm'ttv rvmuved to Lyme 
Aogi*, whero thry bad a Ane haute, which twenty yeara before had 
been fM)t«il by the great Lord Chatham for the use of bis toaf. 
Htm thny 1<»1 a rerj ^y lift- for two or lhrc« teasons ^^ \>a.\\a, exeur- 
■iotiK, dinners; yet in tlie tnidat nf it, Miss Mitforii snya she felt a 
iecr«t conviction that Boinethin^ was wronK-—*'*'^'^^ b foroBhooi-in^ tu 
make'* the quicksilver iii thi! barometer (ink while the weulher is »lill 
blight and clear!" Her faihor went ominously to London, and loA 
more mon«y (*he dor* iiol i.ay bow) : all wa« now gone oxcpt ihc pin- 
uioiKrf' — friend* de]>Brtvd one by one, nud there was gi-eat hurry and 
coaAiaioti, nnd ihcu everyttiinf; was to be parted with and ererybody 
lo b* paid, and the family mado a forcid journey to London, part of 
which was performed in a tilted cart without ^priugs, for tack of better 
con vevance. 

Settled in a dingy comfortless lodging in one of the <»ihiirb* hcyood 
Wcrtniiiirtcr Bridge, Dr. Mitfoid't cuiislitulionnl vitacily returned. 
He used to talce his little girl, Ihon ten voan old, in hix hand about 
town lo >ho«.- Iiur iho (eights ; and one day ihey slopped at an Iriith 
lottery-office, and shovfin^ her certain iiiy»teriuu4 bit* of paper with 
ounihers on tbeni, ho deEired her to choose one. She lelected No. 
S.SS't: hut as Ihix wai only n quarter, and papa wanted to purclute 
a whole ticket, he desired her to choose again. But her heArt wa» act 
on No. ?,S34, bitcause the numbers added together made up ten, and 
that day happened to he hi<r tenth birthday. Fortunately, lottery* 
office roan bud the whole niitiiber in !>liares, and so the ticket waa 
bought. Slie must rvlute the sequel in her own wordit. 

"Tbe whole uffiiir wiun u-crtx het««un ua. and my fuiher, whenever he got roe 
to himwir, iilked ortr oar fiUUM t<r«iilv' tttoiiiwriil |iiiiiiiili, ju>L like AlnaMhar 
OviT hi* biulirt nf pjEr*. 

"Sluun while limi.' |iaur<l <iii, titd iidv Riiiidsy inurii!ii|[ itr vei« all pr*|HiHn|[ la 
^ tu diiircli, itlien ■ toKc that 1 hnd I'orgiittcn, liat my rstlior had ntn. mode it* 
app^amnoe. It wu liw dark iif cli<> laticrjr n(Bc«. An expmt bad ;utt arHvad 
tr«m Ihiblui, aiinoiiDdnf; llial No. -J.^H hid tsat dra,wn a jirlw of t«euiy-tl>au- 
tnad |iiru>id«,and hv had hakimeil w cuuimunicatc thejcnod newj. 

** Ab, wo ! in lew ttika twenty years wliil waa left of the jimiture of tlia lIckM 
sosir«i>i»tl]rcIiu)en ! M'liat? ricc)ii the \V'ed|[owniid iHniier HTvier ihac mylathtr 
ludliadmadt to cummeiiionite the ereni, Willi tlie Iriihlmrp oithin tlui bu'rder on 
ona *ide, anil liii familvrmt on thviiilieit Tliut Im^iilti nnd perishable vara lon( 
eutlaated tJie taoro penihable roancjr I" 

Miss .Mitfcrd relates theec painful recollections wilh a serenity and 
patience that yield a lesion frotn which her rcadors may prolit as largely 
13 from tbo trample of extravagance and recklcMm^a which made so 
uvere a demand on her fe«IJiig« and her philosophy ; and il is plea'anl. 
after all her viciasiludc* and johtog over the rough ways of iho worldf 



to find her in a tranquil collagt in the midst of llic scpner]- the loves, 
wtlb ber (l4>); and b«r rosid, her Mick and lier pooy, «DJoying^ lu much 
ftltcitj- a> can W muomtbty loaknd for in ihc sunset of a cb^iguvrrd life. 

iMauenrd over tliv volume* »iili«ut much hoeil of chronolojey or 
M^ueiwc, ir« many liuU penonnl srrapt that wtU h«reHlW cntrr roto 
bcr biojf raphv, from the light which thcv ihron upon the cast and colour 
at bcf irniniii^. Th« {>apa, wlio uu m> iiidifTenitil to inoi)^, who w«a 
ad))i«lctl tu !iu<.'h ruinouK habita, niid who iu his gtiicrol ri'lntiont uHh 
Mick^ty, tcciaii to have sacrificL'd ibu coniforl and rcponcof his homvi noa, 
ovvcnlielviiii. the aunt devoUNl of fathera. From her earlipst childhood 
(a tlir la*t huur of hi* lif«, ltd Irralftd hrr with an affoctionalc ntid carest- 
tng landcnMw that, in Sfiiie uf hi> [naiiifi'it (•rrorr, Icavrs an amiable 
iiDpreuiou of his chuacter behind. Un« of llie incidcms oti which hIia 
dttidU with Ihn ^^nutrat Riai»fnctii>n wa« hor fimt vi«it to London : uud 
the mode of il ia not only illustralire of the <;oni|]anilivdy primiliTo 
habit* of the Itnte. but of ifao simplidty of the man in bit domcttie life. 
Hnving occaiinn to coiDt? to London in ihc middle of Julvi he suddrnly 
aonouoved hia iautatioo of taking h«r up wilb him in liii gig ; and at 
thii open fashion they sMrlcd, itopping to dine at Crauford Bridftc in 
a Uul(> inn (ihnn a wry famous ]i«attng-hoiifo), vhotv preiiy gitrdcti and 
Portugal laurela bhe stilt r«ni€(nb«ri ; and then on lo lUichcn's |-lol«l in 
Fkeauillr. whore «ho ttood looking out of ibe window and woiidt^oif 
wbcn the rrowd would go by : and in ihr cvi-tiiiig >hc wai to tinconsdoua 
of fotiguv from ihia cidtinK journey iliat papa look ber lo tlic llayniarkct 
to we a comcdy^-OHC of the coioitlicf, «he mys, tlial Gcorfte III. UM'd to 
rnjoy k> hi'^ttilv, allliough what sort of comedy it waa we know not, 
unleas, whidi we shivndly suspect, it was a apedoicn of Colmmi Mil- 
Younger, or of ihe MortOD and Reynolds icbooL Sh« hnd seen jilaja 
bc-foro ill a b»ni— but never such n play an thi». TTie whole drvirripiiitn 
of thin trip lo London b as good iu iu way as any thing Kelding himself 
could have doi>«. 

" Dvar papa," in the pride of hi> heart, intSxU^ upon making an accom- 
pUifaed muiiician of her, and would '* slick h«r up " lo Ihe pinno 
attboogh she had noilLer tar, tasto, nor application. Her mamcr wai 
llook, iho fmlier of tlitt foceiioiii Tbi^oilorv, and i>he was laughi in iht' 
scbuotrooiu where MiiiS Landoa passed llie grenlfr part of lier life 
Luckily lh«y bhut her up in a room to mako h^r pracltM.- tlio harp ; and 
oa it wa« full of book* »he ftH lo n-ading, and under these ampicioua 
circuaistaxiccs made her lirst ocquniuiancc with lh« plan of Voltaire and 
Mulwre. Sh« wa« nught in lh« fact of laughing till thu Iran ran down 
bi'^r Ehueks ovrr that pa>Mge in the '* llourgnti* Gcoiilhonime," wli«ro 
Ibu angry father apoklrophisca llic gsllrj, "tjue di.ihle a)toii-il fiiire 
danit ectte gater*- !" A* licr good ilara hail it, she wai di^tcotcd in bar 
di>lin(}u«n«y bv tbo huntiund ul' the schoohntstrw, who bnppeued lo be a 
Frmchman, an adonT of Alolicrc. and u hater of miuic, and vho, inamd 
of chiding her far her ui-gh-ct of llieiastrumvfll, disoiiaivd lh« harp-nb- 
trvM and uiad«' ihv yotini; ttudciit a prou-oi of a chc«p vdition of Mollirs 
for ber ovo reading, which she Itaa to this hour in tnulve unbound 
foreign-looLing litllc voIuomui. 

After the*v soeiiva, we ftnd her in a collage, at Toplow (si Utb time 
s grown-up lady) looking otrr a garden of hoDejaiirklfK. lilivt, onil 
nuce, mnktni; cscursicmn lo Windsor, to Gray's lawu at Stoke I'tfcii.iu 
Burkv'n ill Beavonsfivid, and lo the Collq^e at CbsJfool, when; >liltou 

Itou ^m 


found a rcfuf^o duriag tlu p1ij[ue. We alirftys associalo Miaa Miirord 
nith cottase*. Wc emnnt imagine bcr litin;^ in a aUted hauac, thri>(> 
»tori«s high, with a carnage (vtcvp, and ftcjii up to ihp door — we c^nnol 
stilTer hvT in our icnagiaaiioii to have any of the comrortt! and lolidil^ 
of a vell-buill maD«ion thotit hvt ; ii must be n cottage, with ita ivy 
crccpcn, ila portico aod latticed windows, and everything round it 
lookiu){ is grccD aad rural Of a wildcracsa of trcei and ahrubs, grotring 
up luiurianttv hi a warm hingitid cltiuati;, can make ii. la thort, 
we inuiit nnottior hvr in flovren, or tih« ia not tlir Miss Miiford that wc 
IcDowso nvll iu the pitsloral buoki «hc hu vrittcn. 

TumiDf; from the autobioKrajihioal paxaagct which form so intercHt- 
■Dga purl of the^e TolHmes, thcro are a variety of literary Hkctchm of 
an eqtJally mtroclive kind. Mies Miiford runs over a wide field ol' 
books and recoileeiioni ; and from her estcnciTo octjiiaintanca will) 
literary peoplo, and the desultory character of ber reading, sha aupplins 
iiii abundjini store of anecdote aad mnnrk. 

The foUoviiiig b new, and ficrtainly very mrioui. Th« aoene ia 
ati oltl, wo(>(trn, pictiiri^squc lioune, at Cnrobridge, in Ainericji, odco 
the head qiiortvra uf Waahiiigton. but dow the residence o( Long- 
fullow, the p«et. 

"On* nieht the poM dianoad lo took mn of lii* trindnir, and mw hi; the 
•ngLif ilarllKnt a fl)c>in) riding alowly pa*i Urn manaloii. The face conld nni bo 
diiiiiiRuiihid : lint thn tutl, nrMt pwion, tlivoocked liai^ the trvlliinnalocBtuiue, 
llic oTtcn-dctfribcd vHte hont, all wete prMenc. SIcfwIv k» paced befor* ilie 
bouw, and tlien rctiimviJ. nnd then again Powell by, tSlvc ntliidi ii«lth«r hone nor 
rider wer* aeni sr li^anl of." 

Mias Mitford does not gire us any authority for ihia anecdote ; but 
the cullectora of glioU atoriM arc not very |iariicutar nhout authorltlei^ 
.-ind will be coiilciit to take it u|)on her owu, ai wo do, 

Tliere is a sketch of EUxabcth Uarrelt, and a titllu l>ioi;raphy attached 
to it, which nill be rc«d with interest. Miu Mitford'a ncijuaialance 
with hrr commenced fitXecn yeara a^o. 

■■ Of a slight ilclicau) %ure, wiiti a abower uf dark curis falling iin either title tit 
a in«il eiprrulve face, liiricv tcJiitrr tyn rlelily friiij^il by dark eje liutiet, a 
■mild like a siinheani, niiil mtcli n linih <jf t-outiifulticu, thai I hrul some ditnculty 
in pfiniiiiJtnmi friiiml. in whoM> carrinir* we went tog»ther tn Chiinick, (hat tba 
Iraaalauir 01* tlie ' I'rornclliviit ' "f .^•i^tiyliik.' lh» aiitliiirru "I ths < Ea*ay an 
KNiid,' wu old VBi>u|[1> !<■ W Inlrudumi IntocumpiLny, in teclinlnl langnagn, wn* 

It was in iho following ynr Ihat Mis* liarrclt broke a btood-rccM) 
in the lungs, which cousigoed li«r to a long; il1nc»j. during which »he 
ImI a favourite brother by one of tboic uLiUiicholy accideoti which 
leave inclTitevabk mernoi^ei in the hearts of the survivors. He waa 
drowned, with two companions, in fight of her wiodows at Tortjuay, 
whither ahv was ordered for change of sir. TliU tragedy nearly killed 
her ; and more than n year afterwards, when she was removed to London 
by easy jounieyii, ahv told Mi*» Mitford thai, " during that whole wint^rt 
Ine sound of the wdtcs rang in her farti like the monns of one dyrng." 
William Cobbett wat one of the notabilities to whom Mias Mitford 
wa* introduced by her father, whoac ioiiniacy with him was brought 
about through tbctr mutual attacbnieiit to field vporla. Slie describes 
httu ill his own house as a man of unfailing good hiunour and great 
faenrtiiM^t; tall, stout, and athletic; with a bTi^lit fintile, and an air 
compounded of the soldier and ihc rnmi^r, to which lib habitual rrd 


ontributed not a little. His activity was something to ba 
nbeiedi for he would begin the day by mowing his owd lawn, a 
laboriou paatime in which he beat his gardener, who was esteemed, ex- 
Mat himself, the beat mower in the parish. 

Upon one occasion, Dr. Mitford and bis daughter were invited to Cob- 
bct^a to meet the wife and daughters of a cprtain Dr. Blamire ; and as 
it appeared that Dr. Mitford had formerly flirted with Mr«. Blamire 
Hmo amiisement was expected from seeing how they would meet after a 
lapse of twenty years, both of them having shaken off the old liaison, 
aad married in the meanwhile. 

"Themim diTSrtiiig part of this iceDS, vbtj amuiini; tn a byitander, wai, that 
■T btlwr, the onljr real culprit, wu the only person who throughout maintained 
tW appaai anee and dameanour of the most unconscious iiinoMnce. lie compli- 
■ M led Hra. Blamire on her daughter! (two very fine girli}, — inijuired after hit 
tU fiiend tbe doctor, — and landed and tallied over hy-t;aae storiei with the one 
U7, juK as if he had not jilted her, — and played the kind and attentive huitwnd 
t* the other, JuiC ai if he had never in all hii day> made love to anybody except 
U» own flear wife." 

Fnmerly we frequently met with physicians who belonged to this 
class, and who were indebted for their professional success mainly 
to thdr social tactics and invincible pleasantry ; but although you 
still occasionally fall in with a medical man who considers it as neces- 
sary to cultivate popularity amongst ladies as to attend to the practice 
of his art, the age of the flirt-physicians, we arc happy to believe, has 
passed away. 

Miss Mitford's literary " recollections " bear rather more upon books 
than upon the authors of them. The book-gossip to which she in- 
rites us traverses a considerable round of pocU, novelists, and miscel- 
laneoui writers, and the specimens of their works over which she 
lingers with delight, make a body of extracts which enhance the value 
■na variety of the publication. Her notes upon these selected passages 
discover a geniality and earnestness which will be grateful even to the 
reader who may sometimes have occasion to think that her praise is a 
Htile in excess, or who may doubt the judgmeut that has been shown in 
particular selections. 

This tendency to a good-natured estimate of her favourite authors 
shows itself most conspicuously in her admiration of certain poets, whose 
merits the world has not hitherto rated so highly. We arc not sorry, 
nevertheless, to meet snatches of such people as Mr. Spencer and 
Miss Catherine Fanshawe (whose chief claim to notice is that she 
was the author of the Enigma on the letter H., which used to bo as- 
cribed to Byron) ; for except through the flattering medium of books 
like these, we are not very likely to sec tho vert de iocieli that were 
in such request some fifVy years ago, disinterred for our special de- 
lectation. They are abundantly curious, and discover a certain verbal 
facility and gaiety of the thinnest and airiest kind, which will at least 
amuse, if not instruct, the reader, by setting him thinking of the extinct 
modes and tastes to which they were addressed, and out of which they 
extracted their fugitive popularity. But poetasters of this order, how- 
ever cheeriiilly and successfully they help to shed a grace on private 
life, and to give a sort of intellectual vivacity to social inttrcourse, can 
never be made to survive their hour in print. They must perish with 
the occasion tliat gave them birth ; and you might aa well hope to pro- 



cure for the acted chnriuln, ir it vpto tnkcn di>wn in *hort-hand and 
pUDlithvu, lie (unie fiuccvH in tbp cloeei thai it reccuwi on il« im- 
promptu deliver}', »» lo procure for the gmci-fHl Iriflrs thrown off for 
Irif lUDuicnient of it Mtrie, the honour* of a pfnnan<-nt plnec in tlie 
library. They nev*r ainirj at tucli a destiny, mid otn nnvcr achieve 
It; and it nmj be iloubted whpilipr their fragile cxiRU^ce should be 
risked in print at nil. 

Tttlking of )iot>tB, Is iiut Mi»» Mitfonl a liitli- liAity in »»yinf; thai 
Vnianied authors have l>epn plenliful as hlacHHTrim, bill inarrird 
poclB hflvo bcrn rnrr indeed?" We nppfohend that ihe reverse i* the 
fart. Nearly all our grcol poeia w^re iiinrricd — Shnk'pcnr*-, Spencer, 
Milton, Bjron, Moore, Campbell, Soiitliey, Shelley, Teniiyion —a miit- j 
tor of DO great momrnt in ittclf. rxrept thul it i» just as well ihat tbA* 
uDpoetical part of mankind shauld nut be led to >>uppo>e thai ihpy haTe> 
a monopoly of the bl»s of wedlock, and that the culture of the ideal it 
Ubfavournblr to ihn vulvar comforts of a dimiestic life. J 

or all ihc neglected, forgoittn, or unknown bonks Mim Mitford haa 
brought i« Jifc again, Ihe Autnbiogrnpliy of Holcroft ia the moat de- 
•erviiig of ri'Huscilatiou. We know no mi-nioir of its kind — excepting 
only the one forbidden book in French literature — tbnt pooraiir* its 
charm of frankne**, trulliFulni-w of detail, and cjniet development ofj 
character, lloforiunalrlj' it Is nothing more than a fragment, cooaiil-* 
iDg of seventeen chapters, dicMted by Holcroft (a prolilic auihor and 
tranclaior) in \ut \a^X. illnessi slopping thort at an inleresticiK point in 
hia career, nnd furnishing auth evidences of ulear-aiphted judpment, and 
bappy kkill in r<-laiion and portrniture, as to leave an indelible rejrrct 
upon ike mind of the reader at finding himself past upon the grander 
diction of Haxlitt for the roniinuatioo of the narrative. The eoDtrmit 
is painful. The brilliancy and paradoxinil genius of ilailitt rendered 
him of all men the most nnfit to follow up Ihe unprolvndin^ atrengih 
and Mmpticity of flolrrofV ; and the trnnnlion U tiomething like betnif 
,trBUBponcd from ihe fresh nir and pastoral beauty of a natural lood- 
flcapc into a aeverc Ilalian garden. There was but nnu |ioint in com- 
tnoik between them — and that was the mniit contracted and least charao- 
tciislic of all— tlieir agreement in politics. Holcroft was a man of 
larger power* and a wider range of taatex than might bo predicated ftom 
that parly raurtyrdum which gavi? him ao diatreMing a Doiorieij in the 
latter days of hb life, to the pariia! eclipse of his literary rrputatioo. 
But the luhjcct i> not likely to be revived now, nor wonid it repay th« 
lubouTS of a more competent rditor. Miss Mitfotd, however, haa 
• ell in drawing attention lo Holcrot>'> book, and the ciTracIt ahe bai* 
given from it «ill be r^nd «ilh inlereiti but it i* only from the mem«ir 
itaelf, a* a whole, tracing the courite uf ihe *e1f-educated boy from hia 
origin upwards, that an adetjuaie notion can be formed of the enthralling 
charrn of thai ningiitnr narrative. 

We have e>c««drd our linilta. A goixip, intendrd lo occupy oulj 
live minnlea or ao, has already run over the brim of tbe meafur^ whicb ' 
»c proposed to fill up to ihv heallh of Miar Mitford. Il i> not ihe lirat 
linie ahe haa templed ti* inio an exeeiiB of lhi> kind; hin if the reader 
adl open her lolnmea over the fireside .-u uc have ilmie, we are niii- 
lakon if he do nut Gnd quite ni much diffieully as we do now iu limiting 
tlx-in up and putting them down again. 



M. dc Ia \f«rck was « forrigii ualilviiuin uf lli« l>if(ti(?»t dUlmclioii ; 
he waa le-ry ricti.and had atijuirrj rank in llii; French nnny, Hhich Ka> 
o«It iav to the mitiiary sltvIcp* «liicb he had perfitniicil, foiwi-qin'mly 
hv nctth^^r iiii'dnl a |i1iig^ at court, iinr ■noticT, nor favour. Tor luinMlf 
nor for his family- Hf had imiihtr tusti- iiur aiubiii«ii to iiiicrc«t liim- 
■*lf in pubhc affiiirs, and it' at & later period he mixed himiiftlf up in 
litem, bii conduct nill be necouninl for by drcumttiiiicea, nud hy hit 
di-TOtioD lo lh« roval family, 

It cannot bw dvuinl, iti«relur(>, thai hli opiDioD aad judKinml «ilh 
regard to mf-n and thiti^n, must be of extrvniF niiil rare vikluo in point of 
hiUarj. Conspqu^nitv, before ntirring upon ihi^ r^tatiuna of ih« Count 
d* la Marck vfiiii llit^ Count do Mi rn bean, uhich is ih» principal obji'ci 
of lh« prtricut publicatiuti, 1 bavu tlioughl it tut wril to introduce two 
morv docnioenH which were found of M. d« )a Marck's, upon M. lo 
Marquis dv Lsfnyntp, and upon M. Ip Due d'Orlt>aiiH. These iwu 
UU'Suai, bcnidm. an- mifTicivnlly nAen muntiancd in the cnrroMpiindirnco 
tMitraen MM, di> MirsHpau and dp U March \o make it noceeasry liiat 
Ibo rvlaiion* of iIk- InllPr with ilii-m shiiiild ho thornit^'-hly iindi«r%toGd, 
U well ta hiH opinion uf itiem. bffare the period of the r<9Vululion. 1 
vhall therefore allow M. de la Marck lo speak for hiiusclf. 

■■ I was fl«]uainted with M. de Lafayette many years beforo 1789, 
naj. aloMMt U hi* rntmncr into life ; he lost his father and mother 
vbca he waa tery yauni;, and in I77-}. wbca he wa^ eighteen, he luado 
hU appearatiee in the world with a fortune of 1:^0, u6o lirr>>$ a year. 
Shortly aAenirnrdii he miirrifd one of thi? dauifhitTs of the Duke d' Aycn, 
consrquently be became connected with the I)e Nooillcs, and found hini- 
Kflf thrown at once into the miiivt of n \xr^ circle of their relatione 
He was now ■ member of a family which ecijayvd ai ibis ilniv lh« 
highest fafonr at Venaillcs, and in which [ had been long moat iiitt- 
Rute. M do Lafayette eagerly sought fur what h« ciIImI a diatiu- 
puihtfd appearance io peraoni and thiols, but ouiwithMtandin^ his lovo 
of ihia disriDKuinhfd aptiearani^'', his own msiincn were oxccedin)(ly 
■wliward: he »«<• imnienbely tall, and hiu hair wna veryrttd; he danCM 
ungrucerullvi roilv badly on bortcbnrk, aod the youn^ men with whom 
be mixed all showed tbemiclvea much more ckilful iu the Tarioua 
bodily exerciitf which w«ire iht-n in fathion. At lh« halla which were 
f^lven u Vcr»ailte), of which I have already Rpoken, aud at which th« 
Queen took so much pleasure in dancing quadrilles prrrionily arranned 
hj her, ahe admitted all ihox' young pcr*ons who wore tho most dts- 
tlnguisht^d al court, and ihi^ faroiir wan in coos^^qiiencv hi^'bly prised. 
Throujfh the influence of his wife's rolationi M. dr Lafayitlc wn in* 
Tited to join in on» of tb<mc <|nadrille« ; hut he ronducUnl himMtlf in so 
awkward iim) nbsiird a mantier, that ihe Queen could not help lauj(tiing, 
and, as may he e»ily imafnned, the persons around bvr were noi 
backward in followinj* her example upon Ibi* occniioii. 

" The principal nundM-r of the youni- men wlvo wem M. de Lafayi-tia'a 
companionB bad parentj Mill tiring, and oery litilo munvy to vprnd, 
whiM b» who onjoywd thn full oomtnaiid of hi* fortune, could afford 



raaoy lkiiig« in wtiich tho nthori w#ro forbii)ili>H to inilijl)^ Ho krpt 
up a large and litieral tMablUlimeat, drvw about bim muoli bodelf, 
and ddJKbtcd to rcTcl ia ^ood chnrr. 

" M- le Due d'OrU>nfis usually moved al Moncvaiix in i circle inlo 
which he WHS ralher udttiitlt'd for his gaiety thau his morality. In 
tbu society, the babit of drinkiof; wu carried lo an imtnenac ciccm ; 
to drink inimoilt-ralely bncamc a fatbian among young ])«oi>l(! on ihoir 
onlroucu iuto ll)« world at this period, and M. d« Larav«tte, ibouifrh b« 
bad DO natural propcosity for titin kiiiil of tbiog', would iiot allow him* 
wlf to be wanting in anything which conccrcad good breeding. The 
persou who diBtinguiftlird himtcIF th« moft among all thew young ineD, 
was the Vlscvutit tic NuuilKn, tht bruibrr-iu-law and coutin of M. dc 
l^fityrtti\ Ht> wna tall, and had a*good figure: he danced and rode on 
horseback remarkably well; played for Urg-o turn* at cards, and always 
won ; drank cnornioutily. anil |)unHi;.'<scd the uorortuiiau: passion of 
dciiring to tij^naliu himself in anything which wai likely to produce an 
oftecl, a diepotition which Ivd him into all kinds of orror dunng tho ro- 
volutton. It waa he whom M. de I.afaytti*- selected at hia oiudd, aad 
strove, ihougli wjih little »uccewi, lo follow closelT in bis (teps. I 
remember one day i-C a diuoer which the Vittcount do NnaillM did not 
join, thai M. de Lafayctlo drank to such an extent itiat be was obliged 
to be put in a carriage and tiiken borne: during the tnuitit he never 
crati'd Kaying to lho*c about him, ' Don't forget to ItB NtrtiUf vAttf 
r/nj* druti^kit I fiane ifiiriffed' M. de Lafayette really poaioaMrd, how- 
ever, much more mind than the Viscount de Noaillea, who on the 
contrary was endowvd with excellent qualitiet both of heart and head." 

" M. do Xoailloa potMued nit the naciiliut iiuulilioa of a good soldier, 
and hit courage waa wt extraordinary that it fretiu^nlly oc«aiiioncd him to 
commit very niiih action*. He viiited ['lusriiL, with tho viewof acquaint* 
iiig bimtelf with the orgBniiation and the military wolutiona of its troopii 
Frederick the Second took notice of him, and allowed bim to «crve aa a 
ToluntcoT iii Ilia army, which waa then preparing to march on account of 
tlie warofsucceasion in Uuvaria{ 1778-1 779). But tlie court of Franco, 
on account of it» relation* with A uatria, would not pcnnit French officer* 
to scrAc under the King of PruMio, and the VUcount dc Noaillei reocivud 
an onler to net out immediately for France. On hia return, being atill 
influenced by the love of producing effect, he formed the idea of Roing to 
AiDCiics ond fcrving, in the cauise of tho innuganta, the ifwuc of which 
seenied ttill very doubtful. France hod ■Insdy s«crctly aided the 
Americans in their itruggl«, but not wishing to come to an open rupture 
witli Ent^laiid, ilie avoided any line of conduct which was likely to dis- 
coTCr her plans. The Viscount de Pfonilles solicited hit father-in-law, 
the Duke d'Ayen, to obtain, from M. du Mauivpaa, pein)i«»on for him to 
join tbo iiuurgenU ; and he took care to Ibllow up this step very eognrly. 
Ono day, when he wat discussing the luhjeet witli the Duke d'Ayen, in 
the presence «f M- de Lafayette, the latter, according toliis iinual habit of 
doing whatever his brolher-in-law did, expressed a wiah iiniTiediat«ly lo 
accompany him to America. The Uuke d'Ayen, who was continually ridi- 
cuhiig his »o»-i»'Iaw for what be called his simplicity, iroiiicaily observed to 
him — ' Ifaa Mvch a rtaitatj'nn him itid ntA »eem to be at ail in Aarnu)iij/ 
itithhiitharaeUr' This rejdy very JuM.It irritated M. do Lafayette, and 
I feel convinced that it had con«derable influence upon his aJW lift, it^ 
euiacd bim, frmn tlii* period, to turn all liii ciiergiei in that cUnction in 



which he afltnrards so raalily puraiK^d ha course ; and g&ve to his coniiuct 
tn i>D|)«tut by which he was ever attervrards ur{^^ forward, with s 
power of will with which it It extcctlingly rnn to tncct. Thnrc wtui a 
niu of extraordinary mind and talents, who very much dintirigiiislu^ 
hiinsdrat this period in France. This was the Count de Umdlie, ti-lioBfi 
NCi«t anil <Iipl<>inatic i:om-tponcl«nee with Louin thi; FifWnlh rami* m 
un[>ortant a p&n of tha higtory of the oichteenlh century. He drew 
about him nmiiy youn;; people, and ena^avoured to make hiniielf 
acquainted with tlicir vorioua nivnUtl mdowrociitt : nmong the numWr 
wu M. du Lafayette, who frequented his society. I-Ie spoke to the 
Count of hit wiKh to go to America, and mentioned also the unRuccestful 
rMult of liis application to his &thcr>i»-luiv. Thu Count in Bruglio lent 
S willinK ear to M. de Lafayette's plane; he felt that a young aflicer, 
who wnB fiill of rnthuflissm, and poswsscd considcmblt fortune, might 
serve with great udvuntage in a cause, the iMue of which was certainly 
Mill doublful; but M. de Uroglto yet api)eared to sec, in the diEtonce, 
cireumttaneei which might render it tavaurabl«. Hu encouraged M. de 
Lafaj-ettc, therefore, in his tchetm-, and proniised to g^ve litm all the 
■wiilinco in his power. I'he Count de iln^lic soon met with some 
«fioei> without position or fortune, fr«m whom he piclcod out several 
who wen to serve as an #»cort to M. de Lafayette, who, on hia side, 
placed money at their disposal. The Count dc Umglic caused a sniull 
veucl to b« fitted out lor Ui<*ir itervice, which was to convey them from 
Bonkaux to America. But lliough M. d« Lafayetta made hia prtrparations 
with great sfcntj, the Uulce d'Ayeii, in some way or other, became 
iolbmied of thxonr and, as soon as h« hud dincovcred them, he went nt 
Mica to M. d« Mauivpns, and diKlosed all that be knew. Orders were 
brwarded directly to M. de Fre*nel. the head of tha navy at Bordeaux, 
to take imincdlnlo measures for the d«tcntion of M. de Lafnyctto. It 
WM agT««di at tli« same time, that M< dv Lafayiitte should \x dentrcd to 
fmceed to Avig;non. where he nt.uM find the Duke d'Ayen, who was on 
the point of visiting Italy with his tislpr, the Countess dn Tnui'-, and it 
WW aiieed that he should accompany thcia. M. de Lafayette, who did 
not wiafa to join his father-in-law, on account of his ttmtiugi hiiti with so 
tittle eonndcration, doclined to proceed to Avigrion, and was on tlie point 
tfMttinz out for Paris, when the Rulce de BroKlie enabled him to extricate 
himielf mim hia embamsaing Bituatiun. He (tliv Count de Dn>glic) had 
lo«t no time! in dispatching the vessel wluch had been freiglited at 
Bordeaux, to Uie coast of Spain ; he infotmod U. dc LoJaycttv of this 
circumstaiiev, and beoed him to procrad at once to .Spain, and not to 
think of returning torari*. where the &ilure of his project would only 
npoM biui to ridicule. The courier who ronrcycd the Count de BroKlio') 
kitt«r to M. La&yolte, mot him (31. da Lofayettf) nlready on his wav 
back; but, as soon as M. de I^fkyutle had read the Count de BrogHe s 
ktler, he did not hentato a moment in following; hia advice, and sot Mil 
hmnadiately for the eawt of Spain, where he wsa aoon joined by those 
officers who bail agrved to follow his fortunes. A short time after, they 
oil Kl aail for America, in a small vessel calkd the yictoirr. Thcnoc- 
fortb, M. da Lafayette's actions assume an air of importance, which will 
always occasioo liim to occupy a prominent place in history. 

" The Duke of Orleans will afeo make mmv figure in history, but frotn 
fcr other reasons than M. dc Lafiiyette. I was in such ctoeo rekiliMis with 
him, that I think I bad many opportuuitiei of forming on opinion oflitiu. 



I (hall mention a few facts which aunt under my own ohMtrvation, and 
wtiich will. Ifcel.prov.' that I was in afosition for ituilytnitliis character 
with HTiviwit-ipc T'le Hiilcp of Orlcnns wm cxtiym'-ly WMilt-minrlfd ; 
he wrineil an if lifl «ver preHcrvt'ii lht^ piddiiiess of cliildiiooil, and I haTf 
often beheld him annuel with the mist ah9u^:t and frivolous things. 
H« wax utinMc to fix hiK nttmtion even fnr u qiinrtRr nt »n hour on any 
iniimrlanV fluhjecti his facuH^r vraa limited to makin? a wilty speech 
occasional ly. nr to pronouncinf n few bon woro. He was dreadfiillj 
iiidoli-nt nnil np]varc<3 to manage hi* private aHiiira with to little cxtrlion 
and attention, ttinl one woulJ almost huve nccuaed hira of careletfiiiess 
wilh reipect to them. I r^memher two oirctimstftnces which, 1 think. 
will give an idoa of his n^rbk-se levity. ^^h«n I wsji in In<iin, I ticcame 
a&^iiainted with a M. ile Launay, who was rnmmiiMire de la marine, 
hni performed the duties cf cfimptrollT of the amy under the Count d» 
lluioy. Thin I)i- Launny hud prrviouily made two voyngen to India, 
and had sui^cet^ded in amaasina a fortune of five or six hundred thousand 
livrea. In the pnrforaianc* of hi» dutie* m comrilroller, I discovered that 
h« was a very exact accountant, and ihfugli hv did nnt to»c iijihl of his 
own interest when he could make Icptimale prolit, I always found that 
h« exhibited the tlrictc»t prot.ity in nil the husineiw connected with hi« 
oflwe. He returned to France with me in the frigaH: H^mionr, »nit, 
durinfc Iho whole five monthi of our psissage. he was constantly ne«r me. 
and I had great reanon to thnnk him for his courtesy and attention. I 
vt$ very nnxiou*, therefore, to prove that I wa» not uoRratcful to him ; 
and when, on my return, the Duke of Orleans spolce to me of having th^ 
place of treasurer vacant in his household, and at the same time he 
bcgKCd roe to point out a few pvrjons frnm whom he mif;ht make a 
choice, the idea of obtaining the po^l for M. do Lnnnny «iiggi-sted it«elf 
at once to mc. I mpntioriod him, ncrordingty, to the Duke of Orleans, 
and mid that I wa» acijuaintcd witli him, and knew him lo he a man 
of strict prohity. He replied that such a man would undmibti-dly be in- 
vuluahlo to hiTii, and accordingly mkcd me to send M. de Launay to 
him. I immedialelv informe*! Dc Lamiay of this cinrumslancc. and he 
was delighied at tiie thought of obtaining the post to which I had 
rvrommeniied him ; for, bpiodi-i the honniir of twlng attached to the 
houHuhold of the Duke of Orleans, the hoard, ihc opnrtTnente, and 
other advantaffuB which belonged to the office of trcaturer, amounted 
to the value, at least, uf fnily thounand livres yearly. I gave M. do 
Launny a Utter of introduclitu) to ttic Duke n'f Oilcans, anti denlred 
that he would present it the frdlowing morning. He was very well 
n-coivcd ; he obtained the place, and entered at once upon his new 
duties. The next lime 1 saw the Duke of Orleans, he said to me~' 1 
have converged wilh ymir jn-nlifff, and have made him my treasurer, but 
he is a virry dull and tiniiiierL-ating p-rwin." ' 1 did not know,' replied 
I. 'that you wished to chonae a trensiu'er from among prorrsHCii wits, or 
from th« comfisers of madrigals or epifframs.' 'Oh, when I remark that 
he i> very dull and wi-urying," replied he ; ■ I An not mean to wy that 
I think him unable to fulfil the duties ef his poti ; on the conlrar)'. i 
trust to be pirasod with him,' The Duke of Orleans did, indeed, 
find himself falisfied with M. de Launay'« «ervici-«, nlthnngh he scarcely 
spoke to him five minutes together. He was certainly very fortunate 
in this cose to meet with so honest a man, but I must confesa that 
t ma exceedingly aurpnaed when the priiioe to readily agreed to 



reoeiw a man into hi* houflehold, to piacc liini in a ponition the duties 

whidi were m importftnt, and to which such gtifie reaponutiility 

ros attaclwd, nnd incrrty fmin my siTtijilo ivcomntcndntiiiti. The [>iikQ 

of OrkaoB waa not ini'tv iliificuU to )>\v&av on aiiotlier Oceanian, 

but in th« afTair which I am now going to relate he waj leas lueky. 

Wh«n this pntico wma oxiltHl, !n I787i to VilUn-Coltorrt*, in conM- 

. qimwe of the atandalous Hcene which took place in parllaniont agaiiiit 

king's authority, in which he had acted so prominent a part, 

( happened to be at tny cutatv at Ruiinnri, niutr VulcrictenncMi, witli my 

Tricnd, M. de Meilhan, coinptrollur of H^iiaulL Same letters from 

^^fkiia appntMl lu that M. Ducr«et, the l&thor of Madame de Oenlit. 

cmoecUor of the Dulcu of Orleuni, wo* oUlignl, !» cunwci^uence 

F«r lua cztnvEi|[anre, to quit thia ofRce, which endowed the person who 

lluld it with one hundred thousand livr^s yearly. M. de Mvnlhan, who 

|thoughi it would ju*t suit a lawyer, won very iniich teiiipted tu try to 

[abtaiii it. He aaked me ir I waa in a poaiiion to writv to the Duko of 

a; and to propone him a» a person to fill this post, < I have 

F«ertajnly no scruple about writing,' niid I; 'but I doutit exceedingly 

whether I ^11 succeed.' 

"I wrote to the DukoorOrL>Anft,and dispatched my lett«r by one of my 

. to VillT^rv-Cuttereti, and he was not long in bringing mu lui 

F>D*<r«r. 1'he Duke of Orleans told me that he felt very much dispoeed 

< fix upon M. do Meiliian, but that h«> was mtlmr rinburrosscd on ac- 

I taunt ofhavin]^ lialf promivcd th« oHice to aumclHidy elte: he added Uiat 

Iba would not hsftily elect any one, and desired to see nw befiire he CAma 

to ■ final derision, when lii- cuuld enter more into details with me. The 

Duke of Orleans was at misi^rabk at beinu bani*hed to Viller»>&>tten;ti 

1 child would be were he d«pTiviKl ofhis playthingi. He solicited the 

I king^s pennisaion to spend cht^ time during w)]ich hi« exile latt^id, at hia 

I of Raincy, whicii wa» thrci; k-aguea from the vaplt&l. So pcrsv- 

,1y did he beg for this favour, that he lost ail becominfC sense of 

f-di^mty. Hit request waa f;ranted, and it wot there that 1 visited him 

[ftlto' my return to I'aris. As svon 04 we hod exchanged a few words 

[mbout the cirouDHtonee which oci^OKloned hit bontahmenl, 1 proceeded at 

anet to ditcvn the aflur of hi. d? Meilhan. llu utuMved to me that, 

M. de Meilhan vtoutd have suited him on chancellor, because ho wo* k 

Bua of the world of superior mind, and n ma^i^btrute, who boruu very 

kig^ reputation : but that it hod boon Mvrnd time* a i^ucRtiutt of inuking 

bim conlrAleur-general of the tinancial department, and thai he was well 

aw«n thst M- de MeiUian uraa ratlier ambitious to be raited to tliat 


" 'TlKrefore, a difficulty would at once arise,' said he, 'tat, in creating 
him my <:h)inr«Uar, I should have extracted a promise from him never to 
enter the wrvice of the kino. But, besides, I have onotlicr roason for 
pving up all (deaofM. de Mi'ilhHii. Tht< Due de Lauxun is well ac- 
\ qoainted with H. <te la Touclie, a capt&in in the navy, who cunimunded 
I tlH* tn^la in which he ciune bock from Anicricn. It it now nx months 
■go nnoe Lanzun, who foresaw thai Dui^rest could not lun|; leuialii my 
chaneelloT. proposed M. de la Tauehe to nie. of whom, however, t 
know nothint; pemnnally. He liiu Uttrty renewed the aubjecC, I have 
consented to elect M. de Is Touche as my chancellor, and he will be 
nominated in a few days.' After some moments' silenoo he added. ' I 
believst however, that I Imve uuide a bod choice.' M. de U Touche did 



not. in Act, undoratajid aiiytliing ubout tniunew; lie did not 
much intcUigence. and fivqtientcd rery bod company; he was exccedngi 
cxtT&vaitant. very disorderly in the mnnagcmcnt of his KfTain. u wdl 
tboM of the I>u1<i! of Orleuni ; but ha wan a ion oicanl, and a good ci 
panton. It must be confciacd, however, tlial if the Duke of Orl< 
made in Ihia inBt&n<« an unfartunnte choice of a chancellor in th« penoa. 
ottS-ie \m Toucliu, hu had tiol been more happy io the selecUon of hi* 
pTedeReMOr, M. Ducrest, who totally wanted resptctability. 

" Thcte two facts connected with MM. itt Launay and de U ToiuJia 
will suffice I think to •upport my opinion with n^tri to the levity of 
the Duke of Oilcans in matters of importance. But the mott incompro* 
hcmlblo thin^ in, how this lority could be rrconciled wStli the extreme, 
(an he cnttMtained of being niadc a dupe, or seeming to have been iQSdS' 
one. At play he ihowed a peat deal of Mif-intcrest, atiti wa» very <«f(r 
to win, which occasioned him tt upfi^T avariciou* ; wliilu on the con- 
trary, he "ijuaiidfn.'d large sums for the indulgence of the moul ^oseing 
whim. I am quite conviiiciyl, howc'vor, that ev«n if the Tt- volution had 
not occumid. hi* ufTuirs would have liven in a (vw years in tlie mo«t 
friehtful disorder. He was very fond of Ihe pleosuroa of tho tabloi and 
indiil^l frwiy ill wine, tml vet I never «aw him, at any time, in a rtata 
of coniplcle drunki'iiiieaa. The fnifiiluh of bis «ociety, however, were 
often in this condition, nnd he utcd to amuie hiuiMiif famously at thvir 
exfieiiee. Hie frcqui-iil vinilii to Eiiglund, and liti iiitimat« relations with 
the Piincc of W'aku, confimied him in this mode of life, and in the in- 
clination and the desire of forniing a party to opputc the |{overnniCDt. 
Durinji the few years he was in the liubil of givinc iupper« at liis litlW 
place of Moiiceniix, four or £ve women of llio mott (hart^putuble character, 
and about a doscn men, (tencThily made up these parties. As these 
tame wonMtn were ncnrly alwnyii preterit, their yrewnco did not oxcita 
much inleri-st, nor totttrilute much tothe gaiety outheaeoccaaiona Bcfon 
md aflcr supper cvi-rybod,v Rought aniuticmcnt at the Ksmo of " Krebs," 
or of "Trente et Quaraute," and during Buppcr wine and good ehwr 
caused the wowen to bo cnmplotcly forgotten. 

" In 1787 the Duke of Orleuits fell in love with Mmc. dc Buffon. and 
from this time women wore no longiT leen at Moncenux. The Uukc of 
Oileana was very sincerely and warmly loved by Mme. de DuCToii. She 
was not B person of any cxtruonliiiury iulcll igcncc, but her manners vrcra 
full of tfraee. and herexceuive gentli^neti rendered her extramitly attrsfr* 
tive. She hod not the facully foi: intrigue, neilher had the the incUni 
tion for it. She sacrificed a great d«al to tin: Duke of Orleans when 
publicly acknowledged her liaiton with him, for the was at once excluded 
from all the good society in which she had fonneriy moved. She quitted 
her husband, and lived ujion a very small fortune, to which the duke never 
added. She was not at all jealous, and never attempted to induce the 
Duke of OrWni to withdraw hi* attontiuns fiom Mmo. do Genlis, 
whom slie rvgarded as a superior peraon, who ivas capehlu of giving 
him very (tM>d adviee. I know witJi certainty that at the coniiDeiicc- 
inent of the Fronch revolution, when tlic Duko of Orleans wa« in Eng- 
land, that he begird BufTon most eagerly to acoompany him 
Io America, with a view of their living together in that wuntry. 
But she would nut A'gfx to tlnii propuritioii, and she mentioned as a 
teason for refusing, that she should never survive the unhappinesa whidi 
rile ttiould experience if the duke should ouo day regret haviug taken so 





•xUeme a measure. I know «c|us1ly noil, too, that after thp murder of 
ttw Prinoene do Lainbal](>, and during tlie trial of the Kini;, tlial the 
implOTMl the Duke d'Orlcuni to Hy tho «vil couniel oftltottc pcnoiia who 
wen influencing Kim, and that she then tpoke to him with ooiwiderabI« 
fiimotM and severil)'. 

"The oondtid of the Vukv of Orlean*, during tlie Ituvnlution, ii ea 
wtH hDOwn that 1 have n« intention of alluding t? it in these observa- 
tiong; bMidtir from tht; year 1790 I no longer Iwld intimate rulalions 
with him. I must, liowHV«r. remark, that 1 do nut tlititk Im «vrr 
formed tli« (chcme of taking poascuion of lh« thronr. 1 knovr that 
thit opinion hfu b«cti univ^nally receiveii, and will probably Iw ein- 
braoed hy luBtorjr ; but ai far as I am concerned. I canni>t h«1p 
tUoldtig that it ia vcr>- ill-founded; the Dudacity of the Duko of 
Oriaoni luver rooc to (uch a height. In Ibe month of July, 17&R, 
if the rioter* had succeeded in driving Louis the SixUxiilh Irom the 
throne, it is< pcrhap«, not at all u^lik<^Iy tbut Ihcy would have nu»ed 
him lo that potitiiin ; but I am thoroughly conrinced that he hiniMlf 
bad not preTiously even thought of tiuch an event. AccurdiM); Lo my 
Dolioo, Uicfelbrt, aiiothi-r expUnatlun for tliu Duke of Orleans's con- 
duct during tlie revolution must be found, and I do not think I am 
nuclaken when I attribute it to n bitter feeling of hatred, which m 
mnpletdy ruled hin diaposilion, that it pervaded all hiii aciiunt. 

" The violent antipathy which the l>uke of Orleans had conceited for 
tho King and the royal bmily, and ihc ihirat for vengeance, which wua 
il< coRiter]uciic«, might be dated from a ptiriod long before the Revolution. 
Many unfortunate cireumtlancea served to beget and to nounih in the 
prince tbli unhappy frame of mind. Louis the Sixteenth, on ootniiig 
to Uic throne, had been vrry anxious to tjanitih from his court the dissa> 
iut« mannen which hod cast such a stain on the preceding reign, and 
thrreforo he was not long befbie ho teotilicd his dii^pIvH>iiro at the Uuke 
of Orlcana'i conduct, who wu then Due dc Churtrf* ; it appeared to him 
to bt u thoroughly wanting in decency, that he told the duke whnt he 
lluu^t of it with the nbniplnets which was peculiar to him. Tlio 
QueeOt who wb* still young, waa ntlher diicpoMd to like the Duke of 
Oricaot, who, bcBidei, was much in the lociety of M. 1e Coroto d*Artoi*; 
bat a circumstance of little importnnco in itself totally dimigcd tlic nature 
of Ute QuMn'H firaltngs towards him. 1 cannot reiiist alluding to this cir- 
euQUtaaee, which I do not lind mentioned by any hiBtorian or writer of 

" At the beginning of the year Mii, the Arcliduke Maximitien of 
Atutris. who was about fourle«D, and the brother of Mane Antoinette, 
puid a vitit lo l^ris; he proceeded first to BnuaeU, in order to bo crmtod 
Co-adjuteur de la Qrande-mattrise of Ibe Teutonic Order, and afterwards 
to Cologne, to become Princo.^lecteur. Tliis young prince Iravellcid 
m<v<fuilo under the title uf the Cointe de Buff^u ; he was accompanied 
by the Comtes do Roienberj and De Lamberg. who liad rcceiveil |>arti- 
cular inttructions from the Einpri?iis Marie Th^r^tc, with regard to the 
ditaction of Um young prince's conduct during hi» itay in Paris. Thii 
wm the first time Marie Antoinette had seen any member of her family 
•illM sho bad quitted Vicnnn, cnnnctiiK'titly hrr delight on this occasion 
WM very unthiMastio, and Die archduke pniMed the fini days after his 
urival at Vcnaillet quite alone with the Queen, who whs not initialed 
by toy ana into Uio duties which the position of the archduke impoivd 



upon hint. Willio'il entering into a ilinciiKiiSnn rrnpcirTing the ranV of ih* 
archdukes of Ausiriii, and ihiit 'if tli« priiirtM of llie Uniiil-roynl : 't wi" 
bo stiffiMcnt la wiy thai, dmilitleB!. it waa iho archduke, who. tniwUing 
inamtito, ouglit to h.tve ma<lo the firat v'i«it to thi: )>nnri'a of the House 
of Orleana, to fiowof thu Maiion tie Cond^ n*C'>nti, niii Pc Pentliu'vrc. 
But tht* etiquette he di<l not nnfoKunnlely observe on the first o^cuion 
of hia journeying tront Vonmillr* to P«rin, <:oii«njiipntIy these princes 
imn^neii that thii wunt of atlentiin was n picwe of asiuniptiim i>n the 
pnrt Af the Archdiili« of Austria, ex il leemod tn prove that h« expected 
the first viait to oome from thmn ; ihry were nittiimlly mu*h surprioed 
at l)ii« breach of good-brMding, and, consequently, showed contidenble 

" I happened to b« on the upol, and <ms «H« fairly to ju^^ th« whole 
State of the case ; ntul, if I coiifeia that the B'rench princea had naMD to 
1)c otTundvd, I miut aUo itnte (hat on the Queen't «ide, there «■&> iko 
intention of w on tiding thnnk. ^hc tvn* yonng, !n«xpt!ri<!Tici;d, and totatl^r 
ignorant of the nil« of etiquette laid down by the Cf>urt of Prancfi; and 
uiifoilunately, na I mentioned beforv, nolxicfy took paint to niake her 
■Cijunintcd wfilh thtm. She "a* cufEerly looking furvrard to the prirtot* 
givingyS/M in. honour of her bruthcr; eight or ten days had already 
(MMed ttVfsy since his nrrivftl, when her maji^sty «po)[o to me of the 
niilotii»liincnt which rfit? felt lit the princes' I jeh a vl our to itie archdulce. 
%e wai more especially pained that the l>uir de Chartrea to whom dtc 
bad always been parlicnlarly Icind iknd gmriDii*, nhoiild ho wanting in 
attention to her brother, and what was worse, «he lenmed that he was 
niore uffenrlcd 01) this ociuuion than any other of the prinoe*. Bcfoni 
this period, the Duo de Chutres Iran in iho habit of g*>inj to VerraillM 
«Yory day, and he had not paid one visit »ince the archduke'a arrirol. 

* My iitnorance of the curioms of the court, and my inexperienee in 
mnttent nf this kind, rendered me, aloa' incompetent to correct the 
Queen's falfc notion on thi) hcnd ; I perceived her aniioyaiico, but could 
only participate in il. 1 fnw the Qiie«ii a^n the dny foltowins that on 
which the Br*t Npolic to ine on the auhject, and 1 told her that I hnd been 
planning to aisemble nil the vnuns people who were niott dislingtiiahcd 
at court, in order that a ffte inigTit bo ^nven in honour to the yi^une 
arrhdukc. Sh« wni so <lelight«l at tliia idea of mine, that waen 1 
quitted lier I proceeded at once to those of my friends who would be Vmt 
most anxious to put themselves nut of the way to please Ihe Queen. I 
did not find thf h-aiit diHicuIty in geiting tbi.- Nonilk-j, DurTirt, Tavannea, 
S^ur, &C| to enter into my plana, nnd it was agreed that we should ask 
Monsieur le comic de Frovriic*. and the Comtc d'Artois to place theni- 
edre* at our head ; they complied with our request in the inoct licarty 

" Oiir./(S/< was very well nrmngcd. and wiu irra^ifioent ; it was pTen 
in the King's iljite- stables ; the riding-ichuol wiis dt-coruied for the oecanon, 
and Kime temporary apartmi'iit* were apcedily crceti-d. There waa a full 
drOM ball in the evening, at which wen* dnneed Miin^rian and Flemish 
quadrillea ; there w^i a ih'?atrical ropreeentalion, a splmdid supper, and 
a fiiiri there wa» an eiidlens variety of gaitics, in short, everylliing 
vrhieb waa likely to afford amusement for th<- tpaee of eight hours. 
t\m Jfl* conaidc.'aUy increased the discontent at the Princes of tha 
Uood-Rayal; ami from (hat day the Queen, who did not know how to 
di»niiniht« her displeasure, behaved with lystematic eoldnca* la tht 



Due j« Chartret ; and, on his side, he, or a]) t)ie pHncci, clupla)-«d the 
mo*t iJl-humoiir, and n^taiiicd it the lonjiest, in coiiseqiieiiee of the unfur- 
Ittnit* eirctitniitiincc vtWuh I havo Jiut rrlntcd. lie wu obnen-ed from 

. tlus time ««j^rly lo mizb every ofjporluoity to bliimi! the Qiiiwn't pro- 
eMdinifi, and to ridicule her for her iiilimacy with the Polignac Mciety, 
ai iv<-II ai th« inembeni of it thi^niielviM. il<- wm tiot mom spuHnit to 
the Kinp ; for inatancei be kneVf very well lliat Lotiis the Sixti-mth dia- 
likcd EngtiBh aiitoiDs and fothions rxcccdinj;!)-, this waa suiTidcnt to 
make him adopt Ihcm ; and whenever ho had to mnkc his ai>i>.'Branc« 
baivn the King he took care to c&rry his adoption of tJi«m to the grr4itest 

" It was i^nenilly coniidi.Tvd etiquette that thoac who hunted with the 
Kl4< ahould Ante in Frenrh carrtngcs, hut this custom was not nspwtcd 
bf tMDuk« of Orlnaik*, tor he did not hesitate to thow himsflf in an 
Knulish equipotfc ul theie huittitig pnrtiee. Tho frruat guod nature of the 
Kinj;, and, p«iha|)«, slso n little wriikni.'s* on his part, mode him pass 
ovrr this brrach of uti<iuetli; as well a« many other niaiks of disrespect, 
th«ufth lie was ft«iuciilly much vexed with the Prince. 

Sucb want of dcforcncir would nut have been endured by Lrf>uis the 
FteftMnlh, nor even l>y Loiii* tlie Fifieeitth. However, it is a well- 
Mtattished fact, that ahTiotl from the coiimietic«i»e[tt of Luuia ihc Six- 
Iwnth's rvign. <hc Dulcc of Ottcnn* liv^it to annoy the court by continual 
oiviDing about triilea, or by placiiig himself in oppositioti to ihc f^vem- 
ment. I cannot lesist eivini; an example of this ' Much ailo about 
Notlum;.' Hi> lather, tne big Dakv of Orleaiw, was the fint I'rincc of 
the UoM-royal, and, in right of thiH dignity, he hod in hit cttablishment 
■ great many icrvunts who were paid by the King. At kit death, the 
Due de Chartres would succeed hicn, but would be deprived of the privi- 
legea and adviiiitiif^a of his fntiit^T'i rank, (at with thi-m, the Due d'An- 
goulrmc, the eldest boo of the Comte d'Artois, would be iiivnted. 
However, a few dayi before the death of his father, the Duke of Orleone 
nid cetiftdvntially to me, tliat he hnd been itifomied iiioil decidvdiy, 
though in an indirect way, thnl he had only to a!.k the King's permiieion 
to pmerre the rank of hnt prince of the blood roynl, and that it would 
be Enmiodiiitely granted him. 1 haaleiied to o)for him my eonnvlulo- 
liona on the Hul'jeci, when, to my peat astonishment, he remarkca, ' Vou 
BIB quite misiiikcn, I shall never make the request, and I don't care for 
the fiivoitT whteh a offered me.' — ' Hut what then V — ■ You don't per- 
Ofive, (hen.* observed he. ' that they only wi«h me lo be first prince of th« 
blood royal, bi-cniiie the Qitrcn wishes the chlldivii of M. If Comte 
d'Artois to b«ar the title of FiU de Kranc>e.' — ' Weil.' exclaimed I, ' what 
on earth hu that lo do with you 7 — at any rate, mecept the advontaf^ 
which foil to your lot." — ' No, I will not be their dupe, I will not be tint 
prinee of the blood-tuyal ; M. le Due d'Aiif^oulme ou^^ht to enjoy that 
nuik, and eonsi-^iienily ciuinot I* FiU de France.' Thus, by rexinr and 
wearying the Qutren, he prevented himself fiom enjoyini; a certain advw 
tOKe.aiid did la«ltnj[harm to himself. Things happen^Kl juat as I expected ; 
ho WM not made first prince of the ttlood-royal, and trie two ions of M. 
le Comttfd'Artoia had bestowed on them the rank of Fib de France. 
" Two cireumslanees of t graver naturo contributed materially to 

I IneraoM Um diwMntciit of the Uiike of Orleans aguimt the couit and 
government ; the one iras the mortiiication with which he met at Uie 
tiigagenMUt whidi tuuk place «i OuUHuit, and the oth«r was the refuwl 





of lliB poet of liigh-odnilral, whidi hu lisd HoUnted from the King. 
n«nrd to the lint point, it has been snce clearly proved th&t pubtJCi 
opiniun WRK alt«g<'t)ier wronfr, and thnt the princo had diitingutahed hir 
•df by exlraorilinary braV(.Ty during the yrho\t of the t»i«« that tl__ 
enjMenwnt of OucMUnt Instvd. The Oukc of Orleaiu wu not, honerer,'' 
Ui« »u cyaip«rnt4>d at tiiis faUi^ accuia(i«n which ma brought Bgatnat 
his courage ; nnd when, at n Ial«r period he ffw ceftu«d the poat of 
high^dininil, lie vm dotilily irrilnttK!. From thix tangled and fatal chaint] 
of petty cavillm]:; Mwoen the court mid the Duku ofOrtcani, and from 
a few othvr faultit of a mnro or ]em gntve nature, sprang up the tin- 
fortunnle Prince's hatred, wlikh drov« him to >uch lengths at the ooin- 
nuinccment of the revolution. 

•■ Juitice and impartiality mnlce it my duty, befoi« I finish this slight 
itk«tch of the Duke of Orkani, to mention some of tlie good quolitiM 
which I noticed in him. He urfts ia one particular very diBvrent to 
most princita, liv utwuya ftinnsl to throw cnmtriLint over ihow pervons, 
to whHtever rank or poiilion they might belong, whom he cntertoinwl 
himsvli', or whom he met in society ; on th« contrary, he took great pains ' 
to put them thoroughly at thdir cane ; fur thin he found nececsarv to bia 
own comfort, as he could not bear to be under any r^tniint ; and no- 
thing embarra*«cd him more t)ian to meet with people who wvr« lh<.tii* 

Ires much einbarrasied. He allowed his wit and gaiety fuU play, but 
malice was erer mixed up with it, 

" He po9«e*«cd alio many qualities which in general are only to ho 
Ivund in thote who have good hearts. I once vritnceicd a nrcum- 
■Inncc whicli showed that he was not without conniiJcnillG fwling. Ha 
was pamioiiately fond of shooting, and in fact ivas a vcrv finit-mt*] 
shot. One day in I7SS he happened to be shuoting in a vineyard, whtcb 
wui loaded with grapes, but he Imd exprcanly forbidden those who 
accompanied him tn touch thiMic grBpon. He T<-ry soon stttrlcd u par-, 
tridge, and ininicdial«ly diacltarged his shot to bring it down, for he did 
not perceive anybody in his way, but, at the very moniciil at which h» 
fired off hii gun hi* eoureitr, whose name won Joseph, liad crauched him- 
Hlf on the ground, in order to eat some gmpes, and the bulls entered hia 
shoulder and hia thruut, at which lie sprang up irnniediately. Tho 
wound was a very tcrioui unr, thougk not niortal. The duke dart4.>d 
fbrword to his atlctidunt's asHintance, and dtBplnyrd tlie utmost dismay 
and grief at the accidenl ; he solely occupied himBelf anxiously in en- 
dmvouriiig to take care of him, and conveying him from tlie spot, and 
«vcTy day till he was c>uiiiplete]y cured he mode a point of viutmg him. 
Ho assured to htm a ver)- comtbrtablo lot, and exempted him from all 
alt<ndance upon himself. 

" After this accident the Duke of Orleana entirely gave up shooting* 
He baa told me many timea since, that whenever be took a gun in hi« 
hand h« was s«wd with a fit of nervous shivering, and that he could 
alwsvs fancy be saw a man standing at the point of hia gun. 

"'Ifho UukeofOduaoa was most icnipiilougiy exact in kcepirtg his 
W«rd ; he considered that his huiiour viiu vngngi-d in fulfilling anything 

Zfouhing to a promise, in however imprudent a nioiitciit it might 
iMO to have hata uttered. He was retiring and rather nerrous, aiid 
fifit readily cmbomuaed when ho was culled upon t» alter his usual 
tiabits. This perliapi is a detecl in a prince ; but it is a d«fvct which 
"wn is gciK-rally iiuited to amiability and goodness of heart. The 



Dillw of OTt(!ank could never mlircly iiiircced iti overcoming t)ii« Mnw of 
dniidity. lie could never manoge to speak in public. U[>vii one 
oixanon of the tiieetiiig of Parliiinicnt he was anxious to oipote the 
lung's views, and a fev words bad been prepnicd, and written donn for 
him, vthich hv WM expected to rc^it« ; but jiut as be wos going to nad 
tbeiD )k Telt himtelf pvrplexed.Hiid sUmincred to niucli that he could 
•cwcely be hc«rd. The nmtf thiufi; hapfwrnnl at t)ic meeting of tho 
Sutc»-GcQ«rnt. Il« hod promiicd lonio &iendi to apcBk in the Chumlie 
de la Noblewo in order to pemiade the minority to pus over to the 
Chambre du Tiers, Tins tinit also a few lines were put on paper for him, 
but when be nu oa the point of beginniiiK to read he bunted anay, and 
it «a* necessary to open the windows to restore hi* consciouuiesB. AlasI 
alaa I is it possible to tma^tae that a character of this stamp could, during 
the revolution, be led to cominit horror on horror, and at last consent to 
vote for the death of the head of his house { It is iinrurtunnlcly, how- 
•wr, in thifi very weakness and timidity that we must seek fur the 
explanMion of his conduct. lie was luiroundcd, and drogacd forward by 
bod men, who held him completely in their power, and lie v,m urged on 
from one step to another till ho found it ifrposaiUe to draw baclc." 

At this point the Count dc la Marck's obncrvations upon Che pereons 
whoK portraits he wiahc^d to sketch break off tudctenly. He has ntid 
sneu^, however, to prove th« iTnfiartiality of his opinion with regard to 
tlicm : this lie fonniAl fruni facts tvliich pawed under liis own eyes ; and 
from the manner in which these fiictg are related, there cannot be the 
kaat doubt rcspocting the «cnipiilou« cxnctm?i» of the narrator. I shall 
now, by till- oid of et[iiil&r, though fnr more detached rennarks, endeavour 
to place before the reader the precise nature of the relations which ex> 
iited betwem the Count de la Marck and Mimbrau, before they tecanie 
BO inltmatcly connected' Tlie Count lie la Itliirek, who was a sensible 
man, and endowed with a spirit of observation, took singular f^^lcosuro in 
making the acquaintance, and in studying tho character, of romaikable 
men, even out of ihul range of socictjr in which his duties, his rank, and 
hi* family connections plated him. In this society, as he declares hint- 
self^ men were not much appreciated for their mind or their talents; 
peraonal good conducl, and lulmiiinion lo the irgulationi and habit* of 
the CMirt Were sure to nieet with a far speedier, and more certain reward 
than r^ualitics of a mnro brilliant nature; therrfnm prcfrrrncc was fre- 
qui-ntly shown to mediocrity. It will be rendily understood that it 
was nut in sodety like this that the Count de k Msrck was likely 
la iDMt Hirabeau, who wax already becoming celebrated on accotutt of 
Tuiou* works which he had published, and in consequence of a law>niit 
whldi hod beco carried on ugaititl him, as well as ^om the persecution 
with which he met from his father. 

M. Sense d« Meillian. who has alrondy been mentinued, was the 6r*t 
perooii, in 1788. wlju invited lh« Count de la Marck to make the ac- 
quaintance of Mirabcnu. The idea was eagerly utibraoed by the Count, 
and it wa* agreed tliat M. do Moiihin should get the Count de ilimbeau 
to go with hint lo dine at the I'rinco de Coix, the ^vcmor of Versailles. 
On this occasion there werv BMcmblcd, bcMdcs the Princess de Poix, the 
Count and Countets de Tesse, M. de Mun, and the Vitcotmt d« Ptueilks 
who ««re all equally anxious and curious to sec Alirabeau. When M. 
de la Marck law Alirabeau enter lliu room he was exceedingly struck by 
his uppi-arancc. lln was very tall, and his figure was »iuate and ttiickly 
•rt; bis head, which was by nature larger tlian must persons, looked 



mIK MTin M «n BMount of the Iiuge qunnlit; of pon-dovd hiiir which ha 
^HMk il« **^i drr«Md in « commonly cut coat, which had Uittons of 
liluaiiil mone. of an oatrnMOui toe : his thoe buclclm wcrt equnll)- 
lauminin Thi: (eAtttrvi oT hit &M v«t« much ditfigured bjr mark* 
•r Um •mall pox. the cxprcMion of hi» cowttitariM) could not cttcil/ be 
IMd,lmt hit e/M were full of Rre. In within^ tn Iw fA\x» hi> made 
tlte moflt «saagent«d bAwa, and the fird words nliich he ultcrcd were 
tome laboured oomplttncntt, which were undoubtedly «icMn««)y vulgar. 
In ihort )in poMMwd neither itie langitn^, manner*, nor hahit« of the 
aociety in which he wb< thrown ; and ihougbi owing 1o his btrtli, he 
■Iwayt wniortvd with tho»c kind cf ptmni who now entcrliiinrd him, 
one could euily pi-rrt-iv(- that he lacked that ease nf d«j>ortn)unt which U 
to be obterv«d i» |K-r«ciitfl who mix in the great world. 

Duhng dinner, ronvcnation chiefly fell upon commoa-plooc auljecU. 
Thii did not, huwover, prevent Mirab«au froni making, occasionally, 
•ome cxtreni«ly witty ana aparklirig lymarks, but, unfortunately, spoilt 
all hy Ilia cvr«iiioiii'>uri and laboured poliicn<sii. Hit want of c»k and 
mfliienient ku t'urt>*^x'°rly ftrikitif; wlivn he adt1r««iL'd ladie*. Rut 
when, uftiT (litmcr, M. lit- Mcilhan bToiight the conTermtion round to 
politics aii<l tho udmini'lrBlion, all thut appi-arcd ndiculout in the 
depoitmert of Hirabeau iniawdiau>ly ranialied. Then those who wen 
l>rc(viit confiitcd themtelvet in wondering at the i-xtroord inory fluency of 
thought which MiialcBu poFac»cd, and at the clearsightMnew of hit 
vitwK, atid everybody wni conipktc'ly carried awny by hii brilliant and 
encrgclif way of cxpretMiig hinifelf. M, dr Li Miirck contriTed to setM 
an ojipoilunily of chatting aside with Mirabesu about Geimany, A ftw 
of hit workt on tliia country had already appeared, and M. de la Marck 
obwrred that he even ipuke bt-ttcr on the (ubjccL than be liad tentteo. 
He was, tin the whole, so pUaaed with hi* ronvcntation, that he r» 
aolved to lee him again. MiruUnu foomed, eunoutly enough, to mnt 
his winhea, fur he asked him to vinit him. This invitation wu ac- 
cepted with 8ut.'h cagcmete, that Mirabeau was »t onte- convinced of tlie 
extreme intvirwt with which he hod innpired th« Count de la Marck, 
and n mutual promise wns made to meet very shortly. The Count 
(le la Marck (dntrs an anecdote in connection with thii dinnei' 
whidi U father amusing M, Neckcr was almost nn object of wonhip 
lo mult of the pcnioni who •ncn: prcii'ni on this occasion. Mira* 
beau attacked, with ^at wannth, tliK geni-nil policy and the adminii* 
tratire talent of the contrfilcur-gc-nenil. The friuce dc Poix, nhu road 
veiY tittle, and waa tiiuch an eourant tft/evr in public affoirs, did not 
catch the tenoe of Alirabeau's obtttrvalions. M. de Meilhai), as far as he 
c04iM. endeavoured to change tho conversat ioti whenerer the ii»n« of 
M. Meeker was mentioned ; but, just as U imbeau was preparirig to take 
hit depaiture, M. de Poix being fully periuaded that everybody shared 
hi* ofiinion with n-garJ to M. Necker, and his admiratton of hiui, 
det'iiricd bin), and auid — 

" One moment more. We have not yet apokeu of M. Ni-eber. Ah, 
tliat is an extraordinary man ! " 

llie Count dc Miiabeau, who wjis much *ur(tised at this apofitophe, 
seemed for on iiistanl quite einbatraaaed ; then, suddenly retiring a itep 
or two, he ir^<U- a [lofunncl i<>w to the Prince d« I'oix, and said — 

•' Ah, trut;, hr in an i-xetHent jki^ler 1 "' 

The piinve did not know how to ii-ply to this exlnturdirmry cpwch, t9 
both bowed and moved away. 





