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Full text of "The Berkeley manuscripts. The lives of the Berkeleys, lords of the honour, castle and manor of Berkeley, in the county of Gloucester, from 1066 to 1618;"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

University of Toronto 



http://www.archive.org/details/berkeleymanuscri01smyt 



ST) '"^f 




THE BERKELEY MANUSCRIPTS 



Hibes of tjje 33erfeele^s 



THE BERKELEY MANUSCRIPTS 



THE 



LORDS OF THE 
HONOUR, CASTLE AND MANOR OF BERKELEY 

Jn t\)t Qlottutg of (Gloucester 

From 1066 to 1618 

WITH A DESCRIPTION OF THE 

HUNDRED OF BERKELEY AND OF ITS INHABITANTS 

BY JOHN SMYTH, OF NIBLEY 



VOL. I 



Edited by Sir JOHN MACLEAN, F.S.A., etc. 

FOR THE BRISTOL AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY 



GLOUCESTER: PRINTED BY JOHN BELLOWS//L 

FOR THE SUBSCRIBERS 

MDCCCLXXXIII 



0i0{)t I^onoucable 
franciiS JOilliam f it^ J^arbing 25n:feclep 

CljiiSf 2l9mioic of tfjc Eiteief of tfjc SJccftelcpiOf, 

gor&jB? of tf)c i^onoui:, tfajerrie an& iatganor of 25crhcfep, etc, 

i^rittai bp 3[of)n J>mptf) of ||>ililep 

in m.ti,cxitii'} 

^ceie^ettoeti in tl)e iOt^uninient t&oom 

of 

23crfericp ^TaiEftle 

ana note toit^ fiijg jllor&jg?l)ipjg ycrmij^jEfion ScjBft gcintd t 

tj9?, ftp tt)g 

j^CjBgJtifnt anti <gounciI 

of tf)g 

aggjjEgtol Qrit> (0IoiiccjStttrj3t)ir:c 3llrcf)go!ogtcal jSocietp, 

moj^t gratefullp 

E'^icat^ 



PEDIGREE OF SMYTH OF NIBLEY 



PEDIGREE OF SMYTH 

(from the visitations of 




Anne, J eldell dau.^ 
of Sr. Edw. Brom- 
fieldt of Suffolk 
place in Co. Surr. 
Knt. bur* 2 Da. 
1643 aged ^6 M. I. 



=John Smith % of North Nibley= 
in Com. Glouceflr. Efqr. one of 
His Mats. Juflices of the Peace 
for ye County of Glocefler. born 
8 Sept. 9 Jac. l)a/>.* 1 2 Sep. 161 1 
and is now living jet. 71. Died 
17 Sep. 1692 aged 82 iur.* M.I. 



=Anne, youngefldaur. Thomas J Smith of=T=Mary eldeft dau. 



of John Bromfield of Stonehoufe in 

Udimer in Co: Suflex, Com : Glouc. now 

gent : 2. wife. Died living 1682. Bap* 

21 Mar. 1686, aged 27 Dec. 161 3 
72. bur* M. I. 



and coheir of 
Stephen Fowler 
of Stonehoufe 
Co. Glouc. gt. 



Mary J wife of 
Chriflopher 
PurnellJ of 
NibleyinCom: 
Gloc.gt.J/an* 
Z Jan. 1632. 3. 



T 



1 

.1.3 
William = 
Smith 
obijt. 
apud 
Metllopo- 
tan in the 
EaR 
Indies 



1 — 

u 

Anne 
wife of 
John 
Nourfe 

of 
AVefton 
under 
Penyard 
in CO. 
Hereford 
Efqr. 



Edward Smith of= 
North Nibleyafore- 
faid set: 50. ann : 
1682. DiedT,i on. 
&^ bur.* 4 jVo?'. 
1700 aged 70. He 
was a Bencher of 
the Middle Temple, 
one of H. M. Judges 
for the Circuit of 
South Wales, High 
Steward of the 
Borough of South- 
wark d^r. M. T. 
Will dated 4 May 
1692 



I I I I I 

1 John btir* 
1 June 1 67 1 

2 Edward 
bur* 8 Feb. 
1680. I 

3 Jane bur* 

6 Ofl. 1681 <■ 

4 Rofe bur. 
29 0^.1681 

5 Heflher 
bur* 8 Feb. 
27 ap. 1681 



:Rofe 
youngefl, 
dau. of 
Sr. Edw. 
Leigh of 
Shipley 
in Com. 
Derb. 
Knt. 
Mar.* 
20 Jan. 
1658. 9. 
but* 29 

oa. 1689 



John 

died at 

Naples 

ao. 

1665 

coelebs 



rill 

7 John ] ^ 

8 Anne ( g 

9 Dorothy ( ^ 

10 Heflher ' oj 



Cordelia 
daur. of 
John 
Everett 
of the 
Citty of 
Canter- 
bury gt. 
hur* 21 
Mar. 



5 |6 

Thomas =j=Elizabeth Margaret 
daur. of bap* 

26 Dec. 

Carrick of 1638 wife 
Ireland of Wm. 

Archard of 



Smith 
baf* 
2 Jan. 
1637.8 
now liv- 
ing in 
Ireland 
1682. aet. 
44. ann: 



-I II 



Nibley in 
co:Glouc: 
gt. Mar.* 
22 Dec. 
1658. 
he bur* 
I June 
1668 
JJie bur* 
12 Aug. 
1708 



Elizabeth 


James 


bap* 


bap* 


10 Dec. 


1 1 Jan. 


1639 wife 


1640. I 


of Tho : 


now 


Veel of 


living un- 


Simonds- 


married 


hall in co: 


1682 


Glouc: gt. 


set. 40 


Mar.* 




22 Jany. 




1662. 3. 





James of 


John Smith 


the City of 


ajt : 18. ann: 


London 


1682. 


now liv- 




ing 1682 




set : II 




an: Will 




dated 





John ffit : 8. 
Thomas a;t : 6. 
Elizabeth aet : 6. 
and others 



* At Nibley. 



1709 



t The names thus marked are mentioned in the will of John Smyth, dated 1640. 



OF NIBLEY 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE 1623 AND 1683) 



Richard Smith eldell fonne 
hath iffue. 

Grace dan. and heir^ 
of Willi Thomas 
and Alice his wife 
dau. of Richard 
Hill and relifl of 
John Drc7t.< of Nib ley 
who was bur. * 3 1 
Mar. 1597. Mar.* 
by lie. J Oc7. the 
fame year. Died c)lh 
and bur.* nth 
Noil. 1609. 



Wilhnus Smith de Humberflone=i=Emot one of the 5 doughters 
in Com. Lincoln. [ and heirs of 

Joane doughter of Richard 
Alan of Derbie. 



Thomas Smith de Hooby in Com, 
Leiceller fecond fonne. 



r- 

=John 

living 

1640. 

1640. 



T 



Smyth of Nibley in Com. Glouc. gen. 
ao. 1623. Died 2jth and bur.* 2"] Feb. 
I. aged 73 M. I. Wilt dated i. Dec. 
Prov. 16 Akw.., 1641. (^135 Evelyn.) 




:Mary | elded doughter of 
trowning in Cowley 
Glouc.) Gen. mar. at 
Cowley 9 Jan. 1609. 
Executive to hufband's Will. 



=t=Mary \ ( 

John Hr 

I (Co. Glc 



daughter mar 
Stephen 
Fowler { 



UrfulaJ bap* i May 
i6i8 wife of Will. 
ThorpJ of Wands- 
well in poch. de 
Berkeley com. 
Glouc. Efqr. mar* 
10 Jany. 1636. 7. 



Elizabethf wife 
of Edw. HillJ of 
Cam in Com. 
Glouc. gt. Mar* 
10 Jan. 1636. 7. 



William Smith J bap* =pCath. fole dr. and George SmithJ= 

22 May 1625 of South- heir of Richd. born 2% bap. ^o 

field in poch de Kings- Martin of Nibley May 1629 of 

wood in Com. Wilts ob: in com : Glouc. Twickenham 

cir : 17 Mar: 1681 at Afar.* 16 Mar. in co. Midd. 

cir. 57. 1646.7. living ao. 1682. 




=Mary fole 
dau. and heir 
of David 
Offley of 
the City 
of London 
gent. 



=FAnne 



Anne fet : 5. 
Mary set : 4. 



Smith a 


eldeft 1 


Druggift 


daur. of i 


in Lon- 


Samuel i 


don now 


Symonds 


living 


of the 


1682 £et. 


Citty of 


28. 


London 


1 


Druggift 

1 1 



Gabraell 
aetat. i. ann : 




Richard J born 
31 Mar. bap." 
zAp. 1 63 1 and 
Sarah bap* 23 
Sep. 1627 bur* 
2 Feb. 1642. 3 
ob. s. prole 



1 Anne aet : 5. 

2 Grace aet: 3. 



TTTTT 

1 fWilliam ast. 

2 John 

3 Margaret 

4 ^L1ry 

5 George 
5 Richard 
7 SarahJ 

5 Thomas 



h 



Offley 
Smith 
a;t. 12 
ann: 
1682. 



^^^^ 



Mary set : 8 
ann : 1682. 



*At Nibley 



+ This Will. Smith is now relident at North-Nibley, and married Mary dau. of Thos. White of FidlefordV 
in poch. de Sturmiftr. Newton in com. Dorfet, widow of Edw. Codrington, of Sutton in Wiltfli., but hath as. 
yet no iiTue. 



PEDIGREEOF SMYTH 



I.e. B. 90. 554. 
I. 33. 290. 
K. S- 35- 



George Smyth 
of North Nibley 
in Co : GlouC : 
Efq. aged 17 
years in 1682. 



=Margaret, da : 
of Charles 
Dowdefwell 
of Forthampton 
in Co : Glouc. 



Richard Mitton : 
of Haiaon Co : 
Salop, Elquire. 
Ill Hufbd. 



-Lastitia Owen, only Sifter & Heir= 
of her Brother Thomas, born 5th & 
bapt. at Condover 14th April 1696 
died 10 & burd. 20 Aug: 1755. Will 
dat. 16 Oft. 1750. 



=Traflrord Barnfton, of 
Trafford in Co : Pal : 
Ceft: Efq. 2d. Hufbd. 
Marrge.Covents.dated 
7th & 8 May. 1735. 



George Smythe of North Nibley in=pLucy, Daur & Co-heir of 



Com. Glout'. Efq. living 1763. borti 
21 Ap. bap.* 5 May 18 12 Died at 
Shreic'Jbiiry oy bur*-^\ Jan. iTJi. 



Biggs of Benthall, 
Co. Salop, by Lucy his wife, 
buried at Nibley, 



Sally married at St. TheRev.JohnSmythe 

Mary's in Shrews- of Moretonon theHill 

bury 13 July 1767 to in Com. Glouc., Clerk. Son and Heir. 

Rev. Saml. Sandys SometimeCornet in the born i() and bap 

Sonof Edwin Sandys Princeof Wales's Regt. 27, AJarch i']2,6 

Prebendary of Wore, of Dragoon Guards. 



George Smythe =Anne only daur 

of NiblevEfquire of Thomas Willis 

ofWhaddonHall 

in Co. Bucks Efq. 

ob : s. p. 



Nicholas Smythe^ 
of Condover & of 
North NibleyKfq. 
High Sheriff of 
Co. Glouc. died 
3 March 1790. 



^Anna-Maria fucceeded to the 
Condover Eftates by her 
(Grandmother's Will. Mard. 
at St. Geo:, Han; Sq. 19 Jan. 
1767. Died 27 Feb. 1776 
aged 33. burd. at Condover. 



Edward Pemberton- 
of Longnor in the 
County of Salop 
Efquire. 



c 

:Anna - Maria - Emma 
eldeft daughter bom 
15 May 1770 & mar- 
ried at Condover 9 
Feb: 1792 now eldefl 
Coheir of her Brother 
1814 



1 

Nicholas -Owen Smythe-Owen of Condover^ 
Efquire eldeft Son & Heir born 7 March 
1769 took the Surname & Arms of Owen 
by virtue of the King's Royal Sign Manual 
bearing date 24 Feb. 1790 died without 
Iflue 30 Jan: 1804. buried at Condover. 
Will dat: 20 Dec. 1797. proved with a Cod: 
21 Feb. 1S07. (P. C. C.) 



Edward - William - Smythe Pemberton only Son 
and Heir apparent born 28 Dec. 1793, affumed 
the Surname and .Arms of Owen inftead of that 
of Pemberton by virtue of the Royal Sign Manual 
bearing date the 24 December 1814 and is now 
Edward - William Smythe - Owen of Condover 
Efquire 181 5. Died 9 April 1863. s. p. 



Harriet Pemberton 
eldeft daughter. 



Caroline Pemberton 
fecond & youngeft 
Daughter. 



1 

:Harriet only dau:' of James 
Townfend of Bruce Caftle in 
Tottenham Co : Middx. Efq. 
Alderman and fomc-time 
Lord Mayor of London. 
Marrd. at 'I'ottenham 12 July 
1790. Living 1815. 



•At Nibley 



OF NIBLEY 



c. 37. 141. c. 35. 92 

Joanna, daughter of Sir Ralph^f^ThomasOwenof Con-=pIfabella,daughter 



Aslheton and Sifter of Sir Ralph 
Asfheton of Whalley Bans & 
Widow of Peter Bold of Bold 
in Co: Pal Lane. Efq. 



dover in Com. Saloj), 
t.fquire aged 22 years 
1664 buried 8 June 
1678, at Condover. 



of. 

buried 

4 Keby. 1676, at 
Condover 



Thomas Owen 
elded fon and 
Heir apparent 
aged 9 years 
in Augf. 1664. 



Theophilia 
only daur 
baptized at 
Condover 
S Jan. 1674. 



lane daughter of =f Roger Owen of Con-=pCatherine daui' of 



William Owen 



Vaughan of marrd. 

in the Chapel of the Free School 
Salop 20 May 1694 burd.. 24th 
June 1700 at Condover. 



dover Efq : 2d. Son 
& Heir bapt: there 3d. 
Dec. 1674 died 17 18 
buried at Condover. 



Booth of 3d. & youngefl Son 

2d. wife died bapt : at Condover 

at Weft Chefter 4 February 1676. 

burd. 25 06t: 1743 burd. 15 0&.. 1716. 
at Condover. 



Edward Owen of Elizabeth Thomas Owen of Condover 
Condover Efq. eldt. bapt: at Efq: 2d. Son & Heir to his 
Son & Heir bapt. Condover Bror. Edward bapt. at Con- 
there S May 1695 16 July dover 28 Oa : 1698 died 
buried 16 Julv 1 728 1697. without I flfue, buried i Feb: 
at Condover.' s. p. 1731- a' Condover. 



Catherine Owen 
only child by the 
2d. venter died 
unmard. aged 1 7 
years at Condover 



Anna-Maria Mitton=f Sir Charles Leighton=pEmma, daughter of Sir 



only Ifiue&heir of 
her Father died in 
Auguft 1750. 



of Watlefborough in 
Co. Salop Baronet 
died 5th May 1780. 



Robert Maude of Ireland 
Bart. Marrd. in Odtober 
1752. 2d. wife. 



Sir Charleton Leighton Honor 

of Watlefborough ]5aronet died 

eldeft Son and Heir. Died young, 
unmarried in Dec. 1784. 



Annabella mard. 
to\\"illiamChilde 
of Kinlet inSalop 
Efq. Living 1815. 



I 



Sir Robert Leighton 
of Watleftjorough 
aforefaid Bart. 2d. 
Son. fucceeded his 
Brother Sir Charleton 
1784. 



1 

Other 
Iffue. 



Lastitia- Sophia 2d. Sifter and 
Coheir born i Feb: 1772 mard. 
by Special Licence in Porlman 
Square 16 Feb: 1791 to Henry- 
Aug. Leicefter Efq. Brother of 
Sir John Fleming Leicefter 
Baronet of Ireland. =p 



Charles Cholmondeley • 
2d. Son of Thomas 
Cholmondeley of Vale 
Royal in Co : Pal : 
Ceftr : a/iti younger 
brother of Thomas ijl 
Lord Delamcre. Died 
i8i8. 



^Caroline - Elizabeth 
3d, Sifter and Coheir 
married 18 Jan. 1794. 



Louifo - Harriet 4th Sifter & 
Coheir mard. at St. George 
Plaiiover Square in May 1798, 
to Charles Leii:efter of Stan- 
thorne liill in Chefhire Efq. 



Auguftus Peter Leicefter, 
2d. furviving Son. Died 
an hifant. Burd. at Great 
Budworth iti Co : Ceftr : 
12 Aprft 1 80 1. 



Revd. Charles Cooper Cholmondeley^ 
Re6lor of Hodnet, and Perpetual 
Curate of Moreton Say, both Co. Salop. 
Died 5th February 1831. 



Thomas Cholmondeley of Condover Park, Efq. b. 
1823, Major ift Adminiftrative Battalion Shrop- 
fhire Rifle Volunteers, eldeft fon and heir. By 
Royal Licence dat : 3 June 1863 he & his in"ue were 
authorized to affume the Surname and Arms of 
Owen inftead of that of Cholmondeley. Barred 
the entail of eftates by deed dated i June 1863. 
Mar. 1864 ViHoria Alexandrina dan. of John 
Cotes Efq. of Woodcote, Co. Salop, and god- dau. 
of Her Majejly Queen ViHoria, and died the fame 
year. s. p. 



=Mary Sifler of Richard Hebcr Ef</. of Hodnet 
Hall. Salop and Marlon Co. York and of 
Reginald Heber Biflwp of Calcutta mar. 

I 1822. She mar. fecondly Rev. Samuel H. 

I Macauley Reflor of Hodnet. 

Reginald Cholmondeley 0f=^Hon. Alice Mary Egerton 



Condover Park Efq. heir of 
his brother Thotnas, M.A. 
Trin. Coll. Camb. born 20 
Ap. 1826 Major i Bait. 
28/// Salop Volunteers. 



2 dau. of William ifl Lord 
Egerton of Iditon mar. 
i-jih on. 1867. Died 27 
Novr. 1868. 



Alice only child 
died II Dec. 1868. 



This Pedigree is an amalgamation of the entries at the Vifitation of 1623 (attefted by John Smith whofe coat is there impaled 
with Browning) and of 1683— attefted by Wm. Smith where the fimple ftiield (not here repeated) of Smith, alone is 1 ricked. 
S Jany 1883. Stephen Tucker, Somerfet. 



PREFACE 

The members of the Briflol and Gloucefterfhire Archaeological 
Society fhould feel deeply grateful to Lord Fitz Harding for his 
obliging permiffion to print the long celebrated and moft valuable 
hiflorical MSS. of Mr. Smyth, which for two and half centuries were 
carefully and clofely preferved by fucceffive Lords Berkeley in the 
Muniment Room at Berkeley Caflle. For purpofes of Topography, 
Biography, and Genealogy, thefe works may juftly be efteemed as not 
inferior to any which have been ever iffued from the prefs. 

During the whole of a long life Mr. Smyth was Steward of the 
Hundred of Berkeley, and of all the Manors of the great Berkeley 
Eflate. It muft, however, be borne in mind that his office was very 
different in character from that of noblemen's ftewards at the prefent 
day. Under the old manorial fyftem the Steward flood in the place of 
the Lord himfelf, as the judges now ftand in the place of the King. He 
prefided as judge of all the Courts leet, which were held twice a year, 
and, within their jurifdidtion, took cognizance of all offences under high 
treafon. He prefided alfo at the Courts Baron of all the Manors, ufually 
held every three weeks. Thefe Courts, and their being regularly held, 
were effential to the exiflence of a Manor. If the Court Baron ceafed 
to be held, the Manor, ipfo fa6lo, ceafed to exift. The Courts Baron 
took cognizance of all injuries, trefpaffes, debts and other a(5lions under 
40/- between perfon and perfon ; and they were charged with the prefer- 
vation and maintenance of all the cuftoms and franchifes of the Manor, 
the prefentation of the deaths, &c., of tenants, and of all abufes, encroach- 
ments, nuifances and injuries which might be to the prejudice of the 
Lord. It is true the free tenants, or homagers, a(fting upon their oaths, 

were 



ii PREFACE 

were the judges, yet the Steward prefided and regulated the procedure. 
In fad; the office of Steward of a Manor was a judicial one requiring 
legal knowledge and fpecial training. In this office Mr. Smyth had 
charge of the valuable evidences in the Muniment Room of the Caftle. 
To the ftudy of thefe rich treafures he devoted liimfelf, and taking a 
deep intereft in the honour, welfare, and dignity of the great family 
which he ferved, he was led to write a hiftory of the lives of the firfl 21 
Lords of Berkeley, extending from the Norman Conqueft down to 1628. 
In his original title-page Smyth profeffes to have continued his hiftory 
to the year 1618 only, but he mufl; fubfequently have added to it, and 
in fome inftances has brought it down to 1628, in writing having for his 
chief objecft the inftrudtion and information of the young lord George, 
then a minor, pointing out for his warning, and that of his fucceffors, 
the errors and faults of their forefathers, and as an example the good 
deeds their progenitors had performed. He alfo traced the devolu- 
tion of the numerous Lordfliips, Manors and Lands, which, during five 
centuries, the family had held. Not only did he, in the profecution of 
this and his other works, altogether twenty-one in number, of which we 
fhall fpeak more in detail hereafter, make himfclf thoroughly acquainted 
with the precious evidences at Berkeley, but having become an accom- 
plifhed reader of ancient documents,^ he alfo acquired fuch ample know- 
ledge of the Public Records of the kingdom as few have attained unto, 
and confidering the fcanty opportunities for examination afforded in his 
time, the refult is very furprifing, and bears ftrong teftimony to his 
diligence and perfeverance. Fofbroke, the County Hiftorian, who was 
one of the very few perfons who were permitted to fee Smyth's MSS., 
fays of him, and we entirely concur in his teftimony, that " As a topo- 
graphical antiquary, he is not excelled by Sir William Dugdale ; nor as 
a genealogift by the Earl of Egmont in his elaborate and comprehenfive 
Hiftory of the Houfe of Ivery .... his Lives of the Berkeleys is 

moft 

1 He flrongly recommended the young Lord George " advifedly to read over fome of thefe accompts 
of his anceflors courfes and fafhions of regulating their Eflates." ..." The hand, he fays, is reafon- 
ably eafy after a Httle acquaintance, as foone attained as the lawe ffrench of Littleton; the latin fniooth 
and delightful." — See page 305. 



PREFACE iii 

mofl minute, and contain many thint^s rcfpecfling the pedigrees of fome 
of our nobility, &c., not to be found in the Peerages or Heralds' Office." 

John Smyth, the author, is fhcwn in a pedigree, recorded in the 
College of Arms, of the Heralds' Vifitation of Gloucefterfhire in 1623, 
as the fon of Thomas Smyth of Hoby in the county of Leicefler, fecond 
foQ of William Smyth of Humberfton in the county of Lincoln, and he 
is allowed the following Arms : — Sa. upon a Chevron engrailed between 
fix croffes patted fitchee or, three fleurs de lis az., each charged with a 
plate. Thefe are the fame Arms as were borne by Richard Smith, 
Alderman of London and Sheriff in 1508, who was the fon of Thomas 
Smith .of Staffordfhire, and anceftor of the family of Smith of Theddle- 
thorpe, except that in the latter the fleurs de lis are not charged. This 
would indicate his defcent from that family. 

John Smyth was born in 1567, and educated at the Free School 
at Derby, whence he came in 1584 to attend upon Thomas, fon and heir 
of Henry, 17th Lord Berkeley, then aged 9 years, at Callowden, where 
the Berkeleys at that time refided. It muft not be fuppofed that young 
Smyth's pofition in the family was of a menial character as we now 
underftand the word. We have fhewn that he was of gentle birth by 
the fad: that his family was armorial, and it was the general pradlice at 
that date, and long before, for the younger fons, and the daughters of 
gentlemen of good anceftry, to become members of great houfeholds 
upon their entrance into life, the former as pages and afterwards as 
efquires, and the latter as waiting gentlewomen. This was of great 
advantage to the young of both fexes — to the former not only in obtain- 
ing inflrudtion in the ordinary branches of education and training in 
military exercifes, but to both the acquifition of courtly manners and a 
feemly behaviour, which in young perfons is of great importance. This 
pofition is illuflrated by the fadt that William Ligon, a fcion of the 
ancient houfe of Ligon of Madresfield, now reprefented by the Lord 
Beauchamp, and nearly related to the Berkeley family, was admitted to 

the 



iv PREFACE 

the houfehold at Callowden at the fame time as Smyth and in the fame 
capacity. The two boys appear to have been as much the companions 
as the attendants of the young Lord, the three lads purfuing their 
ftudies under the fame tutor, and eventually together entering Magdalen 
College, Oxford, where they remained for three years, after which Smyth 
removed to the Middle Temple as a ftudent of Common Law. 

Upon the completion of his ftudies at the Temple Smyth returned 
to the Berkeleys, and in 1596 became Steward of the Houfehold, but 
exchanged that appointment in the enfuing year for the more dignified 
and lucrative office of Steward of the Hundred and Liberty of Berkeley. 
(Mr. J. H. Cooke, in his interefting monograph on " The Berkeley 
Manufcripts and their Author," in Vol. V. of the Tranfa(5tions of the 
Society, has given many particulars of the early life of Smyth, to which 
we are indebted for this flight fketch.) At this time Smyth took up his 
refidence at Nibley, having married Grace, the relidl of John Drew, Efq., 
of that place. She died in 1609 without iffue, and he foon afterwards 
took to his fecond wife, Mary, the daughter of John Browning, of Cowley, 
an alliance in which he took no fmall pride, the lady being defcended 
from Nicholas, fecond fon of Robert Fitz Harding, whofe iffue affumed 
the name of Fitz Nichols. By this marriage Smyth had five fons and 
three daughters.^ 

Smyth was evidently an able, intelligent, and juft Steward, highly 
valued during his fifty years' fervice by fucceffive Lords Berkeley. Their 
confidence in his ability, fhrewdnefs, and tadl, was many times exhibited 
in the very important fpecial family commiflions with which he was 
entrufled ; and in proportion as they valued his fcrvices were they boun- 
tiful in their rewards, which, accompanied by his prudence, enabled him 
to acquire a confiderable eftate. Atkyns, writing of Nibley, fays "George 

Smyth 

1 It feems worthy of a note that, as dated on his monument in Nibley Church, John Smyth, his fon 
and heir, who died in 1692 in the 82nd year of his age, by his two wives had fixteen children, and lived 
to fee feventy and feven perfons lawfully defcended from his own body, fixteen of the firft, fifty and feven 
of the fecond, and four of the third generation. 



PREFACE V 

SiMYTH, Efq., has two very handfomc feats in this parifh, near one another, 
adorned with gardens and groves, and has a large park, well wooded, 
and a great eflate in this and other places." — Ilifl;. Glouc., p. 303. 

Nicholas Smyth, the great grandfon of this gentleman, married 
Anna Maria, eldeft daughter of Sir Charleton Leighton, of Loton Park, 
Co. Salop., Bart., by Anna Maria, his firft wife, daughter and heir of 
Richard Mytton, of Halfton in the fame county, Efq., by Letitia his 
wife, daughter of Roger and fifter and fole heir of Thomas Owen, of 
Condover Hall, in the fame county, Efq., which Letitia, by her will, 
dated in 1750, devifed the Condover Eftates to her grand-daughter, the 
above-mentioned Anna Maria Leighton, in tail male. Mr. Smyth took 
up his refidence at Condover Hall, and was Sheriff of Shropfhire in 1772. 
He left a fon, Nicholas Owen Smyth, who fucceeded him'at Condover, 
and who, in purfuance of the will of his grandmother, who died in 1755, 
by Royal licence dated 24 Feb., 1790, affumed the furname and Arms 
of Owen, in addition to his own; and five daughters, of whom the eldeft, 
Anna Maria Emma, married Edward Pemberton, Efq., and had one 
fon, Edward William Smyth Pemberton, and two daughters. Nicholas 
Owen Smyth Owen, of Condover, married, but dying without iffuc in 
1804, devifed his eftates to his nephew, Edward Willian Smyth Pem- 
berton, above mentioned, who, in compliance with the aforefaid will, 
affumed the furname of Owen in lieu of that of Pemberton, and the Arms 
of Owen. He was Sheriff of Shropftiire in 1819, and married Charlotte 
Maria, daughter of John Madock, of Vron Iw, Co. Denbigh, Efq., but 
died in 1863 without iffue, when the eftates devolved upon Thomas 
Cholmondley, Efq., born 1823, fon and heir of Charles Cholmondley, 
Efq., by Caroline Elizabeth Smyth, 3rd daughter of Nicholas Smyth, 
of Nibley, and Anna Maria Leighton. Mr. Cholmondley, in fucceeding 
to the Condover Eftates, affumed the furname of Owen, but dying in 
1864 without iffue the faid eftates devolved upon his brother, Reginald 
Cholmondley, Efq., now of Condover Hall, and the heir general and 
reprefentative of our author John Smyth. We have troubled our 
readers with this defcent becaufe Mr. Cholmondley has inherited feveral 

of 



vi PREFACE 

of the volumes of Smyth's MSS., which are now at Condover Hall, and 
of which there are no copies at Berkeley Caftle. Of thefe we fliall have 
to fpeak more particularly hereafter. A table fhewing the defcent is 
annexed, compiled, chiefly, from records in the College of Arms, cour- 
teoufly furniflied by Stephen I. Tucker, Efq. (Somerfet Herald.) 

The volume which we now fubmit to the Subfcribers is of great 
importance. 

Irrefpedlive of public events — the Barons Wars in the reigns of 
John, Henry HI., and Edward H., and attainders, forfeitures, executions 
and pardons thereupon, with the atrocious murder of the lafl-named un- 
fortunate monarch in Berkeley Caftle, the wars in France, Scotland, and 
Wales, with the battles, fieges, &c. — there is much of intereft and value 
as reflecting the fecial condition and manner of life of all claffes of the 
community during the period over which this volume extends. This is 
illuflrated by the liberties, franchifes, and cufloms which obtained in the 
Boroughs, Manors, &c. The ftate of agriculture, and the methods of 
cultivation adopted by the Lords of Berkeley on the extenfive demefne 
lands of their numerous Manors, the greater portion of which they kept 
under their own hands, and the extreme regularity and minutiae with 
which the various bailiffs rendered their accounts, is moft interefting 
and inflrud;ive. If bailiffs in thefe days pradtifed fuch careful economy 
and rendered their accounts with fo much exadlnefs and detail, it would 
be greatly to the advantage of their lords. The enormous number of 
cattle, fheep, poultry, &c., bred and brought to account is aftonifhing. 
The fimplicity of manners and the care and attention devoted to houfe- 
hold affairs, efpecially to the management of the dairy, by that high-born 
dame, Jone, the wife of Thomas II. Lord Berkeley, and after her death 
by her daughters, is worthy of notice. 

The houfehold eftablifhment of thefe great lords was very large, 
confifling of fome 300 perfons of all grades, from knights to fcullery 

boys 



PREFACE vii 

boys, the cofi; for which in liveries and diet alone was neccffarily great 
(fee p, 306.) But there is no more interefling detail than the relative 
prices of corn, cattle, and poultry during the reigns of the three Edwards. 
Again we have to notice the foundation of various Monafteries, Priories, 
and Chantries, and a great number of other matters of intereft which it 
would be too tedious to enumerate. 

The author's ftyle is quaint and fimple, but its fimplicity and ftrong 
good fenfe are not more confpicuous than the tone of genuine piety 
which pervades the whole work. It has been ftated that he was tinged 
a little by the rifing puritanifm of the age, but there are paffages in his 
later works which exhibit an entirely different feeling, and inftead of 
fhewing him to have been of a morofe and afcetic difpofition, bear evi- 
dence that he was of a cheerful, affectionate, and happy temperament. 
His remarks in his Hiftory of the Hundred of Berkeley (fo 344) on 
Blu-mead Sunday are worth quoting in illuflration of his generous 
and genial character : — 

" Heere in Stinchcombe, is a parcell of ground called Blu-mead ; from whence 
wee hundredors in theis parts have amongfl vs the name of Blu-mead-Sunday, the 
fecond Sunday after the ffeaft of Penticoft, A place, where the younger fort of both 
fexes accuftomed in the afternoone of that day, to meete from the Townfhips 
adioyninge, to dance, leape, wraftle, and difport themfelves till eveninge, of late 
years, by meanes of fome fevere and rigid Catoes exclaiminge againft fuch recrea- 
tions, quite difcontinued. My opinion whereof, and of other like fociable meetings, 
Churchales, Wakes, Saints feaft daies &c. I purpofed in this place to have left to 
you, as a plain legacy of my minde therin : As alfo I did in the defcription of 
Alkington, fo. 30, when I wrote of Ram-mead-Sunday, which is the Sunday next 
before this of blu-mead : and the rather becaufe I throughout this defcription have 
expreffed to what Saints each Church was dedicated, and the feaft kept ; But nowe 
through the great length wherto this booke is growne, and of what more I am 
neceffarily to write, I will herein fave paper and paines, and refer you, my fonne, 
(amongft many others) to Mr. Carewes Survey of Cornwall, fol. 68.69 ^-^d forwards: 
And to Mr. Burtons booke of Melancholly . fol. 256. 257 and forwards, in his third 
edition ; with whom I ioyne in opinion, and fubfcribe to the Kings Declaracon ; 

and 



viii PREFACE 

and like well in this my decrepid age to walke in fofner time, on Sundaies after 
Eveninge praier, with my wife to Hadleis Greene, betweene our two houfes, and 
there to behold my neighbours childrin and fervants, with yours and mine owne, 
to runne at Barly-breakes, dance in a ringe, and fuch like fports, as they like befl : 
A laudable recreation, which hath noe repugners fave wayward difpofitions, and 
men of too fterne a Judgement, as though the text of Solomon where apochriphall, 
That there is a time for all things." 

In editing the volume we have endeavoured to adhere as clofely 
as poffible to the literal text and pundluation of the author. His 
orthography is, for an educated man of the period, very irregular, and it 
would not be eafy or defirable to reduce it to modern ufage. He gives 
numerous references in his text to his own folios, both preceding and 
fubfequent, and inafmuch as it would not have been pradlicable to give 
fuch references to the printed pages, we have marked the original MS.* 
folios in the margins, fo that reference may be eafily made. We have 
added copious indices to fubjeds and names of pcrfons and places, but 
to fave fpace only one reference is given to the fame name on any page, 
though it may occur feveral times, and we have not attempted to in- 
dividualize thofe of the Berkeleys bearing the fame Chriftian name. 
Such additions as we have made are enclofed in square brackets. 

In conclufion, we have to tender our befl thanks to Edward Peacock, 
of Bottesford Manor, near Brigg, Efq., F.S.A., for his courtefy in perufmg 
the proofs on behalf of Lord Fitz Harding ; to J. H. Cooke, of Berkeley, 
Efq., F.S.A., for his kindnefs in collating the text of the MS. with that 
of the volumes prefented to George Lord Berkeley by Smyth himfelf, 
which are now at Berkeley Caflle ; to Stephen I. Tucker, Efq. (Somerfet 
Herald) for the elaborate pedigree of Smyth ; to Mr. J. A. C. Vincent for 
the extreme accuracy and clearnefs with which he has made the tranfcript; 
and to the printer, for the great care he has taken in the execution of his 
portion of the work. 

J. M. 



511 relation of rtjc liuctf of tftc Uorb •:25crhdfprf of 23crftflcp Cajeirtc 
in tl)c Countp of >i31oucc^tcr 

DECLARINGE their seuerall acts, titles, sirnames, matches, issues, 

PURCHASES, sales, DONATIONS, SUITES IN LAWE, FORRAIGNE IMPLOYMENTS IN WARRES 

AND EMBASSES, AND DOMESTICALL IN CIUILL AFFAIRES AT HOME, THE MANNER 

OF THEIR DEATHS, AND PLACES OF BURIALL, WITH THEIR ARMES, SEALES, 

ATCHIUEMENTS OF HONOR, EMBLEMES AND EPITAPHES, 

WITH SUCH OTHER MEMORABLE OCCURRANCES, AS HAUE BEFALLEN THAT ANTIENT AND 

HONORABLE FAMILY IN THE VARIOUS MOTIONS AND ACCIDENTS THEREOF, FROM 

THE VEARE OF CHRISTS INCARNATION : 1066 : THE FIRST OF THE RAIGNE OF 

KING \VILLIAM CALLED THE CONQUEROR, UNTILL THE YEARE : 1618 : 

THE SIXTEENTH OF THE RAIGNE OF KING lAMES OF ENGLAND. 

&c. AND OF SCOTLAND THE ONE AND FIFTIETH 

WITH A DESCRIPTION OF THE HUNDRED OF BERKELEY, AND OF THE INHABITANTS 
THEREOF IN THE SAID COUNTY OF GLOUCESTER, 

COLLECTED AND DISPOSED 
BY THE ENDEAVORS OF 



lohn : Smith 



Co tljc nicmorp of ti)c niojeft 3llnticnt anD Ijonorablc fiiniilp of tljc 

6erkclcg0 of ficrltclcg tflastle 

in tljc Countp of ^BlouccjJtcr, €l)c oblntion of a ^crljantjef mptc anti Dutp. 



' I ^HK Cuftome of thofc who write hiftories, is to propofe in the 
begininge a modell of the fubiedl they meane to handle : ^ine 
is, of noble men apd noble mindes, whom I will not celebrate aboue the 
merit : .^Stanli or ftoope they fhall unto themfelues : %abot I will through 
all the monthes of. 550. yeares to refledt to this family, the image of it 
felfe, in all or the moft remarkeable adtions and accidents, changes and 
chances, which in the raignes of 24 princes of this <JEnglMl) monarchy 
have fallen upon the difcendants thereof. 

Ambitioufly He take a tafke in hand, 
Whofe greatnes with my weaknes cannot ftand : 
He walke a wayles way, with untrod pace, 
Which yet noe former man with foot did trace. 
He travel! where noe path is to bee feene, 
Of any humane ftepp that there hath beene, 

%\t ftriue to tell that noble family in generall, 311nli particularly that 
matchles Lady mother, the noble Lord George her fonne, and his 



virtuous fifler the Lady Theophila, (all the frutes which the laft uintage 
of their parents hath Left ripened from pofterity, That, 

Their race was not of yefterday or lately brought to paffe, 

Of old it was, And know they fhall, whence it's begininge was. 

Prefent them I will with my gleanings of forty yeares vacant houres, 
howe unboundfoeuer thofe handfulls bee, gathered out of the vafl; feilds 
of theire evidences, the Kings feuerall Courts, Defolated Monafteries, 
the priuate flores of more then fowerfcore men, with an hundred other 
manufcripts & chartularies. 

Sound warranties, for this my worke and mee, 
To bring them truth fetcht from antiquitee, 
Whereby theire lives from ftroke of death feeme free 
And they as borne of immortalitee : | 

01Ic begg noe further fauor or protection, then as upright and fayth- 
full writinge fhall deferue. In a playne and home-bred flile cleere from 
paffion or partiallity, He freely write the truth I know, And beginne my 
ftory thus : 



®l)c Cifc of i^avMng 



The life of Harding fonne to the King of Domefday booke. 
Denmarke, the firft Anccflor or Moch^fat^ct of this chron-iherufai : 

diuerlae carta; in 

noble family of the Berkeleys, fliled in writings Herd, catirode Berkeley 
Herdig, Hardine, Herdine, but mofl ufually Herding, Aug : pedeg : per 
Hardingus, and Harding, which Laft I wifh to bee NewiandVetus 

, ^ iA 1 111TT iT^ manufcript in 

oblerued. And may bee called Harding the Dane. Caftr:deBerket:et 

Contcmporarp with William the Conqueror, Witfm Rufus, aiij. 
and King Henry the firft, from the yeare : 1066 : to the 
yeare : 1 1 1 5. 

KINGE EDWARD, furnamed the Confeffor, being dead without iffue, 5 
in January, 1066 The Crowne was taken up by Duke Harrold, fonne to 1066 
Earle Goodwyn : whereof fcarce poffeffed, before Wittm Duke of 
Normandy vrged a refignation, Howbeit, Crownes once affumed, are not accuf- 
tomed to bee layde downe by papers or parly : The Sword (that prince of 
weapons) muft bee Arbitrator betweene theis potent Competitors, The Dukes 
preparations for invafion are quicke and greate, fame inlargeth their greatnes, 
from Normandy it flyeth into Denmarke, from thence (as from the Courts of 
other princes) it draweth the boldeft of martiall fpirits. And to the rcitbCtJOUjef 
of Duke Witim, hafteth Harding, a yonger fonne of the King of Denmarke 
SDuhc Wittm loytereth not, for upon the xxviij'*" day of September following. 
Anno. 1067.' hee with his Army landeth at Pevenfey in Suffex, And upon the Anno. 1067 
xiiij"" of the next month flriketh a blouddy batde with King Harrold, where hee, 
with more than 60000 of his people, fell : whereby perifhed the royall bloud of 
the Saxon Kings. 

n^tntani, from a Duke of Normandy, by the fucceffe of this battle (howfo- 
euer miferably loft, yet mofl nobly fought) is become Kinge of England, And 
as an Augment of his honor, is by poflerity called the Conqueror, whom as a 
Conqueror of Harrold, a valiant Kinge and Captayne I heere leave, accompanied 

with 
I This date would feem to be a Clerical error. The battle of Senlac was fought on 14th October, 1066. 



Cf)c Eitocjef of tfjc 25crhrifp^ 



1066 



with I^airbinS a partaker of this fortune, with my hopes in the god of Hoftes, the 
giver of this vi6lory. That as a royall fucceffion from the loynes of the Con- 
queror, And an honorable pofterity from this Harding, haue already continewed 
550 . yeares, Soe the laftinge dayes of both may bee whileft the two great lights 
of Heaven have theire movings : SCjlb returne, to write of Harding, who cafi: of 
6 his thoughts of home-returne, and after three yeares fetled at Briftowe. [ 

In Berkeley % icXQCt relation whereof, read out of an antient Manufcript, tranflated 

^^'^' out of Latin into Englifh in the fifth yeare of King Henry the Seauenth by 
John Newland then Abbot of y' Monaflery of S' Auguftines by Briftowe afore- 
fayd in his owne wordes. 

S S'oftn Newland Abbot of the Monaflery of S' Auguftines by Brifiiowe 
aforefayd, for my more larger knowledge, and informacon of my bretheren, 
Channons, prefent and for ever after to come, have taken vpon me to put into 
writing, the lirieall and true defcent of S' Robertt 65 Herding, the fone and eire 
of Herding, which Herding was the fonne of the King of Denmarke, which 
Robertt aforefayd was firft created lord of' Berkeley, and foe lineally from him, 
Created Marques I fhall continew unto william now Marques Berkeley from whom and all others 
Berkeley Qf h{g noble Anceftors, who ben bound fpetially to pray : And or that I fhall 
in 3. H : 7. ^ggjj^ j-j^jg f^■^^ noble petegree ; firft I fhall declare how the fayd Robert fi3 Herding 
was firft made lord of the Baroney of Berkeley, And fhall expreffe followingly 
certaine conventions made atwixt S' Robert fi3 Herding, And S' Roger of Berke- 
ley lord and Baron of Durfeley. 

Siing Harri the firft, the third fonne of Kinge William Conqueror, had iffue 
remayning one daughter named Maude, which was firft marryed unto the Emperor 
of Almayne, And where all the other children of the fayd Kinge Henry lawfully 
begotten were drowned in the See coming out of Normandy, and had none other 
heire ; the fayd Kinge Harry fend for his forefayd daughter Mawde the Emparice 
into England, And in open Parliament declared and ordeyned her to bee his eire : 
To whom then and there were fworen all the lordes of England, and made unto 
her fewte, admittinge her for his eire : Amongs whom principally and firft was 
fworen Stephen Earle of Boleyn nevowe of y' fayde Kinge Harry the firft: This 
foe done the fayde Mawde the Emparice was after maryed to Galfride Plantagenet 
Earle of Angewe, which begate of her one fonne which was named Harry, which 
after was named Kinge Harrye the Second, But fone after that King Harry the 

Firft 



1 1 15 , life of Ipar&iiig 

Firft was difeafcd, the forcfaid Steven Earle of Bolein, prefumed and vfurped the 
Crowne, and was made Kinge contrary to his oath and promifc made unto y' 
forefayd Mawde the Emperyce, But when then after | Harry the fonne and eire 
of y° fayde Mawde the Emparyce, And alfo the fayd Galfride Earle of Angewe 
was growen unto manis eflate, hee with his fayd Moder Mawde, with a fmale 
power came over into England and claymed theire right and heneritance in the 
fifth yeare of the raigne of the fayd King Steven, And foe continued greate 
difcorde and bataill atwixt them by the fpace of twoe yeares, And in the vij'*" yeare 
of the raigne of the fayd King Steuen, there was a bade made at Lyncolne at 
Candlemas, where the fayd Kinge Steven was taken by the Earle of Chefler, And 
fro thence was brought to BriRowe to the fayd Mawde the Emperice, and to her 
fone and eire Harry, where then thi were in this wife agreid and finally accorded, 
That the fayd Steven fhould regne kynge during his life, And he that overlyveth 
other of the fayd Steven or Harry fhould heneritt the Relme and Crowne, And 
foe the fayd Harry overlived Kinge Steven, And then after was Crowned King 
of England, and named Kinge Harry the fecond, unto whome in his firfl entree 
and werres, the forefayde S' Robert fi3 Herding gaue and lende grete Subflance 
of goods to the fupportation and maintenance of his werrs 3in& when this Harry 
had obtayned his right, he remembred the grete kyndnes and benefites of the 
fayd S' Robertt 63 Herding, And gaue unto him and to his eires foreuer, the 
Barony of Berkeley which Barony Roger of Berkeley Baron of Durfely helde of 
y' kinge in fee farme : And for foe much, the fayd Kinge Harry the fecond toke 
fro the fayd Roger, bothe the Barony of Durfeley, and alfo the Barony of 
Berkeley, forafmuch as he toke partie with King Steven ayenfl King Harry, 
And alfo forafmuch as hee refufed to pay the fee farme of the Barony of Berkeley 
vnto the fayd King Harry 25ut then after the fayd King Harry entretid by the 
noble Lordes of his Realme, gave againe unto the fayd Roger, the Barony of 
Durfeley as his owne heneritance, And the Barony of Berkeley he gave and 
confirmed unto the fayd S' Robertt fij Herding and his heires for ever in 
recompence of his grete coftes and kindnes 3tntl when after this S' Robertt fi5 
Herding was lord and Baron of Berkeley, The fayd Roger lord and Baron of 
Durfeley vexed and trobled with him foe grevoufly. That he came unto the fayd 
King Harry and prayde him to refume his gefte againe, But then after the fayd 
King Harry made a peace and a finall concorde atwixt the fayd Roger and Robert, 
foe that the fayd Roger and Robert fliulde geue his daughter Alice to wife unto 
Morice the fonne and eire of S' Robert 63 Herding with the Towne of Slimebrigg 
vnder certeine conditions as followingly fhall appere. 

E 2 CtjijBE 



4 €f)c %i\ic0 of tljc 23cchdcpjef 1066 

Covenants 8 'CJjiiBf bin the Covenants that were made atwixe S' Robertt fi3 Herding ] Lord 

and Baron of Berkeley, And S' Roger of Berkeley lord and Baron of Durfeley 
And in the Houfe of S' Robertt fij Herding at Briftowe, And in the prefence of 
King Steven, and of Harry then Duke of Normandye and Earle of Angewe, 
and by his affent. And in prefence of many others both Clarkes and laymen 
a^orifC the fonne and eire of S' Robertt fij Herding fhall take to his wife Alice 
the daughter of Roger of Berkeley Baron of Durfley, And the fayd Roger hath 
geven to the fayd Morice in manage with his fayd Daughter, Slimebrigge, which 
is of his heneritance, that is to wete. Ten pownds worth of land, 5llul) this Morice 
with the confent of S' Robertt his fader hath geven unto the daughter of Roger 
that hee fhall take to wife for her dower, twenty pound of land of the ffee of 
Berkeley bi the affent of the forefaid Lord Duke Harry, And vnder this Conditions 
and Covenants, Ctjilt if foe Morice the fonne and eire of S"' Robert 63 Herding 
fhall happen to decefe ere he fhall wedde the daughter of the fayd Roger, That 
then his next brother and eire fhall take the fayd Alice to his wife accordinge 
to all the forefayd conventions, 5llnli if foe the fecond fone of the fayd S"" Robert 
63 Herding fliall happen to decefe before hee fhall wedde the daughter of the 
fayde S' Roger, That then, whofoeuer of the fonnes of the fayd S' Robert fi3 
Herding fhall remayne to bee his heire, fhall take to wife the daughter of the fayd 
S' Roger, 911iib of likewife if the elder daught of the fayd S' Roger fhall fortune 
to decefe afore that fliee be wedded to Morice the fon and eire of S' Robert f[j 
Herding or to any other of his bretheren that fhall remayne eire after him. That 
then the elder daughter leving & remayning of the fayd Roger, fhall geve to wife 
vnto the fon of S' Robertt 65 Herdinge which levieth and fhall remayne his eire. 

5purtl)crniorc the fon and eire of Roger of Berkeley Baron of Durfeley fhall 
take to wife in like forme, one of the daughters of S' Robertt 63 Herding, And 
the fayd Roger fhall geue in manage I.0 the daughter of S' Robert 63 Herding 
for her dowery the Maner of Siflon by Briftowe the which Maner is of the 
heneritance of the fayd Roger, 311 lib S' Robert 63 Herding fliall giue in manage 
with his daughter to the fon of the faid Roger, ten pounds and ten fliillings worth 
of land at Durfeley 5llnJ) with this condition. That if on of y'' daughters of 
S' Robertt 63 Herding deceffe afore fheq be wedded to the fonn & eire of the 
fayd Roger, That then the other daughter of the fayd S' Robertt fi3 Herding fhall 
be geuen wife unto him, 3ilnlJ if it foe fhall fortune. That both the daughters of 
9 S' Robert 65 Herding deceffe afore | eny of them fhall bee maryed to the fon and 
heire of the fayd Roger, That then his eyre fliall take to wife the daughter of 

Hew 



"15 



jUifr of J^nrbmg 



Hew of Hafele nece to the fayd S' Robert fi3 Herding, <jr>f lihctDijE^C, if the firft 
gotten fon and eyre of Roger of Berl<elcy Baron of Durfeley deceffe afore that 
hee marry with eny of y' daughters of S' Robert 63 Herding, or of the fayd Hew 
of Hafele, Then that brother that fliall remayne to be eyre of the fiiyd Roger 
(hall talce to wife on of the daughters of the fayd S' Robert fi5 Herding 5llllJj if 
they decefe all, or that any of them fhalbe maryed, That then the eyre of y' fayd 
Roger fhall take to his wife the daughter of the fayd Hew of Hafele nece of the 
fayd S' Robert fi} Herding according unto all the forefayd Couenants, 3llnl) all thes 
forefayd Couenants have fworen faythfully to hold kepe & performe. without 
any fraude or deceite, the forefayd S' Robert Fitz Herding and Roger of Berkeley 
Baron of Durfeley, And thei have putt Hary Duke of Normandy aforefaid for 
plegge and for iuge atwixe them : Co tfjrij^ covenants wele and truly to be 
obferued, have fworen alfo viij noble men of y' party of S' Robert 63 Herding, 
And alfo other viij noble men of the party of the fayde Roger, whofe names ben 
thes of the party of the fayd Roger : Wittm the fon of Duke Harry of Normandy 
aforefayd, Roger of Schay, Rafe of Juley, Walberyne, Engewald of Gofynton, 
Guydo of Stone, Gwayfere of Planca, and Hew of Planca his brother : 5Cnb of 
the party of S' Robt Fi3 Herding thes ben the namis. Hew of Hafelee, Nigelle 
63 Arthure, Robert of S' Maryes, Elias the brother of S' Robert 63 Herding, and 
Jordane his brother Jurdaine le faire, Richard 63 Robertt and David Duncepouche. 
3tllb thef forefayd men with all their ftrength fhall holde and kepe the forefayd 
S' Robert 63 Herding and Roger in all thes forefayd Covenantf truly to be 
obferued, That if, foe the forefaid Robert and Roger would goe from the forefaid 
covenants, thei fhould conftraine them with all their power and might, to holde and 
kepe them, And if they would at anye time diffent, thes forefayd Noble men of 
their fervice and love fliall reduce them unto, 3tntJ for thes covenants aforefaid 
wreten, the forefayd Roger of Berkeley Baron of Durfeley hath releafed and quiete 
claymed all manner of challenge and right that he had in the fee ferme of y° 
Barony of Berkeley. 

€l)uiS tfjc %bhot 

3n recitinge theife authentike covenants (taken almoft verbatim out of the 
manufcript Cronicle of Robert de Ricarte Towne clarke of Briftoll, | written in the 
tyme of Edward the fourth) I have rather chofen to expreffe them in the Abbotts 
owne manner of writinge, then to haue tranflated them out of the latin Deed it 
felfe, which yet remayneth under feale, teftified (to the honor of y" houfe) to bee 
an ineflimable peece of evidence by the Judges of the Comon pleas in the nyne 
and thirtieth ycare of Queene Elizabeth, At what time it was given in evidence to 

a 



See after fol 
170 



10 

Roftt de Itirart 
cu Maiore Brifl : 
fol : 44. 

Canid : Soc ; Ed : 
p. 22 El). 
Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley 
Hillar : Term : 39 
Eliz : rot 327. in 
banco 



€l)c %i'tic0 of tfic 2Bcrhd(cp3ef 



1066 



a Jury then at barre upon a triall in a writt of particion brought by Anne the 
See after, fol : 88. widowe of Ambrofe Dudley Earle of warwicke againft Henry Lord Berkeley for 
the third part of the faid Manor of Slimbridge mentioned in the faide Deed, 
which hath the Seale hanginge in a filke ftringe in the top, and the Indented 
part downwards, after the fafhion of Indentures of fines at this day. 

Newl : Pedeg : in '^fjC forefaid manufcript or pedegree of Abbot Newland layeth downe an 

Caftro de Berkley other kinde of caufe and manner of cominge of this Harding into England fome- 
what varyeing from the former relation, in theis wordes. 

CljC kinge of Denmarke had a fecond fone named Harding, which he fend 
unto William Conqueror unto whom this king wiltm Conqueror gaue grete riches, 
and fend him to Briflow there to inhabite, the yeare of our lord 1069 CI^C caufe of 
his comynge into this iande of England was this, as hit is written in Policronicon ; 
Cljcrc was fometyme an ordinance made in Denemarke, That if foe the king of 
that land had any more fonns then on. Then fhulde the eldeft fonne and eire 
remaine within the land, And the younger bretheren fhuld be fend with a fubflance 
of goodis into other landes, and there to leve in evoyding all inconveniences of 
debatis that might chance atwixe them within theire owne Iande. And for this 
caufe this Harding a fecond fonne of the King of Denmarke was fend into this 
land, as it is afore written. 

€1)11^ tlje 3ltjbot. 

3'n conference with diuers lerned gentlemen ftudious in antiquities of this 
kind, fome of them have doubted whether it might fiibflantially bee proued, that 
this Harding was the fonne of any king of Denmarke, they fuppofing, this regall 
progeny to bee the flattery of the Abbots of the Monaftery, And this Abbot 
Newland the firfi; in this colle6lion of his, that avowed the fame in Flattery of 
Anno: 1489. William Lord Berkeley created Marques Berkeley' the yere before, being his 
II founders heire male. | 



Roftt Cotton miles 

et Barronet. 

Camden 

Vincent, et alij 



Campd : Englifh 



I. jpor fatisfyinge of which doubt, I am only inabled to fay, That there is 

fo : 238. (befides what's before written) an antient marmoriall infcription ingraven over 

the gate of this Monaftery in theis wordes Hex Henricus fecundus et dominus 

Robertus filius Hardingi filij Regis Dacise, huius monafterij primi fundatores 

See after fol: 45. extiterunt, Ctjat is King Henry the fecond and Lord Robert the fonne of Harding 

the King of Denmarks fonne, were the firft founders of this Monaftery. 

Campd : fo : 239. 2. CiinipdClt himfelfe in his Britania (nowe Clarencieux) fayeth, That this 

in EnghOi. Robert called by the Normans fit3 Harding, difcended of y' bloud royall of 

Denmarke. ^H 



•'15 



2 Iff of J^arbing 



3. 5fn Berkeley Caaie is an old Latin Pedegrce, made (as it fclfc flieweth) Vetus Manufcr: 
in the tyme of Henry the vj"" before the fayd Manjues Berkeley was borne, '"^,^1'''^ 
contayninge the effeft of Abbot Newlands pedegree, €t\C title whereof is, Proceffus 

pro notitia habenda &c. A declaration how Robert the fonne of Harding was 
made Lord of Berkeley, as appeares in an old writinge preferued in the euidence 
houfe of y' Monaftery of S' Auguftines by Briftowe, And beginneth thus, l^arDingiliSf 
ex regia profapia regni Daciae oriundus, tempore &c. Harding difcended of y' 
royall bloud of y' Kingdome of Denmarke, in the tyme of Wittm the Conqueror 
inhabited at Briftowe, To whome the Conqueror gaue grete riches in the yeare 
1069. And foe proceedeth. 

4. Co which effeft alfo in an other like colledion in leather, fomcwhat more Vetus manufcr : 
antient then the former, which is in velam. '^^'"• 



5. 3Ilnb further in the fame Caftle, there is a more antient manufcript (the Vetus manufcr : 
lafl lines whereof, as by it appeares, were written in January. 1351, being the xxvj''' '^''"• 
yeare of King Edward the third, which fayeth. That this Harding was, ex regia 
profapia regum Dacise, of the bloud royall of the kinges of Denmarke : And this 
was. 138. yeares before Abbot Newlands pedegree, And now. 270. yeares paft. 
And feemes to haue bene the worke of that great learned man Venerable Trevifa 
vicar of Berkeley, Of whofe life and labors read after in the life of Thomas Lord 
Berkeley the third of that name. 



fol: 



6. ^1^0 Robertt de Ricart fometyme Towne clarke of Briftowe in his manu- Regiftr: Ro^ti 

fcript regifter of the memorialls of that Citty, who floriflied in y'= tymes of Kjng ^^ ^'cart cum 
Henr}' the fixt, and of King Edward the fourth, expreffly affirmeth this Harding 

to bee fonne to the King of Denmarke. | 12 



Maiore BrifloU : 



1615. 



[7.] %\0ti Bifhop Godwin in the Catalogue of the Biftiops of Briftoll hath Godwin, fol : 500 
thus, fiobcrt furnamed fit3 Harding, becaufe his father, that was fonne to the King P"n'ed m EngUfti 
of Denmarke, was called Harding, This Robert being a.Citi3en of Briftoll and 
fometymes Maior there, founded the Monaftery of S' Auguftines neere unto the 
fayd Citty and placed Canons in the fame, Anno. 1 148. being the xiiij"'of the raigne 
of King Stephen, ^t}i0 foundacon was afterwards confirmed and augmented by 
King Henry the fecond, whoe foe greatly favoured the aufthor of the fame, as 
hee preferred him to the marriage of the daughter & fole heire of the lord 
Berkeley, of whom are defcended all the lord Berkeleys fincethat time, And many 

of 



3ri}t Hitc^ of tf^c 2BcrhricpjS 



1066 



Camden, f o : 132. 

133 imprefs : 

1587. 

Brooke, fol : 



Stow, fol : 207. 



How fo : 146. 



13 



of them as challenging an intereft in that foundation of their Anceftors, have 
chofen the Church there for the place of theire buriall : 

CIjU^ the Bifhop, B^fjcrchl let me note, That the Bifhops error in y*^ forefaid 
mariage, feemes occafioned by Camdens miftake in the firft edition of his Britannia, 
which in his fecond hee reformed, after Brooke yorke-herald had bitterly taxed 
him for makeinge the father to marry his fonnes wife. 31 JDtiSl) this alfo might foe 
bee in the next reprintinge of this Catalogue of y' Bifhops. 

8. 3111^0 induftrious Stowe in his Cronicle printed in Anno. 1592 hath thus, 
Cfjtjaf yeare 1148. in the xiiij'*' of the raigne of Kinge Stephen, Robert fit3 Harding 
fometymes Maior of Briftoll, whofe father was Kinge of Denmarke, founded &c. 

3Clltl How hath thus, Robert fit3 Harding fometimes Maior of Briftoll whofe 
father was a Dane, hauing founded the Monaftery of S' Auguftines in the Towne 
of Briftoll this yeare. 1148 placed Canons there, which foundation was after con- 
firmed by King Henry the fecond : which alfo is avowed by many other moderne 
hiftoriographers : Slliitl it hath in all ages bene received both in this family and 
in the tranfcripts of Heralds, as an vnqueftionable tradition of truth ; 2But for 
writeings more antient then theis, averring the lineage of this Harding, I haue not 
hitherto met with any, though I haue fearched many manufcripts, and all the 
antient recordes in euery of y' kings Courts. ||5citl)CC haue I found what kings 
fonne, or ex qua profapia, from what parentage, or from whofe loynes, this 
Harding was, But by probable conieftures hee was the fonne of Harold, or 
Hard-cinty, for patrimonicall wordes deriued from the father, with the Englifti 
Saxons and Danes, end in htO : As Penda, Pending, Harold, Harolding, Hardi, 
Harding, and many the like in theis old tymes : 3^^n like fence, as from Ducke, 
wee derive Duckling, from Goofe, Goflinge, from Cat, Kitlinge, from Browne, 
Browning, from ffeild, ffeilding, from Dunn, Dunning, | from Bill, Billing, and from 
Home, Homeling, a naturall Inhabitant, And many other the like, Cl)C probability 
whereof, though it bee not caft into the chanon of the text, yet may it bee bound 
vp next after y' Apocripha of the Bible. 



Stow, in How SfijBf for that valiant Ednothus, of a noble and antient family amongft the 

fo : 109. et ah: Saxons, Maftors of the Horfe to King Harold, of whofe famous memory is honor- 
able mention in diuers au6thors in the raignes of King Edward the Confeffor, 
and of Wittm Conqueror, as being (they fay a man Excellent in the tyme of y* 

Englifhmen 



I1I5 



%iic of j^iirbing 



Engliflimen, both at home in his owne Country and alfo abrode, And was father 
of Harding, who hued in the tynie of King llt-nry the fecond, I leave him that 
will leane that way thus further informed. €l)nt the wife of that Ednothus was 
daughter or neece to the Kinge of Denmarke, And that Harding his fonne, was 
inriched by the Conqueror for the great Service his father did to him, in whofe 
defence, and of his new gotten Kingdome of England, Hee in the fecond of tiis 
raigne, by his owne death, obtayned the Vidliory in a blouddy battle againft 
Godwin, and Edmund, furnamed the great, fonnes to King Harold. 

<Df which Hardingus thus alfo writeth Robt de Glouc : in his old manufcript Manufcr : Robti 
of the life of this Wittm Conqueror. 25ut at laft, they of King Wittms pt had de Gloc : in Vita 
the Viftory, but that many of them natheles were flay [n], and her Cheeftayne alfo 
Ednod, Hardings fader, that better coude wehette luther tonges, to flrife and 
chidig, thanne in battaill wepene yweld. 

^CitijCC am I certaine, whether that which is written in y' Chronicle of Chron : Jherufa : 
Jherufalem, bee of the one or other Harding, where the wordes are theis Interea ' ' ^" P" 
dum hsec obfidio agerutur &c. whilefl the Saracens contynued theire feige againfl 
Joppa two hundred faile of Chriflian Shipps arriued at Joppa that they might 
performe their devotions at Jherufalem, The cheife men and leaders of theis 
Chriflians are reported to have bene, Bernard Witrazh of the land of Galatia, 
Hardine of England, &c. This Chriflia power through gods fpetiall power, arrived Anno: 2. H : i. 
there for the Succor & releife of the deftreffed and befeidged Chriftians in Joppa, Regis Angliae. 
the third day of July 1102. and in the fecond yeare of Baldwine King of Jherufa- 
lem, whereupon the multitude of the Sarazens feeing that the Chriftian power 
ioyned themfelves boldly clofe by them, even face to face in a lodging hard by 
them, the very next night at midnight removed theire Tents, and pitched them more 
then a mile of, that they might the next morninge be advifed whether they fhould 
returne to Afcalon, or by often affalts vex the Citizens of Japhet. 



get notwithftandinge after the fayd third daye of July, the Sarazens | perfifted 14 
high mynded and infolent by reafon of theire great multitude, and much annoyed Kod : lib : 9 : cap : 
the Chriftian people with theire many forcible & terrible weapons, whereupon jj^^, . 
on the fixth day of y' fayd July early in y' morninge King Baldwine iffued out of 2 volii: fo: 12. 13. 
Japhet, his trumpets and Cornetf yealding a great and loud found. And with a 
very ftrong Army afwell of Horfmen as of footemen, who on every fide making 
greate fhouts and outcryes, with feirce and fharpe battle, fet upon the mayne 

c power 



€I)c Hite^ of tf)c 23crhricp;Bf 



1066 



power of theire Enemyes : The Chriftians alfo who arrived in the Navy, rearing 
«. great clamors and noyfes, with loud voyces and (howtings in horrible wife, 

togeather with King Baldwine affaulted likewife with ftronge battle, the Babilon- 
ians, and afiflitled them with mofl fore and deadly wounds, vntell the Sarazens 
being wearied with feightinge, nor able longer to endure, or hold out againft the 
valor of the Chriflians, fled towards Afcalon, And other of them hoping to efcape 
from them that purfued them, leapt into the Sea, and were fwallowed up in the 
waues thereof, And foe the Citty of Joppa with the Inhabitants thereof, were freed 
from theire Enemyes : There were flayne this day 3000 Sarazens, And but a 
few of the Chriftians perifhed. 

Chron: Jher : 1ft "^ QCllb if I conie6lure not amiffe, this Harding went againe to Joppa in the holy 

10 in principio : land, in that fecond fleete, fix yeares after, And thence to Jherufalem, whofe 
Hackl: fo : 15. j-gadines for the feidge of Sidon ats Sagitta, hath honorable menti5 in the hiftories 
of thofe tymes. 

|^0ttt)cr will I fpeake againft the probable obie6lion of thofe, That obferve 
the names of this Hardings eldeft fonnes to bee written, both by Kings, Dukes 
and Subiedls, in the eldeft Charters, Deedes, recordes, and pipe rolls that are 
extant, thus : Robertus filius Hardingi : 3llnt! his fonne, Mauritius filius Roberti, 
filij Hardingi : 31Illb his fonne, Robtus filius Mauritij, filij Robti filij Hardingi 5ilnll 
foe in like manner alfo for the yonger fonnes and daughters of this Harding, and 
of Robt fonne of Harding %^ Nicholaus filius Hardingi, Elias filius Hardingi, 
And Matilda filia Hardingi, yonger fonnes and daughter of this Harding. 



Rot pipae. 5. et. 
14. H : 2 



3llllll Robertus filius Robti, filij Hardingi SCiil) Nicholaus filius Rofcti, filij 
Hardingi : And his fonne Rogerus, filius Nicholai, filij Roberti, filij Hardingi : 
Rot: pipae 7. RI And foe euer reftinge vpon this Harding, As though noe Anceftor of theirs, had 
bene more remarkeable in their generation, nor any fuperior or more eminently 
honorable then this Harding, drawing downe their defcents in femblable manner 
to the fourth generatio 2E^Ut the fayd JSollcrt in none of his Deeds, of Kinge 
Henry | the firft, or of Stephen, or of Henry the fecond theire tymes, neither in 
his Scales of thofe tymes, nor his fonne Maurice in the tymes of . H : 2 . or of R : 
I . or in his Seales of thofe tymes ; nor any of theire younger fonnes or daughters, 
are ever found to have remembred the name of the Father of this Harding ^ot 
this Harding himfelfe to have ever mentioned himfelfe (or any other for him) to 
have bene a Kings fonne l^citljcr (as they obiedl) can any notice be had, from 

the 



Glouc : 



15 



III5 



Hifc of i!;)nrlihi5 



II 



the booke of Domefdei, or from any other record or Hiftory printed or manufcript, 
in profe or verfe in any language, any other certaine intimation (duringe eight 
kings raignes after the Conqueft) who fhould bee the father of this Harding, other 
then that great and noble Saxon, Ednothus : concluding upon thofe and the like 
inftances, That if this Harding had bene the fonne of a Kinge, that neither 
himfelfe, nor his fonne Robert, nor his Grandchilde Maurice, nor theire iffues, 
having foe many iuft caufes in foe many donations and endowments of Churches, 
and collegiate places. And in advancem' of themfelves in marriage, and otherwife, 
would haue omitted (or rather reiecfled) the honorable memory of a regall Anceftor, 
foe neer to them as a kinge or a kinges fonne : 311nb urge further, That in all the 
Charters and grant's which Henry the fecond made to the faid Robert, either 
whileft he was Duke, his play fellowe and familiar companion, And then both he 
and Mawd the Empres his Mother, gready beholdinge to his purfe; or whileft he 
was Kinge, and of whom (as many authors haue) the fayd Robert was entirely 
beloued, Hee in any of them, ever vfed anye other Style or appellation of him, 
then Robertus filius Hardingi, whereas (fay they) if hee had bene a Kings fonne, 
he would not haue omitted that hoiible addition, efpetially when hee intended to 
honor him :■ 3llltl) to that fuperfcription over the gate of S' Auguftines monaftery 
formerly mentioned, which ftileth him, Robertus filius Hardingi filij Regis Daciae, 
they anfwere. That the characfter and fhape of the letter wherein the fame is in- 
graven fheweth playnly (as alfo the ftone it felfe) That it was fett upp and written 
about the tyme of Henry the fixth at fooneft, vpon the reedifyinge of that gate 
SfinD laftly they doe obie6t. That Abbot Newland hath falfly alleadged Policronicon 
for the Ordinance of Denmarke from whence hee drawes the caufe of this Hardings 
cominge into England, which (fay they) is not found either in the latin Originall 
Manufcript, compiled by Ranulph a Monke of Chefter in the xxxj'*" of Edward 
the third . Anno . 1357 . Nor in Trevifa vicar of Berkeley his tranflation, dedicated 
to Thomas Lord Berkeley in the fame yeare, |^0t in winken de woord, Nor in 
Caxtons fuplement, who in the tenth of Henry the Seaventh in a new edition, 
fomewhat mollified the old Englifh of Trevifa ^m in any other 3©l^crcupon they 
inferr, That | noe fuch yonger fonne of any Kinge of Denmarke was fent into 



Newl : ped : faith 
it was redified by 
Wittm Hunt the 
19th Abbot elect 
i7.Sei)t.,andruled 
8 yeares and died 
14 Marcij 1481. 
21. E : 4 : 



Treuifa inproemio 



16 



1 In the fair tranfcript of this MS. prefented by Smyth to George Lord Berkeley, the following lines 
are here interpolated :— " And to give more life to their coniedlures they fhewe the Deeds of King 
" Edward the Confeffor made to the Abbot of Waltham in Anno 1062, five yeares before the Norman 
" Conquefl, whereto Hardingus is a witnefs with Eadgida that Kinges wife." The words in this fair 
Copy are all extended and there are many literal and verbal differences of no importance which it has 
not been confidered defirable to follow. [Ed.] 

c 2 England 



€l)c %i\yc0 of tl)c 25crhckpj^ 



1066 



England at all : |i)citljcr (fay they) did thofe hoftile tymes betwene the Nations 
of England and Denmarke, then broyled in warrs, as hiflories fhewe, permit 
fuch trufl and frendfhip SCnll confequently they conclude, That fith noe other 
record, Hiflory, or Deed, is extant or to bee found, to warrant the Abbotts 
affirmation herein. That therefore it is a meere fi6lion, either of this, or fome 
other flatteringe Abbot, to pallyate and comply with theire founders, whereof 
the Lord William Barkeley was then newly created Marques Barkeley 31InD becaufe 
Vetus manufcnpt in theis relations the name of this Abbot Newland is often mentioned, vpon whofe 
Berkley credit alfo the fidelitye of the firft Entrance of this family into this Kingdome 
feemeth to depend, efpetially for the regall parentage of this harding, I will, by a 
pardonable digreffion, thus inlarge him : That hee was chofen Abbot the fixt of 
Aprill. 1481 . being the xxj'''yeare of King Edward the 4* And ruled his Monaflery 
thirty fower yeares, And dyed the fecond daye of June 15 15 being the feaventli 
yeare of King Henry the Eighth, And that during his gou'm.' of that Monaflery 
hee built five of y" eight Tyth barnes in y" parifh of Berkeley, and two other 
great Tythe Barnes in the parifli of Afhelworth, And new built the two Mannor 
houfes of Almondfbury, and Horefeild, and many other great Acts in buildings, 
repayring of Chancells &c. And alfo new built the Dortor, and frator, and 
the Pryors lodgings, and the gatehoufe and the Amery with the lodgings 
adioyninge, And many other greate buildinges, for the which (fayth this antient 
manufcript roll) God rewarde him with eternall bliffe : Amen, which Roll 
contayneth alfo the names of all the Mayors, Sheriffs, and Baylyes, that had 
bin in Brifloll, as they fucceded other : As alfo of all the Abbotts of that 
Monaflerye from the firfl foundation thereof And doubtles now at the reedifying 
of the fayd Gatehoufe was the fayd infcription of new fett up, but whether 
in the old, or not, let thofe tell that can, I cannot. Co lBt)tcl^ obieftions I leave 
to replye, Takeing it as one of myne ill haps. That amongfl more then 200 . 
Deedes, hiflories and Records of thofe kinges tymes, I could not meete with 
any to cleere this doubt. Intendinge my felfe (notwithftandinge the former con- 
ieftures) to hold the old tradition of this family. That harding fhould bee the 
fonne of a kinge of Denmarke SClltl I haue euer refelled theis and other theire 
17 like inferrences and conie6lures, which labored to | make the forefaid Ednothus 
father of my Harding, (though a more noble roote from whence to bee defcended, 
cannot in Saxon race be eafily found) with this reply : That from Ednothus death 
in the fecond of y° Conqueror, till the death of Robert eldefl fonne of this 
Harding in the xvij.''' of Henry the fecond, are more then. 102. yeares, whereby 
in noe probability hee can bee his fonne, foe long to have outlived his father, 

as 



1115 ^jff of IJardiug ^3 

as fome would make him, nor well his Grandchild, as others would hauc him ; 
efpetially when Ednothus himfelfe was farr ftricken in yeares when hee was flayne 
in the fecond yeare of Wittm the Conqueror, And Harding his fonne man growne 
in the dayes of the Conqueror. And therefore, neither, my Harding, nor Robert 
fit5 Harding, not Ednothus fonne, nor alyve in Henry the feconds tyme, but 
happely another of the Hime name and alliance, 3finb verified herein feems to bee 
the old Tenet, That the heades of great houfes are often found as vncertaine, 
as the beginnyngs of great rivers ; or as the firft founders of Cities, 

i&OniC fmall labor I lofl in fearchinge after the line of Squantiber the firft. 
Prince of Vandalls, Sclavony, Duke of Pomcrand, and Stetin, one of y" prime 
Progenitors and rootes of the royall houfe of Denmarke, whoe lived in tyme 
proportionable to bee father to this Harding, And dyed in the yeare of Chrift, 
1 107. the firft of the raigne of Henrj^e the firft of England, the Conquerors 
fonne. But not being ftored with fittinge materialls, I was inforced to leaue the 
certainty of that pticular, to the number of thofe, I could not attayne vnto. 

25ut if a more happy eie than mine fhall finde out the Kinge, father of 
this our Harding, then may the afcent of this Berkeleyan race bee made in the 
male line, out of the approued hiftories of thofe Northerne Countries pf Den- 
marke, Sweden, and Norway, vnto Dan, whoe lived longe before the tyme of 
Chrift Jhefus | incarnation, who being Lord of Denmarke, gave his name, as 18 
fome haue written, to the wholl Country, whereby may bee treblye enobled, 
what I have but weakly fet vpon. SUntl to incite unto that defired labor, 
let this family affure it felfe, I have not foe reaped my fields, but that I have 
left many ritch eares to gather, wherein diligence and curiofity may bee exercifed, 
And a ftudious hand filled with my omiifions, havinge in my courfe Imitated 
that M after that may bee faid, to teach well, though hee teach not at all, 

Boni venatoris eft, aliquid capere, non omnia, Hee is held a good Huntf- 
man that can catch fome game, though not all, (See note A page ig.) 

li)dt!)CC is it perfectly knowne what the Armes of this Harding were but 
over the Veftry doore in S' Auguftines Monafterye founded by his fonne (the 
trueft library of theire honor) are foure Efchocheons ftanding quarterly, The firfl 
and third w.* Cheurons onely rather thought his, then the blue lyons <0r a^ 

others 



H 



€f)c %iMt0 of tljc 25crhctepitf 



1066 



fol: 20. 



Others will, Gules, three danifh Axes, ore : SfijS for any Deed vnder Seale I 
fuppofe, None remayneth to give further fatisfaftion to this family J^otoficit Roger 
Kemis of Wickwick fometymes Receiv' generall to Henry Lord Berkeley A gentle- 
man greately delighted in fearches of that kinde, hath left among his broken 
colle(^lions, to have feene a Deede of this Harding (not telling where) fealed 
with a great Seale, hauing the figure of two lyons indorfed, but not in Efchocheon : 
but hee was deceived as after is declared 

Lingua file, non eft ultra narrabile quicquam. 

Tongue hold thy peace, tyme hath deflroyd, what fhould 

More of the regall race of this great lord bene told. 



19 

Stow 
Newland : 
Old Manufcript rr>-'i\T-Aii 

Campden name of Patncius, Maior, Alderman, Praepofiturus, Confull, and the like attributes, 

RoBt de Ricart ^^ feverall writers have diverfly filled him, and his place of office, in feuerall ages 



'Cl^t^ Harding hauing fet'led himfelfe in Baldwinftreet in Briftow, The Con- 
queror conferred upon him the gouerm! of that Towne, | which he held by the 



Orderic : hiil 

lib: 13. pag: 917 

Policron : lib : 7 

cap : 17 : et : 19. 



3Ilnll by the name of Patricius, or by the dignity of being a patrician, I 
underfland, (with others, after the Romaine manner) That hee was not onely 
a noble man of Briftoll, but of England alfo, or an Englifh noble man, though 
not fuch a Peere of the Realme or Baron by tenure, as after this family fhall 
fee in the creation of the lord Robertt his fonne, And by the name, Confull, 
was ufually meant in theife tymes, Earle of that place. As Robt the Confull of 
Glocest, was the Earle of Glouc : And Robert de Ferrars Derbicise Confull, was 
thereby created Earle of Derby by William the Conqueror : Reynulph Confull 
of Chefter was in this tyme Earle of Chefler, and many other the like. 

%n ttji^ place of his magiftracy, this Harding tooke to wife one Livida of 
whome I cann onely fay, That theife are thofe two fingular perfons, the parents, 
from whome the generations whereof I have to write, even thowfands of thowfands 
are defcended, and theire numbers long fince growne numberles ; Betweene 
whom was iffue, five fonnes, Robert, Nicholas, Elias, Jurden, and Maurice ; And 
three daughters, Agnes, Mawd, and Cicely ; of each of whom as followeth 

I. lHobcrt whofe memorable A6ls are more amply tranfmitted to pofteritye 
was created Lord Berkeley, as after followeth in his life. 



II15 



Hife of ]|)arDinjj 



15 



2. jPtd[)Ola£( was ufually ftiled, Nicholaus filius Hardingi, And had an eftate 

in lands litlc inferior to his elder brother, vntill the grant of Henry the fecond 

to him of Berkeley : The greater part whereof lay in the County of Somerfett, Red booke in the 

£xchcQucr 
where hee payed Cjeftungc in the vij-'' and viij'*" yeares of the fayd Kinge Henry 

the fecond, then affeffed at two markes for a Knights ffee, towards the Kings 

warrs in his feidge of Tholoufe : And in which County alfo hee payd npbc in 

the xiij'"' of that King towards the manage of Mawd the Kings eldeft daughter 

to the Duke of Saxony. | 20 



^CC had alfo the land of one Knights ffee in the County of Gloc, which Red booke in the 
hee held of William Earle of Glouc by that feruice. 

%nb was alfo owner of diuers lands in the County of Deuon : 3CnJl other 
glimpfes there are of many other poffeffions of his in other Countyes which I 
infift not upon. 

Ct|ttt antient manufcript in the Exchequer called the Jflfb {lOoKc fetteth downe Red booke in the 
this Nicholas certificat to King Henry the fecond in the xiij'*' of his raigne in ^ 
theis wordes. Carta Nicholai filij Hardingi. Ego Nicholaus filius Hardingi teneo 
de rege feoda duoi^ militum et dimidij Et de hoc feodo tenet wittus filius Ofberti R°'= P'P*- '4 = 
duas ptes militis, et Wimundus tertiam ptem : Iftos duos feoffavit pater meus Somerfett. 
tempore Regis Henrici et refiduii mihi remanet in dominico meo, prseter tres 
virgatas terrae quas duo milites tenent viz' : Baldwinus et Hildebrandus, vt eas 
dedit pater meus, et iuvant me ad ferviciu meum : Ego nullum feoffavi pofl 
mortem patris mei. 

W'hich certificat becaufe it is honored with his cote of Armes in y' margent 
I will here Englifh 3[ IjJicljoIajS the fonne of Harding hold of the Kinge two 
Knights fees and a halfe, whereof Wiitm the fonne of Ofbert holds two parts, 
and Wymond the third part of one Knights ffee, And theis two my father 
enfeoffed in the tyme of Kinge Henry the firfl And all the refidue I hold in 
myne owne hands, except three yard land which Baldwine and Hildebrand two 
Knights doe hold, which my Father gave them, who contribute to mee towards 
my feruices, But my felfe haue not enfeoffed any perfon of any part of my land 
fince my fathers death. 

3. <e\ia^ the third fonne was vfually ftiled, Elias filius Hardingi, hee was ^'f^,^"™ ^j^° 
• ^ o' Berkeley de Stoke 

one of his eldeu brothers eight pledges for performance of the agreement at fealed W- 2 lions 

Briftowe ^""^^ *''"" 



i6 



€f)c %iMc0 of tijc 25crhricpjS 



1066 



Carta cu Rico 
Bridges de comfe. 

ptita in banco, 
term Mictiis : 17 : 

H : 3. rot : i. 



Finis in banco 

. H : 3. Glouc : 

21 

Rot : pip : H : 

3 in Scio. 



Briflowe in Kinge Stephens tyme, as before hath bene faid, 31!nl) was after 
enfeoffed by his fayd eldeft brother Robert, of one hide of land in Combe 
by Wotton vnderedge, To hold of him by the fifth part of one Knights ffee 
which is nowe the inheritance of Richard Bridges, Anno. 1618. J^CC was alfo 
enfeoffed by his faide eldefl brother of one other hide of Land in Hunteneford 
on the other fide of wotton vnderedge, To hold by Knights fervice as aforefaid, 
which is nowe the inheritance of Wittm Throgmorton Baronet, Anno 161 8. 
3tnb if it bee this Elias filius Hardingi (and not his grandchild) who by fine in 
the fifth yeare of King Henry the third fold | a yard land in Stapleton to william 
Albury for two markes, which was . 76 . yeares after, hee then furviued his 
childrens children, and dyed in extreame old age : Ct)ii6( Elias filius Hardingi, 
had iffue, William, Harding, and Margaret. 



ptita in banco -^fje faid William had his fathers land in Combe, About the wardfhip of 

Term miciiis! whofe fonne, called alfo william, was a fute in the xvij'*' yeare of of King Henry 
the third, betwene Thomas then Lord Berkeley the firft of that name, and the 
Abbot of Kingefwood, which is all I have found of him, or of Margarett his fifler. 



Rot: chart. 7. Joh. 
n." 80. mem^. 9. 

Carta cum Rico 
Bridges de comb. 

Carta cum witto 
Throkmorto milit. 



Rot: cart : 7. 

Joftis memB. 9. 

n.° 8." 



I^(ltbin0 fecond fonne of the faid Elias had his faid Fathers land in Huntene- 
ford, from which place of his abode, Hee was called Harding of Hunteneford, 
who by Dionifia his wife had iffue Matilda, who was maryed to Galfridus Vitulus 
(ats Geffry Veel) A gentleman much favoured by King John, and of fpetiall 
acceptation with many great lords of that tyme. As the confirmation of that Kinge 
made to him in the Seauenth of his raigne, doth of it felfe fpeake aloud : To 
which Geffry Veel alfo the Lord Robert de Berkeley the fecond of that name, 
did about y" begininge of that kings raigne, giue in franke mariage with the faid 
Matilda his Cozen, divers other pcells of land in Hunteneford and in the fkirts 
of his chace (or forreft, as there is called) of Mikelwood, whereby that hyde, 
farme, or litle Manor of Hunteneford, was much enlarged : 



ptita aflis : coram And this Geffrye and Mawde had iffue Robert Veel, father of S"^ Robertt 

5 : H : 3. in ^^ Veel Knight, who by Hawifia his wife had iffue Peter Veel, who dyed in 

banco the life tyme of his Father, leaving iffue by Cecily his wife Peeter Veel, who 

Efch: 20: H: 7 by Cecily his wife had iffue Peeter Veel, who by Elizabeth his wife had iffue 

Mathew militis. Thomas le Veel Knight, who by Hawifia his wife had iffue John Veel, who by 

Alice his wife had iffue Robertt and William : The faid Robert by Elizabeth 

his wife had iffue Alice marry ed to David Mathew Knight, who had iffue fower 

daughters 



III5 



%ik of J^arDiuff 



17 



daughters, viz! Elizabeth marycd to Hurd, Anne firft marryed to John Bainhani 
of Weftbury, and fecondly to Thomas Morgan, Katherinc maryed to Henry Ogan, 
and Margarett mar : to Wittm fonnc of Chriflophcr Throgmerton : of each of 
which fower daughters is plentifull iffue, witli Ample poffeffions at this daye, | 
Anno 1620 : pticularly named with the proofcs in my Regifler of the Lord Berke- 22 
leys tenures by Knights fei-vice. 

CljC faid William Veel brother of Robert, by Suzan his wife daughter of 
James Berkeley of Bradley, had iffue William Veel, who by Margaret his wife 
daughter of William Fettiplace had iffue Edward Veel of Over, and William Veel 
of A6lon, which Edward had iffue Edward Veel and others, of whom is iffue at 
this daye, Anno 1620. And the fajd William Veel of Acton had iffue Nicholas 
Veel of Allefton who by Margarett his wife daughter of Richard Bridges of Combe 
aforefaid hath iffue Thomas Veel that now is Anno. 1626. and others of remarke- 
ablenes in the County of Glouc : 

4. 3furbain the fourth fonne, was an other of his eldefl brothers eight pledges q^^^^ j,^ ^.j^,^^^ 
in the faid agreement at Briflowe, And a wittnes to the firft Chartar which de Berkeley. 
Henry the fecond made to his fayde eldeft brother, And after dyed without iffue 
the xxvij'*' of February but what yeare I finde not. 

5. #f Maurice I can fay nothinge. 

6. SUgnCjGf was marryed to Hughe de Hafele one other of y* faide eight Newl: pedeg: 
pledges, by whome fhee had iffue, And died the twentieth of July, but what ^ J°, 
yeare I find not. 

7. £l^atDtl, written Matilda filia Hardingi, dyed the xxij-'' daye of March, 
which is all I can faye of her. 



8. <£)f Cicely I can fay noe more, Then that fhee dyed the five and twentieth 
of November, 311nll as the Aniverfary dayes of theis three fifters celebrated in 
the Monaftery of S' Auguftines till the diffolution thereof have told mee the 
dayes and months, Soe I wifh I could haue found the yeares whearein each of 
them dyed, and their brothers, with their iffues. | 

f$i0 Statlj 
CljiiSi Harding the King of Denmarkes fonne, deceafed at Briftoll the fixt 23 
of November in the xvj'.'' of King Henry the firft. Anno. 11 15 or neer there- 
D abouts 



Newl : pedeg : in 
Caft.ro de 
Berkley. 



i8 



€l^e Eitoc^ of tl}c 25cirhdcpitf 



1066 



Corn: gallus 
Ovid. 4 de pont : 



Liber Domefd : 
in Co ; Glouc : 



The vfe. 



abouts, where he lyeth buried, from whofe dayes, I fit far of, And hauing with 
much fearch found noe clerer Hght, I mufl complayne of tyme and fay with 
the Poet, That 

Cun6la trahit feciim devoratque volubile tempus 
Tabida confumit ferrum, lapidemque, vetuflus. 
Tyme doth confume each fublunary thinge, 
It ftrikes as death, but ne're returne doth bringe. 

3Cnti for this Hardings Lands, which by his death difcended to his heire, 
ther's noe record or other evidence leaft vnconfumed, that can declare them, 
further then as aforefayd, and as after followeth in the Hfe of his eldefl fonne 
the Lord Robert, Saue that hee held Witenhort (nowe Whetenhurft) of Earle 
Britric in mortgage, as the booke of Domefdaye, vnder the title of Gloucefler- 
fhire fheweth. 

€l)e ^UpplicationiBf anb u0t of ^i0 %ik 

I. SltttCnlJnigC in theis relations to apply each Anceftors actions and life to 
the vfe and benefitt of theire prefent pofterity ; I find noething leaft vndeavoured 
by tyme, more then to aduife the prefent Lord, who nowe hath the guidinge 
of theire honor and flerne, (and in him his) That hee turne that wheele & motion 
to thrift and vertue : what otherwife hee reareth, tyme in fewe ages will cafl; 
downe with him. As by this his firft Anceflor appeareth. | 



24 



Prov : 2. V. 20. 2 1 

And. 10. V. 7 

And : 1 2. V. 3 

And. 21. V. 21. 



2. ^gainc, that feeing from the large circumference of his life, fcarce the 
Center now remaynes ; That his pofterity may foe write theire A6lions in iuflice 
and righteoufnes, That theire memory may endure foreuer. According to the 
promife of the Almighty who hath fayde, and cannot lye, That the iuft man 
fhall dwell in the land for ever, and his memoriall fliall be bleffed : And that 
the root of y*" righteous man fliall not be moved, but his houfe fhall ftand for- 
ever : yea, that his memoriall fhall flourifli like a greene bay tree that neuer 
fadeth . And that hee that followeth after righteoufnes and mercy, fhall find life, 
righteoufnes and glory. 



fillip ^^artlin0i 



NOTK A. 19 

The zeal and indudry of the Author in his endeavour to trace the defcent of his illuflrious fubject 
are beyond all praife, but the refult of his laborious argument will not bear a critical examination. It 
is evident the tradition that Harding, the founder of tlie great and noble houfe of Berkeley, was the fon 
of the King of Denmark or of the Royal Race of that country cannot be any longer maintained. The 
highefl authority we poffefs for the genealogy of the great men who flouriflied in the age in which 
Harding lived is the Domefday Survey, and recent refearches into that venerable and valuable record, by 
Mr. A. S. Ellis, and the Rev. R. \V. Eyton, the late eminent hiflorian of Shropfliire, who has done much 
for the correction of the Baronial jiedigrees of that diflri6t as given by Dugdale, fliew that Harding 
was an Englifhman the fon of an eminent Englifh Thane named Alnod, or EInod, or Ednothus as he is 
called in the text. There is however flill fome little difficulty in determining exadlly his parentage becaufe 
there were as appears from Domefday feveral Englifh Thanes who bore this or a like name. 

Upon this matter there has been much difculTion in " Notes and Queries," but the fubje(5t is too 
large to be treated of fully in a foot-note and we mufl refer our readers for details to that periodical, and 
to Mr. Eyton's Analyfis of the Domefday Survey of Somerfet. It may, however, be remarked that neither 
did Harding nor his poflerity for feveral centuries prefer any claim to a Royal Danifh defcent, nor is 
there, as admitted by Smyth, any indication of it to be found in any contemporary record or writer, nor in 
any of the Royal grants made to Harding himfelf. The earlieft fuggeftion of the kind was made by 
John Trevifa, Vicar of Berkeley, in 1351 — 236 years after the fuppofed date of Harding's death. 

It is to the critical acumen of Mr. Ellis we are indebted for having in his Domefday (ludies brought 
to our knowledge certain facfls which feem to be conclufive that Harding was the fon of Alnod, varioufly 
written Elnod and Ealnoth one of King Edward's greatefl Thanes, who in that King's reign held large 
poffeffions in various counties. He was Stallere, or Mafler of the Horfe, fucceflively to Edward, Harold 
and William. Two years after the Conquefl (1068) he led the men of Somerfet to refill the attack made 
by the fons of Harold upon the Coafls of that County, when he fell in battle, a circumflance, according 
to William of Malmefbury, not regretted by the Conqueror, who immediately feized upon his lands and 
beflowed them upon Hugh de Abrincis who was aftersvards advanced to the Earldom of Chefler. 
Mr. Eyton fuggefts that Harding was probably at that time a Minor, at all events he did not inherit any, 
of his father's eflates, but he was endowed with other lands by the Conqueror, inter alia, the Manors of 
Meriet and Lopen with four other Manors in Somerfet, and Eyton calls him " one of the greatefl. of 
the Anglo-Thanes in that County." He firfl, appears in the Gild Inquert. of 1084, where he is called 
" Hardincus de Meriet " from his Manor of Meriet and in other places " Hardincus filius Elnodi." 
He never, however, attained to the wealth and eminence of his father. There is little doubt he was 
Provofl of Brlrt.ol, then a fifcal Officer of the Crown. He was certainly a lawyer. William of Malmef- 
bury, a contemporary, fays he throve rather by forenfic than martial genius. He was one of the Juflices 
Itinerant to Devon and Cornwall in 1096. In all probability he was in Holy Orders though perhaps not 
a Priefl, as he married. Ellis fuggefls that his wife was a niece of Maurice Archdeacon of Maine, 
afterwards Bifhop of London, and that this connecflion is the origin of the name of Maurice in the family, 
and the adoption of a Mitre as a Crefl. He had feveral fons as flated in the text, and Smyth makes 
Robert the Elded, but both Ellis and Eyton concur in flating that Nicholas was Harding's heir. It is 
not at all unnatural, even in our own day, for a younger fon to become more wealthy and eminent than 
his elder brother, and to carry off the honours of the houfe. It is clear that Nicholas inherited his father's 
Manors, including Meriet and Lopen in Somerfet, of which he made a return in 1166, as cited by Smyth. 
" He certainly was," Mr. Ellis says, " the Ancedor of the family of Meriet and as certainly his father was 
Harding the fon of Alnod." WTien Nicholas made this return, Mr. Ellis fays, he mud have been about 76 
years of age, which would fit very well with his being the elder brother of Robert Fitz Hardinge of Bridol 
— Mr. Ellis has given many other particulars of the younger fons of Hardinge as fhewn in the accompany- 
ing pedigree which he has compiled. 

D 2 





m of Malmeftjury (8 254) in recording the death of Ealdnoth, 
ler, adds that "he was the father of Harding, -who yeifurviveSt 
more accuftomed to kindle ftrife by his malignant tongue than 
Id arms in the field of Battle." This was probably written 
11^0. Smyth gives the date of Harding's death about 1115, 
is IS too early. Harding, fon of Ealdnoth, held land of the 
of Glaftonbury. which he refufed to furrender, until Abbot 
A-ine (iioi— I r2o) obtained judgment againft him. Robert fitz 
ng gave to the abbey he founded, Fifehide (Magdalen) in Dorfet, 
it feems he held of the Earl of Chefter, ^.Tiiwhich had belonged 
od in the days 0/ Edward tti£ Con/ejfor. In 1096 " HardinuS 
Belnoldi" (Jlc) was one of the juftices in itinere in Devon 
ornwall. 


■■<r^ 


!aVICIA THOMAS 
d. of Robert a prieft, 
de Gaunt archdea- 
and heirefs con of 
of her mo- Worcef- 
ther, Alice ter. 
Paynel, ob. 
v.p. 1 192. 


Wo 

a; a 
S 


widow of the firft 

Ralph de " mafter 

Someri. almoner" 

She fur- of St. 

vived Mark's 

Maurice, Hospital 

and was refigned 

living in through 

1247. infirmity 

1268 ; bu. 

in the 

chapel. 






1 1 1 1 1 

= .. MAURICE JORDAN 

(? father of Jordan 

AGNES "de Were," David 

wifeofHugh "Were," of Briftol, 
de Hafeley and Arthur, nephews 

of Robert fitz Hard- 

MAUD. ing. Anceftor of the 

Lords de la Warr.) 

CECILY. 




ROBERT FITZ HARDING 

ELLIS. 


=ROBERT'deWere/= 
CO. Som., had his 
father's manors of 
BiUefwyck, juxta 
Briftol, Kingfwefton, 
Redwick, Beverfton, 
CO. Glou. : dead 1195. 


1 
, M.\URICE 'de,. 
Gaunt,' once occurs 
as ' Paynel,' came of 
age in 1207, an im- 
menfe inheritance 
fell to him through 
his mother, the great 
Barony of Paynel, 
chiefly in Yorkfhire 
and Line, died f.p. 
at Portfmouth, 30 
April. 1230, Foun- 
der of St. Mark's 
Hofpital, BiUefwick 
and of the Dominican 
Priory, Briftol. 




,ALA,dau.and HAWISE.dau.^ 
coh. of Guido and h. of Robt. 
filij. Tecii, of de Goumay of 
Tickenham, Barrow, widow 
whowasliving of Roger de 
1 158, had Ids. Clare and (?) of 
in Elmore. RogerdeBaal- 
un:dead 1168. 


= .. JORDAN .\LA EVA'deGour- MATILDA , 

wifeof nay,' fole heir only child of 

Ralph of her mother, Henr>-dOyly 

Bloet. had Barrow of Hooknor- 

and Englifh- ton, CO. Oxf., 

combe, CO. but died 
Som. died in 1219, without 
her half bro- ifl"ue in her 
ther Maurice's father's life- 
lifetime. Marr. time. 
1 Thomas de 
Tilly, of Rich- 
mont Caftle, in 
Somerfet ; a 
RogerdePeau- 
ton. 




,EVA, dau. of ELIAS FITZHAR- 

had a brother named DING, ? of Beving- 
Durand, founded a ton in Berkeley, had 
priory of nuns on S. lands from his bro- 
Michaels Hill, Briftol ther Robt. in Combe : 
wherein fhe took the witnefted the found- 
veil, and died priorefs ation charter of the 
12 March, 1170, but abbey, 
was bur. with her 
hulband 




1 
:NA NICHOLAS, 
^oger FITZ ROBT; 
keley of Tickenham 
rfley, co. Som. gave 
of the advowfon 
d. 12 to the abbey, 
. .. died 1189. 


|. 


, ROBERT FITZ HARDING of Briftol, Provoft of the town. 

Niece of apparentlya merchant there of great wealth and influence in the reign 
RogerBilhop of King Stephen, but pariifan of Robert, Earl of Gloucefter, on the 
of Salilbury, fide of the Emprefs Matilda, obtains grant of Berkeley harnefs in fee 
lands in from herfon Henry; from the Earl the manorsof Billefwickjuxta Briftol 
Atram, Dor- and Bedminfter; held lands of Humphrey de Bohun and William, 
fet given Earl of Warwick, 1166. Founder of the Abbey of St. .\uguftin in 
with her by 1142, became a canon therein, and died on the feaft of St. .'\gatha, 
him. 5 Feb., 1170 ; bur. between theftalls of the abbot and the prior. 


1 1 
ALICE MARGARET ALDENA HEL 
dau. of wife of Otho wife of Nigel wifeof 
Roger de fitz William fitz Arthur, of de Be 
Berkeley who had lands Clapton, Som., of Di 
of Berke- in Durfley with who had lands brothe 
ley. her. in Kingfcote Alice, 
with her. Jan. 


H 


OF THE FAMILY OF 

COMPILED BY A. S. 


= .. NoTB.-Willia 
thefta 

to wie 
about 
but th 
abbey 


Hardi 
which 
to A In 
filius 
and C 


-JOAN MAURICE HENRY ROGER , 

dau. of de Berkeley. died s p. FITZ 

Ralph — NICHOLAS, 

de WILLIAM of Ticken- 

Someri, de Berkeley. ham, died 

marr. 1230, held 

about HENRY a knight's 
1216. and fee of the 
RICHARD honor of 
faid to have Berkeley 
gone to Scot- 1205. 
land. 

wife 

of Oftiert 
GiflTard. 


ALNOD [Ealdnoth, ftaller, or, horfe thane, under King- 
Edward the Confeflbr, and after^vards under King Harold 
and the Conqueror. Slain in the autumn of 1086 at the head 
of the men of Somerfet, in an engagement with the fons of 
Harold when devafting the fea board of that ftiire, after 
their repulfe at Briftol. 


HARDING, SON OF ALNOD, held in 1085-6 a= 
manor in Meriet, co. Somerfet (Godwin's in the time of 
King Edward,) and the manors (Tovi's in King Edward's 
time) in Lopen, Bradon, Capland, Buckland and Difhcove. 
The father of Nicholas fitz Harding enfeoffed in the time of 
Henry I. William fitz Ofbcrt in two parts of a knight's fee 
and Wimund in the third part, and gave lands to Baldwin 
and Hildebrand. Harding, the father of Robert, died 
6th Nov. 




Ui 

o 

5 
w 


1 1 
-.. .. HENRY, a MAURICE _ 
prieft, dean of FITZ ROBERT 
Moreton, dio. FITZ - HARD- 
Exeter, after ING, or "de Ber- 
arch-deacon of keley, died 26 
Exeter, named June, rioo, bur. 
after Henryfitz Brentfortf ch-, 
Emprefs. (?) Middlesex. 


t/j ^^ 

<^' 

'-■a'; 

U . 
S n 

c-" £'; 
ai^.-. 


)out re-mar. brother and 
nfta- Hughde heir of Robt. 
iftol Gour- 1221, died 29 
und- nay. Nov. 1243, 
St. bu. S. aifle 
e's of the Abbey 
Bed- Church, 
died 
lay, 
flip 








NICHOLAS FITZ HARDING. 
Ton and heir of Harding, having inherited 
his fief which he certified in 1166 to be 
two knights' fees and a half in Somerfet- 
(hire. He alfo held one knight's fee of 
the old fcoflTment of William. Earl of 
Gloucefter. Muft have been 76 at leaft 
in 1166 ; dead 1171. 


NICHOLAS = .. JULIANA = ROBE 
DE dau. of Wil- de Berk 
MERIET, of liamdePont of Berk 
Meriet, 1205, de I'arch, born a 
died .220, niece of Wil- 1,65, co 
"held Meriet liam. Mar- ble of B 
in capite by (hall. Earl of Caftle.fo 
de/cent from Pembroke. er of 
tlu Conqurft" Katherir 
(Tefta. de Ne- Hofp., 
vill, p. 163,) miniler, 
alfo the lands s.p. 13 ft 
in Lopen, and 1221, ? e 
a knt.'s fee in Rede 
of the Earl of Church. 
Gloucefter. 


"S 




HENRY DE MERIET. 
gave a virgate of land 
at Meriet to the Kts 
Templars before 11 85. 
Paid fcutage 1171 : in 
the roll as " Henry fitz 
Nicholas." 


•c 



tlobcrl tl)c Jivst 



27 



H; 



„ diuerfse cart : in 

Cljc life of Robert the Sonne of Harding, vluall ?nicD diuerf.s tempore 
in writings, Rob fit Hardig, And S' Robert fitz Hard And Rot :pipa temp 
Robert fitz Harding, And Robtus filius Hardingi, And 
Robtus filius Hardingi filij Regis Daciae, 311iiD was the firft 
Lord of Berkeley. 

5Cni> may bee called Robert the Devout. 
Contcmporarp with King Henry the firfle, Kinge Stephen, 
and King Henry the fecond ; from the yeare 11 15 to the 
yeare 1170. 

WWc 'ife I deliver to his pofterity vnder theis fowertene 
titles, viz* : 

I. — j^i^ birth and Education : fol : 28. 

2.—^Ziit old Chartars of Berkeley, And this Lords firft Creation of 
Lord Berkeley : fol : 28 : 

3. What the Manor of Berkeley and Berkeley herneffe of old w^s, 

and is : fol : 32. 

4. — (g)f 55aron3S fpirituall and temporall, fol : ^7. 

5. — (0f what Lands this Lord was feized, and died feized of : 
fol : 42. 72. 

6._Ipijf founding of S' Auguftines Abby : fol : 43. 

7—^10 wife, fol : 54. 

8.— ]^i^ iffue, fol : 55. 

9.— ^crKlcp of Durfley . fol : 66 . 67 . 68 . 69. 
10. — 2BcrhcIcp of Coburley . fol : 67 . 68. 
1 1.— J^ingCjeiCOt of Kingefcote . fol : 70. 
12. — CljijSf Lords feale of Armes, fol : 71. 
13. — J^ij^ Dcntl) and place of buriall . fol : 71. 
J 4. — ^tjc application and vfe of his life , fol : 73. 



22 



Zt^e %i\ic^ of ti)c 25ccftricpiSf 



1115 



28 

Augufl. : chartul : 
fo 34. in cad. Bark: 



Robt de Ricart 
Maniifcript. 



c 



jl^i^ btctl) mix (lE&ucation 

t^tS ^OP^rtt was borne in Briflowe, towards the end of William the 
Conquerors raigne, bred up in that Towne with Harding his father, 
And after his death (poffeffing the mofl of his eflate, which (as the 
effe6ls poynt out) was great, dwelled in Baldwineftreet there, {a name to this 
day retayned) from whence hee after removed, Ad magnam domum lapideam quam 
fecit fuper fromam, to a great houfe built by him of Stone vpon the River of 
Frome, as theis wordes of an old Deed of that tyme are ; part of which houfe to 
this daye remayneth vndemolifhed. 



Holiingfhed, W^llt^t Mawd the Empreffe and Henry Plantagenet her fonne were contend- 

alij. inge with the vfurpur Stephen for the Crowne, much of their refidence was at 

Briflowe, as alfo was the Education of the faid Henry, there brought up in Learn- 

inge from the fowrth to the viij'*" yeares of Stephen, which prefented one of y° many 

occafions of that great familiarity and Love, which alwayes after continewed betwene 

the fayd Henry and this Robert, And perhaps alfo theire affe6lions (befides theire 

Newl: Fed: et 3. neer alliance in bloud) fomewhat the more fympathized, by being both of them the 

Rotj : de Ricart grandchildren of Kinges 3llnD foe far forth ere that Crowne Clayme was fettled, 

manufc : cum (\[^ jj^g Empreffe and her fonne Henry make ufe of the purfe of this Robertt in 

that wantfull tyme of theirs, That from Roger of Berkeley Lord of Durfley were his 

fee farme Lands of Berkeley taken by this Duke Henry and Mawde his Moother 

for the Caufes formerly mentioned. 3Ilnb for an hanfell (as it were) of that lumpe 

which followed, one hundred pounds land of that of Berkeley with the Manor of 

Bitton, was given to this Robertt and his heires by Deede (yet remayneinge vnder 

feale) in theis wordes 



Cart : in caRro 
de Berkeley. 



f$: 2DU)C Norrti et Comes And, Qibus Archiepis, Epis, Abbib5, confulibj, 
baronib5, et amicis fidelibus, Francis et Anglicis: Sal: 



29 ^ctatt^ me dediffe Roberto filio Hard et heredibus fuis, manlium | Betthone 

cu oibus appendicijs fuis, Et infuper centum libratas terre in manerio de Berkelai, 

ita 



Hifc of iiobcvt rt)c fit^t 



23 



ita libere et quiete, in bofco, et piano, et pafcuis, et pratis, et aquis, et vijs, et terris ^^^^'^j*; ""^^/^^f j^ 

arrabilibus, cum omnibus libertatibus et confuetudinibus, cu Tol, et them, et zoch, the Englifh booke 

et Sache, et Belle, et Burgiet,' et infankenethef, et omnibus quietantijs que ibi ^j^/j^l^.g''™" ^ 

fuerunt in tempore Henrici Regis avi mei, in feudo et hereditate, illi et heredibus 

fuis, Ad Tenendu de me et heredibus meis per fervitiu duo^ mutato^ accipitrum 

fmgulis annis m' et meis heredibus reddendorum, Et pepigi ei firmare ibi caftellii 

fecdm voluntatem ipfius Robti. Et propter haec fup'di6la dona, Rodbertus filius 

Hardingi devenit meus homo, et ego per fidem meam affidaui ei pa6liones 

fup'didas tenere illi atque heredib3 fuis. Et hoc idem affidauit Reginaldus Comes 

Cornubiae, et Rodbtus de Dunfta[n]villa, et Ric: de Humez Conftabularius et Manefer 

Bifeth dapifer, et Guarinus filius Geraldi Camerarius, et Wittus filius Hamonis, et 

Philippus de Columbers, qui huius pa6lionis teftes exiftunt: Et prefer iftos, teftes 

funt inde Abbas ici Auguftini de Briftou, et frater Adam Canonicus eius, et 

Henricus filius Rodbti, et Wittus Cumin, et Jordanus frater Rodbti, et Jordanus et 

Dauid nepotes eius, et Ric: de Hanam apud Briftou. 

I^otDC great a reputation a Charter of fuch an extraordinary quality brought to 
this Robert, and what an opticke glaffe it remaynes to fhowe the honor of his 
perfon and greatnes of his purfe, let others obferue: 

3IIctortltl10ip the Caftle was built at Berkeley where yet it ftandeth in the moft 
confpicuous and convenient place for ayre, water, pafture, meadowe, wood, and 
benefitt of the great River of Seaverne, that, that fruitfull vale could then affourd, 
31l^ to fee the buildinge thereof, the fayd Duke Henr>^ came in perfon. As by his 
Deed of Confirmation of Bedminfter to this Robert dated at Barkeley may probably 
be gathered Howbeit at the firft eredion of the Caftle, it onely comprehended the 
inmoft of the three gates and what is within the fame: The two vtmoft and all the 
buildings within them, being the additions of Maurice eldeft fonne of this Robertt, FoI : [83] 
and of Thomas the fecond in the fixth of Edw: the fecond, and of Thomas the 
third in the xviij'*' of Edward the third, as after in their lyves appeareth. 

I^Ot two yeares had paffed after the former grant, before the fayde | Duke 30 
made a larger to this Robert in theis wordes. 



Cart : in CaAro 
de Berkeley. 



1^: Si gfa dux Norm et Aquitanie et Comes And, Omib3 Archiepis Epis, Cartam Caftro 



Abbib), Confulib3, vicecoiS, baronib3, Jullicijs, et amicis fidelibus, Francis, et 
Anglicis: Sat. J>ciatij9i me dediffe et conceffiffe Rodbto filio Hard et heredibus 

fuis 
1 See Note B, page 62. 



de Berkeley. 



24 



Ztft Hibc^ of tJ)c 25ccftcIfpjS 



iirS 



Carta in Callro 
de Berkeley fig : 
cum rubea csera. 

31 



ct totam Berkelai 

hemefTe, id efl all 

the Nookes and 

Corners of 

Berkeley 



fuis, Berkelai et totam Berkelai herneffe, maneriii cu omib3 appendicijs fuis, plene 
et integre ficut erat in tempore Henrici Regis avi mei 'CcilCllllU in feodo et heredi- 
tate fibi et heredibus fuis, de me et heredib3 meis per ferviciu Vnius militis, vel fi 
Robtus aut heredes fui melius voluerint, centum folidos reddant pro feruitio mittis 
per Anil tjUfllTC volo et precipio vt ipfe Rodbtus et heredes fui pra;di6lum manerium 
et omnia pertinentia fua, in ecclefijs, in nemoribus, in planis, in pafcuis, in terris, in 
aquis, in vijs, in femitis, et in placitis, et in oiiiibj rebus et eventibj teneant et im- 
perpetuu habeant libere quiete et honorifice cii Tol, et Tem, et Soch, et Sache, et 
Infanckenethef, et cu oiiiibus libertatibus et liberis confuetudinibj fuis et quietancijs 
que ibi fuerunt in tempore Henrici Regis avi mei. Et preterea dedi et conceffi eis 
habere in pdifto manerio liberum Marcheium^ cum oibus libertatibus quae ad 
Marcheium pertinent quacunque die feptimane voluerint, et monetam cum proprio 
monetario fuo: Et quando feci banc donationem predco Rodbto, ipfe dedit mihi 
quingentas marcas argenti de recognitione. <^. Abbate Sci Auguflini de Briflou, 
et Henrico Thefaurario, Witto Cumino, Rogero Comite Hereford, Ricardo de 
Humez Conftabut, Manfier Bifeth Dapif", Robto de Saltemareis 

3llnlJ about two yeares after, vpon the death of Kinge Stephen, (the fayd Duke 
Henry then being King) Hee in the firfi; of his raigne made a third grant to this 
Robertt by his Deed in theis wordes — viz' 

f$ : bi gtfl Rex Angt et Dux Norin et Aquit et Comes And, oibus Archiepis, 
Epis, Abbatibus, confulibj, vicecoiri, Baronib-j, Juftic et amicis fuis fidelibus, Francis 
et Anglicis, Sattm ^ctattj^ me dediffe et conceffiffe Rodbto filio Hard et heredibj 
fuis, Berkelai | et totam Berkelai herneffe manerium cu omnib3 appendicijs fuis, 
plene et integre ficut erat in tempore Regis Henrici avi mei <<JtcncnDn in feodo et 
hereditate fibi et hseredibus fuis de me et hseredibus meis per ferviciu quinque 
militum, quacc volo et firmiter precipio vt ipfe Robertus et heredes fui, predidlum 
maneriii et omnia pertinentia fua in ecctijs, in nemoribus, in planis in pafcuis, in 
terris, in aquis, in vijs, in femitis, in placitis, et in oinibus rebus et eventib3 teneant 
et imppetuii tleant, libere, quiete et honorifice, cu Tol: et Tem, et Soch et Sache, et 
Infanckenethef, et cu oibus libertatibus et liberis confuetudinibus et quietantijs que 
ibi fuerunt in tempore Henrici Regis avi mei, Et preterea dedi et conceffi eis habere 
in predco manerio liberum Marcheium cum oinibus libertatibus que ad Marcheium 
pertinent quacunque die feptimanae voluerint, et monetam cum proprio monetario 
fuo : Et quando feci banc donationem predco Rodbto, ipfe dedit mihi quingentas 
marcas argenti de recognitione. C Abbate Rico Sci Auguflini de Briflou, 

Reginald 
1 See Note B, page 62. 



1 I/O 



aiifc of Bdbat tljc f itieft 



25 



Reginald Comite Cornubie, Rogero Comite Heref, Rico de Humes Conftabulario, 
Manifier Bifeth Dapifer, Wittmo filio Haimindi, Guarino filio Geraldi, Robto de 
Salteniaries. 

3Iln& this is that Deed which hath many tymes in the raignes of feverall Kinges 
bene inrolled and confirmed, as the marginalls declare, from w** the Barony of 
Berkeley and dignity of being a Baron or peere of the Realme, is by this family 
derived to themfelves, And from which, ought to bee the precedency of the now 
Lords place, as after more at large will be related in the lives of James the firft, 
and of Maurice the fixth : fot this grant was his very Creation of Baron, And by 
it refuked to the fayd Lord Robert, the dignity of Baron, and to bee a Baron and 
peere of y' Realme, viz'. Baronem nobilitatis gradu ornatum, hauing by it, regularly 
and originally the true effentialls of a Baron and Barony, viz', Jurifdi(5lion and 
territory holden by Knights feruice in Capite, both for Ciuill and Criminall caufes. 
not beinge created a Baron by writt, or patent, but by tenure as aforefayde, which 
is the moft noble and antient of y' three kinds of Barons that are at this daye of 
whome I fhall hereafter write fomcwhat more. I 



I H : 2. bis 
Mauricio 
I et 10 R : 2 
Rot : cart i. Jotiis 
pars 2. n"- 100 ff. 
Pafch : rec : 4 E : 
3. in Sccio rot : 
7.8. et Pafch: fin: 
4 : E : 3 rot : 2 bis. 
Cartae 4 : E : 3. m. 

25 

pat: i2:E:4.m: 21. 

pars. 1. 

Pat : 3. et 4 Ph : 

et Mariae. 

ptita in recept. 

Sccij. 

8 : E : I . de quo 

warrant. 



311^ for the two former graunts, I efteeme them but as matter hifloricall, and as 32 

fecurities for the monies and fupplyes which the Duke & Emprefs his Mother, at P"'^ '^^ 1"° 

' ^ -^ * _ warranto in 

feuerall tymes drewe from this Lord Robert, |3citljCt can this family haue any legall Coin : Glouc : 
caufe hereafter to mention them: And were made betweene the feauenth of ^^ '^^' 

September 11 50. (on which daye the fayd Henry by the death of Geoffrey Plan- Hollinglh : fol : 58 

taginet his father became Duke of Normandy) and the five and twentieth of 64.384. 

Oclober 11 54. (on which day the fayd Henry by the death of King Stephen, ^^^'.^ui^etSij. 
became King of England) when forthwith after, hee made the latter grant, whereby 
he was created Baron as aforefayd. 



SHiUj if this family meet with two or more Deeds of theis lands made to 
Maurice eldefl fonne of this Lord Robertt, by the fayd Henry whileft hee was 
Duke, at the fame tymes his father had the former, let it bee conceived. That either 
they were made to Maurice, when his Father Robertt became a Channon of y' 
Monafter)^ of St. Auguftines as after followeth : Or were made upon the conclufion 
of Maurice mariage with the daughter of Roger Berkeley of Durefley (whereof I 
haue already writen) the more fairely to drawe on that peace, Or (if you take them 
not as confirmations) were made in the nature of duplicates, being y* fame in tyme 
and lands, onely differinge in the perfons to whome they were made, % CCUV^C 
ufuall in thofe dayes. <©f 



26 



€i)c Hibc^ of tijc 25crhclcp^ 



1115 



Mapteus nianufcr. 

in Campden fo : 

362 

Originall Manu : 

in biblioth. Oxon. 

riot : pip : I H : 2 

in Sccio 

Rot : pip : 6 : R : 2 

in arce Londin : 



33 



Domefday book 
in com. Glouc : 

WoodcheRer 8 
miles fro Berkeley. 



<&( tfjc manor of 2Bcrhclcp anb 25crlidcp ^cnxt^ 

i^liat old manufcript of Walter Mape an Hiftorigrapher of that tyme fhall 
declare, what this Manor of Berkeley and Berkeley Herneffe was at the Conquefl, 
and at the times of their grants ; In theis words turned into Englifh : 25arhckp 
neere unto Seaverne is a Towne of five hundred pounds revenew, In it there was a 
Nunnery. And the Abbeffe ouer theis Nunnes was a noble woeman and a 
beautifull, Earle Goodwine by a cunninge and fubtile wit, defireing not herfelfe, but 
hers, as hee paffed that way left with her a Nephewe of his, a very proper and 
beautifull yonge gentleman (pretending that he was fickly) untill hee returned back : 
him hee had given this leffon, That hee fliould keepe his bed, and in noe wife feeme 
to bee recovered vntill hee had got both her and as many of y° Nunnes as he could 
I with child, as they cam to vifit him, 3llnt> to the end the yonge man might obtayne 
theire favore and his full purpofe when they vifited him, the Earle gaue unto him 
prety ringes and fine girdles to beftowe for fauours vpon them, and thereby to 
deceive them j^cc therefore beinge gladly and willingly entred into this courfe of 
libidinous pleafure (for that the way downe to hell is eafy) was foone taught his 
leffons, and wifely playeth the foole in that which feemed wife in his owne conceit 
toitt) him were reftant all thofe thinges that the foolifh virgins could wifh for, 
beauty, dainty, delicates, riches, faire fpeeches ; And carefull hee was now to fingle 
them alone ; The Deuill therefore thruft out Pallas, brought in Venus, and made 
the Church of our Saviour and his faints, an accurfed temple of all Idolls, and the 
(hryne, a very ftewes : And foe of pure lambes hee made them fowle fhee wolves, 
and of pure virgins filthy Harlots, Ji^olDC when as many of theire bellies bare out 
bigge and round, this youth beinge by this tyme over wearyed with Conquefl of 
pleafure, getteth him gone. And forthwith bringeth home againe vnto his lord and 
mafter a vicflorious enfigne worthy to haue the reward of Iniquity, And to fpeake 
playne, relateth what was done, |^oc fooner heard hee this, but hee hieth him to the 
kinge, informeth him howe the lady Abbeffe of Barkeley and her Nunnes were great 
with child, and comonly proftitute to euery one that would, fendeth fpetiall Meffengers 
of purpofe for inquiry thereof, proveth all that hee had faid, hee beggeth Berkeley 
of the king his lord after the Nunnes were thrufl out, and obtayned it at his handes, 
311ltlJ he left it to his wife Gueda, but becaufe fhee her felfe would eat noethinge (foe 
faith Domefday booke) that came out of this Manor, for that the Nunnery was 
deftroyed, hee purchafed for her, Vdecefler, That thereof fhee might live foe longe 
as fhee made her abode at Berkeley. 



Rot ■ pipa: i H 2 JDifliaill de Berchelai in his Accompt in the Exchequer, for the farme of 

in Sccio. Berchelai made in the firft yeare of King Henry the fecond, Anno 11 54. hath an 

allowance 



1I70 aiifc Of Robert tl)f if ir^t ^7 

allowance of three pownds by him layd out, in vcftitura trium monialium, (for the 
garments of three Nunnes) had a kindc of hold or remainderniipp at Berkeley till 
King Stephens death, when this Accompt ended, when alfo ended all further 
allowance or memoriall of y' Nunnes or Accompts of y' Farme of Barkeley ; At 
what tyme was remayninge in the handes of the faid William, the fome of 234^' — 
13' — S** which hce then payde ; "JUiib this is the eldefl: accompt in this Kingdome, 
that remayneth at this day vnconfumed by tyme. | 

f^CClXC alfo what the booke called Domefdaye remayninge in the receipt of y*^ 34 
Exchequer, compiled in the xiiij'"' of y*" Conquerors raigne, more particularlie fpeaketh 
of this manor of Berkeley and of Berkelai Hernefs in its owne latin wordes, though 
in an other character. 

<(5lotDcci6ftcr;tfcirc : ^crra ♦ Hcgx^. 

3In Berchelai habuit . E . rex 5 . hidas , et in Dnio . 5 caruc , et 20 villan , et . p^^gf^j ^ooke 
5 . Bordar, cum .11. caruc , et 9 fervi , et . 1 1 . molini de . 12 folid . Ibi . 10 Radche- in thefau : Sccij. 
niflres habentes . 7 hid . et 7 caruc , Ibi vnu forum in quo manent . 17 . holes, et 
reddunt cenfum in firma. 

j^ae 23crcto pertinen ad Berchelai 

9[lt Hilla . 4 . hidae %n Almintune . 4 . hidae . %n Hinetune . 4 . hidae , 3In 
Camma . 6 . hidae . et alie .11. hidae ^iW Gofmtune . 4 . hidae . 5(n Derfdege . 3 
hidae . %n Covelege . 4 . hidae , 3fn Euuelege . 2 . hidae ^llt Nimdesfelle . 3 . hidae 3In 
Vittune .15. hidae , et dimid 3fn Simondefhale dimid hida , ^fn Chingefcote . 4 . hidae 
et dimid 31" Beureftune . 10 . hidae , ^[n Ofleuuorde dimid hida , 3In Almodelterie . 
2 . hidae , '^ix Horefelle . 8 . hidae , ^in Wc^ttmC . 7 • hidae et vnu virg., '^n Eldbertone . 
5 . hidae . 3fn Cromale . 2 . hidae , 5fn Erlingehame . 9 . hidae , ^iH Efceleuuorde . 3 . 
hidae. Haec fupradifta membra omnia pertinent ad Berchelai. 311U theis villages are 
members belonging to Berkeley. 

3[ntcr totum 

3[n his , Terr Regis Edri in dnico . 49 . carucat et dimid , et . 242 . villani , et . 
142 . bordai', cu . 126 . caruc ; Ibi . 127 . fervi , Lbi . 19 libi hoies Radcheniftr. hentes, 
48 carucat cum fuis hoibu5 , Ibi . 22 . colibti et . 15 . ancillae , Ibi 8 molini de 57 
folid et fex denar.^ Clje Englifhing whereof I leave to the lovers of fuch venerable 
Antiquities, yet w"" purpofe in my Defcription of the hundred of Berkeley to fpeake 
Alphabetically of the Etimologies, derivations, and fignifications of thofe villages 
Townefhipps, and Auntient wordes. %\00 

1 Thefe extrafts have been collated with the original and fome errors correifled. [Ed.] 
E 2 



28 



€t)c %i\ie0 of tl)e 25crhclcp^ 



1115 



Quo warrant, in 

thefaurr : recepta 

Sccij 15. E: I. 



35 



Pafch : 4. E : 3. 

rot : 7. 8 in Sccio 

Pafch : fin : 4. E : 

3 rot. 2. bis ifim 

HiUar : 37 E : 3. 

rot 8 in Sccio 

fol: 

Trin : rec : 8 Eliz: 
rot : 41 in Sccio 
after the plea of 

weRon Baldocke. 
fol: 



Red Booke in y° 
Excheqs : fo : in. 



QUI.i^O, a triall in a quo warranto brought by King Edward the firfl in the 
fifteenth of hi.s raigne againfl Thomas the fecond then Lord Berkeley not onely 
manifefteth, That by the fayd Chartar of King Henry the fecond, the forefayd 
Townefhipps with theire hambletts paffed to this lord Robert and his heires, But 
alfo an Hundred called the Hundred | of Berkeley is appendant to the fayd Manor 
of Berkeley, And alfo a leet of all refiants in the faid villages and Townefhipps, as 
parcell of y^ fayde hundred, or rather as incident thereto. 

iCo which effect alfo are two other excellent records in the Office of the 
Remembrancer to the Lord Treafurer, the one in the fourth yeare of King Edward 
the third, And the other in the xxxvij* of the fame Kinge, of both which I fliall 
agayne make a fecond mention in places more proper ; And if the eye of this family 
be cafl upon a Judgm' in y" fame Court, given upon an other quo warranto or writt 
of prerogativa regis in Anno Octavo Eliz : Regine, touching this Manor and 
hundred of Berkeley and the liberties thereof, Then hath it feene the choyfeft 
peeces in that behalfe which doe remayne of record, fave the grant of liberties in 
xiiij'° Jacobi mentioned in the life of the lafl George. 

IDfjcn King Henry the fecond married Matilda his eldeft daughter to the 
Duke of Saxony, hee leavied xiij' iiij!^ of every knights fee throughout the land, 
And in that xiij'*' of his raigne, comaunded that every man by his publique inflru- 
ment vnder his feale, fhould fignifie what knights fees hee held of him, which 
(being in his grandchildes dayes King Henry the third, compiled into one booke 
by Allexander Archdeacon of Salop) is that remarkable booke, which at this daye 
is called the Red booke in y^ Exchequer, whereto this my Colleflions are behold- 
inge ; what tyme this Lord Robert certified in theis words 



Cartfl Roberti filij Hardingi : I^ciiriCO dei gratia Regi Anglie &c. Robtus filius 
honor de Berkeley. Hardingi Sattm 5§)CWtii6f quod vobis debeo de Berkelai fervicium quinque millitum, 
Sed Rogerus de Berkelai tenet terram de honore de Berkeley, vnde nullum mihi 
facit fervicium, fctt Ofelvordam, et dimidiu Newenton, et totum feodum Bernardi 
Capelli ; "^n Englifh thus: Co Henry by the grace of god Kinge of England &c. 
Robert the fonne of Harding fendeth greetinge, hnoU)C, that I owe to you the 
fervice of five knights fees for Berkeley, But Roger of Berkeley holds Owfelworth, 
and halfe Newenton, and the lands of Bernard Caple, for which hee doth to mee 
noe fervice at all. 

%Viti alfo this Manor of Berkeley was for the eminency thereof in thefe antient 
36 tymes (and foe continueth to this day enobled with the | name of an Honor or the 

honor 



II70 



Uifc of Hobcvt tJjc fim 



29 



honor of Berkeley as feverall bookes in the office of the Kings Remembrancer in 
the Exchequer in many feverall leaves of them doe witnes : As alfo one other old 
bookc of knights fees in the fame Court, wherein under the title of Com Gloc, 
diuers Knights fees are found to bee holden de honore de Berkeley %vX} as by 
many other Deeds and records hereafter mentioned in the life of this lord, and of 
Maurice his fonne, and of Robert and Thomas his fonnes, and others, in theire due 
places, will appeare. 

3IIsf for the fignification of thefe wordes of liberty and Jurifdicflion, as Tol, 
Tern, Soche, Sach, Infankenethefe, &c. mentioned in the fayd Charters, they are 
expounded in the booke of the Tearmes of the lawe, more then tenne tymes re- 
printed and inlarged, But for theis generall and boundles wordes, in omnibus rebus 
et eventibus, (in all things and happenings, or which may happen or chance) lett his 
family (if it may bee) expound them after the old meaningc, by theis and the like 
in other Charters and grants made by the fame and other kinges in diuers ages, as 
well before y' Conqueft as fmce, And then the iurifdi^lion will be large enough for 
a fubieft, and (perhaps) larger then the allowed vfage can well bee proved to have 
bene, viz' 



honor de Berkeley 
Red book in Sccio 
TeRa de Neuill 
in Sccio: temp: 

H:3 

lib : feod ; mil : in 
Colli : Glouc : 
Rot pip : 2. Jotiis. 
Aug : chartular. 
fol. 21. 33. 
Claus:4:H.3.m:8 
Claus: II E: 2. 



f^f^e Charter of Kinge Athelftan to the Monaftery of Si John of Beverlac, Pat:4.H: s.m. 24. 
gives (with the lands) liberties, in theis words. As free make I thee, as hert may 
thenk or eigh may fee. 

f^C Charter of Wittm the Conqueror made to the Abbot of Batde gives (with Cart: 22. E: 3 
the lands) liberties, as large, vt rex dare poteft, et quieta ab ornibus que humana 
mens excogitare poteft, As the Kinge can give, free from a<l thinges that the mind 
of man can imagine. 



CI)C Charter of Kinge Henry the firft, to the Abbott of Redinge gives (with Cart: 12. E: 3 
the landes) omnes libertates quas regia poteftas alicui Abaciae conferre poteft, all ^ ' ''*" 
liberties which regall power can give. 

3Illltl in the grants of fubiefts, viz! Wittm Earle Marifchall, in the tyme of Cart: 17. E:3 
King John, gave lands to the Channons of Kirktemell in the County of Lancaftar, ™ = 9- 
with, quicquid libertatis os loqui poteft, aut cor homines cogitare, | To hold in land 37 
and liberty as freely as the mouth can fpeake, or hart can thinke, IDJjicfj fewe 
(amongft many others the like in the Chartar rolls in the Tower) I held fittinge to 

mention 



30 



€l)c %iMe0 of tfjc 20erhdcp^ 



1115 



MapsBUs Manufcr: 
in biblioth. Oxon. 

Rotipipajin Sccio 

I H : 2. Glouc : 

Rot :pip£e. 6. R: i. 

in arce londinef). 

Vetus manufcr : 

cii Rotito 

Oldefworth 

liber Domefdai. 



fol: 



38 



midegemot; the 

great affembly 

Witena-gemot 

the aflembly of 

wife men. 

comune confilium 

Magna curia 

generalis 

conuentus. 



mention, that the poflerity of this family may bee provided of femblable materialls, 
when hereafter they fhall renue theire Charters, or bee driven to defend theire 
claymes. 

3Cnb as it is certaine, that the lands that paffed by this grant to this Lord 
Robert were the fame which Roger Berkeley of Durefley held in fee farme from the 
Crowne at 500* 17? 2f rent p Annu, Soe I am affured. That the fame at this daye in 
the hands of thofe lords and Tennants that nowe hold them, are much more worth 
then fifty thoufand pownds per Annu, there being at that tyme not ten fmall free 
holds in all thofe Townefhipps, parifhes, and Manners, as elfwhere in theis relations 
appeare : |pcitl)cr is it otherwife conceived, by men wifer then my felfe, but that 
50ot 1 7^ 2"^. in the tyme of y' Conqueror, and till this grant in the firfl of Kinge 
Henry the fecond, payd in that kind of money noted to bee 251 : and nuo^ in the pipe 
rolls, befides fuch vi6tualls and other workes and accruments as arofe out of theife 
lands (above the 500^ 1 7' 2"! in money) was as much in the effeft, and would each 
way have gone as farr, and done as much, as fifty (nay almoft as twice fifty) thoufand 
pownds will doe or compas at this daye wherein I write, ^flllD let not this paffage 
bee reproved, but by the iuditious, And then I hould it vnreproveable : 3IlnD 
befides the lafl title of this lords life, will fhewe. That hee was owner of a third 
part of land more, befides what my weakenes in tymes foe remote, hath not bene 
able to finde out. 

#f 25acon^ tcnigomn anb jtfpiritiial 

<©niittin0C to faye any thinge of Barons by prefcription, as thofe whofe 
Anceftors tyme out of mynd have bene called to the parliament by writ, whereof 
none nowe remayne. ^Baroil^Sf by tenure, are thofe whoe hold anye honor, Caflle 
or Manor, as the head of theire Barony, in capite per baroniam, which is grand 
Serieantye, as the Lord Berkeley doth, as after followeth in the life of this Lord 
and his Succeffors till James the firfl : 3£nD theife Barons by tenure are either 
Barons fpirituall or Temporall : dDf Barons fpirituall ^f I will fay noe more (for 
it is befides my purpofe) Then that Archbifhoppes and Bifhopps are peers of the 
Realme, and have, both before and fince the Conqueft (in regard of their tempo- 
ralties) both in y' antient Brittaynes and Saxons Kinges dayes, bene called to their 
parliam'.' or other affemblies of flate. I^otDbctt not foe much (in thofe Ante-conquefl 
dayes,) in refpe6l of their tenures, for then all were in Frankalmaine, but efpetially 
becaufe the lawes and Counfells of men, were then held moft currant and comend- 
able, and had a more bleffed iffue and fuccefs, when they were grounded vpon the 

feare 

1 Blank and Numero — In the mofl ancient times, next after the Conqueft, Payments at the 
Exchequer were made ad scalam and ad pcnsum ; and in Blank (i.e. dealbated or blanched) Silver, and 
Money numero, or by tale. (See Madox " Hiftory &c., of the Exchequer." i. 275.) [Ed.] 