Ir wu alrvady |>a>t niiJiiiglit wlieii the roogiatratc luni«d liis licad 
kiuikI to the ulhor side, so aa lo we ilie niuou betler thnni^li [lir li-aviii 
of lltv nrl>»iir ahnrv be sat. The flowpnt atnclt freoh iu the warm uight 
ur, otiil ilic whole icarJfii nwnni ill alniust magic lig^ht, for the full moon 
«u hi^b in lite aky, and only darkened by • Uttli- iran»|iHrfiiL cloud 
pa»u>g u\er h. It 'niu, hctiwiily in llic nrbtiur. Thr magiiiiral« had 
alrmdy sal Uii>re many houm {(axicg uii \hv cWr starry night. fl« 
WAi acarcrly oonsciom how happy be wa^. Nature lay arouoiJ faiiii a% » 
voM uuKvealiKl my$Ury, tuid ho rc|>(Mcd in tho inid*t of all htr woiidrra 
like a child I 

The iDoon had alwaya laved this good iiiai;istraU>. Whi-n he was ■ 
liule bov he often hud «iood for bourn nt tlic v.indow of httt room fiaxing 
tt iLe clouds, and waichiii^ iht- wuud«rtiil rings ihal euciicW ilw uhkir. 
As Ix ui DOS, uit lliiit very iii^'ht, looking ai the moon, adiuirin^ th« 
beuUiful halo and ihc priiualic colouri around her, the wondvrs of a 
•iDiHiicr'* night M«n)ed all ut once to Im revMiW lt> him. lir In-ht'ld ■ 
light shining Udder docrnd. as il were, plainly and Jtlonly from the 
DOOB. linking loavr and lomcr until tho Usi itcp touched the honey, 
fuchle bower »here lie *at. By dp^rocB the laddvr appeared lo brcnm« 
■troogcT, lintwr, and siill more vixilile. Tli<^re waa aim a great agita- 
tion md murement goiufc forward oti il — U]! and do^n, in and oul, like 
the falling tuow'flakvs. llu heard clear ailvttr voices singing in (he 
very ubour cUiw to hu car. and the whole garden nevuiml tu have 
beeotue animated. The tops uf iho Irima uiuiinured iuftly lu racli oilier, 
and ihe young boughs ruetlrd lustily, at they never were lieo/d tv du iu 
Ilia day. 

Soft artas Talaed him from hii seal. How it hapiteued be did nut 
koow~hv could nol ima/tiie how it cnmc about — Imi he dii/ find hiniiielf 
on iJie luweit step of the ladder, and in annther mumrui acinally atcend- 
ing. without fear or giddlneM, iii the clear tiijjlit sky. Immedlalely the 
nrden became melodious, and sang forth in a chorus vf joy broeath 
hint. As he niunuted higher, he tbounht be heard ihe very eanb tuniing 
and creaking a* it revolved on its axis. V hut had appeared tu him, 
however, aa be sat in the honeysuckle buwer like rising and falling 
•oov-flake«, were, in reality, little fairies hastening ou diverse metnagei 
tnm earth lo beavon. 

At length Ihe niiigiairatu reached the uioou. He waa not aixoniiihed 
at finding everything there quite dilTercoi from what he had read in the 
books of aslronomy. .\ kitver )>nUi-e, with lliousdiidi and ihnutands of 
loacTS, galleries, arcades^donieB, rpircr, und colunoadea vf silver shene 
brisbtljF before him. liui he aas not dasiled. No mortal ever b«LHd 
sucli a splendid sight as wnt uow rcve«Ied to hioi. 

At the edge, wliere the ladder luuvliid the inooQi an old nan iDct him 
offering hia hand lo assist him. Xhiii was " the Man in tlic Moon,'* of 
wlinm 1*0 have all heard so much, but he bad no bundle of clicks er dog 
with him, flu that the isagisUate did not know biui at first. Indeed, 

■ Themi4en of Audreo* will recegiiba bU slorya* rarwiiaii lli* (tnniiiJwork 
<>r tba folkiwing fatry tale. 




lueb UW Mc only fictitlout aboiut the. Mnn in thfi Moon, for the truth 
U he l«al(B good and kind Wyond expression. 

*■ It is a long time," uid be, " sincv anj tnorta] hu Tiaited ui, 
ftUhntigh w<! niakc it so oas)*." 

Siniple an w«ro th^se words, tTiey wellnigh m&de tli« niBgittrat« weep, 
for the lound of ihv voice moved his very heart, atid he was on the 

Cotnt of falling on hia knees before the old niao, tf he had not cdught 
im by the &rtn nnd ioid — 

*' lorbcar — I urn only a lerTunl, But yoiir siistskci my son, is as 
pardonftble as thnt of the heathens, nho have, to my sorrow, lon^f 
ndored n>o. Coma wiih me; your pyc» arp Dtill half-closed for our 
world while ihe WJinii btood yi-t (lim» about your heiirt. Bo not, 
therefore, «iirpriicd tliat everything here seems to you pale and colour- 

They now pused further onwards. An unbroVen silence reigna in 
ihi! moon. Evorything w«ars a alran([« and different as{>ect, and a 
Mibdued ligbt softly illuininntes «?vcry object. It J* iRipatsiblv (o 
discover how the silver paUtre is lighted, but it chines a^ if trantparwaL 
The soA of crystal, by whit^h it is sui- rounded, looks lik« a deep deep 
momibeani, n»d shines in the sjnie niysierious way. Silver trees gtow 
around it, whose leaves shake unceasingly in the soft breeze. Upon the 
clear cryxlal ton twans nrrn swimiuin^, and small while birds Rew about, 
flipping ibcir wings in the silvory waters, or neatling io the suowy leave* 
of (he tergP- white lilies, nhich ^ow in great numbers in the moon. 
But everjining looks ulronge and mystemiw, ns in n drratn. 

They now both stood on ihe inari^In of the lake, when the Man in tht 
Monii, dr.iwin([ out a wistiiiig.riiij, a snft moon- rainbow inimedialclj 
«pprarrd, paming on which they iracixtd the entrance of the silver 
piuace. The cuooii- rainbow trembled and bent under the wi'ij;ht of the 
two pilgrims, aui), at they lauded, sank down aga.ia into the elenr 

*■ Sec, child of man," said tli« piide^ " what mles liara been iovciitcd 
bv foolish mortals about this rod. Take it now yourielf, and unfold 
the r<M!c■JSc^* of the palace of dreumx." 

Ah the niugislralc waved the rod in his hand, the palace fwparou-d in 
Ihe niidst like a summer's cloud. 

" llcrv," Kaid the old mnii, "Hve the guardians of raankiod; but 
J dare not yet show you those venerable souls that confer so many 
benefits on the hunan nivt: But eonie this way, for you roust sea 
many marvels before we part." 

Thry eiuered a hall of vaitt, almoat immcas arable siie ; as far as the 
eye eauld reach, it nppfured to ba of circiilur form, but iho endless 
and interminable vistas — icinic dark as night, soiue radiant in subdued 
Rplendaiir— defied exftiuinatioD . The vaulted roof rose in a f-if^aniic 
dome to the very clouds, and, from an nperturo on litgh, pourvil down 
flood* of «lvcry light, illuiiiinating a rounlata as large as a lotVy cedar tree, 
that rose in the centre of (he halL Erery spray of the sparklinx water 
flung bsck glittering reflections in briglit ntid varying colours, while 
elowls of nUt and foam, njouniaii>s high, rose around, coueealing the 
lovely flowers of tbe lily nnd lh« lotos, that grew at the edge ol ihu 
fountain. Tbe soft tplnth of the water was the only Mund that brake 
the mysirrious silence. Vast pillars of milk-wliiie alabBKier supportr d 
the walU, carved in rare and fanciful devices, nroughl in the 

most ^H 



delicate linls, and vrreathctl with ^ftrlntids of nhit« roien, amid wliofe 
1(ii*cs and flowirrti innumeniblii doves l]iitii>r«il in and out) or flm liltjft 
to Lbe nv* uf light in t-ndk-SK maEcs. Tlic floor of thii heavenly jilacfi 
vas composed of aliernatc squar«i of diiunondi ftod emcrAlds, which 
■hon« in ihr cool paio light difTu-fptl all around. 

, The luagislrnto ws.i so ovcrcttme by lliis woodrous ipccUcle, that he 
Iranpd od his coinpanion for support. 

" Let ui procfd," Kaid tlm laiirr, " nor Jo you sUow tlie liot bluod 
flowiaii; in your veins thus lo iuovk you, or the uiyiU-ries thai surround 
us will norcr he beheld by you." 

CrotKDg llic hall tH<!y i-ntcrcd iho coWnadpf of alabaster surrounding 
it- — buKo pilUm that migbt lop the ctoiidit — avenuei of eiidkits ditunce, 
dim, dreary, and oWuro. opened through ihese columns on ull sidt-s. 
As tbey advanwd thick nbitu clouds dc*ci-ndcd around tbera, nnd dark 
murky rapoura tone where thcv trod, mocking further progreg.i; but tlio 
Man tn the Moon scarcely heed«d these appearances, and drew the msgis- 
tratc ODward* to one uf the opL-niiiga. Tlie glooni increased, ibiindor 
rolled, and blue liglUningi alone directed them in lbe path, which k'd 
dovunards through damp cold passages, hewn out of the rock, 'i'bey 
mcbed a cavci where the water trickled dowu on nil side*. Frof^g 
CTDakrd, Dtulliludes of snakes crawled on the racks, OJid, curling around 
iheir feel, hLitfd as thi>y a[)proached ; huge monster* loomed down on 
thnn from above — dim, half-visible, in the fitful light; green eyes 
peeped forth from dark recesses, and the very earth dhuok no they 
•dianced ; the niag:ittratr could ncarcely mnxtvr bin terror, when suddenly 
h» beheld a huge serpent riae erect before them, wiih eyes floshing fire, 
and loof^e forked and venomous, ready every inslnnt to ntlack them. 

" I^t us stand aaide." nhiap^rcd his cnmpanioii, " tliese cnven aro 
bhabited by crraturca who KCat your biunan blood. We will awaiti 
and lee what will befall.*' 

Tim lorpent disappeared in the gloont, and a loud rumbling woke the 
echoes of the cave caused by the approach of d» aniiquu coach, whiah 
was so clumsy it might have lorved for the tirst ihst ever went on 
wberls. Its colour was blsck, the horses piebald black and wliltc, I ho 
driver an enormous cut of llif »Biue colour, and bubind stood an owl, 
wlMn eyes gUtlcned in the dark, the blinds were also black and drawn 
cJoM down. But as the coach passed ihir magi ■! rate, they started back 
with a ipring, and, lo his horror, he beheld, seated in tn^ coach, four 
eorpeea dressed in grave cloths. The blinda were again drawn, and the 
eoach rumbled on, followed by a multitude of bats flyiug with such 
TioleODe they almost knocked the msffiijlrate down. 

Tliv Man in the Moon insisted on his advancing, ibangb be trembled 
in every limb, and for nwliiln lliey proceeded unmolested. Palo blue 
[flunee ehol now and then across their nay, homo by souii.- ravuui who 
we charged >ith the sighs of iIioki who mourned on earth for the loss 
of th« eorpttc* they had seen in the coach, Then all cloud round 
darker than before, and a faint glimmer waa all tbe light tliat guided 
them. A huge arm was now llirutt forth from the side of the cave into 
tba magistrate's face. It was covered with draperv, and preacntcd to 
him a 1k>x. On opesing Jl, he bclicid lying in blooa a pale and gbntlr 
band severed at the wriiu With horror he cost it from him. and aa ft 
fell a trcmcsdou? earthquake shook the caverns, and shrieks and cries 
, UQM 00 ever; side from out tbe darkness. 




A block vcnl now lalKrceptcd th«ir pat)i, and «re thvy readied it tvo 
Bk«let«D« appeared in a mraaciii); ftUirinIf! fram boliind ii. Lighu nUred 
in di«ir hollow ejvt, am) llivir lionir fiitjiera rairii^ dug^crs uf I'ltormous 
len^h, on wlio*u ])oiat!i l>urDt Kre. 'I'heir aspect was tuMiacing and 
burrible. As tlioy nnvc^d tlirir dngj^cni, iW mvc «rcmcd to b««on8 
■nutl^ and smdW — tli« tides doted in— ihe ceilinff dosoended — and 
t})« black curtain waved to and fro behind th« figures. Tbe tna^'slrata 
sank on llie cnrth, iillcring a piercing crj- — wbcu ihn old man raisrd 
his wishiiig'rud the whole mion vanished, and a gigantic narrior 
ap;ii-nTcd dud iu complete armour, ndvniinrd to meet ihem. tfia 
cffunienance wore a noble exprct^ion — bis loftj- brow «s> tbadcd with 
black huir — uti bi» head he wore a helmet niih an iimnenac whtto 
feather — 'lie bore a drawn iword in liis Kand, nnd his armour waa of tbe 
finest steel. Hit feet rvated on a cli>ud, from whence a pale delJtato 
radiance diffiisod ilstlf among^ the eurroiiDding gloom. 

With oourteou« gesture he invited the mngiRtrnte to approach, inti- 
xnalitig hy signs that lie would protect him. Aceorxlinglyi under his 
fiuidance ibey proceodod., passing tbTough various turn inj^ whirh rendered 
the WAy doubly intricnto. The warrior, nfler condin-ting- them for ROOIO 
lirae ill ntfety — vanished. Uul more light uuw f;uidcd ibeir ctep*, aod 
the galleries umong^ nhieh th<^y pnricd hnd heeomo broader and hijtb^. 
At this point ihe old nmn pniiied. and ruined hi* winhing-md, nhm n 
bcauiifiil butterfly descended ihrou^h the roof and Ht-vt bifore litem. 
Liltle fairie* now peeped out, and airy eylphn parsed them, hearing aa 
thrlr «in^s dew-drop* tn cno! the boioiii uf the nmoroiiii rottf, where tbe 
wooing of the hot summer's nig^ht ha« made it droop and faint. 

The mapitraie perceived they were approachinj; an opi*n space, for 
the |i»le lij^ht that hnd gnided them in thoic myxterioiJn regions now 
became titron); and clear, aa when Ihe moon ihiiica nl the full ; bnl tnm 
whiTiiee it prat'ceitcil he could not divine. Hii heart leaped for jo]rwh«a 
ho remembered the horrors he bad encapcd, mid he turned to his conw 

E anion to expreis his pleasure, but the old man disap|)i*arcdl As 
e, however, rained hiH eyci^ he mv nn arch of 6ro that spanned the 
entire vault, and beneath It wrilteii in the air, with bright tbinitif; InttcrSj 
theie word*:— " Mortal, fear nothing — ^hnve faith and pnwei.'d." So, 
atlhoujuh he wat ^'''^otly f^rievcd to have lost the pood old niau, whofA 
presence bad cbi-rn-d and prolri^trd hitn, he cuuiinueil hi* iiny. 

A lofty portal no* barred I'urvher odvanrc. li wan endoied on cither 
aide by pillar* of cry«tal, nronnd which flowers and leavet of lilver were 
entwined. A» be gaxeil, wuiiderin^ wli;it ue* inarvcli that portal would 
unfold — B itar fell at hia feet- i'or a moment it ahone with interns 
aplendonr, and then suddenly explodin?, divided ilielf into a thousand 
Bparkliiig atoms, when a fairy of hvavt^nly euuntenunce appeared tia lh« 
spot where the star had vnnishrd. Her viiigs were long and tipped 
with *ilvor—on her bend vas n crown of glilleriRftttani, pnl« yet bright 
— bcr robe transparent i» neloud, waa friiigfd with moon-beauia, and in 
her hand the boru a wand of crjttnL 

" Strange I" iwid ibe, in the sweeleflt voice inui|cioable. " the venerable 
watchers approve the courage vou have nhown. To you »h»M be, there- 
fore, revealed the secrets of the River of DreatnH. Fear nothing, and 
follow mo." 

" O tell we, gentle tpirit," cried the magialrale, *' wh«T* i« my guide, 
my companion i iihall I not again behold bim P" 




" Yee." repUed lb« foirj, " jou ahAlt moot hiin •tiortlj-, bul be >tl«nt 
anj obedient." 

Sbe advanced to th* portal, which waa of inarblv, and nared hor 
wand. Th« door* opctu-d «ith a hullov »ouiid. At fir*t nothing but 
what aeemcd a cloud of nutt was visible — but the magisirotu pcrcvircil 
tUi «u ooiB|K>aed of an iiitiiimuru)iU> mnltiludo of ^ny apiriis hurrying 
towarda the eana h« bad latdjr travL-ravd. Tlivir «na!)l airv bodies, 
flyiBfiapidly itlong, swrpt br him like a cloud> 

" TlieWt" said ihe fitiry, " are t'ntoritip ibic dn>ary raalu jou ha*o 
trarcrscd to brar from hence horrible and miKahapcu dn-amt and gbaiily 
nHoa^— far more frarful than yoti bcbcid— with which, roturuiug to the 
earth, they snre and alarra the ilc«p of tho wicked. " 

On pMinig the gatos of marble, flovert sprang up wherever tba 
fairy siep]>«d, and birds vrarblcd aruuud her : by degrees a vaU proajiecl 
unfolded before them. 'J'bo alar-sown sky «u decplv bin?, nna by the 
dim and fitful light an aiicimt castle appeared, its broken ruiuuua oullina 
■loDV defined by the light of the start. It Htood on the odge of gigantic rocka 
that ontrshadowed an mlcnuinablc ocean. The t««ora and battlemenla 
haqging over the barstingvaTes,— deep shadows rested on lliecoatlu and 
tbeareraous reocMr* « the gloomy rocks ht-neath— the hollow sound 
of tba wave's echoed like thunder as they Inshod their huge aides, and 
soowen of fonm nnd spray, «hoolinj; oloO, broke for n momcut tliruugh 
the darkaeu aroitnd. In one pail of the Nhorc urns a tiay, from which 
Iho tide had reoeotly receded, for the saivJ was yet *ct auil moist. Hero 
lay untold biMps of richest trc-aiure, oritnt pearls bursting from the 
native *h»ll, ingots of gold, hills of auibvr, spices from the southern 
iales, richest gems gathered itcep down amid the Indian teas, each on« a 
reT««ni« j tree« of niddy coral, heaps of the rareat shells entwined with 
emeralil sea-weied — these all strewed tiM tliore, piled in fantastic 
ccnfiision. Tke sea had rendered, up the riches of a thousand ship- 
wrecks, and laid its treasures llierv in mockery of (be greed of tnati, and 
far &Qm hia grnip, slrnnded by the tide un tlut lonely shore. Brightly 
sboWD thi! gems in thi- itarlight, but silence reigned, utibrakeii crcn by 
the sighing of the wind, yet the wares rtgnd as if tossed by a tempest. 
Along this bay the fairy conducted Iho ningintrate. Tlio sniut iras 
heavy, Ihe diiUnflc to all appenrana? inlerniinabte — deep vhdduws, of 
■igootic form, tuwered in the distance, sweeping past to the occau. A 
Wg* white swan suddenly emergfd from the gloom, and pUcitd itself 
BMr the water: of brger itiur nnd more majestlo bearing than we 
ever see od Iho canh, — it stood lossinc its proud neck, ud fliugiog 
bftekwith extended wings the spray which dashed against its Ikuoid. 

*' Behold," uid the fairy, " the Queen of the Swans. She is a power- 
ftilgcnii, and disposes of the destiny of one whom Pate unites to you." 

Tbo na^atnU'i heart b«t quick, hut he did not reply. 

Paaaing through one of the clefla in thu rock they entered a narrow 
gorge iBBding into a green and lonely raltey. It waa surrounded by 
lofty meiuitains, whose soft outlines rising aloft in the clear sky were 
itluminaied with the prismatic eo'lours of tho rainbow. From their bosom 
gii»hed strruM and rtTulctii which danced from rock to rock in endlusa 
asotdea, until they were lott in the waves of a rapid river that flowed 
aloogthe bottom of the valley, dMoaodiiig on one side from the moun- 
taibs and disappearing down a npid dnont loto a sea of uiiit and foam. 
Nyinphi and elves bathed in the w«tc», disporting ihemteWes in playful 

r J 



Gambol*. Innumeralile •natl boals eniled lo nnd fro, manned by snail 
airics «1io tctidi'd tlic sails or brut nii oars, guiding' thrni tfirouf^ 
ihD islanda of w,itcr-lilio» ilial inipeded llie current, or steering doiii' of 
tbo banks bothered by ull flowcra of the larclicsl hue* growing undn- 
iho shade of ihc niyrilc ami ihe ornnee trees, whose blossoms pcr- 
fdiiitd the air, their fragrnat heavy laden branches dip[>ing in the 

The fairy paused, 

" Here, mortiil," said she, " iit ibe River of DrEams — it Tine* in Cbfto« 
f(tr b«yond tbo8« mountainfi, and flown tonnrda the ejinh. See on its 
bosom ttiosp barks itii'<^<-''' l^y fnirlL-s, of whom 1 am one. ThoR* that 
are descending towards the enrtb bear visions to morlals below. (Jold 
to the miaer — fame to the poet — the image of bis tniitri^s* to thv lorer 
—power lo tli0 po I ilician— revenge lo the wicked— heavenly joys to the 
good — ever do tbey iinceaaiugly hurry below ftinectimo began, and will 
CODtinuo tintil eternity replace it. Bv the power of thcwnndn thcv hcnr, 
bolts and bnrs avail not — all places are alike open to theni. Thu»ft 
buata you see returning from out of yonder mitt bear strangv tilings 
which bnve been lort in the lower world — lovers' sigb* tmbi'tdi-d by 
their mistreas — broken vows and forgolltn resulutions till them lo over- 
flowing. All these ar« pinced in tlic treasury of the moon, nor Is one 
even mislaid or lost. Tears abed by the wretched, uncared for by the 
rich — the pr^irers of distressed virtue agsiust brutal wrong— the dying 
breath of infants who hnvc ncvi^r lived (o speak, nnd ibe Eilnnl prsycre 
of sinners wanting courage to express their agony. All these are 
rogistcred by kind and gentle fairies until a day cotne when every secret 
•Mil bo rvvraled." 

As the fairy concluded, a boat approached tlie shore where they stood. 
The fairies busily unload^ the cargo, can^sting of bags of various 
MKS and battles, alt numbered and Inbcillrd. Thp inngislrnte observer) 
that lovers' sighft picdomiDBlrd, and wooiirn's broken oatlw for the tears 
ill the crystal liutiles lonk but litllo room. The heavily laden little spi- 
rits disappeared uuiocig Ibe flowtniig Irt-i-s that bordered the river in the 
direction of the morblc portal. The magiilrale was lost in wonder, uor 
could bo Itnvo cotieeivi'd the moon to have had sticb dealings nitli (he 
earth wbcn the looked so far away even in the clearest summer night. 

" Among tbo&e laounlaiiia," add the fairy. " are wonders eveu greater 
than you have yet seen, bidden in a sublt'rmnciin region. Sometimes 
they are roveiled to a favoured mortal, who la peniiitled to mount the 
Kiver of Drvams in one of those litilo barks. I cannot now unfold their 
recesMS to you, for I must dosctind lo thn lower regions where I go to 
console a despairing lover, tossed in the delirium of fever with a smiling 
image of the maid Tie Iovck," 

** Uo not leave me here alone in this Blrumge place, good fairy, I be- 
seech you," sighed ibc magistrate, "or let me relum lo mjr first guide 
tb« old Man iu the Muun." 

** Your desire shall be granted," said the fairy, and she waved Iier 
nod with the bright ttar. Down from tho voricgtCed mountain tops 
deaccndcd a light pink cloud burue on tho leavea of a snowy loton. 
" Claud," said the fsiry, " waft this morial lo the silver grotto," saying 
which sbe vaoisbed. 

The nu^strate found himself gcntlv rising in the air on tlic bosotn of 
the clMid. Uc mounted high over tlie mountains into the blue sky. 



IcBTiag tbe river, ibo rallity, and it* biuy (uric* far below. The npiA 
yet gvntle motiofi nuw^l liim to fall uWp. 

Wbeo he avoke he was lying oa ihe fioor of a grotto, ratirely com- 
pa*c4 of »ilvcr, nhicli gIUti?u«il in the aubduLid U^ht of Uunpii. lit by 
nooa-beoois, in the tawi h^aicnly inanDcr, Statues of ttlvcr stood on 
pedestali of the satoe raotaJ, iit uHig rovi, od either tids. Tbejr bore 
la tlwir lianilt ■Ilrcr bough* loaded with fruit of every oolouTi that 
nulled GttDtiuuaUy ; ihrou^h tha midxt of the fftWo flowid m. »tn«nt of 
moltm filver, mofl niarvrlloiiu to behold Thie gurgling of this strcun, 
jcoDod to the ru»tl!ng of thv aitver hou^e, w&i »ll the aound ho bevd. 
Tba toaebUale, enchanted with the beauty of the grottOi nandcrcd on 
■nioag the ralonoadc of til«er itAtues. Ha a[^n>aclied a nlver carUuo, 
wkidt fell frooa the roof, and wa« of to delicate a texture llul it waved 
■s be approacfaod. Suddcolji n whole troop of little elves rushed out, 
■odf oitn a meriT laugh, withdrew tbe curtain. To the raagisiraie'a 
iaexpresaible juj' he saw tbe Man in the Moon staodiog behind it. The 
old inaa sailed bcnigoauUjri nuuiig tbe na^strate, who b*d fallexi oo 
hi* ItooM before him. 

" ^ty son," said he, with his kind, gcnlle Toice, " vou have seeo 
wonders enough for oue auuiiuvr's nighu 1 niU now present you l» 

Thejr [MMcd through alley» bordered by roses of every hue, mixed 
with lilies and honeysuckle, back vd by tall edges of yew and cypress, cut 
to many sluipoi: of bird* and aaiinalt. Those were fotlooncd with 
nriaod^ woveu of orerr flower that ever grew; g^ody butterflies 
luUered about, pursacd i>y troops of little ituries and sportive elves, 
chasing them from flower to flower, and lying in ambush to catch 
tbeoi atnuhit thu U'aTei. Shouts of merry laughter broke through the 
lir, while birds of the moit brilliant plumage flew around, niakln;; the 
air melodious with a thouiand various notes, wooiti^^ the bluahiu^ 
flowers with ibeir warbliogs. Kose and orauge- leaves formnd the path, 
wbicb. pressed by tbe steps of the magiiirate and bii companion, shed 
forth dvlieiou* odours n* they passed. 

A vast hall of white marble, of plaio and degnnt disif^^, now appeared 
before cb«ni. As they advanced, an ebony door was flung open by » 
niimber of band* without arms, and the tnn^istrate found himself in the 
|iretvti«e of lh« guardians, who were seatod in deep recesses. They 
wen four men, of the most venerable appearance, and of nnknuwii age. 
Isdoed, tkry miuit have been as old as the world ttsotf; for [hi- auirbie 
ehain on which they reposed, and th« entire flour of the liall, war* 
corered by the hair of their imm«BM wliite beards. Tlieir hm^ 
crowned wiilt mistletoe, wen: »uuk ou their bre4kst* ; their hands clasped, 
as in de«p thought ; owls and bats obscured the alrrady dim light 
around them. I'lio nails of their clasped hands, penelmtingihe finh, 
wore all at least a yard long. Tium had pleught-d iheir faces wilb 
deepest furrowe, and ilicir eyes were closed- The uutgistrste desired to 
worship them, thinking thcui divine, but his companion forbade hitn, 
and whiipercil — 

" Tfacae are tbe guardians who for ever watch the fate of niorlils. 
Tbousaods of spirits aiU'ud their bidding, sod obey iheir unspolceo 
thoughl*. Tlicy rulu the Uivei- of Dn-am*, which jou have already soea, 
and in their Ircasuiy arc deposited the stores brought by fairies from 
below. A day will come wh«n they will raise ibeir beads nod speak, in 



order to give an account to lh« Or«at Spirit of all tbey It&ve done. Until 
tboi period niTivc, ihey sit vritliia (his ^ooiny hall in aolaaut silenoe. 
But «e muat retire, fur time protM* ; tlio •uiaint^r'f night wrgflt tomnb 
peep of day." 

As ihev witlxlrew from the halt, they ncte both obliged to tread on 
tb« guardians' beards. The uutgrixtrxte now rpgainod tlie Ukc l>y which 
theycotcrvd ttic palaro of dr«ams. The pale clear light arouud tlicm 
(|uitv chcpred bim, ofler ibo darkness of the gloomy hull vbere the 
gunnliant mt. 

" You must df»ceu<l," said the Man in tlie Moon, " while the Udiler 
jet Stands, or you will be lo^t, pcrcbancc, in Clmos, and become the prey 
of those wild storms and whirlwind* for crcr raging in that gloomy 
regiun ; or you may laud on some other planet, and be offered up aa a 
sftcrifice to the savage gods raling in Salnm and in Japitcr : or, moro 
dang^oue Etill. there in Venus ; — but come, descend, I bcaeech you, for 
the morning air aln-aily kiasL's the weary form of Night, who spreads ber 
laxy vtings towartl* distant spheres." 

But at ihi» moment a great crowd of fairies approached vilh letter* 
and mnssngcs for tlic cirth. Tlicy bowed before the Mao in the Moon, 
and some whispered in his ear. 

*' She Gomea !" taid he to Uie magistrate ; " you will aee her hMTenly 

The happy magistrate now perceived a genllc maiden advancing, whom, 
although no had never aeen, he fnncied ho had always known. Fairies 
dnnctfd amunil her; drcann floated lieforu hrr like a flight of dov«ia. 
She walked, nilont and alone, and wore a tily on her heart. Her 
movement a were hesitating, like one walking in a dream, and she seemed 
weak and languid. Much did the mngiitrato wi«h to iii(]uire who aba 
waa, but the Man in the Moon led him inn-ardw tliD Udder. 

" We shall soon meet Again t" ^aid he. As th« mu^Istrute descended, 
h<! sun till) earth moving nuiler him ; hut he rould siill distinguish the 
kind voice of his guide, calliug after him — " When you tnevt /ter again 
below, you will know her in a moment." 

fn the momliig, tlie magistrate awoke as the tun ponelmlod the 
bower of honeysuckle. He scarcely knew how be fell. He would not 
admit to himself that he bad been n»lcvp during the post uigbt, bjkI yet 
bis rccollccliim of the hiddor, and all he had acen in the moon appi-arrd 
so strange, lie could only walk abuiit and wonder. At length be deter- 
mined lo await the coraini; night iu the rununvr-tiousc, and sco what 
would hippen. Then be could observe everj-tliing tniiiutEly. 

As the night closed in, tbo magistrate placed himself in the honey- 
suckle arbour, hoping again to behold the drcam-laddur descend as 
before. The moon shone brilliantly as he gazed into her brosd »hadcd 
disc, and recolleciing the wonders that had been revealed lo him, he felt 
proud and liappy iu tbe highest degree. The night was hot and sultry, 
and the pale flowers drooped as the soft hKcxe played nronnd, 
sighing heavily amid ihcir Icnvcs. Swarms of lirc-flies fluttered about, 
und formed bright stars and figuren on the turf, no longer grcciii but 
almost black beneath the long shadows cast by the tret*. At interrala, 
the summer lightning gleamed forth In sheets of (lame, shooting over 
tbe heavens like a nicleor. 

The magistrate lixcd bis eyct on the tuoon with cagvr aspeclation 



Would tli« ladder descend ?— should h« m« that angel maid who bore 
the lily on hvr besirl? He natcbed. atmoit Id deiipair. for nothing 
■pptarvd : Lh« ntoonlighl iky >boKir4l no lacldi^. But, at l«t, ionic- 
Ouag liks ■ drop of crjslml B«<ned to full Trom the moon. It became 
loDfjor aiid plainer, extending liks a ray of silver Ughu O, jor, it wu 
ihc taildrr I and d«)cniJi-d, :is bcfon.', to the very bowrr of haarytncklc, 
A* the ma^jftratc gnicd with rapture al tbe aii^hl, thv vitiulc )^rden 
raiiff «ilh a clioru* of htighivr, and a thousiitid little fairies hopped 
forth from tbe cups and b«)U of flower* where tbcy hai hid, placing' 
Uwni>d*t« at tb« foot of th« ladd«r — some raoiuitius lh« aepi, tonifl 
Btittpring in tlio air. At thi* ii)ua»tiil tho msidun wilii the lily on hoir 
bean, MOB »eea deKcndiag Troni tlkC moon ; that maiden whom tlic magi*- 
irole K> lOD^ lo behold. Cut iho did not appear, u beforv, pale and 
lan)!:uid, but (^tonlii'd, bcaliilecL 

Her face «bonv with a bright but subdued lighl, her lo«ig fair Imir 
sowed with Stan and pcarli formed a manilo arotuid her — her bron vw 
crowiicil with n radiant croset^t of moon -beam*. Tlio tily> which aba 
■till won.' on hor heart, iliedfonhaa shi^tuovt-d dropsofdcw like briphlcal 
diamonds; pearls and f^mt foil from her fooisteps, and were caught by 
thi! fnirin awaiting her nrrivjil nt the foot of IW ImUlcr. The maffi** 
irate could scarcely breathe. Slie was just placiug Iter foot ou ibe IamI 
zUi\t—tiM lairics Taiscd d shout of delight — bis arois opened to receive 
her — as ihc touched the earth she rnnished — the ladder and th« fairie* 
all disappeared. But where the maiden hfld stepped sprung no a whilo 
roa«-trco beariof^ one loTely iloacr amidst a tlioiieaiid bud». Tui' ina^ia- 
Irate always deelarod he had kistcd that one fair roio, but his roeullGction 
od this point was very unvvrtain, and he tliinka he must bavo swooned, 
for wben be became conscious the sun bad already risou some boure. 


Toward* evening a hea*y startn wkme on, the heavens gr«« darker 
and darker, and were co»ercd with clouds. Rain fell at length, and 
then eaoie thunder and lighlnin);, which lasted for some tinit-, " 'Die 
moon will not ri>e to-uight," said iLie magisLtalo to hiniu'lf as he walked 
(nit into the streets of ths IOwd whvre ho lived. His thoughts dwelt 
uneeasingly on the indiilm witli tlio lily. 

He passed out of the tonn, oiidcsino to a road whieh was (]uit« undw 
water, where a child stood on the brink witbiug to cross but not being 
able from the depth of the water, llie magistrate took the child in bit 
arms and carried him over. 

" Whcr» do you lire V he asked, "for all the roads are filled with 
water, and such a little creature ai you arc might Mstlj be drowned." 

" Tfaauk you," icpliisl the child, wiih a pleating voice ; " if you will 
be so good as to carry mc two mil« from hero lo tlio (Jueeu of the 
Swans with wliom I live, I shall, indeed, thank you." 

Tbo poor niagiitirale noa so alarrmrd at this elraoge speech that ho 
was OD the vcrv poiDi of Icttiug tbc obild fall from fright 

" if it must" be, however," tbooghl he. " I will do il," so be carriod 
the child ill hla araiJi, Tbc whole of llw country was inundated ; whore- 
evcr be looked he could sue nothing but water and tbe most eomjileta 
silence reigned around him. At sucba prospect his heart sank within 



" Well," tbouglit h«, " two miles BwimmiRg n no joVe, tut if it raurt 
be it must be." 

A Hull' grmii boat cnmo fiaatiiig towards ibem. 

" tli-ri-. little bual," or'mi the child, "lilllc boat, tnlerae tolh«QtM«n 
of Ihv Swaofl." 

The boat immedioteiy approached, and ihey got li) and procn>4l(Nl. 
The mogislrale ktpl watching ibe heav^Tis, hoping that the heavy stomi- 
clouds would soon opni on ihcni, and prcvvui aoy fwrlhcr progroM; but 
there was no eicnpo! All at once ihaiiundE mid thuufaiidH of Kwani 
appeared on ihe water, bwiiuniing round ihi- Uttle boat, drawing up thtir 
long proud necks, fluttering their liugt^ white vringt. aud tinging bcatiti- 
fullv. — drawing at the aawe time the liitte bout among the tall green 
rustics thai grew luiuriuilly along the baiik^ Mure and more awaxis 
appmred as llipy ndvanci-d; and its the ruebes bowed down Ibcir beads 
it looked a> if lliey were passing through n bowor of einoraldi. 

Just fls ihc! inagl'trsLc wb« in the act of tumiug to the child to uk 
what itaU tiioanl, he tinw, with terror, that be was himself tlic only cm- 
Hire in the boot. The child hud vnmHhod. But in n moment after he 
BOW seated near him the maideu with ibo lily ou her heart, as he had 
aeon her in the mooD, not radiant with glory as when ahe dcsceuded ou 
llio laddtT. 

" Fear not," »aid xhit, " we nre juat at honic," and, u she apokei the 
boBt aud all it contained sank down into the water. 

The maginlratc was terribly started, for op to ihi* time he had felt 
hinisvlf nwnkc nnd in full possession of his senses. As he sank into the 
tlrvtiui and heard the watt-r gurgling Btid flowing over htm be did not 
doubt that ho had been entrapped, and was going to die, «o he cloMd 
his eyes, aud tried to soy his prayers .... Wbeu he recovered him- 
Bclf he nas lying ou a bed of purple, and all around biro appeared to bo 
a palace of irau«|iarent glass. At first lie lay tiulte qui«t, and only 

iieeped through his half-closed eyes to discover what was paiuing around 
itn>. Sonic wonderful little people moved sofcly about, speaking very 
low to each other. One, a little man in a grey cont, with a long body, 
and abort legs, with broad feet, said to anutlier manikin who was round 
and fat, and wore a variegated dress— 

" But, my atars, mhat hns made it rain so fonrfiilly to-day ?" 

To which ihe Ultle round gnitk-nian aiiawered — 

" Of coumo il comes from our enemies. We heard of it early yester- 
day. Onu from hcloiv has voiilurril on tho ladder agnin and has been 
with the woichrr*. He has not gone to (he moon for nothing either; 
hut bat b<-ini di'i-ply amitten with our maiden with the lily. 1 bear 
he iv dying of love, and to the Queen of th« Swans has taken |Hty 
on hint. O, Love ] what a mischioTOUS Imp thou art. I was once in love 
myself with the aweeleat btitterRy — " 

"PraylheeaparousyDurlaIe9,'*iaida third little man, who was dressed 
ill armour with stiver icalcs, " and wU us, if you know, where the new 
child of the awan oomea from." 

At this moment voices were heard tinging ao(\ly, no the Itttl*! people 
thought it beat to acparatc, one alone remaining to walcb. He placed 
himself opposite the magiitrate, htiricd himself in the pillows of a divan, 
crotacd bis tittle legti like a Turk, drew out of his pocket a cryatal box 
(\ill of sugar-plum*, and bvgnu nmncbing them to hia heart's content. 
One s(\cr another ditapjieared into hit mouth ns fast aa they could go ; 

the: d&ram-i, adder. 


\(n and tli(n lie polittlicd his coal, kickrd his \cg», hud^ sDiitches 
of soags, and drank honey out of flowers hangiiiK from tho window. 
But be ncTff crjiHod wnlchiiif^ ih* rndgi^lrntR with liU liltlr cunning eyes, 
Dul ibis latter worlhy niaii could reninln ((uict qo longirr; he jumped 
up, ihinluDj;; some new vision had come to auotiish hia sensM. Tlie 
glu* palace bccADia gradually dnrkcr niid durlcvr, lo that th« start 
appeared one by one iu Ihe deep niglii-akf, but tha moon had not yet 

" Where am I ? \V1ia ar« jou ? How came I here 71" exclaimed tbe 
na^euato. The liLllo Kenileman in the grey coat row suddenly, aud 
afl«r making a t«ri(s of elegant bows with obvioua telf- satisfaction, 

" I will conceal nothing from you — I am myself KIdr of the Mogi- 
dui* at w«l| as one of the guardians; the othor wilt bimgclf eooa 

" Guardian V criod tho magislrate. " O, good spirit, ^uaiti me, I 
ioi|ilor« you. Wlicre u a/iit — you know who — the tnaulrn in ihc moon 
— on the ladder — to-dav in iho boat — with llie lily on her kvart ?" 

" Fear not," answered tin- littlt inaui " you will find her everywhere-^ 
in the OMOO — in the water — eh^ iiiceps in the flowers, and sita amongtt 
iho mountains— only trust w.'." 

" YoH," nskcd the mogittrate. " You— who are you, then ?' 

** Well, now." said the little man, " have I not ibis moment told yoa 
obvody? W« are ihe guardinos." 

The south wind sighed throi]g;h tbo palace with a ntelodioua sound, 
a> k oame wafting by nfaere the magistrate sat ; some flowers were 
ScUWred around him, vhoRO »ccnt wat so powerful lie felt confuted and 

*' Sleep now as much as you will," said the magician, " for, during 
vour iluniber, I viiW Icll you roiiny things it in nccr«aary you should 
Know. Being a«lce|j doei not mailer. Yuu will understand m« all tb» 

As be spoke tbc magistrate full asleep, and the little crenluro bcgaa 
to gife an account of the course of events ia the world, and of the good 
and evil powers of the goardiant, and of lh(^ir cnemior. 

" Tbcic arc many aniniaU and pUott," said he, " created by the Evil 
Otw, iu order to torment, bite, poison, confuse, or iototicsle mankind, 
when they are disrontenlcd and murmur at thrir dcitiny. All this hsa 
ariseu from eury at the beauty and perfection of crrotion. But Provi- 
dence has formed many barmlpBi animaU fur th<; service of man, lo 
watch over and help him, so tliat evil may not overtake liim. The«o 
arc youi* guardians, und they are to be found in every part of the world. 
Day-by-day thoy wander over the wtrth, u<eking to uetiefit and assist 
all the children of men. Look at tlie oceuo — ihetv are the itnall birda 
that warn mariners of iho coming storm. If the wvary wanderer ainka 
lo rest on the groco lurf, lh« tiny gnats which tiuver around liim, awake 
htm when be should lise. Tlii? 611I1 revoal the approauhiiig ouiKrcnk of 
the tolcano, and tho sparrows' wnrniug chirrup tells of tho tire buruiug 
in tliv raAcrs. Therefore men sboiild Kstcii to lli« voice of their 

fiardlans, and despise not the least of God's creation. Uvsides, tha 
Blherof spirits has scut into the moon gentle and lortng eouls, wbo 
abo aetiit and support maukind. From tlion detecod dream* to waro 
and to oomfon, by the help of beoe6oent falrios, who fulfil tha secret 



ttiahM of tbe »1ee[>en, nnil form a heavenly Udder hy nbich vmtv 
apxTiXi uiny niKcnd iola that loft r^ion— for from the cares and the 
miteriea of the cnnh. 

*' Such vi»ioD8 have ruvealed mortBlii lo eiicli oilier, who have Kft«r- 
ward* mpl in iho earth and haTc loved. The venerable vatchen aboro 
l»V« no tkilfblly and »ccrptly gwidcd ihcir fates tlial such lone liu been 
blemed, and haa t(^rininatcd in joy. All to tli« pratau of the Croutor, 
and for tliir bit-Mint^ of his creatures." 

" Amen I " rM|tanded (he niagitlrate out of hU ilovp. 

" Thero is not one word in the Ujhle that Is not ttrictly true," coo- 
llnoH t)ie little man, nrilli 8om<> w&mith, " but msnkiad are so blind 
that Ibcy wilE not perceive it — Jacob's l>i(id<!r la not mcntionod in vsiu, 
but potts above have understood tho true in«anin|f, Ai ibc* miuer 
descL-iida into the boweli of the i-»rtli to bring forth precious meUls and 
jewel*, so the puL'l muuiiis alolt into the hiKhoit hcavptii, bearing down 
with bim treflxurcs far moro rnrc tlian gold or cosily i^eaiK. Such ineii 
alone deierve the nsnit> of heavMily Kpiriia." 

Tbo magistrate moved restlessly on hia bed, which ibe Utile magidan 
noticing, eiiid, — 

** Ye*, yes, I undersLand you want me to ivreal tbe niyKt«ry, and tell 
yoti all about the maiden you ssw in the mooii — but it is loo loii^ and 
loo Strang!.' a history for any child of man to eomprebcad. iUcsideSi I 
bare no time, for, see, Ibe moon is riain^." 

Saying these words, he leaned out of the uindow uner a water>lily, to 
•ec what was the hour by its long while kuvea. 

" I have, I see, only time lo add : Wlien you first saw her before OB the 
ladder of (Ireunis the inaideti had taken refuge in the moon to weep and 
to lament. All is novr changed— »lie descended in glory, for tbe iiueen 
of the Swans, the sovereign of all tlic guordians iti lltese parts, has taken 
her under her proiectinn. Spring- haa revived her — the waters have re- 
freshed hvr, >o that licr soul ia renewed. She loves you — she has 
never ceased to love you sinee yon met in the moon." 

Aa the titllo magirian finithvd ajicnking iho moon sank into the water 
and the wholu palucf bccatiie illuiiiiuntvd in a uivnient Tlic venerable 
guardimix looked down from the ladder with friendly kind faeca, asd 
the Man in the Moon ihrew down a rosn from above. 

Hiddni voices sang the following words ; — 

*• Behold brrrisinp frmh and Virii-ht 
Froiu uul llsn darkest alindM of nigbt." 

The Queen oF the Swans herself, and all her snowy court, stood uut- 
ini» tbe psJacc. The little magician guided a Ixtat formed of lotos 
leaves^ holding the rudder in h\n hand an if waiting lo carry some oa<3 
lerots. The maiden appeared throu[fh a dour in the interior of the 
paUeo. Shu tonic a fond furcwoEl of the Qultii of Sitans who had bc«n 
90 kind to her. 

Instead of a lily she now wore a rose on hvr heart — dreamt tlulteri>d 
around her like gxintlc! dovp», and littli- fairies dunccd a juyful measure 
lDh«rmin. She looked happy and Joyful as achild just awakened from 
a long sleep. She approached the magistrate with a smiting cotini«i- 
nanc*, offering her hand. At this moment ho awoke, tu if roused by an 
elecuic shock. 



Tub UDceuiiig and appannOy int«nniiiab]e supply of the prccioui 
mrtal, " Gnuily UuM, Imnl food for MiJn*," which contintira to mundaU 
the woiM from the diBltiiil resions of Califomm ; utid the late ducovcriw 
€f Minilar <lep<isiti in AiuLniua. which hid fair to rival, in produci.-, tho 
curlior " P.i Durudo." Tti««e atlrring upwodu* in lh« vrcirld'a Imtoiy 
amn with original and inoet powerful interest, every Yoice frcnn thuse 
raoMle localitieM, wliich <:arnt!e with it inturnal evidonca uf truth, and 
conrcya nutliontic inti-lltgcnce of the actual «tiitv uf t))iiig« in lands 
datinod herealter, whetlier foe good or evil, to b&coine important 
MKtioDs in tli« gotwraphy of our pltiiQt. It is fortunate fur the further 
ioUruetioii as well as uiiiiuemeut of educated man, tliat while tho 
frcater portion of the human race prefer to read of dangerous enlerpriwt* 
oiffictilttcs tunnounlod, and arduout travels acconiplithcd, in the nog 
tocurit^ «f a» (any chair, aiid hy tlit; aide of u liliudiig tire, the viim> Pro- 
ndence which g«vcnu tho world, has bcatowed on a chosen tew ths 
viwrgy to accomplish djttxii which mflfiut hunvfit on all, und endowed 
tliem with a |x?culiar ooiifonnation of nivnlal vigour, phyoivul itruiij^h, 
aod indomitable pcncvcntnci:. Ainonf[ ihis band of stout, practical 
jnonecn, the author of th>< volume now hcfore us, ia cntitlc^d ta hold it 
pruaiin«iit poaliiun. A nde of 3iQ0 miWs acrou the prairies, and over 
the rocky mountaine, from i^l. Louis on the Mitsouri to the station of 
tbo Dalt«s on th« Calumbia in Oregon, occupying more than four months, 
and witltovt ati intt^rval of civillMd indulgence-, is nut to be estimated or 
eren rentately compreherkdod by the thousands whose ejtperience of tra- 
velling la confined to th« inconvcnicnco of an cxcurtion train to Binning^ 
ham and tack again, or who p«rhaps tiuve ventured aa fur, by the Holy- 
head express, as to examine the Meiiai UTidgc, or the tubular conitructiona 
io the neighbourhood of Bangor. It is, on the CAiitmry, and without 
esaggerUioiii * feaX requiring the hodily jpowers of Samson or Kercule^ 
and the patience of the gnsat pHtriorch himself. It is extraordinary, aa 
wall us gratifying, to Htid that youiig men of rank, fortune, and iiilellec- 
tus) ac<|iurement8, wilt und>?rtako Ihcm laborious BChieTenients Tolun- 
tarily ; fiom a praiH'wortliy aiiibition to bo usefid in their gnnenlioti, 
and thus supply tlivmnvlvca wtlli agreeable and prolitatli' rvminisccDcea 
for tltst years, losing ucither time nor Icmpcr, and wasting not ths 
pndouB bouia, which can iierrr Ixf nKalltHl, in belling at Epsmn or New- 
■oBilul, playing ihort wliist for long italcvs at a club, or mnolcing intcr- 
ouoslilo ci^ut, without rell«clion, in a billiard roon). Truly, llie Anglo- 
Saxon is the most active of bipeds in mind and body, mul deserves tli« 
Vast superiority his race is rapidly establialilng ia every comer of the 

Mr. Coke's volumu amiiraes lh« unprctAnding fonn of a Journal, clear, 
succinct, and consccutiie. There is no laboumig af\er littmry efleot, 
and no roundabout, lar-fetchod introductions. U is a pleasing, manly 

* A Kldnover (lie Rucky Muiiiiluiiis Ui Oretfon uid Catiluinis, with * rIsiic* 
at SMiie of the Tn)|>l(«l I*lniidt, Including the M'nt Indivii siul tlio Safulvlcb 
bits. Br (b« Una. Umey J. C^ aaUiOf «! " Vitans ia ISU." 



narrativo of events at Uiey oceurred, chanicterised by good huntour, s 
tompcrHoicnt diipotcd to turn iho kIoss alwajn to the brighter tide, and 
the totnl alienee of all iloj^maticnl pratennons. Wcoro n^lher n'earit>d 
by impracticable ttieorivB. tior useless speculation*, auch as abound a 
Lttic too frculy in inoro than one iccont book of advcnturoui trnTcI, vre 
could name, if necexnary, and w\uf}\ «wdl the built williout ndding to 
the value. A volume Like this may \ii3 consideTed as ■ rartt tnria, in an 
age of many o])inioni, and as comfortublo and n.Trc*tiin|; oi a ^akepean 
TCithout notOR, or a ponulnr clnsiiic \nthout the supposed obscuritits tm- 
dcred Tathor more uninteltigittle by ingenious atti>mpts at elucidation. 
Wu feci positive gratitude to nii author wliost pugvs we can glide i^cDtly 
through, without effort or wearineit, who liewUders ua not with hart 
compounds, and who caa scarcely be typified as synoptic, iBsth«tiC| or 
idioHyiicratic : lurms douUlcas underatnoil tliorougbly by tlie inventors, 
but which mther myrtify the imsophiaticated resdin); public, and eom8> 
what confuse tlio liinple vemnculftr we studied in our school dny*. TheM 
ore " »fr>;ctatinnti," as honest Sir Hugh Evans utys of Pistol's metaphon, 
and in our hiimblo opinion would, be more honoured in the broooh tfaaa 
the observance. But wc am lonng uiir trail, it* thry sny on tho ponirisf, 
and getting nvray from Mr. Coke and hia agreeable narrative, to both of 
which wo must return, and by a short vxtract or two, Tcrify the oorrect- 
ue«3 oT our Qivouriible oplnloti. 

The parly, when liny started from St. Iiouia, having no experience of 
their intended niute, and an amplo command ormonpy,fell into mietakea 
vhtch rii^bt have been avoided, and whicti led to Home imped itncnts and 
disagrMable incidtnts, not of necesmity included in the progranime oT 
tb^ proceedings, and only discovered when too late for remedy, without 
meiificuig valuable mutcriul, and still more precious time. Wbnn nearly 
halfway, the coumgc of some began to aaze oul. and there was eveu talk 
of turning back in dcapair ; a course not unfrequontly adopted by ex< 
hausled emigrants. But consideration told tbein they were prcciwly in 
tlio predicament in which Macbeth had involved himself — in dUlicul. 
tiu (not blood) and could say with him we oro 

" SlMpM III ta fur, Oiat ■hoiitd wr woJo lu) moro, 
RMumitig wcrr n* Icdiaiu u gu u'or." 

About this time, acting on the urgent representatians of Mr. Coke, tho 
perty lepsmted, some of their utti:ndiirii!t were dismused altogetlier, and 
he himtdf proceeded, with no companion but an alKlelic parson, who 
Kniinds us occasionally of the inimitable Adumi, lupedully in liis burly 
proportiona and pugnacious niitilude. lie was soon joined by a faithful 
atlciidant called William, v.'^io, afler a life of roving adventure, woa 
deitiiicd shortly to perish in the Snake River. 

The oiiginal party, altliough few in numben, alone in the de»^, and 
shot oul from all commerce with their kind, except an occasional ren- 
contre with n tribe of nomadic Indians, or a family of emigrants, could 
not agree. Each condemned the other a plan of operations : words ran 
high ; qiiancls were of ordinary occurrence, and they scjidrated at last, 
by mutual consent, as wiv«i and huibands occasionally do, by decree of 
tite Conn&toriai Court, from "incompalibiltly of temper." Alaal poor 
tiunuui nature 1 even in the solitude of the prairies, inconsistency it thy 
cbonctcriitic ; nothing can control or drive out thy inhetent weakness. 

Aitox tliG separation of ihu party, they got on more quickly, and 


mUMut quaTTeli, and nil met agiun in fntniliihip it Uie end of the 
jouincy. tvith tbo cxtcption of one death in each delacbintsit by 
CMUftlljr. The danger o( liuvpning the pmines and cfoating the Toeliy 
(nountains it far Imb than the toil anil [irivation. Tlic principal di6l- 
cultiu lie in the scortity of proTiaionii. wood aiid wat«r, tbc constant 
abamce of good campinf; ^iinj. Die diabolical Uimper of iofetge mukt. 
aodlhe inaatiabk appetites of muaquitot and »ind-diuR. It might be tup- 
pCMd that a imnll party would be in more danger (rom ho«tile altaclc, 
whether by buffoloea, wolvca, or wild Indiana, than a largiet one; but 
thi« wai not verified by Ihei experiment. The native Indian* in theae 
distiicta arc few and tmttvrtd, and citliiT partial to, or afraid of the 
vhile man. They iteal ndroilly whenever an opportunity occurs, bat 
tha totnahawl; or scnipiitg-knifo i» scMoni called into action, except to 
Mtle tli«ir own little ilitTcrencfL Tim Mght of a stnglr rifle in tltc haiMta 
of an Enftliahnian or Yankee, suffices to kc«p a whoI>) tribo in otder. 
wliiln a few glittering copprr {xircunnon cnpo, grncmlly appease their 
cupidity. Ae Sliukipeareaaya^ " Misery bringe lu acquainted with itrange 
bed fellowB,** ao doei wandering in the prairiei entail curiou* diacoreriea 
in tho art culinary, which have not yet founil their wny into the pa)^ of 
the "Almanac itei Gourmands," ami nritlicr irde nor Soyer have imn- 
{[ined eren in dreams. On the 13th of July, 1850. the party shot two 
ptmiric dogK, n hnrr, and n ruttl«iiiil.'(.', which, Mr. Coko say*, vten nil 
capital eating, not excepting the anake, cooked by the l^lar of tits 
Chiirrli, as lie deti|^at<ri tlicir pnrsnn, and who pronounced it aa good as 
eel. Thin rcmiiidi ua of tlie aiiei.-ilote in Wasliington Irvinji'a story oT 
the" Inn nt Tcmicitui," in which )te says '■itic Kiigtinhmaii ale heartily 
of a disli which looked lik« stewed cols, but nearly refunded them when 
told they wore viper* cuugbt in the neighbourhood, and c«tc«med a puti- 
rulor delicacy. We hnri; ounelvei partaken, witli conaidetshle Ruato. in 
France, of frieaie^'d fro;;B, and slewed snails, but these delicacies ore 
nothing to what ttin Wtdoiv' in lludihras inenliocis an coiutttuting the 
&vourile dishes of on Kastern potentate. 

" rUe 11, 

astern potentate, ^m 

liim of C-oiTitiay's ilsiljr food, ^^M 

I, and iNuitiik, and utad I' " ^H 

Amon^ the popular Indian feasts, a puppy.doe roasted aliT* l|^etn 
to bo held in high pit! mat ion. Our author and lua conipauiona auAvad 
much annoyance from the itnmic viciouxnVM of their mules, for which 
there aeems to be no efficacious remedy but intense flopging, both before 
the ofTcnco, as a warning, and after it as a piuii&hment. " When a 
mule," sayshe, "makea up her mind to kick & rider off, ilic j^neraliy does 
it They are fiir worse to sit upon than any hone, for they will turn 
found BO ifuiclcly, using their hind leg* as a pirot, that, unless a person 
ia accuatomed to woltuns, he is apt to tumble off with giddinns ; vcr)- 
often they jump up and throw themselves with such vioienco to the 
ground, that thoy break tli« girth* of tli« saddle, and free theonselvee in 
thia manner of tlicir mastefs."— Then, na the favourable jter conbtt tide, 
he odda, ** Any mule can undergo twice as much as a horse, but when 
they combine the tjualilie* of a good riding animal with their oxtra- 
oidinary powers of endurance, one rude mule is worth six horaea for an 
expedition of this kind." All future trareilers who purpose following 
(his route, would du wisely to profit by what Mr. Coko tdls u* respecting 
Ihc peculiantic* of these mtilea, and the best mode of dealing with them. 



On the £th of S«pt«mti«r, Mr. Coke, with his two eompAtiiftna, reached 
Port Hall, B Bort cf half-way houge, where they ovurloolc their fonner 
teWovf tmvdlcTs from whom they huA Bepnrntcd. They received a warm 
WBteome from Mr. Grant, the cominandcT, but at thi>K weTt no supn- 
ftoousproviaiuiis to be (lii:[)oiir<t of, piitlml forwuri) in advance on tliu 7th. 
The meeting was >o cati«fac1i>ry, ihut t)ie iHtrtic* were strongly tempted to 
Te*unitc, but anticipating the continuod adrantaffe (alrvtdy ex|>ori«ii>c«d). 
of moving in itiminisliocl numbctn, {xrnevtTcd in Uio masiiii tliey had laid 
down oidieide rt inijfra. We now roTOC to a tragic episode, th« death 
of poor William the Hunter, which &ccurred in folding the Snake titer. 
The incident, though ndnncholy, it highly inlvreiting, an^ » graphically 
dencribod by Mr. Coke, who wai nearly drowned hiiriu-lf. 

Oit th); t^th of October all reached the station of the Dullo* on the 
Colombia, wboro Ihey w«re moit hoapitably rcccivi^, and rocruitod their 
cxtimutcd tiTvngth witli the long absent luxury of roast beef, geod wine, 
and abundance of oiher creatim comfort*. On the 2(Hb they i^nliarked 
in a canoe, and rowed down the niajvtttc Btivam, which is described U 
reiembling the fiiieRt parti of the Uanube or the Rltw, tlie icenerj sur- 
pasaingly rich and IwAutifut, but, Cke everything elee in the New tV'orld, 
on a grander scale than the eyes of a Guropvun arc accustomed to loot 
upon, and in much more gigantic proportions. On the iSai the ftdven- 
turous tmr-'Ilers reached Fort Vatuouviv, not far from Oregon city, the 
ritiiig capital of the Engliah province, in time for dinner, and ODca mora 
took up their quarters under thu glorious protection of the Britiih flag. 
The enterprixe is accomplished ; ouuru^e and pcmrverance are enwned 
with full succcas. \Vt congratulate our daring rcllow-countrymen, and 
lyimMithixe warmly with their feelings of triumph, while wn candidly 
eonwas we have soarcoly active amhition enough to follow ■» their foot- 
■lep*, or emulate their hardy achievenienu The uiuirallccl meffnifieenoe 
of Nature in all her primeval solitude, boundless on the piairica and 
niounlain ridge* of the great Western Cntitincnt, impresses the mind 
with awe and veneration, and a dcei> sense of hutnun iosigniltcance. 
But still thero is inseparable from this lonely grandeur, a feeling of 
monotony and sameness whivh weighs down the spirits, and drives back 
the excuruve imagination vrilh rcgtct and lingering partiality to the 
liistoric associations of the Old ^Vorld ; to the " Castled Crag of Dn»- 
^chenfela,** th<:' frowning towers of Rliraibreitstetn, the gorgeous cathedrals, 
jthe mined abbeys, tlie proud remains of liomari and Orecian importance 
[■nd early civilization ; the buttle-fieldB of Maruthon. and Moiat, nod 
Waterloo ; t)ie glorious liti-mture, tlie undying records, with the thousand 
^Mlier reminisccnccB, which bind man lo all the diflerent races of hia kind 
that have occupied their ])Iiu-eH in due succession, and form a regular 
OonitMiting link betn'ten his present slate of high cullirution, ant) that in 
vhich he originally sprang, fresh and uiilutorcd from the hand of the 
beneficent Creator. 

We are sorry to obst-rve that Mr. Coke remarked the superior prospects 
of an American acttkr in On-gon, oa contnutcd with those of an emigrant 
in our nci^ihouring colony at Voncoiirer's Island. However we inay 
grieve, we are loo much actustouHM] to this to feel surprise. When will 
the authorities to whom tlie mnaagenient of our calunial interests is 
intnuted open their eyes, or exercise something likt- sound judgnMTit I 
We oak the ouettion in tnouniftd anxiety, and echo answers " When } " 
On the 20th November, 1 8^0, the party embarked for the fiandwich 

lalM, by ill luck in a nniEuliirly iilow-*ailm(; lirig. They were told the 
paiiage wa« uBunlly one of three weeks, mjcI luid in proriaion* nccoidingly. 
Thrir discomfort wu tuch on board the " JUury Dare,' that they rcgret- 
Ud the biroUBC* on llie pnuriet, and were doometl to cxhsust aenn 
WMiV ire«ks bvfore they reaahcJ tli« beautiful group ot iiliuid*, blooming 
in all th« luxuriance ijf tiupKul vcgotutioiii with which Nalure has to 
profusely adorntMl (hose gems of th« PaeifJG. At Hnitololn, the capital of 
WoAlion, thoy «pont m wooka moat ofpreeably, woro pttrlicul&rly struck 
witli tlK aiiiiiiatioii and naiot maati^n of the wyAeena; or iialirc ladies, 
Miitted at man- than one choice dog &ait, and were prfj«rili<il by tha 
Ooniol-Gnncnil, Mr. Miller, at a gnuid levoc, or r«c«plion, to Hi> Mojcfity 
King TamcliainHia tlie Third, and his august cunitort. TJic aflaii pasted 
off with becoming decorum, and seeniB to have been a reasonably Tx^Jp«c1- 
abl« tckrasty of royally, with the qn&tili cation tliat his Mojoaty, occord- 
inj; to nutoro, \na considenibly imdtir tho influence of the brandy butlls^ 
Tlw! minicter of Foreign AA'airs, a gentl«tnan endowed wilh a powojful 
Scotch accent and nn eiiuruiout atar, obterved to the author writb 
much complacency. " We do things in a humble way, but, yc "U 
obaurvc. royalty is royalty all over (he irorld, and Tami^ameha i* 
M much tho king of hli dontinioii*, as Vtctorin la the Queon of Great 
Britain.' They quitted the island without \iaitiiij; iW cliintic s]K>t hal- 
lowed by th« death ol'Ciiplnin Cook, or the j^eat volcano of Monna Koa, 
the latest iti th<-- wurld, which is cb^ae to it. But ^t^. Cuku remiuku, 
" of (tght-aecing ne had had our fill, and what small anionnl of tmve]- 
Ui^ energy ranainod in mo, [ dotormint^d to rcftcrvo for my disagreeabla 
ilay, at 1 anticipiU«d it would be, in tlie gold region*." Aceordinsly he 
sailed fron) Woahoo in February 1S51| and after the ustiol di«:oinfi)rt of 
a three weeks' Toyage, anchored in th« fiir-fitmed bay of St. Fraiteitca 
■nd at the mouth of tliu ^ncraniioiito. A few ycara ainoc, tbi« neblc 
estuary wsi an empty roaditeod. unruntwed by a keel. Now. the flags 
of every nation in the world may be ae«n there gaily fluttcrinf; in the 
breeze ; a va«t city ciidrclea the bay, hourly inercaiing in aizo, in pro- 
fimlj wasted wealth, and in appalling demoralization ; while an enor~ 
moui rooM of shipping ia congregated togtthtf, second only to the for«tt 
of masts which grvec* the eye at Loudon, Liverpool, and perimps Now 

The author'* impresiiona of St. Prenciaco, the country generally, and 
tlic Nti's of tilt- " Diggings" in particular, are clearly and condensely re- 
corded in a letter written to a friend in England on the Hth of Mardi, 
and which, without hiit knowU'd^, was publiibcd in the Tinm New». 
paper. Wasting health and life in the acquirement of jzold, wssiing the 
large sums of gold thua acquired, and tho time expeiidcd along with it, 
in rccklcu gnmbiing, atid pmetinng Lynch bin* in preference to tdl other 
Arma of l^slatur*, when what thsy coneidcr expediency recommends 
summary puniihmant, these appear to be ihi; Ihrw leudiitg characieristics 
of Califumittu aociety. It is curious to speculate un what, in a few yeus, 
may b« tho political poaiUon of this raat and incalculably rich territory. 

Id addition to the gold, which promiiea to be extisuilleas, thuy have 
abo discovered ininet of quicksilver, which yield front 3000 to 4000 poiinilB 
of metal daily, and in a comiiicreial tcnK arc even more valuable than the 
gold itwIH The inhabitants are contributjoni from every nation under 
the (un, speaking more langungea than were diaco^iracd in Babel. 
Nstionality tliey luv« none, and llieir tie to the foderal union ii a 



noniiiKil f»mi tinnging by n llircnd. They can and wilt sever it when- 
ever caprice or grouing power fiugrj^U tlic mcutirv, anil there U 
nuthing to prevent them prvcluiniiiig tlicintdvi-ii an tii<]L-pcii<i(nit repub- 
lic, or a kingdani, or an empire, accordini; as the term may suit the 
Louis NftpoEcottB oftho moment. IIo\r t> th« federal gorcmnimt oflhe 
United Statex to rvwit Uiln, and ^rliat )>eiivrit docs it denvc ffoni Calilbr- 
nia. under exislinc amuigeiiientB ? To inarcli an anny, with all tlie 
heavy mnti-riel of nnr, ncroaa tlie Rocky Mountain*, it diSicuU almoct (o 
impoe&ibility, and the lime such an operation would require, if ii>detd 
piucticsble at all, would reii(i<>r eucccei a iiuriu'lu. The tame objwtioa 
applict t<i the di.'ipateh of an annninuiit by tlie cireuituun route of Capo 
Honk. Thii land tlireatcned with coercion would lutvc many months to 
prepare and render their Eea hoanl unatliickabk. 

Culifm-nin ii a nut of volcanic activity, teeming witli inlscliier or 
beaelit to the social tystem of the world, according at the current of 
events may direct the extrBordinary rcjourcei of thti anaiiialom rej^on. 
It may bccotne u vast vnipurium of civilized humanity, or n pvmicioui 
cciUtc of lawless buccaneers. 'I'hc lamc iupi;rintendtng Power whidi 
liaa permitted the nppoitint liatie, will, in its own diie time and manner, 
provide the antidote. 

Mt. Cope concluiJcs his volume rather abruptly, saying in few words, 
that they went b^' steam to Acapuico ; from Ampulno tliey nde withotit 
adventure to the city of Mexico ; frvim Mexico to Vera Cruit ; theNce by 
Riail'puckct rii Jutimica ntid St. Thomas, and landed at Suuthaiiiplon, 
in tho middli* of .luno, 1K51. 

On the voyage out, we omitted to stale that he touched at, and give* 
brief notices of itarbadoes, St. Thomas, St. Domingo, JamiucB, ai>d 
Cuba. •?)) rautr to Charleston and New York, Wfore cnKring on the 
^ent oliject of his liaveU. He appear* to have been moi'e struck with 
the hentily of Jamaica than Cuhii, and his accuimt of the HavunnU) is 
far leas faroumble than that ve have lately met with, in the glowing de- 
Boiption of I.iidy Emelinc Stuart Wortley. His impression appears to 
haw been decidedly that the Cubans wen; wearied with the yoltcof old 
Spain, and would exchange it on the earliest opportunity. Their late 
conduct during tlie nusin of Lopcx, scarcely bean out this conclusion. 
We knrii vith much satliifaction, that, in our own islandn, Jamaica in 
particular, the condition of the emancipated slaves ia ameliorated by tliis 
change, a Inct tvliich \\a* oftrn bci^n dcnivd. 

A very animated poilrait of the author is prefixed to this liroly 
Tolume. It speaks dHermmation, good humour, inleliigenee, and buoy- 
ancy, and, altogether, nrprosMit* pr^cinely the lort of companion wc 
should like to have by our side in any undertaking where there is 
danger to be met, privation to bo eudurod patiently, or difficulties to bo 
triumpliaiitly overeoiue. 





** Oil : TWO ho her* in »ll Uie priito nf vtmth, 
M'tih honour, rkloar, UBdcmeH, in<l truth '. "— CiAsac. 

It «u tha> tlutt I via> p«ivuaded to Uave London for the CouUaant 
one TMT. 

One of th« objoeti of my heart's best Awlio^ had appealed to mo in 
• toitdiing note lo join a pic-oia, at which the waa to be preMot, au^l I 
bad accepted her iDvilalion, promisiDK' to atlend with aevere auevem* 

Another also of tny vieliniB hail ri-'qutiitcd llio pl«aHur« of ray society 
at a aimilar juakciing, and witb oaihs as soteiun i had pledged my 

I wrote upon a Sunday to each of the fair b«jn^, rM]u«Bting for in- 
formalioD as to Llie Bceoe of tliii fV«tiTtti«». i received two note*, wliich, 
but for the ngnaturei, might hare been dupUoatea. 

" DuK Mo. 1 

"Tomorrow, — Tirginis- Water, — H o'clock train. Waterloo 

" Youit, 
■■> Swiday, Jntj Oth, 18^" 

But honour re^oiret nw to fupprcn the adrerbt aa well u ttte uatnea 
of tbc KutwcriptiouR. 

PItiBgeil in <ii>»[iiur, I know not what to do. Had on« of the pic-oica 
be«D at KoFHood, or even at Birminf^hani, and the other at Virginia. 
Water, by dint of trains and cabs I nii|{ht have favouretl both partiei 
with my iniich-drNnv! pretence ; but "hdasl ' as Mndcinoiaclle Hoohol 
pathi'ticdlljr t*yf, the tplritii of each of the damsels had b«en moved 
towards the same spot hy toy eutogiHt and 1 could not join the one with- 
out DMeiing and conHiiavDily oflRmding thn other. I'hu Crordiaii knot 
of pcrpU-xity iiiiiifht however be cut by the aword of decision, and each 
Etir one received early on the morning of the jaunt the foUowtog epi(tl«, 
tlio draft of which I subjoin. 

" Albira over which I hare no coBlrol compH me lo fly to the 
Contioant. A diplomatic niation, do less secret than delioate, compfla 
■ay atteadaiice at a private coogrcas at Kuraalhaatent and duty aternly 

roqBirea obedienu. You wUl bclierc xac, swc** { ^^1^^^^ \ "'"" ' 

aMure yoo of tbe grief that thia will cause me ; but I am convinced that 

""^ 1 Gm^tdve I ^^^ aeter wlah owj to dcMrt loy countrj, when it 




■tandi 10 much in noed of my «crvioc«. A<!i«ii, again, my detrett, mjr 

life.toiumupttll, my -! ,, *^_'. . '■ | and Uilok on one who lovM thc« 


" Thiae, true, and almoit brokon-bearted, 

" Ohlanvo.' 

A puaisbment scon, however, overtook me, snd an Avm^pDj; deity 
dogged my footRtcp* ; for deep in the roccMn of the Antwerp ficAtuvT a 
nbin, I poured out my grief in a baain of th« villow paitero. I retnctn- 
her veil hov I noted t^e bridge over which tlic three fiBlied-taiW rousi- 
ci»nB vandorod, nnd a knoving wink io tha eye of on« of the bird), ts I 
gast-J longing on iho i-arthenwnre. 

And eqiinl is the irabin of th<? " Soho" Vo thst mkbrstpd Hole of 
Calcuttn,nnd like wnx the conduct lowardti tW^aaivngc-rxof itnaltmidnnts 
to ibnt of ih« gaoltrft of Suraj^ih Do'tlah towards tb«r prisoner^ wbo, 
u the Rreat e&uyiat of the day has it, "niockcd their aj^oniM," 
" hi-ld light* to the hiini, and tlioutcd witb laughtrr at iho fntotic 
Mriigitles of their TicliiDS," till "at length the tumult died away in low 
gaepings and moanings." 

<f ladly did th<? preaent writer f««I as the boat pnllvd up the Scheldt, 
and aa hie foot pressed the Belgian soil bis heart bounded with grati- 
tude for his deliverance, and he rveo glowed with admiratjon on the 
thoughta of the valour i>f thu naiives. Keed he tell how he aaw 
W slcrloa and tlnititels, how Kpa claimed his attention, and bow Cologne 
disagreed with h'n nose. 

Is it necessary to relate thni that vulgar woman, Mxr. Shi-nkin np- 
Shone, the wife nf thi! rich tin roaster, courted him on the Rhine, ait 
he spoke German and knew the Princea, and how she has »ince cut him 
in London ; and will the reader iniist on hit narrnling liow a fat woman, 
Mrs. Brill, the wife of a banker and daughter of a wine merchant, did 
th« »smc thing? In fact, sinre even Ludtam's young men enjoy their 
fortnight " (jup <hi! Hlniid " umiuully, there is no oocaatnn for th« 
writer to describe that " noble river," nor, in fact, any part of his travel 
till his arrival at Kunaalhnuten. 

K unuulhsiiaen i*, as all moderately ediiralnd pcmons know, the capi- 
tal of a statu, coDiaining a poptilntinn about half tlial of Rirniinghain, 
Ita prtDcipul productions are husbands for qiieenF, and a seedy nobility; 
its amy comiit* of twn field -mnrshnt?, rlrvon grncrala, ihrrc colonels, 
many majors and subnlierns, and thirty-two rank and file. Its govent- 
ment is constitutional : its chambers consisting of tbr«e individuals, one 
of whom u prcnick'nt with two casting roten. The order of the Boot of 
Kuraaalhausen is a denoralion much in vogue (the writer la Knight- 
graad-eroHS thereof) and is only conferred, as this will show, on disltn- 
guishad penonngc*. 7*ho roTenties are levied principally on stranger*, 
who mart to the tables, where in return for their money they are pro- 
vided with mtiiie, newspapen, a&d other recreations. Allow me to 
return to the 6r>t ptnian. 

I bad been some time at Kursoalhauscn, when one day, having dined 
with bis Mightiness the Elector (kraut on the table at precisely I p. m-)> 
after a dinner which lasted till aeven o'clock, p. m., I adjourned 
with his llo}'al IligbnesR I*rince Emile of Kiirsaalliatisfn, then genera- 



linimo of the forces of the stat«, to a ball given at the principal Pamp- 

My appearanee !a society ulili liis Royal H!glra«», and dworatH, 
in complimcni to ihc r<i(rninit fartiily. with ihc ymatf cortUn of the 
ordt-r of tht; Bool (riband y«llo« villi Mack bonJcrt) c«u*ed no small *ttr 
anidat tny fellow-cuuDirymmi. Mrs. Shenkin np-Sliooc, nith fawning 
tooileB. pierailed upon me to preient ber to the Prince, nboin she hai 
aiuM cnt«rtain«d at Shone Caitlo, Moat^romaryakire, and Scaford- 
•tr«#t, London; od vrhicli latter oocasioo Mrc. ap-Shone (who by the 
war «ai educated aa a |i;ovemc»i) collected to receirc ber illustrioua Kueat, 
Fii^ld Mni>hnl the Duko of Brvntfonl, and Lord George Towwr ; the 
Bui aud Couiileavof Cbollop; Lord Bni»)icr()ntil lu be Mra. op Shono'i 
ki»er, but quite cut oui by the Prince) ; Sir Anhurand Lodj i:ike|F(rIes ; 
Sir Giles Tiwley, and Mr. Brunt. Mrk Britl, th« bankor't Kilo, 
wagged ber bead towards nie violently, thervt)>' divpUciiw the fat Mr>H> 
klea ia ber wicked old neck ; and tbe repreaentativea of oaliona could 
Msrcely conceal their veMOn, feeling (between oonelres with juitiec) 
Uaal my prraencc boded them no ((ood. 

Secreily pleased, I miut confeas, at thii Ifiuinphi I wai preparing to 
depart, when my appearaoce wa« ^uddeiilr arrealed by leeiog my 
BCpbetr, Charley Ourraot, of the Grenadier Guards, composedly placing 
large rouUauj of gold on the roulette table, ai ihouKO be were not 
entirely di'peudeat on me for hk liTing, the interest at his own pitiful 
fire tbousand bcioK forratuUcrl for years to come. Silently I silrode up 
to hiis, no muscle of my faco betraving emotion. Stem aa Urutua at 
the aacrifice of mv ncjibi-w, far I felt tLat luiy cniottou perceptible on 
my fiue might at iliai iiionnent have endanfrcrcd the peace of Europe. 
Silently I strode up to my nephew in alt the mnjealy of aruncular indig- 
natioDi though tb» *p«'Ctator would have imugincd mc a atranger to 
him, ho himielf confusedly recogniiiug m« in my wrath, and returning 
tbe cold bow with which I gtvi-ted him. He fell bis iniquity, and 
would have avoidud my glance, but be was not to escape. I Mi^rnly 
bade him call oa mo the Dcit day, and left tb« rootn tmiling my adicui 
to the aociety. 

Early the (blloving toorning I rcceiTcd n note from Miia Julia Bnll, 
tbe youngest daughter of Mra. Brill, the banker's wife, whom the latter 
ancient atraiegiat had flre>(iuei>t1y manaired (o tlirow in luy way. Mad I 
b«en a yoangcr man, I migbt perhaps nave iboaght of her, for «he waa 
a nice ebabby girl, with grey ey<4 and snail hands, in fact, ^uite my 
style ; maU d man o^, — fur, though do one would think it, I am on tbe 
abady side of fifty — such an ides would be ridicaloua, and beudcs, I am 
already doubly pra^ogaged, as my reader kno«a, in I^ndon. Ilow- 
cvrr, marry or not, I did not open Mina Julia's l<?lter, without that 
•light ircmor, that one etwayi feels on opening a com muni cat ion, of the 
MnMUU of which oa« has not tho slightest idea, vrittca by a girl, of 
wboM beauty one baa a very viirld coiweptloo. Thus it ran i — 

- Dkjlii Mil 

" Piay don't be angry with Charley ; to let you into a deep secret, 

lie came here fur my siko, and if you arc angry with hito, yoo will 
make him and / (T) botli *«ry unhappy. He promises he "ill never 
again go to tbe iabte*i and if you will not be angry with Charley, wn 


Tha bellisb invitation wia repeated. Now infirtuBte<^ be divided bit 
heap into tbree portions, placing them respectively on ihe twye, the 
)ut dosen and the^tV. He awaits the result. A mist swam over my 
eyes ; I felt nhen that was gone, my sister's child was penniless. The 
snm was Htaked ; even should be wish to do so, it was loo late to with- 
draw it. Too late/ 

"Le jeu est ftut" — the whirling ball was beard, then a click, then 
the wheel swang slower and lacier, and after one or two bounds, the 
hall had found a home. 

" Neuf, — n<rir, — impair, — manqae I " 

I felt what was to come. I sprang firom my seat, aboot to rush for< 
ward to beg his forgiveness, to embrace bim, to nurse him as a child, 
to give him all he should want, my hoarda, my love, bia bride, his life — ■ 
but it was too late, I screamed, " Oh, Cbariey, stay I " but it waa too 
late ; the hand that had been concealed in his poclcet moved rapidly to 
his head ; a click, — a report, — and he lay pnntrate on the ground ; hit 
brains spattered on the floor. 

I rushed towards him ; the liveried servants raised the corse, and, 
supported by the Russian, I|^followed him unconsdously through the 
long hall. The door opened for him, and as I saw him, his shattered 
head lying on his bosom, borne from the place whither he had entered 
full of youth and life, the ball was wfaiising on the wheel, and the 
imfeeling voice still reached my ears, " Messieurs, faites voa jeux; le jeu 
est fait." The portal closed upon the rest 

la this a dream ? — No. The homeless man wanders from room to 
room of his wide habitation, heirless, friendless, kialess, no visioa of 
his old age can be fulfilled, no diildren prattle at his knee, no soft 
woman can shed peace upon bis heartii. He can crave forgiveness of 
no earthly thing, his prospects offer nought but solitude, while his 
hopes seek nought but death. 

*«* The " Miscellany " for January 1st, contained, in addition to 
numerous articles by distinguished writers, a Memoir, with a fine 
Portrait, from a drawing by E. U. Eddis, of the Right Hon. Tltomaa 
Babington Macaulay. 


wiTu A ponuir or vomtt bockihouam- 

Wkbw Ototge III. aiwoii.W tlie tbraw! there were thrt^ p«rltc( in 
Euglai>d, Wbt^ Torict and Lord Bute. The tn'o former had onK 
down from the itevoltUian, and thvir cn.^'dii win- wvW underttood, with a. 
broad line of demarcation bctiv^en tlii-in, nhicli Vajil tUvm in u fiuniiiim 
ofunful ftnUgonism. The lort hud been nursed at Loiccitcr House in 
tlia Coort oflhe Prino! of Wales, and arrired at maturity on the 3Cth of 
Orlolwr 1700, axaetly at that moment oftiint when b» Rbval Higtiiiesi. 
who was ridii^ out in the neiglibuurhood of Kew, rcccired a note with & 
private mark upon it, to inform him that iii« gmndtiithcr ww dead. 
The doctrines of the Wh^ and Tories wen pat«nl to t)i« world, and as 
old as the Constitution out of whicli Ihrv cpranK. But the mmi of the 
Btil« coterie were n«w. They cOR)]u«hended a tvitcm of nianngAtnent 
rather than n oode of priiiciptMi oixl their chief obj«cl was to surround 
tho SoTereign with a prirati' circi« of tntrij^ers, who thould rpodcr him 
iikl«p6fidmt i^hia miniiten^ and who, by the fbive of bockstairt cabal 
and M<cT«t influence, ahould finally bmnk up the «Mabliah«d rombina- 
tionR, and found their own power, with vtiinificachable impartiality, on 
the wreek of Ix^h Whi|^ and Torit^s. Ueorge III., who dtariy loved 
■initter kIwdicb and stratsgtniSi care tho full weight of his support to 
this clwet connincjr a^iut the honour of tJie throne and Uie dignity 
of liii rMponnble adritcra. 

When hia ftlaJMly auoceeded to the Crown, ho found the Whip in 
poaageaion of alt the power which i^not alliancn, the trodittoiic of long 
and fiutlilid parlianwntary Mirriccs, and a wide btmii ol' popularity could 
beatow. The policy of tho Dute taction, or, more Bccuiat«iy ■pMKin^'.of 
Lord Itute, fbriM wai the h«ud and front of the facUun, woa to bivuk uji 
the Whifi party, to humiliule H» fiieinb«r« one by one, and, aa it wotdd 
hare been too formidable an undenakin; to auail them openly in tho 
agp^Bte, tho ta&>r and mMner eourau waa adopted, of cndeaToiiring to 
waakoD and diauntte tlwni by individual alights and dismiMals in detail. 

The chapter of politicnl nian«uvci»g opened up by thii palace confe- 
deracy, it one of the moat lurpriiing in the annali of the country ; and 
tbora is gome difficulty in undofstaiuling how it could have been per- 
mitted to CKcrciae to damaf[in(( an affcet upon the govenuncnt of En|;* 
land. Marcfly a hundrad yaan ago ; at n period, too, whea luch in«n as 
iuniui and >\'ilkfri were aeardiing out abuses and donotmonc farouritism 
and arbitmr; power in all dopartncnu of tbe atato. In refcrencv to the 
Whig!, apart from tie trtamery in other reapecU, it was especially 
nngraciou* and uiigrattTul, Moing that they bad been all along tbc 
Staunch supportera of the reigning Mmily. But all considerations of tliat 
kind gnre way before the personal antipathies of the Kinit. who, like too 
many weak and vicious people in tho world, was ncltiatcd by tho bit- 
t«ra«t animoeily agaitut thoae (ram wboin he and his Hanoveiian con- 

* Aleotuin of tbe Man|nlB of Becliin|[Iiuii and tiii Couieroporartes. Wlilt 
Original l^turrsand Donaaaai^ new firu puliliitied. Bj iisarpThanMs KmI ol 




ncdioni had derived the laiTjest amount of beii«rfitR. They had laM lilnr 
under obli)^tioni ky tho KlcadliuUicn of their loyalty, and he hnil no 
way «f acquitting himself but by revengo, which hecertoinly carried into 
effect tnoit induKtriouily at Koon aa tlie o|>portunity iire»oiiI?d itvr-lf. 
FiM, Chatham {then Uiu" Great Comnioner"), »nd Temple, liia Vrothar- 
iii-laiv. were got rid of; not, howevpr, wthout jome "how of nwcsKity 
in reference l« the war quBttion, upon vfhich tht'y wer« obitinate — aii 
nlwtinacy n-'iidcn-d, no doubt, ofl«»uv« and insupportable by the tni'ele- 
rale pomposity of Temple. Then the Utikc of Nmvciistlf, after n (iirvice 
(rf fifty yean, wai forced (ml of office without a single expiesiion of 
irgrct orcouiteay on the pari of the KiiiR. 

Having thus cleared a^^oy the old Adininiat ration, Lord Bul<-, stt'p- 
(Htin out CfftliK ehndowi of llie Court under whuw nhrllvi he had hitherto 
diachargcd hia obnoxious fiuiGtionn with impunity, took thi? gowmmfnt 
into bis own handt ; but he was scarcely installed in tli« Tnanury wlien 
be tolicitMl the Duke of Newcxstte to return. The lure was thrown out 
in vain. Noitlier Newcastle nor hi» frionda would hav« anythii^ to i<t 
with him. 

A more pitiable exhibition can hardly be conteived than this But« 
Cabinet, which, like a revolving light, presented a constant succrMion 
of tlick«nng gleams and piirtiul eclipiics. His whole ti^nure of office, 
with a eertain a&siimption of confidence when it suited his puipose, hung 
upon his effort* to strengthen his hands from the rank* of ihc very parly 
he had heliifd to expel. There was consii«teiicy> liowever, in this desira 
to draw a few Whigs about him. It was only a continuation, in a new 
and more seductive shape, of the tactics he had all throughout purnied | 
and was rcitlly intended, in addition to the mdral support he should derira 
from their eo-operation. to foment jeolousici nmon^t them, and sever the 
ncisling tics by which they were iimt«d. Uutliia tactics foiled. The 
leading chiefs wt-re not to be dupfl by such truiisparent artitices, and 
they acted together with ^ater concert than ever. 

Under theM drcum«tances, liai hfajcsty tliought that some deci*iv« 
blow nudit to bd struck, in the hope of trrrifyitig thrni into suhniisaion ; 
and the individual selected (or the experiment was the Didee of Devon- 
shire, at that lime Lurd Chunibcrlaiii, n mati of a timid disposition unci 
unsullied piurity of life. 

The Utike had continued to hold the office of Cliamberlain after the 
rctiri^mvnt of the Duke of N(:wcaitle, simply as an appointment in the 
houBchold, having Tt^spcctfully intimated to tiiu King that lui cotilil no 
lanfpr assist at councils tc)iob« principles he disapproved, but that hi? hod 
no objection to retain hw staff, freed from |>olitical responsibility. Ilis 
Majesty had accepted his services on tlirte von ili lion «, hut Iwing now 
nMulved to mortify him. and, thr.Migh liini, his whole party. h« suddenly 
summoned him to attend a mevtiiig of the cabinet. The Duke hiid no 
altcmntivf in this tnoat unroyal br«a<^ti of good faith, but to tender his 
ruigiution, and going to St. James's I'olace for that purpose, rec«ived a 
message from tht; King, through the medium of a pa|^. that his Majesty 
would not tee him. This outrage upon the fillings of one, who it di^ 
Bcrilcd by a contemporary, as " tho first and test subject the King had," 
produced univerasl conttcraalion. It was felt that nobody waa two from 
the violence and indecorous resentments of a soveieign who stooped to 
Bkicli pclty reprisals. " Th*Te nnver was such behaviour," said the Duke 
of NewcEullo; "it must affect all the nobility, and all thoaa who can 



^imaeh liii Mnjrsly. Had 1 any call to tl 1 Imiiw wtut I tlioiOd d» 

Tin reaignittion of the Duko wa* umancly followed by titat at his 
tiMtlwr, who hdd the otiico o( ComplrAller k the Houwhold, and wlio 
wu as ilUtrcntrd in thu doiet i» the Dulie, who wns not pCfmUtcd ti> 
enter it ; ih« King toaing hU bead, and Baying, " If a person wants to 
n«i^ hit staff; I don't dotira h« thould keep it." Tho imta of th* 
ladtgiiily sjircod, and levefal re«igr)alions ensued. The fint amnngtt 
tbein WBi thai of the Marquis of Kockinghain, one of tbi- Lorda of tlie 
Bedchamber. A poMag^* from a Ictttr of hit, on ihii occasion, tc tha 
Duke of Cumberland, the Kine's uncle, exhibits with a«curacy Iha po^ 
tioD of the Whig and the initiist<.Tial imrlics, and tbc iiiatiroa by which 
the writer and hi» fricndi were governed in the course they punued ; — 

" Thu Uu irMUnsnt of llw Duke of DeTon^liirc icenied (o m*. In thratruni^t 
ligtil, (uUy la csplnin ili« iBiviiiiiiii bii'I iW (Hiirtxiiry of ntl llio d'minltv urmnifr- 
menu. I . (Iim<i>rt>, )ia<l Ihn honoTir i>r iin ni»licni:r iif hia itmjvny an WttiamA^j 
lOaraiag, whcrctn t humtiif infuniMNl lu> dlajotlf, lh«I tl uai nith icrpiit cocioorn 
UiM I nv (lit' itiiAfnty o( tl'aoouDCiU wbldl bow bad wci^^lii wiJi In in , ilul llii^ 
wront fullj aboHL'J U>c ttctcrmioMioa tlmt tboM pviMiiu alio tiiul hiilirrtv \>ota 
alwsn the nii»i umilily niuclicil lo hi* royal preilcos^irB, aiiil «lii> hail hiilicnn 
dfMr'veill}' liad tbe f^rrtlnt weight in t)u> (niintry, wrminw ilrivr>n oiti of my 
kliaro in thn KnvprnmvQt nf this uuuiitry, anil marked out ntlicr na lAjttiU of Iiia 
Slaji^y*! itiipltuoiiT. tliaii of ki* (ni'iiiir ; llinl tlie ulnrili na* uv>><!">l "iinMiot Liu 
NaJMtv's enntt kAvdi'ituii' ■u>jM'ii, Mill tliat it ajipefeml tii rat in ilii* lictt; — it 
nu),'1it b« thaiighi, if I tontinued tii ufioo, (hat 1 either hud not ihe fiiilmenia 
wk!cli 1 iWIktMi or tliat I dingaiiaJ tfatoi, and aeicd a put whwb I dUiiai*i>il " 

To thfH, and all timilar romonttiances, bia Majesty mode the nme 
curl and n^puUive amwor, — that h« AH not desirv any pemiD should 
continue in hi* aervice any lunfier ttmn it wa> Ofrreeable to him ; and nx it 
had ceowd to be 8|{TecabIe to nit men ot'bigh tpirit and ]<oliticnl iitdupcn- 
denee, the •eetMion* wtn nuiiiernun, aitil llio mi>n who were found lo fill 
the vacated place* were regarded wiih universal odium. 

Here tlven waa the nadeui of a now Whij; combinalinit. The Duke of 
Pevonithire and his brother had itnigned, the MarijiiU nf Kocbinghum had 
rtaigned, the Marquii of Oranby and Lord AsbtitiTTibnm had rvsifpiod, 
and the indijjnatioa whicli they carried with thrm into the runka of the 
Wluff oppocition hnglitened the dtsMntcnta and eontirmf.'d tliehoatility 
whioi already prevaited there. But it was not until the King, who 
aeems to hnrc bmn m» violent in hi* Itatrode a* he iviii> intinonv in liia 
fiiendshipi. itrwk the Duke of Devonshire's name out of tlie listof Priry 
Councillor that the Whig* entcn^ intu a iiy«l«nalic oppoailion to tha 
Crown. They had bnme every wrong and humiliation nilli patience itp 
to this open and flajront violation of a const itutional Tif<ht — but now 
fhcy rwolrcd to make a stand. " From tlii« exwrcUe of lli« pr? rx>ptlive," 
oboerrosthe Barl of Albemarle, "may be dated the first iitlnnpt sinco 
the ICevolulion to organise an oppoftilion on conslitutiomd grounda. 
*iti«!n, ni^er tlic Crown bad poMod to another fumily, and the cpntroreray 
had shifts ilwlf to other grounds, we find tlte ^V'hin wcrc once inor^ 
banded to|{elher to rMist the encroaehmenls of prerogahve upon privile^." 

The Whtjpi were now all out of ofTicr, vither by angry re»ij!itntionii or 
insulting dismissals ; and, not content with showing their hostility to the 
brads and suballems of the party. Ministers went so &ra« to dencend to 
tlie lotvcat and poorcat ofTicials who hud been appointed by lh«'ir pre- 
dceeatora. Wide and sweeping were tlieae measures of Court rrinftment. 

H s 



Tlnj iwtninl tb* hiitbwt utd Die meoneat posta ; for the king's iTui1)i<e. 

ttn At ■hftwiiiri Ininlc, vraa capnMo alike of lifting the heaviest weights 

•■i iffiekamvfpam- TIm Du)i«s of Newcastle uiid Graflvii and lh6 

Uan)dii •fSaacingbam vrm diamiised rmtn their Lieutenancici, Uie 

DukaafOeroiulun'Higntngto ncMmpany hiit (Hcnds; nhil« tho sninlli^ 

m it j A o yuK OXa b tfat Cmtonw and Excise, down to the humble gituation 

«f diM»Jne|wr— wpoiiilmenta which were never before tiifliiMic«l fay the 

Ihtoof MrtiM— Hll in tllcc nianni>T under the rot's! din pi (■mure. Tlui 

node w vrmhn, adopted by the Court agsinat a groul |>QliticaI party, 

was M undignified a« it was noTi>l, and provoki^d tuvere comniMltanca on 

■11 lidr*. " The turning out inferior ontcitn," viyA the Dulce i>f Uevon- 

•hire, in i letter to the Marquia of Rockineham, " persons that nre not 

in {^lianmt, and can have );iv«ii no oflbnco, is a cruel, unjust, and 

unliMrdof proceeding;, and trill tnori uiidaubte>lly do the Miiiiaters no 

good, but, on the contmiy, create a general odium 0{:aiii8t them." No 

man was belter qualified Ui pnmouncv ufion lucli |>n.'v«cdiiigH than tho 

Duke of DoTonabire, who waa too diaposaion&te to judge hastily, and 

too sagacioua to act ratlily. His advice to the Whigs, in the same letter, 

at to the conduct they ouf^ht to purmie in this crisis may bo rtiforrad to 

with Advantage by all fiiture oppositions on tho eve of a stru^le. " I 

hare wrote my nnnd," he observes, "fully tu thv Duk« of Newcastle, that 

m ^ould if possible keep our ])i^o[>le qniet for Bome timo ; wait f<>r events. 

and aoe what steps the Ministers take ; if tliey propose anjiliing that is 

wnine, oppoM it; if not, (ct them alone, by whicn inenns wc shall gain 

lime to collect our strcnt^h, and sec whom we can d(>pend upon ; if wc can 

gut a iMtder and a tolerable corps of troops, I an:) for battle ; htit I am 

■gainit appealing in a wcnk opposition, as we shall niokc an inaiKnific'ent 

tigun, prejudice our fri^^nds, and do no gf-ad." Th*ro was nbundnnl reason 

for all this precaution. Tho Ti^'higs, allhoit^U now rapidly coaleacing by th* 

ftrwofextomalprrsKire, were yet divided into sections. Then waaClial- 

liMn holding alAof on his war poli<^y; N»wcii«llc nnxioua for a general re- 

conciliaiion, but complaining, and belicvinc thai Chatbani would iierertw 

ivconcilcd to him ; the Duke of Cumlicrlaiid pt-rsonolly a^'crsc to Chathajn, 

but sol\«ning gradually towards him, as events areninid to draw them upon 

a common ground of action ; nod tho Marquis of Rockingham forming a 

Blodent« and united party, out of tht'se somewhat diacordant elementa. 

In the int!imwhilc the pear wus ripi^ning, and wh«n it was ripo it 
naliwd the old saw, and went down at a touch no slight, that nobody 
WM iwva from whence or how it came. At the end of ten months, 
BntO auddcnly abdicated, no man knew why, and the only niuton ever 
■M^ned for it was, that h« entertained fears for his personal safL-ty. 
Pernopi li« liad raCMTtd an anonymuua warning to quit, from some for- 
lorn Whig porter he had driven out of door* ; or his pillow might have 
iem haunted by apparitions from tlie Excise and Customs. At all 
•ratti, hit official life was tcnninatcd by liii own hands. Ho was suc- 
CMded by George Orenrilltt, who had the uitisfswtion of I>oing at tlie liead 
of what Air. Af acaulay considers, " the worst adminitlration ivhich has 
gonmed England since tho R«vDlutiun." He mode an attempt tu assert 
a ahow of independence, but without efiect. The old insincerity and 
■aent intriping that had harasacd Uio Duke of Newcaatlc was put in 
motion agamit Grenville, and, notwithstanding that the new miniBtvra 
had stipulated tli&l Uute should " nieddle no mora " with the frc« action 
oTtba guTvmmcnt, he did continue to meddle by keq>ing up q system of 


mgoeiatioDB witli t)io dilT«nnt wctioni of tba Oppontinr. and 
Riling by way i>t' divtMona out«(U the C^invt. At the uid of a l«w 
nuauu the Orcnnlle minbtt; doted iu career, and Pitt vru oticc more 
in [1m rojrat cloMrt, and apparHitly w wcure m the royal coiiSdsnM that 
he «nt« to tbo Marquis ofllockinghani, w-itb amw toibefbrmationora 
Cabinet. Tlic security wa» or»ho[t duration, for in a tccond inlerTJow on 
the next day Itul one, h» Uajeety abruptly hroke up the c(nif<ti*iie«f. TIw 
(ratutlouB duplicity of the Kuig on thin nccfuiion, is ftcniethiii); almost in- 
(THlibic. Well might Lord RojaWn describe It ua " an vxtraordinarv ncf Q- 
datinn," and Lord Shelbunie^who had beon th« channel orcoiiiTuunication) 
writ<> to Pilt to oongratulnto tiim on the term ina.t ion of a nogo^-Utlon 
" w hicii carried llimigti th« whole of it nioit sltuckirig nwrlu of insincerity." 
The stibsequent eSiirts to fonn a governnienl, exhibit in a strili- 
in^ light th« diKordant state of partita. NcgDciotions wer« begun 
luiil tiri'kcn off everywhere ; all poasiblo combioalioiM wen Mtcoipted 
and abandoned. Chatham van tht.^ great obttade bwuiH, wttbout liim, 
it waa Ml that nothing pcnuaiivat oi eflVctive oould ba aceompltthed. 
Everybady went to him, but he wa« inexorable. Oflbided with llw 
Kin^ for the perMooi aflioflt ho bad put upon liim, with Neweattle Ibr 
hsTtng opposed ht* war, and for talking indiscreetly about it, which vas 
wone, inacooiaible eren to the confidence «f Rocldngham, whoiD h« had 
Musbt in tlie first inslaiioo, and innnsible to the relenting approaebM of 
the r>uk« of Cumbvrl&iid, the "great commoner*' mainlatned a atem 
leaerre in the midst of the convulnoii. His cxinduct on this occation, 
and iadaed, throughout th« entire term of the Whig difficulty, appears to 
juMtfy n (uspicion of vanity and obstinacy of character, an obttmctive 
temper, and an arrogant spirit imconcilablc with the popular ideal of 
(hat illustrious man whow tomb i« dodud with " immortal honoura " by 
the hand of Junius. The loUowing slcetdi of him by the Bari of Albe. 
inarls in the abl« Tolunua before us, will talco many rcaden by surprise ; 
but a cweAil e^caminalioD of the artintl daily (mUm revealed in tho Koek- 
in^iam CasrcipondeDce will confinii its juslice. 

" Hs was SI onr»," nys l/Ot4 Albnurls, " th« Cirpro sn<< iho Itotriitt of Iim 
sge : k|[r«it iintui. Mid s» K0i»nt»1i>k*4 sclor. A> ■ luf^iulwr of ilip uliinct, be 
vn incredibly hiiui-liiy, linpnclloBnl*, and mm iiliMnmiip t» !>!■ millnciim. As 
• Imder af uppoaltliiii, ba wa« more fftvourBbla u «n •siananl Uian fBlilirul to hli 
■illivrenu or onuiataDt in his in«»iirm. To tii* t»v«rt-ign, lia »» «lt«n>UBty 
banh anil uili«nrTl*DI ; lo ilie natlan he viu an Fiier)fDllc but ■ nnlt}' ui<l liaiard- 

l« woM ** tn flood or drltl." finally, >* a ilaMnmui, b« dlnpU)^ rsthvr tfas sc- 
nuBptiilwHnu of a BoKiiubmkc, tbao tbetolM prudenwof a BurMf^. He ihane 
priBOfally as a wir miniiwr. Hi* talent (or mniloctiii^ ffllUuTy oiieratlocu 
MioM hm 10 the diMMrous elfcru of war tn hii awn cnunuy, and lo nui^Liad, 
OragdUJiiiipp0*«RisniB,er<nanmlikilI, h«L-ihiIi[i«d Doproo^i^ Hs rmilfred Ills 
soaairy fttortmit rathn- ikaa nr<M>Mmis : ami h« bsqutaitMd u hb siinin^Mi. Uw 
daa(MWu ntili«r thai) tlia takitarr fraoadail irffiafte>iiig"siMn 10 lh»goiwn," 

This is severe ; but we a|>iirehen() it is true. Chatlum's popularitv 
nmnittted him to many errors of policy and perwnal display, lie 
d3ut<l nci rcxiit the about* of iho populnec out of doon ; and, not satn- 
fied with Iniilding up hii glory in a tempest of drama and tnunpets, he 
flung bi> patiiotUm m the fac« of the Kinig; by pAog in the royal jiiiiiea 
sion to the Lord Mayof's dinner, to attract tb* mob about hu c«niag«- 
wheeli) while his Hajeetj waa received with coldnesa and lnd^brenc«L 
But we ihsll foon lee how iniottire a basis this sort of popularity ia for a 
statesman lo rest upon. 



Id Uw exlnmily to which Ihe Court wan now reilticeil, tlie sorem- 
mentwat off^mA to Lord Lyttleton. the pwl, of whom Wa![«Mo Miirf 
that, " will) Ihe t)giir« of a vpcctrc, nnd tlic ^ticulntion* of n puppL-t, Iio 
Ulked heroics through hit note." And nil this time, the King wus 
))t«mlly at war vrtth hit miniatera, Bute waa still be)iind the i-iirtain, 
nnd nobody would rame in till he wn* dismiMed. Whether thin stipula- 
lion waa fairly carried into tfTect wheiithe Marquis of Itockin^ham at last 
conMntud to talic office, is matter of considerabli? doiiht, hut it i> certain 
tlwt the lid minist rati oil which w«» croiwtruetcd uiidur llwl noblpinaii, 
i»ru«d to hold any concert with fjord Bute, and that il acted strictly 
upon that Tmniulton during iIk> short tOTm of iU power. PL-rliaps to 
tnat v*ry circitnittancc niuy Iw Btlribuli;d Ihe brevity of iti damliiMi. 
The King, from the onturt, wa* determined to submit to the Rockingham 
pMly not one day longer tlian ho couU find otli«ra to »iii>pty their 
plact;*. They were not Mlectcd fnjoi choice, but from netMFity. 

Kew men of the lime were better adapted for the criBi^ by the weiRht 
hU eharaettr :ind tiic KiArit^ty uf hiii jiidjiiiiL-iit, than the new miniiler. 
•> wna d(riic«nilt.d frtim thu celcbmtcd Strnfford, and evinced evwi in his 
toyhood, his zeal in ilie cause of the Whig», by a truant expedilion, 
nl lit'le«n ytar* of ag?, to jiiin the anny of the Duke of Cumbeiland, whft 
liivl taken the fwld nguiiiit the I'leteiidur, Socin after hi; liemnie of age, 
he was made hurd Lienteitaut of the North and West ttidingi of York- 
shire, and tubucqticntly a Knlpht of the Garter, and hi?ld the nppniiit- 
incni of a Lord of the Bcdchuniher under Ovorge II., and cuuttnuod 
hold it under George lil., until the indignity offered to the Dnke 
ftf Udvonghire iudiieod liim to resign. The character given of hini by 
bin biographer U that of n thoroughly ConMitutiunal Whig of tli« old 
■chool, calm, sound, and sincere, who trusted to his meaiums and not to 
hit oratory, niid who was in uli reipcctit more xolid than hrillinnt. He 
was ]>hygic«]ly incapahle of tnoking any striking impretsion in Parlin- 
niuiit as a speaker. 


- " The tnkWr which contigntKl him 10 ihc tomb, when h» w«« Utito mow Lhwi 
nfly VMn otmgti, liad Impacud t/i liia fnnno a sutiRitiility of Dune, vhtiih intiy cx> 
irsnrdjnkry oeauloni eDablrd Lioi to orercume. Ilo wui ft boJlalitig knd sn !■)■ 
«t<^nt debater. Ilia tpnwJii'ii, like ihuM of tlio late l-ord AltliarpW) nimnunilcil 
attunlWii, iiul rrtim the enthutloHu nrauMd by ibe penusslvo sricumeiiti of (lie 
VTBtur, biiiftuta ibe cuurideao) |ilacBd la die tharDUKn inwvrity mul pnclitis] ifottd 
KiuB of the awn. lleiMud In a klinilur rvlMiun loa ^nat luiiilBtcr-^to a Foi. a 
Onw.ara RoHctl— which an able chamlwr-oounNl bwra tn an Enliine. He lai:b> 
ot llio outvanl gm>r% : lie pouestetl iJie iiivrunl puwer. If suoceu ia pubtlt nioa- 
tiimt l« a ie«o/ ability, Rockiiigliam sukM preemlncmi." 

Perluips tt might he added that this is the vei-y ideal of what an 

i^isli minister ought to be Wc have an instinctive reliance upon 

icftl men, and a distnist of showy qiialitiew, Tha daz/ling orator 

tdou) securea the confldenca of the people, although he may fascinate it 

f a time ; but wc are always willing to put our trull ui men, who 

Sppeol to tl>« cotnitiT by their acts rather than their professions. 

TIh) poiltioin of tilts upright and honourable minister with the sovereign 
^'ho nxiuind asainat liii own cabinet, at u pvriud w)i<'n the country 
Was |iliie«d in senous difHoulUes arising out of tlio American discontsntc, 
clearly atalcd by Lord Albtmarle. 

Ilia rriatious M tiaojfe IK.. Itt>ckhiHliaiu wai " iinpucoivvMUs Aeliilli. 
;lity la MTOcatt bui liii eemcsiocM was for bis counuy. The King 


TttADHioss OP wnia CABiN-rra. 215 

WH iOctwite in wuiuat, but hu MrntataMi wu fnr lii* pfvnvtlitf. Tbn nan wk< 
•U luhwvtjr. the other aU intiiinrity. A* the rcxier lUuccBdi, ha will iiiul the 
•aval letun mn«( Kiwttnii*, tliw r»yal cnniliiol nutt ili*inK«n<tou*. (If will |>irr. 
c«iTa (hat ihe Riag auihunsHl hi* miaiitera to Coutiwdict nimnufa wbidi blmMlf 
bu(4 drvuluwil, mill tlut tht> " Khijf'i (rrt-iiiti '* wmc buiiljr cmployoil id rpfutiiiK 
tiiBcflicial ((•tamonta of ih* cabinet. Had Ooorg« lh« Third poaiwd cominaa 
•Incult]-, Laid Rodcfngtiini't effnru to prrMtre tlie Aatorlcan coloaiM would 
pfotaM; ton bwii a&citM). But t«tff*Mi Ut« miuiitcr, whose *rircu« w«r« hto 
■n*,* and llie nviiardi, who, like l.ysiuiitrr, pinxd the linii'a hide wltli tlic rm'» 
^tit, iba llniioe'' ^** ukMiLUil. anil Kinkiiiicluiiii wu armlcd in hJi carwr uf uae> 
fulBSH, and *dilei oii> murt mlnUiarial tlctim tu royal dtt^lciiy." 

The wonder wna, thnt, itgininiit *iicli troncliery from witlun, L«rd Rock- 
Siighitn'fl admin»tnilion liutcd to long urd urcompliabcd »o much. 

The flnt quLtition that agilntdd tli« councils of tli«i new inmiitcnt wu 
the American Stamp Act, wliidi. after uiaiijr angry diiKu^iom and Cterve 
stnigglcf, WW lopcftJed by the KocliinghBin nlinot, but wiih n dcclnnuny 
dauM affirming the rigTii «f Purliiunviit to tax the Coloniirt. Tim claoie 
g»« oecoMon tu much cUH[iut« at the lime, and lh« priiK-ipIa ii iiivolves 
nnnsiiu a njbjuct of coiitroverey up to the prcrent hour. Chatham dt-iiitd 
the competency oflhe legitlaturc to lax the Coloiiiw at all ; but we onlirdy 
concur with Lord Albemarle that, whaterer maj be t)i« expediency or 
jiiitin of any particular cxcrciio of the right, tlic competency of roilia- 
mcnl to tax tbo Coloniet ii oi clear a principle of the constitution, as iti 
eornpol«ncy Ut do any other act implying; legislative authority over our 
dependencies. Tho historical raluo of L)rd Itockinghuni's bill fnr tho 
i*pt«l of the Stamp Act, ii that it plnees the nucjtioii in both its ob«- 
tmct and exceptional points of viewr, contnining on the one band n 
declamtion of the general ri)^l, and illuitrutinE on the other, a caie 
in which the relnxalion of that nght wai considered to be wise and 

TIk King's conduct ibroujchout tliii harusing aflidrwu marked by 
his laual duplieily, vrhilc Rockingham appear* to have acted with great 
prudence and sagacity. But the invisible influence of Lord Bute still 
preraileO ; although nil inteifenmce in the ministerial crisb wo* dit* 
doimed by Lord Bute and hia friends. The Roclcinjcham p«rty held a 
different convictiot), and vere warranted in it by finding themsclvcM 
oonalantly thwarted in office, and at last turned out of it, by the saine 
nndarhand proeAcdingt that had, ever since the commencement of tho 
imgn, been directed to similar end*. Tlic admin iatntiou (ell, like its 
predeoeaMts, through tho intrigues of the court. 

If it was not Bute tn person, it was Bute by depaty, who direetcd tho 
inachitvery which carried or a secret negodation vrtlh Pitt against the 
tninislry, and who, when the ternu were settled, invited him to ollice. The 
wont enemiet of the cabinet were within and not withoigt. Itn labours 
all along had been traeeraed, as Burke says, by placemen and peiisionen ; 
■Bd, ifter baring carried the oottntiy lucceMlully tlirough a tram of grave 
mtbarnHnentsi, it was stabbed id tho back. 

There were not wanting ominous hints of disaflection in the ntmp, 
and of the Mgh protection and encouragenieDt, under which pcnons lioUI- 
ing nppcinlinents in the^orcmmenl, oppon^ the nicnmret of tlte adminis- 
tration. " The miniiters had been frequently informed by the King," 
obeervcfl Lord Albemarle, " iliat then menibei* holding ploces, who voted 
■gainst th« R>pm], wai« actuated by eenscienttoiu scruples, and that 
mien ottoe that question was settled, they would regularly toic with the 



21 6 


^Tenunmt. But Uw canying of that mcacaro juxkIucmI no change iil 
tbor conduct, utd tbeir oppontion contiaued aa lyBteiDstic and violent 
M before." Not alone did tnis tuipTM«dentcd pnxxaure of hta Hajvuty in 
thua "actin|[ in opfiotitttni to htimclf*' mender m»1nMt iii feretgTi atntei, 
but It took awny alt dignity and ireight from (h« m<iuur«« of the cabinet 
at hotn«. If EIm adTtxn or the Crown were to W hvld mponiible for 
thtur policy, tb«y should liare bc«n ltd fnx in tW cMrcise of the power 
wnAded to ihrm. No mponiibility can exist without power ; Init here 
Uh power ras mnvly noiiiitial, tlie •orenign iniidioatly dcetroytng the 
influence of miniilert. c-vvii ovur tlwir official liuborji nates, by practicee 
ae tincoottilutional u Ibcy vrcro darogatoty. Yet all the time bia 
Majesty aflKl^il tbe ulmoit cordiality to ibo PromieT. ' ImtA Rocking' 
ham huusclf told me,' eay* Nichollt, 'that the Kinfc never thow«d him 
•uch dSitiagwibed nark* of kindncai b> afUr he bad Kcrctly dctermtacd 
to set fid of him.' " 

In tbo Riidal of tltis apparent amity, Mr. I^tt was *cnt for; but !t 
waa evideat, tnm luiidry lufpidoui ciicumstancee, Uiat the t«nns of 
tbo Iraaty had been settled befon the " {[reat commoner' wsi cummoned 
for th« tweood timu to the royal doscL Lord Bate, although he declared 
that ho had taken no part in the projea for breaking up the admbuatrt- 
tion, had been huverini; twtween hi> town^houM and hit country-house, 
and moring to and fro, with tin uiwattneet that looked very like a guilty 
complicity. '* I suppose you know," said Loid Hardwicke in a letter to 
Laid RMkinghaiii. "by this time^ whcaea the source of tbii sudden 
resolution to send tot llr. Rtt bos arisen. I prMume from that i/uarlfr 
which has and will hare the ml tmUrior influence and awu^Af vrhicli 
hiirrird out the lait ministers, and will the preMtit. let tli« outward tn- 
(trunienl* and action chMgo ever so often." The manner in which 
iniaiatcrs wen: diKniiawd, sliows the sfnrit with which tite undermining 
pTOceu bad iNien tondiirtcd, and throws ■ strong l^ht upon the brc, that 
sTcrylbing bad been settled by previous omiigententt, bcfurv Pilt was 
inmraoned in person. " His Majestyi with tlie most frank indiSerence,** 
wcordft lioraco Wnlpole, " and without ever tlianlcing them (the iiiinitten) 
&r their services, and for having undtstaken the adrotnitt ration at hi* own 
wrnest solicitation, aniuuinlcd tbem •eTcrally that tie had sent for Mr. 
Fit!." And the Itockiiigham admimttration was accordingly at on end. 

A funiiiglit aOrr Pitt had recoivrd hia Majesty's commands to form s 
govvminent, he wa.H inttiiccti by the solicitaltons of General Conway, to 
call ii])on till' Marquis of Kovkingham : but the lall«r refused to sec Itim. 
" The more 1 tbink of it," observes his Ivrdabip, is a letter to Conway, 
"Ibemore suspicion.d:c.. (I wont uy another word) rises in my mind, that 
oflcr his niaiitier towards myself, and to many otlicrs, whom I respect. 
ibat after his total wunt of attention or civility to many considerable 
fKmdi of ours, and of potitive Bfisurances of his good intentions lowarda 
our friends in general, that after all tliis, he should propose an interview, 
I really think that 1 should be wanting to mysifli and others^ *^ have 
any iwrsoiial communication with Mr. Pilt." This incident reveals very 
sigiiilicimUy tli<! suci.'OHt (hat had attended the intrigue* of the Bute 
factinn to break tip the old combinations, and to dissever men who, in 
Ibo ordinary coune of events, nugbt have been found acting together fbr 
U>o bem-fit of tbo country. 

^"1. so far as Pitt was personally concerned. Lord Rockinf^am had 
10, altliough it was a species of revenge he was the last luan to 



dcdn. Fftc «»« no sooner called to o6ice,sn4 cre«t«d Eul o( Chatliam, 
than hit intlueim m B public mun, or rather, tbv kind of inHurnce ha 
hoil aloraya pluiiicd hiniKir uftcn, perUtwd. Bo Ichk iu }i« Imd rcmninrd 
the '* great commoner," he was hnld in n iiort of idolalry by the people ; 
but tlw niomenthe w«nt inlo Lhi» Honnj-of Lord*, ifio^/JWfyf ofhw luuiis 
deputed, had th« most poi>ulat man uf iii« lime diHCOvered when it waa 
t09 IsWi that he had extmguiBhtsI hii glory in n |>c«rn];e. '* That faul 
title," tibaerrea Walpole. " lilaited all tlie al&clicnu whicli Inn coiinlry had 
borne him." The eridonco of tho chango of fealiiig was Iiislautaiieoua 
and conxpieuoii*. " The citixeiis of Londun," auj'a Lord Albemarle, 
" liad intended to celebrate his scceauon to office by an illumination, but 
tblty n4> sooner hciaid of hit n«w dignity, than tho lamps were counter- 

We have dwelt at some length upon the personal memorabilia and 
party intrigues leading up to llio Itockingham adininietration, bccauto 
tliey afford an instructive intif^bt into the secret history of the fir«t live 
or six years of Oeorgu t)i« Third's reign, during which the crown, Btretch- 
ing its prcrosative beyond constitulional litntt*, involved itself in a 
poaitiaii with its advtEcn for wliich there is no parallel )in«i lliv tiinc of 
the revolution. Tlie rwtiospoct is valuable, also, for the somenbat new 
view to wlitcb it hctpi ua of tlie clinractcr of Chatham. 

When I'itl went into oftice. Lord Uockin^hiun went Into the country. 
Out he was by no meant an imlifTi-reiit x^HHitiitor of Die acu and proipaeU 
of the new administration. Taking the Whig parly as a whale, Ui« 
relation lo each other of tho scctiotii into whiui it was now broken up 
was lingular and almost uninirlligilils. Cliotluun professed pmie?ly the 
Wme political princtpk-s as tliose which had bt«n held by the lut« 
goTcmnHnt ; and by way of earnest of hit nncerity, he retained in 
office lemal of its members. Hon' tlion w«ra the Rockingham Whi)is 
divided opinat each otlier by a consummate altokc of court policy ; one 
portion uDcemnoniously disiniased, and the other portion kei)i in aSite 
undor a mintst«f, whom Lord Rockingham regarded u thotr conniion 
coeiny. But lie did not •uflV-r hi> personal feelings to iiiturTcre with his 
public duty, or, more strictly ipcakins, with his allepance to bis firiends. 
tits object waa to render the new gevcntmcnt na cflicitmt as its incon- 
gruous materials would permit, a mora eflaetual way of keeping bie 
Ewly tu^tlwr, iltun if he had counteiiaitoed a private niuliny am9ngst 
la own adhennts in the adjniniilntinn. He sanctioned th« rvtnntion 
of office aiuongat tboae who remained, and endcaroured to soothe the 
reelings of those who were ROiovcd. " We and our friends," be wrote 
to llw Duk« of Newcastle, " should be quiet, and our only object should 
be to keep up a good-humoured com«f>ondance with those parts of the 
preeeat aystem who arc paru of oun." Again, in a letter to Lord AIbo> 
inwle, he obaer^-ot (pUiuly hinting at the understanding which he bolioved 
to subsist between Cbatham and Bate), "the only ihins I tear ta, a real 
diaunian amongst thoco teitk wieni / luuJ llie ionoar to ie oaOed iwta ad* 
mi»iirrati«H. Our private, pcraonal friendship, is the gmtest security 
s^^nat that event ; and I am sure, |x>lit)cally *pcaking, nothing can 
gntify Lonl Chatham or Lord Bute half so much as our disunion, or, 
in future, will be a acvcrer eiieck upon them both, than keeping in good- 
liuniotir those I call tiunelres." 

Tbu bearing of all tlicae cfiurts to preserve a bond of union amongst hit 
friends cannot Eiul to sUike the Kader in its ultimate actioin upon (i^tMal 



j powm'. AfquittmfE Lon) Itockiiiglmin of ull motiroa of tnercly penonal 

tunbititm, And believing that na man was bolter Mttitlcd to n!<:i>^ct for tli« 

excrrate of higK integrity in the dischargti of a public rp«fpon»ibiliiv, we 

ire Uic liollcc enabled lo juilgff from the Utctica he cmployeJ of the iictinil 

l»MitiireoPilio*R party rtruBK'es'hrouRh which niniKriM a» formed, baffled 

^■nj •upplAiitedi and how link' infltimcp external 9jnmnn cxcrtt upon 

1 tlwm. j'lic dcvclopmenl of personal lies and dliances — ^the anxiety for 

lth«Kuppo(t of certain individuals — the inecesant tXitdn to keep officM opan 

^lii particular intcrcutt, and to inainuln existing connections— combine to 

[•how how completely the machinery of government is In the hands of 

cat &m)lic4, how entirely the people, so to speak, nnj excttidcd from the 

ittrior myBtt:rii.-9 of cubinel chiiiige*, and how patent a monopoly tho 

work of ndminialialion is, with all its sh(tw of psliiotic principles and 

public indepcndi^nce. Thcnrixtocmtic clcmmt wtui and ii pantmount in 

the f^vemment. Nor do we mean to OMcrl that it would bo better 

Otherwise. But it is well that the people should hol- cleaily the opemtion 

of theiie inflwnwa. and that they ahoidd understand and know how to 

Talue the Icgilimntc cnunterpnifc tttry poucm in ih« popular brnncli of 

the legidalun-, and in that (me piT^ss which has risen intanii esUiteof the 

lealni since the dnys of Walple and Chalhain. Tht OronvilteB and the 

RumclU, the Vurkcs and the Butcs, from whiilvver oppoaitc puint* of the 

compass tliey came, or to whatever opposite points they steered, were all 

^ded by the same impulses and aimed at the same object. A few men 

stood out distinctly fr<^m the ranks of party — such rnvn, for iosluiice, ai 

Conway and Sarile — and acted for themselves. ItockinKham. also, 

nnip;ht be added to the number, if he had not displayed so much xeal as a 

party tuctidan. But it was iiisepamhlo from hii pojiition, and expected 

DD hhn OS the head of a section, and he undoubtedly exhibited more 

jeration and good sftns^, and was fner from tho imputation of having 

01) swayed by parly motives alone, than most men who liave l>oen 

^placed in similar rircuniBtunccs, To his prudent and earnest exertiona at 

this dangerous erixis the \\''htg« owe a In.iting obhgnlion. 

For three quarters of a century the Whigs had supported the House of 
Mwick. They wen now thrown into opposition. It is immaterial 
^\o «nquire how for thi» mnilt wn» precipitated by the arbitrary nncroacti- 
toeiilc of the Crown, or by divisions amongst iheniselves. The coiise* 
queiices were oqually hotitrliciBi to tlio country. The people were the 
gainers by tho divorcer. Lord Itorkinghnm's eonduct throughout Um 
■oene* that followed may b« said to have shaped for action the pnnnplef 
of hi* party, and to have laid the foundations of that popular policy by 
wliid) they were subsequently distinguished ; and when he iigiiin Look 
office m I78E| tha preliminary- stipulations he made with the King 
evinced his resolution to carry out, unfettered, that onr^e of lilieial 
iDCMurcs which he intended to pursue. \n vain tiie Lord Chancellor 
Thuriow, who wiu comminioned byhis MaJMty to nep>tifttp with him, 
endesTOured to prevail upon him to occcpt otHce unconditionally, leaving 
the piineiples upon which tho govcramcnt was to be conducted to subse- 
<iuent coiishleration. 

" I muat confmw," aaiil Lord Rockingham, in a letter to Thurlow, 

" Hint 1 do not think it an advisable nK-asuru, lint In attempt lo form a 

ministry by arnkngemcul of oflice — iiftcrwaids to divicht what pKncipIes 

^ir mestuies thi'y arc to net upon.** And to litis constitutinua] Bssertiwi 

I r the mitiislcr'i independence the King was forced to submit. 

How fiftr the dmnand for PiiriiumoiiUiry R«romi,it ihtit time IwginniiiK 
to occupy the Kriuus attention of lite prfopk-, might liave betn inrt by 
Lord Hockinglism, had he lived t« matun hit \iowt, may b« to aome 
extent infcrr«>i fmin th« tonor of itii corrttpondonee on that subject two 
yew befont He waa explicitly in favour of shortening the duration of 
(Vlkmcnt, and of cicorinj; away the ainccurci and plsoM lhraiif;li which 
its rncmbcra were comipted ; but the tcnoti of the rufnniM'n u'erv nt Dint 
time vague and indefinite, tb?y w^re divided among tliemaelvca by a 
variety of theories, and puV'Uc opinion wait not npv for any iinporUnt 
move in that dirMtion. Hence he wisely declined to make par linn lent nry 
rdbrm a fpvemment measure, becnuac it would wmken big cabinet by 
ditunion ; but he extended to it a;* tntich recognition a» lib positiiw 
would admit, by leaving it an open question. 

Dnftwtunatvlyr however, hit hnalth was uni^iiunl to the ardtiou* duties 
to wMdi he was called, and he expired on the Int July, 1782. On the 
pedestal of the itatue which was erected to his memory in Wentvrorth 
Park, !■ an iiucriptinn frnni the hand of Burlcc, wbich trace* his chsrao- 
tcr in tetmii of afTecticin tiiiid panegyric l!iat posterity will eiatefully 
endorse. It ia written with great power and beauty : and a iingle pM- 
mgc (ram it will convey, in a brief conipoM, the turn of h!i merit* tt* a 
public man. " In opposition, he reepected the principle! of ftovcmment ; 
in admintfltration, ho provided for the libcrtieit of the people. Hu em- 
ployed bii inotnciit* of power in n-alizliig everything wlucb he had pro* 
poaM in a popular situation — the distinguiuung mark of his public 
coaduet. Rewrrod in jirofctiion, luro in pertormance, he laid the foun- 
dation of a solid cunfidencu." 

The work in which tlie Rarl of Albnmarle has recorded the life of 
Rockingham, and the history of hii limes, is one of the most valuable 
and intcrmting of it* dnu that ha* ever been presented to the public. 
It ii not a collection of letters and diaries stitched together by a slender 
thr«ad of narmlire; but ii fullof oripnal and ilhittmtivc matter, irrittijn 
with penpicuily and power, and developing an intimate knoiivledgf of 
political men and eventa, and a sound judgment in Uw trcatinciit of 
them. Infinito eani and reaeaich have l>«nn butowed upon these volume*, 
and tlw; gracca of a r*fin«d lilemry taste have been brought t<i cnibt-tiiBli 
and enhvcn their details. The skelchea of the principal penona who 
appMT in the eourte of tho transaction:) embraced from the aceeauon of 
tieorge III. to the death of Rockinghan), form a gnllcry of portrait*, 
tmnioGDdiiig in inlerott, and r<iual in skill, to the odmimblc characten of 
ClaKfldon. Nothing ta left untouched that can contribute to the com- 
pIcteiiciK of ihi* comprcbcnsivo mvRioir : wliile the tipirit of inb^lltgencc 
and vivacity by wliicli ita iiag«a arc ai^rated, teiiden it as entertaining to 
the general re«d«r, as it will be found importanl to the student of Englisli 



pleasant eiiongh to sit in a dub window and to md in tliu 
iM^M i>f Woreator Oreuy and Sir Charles Napier how the French amiy 
u to I)c rewivcd by the people of England, wlicn that great chaplc-r in 
tlie "History of cvcnU of wnicli ncTcr tisppened," the Inrasion «f ISiii 
ihdl ho written by t)ic hand of Time. Lef[itiinal« history d«alg with 
■natters jii*t as apocr^'pha), and not hnlfs* animated, at thuM itnagiuary 

Sicturei of the gallant Bchii.'vniictit» of our volunteer bands and our 
erot&j mitttiamcii. It h vary pleasant to our national vanity : it tlirt 
iho Itcnrt, indued, aa with n shrill tnimpct-bloit lolram how Hw chivalry 
of Kngland would itrenm out from town and hamlet, and pour itself, an 
tirro«istit>Ie torrmt, upon the accursed invadtrrt. What, indeed, can 1>a 
jiuoro aiiimaliiig, in these tiniva, than suclia passage aa tliii: — 

" Now, let us luppute Londun to be tuddrnly itsriled liy xhe neirs Uiat M,(K>0 
PrenchmeR sre cm Uiei KcDtinh or Suuvi ihum. Knrlhuiili, ihrnnxgli mry tqiiure 
and Urmit at iho lUUly metrupoliB Bnil ilv tremlii^- eiiviruni, good mm and Ituk, 
witb Kood ■rmi. vrhieh ihey know well how to wi»M, turt fnrth at Ika appniawcl 
({jliuL By li iiiiili-nSii, Isjr Uiniiia»dt, nnil Ly lent aS (linnundi, tho riflemen kto 
nuatomt at the wnll-knatva gntli-eniifC plum I'vr duty. In no fHrutoiii cnvrri* 
nitnt or iii>i«r rntlitiHijitm, Ifut ui f^riiii ^liniMi, tkfiA with »tcrii (tolrrTiuiinliiifi lo 
cpa^B Itoithor thsir own nor ih« itrnn^m' livva, ibo dark tntifsrs art fonniii^ fut 
Mid daploring ovvr t'lt- bKiiga. Ilvfirr* uii boun »ni iiumtiI, l-ninliiii luu plaonl 

B€iO0O iwl-arnied siid weil-eiiulp[>e<l tlvlciiders la srfrsui.v of livr iK>uilieni luburbi. 
Hlfta«hils« WDSMTiKcn Im tptcdlrr Uibd iho Iwbidd tlumu, wbirli Inid nf ttw 
Annada's lulveiil — ttic elRrtric mini, are tliriUiii); tliruiiglioui tlie Irngih aud 
brMdth nf the Initd with tlitlii)^ ihm KnKland li inTfid4>d, >nil timi l-niidon will he 
■tttaked Ti9 tlje rEieue I ti> tlic mfue ! Our loiitliem Inrilbrvn in nrait km 

(already up and doing. Some sre (onMntntinK upon Porum-mtli mid HjiniiMili, 
but th*M gnat Anenalt abuuld bcaiwuW by ii«u' (imiaici ; lite liui'ly Kriiti«hiiii'it 
■nd tliB liuudi-Saxon* sre itili better occiijiiril fn but^ciitg on tlio inrndtr'i line of 
naicfa, and tuiisuiiiK l'i"> ■■ ec'ry i>t«p. Bui llir(iiij)1i «v>ry niidUnd (liire, 
ihnmgh the bwiy iiuitli, vith li> hivci of hiiniBii energy, ihrougb brarc Scotlwad, 
tile ImiiiI that nerer uurtural fonU Knil uowHnls, tlipr* ia iiiauint making naij 
lot bulJe. i'tuai vvfin- twvrn, from c>'crr I'UIu^v, tlie ilrmm* of war flow into 
rarh other, and tlica lotva • mi|[lily tirrVnt Ciiwuda the mmaccil ntplial nf lh« 
Uiiil,— fearletely tb«n would tliv Tint kltflit of the black vuliiiniia of ilie eiiuiDi lie 
hailed. . . Nni <>rnn ihrlr nld (liiard at Wntorlon. when iht mviaketry ur Msl(> 
lanil's brigade, alow JOD at the limfiiti, exporioiiiwlKucb a ilendlf KTMLing. Bui, 
ibiiugh tkeir oiiiinin lias reAiiled, it ii nut broken. . . The/ hsn dosed up Ui«tr 
naks,— iliey are sdraDdnit aj:ftin. Again oar rifles rstil«," lie. At. 

Such is the Profi-SBOi's heart-stirring picture of the defence of Great 
Britain. The General docs not wem inclircd to give our volunteer 
bonds to forwnrd a position. He sendi "the Duke" out at the liead of 
(he regular anny, and lc<«ps tho volunteers to play the part of sltir- 
niishen ood ahvp-ehooters, to cut off »t»^gltT« and convoys. " Well 1 
there we lie," aaya Sir Charles Napier, "till they (the enemy) oomo 
cloeert and when citite enough, and u ){oud doal of their ammunition 
cxpcodcd, then llic Uukc would bcpn buaines*. Nww, you gentlemen 
not being drilled to this sort of work, ivoold be in the way ; you would 
ooms into it a/ifr a tc/iilf, but at first you tcautit be in tic vaf. ' Tfien 
•■ tkoM ar fte P ' you will ask. Why, far away, clear of the regular 
, o»d getting round on the enemy's Aanks and rear, to b« sure ! 



your inon in (twamii crteping an cton; to him lu ever yoa can, hiding in 
ditdiM, behinH bank;, riling grounds, woods, Ac , to lliat lii* MtUlery 
could not do you as mucli harm at oun could do hii iKini^ men, becftiue 
jrou nMnt n4t OiiiviHCf, hit tnnxt, whilit yini wam {iitcliing >'OUr thot 
into liis mluntni. . . . The enemy must all the whili;, as I have void, 
krep inoTiDg on toimrdi the l>iike, who wiuti for htm vciy {latienlly, in 
one of thowe tumliii; posUiuris of hU, ng&init which hi* cnnmi'Mi have, a 
hundred timet bTokon itivir heads! The enemy miut novo on, At a on 
BiTadsr ! — It* cannot «it down and Ao tiotliing ; h* mtut ktwp contiim- 
fiJIy niaidiiiiff and fighting. If he Viivlts to driv« you ott, you retire; 
■eldom innttne him in cioso tight, but a/s-ayi Jlriihf at Aim, he cannot 
catch you ! Ma goe* back. Then again you ToUow him u|t, tu he od- 
▼ance« against tlie ngnlar army, you. keepinj; up an incecaant firing into 
hi* bock : and hundnd* wilt fall under your galling and unciriiig aim. 
I[ij hoapitol incKoaei: he niiist leave guards. Vou are in vast nuin- 
ben : a few thoiuanda of you clo«e, and then you may occasionally rush, 
in overwhelming numbcrii upon thcM guards, make thein priionen, 
and be otf again out of reach. If is convoys too are conning up ; you 
gather upon them and dr-stroy them, carrying off his food and ammuni- 
tion. His columnn will send out d«tachmcnU to plunder; they an 
weak and wearied ; far you, dividing youreelves in vntcfies, as the noilora 
aay, keep up your "hBri>-»hootiiig night nnd day ; some retting and feed- 
ing whilst others tight, for you muHt take advantage of your vast num- 
ben. The enemy Rcta nn n»t. If he deapiBM you and moves on, merely 
■ending a few ■kimiishnn tu IcM-p ynu ofT. you gitthcr in clasct and 
thicker, and your fire tn^omeH more terrible. His akinniaber? give way, 
hit column it forced to holt and send a large Ibrce agunst you. Vou 
are off." Ac. &e- 

ThcM: ore Sir CluiTlen Napier's directions to our amateur noldien; and 
perhapa there is nriadom in them. At all events the question of the 
means of employing ihc people of Rnglnnd for the defence of the country 
hn become tiie question of the day. 

I have no doubt of the juluei of the English people, especially of the 
Bngliah gentry'. Tt is the bahion to talk of our tilky, HTenunate ariito- 
enta; tha young lordlmgs of the St. Jamea's Clubs and tha Belgnrion 
paloeat ; a* though they were fit for nothing of a mnnlicr kind tAan the 
atietdung of tbeu- long limbs on luxurioua bo&b, the ogling of prrtty 
vrnmen Uirough plAte-glnae windows, tlie sipping of iced chirtt, and the 
lisping of Derby odds. But take them away from their club wjn'bwi ; 
ploM them in situations when energy and activity are demanded, aud 
they aro the manliest Fellovt in the world. Tb« tnith is, that our Eng- 
lilh gentlemen an inured to danger fi^m their very eradka. They ar« 
plaoed on pony-back almost before th^y con wslk. Before ihey arc in 
tbeir teens they may be aeen taking "headers" into the Thames, or 
playing football under the wall that ildits the playing.fiG]ds at Kton, 
with a despemie ferocity, which, but for the padded armour they wear, 
would not leave a whole shin among them. Then toe them, a little 
older, playing cricket, at Lord's — not the cricket of our faUirra' tJmo^ 
when middle-aged gentlemen tunwd out in nankMD shorts, silk stock- 
ing* and pumps, uod fentiy shovelled the ball at the opposite wicket, 
but the new game, cul it what you may, better or wone, which sends 
the lealbcr mitnle out of the boirlur'* hand* with the velocity of a round 
■Iwt out of a nine-pounder, and compels men to take the field gloved as 



thoitRli for H Rf»nrnng>niat(^li, and lc{!-prot&ct«d as for a bout of Devon- 
»liire wrfatllng.* 

Till* it not work for » popiiija/i jou may be aitrc. Our " ^tlcment" 
don't alnnyi beat the "playere." Tliey don't take aa much trouble: 
they don't wnrk to ircll togctbur (uT:uLtcur( ncT«r do), anA they nre 
Inxier than tbe itrofeasionalsi who bore mare to eain by tatctta. Rtit 
their pluok is of th« finest pOMibte t«mv?r. So it ii on the buntinj^- 
Bi-M. \yiuit will nut a well-oiountej EiiglUIi gi'Titktnun loco? Thme 
silky club-window arietocrate uro liold riders, olmoat to a man. A 
steeplechoM is iio tTiflc. If our young knights do not break lanoM, they 
brtaik colIar-boiiM |)li:iiti fully in thoso deffenerute davH. Tho greater th« 
danger, tlie (ireater ibo fun. From what peril, from what hardship, 
dort thi: Knglinlt gcntlnmtin ev«r shrink i He bvc« bazordoiis cxcittv 
inent. Prrliaji*, ihcre ie not enoiifjh of it to bo obtained al home ; ao 
he ROCS abroad in tcarch of it; and in the wilds of Africa, or America, 
hiinti »vnge animals and co<)uet8 with death, at eoolly iu> though he 
were talking Tioniienso to a pretty gtrl in May Fair. 

All till* is fine training far war. Our commonalty, hamFMcd from 
their very childhood to a go-cart of laborious drudgery, have l«u dm* 
and IcR* opportunity fur uxercisu in tbcte nmitly sports. Thay orv leM 
ocoi.-ii oineil to face active danger, and in its {jreei^mx-, are both Ims en«r- 
(getic and less self-collected than Iho higher dasaea. They require dia* 
dplinc> and orji^ni nation to cnll iiirth that alurdy gnlliintry, which ninko 
onr Hngli«ti rot;in)i-nt>i irrcsistiUc in the field. itiigli«h mobx are nolo* 
riausly anything but heroic eongeriet of humanity, 'j'be Frvnch ollicer, 
who nenily two hundred years ago, reported ti> the I>ukn dt- Oioitciil, 
that "thtf English an; n dull people, absolutely ignorant of the nic i>f 
arms." wa» n-ol fur wrong in his eelimate of our SulJierly iiualili«tion*. 
There i> tittle niilltary eiithiuiunn amang u*. liidtcd, the ffcncmlity of 
our Knglish people have no enthuiiastic inipubei of any kind lo prompt 
tbem to acta of bcn>i>^ daring. One *«f% tbia plainly enough in llie caM 
of a fire in tbi! country. Hundreds of pi-oplc lum cut lo took at it ; but 
not live in ercry hundred thow llie least inclination to do anything Lut 
gape and chatter. The gentry, you ntay ba sure, are (onmoat in the 
|>Ukc of dar)gtT. Tbey are at tho mouth of the engine ho«; and oti 
th« lupmoRt step of the Isddc^r. Itut the gallantry- of the London Are* 
fn«n~~a (rainoil and ditcrptincd bngndn — is iin«iir|>ai4cd. if not un- 
equalled. Tliey face danger profe»«onally ; it is llinr duty to dwHplic it. 
They come of the same atock as the gapers and chatterers. Hut them tho 
lattct are amnt^iursL They arc not paid to Im burnt. To be «uro, there 
iras a story, the other day, in tlie ncwfjiapere lo the ctl'ect iliat u " by- 
Blani]«r.'' at a iiie in tlie country, undi-r lli« inipifsiion that there were 
some chiliiivn lc.-{\ in the liau*e, rushed into tho burning edifice, and 
|Mii:ihcd miserably in tho fUune*. But r^o he uaa is not ivcmled* 
III! wa3 simply a " by-stander,* and the Hironiclo of bis heroic death 
occupied three linos in an ubucure com«r of a rr.oniing paper. If be liad 
died in an effort n<'t to, but to dcatioy bfe, he would have had a 
plac« in the " Gaiett«." 