1 170 



Hifc of Hobcvt tl)c fir^t 



3» 



feare of god, the roote and begininge of wifdome and ena6led by the advife of fuch 
principall grave and learned pfons. 25ut fliortly after the Norman Conqucfl the 
Conqueror altered the tenure of theire Blfliopricks as Matthew Paris hath, in Anno 
1070. 311nll nowe they have noe title to have conilant place or voyce in parliam!, but 
onely in rcfpcft of their temporall baronies & poffcffions And by holding as Tenants 
per Baroniam, And foe thereby Barons and they fit at this day as temporall Barons 
and not as Bifliopps, or under that fpirituall and pfonall Charatler of being Bifhops, 
And nowe may be faid to have theire Originall, in theis pofl-conquefl dayes, of 
theire being fuch conflant barons of parliament as wee now fee them, onely from 
their feilin and inveftiture of theire baronies, wherein much might be amplified out 
of y' bookes and Statutes vouched in the margent, and many others. 23ut as 
touchinge the temporall Barons by tenure, theire Releifes were vncertayne 3Ilnll in 
the tyme of this Henry the fecond, and before, were ratable at the pleafure of the 
kinge, iuxta voluntatem et mifericordiam domini regis, faith Glanvile that then lived, 
which was one pretence for the Barrons warres that after raged : A queftion 
betweene the Kinge and the Subieft, not reduced into certainty till the Statute of 
Magna Charta in y' ninth yeare of kinge Henry the third 3lnD concerninge this 
very poynt in the particular cafe of Thomas the third, the trinepos, or great- 
great-great-great grandchilde of this Lord Robertt in the fourth yeare of King 
Edward the third, for the twoe Releefes there demanded of him, payable after the 
deaths of his father and Grandfather there is a iudgment in the poynt, 3llnb alfoe 
one other in the xxxvij'*" yeare of y^ fayd Kinge, declaringe that the tenure of this 
Manor of Berkeley, is per baroniam, and the lord thereof a | Baron by tenure 3Ciii) 
howe thofe releefes were made certaine at an hundred markes the peece, by the 
fayd liatute of Magna Carta, after which rate the fayd Lord Thomas then payd for 
his Father and grandfather, 3fintl for further proofe of this tenure of y' manor of 
Berkeley to bee per baroniam, is the confirmacon of Quene Alienor in the firft 
yeare of King Richard the firft, to the lord Maurice fonne and heire of this Lo : 
Robert, To hold this Mano'^of her fonne Kinge Richard, in baronia, by five knights 
fees, fhee then (in her fonnes abfence in y" holy land) beinge Regent of this king- 
dome. 511nD alfo an Office after the death of William de Albamara in the fortieth 
yeare of King Henr}^ the third, finding his lands in Stinchcome within this Manor 
of Berkeley to be holden de dno baronia; de Berkeley ; %^ al0O part of the land of 
Robert Wither in Bevington within the piflie of Berkeley, alyened by him in the 
fecond yeare of Edward the fecond to the Abbott of Kingefwood, is found by Jur)^ 
to bee holden of Thomas then Lord Berkeley, who (fayth this record) holds the 
fame with his other lands and tenements of the Kinge in capite, per baroniam 3tnD 

alfo 



Mathew Paris. 

1070 

conflit. clarendon. 

10. H : 2. 1 164 

art. 1 1. 

Coke. 8 pars, (o: 

19. 20. 

Jewel, con : Hard. 

to : 620. 

Provis : mcrton. 

1272. Stat : II R; 

2. cap : 3. 



Stat 19. H : 3 
cap : 2. 

Pafch : 4 E : 3. 
rot: 7. 8. in Socio 



Hillar : 37. E : 3 • 
rot : 8. in Socio 

39 

Baronia lib : 

relior : cum rem: 

thefaur: in hillar. 

term : 37. E : 3 in 

Socio. 

Carta in Cailro de 

Berkeley. 

3oO(ftob: i.R: I. 

baronia. 



Efcaet : 40. H : 3. 
in arc : londini. 

Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 

Ad quod damnfi 
2 : E : 2 

n" n 2. in arc : Ion: 
Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



32 



€l)c %i\)e^ of tijc 25crhdcjjsf 



1115 



Rot:efcaet:inarce, 
London. 5: E: i. 



alfo the deede of releafe of Henry de Berkeley lord of Durefly in the fixth yeare of 
King Edward the firft to Maurice the fecond, the pronepos or great grandchilde of 
this Lord Robertt of all his right and clayme in tota baronia de Berkeley, 51!ntJ the 
Efcuage roll in the fifth of Edward the firft, whereby Maurice Lord Berkeley 
recognized the feruice of three Knights fees for his Caftle and barony of Berkeley, 
3llntl diuers others which in their proper places in the life of James the firfl, and of 
fol : [495] other Lords, I fhall haue caufe to mention. To which tymes I will referr what more 
hereof I intended to haue written ; %i\ii this Henry Lord of Dureflye was heire to 
the faid Roger Berkeleye who in King Stephens tyme contended with this Lord 
Robert about this barony as afore is mentioned, whofe pedegree fee after in the 
Title of the iffue of this Lord Robert. 



fol : [65] 

Cart in Coll ; 

Briftoll. Antiq : 

manufcr: in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 

Newl : pedegree 

in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Domefday booke 

in Sccio. 

Cart: libere 

warrenne regis 

Step : in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 

40 

Carta in Cafl : de 

Berkley. 

Domefday book 

in Sccio, 

fub titulo Rogeri 

de Berkeley. 

Rot. pipae tempof 

H : 2 : in Sccio. 

Red booke in 

Sccio, fo. 109. 

Rot: pip. 9: Joftis 

in Sccio. 

Glouc : manufcr : 

nuper cil Edro 

Stephens modo 

cu decano Glouc : 

Aug : chart fo. 

64. in CaRro de 

Berkeley. 

Cartae 2.H: 5 pars 

I. m : 6, 

Cartae. 11 H : 3 

pars I. m : 

Cartae in caRro 

de Berkeley : 

cart cum Georgio 

Harding de Came. 



51inb it is further . to bee obferved. That the fayd Roger Berkeley lord of 
Durefley, was an antient Saxon baron, and ex fanguine regis Edwdi confefforis, of 
the fame bloud with King Edward the Confeffor, And held in fee farme in capite 
of William the Conquerror, and William Rufus, and Henry the firft his fonnes, and 
of Kinge Stephen, the barrony and Manor of Berkeley as amply as in the fayde 
booke of Domefdaye it is expreffed, with all the herneffe, that is the Nookes and 
Corners thereof lt)l)crcBp he had a long and | fetled poffeffion in all thofe Manors, 
parifhes, and hambletts (with difcents from father and grandfather) which made 
the fayde great Manor of Berkeley, And the fame lately before with the grant of 
free warren, confirmed to him by King Stephen; himfelfe alfo then lord (as alfo was 
Ralph his brother) of many other Manors and faire poffeffions, as Sifton, Doding- 
ton, Stanly, Coberley, Wapley, Newenton, Owfelworth, Slimbridge, and diuers other 
Manners in the fame County : 3llnD dwelling at Durelly within the fayd Manor of 
Berkeley then a village and member thereof, where hee had a Caftle, (the ruines 
whereof not yet altogether perifhed) ftill retayninge the name, flrongly alfo allyed to 
many of y° antient Lords of this land. %l\ii King Stephen (which was not his lead 
advantage) who then wore the Crowne, his faft frend. And hee agayne as faft to the 
kinge in his prefent warres againft the fayd Empres and her fonne. 5llnll howe 
alfo vpon confidence of his fayd eftate, and of his long poffeffion, hee had given the 
Churches of Owfelworth, of Cowley, of Erlingham, of Slimbridge, and of Came, 
and divers lands alfo, parcell of y' faid Manor of Berkeley, to the Abbot of the 
monafteryes of S' Peeters of Glouc ; of Readinge, and of S' Mary of Kingefwood, 
in frankalmaigne (of which later his Anceftor was founder) 5Cntl had alfo made 
diuers feofm'* in fee of part of the fayd Manor of Berkeley, refervinge tenures by 
knight fervice, and rents thereupon, to bee holden of himfelfe and his heires. %0 

of 



1 170 



Uifc of (iobat tljc f itisft 



33 



of Draycots, Planches, and others, ^if then the contentions betweene him and this 
Lord Robert were ftiffe and violent, before that either by the power of the faid 
Emprefs or of Henry Duke of Normandy her fonne, or of the fayd Robert, hee 
would, with the lofs of his honor and Barony, his Almes to the Monafleries, and of 
foe great a Maffe of land, efpetially King Stephen yet raigninge (for whofe fake this 
ftorme was raifed againft him) bee difpeered, or give footing to this Lord Robert 
his adverfary, is not to be marvelled at ; ^citljCt (as Abbott Newland before hath 
faid) That this Lord Robert fliould come vnto y' faid King Harry and pray him to 
refume his guift agayne I^otD bc it king Stephen being taken in battle, and brought 
as prifoner to Briftowe to the fayd Emprefs and her fonne. And Stephen and they 
reconciled, the peace was alfo vndertaken by both the princes, for their two freinds 
and favorites, the faid Robert and Roger, 3lln& they by theire mediation attoned, A 
crofs mariage betwene theire Children concluded, and celebrated, the right and pre- 
tence of Roger | releafed, ceafmg thenceforward to be Baron, SCnD Robert in his 
Manor, honor, and barony of Berkeley in y= prefence and with the affent of Kinge 
Stephen quietly eftablifhed (Durefly only excepted) which being before related in 
the life of Harding, would more properly here haue bene prefented, Saue that I 
was vnwillinge of thofe favery and well relifhed Covenants to make a fraftion. ^[n 
which agreement alfo the grants of Roger made to the faid Abbotts of Glouc : 
Readinge and of Kingefwood, and to y' fayd lay perfons, were preferved, though in 
y'= faid Agrem' they bee not expreffed ; for all of them were enioyed vnder the 
grants of y' fayd Roger, and never after queftioned by the fayd Robert or his 
poflerity, onely the Abbot of Readinge three yeares after the lord Roberts death, 
drewe into fute the Churches of Berkeley and Wotton, both before the pope, and his 
delegates, which in the end, were by the labor of Henry the fecond, ended, and 
eflablifhed to this Monaftery of Si Auguftines, but with payem' of a pention to the 
Abbot of Readinge of twenty nikes per Annu : ^ct the Abbotts of Readinge never 
omitted in many generations to preferve their title (at leaft the memory) to the 
Church of Berkeley and the Chappells thereof with the Tythes and other appur- 
tenances, whereto they claymed to haue right by the guift of Maude the Empres 
their foundres. As appeareth by the fucceffive confirmations of Henry the fecond, 
and of Richard the firft, and of Henry the third, and of divers other Kino-es after- 
wards, made unto them, As the Marginalls doe wittnes, 511n& as for the fayd double 
manages they proved profperous, havinge multiplyed theire branches into many 
familyes, inioying many opulent inheritances at this day, as in due places in theis 
relations is delivered : 511nll from this firft yeare of King Henry the fecond. Anno 
1 1 54. doth the lord George Berkeley take his place and precedency. 



Rot5t de Ricart 
f?dic t : 



Newland pede : in 
Caftro de Berkley. 

Mathew Paris 
fo: 104. 115. 



fol: [8,51] 
41 



Aug: chart: fo: 64 
in Caflro de 
Berkeley. 

Cartae antiquae : 
n^ioet u.literax. 
Cart : 1 1 H : 3 : m : 

22. 

Cart: 8 E: 2. m: 1. 

Cart: i:H:5pars.i. 

m:43. 

Cart. 5. 6. R : 2 

merabrana vltima. 

Cartas. i.H:4pars: 

2 m : 26. 

Patent 4 H 6 ps. 2 

M:is. 

pat 3 E : 4 pars 3. 

m: 25. 



34 



€f)c %i\ie^ of tftc 25nrhclcpi8f 



1115 



Jufttinian : tit : i 

4 annot in lege 

12 tan : 



42 



9Cllt), I hope I may without offence, affirme, That fith the Scite place of this 
Caftle of Berkeley (the lively image and Character of y' Barony) was fometymes as 
before appeares) the Scite place of an holy Nunnery, where God (efpetially in thofe 
purer tymes) was worfhipped, and his holy name devoutly called vpon, And not 
demolifhed by any aft or affent of this family ; And that fith y= ruled cafe in 
Papinian is held for true, \)o\XiC a facred place loofeth not the holynes by the 
demolifhinge of y' Walls '^ifat it flill remayneth as holy ground, And will the more 
happily contynue to that family, whereunder thofe | facred ruines have bene pre- 
ferved for more then 550. yeares 3lllllJ two confecrated chappells erected out of 
part of that earth and rubbifh, as after will appeare, 3lltttl thus haue I limmed out 
this Baronye of Berkeley which exceeded the moft I have obferved ; ffor it was 
not, like buildings of many peeces, patched vp from tyme to tyme according to 
occafions without frame or modle ; as favor of tyme miniflred the materialls. But 
folidly out of merit and vertue, intirely layd and perfited at firft, whereby through 
the bleffinge of y' mofl; high it yet contynueweth with thofe flones tempered with 
the morter of more then one thoufand pownds yearely revenewe, at this daye. 



Aug : chart : 

pdict. 

Aug : charta : 

p'dict. 



<©f tDijat lanD^ tljijGi lorb tDa^ gca^cli 

3lon0C before the tyme of this Compofition made at Briftowe, this Lord Robert 
was owner of much faire land, part by difcent fro his father Harding, and part by 
his owne purchafe ; %0 (amongll other) of the manor of Bylefwicke which hee 
purchafed of the Earle of Glouceftre 



Cart : in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 

Pafch : rec : in 

Sccio 22. E : 3. 

rot : 1 2. 



Rot pipae. i. 2. 3. 

H : 2 et poflea 

in Co : Som'^fett 

43 

Carta in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 



CfjC manor of Lega neer Brifloll being a member of his Manor of Bedminfter 
in Somerfetfhire. 

'CljC manor of Fifhide in Dorfetfhire. 

i^ljC manor of Cerney in Glouceflerfhire. 

CIjC manor of Bray in y"= County of Devon, which hee purchafed of William 
de Braiofa. 

. CI)C manor and Advowfon of Portbury in y" County of Somerfett, which hee 
purchafed of Richard de Morevill, And which alfo Henrye the fecond confirmed 
vnto him. Mictias. 28 et 29 . Eliz . in Sccio. 

•^JjC manor of Bedminfter neere Brifloll, which he purchafed of Robertt Earle 
of Glouc : vnckle to King Henry the fecond. And w'^'' hee alfo confirmed to him | 

Cl)C manor and advowfon of Were in y' County of Somerfet, which hee 
purchafed of Julian de Banton, and which Henry the fecond confirmed vnto him. 



1 170 



Hifc of lHobm tijc fix^t 



35 



Carta in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 



Carta in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 

Red Book in y* 
Exch : 



Red Book 
aforefaid. 



^CIjC three hundreds of Portbury, Bedminfter, and Hareclyve in y' County of 
Somerfet which hee purchafed of y" Earle of Glouc, and w"*" Henry the fecond 
confirmed vnto him. 

'^f|C manor of A^ton in the County of Glouc; which hee purchafed of Richard 
Foliot, And which Humphry de Bohun regis Dapifer, confirmed to him. 
(^!)C manor and Advowfon of Tykenham in y' County of Somerfett. 
i^tjC manor and Advowfon of Powlett in y° fayd County of Somerfett. 

SDitrr^Sf lands in Wiltfliire which he held of Humphry de Bohun by halfe a 
knights fee. 

SDitJCr^ef lands, Tenements, and Rents in Briftowe, and Radeclyve. 
SDitJCt^ lands in y' County of warwicke, which hee held of y' Earle of warwicke 
by the fourth part of a knights fee. 

SCllD nowe alfo of the great manor and honor of Berkeley and Berkeley 
Herneffe, which at that tyme confifled of 22 Mannors and parifhes, many of them 
more then ten miles about, in a fruitfull foyle. 

3CnD what further poffeffions this lord Robert had, efpetially by difcent, I am 
removed too farr out of fight, to behold; onely this I have found in recordes, Deeds, 
and Chartularies. 

I^i;^ founbing of ^t. SHugu^tinc^ 5lB6p. 
3©irtj theis poffeffions, it feems this Lord Robert had a mind of gratitude 
towards God the giver : CfjC hiflory of old Jacob, what the God of his fathers had 
done for him in a flrange land, feemes to have bene part of his meditations : 311ftct ^^""^^ 
the example of king David, he refolved to build to y" honor of him that rewardeth 
every good worke, an houfe of prayer : ©CC choofeth a place vpon the faireft 
mount and fweeteft aire about Briftoll, within his fayd Manor of Bylefwike, by ^.ug : chartut 
S' Auguftins greene, on the other fide the river of frome, not 500 paces from the ^°^ '■ *5- 28. 
houfes where harding his father firft fetled, and himfelfe had bene brought vp, and 
then dwelt in. I 



Domefday book. 



In caftro de 
Berkeley et in 
Monafterio Scti 
Aug : Briftoll. 



Gen : chap : 32 
10. II. 12 

1 Chron cap : 1 7 

2 Sam : cap : 7 
I Kings cap. 5. 



'3'n tIjC yeare of grace. 1 140 the fifth of y° raigne of King Stephen, hee layeth aa 

the foundation of that Church and monaflery, which with all the houfes of office Carta in Caftro 

theirto belonging, hee ftnifhed in fix yeares after ; *^^ Berkeley. 

° ° •' Aug : chartular. 

%l\ti iJpon Eafler day being the then eleaventh of Aprill, Anno . 1 148 . in the vetus manufc : 

thirteenth of the fayd king, the fower Bifhops of Worcefler, Exceter, Landaffe, and RoBt de Ricart cu 

*^ ,, ' , maiore BriftoH. 

F 2 b' Afaph 



z(> 



€|)e %\\it^ of tl)c 25crhdcpi6f 



1115 



cart, in caft: Berk. 

Cart : epifc : in 

caftrode Berkeley. 

Aug: chart: fo: 33 

Cart in Caflf de 

Berkeley. 

Pat: 12. E:i. 

pars 2 m : 16. 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



S' Afaph, (thither by him affembled) confecrated, and dedicated the fayd Church 
and buildings, to God, and to S' Auguftine the Englifhe Apoftle, And indu6led 
the Abbot and Channons ; #n which daye alfo, hee endowed the fayd Church and 
Monaflery (by his deeds which hee humbly prefented and layd downe vpon the 
Aulter) with theis Manors, lands, Advowfons, and Churches : viz' : 

<^^t manor of Almondefbury 

CijC manor of Horfeild 

i^tjC manor of Aflileworth 

CtjC manor of Chromall, fmce called Chromall Abbotts 

SDibcrii lands and tenements in Erlingham, with half of y^ fifhings there, and 
the Tyth of y' other halfe. 

^f)C manor of Lega neere Briftoll, a member of Bedminfter. 

'CijC manor of Fifhide in Dorfetfhire. 

SDitlCtifif lands and tenements at S' Katherines of the ffee of Portbury. 

SDitlCtiS lands and tenements at Blakenford 

'CljC manor of Cerney. 

i^f)C manor of Bilefwike, wherein the faid monaflery was feated. 

/CljC Churches and Advowfons of Tykenham, of Were, of Powlet, and of Port- 
bury in y*" County of Somerfett. 



tres Cartas cum Cl)C Churches and Advowfons of Berkeley, of Wotton, of Cromall, of 

Beuerfton, of Afhelworth, of Almondefbury and of all other his Churches and 
Aug: chart- fo- ?t Advowfons of Berkeley Herneffe, withall their Chappells, and lands in y' County 
of Gloucefter, which hee wills upon his bleffmg to be quietly enioyed. | 

45 5finll with divers burgages, houfes, lands, and rents in Brifloll, and in places 

Carta in Caftro neere thereto adioyninge, as his Deedes of Feoffments doe declare : #110 of which 
de Berkeley . . 

Aug : Chart : fol : devoutly concludeth with this prayer. That God the giver of all good thinges, would 

34- 35- 37- &c. preferve him that increafeth theis good guifts. 



Cart in Caflro ^'^ which alfo out of the Deedes of the Bifhop of worcefler for the invefliture 

de Berkeley of y" Advowfons and Churches within his Dioces, according to the ceremony of 
thofe tymes, might bee much inlarged. 

Aug: chartul: ^TtjC lafl of this devout lords devotions to this Monaflery that I find, and as I 

^°^ ■ 33- thinke in y' lafl A61 of his life, was the guift of ten fhillings rent of inheritance to 

provide a Candle to burne for ever in the Church of that Monaflery, coram deo et 

fan6la 



1 170 



llifc of rtobm tljf f icjtft 



fandla Maria et beato Auguflino Angloruin apoftolo^ et in prefentia omnium fan6lor : 
et elect : dei, before god and S' Mary and bleffed Auguftine the Englifhemens 
Apoftle, and in the prefence of all the Saints and elccfl of god, 

Nobilitas morum plus ornat quam genitorQ, 

A gratious guift of god it is, 

from princes to proceed, 

yet greater far, good Anceftors 

in goodnes to exceed. 



37 



Ctji? Monaftery at the fuppreffion thereof in the xxxj'*' yeare of Henry the Speed, fo : 797. 
viij'^ was, by the Comiffioners therein imployed, certified to value in old rent — y6y^i 
— 15^ — S** per ann, And the monks there were called blacke Channons, and by 
profeffion were of S' Vigors Order, which fpeed calls Vi(5lorines : And in that 
general! deluge of Monafteries, this had farre above mofl others, this good happ, to 
bee recomforted, by being converted into a BiHiops Cathedrall Church and endowed 
with fix prebendaries by the fame Kinge that rayfed the invndation : The Colledge 
gate whereof (faith Camden) workemanly built, carryeth in the Front this infcrip- 
tion. Rex Henricus fecondus. &c. Thus engliflied : Kinge Henry the fecond and Antea : fol : n. 
Lord Robert thee fonne of Hardinge the Kinge of Denmarkes fonne, were the 
firft founders of this Monaftery : learned | Camden adding, That this Robert, called 46 
by the Normans Fit3 Harding, difcended of the bloud royall of Denmarke, was an t;amdcn 239. 
Alderman of Briftow and of King Henry the fecond foe entirely beloved, That 
by his meanes Maurice his fonne maryed the daughter of y° lord Berkeley, whereby 
his pofterity, whoe flouriflied in great honor, are vnto this day called Barons of tlamden fawe 
Berkeley, and fome of them haue bene buryed in this church, Thus Camden : in a mirt and 

farre off. 

Cljtjtf infcription over the gate, which makes King Henry the fecond Joynt 
founder of this Monaftery with this Lord Robert, is viewed of many and being 
divulged in print both in Latin and Englifli hath (to the dimynution of Berkeleys 
honor) poffeffed many, both in this and other Nations, that the truth is foe, which 
not onely diminiflieth the honor of the founders memory, but robbeth alfo, both him 
and his pofteritye of theire iuft intereft in the rightfull place of theire fepultures. 
J©fjcrcajS without queftion, this Lord Robert was the onely founder, at the onely 
charges anb the fole endower of the poffeffions, %vSx Kinge Henry the fecond a 
benefactor and confirmer onely, As were the Earles of Gloucefter and of Hereford, 
the fonnes of the fayd Lord Robertt, and fome other and noe otherwife : 511nb for 

fatisfyinge 



38 



Uitjcjaf of tl)c ^ctMep0 



1115 



fatisfyinge all men therein, and reftoringe due honor to the duft of this Lord 
Robert, I prefent his pofteritye with theis twelue manifefts thereof, convincinge all 
Contradiction, viz'. 

Prior of Ofwald iPttS't, That by the Comon lawe of this Realme, if the Kinge and a Comon 

cafe 44. £13: pf-Qj^ ioyne in a guift at the firfl foundation, The Kinge alone fhall bee taken for 
fol. 24. 25 in fine. . . 

Ouicks cafe Cokes Sunder, which King Henry the fecond never was, other then by this Infcription : 
9. reports, fo: 129. And befides when this Robert in the fifth of Stephen, began the foundation, this 
Henry was not nyne yeares of age. And both his Father and Mother then lyveinge, 
which makes it more improbable. | 



47 



.Stamford i)rerog : 
ca : 7 
Coke : 2 part : 80 
ptita de quo war : 
in Sccio. 15. E : i. 
rot : 29. 



2. ^CCOntllp thee deed of this Lord Roberts endowment, is quod ego ad 
honorem dei et fan6la; religionis, dedi et confirmavi (thofe manors and lands before 
mentioned) per cartam meam, quam et ipfe rex manu fua fuper altare Sci Auguftini 
pofuit. That I, to the honor of god and of holy religion, have given and confirmed 
(the fayd Manors) by my deed which the king himfelfe with his owne hand layd 
downe upon St. Auguftines Altar : And ego Robertu-s haec feci pro falutae animse 
meae et dni mei regis, I the fayd Robert have done all this for the health of mine 
owne foule and of my Lord the Kinges ; which as it was an honor to the Kinge, 
and a Courtly Civility in this lord Robert, foe withall, an A(5l of wifdome : for this 
confent of y" Kinges (in thofe good meaning tymes) amounted to a licence for the 
alienation of thofe Mannors and lands, which were parcell of the fayd lord Robertts 
barony and holden in Capite per baroniam, which otherwife might haue bene 
forfeited to the Kinge. 



Carta in Caftro 3. STtjitlJlp, to the fayd Deeds (whereby the Abbat and Chanons had their 

e er eey ^^^^^ jj^ jj^g f^J.^ endowment and foundation) the faid Kinge Henry the fecond is a 
witnes, which noe man is to his owne grants. 



Stow : chron : fo : 

207. imprinted 

1592. 



4- jffoUCtljlp, Stowe hath thus. This yeare. 1140. Anno Regis Stephani xiiij'° 
Robert fitj Harding fometymes Maior of Brifloll, whofe ffather was Kinge of 
Denmarke, havinge founded the Monaflery of St. Augufline in y" Towne of Brifloll, 
placed Chanons there, which foundacon was after confirmed by King Henry the 
fecond : Thus Stowe. 



Aug : chartut : 5. jfflftljlp, the confirmations afterwards made by this Kinge Henry the fecond, 

^^33 34 36 37' ^""^ ^y ^'"^ Richard the firft, to Richard the firft Abbot of this Monaftery and to 

his 



1 1 70 life of iJloticrt tfjc fvc^i 39 

his next fuccclTor Abbot John, Ami to his next fucceffor Abbot Dauid, of the guifts pt'ta de .juo war 

and grants of the fayd Lord Robertt fliortly after the foundation, declare this lord J^J^. ,^ 

Robertt to bee the fole founder, and thofe twoe Kinges but confirmes of his 
foundation and guifts. 

6. i§>irtl)lp, Nicholaus fecond fonne of this Lord Robert, for the health of his carta in CaAro dc 
owne foule and of the foule of his lord and Father, and of his Mother, and of his '^"'^^y 

wife and children, giveth lands to this Monaftery of St. | Auguflines quam dominus 48 

pater meus ad honorem dci fundauit, which my lord (Father (fayeth hee) to the Aug : chartul : fo : 

honor of god hath founded ; The like grants are from the other fonnes of this lord 

Robert, and from his grandchildren alfo in the next generation, many of which are 

after mentioned. 

7. i&caticntf)lp, The Abbots of this Monaflery in theire Chartularies and 
Colletlions of the difcents and pofterity of this Lord Robertt, have acknowledged 
him for their founder, wherein Abbot Newland hath theis wordes : This S' Robert 
fitj Harding was firfl Lord of Berkeley and primer fundator of our monaftery of St. 
Auguftines, and deceafed a Chanon of the fame, It foe appeareth by his obite in 
our martilloge which is yearly in our Chapiter houfe in this forme reherfed, viz' 
This fifth of February S' Agathes daye. 1 170 deceafed Robert fit5 Hardinge Chanon 
and our fundator ; This wittneffeth alfo his fonne and heire Mawrice fecond lord of 

Berkeley in his fealed Chartar on this wife written : Bee it knowne to all Chriften Newl : pedeg : 5. 
men that I Morice fonn and eire of S' Robertt 63 Harding have granted and ^^ r^ 'i"!*^^^"^"^ 
confirmed for my foule helth and of all myne Ancetrie ; to the Church of S' 
Auguftines by Briftoll, the which my lord and fader hath founded, all fuch thinges 
the which my faid Fader hath geven and granted to the Channons of the fame 
Church of S' Auguftines, That is to witt, within Berkeley Hernefs, Almondefbury, 
Horefeld, Afhelworthe, and Cromehale, the which he gave vnto them when hee 
became and was made a Channon, and every of them with all their apertinences ; 
2EI)U.S the Abbot : And in an other place, tl^u^gf. And for this good lord S' Robert 
fit5 Harding, our primer fundator and the good lady Eve his wife, theis bene the 
fpetiall thinges done for them, befides the generall prayers continually done in 
divine fervice by daye and night, firft dayly, there is a maffe faid for them and al 
other Fundators and benefactors at the houre of Seaven in the morning, And alfo 
they bene prayed for dayly by name openly in our Chapiter houfe, Alfo they have 
theire placebo and dirige folemly fonge with ringinge in the eve of their Ani- 
verfary. And on the morrowe, comendations and Maffe ; The Abbot for the | .q 

fundator 



40 ' €l^c HibCiSf Of t^c 2B>crhdepiBf 1115 

5. February fundator and the prior for the foundreffe executing the fervice, And on the day of 
our fayd fundator is Aniverfary there fhall bee one hundred poore men refrefhed 
in a dole made vnto them in this forme, Every man of them hath a Chanons loafe 
of bread called a myche and three hearings thearewith, there fhalbe doaled alfo 
amongfl them two bufliels of pefys, And an other dole alfo that daye fhall be made 
in money, cakes and loafes of three to a penny vnder this forme ; The Abbot fhall 
haue a Cake price iiij? with two cafts of bread, and iiij^ for wine, Alfo the prior and 
Superior and the Almoner, every of them fliall have two Cakes price of euery cake 
ij? with one caft of bread, and ij^ for wine ; And every Chanon after, both of preifts, 
and alfo of Novices, fhall have a Cake of ij'' with a Caft of bread and ij? for wine ; 
Moreover every fecular fervand of houfhold within the Monaftery fhall haue a 
Cake of j? with a Caft of bread, Alfo every Fryar in every houfe of y' fower Orders 
of Briftowe fhall haue a loafe of bread. And in likewife every prifoner within the 
gaole of Newgate in Briftowe, And all the remnant of bread, not divided, fhall bee 
doaled at the gate of our fayd Monaftery vnto poore people ; And every man 
takeing part of this doale, fhall haue forty dayes of pardon. 

12 Marcij ^fillb in the Aniverfary daye of Dame Eve our Foundreffe, a dole fhalbe made 

in this forme, That daye fhall bee doled to fifty poore men fifty loafes called miches 
and to each three hearings. And amongft them one bufhell of peafe. 

8. <!Bigl^tIp in the two next ages after, Robert Lord Berkeley fonne of Maurice 
Carta in Caftro fonne of this Lord Robert, confirmed, Jeo et ecclefiae fan6li Auguftini, onmes 
de Berkeley, donationes quas avus fuus Robertus filius Hardingi ad honorem dei edificavit, To 
god and S' Auguftine all the grants which his grandfather Robertt the fonne of 
Hardinge to the Honor of god had given to that Church when hee founded the 
fame, And foe alfo faith the Deed of the Lord Thomas brother and heire of this 
Robert. 

511nl) fower other the like Deeds from others, as after in theis relations doth 
appeare. | 

50 9- ^intfjlp, this Lord Robert by his other Deed, with the Confent of King 

Carta in Caftro Henry the fecond, gave the Churches of Berkelai-herneffe viz' the Churches of 

de Berkeley, ggj-kelai, of Wotton, of Beverftone, of Afhelworth and of Almondefbury with theire 

Chappels, lands, and liberties to the Church of S' Auguftine of Briftoll, and to the 

Channons regular, in perpetuall Almes, for the health of his owne foule, and of the 

faid 



II70 



Sifc of Hobctt tUt f irrft 



4' 



faid kings, and of his ovvne Anteceffors, and of his wife and Children, as the words 
thereof are. 

lo. ^mtf)Ip, vpon a writ of quo warranto brought by King Edward the firft 
in the fifteenth yeare of his raigne againfl; the then Abbot and Covent of S" Ptita de quo warr : 
Auguftines, they plead againft the Kinge, both the originall guifts and endowments ;„ jec • Scoij : 
of the faid Lord Robertt at the tyme of their Monafleries foundation, and alfo the 
feverall confirmations of King Henry the fecond, which is allowed. 



Rotil de Glouc 
Manufc : tpe : 
H : 6. 



11. <EIcaunt£t)Ip, Robert de Glouc : in his old rithmicall Chronicle, hath thus 

A burgeis of Briftow tho Robert Harding 

for great treafure and ritches foe well was with the kinge, 

That he yaff him and his heires the noble barony 

That foe ritch is, of Berkeley, with all the feigniorie ; 

And thulke Robert Harding arered fuch I wys 

An Abby of Briftow, that of S' Auflin that is.^ 

12. CtDCl\)tl)Ip, Robert de Ricart fometyme Towneclarke of Briftowe in his Regiftr : Rofcti de 
manufcript regifter of the old monuments of that Citye Carefully preferved by his 

fucceffors in that Office, hath theis words, ^IjJoUlC to fpeake of y" foundation of y' 
Abby of S' Auftens of Briftowe, begining firft at Harding fonne unto the kinge of 
Denmarke, who dwelled in Briftowe in Baldwineftreet, And he had to his fonne, 
the lord Robert Harding Lord of Berkeley and founder of the fayd Abbey of S' 
Auftens, addinge hereunto certaine covenants made betweene the faid Lord Robert 
Harding, and Roger of Berkeley lord of Durefty, followinge here the conveyance of 
the fame: firft King Henry Beauclarke fonne of William Conqueror had a Daughter 
called Mawd, that was his heire, | which was wedded to the Emperor of Almaine, 
And after the deceafe of the fayd Emperor, King Harry fent for his daughter 
home into England, And becaufe hee had noe other heire, hee willed and defired 
all the Barons of England to doe fealty vnto the fayd Mawd, and to Admitt her for 
his heire, Amonge whome, the firft that ever fwore, was Stephen Earle of Boloigne 
the Kings Nephewe, Soe it befell, that after that, Geffry Plantagenet Earle of 
Angeon marryed the fayd Mawd, and begat on her a fonne called Harry which 
afterward was called King Harry the fecond, And anon after the deceafe of King 
Harry the firft, the fayde Earle Stephen brake his oth, and tooke on him the 
Crowne of England vniuftly againft his fayth and feauty that hee had made to the 
fayd Mawd, unto whom of right the Realme ought to bee preferved, whofe fonne 
Harry grewe dayly vnto mans eftate and came into England to purfue his Moders 
G inheritance 

^ Heame's Edition, p. 479, but this quoted from a MS. is a better text. 



51 



42 



Cl)e %iMe^ of tljc 25crftriep$f 



1115 



52 



inheritance and his owne right, vnto whome Robert the fonne of Harding affifted by 
his power, departed largely with his gold & filver to the fufteyninge of his Armies : 
And when Harry the fecond was King, Hee forgott not the great kindnes of the 
fayd Robert, but for the fame hee gave him the Barony of Berkeley-herneffe, which 
that Roger of Berkeley lord of Durefly held in fee farme of the kinge. And the 
fame the kinge tooke fro him becaufe he payd not his farme, And alfo becaufe he 
tooke part with King Stephen againfl the Kinge : Nevertheleffe the fayd King 
Harry at the inflance & prayer of Divers of his Lords, hee graunted vnto the fayd 
Roger the barrony of Durefley as his inheritance : Howbeit the fayd Roger vexed 
and trobled in many and fundry wifes the fayd Lord Robertt, for the which the faid 
Robert befought the kings good grace to take fro him ayen the fayd Barony of 
Berkeley herneffe which hee had geve him, feeing he could not keepe it in eafe for 
troblinge of the faide Roger : But then the fayde Kinge Harry made a peace 
betweene Roger and Robert, Soe that Roger gaue his daughter Alice to wife vnto 
Maurice fonne of Robert, and gave with her the Towne of Slimbrugge, and made 
doble mariages betweene both theire Children, and finall peace betweene them ; 
which mariages. Covenants, and peace betweene the fayd Robert fonne of Harding 
and Roger of Berkeley Lord of Durefley were made in the houfe of the Lord 
Robert fonne of Harding at Briflowe in prefence of King Stephen | and of the lord 
Harry Duke of Normandy, and of Guyan, and Earle of Angeon, in prefence of 
many other lords and knights fpirituall and temporall.-' Thus Ricart. 



Regiftr : Robti 
de Ricart pdict. 



Anno 



5llnD in an other place of his regifter, the fayd Robert de Ricart hath thus : 
25e it remembred that Robert the fonne of Harding knight the firft lord of 
Berkeley and founder of the Abby of S' Auftines by Briflowe being both Chanon 
and founder of the fame, founded and newe built the fame Monaftery with all the 
houfes of Office of y' fame in the yeare of our lord God. 1140. in the feaventh 
yeare of the raigne of King Stephen And after that in the yeare of our lord god. 
1 146. the Bifhops of worcefter, Exceter, Landaffe and S! Affe, hallowed the faid 
Church of S! Auftens, And after that Alrued Bifhop of worcefler fend fix Cannons 
Anno. 13. Regis from Wigmore and brought to S' Auflens by the fayd Founder on Eafter daye in 
Steph : (.j^g yeare of our lord. 1148. which Robertt fonne of Harding had by his wife Eve 
divers fonnes and daughters, and hee lived and contynnued Chanon of S' Auftens. 



12 Steph : 
Regis : 



%VS) Eve his wife founded the Mawdlines of Briftowe, and liued and contynued 
there prioreffe ; And the fayd Robert deceafed the yeare of our lord god. 1 1 70. And 

lyeth 

1 See alfo "Ricart's Kalendar," printed by the Camden Society 1872, p. 20 



1 170 



Hifc of dobm rtje 5FirjB(t 



43 



lyeth buried with Eve his wife in the entringe of the Quere of S| Auftens betweene 
the twoe ftalls of y' Abbott & the Prior of y' fayd Monaftery there.^ Thus Ricart. 

311nD to make the dozen compleat, by a meafure running over and preffed pat : 1 1 K : 2 

downe, and for twoe convincinge proofes, that this lord Robert folely founded this pat: 12 E: 4. pars 

monaftery and endowed it with the forefaide poffeffions, Take for one, the twoe zm: 16. 

•^ f ' , . , Carta. 11. E; 2 

patent rolls, the one in the eleaventh of Edward the fecond, and the other in the m: 5. n": 17. 

xij'*' of Edward the fourth, In which are recorded alfo the Confirmations of King P^'- "S- E: 3 pars. 

■' ° I. m : 13 in arce 

Stephen and of King Henry the fecond, and alfo of his eldeft fonne King Henry Londo. 

(crowned in the life of his father) ; and And alfo one other Deed of this Lords (not 

before mentioned) wherein hee declares, howe that hee for the honor of god and of 

holy religion, had given to the Chanons of S' Auguftines of Briftoll, whofe Church by 

the grace of god, and helpe of his lord the Kinge, hee had founded, All the forefayd 

lands which (fayth this Deed) hee hath done for the helth of his owne Soule, and 

of his lord the Kings, and of his owne wife, and of his parents | as well lyveing as 53 

dead, And after a coniuration to his heires for performace of theis grants, concluds 

with a prayer. That god who is the rewarder of all good men, would preferve them 

foreuer, who doe add to theis his guifts, 5Cnb to this deed makes his fowre fonnes, 

Henry Archdeacon of Exceter, Maurice, Nicholas, and Robert, witneffes ; where I 

note by the way. That, Henry being a Clergy man preceedes his elder brother; Sfiitb Caru : 13. E : i. 

theis records contayne alfo a confirmation of theis Manors & lands made by King ™" 

John to the effects aforefaid ; 311ntl alfo a grant made to the then Abbot in the 

thirteenth of Edward the firft to have free weirren in all his demefne lands in 

Almondefbury, Horefeild, and Cromehall aforefayd. And to have a market each 

wednefday, and a faire each whitfonnday, and for fix dayes after, in his faid Manor 

of Almondefbury. 



5tnl> for the other convincinge proofe, the Abbot himfelfe with the confent of Claus : 13. E : 3. 

his Covent, in a monftrance de droit, exhibited to King Edward the third in the ' 

° _ pat : 15. E: 3. 

fifteenth yere of his raigne, tells the Kinge (as before in the thirteenth yeare hee pars. i. ra : 15. 

had done) That hee doth not hold his Abby of him by Barrony nor by any other 

manner of waye, neither was his Monaftery of his foundation, or of the foundation 

of any of his progenitors Kings of England, And thereby had wrong done vnto him 

to bee fomoned to his parliam' or to other his great Counfells, which of late yeares 

hee had bene to his manifeft greevance and difquiet. And therefore prayeth that in 

right and Juftice hee may bee henceforth forever difchardged ; which (faith the 

King 
^ See alfo " Ricart's Kalendar," printed by the Camden Society 1872. p. 22 



44 



€f)c Hibc^ of rtje 25crhcicp^ 



1115 



King) hauinge bene by fearch into the rolls and Recordes of our Chancery found 
to be true ; Therefore wee doe difcharge the faid Abbot and tiis Succeffors from all 
fomons of coming to our Parliam*^ or other Counfells, which records the wit of man 
cannot anfweare. 



Claus : 39. E : 3 

mis- 
Pat : 40 : E : 3 
par : 1. m : 36 
claus : 45. E : 3 
pars I. m : 11 
pat : 45 E : 3 
pars : I. m : 26, 
et pars 2 in dorfo. 
pat : 6 : H : 6. 
ps. 2. m. 9. 15. 

54 

Claus. 9. R : 2. 

ra. 23. 

pat : 17. R : 2. 

pars. 2. m. vlt. 

pat : 22. R : 2. ps. 

3. in dorfo m : 9. 

pat ; 2 1 . E : 4. 

ps. 2. m : 9. 



Colle6l. Gloveri 
cu Jotie Philepot 
herald nepote fuo : 

vetus rentale 

de Portbury in 

Caflro de Berkeley 

Regia : Ro^ti 

de Ricart cu 

maiore BrifloU. 

Newl : Pedegree 

et at in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 



i^Otocbtit, the marginalls here quoted, doe warrant mee to thinke, That fome of 
thofe Abbotts (at leafl theire folliciters) had for a tyme forgot the name and family 
of Berkeley to bee theire founder, which might occafion the forefaid infcription 
over their Monafterye gate at the reedifyinge thereof about the fame tymes, (one 
erroneous prefident drawing on an other) ; The obfervation whereof, is likely to 
have bene a prime motive to Abbot Newlands forementioned Pedegree, thereby as 
in the entrance theirto, hee fayth, to informe aright his bretheren Chanons prefent 
and for ever after to Come, of theire right founders, for whome (as hee faith) they 
are ever bounden | fpecially to pray : 3tnll the rather perhaps, becaufe at his owne 
admiffion to the place of Abbot feaven yeares before, the Monafterye was acknow- 
ledged to bee of the foundation of King Edward the fourth his progenitors : ^dtlitl 
t|)U0 is difpelled from over S5 Auguftines gate the fogge of that mifty infcription, 
which had long clouded the memoriall of this noble lords defervings, by fuch and 
foe many vnrefiftable, irrefragable, luculent, and vncontroulable proofes, as are 
capable of noe other reply but this. That they that ingraved that infcription, never 
heard foe much before. 

'C|10 wife of this Lord Robert, was Eva daughter of one S' Eftmond and of 
the lady Godiva his wife, whome the colledlions of Glover fometymes Somerfett 
Herald (if wee may beleeue him) maketh to bee fifter of William the Conqueror by 
Robert theire father Duke of Normandy ; And in fome other Colle6lions of 
Heralds, this Eva is fayd to bee neece to William the Conqueror, which confirmeth 
the former : By this Eva hee had iffue five fonnes and twoe daughters, as followeth : 
%fSet her hufbands death fhee founded that religious place to this daye called the 
Magdalens of Briftoll, And haveinge endowed it with competent poffeffions, 
fhee herfelfe became prioreffe thereof, where (hee dyed prioreffe the xij'*' of March 
Anno. 1 1 73. or neer thereabouts. And is buryed in the Monaftery Church of S' 
Augufline by her hufband, beetwene the flails of the Abbot and Prior, as followeth : 



And greev'd I am that tyme hath left mee more to tell. 
Of thofe great workes, this pious lady did foe well | 



m^ 



II70 



llifc of Robert tijc f itisit 



45 



l|)i^ S^si0m 55 

1. ffbr Maurice the eldeft fonne of this Lord Robert, his life, as Lord 
fucceedeth. 

2. jlittjoUlje^ the fecond fonne of this Lord Robert is often written Nicholaus, 
fihus Roberti, filij Hardingi. And fometymes Nicholaus, frater Mauritij, But mod 
vfually Nycholaus lOnus de Tykenham. 



jfrom his father, for his portion, he had at one tyme the villages of Hull and 
Nimdesfeld members of his faid Barony by a Deed in theis words: Robt^: fit Hard, 
oiiiibus amicis et hominibus fuis, Sattem : Sciatis me dediffe et conceffiffe Nichot 
fit meo, Hulls et Nimdesfeld cu oibus pertinen fuis quas t)nus rex mihi dedit pro 
fervitio meo in feodo et hereditate, fibi et haeredibus fuis, faciend illi in ferviciu 
dimid militis, libas et quietas ab omni alio fervic, Tefle Rico Abt3e fci August : &c. 
tDt)TtI) deed Nicholaus fonne of Ralph great grandchilde of y° fayd Nicholaus fonne 
of this Lord Robert, in the fifteenth of King Edward the firfi; vpon a quo warranto 
brought againft him, pleads at large, %0 alfo hee there doth the confirmacon of 
King Henry the fecond of y" faid grant, made at the fame tyme ; 3!ln& howe that 
thereby hee had the corre6lion of the breaches of Affize of bread and Ale, which 
hee punifhed per denarios by the purfs, becaufe hee had noe tumbrill or pillory. 
Soke, Sake, Thol, Them, nor Infangetheefe ; 3inll at other tymes, for his further 
portion, this Nicholas had from his father, the Mannors of Cokerford and Langflane, 
and divers lands in Tykenham in Somerfetfhire, from whence hee tooke his ufuall 
appellation of Lord of Tykenham, becaufe his mofl refidence, after his mariage, 
was there ; And diuers lands and Tenements in Briftoll, CheOuill, Porthafhed, 
Rualach and other places in that County, with fome others in that and other Countyes. 

'Ct)i^ Nicholaus was a liberall benefa6lor to his Fathers Monaflerye of 
S' Auguftines, whereto hee gaue thee Churches of Chefliull, Porthafhed, Langflane, 
and Rualach, and diuers houfes, lands, and rents in thofe places in Briftoll, part 
whereof hee gave thee day of y° dedicacon of that Monaftery by laying downe his 
deed vpon the Altar before thee faid Bifhop of worcefter, and all the people then 
prefent, And other partf at other feverall tymes after, as hath before bene touched. | 

Clje red booke in the Exchequer fheweth. That this Nicholaus payd feuerall 
Efcuages to King Henry the fecond in the vij'^ viij'^ and xxxij^ yeares of his raigne 
toward his warrs in Tholous, Ireland, and Galway, And alfo Ayde in the thirteenth 

of 
^ The Inquil'ition pofl. mortem of this Thomas does not now feem to be extant in the Record 
Office. [Ed.] 



Carta cum Edro 
C^oke mil it 
capitaU Juflic : 
Anglire. 

EfchKt. 28. H : 3 
pofl mort. Tho : 
dni Berkeley 
vide fol : 1 

ptita de quo warr. 
in rec : Sc('-ij. 15. 
E : I. rot : 7. 
Pafch : rec. in 
Sct-io I E : 3. rot : 
7. et 8. 



liber feodorQ 
milit : in Sccio : 



Aug : chartul : 
fol : 36. 37. 38. 



diverfx cartx in 
Caflro de 
Berkeley 
fol : [44. 45] 

56 

Red Booke in the 
Excheq, : 



46 



€|)e Itibcief of tjjc 25cthdep^ 



1115 



of that Kinge to marry Mawde his eldeft daughter to the Duke of Saxony, for the 
Seebeforefol:[ss] lands hee held in the County of Somerfet. 



Rot : pipje in 
Sccio 33 : H : 2 



Rot. pipae : 4. 5 : 

6 7. et 9 : R: I. 

in Canibr : et 

Hunt : 
Eadem : i. et. 2 

Johis : 



Rot: pip: i. R. i. 
in Cantbr : 



-CfjE pipe roll in Anno. 33. H : 2 under the title of Scutagiu baronu of the 
Efcuage payd by the Barons, fhewes this Nicholaus payd ten fhillings towards the 
Kings Army into wales. 

51lntl the pipe rolls in the ffourth, fifth, Sixth, and Seaventh yeares of Richard 
the firft, fhewe howe : i8oti and fifteene markes, were drawne by the Kinge from 
this Nicholas, that hee might quietly hold his wives lands in the County of Cambridge 
which were of Wido fit Tieci vntill the Kings returne from Jerufalem, againfl 
Reginald de Argenton who claymed the fame againft him. 

Slntl in the firfi: of that Kinge, hee gave the King : ten markes, pro feflinando 
iudicio fuo de terra de Stanbridg &c. to haue expedition in his fuit againft Alice J;he 
wife of Robertt Giffa'rd for land in Stanbridg &c. 



Aug : chartul : fo. 'Cljiifif N icholaus had to wife Ala daughter and coheire of Guido ats wido fonne 

3 ■ 37- 3 • qJ- 'PgQJus lord of Tykenham,^ by which mariage his eflate in Tykenham and in 

diuers faire lands in y' Countyes of Somerfett, Cambridge &c. was greatly advanced. 



Aug: chart: fo.:39. 



cart : cu decan : 

BriftoU. cart, in 

Cafl. de Berkeley. 

Newl : pedegree 

ibm. 

Rot: pip. 6.7. R: I. 

in Sccio, et in 

Arce london. 

Rot : pipe, 6. 7. 8. 

R : I. in Sccio et 

Arce london. 

57 

Eode. 9. R : I 
Eode. I. 2. 4. 
Jofiis. 

Rot : pip. 8. 9. R: 
I in Sccio, Glouc : 



Cl)!^ Ala in many of her Deedes of widowhood reverenceth her hufbands 
memory with theis words, dominus vir meus Nicholaus, and dominus meus 
Nicholaus my lord and hufband ; my lord Nicholas, and the like. 

25p her this Nicholas had iffue Henry, who after mans eflate, dyed without 
iffue. And Roger, Jordan, and Ala marryed to Ralph Bloet with whom her fayd 
Father gave in mariage the forefaide Manor of Langflan, And hee dyed the fifth 
of May in the fixth yeare of Richard the firft, Anno. 11 89. 

i^JjC faid Roger fonne and heire of this Nicholaus, by the name of Rogerus 
filius Nicholaij, filij Robti, filij Hardingi, payd five hundred markes pro habendis 
terris patris fui, to enter upon the lands that were his Fathers | And this was for 
the releefe after his fathers death. And in the viij'"' yeare of King Richard the firft, 
pay'd threefcore markes for the Kings licence to marry Hawifia mother of Raph de 
Somery then a widowe and endowed of lands holden of that Kinge in Capite. 

€f)e 

1 Two Manors of Tickenham are mentioned in the Somerfet Domefday. One was held by William 
de Ou, in demefne and the other by Amulph de Hefding. The firft. was afterwards held of the honour 
of Striguil, and the other was parcel of the honour of Gloucefler. One was purchafed by Robert 
Fitzharding, (fee ante. p. 35) and the other acquired by marriage with the co-heir of Guido fon of Tecius. 
[Ed.] 



I I/O 



Sifc of Hobcrt t^c fivgt 



47 



Rot : pip : IS : H: 
3 in Sccio : 



CIk faid Roger dyed in the fifteenth of King Henry the third Anno 1230 
leavinge iffue Nicholas, which Nicholas the fonne of Roger (as the pipe roll of that 
yeare faith) reddit compm de 100' pro retio fuo de terra que fuit Rogeri filij Nicholaij 
patris fui, payd fiue pounds for his rdeefe for the lands that were Rogers fonne of 
Nicholas his father ; whereby appeares the operation of the Statute of magna 
charta enabled fix yeares before. 

25cttoccn this Nicholaus and Maurice Lord Berkeley the fecond of that name 
arofe fuits in lawe for fervices which that Lord required of him out of his forefayd 
Manors of Hull and Nymesfeild to his lawe dayes at Berkeley whicli were ended fol : [152] 
by compofition, as amongft the lawe fuits of that lord appeareth. 



'CI)t^ Nicholas had to wife Sibill heire to the Manor of Elmore and dyed in 
the fix and fortieth yeare of Henry the third, Anno. 1261. leaving iffue Raph, which 
Raph by the name of Raph fonne of Nicholas fonne and heire of Roger, did his 
homage in the 46''' of Henry the third, And dyed in Anno. 19 : E : i. leaving iffue 
Nicholas. 

Ct|C lefaitl ipicljolaiSf fonne of Raph by Matilda la Ram his wife had iffue John, 
and died in the fixth of Edward the fecond, Anno. 1312 ^[n iihc manner betweene 
this Nicholas fonne of Raph, And after betweene this John fonne of Nicholas, 
arofe other futes about the fame fervices of the faid Manors of Hull and Nymes- 
feild with the lord Thomas fonne of the faid Maurice, and with other lords after 
him. As in the life of the faid Lord Maurice vnder the faide title of lawe fuites, is 
declared. 

d^ faid John lyved for the mofl part a Martiall life. And for his prowes was 
very deere unto John Duke of Brittaine and Richmond whoe rewarded him with 
one hundred and twenty markes p Annu for his life ; 311n& by Jone his firfl wife had 
iffue Reginald, And dyed in the nyne and fortieth yeare of Edward the third. 
Anno. 1375. whofe fecond wife was Eva. | 

CljC faid Reginald dyed in the life tyme of John his father, And leaft iffue S' 
Thomas fit5 Nicholl Knight, which Thomas by the name of Thomas fonne of 
Reginald fit3 Nichol, fonne and heire of John fitj Nicholl, did his homage to King 
Edward the third in the nyne and fortieth yeare of his raigne. And payd releefe in 
the firfl year of King Richard the fecond for the faid Manors of Hull and 
Nymdesfeild. 



Aug: chart: fol. i. 
fin: II: H: 3. m: 7. 
Rot: fin: 46. H: 3. 
Claus. 8E: i.m:8. 
Trin: fin: 20. E: i. 
in Sccio cii 
rein thes : 
Trin:rec: 20. E: i: 
il5m. 

Efchffit. 33. E: I. 
n? 206. et 6. E : 
2- n° S3. 
Mich : fin : in 
Sccio 8 : E : 2 
cum rein thelaure: 



Claus. 5. R : 2. 
m : 14. Pat : S- R : 
2 m : 27. ps. 2. 
liberat 32. E : 3. 
m : 6. 

Ad quod dainn. 
29. E : 3. n? 47. 
Efchaet : 49. E : 3. 
n? so pars. [2.] 



58 



Rot : fin : 49. E ; 
3. m : 21. 
Pafch. fines, i : 
R : 2 in arce 
londini. 



48 



€l)C %i\ie0 of tljc 25crhe!cp3ef 



i"5 



Efchaet : 6 : H : s 

nf 44. pod mort. 

Tho:Fit3Nicholl. 



Claus : 


: 9 : R : 2. 




m : 21 


Claus 


: 10: R: 2. 




dorfo. 


Claus. 


16 : R : 2. 




dorfo. 


Claus : 


; i8:R: 2. 




dorfo 


Claus. 


I. H : 4. 




dorfo 


Claus. 


2. H. 4. 




ps. I. dorfo 


Claus. 


9 : H : 4. 




dorfo 


Claus. 


I. H : 5. 




dorfo 


Claus 


: 4. H : 4. 




dorfo : 



59 

pat: 5. H: 4 dorfo. 
pat: 12. H:4m:26. 
Efchaet : 6 . H : 5 
n? 44. pofl mort. 
Tho: FitsNichoU. 



5I!nl) becaufe my wife and children and many others in the neighborhood of 
Berkeley Caftle, clayme their difcents from this S' Thomas fit3 Nicholl, who was 
the Nynth from Hardinge the Dane as before appeares, And with whom ended the 
iffue male of this fecond fonne of this Lord Robert, I will fomewhat inlarge vpon 
this S' Thomas, thus. Jpcc maryed for his firft wife Margarett one of y* daughters 
and coheires of [ blank ] whereby in her right he had the moietyes of y' 

Manors of Filton in the hundred of Berkeley, and of Harry-Stoke neere Briftoll in 
y' County of Glouc ; by whome hee had iffue Katherine and Alienor, as after 
followeth, Sinll after her death hee maryed Agnes who alfo dyed before him, but by 
her had noe iffue. 

3In the Nynth, tenth. Sixteenth, and eighteenth yeares of Richard the fecond, 
this S' Thomas was one of y"" knights for y' County of Glouc : for the feuerall 
parliam" holden thofe yeares. 

CijC like hee was in the firft, fecond, and Nynth yeares of Henry the fourth, In 
which fecond yeare, John Browninge (of whome after) was his fellowe knight for 
that parliament. 

3llnb the like hee was in the firft yeare of Henry the fifth ; Soe eight tymes 
Knight of y' Shire at foe many Parliaments. 

3[n the fourth of Henry the fourth, he was high Sherife of the County of 
Glouc : 

5[n the fifth of Henry the fourth, hee and the faid John Browning by a 
fpetiall Comiffion named and arrayed for the warrs, all able men in that County of 
Glouc : 

«3[n the xij'*" of Henry the Fourth, hee intayled his Manor of Hull | ats Hill 
(where hee moft comonly lyved, feldome at Nymesfeild) to himfelfe and Agnes 
his wife and to the heires males of his body, The remainder to Robertt Poynt3 
and Katherine his wife daughter of him the faid S' Thomas for theire lyves, The 
remaynder to Nicholas Poyn3 fonne of the fayd Robert and Katherine and to the 
heires males of his body, The remainder to Thomas Poyn3 his brother and to the 
heires males of his body. The remainder to Maurice Poyn3 his other brother and to 
the heires males of his body, The remainder to Blanch, Ifabell, and Joane, fifters of 
y* faid ^l^urice and to the feverall heires males of theire bodies, The remainder to 
the right heires of him the faid S' Thomas Fit3 Nicholl for ever. 



1 1 70 Hifc of Robert tijc f ir^eft 49 

C^ijBf S' Thomas Fit5 Nicholl fix yeares after this entayle in the fifth of King Efchaet. 6. H :s. 
Henry the fifth, Anno 141 8. dyed without iffue male of his bodye, leavinge the faide 
Katherine wife of Robertt Poynj and Elianor wife of the fayde John Browninge 
his twoe daughters and heires ; betweene whome hee left his other Manor of 
Nymesfeild with the Chantry of Kinly within the fame, to difcend in Coparcinary 
as followeth, which then valued eight markes per Ann : 

jfCOin which Nicholas Poyn5, the firft remainder man, the fayd entayle came to 
S' John Poyn3, Father of S' Robert Poynj, father of S' Anthony Poyn5, father of 
S' Nicholas Poyn5 who maryed Jone daughter of Thomas Lord Berkeley the fifth fol : [683] 
of that name, whoe had iffue betweene them, S' Nicholas Poyn5, and divers others, 
as amongft the iffues of that Lord appeareth, which lafl S' Nicholas, was father of 
S" John Poyn5, whoe about twenty yeares agone, alyened this Manor of Hull ats 
Hill, which is now the inheritance of Edward Fuft, And is himfelf yet living, 
Anno. 1628. 

3tliCltOr, the yonger daughter of y*" fayd S' Thomas Fit3 Nicholl, was marryed Efchaet : 6 : H : 5 
to John Browninge aforefayd, who both dyed in the life of the fayd S' Thomas, Fin'*6:H:5:m:4. 
leavinge iffue John then twenty yeares old, and William ; which John fhortly after ^o' ■ P"^""- '5- 
dyed without iffue, leavinge the fayd William his brother and heire, whoe afterwards 
by his Deed in the Tenth yeare of King Henry the fixth alyened his moietye | 
of the fayd Manor of Nymesfeild to Thomas Poyn3 and Joane his wife in taile, 60 
with a remainder to the fayd Robert Poyn3 his father in ffee, To which Thomas Pat : 10 : H. 6. 
and Jone the fayd Robert and Katherine had in like fort the fame yeare conveyed 
theire other moyetie of the fayd Mannor of Nymesfeild, whereby it became agayne 
vnited in one. 

Cljiitf William Browninge, hauinge by fale of his patrimony as aforefayd, and 
otherwife, much fhortned his eflate, became farmer and Tenant to the Abbot of 
S- Peters of Glouc : for his reftory of Cowley, a parifh next adioyninge to Nymes- 
feild, where hee dyed, leavinge iffue John, whoe as his pardon in the fixteenth yeare pardon. 16 : E : 4. 
of King Edward the fourth fheweth, contynued the fame poffeffion, by the name of |^n'(jo^" ^*^^' 
Farmer of y' re6lory of Cowley, manens apud Churchend in eadem villa, dwelling 
at Church end in the fame Towne, the place of habitation of his poflerity to this 
daye, Anno. 1628. IBJ^tcf) ^Ol^n had iffue SJo^" ^"^ IBilliam, John was a Clarke 
and dyed without iffue, And William his brother had iffue John, who by Margarett 
his wife daughter of William Hardinge of Came, had iffue, Richard, who by 

H Elizabeth 



50 



€I)c HibejBf of tl^e flbctMtp^ 



1115 



diuers : cartae cu 

Jolie Browning 

de Cowley : 

liber : M : S : cum 

Decano : Glouc : 

fol : 284. 

diuerfae rot: Curias 

Manerij de 

Cowley in Caflro 

de Berkeley 



61 



Aug : chart : fo : 

3. 40. 41- 42- 

diuers : cartae in 

Caflro deBerkeley. 

Rot:pip:tenip.H.2. 

et R : I. 

Liber feod mit in 

Sccio. Rot : pip : 

6. R : I. in arce 

londini : et at : 



Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Edward Parfons of Stanley had iffue John and 
Richard and five daughters, from each of whome is iffue, 'CljC faid John fonne of 
Richard by Chriftian his wife, daughter of Nicholas Webbe of Kingefwoode, hath 
iffue, 3fo5w> 3l9atp> and Vt0u\a all of them now livinge. 1628. And haue iffue; 
which Mary hath iffue five fonnes and fower daughters by author of theis col- 
le6lions, who acknowledgeth that the favors of this noble Family haue forty yeares 
and more fhined vpon him, through all the darke and fhadowy chances of his life, 
whileaft hee hath beene binding togeather theis his gleanings. DuttllS which difcents 
in this name of 25rotonnigC they have by feverall leafes held the faide Re6lorye of 
Cowley from the faid Abbotts of Glouc : till the diffolution of that Monaflery, And 
after from the Crowne, till the lafl; John Browninge in the xiiij'^ yeare of King 
James, purchafed the Inheritance thereof, tDl)ic{) Indentures doe plainly lay downe 
the difcent as aforefaid (as alfo doe the fucceffive Copies | of Cancourt held alfo 
by them of y^ lord Berkeleyes lords of that Manor) All which are in the poffeffion of 
the laft mentioned John Browninge, Anno 1628. 

SCntl for further illuftration of the difcents of this Nicholas fecond fonne of this 
lord Robert, and of the variable fortunes which in the motions of neere. 500 yeares 
have befallen his pofterity, theis records here under vouched, will fatisfye therein, 
none of which are formerly quoted in the margents, vi3:': 

Rot : finiu. 20 : E : 3. m : 2 : / pat : 29 : E : 3. pars 3. m : 3 : / claus. 49 : E : 3 . 
m : 2 : / pat : 5. R. 2. pars 2. in dorfo : / claus. 6 R : 2 pars i. dorfo : / Rot. Scotiae. 
9 R : 2. / Fin. 6. H : 5. m. i. et 4 : / claus : 6. H : 5. m : 5: / pat : 10 : H : 6. pars 
a. m : 15 : / Rot. pardon. 15. H : 6 m : 25. et 27 / fiii 26. H : 6. m : 2 : / claus : 35. 
H : 6. pars : i. m : i. et pars. 2 m. 1 1 : / fin : 37 H : 6. m. i : / fin : 39. H : 6. m. i. et 
4 : / fin : 49 : H : 6. m : 4 : / claus. 7. E : 4. m. i : / pardon. 16. E : 4. m. 3. / claus : 
5. R : 2. pars. 2. m. 27. /claus : 21 R : 2. m. 10. in dorfo. / claus. 8. E : i. m : 8. / Brevia 
regis. 13. E : 3. pars : 2. / Efchaet 2,3- E : i. n? 206 : et 2 E : 2. n? 56 et. 112. et 14. 
E : 2. n?97: et. 15. E: 2. n?6o: et 17 E : 3. n? 8. et. 7. R : 2. n. / 

3. Hobttt the third fonne of this Lord Robert, is often written, Robertus filius 
Roberti, filij Hardingi, And fometymes Robertus iuvenis (not iunior) but mofl 
comonly Robertus de Were, and Robert Lord of Were. 

5prorn his father, for his portion, hee had at feuerall tymes by feverall convey- 
ances, the Caftle and Manor of Beverflon, the Manor of Wefton ats Kingefwefton, 
the Manors of Aylberton, Over, Radewike, and Northwike, and other lands in the 
County of Glouc : %V^ 



Hifr of Hobcrt tijc f tr^t 



51 



3li»b the Towne and Manor of Were neere Axbridge in the County of Cartai in Caftro 

dc Bcrkclcv. 
Somerfett, from whence hee took his vfuall appellation, of Socll of Were, the grant 

whereof was confirmed vnto him by King Henry the fccond, and after by John 

Earle Moreton, before hee was King. 



Cartas in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 

Claus: 15. H : 3. 
m : 13. Cart in 
Caftro de Berk, 
rot. pip. 6. R : 1 
in arce londin : 
duae cartas in 
Caftro de Berkeley 

62 



Aug : chart ; 
predifl : 



trae patent, in 
Caftro de Berkeley 



3Clltl alfo had the Manors of Berewe and Inglefcumbe in the faid County of 
Somerfett, wherein hee after obtayned of the fayd Earle John, to have two parkes 
with Deere leapes into them, and free warren, becaufe they were within the limits 
of his Forreft. 

3CnlJ had alfo the Manors of Powlet, ywis, Cantokefhed, Schochland in the fame 

Countye. | 

3Cnl> Ijab alfo the three hundreds of Portbury, Bedminfter & Hareclyve in 
the fame County, which his fayd father purchafed of y* Earle of Glouc : , To hold 
to him under a marke rent per Annu. 

9Cl0"O this Robert had more from his father, the church of S' Nicholas by 
Briftoll, and diuers lands there, and diuers other Manors and lands in the forefaid 
Countyes. 

SHrib from King Henry the fecond hee had the Towne and Caftle of Malmef- 
bury in Wiltfhire withall the lands and hundreds to the Towne and Caflle belonginge, 
To hold at the rent of xiijti x^ for which hee payd one hundred markes in filver, 
fayth the tres patentf . 

25p manp paffages it appeareth, That this Robert lyved in great reputacon Aug ^ chart: 
litle inferior to his elder brother the lord Maurice, and was attended with knights 
and other fervants, of eminent familyes and eftimacon 3llnb that hee was a Baron 
and peere of the Realme, the pype Rolle of 33. H : 2 doth fufficiendy intimate vnto Rot. pips in Sccio 
vs ; where (as in fome other yeares) vnder the tide of Scutagium baronum, hee ^^' 
payd one hundred {hillings efcuage, becaufe hee then went not with the Kinge in 
his Army againfl the welfh with other Barons, accordinge to the tenure of the 
lands hee foe held of the Kinge ; which dignitye alfo difcended to Mawrice de Gant 
his fonne, as after followeth. 

'^0 tfjC monaftery of S' Auguftines, both at the tyme of his Fathers firft Aug: chart :fo: 
foundinge thereof, and afterwards, this Robert was a liberall benefaftor, giving 39- 4o- 4i- 4a- 43- 
thereto the faid Church of S' Nicholas, and divers landes and rents in Briftowe, 
Pawlet and other places, befides what hath before bene mentioned. 

H 2 C^ 



52 



€|)c Eitociof of tjjc ^ttMe^^ 



1115 



Rot : pip : 28 : 

39 : et 30. H : 2 

in Sccio : 



Rot : pip : 6. 7. 8. 

9 : R : I in Sccio 

et in arce londin 

63 

in Co : Glouc : 

Rot : pip : 5. 6. 
R : I. in Co : 
Ebora dorfo. 

Pat : 15. E. I. m : 

15. rot. claus : 14. 

H : 3. m: 2. et 15. 

H : 3. m : 13. 20. 

Rot. fin. 14 : H: 

3. ps. I. m. I. et 

15. H : 3. pars i. 

m: 8. 

Rot : cart : 1 6. 

Jo!iis m : 

ptita Mich : 14. 

et 15. H : 3. 

Carta in Caftro de 

Berk. Claus: 15. 

H: 3. m: 20. rot. 

pip: 15: i8 H:3: 

Rot: cart: 41. H: 

3 pat: 15. E: i: 

m: 15. claus: 27. 

E: I. m: 14 pat. 

27 E: I in dorfo. 

Cartae 6: E: 2. m: 

4. Rot. fin. 19. E: 

I. m: 16. 

Rot. fin: 16. H: 3. 

pars. I. m: 2. 

Rot. pip. 15. 16. 

H: 3 in Sccio. 

Claus: 7. H: 3. 

m: 3 in dorfo. 

Claus. 5: H: 3 

pars 2 m: 17 in 

dorfo. 

Aug: chart fo: 41. 

42 

Rot fin: 16. H: 3. 

pars. I. m: 3. 

cart: 16. Jotiis. 

Rot: pip: 15 Jotiis, 

et 5. et 9. H^3. 

in Sccio: 



C|)C pipe rolls of 28. 29. and 30. H : 2. haue thus of him, Robertus filius Robti 
filij Hardingi, reddit compu de quingent marcis et vfi cuppa aurea prec. 40. marcar 
pro habenda filia Robti de Gant (vi3!) Robert the fonne of Robert fonne of 
Harding hath payd 500 markes and a Cup of gold of forty markes price, for the 
wardfhip of the daughter of Robert de Gant : 

3llnlJ the pipe rolls in 6. 7. 8. et 9. R : i. fhewe that hee payd threefcore mkes 
for not goeing with the Kings Army into Normandy, which money hanged in | 
proces many yeares in the tyme of King John before it was difcharged ; And in 
the fifth and fixth of Richard the firft, payd thirty three markes pro habenda terra 
Aliciae Paynell, to have the lands of Alice Paynell, which I thinke was a purchafe 
hee made in yorkefhire. 

j^CC maryed Hawifia de Gurney a great lady and very remarkeable in her tyme, 
by whom hee had iffue Mawrice, called Mawrice de Gant, and Eve called Eva de 
Gurney, Maurice de Gant marryed Margaret Somery who furuived her hufband, 
and dyed without iffue in the xiiij'*' of Henry the third, And leaft his Manors of 
Beverfton, Kingefweflon, Over, Radewike, North wike, Aylberton, Were and others 
to difcend to Robert de Gurney his faid fillers fonne and heire ; 311nb reconveyed 
his three hundreds of Portbury, Bedminfler, and Hareclyve to Thomas Lord 
Berkeley his Cozen and his heires, as in his life appeares. 

'STIjijf Maurice de Gant founded the faire hofpitall of S' Marke of Billfwike by 
Brifloll (nowe called S! Auguftines greene) neere to his Grandfathers Monaftery, en- 
dowing it with ample poffeffions, whofe honorable memorialls are there yet preferred. 

311ntl that this Mawrice alfo was a Baron and a peere of the Realme after the 
death of his father Robert, the hundred pound releefe payd by his nephewe and heire 
Robert de Gurnay after the death of this Mawrice his vnkle, befides other marginal! 
proofs, doe as fully intimate as before in his fathers, which dignity alfo remayned 
to his pofteritye as foUoweth. 

(gbC fifter of the faid Maurice de Gant, and the onely daughter of her Father 
was firft marryed to Gurnay by whom fliee had iffue Robert de Gurnay, 

And after was remarryed to Thomas fonne of William fonne of John de Harpetree, 
Againft which William (hee in the fifteenth of King John recouered the Manor of 
Ferenton in Dower. 

^^tC gave alfo (amongft other things) halfe an hide of land in Ferneberg to 
her grandfathers Monaftery : ^f)CC in fome Deeds ftiled herfelfe by the name of 

Eve 



1 1 70 



life of ilobcrt tt)c Jririflft 



53 



Eve daughter of Robert iuvenis, And in fonie other, Eve daughter of Robert fonne Trin: rec: in banco 
of Robert fonne of Harding, And dyed about the latter end of y' raigne of King in dorfo Somerfet 
John. I 



l!lobcrt de Gurnay was not onely fonne and heire of the faid Eve, but alfo 
heire to Maurice de Gant his vncle, And alfo grandchilde and heire to the faid 
William fonne of John de Harpetre, poffeffinge all their lands before mentioned and 
many others, 311nll had. 21. knights ffees in the Counties of Somerfett and Glouc: as 
the roll of 47. H : 3. fliewes, l^cc maryed Hawifia de longo campo, by whom hee had 
iffue Anfelme de Gurnay, And dyed in the liij"' of Henry the third ; In which yeare 
alfo after her hufband dyed the faid Hawifia. Cl^ijSf Robert de Gurnay had a yonger 
brother called Hugh de Gurnay of great eflimation with King Richard the firfl:, as 
the grants to him made, declare; To whome came the Inheritance of divers 
manners and lands after the death of Mawrice de Gant his vncle, from whome by 
Lucia his wife proceeded divers iffues of remarkeablenes in theire generations. 

CljC faid Anfelme de Gurnay fonne and heire of the faid Robert, held by 
difcent from his father the forefayd Manors of Beverfton, Kingefwefton, Over, 
Aylberton &c. The Advowfon of S! Markes hofpitall &c., and And many other 
great poffeffions in the countyes of Glouc. Somerfett, Dorfett, and Wiltefli. ; And 
was alfo a Baron, And accordingly payde one hundred pownd in the five and fiftieth 
of Henry the third for his Fathers reeleefe, And by Sibell his wife had iffue John 
de Gurnay and Thomas de Gurnaye, whofe grandchilde Thomas de Gurnay was 
the murtherer of King Edward the fecond in Berkeley Caftle, as will be written 
in the life of Thomas the Third And dyed in the xiiij'*' of Edward the firfl ; 
i&tbin furviued. And after dyed towards the end of that Kinge, Hee hauinge 
a little before in the fame yeare wherein hee dyed, alyened the Advowfon of y' 
Church of Beverflon to the Abbott of S! Peters of Glouc :, As in my defcrip- 
tion of the hundred of Berkeley more largely is delivered ; 4&f tDt)icI) Anfelme 
more is after to bee read in the life of Mawrice Berkeley the fecond, touchinge a 
fuite that fell out betweene them for Jurifdi6lion in the fayd Manners of Beverfton, 
Ailberton, & Kingefwefton within the hundred of Berkeley. | 



64 

Rot: fin: 16. H:3. 
pars: i. m: 2. 3. 
Rot: ])i|): 2. 5. 9. 
H: 3 in Sccio. 
Claus: 47. H: 3. 
Claus. 53. H: 3 
pars. I. m: 5. 
Fin: 53. H. 3 pars. 

1. m: 7. 

Claus: 15. H:3. m: 
20. Cart: 25. H: 3. 
pat: 5. E: 3. ps. 

2. dorfo. 

Efchset. 53. H: 3. 
n°: 23. 

AntiquEe cartae in 
tra. p. 

Efchaet.pofl.mort: 
Anfel : de Gurnay. 
14. E. I. [No. 11] 
fine roll. S3- H : 3. 
pars. 1. m: 7. et 
14. 15. E: I. m: 17. 
Rot. pip. 55. H : 

3. Pat: 13. E: 3. 
pars : 2 in dorfo. 
Rot. Scutag : 10 : 
E: I. Pat: 14. E: 
I. m : 17. 

Claus : 14. E : 3. 
pars i.m : 18: 19: 



fol:[99] 



Ct)C fayd John de Gurnay fonne and heire of Anfelme was twenty yeares old at "5 

the death of his father, And after maryed with Oliva, and dyed in the Nyneteenth i. n-i: 16: 17. 

of y' fayd Kinge within five yeares after his father, leavinge Elizabeth his onely Rot : fin: 15. E; i. 

daughter and heire, and in the xxiiij'^ of that kinge, died the fayd Oliva. Rot: fin: 24. E: i. 

Ctjc 



54 



€l)c %iMt0 of t|)c ^ctMep^ 



1115 



Rot:fin:s. E:2 ^fjj jefaibc <!Eli§aJlCt|) was maryed to S' John Ap-Adam fonne of Reginald, 

Claus.i8.E:2m:i. which John dyed in the fifth of Edward the fecond, leavinge iffue by his wife, 

Claus.19. E:2dor. Thomas ap-Adam knight within asre, whofe wardfhip for body and lands, was, for 
Claus. ": E: ^ dor sr j > > 

Pat: 5. E: 2 ps. 2500 markes granted by the kinge to Hugh le Defpenfer, And after vpon a refump- 

C\ 's^F-^^ '''^"' g''a"ted for . 6000 markes to Raph de Monthermer, which Thomas comeing 

in : I. to full age, fued his liuery in y* Eighteenth of that Kinge for his Fathers landes 

difcended vpon him in the Countyes of Wiltes, Southton, Oxon, Berks, Bedford, 

and Buckingham. 



Pat: 5. E: 3 
pars : 2 in dorfo. 



pat. 
pars : 



E:3. 
n : 32. 



pat: p'didt: in ead: 



^'fyi^ S' Thomas Ap-Adam maryed Margery, betweene whom was foe litle 
love, That in the fifth of King Edward the third, hee complayned in Chancery, 
That Thomas the fonne and heire of Hugh de Gurnay and others, had ftollen her 
away from him at Beuerflon, and with her divers of his goods and chattels. And 
thereupon had a Comiffion out of that Court to enquire thereof. 

BDUtinge which difcontent, hee fould in the fourth of that Kinge, to Thomas 
the third then Lord Berkeley, the faid Caftle and Manor of Beverfton, and the 
Manor of Over in the County of Glouc : and the Manor of Monewedon in the 
County of Suffolke. 

%Vii at the fame tyme (but a daye betweene) fold to Mawrice de Berkeley the 
^^A^^ u^f "^^ ^^'*^ lords fecond brother, the Manors of Kingefwefton, and Aylberton, as in theire 
lives is more largely to bee read. 

5llnb thus returned theis Manors and Caflle of Beuerflone &c. into the eldeft 
line of Robert fit3 Harding, after. 170. yeares poffeffion in the iffues of this third 
fonne Robert de Were, which I haue the more largely purfued by invincible matters 
of Record, and Deedes, omni exceptione maiores, for that fome old Pedegrees 
gathered in the tyme of Henry the fixt, refting in the Caftle of Berkeley, would 
without any warrant, obtrude vpon vs. That the iffue of the fayd Robert de Were 
ended | in Eve his daughter, which is utterly vntrue, %viti I fhall take occafion in 
theis relations to deduce downe the iffues of this S' Thomas Ap-Adam alfo untill 
this day as I have in Nicholas his brother. 



66 



Newl : ped : et 2. 4- €!)0maj9i the fourth fonne of this Lord Robert, was a clergy man, and 

at : in Caftro Archdeacon of Worcefter, And as I conceive, dyed before his midle age. 

de Berkeley. 

Aug: chart: fo: 17 5- J^Clttp the fifth fonne, was alfo a clergy man, and Archdeacon of Exceter, as 

^^'•ii- before is faid. And was alfo Treafurer to the faid Henry Duke of Normandy 3llntl 

it 



II70 



Hifc of Bohnt tlje jpir^t 



55 



Berkeley. 
Honor de 
Berkeley. 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



67 



it is not vnvvorthy the obfervinge, That in his youth hee was by Richard the firft 

Abbot of S' Auguftines, fhortly after the firft dedication of that Monaftery pre- duae Carts in 

fented to the churches of Berkeley, Wotton, Beverfton, Almondefbur>', Afhelworth 

and Chromale, and to all other the Churches of the Honor of Berkeleye : which 

prefentacon of y' Abbot, this Lord Robert his Father by his Deed confirmed ; Hee 

was alfo a witnes to the two firft Charters which Henry the fecond made to his 

Father Robert, as before appeareth : which fhewe him alfo to bee then Treaforer 

to that King.^ ^ 

6. S)c{ma eldeft daughter of this Lord Robert, was accordinge to the fayd Carta in Caftro 

dc Berkeley. 
agreem! at Briftoll maryed to Robertt fonne and heire of the fayd Roger of Berkeley Rofet de Ricart. 

in the tyme of Kinge Henrye the fecond at her fathers houfe in Briftowe, ^I^CC 

brought to her hufband (amongft other) the Manor of Durefley in ffee as part of her 

marriage portion, 3ilntl, for her dower, had affigned, by her hulbands Father, the 

Manors of Sifton accordinge to the faid Articles of Agreement. 3Bt|tCl) Robert 

and Helena had iffue Roger, who by Hawifia his firft wife had iffue l^cncp, which 

Henry by Agnes his wife had iffue 3lo()n, which John by | Sibill his wife had iffue 

J^enrp, which (Henry by Jone his wife had iffue J^intani, S'oljn and j^cnrp -.^ which 

John maryed Hawifia, but died without iffue, leavinge the fayd Henry his brother 

and heire ;)' which Henry had iffue 3'0'^n> which John by Hawifia his wife had iffue 

Nicholas and Mawd : Nicholas maryed Cicely fifter and heire of S' John de la 

More fonne of William de la More of Bitton, And after the faid Nicholas Berkeley 

dyed 

1 He was alfo Dean of Moretain, and was elefled Archbifhop of Dol, and died at Rome in Augull 

1 188, whither he had gone for Confecration. (Eyton's " Itinerary of Henrj' II." p. 291) [Ed.] 

* Smyth is inaccurate here. William was bom Sept. 1269; had Seizin of Durlley 19 Edw. I. 
(Calendarium Genealogicum p. 756.) died 28 Edw. I. 1300. in which year his writ diem Clausit Extremum 
was ifTued. (Rot Orig. 28. Edw. I. m. 7.) The cuflody of the Manor of Durfley was granted by the King 
to John Buteturte until the legal age of the heir of the faid William (Id. 29. Edw. I. m. 7.) He left two 
fons. John the eldefl marr. circa 7 Edw. II. 13 13 (Fed. Fin. Divers Co^ 7 Edw. II. No. 84) Hawifia 
dau. of Thomas de Tinworth of Bratton near Okehampton, Co. Dev. (Pole's Coll. for Devon, pp. 346. 7) 
She died s. p. before Michs. 19 Edw. II. 1325. (Ptta Coram Rege, Pafche 6 Edw. III. m. 104) John 
de Berkeley did homage for his lands 15 Aug. 8 Edw. II. 1315. (Rot. Marefc. 8 Edw. II. m. 9. dors.) 
and died s. p. 10 Edw. II. 1316. 7, in which year his writ dietn Clausit Extremum was iffued. (Rot. Orig. 
10 Edw. II. ra. 3) but the Inquifition taken thereupon is not extant. He was fucceeded by Henry his 
brother and heir who was under age in 1318. (Rot. Orig. 12 Edw. II. m. 8.) who died 1334, leaving 
John his fon and heir. (Efch. 8 Edw. III. 2nd. No? No. 13.) [Ed.] 

3 In the tranfcript, or fair copy, prefented by Smyth to George Lord Berkeley, and which hereafter we 
(hall cite as the " Berkeley Copy," the paffage we have placed within brackets reads : — " Henry by Jone 
his wife had iffue William, John, and Henry, which WUliam and John died without iffue leaving the faid 
Henry their brother and heire." [Ed.] 



56 



€l)e %i\ic0 of tl)c 25crhdcpjtf 



1115 



dyed without iffue in the fixth of Richard the fecond, Anno. 1382 : 3(n whom 
ended all the iffue male of the fayd Roger de Berkeley lord of Durefly, with whom 
this lord Robert fit3 Harding had the contention, and agreement, as is aforefaid : 
5fn which eight difcents from him, the faid Manor of Durefly and almofl; all the 
other Manors formly mentioned, whereof hee was then poffeffed, had contynued, 
which nowe came to the fayd Mawd After and heire to the faid Nicholas Berkeley, 
who was maryed to Robert de Cantelo, by whom fliee had iffue Robertt de Cantelo, 
who leaft iffue ^BU^ObCtf) his ogly daughter and heire marryed to Richard Chedder, 
which Richard and Eli3abeth in the thirteenth yeare of Henry the fourth Anno. 
1420.^ fold to Thomas lord Berkeley the fourth of that name (as followeth in his life) 
the Advowfon of the Abbathy of Kingefwood, whereof Wittm de Berkeley lord of 
Durfely father of the faid Roger was Founder, which in this antient Saxon family^ 
had likewife contynued till this tyme. 



Berkeley of 
Coburley. 



68 



3llnb in the fixth yeare of Henry the fourth, Anno 1404 twoe and twenty 
yeares after the death of the faid Nicholas de Berkeley by the death of S' Thomas 
Berkeley of Coberly, ended alfo all the male pofterity of that antient yonger branch 
of theis Berkeleys of Durfeley, who had longe contynued in great reputacon and 
remarkeablenes in this County of Glouc: and of Worcefter, and were diftinguifhed 
from the former Berkeleys of Durfeley by the name of the Berkeleyes of Coiiuriji, 
which nowe fell into the family of Brugge ats Bridges by the mariage of Alice 
fecond daughter and co-heire of the faid S' Thomas de Berkeley of whome the 
nowe Lord | Chandois of Sudeley Caftle is difcended, whofe difcent from the faid 
S' Thomas de Berkeley here to lay downe is befides my purpofe. As not difcended 
from this Helene, for that the faid S' Thomas Berkeley of Coburley was fonne of 
S' Thomas, fonne of Giles, brother and heire of Nicholas, fonnes of Giles, fonne of 
Domefday booke. Robert, fonne of William, fonns of William, fonn of Raph mentioned with Roger 
of Durfely his brother in the booke of Domefday, and who lived in the tyme of 
King Edward the Confeffor, And which Roger was father of the faid William that 
founded the fayd Abby of Kingefwood, father of Roger that lined in the tyme of 
King Steephen, father of Robert that maryed this Helena, as is before faid ; which 
Helena dyed the xij"^ of January about the tenth of the raigne of King John. 

I^otoc 

1 In the " Berkeley Copy" this date ftands 1410, but neither of them can be exa(5l if the regnal year 
is correaiy dated, for as the reign of Henry IV. commenced on 30 Sep., 1399, his 13th year would begin 
on 30 September, 141 1. [Ed.] 

2 Mr. A. S. Ellis has given good reafon for doubting the Saxon defcent of thefe more ancient Berkeleys. 
See his " Domefday Tenants of Glouceflerfhire " (Trans. Briaol and Glouceaerfh. Archseol. Soc. vol iv. 
p. 145 et feq.) [Ed.] 



1 170 



mic of Robert t!)c f irsft 



57 



jPotDC for proofe of all the forefayd difccnts of the Berkcleys of Durfely, take 
theis, too many for the Margent hereof, tDi)tci) likewife will manifeft many various 
accidents, which fince the Norman Conqueft, befell that family in the length of. 
315. yeares, whileft the iffue male did lafl;. vi3' Domefday booke: Red booke in the 
Excheq^ fo : 109 : / Rot pipse. i. H : 2. et. 1 7 H : 2 : / et 2. 7. 8 R : i. / et. i. 9. 17 
Johis : / Aug : chart : fo : 54. 55 : / Rot. pip : 2. 3. 4. 1 1. 12. H : 3. / Rot. claus : 5 
H : 3. pars. i. m : 2. / et 1 1. H : 3. pars. i. m : 12 : / et 11: H : 3. pars 3. m : i. / 
et 21. H: 3. m : 13: / et 29 : H : 3. m. 9. et. 19 : E : i : m : 9: / et 8. E : 3. m : 13:/ 
et 23. E : 3. m : 8. / et 17 R : 2. m : 29 : / et 21. R : 2. pars i. m. 4. et. 8 : / Liber 
nominu. villa?. 9. E : 2. in Sccio : / Rot. fin. 30 H : 3. m : 13. et 28. E : i. m : 10. et 
23. E : 3 m. : et 24 E : 3. m : 49 : et. 9. R : 2 : m : 3. / Rot. paten. 30. H : 3. m: 

et 19. R : 2. in dorfo : / et 3. E : 4. m : 20. / Fines in banco Corn 33. H : 3. 
et 15. E : 3. / ptita in banco Trin : 4. H : 3 rot. 16. et Pafch. 26 H : 3. rot. i. / et 
Mich : S3 ■ et. 34- H : 3. rot : 25 : / et Mich : 34. et 35. H : 3. rot : 9. 

And the Inquificons in the County of Glouc. found after mofl; of theire deaths, 
which I omit, becaufe they are calendred in the Tower, and obvious to euery 
ordinary eye. 

"Ktlb for proofe of all the forefaid difcents of that yonger branch of the Berkeley of 

Coburley. 
Berkeleyes of Coburly, take theis, too many alfo for the margent hereof, | which gg 

likewife will manifeft many other variable accidents, which fince the Norman 

Conqueft befell this branch in the length of 337. yeares, As alfo of many yonger 

brothers and Nephewes of both familyes whileft iffue male did laft, which nowe are 

all fpent and gone, As pat : 3. E : 4. m : 20 : / Rot. pipse. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Johis 

in Sccio : / claus 16. Johis. pars. i. et 2 : et 27 H : 3 : / pat. 38. H: 3. pars 2. m. 2. 

et. 6. / pat. 39. H : 3. / pat. 16. H : 3 : m : 4. / pat. 23. H : 3. m. / claus : 15. H : 

3. m. / et 47. H : 3 m : 13 : / fine. 47. H : 3. m. 10. / Finis in banco. 10. E: 2:/ 

Rot : Fin : 6. H : 4. m. 9 : / Rot. claus. 8. H : 6. m : vltima / Togeather with the 

Offices in the Countyes of Glouc : and Worcefter, found after many of their deaths, 

here by mee omitted for the caufe aforefayd. 

%nti to fatisfy this noble family of the Berkleyes of Berkeley Caftle, touchinge Berkeley of 
the iffue generall of this of Durfely, (It fell from the forefayd Eli5abeth wife of ^^^^^y 
Richard Chedder into the name of Wike ats Wikes, who contynnued owners of 
Durfely till the Nynth year of Queene Eli5abeth in which yeare that Mannor by 
M' Wikes was aliened in ffee to Edmund Woolworth ats Webbe.') And is in this yeare. 

1624. the 
1 In the " Berkeley Copy " this paflage reads : — " It fell by difcent from the forefayd Elizabeth wife 
of Richard Chedder unto Thomas Wyke ats Wikes, who died 13 Edw. IV., father of John, father of 
I 



S8 



€|ie Eibeji of tijc Obtvhdep0 



"15 



70 



Kingefcote of 
Kingefcote. 

Cartse cu Antho- 

nio Kingefcote. 

Claus. iH. 3 m. 14. 

Carta cum Rico 

Bridges deCombe. 

Fines: in banco. 

25. H : 3 from 

Richard fil: Adae 

of 2 yard land in 

Combe to waiter 

fil: Agathae. 

diverfse cartae cu 

Antho:Kingefcote. 

Reg: of Knights'. 

fees fo: 19. 

Ward : at releefe 

fo : 15. 



1624. the inheritance of S' Tho: Eflcourt, And that family of Wike, live in obfcure 
poverty ; And (to fliewe what the hand of heaven worketh amongft the fonnes of men 
and princes) I haue diuers tymes within. 26 yeares part, beheld [the faid Robert] 
Wike (the heire of this antient line) then not more old then poore, in Chancery lane, 
and in Fleet flreet London, picking up the fhreds of rags caft into the ftreetf from 
the fweepingf of Taylors and Seamfters fliopps, to get thereby a farthing token for 
his Suflenance, (fomewhat harfh to be written by mee) when my felfe and others 
then in company, knowinge his honorable difcent, and feeing his prefent condicon, 
haue given him fix pence or twelve pence from amongfl us, concealinge our felues, 
and eake our knowledges of him ; Howbeit (confcious of his Anceflors, and difcent, 
and of the mount from whence he was tumbled downe) hee would never begg of 
any, for ought I could ever fee or learne. %\\ti theis vouchers of Records followinge, 
will fully prove all the difcents from the faid Elijabeth Chedder to the faid old and 
poore M"" Wike. vi3' patent. 10. H : 6. m : 10. / pat : 1 1. H 6. m : 24 : / pat : 24. 
H : 6. pars. 2. m. 17 : / Rot. pardon, i. E : 4. m. 42 : / pat. 13. E : 4 : pars. 2, m : 
5 : / Mictlas Fin. : 16. H : 8. 2. /^| Togeather with the Offices after theire feverall 
deathes, callendred in the Chappell of the Rolls in Channcery Lane obvious (as 
before I fayd) to the eye of every ordinary fearcher. 

7. 3illtinia (in fome colle6lions called Alditha but erronioufly) yongefh daughter 
of this lord Robert, was marryed in the tyme of Henry the fecond alfo, to Nigell of 
Kingefcote, fonne of Arthur, then owner of divers lands in Combe in the pifhe of 
Wotton vnderedge (which were her Joynter) and one of the eight pledges of this 
lord Robert in the agreement at Briflowe, with whom this lord Robert her father 
gave in marriage the manor of Kingefcote neer adioyninge to Combe, To hold of 
him by halfe a knights ftee, which grant King Henry aforefayd confirmed, <©Ut of 
the frutes of which mariage, came two fonnes, Adam & Robert, Adam had iffue 
Richard, who dyed without iffue after full age; Sfiltb Robert had iffue Nigell and 
Richard [Nigel died without iffue and Richard had iffue Nigel] (who tooke part with 
Mawrice Lord Berkeley in his rebellion againfl King Edward the fecond in the 
fifteenth yeare of his raigne) And hee was father of William, Father of Nicholas, 
father of Henry, Father of John, Father of, [William] (whoe for this Manor of 

Kingefcote 
Edmund, father of Nicholas, father of John, father of Robert, who in the Nynth year of Queen Elizabeth 
alyened this Manor of Durfeley to Richard Bird, Gent, and he to Edmund VVoolworth ats Webbe." 

1 The following are the references in this place in the " Berkeley Copy," viz. — " Patent 10 H. 6 
patent 11 H. 6. pars i. m. 3. / Rot. pardon. 15 H. 6. m. 22. / Claus. 21 H. 6. m. 7. / Rot. pardon. 24 H. 
6. m. 24 / Pat. 24 H. 6. pars. 2. m. 17 / Rot. pardon, i E. 4. m. 22 / Pat. 13 E. 4. pars 2. ra. 5 / Mich. fin. 
16 H. 8. rot. 2." 



II70 



Hife of iiobat rt)c Jfirjeft 



59 



Kingefcote was in ward to William Lord Beri<cley in the xiij'!" of Edward the 
fourth) And was father of William, Father of William, Father of William, [Father 
of William] Father of Chriftopher, Father of Anthonye Kingefcote, that now is, 
who by Katherine his wife daughter of Robertt Chambers of Bath hath iffue 
William, Chriflopher, Mathewe, John, Mary, Eli3abeth, Jone, Anne and Heftre. 
Anno: 1629: | [Still owner of this Manor of Kingefcote where hee and all his 
anceftors have lyved till this day.] ^ 

CljC feale which this lord Robert ufed both in greene and yellowe waxe hath 
the impreffion of a knight armed and mounted as for prefent onfet in the warrs, 
And is circumfcribed about the ringe w"" theis words. S. Rob : fil : Hard : in bredth 
about three inches ; behold the forme in true dimenfion. 



Note. — This is not the feal 
defcribed by Smyth, which is 
not now extant, but it is a 




fac fimile of that which he has 
tricked for Robert Fitz Hard- 
ing in the " Berkeley Copy." 
[Ed.] 



71 



^10 bcotl) anb place of buriaH 

C|)t^ Robert fate lord Berkeley about twenty yeares after the quiet eftablifh- 
ment of his barony, And from the death of his Father, fifty five yeares, And dyed 
the fifth daye of February Anno . 1 1 70 . in the feaventeenth yeare of the raigne of 
King Henry the fecond, of whom (as Camden hath truly written) hee was entirely 
beloved, then beinge of the age of . 75 . yeares or thereabouts. 

I&CC lived to fee his childrens children growne to maturity of yeares, His body Regid: Roberti de 
. fii 1 Ricart cu niaiore 

was buried m the Church of S' Auguuines, whereof hee was founder, betweene the srifloll. 

Stalls of the Abbot and Pryor there, and next to the Abbots ftall in the entringe 

into the quire : by whom was after layde the body of the lady Eve his wife. 

Theire 

1 The words in this paragraph inchided within brackets are interpolated in the " Berkeley Copy." 

I 2 



6o 



€|)c ai\)C^ of tijc 25crftcl(cpief 



1115 



Of Robert and 
Rve his wife ; 



Theire Riches were like corne, lent to the feild, 
What it received, it manifold did yeald : 
Theire bodies have a grave, theire vertues none 
But doe with tyme growe greene, now they are gone. 

Amor coniugalis aeternus. 
One mind, one Fayth, one hope, one grave, 
In life and death, they had, and ftill they have. | 

J^i^ \av330 to!|crcof l)c Dpcli jSci^cb 

' 25p tfie bcatt) of this lord Robert, difcended to Mawrice his eldeft fonne, theis 

Manors and lands, befides Slimbridge and divers other which Mawrice enioyed in 

his Fathers lyfe tyme. viz' 

The manor of Portbury ) , , ^ r r- r 

_, r -n, ^ ■ n M " the County of bomerfet 

The manor 01 Bedmmlter ) 

The manor of Berkeley burrowe 

The manor of Hame 

The manor of Alkington 

The manor of Hinton 

The manor of Hurft 

The manor of Came 

The manor of Cowley 

The manor of Simondfhall 

The manor of Arlingham 

The manor of Gofington 

The manor of Vley 

The manor of A6lon 

The manor of Hannam in the 
pifhe of Bitton 

The manor of Bray in y^ County of Devon 
Vnles I fhould fuppofe that this Mawrice entred formerly vpon them when this lord 
Robert his Father entred into religion, by becoming a Chanon of this Monaftery 
of S' Auguftines. 

jfor all other his Manors and lands before mentioned, I conceive them to bee 
conveyed by the fayd lord Robert to his yonger children and theire iffues. 

^C0i1iC0 theis poffeffions, this Lord Robert leaft a greater portion, which his 
73 offpringe hath enherited, By buildinge of a houfe to God | at Briftowe, hee 

eftablilhed 



In the County of Glouc 



I170 Uifc of ilobm tfjc firjeit 6i 

eftabliflied the foundation of his Caftlc at Berkeley 25p a cheercfull guift of part to 
God, hee refumed back that guift againe much inlarged, wittneffed by the bleffing 
powred from heaven vpon him-felfe and his poflerity ; IlDf)ift) to bee true, hath 
nowe the teftimony of twenty honorable generations from his owne loynes. 

Of his greate worth to knowe, who feeketh more, 

Muft mount to Heaven, where hee is gone before. 

Ci)r application nnb u0c of I)ijei life 

1. CljC life of this lord deferves to have bene written in braffe, that afwell the 
excellency of his mind, as the nobility of his bloud, might have bene perpetuated to 
his pofterity, leaft iniurious tyme fliould have, as now for the greatefl; parte it hath, 
deprived it of due eternity: JLiib it may inftru6l his pofterity to place god and re- 
ligion in the upper roome of their hartf , |j5ot to bee proud or high minded, lifting 
vp high thoughts, when they fee many, dependant vpon them, humbled in their 
prefence, and ready to execute what they comaund ; knowinge that honor and 
greatnes have their bounds, %vJi that the very memory of it, may in fhort tyme 
ceafe amongfl men, when vertu and godlines growe greene with tyme and fuffer 
noe decay. 

2. 311ffninc, the life of this Lord, convinceth the vanity of thofe that hope to 
purchafe an endlefs memorial! vnto their names, by workes proceeding rather from 
theire greatnes, then from their vertue, which therefore are noe longer theire owne, 
then themfelues contynue greate ; Whereas this Lord lyves in vertuous remembrance 
in after ages, after the death of greatnes ; A prefident mofl worthy of memorial! 
and imitation. 

3. 3ll0tline from the wicked plot of Earle Godwin, whereby hee gayned a ritch 
booty of vnhappy treafure, that belonged to the Service of the | living God, This 74 
noble Family may obferve howe fmall a while it remayned in the poffeffion of that 
potent man, who quickly after fell into his grave ; And in fewe yeares after, howe 
Harold his fonne, not onely was bereaved of this land thus wickedly gotten, but of 

all other his poffeffions, with his fonnes, and theire lyves to boote ; And thereby 
make vfe, to fquare their defires by rules of iuftice and righteous dealinge ; And to 
remember, That the iuft God, who liveth and governeth all thinges forever, doth in 
theis our tymes (as hee hath of old) throwe downe kingdomes and familyes for the 
fame offences which were comitted of old, and are comitted in the prefent. 

4. 3(l0aine, from the pradlice of this pious and prudent Lord, his poflerity may 
bee inftruded, not to deferr theire workes of piety, nor portions intended for 

yonnger 



62 €f)e %i\je^ of tlje ^ttMtp^ 1115 

yonnger fonnes till after death ; but to fee them perfitted whilefl; themfelves are 
perfitt in memory and vnderflanding ; And as far as may bee with Affent of the 
eldeft, as this lord did, whereby hee preevented vnbrotherly iealoufies, that often 
arife about partages ; and leaft a fetled peace in his pofterity ; And when their 
fonnes are man-growne, foe to impart vnto them, that they may not think their 
parents lyves, their bondage ; A fault too frequent both w"" parents and children in 
theis tymes, which this lord, to his comfort, avoyded. 

jfarctodi thrice bleffed Lord, bleffed in thy pofterity, for they inherite the land 
thou leauefl, Bleffed in thy memory, for thy good deedes are had in everlaflinge 
memory ; And bleffed in thy death, for thou reftefts from thy labors. And thy pious 
workes followe thee. I 



75 & 76 blank 



fm^ Ilotjcrt tfje fit^t 



Note B. pp. 23, 24. 

£e//e, et Burgiet. — Thefe terms, which occur in the firfl Charter of Henry Duke of Normandy &c., 
by which he granted to Robert Fit? Harding the Manor of Bitton and lands in the Manor of Berkeley of 
the value of ^^loo, relate to franchifes which are very rarely fpecifically fo dated, and confequently the 
terms are fo obfcure as to render a note defirable. 

The fignification of the term belle, or bell, is, in itfelf, fufficiently evident, and both terms are found 
in "The Ancient Laws and Inflitutes of England." Hinder "Ranks" § 2p. 8i,we find that "if a Ceorl 
thrived fo that he had fully five hides of his own land. Church and Kitchen, bell-hus and burh-geat-fetl, 
(bell-houfe and burgh-gate-feat) and fpecial duty in the King's hall, then was he thenceforth of thane-right 
worthy." 

Berkeley is a very ancient borough, if not by prefcription, and we do not find any burgeffes men- 
tioned in Domefday, it would feem to be recognifed as fuch in the franchifes fpecified by the terms under 
confideration. Burgiet is doubtlefs equivalent to Burh-geat, burgata — a town-gate, and we confider the 
franchife under this term confifted of the power to have a town-gate and the privilege of clofmg it, at 
pleafure, for defence or exclufion ; and that the bell was a Common-bell to call the burgeffes together when 
circumflances demanded it. Comfuon Bells flill exifl, in various boroughs. At Chefler — At Shrewfbury 
in the reign of Henry VI fome Ordinances were referred to by which it was diredled that the Commons, 
affembled together on the ringing of the Common-bell, fhould choofe the burgeffes to be fent to Parliament 
At Monmouth a court is held on the ringing of the Town-bell for the fame purpofe. Wallingford may 
alfo be mentioned, ^ and we believe the fame pra<5lice exifls, or did exifl, at Briflol. The terms are not 
repeated in the fubfequent Charter by which Henry granted to Robert Fits Harding the whole Manor of 
Berkeley and Berkeley-Hemeffe, but the franchifes were doubtlefs included in the liberties and cuftoms 
which exifted in the time of King Henry I. as granted in that Charter. In this Charter we have, however, 
another unufual word in Marcheium. This is doubtlefs equivalent to "mercatum," as (hewn in the context. 
Du Cange gives the fame word as Marcheyum and " mercatum" as its equivalent. 

1 Edited by B. Thorpe, and printed by the Record Comminioa in 1840. 
2 See Stephens's Hiftory of Boroughs. 



®l)e ffifc of ittaaricc tl)e JFirst 



77 



€hc Hifc of Maurice lord Berkeley the firfl; of that Rot pip* temp. 

ri-1 1 • • • Ti H : 2 : et. R: I. 

name, itiled in writings, Mauric nlius Robert! ; ant Mauricius ,. , 

films Roberti, filij Hardingi; anli Mau? de Beret ; anb Mauri- CaftrodeBerkeicf. 

cius de Berkelei ; anb diis Mauricius de Berket ; Slnb was 

the firft that had the firname of Berkeley, or de Berkeley. 

31nb may bee called, Maurice the make peace 

Contaiiporarp with part of King Henry the fecond, from the 

yeare . 1 170. to the yeare 1 189. 

tBf^o0t life I deliver to his pofterity, vnder theis thirtene 

titles . viz'. 



— 1$i^ birth and education, fol : 78 : 

. — The confirmations of the Manor and barony "If, „ 

of Berkeley made to him ) ^°^ • 7« • 79- 

—i$i^ liberality to the Abby of S' Auguftins . fol : 80. 

— <Jf|C fame Abbotf ingratitude to him . fol : 80. 

— Berkeley Caftle becomes this lords dwelling houfe "I r 1 o 
and the name changeth from Harding to Berkeley ) ' ^" 

— f^i0 Almes and devotions, fol : 83. 

— J^iitf foundinge the hofpitall of Longbridge neere Berkeley, fol : 84. 

—^10 toife, fol : 87. 

— I^^Sf iffue, fol : 89. 

— l^ijef feale of Armes, fol : 91. 

— j^iitf death and place of buriall, fol : 92. 

■Clje latfb^ whereof he dyed feafed . fol : 92. 

— Cfie application and ufe of his life . fol : 93. 



64 



%i\ie0 of t^c 2&crhriepje{ 



1170 



78 



j^i^ 6ict|| anti c&ucation. 



Anlig : manufcript 

Aug : chart : in 

caflro de Berkeley. 



c 



1}\S Corb ZTIaUriC^ was home in Brifloll not long after the death of 
Harding his Grandfather ; bred up with his father the lord Robert in his 
great flone houfe built by him vpon the banke of the River of ffrome there, 
Hollingefh:fol:5s where hee fpent part of his life after his Fathers death: Age, tyme, place, occafion, 
et poftea : affe6lion of parents, and other circumflances, foe iumply^ concurre, that I feeme 
warranted to fay, That when that kinge, then not Duke, followed his mother the 
Emparice in the viij"" yeare of king Stephen into England, and was for his educa- 
tion fetled at Briftoll for fower yeares vnder one Mathewe his Schoolmafler, That 
if hee and this Maurice were not schollers together vnder the fame mafter, yet 
vpon the Dukes fecond abode there for two yeares more in the fowerteenth and 
fifteenth of King Stephen, there were many affe6lionate relations and paffages 
betweene them, which relifhed to this lord's iffue alfo, as after followeth : CilTlCjEt 
wherein Maiefty was free from pride, and humility held to bee the higheft honor. 



I^Ot longe after the death of his Father, about the eighteenth of Kinge Henry 
the fecond, this lord obtayneth of that kinge a confirmation of his Manor of 
Berkeley and of all Berkeley herneffe, which for the finall faftninge of this noble 
cornerflone, whereupon their barony is built, I will out of the Deed it felfe, fet 
downe verbatim. 



Carta in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 

ptita de quo warr. 

Pafch:is. E;i. 

rot : 12. 



79 



f$ : Oi gfa rex AngJ et Dux Norman et Aquit et Coin And, oiiiibus Archiepis, 
Epis, Abbibus, confulibus, vicecofii, baronibus, Juftic, et oibus fuis fidelibj, ffrancis, 
et Anglicis, Sat. ^ctati^ me dediffe et conceffiffe Mauritio filio Rodbti filij Hard' 
et heredibus fuis, Berkelai et totam Berkelai Herneffe quam donavi pri fuo in feodo 
et hereditate pro fuo magno fervitio, maneriii, fch, cu 6ib3 appendlcijs fuis plene et 
integre fie erat in tpre Henrici reg avi mei ; Tenendu in feod et hereditate fibi et 
hered fuis, de me et de hered meis, per fervic quinque militu. Et accepi pro ifla 
fup'^didta donatione ^dcte terre, homagiii Mauricij filij Rodbti filij Hard Quare volo 
et firmiter praecipio vt Maurlcius | et heredes fui fJdictm maneriu et oia pertinentia 
fua in ecctijs, in nemorib3, in planis, in pafcuis, in terris, in aquis, in vijs, in femitis, 
et in placitis, et in oibus rebus et eventibus, teneant et imppetuu tieant libe quiete 
1 Nicely, Exaftly. See Hallhvell. [Ed.] et 



Uife of ^tiuricc tt^t f ir^^t 



65 



et honorifice cu Tol, et Them, et Soch et Sach, ct infankenethef, cu oibus libertati- 
bus et litis confuetudinib5 fuis et quietantijs que ibi fuerunt in tpre Henrici regis 
avi mei ; Et preterea dedi et conceffi eis tiere in fujydcfto mancrio, liberii marcheu 
cu oibus libertatib3 que ad marclied pertinent quacunque die Septimane voluerint, 
et monetum cii proprio monetario fuo. T. Ricardo Abbe Sci Auguftini de Briftow, 
Reginaldo Comite Cornubie, Rogero Comite Hereford, Ricardo de Hume^ Con- 
ftabulario, Manafero Bifeth Dapifero, Wittmo filio Hamundi, Guarino filio Geroldi 
Robto de Saltmareis. Wherein note that the words dedi et conceffi, implye noe 
more in this place, then confirmavi, a confirminge of a former, and noe newe grant, 
as fometymes alfo fundavi and fundator denote a benefadlor onely or confirmer of an 
others AA and guift, as after will appeare ; neither did he pay any thinge to the 
kinge for this confirmation, that can bee found in the great roll of the pipe or elf- 
where, but obtayned the fame vpon the doinge of his homage. 



2Cl)C like confirmation this lord had a little before his death dated the thirtieth 
day of Oclob' in the firfl of King Richard the firfi;, made by Queene Alienor 
mother to that King, And in his then ab fence Regent of the land. To hold in 
baronia of King Richard her fonne by the Service of five knights fees, for which 
this Jord payd one thoufand nikes. The entry whereof in the great roll of the pipe 
is: Mauricius de Bercheley debet 1000 marcas pro fine terre fue, et pro confirmacoe 
dni Regis habenda ; Maurice de Bercheley owes 1000 markes for the fine of his 
land and the Kings confirmacon : tDl^tcI) in the next yeare is all payd. 



baronia 

Cart : in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 
Rot:pip:in2.et 3. 
R : I. in Sccio 
Glouc : 



]^at)ingt thus fetled his eflate, hee confirmeth to his two yonger bretheren Cartae in caftro 

Nicholas and Robertt and to their heires, by his feuerall Deedes, fuch partf of his ^ ^^ ^^^' 
faid Manor of Berkeley as his father the lord Robert had feverally given unto them, 
viz' To Nicholas the manors of Hill and Nimpesfeild and to Robt the Manors of 

Beuerflon and Kingefwefton, as before in the relation of theire lyves is touched ; carta cu Anthonis 

3Ilntl the like confirmation hee made to Adam de Kingefcote his nephewe ; fonne | Kingefcote: 

and heire to his fifter Aldena, of y° Manor of Kingefcote given to her in Fee 80 

Simple vpon her mariage with Nigell father of the fayd Adam, as formerly is Seefol:[7o] 
mentioned. 



9£nil about the fame tyme, grants and confirmes to his meh and Tenants of Carta cum Rotto 
Radclifeftreet, all fuch cuftomes and liberties which they had in the tj-me of his Bath"^^"^^ *^^ 
father. And which his father by his deed confirmed vnto them, whereto the fayd 
Nigell the fonne of Arthure, and Adam his fonne, are witneffes. 



66 



€J)c HiMt^ of tlje ^ctMci^g 



1 170 



Carta in Callro 
de Berkeley. 

/ 
Aug:chari:fol:34. 
35. in Callro 
de Berkeley. 



Aug : chart :fo: 36. 

Rol3t de Ricart 

cum Maiore 

BriftoU : 



81 



The Antiquity of 

the Towne mill. 

Aug: chart : fo : 35 

in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Carta cum decano 

Briftoll in the 

Chapter houfe. 



^Ijifif Maurice in the day of the dedication of his fathers faid church and 
Monaftery of S' Auguftine, layeth meekly downe vpon the altar, his deed, whereby 
hee alfo (afwell as the reft of his bretheren) gaue to god and S! Auguftine the 
Englifh Apoftle, (in dotem) towards the fayde churches mariage portion (they are 
the very words) in prefence of the fower Bifhops of Worcefter, Exeter, Landaph, 
and S; Afaph, one hide of land at Hinton in the parifli of Berkeley: %ixti afterwards, 
gave more to the Abbott and Covent of the fame Monaftery, one yard land at 
Alkynton, and one other at Oldminftre in Hinton aforefayd, and divers other lands 
in other of his Manors, which at this day are worth . 200^- . per Ann. ^Uttwhich 
hee alfo, by his Deed nowe confirmeth vnto them, as formly hee had to his two 
brothers and Nephewe : 3llnD alfo by his other Deede confirmeth to the fayd 
Church of S' Auguftines (quam dns pater fuus ad honorem dei fundavit) which his 
lord father to the honor of god had founded) all whatfoever his father had given to 
them in Berkeley Herneffe, Almondefbury, Horefeild, Effelworth, Chromale, and 
other places when hee became a Chanon of y" fayd Monaftery. 

€l)c 3llt>&ot;6f ingrfltitubc 

I^Ottoit^ttinbingC which and many other rjtcljc and liberall almes, given to that 
Monaftery (for all lands were was allwayes given vnto them in puram elemofinam) 
when this lord Maurice had fhortly after fomewhat enlardged his Caftle of Berkeley, 
and had for the' better fortification thereof, by making of a ditche on the North fide, 
cut a little of the ground | of the Church yard, belonging to the Church of Berkeley 
(which on that part adioyneth ; the Abbott and Covent foe purfued him by ecclefi- 
afticall cenfures, (as though the offence had bene inexpiable); the merits of his 
Father, himfelfe, and bretheren towards them quite forgotten) That they make him- 
felf to caft durt vpon his owne face, and like a fchoolboy by his Deed to faye. That 
pro emendatione culpae meae de foffato quod feci de cimeterio de Berkeley circa 
caftellum meum, for redemption & pardoning of my offence comitted by mee 
vpon the Church yard of Berkeley in making the ditch about my Caftle, I doe give 
unto the Church of Berkeley five fhillings rent for euer iffuing out of my mill under 
my Caftle, And I give alfo to the faid Abbot and Monaftery for ever (being 
patrons of the faid Church) the Tythes of the pawnage' of my Chace of Michael- 
wood, and of Appleridge, and of Okeley, and of Wotton parkes, and pafture for as 
many of theire oxen as will till one plowe land, to feed with fuch of myne as doe 
till my demefne lands, in pure and perpetuall Almes for ever. HDtjicf) ingratefull 
returne, this lord foe deeply tooke to hart, Cl)at hee never after looked fairely vppon 
the faid Abbot and Covent, nor conferred any benefits vpon them, neither would 

bee 

1 Pannage, Pannagium, that is food for fwine fuch as beech-mafl and acorns. [Ed.] 



II89 



life of ^Jl^auricc tljc fk^t 



67 



bee buryed within their Monaflery, nor haue any Aniverfary there celebrated, or 
other devotions for his foule done amonsrft them. 



JLct nice have leaue a litle to digreffe, Cf)e tythes of Wotton parke, and woods, 
in the forementioned deed, are not, nor at any tyme were in Berkeley parifh, but in 
the parifh of Wotton, as antient a parifh as Berkeley, and honored with as many 
Chappels belonging to it, Cljat none were payde before this grant of the thinges 
therein contayned, the Deed it felfe affures us, Cljnt this lord had power to grant 
or not to grant theis Tythes, and to whome he would, dwellinge in or out of 
the faid parifh is as playne by the Deed ; Of which kind alfo theis relations will 
prefent others more ; 311nll therewith alfo agrees the record in the feaventh of 
Edward the third in the cafe of the pryor of Lewes : jfconi hence I purpofed, to 
have taken the occafion of openinge to this family howe the cafe for payement of 
tythes within their barony of Berkeley flood in theis antient tymes. And how 
it ftandeth at this day, the rather fith controverfies about payement of Tythes out 
of the lord Berkeleys parkes, woods, and chafes, are moved at this inflant, wherein 
I have vndergone a litle paynes : And to haue concluded with the Hebrewe 
proverbe mentioned in y^ J ewes writings at this daye, pay tythes juftly that thou 
mayefl; bee ritch : But when I fell upon the bookes of Carleton, | Eburne, Ridley, 
Chancellor of Winton and fome other, And laflly vpon Butler fometymes my fellow 
ftudent in Magdalen Colledg in Oxford) and in the end of his treatife of bees, 
which hee calleth his feminine monarchy, find him (with others) cenforioufly to 
proclaime, Cljilt for laymen which wayt not at the Aultar, to lay their prophane 
hands upon the lords portion, and receive Tythes, is fuch a fmne as the man of 
fmne himfelfe would not attempt, and fuch an abbominacon as in former ages 
amongfl Chriflians or heathen, the world never heard of, nor ever was heard of in 
this famous He, fince it firfl imbraced the fayth of Chrifl, vntill that flrange A(51; 
whereby the church was vnmercifully fpoyled, not onely of her lands the guiftf of 
men, but of her Tythes alfo the guiftf of god, and given to the Robbers themfelves, 
calling them Thefts, accurfed evills, irreligious Sacriledges, and the like ; I then 
retraced my intent. And fend him that defireth further fatisfaftion to the Hiflory 
of Tythes written by John Selden of the Inner temple given mee by the lady 
Elizabeth Berkeley with her motto, non eft mortale quod opto : And to an other 
treatife alfo of his in fewe months after written in confutation of Doctor Tillefly his 
refuter, with the Do6lors reply. Then which none more learned in that argument, 
have, I fuppofe, bene prefented to the world. 3lln& feeing I am a little digreffed take 
a glymps of the Acflions of this Abbot, wheather any beame was in his owne eye, 
K 2 when 



Rot :claus : 7. E:3 
m : 13 in dorfo 
pro priore de lewes 



82 

Butler in prima 
editione. 



the pope. 



A6t of parliament 
3i:H:8: 



Selden 

See doctor 

Mountegu his 

booke agaynfl 

Selden. 

See alfo S' James 

Semple : 



68 



€f)c %.iyic^ of tftc 23crhricp^ 



1 170 



when thus hee quarrelled at the moth in his lord and patrons ; CfjC church of Wotton 
Carta in Caftro becometh voyd, The Abbot prefents one Wittm Clarke to the Bifhop of Worcefter, 
^ "^ (within whofe Dioces it then was) whom the Bifhopp admitteth to the fayd church 

and to her two Chappells of Simondfall & Nibley, vppon condicon (accordinge to 
the fimonicall contra6l aforehand made) ^tjat hee fhould duringe his incumbency 
pay an yearly penfion of three markes to the faid Abbot and Covent out of the fame 
benefice, for the better feedinge of himfelfe and his monckes, accordingly was 
inftituted and indu6led. 



Carta in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 



83 



%nti by an other Deed of the fame tyme, This Bifhop of Worcefter (faith this 
other Deed) taking confideration of the honeft converfation of this Abbot and 
Cannons, and of the poverty of theire houfe, and of theire diligent care afwell in 
receivinge ftrangers, as in nourifhinge of poore people, doth take theire whole 
houfe, churches, and ecclefiaflicall goods, into his prote6lion ; And to the end, the 
benefitts of charity which from the firft | foundation of theire houfe have bene 
beftowed on them, might more abundantly to gods honor be dilated, doth by his 
epifcopall authority grant vnto them that they may convert to their proper vfe the 
fruits of the churches of Berkeley, Wotton, Almondefbury and Afhelworth for the 
fuftentation of the faid Cannons, receivinge of guifts, and releefe of poore people, 
fauing alwayes the dignity of the Church of of Worcefter, and honeft fuftentation of 
the vicars fervinge in the faid churches : 5Jnt)Cr which pretext, theis fower noble 
Advowfons w'^ theire chappells were appropriated to that monaftery and to the 
feeding of the monkes bellies, more worth then one thoufand pownds by the yeare 
at this daye : ^tltl, three of the Cures in thofe great and populous parifhes, nowe 
ferved by poore hirelings with beggerly ftipends ; 'Ci)i$f with thofe religious men in 
the fence of thofe tymes, was noe offence in comparifo of this lords digging a little 
morfell of Berkeley Church yard in a needfull tyme, to a neceffary vfe, leavinge the 
refidue of more then a fufficient largenes : And nowe I returne : 



CljijflE Caftle of Berkeley by this lord Maurice thus enlarged and fortified, 
became his dwelling houfe. And hee from Somerfetftiire & Midlefex, became 
a Gloucefterftiire man ; And thenceforth his ftile or Name of Maurice the fonne 
of Robertt, began filently to flipp away from him, 3llnb hee alfo ftiled himfelfe 
Mauritius de Berkelei, Maurice of Berkeley and lord Maurice of Berkeley (as alfo 
the Deeds of other men did, which were made to him,) But the finall funerall of the 
SeefoL: [99, 100.] name of Harding, fee in the next life of Robert fonne of this lord Maurice. 



Stile changeth. 
Rot ; pip : in Sccio. 

divers : cartae in 
Caftro de Berkeley. 



ii89 



Uifc of ^a^uritt tljc fit0t 



69 



I^iirf 3CImc^ anb SDcuotion.tf 

JTlji.ef lord was founder of the hofi)it;dl of the Mafter and bretheren of 
Lorwinge, feated in the way betweene Berkeley and Durfeley, at this daye called 
Lorenge farme, endowing it with a competency of land, which in his deed of 
foundation, hee expreffeth to be done by him for the profperity and foules helth of 
his two yonger fonnes, Thomas and Maurice, which Thomas (by the death of his 
elder brother Robert without iffue) cominge afterwards to bee lord Berkeley, gave 
the fayd hofpitalt of Lorwenge to God and to the Abbot of S! Peeters of Glouc ; as 
being Prior of the Church of S! Leonard of Stanley, and to the Monkes of Glouc ; 
there ferving God ; IJCntl withall gaue divers other lands in Cowley for the love of 
God, and the foules health of himfelfe and of his anteceffors, 3Ilnll afterwards alfo 
in appeafinge of a Sute in an Affife of darreine prefentment rayfed by the fayd 
Abbot of S! Peters | againfl: him for the church of Slimbridge (under pretext of 
Roger of Berkeleis grant) which this Abbot nowe releafeth ; the fayd Lord agayne 
confirmed and made more perfitl; to the fayd Abbot and Covent of S5 Peeters, his 
former grant of Loringe, As by a Fine leavyed between them in the Nynth yeare 
of King Henry the third appeareth wherein the fayd lord agreeth to recompence 
with equal! value to the Abbot, if that of Lorwenge by his heires fhould be evi6led, 
which farme and lands are at this day more worth then 220''- per Ann. 



Aug : chart ; fol : 
S3. 54. in caRro 
de Berkeley. 

Carta in Caflro de 
lierkeley. 



Fine 9 : H : 3. in 
thes : receptSccij. 



Glouc: manufcript 
cu decano Glouc : 



84 



Fine. 9 : H : 3 in 
oftab : hillarij. 

Lorwenge. 



'Cf)tj6( lord was alfo founder of the hofpitall of S' Trinity of Longbridge at the Carta in Caftrode 
North end of Berkeley, The ruinous walls whereof I remember (landing amidfl the ^"^ ^ ^^' 
banckes of divers fifh ponds there, which for the moft part are nowe cultivated into iuxta Berkeley, 
a plaine meadowe ground, the inheritance of John Atwood : XOt^cttof^ take here 
togeather, all I knowe. 

Clpon the foundation of which hofpitall, it was agreed betweene this Lord carta in caftro 
Maurice, the Church of Berkeley, the Abbot of S' Auguftines, and the Pryor of this ^ •■ ^y 
hofpitall, That the Chaplein of this Hofpitall for the tyme being, called afterwards 
the pryor or Cuflos, fliould doe fealty to the Church of Berkeley in the prefence of 
the faid Abbot and of this lord their heires and Succeffors, And (hould doe noe 
damage to the faid Church in offrings, Tythes, or other thinges which of parochial! 
right doe belonge to the faide Church of Berkeley : But that it fhall be lawfull for 
the Bretheren of the fayd hofpitall to have and retaine in the Feafts of S! John the 
Baptift and of bleffed Mary Magdalen, the Offerings of the parifhioners of Berkeley 
which came to thofe Feafts, 3lln& that the fayd Bretheren fhall have their owne 
fepultures there, And that the fayd Abbot fhall bee their vifitor and Corredlor. 

atftcrtoacbii 



70 €ljc %Voc0 of tJ)c ^evMci^0 1170 

Carta in Caftro de 5llftcrtortrllSf the lord Maurice, this Lords grandchilde in y' tyme of King 

Henry the third, for the health of his owne foule, and of Ifabell his wife, and of 
their parents, anteceffors, and fucceffors, gave divers other landes in the parifh of 
Berkeley to this hofpitall, to the end they fliould finde a Chaplen to fing in their 
hofpitall for their Soules, which if hee fayled at any tyme to doe, they fliould for 
every Offence forfeite fix loaves of white bread of their proper goods, which fhould 
bee diftributed to the vfe of poore people for the good of the foules aforefaid. | 

85 Sftt t|)C fortieth yeare of the fayd Kinge, Anno . 1255 . vpon newe controverfies 

Regiflrm : Wigorn arifeing, an other compofition was made for the further indemnity of the Church of 
" ■ " ■ ■ Berkeley, That all the feculars in the hofpitall of Longbridge, exceptinge a Cooke, 
and one perfon to kepe fick folkes, fliould in the fpetiall folemne dayes, come to 
Berkeley Church, and there fhould receive all the ecclefiaflicall Sacraments, (except 
holy bread and holy water^) vnles it bee by the difpenfation and leave of the Vicar 
of Berkeley for the tyme beinge. 

Regiftrm jpotDCttCtlC yeares after this in the fower and fiftieth yeare of the falde Kinge 

Wigornie. . . , 

Henry the third, Anno. 1269. An other controverfy arofe betweene this lord, and 

the Bifhop of Worcefter which of them fhould prefent to this hofpitall, wherein the 
agreement at lafl; was made, That the fame beinge now voyd, this lord Maurice 
fhould firft prefent, and the Bifliop the next turne, And foe each of them by alter- 
nate courfes, the faide lord and his heires, and the faid Bifhop and his Succeffors : 
In which agreement, the ftile of the lord is, Nobilis vir Mauricius de Berkeley, And 
that the prefentation fhould runne, ad cuftodiam five curam hofpitalis san6lae 
trinitatis de Longbridge extra Berkeley, To the Cuflody or cure of the hofpitall of 
S' Trinity of Longbridge without Berkeley. 

Carta in Caflro de '^tX the xxiij'^ yeare of King Edward the third, the lord Maurice the fourth 

Berkeley, ^f ^^^^ name, gave to this Hofpitall, All his meffuages, lands and Tenements in 

Arlingham, or elfewhere within the hundred of Berkeley which hee had purchafed 

Carta in caflro of Richard Ferror, SUlttJ in the fame yeare, fomewhat increafed his liberality to the 

de Berkeley, f^yd hofpitall with the guift of ij? vj? rent out of the lands of John Neell in Wanifwell, 

and of certaine lands in Berkeley, and enioyned the Pryor and Bretheren of this 

Hofpitall 
1 The " Holy Bread " here mentioned is not the bread for the Holy EuchariR or, as it is fometimes 
called, the " finging bread,'' but the " Eulogia " or " Holy loaf," which was made of ordinary bread, and 
cut up and diRributed to the people by the Priefl after the Mafs was finifhed. " Holy Water" was the 
water bleffed by the Priefl and placed in the Roups at Church doors with which the people crolTed them- 
felves on entering the Church. [Ed.] 



1 1 89 aifc of iH^nuncc tl)c fir^t 

Hofpitall, to celebrate yearly the aniverfary day of his Father, And then to 
dillribute to euery Chaplen there, one penny; And amongll the Clarkes two pence; 
And to the poore fix pence; And upon the Aniverfary daye of himfelfe to diflribute 
to everie Chaplen one penny, And amongfl the Clarkes two pence ; And to the 
poore thirteene pence, And vpon every of the Aniverfary dayes of Eli5abeth his 
wife, and of Katherine lady Berkeley, And of S' Nicholas Poyn3, And of S' Tho: 
Dittewell Chaplen of our lady of Berkeley, to dillribute to every Chaplen one penny 
And to the Clarkes two pence ; And upon fayling of theis duties. This Lord and 
his heires to re-enter, And to have his lands agayne. 3tlllJ in the xxv'l' yeare 
increafed his former liberalities by the guift of a meffuage in Berkeley to the faid 
hofpitall, for the more ample pformance of the faid | deuotions. 



71 



86 



3[ntf)C fower and fortieth of King Edward the third, Nicholais Jeffrais cuflos pat:44. E:3pars.2 

ITI ; 8. 

hofpitalis fctae trinitatis de longbridge iuxta Berkelay, And Thomas Munday parfon 
of Beckbrooke in Lincolnefhire, exchanged benefices ; whereby Mundy had this of 
Longbridge, whom the kinge prefented by reafon of the minority of Thomas lord 
Berkeley his ward. 

IBintarn Marquis Berkeley by his laft will made in the feauenth of Kinge Vltima Volunt 
Henry the feaventh, ordayned that his Executors fhould purchafe two and twenty Barkeley in reg : 
markes rent by the yeare to find two preifls in this Chappie of longbridge, whereof London : 
one to finge in Trinity Chappie there, And the other in the Chappie of Berkeley 
Church, where his Father and his fonne S^ Thomas lye bur)^ed, or els that his rent 
of two and twenty markes out of Frampton vpon Seaverne bee difpofed to thee 
performance of the fame, And that his Executors fhould fpend one hundred markes 
in buildinge of an houfe here at Longbridge for two preifts to inhabite in. And to 
laye out forty markes more to buy veflments and Ornaments for the faide Chappie, 
And (hould purchafe a pardon from the Court of Rome, as large as may bee had, 
for this Chappie, from evenfonge to evenfonge, in the feaft of S! Trinity for ever, 
for pleyne remiffion to them that will be confeffed and contrite, And there then fay, 
three pater nofters, and three Aves, for his foule, and for the foules aforefaid. 



f^i^ hofpitall being diffolved and cominge into the Kings hands by the 
Statute of Chantries made in the firft yeare of King Edward the fixth, was after- 
wards by the tres Patents of Oueene Eli5a5abeth dated the xxxi'I' of December in j y^^ Sc~io 
the fourth yeare of her raigne, granted to Edward Warner and his heires, wherein is cum rem thes: 
recited howe the fayd Quene by her former tres patents dated the fifteenth of 

September 



72 



€f)c Hibc^ of ti)c '^ctMt^0 



I T70 



September in the third of her raigne, had granted the fame to Ralph Sheldon and 
the faid Edward Warner and their heires, by the name of all that Priory, free 
Chappie, or hofpitall of Longbridge, in Longbridge, Slimbridge, Durfely, Nibley, 
Came, Arlingham, and Barkeley in the County of Glouc ; To hold of the Manor of 
Cart- irrot in Cane ^^ greenwich in free Socage. 31111 which S' Edward Warner by Deed inrolled 
87 dated the tenth of January, Anno quarto Eli3 : fold to Nicholas | Purfloe and 
William Buckbert, And they by like Deed inrolled dated the xxiij"" of the fame 
Month to Richard Denis Efq3 who after alyened the fame to the feuerall Tenants 
and theire heires that nowe hold the fame, Ijllnll hauinge nowe finifhed with this 
hofpitall, I proceede with this lords further Almes and devotions. 



Rot : fin : 7. Jottis 
pars 2. Midd : 



€i)ijS lord gave all the lands hee had in Middlefex to the Bifhoprick of 
Landaffe, for which Wittm the Bifhop there anfwered King John efcuage in the 
Seaventh of his raigne. 



Carta in Caflro I^cc alfo gave to the Abbot and Menkes of Kingefwood part of his water 

e er eey j-unnynge by their Monaflery, and part of his land of Wotton, for the inlarginge of 

theire Monaftery; which grant the lord Robert his fonne much afterwards enlarged, 

for the health of his owne foule, his wives, his Fathers, his Mothers, and of his 

Anteceffors and heires. 



Carta in Caftro 
de Berkeley 



Newl : pedeg : 

Roftt de Ricart 

cm maiore BriRoll 

fo : 5. 6. 7. 

Carta in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 



%i0a this lord gave to God and to our lady and to the Hofpitall of S' John 
Baptift in Radeclyve by Bryfloll, the rents of divers lands there with the revertions 
thereof, for the health of the foules of his Father, Mother, himfelfe, wife, children, 
and Anteceffors : bilict^ others were the Almes and devotions of this lord Maurice 
to many religious places, but all of them foe turned from the Monafkery of S! 
Augufline, as plainly declared his fetled diflike of that Abbots ingratitude with the 
vndervalewing of himfelfe, (fonne and heire to theire founder ;) which donations 1 
nowe feeinge but in glimpfes (as it were) through the fpeflacles of tome papers, I 
here omit, And the rather becaufe I fee thofe lands by the change of tymes, turned 
to lay inheritances, and the returne of the givers memoriall, quite negledled and 
forgotten. 

J^ijBf 3©ife 

d)e wife of this Lord Maurice, was Alice the eldeft daughter of Roger de 
Berkeley Lord of Durfeley, whom he maryed at Briftoll according to the fore- 
mentioned agreem', whereby their parents became attoned, with whom he had the 

Manor 



ii89 



Uifc of a^aiiriff rt)f fit0t 



73 



Manor of Slimbridge, the antiente inheritance of her father, of the valewe of tenn 

pounds by the yeare ; IDI)ic{) by length of foe long a poffeffion runninge ever fince 

with the Manor and Barony of Berkeley, and lyinge within the fayd Manor, 

hundred, and Leet of Berkeley, is nowe and foe for divers ages part, hath bene 

reputed a member and parcell of the fayd Manor and Barony, which | at the tyme 88 

of the faid agreement was not foe : 3IlnD the faid Alice at the tyme of her mariage 

had affured to her for her life twenty pownd land by the yeare out of the Manor of 

Berkeley 23p her hee had iffue fix fonnes and one daughter, of whome hereafter ; 

i&hfC furviued her hufband, and lyved till extreame old age, and dyed his widowe ; Cartae in Caflro 

o ^ ^g Berkeley 

And did foe reverently efteeme of her Hufbands memory after his death, That in 

her conveyances (whereof many yet remayne) Shee neuer mentioned the name of 

her Hufband, but fhee annexed the adiuncft of my lord Maurice ; And quod dns 

meus Mauritius dedit ; And pro falute animae domini mei Mauricij, And the like. 

<<&t)(t was a lady of great vertue. And went to her grave loaden w'"* many good Carta in Cafljo 
workes ; And amongfl others, To Elia the fonne of Toky her nurfe, fhee gave a ^^' 

meffuage and halfe a yard land in Slimbridge in ffee fimple, And to haue her grift 
ground toll free at hir mill there next after her owne corne that then fhould bee upon 
the mill in grindinge. 



i^Co <l5up fonne of Roger de Vilers her fervant, fhee gave an other meffuag 
and yard land there in ffee fimple, To hold by paym' of a paire of guilt fpurs. Co 
l@pOt de Vilers an other fervant fhee gave a meffuage and yard land in Cowly 
in ffee fimple to hold by payment of one pound of comin : jCo t^t Monaftery of S' 
Auguftines fhee gaue diuers houfes and lands in Radcliveftreet in Briftoll, Togeather 
alfo with the great new ftone houfe there which her hufband gaue to her in ffee, and 
dwelt in. Co Hobttt her eldeft fonne, fhee conveyed her Manor of Slimbridge being 
her owne franke mariage, ne annimus fuus in pofterii perverteretur, vt alium quam 
Robertum filium fuum hereditare vellet, leaft her mind fhould change, and an other 
then Robertt her fonne bee thereof made heire ; whereby fhee deftroyed that 
entayle, which was found by Jury in the Comon pleas in the xxxix*^ yeare of Queene 
Elizabeth vpon a tryall in a writt of partition for this Manor, whereof read more in 
the life of Henry Lord Berkeley, And as is before touched in the life of Harding. 
Co iJCt fonne Thomas alfo, fhee gave lands in Radecliveftreet aforefaid at feverall 
tymes, part before, and part after her guift to the fayd Monaftery. Co William her 
fonne fhee gaue alfo lands in Berkeley parifh which fhee bought of William Heiron. 
SttnlJ foe alfo fhee dealt with the reft of her fonnes, by | conveyinge to each of them 

L feveral 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 
Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 

Aug: chart: fol: 
187. 

Carta cum Decano 
BriftoU 



See fol : 



fol : 10. 

Aug : chart : fo : 

187. 

Carta in Caflro 

de Berkeley 



89 



74 



€1^6 HibcjBf of ti^t 2Bcrhdcpjef 



1 1 70 



Newl : pedegre 

5: H: 7: in Caftro 

(le Berkeley: 



feveral parts of fuch poffeflions as fhee had from her Father, or by her owne pur- 
chafes. 311nll with Hke devotion in other guifts fhee remembred other rehgious 
houfes, which brevity calls me from, (©f l)CC Abbot Newland hath thus ; Alice the 
wife of this lord Maurice, lord of Berkeley was the daughter of Roger of Berkeley 
Baron of Durfely which was of the bloud of S' Edward the Confeffor ; And this 
mariage was made at Briflowe in prefence of King Steven, and of Harry Duke of 
Normandy ; Soe the Abbott 

Venit iterum qui te in lucem reponet dies 
If weomen all were like to thee. 
Wee men for wives fhould happy bee. 



m0 S^^uc 

I. 2. Utobctt and 'C{)Oma$( the two eldeft were Lords, and followingly haue the 
relation of theire lyves at large. 



3. ill^auncc the third fonne (befides his Mothers faid guifts) had from his 
Carta in Caftro Grandfather Roger Berkeley of Durfly Lorwinge Farme and litle mead in Gofmg- 



de Berkeley. 



ton ; 3lln& from this Lord Maurice his father, diuers lands in Hinton and Came. 



Carta in Caftro 3lln& from his brother the Lord Robert, hee had Foxcote Manor, in preferment 

de Berkeley, ^j. j^jg j^ariage if hee fhould haue iffue by his wife, if not, to revert to the right 

Aug: chart: fol: 54 heires of the faid Robert; Cf)i^ Maurice had iffue Thomas, to whome his father 

^ ^^ in ^Caftro de P^*^ ^^^^ ^is lands of Hineton and Came, But hee dyinge without iffue, the fame 

Berkeley, reverted to the next Thomas lord Berkeley his next heire : Hee dyed the viij'"' of 

January towards the end of King Henry the third. 



Carta in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 



fine. 7. R: i in 

Abbacia weftmer : 

90 

Rot pip. 9 R: 2 
Glouc : in Sccio. 

Rot. pip. I. Jofeis, 
Somerfett : 



4. J0iniani the fourth fonne was a knight, who (befides this Mothers guifts 
aforefaid) had from his father the moytie of his Manor of Gofington in the parifh 
of Slimbridge parcell of his Manor of Berkeley, To hold by the fourth part of a 
Knights fee, which my felfe having the laft yeare purchafed of John Goldefborowe, 
have this yeare . 1618 . in the xvj''' of Kinge James, made agayne fale thereof 
to diuers pticular perfons, whereby I have increafed the number of homagers, to the 
further | honor and benefit of the caftle of Berkeley, 51nll likewife this S' William 
had from his Father the manor of Portbury, which afterwards by a fyne leavyed in 
the Seaventh of Richard the firft, hee exchanged with the lord Robert his elder 
brother, for the other moytie of Gofington, Sintl this is the firfl fine I have met 
withall of any part of y' Manor of Berkeley ; Howbeit, it is misfiled vnder the 
title of Coin Dorfett. '€^ 



1 1 89 Uifc of vlli^tmricc tfjc fic^t 75 

CljiflJ S' Wittm had alfo the manor of Childecott in the County of Derby, ptita. 7. R: i. et 
1 1-11 ri 1 1 iiir /---e c 9 Joliis in banco, 

about the title whereoi hee underwent a longe and troblelome luit in y tymes 01 

King Richard the firfl;, and King John, which William de Kanvill in right of 

Albreda his wife daughter of Jeffery Manmion, queftioned againfl; him. 

5. 6 ©Clirp and lUicljflrll the fifth and fixth fonnes had forraigne fortunes: Fabian fol: 

many Hiftories and records doe witnes, That King Henrye the fecond havinge in ^'°^^- ^°' *'7 

battle taken Wittm King of Scots prifoner, did in the twentieth yeare of his raigne , ^'^ °' '^^ 

. , . . . . Math. Pans 

(after he had bin w'"' him in Normandy and in his warrs in Franncc) releafe him ^vendover 

for . 4ooot. ranfome ; whoe in his returne into Scotland, with the good lykinge of 
Kinge Henry, tooke with him many of the yonger fonnes of Noble men of Eng- 
land that bare him good will (faith the hiflories) as Berkeley, Brewfe, Mowbray 
Hay, Ramfey, and others ; To whom King William gaue lands in Scotland, which 
hee tooke from fuch as were rebells to him there : <©f which number of gendemen 
thus changing theire countr)', were theis two bretheren, Henry and Richard, 
whome I fuppofe. King Henrye the fecond for the fingular affection hee bore to 
their Father & Grandfather fpetially recomended ; <©f whofe pofterities, or of one 
of them, is often honorable mention in the warres, [treaties of peace, embaffages, 
travelling in pilgrimages, hoftages,] ranfominge of prifoners, and the like paffages ; 
which in Succeffion of tymes haue bene betweene the kingdomes of England, 
Scotland, Ireland, and France, wherein by theire feuerall names of Patricius de 
Berkeley, Walter de Berkeley knight de Kerduan, John de Berkeley, John fonne of 
John de Berkeley, Dauid de Berkeley, miles, Hugh Berkeley fcutifer, John de 
Berkeley de Houborne in Glendale, | Benedi6l Berkeley de Bodan, and others, 91 
they haue in feverall ages bene feuerally imploy'd. And haue bene owners of faire 
Seigniories and poffeffions, as the records hereunder vouched exprefly declare, viz' 
Rot. Scotiae. 24. 25. et 28. E : i. in dorfo : / claus : 24. E : i m : 7 : / claus : 25 
E : I. in dorfo : / breuia regis. 29. E : 3. pars. 2. / RoL Scotise. 32. E : 3. m 4. / 
Rot. Scotiae. 30 et 31. E : 3. in dorfo. / liber pa'liam' in turre london. 35. E : 3. / 
[Rot. Scotiae 37 E : 3 m 2 & 5 :] / Rot. Scotis. 40. E : 3 : / Rot. pardon. 21. R : 2 : 
et Rot. Scotiae 8, 9. 10. 1 1. H : 6. m. / 1 1. / %nti Allexander Berkeley de Brethin in 
Scotland was in the 27''' yeare of Henry the fixth made by the faid Kings tres Rot: pat: 27. H: 6 
patents a free denizen of England, and gave his oath of fealty and allegiance to bee ^^^^ ^' ™' ^^" 
thenceforth the Kings true fubieft, at that tyme abiding in London ; But what 
became of his poflerity I finde not. ^nb of theis are difcended thofe familyes in 
Scotland, Ireland, and France, which theare beare the firnames of Berkeley at this 
day. 1626. with litle or noe variation in the Orthography of their names; Some 
L 2 of 



76 



€I)e Uitocjef of tfft 25crhdep^ 



1 1 70 



of whofe witty and learned workes, as Berkeley his Argenis, and contra monarcho- 
macos, and de poteflate papae, with others, wee not vnwillingly [read at this day.] 

Carta in Caflro 7- '^lJ^ daughter of this lord Maurice, was maried to Ofbert Gifford k', by 

de Berkeley, whome hee had iffue, Ofbert Gifford and others, which Ofbert became Servant to 

fine roll. 8 H: 3! Ki"g Henry the third in the Eighth yeare of his raigne, and long held in fpetiall 

favor with him, as m^ny records (witneffes of the kings liberality) doe poynt vnto vs. 

iCIj0 feale, which this lord Maurice vfed, was like unto that of his father, 
having the impreffion of a knight armed and mounted as for prefent onfet in the 
warrs, of bredth three inches and more, with theis words in the vtter circumference, 
Sigilt : Mauric : de Berket : Behold the figure. 



92 



New! : ped : et tres 

alij in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Carta. R : i fub 

figillo in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Rot pip: in Sccio 

2. 3. 4. et 7 R: I. 

Glouc : 




1$i0 SDcart) nnb ^late of S^uriall 

3111 humaine flefhe is graffe, and needs muft fade, 
Co earth agayne, whereof it firfl was made. 

'^EijijS Maurice fate Lord Berkeley eighteene yeares fower Monthes and eleaven 
dayes after the death of his Father, And dyed the fixteenth day of June, Anno. 1 189 
in the firft of King Richard the firft, And lyeth buryed in the parifh Church of 
Braynford feaven miles weftward from London, At the firft building whereof he was 
a fpetiall benefaftor, which the Armes over the porch doore of that Church, yet to 
bee feene, may witneffe to bee true ; Howbeit upon a newe repaire of the place, the 

fame 



ii89 



%ik of a^fluriff tf)c f hrjaft 



77 



fame were with fome variation and addition of Coates, in the dayes of William nova promifla 

Ncwl ■ Dcd D^did^ 
Marques Berkeley of newe engraven, As the Coates therein quartered doe manifeft. 

Maurice de Berket gift ycy, 

dieu de fa alme eyt mercy 
But whereas the Regifter booke with the Bifhopps of Worcefter, feemeth to fay, Regifi wigorB. 
That this lord Maurice fliould in the year. 1207. (which was Anno none Regis 
JotSis) prefent Simon de Berkeley then an infant to the Church of Slimbridge, The 
Cuftody whereof the Bifhopp then comitted to Walter Birton till Simons full age, It 
is certainly a miflake in the figures, for this lord was dead more then eightene 
yeares before, And his fonne that fucceeded in his barony had bene foe longe in 
poffeffion thereof, as after in his life appeares. 

€l)c Eanb^Bf taJfjcrcof l^c bpcb ^ei^t^. 

25p ttfl^ lord Maurice his death, difcended to Robert his eldeft fonne, the 
Manor of Berkeley burrowe, Hame, Apleridge, Alkington, Hinton, Hurft, Slim- 
bridge, Came, Cowley, Wotton, Simonfall, Arlingham, Gofington, and Ewly in the 
County of Glouc : whereof Slimbridge came by Frank manage with his wife, and 
Apleridge, by his owne purchafe 5ln& alfo the manors of Portbury, Bedminfler, 
and Radecliffe in the County of Somerfett. | 

SIlnD the Manor of Bray in the County of Devon, which he leaft to Thomas 93 
his fecond fonne for life. To which conveyance the Bifhop of Landaffe, the Abbot ^^^ *j" Caftro 
of S' Auguflines, the prior of Lanthony, and Witim Earle of Salifbury are wittneffes. 

3llnb the manor of Foxcote in the County of Glouc : which hee purchafed of Carta in Caftro 
Humphry de Bohun Coneftable of England, To hold by halfe a kn'? fee, which ^ ^^ ^^^' 
King Henry the fecond confirmed ; which Manor hee alfo fomewhat inlarged by 
other parcells purchafed of Baldwine de Ekefwike. 



311nb alfo the manor of Pourton ats Pirton in the, fayd County of Glouc. ; which carta in caftro 

de Berkeley. 
hee purchafed of the faid Humphry de Bohun, To hold by the fifth part of a 

knights fee. 

3CnD the Manor of A6lon in the County of Glouc. 

%& for the Manor of Hannam by Bitton and halfe an hide in Hampton which P*"^ ^t Jurata 

^^'^ •' ^ 15. E: I. rot: 29: 

were purchafed of Richard Foliat, hee alyened Hannam to Robertt de Hannam, inrec:Sccij. 
and Hampton to an other. Sfilltl 



78 ^e %i\ie0 of ti^e S^crftriepjef 1 1 70 

^Clltl held alfo diuers houfes lands and Tenements within the walls of Briftoll, 
which by the lord Robertt his fonne were fhortly after given to the Abbott of 
S' Auguflines. 

%V^ what further lands hee leaft to his eldeft fonne by difcent, or what more 
were the actions of his life, or guifts to monafteries, devouringe tyme hath fo 
bereaft mee of the meanes to knowe, That it might almofl repent mee to have 
walked in the tedious travell of theis generations foe long fince pafl;, which whofo- 
ever undertakes in the like, fhall doubtleffe finde the waye longe and thorny, the 
path overgrowne, and hardly difcerneable, the guides fewe to dire6l, and thofe 
fpeakinge in divers languages, as I have done. 

€1^ 5lppUcation anb u^t of Ijisf %ik 

The vfe. I. CfjC life of this lord, may inflru6l his pofterity to bee tender in medlinge 

with the levites portion, or things dedicated to gods fervice ; Not to take offence at 
the contentions or lewd lyves of Clergy men ; nor to efleeme the worfe of the 
foode though it bee difhed vnto us in earthen veffells ; efpetially not to fuffer the 
obfervation of their humane frailtyes to with-hold our devotions from working 
. charitably for the better Comforte of our owne foules. | 

94 2. 3llgainc, from this lord his pofterity is taught to beare private iniuries with 

patience, for neuer was any innocent man wronged, but if patiently hee bare his 
croffe, hee overcame in the end : nobile vincendi genus eft patientia, vincit qui 
patitur : Si vis vincere, difce pati ; And that if theire good name bee wounded, to 
beare that alfo with patience, for hee that at the laft day will give thy body a 
refurredlion, will as fure, in his good tyme, grant a refurre6tion to thy good name. 

3. ^SlgainC, it maye from this lord not vnprofitably bee noted. That his life hath 
declared his iuft diflike conceived againft the Abbott and Covent of S? Auguftines ; 
his loue to his wife ; and his guift to her of divers lands, and of the onely houfe 
hee had to dwell in, before hee had fitted Berkeley Caftle; And howe his wife after 
his death gave that houfe and lands to thofe whom her hufbands laft breath feemed 
to hate ; And thence to inferr, That (notwithftandinge her other vertues) ftiee was 
a woman, refemblinge the widowe of King Edward the fourth, whom flattery and 
faire wordes wonne to deliver over her deereft fonnes to the cuftody of her mortall 
enemy, Richard the third, called the vfurper; whoe before had brought deftru6lion to 
hir deereft kindred, as after hee did to her fonnes; And thereupon to comend to the 

confideracon 



1 1 89 3lifc of a^nurifc tl^c jfirjst 79 

confideracon of the prefent lord George (in whom this his Anceftor lyveth, and 
whofe errors ought to bee his Caveats) That his care bee rayther to bee beloved of 
his wife, then himfelfe to bee foe befottcd on her, as to leave the difpofeinge of thofe 
lands to her, which were ordayned to maintayne his owne images and pofterity, 
which are not vnlikely to bee turned a contrary and vnfavory way. As by this 
example (from a woman otherwife prayfeworthy) hee feeth ; And to remember 
withall, That what is leaft to our wiues after our death longer then for theire 
widdowhood, is given to Strangers, and often tymes to an Enemy, at leaft to one 
that will fpend with ioye and eafe, what wee haue fpared and gotten with care and 
travell ; And not to enable our wiues to fly to the ioyes of a fecond bedd, with thofe 
feathers which death hath pulled from our wings ; And fpetially to remember, that 
our houfe and eftate, liveth after death in our fonnes, not in our wiues. 

4. ^gahtC) the paffage betweene the Abbot and this lord concerning the 
Church yard of Berkeley, may inftru6l, not too rigidly to prefs the execution of 
a fentence obtayned againft our aduerfary by exa6ling a ftri6l performance of each 
particular doome or fentence therein, as this inconfiderate Abbot did, whereby hee 
loft a great benefa6lor to his Monaftery, and made an Enemy of a frend, when a 
milder courfe might have reformed the evill, and kept this lord ftill his bountefull 
frend. | 

5. 311siltn(, this lord Maurice by the imployment of his yonger fonnes at home 95 
and abrode, And the fuccesfull multiplication of their pofterities both in this and 
other kingdomes, is an vfefull leffon to his pofteritye to avoyd pampheringe and 
idlenes in the education of yonger children, And not to fuffer a fond indulgence at 
home, to bereaue them of the knowledge of the world abrode, and of that 
experience, whereby Honor & wealth are gayned ; whereas for the moft part 
children in great familyes are foe long cockered by the mother, fmoothed by her 
maydes, and flattered by meniall fervants, thereby foe longe kept from knowledge 

of themfelves. That they enter the world, as children ; when a wife education might 
haue ripened them for equall honor to their elder brother, as with this lord it fell 
out : J^CC that will expeft a good harueft from the fruit of his owne loynes muft 
betymes in the fpringe, carefully till and weed his plants, And not when weeds have 
overgrowne and halfe choaked his ground, then begin to looke after the goodnes of 
his feed, and tillage of his land. 



96 blank 



jrini^ Sl^aunai filii iSoticrti filii l^arbmgi al^ diet, a^auricti be 25n:fedcp. 



1 



®l)c Cifc of Hobcrt tl)c Scconfi 



97 



€hc life of Robert lord Berkeley the fecond of that ^I'^erfa^ <:art?e in 

■' ftn Caflrodc'Berkeley. 

name, filled in writings, Robertus filius Mauricij ; 9llnti, Rot : pip : temp. 

Robert de Berket. ; 5lln&, Robert de Berket ; 3IInti, Robtus de R = '• ^t Jofiis. 

Berkeley And, dns Robertus de Berkelei ; And Robertus sc^cio.°°^'" 

filius Mauricij de Berkelai ; 5Ilnt>, Robertus de Berchelay ; Aug : chart :foi: 47. 

Sllnti, Robtus de Berclay 311nli may bee called, Robert the "^ ' ^°' ^'' 

rebellious. 

Contcmjjorarp with King Richard the firft, Kinge John, and 

part of Kinge Henry the third, from the yeare . 1 189. to the 

yeare . 1220. 

IBIjo.sc life I lay dovvne vnder theis titles. 

I. — J^tjf birth and education fol : 98. 

2. — d)C Confirmations of the Manor and Barony of Berkeley . fol : 
98. 99. 

3. — Clje name of i^atbhlg dyed fol : 99. 

4. — CfjC name of Berkeley firft affumed fol : 99. 100. 

5. — J^iiS Almes and devotions, fol : 102. 

6. — J^iial foundinge the Hofpitall of S' Katherines fol : 105 . 106. 

7. — j^jief mifcellanies and various paffages . fol : 106, 

8. — ji^ijf rebellion againfl King John . fol : 1 10. 

9. — I^i^ wives fol : 1 16. 
10. — J^ijBf death and place of buriall fol : 117. 
II. — I^ijSf feales of Armes . fol : 1 18. 
1 2. — Cf^ lands whereof hee dyed feized . fol : 1 18. 
13. — C^ Application and ufe of his life : . 120. 

M ]^i0 



82 



€l)c %i\it0 of tt)c 25crfec!epjef 



1 189 



98 



Aug: chart: fo: 51. 

in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 



carta in Caflro 

de Berkelai. 

ptita de quo warr: 

Pafch. 15. E: i. 

rot. 12. 

in recept Sccij. 



J^tjEf 25ittf) anil €&ucation 

CE^iS Corb ^Obcvt was home about the Eleaventh yeare of Kinge Henry 
the fecond, And had his youths education for many yeares in the Court of 
that Kinge, till manhood came on ; and as probable may be gathered, the 
fayd Kinge for the affe6tion hee bare to Robert his grandfather, and to his father 
Maurice, tooke him from the knees of Father and Grandfather to his care and 
Education ffbr this lord Robert longe after in one of his Deeds of charity (whereof 
hee hath many) giveth to the Abbot of S' Auguftines divers lands in Arlingham 
& Alkingto, for the foules helth of his lord Kinge Henry the fecond, qui fe nutrivit, 
who nurfed and nourifhed him in his infancy, and of Kinge Richard and King 
John his lordes. 

(3rt)C xxvij'^ of September in the firft yeare of King Richard the firft, this lord 
obtayned of that Kinge a Confirmation to him and his heires, of the manor of 
Berkelai and of all Berkelai Herneffe which Kinge Henry his father gave to Robert 
fonne of Hardinge his grandfather, withall the appendices, as amply as the fame 
was in the tyme of Kinge Henry the firft his fathers Grandfather, Co l)0l& by five 
Knights ffcejef, what tyme hee received the homage of this Robert, faith the deed. 



Rot. pip : 2. 3. et 

4 R: I in Socio 

Glouc : 



Rot: pip: 7. R: I 
Glouc : in Sccio. 



5llntl it foe fell out in the firft yeare of King Richard the firft. Anno 1189. 
That as foone as the lord Maurice Father of this lord Robertt had a few Monthes 
after that Kinges acceffe to the Crowne, compounded for one thoufand markes for 
the Confirmation of his forefaid Charters, of Berkeley, That he dyed before pay- 
ment as hath bene fayde, by whofe death a Releefe became due to the Kinge, 
fol: [79] for which his fonne and heire this lord Robert then of full age paid one thowfand 
pound, which is entred in the pipe rolls, to bee, pro fine hereditatis fuae, for the fine 
of his inheritance, wherein all the favor hee then obtayned in payement of thee fayd 
Releefe, was to paye two hundred pownds in hand, and the reft by fowerfcore 
pownds a yeare : Howbeit that Kinge in the Seaventh of his raigne pardoned him 
five hundred Markes thereof, for his good fervice done to him in his warres. 

99 Sllnb this lord the xxviij'!" of November in the tenth of y" fame kinge | had 



Cartas in Callro another confirmation (or rather a conftat of the former) 
de Berkeley. ^ 



ailnti 



Hifc of Hohcvt rfjf i&cconb 



83 



SUltfl theis tres patents render this reafon thereof, for that the Kinges great Seepolicron:lib: 7 
Seale was lofl whileft he was prifoner in Aliemania in his returne out of the holy ' - 

lande, And nowe havinge a new feale fealeth this Deed therew'.'' 



3CnD the xviij*of Aprill in the firfl yeare of King John, (Richard the firfl being 
dead but twelve dayes before) this lord obtayneth an other confirmation to him and 
his heires of the fayd Manor of Berkelai, and of all the Berkelai-herneffe in like 
wordes as before, for which hee payd threefcore markes, as the pipe roll of the next 
yeare tell vs in theis wordes . Robertus de Berkelai reddit compum de 60 marcis 
pro cartis fuis confirmandis quas habet de rege Henrico de honore de Berkelai; 
Robert of Berkelai pays threefcore markes for the confirmacon of his Charters 
which hee hath from the grants of King Henry the fecond of the Honor of 
Berkelai : wherew'*' alfo accordeth the roll called oblata in the Tower, And then alfo 
the Kinge received his homage, as the Deed fheweth. 



Rot:cart:i.2.Jotiis 

jiars. 2. n" 100. 

Rot. in thcfaur: 

recept 

Carta in CaRro de 

Berkeley fubligillo 

Rot. pip: 2: Jotiis. 

Nova oblata : 

Glouc : 

ptita de quo warr. 

rafch : 15. E: i. 

rot. 12. 

honor de Berkelai. 

Oblata. I. Jotiis. 

m. i.n" 14. Glouc: 



Rot : cart: i. Joh: 
pdid: 



5Cnfi at the fame tymes, this lord procured the like confirmations from thee 
fayd twoe Kinges of his Manor of Bedminftree, purchafed by his fayd grandfather 
of Richard Earle of Glouc : ID{)ic|) done, Hee by the name of Robert de Berkeley 
fonne of Maurice, fonne of Robert, fonne of Hardinge, Confirmeth to Nigell of 
Kingefcote his Co3en and his heires, the Manor of Kingefcote, which Robert his honor de Berkeley, 
grandfather gave to Nigell his Grandfather in mariage with Aldena his daughter, 
recitinge both the fame Deed, and alfo the Confirmacon of Kinge Henry the 
fecond, both of that land, and of whatfoever els fhould bee given him out of the 
honor of Berkeley : To which firfl deed made by Robt fonne of Harding, the lady 
Eve his wife, and Maurice his eldefl fonne, are wittneffes. 



carta cu Anthonio 
Kingefcote de 
Kingefcote. 



See before fol:[7o] 



€l)e name of i^arbing bpcb, 3tnb rtjc name of 25crftricp ajfjefumrti 

^n tftc tyme of this Lord Robert, and in theis tymes of King Richard the firfl, 
and King John, quite dyed that appellation, or name of Harding ; And afwell this 
Lord himfelfe, as his brothers, nephewes and other neere kindred, affumed theire 
feconde names, or Sirnames, either from neerer Anceftors, or from fuch places 
where vfually they dwelt ; %^ Robert de Were, Maurice de Gant, Roger fit3 
Nicholl, Maurice de Came, John de Durfeley, Robert de Beoly, Elias de Combe, 
Roger de Newenton, and others, | All of them the fonnes of Berkeleyes, and 
difcended from the loynes of Robert fonne of Harding ; 25ut never any called, or 
written, or firnamed Harding, as his firname. 

M 2 ffor 



Claus : 29: H. 3. 

m: 19. 

paten : 30. H: 3. 

Fin: 30: H: 3. m: 

13- 

diuerfae Cartas in 

CaflrodeBerkeley. 

Burton : fol : 

100 

in Melton 

Mowbray. 



84 



€ijc %iMc0 of tijc 25crfericpief 



ffoc any man to affirme, That the Sirname or cogname of George nowe Lord 

Newl: ped: 3: H: Berl^gley is Harding, or Fitj Harding, (as fome of late have written) argueth they 

Berkeley, have not plowed in theis old feilds, 31lbt)0t Newland was the firll (in effe6l) that 

god-fathered this family with that name, But, I am fure, it never was approved by 

the parents, either at the font, nor at the Bifliops confirmacon; with which Abbot it 

was buryed, till ignorance hath of late agayne raked it out of the duft. CI)C name 

Anno: 1626. of the prefent Lo : George might afwell or more properly bee written, Georgius 

filius Thomae, or George Ap Thomas, or George Fit3 Thomas, becaufe Thomas 

was his Father, Or George Harrifon, or George Henries fonne, becaufe he was 

grandchild and heire to the late lord Henry. 

Hct none of this family doubt, but that theire antient market Towne, Manor, 
and Honor of Berkeley, gave them theire firname of Berkeley: CljC ffrench particle 
(be) but of late yeares omitted in the fufpenfion of the Barony as after followeth : 
5tt noe tyme hath any yonger fonne of the firfl Lord, or of his father, bene firnamed 
l^artlhtg or Fit3 I^arttiltg to this daye. |)cttI)Ct hath any yonger brother, or other 
male branch of this family inhabitinge in England, Scotland, France, or Ireland, 
had any other Sirname, then, Berkeley, in anye generation, otherwife then as is 
aforefaid, whereof I am moft affured. 



doftor John Wall 
of Chria Church 
in Oxford 1627. 



The Sermon hath 
terapus eget. 



% kamcll divine in his Epiftle dedicatory to the nowe Lo: George before a 
printed Sermon of his, hath lately told us, there is a bleffmge in this name, as that 
Berek-clie in the facred tongue, is dei benediftio, a bleffmg of god, whence hee 
would derive his. 3( VilU^t borrowe his leave to anfwere him out of a verfe in his 
owne Sermon. 

Non tali auxilio, nee defenfo[r]ibus iflis, nomen eget, 

Berkeley reie61:s an Hebrewe derivation 

A Saxon market Towne, hath gev'n his nomynacon. 



Cljcic name is derived from the place, And the place of two Old Saxon words, 
lOi Berk, which is birch ; and, lei which after, Verflegan, | is place. And foe from the 
place of birch trees (whereof the great, old, and worne flumps of many of that kind 
are yet there remayninge) or from, ley, which is water, a fcytuation moft agreeable, 
for three fourth parts (in the groves of thofe trees) compaffed therewith ; Co which 
later I rayther inclyne, becaufe all the neighboringe Townes of that termination, 
as Nibley, Bradley, Cowley, Durfley, Vley, Wortley, Alderley, Hillefley, Stanley, 
and others, haue rivers and brookes of waters runninge either through, or clofe by 

them. 



I2 20 jllifc of ftobcct t!)c i&cconft 85 

them, or both ; whereof more at large in my defcription of the hundred of Berkeley. 

25llt for the worthy Do6lors wifli, That del benediflio, being his name (as bee At this tyme in 

fayth) may alfo bee his portion, at leafl, his, viaticum, and condu(5l at home and 

abrode, I ioyne therein, with thanckfullncs for his prayer. %nti it may not vnfitly 

here bee noted. That there is not any other Towne or place found in England, 

either before, or for 160 yeares at leaft; after theis tymes, to have bene called by the 

name of Berkeley, nor any family called by the Sirname of Berkeley, other then 

fuch as are difcended from the lords of this market Towne of Berkeley, whofe 

difcents are in theis colledlions drawne downe from their firft Stock-fathers to the 

clofmg of this Hiftory: ipoVObcit, I am not ignorant that three or more families 

of note have of late yeares changed their names from Berdote, Bertelote, Bertlot, 

Bardet, Bartelot, Berklowe, Barkenlawe, to Berkeley, whom I leave to the Heralds 

Vifitations. 

5I11& it may heere bee noted alfo, That this family (in a kind of fmgularity) 

hath in their promotions to higher honor, rather Chofen to Dignifye and inoble claus. 37. E: 3. 

themfelves with their owne name, then with anye other name or place of honor. Fin:?. H:5. m: 

As appeareth in Wittm Lo : Berkeley created Vifcount, by the name of Vifcount ^- 3' 

Berkeley ; And after Marques, by the name of Marques Berkeley : ^ct I am not i. m. i 

ignorant, That a Manor place in New forreft in Hampfhire, iDoc that an other in pat^SS- E:3-pars. 

n ■ L c\ 3. m: 30. 37. 

Somerfetfhire neere Frome, |j)oc that ane other in the Diocefs of Worcefler fometyme Claus: 4. R: 2. 
belonging to the Priory Alien of Tickford, are called by the name of Berkelei, As ™' „. 
alfo a Manor in Wymondham called Berkeley Manor, 25ut all of them have had i m: 39. 
theire nomynation from this family and their feifins of them, as hundreds of others 
the like, from antient families have had. | 

IJCntJ withall I wifh this family to obferve the true orthography of their name, 102 
which is with the letter, E in each Tillable, And not with the letter: A, as Berkeley, 
not otherwife, J^citfjcr have I il^ene it once otherwife in more then three hundred 
yeares togeather in many thowfands of writeings, "2tlUj I am confident, That a longer 
Conftancye, hath not with leffe variation bene obferved in any Englilh family of 
three Sillables, whatfoever, 25ut to write (Barcklay) or any otherwife then (Berkeley) 
is to offer violence and iniuftice to this antient name, wherein to convince all con- 
tradiction, I have in the entrance lo each lords life fett downe the punftuall and 
precife manner of fpellinge and writinge of their names in the felfe fame letters, as 
was vfed in each of thofe lords dayes wherein they feverally lyved, in the records, 
Deeds, Accompts, Court rolls, and writings of theire owne tymes, mentioning them 

Berkeley 



86 



€|je Hibe^ of tijc ^txhtkp^ 



Berkeley hath bene a name in ages paft 
Still highly reverenc't and greatly grac't 

i^iiBf %\mc^ anb SDebotionjf 

]^auin0 fetled his eflate in his Barony with King Richard and King John 
as aforefayd, the next part of his life vntill his entry into rebellion was divided 
betweene his three howfes of Berkeley caflle, Portbury and Bedminfter, And in 
which of them foever, or where elfe, refidinge, fuch were his Almes and guifts of 
lands, to Abbyes, pryories, Hofpitalls and Chantries, That, beinge bound togeather, 
they would feeme equall to the maffy lumpe of his grandfathers donations at his 
foundation of S' Auguflines Monaftery by Brifloll, whereof fome of the principall 
nowe followe 



carta cum decano 

Briftoll. 

103 

Aug: chart:fol:45. 

46. 47. 48. 

Carta in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 



Carta in Caftro 

de Berkeley. 

Aug: chart: fo: 45. 



3(lftct the paterne of his pious Anceftors, hee not onely confirmeth to the 
Abbot of this Monaftery of S' Auguftines whatfoever had bene | before given by 
his grandfather (who to the honor of god had founded that houfe (faith his Deed) 
and after by his father, (recitinge the particulars of both their donations,) 25ut alfo 
himfelfe nowe giveth all his houfes, lands, and Tenements within the walls of 
Briftoll, which as the Deede expreffeth were many and greate, Coniuringe the 
Abbot and Covent to celebrate therefore yearly the Aniverfaryes of himfelfe and of 
Julyan his firft wife, and of Lucye his fecond wife, on the three feverall dayes of 
theire deaths, which the fayd Abbot and wholl Covent in a full affembly (called 
their chapiter) whereat the fayd lord in perfon was prefent amongft them, bound 
themfelves to performe, vnder the danger of Anathema, a curfe to befall them and 
their fucceffors, if they negleJled it ; CfjC firft ftraine of that kind, which any Deed 
mentioneth that 1 have met withall in this family 



Aug: chart: fol: 47. 
48. 119. 120. 



^l)i^ lord alfo gave to that monaftery divers lands and Tenements in his 
Manor of Hame, %v3i all his great wood called Iwecumbe ats Ewcombe in Nibley 
within his Manor of Wotton : And gave alfo to that monaftery all his land of 
Bagrugge lately by him purchafed of William Fremonte, fayinge (in his conveyance) 
That hee gave to them theis lands for their larger maintenance and better enter- 
tayninge of ftrangers. 



Carta in Caflro f^ct alfo further gave to that Monaftery a meffuage and yard land in Cowley, 

Aug- chart^fohT2 ^"<^ ^^^° ^'^ watermill of Berkeley neere lockfaft bridge, with the Cuftome and 

S3- mul6lure of his Caftle of Berkeley, 511nt) one meffuage and yard land neer adioyninge 
carta cu Decano 



Briftoll : 



to 



Sifc of !!!obrrt tf)c .^rconti 



87 



carta in caftro 
de Berkeley. 



to the faid Mill (which are at this daye the poffcffions of Machin and Bridger of the 
valew of 1 20" per Ann ; fayeing in his conveyance) That hee gave theis lands for 
the maintenance of twoe lampes to burne perpetually in the Church of the faid 
monaftery, the one before the high altar, and the other before the altar, whereat 
our ladyes maffe is celebrated. 

i^et further gave to that monaftery one other meffuage and yard land in 
Hulmancote in the parifh of Cowley (worth at this day . 70'!' per Ann) to buy two 
quarters of pure wheat yearly from thence, and wine, for oblations, for confecration 
of the body and bloud of our lord Jefus Chrift. Sfinti afwell in a full chapter in the 
fayd Monaftery as publikely at Berkeley Church caufed all thofe to bee excomu- 
nicated, that fhould in any age then after prefume to infringe this grant. 

Cl)iie( lord Robert gave alfo to the Church of Berkeley and our | bleffed lady 104 

thereof and for the maintenance of her feruice there, divers lands in that parifti as ^^^J- ':^^I^ ■![°' 44 
, , , , „ ^ Cart:mCaaro 

thee deeds doe tell us. de Berkeley: 

Co the monaftery of Bradenftocke, hee gave the manor of Weftcote which hee Rot : cart: 16. H: 
had bought of Peter of Vley, in pios vfus, as aforefayd. 3 m : 6. 

Co the monaftery of our bleffed lady Mary of Kingefwood by Wotton, this lord Carta in Caftro 
for the foules helth of himfelfe and of his two wives Julian and Lucy and of his Berkeley. 
Anteceffors and Succeffors, gave one yard land in his Manor of Wotton, at Swiny, 
and the watermill and lands adioyninge which Richard Bisford then held. To which 
Deed are one and twenty witneffes. Theis are worth. i6o''.- per Ann at this day. 



Co the fame Monaftery of Kingefwood, this lord for the foules health of his 
fayd wife Julyan, gave alfo one meffuage and yard land in Pockhampton in Hinton, 
and pafture for feaven fowes and one bore with their piggs of one yeare old, and 
pafture for fifty fheep amongft his tenants there, And certaine fifhinge places in 
Seaverne neere Chifelhungre, and freedome to fifti in the fayd River with their 
boats and nets in length & bredth as farr as his dominion extends. 

Co the fayd Monaftery of Kingefwood, this lord alfo gave a water Mill and 
divers lands adoiyninge at Wortley : And the land called Bradpen, and pafture for 
one hundred fheep at Wortley, with divers lands, and rents there ; 3llnt> his pretious 
gold ringe, et alia multa bona, and many other good things, ad. fabricam ecctiae, to 
the fabricke of the Church there as the words of an old regifter are. 



Carta in Caftro 
de Berkeley: 



Cartulog : de 
Kingfwood in 
Caflro deBerkeley : 

Vetus regiftr. in 
Caftro deBerkeley. 



88 €l)e Hibcjef of tfjc 25crhricpiSf 1 1 89 

Carta in Caflro %Vii alfo gave to the fayd Monaftery fower yard land at Erlingham, and divers 

perticular fifhings there ; halfe a yard land at Ryham ; his newe mill at Berkeley 
and one yard land neere theirto ; And one yard land at Hulmancote ; and one yard 
land at Swonhunger ; And his wood called Iwecombe, and all his land within and 
without the walls of Briftoll, And the lands that were Maurice his brothers. 

Aug : chart : fol : Cl^j^ lord alfo founded a Chantree in his Chappie at Portbury where his 

refidence often was, makeing an agreement with the Abbot of S' Auguftines, howe 
the Offeringes given at the faid Chappie fhould bee divided, betweene the faid 
Chantry preift, and the mother Church of Portbury, which belonged to the fayd 
Abbot : I 

105 'C|)i^ lord alfo gave to the priory of Stanley which was a Cell to the Abby of 

Carta in Caftro S' Peters of Glouc ; a water mill and divers lands in Cowley, worth fowerfcore 
de Berkeley. , . ^ i • i 

pounds per Ann at this day. 

duae Cartse in 5llnb to the Priory of Sudwike, this lord gave divers Tenements in the Towne 

o e er e ey. ^^ Berkeley, which afterwards the Prior and Covent therof fold to the Abbot of 
S' Auguftines. 

Carta in Caflro %VSi to the bretheren of the Hofpitall of Jerufalem, this lord gave divers lands 

e er e ey. ^j,-j^j^ f^jg Manor of Hame, and divers howfes in Berkeley Towne, which they held 

till the diffolution of their Monaftery fcytuate within the parifh of Clarkenwell 

London, one whereof is the comon Taverne wherein James Atwood nowe dwelleth: 

Anno . 1622. 

Carta in Caflro CtjtjS^ lord alfo founded a Chantry in his manfion houfe in his Manor of 

de Berkeley, gedminfter, SUnb becaufe the Re6tor of the parifli there gave confent that this 
Chantry preift fhould have the Offerings of the houfe and family of this lord and 
of ftrangers reforting to that Oratory frely to difpofe of, (baptifme to his church 
referved) the fayd lord in recompence of this kindnes, gave a meffuage and divers 
lands in Bedminfter to the fayd parifh Church for ever. 

Carta in Caftro 5tnll foe extended was this lords largeffe in guift of lands to the prior and 

de Berkeley. Movent of Chrifts Church of Twinham, That in remuneration thereof, for the foules 

helth of himfelfe, and of his wives, and of his father and mother, and of the foules 

of his heires, they granted to this lord, one Maffe dayly to bee fayd in their Church 

for all faythfull deceafed 3llnb for that caufe would receive and keepe one Chanon 

more 



I220 Htfc of mo&rrt tiic ,j&ccon& 89 

more in their Church to finge for the fayd Soules ; 3Ilnb they further granted, 
comunion and participation to this lord of all benefitts and meritts, which are done, 
or hereafter fhall bee in their Church: And to have his name, after his death, written 
in theire martirologe, That having his Aniverfary recited, divine prayers might bee 
celebrated for him as for a founder. 

%\^0 to the Chanons of Hereford, this lord gave two yard land in his Manor Carta in CaRro 
of Arlingham, which afterwards was alyened to the Abbot of S' Aug^ftines. 



d)!^ lord alfo founded the faire hofpitall of S' Katherines a | litle without 
Briftowe, within his Manor of Bedminfter, which to this day keepeth the name, 
though the founders pious intention bee changed, as after followeth in theis rela- 
tions, whereto his brother and heire the lord Thomas was a fingular benefa6lor. As 
the words, in Abbot Newland are. 



106 

Newl : ped : et 

multi alij in Caflro 

de BerL 

S'. Katherines 

hofpital. 



fH^aStp further prints of this lords ampler devotions I have a far off difcerned, 
which I omitt, (as though out all theis relations, I doe in each lords life, the like) 
mentioninge onely, what, in ipfis terminis, in the deeds themfelves I have fene and 
handled. 3inlJ to the memory of this repentant lord I confidently prefent to his 
pofterity, That howe raginge or rebellious foever in Armes and bloud, ten yeares of 
his life, in the lafl of King John, were poured out againft his Kinge and fovereigne 
lord ; yet not one lord, in the whoU bundle of his generations, more devoutly 
facrificed the fower laft of his life after his returne to allegiance, then hee ; devoting 
each day to the makeinge an Attonement with God, dayly publifhinge by workes of 
Charity and devotion, his true contrition and repentance, ^n which laft part of his 
life almoft all the former guifts of Almes and Charity and many more, were offered 
for expiation. 

Sinnes paft fhall never torment thee, 
If fmnes prefent doe not delight thee, 

9In which tyme alfo hee gave to Robert Baftard and his heires for ever in Carta in Caftro 
recompence of his Service, a meffuage and two yard land in Clapton, and fower 
Acres of meadowe in Parham within his Manor of Hame. 



3Cnb to Euftace his Butler at Barkeley and to his heires in recompence of his Carta in CaRro 
fervice, hee gave a Meffuage and halfe a yard land within his fayd Manor of ^ ereey. 
Hame : Some others of like nature, I omit. 



90 



€f)c %iMe0 of tlje 25crhricpiE( 



1 189 



107 

Red book in the 

Exchequer. 

Rot : pip : 6 : et 8 

R: I. 



J^i^ miiefccflmnc^ at tariouief ^a^^agt^, not ptopcrip tctiuccli unDec tlje fbrmec 

titlciaf 

5llnli notDe I returne to workes of an other colour, %n tfjc fixth of King 
Richard the firft, This lords barony was taxed at ] twenty fhillings for each Knights 
ffee whereby it was holden towards the redemption of the kinge then a prifoner in 
his returne from the holy land, 31In& in the Eighth yeare of that kinge, this lord 
payd after the fame rate and manner, towards the Kings warrs in Normandy. 

511llil in the firfh of Kinge John towards the fame warrs, when the efcuage was 
feffed but at xiij! iiij'' for each Knights ffee, this lord payed after the fame manner. 



Rot : terr : dat et 

cone: 6 Jotiis. m : 

16. 20. 



ead : 
claus : 8 : 



n : 20. 
H:3. 



pars : 2. m : 
fin : roll : 8. H ; 



3[n the fixth yeare of King John, the Kinge by a fpetiall writ directed to 
his Treaforer and Barons of his Excheq^ dated the firfl of Odlober, acquited this 
lord Robert of thirty markes fyne for not going with him into France againft the 
Freeh King vpon efcuage taxed. And demanded of him according to the tenure of 
Berkeley. 

Silntl the xxj"" of July the fame yeare granted to this lord the moyety of 
Portbury fometyme (faith the record) the land of Herebert de Morevill the Norman, 
and then feifed into the Kings hands, occafioned by the revolt of Normandy : To 
hold at the Kings pleafure, anfwering the profits to his Exchequer, i©ija:rin I will 
not touch vpon the kings hard hand, nor the miftery of State, in feazinge thofe 
lands which the Normans fometymes held in England, becaufe theire fonnes or 
grandchildre in Normandy had nowe revolted from him to the French Kinge, which 
many generations before, theire forefathers had alyened vpon valuable confiderations 
to the fubiedls of England. 

Claus: 9 Jofeis. 3llnb the twentieth of September in the Nynth yeare of Kinge John, the Kinge 

by writt fignifyed to the Barons of his Exchequer, That this lord Robert had payd 
him the bay horfe (equum bauzan) which hee owed him. And therefore fhould award 
noe further proces againft him. 



Rot : pipse. 4. 
et 5. Jotis. 



108 



CfjiiSf lord Robert and Gerrard of Athia, by Colour of theire office of Con- 
ftable of the Caftle of Briftowe, and of the 140"- rent which they payd to Kinge 
John for the farme of Briftowe towne, which in the fourth, fifth, and fome other 
yeares of his raigne, they | rented of that Kinge vnder pretence of an old cuftome in 
that kinde, (made ftronger by their prefent authoritie and power there) tooke fower- 
pence of every bracina, brewing of ale within the Towne of Briftowe, befides twoe 

pence 



Hifc of Uobcrt tljc .ifeffonlJ 



91 



pence which the Conftables of Brifloll of old accuftomed lawfully to take, which 

extortion, fince havinge bene contynued, the Inhabitants of Briftoll for thirty Carta: 14 :H: 3 

markes fyne nowe bought of King Henry the third in the xiiij'"' of his raigne. And R^t pipx: 15 H: 

obtayned his chartar thenceforth to pay but two pence out of a brewinge towards 3- f"b titulo nova 

fupportation of the Conftable of the Caflle. Nova oblata code 

Anno : 

iSinll in the Chartar roll of the nynth yeare of King John, I obferved, this lord Cart. 9. Jotiis 
Robert to bee a witnes in the foote of divers of y' Kings Chartars and grants, ™' "^ *' ^' *^' 
whereby it is gathered, according to the courfe of thofe tymes. That either hee was 
then of that Kings Privy Counfell, or els an honorable Officer in his houfhold or 
both. 



25ut fliortly after by what meanes I finde not, vnles for refufeinge, as fome 
other Barons did, to followe the Kinge in his warrs into France, for not confirming 
the lawes of King Henry the firft called Sf Edwards Lawes, But foe angred was 
Kinge John That about the xij''' of his raigne, hee feifed the Caflle and landes of 
this lord Robert into his hands ; And to reftore them, drewe from him in the yeare 
after, a fyne of two thoufand markes. And withall drewe from him an hundred 
markes more to have a faire tryall by his peers for his life : \et the words them- Rot. pipse : 13 
felves out of the pipe rolls of thofe yeares tell all I have yett found of this paffage ; J°^'^ 
Robertus de Berkelai debet 2000 marcas de fine, et centum marcas pro habendo 
rationabili iudicio per pares fuos, Robert de Berkelay owes the Kinge 2000 markes 
for his fine, and one hundred markes more to have a reafonable tryall by his Peers. 
3tnb in the xiiij'!' yeare thus ; Robertus de Berkelai reddit compm de 2000 marcas 
pro habendis terris fuis et caftro fuo, vnde diffefitus fuit occone bnuot : regis ; Ita 
quod 1000 marcas reddat a feflo Scti Mictiis in Anno xiiij'.° in vnu annu ad quatuor 
terminos et in fequenti Anno . 500 marcas : In thro 250'' et debet. 1080! i65 8^ | et 
centum marcas pro habendo iudicio : Idem reddit compm de eodem debito in thro. 
200- et in pardonis ipfi Robto . 50" per bre regis et debet . 900! ; Robert de Berkeley et 2. 3. H : 3 et 
makes his accompt for 2000 markes which hee owes to the Kinge for the rehaveinge 
of his Caflle and landes whereof hee was put out by reafon of the Kings difpleafure, 
of which hee is to paye one thowfand markes at the fower vfuall termes in the next 
yeare, and five hundred markes in the yeare followinge, now payde. 25o''- in money, 
And foe owes 1083'' 6? 8^ befides one hundred markes for his fayd triall: Afterwards 
hee payes . 200'' of the fayd debt, and fifty pownds the Kinge by his writ pardons 
him, and then owes 900"- : D^j^t) was vnpayd till the Kings death 3lnb after till 
the third yeare of King Henry the third, when it was ftalled to bee payd by one 
N 2 hundred 



Rot. pip: 14. Jofiis 
Glouc:novaoblata. 



log 

Rot: pip: i6 Jofeis 



92 



€{)c %iMt^ of tfje 23crfeclcp^ 



Rot : fin : 15 JoKis 
I et. 2 pars : m : 5. 



Rot:pipae. 15. H : hundred pound per Ann ; And accordingly payd by Thomas his brother and heire, 
but not cleered till the fifteenth yeare of Henry the third. 

5Cnb thus this lord, havinge peeced vp a crafy peece with his Kinge, hee the 
xxix"" of June in the fifteenth of his raigne covenants with the kinge to furnifh ten 
Knights (bene paratos equis et armis) with horfes and Armes well Armed, to attend 
him in his warres. in France for one wholl yeare at his owne charges, to be accompted 
from the day of theire cominge to Portefmouth there to take fliippinge in foe well 
furniflied manner as fhould bee approved of by thofe appoynted for the viewe of 
the mufters, foe that the Kinge would difcharge hime of five hundred markes which 
hee owed him, And after the end of that yeare he would pay the Kinge the refidue 
of that det (not defalked in his ten Knights wages) at fuch dayes as the King 
would then give him, 5tinll the xxix'^ of December followinge the former agreement 
was thus altered, '^Jjat this lord fhould goe in perfon with five onely of his Knights 
this yeare to bee ready by the xxij'^ of next month, and the other the next yeare 
after, to the end (faith the record) that the knights might bee the better prepared. 
And this lord Robertt in part eafed. And to bee difchardged of the whole fine, 
Claus. rolls 15 goeinge alfo the fecond yeare in perfon beyond Seas with the Kinge : 5llnl) the 
twentieth of January followinge the fame fifteenth yeare, the Kinge, as earnefl of 
110 his newe favor, gave unto him | the cuftody of his Foreft at Alwefton (betweene 
Berkeley and Briftoll not then difafforefted nor turned into a parke as fliortly after) 
And alfo all the lands of Richard the fonne of Edwin, and of Robert de Weny, 
and of Robert de Weflon withall their goods and Chattells, comaundinge by his 
writ Allexander de Keilway Cuftos thereof, to deliver them, and to give this lord 
Seizin of the lands. And then forthwith to come to him. 



Eodem rot. m. 
I et 2 pars. m. 



Stow: fo: 171. 

Math. Paris fol : 

320- 337- 

rot. pip : 3 : H : 3. 

Wendover 

manufcr:cuRotjto 

Cotton Barr : 

Mathew Paris hi(L 

fol : 74. 320. this 

Charter of : H : i . 

is exprefled : 

Mathew Paris. 337. 
et : 339- 



f$i0 tcMMm agantjeft tf^t Hinge 

i^Ctje Kinge havinge finifhed his warrs beyond Seas, the xiiij''' of November in 
the fixteenth yeare of his raigne Anno 12 14. landed in England, and this lord 
Robert with him, who had there ferved him in Poiflien with five knights for halfe 
a yeare, %n\X having fince his lafl; reconciliation (as it feemes) but diffembled with 
his Prince nowe changeth his loyaltye. And as one of the difcontented peeres of the 
realme, vnder a Counterfeit fhewe of holynes (quafi orationis gratia) faith Mathewe 
Paris, (licet in caufa aliud fuiffet) goeth on pilgrimage to S' Edmondfbury in Suffolke, 
where meeting with other Earls and Barons of the like humor, they all in S' 
Edmonds Church fware before the high Altar, That if the Kinge would not grant 
the lawes and liberties contayned in the Charter of King Henry the firft, comonly 

called 



Sifc of ]!iobcrt rl)c .^cconD 



93 



called Kinge Edwards lawes, to bee by them and the whole Kingdome thenceforth 
enioyed, they would makes warres agnft him and withdraw themfelves from out of 
his allegiance, vntill und' his Scale hee fhould ratifye and confirme the fame, 
Agreeinge to repayre after Chxillmas to the Kinge with this overture, And in the 
meane fpace to provide themfelves of Armor, Horfes and Munition. 

Noe durt foe deepe, noe path foe flippery. 
Which i'le refufe, ere loofe my liberty : 

SCtlb forry I am, That Wendover a learned hiflorian lyving | in this tyme 
(ending his hiftory in the xxij'^ yeare from hence) bringeth in this lord, by the name 
of Robert de Berkelay (mifprinted Robert de Brakefley in Mathew Paris, and 
Hollingelhead) to bee a principall head amongft the Barons in this confpiracy. As 
alfoe doe many others, and Berkeley Caftle one of the places of their affembly and 
Rendevous. 



Ill 

Roger de Wend- 
over manufcr: cum 
Robto Cotton, 
baroneto. 
Math. Paris. 
Hollingefhead. 
Stow et at. 



CljC lords arme, come to the Kings prefence, vrge him to rule by his old lawes, 
and abrogate his newe, derived from his will, ready by force to conflrayne him, if 
hee deny : CtjC King denieth, CfjC barons take to Armes at Stamford, Anno 121 5 
in the feaventeenth veare of King: John and Mathewe Paris an Hiftorigrapher of that Mathew Paris 
tyme notmge, qui pnncipes fuere m e.xactione hbertatum, who were the cheife 
princes ftandinge for theire liberties, hath this lord Robert one of that honorable 
Catalogue : <0)Cp march on to Berkeley and fend theire greevances to the Kinge, 
nameinge their hofi: the Army of God and holy Church : They enter London, And 
by Joynt letters follicitt all the other Barons that had not yet ioyned with them 
threatning if they refufed, to deftroy them and theirs, as enemies to God, and 
Rebells to the Church : Cij0 moft part obaye and ioyne and leave the Kinge : CJjC 
kinge, from Windfor fends to the lords to London, promifmge to fatisfye theire 
defyres : C|)Cp repayre to him, and pitche their Tents in Runninge mead betweene 
Stanes and Windfor, where with the Barons and Kinge was all the nobility of 
England, and Comons innumerable. Ci)C kinge (much againft flomake) yealdeth 
and fubfcribeth the lawes and liberties demaunded, the fame in effedl:, with Magna 
Charta and Charta de Forefla, fending copies thereof to bee proclaymed in all the 
Shires of England, and after to bee kept in feverall monafleries. And giveth power 
to five and twenty of the graveft perfons to fee the fame performed, writeing 
accordingly to all the Sheriffs of England for obfervance, 5(lnb the Pope by his bull 
(acled by his legate then with the Kinge) confirmeth alfoe this grant and confirma- 
tion, denouncinge a curfe to the infringers : then which noething could bee then 

devifed 



94 '^t^t HitCitf of tijc 55crftdcpjS 1189 

devifed more flronge ; And, this was in June, Anno . 1215 . in the feventeenth yeare 
of Kinge John : ]0otDflC it, foone after the kinge repents, and purpofeth to undoe & 
112 vnfweare | what to his Barons hee had done and fworne, difpatcheth to the Pope a 
complaint againft his Barons, befeeching him to make voyd what hee had fworne 
and done, and to comand obedience to his Barons vnder excomunication : ^Cl^ pope 
decreeth all the previledges granted by the Kinge, as alfo his Oath to bee voyd, as 
extorted by a rebellious attempt, 511nil writes to the Barons, vpon payne of his great 
curfe, to obey their Kinge, and not to attempt the breach of his peace. Cf)C Barons 
exclayme againfl the Kings uniufl dealinge, and againfl the popes wrongfull Judg- 
ment, pronounced againfl them vnheard, And contemninge his Decree and inhibition, 
refolve by dint of fworde to trye their caufe, more bent againft theire Kinge in 
maintenance of theire libertyes, then before : <Bt which number this lord Robert 
is one. 

Cfje Kinge to his ayde draweth mighty forces from forren partes, 511ntl having 

readvertifed the Pope of the willfull refolution of his Rebellious Barons, the Pope 

adiudgeth them enimies to the Kinge and Church and excomunicateth them, firfl in 

generall, after by name : CI)C Kinge divides his huge and numerous Army into 

Claus: rolls. 18. two partes, and miferably wafteth the Barons lands and their Tenants, whereby 

JoK m : 4- et : 6. ^j^^y. |^^ j^^ manner all their poffeffions, 5inb Berkeley Caftle cometh into the hands 

^ ^ m 4 of the angry Kinge, who therein placeth Hugo de Vivon lord of Bitton, his 

Conftable thereof, where alfo the Kinge imprifoneth many of them hee tooke in 

his warrs : %niX haveing feized into his hands all the lands thereto belonginge, 

appoynteth by writt dated the fixth of July in the xviij* of his raigne, the profitts 

thereof to the maintenance of his Caftle of Briftoll, where hee kept alfo a garrifon 

Rot claus: i8. 3llltb (amongft fome other the like particular paffages reflefting vpon this lord 

Jotis m : 4. Robert) the xxiiij'^ of Augufl in the forefayd yeare comaundeth the fayd Conftable 

to maintayne Nicholas de Feiland in right of Margarett the daughter of Otho in 

poffeffion of her lands in Woodmancote and Durfeley in as ample manner as (he had 

them before this lord Robert did diffeize her, not permittinge that any wrong bee 

done to him, or her, but to proteft and defend | them and theirs, %n3i the Kinge 

Rot claus • 18 havinge alfo taken from this Lord Robert his fifliinge weares at Arlingham in the 

Jofiis : m : 3. hundred of Berkeley (where hee rented one other called Gerne of y' pryor of Ferly) 

hee by his writt comanded the Sherife of the County to make him a good paire of 

horfpots for bringinge the fifti vnto him, And he fliould bee allowed the charges 

thereof vpon his account in the Excheq^. 

Cl)e 25aron.a miferably affli(Sled with Cruell wafts and devaftati5s of their lands, 
which the Kinge as Mafter of the feild made on the one parte, 3Ilntl by the enmity 

and 



1120 %ik of Itobnrt t^c ^rcoitti 

and excomunication of the pope on the other parte, they defperately and treacher- 
oufly refolved, and accordingly forthwith fent vnto Lewis the fonne of Phillipp Kinge 
of France, mortall enimy to King John, offcringe him the Crowne of England, 
with fower and twenty of theire fonnes and Nephewes in hoftage for performance 
of theire Covenants, UctDijS^ accepteth of the offer, and fendeth one and forty fhippes 
for prefent comfort and fuccor. And with much fpeed followeth himfelfe with 680 
fhipps more, fluffed with Soldiers and worthye Commanders : 3£nll upon his arrivall 
in England, the Barons forthw'"' repaire vnto him, and fweare to him fealty, And 
doe to him homage as to their true and naturall prince. 5Cn& Lewis with fhewe of 
great curtefey returneth to them affurance of mayntaininge of their Lawes and 
reftitution of their poffeffions and dignities : ((Pf which difloyall number this Lord 
Robert de Berkeley is one, and not the leafl. 



95 



Math : Paris. 373 
Wendover et at : 



CijC pope from Kinge John his feodetary is informed of y' Barons pradlice, Wendover 

And Lewis attempt, who fends to the French Kinge Father of Lewis, comaundinge h : 3. 

him to call backe his fonne, And Lewis not to goe in payne of curfmge, but neyther Math : Paris et at : 
of them obey. 

Hing John is affifted by Gwalo the popes legat, who by name excomunicateth Hollingelh : in 
Lewis with all his fa6lors and complices : warres are made, bloud fpilt, and Caftles ^ & l ^ ■ 
taken dayly by both parties in moft Corners of the land, every where moft mercilefley 
pilled, wafted, and confumed ; A tyme more miferable then which the funne hath 
not fmce feene in England. 

dtcount Melun a ffrench Lord and of inward Counfell with Lewis | on his 114 
death bed, revealed to fome of the Englifh Barons, That Lewis and fixteene lords Math.Parisfo:384 
of France (himfelfe being one) had fecretly fworne to kill and banifh all the Englifh 
Nobility which now ferved him, and perfecuted theire owne Kinge (whereof this 
Lord Robert was one) and to difmherite all theire lynage of fuch inheritances as 
they now held in England, after hee had prevailed ; which to bee true, hee tooke 
vpon the perill of his foule. 



Cl)e Barons cafe in theis feaventeene and eighteene yeares of King John, was 
thus ; Such of theire Caftles as King John tooke, hee ftored with his foldiers theire 
enimies, who wafted their lands ; ^mf^ Caftles as Lewis by theire Armes obtayned 
from King John (though their owne) hee placed Frenchmen in, not themfelves : 
^act) Sunday and holiday they were openly accurfed by name in every Church, 

SUtft 



96 



€I)c %i\3C0 of tlic 25cchdcp!Bt 



m : 5. n? 54. 



Wendover Manu : 0oi efteemed of by Lewis : ^ot put in truft : ^ot placed to beare rule ; Seldome 
called to Counfell, ^ot vfed familiarly by Lewis or his French Lords gea fuch of 
them as murmured hereat, were by Lewis vpbraided, and called Traytors, ^OC that 
many of them inwardly relented, ^Hmongj^t whom this Lord Robert was one, who 
had the better meanes for reconciliation with the Kinge, in that Julian his then wife 
was neece to William Marfhall Earle of Pembrooke th'elder, who had marryed 
Ellenor the Kings fifter, and the principall man that contynnued faythfull with King 
John (though his eldeft fonne William adhered to Lewis) which was foe profecuted, 

Rot:pat:i8Jo!iis That whilefl Kinge John laye with his army at Berkeley the twentieth of July in 
the Eighteenth of his raigne, hee obtayned tres of fafe condu6l of that date, to 
come and returne, and comon with the Kingefrom the morrowe after S' Margarets 
day (being the fecond day after) for fower dayes, which was the tyme of the Kings 
abode at Berkeley, as the tefte of patents and writs then there fealed, doe fhewe : 
l^otobtit this Lord not then concludinge his peace, hee obtayned other tres of fafe 

Rot:predi(Sl:m. 5 condu6l, dated the Seaventh of Augufl followinge at Whitchurch in Shropihire, to 
endure for fifteene dayes, whereby hee fo well prepared his reconciliation with the 
kinge (though not then effected) That the third of September followinge the Kinge 
awarded his Comiffion | in the behalfe of the lady Julian his wife (calling her Neece 
to Wittm Earle Marfhall aforefayd) to S. de malo leone (nowe Manly) comanding 
him to deliver to her for her fuftenance, the manor of Came which hee had granted 
to her at thirty pownds a yeare, but if it valewed more. Then fhee to render backe 
the over-plus into the Exchequer. 



n?49. 



"5 

Rot : Claus : 18 
JoKis . m : 3. 



3llnD thus flood this Lord Robert and his eflate, excomunicated, accurfed, out 
of the Kings favor and prote6lion, without caftle or lands, his farme houfes and 
flockes of Catle wafted and confumed. And himfelfe a fupplyant for mercye and 
pardon, when the Kinge dyeth the nyneeteenth of the next month of 06lober, 
Anno. 12 16 in the Eighteenth of his raigne. 



MinQ John being dead, Henry the third his fonne fucceeded, then but nyne 

yeares old. And the principall governm' of the yonge Kinge and Kingdome was 

comitted to the fayd William Marfhall Earle of Penbrooke, whereby a more ready 

gate was opened for this Lords entry into reconciliation : whereupon the Seaven- 

teenth of November next, he hath letters of fafe come, fafe goe, and fafe ftaye for 

Rot claus. I : H: 3 five dayes, And the fixteenth of February followinge, the like agayne to endure 
nil I* ct. 12. 

Rot. claus. I. H. 3 till midlent funday, when hee makes his peace : And the xiiij'*" & fifteenth of March 
m: 7. n. 16. et 22 ^nd xiij'*" and xvij''' of June followinge, with much difficulty vpon hard conditions, 

obtaynes 



I220 



jllifc of itlotjcct rtjc ^ccovii 



97 



obtaynes the kinges feverall writts to the Sheriffs of Gloucefter and Somerfetfhires, 
and to the fayd Hugh de Vivon givinge them to vnderftand, That the faid Lord 
Robert was returned, ad fidem et fervicium dni regis, into the Kings allegiance and 
favor. And therefore accordinge to the agreement by him made with the fayd Earle 
of Pembroke and other the Kings Counfell, they (takinge alfo fecurity for forty 
pownds) fliould reftore unto him all his lands fave the Caflle and Towne of 
Berkeley, which they fhould flill retayne to the Kings vfe. 

311nil thus, after a years attendance, by the benefitt of y* tymes alteration, and 
for a greate fine, this Lord Robert (with Wiftm the fayd Earles fonne, William 
Lord Mowbray, Maurice de Gant his co3en German, Ofbert Gifford his Nephewe, 
and others) is received into like favor and pardon. | 

l^OtUDctt this Lord could never gett foote into his Caflle of Berkeley all his life ii6 
tyme, nor his brother and heire that fucceeded him, till the Eighth yeare of this 
kings raigne, as after followeth in his life. 



Cl^ poet faid well 



vltima femper. 



Expetlanda dies homini efl, diciq^ beatus 
Ante obitum nemo, fupremaq^ funera debet. 



I 



When that our debt to nature hath bene payde, 
And wee in grave, clofed with Earth are layd. 
Then not before, wee deemd are to bee, 
Dead in blifs, or fallen by miferie. 

Ct)C firfl wife of this Lord Robert was Julian de ponte arche daughter of William 
de pontelargo or pontearchie and Neece to that mirror of Nobility Wittm Earle 
Marifchall th'elder Earle of Penbrooke : who had that honor (after the manner of 
Queenes) to bee in her hufbands life tyme, a purchafer, and feller alfo of land of 
inheritance in her owne name in Fee fimple, without her hufbands being either 
named or ioyninge with her in fuch conveyances, other then that fhee was nowe wife 
to Robert de Berkeleia, In which manner alfo fhee gave divers lands to diVers 
Monafleries in Frankalmoigne, 5litUJ fuch conveyances flood good to the Donees and 
Feoffees and theire heires & fucceffors, as many of theire alienations of thofe lands, 
longe after made doe witneffe. 

o €\^0 



Rot : Norm : i. 
Joteis. 

Rot: claus. i8. 
Jotiis m: 3. 4. 
ptita Pafch: 47 
H: 3. rot: 7. 
Aug: chart: fol: 48. 
97. 98. in caftr 
de Berkeley, 
divers cartas in 
CaRrodeBerkeley. 
cartae cum decano 
Briaoll: 



€|je Hibejf of t!jc ^ctMep^ 



Newl : pedeg : in 
Cafl.ro de Berkley. 



'd^jSf Lady Julian deceafed the Fifteenth of November in the fecond yeare of 
Kinge Henry the third, Anno 12 17. And lyeth buryed in the South He of the fayd 
Monaftery vnder a white free flone, happieft in this good happ, that fhee in peace 
imbraced her hufband eight months after his peace made with the Kinge before fhe 
dyed. 



117 

Vetus manufc: in 
Caftro de Berkley. 
Aug: chart: fo: 40. 

45- 

ptita Trin: 6. H : 

3 rot : 6. 

Rot. claus. 4. H: 

3.m:7. 

Claus: 15. H:3 m: 

20. 

Claus. 6 : H : 3. 

ps. I. 
ptita cora rege 
Mich: 52. H: 3 
rot 6 in dorfo. 



f^i^ fecond wife was Lucy whom hee maryed not above two yeares | before 
his death who furviued her hufband, And was remarryed to Hugh de Gurney fonne 
of Hugh, And dyed the eighteenth daye of January Anno 1234 : And lyeth buryed 
neere the fayd Julian vnder an other white free flone befides the rood Altar in the 
entry of the fouth He in the faid Monaftery : Shee was endowed by virtue of the 
Kings writs, of the manor of Bedminfler, and of Radclive-flreete in y' County of 
Somerfett, and of the Mannors of Wotton and Slimbridge in the County of Glouc ; 
and of other landes, as followeth in the life of the next Lord. 

fot the foules health of both which wives, afwell after the death of the firft, as 
in the life of the later, this lord gave much land in divers places to divers religious 
Orders, as before is touched. 



I^i.sf Dcati) anb place of Buriafl 

Vana falus hominis, memor eflo quod morieris 

To day a Man, too morrowe none, our felves each houre behold, 
Then thinke on death, eare life be gone, and body layd in mould. 



Carta in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 

Newl : pede : et 2 

al : in cafl : de 

Berkley. 

Trevifa in 

Polichron. lib : 7. 

cap: 7 Caxton. 



Newl: ped. p'dict 

Aug: mortiloge 

cm DecanoBriflot. 



iCljC thirteenth day of May approacheth in the fourth yeare of the raigne of 
Kinge Henry the third. Anno. 1220. wherein this lord payeth his tribute to 
mortalitye, then aged fifty five yeares or thereabouts, And was buryed in the North 
He of the church of y" Monaftery of S' Auguftines over againft the high Altar, in a 
Moncks Cowle, an vfuall fafhion for great peeres in thofe tymes efteemed, as an 
annulet or defenfative to the foule, and as a Scala cseli, a ladder of life eternall, 
after he had contynued lord one and thirty yeares wantinge one month. <©f whom 
Abbott Newland hath thus JfoT this good Lord S' Robert de Berkeley is yearly 
done a fpetiall memoriall at the Vigile of his Obitt, placebo et dirige, folemly, And 
on the morrow commendations ; the pryor fayinge the Maffe, And a Doale then 
after difpofed vnder this forme, Cije Abbot hath a Cake of two pence price and 
twoe cafls of bread of three to a peny, and fower pence for wine. 3llntl every 

Channon 



I2 20 Hife of JHobnt ttjc ^ctonb 

Channon a cake, price one penny, but the prior, fubprior and | Almener have twoe 
penny Cakes, And every Chanon a Caft of bread and two pence for wine, 3llnll 
every Fryar of the fower Orders in Briftoll a loafe And every Prifoner there in 
Newgate likewife, SfilttJ the remanet is doaled at the Monaftery gate to the poore 
people. 

I^i^ ^taW of 3iniic^ 

d)C dfeCillCjS which this Lord Robert ufed in red, in greene, and yeallowe waxe 
weare very broade, having on the one fide the impreffio of a knight armed and 
mounted ready for prefent onfet in the warrs circumfcribed thus Sigillum Roberti 
de Berkelei And the back or reverfe thereof (more then two inches brode) which 
may be called his privy feale, hath the impreffion of the George on Horfebacke, 
and the fame infcription about the ring thereof : Behould the figures of both. 



99 



Ii8 




25p this Lords death without iffue, his Barony w'"" theis Manors and lands 
followinge, difcended vpon Thomas his brother and heire, whom he entirely feemed 
in his life to love. 



The Manner of Portbury 
The Mannor of Bedminfter 
The Mannor of Radecliveftreet 
The three hundreds of Portbury 
Bedminft;er and Hareclive 



In the County of Somerfett: 



The 



lOO 



€ijc HiijCiS of tl)c 2S>crftdcpi0f 



119 



Rot : pip ; 



4. et 5. 
Jotiis. 



Rot : pip. 6. R: i. 
in arce london. 



Rot: pip. 9. R: i. 
Glouc : 

diuerfae Cartae in 
Caft.ro deBerkeley. 



In the County of Gloc 



The Manor of Berkeley meaninge 

the burrowe Towne 
The Manor of Hame 
The Manor of Appleridge 
The Manor of Alkington 
The Manor of Hineton 
The Manor of Hurft 
The Manor of SHmbridge 
The Manor of Came 
The Manor of Cowley 
The Manor of Symondfall 
The Manner of Wotton 
The Mannor of Arlingham 
The Manor of Ewley 

Briftowe hee held in farme of King John at i4o''.- and 145'!- per Ann 
as the great rolls of the Pipe of thofe yeares fhewe. 

The Manor of in y^ County of Oxon 

The Manor of in y'= County of Wilts 

Divers Lands in the County of Northumberland 

As for the Manor of Foxcote he gave it to Maurice his third brother 
and to his heires vpon his mariage if hee fhould beget any vpon his 
wife, if not to revert to him and his heires To hold by the fervice of 
halfe a knights fee, which did revert in the tyme of the next lord 
Thomas for want of iffue of the body of the fayd Maurice. 

And for the moyetie of Gofmgton, hee conveyed it to William his 
brother, as before is mentioned. 

Divers lands in Teveleford, Tablesford and Charteloge hee added to 
his eftate by purchafes from Ivo de Teleford, Phillip the fonne of 
Elias Ward, and others. I 



120 IpijBf Manor of Portbury hee much augmented by a purchafe of divers landes 

and Tenements from Wittm de Salfo Marifco, whofe grandfather Adam had the 
fame from that Richard de Morevill, of whom Robert Fit3- Harding purchafed the 
one moyetye of Portbury as before : for which hee gave to the fayd Wittm the like 
quantity of land in Woodford, which alfo from the heire of this Wittm was re- 
purchafed in the tyme of Edward the third by Thomas then Lord Berkeley : And 
this was foone after hee had given Gofmgton to his brother Wittm for Portbury. 

€I)Ojefe 



vers: 5. 



1220 life of jHobm tl)c dSccoiid loi 

Ct)0|eiC tymes wherein this Lord Robert fate in peace, were poore, and mony 
foe fcarce amongft his Tenants, That the incombes which hee contrafted for, were 
comonly payd in two, three or fower oxen, or kinc, which hatched the Error hee 
comitted in filling his Manors with free holds and farme rents of inheritance; See after fol: 
deeming it great hufbandrye to keepe the rent conftant at the valewe it was then 
at; whofe example his brother and heire the lord Thomas foe farr imitated, that 
the fmart of that error is fenfible in this family to this day, as often hereafter I fhall 
write. 

€{)c application anb b^c of I)i^ life 

1. dppon the Errors of this lords life (in the Alpha the fairefl;, before the The vfe. 
Omega, the fouleft of all his Anceflors) his pofterity may be inftrufted not to lift 

vp theire hands againft theire Soveraigne, for rebellions againft; Princes deftroy 

whole familyes, the peflilence but particular perfons : Good Princes are bleffmgs to 

theire fubiefte: If bad, they are punifhments fent of God, And wee muft fufifer them, 

and amend our felves; And that noe fubie6l ought to refift the power of his Kinge, 

becaufe hee may be taxed with iniuftice or cruelty : for it pleafeth God fometyme to Romanes. 13 

punifh his people by a Tyrannous hand ; And the commandem' of obedience, is 

without diftin6lion. | 

2. Sllgainc, his poflerity is taught by him, That noe pretence howe faire foever, 
can give authority or flrength to warrant vnlawfull adlions : for God, who is all 
fufificient, and who hath decreed all good thinges, hath likewife devifed all good 
meanes to compaffe them : 5Cntl that euery good worke doth confift of lawful! matter 
and forme, for noe evill thinge can bee well done, neither may any good thinge bee 
done evilly. 

3. ^goinc it feems a defrauding of this lords right, not to remember. That 
hauing noe iffue of his body ; In fleed of children, he made his pious workes 
his god-fons which haue propagated his noble name to more laftinge ages, then 
heires of the flefh vfually have done : 5llnb if Mary Magdalen that powred out but 
one box of fweet oyntment on Chrift, had by Chrifts owne affignem', an honorable 
memorial! on to all after ages ; Theis fweet and pyous workes of this repentant lord, 
of much more value and durablenes may iuftly challeng the like memorial!, efpetially 
in his owne family. And become alfo a prefident for their imitaco. 

4. 511gain0, when this lords Pofterity fhall in readinge the life of this theire 
Anceftor, fee a Curfe and excomunication to bee folemly annexed to fuch guifts of 

lands 



102 <^|)e UibcjS of tl)c 2&a:fedcp^ 1189 

lands and tythes as hee made to churches and other pyous ufes, againft the infringers: 
It feemes worthy theire meditation, whether fuch lands and Tythes in the hands 
of many remarkeable houfes in this lafl one hundred yeares, haue not bene like 
Tholoufe gold, that never profpered with any : or as vnfortunat as Seians horfe, 
breaking flill the necke of his poffeffor : And wheather part of impropriation hath 
not either fretted away and confumed the greater parte of theire other goods and 
lands better gotten, even fpoylinge the fpoiler in his owne life tyme, or confumeing 
him eare three generations have paffed after him : And accordingly to make an 
happy vfe by other mens harmes : And by the effeft to iudge of the do6lrine 
frequently proclaymed out of each pulpit, That lands given to pyous vfes are not to 
bee prophaned : And that the church portion in Tythes, is Gods right, the Preifls 
inheritance, by better conveyance then municipall lawes can afford to any. | 



122 



5. ^gainC) by this lords bad Example in falling from one evill into a worfe, 
from rayfinge Armes againfl the King, to call in the French and fwearinge fealtye 
to a Forreiner ; he fhewes to his pofterity the aptnes of man, to maintaine one 
violence by a greater, And that man by Nature will make good his will, howe 
wicked foever the end bee ; And accordingly, by his evill fucceffe, forewarneth his 
pofterity from the like. 

6. ^HgfUnc, from the fuperftitious manner of buriall of this Lord in a peece of a 
monkes garment, therby (as a fpell or charme hanged about the necke of the dead) 
to bee preferved, or (as fome others were) with a peece of the begininge of S' 
Johns Gofpell tyed to their mouthes : His pofterity ought to bee ftirred vp to 
thankfuUnes towards God, the giver of a cleerer knowledge, And accordinge to that 
light to meafure out theire A6lions, leaft the good workes and Almes of this theire 
Anceftor wrought in tyme of Ignorance, ftand vp in iudgment againft theire greater 
knowledge, bringing forth worfe fruite. 

7. ^Ugaint, if in excufe or iuftification of this lords lifting vp his fword againft 
his prince, any fhall reply, That the kings evell governement was not by free and 
heroicke fpiritts to bee endured; That it is moft honeft, iuft, and noble, to dye for a 
Comon good ; That noe right man did ever foregoe his freedome, but with his life. 
And that to dye free vpon defence of liberty, is fweeter, then to remayne in life a 
flave : Let him alfo confider. That noe Adion or vndertakinges, can ever attayne 
true renowne, whereto loyaltie and reafon are Strangers : That wifdome forbids to 
eafe our Country of partiall greevances by cafting her into the danger of an abfolute 

captivity 



I2 20 Hife of Hobnrt tfjc ^ctonb 103 

captivity, as this had bene, had the French by Englifh Armes, prevailed : That it 
was a defperate ftraine, to refolue either for death or domynation, as here it was : 
And to fpeeke cleerly, neither was this lord nor any of his Adherents, led on to the 
remove of publicke evills, without fpetiall feelings and private ends of theire owne, 
though other caufes were pretended for increafinge of their fide. | That the names I23 
of liberty and reformation are the vfuall mafkes of fadlion : And that liberty it felfe, 
after a fhort while, is noe where leffe, then vnder a newe lords rule, as doubtles 
here it had bene vnder the French had King John bene depreffed, And therefore 
this lords facft remaynes without excufe or iuftification. 



124 blank 



fm0 ^obm t^t M>tcmisa 



®l)c Cifc of Sljomas tl)c JFiist "^ 

€f)c life of Thomas Lord Berkeley the firft of that diverfe carta; in 
name, Brother and heire of the lord Robert, ftiled in Cafirode Berkeley 
writings, Thomas de Berket ; anb Thomas de Berkele ti-%^^59- '(^o! '' 
frater Roberti de Berkelai ; anti Thomas filius Mauricij Rot: pip: temp: 
de Berkelai ; anb, Thomas de Berkelai filius Mauricij de ' ^ '" 
Berkelei ; And Dfis Thomas de Berket : 3finti may bee 
called, Thomas the obferver or temporifer. 
<eontcmjJorarp with King Henry the third from Anno . 1220 . 
to 1243. 

CfjisS lords life (entringe vpon his elder brothers death) is 
delivered vnder theis fowertene titles . (viz') 



9 
10 
II 
12 
13 
14. 



. — ^i0 entry vpoh his Barony . fol : 1 26 : 

.—1$i^ reftitution to his Caftle of Berkeley . fol : 127 : 

. — 1$i^ fuits in Lawe . fol : 128 . 132. 

.— i^i^ liberality to the Abby of S' Auguftines . fol : 129. 

• — ^Tfje Abbots ingratitude to this lord . fol : 130. 

• — Ctjijtf lords Almes and devotions . fol ; 1 3 1 . 

. — f$i0 Hufbandries . fol : 134. 

. — ^10 forren imployments with other various paffages . fol : 1 36. 

. — ^i^ wife . fol : 1 39. 

. — i^ijef iffue. fol : 141. 

. — I^i|9f Scales of Armes . fol : 145. 

. — f$i0 death and place of buriall . fol : 145. 

. — i^ijBf lands whereof hee died feifed . fol : 146. 

.— Cfje application and ufe of his life . fol : 146. 



W 



io6 



€ljc %m^ of tift ^ttkele^0 



126 



Claus : 4. H : 
m : 8. et. 



Honor de 
Berkeley. 



c 



i^iiei cntrp )a$m Iji^S 23aronp 

rjC £.Otrv ^ObCVt being dead in May in the fourth yeare of Kinge 
Henry the third, Anno. 1220, as hath bene faid, the Kinge on the twentieth 
of the next month doth by the aduice of his Counfell, by feverall patents, 
commit to Wittm de Putot and Ralph of Norwich the Cuflody of all his Manors 
and Landes in y^ Countys of Glouc : and Somerfett and all the Stockes and Stores 
of Cattle and whatfoever els might in them bee found. To holde duringe his 
pleafure, ^nb alfo of the two Caftles of Berkeley in the County of Glouc ; and of 
Caldicote in the County of Monmouth (whereof the fayd Lord Robert had the 
keepinge vnder Bohun Earle of Hereford) requiringe his vnkle the Earle of Salif- 
bury to fee the fame performed, and the faid Caftles delivered, with whatfoever 
fhould bee in them that were the faid Robert de Berkelaies, Comanding alfo by an 
other writt, all the knights and tenants, et alijs de honore vtriufq^ caftri tenentibus, 
and all others holdinge of the honor of either Caftle, That to them two, as to his 
Baylies, they fhould be attendant and give obedience. 



Claus. 4. H : 3. The viij'^ of July followinge, the lady Lucy widowe of the faid Lord Robert 

"^ ■ ^' obtayneth from the Kings Counfell to have the Manors of Wotton and Slimbridge 

in the Connty of Gloucefter, and the Mannor of Bedminfter in the County of 

Somerfett, out of y° hands of the Kinges Comittees for her prefant fufteinance till 

the heire of the fayd lord Robert might have feifin of his lands from the Kinge, and 

affigne reafonable dower vnto her of the lands that were her hufbands, which it 

Aflife et iurat feemeth not longe after fhee had : for at the Affizes holden before the Kiijgs 

S. H : 3. in Sccio Juftices Itinerant at Gloucefter within lefs then a yeare. The Jury did prefent. That 

fhee the fayd Lucye was the Kings widow, de donatione dni regis, and to be 

maryed, And that the lands whereof fhee was endowed were in valewe one hundred 

fol. [117] pownds per Annu, of whom I have further wrote before. 



127 

Claus. 4 : H : 3. 

m : 5. et al : 

Rot : paten, et fin. 

eod : Anno. 



(^ije xiiij*, fifteenth, xvj'^ and xvij'*' dayes of Auguft in this fourth | of Kinge 
Henry the third, the Kinge lodged in Berkeley Caftle, then in his owne hands, in 
his way from Oxford towards Briftoll, as the courfe of the great feale in patents 
and other writs, plainely traceth his progres. 



1243 



llifc of a:(|onin.«f tljc f irtft 



107 



CJjC nynth of Auguft, this Lord Thomas doth his homage to the Kinge for the 
lands difcended to him from his brother in the fower Counties of Gloucefter, Wiltes, 
Oxon, and Somerfett, And giveth fecurity by his Co5en the lord Maurice dc Gaunt 
and fower others, to paye to the Kinge his releefe of one hundred pound dewe for 
his barony vpon his brothers death into the Exchequer, at fuch dayes as was agreed 
vpon with the Kinges Counfell. 3llnll out of other monies which hee owed for his 
brother and himfelfe, the xxiij'*" of y'= fame monthe the kinge by his writ diredled to 
this lord Thomas, comaunds him to pay twenty mks to Ralph de Williton his 
keeper of Berkeley Caftle for his wages due for cuftody thereof at Michaelmas 
and Efler, which fhould bee allowed to him vpon his accompt in the Excheq^, %v3i 
.in like forte to him and others were like fomes affigned by the kinge for this lord 
to paye for wages and reparations of this Caftle and others in the fower next 
yeares in the Kings raigne, whereof one hundred pounds was in the fixth of Henry 
the third, payd by him to William Bruen (one other of his fuerties) for the repayring 
of Dunftar Caftle, 511nb the refidue of his debts oweing to the Kinge by his brother 
and himfelfe, were ftalled to bee payd by this lord at fower-fcore pounds a yeare, 
whereof one hundred markes into the Exchequer, and twenty markes yearely for 
the wages of the keeper of Berkeley Caftle. 5ln& in the ttOV^t of the clofe Roll of 
y' Eighth of Henry the third in both parts of that yeare is entred a Sl^cmorab., That 
the Kinge hathe nowe reftored to Thomas de Berkele his Caftle of Berkele, and 
hath taken of him two hoftages or pledges his fifters fonnes, for the faythfull keep- 
inge of that Caftle, Soe that by it noe damage fhould arife to the Kinge, And to be 
redelyvered to the King as often as need fhould require; <Dnc of which two hoftages 
was his Nephewe Ofbert Gifford, who thereupon became the Kinges fervant, and 
much favoured by him. | 



Claus. 4. H. 3. 
ni:5. 



Claus. 4. H : 3. 
m : 4. 

Rot : pip. 4. H ; 3. 
Gloc: novaoblata. 



Claus : 5 : H : 3. 

pS. I ID. 

Claus : 6 : H : 3. 
ps I. m : 8. et: 7. 
H : 3 pars 2. m : 7. 
et. 23. 

Claus. 6 : H : 3. 
Claus. 7. H. 3. m. 
13. pars. 2. et ps. 
I. m. 26. 

Claus. 8. H : 3. 
pars. I. m : 29. 

Berkeley Caaie 
reftored. 



fin : roll. 8. H : 3. 
pars. I. et 2. 



Ipi^ 0uit^ ht latDC 128 

fooner had this Lord thus fued his livery, but his old acquaintance and Ptitaa(ris.Mich:5. 

fellowe Rebell, Witim Marftiall the younger (now E : of Pembrooke by death of ^ EveS^''^'^ 

Wittm his father, dead the yeare before) fets upon him in the fifth yeare of this jurat, et Affis. 

Kinge Henry the third, with an eager fute, which then cam to a trvall at Gloucefter 5' ^ • 3- Glouc : 
i_ r i_ t/- t /!■ t • 1 / '" rccept : Sccij. 

belore the Kmgs Juftices Itmerant, wherein hee (beinge but a fuerty for this Lord 

Thomas for payement of two hundred and ten markes to Wittm Longefpee Earle of ^°'- P'P ■ 5- ^^ ^• 

Salifbury the Kings Vnckle) required to be faved harmleffe and repayd, havinge 

for him fatisfyed the fayd Earle of SaliftDury. CJjiiBf Lord Thomas denyes that it was 

his debt, or hee his brothers fuerty, and fetteth out, how that betweene him and the 

fayd Earle of Pembrooke, it was agreed, That hee this lord Thomas fhould marry 

r 2 Jone 



H:3. 



io8 €l^c HitCiSf of tl)c 2D»cthcIcp^ 1220 

Jone his Neece daughter of Ralph de Somery, And fliould caufe the Kinge to take 
his homage and to reftore to him his brothers barony and lands, and difcharge him 
of that money againft the fayd E : of Salfbury, And alfo fhould haue delivered to 
him his Caflle of Berkeley, And bee alfo freed from the Kings Jufticiar and Wiltm 
de Brewer, (two lords that ever ftuck fafl to kinge John, and as favorites were for 
money to worke the reconciliation of the lord Robert and this Thomas) (CfjC agree- 
ment the Earle of Pembrooke acknowledgeth, But replyeth, that afterwards this 
Lord agreed to acquit him of that det ; which this lord Thomas denyeth, afifirminge 
ftill, Cijflt the E : of Pembrooke was to difcharge him from that bond given to 
Salfbury : 25ut vpon Pembrookes reply, this lord Thomas fled to his lafl fhift, 
affirminge that it was the debt of the lord Robert his brother, And thereby hee 
not chargeable with it : The record foe refteth.^ 

Ptita in banco. 7. Cljijef fuit thus pawfinge, This Lord is agayne fet vpon by Wittm Longfpee afore- 

. 3. ro . J. e 3. ^^yj Earle of Salifbury, who demaunds againft this lord two hundred and fifteene 
markes, as havinge Affets by difcent from Robert his brother whofe heire hee 
was ; And declares vpon the Deed of the fayd Lord Robert, who vppon his great 
neceffity had borrowed foe much of him : CljiiSf Lord Thomas anfweares in perfon 
129 That hee is impleaded for the fame det already by Wittm | Earle Marifchall, 
who was fuerty for the lord Robert his brother for that det, which playnt being 
vndetermyned, hee demaunds iucigm' of the Court, whether hee fhall anfwere them 
both; and foe bee doubly impleaded for one and the fame dett : Salifbury replyes, 
That hee demaunds nothinge of the Earle Marifchall, but onely of this Lord Thomas 
as being his principall dettor. And thereuppon prayes iudgment: Ct)i^ Lord Thomas . 
reioynes. That the Earle of Salifbury tooke the Earle Marifchall for his dettor, who 
had fattisfied him the fame : Salifbury furreioynes and faith. That hee liever tooke 
the Earle Marifchall for his dettor, neither had hee fatisfied him the fame, where- • 
upon the iffue was ioyned : CljC record foe alfo refleth. 

1 Ralph Mufard, Sheriff of Gloucefler, writes to Hubert de Burgh JuRiciar of England Rating that • 
he had upon the arrival of the Earl of Salifbury at Berkeley demanded of him the furrender of the 
CaRle and other property of the deceafed Robert de Berkeley, but that the Earl had refufed to furrender 
them unlefs by the exprefs order of the King and Council, alleging as his reafon for keeping pofleflion . 
that his niece was with child ; the Sheriff therefore requeRs the JuRiciar to fignify his intention to him. 
Dated c. 1220. 4 Henry iij. [Ed.] 

William Marefchal, Earl of Pembroke writes to Hubert de Uurgh, Rating that Thomas de Berkeley, 
brother and heir of Robert de Berkeley married his niece, and befeeches the JuRiciar that he would give • 
him redrefs againR the Earl of Salifbury, who has feized his CaRle and inheritance at Berkeley contrary 
to right and law of the land. (Deputy Keeper's Report, Vol. v. app' II Royal Letters, &c. p. 155.) [Ed.] 






1243 



Hifc of Cljonia^ tljc first 



109 



i^CtC&p it appeares in part, with what tooles the Lord Robert hewed out his 
peace, with both Kings, John and Henry the third : , for SaHfbury was the Baftard 
brother of King John by faire Rofamund, and foe vnkle to Henry the third, one of 
the cheife governors of his youth and crowne, who had all the mariage portion of 
this Lord Thomas; Stutl the Earle Marifchall Earle of Penbrooke had the advance- 
nient of his Neece in mariage with this Lord, whom age and adverfity had made 
wife, 3Cnll that the Jufticier and Wittm de Brewer were not forgotten, is difcernable 
through many glimpfes. 

DuringC theis fuits, in the fifth of Henry the third, the kinge by his writ Claus. 5. H: 3.95.2 
requireth the Shereife of the County of Gloucefter to leavy for this Lord, Efcuage 
of fuch of his free holders holdinge of him, in fuch fort as this lord had payd to the 
Kinge, rated at ten fhillings for each Knights fee, when the King went with his 
Army to the Seidge of Byham Caftle, whom this lord, accordinge to the tenure of 
his barony, attended. 



SCntl nowe fetled in his eflate, this lord accordinge to the prefident of his 
Anceflors, for the helth of his owne Soule, and for the Soules of Robert the fonne 
of Hardinge his grandfather, and of Maurice de Berkeley his father, and of Robert 
de Berkeley his brother, and of Jone his owne wife, confirmeth to the Abbot and 
Covent of S' Auguflines Monaflery, All the grants of the Manors, lands, and 
tenements, which were formerly | given to that houfe, by his fayd Grandfather, 
and by his father and brother, (recitinge what each of them had given.) 511nll out 
of his owne Charity giveth further vnto them, divers other meffuages, lands, and 
rents in Cowley, Berkeley, and Hineton, and comon of paflure for fewer and twenty 
Oxen betweene Longbridge and Egeton neere Berkeley. 5llllJ> alfo difchargeth all 
other their lands whatfoever lying within any of his manors or hundreds of Berkeley 
and Portbury (of whomfoever obtayned) from all manner of Services and earthly 
demaunds, tOnrip in their prayers they fliould remember the Soules health of all 
his parents, of himfelfe, the lady Jone his wife,, and all theire children, faith the 
Deed. Cl)C Abbot and Covent in like manner accordinge to the prefident of theire 
predeceffors, within fewe yeares after, implead this lord Thomas before the popes 
delegates for the Tythes of pawnage of his woods, of his fifhings, and of his mills, 
StnlJ before the kinges Juftices implead him for the Manor of Arlingham, for the 
Manor of Bray, the land of Lorwinge and for divers high wayes, 3Cnb for that by 
his enclofures he had begirt theire lands &c., which beinge ready for tryall before 
the Kings Juftices Itinerant then fittinge at Gloucefter, And both this Lord and 

the 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 
Aug: chart: fo: 57. 
58. 59. in caRro 
de Berkeley. 



130 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 
Aug : chart: ibm 
fol: S7- 



no 



€|)e %iMt0 of tijc 25erfedcpj6f 



the Abbot in perfon profecuting theire fuites, by the mediation of frends on both 
partes, they drew themfelves into S' Peters Church, And there in May in the 
twentieth yeare of King Henry the third. Anno. 1236. to the honor of holy S' 
Auguftine, (as the agreement fpeaketh) after much altercation, thus agreed, 



Carta in Caflro ^Ci^ this Lord fhould for ever pay all the fayd Tythes and the rents demaunded 

without contradiction, And fhould releafe to the Abbot a rent lamprey which he vfed 
to pay for Oldminfler land in Hinton ; and all exa6lion and fecular vexation which 
hee required of them to his hundred of Berkeley &c. 5finll on the other part, That 
the Abbot fliould releafe to this lord and his heires, all the right & clayme in the 
Manors of Arlingham, and of Bray, and in Lorwinge &c. 3llnll further, that this 
lord fhould fpetially withdrawe his writ of prohibition that hee purfued againft the 
131 faid Abbot : | For performance whereof each party tooke a folemne oath, %n\i 
further that each fhould forfeit to other tenne markes for everye article of this 
agreement that either of them fhould breake, which by the Ecclefiafticall cenfure 
duae cartas in of the Bifhop of Worcefter for the tyme beinge fhould bee leavied : %U which by 
mutuall Deeds on either part was fhortly after ratified. 



Callro de Berkley. 



Vetus manufc : in 
CaflrodeBerkeley. 



f$i0 %\n\t^ anb bctotionjGf 

Co the Abbot of Kingefwood (in the tyme of the Controverfie with Saint 
Auguftines Abbot) this Lord not onely confirmed all the donations of his brother 
the Lord Robert, but gave alfo divers meffuages and Lands in Hame, and at Edge 
neere Simondfall, Appoyntinge the fayd Abbot to diflribute part of the rents thereof 
to poore people on the day of his Aniverfary, And with the refl to augment the diet 
of the Menkes on the fame day ; Cl)i^ may feeme to have bene a Charity of defpite, 
to anger the Abbot of S' Auguftines then his adverfarye by feeing the liberality of 
this Lord fall into a gulfe, from whence was noe reboundinge : #nc begger is ever 
woe, to fee an other by his doore to goe. 



Newl: Pedegr. in ^JlnJj alfo this lord,"as Abbot Newland hath, was a fingular benefadlor to the 

CaarodeBerkeley. j^^^^.^^jj ^^ g. Katherins by Briftoll. 



ciiartul. in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



%t which tyme alfo, this lord gave certaine lands in Slimbridge to Elias Butler, 
to pay for ever out of the fame to the Chantry preift there, for the better fervice of 
our lady and of S' Katherine, fower gallons of Oyle and fix pound of wax to burne 
before them, for the good of his owne Soule, his Fathers, Mothers, and of Jone 
his wife. 

Co 



1243 



life of C^oninjef tfje f irjrt 



€o l)ifl{ Burgeffes of his burrowe of Berkeley, hee granted fuch comon of 
pafture without the Towne of Berkeley as they were wont to have. 

3IInil (amongft other things) That none of them fhould bee chofen Reeve againft Carta cQ Maiore 
theire owne will, who (hould have his wages accuftomed of right. 3tnb that within ^^ Berkeley, 
the fayd Burrowe noe Attachments fhould thenceforth be made but by the Reeve 
or bayly of the burrowe. | 

Co the pryor and Covent of Bradenftocke, this Lord Thomas gave all his ^32 
lands in Vleigh in the tenures of Gilbert Spirwit and Godwin Cuneley with their m- g, 
bodies and fequele, for the foules health of himfelfe, his wife, brother, Anceflors, 
and pofterity : UDI^i) are nowe the lands of Tho : Dorney and others, worth three- 
fcore pounds per Ann. 

j^iiS fiirtijnr latuc 0\uU0 

Cl)C next yeare after he had fued his livery in the fifth yeare of Kinge Henry Jurat, et aflis : 
the third, Peter de la Hay arraigned an Affi5e of Novell diffeifm againfl; him at s'jr,; 
Glouc. before the Juftices Itinerant for lands in Berkeley, but for not profecutinge, 
both himfelfe and his pledges were amerced. 

%t the fame tyme, Robert the fonne of Guido brought the like Affife againfl Eadem. 
this Lord and Robert fitj Richard, for lands in Arlingham, but, before tryall, 
retraced his fuit, for which both hee and his pledges were amerced. 

3!lt which Affifes alfo it was prefented. That one Reginold a preifl had killed ^ ^™' 
one Marke the fonne of Agnes, for which he was apprehended, and imprifoned in 
Berkeley Caflle, from whence hee was taken by the comaund of Guido the popes 
legate, and removed to the prifon of the Bifhop of Salifbury, where the preifl 
dyed : CfjiiGf lord Thomas being blamed for keepinge the preifl foe longe in prifon 
in his Caftle, e.xcufeth it to bee in the life tyme of the lord Robert his brother. And 
that willingly henceforth hee will 'deliver his prifoners to the Sherife of the County. 



3finlJ it was then further prefented, That a fervant to Henry de Berkeley of 
Durfeley had flayne a woeman, for which fa6l hee was apprehended and Comitted 
prifoner to Berkeley Caflle, from whence hee efcapes and flyes to Durfley Church : 
Hee confeffeth that, & other fafts, as lewd; Abiures the kingdome : ffor this efcape 
out of his prifon, this lord Thomas is amerced : %U which with divers the like 

prefentments 



Eadem. 



112 



€!jc HiijCief of tljc 25n:ftdcp^ 



I220 



133 prefentments for imprlfonments and efcapes | for which this lord is fined and 
amerced, are remayninge in thee Treafory of the Exchequer of that yeare in itinere 
Abbatis de Evefham vnder the title of Berkeley hundred. 

Claus: 13. H : 3. ^^ the thirteenth yeare of King Henry the third, this lord impleaded Peter 

dorfo. Burges for a yard land in Frampton. 



Claus. 14. H : 3 : 
m : 16. 



25rforC John de Monmouth and his fellowe Juflices in Eire, to inquire of 
offences comitted in the kings Forrefts, in the fowerteenth of the faide kinge this 
lord was prefented to have killed a ftagge in the Foreft of Deane, and amerced, for 
which Offence hee obtayned the kings pardon. 



Ptita Michael: in ^^ the feaventeenth of King Henry the third, the Abbot of Kingefwood 

rot. I. demaunds againfl this Lord, the cuflody of the body and lands of the heire of 

Carta cum Rico Wittm fonne and heire of Elias de Combe by Wotton, held (fayth the Abbot) 

n ges e om e. ^j- j^j^ ^^ knight fervice ; whereto this lord anfweres, That Robert the fonne of 

See fol : [20] Harding enfeoffed Elias his brother and his heires of one hide of land in Combe, 

To hold by knight fervice, which Elias had iffue Wittm, and Wittm had iffue 

Wittm, All whom and theire heires held of the fayd Robert and his heires, And 

foe concludes that the wardfhippe appertaynes to him ; wherevpon a venire facias 

is awarded to try the tenure. 

Claus: 18. H : 3 0[it the Eighteenth yeare of Henry the third, it was found by Jury that that 

part of land in Slimbridge called the Warth (which the twoe Townfhipps of Slimbridg 
and Awre did clayme one agaynft the other) did belonge to Slimbridge and not to 
Awre, Becaufe, before the water of Seaverne did weare away that ground, caftinge 
of it to Aure feilds, it was part of Slimbridge arrable and pafture feilds. And nowe 
being agayne worne away from Awre, and caft to Slimbridge feilds agayne, it ought 
to be pafture belonginge to Slimbridge, (fayth this record) And therefore the Kinge 
awarded his writ to the Sherife to give this Lord Thomas feifm accordingly; whereof 
read more in the life of Thomas the fecond, and of Thomas the fourth, and of James 
the firft ; And this is that fertile peece of ground called Slimbridge Warth at this 
day . Anno . 1624. | 



134 "^n the three and twentieth of King Henry the third, this lord complayned 

Ptita : 23. H : 3. againft Ifabell Gifford for keeping from him the profitts of the landes, and the 

in banco, heire of Ofbert Gifford, which to him belonged, becaufe they were holden of him 

by knight fervice lyinge in Hame. ^10 



1243 tlifc of iCfjomn^ rtjc fk0t 113 

iiSurf) were the tymes for the moft part whUeft this Lord Thomas fate Lord, 
That many of his Tenants in divers of his manors, holdinge of him for lives, by 
Copy, furrendred up and leaft theire lands into his hands becaufe they were not able 
to pay the rent and doe the fervices, which alfo often happened in the tyme of his 
elder brother the Lord Robert : 3C|ttl this the more confirmed him in his faid 
brothers error whereby this lord alfo enfeoffed foe many of his lands to them and 
theire heires, in fuch his manors, as he could find Chapmen for ; refervinge the befl 
rents hee could ; thereby to hold up his revenue conftant, which was at the rate 
of twoe pence an acre for the befl arrable, and fower pence an Acre for the beft 
meadowe, whereof I haue feene more then fifty deeds, which continue freeholds to 
this daye. Cl^e one at this daye (in Hame where moft many of theis Feofments 
were made) worth fifteene fhillings the acre. And the other xxv? the acre ; Z^ 
influence of which ill hufbandry (founded vpon falfe principles) as I have in the 
laft, foe I fhall in the next five lords, haue iufter caufe to fpeake of, and complayne. 

SHIjafO hee much pared the fkirts of his chace of Michaell wood by granting in 
fee many Acres thereof to divers men, at three pence, fower pence, and fix pence 
the Acre rent ; whereof I have feene many in the hands of the freeholders holding 
at this day vnder thofe grants. 

Cf)iiE( lord had in him a ftronger feelinge of hufbandry (I fay not of devotion) 
then his elder brother, for as on the one hand, hee made his rents to ftand certaine 
by his Feoffments, Soe on the other hand, hee reduced greate quantities of ground 
into enclofures and feveralty, by procureinge many releafes of Comon from free 
holders, wherein hee beftowed much labor, 5Ilnll the like in Exchanges of grounds 
with them, fome in greater, fome in leffer quantities, fome lefs than a quarter of an 
Acre ; | 

^in many of which releafes and exchanges are theis and the like claufes often 135 
found, banc conventionem fideliter et fine dolo tenendam, ex vtraque parte afifida- 
verunt, for the true obfervance of which agreement, either party hath given his 
Oath to other. 5Ilnb amongft other parts of his demefnes about Berkeley thus 
reduced into feveralty and freed from Comon, were Hocley and Shobenaffe now 
called Oakley and Shepnaffe, thus made two parkes by him : jfot at this tyme, lay 
all lands in Comon feilds, here one acre or ridge, and there an other, one mans 
intermixt with an other, as yet is in many other Countries, j|)otD6cit throughout 

Q this 



114 €|)e EibcjEf of tt^c 25crftricp;S 1220 

this whole Barony of Berkeley and in all that vale vnder Cotfell hills from Briftoll 
to Glouc : and foe (in effedl) to Evefliam, the courfe is fhorter in our dayes ; for 
' all along that tra6l of ground, wee inclofe, convert, and keepe in feverall to our 
felves, our grounds which before laye open with the Comon feilds, vnder the 
prefcription of, mos patriae, the cuflome of the Countrey ; Abridginge withall our 
felves of ratable Comon for fheep and other Cattle, according to the acres of our 
enclofures : 3Cntl foe alfo ftandeth our prefcription in exclufion of Tythes for beech 
wood, loppes, fhrowds,^ willowes, ofiers, and fome others, that by the Cuftome, (not 
of this, or th'other parifh) but of the wholl Country, wee pay none : 5llnD in that 
fort wee prefcribe, in non decimando, in payinge noe Tythes. 

fin: 12. H: 3: 1^2. tyme it felfe wherein this lord lived, prefented him with fome prefidents 

pars I. m. 5. bis. .. ,...., ,•• 

j^ of mcouragement and mvitation m the parts next adioynmge, for at the general! 

ps. I. m: 8: et. 12. petition of the Inhabitants of all thofe parts, and efpetially of the men of the forreft 

of Horwood, and for one hundred and fifty pounds in money, Kinge Henry the 

ps. I. third in the xij'** and xiij* yeares of his raigne, did difafforrefl all the Townes, 

Rot: pip: 12. et. landes, and woods, betweene Huntingford (where Berkeley hundred and this lords 
lands parted) and the wood of fur5es, (nowe called Kinges wood) within fower 
miles of Brifholl, And foe from Seavern fide to the browe of the hills by Sodbury 
(exceptinge onely Alvefhon parke.) SUntl for more affurance, the Bifhop of Bath 
and Wells for his Manor of Pucklechurch, and fome other lords, tooke particular 
patents of difafforreflation of their proper manors ; ^ot that the age it felfe in 
thofe partes feemed to invite and difpofe it felfe to hufbandry, exchanges, and 
inclofures, more then any former age had done ^gatttiECt which courfe I onely find 
the Abbot of S' Auguflines to have repined and oppofed, as his forementioned 
fuits with this lord have declared. | 

136 j^i^ forren mijplopmcntjef toitf) otfjcr tarioujef ^a^^a^^ 

Pat : 17. H : 3. ^jj^ Kinge the nyne and twentieth of Auguft in the Seaventeenth of his raigne 

being at Hereford in a Journey againfl the Welfh, fends Henry de Ordeny to this 
Lord Thomas to fee that private bufmefs difpatched whereof the kinge had formerly 
conferred with him mouth to mouth, nowe wifhinge him to promote the fame bufmes 

all 
^ Twigs cut off from trees or hedges : 

" When fhales beene flieene & shradds full fajTe 

& leaves both Large and Longe 
itt is merry walking in the fayre fforrefl. 
to hear the fmall birds fong " 
(Guye of Gifbirne in Eifliop Percy's Folio Manufcript. II. 227.) [Ed.] 



1243 



Hifc of Cljomnitf tJje fit^t 



115 



all hee could, in fuch forte as hereafter hee might thanke him ; what the king's 
fecret was, I defire to live in more fafety then to knowe. 

3llnD the fourth of the fame month the Kinge fent to this Lord, defireing as Claus: 17. H : 3. 
that hee loved him and his honor hee would fuffer his Sherife of Gloucefterfhire to 
make him fome (cleias) hurdles de virgis bofcor fuor, of the rods in his woods, for 
his paffage into Ireland. 



3inil the tenth of November in the next yeare, the kinge by his writ from 
Hereford, enioynes this lord vpon his allegiance, That hee fhould deliver to Eymery 
de Sacy and his fellows knights fent for prefervation of the peace in thofe parts, his 
Caflle of Berkeley To hold as longe as fliould pleafe the Kinge, 311lltl the xxiiij'"" of 
the fame month fends to the Bifliopps, That as they loved theire baronies they 
fhould not at that their affembly at Glouc, confult of anye thinge that concerned him 
or his Crowne. 



Pat. 18. H. 3. 
m. 18. 



3Ilntl the five and twentieth of January in the five and twentieth yeare, this Claus. 25 H. 3 
Lord with others, was defired from the Kinge to viewe all the defe6ls in his Caflells 
in the County of Glouc : , and at what charges they might bee amended. 



26. H: 3. claus. 
pars. 3 in dorfo. 



pars, 
anni. 



CIjC pipe roll in the xxvj'^ yeare of this Kinge, fhewes, howe this lord Thomas Rot: pip: 26. H: 3. 
became dettor to the Kinge in threefcore markes not to pafs with him into Gafcoigne, 
befides that efcuage money which hee | freely gave the Kinge for that voyage, 3l!niJ 137 
the fifteenth of June in the fame yeare, the Kinge when at Zantoigne in Gafcoigne, 
and the truce betweene him and the French Kinge broken, writes to this Lord 
Thomas, That hee fhould fend in his fleed his fonne vnto him with three others for 
his warrs, And then he would releafe to him the Efcuage fine of threefcore markes, 
which himfelfe was to pay by proces out of the Exchequer for not goeing over with 
him, 511nb in the meane tyme writes alfo to the Sherife of Glouceflerfhire to forbeare 
the leavyinge of it till three weekes after Michaelmas, 3llit& the fifth of November Claus. 
followinge, is the Sherife of newe comaunded to forbeare the leavyinge of the fame ^"^^ ' 
vntill the Kings returne from beyond feas, becaufe the fayd lord had accordingly 
fent his fonne Maurice with three knights his attendants for his then warres againft 
the French. 



ciufd 



27- H: 3. 
. m : 10. 



3lnil the thirtieth of January followinge, writes from Burdeaux in France to Claus. 27. H : 3. 
the Barons of his Exchequer here, that becaufe hee had accordingly fent his fonne ^^^^' '•'"■"■ 
Q 2 Maurice 



ii6 



€|)c %i\ic^ of ttje ^txMep^ 



Maurice, cum tertio militum, with three other knights, vnto him, they fhould remitt 
that threefcore markes fyne, which for his ftay at home not goeinge with the kinge, 
hee had compounded for to have payd, And that if any part thereof were eyther 
payd, or any diftrefs taken, it fliould be reflored agayne. 

Rot : pip -.28. H: 3. JBijcrctDitlj agrees the pipe roll of the yeare followinge, wherein, vpon the 

accompt of the Sherife of the County of Gloucefter, the forefaid threefcore markes 
is remitted by the Kings will, becaufe faith that record, this lord fent his fonne 
Maurice into Gafcoigne, fe, tertio milite, with three knights attending him. 



Claus. 27. H: 
pars. I. m : 1 



See after fo 



:[iS0] 



Paten : 16. 17. et. 

25 H : 3 : et at: in 

dorfo. 



3(Intl) as it feems, fuch was the faid Maurice acceptable fervice to the Kinge (as 
in his life more largely followeth) That the King the eighteenth of March followinge, 
writes agayne to this Jufticiers appoynted over the affaires of the Jewes then in 
England, That they fhould remit to this Lord Thomas all the intereft money that 
hee owed to David the J ewe of Exeter for one hundred marks which hee had 
borrowed of him, ^ntl that, when hee had payd the faid principall money, they 
fhould caufe the fayd J ewe to | deliver up to him his bond or writeinge concerninge 
the fame, !B{)icf) very writinge in parchment in the Jewifh Chara6ler and language, 
remaynes in Berkeley Caflle at this day, Anno: 1620. 311 referved inftruftion I hope 
to this lords prefent poflerity the lord George, to beware of intereft . vnles hee have 
the like means to efcape from it, as this lord (nowe entred into his Ixxiiij'*' yeare 
and the lafl of his life) had, by the good fervice of his fonne, and his owne wife 
obfervance of the Kinge, and the tyme ; wherein hee was a perfedl Scholler. 

i^ijijOf lord was often imployed by the Kings Comiffions of Oier and terminer, 
afwell for delivery of the Gaole at Gloucefter vpon tryall of the prifoners before 
him, As to heare and determine divers writs of Affize of Novell diffeifm, and other 
a6lions betweene partye and partye, which feemes to imply (as many other obferva- 
tions doe) his knowledge in the lawes of the Realme. 



(Clji^ lord was prefent at the parliament in the Nynth of Henry the third at 

the making of Magna Charta, and Carta de Forefta, Till when the lawes were 

vneflablifhed, And upon the matter, at the kings pleafure, And thereby as fome 

have written, were as quarter-tirants : when alfo cam the Comons to have voyces in 

Parliaments, who before fate not, but were holden by the king and his Peers ; 3inD 

Statut : 20 : H : 3. in the twentieth of Henry the third, at the making of the Statute of Merton, for 

Cooke reports, wardfhips and mariagfes confiftingfe of eleaven chapiters ; In the nynth whereof, in 
pars. 4. in the ^ ° '^ 



preface. 



the 



1243 



Uifc of Cljomajef tl)c fk?t 



117 



the cafe of Baltardy, When the Bilhops and Clergy preffcd, That fuch children as 
were borne before matrimony (held baftards by the Comon lawe of the land, which 
abhorreth Clandefline contracfls), might bee held legctimate to the fucceffion of 
Inheritance, afwell as they that were after borne within matrimony as the lawes of 
the Church accepteth them ; The cry of this lord, with the wholl Baronage then 
prefent, with one voyce, was nolumus mutare leges Anglice, wee will not change the 
lawes of the Realme of England, which hitherto haue bene approved. | 

I^ijGf Wik 139 

^10 lord about the firft yeare of Kinge Henry the third, tooke to wife Jone Ptita et AflTis:^ 
daughter of S' Raph de Somery lord of Campden in Glouceflerfliire (called S' Scii"' '" '^^'^^P 
Raph Gomer in many old Pedegrees, but falfly,) Neece to Wiitm Marfhall Earle of ptita.32. H:3.it5m. 
Pembrooke, whofe mariage portion was 210. markes, and the kings favor, as hath 
bene fayd : by whom hee had iffue that came to remarkeablenes in the world, fix 
fonnes and two daughters, as after followeth. 

C{)ij$ Jone longe furviued her hufband, and dy[e]d not till the raigne of Kinge Efcaet. in arce 
Edward the firft ; for an office in the fecond yeare of that Kings raigne after the n'.'[i2.] 
death of Thomas fonne of Otto lord of the Manor of Woodmancote within the 
parifh of Durfley, flieweth her to bee then livinge. 



f ortl)toiti) after the death of her hufband, againft the lorde Maurice her eldeft Carta in Caaro 

fonne, flie bringeth the writ of Dower, wherevpon an agreement followeth. And ^ '^^' 

fhee by her fonne is enfeoffed for her life of the Manor of Wotton, and of the third 

part of thofe landes which Thomas Brother of the fayd Maurice (then newly 

deceafed without iffue) held at Egge in Wotton by Symondfall and of the Manors 

of Came, Cowley, Hurft, Alkington, and Hinton, To hold to her in dower in 

fattisfacflion of whatfoever fhee might clayme in any the Manors or lands that were 

her hufbands in the Countyes of Gloucefter, Somerfett and Devon ; whereby it 

came, That in the twoe and thirtieth yeare of King Henry the third, fhee was Ptitaaffis:in 

rc ' Sell 12 H * ^ 
prefented to the Affifes at Gloucefler to bee the Kings widow, ex donatione dni „ t, 
^ . t> ' Rot : Ragem : in 

regis. And that her land in that County valued two hundred pownds per Ann ^{)Ct rec : Scij 4. E : i. 
held alfo a Manor in Aure in the hundred of Blediflowe in the County of Gloc : 



J^CC hufband had built a faire houfe neere the Church in Wotton, vpon the place 

of the Capital! meffuage, where before his death hee often abode ; in which place 

fhee kept her refidence mofl of the dayes of her widowhood. And thereupon was t;artre in Caflro 
^ ^ * de Berkeley. 

in 



ii8 



C|)c Hitocjef of tf^c IBctMc^^ 



140 

Rot : in thefaur : 

recept. per fe. 

Cart : 36. H : 3. 



Cartse in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



Wotton Towne. 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 

Vetus manufc : 

in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

141 



Ptita de quo warr. 

15. E: i.rot;i2 in. 

rec. Scij. 



fol : [227.] 



in Comon appellation, called, domina de wotton, my lady of wotton as many Deeds | 
doe wittnefs : 5lnti fuch was her affe6lion to that Manor, that the fecond of Auguft 
in the xxxvj'^ yeare of King Henry the third, (eight yeares after the death of her 
hufband,) fhee procured to her felfe for life, And after to the Lord Maurice her 
fonne and his heires, a grant of free warren within her Manors of Wotton and Came, 
And a Market to be holden every Friday at Wotton, and a faire every yeare to bee 
there likewife holden, vpon the Eve, the daye, and the morrowe, of the exaltation of 
the holy Crofs, withall libertyes and free Cuflomes which to a market and fayre 
appertayne : 911ntl for the holding thereof out of her Manor of Wotton, which con- 
fifled of the fix hamletts of Nibley, Sinwell, Wotton, Combe, Wortley, and Bradley, 
fele6led the fayd Hamblet of Wotton, whereof the whole Manor had the name. And 
which at this daye wee call the Burrowe or market Towne of Wotton or the new 
Towne. 3lntl the next yeare after, agreed with the Inhabitants of that hamblett of 
Wotton, by the name of her free Burgeffes of Wotton, That their Burgages fliould 
confifl of a third part of an Acre accordinge to the cuftome and ufages of Tetbury : 
And that every of them fliould haue free entry of Paflurage with a hors and a cowe 
into the three feilds of the faid Manor after Michaelmas day, paying to her twelve 
pence yearly for every burgage. l@I)ic|) deed of the fayd Lady Jone, the Lord 
Maurice by his deed dated on S' Mathews day in the fayd xxxvij'*" yeare of Henry 
the third (the date alfo of the fayd lady J one's), confirmed for him and his heires 
31Iltil this was the tyme, and this the manner of the new Townes begeninge and 
building, where nowe it ftandeth, the backer part whereof is called the old Towne 
to this day : 511ntl this place in many deeds, for the fpace of one age after, was 
written, novus burgus, the newe burrowe Towne ; And found the favour to obtayne 
afterwards from the lord Thomas fonne and heire of the fayd Maurice, a confirma- 
tion by his deed dated on Eafter daye. 1282 . in the Tenth yeare of Kinge Edward 
the firfl, (the next yeare after his Barony was difcended vpon him,) of all | their 
burgages, Comons, and Cuflomes, as freely as they held or enioyed the fame in the 
tyme of his Father, tD{)tcf) grant of free warren, market, and faire was in the 
fifteenth yeare of King Edward the firflr vpon a writt of quo warranto then brought 
againft Thomas Lo : Berkeley fonne and heire of the fayd Maurice, pleaded againfl 
the kinge, and allowed vnto him, as in the life of the fayd Lord Thomas is declared. 



'CfjijSf lady Jone may bee held to have bene fomewhat too much enclined to 
contention, through the many fuits of fmall moment wherew'.'' fliee oft entangled 
herfelfe, both with fecular and ecclefiafticall perfons whereof I mention many 
amongft the lawe fuites of the lord her fonne, for that fuch fuites for the mod part 
refledled vpon his inheritance, but omit more. i^auittg 



1243 



Htfe of €ftonmtf the fk0t 



119 



l^auing overlived the ordinary courfe of nature in the height of old age, (hee Newl : pedeg : in 

deceafed on the xxij'.'' daye of May about the fourth yeare of the raigne of King ^^ JX^ " '^^^' 

Edward the firft, And was buryed neer her hufband in the Church of the Monaftery E: i. inRec/Scij. 
of S' Auguftines. 

1. )3l[^unce eldefl fonne of this lord, fucceeded in honor, whofe life at large 
doth followe. 

2. Cl)Onia^ the fecond fonne, fomewhat furviued his Father, part of whofe 
portion was the lands at the Edge, with Simondfall, which hee enlarged by his 
purchafe made of divers lands there from Elias of Combe, of whom I have formerly 
written : J^CC attayned the honor of knighthood, and dyed vnmaried about the 
xxxij'!" yeare of Henry the third ; And in fleed of children to inherite him, gave a 
great portion of thofe lands and woods which were of his fathers guift and his owne 
purchafe, to the Monaftery of Kingefwood, by feverall deeds at feverall tymes, | 
wherein hee expreffeth the intent of his donations to bee, for the welfare of his 
owne foule, and of his fathers, and Mothers, and all his Anceflors and freinds ; 
which the lord Maurice his brother after confirmed : 5Ilnil theis at this daye are the 
inheritance of S' Gabriell Lowe knight fonne of S' Thomas Lowe an Alderman of 
London, reputed parcell of his Mannor of Owfelworth which by theis guifts is much 
inlarged : "^n which monaftery this Thomas lyeth buryed : dj^oit whofe death 
Robert de Berkeley as brother & heire to this Thomas brought feaven feverall 
aftions againft the Abbot of Kingefwood and fix others for lands in Simondfall 
and Berkeley, which (faith hee) difcended to him as heire to Thomas his brother, 
dead without iffue : The Abbot and they plead that Maurice was elder brother to 
him the fayd Robert, to whom the lands ought to difcend and not to him, And foe 
was barred in his fute and amerced pro falfo clamore : HDijJcf) is all that ever I found 3. 
of the fayd Robert, who was third fonne of this Lord Thomas. 

4- ]^Cnrp his fourth fonne, attayned likewife to the honor of Knighthood, as carts in Caftro 

many deeds doe wittnes : Hee dwelt at Beoly which hee had by conveyance from ,? er-ee>. 

Magna cartui : fo: 
his father, as alfo divers other lands in Wotton and Came. 3tnb from the liberality 59. in callro de 

of Jone his Mother, hee had in her widowhood, a meffage and a yarde land in ^^'''^^'^y^ 

Bradley to him and the heires of his body, with remainder to Richard his brother 

and the heires of his body : I find noe iffue difcended of him. 

5. H^tQiam the fifth fonne of this Lord Thomas and Jone, was likewife carta in caftro 
rewarded with the degree of Knighthood ; his portion (in part of his maintenance) ^^ Berkeley. 



Carta in Caftro 

de Berkeley. 

ptita affis : 32. 

H:3. 

in thefaur : Scij. 



142 

diuerfae Cartae 
in Caftro de 
Berkeley. 



Ptita affis : 32. 
H:3.rot: 



€l)c HiDcjaf of ttjc ^ttMcT?0 



1262. 



magna chartul. 
fo : 36. 37. 

Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 

carta cu Antonio 

Kingefcot de 

Kingefcot. 

Carta in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 



Ro^t de Glouc : 
in vita Regis. H: 3. 



ptita cora Rage 

Hilar : 56. H : 3 

rot: 18. 



was in Bradley, wherein hee afterwards in the xlvij* of Henry the third eflated 
Peter of Ewley for his Hfe, what tyme for fifty markes more in money hee bought 
him out of his part of the village of Ewley which his Anceflors had long held, And 
thenceforth for fome tyme hee lyved in that parifh with Margaret his fifter then the 
wife of Ancelme Baffet, as after followeth: which purchafe of his, John fonne of the 
fayd Peeter of Ewley afterward | confirmed to him : Jpcc tafled alfo of his Mothers 
liberality, whoe gave to him and the heires of his body the manor houfe of Bradley 
now the inheritance of Arnold Oldifworth Anno 1620. J^CC had iffue a fonne called 
Mauricius de Came by Maude his wife daughter of Nigell of Kingefcote, To whom 
his Cojen Germaine the lord Thomas in the one and twentieth of Edward the firft 
granted that hee and his Tenants in Came fhould bee freed from payement of peter 
pence. 3ilE)0Ut which tyme hee dying without iffue, his faid lands in Bradley reverted 
to the fayd Lord Thomas as right heire of the lady jone his grandmother. <^f^0 
S' Wiitm, as I conceive, is hee, of whom Robertt de Gloucefler in his manufcript 
Chronicle in the life of king Henry the third, writeth. That the Sunday before the 
battaile of Evefliam, a famous K' wittm de Berkeley, with a great number of welch- 
men arryved at Mynhed before Dunfler for to robb Somerfetfhire ; Againft which 
Adam Gurden keeper of the Caftle, came with ftrength and withflood them, and 
many flue, and many foe diflreffed foe with their Captayne, that they dreint^ to 
botewards. 5llllb in this lvj'^ yeare of King Henry the third, hee came before the 
Kinge then at the Tower in London, and promifed to render himfelfe into the 
religion of S' John Jherufalem, or of the Templers, before quindena Pafche in that 
yeare. And to goe towards Jherufalem or to any other place out of the kingdome 
of England, as hee fliould bee dire6led by the bretheren of that Order, never after 
to returne into England, and thereof tooke his Oath, and put in fowertene pledges 
to performe the fame, whereof his brother Richard de Berkeley was one ; which 
banifhment, I fuppofe, was occafioned by his former infurre61;ion or inrode. 



Rot. pip: 46. 50. 

et 55. H: 3. 

ptita cora rege 

56. H: 3. rot: 18. 



6. l!{tcf)attl the fixth fonne, was alfo a K', and often written, Ricus de Berket 

frater Mauric de Berkele, And Ricus de Berket de Cora wiltefs ; HDljat portion he 

had from his father., other then his lands in Wiltfhire, I find not, but from his 

Mothers grant hee had divers lands in Nibley, which after her death hee fold to 

John Sechevile by his deed fealed with the Cheveron without the Croffes, diflin- 

fin: 45. H: 3. et 53 guifhed by a file with five labels, to fhewe that he then was a fifth brother, And 

eiufd Regis, ^^^^.j^ ^^iq fuperfcription, Sigillum Rici de Berket. 3llntl of his owne feverall purchafes, 

Baffet de Ewley. had divers lands in Ewley Huntingford and Wike, <ll»f whome I have read noe 

more 
1 " dreint" — third perfon plural of the preterite of to draw A. S. dragan pad participle drsegen. [Ed.] 



1243 



%\k of Cljoma^ tfjc fiv0t 



121 



more, fave that the Knighthoods of all theis bretheren | were gayned in many 
batels againft the Welfh, Scotts, and French, where they often were with theire 
father, and elder brother, vnder whofc cullors fome of them dyed. Sfintl that in 
the liij"" yeare of kinge Henry the third, was a troublefome fuite betweene this 
Richard de Berkeley and Robert de Stone for halfe a yard land in Came. 



144 

ptita de AfTis. 
53- H:3. 
apud Glouc : 



7. fll^argarrt daughter of this Lord Thomas, was in her fathers life tyme ^ '^^^^^ '" CaRro 

de Berkeley, 



diverfoe Cartae 
cu witto BafTett 
At: et wifio Gibbs 
de Nibley : 
Baffet. 



maryed to S' Ancelme Baffet knight, to whom and the heires of her body her 

father had formerly given, (whileft Ihee was fole) the moytie of the manor of Ewley 

in the hundred of Berkeley, To hold of him by the fervice of the fourth part of a 

knights fee, and by twoe fuits to his hundred of Berkeley yearly : JlDljifl) Ancelme 

& Margaret had iffue John and Edmond both knights ; John dyed without iffue ; 

And the faid Edmond by Ifabell his wife daughter and coheire of an other Baffett, 

had iffue S' Symon Baffett knight, a gentleman as remarkeable in his tyme as any 

that then lived in his County, as more then forty records doe wittneffe ; who by 

Mawd daughter and coheire of John de Bitton, had iffue S"' John and Maurice. 

S' John dyed without iffue, And Maurice had iffue John Baffett, father of Robert 

Baffett, Father of Giles, father of Robert, father of William, father of Edward, who 

by Ifable his wife daughter of Henry Ligon Efq^ (of much eftimacbn with Henry 

Lord Berkeley) had iffue William Baffet, father of William ; flill owner of the fayd 

moytie of the Manor of Ewley aforefayd, ward to the kings Ma'." that nowe is for 

his lands in the County of Somerfett holden in Capite, Anno , 1618 : Of the yonger fol: [628] 

branches of which Edward and Ifabell Ligon his wife, read after in the life of 

Maurice lord Berkeley the fifth of that name. 



8. '^ijefoljdl yongeft daughter of this Lord Thomas lyved long in the familyes 
of her brother and Nephewe, the two next Lords, and was never maryed for any 
thinge that I have obferved. | 

CfjC feales which this lord Thomas vfed to his Charters both in yellowe and 
greene wax were of divers forts : Sometymes he fealed with the Chevron, and the 
George on horfebacke on the Reverfs : fometymes with the Chevron alone, without 
any reverfs or privy feale on the dorfe at all : And fometymes with the George 
mounted ; and for the revers a naked old man fupported by crutches : All his Seales 
were circumfcribed, Sigillum Thomae de Berkelai. And was the firfl that brought 
the Chevron into the bearing of this family. Behold the Figures. 



145 



I 



122 



€|jc Uibf^ of tfjc ^etMt^0 





^10 ticatt) anti platt of {tuciall 

5JlfttC this Thomas had fit Lord three and twenty yeares and a halfe from the 
death of his brother, and was aged about threefcore and fixtene, cometh the xxix'*" 
of November . 1243 . in the begininge of the xxviij"" yeare of King Henry the 
third, when he furrendreth his foule to him that gave it, And his body to the keep- 
inge of the Monaflery Church of S' Auguflines by Brifloll in the fouth He, in the 
Arch next the rood Altar, %vii his earthly honor and barony to Maurice his eldeft 
fonn, And theis poffeffions to maintaine the flate thereof, as the offices after his 
death lately extant of record, but nowe perifhed from the file (but exemplified vnder 
the great Scale fifty yeares paft and foe ftill remayninge in Berkeley Caftle) doe 
declare. | 
146 ^10 lanti^ tDljctcof l)e &pcb ^ei^ttx 

The manor of Berkeley 

The manor of Hame, under which is 

Appleridg comprehended 
The manor of Alkington 
The manor of Hineton 
The manor of Hurft 
The manor of Slimbridge 
The manor of Came 
The manor of Cowley 
The manor of Wotton 
The manor of Simondfall 
The manor of Arlingham 
The hundred of Berkeley 

Wf^it^ (faith the office) are of the old Feoffment of the Kinge, and holden by 
five knights fees, whereof S' Robert de Gurnay is to acquite him of one knights 

fee 



In the County of Glouc 
valewed at 212" 12' 11''. 



1243 



aifc of Cljomnjef tljc fit.flft 



123 



fee and a halfe for Beverfton and Kingefweflon, And Nicholas the fonne of Roger, 

of halfe a knights ffee, for Hill and Nymesfeild. 

The manor of Portbury | -.i/^ . fc_r» 

. ^ f '" ^"^ County of Somerfet 

The manor of Bedminfter ) 

The three hundreds of Bedminfler, Portbury and Hareclive which hee pur- finis in banco. 
chafed of Maurice de Gant his Cozen, whofe father Robert de Were had the fame 
of Rot)t Fitz Hardinge his Father. 

'd)C manor of Bray in the County of Deuon which this lord gave to Thomas ^^gj^kelai "^^ 

his fecond fonne and his heires. His manor of Foxcott this lord gave to his carta in caflro 
Nephewe Ofbert Gifford his fiflers fonne in ffee, who was one of his Caftle pledges 

to the king as formerly is touched. fol '■ ['^tI 

€J)c application aitb Wc of fjijf iifc 

I. CljC life of this lord crowneth the truth, That affli6lion maketh wife : for 
after hee had freed himfelfe from his rebellion againfl: King John (wherein hee 
fided with the Lord Robert his elder brother) and had obtayned, by the mixt meanes 
of money, frendfhip, and manage, | his lands out of the kings hands. Though hee 147 
fawe three and twenty yeares after, in a tyme wherein the affaires of ftate never 
went certayne or playne, but either vphill, downhill, or in crooked courfes, vnder an 
vnconftant kinge, get hee foe evenly obferved a prudent inclyninge after the 
ftrongeft powers. That hee ever avoyded thofe Court & Country ftormes, which in 
his tyme, blewe downe many flronger Cedars then himfelf : (©UC dayes tell vs, That 
this prudence, is, to be a bendinge withy, not a ftubborne Oke : A prefident for 
prefent tymes ; And hee that taught vs to bee harmleffe as doves, bad us alfo bee 
wife as ferpents. 

2. 3il0atne, by the example and practice of this wife lord, his poflerity is in- 
ftrufted, not to make themfelves as bodyes of Chriftall, that all men may looke 
through them, and difcerne all the partes of theire difpofitions ; And thereby teach 
others either howe to ryde or drive them ; But to knowe that wife men, though 
they have fmgle harts in all that is iufl and vertuous, yett they are like Coffers with 
double bottomes, which when others looke into being opened, they fee not all that 
they hold on the Sodaine, and at once ; And how this their prudent Anceftor fitted 
his counfells and Adlions with the kinge and flate, accordinge to the tymes and 
Seafons, not fufferinge fuch an hole to bee in his hart, as every foole to looke at ; 
And to doe thereafter. 

R 2 3. %qam, 



124 <2:|)c %i\it0 of rtjc 25n:feclcpjtf 1220 

3. ^UgahtC, the life of this lord, not more prudent then modeft, ferveth to 
depreffe and deiedl vayne glorious men, ftandinge much vpon their gentry and 
difcent, as many bragadochioes doe, that have noething to comend them but theire 
Anceftors names and Armes ; As for their vertues and lands, they have fhipwrackt 
them in theire Journey towards Vtopia, with theire wardrobe to boot ; A bafe 
humor, far removed from this worthy lord, As I hope it will ever bee from all his 
noble pofterity. | 



148 blank 



fim^ €fjomaief tijc fic^t 



®l)e Cife of ilTaurire tl)c Second 



149 



€l)c %ik of Maurice lord Berkeley the fccond of that Diuerfae Carta: 

■.,,. .. -iT-vii All • ■'' Caftro de Berk : 

name, Itiled in writings, Mauric de Berkct : And, dominus Aug ■ chartut ■ foi • 

Mauricius de Berkeley ; 3tnD, Mauricius Diis de Berkeley ; ^o. 61. 62. 

3Cnb, dns Mauricius Dns de Berkeley %n\i Mauric de Berket f^^scCia' ' ^"''^ 

dns de Portbury ; And Mauricius de Berket filius et ha;res 

Thome de Berket. 

SCnli may bee called, Maurice the refolute. 