' Not (hv ImbI cnrioii* oF tho iniiii<r miiinis ih<nfp> ciHi1,ii«l itt \hr VTnrWi 
F»ir ill Hvdr Park, «ai it tnt« caiiUi'iimi: crtckciiuK fnipleiueriiR— oirriim* ■tid 
(lefeii«ivc. U'rCJilk nT tt'c dedinr nf cliivjlry, natl ihr lim W'lll^ll iltr inniJiiirM 
vt ilin nsitnii )ia« it'i*(aiDf<l \>j tbcnlitciKeol lIic imiaii >iiil iimriivj's (il* uiil iliius. 
'^it tlie kiiif()iit iif (lircrvuniirpiiutrynrt not niihout phjsieitl IRk[iiUi|{, '<raiin[|ii>r 
ttd, but ninillv rllivlual. 



Thm ore few vonis so otlen in an Enj^liihrnnn's mouth. lu " Ll is 
not my busincw." Wli&t ia ngt lliair businoM EngtUlimcn <Ia tint lUco 
to i9. The nicrcantJI'C ulcfDvnt tnilcn taigely iiit4 all lh«ir ciilculaliunfc 
if tiii'y *' gtt nothing " for a thing, they am aura not to do it well. 
Tll>^y am, aa t)to Prenchmnti nud. « " dtdl pcoplo." Thoy hnvc no int- 
pulMR, DO cntbu»it*iii. Ev«a i>lea»ur« is a lore lo thvm. Tliey are not 
foiid of exrit«m«nt. ProrMsionally tliey do everything well ; but tliey 
make but sorry smntcurs. Ottlii U to be got out of thuvn wilhinit 
tnining; but trainiiiz "'ill ^o every thins for them. It ia nvt (litficult to 
iraee the external inlWncos which mould the national character to what 
it tt ; but it in Diwugb, in the prcmtt plac«, to iTidicnto tin? roirult. Tlie 
gniu of tho BncIiRh people is not mitiliuy. Soldiers do not ^vr 
■DKNisit lu. Mtiei j!l, m/H tiiutitur. Our aoldi^n arv not prima- 
rily (uldicn. It is not their normal eon<)ition. Tlicy do not bvcome 
aohUera until tbcy liare tried nnd ccucd to be something ebe. IVr- 
hl^M, our army is not miicji t)ie wane for thnt. The paper on u-hich 
llicM remarks are wrillen, is very excellent paper, although it ii nia<l« 
of old nga. But tbc old rag> have gone through the mill. They have 
undet^nc a procow, wliii^h hoa utterly trmnxmutcd them. ]f it hud not 
been for thi«, no one could have written on tbem. Our ranks are not 
filled by men, flowing with military ardour, chooninii the army oa n 
prolMCton, to be il«liberately enler«!ii in the lliiRh of nncomipl^d nian> 
hMMl, but are recruil«<] by the refuse of all olhur professions — by the 
hiluTca of civil life. It is not pk-uwnl to hove to euy it, but it i» n fiicti 
that when a man enliats in the JBritish Army, he is sitpposed to have 
disgraced himself Indeed, there is Murcdy a family in the kin^om, 
that do«« nut think itself disgraced when o member of it hai "gone finr 
asohlitr." There ii an expmitrAn«>i in the T«ry phnue^ lie ha* 
" <font tot a soldier." He has gone out of coi»mon life altogether, lie 
is morally defunct. Henceforth he " dwells apart." There is no lonfter 
any i)-mpathy between him and hi* brethrvn. 11^ tu* gc-ne into the 
mill and lie is to come out a new creature. Tlie process is a paiiil'ul one i 
but it is stttigglcd through at Inst. The clown is drilled into the soldier ; 
and from that time he lircs and moves, nnd aeta and iet\t and thinks, — 
if he tlunk at all, — a* a soldier. It is "his business" to l^ght and lo Iw 
kiltod ; and he gooa to hit work as a matter of counie. IJu is [«id for 
it, and be does it The fatal tt«p once takun, there i« no mor» htnilatiun. 
Looking at hint, ns he is in his individuality, )ic may not come up to 
one's ideas of a good soldier ; but be ia the nine-hundredth part of one of 
the best regimcnu in the world. We mtut look at our Knglish soldiera 
in tlie coHCrett, if we would estimate them aright. 

Now, tbcae are the men, doubllea^ to stand a diarg* of Freticti 
cavalry, or to seale thft nails of a fortifi«4 town in the enemy's country. 

L Supported by one anotlter, they can do vrondvrs. Couwe, lik« cowardicf^ 
ia (ontagloui. Each man does his [art in the duty of \\\» t[0(>p or com* 
pany ; but it is not ocrlatn that, if ho wtro lod to ftmself, !k vrovild do 
his «wii duly equally vrell. VVhere tberv ii a rery strong incitement, 
the case may b« dilTerent. If tlie Kreikch were advuncing upon tba 
GBfutal from Brighton or Dover, it is pouibk that our lair hiUs ofSumy 
and Kent miglii bristle with aimed men. Strong in their undisciplined 
valour — men who nould not quail before the liraiiiturt of the inTading 
army. It u poMiUo that the unskilled and untrained gallantry of our 
Bngliali labourcra, put Iwth in defence of their hearths and altars, nught 



be nun than ft nuldi fi>r the «»ll-dri])«l tnttalkxii of our warlike fiei|th- 
Iwtm. Th* ptmaBOiUj of Im Vendee that dawn, rrom bekiix] then bet^^ 
rowi^ the bett tioopi of the Nsiional Gaari ; the besTdleaa bojs of the 
r»jr&tist ittrtv nude h«vac ainonft the veterana of the R4>|>ul>lie. But there 
«u ui cntnorium and viviicitv unong them forci^ to our nfttiona) 
chwider. It nmaitis to te proTcd whether, if the criiU wtre to ttnire. 
th« peAstntry of our Muthem cotintieA iroatd bo found equal lo ii — 
whether, Inft to thmntelTc*, tfaejr would rise at a moriient'i notice, and 
pour ihemwlrea ujion the advwieing cotumnB of the inraders — end 
whether, if they met the Otllie legjoiM bra to &cek lb« thought of th«r 
Queen, tlielr countiy, their relijuiuD, their wives anA children, would 
nen-e them to ttand a volley of ^nrign niusfceti7, or a i]iow«r of Ibtncn 
grape. There ii lomcthitig very tupintmg in a good csuw. Th« nioH 
whicli in Maooos of doiocvtic tumuli, are diapened by a handful of 
ngolar troops, know that the law ia sg&init them, and are oterewed by 
ft aenw of the wcokncw of their cause. It would not bo lur to imtitute 
a cctnpari»on, therefore, between their known conduct wh«D arrayed 
against thdr lorereign and againtl the lawof tbe land, and their probabls 
beliavioiir, in the fncv of nraihtr dancer, when nil tbe best and moat 
inspiring fe«linR4 of humanity, lo^ahydoTe of borne, lore of kiDdi«d, love 
«f tibtfty, ant {woiiiptinB thrin to «ncrgetic action, 

Btill a doubt will obtrude itaelf at times whether Ibe iwDHMimbatant 
daaaei mi^t not. even in a conjuncturo of extreme itnnrinenoe, hof 
dtwiy to tiiemtelTBt their favourite notion that " tt ii not their btwnnt * 
to be killed— fbrgvtting that it r* every man's businctfa to tfaed lua blood 
in defence of the liberties of hh country. ** K-rery tnan for himetlf and 
God for us all I " might be the fwling if the TMuntery principle wan 
left too much to ittelf. But if tbe Bystenn of cooperation were once 
&irly Tfcogniaed, men would dcrirc support and eoeoinafcnicnt from each 
other — the eontngion of eoumge and {«trinlinn wvuld apread from onie 
end of the line to the other — men would be ashamed to banc baclc 
and to make cxcuus. However small the amount of a man's gulantiy 
and xesl, when he has oaee taken his appointed ploee in a oompiny 
he would he aaliaiiiDd to he absent from iL 

There ia, however, an halriiual ehyneat and reserve about Bngliafainen, 
whidi make grtcarious in^trwition extnmdy dittaatdiil to them. Tbey 
are ofiwd of their own awkwardness— afraid of commHttng themselves 
and being lauf^ed at. Tlicn ttiey do not like rubbing shoulders with men 
of dtSeieflt ranks. The rich do not like the tbouoht of htatig jostled by the 
poor; and the poor do not tika the restraint of being overlooked by the 
rich. All parties feel awkward and embamued wnen they are tbua 
thrown promiscuously lofiether. Then th*re is the inconvenience of 
turning out to drill — the unhinging and the unsettling. Soldiering ■■ not 
fiiTouiable to butineai ; cleriis and shopmen ntay not be sorry to leave 
the dMk or the counter and turn out for a spree on the parade-ground. 
Anytliiiig wliidi leiul» thetu out of the dreory routine of cverj-^day life, 
may btt welcome to them for a time But wliilst they are amused their 
employsn loffer; buiinoss is interrupted. Habits of steadiness and 
regularity are broken down. Vicious connexion* arc formed. There is 
mote harm done in « day than can be undone in a year. And, after 
all, the amount of military ardour ea^dend is the smallest in the 
world. It ia easy to ^oQ a ttsdeaman, but it is not easy to ruuke a 



Itatt thmi |[iT«iti th« hone itrensth ? Hail tbou tJuibed bis niwk «Ht}i ihuti. 
der? Uuiit thua niaka bint ufrsid m a gmuhAppAr ? The jtl*>'T ^ ''i* noiviU 

tlv pawFih in tlic rallc^ htkI rDJiiiurcli in liit alrvciffUi. H* icovlh en u> atmil 
the oriDpd tni-n. He niuckeih at fear, Mnd i* nu* •ffrightod i aeitlHr luruBth be 
bt>ck fmm lliv ii<*oril. 

lie iwallowvih thv ground with fi«iiEiiew anJ rage, a«iUi«r beUcvcili he Uui it 
U tlie MUDil al th» vuib|>oi . 

Il« with BmiMig the trumpcu bi I hu ! and be tmellclh ih« btttic a/u trO, Uie 
(hiM4«r of Um MpUiiM and ibc iliouliug. 

Job, titiif. usii. 

With th« exception of Oene«U, llie book of Job it, wo believe, con- 
lidcnd to be Uio mott ancii^it vrrittiig in tli« world ; uid it i> intcreit- 

-ingto nnurlr, thai in thi> above Rpinled and odmimble dtacriplion, the 
" one il epoken of at thit early period — a period antecedent io Abm- 

'lum— W trained to battle, and familiar with war. In all probability, 
Km um of th« tiorae in warfare isi alinoit roeval with war itsulf ; and 
fioni a veTM io the aame chapter as the abore, it is clear that I lie bnrae 
mm employtd tbcn, ai now, in the chaae of the Mtricb, of wliidi bird it 
it lolil, ■' Wliat time ihe lineUi up heradf on hioli the scometh the horto 
and his lider." But a atill earlier intimation of tlie hon« being aubdued 
by man, it oooTeyed in the seventeenth verse of the forty-ninth chapter 
of Owieais, — " An add«r in th(> path that bitcth the hono'i iMol, ao that 
Ai« riii^ fallelb buekivard." From molivrt wliich are ninlter of tpecula- 
tion, hones were not permitted to be bred by the pcupic of luncl, nor 
«r«re they permittod to uso them. Indeed, it wiu not till the time of 
Solomon, iive hundred year* nflcr the ItraeUtea had left. Egypt, that t)ie 
horte was donteiticated among them. It is curious to know that the 
prioe of the horse it stated to ^v« been UO shekels of tilver, or rather 
mm than nU* for wliich sum they were obtained iVom %ypt. 

It is coniideted that tbe fint domettication of the liorett took plact in 

tCentml Atin. whence thu knowledge of hii uacfuInoM nvdlntcd to Cbina, 
India, and Egypt i and it wan mod probably in ancient Egypt tliat tvt- 
Wnatic attuitioii wu first paid to iiiiprDTing the breed of them animals ; 
for there are abundant pictorial and csrTcd n.-pre*entatioiis of stccda 
whose symmetry and beautv atie«t that they were designed from hj^t- 
bred tjpM. It iraa in Uipi Asia that the bridle, the true saddle, the 
■limip, and probably the norve'shue, were invented ; and with many of 
those nations a borsc, a mare, aod a oolt, were Hxed nomuial atandardji 
of Talue. 

Bucephalus, pxobkUy the most oslcfaralod horse in the world, waa 
bought (br wxteen talents from Philonicus out of hia breeding paeturet of 
Pbanalia, and it ii known that he was a lifw-it^, that is, white, daud- 
ed with lar^ deep bay spots ; this particular breed was valued by the 
Parthiani above all otliert, but by the Komani it was disliked, becauia 
eaaily seen is the dark. Bucephalus was ivlden by Alexander at the 
battle of the Hydaspc*, ai>d there received his drnlh- wound. Disobedient 

• 1 King*. I. M. 



fbr oiwc to the commiind at liis matte*, he galloped fmn iho hoot of 
the fi^t, brought Alexander to a place where )i« was iwure from danger, 
knelt (as was hn cuatotn) for him in alight, .-iiid liaving lh»x, lik« a IriM 
and fiiithrul Bcrrani, diaclnirgei] liU duly to thu lost, be Irt-mbled, dreppod 
down, and died — 

»*< Mnater ! go on, mni I will follow thao 
T(i lb* ta«t ipwp, villi ln«« and loTalty." 
In R«Td»lwna, Triumnh^ Wnr, PcstilMice, and Ucnlh, are reBpoctivrij 
typified by a white, a red, a btctck, and n paW Imrte ; and in I-'urup« tlva 
■^lack horse wm long conxiilcrcd as the fomi or an evil demon. Curioua 
B&iough^ amonff tlie modem pagan Ariatiet, Schaman loreery is uiuallj 
perfonncd with tmB|[e« of Bmall hono* •usp-ndi-d from a ropo ; and a 
lort of idolatrous wonhip is admitted cv«ti by Wohamfnedans, when 
^ Tigiet of the hone of Hoiein, or of tJiat of Khiw, the St. Geoigt of 
Jam, an produced. 

The thirty-tliird chapter of the fourlli l>ook ofCieaafs Coniniontari« 
has e^tecial intetuat aa detailing accuralely the mode of e^ucitriaii war- 
fare of th« ulicriginc* of Britain : — " Th^ modu of fighting with their 
diaiiou ii thii: finlly, Ihey drive about in all directions and tfanw 
Hmt wtApons, and generally far«ak Uie ratdta of the enemy with tha wry 
irtoA of tbdr horse* and th« noia« of their whocta; and when they have 
'vorketi themielvei in l>elween the troops of horse, leap from ttinr 
diariots, and engage on foot. The charioteers, meanttmc, \tilhdraw 
ionw little distance from the battle, and so plate themselves with the 
oU, Hal if their inast«ra are overpowered by the number of the 
__iy they may hare a ready ratnat to their own troops. Thus they 
n^Iay in battle the speed of hone witb the firmnesi of iiifuntry ; and 
Vy daily jiriK'tict^! and (jxercise attain to stich expertoeis, that ihey are 
aoem t omed, even on u di?clint»g and steep place, to checit their horsce aL 
full apcod, and manage and turn Uicm in an instant, and run along lh« 
pole and stand on the yoke, and (hen« betake thwnwlve* with the 
greatest celerity to thtnr duiriot* again." The particular description of 
EoTK here alluded to is uncertain, but there was thini in ttioae idands a 
Ta«e of indigenous ponies, which ia itill represented by the Shetland, 
Well}), New Forest, and Uurtinoor bnmds : their stature ts attested by a 
rvDiaik of St. .\uslin : — "The mnnnii, or ponies brought from llritain, 
were chiefly in use &n>onj; strolling |icr|(>ni)eTs to exhibit in feats of their 
Cjafl ;" and it was llic faiJiion at that time to »hnve all the upp<<r parts 
of tlie ihDggy bodies of thes« ponies in summer, somewhat aller the 
fashion of u^eHpfi^s nf the present day. 

The county ATg)-I>.- in Scotland is said to dsrive tta name from Ar9- 
Cafl — Che breeding or honw stud of the Gael ; and in a tupeirb work 
recently publi»b{>d, called the " ArchKolf^y of SeotUnd," there is a dc- 
aeription of a truly remarkable diseorerj*, Uirowing li|^t gn the ehaiiot- 
eenng of the Celts. There have l>een dug up, iu«r the parallel roads of 
Glen Roy, tvro ttctu horae-eolUrs, tbe on« fbntied of trap, or whinstonc, 
lliootlier of a fiiwgraincd red granite: Umbo bear all the evidence of 
fint-ntte workmanship, nre hi(;h)y polished, and on of the full size of a 
collar adapted to a Ginall highland norae, bearing a cloae imitation of the 
details of a hone collar of mnnton materials in tbo folds of tbe l«atber, 
the nails, buckles, &c. It has Iwun suggested by antiquaries, that tha 
amphitheatre of Glen Roy might Iiave been tbe boodc of ancient public 
~an>us, and th*t thcw stone tvWun miglit be intended to cumnieinorftle 
)e vietor iii tbe moe. 



Hengirt, the mnno of Uie foun^ «f U19 Snxon <}yna«ty, oijrnriicd an 
CDltto hone: tati hy Ihe Ssxon* llie hone vns an obJ«et of nipeiYtitious 
vfRtratian. Of this there remainii an Mcample whi^h must In> bniilior 19 
all who in lh« old coaehir^ Anyn nyUt through Whitt^ HorM Vnlo !n Berk- 
aliini. The turf on the ndt of s hill Itas tvcii cut away, diiflaying the 
fhaJlc heiwAth in the &gnn ef a (fi^Tiiic h4R<>. <y>v«nn|; many hundred 
Bi|uar« tevt. This h a genumo Saxon rriic, nnd hso, we believe, been 
pnacTTod b/ a day being wuiunll; kept m htg)i futtival, on tvhich ttll 
vree^B (ire carefully dniM from the figuTO, and the outline ivstorcd. 

The Angto^xont an wfipoKcd to har« fint utcd ih« horc« in plough- 
ing about the lultrr part of th« tentli rentury : on Xhf InTdcr of the 
Bayrus tapcrfry, n^prMenting llio landing of William the Conqueror siid 
the Battle of Ilutinftn (^.f. I06S), thor* is a repicMntation of a man 
drivin;; a hurow, the earliest inmaiice wa believe of h«rsea thus used in 
Rdd labour. 

Horse-racinj; vta* intro>l»iced into Britain a.d. 930, whpn Ilof>h tho 
Qmt, Iteott of tlie houie of Capet, monnrchi of Franca, prntented to 
A thebtan, whoae aider Bdelawitha he wooed and (*on, aeveral running 
botM* (<f<Mt ttmoTM of thu old CliTonielc) mngnitic^iitly cnpaiimnod- 
Atbelttao awmt to hare attadied due importance to this iniproTvmeiit 
upon the pretioua breod, lince h«iuued a decree prohibiting the expuria- 
tiOD of faorees without hit license. The moat marked improvement, how- 
ever, look plan at the Noruian Conquest, the martial bnrona briiiffing 
with tlteni a large forte of cavalry, and it waa. by the way, lo their 
Bupcrioritj in that important arm that th« victory of llastiDgt waa in a 
gRBt mMstm to be nanibed. 

Tlic Eortcr and VVhitiiuntido holidays vrere eepedally famouK among 
our fV'refatlicn for racing, at OKOtionvd in Uio old metrical romance of 
Sir Bevia of Southampton ; — 

•■ In aonHr, at U'hiuantirde, 
WbM kniflliiia mwi Ml hAntiuk ryde 

A omint. Ijtt tiiHf BUikt or a ilaya 
Stc^dc* anil polfnjro for w Bnayc ; 
WbidM) horw thu Imt maj rvn, 
Tlirva mf las llw omit* w«a ibon. 
Who that miifht 1740 hioi «Im>uUs 
Have fony pounda of redy foldo." 

The office of Master of the Ilorae datea bock to Allnx] the Great; tba 
ancient Chrotticloa ntato the attention paid by him to the breediiu and 
improTuineiit of tliv liortu, lo carry out which in lh« nioat eSncient 
manner an otiicer wat ^^inted, called tJort Than, or Horn Tkaiw, 
— Uaater of the Uorte ; aiid dturing ftrery auooeoding neigji thia officer 
haa held high rank, being near itw loyal penon on all atate occoniuna. 

We may form aoine idea of tlw value of a hone about Ihat Lime by 
a document bearing date a.D. 1000, whicli atatvH that if a horce bo 
deetroyed or negligently k»l, the compeniatioii to b« demanded waa 
thirty ■hillings, for a mara or colt twenty tliillingi, and for a man ona 
pound. Of course the currency of th« preaent day diflar* widely fiwa 
that of tbe above period. 

Tbo year ot' grace 121 1 i> important in equestrian annaii, aa witnest- 
ing tlw introduction into England of the Unit of the Arabian utock; and 
about tbe mmdo tinie another waa prewntvd by Alexnndor U Udr of 
Scotland, to the cbunih of St. Andrewa, thuuftU what ralatiuii a nic»- 

< f 


hor«e liad to the diurch has bcm a knotty point for antiquaries. 
Bolli thcM nnimolN wore Inie liailiii ftuin Morocco, procured doitlitlcH 
tlirough the agency of Jew dealers. There is no breed which hw exer- 
ciuid S6 great tm inflmnce upon the tX(x\c of th«»e iilands ai the Arabiaiit 
and none more dcacrrinj^ of kiii<ln«Bs for tlie admirabla qiwlitjrs they 
fiotiew. Kindness and forbeai^nce towarda animali is iiini1cnt«(i hy the 
Konin, and it was a cutting satire upon our bofl«ted dirilizaticn when, in 
alluoion to thia point, il Mcior ivmorked to Colonel Hamilton Smith, " It 
in not in your book." 

Heniy'VIII.. with that wronghcadod ohrtinacy io characteristic of 
him, i»ucd inort aibitrury laws rwpuctlng horsot, or<l('rin([ nil horsni to 
1« dostroyed al Michaelmas in ©seh year that were not likdy to produce 
a valuatife breed, and commanding that oil hi* ptclatei and nohlfs, and 
*' all those whose wivea wore velvet bonnets,*" sliould keep horws for tho 
•addle al least fifteen hands high- The effect of tlieae niiier«hle regula- 
tions was so injurious, that fbrty-onc yeora after, Etixabcth could only 
muster time tliouEond mounted soldiers to repel the expected Armada* 
Old Andrew Fuller relates a quaint anecdote of Lord Burluigli, the cele- 
brtit«d sngo cniuicillor of (Jiu>Fn Bon: — " When BUinu nohlcmiin hud got 
William Cecil to ride with tlicm s-htmlin^ and the sport began to be 
cold, ' ^Vhat call you this ?' said the TreasitreT. — ' Oh, now lliu doj^ ure 
at fault,' was the rf ply. — ' Yea,' quoth the TrensurL-r, ' takf mr again in 
such a fault, and 1 'II give you leave to punish me.' " Hunting was not 
his forte. 

In the rctgn of James I. races were established in many parts flf the 
kingdom ; and the races were then called beU-eourscs, the prize being a 
■ikcr boll, whcnco tho cxpresnian to boar off the bell ! In Ui« rdgn of 
Charles I. races wore held in Hyde Park, aiid at Newmarltet, and Charles 
II. most wannly pntronised tliein, enlrring horses at Newmarket in his 
omi name ; and about this time the bells witu converted into cups, or 
other species of plate, vnlurd at one hundred guineas «a«h. In those 
earlier dayn pmfusxionnt jockeys were unknown, but it is curioua to liear 
the opinion of a celtibmled writer and distinguished man. Lord Herbert, 
of Cherbury, " The exercise," says he, " I do not approve of, it running 
of horses, there being much chcalitig in that kind. Neither do 1 ace 
why a bmve man should delight in a creature whoge chief use is to help 
him to run away !" Lord Herbert might hnve beuii a great philosopher, 
tut he certninly u'ould not have been qualilied to be a metnln-r of tlis 
Jockey Club. Cromwrll, however, who had himself trained the fiucat 
ngiment of cavalry then in existence, was aware of the importance of 
■peed and Itottom, und Charles H. obtained a large ntunber of marce and 
^nllion* fron> the Luvont, so that the Arnbinn blood was freely mingled 
inth chat of the native breed. 

The feau of celebrated horsw are duly chronicled in books devoted to 
■porting subjects, and we shall merely notice them incidentally. The 
most extreordina/y instance, perhaps, of the etoulucss, m well as speed 
of the roce-honw, was afibrded by Quiltbler, who in Deeember, 1785, ran 
twenty-three miles round the flat itt NVwinnrkrt in fifty-seven minutes 
and ten seconds ! In I77ii, a mile was lun by Fircloil in one minute 

' Air. AlKciitliKh riitiuntci tbui ibcr« arc iin» in Urcat tlril^'u fniRi 1,400,000 
U 1,000,000 hunts anpk))^!! Tur tarluu* purfinwit i>r j>lniBtiT« ami utUriy : uhlnf 
their HTcnige worth ni rnitn 10/. in IV., their tout nine vould b« frmn 
Jl.iHNi.OPflf. to IS.AOO.tmW.. axejutivsiif thsimunx liomM 




and four Keonda, and Flyinj; Childen ran over the Beacon Coutw (four 
milr«, on« furlonc, viie hundred iind ihirty-clght vards) in seven Di!iiutc« 
and Uiirty (eoooas I On the 29th of SepteniWr, 1838, n trial of speed 
took plae« belweGii the Otiral Cossacks and th« Kerguisc Kninnlts ov«r a 
oounp of cighlrrn vcntt, uid to be ctjual to thiitevn and a half Eiigtuh 
milta. The race was run by many horees of great ii[)ttd, bul ^nined by 
twins who ran neck and nock the wholo dintanee, ami.'inf! nt ihs winning 
post !n Iwcnty-feur mtnutca thirty-fSre tccondu I And it is <«iil that 
the Sultan's son rode » Kcrgiuse Kaisak block hone over Uic same course 
in nineteen minutes. 

In 1 74S, Mr. Thornton lode from Stilton to London, back, and again 
to London, making two hundred and fifteen miles, in elevm hours, on 
the turnpike rood and uneven i^und; and when the M-retcIipd atat« of 
th« roads at that period is consittercd, the fcnt wns truly remarkatik. 

Perhaps the most ajn^lar ttrugele on i««onl was that betwe«n Tarra- 
gon, Uandul, and Attbur^-, at Nen-castle Under-Lyne. Of the fint 
flifw heats then was no winner, Tomgon and Ilandol being each limo 
ROM and nc«e : and &Ithoug)i Aitbury was itated to hav^ been thini in 
the fint heat, yd he wu so n«arly on a level with the olhrr* that there 
was a diOiculty in ptacinj; him as such. AAer the second huat tho 
steward reciiiestf^l two other gentlemen to look with htm tteadUy oa tli«y 
csme to tr\- to decide in favour of (in« of tliera, but it wan impossible to da 
■ft. In the third de«d beat Tunson and Haodcl had struggled with each 
fltbttr until they reeled about as ii they wera drunk, snd eould scarcely 
eany their riders to the M?al<«. Aatbuiy, who had lain by aflcr tho fiiat 
beat, then came out and won. 

One of the most eelebratod raee-horsra this country hos te«n wni (he 
Codolpliin Aralnon, wlio was bought in France when actually engaged in 
drawing a cart. DetwMn this noble animal and a cat a most loving 
fri^ndHhip exiited. When in the stabU puss always either sal upon his 
back, or nestled as closely to him on she could ; and at his death she 
reforied bcr food, pined away ond died. Mr. Holcrofl gives a similar 
nlatioa of a racer and a cat, whom the horse used to take up in his 
mouth and mount on his bock without hurting her, «hc perfectly under, 
tt^nding this singular mode of conveyance- There wa:i another cele- 
bnted borse of yore, called the M<ul Araiian. from his gnat fi>T«city and 
ungoTsmabli! temper. This horse — Chtllaby bynamo — savagely tore in 
tiMces the figure of a man purposely placed in his way, and could only 
90 t|^)T«aehtd by one groom. Yet with all this ferocity he evinced the 
most ttoider aiTection lor a lamb^ who u^d lu employ himself for many 
Bii hour in butting away flias that annoyed his friend. 

It is well known how thotnughly racers enter into the spirit of the 
coarse- Of this a noble horw called Porrcst^ir prcMntod a remarkable 
ilhutnlion. Porrc-tter had won many a liardly contested ran^, but in an 
•vil hour was matcliMl againit an extraordinary hont colled Elephant. 
It woa a lour-milc course, and at tb« distance-pott the horses were nose 
to now. Belwocn this and the wimiing post RIephnnt gol a little 
■head. Forrester mode every pontble effort to recover this lost ground, 
until finding all his efforts ineffectual) he mad« one desperate plunce, 
•eited hit antagonist by the jaw, and cotild scarcely be forced to tjuit his 
bold. A limilar intidoit occurred in 1 753, when a final Wse belonging 
to Hr>Quin was rendered so frantic at finding bii antsgonial gradwUy 
paasing him, that he Mtwd him ^ the U^ and both ridsn wera obliged 
to dismoutit oikI combine tbuir idlorb to sepuaU Ihu uniinab. 



In htltU, horufi have hecn kiiuwn to uiixe the oppoMDg charger with 
Uiv utmost fury, snd tliui t« aaast tlic sabre i>tha rider. This culU Ut 
our rain<i the dcftth of an olcl war-horae at Stnnfilcl'iti I.ndgi^ n«ar Bed- 
ford. Thii Rnv old fvlluw hud »crvud in o»u of our ligiil i-avalrj- rcp- 
nieuts which had flaved a coiispicuoiu part at Waterloo. Ilia hide ban 
th« marks of seTcral wi>un<]« by t&bre ami Unct, ond no lt»s than <3|tl>t 
luuKket-liulU were found iii his tvody I Notwilhttanding thia he had 
attained to the ripe o^e of tvfeiity-wvwn. 

The Now World Ji inilvhtcd tor t))c myr4(kdt of wild hortei which 
nnrunii upon Ihu I'amp^ia of itie South and the Frairiek o{ the North, to 
the Spanish stock curried by Oculwi to Mexico, and to IViu by Pisarro. 
In genial cUmatcR it was natural that, with itbuitdunt herhug« and tern 
dongeroutcrioiiiiuiiiammalt of ^itch power and iiiitfltigence should incrcAM 
and multiply with great rapidity. Dr. IleituRLT noU^ Ihc fim hafvesin 
Paraguay to have U-cn intporlisi from Spun and the Cnnariei b) 153?. 
and Akuti fuuod in ihu Archives of AiKOtwon, a document [iroviiig that 
Jralu, in Hiil, bought a Spsnub boiae for t})ii sum offilUva Ui«utand 

According to llermi'Di ttio Spanish historian, hor«« vnn objrcta of th* 
prcttttut aitoni«hm«iit to all tho poplu uf Nt-w Spiiin. At lir«t t^u^y 
iiiiagi»ed ttie )iur«e and hit rider, like the ci-iilaum uf the uiiciuiita, to he 
some motiittuus animal of a terriblo form, and tupposin}! their food wa* 
that af minii hrou|^it flrsli and hrcud to iiouritli them. ICveu aftvr lh«y 
ditcorcrcd their inintako tlicy Ix^licved the huraee devoured men in haltlei 
aiid wh«ii they neighed, thought Lhey woio deniandinK thoir prey. A 
curious incident occurred tvheii Piitarru on oito occu»ti)ri was in grtaX 
•traitfi, being hammed in by a l>ody of ten thousand min of ruolut« 
hearing, and eugtr to drive tlie invadr.n into the sciu Ai the Spaniards 
wuro making Ui«ir way, holly pn.'»iiK], one of the cnralien woa thrown 
from III* hurae. Thin, which at £rat itigiil might ho ci>ni<id«retl an un> 
toward event, was the saivutiou of the party, fur the (ndian.i ner« so 
Utoniihud at tlii« HpoiiliLitnouA ie|)nmtiun of what they supposed to be 
one and ihu name being, that not knowing whiUt would boppon next, thoy 
actually took to Highl and left Iho c«att clear for the Spuiiiardii to reach 
tlietr shipj. 

The inhnbitantt of the IkIuh of Petiai liet«n»d BttentivAly to tUu 
preucliiiig «f the Kranciscaii ?riani who accompanied the expedition of 
Cortez, and coitBctilcd lo the instant demolition of thdr idols, and the 
erection of the Cru** upon th<'ir ruin*. How Tm th«ee hurried convcr- 
lioiis wtn founded on conviction is shown liy the following anecdote. 
Cartel, on his departuie, left among tliis friendly peopk- ono ofhit hones 
who luid t>ccii dimbled by an injury in the foot. The Indians fell a reve- 
rence for the animal as in loine way connected witli tliv niysteriuus 
power of the white iiien. When their -vieiitur* Itud gone, they nflercd 
llowen to the hurse, and, a* is tuid, prepared for him many savoury 
meaiei of poultry, such as they wnuKI have adinuiiatered to their own 
uclc. Under lint oxtraordiuary diet the poor uiininl pSiivKl away and 
ditd. Tliti Indians rsised bii ofiiKy in ttone, and placing il in oiiu of 
their teniple^, did homage to it as to a deity. In ItilS, when two 
PianciKtui fiiars came to prtach the Goapel in tlwsc regioni^ then 
icucvly belter known to llw Spaniard* thiui bcfoiu the time of Cortex, 
one of the most remarkable objt^ts whidi they found was this Btalue of 
a hone, receiving tlie liomsge of the Indian wot*lu|>par« as iha god of 
thunder and lighttiiug I 




The aJmirBble AH\ <iFth« South American* sa lionemeo U evcry- 
vfhcrc Bcknovrledgvd, tnd list been described by many nritcrs ; tlio 
foDnvring account, howercr, by Mr. Darwin, U m truthful and spirited, 
that it oonr^VB th« b«s1 id«i of thotr exploits : — 

" One L-vcntDK « 'donttdor' (nubduer of hone*} csme for the puipow 
oTbroakmg in tame colts. 1 will d<-icribc th« prcpAralary itciifl, for I 
beti«Te tbey Itave not b«?n mentioned hy other trarellera. A troop of 
wild youna homa it driven into the oornl or Uije encloaure of stiiJce*, 
nnd the door ii ihut. We will nippose that one man alone hiu to catoii 
and mount a hone whUh ok yet hnd novcr felt bridlfl or soddlo. I con- 
ceire, except by a Ouacho. kucIi o ftut would be utterly impneticableL 
The Gtiacho piclcH out a fiill-|^wn colt ; and w the beaet nulieB round 
the circus, he throwg h\» Iilmo io a* to catch both the front leg*. In- 
■tantly the liorw rolli over with a heavy ihock, and whilst stru^ling 
on the ground the Ouacho, holdtn); (ho luso ti(;ht, make* n circio so aa 
to (Steb one of the hind legs juit bcticath tliu fetlock, and draws it cloK 
lo the two froDt. He then hitches the luio, w t)i5t Uie tluvc kgi ar« 
bound togethu ; then sitting on ibu hono'a neck, he lixca a strong bridle, 
without a bit, to the lower jaw. Tliis tic docs by passing a narrow 
thoiig through the eyeholes at the end of the reins, and several times 
round both jaw and tongue. The two Iront I^s are now tied closoljf 
tmether witb a strong Itsthern thong bstcnnl by a slip'knot, the Usso 
whidi bound the three together being then loosed, tlie iiane riw» with 
difficulty. The Ouacho, now holing &at thp bridle fixi<d to the lower 

{'iw, luda the hone outside the corral If a Kcond niuii is present 
otherwise Uie trouble is mucli greater), he holds the animal's head 
wliilst the lirtt puts on llie horse-cloths and saddle and girtfai, the wbola 
togetlicr. During this operation, the horse, from dread and astonishment 
at bein;; thus bound round the waist, thows himsi^lf over and over a{[aia 
on the creund, and till btatvn Is unwilling to rise. At Inst when tlie 
Mddliog is Aoitlied, the poor animal can hardly brcatlie from fear, and is 
wUte irith foam and sweat. The man now preparas to mount by 
pressing heavily on the stirrup, so that the horse may not lowt its 
befautcc; and at the moment he throws his leg over tho animal's buck 
he pulls the slip-knot and the bf^nai is (m. The hor^i, wild with dr«ad, 
ffivc* a few nwit violent bounds, end then st^rid off at full gallop. 
When qiute exhausted, the man by patience brinf^s him back to the 
eomi, where, naking hot and scueely alive, the poor boost is let &ee. 
Those animals which will not gallop away, but obstinately tlirow tlicm- 
selves on the ground, arc by fiu" the most troublesome 

* In Chili a hone is not eoniideKd perfectly broken till he can be 
brought up standing in tlie mtdst of his ftiU speed on any particular 
■pot ; fat instance, on n clouk thrown on the grotrnd ; or again, will 
chugs a wall and, rcanng, scmpe tlve surface with his hoo&. J have 
seen an animal bouitdiiiK with spirit, yet merely rvined by a brvfiuger 
snd thumb, taken at fuU gallop ocross a court-yard, and then miule Lo 
wheel round the pott of a verandah with great speed, but at so equal a 
distance that the rider with outstretched arm, all the while kept one 
finger rubbing the post, then making a ilemi'tolte in the air with tho 
other arm oiittlrt.^lchcd in a like manner, he wheeled round with as toni A- 
iag toicv in the oppo«il« direction. Such a hone is well btvkeii ; und 
although this at tirst may appear useless, it is liu- otherwise. It is only 
canymg Uwit which is daily necessary into perfection. When a bulleclt 




>■ checked and cauglit l>v the Ismo, tt %«ill tomottinea gallop rounil and 
round in a circle, uni) thi- liorst; biding alomicd at the grrat ttnuii, if nut ' 
well broken, will not readily turn like ihe pivot of a wheel. In con- 
eequcnce THBny nion have Wpn killed; for if a latso once takes a twiat 
ruuiid a inan'» body, it will iimUnlly, from tlie power of ihe tiro animdf, 
almfltt cut him in twain. On th« same pirinciple the race* are managed. 
The courrc it only two or three hundred yards lon^t tho dsndwBtum 
being, to havt; horaea that can make a mpid Oiuh. Th« race-honea an 
trained not only to stand with their hooCs touching a line, but to draw 
all four feet together, so aa at the firat iqiring to bring into [ilay tho Aill 
action of the hind quarters. In Chili I waa told an anecdote, which I 
believe n-a» true, and it otTers a good illustration of the use of a well 
broken animal. A reapecieble man riding one dny met two othort, one 
of whom was inounte<l on a hone, which he knew to hare been atolen 
from hiiiuulf. He ohallen^'d ihem; they answured by drawing their 
sabres and giving chiiH. Tb(^ man on his good and fleet boast kopt just 
oliKH'l 1 &» )i« (inued a thick IiukIi he wheded round it, and brought up 
hia horse to a dead check. The purauets were obliged to shoot on one 
sido and alir«d. Then instantly da>hing on right behind them, ho 
buried hia knife in Ihe hack of one, wounded the other, recovered )ii* 
horee iVom tho dying robW, and rode home!" Animals are lo abundant 
ill tliete countries that humanity t* saircv'ly known. Mr. I>arwin ivas 
one day riding in the Pampas with a very respectable " Estanciero." 
when lua horse being tired, lagged behind. The man otlen shouted to 
him to spur him, whon Mr. I), remonstrated that it was a pity, for the 
lionw was iiuitv exhuusled, he criod : "Wl-iy, not?— never mind. Spur 
him — it It my hone! " When aftirr some difficulty he wna made to un- 
derstand that it was for tlie horse's Hake that the spurs were not used, 
ho I'XiJiilMK-d with gnaii RiirjmBe : " Ah I Don Carlos ^li cosa .'" Tho 
idea had never belbre entered hia head. 

In this country the powers of horses in swimming are but Utile 
tettcd, hut in South America the case i« difforpnt as Bhown by an inci- 
dent mentionL'd by Mr. Oarwin. " I crosaed the Lucia nerar its moutli, 
and was surpriied to obtcrvc how easily our horses, although not used to 
swim, pasioii over a width of at least six hundred yards. On montion- 
ing thia s( Moriteo Video, I was told that a vccwfl containing aomo 
inountcbanks and their horses being wrecked in the Plata, one horse 
swam sovcn mile* to the shore. In the course of th« day I was amused 
by tlic dexterity with which a Guanho fotecd a restive horso to swim a 
river. He stripped off his clothes and jumped on its back, rode into the 
water till it was out of its depth ; then slipping off o\er the crupper ho 
cauglit h<>ld of the tail, and at often as th« hunu turned round, the man 
frightened il bock by splaahin^ water in its face. As soon as Ihe horse 
touched the bottom on the oth«i: side the man pulled himself on^id 
was firmly aeated, bridle in band, btfurc the horac gained the bank. A 
naked man on a naked horse is a line spectacle. I had no idea how 
well the two anitnnls suited each other. The tail of a horao is a very 
useful appendnjje. 1 have passed a river in a bout with four people in it) 
which was lemed across in the same way as Lhs Guiicho. If a man 
and horse hav« lo cnxs a broad river, the best plan is fur the man to 
catcfi hold of tlie pomniel or mane, and help liimsclf witb the other 
The TurlcuniaD horses are moat highly prized in Persia, and an regu* 

larly trained by the TurkumftnE propsrotory to thvii plundfring eiipedi- 
tinii. Before |iroc«vding on a foray, thn« wild pcopk knead a Rumbn 
«f ntail hard balls of barley -meal, which, when wanted, they loak in 
water, and wtiii'h grrvct lu fnnd both lor llicitiiit^lvi-fl and their horwa. 
It ii u frequent pnctict! wlih ihein in croning deserts witcre no wai«r u 
to be found, to open a vein in the shoulder of th» hone ai>d drink s Itltie 
of his blood, which, according to tlicir own opinion, benefits rather than 
isjiuta tbe aninuU. It ia confldently ttivtod, tiial when in condition] 
their bonea bare gone one hundred and (brty miki viithin tnraty-four 
houn; and it baa beeu proved that parlies of titvm were in the habit of 
marching from sercnty to one hundred and five milos for twelve or IKleen 
days tOTOther witliout a halt. Dunng Sir John Malcolm's Rnt migtion 
tu Persia, h«, whtrn riding one day near a small encaniproent of At'«lutr 
&nuiici, cxprciscd doubt* to hia Mchma.ndor, a Pcriian nobleman, na to 
tho reputed boldiiaa* and (kill irk horsemanship of thvir fvinales. Tlio 
Mehmander immediately called to & young woman of handsomw appeur- 
ance and aakod her in Turkiah, if loe waa a loldicr'a daughter. She 
toid (h* ma. " And you expect tA be a mother of sol^n}" She 
■miled. " HouDt that horse," said he, pointing (o one with a bridle, but 
witbotit a 8addl«i"aiid ihow tliia European Etchcc tho diBbrcnce be- 
IwMD a girl of a tribe and a citizen's daughter." She inilantly eprang 
upon the animal, and setting off at full speed, did not atop till she hod 
readied the mimmit of a imalt hi)] in thv vicinity, which waa corered 
with looae stones. When there she wared her bond over licr head, ukI 
came down the bill at the aame rate at which she hnd BK<end«d it. 
Nothiii][ could be moro dan^rous than the ground over wliicb she gal- 
loped; but she appcartd quit*.- fearless, and tecmAd delighted at having 
the opportunity of vindicating the females of ber tribe from the tvproach 
of being like the ladica of cities. 

The Shrubat-Mr-ItettU, or Drmktrt <^ the Wind, narod by the Moo- 

gralnna of the West, ore shaped like greyhounds and as spare as » bog 

of bonea, but thur spirit and endiiranctr of fatigue are prodigious. On 

one occaMon the chief of a tribe was roht><>d of a fiLvounto fleet animal 

of (hi* race, aitd the camp went out in pursuit eight hours after Uia 

LhefL At night, UMnigh the borse was not yet lecovered, it was aseef' 

tained that the purtuers bad headed hit track, and would tccurv him 

before nvoming. Tho mcMcngcr who returotd with this intelligence had 

ridden iiirly inilea in the withering hvat uf the desert without drawing 

IbiL These animaU are stated by Mr. Uavidson, to be fed only once in 

Ltbree days, when they receive a huge iar of canwl's milk ; this, witit an 

loccattonu handful of dates, is tlietr only food. 

Tlie fulli^t and most intereeting account of the Arab horw has been 
vritten by GcnenU Uaumas, and lU value i« greatly enhanced by coa- 
taining a Letter on Ui« subject, written entirely by the celebrated Abd- 
el-Kadir, ax>d a very remarkable document this is. According to this 
high authority, a pcrfixlly sound Arab horeo can, without difficulty, 
tiBvd Rcftily thirty miles daily for three or lour ntontTis, without resting 
a aingte day ; and such a horM can accomplish fifty faratattia — not less 
than two hundred mile* — ia one day. when Abd-ol-Kadir vras with 
his tribe at Uelonia, tltey niade raxmu in tli« Djebet-amour, puafainff 
tbeir Itortes at a gallop for five or six hours without drawing bridle, and 
they occonipliilted their expeditions in from twenty to twenty-five days. 
During all this time their bonce ale only the com carried b^ llwu 





rid«n, amounting to nbotit eight ordinary meale. They ol%«n dranl: 
nothing far on« or two daya> and on ono DccMion were thrm days with- 
out water. The Arolic lunguage is rery c|>ignunin»tic and the Arnbc 
«asign tho reuoiw ^r inittriicting their honea early in theic proverb*: 
" The lc«Mna of inr&ncy are grsvon tn ttono ; hut Ihoio of age diMppeor 
lilte the ncBts of birdi." " The young bmnch without dtfliculty 
straighten* itKclf— the large tree, never ! " Accordingiy, the inatruction 
of the horw begins in the firrt year. " If," »By» the Emir, " the hoT»o 
ii not mounted Ulbrc the thlnl ytttr, at the b«At he will only be ^od fiir 
tlie cciufM; bvtliat he hnt no ne«d of learning — it is hij natural faculty." 
Tho Anbi thus express ihe idea, " Lo Jj'ouait tuirail tm rtuv." The 
tiigli bred horse hat nu ni^ed of kaniing to run I T)i(> i>*te«in of tho 
Arab for hi* hone u conveyed in the following seiitiiii«nt of the Mge 
Olid (aiDt, Ben-el- Abbas, which has been handed down from gvtieralion 
lo geneiation, " hove thy horte«— take care of them— fi)ran> IhyMtlf no 
trc'uble ; by them coni«« huiiour, aud by tficin i» obtained heuuty. If 
horses are alandonod by olhers, I lake them into my family ; I share 
with then and my dtildreii l)>e bread ; my wives oorer thein with their 
veils, and wrap themMlvt;e in thi^ir Iiouhiuki ; 1 daily take Uivm to the 
fivld of advonture ; and, oarriud away by their imp«luous coum, 1 oin 
light with tht- most valiant." 

General Uutmuu thus duKribea a combat between two tribt^s,, dtawa 
from life, for h« enjoyed many opportunities for witneeung tuch *cen«s : 
' — " Tho horsemen of tlio two tribes ar? in front, the women in the ntar, 
roady to axcitc the combiitantM by their crira and nppluuJie ; they am 

protected by the infontry who also form the rvsei^e. The battle i* com- 
tnenocd by little bands of ten or (ifteea horaemert, who hov«r on the 
ilanko, and K«k to turn the enemy. The chicia, at the head of a com- 
pucl body, form tlie centre. 

** Pn>sently the scutie Iwcomea warm and animated — the young BBva- 
Uore, the bravest and best mounted, dath forward to tho front, carried 
awny by their ardour and thirst for bloo<h They uncover tlieir heads, 
ling th«ir war >oiig«, and excite (•> the tight by these criet, ' ^V'hen? are 
thtiMj who have niidtreates ? It is under their cyos that the warriors 
fight to-day. ^V)lere ere those who by their chief* always boiist uf their 
valour? Now let th«ir tongues speak loud, and rot in tlioee habbltngB. 
Where arc thott; who run af^or rcputaliori 1 Forward ! forward ! chil* 
dren of jiowdeT I Rehold these Rons of Jewt-^-our tmbn-s shall dciiik 
Ihoir blood — tlieir goods we will give to our wives t " These erics in- 
flame tho lioracm«n — thi^ make their steeds bound, and unsling their 
guns — ever}' face demands blood — they mingle In the fhiy, and sabre 
cuts are cverywhorc exchanged. 

" Ilowe\-i:r, unc uf the parties has the wont of it, and begins tO fall 
Ittck on the camels which carry the women. Then an heard on both 
sidea tho women— on the one animating Ihe conquerora by their ciriM of 
toy ~' on tlie other, seeking to stiniulatc the failing courogL* of thoir hv%' 
fatuida and broltiers by their Kcreams of anger and imprecation. Under 
theae njmachea the ardour of llie viu>quislied tetums, and they make a 
TigOTDus effort. Supported by tho fire of the infantry who are in rvaervc, 
they recuier llieir ground, and throw bnek thuir pnomy into tho niidit of 
the women, who in their Lom curw those wlioin just before tliey had 
^iphaidod. The Uittlo tvturna to the ground which lies hetwoen ibo 
nnaUs of tlio tribes. At iut tho puny who lutvt< sufTcred most in man 



aoA bonea, who have Buitiuned the greatoat lots, and havo Been tli«ir 
bravest ehieft (all, Ukc flight in spite or the cxhattatioiu and prayers oT 
IhoM bfttd men who, trying to rally them, fly r^ht and left, and try to 
rwover the victory. Sorm w&rriors ftill hoM thoir ground, but the 
gmeial route svrecpi thetn ofl*. TItey arc noon ly th<-ir wwinen—tlicii 
•B(J>,MMnf> that ftU ii lut, oocupies him&i^lf in eaTitifi that which ii 
deoreM ; they gain as much groiintl bd powiibio in their flight, turning 
from time to tinw to fiicc the punniing vneniy. The conqueron inighl 
ruin them e«niplet«ly, if the intoxication of their tnumph did not biuld a 
bridge of gold for iho rarniuuihcd, hut the thimt or)>!llDgi; disbuub thetlh 
One deipoiU a footmaii— another a horwnian : thin one Hcixen a hono — 
that u ncpv. Thank* to this ditorder, the bnivett of the tribe sare their 
wivei, nnd Trei^uently their tent*." 

Ueibrc 1800, no political minion fromia Rurof)e«n nation hnd vinted 
th« court or PunJB for a century : but thi^ Kn^liih had liu»e U eoMien 
trom the lofon of their deedt in Indim. An offiKcr of one of the frigatea 
which conToycd Sir John JVtalcolm'a miuion, who liod gone ailiore at 
Abusiieher, nnd wu there inount«d on a spirited herte, afforded no anall 
1 ent^rtainmettt Xt tbe Pcr«iana by his bad hor«einanahi|i. Tho next day 
fthfi man wIm iu|i[ili«d tiw ship vrith vegetolilei, and who tpolce a little 
Kngliiii, ntet Iiini on board, and uid, "Don't be aslianW, sir, nobody 
knows you; — bod rider I I t«U thvni you, lihe all Hn};liih, rido wvll, 
but that time they m* you, ^u vtrji ttrvnJc." Tho worthy Pendan 
thouglit it would have been a repraodi Svt a man of a warlike nalion not 
to rvlc irdl, but none for a Kuropcan to cet dnuik. 

Sir John Malcolm Imd taken with him to Ponia o ft* coupln of 
English (bxhounds, intending tliem as a prcient to tbe heiisipparcnt, 
Abbas Mirj». Several excelltiit runs took place, trrtatly to tbe oitonith- 
toent of the native). Une momin); a fox was killed after a very hard 
chaM i and whilst tho rest of the party wurv exulting in their sucoeas, 
adding some two feet to a wall their horses hod cleared, and relating 
wonderful hair-breudth eftnpee, Sir John wsi tmtertained by listening 
to on Arab pciuunt, whii witli animated gestuna was narmting to a 
group of hia coiintrriiKn all t)iat he l>ad teen of thb noble hunt. " There 
v«Qt the fox." soid he, pointing with a erooked stick to a clump of <lato- 
trciM ; " there he went at a great niU: : I halloed and holloed, but no- 
body beard me, and I thought he miut get away ; but when he was 
quite out of eight, up came a loiigs spotted dog, and then another and 
anotlier; they all had tb«r nose* on the ground, and gore* tongue, 
' Whow, whow, whow,' so loud that I was frightened ; — away went 
UiMo devils, wbo loon found the poor animal ; afWr Iheui galloped tbe 
Feringeca, shoutii^ and trying to make a noise louder than tlte doga,^ 
no wonder they kUI«d Iha fox among them; but it certainly is fine 

Iiutumcrabk are tbe tales illuatrativo of the love of Arabs for theb' 
borsea; tiut another ansodele mentioned by Sir John Malcolm places 
tim in on animung light. An Ifnglinh surgeon had Ix'en setting iho 
bn^en Ivg of on Arab, vrho nniploincd nioiv of the accident which bad 
be&Ueo lum, titan was ihought becoming in one nf his tribe: this the 
snrgeoa ninarked to him, and bis answ«r was truly cbaracterinlie, — 
*' Do not think, Doctor, I ibouM have uttered ooo word of cuni['lni>it if 
m; own hi^ibred oolt in a playful kick ktd btoken both my tcgB ; but to 
have o bone broken by a bruU of a jackaae u leo VoA, «cA \ will «nta.- 



A louchin^ incident U mentioned hy Mungio Park at having occmred 
whiUt he, friendJeBi and forlorn, wn» pureuing hia weary JQumejingt fiir 
in the interioi of Africa. Tbu simpV nnmtire telli iut ovro tale of 
Bccutnutnlot] miii'ry : — " July 29th. Early in tin? iiioniing my Inndlord 
obiervinu: tliat 1 wss sickly, hurried mo away, tending s servant with nte 
as a Ruido to Ken. But though I vm tittle able to walk, my hoTse was 
itiil less nble to carry mi-, and about six miles to the mtt of Modibor, 
ill crossing some rouch clayey ground ho fell ; and the united strength of 
the guide and myself coulil not pla(« him again upon his legi. I aat 
down fur some ticrie beside this worn-out auaociate of my adrcntans; 
but, finiling him atill unnble to rise, I look off the saddle and bridle, and 
placed a quantity of gmsR Iwforo liini. I surroycd Iho pour animal sa he 
lay panting on the (ground, with sympatlietie emotion, for I could not 
■uppreBS the >ad approhension that 1 should myself in a short tjme lie 
down and porisli in the tame wanner of latiguc and hunger. With thia 
forcboittng I loft my poor horse, and with grtat reluctance I followed my 
guide on foot along Lhc bank of the river until about noon, when we 
nadicd KcR, which I found to be nothing more than a Hmall fishing 

Tom with doubt and perplexity, hcoTy of heart and weary in body, 
the «nli«ppy traveller returned westward to Modiboo, after two days* 
jounwying in company wiih a negro carrying his horsu urcoutrcment*. 
" Thus conversirif:," says he, " we tmvcUcd in the most friendly manner 
until, unfortunately, we perceived the footrtep* of a lion quite fresh in 
the mud nenr the river side. My companion now proceeditd with great 
circumspection, and at last, coining to some thick underwood, he insisted 
that I should walk before him. I endeavoured to excuse myself by 
alli^iiig that I did not know the ruad, but he obstinately pcniitcd ; and 
at^er a lew high words and menacing looks, threw down th« aaddle and 
went away. This very much disconcerted me, for as I had given up all 
hope* of obtaining a horse, ] could not think of encumtiering mrscif with 
a saddle ; and talcing off the itimipa and girths, I threw the saddle into 
thfl river. The Negro no sooner eaw me throw the saddle into the water 
than ba came running from among the buiilies where he had concealed 
faisneeir, jumped into ihe river, and by help of his spear brought out the 
middle, and ran awny with it. I continued my course along the hanki 
but ai thu woud wa« retnarkably thick, and I had rcosoa to believe that 
a lion was at no great distance, I became mucii alarmed, and took a long 
circuit tlirough the bushes to avoid him. About four in llm ai\i?mooii I 
reached Mudiboo, where I fuund niy saddle! the guide, who had got 
thcTv Ijttfore me. being afraid that i should inform the king of his conduct, 
liad brought the saddle with him in a canoe. While 1 was convening 
with the dooty, and renionstiating with the guide for having IcA me in 
such a situation, I heard a hone neigh in one of the huts, and tha 
dooty inquired with a smile if I knew who was spesking to me. Ha 
explained bimtcif by telling me tlmt my horse waa atill alive, and some- 
what recovered from his fotigue." The happiness with which Park met 
hia lost fiiithful steed may be conceived, for in him he had one friend l«fV 
in the world. 

Another lamentaH victim to African travel thus touchingiy laments a 
orievouB misfbrtunc which bcfel him. Returning from aa axouiaion to 
Koulta, Major Denham writes: — " I km not at all prepared for the 
MWs which was to reach me on returning to 6ur enclosure. The hotse 


that had carried nui from Tripoli to Mountuk niiil IimrIc agwn, and on 
which I bud n<)4cn tlie wliol« joumey t'mm 1 npoli to Bonioii, had died 
a very few hour* after my doparturv for tlio lake. There an ntuationi 
in B Bian'* life in which loaca of thk nature are fuh inott keenly, and 
this ws* one of them. It wbs not fcritt, but it wot Eomething very naariy 
approa«hinj[ to it ; and though T fi>lt ajJmmed of t)ie dt<;n>c of d<?ran(re- 
mtmt which I mffcrcd from it, y«t it waa Bev<-ial day* befon; I could get 
orer the lo«> Let it, however, be retncmlKivd, that the poor animal 
had been my Bupport and comfurt — may 1 not itay. conipuiiion ? — thrnugh 
many n dreary day and night, — had endured both hunger and tbintt in 
my serTiw with the utmost paticncu, — was so docile, though an Arab, 
that he would stand ittll for houra in the desert while I ftlopt between 
lit* legs, hi« bodv afEunling ine the only thelter that eould be obUtncd 
from the poweiiul inHuencc of a iiooiidiiy iud : he was tlio fleetest of tha 
fiwt, and erer foremost in the race." • 

Captain Brown, In his " Biogniphical Sketches of Horees," pve« tho 
Ebllowiiw interesting account ofn circunutancc that occurred at tho Cape 
1^ OoM Hope. In one of the violent itorms that oflcn occur timn, a 
Tcnel was fonxd oq the rocks, and beaten tn pieces. The greaterpart of 
tbe crew perished nuMnbly, u no bout could vinturc to thnr aiaiilonca. 
A[c«nwhiii.'! a planter came from his farm to lee the «TeeI(, and knowins 
tItiF spirit of his horse, and his e^icetWnco on a swimmer, he determinca 
to make a desperate vflbrt for their ddirennc^ and pushed into the 
thundcHiig brc^en. At Gr«t both disappeared, but were toon toon on 
the surface. Neaiii^ the wrrrk, he coined two of the poor seamen to 
cling to liii boots, and to brought them safe to thore. SeTen tim:es did 
bo rvprat (his perilous font, and mved fourteen live* ; but, alas I tlie 
eighth time, the horse being much fatigued, and meeting with a formid- 
■Me wave, the gallant fellow lost his bdanco, and was overwheUned in a 
moment. Ho was scon no more, but tho nobj« horto nachGd the land in 

Lieutenant \\''ei!atead relates an adventure in his travels in Ambto, 
which illurtratcii thn importance of being woll mo«iit<'d in that wild 
land : — "On in v return from Obri to Suweik, contrary to the wish of 
the Bedoiuns. wtio hod received intelligence that the Walih^bis were 
lurlciiig aroond, I left the village where we Imd hnltt^d. nionc, with my 
gun, fai aeanh of game. Scanwly had I rodo three miles from the walla, 
vben middcnly tnniins an angle of thg locks, I found tnyself within a 
few yards of a group of about a doxen honemen who lay on the ground, 
baling tisticwly in tho sun. To tuni my hotvo's head and away woa 
tiie w<»k teweely of an instant i but hardly had I dtme so when the 
whole party were alto in their snldlea in full cry after me. Several balls 
H wbizxa] past my head, which Sayjrid ncknowtedgcd by bounding for- 
^H ward like an antelope ; bo was oecustoniod to th^ mattera, and then 
^^^ dsairo to posaess him unbanned, alone prevented my pursuers from bring- 
m ing him down. As vro approached the little town 1 looked behind me; a 

I iJieilch better mounted than his fbllowera was in advance, his dress and 

I long hair streaming behind liiin, while he poised hia long spear on high. 

I appactntl; in doubt whether he was sufficiently within nuigg to pierce 

I OM. Uy good stars docided that ho was not : for, reaning up his horse, 

I be rejoined his party, whilst I gained the walls in safety I Tbe day 

NuTatlve et TiaveU ia Africa, lijr Alajiv Denbrn^ 


Wm Styjid came intn my hsnds he had been prewmtAd to the Im'am 

Iby ft N«|d •ticikh ; nmni in domeUicit;, uid Mrcuitomed to iJiare tb« 
Ufrt ^^ MMiK Anb tkniily, he postMsed, in on cxtiaordiniir> decree, all 
Om goDlUiMM and docility, a« woll at th« (leiftneM, which diatineuuli 
Urn M« brwd of Arabis. To avoid the iiiU-»tc hcnt and rot ihcir 
auncl** the Bedouins frequcnt)> halted during mv journey for an hour 
tboul mid-day. On tbcte oec«iioii:a Snyyid would renuin perfoctiy still 
wtuU I rapOMd en the sand, scTLiritvd liy the xhadow ofliin b<>dy. My 
Dooa rcpait of datot be always looked for and shared. Whenever we 
tnlled. after unaaddtinc hini aiid tdcttiR oFT his bridle with my own 
hand*, W wiu permiltL'd to roam ftbout tlic viicninpment without control. 
At sanMt beciunc for his com at the lound of my voice, and during the 
night, without being; fiiitcn«d, he gcneially look up his <)u&rt«rs at a few 
yarda from hin nis«ter, During my coasting yoya^n ulong the HhoK, he 
always accoinpnnicd mc, and even in a cmiy open boat from Mukat to 
Indin. My health having eompolled me to r«tum to England OT»riand, 
t could nut in consequenco bring Ssyyid with me. In parting with thia 
attached and fuithftii creature, >d knft tbe companion of my perils and 
wanderings, I am not ashamed to a«lrDow1edgo that I felt on emotion 
•tmilar to vrhat is experienced in being scparatiid from a tried luid valu«d 

t friend." 
Among the NorlK American Indians th« Cnmftnclic«s take the first 
ronk UH e<iue«triansi nicing. indeed, is nitli them a constant andalinosl 
incessant exereise, and a fruitrul source of unmblinf;. Among tbdrfeata 
of riding is one, describi'd by Mr. Cutlin, an having lulonUlicd him mora 
thui anything in Iho wuy of liorfcinaiiship lie had ever bvhdd ; and it 
it ft Rtratogvin of war fnmiliar to every young man in the trib& At the 
instant he is passing an en«iny, he will drop liis body upon the opposite 
side of the hone, supp^jrting hiinftvlf with his heel upon the horse's back* 
tn this position, lying horzontolly, he will hang wliilit his hone b at ita 
fullest speed, carrying with him liis shield, bow, and arrows, and lance 
(burtccn feet long, nil or either of which he will wield with the utmott 
&dlity, rising nud throwing his arrows over the horse's bitck. or under 
his nocic, throwing himBrIf up to his proper position, or changing to the 
Mb«r wde of the hurw if ni»;e8«ary. The actual way in whidi thts is 
done is as follows: A short hair hatter is passed under the neck of the 
harte, niid both ends tightly braided into the mane, leaving ■ loop to 
hang under the neck and against the breast. Into this loop the rider 
dro;>s his elbow niiddenly and fearleuly, l^taving his h^el to hang over the 
buck of the horse to steady him and enable him to regtun the upright 

Tho following very singular custom prertuU among the tribe of North 
Ainerican [ndiiuiii, known as the Fozr4. Of this Mr. Catlin was an 
eye-witneis: " When," says he, " General Slroet and I arrived at Koo- 
ft-kuk's village, we were jutt in ttmo to see this amoiing scene on the 
pmirio, a little bsck of hi* village. Tbe Foxes, who were making up a 
war-paity lagu against tice Kous.ond had not suitable horses enough 
by twenty, hail stnl wot d to tlw ' Sbch' tho day before, according to ancient 
cuitoin, that they were coming on that day, at a certain hour, to 'smoke* 
that uuinlfcr of horaiB, and they must not fail to have lliem ready. On 
that day, oihI at the hour, the twenty young mon who w«rc be^pta for 
I horata wero on the spot, and scaled themselves on the ground in a circle, 



dentc cMwd, anal soon aAer apfWATed on the prairie, at half a mile di»- 
tancv, an c<|ual number of young nicn of the Sim: tribe, who had agFeed 
each to give & l(on«, nnd who were then salloping litem round at Tult 

rd : and {^mduolly as t]key went around in a circuit, e«ininf; nearer t» 
centre, until ihej were al lut cloM arotind the rinjj of young follow* 
taated on tlw ground. WhiUt daihing alMiit thua rach one with a 
heavy whi|> in hii band, as lio came within reach of the group on 
UlC ground ■ B«lcclod the one to ivhotn he decided to ptt-ncnt hit 
bone, and as lie pawed gare him the moit tremendous cut with his loah 
over ilic naked akoulden : and as h« darted! around again, he plied ih<:; 
whip aa bofbra. and again and again with a violent 'cmck,' until tho 
Uood could bo Mi-n triclEling down over iiii naked ihoulden, upon vrh'wh 
he initantly disniounted, and placed the hridle and whip in hi* hand*, 
■aying, ' Hen, you an a beggar ; I present you u hone, but you will 
canv my mark dd your back.' In this manner they were all. in a liltla 
white, ' whipped up*' and each had a good honw to rido homo and into 
battltk Ha ncotaiity wa* euch that bo couJd afTord to take the stripes 
and the acan oa the pnce of the horse, and the giver could alToM In 
make the preaent for the satisfaction of putting his mark on th« other. 
Olid of bootting of tiis liberality ." 

Nr. Callin give* an interestinft account of his faithful horse "Chailey." 
a DoUe animal of tho Camniichee wild brwd, which had formed as 
itrong an attachment for his niaKicr, as his master I'ur him. Tlie two 
balled generally on the bank of Gome little ttream. and iha firet thing 
dona was to undreis Charley, end drive down th« picket t^ which h« 
wa« ftstOKd, pcnmttinf; hint to graze over a circle limited by his lasso. 
On a oertain owning, when he was graiing as usual, he managed to slip 
the Una over )iis lieiid, and look his sunwr at hie pleasure as he was 
strolling round. When night approached. Mr. Caitin took the laaao in 
hMni, and ciKlcavoured to catch htm, but he continttally evaded tho 
lano until dark, when his master abaitdoned the pursuit, making up his 
mind that he sliould inevimhly loiv him, and be obliged to periomt the 
r<-st of the journey on foot. Upturning to his bivtiiiAc, in no pleasant 
state of mind, he hiid down on his beur-skin and went to sleep. In the 
middle of the n^hl he awoke whilst lyinjK on his back, nnd, lialf opening 
hii eye*, was petrified at beholding, ss h« thought, the hugu figUfc of an 
IndJAn standing over him. an<l tn the very act of stoobing to take his 
acolpt The diiti of horror tliat paralysed hun for tcie first moimnt. 
held him ntill till he saw there was no ne«d of moving ; that htt bithful 
horse had played shy till he hsd tilled his belly, and bad then mored up 
ftmn feelings of pure aSection. siid taken his position with hit fine feat 
•t the edge of his master's bed, and his head lianging over him, in which 
aHilude he stood last asleep. 

When Bunrite came the travelki awoke and beheld his faitliful servant 
at a considerable distance, picking up liis bnakfad among the cane- 
brake at the edge of the cntftk. itlr. Catlin went buiUy to work to pre- 
pare bis own, and having eaten it, had another half-hour of fruitJess 
endeavours to catch Charley, who, in the most tanloliiiiiiK manner, would 
turn round and round, just out of hts matter's teach. Mr. Callin, recol- 
lecting the evidence of hit attachment and dependtmce, affordtJ by the 
previeus night, datarminvd on another course of proceeding, so |iacke<l up 
his tnpa, unng the saddle on hit back, trailed his gun, and started Wi- 
eonoenUdly on his route. After advancing about a tiuarlcr of a mile. 



before Say.V ' 
by a Vvyi 
ti-nt of w 
th« gcnll 
Did pur' 



^^y*** ,t»ndtnj wilh hhi lietil and 

*.^^/J^n(l •* *"* •p"'' wWfe Ito had 

rfi^^jflb* f»irv.ln$. Thus li« rtood for 

'St*^ * hunied step lo tke gpoi, and 

'.•i/l^ttf^ iinaok 'ii» ""Ml<r, pasaiiig within a few 

(jii Middlo WM "placed on liU back aa Iin 
hen &11 was arnnged, and his master on 
ftiiiifuJ uiinul ai bappy and contciit«d n> 

W" ^— .. ..- ■ 

»*^* '^ YflO p"i'"** fiwarm not onlv with buHuIoe* but 

''plo /|K^#f wild honei, proud and playful animaU, rejoidng 

l^^^^^^oF fiwdom. and sweeping ilie earth with their flow- 

***2*^'*''^!i. ^'"' ""'"^ modo oftfijcing wild Imnten by the North 

^ifZ/ttf^ "^itby f**"* of the lanso. When slarlitig fur tlif cup- 

"CaS^'l* hrt*' '''* !•"'•'"> inounta the flcetiwi »(eed he can get, and 

''*?*rli» iindw hi* nrm, itarta off at full »pced till lie can enter 

^* ** h*n !■* *"'"' throw* the Iaho over the neck of one of the 

£*•■* M» th<^n itiatantly diamounW, leaving liis own hons, and runa 

g^fibC- jip («n, letting the tasio past out gradually aiid carefully 

" ?I* hi* h*"'*'* ""''' ^''^ '"*"'■' ''^'* ^''"' >"ft*»lcd, and li«s helpless 

ifciw'—^iid. Th« Indian now advan«s tlowly towards ths horse's 

Dflrt^iiig the lasso tight upon hit neck until he haii fiwtoiu'd n pair 

'*J~j,Uai upon his fore feet ; ho now loosens the lassrj, and adroitly ta»t« 

* ^ a WKwc round Iho Inwor jaw, the animal, meanwhile, rearing and 

j^-jjnff. Advancing warily hand ov«r hand, tlio man at length placet 

tL band over the animuri eyes, and on its nose, and then hreathea into 

m oostrib, on which the h«ru becomes so docile and thoroufchly eon- 

qoered, that his cajrtor haa liltl« else to do but to roniovc tbo hobbUi 

Jlon his fe«t, and ndc or lead it into camp. . 