Contcmporarp with Kinge Henry the third ; and part of 

Kinge Edward the firft, from. 1243.10 1281. 

W^o0e life I lay downe vnder theis ten titles (viz'. ) 



diuers rot : in arce 
londontemp:H:3. 



— I^iiS manner of entringe vpon his barony . fol : 149. 

— f^i^ liberality to the Abby of S' Auguflines . fol : 151. 

— i^j.Sf fuites in lawe . fol : 152. 

— K^i^ hufbandries . fol : 166. 

— i^i^ wife . fol : 171. 

— I^ij^ iffue . fol : 1 74. 

— ]^i^ feales of Armes . fol : 1 77. 

— ^10 death and place of buriall . fol : 1 78. 

— j^ijBi Lands whereof hee dyed feifed . fol : 1 78. 

— C|)C Application and vfe of his life . fol : 179. 



Claus : 26. H : 3. 
pars 3. in dorfo 
Rot. pip: 28. H:3. 



M0 manner of entringe bpon !)i^ 25aronp 

^^^1^15 Core ZlTdUriC^ v'as not long before his fathers death returned 

\^ ^ from the warres of France, where almoft two yeares hee had remayned 

with kinge Henry the third, whofe letter to his Father, (when in the fix 

and twentieth of his raigne from Zantoigne in Gafcoigne hee fent for him) is. That Glouc : 

the French then intended noething but warre : whereupon this Maurice leavinge 

behind him | a prote6lion from all fuites and troubles in his eftate whileft hee fhould 150 

bee in the kings fervice, went over, attended with three knights as hath bene faid in pat : et cart 

, 26. H : 3. 
^he fol: [.37] 



126 



€l)c HitJCiSf of t^e ^ttMe^^ 



1243 



pat : et : cart : 27: 

28. H:3. invafcon. 

m : 17. 



fin : 27. H : 3. 
pars. I. 



Claus : 28 : H : 3. 
pars. I. m : 17. 

See before 
fol : [137] 



fin : 38. H : 3. 

pars. I m : 10. 

Originat: in Sccio. 

28. H : 3. 

Magn:rot:in Sccio. 

28. H: 3. 

Pafch: rec: 4:E:3. 

in Sccio : rot : 7 et 

8. 

Rot. pip : 28 :H: 3. 

Glouc ; eod rot. 

29. et 31. H: 3. 



fin : 28 : H : 3. 

pars. I. m : 9. 

fin :29.H :3. 01:3. 



the life of his father ; ^Ultil by his fervice obtayned thofe benefitts to his fathers 
eftate whereof mention hath bene already made ; And the kings good opinion 
towards himfelfe, declared in his guift of twenty markes to buy him an hors the 
fixth of February in the xxvij''' of his raigne then at Burdeaux whereof hee 
receyved five markes in hand, and warrant for the reft out of the firft monyes that 
fhould come out of England. 

5llnll the xxvij"" of the fame month had, de dono regis, given him by the kinge, 
twenty markes more out of the kings coffars, as a reward of his fervice. 

3tnb the fixteenth of December following in the xxviij''* of the kinge (three 
weekes after his fathers death) the kinge out of his prerogative over the Jewes and 
favor to this lord, remitted to him the hundred markes which his father the lord 
Thomas had borrowed of David the Jewe of Exceter, comandinge his fecurity 
given for the fame to be taken from the Jewe, and delivered vp to him ; %vi\ for 
lawe, renders this reafon, becaufe it was borrowed by the lord Thomas his father 
for the better furnifhinge of his fonne Maurice ad transfretandum in Vafconiam in 
fervicio regis, to paffe over fea into Gafcoigne in the kings fervice ; 5llib thus was 
the Jewe ufed like a Jewe, flript firft of his interefl, and then of his principall 
monye. 

Stnil the xxiiij'^ of the fame December this Lord did his homage to the kinge 
at Windfor for his Barony and lands, three weekes before difcended in Fee fimple 
vpon him by the death of his Father, And had feifin accordinge to the courfe of the 
Excheq., with his writ to the Sherife of Gloucefterfhire, wherein hee was required 
to take fecurity for his releefe, which hee compounded with the kinge for one 
hundred pownds. And foe payd as by the pipe roll in theis words appeares : M auric 
de Berkeley reddit compm de . loo'-' pro retio fuo de terris quas Thomas de Berket 
tenuit de rege in cajaite ; Maurice of Berkeley payes . 100'' for his releefe for the 
lands w'^ Thomas de Berkeley held of the Kinge by knight fervice in capite. | 

Stntl the fixth of February followinge, as a further declaration of favor, this 
Lord had the kings fpetiall privy Seale to the Barons of the Exchequer, That 
when vpon fearch they had found what dets his father owed to the kinge, they 
fhould thereof write to the faid Sherife to take fecurity of his executors at certayne 
dayes, and forbeare to leavy the fame, makinge rcflitution of whatfoever goods or 
chattells hee had taken, leaft thereby the due execution of the will of the fayde 
Thomas might in any thinge be hindred. 



i2Si Hifc of JiUBauricc rtjc .^cconli 127 

lOIjici) by like favour and warrants beinge forborne for two yeares, was firft; fin ;3o:H: 3.111:6. 
flailed at twenty pownds each halfe yeare, And the xxiiij'!" of Aprill in the fayd 
thirtieth yeare, had twenty and fower pownds thereof pardoned to him by the kinge, 
in lieu of his fowerfcore dayes fervice, wherein hee was with his three knights 
w'*" the kinge in his warres in wefl: wales againfl the welfti. 

3[n which tyme he fetled his Mothers dower and eflate in thofe Manors and carta in CaRro 
lands of his inheritance which of right belonged vnto her. 

Sdltb fliortly after out of a pyous imitation of his Anceflors, not onely con- Aug : chart ; fo : 60 

firmeth to the Abbot and Covent of the Monaflery of S! Auguftines, All the former ^'" ^^' ^^' ^'^ 

grants and donations of his Anceflors, and of all others, which any Freeholders carta cum Decan 

within his fee & feigniories had made vnto them, releafmg therewithall his rents BnRoU dat ; 53. 

and fervices : But giveth alfo vnto them out of his further liberallity, divers lands 

in Berkeley, Bevington, Wallgaflon, and Arlingham, and Comon of Pafture for 

their rudder beafts, and fwine, to goe and feede with his owne herds in divers of 

his Manors within his hundred of Berkeley, and in Portbury : which (fay this lords 

deeds) are beftowed vpon them for the helth of his owne foule, and of Ifabell his 

wife, and his Anteceffors. Stltd afterwards by another deed, granted to the faid 

Abbot and Covent, Comon of pafture for fower and twenty oxen, Seaven Sowes, ^, . ^ 

1 1 • 1 1 ■ 7 1 r t 1 • -ITT 1 n • TT Carta in Caftro 

and one bore, with theire broodes of one yeare old, m Walmorgafton, m Hame, de Berkeley. 

Lafrid, and gorft there. | 



j^ijsf ^mtt^ in latoe 152 

C!jC fame yeare, wherein the father of this Lord Maurice dyed, Joane Berkeley Rot: fin: 28. H: 3 

and Margery hir fifter, gave to Kinge Henry the third ten Markes for a Fine to P''^''^' ^- "^ = 4- 

haue an Affi5e of Novell diffeifm tryed at Glouc : before Roger de Thurkelbye and H : 3. 
his fellowes brought by them againft this Lord Maurice, Tefte the writ 9 Julij in 
the xxviij'"* of Henry the third. „ 

I^autn0 brought an hafty accon againfl Witim de Valence and Jone his wife, Ptita et iurat. 53. 

and againft Mawd Countefs of Glouc ; after his firft heat grewe weary thereof. And ^' ^' =il'"<i Gloc: 

° <= ^ coram R: de 

vpon fute to the Court hadjicence to recede. Midleto. 

HDtiliam IMauduit Earle of Warwicke and Alice his wife enfeoffed the Mafler Ibidem, 

of the hofpitall of Longbridge by Berkeley and his fucceffors of thirty Acres of Pafch:43:H: 

wood in Egeton in Hinton ; This Lord Maurice forbids the mortmaine becaufe it '" banco cOi. 

was 



128 



€|)c HibcjBf of tfjc 25crhdcp;6f 



1243 



was holden of him, which being tryed by Jury This Maurice had the verdit, And 
foe the Hofpitall loft the land : Of this wood called Burnd wood (now the Lord 
Berkeleys) fee a fine in the three and fortieth yeare of Henry the third betweene 
the fayd Earle and Phillipp de Leicefler. 



Carta in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 

fol:[SS] 

Nicholas dyed in 

46. H : 3. 



copia antiquse 

cartse cu Maflers 

de Nymesfeild. 



153 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 

this Nicholas died 
6 : E : 2. 



claus: 29. E: i. 
m : 9 : 



^itl^oia^ the fonne of Roger, (cozen in the firft remove to this Lord) denyeth 
to doe fuit to the two law dayes of that Lords hundred of Berkeley for his Manors 
of Hill and Nimesfeild, given to his great grandfather Nicholas lord of Tykenham 
by Robert Fitj Harding his Father, as hath bene faid ; prefentments are made of 
the defaults, diflreffes are taken, lawe proceeds, peace followeth ; %n agreement by 
Deed Indented is made, That the fayd Nicholas himfelfe & his heires fhould bee 
difchardged of their perfonall fuites and Services to the faid Courts, But that the 
freeholders, and three of the Tenants of the faid Nicholas, and the prepofitus 
(provoft or Reeve) fhould doe theire fuits and fervices as was demanded ; To 
which effeft alfo is an other Deed in the eleaventh of Edward the fecond in 
French whereby Thomas then Lord Berkeley fonne of this Lord Maurice fends 
his warrant directed to his Steward Bayly and all his Officers within his hundred 
of Berkeley fignifying | that his pleafure is for himfelfe and his heires, That John 
Fit3 Nicholl Lord of Hill, fhall for his Manors of Hill and Nymesfeild Joyntly 
anfweare by three men and the provoft to the law day of Berkeley twice by the 
yeare, to make prefentment of all fuch thinges as they ought to prefent, And all the 
refl of the Inhabitants to bee difcharged ; which to this day, Anno. 1628; is foe 
performed : Stnb if the phrafe in the firft of this old deeds feeme obfcure, let a later 
that followed explane the fame, bearinge noe date, but made about the thirtieth 
yeare of the raigne of K : Edward the firft ; betweene the Lord Thomas fonne of 
this Lord Maurice, & Nicholas fonne of Ralph fonne of the forefayd Nicholas, 
whereby this Nicholas fonn of Ralph lord of the Manors of Hill and Nymesfeild 
granted to the fayd Thomas Lord Berkeley and his heires, the fuites of his Copi- 
hold Tenants, (called villani) of his fayd Manors of Hill and Nymesfeild to his two 
lawe dayes of Berkeley hundred yearly, foe that his fayd Tenants of either Manor 
fhould come by three men and the Reeve to heare, doe, and prefent, all thinges 
accordinge to the lawe and cuftome of England, as other Townfhips of the faid 
hundred accuftomed to doe. 5Cnb howe this fute was profecuted betweene this lord 
and the fayd Nicholas fonne of Ralphe the Kings writ dated the xxviij'*" of January 
from Netleham fent to his Juftices of the Comon pleas, will declare ; wherein hee 
willeth them to take notice, that this lord Thomas was in his fervice on friday 
06labis hillarij laft, whereby hee could not bee prefent at the plaints before them, 

betweene 



I28l 



Itifc of Q^aurifc rtjc ^cconb 



129 



betweene the faici Nicholas and him, and betweene him and the faide Nicholas 
vpon cattle mutually diftrayned by either of them, And therefore comaunded them 
that this lord Oiould loofe noethinge by his default, becaufe, as to theis plaints, the 
kingc would warrant to him thofe daycs. 

911nb this later Deed feemeth alfo to bee explaned by an other, which came Carta in Caftro 
afterwards ; whereby Thomas Lord Berkeley grandchild of the former Thomas, ^ ^^' 

writeth to his Steward of the fayd Courts the firft daye of Augufl: in the twentieth *^'^ J°^" '^y^^ '" 
of Edward the third, That John fonne of the fayd Nicholas and his heires fhall 
henceforth for his Manors of Hill and Nimesfeild, Joyndy anfwere by three men 
and the provofl; to the lawe day of Berkeley twice by the yeare, there to make 
prefentment and doe that which belongeth to thofe dayes and to difcharge the refl 
of the Inhabitants from that appearance | and fervice : }@I)tcl) deeds I have the 
rather here cluflered togeather, becaufe of the Controverfies that have arifen fince I 
was Steward of theis lawe day Courts for refufall of theis fervices comprehended 
in theis agreements: 3(lll& finally I refer this family to the quo warranto brought quo warr : in rec : 
againfl; the faid Nicholas fonne of Ralph in the fifteenth yeare of Edward the firfl, ratify '^ ' 



49 : E : 3. 



154 



mentioned in the life of Robert the firfl, which cleereth the Controverfy. 

%t the tyme of the forefayd controverfy one William Golafer a freeholder 
within the fayd Manor of Hill, by the incouragement (as may feeme) of the fayd 
Nicholas his cheife Lord, denyed his fuit alfo to the hundred Court of Berkeley 
(called curia forinfeca de Berkeley) for his freehold land in Hill, which other free- 
holders there then performed : A diflreffe is taken, An agreement followeth ; for 
the faid Golafer by his deed acknowledgeth the fuit demaunded to bee dewe from 
him and his heires, And this lord Maurice in confideracon of an Oxe and a marke 
in money, releafed to the fayd Golafer that fuit for the terme of his life onely. 
CI)i^ was not for fervice to the Leete or Lawe day, but to the hundred or three 
weekes Court of Berkeley, or the Court of pleas, as at this day it is called, holden 
each munday three weekes. 



fol:[57] 



311t this tyme alfo this lord diftrayned Wittm de Camuile for not doinge his 
fuite to the hundred Court of Berkeley from three weeks to three weekes for a 
meffuage and a carucate of land in Wike within his Manor of Alkington, who founde the Fine 45. H : 3. 
himfelfe to have the worft in the fuit ; They fall to agreement. And by a fyne '" ''^'^^P' ' ^^"'^" 
leavyed betweene them in the five and fortieth yeare of Henry the third, this Lord 
releafed the fayd fuit of Court to the faid Wittm and his heires, And in lieu thereof, 

s Wittm 



I30 



€()c tlitjcjtf of rt)c 23crfedcp3E{ 



1243 



WiiJm releafed to this Lord Maurice, all the damages hee had fuflayned by this 
lord's vniufl diftreffe. 

Rot : fin : 35. H : i^jjg kinge demaunds efcuage of this Lord by procefs out of the Excheq^ for 

that hee was not with him in his late Journey againfl the Scots, a fervice hee was 
to haue performed for the Mannors which Thomas his Father held of him by 
knight fervice, faith the writ ; Hee proveth that hee was with the kinge that 
155 voyage, And foe hath the kings pdon | dated the eleaventh of November in the 
five and thirtieth of Henry the third, by pleadinge whereof hee obtayneth peace 

Rot: fin: predict and a difcharge from the Money. But of an other dett' of thirty nyne pounds 
owinge to the kinge by this lord and his Father, could obtayne noe more, then the 
flallinge thereof to bee payd by twenty marks a yeare. 



carta 46 : H : 3. 

cum Maiore de 

Berkeley. 

imperiall peeces 

of gold, coined 

at Bisat., or 

Conilantinople. 



I^autngC drawne into fuit part of the priviledges which the Maior and Bur- 
geffes of his Burrowe of Berkeley claymed, part by grante from his Father, and 
part by prefcription, this lord came afterwards to a compofition with them, And for 
ten markes in money payd to him felfe and twenty fhillings to Ifabell his wife, pro 
bi3antijs fuis, hee releafed to his faid Burgeffes and Marchants and theire heires 
and Affignes, all exa6lion and clayme of Toll, and all kind of Thallage and Toll 
which hee had or might demaund of them. 



Cartse in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 



I^autnse purchafed Burnd Wood in Hinton of Phillip de Leicefter againfl 
Henry his fonne and heire this lord fhortly after brought his writ of warrantia 
cartse for his better affurance, wherein he had iudgment, and after a releafe from 
his widowe alfo. 



Cartse in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



ptita : 53. H : 3. 
apud Glouc : cora 
R : de Midleton : 



I^auingC a like defire to enlarge his Manor of Came with a faire farme therein 
called Plaunches, this lord agreed with Thomas de la Plaunch (who pretended a 
title thereto) That if in his name, hee could recover it from William Mauduit Earle 
of Warwicke then in poffeffion thereof, That in lieu of his right and title, hee the 
faid Thomas fhould bee the Mafter of his hounds for his life, and have an allow- 
ance of horfe and boy, meat and dyet, and two robes, with eight fhillings of money 
yearly, as hee accuflomed to allowe to the other of his Efquiers at Berkeley. CI)t^ 
I note as well for the vnlawfullnes of the contra6l, and to fhewe the defire of this 
lord to worke trouble to the fayd Earle with whom hee was in enmity, as to fhewe 
the Order of the fervants of this Lord in the firft yeare of King Edward the firfl. 
Anno. 1273. <ll>f the recovery of the farme hee miffed, Howbeit his fonne Thomas 
the next Lord obtained it by purchafe. '^n 



1 28 1 life of a^fliiricc tijc ^cronD 131 

^n the xxxij'l' yeare of kinge Henry the third, this lord for the health of the Carta cQ Arthuro 
foules of himfelfe and of Ifabell his wife, gave to god and to bleffed Mary of Caarode Berkeley. 
Blantha Landa, a water mill and divers landes in Bedminfter by Briftoll. | 

CI)ij8^ lord Maurice gave to the Abbot of Kingefwood a meffuage, and divers 156 

lands and Tenements in Hame and Berkeley for the health of his foule and all his 9^"^ '," Cadro 

1 1 1 L • "^ Berkeley. 

Anceflors: 3.n recompence whereof the Abbot granted that this Lord and his ., , 

Tenants of his Manor of Simondfall fliould have free ingreffe and egreffe to and fo: 20. 

fro his land called Egge, which hee the faid Abbot had of Thomas brother of the 

faid lord Maurice (approved alfo by his confirmacon) to lead and drive theire 

cattle goinge at Simondfall vnto the water called Lodewell, there to water them. 

Co Henry Clifford this lord gave a Meffuage and yard land in Slimbridge, Carta in Cadro 
Gofmgton and Hurft to maintayne therew'."" a lampe perpetually burninge in the ^^ chartul- 
Church of Slimbridge, and paying to him a penny rent. fo: 74. 

Cl)£ grand Jury that ferved for the hundred of Berkeley before the Juftices Rot: rageman: 4. 
Itinerant at Glouc : in the fourth yeare of Kinge Edward the firft, layd the g~j: | "^ ''^ ^P 
foundation of troble and expence to this Lord and his fonne, who there prefented, 
That this Lord claymed to have returne of writts throughout his faid hundred, the 
ratinge of the Affi3e of bread and Ale, gallowes for the execution of theeves, 
tumbrell, and the like, And that hee had imprifoned and punifhed, (probatores) 
impeachers of others for felonies, and divers other fuppofed malefafhors, in his 
Caftle of Berkeley, and in the Stocks ; extorted money vniuftly from them, and let 
them thereupon goe at liberty, with other the like complaints. 

311nll that hee had diftrayned Ancelme de Gurney afwell in the kings high 
wayes, as without, in his Manors of Beverflon, Aylberton, and Kinges-wefton, 
(which are holden of the kinge in Capite) becaufe hee would not take his meafures 
of Affize from his ftandard, whereas hee ought to receave them from the kings 
Marfhall. 

3IIntl like complaint againfl this Lord did the Jury in Somerfetfliire make 
touchinge his hundred of Portbury ; who prefented that hee vfed to take wrecks of 
fea, but not knowne by what title : And that hee in Hareclive hundred, and his 
fonne Thomas in Bedminfter manor and hundred, vfed divers liberties otherwife 
then they ought, And that hee had taken Meafures of Bufhells, gallons and other 

s 2 meafures 



132 



€1)0 Slibcief of tijc 25crhclcpjS 



1243 



157 

Ptita et affis. 
32. H: 3. 



meafures, and broken them; And put vpon the Inhabitants other meafures by 
theire owne Standard, And at his pleafure amerced the freeholders and Tythings 
in theire abfence, for which they knewe noe warrant that hee had. | 

5i0nc lady Berkeley Mother of this Lord Maurice, in the xxxij"' yeare of 
Kinge Henry the third brought an Affize of Novell diffeizin againfl: Wittm 
Mauduit Earle of Warwicke for lands in Cowley, and for makeinge of a Ditche in 
Slimbridge vpon her land : Hee iuftifies as his owne freehold; fliee withdrawes her 
fuit, and is amerced for not profecutinge. 

eadem. H^iUm Mauduit, as precipitate for a lord as the lady for a woman, brings his 

A6tion againfl the faid lady Jone, for detayninge of a Deed from him, which fhee 
denyes, And hee not able to prove it, was amerced, pro falfo clamore. 



eadem 



eadem. 



eadem. 



pat : 33. H : 3. in 

dor : cora reg. in 

itinere verfus 

Cannoc. 



eadem. 



5tlltl the fayd Earle and Alice his wife bring an other A6lion at the fame tyme 
againfl; this Lord for five fhillings rente in Slimbridge ; This lord prevailes, And 
the Earle is amerced as before, pro falfo clamore. 

3ln an Affize for an houfe in Berkeley brought by Ruffell againft Fit3-John 
and others, this lord Maurice is vouched to warranty, who appeares, and pleads his 
feifin, and Joynes iffue vpon the battle ; And brings in John de Gwa his champion, 
the def' Ruffell makes defalt for want of a champion beinge a poore man, (faith the 
record) And therefore not able. 

2rf)0 faid Wittm Mauduit Earle of Warwicke and Alice his wife brought a 
warrantia cartae againft this Lord Maurice to warrant to them five fhillings rent in 
Slimbridge, which they had from Thomas his father ; hee pleads they had but 
twelue pence thereof, and foe barrs theire A6lion. 

211 tCpail had bene in an Affife of Novell diffeifin for Comon of pafture in 
Symondfall, Wortley and Owfellworth betweene the Abbot of Kingefwood and the 
lady Jone this lords mother, which paffed againft her; Shee holding her felfe wronged 
by the verdit, brings her writ of Attaynt agaynft the firft Jury, And being at iffue, 
A Commiffion is nowe awarded to Simon de Wawton and others to heare and deter- 
mine the fame. 

(CIjC like affize of Novell diffeifin was by the faid Abbot brought againft the 
lady Jone for Comon of pafture in Wotton, and vpon iffue ioyned the like Comiffion 
to here and determine was awarded to Henry de Bathofi and others. 

<£>nt 



1 28 1 atfc of iJl^nuricc rtjc ^cconb 133 

<Dnc other the like Aftion fhee had agalnfl: the fayd Abbot for Comon of pafture eadcm. 
in Siinondfall. 

SllltlJ a fourth of like nature againll the fayd Abbot for lands in Wotton and eadem. 

Simondfall. 

_, ....t - ... .. , 1-1 ■■ir-ii IT- 111- • Phta Trinitatis. 

3)11 the xxxuij'" yeare of Kinge Henry the third, WiTTm de rourd by his writ 3^. H: 3. 101:25: 

of right, demaunded againft this Lord Maurice halfe a hide of land | in Eaftbray 158 

in Deuonfhire, who ioyne iffue vpon the battle. The battle by their Champions 

is Itroke, And the Champion of the demaundant is overcome, whereupon finall 

Judgm' is given for this lord the tenant. 

Che next yeare Mabilia daughter of Thomas de Stone brought an affize of P^"* ', 34- H : 3. 

° . . in dorfo : 

novell diffei3in againfl; this lord for lands in Stone, for hearing and determininge 

whereof, the like fpetiall Comiffion was awarded to the faid Henry Bathon and 

others. 

Cf)C Kinge the fame yeare by proces out of the Exchequer, demaunds efcuage fines . 34. H : 3. 
againfl this lord, for not goeing with the feverall Armies into Gafcoigne and ' 

Cannoc, which for the tyme is refpited : In the voiage to Gafcoigne this lord was, m. 8. vltimo. 
and therefore is difcharged : of the other I find noe other mention. 

3[n the xxxv'^ yeare of Henry the third, Roger de Lockington arraigned an pat: 35. H: 3. in 
Affize of Novell diffeifin againfl; this Lord for certaine Lands in Hame, And a 
Comiffion went out to Robert Walerond and others to heare and determine it. 

^tOCC0 comes the fame tyme out of the Exchequer to leavy xxxix'.'- v";- as well Fin : 35. H : 3. 
for the debt of this lord, as of his father, owinge to the kinge, which is flailed to "^ ' " 
bee payd by ten markes each Michaelmas and Efler Terme by equall portions till' 
the whole bee run vp. 

3!n the xxxvij'?' of his raigne the kinge prepares an Army to goe into Gafcoigne, Fines, 37. H : 3. 
and fomons this lord Maurice accordinge to the tenure of his barony to goe with 
him. The better to furnifli himfelfe, hee borrowes of the kinge threefcore markes, 
which is agreed to bee payd by fifteene markes each halfe yeare. And foe the fecond eodem. 
of July is inrolled in the Exchequer. 

3CnD at the fame tyme the kinge pardons him fifty markes of the old det Pat : 37. H : 3. in. 
of 93'.'.- 5'- which hee owed the kinge ; And gives him refpite for the refl; vntill his ° ° 

returne 



134 



€f)c %i'oc0 of t^e 23crftcllcp^ 



1243 



Claus. 44. H : 3. 



returne from beyond Seas : 311nb at this tyme this lord tooke over with him Roger 
de Lockington (growne freinds fmce theire tryall in an Affize two yeares pad) 
WiUiam Fit3warren, (where my felfe now dwell) John de Wanton (where Thomas 
Hicks of Cromhall now dwelleth) and others, none of whom forgot theire protec- 
tions from fuites foe-longe as they fhould bee with the kinge beyond Seas : But in 
Seaven yeares the det is not payd though often called for by proces. | 



159 3fn the xxxviij* yeare of Henry the third, Wittm le Botiller and others 

Claus : 38. H : 3. brought an Affije of Novell Diffeifin for Comon of Pafture in Slimbridge againfl 
the fayd Johan Lady Berkeley, And a Comiffion now went out to Symon de 
Wanton to heare and determine the fame. 



Claus. 40 : H : 
pars. 3. m 



f^JjC kinge in July in the fortieth yeare of his raigne had flayed fower dayes 
at Brifloll at the charges of Prince Edward his fonne, which cofl the Prince 
xxxiiij'!- ix^. v"? and feaven hogfheads of wine ; And in paffage thence towards Glou- 
cefler, was entertayned at Berkeley by this Lord Maurice ; In recompence whereof, 
pro honoribus et curialitatibus quas Mauricius de Berket nuper fecit Regi in tran- 
feundo per patriam fuam verfus Glouc : for the honors and Courtlike entertainm" 
which Maurice of Berkeley afforded the kinge in his paffage through his Lordfhipp 
of Berkeley toward Glouc : the kinge doth pardon him and his Tenants of Berkeley 
and of Radecliueflreet, theire breaches of Affije of marchandi3inge and meafures 
belonginge to the kinge (as fupreame Clarke of the market) by reafon of his paffage 
through thofe parts. 



Pat : 41 
Pars. 



eod in dorfo. 



SCntl from Gloucefler the nyneteenth of the fame Month, the kinge comanded 
the Sherife That whereas hee liad of late taxed all his demefne lands through 
England, If hee found that the Manor of Berkeley had bene heretofore the kings 
demefnes or any of his progenitors, and had been vfed to bee taxed when the kinge 
taxed his. That then hee fhould caufe the fame to bee leavyed within the fayd 
Mannor of Berkeley, to the vfe of this Lord Maurice. 

3In the one and fortieth yeare of his raigne, went forth a gen'all fomons for all 
the Barons of the Realme, to goe with the kinge againfl: his Enemies the Welrti, 
when Prince Edward attended his Father; In which Army was alfo this lord 
Maurice, And then defigned to attend the fafety of the kings perfon. And had the 
kings prote6lion for his freedome, and fafety in his eflate at home, foe long as hee 
fhould be in the kings fervice, dated in the Caflle of Rothelan the xxiiJ'J" of Augufl; 

from 



1 28 1 Hifc of Sl^nuncc tl)c ^ccoiib i35 

from which Journey the kinge was in the begeninge of winter enforced to returne 
for want of vittaill for his Army. | 

3fn the two and fortieth of his raigne was preparation for warres againfl; l6o 

Scotland : Howbeit the xiiij'!' of March comes the kinges Comiffion and Sommons Claus: 42. H: 3. 

. . . in dorfo. 

to the Lord to attend the kinge agayne into Wales againil; Lewellin the fonne of 

Griffith his Enemy, as the yeare before hee had done, which hee performed. 

3in the three and fortieth of his raigne was like Sommons, and an other expe- Claus. 43. H : 3. 
dition into Wales, whither this lord went alfo, yet went the kinge into France. 

5in the patent rolls of this yeare are entred (nowe firft) fome deeds and charters P^' '■ 4i- H : 3. 
, . . . . . m : 9 : 10. 

made by the kinge in the Englifh tongue; from which at this tyme wherein I write, 

wee are foe departed, as I ingenioufly profeffe, not to vnderfland the wordes and 

phrafes of moft part of them. 

^t^e fame, that after the like revolution of 362 yeares, our pofterities will write 
of the Englifh language I now write in. 

3[n the fower and fortieth of his raigne, the kinge returninge from France, Claus : 44. H : 3. 
vnderftands that the Welfli had taken from him the Caflle of Buelt, whereupon 
generall Somons and proclamations were fent all England over for rayfmge a greate 
Army againft them : And the firft of Auguft, the king fpetially fends to this Lord 
Maurice to meet him at Shroefbury on the nativity of our Lady the viij'!" of Sep- 
temb"' following with his befh ftrength in horfe and foote, to goe againfl the fayd 
Luellin prince of wales ; And hee prepares and goes accordingly. 

'Che firft of March in the five and fortieth of his raigne, the kinge pardons to ' 45- H : 3. 
■^ , . . pars. I. m: 15. 

this Lord, eightene markes of old dets, for leavyinge whereof proces had long iffued 

out of his Exchequer, all or the moft being for amerciaments vpon his hundred of 

Berkeley, for lawleffe exceffes there vfed by and vnder him. 

Clje xi'f" of the fame month, the kinge in this lords favor, writes to the Shereife Claus. 45. H : 3. 
of Gloucefterfhire, declaringe that whereas hee had of late taxed all his owne 
demefne lands throughout England hee fhould now take care that Maurice de 
Berkeley fhould | likewife have reafonable tallage or ayde of all his Tenants within ^"^ 
his Manor of Berkeley if heretofore it were part of the antient demefnes of the '^^'^"' 

Crowne 



136 



€1)0 %i\it0 of tf)c ^ctMep^ 



1243 



pat : 45- H : 3. 
m : 14. 



Crowne, and had bene accuftomed to bee taxed ; in much like fort as the writ of 
that kind was five yeares before to the Sherife of that County. 

€1^0 five and twentieth of the fame Month, the Kinge gives to this lord, forty 
markes yearly pention out of his Exchequer, vntill he fhould bee able more liberally 
to provide for him in wards or efcheats that fhould happen: %i\ this tyme the kinge 
keepes at the Tower of London, and this lord attending on him. 



Claus: 45. H : 3. CIjC five and twentieth of Aprill the fame yeare, the kinge pardons to this lord 

Maurice, the efcape of two theeves, which the yeare before were taken & com- 
mitted for robbery to Berkeley Caftle, and thence efcaped, comanding his Juftices 
that fhould next ride that circuit, That they queftion not the fayd Maurice for the 
fame. 



fin: 45. H:3.m:8. 



Claus : 45- H : 3. 
m. 2. 



liberal : 45. H : 3. 



eodem. 



C|)C xxij'^of June followinge, the kinge further pardons to this lord, an amercia- 
ment of one hundred fhillings, fet upon him by Gilbert de Prefton and his fellowe 
Juftices Itinerant at BriftoU for the efcape of a felon out of his prifon in Radeclive 
by Briftoll, and for the fame hath his writt afterwards to the Barons of the Ex- 
chequer, dated the fixth of Oftober the fame yeare. 

€l)C xvij'.'' of 061:ober following, The kinge fends his writ to his Treafurer and 
Chamberlain of his Exchequer, comanding them to deliver to this Lord, twenty 
markes of his ffee dewe at Michaelmas laft for halfe a yeare vntill hee could better 
provide for him in wardes or in Efcheates, ^Cltll the like was done for the halfe 
yeare ending at Efter before. 



Claus : 45. H : 3. Sl^flnp of the Barons were nowe vp in Armes againfl the kinge, wherevpon 

in dorfo. j|^g xviij'^ of the fame October, this Lord, by warrant of the kings writ, was 
required to bee at London the morrowe after Simon and Jude next (beinge but ten 
dayes after) withall his power of horfe and foote armed and apparelled for warre. 

m^"i2 in doifo ^fillb for the clofe of this troublefome yeare, take an agreement made the fixth 

162 of May . 1 26 1 in the feefl of John port- Latin | betweene this lord of the one part, 
And Chriftian the daughter and heire of Robert Brant of the other part. That 
whereas the Manors of Bixe, Stokenchurch, and Kikefham, in the County of Oxon, 
and the Manor of Faldingworth and other lands in the County of Lincoln were 
her inheritance, for recovery whereof this lord had betowed his great labor, cofl, 

and 



I28l 



jilifc of iH^nurifc tt\c ,ScconD 



^37 



and diligence (foe are the words) Ihee now hereby givith vnto him and his heires 
two third parts of the fame forever, And (liee to hold the other third part to her 
and her heires of the faide lord and his heires, by the rents and Services dewe and 
accuflomed %iiii it was further agreed, That this Lord Ihould fmde to her during 
her life, vittualls and veftments, ficut vnae domicillarum camerce ipfius Mauricij, as 
to one of the waytinge gentleweomen of his bedchamber ; And if at any tyme fhe 
brake this agreement, then the kings Officers of thofe Countyes to leavy of her 
lands one hundred pownds towards the fabricke of weftminfter, and five hundred 
pownds towards the charges of him the fayd lord ; for obfervance whereof, either 
party tooke a Corporall Oath before Nicholas Archdecon of Ely the kings Chan- 
cellor, whereto alfo many of the kings houfhold Officers were wittneffes. 

Cf)C twentieth of May in the fix and fortieth of his raigne, in confideration of Cart : 46 : H : 3. 

twelve markes, the kinge grants to this lord and his heires to have free warren r' ' ^' i 

° ° _ fines eoci anno. 

within his Manor of Wenden in Effex, and a market there each tuefday, and a 
faire yearely on Si Peters daye, which Manor the lady Ifabell his wife brought unto 
him in part of her manage portion, as after followeth. 

3ll0ilinst this grant in the yeare followinge, Richard Earle of Cornwall kinge Plita 47 H 3. rot 6. 
of Almaine, the kings brother, oppofeth by an adlion hee brought and flrongly 
purfued againft this lord, fuggeftinge that this market and faire in Wenden, was to 
the damage of his Market and faire in Nuport, wherein, through the defaults of this 
lords not appearinge, were divers diftreffes, and at laft an Attachm' againfl his et 2 2.incoibanco. 
body : which hafty A61:ion and angry proceedings in a light | caufe, have made me 160 
the more to doubt, whether the fayd lady Ifabell were his reputed daughter or not, 
and this lord the fayd Kings fonne in lawe; And the rather becaufe hee ftill enioyed 
the kinge his brothers favor and good opinion of loyalty in this tyme, wherein foe 
many of his Barons were up in Armes againfl him : 3finb alfo (hanginge this fuitt) Claus : 46. H : 3. 
the kinge wrote the Sherife of Effex in the behalfe of this Lord Maurice, requiringe '^^'^'^- '-^ • ^P"' ' 
not to moleft him or his lands for his abfence from his laft Turne, vntill hee fhould 
otherwife have in comaundment from him. 



CljC xviij'*" of September in the feaven and fortieth of his raigne, the kinge pat : 47. H : 3. 

tooke fhippinge to goe beyond feas, from whence hee returned on S' Thomas eve : P^'^^' '" 

And on the nynth and xxiiij'^ of January in the xlvij'!' of his raigne, fends to this Qaus • 47 H • 

Lord, advertizinge him of his fafe returne. And requires that hee forthwith Arme "^ = '3- 
and prepare to bee at Hereford to goe againfl Luellin prince of Wales, who in his 

T abfence 



138 



€lic Hibc^af of tl)c 25crftricpi6f 



,1243 



abfence had trecheroudy invaded his dominions, and comitted greevous depreda- 
tions, whither came prince Edward as generall. 

SUnJj this Lord beinge from thence but newly return'd, the kinge fends agayne 
to him the five and twentieth of May the fame yeare, That hee bee at Worcefter 
the firft of Augufl followinge, to goe againft the faid Luellin, for which Journey a 
great fomons was almoft through the Realme. 

Claus : 47 : H: 3. CtjC fifteenth of June the fame yeare, the kinge from London writes to this 

Lord Maurice, That hee had fent divers men at Armes and foote for defence of his 
caftle at Gloucefter, requiringe, that when they came to him, hee would fee them 
fafely conduced till they were entred into the fayd Caftle. 



Claus : 48 : H : 3. 



164 



Claus: 48: H: 3. 
m : 4 et in dorfo. 



Fabian, fol : 81. 

Polichron : lib : 7 

cap : 37. 

Caxton Stow: 

How: fo: 194. 

Speed : fo : 437. 

Polichron p'dict. 

Math: Paris 

fo : 466 : 



^l)C xj'^ of July in the xlviij'^ yeare of his raigne, the kinge writes to Richard 
de Tavy one of his Juftices for the peace in Effex in behalfe of dileftae confangui- 
nise fuae Ifabellse, vxoris dilefti et fidelis noflri Mauricij de Berkeley, his beloved 
kinfwoman Ifabell | wife of his beloved and faithfull Maurice de Berkeley declare- 
inge. That whereas hee and his fellowes had lately feized into their hands to his 
vfe, the Manor of Wenden, which was of her inheritance, by reafon of the great 
trouble that then was in his kingdome, That nowe by the advife of fuch of his lords 
as were of his Counfell, hee comandes that the faid Manor fhould bee redelivered 
to the faid Ifabell, with the profttts thereof received from the tyme of thee fei5ure, 
for the fuftentation of her the fayd Ifabell & her children thereout to bee had. 

3lntl the tenth of Auguft followinge, the kinge grants to her the faid Ifabell, 
by the name of welbeloved Neece, the Manors of Herietfam and Trotefclive in the 
County of Kent, leaft for want of maintenance fhee and her Children fhould begge: 
JBljiclj indigence, was occafioned by the battle of Lewis whereat the kinge himfelfe 
with his brother Richard the kinge of Almayne, and prince Edward, were taken 
prifoners, and for a tyme, captivated by Symon Mountford Earle of Leicefter and 
his Complices, which (after ffabian and fome others) was fought the xiiij'^ of May in 
the xlvij'^ of Henry the third ; But after many others, and more truely, on the 
xij'.*" of May in the xlviij'!' of that kinge, 5Cnll by the battle of Evefliam fought the 
[4'*"] day of Augufl followinge in the fame xlviij'!' yeare of the kinge : And after 
Mathew Paris and fome others, on the nones of Augufl. 1265. in the nyne and 
fortieth of that kinge, whereat the faid Mountford Earle of Leicefler and many 
other nobles were flayne. 

%t6t 



I2Sl 



Hifc of fll^ciiiricc tJ)c -fercoutJ 



139 



311llb the kinges warrant the xiij'I' of Odob' in the nyne and fortieth of his liberat. 49. H : 3. 
raigne, direcfled to his Treaforer to deliver to this lord twentye markes of his fee 
dewe at Michaehnas before, formerly granted vnto him, is a full affurance that this 
lord Maurice (till contynued loyall to the kinge his wives vncle. %l^ the generall 
devaflations and trebles of the kingdome nowe foe overflowed all parts of the land, P''"^"^- 49= H : 3. 
That all men that held of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, were in Armes for 
him ; 31111 pleas in Courts in Trinity Terme ceafed. And all faires and markets were 
forbidden to bee holden, get in the Somons of parliam' of this yeare, noe writt is [^^Xrfo^ -^ ■ 3- 
direded to | this lord Maurice, which might make mee thinke on the other fide, 165 
that hee was held in fome fufpition by the kinge. 

€tjf xij'!- of June in the fiftietti yeare of his raigne, the kinge then at Norttiton, ciaus. 49 : H : 3. 
fends his writ to this lord, recitinge that whereas Geffry de Lucy and his knights '^^ dorfo. 
did render vp the Caftle of Gloucefler to his fonne prince Edward vpon condicon 
and his fonnes promife to goe free from danger and to enioy their landes and efliates 
without forfeiture, foe that afterwards they contynnued faythfull, which they have 
done, %nS) whereas hee had granted to him theire lands in ffee Simple contrary to 
that agreem', l^otoe hee requires this lord to deliver backe theire lands to them 
notwithftanding his faid grant ; which if hee negleft to doe, hee hath comanded his 
Sherifes of thofe Counties wherein the lands are, that they enter vpon them, and 
give them feifin agayne, as in theire former eftates. 

^onictoljat more profitable proved an other like grant which Henry the third Claus : 4: E : i. 
about the fame tyme made to this lords then eldeft fonn Maurice Berkeley iunior, ™ ' "" 
of the lands of Thomas Beaufitj in Berkeley, which hee conferring vpon his next 
brother Thomas, hee made good profit of by a compofition with Beaufit3. 



aUnD the like guift the fayd Maurice the yonger had from the kinge of the Ptita cora Rege 
lands of Richard de Borard, who was againft the kinw, who after found meanes to ^^'ch: 52. H: 3. 
have them from the faid Maurice by recover)' at lawe. 



rot : 24. wilts. 



%n the two and fiftieth of his raigne, the kinge Affigned this lord to Order the Claus: 52. H: 3. 
Ayde hee was to receive of thofe that hold of him, which if hee could not attend to 
doe, then to furrogate an other in his fteed. 

S fjauc omitted more then forty fuites wherein this lord or his mother were 
plaintifes or defendants, demaundannts or Tenants, in reall and perfonall Adions 
m feverall Counties, as not importinge the knowledge of this family at this daye. 



140 



€ljc %ihc^ of tijc 25ccfeclcpi6f 



1243 



Claus: 6: E: I. ,^f)g five and twentieth of May in the fixth yeare of King Edward the firft, 

p. . c H • *^^ ^^^S ^^^^ h'^ ^'"'^ ^^ privy feale to the Barons of his Exchequer, recitinge 

m : I. howe the kinge his father had pardoned Roger Clifford th' elder and all that were 

of his fociety in the tyme of the Kingdomes perturbations, all their offences and 

166 exceffes : Slnt! that this Maurice de Berkeley who was of the fame focietye | as by 

the certificate of the faid Roger appeared, was notwithflandinge for the fame 

exceffe (rebellion rather) fined to twenty pownds at Gloucefter before Nichot fit3 

Marcam and his fellowe Juftices Itinerant ; ^jJottJC for that the kinge would not 

have this Lord Maurice vniuflly troubled by procefs or otherwife contrary to the 

pardon of his faid father, hee comanndeth his Barons to furceafe any further pro- 

fecution, %nb this is the firfl and lafl tyme, wherein I haue in all the longe and 

troblefome raigne of this Henry the third, found this lord in Armes againfl the 

Kinge or any wayes favor inge his rebells. 



Clans : 8. E : I. 
m 5. 



cartse in Cafl.ro 
de Berkeley. 

Whitcliff firft 
made a parke. 



Accom p : de Hame 

in hifce temp : in 

Caftro deBerkeley. 



167 

cartae in Caftro de 
Berkeley. 



3tub two yeares after in the viij'^ yeare of his raigne the faid kinge Edward 
pardoned this Lord Maurice five markes, parcell of five pounds whereat hee was 
amerced before Roger de Clifford and his fellowes the kings Juftices for pleas of 
Forrefts, for killinge twoe tucks in Weoly parke, which the kinge then had in right 
of Roger de Somery his ward : for difchardge whereof hee brought to the Barons 
of the Exchequer, the like writ of privy feale . Tefte . 25 . Junij. 

I0itf)itt his manor of Hame, this Lord Maurice had a wood called whitclive 
wood, adioyninge wherevnto, were his Tenant's arrable and pafture grounds, and 
likewife of divers freeholders : This hee fancieth to reduce into a parke ; hee 
treateth with freeholder and tenant for buyinge or exchanginge of fuch of their 
lands lyeing neere the faid wood as hee fancied : In which wood alfo, many others 
had comon, of pafture for theire cattle all tymes of the yeare, (for noe woods or 
grounds, in effeft, till the Eve of this age, were inclofed or held in feveralty;) with 
theis alfo hee treatieth for releafes of their comon ; SlftCr fome labor fpent', and not 
prevail inge to fuch effect as hee aymed at ; hee remembered (as it feemeth) the 
Adage, multa non laudantur nifi priiis perafta : many a6lions are not praifworthy 
till they bee done: Hee therefore on a fodaine refolutely inclofeth foe much of each 
mans land vnto his fayd wood as hee defired ; maketh it a parke, placeth keepers, 
and ftoreth it with Deere, And called it, as | to this day it is, Whitclyve parke : 
Cl)Cp feeing what was done, And this lord offeringe compofitions and exchanges as 
before, moft of them foone agreed, when there was noe remedy ; And hee foone 

after 



I28l 



Xifc of Maurice ti)c Second 



141 



after had theire grants and releafcs of land and comon as hee at firfl defined ; ptita- is-K : i. 
vnguentum pungit, pungentem ruliicus vngit : ^[t '^ "°*^ '°'' '^ Lord too long to 
make curtefey to the clowted flioo : Thofe fewe that reinayned obftinate, fell after 
vpon his fonne with fuites, to theire fmall comfort and lefs gaines. 

Ct)t.Sf Lord alfo in each of his Manors within this barony of Berkeley, reduced carta: in Caftrode 
fome part's of his demefnes into inclofures and feveralty : made meny exchanges, ^^ ^^^' 
cafting foe much thereof togeather, and reduceinge it neerer home to his Manor 
houfes, as the remnant of his age, and thofe tymes would permitt: which hufbandry 
as himfelfe in part received from his fathers example, which hee exceeded ; foe hee 
tranfmitted the prefident to a fonne, that in all hufbandries outwent both father and 
grandfather. 

3!n fuch grants as this Lord made of any rockes or fifhings in Seaverne, Cartae in CaRro de 
whereof fome were in ffee fimple, fome in tayle, and fome for life, hee vfually 
referued for his rent, all the fifli that fhould bee therein taken vpon fridayes. 

CIji?" lord was the firfl in whofe tyme I finde the vfe of marie, which in the carta : 40. H : 3. in 
fortieth yeare of Henry the third hee vfed for the betteringe of his grounds in the '^^ ^° ^ '^^ ^^^' 
Manor of Alkington. 



Ct)Cii^ things in his eflate (and many the like) thus done, hee obtayneth of cart : 8 : E : i. m : 

King Edward the firfl in the viij''' yeare of his raigne, a grant of free warren to Rot : in rec- thes- 

him and his heires in all his demefne lands within his Manor of Berkeley and '" S^cio per fe 

eodem anno. 
Berkeley herneffe. IBf)itt) in a quo warranto in the fifteenth of Edward the firfl ij , 

brought againfl Thomas his fonne and heire, was pleaded and allowed in a mofl Pafch : 15. E: i. 
/■ ■ ,, rot. 12 Glouc : 

fpetiall manner : 

3Cn& in his Manor of Portbury in the County of Somerfett, which later was pat: i : H: spars 
after confirmed to Thomas the fourth, the twentieth of November in the firfl yeare 
of kinge Henry the fifth : And the fame yeare a writ of quo warranto was brought 
againfl him for his hundred | of Portbury and the liberties hee claymed therein, 
wherto hee pleaded the grant of King Henry the fecond to his great grandfather 
Robert the fonne of Hardinge and his heires, which was found for him by Jury 
accordingly. 



4 : m : II. 



168 

Rec : in thefaur : 
de quo warr : in 
rec: Secij. 8. E: i. 



Chcrc runneth from Nibley (where the fpringe head is not farr from Simondfall) divers comp : et 
•^ / V I o / cartae in Caflro de 



a fmalle River called Doverle to Berkeley, and fo into the Haven there: 



Alfoe one 
other 



Berkeley. 



142 



€f)c %ioc^ of t!)c 25crftdcp!af 



1243 



other on the backfide of Nuport under the Worthy Park pale ; the channells and 
courfes of thefe ryvers this Lord fo fported withall for half a myle from Nuport 
downwards towards Berkeley, and from under the place where hurdpoole, and the 
pale of the parke nowe are, by alteringe them into fuch other courfes as hee pleafed ; 
That hee both bettered his grounds in thofe partes, And foe hufbanded hurdpoole 
and otjaer ponds about his cafhle, (many of whofe images are not yet decayed) That 
by his fluces, (clufas as the deeds of that tyme call them,) hee lett in and kept out 
both fait and frefli waters at his pleafure ; And thereby alfo tooke into them at 
certayne feafons of the yeare, fuch eeles, floukes, flounders, plaife and other fifli, as 
ran vp with the fpringe tides into thofe rivers : By which meanes alfo, hee beauti- 
fied the Eaft, fouth, and weft partes of his Caftle, with walkes and gardens ; But 
iam feges efl, vbi Troia fuit, refecandaque falci : 

Ripe corne nowe growes, where th' walls of ftately Troy did fland, 
Where fiflipools, dams, and fluces were, is now playne land. 

diverfae Cartfe in CfttJf Lord alfo imitating: the ill examples of his Father and Vncle, made many 

CaftrodeBerkeley. ^^ Z^'' ^ . n r^ ■ ^^ r ■ , 1 , 

^ , . r 1 ffee farme grants m moit of his Manors, relervmge the trewe valewe or more, that 

fuch lands foe enfeoffed could then be rented for, which ufually was fix pence the 
acre ; %nlt oftentymes was fo flri6l in his bargaines. That accordinge to the exa6l 
quantity of the land foe enfeoffed, hee referved the halfe pence and farthings, fup- 
pofinge hee had exceeded thofe Anceftors whofe refervations in the like grants 
i6g were but ij'^ or iiij'' | the acre at moft ; fuch care poffeffed all of them to keepe vp 
theire rents in a certainty of revennue ; 25ut his fonne the Lord Thomas in his 
tyme in the fame age, thought his hufbandry admitted noe paralell, when in imita- 
tinge the like courfe, he drewe vp his grants, to xij'' and xviij'^ the acre, K^otDbCtt 
Seefol: [187] all of them erred grofly in the mayne ground and confideration, as partly is before 
touched, and after more fully followeth, to the fmart of their fucceedinge genera- 
tions, not yet rubbed out ; wherein theire error was the greater, by howe much noe 
want of money or other need preffed them thereunto ; but hereof more hereafter. 



Efcuagerolhs-E : 
I. in arce london. 

Rot. de fuffi 

exercit : 5. E: i. 

in arce london. 



l^ingC <!Et)tuartl the firfl in the fifth yeare of his raigne prepareth to goe againfl 
Luwellin fonne of Griffin prince of wales, in which expedition Humphry de Bohun 
Earle of Hereford and Conftable of England, and Roger Bigod Earle of Norffolke 
and Marfliall of England, went generalls. The kinge by writ the xij'^ of Decemb', 
fomoneth all his fubiefts that hold of him by knight fervice, to recognize theire 
tenures and fervices, and accordingly to bee prepared for that martiall Journy. 



2Sl 



Hifc of ill^auricc tl)c ^cconb 



143 



It)t)crc\)))On this lord Maurice recognizeth to owe to the kinge the fervice of 
three knights fees for his baronye of Berkeley which by the perfons of himfelfe, and Baroma. 
S' Thomas Berkeley his fonne, and S' William Maunfell knights, was performed. 
3i;ntl this was the xvj'l" Army wherein this lord Maurice had till this tyme fervcd in 
perfon againll the French, Scotts, Welfh, and the kings rebells at home, as his life 
hitherto hath manifefted. 



Ct)i.S^ lord Maurice out of a faythfuH care to leave his eftate and Barony to his 
fonne and his pofterity free from all manner of queftion, gave three hundred markes 
in the fixth yeare of kinge Edward the firft, to have a deed and a fyne from Henry 
de Berkeley Lord of Durfeley of grant and releafe of all his right in the Mannor 
Berkeley and Berkeley hernefs and in the Barony of Berkeley, and in the Mannor 
of Wotton, market and faire there, and in the Manor and advowfon of Slimbridge 
(though I could never find caufe why hee (hould any way feeke the fame;) ^ntl 
this Henry was | the fonne of John of Berkeley, fonne of Henry, fonne of Roger, 
fonne of Robert and of Helena his wife, daughter of Robertt Fit3 Harding ; fonne 
of Roger Berkeley lord of Durfeley mentioned in the fore mentioned compofition 
made at Briftoll in the tyme of kinge Stephen touchinge this Manor and Barony of 
Berkeley here releafed. 



claus : 6. E •• I in 

dorfo magn : 

chartul. fo : in 

CadrodeBerkeley. 

Finis. 6 : E : i in 

banco. 

Cartne in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 



170 



See before fol : 9 
41. 



Co conclude this lord was prefent, with the greater part of the Baronage of 
England, at Kenelworth in the one and fiftieth yeare of King Henry the third, at 
the makeing; of that remarkeable award betweene the Kinge and his people foe 
famous in Chronicles. , 

And at the Parliam' holden at Marleborow in wiltflTire in the twoe and fiftieth 
of Henr)' the third, when the lawes comonly called the Statutes of Marlebridge 
were made. 



SUltb at the Parliament holden in the third yeare of King Edward the firfl, 
when the lawes, contayninge 48 chapters, called the Statutes of Weftminfler the 
firft, were made; whereto a curfe to the infringers is folemnly annexed: %i\h at the 
Parliament holden in the fourth of Edward the firft whereat, the Statutes then 
ena6led will declare, that good hufbandry and due culture of the ground nowe 
feemed to take a more fetled footinge then before : And Ayde made certaine for 
manage of the eldeft daughter, and making the eldeft fonne knight, leviable after 
the daughter is feaven yeares old, and the fonne fifteene yeares old. 



Explained in 
Anno : 25. E : 3. 



144 



€|)c HilJCiBf of tl^c ^tthekp^ 



1243 



%nti at the Parliament holden in the fixth of Edward the firft at Gloucefter, 
at the ena61;inge of thofe fifteene chapters, whereby the deficiency of the lawes in 
wafts, diffeifins, and many other mifcheifes were fupplyed. 

3Ilntl at the Parliament holden in the feaventh of Edward the firft, at the 
makeinge of the famous Statute of Mortmaine, wherby hee with other great lords 
prevented the mifcheefe which alienations of lands holden of them, to religious 
houffes, had caft vpon them, as the preamble declares. | 

171 J^i$f Wik 

%bn\lt the parentage of the Lady Ifabell wife to this lo : Maurice, a longe 
queftion {or rather a twofold error) hath bene amongft the genealogifts of this 
family. 



Newl : pedeg ; 



Carew fo : 79. 

Stow : fo : 296 

et 313. 



Hales manufcr : 

cu Rol5to Cotton. 

fol : 42. 



Efcaet : 28: E: i. 
in arce londini. 

Hollingfli:fo:309. 



I. ^dtltlOt Newland in his Pedegree, often before mentioned, written in the 
fifth yeare of Kinge Henry the Seaventh, And three others, gathered in the tymes 
of King Henry the fixth and of King Edward the fourth in the Caftle of Berkeley: 
Mr. Carctoc in his defcription of Cornwall; ^toU) in his larger chronicle, and divers 
other, with the Current of old Heralds bookes, make her the daughter of Edmond 
Earl of Cornwall, fonne of Richard kinge of Alemaine and Jherufalem, yonger 
brother of King Henry the third, fonnes of King John : 3lnll fome of them make 
her the bafe daughter of the faid Edmund : 25ut the ancient manufcript of Hales 
Abby in the County of Glocefter whereof the fayd Richard was founder, plainly 
fheweth the birth of this Edmond to bee in the five and thirtieth yeare of Henry 
the third. Anno 1250; longe before which tyme this Ifabell was maryed and had 
children by this lord, And foe not poffible to bee his daughter lawfull, nor bafe ; 
311nll further the office found after the faide Edmonds death in the xxviij''' of 
Edward the firft, fheweth that hee dyed the firft of 06lob' that yeare without iffue ; 
And that that kinge was his heire, and Ellenor daughter of Gilbert de Clare Earle 
of Gloucefter his wife, who furviued him. 



Rot. claus : 48. 
H : 3. m : 4. 

code in dorfo in 
Coin Effex. 



2. <£)tljCCj9f will have her to bee the bafe daughter, not of the faid Edmund, but 
of the fayd Richard Kinge of Alemaine, Edmonds father, and foe Neece to Kinge 
Henry the third, elder brother of the fayd Richard ; And infift upon the Authority 
of the manufcript rithmicall Chronicle of Robert de Glouc : who in the tyme of H : 
6. wrote thus. 

S'' Richard 



flife of a^aurifc rt)c ^cconD 



145 



S' Richard le fit5'roy, of whom wee fpoke before, 

Gent'leman he was enough, though he was lafl I bore, 

For the Earles daughter of warren his good moder was, 

And his Fader king John, that begat a purcas, 

S' Maurice of Berkeley wedded fuch by cas. 

His daughter, and begat on her the good K'. S' Thomas. 



Rot)t de Glouc ; 
manufcr : cum 
Rot)to Cotton : 



25ut this may not pafs for truth : for all hiftories agree. That this Richard was 
borne in the yeare 12 10. the xij'J" yeare of Kinge John; 3llnb proofs and records 
are playne. That this Ifabell was maryed and had iffue by this Lord Maurice her 
hufband in the yeare 1240. the xxv'^ of Henr)' the third: which fpace of thirty 
yeares, all men will hold too fhort a tyme for Richard, (a kings fonne,) to bee fo 
mangrowne as in fifteene yeares to have a bafe daughter borne, And fhee in fiftene 
more to bee lawfully maryed and have iTfue : IJ^citfjCt was the faide Earles daughter 
of warren mother of the fayd Richard, as Robert our Poet rymeth. But Ifabell, 
Aymer's daughter and heire as nowe followeth ; 2B*Ut CCrtailtcIp lliee was daughter 
of Maurice de Credonia ats Croun in the County of Lincolne, and of the Lady 
Ifabell his wife, fifter of wittm de Valence Earle of Penbroke ; which Ifabel and 
Earle Wittm, were the children of Hugh de Brun Earle of March and Lord of 
Lufignian and Valence in Poitien in France, and of the lady Ifabell his wife 
daughter and heire of Aymer Earle of Angolifme, grandchilde of Lewis the grofs 
Kinge of France and widowe of Kinge John ; father by her of this King Henry 
the third : And foe was this Ifabell wife of this Lord Maurice, Neece to the fayd 
kinge Henry, as being daughter to the fayd Ifabell his halfe fifter; As in his grants 
to her of lands in Effex appeareth, wherein hee ftileth her, in one, by the name of 
dilefta confanguinea noftra, his welbeloved kinfwoeman, And in the fecond dile6la 
neptis noftra, his welbeloved neece. 



172 

Chron. de Hales 
predidl. fol. 40. 



Speed fo : 507. 

Brook Herald, et 
oes alij. 



claus : 48. H : 3. 
m. 4 et in dorfo 
eiufd : 



dated . 12 . Julij. 
dated. 10. Augufli. 



SUniJ herein agree with mee S"" Robertt Cotton, M' Campden Clarencieux, and 
learned Auguftine Vincent Rouge croffe, (quos honoris caufa nomino) whofe 
freindly helps I had, thus iuftly to vindicate this noble race, and to free it from the 
ftaine of a matche in baftardye, and to rciflifye this old and wide fpread error. 



Cfji^ is that lady Ifabell, the fuppofed donee of Atfeild & Saintloe, of the 
Manors of Wotton, Simondfall, Came, Hinton, and Cowley, whereupon was founded 
Queene Maryes and Queene Elizabeths titles to thofe five manors ; that intricate 
and perplexed title, toffed beetweene the heire male, and the heire generall of the 

u iffues 



146 



€l)c attest of tge 2&cchricp^ 



1243 



173 iffues of this Maurice | and Ifabell, contynuinge . 192 yeares from the fifth yeare of 
Henry the fifth when it began, till the Seaventh of King James that now is, when 
it ended; as after in the lyves of James the firft, and of Henry Lord Berkeley 
followeth at large. 



claus. in dorfo 

48. H : 3. Effex. 

Ptita pafch : 47 

H: 3. rot: 6 et: 22. 

fol : [463] 



See fol : [163] 



Vetus manufcr : in 
caflro de Berkeley. 



Pat: 34. E: i.m: 14. 

Rot : Vafcon. 13. 

14 E : 2. m : 12. 

Rot: Romce. 1 1 E: 

2. m : 12. 



174 

Vetus pedeg : 

E : 4. in caflro 

de Berkeley. 



3jn part of manage portion, this lady Ifabell brought with her the inheritance 
of the Manor of Great Wenden in Effex, which contynued in theire male iffue till 
Thomas lord Berkeley the fourth of that name in the fifth of King Henry the 
fourth alyened it, as in his life appeareth ; To which Manor, this lord in the fix and 
fortieth of Henry the third, added a market and fayre by grant of that kinge, for 
fettinge vp whereof the fayd Richard Kinge of Almaine and Jherufalem in the next 
yeare brought his aftion againft this Lord, as being to the detriment of his market 
and fayre of Newport, as amongfi; the lawe fuits of this lord appeareth ; %n argu- 
ment that this lord was not that Kings fonne in lawe nor this lady Ifabell his 
daughter, nor their children (then mangrowne) his grandchildren ; %l\ whofe 
fervices & obedience hee would not have fhoken off, for a matter of foe triviall a 
confequence. %\^1i the Deed whereby this Lord Maurice eflated this lady Ifabell 
for her life in the fayd five Manors at the tyme of his mariage hath theis words in 
the clofe thereof, Hsec omnia feci in prefentia domini mei, domini Henrici regis 
Angliae eius affenfu et voluntate ; y have . y made thes dede in prefence of my lord 
Harry Kinge of Ingeland, with the affent of him and his will, as I find the fame 
in an old writeinge of the fixth of Henry the fifth, which herein I followe : %\fitX 
kinge Edward the firfl and his fonne Kinge Edward the fecond, in divers letters 
written to Thomas Lord Berkeley fonne of this Maurice and Ifabell, and to the 
lord Maurice his eldefl fonne, greets them both in patents and pardons, by the 
name of his welbeloved cozens ; Silntl in two letters to the Pope, calls James this 
lords grandchilde, his welbeloved Cozen, as after appeares ; And in his fecond tre 
preffeth his requeft the more, becaufe the fayd James is his Cozen, JBljict) title of 
kindred in noe likelyhood, theis kings would have extended to the third genera- 
tion, had theire bloud and alliance bene deduced from all illegetimation, efpetially 
themfelves being but in a collatterall degree of alliance to the vncles baflard 
daughter ; | 3CroUlTinitiSf to mee out of manifold confiderations. That fliee was 
Henry the thirds Neece by legitimate birth, and not ex multiplici progenie natam, 
as bafely fome have affirmed her to bee. 



311ntl for a finall fatisfaftion, I referr this family io theis Records not formerly 
vouched nor margined : patent : 35. H : 3. m. 6. / liberat : 36. H : 3. bis in rotulo. / 

pat : 36 



I28l 



life of dl^nuricc tl)c :§>rconb 



147 



pat : 36. H : 3. pars. 2. m : 5. / liberal. 41. H 
3. m : 22. / pat. 21. E : i. m : 15. 



m : 12. ct vltima. Claus : 45. H : 



Cfji.tf lady Ifabell dyed the feaventh of July about the fourth or fifth of Kinge Newl : pcdeg: 
Edward the firft, a fewe yeares before her hufband, and lycth buryed in the ciaus:4. E:i. 
Monaftery Church of S' Auguflines by Briftoll ; Betweene whom and this lord, was m: n. 
iffue Maurice called Maurice de Berkeley iunior, who beinge growne remarkeable 
for his age and valor, was after in the life of his father flayne at Jufts at Killing- 
worth Caftle in warwicklhire, before iffue or mariage ; Thomas who fucceeded his 
father in his barony, Robert, Simon, and Mawde, as followeth. 

%hbot Newland (often before mentioned) telleth this family, That Maurice Newl : pedegree in 

Berkeley, after flavne at the Jufls at Kenellworth, fucceeded this lord Maurice his CaarodeBerkeley: 

/ Anno 5. H. 7. 

father ; And that by his dyeing without iffue, his inheritance difcended to Thomas 

his fecond brother, who fucceeded him; A double error, vnpardonable in the Abbot; 

the truth of which ftory is thus, not vnworthy the relatinge. 



3[n the feaventh of King Edward the firfl. Anno 1279. dominus Rogerus de 
Mortuo mari vir nobilis et in armis ftrenuus de londonijs removit cum centum 
militibus prudenter armatis, et totidem dominabus coram eis cantica laetitijE canenti- 
bus vfque Kenellworth et ibm per tres dies continues tenuit hafliludia fua in armis : 
Hie lufus rotunda vocabatur, eo quod locus in quo ludebant milites, fortiffima 
claufura per girum vallatus fuit. <irt)C lord Roger de Mortimer, a noble and valiant 
man in Armes departed from london to kenellworth with an hundred knights well 
Armed, and with as many ladyes goeing | before them fmginge fongs of mirth and 
ioyfullnes; where for three wholl dayes they held fpearplayes, Jufls, and turniaments, 
in their Arms ; This exercife was called round play, becaufe the place wherein the 
Knights thus fported was compaffed round about with a mofl; flronge inclofure of 
timber, %v3i as Campden and others have, It was vfed in fuch an outragious 
manner, and with fuch flaughter of noble gentleme and others. That thcis Turnia- 
ments were by divers decrees of y'' Church forbidden, vpon payne that whofoever 
therein were flayne, fhould want Chriflian buriall in Church or Church yard : And 
though alfo forbidden by feverall lawes and proclamations, yet grewe not out of vfe 
till the latter dayes of Kinge Edward the third, as after is related in divers of theis 
lords lives. 



chron : monaflerij 
de Hales manufcr: 
cu Rofeto Cotton 
Baronetto. 



175 



Campden Britan : 
in Com : Hertf : 
fo : 407 Englifh. 
Math : Paris de 
anno 1248. 
Munller cofm : fo. 
Hollingfli: fo: 221 
See the red book 
in the Excheq. for 
theis turnaem", 
towards the end : 



9 n this place and at this tyme it was. That Maurice de Berkeley called Camden britt : 
Maurice the yonger, eldefl fonne of this lord, then in the beft of his age, in theis ^"S''*- ^0:407- 
u 2 Turneaments 



148 



€|)c %i\it^ of t^e V£>nMtp0 



1243 



Turneaments and Juftings, loft his life; As wee read in the like exercices, Gilbert 
Marifchall Earle of Penbrooke, S' John Mortimer fecond fonne of Edmond the 
fixth lord of wigmore, and divers others of fpetiall note to have done. 

%ftCt the death of which Maurice, this lord his father lived twoe yeares, And 
vpon his death, Thomas (whofe life as lord next followeth) was by divers Inquifi- 
tions in feverall Countyes found to bee his heire, then about thirty five yeares of 
age; whereby may be geffed the age of the fayd Maurice his elder brother when 
hee was flayne at Kenellworth as aforefayd, havinge borne Armes in the feild 
againft the kings enemyes many yeares before, as formerly is touched. 

Claus ; 30. E: I. SUlltl foe accompanied with particular mifcheifes to many private families, 

° °' befides the generall inconvenience to the publike ftate, were theis Turneaments 

GloiTar: Spilma and Jufts, that in the thirtieth of King Edward the firft, cam forth a proclamation 
forbiddinge, vel turneare, bordiare, iuftas facere, vel adventuras quserere, per totam 
Angliam ; or Eyther to concurre with fwords, fight at barriers, exercife haftyludes, 
or feeke adventures, any where in England. 

I. Cfjomaief therefore was eldeft fonne to this lord at the tyme of his death, 
whofe life is next related. I 



176 

fine in the Abby 
of weftm'': 3. E : i. 



Rot: fin: 6. E: 3. 
m : 1 6. 

Original : in Sccio 

6 : E : 3. rot : 34. 

finis in Banco 17. 

E : 1. Som'fet. 

Rot. fin : predidt. 



2. ]I{ollCCt Berkeley knight and fecond fonne to this lord Maurice at his death, 
had his abode at Erlingham, To whom and to Simon his yonger brother and to 
their heires Joyntly, this lord Maurice theire father, did in the third yeare of King 
Edward the firft by fine give the Manor of Erlingham, a member of his Manor of 
Berkeley ; To hold of him and his heires by one penny rent for all fervices and 
demaundes : for which alienation, threefcore and five yeares after in the fixth of 
Kinge Edward the third, were the coheires of this S' Robert, driven to fue a 
pardon and pay twoe markes fyne to the kinge, fith the fame (as the record fayth) 
was holden in capite: Symon dyed without iffue, whereby the wholl manor furvived 
to this S' Robert, who by Jone his firft wife had iffue John Berkeley, Thomas, 
Robertt and Ifabell : John Berkeley dyed in thee fowerteenth of Edward the 
fecond leaving iffue fower daughters, Elizabeth, Felicia, Lettice, and Margarett, 
fometymes written Margery : The three eldeft after two difcents dyed without 
iffue ; And Margarett the yongeft daughter of the fayd John, was maryed to John 
Yate, whoe had iffue betweene them, John Yate, father of William, father of John, 
and Richard ; John dyed without iffue. And Richard had iffue Walter- father of 

Richard ; 



I28l 



flifc of a^auricc rtjc ^Seconb 



149 



carta cu wittmo 
Try de Hardwick. 



177 



Richard; father of Thomas Yate, that yet liveth, 1628. of greate age, who was 

threefcore and five yeares agone, attendinge Henry Lord Berkeley in his chamber; 

and Giles Yate, fometyme alfo a fervant to the fayd Lord: from which Thomas and 

Giles are difcended many fonnes and daughters, whoe likewife have plentifull pof- 

terities ; CtjiiS S' Robertt the fecond, fonne of this lord Maurice, had alfo the Efcha. 15. E. 2 

grounds and woods called Inwoods in Came, Beoly farme, and other lands in 

Clehungre ; And alfo in the Seaventh of Edward the fecond, purchafed to him and 

his heires of Margarett de Valers a rent of forty fhillings, wherewith fhee charged 

her lands in Vley and Came, which after her death came into the family of the 

Baffetts of Vley, by whome | the faid rent is payd to this day Anno : 1628 For 

non payment whereof diftrefs was taken and an Avowry made, wherein the pedigree Efcaet: 15 

of this S' Robert for the five next defcents is layde down as followeth, which S' 

Robert dyed about the nynth yeare of the fayd kinge Edward the fecond. 

fClloniaje? Berkeley fecond fonne of this S' Robert, was called Thomas of Beoly; 
And did partake in rebellion in the fifteenth of Edward the fecond with Maurice 
then lord Berkeley ; And by Maud his wife had iffue John and Margaret' ; John 
dyed in the twentieth of Edward the third without iffue, then in ward to Thomas 
lord Berkeley ; And Margarett was maryed to Raphe Try^e who had iffue betweene 
them John Tr>^e father of William Try, who died in the life of his father, leaving 
iffue John father of William Trye, whoe marryed Ifabell daughter of James lord 
Berkeley, The fruites of which manage fee in the end of the life of the faid lord 
James. 

Clobctt the third fonne of the said S' Robert, by Elizabeth his wife had iffue 
Thomas who dyed without iffue 

^Isfafiril their fifler was maryed to Richard Eftmead, who had iffue ; But that 
iffue dyed without iffue. 

3. :StniOn the third fonne of this lord Maurice and lady Ifabell, was never 

marryed. 

4. ^atDbC daughter of the fayd lord Maurice and lady Ifabell lyved longe, and 
purchafed land in Nibley to her and hir heires, (which fometyme were the lady 
Julian's, wife to the fecond Robert lord Berkeley,) and dyed without iffue. 

J^ijtf ^cak0 of 3tnncjBi 
C!)C Scales which this lord Maurice vfed to his Deeds, both in yellowe and 
greene wax, were of two fortes ; Sometymes he fealed with the chevron without 

the 



fol : [550] 

Finis in bancoHill: 
17. E: i.Somersett. 



ISO 



€{)c %ibc0 of tl)c 25crftricpiEf 



1243 



178 



the croffes, circumfcribed, S. Mauricij de Berkelei ; fometymes with the George on 
horfbacke, circumfcribed as aforefayd, Both of them about an inch and quarter 
brode, | SCltD none of theis feales had any reverfes, fupporters, or Crefts : Behold 
the figures. 




I^isf SDpatl^ anb pace of 2&urian 

Dies mortis, aeternae vitae natalis efl ; which death and birth day hapneth to 
this lord on S' Ambrofe day the fourth of Aprill, Anno. 1281 . in the nynth yeare 
of Kinge Edward the firft, then aged fixty three, being his great clymaflericall 
yeare, of which he fate lord thirty feaven yeares and five Months; And was buryed 
in the North He of the Church of the Monaflery of S' Auguftines next to the Altar 
Ptita et Jurata of S! Maurice, leavinge the performance of his will to Wittm parfon of Slimbridge 
15. E; I. rot: 31. church, Bartholomew of Oulpen, and the Pryor of Stanley, whom hee made his 
Executors, who vnderwent fome fuites and trobles about the execution thereof. 



Magn : chartuL 
fol: 123. 

Efchaet . in turre 
9 : E : I. 



^10 HanDiS tDljcrrof Ijcc bpctJ ^eiytx 

J^ijGf Offices found in the fame Month of his death, declare. That, with his 
honor and Barony, hee left to Thomas his eldefl fonne the Manors of Berkeley ; 
(wherevnder thofe two of Hame and Appleridge are comprehended, which later hee 
much inlarged by a purchafe made of Wiftm Ruffs in the ffortieth yeare of King 
Henry the third ;) and of Wotton, Came, Cowley, Hurfl, Hineton, Alkington, and 
Slimbridge valewed at 279'' 9^ 3"^ in the County of Glocefter. 

j-Q 5llnll the Mannor of Portbury (named the moytie,) and the fforren | hundred of 

Portbury ; And the manor of Bedminfler with the hundreds of Bedminfter and 
Harteclyve ; And Radeclyveftreet' without Briftoll in the County of Somerfett. 



5CnD the Manor of Wenden in the County of Effex. 

3llnD Bixe, Stokenchurch and Kilefham in the County of Oxon. 

311nl> the Manor of F"aldingworth in the County of Lincoln. 



mnti 



128 1 Hifc of \HBauricc tl)c .^cconD 151 

5llnt> divers lands and Tenements in the County of Wilts. 

3CnD the Manor of Weftcote in the County of 

3llnll divers lands in Purton, Adon, Teveleford, and Chartelege, 

%VSi the fame Month of his Offices in Eafter Terme in the faid ninth yeare, Rot: fin: 9. E: i 

the faid Lord Thomas doth his homage, and finifheth his livery as the kings writt, Original: 9: E: 1 

Tefle xviij" April in the nynth of Edward the firft, doth certifie : which was in the '" 5'ci;io. 

J t- J ' ^ ^ Pafch : rec : in 

fpace of fowerteene dayes after his fathers death: Howbeit his Reeleefe is not payde Sccio 4 : E : 3. 
till the dayes of his Grandchilde, in the fourth of King Edward the third, as then s*eefoPr^i4l 
appeareth. 



The vfe. 



€l^c 5CypUcation aiiD \i^c of fji^ Hifie 

1. <!Df tl^i^, lord Maurice it may bee faid, quod diu fuit, fed parum vixit, hee 
lived longe, but had a Short life, enioyed onely in quiet the lafl; feaven yeares of 
his life: his conflitution was adtive and of a working quallitye ; noething refembling 
the prudent moderation of his father: If not in acflion againft his Kinge, or the 
Kings enemies, in fuites with his peers, neighbors and Tenant's : I propofe him an 
hufbandly Example in reducinge his fcattered quillet's of ground togeather into 
entire enclofures : And for the profit that thereby arofe to hinifelfe, and fince to his 
pofterity, 511uD that hee was a Lord that would make way for his will, which was 
often the rule whereby he walked ; breake hee might, bend hee would not. 

2. 3(l0ahlC from divers paffages in this lords life, This error of his may bee of 

vfe to his poflerity : That fuch greate lords as call all | the carefull endeavors of 180 
theire Officers and Servants onely duty and det, And are more apt to punifh and 
difgrace, then to countenance or reward, fhall find themfelues vpon change of 
Fortune, (from which he liveth not' that is exempted,) not onely freindleffe but 
even contemptible and defpifed, which for a while this lord proved true. 

3. QCgainc the troblefome part of this lords life commends over this truth to 
his poflerity, That to give any violent advife in doubtfull enterprifes, is rather a 
teflimony of love then of wifdome in the giver : for the ill fucceffe is allwayes cafl; 
vpon the Counfell : And good fucceffe never wants many fathers to acknowledg it, 
though falfe ones : This was at one tyme the cafe of this lord. 



Il^l"-" 



f iniiSf Si^atDcidi jSccunDi. 



®l)c Cifc of ®l)amas tl)c Scrani 183 

€^c life of Thomas Lord Berkeley the fecond of that liiverfae canoe in 

n-1 1 • • ■ T-. • -T-t T-> 1 . CaflrodeBerkeley. 

name, Itiled m wnteings, Dominus Thomas de Berkelee ; 

And, Thomas de Berkelee dfis de Berkelee ; 3Cnli, Thomas 

de Berkelee filius Mauricij de Berkele ; 3CnD, Dominus 

Thomas de Berkelee diis de Berkelee : 311nD, dns Thomas 

de Berkeleye dns de Portbury ; %vXi, Thomas de Berkele 

dns de wenden. 

3lnti may be called Thomas the wife. 

Contemporary with kinge Edward the firft, and part of 

kinge Edward the fecond, from . 1281 . to 1321. 

XBt^o^c life I doe prefent to his pofterity vnder theis feaven- 

tene titles . viz' 

I.- — i^ijef birth and age of adolofency fol : 184. 

2. — ©ijfli Hufbandries : fol : 184. 

3- — €^C vfuall price of Corne, Cattle, pultry &c., in the tymes of 

King Edward the firft, Edward the fecond, Edward the third, 

and of Richard the fecond, compared with the prefent tyme 

fol : 192. 
4. — ]^i0 hofpitality fol : 196. 

5. — l^ijtf forren imployments in warrs and embaffes . fol : 201. 
6. — I5i^ recreations and delights fol : 222. 
7. — l^ijSi purchafes of lands fol r 223. 
8. — f$i^ fuites in lawe fol : 226. 
9. — j^i^ Almes and devotions fol : 238. 
10. — j^ijBf mifcellaines or various paffages not reducible vnder any of 

the former titles . fol : 241. 
1 1. — '^10 wife fol : 243. 



— I^i^ iffue fol : 245. 

— 'J^Crhdcp of wimondham fol : 246. 

— ^10 Scales of Armes . fol : 259. 

— ^10 death and place of buriall fol : 260. 

— ^i0 lands whereof he dyed feized . fol : 261. 

— CijC Application and vfe of his life . fol : 262. 



154 



€f)c %i\)c^ of tl)c 2Bftfericpjaf 



184 



Efchaet. 9. E : i. 

poftmort. Mauricij 

de Berkeley. 

diverfi com pi 

miniftror temp : 

E : I in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Inq : 9. E : I. pod 

mort : Mauricij, 

in Arce london. 

in Coin Glouc : 

et Somerfett. 



185 

Comp : miniflror : 

temp: E : i. E : 2. 

in Caflro de Berk. 

in divers, manei'-. 



3 



dtn nowe come to another Solomon of his tyme ; 51 Itlfltl of men ; A 
man for all houres, and for all affaires ; Ci)C feaventh in fucceffion, IBfjat 
influence ruleth in that feptenary number, I argue not ; But fure I am, 
this lord was a man at home and abrode, in peace and in warre, in the Forraigne 
Embaffees of his Prince, and in his Country Goverments, of an vniverfall vnder- 
ftanding, 3Ilnll for his private huflaandries, and houfkeepings he admitted fewe 
compeers : Co that a6live age wherein hee lived, not onely an Ornament, but to 
his pofterity alfo : % wife, devout, and honeft lord, much to bee preferred before 
the befl of his former fix forefathers. 0[n whome I admire the providence of the 
all difpofeinge God, by removeinge the elder brother (otherwife addifted) but in 
the Eve before his fathers death, thereby to graft into this familye this noble 
branch, the feaventh bearinge of theire regall flemme, unparralled, and to bee a 
prefident to all his pofleritye. 

i$i0 birtl) anb age of aDolciSccncpe 

CljC birth of this lord was at Berkeley in Anno. 1245 in the Nyne and 
twentieth yeare of Kinge Henry the third, fhortly after his Grandfathers death, 
where part of his pupillage was fpent. J^i-S next dayes at Bedminfler by Brifloll, 
which Manor his Father for fupport of his youthes expenfes, and for his firfl initia- 
tions in hufbandry conferred vpon him ; In which courfe, and vntill the tyme of his 
mariage, hee contynnued : jl^autng the Abbot and Prior of S' Auguftines Monaftery 
by Briftoll, and the Mafler of S! Katherines hofpitall, (confyning vpon this Manor 
of Bedminfter) creatures begot by his Anceflors Almes and devotions, his guides 
and inftru6lors : '3ri)C reft of his life afmuch as his forraigne imployments fpared 
vnto him was fpent at Berkeley Caftle and at his other houfes, as after followeth, 
beinge in the beft of his age, when by the death of his Father his Barony difcended 
vpon him. 

Cl)C Accompts of the Reeves and Baylyes of this lord Thomas, yearly ingroffed 
I in parchment, whereof more than 200 remayne in Berkeley Caftle, declare, that 
this lord kept in his hands, the Scites and demefnes of his Manors of Hame, 
Alkington, Hineton, Hurft, Slimbridge, Came, Cowley, Wotton, Simondfall, and 

others 



1 321 Hifc of <ri)omasf tf)c Second '55 

others in the County of Glouceftcr ; And the Manors of Portbury, Bedminfter, 
and others in the County of Somerfett ; And the Manors of wenden magna, and 
wenden parva, in the County of Effex ; and fome others. 31n which Accompts 
from the death of his father to the death of himfelfe (the fpace of forty yeares) is 
perfpicuoully fet forth in what forte hee hufbanded each of them, what forts of 
Cattle hee kept vpon them, As horfes both for draught and ftall, mares for breed 
and labour, bullockes, fteers, kine, heifors, and calves, fhecpe for the Butcher, flore 
and breede ; Swine of all forts, as boares, fowes, hoggs, porkets, fhootes and piggs, 
Geefe for breede and for the Larder, Capons, Hens, Cockerells, pulletts, and 
chickens, Ducks and Mallards, peacocks, pigeons, goats male and female, kids and 
Bees. 

3^l^Q what kinds of graine hee yearly fowed accordinge to the quality and 
condition of the ground, as wheat, barly, peafe. Gates, Rye, Fetches, And had alfo 
Drage,^ pilcorne,^ mixtilon,^ brotcorne^ &c. words I profeffe, not well to vnderfland ; 
And alfo howe theife kindes of graine each fecond or third yeare were exchanged, 
or brought from one Manor to an other, As the Vale Corne into an vpland Soyle, 
and contrarily the Vpland and Cotfall corne fowne in the Vale and lowe grounds ; 
the very exa6l hufbandry of theis dayes in thofe places, as is nowe pra6lifed by the 
mofk prudent and generous plow men : !31ln& how hee fet with hand, (not fowed) his 
beanes ; And in the barn leazed in the eare, and by the corne, part of his wheat 
for feed, as the moft accurate and curious good huflaandmen accuftome to doe at 
this day Anno 1622. 

%\0O in theis Accompts (excellent Schoolmafters for theis our tymes, and wher- 
vnder, I profefs to have profited) is declared, howe this lord for his better profit 
exchanged, removed, and flitted, part | of his Cattle of moft of the forefaid kindes 186 

at 
1 Mixed Corn, generally barley and Oats, now called "dredge-corn" in Devon and Cornwall. 
Bp. Kennett, in his Gloflarial Colle(ftions (Lands. MS. 1033) mentions "dredge Mault," malt made of 
Oats mixed with barley Malt. See Promp. Parv. v Dragge. 

^ Peeled Com — Stripped com — i.e. hufks removed from it. "Pailli" — chaff, from the latin " palea." 
See, " Pillcome from the Mill" fide folio, 193. 

8 MLxed or dredge Corn of wheat and rye — " Mefllyene " — Meflin-bread made of equal parts of 
wheat and rye was, according to Forby, formerly confidered as a delicacy, the houfehold loaf being com- 
pofed of rye alone. 

* Brotcom is mentioned in Rogers' " HiA. of Agric: and Prices " I. 232, but he is unable to explain 
what it is, fo at prefent are we. — Ed. 
X 2 



156 €l)c HilJCjS of tfjc 25crhckpiSf 1281 

at certaine feafons of the yeare from one manor to another accordinge to the 
diverfity and condition of the foile and deepnes of the feedinge ; And as the fame 
grounds were dryer or wetter, warmer or Colder, quicker or flower in theire fpring- 
ings or other Conditions of the place : IpotOC the eldefl of the fheep were drawne 
out as CuUions to bee fatted for mutton for Butchers and provifion of his houfe : 
I^otDC the rams at fittinge Seafons of the yeare were fevered from the Ewes and 
weather fheep, And howe when in Odlober, the Rams were brought backe to the 
Ewes, they were not admitted all at one tyme togeather, but fome referved for 
fowerteene or fixteene dayes after, vntill the former gamflers had wafted their 
ftrength by which meanes of theis frefh new Comers, fcarce an Ewe went barren. 
5llntl the dorfe of thefe Accompts obferve an annuall vniformitye in expreffinge 
what Cattle, Corne, and foule of all kindes, tooles, implements, and materialls of 
houfe and hufbandry, remayned at the end of the former yeares in each farme 
houfe and grange ]Bt)at was fpent there, or fold, or given to poore, or to orders 
of religion, And what was delivered to his owne ftandinge houfe : And howe 
many of each kind were reaped, Inned, hatched, or bred : how many of eche kind 
fold for mony, Howe many dead of all difeafes ; And 'how many of each kind and 
fort remayned at the yeares end. 

^tit^V doe theis Accompts fcorne to difcend foe lowe, as to declare, what 
money was yearly made by fale of the locks, belts, and tags of the Sheep, {as well 
as of the fleeces) of the hearbes of the garden, ftubble from off the Corne lands, 
crops and fetts of withy'es, of Ofier rods, the Offall wood of old hedges, of butter, 
cheefe, and milke, dunge and Soile, of bran, nuts, wax, Hony and the like. 

5llntl declare alfo, what ftockes or fruit trees were yearly grafted or planted, 
And what apples and peares were yearly gathered. And what Cyder and perry was 
yearly made ; wherein fuch was the plenty by the hufbandry vfed. That from the 
two Orchards of Slimbridg and Hurft Farmes, were vfually gathered, fowerfcore 
quarters of Apples and Peares in a yeare, where nowe fcarce two trees remayne. | 

187 3fiIj6fO, what hindes and hufbond fervants, and vnder what wages, and w'^ what 

Allowances, his hufbandries there tooke up and vfed : 3llnb what dayes workes and 
other helps hee yearly drewe from his copihold Tenants of each yard land, halfe 
yard land, and quarter of a yard land called a farrundell : This prudent Lord 

^ knoweing in certainty, what and how many workes each Tenant was to doe, each 
yeare Month or weeke, according to the Seafon of the tyme and Condition of the 

labor. ^ot\x)tt|)^tantiiii0e 



Hifc of Cfjomasf the :S>cfoiiD 



157 



^OttDttfjiSftflllbinffC which excellencies of Hulbandries, this vnparaleld lord 

built too high vpon the erronious foundation of his fathers and Grandfathers ex- Seefol:[t34] 

amples, (Ayminge at the Conflant vpholdinge of his prefent rents and revenue, 

which hee fuppofed would never increafe) : Sdnl) that hee was withall in his later 

dayes (out of great providence as he fuppofed,) foe fearefull of the fall and decreafe 

thereof, That in the lafl twenty yeares wherein hee fate Lord, betweene the thirtieth 

yeare of Edward the firil and the fiftienth yeare of Edward the fecond, hee made 

neer eight hundred guifts in tayle (favinge the revercon to himfelfe and his heires) 

of divers parcells of his lands in all his Manors in Glouceflerfhire, at the hieft 

values and rents fuch lands would then bee fcrued unto ; which Courfe leaning too 

much as I faid to the ill prefidents of his three lafl forefathers) hee then, out of the 

experience of his old age, held to bee great prudence and difcretion foe to faften 

them, (the trobled eftate of the kingdome foe flandinge, wherein rents decayed 

rather then any wayes increafed,) 3Cnll withall the ftatute de donis conditionalibus 

not longe before made, (wherein hee had his voyce) did (as hee then conceived) 

affure him, That fuch donees in tayle dyinge without iffue, the land foe given, 

fhould revert to him or his heires: And that the heires of fuch Donees being within 

Age, fhould bee in warde to him ; for that by fuch grants they were to hold of him, 

as he held over, which was by knight fervice ; And foe the profit of the land to 

become his owne agayne. And the value of the mariage alfo to boote. And in the 

meane tyme the rent to contynue certaine to him without fall or decreafe ; That as it 

feemcth hee wanted | but chapmen in fuch forte to have granted all the Copihold 188 

lands of his wholl barony, and of his other Manors in other Countyes: for (fomwhat Cooks 10. reports 
. ... . ^ , . , , ., , X 1 1 if^ Mary Porting- 

to excufe him) as yet, nor till the tyme of his great grandchilde, was pradlized the tons cafe. 

device of Comon Recoveries, to cut of Entayles, remainders, or revertions ; vnder 

pretence of rendringe a recompence in valewe, which (in truth) at firft feemed to 

bee but a witty trick to buy and fell land, and to defeat the will of the donor, And 

(vpon the matter) to difmherite the heire of the revercon, fervice, and efcheate, 

contrary to the meaninge and expreffed words of the faid Statute, that comaunded. 

That the will of the Donor, expreffed in his grant, fhould bee thenceforth obferved 

in all thinges ; though nowe fuch recoueries are become the Comon affurances of 

lands; whereof more afterwards in this lords life is to bee faid : |5citI)Cr had the Seeaft : fol:[24i] 

Statute of Fines, (made in the fourth yeare of Henry the Seaventh, longe after the 

former invention,) bound all parties and privies to fuch alyenations ; And therefore 

the errors of this prudent Lord are the more excufable ; for hee fawe this Statute Cooke, pref: to his 

of donis conditionalibus made and vniverfally applauded of all great lords, And reports: 

had himfelfe an vnderflandinge voyce in the makeing thereof, as after followeth : 

And 



158 €I|c Xibcjef of tl)c "HBetMcp^ 1281 

Cooke inRitut. lib: And. could not prophecy of the defeat that after would befall it, or of the mifcheife 
it would throwe vpon after ages ; for through this lawe, (as learned Coke hath) 
purchafers could not be fure of theire purchafes, farmers of theire leafes, Creditors 
of their dets, the kinge and lordes of theire efcheates, forfeitures, wardlhippes, and 
other profitts of theire Seigniories ; And many have bene (faith hee, and truly) the 
contentions and mifcheifes which have crept into the quiet of the lawe, by the fettred 
inheritances brought in by this Statute of donis conditionalibus, as experience hath 
long poynted out vnto vs ; And therefore it was of neceffity to finde out a remedy 
for thofe mifcheifes, whereof more hereafter. 

25ut to proceede, for the better incouragement of fuch Donees and others to 
take of him fuch efhates in tayle. And the better thereby to increafe the rent of the 
land foe given, hee vfually granted licenfe therewith to take marie out of his Manors 
189 of Alkington, Hame, Cowly &c. where | Marie pitts were, and earth out of the 
greene high wayes for amendment of fuch land ; %nii alfo gave fuch donees liberty 
to inclofe and keepe fuch theire lands in feveralty at all tymes, tl]^on which grants 
hee vfually referved . xviij'* the Acre or more, betteringe the valewes of his Father 
and Grandfather, yet were the tymes as troblefome and flu61;uatinge as before ; 
J^CC alfo fell vpon his Chace of Michaellwood, which had yealded to his Anceftors 
or himfelfe litle or noe rent or profit, more then thornes and timber, and improved 
out of the outflvirts or fides thereof round about the fame, fome hundreds of Acres ; 
%v3i in his like grants thereof, for better incouragement to takers, hee granted alfo 
therew'^ Comon of pafture throughout his fayde Chace for all theire Cattle (except 
goates) and Comon for theire fwine in pawnage tyme, which before they enioyed 
not ; 3lln& as to goats, hee had a heard there of his owne, kept by his Ofiicer, called 
a Goatheard : vpon which grants for each Acre of his Chace thus affarted, hee 
referved xviijl rent or thereabouts : %nti for the better leavyinge of theis rents, 
which hee deemed foe profitably rayfed, referved power by his Deeds to diflrayne 
not onely vpon the fame land foe given in tayle, but in any other of the Donees 
lands or theire heires, which the Donee then had, or which hee or his heires fhould 
afterwards have in the hundred of Berkeley : %vSi foe much did this prudent lord 
affe6l this kind of hufbandry of grants in Tayle, That hee bought out for his money 
fol : [387] as many of his forefathers Feofifees, and Donees, (yea and many of thofe whome 
his owne firfl yeares had enfeoffed out of their freehold lands within his Manors) as 
any wayes he could ; which (out of like refemblance of State hufbandry) they had 
of old enfeoffed at the rent of one penny and of ij"! iiij'' and vj"* the Acre ; And after 
fuch his purchafes foe made, as fafl as hee could find Chapmen, hee agayne granted 

them 



1 32 1 Hifc of CfjoniOiBf tljc ^ccoiib 159 

them in tayle in manner aforefayd, refervinge the Uke rent of xviij'' the Acre or 
thereabouts, with hberty of digginge of Marie and taking of earth out of the wayes 
and greene wafts in fuch Manors, for amendm! of fuch theire lands ; Soe that the 
wayes for Carts or paffages were not vitiated thereby ; Refervinge power alfo to 
himfelfe and his heires, to diftrayne for that rent throughout the hundred of 
Berkeley in all the kinds of the fayd Donees or their heires, habita vel habenda, 
which they then had or after fhould have, as formerly is expreffed. | 

3Cniong$it other grants of this kind made by this Lord Thomas, one was (by igo 
deed without date, but about the thirtieth of Edward the firft) to Richard de ^'-^g" ■ chartul. 
Camera and the heires of his body, of a meffuage and divers lands in Nibley, jjerkelev. 
part whereof were then affarted out of Michaellwood, vnder the yearly rent' of 
xxvj? viij'!, beinge the true and vntmoft valewe at that tyme : which meffuage and 
lands, about fifty yeares then after, came into the family of the Baffetts of Vley, 
And by reafon of theire antient and long poffeffion, were and yet are called Baffets 
Court, And were in Anno quarto Jacobi, alyened by the laft Wittm Baffett to Wittm 
Gibbes and his heires nowe dweUinge vpon part of the fame : which meffuage and 
lands by reafon of my habitation in the fame Townefhipp I knowe to bee one 
hundred tymes at leaft better then the faid rent, ftill payd by him,; one part of Carta in Caftro 
which deed hee hath, and the other is in Berkeley Caftle : By which Orifice may ^ ^^' 

bee difcerned, the depth of the wound which this lord ftroke into the inheritance of 
his pofterity, the Cicatrice and Skarr whereof, by miftakeinge of a principle, will not 
in an other age bee rubbed out or clofed : Vl^ffO0C affeftion to this kind of hufbandry \ 

was foe great, That if in the three next generatios fave one, moft of theis lands had 
not bene repurchafed, three fourth parts of all the nowe lord George his Copy- 
holders, and termors by Indenture, had bene freeholds of inheritance at this day : 
Noe better then grofs foolifhnes, is often the refinedft prudence of the wifeft of this 
world : ^10 thirftines after which kind of certainty of rent, may alfo bee gathered, complurimae cart, 
by neere the number of fower hundred litle deeds yet remayninge in Berkeley 
Caftle, whereby this lord and his father purchafed fmall rents fervice, rents charge, 
and rents fecke of inheritance, of foe fmall valewes, as feldome above five fliillings 
per Ann ; And often of one penny and two pence, which they knewe could not 
leffen or decaye. 

CI)C maine fcope of this Lords A6lions in all his grants, was to hold vp his 
rent at that height it was then fcrued vnto, which hee thought after tymes would 
rather give way to diminifh then increafe : not duely confideringe (by a right levill) 

That 



in Caftro de Berk- 



i6o €l)c HtlJcjGf of t|)c 25crfedepiES 1281 

That as tyme and peace gave him the meanes to improve his forefathers rents, foe 
the fame might afterwards bringe meanes to his pofterity to improve thofe his im- 
191 provem'? | which fell out in the dayes of his wife grandchild, whofe wholl praftife 
was all his life, a filent complaint of this his grandfathers overfight, that had bereaft 
him of the meanes of trebling of his rents ; nor that an other lawe or pradlife might 
aft'wards alter or repeale that Statute of donis conditionalibus, whereupon hee layde 
his Corner ftone, which care long after received, though not a repeale, yet a defeat 
equivalent theirevnto, by the invention of Comon Recov''ies, as formerly is touched, 
ipOK that a longe fetled peace at home, plenty of coyne within the land, increafe of 
people, new inventions of Hufbandries, enhanfmge of monies, and the like, (all 
which are the children of tyme) would treble his rents, nay advance them to fifteene 
(yea fifty) tymes his values and more, as this prefent yeare wherein I write doth 
wittneffe : 2&Ut I will not foe farr digreffe, as to touch the Caflilian voyages, open- 
inge the new world, whereby fuch flouds of treafure have flowed into Europe by 
that Afhion, as that the cenfe or rates of Chriflendome, are rayfed neere twenty 
fold more then before |^citf)Ct doe I doubt to add, but if thofe bleffings continue 
with vs, our late plenty of money returne, and wee defifl from our endleffe going to 
lawe one with an other, and from our prefent riot and luxury in diet and apparell, 
but that an Acre of land nowe at twenty fhillings wilbe brought to thirty fhillings 
or more. 

3tnb furely this Lords deepe confideration of the tymes but newly elapfed, 
wherein hee had much, even in youth, obferved, wrought him into this course : 
5fOi: if the Sherifes of Countyes could fay, and that truly vpon their Exchequer 
Claus : 56 : H : 3. Accompts, That from Efler in the nyne and fortieth of this kinge, till the fix and 
^ ^ ■ fiftieth, fuch were the diforders and rebellious exceffes of the people, Cf)at the 
kinges dewes and farmes were not to bee leavyed, but lofl : howe much more had 
this lord caufe to feare the fall of his revennue, havinge noe fuch help as the kings 
prerogative, to leavy his Tenants decayes or arreares, if the like tymes fhould 
returne agayne, and even then but little amended. 

Cartas in Cafl.ro de %v3i other hufbandry alfo was labored by this prudent Lord, whereby hee 

er e ey. ^^^.^g much profitt to his Tenants, and increafe of rents and fines to himfelfe, which 

102 (as many title deeds extant in Berkeley | Caflle doe witneffe) was by makeing and 

procuringe to bee made exchanges of lands mutually one with an other, thereby 

cafling convenient parcells togeather, fitting it for an inclofure and converfion, And 

by freeinge fuch inclofures from all comonage of others : Some of which deeds 

prefent 



I 



Uifc of Cfjomas tl^c ifrfonb 



i6i 



prefent themfelves to theire reader, in an acre, half acre, a quarter of an acre, yea 
fome in twenty and fome but in the content of ten pearches ; By which induftry, as 
this lord rayfed an Acre of land from iiij'' and vj'J to xviij'' the Acre, (as hath bene 
faid : Soe this our age wherein I write, feeth the fame further improved to more 
then a tenfold further valewe then in thofe his tymes, 3£nD befides had not this lord 
ca.ii much of land into a mould of this fhape, this Barony of Berkeley had long fince 
wanted both timber for buildings, and fewell for chimneys, both which (out of the 
hedgeroes and quickfets of theis enclofures) have for divers yeares pafl, and ftill 
are at this daye more plentifully fupplyed, then in the reft of that Country, where 
the like hufbandry and providence hath not bene vfed. 3In foe much as from my 
houfe at Nibley, where I write, I doe behold them, as groves or thickets, through 
the neernes of the Hedges in thofe fmall inclofurcs : 31lnlJ my felfe havinge at the 
fellinge of fome of the fayreft Oakes in theife places, told theire ages (a thinge cer- 
tainely and eafily to bee done, by the graine (as we call it) made in a circle in 
every kind of tree, by the yearly affent and confolidation of the fapp,) I haue con- 
ftantly found theire ryfinges and plantings to anfwere theis very tymes. 



^mt0 of <Conic Citric ^ultrp &c. 

%l01i theis Accompts will truely informe this noble Family what were the 
vfuall prices of Catle, Corne, Pultry and other provifions expended in the houfe of 
this lord, and as the fame were vfually bought and fold in fayres and marketts 
duringe that twenty and feaven yeares of Edward the firft raigne, wherein this Lord 
lived a Baron, vij' 



Wheat the Quarter, at 


.. 2?4'i, 3?, 4?, and 5! 


Maflin, the Quarter, at 


. . 2% 2? 4"!, f. and 4^ 


Barly the Quarter at ... 


.. 20"!, 2? 8"!, 3^4'?, and 4! 


Beanes the Quarter at 


. . 2", 2^ 8% 3? 4'?, and 4.' 


Otes the Quarter at 


.. 20'!, 2=, 2^.4^. I 


Pillcorne, from the Mill, the Quarter at 


.. s% 3^8^ 


An Oxe at 


10? — 11! — 12? 


A Cowe and Calfe at 


.. 9' — 10? 


A bacon Hogg at ... 


.. 5^-5? 61 


A fat porket at 


.. 2? — 2? 2'! 


A fat sheep at 


.. i;'f_i8?— 20''— 2^ 


A Lamb at... 


.. 10^ — 12'! 


A Goofe at... 


•• 3' 


A Capon at... 


.. 2-! 



193 



A Hen 



1 62 Clje Hibr^ of tfjr S^n-ftricp^ 1281 

A Hen at i"^. oft. 

A Duck at I"! 

4 Pigeons ... ... ... ... ... i"! 

20 Eggs ... ... ... ... ... I*! 

5finll in the fifteenth yeare of Kinge Edward the fecond, when thys Lord dyed, 
the prices flood thus . viz' 

i©ljcat, the quarter 4? 

Maflin the quarter ... ... ... ... 3? 

Barly the quarter ... ... ... ... 3? 

Beanes the quarter ... ... ... 3? 

Otes the quarter ... ... ... ... 2? 

Fetches the quarter ... ... ... 20*! 

Malt of wheat the Quarter ... ... 6f 

Malt of Otes the Quarter 2! 2"^ 

Malt of Barly the Quarter 4? 

A Quarter of Apples lo"! 

A Sturgeon in the xix'^ of Edward the ) ^^ q^ 

fecond fold for . . . ... ... ... ) 

An oxe at ... ... ... ... ... 20? 

An Oxe hide 3? 6'! 

A Cowe and a Calfe, at ... ... ... 12? — 13! — 15? 

A Sheep, beetweene ... ... ... i7.'^and2' 

194 A Sheepfkyn, accordinge to the growth of 

the fell, at 4.% 5% 6'? fuch as were killed 

for provision of the houfe. 

A Lambe, at 12^ 

A goat Skin, at ... 4*^0^. 

A Goofe, at ... 3^ 

A Ducke, at I'^ffc 

The reft as before 

Threfhing a quarter of wheat ... ... 2*1 

Threafhing a quarter of beanes i^. oft. 

Threafhing a quarter of Oates i? 

Wages of a day laborer oft. %. 

A yeomans bord wages, per diem ... i*! ob. 

A groome or Pages boord wages p die ... i^- 

And 



I32I 



Hifc of ^tjonuijef rt)c ^cfoiib 



163 



And by a proclamation in tlie viij'^ of this kinge, none might fell wine in theire Claus: 8. E. 2. 
Tavernes, above iij''. the gallon. 

3In t!)C tyme of Kinge Edward the third, generally about theis rates as followe, 
but the further in his longe raigne of fiftye yeares, the dearer. As thus viz'. 

Wheat the quarter 5'4''. — f. — 10? 

Barly the quarter ... ... ... ... ±' — 5^4^ 

Beanes the quarter ... ... ... 4' 

Otes the quarter ... 2? 8*^ — 3! 4"! 

Bay fait the quarter i S*! 

An Oxe from 14^ to ... ... ... 24? 

A Sowe and fix pigs ... . . ... 5' 

A boare ... ... ... ... ... 4? 

A Calfe 2? 

A Store pigge, or fliote ... ... ...12"! 

Pigeons, the dozen ... ... ... 3I — 3'^ob — 4"? 

An Haggard Falcon ... ... ... 20! 

In the refidue little variation. I 



%x6x in the tyme of Kinge Richard the fecond, for the two' and twenty yeares 195 
of his raigne, the prizes of graine. Cattle and pultry, were rather cheaper then 
dearer, but the difterence in effect that was, was in the temperature and feafon of 
the yeare. 

A weight of wool (beinge . 2 1 pound) called pondus, ... ... 5! 

A facke of wool at 7'.' 65 8?— 8': 

Onions, a Bufliell 8? 

Eggs . 20 for a peny, which in 150 . yeares did never rife nor fall. 

Slltlb at this day wherein I write. Anno 1622, the Comon prizes of the like 
Comodities in the fame place, is generally thus, viz' 

Wheat the Quarter ... ... 36? 



Maflin the Quarter 
Barly the Quarter 
Barly malt the Quarter 
Beanes the Quarter 
A draught Oxe, about . 



265 8'! 
,. 20' 
.. 24' 
.. 20' 
•• 5' 



Y 1 



A Cowe 



1 64 



€|jc aitcisf of t|)c 25crhdcpjef 



A Cowe and a Calfe about 
A Sheepe about 
Eggs 5 for 



3'i lo? 



511nll theis prizes ftand in refemblance of the like corne and Cattle in my old 
former valuations ; which as well for the inftrucSlion of him that delights herein, As 
for avoydance of the like error this lord fell into, I have cluftered here togeather. 

%^ foe horfes in thofe a6live old ages of the three Edwards, and of kinge 
Richard the fecond, the lord Berkeleyes have payde for horfes of fervice in the 
warrs, and for the faddle, and draught, as deere as no we in our dayes; loo'i, loo 
markes, 50", 30'!, 2o'l, 10'! 20 nobles, 5'i, &c. 



Polichr : lib : 7. 

cap : 38. 



25ut of yeares of dearth and of extremities, when through fcarcity prizes were 
as deere as nowe, mentioned in divers Chronicles, I have not fpoken ; But defire to 
bee vnderflood of the comon and ufuall prizes in each ordinary and temperate yeare. 



compi predct. in 
Caflro deBerkeley. 



ig6 



Comp: 6. et 7. E: 
2.inCa(lrodeBerk: 



31lltlJ theis Accompts will further informe this noble family, That when this lord 
was free from forren imployments, hee went often in progrefs from one of his 
Manor and farme houfes to an other, fcarce two miles a funder, making his flay at 
each of them for one or twoe nights overfeeing and direftinge the forementioned 
hufbandries. And foe backe to | his ftandinge houfes where his wife and family 
remayned, which was very great, as after appeareth, fometymes at Berkeley Caftle, 
at Wotton, at Bradley, at Awre, at Portbury, And vfually in Lent, at Wike by 
Arlingham, for his better and neerer provifion of Fifli : where, for his famous 
weares of Rodly, Geron, and Put'houfe, hee had a fpetiall Officer called Pifcator de 
Berkeley, whofe annuall Accompts, comonly came vnto 30'!. per Anii; for fifh there 
taken : Some of which doe fpeake. That of antient cuftome, the Conflable of 
Berkeley Caftle was vpon the firft funday in Lent allowed a falmon for his dinner, 
which in this Seaventh of Edward the fecond, cofl — x'! ob. 



Rot: claus: 11. E: 

I. m: 9. in turre 

london : 



Cl)C xxviij'.*" of December in the Eleaventh of Edward the firft, this Lord 
obtayned the kings warrant. That without impeachm' either of Peter de la Mare 
Conflable of Briftoll Caftle or of any other his minifters, hee might in his owne land, 
feeke and digge for mynes of lead, foe that it were not within the bounds of the 
kinges Forreft : 3Bitl^ the frute of which worke aryfinge out of his Manor of 
Bedminfter, was part of Berkeley Caftle covered. 



I32I 



life of iTftomflitf ttjf ^ccoitb 



165 



Zt\C xxij'!" of Augufl in the Twentieth of Edward the firft, this Lord had a Rot : claus : 20: 
grant' from Robert Bifhop of Bath and Wells, of fower ftaggs in the Chace of lonciinens: 
Kingefwood vpon Mendip, Ami withall a warrant to Richard de Pleffitis keeper of 
the Biiliops Forreft of Mendip, That hee ihould not niolefl or impeach this lord, if 
in the Chace of thofe ftaggs, by followinge of his hounds hee came into the fayd 
Forreft; : for which pleafure, as it feemes by the dorfe of this record, hee gave the 
Bifliop a recognizance of twelve markes payable at a fliort day after : And if hee 
had not delighted eagerly in the fport, hee (doubtleffe) would not have bene at the 
charge of inrollinge the faid grant and warrant in the Chancery. 



in dorfo rol 
predidt : 



london 
19 : E : 



197 



j^i^ l^o^pitaUticiaf 

31 caw cad into this title to fpeake of the houflveepinge of this Lord and the Efcaet: inter prob: 
quality of his fervants, by a quaint record in the Tower, whereby Wittm de 
Kingefcote before hee could have livery of his Manor of Kingefcote out of the 
kings hands, fo'r which he had beene in ward to this lord, And after to the Lord 
Maurice his fonne and Executor, And after (through his rebellion) to King Edward 
the fecond | was to prove himfelfe to bee of full age, which by many witneffes, by 
many tokens and obfervations taken vpon his birth, hee did ; As that fuch a preifl 
then funge his firft maffe, and fuch a one then became a profeffed make, And fuch 
perfons, as S' Sinion Baffett, and the Abbot of Kingefwood, were at the feafl of his 
Mothers Churchinge, and many the like ; And amongft others, one depofeth that 
hee was borne in the xxxij'!" yeare of Kinge Edward the firft, at what tyme this lord 
kept open Chriftmas for all Comers at Berkeley Caftle : And that John of Mon- 
mouth then Bifliop of Landaph and many great guefts kept with this lord the 
Solemnity of that feaft. 



3CnD many Accompts of this Lords houfhold Officers and Reeves of his Manors, comp : diuers : 
doe tell his pofterity, That fuch yeares as England had him in that County of gt'. E: 2 in Caflro 
Glouc : being free from forren warres and imploym", his cuftome was each lent ^^ ^^^^ '■ 
feafon, or neer that tyme of the yeare, to feaft the Abbot and Covent of S' Peeters 
of Gloucefter at Gloucefter ; The Abbot and Covent of S' Auguftines by Briftoll at 
Bryftoll ; 311)0 Abbot and Covent of S' Mary of Kingefwood by Wotton, at Wotton 
or Berkeley : wherby they had this lords good cheare for theire bellies, And hee 
their prayers and recomendations to S' Peter, to S! Auguftine the Englifh Apoftle, 
and to the \'irgin Mary, (accordinge to the dedication of thofe feverall Monafteries) 
for the welfare and foules health of himfelfe, his wife, and children : 5l;nlJ how when 
any of theis Abbots and thofe other of Cirencefter, Lanthony, and Flaxley, And ihe 

Lords 



1 66 



€l)c Uibc^ of rt)c 23crhcIcpjEf 



1281 



Lords of Sudeley, and de Aubeny and others, travelled through this lords faid 
Manors, his forefaid Farme houfes were theire Innes, and his graynaries their 
hoftelries ; whereby is feene vpon the faid Reeves Accompts, what the portion was, 
which fuch feafts cofi:, and guefts fpent, in Capons, Piggs, geefe, Oates, and the like: 
511nlJ this entertainm' of ftrangers often happened both when this lord was out of the 
kingdome, and at home in his Country. 



conip: fenli et «J^^Jc houfhold and ftandinge domefticall family of this lord, lodged in houfe, 

^^'^ fn CnftroTk confifted of two hundred perfons and vpwards, ranked into theis degrees of fervants, 
Bo'kel: Milites, Armigeri, Valeti, garciones et pagetti, Knights, Efquires, yeomen, groomes, 
and pages, befides hufbandmen, hindes, and fuch other of lower condition. 



Efcaet. in Aice 
londini 17: E: 2. 

198 

diverli compi in 

Caflro de Berkeley 

Inter efchaet in 

arce londin : 17. 

E: 2. 



diverfe cartae in 
Caflro deBerkeley. 



CI)C wages of one of his Efquires was iij'i ob : a day, and a horfe in his ftable | 
or paftures, or ij'^ ob. a day for him, and two futes by the yeare furred (duas robas 
cum furruris) or xxxiij? iiij'', And for a gartion or boy to attend him . j? ob : the day, 
which (befides dyet in his houfe) came vnto — xiij'l iiij? j'! ob. by the yeare, '^0 
(befides the houfhold Accompts) is mofl perfpicuoufly found by an Inquificon at 
Brifloll in the xvijt of King Edward the fecond in the behalfe of Hugh Bifley vpon 
a grant made to him by this lords fonne the firft of Octob' in the fifteenth of this 
kinge, And by the grants made by his Father and himfelfe to Adam Tilly and 
divers others. ^Tl^c wages of a knight, more : The wages of an inferior attendant', 
leffe, as the fayd Accompts doe fhewe. 



com: hofpitij in. 

I- 16. 27. et: 30: 

E: I. in Caflro 

de Berkley : 



CIjC Acates and provifions for maintenance of this lords flandinge family, were 
brought in weekely, Monthly or quarterly, as they were appoynted from the 
Steward of houfhold, from the Reeves and baylies of his faid farme houfes of each 
of his particular Manors neere thofe places where his dwellinge or abidinge houfes 
were : '0,11 foe much as vpon the yearly Accompts of fuch Reeves taken before the 
Auditor, are found provifions of theis kinds, and of theis proportions vsually each 
yeare sent to the Steward and Clarke of the kitchen ; %0 from the Manor or farme 
houfes of Came and Cowley (whofe Accompts went togeather vnder one Reeve,) 
8000 and 9000. eggs : 442 and 566 pigeons . 44 and 47 capons . 192 Hens . 288 
ducks . 388 chickens . 80 hoggs, no porketts and 84 piggs . 274 . of thofe forts 
45 Calves : 315 quarters of wheat, 304 . quarters of Oates. And from the feverall 
Reeves of the Manor & Farme houfes of Hame, Alkington, Slimbridge, Hurft, 
Hinton, Wotton, Simondfhall, Portbury, and divers others the like and greater 
provifions, both in thofe & other kinds, as goates, kids, Hieep, lambes, oxen, 
bullocks, and heifors, butter, cheefe. Nuts, and Hony. SUnlJ 



Hifc of iCI)onin.fit tfjc ^cfonb 



.67 



51!nb what was to fpare (as each yeare much provifion was of all kinds both at 
the farme houfes with the Reeves, and in the flandingc houfes with the Steward, 
Clarke of the Kitchen, the yeomen of y= ftore, and other houfliold Officers) was 
yearly fold and Converted into money at the prifes formerly mentioned. 

51!nd as the bounty and expence of this lord was great, foe it feemed his 

frugality goverm', and order, eflablifhed over the affaires of his houfe | and igg 

hufbandry, was as great ; In foe much as every dayes and everye meales milke of comp. hofpitij 

every cowe was rate'd and proportioned to the inferior fervant, as what quantity of sTmond'fall et al: 

butter and cheefe might bee raifed there from, accordinge to the divers Seafons of in CaRro de 

Berkeley, 
fumer and winter, the pafture where they fed and the like. 



%nti for further teftimonies of the frugality of this wife lord, for the eafier 
clothinge of himfelfe, his wife, children, knights, Efquiers, and other of their family, 
much of this lords wooll was yearely put out to fpinninge, for makingc of Cloth, (as 
alfo for the clothinge of the poore ; ) The Accompts whereof declare the charges in 
the wholl manufactory foe particularly, in fortinge, pickinge, beating, oyling, pullinge, 
cardinge, fpinninge, fpoolinge, warpinge, quillinge, weavinge, Tuckinge, fliearinge, 
dyinge, dreffmge and the like (wherein the Auditor declares himfelfe a M after 
Clothier.), That theis our dayes add noethinge to that antient examines, 'i^'n which 
art of Drapery are latin wordes of fuch aptnes and rarity, as would adorne a new 
impreffion of Rider, Thomafms, Mynfhaw, HolHock and Grayes di(5;lionaries ; fewe 
or none of which latin or Englifh wordes are found in any of them though all of the 
laft and beft editions, nor yet in the gloffary of S' Henry Spilman. 



comp. de >votton 
temp : E : I. at 
divers al : in 
CaflrodeI5erkeley: 



Stub further at fuch tymes, as either vpon attendance at parliam", or other this comp: 7: E: 2. de 

lords owne, or princes affaires, hee abode with a g-reat branch of his family at ^^I'^"''^" ^ , '," 

. , ^ Cafl.ro deBerkeley. 

London, hee kept two of his fervants, who with the fower horfes were onely 

imployed in fetchinge of bread from wenden in Effex (where he bred much corne) 

rather then hee would to the market, or baker to buy for money. 



3Iln& vpon his Journey from Berkeley towards the feidge of Barwike and Comp : Maner : de 



warrs with Scotland in the five and twentieth yeare of Kinge Edward the firft, 
lodginge the firft night at his Manor houfe of Slimbridge (five miles vpon his way,) 
hee tooke on the Morrowe along from thence with him, one and forty bufliells of 
Oates for his horfes provender, to fave the expenfes of his purfe in his next nights 
lodging at worcefter. 

StntJ 



Slimbridge 25: E : 
I in Caflro de 
Berkeley. 



1 68 



€t)c %iMe^ of tl[)c 2Bcrhdcp^ 



1281 



Comp : maner. de ^dn^j to regulate all his out-goes, And to tye even his owne fonnes (nowe 

wotton. 20: ^'.:j. j^r^j^_g^Q^rie) to order and frugality: His Auditors (who were the Pryor of Stanley, 

Elias of Combe, and Bartholomewe of Owlpen) gave in charge vpon the Rolls 

200 ftriftly to the Reeves of each feverall Manor, Quod | de cetero nullos fupervenientes 

comp : manerij de recipiant, nec aliquos fumptus eis inveniant vllo modo, nifi per literas dni fibi fuerit 

iti Cah.ro de mandatu, et fi fecerint, non fibi allocabitur, nifi tantum fsenum, foragium, et focal ia : 

Berkeley, et at : ^jj.^j. f^g^ henceforth they fhould receive noe guefts, nor be at' any other charge in 

their entertainments, without the lords expreffe letters, but onely, for Hay, flravve, 

and fire, which if hereaft"^ they tranfgreffed, it fhould not bee allowed vnto them. 

Comp; Burgi de ^(u the xviij'^ yeare of King Edward the firft, two and thirty yeares before his 

Berkeley^i^S^^E:^!^ cleath, this lord then aged 44 yeares, lay ficke at his Caftle of Berkeley, And for his 
Berkeley, better recouery, as was conceived, removed from his Caflle, to a grange houfe of 
the Abbots of S- Aguftines on the North fide of Berkeley called Canonbury, where 
hee recovered; whofe charges (whereunio the Abbot was put) was payd by John 
Sewaker Reeve of the Burrowe of Berkeley, which came to ij**, which the Abbot 
received : fuch was the thrift and Juftice in thofe dayes ; whereof agayne the faid 
Reeve had allowance vpon his Accompt in the end of that yeare before the fayd 
Lords Auditors. 



Comp : Manerij : 
deHinton: 6:E: 2. 
in Caftro de Berk: 



|5otoC if this lords pofterity, in excufe of theire exceffes, fiiall footh themfelves 
with the Romaine Cardinalls verfe, nunc aliud tempus, alij pro tempore mores. The 
reply may bee. The tyme flands vnchanged, but our prefent manners are adulter- 
ated, from the legitimate dayes of our forefathers. 

^0 conclude this title. In the fixth yeare of King Edward the fecond, this lord 
built of newe, one of the gate howfes of the Caftell of Berkeley, during which tyme, 
which lafled all the winter and fpringe followinge, hee withdrew himfelfe to the 
Caftle of Gloucefter, whereof hee had the keepinge. And there with his provifions 
fro Berkeley kept houfe, faving thereby as much as the buildinge came vnto. As by 
comparing togeather the houfliold accompts appears. 

comp. in Caftro 3llnb in the fame yeare, hee had %pb from his freeholders for the makinge of 

de Berkeley^eod: ^j^ ^jj^^ ^^^^^ knight : An honorable legall helpe to bringe in money. | 

201 f$i^ forraiffiic implopnicatitf in toarr^tf and *£niljn^.6C)Sf 

C()OngI) I might truly affirme. That fewe (if any) yeares efcaped this able and 
a6live lord in the laft fifty of his life, wherein hee was not imployed either againfl 

the 



I32I 



Hifc of €l)omaiBf tljc ^fecfonb 



169 



the Wellh, the Scots, or the- I'rciich, yet here onely I will mention fiich his expedi- 
tions of record, wherin I find his perfon particularly named and imployed, omittinge 
him the reft. 

Cl)C firft tyme that I finde him in Armes, was at the battle of Eveftiam in the Math : Paris 
nyne and fortieth of Henry the third where by the leading of prince Edward, the 
kinge his father was refcuffed from Simon de Mounford Earle of Leicefter ; And 
that Earle, and allmoft all the Barons with him there llayne in a bloudy battle. 

CIjC next was with the kinge in the one and fiftieth of his raigne at the feidge I-iber : 51. II : 3 
of Kenellworth, from whence the kinge the third of November, writes to the " ^ ""^' 
Shereife of Somerfetfliire, where in the life of his Father this Lord liveth, as hath 
bene faid, That out of the profitts of his office hee fliould deliver vnto him thirty 
markes in recompenfiition of his horfe, which hee lofl in that fervice. 

CljC third arofe vpon the ever working paffion of defire of liberty in the welfh Daniel: fo: 158 
in the fifth and fixth yeares of King Edward the firft, w''.'' threwe open agayne the ^^ '^^""^-^'J- 
ill fenced inclofure of peace, which (not without drawing of blood) three yeares 
before had bene made betwene the faid kinge and Leolyne prince of wales, who 
agayne takes Armes, furprifes the Caftles of Flint and Ruthland, with the perfon of 
the Lord Roger Clifford fent the kings Jufticiar into thofe parts, And omits noe 
blouddy A61 of hoftility : Againft whome the kinge foe ftrongly prepares, That the 
xij'!" of December hee fomons by fpetiall writts all his Lords and others that held of 
him by knight fervice to meet at Worcefter on Midfomer daye in the fifth of his 
raigne, Armed (cum equis coopertis) to goe againft lluellin prince of Wales the Efcuage roll in 
Rebell fonne of Griffin : 511niongC3t others, Maurice then Lord Berkeley this e : i. 
Thomas his fonne, and W"' Maunfell | one of theire domefticke knights, offer them- 202 
felves for forty dayes fervice accordinge to the tenure of this Barony of Berkeley, Baronia 
holden by three knights ffees: whofe fervices, faith the Record, the Kinge Atturned Stowechron:et:at: 
over to Edmond his brother : Peace agayne is made. The kinge returnes (havyng 
taken Anglyfey) And with him the fayde Leollen, who after hee had kept his 
Chriftmas at weftm' with the kinge, returned for wales. 



CfjC welfli agayne revolt, and attempt theire liberty out of the power of kinge Daniell. Stow 

Edward, And in the Tenth of his raigne, maffacre the faid Roger Lord Clifford fohzoi. 

th'elder, a noble knight, and the kings Juftitiar in thofe partes of wales : CfjC kinge En.inarcelondini 

by his writt the xxiiij"''of May the fayd yeare, fends to this lord Thomas to prepare 5°'- ^^^^^''f 



himfelfe 



E : I. arce lend : 



I70 



€I)c Hitc^ of rt)c 2Dcrftdcp3tf 



1281 



Comp : garder : 

in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Stat : de Ruth- 
land. 12. E : I. 



Rot : Scutag : i o. 
E: I. 



himfelfe for that warre, Hee with his retinue attendeth : That and the next yeare foe 
entirely ended that warr, with the death of the Prince lluelHn, and of David his 
brother lord of Denbigh, That the whole principallity was vnited to the Crowne of 
England, And the goverm' thereof eflabliflied accordinge to the lawes of England, 
As witneffe the Statutes of Ruthland made in the Twelth of the faid kinge. 

5rt01H this Journey this Lord drew profit, and added fome honor to his inherit- 
ance ; for the king havinge vpon his voyage into wales leavyed efcuage of forty 
Ihillings for each knights ffee holden of himfelfe. And this Lord havinge bene with 
him in thofe warrs accordinge to the tenure of his Barony of Berkeley, had alfo the 
kings writs to leavy efcuage vpon all thofe that held of him by knight fervice or in 
focage in the Countyes of Leicefter, Gloucefler, Effex, Somerfett, and Huntington, 
at fforty fhillings de fcuto, for each knights ffee. 311nD greeved I am for the not 
knoweing what he leavyed, and of whom, for the booke of tenures fake, which I 
have made of all the now lord Georges Tenures, afwell by knights fervice, as in 
focage, the labor of fome yeares. 

Rot: walhifi 11 ; ,^|.^ j^jth ^f March in the xi'^ of King Edward the firft, the kinge writes to this 

E: I. in dorfo. , . . . 

203 lord, affeftuofe rogans in fide qua fibi tenetur, quatenus ] cum equis et armis et 

decenti apparatu ad fe veniat &c. moft affeftionately defireing him in that fayth 

which hee owes vnto him. That with horfes and Armes and decent furniture, hee 

would come to him to Mont Gomery within fifteene dayes after Eafler next, to goe 

againft the welfhmen, And this to doe as hee loved his honor and kingdome. 



Rot:eodem: %nti the xxviij* of June followinge writeth thus agayne to this Lord, Quot 

fraudum et machinationum generibus lingua wallenfiu &c. By howe many deceipts 
and machinations the tongue of the welfhmen after the fafhion of Foxes, have 
invaded our progenitors and our kingdomes, and what flaughter they have made of 
our Peers and noblemen &c. what Caflles they have burned, howe often they have 
difturbed the kingdome fearing neither god nor man, the tongue of man cannot 
exprefs : And therefore defires this Lord to bee with him at' Shroefbury at 
Michaelmas next to advife and confult what is to be done with them, and efpetially 
w'.'' David brother of lluellin late Prince of Wales : %nti herein alfoe recites with 
much comendacon the former labor, paynes and charge which this Lord had 
formerly taken and bene at with him in his form"' welfli warrs. 

Pat: II. E: i. 311nl) here (though vnder an improper title) I may not omit the two rewards 

"* ■ ^^' which for his fervice in the warre, all the winter followinge, this Lord vpon his 

fuite, 



13-1 jCiff of Cljomajaf t!)c .jfectonb 

fuite, received vpon the fixth of February after from the kinge at Rutland, The 
one being a grant vnder the great feale, That at all tymes duringe his life (vnlefs 
in menfe vetito in fence tyme in the forbitklen Month') hee fhould have liberty with 
his owne doggs, to Hunt the fox, hare, badger, and wilde Cat, in the kings Forreft 
of Mendip. and in his Chace of Kingefwood on both fides of the water of Avon, 
neere Briftoll, And the fame to take and carry awaye. 



171 



3Clll!l the other was the kings remittinge to this Lord, one hundred marks which Claus : 12. E: 
hee owed him for a releefe for his Barony of Berkeley after his fathers death, ^ ' '°; 
wherein is given a teflimony of his good fervice. The words are theis, Quod rex 
pro bono fervicio quod Thomas de Berkeley regi impendit in vltima expeditione 
regis walliae, pardonavit ei centum marcas in quibus regi tenetur ad fcaccarium 
regis pro retio fuo, et mandatum eft Thefaurario et baronibus de fccio quod 
eundem Thomam de predi6lis centum marcis quietum effe faciant . Tefte apud 
Hereford, fecundo Decembris %X[. which Roll I could not obferve any other to bee 
foe well rewarded for theire fervice in that journey : 3(lub this alfo was the firft 
frute of Magna ( charta, to this family in any releefe for theire Barony, made 204 
certayne therby at one hundred markes pet as though this was forgott by this Claus. 19 : E: 1. 
Lord, hee had a fecond pardon for halfe this releefe in the xix'!' of that kinge. 



m:5. 

See fol : 205. 



CJjC thirtieth of December in the xiij'!' yeare of his raigne, this Lord found this Fin : 13. E : 
further favor from the kinge then at Briftoll, That whereas he flood fuerty for ™ • ^^" 
Thomas fit3 Maurice of Ireland to pay the king feaven hundred markes for the 
value of his mariage, And whereas the kinge had affigned over that mony to the 
Marchants of Luk, for which this Lord was become bound by his recognizance in 
Chancery, That nowe the kinge willinge to requite his laudable fervice to him 
freely done, doth pardon him twoe hundred markes thereof, And for payem' of the 
other five hundred fhall have each Michaelmas and Eafter by one hundred markes 
a daye. And accordingly directs his privy Seale to the Barons of his Exchequer. 

€t)e 

1 The Fence Month, called Menfis Prohitibionis and Men/is Vetitus, is the 30 days extending from 
15 days before Mid-fummer day to 15 days after, which is the fawning time for deer, during which all 
hunting or wandering in the Forefls are prohibited by Statute. Some ancient Foreflers called this month 
the Defence Month, becaufe the deer are to be defended from all diflurbance or apprehenfion of danger. 
The/ence time is now very familiar to us as regards falmon and fome other fifh, and lately, under the Wild 
Birds Protedtion Act, as refpedls mofl birds. Sergeant Fleetwood fays, as regards deer, that the Fence 
Month has always been kept with Watch and Ward (or guard by night and day) through the whole Foreft. 
fince the time of Canutus. — " Fleetwood's Forefl Laws," p. 5. See alfo " Nilfon's Laws of England," 
concerning Game, 3rd Ed., 1736. [Ed.] 
Z 2 



172 



C^c Hitic^ of tl)c 2Bcrhclcp^ 



1281 



Rot : walliffi. 14. 
E : I. in dorfo. 



CJ)C xiij'^ of June in the xIij'^ of his raigne, the kinge fends to this Lord to 
meet Edmond Earle of Cornwall his vncle at GJoucefter on Midfomer day with his 
hors and men, decently arrayed for the warrs, to advife with him, and doe as hee 
fhall require. 311nD this was a Journey into wales againfl; Refus fonne of Mereduck. 



Pat: 17. E: I. m: 7. ^[n 06lober in the xvij'^ of his raigne, this Lord went beyond feas to the 

Amo parrfm"? ^^^^^ i" France in the retinue of Roger Bigod Earle of Norfolke and Marfhall of 

comp:recept: 18. England, not forgettinge before his departure his protection for freedome from 

Berkeley, fuites of lawe, from the xij* of that Month till Eafter following. 

Claus: 19. E: i. SCltJj fhortely after his returne (an other reward of more then a yeares fervace) 

'"'^' the kinge, the feaventh of June, pardoned to him fifty markes, the halfe of his 

fol. 204 : Vt fupra. ri-r-l r ^ ■ r, • -i r 

fathers releefe, which by proces out of the Excheq^ were for his Barony required of 
him ; whereof I have given a touch before. 

Chron : monad : ^[j^ the xxiij'^ of his raigne, Anno. 1 295 . was this Lord Thomas fent Embaffador 

cu RoBto' Cotton to the kinge of France, then holdinge his parliament with the three eflates of his 

baronetto. Realme, cum alijs viris prudentibus de pace traftaturis, with other wife men to treat 

of peace, with that kinge and State, whoe returned without effecting theire defires 

in March followinge. And about the fame year was made of the Kinge's Privy 

Counfell. 

205 31'^ the latter end of Somer in the faid xxiij'.'' of the king, was a great | Journey 

Rot : walliae : 23. into Wales for the extirpinge of that nation, had it bene poffible. The generalls 

' receof ■ over which Army feem to bee Roger Bigod Earle of Norffolke and Marfhall of 

eod Anno in Caft England (a great familiar freind of this lords) and William de Valence Earle of 

Penbrooke the kings vncle : vnder which Earle Marfhalls regiment was this lord 

Thomas, (with a great troup of his owne,) Maurice his eldefl fonne, Thomas de 

Berkeley his fecond fonne, Rotit de Berkeley this Lords vnckle and others of the 

familey of Berkeley : none of whome omitted theire writs of prote6lion to preferve 

them from futes till Eafter following. 



comp. de 

Slirabridge. 25. E: 

I. in Caflro de 

Berkeley, 
pat : 24. E : I. m : 
19. bis in eod rot 



3ln the xxiiij* of King Edward the firft and in the begining of his xxv'!' yeare, 
This Lord was at the warrs in Scotland and feidge of Berwicke with both his 
fonnes Maurice and Thomas, and Thomas fonne of Thomas de Berkeley fenior : 
from whence the kinge calleth this Lord by a gracious intreaty the fifteenth of May 
in the five and twentieth of his raigne to accompany him into France ; whither hee 

paffed 



I 32 I 



Hifc of ^fiomajET tf)c .^cconD 



173 



paffcd in perfon the xxij'!" of Augufl. following with a puiflant Army, over which Rot. protecf-on 

hee made this Lord Conftable, which honor and place alone, given him by foe able m : 3. 5. 

and a(flive a kinge (whoe as S' W"' Herie cheife Jiiflice of the Court of Comon Holling. fol : 304. 

Pleas in the tyme of King Edward the third, faid was the wifefl; kinge that ever claus : 25. E: i. 

England had) then in perfon proclaymeth the worth of this Lord, who thereby was p 

made fuperior in trufl and authority to many princes of the bloud, and great peers 

then in the Kings Army. 

Chttt Somer beinge fpent in warre, the kinge and his Army winter in Flanders comp. de wotton 
. . „ . . . . 26: E: I. incaftrc 

and returned for England in the fpringe followinge with this Lord his Conftable, de Berkeley. 

whofe laft baytt was at Symondfall where hee refted w'.*" all his Carriages the night Rot : proteci;on 

before hee came to Berkeley Caftle. 3llntl in the retinue of this Lord went Maurice 

his eldeft fonne, Thomas fonne of Thomas de Berkeley which was his fecond fonne, 

and many other gentleme his neighbors here named in this record : 31111 which had 

theire writs of protection for a yeare dated in July and Auguft to bee free from 

fuites or moleftations in theire eftates duringe theire fervices in theis warres. 



25. E : I. pars 
m : 3. et : 5. 



3llnb vpon the kings departure (the xxij'^ of Auguft) this lord reconciled twelve fi°= ^5- E: i. in.6. 

pat : 25. 
in dorfo 



Reftors and Vicars of Churches to the kings favor, which they and others had loft ^^^ ' ^^' 



in refiftinge his defires in money Matters, whereof the Vicar of Berkeley was one. 
And this reconcilement (fayth the record) was at the requeft of this lord Thomas. | 

3i'n June in the xxvj'^ yeare of this raigne was an other greate voyage into 
Scotland, In which Army vpon the kings like requeft went this Lord and the fayd 
Maurice and Thomas his fonnes, (who with the kinge returned out of France but 
in March before,) And alfo Robert de Berkeley of Arlingham who went fomewhat 
before with . 2000 . men out of Gloucefterfliire which hee by Comiffion had there 
leavied to refift the Scots till the kings returne and cominge thither, 'Sinil three 
other Berkeleys of this family nowe went alfo, who had all theire feveraU pro- 
tections from futes for dets, moleftations in theire eftates, or otherwife, whileft they 
fhould bee abfent in the kings fervice ; 3llt this tyme it was, that the kinge vpon 
Mary Magdalens day wan the great batt'le of Faulkirke, where more then 20000 
Scots were flayne. And a very fmall tyme before was this Lord Thomas at the 
expugnation of Goodricke Caftle there, from whence as I conceive, hee was hither 
called. 



206 

Rot : Scotia;. 26. 
27. E : I. m : 7. 
claus. 26. E : i. 
dorfo comp. de 
Slimbridg. 25. 
26. et 27. E : 1. 
in Caftro de 
Berkeley. 
Rot : protedt : 26. 
E. I. in dorfo. 
Comp. de Hame. 
26. E: I. 
Polich : lib : 7. 
cap. 40. 

Stow chron : cum 
How et divers : at: 



311nl> the xxij'!" of November in this xxvj* of his raigne, the kinge by his privy Pat. 26 E. i. 
Scale, (whereto the Prince his fonne was witnes,) in recompence of the good Service '° "l'»™a. 

which 



174 



€J)e HitJCiS of tJ)c ^ethtkp0 



1281 



which this Lord Thomas did vnto the kinge whilefl hee was with him in Flanders, 
pardoned him fifty markes whereat hee was amerced before Walter de Belle campo 
and others, Comlffioners for trefpaffes by him comitted in the kinges chace neer 
Briftoll, for paym' whereof hee had put in five fuerties (here mentioned) who are 
alfo pardoned ; And a writ is direfted to the Barons of the Exchequer to Acquite 
this Lord and them from the faid dett : 



claus:26:E: i. ^OlllC fuch huntinge offence, I fuppofe, it was, that drewe this Lord to bee 

fuerty for the fonne and heire of Thomas the fonne of Maurice Berkeley to have 
him forth Cominge what tyme the kinge would, whom hee the nynth of July 
appoints to bee delivered to Margarett wife of the fayde Thomas, fonne of Maurice 
Berkeley : jpoc certainly never were more flirringe youthfull Spirits at one tyme 
togeather of this familye of Berkeley, then nowe. And each one of them martially 
inclyned. 

Pat : 28. E : i. 3Cllll in theis tymes an amerciament for huntinge or killinge a Deere in any of 

m feperal. membr. ^^le kings Forrefls or chaces was vfually an hundred pounds vpon an offender, 
though hee were but of reafonable condition. 



Claus 



207 

27. E: I. 
in dorfo. 



CljC feaventh of May in the xxvij"" of his raigne the kinge writes to | this lord 
to meet him at Carleill at whitfon tide after, fufficiently armed and arrayed for the 
warrs againft the Scots : 51lnll after by his writt the xvj'^ of July prorogued his 
cominge till the fecond of Augufl ; And by a third, forbids his cominge till forty 
dayes after a newe Somons. 



3llnll laftly the xvj'^ of September enioynes him to bee at Yorke the morrowe 
et at : 25. E : i. g^f^gj. Martlemas day being the xij'!' of November whither went alfo with him his 
forefayd two fonnes, Maurice and Thomas, and all the other of that firname, as in 
the former yeare. 



Scotiee de proteft. 

) : I. 
bis, 



Pat : 27. E ; 
m : 3. et 



3Ilnll pro fideli fervicio quod dileftus et fidelis nofter Thomas de Berkeley 
nobis impendit, for the faythfull feruice which our beloued and faythfull Thomas de 
Berkeley hath done vnto us, wee doe (25. Marcij) pardon him threefcore and five 
pound which hee owed us, And for leavyinge whereof proces out of our Exchequer 
was againft him, faith this record. 

CIjC thirtieth of December in the xxviij'I" of his raigne, the kinge from Ber- 
in dorfo. wick fends to this Lord to bee with him at Carleill at Midfomer after to goe againft 

the 



I32I 



Hifc of €t)oniti^ ti)c ^rconb 



175 



the Scotts his enemies and Rebells : And dire(5ls other writts to the Sherife of 

Gloucefter, That every man that can difpend forty pound land, fhould at the fame 

tyme come with this Lord and John Ap-Adam Lord of Beverfton, for that (faith Rot : claus. p'did : 

the writ) hee was not able lunger to forbeare the malice, iniuryes, and rebellions of 

the Scots : Co which effedl the kinge the fecond tyme writes a few weekes after. 



3!n this x.\viij'^ yeare of the kings raigne was the famous feidge and expug- 
nation of the Caftle of Carelaveroke held inexpugnable, whereat were the kinge 
with the prince his eldefl: fonne, And this Lord Thomas with his eldefl fonne 
Maurice, and Thomas and John his fecond and third fonnes : And here were alfo 
Robert de Berkeley, Thomas fonne of Thomas de Berkeley and others of theire 
name and alliance : Each of whom had theire feverall writts of protec^iion and 
defence, for all theire lands, goods, chatties, and of freedome from fuites, and 
iniuries at home, whileft they fhould bee with the kinge in his warrs abrode. 



Orig : manufcr : 
cum witto Neve 
de Aflaflon in 
CO. NorfT : 
prote6lion. et 
attorn. Scot. 28. 
E: I. 

comp : recept. 28. 
E : I. in Caflro de 
Berkeley. 



3[n the xxix'.'' of his raigne from the Parliament at Lincolne the xiiij'^ of 
February, the kinge fends to this Lord to provide againft Midfomer followinge to 
goe with him againfl the Scots ad reprimendam rebellionem et proterviam Scotor, 
intendens finalit^r procedere, to repreffe the rebellion and infolency of the Scots, 
purpofmg finally to ] deftroy them, 3tni> the xij'!" of the next Month fends to this 
Lord agayne to meet him at Berwicke at Midfomer after withall his power. And for 
ought I have obferved to the contrary this was as great and generall Sommons into 
all Sheires of this kingdome as remayneth of recorde. 51In& accordingly this lord 
maketh greater preparation then in any former expedition of his life ; 3llnD confcious 
of the kings intent, in fteed of a will, by his deed dated the firft of Auguft in this 
xxix'!* yeare, difpofed of his worldly affaires ; in this fort fetlinge his eftate. To 
Maurice his eldefl; fonne hee giveth for his life his Manners of Wotton, and Wotton 
Burrowe, with the'faire and Marketts thereof, Simondfall, and Hinton, and the 
profitts of all his lands in Came, Cowley and Slimbridge, with his woods of Came 
and Cowley, his Manor of Portbury and all his fifhings in Erlingham, lately pur- 
chafed of his brother Robert, payeinge to himfelfe one hundred and twenty pownds 
by the yeare : SCntl to his fonne James thirty pound by the yeare vntill hee were 
promoted to an ecclefiafticall lyvinge of forty pownds per Annu : 3lln& to his other 
fonne John twenty pounds per Ann : (who this voyage attended his Father). 311n& 
to his daughter Ifabell fower pounds per Ann : 3llnb to five of his fervants (particu- 
larly named) five markes the peece : And to five poore Schollers the like : 3CnD foe 
likewife to the fr)'ars minors, and fryars preachers at Gloucefter, As by the deed, 

ftoared 



claus : 29 : E: I 
in dorfo. 



208 

How : fol : 208. 
Hollings : fo : 309 
et at : 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



Anno 29. 



HoUing. 311. 



176 



€f)c %i\ic0 of tljc -25crftdcp]tf 



1281 



ftoared with other Hke Hberalities, appeareth. Ci)C warr contynueth all the Somer 
of that xxix''' yeare : The kinge with his Army wintred in Scotland, where hee 
found fuch want of forrage, as many of the great horfes of his Army perifhed in 
that needy and colde Clymate. 

Hollinfli: 311: ^jjj. fpringe approachinge, the king, having fuffered many winterly difcomo- 

dityes, harkened to the motion and fute of his brother in lawe the French kinge, 
(whofe fifter Margarett hee had marryed two yeares before) made in the behalfe of 
the diflreffed Scotts, And foe with a truce till All Saints followinge, that warr 
ceafed, And this Lord, w"" his fonne John returned for Berkeley. 



Hollingfh:fo:3o9. 

3IO- 
Orig. in Socio. 

209 

The lo : Berkley 

is the sy'.'' and 

Roger de la Ware 

the Ji'.*" in theire 

ranck, now crept 

before him in 

precedency. 



Dan : 168. 



3fn this xxix"^ yeare of this Kings ralgne, Anno. 1300. was holden A Parlia- 
ment at Lincolne from whence proceeded that remarkeable letter, dated the xij'^ of 
February, written from one hundred and fower|of the Englifli temporall nobility 
thereat affembled, to pope Boniface, in anfwere of his to the kinge, touchinge the 
kings iurifdiftion and Soveraignty over Scotland : The pope required the kinge not 
onely to releafe fuch Scottifh prifoners as hee had taken, but to give over thofe 
warrs which hee made againfl the Realme of Scotland, And to followe his clayme 
theirto, if hee had any, in the Court of Rome, the proper place for decidinge fuch 
controverfies ; The rather alfo for that the Realme of Scotland was furrendred into 
his hands by the generall confent of the Scots, And that therefore it was in the 
power of his holines to beftowe and take awaye the fame to whom or from whom- 
foever it fhould pleafe him : C|)C originall duplicat of this letter remayneth vnder 
the proper Seales. of the fayd Earles and Barons in the Abbathy of Weftminfler 
amongft the records there kept, which befides the number of the Nobility, theire 
names, additions of places, and honor, Seales, and precedency, of the Englifh 
nobility, which it excellentlye fetteth out, flieweth alfo the noble magnanimity and 
largenes of courage that then lived in the brefts of thofe Nobles, And the fmall 
regarde, even in thofe tymes of darkeft devotion, they had of the popes comands 
or thunder of excomunication in temporall caufes ; wherein, in the behalfe of them- 
felves, and of the wholl Cominalty of England, they avowe theire kings right to 
the Soveraignty of that kingdome : 3lntl abfolutely conclude, That the kinge their 
Lord fhould in noe fort vndergoe his holines Judgment therein, neyther fliould fend 
his procurators about that bufmes, neither would they permit any fuch proceedinge 
which might bee preiudiciall to the Crowne or royall dignitye, or to the Cuftomes 
or lawes of England : Neither would they fuffer their kinge, if hee would, to doe 
or in any way to attempt the fame, 5lnb therefore prayed his holynes to meddle noe 

more 



Hifc of <rf)onMa" tl)c ^ccoitO 



•77 



more in that matter which appcrtayncd not vnto him : IDfjicf) indeed, hee did not, 
nor would further provoke fuch heroicke fplrits, And what after fucceeded, followeth 
in the lamentable ftory of that nation, and in the next imployments of this Lord. 



^fje truce with the Scots is expired, the Somer approacheth. The kinge fends 
the Lord John Segrave, with whom goes this Lord Thomas, Maurice and John his 
fonnes, with a greate Army | into Scotland, as warden thereof, who, (though a right 
valiant Leader) by the incircumfpe<fl dividinge of his Army into three parts (foe 
farr removed as none could helpe the other) is defeated in battaile, and taken 
prifoner, yet fore wounded was refcued by chance : The Kinge of England is 
inraged And the next fomer (which was in the xxxi'^ of his raigne) invadeth Scot- 
land in perfon with a powerfull Army, And in revenge of the death of his men, and 
the defeat of the Lord Segrave, pearceth through the wholl kingdome of Scotland, 
as farr as Cathnes in the farthefl parts thereof : wintereth in Scotland ; befeidgeth 
and taketh the Caftle of Stryvelyne ; And then returneth for England with this 
Lord Thomas, whofe retynue in this warr was great, accompanyed alfo with his 
fonnes Maurice, Thomas, and John, and twoe others of his name, all that winter 
alfo with the kinge and their father in Scotland. 3intl noe fooner returned to 
Wotton with his great horfes (as fpeaketh the Accompt of that Manor) but hee 
hafleth to the Jufls and Turniament holden at Worcefter. 

3[n which voyages none of them omitted to have their feverall writs of pro- 
tection, for refpite of dets they owed, and freedome from fuites, fome of which, 
bare Tefte at Stryvelyne, Kinles, and Perth in Scotland, others at Berwicke, and 
other places in England ; To which kind of forren Rolls kept in the Tower of 
London, and to the houfehold Accompts of this Lord, I confeffe to owe much for 
the certainty of theis relations. 



Holling : fo : 31 1 . 
et niulti alij. 

210 

claus: 30: E : i. 
m : 7. 

protecft : et alton. 
30: E ; I. m. I. 10. 



comp : de wotton 
32. E : I. in cafl. 
de Berkeley. 
Stow. 209. 
Tho : de la More. 
Rot : protedl : et 
atton : 31. E : i. 
m 17. 10. 
comp : recept. 32. 
E : I. in Cafl.ro 
de Berkeley. 



3in the xxxiij'!' of the kings raigne, aryfeth a great controverfy between this 
Lord and his eldeft fonne Maurice on the one part. And the Towne of Briftoll of 

the other part : vpon often hearinge and examination whereof, both in Parliament Pat: 33. E: i. 

and before the kinge and his Counfell, and the Juflices Itinerant at Gloucefter, this P?"^^' '' '" '^°^^" 
Lord and his fonne and theire men were fined at one thowfand markes, as amongfl; 

the lawe fuites of this Lord after followeth: This fine, and thofe foule mifdemeanors, Pat : 34. E : i. 

the kinge in July in the xxxiiij'^ of his raigne, pardons, in confideracon that this ciaus • ^4 E • i 

Lord fhould find the kinge ten Armed horfmen at his owne Charges to attend him dorfo. 

in his prefent Army then goeinge into Scotland againfte Robert Brufe the Traytor, 'Tnn : rec : inrem: 

2 A there 34 E : i. 



178 



Cljc %i\it0 of t^c 2&crhdcp^ 



1281 



trae protedl : 34. 
E : I. m. 2. et 
poftea 



Buchannan et at : 



there to contynue from S! Lawrance daye next, as longe as the Kinge fliould 
211 perfonally bee in Scotland, | vnder the condud of Thomas Berkeley his fonne or 
carta in Sccio fome Other Captayne, And tooke bonnd accordingly by obligation, which yet 
remayneth with the aforefayd Condicbn endorfed : And accordingly, Thomas the 
fonne went. And fo alfo did this lord his father, and his elder brother Maurice, and 
foe greate a Number of remarkeable Englifh more with the kinge in this xxxiiij'^ of 
his raigne, as the names of thofe that had protecflions for the tymes of their beinge 
with the Kinge in this warre, take vp twelve rolls of parchment : And the warre it 
Boetius felfe foe blouddye and difaflerous to the Scotifli Nation, That theire hiftories com- 
playne, That kinge Edward carryed away captive all fuch as had any the leaft 
ability to ftirr : endeavoured to extinguifh the very memory of theire Nation : 
abolifhed all their antient lawes ; difpoyled them of theire hifloryes ; theire writings 
of State, and theire antient monuments ;^ tranfported theire bookes and booke men 
into England, Sent to London theire Marble Stone, wherein confifled the fate of 
theire kingdome : leaft them noethinge that might either incite them to remember 
theire former fortune, or inftru6l generous fpirits in the way of vertue and worthy- 
nes : Soe that hee bereaved them not onely of theire ftrength but of theire mindes 
alfo with other bitter exclamations ; whereto that watchfull and eager kinge in the 
inlargement of his power, gave them, perhaps, caufe iuft enough. |PcitI)CC defifted 
vntill hee had inclofed this vowe in his bofome, That alive and dead hee would 
further bee revenged on the periured Scots ; Adiuringe both his fonne and nobles, 
(whereof this Lord was one,) in a folemne affembly vpon theire fealty. That if hee 
dyed (as hee did) before that martiall vowe performed, they fhould carry his body 
vn-interred in theire warres till the fame were accomplifhed. 511llt> howe farr in a 
blouddy Conqueft, made by the fword, many yeares togeather vnflieathed, hee had 
proceeded, may be gathered by the title of his writs and fomons of Parliam' in the 
three and thirtieth yeare of his raigne, which was affembled, pro ftabilimento terrae 
ScoticC, for the eflablifhment of Scotland, which the king had conquered. | 



claus : 33: E : i. 
in dorfo : 



claus : 
fin: 



.2X2 

34- et 35. 
E: I. 

35- E: I. 



3[n February in the five and thirtieth of his raigne was the Parliament held at 
Carlile in the North : which being ended, the kinge, (accompanied with this Lord 

and 
1 In the Introdudlion to the Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland (8^?, 1881,) Edited by 
Mr. J. Bain, and publiflied by the Authority of the Lords CommifTioners of Her Majefly's Treafury, 
this fubje(5l is difcufled at fome length. It is there (hewn (pp. vj-viij) that an Inventory made in 1282 of 
fundry bulls, charters, and other muniments, then in the King's Treafury at Edinburgh, and three years 
before the death of Alexander III, had been by hiflorians confounded with the Records themfelves. It 
was this Inventory only that reached the Englifh Exchequer. There is not a particle of evidence (con- 
cludes Mr. Bain) that any fuch documents as thofe laft were ever transferred to England at all, and (lill 
lefs that they were dellroycd by Edward the Firfl. [Ed.I 



I32I 



Hifc of "Tlioma^ tftc i&cconb 



179 



and his faid fonnes Maurice and Thomas,) prepareinj^e to goe, or rather (as the 
record faith) then goeing againll the Scots perfidity, dyeth by Carlile the feaventh 
of July. 1307. when this Lord and William de Geynfljorough Bifhop of Worcefter, 
with Maurice this Lords eldefl fonne, were vpon theire Journey (as Ambaffadors 
from the kinge) towards the Court of Rome in profecution of thofe affaires of ftate, 
which were betwene Phillip kinge of France and him : Ci)Cp were difpatched by 
the kinge from Carlile the xxviij* of June, then alfo receyving theire letters of fafe 
condu6l generally, for theire good entertainm' and ufage vpon theire waye to Rome 
for themfelves and theire familyes : And the daye before had theire feverall pro- 
tedions vnder the privy feale, which being to endure but till the feafl of All Saints 
after, declared theire haft was vrged : Howbeit had not theire difpatche for in- 
flru<ftions, nor letters of Credence to the pope, till the fifth of July, And the fecond 
daye after dyed the kinge : 23ut whether they went to Rome or not, or whether 
they were recalled or returned of themfelves through the kings death, or what 
divertion might happen by the death of the fayd Bifhop of Worcefter at Berlacm 
within the yeare foUowinge, through theire Joynt authority, I have not found. 



Rot : Romre. 3.}. 
et 35. E : I. m : 2. 



Pat : 3S- E : m. 8. 



tree protedl : 34. 
et 35. E : I. m: 2. 



Rot : Romae : 35. 
E : I. memb : 2. 

Rot : Romae. i. 2. 
3. E: 2. 
Godwin fo : 443. 



25ut the date of this Lords writ being the xxvj'.'' of Augufl folowinge to come daus : i : E : 2. 
to the parliament to bee holden Ouindena Michis after May make vs thincke, that '" '^°'''^- 
hee was then returned. 



3Ilnll the xviij'*" of January then after, had his writ to bee prefent at the newe eodem. 
kings Coronation the Sunday after S' Valentines daye. And likewife an other writ, 
dated the Nynth of Marche followinge, to bee at the Parliament to bee holden 
Quindena Pafche next enfueinge. 

3Cnb the xxj'.*" of June followinge, being towards the latter end of the new kings eodem : 
firft yeares raigne, the kinge fomoned this Lord by his writt, to bee with him Armed 
and furniOied at Carleill the Odlaves | of the Affumption of our Lady, then the 213 
xxij'!* of Auguft next followinge, to goe againft Robert le Brus of Scotland. 

3Cnt> in the meane while, the king In January in the fayd firft yeare of his Pat: i : E : 2. 

raigne, makinge a ftiort Journey into France, this Lord and his twoe fonnes Maurice comp^ re"cep*t dni 

and John, went thither with him. As by their feverall writs of proted^ion and free- eodem anno in 
dome from fuites. Dated at Dover the xvj'.'' of the faid January may appeare, the ™ '^ ^^ ^^^ 

king then prefent. 

C!)C xvj'!" of Auguft in the fecond yeare of his raigne, the king fends his Claus : 2. E : 2. 
feverall writs to this Lord and to Maurice his eldeft fonne, ftiewinge that at the laft ™ ' ^ '""^ 
2 A 2 parliament 



i8o €|jc Slibcjf of tijc 25crhricp^ 1281 

parliament begun after his coronation, by reafon of intervenient' occafions, many 
thinges of great importance remayned vndetermined, nowe hee wills them to bee 
with him at his parliam' to bee holden at Weftminfter in tres [ ] Mictiis 

next ad confulendum inter magnates regni fui : 

CljUiSf comes Maurice firfl in to bee a Baron. 

claus: 2. E: 2. €i)C viij'^ of January in the fecond of his raigne, the kinge fends to this Lord 

"^' '"^ and to divers other fpetiall fele6l Peeres of the Nobilitye to bee with him at Wefl- 
in Caft.ro de Berk! minfler the fecond Sundaye in Lent, to advife about the great affaires of the land, 
And accordingly hee goes. 

claus • 2. E ■ 2 in ^&^ ^'^^^ ^f June in the fame fecond yeare, the kinge writes to this Lord and 

dorfo: alfoe to his fonne the Lord Maurice, to bee with him at his Parliament at Stamford, 
to bee holden the Sunday after S' James daye to advife about his enemyes the 
Scots, becaufe the tyme of truce being now expired, which by mediation of the 
French kinge hee had taken with them, they had invaded his Townes, burnt & 
deftroyed his people &c. 

J- ■ , r 5llnll the twentieth of the fame June the kinge writes agayne to them both, 

willinge them accordinge to the Ordinance of his firfl parliament, to bee ready 
with horfe and Armes, to goe with him from Stamford againfl the Scots, accordinge 
as it fhall there bee agreed vpon in their conferences togeather. 

, , p.. 3IlnlJ the xxix'^ of July beinge in the third of his raigne, from Stamford, after 

a fhort confultation there, the king fends out his writs to this Lord Thomas, and 

214 to the Lord Maurice his fonne, to bee w"* him at Newe | Caftle vpon Tine, on 

Michaelmas daye after to goe againft the Scots, who perfideoufly had broken the 

eod in dorfo. Truce and murdered his fubie6ls, 3©I)tCl) fervice by other writs vnto them the xi'^ 
of Septemb' following, was further prorogued till the morrowe after all Sowles 
day. 5llnll the xxvj'^ of Otlob", the Kinge then in his way towards the Scotch 
Warrs (as was thought) fends his new writ's to this Lord and the Lord Maurice 
his fonne, to bee with him at Yorke at his Parliament there to bee holden the 
Morrowe after Candlemas daye, to confult for repreffmg the vnfufferable damages 

eod in dorfo. and murders comitted by Robt de Brus and his Scotts : 2E»Ut by other writts the 
xij'!* of December they were directed to bee at Weflminfter the fayd daye, whither 
the parliam' (firfl appoynted for Yorke) was nowe prorogued ; 'CtjU^Sf vnder a weake 
kinge wavered the great affayres of State. CI^C 



1 32 1 Hifc of "Tftonuifif tl)c i&cconb 

CljC xj'^ of May followinge, this Lord Thomas was prefent at Woodflocke, and ^oi ■ 
a witnes to the kinges delivery of his greate Scale, to Ingelard de Warleigh whom 
then hee made his Chancellor. 



CljC xxviij'!" of May and the xviij'^ of June followinge in the fayd third yeare, Claus: 3: E: 2. 
the king fent to this Lord Thomas, and to the Lord Maurice his fonne, and to one 
hundred thirty and five other Barons and Earles, befides Bifliopps and Abbotts, to 
bee with him well Armed with horfe and foote, at Berwicke in the feafl; of the 
Nativity of our Lady next (the viij* of September, Anno quarto) to goe with him 
againfl Robert de Brus king of Scots his mortall enemy, who had entred his land, 
taking his Caftles and Townes and deftroyed his people, committinge dayly 
murders, burnings, and depredations, which hee is not ignorant of ; wherefore 
intendinge to repreffe thofe infolencies, and to recover backe what Robert de Brus 
hath taken: Therefore not to fayle to meet him, cum equis et armis quanto potentius 
poterint, prompti et bene parati : &c. with hors and Armes as powerfully as they can 
provide, ready and prepared to goe with the kinge as aforefaid, which they performed: 



clans : 4. E : 2. 
in dorfo. 



Rot : Scotia : 4 : 
E: 2. 

comp.garderob. in 
Caftro de Berkeley 
eod : Anno. 



3fintl then fent further to this lord, appoyntinge him to take the mufters for the 
County of Gloucefler, And to fee all the foote of the County to bee well Armed for 
his Journey againft the Scots: jfot which expedition that County furnifhed at twice. 
1430 quarters of wheate : 630 quarters of Gates, and 340 quarters of beanes and 
peafe : The fucceffe the Comon Cronicles in print declare. | 



Stnll the xxviij •^ of July in the fixth yeare of his raigne, the kinge declares how 
hee had fent to this Lord, and to Willington and Maunfell two knights, to mufter 
and Arme in the County of Gloucefler, five hundred foot men for his warrs in 
Scotland, whereof the greateft part to bee taken out of the Forrefl of Deane, And 
this to have bene with him at Rokefburrowe the firft of Auguft followinge in the 
fixth of his raigne. 



215 

Rot : Scotiae. 5. et 
6. E: 2. ra. vlt. 



SUntJ that whereas they had fent part of thofe men, and neglefted the refidue ; 
■C!)C kinge nowe required Nicholas de Kingfton, That hee fhould take to him, which 
of the forenamed three, (i Berkeley, 2 Willington, or 3 Maunfell) hee held to bee 
mofl faythfull to his Crowne, And to rayfe and Arme the refidue without fayle ; 3lllltl 
writes alfo of all this matter to the Sherife of Gloucefterfhire, And that hee fhould 
compell thofe foot foe chofen, to come forward for his warrs, And if any of them 
refufed to arreft them as Rebells ; 25ut I doe not find that either this Lord or his 

fonne 



l82 



Cfic Hibc^ of tlje 25erhricpjei 



1281 



Daniell. 

chron : de Hales 
manufcript. 



Rot : Scotiae. 7. 
E: 2. 



called the Battle 
of Strivelinge. 

comp. de wotton. 

10 : E : 2 : et de 

Portbury. 7. E : 2. 

in Caflro de 

Berkley : 

216 

Rollings: fo: 322. 

Polich : lib : 7. 

cap : 41. 

Fabian chron. 

Caxton et alij. 



Glaus : 7. E : 2 
in dorfo : 



Helin geograph. 



fonne or any of his name, were fent vnto, or went this Journey towards Scotland: 
3llntl caufe there is to thinke that they difliked the prefent government' and greatnes 
of the two Spenfers, that nowe immoderately grew vp, which yet they carryed warily. 

3[t feemes the delight the kinge tooke in Peirs Gavefton the Gafcoigne, gave 
difcontent to the Nobles at home, and fuch peace and reft to the Scots abrode, 
notwithftandinge the fhewes and Flaflies of warrs that had bene in five or fix yeares 
paft, prefented againft them, That findinge withall the Englifh ftate to bee difeafed, 
(as in truth it was,) and the head weake, they entred the Marches, and foe farr 
wafted Northumberland, That the Outcryes of the people, and the diflionor of the 
kingdome, drewe the kinge to take Armes for redreffe ; And to bring togeather an 
Army of one hundred thoufand of Englifh and other nations, (fome Scotifii Hiftories 
more then doublinge that number,) Amongft whome was this Lord, and the Lord 
Maurice and Thomas his fonnes with many of their knights and Efquires ; A 
bloudy battle is ftroake at Bannocks Burrough in Scotland, The Englifh loft the 
day : more of whom the Scottifh fword devoured then theire Army confifted of 
befides greate Numbers of the Englifh Nobility and others taken prifoners, 
Amongft whom was this Lord Thomas and his fonne Thomas (Maurice efcapinge;) 
which happened in Midfomer day in the | Seaventh yeare of the kings raigne, 
Anno . 1 3 14. vpon which battle the Scots thus fcofifingly rymed : 

Maydens of Inglond fore may yee mourne, 

For your Leomans ye haue loft at Bannockfborne. 
with heve aloe : 

What weneth the Kinge of Inglond, 

So foone to have wonne Scotland 

with Rumbiloe. 

I^Otobctt the fame day this battle was ftroke, there iffued from the kinge a 
fpetiall comannd vnder feale dated at Berwike to this Lord Thomas, requyringe 
him. That fetting afide all other bufines whatfoever hee fhould bee before the kings 
Counfell within fifteene dayes after to goe beyond Seas in the kings affaires, as then 
it fhould bee enioyned vnto him ; And to performe this as hee loved the kinge and 
his honor, and would avoyd his indignation : whereby it feemes, the ftate purpofed 
to keepe him from Idlenes : 25ut his captivity prevented that attendance. And I 
beleeve the receipt of that writ alfo. 

'd^i^ef great defeat, wherein the kinge himfelfe hardly efcaped by flight, put 
Scotland both into Armes and wealth and revenged (by the overthrowe of the 

greateft 



I32I 



Slifc of €\ioma^ tl^ Second 



i«3 



greatert; Army that ever the Englifli brought into the feild) the meafurc of theire 
bloud, which formerly had bene fpilt by the kings Father: 5It foe much difcouraged 
this kingdome, That for many yeares it wrought not any great revenge : 



2nj)C cheefeft care was to fortifie the bordures vnder the Charge and Care of Walfmgham 
the moft valiant Captaynes that remayned vnflayne, nor taken prifoners, nor daunted 
or deieifted ; (for nowe, a facie duo? vel trium Scotorum fugcrunt Angli centum, 
three Scots would nowe Chace an hundred Englilh borderers, as Walfmgham hath): 
IOt)Craipon the Lord Maurice Berkeley eldeft fonne of this Lord Thomas, for his 
valor and experience was fhortly after made governor of the Caflle and Towne of 
Berwick, a peece of moft; high importance, And mofl likely out of the humor of the 
Scots, nowe highly elevated, to bee firfl attempted, whereby appeares the miflake 
of Hollingefhead in his chronicle, fayinge. That amongft many thoufands of Englifh 
flaine at this battle, this Lord Maurice Berkeley was one. | 



Rot : Scotiae. 8. E: 

2 m. 7 in turre 

londini. 

Hillar : rec : in 

Sccio 6 : E: 3. 

cum reffi thefaur 

rot 

Hollings; fo: 322. 



Cl)i|$ lord Thomas thus a prifoner, (whom Hollingfhead by an other miftake 217 
calleth Maurice,) procureth the redemption of his fonne Thomas And difpatcheth See Holligs: 322. 
him into Glouceflerfhire and other places for rayfmg of money for his owne redemp- comp: de wotton 
tion, which hee foe effe6lually labored, (this Lords Tenants by theire benevolence ponbury 7. E: 2. 
aydinge therevnto,) That in the yeare followinge hee came to Berwike, where hee in Callro de Berk : 
found the Lord Maurice his eldefl fonne newly placed governor ; And after to 
Berkeley Caflle ; towards whofe redemption, his Copyholders in Portbury gave a 
benevolence of xxiiijl' xij? iiiji' 



l^citfjCC did hee afterwards negleft the redemption of fuch of his meniall Comp: de wotton 

13: E; 2. in C 
de Berkeley. 



knights and Efquires as were taken prifoners with him, all whofe freedomes hee 13: E; 2- >nCailro 



procured within three yeares after. 



Cl^C houfhold and forraigne Accompts of this Lord in the Seaventh yeare of Comp:dePortbury 
the kings raigne, reveale a marvellous vnwillingnes in him to this Scottifh warr ; ^^ Berkeley et ^° 
difpatchinge many letters and meffages to the kinge and other Lords and favorites divers, at: 
about him for excufes ; 4Pnc whereof was (noe doubt) his great age of threefcore 
and eight yeares, difpenfmg, w"^ Armes and travell, A courfe at other tymes rather 
pradlifed in ye contrary; |@{)tcl^ cafleth mee vpon the Confideration of many antient 
obfervances. That oft tymes before greate alterations, either in kingdomes, eftates, 
or great familyes, (the greateft and onely misfortune of this great wife Lords life) 
mens harts by a fecret and vnknowne inftin6l of nature, mifgive them, like as the 

Sea 



1 84 



€t)c Eitcjf of tJjc 25cthdcpief 



1281 



Claus: 7. E: 2. in 
dorfo : 

218 



Sea, without wind, will fwell of it' felfe before a tempeft arife ; <G>t were it out of 
the frute of his age, (for tyme makes all men wife that obferve it), prefaging ill 
Succeffe, either out of the kings weakenes, the difcontents at home, the feare or 
obfervation of forrayne pra6lifes, the pride & authoritye of Strangers drawne 
from Gafcoigne and other forraigne parts, to this Journey or whatfoever els ; '^Ut 
beinge in the ende chardged to come armed in fide et homagio quibus regi tenetur, 
vpon his homage and allegiance, hee went (as alfo did his faid | fonnes) ; yet mofl 
fure it is, That very vnwillinge hee was, And vnwillingnes to a Journey hath bene 
often noted as a fecret Oracle of evill adventures, as here is proved. 



H: Boetius. CijtjSf doubtleffe was the greateft battle that ever was wonne by the Scots, 

Tho- de la Moore whofe writers fay, That our Edward the feconds Army did confifl of one hundred 

in vita E: 2. g^^tj (\(^y thoufand horfe, and of as many foot : And though this may feeme great 

pag: 216. in exaggeration, yet our Englifli Annalls teftifie, nunquam magis fplendidus, nobilis et 

Howe in folio, fuperbus Angloi^ exercitus vifus ; That never before was the like preparation, pride 

and coft of warre, The foldiers even the night before the battle, bathinge themfelves 

in wine, caflinge theire gorges, cryinge, fhoutinge, vauntinge confidinge, in theire 

forces, as invincible. 



liber in Sccio 511bOUt the tyme of this Lords returne from Captivity, the State for the 

cu rem: thefaur. generall, hee for his particular, proceeded in an hufbandry of like refemblance ; 
The kinge in the Nynth of his raigne caufed by Inquifitions taken in all the Shires 
to be compiled that booke called nomina villarum, wherin are expreffed the thirty 
hundreds of Gloucefter, whereof the hundred of Berkeley is one ; whereof (faith 
the booke) Thomas de Berkeley th'elder is Lord, And that therein are twoe 
Burrowe Townes, Berkeley whereof the faid Thomas is Lord ; and Durfeley, 
whereof John fonne of William Berkeley is Lord, And the village of Newinton, 
whereof the faid John is lord, Hame, Came, Wotton, whereof the fayde Thomas 
de Berkeley the elder is Lord : Beverflon and Kingefwefton, whereof John ap 
Adam is Lord : Hull, whereof John Fit3 Nicholl is Lord : Almondfbury and 
Afheleworth, whereof the Abbot of S' Auguflines by Briftoll, is lord : 3Cnll this 
lord made exa6l furveyes, terrors, and Rentalls of all his Manors, as his improve- 
ments then flood, comprehendinge both demefnes, fervices, cuflomes, rents, and 
workes of his Tenats which were more Comodious to his particular, then the 
nomina villaru of all England was refpeftively to the kings ; fome of the broken 
parts of which Surveyes, yet remayne in Berkeley Caflle ; I^otDbctt the power of 
tyme, that tumbleth downe what the Cannon cannot deflroy, 3llntl the new fafhions 

of 



1 32 1 Uifc of Cftoni.iflf tl)c .^CfonD 

of Lords huflDandries, and | the incroach of Tenants vpon their Land lordes, have 215 
foe varyed them in theire length of dayes, that they feeme of a Courfer mold, then 
at theire firfl; caftinge they were. 



18 = 



Rot : Scoti.T : 8. 
K : 2. in dorfo. 



25ut the trobles of State fuffered this Lord httle to reft vpon any hufbandry 
or other deUghts of hfe ; for {mediately almoft after his returne, the kinge, the 
thirtieth of June in the end of the viij'^ yeare of his raigne, then at Berwike, 
writes to this Lord to bee with him at Newcaftle vpon Tyne in the feaft of the 
Affumption of our lady, (the fifteenth of Auguft following,) withall the ftrength of 
horfe and foot that hee could make : Whether hee went or not, I finde not, or 
whether the Somons went forth before his releafe out of Scotland : 25ut the Lord 
Maurice his fonne was in that warre and foe worthily conceived of, as that the fame Rot: predict. 111:3. 
yeare hee was made governor of Berwicke, as in his life appeares. 



Cljt xij'? of May in the Nynth of his raigne, the kinge writes to this Lord and Claus: 9. E: 2. 
to the Lord Maurice his fonne. That whereas the twentieth of February before hee 
had appoynted them with all theire Stregth and forces of Horfe and foot to bee 
with him at New Caftle vpon Tyne in Quindena Scti Johis baptifte, (the viij"* of Rot ; cod in dorfo. 
July.) to withftand the rebellion and attempts of Robert de Brus of Scotland and 
other Tray tors his Complices ; Nowe for certayne Caufes, hee deferreth that 
affembly till the Tenth of Auguft followinge, the feaft of S' Lawrance, And then 
requires them not to fayle in that fayth and homage wherein they ftand bound vnto 
him. 

2r!)C thirtieth of Auguft in the fayd Nynth yeare, the kinge writes agayne to claus: 9. E: 2. 
this Lord, That for the better repreffmge of the Scots, hee, by the advife of his 
Counfell, intends to winter in the North parts, And therefore willed him to Affifl 
him with all his power of Horfe and foot, And to bee with him in thofe parts by 
All S" next. 3Cnb to returne to him in writinge by the bearer, what number 
befides his owne perfon, hee would then ayd him withall. 

CI)C twentieth of May in the Tenth yeare, the kinge writes to this Lord to i^^'^dorfo^ 
bee with him with his full power and Strength at New-Caftle \ vpon Tyne in 220 
quindena Sci Jofeis baptifte, to goe againft the Scots : eodem rot. 



31!ntl the xvij'^ of June writes agayne to put of his cominge till the eleaventh of eodem rot 
Auguft, the Morrowe after S! Lawrance day. 3Ilnll laftly afterwards writes to him, 
2 B how 



1 86 



€^c %iMe^ of tJje 23crfedcp3af 



how that the Scots dayly put' the holy Church and his people vnder tribute, to his 
Rot. prsdidl. endles diflionor and of his kingdome ; And therefore nowe being vpon his Journey 
to reprefs them, fhould not fayle withall his powre of Horfe and foote to come vnto 
him : The like was at each of the former tymes written to the lord Maurice this 
lords fonne. 



claus : II. E : 2. 
dorfo : 

Rot. praedidl. 



Rot : Scotife. 1 1. 
13 13. E: 2. m: 4. 

et. 12. 

comp. rec : et 

miniflr in Caflro 

de Berkeley in 

eifdem Annis : 



'C!)C tenth of June in the xj* of his raigne (the parliament then ended fomoned 
for Lincolne), The kinge writes to this Lord as in the laft yeere, to be with him 
Armed, at Yorke at the feaft of S' James to refift the Scots, who had broken the 
truce contrary to the popes Comande : 3lnb a further day by fecond tres was fhortly 
after given to him to be at Newcaftle vpon Tine ; (CfjC lihc alfo was written to the 
Lord Maurice his fonne, who went' accordingly ; As alfo did Thomas and Maurice 
the faid Lord Maurice's two fonnes, whereby in this xij'^ of Edward the fecond, 
three generations of this family in lineall difcent, were in the feild in Armes 
togeather, in defence and honor of their Country. 



Claus : 12 : E: 2 3Ilt the parliament holden at Yorke in Aprill in the xij'^ of this kinge Edward 

the fecond his raigne, it was agreed. That a great Armye fhould bee rayfed, and 
Rot. p''di<5l: to bee by Midfomer followinge at New-Caflle vpon Tyne to goe againft the Scots ; 
311nll accordingly the xxij^of May followinge, the kinge fends to this Lord to p'pare 
and come ; whofe cominge by twoe other writts is firfl put of, till the Feafl; of S? 
James, and after till S! Bartholomewe daye, And then to bee with the Kinge at 
Yorke, which was this Lords laft fomons and Journey. 



Rot : prre(li(5l : 
comp. prrediifl. in 
Caflro deBerkeley . 



CijC like was written and fent to the Lord Maurice this Lords fonne and heire, 
which they performed: 3llltl thus it hath exprefdy appeared, That this Lord Thomas 
was 28 tymes in Armes in the feild in Severall yeares, in the fervice of the three 
kings wherevnder hee lived | whereof the three firfl were in the life of his father, 
the reft after ; when els I have not found. 



Claus : 14. E : 2. 
in dorfo. 



claus. p^didl. in 
dorfo. 



"CtjC xxviij'I' of March in the fowerteenth of his raigne, the Kinge from Glouc. 
writes to this Lord Thomas and to the Lord Maurice his fonne to come thither to 
him the fifth of Aprill followinge, to advife for the quiet of the kingdome, what was 
fit to bee done, to appeafe all thofe Armed powers and men that were affembled in 
Wales, and in the Marches thereof where then were made many congregations of 
foldiers &c. 3!!nll the xiij* of Aprill writes to them agayne from the fame place, 
That he marvells at the Affemblies of Armed men in all their parts, and of their 

giving 



1 32 1 jttifc of iCfjoni.Tfif tl^c .Second 187 

giving of way vnto them at leafl the not repreffinge and quietinge of them, And 

therefore nowe Comannds them that they keep his peace in their parts vnder the Rot:p'di<5l. 

payne of forfeitinge to him all that they have or may forfeit., 3Cnb tells them how, 

hee and divers of his Nobles w'!" him, have ever bene, and ftill are ready to doe 

them Juftice in all things, letting them knowe that if they doe othcrwife, hee will 

not diffemble, but punifh their difobedience, as to his regall dignity appertaynes ; 

%t the fame tyme went out Comiffions to the Sherifes of this County of Gloucefler, 

and of Worcefler, Hereford, Salop, & Stafford, to reprefs fuch vnlawfull Affemblyes. 

5it feemes the kinge and thofe about him, thought themfelves fcarce fafe at Rot. p''di(!^. in 
Gloucefler, foe many difcontented Noble men and Comons beeing foe neere and 
round about ; wherefore the xviij ? of that Aprill the kinge hafts to Brifloll Caflle ; 
And from thence the xxi'^ of the fame Month, writes the third tyme to this Lord 
and his fonne the lord Maurice, declaringe that divers malevolent perfons doe 
endeavor to difquiet his people goeing vp and downe his kingedome fowing of lyes 
to his great fcandall and rayfmge of his people into tumults &c. And therefore 
requires them not to beleeve them, but to reprefs them, and keepe his fubiedls in 
peace, and to endeavor all tranquillity &c. 

€i)C firfl of Maye followinge, the kinge then at Wallingford in his waye towards ^"dorfo^^"^" 
London, forbids Humfry de Bohun Earle of Hereford | and Effex, and Roger de 222 
Mortuo mari, to affault the lands of Hugh le Difpenfer the yonger, And him, theirs, 
which they mutually were in fpoylinge each vpon other. 

C!)C fifteenth of the fame May the kinge fomons his parliament to bee holden ^^^y : 14 : E : 2. 
at Weftminfter on Midfomer day followinge. And twoe writs of fomons are fent to 
this Lord and to his faid fonne to be there, and to the other mutiners, lords alfo : 
25ut the ficknes or other indifpofition of this Lord Thomas, hindred him from 
travell, then . 76. yeares old. And dyed at Berkeley the xxiij'*" of July followinge, 
which endeth this longe title of his forraigne imployments in warrs and Embaffes : 
]@t)ilt followed after theis trobles (nowe thus in dawninge) the life of the Lord 
Maurice his fonne will make cleere vnto his pofteritye. 

^10 rccrcation.fif nno tidtg!)t.sf 

^i^ noble Lord being a man that flighted noe houre, or adlion of his life, was 
alfo ferious in his recreations and delights, which vfually were of theis fower feverall 
kindes. viz' 

2 B 2 I. fhr^t 



€J)e HiMc^ of tljc 2BcrhdcpjS 



1281 



I. 5Fil^;6ft in Armes abrode, witneffed by the former title of his foraigne imploy- 
ments in 28 Armies againft the French, Scots and Welfli. 

divers, comp 2. ^cCOttDili in Jufls and Turneys at neere twenty feverall places, And where 

recept.ct sfiirderob: 

in Cailro de Turneyments were holden, more then twice foe many times ; for it was in thofe 

Berl^ley ftirringe tymes become almofl a Monthly exercife in the dayes of Kinge Edward 

the firfl, and of his fonne King Edward the fecond, notwithftandinge the often 

proclamations thofe kinges and holy Church fent out againfl them : which this 

Lord though then in old age omitted not to followe, as longe as hee had health to 

ride, which declares the mould wherein his conftitution was caft : <£}( which manner 

of Turneys I have formerly written in the title of the iffue of the Lord Maurice this 

Lords Father, at one whereof held at Killingworth in Warwickeflaire, this Lords 

elder brother was flayne. | 



223 

Plurimi compi de 
Portbury, Hame, 

Wotton,Slimbridg, 

&c. temp : E : I. 

et E : 2. in caflro 

de Berkeley. 

pat: 21. E: i.m. 23. 

claus:20.E:i.m: 2. 



3. '3rf)ttlllp in hawkes, hounds, and other doggs, which hee all his life folaced 
in ; A number foe great, that it wold nowe bee deemed burdenfome to a faire 
eftate : ^Ct followed more by his fonnes and the knights and Efquires of his family 
then by himfelfe : J^ijei later yeares in thofe fports imitatinge princes at great 
banquets, caflinge an eye of honor vpon the diflies, and then turne away and tafl 
none, yet with fuch refpeft, as noe circumfpedlion was at any tyme with him 
omitted, that tended to honor or profit. 

Mirth with thy labour fometyme put in vfe, 
That better thou maift thy labour endure. 

4. 5llllb laftly in hufbandries at home, wherein hee excelled all before him, as 
the title thereof hath formerly declared ; A noble Lord that never feemed wearyed, 
though ever bufied, as if A61:ion had bene his nourifhment; In fuch fort, fometymes 
in hufbandry at home, fometyme at fport in the feild, fometyme in the Campe, 
fometyme in the Court and Councell of flate, with that promptnes and celerity, 
That his body might have bene beleeved to bee vbiquitary : And his pofteritye 
will hardly beleeve, that what this theire Anceftor hath done, was by a man fezible, 
efpetially to bee by foe weake an eye as myne difcerned through the mifts of foe 
many ages incurred fince his death : whom if it were poffible after the darknes of 
foe many dayes, to drawe unto the life, his pofterity would fee him to bee a man foe 
generally well put togeather in all imaginable Abilityes, that the wefterne Corner 
of this kingdome hath not brought forth a peere of his temper and perfedlion that 
hiftories have obferved. 



I32I 



jllifc of ^lioiUiia tlic ^cronti 



189 



l?i.^ purcJ).xafjfli of lauDfif 

3fn this title I will bee Ihorc, ihc i\iiher bccaufe his eldefl; foniic the Lord 
Maurice, whofe life next followeth, was for the mod part a Joynt purchafer with 
him : And for that his grandchilde the next | lord of his name (for whome I will 224 
referve the glory of that title) comprehends them both : Here onely remembrige 
a fewe of this Lords purchafes vfefull to his pofterity, which cannot orderly bee 
cafl into any other Corner of his hiftory. 

311 tf)C xxvIj'^ yeare of Kinge Edward the firft hee purchafed all the Lands of Carta in Caftro 
Henry de Midleton Lord of a part of the Manor of Portbury, which coll him two ^ ereey. 
hundred and forty markes, whereby that Manor of his (together with the purchafe 
which the Lord Robert his great Vnckele made of Salfo marifco) came to exceede 
the other Moytie of M' Wake foe farre as at this day appeareth, whereof read alfo fol : [107] 
before in the life of the two firfl; Lords and of the fayd Robert. To which deed of 
Midleton are nyne knights wittneffes, and fower other Lords of Manors, all, but comp : garderob. 
two, meniall fervants to this Lord and to the Lord his fonne, as divers accompts caftrode Berkeley, 
doe fhewe. 



3!n ti)C xxxj'^ and xxxij* of Edward the firfl; hee purchafed of Richard fonne 
and heire of S' John Clifford and of Robert the fonne of Pagan (ats fitj Payne) the 
Manor of Frampton vpon Seaverne adioyninge to his Manor of Slimbridge ; SCllD 
the yeare after, in the xxxiij'^ of that kinge, granted again the fame to the fayd Robt 
and Ifabeli his wife one of the twoe fillers and coheires of Richard Clifford and to 
the heires of the body of the fayd Robert, vnder the yearly rent of twenty and twoe 
markes (then the utmoft valewe that Manor would yeald) payable at fower feafts by 
equall portions, which rent is accordingly payd at this daye by John Arundle of 
Lanheron, fonne of S' John Arundle, fonne of S' John, fonne of S"' John, fonne of 
S' Thomas, fonn of S"^ John and of Katherine his wife daughter and coheire of S' 
John Chideocke fon of Sir John, fon of Sir John Chideocke and Ifabeli his wife, 
daughter and heire of Robert Fit5 Payne fonne of the forefayd Robert the fonne 
of Pagan ats fitj Payne and of Ifabele his wife, the Conizees in the fyne of the 
xxxiij'^ of Edward the firft aforefayde, whereof read more in the life of Maurice 
the fifth : 25cttClcniC which John Arundle and the Lord Henry | the firft, and 
George nowe Lord Berkeley and their Tenants and farmers concerning grounds 
newe gayned from, and leaft by the River of Seaverne, now called the new warth 
and new grounds, and the Comon Claymed theron by the Inhabitants of Frampton 
and Slimbridge, divers great and tedious fuites have bene contynued from the 

Seaventh 



Cartce in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 
finesinthefaur:3i. 
32. et. 33. E: 1. 
Inq: 9: E: 2.n? 63. 
comp: miniRr: in 
Sccio 3 : et: 4. El: 
Gloc: 

Ing:3:H:5. p.m. 
JoTiis Chideock. 
Pat: 34. H. 8. 
dat. I. September: 
Inq: 12. H. 6. n? 
38. p. m. Alino,- 
Chideock. 
Inq: 19. E: 4. n° 47 
p. m. Katheriii 
Arundle. 
Mictiis term : 14. 
Eliz: rot: 72: cfi 
rem thefaii in 
Socio: 
225 

In(i:2:H: 7. p. m. 
Tho: .\rundel 
militis. 

In: 2: H: 7 p. m. 
Kalh: mat: 
Thome .Arundle. 



\go 



€lje %iMc0 of tl)c 25crhricp$f 



Inq: 2. E : 6. p. m. 

Jofiis Arundle 

Inq: i H: 7. pro 

Margt: fil: et 

hrered. Joliis 

Chideock ■- 

Supervis: in Sccio 

6: Ja: et in Cur. 

ward: 11 Jac: 

bill :in cam'a flellai 

8 Jac: et in Cane: 

8 Jac: 

Com: pleas 

banc: regis. 

Carta in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 



Seaventh yeare of King James to this daye : which have produced Comiffions of 
Survey out of the Exchequer, and Court of Wardes, vi^ith perticular maps, two 
decrees in the Chancery, five decrees in the Court of Wards, Trialls at Lawe both 
in Kingefbench and Comon pleas, Inditemets in the Countrey, and bills for ryotts 
and other mifdemeanors, in the Starchamber. The bookes and breviatts whereof, 
are, elephantini libri, a wholl porters burden ; wherein I have longe had my vn- 
profitable part : The further narration whereof ; (through the great expence thereby 
occafioned,) I take noe Comforte longer to contynue. 

5finlJ by deed without date this Lord granted to the Abbot of S' Peters of 
Glouc : ten Acres and a halfe of arrable land called manland in Bradflons feild 
within this Lords Manor of Hame, refervinge xij? rent by the yeare at fower feafts 
for all fervices, for payem! whereof the Abbot and Covent bynd their Manor of 
Lorwinche, for diftreffe as often as the fame fhall bee vnpayd ; CI)C rather in this 
place mentioned, becaufe the rent hath bene vnpayd for twenty yeares paft, and 
wilbee lofl:, if not fpeedily lookt vnto. 



Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



3'n tfjC xxxiiij'*' of kinge Edward the firft, this Lord purchased of the pryor of 
S' Bartholomewes, a cheife rent of twenty five fliillings per Anii, goinge out of 
fol: [801] divers Tenements in Iron A6lon, whereof read amongfl the lawe fuites of the Lord 
Henry the firft. 



carta in caflro 
de Berkeley. 



226 

bundell finiu in 
Thefau',- : 5 : E: 2. 

Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



Rec : in thcfaur : 
Sccij : 4. et 8. E: i. 



^bOUt the fame tyme hee purchafed of Wittm Paynell knight, to himfelfe and 
J one his wife and to the heires of himfelfe, all the rents and fervices of his free- 
holders and villaines with theire Sequells, which hee had in Awre, togeather with 
the pafture called the warth in the other fide of Seaverne, And the revercon of the 
dower in Awre held by J one late the wife of John^ Bohun. | 

3llt the fifth of Kinge Edward the fecond, this Lord purchafed by fyne divers 
lands and Tenements in Hame, of William de Pridy. 

^n the eighth of Edward the fecond, hee purchafed certayne Lands in 
Kingefcote of Peeter Stinchcombe which in the viij'J'of King James, were Alyened 
by the Lord Henry the firft. The reft which were inany, I omit, for the Caufes 
formerly mentioned in the head of this title : 

1^10 ^uitc^ef iit ialuc 

3ilgatnjGit this Lord Thomas and Joane his wife, kinge Edward the firft in the 
viij'?" yeare of his raigne bringeth a writ of Quo warranto, to fet forth by what title 

they 



I32I 



ttifc of €^oma0 ttie Second 



191 



they held the Manor of Bedminfter and the three hundreds of Bedminfter, Portbury ^o' ■.^^8'^"M-.. 
and HarecUve, with theire hberties in the County of Somerfett, (occafioned by the 
prefentin? made againfl his father in the fourth of Edward the firfl before mentioned,) fol : [132] 
who juflify under a feoffment to them made by the Lorde Maurice his father : whoe 
beinge prefent', avowed his Deed, and iuflified the holding and vfer, by the grant 
of King Henry the fecond to his greate Grandfather Robert Fit5-Harding; Addinge 
that before that tyme alfo, the faid hundreds had bene the inheritance of the Earles 
of Gloucefler tyme out of mind, and antiently appertayned not to the Crowne of 
England, making thereby the grant of King Henry the fecond, but a confirmation of Efcaet. in tun- 
former purchafes from the fayd Earles; 3llntl afterwards was an Inquificon returned somerfet'* ' 
of all fuch liberties as belonged to the faid hundred of Portbury and the Leet thereof; Carta exempl : in 
which is an excellent Record, And became a peacemaker in my dayes betweene the CaitrodcBerkeley. 
Lord Henry Berkeley and M' John Wake, who for his Manor of Clivedon calum- 
nyated the fame. 

Che like writs of Quo warranto, the fame kinge Edward the firfl; in the nvnth ^^^ • '" recept 
... . . . . thelaur : Scij 9 : et 

and xiij'.'' yeares of his raigne, brought againfl this Lord Thomas concerninge the 13. E: i. 

liberties hee claymed within the Manor of Durfeley in his hundred of Berkeley, 

wherein before Solomon de Roffs | and his fellow Juflices Itinerant, the Jury at 227 

Gloucefler Affizes found that the Anceflors of this Lord, in the tymes of King John 

and of Henr}- the fecond, vfed. That if any Theeves were taken either in the Court 

or in the Towne of Durfeley to bringe them the fame daye to the Caflle of Berkeley, 

if the day fufificed, and there they were accuftomed to receive theire Judgment, and 

to have iuftice executed vpon them ; 3Cntl if that day of their takinge fufficed not. 

Then to bee brought vppon the morrowe after to the faid Caflle. 



IDirtjht the like writt of Quo warranto, was this Lord alfo purfued in the xv'."* PHta de quo warn 
yeare of the faid Kinge Edward L concerning his manor and hundred of Berkeley, in Com Glouc: in 

and for the markets, fayres, free warren, and other liberties that hee claymed therein: tl'tC-ui: r^-'cept. 15. 

. K : I : rot : 1 2. 

whereunto hee pleadeth all the old Charters of Kinge Henry the fecond, and of 

Kinge Richard the firfl, and of Kinge John, and of this kinge Edward the firfl, 

more particularly then in any other record : 511^ that hee hath free warren in the 

Townes of Berkeley, Hame, Clapton, Bevington, Pedington, Stone, Swonhungre, 

Wanefwell, Egeton, Alkington, Newport, Woodford, Swanley, Wike, Hineton, 

Pockhampton, Came, Hurfl, Kingflon, Gofington, Stinchcombe, Stancombe, 

Cleyhungre, Matefden, Cowley, Hullmancote, Slimbridge, Wotton, Simondfall, 

Combe, Wortley, Bradley, Nibley, and Birchley : 25ut in the Townfhipps of 

Beverfton, 



192 €!)c Ititcjef of tljc 25crhricp^ 1281 

Beverfton, Aylberton, Kingewefton, Hill, Nymesfeild, Horfeild, Filton, Almondef- 

bury, Cromhall, Aflileworth, Durfley, Vley, Kingefcote, Owlpen, Newinton, 

Owfelworth, Huntingford, and Arlingham, hee claymeth noe free warren, though 

all the fame bee within his hundred of Berkeley : <Df which and other his liberties 

fol: [910] there, I fhall more largely write in the life of George Lord Berkeley, when I come 

to mention the largefl of all grants of liberties, obtayned from King James in the 

xiiij'^ of his raigne by the Lady Elizabeth Berkeley his Mother and guardian, 

comprehending all liberties granted by former princes, with ample inlargements, 

Rec : in thefaurar : ^tlllOIlgjBft which claymes of liberties, is a notable prefentment of the Jury at Glou- 

recept : Scij. 15. ^gftej. [^ ^Ylq fame fifteenth yeare of kinije Edward the firfl, before Witim de Saham, 
E: i.ptitaetaflifa. . . 

and other his fellowe Juflices Itinerant, Howe one John Wayfer a felon was taken 

228 by the Baylyes of | this Lord Thomas within his liberty of Berkeley, vpon fufpition 
of ftealinge an Oxe in Wiltfhire, brought to the fayd Caflle and there imprifoned 
for eight dayes. And how Adam Still Conflable of the Caftle, John Creel porter, 
and John Dun fervant to the fayd Conflable, the vnder Caoler, W" the Gardner, 
and fome others, hanged him in the prifon of the fayd Caftle without iudgm| %vXi 
becaufe the fayd Robbery was done in Wiltfhire, whereof they in this liberty of 
Berkeley in the County of Gloc : could take noe cognizance or knowledge, there- 
fore the fayd Juflices feazed the fayd liberty into the Kings hands, & awarded to 
the Sheriffe proces of diflres to compell this Lord to appeare and fhewe by what 
warrant hee claymed to have a prifon within his Manor of Berkeley and a liberty, 
as aforefayd : Whereupon this Lord iuflifieth to have Infangentheefe there, and to 
doe iuflice vpon fuch theeves as were taken in the faft or at the purfuet of others 
whofe the flollen goods are : 25ut of thofe felons whoe are taken by inditement at 
his viewe of frank pledge, hee claymeth noethinge, but the fendinge of them by his 
Baylyes to the kings Comon gaole of the County Whereupon his fayd liberty is 
agayne reflored vnto him. 5(lntl alfo vpon tryall, the fayd Conflable, Jaylor, and 
the refl, were found not guilty of any Offence, becaufe the fayd John Wayfer the 
felon hanged himfelfe in the fayde Caftle ; And for that the faid Wayfer was appre- 
hended at the fuit of Simon Aldrington, whoe Ow[n]ed the fayd Oxe, to whome 
the fame was reflored. 

3tt tfjE end of this record, is a prefentment of an other nature againfl the Lord 
Thomas before the fayd Judges, That vpon a new Cuftome rayfed by him, hee 
would not permitt any free mans widowe to marry agayne at her pleafure, vnles , 
fhee firfl made fine with him ; And thereupon tooke of Alice the widowe of John 
Scay two markes in money becaufe fhe maryed her felfe to one Wittm of Combe 

without 



I32I 



Sifc of €t)onia£f tl)c <^cfoiit) 



without his licence and good will, Idco ;id indicium de eo, fayth the record, And 
foe remayneth : 23ut the length of this Lords dayes for thirty five yeares after, 
with the Conflancy of his Actions, foe fetled the Courfe of widowes eflates to 
forfeite vpon manage or incontinency, (if the fayd prefentment bee of copyhold 
lands,) That they foe fmce in all the Copihold eftates of this Barony and Manor of 
Berkeley have remayned to this day 31nD the better at this tyme to | eftablilh 
them, (being fomewhat moved as it may feeme with this prefentnV,) hee caufed to 
bee made, Rentalls, and other rolls of all his Manors, contayninge the Cuftomes, 
workes and fervices of each Copiholder, of a yard land, halfe yard land, farrundle, 
and Cotterell, fome of which remayne to this daye in the Caflle of Berkeley : 2&Ut 
I rather thinke this prefentm' was of the widowes of freeholders holdinge of this 
Lord by Knight Service, as is in the kings cafe, of Widowes endowed of lands 
holden of him at this day. 



229 



193 



5111 the xviij'^ of Edward the firfl, this Lord impleaded by his writ of entry Carta in caftro 
before the kings Juflices at Weftminfter, the Bifliop of Ely and Richard Clifford ^ ^^ ^^^' 
for a meffuage and Carucate of land in Erlingha which by agreem' was thus ended, 
That this Lord fhould hold the fame till Michaelmas then after. And thenceforward 
the Bifhop and Clifford fhould hold the fame for theire lives, And after to remayne 
to this lord and his heires : Cljij^ land they claymed by a deed from Maurice this 
lords Father, wherein the fonne findinge an hole, crept in at it, to the regayninge 
of the land. 

5for the endinge of thofe Controverfies, which in divers of the kings Courts Carta: 31 :E: i. 
were dependinge betwixt this lord and the Abbot of Kingefwood, it was agreed, CaarodeBerkeley. 
That the Abbott and his Succeffors fliould for ever find a fould of two hundred and See fol : [152] 
twenty fheep vpon the land of this Lord and of Maurice his fonne at Symondfall, 
from the third day of May till the firft of November yearly, (three dayes for fhear- 
ing of thofe fheepe onely excepted ;) 2But if the Abbot had noe fheep vpon the 
lands of their granges of Edge, Ofellworth, and Caldeeote, by reafon of rot or other 
vrgent neceffity ; Then for that tyme. The fayd Abbot not to find that fould : 31Intl 
further if it happen theire paflure of Symondfall to beare above . 800 . fheep of this 
Lords and his fonnes and theire Tenants, Then the Abbot not to find the fayd 
fould, till that number bee diminiflied. 



CI)i^ lord havinge in part of his wives mariage portion, the Advowfon ot the Regifl : Lincoln 
Church of Cofton in the County of Leicelter, Edmond the kings brother made title S^ E: i. 
2 c thereunto : 



194 



€l^c Hiticjef of rt)c 2Bcrhclcp;S 



1281 



Rot : quo. warr : et 

aflis. 5. E: i in 

recpt Scij : 



Aflis : predidl : 
rot : 31. 

Ptita iur. et affis. 

cora Witto de 

Saham ap^ Gloc : 

15: E: I. rot: 3 

in dorfo in thefaur. 

Hillar : 15. E: 3. 

rot. 54 coram rege. 

Pafch. eodrot: 82 

Mich, eoft rot : 71 

et83. 

Mich. 16. E : 3. 

rot : 28. 

Pafch : 1 7. E : 3. 

rot. 39. 

Hillar: 19 : E: 3 : 

rot. 87 

Pafch. 19. E: 3. 

rot. 19. all coram 

rege. 

liber manufc : in 

perga de wards et 

releviis in cafl.ro 

de Berkeley. 

Ptita p-'didta 

rot : 29. 

See after in the 

life of Maurice the 

fixth. 



thereunto: Howbeit this Lord and Joane his wife recovered againft him vpon tryall, 
And accordingly in the fifth of king Edward the firfl prefented theire Clarke, As by 
the Regifter of the Bifhop of Lincolne of that yeare, reciteinge both the fuite and 
the kings writ to give them poffeffion thereof, appeares. 



3[ntl^e fifteenth of King Edward the firft, Henry Berkeley of Durfeley brought 
230 againft this Lord and others, an Affize of Novell diffeifine for | lands in Came, but 
was amerced for not profecutinge. (CljC like did Elias Botiler for Comon of pafture 
in Slimbridge, who alfo was amerced for not profecutinge. 



Baronia : 



311t ttjijS tyme alfo this lord profecuted with many proceffes, Walter Meffor his 
bondman, and nowe a fugitive, in a plea de nativitate, of bondage, who could not 
bee brought in. 

ipotDt alfo was tryed an Affize betweene Allured of Kingefton in Slimbridge 
parifh and John fonne of John A6lon and others, wherein appeares howe the lands 
there in queftion were firft held of Thomas this Lords grandfather in villenage. And 
howe afterwards both the lands and the perfon of the faid Allured were manumitted ; 
And after that, happened the wardfhipp both of the lands, and of Robertt fonne and 
heire of Richard de Kingefton fonne of the faid Allured ; havinge created a tenure, 
To hold of him by knight fervice ; which are the lands called Rivers lands at this 
daye fcattered into many hands; whereof feaven or eight wardfhipps have profitted 
this family in my tyme, to the valewe of the inheritance of theis lands at the leaft : 
As in a booke by mee made appeares. 

■^Il iihc Affize was then alfo tryed betweene John de Salfo Marifco and Richard 
De la more, for the Manor of Hanam in the pifhe of Bitton, whether the tenure 
thereof was in focage or by knight fervice ; wherein is pleaded a feoffment of that 
Land made by Robert Fit3 Harding, (which I thinke was by Maurice his fonne,) 
to Robert de Hannam, And a tenure by Knight fervice referved, which Robert de 
Berkeley fonne of Maurice, (not of Robert as this Record hath,) granted to Robertt 
de Amnevill father of Petronilla de Vivon, and of Petronilla de Amnevill; To which 
Petronilla de Amnevill the fame was allotted in partition, who thereof enfeoffed the 
faid Richard de la More. 3[oi)n replyed. That the Manor is, de honore de Button 
holden in foccage, but the Jury find the tenure to bee by Knight fervice ; And the 
rather, fay they, becaufe the fayd Manor of Hannam is de Baronia de Berkeley, 
parcell of the Barony of Berkeley holden of the King by k' fervice. 



1 32 1 Hifc of C()onia$( tt)c ^cconD i95 

311llb the fame tynie were alfo fuits depending betwixt this lord & John de 
Brett for feaven Acres and a halfe of land in Pockhampto in Hinton, and Gilbert 
Efpeter for lands in Berkeley : which I paffe by. | 

3il0Ailtjett this Lord doth Peter the fonne of warren and Jone his wife daughter 231 
and heire of Alienor de Hame, bring an Affize for part of one of his Mill ponnds, ^^ot '■ 33- 
which Maurice this Lords father forciblye had cut and tooke awaye being parcell of 
their land : This lord pleads a difcent thereof from his father, and the contynuance 
of his owne poffefrion, And that the fame is noe impeachment of theire waye in 
cominge to their other lands as they alleadged : And foe it refteth. 

C!)C fame Peter and his wife bring agiiinfl this Lord two other Affifes of ^^^ ■ 34- 
Comon, which the Lord Maurice his Father by inclofures did diffeize them of in 
Hame. This lord takes advantage vpon error in the viewe, and fo barreth their parvus rot. de quo 
fute. IDttt) this and fome other difcurteous fuites this lord was foe offended, That ^^^ '. ' 
againft; this Peter he fets on a Quo warranto in the kings name concerning divers 
liberties hee claymed in Wickftowe, (part whereof is now inclofed in Newporte, as 
Catgrove and the lawne adioyninge :) Peeter in defence pleads a Charter in the 
xliiij'!" of Kinge Henry the third ; Howbeit iudgm' was given for the kinge and the 
liberty refumed, becaufe hee was not heire to Glaftover the grantee ; but came in 
as a purchafer. 

]%ici)acb Mecocke fervant to this Lord, tooke Wittm Goyll with his net catch- jurat, et Aflis. 
inge hares in his Mafters Wood, whom with an arrowe he killed; His lord for '5- ^'- i- 
continuinge of him two yeares after in his fervice, is fomoned to anfwere And the 
faid Richard is outlawed for felony, not nowe appearinge. 

%t this Affife alfo by the Jury of Berkeley hundred, are many prefentments A^is. 15. E: i 
made agaynfl; the Baylyes of this Lord, for divers wrongfull imprifonm" and fetting 
in ftocks both men and weomen without caufe, and for releafmge fome offenders for 
money, and permittinge fome others to efcape, afwell in this lords tyme, as in his 
fathers, which I alfo pafs by. 

iStctjarti Hay ward accufed about a ftolne peece of blew cloth, affirmed that iijm. 
hee bought it of Margery wife of Raph Slipp, which in the Court of this Lord in 
Radcliveftreet fhee denyed ; Whereupon the freefuters there gave iudgment vpon 
his life, and forthwith hanged him, without any tryall by Jury, againft the lawe and 
cuflome of England, for which falfe Judgem', the futors were now fined forty (hillings. 

2 c 2 ]^crc 



in recept : Scij. 



1^6 €|)e XibCitf of tfje S^crhdcpjef 1281 

extrad : itinerant f^ttC alfo at this Affifes was this lord fined twenty pound, and alfo five pound 

for an efcape of JuHan Eftmead out of his Caftle of Berkeley, and other the like, 
which I alfo pafs by. | 

232 ^Eblliontl Earle of Cornwall then Regent of the land in the kings abfence in 
m : 4. 5! Gafcoigne, by advife of his Councell, the twentieth of June in the fifteenth of 

Edward the firft, dire6led a Comiffion to his Juftices Itinerant then in their Circuit 
at Glouc ; comaundinge them that if this lord were not convi<5led of the offence, 
whereof before them hee was indifted and comitted to prifon. That they fhould 
accept of twelve knights and other good men for his bayle body for body to render 
himfelfe prifoner agayne at the kings comaund, and foe deliver him, with a mandate 
alfo to the Sheriffe at the fame tyme to deliver his fayd prifoner in bayle as afore- 
fayd : CfjC caufe I finde not. 

pat : 33. E: I. in £|^auncc eldefl fonne of this lord had by the grant of his Father (amongft 

other poffeffions) vpon his manage fixteene yeares nowe part, the Manor of 
Bedminfter by Brifloll, with the ftreet called Radecliveftreet adioyninge thereto as 
claus: " = H=^3 ^ member of his faid Manor; which ftreet by the Mayor and Inhabitants of the 
City of Briftoll was reputed as pt of theire Citty, And as farr as the vnited wifedome 
of a great Corporacon could extend, had obtayned of the Crowne to have it fevered 
from that Manor and County of Somerfett, and to ftand vnited to the Citty as 
divers records doe declare : ^^10 Maurice (then whom a more Martiall knight and 
of a more daring fpirit of the age of 24 yeares, the kingdome, nor fcarce the 
Chriftian world then had) held himfelfe, and much more the lord his Father, 
incroached vpon, and partly therby difinherited, and efpetially in the liberties and 
regalities which they claymed, and had long vfed to have therein; And about which 
many former queftions and quarrels had arifen : Maurice havinge the tyme and 
Matter alfo (as hee fuppofed) nowe fervinge addreffed his petition to the kinge, 
Shewinge, That whereas his Ma'!" had taken him, his men, lands, and goods, and 
all hee had into his proteftion and defence whileft hee was with him in Scotland 
in his Warrs, inhibitinge all men, vnder his Seale, for doeing to him any damage 
or wronge : Notwithftandinge, Thomas de la Grove of Briftoll and 23 others, (which 
in the record are named,) and many other Malefacftors and difturbers of the peace, 

233 called togeather | by ringinge of the Comon bell of Briftoll, in hoftile manner, came 
to his Manor of Bedminfter, affaulted and entred into and the doores and gates of 
his houfe brake, and his goodes to the valew of five hundred marks from thence did 
take and carry away. And violently refcuffed one Robert of Cornwall attached by 

the 



pars 
claus : 32. H : 3 



Uifc of Cljonia.^ tJjc ^cconb 



197 



the baylyes of him the fayd Maurice for the death of Jofeph Winchelfea there 
flayne, not permitting him or his men or Tenants to hold Court or to doe fuit to 
his Manor of Radeclivflreet, nor to diflrayne them for their defaults, nor him nor 
his, to buy or fell there, come, vidiualls, or any other wares &c. Jt)f)crrt)pon the 
kinge grants forth his Comiffion to Walter de Glouc. and Wittm de hello fago dated 
the xij'^ of March in the xxxiij'f' of his raigne, givinge them power and authority to 
enquire by a Jury of freeholders of Somerfetfhire of the truth of theis matters, and 
to determyne the fame. And to punifh as they found caufe. IDfjilt was done vpon 
this Comiffion I find not. 



pat: 33. E: i. pars. 
I. in dorfo. 111:9.10. 



25ut forthwith after, another petition was exhibited to the king againfl: this eodem. m. 10. 
Lord and the faid Maurice his fonne, by perfons worthy of Credit (fayth the record,) 
Shewing that they had vfurped to themfelves, fet and dominion, afwell in the flreet 
of Radeclive, and in the Towne of Briftoll, As alfo in the water of Avone, And had 
with great multitudes of Hors and foot, enforced the Burgeffes there to doe fuit to 
their Court of Radecliveftreet, and had beaten thofe that refufed ; And drawinge 
many of the Burgeffes out of theire houfes that refufed foe to doe, had caft them 
into a pit. And thofe wives and Maydes that came to helpe theire hufbands and 
miftreffes, did in fuch fort foe call and tread vnder their feet, that many of them 
were wounded and dyed : SCtlD afterwards meeting a bayly of Briftoll in Frampton 
vpon Seavern whoe defended the caufe of the fayd Towne, foe affaulted and 
wickedly wounded him. That fhortly after hee dyed 311n& howe afterwards they 
came to Tetbury fayre, and there with an armed rout of people, tooke and beat all 
that were Burgeffes of Briftoll there found, and imprifoned | and moft wickedly 234 
them there intreated : 3lnb further tooke from the fayd Mayor and Burgeffes three 
lewd theeves and wicked perfons, whom at Briftoll they had imprifoned, And by a 
Corrupt Jur)' at Somerton in the County of Somerfett caufed them to bee tryed and 
acquitted of the robberies that apparantly they had Comitted, And fo by fuborna- 
tion and praftife caufed them as honeft men to bee delivered 3(lnb furthermore 
entred vpon certaine Shipps being vppon their Water at S! Katherines pill within 
the bounds of the faid Towne expelling a faire wind, cuttinge theire ropes. Anchors, 
and Sayles, vnder color of diftreffes as though the dominion of that water to them, 
and not to the Mayor and Burgeffes of Briftoll, nor to his Ma'!' had appertayned. 

311nll at the fame tyme, was alfo a fecond peticon exhibited to the kinge againft membr. 10. p'di<ft. 
this Lord and his faid fonne S' Maurice, by Adam the Cheefmonger a Buro-es of 
Briftoll, (hewing howe this Lord, and the faid S' Maurice, W™ Parker, Clarke, and 

others. 



198 



€l)c Hibcjef of tijc 2£»crftclfpiBf 



others, had affaulted him in his houfe at Briftoll, beat, wounded and dragged him 
from out of his houfe, and caft him into a pit &c. 

mem : 10 predid. %\^tte at the fame tyme, William Randelfe late Mayor of Briftoll, by a third 

peticbn informed the Kinge, That this Lord and his faid fonne vfurpinge to them- 
felves ^et and iurifdi6lion in Radcliveftreet which is in the Towne of Briftoll, had 
taken and beaten divers men of that Towne becaufe they would not doe fuit to 
their Court, nor appeare there. 3IlnD that hee the Mayor defendinge the faid men 
and burgeffes, as hee ought, for the honor of his Ma'i'' and according to his Office, 
the faid Lord and Maurice his fonne, and 26 others (particularly named) at Dundry 
faire in the parifti of Chewe in the County of Somerfett, affaulted the faid Adam 
the Cheefeman, and brake his leggs in fuch pittifull manner that the Marrowe came 
out of his fhinne bones. 



lib : parliam' : in 

arce london : 33. 

E : t. fol : 107. 



235 



3llnD at the fame tyme at the parliament which began the xvj'!* of February in 
the fayd xxxiij'^ yeare of the kinge, the then Mayor and Burgeffes of Briftoll, 
exhibited their further petitions to the parliam', to have remedy of divers wrongs 
offered them by this Lord and | his fonne Maurice, fetting forth, I^oblC that by 
reafon of their Land which they have in the Streete of Radeclive in the Suburbs 
of Briftoll they have appropriated to themfelves Fee and Jurifdi6lion there to the 
difinheritance and prejudice of the kinge and his Crowne ; And doe attach and 
diftrayne the faid Burgeffes to anfwere before them in their Leets and Turns in 
Radecliveftreet and other Streets annexed, againft the State of the kinge and of the 
faid Towne : 3lln& moreover, becaufe the faid Burgeffes have not fuffered the fayd 
Iniuries, they have beat and evill intreated them, afwell within the fayd Towne, as 
without, foe that they have not bin able to goe out of the faid Towne to followe 
their marchandizinge. 3Ilnil efpetially they complayne and fhew. That William 
Randolph Maior of the faid Towne at Dundry fayre about nyne of the Clock, was 
by them and others by theire procurement, beaten, and, turpiter vulneratus, filthily 
wounded refiftinge the keepers of the faid Fayres, wherby they could not give 
fuccor ; SCtlll likewife for that they did beate and wound Wittm le Lunge the kings 
fervant as hee came from Glouc : towards Briftoll in the kings high waye ; %vii 
likewife for that they beate wounded and evill intreated Adam the Cheefmonger 
and William Brid twoe Burgeffes of the fayd Towne, becaufe they would not doe 
fuite to their faid Court, not ceafmg to Continew and doe the like contempts, 
iniuries, and damages, in all fayres and marketts adioyninge : 5llnD for that they 
tooke away out of the faid ftreet certayne men indited of Robbcrye and there 

imprifoned 



■ 32 1 Sifc of iJ:|)omaja( rljc «S»ccon& 199 

imprifoned, knowing theire Offences before the Coroner, And with force and 
Amies carryed them to their Manor of Bedminfler, and from thence vnto Somerton 
where by people vnknowne they were delivered, as though they had bene honed 
men, %ntx laflly that the faid Maurice tooke diftreffes in their Shipps adioyninge 
to the River of Avone, where none can diflrayne but onely the kinge by his 
Minifters, 31111 which were done, fay they, by this Lord and his fonne Maurice 
during the tymes the kinge was in his Warrs, whereof they pray remedy. 

Ita refponfum efl. The anfwere of the Parliam', was this, faith the record. 
Rex vult &c. The king will, That twoe good and (fenfati) found vnderflandinge 
men, togeather with the Conflable of Briftoll Caflle, | doe heare and determine the 236 
faid Complaints, And if any difficultye arife whereby they cannot determine with- 
out the kinge. Then they fliall make report at the next Parliam'. 

'CljC kinge wills, That John de Bottetort, William Haward, and Nicholas 
Fernebrand Conflable of Brifloll, bee affigned to heare and determine all the 
offences aforefayd in forme aforefayd. 

3llnd thereupon three Comiffions were the vij'^ of Aprill in the fame xxxiiij'? 
yeare made to them vnder the great Seale by dire6lion from the kinge and his 
Counfell : into which alfo was put Peter Malore an other iudge, belike at the 
further requeft of the one party. 

Cl)U^ were this Lord and his fonne rebutted with fower petitions in fleed of 
theire one. 

3Df)nt the fequell of this angry bufmes was, let the deed of this Lord Thomas claus. 34. E : i. 
inrolled in the Chancery dated the xj'!' of July the yeare following, tell in his owne 
words : Ci)at whereas his lord the kinge had pardoned him and Maurice his fonne 
and theire men thofe offences, whereof before John Botitort and his fellowe 
Juflices they were lately indifted in the County of Gloc:, and for which before the 
kings Councell they were after fyned at one thoufand markes, Hee nowe promifeth 
tp ferve the kinge in his prefent warre of Scotland with tenne Armed horfmen 
vnder his fonne Thomas or fome other fit Captayne at his owne Charges againft 
Robert de Brus and his Complices the kings enimyes, from S' Lawrance day next, 
(Anno. 34. E : i) as longe as the kinge fhalbee in Scotland in his owne perfon : 
To the performance whereof, hee binds himfelfe and all his landes, goods, and 
Chattells in England. I^eoce 



200 



€|)c %iXic0 of tf)t 25a:hdcpjaf 



Pat : 34. E : i . m : 

14. 

Trin:rec:cmrein 

thefaur. in Sccio 

34. E: I. 



obligacon yet 

remaynes in the 

Excheq^ loAuguft. 

237 



fl^CStC alfo the kinge himfelfe fpeakinge in his pardon dated the fecond daye of 
the fayd July in the fayd xxxiiij'^of his raigne, That whereas dile6lus confanguineus 
et fidelis nofter our welbeloved and faythfuU Cozen Thomas de Berkeley and 
Maurice his fonne and theire men were indited of divers mifdemeanors and Offences 
at Gloc : before John de Botitort and his fellowe Juflices for which hee and they 
were after fined to one thowfand markes before our Councell |15otDC for that hee 
is become bound by obligacon to ferve vs with ten Armed horfmen in our warrs in 
Scotland from Saint Lawrance | day next at his owne Charges, vntill wee enter into 
Scotland, and thenceforward whilefl wee fhall bee there perfonally, Therevpon wee 
pardon & releafe to him and them thofe offences and the fayd one thowfand markes. 



3|n which pardon the word (Cozen) from the kinge to this Barone makes mee 

alfo conceive the rayther, That his Mother the Lady Ifable in whofe right of bloud 

fol. [163] the kinge foe called him, was his Father kinge Henries Neece of lawfull difcent, 

and not bafe daughter of his brother Richard Kinge of Almaigne, as before is 

touched in the life of the Lord Maurice this Lords Father. 



carta : 4, 



E:3 
m:5. 



pat. 4 •• E : 3. 
pars. I. in dorfo 



Pat. 4 : E : 3 dorfo. 



511ntl to avoyd a fraction in an entire bufines, heare a little more what followed 
in the dayes of Thomas the third, grandchilde of this Lord Thomas the fecond ; 
3[lt the fourth yeare of Edward the third, the Mayor and Burgeffes of Briftoll 
obtayned a Confirmation of all their former Charters and liberties, and amongfl the 
reft, of the Charter of the xx.\j'^ of Henry the third. That Radecliveftreet fhould 
anfweare vnto and bee within the Jurifdiftion of the Burgeffes of Briftoll and noe 
where els : Whereat the Mayor and Burgeffes, feeminge to take encouragem', gave 
the faid Lord Thomas by their frefh infolencies iuft caufe to Complayne to the 
kinge; C{)at whereas hee had in certaine places within the Suburbs of the Towne of 
Briftoll amongft his Tennants and inhabitants there, the reformacon of the Affizes 
of bread and beere, pillory, trumbrell (fie), and other liberties. That the Mayor and 
Baylyes of the Towne and Cominalty there by ringing of the Comon bell, affembled 
themfelves togeather, and riotoufiy affaulted and wounded his Baylyes there. And 
with an Armed power deftroyed the fayd tumbrell and pillory ; And tooke John 
Hind his Bayly, carryed him to their guild hall, and compelled him to fweare not 
to execute any Judgements in the Courts there at any time after. HDflCtCbpott 
a Comiffion was fent to three Judges of the land to enquire of the truth of the 
premiffes by a Jury of the County of Gloucefter, and accordingly to Order the 
matter, dated the twentieth daye of Auguft : what became further thereof, I find 
not. Save that the xxvj'^ of December followinge, the Mayor and Cominalty' 

exhibited 



I32I 



Hifc of Cljomatf tf\c ^cconli 



20 1 



exhibited a petition to the kinge to have the grant of a leet in exprefs wordes 

within theire burrowe, wherein | it feemes, this Lord had found them defeftive ; 238 

which In the yeare followinge they obtayned for the fine of forty pownds, takinge Pat:s. E:3.m: 13. 

the advantage of tyme whilefl the fayd Lord was in trouble about the murder of 

King Edward the fecond in his Caflle of Berkeley, as followeth in his Hfe. fol: [350] 

^i^ 'Mmc^ oitti bctottoitie^ 

Cl^ Almes and devout guifts of this Lord to hofpitalls, monafleries, chantries, 
and other the Hke Orders of rehgion, were honorable, yet carryed, accordinge to 
the coolnes of that age, with a hand leffe extended then his Anceftors. 

<©ttC of the Abbots of S' Auguflines hath of him theis honefl Englifli wordes : Newl: pedeg. et 2. 
This good lord Thomas Lord of Berkeley gave many yefts to our Monaftery of S! Berkele'^'^'^'^ '^^ 
Augufhines, As in plate, veflments, and other ornaments to the valour of the plate 
— xxxij''- . iij'- . iiij**-. as it more largely appeareth in our mortiloge every thinge of 
his bequeft. Thus the Abbot. 



3£l0O by deed dated the firft of June in the xxxv'^ yeare of king Edward the carta in Caftro 
firfl, (wherein this lord caufed Maurice his fonne to Joyne,) they did, for the helth '^^ Berkeley, 
of theire foules and the honor of holy religion, confirme to the fayd Monaftery of CaRrodeBerkeley. 
S' Auguftines all the guifts and grants of Robert fit5 Hardinge and other theire 
Anceftors, with all theire rights, liberties, and free Cuftomes vfed, or not vfed : 
3Cnli further granted a veiwe of franke pledge of all the men and Tenants of the 
faid Abbot and Covent afwell free as villaines in all their Manors and lands within 
the hundreds and Manors of the fayd Lord Thomas and Maurice in the Counties 
of Glouc : and Somerfett ; And that they fliould have ftocks, cage, tumbrell, pillory, colliftrigia 
Cuckingftoole, and other Juditialls and caftigatories, and] executions of iudgments 
in all their Courts in their hundreds and Manors, except in the Towne of Berkeley, 
and to be altogeather exempted from the baylies and minifters of the faid lord 
Thomas and his fonne Maurice and of their heires. I 



trebuchets. 



Co the Abbot of Kingefwood this Lord, for the welfare of his foule, gave fower 239 
Acres of land in Wotton neer vnto their Monaftery and a quarr: of ftone at Combe ^'■"''''^ '" Caftro 
for the vfe of theire Monaftery : %nlX alfo confirmed the grants of Thomas de 
Afhleworth and others, of divers lands in this lords Manor of Hame, To hold in 
pure Almes ; whereto', Maurice, Thomas, and John, this lords fonns, (then knights,) 
are wittneffes. 

2D /^0 



de lierkeley. 
carta. 33. E: 1. in 
Caftro deBerkeley. 



202 



Cfjc Hitc^ of tlje 2£»crhckp^ 



Carta in Caftro ^0 the prior of S' Bartholomewes hofpitall in Glouc : and to the Fryars there, 

er e y. ^^^.^ Lord Thomas gave divers lands in Cowley ; 3t.ntl alfo releafed to them all the 

rents and Services which hee had from them for theire other lands in Cowley holden 

magna chartul. ^j- j^jj^ ^^^ which the fayd Prior granted that hee and all his Succeffors would 

de Berkeley, euery yeare for ever on the feaft day of S' Ambrofe and on the Morrowe after, hold 

withall folemnity the Aniverfary day of the lord Maurice his father and of the lady 

I fable his Mother, in pleno choro fuo in their full quire in their Monaflery, in 

Maffes, pfalteries, prayers, and all other benefitts and obfequies there vfed for the 

dead. 

5Ilnb further granted to performe the like for the Soules of himfelfe and the 
lady Jone his wife, and of S' Maurice their fonne once yearly after their feuerall 
deceafes. 

corap. de wotton, i^q the fryars Minors of Glouc: and to the fryars preachers, and to divers other 

temp: E: i. et E: 2. Orders of religion in Glouc: Briftoll, and other places, this Lord gave yearly duringe 

in Caftro de j^jg jjfg divers quarters of wheat out of the Severall graynaries of his Manor houfes, 
Berkeley. . 

to a very large proportion. 



Carta in Caftro de 
Berkeley. 32 E: i. 



CfjC prior of Stanley and his predeceffors were of old tyme accuflomed of right 
to feafl the Baylies and Tenants of this Lord and his Anceftors dwelling in their 
Manors of Cowley and Came, every yeare in harvefl tyme ; To the which feafl, 
(to the wronge and greefe of the fayd pryor and Covent, as they alleadged,) many 
did come fayninge themfelves to bee the faid Lords fervants, baylyes and Tenants, 
when they were not : Nowe this lord (I write the wordes of the Deed) out of his 
devotion to religion, pondering the great damage thereby done to the fayd pryor, 
will not hereafter permit the fame, 5finD therefore hee and the pryor nowe thus 
mutually agree, That the pryor and his fucceffors in lieu of the faid feaft, fhall 
henceforth give to every Reeve and Bayly of this lords faid Manors . iiij? yearly, 
And to every reaper of the fayd pryors corne iij^ And to every boy gatheringe vp 
the Corne . ij!^ And to every raker, i^ ob., by teftimony of the baylyes there for the 
tyme being, for ever every yeare : HDtjicI) pryory of Stanley was a Cell to the greate 
Monaftery of S' Peters in Glouc : | 



240 25cttoccnc which Abbot of Glouc: and this Lord and fixteene of his free Tenants 

Berkeir T • e'^T °^ Cowley, It was for the good of the faid Abbot and his Monaftery, agreed, touch- 
ing the Comon of pafture lyinge in Southfeilde, beetweene Cowley and Frocefter, 

(a Manor 



I32I 



Uifc of <Ct)oiiur!tf tl)c -ScfonD 



203 



(a Manor of the faid Abbots,) That the faid Lord and his I enants of Cowley and Magn : Chan : fol : 
T T If /r t 1 r 1-1 1-11 r ■ 206 in Caflro de 

Hullmancote, (for the love of peace and avoidance of all controverlies in tyme to Berkeley. 

come,) fhoiild peaceably comon withall their beads, (out of the clofe of the fayd 

Abbot and his Tenants,) in meadowe, paflure an-d arrable land in the faid feild in 

all places for ever, from lapleifbridg along barrowhills way &c. (boundinge the feild 

round about.) Qfinll likewife, howe farr the fayd Abbot and his Tenants fhould 

Comon, and where ; And how either of the faid two Lords and their tenants of 

their faid Manors of Cowley and F"rocefler, might at theire pleafure inclofe and 

keepe their grounds in feveralty. l]Dt)t(t) in this place, I the rather mention, in 

regard complaints of interruptions have come before mee by the Tenants of Cowley, 

as I have held the Courts of that Manor, And are like to kindle a fuite hereafter, 

which the knowledge of this Deed will quench and determyne ; both parts whereof 

remayne in Berkeley Caflle. 

'CijijSf lord gave to Walter Simonds his Chaplen for the terme of his life, all carta. 14: E: 2. in 

the lands and Tenements in poffeffion and revercbn in Came and Cowley which ^' 

hee had purchafed in ffee fimple of Margarett de Valers, togeather with his diet, 

chamber and lodginge, in his Caftle of Berkeley To the end hee fhould in all 

duties and fervices devoutly and canonically celebrate in the Chappie of his Caflell capella in Caftro 

. . . . de Berkeley, 

of Berkeley for the foules of Maurice his father, Ifable his Mother, and Joane his 

wife, and of his Anceflors and heires, and decently to keepe all the Ornaments of 

the faid Chappell : for which alfoe, hee fhould have his part of the Offrings of the 

faid Chappie with the other Chaplaines there : 5Cllb this was the lafl; pious AS. I 

find of this Lord done a fewe dayes before his death. 



%ViX (to conclude this religious title,) this In generall was this Lords pra6lice, diveriicomp:temp: 
That in certayne feftivalls of the yeare his Receiver or like Officer delivered, ad CaflrodeBerkeley. 
burfam dni in minutis argenti, to this Lords purfe, fmall peeces of filver, which at 
thofe feafts of Chriftmas, Eafler, Whitfontide, and fome others, hee liberally reached 
out vnto I the poore, 3(lntl, at his Maundy, once yearly, clothed many poore people; 241 
And many of thofe Accompts fhew vs this further faire frute of this Lords Charity, 
That each yeare almoft hee pardoned and gave backe to many of the poorer fort 
of his Copihold Tenants in all or mofl of his Manors, a great part of thofe dayes 
workes which by the Cuftome of their Copihold eflate they were of right to performe 
vnto him : %t6i in yeares of dearth and Scarcity, loaned to many of them (not able 
then to buy) wheat' and other corne out of his grayneries, to bee repayd in like 
kinde after harv'eft, when perhaps, the price was not at halfe the value, as at the 

2 D 2 tymes 



204 



€ife HitJcjef of tfiz 25crhricpjsf 



1281 



claus : 17. E : 2. 

m:3. 

eod. anno, m : 11. 

comp : recept : et 

miniflr diiifor 

maner. 2. 5. 9. 10. 

E : 2. et at : in 

Caflro deBerkeley. 



tymes of loaninge 9lln& for a further manifeftacon of his annuall and flandinge 
Charitye to poore widowes, and men, within his Manors, in food and rayment for 
the lyves of tliofe poore people, are the records and proofes marginally vouched, 
whereby they had reftitution thereof from the kinge, whoe had feized the faid 
Manors by reafon of his fonnes rebellion, and thereby with-held the payments for 
two yeares. 



a^i^ccnaimjS, or bariou^ pajfjafagcjef not agtip rcbuceb unticr anp t^t former titlejef 



Rot : efcuag : 3 1 
E : I. m : I. 



Littleton ten : 

cap : 2. 

Cookes infl.it : fo : 

19 

Cokes. 10. rep : fo 

Plowden com : 

lo : Berkeleys 

242 

and Willons 

cafe. 

fols: [187. 188] 



See 
before fol: [iJ 



3(n the xxxj'^ yeare of kinge Edward the firft, this Lord had his feverall writts 
out of the Chancery to the Sherifes of the Countyes of Devon, Somerfett, Dorfett, 
Berks, Wiltefli . and Gloucefter, to leavy to his vfe efcuage of thofe that held of 
him by knight fervice, and had not attended him in his voyages to the warrs. 

C{)ijeC Lord was prefent at the parliament called Weflminfler the fecond, holden 
in the xiij'^ yeare of Edward the firft, when the Statute of donis conditionalibus 
was enafted, foe remarkeable in all the volumes of the lawes to this day : The root 
of entayles, and the foundation wherevpon hee and the other great lords his Peeres 
in that parliament laboured to build vp their houfes | againfl heaven, without any 
alyenation by theire iffues, or forfeiture, or efcheate ; Removinge theire greife by 
that lawe, That tenant in tayle after iffue had, might alyen, contra voluntatem 
donatoris et contra formam in carta expreffam, againfl the donors will and the very 
forme of his Deede ; whereof I have fomewhat before fpoken and of the mifcheifes 
it hath hatched. And much more will the Marginalls infi:ru61:. ^Ulttl was alfo prefent 
at the parliament called Weflminfler the third, holden in the xviij'?" yeare of that 
kinge, when the Statute of Quia emptores terrar, (as remarkeable as the former,) 
was enafted, whereby thofe great lords mightily provided for themfelves, theire 
tenures, fervices, and profits, by fetlinge the free fervices of their free holders ; A 
lawe begun at the former parliament and nowe finifhed, as by the preamble 
appeareth : %titi theis great Lords havinge fmarted by writs of Quo warranto 
queftioning theire liberties, (whereof I have formerly mentioned five brought 
againft, this Lord for his part,) which becaufe they could not prevent, they were 
loth to endure ; This lord and the reft of his Peeres nowe alfo gayned vpon the 
Crowne by two Statutes, the eflabliflim' of theire liberties and franchifes ; the eafe 
and benefit whereof the pofterity of this lord hath relifhed to this day : As alfo 
they further did in the thirtieth yeare of kinge Edward the firft, by an accreffe to 
the former, of Quo warranto. 



%tCt 



13^1 life of <Jri)omaie( t!)c <ig>ccoiid 205 

5llnD three yeares after the xxi'^ of that kinge at the parliament then holden, at 
the inllance of the Nobles, as the preamble fliewes, was enac^led that fevere lawe 
againfl trefpaffers in parkes, warrens &c. whereby, (in this family,) was faved of 
late yeares, the life of James Harvey an vnderkeeper in new parke, who with a 
forker out of his Crofbowe flewe one Oliffe, As in the life of Henry Lord Berkeley 'ol = [^"1 
is after to bee read. 

3Iln& likewife was prefent in the xxxiij* and xxxiiij'^ yeares of that kinge, when 
were made the hufbandly lawes for meafuring of land, which holds to this day : 
3llnb againfl amortizement of Lands, to hinder the vaft growinge of the Clergy : 
3IIiUJ then wrefled a pardon for refufmg to paff over feas with the kinge in his 
warrs into Flanders, w'*" the denouncinge of a curfe vpon the breakers thereof, as is 
formerly touched in this lords forraigne imployments. | fol : |.!io] 

^S^vp other I find to have bene the imployments of this Lord in other Civill 243 
affaires, not before mentioned vnder any title, for the governm' of the Country, and 
determyninge of Controverfies in divers Countyes, which mofl yeares hee vnder- 
went ; divers of the cheefe whereof, theis vouchers will dire6l his pofterity vnto : 
viz! Paten : 26 . E : i . in dorfo / pat : 27 E : i . dorfo : / paten : 28 . E : i . dorfo : / 
pat : 6 : E : 2 . pars 2 . dorfo : /pat : 7 E : 2 . pars . i . in dorfo : / pat 9 : E : 2 . dorfo : / 
pat 10 E : 2 . pars . 2 . in dorfo . / And many of his Receivers and Miniflers accompts 
in theis tymes in the Caftle of Berkeley. 

l^ijef Wiie 

Cljifif lord by the care of the Lord Maurice his father, about the xxij'^ yeare of 
his age, and about the one and fiftieth yeare of the raigne of kinge Henry the 
third, what tyme Maurice his elder brother was livinge, tooke to wife the Lady 
Joane daughter of Wittm de Ferrars the yonger, Earle of Ferrars and Derby, and Hillar : 15. E:4. 
of Margaret his fecond wife, eldeft daughter and coheire of Roger de Quincy Earle plifch''i6 £14: 
of Winchefler, and of Ellen his firfl: wife, daughter and heire of Alan Lord of ""o'- 41° '" banco. 
Galloway in Scotland, in whofe right hee was Conflable of Scotland : which Joane 
was alfo fifter vnto Robert Earle of Ferrars and Derby, and of Wittm Lord and 
Baron of Groby. 25p her this Lord Thomas had iffue that came to ripenes of 
age, fower fonnes and two daughters, of each of whom, as followeth in their places. 

Cf)C portion fhee brought in mariage, was the Manor and advowfon of Cofton magn : chart : fo. 
in the County of Leicefler, which Robert her brother conveyed to her in tayle, BeJkeiev^ ° 

whereto 



2o6 



€l)c HibCiBf of tl)c ^exMe^^ 



Antiq : liber em 

Hen : Berkeley de 

wimond ha 

baronetto. 

Carta in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 

244 

Aflls : apud Hunt- 
ing : 56. H : 3. 



whereto the Earles of Winchefter, of Glouc: of Leicefter, and her vnckles Thomas 
and William Ferrars, were wittneffes, 31lntl had alfo the manor of Eynefbury in the 
County of Huntington, which the fayd Roger de Quincy Earle of Winchefler and 
Conflable of Scotland her grandfather, conveyed to her in ffee fimple before 
mariage, To hold by the fourth part of a knights ffee ; %n^ had alfo that | part of 
land which after in partition fell vnto her. 



divefi com pi in 
Caflro deBerkeley. 



compi de Hurfl. 

et at. maner : 

temp : E : I. in 



^'^CC proved a vertuous Lady and great' hufwife, and a wife overfeer of fuch 
houfehold aftayres as were proper to her fex and governement, as many paffages in 
the minifters accompts of her hufbands Manors, and houfliold officers, declare : 
fome of which doe intimate. That when fhee came to theis farme houfes (as often 
fhee did) to overfee or take accompt of her dairy affaires, fliee oftentymes fpent in 
provifions at a meale there, the valewe of iiij'' and iiij^ ob. whereof allowance was 
Caflrode Berkeley afterwards given to the Accomptant before her hufbands Auditor at the end of the 
yeare : And fometymes alfo a cheefe of two pound weight was at fuch a tyme fpent 
by her Attendants ; 5ilnll in fuch hufwifely courfes this virtuous Lady fpent a part 
of her aged and weake yeares vntill her death : 3Ilnll let none thinke this courfe of 
life a bafenes in this pious lady, derived either from her birth or praftife : The 
noblenes of her birth adds a luftre to all that fucceede in her pofterity ; And her 
praftife, (wifely weighed by the wife,) fuch as may bee a prefident for imitacon. 
Ci)i\t Lady, that out of the vanity of her owne tumor, holds herfelfe debafed by her 
infight into her . houfhold affaires, cafts herfelfe (with all wife men) into a lowe 
reputacon, and hir hufbands eftate into a confumption. 

3(n choyce of wife, it ever much doth lye ; 

To mend our felves, in our pofterity. 

SCnb it was not the leaft of this good Ladyes virtues, not to fuffer her owne 
opinion of herfelfe, to exceed in her owne eflimacon of herfelfe ; Knoweinge that 
moderation of fpirit, which is our indifferent efteeminge of our felves with others, 
doth comprehend the very excellency of all humanity, being the mofl noble degree 
in our nature, and the very next to the dignity of grace : Neither is there any 
morall vertue which more comendeth this fex to a generall eflimacon, whereof this 
good lady is a pregnant prefident. 



(Jarta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



5it nppcnrcjBf by Divers Deeds that in the xxvj'!' yeare of Edward the firfl, and 
in other yeares, this Lady by hir deeds contra(5led with Richard de wike and 
others, as if fhee had bene a feme fole : And for her feale conftantly vfed the 

pifture 



I32I 



Hifc of <rt)onmjflf tf)c ,i$rcou& 



207 



pi(fture of her felfe, holding in her right hand the Efchucheon of her Hufbands 
Armes, the Chevron without the Croffes, And in her left hand | the Efchucheon of 245 
her fathers family, fircumfcribed . S : Johannae de Berkelai. 

^IjfC was his love, his flay, his weale, his wife 

i^i^ comforter, his other felfe, his life. 



^Ct cititt yeares were weake and fickley, part of whofe Phificke for her better Comp : de Port- 
health, was fawinge of billetts and fticks, for which caufe fliee had before her death Berk, et alii comp. 
yearly bought certaine fine handfawes which Ihee vfed in her chamber, which '^i"- 
comonly cofl ij"^ a peece. 

%0 winter fteales the fap from tree and Flowre, 
Soe death comes creepinge nearer every houre. 

j^Cr phifitians were by the Journey of M' James her fonne, fetched from comp. de Came. 
Oxford, whoe departinge in the evening from Berkeley, lodged the firfl night at dg Berkeley, 
the Manor houfe of Came, where the horfes of their Company fpent a quarter of 
Oates. 

^t^et dyed the xix'!" of March. 1309 in the third yeare of King Edward the comp :de Cam: 
fecond, and was buried in the Monaftery of S' Auguflines by Briftoll, in the Arch Al'iciniitonV E- j 

betweene the Veflrj^ and the South He, after fhe had bene his wife, about 42 yeares. Newl : ped : in 

CallrodeBerkeley. 
311nD there her duft in pawne fliall ftill remayne 

CiU when the world diffolves, her foule fhall come agayne. 

Chrifto duce et offa refurgent : jpor whofe foule her hufband that yeare and 
in the next followinge, doaled ten quarters of Wheat and beanes in each of his 
Manors to his poorefl: bondmen tenants to pray for her ; 3iln& twelve yeares after 
layd downe his owne bones to reft by hers ; That as their two harts in life were 
tyed togeather with an entire amity, foe after death theire two bodies might feeme 
vnited in one vnity of Dufl and fepulture. 

I. <©f the mixt life of Maurice th'eldell fonne, I after write at large. 



Comp. de Alking- 
ton. 4: E: 2. in 
Caflro deBerkeley . 



2. SrijC fecond fonne of this Lord, was Thomas, whofe worthines afwell en- 246 

largeth, my pen, as for that hee is ftock-father of that honored family | of the Berkeley of 

Berkeleys of Wymondham in the County of Leicefler, where his male poflerity ^^'>™ondham. 
flourifheth at this daye . Anno . 1628. Mr Vincent 



208 



€l)c Uibcjar of tt\£ 25nrftdcp;sf 



1281 



Vincent fo : 206. M! Vincent in his learned booke of the difcovery of Ralph Brookes errors, 

(yorke herauld) printed 1622 . hath thus : Wittm de fferrars Earle Ferrars and 
Darby by Margarett his fecond wife had a daughter called Joane marryed to 
Thomas Lord Berkeley, who had by her Maurice lord Berkeley and S"^ Thomas 
Berkeley of Wimondham in the County of Leicefler, from whome S' Henry Berke- 
ley of Wimondham Baron' nowe livinge, Anno. 1621 . is difcended, As appeareth 
very plainly by the book of S' Auguflines in Briflowe. Soe Vincent. 



Rot : walHie: 23. 
E : I m : 4. 

comp. de Slim- 

bridg. 25. E : i. in 

caflrode Berkeley. 

pat: 24. E: I. m : 

19 bis. 

rot: protedt. 25. 

E: I. pars 2. m. 3 

et 15. 

pat: 24. E: i. m. 



3ft Ijfltl) already in the life of this Lord Thomas bene . touched, howe this 
Thomas, his fecond fonne, attended him in that martiall expedicon into Wales in 
the xxiij'.'' yeare of Kinge Edward the firft, what tyme hee was not above fowerteene 
yeares old, when the extirpation of the welfh name was intended by this martiall 
kinge, 5llnll howe hee was with his faid Father in the xxiiij'^ and xxv'^ yeares of that 
kinge at the warrs in Scotland, and at the feidge of Berwicke, where hee was 
knighted : ^n which Scottifh warre, this yonge knight S' Thomas loft his horfe, 
whofe colour is in the Record defcribed to bee, roucini favi cum capite albo et 
crifta nigra : A Dun Curtail horfe with a white head and black mane ; The lofs 
whereof the king the fifteenth of Auguft in the fayd xxiiij* yeare recompenced to 
this yonge S' Thomas with Eight markes eftimated to bee the price of the horfe, 
and with his knighthood alfo : 311nli for cleering of my tranflation of thofe two 
wordes (roucini favi) not found in dictionaries ; vnderftand. That roucinus is a 
borrowed worde, made latin, of the French word, rouffm, which fignifies a Curtail 
or ftronge ferviceable horfe for the warres. And favus is made latin of the French 
word faune, which fignifies a darke yellowe or Dun colour. And from thence, fauvea, 
fignifies in that language, a Dun horfe. 



Claus : 25. E : I 

dorfo 

rot : p'dict. pars. 3 

m: 2. et: 5. 

Comp. de wotton 

26: E: I. in caflro 

de Berkeley. 

247 



Original manufc : 

cu: wilto Neue 

de Afla(flon in 

Co: Norfolk. 



3lt hath alfo bene touched, howe this S' Thomas Berkeley, (for all records 
from henceforth foe ftile him,) was with this Lord his father at the warrs in France 
in the xxv'^ yeare of the fayd kinge, & wintred in Flanders : 5Ilnll howe in the 
xxvj'^ and xxvij'!' yeares of that kinge, hee went agayne with his father into Scotland, 
in which firft iourny was wonne the great battle of Faulkirke, where twenty 
thowfand | Scots were flayne; 311ntl howe hee was alfo with the faid lord his father 
and with his elder and yonger bretheren in the xxviij"" of that kinge, where alfo the 
yonge prince then was with the kinge his father, what tyme was the famous feidge 
and expugnation of the Caftle of Carelaverocke, held inexpugnable ; SUnlJ in the 
Catalogue of the 87 . banners then borne by thofe valorous Captaynes the bearinge 
of this S' Thomas in his banner, is defcribed to be, de goules od les roffets de 

argent 



%iic of Cl)oiiia? rt)c -fectonb 



209 



argent, e'un cheveron de Argent, as the originall manufcript o\ that tyme hath it ; 
which as a difference nowe firlt taken vp to dillinguilh amongfl theis three 
bretheren, hath with Htle or noe variation, contynued in the pofterity of this fecond 
brother ever fince : Jpot modernly his bearingc is blazoned to bee, gules a cheuron 
betweene ten Cinque foiles : 4 . 2 . one, two and one, Arg' 

5[t hath ahb bene touched, howe hee was with the fayd Lord his father and Rot:prote<5l. 3oet 

brothers in the fayd Scotiih Warrs in the thirtieth and xxxi"^ yeares of that kinge, jg' 

what tyme the Enghfh Army pearced quite through that kingdome and wintered Claus:3o. E: i.m: 

there 3llntl alfo in the xxxiiij'*" of that kinge what tyme the warre was more blouddy Hollingdi: Stow. 

towards the Scots then before, and the compkiints of theire hiftories more rufull : '^'^°J ^f '^ ^^'^''^ 

'■ et at: chron : 

And was agayne in that Scottifli warr with his faid Father in the xxxv'^ of the 
fayde kings raigne what tyme the kinge dyed there. 

3ilntl laftly it hath bene touched, howe this S"' Thomas was in the vij**" yeare of 
King Edward the fecond, at the great vnfortunate battle of Bannocks burrow, 
otherwife the battayle of Stryvelinge where the Englifh were overthrowne: whereat 
this S' Thomas with his aged father were taken prifoners by the Scots, And howe 
after his owne liberty obtayned, hee furthered thee freedome of his Father. 



3[t nowe behoves to cafl an eye a litle backe into this knights age of 
puberty : In which hee much delighted himfelfe in Hunting the Deere, hare, Fox, 
and goat, wherein himfelf and his next brother John, would lye out in the feilds 
whole nights, in michaellwood thicketts, then floared with goates, and in the parts 
of Combe, and Owfelworth, then overaboundinge with foxes, as more largely 
foUowes in my defcription of Berkeley | hundred. 3Ilnb alfo in runninge at the 
ringe, with other Haftiludes or fpear playes, as the Accompts of his Fathers houf- 
hold Officers doe call them ; 5illltl was alfo in his age of adolefcency the prime 
Mafter of his Fathers Falconry : ^i0 elder yeares were exercifed at Jufls and 
turneaments, a monthly exercife almofl in thofe flirringe dayes vnder foe A(5live a 
kinge : Mofl of his after-tyme was in the warrs againfl the Welfh, Scots, and 
French, as partly already hath, and nowe followes to bee further related. 



Comp. de Wotton 
et Alkington. 
diiifis Annis 
tempore E : i. 



248 



diuers : compi 
recept. et mmiftr. 
temp. E: I. et E: 2 
in Caflro de 
Berkeley. 



f^i0 great diligence for his fathers ranfominge and returne, feemes to have 

incited his fathers prefent fetling vpon him by feverall Deeds in the ninth, tenth, 

and xj'^ yeares of King Edward the fecond, the faide Manor of Cofton in the 

County of Leicefter, (except the advowfon,) And the faid Manor of Eynefbury in 

2 E the 



5 feueral. cartae 
in Caflro de 
Berkeley. 



2IO 



€tic %iMt^ of tJjc 25crhricp^ 



1281 



the County of Huntington, (wherevpon hee referved the yearly rent of a paire of 
guilt fpurs,) And the Manor of -Wike neere Arlingham, and the Manor of More- 
cote, and divers other faire poffeffions in Morecote, Hardpury, and in the parifh of 
Wotton, And ten markes yearely rent out of his filings in Arlingham in the County 
of Glouc: with fome others ; which fitting foe farr off, and not ayded by the private 
carta in caRro evidence of this flourifhinge branch, I perfitly difcerne not. One of which deedes 
de Berkeley, jp the xi'!' of Edward the fecond beares date at Wymondham, whereby this Lord 
his Father, (then being there,) conveyes to him and to Ifabel his wife and to the 
heires males of their two bodies, the faid Manors of Wike and Morecote, and ten 
Markes of annuall rent, rendringe to him one lamprey the lafl day of May yearly 
for all fervices. %t what tyme, as I gather, this S"^ Thomas then there maryed his 
fayd wife, being the daughter and heire of S' John Hamelin Lord of Wymondham. 



chartuU : manufc ; 
cu Hen : Berkeley, 
baronetto. 



Carta in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 

Finis levat : 12. 

E : 2. in CO : leic : 



249 

finis in banco : 
12 : E : 2. 



5l!nb neer the fame tyme, this Lord granted to Maurice his eldefl fonne, the 
Services of the fayd guilt fpurrs, and fuch others as hee had referved in his fayd 
Deeds made to this S' Thomas : which A61 of the old Lord father thereby to have 
an Atturnement of the yonger brother to the elder, and the elder brothers acknow- 
ledgment and acceptance of thofe fervices from his yonger brother in the life of 
himfelfe, (A like tender father to them both,) is | manifoldly remarkeable in foe wife 
a man, 311ull thus fetled. The next Michaelmas Terme in the fayd xij'^ yeare of 
King Edward the fecond purchafed to him and his heires, a meffuage and a 
Carucate of land in Wymondham and Thorpe of John Charneles a freeholder there. 



Rot : pat : 3. E : 3. 
pars : 2. m : 17. 



The laft viewe I can take of this Martiall Knight S' Thomas, is the xxvj'^ day 
of Oftob' in the third yeare of King Edward the third, the king then at Daventree 
at Northamptonfliire, what tyme the kinge vnder his great feale difpenfed with him 
from being made high Sherife or bearing any other office in the Comon wealth 
againfl his will, at what tyme this S' Thomas was about . 48 yeares of age. 



Rot : obCd : Calefij 2&Ut whereas Learned Camden, Clarenfieux, in a faire pedegree of this family 

■?■ of his owne colle6lion, hath out of the roll of the befeegers of Calais, delivered, that 
Pedegr : cii Eao • , t-i r 1 • 1 t- <- • 

Coke capitat this S' Thomas was prefent thereat, with a Banneret, fix knights, 32 Lfquires, 30 

Jullic : Angliae. ^j-chers on horfebacke, and 200 Archers on foot vnder his Comand, where hee 

dyed ; It is without all queftion a manifefl miflake. And feemes to bee occafioned 

either by the Identity of the name, for it was either Thomas Lo : Berkeley the third 

of that name, or Maurice Berkeley Banneret, of whome the family nowe of Stoke 

Gifford in the County of Glouc : is difcended ; whoe alfo there dyed duringe that 

Seidge, 



I32I 



Xiff of Cl)oiiin;ef rt)c ^ScconD 



Seidge, as after followeth, both whom had there, the like numbers, as alfo in their 

lyves followinge appeares : And befides this S'^^Thomas was dead before that 

Seidge, And his fonne S' John Berkeley inverted in his fathers poffeffions of 

Wimondham & the reft of his Manors and lands longe before : Of whofe honorable Rot: Franc: 20: E: 
-..,, ,rr ir i • rni 3- pars. i.indorfo. 

eltimation, 1 have alio from record, iomewhat to write as nowe iolloweth. 

Cl)C faid S' John Berkeley fonne of the faid S' Thomas and Ifable, the xxv'^ of Rot: franc: n. E: 
June in the twentieth of Edward the third, was the kings fworne fervant in Ordinary, ^ ^^''^' 
de retinentia domini regis, to attend his perfon in the French Warrs : IHinD the 
xxvj"" of Auguft that yeare was at the remarkeable battle of Crefcy with the kinge. 

-^0 this S' John and his heires the kinge the fifteenth of June in the xxj"" of his ^°''"'^' " ^'" "'■ 
raigne granted to have free warren in all his demefne | landes within the Manors 250 
of Wimondha, and Cofton in the County of Leicefter. 



Cl)tiSl S' John had to wife Elizabeth, And is often ftiled dominus de Wymond- 
ham, and was longe tyme fpetially imployed in matters of the peace and governement 
of the Countr)', SCiilJ in the five and fortieth of Edward the third was one of the 
knights of Leicefterfhire for the parliament that yeare holden, 5llnb in the xlviij''' 
yeare of that kinge was high Sherife of the Counties of Leicefter and Warwicke, 
3lintJ about the end of that yeare both hee and S' John Berkeley his fonne and heire 
(then alfo a knight) went to the warrs in France with Edmond de Mortimer Earle 
of March ; And dyed about the beginninge of Richard the fecond, as I conceive. 



2. cartas. 45. et 48. 

E : 3. in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Rot. claus: et pat: 

temp. E:3.inturre 

london. 

pat: 45. E:3.ps: I. 

m : 20. 

Rot. fin. 48 : E : 3. 

m : 6. 

Rot. Franc : 48 : 

E : 3. m : 9. et 10. 



3.ol)n Berkeley knight eldeft fonne of the fayd S' John, is in the xvij* of Rot. Fran: 17. 
Richard the fecond Leivtenant of the I fie of Gernefey. 3llnb in the xxij"^ of that ^- '■^■^■ 
kinge, high Sherife of the Countyes of Leicefter and Warwick vpon the death of m : 1. 
Adomarus de Litchfeild who dyed that yeare in his Sherivewike, whom this S' John 
fucceeded for the refidue of that yeare 31lllll in the fourth yeare of Henry the fourth Rot: claus. 4. 
is one of the knights of Leicefterfhire for the parliam', SCnD in the Seaventh yeare ^ : 4. dorfo. 
of that kinge is agayne made high Shereife of the faid Countyes of Leicefter and 
Warwick 3IIn6 dyed in the tyme of that kings raigne, whom Ifable his wife furvived, 
to whome Kinge Henrj- the fifth, the tenth of January in the third of his raigne 
granted a general pardon vnder the great Scale, And Lawrance his fonne and heire Rot : pardon 
fucceeded him in his inheritance, who fhortly after was knighted. ^ et 3. H : 5. 

CI)ije^ S' Lawrance Berkeley had to wife Jone whoe are mentioned in a fine Fin : 5 : H : 4. 
whereto they were parties in the fifth yeare of King Henry the fourth of divers '^ ' 
2 E 2 lands 



€fte %iMc0 of rt)e 25cchclcp^ 



1281 



Claus: 3 : H : 6. lands in the County of Leicefter, ^tnb in the third yeare of Kinge Henry the fixth 

° °' (then a knight) was a fuerty in three hundred pounds for S' John Graa to bee of 

pat: 14. H : 6. good behaviour towards his wife, 311nD in the xiiij'!" of that kinge was fpecially 

'^°^^°' imployde to take mufters and to Arme Soldiers in the County of Leicefter. | 



251 

fin. 18. H:6. m: 

21. 

Rot. claus. 20. H : 

6. dorfo. 



Rot. pardon: 24. 
H : 6: m: 32. 

Groffi fines. 36. 

H: 6. 

Efchaet : 36. H: 6. 



Rot: pat: 20. H:6: 

pars. I. et divers : 

.at: 

fin: 22. H: 6. m. 9. 

Rot. pardon. 24: 

H: 6. m: 32 et 30. 

H: 6. m: 14. 

Fin : 33. H: 6 m. 

22. 

pat: 36. H:6. m.3. 

Fin. 39 H. 6 m. 3. 

fin : 5. E : 4. m. 7. 
fin: II: E: 4. m. 5. 
pat: 9 E:4. pars i. 

dorfo. 
pat: II E: 4 pars i. 
pat: II E: 4 p. 2. 

m ; 4. 



311nD in the xviij'!" of that kinge was high Sherife of the Counties of Leicefter 
and Warwick, "JilnD, in the xvij'!" of that kinge purchafed all Richard Orgers lands 
in Melton Mowbray, Oleby, and Scalford. 

^CllD in the xxiiij'!' yeare purchafed all Wiitm Burgeis ats Meltons lands in 
Melton Mowbray aforefaid, ^\n which xxiiij'!" yeare hee had a pardon from the 
kinge by the name of Lawrance Berkeley of Wimondham in the County of 
Leicefter knight, late Shereife of the Counties of Leicefter and Warwicke, %nti 
dyed in the warrs in France in the xxxvj'.'" yeare of Kinge Henry the fixth leavinge 
Thomas his fonne and heire (knighted foone after the death of his father) to 
whome in his life tyme hee had conveyed his Manors and lands in the Counties of 
Leicefter, Huntington and Stafford. 

Ct)i^ S' Thomas fonne of S" Lawrance, was in Comiffion of the peace and 
publikely imployed in his Country goverment, neer twenty yeares before his 
father dyed ; ^tjill in the xxij* yeare of Henry the fixth fowerteen yeares before 
the death of his father, was high Sherife of the County of Rutland, 511nll in the 
xxxij'^ of Henry the fixth three yeares almoft before his fathers death was high 
Sherife of the Countyes of Leiceft and Warwicke 3llnll in the xxxvj'^ of the fayd 
Kinge Armed. 226. Soldiers in the County of Leicefter for defence of the king- 
dome, 3Cntl the fame yeare, as I gather, was knighted for that in the next after his 
ftile was changed, from Armiger, to Miles. 5(lnti in the fifth yeare of kinge Edward 
the fourth was made high Sherife of Cambridge and Huntingtonfhires, 5lln& foe 
alfo was in the xj'!" of that kinge for Rutlandfliire, ^tllb in the ix'!' and xi'I' yeares of 
Edward the fourth was fpetially trufted to mufter and Arme Soldiers in the Counties 
of Leicefter and Warwicke, 51lntJ the xiij"" of February in the fayd xj'^ yeare, the 
kinge for his good and faithfull fervice done vnto him, grants to him for his life 
twenty markes yearly rent out of the profits of the County of Rutland. 



■3(1 feemes by the full coherence of the records here marginald, That this S' 

252 Thomas was a very able gentleman, noe waye inferior to | the beft of his Anceftors, 

and ftrongly adheringe to the houfe of Yorke, And had to his wife Parnell the 

daughter of Wittm Mountford IBljom S' Maurice Berkeley his fonne fucceeded, 

who 



13-' llifc of Zl)oniati( ti\c .-^cfoiid 213 

who by Margaret his wife daflr of S' John Biron, had ifkie Thomas Berkeley knight 

and EHzabeth maried to S' W" Huffey cheeife Juftice of England, from whom proved by a Tomb 

many great familyes of opulent poffeffions at this day clayme to bee difcended. (Church 

lO^ttt) S' Thomas Berkeley fonne of S' Maurice firft marryed Marg^ daughter of 

Thomas de Lamere, by whom he had noe iffue 311ttD fecondly maryed Petronilla Proved by a 

daughter of Wittm Brokefby by whome he had iffue Maurice and Wittm And dyed h^n, Church 

in the third yeare of King Henry the Seaventh. 

C|)C faid Maurice by Margery his wife daughter of S' John Berrin had iffue 
John, who died in his Minority the twentieth of 06lober in the thirtieth yeare of 
Henry the viij'*' without iffue, feaventeen yeares after his Father : And Elizabeth 
after maried to Robt Pagenham Efq: who had iffue [ blank ] Pagenham, father 
of Robert Pagenham that died in the xxxvij'"' yeare of Queene Elizabeth, father of 
S' Henry Pagenham, that yet liveth . Anno . 1622. 

JDiHiaiTl Berkeley fecond brother of the faid Maurice dyed in the xxiiij'!" yeare 
of Kinge Henr)' the viij'!" leaving iffue by Mary his wife daughter of Robert Bawd 
Efquier, Maurice Berkeley, and others. 

CJjC jSfaib Maurice eldeft fonne of the faid Wittm, by Mary his wife daughter 
of John Hall Controller of Calais, had iffue S' Henry Berkeley of Wymondham 
aforefaid Baronet that now is, Anno 1628. A true lover of his noble race, whofe 
incouragements have much furthered theis ColleClions ; Nicholas Berkeley fecond 
fonne, yet alfo liveing borne 24 houres onely after the fayd S"^ Henrye ; And John 
Berkeley who accompanied S' Thomas Berkeley father of the nowe lord George 
Berkeley into Scotland vpon the death of Ouene Elizabeth, And purchafed of him 
Vpton farme by Tetbury ; And fhortly after dyed of the plague in Holborne in the 
fecond yeare of K James, 1604, leaving iffue two daughters, both fmce dead with- 
out iffu. The faid S' Henry Berkeley Baron', firfl marryed Katherine | daughter 253 
of Nicholas Beaumont Efquire, and widow of Anthonye Berron Efq :, and after 
marryed Elizabeth daughter of S' William Myn of Epfham parifh in Surrey knight,^ 
by neither of whome hee hath anye iffue. And nowe travelleth in his great climac- Anno 1629. 
tericall yeare of fixty three : 3llnb the faid Nicholas is yet vnmarryed, whereby if 
iffue male faile in them, then is this noble houfe bereaft of a mayne Arch and 
ornament, which for 300 and odd yeares by ten lineall difcents in the male line, 
without any flayne of Attainder, it hath bene beautified withall. 3. 5i0ljn 

1 Sir Henry Berkeley, created Bart. 1611, according to Sir Bernard Burke and Mr. Courthope, mar., 
^rsf Mifs Mynne zxiA. fecondly Katherine da. of Nicholas Beaumont of Coleoverton Co. Leic, relift of 
Anthony Byron, Efq., and, dying without iffue, the title became e.xtin(5l. We confider that Smyth, as a 
contemporar)' and from his intimacy with the family, mufl be regarded as the befl authority. [Ed.] 



214 



€l)c Hitoc^ of tl)c 2?n:ftdcp^ 



tre protedl : 3. 
34: E: I m : 

cartae in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 

Newl : ped : in 

CaRro de Berk. 



Magn : Chartull. 

fo : 20 : in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 



Ex orig : manufcr: 

cm wittmo le 

Neve de Afladlon 

in Com. Norff. 



Cartas in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 

Carta. 31. et: 33. 

E : I. in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Magn : chartul. 

fo: 47. et 57 

in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Carta in Caflro 
de Berkeley. 



3. S^Ofjn Berkeley the third fonne of this Lord was alfo a knight and divers 
tymes in the Scottifh Warrs with his Father and Elder brother ; And in the xxxj* 
yeare of Edward the firfi: tooke to wife one Hawifia. 25ut whereas Abbot 
Newland faith, That from this S' John is difcended S"' William Berkeley knight 
then lord of Stoke, and confequently Richard Berkeley of Stoke Efquier that 
now is, 1622, great-great-great-grandchilde of the fayd S' William ; It is not foe, 
neither is there any matter precedent, or fubfequent whatfoever, to warrant the 
Abbot herein, but more then forty Deeds and records to the Contrary which are 
vouched in theis colle6lions : for mofl certaine it is, That this S'' John dyed without 
iffue in the tenth yeare of King Edward the fecond, And both hee and his wife lye 
buryed in Wotton Church : wherein to give myfelfe full fatisfaftion, and thofe noble 
branches true notice of the roote that gave them fapp, and from whom they are 
extra6led, and hath coft me fome labor : And how ever I reverence that Abbots 
memory yet truth bids me tell his duft, this is the tenth error, at the leaft, which I 
have refelled in his coUecitions, And fhall almoft as many moe. 

Ci)ijS^ S"^ John vfed for his Seale the Cheveron and three croffes patees, circum- 
fcribed . S. Johis de Berkeley whofe bearinge at the famous feidge of Caerlaveroke 
Caftle aforefaid in the xxviij"" yeare of King Edward the firfl, (whereat were both 
the kinge and his eldefl fonne prince Edward,) in his banner, is thus defcribed. Sire 
Johan de Berklee, de goules a iij crois pates de or, e un cheuron de Arg[ The 
portion hee had for his livelode, were la Hame at Bradley | confirmed alfo by the 
Deed of his eldefl brother, divers lands in Berkeley parifhe, and twenty pounds 
Annuity by his fathers conveyance formerly mentioned. 3lln& when his brother 
James was invefled with fpirituall promotions, hee then granted to this John and 
his fayd wife by dire6lion of their father, all fuch landes as himfelfe had formerly 
bene poffeffed of by the feverall guifts of his Father, and by other purchafes in 
Egeton, Berkeley, Clapton, Hame, Came, Hurft, Wotton, and Durfeleigh ; All 
which the lord Thomas his father by Deed confirmed, wherto eleaven knights were 
wittneffes, then of his meiny* or houfliold fervants. I^ottlt 

1 This term is derived from the French tnaifnie or magnie, a family, troop, or the fuite of a great 

perfonage, in low Latin maifnada or mafifionata, is very frequently ufed by old writers. Thus in the 

Wicliffite verfion, Job, I. 3. is thus rendered : " His poffeflioun was feuene thoufand of fhep — and ful 

meche meyne" (/ami/ia multa «;>;//j Vulgate) See further Prompt. Parv. " Meny" — houfeholde. Halliwell 

gives "Meiny" a company of followers or houfehold attendants, and fays it is flill in ufe in the North of 

England. 

He had with him a meyne there, 

As he had EUys where, 

Of the rounde table Knyghtes alle. 

With mirth and joye yn hys halle. — MS. Rawlinfon, C. 86. [Ed.] 



I32I 



Hifc of Cfjom.itf tljf .^cconD 



2'5 



S)oU)C this S' John and his wife rcndrcd back their Hves to him that lent them, 2 cartac in Caft : 

dc Bcrlcclcv. 
A Deed of the Abbots of Kingefwood dated on wednefday after the feaft of S' 

Gregory, Anno. 13 17. in the xi'I'of king Edward the fecond, fhall declare; whereby Magn : chartul. 
the Abbot and his Covent doe grant. That in recompence of the ymenfe benefitts ^ ' . o . 20. 
and large Almes (immenfa beneficia et largas elemofmas) given vnto them by 
the faid S' John Berkeley and Hawifia his wife, fpnne of the illuftrious Lord 
Thomas of Berkeley lord of Berkeley, their foules fhall partake of all ecclefiafticall 
benefitts done and to bee then after done in their monaftery; And that from thence- 
forth two Maffes by two of their Monkes fhall every day bee fayd for their foules, 
and the foules of theire fathers and mothers, and all their kindred ; And alfo two 
other maffes every Month, by other twoe Monkes in Wotton Church where now 
the fayd John and his wife lye buryed ; 3finl> that the day of theire deaths fhall be 
written in their mortiloge, And their Aniverfary dayes yearly obferved, 5llnl> that 
the Solemnityes of theire devotions fhall in the Eve of their Aniverfaryes bee 
begun by feaven Monkes with, placebo, dirige, and all the fpirituall coUedls : Jpot 
performance whereof they bind themfelves vpon the perill of their foules, witnes 
the faid Lord Berkeley, whofe feale the Executors of the faid S' John did obtayne 
to vfe to this agreement : Thus the Abbotts Deed. | 

Z\)C ngC of this S' John may bee gathered to bee about forty at his death, for 255 

that his father gave him, 32 yeares before, an hors which cofl five fhillings when Comp:dePortbury 

hee began to ride vpon the downes of Portbury: fifteene whereof hee was maryed, de Berkeley et a™ 
but leaft noe iffue. 

4. '^amc0 the fourth fonne of this Lord, was bred a ^coller vnder the Abbot comp. miniftrof in 
of Kingefwood five myles from Berkeley Caftle ; from whence hee went to the 28 E:i.etalii. 
vniverfity of Oxford, where hee proceeded Do6lor of Divinity. 

J^CC was prefented to the parfonage of Chewe in Som'fetfhire which I thinke 
was his firfl promotion. 

©i^ next to the parfonage of Slimbridge in the hundred of Berkeley of his Claus. 10 : E : 2. 
fathers prefentation. > ^°^°- 

Then to the place of a Channon of Hereford. 



Cl)C twentieth of March in the xj'!* of King Edward the fecond the kinge in Rot; Romai. n. 
his behalfe wrote a very gratious letter to the pope, callinge him, confanguineum E^ ^- "i- '*• 

fuum 



2l6 



€l)e %i\yt^ of ti)c 25crhclcp;ef 



1281 



fuum, et facrae theologise do6lorem, quern generis nobilitas, literarum fcientia, et alia 
virtutum et meritoru infignia multipliciter recommendant ; His Cozen and doftor 
of divinity, not more noble in bloud, and excellinge in learning, than adorned with 
other virtues and good workes ; That his holines would gratioufly heare his fuite 
and affent theirto : 3lnD when the kinge from Rome was advertifed by this James 
That his fuit found noe foreward paffage. The kinge the xxix'^ of July foUowinge, 
writes his fecond tres to the pope in his behalfe, preffmge his requeft the more 
earneftly, becaufe hee was his Cozen, and withall foe learned and worthy a man. 

Ct)iiG^ learned Doftor feemes not to have read Walter Mape, whoe in the next 
age before, wherein himfelfe lived, had from his owne experience thus taught of 
the Court of Rome, And therefore fped thereafter. | 



256 

Gualter Mapes 

temp : Jotiis in 

bibl : oxon. 



Baleus, defcriptor 

Anglicanis cantur. 

3- 



In hoc confiftorio, fi quis caufam regat, 
Suam, vel alterius ; hie imprimis legat ; 
Nifi det pecuniam, Roma totum negat, 
Qui plus dat pecuniae, melius allegat : 
Romani capitulum habent in decretis, 
Vt petentes audiant, manibus repletis : 
Dabis, aut non dabitur ; petunt quando petis, 
Qua menfura feminas, eadem tu metis. 
Cum ad papam veneris, habe pro conflanti, 
Non eft bonus pauperi, foli favet danti. 
Roma capit fingulos, et res fmgulorum, 
RomanQTum curia non eft nifi forum. 



Nor thofe of Robert Goftred, that godly bifhop of Lincolne. 
Eius avariciae totus non fufficit orbis ; 
Eius luxuriae meretrix non fufificit omnis. 



Bap : mantuan 
ecloga. 5"* 



Nor thofe of Mantuan the Roman poet. 

Si quid Roma dabit, nugas dabit, accipit aurum ; 
Verba dat, heu Romae nunc fola pecunia regnat. 



If Rome give ought 'tis toyes, it takes our gold 
Gives vaine falfe wordes, now onely coyne doth hold 
the fway at Rome, &c. 



Nor 



I 



1 32 1 5 iff of Cfjomajtf tfjc ^ctoiUi 

Nor thofe of the fame poet 

Vivere qui fanft^ cupitis, difcedite Romd. 
Omnia cum liceant, non licet effe bonum. 