A remarkable instance of tho confidence of a horae in a firm rider, end 
his own counge, was conspicuously evinced In the case of an Arab, men- 
tioned by Lieutenant-Colonel Hamilton Smith. General Sir Robert 
Ollleajiie bappencid, when mounted on this animal, to be present on the 
racc-«ouno of Calcutta, duiing one of the great Hindoo fcElirals when 
wvera! hundred thoutand people had aiaeiitblt^d. On a sudden an alarm 
was raven that a tiger had eacaped from his keeper*. Sir Robert imme- 
diatwy snatched a boor spear, and rode to attack this fvtmidablc enemy. 
Tha iiffa wan probably confounded by the crowd, but t)i« momont he 
pereelved Sir R^jliert, he crouched to spring at him. At that very instant, 
iho gallant soldier, on his gallant steed, leaped ri([ht orcr him — Sir 
Robert striking the spar tlirough the anlmot's epinc 1 This was a small 
grey ; but he posseated another horae who has become almost historical. 
This waa a faTouritc black charf[GT, bred at the Cape of Good Hope, and 
carried with him to India. When the noble soldier fell at th« storming 
of Kalungu, this chai^r was put up for saW, and after great compcli^on 
was knociied down lo the privates of the 8th Dragoons, who actually 
MOlribut«d their priic-moMiy, to the amount of 500/., to retain thia 
memorial of tliiir beloved coniniander. This beautiful chai^r was 
always It"! at the hrad of the n^mcnt on a march, and at the station at 


Cawnpore. took hia andent post at the colour-etanJ. where the Balul« of 
pOMiDg •quodroni wu jnTcn m drill, and «n reriowt. When the rr|p- 
ment wu ordrrrd hom«, the Tund* of llic privatM running lou', he was 
boufjht by a g^'tilleman, who ptovJi^vhI funda and a paddock fur him, 
where he might puM the remainder of hi« dajt in comfort ; but when 
the Min had departed, and the sound of the truni[ictn«a heard no mon, 
tfa* galknt tt«ed pinmi refuted hie food, and on the £r«t opportunity.' 
tMing led out lor cxvrcitc, )iv broke fruni hii gr>on>, galloped to hia 
Biuunt station on parade, neighed loudly a^n and again, and there, on 
the ipot where he hod so often proudly borne his beloved miuter, ha 
dropped down and died 1 

Before the battle of Corunna, it beinji found impoRtible to embark the 
hone* of the cavalry in the face of the vT\amy, they were ordered to be 
ahol, to prevent their Wng diatribuied among liie French cavalry. The 
poor animals, the faithful companions of the twopera in many a weary 
march luid hard-fonftHt (kinniNh, stood trnntiling an thi^y saw their com- 
panirin* fall one uOer the otlier, and by iheir piteoui looks aeemed to 
implore mercy, till the duty impoeed upon the dngoooa eotruited with 
lliR pxrrucinn of the order bcctinic unlicarable, nnd the men tum«d away 
frDiQ their liulc with acaldinz teant ; lienire ih<; French obtained a consi- 
derable number unhurt, and amonf; them aeri'ml bi^lonf^ni; to ofHeert. 
who^ nther than destroy their fnithful cli.irgRTn, hiid li:ft tb<!iii with 
hillKti attached, recommending them to the klndncia of the enemy. 

We will conclude with an anecdote related of a aon of a Intc ehiireh 
dignitary, whote ta«t« lay more in the ■porta of the dcld and the " Stud 
Book." than in Cudworth'i " Intellectual System of the Universe," or 
audi liglit reading. He was on an important occasion to meot the 

Biahop of L at dinner, and ai tt was desirable tliat a favourable 

impmsion riiould be ntode upon his lordship, his fatli«r b^ged he would 
be ^recuhle to the bialiop, and do hia beit to draw him out, as lie was 
strong in Biblical lore. Matter* wont on pleasantly cnoti|{h during the 
early part of the banquet, our friund ayin^ little, but watching hia opj)Or> 
lunity for a char^ At letiffth a puus« look place, und he thus addreeaed 
the U^op, the company litlcning: — "Night 1 venture to sulc your 
InrdRhip a question relative to a point mentioned in the Old Teilament, 
wbieh lina puxxlod me a good deal 1 " *' Oh, certainly— -moat happy I " 
Mid tbe digititary. feeling luite in his element. " Then I should be glad 
to have your lordship's opinion aa lo how long it took Nebuchadnexzsr 
to fft into conJilion itjler Ac kaJ Amu out lo yat V ' ' 

The bisl»op wa« lot in hia elentcnt. 



iTiuch indinod, in lliwie WMlprn liitittide*, to regard 
India simply as a grtat cntnp. 'llie very iiaiiiL- has recently su^jceled 
to us little but pigantic visions of Icnlcd fidds and anncd legion*, with 
all ilie gliitcriiig nnil ftflrjjt'oiiB [wiiioply, the " [iridi-, jioinp, and drcum- 
itUnce of glorious war." Tliu romanlic canipaigoa in AfglianisUn and 
tbe I'unjab havo fomilionscd ui with the manner iu wjiicli our cxpalri- 
ated countrymDn fight »nd clii^ for ihc benefit of their country : bat how 
the^ live for lliuir uwu beucfit — how they eat, and. drink, nnd slttcp, nnd 
dUKc, and make morr;, and kill time, ani] defy the climate, arc things 
whiob few of lu, unlou penonally intereited in the ma-tter, care very 
^UUgvntly to enquire. And still less do wn concern oursnlv^s nbnut the 
manner in whicli the internal twlniinijiLralion is carried ou in thai im- 
mense country, which I'rovidenee, for its own wise ends, has committed 
to thv ^vernnnoi; of the Enst biiiia Coinpnny. 

It is not our iateotion lu tay uiuvli here, save perhaps In the way of 
Lncidi>ntai ullunon, npon the latter cotnprchcnsive subject We have 
n few wurdc, hatvcvrr, to suy nbuiit Kodcty iii India. Even our tnititsry 
heroes are not always in n ntate of war. True, Ibey have had a srcat 
dt'ul of hard worlc on the bntlle-lield wilhtu the last few year?, and have 
found thrniKrlvoii in very »trniipe plsa-n — pliiCL's where llii.' lii-niicniici-ini^ 
society Arc not very well undcrstoud, and polite conTcntinnalilies are nt 
a discount. Tbe dungeons of Bokhura, the defiles of Afghanisiiiii, snd 
the " liibulous" rivers of the Punjab loe little of the nmenities of Bul- 
l^ravia and Mayfair. But at his presidency, at his hill soiiiitoniini, or 
even at onu of his Urge rantonmentt, the Indian officer is not altogelhvr 
a barbarouB chief; he cats and drinks like a Christian ; lie deligbla in 
silver plate, in porcelain, and cut gloss; he sporltt patent leallier hoots of 
Dndl^ni«blo cut and polish; and he lalkK small-talk to the ladies ns 
euphoniously at though he hud "never sel n ncjuadron in the field, or 
tbe iKrbioD of a battle known, moro than a spinMei." 

And then thoro are the civilians, gcncrnlly, not always men of peace 
/wiliiws the fate of Mnenughlni in Af^huiiistan, and Vans Agin'w in 
tDc.i'unJob, as narrated in the works of Kaye and lidwardes) oscitlai- 
ing between the black-coat and iho whilo-jackcl — the cligihles of Indinn 
society ; and. for tho moiil imrt, mm who, if not lied and boutid by 
fetters of indolence, might enine at any diuncr-table, or in any ball- 
room in the world. 

These are the gr«at " servicea" of the East India Company ; but 
over and above these arc lawyers and merchants— to bi' found only, in 
tBj eonaiderablo ntimlicr, at the l*retideneiei — and a few niiacellanics 
ID tbo ahape of clergymen, raissiouaiies, newspaper-edilors, civil en- 
gineers, lod lupcrintmdenu of public schools. I'he medical fraternity, 
•^no uaimpmlant elax in a country, where, in *pite of all modem appU* 
BucM »nd improved modes of living, cholera does its oiiick, and fav«r 
Ita slow work; and liv4Ts run to suppuration wiih friglilful rapidity — 
hclon;; to the great '- icrvieat," and are, for the most part, " followers 
of ihe cjunp.*' 

Now, olthouffh the daily goingt on of all ihcMi people under the 



" copper skin" of lodU may n«t be to lu natters of such gnm poliiintl 
impnrUuicp ai a CaulMil iniu»acrt> or a Sihli invjuion, we cannot hvlp 
thiiiking, nirvalhclcvs, tliat ifat-y atv tilings worlli writing abouL Nay, 
U this |ii-(«cnt timp, when llic i)bolo cguMtioii of Indian government ii 
■bout Rpc«dily to come bofom the country ; tmil not only arc both IIo«i»M 
of Parlumnil, but tbc iatelltgeoce of tlie people of I»ig:IsDd is sbeut 
to fit ia judicial iaqu»( upon the ronduct of the Company's services in 
ItiilU, tbn inorBl ant) intcllrctuitl aaptcl> of A>iglo>liidiaii Society nrc, in 
tbensclres, thiivt of grave coDcerniDcnl to us ulL If Aajtla-lodiaii 
Society b« naiiuy eoiuUluted of corrupt t'lmiu-nu, if ttx priiidpal con* 
ponmu be men xetliiih, i«n«uouH, aud sMIy — men of feeblo intctk-ct and 
atrong ptmbna, an iinvillin^ to culiitnlc the odc as (o curb tli<.- olht-r, 
what hop« Is lhon> for tho internal aitminislmtion of India? If its 
rvrenuo collectors an- rojfucs, aud its judgra arc fools ; alas I for tli« 
liAppineas of the cuuntry and the pro<pi-rJty of the people, f Uppily for 
India and for tho chflr»ct(>r of the British nation. " times an chanmd 
Mad w« are changed with tlicin" Hinc« (hone days, when Lord C1iv«uDdi.T> 
look Id sweep oat tbe Augsion stable of Indian iucumpetciicc and corrup- 
tion. It U tru4) that Ofcry now and lh«D we are stanled by itraBgo an- 
Dounc<^oDts and n>v«1atIons, which plunge us dcop in mcditaiiona not 
always of tbc moit pIcoaiDg and cuntolaUry character, Vic nrc told that 
Ihu or that Indian functionary has turacd hii official opportunilioa to 
prtrnlc uics, and bns amassed money («o will not my grown rich, for 
wealth of this kii>d addom frurtil1e«)by trading upon capiUil not Mi own, 
orbartertn([tliepttTona^of thuslnlc; orsuddenly.a Napier comes npoD 
us with thu astoundiog declaration thsi Uie officers of the rndinn army 
ore, for tfie most part, quid of doubtful probity, indolent Kpi'itdthrins. un- 
scrupulous gamblers, and altogplhcr ibmi not to be trust«d. Uut when nil 
thv*c gmve charf{;e) come to be iDTCstii^tcd, it is found that they are 
only »a far biise^ upon truth, that, an)id»t very ntMiive flocks, mdm 
black ihe«p aru to hv found. It is a pity that they an not all white. 
But where in Iho East, or in the West, i« official integrity to bo found 
tinbrokmi, official purity unsullied, by sonw instance* of public im- 
tnoralily ? Tho truth, wo believe. Is that, if in proportion to th« client 
of English society, bslaDoes of official immorality, civil or military, 
appear to he nmre frvqnent in our Indian dependent^ies than in ICugland, 
it i« oMiinly because greater prominc-ocv is given to tliem by the stric- 
tures of the Prei*. Many things fonn frequent topics of newspaper 
commrntarr in India, whteh in England are pused ov«r almost ud- 
notifL-d, If DO ensign goes through the insolvent court, or n lieutenant 
is connected (perfcapv unwittingly) with a fraudulent bill irauKieiiuD, 
such inatlers, as Mon as ihcy come before tbe legiiimaio iribund, are 
sure to afford snbject* of animsdveruon to tho Indian prc*s. Tho 
IndiaD jouniaU hare no parliamentary debates, or great public mecungs, 
or cabmet ebanges, to eoniBieat Dpoo ; and are driren, therefore, to find 
sabjccts for loading articlea amoog the social incideots, which (wo very 
ntcusive "aerviocs," Prom lime to tiioe, ntccMurily iivoWe. 

On ibe whole «c arc inclinod to think, that tlio average social and 
odlcial morality of Anglo-Indian rondeols in India, i* not below the 
oommoQ Btoudard of British morality in other parls of tbe world. If 
tbe offirars of the ludian army gel more rapidly into debt, and more 
slowly out of it, it ii mainlv because they have Ivss private property to 
apcad, and fewer wratlhv friends to extncatc tbem. Officers oa lioue 

T S 



tcTvior, get friglitrtillf into debt, and m&nya d^rading (Mipoture ia 
pre«CQte^ by the Liiiiel; inlerTentlon of a maiiiM] n-lative. NafJ 
voung nfficOTS fttrc n^t thi* only inrinl>crii a( ailo!i^ci-nt itonirtv in En^^ 
luud, prone to thai kiud uf activkjr wliidi U called " ouiruiii>iTifi[ l)i« 
constable." ConMaMes are outrun in tho vidnily of t;rave cotlo^M 
and KoU'inn hnlU. no Lcat; mlroitly than in the pjurc vivaciaiix nrigbboiir-] 
hood of tilt! burraclL-atju&re- Ttic only diQVr«nc« is. ibat iu ladis < 
the " oulrumiiiiKt' for nant of tbc irit«>rpa«itioii of some friend in need, 
wko will bring tW nitiDcr lo a slop, and cETi^ct a limtly comproinlao l>«- 
twu«D the tip-iutff and th« fucitivot often lasts ibrouiehout biu wbulu 
career. There are, jwrkaps, even grvaier tciiipintioiiti lo excess in 
India, thnn in Cnirlnnd. and young njcn. htrinf^ M-'paraU'd tnori: widely 
fruin ilii'ir frirnda, have not the same advaniatrei either of tini«)y 
counset or assistance. Riil, on iho whole, it lony Iw doubled whether 
thny get iuto inor<! nr-j'apiii thon ihrir bretUreii at home, though thoy 
hare not ecrlainly the s&mc facility of getting out of them. 

Knillifnt pictiirtf* oF Anglo-Indian «ncipiy ure not so coininou as to b« 
ntherwi^ie than welcome. Many iheri-of have been aueoiptpd; but th« 
lilieiieftao Intvn ecoroely Umiu rrcogtiis'ed by those most capable of de- 
ciding on their Bdeliiy. There has bei^n a vast deal loo much of exa^- 
grraiion and nii«coni|trphen8tun. Written soineilnies by men nlto liavvt 
K'eii. Iiaaiily and scantily, only the rurfacc of Anglo-Indian society, 
they have betrayed nn ctpeclal amount of ignorance and preftti million, in 
lh(t manner iu which, from individual iustauces, and ihutie ofti-ii of rare 
occunvunt, gcnvral coDclusiuns have been drawn, and the exception been 
mistaken for the rule. The mistake of the midshipman, who set duwu 
in his jouruul that tho inhabitants of Madeira all vrrar black gjimicniti, 
because he happened to visit a family who were in mourning, ia scarcrly 
more ludicroiiH than many which b«vr htrcn coroniilled by writers uu 
Anglo-hadian Society, in couneiioii will) tuch subjects os tho bt-er- 
drinking, ciirry-eiiting habits of our brethren, and other things of 
graver importiince. It is a comfort, therefore, lo find anythinit re- 
sonibling a "true and lively jiorirniture," of our L-xputriali'd fellDW- 
cotinLryindi. as in the handsumB volume now before us,* written by 
A g«ntlMnan who spent name yeiirg nt Uombuy, and has described, iu 
a pleueaiil grn|ihi« ninniier. " life " ut that pniidvncy. 

The social dilTerences lioiween life in Bombay, and life in Calcutta, 
or Madras, arc not so wide ns to call for any cautionary s pec ifl cation. 
In Cali^ullo. it i* true, society beiog laoTv exteoaivc and many-sided, is 
split into a greater number of sets, but there is a generic reseitjblance 
bei«ei-u them all. and the dislinciiixis are (hose, miherof tone and 
feeling than of social habil. The present writer, indrvd, bints at tho 
possibility nf his pictures of Itombay Life not being altogether true 
transcripts of »ocicty at the other presidencies. Speaking for example' 
of (he conversatiunal louc vf Bombay, he says : — 

" Alihoufih we do not pretend to say that the general tone of conveN 
ftatiuiial society in India, coiitd stand any eom]>eli[ioii with tha ■ full 
flow of talk,' which the literary rircle* of Lundon exhibit, yet we liartt 
no hesitftliuu in iinserupiilously stoting thai it is incotnpar&hly luperiori 
Iw what is usually mot with in the provincial coteries of Engliind.1 
Tills assertion is referable lo tho biHrort--nii,iilioncd fact, thai every 

* *> Ufa in Buisbsy and the NeigbtHHiriiig Uuutstioiis." Bro. IBAI. ] 



.MM M, ik « mtmtun, ma educated man Mote be kU ht« foot upon 
ihc nliorcs of Dombajr. We do not answer for l he other prcsidcnciM ; 
wo know notbing of them, ond It U highly probnblp that Calcutta alone 
may ulTvr a wider field for tlte iucuraiuii of |)CDiiileai iprculnlors oho, 
in tbo cnrroHin^ pursuit of riches, have neither time nor incliiiiitiun to 
railed; tb* daficienciM cnunL-d by early neglect ; and when at k-ogth 
ibe aoqiUsillon of wealth may enliile th»m to enter the precinct* of 
•ocicty, their uncultiTaied minds can shed do lustre u|K>n Uie fccnies 
which tbey frequvnt, but they do not adorn. Wo arc merely «uppoiiiti|[ 
the possibility of the case, at deducihle from the actual iusi^ificancc of 
Bomboy, when compart with Calculta. and the consequeot ilighicr 
induci^aent which it ofinrs as a sc-ltling point tu the needy and ignorant 

The coujeclure, however, though a not unreasotiable ouc, ia hardly 
borne out by the fact. Thrsr odrcnliinTii do not cxiitt in Calcutta, to 
•iich an ext«att a» to have auy effect upoo the jj;encnil lone of society. 
Ttie character of the conver»atiaii current aniang the upper clasws of 
the nuperior prc(>i(!eii[^v, Bimumlly in not inferior to that wHich mav l>a 
beard at the lutuor svltluotents: and «e entirely agree with the prc- 
SMit writer in hts estimate of its quality, as cotnparod with ordinary 
convcrulion at home. Take it for all in nil, th<! average intcUigvnce of 
Anitlo-liidiaD Society, la eijual to that of nnj in the world. To the 
Mlablishment of steam-coniniunicatiott with the uiuihvr country, our 
Anglo-Indian re»denl« owe it, ih^t they arc little more than a month 
behind Ibcir brethreu at home, ia their acquoiutancc with European 
politi«'S and literature; and from the very regular and coniiDuous 
mode of roceirin^ their intelligence by fortnij^htly iniitaltnent&, they ara 
probal>ly more nccuratcly infonnrd on alt its Itading points, than those 
who skim their newipap(-r« <'Tcry day. We have more than once heard 
retomed Indinni express their suipriso at finding thcmmlvefi so littlo 
behind thrir stay-at-home brothiTS and sisters, in their knuwlfdg;e of 
) the current literature of the day. Nay, indeed, ihey sometimes find 
1 UmDwIvea aboluiely iu advance of those who hnvi! biren siiiinj^ 
' tlrowsily by their own firesides, whilst the Indian exile has been oojoy- 
fait the new volumes of hi«tory anil biography, brought (o himself or 
to his book-club, by the Overland Mail. It is a> much un object of 
eager inquiry in Calcutta as in London, "when Mocaulny's next 
volaniM are lo appear ;" and there is more of a literary tone generally. 
In ordinary Hocial Ronversatton than is to bo found anywhere in I^ugland 
out of ackooMledged litvraiy circlat- We are ^Ind that the present 
writer has comnienled upon this. His remarks will go some way la 
remove a very erronoous impreasioo that is abroad, relating to ibe 
Ifeneral inlelUgencv of the English in the Katit. 

Of the aoMruiiin of soeisl life >a tiouibay, the writer give« us a leas 
certain acoonnL His general descriptions are sufficieuily favourable; 
but his illunlrative aiii>cdote« are lomelimei of a rather snlagonisLic 
character. ThL* niurning riuts. the srcning drives, the dinner-parties, 
the Government llou£c balls, ibv picpio to Elcphanta, Ibe periodical 
migrations to the rofrvsliiug nghxtt of Mabtibuleshwar, which nuke up 
'the sum of social life in Bombay, are here described in an easy and 
vivacious maimer, and, with the exception of a few apocryphal anecdotes, 
wiih every npjM'nrnnce of truth, tiinec the appeannes of Marta 
Grahsui'v wetl-kiwwu letters, «re do not renmnbcr opy pleasanler 


aecount of thu Bombay preiMcncj, than [« to be found in thne pagM^^ 
wliera sketches of European society alipniatc gratefuUf vtith rivid pic- 
liir» or Iiiitiim «c4-(H-ry, and 0(>citM(iiia1 oIi|{fat cfaapten Df illustrative 
Ia<i!an liistorj'. Tliure u ao excuBi> for the rtaiivF, if, when he hu 
perused this haadeomc voliUDC, be docs not know what ii rcuUy " Life 
in lioHihay." 

Of C4iiiree, in such a work, we have some glimpse* of the vtce-regal 
court ol Bombay. Wc do not icc llic tit:<N»iiiiy oj iiiitiuliaiiij; the name 
of ihc prcttent governor, which is known to all the world ; lea&t of ill 
in recording Bn «iiiinpl(>, so worthy of imitation, n> that set fartli in th« 
following pnssogr: 

" \^'ithin the iMt roar or two, aoother and for mora Bgraeable modv 
of rUiling has been eutablixhed aX Government Housi?. to *upi-r*ril« thu 
futiguing and of^ iiijurioii* ctuton of paying morning calls during 
Ihc hont of the d&y : and we only hope that thu tlolicnte considoration 
evinced by thp proeni nohin * Vicc-Qucvn ' of Bombay, may be sue- 
eeMl\tl)y imitated by tier sitcccjiiinr!!. Notices arc issued, that on 

apeciSMl ^vunitig Lady V vill hold a 'roceplion' Iwlwecn thohourt' 

of ten and twelve; and every one wishing to pay their reapecti, lia% 
the power of doing so, without dcirimeDt to dinner cogagemcnis at 
hiime or abroad; tind, ns llut viititing-cards ari< pmeotod, tud nanwt , 
duly viitored iu the aidu-du-cutDp'i bouk, all purpusea ar« answered, and 
a verv pleasant evening ensues in promenading the wclMighted rooms, 
lisieinng to the band, and, in short, enjoying lh« easy aUtndon of a 
ton tiertiurione." 

If this rule were more extensively followed, it would be better 
bolh fur the heiLlth and comfort of retidenis in India. It is, in fact, 
litlk' mure tlian a return to thu ulil itate of thingn, which existed at all 
the Indian rresldencies in iho times of lia^iiings and Corawallis. Tha 
Rullry morning visits (in India, really morning visits, for tkoy aro paid 
before ti^n) of the present day, were repreneuted by ibe cool evening | 
oalls. when ihe more welcome visitors were invited to pal down their 
hats and " stay to supper." 

GorarnmuRt House is naturally suggestivB of aufct^e-camp, on 
wbote meoiV /aire so much of the social success of the vice-regal reifpi 
oeceasaHly depends. Wc bnvc hvre n pleacant nni^cdolc of the kindly 
and chiralrou* geiiei-osily of a joiiug aidc-de-canjp, which is worthy 
of quotation; — " A pleasing instance once came under our immediate 
notice bI a hall giv^n on the oi:rn«ion of H>nit^ public rejoicing, when, 
eonsequenily, adn)i»iaa was atlurded to many, who would not otherwise 
be entitled (o an entrfe at Govemment House. Among this clati a 
rather ex traordinarv- looking woman made hi^r jippeartuice, whose ap- 
parent ago aud unwieldly figure, would certainly never induco a suspi- 
cioti that LlieT could belong to a votary of Terpsichore; and the good 
lady rcmninci) titling as thu band struck up the lint ^uudnUe. Kvery 
couple bad taken their placci when one of the aides-de-camp standing 
near ui was suddenly accosted by a brelher aide-dv-eainp, with — 

'• ' D .toy dear fellow, what the d— I ii to be done ? I'liat fat 

old womao uya she wants to dance, and there 's not a man in the lootn 
1 would ventiiTO to ask to show ufT with her.' 

"'I will dance with her myself,' was the immediate reply; and to 
less ibaa two minutes the dashing-looking young officer had made his 
bow, proHunied his arm, and led hii bulky, but elated partnor, within 


the circlv of the danco ; {Mrinff her thrmif^hont ludi rcopcctTuI atten- 
tion, M eBcctually to kctrp within dti« Ixjunds the merriment of his 
tittfriDf vifJ-eit. AlMurd as this incidont inoy sppear. it yet marks 
the innat«^ rdini7in«nt of tbe rml g<mtlcuian ; uiil it gavo us us much 
plesiuri! then to witneu, u it now giveti us to record." And it gives 
OS pleasure, too, to pernio »ucl> an incident. 

Chnrlc* Ijimb has somi-whcre obnurvwd, ihal he could haTe no fnith 
in the gallantry of llie male »ex, until ho could see a yauaji Tciii]>lnr 
banding hia taundroaa acraaa n puddle in the public atreeta. Wa think the 
nllaatry of tliji ^rating Bide-d»-auap would Mtisfy even the chivalnxtx 
deiires of the exacting Elia. We are quite sure that the hero of ibo 
•bxy would not hesitate to le«d a forlorn hop* and fling himaelf into a 
boll f -defended hmch. 

We wish that all tbe anecdotes in the book were pqually hononrnble 
lo humanity. Th«ro arc cnnny tnoru pi^uaat steriu*, Imt none which 
wo like JO mach. That al p|>< I Of — 112 is ven* amusing and very 
well told ; but it reminds us a little too forcibly of a soinewbtt similar 
•ci-iie in Gilhrrf Gurncy. 

We base before observed, that the author's stones — which are for 
tho most part very amusing — du not go far to tub&iantiit* the fitvoiir- 
ahte imprcsftiot) of Borahnjr aociety, nhicb his general deSL'riplions 
make upon iho reader's ramd. \Vc cannot, for example, think very 
favourably of tlic gentlcinan, who (p- 817) openly ridiculed ht« hoit for 
banding round iced>water (a delicious beverage iu hut weather) at bed- 
time i or tboHi who snored audibly, whilst wa officer of rank was 
making n complimentary afWr-dinner speech (p. S29) : and the fol- 
lowing, which oumc* A propoa of the Bombay rain*, appears to us still 
worse. It tccioa that the heavy downfalls in Western India arc lucbj 
that a giiitlpman, with invitations out for a dinner-party, can oafely 
eoJcuUlv, if the rain cumea down opportunely, on the non-arrival of anj 
of his icucsts. " Upon one occafiion," says the author of " Life in Bom- 
hiy," "wo remcmibcr arriving, under similar circumstance?, at a (fiend's 
buusei and de(c.-ctiu§r speedily, by the uncomfortable luukn uf the host 
ud hostess, that Boro«lbiDg was wrong. The rooms did not ujipcar to 
be as brilliantly lighted as uaual ; and it struck as that the lady's dress 
—though we do not pretend lo bu a fonnmttrur ia Buch matter*^was 
of a more simple description than is customair at a dioncr-purty, for 
wbieti ■ week's invitation had been issued. There wa«, nppareulty, 
nuoh eoofiision going on in tbe adjoining romn ; sounds like shining of 
fiiniiture and rattling of crockery were distiactly heard ; and when, 
after a long solemn sitting, dinner wna at length nnnoiincied, we dia- 
cova^Tcd with dianaav, that bejoud our own party, no other guests scented 
likely to luike tbeir apjxwancc. whilst the host's temper was too visibly 
discomposed to enable hino long to conceal the fact, that calculating 
witli cofinioty on tho state gf thv weather being such a* not eten a dog 
would uaneoeaaarily face^ lie bad given urdna two hours previously for 
tho arnUDgement of a dinner m /antUl*, with the mug onUcipation of a 
qulal evening, and the rnjoynteni of a new Uaarterly. Thia was 
pitasant 1 but df (ermiucd to make the beat uf n hid buaiiiess, wo set (o 
vork indefatigably lo render ouraelTea as agreeable a* poauble : praised 
evi-ry di*h upon table ; pronounced the wines superb, aad patted iha 
heads of a couple of odioua, ill-managed children, pnitestinr thay wtn 
ibo living tfoages of tbeir papa; and even smiled nith a kind of ghastly 


■ oc icn r tx ixdu. 

luluitjr, riwB oaa e( lb iMpa 'm»nu4 las dotr Jagwi into oar tnmf 
pUu^ d«c lTw g b« ««9 • pU^al sa & kittn.* bai k w«s all in v«m ; 
iha taoak Mill looked rart; and ibc hoMcss frigh—ui. w Uktc was 
DOthbg for it bat to ireaap tk* bobcbI dnar vm onr. fcrMtkiog * 
■ol wnn VD« iwvcr ag«a lo naMro tamk «■ a. ««t aigW to folfil an 
engiCenrat, oaloa. Uced. «c nn pretty vdl inniMliil with tha 
tanpcn of ov 6BUrtasMfi> 

llIadocanotkavwaTafyfcwMiraUaiaproaawB of iho aiiiiiTJiii of 
Beaib^aocinj ttpoa tbenadei't ated. u b ^c^tihar • Mttae. We 
•M sot mdkattUf ac^iounW villi llw ittagm af Waalen Jnaia to 
Dic ai ara ihe cxtaart of pbjMol mfomStiStj, m rtapao at Iraaiit fh»n 
ooapan ofBaabaj to anolbci', tnTa)*ri la one of tbeaa liuauftflfc ■ ■ 
bat tW aior« tamSc tke bapediokeat, the gntUe Uw boaoor that akoiild 
have been Uvitbad npoo tbo goat who overcame it and krpt hii ragag*- 
■m. irokai dioser tnThalJoaa an imatd, a* miliunr paradiMirden 
MBMdBaa at«i, wiili the condition of " weaib«r permhuofc" «ttachml to 
I bom, be imut be a bold niaa «bo could spoculaia upon ttic ocrtwuly of 
Uw alraeooe of all lii* gxwata on a raloj ercaiag, and an fxiirnwly ill- 
brad ooe who Moald act diacouiaoaaly towards a gu^st wko, more con- 
•ciMiiioua than fait ndgbboon, keapa liii eogagcatrat, io spilo of all 
mnpladoDJ to brrak it. 
I "nt jouraeT from Loadon to Bombay bow oceopia •oQM^wbal leas 
iban a montb. A raaa may aat bis dinner in LondoD od tbr ttth of 
M&rcb. and brMkfait in Donbay on tbe Stb of April. A trip to Bora- 
bay and back, iadrcd. la Little more tban a^racation ramble;" and, tf 
it wrro not for lb« cost of tbe experinwot, we doubt not that many 
would bo induced to undertake it in prefenatv to tti« ordinarT excor- 
sioo* to ibe Amo and the Rhiue. European traveller* in India are 
DOWHi-daya ronr oMm bc^iii^, for tbe tnoat part, foreign prinocs in dia- 
ffuiu. or young lords in search of an esciteineBt ; but the day is, p«r- 
baps, not very far distant, when men, wKo bow koow the Indian Pmi- 
dendes only by name, will judge for tbenttelm what life n in BtMnbay. 
And tbe more rapid tbe eooimunieatioB, the more easy the intereoiirae 
between tlie two couDtriea, the less appa/vni will be the line of srp«ra- 
tion beiwevQ the social b&biti of our countrymm iu India and in Graat 
Britain. Whoii the vovage to India occupied five or six months, aiid 
wbun a large number of iIiok who sailed from the white coasts of 
Old England, iiover made the homeward voyage, our eipatriatKl 
ooUDirymeii become morally, aw uell s« locAlly, uoUlcd from their 
brethriii at home, and fell into habits and cuatutiis at >itriarce with our 
tluropean noiioRS of propriety. But frequent and speedy eottiiDum- 
caiioo DOW keep* the ionte-/(ri'm0 oonsiSBtly alive within them. Few,. 
if any, think of ending iticir days in tbe East, without re*iMtia; their 
paternal lioniei ; they take their furloughs ; brush up their ide&e of 
European soeietv, hnbituniv themselves to the ton« of European ntoraU 
tty, Bud in no renpeci. savr. perhaps, in their more colarged and 
liberal views of kindaeiM snd ho^pitaliiy. differ greatly from their coni- 
peers, who have never wauitered fnriher ibao Brus«els or Pnris, if. 
indeed, the^ have ever crossed the Chaiiu<-1. Thv racv of naliohA is 
ealind. The returned Indian is now very soon absorbed into the 
gcnornl inns* nf humanity. He loses the cxeluAive alamp in a yoar or 
two, and uiv« at the Oricnial Club, or iu one of those oountry'towna or 
wat«rtog-placcs, where Aoglo-lndiaos are wont to coDgngate, do not 



li*a In rcmiuiaceoMv uf the put, anit viev their OriMiUilium on their 
awl-sl(«vc9. A fccutlcman, who had apcnl some ye&» ici Itiilta aiUchvil 
to nne of ihe gr^M f>(rvic«*, niiil wlio wu At hotnp murely on & brkf fur- 
lough, oiicB >ai<l to us, " For mj part, I iri' to kt-cp every doc ignorant 
thai 1 have ever been ia India at ail." This was in every resjieet a ini»« 
ukfi. AH tianiA ore cnnratiiilly low ond vutgnr — whotni^r a man pre- 
t«nd U> be what be is not, or not lo be what he in. But bevoud thN it 
WM a miitaltr to tuppoie that tbc fact of hi« haTin){ spent some jear* in 
one of the most intcrMting couotriea in the worid, would detract any- 
ihiog from his other claims to the social regard of bin ouuiilrvoim in 
genvral. If. over and xbove thv ordinary- European informa^on of nay 
intelligent Kngliih gealleman, he potsviiicd an accurate and exten* 
aive knowledge of the country nndiho people, and ih« knguagen of a 
large portion of thv Asiaiic world, he would (provided, alnays, that it 
wsf not of an obLmtive character) Id reality haic prrsenlvd tti<:roa»ed 
claima to the coiMideralion of English lociety, and these claiitin would 
havii b4>«d allowed. But tliere was evidently Itonling in bis miDd a trx- 
ditionarv idea of the Tulgar and ignorant oblruiivLiiiiis of the piir»«- 
p'oud Anglo-Indiao ia the davM of I'ootc nod .Mackenzie, and be wu 
afraid of sonte of the odour ut lbi« now explodi^d cunventionaliBm at- 
lacbiog to biin in the talons of Kuru|ii-. Aiiglu-IndiiiB* nri- no longer 
purtie-proud, for few, in theac dnyt, have pnrsca nhtrreof to be proud : 
lli« bununising iaStWDCM »f fcm-ile nooiety, from which, «sve that of 
the /enana, tltcy were fomierlv debarred, have n-Gned thi-ir ninnnura, 
■ud puriStd iheir hcartt ) and rapid communicUion wiib tbe mother 
country has brougtil the litentlure and scimice of Euivip^ almost lo their 
very door*. Tliry are no longer, therefore, a toLoord claai, cither on 
ihe score of arromaDce, immorality, or ignorance. The prejudice 
against them ia wearing ont. Tha same liberni and correct estimate of 
tho Company'* acrvicvs, evinced by lb« ttntiBb (lOrcnimeot in their 
•elntiim of Huch roon as Metcalfe, Anderson, Boaiiain, &c., for official 
employtiHTit in Crown colo[iii.if, whetn Her Maji'Sty's servants have 
bp«n tried and found wanting, thrown open the duurs of locicty rradily 
to own, «Ik> haie no other stit^a Atlaching to ibcoi, than thai of 
having borae th« burden and heat of the dny in t country whprc th«s« 
things ar<? «a«iething inorc llioi: nii.-laplicir- 

It «auid be nnjual to omit alS mealion of the fact that the volunif, 
whieh has mg'gmted th««<> rcmarl;]* en Anglo-Indian Society, forms a 
veey handaoine drawtng-rooni table book cleverly illustrated with 
akrichra, in tinted lithography, of ihe scmcry of Uombey and ihe 
•umundiiig country. 




I no believe that Dame Nntur« ofVii makes straugo errors with lb« 
n&tiviUes of us inorbth. Or vrby wan I not bom n sipay ? WiM, 
could she mejin by miLkinfl; ma the son of a Uwrer? 1 «JF the auquict 
btood and ihp roving intctlect — I of the wild ana adYciitnroua opirit — I 
nho n?Ter could livv six wevki in thei same liouw! wiiliout regnrding it 
u my pri«Do, or nix inoutb» in th« aamc country without fecUng like a 
gtUlsy-^lavp chained to a rock — I nho was horvA to ilcAtli by the vary 
name of etiqu^u*-, propriety or furmatity> wlio hated with inlcii»ilj vttxj- 
tiling conveulloual, Bu«ial, or domestic. I to he born the son of a nun 
who was th(! inconintinD, the living; type, the walking impcriDnificuitiotl 
of all that wait proper, formal, dnmcutic, nnd B[>cial, coiicenlnted idIo a 
stout gcnllciran, with a corparitlimi and a bald-head, a pair of gold 
■j>i:clac!li-9, and a silver aimS'-liux ! Ritulty it seems loo nbituTd to <Trcdit, 
and may he veritably termed what the oewnpapers lov« to chroaicio— 
•' a singular fronk of Natiiro." 

Yet so it wm. My venerated &ther was, indeed, a barriM<.T-at>law ; 
a rcspoctnble. leanied, and bard-norkin^ " junior," of forty years* aland- 
ing, whose knowledgo of leg'al technicalities nns more cxtcniivo than 
liis pvwera of eloquence, who shone iu drafls and opinione far more Iban 
in iid<lrt>»ses to juries, and was better understood by one old! niti jxriuM 
judge than by a dozen onlightenied jurymen : in cooooquence of which 
intt^lk-vtual peculiarities niy worthy parent never became a " Iciidcr," but 
mas cuDtent to draw good pleadings rather than make had speeches. H« 
had married, when he teas about fivc-and- forty, a spinster of two-niKt* 
thirty. My mother was of an eicelleul family — at least so tilu; informed 
the world, which didn't believe her. because all it knew on the aubJMt 
waw, that her fatlier died of a partiality to strong water*, after bavitig 
been some years previously ousted from his situation of tide-waiter for 
eoDHtant intosieatiou. 

My mother, however, wa* exceedingly sensitive in rcforraco to her 
pedigree, as most |ieople arc who huve >ery indiMinct notions as to 
whetiier ihey nally ever had a (grandfather. My father, oD the con- 
trary, who had uo wenkneit on ihia siibjecl, wai prrfectly well aware 
that fii« grandfather was a Newgate salesman, with a good businiMs, 
whose Bon had (urued geDtlcmon, spent the paternal saving^s, married a 
peatiileet girl, uud brought up hiii own ciiild to the bar to fog out life 
and soul for a livelihood, instead of Ictlina; him quietly walk into a ready- 
made profitable buHincss in the beef nnd mutton line. Doeply did my 
father lament his fate; though probably if the bench of the Outer 
Tunplc had been aware of the fact, (hey would never have called to the 
excliisivitm of the bar to low-minded an individual. 

My mother had a real knight amou^ bicr aucestora I He had hceii a 
mayor of some sen-port town, and had presented somo wonderful and 
original address of congratulation to hi> Majesty the third George, on 
the recovery of his Majeaty's intellect, for wliicli civility hii Majesty 
graciously cbtc him pt-rmissioa to write " Sir * before bis narao^ralher 
I Mvore addition to his luboiirt, tttmg that he bad considerable difliculty 

anr three FiAKcfiss. 


la writing bu nanie at all— tbat very «saoiitial in^HKnt of t-ducation 
bftviitj: b««i> Bometiov >tr«ngvly neglected ia liia cuv. Tb« ku^;lll 
nuirried bis cddIl, u knigfatt ana mnyon are very apt to do, and had a 
Urge family, to «ach of whMn h« I^Fl bb blcsiiog I baving rxpcndt^d iill 
bia nun wlid poweMioDi in Ihc maiiticnanco of his " dijpiiy" duriuK 
bis lifetime. But (forgfive u(, Duros I) 

'* Aknigtii't a ktiij{hi for «' Uutt," 

ind Sr Robert Button vba ever affcctioDatcly rometnbered and vene* 
rated by ime of hi* dAteendant*. lad«isl, to proud vm* my lady marnm 
of dragKiiig ■■> tb^ name of her litlod prog«nitor, ibal my fatbi.'r ww at 
Lut driven to thi< painful iiwcaiity of niakiug allutioo* (by vay of 
oounter-irntaLion) to Au jtraiidfalher, tbe Nvwgnte lalvxinan mforesaid, 
wheoever hia vifo got npon li»r favoiinte thenp. Thereupon sho ccoaed 
itntauUy, liomblrd and liurriiicd. I'aticy tlie btocd uf all the Btiltoni 
corrupted by tbe coutact of ibo ofTspiinf; of a bluc-smuicked vcudor of 
bnf nod mutton *' at per carcots, tinklnjif tbo olTal I " 

" Never siiiitl who your grand fat htir wan, my boy : try anil bii au 
kooest man, and make your own fortune, and your o«n uoine if you 
cau." — Pap* tojtahdr. 

* Wbalever you do, Algeraon, never forget your birth. Y«u aro 
not one of tbe common peopl«, and If you love me and value my pi^aca 
of mind, never DMociato with any but pursooi of birtb and diBtioclioo." 
— Mannui te^uUur. 

We oA*Q talk of tke doubts and difficulties men experience ia 
■tUnpting to tolTe toaoy of tbo cociftl problems hourly pri^sented to 
ibslr mindK ; but wbu ever lufficianily takex into euiiKidiTatiuo iho ivrri- 
bl« warping the youthful mind experiences from it» parciiU, uud tlus 
irrcCDVcrabie bias thrn givvn to it? In my own ca««, as my parents 
Diougbt diffurwiliy on almoit every lubjoct — nay, a* tliey were most 
diaBMitxically oppused in opinion and seniimeDt on every point, Impurtaut 
or trivial. I «aa, perhaps, kept like Mahomet's coffin, balanced ercoly 
betwMn lienvon and cBrtb. Such a probation onghi to have nindv mo a 
decided original, or tbe ao«t complete of sceptics ; but, havings a consti- 
tHJonal dislike to tbinUag at ail, and b«ing disposed to take cvery- 
tliing a« I found it, my gooi parcnta* opinions, di»scn»ioni, and mutiul 
namings and advice to myself, were utterly wnsted. 

Perhana I liad a little waning to my muUicr's iiottons of ihv import- 
anco ana riKfats of good birtb. I could not endure the notion that 
" Greasy Boos" tbe butobcr-bioy, wan my pqiml — iliouj^h 1 was but ono 
reniore frnni being bom a buiclivr-buy lu) titlf. "Dw idoa of " Doughy 
Bill,' the putty-faced baker's man, beinfr as good as myself, HUB de- 
cidedly revolting ; and if anybody had insinuated that I was no belter 
than "Lanky Tom," the greengrocer's lad, I *bould tkavu knocked 
dowQ tbe insolent iDdtriduol on uie spot Hut my arittocratio feelinfiB 
ou this pouit were of tbo passive and unobtrusive character ; so tbat, ol- 
lhouj{h I was fully vonvhicied of my own penonal supi^riority to tbe lhre« 
youtlia above mentioned, y«t Greasy Bob, Doughy bill, and Lanky Tom, 
weru frc(|uciitly my playmatos and cuafcdcrmeF, in byways vrlierc tbe 
keen glance of my aniioini mother jienetratx-d nut. ThMe associaClona 

ST« me n decidedly oownopolitan turn of mind, and led to not a few of 
s events of my after life. 

After ail, love li the great paaiiiofi. It is true tbat it sometimes foils 
to lay bold of a man at all, in lb* saaiv way tJiAt mnu occauonally got 



ihrongh lifff without tbcmeuln or thp bnopiDg-congh: but,» ■ p«n»r&l 
ruW, it ii a unWrrBal piiston, and, tmdoubtedlv, vihcn it (ftmt •eix« n 
man. it twalions up, Tor a time (ioogcr or sliorur, acTordinj; to his 
le«np<T>nt«nt) ino«t of his oth*-r pasnont nix) pur>uil». 

I doo'l nivj' ihe man olio kiu ncTtrr felt il» influence, tl)i>t}|rh bcarvn 
kntmi il hu pUyrd the Amirc nUli tDT»clf. lie cannot Iiktc b ime 
knottlrdgo of human nature, or even of hu onn charadrr, who hu 
n«viT bo4-n l>ca<l a*^ lir«la in lav^^nahljT, lidiculoiutv, nnrc«soDably, 
and romaitticalljr, in tore. 

1 don't iiH>an to tmcrt, boiHver, that on*** knoatedge of bnimn 
nnture b Is proportion to tb« aitackt mm hu «uffvred of & (cOc jwiiion, 
or niT 0*11 knowled^ would far iiirp««s that of ShalcRpmre htnutelf; for 
bnliKYD lh<- a^^c* of fifteen and thirty, I have Ix^n nocno Ittentv tiror* 
thtr victim of Cupid ; not of a merv momentary fancy, but of a poision 
di>cp. Btrong, and — I «u going to ny losliHff. but I am afraid ibe 
reader will think an aver)^t*' <>f six or eight montha for ihr dtiraiion oF 
each affnirt de neur no %rvaK proof of niy cooftancy. 1 will not dbcuja 
ibo jwint, though, ou my honour, the fickleii«u nai Dot be«n on my 
part : bat I will i^ve him thr«« 8pe(.-imvflB of my romantic attachments, 
and the tvmiinatioii* to which tlicy were brouj^ht by fal«. 

Al tKcDty, I found mytwlf in llw erajHre of Hraiil How or why 
I had gone there u of no cun>M)ueDc« to the readn-; but I lotil hii», in 
ihe outfvt that 1 Bin a rovtr by nature, and thouph I have Ixrt-n in the 
four quarlprB of llio globo, I am very far fmni entinfifd with the eitfrnt 
of my wondcTtngs, aiiice I h»»e neither hero Id ihr North Pole nor the 
Saitdwich hUtidf. In aac the reader is not much reru-d in the history 
of South America, J will junt romtiid him that Braiil ia an independ«i>t 
Mnpirr, originally bdotigiiig to, and eoloniicd bjr, Portugal. Now, I 
lielirve it hai been fiaid that ■ I'ortu^uese la a Spaniard without hit 
honour — and. in my opinion, ■ Bnuilion ia a PortugneM without aaj 
of thr few virtues of the latter. 

Let the adrocatea of the natural cqaalitv of mm and of races of men 
■sy what ihcy liko, I am convtBcni that tn«'re are •■ bad broed* " among 
U) human being* an much as among any of the lower animals. The 
worol hrt-vd in the world is the crosi with dark bUuid^iiipPciatly if llie 
uhite inj^redit-nt be a I'ortijgiUM;ct. I am. of course, Kpeaking of the 
morn) rflect, and nut the phy«i<:al ; for, in the Intlcr retpect there it a 
decidtnl imiirorement, and the Mulattoea of Draxil ar« far handsomer 
than their Portiigiic-w progi-nitors. 

Conid all Porlu^idl have niatthf ct you, Jair \!ar!n ita Iji^oe ? Could 
all Europe hare shown no sof^, ao hrillianl. so entrancing a pair of liquid, 
jel-b|jick eyn? Was vver «uch annthcr grAocful, queeu-ltke form «pen 
on varth ? — such ariiis-~iiu<ih ahciulders — such feet — «uch a waist — and 
sucb long flowing raien'*-wi(ig Ireasn? I wouSd have Mwoni " No," 
when firti I t>aw you in that Tt>randahfd window of that cufuiflile hhio 
tiilcnu, in the (lutakirta of Buhla; and, thougii lime aod change liave 
finer cooled my raptures, I still confess that 1 have wvor t-tvn your 
<<(]iial in merr beauty, drnpiic th« lingo of diirk blood m> vivihle xu your 
polished «kin, sud, above all, beneaih the delieately-foTmcd fin^r-naiU 
of your liny hands. 

I have no vtry accurato idna of how I Gral became inlimate with 

Mario. Truth to say, I wa* not long in gelling an the bfft of t«rma 

'•> a prviiy woman iu those days. My friend, Wilkinson, who had 

iu UahJa half Ilia life, first introduced me, whvn lie took mete 



bIiow dm the ^rdeoa of llic litilo eiSfraa where nbe tivetl. I Iri^d hard 

' draw hi 

tiitn uut " on ihc subject of hrr birth, parcoU^, and pr««viit 
paiitioa; but not oni- word or mrorinAiiDii ouiilrl I cttiaci fr&in him^ 
so 1 waa obti);i-(l lo be couteut «itli whal I cuuld iintni fiam the lip* of 
tbv li>n.-ly Maria hrrMlT. Tliir vtos decidedly a luniv hi»ior>-t t'ur tUc 
fns«iiiniin/ link uircI al<>a)s ahii'SdiTi'd at the nii-ntion of h«r «arly 
Aayti, sivil wo^^i when Hh« referred to lit-r jiafi^uia. iliuugh she eaid ihr-y 
wtTTL- Kiill alivv, 

Maria Uvt-d like a young priucMH. Twenty or ihiriy slaves com- 

fK>W her li«uwiii>l<L lli^r <lwi-11iii)C waa rcplntp with t^vrry tm|>iciil 
uxury — her dreu wiu always in tlo beat latie, and of t\w inii;>t i-xpcn- 
sive chara(]b>r. It cprlainly ptixiU'd me a. little lo «k h«r so Ml alone : 
but then ihe aaid nbv wus under ihi- miirPKiilaaet! of an old unctc, who 
watched ber with the jicrtinariiy of an Argua. I was warned uevt-r to 
cumo in contact with this old giuith-mati, nr Maria would ccriaitily ba 
Uwkrd up fra«D mjt aiftht for vvvr. I had alio to briht.- it ri.Ttaii) confidcu* 
tial old fsinale tlave.«tih a mouth like a hip|iopaiainui, and two rinnca, as 
lar^ u eurtain rin^». in hrr ^-jir*, tn lce<>p sitfiicp, and fiivonr our atolim 
liltorviowK. The old wrtwli griinu-d'Mi diabuticnlly wlu-ncviT bIiccIuIcImmI 
'my money that had 1 hern of ni.'rvoU3ttni|tcraiiiiei)t 1 mi^ht have thought 
bcr an ogrvKS ntxMil to drvoiir inf. 

Tlity wvre pIcasAut mouK-Hls — thuae of th« *w«el ereninga of a 
Braiilian summer, when Maria and I wnndcrrd forth lo|fcllier in t)ic 
ffanli'ii, aud MKnetitora through thr ndjac^'ot lanm. The ircmlc (.'vraini; 
braeae jubt raiiliog the h^j^es uf tall haiuhoo^, and the firi'-llio» glancing 
■boul like floBtiuf; stars. And picaaani were our ihoujchls— at leoat 
mini mtt—Af*\i\Xii iho viiions of lh« ^m unetr. And ivttx wsa (ho 
coDveree w« Iivid, though heaven only knows what we talkud about ; and 

rapturous were the k atay ! I really don't think I need tell all 

\ht**f ddoila : for my rt.-ad«tr, if a man, iloubtlo»» known what a moon- 
light walk with the lady of liia lore is, and how fe«bly word* can describe 
ita driiyhu ; and, if a lady, her imagination will wpply any dcGcinnciM 
of Imt exporipnce. 

" And yuu would really wt^d a poor Creolf, Frank ? " aaked Mai*ia 
one night ai she Ml on the turf at the foot of a cocoa-nut tree. iMv 
aixwer wo* not in miri/it ,- but a auflicicntly cxpre^iro onn ncverlheliND. 
"Yuu know that I am poor— tliut I aliail have uoiliitif^ of my own 
when I wvd Sjtaiuat the consent of my uncle, and nolhinff ou cartb 
would makf lilm conai-nt to my marriage ailh an Englishninii." 

*' Ah, tli^ai *» liocauM> we a|ioil hi« slnve trado, the old villain. I wbb 
1 hod liiiii by tltv Itiroal at thia very moment." 

" Frank— Frank — do you forget that lie la my uncin ?" 
" No, indeed, I with I could forget it ; bui why not iutrodnoe nwi 
Maria, and \vi mo trxplain — — " 

" Allow n>e lo intrixluce mgt^f, air,' said a man'a ToicCt interrupting 
tne \ and looking up I beheld a tall military -looking old gentlemaD with 
a yellow tkin and a whilv tnouaLtelie. 
Maria all rieki-d. 

" What Uie devil do TOfUDcacsir? Wboaroyou?" cried I in a rage. 
** I, air." replied the old gentleman, with llie uiniovicAluine^ " 1 am 
the prriou whom that yuuii^ l,uly ban had ihi- iiiipvrtinvnt>o to reprrH-Ot 
as biT uncle- t diaclaini the honour of any such relation "hip, sir. I sin 
■imply Gttnerul Frdr«) Dinx, tho Ciovernor ul' Ituhta, aud thai \iA\ wua 
■aj niialrvto uuld wow. J^Ier nantt: la MaJivuMiM:WG\W<^T\'n« V«<^«t 




She i* A Crcot« from Monlserr&t, tud h«r r«patation it» « »co»oi)'Rit« 
danioae toLorably w«Ui;Mabtisbcd in Pari*. 1 with you joy, yoimi; |fen> 
tloaui, of your JSaneh, aui] t liid you good evening." And biifori* I 
couli] r«covrr from my beMild(.iTiDpnt the old genlleniaii hnd ileuarti.-il. 

Maria was itill in byslcrics — nal or act«d. I truited till she rpco- 
VMVi), h&tidcd her into her house vitbout a word, rati homo to my hotol, 
aiid tieii nioming »ail«d in the " Lively Nancy," Ijverponl hng, A 1, 
205 tons buithcD) buuiid fur Rio Jauuiru, without even opening a i]e> 
linto little thive>comerod pink notp, inscribod inslilTcbsntctprs (Maria 
•M write a quvcr fi«t) which wm plnc*d in my haadt jusi before my de- 
pnrtiirr. I am norry I did oot keep il — such little nivfiicnlun ofa hnnit- 
oui passion are curl >U8 to refer lo yrara isttiv tlio dftiltutiim is puL 

Two years nf^nr thii little cwiit, in my lifv I was at Worthing in Su»- 
SBl. Itciulor. were you ever ihcrc ? If nol, take my advice, and let no 
perEuasion ever induce you to go thvr«, unltvii you are fond of the kin<I 
oFcxixtcncc tliBLoy*t«rs may be «u{^oae(lto enjoy. Twoorthr«<edoiikc'yt 
and two or tbrco hacknry coaches, ino or three plcasurC'boaLs ibai no 
on« orm tailu in, two or thrt-^ ihojM thit no nuo hut the nativn ever 
patroniics, two or three hotel*, with two or three lodgtrs each, two or 
thrci^ Itaih chairt, wilb two or thn-u invalids, and mo or tlirce miles of 
M.nd loo «wnm|]y to walk on. These, nilh mililcwed-lookioft hoosM. 
and iiu air of lethargic drow«io«a« pvrvnding nil and everrthing about 
the plarr, constitute llic attractions of Worlliiiig. 

After tho second <lay sponE in this delectable spat I fpit strongly dis- 
poM.-d lo mmmit suicide. " ^Vhj not le«v» the plocc ?" aiks the reader. 
Do not be too inuuiultvc, my fnend ; you mny think of a tliousand rea* 
BOBS why I couta not losva tb« place if you Miereiw your inventive 
AictiltiM, and you are at liberty to fix on any one of them you p1e«s0 u 
beinjc my individual one. 

The third day comes. Breakfast »u finished, and the digestive cigar 
lighted — the *■ Times " wan in niy hand, and my smoking cap on uy 
head. [ hud rung the bell twicn for that confounded senant in the 
bbck eap, and the dirtv gown, lo take away the cloth. J louk another 
pull al the boll — a quieK and a savogo one. 

" I beg your pardon, sir ; but tli« terrant is out," said il very pretty 
voice, and looking up a very different sort of person from the dirty icr- 
vant-girl met my eye*. Such a Ulllo anifel I Such a coquvtlish little 
fi^re — such laughing blue eyes, and such lively little corkscrew ring- 
lets that — 

" Cuiini u> giv* k«r node carMMS," 

or would have done so, but that she wore a French-cut dross, f^tstenlns 
closu round the throat ' — a very bucoaiing^ alyk*, by the way, though 
rather disappoinling wilhnl. I pulled the cigar from my mouth, and 
the cap from my head, laid down the Times, and got up from my t««t. 

" Pny, whom have I the pleasure of addressing r" said I, in rather a 
Sir Charles Grandition style, or, at all eviiiilf, with u much respect as 
I ooiild bare hIiowu to a duchesa. 

" i am the landlady's daughter, sir," was the modest reply. 

Grtcious powers I thought I. And my landlatly tnkcf in washing ! I 

The bMUty was gone — -nom my room, hut not from mv mind. All 

day long I sat thinking of lier, and wondering bow [ could oontnre lo 

another interview. 'Hk result of my deliberations was a deterini> 

t beg permission to sit with my landhidy and her ilatightcr that 

rory ev<«ing at lea. Whnt tliou^h ibc old woman •riu a laundmM, was 
not I & ooamopoliun P Did not ray fallier tcaub io« u despise birth ? 
And. in fact, could 1 not. liko itvcry otlicr mun, tind a. Ihouaaod exciii«s 
for duing what I wtishvd 7 A( all i<v«att 1 did it. 

"Mother* waa corUinlr a ocry vulgar old woman — ^jHtrtinarioiitilv 
vulgar. She would pHTxinl in talking on cvtry nuhjiTt I started witii 
her dnug^htiT, iu sjiiu! of the other's exprcise of all ber Inct to Lec-|i bvr 
quiet. Sarah Uudd (lucb «<u Ibc hcauiy* naniv) ffa» decidedly superior 
in intflligi'nw and education to Iier mother. Still, 1 eonfeM that *hp 
dropped hvr li'i — ihougli I ougbi In iiHd that, nilh an houestf greuttj 
to bcr credit, sbe made u|i fur the injuaiice done to tlinl important letter 
of iho alifhabot, by inicrtinir it in places where ortbograpliy ignores its 
oiiateDce. But what eared I for micb trifle* ? She was prclly, lively 
modort, good-tcRipercd, and intelliireut, and / waa^-nt Worthing! 
Anj ono'i canvenation waa a r«licl to tno, and especially Ihxt of a 
pretty girl- By degrer> I fell violently in love iritb 8areli Oudd. 

Of OOUTMS Mother Biidd wss delighted at the pro9[»ect of having a 
flentkokMi for a wn-in-law ; fur I absolalcly proposed mirriage, and 
fiud tho day for the vcdding^a claudestino one U waa to bc^ of course, 
u far (la my rclntivcs were concerned. 

I had a few tningt^s of disgust now aiid (hen, when Phil Itudd, who 
kept iho littlti bci^r-iihop hard by, and who was Sarah** uncle, used to 
call me " K«VTcy, ai U to be." Whnt a nui»aaec it is to a man that he 
can't marry a woman wilhont tying nil her relalinnt to hia liack at the 
nmv tinM!l Well— the wedding-day approached. We »ai in Mother 
Uudd'a bauk- parlour, admiring Kurah'a wedding>dres3, and diaciiising tlie 
varioiis arrangementa for to-morrow, including tho fly. with the wlitte 
bono with broken knor*, that was to lake us to church. 

Tben was a knock at the street door. Mother Budd w«nt and 
op«ne<l it. 

" Mr. Frank S[»lKhy ? Ye*, be do live here," I heard her ny. 

" All right, then," nud a gruff Toico; " come along, .lim." 

In another lecond, a hook-ao»ed enan, in a tait of rutty hlnek. with n 
thick stick and a white hat, entered (h« little back-parlour, followed by 
another man in a very similar costume. 

" Mr. Trank SpiUby, I arrent you. at the miil of Jonathan Diddlcr j 
hero'a tho warrant. Debt, 8W. S*. eJ. Costs, Ac." 

I ihan't toon forgrt the Koene that ensued. Fanny cried, and atamiM^, 
and aomtmed, Mother Budd objurgated, and pronouur^d me a " ow- 
dactons, low, nasty willnin-" I'lie hook-noied man made facetiou* 
nmarka, toOo voce, to hi* companion ; nbtle 1 put on my bat, and made 
ready to depart. 

I paaaed that night and tho next three days in Lewos Gaol. On tho 
fourtb day, my father relewed me, and look me to London, but only to 
abip DH>, Bcxt nioniin|[, on board a reaael bound for th« Cape of Uood 


We are now in Cape Town, in a wealthy Dntchmon's liouto. This 
ii Ike ^eat hall, BDd the family are astemblvd at lea. Tbe»e Cape 
Dutcbraon lotc tea as well a* any English wa»facrwoman, and a tcrrihto 
meal they make of tL There are beam uf lifi-ad .mil butii>r. di»lu-H full 
of hot meat, jnr* of prcserres, and baskets of fruit — metont, grnpea, 
and orange*. It is a \*Tfti and lol\y room lliat nc are sitting in, im- 
eatpetcd, and without ceiling but tlie boards below ns and obaxt: ua. 




and tbe «ro«*-bOBtm tre of dark vkmA. weti oiW And potitbnl. and 

cl«ftn as the old frouw'a cap ot utowy lioen. Tb« fir«-p1ace is worthy 
«f fctidil barans hal), and so arc tlio hugr brnta ito][s on which 
many a goodly log it bUzitif;, thouRih the veatber ia not vrry cold, 
but rather damp. Old Mynli««r Botha itts U one rad of the ubt«, 
and hi* worthy dame at the other. Between ibrm are any number of 
ehildrra, of all Miaoji, from tbe iturdy yomh of fon rand -twenty to th« 
tnlkalivp little child of *«ireti. About halfway down tho table b Mr, 
I'nnk S^iiUby. silting next to a prettv, diirk-b.iir«-d girl, and whtsperin^ 
very lane l)utch into bor ear. No matter — Dnuh U an cscvllrat 
lan^uacfl (if vou know ever bo little of it) to sw«i,r in, or to make lova 
ill : and, alai I I «aa sfrain the rictim of a »eriout aUaclmivnt. 

Kaije wM a dear tiitli; (iirl — pretty, simple, and Riodtratcly woll 
educated. Slie had but one little faihn^ — loo great ao admiration for a 
n>il coat. She ofien »rntinu-ii tally regretted that 1 waa not a aoldier: 
but I tited to took lutcndrr on such occaMon»,and ask her «« pUtntively 
whether the aitbed me to be shot in battle, ibat tbc Itttio aagd would 
ibrow ber arum round my neck and— 

" Captain Firelock !" cried a Mrvant entering tha room, and followed 
by an ollicc^r of infantry in bis confoundedly bccoiaiBg vcarlet iihell> 
jacket. Mfm. Captain !•' was slim and well-made; otherwise 

the said jacket would have been the very mv^ne of elegant. 

Mynheer rose to shake bsnd> with a gripe of the gallant captain's 
hand itiAt made bim hite his lip. The frouw did likuwiHe, and Kaijo 
blushed dreadfully. How exc^iMiively provoking. 

" Hov do, SpiUby ? " said the cuptain, with a nod. 

" How are you ? " was my reply — withing all thv while thai lie was 
laid up with the small-ptii or the LyphuH -fever. 

Hong the fellow, if he had u't coolly taken my place nrat to Kstjc, 
and waa already talking to her in a tone too low to b« overbejifd, whtto 
abe was blunhing deeper and deeper every moment. My blood boiled, 
and I have no doubt 1 looked like on ass, from the half • pity ing > balf- 
cuntetrptuouN ghmceii the captain threw on me now and thoo. 

At length I did what every very young man would probably have 
done in my place. I left the room and the house. I ought not to bavn 
abandoned the Held; but jn«t have snt coolly down nn Knlje's otbor 
aido, and addrc^acd her In Untch, of which the captain knew not a word. 
This would have annoyed him. and expoftd lib weak pniiits ; but 1 wiu 
loo voung and too angry to nianaffc those things well, and ao 1 wont 
homv, knockrd mv forehend about iu the most orthodox sl\te of broken- 
bMru>dn«»«, and went to bed where 1 kicked about all niglil as violcaily 
as if I bad supped on boiled pork and Soyer'f nccUr. 

Next morning a note woe brought mo. I opened it and read thui : — 

" Dkau Sfiuiir, 

" You mint have been aware that I liave long been ntiBchcd to 
MiM Ealja Botha ; and you muMi I think, have perceived tlini my love 
wan not uiirei^oiied hy lier, though »hc bad unfurtunately pledged her 
huud to you hastily and rashly. 

■* I must now call on you to release ber from this engaffciiiont wliit^h 
ran only bring unliappiockii to you both ; and of course i am ready to 
give juu every personal valisfaction in the matliT. 

" Your*, (kc. 

" J. ViauMx." 

"the 8EA.' 


Whicb meant that the captAin hnil robbed me of my Udy-love, and 
«ra* pt-rfrctly rv*Ay to (boot mu into tin- boT^nin. 

N»t ntoniing at sik o'clock wc mrt. wiili our fccondi), uu the Cap« 
FlaU," to the left of the vilbiic of RondcboKch, aboiit four BiilM from 
luwn ; and I hm) the tstisfsolioci of losiog the lip of m^ i^igbt fitr Iij 
tlw capuiu's Liitlet, 'whilu ibe ouly danin^r I did him in ntitrn was to 
spoil a V0ry bsd wid^anake bat, which ho voce on tho ocoaoion. 

AAi-r tbvM two clo«e xhnvrt the aeconda itit«rfcrcd. Dnili parii<.-s 
were dKlored to bare Wli&tiMl in the nioit " boDourablc" manner, auil 
K«/i tout. 

A MS moiilVa' hiinliaff oxpndition mUt ih* interior of Soutti Africa 
cured my licnn-nclu', tiit Icli iik- no more pruof tban boforv agaioit tbe 
blind god's urrowrs. Alt* I bow many bave hit me ainct: then. 

1 have one coo total ion, bonovor. Love tnav oocw*ioiia1ly U-ad lo 
diu|trf«abk rrtulla in |uuih : but a dove of Jl in old a^ is «ver followcid 
by ibp DM»1 abaurd and rtdictilutu of vfTecls. I am taking the disroM 


Lalini nMUtum. 

Jamqui cado Oeeanum, (tiuid enioi lam cannine dignum f) 

(Jui )>3lel iniTDcn*)* coo^piricndu? nqui«: 
(JUMii pcdibus ct'lemn. Dullu <xihil>cntv cateua, 

Nescto qius terras cirvumiiitM' jnval : 
Sitkra qui aune wunma p«ut. nunc (ecc«) quieocit. 

Ut tener in cuniai et Bine voce, pucr. 
Dolce mihi vada a]sA eitit fuicani vuriiin; 

Irv per Ktiuorcas quam mihi dutoe viasl 
Quocuoque aspicio, supra color unai cl mfr*, 

Casniitut : lata, quu veliur, onioe aila. 
Crcdcy prixvlb lioet lacliurita Ml^utia runpat. 

Not) {MU'iit aomnos ruinpere node nicoi. 
(juid mibi ctun irrra ? tumiiks ^go Tclhyoi andas, 

i<icut aits uidun), qu& sua m^ter, una. 
Nam mihi lunwuii, (t'ania nt) ih'u sntuta niiUik, 

i*ro cunid gremiuto subdidit unda >uuiu. 
Illj clamor «rat ounquam ante oudiiut in hoiA ; 

Lutit inoafueiia squnmra turba mudU ; 
Tollrrc *« mIku autti d«IpliiBei in annu ; 

LffitJlin volucKs sif Da d»dere nors. 
Vidi ly^uidrm, «iTuiti luslris bi* qniiiquf iwracua, 

Quot tarios OAfAitt pralla quanla rooril 
Nee vidi»M |Mg«t, (aoa doMini (cral) nrv unqiiiuD, 

Hell, tuelior. diii, mrs alima meu '. 
Sciitcvl wt qunndo, ccudvli arrtinta «a^ilttt, 

Mon wniet, magna* nw pelat inter aqua*. 

V«nta B«lgM«m. 

\\. HOILIS. 

* A IrienA ai m; allKiw, «(u> ku mini* nxiMn uit'iioMwfnl ailfairik to gn on* 
at tiii pull* ii>ui*>Puiick,"«BggiBtttWw« win the Ctt>#FllaM/ 




Ok the right banli of the Loire, (loee to one of th« station* of the imU 
road frnm Orleans to JJante*, whith triiii«ports the IniTcllcr tii a few 
hour* from iht: centre of eiviliwd franc* to the li«Art of Bnltany. and all 
its wild Iraijitioiia mid druidica) my«l«rie»< stands an ancient and tiin«- 
hoiioimd town — important in the liinlury both of Fmnce and Knglandi 
during a utrics of centuries, — a town beloved of Anne of Brittany and of 
Mary Stiian, th« scene of Btirrinf; and romantic adventures without 
number, all of which have jialeO iM'forc the intorpst it tiiui rxcited of late 
years at the iilnce of captivity uf a great dii«f, and, within a few vtmIh, 
U fiMTning a rich pari of that spoil which tho immense poMMiioni of the 
hoiHe of Orl«uw is likely to funii»li to the prewiit rukt of the Frcndi 

Toiirists on the Loire know tho charming town of Amboisc wry well ; 
and non« ever miwe't, in ilayn of yorp, viming it« Dm? caatlc, whoie bigh 
Liralls are b*lhed l>y tlie nolile river, Thi» plroKure has, howev*T, l«ng 
ccn denied tlium, for the captive wliose inufortuncs have excited so 
'much lympathy throughout Kiirnpe, and witoits " hoptt dcferitd" ii ttill 
dcetuied to " make iiis htart sick, ' the iti-futed Abd-Vl-Kader, with lii< 
foUowcre, arc ctill dctaiuod there, and likely «o to be, in »pilc of the " / 
mold if I r/M!il " nf hift guppott-d ttru|g>ling friend, the nephew of an- 
other great priBoiitr of day« gone by. 