Who would live holily, from Rome away, 
You may not there be good, all els you may 

Nor thofe of the fame Poet 

I, pudor in villas, fi non patiuntur eafdem 
Et villae vomicas, vrbs eft iam tota lupanar 

Pack modefty to Townes, vnles (noe newes,) 
Townes have fome fores, the City is all ftewes | 

Nor thofe of Pafquill to Rome 

Roma, vale, vidi, fatis eft vidiffe ; revertar, 
quum leno, aut meretrix, fecurra, cinaedus, ere. 

Oh Rome farewell. It contents mee to have feene thee 
Returne I will, when baud, or whore, I meane to bee. 

9In the xiij^ yeare of that kinge hee was made Archdecon of Huntington. 



217 



Mantuan libr. 
Silvar 



Idem in eodem 



257 



pat : 15. E : 2. m : 
29. 



3[n the xiiij'^ of that kinge hee was admitted to the prebend of Writlinge in pat : 14. E : 2. 
the free Chappie of Haftings in Suffex. P^^- ' m : 18. 

%Vii about the fame tyme, became a Channon of Exeter. pat: 15. E: 2. m : 

29. 

311n& the vii]"" of January in the twentieth yeare of Edward the fecond, the Pat : 20. E : 2 m : 
kinge fignifies to his Efcheator of that County, That M: James de Berkeley being ^' ^' '^ 
a Channon of the Church of Exceter is now Chofen Bifhop there, whereto both 
the Archbifliop of Canterbury and himfelfe have given confent, And accordingly 
now reftores him to his temporallities. 

€t^ kinge havinge the xij* of December before declared to the faid Arch- 
bifhop. That hee had given his confent to his eledlion of Bifhop being both a 
Dodlor of divinity and a Chanon of Exceter. 

C!)C patent roll in the xlviij* yeare of Edward the third, tells vs. That Walter pat : 48 : E : 3. 
Bifhop of Exceter dyed the fifteenth of Odober in the twentieth yeare of Edward ^ ' ^' 
2 r the 



2l8 



€1)0 HitJCjS of t!)c 2?crhricpief 



ftn: I : E: 3.111: 



258 

Comp. manerij de 

wotton. I. E : 3. 

in Caflro de 

Berkeley. 



the fecond, And that the See was vacant till the nynth of January followinge, quo 
die rex cepit fidelitatem magiftri Jacobi de Berkeley in Epifcopum ibm, on which 
day M' James de Berkeley did fealty to the kinge for his Bifhopricke of Exceter, 
311nD that hee dyed on Midfomer day the xxiiij'^ of June after ; wherevpon queflion 
aryfes betweene the kinge that then was Edward the third, and the Executors of 
the faid James, who fhould haue the rents that day dewe and payable ; which the 
kinge himfelfe willinge (fayth the record) to doe what is iufl, yealds to the Executors 
of this James, who was buried in the Cathedrall Church of Exceter, | And for the 
holynes of his life was reputed a Saint, as may bee gathered from the Aft of the 
lord Thomas Berkeley his Nephewe and heire, who in the end of the fame yeare, 
went to Exeter, And vpon his Aniverfary day the xxiiij'^ of June, in honor of S' 
James de Berkeley (foe called) offered at his Tombe and largely diftributed to all 
the Orders of Religious houfes in Exceter. 



Catal. of Bifliops <Df this James Do6lor Godwin in his Catalogue of Bifhops writeth thus ; 

E^uni fo'406" S'fll^irjei Berkeley was the xvj'^ Bifhop of Exeter, difcended of the noble houfe of 
the Lord Berkeley, and confecrated the fifteenth of March . 1326 . by Walter 
Raynold Archbifhop of Canterbury at the Comaundm' of I fable the Queene. The 
Pope very angry herewithall, did foe revile the Archbifhop, as hee dyed for greefe 
& anger foone after : neither did the newe confecrate Bifhop flay long behind him, 
for hee dyed alfoe the xxiiij'^ of June followinge : A man reputed very godly and 
wife ; Hee was buried as fome fay, in his owne Church, But others deliver hee 
never came thither at all. Thus Godwin. HDJ^o alfo in the life of the faid Arch- 
bifhop, fayth, That hee beinge by Queene I fable of whom hee greatly flood in 
awe, comaunded to confecrate James Berkeley elected Bifhop of Exeter, hee did 
foe ; but for his labor was foe threatned, taunted and reviled by the pope, (that faid 
hee had referved the guift of that Bifhopricke to himfelfe,) as for greefe and anger 
togeather hee dyed. 



catal : predi(5t 
pag : 129. 



comp. de Hame 

1 E : 3. in Caflro 

de Berkeley. 

Aflis : et ptita 15. 
E : I. rot : 40. 



259 

Comp.de Alkingto 

7. E : 2. et divers. 

at: in Caflro de 

Berk. 



5. 3'?ablt» I fuppofe, dyed vnnmaryed about the tyme of her brother S' 
James his death ; And for her exhibition had from her father and eldefl brother, an 
Anuity of fower pound per Ann which at that tyme ceafed ; And had alfo divers 
Lands in Alkington wherein fhee exercifed part of her hufwifry : Shee alfo pur- 
chafed fower markes Annuity of Robertt Bradflone out of his Lands in Bradflone 
and Came for her life : More I finde not of her. | 

6. 3l9ar(jarct likewife dyed vnmarryed. And was afwell joyntly with her fifler 
I fable, as after her fiflers death, a Carefull Overfeer in her fathers houfkeepinge in 
his widdowhood ; which is all I can fay of her. JSi^ 



I32I 



Eife of €J)oma^ ttjc J»cconlJ 



219 



^010 ^Ci\\c of ^Lcnicji 
^10 lord was conftant with his Scale of Armes, which (in effetl) hee never 
changed : 311ub the firft Lord that affumed into his Coate, the ten Croffes, which all 
his porterity doe beare till this day : His Scutcheon hee fupported at firft with two 
flyinge Serpents, which after hee changed into Mairemayds, without any greate 
note of difference : Miter or Creft hee vfed none at any tyme : His feale, (leffe in 
diamiter then any of his Anceftors,) was circumfcribed, Sigillum Thome de Berkele, 
whereof I have feene a greater number then of all his former Anceftors. 3Cn& as 
touchinge the ten croffes firft borne by this Lord Thomas, (croffes of honor and ni^^Hp^cui^Rico 
priefthood,) I read antiently thus : Quiim plurimi per vniverfum orbem chriftianum, S' Georg milite, 
et in Anglia 60000 hominum Chrifti militiae fe confecrarent, et fufcepto voto nTodoCirrencieax. 
militandi contra infideles in terra fancla, cruce fignarentur, multi nobiles in rei 
memoriam, cruces in clipeos gentilitios inferuerunt ; quo tempore, vt produnt, 
Berkeleij has decern cruces patentes in avitum clypeum inferuerunt ; That is, what 
tyme many throughout the Chriftian world, and in England threefcore thowfand 
men vowed themfelves to a Chriftian warfare in the holy land againft the Infidels, 
figning themfelves with the Crofs ; vpon that vow taken, many noble men in 
memory thereof affumed croffes into theire Coates of honor, what tyme, it is 
beeleved, Berkeley tooke into his Anceftors bearinge, (or fheild) theis ten croffes 
patent, or formes/ 



260 

comp : Receptoris 
4 1 . E : 3. in Cafl.ro 
de Berkeley. 



l^crctn alfo I am more confirmed That fuch was the vowe of | this noble lord, 
by the Accompt of his great grandchilds Receiver the Lord Maurice, in the one 
and fortieth yeare of Edward the third, who then by a lingringe ficknes, perceivinge 
his dayes growinge neere an end, (though himfelfe vnder thirty eight,) And his 
fonne and heire but fifteene, And to bee the kings ward, And thereby the more 
vnlikely That either of them fhould difcharge theire Anceftors vowe of goeing 
into the holy land ; The faid Lord Maurice delivered one hundred pownds to S' 
John Veell Knight, ad tranfmeandum verfus terram fanftam pro anima antecefforis 
domini, to goe to the holy land for the foules reft of an Anceftor of the faid Lord 
Maurice ; which Journy to performe, the Lady Katherine Berkeley widowe became 
bound by obligacon or the faid S' John Veell a neere kinfman of hers : 3Cnll in 
this Accompt alfo the faid Lord Maurice gave twenty pounds more to Richard 
Englifti, in Almes, to fpeed the Journye into the holy land. 

Ipisf licatf) anb place of buriall 

3tn that have life muft loofe it, All that have breath muft leave it : The day Newl: pedegree 
of death is not to bee difpenfed with, which whileft one houre by contynuall r ^,f\^° '^^ 
2 F 2 ^ Pattde or form^e. fucceffion 



220 



€tic Hibcjf of t!)e 25crhdcpiS 



Efchaet:i4. E: 
2 Somerfet. 

261 

Comp. de Port- 
bury. 14. E: 2. 



Vetus manufcr: in 
CaflrodeBerkeley. 



fucceffion is added to an other, the laft clofeth this Lords life at Berkeley Caflle on 
the xxiij'^ of July Anno 1321 . in the fifteenth yeare of Kinge Edward the fecond, 
(fixteene dayes after the kings entrance into that yeare of his raigne,) And the fifth 
of September following was (with the attendance of his fonne and heire) buryed in 
the fayd Monafterye | of S' Auguflines by the body of his wife, in the Arch betweene 
the Veflry and the South He, then neer the age of 76 yeares, whereof hee continued 
Lord forty yeares three Months and fomewhat more : <!Dnc of whofe Chaplens may 
feeme to have honored his memory and defervings with theis rymes, not vnagreable 
to the rithmicall poetry of that tyme. 

While th'ulke lord liv'd 
All thinge by his powre, 
Was in gay plight : 
For gile was hidde, 
good peace was kidde,^ 
And honefty had might. 



Efcaet. in turre 

14. E: 2. in Com. 

Somerfet a° 46. 



Baronia. 



Efchaet. 15. E: 2 

pofl mortem 

Tho: de Berkeley. 

fol: [187] 

262 

Orig : 15. E: 2 in 

Sccio 

Pafch : rec : 4. 

E : 3. rot : 7. et 8 

in Sccio. 



^10 \anti0 tofjcrcof f\tt bpcb ^d^cti 

jpOt manifeftacon of the lands whereof this Lord dyed feifed, there onely 
remayne two Inquifitions in the Countyes of Gloc : and Somerfett, mentioninge the 
Manors of Portbury with the hundred of Bedminfter, which with the Caflle and 
hundred of Berkeley, and the Mannors of Came, Hame, and Wotton with their 
hamletts, and other lands and Tenements, which (fay thofe records) the faid Lord 
Thomas had in the faid County of Gloucefler, are holden of the kinge in Capite, 
per Baroniam, by three knights ffees for all fervices ; And that Maurice was his 
fonne & heire forty yeares old and more, both of thofe Offices refle6linge the one 
vpon the other: '^n which Inquificbn found in the County of Glouc :, is leaft to 
pofterity the memory of thofe dayes workes, which the Copiholders of thofe 
Manors (called villani) then yearly performed, whereof I have formerly written in 
the life of this Lord ; jfoc which barony and Manors the fayd Maurice in | Augufb, 
(the Month after his fathers death and wherein his Offices were found,) doth his 
homage, and fueth livery, j^otobctt by reafon of his fodaine fall and imprifonment, 
his releefe was nyne yeares after vnpayd, as in the life of his fonne the Lord Thomas 
appeareth. 



1 " Kid," made known, difcovered. (A.S.) 
This felkouth mithe nouth ben hyd, 
Ful fone it was ful loude Aid. — Havelok, 1060. [Ed.] 



1 32 1 jllifc of iCIjomnjtf tijc .^cconb 221 

^tjc application aiiti \}^c of I)i^ life 

1. Each aftion in each title alonge the life of this noble Anceftor is a prefident The vfe. 
of fingular vfe to his pofterity : Of whom I may confidently affirme, not to have 

found in readinge Plutarkes lives, any one of thofe illullrious Grecians and Romaines, 
therein compared, in each refpedl and parralell, to have exceeded this worthy peere, 
wantinge onely a Plutarke to have delivered him to pofterity : iJJot knowinge whether 
to bee firft to praife him for thus liveinge, or to call vpon his pofterity to imitate his 
life. 

God hath his Soule, the world his admiration, G: B; id eft Geo: 

-ru u- Ai r' D u- • •. ^- now lord Berkeley. 

1 he poore his Almes ; G. B. his imitation. ■' 

l^firtjcr have I otherwife fhewed the life of this Lord to his pofterity. (though I 

have long walked in the paths thereof,) then after the Manner of Geographers, 

whoe note great rivers with fmall lynes, and mighty Cityes, with points : Or as 

thofe widdowes (hewed to Si Peter part of the Coates and garments which good Adls : 9 vers : 36. 

Dorcas made whileft fhee was with them, As I, a fewe of this Lords noble wayes 

whileft hee was with vs : 25ut let his owne workes praife him in the gate : for of 

this Lord it may bee faid in his generations, as the holy ghoft faid of Kinge Jofiah, p 

like him there was noe kinge before him, neither after him arofe there any like. 2 Kings - 23. 

For worth this Lord deferves to dwell 

In an immortall chronicle 

And fit it were each line of his life fhould bee, 

A laftinge piramis, built to his memorie. | 

2. ^Ugainc, from the vowe which this Lord made to have gone into the holy 263 
land in ayde of the Chriftians, prevented by his death, this family may obferve the 
religious obedience of his fonne and grandchild, who held not themfelves quieted 

in peace of confcience, till that pilgrimage and iourney in the perfon of others., at 

theire charges, was perfo[r]med : Therefore accordinge to Gods promife to the Jeremiah ch: 35 

Recabites for obeyinge the precept of Jonadab theire father, That there fhould not ''^^^' ' ' '^' 

want a man to ftand before him for ever, viz' his pofterity fhould contynue and bee 

in favour with God for ever, will likewife, I truft, remayne with this family for like 

eternity. 

3. 3Il0ainC, As it cannot be gathered from any writeinge or meamoriall. That 
Jone the Excellent wife of this Noble Lord at any tyme of her 42 yeares manage, 
ever travelled ten miles from the manfion houfes of her hufband in the Countyes 
of Gloucefter and Somerfett, much leffe humered herfelfe with the vaine delights 

of 



222 



€l)e %i\ic^ of tljc ^ctMc^^ 



Anno. 1630. 



of London, and other Cities : Soe I wifh that her Sweetnes of difpofition, her 
freedome from pride, the familiarity of her carriage, her affability, humility, and 
moderation in all fucceffes and affaires, and never thought her fliadowe one fpan 
the more fpreadinge, for her owne parentage, or the growinge of her hufbands 
power and reputation, may bee honored in all the generations of this family, and 
bee of imitable vfe to all that fhall fucceede her : To whofe defervings my Pen can 
offer this onely fparke of her Charafler, in fteed of Sacrifice, whileft fhee was, to 
declare in part, what fhee was : And to wifh my felfe had loft all my gramer learn- 
inge, to alter but one Tenfe, And either to fay fhee is : or that fhee, that nowe is, 
is as fhee was. 



Folios 264 to 

270 inclufive 

are omitted 

between the 

firfl Vol. of 

Manufcript 

andthefecond. 



The end of the firfl volume (MS.) contayninge the lyves of the firfl 
feaven Anceflors of this family of the Berkeleys, wherein . 254 . 
yeares are taken vp, (viz') from the firfl of Wittm the Conqueror 
Anno. 1067 . till the is"" of Kinge Edward the fecond Anno. 
1321. 



fim^ €l^onia ^ccim&i 



erijc fftfc of mmxut tl)c tl)irli 2,1 

€!)c %iie of Maurice lord Berkeley the third of that 
name, fliled in writings, Mauricius de Berkeley dns de 
Berkelee, nnD Mauricius de Berkeley filius Thome de 
Berkeley dns de Berkeley, SdiiD, dns Mauricius de Berkeley 
dns de Berkeley, SCitb, was a lord and Peere of the realme 
twelve years in the life of his father. 
3CnI» may bee called Maurice the magnanimous. 
<jrontcmpocani with Edward the fecond from ; 132 1 . to 1326 
W^ose life I lay down under thefe fifteen titles, (viz*. ) 

I. — j^i^ birth and education — fol : 272. 

2. — f^et became father of a fon under 14 — fol : 272 . 273. 

3. — J^i^ forraigne imployments and rebellion — fol : 274. 

4. — J^i^ mifcellaines, hufbandryes and hofpitalities — fol : [290] 

5. — J^i^ wives — fol : [293] 

6. — j^ijtf iffue — fol : [295] 

7. — ^Scrhricp of Stoke Gifford — fol : [jii] 

8. — 25nrhricp of Bruton — fol : [317] 

9. — ^Crhclcp of Boycourt in Kent — fol : [318] 
10. — 95crftdfp of Bradley — fol : [319] 
II. — 25crhclfp of Shropfhire — fol : [320] 
12. — ©ijei Seale — fol : [324] 
13. — fj^igi death and place of buriall . fol : [324] 
14. — 1$i^ lands whereof he dyed feafed — fol : [325] 
15. — CllC Application and ufe of his life — fol : 326. ( 



2 24 



€t^e EibcjS of fitjc SBcrhricp^ 



1321 



272 



Math : Paris 
fol : 204. 



Efchaet. 15. E. 2. 

N?46. 

in arce London. 



Cartae in Caflro de 
Berkeley. 



^' 



273 



i^i^ 25ittl) anb »iEburation 

CC that hath obferved this family from y^ death bed of y^ laft lord and caft 
his eyes upon the heir of the houfe then ftanding by, might have faid ttltta 
canam, I'le tell a wonder, occubuit fol, nox nulla fecuta eft. The fun hath 
fett, but noe night doth follow: A father hath leaft his houfe and family without any 
alteration of Dignity, eftate, Servants, or government ^triti if the moral Philofophers 
had not taught, that hee only is happy that cannot be miferable, I would have 
judged this lord, whofe life I now take up, to have entred with the greateft 
happinefs, and to have been in the moft affured felicity of all his anceftors : t)otDbctt 
fuch are the uncertaine turnings of mans life, that fuddainly fuch a black cloud 
overcaft that happy eftate wherein this lord was leaft as no beam of clearer fortune 
appeared faire duringe the refidue of his life, whereof I nowe begin to write. 

3if thofe two records of Inquifitions in the Counties of Gloucefter and 
Somerfet, found by this lord after the death of his father have this lords age aright, 
to whofe beleefe I am alfo tyed by other obfervations concurring, (And he beft 
knew his own age that fett it down,) Then was this lord Maurice born in the year . 
1281 . being the ninth of King Edward the firft, and near the month of Aprill 
wherein his grandfather the lord Maurice dyed ; 31illll was by his father the 
laft lord Thomas marryed at eight yeares old in the 17''' of that King, to Eve 
daughter of Ewdo lord Zouch and of the Lady Millicent de monte alto his wife ; 
and was by her made father of Thomas his eldeft fon before hee was fourteen years 
old himfelf : Neither was his wife above that age which I am as unapt as any to 
give faith unto : ]potDl)Ctt when I fee and handle this lords birth in y^ ninth year of 
King Edward the firft. And find him to be marryed in y° Seaventeenth of that 
King, and himfelf but fourty years old at y^ death of his father in the begining of 
the fifteenth year of King Edward the fecond. And when hee himfelf dyeth in May 
in the Nineteenth year of the fayd King. Anno 1326 . and leaveth Thomas his faid 
fon and heir then thirty years old and upwards, (all which by their offices, deeds 
and other evidences [ appears very manifeft,) I would gladly think otherwife, but 
Truth will not permit mee. 



2. Kings. 23. 26. i&Utablc is that of King Jofiah, whom y' holy fcripture doth affure us to be but 

thirty nine years old when hee dyed : That at eight years old he began to reigne, 

and 



1326 



Xifc of 2l9tiuricc tljc Cf)irl> 



225 



and raigned one and thirty years, and fith, (as the text fayth,) his fon Eliakim was 
twenty five years old when he began to raigne after his fathers death, Then could 
not Jofiah exceed fowrteen yeares when his fonne was born. 

3'n like fort we are affured by the fame holy Authority That King Ahaz lived 2 Kings ; 16 : 2 
but thirty fix yeares in the whole. That hee was twenty years old when hee began 
to raigne, and raigned Sixteen years. And that his fon Ezechias was 25 years old 
at his fathers death : Then it muft needs follow that Ahaz was marryed and begat 
Ezechias at Eleven years old or before. 

3[n like fort it is generally taken by Jewe and Chriftian, (and but fewe think j Kings. 11:42 
otherwife,) That Solomon came to his crowne at twelve years old, and the Text etch: 14. vers. 21. 
faith hee raigned but fourty, And foe dyed at fifty two : And when Rehoboam his 
fon, who imediately fucceeded his Father, began to raigne, hee was one and fourty 
years old, then could Salomon bee but Eleven years old at moft when he begat 
Rehoboam. 



31 apjptobc not of this match of this lord Maurice, by the examples of the 
former matches, with any defire that the nuptiall bed fhould foe foone be known ; 
but by inftanceing thofe of authenticall verity, to lett in efier beleefe to what I find 
of this lord : IBitf) whom my fmall reading could parralell more then a dozen other 
parents which have been fathers and mothers at fowerteen years : 5linb the Fathers 
of the Church do tell us that the bleffed Virgin Mary brought forth our Saviour at 
fifteen yeares old or under. | 

J^i^ fonraignc implopmcntjsf anb rcbdiion 

CIjC whole life of this lord was martiall, whereto his youthfull mariage, and the 
timely knowledge of his wife were no impeachments ; Neither can greater mag- 
nanimity of mind and fpirrit be obferved in any of his ranke and time, as the whole 
portraiture of his life doth prefent. 25rtiniin^t(T neer to Briftoll was his firft feat," 
where and at Naylefey neer adjoyning from the time of his mariage till about 
twenty years of age, hee much frequented thofe downs in all martiall exercifes, 
runing with Launces, haftiludes, Spearplays and the like, futable to thofe a6live 
times : ^OC year paffing wherein hee went not to publick Jufts and Turneaments, 
to Worcefter, Dunftable, Stanford, Blith, Winchefler, and other places. 

Cf)0$ie Young yeares foe paffed hee entreth into publick aftion, And as foon 

became a man, a father, and foldier, ripe in martiall affairs as in humane condition 

2 G may 



274 



Compi de 
Portbury et 
Bedminfler. 18. E. 
1. et at : in caflro 
de Berk : 

divers : compi in 
cafl : de Berkeley, 
temp : E. I. 



226 



CJje Hi^jfiEf of rtjc SBcrhricpjf 



1321 



pat: I £: 2. pars. 2. 

m. et 6. E. 2. 

pars. 3. m. 9. 



may bee expefted ; ^citijct have my reading obferved any man encompaffed with 
flefh and bloud, tha,t did fooner prefent ability in martiall kind, then this lord : Sl^ucl) 
of whofe life, with mod of his martiall imployments, offices of ftate, and places of 
Judicature, and of greateft trufi; in the Common wealth runing out in the life time 
of his father ; |^onc (whereof any former mention hath been made) I will againe 
otherwife repeat, Then that fuch were his fervices in y' Welfli warrs, where firft hee 
looked Mars in y' face in y' 23'' year of King Edward the firft. %V^ in the ffrench 
warres two years after in the five and twentieth of that King, in that Army over 
which his father the lord Thomas was Conftable, continuing the winter following 
with the Army in fflaunders. And in the firft and fixt years of King Edward 
the fecond. 



275 



SCnll fuch alfo were his fervices in the Scottifti warrs in the . 24 . 26 . 27 . 28 . 
30 . 31 . 34 . and 35'^ years of King Edward the firft 5llntl in the .2.3.4.6.7. 
8.9. 10 . II . and I2'^ years of King Edward the Second ; 3@I)CtCin from after 
the firft year of that Kings raigne, hee was ever fomoned and fent unto as a Baron 
and Peer of the Relme dureing his fathers life time : gca it fometimes fo happened 
in I thofe rolls of Sommons, as well for the warrs, as comeings to parliaments and 
the Kings great Councells, That his name was ranked before his fathers. 



de Mafton in 
Com Norf : 



3It nowe remaines (which formerly is not written) to add That in the great 
Ex origin raanufcr voyage made againft the Scotts, %vit at y= Seidge of the Caftle of Caerlavarac ats 
Karlaveroke was this lord in the year 1300, whofe banners in the manufcript 
Cronicle of y' great mufter of Edward y' firft in the 2 8"^ of his raigne, then at 
Cardnell in Scotland, and ready to march upon the Seidge of that ftrong caftle is 
in thefe old French meeters thus defcribed, in honour of thofe famous befeidgers 
whereof this lord is reported to have been one of the boldeft Captaynes, then in 
the nyneteenth year of his age. 

E Marices de Berkel^e 

ki compaigns fu de cele al^e 

Baniere o't vermeille cum fane, 

Croiffilie o vn chieviron blanc 

oil vn labile de afur avoit 

pur ce ke fes peres vivoit 5lntJ Maurice of Berkeley 

who was one of this winge, had a red banner with holy croffe, & a white Cheveron 
with a labell of Azure, for that his father was alive : meaning (as the original! 
witneffeth) That hee was in the fourth battallion with the Prince of Wales, then 
feaventeen years old, and newly bearing Arms. CI)C 



1326 life of a^aurifc rt)c rijirlJ 247 

CfjC twentieth of July in the fixth year of King Edward the fecond the King pat. 2:E. a. 01.25. 
granted to him the cuftody and government of the Town of Gloucefter, and fole 
Confervator of the peace there, %tit) heard and determyned complaynts in criminall "de in dorfo. 
caufes, fuch as were comitted in that Town and the liberty thereof. 

C!)C l8'^of Aprill in the 8'?' of his raigne, the King comitted to this lord Rot. Scotiae. 8. E. 
Maurice, the cuftody of y' caftle and Town of Berwick upon Tweede with full ^ j 
power to order the affaires of the fame, as may ftand with the Kings honor, and claus. 9. E. 2. m : 
the fafe cuftody therof, as hee fhall fee beft caufe to doe ; Wherein hee continued 
till the I8'^ of May in the year following. !31nll therewith another Comiffion, to all 
the Captaines, Soldiers, Officers and People to bee ayding & obedient to him in all 
things. I 

3[n which doubtfull tyme foe neer after the great overthrow of the Englifh by 276 

the Scotts at Bannocks burrow, called the battle of Strivelinge, when every week it Claus. et rot. 

was e.\pe(5led to bee affaulted or befeiged, to confider his great care and diligence predid. et m. 6. 

in his difpatches with the King and his Councell, for Armour, munition, victuals ^' 7- 

and men, for the defence of this foe important a peece, {Jic place ?) witneffeth y° 2. m. 6. et 8 E. a. 

opinion conceived of his valour and wifdom, to bee rightly levelled. dorfo. 



%v3i the firft of May in the year after. The king writes to his Trefurer, That Claus. 9 E. a.m.;. 
in regard this lord had of his own goodwill undertaken the Cuftody of y' Town and Claus. 10 E. a. m. 
Caftle of Berwick, (when belike none other would,) as by Indentures between them 
was agreed. Therefore the King gives him fix hundred pounds out of the next 
wardfhips that fhall happen after Michaelmas next, befides that Thoufand pounds 
which hee hath received for the aforefaid keeping of Berwick wherein alfo his great 
diligence and labour in prefervation of that peece is commended by the King. 

311nb the tvventyeth of July in the Tenth of his raigne, writes to his Chamber- Claus. predidt 
laine of Kermerden, how by bill under his hand, hee had promifed to pay to this ^' ^°' 
lord late governour of Berwick — 46 5'! 6? 8*^ in recompence of his horfes loft in his 
fervice. Now requiring him That of the money in his hands, hee forthwith do pay 
it ; 3IlnlJ herein is fett down the coulour and price of each horfe, and the names of 
each of this lords Knights, Efquires and men that rode them;^l31nD amongft the reft 

is 
1 We will add from the Roll the names of a few of the Knights and Efquires who rode the horfes : 
Adamus Martel, fcutifero. Jacobus de Wilton, fcutifero. 

Johannes fit Nicholai, fcutifero. Johannes Danyel, fcutifero. 



228 



€I)c Hibc^ of t|)c ^etMt^^ 



1321 



is fll^Uticc, the fecond fon of this lord, then about Seaventeen years old, of whom 
the Berkeleys of Stoke by Briftoll are difcended. 

Rot. fin. 9 E. 2. CijC Twenty fourth of June in the ninth of his raigne, the Kinge granted this 

"• *• lord the office of Juftice or prefidency of Wefl Wales and South Wales, and the 

cuflody of all the Caflles in them being, with like Commiffions to all Captayns, 

Soldiers, Officers, and people, to bee aiding and Obedient to him in all things, as 

before. 



Rot. Scot. 10 E. 2. 

Rot. Scot. 1 1 E. 2. 

m 4. 12 et 16. 

277 

claus : II. E. 2. 
m: 19. 

code in dorfo. 

Rot. Scotiae : 11 : 
12 : 13 : E : 2. 



fin: li.E. 2.m. II. 



310 the Tenth year of Edward the fecond, this lord upon the Kings comaund- 
ment raifeth one Thoufand foot in Weft Wales where hee was Jufticier, and bringeth 
them to Newcaftle upon Tyne | with. 200. others rayfed out of y^ foreft of Dean, 
and one hundred out of y^ land of Gower in Wales ; 3IlnD the 8"" of September 
following being in the Eleventh year of the faid kings raigne, the kinge fends 
againe to this lord reciting his former diredlion for the one Thoufand foot out of 
weft wales. And now dire6ls him to come fpeedily in his own perfon with them to 
Northalerton in Yorkftiiere the munday after S' Matthews day at fartheft 5Ilnb at 
this time went with him his two fonnes Thomas, and Maurice : from which offices 
in Wales this lord was removed the feaventh of Oftober after, for his greater pre- 
ferment as followeth. 



Rot. vafcon 13. (^]^e 28'^ of February in y^ 13* of his raigne, the King graunts to this lord 

et 14: E: 2: m. 12. jy^^^^j^g^ i^y ^^le name of his well beloved cozen, the office and regiment ^cncjtfcl^alitfia 
tlUtatUiCf 3tquitailiaE, of the Stewardftiip of y' Dutchy of Aquitayne, with all things 
membr : predid. to y' office appertaining And at the fame time writes to his Conftable of Burdeaux 
fignyfying That with the faid office hee had given his faid cozen . 2000".- Turon p' 
ann for his wages, 31lntJ requires alfo that hee have all his charges and expences 
borne, as often as hee goes to y° parliaments or Courts of the King of France, or 
any whither elce out of his faid Stewardfhip, And what was foe paid ftiould be 
allowed to him upon his accompt. 



Radulphus de Manda villa, fcutifero^ 
Johannes de Paulefheye, fcutifero. 
Thomas de Nova villa, fcutifero. 
Johannes de Mautravers, milite. 
Dominus Mauricius de Berkele, milite, filius. 
Thomas de Wynterburne, fcutifero. 



Adamus Martel, fcutifero, poflea. 
Johannes de Swonhongre, fcutifero. 
Johannes fit. Nicholai, valetto. 
Rogerus de Brokele, valetto. 
Thomas de Baa, valetto. 
Fulk de Penbrugges, valetto. 



Thomas de Gurney, valetto. [Ed.] 



1326 



Hifc of iH^aurifc rtjc C!)irD 



229 



%nb two days before his patent was fealed comands his Treafurer to deliver to Alloc: et lib. 13 
this lord whom hee had appointed to bee his Steward of Gafcoigne and Aquitayne, 
one hundred pounds as part of his ffee. 



5CniJ the y'*" of March following as hee was on his Journey thitherward the 
King at Canterbury grants him a generall protection from all Effayes for a year 
following, And foe likewife for his two fonnes Thomas and Maurice, And for 
Thomas de Bradflone, John Mautravers the yonger, and other of his friends and 
fervants whom this lord took over with him : 3lnll leaft alfo Thomas fonne of 
Thomas de Berkeley his fecond brother and Richard Salle to be Attorneys in their 
abfences for them all. 



pat. 13. E : 2 
m : 14. 



3[t is formerly touched howe alfo this lord Maurice was at each of nine or ten Rot. Parliament 
Parliaments after the firft year of this Kings raigne for fowerteen years before the i^'^^'. ' *' *" ^'^^ 
death of his father, whither hee was fomoned by fpeciall writts to confult amongft 
the peeres and Nobles of the | realme ; 3lllltl was atlually thereby a Baron and peer 278 
of y' realm. And as hath already in part, and will more fully afterwards appear, had 
now in lands and offices a great eftate to maintaya that dignity, not inferior to his 
fathers; maintayning a houfe and port, each way anfwerable, as after will be declared. 



3llntl it is further to be obferved, That befides the truft and Authority of the 
Commiffion for prefervacon of y' peace (not then as now, proftitute to y' ambition 
of Inferior perfons,) wherein likewife from y' firft year, of this King Edward the 
Second hee was fpetially trufted in y'= Counties of Gloucefter, Somerfett, and fome 
others, hee was alfo imployd and graced in many other Comiffions of Honnorable 
imployment and Truft, as appears. 



pat: I. E. 2. pars. i. 

pat. 7. E. 2. ps. I. 

dorfo. et pars. 2. 

dorfo. 

Rot. Scotiae. 8. E. 

2. m. 4. 



3ilttJ, which I accompt as one of the Kings greateft favors and fattisfa6lions to 
this high foaring lord, (confidering what heavy and Ignoble meafures this lord and 
his father had about feaven years before received by the clamorous purfuit of the 
Burgeffes & Town of Briftoll, (with an unanimous malice then confronting them, 
as in his fathers life is declared^) which the King now beftowed upon this lord, was 
That when inteftine uproars and rebellions were at this time raginge in y' Town 
of Briftoll, between the Mayor, Burgeffes, Commons and Conflable of the Caftle, 
wherein one half were for fome years rebellioufly in Armes againft the other, many 
flayne, and twelve Burgeffes banifhed by the greater fa6lion : Cljat now the King 
after his mandates had by thofe mutinous Tounfmen been doubly contemned, Some 

of 



fin. 6. E. 2. m: 4. 
claus : 6. E. 2. 
m: 8 : 15. 
pat:6. E. 2. pars. i. 
m: 13. 14.20.22.27. 
eodem ps : 2. m. 

7- 13- 

claus: 7. E. 2. m: 

vlt. et in dorfo. 

pat : 7. E. 2. pars. 

i.m: 8. et in dorfo. 

bis. 

pat. 8. E. 2. pars. 2. 

m: 7. 8. 10. 

fin. 9. E. 3. m : a. 



230 €l)c %i\ie0 of t|)c ©crhdcp^ 1321 

pat:9.E. 2. pars:2. of his commiffioners fent under the authority of his great feal to inquire of their 

HI * 2 7 3X XSLTSG 

claus : 10. E. 2. m: confpiracies, infurre6lions & murthers, taken & imprifoned, Ci)C Caftle of BriftoU 

n. et in dorfo. by theis mutineers affaulted and forts by them built agfainft it ; 5llftCC the power of 
pat: 10. E. 2. pars I. / 11 

m : 3. 30. 35. three Counties brought by their feverall Sherriffs fufficed not to appeafe them ; Co 

pat:n.K2.pars.2. p^^ke I fay the father Comiffioner to enqiire of all thefe and divers the like offences ; 

pat:ii.E.2.pars.i. ^ntl, (after Seazure of the Town into the Kings hands and many fent to y' Tower,) 

Dat6 E 2 Dars'2 '^^^ fonne, this lord, CUi^tOjSt of the faid Town and Caftle and thereby their Judge of 

in dorfo. life and goods : (for Simon Ward was but his creature and by his means fo placed,) 

in dorfo ^^^ ^^ '^ were on purpofe to give y' Town & people into this lords mercy or Juftice, 

either to honour himfelfe and his father in forgiving, or to revenge themfelves by 

270 punifhing upon foe juft & fuperexorbitant new | offences : I)aVltn0C hereby in their 

hands and power as well all their old enemies, as whom els, freinds or foes to 

execute their wills upon : 25llt mercy moft prevailed ; The whole tragedy and 

progrefs whereof, my marginall quotations doe declare. 

claus 17. E • 2 Sft I cannot but remember on the other part, That when this lord, a few years 

m: 14: 15. 16. after the lapping up of thefe broyls, was fallen into the difpleafure of the king by 

pertakeing againft Hugh de Difpenfer the younger, and comitted prifoner to 

Wallingford Caftle; That Richard Tilly then Mayor and thefe Briftollian Burgeffes, 

out of an inveterate hatered and remembrance of former paffages with this lord and 

his father, foe malitioufly (and covetoufly withall) drew into queftion all and what- 

foever they in the leaft degree could fprinkle any fufpition upon to have leaned 

unto or adhered in fervice or otherwife to this lord, committing them to their comon 

nat.i7.E. 2. dorfo. goales, and otherwife fo ill intreating them, (for their Efcheats fake alfo,) as the 

code. pars. 2. prifoners obje6led, That upon their juft complaints fpetiall comiffions were awarded 
m. 30. et in dorfo. "^ •" * -^ ^ 1 xr • 1 1 • • 1 i 

under the great feale to two of the Judges of the Kmgs bench to mquire by Juryes 

of the County of Gloucefter of the caufes of thefe comitments and of the faid Mayor 

and Burgeffes unjuft pillages made upon them : whereupon eight, ten, and more, at 

a clap were bayled and difcharged, and many found to have been unjuftly committed, 

to the Mayors great reproof for wrongfull punifhment inflicfled upon innocent men. 

'CljUjef and upon thefe faire termes ftood this lord with the King, (whofe Spetiall 
favour hee feemed to have at his imployment into Aquitayne,) as hath been faid, 
from whence twelve monthes after his departure, hee return'd about ffebruary in 
the I4'^ year of his raigne : howe the quarrell arofe between Hugh Spencer the 
younger, Earle of Gloucefter, and him (which was his overthrow) I find not : how- 
beit if the return of that Commiffion were extant which was in the time of this lords 

government 



1326 Hife of a^auricc tfjc Cljirb 23' 

government granted to Hugh Spenfer the elder, and the lord Baldefmere, to inquire 
of all officers niifbehaviours in Aquitayne, perhaps it might declare the root to fpring 
from thence; or whilft the King was that year in France about his hom[a]ge to the 
French King for this Dukedome ; 25ut difcontented this lord was, as too many 
others of greater note then himfelf then were, not only with the faid Hugh Spencer 
the younger, but with his father | alfo Hugh Spencer the elder, Earl of Winchefter, 280 
yea with the King alfo and his government, and with the power thofe two Spencers ^^ i/E^2m'"ii 
had under him, whofe unlimetted greatnefs overawed and fwayed all others : how- 
belt the good old lord Berkeley, (even then in ftouping towards his tombe,) ^ot. fin: 13: E. 2. 
perceiving the martiall bent of this lord his fone, into whofe hands and difpofition 
(as well he might) hee had put both himfelf, and in effedl his whole eflate divers 
years before, by wife divertions (as much as in decrepit age hee might,) kept this 
lord his fon from breaking out and from openly pertakeing with other difcontented 
lords, (then enterd into a kind of Rebellion,) fo long as hee lived ; As well may be 
perceived by the tres and meffages that in the lad year and [ blank ] months of his 
life, came from the Kinge to himfelf, and to this lord his fon; 23ut the faid lord 
Thomas dying the 23'' of July following which was fixteen days after the Kings entry 
into the fifteenth year of his raigne, (as hath been faid,) this lord Maurice became a 
proffeffed enemy to the faid Hugh Spencer the Sonne : And contained not himfelf 
any long time after before hee joyned in Armes with Mortimer, Audely, Gifford 
and other lords againft the Spencers, ^ntl, as Hollingfhed faith, with neer. i2CX)0. HoUingelh: 
men came with The Kings banner fpread unto Newport where they tooke the 
Caflle that was Hugh fpencers y" younger, and divers others of his, flew many of 
his Knights and men, and tooke many of them prifoners and ranfomed many, and 
burned three and twenty of his mannors in thofe parts in wales ; In which outrage 
they continued fifteen days, 3tlltl then came with their Army into England, where 
they did him the like damage, And fent the King word by the Bifhop of Canterbury 
that they would not defift till they had driven the Spencers out of the land, %v^ 
ads further, that they did more damage y" the former to the mannors and lands 
of Hugh Spencer the father in thirteen Counties, with extreame havocke and 
Spoyle. 

31 have in thefe relations propofed to my felf to bee more direfted by matter 
of record then by the vulgar chronicles when they vary from record either in time 
or matter, Zakt therefore the firfl hoftile and rebellious a6ls of this lord and his ^^^"^'' ^^' ^' '' 
complices out of a manufcript a6l of parliament in the fifteenth of this Kings | raigne, 281 
never printed, which fetts forth howe Hugh le Difpenfer the fon fuffered moft 

greevous 



232 



€i)e HibfiBf of tJjc 23ctrftricpie! 



1321 



Rot: parliament. 

21. R. 2. pars. 2. 

m : 6. 



Parliament at 
weftm. 14. E. 2. 



greevous oppreffions, being with the King and in his fervice and office of Chamber- 
layne, by Roger Mortimer the unkle, S' Maurice Berkeley, Hugh de Audeley, and 
others, who with their retinues, came upon him on wednfday after the feafl of y' 
invention of the holy crofs (then the eighth of May) in the 14"' year of King Edward 
the fecond, at Newport in wales, with . 800 . men of Armes with baner difplayed 
with the Kings Armes and their own, and with . 500 . light horfe and ten thoufand 
foot, enterd upon his Caftles and Towns, flewe his men in Wales, and imprifoned 
others of them, tooke away his Armour and Viftuals to the Value of two Thoufand 
pounds, and took and burned his evidences to the value of two Thoufand pounds 
more. And took away threefcore breeding mares with their iffues of two years old, 
two eftalons, 160. Bullocks, 400. beofes, 500. kine with their iffues of two years old, 
1 0000 . fheep, and . 400 . hoggs, and burned his granges and farm houfes, three and 
twenty mannors, (named in the record,) And fo fetts down other fpoyles, w'^ then 
by them were done : 3£nll likewife Hugh le Difpencer the father fhewes, howe the 
fame power and perfons on S^ Barnabe day, (the 1 1"" June,) in the fame h'*" year of 
King Edward the fecond, in like fort Spoyled his manors of Beefeley, Fairford, 
Letchlade, and fifty others in the Counties of Gloucefter, Wiltefs, Dorfett, Souttiton, 
Berks, Oxon, Bucks, Surry, Huntington, Leicefter, Yorke, Chefhire, and Warwick, 
And tooke away of his. 28000. Sheep. 1000 Oxen and Steers, 1200. kine with their 
calves of two years old, 2000 . fwine, 40 . Tunns of wine, 600 . bacons, fower fcore 
carcaffes of beofe, 600 . muttons in the larder &c. to his damage of Thirty Thoufand 
pounds ; and came to the Abby of Stanley and there tooke out of his Coffers one 
thoufand pound, and 1000" in plate. And enterd Marleborrowe Caftle, And thence 
carryed away of his woole, cloth, croffes of gold, Ivory and other ornaments, and 
out of his Wardrobe there to the value of Six thoufand pounds. And caufinge people 
by force to rife and obay them, came to Weftminfter, And at the Parliament then 
there holden (at midfomer in the faid 14"" year of Edward the fecond,) caufed him 
and his fonne to be Banifhed and difmherited. 



282 

Parliam'. York 15. 

E. 2. 

Rot. pari. 21. R. 2. 



31Illb in conclufion affigne the errors comitted in thofe proceedings in | that 
parliament which are here allowed and the former reverfed as being againfl the 
kings honor and Juftice, and done by evill counfell. IBljicl) are alfo to be read in 
the parliament rolls of the ai'*" year of Richard the fecond, what time Thomas le 
Difpenfer Sonne of Edward fone of Edward fonne of the faid Hugh le Difpenfer 
Earle of Glouc y' fonne of Hugh le Difpenfer Earle of Winchefter the father, was 
created Earle of Glouc^ And the records of thofe times revoked and anulled by 
Sentence in this parliament. 



1326 flife of a^auritt tljc Cljirb 233 

ZffC 12''' of November in the fifteenth year of his raigne the faid King Edward claus : 15. E. 2. 
writes to this lord, to contayne him in his obedience, and to caufe him to diflike the 
unjuft prefumptions of Thomas Earle of Lancafler, reciting the Earles tres to him, 
noted to be full of arrogancye &c. SClltl in conclufion forbiddeth him upon his perill, 
to meet at any conventicles or affemblies without his lycence. 

51!nll at this time the king draws many foldiers out of divers Counties to meet eodem in dorfo. 
him at Cirencefter in the County of Glouc' in the feafl; of S' Lucy being the 13* of 
December. 

Zt^t eighth day of which December, the king then at Worcefter, for the fattis- pat. 15. E. 2. 
faction of his difcontented lords and comons, declares his reafons why, (upon the 
petition of Hugh le Difpenfer the younger,) hee had recalled him from exile, have- 
ing been baniflied by parliament at midfomer before, as tyed to juftice by the old 
f [tjatute of tntl0na Cf)arta and by his oath at his coronation. 

3lln& the as'*" of the fame December, the kinge declares the like upon an other eodem: m. 4. 
petition for the revocation of Hugh le Difpenfer the father. 

3llnb the next day after, then at Cirencefler commands the Caflle of Brimes- eodem : m. 6. 
feild not feaven miles off, to bee pulled down, the old inheritance of the Gififords, 
the owner whereof John Gifford lord of Brimsfeild was now in rebellion with this 
lord Maurice, haveing the 7* of this December before fent out divers writs into 
feverall Counties to have him and others arrefled, and their lan-ds feafed into his 
hands. 

311ntl the 2y'^ of the fame December went out feverall writs to y' Sherriffs of fin:is.E. 2.m. 19. 
twelve or more Countyes to feaze into the kings hands the lands of thefe rebellious 
lords. I 

3£nll the day following the king comitted to John Hanfteed, Odo de Stoke and 283 
to Geffry Dode, the keeping of all the Caftles, mannors, lands, goods and chatties ' P''^°'" 
of this lord Maurice and of Thomas and Maurice his fons, and of twelve others in 
the County of Effex, To hold at will, and to anfwer the proffitts into his Chamber. 

^|)t forefaid 27^^ of December in the fame fiftenth year, the kinge from eodem. 
Cirencefler fends out other writs to his Sherrife of Glouceflerfhiere to feaze into 
2 H his 



234 '^ 5litcjf of tlje 25nrfericp3et 1321 

his hands all the Caftles manners lands and Tenements goods and chatties of John 
Gifford of Brimesfeild, this lord Maurice Berkeley and of Thomas his fone, Thomas 
the fonne of Robert de Berkeley, Nigell of Kingfcote, Thomas of Bradflone and of 
fourty eight others perticulerly named in thefe writs of feazure. 

eodem. m. 23. ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ Kinge grants the cuflody of all the fame to John 

de Langley, John de Hampton and to Robert de Afhton to hold at his will, and 
they to anfwer the proffits. 

claus : 15. E. 2. ilDijcrCtll by a fmall digreffion I will note howe all the mannors and lands of 

the two great Earles Spenfers the father and the fonne, were not fix months before 
feazed into the kings hands as efcheated, they difinherited and exiled. And now 
reftored againe to all, from the fame kinge, and in greater favour and power then 
before : %v3i thofe to whome their lands were graunted, have the fame taken from 
them, And thefe Spenfers in poffeffion of their own lands againe, and of their 
enemies alfoe to boote ; and foe of their perfons reciprocally ; %nti one parliament 
to declare within a year the whole A6ls of a former under the fame King to bee 

claus: 15. E. 2. yoyd 311ntl the lords Damery and Audeley, for feazing the lands of the faid Earles 

'"" ^^' Spenfers by warrant of the kings Comiffion under the great feal grounded upon an 

a6l of parliament, were within the year by the like Comiffion and by another Aft 

of parliament adjudged Tray tors for foe doinge, and their doings difavowed by a 

fecond parhament. 

fin. 15. E. 2. m. 17. 25ut I returne ; The 4* of January following the kinge coinanded the Sheriffes 

of Lincolne and Yorke to Seaze into their hands all the lands and Mannors of this 
lord Maurice & of other his complifes in thofe Countyes. 

284 Cf)C ninth of the fame January, the king takes into his fpetiall defence | and 

pat. 15. E. 2. pars, proteftion the perfon lands and goods of Hugh Spenfer the Younger. 
I. m : 2. et. 3. ^ 

Pat. 15. E. 2. pars. 3Ctjc 13"" of January the kinge grants his fafe condu6l to Roger de Mortimer 

'• ™" *• 3- lord of Wigmore, and to twenty other perfons whome hee would chufe, to come to 

him and to commune with the Earles of Richmond, Penbroke, Arundle and Warren 

about their difcontents, And after fafely to depart : what followed hereupon I find 

not : I fuppofe nothinge. 

g J ^C fifteenth of y' faid January, the kinge grants his Comiffion to Ralph de 

dorfo. Greindon and others, with forces to apprehend this lord Maurice and other malle- 

faflors, 



1326 3lifc of a^auricc rtjc Cf)irti 235 

facflors, (here named,) difturbers of the peace, who with multitudes of armed men 
had taken the goods of the kings fubje6ls hoftilely in the county of War?, and them 
beaten and wounded, And had comitted divers murders, burnings &c. Therefore 
gives power to thofe Comiffioners to purfue arreft and take them, with all diligence, 
with a Comandment to all Sherifes of all Counties to bee aidinge and affifting to 
thefe Comiffioners. 

C|)C 1 7'^ of the faid January, the king graunts an other fafe conducH; to the faid pat. 15. E. 2. pars. 
Roger de Mortimer that himfelf and four fuch other perfons of State as hee would '" "'' ''^^ ^' 
chufe, fhould fafely come and conferr with y° faid fower Earles about thefr greev- 
ances and difcontents and as fafely depart : Mortimer, this lord Maurice, and others 
came as followeth ; But they all found their fafe conducfl broken And infteed of 
conference, or fafe departure were fent, fome to the Tower, others to Wallingford 
Caftle, as nowe is to bee related. 

C!)C 7*^ of February in the faid fifteenth year of his raigne, the King then at Rot. fin: 15. E. 2. 

Glouc, commands the Sherife of that County, to feaze into his hands the Caftle of ™' '^' 
Berkeley without delay, and all the goods and chatties within the fame to be found, 

and thereof to anfwere the profits. At which time (faith Hollingeflied) this lord Hollingefli : 

Maurice came to the Kinge at Gloucefter, fubmitting himfelfe to the Kings pleafure, ° " ^^^' 
which I may not altogeather beleeve. 

Cf)C is'*" of February in the fame fifteenth year, the King comitts to Simon de eodem. m. 15. 
Driby the cuflody of this lords Caflle and manor of Berkeley and of the manors of 
Wotton, Simondfall, Cowley, Came, Hurft, Hame, Slimbridge, Alkington, Stanle, 
Pondelarge, and of his lands in Berewike, To hold at the Kings pleafure, and to 
anfwer the profits. | 

C!)f 18"^ of February in the fame fifteenth year, the kinge comitts to Richard 285 
Lovell the cuftody of this lords manors of Portbury and Bedminfter and of his three ^'^^- '^"- ^"°? ^^ 
hundreds of Portbury, Hareclive and Bedminfter, to hold at the Kings pleafure as 
before. 

CljC 22'!* of Februarys in the fame fifteenth year of his raigne the king awards pat. 15. E. 2. m. 
his comiffion to Martin and Kirkby to find out by all wayes and means the Jewells, ^^' P^"^^' *■ 
money, plate and other goods of this lord Maurice and others of that adherency 
And the fame to arrefl and Seaze. 



236 



€f)c Hibcjet of tftc S^cchdepjef 



1321 



Rot. fin: 15. E. 2. 'd^ 21** of Aprill in the fame fifteenth year, the Kinge comitted to Richf de 

™- 9- et ffoxcote the cuftody of this lords manors of Mars in the p'ifh of Thornbury, 
Shipton under Whitchwood, and Buriford in the County of Oxon w* all the goods 
and chatties therein to bee found, To hold at y^ Kings pleafure. 

pat. is.E.j.dorfo. €I^C 1 8'!" of May in the fame fifteenth year, went out Comiffions to find out 

what other lands this lord Maurice and his fellow rebells had, (not before granted 
and knowne,) to the end the kinge might feaze and difpofe of them as hee had done 
of all hee had already found ; foe fpeaks the record. 

fin. 16. E. 2. m. 26. €I^C 21** of July in the fixteenth year, the Kinge appoints Commiffioners to 

accompt for the profits of all this lords lands, not in the Exchequer, but to pay 
them in, cameram fuam, into his chamber to the privy purfe. 

fin. 16. E.2:m:i7. 'C|)C h"* of Odlober in the 16"" year of his raigne, the kinge comits, (inter alia,) 

to Hugh le Difpenfer the younger, the manor of Mars w"*" was this lord Maurices, 
To hold at his pleafure. 



fin. 17. E. 2 :m. 9 : 

13: 

honor de Berkeley. 



Alloc : 19. E. 



orig. 15. E. 2. em 
rem. thes : in fccio. 



Efcheffit. 15. E : 2. 
286 



Efchaet. i. E. 3. 
in com Somerfet. 



d)£ third of May in the 1 7* year of his raigne, the Kinge comitts to John 
Frelond the cuftody of the Caftle and honor of Berkeley, and of the manors and 
lands that were this lords within the County of Glouc: with the fee of twenty 
marks for his paynes. 

9in& now alfoe was Bernard Caftle in London, and other parts of this lords -* 
poffeffions, comitted by the Kinge to the Cuftody and government of Robert 
Hungerford. 

3Ilnl> to conclude thefe perticulars, After this lord was thus fhut up in Walling- 
ford Caftle, noe Term almoft paffed in the next fower years, but one writt or other, 
Comiffion, Inquificon, or other proces out of one or other of the Kings courts, 
iffued and were executed and returned concerning the pofeffions of this lord, and 
of his fonnes and kindred; And amongft others one Inquificon was taken at Wotton 
the 27"" I of December in the faid fifteenth year, wherein the Jury found That this 
lord the day of his rebellion was feized in fee Simple of the Caftle and Townes of 
Berkeley and Wotton, and of the manners of Hame, Alkington, Hinton, Wotton, 
Symondfall, Came, Cowley, Hurft and Slimbridge in the County of Gloucefter ; 
And of the mannors of Portbury, Bedminfter and Radecliveftreet, Kingfton 

Seimore, 



1326 



%ik of Sl^auritc tl)c -CtjirD 



237 



Seimore, with the hundreds of Portbury, Bedminfter and Hareclive, and of divers 
lands in Alhton, in the County of Somerfet. And that it was more for the kings 
profit to keep thefe manors and lands in his own hands, flocked and flored with 
cattle as then they were, then to lett them out to farm for rent ; which proved a 
more beneficiall prefentment for this lords eldefl fonne the lord Thomas then was 
intended, as after in his life appeareth. 

3Cni> accordingly in the fame and the next month the overfight and governe- Repoitar. in fccio. 
ment as well of the faid manors that were of this lord Maurice, as of Thomas his 
fonne and heire, as of fifty and two other gentlemen of this County, Gloucefter, 
pertakers with this lord in this rebellious ati, were comited to Hampton, Langley, 
Afhton and others as before partly hath been declared, to hold at the kings pleafure, 
and to accompt for the profits in the kings Exchequer, affigning to each of them 
feverall fees for fuch their imployments, i@{)i(I) courfe of hufbandry, (the fame this 
lord and other his anceflors had ufed,) was continued in the faid manors, till the 
Kinge himfelf five years after was made prifoner to this lords fonne with the loffe 
of his life in this Caflle of Berkeley, now by him and the forefaid two Earles 
Spenfers the father and fonne thus difpofed of; mofl: of which Accompts for thofe multi compi. 15. 
five years of all or mofl of thofe manors and lands, and of divers others in other e '2 m cailro de 
Counties, (longe fince fold and given away by this family, which the Kinge in like Berkeley, 
manner then feazed and tooke into his hands,) doe yet remaine in Berkeley Caftle. 



5pOt conclufion it is certaine, the power of thefe lords united was Stronge, and 
the hearts of the people in fuch fort generally raifed againft the government and 
greatnefs of the aforefaid Earles Spenfers, That if an army were rayfed to fubdue 
them, yet overdangerous to give Battle to fuch experienced and inraged Captaynes, 
upon the poynts of whofe fwords confifled all their fafetyes, Efpetially if the Earle 
of Lancafler with his difcontented followers then in Arms in the North, fhould 
have joyned with thefe in the wefl, which was | feared and wifely prevented ; CljC 287 
confideration whereof may feem in part to have invited to that parly, and to thofe 
fafe conduces fent from the court to Roger le Mortimer the thirteenth of January, 
firll for himfelf and twenty ; and fower days after for himfelf and fower fuch 
others as hee would bring with him to conferr of their greevances with thofe lords 
of the kings councell then with him at Cirencefter, as hath before been faid 3llntl 
it is noe offence to truth, to fay that Mortimer brought with him to that parley 
this lord Maurice Berkeley and the lord Hugh Audely, ^then by matche of their 
Children his two brother in lawes,) and his uncle Roger Mortimer; where fuddainly Walfmgham. fo. 

they "5:etat. 



238 €f)c HibCiS of ti)c 25cthricpjei 1321 

they found contrary to all their expeftations, (as divers hiftories affirm,) their fafe 
condu6l broken, and this lord Maurice with the lord Audeley, (before the twentieth 
of that January,) fent prifoners to Wallingford Caflle, and the two Mortimers to 
the tower at London, in which places they held their lives at the courtefy of thofe 
that deadly hated them : Gods juftice never permitting impunity to the difloyall 
enterprifes and complots of Traytors, for in rebellions wee do but fight againft 
Gods providence, and contradi6l God in his owne appoyntments. 

Walfmgh.fol: ii8. S fortJCaCC to conjecture the reafons which probably feem to have invited thefe 

lords, (efpetially this lord Maurice, called by Walfingham vir nominatiffimus a mofl 
remarkable man,) to cafl themfelves upon this Salvum conduftum this fafe come, 
fafe flay, and fafe depart ; 25ut their unexpedled comitments to thofe prifons 
appears to be foe difpleafing to Thomas this lords eldefl fonne, and to his brother 
Maurice, with other of their complices. That in heat and rage, aimeing only at 
revenge, they whirle about into mofl Counties where the two Earles Spenfers had 
lands goods or chatties. And what devaflations they made eare they were fupprefl, 
let thefe few records here by the way, (the refl in the life of the faid lord Thomas,) 
declare. 

pat. 15. E. 2. pars. CljC 28''' of May following, the fame fifteenth year, an Inquiry by Jury was 

2. in dorfo bis. i^gfore Judge Stonere and others, Comiffionors, whether Thomas de Berkeley (this 
lords eldefl fonne,) Thomas the fonne of Maurice de Berkeley, and other malle- 
fa6lors, have enterd into the manors of Dadington, Kirtlington, Periton, Hafeld, 
Spelfbury, Afcote and others in the County of Oxford, then in the kings hands, and 
288 the gates and windows have broken, and | Chefls there found have broken up, and 
have from thence taken away 500 horfes . and other beafts, 3000 . fheep, 400 . fwine 
and one hundred fwans, of the value of 2000'! and have deftroyed the deere in the 
parkes there, and other horrible mifcheifs done in the faid County — IB|)icl^ was not 
to bee denyed. 

pat.predia.,dorfo. CljC like at the fame time were the outragious fafts of Maurice y' fecond 

fonne of this lord, and of Thomas the fonne of Maurice, and other their complices, 
in the manners of Spenhenton, Stanford & others in Barkfliire. 

d' in dorfo 3ilnt> the like Comiffions and prefentments were made in divers other Counties 

for Spoyles and depredations by them comitted without meafure or mercy. 

pat. I : E. 3. m. 8. 23ut in the end they were difperfed, and Thomas this lords fonne and heire 

taken and comitted to the Tower of London, from whence efcapeing by breaking 

of 



1326 



Hifc of a^aurifc tlje OTfjirli 



239 



Stow. fol. 333. 
How 220. 

Hollinges. 326. 

327- 

Daniell. 178: 179 : 

Powell et alij. 

Hollinges. fo. 333. 
Walfingham. ii8. 



of prifon, hee fued his pardon the 23''' of March in the firfl year of Edward the 
third, fower years after ; But againe was taken, as after followeth in his life. 

5CnO if our common chronicles come either fhort or relate fomewhat differently, 
(as they doe,) from thefe narrations, I fay as before, I willingly depart from them, 
when they from records, and alfoe difagree amongft themfelves. 

•JTt)!^ lord Maurice thus a prifoner, Hollingfhead and others tell us that S' John 
Goldington and others, by a great confpiracy in the year after his comittment, 
praftifed to have deliverd him and others out of Wallingford Caftle, whereinto 
though they had enterd, yet failed of their enterprife, whereby many of them loft 
their lives, and the prifoners were more clofely looked unto. 

l^otoBcit records deliver it thus, That in the end of January In the 16''' year fin. 16. E. 2.01.5. 
of the kinge, Sr Nicholas Beech, Sr John Goldington, Sr Wittm de Wauton, John '^j 16 E 2 narsi 
de Hereford parfon of Depeden, and a great rout of other malefa6lors, feditioufly in dorfo. 
enterd into the faid Caftle with Armes, And for a time held fome part thereof 2^m • 17. fg. 
againft the king, but were not able to deliver this lord and his fellow prifoners 
though they were aided by divers rebellious Londoners, who at the fame time had 
the like defigne upon the Tower of London & the prifoners there ; But failing in 
both, fome of them were taken & executed, and fome efcaped, but for S'John 
Goldington hee was | punifhed by the purfe with the fine of five hundred marks, 289 
which made his peace ; And Sr Wittm de Wauton, (who was lord of Cromhall,) for 
fomewhat a leffe fine. 



2't was the fifth of February following endeavored with a Jury of Barkfhiere P^'- predia. 
before Judge Stoner and other Comiffioners, to have found thefe two lords guilty of 
adheringe and confenting to this attempt of Goldington and his fellowes, and foe to 
have proceeded againft their lives, but they efcaped the danger. 

Cl)0 confideration whereof confirmeth the truth that they were comitted con- 
trary to the faith of their fafe condudl;. And therefore the State could not with 
honor proceed upon their lives for former offences : howfoever otherwife ready 
enough to have drawn blood upon any new occation, as this of prifon breaking or 
the like, ffbr where hatred and offences were alike, like punifliment would have 
overtaken thefe two lords as did their aflbciates, who haveing the 16"" of Mar: next 
after the comitment of thefe lords loft the battle at Burrowbridge, were, (fuch of Daniel et at. 

them 



240 €l)c %i\iC0 of tlje 5&crhdcp3ef 1321 

them as were taken alive) the fixth day after beheaded hanged and quartered with 
much cruelty at Pomfret in Yorkfhiere, w* hiflories do note to have been the firft 
execution of that direfull kind upon the Nobility, that this land had ever beheld. 

carta in caflro ^ttl Other inducement alfo of breach of their fafe condudl, is the kings manner 

of dealing with divers of this lords evidences, and with many of his Jewells goods 
and chatties, which about the time of his repair to the Court upon the forefaid 
fafe conduct, hee had privately conveyed to Briftoll ; whereof the kinge afterwards 
takeing notice, would not feaze and take them as forfeited, but caufed them to bee 
by Indenture delivered to the Abbot of S' Auguftines fafe keeping, where they 
claus : 20. E. 2. remained till nine months after his death when upon Afhwednefday in the firft year 
of King Edward the third, by the then kings coiiiand, they were then delivered to 
his heirs and executors ; ^UniOltgj^t which were -two coffers of Ivory plated with 
filver, guilt with gold, eighteen garnifh of filver veffell, A violl of pretious oyle, 
A peece of the wood of the holy croffe, divers pearls, Emerauds, Rubies, and 
Saphires, A pair of paternofters^ of great pearle, two croffes of Gold, the booke of 
the law called Breton, The legend of Saints, and divers other of great value ; 
which parcells I have here in particuler in part expreffed, to fhew this lord, in what 
was his and the ornaments of Berkeleys Barons, which in thefe days they moft 
efteemed amongft their goods and chatties. 

3[n the nineteenth of King Edward the fecond were many fecret pra6lices 

290 afoot I for feazing of Caftles and fetting prifioners at liberty, for the difcontented 

claus. 19. E. 2. m: commons ready to rife in Armes, wanted difcontented leaders, which caufed the 
5. 21. et. 22. ^ 

kinge to remove both fodainly and fecretly great numbers of his principall prifoners 

both male and female, (for Ladies and gentleweomen were alfoe praftizers,) from 

one Caftle to an other ; And to write to the conftable of this Caftle of Berkeley, 

(as to fowerteen others the like,) That upon perill of his life and members, (fub 

periculo vitse et membror,) and upon forfeiture of all his goods and chatties, hee 

fliould keep all his prifoners fafe, foe that none of them fliould efcape out of this 

caftle. 

J^ijtf jaj^ijBfccUainciS, Iju^ftanliric^ anb tjoiefpitalitp 

I^abingC thus in a continued narration opened the life of this lord Maurice in 
his martiall imployments at home and abrode, with the black fuccefs which ever 

attends 

1 A pair of Beads is a common term for a rofary which this mufl mean. The fmall beads were 

probably of pearls, but pearls could fcarcely be found large enough for the large beads, and thefe probably 

were of Gold. The expreflion " a pair of flairs," or a " pair of drawers," meaning a cheft of drawers, is 

flill very frequently heard. [Ed.] 



1326 life of ai^iiurifc tljc iCIjirb 241 

attends rebellions, I will a little overlook fome other paffages of his life and prefent 
his poflerity with fome broken peeces thereof, as I found them in my way, And 
then proceede to his wife and children, in whom all his errors are happily repaired. 

5[n the thirtieth year of Kinge Edward the firft, this lord gave leave to the c"ta in caRro 

, de Berkeley. 

Abbot of Kingefwood to convey water to his monaftry out of hawparke by Wotton, 

provided alwayes that when the Abbot and covent mended their pipes, they (hould 

bringe with them neither bows arrowes crofbowes nets nor other engines, or doggs, 

to hunt or kill his Deere in that parke ; whereto this lords father and his brother 

Thomas of Wimondham were witneffes. 

C()i$? lord Maurice new built the friery for the fryers and brethren in the comp.dePortbury^ 
Holmes, an Hand in Seavern and not far from his manor of Portbury. eodeannoincaftro 

de Berkeley. 

Co the Abbot and covent of S' Auguftines by Brifloll, hee confirmed the carta in Caftro 
purchafe they made of their land at Bradley, (which is a farme in the tenure of 
WiHm Leigh worth fifty pounds per ann at this day,) in lieu whereof they bound 
themfelves to celebrate yearly in their monaflry the Aniverfary days of himfelf and 
of his father and mother, and of Maurice his fonne, with the fervice of nine leffons 
and a Maffe in the morning and the next day ; And that every one of their Covent 
that is a preifl: fhould fay one maffe for the Aniverfaries. ^n which Deed this lord 
is Stiled nobilis vir dns Mauricius de Berkeley, it being in his fathers life time. 



CfjomniEe de Georges, a Prieft, had in the 34"" of kinge Edward the firft *^'^"^' '^' ^" ^' 
comitted felony, for which hee was indited at the Affizes in | Somerfett-fhiere, for 291 
whom this lord Maurice de Berkeley, Thomas de Gurnay and ten others became 
bayle body for body. The preift plays the knave, and appears noe more : many of 
the bailors are comitted to the gaole and fined, C{)at kinge a little before his death 
at the Sute of Alienor Mautravers, the preifls fifter, pardons the felony which 
Edward the fecond here allowes. And foe this lord Maurice and the reft nowe 
pleading the fame, are difcharged. 

5lntJ this lord obferving that one Richard Bolour in right of J one his wife had carta in caftro 
good title to divers houfes and lands in the Suburbs of Briftoll which hee fancied ^^ Berkeley, 
as lying fit to his mannor of Bedminfter, hee drew y"" to Berkeley Caftle, and there 
into Covenants That they fhould profecute a writ quod ei deforciat againft Roger 
Apleby and others who held the faid land until! they fhould recover ; And this fute 
2 I to 



242 



€^c Hitjcjef of tl)c 25crhricpjef 



to bee at the charges of this lord Maurice and his Councell, And that they fhould 
ufe no other Councell but his and fuch as hee appoints, And that after recovery 
they fhould within fifteen dayes grant to him the faid Maurice and his heirs referv- 
ing to the faid Jone her life in one of the faid houfes, And to have ten pounds in 
money from this lord ; for performance of which covenants this lord Maurice tooke 
of them a Statute of one hundred pounds : I leave the cenfure hereof to the divine 
rule Quod tibi fieri non vis, alteri ne feceris. And fac alijs, fieri quod cupis ipfe tibi. 
Doe to others as thou wouldft bee done unto. 



comp: de Portbury . 

II. E. 2. in Caftro 

de Berk. 



iCo prevent all prefentments againft him in the Comiffion of Trailbafton againft 
intruders into other mens lands, extortioners, oppreffors, Champerners, and the like 
offenders, This lord bribed the Jury for Portbury hundred with the guift of twenty 
{hillings : Slnll fuch as would have given evidence againft him with fourty nine 
fhillings, pro favore habendo coram Jufliciarijs de Trailbafton in negotijs fuis ibm, 
to have favor in his buifineffes before the Juflices of Trailbafton. 



comp:dePortbury. 

14. E. 2: in caflro 

de Berkeley. 



C|)C hufbandries this lord ufed were carved in the fame mould his prudent 
father had cut out, which this lord Maurice rather amended : J&OC carefull hee 
feemed to bee of his woods being preferved in a Country and time of plenty. That 
at his abodes at Portbury hee fpent much turfe, yearly drawn out of certaine grounds 
there called oxcroft^ which as they retaine the name to this day, foe are they from 
grounds of noe worth lately become good meadow and pafture ; Sfinb if I added 
that my direftion turned them and wrought that alteration, the tenants thereof 
would fay I mifreported not. 



292 C()C accompts of all this lords receipts and difburfments were ingroffed | yearly 

in parchment with fingular exaftnes, as alfo were his fathers : The profits of his 
three hundreds of Bedminfter Portbury and Hareclive were allwayes caft up in one 
roll togeather, and one year with another yeilded him threefcore pounds or more, 
As alfo they did to his father ; which at this day yeald cleerly to their owners (I 
write what I know) fcarcely three pounds ; The obfervation whereof miniftreth 
caufe filently to bewaile the troups of lawiers, Attornies, and Sollicitors ; the 
Country malice and envy that rageth in this age with the inferior fort ; they re- 
courfe to weftminfter hall, (our cockpitt of revenge,) upon each poor adion and 
occation ; the civill warres of my dayes there rageinge, wafting more treafure and 
time then the difunion of the houfes of York and Lancafler ever did the unitinge : 
<©nf of the maine caufes why my neighbors growe poore with more, when their 
fathers grew rich with leffe. 3[f)C 



i;?26 



%\U of a^auriff tljc Cljirb 



243 



CljC rankes and orders in this lords family, the expence in dyett and proviffions, 
and the quality of his attendants after hee was called to parliaments amongfl; the 
peeres, was not inferior to his fathers ; for plures adorant folem orientem quam 
occidentem, The funne rifeing hath more worfhippers then the funne fetting Qpott 
his return from the warrs in Scotland in the S'*" year of King Edward the fecond, 
then alfo in prepareing to take upon him the government of Berwick, hee caufed to 
bee taken an Inventory of his houfliold furniture in each chamber in Portbury, 
wherein is expreffed what was in cameris militum, in his knights chambers, in 
cameris armigero^, in his Efquires chambers, and the like, whereof I fhall obferve 
more in the life of his fonne and heire: And in the 11* of the faid kinge fower 
yeares before his father dyed, had fowerfcore and eight yeomen in ordinary at his 
houfe in portbury. 



comp:de Portbury. 
8. E. 2 : et al : in 
caftro de Berkeley. 



comp: de Portbury 
et garderob: 1 1 . E. 
2. in caftro de 
Berk: 



dpon thefe and the like honorable bafes was reared the fair buildings of this 
lord Maurice, who not only had the honor and reall dignity of a peere of the realme 
in his fathers life time, as hath been faid, but the materialls and flronge fmewes alfo; 
A great eflate in jurifdiftions, lands, and offices, to fupport it, equal! unto if not 
exceeding his fathers : Soe that this Barony of Berkeley had nowe, enixa gemellas, 
eaned and nurfed up fuch a couple of twins, as the Kingdome in each inftance could 
not parralell ; But multis nimium, nulli fatis fortuna dedit, fortune hath given too 
much to many, enough to none. As this lords charadler declares: for difcontent hee 
was, and accordingly hee tafted the fower fruites thereof, as before hath been 
declared : Onely happy in his wife and children as nowe doth followe. | 

^10 Wik 293 

'^t 10 before touched in part, howe this lord in the 17'^ of kinge Edward the Pafch: fin: in fccio 

firft. tooke to wife Eve daughter of Ewdo lord 3uch and of IVIillicent his wife, '^' ' ^' 

daughter and coheire of the lord Wittm de Cantilupe and of the lady Eve his wife, ptita de banco in 

daughter and co-heire of Wittm de Bruefe and Eve his wife, one of the fifters and ^'"^= .'9- E- /• 
° . _ rot. 2. in dorfo. 

co-heires of Marfhall Earle of Penbroke ; by whom in younger yeares then any of pat 6 E 4 pars 

his anceflors or pofterity, this lord had iffue five fonnes and one daughter, as after 2 : m. 5. 

folio weth. 



C1)C portion fhee brought in money was eight hundred markes payable by one daus. 17 E. i. 
hundred markes each quarter, fave that fower hundred marks was paid at the end '" '^°^° 
of the firfl : For fecurity whereof fhee gave her recognijance dated the 25'^ day of 
June in the 1 7''' of kinge Edward the firft, with condition that if fhee failed pay- 

212 ment 



244 



€l)e Urteief of tlje 2£>crftdcpief 



1321 



pat. 20. E. 3. pars. 

I. m : 18. 22. 

fin : in banco: 13. 

E. I. 

nnagn:cart:fol.32i 

in caflro de 

Berkeley. 

cart, irrot. in banc 

regis : 17. E. I. 

Term. Trin. 

ptito de banco : 

19. E. I. rot. 2. in 

dorfo.Term. hillar: 

carta irrot. in arce 

Lond. 17. E. 2. 



Terin Trin. in 

banco 17. E. i. 

rot. 6. 



ment then to be levied of her lands in the Counties of Northton, Bedford, Rutland, 
Wilteffe, Som'fett, Devon and others ; which accordingly was paid and the recog- 
nizance difcharged as the record fhews, where alfo it is noted, That for this money 
the lord Thomas de Berkeley hath granted to the faid Millicent, the mariage of 
Maurice his fon and heire, fhortly after which the mariage was. 

CljC lady Millicent mother to this Eve, was firft maryed to Oliver de monte 
alto, which name fhe retained all her fecond marriage, and in her fecond widowhood 
alfo ; And by feverall affurances conveyed to y= faid Eve her daughter the manors 
of Brightmerfton and Mildefton in Wiltfhire, with the advowfon of Mildefton, to 
her and the heires of her body at one peny rent, And the mannors of Edenworth 
and Milverton and ten pounds rent in Bridgewater in the County of Somerfett in 
frank marriage with this Maurice. To which conveyance five Judges are witrieffes. 

31lnD at the fame time in the faid 1 7"" of Edward the firft, the lord Thomas the 
father of this lord Maurice, conveyed likewife to this lord Maurice and to his lady 
Eve then his wife, and to the heires of theire bodies, the manor and Hundred of 
Bedminfter, A member whereof was Radecliveftreet in Briftoll aforefaid, referving 
the like yearly rent of one peney : And added further That if the faid Eve furvived 
her hufband, fhee fhould have dower of all his other lands, in regard, (faith y' deed,) 
this mariage is made with confent of him the faid lord Thomas de Berkeley. | 



294 

3. cartas in caftro 

de Berkeley. 

Rental : de Portb. 

8. E. 2. 

Comp. de Hinton. 

8. E. 2. in caftro 

de Berk. 

comp:de Portbury. 

II. E. 2. et al : in 

caftro de Berkeley. 



carta in caftro 
de Berkeley. 

claus : 20. E. 2. 
m : 12. 



"C^ijaf Eve dyed on S' Nicholas day (then the fifth of December) Anno 1314. 
in the eighth year of kinge Edward the fecond, after fhee had been his wife twenty 
and fix years ; happy in her funeralls that fhee lived not to fee the rebellion and 
imprifonment of her huft^and and of her two fonnes Thomas and John, and herfelf 
to fue for maintenance, as two ladies her predeceffors had done before her : And 
was buryed in y*" p'rifh Church of Portbury in the County of Somerfet ; for the 
repofe of whofe foule dayly prayers were fonge in the faid church by a Spetiall 
preift. 

3ilbOUt two years after her death this lord Maurice in the Tenth year of 
Edward the fecond, tooke to his fecond wife, the lady Ifable daughter of Gilbert de 
Clare Earle of Glouc' and Hereford, by whom hee had noe iffue. ^t\Ct furvived 
him. And haveing had foe little comfort of her firft mariage, would not hazard a 
fecond taft of the fowre or fweet of wedlock : but dyed his widowe in the feventh 
year of kinge Edward the third . 1338. 

for 



1326 



aifc of a^auricc rtje Cljirb 



245 



I m. I. 

fin : 10. E. 2.m : 15 

Ifable unmaried. 



for the maintenance of her youth before mariage, this lady Ifable had from Efchaet. i. Eij. 

the grant of her brother Gilbert Earle of Gloucefter the fixth of December in the '" 0^°". Berks, et 

firft year of Edward the fecond for her life, the manors of Shipton and Buriforde claus: i; E. 3. 

in Oxfordlhire, Spenhamland in Berks and Faveld and Mars in Gloucefterfhire, ''''"q' ^^ " '•'■ 

^ pat. 8. fc,. 2. pars. 

which fhee brought to her hufband as part of her mariage portion, which the kinge 
the fame yeare confirmed : %\\ which with the refl; of her hufbands eflate and lands 
being feared into the kings hands in the fifteenth of his raigne, becaufe (faith the 
record,) hee was de querela, of the part of Thomas Earle of Lancafter in profecu- 
tion of the Spenfers, Shee upon petition and Inquifition thereof by Jury found in 
the firft of Edward the third, had nowe reftitution unto, according to her eflate in 
the fame. 

QlnlJ the third of May following was by her fonne in lawe the lord Thomas carta in caftro 

Berkeley endowed with the manor of Wotton, and Wotton Marchant with the fayre , ' , 

' magn:chart. fo.io. 

and Market there, And of the manor of Symondfall, which with the increafe of in caaro de Berk. 
23!' 6? S"* out of the manor of Bedminfter in Somerfetfhire, where by his fecond carta in cailro 
deed thirty eight days after the former, confirmed to her, whereupon by the fame 
deed fhee releafeth to him all a6tions and clayme to dower. | 



de Berkeley. 



3Cnt> havinge had upon mariage and foone after eftablifhed upon her the 295 

manors and hundred of Portbury, Kingefton Seimor, and fome others, Shee by '^^^^ "^""^ R'co 

deed in the third year of Edward the third releafeth Portbury manor and hundred 12. E. 2. 

to her faid fonne in lawe, referving the refidue in that County, after fhee had gotten ^^^^ in caftro 

her pardon for fuch part of her Joynture lands as were holden in Capite, and con- fin. 20. E. 2.m. 5 

veyed to her without Lycence. ^^^'= '°- ^- "• ™ = 

1. Ct)Orna^ eldeft fonne of this lord Maurice, fucceeded in the barony as after 
followeth. 

2. fll^llliricc was the fecond fonne of this lord Maurice, upon whofe eminent Berkeley of Stoke, 
defervings, not fomewhat to inlarge, would wronge the three honored families of 

the Berkeleys of Stoke Gifford in the County of Gloucefter, and of Bruton in the 
County of Somerfet, and of Boy Court in the County of Kent, to all whome this 
Maurice was ftockfather : In which places his male pofterity with opulent poffeffions 
florifheth at this day . 1624. 

%t hath already in the life of this lord Maurice, beene touched howe this Sr Rot. Scotiae. 8. 9: 
Maurice his fecond fonne attended his faid father in the eighth and ninth years of Rot^'claus-o E 2 

Edward "1:7: 



246 



€fjc Hitc^ of tlje 2&ftftricp^ 



Rot. 


in : 9. E 


. 2. 




m 


2 : 


claus 


; 10 : E 


2, 




m. 13. 


20. 


Rot. 


Scotiffi. 


10. 




E 


. 2. 


Rot. 


Scotiae. 


II. 


E. 2. m: 4. 12. 


et. 






16. 



Edward the fecond whilft hee was governor of Berwick upon Twede, then being a 
knight and about feaventeen yeares of age ; And alfoe howe this Sf Maurice in the 
Hke maner attended the faid lord his father in the tenth year of that kinge into 
Wales, when hee went thither Jufticier of wefl and fouth Wales ; And alfoe in his 
condu(5t of one thoufand foote out of weft Wales, and of two hundred out of the 
foreft of Dean in the County of Glouc : and one hundred out of the land of Gower 
in Wales the year after towards the warres with Scotland. 311n& alfo howe this 
Maurice in like manner went with his faid father and with his elder brother into 
Scotland in the eleventh yeare of that kinge, what time Roger lord Mortimer went 
generall of that army. | 



296 

Rot. claus : II : E. 



2. m: 19. 
claus. 13. E. 2. 



25ut howe this S' Maurice and his elder brother, Thomas Berkeley of Beoly 
their unckle, John Berkeley of Erlingham their cozen, Richard Veell and more then 
forty others, riotoufly enterd into Paynfwicke parke in the 7'^ year of kinge Edward 
the fecond, then the land of Adomarus de Valentia Earle of Penbroke, makeing 
havocke of his Deer there ; And howe unmannerly they after handled the Coroners 
of that County when they were to have been outlawed for the faid facfl, with the 
fol. [252, 253.] iffue thereof, fee after in the life of the lord Thomas the third. 



Rot. fin. 15. E. 2. 
m : 19 



Walfingham fol : 
115- 



Efchaet. 15. E. 2. 

N?.[46] 

fin. 16. E. 2. m:26. 

divs. cartse cm 

Rico Berkeley de 

Stoke. 

10: ii:et. 12. E. 2. 

divers : cartfe in 

caflro de Berkeley 

II. E.2 et 34. et. 

35- E- 3- 

Rot. pat. 15. E. 2. 

pars. 2.bisindorfo. 

pat. 19. E. 2. pars. 
2. et divers : at. 



5(t hath alfoe bene formerly touched howe this S'' Maurice went with his father 
in the i ^^^ yeare of the faid kinge Edward the fecond into France when hee was 
made Steward of the Dutchy of Aquitaine : And how after his fathers returne for 
England and his pertakeing with the difcontented lords againft the two Earles 
Spenfers in the fifteenth yeare of that kings raigne, the faid lord contrary to his 
fafe conduft, was from Cirencefter comitted prifoner to the kings Caftle of Walling- 
ford, where fower years after hee dyed ; %nti howe as well the lands of the lord 
Maurice as of this S' Maurice his fonne were feazed into the kings hands as forfeited 
for that their rebellion : At what time hee had the manors of Bradley by Wotton in 
the County of Glouc, and Brightmarfton and Mildefton in the County of Wiltefs, 
And the manors of Edenworth Milverfton and Kingfton Seimor in the County of 
Soiiifett, and fome others by divers grants from his father and grandfather. 

3It hath alfoe bene declared howe this S' Maurice and his elder brother Thomas 
with other their kinfmen and complices, rebellioufly whirled about into many Coun- 
ties of this Kingdome, burning and deftroying whatever they could find that was 
the faid Earles Spenfers in revenge of their fathers unjuft committment; %nJs howe 
after many proclamations and Comiffions for their fuppreffion and apprehenfions, 

Thomas 



1326 



Hifc of fll^aurirc t!)c Cfjirti 



247 



Thomas was taken prifoner and comitted to the Tower of London ; but this 
Maurice was one of thofe who by his often and fecret fliiftings cauteoufly avoyded 
the Toyles pitched for his taking, till the flate changed within fower years after foe 
topfy turvy that the kinge himfelf was made a prifoner, and the two Earles Spenfers 
executed as Traytors : Ctpoit which change of wind and tide, This S' | Maurice from 297 
his hidden and lurking places of retirement, prefented himfelf abroad in Armes, and 
foe ably aflifled the Queen and her party in purfute of the kinge her hufband and 
other her enemies, That imediately hee fell into fpetiall favor with the Queen and 
the young prince her fonne called Edward the third, as now followingly is declared. 

C|)C 22'!" of February, (a month after Edward the third began his raigne,) this ^laus: i.E. 3. pars 
S' Maurice had reftitution of all his manors and lands in the Countyes of Glouc. 
Wiltefs and Somerfet, which had bene formerly feazed into the hands of kinge 
Edward the fecond for his rebellion as aforefaid: All or the moft whereof continued 
in his male pofterity till this and the laft age, as after doth appeare %nti fhortly after 
his reftitution, the lord Thomas his elder brother, in the third year of Edward the 
third, confirmed to him and to the heires males of his body the forefaid manors and 
lands. 



cartas in caflro de 
Berkeley. 3. E. 3. 
et. 18. R. 2. 



QHnll the like confirmation of the faid manors of Bnghtmefton and Milverflon cartae cm. Rico 

i,/-i- Ti-iii/- iiT^i ir Berkeley de Stoke, 

was in the 18. of kinge Richard the fecond, made by 1 homas the fourth then lord is. r. 2. 

Berkeley to this S' Maurice Berkeleys grandchild then of Stoke Gifford aforefaid. 



fin. 17. E. 3. m. 2. 

claus. 2.E. 2.m.3o. 



CljC 1 7'^ of December in the firfl yeare of Edward the third, the Kinge, then 
at Winchcomb in Glouceflerfhire, grants to this ST Maurice the cuflody of the 
manors of Tewxbury and Sodbury then in his hands by the attainder of Hugh 
Spenfer the younger, whereof reftitution was after made to Ellenor his widowe, 
becaufe they were of her inheritance faith the record. 

4Ct)f 2I'^ of Aprill in the fame yeare, the kinge fent this S' Maurice w'!' two pat. i.E. 3. pars. 2. 
others to bring from the Caftle of Briftoll to him into the North parts where then pat. 4! e. 3. pars 
hee was with his Army, fuch Armories and other munitions as were there, with a 2- m: 8. 
mandate to all Sherrives and other fubje6ls to be ayding to them in that fervice, 
and to provide them cariages &c. At which time this Sr Maurice was keeper of the 
faid Caftle with his brother John, as after followeth. 

€J)£ 22"' of Aprill in the fecond year of Edward the third, this S' Maurice was liberal. 2. E. 3. 
made Conftable of the Tower of London, which place hee held till the 22''' of Rot. fin : 2. E. 3: 
Auguft following. STtjC ™" '3" 



248 



€|)c Hibcjef of t^e SibctMep^ 



1321 



298 'CJjC 4'!* of March in the faid fecond year went out a Comiffion to hear | and 

pat. 2. E. 3 :^pars determine the offences comitted by Berenger and others in takeing away eight 
horfes, twelve oxen, forty fheep, and thirty two Swanns from this Sy Maurice, out 
of his manor of Brightmerflon in Wiltfhire. 

Pat. 2. E. 3: pars. d)C 26''' of December in the fame yeare, the kinge then at Glouc^ by the affent 

2. m.2. ^£ Ifable his mother, comitted to this S' Maurice the cuflody of the Caftle and 
Town of Gloucefler, To hold at pleafure, w'.*" a mandate to all officers to bee aidinge 
to him therein as need (hould require. 



Extract don: 4. E. 

2. m. 12. 
pat. 4. E. I. pars. 

I. m. 14. 



^|)C 4"' of July in the 4* yeare of Edward the third. It was at Woodflock 
agreed between the kinge and this S' Maurice That hee fhould attend the kinge 
all his life time. And in his warrs to ferve him with 14 men at Armes And in time 
of peace to attend his perfon : for which the kinge grants him - 90" per annum to 
be received yearly from the Prior and Covent of Kirkftall, who paid foe much 
yearly into the Exchequer : And to have alfo the wholl farm rent of Andevor. 



pat. 4. E. 3. pars. 'CfjE 12''' of Aprill the fame year, this S' Maurice purchafed the manors of 

fin • in ?anco ^1 Kings wefton and Ailberton in ffee of Sr Thomas Ap-Adam holden in Capite : And 
E. 3. the 23*^ of July following hee had a Lycence to demife divers parts of thofe manors 
holden in Capite for life or years to any of his Ten'.' 



Extract don : 5. 



CijC Thirtieth of May in the fifth of Edward the third, the kinge granted to 



T- ^' this S' Maurice for his life in confideration of the good and laudible fervice to him 

pat. 5. E. 3. pars. *- _ ° 

i.m: 2:et pars. 2: done, the manors of Mawerden and Winferton in the County of Hereford, which 

™ ■ ^^' were Roger lord Mortimers of Chirke, of the value of one hundred pound per Ann. 



fin: 5. E. 3. m: 25. '2Cf)C 27'.'' of February the fame year for like confideration, the kinge grants to 

this S' Maurice the manor of Penrith, to hold at pleafure. 

Extract don. 6. CtjC 22*'' of January in the 6'*' of his raigne, the kinge for like confideration 

c /; T- ^' ^' granted to this S' Maurice for his life, the manors of Fulbroke and Wefthall and 
fin: 6. E. 3. m: I. o ' 

pat 6. E. 3: m: 4. divers lands in Upton, Toueton, and Swynebroke in the County of Oxford which 
were Hugh le Difpenfers the elder. 



claus : 7. E. 3 'CljC twentieth of Aprill in the 7'^ of his raigne upon this S' Maurice his 

pars 1 . m : 9. pej-j^ion to the kinge, fhewing that fifty marks were unpaid to him of that hundred 

pound 



'326 Uifc of ili^mirifc tljc OT^irb 249 

pound which hee was to receive for thirty men at Armes, which hee retained in his 
company at the Seidge of Berwitce, the kinge now allowes it him out of his farm 
rent of ffulbroke and Wcfthall aforefaid. | 

CljC firrt of November in the S'"" of his raigne, the kinge then at Newcaflle 299 
upon Tyne, in confideration of the good fervice of the faid S'. Maurice, grants to f'"- ^- f-- 3- f"- 4 
him the cuftody of all the Caftles manors and lands afwell in England as in Wales 
which John Mautravers late held, being of the inheritance of John Gifford of 
Brimesfeild deceafed, and which by the forfeiture of John Mautravers came into 
the kings hands, To hold for his life according to the extent thereof made. 

C|)C tenth of July the fame yeare, the kinge pardons this S' Maurice the jiat. 8. E. 3. p 
offence hee comitted in killing fome of his Deer in his forefi: of Shirewood. i : m. 6 : 

CljC fifth of Auguft in the fame yeare, This S' Maurice hath a licence to alyen pat. 8. E. 3. pars: 
in fee the manors of Kingfwefton and Aylberton in the County of Glouc. to Thomas ^ ' '"' ^ 
lord Berkeley his brother and to Wittm de Side, (who was that lords fleward,) And 
that they may regrant them to himfelf and to Margery his w-ife and to the heires of 
himfelf : At this time, it feems this S". Maurice marryed, And thefe two manors 
hee, in the fourth of this kinge j^urchafed in fee of S' Thomas Ap-Adam knight as pat. 4. E. 3. pars. 
aforefaid. 

Z'^C 23''' of February in the nynth of his raigne, the kinge, then at Newcaflle P''^^- 9- *■- 3- pars 
upon Tyne, grants to this S^ Maurice in confideration of his good fervices done, all 
the goods and chatties which were of John Mautravers the younger or which hee 
had the day hee forfeited them, in whofe hands foever they bee. 

CljC third of June in the fame year, the kinge pardons this S' Maurice, S' pat. 9. E. 3. pars. 
Wittm de Whitfeild, and the Abbot of Malmefbury, for receiving John Mautravers 
the vounger after hee was banifhed the Kingdome. 



I. m: 35. 



I. m : 14. 



CIjC eighth of June the fame yeare, the kinge, then at Yorke, in confideration fin: 9. E. 3. m: 13. 
of the dayly good fervices of this S^ Maurice abated the fee farme rent of ffulbroke 
and Weflhall from 48';- 19! 04'' to twenty pound p ann, and foe this S' Maurice to 
pay afterwards. 



3i'n the fame nynth yeare the kinge in confideration of the dayly fervices of Extract don. 9. E.; 
this S' Maurice, gave him two great Wardfhipps, expreffed in the record. ?-^et^ i^? '• 3- m 

2 K Cf)e 



5: et. 15. 



250 



€ljc %i)3c^ of ti)c 25cThdcp^ 



pat. ir. E. 3. pars. (^jjp jg of December in the eleventh yeare, the kinge grants to this S' Maurice 

^' "^ ' ' and his heires, the manors of Kingflanley, Roclchampton, Stonehoufe, Stoke Gifford 

300 and Walls in the County of Glouc. and the manors | of Afliton ats Afherton, Corton, 

Extract don. 1 1 . Sharnton, Codeford and Stapleford in the County of Wilts, All which were John 

. 3. m: 3. QjffQj.(jg ^]^g rebel], To hold them of the cheife lords : And a writ then went forth 

to Margaret the widdow of the faid John Gifford comaunding her to Atturne for the 

faid manors of Stonehoufe, Stoke Gifford, Walls and Afhton which fhee holds for 

her life : And in this record it is teftifyed howe this S' Maurice de Berkeley was 

daily at the kings fide affifting him and continually imployed in his fervice. 



code. m. 8 : 9. 



Extra : doii. 11. 
E 3. m : 6. et : 9. 
pat. 1 1. E. 3. pars. 
3. m. 37. et pars. i. 



%\\it the twenty-eighth of March in the faid eleventh yeare, the kinge grants 
to this S' Maurice and Margery his wife in confideration of his daily fervices, the 
faid manors of Mawerden and Winferton in the County of Hereford, and the manors 
of Fullbroke and Weflhall in the County of O.xon, and divers other lands and tene- 
ments in Upton, Tainton and Swinbroke, To hold to them and the heires of the 
faid S'' Maurice. 



^n this year went out a Comiffion to James de Audele and to this S' Maurice 



Rot. Scotije. II. 

Rot. vafcon. 11. de Berkeley, lords of Cantebaghan in South wales, to aray 500. men for the kings 
^- 3- prefent warre in Scotland, and five hundred more for his prefent warre in Gafcoigne. 



pat. 12. E. 3: m. (CljC 16''' of July in the 1 2''' of Edward the third, this S' Maurice went over with 

'"' the kinge to his warrs in France, and had his tres of prote6lion and of freedom 
from futes and difquiets in his eftate whilft hee fliould bee in the kinges fervice. 

fin. 13. E. 3. m : S\^ ^^^ ^ 3'*" ^^ ^^^^ kinge, dyes Margarett the widowe of John Gifford of Brimes- 

"''^' feild, whereby thofe forefaid manors which fhee held for her life, fell to the poffeffion 
of this Sir Maurice and his heires. 



claus: 13. E. 3. i^f^t S'!" of Aprill in the faid 13"' yeare, the kinge comands his Treafuror and 

pars. I. m . 13. g^j-Qp^^ Qf [j^g Exchequer, to caft up all the debts which this S^ Maurice owed him, 

and to certifye him thereof under their feals, which were fliortly after releafed unto 

him. 



'CI)C 25''' of November the fame yeare, the kinge then at Antwerp, in his patent 



Pat. vafcon. 13. 

E. 3. m : 7. i- " ^ ' ^ ^ 

301 made to this S' Maurice, hath thus, Sciatis quod nos | probitatem ftrenuam et fideli- 

tatem probatam dilefti et fidelis noftri Mauricij de Berkeley, necnon locum bonum 

quem 



1326 aifc of 319fluricc tljc <ri)ird 251 

quem in guerris et alijs negotijs nris indies nobis tenet, debite meditantes, dedimus 
ei. the Caftle and manor of Briniesfeild in the County of Glouc, which was John 
Mautravers our enemy and rebell, faith the kinge, To hold to the faid Maurice and 
his heires at — 28'!' 10' 00'' rent. 

Cf)C S'!' of March the fame year, the kinge grants licence to this S' Maurice to pat. 13. E. 3. pars, 
enfeoffe Thomas lord Berkeley and Peter de Berkeley, Clark, his brothers, of his '■ "* ■ ^^' 
manors of Kingeftanley Stonehoufe, Rockhampton, Stoke Gifford and Walles in 
the County of Glouc. and of Sharnton, Corton, Codeford and Orchafton, and the 
moytie of the manor of Eliflon, in the County of Wilts, all holden in Capita, And 
for them to regrant the faid manors to him the faid Maurice for his life, the re- 
mainder to John Mautravers his nephew and to the heires male of his body. The 
remainder to the right Heires of the faid S^ Maurice for ever. 

CljC S* of Aprill in the i4'!'yeare of his raigne, the kinge recites That whereas pat. 14. e. 3. 

in the thirteenth yeare of his raigne hee gave to this S' Maurice and his heirs the P"®- 'J ™-...'S- 

1 1 , T 1 iv/r 1- Extract don : i4- 

Caftle and manor of Brimsfeild which was John Mautravers, paying 28. 10? rent e. 3. m: 17. 

per Annum, Now the kinge, for confiderations mentioned in that patent, and for 

the good fervices of the faid Maurice done fmce unto him, grants to him the faid 

Maurice, the faid Caftle and manor with all the knights fees, warrens, parks &c., 

to the fame belonging. To hold to him and his heires without rent, of the cheife 

lord by the fervices accuftomed, And to bee difcharged of all the rents and arrerages claus : 16. E. 3. 

behind unpaid. A defedl; in which grant is by a new grant repaired in the fixteenth ^^"^ ' "^' ^'' 

of that kinge. 

3Cntl the 18* of June in the faid 14''' yeare, this S' Maurice goeth with the Rot. AUemon 
kinge in his warres to France, And hath his tres of protection and freedom from ^■^- E- 3- m: 21. 
futes as before : And makes Wittm de Side and Wittm de Cheltenham, his eldefl 
brothers two principall officers, his Atturnies in all buifmeffes in his abfence. | 

Cl)C 22"" of June in the fame 14''' yeare this S' Maurice had the kings warrant 302 

to receive — 156'! 3. 4'' due to him for his wages whilft hee laft ferved the. kinge claus: 14. E. 3. 

beyond the feas, to be paid by the receiver of the fubfidies : And the like for 15. e. 3 pars. i. 

i46'i- 3? 4*! the yeare after. ^ '■ ^■ 

3[n the 16* yeare of this kinge, this S' Maurice went with the kinge into Rot. franc. 16. E. 
France to the warrs there, of whofe (retinentia) retinue, were, (amongfl others,) ^ '"=26. 
2 K 2 John 



€l)c %i\3C^ of tl)c 25ccftcIcpiS 



1321 



John Mautravers the younger, John de Button, Nicholas de S'^ 
and Simon Baffett, knights, his Gloucefterfliire neighbours. 



Mauro ats Seymor, 



claus : 15. E. 3. ^fl^ ^^^ fifteenth yeare of this kinge, was this S' Maurice created a Banneret, 

™' "■ as alfo was Thomas de Bradflon his unfeperable companion in Armes, of whom I 
fol- [337] fhall write in the life of the next lord Thomas the third. 

claus: 16. E. 3. CljC 25"^ of February in the faid 16"' yeare, the kinge fomons a great Councell 

par. I. in dorfo. jj^ jj^g nature of a parliament to be holden at Weftminfter in ci'ino claufi Pafche 

next, And fends his writ, (amongft others of the nobility,) to this S' Maurice de 

Berkeley vt interfit nobifcum et cum prelatis et ceteris magnatibus Anglie, confilium 

impenfurus de arduis rebus regni : By the fame words is a Baron by writ created at 

fol. [38] this day called to a parliament, as already in thefe relations hath been fhewed. 

claus. 16. E. 3. CfjC 22'^ of July in the fame yeare, this S' Maurice had a warrant to receive 

par. 2. ni 32. j^jg ^agfes for himfelf and his twenty men at Armes, thus viz! for himfelf beingr a 
claus: 17. E. 3. ° ; ° _ 

pars. I. Banneret. 4^ per diem, for each of his fower knights. 2^ per diem, for each of his 

Efquiers 12'* per diem. And for every Archer 61 per diem ; which was paid him out 

of the cuftome of woolls at fix pound per facke. 



Scotia. 17. E. 3. 
m. 4. 



Cf)C I8'^ of Augufl in the 1 7'^ of this kinge, this S' Maurice, Henry de Percy 
and Thomas de Lucy are fent Comiffioners into the Marches of Scotland, to treat 
and agree with William Earle Dowglas, and to drawe and receive him into the 
kinges favor and freindfhipp and to fecure him thereof, and to doe all things con- 
duceinsf to that end. I 



■^01 3iW the fame roll it is recited That at the inftance of the pope and of the 

Scotia 17. E. 3. reverend fathers the Cardinalls fent from him, the kinge is content to treat of a 
truce with the kings of ffrance and of Scotland ; And accordingly this S": Maurice 
and others are fent into the Marches of Scotland with abfolute authority. 



Rot. franc. 17 

F,. 3. ni : 16, 

Hollings: fol: 364 

.^ddition toTrevel 

[)at. 17. E. 3. pars 

J. ni : 20 

claus. 17. R. 3 

pars. I. 111. 8 



9tnb upon his returne in the begining of February following, went with the 
kinge into France, where againe this Sr Maurice is a Comiffioner from the kinge, 
joined with Henry of Lancafler the Earle of Derby to treat with the Comiffioners 
of the French kinge about the Crown of France, when a truce for three years was 
agreed upon, and a reference of fending further Comiffioners to Rome, to ftand to 
the agreement of the pope : IDtjifl) imployments declare this S' Maurice to bee a 
very able gentleman, fitted tam marti quam mercurio. Cf)e 



1326 Uifc of a^aiirifc ti^c <ri)irb 253 

CfjC Twentieth of May in the fame yeare, the kinge gives this S' Maurice for eode pars. 2. m. 4. 
his good fervice, two hogflieads of wine yearly for his Vifc out of the Port of 
Brifloll, and a warrant to his officers there to dehver them accordingly. 

Cf)C is'!" of June in the I8'^'of his raigne, the kinge grants to this S' Maurice, f,n. 18. E. 3. m: 18. 
the cuflody of all the lands in Hert and Hertneffe in the Bifhopricke of Durham, 
which hee held in right of the heire of Robert de Clifford his ward, rendringe the 
value found in the extent ; for the valewing whereof I have obferved, that the day 
before, this S' Maurice made himfelf the fole Comiffioner, and fped thereafter in his 
bargin. Howbeit the Jury called togeather refufed to bee fworne or prefent, faying, pat. 20. E. 3. pars, 
they onely were to bee chardged by their BiOiop and comiffioners returned by him 
and his minivers, And therefore leafl they (hould incurr his excommunication and 
the curfe of holy S' Cutbert they refufed. 

Cf)C next yeare the kinge remitted to this S' Maurice his farm rent of Hert and claus. 19. E. 3. 

Hertneffe in Durham aforefaid, which Ihews hee made fjood the kintjs errant to him, P^I^^' ^- a^~^^' 

' & & & ' extract don. 19. 

without S' Cutbert & the Jury. E. 3. 

^{)C fame yeare this S' Maurice went with the kinge in his warrs into France, franc 19. E. 3 ps. 
And with him, de comitiva fua, of his retinue, the heires of Beamond, Fleminge, '' '"' ' ' ''*' 
S! John, 3'-''° Mauro, S' John Palton, S' John Tracy, S'i Thomas Button, and many 
other knights. All which | had their freedoms and protections from futes, upon this 304 
S' Maurice his teftimony onely that they did goe with him under his colours. 

CljC fame yeare the kinge granted to this S' Maurice and to S' Thomas de ffin: 19. E. 3. 
Bradftone joyntly, the cuftody of all the lands that were Cicelyes the wife of Bryan 
de Hickelinge, during the minority of J one her daughter and heire. 



m. 26. 



Cl)C 7'^ of July in the twentieth of Edward the third, this S' Maurice went to franc. 20. E. 3. 
the warrs in France, haveing S"' Simon Baffet, Hugh de Rodborough and divers ^^^^' '' ™' ^' 
other the like retinue as in the former yeare ; And nowe went the prince of Wales 
after called the black prince. 

CljC 2 1'!" of March before in the fame yeare, this S' Maurice and the faid S' fines pro exoner- 

Thomas de Bradftone were authorifed to make compofition with all perfons in the ^'"^^^ militioe. 20. 

.... E. 3. m. I. 2. 21. 

Counties of Gloucefter and Wilts, that were able and of ability in the valewe of 

their land to find a Soldier, and did not in the laft yeare, according to the ordinance 

made, 



254 



€|)c HitJcjaf of tfic 25crhdcpss 



1321 



made, nowe to pay foe much money as the charge of a foldier of fuch a condition 
came unto. 



franc : 20. E. 3. 
pars. I. m. 24. et 



5intl were alfo imployed to mufter and Arme every man this year between, 
in dorfo. 16 . and . 60. years in the faid Counties; And this yeare the preffes were the deepeft 
that are obferved in any age before, both to withftand the Scots and French both 
by land and fea at home, and to goe with the kinge and prince into France ; wherein 
the Comiffions fay That PhilHp de Valloys the French kinge had affembled an huge 
power at fea, machinans fi poffit hnguam delere AngHcanam, intending to the unter- 
moft (fic) of his power to extirpe the Englifh name. 



eodem. pars. 2. in 3llnb in thefe rolls divers Soldiers are difchardged in the Counties of Somerfett, 

or o IS. Lgjf-gftgj-^ Warrwick and others, quia de retinentia Mauricij de Berkeley, becaufe 
Rot. obfid: Calefij they were of the retinue of this S' Maurice de Berkeley ; whofe retinue in Armes 
at that time was a Banneret fix knights . 32. Efquires, 30. Archers on horfeback and 
. 200 . Archers on foot. 31!nl) at this time it is collefted by the mufters, that each 
great Captaine had for the mofl part their own Tenants with themfelves : 5Cnb now 
this 26''' day of Augufl in this twentieth yeare of this kinge Edward the third, was 
fought the great battle of Crefcy, which intirely fell to the Englifh, as after in the 
fol. [376] life of the lord Thomas, this S' Maurice his elder brother, is declared. | 



21. E. 3. in fccio. 



PoHchron. lib. 7. 

cap : 44. 

Daniell : fo : 200. 



305 %nti nowe alfoe is John Copland made a Banneret for takeing the kinge of 

pa . 20. • 3-^pars. g^^j-g pj-Jfoner in the warre called bellum dunellum, whilft the kinge of England 
was beyond feas. 



fin: 25. E. 3. m. 22: 

claus. 25. E. 3. 

m. 21. 



Efcaet. 21. E. 3. 

no : 51. pofl mort. 

Mauric. de 



3ln& the 4'*" of September following in this twentieth year of his raigne, the 
kinge fits down with his Army before Callice, At the feidge whereof the retinue of 
this S' Maurice was as aforefaid, where hee dyes the I2'^ day of February following, 
in the 21'!" yeare of Edward the third Anno. 1346. leaving Thomas his fonne and 
heire then thirteen years old, by the faid Margery his wife daughter and heire of 
S' Maurice Berkeley of Uley, who furvived him and dyed his widowe three years 
Berkeley, g^fjgj. jj^ jj^g 25* of this king : To which Thomas as the Inquifitions after his fathers 
death doe fliew, difcended in fee the manors of Maurden, and Wolfreton in the 
County of Hereford, the manors of Fulbroke and Wefthall in the County of Oxon, 
The Caftle and manors of Brimsfeild, Kingeftanley Rockhampton, Kingfweflon, 
Aylberton, Stonehoufe, Stoke Gifford, Uley, and Bradley, in the County of Glou- 
cefler; Kingfton Seimor and Edenworth in the County of Somerfct; and Sharenton 

Orchefton, 



1326 Hifc of a^nurifc the Zfiixti 255 

Orcherton, S| George, Well; Codeford, Coreton and Bright-marfton in the County 
of Wilts, and divers other lands and Tenements in thofe Counties. 

Cl)C third day after the death of the faid Banneret Maurice, the kinge grants Rot. franc. 

to Thomas his fonne and heire, then alfoe with his father under the walls of Callice, J;""'^'^'- ^<^"- ^'■ 

K. 3. m. 0. et. 10. 

for the laudable fervice fake of the faid S' Maurice done at that Seidge, Ac volentes claus. 21. E. 3. ps. 

eo pretextu, (faith the kinge,) honori et comodo Thomae filij et heredis ipius Mauricij l^g^2i e\ pars 

providere, the profit of his fathers lands during his minority, togeather with his own i- m. 15. 

marriage: And the I8■^of March following againe confirms the fame. And the Mich:rec. infci-io. 

third of June following the faid Margery hath dower affigned to her of her hufbands cum rem ^thefaui- • 
lands, over and befides thofe five manors whereof fhee was Joyntly feized for life by 
her hufbands conveyances, as is aforefaid. 

^Inb the I3'^ of July followinge the kinge grants lycence to the [faid] Margery pat. 21. E. 3. pars 
to marry her felf at her pleafure, when and to whom fliee would ; howbeit flie ^ ™' 
never did. | 

CI^C Kinge haveing granted to the faid Thomas fonne of the faid Sf Maurice 306 
the cuftody of his own lands dureing his minority difcended to him from his father, claus. 22. E. 3. 
fome had wrongfully entered into part of them. The kinge the 8'^ of Auguft in the 
22'*' yeare of his raigne, comands Simon Baffet knight his Efcheator of Gloucefler- 
fliire, and Robert Ruffell his Efcheator of Wilts, that they feaverally reftore thofe 
lands to the faid Thomas, and to fee hee have noe wronge. 

Zi^t thirtieth of September following in the faid 22''' yeare A commiffion iffues pat. 22. E. 3. pars, 
out in behalf of John Mautravers the younger, fonne of John Mautravers, to enquire ^' ™" ^^' '" "ono- 
by Jury in the prefence of the faid Thomas fonne and heire of S' Maurice Berkeley 
deceafed, whether hee in his life time did enfeoffe his brothers Thomas lord Berkeley 
and Peter de Berkeley Clark, of the mannors of Kingflanley and Rockhampton in 
ffee, And whether the faid lord Thomas releafed to the faid Peter, and whether 
the faid Peter regranted the fame to the faid S' Maurice for life, the remainder to 
the faid John Mautrevers and to the heirs males of his body : And howe the Jury 
after the death of the f"* S' Maurice found That hee dyed feafed of the faid manors 
in fee Simple, which was not foe; which queflion in regard of the great and general! 
Plague that raged over England, feemes for a time to have flept undetermined. 



25ut at the parliament begun in the Twenty fifth of Edward the third the faid Rot. parliam. 25. 

elv ^- 3- P^i's- 2- ' 

^ claus. 25. E. 

as m. 12. et 17. 



John Mautravers was reftored in bloud, and to all his lands and goods as abfolutelv ^-spars. 2. n'Jss. 

° ■' claus. 25. E. 3. 



2 56 €f)c HitcjS of tfjc 2£»crhricpj9E 1321 

as hee flood in the fourth of that kinge when hee was attaynted by parliament upon 

pars : in dorfo. fufpition of the death of Edmond Earle of Kent the kinges unckle, hee then being 

"^' ^^ abfent out of the Reahne : And accordingly hath his writs to the Sherifes and 

E ., Efcheators to bee put into the poffeffion of the mannors of Coreton, Sharnton, 

cart, et patent. 21. Codeford, Stapleford and Afherton in the County of Wilts, which had been granted 

rex fuit in obfid : to the faid S' Maurice de Berkeley as aforefaid : And for the Caftle and manor of 

Calefij. Brimesfeild, and for the manors of Kingeflanley, Rockhampton, Stonehoufe, Stoke 
pat. 25. E. 3. m. _ . 

22. pars. 2. Gifford, and Walles in the County of Gloucefter, which alfoe had been granted to 

the faid S' Maurice Berkeley as before appeares, And the like into all other 
307 Countyes where hee had any lands. 311tttl in the patent | roll of this yeare are the 
reafons of this reftitution excellently rendred, with a declaration of the fubjedls 
birthright, whereto the other records in the margent excellently tend ; As alfo do 
the records of Rot. claus : 15. E. 3. membr : 14. And rot. patent. 15. E. 2. pars. i. 
m. 4. bis. And rot. parliament. 14. E. 2. holden at Weftminfler, And rot. parlia- 
ment. 15. E. 2. holden at Yorke, And rot. parliament. 21. R. 2., And rot. claus: 
19. E. 3. pars. 2. m. 22 : in dorfo, And rot. parliament. 21. E. 3. for reverfall of 
Mautrevers attainder. And rot. parliament. 6. H. 6. touching the Duke of Glou- 
cefter, worthy upon occation to bee confulted withall, the choycefl peeces that are 
X of Record in the kineses courts. 



claus. 25. E. 3. ^t)C 26* of May in the 25"' of his raigne, the kinge recites That whereas hee 

"^ ' ^'' had the 28'^ of March in the 21'.'' of his raigne, in confideration of the good fervice 
of Sy Maurice Berkeley who dyed at the feidge of Callies, granted to Thomas his 
fonne and heire then within age, his fathers lands, togeather with his own marriage, 
That now to doe him a further pleafure, being to goe with him in his warres beyond 
feas, And that he may decentius et potentius fe parare more decently and power- 
fully provide himfelf, hee grants unto him the lands that Margery his mother lately 
deceafed held for her life ; And at this time was this Thomas but feaventeen years 
** old and three monthes. 

fin. 28. E. 3. m. 2: 'Cl)C 12"* of June in the Twentyeighth yeare of Edward the third, this Thomas 

de Berkeley nowe called of Vley, fonne of S' Maurice de Berkeley, for twenty 
marks, had a licence to purchafe in fee the manor and Advowfon of Rockhampton 
of the faid S' John Mautrevers, which was nowe regranted to the faid S' John 
Mautrevers and to the heires males of his body, with a remainder to the heires of 
claus. 28. E. 3. this Thomas in fee: In the iffue of which Thomas it continued till S' Richard 
°'^°' Berkeley in the, 6'^ f^ 8'!' 9'i' and 10'!' years of Queen Elizabeth feverally allyened 

the 



1326 



life of a^nuricc tl)c Cfjirb 



257 



the fame to the particular farmers thereof; And this yeare alfoe was the faid 
Thomas Berkeley of Uley knighted. | 



3!n July in the 29'!' of this kinge, this S' Thomas de Berkeley goes beyond 
feas with the Prince of Wales Into France ; And haveing a little before marryed 
Katharine fifler and coheire of John Buttetort Efquier, fonne and heire of S' John, 
(who as a peere of the realme and fomoned to the parliaments in the 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 
and S'*" yeares of Edward the fecond,) fettles his eftate in the manors of Kiiigf- 
wefton, Aylberton and others upon her for her life: And nowe went alfoe in company 
togeather Maurice eldefl; fonne of Thomas lord Berkeley his cozen germaine, S' 
Nicholas Berkeley of Durfley, S' Peter de Veell fonne and heire of S' Peter de 
Veel of Tortworth, and divers other of thofe parts, as after followeth. And before 
his return, was in the yeare followinge at the wonderfull battle of Poitiers, foe 
incredibly celebrated in hiflories, wherein the Englifli had twice foe many prifoners 
as they were themfelves, whereof more is faid hereafter in the life of the next lord 
Thomas. 



308 

pat. 29. E. 3. pars. 
a. m. 17. 

claus : 3. 4. 5. 6. 
7. et 8. E. 2. inter 
fomon pliam : 
franc. 29. E. 3.m.8. 
fin. 29. E. 3. m. 2. 
Efcaet. de ad quod 
damn. 29. E. 3. 
n° 32 

vafcon. 29. E. 3. 
m: I. 5. 8. 
Cooper fol. 241 
et divers, al. 

fol, [380] 



CljC 8"" of September in the 33*? year of his raigne, licence is granted to the Scotia. 33. E. 3 
faid S' Thomas Berkeley of Vly to let his lands in Brugham, Merfinden, and '"' ^' 
Herfhill, in Scotland neere Berwike, which now lye wade and untilled, to what 
perfons hee would. SClli) the kinge at his requeft takes into his prote6lion, all fuch 
his tenants and farmers the better to encourage them to take of him ; And this the 
rather becaufe hee is nowe going with us into France, faith the kinge in this record. 



claus : 33. E. 3. 
dorfo. 



CljC 28'^ of Oftober following, the kinge took fhip, and with this S' Thomas ffin. 33. E. 3. 

de Berkeley of Vley, went S' Edward Berkeley, Si: Nicht Berkeley, S^ Simon Baffet !" ^' 

of Vley, Maurice fonne of Maurice Berkeley grandchild of Thomas then lord pars. 2. rn. 14. 15. 

Berkeley, Sr Peter de Veel and others of that family and neighborhood ; And the i8etpars.3.m. 3. 
kinge returned the I8'^ of May next after. 



^n the 35'^ of Edward the third, dyed the faid S' Thomas de Berkeley of fin. 35. E. 3. m. 4. 

Vley, the fryday before Micfimas day then twenty feaven years old ; And held the ^Lus. ik E 3. m. 

manors of Kingefweflon, Aylberton, Vley, and Kingflon Seimor, Joyntly with the *■ 3- 7- 

faid Katharine his wife, who furvived him. And the manors of Brightmerflon and pars. i. n? n. 

Mildefton in | the County of Somerfet to himfelf and his heires, And the manors fin- I'R- 2m:i». 

of Ruthnocke and Stratfeild in Hampfhire, leaving Maurice his fonne and heire Efcaet- n.R. 2. 

then three years old, whofe wardfliip for body and lands, was for fowerfcore marks fi" • 37- E. 3- m 8. 

, fin. 12.R. 2.m. 19. 
2 L granted 



258 



Efcaet. 1 1 : R. 2. 
pofl mort 
Katharine. 



€l)c Uibcjof of tl)c 25crHdcpsf 1321 

granted the 12* of November in the 27'^ of Edward the third by the kinge, to S' 
John de Thorpe to whom the faid Katharine was remarryed ; And fhee after dyed 
in the 1 1'*" of Richard the fecond. 



pat. 50. E. 3. pars. 
2. m. 4. 



franc : 3. R. 2. 



code : m. 25. 



C|)C 8'!" of January in the 50"* of Edward the third, the kinge granted to S' 
Edward Berkeley knight (of Durfley,) the cuftody of the mannor of Bradley in the 
County of Gloucefter, which was the faid Thomas Berkeleys of Uley deceafed, 
being in his hands in the minority of Maurice fonne and heire of the faid S' Thomas. 

CIjC forefaid Maurice Berkeley in June in the third of Richard the fecond, then 
wanting three monthes of his full age, goes over to the warrs in France in the 
retinue of S' Robert de Knolls. SHrib the 12* of July following Robert Cherlton 
and Hugh Farrington were by the Kinge affigned guardians of the faid Maurice 
fonne and heire of Thomas de Berkeley of Vley, yet within age : And goes into 
Britaine in the retinue of John Duke of Brittaine the kings brother, to take care of 
his eflate for a yeare following : In which voyage the faid Maurice de Berkeley is 
knighted. 



claus. 3 : R. 2. CljC fifteenth of February in the third of Richard the fecond, this S' Maurice 

'^' fueth his livery for the manors of Rockhampton, Stoke Gifford, and Walles, which 
fin[i]s in banco, by a fyne levyed in the time of Edward the third, were by John Mautravers knight 
entailed to himfelfe and the heires males of his body, And for default of fuch iffue 
to Thomas fonne of Banneret Maurice Berkeley of Vley knight and his heirs for 
ever ; which S' John Mautravers is now dead without iffue male. And the faid S' 
Thomas Berkeley is alfoe dead, And the f'^ S' Maurice is his fonne and heire, who 
now proveth his age and hath livery of thofe manors. 



franc. 6. R. 2. ^ClltJ in the 6'^ of Richard the fecond, this S' Maurice Berkeley of Uley goeth 

■ ^' againe to the warrs in ffrance. 

franc: 9. R. 2. ^Ulltl in the 9'.'' of Richard the fecond, the faid S' Maurice goeth againe in the 

""■ ■^^' retinue of Hugh le Difpenfer for the defence of Gaunt. | 

310 C!)C faid S'. Maurice de Berkeley in the fifteenth of Richard the fecond, was 

claus. 15. R. 2. Q^g Qf jj^g knights of Gloucefter fliire for the parliament. 
pars. I. in dorfo. 

vafcon. 17. R. 2. ^fjijj in the 17* of Richard the fecond, this S' Maurice went with John Duke 
of Aquitaine and Lancafter the kings unckle into Aquitayne. ^n 



1326 



nUe of fliBmiricc rt)c <ri)irli 



259 



■01n the 2I'^ of Richard the fecond ilTued out a Comiffion to Thomas lord 
Berkeley and others to enquire of the parcell of ground which this S' Maurice had 
inclofed at Stoke, and thereof made a parke without the kings lycence, wherein many 
of the kings leidge people claymed Comon ; As alfoe to arreft diverfe rebellious 
perfons in Stoke, Winterbourne, and Frampton, who warlikely arrayed had made 
feme attempts thereupon. 



pal. 2 J. R. 2. pars 
3. m. 23. in dorfo. 



5[n the firfl yeare of Henry the fourth, this S' Maurice for ten marks had 
lycence to alyen the manors of Kingefvveflon, Ailberton, and Rockhampton holdcn 
in Capite to S' John Berkeley of Beverflon and others, whereby hee eftated Jone 
his wife for life, And the next year dyed on faterday after Michaelmas day in the 
fecond of Henry the fourth, feifed of the manors of Brightmerflon and Mildeflon 
in the County of Wilts, And the manors of Kingefweflon Aylberton and Rock- 
hampton in the County of Glouceller, wherein the faid Jone hath her life ; And of 
the manors of Vley, Bradley, Stoke Gifford, and Walles in the faid County of 
Gloucefter ; And it is found that the faid Jone is gravida, great with child, which 
if it mifcarry. Then is Ifable daughter of Maurice Berkeley grandfather of this S' 
Maurice, nowe dead, his heire aged fifty years ; And the 21'!" of December follow- 
ing, the mannors of Kingefweflon, Aylberton, and Rockhampton were delivered to 
the faid Jone, to hold for her life accordingly. 



fin : I. H. 4. pars. 

2. m. 8. 

Pafch. fin. 12. R. 

2. rot. I. 

Efcaet. 2. H. 4. 

n<? 39. in com. 

Wilts. 

fin. 2. H.4. m.35. 

claus. 2. H. 4. m. 

19. pars. I. 

ult. voluntas ddli. 

Maur. 1400. 2 H. 

4. cum regiflra. 



3IonC is fhortly after deliver'd of a fonne called Maurice, the wardfhip of the claus. 2. H. 4. 

body and lands of which poflhumus Maurice, fonne and heire of the faid S' Maurice / „ 

' ^ pat. 3. H. 4. 

and Jone, was on the i6'l' of February in the fecond yeare of Henry the fourth pars. 1. m. 24. 
aforefaid, granted to S' Francis Court one of the kings knights : And againe alfoe 
the 28'^ of November in the third of the faid kinge. | 



511nl) this poflhumus Maurice fhortly after in the 8'^ year of Henry the fourth, 311 

then about eight years old, was by fi.x: Inquifitions in the feverall Counties of Wor- Efcaet. 8. H. 4.^ 
. . , . n? 46. pofl. mort 

cefter, Warwicke, Southhampton, Leicefter, Stafford, and Buckingham, after the jocofe vxoris 

death of Joyce the wife of S^ Hugh Burnell onely daughter and heire of John ""go^is Bumell. 

Buttetort Efq^ fonne of S^ John Buttetort knight, found to bee one of her cozens 

and heires, as alfoe of the faid John and S' John Buttetort ; That is to fay fonne of 

S' Maurice Berkeley fonne of S' Thomas Berkeley and Katharine his wife, one of 

the fifters and coheires of the faid John Buttetort Efrj^ children of the faid S' John 

Buttetort knight, whereby upon the partition afterwards made amongft the faid 

fifters and their iffues, the poffeffions of this poflhumus Maurice were much in- 

2 L 2 larged ; 



fin. 9. R. 2. m. 7. 
pat. 6. E. 4. pars. 
2. m : 5. 



i6o 



€f)c %i\ic0 of tljc 25crhricp3S{ 



1321 



larged ; And the manors of Weoly, Northfeild, and fome others in the County of 
Worcefler allotted to him and his heires. 

Efcaet. 9. H. 5^ ^Jjp office in the 9'^ of Henry the fifth, the faid Jone is found to have dyed in 

Johanns; et.io.H. the 1 3'!' of Henry the fourth, And the faid Maurice her fonne to bee nowe neere 
5. melius inquirend one and twenty yeares of age. 



fin. I. H. 6. m. i. 
clau: I. H. 6. m. 2. 
Efcaet. I. H. 6. n? 
23. jncoiii. Somfet 
pro Kingflon 
Seimor. 



'CijC 29'^ of July in the firft yeare of Henry the fixth the faid poflhumus 
Maurice fonne of the faid S'. Maurice and Jone, nowe of full age and a knight, 
fueth his livery for his lands in the fix Counties of Gloucefler, Wigorn, Stafford. 
Southton, Wilts, and Somerfet, which Henry the fourth and Henry the fifth had 
one and twenty yeares in ward. 



franc: 5. H. 6.m. '^n the fifth of Henry the fixth, this poflhumus S' Maurice went into France 

^' ■ in the Army of John Duke of Bedford Regent of France ; and had lycence to 
rot. Cambij. 5. H. , , . , , . , 

6. m : 6. retume fourty round to bee paid him there. 

fintg. H. 6. m. 17. SCittl in the nynth of Henry the fixth by the name of S^ Maurice Berkeley of 

Stoke knight was high-Sherife of Gloucefterfliire. 



claus : 9. H. 6. in 

dorfo: m : 7. 

pat. 24. H. 6. ps. I. 

dorfo et mult, at : 

312 



51!nt> in the fame yeare is inrolled a deed dated the twentieth of December in 
the eighth of Henry the fixth, whereby this pofthumus Sf Maurice by the name of 
S' Maurice Berkeley of Gifford Stoke, | knight, fettled the manor of Vleigh upon 
himfelf and Ellen his wife and the heires of their two bodies. The remainder to his 
own right heires : About which time it feemes hee married the faid Ellen. And for 
the mofl; part hee lived in Worcefterfliire where hee was long in Comiffion of the 
peace ; And was alfo in Comiffion of the peace in the County of Gloucefter in the 
Seaventeenth of Henry the fixth and allwayes after. 



Rot. pdoii. 36. CfjC kinge the 6'^ of January in the 36''' of Henry the fixt grants to this S' 

■ ■ Maurice by the name of Maurice Berkeley of Stoke, knight, als Maurice Berkeley 
of Vleigh, knight, a generall Pardon. 



claus : 38. H : 6. 
in dorfo : m. 22. 



Ci)C 4"" of February in the 38'^of Henry the fixt, this Sf Maurice Berkeley and 
John Bradftone Efq, became bound by recognizance to John Bifhop of Worcefter 
in . 400 . marks, with condition. That if the faid S' Maurice, Wittm, Thomas and 
Maurice his fonnes perform the award of Richard Choke the kings ferjant at lawe, 

and 



1326 Hife of lia^nuricf t()c Cfjirli 261 

and of William Nottingham the kings Atturncy, and of Thomas Younge, Arbitrators, 
indifferently chofen betweene the faid Bifliop and them, Then the recognizance to 
bee voyd. 

CflC 12'^ of July in the firft of Edward the 4'!' this pofthumus S' Maurice by Rot. pdon. i. E. 

the name of Maurice Berkeley of Weoly in the County of Worcefler, knight, ats "*' "^ ' '^' 

of Stoke Gifford in the County of Gloucefter, knight, hath another generall pardon ; 

And the 26''" of November in the 4'^ yeare of that kinge dyeth this pofthumus S' Efcaet. 4. E. 4. 

Maurice, feized of the often named manors of Kingefwefton, Aylberton, Rock- "; ^9- po^ "lort. 

, Mauric : Berkeley 

Hampton, Uleigh, Bradley, Stoke Gifford, and Walles, in the County of Glouc : mittis in diverfis 

And of Kingfton Seimor in the County of Somerfet, And of Rotherwike in the *-°'"- 

County of Southton, And of Brightmerfton and Mildefton in Wiltfhire, And that 

Wittm is his fonne and heire twenty and eight years old; after whofe death Ellen daus:4. E. 4. m. i. 

his wife was endowed by writ dated the 23!* of February in the faid 4'!* yeare of 

Edward the 4'^ in the prefence of the faid William Berkeley Efq^ fonne and heire 

of the faid pofthumus S' Maurice, in the Counties of Gloucefter, Somerfet, Worcefter, 

Hampftiire, and Wiltefs. | 

Ct)ij9^ Wittm Berkeley maryed Anne daughter of S' Humphry Stafford, And 313 

by deed dated the ^o"* of Aprill in the fifth of Edward the fourth fetled his manors ^^'i'"?' 9- E- 4- n>. 

•' . . . _ a6. m dorio. 

of Rockhampton and Vleigh in the County of Glouc : and his manors of Bright- 
merfton and Mildefton with the Advowfon of Mildefton in the County of Wilts, 
upon himfelf and the faid Anne his wife and the heires of their bodyes, with the 
remainder to the right heires of himfelf 

Cl)t 6'^ of November in the 9"" of Edward the fourth the kinge grants a Rot. pardon. 9. 
generall pardon to this Wittm Berkeley by the name of Wittm Berkeley of Weoly ^- 4- m- 21- 
in the County of Worcefter, ats Wittm Berkeley of Northfeild, ats Wittm Berkeley 
of Uleigh, ats Wittm Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, ats Wittm Berkeley of Briftoll, ats 
Wittm Berkeley of the City of Worcefter, Efquier. 

CI)C fecond of February in the 49''' of Henry the fixt, (ats the lo'"" of Edward ^qj. pdon: 49 H. 
the 4''',) this Wittm hath from Henry the 6'^ a generall pardon, by the name of 6 m. 5. 
Wittm Berkeley of Weoly in the County of WorceP, ats Wittm Berkeley fonne and 
heire of Maurice Berkeley of Vleigh, knight, deceafed, with four other ats diet. And Rot. Pardon 16 
in the 16''' of Edward the fourth hath another generall pardon with eight alias diet: ^- 4- ™- 4- 
It feemes that either hee or the times were fickley That hee foe often tooke phyfick 
of this kind. CJjC 



262 €iic Hitcjef of t!)c ^ctMep^ 1321 

claus: II. E. 4. (^fjf 23'^ of December in the 1 1**" of Edward the fourth this Wittm by the 

Mich:rec: 14. E. name of Wittm Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, Efq^ becomes bound to Ellen late the 
4. rot. 5. m fccio ^jfg Qf Maurice Berkeley, knight, in fifty pounds to pay thirty pounds the firll of 
November after. 



cum rem : thefaur. 



pat. II. E. 4. pars. 
2. m : 17. 



Indenture in y«pell 
office, bundle 8. 



CljC 13"" of December in the fame 1 1"* yeare, the kinge grants another generall 
pardon to this Wittm Berkeley of Weoly in the County of Wigorn, ats of Stoke 
Gifford, ats of Vley, Efquier. 

311nll in the 14"" of Edward the fourth this Wittm is by the kinge retained to 
ferve him in France with a band of men by Covenants agreed upon in a paire of 
Indentures between them, yet remaining in the pell office at Weflminfler. | 



314 ^n Aprill in the fifteenth of Edward the fourth, this Wittm Berkeley by the 

4.m: 23! name of Wittm Berkeley late of Weoly ats of Vleigh, Efquier, goes beyond feas 
with George Duke Clarence the kings brother. 



Rot. claus : 1 6. E. 
4. m: 15. in dorfo: 

fin: 15. E. 4.m: 19. 



Cl)C 24* of January in the 14"' of Edward the 4* Ellen lady Berkeley of Stoke 
Gifford widowe, late the wife of S' Maurice Berkeley, knight, releafeth to Maurice 
Berkeley, Efq^, her third fonne, all her right in the manors of Bradley, Wotton, 
Nibley, Comb iuxta Wotton, and in Bradflon which the faid Maurice late held to 
him and the heires of his body by the grant of Wittm Berkeley late of W'eoly in 
the County of Wigorn, Efq^., his eldefl brother: which Maurice dyes in the i8'''of 
Edward the fourth. 



I 



Mich: rec: in fccio 
cum rein thefaur: 
27. Eliz: rot. 108. 
original. 16. H. 7. 
rot. 48. 55. in fccio 
cum rem thefaur. 
Rec: 23. H. 7. 
rot. 17. 



Terin pafch. 16. 

H. 7. in banco. 

Glouc : Sorn 

Wiltefs. 



'C!)iiS S^ Wittm Berkeley, (knighted about the firft of Richard the third,) was 
by parliament in the firft of Henry the 7"" attaynted of treafon by takeing part with 
that kinge, flaine at Bofworth feild in the third of his raigne ; And his manor of 
Stoke Gifford and others which by his Attaynder efcheated to the Crowne, were 
fhortly after granted by Henry the y^^ to his unckle Jefper Earle of Penbroke and 
the heires males of his body : Howbeit this Sr Wittm obtained fome part of his old 
poffeffions by compofition in the 4''' of Henry the feaventh ; And in the 1 1'^ of that 
kinge was reftored by parliament in bloud ; And haveing been tamperinge with the 
faid Earle of Pembroke for rehaveinge of all his lands, the faid Earle dyes without 
lawfull iffue in the fame 1 1'^ yeare of Henry y" 7''' And alfoe this S' Wittm dyes five 
years after in the iG'*" of that kinge, leaving iffue two fonnes, Richard Berkeley of 
Stoke Gifford and John Berkeley of Bradley, not haveinge (as it may feeme) fully 
revefted himfelf in all his ancient inheritance before hee dyed. Cije 



1326 



Hifr of a^aurifc tftc <ri)irb 



263 



Clje faid Richard eldeft fonnc of the faid S^ Wittm, by the grant of Henry the °'^*j^''''- '^- ^^- 7- 

7''' in the faid yeare of his fathers death, became perfecflly fetled in his fathers old Mich.rec. 27. Elir 

poffcffions; And after maryed Elizabeth daughter of S' Humphry Conifby, by whom Mi"ch°ec 8 H 8 

hee had iffue S'John Berkeley of Stoke knight, and S' Maurice Berkeley of Bruton rot. 40. 

kni", Anne maryed to S' Thomas Speke knit^ht, Mary maryed to S' Wittm ffrancis, rot 39. 

and Dorothy firll maryed to S' Nicholas Waddam, and | fecondly to M' Gibbes, of 3^5 

which daughters is plentifull iffue ; And after the f'' Richard dyed in the fifth yeare Efcaet. 5. H. 8. 

in C^titicdlAr 
of Henry the eighth feized of the often mentioned manors of Stoke Gifford, Vleigh, 

Kingefweflon, Rockhampton, and Berwike, in the County of Glouc: and of divers 

others in other Counties ; (having in the 23'^ of Henry the 7'*" fold his manor of 

Kingefton Seimor to S' Thomas Try,) leaving John Berkeley his fonne and heire 

then three years old. 