Amboise, a few yean tincc, was a tmiling, lively liltle town, and tlie 
rfwilt was a pU'Uturv n-tiidtnco uf the lout kin;; ; th? j^rdLiiv wer* dtli- 
ooua, th<! little chupel of St. Hubert a gem, restored in all it* lustKi. and 
_ be glory of artiHta and amateurs All is now changed : a gloom baa 
'ftlteii on the urone. the floweni are fndi-d, the gatoi an closed, the pretty 
pavilions are iJtut-u» ; therv are guards histend of gurdeiien, and a dreary 
priton frownx over tJic refltcting watcra, which glide mournfully peat ita 

If you pniiw awhile on the bridge of Amboise, and look up to llic 
vindowR of the castle, you nmy, perhaps, lee one «r other of the captiTei 
.leAted sadly and mationlcKiiiy, or H may be slowly paoin([ along a high 
'gallery which runs from tower to tower, but It is ram at present that the 
dtspicitcd tn!)Bbitarl8 of those dismal chambers have «nergy to seek even 
such rcrreation an this, and the traveller may drive through AmboiM 
twenty tiiiiiee, mitbout having his curiosity to see Lord LondondctTy's 
jtrnt^tff gratified. 

The writer of these pAgea happen*^! to he in tho nvi};iibuurhood wlien 
Abd-'el-Ritder was transremid fmm PAu, the birthplace of Henri Quatrv, 
in the Pyrenees, to this once gay ChAtcsu on the Loiiv, and was amongiA 
thoee who witneMcd the arrival of th^ pariy. 

1'he evening was very chilly and nibty, and but few persons had been 
templed to linger late by the river lide ; the attention, howevi>T, of tlioM 
wlio had not yet " betaken tbem home," was attracted by a steam-boot 
fiill of («JiH■ngc^^ c{>ming from Painibeuf, which (topp«d beneath Uie 
i-Ktlls of the castle, und gave a signal apporenlty undi^ratood 1^ n guard 
of soldier*, whifli had been loitering Dn the shore. The arrival of the 
itcaincr was immediately cutumunicated to the governor of the cutic, 
and much unwonted tuovenieiit ensued. 






A rumoor of toincthing nimarksbic soon rpread throughout the tovn, 
and a concoune of people cama hiirriring oviv tli« bridgo, in opd«r to ba 
pKwnt at the cxpecled landing of priaonen of importance. There waa 
no attempt to rcpresa this niriouty, for no rvfcuc was evidently fttuvH i a 
double line of toldien was, howcv«r. fonncd. and in tilen^ and gloom a 
Md procenion was toon formed of no less thun «ig)itv-tvro individual!, 
men, iroinen, and diildrcn, all covered with Inigc montlea of white woo), 
of a Auhion uumh in tbii part of the world, linco the gpnat Sarorcn 
warrior AbdVnunim was driven bncit froni Toursine by Cliarles Martel ; 
the stranirera thus attired took their way from tlie wndy shore of the 
Loire to the pr«cipitouA »e<'nt of the dark towera before them. 

Theee captim w«re tl>e Arab chief Abd-'cl-Knd«r. hti moihrr, one of 
his brothere- in-law, hisundc. a piilriitrclj ofciirii^ty, whose long white boanl 
fell to his gifxilf, and four of his wives. Fuilowinfr ihem mne n imin of 
BtlMiilaiiis, alt prisoners, and alt sharing their master's sorrows and 

T)i<> hcnv^ gateway cloned upon the n«w ^esti, and tli<: inlinhilants 
of AmbuiHe, somewhat aw4.'girtick and impressed with pity, reluriiEd 
iDoumfuIly tn their respective domtcik-s, nu doubt thiuikiiig Heaven that 
they wer« dciii/ens of fr« and happy Franco, goncrovu, valiant, bonoui^ 
able and victorious! — alas, how long to rrmain *o I 

From that time a new amuscnieiit w«« provided for th« plcaiut«> 
loving natives of ihr pretty but ilreary old town, which still wcnr* tho 
<haTaot«rislics of the i<a«t in its aciiteilY pointed roofi, crowned xvitti 
quaint bclfrys, its arrhn Sfttiining th« (trvel*. lis antique chapel of 
St. Florrntin, its jialai* J« Jiu/ierr Unnnformed into a hanucic, and its 
little Cliiteau du Clot-Luwt, where, tmdition tavs, Leonanlu du Vinci, 
the great painter, pasted the last yean of his long tile, and where ha 

Many a summer evening wo* henceforth spent by the dlixens on the 
btidjte. their pastime being to gaze curiously up towards the walls and 
windows of the castle ; for, witnderirg nlang the ttnraces, which hung in 
mid air.miglit then be fnrquvnlly si-eii.likc a gliding spectre, the mujoitic 
form of nn Arab, wrapped in a white Sernmu, with solemn steps paeing 
to and fro, unohserram and indiff<Tciit to thr curionily which he excited. 

CoRipaMlon for tb<*e unfurtuimu ilrangera eii(:g«ated, ctcd smongsG 
Ummq in whose charge their ssfety was ploeed, alluviationa to their griefs. 
The Arab servant* of the chief were allowed to seek prorisMins (or their 
npaila in the town itself, aoconipanied merely by a soldier, who did not 
molwt them. All who applied for ]M-rmismn lo beliold AI>d'-cl-Ka<ler 
were admitted to the castle prectncts, and were introduced to bin pre- 
sence. At ftnl Ite probably fell amuaed at the novelty of this procved* 
inf, but at length be became aimoyed at the (H-ncveriiig eiirioaity which 
left him no Icituro for reflection*, however duleful. Hix ypirili, too, in 
the cMtrse of long months of hopt-lets onxiny, gam way, and he al 
liiR|lh Tefuu4 to be exhibited oa a mged lion, to make sport to the 

Not atDii« in the sarly stage of his captivity, but ever since he be» 
oame thHr iicicht>our, the ladsM of Amboiie, v^iih cnnlintious kimlness. 
showed their Venevolf^t ferling both to him and to the fi-tnol^-i of his 
suite and thHr children. Uelicaries fiom their kitchens, and little useful 
preaenls were iliovrerrd upo«i the poor at|>lives, who received ll»e attcii- 
tMos in the «iirit in which thfy were given. 

n a 



One iDstBitce of consid«Tation gtr« panicuUj gruilication to the Emir. 
Madame do Villcneuvc, the chdtrStiiiK of OuhtritM da Medicia' lov«ly 
caiUc of Cltunonccui, M well known (o tovrista, and M ftften d««critiea. 
sent Ab<]'-«1-Ka^rr a mnpnftnmx pUnt, a naliva of hi* own ralUy* of i 
the Atlat. It tt i«liit«il titat the. Emir nn remving it bunt into lean. 
He Sent Wk Uw esprewion of bti ^titude In the foltoirbg ch&imetcr< 
utiatlly pocticsJ words : — 

" Too poor W offer y«i in ivlam anything worthy of your atccptwic*, 
nol pa*>r«atng even & flower thoL I am call mine, ] will pray to Aliiiii 
that for th« lore of hi> Mrvoni he will one doj- bcctow FoiBdiw upon 

Sonic time uftcr liiia, the h«s}tb of the Emir having BulKwed from eon* 
finenient, he wsa allovrcd to lide on liortctock in the iicixhbourhood of 
Aniboise, and the fint eju^uraion which he mode wus lo the Cbalonu of 
Cheiionccnu, where liis pr«««nc«, no doubt, 

•' Alad* a IilU« holidajr." 

and hit Titit ho* nddMl anolher mMetnir to tho liot of thow illustrioiu 
and interesting p«r*onfle«i who have made the romantic rolrcnt of Oiww 
of Vuiuen end her rival fumous for iill lime. 

AW-cl-Kn-lcr iweil often to be »o<n at hi« drvotion* at the nung and. 
■ettiiig of tli« nun. He i* accustomed to prufttrate liiniiKlf in an aii^ of 
that very iron balcony from whence, iu the days of the Medici, the eon. 
f|)iratori of Amboith; wen? hung b> a public exnnipl^ to traitor*. Leaning 
ngiuiitl thv stone wall, he reinatiis abwrbed in hie oritom, and tdl* hit 
bcadR with tite fervour of a pritoiier and an exile. 

The numerous portrait* of him to be *cen in Pari*, pBrticularljr popular 
■incc Lord Londonderry's letter* have made hla tine, melancholy, nwicetic 
face familiar to the world, lie i« little more than finty-jivcand nat> 
cuimtcnancc which, but that Eulem counlenancea deceive, one would 
feel inclined not onlj lo admin^ but to triut. It is hard lo say whether 
lhi< French would do right to confide in it, but eertain it i» that he it tli« 
objcHil of de«p admiration. )li« large, maun>ful, gazelle eye*, hia calm, 
beautiful mouth, and his rich jet-black beard, bare gained many a henrt, 
both male and female ; but his iniftfortuDGB are too intfr<»ling. loo 
lomnntic, ti'u jiii]Nanl* to W lightly parted with, and tlie Pa>nch will 
probably keep the Hon lUll caged as an ot-ject on whicii to exercise their 
senai bill lies, unleaa indeed the di^sBessed ownert of AmboiM thauld 
tiikp hi* pliifi,'. 

HLinietJmes the Kmir vrouid appear on hia balcony atcompuiiicd by the 
ladi<;i of hii Buite. One of tliem ii said to be ghll y>>ung, an.) \r.ty 
hundnnmc ThiB i* tliu roport of a young Frenchman, whose patient 
curinaily was rewaided on a happy occaiion. when the veiled fair one 
withdrew the envious screen of her beauties one day, imagining that the 
was unob*ervod, that kHv might the better f;aio upon the tine river, and 
fed the wA brteie of nn evening in June upon her check. OccationallT 
tome of the children of the captive* mu^- \iv ifcd ploying round th«ir.J 
carontt, u* they ttand inotionh**, Wking froin Uieir high position. TheM 
little cnptives are of all ihadei, fruin nhile lo ebony hue. and are by no 
m<«ni BO silent or to still as their elders, lor they clamour and climb und 
Iwisi about upon Die jiarajtets in a manner i{tiite startling to those who 
lire watcliing them from below. 

8«ne time ago the Biabop of Algiers, paMing through Ambolte, 



Btoftped to f>ay a viiil to the Bmir; ho exhort«d him ta nmi^atiou, — 
alfti ! wluit the coul<l he prvoch ? — and rMcived th« tanw amwet ab the 
illu«tn»ui pntnner nlwnyi give* to those who sc«k to canjHilc him. 

■' I gaire mj-seir up on the eole comlitiDn that I should be conducted to 
Alexandna, in order (o go lo Mtoto, where I desired to liniih my d»yt. 
Tho proniito wwt gtrun mc : I mA for nothing' fiirlher, and t rd j on Uw 
juBtioe of Allah." 

The bishop aud pnyvn in ti» exquisite little chapel of t)»» cattle 
alrtadj raptiliooed, as lo beautifully rMlored by the un(brtanal« Louis 
Philippr, and which is in itscif the most pcrlbct specimen af art ever 
beheld, with its nurtile picturvt of St. Hiibt'rt't miracle, its elaborate 
door-wnvs and vivid glass punting riTalUng the antique. A prclty 
Itttte Kntimental scniec was p>t up, of nrhtch llie Arab captires were 
niad« the hcroM. ntimernus prayers l*iiig addrc^od to llo^vrn for their 
welfarv. both of l)i>dy fuiil u)ul. Prolably (ho pri«on«r« r«alty felt grate- 
ful lor the attention, even though i^eithiT the print nor the shrine had 
nlstion to their on-n bdicf. 
One of liie siiit^, Die ofUmest sean in Amboiso, was the butcW Bon- 
; fitlam. who officiated for his tribe and whose office was looked upon as a 
aokntn one. I-lo hnd a fine muscular fifiiiK. with an intolligvnl and 
hsndMme Giec, and was upwards of six feet high. VVhi-ii he immulutcil 
an animal he tn^^t be nid, u hoi been apocryphalljr reported of Shale- 
spoarc, to han 

" Done It in hji|^ ityle. snil made a t|>M>eh." 

About a y**t and a half ago poor Ikn-Sal«m wu found, it drowned 
corpse, in the Loire ; b« is su|^)ow^ to have peritlted wlale bathiiif;, htit 
the writer iccollects, st the time, to have heard it whispered that despair 
pliwl eaused him to eommit siticide. 

^\^v attachment of tlie Ambi to their chief it intense ; an instann of 
thiscxat«d immcnsie interett in Paris Honie lime since. A young man 
who had li«loug«d to A Inl-'cl-Kader, mas detained at Toulon, from 
whence be eacnped, but instead of endcVTuuring to rt^ia his onn country 
his sole desire was to behold his chief once more, and to die at his feet. 
He arrived at Amhoiic, no otic knew how, hating tniToricd Ftiitico to 
it* Mntre and therv, his ctuthes in tatters, hti feel lilet-'Iiii^, and faintiiig 
with hunger and &ligti«, he was overtaken, socured, and Ibrced back 
[again to his prisott at Toulon, without hairing gained the object of 
so intich energy and resolution. 

How cotild the most sevsrv gtunliaiis of the safety of France drive 
bock such a semnt from faii master t 

In tlM month of August, ItllO, a party of the Arabs roceivod permis- 

■ton to return to Africa. Afler extraordiiuiry itrugglat between their 

[-lave of country and of tlietv master, lorty meOi wmmd, and children. 

Iconsonted to profit by this clemency. Thsir parting was, however, a 

I of desolation, agonixiitg to witness. 

The tailroad was lo take bade these sons and daughters of the Desert 

tly oo their way, and a camoge filled with p«le emaciated womcni 

holding their children in the folds of their ample garmenti, bore tliein 

om too tfistle walls. The men puratied their journey on foot, n cart 

ntaining their wretched goods follow«d, and the pairiorch of the tribe 

companied them to the station, where h« took leave of them with 

sighs, tears, and •xhorlations, mixed with cmbniccs. At the last uiumMil 


a young woman, who wai probalily related to the patriarch, loat b«r 
precence of mind entirely, — her vol thrown back in despair, she cast 
benelf upon fail bosom, concealing her &ce in his renerable white beard 
and uttering cries that melted the hearts of the bystanders to hear. 

One feature of this parting was remarkable ; a young peasant woman 
of Amboise had been the wet-nurse of a little Arab child, and was now 
to take leaye of the helpless infant whom she had tended till, from a half 
dying plant, it had beconie strong and healthy, and full of life. For 
niOTe than a quarter of an hour the mother of the babe and its nurse 
remained in an agony of grief, mutually embracing and consoling each 
other, while the innocent object of their care wept for company. At 
length the poor sobbing French woman tore herself away, and the train 
moved off bearing away for ever her cheridied nurseling and its grateful 
but sorrowing parents. 

Many of the children in Abd-'el-Kader's suite died soon after their 
arrival, and the influence of the moist climate on all the attendants was 
felt severely by persons accustomed to go half clothed and with naked 
feet. The sisters of charity of Amboise and the medical men had many 
mournful scenes to go through, as the little Arab buria) ground, near 
the " Gate of Lions" of the castle, attests too clearly. 

The health of the Emir himself has, it is said, of late given way, cmd 
he has had to deplore the loss of several of his nearest friends. The ten- 
demeti and feeling shown to these conquered enemiet, proves, it must b^ 
confessed, that there is no want of kindliness in the hearts of at least 
the country people of France, whose impulses are generally for good, as 
we have every reason to acknowledge in the charitable promptitude and 
active benevolence shown to the unfortunate survivors of the Amazon, by 
the whole of the inhabitants of Brest from the highest to the lowest. 

At a moment when national animosities are so much encouraged ai 
the present, would it be out of place if the ladiet of Eni/land, by a 
general subscription, which might fall lightly on all, were to purchase 
some appropriate testimonial to be presented, as a token of gratitude to 
the ladiee ^ Brett, whose care and kindness saved the lives of two of our 



In am of Sceek's paxugM ia ihe " (juirdiui" h llie folluniDK |im- 
Hge:— ■* I observe the sole reason bIIckmI for ibe dcttnii-lioD of froga, 
i* because thcv itb like toad*. Yet sunUkt all tliv tuiBfuttuac* of UiMe 
tuf^ieiid«d cmiUires, il itt some lu|rpinfws ibat we have not vet takn 
a fiuicv (o <'it them ; for shoiiht wir couiiirymM) rrfioe upon tho Frpnch 
nt^ver «a liiilc, h in not ta lie couwivmI io wb»t uDti«ftrd-af tonndils 
owls, call, and fro^H inav be yet rrscrTcd/' 

TtuU frogs MnBlitiii'^ the chif^ dtot of FrcnchnMi wn», n few veara 
a>;o, as popular and Wlowd an article of belief auiotig British WA*. u 
that one Kn;;UshiBan mas rqaal to thrrw of the said fro^-coosuiiiers. 
Mor«t exiMidrd int«r«Miriti> h.u, however, «hown lu that fri>frs do not 
coBsiituie ib« «ititrv fuod of our Gullie ne^liUnirs, and tnnght thnm 
that ice do not all wear lap-boolt, nnit subtist solely on liecf-Meaks. 
At, howover, frogs i/o form a dainty ilii.h, I nill give what the Yaokees 
lunn a "few notions cunvumijog tbem and their filings." 

Ilappcninf; to be in Uvrtnanj in IK4ii, I was dcsiroun of gelling 
Mfne in«i^ht iutu tK<> niAniwra and euitotnt of iheic inhahilBDia of the 
ponds, atiil. afi«r much obBertaliun, orrieed nt the Munr conelanon 
concvmiiig tlwm as the tnaMcr of one of Her Maji'-My'ii ships did 
reapectiuf; tli« subjceta of (he Imum of Muscat- Ui-iuf; compi-llcd to 
rreord calrgoricslly a fwp^y 'o the inquirvt " What nrtt the munntrs and 
OMtarM of tlie inhabitant! ?" lie wrote, " Mannen they liaw none, and 
llieir cuatonM arc wvty bentlly." So nf ihtuc frog*, *ay I. 

Mj* hnoK'tedjre of ibeir vicioitr was bated upon auricolor cnnfi-nKiou. 
Ni|;lil aJWr nighl thv most infernal din of croaking' borR textincin^ to 
llie fact that ihc^ were unburdening thi-ir euiiaeimces, and 1 determinitd 
10 try if I cotild not unburden their bodies of their bstrneliiim souU 
■liogvihiT. Iluwuter, befura I drtail my prucfvdin^ I have a word lo 
mj with rcferuuee to ihcir croaking. 

Horaw" bears eaprewivc icntimony to the diegnsl ir Mt at it, when, 
after a heavy supper to help liiin oh hit way to Brundiuiuio, be ex* 

' '• BlftU ciill«s% MMHiiie palurtra* 

AvvrtuDi ■omiim." 

So loud ftad contiiiuouM is their aonff. especially in lli« bree<ting 
season, tliat in tbc fDmicr good old times of Pranct*, whi'n noblci irat 
nobles, and lived in their niagnifloent rliairiiui scauentl throughout the 
country, the penuints were employed duriug the whulv nisht in beat- 
ing the puuds wilbin earshot of the chatcaiit, vilh bou|;t>« of ir^t^, \a 
prevent the slutnbers of tlie lonis and ladies heini; brtdien by thnir 
paludine nrighbnurs. This oroaking is produced by the air being driven 
from (he luofis iuto the puffcd-oui uiriiy of thp mmuh, or Into cenaiii 
puttural ancculi, akich are developed very lar);ely in the males. I'bey 
can produoe this aniso under watfr an well a« on land. Ovid alkidcs to 
this faoi vlieo he Mys, 

" QiMinvit lint tub M)ua, asW nana nulodiotre i*nt™i, 
Vi-xi]u<H|uajiiiDrsiKaait, iniUtNipie CiilU idiiimiuiiI." 

In the male frog there are fiwnres at the enrners of the nonlli f<tr 
admitting the eatrrnal protnision of thi- rocal sacculi. These sacculi 



tbfry invftmbly protTiid« in thHr (tni^glc« to Mupe whrti hHd b; tli« 
hind li^< Uiidfr ili«»e cireumtilaDpes ih«}' are alao csfulile of uiicrinp 
a pecoliar shrill cr; of dislrcM, difTchng complcUlr from their ordinary 

Flatiag obtained a land net, 1 cautiously spproacbed the poadi which 
I knew inuit abound wUb tbi-iDt from the coaecrb niiclitiy held ibere, 
nd irilbout allowiDft the shadow to fall on the walcr, or niAkinj; iho 
•liglitMl noi«p ; TPt ih« innmciit I Rhftwed njvelf, erery tiidividual wlm 
happened (o be abovR water jiinipcd off bis perch, aod «<u out of siRbc 
in in ioitant. I tried ertry raeani to ntch iht^n, liol in vain. At 
Uit I borrowrd from somr bi>y> a loR); Itibp of wood, «iih a small tiule 
■mooihly and pqnally bored through the cniiir, which tlipy iiipd to 
^Dot •mall birds ubaiil the bcdftcs. A.mied wiUi snoii- arrows madv of 
»baq> tin naila, lipped with colton wool, [ onwonopd myMtlf in a Imali, 
and wattpd quietly for my prey. In a few moinrnia, tb« frog*, oiie by 
on«, bffiaii to pok« ibeir nosce oat of ibe vntt- r. [ wlcctr*! the Gnnrt, 
and by dint of a good shot, I succrr^lcd in fixinjf an errovi in his bead. 
In the caurk« of the afternoon I ba^(<d iwvent of the patriarcbi of tbe 
pond, eome of them a» large at tbo largest Enfrlish Uud. Upon being 
•truck with the arrow, ihcy nearly all prolrodcd ib«-ir sacculi from each 
side of (he mouth, in the manner above narraf^. 

These frogs are not ofieo used for ibe table in Gemany, bat m 
France ibcy ire cmitidrred n luxury, as any (■>»* citmnt orderioir a diali 
of thfm nt ihi! " 'I'rois Fri-re*" al I'arin may, by the long prtccv iprndily 
nscvrtaiu. Not niihinj; to try such on evpenMve (.■xperimcnl in ^astro- 
noinv, I ntot to the lar^e market in llic Fauboui); ijt. (jermain, and 
toqtiirt^d fur friiut. I nn* referred to a (tatvly-lookingdanie at a fish< 
stall, who [iroduced n box nearly full of them, huddling and crawling 
about) and occasionally croalting u ibou;;h aware of the fate to wliirJi 
tbey vere d^iiinoH. 'I'he price fined was two a penny, and harinif 
woored a difh to be prepared, lh« Tlame d« U Halle dtved hvr hand in 
imottg them, and having secured her virtini by Ibo hind \cs^ &he severed 
bim in twain with a sharp knife, the le([«, minus tkin, still ^Iru^linir. 
were pWed on n dish ; und thn head, with the fur<.-l(^s alBxed, reloini^ 
life and motion, and performed ^uch motions tliai the operBlion became 
painful to look at. I'he^ le^s were afterwanU cooked at tba Rntou- 
ratenr'a, bc-in^ f.rrvnl up fried ui bread rrumbs, a«larl(i are la England: 
nnd most ix<:i-!li-nt eating; ihey wrre, tnwtinR more like the delicMe flenh 
of the rabbit than anvthinj; cUe i can think of. 

I ofUirwardB trird a dish of t.ho common En|>lisb froff, but their dcah 
is not M white nor ho tender a« that of his French brotber. 

The old lish-wife of whom I bouf;ht these frogs, informed me that she 
had a ninn r^-giiUrly in her employ to caich theni. Ho went out every 
evening at dusk tu the ponds, in tbo neighbourhood of I'aris, with a 
lantern and a Iodr stick, to the end of which was attached a pice« of r«l 
cloth. The frogn were aUranted by the light lo the place where the 
fisherman unod. He then lightly dropped liii cloth on the surface of 
the water : the frogs imagining that some dainty morsel w.-u pkced 
before ibem, ei^erly anapped at it, ami thdr teeth becoming entangled, 
tbsjr became an easy prey, deitinod for tn>mcirro»'« market, and the 
tender mercies of the fiMhwoman. 

I sahvetjucntly bmughi over seireml doscn of these fVces alive to 
"iglanJ, wiiieof them arc still, I betiere, living in the Wards botanical 

caari of t1io»« l& whom I pivtcnied them, th« tMt wi^rv luraci) out tn 
a poiid. »hrr« ] fi-nr ihi>)r linvc been devoured by the gourmanil Engliith 
duck*, the rigbirul occupanls of the pond. 

Th* edible frog (i-.ina /•jeulenta') t» brouglit from tlie country, iii 
qnaniitiM of fmiu tliirly lo forty ihoutaiiil at k time, to Vienna, and 
Rold to great dealers, wlio hnrc conMTvntorina for llicm, whirli nro 
lanc« bole) four or five fcrt ditcp, iIuk: i<) tbo f;i'ound. |U<! niuulb covcretl 
uilh a bo»d, atid in sefere wcalher vrilh straw, [ri ibese conMr* 
valoricA, uvea daring a harti fro»t, the frog* never bccoino qttit« torpid, 
tbej ^1 tofTcthcr in bLsipi onv upon another iasUnctiT<?ly, and thereby 
pravont tba evapontioo of iheir huniidity. for no water it ever pia to 

tn ^'icnaa, tn I799i there *er« only three dealers, «%o supplied the 
tnarket with froKt Tf«dy afcinned and preparod for tbe cook. 

There iv another ipocicN of frog common on tho Contin<rnl, vrliicb U 
torocd to a uccful account a* a baromelcr. It is tbe raua ctr/wv-ty), of 
«hieli nany tpecimen* are lo be m«q in tbe Zoolaf;ical tiardeos. It 
luu th* property, like the cbamcUfon, of adapting iIn colour to iho 
Batntance on which it may be placed : it specially iubabita lree», and 
when amonK tbe folia^tc, i> of a. brilliant green : when on the frround, 
or (in ihv brnncbe* of trccv, the ooloar in brown. I'hoy am thuii uied 
aa pTogno»licatvr«. Two or threw are placed in a tall kIsbh jar, nitU 
ihrcc or four inches of water at tho lioitotn, suil a small ladil^r nich- 
ing to the lop of tlw jar, on the approacii of dry veathur llw frogs 
luount the ladder to lh« very top, but when rain may be expected, lliey 
not only tnake a peculiar siDnioir noiae. but descend into the valer. 
Small frog* are a trillii^ bait for piko and perch, and thi* moind* me 
of au incident which I saw. A fine perch was found flouting drad, on 
th« lop of the water in a potid, in one of ilie Kardeni at Oxford ; upon 
rsanimsiioBt it was found to bv vary thin, and apparently ttarved to 
deaih, aome derol«e of tlie geoilo an had beeti the unconKcioim cause 
of the sad fall of lhi» poor Bah, for a hook vaa found firmly tixi-d in 
hi> U|>per jnw, the ahock of which pmji-cted so far bi^vood hi* mokith, 
that bia efforta lo obtain food must have been uieleM, the hook always 
projecting fornardH, kept him at a tantnlixing dialaneo from the desired 
ntoTfcl. lliu llsK liAs bovii dried, and ii now preserred with the hoolt 
fixed in his mouth. 

But fi»hef. which, like perch, are previd<^ with sharp prickles, oc«a< 
aionally «»■« the de«lb of those cr«atun>4 that feed upon ibcnt. A 
kingdsniT was brought lo ma in tho ■ummcr of I [i4A, by a boy who 
had found it dead on the banks of Ihe river Cherwell, near Oxford, oo 
shot, or other maika of Injury were found on il, tho feathcm being 

Scrfectly amooth, dry, and unilaiocd, what then was ibe cauto <d' 
cath ? upon a careful eaatnination, I found ihit end of a somII fiib'i 
tail protruding fratn one of the corner* of its niouili, [ ciidciavoured to 
drag it out, but in Tain, it was linnly Hxcd. Hy diiseciioD, I found, 
that the fiah in quoliou wa* oue of ibr tribe of ainall fish which abound 
in shallow water, and are cnlled in Oaf'urd, the boll's head, or milter's 
thumlt. It ha* n strong prickle, nearly a quart«>r of as inch long, with 
very iliaip nod firm end, projecting on each side of it* gill*. The 
liiih had in its itmgglea, protnided its priehlca, wUek, sticking in his 
initiny'* o>»o|ilt«gus, had cffeciuaily slopped up the sntranctv pre«*iiig 
on the wild-pipe, and tfaui caused il* drnih. 



In th« year 1 465. the biffh and vr«ll-bon lord, Ijx von RoimitR). 
Wtitbut-in-Uw of (ieof](t* "<"• i'odiebrad. the reig^iBg Kin|; of Bohcmiit. 
M>t out on hii trsvL-1* ihrou^h tJie nr-nlern eountrin of Europe. Tlw 
otiji-ct of hU journey wai, doubtJeu, political t for )■!■ royal n'1att%Y liap- 
pene«l ol tlial (iine to bt on m^ bad term* uiih lh« Pope, hIio excom- 
iiiuiiiniU>d him fijur yean alVrwvdi. He mu accoinpaiiied by a tuil« 
wottliy of hit riuik ; and Imo of liia ooiDpuiiona wrote jountalu of thar 
pilgiiinage, whicli haTc rvccotly bccii ptintc<1 for the cdificalton of ino- 
deni timea, liy the Liunry SucKty of S'.iitt^nrt. Of Ih^-w Iwo rucardc, 
one i( lit Latin, written otiginally in Uolioitiian, by on« of lite mmpaiiv 
called Schaachek, or Saaisut. TItc ficctmd is in Qurman. wrillrn by 
Qubriel Tclzel, • giMd ci(ii«n af Nuremberg who had b«pii invitc<) tn 
accompany tlw muiKMi. They ara botli occupied willi dt-taiU of iIm 
jmimeji incidental nvticea »f tb« luaiuivre aiid cucbnna of tlie atiintrica 
Uiroiign which th« travelten peaied, pious ck-acriiitiona of niiraclM which 
liap[N.-ncd, for the ma«t put, just before the traTcllera reached th« ^^ae* 
whcfcat tiity were pvifornitd, and account* of thrincs and nlia, of which 
they tatv the aiost aftunishing quaiititiM in every country which Ui«y 
visited. Oil comparing llicm, th«y ar« Ibund to agrM> in every iin|>nrtunt 
particular, and tu dillVr diicfly in relating or omitting difTervnt inctdenti 
of the journey. One diatoctetiitip diffor^nce between the two dotrutnenta 
IS worth noting. WheMverthey describe a visit to a slirine onm a^sein- 
Ua^ of nrlics, the Uohcmian fjiri.'s o aiJTiiitc tatalofiue of iIkiw objects 
of superslitioiii veneration with the nvut solemn and unbesitutitij: mm- 
pl icily i but Gabriel Tetael, (oming from an impottanl commerriul cily, 
and harniK doubtlctei liad his eyes opened by a more exteiidtd jnter- 
eouiac M'tili the world, treats thein with coin|>aMiliro indiH<4vnce. Not 
tliat lie taal nny doubt upon llicir sncred character — not nt all j but he 
dwclb more lorinjjly on the knightly vniertuininents, the gM and jemls. 
and pri-ciovu stones, and eapeci&lly on the " un^>«akably ridi nwaU" 
with whidi they wmc fwtcd from place to place. 

The duijfei's of tiic journey wvre neither few nor mall. In those 
days it was worth while to travel. The pilgrim was cneoiiipaiied by 
muTveU on evvry side, and he could scaroelr pass from one village td 
another without bring compelled to fi^tfin-bis Iile. One cannot read 
the histOcT of ilerr von Bainiital aiid his gallant eonipftnv without envy- 
ing Uien) those ^od old tiroes, wlten the cxccsding dillicuUy of ddcniliiitf 
life made life worth hariit); ; when the delights of eompnnliig cen ann 
Injid had not yet bnm nniiibiluted by turnpikes rnil-roads, steam-boata, 
and (Mnfettablo iT>n« ; wbsn banditti flourished, and tlie age of chivalry 
had not gone; when i^cturcaque (odiiEti, and travelling cockneys, and 
fsfitiilioiiii liaiiiiics, aueli as now tlir^n^ every thorough fare in the world, 
Btill lay in tliuir iudiini.-nlary and nicidy pMsible stale, undeveloped by 
the forte of civilization; when a man who set uut on a journey of a tew 
hundred miles, made his will, commended his soul to God, and, if he 
returned in safety, sang pniJms of thanksgiving, was looked upon us a 
woiidor, remained ever aner the oiacle of his neiglibourhood, and was 
tnade at leait a burgomaster of liis native city. 

The journal of SsuMck pomwaw abnoat on official authenltcily, Inim 



tlic dreumvuuK* Uml in tl are preMrred all the l«tt«n vf safe-mndupt 
gmnt«d to tbe Boion Botmitat by the monartlii thiuuf^h nticw tvmto- 
ries be p«Med. To illiMtntv Div ftifTercnt stylei of the l»o dironiilent, 
wc take livin «acli tW down^ion of ih« coitini«n<.-eni«nt ofthe jouni«y. 
EcuMk ttiui beitinB : — 

" III tlic y«ar of Mir Sal*alion mccrlxv, the ilny nfi^r the fcitiviil of 
Uic blcHod virgin Si. Catherine, tbe Lord Leo <le(ait«<l, and rernained the 
fint night at fiUna (Filten) ; fttid tlitiro, with alJ hit conipnuluns, con- 
feawd Itts ain*. The next night ne pcutcd at Tvjilu (Tf|)cI}, in llie 
iDoiuulvry; tiwDce we proceeded to Egn (H^r), tind there ttopfied for 
tbe ni^lil. From Egor w« wont to Ncuflladt, th«ncc to Paiern-tith, — that 
town boton^ng to the temlory of t1i« Uartjuia of Brandenburgh, i* titu* 
atcd in Voiatland j — from Faierreuth to GraTmborg, from timvenbeijg to 
llbribereD(Nun!niberK)- At Nun>Tnb«rg we nmutDed two days, and aan 
thcac ■acred retics : lirat. ihanr \vu thown to ua the manger in vrhich 
the niviher of God placed the uifant Jc*iu ; then, an fm. of Saint Anna, 
and a booic of Sunt John the Baptist ; nUo, o }>iv<-fi of th» wood of th(> 
Holy CrOM oil wbidi Cbri«t wu cmcilitnl. and ibt^ rlghi-hitiid nail with 
which tiie sania was lutencd to tlic crosi. Aficru-ardB then; was Uiown 
to lu the Bword ofSaint Mnuritiua, and nnailipr Hwordi that of the holy 
BnpcMM Chatle»> which is Rud to iuive been given him by Ood froin 
besvent that ho misht iiw it B^aintt his eiicmirf, the htflthen ; iltm, hi« 
■pun, greavei and boots. We uw afterwards tlic ebairt of Soint )Vt<:r 
and Saint Paul, who suAcred fur tlie iiatne of God. Then we W)ield the 
tftat wiUi which the bkMcd aide of Christ was (lirrced. 1'hc priefrta 
pta^od OUT nag* upon it, that whoever inighl bo troubled with a pain 0¥ 
■tilch in the ude micht hare with liijti a certain remedy. BeKidcii thi*, 
many other rclica of tho saints were ahovrii to our lord and hii com- 
p«aioDfl, wbicli arc not noted down in this plac^-" 

So faf the good Saaodc. TctuI begin* n« fnllow* :— 

" The nobte and weU^bom lord, the Lord Iieo von Rozmita), lard of 

Flathen anJ Freyenbefg, undortook to do n knight'a ji>unity 

Before Saint Cattietinc^S day be fiued forili from P(nf>ue with two-and- 
fiftybCtfK*, and with A strniptcf-wagon. And he took with him of the 
nablemon, Ilcrr .Iiui Scrobitz Kidlatbtatt, a bannmi ; Hcrr Ituynn von 
Schwai>l>urck (Burian of Schwanberg), a banneret; Arhacy (Achuiz) 
Vrodner. a gentlenun; f^lteteaky, a ((eiillenian ; Mirmyai, a {[entle- 
mwi ; Polluclc, a gentleman; Knyito, a gcntlamsn ; Inderayg, a i^ntlc- 
man ; and three iquiiet, among whom was a banneret's wn ; bctidvf 
other cbuwn vamala. And he came to Greif&nbetg on Saint Barbam's 
ove, und prayed n«e to ride with him to Nuromberg. 

" And so, on tlie way, he apake to me of liia journey ; tint he would 
Tuit all the Chrixtian kincdoms, and all the principalilies in Gennan and 
foTMgn land*, both ■plnluol iiii<l icctilnr, and miperijilly that he would go 
to the Holy Sepidchre, and to the l»laved ijaint Janui (of CumpoMcIln). 
"item. At Nunoibrrg, he entreated mu much, Ihrouj;)) my friends, 
to go with him ; und so I oonsentcd. Ilv t^m> mniuned acvrnvl ilaya in 
pxj bouse, and got hinudf ready, and clad hiuuelf and all hia Kmtnia 
in rod. in fine, cortly velvet ; he also look with him liit cook, steward, 
and butler, and in all riMjieet« kept a pin)e(>ly iitatc. 

" After tlial, 1 entreated my lord that he would penuil Oabricl 
MufTcl to accompany him with a horw, and nia with two. 

" And *o, he departed one day bvfurc nie to Nuremberg, and thence 
pniceeded to Anepadi. Tlieie tiabriel MulTel and 1 cbim to him," 


TOUHR wrrn old traveli-rrs. 

The party procwd^d on their jotinwy. thmui^ Hc(delber|[ and the 
iin|wrinl city of Frunltlbrt, to Colo|iiiu. At Cologoe, t»yt Trtzi'l, — 

" They (umiehcd my lord vrjtii wine in retnls. The fiifiiii>p of 
Coloi^e made my loni tiU ^'upst, him and all his rrtinue, RBve him a vcty 
Rplrndid lianquet, and bcHnvctl vvry gmdounly toward* him. My lord n- 
niained thrre Rcvoral daya. — Hen Jan ScvDbky Kolbert jotislnl wrh 
Achsis Frodn«r. ftnd Giibrid Tet2<-I with Die bishop's steward, nam««i 
Burkliurt von Plolhi-im. The Lithop wiu ulio on the courne. — At night, 
my lord invited many bcituliful woi-non. ond had o dance at the oounci)* 
houw. — We «aw tbe throe holy king«, Sulm Uruila't head, with her 
campanion*', and tli«ir bonet, and many aihct grrut Hunla, who then iw 
buried, whcrcor it wen.- mucii t9 ntitc. and vtry many shrinea, uid 
taints who h&d suflVrvd mnrtyrdoni ihrrr. 

" /icm. Protn Cologne we rode to Aclien {Aix-WChapelle). to viiit 
the ihrine of our Ulcsiod Lady. There the buishen of the city did my 
lord gt^nt honour ond r«r«r«oc«, and mnl liiin vine, and invited my lord 
to their couiiciUhoiiBe, and showed him niwiy precious thingi. AUo, 
they Rove him a Tcry costly collation which they hod prepared for him. 
My Urd bathed alio in the warm bath, and tli«y let him we many 
costly sacri'd veMcU," 

ftfany of llictu tl-kikIi Gubriel pr»cccds to enumerate, aa ae^psnte 
items, in the mom mnttcr-or-fiut fiuiiion. It is worth n'hih to aee how 
the piouB SniMek dwcrilw* the visit to the same city. He IoUb ut ;— 

" Ilc-TC the three kini^s are biiriH, ami Saint Unula. with her com- 
panions, the virgins ; and Saint Hnlirna, who discoiitired the holy ctom, 
and csuK-d the if:pulclire to l>e n.'b«iilt at Jentsniem; she aim is entombdd 
in Ih« t«ntple whcrf the three kings be buried. VVe were eight d«yi at 
Cologne. On thn iircoii,i day. thcr,' wore shown to ii« thn three Icin^ in 
the cathedral church, the body of Saint \''erutiica, and vtty many Dtbor 
relics. On the third day, we tvem led to the teiiipl«, where the bictwd 
nrgin Saint Utsidu it buned, with eUvi-n thoiisnnd virginit. The prie^t^ 
by whom theM relic* w«ro shown lo im, atbrmeU, ibal, with thoM; ckrcii 
thousand vir^ina, thirty-siK Ihousand others were slain. Afierwordi, we 
worv conducted to a c1iup<^l, where nn^le relics were enumerated, uefa by 
its own name. Fint, was shown to ut Saint Ursula; then, a khag of 
Rnf(tand. to wliom Saint ITnuIa had been betrothed; the father and 
molh«r of thu suine king, wtioiii Suint UkuIii hiul converted to the 
Chnittttii ruli^on ; aneiward<, an Ethiopian woman, the daugbtcr of a 
certain heathen kinj;; and VL>ry many other head«, haini, le^, and anna, 
all of which it would be a great labour to L'nufnu«nte onv by one^ 

" On the fourth day, my lor^l'a u-rvanta jousted, Johannes Zehrovientia 
(Johann von Kolotvrat auf Zebrowitx) with Fnidiier, and TaMliui n 
CmlTcnburg (which ii the I^liii fur out friend Tulzcl) with one belonging 
to the retinue of the nisliop of Colore. In the collision neither of 
theia fell from his horse. On t)i« day when these spectflclcs were ex* 
hiUted, my lord gave orderN to uxsemUo the illustrious matrons and 
maidens. They came together in (treat numbers, and I saw many 
in that banquet, if I ever did Anywhere. The featt was celebrated 
with various sports and dances. In the meun time, the matrona and 
the maids go to my lord, and humbly pray him, in the name of the 
biatiop, thai nty lord, for the sake of the bishop, would lead down 
a danoc with his companions, aiii-r the manner of his country. My 
lord conimtinf!, and beginning to lead the dance, four^nd* twenty yotmf; 
men, each in cuinpltle onnour, ai>d hohiinfi torches in their luuida. 



daficed befora hitn. TbcH nrmvd dancen were preceded by four-imd- 
twenty othcn. «aeli kIm 1w*rin|i a torch in hi* linndn. The duiieei 
Wing finuli«d, nuiou* oflciinn t>r food and drink were Imiuglit to my 
lord. Then my lard, nitb his companion*, wui honoumbjy conducted, 
by the nttidt ond mstruni, even lo his inn." 

Thus, even ibe •iin[>W>h«art(:d Dohomiaii could not rrt'uii the l«Dipta- 
tion to chronklc the tncrry-tiiakingit at Colugnc, nlW he hod ntiificd hia 
eonKience by diacfibing the tgIici of the saints ; while ttx! more earRsl< 
mtiidod Oabiiel Tetie«l, having. Recording to hii nature, Rnt nvclled ia 
the recoltection of iIm jouiting luid goitd vhtxi, wu evidently ■ liltio 
pricked in ootucictKs until be had set do<vn in hia cominereial, kuiii> 
tnary «ky, the awDlly items of the account. 

It itQuld be pletiunt to ncmniiaiiy our tntwllera tlirougli vrtry step of 
their pr^reM, for the whole jotmiey abounds in quaint and nhimsial in* 
eidenU, highly rlmrseterutic of the nge ; but we inuxt bulrn fcirword od 
the road to lirusscU. when they found Ui« T)uke of Burgundy. Ther« 
lh<!y uw excellent picturci. uceodcd the tower, and had a noble view of 
Ibe city, end wcrv moat honoiimUy cntrrtainrd. Tlw ran of ihe old 
duki- wu nbwiit on u niililary ex)<t'dUioii ; ond uiir Imvcllcrs were 
entreated to rctiiain until hia return. The amval of the young phnee 
was celebratMl with oquottrioo luiil other chivalrous giimaa, in which 
JohoniMs ZcliTOvii-niii* took pan with bin iiaual aucceu. Johiuiiws leenw 
to have h««n tli« sturdieat champion of all th« company: whenever tJien 
wMimv jouiting, tittiaf{,wraitling, or renl ligKliiig to be done, Johannes waa 
sure to have a band in ihc bitunest, and generally was more than » match 
tor any aulagotiisi that uiiitlit b« piltod agaiiiat liim. On this occojtion, 
bo w»a put up to wiMtlo with a bmwny fellow, whow eiguot was not to 
be found id all lb* Ihike of llnr^riindy t doniiiiionii. A gte&t concoune 
of the nwat illuttrious pcrioii*, inciudina ntatronii and damicU, was 
drawn togeUwr to witnna llic tpcctaclc. Johannes made littlt: udv, and 
Ibrice tlirew hit adwrsary at fiutt s» lie could g«t up. The spectators 
eould scarcely WlicTc their eyes; and tlie duke was to luloriKlird, that 
he sciit for Johannes, clad with the Iborus only, just as he liad vrretlled, 
aad>Mnitin)ttd his wliole bwly, tvcHng all his limbs, his feet, and bia 
bands, and wondering greatly tluil his wivstler wn* bcatm. 

TbiH wen followed up by other sports end festivities. Of one of 
thefeoati giren by tlie Duke of Burgumly, Tetvel Mys, — " It nut tha 
niosl costly and splendid tlist 1 bare ever cnti-ii in nil luy days." But it 
wUlDot do thus to Un^QQ the way. They poucd through (ihcnt and 
Bnigca, and at l«rigih arrived at Oalait, on ibdr wuy to Engluni). 
Tbence they put to aea, liut were driTen back and detained three daya 
by a viokiit aiomi. Tctxcl says,— "One day God gave us the luck, 
that w« tiad a ffood wind, and that the master of the ship was willinft 
to proceed, and tiod already (ftken the ship out of jiurt. Then my lord 
must tin'ds sit in u smutl bout, and go out to the iuf/a vessel. Then 
there Ml upon uk the niightii-tt wind, that wo were well-ni^ drowned, 
awl will) great pains we gut to (ho ^al ship. And had lot Jan ai>d 
Galiricd Telzcl dooe as tbey did, then would the Lord Lro, when he 
mMild go «n Ifoord the gicot ship, have been drowned." However, they 
prgoeeded to crvsa the channol, and aaw from a dbitancc tbe '' highj 
ebalky lidls" of Enjiland. " And thv nea uftltcled my lord and liis mm* 
Muiont to iniicli, that th«>y by in llie ship us if they wore dead." Th<>y 
landed al Saiidwkb, and juunieytd on to Canleibucy.'wbmw vW-j Vvur 


l«ocd to pay their re«pecta aX the shrine of St. Thamaa & B«cket. "who," 
according to Ssuack, " wa« >]ain in that church, beouise he firnily rr>- 
tiMod the unjtBt iawa which Kins Heniy eniict«l agiuful the librrty of 
the Catholic church," The Ibllowinf; are only a part of the relics which 
tliry WW in that oiiw famous nnctuary :— 

" Fint, W6 law the hend-band of the blened VirRin, a piece of 
Chriat's gann«nt, and thiw tlioms fmm hi* crovm ; th*n we ww iho 
Tcstitirnt of St.. Thoniss, and hiH hmin, and the hlood of St. Thoinas 
and of St. John, the Apoatles. We saw also, the iword with which St. 
Thoniaa of Cniiterbuty waa bofacsdcd ; the hair of the mother of God, 
and u pait nf the Rcpulclire. There was also iJioHrn to tis a pan of the 
tlioulder of the Ueesed Simeon, who bore Chrial in hit arma ; the iKOid 
of the Wwnfd LiialrBhenn ,- one leg of St. Gcorjti; ; n piece of the body 
and iIr- linjifs of St. Lawrence ; a le^ of the Usho|i St. itomnntii ; the 
cup of St. Thomaa, which Iw had been aceuntoined to tite in adininiater- 
inj; th# gncrncnpnt nt Coiitnrhury ; a leg of the vir^n Iklilda ; n Irf; of 
llie vir(;in Kiiduartla. We aim taw a tooth c»f John the Bnpti*t ; a 
portion of the croM of the Apoetlet Peter and Andreir; a tooth and a 
fiiifjer of Step]) en the Murtyr; bonea of the Tir]gin Calhrrine, nnd oil 
(nm her scpnlchre, which ii said to flaw even to this day : hair of the 
liliMii Mary Uaj^alcne ; a loolh of St. Benedict ; a Snger of St. 
Uilaa ; the lipa of one of tbc inlunts aloin by Herod ; l)on<>* of the 
UeMid ClenMnt: boneaof Sl Vincent. Very many other thing* were 
also shown to us, which are not set <k»wn by hm in Ihit plnoe." 

Thb Contcrbur}' [nlgriiragc occnnvd Mxty-lirv yvan al^cr the death 
ofChauc«r. Having tntisficd llieir pioua eurioaity. otir wny&reni pro. 
ceeded to London. Saurai-ic says, " Though the kingdom i* of sniat) 
cxU^t, it ia exceedingly populoui, and abounds in beBatiful women 
and maidft, wlioin we gnzed upon when my lord wa> invited by the king 
III dinner." The hinti of manners, and tketches of national peouliaritiea 
which our tmvvllcn give in the portions of their journal occupied witk 
I'JTi^Innd, are quite euriotu and entertaining. It wan in the rtiign of lii* 
alioii'y and pleanure-loTiiij; mnnnrch, Edward the Fourth, and his lecond 
wife, ihc Itidy I^li^inbcth Woodvillc, that this visit waa mado. The first 
objects dcfifribed hy the Bnhcminn jtmrniiliiieT are, of course, the rcliee ; 
but bu fuiinil to many of theni in London, that he fairly gavi? up the 
attempt to record them uti, in dupair. Amonxthc customs of the people 
which Bttmcted hi* particular attention, one was, tiint, nn thcanriral of a 
diktingiiifthed alranger from foi«!gn parts, tnaida and matrons went to ihc 
inn, and weEcomed hitn with n^; another, that, when guests arrived at 
an inn, the lioiteM, with all ncr family, went out to mcl and receive 
them, nnd the gucitit were required to kiis them all ; and thi* among 
the Knglinh wai the Rnme aa aliakinE bands among other nations. " In 
no region," honestly add* our nvilhnrity, •' were wo held in «uch honour 
OS thrrc." Kra«muK, who wa* honi the very year thai Soaasck returned 
home, ilescriliea a similar cualom na prevailing in KngUnd In hia time, 
and bealowa on it hia most decided approbolion. " Our lonff hnir," aaya 
Saamek, *' was n great natoniBliment to tlvcni ; for they dcciared that 
Ihey had riever seen any who excelled lu in the length and beauty of iho 
hair; nnd they could by no mcnnt bo made to believe that it was & 
natural growth, but they Mid it muat have been stuck on with pilch, 
And whenever any of ua, thus long-haired, aj-peared in puhllc, he hrtd 
more people to state at hiini than if aonie atrange animal liad been ex- 



faibitcd." WHb ngsH to the <-ntenuinnieiiU, the BohemUn merely 
ny«, " My lord wm Icindly and maKnilicenity Treated, and bII his cocn- 
puiiions, Mpedally Scluuco (Stoss^Ic), both in th« royal piOue and elu- 
whcre." t'oT further inbraiatiun on tbcM polut«, we must liave recourm 
to GsbritI Tetsd : 

'Onee iip«n a day,'' nvi [ie> " iho king OTdcrcd u* In h« hidden lo llio 
Then the<j»c<ti w<-nt in the morning from cliildbed to the church, 
witli a iiilciidid ))r()ce9UDn, with many uf the priesthood, who bore the 
Mkcred vchcIi, and many tcholara, who ehnnUd, and all bor« b!axin)( 
tofchcK ThercnAcr cnmc it great troop of women and virgin*, frnni the 
euuntiy and froni London, who had been bidden. Then came a great 
number of tmnipeters, and pipor«, niid olheni, playen on ■tringt^d inktru- 
mcnti. Then the king'* inuMcians, about two-and-rorly, who lang 
Rtatvly chonlL Then about lb ur-and -twenty herald* and paniiivanti. 
Then about sixty eatl* and knighl*. After thcio went the queen. Two 
duko prttcdcd. A canopy wa« homo orer her. After her folbwcd 
her mother, and niaidciia and women, nhout lixly. And go ihc heard 
an office cliartt^ ; and vihin she had entered the church with the aaino 
precewon, the TL-IuniL-d (o her palace. And all who had gone in the 
proeetsion were hidden to rcinuin to lli« banquet ; and they were «eated, 
women and inen, Bpintiiol and temporal, cncli according to his condition, 
bar great halls full. 

" And BO they save my lord and his companions, and the neUeit 
lords, an G«p>-eial Inm^tiet In the hall, and at llw tables, wbcrr the Icing 
wu wont to fea^t with hit court; and the king's mist poweifnl earl wu 
eommanded to lit at the king's table, in the Icii^fs seat, in his stead. 
And my lord also sat at tlie same table, two ttopa lower down, and no 
(Hie betido tat at that tahti'. And nil tlie lionour which wni wont to bo 
paid the king, with earring and offering of wina, and presenting of thit 
riaods, in ail respects a* if the king himself were stated iherv, was 
done to the earl in the kin^a stead, and lo my lord, with so much splen- 
dour, that what wai coDtumed there saipaMea belicr. 

" And while we (mated, tho king gave laiveate to all the trumpeters, 
pipcn, and playen; and tc the herotds alone he (^ve four hundn-il 
noUcs. And all to whunt )>e had given lar^-aic r^nic tu thu Inhlei, and 
prorlaimtd aloud whut ihn king hadgiron to them. When my lord hud 
now ((tasted with thi' rarl, he let) my lord with all hit retinup into u hall, 
most richly adonied, where was the (^ucen, and she was jnst about to 
banquet. And so he phuwd my lord and his conipaniona in a recess, 
that he might behold tlie siiinptiiousneu. 

'* And to the (]u«cn sat down on a costly golden sent, at a table alone. 
The queen's mother and the king's sister must need* stand far down. 
And when tlie 'iiiveii siwke with her mother, or with the king's sister, 
tliey always kticlt bcTore her, until the queen took water. And whrn 
tlie first dish had beoa Mt bcrore her, then the queen's mother and the 
king's sisttT tito nt down. And her women and maids, and all who 
•erred the queen at table, wrrt all o( powerful esiris' families. Bind all 
must kneel as long as she ate. And idio at* nigh three hours, and of 
iniuiy raetly viands, whirli were Kt hefofc her, and befiira h«r mot|i«r, 
and tlte rett, whi-reuf much nii^-lit bo wrillvn ; and crery Doe waa still, 
not a word spoken. Kly Ivnl with hii eompaniona stood ercr in tlte 
w e w a. and looked on. 

" After the Innquet, ttwre began a dance. Tlie queen remained ail- 

S72 Tocas WTTH au> tratblleks. 

ting CO bo- dnir. Her motbcr katcM WsR ha; al tinei, die bade 
bar uiie. Thai tht kiss'i nito dnmd ■ ttaldr djunce with two dakn, 
and the state]T rereROca wbieli wccv nttde to the qoeen were sodi H 1 
bare Derer ebewbere ked paid b; neh inriaMic^T bettotiful ■l»w»l«- 
AiDODg them w«re «^t ducbtaset, utd about thiitr amnteMei, and aU 
the nst the daugbtcn cf m^tj ieiol Afta the daa, the kii^B miw- 
dans wen tidden to enter, and wen commanded to kd^ We aln 
beaid them when the kin^ btaid mass in bit chapd, siiKe mj lord and 
hii compaiuofu were adiritted ; and I think that there are no betts 
■ingen in the worid. Then the kin^ pomitted m to aee hit laocd ret- 
aela, and manj ninta wbo lie in Loodoo. And espedall; we hlw « 
stone which was Uou^t bom the Mount of Olires, wbereon was a feofe- 
pnnt of oui Lord ; and a girdlo and ring of oar Lady, and many othw 
aoed thingi. 

** AJterwudi, two earis inntcd my Ictd with lus companions to tbeir 
bouse. They gave lu an antpeakably costly banquet, about uty, 
■cnMiling to their custom. Thtxe we saw the most samptoous t^ws- 
tiies. Afterwards, my Imd inTited many eails and gentknien to bis 
house, and gare them a feast in the Bohemian fiuhion. They thought it 
very strange. Hy lord armed fainiself, and would Giin have jousted with 
bis companions, but the king would not permit it. And so my Lord Leo, 
Lord Frodner, and Gabriel Tetzel, bestowed all their homeas and steeds 
upon the king, and left all their jousting-gear in England. After this, 
my lord took leave of the king, and the king paid for my lord at the 
hostel, and we were there about forty days." 

After these festivities in London were over, our pilgrims Tisited other 
places in England, under the conduct of a guide whcHO the king had 
granted them, " that they might see the kingdom." It is impossible to 
describe the whole joumey ; but we must copy a few seatenees from 
Oahriel Tetzel's description of their Tint to the Duke of Olaroie^ at 

" He received my lord very joyfully, and paid him great honour and 
reverence. We remaned there over Palm Sunday, and beheld there the 
most splendid procession, how our Lord rode into Jerusalem. And the 
Duke himself went in the procession, and took my lord with him. After 
the service, my lord, with his companions, was bidden to a feast at 
court; and the duke and my lord ate together, and my lord's thsbbIs 
with the earls and gentlemen. There they gave us an unspeakably 
costly banquet, and we ate for about three hours ; and at the. banquet 
tliey gave us a dish that should be fiah, which was roasted, and formed 
like a duck. It has his wings, his feathers, bis neck, his feet, and layeth 
eggs, and tasteth like a wild duck. This we were made to eat for a fish, 
but in my mouth it was fiesh; and they say that it should be fish, bft- 
cause it grows first out of a worm in the sea; and when it becomes 
great, it acquires a form like a duck, and lays eggs; but it never hatches 
the same eggs, and is not itself produced therefrom, and seeks its food 
always in the sea, and not on the land. Therefore should it be a fish." 
These curious birds are also noticed by Ssasaek, who says they are pro- 
duced in the sea, and have no food except the air ! 

From Salisbury our travellers proceeded to Poole, whence they em- 
barked for Brittany. Here we leave them for the present, reserving for 
another paper the narrative of their travels througli France, Spain and 

(To be eontiaiud.) 


Loud Eldoh wm tonuntcd to vntt on wcount of hii Lift «nd Tinioa, 
He hul ivro laoentivea hr eoinpltane#, leuure and reientment. Rut tl>« 
fteta mn diy. md tliv line ).>t;l>Tfuii what might and ivluti mi^l not 
be told too difflcult tor a garruloui pen to draw. Of courw he declined 
t« write. Th«y than plftCM t roltuna of ancciJ4)ti;>i before him — anecdote* 
of viCDtB and penmi of Mr time — and blank kuvw -were iniwrtcd 
h rtw aen the paR«t. Thl« the old man could not retiiL Eiich anecdote 
BUggvatcd oomction*, oonSmiatioD, or oontrndiflion ; and Uie mention of 
ewli nams called forth an opinion or aa illuttration: and thus soino> 
thing wu glMiied from tiw ftorehouM of Lonl Elclon'a reminisoencaa. 

Without Lord Eldon's eminence or opportuiiilieB. I should be glad to 
hanf! mv rerollcdtona upon any row of pep. Although my lint, that 
it my L^rlinti, wirt* in a world which liu long ccaavd to ha, Wliat 
a mutable time I Our faiben, who saw poliltcai dajrlight through the 
firat dann of the AtDctkiui iiuurrrl, taw thccnaelTci f^ing through 
tba long Frsncb war to iti very condiuion, anociated with the eame 
naniM, and ■uiroODdMl by ihe tame facM. Now on* gvnamtJon Iroowa 
not another. They an tvifnt sway, like it svrvico of French dialies. and 
new ODW ore Uud upon tn« table, to be sdiniivd, diiwnincd, to bo 
doToniad, and lo diMppcw tn thHr tum. Think of \}w two IHtts. fullier 
and no. influtDein; the ooundlt and guiding; the fortiinee of England 
for thrae-quBJten M aeentury, fn>m 17 S5 to 1807- Look at the Jen. 
kinacoH, ftther and Mn: the Uil«r Htnrting froni nothing, nit prirate 
•ecnetary to tiie faTouriu*, Lord But«, and then rroeping gradually up 
the ladoerof office lUI he «»n became iu head, and reigned in Fitti 
plncc. Cuiitttmplate the DundoMti, tho Rydcn, tho Eiithurtta ; *amo oS 
them brilliant troei, like foreit ones, with ftw flowera and no fruit, but 
with ruots tlist defied the tetnpett of appotitian. Our frifiid, Disit^, 
may ijulz Oia Tiulputn and the Taper* a» he will ; but ) tan tell him, 
that llic TudpolcH and t!ic Tapen of that time had siamimt in them, 
own than 1 can see in th« very leadeia and f!a^ oratore of the ptcaeat 

\he pvejudioc •eeina, thai the politicians of titc ultimate nml pttntil- 
timata ge&emtioo were a ict of very ittupid nml very uIHiti fi-llows, who 
rslaltlithed n monopoly for llieniwlvea- — a kind of offitaal bed of naoa, on 
which limy liiticncd, and nhcrc thry beoiuie moutroualy rich, al the 
expanae ef^ the lUto and out of the bowels of thi- tax-psyeri. Now the 
Aulb !•( tlmt fbr the laat hundred yeart I know of no family that haa 
■c>|idrtd wealth by politic*, nor tliat ha* hod anything iiku tliat direct 
pmnatioa or peatneH, that the Cecik, and the KusBells, and Uie VUliera 
Imd. out of the niunil^ccnc^ of Elixabcih, or Hnniy, or .Tanie& 

T^e all the Pittite familtra— those who held the deathiiei and the 
puPK-itrings of Kn^land all ihrouKh llui moet expensive aii'l prodigal 
of war* — I>id they feather tbeir noata f Tbcr« arc few rcmaini now of 
cithct neau or feethere ; none of ihem giew rid), at least by politics. N n 
gnat GHtunoi in our tiaua «t in thorv have b«on amaMcd in office; 
wlultt the lalenta and opportunities ^ making a icrtuiiL' in any aOicr 
vtfk of life have uirariably been tlirown away. 

VOL. XXlil. X 



Look at Stowe and Wotloa. and tliink of Ihe Oreavillea and Ui« 
Tcmpla. Can we have ft mon itriltiiig cxanipUT Here it u fuiiilly of 
gentlemen, brothers, counint, relative*, obtaining by marnace a cbief of 
great wealth, Lord Cobham, who direct* the Bmbition of the vrhol« 
aniily tu politics. His ally, William Pill, tliv fiiutt genius 9rtho age, 
who mamed their sister, beeaino the First Lord and (he great Com- 
oioner. Thoy nilo togt^ther, and whon they nm oviirtlirown, there ie 
another brother, a arunvilk, roady to take tlielr placei, b« having ao- 
quimJ the political knowledge, cupplenets, utid connenoDR, wfaieb thqr 
wan led. 

The recorda of the Qrenville family are now in course of pufalicalion, 
and lull liiey ore of iiiBtruction, a picture of utlicial chancier Biid a 
review of ofUcial lire ThcM voliimcri toll, how Gcurgi; the Third would 
not peniiit tlie great Chatham to humble Franco, destroy her navies, and 
eonqiwr tiie coloniee of Spain; and how tliu aaine King, who fur nwra 
Ion of poacd did thi*, furcud Geiirge Grenrille to provoke a war with 
America, by which KnRland lost her own colonici, and her miliUiy 
reputation with l1iem. I'd thii leaaon ofroyal nature, theao Tolumoa add 
many nioco of political and of1\clat bearing. There can be nothing more 
manifest, than that Titt made the Ibnune of the Orenvillct, great and 
small : and yet these paperi contain a long and memorable sintement by 
George Grcnvillo, proving, or sticking to prove, that I'ilt owed all to the 
Oreiivillcs, the Gri?nyillcs noihing to him. 

How remarkable h the liking that Oeorgc the Third at first look to 
Qeorgc Grenvitle, as a man cold, methodicnl, obstinate, wlemn and 
ntiounatingo) hiuiiolf ; and how the monarch who admired these quali- 
ties at a diitance, found their influence intolerable in close contact, 
Oeorgc the Third became in fact somewhat reconciled to Lord Chatham, 
whoae proud and intvlliu'ent Kiiirit oxerriscd n tyraimy over hln, by find- 
ing that a dull solemn fool like tirenvilU could be juit as great a tyrant, 
and conBi<lenibly u greater bore. 

There is no current aontlment of tiie preient day, that lo aiira my 
bile, M the univuruil and almost aueccasTul effort of the Wlugi;. lo depre- 
ciate Lord Chuthain. Mr. Miicnulny pn)poBCS, Lord John Itumiell tocandt, 
and Lord Albemarle, in hiii recent " Memoir of Lord Rockingliain,'* 
rorrios the condemoation of Lord Chatham. I must own, that when 
I behold the eiiHiy* of Mnniiulny upon Lord Chnthani sold at raUrand 
Stations for a few pi'iicc, and destined to spread a knowledge of Hcgllih 
history and Engli^ heroism amongst the people ; whun I see his power- 
ful fji^nius exerciMt ciitidsm tu dicrubc, dcprciiati.-, and destroy the 
noblest and proudeat name on the list of the political geniuses of ' 
country, I am seized with indif^nation. The writers of DO nation J 
the world, sure our own, would thu» befoul their own nest, 
frenchmnn would devote a book to expow and exaggerate the foibles 
of Sully, Kichcliou, or Colbert, or those eapricious wookncsies that marefd 
the true crealn«BS ef ChoiMul J 

And aRar all, whst was the gnt.1 crime of Lord Chatham ? Simply 
tltat ho would not nmalgnmate with n body, that rjdlcd itiKlf ex- 
clusively the Wliigs. The Ditkt^s of Newcastle and of Bedford, the 
two great inagnutes of the Whig party, detetted I'itt in 1761, and 
ssmBcrd liim most boKcly to the ricing ascendancv of the favourite, 
But«. And on that account the W'higt of the present day hear him 
rancour. The tenacity and folly of Newcastle and of Bedford, who 



hkd no woner «acrif)c«d Pitt to Bute, than tWy were savrificed l^ Buto 
to bit own vanity, utterly broko up nnd ruined the Whig yany, if Uiat 
could be ctllod a party, which f<>llotv<>d th« lead of such tioii-«ntitioi, as 
tlie Dulte of i>cvoiiiiliiiv of iJiat dav, and tlto Idarquis of llockirif^liani. 
buike, who vroTu the ci>ltar of tlic IbiIlT) wus iho ^itt who opened llie 
Whi; bow-wow at Lord ChathAR) ; tni ever}' Whig writ«f hM r«>«diood 
th* aun* down to our time. 

The fiiult ftBd the cunc uf Oe«rge the Thttd't idgti, was the party 
wlueh he n-u enabled to form Boon afUr his aceeaaion — the party of 
King'* fricndf, who looked to the niotmrch cunoualy at a source of 
jierfieluii! wiidoni, and vrlio placed their loj-alty, not in protecting th« 
rtghU and privileKM of the croivn, in supporting its dignity and patrvr, 
but in renilcring the pcntonal will of the «ov«reigni tlie rule of all thingi 
in and out of P&rUanictit. Wt need not now cay, that they lost ua 
Amerieo, plaetd us in antagonitm with Fninec and' with Ireland, droTo 
from the oouiidU and direction of tho state, every inao of ability and 
apirit, and at the most active period of EuropcBn pulitics, placi^l the 
power and the finances of England in the hands of a man, far too young 
IB judgment and experience, whalsoev«'r his other talcntt, to be aware oJ* 

' the OODMq,iiatooa «f hia own decision. It is notorious, that the youngi-r 
Rtt embarked in the French War, with idvai of the present, and hopes 
ef the future, as remote (ran r«&lity and truth, ns tho Arabian Nights 
are from every*«lay lacts. 

The penonal inSuence of tli« King and King's friends begat nil this. 
And tbeie the elder l*itt would haro prevent<'d in 17SI, hiid the Whtga 
been true to him. Is it to be wondered then, that wht-n the Whign 
came in, under do more efficient leaders than Conway and Kockinghain, 
and then most completely at the mercy of the King's fiicnd* in the carry- 
ing of every meajure, — ti it to be wondrred, that Lonl Cliaihuiii would 
have nothing to ny to them, teeing tJiat they were ullowing the KiJig's 
friends to clinch, in 1 766, the mul which they hud driven in I7SH 

^Vhat an unhafipy king wm George the Third? he began hii reign 
amidst a Mriea of unexainpied victories. Every poet brought a comjui'st 1 
a jvovince one day, a West Indian Island tho next; L<ird Clive sent 
htm a cootinent I But young George turned in disgust from the eiijoy- 
mant that nMst wvweigits prize, Hp scorned Victory when aho came to 
htm. And Victory, like a young goddt^ts, offended at tlie slight, seldom 

I canie to the oouit of George tlie Third again, at least not as Ivn^ at 

I Oeerve the Third had n sound intellect. \V'hnt woidd he have given 
In 1800, Ivr even a sprig of ihoae laurels, whj<^ he rejected in tj&i, 
because culled by the hands of Chatham ! ^ 

Tfaete was breathing- tinio front tlic clixc of the American war to the 
eeoimencement of the French. The moral thennomolor, I have heard, 

' was high in Mvtm yeam People very soon recovered their disgracea in 
Atnetica, wliicb were alter all achieved u|)on us by our own mce. Thoy 
soon forgot the war, however; nnd the grand idta of tlw age was 
reform and improTomeitt, in tho npreiientation, in political cvoiiomy. ilk 
ivIigi'M), in finance. There wiu not a statetitnan who had not found the 

I tihiloN|i|icr's stone, and in it a panacea for the ills of pohcical bumanity. 

[ Fbx was fur converting the Knst into a ministerial apsiuigc, and miteT- 

• ilig the borne end of the syphon ot' wealth from Leadeiihall to Whitehall. 

■Pitt was rvfining I'arliainvnt by squashing all the boroughs, tuid tilling 
the house ofCommons n'ith " fiue old cotinlty gentlemen." Wilberforce 

X 1 



WW for reforniing thu luxurioui tml jmlsl lubtti of the rich, and tned 
to unpott PuriMni in4«pen(lmM from OT«r lh« Atlantic ; and d«i<v 
BngiUfainen and Scotchmen of that dajF were «iibrj-o hfivi* Bfauca, wiUl 
lor ■ Socialist Republic. Sum reality exploded anioogit llieir drsanii. 
Each hopod. at tlta fint outbnnk of th« Ftcnch RevolulMn, to find bi* 
accvunt in it. All were aonwr or later di«fpoini«d. Nor waa nu 
leu din|>point«d. who hoped to sw t)i« reoLntioa of hit btber'i grcali 
dr«aia, via., t» tbrow Fnnce on iti bode, Itlu: b turti<!. Unrartiiiial«l^, 
it was England that wm wan to rotonbk the turtle, more than Fnincu. 
The kinn lost hii noscip, th« tiiituittcr lii> life; nrvum) was an oaeaS] 
ofiiiiKrchy, which w^ll nigh overwhclmt^ tlioae wira Iind helped to raiMt 
and dared to eoibarlc cm it. 

My Ktma fint awoke to what was fomng in the worid, in lb* midM 
of that fearful vrai: which had act the Conlinont in flamea. its light oral 
lurid intonst being rdlucted from ev«rjf countenaaoe in th«oo islandvl 
Yanr tdioolboyt devoured the D«w>[ap«nrand snatdied Die C'oorter. Ona{ 
miglit comparo Rngtand during Ibe fint ten yean vf tht» century to . 
guaid-houKi a Terj tplcndid one. in whicli meti deliglilcd to woka aa 
watch, ill order to be ready to rvpel an en«niy, itill wliiliu|r away tho 
night in ull ttitt enijoyiiivnt tliot excitement suKgi-iiti--d, iuhI thai luxury 
could afford. There was a well of hope non nsins in iha Dudit of 
public d««poiidency ; for, hawev«r weak the cr«dit oTthe nation, Devcc 
were bund tnconi niore ample — miU giedt. people loyal, vrago* ampler 
fldlty to do^ and plenty to spend — John Bull nuTtr iDqutrvd further. 

I heard of battlfOt victonts, and defeatt, and matk«d llie graT« int- 
prcatkn that tlicy made. No feat or fortune of war, howewr. mailo 
BO great a smsntion u Gooi^ the Fvurth'i conduct on mccevding tftj 
power aa Itogn-nt. For half a century \he political struggls had not 
Wen «>> mtich WIwmii Wliig nnd Tory, tliough both these rival 
were the moit sjwlceii of, tw between King's friends and indepcodtnl I 
Turiei. Krom the (ommenoeoieiit ot the century I^tt Itad ccMed to bt \ 
a King*! friend. Ilu wai luooecdsd in ike royal affecUoii by Atldiitgton. 
The tuent of iJiu Tory party Uius w«ul all one way, and its loyalty the 

George the PnuKh knew what tident wm. Norte onj^od it more In 
social convene ; and he had ample choice of it in Tory aa wdl u* Whig. 
He knew WoUegley as well ss Moira, Canning as wdl aa Sheridan. I 
But tlic fiirthcr hi* royal head got into the crowii, the iioirovrer did it 
become, till the. once fjencroiis prince waa a mass of personality and pet> 
tinen. He wtfi an Kpicurenn without tho gcMtrtMily of orve; 
although he liad not the laine idua lliat hit father liad, of making hii 
political will a law, which was to rescue the stato by every one's rall^*] 
111;; to it ; ho still resonted any diflVreneo of opinion with him as a pef>< 
•onal aifcout. He, thenrlurv, luit tu him the tuk-iit of all the partii-s ihiil 
had EOTomed England. lie that wuk successful in hats abniad, aixl in 
I'lirlinmciit at home — what need wom tliurw of talent i Gcorga tlv 
Fourth, who had learned to di»botieve in human virtue, now dinibtvd ' 
tbe advantsdc of even genius. Stupidity and suppleness were better. 

J-low discontented wera the mindii of young and clover Tories in subor- 
dinate place* ! There was no chance of rising. Tiie olTicial aristocracy 
of the Jenkinsons and Iktthurats was as exdusirc and inipetioiis ns 
any whig duke that «Ter bullied a Hanoverian king. And tliero were 
SoTcrul singing Ijirds in tho Tory cngo who were lorbiddcn to let a 



■ingk DOU be heard. Amt>ngst tliete cag^ birds were Mr. CrokcT ood 
Lord PalmeretOD, both ambitious, both eafier U> be all and evor^tliing, 
ukI k50wing t>ienu«lTM infaniU:!}' cluvoter than llic im-micr in all Ihe 
^goitj- uf pigtaiL But Lvrd Liverpool hat^d Ccokcr. and I'uIitkt- 
ston tri-mlik'd tx-foro liim likK a little boy. As Caiming dialikt^ CroK-r 
as mucli at Lord Liverpool did, tti«te waa email chatiF« for the Admiralty 
SccrL-Ury. ovtwitliitaiiding hii connexion with L«rd Hv^fvrd, ai)d 
lliroujEli Lord H«rtfbrd with tlw pr«ini«r. The dislike o( the Tadpotea 
aiid lapera 1« Ctwkor, was graatly owing to hi* being given to wioM tliat 
injriteriuua and vulsar w«ap«n tlie pen. And although he did um 
Ihe said neapon with power and malinnity, it was slway* in fevour of 
tlic Tory rnuto and Tory )>arty, nnd iii vituperation of their eneniie*. 
Still th« JnikuiKins and UathurMs were afraid of the penman. Can- 
ning* liuniour and hit Cfignum wero dangoroui ^iiuugli, a dottlAi of 
them in tfauBaniu admin i si ration waa too much. 

Tli« i>uke «f WellJnglDD was men ditccminK and goncrvus than any 
of hit ccJIe^uec. Lord Pnlnieritton wiu piiciiliaiiy attached to him, and 
lli« Duke liked both him and Craker. tlut the J)uke, though supreme in 
\hv field, fdt ItiinMlf but a lubaltcni in the cabinet, did just what he 
was bid, without dnrin|[ to have an opinion — witnevs his misBioii to 
Vvrana, — and kfi llic high tnaU«ra of state, and atatv imlmtiage, to meii 
far leat capable, fnr l<fls libeiali and far kia hoiwM, to wield them. Had 
Peel at t)t»t linK' any tacl, or any far views, he wouM Imvc rnllivd to the 
aide of the Duke of WvlliDgtoii, inapin^d him with iilua^, and ptuhed 
htm liirward. Instead of thikt, Pc«l pinned hinuKlf to thu skirts of old 
KIdon; niid iniltad of his arousing tlie Duk« out of the iluniberoui 
durkn«M of pure toryisin, il witi lli« Duke who sliook him. It waa. 
indeed* hi) making part of the Bullion Committee, tliat finl destroyed 
1^1*1 lencfntion fur pure loryikiii, and made him dishuliovc in the all- 
aapMncy of Vansillart. But il was the culil^ury Duku, stranga to say, 
that fint taught Peel to look upon qucctions of religious legation) for 
example, with ihe eye of a practici^ man and a whlier. Every man 
must recoUcet what the Duke siiid in tho House of Lords in 1829. He 
Mid, that he bad never opposed Ui« Catholics for ilteir Uliering in trun- 
nibnoRtiation ; his sole wjeelion to them was their church govemment, 
to deal with which was u matter of political rxpfdirncy. Here oil tlio 
bigb cbunh pmciplta of I'ecl and Ulndslonc uivltcd down ui a v«r^ 
small crucible!. Th«tc fvw sentvneu give a compkli* idea of the Duke s 
politiool llivolo^. Mr. Peel evidently took it us lu> own, a» iar more 
pntctkaUe titan what he had been used to. 

Geonn tlie Fourth's aversion to Pe«l waa singular. That he sltnuld 
dtslikv Canning and Brougham Jor sympathising with his Quern— >that 
h« should hate tho Whiga because he luid wi^-ugvd and been upgralelul 
to tlHrni, waa natural. But PeeJ was juit ihv man for lli« now Tory 
nMiMidi to have trutled to. But Pml was a political Puritan, awkwaid 
and in-kiii-cd. The gontlcnuin Prinoo considtred the walk of P««l unsa 
a room as a feat nliich it was prodigious ainuHinaiit to gut htiu lo rapeat. 
Bo was he taken b^' »upL'r£ctals. 

This uhaptt-r has beeit rather a tcrious onc^ recording mora what hat 
been lieurd and heard rtjieated tlian seen. I may close this epoch with 
1815. and cannot belter terminate it than by rctatmg an nnix:dotv «f tliat 
I>cTiod, and of the momentous event which cloeed it am] Ihe war- 

Wben Napoleoa node fala tuddvn and ttanliiig advuflce upoo Bol- 



Stum, surpruing and btAting the Pnuiions mt Quatrc Bna, and driving 
tbcm in on* direcfwn, whil»t th« EngUih nOK&ted in another, there vtm 
of course alarm in hII tho«e who witnMwd Uif tnililary operationi. amj 
ntvo wrillen accounts from th«n. Anxiety, not to %ay panic, vra> 
gnat in Lon<3on, ani novrlirm (frcAtcr than in miniRtcrial circles. Two 
meinbns of Patliainmt — Fily^rold w« the name of ons of them — hod 
NCR the sd-raiiee of the French, and had coidd through th« i«trcsltn; 
in»«tct of the Britiiti. Tb«y know not wlmt to make of it, and thought 
that their rank and impoitance entitled them to ga to the Dulca and aak 
him the meaning of all thi«. The Duke rcceavcd the politicians with a 
moody brow, and did not dei^ to remove any of ttieir aiixictic*. He 
inquirod of them all they Wnvw, and they told of reftimenls lout in high 
and waving com, and ortillcry irtuck in the unpnr^ nid*^ of the high 
rood. The Duke sighed gloomily, and advised our politimnt to get Out 
of the way aa fast oa erer heels or hooft could carrj- them, for be eouH 
tuA tell what might happen, or what inundation «vc«p the countiy 
loulh of SruswiB. The M.P.b led Waterloo and ita vicinity on the 
)7th,&rtd came home in a iital« of mind, whi>ch they oommuaicated to 
all from W**tminster to Marylehone. 

1 do not know whether joiimnls had "our correfpondent " in thote 
daya. Notvfitlinlanding the wond'-rful celerity of information, which the 
Timf* BUPceudifJ in profiirinf; and in organizing, 1 douU if it yet had 
bulletinn from the field of battle. But the great monicd houses had 
their agents, and their rivnl ngenlR, wliiie the houMv of Rnthtchild and (rf 
Qoldimidt tiieii fought and struggled to procurL' intelligunep, ai Time* 
and Vfironiclit did aomo yean iater. The atory goes, that on this occa- 
sion the Goldsfiiidls sunt their ogvnt lo the field of baltl«. Perhaps oiu 
of the M.P.s was tlie agent ; but prabaUy this was not the case. At 
nny rate the said agent ttos frightened out of the field by the Duke, and 
compelled lo take refuge in BrusBels. whore Finding panic prevail up to 
a very late hour on lliv 1 8th, he dispatched a courier to his princijials 
with the intelli^nce that all wai, or would, undoubtedly be loit. And 
hereupon the Goldsniidtians sold stock to an unheord-^f umaDnt ; and 
•tory would of coumc gn on to «fty, thoy never recovered it. 

The instructions of the ^feKSTa. Rothschild to their ngcnt were ntne- 
what diftVrent. Ho was told to keep away from the field, from Uie 
orniy, and fmm Its opcmtions ; to send no courier except with tidings of 
a fad nlreody post question ; and the fact deemed already |>ast doubt- 
ing in his mind, he was to come home himself, and pve his reasons 
for crediting or Iwing nsniircd of it. The Rothschild agent was not only 
Forbidden la atation himself in the field, but he wits also advised not to 
remain in BruaseU either, which wa« toon to ba the heod-quurtcrt of 
either exuttatioti or panic, the one perhaps us little well- faun di-d as the 
other, tlo was told, on the contrary, to betake himself lo Ghent, which 
was at a fair distance from the contending armies, and on the rood lo 
England, tn Ghent, too, Louis the Eighteenth hod stojiped ; and he, no 
doubt, wotdd be sure to hear the first mtcllixence of import addressed to 
him. If it were Rood intelligence, his Majesty, or ex-Mnjesty, would 
•oon divulge it; if had, it would soon become apparent in the prepa- 
rations of tiie Kingand his suit« to move farther off, and cmbArk once 
more for Old England. 

Guided by Ihcae instructions, Mr. Rothschild's agent, whose name I 
forget, but wlio was a nolid old gentleman, very unlike the young go-a- 



head newnnongn of our da^, ttolioncd himMif n( Qhcnt, and k«pt hii 
vyv upon iho hotel !n which Louit tho EigKlonitli vraa lodgocl, with the 
liL-enness of a man whose brend-and-bulter i« implicated in Ihc ^ucccaa of 
bit pr(«urii)gint<'l)i^nc^. 

Now it M hapji-iird iliQt Louis the Eighteenth) who lik«d to play iha 
kiiift, had coiiKntcd to do w> publictyi in ordor to {[ratify the worthy 
tnliahilnnU of Ghent. In order to do thii, he hod contented to eat hii 
tireakfaal iit puhlic on tli« following moming, juKt lu it wm the cuatotii 
at tho Tuilcrica for the Koynl fomily to dine in public cnv ccrtnin diiys. 
Their mnJAitie* or their prinecdoma ate their nieal, whilst the public 
manhcd tHon^ a kind nf eorridor to behold them. Woir, our n«nn- 
t^gent of course altnided ihU hreoklait, aa the aiitht of the dtiy. He 
walked in and up-it&ire with tho crowd nf Ghmtoi*. ciitcn^d tho room 
H'hero Loui* the Corpulent was eating with guod u|>pvtit(!. There wai 
■earcely a paitition between hii Majesty's brcakfiiflt-tublc and tlic public ; 
and our af;<nt patued, with anxinui and linKi:ring r«tpeet, to obRrrire th« 
royal jam in the very aiDiple, but not Bubliine, oporatioii of tnutlioating 

Louis bad jurt devoured hit liut chop, and our friend dofoured t)ie 
monareh in turn with hia eyes, when a clntter was heard in th« tourt 
belAw. A hononaD hod entered at full tptKd, mid with i:>ttml »pei»l, it 
would appear, the said horseman made his way up the suircaae, deter* 
niin«d to drliver hi* meewf^ into xhr roval linnil. The ineG(ciig«r woji 
nather inor« nor Ivaa than a couritf, with ahcrt sword by hia side, inch 
aa foreign couriers wear ; and he hand^l to hia Majoxty a larga ttiiTelope, 
whidi when opened contained u pnper with a very few words. Tli« 
Duke of Wellin^on had won a great liattie on the field of Walerloo. 
BonofMirte had fled, and Ma army was dettroyed, routed, and dispersed. 
The old King handed tb« pii[M.-r ti> bo read aloud, and by none were its 
content* more Jtreedily swallowed than by the agent of the RothKhihla. 
And then tb* old King, rtarling to hi« mil very firm legs, ttili contrived 
to walk upon them over to tb« courier, who stood waiting for )\\t<iuerJo», 
and bestowed upon the poor man iLffuerdon that he rery liltic expected, 
vis., an ombraee and a kiss upon both )iii cheeks. Our jolly En^lish- 
■nan, howcTer elated before, wax now nthamed, quite adiamod, that, not 
Rovaity, but manhood should inflict upon man such a thing as a kiaa. 
He uttered an exclamation, went out, put on his hat, ruthod to 0«tei^d, 
put to sea in a finhing-bout, and got to the English coait and tu London 
!oiu[ before a packet, post, or ordinary ineascngcr. 

HM first care was to inform hi> pntmns, the Messrs Rothschilds, who 
paid him muniflcently, and entertained no doubt of liia correctneia. 
They tlu-n told him, that, aAcr n certain hour uf that day (fur it was 
morning) itrtick by the London docks, ho night make what use he 
p1aas«d of his intcUiconre. Accanlinf;ly my gMitlcmnn from Flanders 
Mced up and down bcforv the Horse Quanls until the clock ntnick ^1 
know not what hour, whether eleven or twelre>. When it did strike, 
be walked into l>owii!iig f^treel, and demanded to spc^k wiili Lord Lirnr- 
pool. fli« pBsaport, signed at Ghent on such a day, soon got through all 
the shyness of official Teaerve, and he was now ushered into the preeene« 
of the Preniier, He told his story, as I have toM it, from the lint 
■natter of hi* instructions, to what he had beard nt the royul breakfast. 
But he netw mentioned tiio ktia — ho would liavo blushed to do it. 

Never wits man in such n pucker na wan Lord LiverpooL H« had 


btoi B tke W«at ifirila «yy— rf W ftewmm — i^ id fe « 

mt bcfiere a v-nd of tarn 'w^mammei mmr. h «m a itadc-jaUiaK 

I Mil I ■ — - ' " ■ „ r 11 cii I 

Jk-wToag ScRct icadi wner tkaa to QkbL Bad tte wnt bno ■ 
tmUM aotficr 6(»L dK icU, W a^ tew bdwni Un : bat « mera 
dak, withat^^nned Hztr mOm fia« ike tM,tmi DaflHnbon- 
tMiL Pciirlw, Ae Dgw» — too pad to be tn». 

Ib hk pi|ii«iiig, hjaeiet. Lord liiiyol Moi ra^id all the aAm 
to aU Ac peopfa ^xIt u kasw aajtliii^ ar to be giwd jari|gM ■ & 
amtui. The dniee a <PDe cMdd fa* faaid, bat Cnkse. He cmie i^ 
Sowtioaed the i pn t, nar iiuw |uiilwaid Um ia !■ diKp w^. Bat 
there waa ae A^jag fak' eridoiee. " WcH," bji the Batfa«lnl&a to 
the offidila, "too MiD dooLt omi at if 1 woold eaae hcte to Be ftr a 
pahiT Rvaid.' If jva vant beBeve wlat I tdl jn about the Kiif of 
Fraaee and the coofier who brw^ lum the aewi, hnr will joa bden 
what I BR gwDg to tdl too, and what aitcnahed nn mare thaa 
aaTthiDg tiae ; when Lotus the fi^rteooA icad the lett^ he ataited 
ap, hD^ed the duatv, dirtr coarier, aod hiMed the Utow m both 

" Hj lord,' aaid Mr. Croker, ** pm aiaj befiere evoy vmd this gai- 
tlenan aa^ For do En^irii anapnatkB cooM innat thia dKomataDce 
of tbekiaa; aad ao poaiUe drcunutaace cooU be a aiia^cr goanatee 
of truth." 

Lotd Lirwpool tbcfefim did beUere, and ma giad. Bat loaB; itill 
kept doubting. It waa too good to be true ; and wfaj waa the duke 
nlent ? Major Vetxy, with the di^atchea, did not airive till late in the 
CTening; and whai he did eame, be could find nobody. Sm anxiety 
was to find the King. But no being could tdl where hn Majeaty George 
the Fouith bad dined, or where he spent the evening. At last the 
monardi was unearthed at Mra. Boehm'^ before whose dow Percy 
■topped with his jaded coach and four; and the R^ent waa enabled 
to infoim the wonhipful company around him, that the atar of Napoleon 
Bonaparte had definitively set on the field of Watoloo. 


msna knock ! 

Are fou io iorc? How jour bpart palpitates xt the eoiiod llist 

MiDouticei the )on^ed-fur minivr I Am you m bu«iiii>s«? You look 

calm and uDperluil>iliI« wki^n ihat sutliltii beat renuuiiilii oti j-our hall 

door ; ytm inocr nc >our wife, atid you rvptoTc your iofanu for their 

inpUitPoe to know "vbo it'i for;" hut you are ank very properly 

acting your dignitit-d rile of a man of buainoM ntid fftlnvr of n family, 

]An you in d«bt? Poor fallow* how you tremble leat tlic bu»iu«aii- 

likc floariiih of the hard-hearted Schneitler, who r<ml Teovm. and vonl 

giT« lime, iliould mcitt your eye — prophetic of dire renolution* to pIocA 

I the kfair in tbe hands of bis sUomoy. And oil these varied cmotioni, 

I ind t«n tbonund otbeT*, be your position in life wluit tl cnny, vim ba 

enllcd up by that simple, mdden, slaitliii;^ little " rat-tat I " 

Marinaduke Wilniinglon, Km),, hnit just hMird ihii unine excilin^ 

kaoimd, at he ul at breakfast in his lodKia^ in Bury-«treet, St. Jarueit'i. 

I Tbereupoo, Mr. Wilmiof^on hod laid do«n nit uplifletl piece of lAut, 

in «vl)icli ft liitle Wnf-ttioe had olruady been formal by hi» ^Titiderg, 

fvamved one slippered foot from the fender on which it hud Iwoii 

, riMtnig, and raJved his eyt« frnm that highly intoreiitiiift porliua of the 

*' Moroing i'oit," headed "Sporting Intcllif^'ence." It wn> clear that 

Mr. Wilmington expected a letter. 

Mr. WibniDKlun'* vakt, howrvcr. well-knowing that th« street door 
had a letlcr-box, and tbai ^ pervonally bad no inlereat in any epittio 
which tniKht arrive, curitinuod tn the kitchen bin perusal of a critique on 
|la*t ninbtant-w WIt-t, perfvctly undisturbed by the iioity sumtnou* which 
) bad aroused hi* master, and in no hurry to altrnd to it. White be i* finith- 
hg the ballet, and bis master i> only restrained frotn ringing the bell 
violently, and dMnaoding whether the letter is for hint or not, by his 
Kuu of the renr undignUIed appeanticc that impatience always makot, 
iM ni examine thp IbIict g«Dtlenian with a little attention. 

Mormaduktt Wilmtnitton bad arrircd at tlie ngr. wheu a man ia 
voted *■ old " by young ladies of eighteen, " middle-aged" by thr young 
ladia-n' niamnuix, and "quite a young fellow," by gouty old ({[raiiiirBthers 
who wear ipeetacles, and put tbeir Irunt in port wine. In tbi.- arniy he 
would hare lankud among the lonior*, at the bor he nould bavc bt-en a 
jueeitile junior, in fact, be »ai about fortv. But he waa neither in the 
amy nor at th« bar, nor indt^d in any oth^r profMsion or calling, fur 
which a nante baa yet been invented which would be at all gratifying to 
' il» ■ambers. 

And yet be was by no mean!! an idle man, iwr a roan of independent 
proprrlr. Tnu- br liied in plriity. dined well, dre«4ed well, bwl good 
rooms rode good bone*, ncvet failed to (enint bin ilall fur the sr»oil 
•I tbe Frencli I'lay* and the Italian Op«ra», boloiiKMl lu a good eltib. 
IVequented doDt-nt MK-iety, and Imd ibc air and n-puisiion of a man of 
good run. With all ibia be had inbeTiled nolhiuK in the way of fortune, 
jud yet be iwver Kot Hito debt ; he tipeut money, and ninil (lieroforv 
havowad* it, lliougb few mnoog hi* nio«l intimaie frii'iida cuuhl havi- 


been in the lowest ipirita, opiwetwd by [mion ueountt, and he did 
not believe a word of hii infonnant't ttory. It was a itodc-jobbing 
bunnew. The Duke would have not a menenger from the field to 
Downing Street much sooner than to Ghent. Had the agmt be«i a 
breathless s<ddier frixn the field, he m^t have believed him ; bat a men 
deiki with a tale gleaned axtj mQes frinn the field, and no coiroboia- 
tioo. Bende^ the newt was too good to be true. 

In his peiplexitT, howerer. Lord Uverpool sent roond all the ofiioes 
to all the people lifcely to know anything, or to be good judges in the 
matter. The d«uoe a one could be found, but Croker. He came and 
questioned the agent, nay erosv^uestioned him in hie sharp way. But 
there was no sh^dng his evidoice. " Well," says the Rothaehildian to 
the offirials, " you still doubt me, aa if I would come here to lie fiir a 
pahry reward. If you wont believe what I tell you about the King of 
France and the courier who brou^t him the news, how will you believe 
what I am going to tell yon, and what astoidshed me mon than 
anything else ; when Loiue the Eighteenth read the letter, he started 
np, hu^ed the dusty, dirty courier, and kissed the fellow on both 

" My lord," sud Hr. Croker, " you may believe every word this gen- 
tleown saym. For no Bn^idi imagination could invent this dicumstance 
of the kiss ; and no possible drcunutance could be a stronger guarantee 
of truth." 

Lord Livetpool thwefiire did believe, and was ^ad. But many still 
kept doubting. It was too good to be true ; aiid why was the duke 
nlent i Major Perey, with the dispatches, did not amve till late in the 
evening ; and when he did come, he could find nobody. His anxiety 
was to find the King. But no being could tell where his Majesty Oeorge 
the Fourth had dined, or where he ipent the evening. At last the 
monarch was unearthed at Mrs. Boehm's, before whose door Percy 
stopped with his jaded coach and four ; aai the Regent was enabled 
to inform the worshiplul company around him, that the star of Napoleon 
Bonaparte had definitively set on the field of Waterloo. 

can lell too. So if you means to rua for the plate, you'd belUr come 
iJowD and gdIct at wooce, or I wouldn't hack you nt no odds >oon. 

" Your turvatit lo comand, 

" Jahks Wuimtock." 

Mannaduke Wilmini^tan laid down the Irttrr with an ab»traclrd air, 
took it tip agmin and T>;-ri'iid it; and thf^ii, finding that it ctnillcd .1 t^nni- 
poiiiid oiltiur of alultt talxicco, Icsthpr, and ttnble toonure, be threw It 
into the Rrc, 

" A dnil of a bore this. To ffo out of town nl this tim^ of the year, 
ajid to thai flow plnt^r, loot ShonliiJg and liunling overt TWln's 
fishing cnougli, to be suiv, but I bate CBhinir — at least jhrfit/i. Ha I 
ha I Huw^TCT, thit k a mslter of businp««. Tliu girl has hvt tiiirty 
thounnd — ihorc '■ no floubl of that, Stii- '» lolr-rablv ptvlly loo, if it 
were not for that confounded ^nekcrie that all iticto couuiry-bred girb 
havp. TKai cim be soon inbbod »IT in luwn. nl nil vv^i^niM. Yea, 
d«ddedly tbia in a cbancv not to be thrown away> Tliu old barunPl 
likca me too, 1 believe But who tbc dvucc cua be this ' dant^erout- 
looking chap,' oa wonhy Jim calls him? Hang the fallow, wh.i( mn 
ke waul in ifie country in April ? llr mu»t be a •nob. No matler, I II 
ran no riakff. /tilont, Htva !" 

lie aetxed a p«n. and on a neat shmt of nolp-paper wrote as foU 
low* : — 

"DuR Sli Tromas. 

<■ Availing my-xlf of your kind general inTitation, I pi'opo»e eonlog 
down to Vititom for a few day*, as I am ordrred by my physician lo 
uke II little country air. — Kindest re);ard» lo the ladii**. 

" Evrr yourt moffl faitbfully. 

•' Sir TIkunua Vrfiiooi. But. VanuxB Rail, WatwIrktitiiiT." 

" Cool, that, decidedly," ho »nid. as he sealed the letl«r ; " but A^*ll 
vail h hMfly. and to fonli : ao it 'a all right, and to-morrow I II dine at 
Vcolom Hall." 

Veptom Hall waa like bnodreds of other hall* in Enjiflnnd, but in 
no otiwr oouolrV' It wii* a han<l»Qmc, coDTtmicnt and unpretending 
pdifie«, tlacdioff in * paih, with grcenitward, fallow deer, and tall ircci 
in abundanor, Maidra a feir-«ized sheet ofnaler, called a lake, and 
with kiicben-gardena, flower-gvird^u*, conferTolorice, Sic. In a word, 
(>eor){e Etobiiis would Iiav« made a splendid descri|)lion out of it, hut 

^Biitbcr our (aste nor our talent lyin^ in ih^t direction, w« wont ntnmni 
I tb« ground of the late Trince of Aiicttoueors. 
Its preM-Dt owner mt» 8ir Thoniaa Vriiloio, descended from the 
Vcntoms llial came oier with the Caniiucror — of courtv, Bv ihc war, 
we axe pononally actjuainti-d with nlmaM n* many tim-al descrndnnls 
of the (Conqueror's follower* as the uutntiert of the latter aclually 

.anwunted to; u.iy, we arc not mirc llint n-e could not tell of more 
lame* than tlie Roll of Battle Abbey contuin*. owned by people who 
swear their anceMor vat ooe of William's knijiliiF. Thii'is decidedly 
ctiriouK and piinElinK- Howerer, it i> no buKiuesi of onr^. Our om 

rfamilv b uniloubmlly from the Cun<[ueror'* ftocb> Everybody luia 

I ii«ara of the L« Ilruniti from which we, the Brown«, arv doMrndeil. 
But tliis b digrMHUff. 



fjir Thumnit was a ninn uf wi'^ih and iufluciice, much rcspacud m a 
gM>d Iniidlord, Miil a harij rider, a genuiM country ^tUenan, wkn 
oft«D rctiirucd liU tcnnni* 6vc- per ct-nl. on fiunrttr day ; had woo *t 
many lirukhes d«aaj foihunter in the countj, and oever gave le$a ibin 
«ighiy-fouf NhillingR a doicn for hiii clarvt. 

His Mif» wa» northy of li«r buib&adi nnd for Sundaj-scboab, 
bUnkcrtK, and aoup wiu uiijii rpuKscd by any rouiiiry grallnnaD's lady in 

They bad no diiUrra ; but a niece of Lady Vcntotn's resided with 
thrni, a Mi:i« Jiitin Moiileiih. Thii youag lady was <m<! a( the Mtet 
of Wnrwifkfthirc. otid jtreatly oonglit nfl<'r »l (.■iHiiity balls. She was, 
iin<]iii<ttti<iTi«li1y, prt'liy Mid ck-ver, but, as our Tricriid Mr. .%fnmiRdiikc 
\Vi1niiiig1on hod obi-erTed, she hnd certainly a touch of t/aucArrir alKJiiC 
lier, if t1io XfU of London fn*hionabli' tnanncn wore applied Ui Wr. 
Thin was disBgivcable to tonip, and yiqvaut Xo otherf, in pmportion aa 
they were Ihoroiifjlily or oilirrwi»e id their owd mind). 
IJut Bvui Ihiwe who saw and complained of this vant of »tyle and finish, 
eotiHdrrpd tlic di-fcct amply c(>nip<?n«atrd by her nimoared pOMeasivn 
of thirty thousaDd paunds' foriuue. 

Mannndiikv Wilnilii^on, who been hiintini; in Warwickxhirv latt 
auluiim, had beuu lutroductd to Sir Tboniut ViMilotn, and by him 
invited to the I loll. There ho had eeen and ndniiri-d the fair Julia : 
ami hnring H»ci-rtiiincd during bin stay that &lir had tho nbove-mcn- 
tioneil thirty tliousaiid attractions, ho had deteniiliii-d, a« \ue Mid, " to 
bag the t^amc." Hut wl-I) knowing that all kindi of events nii^hl 
kapfi<i3 in his absence lo th«nrt his tehemes, ho made a cunbdnn! of 
Jim, one of the ({rouiDt at Veiitom llnll, mid comimiBajuned liiin to l«t 
liim know if anything occurri-d likely to affi-ct his iutcreats. The con- 
seqneiice of ihiR eonBdeoce was Jim's dirty episllc wo hare pn^senifd lo 
the reader, mid Mr. \V ilmi niton's di-iorniLnntion to rush off u> lh« 
Hcene of action himself* And nnw let ua precede lh<^ worUiy grDllcioan 
lu Vi-'ntaiu Hall. 

Thp little family are at breakfast, tlioiigh it is earlv rnouch in tlio 
momin]r. A guod substantial rvpatt that same breukfa.'it is, and ample 
Jmiici' ia dune to its attractions by nil four at ihu tublv. Tbe fot)nh 
person is Nir. Chnrlcn SjiCTicor, a gi.cst of Sli- Tlioinas's. This young 

![catlctnan is a curm't uf a light- di-o^oun n-ginuiit, at present quartered 
n some abotnioable place iu the wildd of [r^land. Hut Charley SiM>neer 
is absent on leave, and hii fmber, bring an old friend uf Sir T1toinaa» 
tho latter lias invited liiin to Ventam Hall. Now, the very tdc* of a 
comot of tight eiivnlry, just escaped from Galway Uarracks, io the 
month of April, speuding his time at a dull country sent, is, jiritudjatrit, 
absurd ; but then Mutter Cbailey has bceii to the said scat before, and 
is |)erfectly uw.ire itial there i.t unnieihlng within iui pn-cinois lo com- 
pensntc fur tb^ lo&s of Itotten Row, the Italian Opera, and tluit fading 
remnant of fornicr gloriin, " Alnuck'*." U Muter Cbarlcj'a tutc so 
verv had alter all? 

'hw letter-bag orrived — that great rvent of tlie day in a country 
houw during the dull season. Sir Tbumas unluckeil it, aud drew furih 
sundry lellers and llio inevllubl* "Times." Tliere was a letter on 
sccDlcd jiapcr, inscribed in dulicatt) ehsracier9 lo Miss Monteith, from 
tier boMia fricud, iiho had goitc for her fint eeasmi loLontlon; aud 
uttnioliiiig wuru her tewUtioni of life in tbe ^rcal lovUopotis. Xhaxo 



«-■» a ■aucf Vlirr from Jai^'li TUi-hUy trf ihv llliim lo ('liarky Sprnrer, 
quiuinK lii<" <»■ !■■* wuittrji [in'Mrruott*. TWn' wns a fiious- luokiiifr 
»pwtl« in mtir diameter*, from (hv sccr^iary of ib» " tMivor«nl ltrntli»r- 
bixxl anil Negro Cotivmion Soriolj " lo I.ii<ly Vptiloin, And, la'lh-, 
there wM llw It^llrr of Mitrniaduke Wiliiiiiiician, E><|., lo Sir T)ioinn« 

" Br8»o'."wieJ ill* Uliera* Boon ua h« hud pcniwd tl. "Now, 
S|H'n«'f, we i^linll t>r nbk- lo vulivi-ii yuii n bil in llii; dull place" 

IIpto ChtrU'y threw a rUucc at Mis» Julia. iiiUinUil lo he irnidort 
bill a null 111 tnuiutachiuii cwMtng MMilimrnul elAnci'K, in liko a lu|i(iu- 
poUiouft nttrmpliiig the jKrlkA, vo lIuU «liat wttt meant lo be vufil^- iitu- 
nnkline. wu really simply " slwepisli." 

" My dnar," coDtinuMl Sir Tlionuu, sddrcMing kit vriPc, " Wilnung- 
loii i* coiuing do*!).** 

Lady Vvniora eiprinu-d bcr »aii)faciton, for tha (onvideTrd ftlarma- 
ditkc ■ most wdl-l>Tml man, and very charitably ditpou-d; liu tiiii) for* 
wanJetl a ^iiira iliroiigti bcr lo tbe " CDiveraaL Broilicrhooil and Negro 
Con*flr?i*Mi Socioly."" 

Miiw Manti-iih lookrd plcjwcd at ihu mwii, and onid she was d«-li^1it- 
ed i wbcnuil ChnrU-y S|><-ncer ffll iroio, and suiuuchrd \w uiwialacluos, 
u ht atkKl, *■ Who it Mr. Wilmiiiguio i " 

It «af 1 very MtnpW ijuvirtiuii ; tiut wiiH-huw or olht-T no vne irauld 
iRSWrr it, for no ooo knvw osactly what to call our iViL-nd MariiiaduVe. 
Sir Thoouu voniured to call biin a man of inilcjX'ndciit |iri>p(*rty, tliiiugb 
ihr wfiriby hariNiel bnd so[n« mifgivinKs itt lu w)ii-llier he wmi Ivlling 
ihe truth — at all uvcnt* be did iiol know whvru iboproptTty lay. Liidy 
Veiiiom Miid ho wa% a fiuinlivd geuik-iuttii, tiid mry chiiriublc; and 
iVtiii Muni«ith wound up llw account by addinf^, "and tu hojidwiu* ! " 
This wiu ik-cidi-dly ibe inoxt uiiplva»iDg item in the citaloKue of porfcc* 
liont lUinouooed to poor Charley, more especially from «ich hp«. He 
pulled his moufuchios about in n tnoM ungrateful way, for reuUy itwy 
wcrii Tcry ikcent on«», and very *e\\ /ilaiilct. 

Horn loM^ Charley mmtnurd in lliv lulks we don't knowi at all 
VVMitx he look n ride tliul nTternuoi) with Mits .Moiitcilli, and lie would 
haw bt'tii the simt ill-tcmpcrcd of oionala if he hod out l)K-n lu»t etery 
particle oran^cr: for Juhit rtMlv likttan mi^id <w^< doubt, by ihe w.iy, 
vbi'lhcr borw'iuii.iiiibip i^ an niigetic acconipliiJiitivut,) and nulled imi 
fa>ouraUy on the tofi-h<;aTti'd cornrl, that no young fellow uf ihrvv-and- 
Ivnty nwld bave felt atherirtse than ready (o worahip her with liia 
whole loul. 

On thvir man the) found Maruiaduke Wiliningtoii in tbe drawing- 

" He U devilish good-looking," thought Chnrlvy; " but ibra, hang 
it, he's old enuut;h to bv livr lulber, — pabawl Ae '* yrej/." But Cliartcy 
didn't feel comfonablc iioTirrttit-leai. 

" A unart joung fellow," ihuUKhl Marniadulce t •' and ibosc mniiii- 
tadiioa, too, are aalonuhingty nitraciirc to a country girl; but tbe» — 
pshaw ! these itii/ii never knnw how Id manage a woman." Nerertbelusi, 
Mr. .Mormadukv Wilcuingtao waa cootcwuv of a c«rUiD Ultle ouagiviog 
ia this vital matter. 

Wluu a clever little girl wns Julia Monteith I Who conid iptcaa 

■bich uf the two she preferred ? Nay. whoconld hav« giM!»cd UmI *1m 

kUrDd tho value of her ridiiig-nblp for dtbrr f And yet she did. But 



— tncrc]' on tu — nliat womuu i« deficient tn tsct in tbMv cftara ? Th«]r 
am ull pru'i'iiiiiiciilty hj-pocritvH, tin- liltlu dears, ol guch laoinvnti m 
thesK,— uid, of iruut*^. it'i iiuilc correct that Iliey should be la: 
•' muidt-Dly uiudesiy," " lady-like reseO'c," &c. 

At liiuniT Charley Spencer found out that Mxnnailukc mat Intlnidtu 
withu doxL-n Thendi of his ond warmod tu«anlf hitn a(-ODnliu[;ly. More- 
over, ho dUcovt-rrd tlinl lie; na* quili; o» emiranl at all mililnry acvia 
nnil iiiCM tandal; Iw found ihat b« ua^ a lirtit-raio tuorumsn, aud 
soinL>ihiij(r of a betitD<{-niaii, ncll -Mr to givi- him gmid information hiiv 
to mnkt! hii Utile invviliufiila on tin.' forthcoinmi! Cliesler C'up. A'.W. 
Thi« nun al^er tho ladici had mired, hDrw-iacing being only icse b«tn- 
blu thdii frFu-miigoory in tlu-ir rsii million. 

Tliftl *ame e*eiittig Charley ijjieiieer and Marmadjke WilmiitetoD 
wero OD appareutlj couGdinitial aiid cordial lerni. Julia b«haved m 
diicrovtiy, that Marmadtike abundoned alt fear of Charley*! rivalrf: 
while sh« talked with siicli frvcdoni and nbnencn of rcitcrvc to liin««lf 
that be full be was niiikiug way. On the other band, Charley luul rcu> 
lured once to qiiii her on hiT uppnreni proference Tor Wilmington, but 
her stare of asLoiiishniunt, acid lier littlv exclaniiition "Why, ke't ffrtj/f 
completely d(>1i^hU'd and rrastiircd him. It n true that be faained 
Maniiadiiku rather " Kpouney " on the fair Jiilia ; but feeling confident 
now of ihe imiiostiliility of his sufWB*, he rather eompa^ionated hi* 
rival. Ilv decrees, howcrcr, even this idea vorc away, and bo cleverly 
and prudiMiily did Maniiadukv Wilmington act ht« part, that not one of 
the party reliriil tu ruat thai night with lh« least guspidon of UmI 
worthy iiidividuurs feelings or dcnigot. 

A day or two ihu> iiiioKtd iiwiiy ainid a Kroat deal of elov or acting- on 
the part of Julia and Wihniiigloti, and violent alieonpta on (he pari of 
Cliurley Spencer to be cq^ually wclt-guardvd in his muoner: but be vu 
(oo young (at lesm for a luan) to do it well, so ihu his senlimciita were 
CQtin perceived by his cautious rival. 

i3uL, though Mr. Wilmington was tliua cautious in liia demeanour, it 
mutt not be ruppOMid that bi> hud at all abandoned hit, schemes, or that 
he wn> one whit (he leas eager in piirtuil of them. He was mvrely a 
akilfui gimeral hiding his tactics from the enemy. 

He and Spencor und the old baronet wer« lo^'ther in the billiard' 
room ono oVL-niiig; lbi--twi) furtner had played acouplraf games tti which 
Ch.^rluy bad been •hainet'ully beaten. The poor youth was getting into 
thai bopL-U-«s I'oiidiii'iii of rapturous luve whieli will not nilow its vioiim 
to do (inithing pruperly, or to ibink of any subject nnt immediately 
cuiUK-cLcd viLlh iliiclf. The baronet rallied him on bis bad ptav, and 
ctiallrngi'il liiui to a gaini'. Tho eliiillctigi'' was neeeptitl, and Mama* 
duke U-f\ them to i(.-ek the ladies in the d rawing- room. 

When be reacltul it, Julia wat there alone. .\nEpinoun moment] 
lliouglii Marmudukv Wilmington, Ex^., and, uf course, his colour ought 
to havB heightened, his puUe ought to have quickened, and he ought to 
have found hiniwdf unable li> lalk in his iLsual strain, &c ; all this being 
tho prescribed orthodox «ay for lovers to behave under such peculiar 
circuui»lanc«s. Itut he was for too coul a fellow to feel any ^ueh syin* 
ptoiDS of eicitcmenL lie kitd too ofUn t'laked u year's income on a 
throw of the dice, and hcpii it coolly raked up by the cnupier; ho had 
too uf\en watched ibe chestaul puking lis no^c by the winu!ng>po«t jost 
a-lMstd of the bay nhieb be bad bi-en backing to the extent of thoo> 



anixbi; naj:, be b*A ereu too ofVu •wii a inaii al Iwelve paoM Invollinj; 
B hair-tTi]{<;Grc<l pistol m his heat) in a ciu<^ of " lionounblu >Atiniiic- 
tion," U> ho cniily excited bv iridcs at any tiind. Therefore be droppi'il 
■jUMll* into a t«at near \\\bs Moninith,— not loo neAr, or that would 
have been impFnitictit : iiol too i>(T, or that would luve been want- 
ing ia Mrdiality and inlioucy. Thon lie eliattvd away on some oF Ih^i 
liitte cnrente of the i)i>y, till he anfully woiuid tlic coiivcniutioti raiinil to 
hiniM-lf, and candidly rjoiill-Hsed thai his wholt: objoci iu coming to Vcn- 
totn was to see htr — Julix Monluith — unci! niorv. 

Ww hale love ncciica and lovu api-eeheB must cordially, mo w* will not 
give our frieud M&rmaduko's. Julia w&t all coiiru<ioti and blusliL-« ; 
for, be a woman evtr «o elcver a laetidoo, n dowDright dcclaratioa of 
love graL>r«lly ihtuwa h«r olT hnr )];iiard, and inaket lutr n* liniid a» n 
baby> Siiffit:e il, howoviT. Iliat Mannadiilte w.ii liiiginnitij; to inti^rprct 
her blu«bc» and Ircmbliu^ faTourably. snd was waitinir for an anKWwr 
to lJk« tBporiaDt Question hr hnil jati ukfid, when Lady Vcntoni »aileil 
into the room, and imnifdiately al^er h«r came ilie baroixit and Charley 
Spenctri th« Utt«r looking rsihor angry ut tlie cIom prottniily of 
Mnnnniliil[r'*)i and Julia'* chalrL (It really svi-ni 3 m if chairs uiider- 
>iuud thiTM; little Mciinei, by the othcrwiic unaccountable nuuincr in wbicli 
they seem to gradually approach each other without any coiiicioti«ucas 
of B move on itie pait uf the siiters.) 

No doubl WiltuiiiKion «aa excccdit]);ty provukud by lhi» Riiddrn in- 
Ufraplioii, but ajiaiti bi« admtrahle «clf-con)ioaiid itood in his favour, 
aod oo one could have delected his annuynnce from vnicmnl Hi)(:ii». He 
uatctied his opponunity to f;ci a word of reply from Julia without buc- 
OMa, till at l<>Dgib ho eoolrived to nhiirpfr, a« he alood by her at the 
pUno. " Write lo me, to-night, for God's sake— if only oa« lino, — 
Will you?" No replyl 

Charl«y Sp«ncer sevmcd dreadfully abstracted at tinea during the 
•leninf;, and yet outraffeously ^ay tud noley wilbsL Julia sMined 
nDutualiy timid, but alill looker! *o nappy, that Mainaduke felt conAdeni 
of fcucwu. He parsed close to her once again, and pretendiaff to 
^^^abov fa«r an vtiftrnving, Miid, " Amw«r my i^uortion, will you ?" 

^y "Hush, jnw/' 

^^ Cool as ho M'ai, ho almoit started with delight; but be controlled 
L biiDKclf iu « luoiueul, and the evi-nia^ |uuH>d away uilhotit any further 
^K-OTont worth rcoording. As >oon as hv rotircd to hit own room, Mar- 
^^1 naduke lat is an easy chair, and gave vent to hi* satisfaction. 
W " Yet I yes! by Jove ah« taid M>. I'hirty lliousaitdl WliM a liH, 

^^ sfVcrtlut CDufuuiidcd loss on ihv Lircrpool Slccple-chaic! I wauled 
^^m • alait after the vile luck I have hod lately. I miii^t keep up a d««rnt 
^f -csLablishmont of course, for my own aake. But whfu a inun but my 
taeoir fairr, thirty thousand is a good three thouuud a year of iaooiue> 
Decidedly, I am a lucky fellow 1 " 

Such imd aioiilar wcro Mr. Wilmingto«i*s reflectionti. There wa« 
nothing in thvni touching the yuiiDg Udy herwlf. Mannaduke Wilming- 
ton aeldom troubled his b&ul about the happioexs of anybody, Mve that 
ma«t importaiit pemonagv, his own individual self. Juliia was simply 
tbt^ incaruaiiua of thirty thousand golden piece*— lie would bate pre- 
furreil iho latter itiiioul their it 1 carnal ion, but as it wa<^ he wu con- 
te-nicd to incumber himself for the ukti of tbo solid ulvauiiigca attend- 
ing hia ucrifice. 



Il» itl<-pl dolifrklfnllj-. 

Suti nuirniDtr a M-rwit enured his rmro hnrripillj', biiiJ awoke hiot- 

"Oood gracMUs, lirl — have you hrard tbc M'wk? Miu Julia '■ 

"Gon*!— whcwt" 

" Gone off with Mr. Spencer, sir, to Greuw GfeBOt — ncl fcere'fl a 
letter la you. nr." 

MknnMukc sciiMl ii, lore it opmi, wid muL 

" F(Hi[i»c me, my dear sir, if my reply wm interpreled wrongly by 
Tftu, as I frar it W. Whim 1 uiil •yet,' I ihaaphl your quMtioti m»», 
wliL-iliur I would urrii« to yout not th« oth«r qu«atton, which von 
honoun-d mo Ity addirHinK to rac. BriiCTv air, I fully apprraate uut 
honour, but the «ti.^ which I have now taLcn will of iia«lf ibow you bow 
impOMibIa h would hn*^ brtn fur tnv to do nor* than tbank you for ' 
your prcfcnitco, and usun; yi>u that I hope ««er to dtoervc your 
/rieiuttkip and esivcrei. — J. M. 

" The devil uk« t^icrybadyl" raar«d Wiltnbgton, lo ihn Mrrant'a 
intoiiic aUrm, and toning all hU Belf-oonuol. He paced the nan, 
nimott foamlDir with ng^ : III) ai length haaring Sir Tbonua approadi- 
iiifC, hfl rxertnt liimHtlf to be cool a^ain. 

" So the '• goa« I" cried the btuonct, rudiinf; in. " She 's gone^ lb* 
hussey t And she hns written to you. I bur. What do« tSt My la 
yon, Wilmin^on, fh?" 

A montriit'n n-flectiuu thuwed Msniiailuke that it would bo more gii- 
Hag to his vanity to let it b« known that he had been rejeeutrf, than 
painful to lot ADy oth«r aurminet be math-. He, therefore, (]u!«l)y 
(IrclinMl nUtinir the subject or oooienia of hia hater at «ll ; wfaenupon 
the baronet wan vory aavaf^o, accused him of being in the eontpiraej', 
ncid binttid that he trusted he would not prolonpr his visit at Veotoio 

Tliii flrftt truiii eoureyed the diKcooifurlPd rous to town, euraing km 
o«n folly by the way, and evtrybody and everything in a moat onorgMio 
raanniM'. He woiiiiimI up hit miacriet in theic words : 

'■ JiUwI — done oui of thirty Ihouuad ]iauiid« — cut out of ons of tb« 
be»l viHitiD^ liouMa in a hunting caiinly. — buuki-d ai ih« laugh !aa*atoek 
of oTery man who know* mi',~ and, worK? ihoii all, miuod tbe Chesler 
('up to-day, when 1 might have inade s little rooney to ooiuolc in« ! 
•^Whal '« ibal r " b« cried, as they aiopiicd at a station ?" 

" Ti'lpgrajihic diepatdi of tlie Chralcr Cup, Bir." 

'■ Who 'e the winner i " be asked. 

" Blucl>la«-i'i «r.'' . 

" Of caui!t«,— cocifiiuDd liiem all I — the very hont- I mrant In hack, 
—and Buch odds loo I — I should hnve pocketed cif^hi thouBand at 
loaat. And all this lost for a wild-guaic cha«c at^pr a cr^Ay, rlUwin- 
bling, little country wench, wlio prefers a popiitKjay'Coatt'd boy to a 
man like mo '. " 

Very had taite no doubt. Mr. Mtmadulic Wilaniigtoa; but tbo 
Iruih if, that with ail yaur cunning you had for once nuide— " A little 



BY J. jcmbbll; 



To t-SK ElMTOH. 

My AMR Sib, 

Vou will doubtltws miiicintK-r iliat a few inonlhs i^:o I bad the 
honour to Iro appointDil to tbi- proud position of " our own Reviewor." 
1 mutt tnaUy coafeift, thai, vhco lirst plxcud tn that giddy ctninctict.-, I 
wu t«n)p{f>d bf my vanity to inuntion tbo fact in sovenl clubs aud 
cot«Tic>, which I frequeoL I liar« learovd biltorly to repent my rneh- 
nrsB. Siivcc tbat fi»ul hour my privacy hu been iiivadi'd, my peace of 
mtnd disturbed. No rott " from muni ti> deny eve' Utu there been 
for "the lintinnnbiilar\ apjitiidapea of my ligniwus barricailo." 1 Ijave 
been csllcd on bv nuthors grcal and Htnoll — llie laitcr class preponderat- 
ing — eonifl of wnom Itavv timiight n)U book* that t1ii-y liavo just pub- 
liabed,— olliL-n tbo!i« wblcb ihej Iciiijt ago pub!ish>cd,- — others, aeain, 
nanuBcripta which (hey inlL-od to publish, — and one and nil nnv« 
lBod«tllf r^(]tiP4t«<l mc to '* ^vf A favournbli' tifltic« *' of their past, pro- 
sentr and future performances. Many have tli>lt«red, a few hav-e al- 
Icnpted to bribe, and some bare goac so far as to threaten me. I hare 
vwyttron; sutpidons Ibot a young mati, with a vild eye, pale com- 
plcsloo, long hair, aud a pointed bvard, «h<> in the author of a amall 
volume of poems entilled, " Itooom-biid!) and Heart -bloisomti " ii now 
lb* VMtim of a mononiftnia, which may lenipt him to ahool oie. My 
hoMK muit be iacr(a*«d to tbe iiixe of tint Britiib Muncum or RodU-imi, 
if booli« coniinne to pour in ai the ral« ibey have hitherto done. I 
hsTC received triiaabtlion* from moix* hiiigua^es llian were »|iol(eo under 
the lower of Babel —travL-U iu all eounlrips, known aiid uiileuown — 
trniisea on all the " ologiea " and "atomies "—(ierman roetaphysicB 
and Frmicfa Dovet» — St>nnanB, high- Church, low-Churcli, brnad-Churcb, 
elow-Church, and no-Churcb ; faniphlctx pubtiuil, polemical, and 
practical ; comedies that are sadly iieriout. and iraRedieB more lautlhlei- 
nioviog than farce. But the waste of tny own limR, nnd the dangrr to 
utj own life, are not tbe least among the p«in> and penalties of office. 
my domestic happinetia is Rone for ever ! There has not been a pud- 
diufC inadu or a slocking danied *ince my critical career commenced, 
My (birta are builonlvjt ; and at the moment I wriu-, my wife is weep* 
ing in hvr bedroom over llie third volume of a romance full of fine 
atarttio); im|>a«sibilitiD>, and oiy daughter making exlrncts from a paro- 
pblei by tbe Ker. Ambrose Fudge, *■ On llie duly and priviU-gca of cross- 
ing vouraelf (ami eti^rt/ti/rJ^ fite) whenever yoit may feel so inclined." 

Yon may imngliir, aidiiUI thii nover-ceoting arrivol of bookf and 
their author*, I have bad little leuurv to ful6l my nig.igeinrnt) to ymir- 
■elf. I have, nevertheless, stolen from my hours of rest some time in 
which to notiov bricAy (ht? Ut4'«l Horlts of two authors who havo nol 
called on me, whose i:ureer» are interesting, and whose preaeol utterances 
have nuraeted gpn«nil public attention. They are^ 

voi„ XXXI. y 



A Pq-duiUflal Hofrafh)', 

ft&d — 


An Uupirical HiMosy, 

mx KKACL SENOiri, a.r. 

Kow, as intrMliictory to a ^iIkjup on thcM tvo Work*, it woaM b« s 
T«r7 " correct thing," and ccrtaiiily not without prccedcRC. to i)UOt« ihu 
nnlcliratiHl maitini tliat " IlUtorj u Philosophy leachinj^ by ^Kaffipte;" » 
rvRiark Ubually atlributoO l>y ili second «nd third h.ind quoli^r* to Roling- 
broke, but ia reality borrowed by hin lortbhip, and with acknovh'dg- 
Dicnl, from Dionysiu* nf MalicamasHux. 1 may h«it«i-(rr, perhapt, ht 
(wnnittcd, oithuut expounding; thi« iritv nhfcrvntion, to give •onto ac- 
counl of ourtno biognph^rt, and tbeir wriliiig*. Mr J. Juinbcll i» 
ODC of the ho«t knawu, if nut oitis of tlio mosl f:iffloui sulhora, of lh« 
day. llv mny be dfKrib<vt ns belonging \0 ihv " H yper- Scotch -Germsa- 
lii|fh'intelle(tual-.tnti*verjiliing school. He in origins! almost to in- 
spiration, and eL-L-futric lo the very verge of madn«>i». As & writer he 
is eloqucnl end eamcat ; as a loacher iinsyitcm&lic and untotmd. Hif 
«KJicl place in con torn poraneous literature it is difficult to lix. Ffc is, 
perhaps, n sttmi-nrligioiL*, HMni-infidcl, sroui* political, semi-meUphysical, 
scini-hislori('«l, semi-critical, rhapsodical esEayiat — iho prose-prophet 
Icador of the (jennatiPS(]iie eloiiduoniju'Ilint; danti of thinkers. He hiu 
mad«i audacious innovatious on our InuiVi languAgc, which mitfit griere 
the glioat« of Swift and Addison, nhile, could wc summon (rota the 
vasty deep the shade of Dr. Johnson, it would with thin roici> »MtIp thp 
ninttpr, " Sir, the man** an idiot." Nfr. Juuibcll t» ihc aullior of tctt 
many and hoicroccneoui hooks. They may bL< i^aid It} bo " dc ouimhui 
tdUis i-t qiiibtisdani nliie." He has played the part of re«iirroclioDist lo 
a gn:at rcgicidi; — pwiin'il n long rhapfody on a g'nrai revolution — 
abuicil our aristocracy — laudi'd the middle agns — deified hraUvforcc, 
and written pampblois which neither he nor any one cite can eompnv 
hond. Enrlii-r in hi* cnrctir Im coiilributml lo the " Centura Trimn- 
tris," or nine llevicir, a Heries ofarlicIcA, which he afternrnrds repub- 
lished, and which of all his works I have read with the greatest plH- 
•uro, but whicli, bncnniie free from hii u»ual nionilrnnities of tilylo, Iw i* 
wont to speak slightingly of " as my grandmother's English." His 
last lucubration is particularly inlerostin^, inasmuch ns it marks an 
epoch in his mental progreii, and proves that, bowovcr he may have 
been hillierto n^stmincd by doubt or caution, be has now become su 
wise and courageouii as lo ailack nil creeds nnd formulatMii, Slid almost 
in as many words to drelart! that he ia n helivrer in all unbdief. The 
book, though profesfiing to trace the career of another, is, to a great 
extent (itr/o- biographical. It might, perhaps, be called " Quorum par* 
magna fui;" or a work lo my own praise and glorv, and shows rery 
clearly the importance of a man to himself. 

It ti not tho first time that the life of John Sluuning ba* been writ- 
ten, A dignitary of the Church, whose orlhodony has been unjustly 
suspected, and whose orthography bas been justly censured, published 
the remains of this gif\ed young man, and prefaced them with a memoir 
vbicli subjctUtl its author to the ntercifiil revitlngs of cerlaio meek men 



who trritai^EiCbtoiiS M<-vr(ui|kti. Thf fault uf tKat luenwlr w.u ihai 
it b lite htriarj- of* mcla|>by!i(cal vud-doc, wiih a fhooloxical tJD-kctilv 
\i»A (u hin uit, and th'u. Mr. Jumbell nuuld U-ll u», i> s falH> und inadf!- 
qunle ricM oTttie U)ftu> Wrv will, lioirc^'or, without rurtlii-r remark girr 
to our natirt tongue, not in Mr. Jiimlmirs Ucrmanvsquc, thu priucijiul 
liicideiiU in Siunuing'S life, — a carver, you will, my dear sir. obu>rve lit 
be M «i.LrauT(liaar7, bo chc(|ii»rcd with adventure, su full of novcliy 
and iutcrcst, oj to tiK-itt two biographies. J. S. wiu tbe son of liu 
(lantiit*. He was born, nnd what i», jn-rliaps vvt-n mom siogtilar. ho 
died. We bave every- rr-aton to bclievi- lliat li« u'lti buptiM^cl ; ilist ho 
wore pinafun-tt uotil advauceil to ibo dijfnity of breeches ; thst he vcut 
ta »ehoaI. ^Vc Icdow tbat he jiroccvtb-d thvnci! lo College, whence, 
with come ilegrc* of coolatis*, lie departed without taliiog any di^ree. 
Hl- km a gxetl lisbt at "the Shout-aud-Sianitncr Debating Club," 
where be utonished " Itojuanot reruiii duniinu*, geiiU'nique logouiut." 
which ma^ he intrrprnlcii ibc * Puae^'tte Uoiia and the lJ[i<iei^[radiint4'a,' 
by his daring ndicalism. He next resided in Liondon. y\>\:K \\c mado 
Kvenil b4>avy Mntribuiions to light liierAiuri!. IK< wsh the founder of 
a *oci«tT aftrmards i»lli-d " thi- SluiiuJng Club.'' 1 bi> «xi n kind of 
frtr-aixl vn»y for i-inbrjo-bishopii. ardideocont, M.I*,!, and aiiibors, 
iiher« lbc-»c great iDcn were used lu diw'UKK carioiiH topi««. aad gTacft- 
fullv unbend iofWc nociid iiii^rrcourse aa they smoked t)ie pipu of |>eiic«, 
and drank ihc beer of ctiDtentment. It has, bowcvcr, iu conseqiimt*- 
of the prae^cet into ■hich thoy fell, and Iho daiigeroiia opinions thtsrv 
prumulg^atrd, been suppresaed h^ acl uf Parliatueut. It ii> by some xur- 
pected tbAl ihr I)elltng>oScvH and Casinos, which now spring up iit 
«rery eonief of the oietropoU*. were there first projected. 

Ilut lo r«iarn lo Stunniog. Aflcr lur bad publiubcd a novel, which 
Ml dtud fropi Llit> pir««, and KOitie pcii-iiu \thieh nnbody read, lie em- 
barked in an intanu palilleai projrel, in which. lhoii);h hv did not, he 
deserrod lo h»Te lo«t his life. He married — irandered about iu icsarcb 
of bsallh, — sMDis to Itave walkctl, inlLed, tlcpf, me, nnd drank very 
much like other people — aod finally UnX orders in the Cburcli of l^ng- 
Und. Ho i* datcribcd by bin biogr.ipKer a\ brilliAiit in conversdttou ; 
thoiiifb not onv bumorouo or uitty wyiag uf hi* is rvcorded. These 
very iMMiibly may have Im'l-ii ilesitgiit'dly ^uppreiised ; and ai Mr. Juw- 
bcll ihrcAleofc liie world viib loiue poithumou^ poetry of Mr.Slunninit'e, 
be may, ptrltaps, a]*o edit his jukes. A cnppWiuiin to Juo MiIUt 
i> a desideratum in literature. On Mr. Siiiiuiing'B, an one occuuun, 
objccUnf! that some "opiuioa of Mr. Jumbcirs wsr PanibKnxa, Mr. J., 
witb kit acciistoRied humour, rffptifd, "What if it nerc J'«ftboi«Kir 
Tlus, as of couTMi it waa biiihly calculated to do, much amused Slun- 
ning, and hia apprecioiioo of it shows that be bad indeed a rery kei-n 
sMW of Iho ridiculuuH. lie appeori to have btico orthodox euough 
untU he wa4 so forninalc as lo mecl with the philosopher of ChrpM«. 
This Kreat ntati >bs so kind as to auist Stunning in sbsking off cm-ili 
aod Jormtilahefl na improper chfck* on mental ii)dep«DdeD«e. ll is. 
Beverlhetess, my firni conrtcliuu, lliot iu spite uf these aids to inletlee- 
ttikl emaucipt.on, J. Stunnini; died, as for the greater [lorlioii of hi* 
lifo he bad lived, a Mncere ClmBtUn. Beside (he unr«ad Itomimcr 
and Podrics, ho was an occosieoal contributor to tli« '' Slew and fvti-ailv 
Reviev," and also lo tbe " Free and Forcigit-lhinking QunrlOTly." 

In Ibene arlicles of his there is a manifest imilatioo of the slyli> 



of Mr. JiinilicU, which ntny account for tito philanaplicr'a warm Ailroi- 
rKtion or thi> yovDj^ roan. Vou ruud bave olM«rvc<l, riv <)car >ir, 
vbxt K baneful infiumce on literature this Efitrai of ktviIo imttalion 
is vxvrmintE. Crrtain Munll author^ now n ilnyi. out-Junibvll Jum* 
bi'll in rcci'uincitjes of ekpresaion. With iheni all a^jcctivps may b* 
uwd in the superiaiitre degree. Everything ia " world-widr," vvp 
German >r n Hr-aTrn-tcnt " grcat-tliinktr," or a prophet, or a prictt, < 
somvthin^ vi ttic ujiX; and iiuch conipoiiud aubnantivca as "timi 
betpbts," " famc-tempWs," &c., mwl tbe readN in every page uf iboic 
iiiv*ti« voliitnc*. So much fnr ibc wrruna preu*, vho worsbip and 
inlioiK tlir f;rrat thicker. One more r«n»rh on tbe book itself. 1 
bate b^en aalced by many friends, in nho«e sound judgmont nnd good 
•ensn 1 liavr tbr gn-nli-M conliclcnoc — " Wbv was this life t^rr pub- 
Kshrd at all? Did Siunnitig write, say. or do aoylhiiig which Tcry 
many other dcrer youni; iiif'n have not written, said, nod done? 
Whnt demand for Mich a book was mitAr by the pulilic ? What «b>> 
a|>poiiiliu(-iit would have been manifested had it ncrrr appeared?" 
But in this enlightened age of discux^ion, common sense ie tl>r virtue 
of the slow mid the aeedy. Awur with it ! There is a budabl« deaii 
to Icnow everything aboat everybody, which mutt be indulgnl, and 
craving after ori^nnlity, which, howevar morbid, must be sAti*fie<l bj 
l)i« great tbinkiTH. 

J dismiai the work, with this general and guarded criticism, tliat the 
booh, wuutd have been better had tbe author taken more pain*. 

1 must now notice with brevity the " Life of tbe Duku of Sfnitb." 
Thi« iKkok I would fain sptalc {[cniiy of; it bat been so rongbl^^ 
hasdled by some of the UevitMua, li presents, in aome rrtpt'ets, a ^''^^l 
atroDg uod pleasing contrast to the lucubration of Pliiloaopner JutsboR^^ 
Though the author was one of tbe chief personage* in the scenes 
described, he ii never egotistical, and its tooe is co modest and gooA- 
tiatared that, had it been pubUahcd anonymaiiElv, we should have b<«Q 
quitu at n Idm to know to whom to affiliaio this progeny of the hrain. 
I*racl Il(-t;ani, It* brilliant, author, has hitherto been so addicted to 
saying savage things, and ih mi junity famous as a writer and fpeakirr uf 
the smash and spatter style, that on this occasion blstnmcness ii sback- 
ing to me. Ilr in, however, now in a position in which it is sonicwbat 
tiniiortant to be popular. He has in his orations quite abandoned thoM^ 
"Sadler's Wells sarcsKini and melodramaiic maUgnities," with whicb 
he used to oMail his antagoniMv, and In this work hss entirely laid 
aside that unwary pleasantry which krpt friend and foe alike in tiUr 
mnd waxed so sweetly amiable on a tudden, that almost any one «h 
oontull* thi! linnlc will hear of fomething to his advantage. M«D| 
rears ogn, when the fiTvour of youth urged him. as it did Mone 
in c^efe* iaoiiot, lie (lublished aaooymously "tl)c Epistlca of l*uiin] 
head." They were a dashing Imitatiein of Jonins's lettem ; hut wi^ 
jiMl (bis diifercnce — that they were more scurrilous and less wiuy. 

In these Epistles he lampooned ev<ny public non of the tUy, wil 
tbi; exception of a choteu few, whom he flstierod in torms of hit* 
adulation. Among tliu grateful reciiitccils of his panegyric wa* 
IVhgnas Grand. Mr. Beuoni had launched hii political ei>ck<[ 
under diflervnt auspice's, but he for many years »hovicd a strong dii 
lion to filUcli hinuwif to the parly, if not tbe cahind. of toe 
Cotton Uarouet. Now, though Sir Magnus had, according to Mr. 

"b dutgvrout H]rnip»llty with ihe creatiouB of otben," be cviac«d no 
defire to idupt thi> theories cf Mr. Beaoni. The mind of tliU practical 
statesman shrAnIc from probltMn* of political rconoiiijr, propounded 
in tlirrr vuliimfi] Romances, in nbicb a chief pcrsoiii^fc is a Jew 
mUtionaire, vbo i« omniscient, if not omnipoimt, and in which real 
lire Udi«8 and ^entlcinrn, n)io are to lie nit-t tliia tieasoa at ItalU 
lo Dclgraviiii are Cniricaturcil without, of course, any riolalian of taitc 
or Kood feeling. It vas tniil of two of lliv Gnvk dratiiAiiuiM, Hint 
ouo painted men oi tlit^y ouglit lo be, and another a.s tijvy were. Mr. 
Bcnoni has <xlip»rd them bolti, for he has painted men at llicy caonut 
be. wkk-li i» goiog a step farther, either to tlio right or the wrong 

Sir Magnus lived to feel the la»h of the man whose scrticcs lie 
had not aceepled. Tho rejected friend bccatno lint miccexitiil fou, 
and 4Mr. Benciai at length van({uUlied Sir MaKuut in the very place 
where he had so long reigned supreme. The progntis of that 
victorious stni^Ie is the main subject of the hi*torieal hintory. He 
ho* banded down to |ia«terily the chu.racter of l\%e Buronet-luoder 
in Molencea which will never be fotgotten. They form part of the 
book shuse faults and m«rile it is my duly (« mention. 

Its good points undoubtedly are, thixt it is good-niLltired and candid 
ihnHigbout, in style excellent, and disfigured by no Jumbcliitc imitatiuns 
or cxiravagancies. It is pure, racy, idiomatic Eng1i*b. 

lie faults are that it b over long — too minute in details of Par- 
liiottHilarT tniiisaclJOQS— and that it introduceii, at least, one of Iho 
ihrec-volumvd-roRUiDco tbeuries, which, I hoped, hod died »iniulta< 
i>Eou;ily witii the sarcasms. Il is pruscatcd here with a show of serious- 
ness and ai^tneai in a more mititrvd and Doxtoiis form of error. 
Mr. Bcnoni bnng himself of the Hebro-Cauoauau »»■, and having, 
notwithstanding a few failures (I wont mention the thundering epic 
with its more thundering preface), a very ftrm coiiGtluace in ItiK own 
aluliiies, appears lo think thai, because in>|iiratiuii woa given lo soiue 
of bit race who were to be the vobicEes of truth to the world— thai 
inspiration has lasted amonn them, and that nil of the Jen family 
are Heaven-sent statesmen, lleaveu-laiight artists, writers, speakers, ttc 
iodecd, I am afraid he may iniaginc thai he is himself uDuer a divine 
aflbilni when be is selling the House on o roar by the sallic* of bis 
wit nnd fancy. 

Mjr uncle, who is a quiet orthodot clergyman, nol prone to dog- 
laaluw, infornied me that he ibooght tho Mcbro- Caucasian chapter 
blasphtrmous, and upon a eareful review of it I am inclined to agre« 
with him. 

Mr U. b u mueh attaehed t« raer*, thoi^jh in s different sons*. 
as ibe nobte auhjoct of bis memoir. 

The book is loo much mode up of extracts from the debates. A 
liuetioDt friend made the fbllewing conundrum on It, which you will 
agree with mo is very bod. Why is Benoni's a successful work? 
Because it's entirely owtrerecf (Hansard). 

I can only recooinictid that the nest edilioa \je curtailed, niid thai 
when next Mr. ttenooi I'avouo the world with a book, liv will iMrt be 
lea» brilliant, ipiilo ai amiable, ami ttiurc oithudoi. 