CI)C faid John Berkeley eldeft fonne of the faid Richard maryed Ifable daughter Original. 32. H. 8. 
of S^ Wittm Denis of Durham, grandchild of Maurice lord Berkeley the fifth of that |?^t. 44. b fccfo ^' 
name, the Marques Berkeleys brother and heire, by whom hee had iffue Richard 2m. rem. thes. 
Mary and Elizabeth : And in the 35"^ of Henry the S'!" fold to Richard Buckland 
Marchant, and others, his faid manors of Brightmarftone and Mildeftone in the 
County of W^ilts, which had lineally defcended in this line from the firft guift thereof 
made to Banneret Maurice in the 1 1* of Edward the 2^. as before is written. ^°'' 1^3 'S] 

5CnD the faid S' John in the ;^y^^ of Henry the 8'^, (knighted the yeare before,) voluntas Jofiis 
dyed of an hurt received by the fplinter of a (hip, (as I have been informed,) at ,^^cu?prerog.^'*^' 
Portefmouth, which in the 24''' of June in that yeare. Anno. 1545. caufed an addition CanI 
to his will, as therein appears, leaving the faid Richard his eldeft fonne to bee the 
kings ward, then of the age of fowerteen yeares : whereby this faire branch may 
perceive it felf in the feaven laft defcents fince it iffued from the elder ftock to have 
been five times in ward, And the profits of their lands for 72 yeares duringe thofe 
wardfhips taken by the Crown. 



Ci)C faid Richard, eldeft fonne of the faid S' John Berkeley, firft mar)^ed 
Elizabeth daughter to Wittm Read of Milton Efcj, by whom hee had iffue Henry 
Berkeley, Elizabeth maryed to S' Thomas Throkmorton of Tortworth knight, 
Mary maryed to S' John Hungerford of Down ampny, knight, and Katharine 
marryed to Rowland Lee of Longborrow Efq!, Ann and Dorothy ; Of whom, and 
of Mary and Elizabeth, fifters of this S' Richard and their feverall iffues, read after 
in the life of Maurice lord Berkeley, the fifth of that name : And fecondly mar}^ed 

Ellenor 



Mich : fines 26. 
Eliz.rot.S. in fccio 
cum rem : thefauf. 



fol. [627] 



264 €l)e %i\it^ of tfft S^crhdcpjat 1321 

Ellenor daughter of S' Robert Jermy Efq' and widowe of Robert Rowe Efquire, 
fon of S' Thomas Rowe Knight, by whom hee had noe iffue ; which Ellenor is yet 
liveinge . Anno . 1628. | 

316 Cl^i^ S' Richard, (whofe unvaluable worth and well defervings in his Country 

governments I many years obferved,) was knighted about the ii"" yeare of Queen 
Elizabeth, And was in the 38''' yeare of her raigne made Leivtenant of the Tower, 
to whofe trufl, (before commitment to that prifon,) Robert Deverox Earle of Effex 
was comitted, to bee kept at Effex houfe in the 42"' yeare of the faid Oueene. 

3Cnl> was author of that excellent booke entituled A difcourfe of the felicity of 
man or his fummum bonum, printed in Anno. 1598. the fortieth year of Queen 
Elizabeth ; from whofe good counfells, in the firfl of kinge James, what time hee 
was intreated by Henry then lord Berkeley to keep the Solempnity of the feafl of 
Chriflmas with him and others of like ranke at Berkeley Caflle, I willingly acknow- 
ledge, (as from his faid booke,) to have reaped profit and advantage: nothinge therein 
amiffe fave the printers error in printing his name Barckley for Berkeley : hee was 
one of the knights of his County for the parliament in the firfl of Kinge James, 
whofe Affociate was S' Thomas Berkeley father of the nowe lord George : And 
buried in the was high Sherife of the County in the feaventh of Elizabeth, A deputy Leivtenant 
Gants church, ^j- ^j^ bounty, And dyed in the fecond of Kinge James, leaving Henry his fonne 
and heire, and others as aforefaid : having alyened his manor of Rockhampton as 
formerly is mentioned to the perticular Tenants thereof; As likewife hee did his 
manor of Vley in the S'*" of Elizabeth, And his manor of Kingfweflon to Wittm 
Winter Efq' in the 1 2'^ of Elizabeth the old poffeffions of his Anceflors, as formerly 
appeareth. 

•CtjC faid Henry eldefl fonne of the faid S' Richard marryed Mirryell daughter 
of Thomas Throkmorton of Caughton in the County of Warrwick Efq', by whom 
hee had iffue Richard Berkeley of Stoke that yet lives, Anno . 1624, Elizabeth 
dead without iffue, and Margaret marryed to John Tomlinfon of Brifloll Marchant, 
who have iffue Richard. 

(^fjC faid Richard Berkeley, fonne and heire of the faid Henry, firfl maryed 
Mary daughter of Robert Rowe aforefaid, fifler of Sir Thomas Rowe, Knight, 
Chancellor of the mofl noble order of the Garter, between whome is iffue S' Maurice 
Berkeley knight, Elizabeth, Helena marryed to George Elliot of Godallminge in 

the 



1326 Hifc of ifl^tiurifc tl)c *ri)irli 265 

the County of Surry F.fcj", | Mirriell in:iryetl to John fldcft fonne of Anthony 317 
Abington of Dowdfwell Hfci", John, Thomas, Giles, Katharine, Mary, Margarett, 
Richard, and Robert, that nowe are Anno. 1624. And fecon[d]ly maryed Jane the 
double widowe of two remarkable gentlemen of the name of Molins, by whom hee 
hath noe ilTue. 

5'n the deferved commendations of the excellent endowments of the faid 
Richard, one of the deputy Leivtenants of the County of Glouc, And for which 
hee was in the 12"!' of kinge James chofen one of the knights of y' Shire for the 
parliament, I would as profufely poure out large praifes as of any gentleman I know 
in the Weft of England ; but fufpition of flattery, (with tJiofe that know him not 
nor mee.) is to bee avoyded : Hee yet fk)uriflieth at Randcombe in that County 
Anno . 1628. 

CljC faid S' Maurice Berkeley knight, eldeft fonne of the faid Richard, firft 
maryed Elizabeth daughter of S^ Edward Coke knight, late cheife Juftice of 
England, by Elizabeth his fecond wife, widowe of Wittm Hatton ats Newport 
knight, by whom hee hath iffue Frances only; And fecondly maryed Mary daughter 
of S' George Tippinge of Whitfeild in Oxfordfhire knight, by whome hee hath iffue 
Richard and George, Anno . 1628. 

CI)tSf S' Maurice through the great hopes of his Country conceived of him, 
was chofen knight of the Shire for the parliament in the iS'l" yeare of kinge James, 
then not. 22 . years of age, 5fi!lb fecondly in the 2I'^ yeare of the faid kinge, 'Sfillll 
thirdly for the parliament holden in the firft yeare of kinge Charles : Then alfo 
made one of the deputy Leivtenants of his County : And with much quiet reapeth 
the fruite of a peaceable Country life at Stoke Gifford aforefaid, the antient and 
often mentioned feat of his Anceftors Anno. 1628, newly become the father of his 
faid fecond fonne. 

CIjC faid S' Maurice Berkeley of Bruton, fecond brother of the forefayd S' Berkeley of 
John Berkeley, was ftandard bearer to kinge Henry the S'!" king Edw? the 6''' and 
Queen Elizabeth ; and dyed in the 23'*" yeare of her raigne : And by Katharine his 
firft wife, daughter of Wittm Blount lord Mountjoy and widowe of Champer- 

noun, had iffue three fonnes all knights viz' : S' Henry Berkeley of Bruton, ST 
Edwafd Berkeley, who after maryed Elizabeth Berkeley of Bradley, widow of 
Edward Berkeley Efq' of whome | after, Sf Francis Berkeley of Ireland, (all 318 

2 M remarkable 



266 €l)c Hibc^ of tf)c 25cthdcp^ 1321 

remarkable gentlemen in their times and martially inclined,) and three daughters 
Gertrude, marryed to Edward Home Efq', Elizabeth marryed to Perfevall 

Efq', and Anne marryed to S' Nicholas Poyntz late of Simmondfall knight, of 
whom is iffue Robert Poyntz and others, As alfo is iffue of the other two daughters. 

(CI)C faid S' Henry Berkeley eldeft fonne of the faid Sf Maurice maryed 
Margery daughter of Wittm Ligon Efq' and widowe of S' Thomas Ruffell, by 
whome hee had iffue S' Maurice Berkeley knight and others, And after dyed in 
the 43''' of Elizabeth. . • ' 

(^l)f faid S' Maurice Berkeley, eldeft fonne of the faid S' Henry, maryed 
Elizabeth daughter of S' Wiftm Killigree knight, by whom hee had iffue S^ Charles 
Berkeley, Maurice, Slayne at the Ifle of Ree, William, John, Margaret and Jone 
that nowe are . Anno . 1624 . And after the faid Sf Maurice dyed in the i^'^ of 
fol. [630] Kinge James. Of whom read more in the life of Maurice lord Berkeley the fifth 
of that name. 

Berkeley of CijC faid S' Maurice Berkeley of Bruton, fecond brother of the faid S' John . 

Boycourt in Kent. Berkeley, was fecondly marryed to Elizabeth daughter of Anthony Sands of 
Throughby in the County of Kent Efq' ; And was of the bedchamber to Queene 
Elizabeth, And lyeth honorably buried in the parifh Church of Clerkenwell ; By 
whom the faid Si: Maurice had iffue Robert Berkeley, John Berkeley knight, dead 
without iffue, and Margaret ; the faid Robert dyed in the yeare of kinge 

James, And is buried in the Cathedrall church of Canterbury with this Epitaph. 

Hee thats imprifoned in this narrow roome, 
Wert not for cuftome, needs noe verfe nor Tombe ; 
Nor can from thence, a monument bee lent 
To him, thatmuft bee his tombes monument : 
And from the vertues of his lafting fame 
Ad honor to his hearfe, nor that unto his name ; 
ffor when this gaudy monument is gone, 
Children of the unborn world that fee the ftone 
That covers him, will to their fellowes cry 
Tis here, Tis here abouts, Berkeley doth lye. 
To build his tombe then was not thought foe fafe 
Whofe virtues muft outlive his Epitaph. | 



1326 



■llifc of fll^nuricc tfjc vTljirD 



267 



3Cn& by Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Lougher Efquier, a docflor of 319 

the civill lawe, the faid Robert leaft iffue four fonnes : viz' Michaell Berkeley, 
Maximillian, Maurice, and John ; And two daughters : viz! Anne marryed to M' 
Henry Kinge, eldeft fonne of dotlor John Kinge late Bifliop of London, and 
Penelope, that nowe are . Anno . 1624 . and the faid Anne hath iffue John and 
Henry Kinge, Anno 1628. Of which Michaell Berkeley his proper worth ties 
mee to teftifye, That hee hath poliflied his excellent wit with learned fludies, and 
the profitable ufe of many years travells in the cheifeft Chrillian Cities and king- 
doms. 



Cl^ forefaid John Berkeley of Bradley, younger brother of the faid Rich^ Berkeley of 
Berkeley of Stoke, by Katharine his wife daughter of S' Richard Deverox lord ^^ ^^' 
Ferrars, had iffue James Berkeley of Bradley, who by Joyce his wife daughter of 
Mf Pettit had iffue John, Brice, Joyce, Jane and Anne. 



iCljC faid John fonne of John dyed in the fifth of Oueene Mary without iffue. 
The faid Brice by Anne his wife daughter and co-heire of Tho' Whittington Efq' 
had iffue Elizabeth only, and dyed in the 21"" of Elizabeth ; who had to her firft 
hufband Edward Berkeley Efqr who lyeth buried in the Chappell at Berkeley 
Church, And dyed in the ig'** year of Queen Eliz. ; To her fecond hufband S! 
Edward Berkeley, and to her third, Nicholas Strangewayes Efq^, All whom fhee 
furvived, haveing had noe iffue by any of them, and dyed in the Tenth of kinge 
James at Bradley by Wotton, where fliee lyeth buryed. 

Cl)C faid Joyce, fifler of John and Brice, was maryed to Wittm Stumpe Efq!, 
and had iffue James and John : James by the daughter of Edward Bainton had 
iffue Elizabeth onely, marryed to S' Henry Knevett, who had iffue Katharine 
maryed to Thomas Howard Earle of Suffolk, nowe lord high Treaforer of Eng- 
land : 161 7 . and Elizabeth maryed to Thomas Clinton nowe Earle of Lincoln, 
Anno. 161 7 . of both whom are many noble decendants : And Frances maryed to 
S' William Bevill, of whom alfo is iffue ; And alfo of the faid John Stumpe is 
plentifull iffue. 

Wi^ faid Jane, the fecond fifler of the faid John and Brice, is dead w'^out iffue. 

CfjC faid Anne their third fifter was married to Thomas Champneis of Elberton 
in Berkeley hundred, who had iffue, Henry, Anne and Bridget : Of Henry Champ- 
neis is plentifull iffue ; Anne his fifler is dead without iffue : And | Bridget was 320 

2 M 2 marryed 



Original, in Sccio. 
I E. 6. pars 3. 
rot. 7. 12. cum 
rem. thefaur. 



268 



€l)e EibCjS of tlic 25crhricpj^ 



1321 



marryed to John Afide of Vpton Cheiney in the Parifli of Bitton, his firft wife, who 
had iffue Edward Afide, Anne marryed to WiUiam Harte, Jane marryed to Henry 
Stubbs, and Margaret marryed to John Britton of Bitton, who are all in life and 
have plentifull iffues, Anno. 161 7. . ' 



Berkeley of 

Shropfhire. 

Rot. protedl. et 

attorn : Scotiae. 28. 

E. I. Comp. Rec. 

in caflro de 

Berkeley. 



3. 3fof)n Berkeley, third fonne of this lord Maurice, is the Stocke father of the 
families of the Berkeleys of ShropHiire, from whom they are defcended ; Of him I 
have not found whereof further to inlarge myfelf. Then that in the 28''' yeare of 
Edward the firft, hee was with his father and two elder brothers in Scotland at the 
expugnation of the Caftle of Carelaveroke, held inexpugnable. 



Origin: manufcript gjluij Hkewife at the warres againfl the -Scots in the 29 . 3o'^ and 32'^ yeares of 

de Aflaeflon in that kinge ; And Hkewife in the Journey into France in the firfl of Edward the 
Com Norf : fg^ond ; All which are more largely mentioned in the lives of his faid father and 
elder brothers. 



diverfae cartae in 

CaflrodeBerkeley. 

magn : chartul : 

it)m fol. 33. 

Rot. claus : 17. 

E. 2. m : II. 



carta cum lotie 

Somers de Came. 

dat. 20. Novem : 

18. Eliz : 



pat. 6. E. 3. pars. 
I. in dorfo. 



25p feverall conveyances in the 8*1' 11'!' 13"'' and fifteenth yeares of kinge 
Edward the fecond, his father the lord Maurice conveyed to this third fonne for his 
better maintenance, the lide manor of Kingefwefton in Kingefweflon, the manor of 
Wefton Lawrence, and divers lands in Cromhale, Awre, and Ettelowe, in the 
County of Gloucefter : And upon the feaft day of the Epiphany in the fifteenth of 
the faid kinge, his faid father, (a few dayes before his own committment to Walling- 
ford Caftle,) conveyed to him and the heires males of his body,' All- his lands and 
tenements at Plaunches in Came with the fervices of his Tenants there, which his 
father the lord Thomas had purchafed of Thomas Monmoth lord of Planches, 
rendringe for the fame yearly on midfomer day Unam capellam rofa^,^ one chaplet 
or garland of Rofes for all fervices. And this farme of Planches continued in the 
male line of this John Berkeley untill the 18"' yeare of Oueene Elizabeth, what 
time Wittm Berkeley of Creffage in the parifli of Cond in Shrops' for . 190!' alyened 
the fame to Lawrence Somers and his heires, whofe fonne John Somers nowe 
liveth in the fame. And for his garland of rofes payeth one peny rent yearly to the 
manor of Came . Anno . 1622 . And for thefe lands of Plaunches in Came did 

Katharine 
1 Rents of Rofes were very common in Mediaeval times, as common as rents of Barley-corns and 
Pepper-corns have been in modern, and thefe varied in colour— red during the Lancaftrian jeigns and 
white when the Yorkifls fucceeded to the crown. They were ufually made payable on the feaft of St. 
John Baptift. Any number of examples might be quoted; we will mention only one. In 1566 a rent 
of " a Chaplet of white Rofes was paid to the Crown for lands in Gafk, at the Manor of Gafk, on the 
feaft of St. John Baptift," (Hift. MSS., Com., v. 623.) but the rent was ufually a fmgle rofe. [Ed.] 



1326 



Hifc of ili^auricc tljc CftirD 



269 



Katharine the widowe of Monmoth arraigne an Affize againft this John, by the 
name of John fonne of Maurice de Berkeley. 

Efcaet. in arce 
J!t)i]^ John was in the fifteenth of Edward the fecond, found by Jury to partake london. 15. E. 2. 

with this lord Maurice his father againfl that kinge ; whereupon his lands by the „, ,, 

Sherife of the County of Glouc: were feized into | that kinges hands : howbeit in 321 

the yeare following hce found meanes to have a certificate That hee was none of fQ^rifaft pars 2 

thofe that refufed to come to the kinge then goinge againft his Contrariants, when 16. E. 2. m. 17. 

hee was fent for, And thereupon had reftitution to his faid lands. 

25ctlllcniC the fetting of kinge Kdward the fecond's funne, and the dawning of P^'- '• ^- 3- P^rs. 
his fonnes raigne, kinge Edward thethird, (then but cuflos of the Realme,) made Rot. perv : clans, 
this John, togeather with his fecond brother, keeper of Briftoll Caftle, which office '• • 3- •" : : 
and charge in the yeare following, was rendred for the ground why this John was 
pardoned his ferviceinto Scotland With the kinge, which otherwife hee ought to 
have performed for the knights fees he held in Capite, faith the record. 

CI)i|ef John Berkeley had iffue John, who was called alfoe John de Planches cartae in caflro 
from the faid farm of Planches, And hee had iffue John Berkeley ats diet Planche, vafcon. 36 E. 3. 
from the faid farm alfoe ; To whom in the Twentieth of Edward the fixth, Thomas m- 2- 
Wike lord of Durfley granted an Anuity of fourty fhillings p ann for his life ; And g. 4: rot. 353. in 
this John had iffue Edmond, father of John, who by the marriage of the daughter banco in com. 
and heire of John Feckenham, in the County of Worcefter Efq' rnlarged his claus : 20. H. 6. 
poffeffions with the moyties of the manors of Bradley and Stoke in that County ; ™ • '3- '4- et. 17. 
by whom hee had iffue Edmond, who by Elizabeth his wife daughter of M' Poyner 
of Bef.ow Efqf had iffue John, who by Sibill his wife daughter of John Mempaffe 
gent, had iffue two fonnes Edward and William, and a daughter called Alice 
marryed to Henry Stanley of le Hal in the County of Radnor Efqf The faid 
Edward was of the meniall retinue' of Thomas lord Berkeley the fifth of that name, 
and dyed in his houfe without iffue about the twentieth yeare of Kinge Henry the 
eighth ; And the faid Wittm brother of the faid Edward was firft maryed to 
Katharine daughter of Wittm Chambers Efq' And fecondly to Elizabeth daughter 
of Richard Day Efq' by both whom hee had iffue as followeth. 



dorfo. 



23p the faid Katharine his firft wife, hee the faid Wittm had iffue Thomas, and 
Edmond ; which Thomas by Jane his firft wife, daughter and he're of Wittm ffelton 
of Eudnes in the County of Salop Efq", enlarged his eftate with the manors of 

Eudnes 



270 



Clic Hibc^ of tijc 25nrftdEpsf 



1321 



Eudnes and Aftrell in the fame County, by whom hee had iffue George Berkeley 
that dyed without iffue, ffrancis Berkeley of Eudnes nowe living. Anno. 1622 . who 
hath marryed Elizabeth daughter of Rowland Dutton of Hatton in the County of 
322 Chefter Efq!', and others : And the | faid Thomas by Frances his fecond wife, 
daughter of M' Hanbury of Beanhall in the County of Worcefter Efq', had iffue 
two daughters, Suzan and Margarett, from whome are iffue Anno . 1622. And the 
faid Edmond brother to the faid Thomas, by Mary his firfl wife, daughter of the 
faid Wittm ffelton hath iffue Francis, William, Samuell, Chriflobell, and Hefter, of 
whome are iffue Anno. 1622 . ; And by Rebecca his fecond wife hath iffue Ifaack. 

^l^C forefaid Wittm brother of the faid Edward, who dyed without iffue, dyed 
in the 44'!' of Elizabeth ; And was hee that is before mentioned to have alyened the 
farme of Planches ; And by the faid Elizabeth his fecond wife daughter of Richard 
Day Efq^ had iffue Wittm, who by Frances his wife, daughter of George Detton of 
Detton in the County of Salop, hath iffue, Samuell, George, William, Edward, 
Mary, Elizabeth, Anne, Frances, Martha, Suzanna, Hefter, Jane and others, Anno 
. 1622. Sl^Ote of this fair branch I am not inabled to write, through want of help 
from their perticular evidence. 



Comp. de Alking- 

ton 20. E. 2. in 

caflro de Berkeley. 



4. <lButlO de Berkeley, fometime written Ivo, the fourth fonne of this lord, 
(named after his mothers father the lord Zouch,) was bred a fcholler in Oxford, At 
whofe inception there, (foe is the word,) the twentieth of Edward the fecond, the 
parfon of Slimbridge, (which I conceive to bee his Vnckle James,) prefented him 
with a boare, which in the feedinge had eaten one Quarter and two BuHiells of 
beanes. 



pat. I. E. 3. pars. 
I. m : 20. 



CljC third, of March in the yeare followinge, beinge the firft of Edward the 
third, the kinge gave him the prebend of Yago in the Church of S' Patricke of 
Dublin in Ireland. 



pat. 2. E. 3. pars. 
I. m : 2. 



Comp. de Alking- 

ton 2. E. 3. in call. 

de Berk. 

Com ; Rec: code 

anno ibm. 



2[l)C 3I'^ of May in the fecond of Edward the third, this Eudo is by the kinge 
prefented to the Church of Lampradevaur [?] in the Dioces of Si Davids in Wales: 
which the next yeare, the kinge refuminge, afilgned him one hundred pounds in 
prebendaries in lieu thereof 

3|n the end of which fecond yeare hee dyed at Bradley by Wotton under edge, 
whilfl the lord Thomas his elder brother there kept houfe, as after followcth ; And 

WclS 



1326 Uifc of Sl^nuruc tl)c Zi\ivti 271 

was buried in the monaftry of Kingefwood one mile from thence, not then paft the 

age of. 23 . yeares : for the better repofe of whofe foule, each night from his .death eo^/.a^n'^no'^^ ''^'^ 

to his buriall, was a dirige fonge, And after his funerall, were his tricennalia, his com : garde;ob : 

trentalls or monthes mind, celebrated at Glouc: and Brifloll, by the fryers minors | |jj'^ *' ' ^' ^^^' 

fryers preachers and Carmelites. CfjC charges of his funerall at Bradley and Kingf- 323 

wood Abby cofl — 06'.' 1 1* 06*! ob. 

5. 3i^ftCt the fifth fonne of this lord, was alfo bred a Scholler at the fame time, Comp : hofpic: 2. 
and under the fame Tutor, with his brother Eudo : To whome king Edward the ggf)^. 

third the tenth of December in the firil of his raigne gave the prebend Ywerne P=*' '• E- s- pars. 
Minrtre belonging to the Abby of Shafton. 

Cfjf 1 7'^ of May in the fecond yeare of his raigne, the kinge writes to the Pope Rot. Roma 2. E. 
to difpenfe with the age of this Peter, That hee might receive his ecclefiaflicall pro- ™' ^' 
motion with cure of Soules, being now twenty yeares old, whofe honor and profit 
hee much defires : And writes alfoe to fome of the Cardinalls to affifl him in the 
prpfecution of this grace. 

Ct)f firfi: of January in the 4"!" of his raigne, the kinge gives him the prebend pat. 4- E. 3. pars, 
of Horton, fix miles from Berkeley, belonging to the Church of Salifbury: ^^ • ^ . ^^^ 

2. m : 18. 

C()C 12'!' of Aprill the fame yeare, this Peter is fetled by the kinge in the j^nj"*. • 3- P^"- 
office of praepofitura in the Church of Wells ; which place, although the kinge pat. 9. E. 3. pars, 
exprefly forbids to queflion, yet a long controverfy arofe thereupon ; But beinge ''^t ,0 £ ^ p^ps 
nowe become the kings chaplen, in the end hee carryed it ; And after had another 3TO-4-et 25- E. 3. 

prebendary in that Church from the kings guift. pat 14. E. 3. pars. 

3. m. 16. 

2llnll the 25'^ of November in the 14'*' of his raigne the kinge gives more to pat. 15.E. 3. pars, 
him the prebend of Brithelinge, in his free Chappie of Haflings, in the Dioces of ^' ™' '^ 
Chichefter. 

i^Ct dyed in the is'!" of that kinges raigne, 1341, then about 32 years old, And Comp. Rec. 15. E. 

^yas buryed at Horton aforefaid, where hee had a prebend that belonged to the ggrk • 

Church of Salifbury as before is faid ; And where a Chaplen had — 53? 4"! by the pat. roll: 21. E. 3. 

yeare allowed to finge maffe for his foule. ™ 5- et ^°- 

6. 3fi6fablc onely daughter of this lord Maurice, was two years after his death by comp. Rec. i. et. 

the care of her eldeft brother the lord Thomas, marr\-ed at Berkeley Caftle in June ' E. 3. comp. 

. hofpic. 2. E. 3. 
m 



272 



€Ijc Hibc^ of tt)c 23crhdcp^ 



1321 



pafch. rec: 6. E. 3. j^^ ^^^ fecond veare of Edward the third, to Robert lord CHfford the young-er ; upon 
rot. 6. Glouc. in •' . 

Sccio the death of whofe father Robert, the lord Berkeley fuppofeing his fonne to bee 

claus 2^E x mTe within age, bought his marriage of the kinge for — 500'!' Howbeit by Inquifition it 

324 proved that hee was of full age : whereupon after | the labour of fower yeares, and 

the expence incident to futes of that condition, hee got againe his money out of the 

Exchequer. 

I^OtC that in the private evidence of this lord, both father and fonne are written 
Roger, but in the records Robert Clifford. 



Comp. Recept. 2. 

E. 3. in caflro de 

Berke : 

Comp : hofpicij 

ibm 2. E. 3. 

rot. claus. 2. E. 3. 

dorfo. 



comp. Recept. 
pi-didt. 



Newl : pedegr : in 

cafl.ro de Berkeley. 

Inq : in Com. 

Soiiifet I. E. 3. 

manca pod mort. 

Mauric ; in arce 

london. 



3ri)E portion given with this lady in marriage by her faid brother, was one 
thoufand pounds, and fifty marks, payable by — 333". 6^ 8"^. a yeare, fecured by a 
recognizance in Chancery : Towards the rayfmg whereof her brother levied 511pb of 
his freeholders : The weddinge apparell was in a gown of Cloth bruni fcarloti of 
brown fcarlett with the cape furred, lyned with the beft muniver: ^ffC lord Berkeley 
her brother and his lady, beinge, (for the more honor of the bride,) apparelled in 
the like habit : w"** howfoever nowe out of ufe, yet time may returne us the fame 
fafhion, before this parchment whereon I write bee turned into duft, as the Receivers 
accompt almofl is, my warrant for this paffage : her faddle with the furniture cofl; 
five pound fetched from London : I have not found any iffue that fhee had. 

Cfte feale this lord ufed in the lifetyme of his father, was as his fathers, with 
the difference of a file and three lambeaux ; Afterwards for the fhort time of his 
liberty as his fathers without any variation. 




Note.— The firft Seal is an exa6l fac fimile of Smyth's drawing, but the legend fhould certainly 
read :s'MAVRicr:DE:BERKE', eye: 

J^is 2Dcnt^ nnb ^iatt of 25urian 

^Ijijgi lord Maurice dyed a prifoner in the Caflle of Wallingford y' 31'!' day of 
May . Anno . 1326 . in the 19"' yeare of king Edward the fecond, then aged about 
forty fix yeares, of which hee fate lord fower yeares ten months and ten days : 
Howbeit of that fliort terme hee only enjoyed liberty five months and fowerteen 

days. 



1326 



Hifc of !!!l^auricc tt)e Ci)trti 



273 



days. From Wallingford where his body was firll hurycd, It was by the care of 
his fonne and heire within the yeare following, removed and folemly buryed in 
the I monaftery Church of S! Auguftines by Briftoll, in the fouth lie under the Arch 
before the quire doore; And when his firft Aniverfary day came to bee folempnized, 
his eldeft fonne fpent in the folemnity thereof in maffes and doales &c — 9'! ii' 6'! 
whereby 'appears the miftake of Grafton, writing that to this lord Maurice was 
comitted the cuftody of kinge Edward the fecond in his Caille of Berkeley, whereas 
hee was dead fix monthes before, and a prifoner to that kinge as moft playnly hath 
been declared ; which error Grafton feemes to have taken from the manufcript of 
Robert de Gloucefter, as more largely followes in the life of the next lord Thomas. 



Carta in Caflro 
de. Berk. 

325 

com p. rec. i. E. 
3. in Caflro de 
Berkeley. 
Grafton chron : 
fo : 213. 

Rob', de Glouc. 
in vita. E. 3. cum 
Rob t Cotton mitte 
fol. [346J 



25cingr in prifon hee made his will, nameing Thomas his eldcfl fonne at that certificate 5. E 3. 



in caflro de Berk : 
compide Portbury 



time a prifoner alfoe in Pevenfey Caftle in Suffex, William of Avening a preift his 
Chaplen and Receiver, John Champneis and Henry Rokehill his Steward, his itjm.u. e 
Executors, which was after proved before the Biiliop of Worcefter, which I have 
not yet met withall. 



Cf)U^ I leave this reftlefs lord at reft, difrobed of thofe Armes which . 22 . 
tymes in the Voyages of foe many years hee had put on, in the fervices of the two 
kings Edward the firft and Edward the fecond, in theire feverall warres againft the 
VVelih, Scots, & French ; as formerly in the life of the lord Thomas his father and 
of himfelf from matter of record, and of evidence and hiftory not to bee excepted 
againft, hath beene mentioned in particuler. 

J^i^ lanD^ tD!)crcof Ijcc l>pcD ^afcijcD 

Co ayde me in this title, is only one Inquificon after this lords death in the 
County of Somerfet remaining unperiflied in the Kings Courts, And that alfo much 
maymed ; Howbeit by the kings feazures of his lands almoft five yeares before hee 
dyed, and his receiving the profits thereof all that time, and the returne of thofe clivers: compi:in 
Accompts into Berkeley Caftle, I find that hee had at his commitment the two 16. 17. 18. 19. E. 
burrough townes of Berkeley and Wotton, and the manors of Wotton Forren, ^et- '• et. 2. E. 3. 
T T (Ml • • ^°^ ^'^ '■ 'S- ^- ^' 

Hame, Alkmgton, Hinton, Hurft, Slimbridge, Came, Cowley, Simondfall, Awre, m. 15. 

Rockhampton, Kingftanley, | Kingfwefton, Stanley Pountlarge, Snedham, and the 326 
hundreds of Berkeley and Blideflowe, and divers faire farmes lands and rents in 
Frampton upon Seavern, Upton S? Leonard, Ettelowe, Awre, Arlingham, Wike, 
and Faveild, in the County of Gloucefter, And the Advowfons of Slimbridge and Kfcaet. i. E. 3. 
Wotton. And the manors of Portbury, Wintred, Milverfton, Portefhued, Bright- Somerfct.'^°'" 
2 N marfton, 



274 €l)c Ei\JCjBf of tijc 25ctftdcp^ 1321 

Original :in Sccio marflon, Tykenham and Bedminfter, and Radeclive flreet, and ten pound rent in 
I.E. •?. rot. 7. . 

Bridgwater, and the hundreds of Portbury, Bedminftre, and Hareclive, and divers 

lands in Chedder and Tickenham in the County of Somerfet. 

311nll the manors of Great and Hde Wenden in the County of Effex. 

StnD the faire houfe in Si Andrews parifh near Baynards Caflle, which after 
came to bee called Berkeleys Inne in London. 

fin. 15. E. 2. m. 9. 5ilntl divers houfes in Berwike upon Twede and in the confines thereof, 

et. 15. 

5llntl the manors of Shipton under Whichwood, and Buriford ats Burford, in 
the County of Oxford. 

cartse. 9. 10. li.et. ^Cllb the manors of Kingflon Seimor with the advowfon thereof in the faid 

12. E. 2. in caflro r^ ^ re r ^ 

de Berkeley. County of Somerfet. 

5lln!) the manor of Great Rollright in the County of Warwicke. 

5111 which with others, in five monthes after his death returned and came to 
his eldeft and other fonnes, as after will bee declared, 

€i)c ayplication aiiD uM of !)i^ life 

The ufe. I. CljC life of this lord approveth divers principalis. 

iCIjat it is ignorance and indifcretion for a Subjeft to force his prince by violent 
meanes ; for hee that would move a greater ftrength than his own muft worke with 
his head, not with his hands : And the fafeft way to fucceed in every enterprife is 
to watch fit circumftances and to prefent our endeavours with opportunities. And 
not upon any difcontent whatfoever, to fubje6l to ruine in an inftant our honor and 
eflate, which with much fludy labor and time hath been ere6led : The error whereof 
in the lafl feaven yeares of this lords life, tumbled down the lives and fortunes of 
twenty great lords with himfelf | 

327 2. -5ilgainC, this lords poflerity may bee warned by this his Anceflors example, 

to fliun difcontent, which beinge unmoderated, of all difeafes is mofl dangerous and 
hard to cure in great fpirrits and in perfons of high place : Anger in fuch maketh 

them 



1326 Uifc of a^nuriff ttic ClnrD 275 

them willinge, and greatnefs promptcth them to abilitie to revenge : And where 
fuch difcontent hath taken hold, it hath ever wrought their own or other mens 
dellriiclion, as pregnantly is feene in the life and death of this high flyinge lord ; 
whereas a neffeAiry patience with this lord might either have filenced his great 
fpirrit, or his noble greatnefs have defpifed the dignities of the Spenfers his 
enemies, And foe have avoyded the toyle hee was taken in. 

3. 5llgninc, fith pofperity in any family may not bee looked for, without often 
interuptions : And that the funne which warmeth the hapieft family is often in 
clouds, and fometimes in Eclipfe, as nowe with this lord, A wife patience and 
watching of faire weather when to goe abroad, was needfull ; which this lord more 
neglected then I hope his pofterity thus warned hereafter will. 

4. ^CgahtC, fith every man is mofl properly faid to be fuch a man, as hee 
declares himfelf in his lafl; refolutions ; And that the glory of our life flands fpetially 
in well endinge : if this lord had been well advifed, noe confideration fhould have 
moved him to retire from his former vertue, nor to have abandoned the reputation 
hee had got, of a vertuous and valiant man : which I wiOi his pollerity may thinke 
upon. 

5. 3(l0ahir, this lords error prompteth to his pofterity the truth of the proverbe, 
That to ab^tainc anD tli^trUSft are two mayne fmewes of wifdome : for had this lord 
either abftained from offendinge at firft, or from caftinge himfelf into the arms of 
thofe enemies whom hee had difpleafed : Or diflrufted (as wifdom willed) the deceit- 
full heart of man, and howe deep the feat of Mallice is, efpetially in the bofome of 
an enemy implacably offended, hee would have fearched deeper, ere hee had 
adventured, whereby hee had preferved his body from that prifon wherein it 
Languifhed till death, And his pofterity from that imminent perill of ruine where- 
into by this error it was ingulphed ; But the mercy of the Almighty takes this 
family by the chinne and keeps the | head from drowninge, as wonderfully nowe 328 
followes in the life of this lords fonne and heire to bee declared. 

6. ^CgahlC. the practice of this lords enemies affures the truth of bibibc Ct 
iinynrn ; fever the confpirators and their devices are confounded ; which it appears 
they did, by fweetning fome with promifes, and by curcumventinge others by fraud, 
whereby they brake that ftrength not by force to have been diffolved, which wari- 
nefs in this lord and his adherents might have prevented. 

2 N 2 7. 3f!0ahir, 



276 €l)c HitJfjf of tljc 25nrftrirpsf 1321 

7. 3il0iUnc, from the precipitous exceffes of this lord may bee drawn a leffon 
for his pofterity ; by prudence and other vertues neffefary to their fublime eftates 
to fuftaine themfelves from fodaine flideings beneath their proper values : And to 
knowe Howe neffefary moderation is for the coolinge of the overboylings of prof- 
perity and greatnefs : And not to bee tranfported with a defire of revenge ; not 
wifely waighing the quality and power of an empire, (againfi; which, this their great 
anceflor undertooke,) which in him, foe greate and martiall a man, was a grand 
and ruinous error, found and felt too late to the overthrowe of himfelf, and the 
indangering of his pofterity, if meanes almoft miraculous had not by divine 
ordinance prevented it, as followeth in the next life. 

8. ^gaine, the life of this lord, checkes the vulgar proverbe, ^oonc ripc ^omit 
rotten ; and of thofe that like not to fee an infant over hopefull, afifirminge that a 
tree overlaid with bloffomes cannot all profper, one of them muft fay they needs 
rob the other of moifture and growth : And that in fuch pregnant beginings, one 
faculty ftarves another, and at laft leaves the mind faplefs and barren ; And there- 
fore advife to pull off fome of the too frequent bloffomes that the reft may thrive ; 
concludeing that it is good wifdome to moderate the exceffe of the parts or progreffe 
of over forward childhood, which the prefident of this lord fully confutes, as his life 
hath declared, ffor 

Such as in youth, th'art found to bee, 
Such age, in age, will render thee. | 

329 9. QCgaine, the remarkable paffages of the two Earles Spenfers and of the 

lords Audely and Damery mentioned in this lords life, affures us of the uncertainty 
of great mens eftates ; And that the circle of humane aftions and events is foe 
large, that noe eminent family is longe without fome change : five times hath this 
great and opulent family of the Berkeleys bene difpoyled of all her poffeffions, 
thereby without meanes or maintainance : The rebellion of the lord Robert the 
fecond, fhewes the firft, The rebellion of this lord Maurice the third againft kinge 
Edward, ftiewes the fecond : The cafe of James lord Berkeley in the time of Kinge 
Henry the fixth, when neither an houfe to harbor in, land nor liberty of body was 
left to him or his fonnes, fhewes the third : Maurice the fifth, brother and heire to 
William Marques Berkeley of new to begin the world with nothinge, fhewes the 
fourth : and when Queene Elizabeth had extended all the lands of the lord Henry 
in the fifteenth yeare of her raigne, for leavying the huge meane rates of Wotton, 
(not to fpeak of the like extent profecuted by his laft wife upon a Statute of ten 

thoufand 



1326 Uiff of a^mirifc rtjc Zi\ixt> 277 

thoufand pounds,) fhevves the fifth : Iiifomuch as great families are noted to bee, as 
Stages, whereon are reprefented the viciffitudes of various fortunes, whereby the 
pride of great men may bee abated, and humility planted, whofe topp will bee in 
heaven, though the roote be in earth. 

10. 3ll0dtnc, from the fall of this lord a wife obfervation is confirmed. That 
many worthy fervants, (afwell to the Crowne, as to his peeres,) in themfelves of 
great defervinges, oft tymes by behavinge themfelves over infolently toward their 
mafters, both in refpecH: of their fervice done, and alfoe by flattering themfelves with 
a falfe opinion, that either theire mafters cannot miffe them, or that they dare not 
offend them, have by this kind of pride overthrown themfelves, otherwife deferving 
great honour and refped:. A prefident in this lord full to the poynt, whereby his 
poflerity may make a twofold ufe, by furvey of it felf and of the fervants under it. | 

11. SajSitip, If I were to anatomize the wayes and thoughts of this lord 330 
Maurice, and to parralell him by an exa6l characfter, my obfervations would 
perfonate him with Duke Biron, who lofl; his head under Henr)^ the fourth of 
France ; And with Robert Earle of Effex who in like manner layd downe his life 
under Queen Elizabeth of England : Neither if old Plutarch were to prefent the 
world with more twins, could hee find from the Cradle to the grave fitter perfonages 

to compare then this lord with one or both of them ; In the glaffe of whofe printed 
hiflories, is to the life, fhewn the life of this lord to his prefent poflerity. 

12. 5llnb for conclufion ; If this lord Maurice (quem honoris caufa non poffum 2 Cor. 13. r. 5. 
non nominare), had either minded the Apoftle's rule of Quifque explaret feipfum, ^' ^'' ^ 
have fought himfelfe in himfelfe : Or put in practice that of Siracides, That what- 

foever we take in hand, to remember firft the end, and then we fhall never doe 
amiffe ; Or that of the Poet, Orbis quifque fibi, nee te quaefiviris extra, out of 
himfelfe to have well fearched into himfelfe; hee would not have lofl thofe Epithites 
of Vir Nominatiffimus, et vir fpeftatiffimus, given him by approved hiflorians of his 
own times, as Enfignes of his remarkeable eminency and defervings ; |^or with a 
precipitate refolution, by an overvaluinge of his owne abilities, have wraflled againfl 
the power of a Monarchy, prizinge the purchafe of his will at a higher rate than 
life or fortunes ; And which was as bad, by an inconfiderate feverance of the 
meanes from the End, and the End hee aymed at from the Meanes hee ufed, foe 
grofly to have miffed the marke, as to have punifhed himfelfe much more then his 
enemy whom hee aymed at; Coo forgetful alfo (as his life hath declared,) That true 

happines 



2 78 €lic Hitc^ of rtje 25a:fericp^ 1321 

happines or unhappines confifts in its arrival at its haven, and that it Uttle importeth 
a man to have well deferved, or to have efcaped this or that ftorme, unles hee come 
fafely to land ; and howe it is the evening that comendeth the day, and our End 
that crowneth our a6lions ; I wifh that his forgetfulnes may bee hereafter better 
thought upon, and prove a warninge to his poflerity. 



33^ I blank 
332) 



fitti^ a^auticii tcccti. 



^\)t Cifc of 2^l)oma6 tl)c itljixb 333 

€^ me of Thomas Lord Berkeley the third of that ^Se'^Sd": 
name, filled in writings, Thomas de Berket And Thomas pat. 4. e. 3. ps. i. 
dominus de Berkelee And dfis Thomas dns de Berkelee dorfo. 
And Thomas de Berkelee baro. And dns Thomas de Berket ^"°- 
dns de Berket. 51!nb may bee called Thomas the Ritch. 
Contcmporarp with the firft . 35 . yeares of King Edward the 
third from. 1326. till. 1361. 

JB^O^e life I prcfent to his pofterity under thefe fifteene 
titles . viz' 

I. — i^i0 birth and age of adolefcency with his parliamentary tryall . 
fol : [334.] A difcourfe of Thomas de Bradfton His fervant . 

fol: [33 7.] 

2. — l^ijBf hufbandry and hofpitality . fol : [357.] 

3.— ©ijef buildings, fol : [364.] 

4. — J^i]^ Forren imployments in warrs and embaffes . fol : [366.] 

5. — l^ij^ recreations and delights . fol :[38i.] 

6. — l^ijef purchafes of land . fol : [382.] 

7-^^10 fuites in lawe . fol : [388.] 

8.— j^ijEf Almes and devotions with his pentions and rewards to his 
fervants and frends . fol : [390.] 

9. — i^isf nii^CCilania or various paffages . fol : [395.] 
10. — ^10 wives . fol : [402.] 
II. — j^ijEf iffue . fol : [405.] 
12. — J)ijSf feale of Armes . fol : [417.] 
13. — J)i]S death and place of buriall . fol :[4i8.] 
14. — l^isf lands whereof hee died feized . fol : [418.] 
iS.^CljC 5tpplication and ufe of his life . fol : [422.] 



28o 



€t)£ Eibci9f of t|je ^ttht\e^0 



1326 



334 

Inq. in Coin 

Somfet. I : E. 3. 

pod mort Maur : 

pat. I. E. 3. ps. I. 

m. 8. 

claus : 19. E. 3. 

m : 22. 24. 

liberal, i: E. 3. 

m : 4. 

claus : I. E. 3. ps: 

I. m : 22. 

original : in fccio. 

I. E. 3. rot. 7. 



c 



^ift fiirtf) and age of atiofe^cnicp toitf) |)i^ parliamnttarp trpaH. 

I^C lord Maurice as hath been faid after fower years imprifonment and an 
half is dead before releafment, Thomas his eldeft fonne duringe that time 
and ftill continueth prifoner, firft in the Tower from whence hee efcaped, 
then in the Caflle of Berkamfleed in Hartfordfhire, Then in Pevenfey Caflle in 
Suffex, from whence God that worketh after his own will, thus wonderfully draweth 
him out. 

Butchered, imprifoned banifhed are neer half the Baronage of England in the 
lafl fix years of Kinge Edward the fecond ; abufed thereunto by the overrulinge 
power of the two Spenfers, Hugh the father Earle of Winchefter and Hugh the 
fonne Earle of Gloucefler, (often before mentioned,) whom the State generally 
hated ; The height of whofe greatnefs with the kinge drew on the depth of hatred 
from Queen Ifable his wife towards them, with the generall difcontent of the whole 
Realme, as partly hath been touched. 



Speed ^n Gafcoigne arife troubles betweene the Englifli and the ffrench : Queen 

et divers, at chron: -^ ..T^.^ ■ r ■ 1 r rr • -ii 

Ifable, as the fitteft mftrument, is fent over to negotiate thole anaires with the 

ffrench kinge her brother : which fhee foe laboreth as matters are quietted, upon 

Condition, that the kinge her hufband would give to his eldeft fonne prince Edward, 

the Dutchy of Aquitayne whereby his homage, in lieu of his fathers, might at his 

unckle the French kings hands bee accepted, about which the ball of difcord was 

banded : This is affented unto. And the prince fent over ; Roger Mortimer lord of 

Wigmore, this lord Thomas father in lawe, efcapeth out of the Tower, and there 

clius. 17. E. 2. alfoe arriveth : ^otDC are noe plots wanting againft the two Spenfers, and againfl 

kinge Edward himfelf for their fakes; CljC homage beinge done, & peace eftablifhed 

with the ffrench kinge, the Queen and Prince are fent for into England : They 

obey not, but prepare to returne in Armes: ^n London they are openly proclaymed 

enemies of the Kingdome, and | baniflied with all their adherents : Ct)C Queene 

and prince her fonne, (then neere fifteene yeares of age,) with an Armed power the 

25"' of September in the I9'^ of her hufbands raigne, arrive in Suffolke : The 

kinge, deftitute of frends means courage and counfell to refift, flyeth from London, 

which 



Hollings:fol:337. 

et divers : alij 

Anno. 1325. 

335 



I36I 



life of €i)om»\Bf t\)c Zttktt 



281 



which had refufcd to aiTift him, into the Wcfl : «ri)C Queene, Prince, Mortimer and 

their whole powers purfue the kinge and come to Oxford : CI)C Londoners in favor 

of the Queene, commit many outrages, get into their hands the Tower of London, 

And fet at Uberty all the prifoners therein, which alfo was done by the Queenes 

comand throughout England to the great increafe of her Army ; 3llnb thus on y' 16'!* claus: 19. E. 1. 

of Ocilober is this lord Thomas releafed out of Pevenfey Caftle in Suffex, to which ^a-^TE^'^ps- i 

prifon hee had, the 9'^ of November before, been fecretly removed from the Caftle m. 22. 

of Berkamfteed, in which places and in the Tower of Lond : hee had continued \valirini:h'iol 125' 

prifoner from a fewe months after his fathers commitment to Wallingford Caftle, 

nowe there dead the laft of May before. 



Co Oxford by the Queens direction, and of the lord Mortimer (now her 
minion,) hafteth this lord Thomas, from whence they come to Glouc, thence to 
Berkeley, thence to Briftoll in purfuit of the kinge : oTIlM lord Thomas howe well- 
comefoever hee found himfelf to the Queene, prince, and his father-in-lawe, yet 
warily under an outward fliewe of entertayning them at Berkeley, fendeth to take 
poffeffion of his Caftle of Berkeley, which hee entrufteth under the cuftody of his 
fathers old fervants, nowe his, whome hee knew to bee faithfull ; And bringeth 
thereinto (pro munitione inde) for defence thereof foe much wheate, beanes, oates, 
and barley, And killeth foe many beofes and other beafts as might well ferve both 
for entertaynment of fuch guefts and to endure a reafonable feidge ; 3Cntl by reafon 
that the kinge fmce the comitment of the lord Maurice this lords father, had kept 
his manfion houfes and granges in his own hands, and not let them out for rent but 
ftocked them with his own cattle, according to the forefaid prefentment of the Jury 
in the fifteenth yeare of his raigne which then prefented it to bee moft for the 
kinges profit foe to doe, as before hath been faid; This lord Thomas nowe alfo 
entred upon the faid Cattle, flieep, oxen, kine, horfes, and the like, and had fuch 
corne and hay as at the kings charges were inned and brought into the barnes in 
harveft about a month before ; And had alfo fuch implements tooles and materialls 
of I hufbandry as were ufed in manuringe the demefnes of his manors ; which 
though hee found much decayed, from the condition wherein they were, when the 
kinge firft feazed them, yet was hee not a little beholdinge to that Juryes prefent- 
ment, whereby all fuch cattle and implements were thus preferved. And what hee 
found in the Caftle of Berkeley of the treafure or goods of Hugh Spenfer the 
younger Earle of Glouc : who held the fame fince his fathers comitment, hee had 
more difcretion then to comitt to any writinge that might tell mee . 300 . yeares 
after, of what value or condition they were. 

2 o SllnD 



comp: de Came et 
Cowley: 20. E. 2. 
et I. K. 3. et de 
Hame Alkington 
et at maner : in 
caflrode Berkeley. 



Efcaet. 15. E. 2. 
numb. [42] 
fol. [286] 



336 



Comp:deWotton, 
Came. Cowley, 
Slimbridge, Hurft 
et al : i. E. 3. in 
caflrode Berkeley. 



orijc %i\ic^ of rtjc 2&crhclcpief 



1326 



HoUingh : 

Walfingham. fo : 

125. 



honor de Berk. 



3l!ntl to declare the generall wellcome of this lords returne, his Tenants of his 
feverall manors prefented him with a recognition of forty (hillings, thirty fhillings, 
twenty fix fhillings and eight pence, and twenty fhillings the peece, accordinge to 
theire proportion. 

]^oUinSC^{)tatl and other printed chronicles tell us, That from Gloucefler the 
Queene paffed by Berkeley and reflored the Caflle of Berkeley which Hugh 
Spenfer the younger Earle of Gloucefler had held, unto this lord Thomas, heire to 
the lord Maurice Berkeley lately before dead in prifon within the Caflle of Walling- 
ford, togeather with all the appurtenances to the l^oiior of Berkeley appertayning, 
And that from thence fhee went to Brifloll two dayes before Simon and Jude. 



(, 3llnb it may here not unfitly bee noted, That the fifteenth of the faid O^lober, 

at. 20. E. 2. m. 12. (but the day before this lord was difcharged out of his imprifonment in Pevenfey 

Caftle,) The kinge from Tintern Abby in the farthefl edge of Glouceflerfhire, 

awarded his commiffion to Thomas de Bradfton to leavy foe many men at Armes, 

light-horfe men, and Archers on foot, and other foldiers as hee could, for the defence 

and fafe keepinge of his Caftle of Berkeley, And alfoe to bring thofe men to him 

if need fhould foe require, to goe againft his enemies and ftrangers which had 

entered his Kingdome, And then fent him withall a large Comiffion of Affiftance : 

And by an other comiffion of the fame fifteenth of October granted him the Cuftody 

of the faid Caftle of Berkeley : 2&Ut thofe very houres wherein thefe Comiffions 

travelled but fixteen miles to feeke Bradfton at his houfe at Bradfton, two miles 

337 from Berkeley, foe | ftrongly wheeled about the affaires of State, That the kinge 

.- was forfaken almoft by all, And thofe very foldiers ferved, in part to defend the 

Caftle for their old landlord this lord Thomas ; And the reft to goe with him and 

with Thomas de Bradfton, to purfue the kinge. 



Thomas de 
Bradfton. 



vj!. 
I'M .• 



(iDf which Thomas de Bradfton, (a moft remarkable gentleman and faithful] 
fervant to this family, and as perfitt a foldier as lived in his time, and of a frefti 
memory in his family and in the hundred of Berkeley to this day,) take here a fewe 
of his choice eares picked up in my paffage through the old feilds of thefe times ; 
And the rather becaufe I after mention him in my applications and ufes. 

JipCC was born at Bradfton within the Parifli of Berkeley, the ancient feat of his 
father, grandfather and other his Anceftors, All of them homagers to the Caftle of 
Berkeley for their manors of Bradfton and Stinchcombe holden by knights fervice, 

And 



I36I 



Hifc of iCljoniflfif rtjc Ziiivb 



283 



And in a contiiuiall relation of fcrvice and dcpcndancc to the father, grandfather 
and other the Anceftors of this lord Thomas : And this Thomas de Bradfton foe 
clofely adheringe to this lord Thomas and to the lord Maurice his father, in their 
rifinge againfl; the kinge and the two Earles Spenfers his minions. That his lands 
in the fifteenth of Edward the fecond were feazed as aforefaid to the kinge, And 
his life remained under the kings angry power, and of the faid Earles Spenfers 
againfl whome hee had difplayed his banner, j^otobctt hee foe wifely wrought, 
That in the next yeare for one hundred marks hee redeemed both his life and 
lands, findinge fureties and takeing oath pro bono geflu fuo egrJi regem, for his 
good behaviour towards the kinge. SCiiD thereupon the 17* of ffebruary in the 16'!" 
of Edward the fecond had his pardon. 5tllD the aj'.*" of March his utlagary dif- 
charged & his lands reflored. 



fin: 15. E. 2. m. 

IS- '9- 

claus : de terr. for. 

15. et 16. E. 2. ps. 

dorfo. 

eade pars. m. 5. 

claus. 16. E. 2. 

m. 13. 

fin : 16. E. 2. m. 

13. 20. 

pat. 16. E. 2. pars. 

I. m. I. 

claus. 19. E. 2. 

dorfo. 



3Cnll wittily windinge himfelf into favor, obtained within two yeares after truft pat. 19. E. 2. pars, 
from the kinge. And a grant of the cuftody of Kingfwood Chafe by Briftoll, with 
other grants of profit. 

5[nt) the next yeare hee is trufted to rayfe foldiers for the defence of the kinge pat. 20. E. 2. m. 12. 
and of his Caflle of Berkeley, which hee turned the contrary way as hath been faid. 

Sllnb for his good fervice in purfute of the kinge, the Queene in fewe monthes | 

after in the firft yeare of her fonnes raigne gave him two wardfhipps ; And the 338 

kinge made him valletus regis, one of the groomes of his chamber : And pardoned ^"l.- P*""^ : claus. 

° ° ° . ^ I. E. 3. m 6. et. 7. 

him his forefaid fine of one hundred markes to that time unpaid. claus. i. E. 3. pars. 

I. ID. 21. 

3CnD the fame yeare the kinge (praifing his good fervice, et quod non defiflit pat. i. E. 3. m. 8. 
iuxta latus noflrum continue morando,) gives him an other wardfhip. 

311nb upon the comendacons of Oueene I fable obtained divers benefitiall futes. Rot. don : extr. 2. 

into whofe favor hee deeply ingratiated himfelf, ' ^' 

3lltb in the fecond yeare of the kinge is called by the kinge dileftus valettus pat. 2. E. 3. m: 2. 

,,.,,., ,1 . r 1 • 1 1 • Extracft. don : 4. 

regis ; And m the 4 and 5 . yeares receives many tavors and promotions both in g ^ 

England and in Aquitayne beyond feas in the kings fervices, to his great honor '■°'- vafcon. 5. E. 

and profit. 



5Crtb in the fame 5'^ yeare, the better to fupport himfelf in the order of knight- fin- 5- E. 3. m. 35. 
hood which hee had nowe taken upon him, the kinge grants to him the manor 
202 of 



284 



€|jc Hitcjef of tl)c 2Bcrhricp^ 



1326 



of Barton by GIouc : in farme, thirteen miles from his paternall inheritance and 
habitation. 



Rxtract don. 7. E. 

3. m. 4. 

pat. 7- E. 3. pars. 

2. m. 27. 

cart. 8. E. 3. m : 

ult. 

extractdon.8.E.3 

pat. 8. E 3. pars. 



eodem 



SCltb in the 7'^ yeare, the kinge grants to him and his heires, the manors of 
Stratton and Knoll by Briftoll late Thomas de Gurnayes, w".'' were given to him by 
the confent of all the Barons and prelates of the land, for the good fervices hee had 
done : And thefe were alike remote on the other fide of his dwellinge. 

511nll in the S'"" yeare grants a lycence to give his faid manor of Knoll by Briftoll 
to a Chaplen and his fucceffors to celebrate in his Chappell at Bradfton for ever, for 
his own foule and the foules of all faithfull people. And a comiffion at the fame 
time to execute marfhall lawe upon offenders in divers Countyes. 



Extract don. 9. SCllb in the 9'^ yeare were divers great wardfhips and cuftodies of manors 

claus o E ^ m granted to him, as further teftimonies of the kings great favour and his own 



5- et. 15. 



defervings. 



claus. II. E. 3. PS. Stub in the ii'*" yeare of the kinge gave him a fliip called Chriftmas taken in 

I. membr. 4. fj^ht from the French his enemies by Marchants of Briftoll . and in the fame yeare 
'3. m : 8 9. had divers other great futes fpecifyed perticularly in the records marginald. 



pat. vafron. 13. E. 
3. m. 8. et. 22. 



9(!nt) in the I3'^ yeare y' kinge gave him the man"' of Shalford in Surrey to him 



and his heires. 



339 3lnl) the fame yeare gave him three other great guift.s, with this teftimony 

pat vafcon. 13 E. anexed, That in his continuall fervice, hee fpared noe coft, nor refufed any perill 
3- '" = " = ^3- of his body. 

eodem :m: 12. 31Iltll the fame yeare the kinge ere6led him into the ftate of a Banneret, And 

claus : 15. E. 4. ^^^ ^^^ better maintenance of that honor, gave him . 500 . marks p Ann : to him and 
his heires out of the Exchequer, untill hee could provide for him foe much land in 
England, which his heires at comon lawe receyveth at this day, 1628. 

Ext. don. 14. E. 3. 3Cnll in the 14'!" yeare of his raigne gave him the Caftle and manor of Thlbmer,[?] 

■"• T- and part of the lordftiip of Buelt in South Wales, to him and his heires, togeather 
fin. 14. E. 3. m. 2. ^ 

with the wardfliip of Wittm de la More. 

Rot. fine p^dia : 5tnll the fame yeare the kinge granted him all the temporalties of the Arch- 

"" ■■ '4- Bifliop of Yorke in the County of Gloucefter. %n 



1 36 1 Hifc of iTtjonia^ t|jc €l)irt» 285 

•^IJn the fifteenth yeare the kinjjje gave him . i93''.' out of the Exchequer, And claus. 15. E. 3. \ib. 
imployed him a Comiffioner into Scotland, with Henry of Lancafler Earle of Darby, scotia. 15. Iv 3. 
in the affaires of that kingdome. •" • 4- 

5CnlJ the 14'!' of Augufl; that yeare hee agrees to goe with the kinge in his pat. 15. E. 3. ps. 

next journey beyond feas, And at his charges to find forty men at Arms, whereof ' ,. ' _ 

-• ' •' '^ ■' Alcm.ui. 15. E. 3. 

one to bee a Banneret, five to bee knights, ten Armed men, twenty Archers &c, m. 15. 
and that month goes accordingly. 

CfjC 25* of ffebruary in the r6'?" yeare, the kinge writes to him to bee prefent claus: 16 E. 3. 
at his great Councell to bee holden at Weflminfler in crino claus : pafche, vt inter- 
fuit nobifcum et cum prelatis et ceteris magnatibus Anglie, confilium impenfurus de 
arduis rebus regni, &c. 



5(lutl nowe againe is his patent of Banneret, and gTiift of. 500 . marks p ann pat. 16. E. 3. ps. 

made beyond feas, confirmed to him and his heires in England. And in the next Rot Rom. 17. E. 

yeare, the i 7'.'' of the kinge hee is called a Baron, And is after called to parliament 3- m : 3. 

^ '^ r T- 1 1 1 1 • I claus : eifde annis. 

by writ as a Baron in . 21 . 22 . 24. 25 . 27 . 28 . 29 . et 31 . of Edward the third, as 

in the dorfe of clofe Rolls of thofe yeares in the Tower of London amongfl the 

fummons of parliaments appeares. 

0'n the iq'.*" yeare the kinge granted him fower great futes in wardfhips and Extra : don : 19: 

*"o"eys- fin.i9E.3m.26. 

2?ltt in nothinge appeares the kinges affection to him, nor his defervings under 

the kinge, more cleerly then in the kings tres written for the redemption of his claus: 19. E. 3. 
o • J o I- pars : 2. dorfo. 

fonne and heire Robert de Bradflon who in his journey towards the holy land was 
taken prifoner by the Citizens of Piza. And | in the arrefls which the kinge made 34° 
of all the perfons and their goods of all the marchants and Inhabitants of Piza and 
Si Luke that were in London, till hee were delivered ; And in comittinge twelve of 
the cheifefl of them to the Tower of London till they procured his deliverance and 
of all his affociates, upon the undertakinge whereof they were at lafl bayled . corpus 
pro corpore, body for body. 

^n the 22'!' yeare the kinge grants to him and his heires the manors of Duns Rot. Scotu-e. 22. 
and Chernfide neer Barwicke upon Twede, and likewife divers lands and Tenements ' ^' 
in Calais. 



€tit EibCiS of tfjc 23crftckpiS 



1326 



pat. 22. E. 3. pars. 
I. m. 43. 



%lifi the fame yeare gives him fix hoggefheads of wine yearly duringe his life 
out of the port of Briftoll : All which are ever mentioned in all grants to bee for 
the good fervice of this great foldier Thomas de Bradflon. 



pat. 33. E. 3 pars. JCntl nowe broken with Armes and age and retired to dye at home at Bradflon 

aforefaid ; hee, as the lafl of his workes, becomes the fpetiall meanes for wallinge 

of Gloucefler Towne, of the Caftle whereof hee had the keepinge with threefcore 

Efcha : 34. E. 3. pounds p' ann out of that Towne for his life ; And foe layeth downe his laborious 

poa mort^Thoj^de y^f^ ^.^ j.^^^ j^^ ^j^^ ^^.h ^f ^^^^ kinge leaving Thomas his grandchild for his heire 

pat. 34. E. 3. pars, then but eight yeares old ; for that his own fonne Robert dyed fhortly after his 

releafment out of Piza. 3lnD this young Thomas, (whofe Wardfhip Queen Phillip 

had,) before the 2 2'^ of his age, dyed alfoe, leaving one only daughter, As in other 

colle6lions of mine, and in my defcription of the hundred of Berkeley, I have at 

large tranfmitted to the knowledge of this noble family. 



3. m: 7. 

Regis, feod 

militum. 



%Ct this family conceive this digreffion to bee the leffe impertinent becaufe this 
Thomas de Bradflon, nowe a peere of the realme, was a fervant to this family, and 
fworne brother in Armes to S^ Maurice this lord Berkeleys martiall brother, Stock 
father of the houfes of Stoke, Bruton, and Boycourt, as hath beene faid, who rofe 
togeather, ferved togeather at many battles, and fhared alike in the kings favors, 
and are menconed togeather in moft of the former records here marginald, and 
fevered not theire faythes nor martiall fervices, till S' Maurice dyed at the feidge 
of Calais ; And becaufe alfoe it bringeth an honor to this family to have fent forth 
fuch an approved foldier and faithfull fervant under fo able and juditious a kinge ; 
341 And for that the | memory of well defervinge fervants have a place in the honorable 
catalogue of theire mafters pofterity ; dulcius eft aere, pretiofum nomen habere ; 5inl) 
did beare Argent on a Canton gules a rofe, or, barbed proper, the bearings of his 
pofterity to this day, by the Bradftons late of Winterborne in Gloucefterfliire : But 
I ceafe this digreffion and returne. 



comp : miniflror. 

20 : E. 2. et I. E. 

3 : de Hurft 

flimbridg, Came, 

Hame, Alkington 

<fec. 



Ipot longe after the Queenes paffage with her Army to Briftoll upon the firft 
accompt taken of the Reeves and Baylyes of this lords manors and lands in thofe 
parts, they complayne before his Auditor, That the Earle of Lancafters men as they 
travelled with the Oueene from Glouc' through the manors of Slimbridge and Hurft 
to Berkeley and thence to Briftoll, tooke away with them theire hens geefe ducks 
and other poultry, whereby they loft all theire eggs and breed for this yeare ; And 
howe their horfes eat their oats and hay, tooke away their faddles, brake their 

Chappie 



I36I 



Uifc of €f)onia£( tt)e CijtrD 



287 



Chappie or oratary doore, (which cod; 4'' the inendinge,) wherein y' mannerlynefs of 
the accompt doth not charge the Earles men with fleaUnge, but with alyenateing 
thofe things ; And conclude with an other misfortune in their hufbandries of this 
yeare, That their lord in his journey with the Queene and the Earle to Brifloll and 
thence into Wales, purfuinge the kinge and the two Earles Spenfers, foe extreamly 
over labored their mares ufed in his cariages, that they cafl: their foles, And foe had 
noe younge colts of Store this yeare. 

Che like alienatinge the Reeve of Ham complayneth the foJdiers made in his Comp : de Hame 
-^ ^ n 1 . 20: E:2:incaaro 

manor, about S' Lukes day; And fheweth what quantyties of wheat oatcs and other de Berkeley 

provifions hee fent in from that manor, ad muniendum caflrum de Berkeley contra 

adventum dnae reginse, for defence of the Caftle againft the Queenes cominge, 

wherein the providence of this lord Thomas imployed his brother Maurice and 

Thomas de Bradfton of both whom I have formerly written. 

CljC Reeve of Wotton complaineth likewife of the Earle of Kents men, howe 
that in theire paffage with the Queene towards Briftoll, they brake his barnes doore, 
and wafted five quarters and an half of his oates. 

Ct)C like complaint make the Reeves of the mannors of Hinton, Alkington, Comp : de Came . 
and other manors, each fhewinge their own loffes, and what provifions they in CaRro de 
delivered for defence of the Caftle : Thofe of Came and Cowley complayninge of l^t-'rl^eley- 
the lord of Henalts men, who in their carts caryed | away to Briftoll theire wheat 342 
and oates; Thofe of Hame, of the lord Audelyes men who caryed away their fwine 
and other cattle ; whereby it may feeme they were quartered in all thofe coafts 
round about the Caftle : howbeit I find not any fillable to induce that any of the 
Army entred the Caftle, which for that time the wifdome of this lord Thomas 
feemeth alfoe to have himfelfe forborne to doe. 

5lloit0C with the Queene and prince and their Army goeth this lord Thomas Stow et al : 
to Briftoll, where Hugh Spenfer the elder Earle of Winchefter was taken, And 
without anfweringe for himfelf was drawn and hanged in his Armor, taken down 
alive, and bowelled, his bowells burnt, his head fmote of and fent to Winchefter, 
his body hanged up againe and after fower dayes cut to peeces and caft to dogs to 
bee eaten. 



ffrom thence through Wales in fearch after the kinge, the Queene and her Trivet, m. 5. 
Army come to Hereford: The kinge on the 16''' of November is found out and Speed. 

taken. 



288 



€1)0 Hiijcjef of t|)c 25crhdcp$f 



1326 



Stow. 
Howe et al. 



taken, with Hugh Spenfer the fonne Earle of Gloucefler ; The kinge is conveyed 
to Kenellworth, The Earle is brought to Hereford, where clad in his coat Armor 
hee was dragged to the place of Execution, where beinge firfl hanged upon a 
gallowes fifty foot high, was, afterwards beheaded and cut into quarters, his head 
fett up at London, and his quarters in fower Parts of the Kingdome. 



comp. hofpic. 
1 : E. 3. 

pat. 17. E. 2. ps. 2 
m : 19. 



'^I)C Oueene with her fonne Edward, Roger Mortimer and others, in the end 
of December come to London, where a parliament is fomoned to bee holden the 
morrowe after the Epiphany, the 7'^ of January : This lord Thomas from Hereford 
returneth to Berkeley by Wigmore, the Antient feat of the lord Mortimer, where 
hee hath the firfl fight of his wife Margaret fince his inlargment, whom hee had 
maryed fix yeares before ; And fhee newly come thither from the priory of Shuld- 
ham in Norfolke where fhee was kept prifoner. 



Stow. 

Comp: recept. 1.2. 

E. 3. in CaRro de 

Berkeley. 



343 



l^abtn^C made a fhort flay at Berkeley, this lord hafleth to the firfl day of the 
parliament, whereat were prefent all the Nobility of the Realme ; where they all 
agree that the old kinge, (who had hanged and cut of foe maney of theire fathers 
and brothers, and imprifoned foe many of themfelves and theire frends, and con- 
fifcated I their eflates,) was not worthy to weare the Crowne, but for divers caufes 
was to bee defpofed ; And his fonne prince Edward is then elefted kinge in his 
fathers roome, the 25* day of that January, Anno. 1326, when his father had 
raigned nineteene years, and as much as from the y'^ of July before. 



Rot : parliament 
I : E. 3. 



claus. I E. 3. ps. I. 
m : 2r. 22.indorfo. 



fin: I. E. 3. m. 22 

original, i. E. 3. 

rot. 7. in fccio. 

pafch. 4. E. 3. rot. 

7. 8. rec : ibm 

rot. fin. I. E. 3. 

m. 22 

Baronia- 



3llt this parliament it was on the third, and after on the 13* of February 
declared ; That the rifinge of Thomas the noble Earle of Lancafler, Maurice lord 
Berkeley, and others of that adherency, was bona iufla et legitima querela, a good, 
jufl and lawfull complaint, And that every lord and other of that adherency fliould 
bee reflored to their honors, manors, lands and goods: The 17'!* and 22''' of which 
ffebruary, this lord Thomas hath perticular writs directed to feverall farmors, for 
reflitution and redelivery of his lands in the Countys of Glouc, Somerfet, Berks, 
where hee was prifoner, and other places^ by vertue of the faid att of parliament. 
The 27'^ of that month hee doth his homage & hath livery of all his manors and 
lands difcended unto him by the death of his father ; And the kings writ of the 
next days date to Truffell Efcheator on this fide Trent, to give him feizin, favinge 
dower to the lady I fable his fathers widdowe : In which record a memorandum is 
entred, that this lord Thomas recognized upon his oath, That hee held in Capite 
his fathers lands per baroniam, in baronage by three knights fees for all fervices. 

3llnb 



I36I 



Uiff of <ri)onia^ rjjc ^TljirD 



289 



3llnll upon proces after awarded for payment of the releefe due upon his fathers 
death, and of the releefe due upon the death of his grandfather, who dyed in the 
fifteenth of Edward the fecond as hath bene faid, (continued againft him till this 
4*? of Edward the third,) hee nowe appeares and by plea acknowledgeth to hold 
per baroniam, as all his anccflors to this time have done fmce the grant of Henry 
the fecond to Robert fonne of Hardinge, which hee there pleadeth, with the grants 
and confirmations of king Henry the fecond, Richard the firfl;, kinge John, and of 
this kinge in the 4'^ of his raigne, made to his Anceftors and himfelfe : And that 
whereas the tenure of his lands were originally by five knights fees in the firft 
charters of kinge Henry the fecond, hee nowe fliews that Thomas Ap-Adam, (for 
Beverflone and Kings wefton,) is to difcharge him of one knights ffee and an half: 
And that John fitj Nicholl, (for Hull and Nympsfeild,) is to difcharge him of the 
other half of a knights ffee, upon the feoffments of his Anceflor Robert his abavus, 
his great, great, great grandfathers father, made to them ; Soe only three knights 
fees remained for himfelf. 



pafch : fine. 4. E. ■^. 

rot. 2: bis in fccio 

cum rem thcfaur : 

Baronia. 

pafch :rec:4. E. 3. 

rot. 7. 8. in fccio. 



Abavus was good 
latin V,'}' a chequer 
Clark that had no 
better. 



Origin. 28. H. 3. 
Baronia. 



5lln& further fheweth That of old his releefe for the barony of Berkeley was . 
loo'l, but nowe fince the ftatute of magna charta of the liberties of England it is butt 
one I hundered marks, And foe is ready to pay, and doth pay: This is that excellent 344 
record I formerly touched in the lyves of the lord Robert the firft and of Thomas fol-[203] 
the fecond. 



2E>Ut it may truly bee averred notwithftandinge the faid plea. That after the 
death of the lord Robert fonne of hardinge, one Thoufand marks was paid by the 
lord Maurice his fonne to the kinge for his releefe called the fine of his land : And 
after the death of the faid Maurice, one thoufand pound was paid by the lord Robert 
his fon for his Releefe, pro fine hereditatis fuae, for the fine of his land ; The firft 
beinge ftalled to bee paid in two yeares, And the later by . 200'!- in hand, and by 
fourty pound each half yeare after : And after the death of the faid Robert fonne of 
Maurice, which happened in the 4'^ of Henry the third, one hundred pound was 
paid by Thomas his brother and heire for his Releefe, which is the firft of that 
fume ; And foe like wife was one hundred pounds paid in the 28''' of Henry the 
third for a Releefe of the Barony, after the death of the faid Thomas, by the lord 
Maurice his fonne and heire ; what time, though magna charta had been ena6led 
nineteen years before, yet it was not fo rooted as to beare ripe frute, which was one 
of the pretences of the Barons warrs with that kinge as formerly hath been touched. 
But indeed one hundred marks and noe more was paid after the death of Maurice 

2 1' lord 



Rot. gipse. 2. R. I. 
fub titio de novis 
promiffis. 



Rot. pipae. 3. R. r. 
de novis promifTis, 
et 4. 5. 6. et. 7. R. 
1. fub titlode novis 

obl.itis. 

nova oblato. 4. H . 
3. in rot. pipae. 
Rot. pipK. 28. H. 
3. nova oblata. 
pafch. rec. 4. E. 3. 
in fci-io rot. 7. 8. 



290 €I)c Hitocjef of ti^e SBcrhdcpjef 1326 

lord Berkeley, fonne of the faid Thomas, who died in the 9* of Edward the firft, 
claus. 12. E. I. by Thomas fonne and heire of the faid lord Maurice as in his life hath appeared ; 
m; 10. y^j^^j ^^^^ ^^g jj^g f^^.(^ of that fumme, and the firft true frute of magna charta that 
had ripened to this family. 



bund : efchaet. i. 
E. 3. in turre. 



'CfjUjflf having traced this lord to his perfe6l eftablifhment in his barony, I will 
looke one cubite back, and fhew That whilft y° parliam! was in continuance the Io'^ 
of that February, this lord fueth out writs of diem claufit extremu into divers 
Counties, to enquire of what lands and of what Eftate his father the lord Maurice 
dyed feazed : The injuryes of time and worfe keepers of Chancery records of this 
nature, have left to my time one only Inquificon in the County of Somerfet, which 
is alfo half torne and maymed, found upon the 24'!' of the fame month, the day of 
S' Matthias, which fheweth that hee was feazed of the manors of Bedminfter, 
Portbury, Radecliveftreet, and of the third part of Kingfton feimor, and of the 
hundreds of Bedminfter, Portbury, and Hareclive, and of Certaine lands in Afhton 
in that County, untill hee became a Rebell unto his kinge, and againft Hugh Spenfer 
the younger ; | for which caufe on the munday after the purification of our lady in 
the 15'*" of his raigne, the kinge feazed into his hands the faid manors hundreds and 
lands, and imprifoned the faid Maurice at Wallingford, where hee dyed ; l^otUbcit 
it is moft certaine That the tenth of ffebruary a writ of diem claufit extremu was 
fued out, and an Inquifition, (and the fame after exemplifyed under the great feale,) 
was taken by force of that writ before John Hampton Efcheator of Gloucefter fhire, 
fin: I. E. 3. m. 27. at Glouc the thirfday next after the feaft of S' Valentine the firft yeare of this kinge 
Edward the third in the faid parliament time ; whereby it was found by Jury that 
the faid lord Maurice father of this lord Thomas was feazed in fee of the Caftle and 
hundred of Berkeley, and of the manors of Came, Hame, and Wotton ; & howe 
that kinge Edward the fecond alleadged againft the faid lord Maurice That hee was 
contrary to Hugh Defpenfer the younger, (I followe the very words,) wherefore the 
fame kinge affirmed the fame Maurice to bee his enemy and his rebellior. And for 
that caufe feazed the faid Caftle hundred and manors into his hands the munday 
next after the purification of our lady the yeare of his raigne the fifteenth. And 
tooke the faid Maurice, and him in prifon with held at Wallingford untill hee there 
dyed in prifon ; 3Cnll hereupon reftitution was had, and livery fued by this lord 
Thomas as aforefaid. 



345 



multffi antiquae 

colle6l : et tran- 

fcript. temp. H. 6. 

et. 4. in caftra de 

Berkeley. 



pat. I. E. 3. ])ars. 
I. m. 8. 



3£nJ) this lord the better to fet his eftate upright, and his perfon rectus in curia, 
(as lawyers fpeake,) hee the 23'!' of March following fues out his pardon, as well for 

his 



1361 



%ik of <j:t)onin!es tl)c <Cl)irD 



291 



his offence in breaking of prifon in the Tower of London in the time of this kings 
father, and efcapinge thence, as for all robberies murders and felonies by him com- 
mitted, and for which hee had been indited and outlawed. 



iiingc Edward the fecond from the day of his depofing by parliam', and by his 
own refignation on the 25'!" of January. 1326, remayned at Kiltgworth Caftle, untill 
by Henry Earle of Leicefter who there had the keepinge of him, hee was by Inden- 
ture delivered to this Thomas lord Berk: S' John Maltravers and S' Thomas de 
Gurnay : Maltravers and Gurnay convey him to the Caftle of Corffe, thence to 
Brilloll Caflle, And laftly upon the s'."" day of Aprill . 1327. unto Berkeley Cafi:le, 
where the faid lord Thomas curteoufly received him, being for his expences allowed 
five pounds the day ; But ere longe the lord. Berkeley is comanded by tres to ufe 
noe familiarity with Edward the late kinge, but to deliver over the government of 
his Caftle to Maltravers and Gurnay, which with heavy cheere, (I write myne 
authors words,) perceiving Avhat violence was intended, hee doth : And forthwith 
departed from his Caftle to other his dwellinge places : when foone after, the faid 
late kinge was fliut up in a clofe chamber, | where with the ftynch of dead carcafes 
laid in a Celler under him, hee was miferably tormented many days togeather, and 
well nigh fuffocated therewith, the paine being allmoft intollerable unto him ; But 
that not fufificinge to haften his death, which was defired and covertly comanded by 
the Oueene and her fautors. The faid S' John Maltravers and S' Thomas de Gurnay 
and their complices, ruflied in the night time into his chamber, and with great and 
heavy featherbeds fmothered him, thrufting an hollowe inftrument like the end of a 
trumpett or glifterpipe into his fundament, and through it a red hot iron up into his 
bowells, whereby hee ended his life, with a lamentable loud cry heard by many both 
of the towne and Caftle, which was on S' Mathews day the 2 1'^ of September, having 
been depofed the 25. of January eight months before ; 311liD this is that S' Thomas 
de Gurnay fonne of Thomas, fonne of Thomas, the fecond fonne of Ancelme lord 
de Gurnay, difcended of Robert lord of Were, third fonne of Robert fitj Harding 
firft lord of Berkeley : Of which S' Thomas de Gurnay I there promifed to write in 
this lords life, As alfoe you fhall heare more of him a fewe leaves after. 



Stow et divs : at. 
Walfingh: fo: 127. 
Polichron. lib. 7. 
cap. 44. 

Comp.de Hame 5 
Apr: 3 non. Aprill. 
Glouc. manufcript 
t'-um dccano ijjm. 
claus. I. E. 3. pars. 
I. m : I ; et : 3. 

Howe. 227. 
Stowe. Speed : 
Holl:Tho: de la 
Moore, fabion : et 
divers, al. 
to Bradley. 

Thomas de la more 
in vita E. 2. 
Wallingh : fo. 127. 



Efchaet. 13. E. 3. 

pat. 13. E. 3. pars. 
2. dorfo. 

claus: 1 4. E. 3. pars. 
I. m: 18. et. 19. 
fol. [64] 



23ut before I proceed further, becaufe the hiftories of Martin lately printed, Rot5t de Glouc. 

Caxton and fome others, have delivered the murther of this kinge to bee at Corffe "}=i""'" • '" ^'f 

' ° E. 3. cum RoBto 

Caftle, And that Robert de Glouc. in one place of his hiftory written in the 26'.'' of Cotton, mitte. et 

Henry the 6"' endinge with this kinge Edward the third, hath affured us, That S' ^*^°"^"^- 
Henry of Lancafter who had his father in ward, did by Edward the thirds cofnand, 
2 p 2 deliver 



292 



Zi^t %iMc0 of tijc 25crhdcpjef 



1326 



deliver him by an Indenture to S"^ Thomas de Berkeley and to S' John Mautravers, 

And howe they lad him from kenellworth to the Caftle of Berkeley, and there kept 

him fafely, 3finD in another place, That hee foe beinge in the Caftle of Berkeley 

„ ■ r under the ward of S' Maurice de Berkeley and of S' John Mautravers, It was 

Thomas not longe after That Edward the third by the Counfell of Mortimer, granted the 

ward of S' Edward his father to S! Thomas de Gurnay and to the aforefaid John 

Mautravers by his comiffion, puttinge out the forefaid Maurice ; Then they led him 

to the Caftle of Corffe, where they kept him to S' Mathewes day in September . 

Anno. I. E. 3. 1 327, And there was murthered by Gurnay & Mautravers and after buryed at 

Gloucefter. 

Grafton fo : 3Cntl for that Grafton and fome others feeme doubtfull whether it was at Corfe 

or at Berkeley, I will for the love of truth deliver a fewe authorities, (omni excep- 
tione maiores,) fuch as cannot bee excepted againft, And yet fuch as are not 
mentioned in Thomas de la More, Baker, Canon of Ofney, Walfmgham, ffroyfart,. 
Polichronicon, ffabian, Campden, Hollingfhead, Stow, Speed, Howe, nor others ; 
who nevertheleffe have unanimoufly delivered his death to bee at Berkeley Caftle, 
347 and not elfwhere ; And foe cleere the place of death which hath | beene foe much 
controverted amongfl authors. 



chronicon Walteri 

Froucefler. 

manufcr. 

cum decanoGlouc. 

pat. 4. R. 2. pars, i 



3[n tJ)f cuftody of the Deane and Chapter of Glouc. is a faire manufc! Chronicle 
fummarily colle6fed by Walter Frocefter, a monke in the Abby of Glouc. living at 
this time within fifteen miles of Berkeley, after Abbot of that monaflery, deduced 
down by him to the twentyeth yeare of kinge Edward the third, who writeth thus . 
viz! 



Glouc: m : 5. (SlltoatD the fecond, fonne of Edward, began his raigne in the yeare. 1307, in 

the 19'!" whereof hee was dekinged : Taken at Neath Caftle in Weft Wales, but 
brought to bee kept at Kenellworth, And the third of the nones of Aprill, was 
tranflated from Kenellworth to Berkeley Caftle, where when many confpired for his 
delivery. About the feaft of S' Mathewe the Evangelift, was with a fiery hot fpit 
thrufl into his fundament, moft wickedly murdered, and buryed in the Church of 
S' Peter here with us at Glouc : And in another place thus : Et poft mortem prae- 
di6li regis &c And after the death of the faid kinge, his venerable body, (which the 
next monafteries of S! Auguftine of Brifloll, S! Mary of Kingfwood, and S' Aldelme 
of Malmefbury, for dread of Roger de Mortimer and Queene I fable and theire 
complices feared to receive,) was by John Toky then Abbot of this Church of 

bleffed 



I36I 



Uifc of Cfjomoflf tfic CfiirD 



293 



bleffed S' Peter of Glouceflcr with his chariot honorably adorned with the armes 
of the f"^ church, brought from the Caflle of Berkeley to the Church of the faid 
Monaftery of Glouc; And by the whole Covent folemly atircd, was with the pro- 
ceffion of the whole City honorably received, and in the North part of the Church 
there, neere to the great Altar, buryed : This Abbot Toky, mine author fucceeded, 
then a monke there, and prefent at his funerall. Of which Abbot then a very old 
man, and of the benefitts hee received from the fonne for this honor done to his 
fathers body, the marginald record declareth. 



pat. 2. E. 
2. m : a. 



3. para. 



^t^€ Accompt of Wiitm Afide Receivor to this lord Berkeley, accomptinge for comp. recept. in 
a yeare from Michaelmas in the Twentieth of Edward the fecond to the fame feafl j^g"^', ^^ ^ 
in the firfl; of Edward the third, fheweth that hee received to this lords ufe . 7oo'l- 
de camera fcaccarij doni regis, out of the receipt in the kings Exchequer, for the 
Expences of the houfe of the kinges father, whilft hee was at Berkeley, And hath 
in his faid accompt an allowance of— 31! i"? paid by him to S' Thomas de Gurnay, 
fent to Nottingham from Berkeley by this lord Berkeley, with his tres to advertize 
the Oueene and the kinge her fonne of the death of the late kinge his father there ; claus. 
And the fifteenth of May the fame yeare, an allowance of 500'! more from the kinge 
paid him by John de Langton keeper of the Caftle of kerfilly for the fame caufe. | 



claus. 
26. 



E.3. 

1. et 3. 

2. E. 3. 



CljC Accompts of the Reeves of Hame and Alkington and of other manors of 348 
this lords neere Berkeley Caftle, and there likewife yet remaining, made for their Berkdey'caflle 
receipts and payments and deliveries within the faid yeare, exprefly fhew what 
provifions and Acates they fent from their feverall granges and manor houfes from 
the fifth day of Aprill then beinge palmfunday, when at fupper time the kinge was claus : i. E. 3. ps. 
firft brought prifoner to Berkeley Caftle, untill his death there the 21'!" of September '• ™ ■ 3- 
following. ^ 



5llnll the Accompt of this faid lords Receivor for the yeare following in the comp : recept. 2 
fecond of Edward the third, ftieweth what hee paid for dyinge of the white canvas ' ^' 
black for coveringe the Chariot wherein the body of the Kinge was carryed from 
Berkeley Caftle to Glouc; what the cords, the horfecollens, the traces, and other 
neceffaries perticularly coft, ufed about the Chariot, and conveyinge of his body 
thence to Gloucefter ; in vno vafe argenteo pro corde di6li dni regis patris reponendo, 
— 37' oS!' for a filver veffell to put the kings hart in — t,-;": 08^. ^n oblations at 
feverall times in the Chappie of the Caftle of Berkeley for the kings foule — 21^ In 
expenfes of the lord Berkeleys family goinge with the kings body from Berkeley to 

Glouc : 



claus. 
26. 



294 



€^e aii\)CiS of tt)c 25crhrifp^ 



1^,26 



pat 2. E. 3- ps. 2 

m. 2 

claus. 25. E. 3 

m. 10 

pat. t. R. 2. ps. 2 

m. 23 



Glouc : — 1 8' = 09'' And many the like perticularityes ; IDtjCtCtO add thefe records 
here margined, more then evincinge the truth of this matter, whereby this lord is 
allowed five pounds by the day for the kings expenfes whilft hee was at his keep- 
inge at Berkeley, and for foe longe time as his body remayned at Berkeley after his 
death. 



Rot. parliam. 4. 'Jla^dp whereas by parliament holden on niunday after S! Katharines day in 

E. 3. in turre ^.j^^ ^th yg^re of the faid kinge Edward the third, the forefaid Roger de Mortimer 

then Earle of March, (father in lawe to this lord Berkeley,) was condemned of 

Treafon and executed, one of the articles whereupon hee was condemned by that 

parliament, is, that where the kings father was fetled at Kenellworth, there to bee 

ufed as to kingly dignity appertaineth. That hee affuminge regall power to himfelf 

without warrant, conveyed him thence to Berkeley Caftle, where hee was by him 

Rot. parliam. 28. and his fautors trecheroufly murdered : 3ilnt> the fame is againe affirmed in parlia- 

^ ^' ment in the 28'^ of Edward the third, when Roger Mortimer his grandchild is 

reftored and this attainder reverfed : |^otU for any writer to fay contrary to this 

record, befides the untruth hee delivereth, is to accufe the wholl reprefentative 

349 body of all the eftate of the Realme | of ignorance and falfhood ; ilD^itl) with 

the records next following doe more then fuffice for cleering of this point. That 

kinge Edward the fecond was murdered at Berkeley Caftle. 



Hollinglh:fo:348. 



Rot. pari : 4. E: 3. 



fll^orttnicr foe great as noe fubjeft his equall, and fo generally hated as none 

Ptita coronae in fo much, could not fall, but his fonne in lawe this lord Berkeley mufl fuffer fome 

4.^E?'3. n^^'ie adverfity for his fake ; wherefore at the fame parliament, it was before the kinge 

Glouc : Wigorn. demanded of this lord, That whereas kinge Edward his father was delivered to the 

cuflody of him and of John Maltravers to bee fafely kept by them in the Caftle of 

the faid lord Berkeley of Berkeley in the County of Glouc; and being murdered 

in the fame Caftle and in theire cuflody, how hee could quit himfelf of the kings 

death : Hee anfwereth That hee was neither knowinge, helpinge nor procuringe 

A little to much thereto, nee vnquani Scivit de morte fua vfque in prefenti parliamento ifto nor ever 

pleadmg. j^j^g^ thereof untill this prefent parliament, whereof hee is ready to acquite himfelfe 

as this prefent parliament fhall award : Whereupon it is faid to him, That feeing 

hee is lord of the faid Caftle of Berkeley, And that the kinge was delivered to the 

cuflody of him the faid lord Thomas and Maltravers, to bee fafely kept, of whom 

and whofe fafe cuftody they accepted, hee is to anfwere for the death of the kinge : 

W^ttetO this lord Thomas replyes. That true it is That hee is lord of the faid 

Caftle, And that hee and John Maltravers received the kinge into their cuftody to 

bee 



I36I 



%ik of €t)oma0 tf)C €l)irli 



295 



bee fafely there kept, But withall faith That at fuch time as the kinge was murdered 

hee was fo fick at Bradley, out of the faid Caftle, that hee loft his memory ; Where- 4- miles of. 

unto it was againe replyed, That having the cuftody of the kinge comitted to him 

and to the faid John aforefaid. And fith hee had placed his minifters and under- 

keepers for that overfight. That hee by any fuch infermlty of ficknefs, could not fo 

excufe himfelf, but that hee muft in fuch cafe anfwere for the kings death ; llDtjCTCtO 

hee anfwers that hee did place with y' faid John Maltravers fuch keepers and fer- 

vants for the fafe keepinge of the kinge, as hee as much trufted as in himfelf; "3I!nt> 

for tryall that hee is not guilty of the death of the kinge, nor any way affentinge, 

helpinge or procuringe thereunto, hee puts himfelf upon his Country ; Whereupon 

twelve knights are upon the octaves of S' Hillary next, impanelled and fworne. Qui 

dicunt fuper facrm fuum, &c. who fay upon theire oaths That Thomas de Berkeley veredict juratory. 

is not guilty of the death of the father of the kinge that now is | nor was affentinge, 350 

aydinge or procuringe thereunto, And that at the time of the kings death hee was 

foe fick at Bradley that it was generally defpaired of his life ; And the Jury being 

afked whether he fled or abfented himfelf upon the murder aforefaid, fay not : But 

becaufe the faid Thom" de Berkeley placed Thomas de Gurnay and Wittm de Ocley 

keepers under him, by whome the kinge was murdered, further day is given to hear 

his judgment at the next parliament, And in the mean time to ftand comitted to 

Ralph de Nevill Steward to the kings houfe ; %liti it follows in the record, That code n? 18. 

afterwards in this parliament, the prelates, Earles and Barons befought the kinge 

for Thomas de Berkeley to bee delivered from his imprifonment upon his bayle, 

which the kinge granted, but hee to anfwere at the next parliament. 



I. in dorfo. 



C()C next year the fifth of the kings raigne, was another parliament whereto Rot. parliam. 5. 
this lord Thomas is not fomoned by any writ ; but amongft the petitions of that , 1 '" ^'^^^ 
parliament it is thus entred, 3111^0 the prelates Earles and Barons prayed the kinge claus : 5. E. 3. ps. 
for St^onsiClir Cljomas be ^Jcrfeclcp that hee would deliver him from his bayle, And 
thereupon the kinge charged them that hee fhould bee forthcominge at the next 
parliament ; fll^orc I find not to bee hereat done, fave that this lord as Executor to 
his father, petitioned the kinge and his Counfell in this parliament to pay him . 600'' 
for his fathers cuftody of the Town of Berwike ; And that, that . 600" might quit 
fuch debts as either hee or his Anceftors owed the kinge upon Exchequer proces, 
which was afranted ; Howbeit the kinee the twentieth of November in that fifth of 



claus. 5. E. 3. ps. 



Rot. tractat 



his raigne fent to have this lord with divers others of the Nobility to bee with him P'"''^' °^^' 
^ ... lullar. 5. E. 3. 

in octilbts^ hiHartj followinge, to have their counfells in divers waighty affairs arifen 

fince the laft parliament. 



296 



€f)c EiljfjBf of tl^ 23crhdcp^ 



1326 



pat. II 
pars. I. r 



E. 3- 
1 : 28. 



351 



CljUiSi in attendance flood this lord at divers parliaments following, untill a 
parliament holden at Yorke in the 9'^ of the kinge, wherein all the former proceed- 
ings being recited, this lord prayed the peeres to give him judgment accordinge to 
the faid verdi6l ; whereupon the kinge charged all the Earles Barons and Prelates 
there affembled, upon their allegiances, to avife whether hee was guilty of the kinge 
his fathers death or not, or aiding, affenting or procul-inge thereunto ; who all 
affirmed upon their allegiances, hee was not guilty ; But fay, notwithftanding, in 
regard fo horrible a murder was comitted in his Caflle, then in his cuftody, they 
would not then precifely determine of it, but referred the matter and him to the 
kings pleafure; the kinge thereupon, (faith the record,) finding that the faid Thomas 
de Berkeley was found not guilty. And that all his lords were of the fame mind, 
hee in Juftice now acquited him alfo, et eat inde fine die ; Referving neverthelefs 
power to difpofe further of him by parliament hereafter, as by the comon Counfell 
and advice thereof fliall bee found to ftand with Juflice and the kings pleafure; 3lnll 
laftly at this parliament holden the II'^of his raigne, all the Earles Barons and 
prelates doe acquite the faid lord Thomas in all things, faving fome fault of 
negligence, And adjudge him free from henceforth for ever, witnefs the I6'^ of 
March in the Eleventh of Edward the third. 



^fjUjBf after tryall and feaven years attendance, is this lord cleered, it being the 
only prefident that is pregnant in that kind ; wherein I conceive the reafon why 
hee was not tryed by his peeres, but by knights, to bee ; becaufe then, (for matter 
of faft,) they had been both his Judges and Jurors ; Afterwards I find him a Tryer 
of petitions for Gafcoigne, Wales, Scotland, the Ifles and other forren parts, at the 
Rot. parliament parliaments holden in the 14 . 15 . 17 . 18 . 20 . 21'!' and 28'.'' years of Edward the 
eifdem annis. third 



comp : fenli 
hofpicij 1. E. 3. in 
caflro de Berkeley. 



25ut if I were to objedl againfl; the verdit of the twelve knights, (which faved 
the life and barony of this lord,) I would urge, out of this lords own evidence, That 
hee could not lye fick at Bradley the ai'f" of September, (the day the kinge was 
murdered,) becaufe the accompt of his Steward of houfhold, declareth that hee 
came not thither till Michaelmas even, which was the 7'^ day after: And if fick at 
that time, yet not fo infirmed as to loofe his memory, for hee prefently wrote his 
tres and fent them by S' Thof Gurnay, (the regicide,) the next day at his charges 
to Nottingham, to advertize his father in lawe Mortimer, the Queene mother, and 
the young kinge her fon, thereof, which unles upon fome ground, hee would not 
have fent for wellcome newes, And of all others, why was S' Thomas Gurnay made 

the 



1361 Uifc of Cljonin? tftc <rt)irD 29" 

the meffenger, unles it was, (as it was,) to take him from the earth, for teUing of 

tales in the world ; ID{)tlt fecret intelligence paffed betweene the father in lawe, and 

fon in lawe, I will not further conjecfture, then that this lord much connived and by 

a fecond diredlion brought back by Gurnay, kept fecret the kings death till All S" comp. |/dict. 

followinge ; by which time and longe before hee had fo well recovered his health, 

as hee attended the kings body to Gloucefler, and fpent many of the intervenient 

days in huntings hawkings & other fports of the feild ; SajStip when Gurnay in 

mens opinions was fled, this | lord concealed him with wonderfull fecrecy till this 352 

tryall by parliam! was paft. And then upon a private leafe and tre of Atturney of carta in cadn. 

his lands of Beverflon Over and others, for his life and his wives, hee furnefhed ^*^ Berkeley. 

him for his flyinge with money and other requifites. And then allfo had a feoffment, 

(but without date,) from him of Betefle and other lands, which manifeflley fhew 

with what art this lord fliufled his cards. And thus alfo by what hath hitherto bene 

faid appeareth how grofly Polidor Virgill hath erred, writing that this lord Thomas Poiij . virgil : 

was executed for the treafon of murdering his kinge, Edward the fecond ; A 

notorious lye. That this unattainted family may not brooke. 

CI^C hungry appetite I had to bring this lord to liberty, and to fee him reftored 
to his Eftate and barony, with the iffue of his parliamentary tryall, (which clofely 
followed upon the heeles of the former,) and were in a kind of connexion de- 
pendant upon the laft a6l of the laft lords life, have drawn mee to outrunne the 
pupill part of his firft twenty yeares whereto I now lookebacke ; havinge alfo fully 
cleered the old error. And proved that the faid kings death was at Berkeley Caftle, 
and not elce w^here, which I undertooke to prove. 

Cl)i£> lord was borne about the 22''' yeare of Edward the firfl, in the days of 
his grandfather, who lyved to fee him about twenty fix : And was (as hath beene 
faid) about thirty at the death of the lord Maurice his father ; But whether hee had 
his youths education under his grandfather at Berkeley Caflle, or under his father 
at Portbury, I have not obferved. 

CI)£ firfl: time I can fully viewe his youth, is in the 21'!" of his age in Paynf- pat. 12.E. z.dorfo: 

wicke park, eleaven miles from Berkeley, then the inheritance of Adomarus de 

Valencia Earle of Penbroke, half brother to kinge Henry the third, where hee 

with his brother Maurice, Thomas Berkeley of Beoly their unckle, John Berkeley 

fon of Robert Berkeley of Arlingham their cozen, Thomas de Bradllon, (of all 

whom I have already written.) and about forty others, mofl; riotoufly ftole and fol : [296] 

^ ^ -J clajs : 13. E. ;. 

2 Q earned ^ ,^ 



298 



€f)c Xitocjef of tljc 23crhc!cpjS 



1326 



353 

pat. 13. E. 3.01:5. 



pat: 13. E. 2. 
m. 14. 



carried away the Earles deere, whereof the Earle complaining, A comiffion to 
enquire of the fa6l was awarded, whereby they were found guilty by inditement, 
And after outlawed thereupon ; And in Auguft the yeare following, the kinge fome- 
what feeminge to leane to the Earle his neere kinfman, commands that as many | 
of thofe riotors as could bee taken fhould bee comitted to the comon goale without 
baile. And to make worfe the former offence, (naught of itfelf,) this lord Thomas 
and his brother Maurice fhortly after, (by a worke of a worfe impreffion,) fet upon 
the four Coron's of the County, and would not fuffer them at their County Court to 
record the exigents of their outlawries, nor to execute thofe things which to their 
offences appertained, concerning themfelves and their riotous companions : for 
which fecond riotous offence alfo, they the 7'^ of March after procured their feverall 
pdons from the kinge then at Canterbury, as they were going into gafcoigne in the 
kings fervice with theire father, where they abode all the time of their fathers flay 
as already hath bene faid. 



pat. 15. E. 2. ps 
2. in dorfo. bis. 



^^t next time I meet with this lord Thomas in record, is after his fathers 
committment to Wallingford Caflle, waftinge, burning, pulling downe, deflroying, 
and carrying away out of the lands of the two Earles Spenfers, the father and the 
fonne, in the fifteenth of the faid kinge, without meafure or mercy, whatfoever 
houfes goods or chatties of theirs they could find or feaze on, in the Counties of 
Oxon Berks and others, which hee with his riotous and rebellious affociates con- 
tinued, (in revenge of his fathers unjufl imprifonment,) untill by vertue of many 
comiffions fent with proclamations into many Counties, hee was taken and clapt up 
in the Tower, as formerly in the life of the lord Maurice his father is more largely 
written ; from whence hee after efcapes, but is againe taken and clapt up in Berk- 
hamfteed Caflle, And afterwards removed into Pevenfey Caflle by the fea fide in 
Suffex, And from thence delivered, as alfo hath beene faid. 



Rot. Scotije. II. 5lnb the Rolls of Scottifh affairs in thefe times doe intimate, That in the 12'!" 

12.13. -2.01.12. ygg^j.^ ^1" j.j^jg j^inge Edward the fecond, this lord Thomas with his faid brother 

Maurice were in armes in thofe Scottifh warrs, both under the lord Roger Mortimer 

lord of Wigmore, and the lord Wittm la Zouch which imployment is probable to 

have been a prime caufe of the lord Mortimers affetling him for his fon in lawe ; 

which in fiiort time after bore fuch fruite That before the Sunday after S! James's 

carta in caftro de day in the 14'!' yeare of that kinge hee was marryed to Margaret daughter to the 

'^Efch^'poamori ^^'^^ ^o^d Mortimer; for by the lord Mortimers deed of that days date, the faid 

Tho.de Berkeley. Thomas and Margaret his then wife were eflated in the manor of Awre, and in the 

35- E. 3. 

finis, ft E. 2. moytie 



1 36 1 Uifc of <ri)onuTfi{ tftc <n)irD 299 

moytie of the Recflory thereof, and of tlie hundred of Bledeflow in the County of 
Glouc : And in the next yeare this Thomas purchafed of one | Luida, divers lands 354 
in Chelvey in the County of Wilts to himfelf and to the faid Margaret his wife and 
the heires of his body ; Howbeit though hee at her fathers houfe at Wigmore 
Callle thus there tooke her to wife, which was more then a year before his grand- 
father dyed, and more then as much more before his father and himfelf were 
imprifoned, yet hee never brought her to any of his own or of his fathers or grand- 
fathers houfes till after both their deaths and his own inlargment out of prifon and 
rertitution to his lands, which, (as hath been written,) was more then feaven years claus. 2. E. 3. in 
after ; Neither did Mortimer pay or give fecurity for payment of that — 850" portion °'.""^- 
which this lord Thomas was to receive, (befides the faid land,) w'!" his wife, untill Thomae de Berke- 
the fecond of March in the fecond yeare of kinge Edward the third, which was Berkeley ^° ^ 
then agreed to be paid, and was accordingly paid by. 150'.' each half yeare: In 
which fecond yeare hee brought her to Berkeley: And (as I conceive) then (through 
her tender years,) unto his bed ; And if kinge James's maxime ftand That abfque 
copula nullum coniugium, then alfoe firft to be his wife ; for whofe better welcome in cafu Coin 
hee both repaired and enlarged his Caflle of Berkeley, as his officers Accompts of ^^^^ c' Somerfet. 

that yeare doe (hewe ; And had there with him the Queene mother, his father in ^'""P- ^^cept. 
•" "^ I. et. 2. bj. 3. in 

lawe her favorite, the lord Clifford of the North, and many other dates of honor caflro dc Berk, 
and quality, as his nuptiall guefts ; which popular port, (the condition of the cheife 
parties confidered, in the place of the kings death, then felt, feene and rejoyced at,) 
aggravated this lords fufpicon, and his parliamentary tryall that fhortly after 
followed: what more of this marriage is to bee faid, fhall followe under mine fol. I402I 
accuftomed title of this lords wife. 

%t fuch time in this firft yeare of Kinge Edward the third as this lord Thomas Accompt of each 
firft entered upon his fathers lands, after the kings five years poffeffion and his own "'^"°'' '" ^^^^^ 
as longe reftraint in feverall prifons, hee found for the moft part all his granges and 
manor houfes, dovehoufes. Stables, O.xhoufes, mills, cratches,^ cubs,- waynes. Carts 
and Plows, (all thefe are named,) foe out of repaire and decayed, That the fubftance 
of half the accompts of the Reeves and Baylyes of each manor, for y'= two next 
years, containe only the wages and works of Carpenters, Sawiers, Mafons, Wheel- 
rights, millrights, Tylers, and the like : Even as Henry lord Berkeley found the 
ruins in his houfes of Wotton, Portbury, and Berkeley Caftle, when in the firft of 
Queene Mary, after 58 years poffeffion in the Crowne, hee entred upon them ; And 

2 Q 2 the 

1 Panniers, cradles or hooks, for afles or mules, hand-barrows. 

2 Cribs or racks for Cattle. Thefe words are dill in ufe in Glouceflerlhire. — [Ed.] 



oo €Ijc Eibcjef of tijc 23crhdcp;0f 1326 

355 the oxen, kine, fheep and other | cattle that manured and were bred and fed upon 
thefe granges and manor houfes, fo decayed, or degenerated, or both, That as the 
faid ace" do fhewe, few or noe great faires or marketts were in thofe parts, whereat 
this lord was not himfelf as at Wells, Gloucefter, Winchcomb, Tetbury and others ; 
where alfo hee new bought or changed the feverall grains that fowed his arrable 
lands ; And whether it were his knowledge drawn from his grandfathers wifdome 
and experience, or his own obfervations, or that afifliftion had made him wife, I 
leave it to that fupernall wifdome that imparted it ; 25ut perfwaded I am, (and 
fomewhat my youth and age have obferved and feen, as well in the books and 
method of the kings houfhold, as of other great lords and families,) That noe lord 
then livinge did eftablini, And fewe or none in thefe days doe or can, foe good an 
order or method for accompts for hufbandry and thrivinge, And for true dealinge of 
Servants and Accomptants, through whofe hands any of his money, corne, cattle, 
Acates or houfhold provifions, were to come, as hee did. 3Ilntl a little to enlarge this 
inftance, the Accompts of Henry Peche Supervifor hofpicij domini Steward of the 
houfe of Berkeley in the fecond of this kinge, is not unworthy of imitation, wherein 
by a perfed: method every days receipts of all provifions and Acates into the houfe, 
the dayly expences of each office in the houfe. as of bread fpent in the pantry, beere 
in the buttry, butter in the larder, Acates in the Kitchen, wine in the Celler, oates 
and other corne out of the granary, beoffes and other beafts out of the Slaughter 
houfe, and the like, Are fb exaftly fet downe. That, the age confidered, it would 
beget admiration, and thrufl good hufbandry and imitation upon that fonne, that in 
a true levell beholds this Anceflor. ^CllD in this and fome other accompts is feene 
what provifion was fent for the dinners or fuppers of this lord, when hee continued 
huntinge in his parkes, and abrode at the fox, wherein hee would lye out whole 
nights in the feilds and woods : And howe frutefull an effec!:!; this prudent eftablifh- 
ment of his houfhold affaires produced, efpetially in this firfl entrance to his eflate, 
the after part of his life doth aloud found out, and invite his poflerity to imitation. 

311ntl knowing what good fucceffe attendeth each bufinefs which taketh oppor- 

01-6 tunity of time by the forehead, Hee in the faid parliament | time as Executor to 

claus: 1. E. 3. his father. Executor of the lord Thomas his father, exhibits his petition to the new 

ps. I. m : 20. lyings Counfell, Hiewing how that the corn in his manors and granges, his cattle and 

other goods, after the death of his faid grandfather, were feazed upon in all his 

manors by John Hampton, then Sherriffe of GlouceRerfliire, and others by the then 

kings commandment, and by them detained untill the fame were delivered unto 

James de Broughton, to whom the cuflody of the faid manors and granges were 

comitted, 



I36I 



Uifc of in^onuijaf t()c €l)Kti 



301 



comitted, who fold them to the then kings ufe &c : And prayeth recompence. 
Whereto hee receiveth order from the kings command the 8'!" of February, (but 
thirteen days after the ele6lion of the kinge,) directed to his Treforer and Barons 
of the Exchequer, That if it may appear in his accompts That fuch goods came to 
the ufe of his father, That reftitution of the value fliould bee made unto him : Then 
which this lord aiked no more. 

'311nb beinge returned from this parliament, fhortly after held his Courts of comp. dc 

r II I • Slimbridj^e, 
recognition, whereat by Henry Rokehull and others hee tooke the fealtyes of all his Hurrt.it.it.r.K.j. 

Tenants. 

3in the courfe of his whole life I feldome obferve him to continue one \frhole 

yeare togeather at any one of his houfes, but havinge many furnilhed hee eafily 

removed, (without removing,) As Berkeley and Beverfton Caftles, Awre, Wotton, 

Portbury, Bedminfter, Bradley Wendon and others ; and I generally obferve That 

at fuch times as hee was in warrs abrode, as often and longe hee was, or did alibi 

perhendinare continue at tylts, turnaments or other haftiludes, as often wholl 

monthes togeather at Worcefter, Coventry, Dunftable, Stamford, London, Win- 

chefler Exeter and other places hee did : Or was at the parliament at London, 

Yorke, Lincolne, or the like places, his good and frugall lady withdrew her felf for 

the moft part to her houfes of leafl refort and receipt ; whether for her retirement 

or frugality, or both, I determine not : which courfe at this inftant hee put in vre, 

fifor in this firft of Edward the third havinge a fewe monthes continued at Berkeley 

after his returne out of the North, upon Michaelmas eve hee removed from thence Comp : Wiftm 

to Bradley, whence the 22'!' of Oclober hee returned to Berkeley And from thence Capellfenhhofpic. 

the 18'!" of Decern' hee went to keep his Chriftmas at Portbury, havinge in thefe 

57 days fpent at Berkeley. 72 . fat hoggs valued at 12'.' i? 10?; In which time his 

poultry Acates came to — 15'! 03? 09 ; After Chriflm^s he travelled againe | into 357 

the North to Blith, Yorke, and other places, In which Tourney hee fpent — 8i'ii4L8^ ^P^^P '■ Nigel Ide 

_ * . . kingfcote incaflro 

As the accompts of Nigell de Kingfcote, mafter of his horfe in that Journey, de Berkeley. 

declared : In which kind of courfe I held it poffible for mee to have tracked this 

lord in all his removings for the thirty five next years till his death. 



^10 fjusbnnDqi and !)o^pitaUtp 
Cf)t^ lord had in his hands at one time togeather, all the demefnes of the divers .- cartje et 
manners of Berkeley and Wotton Burroughs, Hame, Appleridge, Alkington, [„ Ta'flro dfBerk ■ 
Hinton, Hurft, Slimbridge, Came, Cowley, Wotton-fforren, Symondfall, Beverfton, 

Woodmancot, 



302 €l)e Hitc^ of tt^t 25crferfcp^ 1326 

Woodmancot, Upon S' Leonards, Over, Kingfwefton, Tockington, Tormarton, 
Charfeild, Huntingford, Tortworth, Veelham, Weflonbirt, Aylberton, Compton 
Greenfeild, Seintcle, Awre, Blideftowe, Tokinhall and Pirton, Leckhampton, 
Hatherley, Yarkeley, and fome others in the County of Gloucefter. And of the 
manors of Portbury, Bedminfler, Portfhead, Barewe, Gurney, Tykenham, King- 
fton Seimor, Brighmerflon, Sokke and fome others in the County of Somerfet, 3l!nt> 
of the manors of Great Wendon, httle Wendon and Eafl Stanes in the County of 
Effex. 5llnD of the manors of Burghull, Tullington, Rotchull, Winterbourne, 
Madington, Orkefden, Childengfton, Langly Burell, Shulden, Sapworth, Wintred, 
Eftham, Ekington, Chippenham, Lolledon, Wefllond, Side, Norton, Bornhill, 
EHfton, Plimpton, AbHngton, Alton, Penleigh, Netherham, Exton, Hamburell, 
Moneweden, and fome others in other Counties, befides divers perticular farmes in 
feverall places in this enumeration not remembred : <£>t all which, (according to the 
ufage of thofe times,) hee kept the demefne lands in his hands, and flocked them 
with his owne oxen, kine, flieep, fwine and other cattle ; 3?!^ fome of which manors 
hee had his flockesof . 1500. fheepe, In fome 1000, 900, 800, 700, 600, 500, 400, 
and in none under 300. %t Beverflon in the feaventh of Edward the third, hee 
did fheare . 5775 . fheepe, which were going in thofe manors thereto adjoyning. | 

358 "^n each manor, and almofl upon each farm houfe hee had a pigeon houfe, and 

in divers manors two, And in Hame and a few others, (where his dwelling houfes 
were,) three : from each houfe hee drew yearly great niibers As. 1300. 1200. 1000. 
850 . 700 . 650 . from an houfe, And from Hame one yeare . 2 1 5 1 . young pigeons. 

5llt thefe manor houfes hee kept geefe, duckes, peacocks, hens, capons, and 
chickens, in great proportions, drawing from fome of them . 200 . and from fome 
many more of a kind in each yeare ; And many thoufands of their eggs yearly from 
one place ; ijCllfC alfoe hee yearly had great flore of hony and wax, and fmall nutts, 
(whereof from Hame of a certainty from his Copiholders hee had fifteene Bufhells 
each yeare ;) ^liO thofe manors on the further fide feaverne and adjoyning to the 
fforreft of Deane, and in the Chafe of Micklewood in Alkington, hee had divers 
heards of goats, and a fuperintendant Officer over the inferior called his Mafter 
goat-heard ; from whence 300 . kids in each yeare came, when leafl, to the Larder, 
and Roes heere and in his parks, if capreoli, be latin for Roes. 5F'^0'^ hence alfoe 
came the oxen, bullocks, calves, flieep, and lambs, w".'' they weekly killed in theire 
houfes, in fuch an extraordinary proportion as may feeme uncredible, unles a due 
confideration bee taken of the nature and manner of great lords hufbandries in 

thefe 



1 36 1 Uife of Cfionmsf tfic Zi\ntt 303 

thefe times, which cannot any other ways fo well bee underftood as by lookinge into tomj)i in caRro 

de Herkeley. 
their accompts. 

jrroni hence alfo came their great proportions of wheat, rye, barly, oates, peafe, 
beanes, and ffetches, apples and pears, whereof great quantities of cider and perry 
were yearely made. 

%n\i thefe Accompts yearly made by the Reeves and Bayliffs hufbanding the 
Demefnes of theire manors, and fuch other meffuages and lands as refted in their 
hands, will tell him that defireth to cafl an eye into their granaries, what at the end 
of each yeare remained of old ftore in each manor and place : what in each place 
was reaped and wynowed, what fold at Marketts, what (hipped to fea, what from 
thence fpent in the lords houfe, what in the ftable, what by the doggs, And what by 
the hens and pigeons, by the falcons, | tarfells, and other hawkes ; what wheat and 359 
beans was given to the poore, and to fryars and other religious orders of ordinary 
allowance each yeare, and how much of wheat, barley and oates was yearly made 
into malt, (an hulbandry almoft loft in this age,) with many the like perticulars. 

3CniJ when the Reeve or Bayly at the end of his yeare, left his office to a plures huius 
^ .. . . . r -^1 i(-ii-i ■ r ^ r ■ generis in caftro 

fucceffor, the Inventory is fo exa(;:t, what cattle oi each kmd, gram 01 each lort m ^^ ^g^k. 

the barn gralnar)' or corne on the ground, what poultry of each fort, what waynes, 

carts, fullows,^ harrows, drags, rollers, cribs, axes, hatchets, fithes, hammers, reap- 

hooks, bufhells, pecks, brafs, pewter, old iron, butter, cheefe, bacon, cheefvates, 

cheefclouts and other perticulars, (of each kind to bee thought upon,) remained, 

which was by writing in parchm' indented delivered over to the next, That it cannot 

but give us caufe almoft of wonder, And to fay non fine prudenti fecit ratione 

vetuftas, cundla, out of our old forefathers feilds wee reap the beft frutes of our 

modern underftandings : And laudamus veteres fed noftris vtimur annis, wee Juftly 

praife our forefathers doings, but imitate our own appetites. 

Cljis courfe of hufbandry with little or noe interruption in effe6l, was continued 
from the time of kinge Henry the third to the fifth yeare of kinge Henry the fifth, 
the fpace of one hundred and fifty yeares ; & howe longe before, thofe parchment 
Rolls that fhould have informed us are turned into duft : And then this noble family 
clave afunder, parting it felf into two ftreams and branches, that yeilded no better 
frute in the next century of yeares then rancor and contention. As in the life of the 
lord James the firft will be declared. 

' Ploughs. 



304 



€f)e Hitf^ of tt)c 25crftritpiS 



1^,26 



Rot. pari. 21. R. 2. 
ps. 2. m. 6. in 
turre Londin. 



Math: 14. vers, i 



Comp : Rec. i. 

E. 3. et 20. E. 3. 

in caflro de 

Berkeley. 



CljC parliament roll tells us, That in the fifteenth of Edward the fecond, what 
time this lords father and his complices made havock of the goods and catde of 
Hugh Spenfer th'elder, then Earle of Winchefter, hee had in thofe manors which 
hee wafted, 2000 hoggs, 120 kine, 40 . tun of wine, 160. carts, 600. bacons fower- 
fcore carcafes of beoffe, and 500 . of muttons in the larder ready killed, befides 
divers others in that record fpecifyed ; And thefe only in a fewe of thofe many 
Counties wherein hee had like manors ftocked with like cattle, which in thefe times 
of ours wee hold as a wonder, admireing the numbers. 3JlnJ) as I was fumming up 
the certaine numbers of this lords fheep in the 7'^ 2o'^ and 3o'^ yeares of Edward 
360 the third, out of the Accompts of thofe | years, thereby to pick out a comon 
medium, holding my numbers not much inferior, (wherein to the akeing of mine 
eyes I continued fixteene houres obftinate,) An old profane tale, (which eafed mee,) 
prefented it felf to memory, of an old prieft in the end of Henry the 8'^' raigne, 
who readinge the gofple of the day out of the I4'^ of S! Math, of Chrifts feeding . 
5000 . men befides weomen and children with five loaves and two fifhes, the well 
meaning preift read but . 500 . w':'' his Clark obfervinge, privately told him his booke 
was . 5000 . I know well enough anfwered the preift, but my parifhoners will fcarcely 
beleeve me, though I fay but . 500 : In like fort my readers, like thofe parifhioners 
or preift, would returne on mee. If I prevent them not in my felf: But lefs labour 
it is to beleeve mee in this, then to re-examine my calculation : I verily thinke 
That noe two of the greateft houfkeepers of this kingdom amongft the Nobility at 
this day, fpend fo much in groffe proviffions of beoffe, mutton, fwines flefh, bread, 
beere, pultry, pigeons and eggs, as this lord in his ftandinge houfe ufually did : 
whofe check-roll of his attendants and houfehold fervants and theire qualities may 
give fattisfaftion herein : CJjC knights that had wages by the day and their double 
liveries of gowns furred, were ufually twelve, often more, each of them two fervants 
and a gartion or page, and allowances for the like number of horfes ; Ct)C Efqures 
that alfo had wages by the day, each of them one man and a page, and allowance 
in like manner for their horfes, were twenty and fower, often more : from whence 
may bee conjectured what the number of inferior degrees, and of Officers and 
minifters of houfhold, might in probability bee ; 31 ^^tt confident That the mouthes 
of his ftanding houfe, each day fed were three hundred at leaft : And in greatnefs 
of Traine this lord exceeded his grandfather. 



Comi). p'-dia 5rrom one manor was ufually delivered one hundred and threefcore quarters of 

wheat by the yeare. And from another one hundred and forty, from another one 
hundred quarters, and after fuch proportions from divers others : each day fpent 
much above two quarters of wheat in the bakehoufe and paftry. %\\ 



1 36 1 Hifc of a:i)onn\0 tl)c CliirD 305 

SHU the knights robes were of cloth of ray, and of a baflard fcarlet, | furred 361 

Com] 
itiiii. 
carl'. 17. 18. E. 3. 



with miniver of the befl, And the habit of the lord hinifelf was thereto forted. Comp. 16. E. 3 

11)111. 



Cljf robes of an Efquier were of fine brod ray collour cloth, furred with a 
courfer fort of myniver ; And fo were the Clarks of the Chappie and homines de 
offico, the officers of houfehold and waiting weomen. 

C!)C livery of the gartion and underfervants, were all of them of cloth, and 
furred with Coney, lambikinne, and budge, each a degree under other ; And I have 
obferved eight brode fcarlets and of ray for the knights, and twelve for the Efq? 
Chaplens and officers, to have beene provided in one yeare for theire robes. 

SUllb for the honor of all parts lord mafter and knight fervant, I will relate the 
faire difcent of S' John Tracy, (one of this lords knights,) As alfo was S' John Tracy 
his father to Thomas the fecond, grandfather to this lord, who was father of Wittm 
Tracy, father of Wittm Tracy, father of Henry Tracy, (who dyed in the i;'!" of 
Henry the 7'^) father of Wittm Tracy who dyed in the 22'!' of Henry the 8'^ 
Father of W™ Tracy who dyed in y° 20'.'' of Henry y* 8"' before his father, (and 
after his death had his bones burned for proteflant herefy,) father of Henry Tracy, 
father of S' John Tracy who dyed in the 33'.'' of Elizabeth, father of S' John Tracy 
that yet liveth. 1620. A noble pedegree of feaven difcents higher in this kingdome 
fmce the Norman conqueft in the younger line, then here I have for brevity fet 
downe : The like I could write for three or fower other of the km'ghts, meniall 
fervants to this lord. 

3lf I could affure my felf that this young lord George, (who nowe weares the 
honor of his Anceftors,) would but once in maturity of his yeares, advifedly read 
over fome of thefe accompts of his Anceftors courfes and fafhions of regulateing 
their eftate, if hee were gone aftray or had outrun his receipts, (as not unlike it is, 
but his firft head or foare age may,) I would conclude that thereby hee would bee 
reclaymed : The hand is reafonably eafy after a little acquaintance, as foone attained 
as the lawe ffrench of Littleton ; The latin fmooth and delightfull ; Stub becaufe the 
whole body of them in the time of this lord Thomas is too vaft in the generall, I 
will commend to his reading only thofe two of the firft and fecond years of Edward 
the third, to fliewe him how this his Anceftor began the firft yeare hee entred upon 
his land ; And thofe other of the twentieth of that kinge, whereby taking the 
begining and middle of his life into confideration hee may caft | up the reft of his 362 
yeares before and after by a probable medium. 

2 R /; <©f 



3o6 



€f)e SlibCiGf of rtje 25crftricp^ 



1326 



Comp : 20. E. 3. 
in caflro de Berk : 



<©f this twentieth yeare there is a moft exa6l abftraft alfo, of all this lords 
expenfes for that yeare, as well inward at home as forren abrode, (a double fteeled 
glafs for poflerity,) fhewing what hee that yeare fpent in wheat, beans, peafe gray 
and white, barly, malt, wheat malt, and barly malt, and malt of dredge or mung- 
corne, and of oates ; in oates hay and litter, in oxen, bullocks, kine, calves, fheep, 
fwine of all forts, goates and kids, coneys, peacocks, hemes, feafants, ducks, geefe, 
capons, hens, chickens, fwans, pigeons, cheefe of cows, milk of goates, and fheepf- 
milk, butter, creame, and rice : 3llnll what in forren As in fpice, wine, liveryes, and 
the like, which in all humility I invite the nowe lord George to read, and digeflingly 
to confider off; the totall whereof came to 1309'i 14! 6? o^. And on the dorfe 
thereof hee fhall fee an hufbandly obfervation how much in each kind was this 
yeare expended leffe then in the former yeare : And yet had cleere remaining to his 
purfe in the end of all 1 150'.' 18! 8^ of that years favinge. 



Abftradl comp : 

recept.et 

garderob: 20. E. 3. 

linea. 7. 



311ntJ for the horfes which this lord this yeare kept in the houfe, let thefe words 
in the Accompt that cannot lye or flatter, tell us their number. 3In f^no et litera 
pro . 1 538 1 . equis . viz! pro feno et litera vnius equi per diem et no6lem . i?c(j. 
That is expended in hay and litter for fifteene thoufand three hundred fowerfcore 
and one horfe, at a peny farthing for a day and night for an horfe, 80I' i' aj^'! mean- 
ing after the maner of Accompts, That foe many horfes were one day with another 
in the ftable, as came to foe many in the yeare, which was above one hundred horfe 
for each day in the yeare one with another. 



3(n the fecond yeare of his Barony his Receivour had clearly remaininge in his 
hands upon his Accompts when all debts and purchafes were paid 452'' : 2' : o^. 

3[ri the ninth yeare — 659'' — 7? 

3|nthe 1 9'!^ yeare — 977 — 16' — 5^ 



3fn the twentieth yeare aforefaid — 1 150" — 18' — 8^ as hath beene faid ; And fo 
rather each yeare increafing then diminifliing, befides what was in the lords private 
purfe, and in the Cafli of ftore, whereinto y" the remainder of each yeare was cafl ; 
363 And befides the debts owinge | to him at the end of each yeare, which are expreffed 
to bee many. 3lf this lord George fliall propofe this Anceftor for his prefident, or 
his grandfather Thomas the fecond, hee fhall fee what frutes, the plants called good 
order and good hufbandry doe beare. And fhall not fee nor know what eight, ten 

or 



1 36 1 



life of CljoniaiBi t!)c CljirD 



307 



or twelve in the hundred meaneth, from which I pray God deliver him and his 
pofterity. ^1)0 nobility and great gentry of this kingdome have noe trades, are 
noe Marchants : provident faving of their rents and fines and well regulateing of 
their eflates in their occupation, which if they negledl they foone feele the want 
and fmart ; The Gloucefterlliire proverb within the hundred of Berkeley is, That 
favinge mufl equall havinge, elce want will at the years end bee Auditor and 
Accomptant. 

Cl)C irregularityes and diforders of our days may not appeare in Ace*:" to 
pofterity : wee will fpend all and more at the years end, and not be able to fay 
howe, or wherein : It is a bafe thinge now adays to behold the Accompt of John 
Stoke in the twentieth of kinge Edward the third colledlor feodi coquinse, collecflor Comp : 20. et. 22. 
of the Kitchen fee to this great lord, and foe of former and after years, (hewing g 3- '" caftr = de 
how much of the fame greafe was fold for money. And how much thereof was 
fpent in greafmg of the waynes, carts and other imployments, and how much re- 
mained in the veffell at home for ftore. 

3|n the 23"? of this kinge foe great was the plague within this lords manor of Comp : manerij de 
Hame, That foe many worke folks, (as amounted to . 1144 . days worke,) were n™ h ^ij k^i '" 
hired to gather in the corn of that manor alone, as by their deaths fell into the lords 
hands, or elce were forfaken by them. 



3|n fteed of purchafes may bee the two improvements which this lord made 
out of his wafte of Slimbridge warth ; The one of twenty acres in the 9* of 
Edward the third now called Katharine Cookes leyes. The other of fifty fower 
acres of the faid warth in the tenth of the faid kinge now called new leyes, worth 
at this day more pounds then acres. %0 alfo the like hee did of divers parcells of 
Michaelwood Chafe, and in other places, to a great value, not afkinge leave of the 
clowted fhoe and Commoner, whether it ftood with his likeing or not. As after in 
the title of purchafes more largely followeth. 



Carta in cafl.ro de 
Berkeley. 9. E. 3. 
Comp: prjepOiti 
de Hurfl et 
Slimbridge in 9. 
10. II. 12. E. 3. 
et pollea, in 
caflrode Berkeley. 

videfol:[384] 



3J tDifi conclude this honorable title of this lords hofpitality with y' petition of petitio in parli : 

4. E. 3. n? loi. in 
arce Lend : 



S' John Berkeley of Durfley, exhibited in parliament in the fourth yeare of kinge 
Edward the third, which may affure us of | this lords great port and family, who 
therein complaineth againft him. That the Sherife and other ofticers and other 
minifters of Juftice in the County of Gloucefter were this lords houfhold fervants, 
and of his ftanding wages and livery, And therefore could have no Juftice againft 
him, nor redelivery of his cattle by this lord unjuftly impounded as hee alleadged. 
2 R 2 %it3i 



364 



3o8 



€f)c %i\}c0 of tijc 25frhdcp^ 



1326 



31InD further, this honorable title which I now conclude, may, (by confideringe 
the magnificence of nobility in this lords perfon and his days,) fhewes us the root 
from whence fprunge thofe antient ceremonies ufed throughout the kingdome, con- 
tinued from antiquity till the days of our laft fathers ; That whenfoever any noble 
man or peere of the Realme paffed through any parifh all the bells were accuftomed 
to bee runge in honor of his perfon, and to give notice of the paffage of fuch 
eminency ; And when their tres were upon occafions read in any affemblies, the 
Commons prefent would move their bonnets in token of reverence to their name 
and perfon. 

Who would not ftoupe to ferve them at their feet. 
Where fuch nobility and vertue meet. 



Comp : de Slim- 

bridg et Hurfl. i. 

E. 3. in caflro de 

Berkeley. 



^10 fiutltiingjfli 

3[n the firft yeare of kinge Edward the third, which, (as before I have faid,) 
was the firfl; alfo of this lords reftitution to his lands and barony, this lord built a 
faire houfe at his manor of Aure on the other fide Seavern, oppofite to his manors 
of Slimbridge and Hurft ; and from out of Redwood by Hurft hee carryed three 
fcore okes to the waters fide, and then by boat to Aure in furtherance of that 
buildinge ; wherein I thinke hee humored with his wife and her father the lord 
Mortimer, in building upon y"= land hee had with her. 



Comp : rec : et '^n the fame yeare and the year following, hee fomewhat built, but more 

gard I. et. 2. E. 3. beautified, his caflle of Berkeley, the rather arainft the marriaere of his only fifler, 
in castde Berkeley . . -r / 1 ?■ ^^ 1 • 1 r 

and the receiving thither his own wife, (whom his Tenants wellcomed with a prefent 

365 of 3'.' 19' 6'' in gold,) | And againfl the cominge of the Oueene mother and her 

minion the H Mortimer this lords father in lawe. 



Comp. rec. et 

minifler. 

Maner. 2. 3 et 4 

E. 3. in Caftro de 

Berkeley. 



'Cl)C fame yeare alfo and the next followinge, hee had work enough to doe in 
reedifying his granges and farme houfes, decayed duringe the poffeffion of kinge 
Edward the fecond, as formerly is faid ; And in buildinge of the fquare pile of 
flone worke of the lodge of Newparke, (then alfoe made an impaled parke,) which 
name, becaufe other parks of this lords adjoyning were more antient, it then had 
and dill retayneth. 



Comp. Recept. '^M the 16"' of kinge Edward the third this lord of new built, (then ruinated,) 

'^ ^d^ r" k^f "^^ '■^^ great high Tower of the north part of the keep in Berkeley Caftle, called at 



de Berkeley 



this 



I36I 



llifc of Cfjoimxitf t!)c iTljird 



309 



this day Thorps Tower, (becaufe hee holdeth his hind at Wanefwell by guard 
thereof,) which coft him one hundred and eight pounds three fhiUings and a peny, 
fetching mod of the flones by boat from feavern. And the Tuft ftone from Durfley 
by land. 

3In the iS'!" and . 19'!* yeares of the faid kinge hee built the newe worke at the Comp. Recept. 
Caftle, (foe then called,) which is that part without the Keepe on the northeaft p^n' 'j ^p^'i.'" 
next the little parke, and next to the great kitchen, the roofe whereof Henry the 
feaventh brought from Wotton as tradition tells us. 

3In the 20'.'' yeare of the faid kinge, hee built a new houfe at Over, which John Comp. Rec 20 E. 
Dowle, now lord thereof, of late tooke down, erefting a fairer in the place, after the '^^^^\ a ro e 
fafhion of thefe our times, But the aged countenance of the firfl, fhewed the beauty 
and sfreatnefs it had at this time. 



C!)C fame yeare hee beflowed one hundred pounds in repairing his houfe at Comp. de Wotton 
•,,, \ 1 ■ 1 I 1-1 in eodem anno. 

Wotton, And m other years the like. 

3^n the 22"! and 23'!' years of that kinge hee much re-edified his Caftle of Comp.Rec.eifdem 
Bevefton, where hee fpent many months in the yeare, efpetially after it was become 
the Joynture of his fecond wife, and entayled upon her children. Others lye hidden 
from mee. j 

J^ijf forrcn implopnicntjtf 
1$Ctcin I will turn my felf to this lords imployments under king Edward the 
third, after the death of the lord Maurice his father, leaving thofe other fervices 
wherein hee bore Arms in the life of his grandfather and father, to the mentions 
thereof in their lives already made, and to what hath been before touched in the 
life of this lord himfelfe. 



annis. in Cailro 
de Berkeley. 



366 



Ci)C S'^ of Aprill in the firft of kinge Edward the third, the kinge writes to Rot. Scotise. i. E. 
this lord to meet him at New Caftle upon Tyne, upon Affenfion day followinge, ^j ™ ' ^' £ 
with all his forces to goe againft the Scotts. And the 28■^ of the fame month by his i. m. 2j. dorfo. 
fecond tres, direfts this lord and Maurice his brother, and John Maltravers the r^^.^j g ,' ;„ ^ 
younger, to goe to the Caftle of Briftoll And thence to bringe with them to him caftrode Berkeley, 
into the north parts all his Armories and other things which they fhould there find, 
giving them a further authority to take up for convey thereof what carriages they 
would, when where and how they would : Accordingly they keep their time. And 

(hordy 



3IO €f)c Hitc^ of tt)c ^evMep0 1326 

Daniell fol. 185 et fliortly after both the Armies of Englifh and Scottifli encounter at Stanhope parke: 
Howbeit though the EngHfh were thrice greater and might prefently have vanqufhed 
their enemies, yet by the treafon of fome greater men, (as it was bruted,) they all 

Rot. pv : claus. i. efcaped : with which treafon Mortimer this lords father in lawe was three years 

. 3. m . II. e . ^fj-gj. charged in parliament and executed. And the third of July following, this L? 

and John Maltravers come back from Yorke, by leave obtained of the kinge, with 

the allowance of two hundred pounds for their Journey. And then alfoe received 

claus : I. E. 3. ps. from the kinge an unufuall Comiffion, (greater then of any lieutenancy and an ill 
prefident to poflerity,) under y" great feale, dated the firft of July in the faid firfl 
yeare of his raigne whereby they two were made principales et capitales cuflodes 
pacis, principall and cheife Juftices of the peace, in the Counties of Gloucefter, 
Wilts, Oxon, Berks, South ton, Somerfet, Dorfet, and Hereford, to furvey and over- 
fee the a6lions and behaviours of all Juftices and Magiftrates in thofe Countyes, 
howe they had or fhould demeane themfelves, And to punifli both them and all other 
offenders in thofe Countyes by death or otherwife, with a command to all Sherifes 

pat. I. E. 3. pars. ^^^^ other Subiefts to avd and attend them in execution thereof; from March before 
I. m dorfo. _ _ ■' •' 

which comifs. for the laft five months, this lord and S' William de Wauton one of 

367 his I houfhold had only been in Comiffion for the peace in the County of Gloucefter, 

and none other with them. 

Comp. Rec : 2. E. ^tt the fecond yeare of that kinge, this lord was fent againft the Scotts, as 

^ *" ^ Berk^ ^^'^ ^^^ repreffing of inrodes and incurfions, as to treat about a peace; In which 

Howe. Journey this onely I find. That for his provifion on the way, hee tooke with him 

from Berkeley nine Lampry pyes ; unles I fhould fay they were to give the Queene 

mother, or his father in lawe the lord Mortimer ; whofe recognizance the fecond of 

claus.2.E.3.dorfo. March at Yorke hee then had for payment of — 850'i for his daughters portion 

formerly by this lord taken to wife as hath beene faid. 

claus:3.E.3.dorfo. CJjC 14'^ June in the third yeare of his raigne, the kinge, (then but three dayes 

before returned out of France,) wrote fpetially to this lord to come to him to 
Windfor the morrowe after Mary Magdalens day, to have conference with himfelfe 

daus.4.E.3.dorfo. of the affaires of the kingdom ; At what time the tres were fent to divers others. 
And in like maner was this lord fent unto the 5'^ of June in the 4'!' of the kings 
raigne, to come to Ofney Abby on the day of y^ tranflation of S' Thomas for the 
like conference. And the like againe the fame yeare to bee at Nottingham on 
munday next after the feaft of S! Katharine the virgin for the like conference with 

claus.5. E. 3.dorfo. the kinge. And the like againe the fifth of Noveml in the fifth yeare of the kings 
raigne to come to the like conference to Weftminfter o6labis hillarij next after. 



1 36 1 Hifc of €I)omnjtf tfjc 2ri)irti 311 

3in the 6'.'' yeare the kinge comands his flierife of Gloucefter fliire to Arme claus:6.E.3.m.i6. 
and fend him one hundred Archers for his Irifh fervice, to bee chofen by the advice 
only of this lord Thomas. 

CtjC 21''' of March in the 7'.'' of his raigne, the kinge fends to this lord to meet claus. 7. E.s.dorfo. 
him on Trinity funday next after at Newcaftle upon Tyne, cum equis et armis m 27 ^ 

quanto decentius et potentius poterit, with horfe and Arms as decently and power- claus. 7. E. 3.pars. 
fully as hee could, to goe againft the Scotts : And to this warre, out of the County 
of Glouc : were fent . 500 . footmen, 1000 . quarters of Wheat, 500 . quarters of 
beanes and . 300 . bacon hoggs. 

3fintl to the accord made between the kinge of England and Mounfieur Wittm Rot. ScotLne : 7. E. 
de Keth, governour of Berwicke under the Scotts, to deliver up the Town if the 3- "" ■ i ■ 
kinge of Scotts did not ayd them by a day, this lord Thomas was a witnefs, and 
one of thofe lords that gave oath for the king of England to | performe the agree- 368 
ment, dated the I6'^ of July at the feidge of Berwike. 

3II1U) upon the I9'^ of that July is a great viftory obtained by battle againft the claus : 7. E. 3. ps. 
Scots, for which, the 22'*' of the fame month, publicke thanks is commanded to bee 
given to God throughout all England for fo great a vidtory. 

^n the 9'*' of the kings raigne this lord was with the kings Army in Scotland, clausrg. E.3.m.8. 

and there had of his own proper retinue, thirty eight men of Arms, whereof himfelf 

a Banneret and fi.x other knights, And for his wages received of the kinge — 190" libercomphofpitij 

And had more of his own, twelve Archers horfemen, for which hee received — i6l' et garderob : regis 

cum Eao. Dering. 
16? 00 — wages. bar? 

31nb in recompence of his fomers fervice, the 13''' of October then at Berwike Rot. claus 19. E. 
upon Twede, hee obtained this favor ; That whereas hee, as well for his owne debts ^' "^' 
as for the debts of his father as of other his Anceftors, owed divers fums of money 
to the kinge. And that whereas the kings father owed to the lord Maurice his father 
. 600'! for the time hee was governour of Berwike which Is unpaid. That now upon 
Accompt one debt fhould bee fet againft an other, as in juftice was fit, And accord- 
ingly each to bee difcharged againft the other. 

CijC 6'!' of May in the tenth yeare of the kings raigne, the king fends to this Rot. Scotiae. 10. 
lord to keep fafely all the ports and landing places in the three Countyes of Glouc. ^- 3' """ ^5- 

Wigorn. 



312 



€l)c HitocjS of tljc 2Bcrhclcp^ 



1326 



liber cum Edo Wigorn. and Hereford, lead the Scots or any other forreyners with whom they had 
Deenngp-^ ict (-Q^ifederated, (meaning the Welfh,) fliould annoy his people in thofe parts, who in 
great numbers with much fhippinge were now upon the feas : which forefaid booke 
fhewes the meffengers wages bringing thefe tres from the kinge to this lord. 



claus : 10 : E. 3. 
in. dorfo : 



369 

Scotia : 10. E. 3. 
m. 5. 

liber cum Edo 
Deering p''dict 



Rot. Scotias. 11. 

E. 3. m : 3. 

Rot. Vafcon. 1 1 . 

E. 3. m: 26. et. 28. 



Comp. garderob. 

II. E. 3. in cafl.ro 

de Berk : 

claus : II. E. 3. 

dorfo. ptes. 2.et. 3. 

Comp ; garderob. 

p''dict. 

claus : predidl 

pars. 2. dorfo. 

pat : II. E. 3. 

pars. 2. m : 3. 



iZTljC 24'^ of Augufl followinge, the kinge in his writ fent to this lord, declares 
that hee had held a fpetiall treaty with the kinge of ffrance, to have had paffage 
through his Country towards the holy land, and for a finall peace to bee had 
betweene himfelfe, the kinge of France, and the Realme of Scodand ; And how hee 
had received his anfwer from the kinge of France, That hee would help the Scots 
all hee could. And that accordingly hee armed men and fhips in great multitudes, 
And therefore requires this lord to meet other Noble men at Nottingham on mun- 
day next after S' Mathews day, to conferr w' was to bee done therein. | 

Watt with Scotland is determined upon The County of Gloucefter fends 
thither. 2500. Soldiers, befides the townes of Glouc : and Briftoll ; And this lord I 
find to bee at Strivelin in Scotland with the army the tenth of November follow- 
inge, where hee had of his own retinue nineteen men at Arms and others ; %v^ 
for his fervice from the I7'> of November in the Tenth yeare, till the tenth of 
December following, received for himfelf being a Banneret 4' a day, for each of his 
knights 2? a day. And for each other man at Arms . 12? a day. 

% gOOll part of the former part of the ii'!" yeare of this kings raigne was by 
this lord beflowed in mufteringe and Arming of foldiers in the Counties of Glouc : 
Somerfet, Worcefter, and Hereford, fome of each County to goe for Scodand, and 
fome for France ; And the better to fpeed the fervice, gave him herewithall a 
Comiffion and power to ufe martiall lawe if need required, as his fole Leivtenant in 
thofe Counties : which fervice performed, hee went himfelf in the end of that yeare 
with fome of thofe men againft the Scots, whom the French kinge had ftirred to 
take arms, the fooner to withdraw the Englifh out of France where the warrs grew 
very hott : In which Northerne Journey this lords charges came to — 269^ 4L S- o^- 
His younge fonne Maurice, (after lord,) then waiting upon him, of the age of feaven 
yeares; occationed perhaps by the death of the lady Margaret his mother, who 
dyed the fifth of May the fame yeare ; 5l!nb in this yeare the kinge fent three 
feverall times to this lord to attend him at Stamford, Weftminfter, and againe at 
WeftiS to confult of the great affaires of the kingdome with him, which times hee 
kept ; At the lafl; whereof the propofitions were agreed upon, which throughout 

England 



I36I 



Hifc of OTfjoniaflf tftr Cl)irb 



3'3 



England were to bee imparted to the people in each County, efpetially touching the 
kinge of ffrance nolens nee paci. nee pacis tradatui confentire, who would neither 
agree to peace, nor to have any treaty for peace, And thereby was the Englifh 
Crown like to bee put to importable expences : And fo follow the propofitions in 
this roll, wherein the kinge defireth to know his fubjeds minds : To import which 
to this County of Glouc. were appointed this lord Thomas, Wiftm Tracy and Wittm Comp : garderob. 

nil P'dlCl 

de Cheltenham two of his houfhold knights. 

3llnt) havinge received an other Comiffion from the kinge in 06lober, to | ^ ;„ (jorfo! 
repreffe the infolencies offered by Armed perfons to the Bifhop of Bath and Wells 370 
in his manor of Chedder in the County of Somerfet, which manor the kinge had 
licenfed him to difafforeft and to hold free in feveralty, and to make a parke there 
&c., who beinge many in number both of horfe and foot, had beaten wounded 
imprifoned, yea and robbed, diverfe of the Bifhops fervants. And for that neither 
the Sherife of y' County nor the Juftices, (though thereto by the king fpetially 
comanded,) had repreffed them, Therefore this lord was required to goe to the 
place, make proclamation of the kings peace, and to arrefl and punifh all thofe 
offenders ; which beinge done, hee hafted towards the borders and warrs of Scotland. 



3lln& returninge from Scotland about the midle of winter, was in the firfl: 
openinge of the fpringe and for fome part of the fomer followinge, (being the 1 2'^ of 
the kings raigne,) imployed in mufteringe and Arming of foldiers in the County of 
Gloucefler, Worcefler and Hereford ; In which Counties this lord was alfo in 
Comiffion for the peace, And had alfo in them (almofl) an unlimetted authority of 
Leivtenancy by other patents and comiffions ; The moft of which foldiers were 
fent into France where the Englifh had great warrs both by fea and land. 3Cntl as 
this lord in thefe Counties was much imployed about the wools which were now 
become the kings fole comodity for the better maintenance of his great warrs, Soe 
as fafl in other places were other Comiffioners imployed in borrowinge the chalices 
and other plate of Abbots and Churches, for the kings more fpeedy paffage beyond 
feas with his Army. 



Vafcon. 12. E. 3. 
m. 1 1. 

Rot. Aliraan. 12. 
E. 3. pars. 2. m : i. 
et. ter poftea. 



Rot. Aliman eod : 
anno: pars. i.m. 18. 



Sfinti in July in this yeare was this lord joyned with Richard Earle of Arundle, pat.i2.E. 3.dorfo. 
to array and furnifh with Armes for thefe forren warrs all the able men in the 
Counties of Glouc, Worcefler, Hereford, Salop, Stafford, Warrwike and Leicefter ; 
And with Hugh Courtney Earle of Devon for the arminge of all the able men in 
the Counties of Cornwall, Devon, Somerfet, and Dorfet, and fome others, for the 

2 s faid 



314 



€l)e Hitcjef of tljc 23crfedcp3Bf 



1326 



claus. 12. E. 3. ps. 

1. dorfo. et pars. 2. 

et. 3. in dorfo. 



faid warrs ; Cf)C Comiffions of record for this year fhewinge this lord to bee more 
generally imployed in thefe martiall and Civill fervices under the kinge, then any 
other fubje6l whatfoever. 

25c?ilJfjS in point of Counfell, I find this lord in this yeare alfo, as well before 
the kings departure for ffrance, (who tooke fliip at Orwell | the 16'!' of July,) as 
after his departure, (his fonne Edward the Duke of Cornwall' being left protedlor 
of the Realme in his abfence,) to have been fent for to Counfell and conference 
thrice this yeare to Northton and Weftm. ; whereby it muft neffeffarily bee con- 
cluded that this lord was a moft able and prudent lord, fitted for Mars and Mercury. 



claus : 13. E. 3. 
ps. I. m : 47. 



SUnJ) as a recompence for his late fervices, obtained from the faid Protestor a 
Warrant to the Treaforer and Barons of the Exchequer, declareing how that the 
kinge owed him upon three bills — 52'.' 6? 8^ for his horfes loft in the late Seidge of 
Dunbar, requireing them to fee him p"" that money, if they find not the fame 
already paid. 



Rot. Alieman. 13. 
E. 3. in dorfo. 



5[n ffebruary in the begining of the I3'^ yeare of the kings raigne, this lord 
was againe imployed in Arminge of foldiers, as well in Aid of the kinge beyond 
feas, as to refift the invafions of the Scots at home, and to defend the feas againfl 
the French, who with a great navy were ready to invade the land ; And as the 
words of the record, (here marginald,) exprefly are, All able men throughout the 
kingdom were now armed and imploy'd, And indeed the wholl land was more now 
improved to her utmoft, then I have obferved it on record at any other time : yet 
did this lords own County of Glouc. Arme out for thefe warrs this fpringe, but. 563 . 
men, through his favor towards it. 



Rot. parliamen. 3llnb as foone as this lord was returned from the parliament holden in is"."" 

13. E. 3. pars. I. Mictiis this yeare by the faid proteftor in the kings abfence, (whereat an exceffive 
Alieman. 13. ^ contribution was given for the kings warrs, but upon fuch wife terms as is fit to 
bee a prefident for after ages.) The kinge the 6'!' of November followinge writes 
to Wittm Truffell his Admirall to deliver to this lord one ftronge fhipp of his fleet 
well and fufficiently furniflied, of thofe that then were goinge out of the mouth of 
Thames, for himfelf and his company to w^'ftand the invafion of the enemy in the 
wefl part of England. 

CbDO 



1 The Letters Patent creating Prince Edward Duke of Cornwall bear date 17 March, nth Edw. III. [Ed.] 



I36I 



Hifc of OTlioninisf the Cl^ird 



3'5 



Z\S30 other troublefome Comilhons this lord Executed alfo this yeare in the pat. 1 3. E. 3. dorfo. 
Counties of Glouc. and Somerfet ; The laft whereof fheweth howe S' Alan of in dorfo. 
Cherleton knight and his complices, havinge firfl been himfelf robbed and his houfe 
broken, after joyned with the theeves and robbed many others, comittinge divers 
burglaryes in thofe and other Counties, which by this lord were to bee fuppreft. 



Claus ; 14. K. 3. 
yars. I. in dorfo. 



CljC 2 1 "J" of ffebruary in the ^4'^ of his raigne, the kinge out of ffrance landed 
at Orwell ; And havinge held his parliament in May hee the 22'.'' of June | follow- 
inge tooke fliipping againe at the fame place, whom this lord Thom? as a mod able 
fea Captaine attended ; And the fecond day after, being S! John baptifl; day, gave a 
great overthrowe to the ffrench Navy then quiet in the port of Swyne in fflanders, 
prepared to have impeached the paffage into France, for which vi(5lory the 28'!" of 
that month publicke thanks to God were commanded to bee given throughout the 
land ; 3Ilt which time the king of England, to flrengthen his navy, had a fewe 
weeks before taken up all fiiipps here at home of the burthen of thirty Tuns and 
upwards ; 511ntl by his comiffion dated the 16"' of March before, gave authority to Alieman. 14. E. 3. 
this lord to arreft all fhips above that burthen in the port of Briftoll, and in the 
Counties of Somerfet and Gloucefter, to bee at Sandwich by palmfunday after. 



29. 



d)f Army which the kinge this fommer in the 14"' of his raigne had in ffrance 
was great ; concerninge which it was by Indenture between the kinge and this lord 
agreed. That hee fhould goe with him into France and ferve as Marfhall of his 
Army with Thirty men at Armes of his own providing, befides others, as the 
Indenture in the Pell office at Weftin declares ; for which thirty men at Armes hee 
had the kings pay ; the refidue hee then had were of his own private company. 
In battle firfl, lafl in retreats, in breefe 
In a6lion, foldier : In direftion, cheefe. 



Indenture in le 
pell office bundle : 
1 T. cum Edo 
warde mitt. 



3a the agreement made at Bruffells betweene the kinge of England and the Rot. Alieman. 14. 
Duke of Brabant, for a manage betweene the kings eldefl fon and the Dukes elded 
daughter, bearing date this midfomer day, amongfl; other (nobles homes de part le 
roi dengleterre,) this lord Thomas was one of the twenty fix that undertooke 
performance for the kinge of England. From whence returninge into England, 
the kinge the 24''' of Augufl wrote to this lord, to bee at Michaelmas after at New- 
caflle upon Tyne with as many men as hee could Arme, to goe with others of his 
ranke againfl the Scots, to raife the Seidge which the Scots had planted about the 
Caflle of Strivelen. 

2 s 2 ffitit 



Scotia : 14. E. 3. 
in dorfo. 



;i6 



Cl|c Hibetf of tf)c 25crftricpjBf 



1326 



l)at. 1 4. E. 3. pars. 

I. in dorfo quater. 

claus : 14. E. 3. 

dorfo. 

373 

Rot. parliam. 15. 
E. 3- 

claus : 15. E. 3. 
ps. 2. in dorfo. 
eodm. m : 39. 



ffibc or more other Comiffions this lord executed in this yeare, before and after 
his journey into Scotland, in the Counties of Cornwall, Devon, Somerfet, Dorfet, 
Wigorn. Glouc. Wilts, and others, for the peace of thofe places, and furtherance of 
the kings affairs, befides | his attendance in parliament : from whence noe fooner 
almoft returned, (which began. 15".^ Pafche in the fifteenth yeare of the kings raigne, 
whereat hee was one of the Tryers of petitions,) but the 12'.'' of June following, 
hee was required by the kinge to come to him to the Tower, to confult there with 
other noble men of the urgent affaires of the kingdom ; The effeft of which con- 
fultation appeared in a proclamation of the firft of Ocftober followinge, fent into all 
the Counties of England, whereby the kinge declared that hee did retra6l the lawe 
made at the lafl parliament, becaufe it was exprefly contrary to the laws and 
cufloms of England, and to his kingly dignity not only prejuditiall but reproachfull 
alfoe : And therefore fith hee was bound by his oath to the obfervation and defence 
of the laws and cufloms of England and of his own rights and prerogatives, Hee 
nowe did of right recall what hee had at the faid parliament improvidently affented 
unto and done, wrefled from him by overmuch importunity, when indeed hee did 
but diffemble his affent ficut opportuit, as it behoved him upon neceffity of his 
forren affaires that then preffed him ; And therefore now revokes that Statute And 
declares it to bee of noe force. 



claus : 15. E. 3. 

ps. 3. in dors : m. 

vlt. 



5ft feemes this A61 of the kings bread noe good bloud in the bofomes of the 
refl of the peeres not prefent at this Tower conference, (for only. 22 . were called 
by the kinge,) for the Arch-bifhop of Canterbury forthwith after calls a provinciall 
Synode, and intends to proceede by eclefiafticle cenfures againft the kinge and all 
that counfell that advifed him to jthe recallinge of this Statute ; whereof the kinge 
beinge timely advertifed writes to him the firft of Oflober, declareing the wholl 
matter as before, and exprefly forbids him to proceede in any fuch courfe, either in 
corroboracon of that pretended Statute, or to the diminution of his regall preroga- 
tive, or to the detriment of any of his Counfellers or ferv'.' that were lately with him 
at the revocation thereof, upon his utmoft perill ; which if hee obey not, hee will 
hold him as his enemy and a violater of his regall rights : Addinge that if hee had 
not affented to that prejuditiall Statute by diffimulation, all his fubjedls had rifen 
and departed in difpleafure and difcord, and his warrs with ffrance and Scotland had 
perifhed. 



Eode : m p'did. Ci)C like at the fame time the kinge wrote to the Bifliop of London, 

noe more hereof. 



I find 



apon 



1 36 1 Hifc of CljomnjBf ttjc Ctjirb 3^7 

Opon this lords returne from the Tower conference, hee was imployed in ^*^',- '"' '^' " ^' 

divers Comiffions touchinge the peace and government of the people in the | claus. 15. K 3. 

Counties of Somerfet, Dorfet, Gloiicefler, and others, the reft of the fomer time, as ^I^. 

in former times hee was moftly accuftomed. et. pars. 2. m : 7. 

QCnlJ the 4'!* of December followinge, the kinge from Newcaftle upon Tyne, claus : 1 5. E. sjps. 
writes to this lord, declareing that hee was nowe come thither, And y' by the purifi- 
cation of our lady next hee muft returne from thence by reafon of his great affaires 
with France, And therefore intreats him in all the love hee may. That in fuch a 
neceffity of affairs and ftate as he now ftands in hee would be partaker of his labor 
and travell. And to come thither to him by the 24'^ of January next, to ride upon 
their march into Scotland, And to bringe with him fifteene men at Armes, and his 
Archers : And this at this time to doe, as hee loves him, and that hereof hee will 
have fuch a confideration as fhall defervedly content him. 

<£>Ut of thefe Northern parts, hee is the 25'^ of February followinge, fomoned claus: 16. E. 3. 
by the kings writ to bee the morrow after Efter day at the kings great Counfell at P^- '• '" dorfo. 
Weftminfter, there to advife with other noble men of the great affaires of the 
kingdome ; whither alfo in like fort were called Maurice Berkeley his brother and 
Thomas de Bradfton, of both which worthies, I have already written. 

%t this time this lord takes upon him to bee warden or governor of the Rot Scotiae. 16. 
Marches over againft Scotland, And agrees with the kinge that hee will bee there ' ^' '"' '°' ^ ' '^' 
the fecond of June followinge. And there make his abode with thirty men at Armes 
of his owne, whereof himfelf to bee one, one Banneret, fix knights and. 23 Efquires, 
and twenty Archers for the defence of thofe parts, and for the repulfe and deftruc- 
tion of the Scots his enemyes, for one quarter of a yeare from the date of this 
Indenture betweene the kinge and him, under the wages of 4' a day for himfelf, 2f 
a day for each knight, 12"! for each Efqf and 6^. a day for every Archer ; which for 
the quarter is here faid to come unto — 222'ii9' — 5Cntl this, togeather with one 
hundred pounds more of the kings free g^ift to him, to bee paid out of the 
Cuftomes of Wools in the Counties of Cumberland and Weftmoreland, the one Speed, fo : 570. 
half at S' John Baptift, the other at Lammas. And at this time it was. That this BuchaMrf -et'at • 
lord at Blackbourne in Scotland, then generall of kinge Edwards forces, gave that 
great overthrowe to the lord Wittm Douglas, whereof often mention is in the 
Scottiili and other Hiftoryes. 

€1^ 



3i8 €f)c lii\3c0 of tl)C 2Bcrkrirpi^ 1326 

375 '^l)C 26'!^ of September followinge the kinge writes to his Colle6lor | Wittm de 

ot. cotiae. I . Dyj-gfnig commandinofe, (as before hee had done,) that under the pavne of forfeit- 
Jbi. 3. m : 7. ■- ^ ' r J 

ing all hee had to loofe or forfeit, hee fhould forthwith pay to this lord Thomas de 
Berkeley — 222'.' — 19? for his wages, nowe being in the Marches of Scotland at 
Carleion for the fafe cuftody thereof, with a certaine number of men at Armes ; 
And one hundred pounds more which hee had given him ; for want whereof hee 
was ready to quit the place to the kings great prejudice and danger of the king- 
Rot, fin. 17. E. 3. dome ; I^oVObcit hee had not this money till the I8'^ of May in the yeare following, 
And then it was paid out of the cuflome of the woolls in the port of Souttiton. 

Claus. 16. E. 3. CljC tenth of May this yeare, the kinge by his privy feale commands the 

ps. I. m. 7-^^-^^7- Sherife of Somerfet and Dorfet fhires to pay to this lord Thomas as a Baron . 20' 
a day. And to Wittm de Cheltenham as his fervant . 5^ a day out of the profits of 
the extracts of the fines and amercements which in their feverall feffions in thofe 
Counties fhould arife, accordinge to an ordinance lately taken by him and his 
Counfell, whereby each Earle fhould have . 26? 8'' per diem, each Baron 20? each 
Banneret . i^^ 4^ each Knight 6' 8^ And each ferviens (minifter) . 5f per diem, 
wherein they fhall intend the execution of the kings Comiffion for hearinge and 
determininge exceffes and diforders amongfl his people. Cljij^ allowance fomewhat 
countervailed the travell and expences this lord was at in execution of many 
Comiffions this and other yeares in diverfe Countyes, as appeareth. 

Rot. franc. i8. E. ^iH the I8'^ of the kinge, this lord with Thomas de Bradflon and Simon Baffet, 

then Sherife and Efcheater, were authorized firft to Arme . 222 . men, and after. 
400 . more, out of the County of Glouc. and Briftoll, to bee conduced whither this 
lord or Thomas de Bradflon fhould dired;!. 

pat. 18. E. 3. pars. SCntl this lord and Thomas de Bradflon were at this time alfo authorized to put 

the ordinance in execution. That each fubje6l havinge . loo'i- p anfi. fit fagittarius et 
eques ; Havinge ten pound land fit hobellarius armatus, a light horfeman armed ; 
and fhewes how having 25'! fit homo ad arma ; Havinge 50"- land habeat fecum 
unum alium hominem ad arma: havinge loo'V land habeat fecum tres homines ad 
arma: havinge above. loo'l' land to bee affeffed at more men att armes, accordinge 

^ to the faid rates : But this was fomwhat eafed the fame yeare, becaufe (faith the 

record) the people were overmuch greeved therew'!* 

^* ' 2 in^dorfo '^tlti at this time were only this lord and Thomas Berkeley of Cubberly, W" | 

376 Tracy, and Wittm de Cheltenham aforefaid, in Comiffion of the peace for this 

County 



1 36 1 Uifc of iCl)onia.a tt]C Zi\ivtt 319 

County of Gloucefter : which Cheltenham with this lord fat and executed many clans : 19. E. 3. 
Comiffions alone, touching the peace in this and other yeares. 

9llnD as well this as the laft yeare was this lord Thomas at the two parliaments Rot. pari: 18. E. 3. 
at Weftminfter, And thereat fpetially imployed as a Comittee in the painted tjn^arce LondT 
Chamber without the parliament houfe, the rather here noted for the name of that 
chamber yet remaininge. 

■311 the I9'^ of the kinge this lord was in Scotland with all his houfliold Comp: rec: 20. E. 
knights, whofe good fervices under him hee rewarded at his returne, as his receiv- Berkeley, 
ours Accompts Ihewes. 

5Cnb beinge from thence returned to Berkeley, the kinge the 28* of Aug', Rot. franc: 19. E. 

• 3- ptirs : 2. m : 8. 

writes to this lord and to Thomas de Bradflon and to the Sherife of the County of 

Glouc : That thev caufe, under the conduft of this lord and Bradflon, all the able ^°^- ^""'^- '9' K- 
■' . 3. ps. I. m. 4. 6. 

men of this county of Glouc : to bee at Portfmouth three weeks after Michaelmas et. 8. et pars. 2. 

day, to goe with the kinge to fuccour his frends and to make an end of the warrs "^" ' ^'' 

with ffrance at once ; This as the marginalls fhew, was the greatefl preparation for 

men and provifion that formerly had been made for ffrance. 

<0f the twentieth yeare of this kings raigne, hiftoryes run to this effe6l ; The Daniellfo: 198: 
truce that had for three yeares been made with ffrance expires: July is come, the i{c,w. 242. etal: 
kinge imbarks himfelf for ffrance with forty thoufand Englifli men in the greatefl 
fleet that ever paffed the Seas for ffrance : landeth in Normandy : The famous city 
of Cane in Normandy is befeidged and taken by affalt, with more than one hundred 
other forts and places of defence : And to end the worke of that blouddy fomer, 
The great and ever-memorable battle of Crefcy is fought upon the 26'!' of Auguft Anno. 1346. 
in this Twentieth yeare. Anno . 1346 . where the viflory fell intirely to the Englifh : Speed fol : 579. 
And one of the fpetiall great men, (faith Daniell,) who were AcStors in this worke, ^' 
was this lord Berkeley. The french kinge flyes from the feild, leaving the two 
kings of Bohemia and Majorca, his companions in Arms, (fighting on his part,) 
flayne in the feild, with foe great a number more as the fword in two days and one 
night could devoure, for proclamations on either part had made it death to take a 
prifoner : The 4'^ of September following Calaice is befeidg'd by the kinge the 
fpace of eleven months eare hee taketh it ; under the walls whereof S' Maurice 
Berkelev of Stoke, this lords fecond brother, one of the beft; foldiers of his time, fol : [305] 
leaves his bones, as formerly hath beene written, j 

|5ohJe 



320 €|)c Hibcief of tijc 'ilbctMcp0 1326 

377 l^otoc heare what the records of this yeare do deliver; the kinge the I2'^ of 

Rot. Norm. 20. j^jy. i^j^^^gt;!^ ^^ Hoges in Normandy with prince Edward his eldefl fon, it being his 

rot. cart. 20. E. 3. firft Journey, and then of age of fifteene yeares, leaving Lyonell his fecond fon 

"^ ■ ^' cuftos of England, to whom this lord is affociated as one of his Counfell for the 

better government of State affaires ; And thereby hee became a Witnefs with 

others of the Counfell to the grants and deeds of the faid Cuftos made in the kings 

abfence. 

claus. 20. E. 3. f^^C 30'.'' of July the parliament is fomoned by the Cuftos of England, to bee 

pars 2. in dorfo. j^Qj^jg^j ^^ Weflm. on munday after the feaft of the nativity of our lady, whereat this 

pat. 21. E. 3. lord was prefent. And at this time is cuftos forefta^ regis citra Trentam, Juftices in 

^^* ''2 • in dorfo •^'''^ °^ ^^^ kings forrefts and Chaces on the fouth fide of Trent, with the fee 

of one hundred pounds p ann, havinge the fifteenth of the fame July received a 

generall Comiffion for execution of the flatutes of Winchefter and Nortliton for 

confervation of the peace in the County of Gloucefler. 

Rot.franc: 20.E.3. C|)C tenth of March before, this lord received the kings Comiffion with Thomas 

pars. t. m : 24. Berkeley of Coberley, Wittm Tracy, and Wittm de Cheltenham, to fee carefully to 
the prefervacon of the fea coafts in the County of Glouc, And appointed the Soldiers 
of the Counties of Worcefter and Hereford to bee aydinge to them whilft the kinge 
fhould bee beyond feas in ffrance againft Phillip de Valois his adverfary, who had 
affembled an huge power at fea, machinans fi poffit linguam delere Anglicana, devi- 
fing if hee can, to blot out the Englifh tongue, faith this record. 

eodem : m : 23. 31ntJ the thirtieth of the fame month, this lord is directed to fend one hundred 

of thofe two hundred Archers to Carmarthen in South wales, which hee and Thomas 
de Bradflon had chofen arrayed and tryed in the County of Glouc : to goe from 
thence into Gafcoigne in ffrance, under Henry Earle of Lancafter and Derby. 

franc. 20. E. 3. %t^ the 8* of December this lord is further direfled to fend to the kinge, then 

pars. 2 . m . 17. ^^ ^j^^ Seidge of Calais, twenty men at Arms and forty Archers, de familia fua> of 
his own houfhold, or, as hee thought good, to provide them of others elce where. 

Rot. franc. 2 I.E. 3. (CljC tenth of Aprill in the 2I'^ of the kings raigne, this lord, with Robert fit5 

pars. I : m : 17. p^y^g and John Wake, havinge formerly beene required with the Sherife of Dorfet- 

fiiire by the Cuftos of England to keep all the havens and coafts where fhipps may 

arrive in the County of Dorfet, and to refift all that arrive or come by fea or land 

of 



i';6i 



Hifc of CJjoninef tl)c <ri)irD 



321 



of what quality foever, And to that end to Arme all men in that County ahk- to 
bear weapon. | And to doe further whatfoever they think requifite for the fafe 
keepinge that Country by fea and land, And to depute what Captaynes and officers 
under them they pleafe, with abfolute power to punifli all refra6lory and rebellious 
perfons, &c. Now for that this lord Thomas de Berkeley hath noe land in that 
County but is continually abidinge in the County of Glouc : And for that the faid 
John Wake is fent for to come to the kinge at Calais, Therefore John Mautravers 
the younger and Nicholas de Poynt3 are fubftituted in their places. 



378 



CfjC h'!" of May in the faid 2I'^ yeare, the kinge then at the feidge of Calais, Rot franc: 2 i.E. 3 
and expeding battle from the French to raife that Seidge by an huge Army which ^^'^' ' ' "' ' '°- 
marched thitherwards, writes to this lord Thomas to this effe6l : Becaufe wee (faith 
the kinge) certainly underftand, That our enemies of ffrance having gathered to- 
geather all the power thereof will give us battle before Whitfontide next, whereby 
wee fhall have need of your ayd in this time of nefeffity, Therefore wee do defire 
you in the faith, love, and allegiance that you doe owe us. That confidering the 
neceffity of the premiffes, you fend unto us foe many men at Arms and Archers, as 
well of your own family as which otherwife you can raife and well Arme, according 
to the degree of your callinge, not flaying for the fliiping of their horfes ; And this 
•wee pray you to perform as you love us, and our honor, and our fafety and defence 
of our kingdome. 



(Upon which faire and gratious invitement this lord went over fea in perfon. 
And as by the antient roll of the Seidge of Calais appears, had there of his own 
retinue, a Banneret, fix knights, 32. Efquiers, 30 . Archers on horfback, and. 200. 
Archers on foot, under his command ; But the French retireinge this lord forthwith 
returned for England. 



Hollingfh: fo: 369. 
379: et divers: alij 
Rot. olifidioii 
Calefii. 21. E. 3. 
in thefaur : fccij. 



claus 
ps 2 : 



21: E. 3. 
in dorfo: 



tCfjC imployments of this lord Thomas in delivering of the goales in this pat: 21. E. 3. pars 
County of Glouc. and others, and in attendinge at the parliaments, and in leavyinge ^' '" °' 
of aid after forty fhillings for every knights fee to make the kings eldeft fon knight, 
and in repaire to the Cuftos of the Realme upon fpetiall fomons in point of Counfell, 
with other of the nobility, with the execution of their Comiffions, gave him in this 
fommer no manner of reft ; wherein none proved more troublefome then the 
appeafing and punifhing of a very great affembly of mofi; riotous and rebellious 
perfons of the Counties of Glouc. | and Somerfet and of BriftoU, who had, (as the 379 
record fpeaks,) taken upon them regall power, and Chofen a Captaine in the nature 

2 T of 



322 



€f)c %i\it^ of tljc 25n:ftclcpjt 



1326 



of a king to govern them ; And after proclamations by them made, had enterd 
upon divers fhips laden with come and other provifions, ready to goe by the kings 
command into Gafcoigne, And by violence had taken the fame away and had 
beaten and wounded divers of the Mariners. 

i^^e king returns from the taking of Calais in Odober in the 21* of his raigne, 
And the fecond of December following hee grants to this lord and his heirs to have 
two faires yearly at Newport within the parifh of Berkeley, The one in the vigill, 
de fol. [385] day and morrow of the Tranflation of S! Thomas, And the other in the vigill day 
and morrow of Si Maurice, which in that fmall throughfare hamblet pcell of the 
manor of Alkington do continue to this day : And this feemes to bee y' reward of 
his late Journey in the Seidge of Calais. 



pat. 21. E. 3. pars. 

3. in dorfo. 

cart. 22. E. 3. 



pat. 22. E. 3. ps. 3. 
m : I. et. 1 1. 



VValfineham et at. 



pat. 23. E. 3. ps. 3. 
in dorfo. 



HoUings: 379. 
Froifard. cap. 151. 



Froifard. fo. 74. 



380 



SUnll the tenth of January in the 2 2'^ yeare of this kinge, are the kings licences 
to this lord to alien his Caftle and manor of Berkeley, whereof much in many places 
of this hiftory upon feverall occafions is after written. 

<©f which 22* yeare and the next of the kings raigne is little to bee written, 
nothinge being done abrode, in effe6l, through the great mortality of the plague 
that raged all over the land ; which as the hifloriographers of that time deliver, 
confumed nine parts in ten of the men through England, fcarce leaving a tenth man 
alive ; more then the Comiffions to this lord and others to governe the people and 
to punifh offences in the Counties of Glouc : Oxon and Berks. 

Cljat important peece which force could not keep, trechery praftifeth to regaine; 
Calais to the greife of France continued Englifh ; The French do practize with the 
Captaine thereof for betraying the Town into theire hands ; The Conditions are 
agreed upon. And twenty thoufand Crowns are received ; king Edward hath notice 
of the plot: Hee not more carefully choofeth out feaven of his principall martial! 
worthys for valor and wifdom, then fecretly hee conveys himfelf with them to Calais, 
the evening before the Town fhould bee delivered : of whom this lord Thom^ is 
one : The ffrench approach to receive the Town, having paid their money, | The 
king fights as a Comon foldier under the banners of thefe worthies,^ The ffrench 
are flaine down right, The Town is preferved, The king with his feaven Martial! 
worthies returneth for England, And this lord is come back, ere hee was miffed at 
Berkeley. €lje 

1 The King placed his men in ambufcade in the rooms and towers of the Caftle, and faid to Sir 
Walter Manny, " Sir Walter, I will that you be chief of this enterprife, and I and my fon will fight under 
your banner." — (Froifs. I. p. 192.) [Ed.] 



I36I 



Sifc of €t)onia!e^ t!)c €t)trti 



323 



CljC ao'.*" of March in the 24'!" of his raigne, the king writes to this lord, That Ko'. franc. 24 K. 
whereas by the comon confent of his Barons, hee purpofeth fpeedily to goe beyond 
feas for the neceffary defence of the kingdom, for which Expedition many of the 
nobles do provide themfelves, quanto potentius poffmt, to their utmofl powers. And 
thereupon (faith the king) wee wrote to you to come to us and our Counfell to 
Wefliii with all fpeed, (or fome for you,) to treat with our Counfell for the manner 
of your going, But having hitherto heard nothing from you thereof, wee now 
ftriftly command you to come to us in perfon to WefliS the morrow after Efter 
day, to treat with our Counfell about your going, And to doe w' by our Counfell 
fhall then bee ordered ; And this omit not as you love our honor and the falvation 
and defence of the kingdome. 

•CljC 14'^ of June in the 26''' of his raigne, the king writes to this lord Thomas, franc. 26. E. 3. 
Guido de Brian and Thomas de Bradfton, to keep ftrongly the fea coafls in the 
Counties of Glouc : and Hereford againfl the king of France, who provides an huge 
Army to invade the land by incurfions, giving them an abfolute authority to raife 
any forces to that end. 



3( find by divers chronicles That this lord in the 29''' of the king went over Hollings: fol: 389 
with the prince of Wales into firance, who was that year made by the king his ^^ diverrls • at^ 
father governour of Gafcoigne and Aquitaine, with whom went alfo Maurice this 
lords fon and heire ; And that both of them in the year following were with the 
prince at the great battle of Poityers fought the 19"' of Sept' 1356. where the kinge ^1: [429] 
of ffrance with his fon Phillip were taken prifoners : whereat alfo this faid Maurice 
by his overmuch valour was taken prifoner as after followeth in his life : Neither 
did this lord return from the french warrs till the 31*? yeare of the kings raigne, Comp:dePortbury 
when the age of . 65 . and greife for his fons captivity whifpered to him to lay down 
thofe Arms which thrice in the raigne of the laft king and 22 . times in the firfl 
thirty years of this, in the voyages of fo many years hee had put on, againfl; the 
French by fea and land, & againfl the fcots and Welfh ; And to prepare for that 
quiet fleep of grave, from whence fo good a lord cannot, (ayded with gods mercy 
in chrifl,) but awake to immortality, w"^ y° title of his Almes and devotions may y*" 
better affure us. | 



31- E. 3. 

pat. 32. E. 3. pars. 

3. in dorfo bis. 



CouttjinS the delights of this lord Thomas ; hee much enlarged Whitcliffe 381 
parke, And inflead of the hedge which each three years was with excreffence of de'^Berkelev'^" 
2 T 2 thornes 



324 



€l)e 3lit)Ci6f of tl)c ^cthck)}^ 



1326 .; 



Comp: rec. 2. E. 3. 
in callro de Berk 



thornes there growing, new made, and the old fold, hee firfl paled it, And therein 
put certaine white deere which hee had of Wittm de Monte Acuto Earle of Salifbury; 
A ftrain of variety above any of his Anceftors. 



cartse in caflro 
de Berkeley. 
See fol. [149] 



f$CC alfo added Catgrove, hanging grove and other grounds to Newparke, 
which before and at this day for the mofl part confifteth of the lands that antiently 
were part of the manor of Appleridge, half now fwallowed in name and fubftance 
by its great neighbour the manor of Hame. 



Comp : manij de 
Alkington. 12. E. 3. 
in caflro de Berk : 



3|n the Accompt of Alkington in the I2'^ of this king, I find that at the Court 
of that manor, the Jury (called the homage) were amerced 3? 4^ which was leavyed 
upon them, for concealing, that is not prefenting, the death of a Stagg that was 
there Stolen, which word (cervus) is the firfl which I have met with in this family, 
And therefore conceive that this lord Thomas now firfl brought in thither that 
beafl of venery, and put them into that Chafe of Michael wood, parcell of that manor 
of Alkington. 



jpOi; the hounds which this lord kept for feverall Chaces, let their number bee 



Comp : de Hame 
22. et. 23. E. 3. et 
at : m Caflro de eftimated by one kind of meat they eat, being fourty fower quarters and one bufhell 

of oats from the manor of Hame in the 23? of king Edward the third ; And as 
many from Alkington and fower other feverall manors : And in the year before from 
the faid manor of Hame, 78 . quarters and three Bufhells, And neer the like pro- 
portion from other manors: And as it feemeth this lord was fo much delighted with 
this fort of recreation, That hee and his brothers have kept out 4 nights and days 
togeather, with their nets and dogs, in hunting of the fox ; And furely nature round 

Comp : manr de about his manors of Simondfall and Wotton had fitted the foile and Country as 
Uotton. I. E. 3. _ _ .... 

in callro de Berk: invitements thereunto, wherein to this day it is no more renowned and pra<5lifed, as 

I fhall more largely touch in my defcription of Berkeley hundred ; And with this 

delight of hunting this lord began and dyed. | 



382 

Comp : Will : de 

Syde I. E. 3 in 

caflro de Berk : 

Comp: nianer : de 

ham: 20. E. 3. in 

cafl : de Ber : 

Comp : rec. ibm. 

20. E. 3. 



311^ for this lords faulcons and other hawkes, his Reeves accompts of Hame 
Portbury and Wotton do tell us, That they have eaten five and fix of their hens in 
a night and day, whilfl this lord and his falconers flayed with them in thofe manors. 

3ln the middle of this lords life, hee payed fifteen fhillings for a tarfell gentle, 
and 35' for a falcon ; In which fports neither the ufe nor delight is reprehenfible, 
but the abufe. 

fot 



1361 jllifc of €t)oniajtf tf}c Zinvb 325 

Jfor this lords other delights in martiall Julls and Turneaments, let it fuffice, Comp : garderob : 
That in the firfl; year of Edward the third liee went to Blyth, Yorke, and Northton; caflro de Berkeley. 
And there at Jufts & Turneaments fpent at thofe places — 53'!: y'. 

Silll) in the fecond year to Hereford, And there at Jufts and Turneaments 
fpent — 29'i 6t 4'!- 

3finD the fame year at Coventry fpent — 5','; 14'; 03'! 

%\ib the fame year at Exeter — 50! 4^ ob. And that his Armour for his body 
that year coft him — i I'i 8i 11? 

send therein exercifed his meniall Efq" alfo, In dono dni armigeris fuis pro eode : 1. E. 3. 
haftiludio apud Briftoll, — 26= 8f — Given to his Efquiers for to play at Spearplay 
at Briftoll— 26L 8^ 

3CniJ fo in divers other years till age grew on : I avoid prolixity, And have 
written of thefe manner of Exercifes in the former lives of two or more of this 
lords Anceftors. 

J^i^ purcljajBicjS of Siinli 
]^il\)tn0 already given a taft of this lords hufbandry and of the orders hee 
eftablifhed for the regulating his revenue and expences, you fhall, (as from the 
fruitfull effecfl which order produced,) take a taft of the fruite by the lands hee 
purchafed. 

3ln the firft year of Edward the third, the year of the reftauration of his p^'^y? '^^^° ^' 
Barony, this lord purchafed divers lands in his man"^ of Alkington of Wittm Gold. 

^|)C fame year hee purchafed of Roger Burghull the manor | of Tullington, 3^3 

And two parts of the manor of Burghull in the County of Hereford. And the Berkeley. 

manor of Hatherly in the County of Gloucefter, And alfo all his goods and chatties, finis : i. E. 3. in 

banc : 

5Itt the fecond year this lord purchafed of S' Wittm de Wawton, one of his ^arta in caftro de 
own houfhold knights, all his lands Tenements and bondmen in Clapton, Hame Berkeley, 
and Berkeley. 

'4ri)C fame year hee purchafed of S' John de la^River knight, divers lands and 
Tenements in Chricklade in Wiltfhire ; And more after in 24'^ of the fame kings 
raigne. 31^ 



326 



€Jje EibCiei of tfjc 2£»crferiep^ 



1326 



Cart» in caflro de 
Berkeley. 



pat. 2. E. 3. ps. I. 

m. 4. 

Inquis : 35. E. 3. 



3ln the third year of the fame king hee purchafed of John Sant-Mareis, ats 
de Salfo Marifco, all his lands Tenements and Mills in Woodford in his own manor 
of Alkington. 

%^ for his manor and lands in Awre, as hee had the one moitie with his wife, 
pofl. mortTho: in marriage, fo were others there of better value formerly purchafed in the firfl of 

df* Berk* • 

Edward the fecond of Jone Ban of Midhurfl ; for which Town I ferved as a Burges 
in the I8'^ of kinge James for that parliament. 

CfjC fame year hee bought out the eflate of the lady I fable his mother in 
law, which fhee had for life in the manor & hundred of Portbury, and of all her 
other lands in that County fave in Kingflo Seim' 

3(n the 4'^ year, (the year of his parliamentary purgation,) hee purchafd of S' 
Thomas Ap-Adam the manor of Monweoden and Munden in the County of Suffolk, 
which I fable Haftings then held for life by the demife of the faid S' Thomas. 

iCfjC fame year hee purchafed of the fame S;' Thomas Ap-Adam the caflle of 
Beverfton, and the manors of Beverfton and Over in the County of Glouc: and the 
manor of Barew Gurnay and a meffuage and fower Carucates of land in Tickinham 
in the County of Somerfet ; All which John fon of the faid S^ Thomas Ap-Adam 
after releafed ; And then alfo buying out divers freeholders lands that lay inter- 
mingled with the demefne lands of Beverfton, hee forthwith ftocked the fame w'^ 
1500 . weathers hee bought of S' John de la River lord of Tormarton. 

Cl)f fame year hee purchafed of John Blake and Petronella his wife divers 
lands and tenements in Rochull, Whitton, Crete and Stoke. 



Cart in caflro de 
Berkeley. 



Cart in callr de 

Berk 

chartul. 393 

pat. 4. E. 3. ps. I 

dorfo. 

claus. s.E.3.dorfo, 

code in dorfo 

cart in caflro de 

Berkeley. 

Claus. 49 E. 3. in 

dorfo : m : 33. 



cart in caflro de 'CIjC fame year hee purchafed of John ffreeman and Margaret his wife the fifth 

Berkeley p^j.j. ^f jj^^ manor of Iron A6lon, in the County of Glouc ; whereof read among: the 
finis. 4. E. 3. m ^ •' ° 



banc, law futes of Henry lord Berkeley the firfl. | 



384 



Rot. cart: 4. E. 3. 
m ; 25. et 26. 



(CljC fame year hee purchafed (but without date) of S' Thomas de Gurnay divers 
lands and teriements in Betefly Gorft, Tuddenham, and elce where within the lord- 
fhip of Strigoill. 

3tnJ) the 8'^ of June the fame year hee purchafed of the king a Confirmation of 
the manor of Berkeley and Berkeley hemes, wherein are recited the Charters of 

Henry 



1 36 1 Uifc of €f)onia.fi{ rf)f 3ri)irb 327 

Henry the fecond, Richard the firll, and king John, formerly mentioned ; And cariae in caRro de 

• • 11 1 • , 1 • 1 • I r ■ 1 • f Berfklcley fub 

withall a grant to him and his heirs to have return oi writs and execution ot proces figjUo 

within his hunderd of Berkeley; To which lohn Mautravers then Steward of the Pafch:rec:4. E. 3. 

kings houmold was a witnes; which grant (faith the record) is made out of the kings 

willingnes to doe this lord a further pleafure. 

3!n the fame 4'f' and 5'^ years, by feverall deeds of feverall lords, hee purchafed car^ in caftr : de 
the manor of Compton Greenfeild near Brifloll. 

3in the 6'^ year hee purchafed divers houfes and lands in Brifloll of feverall Cart in caftr : de 
perfons by divers deeds. 

5!n the 7'!" year hee purchafed Betefly paffage over Seavern, with the fifhings 
and divers lands in Betefly, Gorft:, and Sodbury ; In w'!" Betedy his father Maurice 
had before in the 1 1'^ of Edward the fecond bought divers other lands. 

5In the lo'!" yeare of this kinge Edward the third, (which may bee placed in Comp. de Slim- 
the ranke of a faire purchafe,) hee inclofed out of the warth of Slimbridge, fifty gt" /z^ E \° et'in 
acres, now called new leyes, and twenty acres more of the fame warth adjoyning ^''js annis 
to the former on the North fide, firfl called Cliffords mead, becaufe then let to 
Clifford of Frampton, And at this day called Katharine Cookes leyes, becaufe it fee fol. [363] 
was let, (for fower lives in the time of Edward the 4*,) to Katharine Cooke, a 
woman of remarkablenefs in Frampton aforefaid, by whofe poffeffion her name 
feems perpetuated, though fhee bee dead almoft . 200 . yeares agone. 

■^^n the 13''' yeare hee purchafed of John de Becklawe, divers lands in great cart in caftr : de 
and little Wenden in Effex, & alfo all his goods & chatties there. Berkeley. 

^f)C fame year hee purchafed of S'. Ralph Wallington lord of Yate, the manor fin ; in thefau? 
of Elifton in the County of Wilts, in the names of Side & Goldmere his meniall ^^ gg^k 
fervants, and all his goods and chatties there. 

iCljC fame year hee purchafed divers other lands in Betefly, Gorft, and Tuden- Cart in caftr. de 
ham, of Thomas fon of Hugh Gurnay of Harpetree. 



Berk. 



Cl)C fame year hee purchafed divers lands & tenem" in Gofington and Hurft in Cart in Caftro de 
y' County of Glouc : of ]x\° fon of Roger Gofington. | " ^ ^^' 



328 €l)c tlibcjef of tfjc ^cvMcp0 1326 

385 ^n the I6^^ year hee purchafed of Ralph de Cobham, the manors of Orkefden 

Cart in caRr^de ^^^ Childingfton, and all his lands in Bourdfeild, Sheve, Aldington, and Shard- 
marfh, and all his goods and Chatties in them. 

Cart in caflro de ^j^ ^j^g j ^th y^^j. j^^^ purchafed the manor of Winterburne Madington, in 

Wiltfhire, And the manor of Eflanes in Effex, of John Moynge and of Julian his 
widdow and Executrix, And bought all her corn growing in thofe 2 man''.' 

^ftro"deBl'rkelV" '^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ purchafed of John de la Mare, the manor and advowfon of 

et. 2. cartas ibm. Langly Burell. 

finis in caflro de ,^jj(. fame year hee purchafed by fine of Elias de Aylbrighton and Jone his 

wife, the manor of Barewe in Somerfetfhire. 

5111 the 1 8'^ year or thereabouts hee purchafed the manor of Sages called Sages 
place, and Sages Livelode, within the prifh of Slimbridge, of John Sage, then of the 
value of 1 7'i p' anil ; whereof I fhall write more largely in the life of Maurice lord 
Berkeley the fifth of that name. 

finis. 18. E. 3. m. Ct)C fame year hee purchafed the manor of Iveden in the County of Buck : 

7. in recept fc=^cij. .^{^j^j^ j^gg {-qIj againe twelve years after to Doly and others. The fame being all 
in dorfo : the land hee at any time parted from, after hee had once purchafed, for ought I 
could ever find. 

cartas in caftro ^[^ the 20''' year or thereabouts of the faid kings raigne hee purchafed in the 

names of his faid Servants Goldmere, Syde and others, divers lands and tenements 
in Downhatherly Leckhampton and Bentham in the County of Glouc : 

Comp. manij de ^fjt the ai'.*" year by the manage of Katharine the widdow of S' Peter Veell, 

am. 21. .3. ^^.^ j^^j j^^j ^j^^ manors of Charfeild and Tortworth, flocked with Cattle, and 

ElC3.Ct. Q. R.. 2 I 

in turre poR mort Huntingford and Veelham in the County of Glouc : 3Ilntl the manor of Plympton in 
diet Katharine. ^.^^ County of Devon 5fin& divers lands in Clyvelade in the County of Worcefter, 
SilnD divers lands in Chelworth and Colcote in the County of Wilts ; 3IInD the 
manors or Ablington Alton and Penleigh in the fame County ; And the manor of 
Netherham, the 4"" part of the manor of Exton, And the manor of Hamburell, and 
the hamlet of Berermell in the County of Somerfet. 



Cart.22.E.3.m.ii. '€l)C fecond of December in the 2I'^ year hee purchafed of the king two fairs 

r term. i. H. 
n banco, rot. 
187. Glouc : 



Hillar term. i. H. ^.^ ^^^ holden at his Town of Newport near Berkeley, The one in the vigill the day 
4 m banco, rot. 

and 



I36I 



Hifc of Cljoniajef tijc CIjirD 



329 



and the morrow after the day of the Tranflation of S! Thomas, And the other in 
the vigill the day and the morrow after S! Maurice ; fele6ling out (as it may feeme) 
thofe two Saints days in an honorable memory of his own name and of his eldeft 
fon who fucceeded him in his barony, whereof former mention is made amongfl 
this lords forren imployments. | 



vide fol : [379] 



•^fn the 22'! yeare hee held under the kinge the office of Juftice in Eire of the 
kings forrefts Chaces and parks on this fide the river of Trent, with the fee of 100'' 
p ann. As for feme time before hee had done. 

Clje fame year, in the name of Cheltenham and Weftyke his fervants, hee 
purchafed the manor of Woodmancote with the members, in Nibly and Came, of 
Robert de Swinburne, which hee fo did to preferve the tenure which was antiently 
of him by knights fervice, as to this day it is. 

C|)C fame year, in the names of Befford Efham and Vey his fervants, hee 
purchafed the manor of Weftonbirt in the County of Gloucefler. 



386 

[)at. 20. E. 3. ps. 
2. dors : 

liberal. 21. E. 3. 
rot. fin : 21. E. 3. 
dorfo. 

Magn. chartul. 
fol. 3. in cafl.ro 
de Berkeley. 
Com : pleas. 25. 

E. 3. 

Term : Trin. rot 

2. in cartis. 

cart in cart.r. de 
Berk. 



(CljC tenth of January in the fame 21^. yeare, hee purchafed of the kinge a 
licence to alyen the Caflle of Berkeley and the manors of Berkeley, Hame, Apple- 
ridge, Alkington, Hinton, Wotton, Simondfall, Came, Cowley, Slimbridge, and 
Upton S' Leonards, and the hundred of Berkeley, and the viewes of franckepledge 
to the faid manors appertaining, and the Advowfons of the Churches of Wotton and 
Slimbridge; And accordingly by fine in Efter Terme in the 23'! yeare of that 
kinge, hee intayled the fame with divers remainders over. As after followeth in the 
end of his life. 



pat. 22. E. 3. pars. 
3. m. I. II. 
pat. 6. R. 2. pars. 
2. m : 13. 

fol. 



finis in banco. 23. 
E. 3. 



311ntl in like fort hee entayled by fine the manor of Portbury, in the 26"" of that finis in coi banco 
kinge ; In which faid 22? year the plague fo generally raged over the whole Land, 
that neither Hillary nor Efler terms were that year held at all. 

3In the 24'?" year, hee purchafed of Sr John de la River a meffuage and p"', '" '^^^^' ^^ 
Carucate of land in Cricklade in the County of Wilts. 



CljC fame yeare hee purchafed of Walter Naffe lord of Naffe, (but the deed Cartse in caftro 
hath no date,) all his lands and tenements in Came to himfelf for life. The remainder 
to Maurice his fon begotten on Katharine his wife and the heires males of his body, 

2 u The 



330 



€l)c HiljeiGf of rtjc 25crftric|i^ 



1^,26 



The remainder to the heires males of the bodies of the faid Thomas and Katherine 
with remainder to his right heires ; which is now the inheritance of John Trotman, 
called Naffe court. 

Cartincaftr.de ^^ the 25'!' year hee purchafed of Jeffry Goffelin the manors of Shulden, 

pat. 25.E. 3. ps.3! Chippenham, Lolledon, and Weftlond, and the hundreds of Chippenham, Bifhopef- 
™ '• ^- ton and Boulewe, in the County of Wilts, for his life and feaven yeares after. 



carta in caftr. de 
Berkeley. 



SrijC fame year hee purchafed of Thomas fon of Henry Warren divers lands 
and tenements in Lidney, Tockenhale, and Naffe, on the other fide Seaverne againft 
Berkeley. | 



387 

Cart in caft : de 

Berk : 

magn : chart, ifeni 

fo : 294. 295. 

fin : 25. E. 3. m. 2. 

pat: 25. E. 3. ps. 2. 

m. 14. 



Cl)C fame yeare hee purchafed of the prior of Lanthoney divers lands in 
Cowley and other places adjoyning, at this day called Cancourt, To hold to himfelfe 
for life, the remainder to Maurice his fon, and the heires males of his body, &c.. As 
hee before had fetled his manor of Cowley : for this purchafe hee gave the advowfon 
of Awre which the Prior the next year appropriated. 



cartce in caftro de 5n ^^^ ^^'-^ Y^^^ ^^^ purchafed of John de Manners, divers lands in Ticken- 

Berkeley. |^^j^ ^^ hiinfelf for life. Remainder to Edmond his fon and the heires males of his 
body, with remainder to the heirs males of him the faid Thomas and Katharine his 
wife, &c. 



Cart in caftro de 
Berk: 



3n the 27'?" year hee purchafed of S'. John de A6lon divers lands in Chedder 
in the County of Somerfet. 



Cartae in caft.ro '^Xl the 29'^ year hee purchafed to himfelf and Katharine his wife and the heires 

de Berkeley, j^^jgg ^f their bodies, of Piers Chilworth, the manor of Tokington, for the quiet 
enjoying whereof againfl S' Nicholas Poyntz of Cory Mallet, they had from Piers 
a rent charge of 40'.' p ann out of Brodway and Ellworth : And after purchafed out 
the right and interefl; of S' Nicho' Poyntz, with the Advowfon of the Chappie there, 
by deed without date. 



Carl: in Caftro 
de Berkeley: 



CI^C fame year hee purchafed of Grimbald Pauncefoot the manor of Sokke in 
Somerfetfliire, To hold to himfelf for life, the remainder to Edmond his fon and 
the heirs males of his body. The remainder to Maurice his brother and the heirs 
males of his body, The remainder to the heires males of the body of the faid 

Thomas 



1 36 1 %iic of Cljoimtf tfjc OTfiirli 331 

Thomas and Katharine, (between whom Edmond and Thomas were,) The remain- 
der to his own right heires. 

3fn the 23"^ yeare hee purchafed divers lands in Wixftowe at the woodend of Can in caft : de 
Hill, part whereof are laid into Newparke. ^^^^ '• 

^ftf 35'^ year, wherein this lord dyed, I have referved to mention in generall 
or in groffe many hundreds of purchafes, which (each year fome, in his whole life,) 
hee made, in buying within his feverall manors left him by his Anceftors, thofe 
perticular freeholds which their great error in that point had created, whereof I have 
made mention in the lives of Rob' the 2^ Thomas y= i" Maurice the 2? and Thomas fols : [134, 187] 
the 2? Againft which the wholl life of this great lord and hufband was a continuall 
complaint ; And which againe I touch in the life of the lord Maurice this lords fon. 
]@l)at other purchafes this great rich lord and landmongre made I fearched not to 
fee, having, to the glutting of my felf, found many more then could bee faid of any 
other Baron of his time, as formerly appears ; notwithftanding the multitude of 
evidences and | deeds which upon alyenations and otherwife have been drawn out 388 
of the evidence houfe of this antient family, which I have not been enabled to fee. 

I^i^ 0utc0 in HatDc 

25fttOCCn this lord Thomas and John Berkeley of Durfley were many and long 
contentions, which drewe their originalls from a grant of retorna brevium and other 
liberties, which this lord obtained from the Crown in the 4'!^ year of king Edward 
the third within his hundred of Berkeley; In which year the faid John Berkeley petitio in parliam: 
prudently yet unneighbourly, takeing the advantage of the time upon this lords '^' ^' 3" "° '°'' 
troubles, exhibites his petition in parliament, fhewing that hee holds the man? of 
Durfley and Newton in the County of Glouc : of the king by knights fervice in 
capite, And that this lord, being one of the guardians of the peace there, by his 
Seigniory and office hath often wrongfully diflrayned him by his plow Cattle, And 
no deliverance will bee made of them by the Sherife nor by his Bayliffe or other 
minifters, car il tent a fes fees et a fes robes et de fon menage, for that the Sherife de return breviu. 
Bayliffe and minifters are all of his fee and livery of his houfhold : And fo by his 
Seigniory and by Dures and by colour of a new purchafe which of late hee hath 
made, and by aid and maintenance of S' Roger de Mortimer late one of the kings 
Counfellors, to have return of writs and all other royall franchifes within this hun- 
dred of Berkeley which before was gildable, would incroach to him the attendance 
and Seigniory of him the faid John to his difinherifon and to the damage of the 

2 u 2 king 



33 2 



€l)c %iMc^ of tl)c 23crhckpjBf 



1326 



king whereof hee now prays remedy in this high court of parHament. 
hereto was That the rolls of the Chancery fhould bee viewed. 



The anfwer 



pat. 6 E. 3. pars 2. 
in dorfo. 



389 



brevia regis. 10. 

E. I. 3. 

bundle in turre. 

Lond. 



Trin: 20. E. 3. rot. 
72. in banco regis 



Comp.rec. 2o.E:3. 
in caflro de Berk : 



CljC next paffage I find between thefe two angry neighbours, is two years after, 
the 1 1'^ of September in the 6'^ year of the faid king, when upon the complaint of 
this lord a Comiffion is awarded to Enquire, That whereas Thomas Devifh Bayliffe 
of this lords hundred of Berkeley, had according to the ufe of old, replevyed the 
cattle of Robert le Webbe, which the faid John Berkeley of Durfley had impounded, 
And had attached fix oxen of the faid John Berkeleys, to caufe him to come and 
anfwer y' faid Webb in the faid taking in his hundred Court of Berkeley, and being 
about to impound them : whether the faid John Berkeley, Nicholas his fon and 
Richard brother of the faid John, and fix others, refcuffed ] thofe fix oxen, And took 
withall the goods of this lord Thomas to the value of fourty pound there found. 
And beat and wounded his faid Bayliffe whereby for a longe time hee loft: his 
fervice, or not, And accordingly to determine the fame. 

3iIbOUt three years after, this John Berkeley by his petition exhibited againft 
this lord Thomas, informs the faid kinge, That within his manor of Durfley hee and 
his Anceftors, time out of mind of man, had ufed by his Baylyes to have within his 
manor of Durfley all manner of Somons, diftreffes, and Attachments, And that 
neither y" Sherife of the County of Glouc : nor his baylyes, might enter into his 
faid manor of Durfley in execution of any thing to his office appertaining, but in 
default of hira and his baylyes ; whereupon the king, the 24*^ of Aprill in the ninth 
of his raigne, fends his comiffion to the Sherife of the faid County requireing to 
bee certifyed by him of the truth of this petition ; who returns anfwer That fince 
hee was Sherife hee had noe ways intermedled in that manor of Durfley, But that 
the Sherife that was next before him had dire(^led his warrants to the baylyes of this 
lord Thomas, of his hundred of Berkeley, as hee himfelf hath alfo Still done fince hee 
was Sherife ; But knows not by what warrant the faid lord claimes to have fomons, 
diftreffes, and attachments. 25ut thus refted not this buifines ; for in the 13* of the 
faid kinge, this lord Thomas brought his a6lion againft the faid John de Berkeley, 
for refcuffing one Robert Leighton who ftood indited of felony, and whom this lords 
bayly wou'd have brought unto his Caftle of Berkeley and there have imprifoned 
him, untill from thence hee might have been conveyed to Gloucefter goale, as 
hee and his Anceftors lords of the dominion of Berkeley, time out of mind, had 
accuftomed to do. ^CIjC defendant in perfon confeffeth the action, whereupon this 
lord recovered fourty pound damage, which being tryed before Wittm Tracy and his 

fellow 



I36I 



Hifc of <Cl)onWitf tl)f Cljird 



333 



claus : 
dorfo. 



14. E. 3. 



fellow Juftices in the 13'.'' of Edward the third, refled for feaven years, And now 
was execution taken out, and the fourty pounds leavyed, upon the occation of new 
futes arifinge between them, as the Receivours Accompts declares. 

^CtilUj^C the land is longe fince departed from this family, I omit the mention- 
inge of a tedious fute which this lord had againfl: John ffraunces in the fubburbs of 
Briftoll, which hee claimed as an Efcheat for the felony of John Tavernor who had 
abjured the land ; wherein for Juflice this lord petitioned the parliament. 

5fn the 16"'' of this kinge, John Neell of Briftoll and others take away one V^^' «6. E. 3. 
hundred pounds worth of this lords goods at Bedminfter under the | kings protecflion ogo 
as hee fuggefted, and beat and imprifoned his man Woodfend, then in defence 
thereof, whereby hee loft his fervice, contrary to the kings protection ; whereupon 
iffued a Comiffion to hear and determine the fame : wherein I conceive hee fped 
the better becaufe it was dire6led to John fitj Nicholl his next neighbour, and other 
of his approved friends. 

3[n the I8'^ year hee profecuted a writ of Scire facias againft Thomas Cooke 
in the County of Northton. 

3(n the 23? year of Edward the third, John fon of Odo de A6lon Efq' brought pat. 22. E. 3. ps. 

an Affize of novell diffeifin as[ainft this lord and others, for lands in Kingfton by ^ ■. °'c. „ 

° ' & / pat. 23. E. 3. ps. 

Slimbridge. 



1. dorfo. 
pat. 29. K. 3. 

2. dorib. 
See fol : 



ps. 



^10 %lim0 anti Dctiotionj^ tottt) pcn^toitj^ ant> rctDacb^ to t)i^ jsfecliant^ aitb ott^ct^ 

Chisf lord in the firft of king Edward the third, (the firft alfo of his reftitution, ^^S^- chartut. 

. , . fo. 29. in caftr. de 

as hath been faid,) gives to Wittm de Stinchcomb an hopefull Scholler, five pounds Berkeley. 

a year for his better maintenance untill hee fhall be promoted to a benefice of 

twenty pounds a yeare. 



cartas Indent in 
caft.ro de Berkeley. 



3[n the 4'!" year of that king, hee granteth to Walter de Combe and the heires 
of his body, a place of land called the Church hay containing twenty pearches at 
Wortly, to build a chappie upon, in honor of S' John Baptift, paying one peny rent; 
for which hee faithfully promifed, that all the Chaplens there celebrating fhould for 
ever have the faid lord Tho? and his heires in memory, in life and death, in all the 
maffes and orifons laid in that chappie. 

3In the fame year this lord for the health of his foule and of Margaret his wife, Car! in caftr. de 
and of his heires and anteceffors, and of all the faithfull departed, confirmeth to y' 

Abbot 



334 ^ff^ %i)3e0 of tijc 25n:Kdqi^ 1326 

Cart in caftr. de Abbot of S'. Auguftines all the guifts and grants of his Anceflors, reciting herein 
the deeds made by his father and grandfather to the faid Abbot : and in the 1 1'^ 
year granteth more to the faid Abbot, all fuch Eflrays and Cumelings^ as by the 
Baylyes of the faid lord fhould bee taken or found, upon the Abbots demefnes, 
within his hundred of Berk''. 

Cart cum WiH^o ^I)c fame year hee gave to S^ Richard Rivers knight and to Sara his wife and 

^"'^ ^See"fol '■^ ^'^ heires, Comon of paflure upon Slimbridge Warth for all their fheep levant 
391 and couchant upon their lands and tenements in|Kingflon, Goffmgton, Slimbridge, 
and Hurft, all times of the year, w'^out any thing to bee paid in name of Agiftment 
or any other ways : which beare the name of Rivers lands to this day, and accord- 
ingly enjoy this privilege of tack free. 

Carta in caftro ^^n the 9'^ year this lord releafeth to the pryors of Barewe and the Nunns 

e er e ey. ^^^^.^^ jj^g finding of a flieepfold of. i6o. fheep upon his land in Barewe, whereto 
they ftood bound ; In recompence whereof they grant to keep the Aniverfary day 
of the lord Maurice this lords father, the lafl of May, And the Aniverfary day of 
the lady Eve his mother the 5'!' of December, yearly, And likewife the Aniverfary 
dayes of himfelfe and of Margaret his wife after they are departed this life. And to 
diflribute 26^ 6^ on the feverall days of their Aniverfaries for pittance to the Covent 
of that place, And that the chaplen celebrating thefe Aniverfaries fhall have as 
large a pittance on thofe days as any of the Nunns. 

Comp : miniftror. '^tl the fame year, (as hee accuflomably did in others,) when the houfes of the 

'"b^IcI ^ fryers Carmelites, and other orders of fryars in BrifloU and Glouc. were taxed to 
pay any fifteenth or other duty to the king, this lord fent to them either all or mofl 
part of the money in eafe thereof. 

Cart in caftr. de "^tx the 1 1•^ year hee granted a rent charge of 16? by the yeare for ever iffuinge 

•^^''^" out of his manor of Over to the chantry preift fmging maffe in the chappie of Over. 

cartae in caftro (C!}C 24''' of June the fame 1 1* year, hee gave certaine lands in Portbury to the 

de Berkeley, ^j^^^ ^j- ^.j^^^ Church for ever, to celebrate the Aniverfary day of the lady Eve his 

mother on S! Nicholas day, by devoutly faying a placebo and a dirige with a maffe. 

And giving to the two chaplens there if they bee prefent at the folemnity thereof — 

2? a 

1 Comelinges — newcomers, ftrangers. 

For they have cumulyngys yn and oute. 

Of fvvyche ftiulde men have grete doute. — Harl. MS. 1701. fo. 15. See Halliwell. [Ed.] 



1361 



Hifc of orijoiuaflf tljc Cljicb 



335 



2"^ a peece, And. 2^ to the ringers, And 12? to the poore ; And for the Aniverfary 
of Margaret his wife deceafed the fifth of May laft. And his own Aniverfary, when 
hee (hall depart this life, in manner as is before expreffed for the lady Eve : And 
yearly giving fome portion of money to S' Johns Jerufalem, And to the Churches 
of Wells and Bath, being the mother Churches of thofe weflern places. 

Cf)C fame yeare hee gave to the Chaplen — 30' by the yeare out of his man! of cartre in caftro 

Bedminfter, and a meffuage in Brilloll, to fmg in the Abby Church of S! Auguflines, pat. n. E. 3! pars, 

for the foule of Margaret his wife deceafed, and of his own foule when hee dyes, ^- "'• 3- 
and of all faithfull people departed. 

•CijC fame yeare hee gave a meffuage and fifty acres of land, and fourty (liillings I*'*'- "■ ^'- 3- pars, 
rent, in Portbury, to a priert; to fing in our ladies Chappie there, for the fouls of all 
his Anceftors, of himfelf and his fucceffors and of all fiiithfull people. | 

31llllJ the fame year gave land to Wittm Godwin, vicar of the Church of Port- 392 
bury. To hold fundendo praeces pro animabus dominae Evae matris meae, Margarettae ^f"^'* '" '^^'^' '^^ 
quandam v.xoris meae, et mei, to pray for the foules of the lady Eve his mother, 
Margaret fometime his wife, and of himfelf. 



^11 the I2'^ and other years, hee did of courfe diftribute yearly, five quarters of Comp: n. et. 12. 
„.. .. ,.. ... J J" ^ E. 3 et at. in caftr. 

de Berkeley. 



beans amongft divers poore bondmen of his own in Almes. 



I 



• 3fn the 1 7'!" year of the faid king, hee founded a Chantry in the Chappie of S! 
Maurice in Newport by Berkeley, endowing it with divers Meffuages lands and 
rents in Berkeley, Wotton, Alkington and Hull ; The prefentation of the preifl 
whereunto, was limited to Wittm de Syde parfon of Awre a fpetiall officer of this 
lords, for life, and after to this lord Thomas and his heires : And by his charter of 
foundation appointed what kind of maffe and prayers fhould bee faid and funge 
upon ufuall dayes, ordinary holidays, and fpetiall feftivalls, in foe devout and holy a 
manner. That unleffe hee had been a fchollar to John Wickleefe, (who now lived,) 
hee could not have come nearer to the docftrine of thefe prefent days in the Church 
of England, forbidding this his preift to take any money of any, or to bee fervant 
or chaplen to any but God only in fpiritualities, And to himfelf in honeft and 
neceffary temporalities ; And that hee fhould live chaflly and honeflly, and not 
come to Marketts, Alehoufes, or Tavernes, neither fhould frequent plays or unlaw- 
full games ; ^.n ^ word hee made this his preift by thefe ordinances, to bee one of 
thofe honefl men whom wee miflake and call puritanes in thefe our days : which 
Wolflon bifhop of Worcefter by his Epifcopall authority confirmed. C|)C 



carta: in cafl.ro 
de Berkeley. 



336 €t)c %iMc^ of tJjc 25rrhriepsr 1326 

carta in cafty de '^TfjC like Chantry the fame year this lord ere6led in his manor of Side, endow- 

ing it with the like competency of maintenance for the preift, and with ordinances 
for his converfation in each refpe6l as before. 

cart in caftro de Cljt like chantry the fame yeare hee eredled in the chappie of Wortly in the 

■ parifh of Wotton, and endowed it with like poffeffions for maintenance of the preift, 
And with like ordinances for his honefty and converfation as before. 

carta in caflr. de ^Jjf Hke chantry was the fame year by him founded in the Chappie of Cam- 

bridge in the parifh of Slimbridge, And endowed it with like poffeffions for 
maintenance of the preift, and with the like ordinances : For all which Chantrys 
hee procured both y° kings licences, & y' Bifhops confirmacbns. | 

393 3ln th^ forefaid ii'l" year this lord gave to Atwell chaplen to our bleffed lady 

Cart in caflro de ^^le virgin in the church of Berkeley and to his fucceffors, two meffuages and divers 
lands in Hame, To the end they ftiould on the day of Petronilla the virgin, hold the 
Aniverfary of the lord Maurice his father in Berkeley Church, And on the fame 
day diftribute for his foule . 12? viz!, for knolling the bell . i? for oblation at the maffe 
. i^ And to ten Chaplens in the fame Church ten pence, if they bee prefent at the 
placebo and dirige and at the maffe ; And for foe many of them as bee then abfent, 
to give their pence apeece to the poore ; 3lllUJ after the fame manner ftiall do yearly 
for the foule of Margaret his late wife, on the fifth of May yearly. And fo alfo for 
his own foule the day that hee ftiall goe the way of all flefti. 9l!ntl further that the 
faid Chaplen and his fucceffors fhall for ever have in theire memento the foules of 
the faid lord Maurice, and of the lady Margaret, and his owne ; And upon every 
day after their maffe, ftiall fay one de profundis for the faid foules, and all foules 
departed : Of which if any fayler bee in performance, hee and his heires to diftraine 
the lands now given, and retaine the diftreffe till all thefe devotions bee performed. 

Carta in caftro 3'^ the 19* year this lord ere6led the like chantry in the Chappie of S' 

de Berkeley. Katharine of Katharine Pulle near Briftoll, And endowed it with divers meffuages 
m. 28. in dorfol and lands in Portbury, Efton, and Bedminfter ; for which hee procured the kings 
licence dated the 6'^ of ffebruary that yeare. 



carta in caftro 31" ^he fame year hee ere6led another Chantry in the Church of his man' of 

de Berkeley. Over, endowing it with a meffuage and two yard land there, to finge for the foules 
1. 26. in doko. of himfelfe and of Margaret his late wife, and all faithfull people departed, for 
which hee alfo procured the kings licence dated the I2'^ of March that yeare. 



Sn 



1 36 1 2tifc of iCljoma^ tfjc €l)ir& 337 

3,11 the Twentieth yeare of the faid king, this lord gave to the prior and fryars Cari in callro. de 
heremitcs of Briftoll, divers lands in the fuburbs of Brilloll. ^""^ • 

C!)C fame year hee purchafed of the Abbot of S! Auguflines a place within his Carta in caftro 
monaftery for a Chaplen of his own to dwell in, to pray daily for the foules of all Berkeley, 
faithfull people departed ; which hee inclofed with a wall, And endowed the Chaplen 
and his fucceffors with a competent maintenance in lands. 

9.'n the 21'!' year this lord ere6ted an heremitage in Bedminfter, And therein I carta in caftro -. de 

Kcrkcl * 
placed one John Sparkes an heremite, to pray for him and his during his life. ^q. 

3llnil the fame year hee gave to the Cuftos of S! Katharine's of Bedminftre carta in caftr de. 
a parcell of land near to his faid hofpitall, for which hee bound himfelf and his ^^ ' 
fucceffors to pour out their prayers for the fouls of his father and mother, and of 
Margaret his late wife. 

3(n the 22^ year this lord founded an other Chantry in the Abbathy of S! carta in caftro de 
Auguflines, and endowed the Chaplen with divers lands and houfes in Briftoll for pat. 22. E. 3. ps. i. 
his plentifull maintenance, there to fmg for the foule of Margaret his late wife, and '" ■ '"• 
of himfelf when hee dyeth, the placebo and dirige with the comendation ; And to 
fay for himfelf whilft hee lived, the colle6l dominus qui caritatis dona cm fecret, et 
pofl com pertifi : And after his death the colledl of dominus cui proprium efl 
mifereri, cm fecret et com pertineii : And the morrow after their Anniverfary days 
fhall fully finge the office of the dead with a maffe ; eflablifhing like orders as before 
hee had done in his Chantry of Newport, ordaining herein further, That the 
Chaplen fhould at his admiffion take oath to obferve thofe ordinances as farr-as the 
frailty of humane condicon will permit, which the Bifhop of Worcefler confirmed, 
under a curfe. 

<©n palmfunday in the 23? yeare of the faid kinge, this lord meekly offered to comp : de Ham. 
our bleffed lady in Berkeley Church a pound of virgin wax, pro candela caritatis, as de Berk et in^ 
a light of charity ; And a bufhell of fine wheat, pro pane benedicflo, to make holy ^nnis fubfequen. 
bread ; And this was annually continued to after generations by this and other lord 
Berkeleys fucceeding. 

'^n the 24'^ year or near thereto hee founded a like Chantry to the former, in Regiftr Wigorn 
the great Church of Worcefler, endowing it with maintenance as aforefaid, and with '^"™ ^1*° ' '^™' 
like ordinances. 

2 X 3in 



338 €l)c Uitc^ of tl^e 23cchricpsf 1326 

comp.de Ham. 48. ^n the 251" year this lord gave divers lands to the Chantry of Shepperdine, by 

Berk : Hill, in the confines of this hundred of Berkeley, for the better maintenance of the 

Regist. Wigorn. pj-eift fmging there, whereto hee and his poflerity afterwards prefented as founders. 

divers : compi in ^^ the 26'?" year, out of his landgable^ rents of Briftoll, hee gave yearly — 

caflro de Berkeley. i; ,, 0,1 -n r r 1 r 1 r 1 1 1 iv/r 1 • 1 -r • r^ 

38. E. 3. at at. 3- °- o- to a preiit, to iinge lor the ioule of the lady Margaret his late wife in S' 

Auguftines Church by Briftoll. 

comp. predid. SCttll the like rent yearly hee gave out of the fame to another preifl to finge for 

her foule in the monaftery of Keinfliam. 

395 '^fjiiSf lord ufed alfo certaine generall works of mercy and bounty ; As | to 

comp. Recept in contribute to the Abbots charges of S' Aguftines, Kingfwood, and divers others, 

caflr. de Berk, ^^^id to the fryars minors of Briftoll, Glouc. and other orders, when they went to the 

generall Chapiter of their whoU order, fometime holden at Lincolne, Salifbury and 

other remoter places. 

Sl^anp other of feverall kinds were the pious works of this noble lord, as fundry 
fhort entryes in the Accompts of his receivours and other his houfliold officers do 
point to his poflerity, here altogeather by mee unremembred, becaufe I difcerne 
them but in the twilight, longe after the fetting of his funn, and not at noone-tide 
in the cleernes of his day, as thefe before mentioned. 311nb pardon mee. Oh my 
god, in my overflowing affection to this lord Thomas, If I break out in prayer before 
thee, to remember the duft of this thy honorable fervant, refting in Berkeley Church, 
in the travells and pious ways wherein hee walked ; And forget not (lord) thy 
Trevifa in poli- doftrine taught him by thy learned fervant his Chaplen, John Trevifa, vicar of the 
cap: 32. fame Church, whofe bones reft there alfoe ; That though his Anceflors guifts to 
Abbyes in old time, and fome of his own, bee more wafted in gluttony pride and 
outrage of the owners, then in fuftenance and need of men and guefts, yet the 
givers fhall not lofe theire mede, for their will and intent is weyed in thy ballance, 
and their good deeds fhall follow them, with the reward of glory and immortality. 
3ilntl thou lord that knoweft whereof wee are made, and that wee are but duft. And 
that by the inftindl of that nature wherein thou haft created us, wee are more pronely 
led by our own Anceftors examples, grant that the lord George now wearing the 
honor of this Anceft' may bee led by his example to beare like fruite to this noble 
lord, whom now I leave at reft, expe6ling a Joyfull refurreftion, out of thine own 

affu ranee, 
1 A Quit-rent, or Ground-rent. [I'-d.] 



1 36 1 



%ik of Cftoniflirf ti)c 2ri)ir& 



affurance, That bleffed are the dead which dye in their Lord, for they reft from 
their labours, and their works follow them. 



339 



J^ijrf misffrilnniix or linrioufli pa^^agciflf not aprtp rrtmrcabk iinDcr 
tftc fornirr ritlcjet 

5fn the firft year of kinge Edward the third and alfo of this lords Barony, hee 
fent a difh of pears from Berkeley to Ludlowe, to his mother | in lawe the lady 
Mortimer, in novitate frucFlus, for the rarity of the fruite, faith his Receivours 
Accompts ; And I will vainly fay, out of my fruterers humour, That to know that 
fruite I would twice on foot travell to Ludlowe. 



396 

comp. I. E. 3. in 
caflro de Berkeley. 



CfjC third of July the fame year, the king, (as the writ imports,) willing to doe pat. i. E. 3. ps. 2. 
this lord a pleafure, difchargeth him from his fervice with his Army into Scotland, "^' "' 
which hee was by the tenure of his barony to have done. And renders the reafon, 
becaufe hee is intending other buifines of his whereof hee hath charge; which, (If 
I may bee allowed to explaine a kings fecret,) was to looke to his father king 
Edward the fecond, fecretly brought to his Caftle of Berkeley the 5'^ of April! 
before. 



IBtiUam de la Marchia late Bifliop of Bath and Wells was to bee canonized Rot. Romse. 3. E. 
for a Saint, as the kings tres defired, written to the Pope and all his Cardinalls ; To 3- ^- 5- 
this Saint this lord Berkeley was Executor, a buifines that fpent more of his time 
than two martiall expeditions into Scotland ufually did. 

3|n the fecond of Edward the third, this lord fent a porpois taken in his ffifhing comp. re. 2.E.3.in 
in Seavern to the Queen mother for a token, then at Worcefler ; Of which River '^^^'■° '^^ ^^'''^e'ey- 
and her fillies, read at large in my defcription of the hundred of Berkeley. 



3. m. 



I^abtngc paid the kinge. 500': for the wardfhip of Robert fon and heir of Robert Claus: 
de Clifford, hee was found by office to bee of full age at the death of his father. And '^' 
therefore could not enjoy the benefit of his grant ; whereupon the kinge, (faith the 
record,) unwilling to offer him injuriam or duriciam, wrong or hard meafure, comands 
his Treafuror by his writ of privy feale dated the 15* of May in the fecond year of 
his raigne, to make him repaymi but it came not to his purfe in fower yeares after. 

iCI^e 13'!* of May the fame year, the king pardons to this lord the purchafes pat. 2. E. 3. ps. i. 
which Maurice his father made without licence, of a Meffuage and two Carucates "^' '*' 
2x2 of 



340 €t)c Hibc^ef of tl^c 25crfedcp^ 1326 

of land in Upton by Glouc, of Germanus de Tunbridge ; And of a Meffuage and 
yard land in Afhton in Somerfetfhire, bought by him of John Coferer ; And of the 
moytie of the manor of Awre, and of the hundred of Blediflowe, and of the moytie 
of the Advowfon of the Church of Awre, of Adomerus de Valentia Earle of Pem- 
broke ; And the purchafe which this lord himfelf had made of the other moytie of 
397 the I faid manor hundred and Advowfon of Awre, of Roger de mortuo mari, w"* 
were all holden in Capite. 



pat. 4. E. 3. pars. ^(jc ig'.'^ of 06lober in the 4* of Edward the third, the king, (then at Notting- 

ham,) grants licence to this lord to let for lives or years any of his lands in his 
manors of Berkeley, Hame, Came, Cowley, Slimbridge, Hurfl, Alkington, Hinton, 
Awre, Wotton, Simondfall, Beverfton and Upton by Glouc : in the County of 
Gloucefter ; And in Portbury and Afhton Lions in the County of Somerfet ; All 
which (faith this record) are holden of the King in Capite ; And his Tenants foe 
takinge, to hold them without the impeachment of his Efcheator or other his 
officers. 

pat. 7. E. 3. pars. ^Cltb the firft of July in the 7'!" of his raigne, gives this lord leave to cut down 

certaine oakes to the value of forty pounds, within his manor of Bedminfter, being 
within the kings Chace of ffillwood near Briftoll ; And to difpofe of them at his 
pleafure. 



Rot. fin. 10. E. 3. /CflC 2 2^! of December in the Tenth of that kinge, the king for one thoufand 

™" '' marks grants to this lord, the mariage of the heire of John de la Ware, with the 

claus: 12. E. 3. profits of his lands, untill the full age of the heire. And foe from heire to heire 

pars. 2. m. 15. ^jj^^j]]^ g^^, . jj^ ^j^g margent of which roll is this memorandum That the 3o'^ of 

Augufl in the 12''' of the king, thefe tres patents were deliver'd up and cancelled, 

becaufe the faid John de la Ware at the time of this grant was livinge, and fo ftill 

is, and in health : A fecond error by this lord comitted in buying of Wardfhips : 

Rot parliam. 14. %n the I4'^ year of the faid kinge, this lord was one of thofe twenty y' were 

^' ^' by parliament affigned, out of the ability of their eftates, to undertake to pay to the 
king then in ffrance, the Ayd then granted to him, fooner then otherwife it might 
conveniently bee leavied in England. 

Rot. pari: 15. E. 3. 5llnb in the year following was at the parliament one of the Tryers of petitions, 

"° 7- 8. -yvhat time many were exhibited by the Clergy nobles and Comanalty concerning 

their Antient liberties. fll^np 



i36r 



%\k of <ri)onui£t t()c Zf)kti 



341 



a^onp were the imployments of this lord in civill affaires for the government 
and quiet of the Country, which moft years hee underwent in diverfe Counties, As 
in the Counties of Glouc., Somerfet, Dorfet, Wilts, Hereford, Southampton and 
others ; Some of the principall whereof are witneffed by thefe records, being all in 
fpetiall matters and not in the ordinary comiffions of the peace : Pat : 2. E. 3. pars. 
I. in dorfo bis : et eode. pars. 2 : dorfo : / pat : 3. E. 3. pars. i. in dorfo bis : pat 6. 
E. 3. pars. 2. in dorfo : / pat. 8. E. 3. pars. i. in dorfo. / pat. 15. E. 3. pars. 2. | in 
dorfo : / pat. 16. E. 3. pars. i. in dorfo : / fines. 19. E. 3. m. 5 : / pat. 22. E. 3. pars, 
3. in dorfo: / pat. 24. E. 3. pars. 2. in dorfo : / pat. 25. E. 3. pars. i. in dorfo. 



398 



CI)at this lord was fitted tarn marti quam mercurio, both a great foldier and a comp : de Slim- 
great hufband, let, (befides what hath been faid,) his improvments made in many of ^""8^. 3- et 10. 
his manors declare : for in the third of Edw? the third hee tooke in and held in de Berkeley, 
feveralty divers parcells of Slimbridge W^arth ; which hee fo well relifhed. That in carta in caftro de 
the tenth of Edward the third hee inclofed twenty acres more, which being then let ^' •'■ 

to one Clifford was called Cliffords mead, and now Katherine Cookes leyes ; And 
fhortly after inclofed fifty four acres more of the fame Warth then called new clofe, ( 

now new leyes ; At which time and for fome years after they yealded but 6"* the 
acre, now at this day worth twenty fhillings the acre ; whereof read under the title fol [384] 
of his purchafes more at large. 

3fn contriving of e.xchanges both for land and tenure, to draw thereby fcattered pat. in turre. 17. 
parcells togeather, this lord went beyond the bed of his Anceflors, as many inflru- at in caflr de^ ^ 
ments of lands within his manors of Alkington, Wotton, Came, Slimbridge, and Berkeley. 
others, declare ; foe well fitted with pithy words and fubftance as I know not whither 
to repaire for the like prefidents : A profitable and harmleffe hufbandry : In all 
which, Wittm de Syde his great officer parfon of Awre, was his fpetiall agent. 

J^ec often held in one year fower Leets or views of frankpledge in Berkeley Comp : burgi de 

Berk ' I ^ E X 
Burrough, wherefrom, impofeing . 4*! and . 6'! upon a brewing of Ale, and renting et al. 

out the Toll or profit of the wharfage and markett there to the Maior of the Town, 

hee drew yearly from that art much more then the rent of the burrowe : 3?n the 1 3^ 

of Edward the third, 284 . tollceflers, which I call brewings, yealded unto him by 

the Catchpolls Accompt — 8'! 6', which now yeild nothinge. 

^tl the 7'^ of Edward the third, an agreement was between the Abbot of S' carta. 7. E. 3. in 
Auguflines and this lord made for the entercomoning of their tenants of Portbury, '^^ ^' ^^ ^' 
Leigh, and Afhton, and for their mutuall inclofeings and holding other parts in 
feveralty free from Comon. 0[lt 



342 

pat 



€|)c %i\yc^ of rtjc 2&cchdcpiS 



1326 



18. E. 3. pars. 
I. m : 45- 

399 



Inq : 19. E. 3. in 
caftro de Berkeley. 



5in the I8'^ of Edward the third paffed a fmall exchange of land between this 
lord and the pryor of S' John Jerufalem, where for. 21? rent of | land in Brifloll, 
which the pryor conveyed to him, this lord conveyed to the pryor fower acres 
adjoyning to the manfion houfe of the faid pryor, which upon obfervation I certainly 
conceive to be the very ground where S" Michaell Stanhope dwelt and dyed, ex- 
tended to the gate of the priory, and now the inheritance of the lady Elizabeth his 
daughter, wife of George now lord Berkeley Anno. 1624. 

3|n the 19'!" of Edward the third, the kinge directed forth his Commiffions to 
this lord and others, to enquire by oath what each mans eflate in lands was in the 
County of Glouc : and Briftoll, from five pound to one thoufand pound ; which this 
lord was not more flowe in executinge then in returninge thofe Inquifitions; for 
fome of them remaine under the feals of the Jurors of Berkeley Caflle to this day ; 
wifely forefeeing how dangerous fuch prefidents might prove both to the prefent 
and fucceeding ages : Neither have I obferved the records remaining, to warrant 
thofe proceedings, whereupon I conceive they were after difallowed by king and 
flate, as being againfl the lawe and native liberty of the Subjeft. 



liberal. 21. E. 3. fCt)!^ lord, in the 2I'^ of Edward the third, was made Juftice in Eire of all the 

n. 22. .3. m: 29. j^jj^gg fforrefts Chaces and parks on this fide Trent, which is already touched. 

Comp. de Slim- 'Ct)i;S lord, in rewarding the merrits of his cheifefl officers whofe fervices hee 

bridge 24. E. 3. at ^q(\_ imployed, ufed an heroick liberality, wherein the inftance of Wittm de Chelten- 
diverfeatnncallro ^ ■' ^ , 

de Berkeley, ham may ferve, on whom hee conferred lo'i 16= 4''. fee for his life, And the prefent 

rent of his lands in Arlingham, which was much more ; And the Wardfhip of the 

carta in caflro heire of John Berkeley of Wike by Arlingham, with the profit of that manor alfoe 

duringe his minority : And the manor of Pyriton and little Marfhfeild, which I 

cannot ellimate at leffe then . 250" p ann : The like liberality hee reached to Wittm 

de Syde his Receivour, parfon of Awre, whom I hold for the honefler man : for no 

fooner was hee dead but feaventeen petitions were preferred to this lord againft 

him, which yet remaine in parchment in Berkeley Caftle ; And as I have obferved 

of this lords bounty ufed to thefe two, fo might I divers others, as Vey, Goldmere, 

and others. 



de Berkeley. 



Comp: rec: 16. et. (J^f this lords other liberalityes, the Accompt of his Receivour in the 20'^ of 

de Berkeley. Edward the third, (the middle year almofl of his Barony,) fhall fuffice | to informe, 

400 (many others yet remaining declaringe the like;) 311^ how to John fit3 Nicholl, a 

gentleman 



I36I 



mifc of Cf)onin^ tljc >rijirb 



343 



gentleman his Neighbour, towards the mariaj^^c of Margaret his daughter hee gave 
ten pound : To Afton and Chvedon two of his fervants tiiat contended in a title of 
land, the better to compofe their controverfy, hee gave twenty pound ; To the pryor- 
effe of Betlond hee gave fourty fliillings, Towards the amending the high ways by 
Knubbyefaflies near Berkeley — 13!^ 4**. To the Abbot of S! Auguftines — 5''- To S' 
John Tracy and others of his houfhold knights, for their good fervice whilft they 
were with him in the Scottifh warrs, ten pounds apeece ; In which year alfo hee 
clothed one and thirty poore people from head to foot &c, with many the like here 
omitted appearing in that accompt, and in many others of other years. 

3[n the later days of this lord Thomas flourifhed John Trevifa, a gen' of an SurveyofCornwall 
antient family bearing gules, a garbe, or, born at Crocadon in Cornwall, a fecular Vy ji'^',"'^. f .^ 
preift and vicar of Berkeley ; who tranflated the bible, Polichronicon of Raph Polichron : fo. 2. 
Higeden ats Raynulphe monke of Chefler, Bartholomewe of the proprieties of And."cenf '^r °' 
things, and divers other treatifes all into Englifh, dedicating the two firft to this n° '8. 
lord, and the reft to this lords fon and grandchild, as in their lives appear : ^In a 
diologue (wherein hee makes this lord and himfelf the fpeakers) in his polichronicon, 
hee argueth the profit arifinge by hiftories, and the neceffity of tranflations into the 
Englifh tongue : In urging whereof hee bringeth in this lord Thomas inftancing his 
own Chappie in Berkeley Caftle, wherein the Apocalips (faith hee) is written on the 
walls and roofe in latin and french : which in this year. 1622. fo yet remaineth, 
fomewhat, but not much, defaced.^ CtjCiSHC books of Polichronicon grow fomewhat 
rare, which if againe they fhould bee printed, (as not unlike,) would either loofe their 
original epiftle, or have Trevifa his old phrafe and Ideome of y' time, altered ; 
which to prevent, fhall here follow in Trevifaes own words. 



C|)e Epiftle of mee Sr John Trevifa Chapelain unto lord Thomas of 
Berkeley upon the tranflation of Polichronicon into our Englifh 
tongue. 
IDCttltf) and worfhip To my worthy and worfhipfull lord, S' Thomas lord of 
Berkeley ; I John Trevifa your preeft and bedeman, obedient and boxom to worke 
your will, holde in herte, thenke in | thought, and meen in mynde, your needfull 401 
meninge and fpeech That yee fpake and faid, that you would have Englifh tranfla- 
tion of Ranulphus of Cheflers books of Cronikes, Therefore I will fond to take 

that 
1 Some portion of thefe infcriptions yet remain in the Chapel of Berkeley Cadle, and have been 
reproduced in facfimile by Mr. J. H. Cooke, F.S.A., in Vol. I., p. 138, Tranfafiions of the Brijlol and 
Gloucejkrjhire Archaological Society. [Ed.] 



344 



€fjc %i'6c0 of tfyt ^ctbelc^^ 



1326 



liber : vlt : fo. 389. 

but fol : 316. in 

another tranllation 



that travell, and make Englifh tranflation of the fame bookes, as God granteth mee 
grace ; for blame of backbiters will I not blin, for envy of enemyes, for evill fpitinge 
and fpeech of evill fpeakers, will I not leave to doe this deed ; for travell will I not 
fpare comfort I have in medefull makeing and plefmge to God, and in knowing that 
I wote that it is your will; for to make this tranflation clere and plaine to be known 
and underftandyn, I fome place I fliall fet word for word, and a6liffe for aftiffe, and 
paffife for paffife, arowe righ as it ftandeth w'^'out changinge the order of words, 
And fet aftife for paffife, and ayenward ; And in fome places I muft fet a refon for 
a word, and tell what it meaneth : But for all fuch changing, the meaning fhall 
ftand and not be changed ; but fome words and names of Cuntries, of londs, of 
Cities, of waters, of rivers, of mountaynes and hills, of perfons and of places, mufl 
be fet and ftand for himfelf in her own kinde ; as Afia, Europia, Africa, and Siria, 
mount Athlus, Sina and Oreb, Marach and Jurdan, and Arnon, Bethlem, Narrareth, 
Jerufalem, and Damafcus, Hanibal, Rafm, Afuerus, and Cirus, and many fuch words 
and names : If any man make of thefe bookes of Conyckes a better Englifh tranfla- 
tion and more profitable, God do him mede ; And becaufe you make me doe this 
medefull need, hee that quitteth all good deeds quite your mede in the bliffe of 
hevyn, in welthe and likinge with all the holy Saints of mankind, and the nyne 
orders of Angellis, as Angells, Arkangells, principatus, poteftates, virtutes, domina- 
tiones, trones, cherubim and feraphim, to fee God in his bliffefull face in joy 
without any end, Amen. 



5ilnll in the end of his faid tranflation, hee concludeth thus : God bee thanked 

for all his deeds, This tranflation is ended on thurfday the I8'^ of Aprill . 1357 . the 

31* year of king Edward the third, the year of my lords age S' Thomas lord 

mifprinted. 35. Berkeley that made mee make this tranflation, the — 65'!'. 
for: 65. ^ 

Balaeusdefcriptor. 25ut Bale delivers the learned labors of this Trevifa more largely thus ; 

Angl : centur. 7. Johannes Trevifa genere et patria &c. John Trevifa, a gentleman of Cornwall, 
was a preift and vicar of Berkeley, a man famous for learning and eloquence, who 
402 efpetially above others laboured to adorne the Englifh | tongue, and to remove the 
old harflines thereof, whereby hee became very deere unto many of the nobles of 
the land, but efpetially to his excellent lord Thomas of Berkeley : And amongft 
other fludies which much delight the minds of men, hiflories and antiquities beft 
pleafed him, as from whence the befl Councells and examples of life might bee 
drawn : wherein whilft hee fludioufly labored, hee fometimes fhewed himfelf harfh 
and bitinge towards monks and their profeffion, taxing their pride, riot and 

hypocrify ; 



i36i 



Hifc of CfjonifljBf ti)c >rf)ir& 



345 



hypocrify ; As where hee faith, wee read that Chrifl inflitutcd Apollles and preifls, 
but never ordained monkes or begging fryars, with many other the like taunts. 

3'ntO the Enghfli tongue hee likewife, at the requefl; of his faid lord Berkeley, Balaius predict, 
(faith Bale,) tranflated the wholl bible, as well as the old as new Teftament, and 
many other works, which Bale there rehearfeth in particuler ; And continued his 
polichronicon, (faith Bale,) unto the year of Chrifl, 1397. being the 21'!' of king 
Richard the fecond ; till when and fomewhat after, himfelf florifhed. More of this 
learned and vertuous Chaplen Trevifa after followeth in the lives of Maurice the 
fourth, and of Thomas the fourth, fon and ijrandchild to this lord. 



CfjC firfl; wife of this lord was Margaret, to whom hee was maryed in the 13'.'' 
of king Edward the fecond, in the life of the lord Thomas his grandfather, as 
formerly hath been faid ; by whom hee had iffue, Maurice, Roger, Thomas, 
Alphonfus, and lone, of each of whom as followeth ; And dyed the fifth of May . 
1337 . in the 1 1'.'' of that king, fhee then under thirty years of age ; And, (as Abbot 
Newland hath,) was worfhipfully buried in the Church of S! Augufj tines monaflery, 
in the great tombe under the Arch between the elder Chappie of our lady and the 
north I fie there; whofe Aniverfary day was yearly folemnized in Portbury Church 
in honor of her memory by the endowment of her hufband, and in many other 
places, as formerly is written. Cfjijtf lady Margaret was daughter of Roger 
Mortimer lord of Wigmore, (created Earle of March,) and of the lady Jone his 
wife daughter and heire of Sr Peter Genevill, fon of Edmo^ Mortimer and the lady 
Margaret ffendles his wife, fon of Roger, fon of Ralph lord Mortimer of Wigmore 
and the lady Gladis his wife, fifler and heire of David prince of North-Wales, 
children of Lhewelyn ap Jorwerth the fuperior prince of all wales, right heir of 
memorable Cadwalader the laft king of the Britains . viz' the fon of Jorwerth, the 
fon of Owen Gwyneth, the fon of Gruffyth, the fon of Conan, the fon of lago, the fon 
of Edwall, the fon of Meiric, the fon of Edwall voell, the fon of Anarawd, the fon of 
Roderi Mawr, the fon of Efylht, the daughter and fole heir of Conan Tyndathwy, 
the fon of Roderike Molwynoc, the fon of Edwall Ywrch, the fon of the faid 
Cadwalader the laft king of the Britains ; whom the Saxons fury about the year of 
Chrifls incarnation . 658 . drave into a corner of the kingdome called wales, where 
the former princes ruled and raigned ; which faid pedigree is approved by many 
writers without contradidlion of any. 

2 Y The 



fol : [353] 

cart in caflr de 
Berk : 

Newl : pedg. in 
caflrode Berkeley. 



403 



Powell, fo : 315. 
316. 



Powell : 3 1 5 
Galf. monm : et 
divers at. 



346 



€l)c libcief of tijc ^ttMtp^ 



1326 



vetvs rotul. in 

cafl : de Berkeley. 

comp.de Ham. 2 1. 

E. 3. in caftro de 

Bar: 

foundac:lib.fchol3e 

de Wotton cm 

Epo Worcefler : 

clau.s : 17. E. 3. 

pars. I. m. 8. 

Efcaet. in turre 

9. R. 2. in ijfde 

Com. 



404 



comp. ballivi. 38. 

E. 3. in cadre de 

Berk. 



Efchaet. 9. R. 2. 

pat. 37. E. 3. pars: 

I. m. 17. 

Augufl. pcd : in 

caflr. de Berkeley. 

fines. 9. R. 2. m. 

orig. in fccio. 
9. R. 2. rot. 3. et. 5. 



The dowry which this lady Margaret brought to her hufband in land and 
money is already mentioned. 

3CftCt the death of which Margaret, this lord lived a widower ten years one 
month and twenty fix days, And then on teufday the third of y" Calends of June 
in the year . 1347 . in the 21'.'' year of kinge Edward the third, being S! Peters day, 
tooke to wife at Charfeild fower miles from Berkeley, where fhee then dwelt, 
Katharine the widow of S'i Peter le Veell knight, and daughter of S". John Clyvedon 
knight and of the lady Emme his wife, who there had lived a widow fower years 
before. i§»t)CC was fruitfull to her hufband both in lands and children, ^n lands 
fhee brought with her the manors of Charfeild, Tortworth, Huntingford, and Veel- 
ham ats Hamveell, and fome others in the County of Gloucefler ; And divers lands 
in Clyvelode in the County of Worcefter, And the manor of Plympton in the | 
County of Devon, And the manors of Ablington, Alton, and Penleigh, and divers 
lands and tenements in Chelworth and Colcole in the Com of Wilts, And the 
manors of Netherhame, Hamburell, the hamlet of Berermell, and the fourth part of 
the manor of Exton in the County of Somerfet, and fome others. 

<©f which fhee held in fee the manors and lands in the Counties of Somerfet 
and Worcefter, and the lands in Chelworth and Colcole in Wiltefs, by the feverall 
conveyances of S' Peter Veel her hufband, which came to John Moygne fon of 
Jone daughter of the faid S' Peter Veel and Katharine : The refidue fhee held for 
her life from her faid hufband and his father : And the Accompt of Richard Lidney 
bayly of Portbury hundred in the 38'.*" of Edward the third, will enforce beleife 
That fhee alfo held the manor of Chedder in Somerfetfhire, for which fhee under- 
went a tryall at the Affizes there that year. 

3Jn children fhee was as fruitfull, for in leffe then five years after this her fecond 
mariage, fhee brought to this lord four fons, Thomas, Maurice, Edmond and John, 
as after followeth. 

Cl)t^ lady Katharine furvived alfo this lord her fecond hulTiand twenty fower 
years and upwards. And in the fecond year after his death, out of devotion, went 
beyond feas a Journey in pilgrimage upon the kings licence for a years abfence, but 
whither, the record fpeaketh not ; And dyed the thirteenth of March Anno . 1385 . 
in the ninth year of kinge Richard the fecond, and lyeth buried in the parifh Church 
of Berkeley, with her hufband, in a faire monument grated round with iron barrs, 
under the fecond Arch before the rode on the fouth fide of that Church. 



I36I 



Hifc of vTtjonuie tt\c <rt)irl) 



347 



^Ijrc held alfo for hor life by the conveyances of this lord her fecond hufl^and, 
the Manors of Beverfton, Tockington, Over, Compton-Greenfeild, and kings-wefton, 
in the County of Gloucefler, which with others came after her death to her fon and 
heir S' John Berkeley, as after followeth : And alfo the manors of Wotton Burrow, 
Wotton fforren, Symondfall, and Came, in the faid County, And the third parts of 
the hundred of Berkeley and of Bedminfter in Somerfetfliire, w'*" later came after 
her death to Thomas lord Berkeley her hufbands grandchild. | 



^fjfC was alfo a lady rich in many good works, And amongfl others fhee 
founded the free fchoole and Chantry in Wotton under edge. And alfo S! Andrews 
Chantry in Berkeley Church, in the two lafl yeares of her life ; And whilfl fhee 
lived gave to the Abby of Kingfwood an yearly pention of fix markes, And when 
fhee dyed many rich guifts. And endowed them with fair poffeffions of her own 
purchafe which were confirmed by her faid hufbands grandchild, as the deeds doe 
fhew ; And by her will left her fon S' John Berkeley, Henry Waryner, and WitJm 
Smallcombe, her Executors : Of her I fliall fpeake more in writing of the iffue 
proceeding from this lord and her, w''^ now follow in order. 



405 

pat : 7. R. 2. pars. 



Regiflr : monast 
(ie kingefwood in 
caflro de Berkeley- 
carta; in caflro 
de Berkeley. 
Efchaet. in turre 
9. R. 2. poll mort 
diet Katharine. 



i^i^ i00m bp W fit0t toifc 

1. <©f Maurice who hath the prerogative of primogeniture, I after write as 
lord, the fourth of that name. 

2. lHogcr, (in many old deeds and colledlions by miflake called alfo Robert, yet 
but one,) fecond fon of the faid lord Thomas & Margaret, dyed without iffue. 



cartse in caflro 
de Berkeley. 



3. 'CljomajEf the third fon, for his portion, had in the 11'.'' of Edwl the third, 
conveyed to him and to his heirs males of his body, by this lord his father, divers 
lands in Faveild ; And in the 18'.'' of Edward third hee conveyed more to him and 
to the heires males of his body the moytie of the manor of Elifton in Wiltfliire; 
And in the 23^ of Edward the third conveyed more to him and to the heirs males fine:])afch:23.E.3. 
of his body the manors of Syde and Weflonbert, with the advowfon of the Church 
of Syde, The remainder to the heirs males of the body of the faid lord on the body 
of the faid Katharine to bee begotten ; which grant Maurice | his elder brother 
confirmed ; And by another deed his faid father conveyed to him his manors, lands, 
Tenements, rents, revertions, and fervices, in Over, Kings weflon, and Weflon S' 
Lawrence, to hold to him and the heirs males of his body, rendring fourty pound 
rent p ann: to his father during his life, And after that only a rofe ; Howbeit hee 

2 Y 2 dying 



cartae in caftro 
de Berkeley. 



40& 

carta in caflro 
de Berkeley, 
finis ill banco. 



348 



€l)c %iMc^ of tfft 23crftckpiS 



1326 



dying without iffue in that. 23"! of Edward the third, then aged near nineteene 
yeares, All the faid manors and lands reverted to his father the donor. 



fine pafch: 23. E. 3. 
finis de banco. 



4. $III))I)on^U^ the fourth fon, lived to bee eflated after his brother Thomas 
death in the moytie of the manor of Elifton, by the fine of his father, in the 23''. of 
Edward the third, and of the manor of Kingefwefton and fome others, but fhortly 
after dyed without iffue* 



finis de banco. 17. 

E. 3. 2 

cartae. 16. et. 17. 

E. 3. in caflr. de 

Berk. 

fundac : cantarice 

de Cambridge 

cum Epo wigorn. 

claus: 36. E. 3. m: 
43. in corn Wilts. 



5. '^onc only daughter of the faid lord Thomas and Margaret, was in the 
feaventeenth of Edward the third, (fhee then about the age of fowerteene,) maryed 
to S^ Reginald Cobham, who gave (amongft other things) in mariage with her . 
20oo'!- in money, and the manor of Langly-Burell with the advowfon of that Church, 
which this lord her father the fame year had purchafed of Sf John de la Mare 
knight : Her Jbynture was two hundred pounds p anfi : And if her hufband dyed 
before hee had purchafed other land to her for her life with that two thoufand 
pounds, Then fliee to have the fame ; Reginald dyed in the 36'? of Edward the 
third. And this Jone furvived, and held the faid Langley-burell after his death, And 
in the 43'^ year was affigned dower in Kent of her faid hufbands lands. More of 
her I have not looked after. I 



407 

vetus rotul : in 
caftro de Berkeley. 



€l)ii6t iotti0 ififjSuc 6p l^i^ ^econtx tDifc 
I. 'CtjoniQiEf, the firft begotten fon of this lord and Katharine, was borne at 



Berkeley Caftle the 7'^ of June Anno. 1348. in the 22'^ yeare of Edward the third, 

which was a year and three weeks after their mariage ; whofe godfathers were 

Wolftan Bifhop of Worcefter, Maurice his fathers eldefl fon, (after lord,) and the 

faid S' Thomas de Bradflon ; And Margaret wife of S' Maurice Berkeley of Vley 

de Berkeley if^t hjg godmother : But though hee dyed the next year after, yet had conveyed to 

finis. 23. E. 3. him ere hee dyed the manor of Kingf-weflon and fome other lands, 
in banco. 



cartae in caftro 



vetus rotul : p''dict 



cartae in caftro 
de Berkeley. 



2. fll^auriCC, the fecond begotten fon, was born at Berkeley Caftle likewife on 
the 27'^ of May. 1349. Anno. 23. E. 3., which was eleaven days within the year 
after the birth of their former fon ; And was baptized y° fame day by Raph then 
Abbot of S! Auguftines by Briftoll : And the forefaid Maurice Berkeley, (after lord,) 
and Mawd wife of Simon Baffet of Vley knight, were his god-parents. And though 
this Maurice alfo dyed very young, yet in the 29'^ of Edward the third hee had a 
remainder in the manor of Sokke in the County of Somerfet and other lands lymited 
to him. 

3. «iEbmonti, 



I36I 



Eifc of CfjomajBf tijc Zlykti 



349 



3. (JBDmOlltl, their third begotten fon, was born likewifc at Berkeley, on the 
lo'!" day of July Anno. 1350. in the 24'^ year of Edward the third, which was a 
year and fix weeks after the birth of his brother Maurice, and was baptized the 
fecond day after by the faid Abbot of S! Auguftines, who alfo was one of his god- 
fathers, and Wittin de Syde afore mentioned parfon of Awre, (his fathers Receivor,) 
the other. And the lady Agnes wife of the faid S' Thomas Bradftone his godmother. 
3IInt> although this Edmond alfo dyed very younge, yet had conveyed to him in the 
26'^ of Edward the third, the manor of Barewe gurney and divers lands in Chedder 
and Tykenham in the County of Somerfet, and in ffaveld in the County of Glou- 
cefter ; And in the 29'!' of Edward the third, the manor of Sokke in the County of 
Somerfet, and divers meffuages and lands in Chedder, which upon his death without 
iffue in the life of his | father, came to his next brother John, by force of his 
remainder in tayle limited in thofe conveyances. 



vetus rot. p'dict 

Ecfaet. 35. E. 3. 
ps. I. m. 12. 

claus : 35. E. 3. 

m. 5. 

carta in caflro 

de Berk. 

finis in banco. 

carta. 29. E. 3. in 

caflro de Berkeley. 



408 



4- 3i0l)n the fourth and youngefl fon of this lord Thomas and Katharine, was vetus rotul. in 
born at Wotton under edge the 21* of January Anno. 1351 .in the end of the caRro de Berkeley 
twenty-fifth yeare of king Edward the third, whither not longe before, his parents Berkeley of 
had purpofely removed from Berkeley, which was eighteen months after the birth Beverfton. 
of his brother Edmond ; And was the fecond day after his birth baptized by Henry 
fifurneus parfon of Slimbridge; whofe godfathers were the pryor of Bath and S' John 
Tracy one of his fathers meniall knights. And the lady Jone wife of S! Thomas 
Botiler his godmother. 

#f this John and his pofterity I will fomewhat inlarge my felf, becaufe hee 
was ftockfather to that honorable and eminent family of the Berkeleys called of 
Beverfton caflle in the County of Gloc' and of Bittefhorne in the County of 
Soutftton, who, as after appeares for many difcents, longe florifhed in great 
eminency with opulent poffeffions, little inferiour to this noble family of the 
Berkeleys of Berkeley Caflle. 



Ctji^ John, of all the children iffuing from this fecond manage, had the bleffmg 
to furvive his father ; At whofe death hee was of the age of nine years and nine 
monthes ; And alfo his mothers death happening twenty four years after, what time 
hee was of the age of thirty and fower years. 

Cljifif John, by the great indulgence of this lord Thomas his father and by the 
powerfull working of his mother, had by feverall conveyances fetled upon him in 

the. 



pat : 26. E. 3. ps. 
2. m. 13. 23. 
claus : 35. E. 3. 
m: 2. et. 5. 
Efchaet :^ 6^ H. 6. 
poll mort ijiius 
Jofiis. 



350 



€i)c %iMc0 of ttft 23frfedcp^ 



1326 



carta in caflr. 

de Berk. 

fines in banco 

eifd ann 

fin : 9. R. 2. m. i. 

4. et 5. 

ptita in banco. 37. 

E. 3. in dote 

409 

Hillar : fin. 2. H. 

4. in fccio. 

Efchaet : 35. E. 3. 

pofl mort Tho : 

de Berk. 

claus : 49. E. 3. 

m. 33 in dorfo. 



carta in Caftro 
de Berkeley. 



the . 26'^ of king Edward the third, when hee was not two years old, and in a fhort 
time after, the Caftle and manor of Beverflon, and the manors of Tockington, Over, 
Compton Greenvile, Kingewefton, Woodmancote, and Syde, with many lands 
Advowfons and other hereditaments in the villages and parifhes of Wotton, Nibley, 
Came, ffaveild, Wefton birt, Leckhampton, Down hatherly, Bentham, Alveflon, and 
others in the County of | Glouc : 3llnt> the manors and Advowfons of Cernecote, 
Chelworth, Caldecote, and Bere Revell in the County of Wilts ; Slnb the manors 
of Barewe Gurney, Exton, Netherham, and Sock, with divers lands and meffuages 
in Tykenham and Chedder in the County of Somerfet ; Sllnti fome others in the 
Counties of Devon, Wigorn, and Dorfet, which I here omit : SCitb the faid lady, 
not fattisfied as it feemeth with this great morfell thus cut out from the heire of 
this noble family to her fon, but fhee procured all thofe affurances made to her 
children to bee confirmed by the feverall Deeds of Maurice her hufbands eldeft fon 
and heire, affoone as hee came to one and twenty years of age. 



^ffl0 S"^ John who was knighted about the tenth of Richard the fecond, firfl: 

maryed Elizabeth daughter and heire of S^ John Bettefhorne knight and of the 

finis : 23. H. 6. lady Goda his wife, by whom hee had the manors of Bettefhorne, and many others 

at. m caflr de ^^ great value in the Counties of Southton, Wilts, Somerfet, and Dorfet : 3intl, 

Berkel : which was the greatefl dowry, fhee brought him fourteen fons and two daughters. 

claus : 24. H. 6. %x^ fecondly this S' John maryed Ellinor daughter of S' Robert de Afhton by 

Efcaet : 23 H 6. whom hee had no iffue. 3lntl thirdly maryed Margaret the widow of S' Thomas 

poftmortMagaret. Breoufe of Tetbury, who furvived him feaventeen yeares, by whom alfo hee had no 

iffue. 



Efchaet: 6. H. 6. ^tllll dyed in the fixth year of king Henry the 6'^, then of the age of . 76 . 

"jo^feis ^Berkeley' Y^^""^- Having in the ii'? and 17* and twentieth years of king Richard the fecond, 
and in the 4'.'' of king Henry the fourth, bene chofen a knight for the parliament in 

Rot. fin. et claus. the Counties of Gloucefter, Somerfet, and Hampfh' ; And nine times high Sherife 
of the Counties of Gloucefler, Somerfet, Dorfet, Hampfliire, and Wiltefs, in the 
14'.'' 16'.'' I8'^ and 21'.'' of Richard the fecond. And in the 4'.'' 8* and . 12'.'' of Henry 
the fourth. And in the fecond and third yeares of Henry the fifth. 



Rot. pdon. 21. 
R. 2. m: 13. 



3fn the 21'!" of Richard the fecond hee obtained a generall pardon from that 
kinge, for adheringe to the Duke of Gloucefter and Earle of Arundle. 



pat. I. H. 4. ps. I. 3II11IJ in the firft and 1 1'!" of Henry the fourth founded two Chantrys, the one 

'"■ ^^' in Meere Church in the County of Wilts, And the other in Bettefhorne in the parifh 

of 



I36I 



Uifc of €f)oinajBf tijc Cljirb 



351 



of Ringwood in Hampfhirc, for the fouls health of himfclfe and his firll; wife, and 

of her father and mother : Leaving the faid manors of Beverflon, Tockington, 

Over, Compton Greenfeild, Kings wefton, wodmancote Side and others in the 

County of Gloucefter, And divers other manors in | the Counties of Southton, 

Wilts, Wigorn, Devon, Somerfet, and Dorfet, (which I paffe over,) to difcend upon fin: 6. H.6. m: 18 

Maurice his fon and heire, greater then the eftate of James lord Berkeley the firfl m. i. 3. 5. 

of that name, that then lived at Berkeley. 



fin. I. H. 4. ps. 2. 
in. 16. 

pat. 1 1. H. 4. [)S. 
I. m : 3. 

410 



lai^flUriCC Berkeley, knight eldefl fon of the faid S' John, knighted in the life 
time of his father, and of the age of thirty years at his fathers death, was comonly 
ftiled of Beverfton, but fometimes of Bettefhorne in Hampfliire, fometimes of 
Chadwich in Wiltfhire, fometimes of Netherhame in Sonierfetfliire, and fometimes 
of Chefflode in Worcefterfhire. 



Rot. ])don. 15. 
H. 6. m: 28. 



3In the I4'^ and I5'^ of king Henry the fixth hee was high Sherife of Rot. fin. 14. II. 6. 

Gloucefterfhire. ">= "• ^'- 'S- H.6. 

m. 29. 

claus : 37. H. 6. 

'd)C 16'.'' of December in the ;i7'^ of Henry the fixth, the king having in a *"■ '^" 

gratious patent recited the good fervices of this S' Maurice done unto him, doth 

out of his defire to favour and eafe his old age, from thenceforth exempt him from 

all manner of fervices, which the State or Comon wealth might require of him. 

5Cnb fo in peace this S' Maurice layeth down his laborious life to reft, the Newl : ped. et. 2. 

year next enfuing, then entred into his fatall clymaftericall year of fixty three, t|; i" p^*^"^" *^^ 

leaving iffue by Lora his wife, daughter of Henry lord fit3 Hugh, who furvived Efchaet:6. H. 6.^ 

him, Maurice, Edward, and others ; To whom hee left as ample and opulent 'jJi^'"7^ ^°^ ""°" 

poffeffions as hee received from his parents, or which accrued to him by mariage, as 611:38. H. 6.111.3. 

the liveryes fued by his heire the yeare of his death in the Counties of Glouc :, ^^"^'^ ■ • • ™- 
Southton, Somerfet, Dorfet, Wigorn., and others do declare. 



Ci)C faid !3l^aunte fon of S' Maurice, was comonly ftiled of Bettefhorne in Efchact: 38. H.6. 



Hampftiire, of the age of Twenty fix years at his fathers death. 

3ln the firft year of Edward the fourth hee was high-flierife of Hampftiire, 
And in the third year of that king of Gloucefterftiire, And fo in the 11'.'' year of 
that kinge, when alfo his brother Edward was high Sherife for Hampfliire, And 
Thomas Berkeley of Wymondham for Rutlandfliire. 

gfti 



pofl niort : Maur. 
Berkel. mil: et. 14. 
E. 4. port. mort. 
Maur: Berk: mtt. 
fin. II. E. 4. m. 5. 



352 



€l)c Hiijcif of tftc -^^crhdcpitf 



I-5 26 



411 3(n the 8* year of Edward the fourth hee was chofen one of the | knights of 

n. . .4. m. 10. j.j^g parliament for the County of Gloucefter, as alfo was his brother Edward for 
Hampfhire. 



Rot. pdon. 9. E. 4 

m. 22 

pat : 9. E. 4. ps. 2 

dorfo 

pat. 10. E. 4. ps 

7. dorfo 



pat. II. E. 4. pars. 
2. m : lo. 



^n the ninth of Edward the fourth hee was knighted and became the kings 
fervant, and one of the knights for the body of the kinge. 

Cf)e fifteenth of ffebruary in the ii'."" of Edward the fourth, the king in con- 
fideration of his manifold good fervices done unto him, grants to this S' Maurice 
for his life, the office of Conftable of the Caftle of Souttiton, with the yearly ffee of 
ten pounds. At which time hee was alfo Leivtenant of Newforefl : And now alfo 
takes a generall pardon from the king, with twelve ats di<5lus, unwilling belike to 
bee miflaken in that pardon. 



5[n the 1 2'^ of Edward the fourth hee was of the privy ftandinge Counfell of 
that king, and as able a gentleman as thofe Counties had any, as the records of his 
many imployments under that king do affure his poflerity : In which favour and 
difpatches of State buifmes hee continued till untimely death, the fifth day of May 
in the fourteenth of Edward the fourth, bereaved that king of a prudent Counfellor 
and Servant, then of the age of fourty and two years, leaving William his fon and 
heire then of the age of twenty and three years, and Katharine his daughter, 
fin: 14. E. 4. m. 15. ^^ggQ^te^ of Anne his wife daughter of Reginald Weft lord de la Ware, his only 
children : And hee and his wife lye buryed at Chrift Church in Hampfhire ; To 
which William difcended all the former poffeffions of this S' Maurice and his 
Anceftors in the Counties of Gloucefter, Somerfet, Dorfet, Wiltefs, Southton, 
Devon and others. 



pat. 12. E. 4. pars. 

I. in dorfo. 

pat. 22. E. 4. pars. 

2. m: 14. 

Efchaet: 14. E. 4. 

pofl mort. Mauric. 

Berkeley. 



(CfjC faid WiHm fon of the faid S! Maurice was an Efquire of the body of king 
Edward the fourth before the death of his father, And did partake of many gratious 
favours, offices, and imployments of truft, under that king, as thefe records do 
witneffe, (viz') claus. 14. E. 4. m. 20./pat. 14. et. 15. E. 4. in dorfo./claus. 15. E. 4 : 
m: i6./fines. 15 : 16. et. 17. E. 4./fin. 20. E. 4. m. 3. /pat. 20. E. 4/.Efchaet. 14. E. 
4. poft mort Mauricij de Berkeley mit./pat 17. E. 4. pars. i. m. i5./fin. 18. E. 4. m. 
6./pat 18. E. 4. pars. i. m. 5./15. et. 23./pat. 19. E. 4. m. 20. | 

412 3lnD in the fixteenth and twentieth of Edward the fourth this Wittm was high 

fin. 15. 16. 17. et. Sherife of Hampftiire : And in the feaventeenth of Edward the fourth was high 

Sherife of Somerfet and Dorfet fhires. 3lllU> 



20. £. 4. 



I36I 



Hifc of ^(jomajBt tljc Cljirb 



353 



%nti laflly, by the name of Wittni Berkeley one of the Efquires for y' body j.at. 22. E. 4. pars. 

of the kins;, fon and heire of Maurice Berkeley knight late one of the kniijhts for ?; '",' '"*" . 
^ _ -- h t. Newl. ped: m 

the body of the faid kinge, and one of his Counfellors of State, obtaines of king caftrode Berkeley. 
Edward the fourth in the 22^ of his raigne, Hcence to give ten marks land by the 
year in Mortmaine to the pryor of Twyneham in Hampfliire, to pray for the foules 
of the faid S' Maurice and of Anne his wife, and of him the faid William and 
Katharine his wife who was daughter of Wittm lord Stourton. 



3In the firft year of king Richard the third, this S^ William Berkeley plotted 
with the Duke of Buckingham, Moreton Bifliop of Ely and many other perfonages 
of great note, to dekinge that Vfurper Richard the third, and to advance to the 
Crown Henry Earle of Richmond, after called king Henry the feaventh. And by his 
manage with the Lady Elizabeth eldefl; daughter of king Edward the fourth, to 
unite in one the two houfes of Yorke and Lancafter : But the plott being difcovered 
by king Richard, before it was fully ripened, Though this S' Wittm Berkeley by 
flight beyond feas to the faid Erie of Richmond prevented the loffe of his head ; 
Yet was hee thereupon the fame year by parliament attaynted of treafon, with the 
Efcheat of all his lands, which forthwith were by that ufurping king given away to 
feverall perfons whom hee favoured, as the marginalls do fhewe : Howbeit upon his 
returne into England with the faid Earle of Richmond, and the death of the faid 
Vfurper flaine in the battle of Bofworth feild the year after, hee was reinvefted in 
his former poffeffions ; But fo litle a while rejoyced hee himfelfe in that better 
fortune, That the fame year his happines accrued, hee, in Anno . 14S5 . the firft year 
of Henry the feaventh, (haveing before been knighted,) dyed of the fweating 
ficknefs w'''out iffue male of his body, whereby the Caftle and manor of Beverflon 
and thofe other manors and lands, by vertue of the faid Entayles made in the 26''' 
and other years of Edward the third, remained | and came to Edward Berkeley 
before mentioned, unckle to this S' Wittm, and younger fon of the faid S' Maurice 
his father. 



Marten, fo: 319. 



pat. I. R. 3. pars. 2. 
et. pars. 3. 
pat. 2. R. 3. pars. i. 
et. 2. 



Efchaet. i. H. 7. 
in Cane : port, 
mort Will. 
Newl. pad: in 
caflr. de Berkeley. 



3IInb as for the faid Katharine the only fifler of this S"^ Wittm Berkeley, fhee 
was firfl maryed to John lord Stourton, And after to Sr John Brereton, by whom 
fhee had iffue W^arburgh, maryed to S' Wittm Compton, from whom many honor- 
able perfons of great note and eminency at this day, are difcended. 



<Et>tDarb Berkeley aforefaid knight, brother of S' Maurice, and after the death 

of his Nephewe S' Wittm, the only heire and male of this family of Beverflon of 

2 z • the 



354 



€f)c %i\ic0 of t^e 25crhclcpj8f 



1326 



claus: eifd annis. 

fin. 10. H. 7. et in 

anno predict. 



Efchaet.^i. H. 8. 
pofl mort. Alicire. 



Micfias. rec. in 

fccio 7. H. 7. rot. 

34. cm rem. 

thefaur. 

Pafch : rec. ibm 

16. H. 7. rot. 9. 

414 



Efchaet. 5. E. 6 
pofl morT. Wirt 
Berkel : mittis 



the Bodyes of the faid lord Thomas and lady Katharine his fecond wife, had to his 
firfl wife Chriflian the daughter and heire of Richard Holt Efq^ who had iffue 
between them Lora maryed to John lord Mount Joy, father by her of John lord 
Mount Joy and others, whofe poflerities in many remarkable familyes yet flourifh, 
Anno. 1620. 

3llnb to his fecond wife had Alice the widowe of John Poyntz Efq^, by whom 
hee had iffue, i Thomas Berkeley, 2 Maurice Berkeley, and 3 William Berkeley; 
And in the tenth of Henry the feaventh was high Sherife of Gloucefter fliire. And 
in the II'^ 15* and 20'.*' of Edward the fourth, for Hampfhire. And in the 8'^ of 
Edward the fourth knight of the parliament for that County, And often otherwife 
imployed by the State in places of great trufl, 3llnb dyed in the 21''' of Henry the 
feaventh ; And Alice furviving, dyed fhordy after in the firfl of Henry the 8'^, and 
left thofe antient poffeffions of Beverfton and the other entayled manors, with many 
other faire poffeffions, to difcend upon his fons as after followeth. 

€I^C forefaid Cfjomajf, eldefl; fon of the faid S' Edward, maryed Elizabeth 
daughter of George Nevill lord Abergavenny, And dyed in the life of his faid father 
in Anno. 1500. the fifteenth of Henry the feaventh, leaving iffue by his faid wife 
one fon and four daughters viz' John, fix years old at the death of his grandfather 
S' Edward, | And dyed the kings ward without iffue ; %0VCl the eldeft daughter was 
maryed to John Afhburnham of Afhburnham in Suffex Efq^, father of John, father 
of Sir John, father of John and William that now are . 1624. 3lnn0 the fecond 
daughter was maryed to John Brent of Charinge in Kent Efq", father of Margaret 
who was maryed to John Deringe of Buckley in Kent Efq! father of Richard 
Deringe father of Sir Anthony, father of Sr Edward Deringe knight and Baronet 
that now is Anno. 1624. (whofe help in this difcent I thankfully acknowledge,) who 
firfl maryed Elizabeth eldefl daughter of Nicholas lord Tufton, by whom hee hath 
iffue Anthony ; And fecondly maryed Anne daughter of S' John Afhburnham 
aforefaid, by whom hee hath iffue Edward, Anno . 1628. <!Eli5fl(lCt^ the third 
daughter of the faid Thomas was maryed to Sr George Herbert of Aberconway in 
North Wales, knight, brother of Witim Herbert Earle of Penbroke. And 5illicc 
the fourth daughter was maryed to George Whetenhall of Eftpeckham in Kent 
EfqT, who had iffue Thomas, father of S' Henry, father of George, Henry, and 
Francis Whetenhall that now are. Anno . 1624. 

dl^nuncc the fecond brother of the faid Thomas, dyed without iffue the ninth 



poamonWirti ^f September in the fifth of Henry the 8'\ before the faid John his nephewe. 



IDilliam 



1 36 1 Uifc of OCJjomajBt tl)c Cljicli 355 

SDintani the thin.1 fon of the faid Edward and youngefl brother of the faid 6. K.6. i)s.i.rot.49. 
Thomas, was alfo a knight, And inaryed Margaret daughter of Wittm Pawlet J'^/'^'^ = ■'^91 '° 
Marques of Winchefter, by whom hee had iffue John Berkeley knight and others, rot. 36. 
And dyed in the fifth year of Edward the fixth, leaving his forefaid entayled 
poffeffions to difcend upon the faid John his fon and heire, after knighted. 

Cl)C faid S' John Berkeley knight, fon and heire of the faid S! Wittm, firfl: See fol : 
maryed ffrances daughter of S'. Nicholas Poyntz of A(5lon in the County of Glou- 
cefter, knight, and of | Jone his wife daughter of Thomas lord Berkeley the fifth of 4^5 
that name, by whom hee had iffue John, Jone a profeffed Nunne, Katharine, and 
Margaret : And after maryed a fecond wife by whom hee had no iffue ; whofe ill 
governed life after her hufbands deceafe is unworthy of any memoriall in thefe Efchaet.jjs. Eli/. : 
relations : And hee dyed the I8'^ of 06lober in the 24'^ of Elizabeth. Berkeley mittis. 

•^I fjaVlC often heard Henry lord Berkeley report this Sr John, (his familiar 
freind and kinfman,) to bee a very able and well fpoken gentleman, and as eminent 
a parliament man as any of his time : yet wafted hee all that antient patrimony, 
which from the faid firfl entayles thereof in the time of Edward the third had 
difcended upon him, as heire male of thofe entayles, e.xcepting only his Caflle and 
manor of Beverflon, from whence hee and his Anceflors for all the former difcents 
had had their denomination of ^ttUzic^^ of 2&C\)Critfton, And thereby were diflin- 
guiflied from other branches of this noble roote and family. 

5!ol)n Berkeley fon and heire of the faid S! John, maryed Mary daughter of 
John Snell Efq!, by whom hee had iffue as followeth ; And in the 39''' of Elizabeth 
alyened the Caftle and manor of Beverflon to S' John Poyntz, and hee fhortly after 
to Henry fiieetwood of Grayes Inne Efq', And hee fhortly after to S'. Thomas 
Earflfeild, And hee againe to the faid Henry ffleetwood, And hee againe to St 
Michaell Hickes knight, whofe fon and heire S' William Hickes, a Baronet, now 
holdeth the fame, Anno. 1628. 5CnD though this family had many great poffeffions 
rended and taken from their male lines at feverall times by the heires general! 
that it fent forth, as formerly Appeares, yet the heires males ftill held up with equall 
eminency to the greatefl gentry of that County, afwell in lands, Allyes and matches 
of their children, as in the quality of their perfons, till now that their high tide, by 
thefe two 3(oi)lVS the fon and father, is cafl into a lower ebbe and condition ; which 
I hartely wifh may with a higher fpringe returne againe from fome great ocean 
floud and fill their former banks and chanell. | 

2 z 2 %tQ} 



356