The knocker is going, niid so am I, 

Vuur alBiclvd Corrv>vou<kaU 



ion r^'^i^ ^-^xj;^ bnoe Utts 'Jam. B^:«- Bnidcr. This ptofcnnd 
TC_i--^«:c»fr iz.i iir-:':>i:?:i;:«K'£ «;i:'iicr «-««? W w^ ^^ tt emsnt to 
iu-T; :■■■•" ie:c'<^i mc ::« .ji* a iseixuiK arg rf t3 ihmt is vhimncal. 
im -^'■•. Bill ie:*4. h afuri^ r«i'»*i. Hi« #T?t«n kcs bwn 
t'in£»-.-T BsmaiffT^ '■:■:. L-i TtTr^-arcri-t k & Tis-waiT gth t m e . tbc 
afSiT"- :f »fcKa ■» j- *.: tt:^^ lii ii-c-^rfey c/ vxteiul olijtcts; 
»ir-«ia - Tia :>.jwji ul Tr_x»-i;r<i*ti f:c lit «i|t«» pvrprae of 
'•■• ' ---r-r -•■jr TC-L'S-iit' -win:* JaTTra: iksSer-. ia :be jifcilwrflucil 
«:::sr :;' iin » '-£, y:r .1* 5-ii2ai3:c. =i; it £i« arcTWt all the otgcctf 
-r T^ T*:r:«-c'n:f ^": ».:!i-'Ja» a«i«m^— At nmv sbxlovs m the 
i=-t:-.'«r-'i-i LDi z^TW-'^rri'rtif u^artrpal send rf real ihii^^i^ vfaoee 
nr^ <i,*M=« ^f ■-!■=* ?r^:A;« =>m^4r «^ dmNnstraDoa ; ■ 
F.j.:i=. »ij:* .■■Tv-^.sT 7i7«jci t* wiie i &f4i for <crf*in5in as cut be 
Wi. :—tf=-.-'-. Tzti ■Ti-^'^f ;:' ■T'^ -.«nr«TCJn9 Iwias. br it, ■rnhmd lo 
1 jt;^;:^; ■ -i liss^-Trirr. t ^*tt *cjt.: cxMtKr oif insmnitT would 
Kii.-*- !r ceil li T:jr-—.ir^^ w.-± -^-r rfw^s; ■ ccasKp^otv that did 
Dc: **.-aT^ :i* «Ti:t=-. f* :f Bcrie'*T. i^^xaefa it had el'jded that of 

Ti.;-i «-zii'.ir ni:ia7c<«i-tr-«i:<; oi ti* ttKnop's desen seems to rest 
on ;h* r^fn: y^s li-::; x-i ; "^i". iie «T^-*e of fiH^mt^ieml matter, and 
he va$ liadeT^o'd is iKUia^ cf 50<i!«tbii^ e««ntiaUT difieml: popu- 
lar matter, or Kuy in e«s«ni : that is. cfasiienA aput fimi it^ par- 
ticular existfDce& Thai <uch a miicn)CPf4ioa dioukl haT« arigm, and 
lili recently it has rareiy littri qQes::w.evt, teems almost miaccoantable, 
serini; that he ^ai s ex[^r«^s^K i PriDci|>Ies of Haman Koowledge, xxxrii.) 
" If the T<->t\l tubttmn be taken in its vulsar sense, for a combination 
of sensible qualities «ich es extension, w>tidity. weight, and the like, 
this «o cannot ho accuW of taking awar. But if it be taken in a philo- 
sophical K\\S4t, foi the support of accMeDls or qualities irilkout the 
iiiiiiil. then indeed 1 acknowled^ that we take it awav." And, sin- 
culuHv enough, this erroneous view of his s}-stem has b^n entertained 
Wih liv the learned and unlearned. Not oiilv has it been enunciated 
hv cien'-day people, innocent of meUphvsits, who never having read a 
line of iiis intings, in all the confidence of ignorance scruole not to 
receive and transmit the current phrase, "the <eep(»ai/ philosophy of 
HiTkoU'v ;" but also by those who have either undertaken formally to 
refute his doctrines, or* have run a tilt at them hy way of digression 
from the straightforward course of their own speculations Both classes 
agreeing to exhibit him as a legitimate, one would not perhaps say, 
Inughing-stock, but more mildly, occation for lips philosophical and 
otlitTwiso being wreathed into smiles of luild contempt and self-com- 
plncunt superiority. 

llt'id has, as wo think, grossly mibrepresreted Berkeley. Dugald 

Ijustii . 
rork which, though it suiiicicnlly manifests the wnter's mcompetency 



ior his. aeU'impomal tattk. yet leaves u|n)ii the mind of Ibc rimiler u 
feeling of tnujua I ifi<H) ^urpriiic at it« beiug nn badly done. Tlu critic 
might at kttft liikvi.' Let-ii itrcwuned capable of uudor&landjng bin author 
— ibe minmium ol' qualiticalioii Tor a dis.|)utaiit — lliough liv iiii^ht bo 
Uttrrljr lltuililc to cuiitravi-rl liu pcHiitiuiia. lIuL evun tiii* won imliKtblj- 
not the casei and iii wntiii}; auainsL Ucikeley, Ueattir has onlv sliown 
bow entirely Iil' had mi>;Iak<'n oit^ own iwucni ami vocation. l)ih book 
«c cotutidci BU uiiforlitiiati- one Tor bis Teiiutalion. nolu iUiKtundiiig (.be 
high degree of liiTnur it bus enjoyed i a favour that nia) he sccouiitcd 
for by I ti4i plouing and ]iii)>ii1nr f.l\lf. in wbtdi tliv Sct>(ch pK^fo^ior 
^vo uttifiuioe to the ^(.'itenil iniiieiiiiut'iilioii o(. and coiineijuisiit leL-ltnir 
OKuiuEl, the systi'in of llic Iri»h biiJiap. Tbv "Eiway on Truth 
(linuld now, however, Ix* i»tinuiti^d at tt» just voIul-. Tbc t^kgaiit, but 
tt iiiu«t be 'fuid. filiallow doclor, like a beautiful, Ewifl-Kailing vachl that 
hkimti lIw wttterttiutil irliccis in gnicvful eirclvH likv a, i<vu-uird, ia no 
Riat^-li for lite .ilaleiy mai^^r-war, nloii^ido nhicb hti bus uIioscd (o lay 
LiiiiiElC ill (bo mniowlint [>rc«uin|rliH>u» bopo of sinking it by n broniT- 
bide from bU |io|>-guii» '. wliioh truly iiiaikv u most alflrarm^^ rviiorl, and 
iiiiffbt in all prohibility blow a coclcto-^cll out of the iratcr, (bough 
ibcy Imvo iiut ibe sinnlli'irt vbiioi.v of diiiiinginu; tho towering Btnwluri; 
KMintit *lucb tlit-ir bariiilcM rugt; is iliniclcil. Xc tinlor—iiu: linciot 
would liavc stuck lo liis iiouln' auil le/Ui ItUra, instead of iiit-wldling 
«illi such «ten) >ttiff. It !if alniii,> iininful to wi.' a tnuii of utit|Lii.-!ili<iu- 
able Bt>ililin> so coin|ilcldy itii>t^klii(; Iht-ir propter direction. tEtltui^ so 
heililcsaly out of his de|'>th. na llf<e^ poor Ueallie on tUix ciM!af.inii. 
That Frederic .Schle|(*l xhuiild biive fulU'Vcd in tli<; wnktt of ibose who 
(hu9 ini-^onecivt'd the leanicd Irisliniun, certainly fills us with un- 
bounded jiiUcini4)mcnt. 

or biti) }e>o, u di"iiositioii bn^ niiLnifeilvd itself toward* a jujtvr 
aiii|>n'ci)lion of tbc great and trwd Berkele*. Each adjective isem- 
(.lalieallv liii duo. A writer iu "Bluekwood's Maaawne," 1642 — Mt, 
iMinuel Bailey, if we luiMakc not — socmod to be Ih'C tirrt wbo aiiiiouncc^l 
n iiitcrprcliitioti of bis peculiar doctriD«a ajitiruucliitij: (hat vbich we 
lud ouFiulvc^ been »t>nl to put u|Jon tbeiu. Mr. G. il. Lwwo* followed, 
and KiihMri]Uenlly, Mr. |tobi.Tt BIuLcy. 

t'of ouikIvi's w« must own, that we were earlv inspired wilb a 
cordial Aduiiwtioti of tbo liidiop ; the nioia so, porehaiicci, ibat till wc 
'woatiie oviputinU-d with hiii mriliiufs, we bad duW credited what wa» 
,i)U U!^— that bo Mas a driiiiner wbo had pbiliisophiiied auay tJiiit whidi 
ntankin'l bad evi-r, on tbc; Irxtiniony of (Wir M-nMv. most devoutly 
iM-dieved : ibat they taie tbc &uo, and .-ikiec, aud blue mountains ; biuidled 
' ma Jifte chain and lIlltlL-^ and rcLcivcd real blowi from rtui sticks and 
Oiicf; ilie wbole binug wound up vilb the well-kmiwn "im-mutter- 
j-rkehj " story ! But nbat a world did they open to our young, aud 
iinpn-MttMiablc niiixl. We tbouf;ht ouru-lvi« in ParadiMi, vnlnnced 
like our (ir«t parent, wWn his lui/kily cold i-e|)tt»t was lell no long luw 
tourlKd, while be huag oil tbc sweet inufic of asgeliu apeucb U ia a 
dipntsion. hut it occurs to u* lliat, hud it bpen a hot uipner, Eve vould 
have lake eurv not to let bcr cookery siMsil for anybody's talkiii^. 
flow did Ihev eiicliaiu us by tbcit wied fulness, boauty, aud pmdiual 
wbdom! Tlterti was Ibe {■'li^piciiouK olv^ani.'V of bis dinloguca; the 
probuod aud far-Mcinj^ wimIoiu of hia micrisi ; a fuud upon which 
writer* of pohtiual and Klucalionul coutributioiia to our niodvro 

|l null 



I writer* oi 


I pemxlic&l litenture have not tnaptiv clnwn ; and above all, tbmrva* 
[ihi aNsnifiMBt I'latonisin (we should tither »y Ptctautat) of his SJrn 
««UiA Mginainp vilh tBr-mter. tin good buliofi's baU>]r. gndiaUy 

rises. ID s stmip of {uamttng upecuU-tion, froni ibftt hamfile ooarce, 

to wlut nrham to our scbetcr rieiiG, Uicki not unlike a lart of Pan* 

' theism, Uuugo on* of the most noble uid deratini; diameter, Un- 

L donbtedlj one of the cbarma of Sirt!^ to a mind Trhi^e j^nulhfulnesi 

^iMj WMhilc those habita of ricid and nomxt thongfat, whidi will «t 

once oelMt (he fubtlm boundnT; line Iwtwct'n tretb «nd error, is Ibel 

tli^ht tend«nc}' to the emaDatii-e svstem which it exhibits. A nstrm 

ifael maj be s|iok«i ores a spknfid error; one (hat lat? boM oT the 

' speeulalm nitid. in v^ile of iha crAA jud^ent Txtmoiincing' ngaioA it> 

claims; and thai leaves the voutUul student, as he etruj^es agalusi 

ib wilding-, half wishing thai it were trur. &t1«1ct'« aruma mmui*. 

however, i* a v*t>- diflen*nt on« from that of the Pon'tbcists j it might 

be bcllrr m(|ireMH as anhnia laimdL 

U must ic bottie in mind thai we are not about to cuter on a 
dotailrd i-xnminatiAn of the whole of his arstem, nor to prove Ha ;i^rfMt 
oousi&lciicv t)>iv>Dgticul- Our sole dcMfpi ts t« exhibit vhat his *\e<m 
Koi\y wiv ; aiul llist for the paijwse of allowing tlie injtislice of that 
ehtMD of wvpliciun, aa (o the tew exuitenoe of tlic objeots of mn fft- 
eetfiipM, whicl) hfts been so eommonljr brought ar^in^ him, with few 
Slid iiicoinpk^tc exoeplioii!), tram his own time to the pretenL 

Ilia leading |>o«ilioct i!^ that ideas have no existence out of nitnd. in 
' vhifh thrj- inhere as their iwo|ier vubstaiicc. If wc were to write Ihe 
' word ill its origiDOl form, skWqiu, it would make the matter clearer. 
Am) ihJK has generally hocn assumed to uteoii, out of the pcrci)iie»t 
hiiMiati mind: onerroiieouarvnderinc. wliichvc would mntk as aObnliiig 
nnne GX|)lanii()on of the severe anJ unmerited cennin* that hag hem 
h(W|ied upon bin i^stem ; adiiutting. at the same lime, that aome of his 
ciprcBfiuin, takou alono, may appear to countenance it. But bis meon- 
iaif, as ho esplictUy wyi, ife, that things liav#- no existence out of the 
Ktdnial Mind : or, in other words iiidepeiidetit of God. .4i)d it mnst 
not bo forgotten, that to con»tiue an <;i|uiv[><'ftt cxjircs^ion, as coiitm- 
diotory to lui explicit one, would be n direct vioUition of the rules of 
legitimate oriticiBui. 

" The nucftion," he sajs, " between me and the matcrialiel« ii^ not 

wbi'ther tBinsa have n real extstciicc out of the niiml of this or that 

|N<nH>i), but whether Ihi-T have an absolute oxistence di&tinct from being 

pffi^tivcd by (lod, and exterior to all miiuls." And Bgain, ' the only 

thing wlioM vxi!«ti!iicc we deny, i» that wliioh philowphen call matter. 

or corporeal wbittaiico " (tiub^^tans). Sentences that must surely have 

hreii m-rrlooked W many of his critics. Pn.'^agcs siuiilar to tli{-»e might 

Im* mulli|>li»l. Now.iu is well known, aocordiiig to the sohenie to which 

li)' w<i» Dpposol, mutter, or cor]M>real Bubstoncc, was in fiict abuost, if 

not ijuite. eijiial to tjod — n sort of rivul god. Qualities proper to Deity 

weru Mllributed to it — eti'niity, independent exisleiiee; and it was 

d^'ined the ngirWiTj'jr niiin' auo su|>pnrt of ptxriioiiienn: the indepen- 

drnlK riiiting rough material, of which the mighty l/trd of All hod but 

ihc fH^liiofiing, tStSic external world. .\nd we find (his objwlioii. that 

Mteh a ■yitteni HUpposes two goilN urged ngiiiiixt it by lliow Cliristian 

aulbon who wrote in oppoattioii lo the old hrikUii-u materialists. Ter> 




tultian (Atlvereus Hfrniogeiies) says — " You nscrilje oteniily to matter, 
nnil iLtii'lA invest it nilli the miritniK's of C<h1 ;" ami " tlmt Jiwtriiie " 
(lli« t^crnily of nialttr) " iiloccs matter tm nn equality with God." 
Wbilp the mBgiiificcct adiTitidn in Ibc Nicene cread — " maker of 
1iea>cii^ and vartli, onti o/aU rttnyn vimhU and invifiih " — mi»y I«^^^lll[)» 
not unrasoDabty l<f »ii|){»o»e(l to have bad u ilcaigtied teferencc to thia 
oootrovcny, u il UiMi [>r€»eiit«d itwlf. 

But not onlv wiw nutli a scheme prorane, it wng, intolcntlily nbmnl, 
as itivolvttig a iki^l ofcontnulidioiiti; for tlie ilefiiiitinii of )ihilo!topbical 
uiaKer. ajnounts to m (It^firiition or^nnlbiiigl as in well ahonit in the 
"Dialogues." wliicb cotilain tbc Ciillt^t cxpi'sitioii >if IVrkclcy's Joe- 
trinos. Il ifc t-lrippeil of all BfiisiWe ()until ies. and, of course, can b«\'B 
no iDtelligiblc ones i llii» sail* " nothing "- tbat which can neitluT Iw 
apfnebenSed by sense nor inlclliict, ik. to all iiilt-nts uiid jitirpows, 
tuMinff— being Bsaignetl OAlbc grouiiilnrsll the RtlV'clion» of our senses, 
m% lh€! f'diciRtit cauae of those divers imprrwioiis which mak^ knowti to 
us tlio csisteoco of an fxlcrnnl ami SL'tiNitilt- nortil. Tnily matter was 
in cril cbn> tii the lt)!<bop*s Iiand5. Fuitlier, thuii reduceil to a itoii- 
«:nlity, bow was its pxistcnco to Iw demonstrated i We did wrong in 
raying such a system Iisl to ticeptivism ; for tbcy who dcliltniUly and 
uiidi'r>tiiriiliiiijly embraced il. must liave been niilowcd with an ntnount 
of ctedulllj far lranv:;eiiJini; tiiiyUiing of which wf could conceive, even 
in oui iDost inM^inulive iiioineuUi. To make a grsluitous assumption, 
the prop of this wondrous world ! 

It waa against tltti — Uli-ndly non-Kenxi- — tlmt Ili-rkfdvy winlc;. Not 
affaiDSt line vxi^lvnce of moltt-'r, if matter be luken o» the |j|«iieric- name 
0? sensible tbiog*. Popularly It is so taken ; and lieiicf> the fiopulvr 
misappreheaaon that ho — dtmying the rxislirncc oi'maitrr — iIcMiied that 
ofKUMblc Ibinir^ But bow came ibc {iliilosopben who JliiII with his 
works, to take ihis leaf out of the buok of llw vulgar ( 

Tlw definition of a writtir's ti^riiis is one e.'wcntial towards bis being 
undentood, Beikelcy took cure to deline his. He tells us tliat in hrs 
vocAbulaiy tlie word idea, stands for thing : so that tlie propot^ition 
" there a nothing in the world but ipiriL*, iind iden^" amounU lo ttitu — 
llierc arc only thing? perceiving and things perceived; or, that every 
inilhinkin)jr boiiig is necessarily, and from the iialuw of its existciicc. 
perceived by aome mind, if not by a Suite, cmatcd ono, by Llie indnite 
mind of <iod. An nfiinmition which we think few will deny, seeing il 
ia aiinply Muivaleiu to thii — that cri-atcil ihinutt have no ii'idqiendenl 
cxiiitencc. The following extiads in whieh Inc italiea are our own, 
will be fuuixl a eorrect, though brief compeiidiuui of the Disliop's vicurs 
end omimetit. 

" That there is no MibsUmco wherein ideas can exist besides spirit, 
■9 to tav cindent. And that the objects inuuediatety pca-civiMl are 
idc«t, is on all hands agreed. And that sensible qualities arv objculs 
imniedialely pcircriii^d no one can ileny. It if Ihcn-fttfw ^villeut there 
con be no euiMtnUitnt of UiOM {|ualitieii| but spirit ; in which l)i«y e\isl. 
not by wny of mode, but us a thing perceiveil, in that whieh petceivea 
il. 1 deny, ihcrcfoTv, that ihcru i» any unthinking *iili«lm/um of tbo 
objects of sense, and, in tAai ib^cvpfufton, Otat t^-e U auy vnUoittt mi' 
ttanet. Uut if hy )naUria( tt^atanee bt nteani oit/y sauiUe body, Uktit 
wAkA u at*n auiljeii, liru I am. atore certain a/ maUtr'* exuteuev rAon 
ymi. IflbL-mbr aiiylliiiig Uwl niukesthe generality ofKiaiikiiHl iirerw 

(ttm Uie notiOQS I os|MtusB, k U a wuMopprAfMaim Uial ( Jaiji ihe 
rmalkn efmuSbU Urngt," Surrly a KiiUsnoe liki> Uu« het ^ould Imvo 
firc¥nit«il the current pcncnHOn uf his doctrine*! " 1 tin Uirrcforo, he 
oautiuues, " uscrt ibsl I un u ociUia se of my owu being ttiat tlirie 
ue U?d*a. or orporat nitbtneu, HeoMi^ tlicr tliii)};s I perceive Ljr 
my •ctiw.-*." 

Furtlier: — ^" [ assert that siooe wo ant afleuled (rota viUwut. we 
muet allow po«'ens lo be without in a lioiiie dUtinut from oun«lni>. 
TKux 1 prorv it to lie apinu Fcoin the eucU I a*K prwluct'il, I coa- 
duJc UicK are iu;ti(>us, and bccnufc nutioni. votUiuns; awl bvaum 
there arc rolitioiiB, ttnTv nut be a will. Again, ihe tiling I perooive 
uiwt bare an cxistc-nci^ they ot tbeu «ivlictype«, out of my iniiM) : but, 
iNHitg idea*, neither tliey, nor tiiuir ai<jhct\)a:a can L-\bt oUictMiM* ihaii 
ill im lUMfeTSUndiBg. 'But will aai amlcistaudiiig cort^littitcr in Ibu 
>tncta«t MOW a mind ot spirit Th« powerful cauac of mv idctm, thvrc- 
latc. a in ttiict profniety of j^wccli a K|iirit.' 

\Ve uced not mulliply extnds to show thai whatever Berkeley '6 
lysCi-m wvi; or was not, neither in itee1( nor in its tendenclea, «aa it 
justly cfaarj^^uhlv with wcplicLtiii. 

It is beside our pivsent purpose, bat we cannM refrain from rcourk- 
Lii^ lluu the lloniiab dof^nn of li«mulwt«n tint ion ma« alone upon Hm 
old dm'Irinc of muUriai tultlattee, which Bcrki-l«v h> xculnuniv on* 
travelled. It being as»rt«d by (be Bomish Cliurch ihnt in the t^inr!! 
du{>iM'r, the ai6»laHCe of (Iut )>n--ad oikI wtnr is dIoim^ tninsubstuiiLiatwl, 
leatiiig llie atciilaUt, that i^ all tlie setuihle qualiliiM by wliieli ne 
kiiow Uieiu to he bread and wine, uiichaDg«d, But jeeiii): ilutt imImmIv 
now livlicres lliis oM pbilc(w>pliic«l Hgniriit of nintf-rinl subMaiicc what 
bccoincti of Uii- do^in whi>w exi*t«n(^i' dc]N:i)d? njwn it I 

It mav be obscr\'Ci) thai Bcikel^y'ii philtuofiliy wa^ designnl la be on 
cnitiiciitlv n-Iii{iou!! one-, tiiid (hnt it lolly wav *Ot bosoOi iodcod. uimu 
the ii)i<i!iU)ltc uecUtraLion concerning Uic Crt'alor of Itic universe, and Ibif 
rt'tiitinu in whidi the cr«alunt &taiids lu lliiri: "in linn ire live and 
tnovc, and tiai'c our beiiii; ', " ■ uuMigc of ScnjiLitnt which the Btshnp 
ijuotes in titaliug his viewa. To this great IruUi of the mweiistrv 
ure»enue uf Dcily in iwd with lIi»crcalioti. let iheiv be but added (nti 
tms been uiicuiucioualy l>y tiomt.-, uud ititeiili(»mlly by Qtbcrs) this i-rivi 
ct^'nei>niini> the tno<le of that presence. — by li^riuioa, — and ure have the 
Punlheial 10 scheme. Another instunce of how near to error ttuUi li«<, 
Cini» fis thia coiu^jiliun of the Supreme Being, and of lljs lejation tu 
Ibo n»rk of His own hjiiJ^ may at fitHt appear, ue are penuaded it Is 
one into which n ^jN-cnlative inui(I. nwitoniii); mil iU own eonolnsiotis oo 
ihisiWply iuten-btiug and sublime subjt!Ct, may cusily >lide. 

i'here are i*o «-rilers es-ieiiliully dilTunii^ ni iheir phitosojiliy Irom 
Urrkfley, of vihoiu llir n^ndot will iioi-rthelen* be n^mindcd bj hiuuu 
I<arl6 of Liti wriUn^b. M;tlebrnncbc and tipinoso, to nhom we have just 
alluiled. Ill alluMoit lo the "•.eeiii;; all tliiii|!;8 in (jud " of the former, 
— n plimm- tlmt lookn like ll*-[ki'Ii-^'» "«^'iVii<, ifie •^nlo tnlnliiiiet." — the 
Itishop himself uys, " 1 shall uol. therefore, lie nurnri&oil if m>iiiu men 
iwnsine Lbat I tun into the aillia^unni of Mnlehranehe, thoush in 
linth, ] am very remote from it." Tht-u, oddiii^ hi* n«n entire uelief 
of tiuit S:itpturc just quoted, be ^ocs on to hay : — " Uut tliat wc sec 
tiling in IU;> etr)«'nee, after the niiuiiicr nbuve ml ror(h'*(by a uniuai tif 
lie Miul with the Aubnlaiite of (ioJ) " 1 am fiir I'roui bi'livviu^." 

Snuon'* Mirnimi. " God U the naW »abStaittK; vhnUnwr U. w in 

na," sceim. al llie Itr^t ^Inncc, o pro]iot>ilioii iilonliuil with tijtil of 

rkclc; ; l>ul his own a|>i^ti:«lio» or it »howa it to W r very diflVrcul 
niH>. Setliag out with ine imne truth that (fod u all, in alt. the 
iMmeJ Je« of Anii4cnla.m jnMha-tzci, or dcgradts his deity into n 
mere nalura natiiraiu; a sort of soul or life ol Uio ytotU, llie conn"!*;- 
ment of whoso betn^ is Ihe sensible world, Whjiu our Chtislian )»liilo- 
Aonbcr ever l>cnr> in miml that God i* a tpirii, iiUntligviit, jKtmniiil — n 
God wbOi tbougli Uw cBtoient cnuso of «U plienomenn, must ever 
roinnin essmtiallj- dixlincl froin ihcni. Tim mw |?i*es us n Deity rrom 
his own 6 priori reasouing; the otbvr from tlie niilv auUit-'ulic *>our«; oi' 
mctt'a VnonlcdgG coucvrniiig lh« Cicnlor, — u DiViiK- cuuituuiiicntioii 
U> Ihn creulum 

flow iiieu, in alt geiierationi, spoil their philosophy hj tiieir neglect 

ilotfcf Ipj's Plktonisni ia * noliceBble aiid ii)if>T«»li»g fcaLun) nf hi« 
|ib!los)>pbical anlingB. Plato was his lavouiitc aulhor; and thu ok] 
Greek uaa Icfl his imprcM u))oh the mind and >oul of ihv ItiBhioan. Jt 
•triku Hi, ho««TCr, that his s|>cculiitions savour nilticr luoro of Uio 
Jater 1*1*10010 or AlRXBtidrimi Kclinnl, than Uut of the master. Thv 
nneniScsnl ooDCiirlipn nnd tixtiui^ite illurtrution of I'latiiius — "'Hat: 
world hoing so auinuted as nilher to bo posscHsed bv snul, Uiaii to 
poshes* it ; !t lying m that tfreai I'/iytA« which tvnlmnriA. it, a* a net m 
4iu trafen ail mMttmtd with lifi,'' sii^ms to us, (%iiiAiiuily taken, to 
•xpms something vpn-likc the etseaco uf BLTkloiiiiiisiii. Th«n) were 
frinnls in ihote days ! 

To lliiw who do uot know Berkeley's wrilinn — >l' such thure bi- 
— VQ would girc an enniost tiToniinendation for tfeyir study. Wis style 
is cast, clear, find graccAil ; there is no dry philiwnphi/iiii; Hhniit him. 
To ipvculativt: acumen lio ailib >hn-w<l gorxt M-nw, sound jndsint'iit, 
Rnd excellence of heurt. such as has ran'Iv Iipoh surpassed ; qnalitiw 
wluch wcrr picfliiitigly uiaiiifi-^U-tl in his litV', n« wHl ■l'< in his lilrrnry 
iiCoducttiiii.s, ilis 7i!alous and judidoii:* etforls tft rai!)c ami iiiiiirnt'c 
lii* wri'k-hed oountrynmi, eiititiv hiia to llie eoTely-«buR«d nanw of 

To llieir fnuUs he was keenly, but kindly alire, Tbey were lliOK! of 
lhi» (lay, the want of iiiiifonn irdustry. nnd. nbovt' all, nt a nhnteanmi! 
B|^!nt of M-lf* dependence. wilhnuL which iii.-icb«T iutltvidtials nor imlions 
will vrTcr misc Inemselves from their tow estate, lor ueilber is llwrc 
any hope of itnpmi-od forluneit — wc nay it t^igniflcxntly — so lotur &> 
ibry ihiow iho blame of their iiiiHery upon otheiv. It is worthy of 
Tcmnik, thai Berkeley did no^ in nny drgn.'c. ascribe their wretchedness 
to their Itotniah erecd. 

Wf are not going to frank his politie«> any mciro tluin his pliilowpliy; 

t we man say ihut his ccotuHDJcal mid politiral nrilin^ conUitn a 

ad of practical wisdom wbidi we should like to see drawn upon in 

ur own times. Ili» '" Querist" and " Wonl to thi; \Vt»«r" hnrr more 

eial reference to his own cnunirymen, whnic tiescttin^' and iihmI 

jinoiin viecH lie failbrully and liviJIv points oiil, indicaliti); at ihe Mime 

jnie ihi'ir iippropriatt-' rein«rdi(-ii. The lower ordi-'r!< he shek-Ws wilh ii 

"^phii! pemrd :— "The Siylhinns were noted for viuukiriu);. und the 

ds for sloth awl prido ; our Iriih are bdtinl wutber of Ihctw 


Nov wia Ae «i>t£ne cf Fagaiid aneuci far b« iIk aiainfalc mmn. 
Hi» ~Ean uwvHs Prv*«sxiiic cbe B^ of Gtcai BnUin'* is not 
■iV'^nnT c{ DrxfeiB •xv^Koaam. 

Of his pmonol (AoncEer it if mt nfW if to tptik Pc^'s wdl-knpn 
line attnbctine 

-Ti riiiiri. I II. iiiBi ■■<!! Iwih" 

««5 oo men poeCfa:al colicer. To cue cf his Tiitar^ diaaileRstednes^ 
Svifl amosiigfT Maiiligs in ^ LeOR to tkc Lonl-LicvAenmt Mi«>«w»ng 
BnkeW'» I«i2-cfaen*hed xbtat Sor Aiift iMitiiig the "Sav^e Ame- 
ncai».~ ooe port cf vfudi «» the fbondiB^ a eol^e^ far tb^ eduotion 
of a lative ^lns7 '.be w«£ is atiraifr cf hxi mg« r) mtiler his own soper- 
intMidencF. in Bnmada ; wbere. nj? tbe «ittT Drut. ' be pxovbitaBtl* 
ptt>p>%«b K «tiole hm^icii pooada « Tear far himselC He will hn»k 
his heart if his DeaDCTT~ tworth LlOOf. |Mr amnO" be Dot taleo 
(ittm him.' While the ^cdnex of his hesit lol him to ptefar the 
inferior nunnbctnres of Cloyoe. the insi^iiificsBt town th&t gare name 
to his diocese, to better one: from other qnuten. WbUera oouM be 
made theieT he souU ha\e bxym no other place : and ' chose to wear 
ill clothes, and voise wigs, ntber than naffer the poor of the town to 
be nDemploTed." We want a little more of this sort of pntriotian 

His death, which was sadden, took {dace at Oxlbtd, in the sixtr-nioth 
)-ear of his age. 1753. 

We must repeat at the close of ooi brief expodtion of Berkeley's 
peculiar doctrines, that criticism upon them is foreign to our purpose. 
But as a much misundetstood. and inadequalely appreciated writer, we 
have sought to cxmveT to our readers that which we deem liis real 
meaning, aiid to awaken in those to whom he is unknown, that interest 
which a character like his is so adapted to exeite. If the few lines we 
liavc penned should have the effect of leading the student to re-consider 
views upon which he may have already pronounced the usual condem- 
natory verdict, or of inducing the young, educated reader to look into 
pages which he has hitherto passed over as too abstruse or chimerical 
to ue worthy his attention, our end will be satbfactorily fulfilled. To 
the former we would express our own \iew, that the old material jihilo- 
sophy is the key to that of Die Bishop. To the latter, we can promise 
both instruction and entertainment from the volumes that we commend 
to bis attentive perusal. 



MM. DK MiMARiuu aitd de la Marck aau iL-ai.-li oibor frvijiicolly 
after ilie dinner-iiftriT q1 the I'rincc Ac I'oh'e; ihe laiter, iii<le«ii. 
invited Minbrnu hcvitaI iini«it to dine vcith him, liitt lio alwayi took 
nre to aii*cint)K' aboui him tii<n« persons who Mere lie»t culculatnl to 
Miit lib guest, and wrrr llkriy to conlribiitf to Itic 6ow of ronversBtioii 
by their nit vi<l rnrioiii informalion. MM. do MciJhnn <tu Bueq, 
and the Viconite lie Noailles, for i^l^lJlncp, generttllv joined tWs« pur- 
tjei. The Viwaunt dc Noaillcs, howcvrr, M. dc U Mnrck observed, 
mancged lo nnnojr and irritste Afiraboau, by endeavouring lo lak* 
tlie k-ud ill ihe di»co»tiini of aiij' Fiihjecl, and by displavinij >urh 
decided prorerence lowardt Pnistin. ^^'bcn tho biike of Orleann 
loATDt that \hf. Count de la Marek bad entAHAincd Mirnboau several 
times, h« cxpre»sed a wbh to meet him. Mirabeau wu< imirh ftatteritd 
lij Ibe duke's desiring to make bi» acq iiaiti lance, and very ri>udilv 
(ki;ce])ted >ii inviution to a dinner nhieh tb« Count do In Mnrck 
intended to )^i*e, in eanse>{iiencci. This diniier-|iArty, however, was not 
St all a plcuanl one, and thi- gtiesli depsritd aliku discoiitiuied with 
one another. When a few dajrs afterward*. Mirahenu took an oppor- 
tunity of thanking ibo Count de la Mnrck for introducing liini into 
a voild, to which hillierlo he had beeti almost a stranger, be did 
not diagniae trxxa him, that the tone of the Diikn of Orlcons' convcr- 
nlioo did not plc«»o hint, and he remarked again and again that he did 
not experience the least ooDfidonco in this prince, nor feel the ilighteat 
^npathy with his taales. .Siieb wu the beginning of ibe relations 
between MM. de la .Marck and dv MirabeaU) and they did not become 
more intimate with each other till 17S9, wlncn they eanui together o^arn 
at t))D meeting of the State*- Ccnrrnl- 

The Count de ta Marck shared the general feeling of men of the 
world at this litue, and accordinttly soug-ht lo be elected a memlter. 
H* wu aaubjvet of Aunrin ccrialnly, and headed a regiment of Ger- 
maa Uoop», but ihcn these tniop w«rc iu tht; aervice uf Prance, and 
thoagh h« was not a native of I'rance^ hepoaeaaed a larf^e cmtc m 
that country, in right of hii iclfr. Resides, aooording lo the modo of 
coiiTocatioti iido|)ied by M. Neck^r, it wa8 not essential to be a Frrneli* 
man in order to bo elected: it was luflicient for noblemen to hold ficfc 
in llio kingdom, and for the clvr^ to cicrci*e luinie ecclesiastical office ; 
thtis for instance, the Prince de fiatoi, Arrhbi»liop of Tonmay, and the 
Count d'Arb«rg, Archbishop of Ypr&i, vere made depniira of (he 
order of clergy, by llic cure* of that portion of their diocese which via» 
situated in l-'rAiire. M. de ta Matck, ihen-forr, presented hiiaself at 
the bailiwick da (juesnoy, in which district lib estate of tlai*m«a Iny, 
The greater part of ibc land which belonged to (his bailiwick, was the 
property of aublcmen, who bad Ukcn up thi-ir abode in the L.on Couti. 
tries, wliich fell under ibo domtniuu of Austria; bovcver, be readily 
obtainod their proiin, and it was by means of these pruxiea and a largo 
number of votes which were siTtm to him by the cotuitry gcntkoaeit 
redding in the district, that h* funned one of the depuialion of the 

?C»2 woiofB or 

Q-arKKiT. vain eontJs:!^ bendn al mothtr iepan fivm itiriwy tbf 
BoiRlin. ix \ht pcT^iUi cf M. ir Dae de Crar. M. k Contr dr la MarrL 
vaf prescm K iLe c^Rilnf meninp cf tlie Sutes-Gawfsl, and sBong 
htf pspc^ ■ dcKotitrsi «w fb^kd, vbicb daerrM to be neDtione^ 
as s coar-xsa tvs^ remark* villi regard ta lUs iiiiiliii|, Tlw eodtenU 
are ai folkiwt : — 

- M. lie la Fare. Arclibifhafi ti Saner, ris ««■ a bhi of npiibk 
dif^aatkB. bv; |kk«-bs^ of bole doqoeMe. vat fleeted br the En^ 
to driim- a EpeiKli in tbe dnuiA of :»U Lam> itf TrrrailWi. om tlte 
apeniar of the AaMnUr, in tbe pna^ce of tbe drpntim, aad tbe 
«bo)e cooTL In ibis ipeecb, be tavmtnuA «iib great i iliiiinaig and 
wiib tuDcb exaceeraboti. a£ tbe wafbrtnaes aad gTierane^ aUA dia- 
xnat^ tbe Kxmtry pM^ie, and tben taniiiif Mmardi Lams tbe Six- 
tccHib. be ibnf apactn^Liaed him : «W aff tki* witeni it aBmaed to pa m> 
M M- ««Mr *fi-»t cr'M ^«K of'^MaL This obeerratiaB prodaeed ciactlj 
ibe e5wi sbicb tbe speaker de^red : be was applanded akfa oitbuaiann. 
aar even witb HDcaalrolled rioleDce bv tbow abo eooiaa^ilatal a rerola- 
IMIL Vet tbi$ Arrhbisbop beliered binneir to be a firm lovaliat, but the 
tbirsi cf prodocinf effect, and a ai$h also not to ^pe>r ignorant of 
tbe pbiloaopbieal principle* cpf ibe dav, urged Mid fbnraid m ^tite of 
bitttelf, m tbis occaskn. and made him oatstep tbe limita of tnitb, 
and nxomit an iixuKretiaa, nac an injuitice aUo, according to ntj jodg- 
meni. Tbe debates abirh aere <arned cm betveen ibe tbree ordrrv. 
ibe first fra davi af^er tbe assembling of the Stales- Gpneial, are in 
gciieral so funiUar lo ibe public, that it will be anneccaaary to apeak 
of ibem beT«. it ail) be soScxnt to uy, that M. de la Marck remained 
firm to (be aish of the toajoritT of that order whidb had elected him, 
for, observed be. it ban alaan appeared lo me, that a political body 
shoas svmptoms of a revolutionary feeling, tbe very mommt that the 
derision of the nujority i« incapable of bringing over the minority to 
it« Tjoa of tbe question ; it aas therdore only aith tbe majority of bis 
class that he joined the other two ordera, and this aas in conaequence 
of the express command of tbe King. MM. de la Marck and Mira- 
beau had not yet met in the Assembly, but a few days after the union 
of the three orders, Mirabeau went up to M. de la Marck, and said to 
hint. ' Do WM wo loiii/er remenilier vow cldfrienda f for you hare not yd 
jtiaiiti-N to Mil'. M. de la Marck reminded him that it was impossible 
that he could hare a chance of rect^ising him, inasmuch as they were 
not in the same chamber, but he added with eagerness, that ' be hoped 
now that they mere both to be in the same hall, he should have frequent 
opportunities of conversing aiih hiin.' Mirabeau replied, * WM am arit- 
Incral like yourte}/, I rliotiiii soon male mytelf underitood.' A few days 
af>er this meeting, M. dc la Marck invited him to dine lite-a-liie with him, 
which invitation Mirabeau accepted with pleaaure. He had scarcely seated 
himself, on his arrival at M. de la Marck's, before he said to him, 
I Yuii tire reru much eered witi me, are you not? icith you and with a 
qrettt tiiiiny lilhert, if aneh U the caee, you ought rather to have begun 
'hv feeling dit/i/eiigure towards t/ione «h<i iiihaliit the chdteatt. The vessel 
of the tttite ie severely tceather-beaten, and there is nobody at the helm.' 
MirBbenu continued Ulking in this strain for some length of time, he 
almost worked himself into a passion with regard to the faults which 
had already been committed, and accused M. Necker of incapacity and 
oranee. He maintained it was shameful that this minister had not 



_ >IW**M at ihc o|ipnH^ of Ihe StatM-fiLiin'a), a unlvpml 
niitni of fituticc, nhich woa cakiitaM not uulv to cover llw niiscnblo 
deficit of OB0 huitdml and forty niil1iuTi>^ hut to iiicri.vt>i' in fiiiurr' llie 
twenun of ibc kiugdom. He rviti^rkvA, lliat to a cuuulrv like Frmcv, 
Ihii would be toere play worki but in order to ac(x>inp1jsli n sinulnr 
obJHI, roiirh ttoMur nnd profounilor virwii vuiilil be rfiiiiirod that) tlioM 
■ateniiinvd liv ^l. Ntniker, who, acrorilinff to liiHopiuiun, wus in I'very 
ra^Kct uHBiiitcd to bis post. >[. do la Marck, witbout ducusaing 
mil lhr<ii- gmvc qti«gtkin«, i-ontonti'd himtclf uiiili inyin^, " But to what 
will oil cbis Irad, now ibat you li&ve ndo|)tcd sneh viulmi mi-Atarr*. 
both in lh« AsM-mbly and clicraihrn- ?"■— " I1ic fatp of I'miicc is dccidt-d," 
nclalnwd Miraboao, the wordx of liberty, taxM auentwl to by llii.' 
pvoplfr have ttlready r<-BouDded tliroiif^b ih« km^om, and till a gov«ni- 
^OicDt has Ih-cd rslablishcd aomcvrliat likr that which nvsXs in Kn^laud. 
it will be ini])OMibl« to 4>xtneale ofltwIvM firom our pmbarratNini^ 

But while he TCDted hb anf^r njniinst ibe ministers in exprenioni> of 
din^nM nnd oonlemjtt, h« niM'<'rth('lcii» allowed himm'lf fnvoDrably din- 
ed to monarchy, and obsi>rved maiiv times Lliat ii w^s not hi> laiilt il' 
ey rppulwd him, and if ihey comiieHed him to sei'k personal iutt'«iy by 
pbcin^ himaelf At the bead of ibc poptdar parly, 

" ' The period bos arrived,' said he, ' when a roan in judged by wlutt 
|4ie bran in the stnall ipare between his eivbrowB and beneath his fore- 

M,dc la Marckin vnin end«avoured to |irove to him, that all that hv 
said did not justify or cxcumi llio audacity of his revolutionary ipecohri 
in llie Assembly, and that hia I'luqut-nrc, all powerful an it was. did not 
cofDfMDMte for Ihc barm he did to his countn-. 

■" AsMCHituihaktnff't minttlor* nhoox* to eonault me «n iho cubjoot,' 

roplied he, ' tbey will find mv devot«l to the eauseof royally and tu the 

wetfarv of the monarchr.' Finally he answered his intertoculer'a iiu«s- 

lion, ■ hiu vhat will l>e tho result of the ptwonit progress of afliiirs ?' 

' France will he loal,* exclaimed he ; ' and if there exists an ranniiL 

I desire to save her, do lime muet bo loet in enployin;; tho only aiMna 

'which arv likely to rrsenr h«r. Th« syntem now pursned k nhaurd ; 

nay. utievly mad. Th>- Auembly ii left lo inelf, and yet (be arhlo- 

cratical party and M. Necker imajhne that iliey shall be able (>Tcnlually 

to leakt it submit t« their will, — the former by farft^, nnd the lnll*r by a 

redtlodancy of unmcaxiittgphrMirs,liyi«hich hu thinks he can readily brinj^ 

it round to his riewn; while, on the contrary, tbc Koventmcnt sitould 

•Mk to form a ttTonK l">''y ^y nieons of those men who hare the pover 

t of iaflueiicing it, of directing it, and of mlmini; it." 

it was towards the pud of the month of July that be delireivd this 
opinion. MirabfAi) ttft thoCoiint doU Mar«k iminedialely aher dtntieri 
but before he took bid de^iariiin.- ha said to tbo Connt,— " 1 wkh we 
eoDid often meet in this sociable way." 

When Mimbcau bad gone, M. dc In Marck fell into a long- train of 
ifaouftht on the subject which he bad just beard dt^cuised. He fell 
that he had become much more enliffbtened with regard lo ihe dangers 
'attending the present crinis of affair*. II« began to oomprebend tbo 
llD[iOftanoc of the pan which Miraboau might hv called upon to play in 
tha Mlraordinary events which veT« likely to Take place. He msulvvd 
to watch him very cloMly. and to turn to tho bctt ndvantago the con^- 



Aatee «bic^ he (MinbMit) rrkfenily pUc«d la lun, nkicb b« t««ii£vd 
kj tk mott «-*nR uMLnncn of Uelity and friendahip. 

Srvenl dcjt puMd bcforr Minbeiui went to (line again mib M. 
d* k Marek ; bm lh« nnt tine be Tuh«d bint, he foond at dittner 
WiUm hbDMiU; tb» D«ke dc Lausua, the Duk« d'Arenberg^, the cidnt 
bralber of M. it bt Marck. and screraJ olber perwnt. M . de la Marct 
oueated bim to ipcalc tcry lUtle of the- pr«Mnt state of nltkira; or at 
anj M« to aroid eipmdng bioMCJf witb angry vehctDmoe agaioM 
aaniwil«r neck He pronUea id be careful, and kept bis word. BefisM 
M UA b« nU n a low tomo to iba Cwml, 

**Xclf4Mi tMrfnIaivtf of |A< eUcewi Mo/ 7 am norv i^tx^MM/ to Ac <w 
tfeir (ii/r tim» it^mrt lAm." 

Tbis renarki and several otb«r« of a nmilar nature, dUdosed to M. 
de la Marck wbat the real scDiiiBeuUf were of tbis fiery atiil hradfttrang 
tribose. He pereaivrd that the best tbioff the King could da irould be 
to win orer to hi* cauM the leaders of tbe revolutiooaiy partj. No* 
Mirabeau was without doabt ooo of the moM ptoniBcnl and distioguisbnl 
of them. Bad ibefefore it was moat auentlal that ]w abould he brought 
oree to bis side. One fvar, faovwor, mad« him hcaitaie as to ibe pto- 
prittj of the step. He suspected lUot Minibeau was aomewbat nteixc* 
naif. Would Mich n man siactrrely aod faithfully Mtre the noiuKby ? 
Waa be not fwrhnpf nlrt-ndj secretly altacbpd to thu Orleans jMtfty ? A 
circunmiiKe which ba|)[>t.'iiiHl ulxmL this time decided hit opinion on 
osaoflbeae points, and this «;is the death of the ^(«rquis de MirabcnUi 
wbkb took place the night before the slormiug of the Itostille. He 
bequoaUicd to his son a fcarly fortune of Gfly Ibousand livrea in land, 
but at the umo time loit him in a tery embarrassing iitHttion ooneora- 
ing the ditiiioD of the properly with hix brother* and sisters. Wbeo 
Mirabrau apprised M. de la Marck. of his father's death, he uid to bini, 
•' I shall tint draw a single crowo from my fsLher'a e«l«le, fur 1 bare 
not the time to attend to my private affinir*, which would alone wholly 
engross my mind every day; I stand in need of money even to pay toy 

This speech was cprlninly on crldvut proof that he ha<l not received 
nor was not irecciviiig money fruui any piirty, — unilier from the Duke 
cf Orloans nor fVom anybody eUe. It L-k-urly ili-niuiintruttti, that, wbile 
Mirabcau was ooctipying himself solely with public atTairs, he was alto- 

5 ether lositiit sight of ttio advanUgcs uliidi would rexuU to him io lbs 
UB arrangi'ini-iit of hi* private inaltera uf busiiie*«. 
On thu IJith of July, I7S^i ihe day on which M. Bailly was elected 
Mfiyor of I'aris, and M. do Lafayette Ginural-cn-Ctief of tlio National 
(■unrdsi Mirabeuu aaid to M. de lu Marck, 

" If dcct'iicy hnd nut prcvcoted me from showing tnyuLf ao soon nflor 
my father's denih. I am ipiito »iire that I Kiiould hava been elected 
Mayor iii«tead of Itoilly." 

I'he justice of this opinion was confirined at that time by pcrMms who 
were bi^t lofanned 00 the ■ulij<«t ; and it U the more likely that Mira- 
heau wutiM havo anecceded in obtaining the post, as the olt^iion uf the 
Mayor tt.)s decidMl upon io a mameni of popular excilomeni. and M. 
Itailly was only cliusea oo aerount of hU conduct ni the Nalicnal Aseem- 
hty, pariiculurn of which were given by a few peiBons who hod succeeded 

IB ■■■■ling through the body of troops btationcd between Vcrsailks and 

Tbo H&tel de Ville was blocked up with an enormous crowd. 




who got the Mnynr fkctW, not by vottt, but by aocl nmali an : jr«t 
Dobod]' could fvr nii inMant dbpuic tliat tlic notne of Mirabesu was 
much more known, and much man! popular, than that of M. Bnilly. 
If Mirabe«u b«d boTD eWu^l, ihe Kin^' would havi- fomid h!m*rlf 
oblifTcd (o enter into cloM rcUtiont witb nim, and then tic would rfr- 
tainly have intpircd Louis ihc Sixircnih with for dilft'rnnt u\vm than 
thooe which ho eiitprtain^ with rc^Ard to ihe diredioii u,'iri(.'h should b<* 
|;iven to public oprnioi) in n city whicit Mnuined tbv laiDC of levoluiion 
rn iu b(»oa). is it not naturnl to imai^ne that Mimbt-aii vroiilri bnve 
made brntBoir nndnrrtood by ihr King, thnt h<! would early have acquired 
his M«l}dcnc«, and ilut hu would liaTu been aMv \a induco him a lon^ 
tim4> btTorc th« evil became bo divply rooted, to lake diwided raaaaurM 
for the prctGTTAtiMa of mi>nar<rhy ? Now, on thi- eonlrnry, be could not 
avecCMl in gaining the Kind's ear, fur he wiih loolied u;ion by some with 
■Uipieion, by othprs with fear or envy. Ho wiis liaicd by the MiniMcTf, 
and coniMxjitomly itRnipuloi)*ly k»pt in the buck ^riyiind. 

In order to attaiti thai ooint afber which Mirntieaii eugi-rly slroro froin 
Ibe very openinft of the 8ut«-C«n«rsl, it would be neeoasnry for kim 
to vnul a whoto year, wbcr«a>, if Iw! liad liocn olncti^ to (he Mayoralty, 
DO delay in nrroniplbbing bis pur(io»e need hare taken plaoc During 
ihi* year evenu succeedMl eaoh olb»r with fri^hifut rapidity, and com- 
potlrd bim to act ■ p«it wkteli was cxct^cdingly violl^^t and offi-niive in 
Its nuure, and arhicli rendered a reconciliaiioD with th« King; iilill mocv 
difll«ull, aawvll aamore dangeron« to him«vlf to noroinpli»>h. Mirn1>flau 
bad alroaJy diit'i[igiii.iln.-il hini«i.-lf in iliu Asscmt'Ij liy I"* famoiii speech 
on the iruopf diiniisMoii. 'Iliiti speech wai not entirely the offupriitg of 
bia own mind ; he «ai intimately acquatnlod with three Genevene, who 
wrrv remarkable for their intclli|^mcn on well a* for tbcir talents, but 
they w«ni deeply Imbued with r(>niihlic:!an opinionR. Two of tboao men 
««re employed in the tnterMis of Bnftland, and rcoeived a pension from 
that country. The name of out- wa« Dnmont, and it wtu he who drew 
up ibia famous addrcM, though the jirineipal idea* contain^l in it weri< 
fumi>h*d by Mirabeau, during convertalions with Uumont, and the 
whole reeeired nnmerous correction* and addition*, whon it wiu pUcnd 
in MirabcAu'a bands for revision. Tht> name of nnollior of the^u men 
was Clavitraa, wbo at a later period, when the Girondina wcr» in power, 
became MiniMar of Finnnoe, the othvr wu du Rovrray ; Ihv loiit named 
was a min of wondcrfVi) and unoejuins activity, who waa to be seen 
evi-rywbore and at alt timen, and kept nimfelf an tfuranl with r**|>rcl 
to everything that wa« taid and done in Fans. He contrived to Aaltur 
Mirabeau by retailing nil tliat he had beard spoken in hii favour 
at (Miblir oteeiingB and elsewhere. 

Mirabeau began about llii> time to prove the power of what he 
railed his astoiiiibing popularity ; it was indeed very great and might 
be dnnperuiiii to tha<ti agsinst whoni it was used as a weapon. M. de 
la Marck, after noting dotely all that pastL-d around Mirabeau, and ob- 
labiag his private eonfidence. as we have before shown, became moro 
tlMD aver convinced ihnt of all the men at the bead of the revolution! 
whom \iu! gOTcmmeut ought to m-cum in its intcreals, Mirabeau would 
hr the most iniportaat convert to make. Me resolved, Ihervfbre, to 
discus* llie HiVijt^t with M. do Cice, ,\rchbi.ltoji oi' Itnrdi-ans, at that 
time Kre|n-r of tbr 8i-n1« : fofmerly he bad vtlnn niut Itiin at M- le Duo 
dodunaeul'*, but he had star«ely spokan to him since li» had vnierad iha 

VOL. XXXI. 1. 


Miutcr ;. He adia » tJ i 

htw •oai not «3^E^ W' ^h^bb anna, <&a ^ 
^BcrfDCoo. <tf due 'Uan^ wssea ^^neci F= 
Ak UHciuot aeeoM* ^ ffiimwnrnc N- Vcdker 
waK ouf^icc mm^aidj smou aSi^ aboa 
^ 'jbt tt iaiw.MiJ ]«L )L tt Care iui M kiiK. - 31. Xcc^b' m iMng 
Fnnrtc, BHaiiw 311 3« -iuae vm Bon.'' B» njih x l^igdi «■ ^im lab- 
jco. ^i4 coHMMMttf :iuc lur ini^ c^ W o^ bc^ oaa^nUf ms- 
tAs aa t» M. Ncuiir'* e^aein. aos ux bimc Ac o^^i^^ of tfe 
ifa«ti-GenegaL b* bd alateaitr c »g ae«d kii afaiiB wiA n^aid to 
Km~ aoii mt aam itl^ emxmoei ta^ ■■ kaif as lim avaMcr tvmaiaed 
m a£ix, maiben vwui prmed &«■ b^ » w«n& 3L de C^e in 
ihair. endcviy aKTcmi wxk M. lOr ■> Man^ ^iJ attanvUged ^M fioa 
tk« oGKfuae 4^ thu Ajhii Twhiy. an piatfaTanT ihowM bare be^ a^k lo 
hrinif oTcr caoM ■wn^cn of it vbo «cc« bonife to tbo g m r n i iiM - nt. 
ami ;alt «ocJi iuTe bocs as •■7 tkiaf W wd to accoMplHL Be Bcn< 
tMB*»i among tiiif anmhw of tbuse^ the Abbe Sacy^i. Bansre^ and icretal 
ocben. a:K b^OT :b«a* aH the Coaat dc Minbean, box, added ^ *> w 
loiif a;) X«i:k«r lemabu 'a tbe iBuattr no oae d>i« bope tltat Tl|i« nep 
■ill oe ■akta. and I ban aof ibe Wait mtaenee otb- ibis Maiitar.'* 

>L de U Marck <{iictMi tbe Keeper of tbe Seals feUr i-rrffTrHnl tbat 
DO food cDoId po»ibIr be dooe ia tbat qnan^, aad be fell tbe more 
cenain at tius becaiue be (hiMigttt be eonid peneiTc ibat Sf. <^e him . 
aeU a\tmxed ha o«a poaen, aad befiercd hMirlf tbe onlj penoo 
«bo coold replace M. Necker. 

Tne fint time liut M- de la Marck saw Mliabeaa again after tbia 
roD> ersatioQ, he frauklr coafHsed to him all the paia which tbe pro- 
gresi cf a£un caui«d him. Mirabean seemed to enter completely ioto 
bU feelings, acd apoke ia a language Ten dUlerest to tbat wtucb be oaed 
in the A^semblr and in the socieij of teTolutioiusts. M. de la Marck did 
not scnjple to reproach him sever«lT for his incoosistCDCj of coodocL 
Alirabeau showed hiouetf lulU alive to these reproaches, and ooofessed 
(hat be diverted them. '^ But," added he, ^ what positM»i tbeo can I 
pos^iblj take ? Tbe goTemment repulse* me, and the only thing left 
me to do is to place myself at the head of the opposition puty, which is 
revolationar)', or I should run the riak of losing my popularity, which 
is my chief power. Armies are already marching upon as; ve most 
»ther D^ociate or fight : the goTernmeDl, which takea natbet one 
step nor the other, is playiog a very daogeroua game." 

Though his opinion thoroughly coincided wilh bis Mend's, respecting 
the line of conduct he should pursue were he in a different position, yet 
he appeared steadily resolved not to quit the path in which he was now 
treading, as this he considered the only means of preserving his popu- 
larity. It was not easy to condemn his plan of action in the then state 
of matters ; and what rendered it still less so, was that Mirabeau, not- 
withstanding his opposition to the government, was always sure to 
uphold monarchical prindples when the discussion of any important 
question took place in the Assembly. Thus he declared veiy warmly 
that the right of veto altolu ought to be preserved to the King, and if 
he finally desisted from asserting his opinion at the tribtme, it was 
because M. Necker himself deserted tbe royal cause in this instance, 
and seemed satisfied with the veto euapenstf, Mirabeau, who had in his 
possession a treatise ready on this subjeet, which had been drawn up 



uiiilar his dinictioD by a IVI. Rhbaac, did not dream of spMkiiig «hii] 
]|« «avr the minister alinndDn thi« principle uf nionarcliy. He forenKW 
ihat he should be beaten if ho gtoo<l forwnrd alone, nnil hv did not 
cbooM to eiposD htmxcif to a dcfrat. He openly diimpprovcd of all 
llul p<iU4!d on ihft i?elebraU-d tiauen on the nighl of the llh of Augiiat, 
1789, wbicb, ho »aid, reMmbled a festival. Itwfti during 
this •^sim that tho Aiaembly, iu a state of fniitic excittmoiil, votvd not 
va\y tor tiw abvUtian of all feudal ri)[bta without aoy irompi-ination, 
but de»lr9n>d by ihcir votes, ono may say the basis of all properly is 
Pranoa. Mirnbcau, who wait int'onnoil beforehand of all tliat van to 
take plac« at Ibis tiance. aviudi:^ being present; but oii thii occjuioo 
he pubUsbcd in the "Courier do Pruwncv," which paper was then 
uudier hit. tiu peri n tend aiico M vv]\ ah under that of MM. Duniont and 
dii Roveray, ao arliele from which ihc following extract will mifliceto 
•how wliat bv tltought of ihc conduct of thu Asseinbty at this iiancr. 

"The lioMce of the 4th of Aiijjnst, I7ti9, ccruinly presented an 
oxiraordraarj scene to a spectator. Men of distinguished rank, who 
Jproposvd Lbe abolition of feudal power and tbe rvsiitulioii of tiic diicf 
lights of tbe people wfiro vociferously applauded and revived a kind of 
tribut«, which IB olTored every day to set phrases, which happen to be 
in fasliion, and which of course cannot be dvniud to palriotiv Bcoliiiienis. 
To those wlio have aeeu the maehinery of i>ublie meeiliifrs set in nioiion, 
■ho have witneis«d the almost dreinaiic emotions which can hu no 

dily called into |ilay, who have noted the einuUlion whinb uich member 
dbcovors lo outvie his colk'ajtue, and his aniiicly relative to llie honour 
of peraooal diainti-npstedness, who have observed aUo that kind of noblo 
cothusiaanii which uyit accompanies an impulse of geiierDsily, to thu*e, 
ID short, who reflect on thi« cumhination of canto, all tliat would othcr- 
wtM! appear cxlrsordinary will con!ie<|uentIy seeiii only an event of com- 
mon occurrence. The Asicinbly was completely ckctrifictl, and bunta 
ttf feeling sneeecded each other without interval." 

Whatever diAirrncc of political opinion eiinted between MM> de la 
Marck and Micubeaut the latter still cuminucd to prove to the former 
that iio placed implicit confidence in him ; and, about thij time. M. da 

Marck receivrd a fresh mark of his esteem, which was highly grali- 
^ing to him. But wv must now permit M. de h Mnrck la speak for 
liimself : his aolea will, from tbi» lime forth to the death of Miraboau, 
fomi Bu unbrokm narrative. 

"One day in the month of September, 1789, Mirabcau visited nic 
TCfy «rly in the morning, and, soon after he entered the room, ho wud 
lo ine railtcr scriousty, ' M)' de&r friend, it de|iondB eulircly on you lo 
do me a (Treat lerTJce. It'oit have only to spcdk. 1 sirarcely know 
whem lo lay my bead t 1 have not a single crown ; pray lend me a 
•mail sum.' I offered him iminediately iifi\ loui*, the only money I had 
at hand. He thanked me Kiueifrvly, and, ' I do uol know when I 
•hall bo able to repay it you, for 1 have not yet been able lo look aAer 
tba properly which 1 inherit from my foincr, and my rclatioos aru 
alraady involving me In a U«-iuit.' I rmnarkod to him that there was 
not lbe least reason for him to make himself uoeasv about his debt lo 
me, and that I should always feci very happy lo he of Ecrvicv to him in 
this way. in order that I might Uiuh cotitnbuto to lh« free exercise of 
his talcnu oitd opinion. He scrmcd to be mutb touched at the manner 
in which his request hod been received by mc* and aaid to me with con- 



tidenble emalioD. thai tip had not nt met with anybodjr in ihp woflil 
■ ho hod prored cucli a true friend to IiIri u I had been. From this 
thoe till 111* death he ner«r c«ated to >how a [irofoaiid sen«« of ih« gn- 
liiade be experienced towards me. Penwnallj, I luv9 never had reisoa^ 
to eomtJain of bia> ; to me Iw wu always a aiue*n, confiding, 
devoted friend : bi; ereu hat ^Ten, out anfVnfneolly, provfs of ha 
deference to my advice or opittions, which aslonished me eiceedingly. 
when I look into cooaidenilioR the impcttxMi* tulurc of hit di*pofitioa. 

" The Count in Mtrabeca po aa cwed. la comnKm with many rora, 
verv sertotu defects, aa well as QtUD(>roa« noble and eirellent qualitlM,' 
pcrfiapE rnreljr blended in «ucli a degree in ihe inme m.ta. Th* alight] 
Krvicc which I hurc just recorded thai I rendered him, placed im in a | 
puition to diicu«« tbe details of hit pecuniary matters with liim, 
by this meant I became fully conrioccd thai thi* man, who va^ occtncij 
by the world of mulily, hnd nerer on any occaatoa sacrificed any prin*^ 
ctptc to money. He had denounced stock -jobbitif* in §everal Irea^sci^J 
by which ha gained nothing; while, at the aame time, Moci-jobber 
oRered him cnasiilenble aumt, to hiduce bhn to write in their faroar or 
to buy his silence, and yet when he refused thete terms, he was wnd 
to the Mont do Pictl.' all tbo gwd* and chatteU that he jMnneacod. 
wrote a pamphlet upon the nancjuc de Saint Charles : and when F[ wat ' 
on the point of bcinj^ published, this bank endnvonred in vun to make 
him relinquish his purpose, by offering him very advanlagoous (erm^ 
but be refiised even to tislirn to them. .\t a later period be wai accused 
of dipping rather deeply inlo the Duko of Orleans' coffers ; and yet 
waa « the exaa momeni at which, according to report, these Imsur 
were being showered upon hiiu, that ho applied to mo wtih in air of 
great emli.iriaiiment for the loan of B few luitit. 

" I feel il my duly, as fiir as poscible, to prove tho injuslice of titcfl 
odious impulationi, whieli almost all the works on the Frvndi Rmola-*^ 
tion have contributed to circulate ; therefore. 1 must aj^in declant, that 
Mirabcau never at any time McriSccd hi« principlca to his pecuniary 
interests. True, ho recpired money from ihe Kin^ ; hut then it was in 
order to saie the King himself, and not as the price for the surrender 
of his opinion*. On the contrary, it was for lh« express purjjotc of 
being nhle to tairry ihum o«l with grfutcr encrsy; Pir .in obwMTfir mighty 
havu duiectcii in the demoL-rulic harao^puee of MirBbesu, a feeling 
ailacbmcnt to the princiuK-ii of monarchy far itroaircr than that wnict 
was displayed ev«n by llm King's; minimprn. Ili<i oiiiniun in farour i 
the rrto ahaolu, when Al. Necker endeavoured to n-oaKr the King laus- 
Red with the veto tumiui/; his abscnlint; himiclf from the mccliuf of _ 
the Hh of August ; ti'a aversion to the dM'iratian lUt ilroitt ; hi* Rptwch^' 
upon the right of peace and war; all thi< will abundantly prure, I think 
that his principles nilh regard to government were mora monArcbic 
than democrat ical. It is well to remark In^, that nil ihn faeiH which 
haTo just related, occurn-d some time previous to hiw relations with 
GourC Above all, it ii Dot correct to say that Mirabcau received coo*'' 
iidcmble turns from the King. We thai] anon see to what th«<e> ore 

"Tbc Count dc Mimbcan had strong and ungovernable passions. 
Ho was sot a lillle prond of his birth, but etperieneed much bitter tecl- 
0)g at being unable to live suitably to his rank. IJis wife posaessed a 
large fortune : he was acptmtcd, howcrcr, from her, and therefore be 



gained no ail*anl^|o at thia quartor. I)n scnrccly recciTcd aiiTlhing^ 
ttom hw fiithcr, tW Marf|ul>i Oc Mir»bi.-au, during hla tifi>time, and «t 
bh doalh. as 1 have previoiuly ateutioaed, Mirabeati faiiiKl liimMlf 
uddUd with btcmaitcd <lilficult4cs anil rxpontcs. He tmd nlway* ttood 
in need oT inoacj, mid till this period li« had liv^ very mi»«rsbly and 
had contracled nuiDeroiis debit. In this nay li? reucWd his fortielb 
year, but not willioiit liring much Ktiiimil in consc(]uciic« of hi* unfor> 
tuoatv circiini»t3iic(-), which made hiiu appear to bold an inferior po«- 
tioD, whvD in ihf> focioty of pcraons whose i-qtial hv wa* in liirth, and 
lo whom ho felt hintKlf imnKnscly nujicriur lu iiiliid and taleiitiL ll 
b well known that the Mart|ui» de Mirabcou wa» cxinimdy tiivioun of 
bta «au's literary endonniFniE, and Ihat iu all tlicir dina^reeuienli the 
greAtcat fault «aa ou thn father's side. He procured agaiii^t kts doh 
■iftwni Is/tret Je tadM. Tho want of iDoocy, the injurtire of his father, 
«k1 Avqucnt iiDprisonnieiit, all contributed inatcnally to sour and per> 
vert Miralwou's character, and bts whole life was tii consequence much 
iufluoDcvd by these unloHard circuniKtaiicca. 

" From ihe time of my couvi^rtiatioii with tho Koopor of thtt Seals, I 
became convinced thnt the niiimk-r deetived hlnisi'lf as to tlio Rieaos 
which should be emplojcd for taviog bb couuiry, and 1 bitterly de- 
plorod Ihtt fato which awaited Franco. Tliit bvauiiful country had 
flouriitiiHl for fouricen bandred vcars undt^r a nioiiarehical govrrnmeiit, 
and drilifaliim had not been for ono luomcnt checked in its progress, 
but now. alas 1 tlio Frpncb nation was corrupted by the doclriiies of an 
idle and shallow philoaophy, and was led away by thi- wild hnraDguus of 
a few ambttmis mm, so thai in 17S9 it began to imagine thai it was 
again plun^^ed into hnrhnrisnt. It sought suddenly to decompose the 
elenients, from the induencv of nhieh it had succeeded in reaching the 
irsl rank wnong nations, and began to plan n new basis, upon which to 
ORCt its destinj for an iinfathomshle fiilurily. Certainly never was 
subject inor« ctilctilaied to inspjri.- nien*s minds with deep Uiuujjlit, nor 
could, iber* be one which wiu so likely immediately to touch tbrir own 
inUmU Dllder whatever form it presented iuelf to thorn. 

" Though not bom in France myself, it will already hnvi.' bt-'eii per- 
ceived how enlirely iny welfare was interwoven with that of this country; 
consMjUBiitly I felt myself eotnpWuly bewildered and awod nt cvcdu 
whiob were dnily occurriiu; hefbra my eyes, and watchii^d their result 
with oniioua interest, ny conversations with the Count do .Mirabeau 
and several other friendsi, wlio were more or less imparlial but wcll- 
infomied with itgtutd to wlial was g[oiti)iC forwnrd, sucli as Meilhan 
Dubticq. the Abbe dv Montesquieu, the Archbiihop d'Aii, all starved 
j^iliully to eolifthteu mo reipc<:ting the true itnte of afTaJrs; and I 
ihinlt 1 ouiy seniuro to say, that from the cummenceinnil of the revolu- 
lino, I was one of tliovc persoiii who leost dccvimd th(-m»'lvi-M as to 
Uio coUunitM which awaited 1-Vanco. I did not, however, n-Unquish the 
idea of o]>i-oin^ the eyes of the King and Queen to their true lolereMi, 
and as my visit to tbc Krr|)«r of ihv SenU liad re>Milted io nothing, I 
FMOItm to take anolh<<r and more decided step in a dilTcrrnt quarter, in 
order to Istimstf to ttic Court the conduct which ought to he pursued 
with regard to tbe Count de Mirabeau. 

" Ever since my <»tah)Uhmeat in France I had fntiuented ilie society 
of ibn (*otinle:<s d'Onun, Lady io Wajtiog to the Uuwd, whot il w>U 
1m rstnemlwrcd, waa treated wilb tbe grcotesl confideoee by Marie 


<Oi«m. to Bra AtitMBt fa- m 
Am C'mat. -it M^A^h. m^ma mhi 

tw« jnfToo^ 31 (vw. lac fen «^ 

tfc» IiInsfrfeA: xHFcd nm h 

'■> • 1 fainv SV1V fa- «w M^nl 
* Kb: «hrs 1 fatar^ t&K i«i wen : 
JOB Uii ooIt mjock kai 

T<M Td sever io zai^A^r *icK ks; «i4 iOa» 
£3ir frrita loa vidk mpeci Id what raa Ank 

fbniiBate to be ndoeed to m> pnrfU >■ cxnvai^, as to be i iimim lb il to 
baie nconnc to Mnbcoa.' 

- Tbii naoBn- cf Tirvit« tbe s^bjcflt, wbkb ms jnnH i b h: on man 
aemaiits thaa one, and acainn nidb I hs it voold be nub, n to 
nsMB, feuwag J nc fx tit& a ^ .x, hat I £d mm loae all bope ; mj reU- 
tioBS vrb Minbeoa pre se efpecsl lamuiwennt. Eabk day, for 
■j own put, I faiod in tben Miaiter for gmwr interest ; and en hii 
ude, be sboved sore Aattmaf d efacn o e tian erer to nj oftiiuan. He 
had fahb in mj ad*kp, becavse he feh it was sioeere. I a&ked bim of 
my ovn aMord, if be had n<ed of more moner, and aid to him that if . 
be would promise lo hare recoorse to im ooe bat mnrif m aocfa a emae, 
I should haie the zreale«i pleasure in tendii^ him fifkr loota a nxmth, 
which, with the emotament of deptdr, wonU ^dBce to drinr his ordin- 
ary expenses. With regard to bis debts, I thooght 1 might conscicn- 
tiously advice b!m not to perplex himself with endesTonring to pay 
theiD at preseitt, but to postpooe their liqnidatioo till the time hie ahoold 
be able to put his father's estate in order, whic^ aii aagun ent would 
amply satisfy his creditors. 1 coocloded by telling him, that I thought 
if he followed the plan I had laid down for him, be woold be able to 
preserre his independence, and would be able to exercise his talents 
freely in the furlheraitce of his own glory and for tbe public good. 

" I should find it impossible to give an adequate descriptioQ of the 
manner >n which he expressed Us gratitude to me cm this occasioQ. 
He was deeply touched by my anxiety for his liitare fame, and from the 
natural and unrestrvued eloquence with which he poured forth his 
feelings, I became more and more assured that in the heart